WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Show me the money: incorporating financial motives into the gambling motives questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although research has only recently begun to measure what motivates all levels of gambling involvement, motives could offer a theoretically interesting and practical way to subtype gamblers in research and for responsible gambling initiatives. The Gambling Motives Questionnaire (GMQ) is one measure that weaves together much of the gambling motives literature, but it has been criticized for neglecting financial reasons for gambling. This study uses a series of factor analyses to explore the effect of adding nine financial motives to the GMQ in a heterogeneous sample of 1,014 adult past-year gamblers. After trimming trivial financial motives, the penultimate factor analysis of the 15 GMQ items and four financial motives led to a four-factor solution, with factors tapping enhancement, social, coping and financial motives, as predicted. A final factor analysis performed on a modified GMQ-F (i.e., 16 items, including a financial subscale) revealed the same four factors, and hierarchical regression showed that the financial motives improve the GMQ-F's prediction of gambling frequency. This study provides evidence that omitting financial motives is a clear gap in the GMQ, yet suggests that the GMQ is a promising tool that can be conceptually and empirically strengthened with the simple addition of financial items. PMID:23740347

Dechant, Kristianne

2014-12-01

2

Video exams and the external examiners : Results from a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Master’s programme in Problem Based Learning in Engineering and Science, MPBL (www.mpbl.aau.dk), at Aalborg University, is an international programme offering formalized staff development. The programme is online, worldwide and offered on demand. The programme is organized exemplarily in accordance the principles in the problem based and project based learning method used at Aalborg University where students have large influence on their own teaching and learning. The programme is also offered in smaller parts as single subject courses (SSC). Passed single subject courses are accredited to the Master’s programme. The programme offers streamed videos in combination with other learning resources. Oral exams have been mediated with the help of Skype and later with Adobe Connect Professional. It has for all participants - students, examiners and external examiners – been both a challenge and an opportunity which has brought about new knowledge and experience. All students in the MPBL Master’s programme responded to a questionnaire [1] that they did not cheat or receive any help from outside. It was also shown that the more experience the respondents had with video exams, the more satisfied they were with the exams. Almost all respondents thought that video exams gave the external examiner the possibility to ensure that the demands were in accordance with the defined outcomes and see to that the exams were completed in accordance with the rules. This paper presents results from a questionnaire focusing on how external examiners experience video examination.

Qvist, Palle

3

Cost-effectiveness of MR cholangiopancreatography. Results obtained from questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have investigated the present status of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in our hospital and compared MR cholangiopancreatography with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to determine the diagnostic utility and net cost of MRCP in the management of patients suspected of pancreatobiliary pathologies. The MRCP examinations have increased every year since 1995, and reached 554 in 1998, while the diagnostic ERCP examinations have decreased slightly and were 143 in 1998. Among 105 patients who underwent both MRCP and ERCP in 1998, the diagnostic agreement was obtained in 100 patients (95%). The rate of technical failure was none, 13% for MRCP and ERCP, respectively. The complication occurred in no patients who underwent MRCP, and in 7% for ERCP. The net costs are about 21,000 yen for MRCP, and about 84,170 yen for diagnostic ERCP including hospitalization costs. The complications which occurred in ERCP were treated at the average cost of 176,594 yen. Our results have shown that MRCP can reduce the medical costs. The information obtained from questionnaire has suggested that the MRCP can be considered as first imaging technique for patients suspected of pancreatobiliary diseases. In conclusion, the use of diagnostic ERCP only after inconclusive MRCP results can decrease the national health care expenditure. (author)

Watanabe, Yuji; Dohke, Masako; Hayashi, Takafumi [Kurashiki Central Hospital, Okayama (Japan)] [and others

2000-01-01

4

Cost-effectiveness of MR cholangiopancreatography. Results obtained from questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have investigated the present status of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in our hospital and compared MR cholangiopancreatography with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to determine the diagnostic utility and net cost of MRCP in the management of patients suspected of pancreatobiliary pathologies. The MRCP examinations have increased every year since 1995, and reached 554 in 1998, while the diagnostic ERCP examinations have decreased slightly and were 143 in 1998. Among 105 patients who underwent both MRCP and ERCP in 1998, the diagnostic agreement was obtained in 100 patients (95%). The rate of technical failure was none, 13% for MRCP and ERCP, respectively. The complication occurred in no patients who underwent MRCP, and in 7% for ERCP. The net costs are about 21,000 yen for MRCP, and about 84,170 yen for diagnostic ERCP including hospitalization costs. The complications which occurred in ERCP were treated at the average cost of 176,594 yen. Our results have shown that MRCP can reduce the medical costs. The information obtained from questionnaire has suggested that the MRCP can be considered as first imaging technique for patients suspected of pancreatobiliary diseases. In conclusion, the use of diagnostic ERCP only after inconclusive MRCP results can decrease the national health care expenditure. (author)

5

[Heart transplantation in the doctors' opinion (results of a questionnaire)].  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents the results of the survey aimed to evaluate physicians' attitude and personal opinion on heart transplantation. The study comprised 124 people: 92 physicians (internal medicine) and 32 students of the Faculty of Medicine (sixth year) in Cracow. None of the responders was directly or indirectly involved in cardiac transplantation. Responders were assessed using questionnaire consisting of 17 questions. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. Percentage analysis and non-parametric chi-2 test were applied in statistical analysis of the results. As many as 91.9% responders declared themselves as heart transplantation supporters. As the most important causes of small number of heart transplantations in Poland the following factors were considered: inadequate quantity of cardiosurgical centers and qualified medical staff (72%), shortage of heart donors (53%), insufficient knowledge of the physician on donor's qualification (49%), excessive cost of transplantation and postoperative management (46%). Only 11.3% responders have chosen right criteria for brain death out of given possibilities, 4% identified the factors excluding potential heart donors, 89.5% have known who was authorized to diagnose brain death and 59.6% knew where to refer the donor. The fact that after cardiac transplantation the patient requires long-term immunosuppressive treatment was recognized by 87%. Only 8.3% was able to indicate the essential drug - cyclosporin A, whereas 56.1% of responders were willing to treat the patients after heart transplantation. No statistical correlation between the above-mentioned results and the place of work, degree of specialization, professional experience of the physician was found.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1293347

Buch, M; Undas, A; Sliwowska, B; Sliwowski, Z; Cie?la-Dul, M

1992-12-01

6

Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Hachiro Yoshida, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, he explained that according to this questionnaire, the admiration for the durability was high, and that It was clear to advance the examination with technical progress and change of the social environment. Next, he explained that by the advance on high range water reducing admixtures and belite cement matrix, the technology of high flow and high strength concrete spread, and that these technical progress rapidly improved the durability. Finally, he described that the establishment of reinforcement means and criterion for evaluation were important. (NEDO)

Yoshida, Hachiro [Taiheiyo Cement Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

7

New Drug Shows Mixed Results Against Early Alzheimer's  

Science.gov (United States)

New Drug Shows Mixed Results Against Early Alzheimer’s... Text Size: Email This Post Print This Post New Drug Shows Mixed Results Against Early Alzheimer’s A new drug designed to treat Alzheimer’s ...

8

The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire change version (DTSQc evaluated in insulin glargine trials shows greater responsiveness to improvements than the original DTSQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The results of using status measures to identify any changes in treatment satisfaction strongly suggest a need for specific change instruments designed to overcome the ceiling effects frequently observed at baseline. Status measures may leave little room to show improvement in situations where baseline ceiling effects are observed. A change version of the DTSQ (DTSQc is compared here with the original status (now called DTSQs version to test the instruments' comparative ability to demonstrate change. Methods Two multinational, openlabel, randomised-controlled trials (one for patients with type 1 diabetes, the other for type 2 compared new, longer-acting insulin glargine with standard NPH basal insulin. The DTSQs was completed at baseline and the DTSQs and DTSQc at final visit by 351 English- and German-speaking patients. DTSQc scores were compared with change from baseline for the DTSQs, using 3-way analysis of variance, to examine Questionnaire, Treatment and Ceiling effects (i.e. baseline scores at/near ceiling. Results and discussion Significant Questionnaire effects and a Questionnaire × Ceiling interaction (p Conclusion The DTSQc, used in conjunction with the DTSQs, overcomes the problem of ceiling effects encountered when only the status measure is used and provides a means for new treatments to show greater value than is possible with the DTSQs alone.

Valentine John

2007-10-01

9

Results of the questionnaire: Come and discuss with us  

CERN Multimedia

After a memorable year, with plenty of high-profile events in 2013, CERN will celebrate its sixtieth birthday in 2014. For a very long time the Organization has been a centre of excellence, cited as an example of a successful European, even world-level, scientific collaboration. This acknowledgement is not due to chance, but is rather the result of the continuous efforts, and devotion, of the staff members and the users, for decades. To guarantee that CERN keeps its place on the scientific research laboratories’ podium, the Organization must be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists from all Member States. To achieve this, a five-yearly review of the employment conditions is foreseen in the CERN Staff Rules and Regulations. The conclusion of the next review is foreseen for December 2015. The list of topics to be considered has to be defined by the CERN Council in June 2014, upon suggestion of the Director-General. To help us prepare the discussions with the Management concernin...

Staff Association

2014-01-01

10

32 questions concerning climate change (results of a questionnaire)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The intention of the inquiry was to investigate the opinion within the scientific community about climate change questions that are believed to be already well solved in the public opinion. 32 questions were formulated that deal with 12 main assumptions about the existence, the predictability and the impacts of climate changes due to an artificially enhanced greenhouse effect. The possibilities to answer reached from `sure yes`, over `guess yes`, `not answerable or no opinion` to `guess no` and `sure no`. There were additional questions about the way the answers were gained: `by own research`, `by studying scientific literature or discussion with colleagues` and `by mass media consumption`. In the following some of the key assumptions about climate change topics will be discussed as the predictability of future evolution of climate by climate models and the detectability of an artificially enhanced greenhouse effect in climate time series. The other assumptions can be shown here only in the form of a comprehensive overview. In a very comprehensive form the results of the inquiry could be described in the following: A weak majority of climatologists believe today`s climate models to be able to describe a greenhouse gas induced climate change in global scale - much less in regional scale and not in local scale. A majority of climatologists believe an anthropogenic greenhouse gas forced climate and its impacts to be developing in the future but not already at present. The shape of the opinion spectra is in most cases far from that of a scientifically solved problem - a lot of work still has to be done

Auer, I.; Boehm, R. [Central Inst. for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Vienna (Austria); Steinacker, R. [Vienna Univ. (Austria).Inst. for Meteorology and Geophysics

1995-12-31

11

Results of a questionnaire survey on window setting and FOV on CT images of examinations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of CT as a general examination has spread widely and is even used in small institutions. However, it is difficult to determine the current situation of each institution. Therefore, we employed a questionnaire to investigate the current situation of a variety of institutions. From the results of the questionnaire, we determined that the window setting was difficult for beginner technologists. In addition, in many institutions, radiological technologists did not always use the same display field of view (FOV) for the same patient. From this questionnaire, we were able to determine the present conditions in each institution. We consider these results very useful. (author)

12

Validation and results of a questionnaire for functional bowel disease in out-patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to evaluate and validate a bowel disease questionnaire in patients attending an out-patient gastroenterology clinic in Greece. Methods This was a prospective study. Diagnosis was based on detailed clinical and laboratory evaluation. The questionnaire was tested on a pilot group of patients. Interviewer-administration technique was used. One-hundred-and-forty consecutive patients attending the out-patient clinic for the first time and fifty healthy controls selected randomly participated in the study. Reliability (kappa statistics and validity of the questionnaire were tested. We used logistic regression models and binary recursive partitioning for assessing distinguishing ability among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, functional dyspepsia and organic disease patients. Results Mean time for questionnaire completion was 18 min. In test-retest procedure a good agreement was obtained (kappa statistics 0.82. There were 55 patients diagnosed as having IBS, 18 with functional dyspepsia (Rome I criteria, 38 with organic disease. Location of pain was a significant distinguishing factor, patients with functional dyspepsia having no lower abdominal pain (p Conclusions This questionnaire for functional bowel disease is a valid and reliable instrument that can distinguish satisfactorily between organic and functional disease in an out-patient setting.

Skordilis Panagiotis

2002-05-01

13

Showing similarity of results given by two methods: A commentary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is a frequent need in the environmental sciences to show the similarity of the results given by two analytical methods. This cannot, however, be done within the conventional 'there is a difference' statistical hypothesis setting of, among others, Student's t-test. We demonstrate here a more appropriate approach that originates from drug testing and that can be applied with standard statistical software. It is a challenging approach, as it requires quantification of the similarity limit. If no pre-determined value is given for similarity, a potential data-supported similarity limit can be explored from the data. The approach has numerous other potential application areas, e.g. parallelism of regression slopes, homogeneity of variances and lack of interaction. - Showing similarity of two methods calls for specific, yet simple, statistical techniques

14

P-001: Koi herpes virus world wide: results of the global KHV questionnaire 2007-2009  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

KOI HERPES VIRUS WORLD WIDE: RESULTS OF GLOBAL KHV QUESTIONNAIRE 2007-2009 O. Haenen*,1 and N. J. Olesen2 (and our colleagues who completed the questionnaire) 1 Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, NRL for Fish and Shellfish Diseases, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands. 2 National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Hangøvej 2, DK-8200 Århus N, Denmark EPIZONE is a big EU network of excellence project within FP6 (www.epizone-eu.net), with 20 partners from Europe, and China, Turkey, FAO and DiVa. Its mission is to improve research on preparedness, prevention, detection, and control of epizootic diseases within Europe to reduce the economic and social impact of future outbreaks of emerging/notifiable diseases, like Foot-and-mouth disease through increased excellence by collaboration. Within EPIZONE, Work package 6.1 covers emerging diseases of fish, including Koi Herpes virus (KHV), which causes the notifiable KHV disease (KHVD) in koi and carp (Cyprinus carpio). In Sept 2007, at the last EAFP Conference at Grado, results of the detailed EPIZONE questionnaire on KHV disease in 2006-2007 were presented. In March 2009 a follow up KHV questionnaire was sent to > 65 countries world wide. By the start of May 2009, 40 countries had responded, i.e. > 60%. The results of the KHV questionnaire will be presented as a poster, and hand-out. Questions of the questionnaire were about koi (1), cultured (2) and wild carp (3), all Cyprinus carpio: • Prevalence of KHV in your country: year of first detection;? Number of outbreaks in 2004-2009 in 1, 2 or 3? • Clinics: what clinical signs were present in KHV outbreaks ? • Outbreaks: Was there disease and mortality in small and/or big fish? • Diagnosis: Which diagnostic tests were used for KHV detection, screening and confirmation? Did/do you participate in the KHV PCR ring test of CEFAS (UK); • Susceptible fish species: Was KHV isolated from other species than koi/carp? • Latent carriers: Do you have any experience with latency of KHV in koi/carp? • Measures (stamping out, temp change, therapy) and effects in 1, 2, and 3? • Vaccination: Is a KHV vaccine used in your country? • Any research on KHV in your country and laboratory? • National legislation in your country? • Any Further points? A full updated literature list on KHV on request: please E-mail olga.haenen@wur.nl

Haenen, Olga; Olesen, Niels JØrgen

15

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala de Gravidade de Crises (EGC (Seizure Severity Questionnaire com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A autora da escala concedeu a versão original em inglês para a tradução. Dois professores de inglês nativos realizaram a retrotradução. As versões em português e a retrotraduzida foram comparadas à original e após consenso foi obtida a versão final. Trinta pacientes em tratamento regular com diagnóstico de epilepsia do lobo temporal relacionada a esclerose mesial temporal responderam ao questionário. RESULTADOS: Vinte e dois pacientes (73% eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 37 anos. Na Escala de Gravidade de Crises, 10 (33% tiveram apenas auras; 18 (62% apresentaram Movimentos ou atitudes durante a crise. Dois (6% apresentaram Perda dos sentidos, 13 (43% revelaram demora na recuperação após a crise com Efeitos mentais e corpóreos e 12 (40% tiveram Efeitos emocionais. Vinte e oito (94% responderam terem sido as crises extremamente graves e para 23 (77% a recuperação após as crises foi o que mais incomodou. Observou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre a freqüência de crises e os domínios do Nottingham Health Profile: Reações Emocionais (p = 0,046, Dor (p = 0,015 e Alterações do sono (p = 0,003. CONCLUSÃO: Foi realizada a adaptação cultural da EGC, avaliando seus resultados preliminares, e a relação entre freqüência de crises e QV. O impacto das crises tradicionalmente estudado em termos da freqüência e tipo de evento pode ser melhor compreendido se analisado sob a ótica do paciente.INTRODUCTION: Seizure severity and seizure frequency reduction are the goals in the treatment of epilepsy. Up to the present, there are no validated instruments or studies emphasizing initial reliability and validity of questionnaires to measure seizure severity into Brazilian Portuguese. PURPOSE: This report describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ, an instrument to evaluate seizure frequency and severity. CASUISTIC AND METHODS: The author conceded the original English version to Portuguese translation. Later, two independent native English-speaking teachers fluent in Portuguese translated this consensus version back into English. Comparison of the back-translation with the original English version showed only a few discrepancies, and the English and Portuguese versions were considered conceptually equivalent. Thirty patients regularly treated with temporal lobe epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty-two adult patients (73% were male and mean age 37. Ten (33% reported only auras and 18 Movements or attitudes during the seizures. Two presented Loss of consciousness. For 13 (43% there was a long time to recuperate after the event. 12 reported Emotional effects and all patients had Body effects. The majority of patients, 28 (94% considered their seizures extremely severe and for 23 (77% the recuperation period was the most bother symptom. The association of seizure frequency and Nottingham Health Profile showed statistical significance for the domains: Emotional well-being (p = 0.046, Pain (p = 0.015 and Sleep (p = 0.003. CONCLUSION: This study explored the cultural adaptation of SSQ and its first results. We also assessed the correlation between seizure frequency and quality of life impact. The instrument SSQ could help to understand the seizure concern in the view of the patient.

Tatiana Indelicato da Silva

2006-03-01

16

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares / Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala [...] de Gravidade de Crises (EGC) (Seizure Severity Questionnaire) com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A autora da escala concedeu a versão original em inglês para a tradução. Dois professores de inglês nativos realizaram a retrotradução. As versões em português e a retrotraduzida foram comparadas à original e após consenso foi obtida a versão final. Trinta pacientes em tratamento regular com diagnóstico de epilepsia do lobo temporal relacionada a esclerose mesial temporal responderam ao questionário. RESULTADOS: Vinte e dois pacientes (73%) eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 37 anos. Na Escala de Gravidade de Crises, 10 (33%) tiveram apenas auras; 18 (62%) apresentaram Movimentos ou atitudes durante a crise. Dois (6%) apresentaram Perda dos sentidos, 13 (43%) revelaram demora na recuperação após a crise com Efeitos mentais e corpóreos e 12 (40%) tiveram Efeitos emocionais. Vinte e oito (94%) responderam terem sido as crises extremamente graves e para 23 (77%) a recuperação após as crises foi o que mais incomodou. Observou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre a freqüência de crises e os domínios do Nottingham Health Profile: Reações Emocionais (p = 0,046), Dor (p = 0,015) e Alterações do sono (p = 0,003). CONCLUSÃO: Foi realizada a adaptação cultural da EGC, avaliando seus resultados preliminares, e a relação entre freqüência de crises e QV. O impacto das crises tradicionalmente estudado em termos da freqüência e tipo de evento pode ser melhor compreendido se analisado sob a ótica do paciente. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Seizure severity and seizure frequency reduction are the goals in the treatment of epilepsy. Up to the present, there are no validated instruments or studies emphasizing initial reliability and validity of questionnaires to measure seizure severity into Brazilian Portuguese. PURPOSE: T [...] his report describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ), an instrument to evaluate seizure frequency and severity. CASUISTIC AND METHODS: The author conceded the original English version to Portuguese translation. Later, two independent native English-speaking teachers fluent in Portuguese translated this consensus version back into English. Comparison of the back-translation with the original English version showed only a few discrepancies, and the English and Portuguese versions were considered conceptually equivalent. Thirty patients regularly treated with temporal lobe epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty-two adult patients (73%) were male and mean age 37. Ten (33%) reported only auras and 18 Movements or attitudes during the seizures. Two presented Loss of consciousness. For 13 (43%) there was a long time to recuperate after the event. 12 reported Emotional effects and all patients had Body effects. The majority of patients, 28 (94%) considered their seizures extremely severe and for 23 (77%) the recuperation period was the most bother symptom. The association of seizure frequency and Nottingham Health Profile showed statistical significance for the domains: Emotional well-being (p = 0.046), Pain (p = 0.015) and Sleep (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: This study explored the cultural adaptation of SSQ and its first results. We also assessed the correlation between seizure frequency and quality of life impact. The instrument SSQ could help to understand the seizure concern in the view of the patient.

Tatiana Indelicato da, Silva; Neide Barreira, Alonso; Auro Mauro, Azevedo; Ana Carolina, Westphal-Guitti; Rosa Cristina Vaz Pedroso, Migliorini; Carolina Mattos, Marques; Luís Otavio Sales Ferreira, Caboclo; Américo Ceiki, Sakamoto; Elza Márcia Targas, Yacubian.

2006-03-01

17

Voices of nuclear power 'monitors' in fiscal 1985: results of the questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The system of nuclear power 'monitors' is to hear opinions etc. of the general people (i.e. of nuclear power monitors) on the nuclear power development and utilization and thereby to reflect the results in the nuclear power administration in Japan. The questionnairing survey by mail was made in June 1985 with 536 monitors across the country, of which 474 answered the questions. The results are described in the following: energies in the future, the development of nuclear power, the development of advanced-type reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear power safety administration, nuclear hazard prevention, nuclear power PR activities. (Mori, K.)

18

Women show mixed intentions regarding the uptake of HPV vaccinations in pre-adolescents: a questionnaire study.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The general introduction of HPV vaccination, as the primary prevention of cervical cancer, is the subject of debate in the Netherlands. METHODS: We explored intentions towards HPV vaccinations for pre-adolescents in 1367 women; screen invitees, women with abnormal smears, cervical cancer survivors, and a reference group. RESULTS: 76% (screen invitees) to 81% (women with abnormal smears) said 'yes' to vaccinations, often motivated by 'prevention is better than cure'. Multivariate l...

Korfage, I. J.; Essink-bot, M. L. E.; Daamen, R.; Mols, F.; Ballegooijen, M.

2008-01-01

19

Format to communicate risk and uncertainty about the disposal of radioactive waste to different stakeholders; questionnaire and analysis of the results of the questionnaire. Deliverable D8  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders - The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the conve about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version.The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version

20

Report of results of questionnaire concerning mistakes in administration of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine practice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes results of questionnaire in the title which was done in September, 2004, by the risk-management committee of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. The questionnaire was sent to 1,279 facilities conducting the in vivo nuclear medical practices, of which 740 (58%) answered. The mistake is found to occur at the approximate rate of once per several years in about half of the answered facilities and to tend to be more frequent in those where full-time doctors and/or nurses were absent. Many occurred in bone and tumor scintigraphy, but severe complication was scarce. The information of mistakes was given to patients in about 80% cases, and about 90% were reported to the safety management department. The mistakes are found to have been caused by poor confirmation of the subject patient, congested examinations at one time, poor communication between personnel concerned or inappropriate labeling of the pharmaceutical. It is concluded that the thoroughgoing confirmation of patient and drug, accurate adjustment of examination schedule and effort to increase the number of personnel in charge are needed. (T.I.)

 
 
 
 
21

Coeliac disease diagnosis: espghan 1990 Criteria or need for a change? Results of a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION:: A revision of criteria for diagnosing celiac disease (CD) is currently being conducted by ESPGHAN. In parallel, we have performed a survey aimed to evaluate current practices for CD among pediatric gastroenterologists (PG) and to learn their views on the need for modification of current criteria for CD diagnosis. METHODS:: Questionnaires were distributed to experienced PG (ESPGHAN members) via internet. RESULTS:: Overall, 95 valid questionnaires were available for analysis, pertaining to 28 different countries, with the majority of responders treating CD patients for more than 15 years. Only about 12% of the responders comply with current criteria, noncompliance being related mainly to the challenge policy.About 90 % request a revision and modification of the current criteria. 44% want to omit the SBB in symptomatic children with positive anti-tissue Transglutaminase (tTG) IgA or endomysial (EMA) IgA antibodies, specially if they are DQ2/DQ8 positive. For silent cases detected by screening withconvincingly positive tTG IgA or EMA IgA, about 30% consider that no small bowel biopsy (SBB) should be required in selected cases. Adding HLA typing in the diagnostic work up was asked for by 42% of the responders. As for gluten challenge a new policy is advocated restricting its obligation to cases whenever the diagnosis is doubtful or unclear. CONCLUSIONS:: Based on these opinions, revision of the ESPGHAN criteria for diagnosing CD is urgently needed.

Ribes-Koninckx, C; Mearin, Ml

2012-01-01

22

Biosecurity on Finnish cattle, pig and sheep farms - results from a questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Biosecurity is important in order to prevent disease transmission between animals on farms as well as from farm to farm. Personal biosecurity routines such as hand washing and the use of protective clothing and footwear are measures that should be used at all farms. Other measures are for example related to purchasing new animals to the farm. A questionnaire-based survey was undertaken to study the frequency of use of different biosecurity measures on cattle, pig and sheep farms in Finland. Information about which biosecurity measures are in use is needed for contingency planning of emerging diseases or when combating endemic diseases. Knowledge about the level of biosecurity of a farm is also needed in order to assess if and where improvement is needed. Information regarding biosecurity levels may benefit future animal disease risk assessments. A total of 2242 farmers responded to the questionnaire resulting in a response rate of 45%. The implementation frequencies of different biosecurity measures are reported. The results revealed differences between species: large pig farms had a better biosecurity level than small cattle farms. There were also differences between production types such as dairy farming versus beef cattle farming, but these were not as remarkable. Sheep farming in Finland is sparse and the large number of hobby farmers keeps the biosecurity level low on sheep farms. This might represent a risk for the entire sheep farming industry. The Finnish farmers were satisfied with their on-farm biosecurity. Eighty percent of the farmers report that they were satisfied even though the biosecurity level was not particularly high. The implementation of biosecurity measures could be further improved. Even though the disease situation in Finland is good today, one must be prepared for possible epidemics of threatening diseases. PMID:25147126

Sahlström, Leena; Virtanen, Terhi; Kyyrö, Jonna; Lyytikäinen, Tapani

2014-11-01

23

The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

24

Report of questionnaire result concerning the radiation control in medicare facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation control in Japanese medicare facilities is regulated generally by multiple laws of radiation and the Committee has investigated their actual radiation control practice through questionnaire, of which result and its analysis are described here. The questionnaire on web (Committee's homepage) was conducted in the period Apr., 13-May, 1, 2009, by asking to medical radiology personnel (MRP) with 20 items, mainly about personnel working for radiation medicare (RM), monitoring of their external dose, notice of exposure dose to individual person, archiving of the dose record, and questions about the Law Concerning Prevention from Radiation Hazard due to Radioisotopes, Etc.; was answered by 378 facilities where 15,281 persons in total worked for RM (41/facility in average); and the facilities were under regulation by 1 (Medical, 39%) and 2 (Medical and for Prevention, 61%) laws. Major findings were: 71% of facilities had no clear rule to select MRP; 98% trusted dosimetry outside; in 76%, personnel participating in RM had pocket dosimeter as well; 70% investigated the exposure history at personnel employment; to personnel whose dose could exceed or exceeded 20 mSv/y, 45% transferred the person to other work site, 34% issued warning and 21% had no such personnel; 73% felt the necessity of qualified expert for radiation control; 81% conducted education and training to MRP; 54% used radiation-generating equipments, 27%, unsealed radioisotopes and 19%, sealed ones; and 7 radioisotopes and 19%, sealed ones; and 77% felt the radiation control should be unified in the Medical Law. Based on the findings, the Committee discussed and commented about definition and selection of MRP, dosimetry and its record of MRP having multiple, increasing works, uncertainty of the exact number of MRP in Japan, and desirable unification of radiation control practice in the medicare facility into the Medical Law if amended in future. (K.T.)

25

Results of questionnaire for the needs of measured data for the steady-state calculations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the First International Seminar on the Modelling of Horizontal Steam Generators arranged in March 1991 was agreed to arrange a common calculational exercise to calculate the secondary side flow conditions during normal plant operation. OKB Gidropress of Russia supplied the experimental results for the exercise. They included some measured data of the local velocities and void fractions for the steam generators of the VVER-440 and VVER-1000 type reactors. The results of the common calculational exercise presented in the Second International Seminar in September 1992 were still mainly preliminary and it was felt necessary to continue these efforts. It was concluded that the given experimental results were not sufficient for a real code assessment - still too many quantities have to be guessed. It was pointed out that it is advisable to define a minimum set of necessary data. For this reason it was decided that VTT should made a query among the participants of the seminar, where they can give their opinion of the essential data. In this presentation the results of the questionnaire are given.

Yrjoelae, V. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

1995-12-31

26

Results of questionnaire for the needs of measured data for the steady-state calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the First International Seminar on the Modelling of Horizontal Steam Generators arranged in March 1991 was agreed to arrange a common calculational exercise to calculate the secondary side flow conditions during normal plant operation. OKB Gidropress of Russia supplied the experimental results for the exercise. They included some measured data of the local velocities and void fractions for the steam generators of the VVER-440 and VVER-1000 type reactors. The results of the common calculational exercise presented in the Second International Seminar in September 1992 were still mainly preliminary and it was felt necessary to continue these efforts. It was concluded that the given experimental results were not sufficient for a real code assessment - still too many quantities have to be guessed. It was pointed out that it is advisable to define a minimum set of necessary data. For this reason it was decided that VTT should made a query among the participants of the seminar, where they can give their opinion of the essential data. In this presentation the results of the questionnaire are given

27

Occupational health risks of pathologists - results from a nationwide online questionnaire in Switzerland  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Pathologists are highly trained medical professionals who play an essential part in the diagnosis and therapy planning of malignancies and inflammatory diseases. Their work is associated with potential health hazards including injuries involving infectious human tissue, chemicals which are assumed to be carcinogenic or long periods of microscope and computer work. This study aimed to provide the first comprehensive assessment of the health situation of pathologists in Switzerland. Methods Pathologists in Switzerland were contacted via the Swiss Society of Pathologists and asked to answer an ethically approved, online anonymous questionnaire comprising 48 questions on occupational health problems, workplace characteristics and health behaviour. Results 163 pathologists participated in the study. Forty percent of pathologists reported musculoskeletal problems in the previous month. The overall prevalence was 76%. Almost 90% of pathologists had visual refraction errors, mainly myopia. 83% of pathologists had experienced occupational injuries, mostly cutting injuries, in their professional career; more than one fifth of participants reported cutting injuries in the last year. However, long lasting injuries and infectious diseases were rare. Depression and burnout affected every eighth pathologist. The prevalence of smoking was substantially below that of the general Swiss population. Conclusions The results of this study suggest that more care should be taken in technical and personal protective measures, ergonomic workplace optimisation and reduction of work overload and work inefficiencies. Despite the described health risks, Swiss pathologists were optimistic about their future and their working situation. The high rate of ametropia and psychological problems warrants further study.

Fritzsche Florian Rudolf

2012-12-01

28

Multiple sclerosis in the Faroe Islands. 7. Results of a case control questionnaire with multiple controls  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Detailed questionnaires were completed in 1978-79 by 23 of the 28 then known resident Faroese multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 127 controls. These controls were divided into 69 Group A (patient sibs and other relatives), 37 Group B (matched neighbor controls, their spouses and sibs, plus patient's spouse), and 21 Group C (distant matched controls, spouses, relatives living where MS patients never resided and British troops were not encamped during the war). No differences between cases and controls were found for education, occupation, types of residence, bathing, sanitary or drinking facilities, and nature of house construction or heating. Detailed dietary histories, available for half the subjects, revealed no differences, cases versus controls, for four age periods between age 0 and 30 years, and for 16 specified foodstuffs. Animal exposures showed overall no consistent differences by location or type of animal. There was a tendency to greater exposure to British troops during the war for cases versus Groups A and B but this did not attain statistical significance. Vaccinations for smallpox, tetanus and diphtheria were less common in the MS; no difference was found for other vaccinations. Except for a relative deficit in the cases for rubella and (insignificantly) for measles, mumps and chicken pox, reported illnesses were equally common among all groups. Operations, hospitalizations and injuries did not differentiate the groups, nor did age at menarche for women. Neurologic symptoms were significantly more common in the cases than in the controls.

Kurtzke, J F; Hyllested, K

1997-01-01

29

Development and results of a questionnaire to measure carer satisfaction after stroke.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

STUDY OBJECTIVE--To develop a carer satisfaction questionnaire for use as an outcome measure in stroke, to test the measure for reliability and validity, and to survey levels of carer satisfaction with services for stroke patients. DESIGN--Postal survey of carer satisfaction with stroke services was carried out using the questionnaire we developed and tested. Internal consistency was tested and construct validation was explored by examining correlations with other outcome measures (the Faces ...

Pound, P.; Gompertz, P.; Ebrahim, S.

1993-01-01

30

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Nhu Nguyen

2006-12-01

31

Prioritizing the patient: optimizing therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Results of a patient questionnaire in northern Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jürgen Wollenhaupt,1 Inge Ehlebracht-Koenig,2 André Groenewegen,3 Dieter Fricke41Rheumatologikum Hamburg, Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany; 2Center of Rehabilitation, Bad Eilsen, Germany; 3UCB Pharma SA, Brussels, Belgium; 4UCB Pharma GmbH, Monheim, GermanyPurpose: A 40-question postal survey was developed to gain insight into the nature of difficulties experienced by patients due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA, as well as patient perceptions and priorities regarding their RA treatmentPatients and methods: A total of 3000 Lower Saxony, Germany members of Rheuma-Liga (RL, a patient support group for people with RA, were invited to participate between July 1, and August 20, 2009. The questionnaire was divided into four sections: (1 patient demographics, (2 quality of life (QOL, (3 treatment expectations and, (4 patient perceptions of RL. The questionnaire could be completed in writing or via the internet.Results: Of 959 respondents (response rate = 32.0%, 318 had diagnosed RA and were included in the analysis. The respondents were mostly retired (71.2%, female (83.3%, and >60 years of age (63.5%. Members’ responses indicated that most were generally satisfied with their current treatment (67.3%, considered it efficacious (84.0%, and reported minimal (none or little side-effects (61.2%. Patient involvement in treatment decisions, however, was reportedly low (49.6% felt insufficiently involved. Patients’ primary impairments were reflected in their treatment priorities: mobility (97.0%, ability to run errands/do shopping (97.1%, do the housework (95.6%, and be independent of others (94.2%. The primary service provided by RL and used by respondents was physiotherapy (70.6%, which was reported to benefit physical function and mood by over 90.0% of respondents.Conclusion: RA had a detrimental effect upon respondents' quality of life, specifically impairing their ability to perform daily tasks and causing pain/emotional distress. Independence and mobility were strong priorities for respondents. Physical therapy, provided by RL, was felt to help both physical and mental/emotional health.Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, patient survey, quality of life, patient satisfaction

Wollenhaupt J

2013-05-01

32

Online video examination : video exams from the student's point of view.Results from a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Master programme in Problem-Based Learning in Engineering and Science, MPBL (www.mpbl.aau.dk), at Aalborg University, is an international programme offering formalized staff development. The programme is also offered in smaller parts as single subject courses (SSC). Passed single subject courses are accredited to the master programme. The programme is online, worldwide and on demand. It recruits students from all over the world. The programme is organized exemplary in accordance the principles in the problem-based and project-based learning method used at Aalborg University where students have large influence on their own teaching, learning and curriculum. The programme offers streamed videos in combination with other learning resources. It is a concept which offers video as pure presentation - video lectures - but also as an instructional tool which gives the students the possibility to construct their knowledge, collaboration and communication. In its first years the programme has used Skype video communication for collaboration and communication within and between groups, group members and their facilitators. Also exams have been mediated with the help of Skype and have for all students, examiners and external examiners been a challenge and opportunity and has brought new knowledge and experience. This paper brings results from a questionnaire focusing on how the students experience the video examination.

Qvist, Palle

33

Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model : Participant directed learning in groups. Results from questionnaire surveys.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A democratic learning system can be defined as a system where decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning are established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) between those affected by the decision simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. In principle the participants must be equal with equal rights and feel committed to the values of rationality and impartiality. The Aalborg Model is an example of a democratic learning system although not 100% democratic. The influence of the students in relation to their own learning is not extended to e.g. the teaching in courses and the facilitation of the groups might be elitist. But the learning in groups during the project work is in principle learning in a communication community, free and without supremacy. Decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning can be established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) within the group simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. This article describes results from 2 questionnaire surveys focusing on democratic learning in reality in the Aalborg Model. The responders are first year students asked twice: In their first and second semester.

Qvist, Palle

34

Applicability of the assessment of chronic illness care (ACIC instrument in Germany resulting in a new questionnaire: questionnaire of chronic illness care in primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Chronic Care Model (CCM is an evidence based, population based approach to improve care for people with chronic conditions. The Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC instrument is widely used to measure to what extent within a healthcare system the CCM is implemented. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the ACIC Instrument for the German healthcare system. Methods For translating the ACIC instrument, principles of Good Practice for the Translation and Cultural Adaptation Process by the ISPOR Task Force were followed. Focus groups were additionally conducted with general practitioners to adapt the items culturally. Results The ACIC instrument can not be used in the German healthcare system easily due to a multifaceted understanding of words, different levels of knowledge of the CCM and fundamental differences between health systems. Conclusions As following the CCM leads to benefits for patients with chronic illnesses, measuring to which extent it is implemented is of major interest. A new questionnaire using the CCM as its theoretical basis, sensitive to the healthcare systems of the host country has to be created. Knowledge transfer between countries by using an instrument from a different healthcare system can lead to a completely new questionnaire.

Campbell Stephen

2011-07-01

35

[Opinions and fears of patients waiting for heart transplantation. (results of questionnaire)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to assess the quality of life and opinions of heart transplant candidates about transplantation and to evaluate some psychological aspects of anticipation of the procedure. The study comprised 49 patients from the Department of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery according to a list of potential candidates from January 1991. The special questionnaire prepared by the authors was applied in the study. The main topics were: severity and treatment of heart disease, method of informing about necessity of operation and basics of transplantation, factors contributing to the ultimate decision, opinions about problems of donors and psychological aspects of disease and transplantation, especially anxiety and fear. 39 answers (34 men, 5 woman, mean age--49.6 years) were received, including 10 reports of patient's death. Respondents evaluated their compensation of illness as bad or average nearly in equal proportions, 48.3% and 51.7% respectively. They were treated in the intensive care units on average 2.6 times a year. 96.6% assessed highly the method of informing about heart transplantation, consisting of a private conversation with a physician. A similar proportion of respondents (93.1%) began to show concern about problems associated with this procedure. Up to 77.8% declared the desire of increasing their knowledge on that score emphasizing the significance of information coming from physicians. The majority of respondents were interested in postoperative management--but 40.4% stated that they did not know anything about it. 58.6% consent immediately after transplantation had been proposed by the physician.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1465001

Undas, A; Cie?la-Dul, M; Przebinda, A; Buch, M; Sliwowski, Z; Sliwowska, B

1992-10-01

36

Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Spirituality has become a subject of interest in health care as it is was recognized to have the potential to prevent, heal or cope with illness. There is less doubt that values and goals are important contributors to life satisfaction, physical and psychological health, and that goals are what gives meaning and purpose to people's lives. However, there is as yet but limited understanding of how patients themselves view the impact of spirituality on their health and well-being, and whether they are convinced that their illness may have "meaning" to them. To raise these questions and to more precisely survey the basic attitudes of patients with severe diseases towards spirituality/religiosity (SpR and their adjustment to their illness, we developed the SpREUK questionnaire. Methods In order to re-validate our previously described SpREUK instrument, reliability and factor analysis of the new inventory (Version 1.1 were performed according to the standard procedures. The test sample contained 257 German subjects (53.3 ± 13.4 years with cancer (51%, multiple sclerosis (24%, other chronic diseases (16% and patients with acute diseases (7%. Results As some items of the SpREUK construct require a positive attitude towards SpR, these items (item pool 2 were separated from the others (item pool 1. The reliability of the 15-item the construct derived from the item pool 1 respectively the 14-item construct which refers to the item pool 2 both had a good quality (Cronbach's alpha = 0.9065 resp. 0.9525. Factor analysis of item pool 1 resulted in a 3-factor solution (i.e. the 6-item sub-scale 1: "Search for meaningful support"; the 6-item sub-scale 2: "Positive interpretation of disease"; and the 3-item sub-scale 3: "Trust in external guidance" which explains 53.8% of variance. Factor analysis of item pool 2 pointed to a 2-factor solution (i.e. the 10-item sub-scale 4: "Support in relations with the External life through SpR" and the 4-item sub-scale 5: "Support of the Internality through SpR" which explains 58.8% of variance. Generally, women had significantly higher SpREUK scores than male patients. Univariate variance analyses revealed significant associations between the sub-scales and SpR attitude and the educational level. Conclusions The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK 1.1 questionnaire indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of distinct topics of SpR that may be especially useful of assessing the role of SpR in health related research. The instrument appears to be a good choice for assessing a patients interest in spiritual concerns which is not biased for or against a particular religious commitment. Moreover it addresses the topic of "positive reinterpretation of disease" which seems to be of outstanding importance for patients with life-changing diseases.

Ostermann Thomas

2005-02-01

37

Surveillance of testicular microlithiasis?: Results of an UK based national questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The association of testicular microlithiasis with testicular tumour and the need for follow-up remain largely unclear. Methods We conducted a national questionnaire survey involving consultant BAUS members (BAUS is the official national organisation (like the AUA in USA) of the practising urologists in the UK and Ireland), to provide a snapshot of current attitudes towards investigation and surveillance of patients with testicular microlithia...

Cornford Philip A; Smith Richard; Ravichandran Subramanian; Vp, Fordham Mark

2006-01-01

38

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This...

Fragoulakis Vasilis; Maniadakis Nikos; Pavlakis Andreas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Theodorou Mamas; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

39

Radiation protection of nuclear medicine workers in the Czech Republic in 2003 -some results of SONS and questionnaire survey II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our paper presents the most. important data concerning an equipment of 45 nuclear medicine departments (depts.) with radiation protection facilities and aids. The results of the questionnaire survey mentioned in our previous paper are briefly summarized here. A relatively low radiation burden of nuclear medicine staff suggests the standard of radiation protection measures to be relatively good in our country. However, our survey shows some shortcomings, especially the following ones: (1) some depts. need equipment for the preparation and dispensing of radiopharmaceuticals; (2) syringe shields for injection of beta-emitters such as 90Y are missing Iargely; (3) at some depts. shielding of staff from the patient containing a radiopharmaceutical is either missing or insufficient. Some deficiencies, including those not mentioned here, cannot be considered too significant. If syringe shields for beta-emitters are not available, Pb shields can be provisionally used. It would be desirable to replace the Pb shields by tungsten ones having the same effectiveness as Pb shields but smaller dimensions enabling a more comfortable injections (of course, tungsten syringe shields were available at four depts. which administered 18F-FDG in 2003). An acquaintance of depts. with the results of our survey is believed to stimulate nuclear medicine workers to improve further radiation protection in compliance with legislative requirements. (authors)

40

The factor structure of the twelve item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12): the result of negative phrasing?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is used routinely as a unidimensional measure of psychological morbidity. Many factor-analytic studies have reported that the GHQ-12 has two or three dimensions, threatening its validity. It is possible that these 'dimensions' are the result of the wording of the GHQ-12, namely its division into positively phrased (PP) and negatively phrased (NP) statements about mood states. Such 'method effects' introduce...

Hankins Matthew

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

FAPIG's activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Analytical results of questionnaire executed at organized visits to nuclear power stations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The First Atomic Power Industry Group (FAPIG) organized eighteenth visit of woman employees to nuclear power stations. They would have few chance of such a visit and to unfamiliar with mechanism of nuclear power generation as well as radiation and radioactivity. Participants were required to have a lecture on energy in general and basic understanding of nuclear energy and then had a visit to nuclear power stations to learn nuclear energy as correct knowledge. They also filled out the same questionnaire before the lecture and after the visit to express their ideas or comments on nuclear energy. This paper described analytical results of the questionnaire and significance of the organized visit for public acceptance of nuclear energy. (T. Tanaka)

42

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala de Gravidade de Crises (EGC) (Seizure Severity Questionnaire) com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A autora da escala concedeu...

Tatiana Indelicato da Silva; Neide Barreira Alonso; Auro Mauro Azevedo; Ana Carolina Westphal-Guitti; Rosa Cristina Vaz Pedroso Migliorini; Carolina Mattos Marques; Luís Otavio Sales Ferreira Caboclo; Américo Ceiki Sakamoto; Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian

2006-01-01

43

Role of motivation in artistic gymnastics by results of a questionnaire based international survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The hardest part of coaching work is the psychological preparation of athletes and gymnasts, where the aim is to achieve higher performance. Motivation – as the driving force of our actions – has an increased role in preparing the gymnasts, as during trainings they have to solve more complicated, more difficult tasks than in their everyday lives. A strong motivational driving force is essential to perform the high level gymnastic exercises and to practice them daily. In our inquiry we wanted to find out how much the questioned 152 foreign gymnastics coaches find motivation important and improvable. It was also a question if it is necessary to develop motivation in order to reach new aims or if the genetic level that was brought along is enough. Our results show that it is necessary to develop and reinforce motivation continuously to reach higher performances. Use of educational methods have important roles in doing so, which help to determine the long term and short term main goals and sub-aims – as a motivation.

ISTVÁN MUNKÁCSI

2012-03-01

44

Why German farmers have their animals vaccinated against Bluetongue virus serotype 8: results of a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to the Bluetongue disease epidemic in 2006-2007, Germany started in 2008 a country-wide mandatory vaccination campaign. By 2009 the number of new outbreaks had decreased so that vaccination became voluntary in 2010. We conducted a questionnaire survey in cattle and sheep farms in three German federal states, namely North-Rhine Westphalia, Rhineland Palatinate and Saxony-Anhalt to estimate the vaccination uptake in 2010, the intention to vaccinate in 2011 and the main determinants of refusal or acceptance to do so. The results showed that 42.8% (40.6-45.1) of the cattle farmers and 33.8% (31.8-35.8) of the sheep farmers had their animals vaccinated in 2010, whereas 40.7% (38.5-43.0) of cattle and 37.93% (35.8-40.1) sheep farmers expressed their intention to vaccinate in 2011. The main reasons mentioned for having animals vaccinated against BTV-8 were ability to export animals, prevention of production losses, subsidized vaccination, and recommendation by the veterinarian. Motives for refusing vaccination were presumed low risk of infection, costs, absence of clinical BT symptoms, presumed negative cost-benefit ratio, and negative experience with previous vaccination events (side effects). We assume that in order to increase farmers' motivation to have their animals immunized against BTV-8, (1) the vaccination needs to be subsidized, (2) combined vaccines with several different BT serotypes or even other diseases should be available and (3) farmers need to be better informed about the safety and benefit of vaccination. PMID:25454856

Gethmann, J; Zilow, V; Probst, C; Elbers, A R W; Conraths, F J

2015-01-01

45

FAPIG's activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Analytical results of questionnaire executed at organized visits to nuclear power stations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The First Atomic Power Industry Group (FAPIG) has organized visits to nuclear power plants every November since 1989 as part of its activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Visitors were mainly ladies from related companies who had no chance to visit nuclear power plants and were unfamiliar with mechanisms of nuclear power plants and radiation and/or radioactivity. After lectures on overview of energy general and basis of nuclear energy, visits to nuclear power plants had been conducted to understand nuclear energy in the right way. Questionnaire answered before and after the visits were analyzed to obtain significance and results of the activities. (T. Tanaka)

46

Industrial policy and social strategy at the corporate level in Poland : questionnaire results  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents results from a survey of industrial policy of the state and the social security system at the corporate level in Poland. Previous reports in this area indicated preferable directions of research to be taken in order to prove various hypotheses of the purposefulness of an integral approach to industrial policy and social security in the analysis of economic processes in transition (see Weikard 1997). This paper summarises the results and draws conclusions from a questionnai...

Bednarski, Marek; Kurowski, Piotr

1999-01-01

47

Astronomy Diagnostic Test Results Reflect Course Goals and Show Room for Improvement  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of administering the Astronomy Diagnostic Test (ADT) to introductory astronomy students at Henry Ford Community College over three years have shown gains comparable with national averages. Results have also accurately corresponded to course goals, showing greater gains in topics covered in more detail, and lower gains in topics covered…

LoPresto, Michael C.

2007-01-01

48

Use of the Italian version of the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire in the daily practice: results of a prospective study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL of patients. Among the numerous questionnaires aiming at evaluating asthma HRQL in children, the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ has proved to have good measurement properties. The present study was aimed at investigating the possible role of the Italian, self-administered version of the PAQLQ in the routine clinical evaluation of children affected by bronchial asthma. Methods 52 Italian children and adolescents (40 males and 12 females, aged 6 to 17 years, affected by allergic asthma, were enrolled. Each patient was evaluated twice, and at each visit asthma control and severity were assessed, spirometry was performed and the patients completed the self-administered version of the PAQLQ. Results The questionnaire was well-accepted and understood by the children. Children showed an overall good quality of life, with mild impairment in the activity and emotional function domains. The PAQLQ showed an overall good correlation with the clinical and functional indexes that are normally evaluated in follow-up visits of asthmatic patients. The PAQLQ appeared to be strongly related to asthma control, both at the first (p 1. Finally, the PAQLQ does not appear to discriminate HRQL in patients with good lung function. Conclusion The Italian version of the PAQLQ is a quick-to-administer aid to clinical activity and can add valuable information to symptom reports, objective measurements and clinical assessment of asthma control and severity in daily clinical practice. Re-administration at each follow-up visit allows HRQL to be monitored over time.

Bendandi Barbara

2009-05-01

49

The Effects of Quality Management Practices on Key Results: questionnaires sample for the industry of tourist accommodation in Spain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research work, we examine the direct and indirect effects of quality management practices on key results and we identify the relationship between quality practices. To achieve the proposed objective, a structural model was used, taking into account the previous review of the literature, in order to identify the quality practices and causal relationships with the key results. The theoretical model and hypotheses are tested using data collected from a sample of 186 tourist accommodation companies certified with the “Q for Tourist Quality” standard in Spain, from a questionnaire based on quality practices identified in the literature and on the EFQM Model, taking some of the most relevant scales as a reference. The methodology used consists of the application of an Exploratory and Confirmatory Factorial Analysis to validate the scales (reliability, one-dimensionality and validity and define the number of items of each of the measuring instruments of the constructs proposed, to then estimate the causal model proposed, proceeding to test the hypotheses formulated by using the Structural Equation Model (SEM technique. The results achieved support the relationship between quality practices and the direct and positive impact of two of the practices, processes management and quality policy/planning, on the key results. It was also observed that the quality practices that most influence key results are quality policy/planning along with leadership, when considering the total effects (direct and indirect.

José Álvarez García

2014-12-01

50

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

Science.gov (United States)

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence. PMID:23446826

Lotzin, Annett; Kriston, Levente; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Leichsenring, Irina; Ramsauer, Brigitte; Schäfer, Ingo

2013-07-01

51

Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. Objective: Check the sensitivity and specificities of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect different degrees of hearing impairments in the studied people. Method: Retrospective study with 51 individuals aged between 18 and 88, who filled out the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S questionnaires at the waiting room of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS's otorhinolaryngology infirmary. Results: The instruments showed a low sensitivity (47%, not identifying individuals with a hearing loss; however, they showed a high specificity (75%, accurately identifying individuals with no hearing disorder. Moreover, no significant association between the degree of hearing loss and the constraint degree for participation was found. Conclusion: the aforementioned questionnaires revealed a low sensitivity and a high specificity, proving to be ineffective for auditory screenings in a group with previous hearing complaints in addition to being unable to detect different types and degrees of hearing impairment.

Menegotto, Isabela Hoffmeister

2011-07-01

52

Determinants of patient satisfaction with hospital health care in psychiatry: results based on the SATISPSY-22 questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Xavier Y Zendjidjian,1,2 Pascal Auquier,1 Christophe Lançon,1,3 Anderson Loundou,1 Nathalie Parola,4 Melanie Faugère,3 Laurent Boyer1 1Aix-Marseille University, Public Health, Chronic Diseases and Quality of Life, Research Unit, Marseille, France; 2Department of Psychiatry, Inpatient Psychiatric Unit, La Conception University Hospital, Marseille, France; 3Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatric Public Sector 6, 4Department of Addictology, Day Hospital, Sainte-Marguerite University Hospital, Marseille, France Background: The aim of our study was to identify patient- and care-related factors that are associated with patients’ satisfaction with psychiatric hospital care, using a specific, self-administered questionnaire based exclusively on the patient’s point of view: the Satisfaction with Psychiatry Care Questionnaire-22 (SATISPSY-22.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the psychiatric departments of two French public university teaching hospitals. The data collected included sociodemographic information, clinical characteristics, care characteristics, and the SATISPSY-22. A multivariate analysis using multiple linear regressions was performed to determine the variables potentially associated with satisfaction levels.Results: Two hundred seventy patients were enrolled in our study. Only one moderate association was found between satisfaction and sociodemographic characteristics: the personal experience dimension with age (ß=0.15. Clinical improvement was moderately associated with higher global satisfaction (ß=–0.15, higher satisfaction with quality of care (ß=–0.19, and higher satisfaction with food (ß=–0.18. Stronger associations with satisfaction were found for care characteristics, particularly the therapeutic alliance with all of the satisfaction dimensions (ß, 0.20–0.43 except food, and for seclusion with global satisfaction (ß=–0.33 and personal experience (ß=–0.32. Patients with previous hospitalization also had a higher level of satisfaction with quality of care compared with patients who were admitted for the first time (ß=–0.15.Conclusion: This study has identified a number of potential determinants of satisfaction. The therapeutic relationship and seclusion were the most important features associated with a patient’s satisfaction. These factors might be amenable through intervention, which, in turn, might be expected to improve satisfaction, patients’ management, and health outcomes in psychiatric hospitals. Keywords: satisfaction, determinants, inpatient, hospital, psychiatry

Zendjidjian XY

2014-10-01

53

Survey of breast cancer screening by mammography. Results of a questionnaire sent to local self-governing bodies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to grasp the current status of breast cancer screening in Japan, a questionnaire was distributed to all local self-governing bodies (LSGB). The results indicated that breast cancer screening with mammography was performed by 97.9% of LSGB. Breast cancer screening was started for women aged less than 40 years at 11.9% of the LSGB, and from 40 years of age at 86.8%. Breast cancer screening for women aged 30-39 years was performed at 51.2% of the LSGB. The proportions of studies involving palpation, mammography, and ultrasonography (US) were 34.0%, 24.5%, and 41.6%, respectively. The coverage of screening invitations between April 2006 and March 2007 was grasped at 94.7% of LSGB. At 23.2%, the coverage was less than 10%, and at 33.8% was 10-19.9%. At 7.1%, the coverage was 50% or more. The national average for coverage was 10%, and was especially low in large cities. The recall rate for LSBG between April 2006 and March 2007 was 85.2%. At 22.4% of the LSBG, recall rates were less than 5%, and at 15.6% the recall rates were 50% or more. Screening mammography for women aged 30-39 years needs to be examined in the future. When recall rates exceed 20%, it is necessary to re-examine the accuracy management of breast cancer screening. (author)

54

The results of questionnaire on quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was done by working group under the cooperation between Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine and Japanese Circulation Society. We evaluated the usefulness of quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure by the results of questionnaire. Forty-nine (72.1%) of 68 selected institutions participated in this study. The incidence of MIBG myocardial scintigraphy used in heart failure was 41.1%. The imaging protocol was mostly done by both planar and SPECT at 15 min and 3.6 hr after intravenous injection of 111 MBq of MIBG. The quantitative assessment was mostly done by heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rate analysis based on planar imaging. The mean normal value of H/M ratio were 2.34{+-}0.36, and 2.49{+-}0.40, at early and delayed images, respectively. The normal value of washout rate was 27.74{+-}5.34%. On the other hand, those of H/M ratio in heart failure were 1.87{+-}0.27, and 1.75{+-}0.24, at early and delayed images, respectively. That of washout rate was 42.30{+-}6.75%. These parameters were very useful for the evaluation of heart failure. In conclusion, MIBG myocardial scintigraphy was widely used for not only early detection and severity assessment, but also indication for therapy and prognosis evaluation in heart failure patients. (author)

Nishimura, Tsunehiko [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Medical school; Sugishita, Yasurou; Sasaki, Yasuhito

1997-12-01

55

The results of questionnaire on quantitative assessment of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was done by working group under the cooperation between Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine and Japanese Circulation Society. We evaluated the usefulness of quantitative assessment of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure by the results of questionnaire. Forty-nine (72.1%) of 68 selected institutions participated in this study. The incidence of MIBG myocardial scintigraphy used in heart failure was 41.1%. The imaging protocol was mostly done by both planar and SPECT at 15 min and 3.6 hr after intravenous injection of 111 MBq of MIBG. The quantitative assessment was mostly done by heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rate analysis based on planar imaging. The mean normal value of H/M ratio were 2.34±0.36, and 2.49±0.40, at early and delayed images, respectively. The normal value of washout rate was 27.74±5.34%. On the other hand, those of H/M ratio in heart failure were 1.87±0.27, and 1.75±0.24, at early and delayed images, respectively. That of washout rate was 42.30±6.75%. These parameters were very useful for the evaluation of heart failure. In conclusion, MIBG myocardial scintigraphy was widely used for not only early detection and severity assessment, but also indication for therapy and prognosis evaluation in heart failure patients. (author)

56

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1–2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lacking in many individuals, leading to wrong behavior at work and insufficient use of skin protection and skin care products.

Große-Schütte, Katja

2011-01-01

57

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1–2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lac...

Große-schu?tte, Katja; Assadian, Ojan; Hu?bner, Nils-olaf; Lo?ffler, Harald; Kramer, Axel

2011-01-01

58

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1-2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lacki...

Große-schu?tte, K.; Assadian, O.; Hu?bner, No; Lo?ffler, H.; Kramer, A.

2011-01-01

59

The factor structure of the twelve item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: the result of negative phrasing?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 is used routinely as a unidimensional measure of psychological morbidity. Many factor-analytic studies have reported that the GHQ-12 has two or three dimensions, threatening its validity. It is possible that these 'dimensions' are the result of the wording of the GHQ-12, namely its division into positively phrased (PP and negatively phrased (NP statements about mood states. Such 'method effects' introduce response bias which should be taken into account when deriving and interpreting factors. Methods GHQ-12 data were obtained from the 2004 cohort of the Health Survey for England (N = 3705. Following exploratory factor analysis (EFA, the goodness of fit indices of one, two and three factor models were compared with those of a unidimensional model specifying response bias on the NP items, using structural equation modelling (SEM. The hypotheses were (1 the variance of the responses would be significantly higher for NP items than for PP items because of response bias, and (2 that the modelling of response bias would provide the best fit for the data. Results Consistent with previous reports, EFA suggested a two-factor solution dividing the items into NP and PP items. The variance of responses to the NP items was substantially and significantly higher than for the PP items. The model incorporating response bias was the best fit for the data on all indices (RMSEA = 0.068, 90%CL = 0.064, 0.073. Analysis of the frequency of responses suggests that the response bias derives from the ambiguity of the response options for the absence of negative mood states. Conclusion The data are consistent with the GHQ-12 being a unidimensional scale with a substantial degree of response bias for the negatively phrased items. Studies that report the GHQ-12 as multidimensional without taking this response bias into account risk interpreting the artefactual factor structure as denoting 'real' constructs, committing the methodological error of reification. Although the GHQ-12 seems unidimensional as intended, the presence of such a large response bias should be taken into account in the analysis of GHQ-12 data.

Hankins Matthew

2008-04-01

60

Summary of results of the patient exposures in diagnostic radiography in 2011 questionnaire. Focus on radiographic conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We carried out a questionnaire survey to research on radiographic conditions in 3000 institutes. We discussed on radiographic conditions to estimate patient exposures. The collection rate was 24.7%. Most of the institutes shifted to the use of high-voltage generator, digital devices, and filmless equipment. We did not see a shift in this survey of radiographic conditions compared with the 2007 survey. (author)

 
 
 
 
61

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

62

Stem cells show promising results for lymphoedema treatment - A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Lymphoedema is a debilitating condition, manifesting in excess lymphatic fluid and swelling of subcutaneous tissues. Lymphoedema is as of yet still an incurable condition and current treatment modalities are not satisfactory. The capacity of mesenchymal stem cells to promote angiogenesis, secrete growth factors, regulate the inflammatory process, and differentiate into multiple cell types make them a potential ideal therapy for lymphoedema. Adipose tissue is the richest and most accessible source of mesenchymal stem cells and they can be harvested, isolated, and used for therapy in a single stage procedure as an autologous treatment. The aim of this paper was to review all studies using mesenchymal stem cells for lymphoedema treatment with a special focus on the potential use of adipose-derived stem cells. A systematic search was performed and five preclinical and two clinical studies were found. Different stem cell sources and lymphoedema models were used in the described studies. Most studies showed a decrease in lymphoedema and an increased lymphangiogenesis when treated with stem cells and this treatment modality has so far shown great potential. The present studies are, however, subject to bias and more preclinical studies and large-scale high quality clinical trials are needed to show if this emerging therapy can satisfy expectations.

Toyserkani, Navid Mohamadpour; Christensen, Marlene Louise

2014-01-01

63

[Sleep-related breathing disorders. Sleep anamnesis questionnaire and determination of clinical results within the framework of staged diagnostics].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleep-related breathing disorders (SBAS) affect approximately 8% of the population of middle aged adults. At the age of 20 years, approximately 10% of the population snore, while at the age of 60 about 50% of men snore. Some 9% of middle aged women and 24% of middle aged men have an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) of >5 (number of nocturnal apnea and hypopnea per hour of sleep). Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is found in 2% of the women and 4% of the men, i.e. they have an AHI>5 associated with daytime sleepiness. Forms, check lists, summaries and patient-readable questionnaires have proved helpful in the evaluation of SBAS. PMID:16211411

Fischer, Y; Neagos, A; Pirsig, W

2005-11-01

64

Feasibility, understandability, and usefulness of the STEP self-rating questionnaire: results of a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thomas Frese, Susanne Hein, Hagen SandholzerDepartment of Primary Care of the Leipzig Medical School, Leipzig, GermanyAbstract: The study was designed to evaluate the acceptance of the self-rated version of the Standardized Assessment of Elderly People in primary care in Europe (STEP by patients and general practitioners, as well as the feasibility, comprehensibility, and usefulness in gaining new information. In all, 1007 of 1540 patients aged 65 and above, from 28 different Saxon general practices took part. We recognized that 96% of the patients were able to fill in the questionnaire by themselves. It took them an average of approximately 20 minutes to do so. Further analysis of 257 randomly selected patients identified 281 previously unknown problems (1.1 per patient. In the practitioners’ opinion, 16% of these problems, particularly physiological and mental ones, could lead to immediate consequences. Remarkably, newly identified psychosocial problems were not followed by any consequences. Fourteen of the 75 questionnaire items were not answered by more than 9% of the participants. Eight of the 14 frequently unanswered items were marked as difficult to understand by the patients. Altogether the self-rating version of the STEP was found to be feasible and useful. It was well accepted among patients; however, some questions need further review to improve their comprehensibility. Furthermore, it should be investigated why some identified problems do not have consequences and whether there is a need to record these issues at all.Keywords: general practice, primary care, geriatric assessment, health-related problems

Frese T

2013-05-01

65

Lung cancer trial results show mortality benefit with low-dose CT:  

Science.gov (United States)

The NCI has released initial results from a large-scale test of screening methods to reduce deaths from lung cancer by detecting cancers at relatively early stages. The National Lung Screening Trial, a randomized national trial involving more than 53,000 current and former heavy smokers ages 55 to 74, compared the effects of two screening procedures for lung cancer -- low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) and standard chest X-ray -- on lung cancer mortality and found 20 percent fewer lung cancer deaths among trial participants screened with low-dose helical CT.

66

Updated clinical results show experimental agent ibrutinib as highly active in CLL patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Updated results from a Phase Ib/II clinical trial led by the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute indicates that a novel therapeutic agent for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is highly active and well tolerated in patients who have relapsed and are resistant to other therapy. The agent, ibrutinib (PCI-32765), is the first drug designed to target Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a protein essential for CLL-cell survival and proliferation. CLL is the most common form of leukemia, with about 15,000 new cases annually in the U.S. About 4,400 Americans die of the disease each year.

67

International gene therapy trial for 'bubble boy' disease shows promising early results  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers reported promising outcomes data for the first group of boys with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID-X1), a fatal genetic immunodeficiency also known as "bubble boy" disease, who were treated as part of an international clinical study of a new form of gene therapy. The mechanism used to deliver the gene therapy is designed to prevent the serious complication of leukemia that arose a decade ago in a similar trial in Europe, when one-quarter of boys treated developed the blood cancer. Researchers from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute presented the study results annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology, on behalf of the Transatlantic Gene Therapy Consortium.

68

Regional Trial Results Show Wheat Yield Declining in the Eastern Gangetic Plains Of South Asia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A study was undertaken at 9 to 11 sites in seven years (2000-2006 in the Eastern Gangetic Plains (EGP to examine yield trend through optimum managed wheat crop in the region using 21 experimental lines and four checks (Bhrikuti, PBW343, Kanchan and Sonalika. Data on grain yield, 1000-kernel weight (TKW, spot blotch severity, maturity and plant height were analyzed. Trend analysis revealed decreasing trend in grain yield and TKW. Spot blotch (Cochliobolus sativus severity has increased over this period. Results indicate an effect of spot blotch severity on the reductions in grain yield and TKW. These findings have direct implications for developing strategies to improve wheat yields in the EGP region.

R.C. Sharma

2007-01-01

69

Results From Mars Show Electrostatic Charging of the Mars Pathfinder Sojourner Rover  

Science.gov (United States)

Indirect evidence (dust accumulation) has been obtained indicating that the Mars Pathfinder rover, Sojourner, experienced electrostatic charging on Mars. Lander camera images of the Sojourner rover provide distinctive evidence of dust accumulation on rover wheels during traverses, turns, and crabbing maneuvers. The sol 22 (22nd Martian "day" after Pathfinder landed) end-of-day image clearly shows fine red dust concentrated around the wheel edges with additional accumulation in the wheel hubs. A sol 41 image of the rover near the rock "Wedge" (see the next image) shows a more uniform coating of dust on the wheel drive surfaces with accumulation in the hubs similar to that in the previous image. In the sol 41 image, note particularly the loss of black-white contrast on the Wheel Abrasion Experiment strips (center wheel). This loss of contrast was also seen when dust accumulated on test wheels in the laboratory. We believe that this accumulation occurred because the Martian surface dust consists of clay-sized particles, similar to those detected by Viking, which have become electrically charged. By adhering to the wheels, the charged dust carries a net nonzero charge to the rover, raising its electrical potential relative to its surroundings. Similar charging behavior was routinely observed in an experimental facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center, where a Sojourner wheel was driven in a simulated Martian surface environment. There, as the wheel moved and accumulated dust (see the following image), electrical potentials in excess of 100 V (relative to the chamber ground) were detected by a capacitively coupled electrostatic probe located 4 mm from the wheel surface. The measured wheel capacitance was approximately 80 picofarads (pF), and the calculated charge, 8 x 10(exp -9) coulombs (C). Voltage differences of 100 V and greater are believed sufficient to produce Paschen electrical discharge in the Martian atmosphere. With an accumulated net charge of 8 x 10(exp -9) C, and average arc time of 1 msec, arcs can also occur with estimated arc currents approaching 10 milliamperes (mA). Discharges of this magnitude could interfere with the operation of sensitive electrical or electronic elements and logic circuits. Sojourner rover wheel tested in laboratory before launch to Mars. Before launch, we believed that the dust would become triboelectrically charged as it was moved about and compacted by the rover wheels. In all cases observed in the laboratory, the test wheel charged positively, and the wheel tracks charged negatively. Dust samples removed from the laboratory wheel averaged a few ones to tens of micrometers in size (clay size). Coarser grains were left behind in the wheel track. On Mars, grain size estimates of 2 to 10 mm were derived for the Martian surface materials from the Viking Gas Exchange Experiment. These size estimates approximately match the laboratory samples. Our tentative conclusion for the Sojourner observations is that fine clay-sized particles acquired an electrostatic charge during rover traverses and adhered to the rover wheels, carrying electrical charge to the rover. Since the Sojourner rover carried no instruments to measure this mission's onboard electrical charge, confirmatory measurements from future rover missions on Mars are desirable so that the physical and electrical properties of the Martian surface dust can be characterized. Sojourner was protected by discharge points, and Faraday cages were placed around sensitive electronics. But larger systems than Sojourner are being contemplated for missions to the Martian surface in the foreseeable future. The design of such systems will require a detailed knowledge of how they will interact with their environment. Validated environmental interaction models and guidelines for the Martian surface must be developed so that design engineers can test new ideas prior to cutting hardware. These models and guidelines cannot be validated without actual flighata. Electrical charging of vehicles and, one day, astronauts moving across t

Kolecki, Joseph C.; Siebert, Mark W.

1998-01-01

70

Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario CAGE para consumo abusivo de alcohol: resultados de tres análisis Psychometric Properties of the CAGE Questionnaire for Alcohol Abuse: Results of Three Analyses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: El cuestionario CAGE es el instrumento más usado para identificar el consumo abusivo de alcohol; pero no se conocen muchas de sus propiedades psicométricas en los adultos colombianos. Objetivo: Determinar la consistencia interna del cuestionario CAGE en fumadores y no fumadores adultos que informaron consumo de alcohol durante el último mes y conocer el comportamiento psicométrico frente a una entrevista clínica estructurada en un grupo de adultos fumadores de la población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnóstica en tres grupos de la población general. Se determinó la consistencia interna mediante la fórmula 20 de Kuder-Richardson y las propiedades frente a una entrevista clínica en un subgrupo de fumadores (sensibilidad, especifcidad, valores predictivos, razones de probabilidad, kappa de Cohen y área bajo la curva ROC. Resultados: La consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,753 y 0,834. En fumadores, para el punto de corte de 2, la sensibilidad fue 66,7% (IC95%: 38,8-87,0; la especifcidad, 86,0% (IC95%: 73,7-93,3; el valor predictivo positivo, 55,6% (IC95%: 31,3-77,6; el valor predictivo negativo, 90,7% (IC95%: 78,9-96,5; la razón de probabilidad positiva, 4,8; la razón de probabilidad negativa, 0,39; la kappa media de Cohen, 0,490 (IC95%: 0,253-0,727, y el área bajo la curva ROC, 0,805 (IC95%: 0,680-0,929. Conclusiones: El cuestionario CAGE muestra aceptable consistencia interna y modestas propiedades cuando se compara con una entrevista clínica en personas fumadoras.Introduction: The CAGE questionnaire is the scale most commonly used to identify abusive use of alcohol; however, many of its psychometric properties in the Colombian adult population are unknown. Objective: To determine the in-ternal consistency of the CAGE questionnaire among adult smokers and non-smokers who reported alcohol drinking within the last month, as well as its psychometric properties when compared with a structured clinical interview in a group of smokers from the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A validation study was designed for three groups within the general population. Internal consistency was calculated with Kuder-Richardson coeffcient, and the psychometric properties (sensitivity, specifcity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, Cohen’s kappa and area under receiver operating characteristic curve were computed when CAGE was compared with a structured clinical interview among a sub-group of smokers. Results: The internal consistency was between 0.753 and 0.834. Among smokers, for the best cutoff point (2/4, the sensitivity was 66.7% (95%CI: 38.8-87.0; specifcity, 86.0% (95%CI: 73.7-93.3; positive predictive value, 55.6% (95%CI: 31.3-77.6; negative predictive value, 90.7% (95%CI: 78.9-96.5; positive likelihood ratio, 4.8; negative likelihood ratio, 0.39; Cohen’s kappa, 0.490 (95%CI: 0.253-0.727; and area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.805 (95%CI: 0.680-0.929. Conclusions: The CAGE questionnaire presents acceptable internal consistency, although among smokers it shows modest properties when compared with a clinical interview.

Adalberto Campo-Arias

2009-06-01

71

Does organic food intervention in the Danish schools lead to change dietary patterns? : results of a web based questionnaire survey among Danish school food coordinatorsR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for the growing prevalence of obese and overweight children. Schools are well suited setting for the learning of children and young people, and this influence has the potential to play an important role in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. The school at the same time is the focus of public organic food supply strategies as well as the focus of innovation strategies that can increase the availability of healthier food options. These strategies in some cases go hand in hand. The purpose of this research was to examine whether organic food intervention strategies in school meal system could support the development of healthier eating patterns among children and adolescents. An important precondition for this is that the food environment becomes supportive for such eating. In the current study this was determined through the comparisons between the food strategies of “organic” school to that of “non organic” schools in Denmark.Provision of meals in Danish schools in not compulsory and function as an “value adding service” that schools and municipalities can decide on locally. Therefore the study was undertaken u among school food coordinators in selected Danish primary schools that was known to provide school meals. The study was conducted by means of a web-based questionnaire. The data shows the relations regarding the school food service between different types of schools, and also based on the ways and methods of food provision. Results indicate that organic food intervention strategies can be supportive for strategies that increase the healthiness of school eating environments. This eventually might play a positive role in the efforts done to counteract the development of obesity and overweight issues among the children in these selected Danish schools.

He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2010-01-01

72

Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. Objective: Check the sensitivity and specificities of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect different degrees of hear...

Menegotto, Isabela Hoffmeister; Soldera, Cristina Loureiro Chaves; Anderle, Paula; Anhaia, Tanise Cristaldo

2011-01-01

73

The results of a questionnaire survey for current diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, detection rate of DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ) has gradually increased because mammography screening has been prevailed among 40's in Japan and stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for nonpalpable lesion had been approved under Government Health Insurance since April, 2004. We performed nationwide survey for DCIS. It showed detection rate of DCIS in 2005 was 10.9%. Breast conserving surgery was performed 65% among DCIS cases. Lymphnode dissection was done for 27.2% of total cases. Sentinel node biopsy is one of the key procedures to avoid unnecessary axillary dissection. The indication of postoperative radiation and hormone therapy should be clarified based on clinical trials in the near future. (author)

74

Categorization of level of secondary exposure of personnel engaged in radiation emergency medicine, based on the results of an informed questionnaire (a proposal of the Meyasu level)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fear or anxiety against radiation exposure is a major concern of personnel engaged in radiation emergency medicine, and anxiety is strengthened when they do not know the magnitude of the exposure. They are often not so familiar to ionizing radiation itself nor name of unit. Therefore, it is crucial to provide a system that the size of exposure of the personnel can be predicted and its information will be notified plainly. Firstly, we surveyed 885 persons who are the crew of ambulance, nurses and medical doctors of emergency medicine, and supporting stuff in the hospital, polices, Japanese defense forces etc to know their acceptable level of exposure. Biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiological protection criteria were given before to fill in the questionnaire, then asked to choose the acceptable level of radiation to oneself who might undergo radiation emergency medicine. Analyzed result showed that more than 65 per cent of the people accepted exposure of 1 mSv in the occasion of treating radio-contaminated patient. Female people were more sensitive to radiation fear than male, younger persons under 30 years old and older people over 60 years old were also more sensitive. Then we decided to propose a categorization system of exposure to personnel using time reaching to the accepted level of 1 mSv, instead of using the radiation unit. This system intends to notify the secondary exposure from the contaminated patient to the personnel. They can afford to trnt to the personnel. They can afford to treat the patient with enough time by the radio-contaminated patient. We call this categorization system as 'Meyasu levels (Japanese word, means 'rough estimation')'. When the radiation level measured at 10 cm from the contaminated area does not exceed 1 Micro-Sv per hour , which we call 'level 1'. Level 2 is designated to 100 hrs and not exceed 10 Micro-Sv/per hour at 10 cm, and so forth. We provided color tag similar to the triage tag being used in the disaster medicine. The tag does not inform the magnitude of exposure of the patient but informs that of personnel. (author)

75

Actual status of application of radiation medicare fee to outpatients. Results of questionnaire by Japanese society for therapeutic radiology and oncology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fee in the title was newly enacted in 2012 by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and the concerned society (JASTRO, in the title) conducted the questionnaire to investigate the actual application status of the fee in the early September. The questionnaire was sent to 160 delegates of JASTRO, and 90 (56.3%) of whom replied within the month. Their facilities had av. 389 (40-1,040) outpatients. Results revealed that the system, although it had been newly established, was widely recognized by as many as 97.8% of radiological expert doctors. Most doctors reported the difficulty, confusion and, especially in those with >5 years experience of radiation therapy who had to examine the patient, increased load for actual application of the system, and wished the improvement of prerequisite items like the strict periodic once weekly examination of patients and concurrent method of fee computation. They thought that even several-day gap could be occasionally allowed for the weekly examination and observation of patients (93.3% of doctors) for their safety maintenance, and less experienced expert doctors could do the works if only under the supervision of experienced doctor (83.3%). The created system was favorably accepted since the doctors thought the fee could contribute to future progress of radiation therapy. Doctors' wishes above should be taken in consideration at the chance of revising the system. (T.T.)

76

Seminar-Results of questionnaires  

CERN Document Server

Le Prof.Rousseau qui a mené avec son équipe l'enquète auprès du personnel du Cern explique et montre comment on prépare une telle enquête p.ex. pour une politique du personnel et qu'est-ce qu'on peut attendre. Le Prof. Rousseau qui avait au départ une formation d'économiste, est maintenant Prof. de psychologie du travail à l'Université de Neuchâtel et passait aussi plusieurs années à Montreal. Ensuite il a travaillé dans l'industrie et donné des cours dans différentes universités, tout en étant consultant dans l'industrie, toujours pour des questions du personnel.

Rousseau

1983-01-01

77

Psychological impact, support and information needs for women with an abnormal Pap smear: comparative results of a questionnaire in three European countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Extensive information on cervical cancer is currently available. Its effectiveness in reducing anxiety in women receiving abnormal Pap tests is not clear. We investigated current practices of communicating abnormal Pap results to evaluate women's reactions and determine the sources of information they use subsequently. Methods A self-administered questionnaire-based study was performed in 1475 women in France, Spain and Portugal who had received an abnormal Pap smear result in the 12 months prior to completing the questionnaire. Questions covered methods of communication of the result, emotional reactions, support received (from the physician and entourage, and information sources, using pre-specified check box options and rating scales. Data were analyzed by country. Results Pap test results were mostly communicated by phone to Spanish women (76%, while physician letters were common in France (59% and Portugal (36%. Frequent reactions were anxiety, panic and stress, which were less common in Spanish women than their French and Portuguese counterparts. After discussing with their physician, half of the participants were worried, despite rating highly the psychological support received. Over 90% of women in each country discussed their results with family or friends. Partners provided a high level of support. Overall, the abnormal diagnosis and consequences had a low to medium impact on daily, professional and family life and their relationships with their partner. Impact was higher in Spanish women than the French or Portuguese. Information on the diagnosis and its treatment was rated average, and nearly 80% of participants wanted more information, notably French women. Preferred sources were the physician and the Internet. Conclusions Women expressed a strong wish for more information about cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases, and that their physician play a major role in its provision and in support. There was a heavy reliance on the close entourage and the Internet for information, highlighting the need for dissemination of accurate material. Differences between countries suggest information management strategies may need to be tailored to different geographical regions.

Jorge Anna

2011-05-01

78

The Survey Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

79

Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of life is a multidimensional construct composed of functional, physical, emotional, social and spiritual well-being. In order to examine how patients with severe diseases view the impact of spirituality and religiosity on their health and how they cope with illness, we have developed the SpREUK questionnaire. We deliberately avoided the intermingling of attitudes, convictions and practices, and thus addressed the distinct forms and frequencies of spiritual/religious practices in an additional manual, the SpREUK-P questionnaire. Methods The SpREUK-P was designed to differentiate spiritual, religious, existentialistic and philosophical practices. It was tested in a sample of 354 German subjects (71% women; 49.0 ± 12.5 years. Half of them were healthy controls, while among the patients cancer was diagnosed in 54%, multiple sclerosis in 22%, and other chronic diseases in 23%. Reliability and factor analysis of the inventory were performed according to the standard procedures. Results We confirmed the structure and consistency of the previously described 18-item SpREUK-P manual and improved the quality of the current construct by adding several new items. The new 25-item SpREUK-P 1.1 (Cronbach's alpha = 0.8517 has the following scales: (1 conventional religious practice (CRP, (2 existentialistic practice (ExP, (3 unconventional spiritual practice (USP, (4 nature/environment-oriented practice (NoP, and (5 humanistic practice (HuP. Among the tested individuals, the highest engagement scores were found for HuP and NoP, while the lowest were found for the USP. Women had significantly higher scores for ExP than male patients. With respect to age, the engagement in CRP increases with increasing age, while the engagement in a HuP decreased. Individuals with a Christian orientation and with a religious and spiritual attitude had the highest engagement scores for CRP, while the engagement in an USP was high with respect to a spiritual attitude. Variance analyses confirmed that the SpR attitude and religious affiliation are the main relevant covariates for CRP and ExP, while for the USP the SpR attitude and the educational level are of significance, but not religious affiliation. Patients with multiple sclerosis overall had the lowest engagement scores for all five forms of SpR practice, while it is remarkable that cancer patients had lower scores for HuP and USP than healthy subjects. Conclusion The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK-P questionnaire (Version 1.1 indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of five distinct forms of spiritual, religious and philosophical practice that may be especially useful for assessing the role of spirituality and religiosity in health related research. An advantage of our instruments is the clear-cut differentiation between convictions and attitudes on the one hand, and the expression of these attitudes in a concrete engagement on the other hand.

Matthiessen Peter F

2005-09-01

80

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2 questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD, Brazil, 2008  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,048 households were selected from a stratified sample of all permanent households along the country to be interviewed using the Brazilian SF-36 (version 2. Psychometric tests were performed to evaluate the scaling assumptions based on IQOLA methodology. Results Data quality was satisfactory with questionnaire completion rate of 100%. The ordering of the item means within scales clustered as hypothesized. All item-scale correlations exceeded the suggested criteria for reliability with success rate of 100% and low floor and ceiling effects. All scales reached the criteria for group comparison and factor analysis identified two principal components that jointly accounted for 67.5% of the total variance. Role emotional and vitality were strongly correlated with physical and mental components, respectively, while social functioning was moderately correlated with both components. Role physical and mental health scales were, respectively, the most valid measures of the physical and mental health component. In the comparisons between groups that differed by the presence or absence of depression, subjects who reported having the disease had lower mean scores in all scales and mental health scale discriminated best between the two groups. Among those healthy and with one, two or three and more chronic illness, the average scores were inverted related to the number of diseases. Body pain, general health and vitality were the most discriminating scales between healthy and diseased groups. Higher scores were associated with individuals of male sex, age below 40 years old and high schooling. Conclusions The Brazilian version of SF-36 performed well and the findings suggested that it is a reliable and valid measure of health related quality of life among the general population as well as a promising measure for research on health inequalities in Brazil.

Vasconcellos Miguel M

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
81

Recombinant PNPLA3 protein shows triglyceride hydrolase activity and its I148M mutation results in loss of function.  

Science.gov (United States)

The patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3, also called adiponutrin, ADPN) is a membrane-bound protein highly expressed in the liver. The genetic variant I148M (rs738409) was found to be associated with progression of chronic liver disease. We aimed to establish a protein purification protocol in a yeast system (Pichia pastoris) and to examine the human PNPLA3 enzymatic activity, substrate specificity and the I148M mutation effect. hPNPLA3 148I wild type and 148M mutant cDNA were cloned into P. pastoris expression vectors. Yeast cells were grown in 3L fermentors. PNPLA3 protein was purified from membrane fractions by Ni-affinity chromatography. Enzymatic activity was assessed using radiolabeled substrates. Both 148I wild type and 148M mutant proteins are localized to the membrane. The wild type protein shows a predominant lipase activity with mild lysophosphatidic acid acyl transferase activity (LPAAT) and the I148M mutation results in a loss of function of both these activities. Our data show that PNPLA3 has a predominant lipase activity and I148M mutation results in a loss of function. PMID:24369119

Pingitore, Piero; Pirazzi, Carlo; Mancina, Rosellina M; Motta, Benedetta M; Indiveri, Cesare; Pujia, Arturo; Montalcini, Tiziana; Hedfalk, Kristina; Romeo, Stefano

2014-04-01

82

Do hairdressers in Denmark have their hand eczema reported as an occupational disease? Results from a register-based questionnaire study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background. Occupational hand eczema is common in hairdressers, owing to wet work and chemicals. Objectives. To estimate whether hairdressers in Denmark have their hand eczema reported as an occupational disease and to clarify the reasons for not reporting. Methods. A register-based study was performed, comprising trained hairdressers (n = 7840), using a self-administered postal questionnaire including questions on hand eczema and it being reported as an occupational disease. A response rate of 67.9% (n = 5324) was obtained. Results. Overall, 2186 respondents ever had hand eczema; 71.3% were apprentices at the time of hand eczema onset. The majority (61.9%) had had hand eczema several times and 21.3% (almost) all of the time, but only 20.7% had reported their hand eczema as being occupational to the National Board of Industrial Injuries (Denmark). A positive association between severity of hand eczema and filing a report was found (odds ratio 19.2; 95% confidence interval 8.18-45.06). The main reasons for notreporting were 'I thought it would eventually get better' (40.4%) and 'My doctor didn't tell me it was possible to report it' (26.6%). Conclusions. Hand eczema is considerably under-reported as an occupational disease; the perception of hand eczema among hairdressers and the lack of reporting from doctors are the main reasons for this.

Lysdal, Susan H; SØsted, Heidi

2012-01-01

83

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study, who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7 completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5% than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Trampisch Hans J

2007-11-01

84

Professional radiation exposure in nuclear medicine 2003 and its dependence on various factors - some results of SONS and questionnaire survey in the Czech Republic I  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our study is based on data from the Central Registration System of Occupational Radiation Exposure of the State Office for Nuclear Safety (SONS) and the results of a questionnaire sent to departments of nuclear medicine in Czech Republic. All staff members were equipped with dosimeters evaluated by Czech Personnel Dosimetry Service. Totally , 831 workers in 45 centers were surveyed, of which all responded. Departments were asked to provide information on a classifications of workers into professional groups, annual activities of handled radiopharmaceuticals, number of in vivo examinations and others. In 2003 all departments performed diagnostic procedures in vivo, 99mTc being the most frequent radionuclide eluted daily from 99Mo-99mTc generators purchased periodically. In comparison with this radionuclide much lower activities of 67Ga, 201Tl, 111In, 81mKr and others were consumed. 18F-FDG was delivered only to four departments. An additional workload as to diagnostic in vitro procedures based on 1251 was reported by 18 departments. Therapeutic procedures, besides diagnostic ones, were performed at 35 departments, 9 of them having a ward. Seven departments administered 131I for therapy of thyroid gland diseases. Radionuclide 90Y for radiation synovectomy was applied at 25 institutions, palliative therapy with 89Sr, 153Sm, 186Re a others was carried out at 26 departments, predominantly on the out-patient basis. The mean annual effective dose ?Ei to one staff member at dept. i was calculated as the collective effective dose at department i divided by the number of workers PPi at this workplace. The annual collective effective dose ?Si at all departments was 929.87 man.mSv; total number of monitored workers being 831, the mean effective dose of one person was calculated to be 1.12 mSv. (authors)

85

The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

2008-01-01

86

Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backward linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8. In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example. The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84 for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05. The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was valid and reliable for assessing knowledge regarding child abuse by Portuguese-speaking dentists.

Glaucia Marengo

2013-04-01

87

Validation of the post sleep questionnaire for assessing subjects with restless legs syndrome: results from two double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical trials  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Because of the subjective nature of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) symptoms and the impact of these symptoms on sleep, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) play a prominent role as study endpoints in clinical trials investigating RLS treatments. The objective of this study was to validate a new measure, the Post Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), to assess sleep dysfunction in subjects with moderate-to-severe RLS symptoms. Methods Pooled data were analyzed...

Bharmal Murtuza; Bhanegaonkar Abhijeet; Canafax Daniel M; Calloway Michael

2011-01-01

88

Reception of Talent Shows in Denmark: First Results from a Trans-National Audience Study of a Global Format Genre  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper will discuss the methodology and present the preliminary findings of the Danish part of a trans-national, comparative audience study of the musical talent show genre undertaken in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Great Britain in Spring 2013. Within the international business model of format adaptation, the musical talent show genre has been particularly successful in crossing cultural borders. Formats such as Idols, X Factor and Voice have sold to a large variety of countries, covering all continents. Such global reach inevitably raises the question of the genre’s audience appeal; to what degree its reach has to do with a universal appeal inherent in the genre and/or the innovative character of individual formats, and to what degree its global success is due to local broadcasters’ ability to successfully adapt the formats to local audience tastes. A consensus has developed that television formats to a considerable degree are adapted according to national audiences and, hence, national cultural tastes. And in our research approach, we do recognize that musical talent shows appear to contribute to ‘imagining the nation’ (Anderson 1983), often even mentioning the nation in the title. However, we also take into account that the national perspective needs to be considered critically. First, there are other factors but national culture that determine a local adaptation such as subnational target groups, channel identity, financing or chance incidents. Secondly, it has rightly been argued that within any national television market, especially in the post-broadcast era, a multiplicity of publics co-exists. The aim of the focus groups is therefore to shed light on the complexity of the communal viewing experience, real and imagined, national, sub-national and transnational; of identification, and of the meaning that viewers take from the musical talent show genre.

Jensen, Pia Majbritt

89

Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC): Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC), designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of va...

Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; René Landero Hernández; José Moral de la Rubia

2009-01-01

90

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA

2011-04-01

91

Medicaid incentive programs to encourage healthy behavior show mixed results to date and should be studied and improved.  

Science.gov (United States)

In September 2011 the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services awarded $85 million in grants to ten states to test financial incentive programs to encourage healthy behavior among Medicaid enrollees with chronic diseases. There is little published evidence about the effectiveness of such incentives within the Medicaid program. We evaluated the available research from three earlier Medicaid incentive programs and found mixed results. On the one hand, in Florida only about half of the $41.3 million in available credits was "claimed" by enrollees between 2006 and 2011. On the other, Idaho's incentive program was credited with improving the proportion of children who were up-to-date on well-child visits. Our findings suggest that Medicaid incentive programs should be designed so that enrollees can understand them and so that the incentives are attractive enough to motivate participation. Medicaid incentive programs also should be subject to rigorous evaluation to more clearly establish their effectiveness. PMID:23459728

Blumenthal, Karen J; Saulsgiver, Kathryn A; Norton, Laurie; Troxel, Andrea B; Anarella, Joseph P; Gesten, Foster C; Chernew, Michael E; Volpp, Kevin G

2013-03-01

92

Results from the translation and adaptation of the Iranian Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (I-SF-MPQ: preliminary evidence of its reliability, construct validity and sensitivity in an Iranian pain population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ is one of the most widely used instruments to assess pain. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire for Farsi (the official language of Iran speakers in order to test its reliability and sensitivity. Methods We followed Guillemin's guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related measures, which include forward-backward translations, expert committee meetings, and face validity testing in a pilot group. Subsequently, the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 100 diverse chronic pain patients attending a tertiary pain and rehabilitation clinic. In order to evaluate test-retest reliability, patients completed the questionnaire in the morning and early evening of their first visit. Finally, patients were asked to complete the questionnaire for the third time after completing a standardized treatment protocol three weeks later. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC was used to evaluate reliability. We used principle component analysis to assess construct validity. Results Ninety-two subjects completed the questionnaire both in the morning and in the evening of the first visit (test-retest reliability, and after three weeks (sensitivity to change. Eight patients who did not finish treatment protocol were excluded from the study. Internal consistency was found by Cronbach's alpha to be 0.951, 0.832 and 0.840 for sensory, affective and total scores respectively. ICC resulted in 0.906 for sensory, 0.712 for affective and 0.912 for total pain score. Item to subscale score correlations supported the convergent validity of each item to its hypothesized subscale. Correlations were observed to range from r2 = 0.202 to r2 = 0.739. Sensitivity or responsiveness was evaluated by pair t-test, which exhibited a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (p Conclusion The results of this study indicate that the Iranian version of the SF-MPQ is a reliable questionnaire and responsive to changes in the subscale and total pain scores in Persian chronic pain patients over time.

Adelmanesh Farhad

2011-11-01

93

Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backw [...] ard linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8). In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example). The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84) for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p

Glaucia, Marengo; Ana Paula Borges de, Paola; Fernanda Morais, Ferreira; Eduardo, Pizzatto; Gisele Maria, Correr; Estela Maris, Losso.

2013-04-01

94

Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Therefore preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific instruments to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for children aged 9-12 years which could fill this gap in the literature. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – the conceptualisation, development and testing phase. We used the conceptual model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase we used an iterative process to carefully rephrase existing items used in prior questionnaires such as the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire. To measure pain the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) was included. The testing phase consisted of an iterative method assessing respondent understanding during two pilot tests. In the first pilot test 52 4th grade children filled in the draft version of the YSQ. This was followed by a semi-structured interview two days later designed to obtain the same information ascontained in the YSQ, however, using different semantics and open-ended questions. The revised questionnaire was tested and reviewed a second time at the end of the first pilot test. The second pilot test included 23 children from the 4th grade. It followed similar procedures as the first pilot test but focused mainly on revised versions of the drawings demarcating the spinal areas. Results Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). Correlations between the rFPS and the interview NRS score ranged between 0.71 (cervical spine) and 0.84 (thoracic spine). Agreement between the questionnaire drawings and the interviews of the upper and lower boundaries of the spinal areas were 91.8% for the cervical spine and 67.4% (lumbar spine) and 63.3% (thoracic spine). This resulted in alterations to the drawings. Lastly, as some questions in the second part of the YSQ had a high prevalence of non-responses, it was decided to change question semantics and response options. Conclusion The Young Spine Questionnaire is a novel self-report measure of spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for understanding of content among target respondents, and the results showed acceptable agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings. On the basis of these preliminary results we conclude that the YSQ is a feasible and valid instrument to be used in cross-sectional cohort studies of children aged 9 to 12 years.

Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

95

A Tool for Building Multilingual Voice Questionnaires  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We describe a prototype platform for creating multilingual voice questionnaires. Content is defined using a simple form-based language with units for questions, question-groups and answers; questionnaire definitions are compiled into efficient speech recognition packages and tables, and the resulting applications can be deployed over the web on both desktop and mobile platforms. We sketch our initial questionnaire application, which is designed for gathering information related to availabilit...

Armando, Alejandro; Bouillon, Pierrette; Rayner, Emmanuel; Tsourakis, Nikolaos

2014-01-01

96

"Would you accept having your DNA profile inserted in the National Forensic DNA database? Why?" Results of a questionnaire applied in Portugal.  

Science.gov (United States)

The creation and expansion of forensic DNA databases might involve potential threats to the protection of a range of human rights. At the same time, such databases have social benefits. Based on data collected through an online questionnaire applied to 628 individuals in Portugal, this paper aims to analyze the citizens' willingness to donate voluntarily a sample for profiling and inclusion in the National Forensic DNA Database and the views underpinning such a decision. Nearly one-quarter of the respondents would indicate 'no', and this negative response increased significantly with age and education. The overriding willingness to accept the inclusion of the individual genetic profile indicates an acknowledgement of the investigative potential of forensic DNA technologies and a relegation of civil liberties and human rights to the background, owing to the perceived benefits of protecting both society and the individual from crime. This rationale is mostly expressed by the idea that all citizens should contribute to the expansion of the National Forensic DNA Database for reasons that range from the more abstract assumption that donating a sample for profiling would be helpful in fighting crime to the more concrete suggestion that everyone (criminals and non-criminals) should be in the database. The concerns with the risks of accepting the donation of a sample for genetic profiling and inclusion in the National Forensic DNA Database are mostly related to lack of control and insufficient or unclear regulations concerning safeguarding individuals' data and supervising the access and uses of genetic data. By providing an empirically-grounded understanding of the attitudes regarding willingness to donate voluntary a sample for profiling and inclusion in a National Forensic DNA Database, this study also considers the citizens' perceived benefits and risks of operating forensic DNA databases. These collective views might be useful for the formation of international common ethical standards for the development and governance of DNA databases in a framework in which the citizens' perspectives are taken into consideration. PMID:24315600

Machado, Helena; Silva, Susana

2014-01-01

97

A newly introduced comprehensive consultation fee in the national health insurance system in Japan. A promotive effect of multidisciplinary medical care in the field of radiation oncology. Results from a questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The consultation fee for outpatient radiotherapy was newly introduced in the national health insurance system in Japan in April 2012. We conducted a survey on the use of this consultation fee and its effect on clinical practices. The health insurance committee of the Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology conducted a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire form was mailed to 160 councilors of the Society, the target questionees. A total of 94 answers (58% of the target questionees) sent back were used for analyses. The analyses revealed that 75% of the hospitals charged most of the patients who receive radiotherapy in an outpatient setting a consultation fee. The introduction of the consultation fee led to some changes in radiation oncology clinics, as evidenced by the response of 'more careful observations by medical staff' in 37% of questionees and a 12% increase in the number of full-time radiation oncology nurses. It was also shown that the vast majority (92%) of radiation oncologists expected a positive influence of the consultation fee on radiation oncology clinics in Japan. Our questionnaire survey revealed the present status of the use of a newly introduced consultation fee for outpatient radiotherapy, and the results suggested its possible effect on promoting a multidisciplinary medical care system in radiation oncology departments in Japan. (author)

98

The Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia questionnaire: Development and validation of a new questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire (Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia (GRIX) questionnaire) that has the ability to distinguish between patient-rated xerostomia during day and night and can be used to evaluate the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at prevention of xerostomia in more detail. Materials and methods: All questions in the GRIX were generated from an exhaustive list of relevant questions according to xerostomia as reported in the literature and reported by patients and health care providers. Finally the GRIX was reduced from 56 questions to a 14-item questionnaire, with four subscales; xerostomia during day and night and sticky saliva during day and night. 315 patients filled out 2936 questionnaires and the GRIX was evaluated by calculating Crohnbach's ? for all subscales. Criterion validity was evaluated to compare the GRIX with patient-rated xerostomia scored with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 and physician-rated xerostomia, test-retest analysis and responsiveness were also tested. Results: Crohnbach's ? varied for all subscales between 0.88 and 0.94. The GRIX scored well for criterion-related validity on all subscales with high correlations with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 xerostomia and sticky saliva scale as well with physician-rated toxicity scoring. No significant differences were found between test and retest score and the GRIX showed good responsiveness with different time points for all subscwith different time points for all subscales. Conclusion: The GRIX is a validated questionnaire which can be used in future research focusing on patient-rated xerostomia and sticky saliva during day and night in relation with the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at reduction of xerostomia.

99

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

100

Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQoL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Acromegaly is a chronic disease with an important impact on patients, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL. The ability to effectively measure Health Related Quality of Life is central to describing the impacts of disease or treatment upon the patient, therefore the importance of having a disease specific questionnaire for acromegaly. For the development of the AcroQoL questionnaire different sources of information were used: first a literature search was performed to identify relevant papers describing the impact of acromegaly in HRQoL, second the main domains of impact on HRQoL were identified by 10 experts endocrinologists, and third ten in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in acromegalic patients to identify domains and items related to the self-perceived impact of acromegaly in patients' life. After a proper qualitative analysis a preliminary 38 item questionnaire was obtained. Rasch analysis concluded with a final 22 item questionnaire. The measurement properties (validity and reliability of the resulting final questionnaire were tested and compared using standard procedures (Cronbach's Alpha and item-total correlation. The evaluation of the item parameters confirmed the construct validity of the new instrument. Responsiveness to change was assessed in a small sample of 32 acromegalic patients with active disease in Spain who were administered the AcroQoL and the generic questionnaire EuroQoL 5-D. The results showed a statistically significant relationship between all the dimensions of AcroQoL and the VAS (visual analogic scale of EQ-5D. An improvement in the global score of AcroQoL was related to a global improvement in the VAS of the EQ-5D. Following the current recommended standard methodology the Spanish questionnaire was translated into eleven other languages.

Lara Nuria

2004-02-01

 
 
 
 
101

Calidad de vida y cicatrización en pacientes con úlceras de etiología venosa: Validación del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, versión española (CCVUQ-e y del Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, versión española (PUSH-e. Resultados preliminares Quality of life healing in patints with venous ulcers of etiology: Validation of Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, Spanish version (CCVUQ-e and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, Spanish version (PUSH-e. Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: en España no se dispone de instrumentos de medida específicos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS y de medida de la evolución hacia la cicatrización en pacientes con heridas crónicas, que hayan sido validados mediante la investigación. Disponer de estas herramientas ayudaría a la toma de decisiones y a aumentar la calidad de los cuidados con este tipo de pacientes. Así, los objetivos de este estudio son: a validar y establecer las propiedades psicométricas, en español, del Cuestionario Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e para medir CVRS en pacientes con úlceras venosas (UV y validar y establecer las propiedades clínico-métricas, en español, de la escala Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e en los mismos pacientes y b establecer cuál es la CVRS de los pacientes con UV de la muestra estudiada. Material y método: estudio prospectivo de validación de instrumentos, de medidas repetidas. Se estima una muestra de 105 pacientes seleccionados según el estándar internacional para validación de cuestionarios. Procedimiento: durante un periodo de seis semanas, los pacientes son estudiados cada dos semanas, recogiéndose variables relacionadas con la demografía, situación de la patología, úlceras, datos de la CVRS mediante el cuestionario CCVUQ-e y SF-12 V2, datos del tratamiento recibido y datos de cicatrización mediante la Escala PUSH-e. Análisis: cálculo de los indicadores psicométricos y clínicométricos para medir la validez, fiabilidad y sensibilidad al cambio de los instrumentos de medida. Estadística descriptiva de las variables estudiadas. Comparaciones entre las variables de resultado y las explicativas. Resultados: se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio con datos de 27 pacientes con UV. La muestra recoge todas las características típicas de los pacientes con UV. Preliminarmente, el CCUVQ-e presenta buena consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach > 0,80. La correlación entre el CCVUQ-e y el PUSH-e al inicio fue r = 0,49 (p Introduction: in Spain, there is no specific measurement instruments for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL and to measuring progress towards healing in patients with chronic wounds that have been validated by research. Having these tools will help the decision-making and improve the quality of care to these patients. Thus, the objectives of this study are: to validate and establish the psychometric properties in Spanish, for "Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e" to measure HRQOL in patients with venous ulcers (UV and to validate and establish Clinical-metric properties, in Spanish, for "Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e" in the same sample. And, to establish what is the HRQOL of patients in the study sample. Methods: prospective validation of instruments, with a repeated measures model. A estimated sample of 105 patients were selected according to international standard for validating questionnaires. Procedure: for a period of 6 weeks, patients were studied every 2 weeks, collecting variables related to demography, status of disease, ulcers, HRQOL data through the questionnaire CCVUQ-e and SF-12 V2, treatments and healing data trough PUSH-e. Analysis: calculation of psychometric indicators and metrics for measuring clinical validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of such instruments. Descriptive statistics of the variables studied. Comparisons of outcome variables. Results: preliminary results of the study with data from 27 patients with UV. The sample contains all the characteristics of patients with UV. Preliminarily, the CCUVQ-e shows good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.80. The correlation between CCVUQ-e and PUSH-e at baseline was r = 0.49 (P < 0.001 and at the end of the study was r = 0.64 (p = 0.006. Sensitivity to change of instruments, as with repeated measures model, is statistically significant (p < 0.001. Conclusions: preliminary results show, in both instruments, good psychometric and clinical metrics properties to measure HRQOL and evolution

Renata Virgina González-Consuegra

2011-09-01

102

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings. The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was compliant with the guidelines of International Quality of ...

Misterska, Ewa; G?owacki, Maciej; Harasymczuk, Jerzy

2009-01-01

103

Questionnaire discrimination: (re-introducing coefficient ?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Questionnaires are used routinely in clinical research to measure health status and quality of life. Questionnaire measurements are traditionally formally assessed by indices of reliability (the degree of measurement error and validity (the extent to which the questionnaire measures what it is supposed to measure. Neither of these indices assesses the degree to which the questionnaire is able to discriminate between individuals, an important aspect of measurement. This paper introduces and extends an existing index of a questionnaire's ability to distinguish between individuals, that is, the questionnaire's discrimination. Methods Ferguson (1949 1 derived an index of test discrimination, coefficient ?, for psychometric tests with dichotomous (correct/incorrect items. In this paper a general form of the formula, ?G, is derived for the more general class of questionnaires allowing for several response choices. The calculation and characteristics of ?G are then demonstrated using questionnaire data (GHQ-12 from 2003–2004 British Household Panel Survey (N = 14761. Coefficients for reliability (? and discrimination (?G are computed for two commonly-used GHQ-12 coding methods: dichotomous coding and four-point Likert-type coding. Results Both scoring methods were reliable (? > 0.88. However, ?G was substantially lower (0.73 for the dichotomous coding of the GHQ-12 than for the Likert-type method (?G = 0.96, indicating that the dichotomous coding, although reliable, failed to discriminate between individuals. Conclusion Coefficient ?G was shown to have decisive utility in distinguishing between the cross-sectional discrimination of two equally reliable scoring methods. Ferguson's ? has been neglected in discussions of questionnaire design and performance, perhaps because it has not been implemented in software and was restricted to questionnaires with dichotomous items, which are rare in health care research. It is suggested that the more general formula introduced here is reported as ?G, to avoid the implication that items are dichotomously coded.

Hankins Matthew

2007-05-01

104

Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC] and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA].Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.

2013-07-01

105

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

106

QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013  

CERN Multimedia

CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

Association du personnel

2013-01-01

107

The development and validation of a low back pain knowledge questionnaire - LKQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire on specific knowledge about low back pain entitled "The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire". INTRODUCTION: There is a need for instruments to assess patient knowledge regarding chronic illness. Such methods can contribute to the education of patients. METHODS: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was developed through five focus groups. The questionnaire was distributed to 50 patients to assess their comprehension of the terms. To assess the reproducibility, 20 patients were surveyed by two different interviewers on the same day and twice by a single interviewer with a one-to-two week interval. For the construct validation, the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was given to 20 healthcare professionals with knowledge on low back pain and 20 patients to determine whether the questionnaire would discriminate between the two different populations. To assess the sensitivity of the questionnaire to changes in the knowledge level of the patients, it was given to 60 patients who were randomly assigned to the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group answered the questionnaire both before and after attending a chronic back pain educational program (back school, whereas the Control Group answered the questionnaire twice with an interval of one month and no educational intervention. RESULTS: The focus groups generated a questionnaire with 16 items. The Spearman's correlation coefficient and the intra-class correlation coefficients ranged from 0.61 to 0.95 in the assessments of the intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility (p< 0.01. In the construct validation, the healthcare professionals and patients showed statistically different scores (p< 0.001. In the phase regarding the sensitivity to change, the Intervention Group exhibited a significant increase in their specific knowledge over the Control Group (p< 0.001. CONCLUSION: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was validated and proved to be reproducible, valid and sensitive to changes in patient knowledge.

Simone Carazzato Maciel

2009-01-01

108

RESULTS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE: ANALYSIS METHODS  

CERN Document Server

Five-yearly review of employment conditions   Article S V 1.02 of our Staff Rules states that the CERN “Council shall periodically review and determine the financial and social conditions of the members of the personnel. These periodic reviews shall consist of a five-yearly general review of financial and social conditions;” […] “following methods […] specified in § I of Annex A 1”. Then, turning to the relevant part in Annex A 1, we read that “The purpose of the five-yearly review is to ensure that the financial and social conditions offered by the Organization allow it to recruit and retain the staff members required for the execution of its mission from all its Member States. […] these staff members must be of the highest competence and integrity.” And for the menu of such a review we have: “The five-yearly review must include basic salaries and may include any other financial or soc...

Staff Association

2014-01-01

109

Health Assessment Questionnaire modifications: is standardisation needed?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND—Physical disability is part of the end point measures in rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials. The Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ DI) is often used for this purpose but lacks international uniformity owing to variations in the translated and adapted questionnaires and variations in its calculation. To study the consequences of these variations the previous Dutch HAQ (HAQ90) was revised, resulting in a new Dutch HAQ (HAQ99).?OBJECTIVE—To compare...

Zandbelt, M.; Welsing, P.; Gestel, A. M.; Riel, P. L. C. M.

2001-01-01

110

Construct validity of writing motivation Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article reports results of two consecutive studies designed to understand construct validity of writing motivation and to examine its utility in the prediction of academic achievement. In first study, data were collected from 884 students of primary education through writing motivation questionnaire with seven domains (Dutta Roy, 2003). Correspondence analysis reveals two latent traits (intrinsic and extrinsic) of writing motivation. In the second study, writing motivation questionnaire w...

Devdulal Dutta Roy

2010-01-01

111

Construct validity of multidimensional personality questionnaire (MPQ)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents two studies aimed at the examination of the factor structure of The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ) and joint factor structure of the scales of MPQ and SPSRQ (The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire). In the first research conducted on the sample of 1127 participants of both sexes, age 18 to 67, the results of the principal component analysis of the MPQ scales point to the existence of three higher-order dimensions, named Gener...

Mitrovi? Dušanka; Smederevac Snežana

2007-01-01

112

Validation of a Danish version of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score questionnaire for patients with sarcoma in the extremities  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) questionnaire is a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess physical disability in patients having undergone surgery of the extremities. The aim of this study was to validate a Danish translation of the TESS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The TESS was translated according to international guidelines. A total of 22 consecutive patients attending the regular outpatient control programme were recruited for the study. To test their understanding of the questionnaires, they were asked to describe the meaning of five randomly selected questions from the TESS. The psychometric properties of the Danish version of TESS were tested for validity and reliability. To assess the test-retest reliability, the patients filled in an extra TESS questionnaire one week after they had completed the first one. RESULTS: Patients showed good understanding of the questionnaire. There was a good internal consistency for both the upper and lower questionnaire measured by Cronbach's alpha. A Bland-Altman plot showed acceptable limits of agreement for both questionnaires in the test-retest. There was also good intraclass correlation coefficients for both questionnaires. The validity expressed as Spearman's rank correlation coefficient comparing the TESS with the QLQ-C30 was 0.89 and 0.90 for the questionnaire on upper and lower extremities, respectively. CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of the Danish TESS showed good validity and reliability. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

Sæbye, Casper; Safwat, Akmal Ahmed

2014-01-01

113

Prophylactic and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of the skin and mucosa. Part I. Results of a German multicenter questionnaire; Prophylaxe und Therapie akuter Strahlenfolgen an Haut und Schleimhaut. Teil I. Ergebnisse einer bundesweiten Erhebung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this work, it was to evaluate the remedies, which are used for prevention and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of the skin and mucosa (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, small and large bowel, rectum and vagina). A questionnaire was sent to 130 radiotherapeutic departments in Germany in Juli 1995. The questionnaire had been designed with 22 open questions concerning the preventive and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of skin and mucosal sites. From 130 questionnaires, 89 (68.4%) were sent back till August 1995. All of them were evaluable. The recommendations showed a broad spectrum for each site. Especially the oral mucositis was treated in many different ways and combinations. The prevention and therapy of complicating superinfections seem to be the joint principle of most of the recommendations. The management of the acute radiation related morbidity has a wide clinical spectrum among different radiation therapy centers. Systematic prospectively designed investigations are necessary in order to achieve a further reduction in the radiation related acute morbidity. Therefore, a multicenter collaborative working group has been founded. (orig./MG) [Deutsch] Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, die Varianz der bevorzugt zur Prophylaxe und Therapie typischer akuter Strahlenfolgen an Haut- und Schleimhaut (Mundhoehle, Oesophagus, Duenndarm, Dickdarm, Enddarm, Scheide) eingesetzten Medikamente und Verfahren qualitativ zu erfassen. An 130 strahlentherapeutische Einrichtungen im Gesamtgebiet der Bundesrepublik Deutschland wurde im Juli 1995 ein Fragebogen versandt. Der Fragebogen enthielt insgesamt 22 offene Fragen zum prophylaktischen und therapeutischen Management akuter Strahlenfolgen an Haut und Schleimhaut. Von insgesamt 130 Frageboegen wurden 89 Boegen (68,4%) bis August 1995 zurueckgesandt. Alle 89 Boegen waren auswertbar. Das Spektrum der Therapieansaetze war fuer jede Entitaet sehr gross, insbesondere wurden fuer die Mukositisprophylaxe der Mundhoehle viele unterschiedliche Praeparate, als Monotherapie oder in verschiedenen Kombinationen, eingesetzt. Als gemeinsames Prinzip ist die Vermeidung bzw. Behandlung komplizierender Infektionen erkennbar. Das Management akuter Strahlenfolgen an der Haut und an verschiedenen Schleimhautlokalisationen haengt ausgepraegt von der subjektiven Praeferenz des jeweiligen Therapiezentrums ab. Systematische, prospektive Untersuchungen erscheinen notwendig. Zu diesem Zweck wurde eine Multicenterarbeitsgruppe gegruendet. (orig./MG)

Zimmermann, J.S.; Wilhelm, R.; Niehoff, P.; Schneider, R.; Kovacs, G.; Kimmig, B. [Kiel Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie

1998-03-01

114

Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC: Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC, designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of validity comparingwith Stress Perceived Scale (PSS and acceptable goodness of fit inthe structural model analyzed.

Mónica Teresa González Ramírez

2009-06-01

115

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

116

Using the questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We have conducted a pilot study of the typically developing preschool children's functionality, their peers with Down syndrome and autism, with a new questionnaire "Functionality-07" (F-07. We have examined 164 children 2,7 - 7,1 years of age (31-95 months: 94 boys and 73 girls, attended educational services, including 11 - with autism, 10 - with Down syndrome. F-07 method has demonstrated high internal coherence: Cronbach alpha = 0.99. Functionality of children with autism and Down syndrome was significantly lower than that of their typically developed peers (p <0,1 E-6. We believe that monitoring of functionality can be used to identify the children requiring special psychological and educational assistance.

A.M. Kazmin

2013-04-01

117

Genetic distance in the whole-genome perspective on Listeria monocytogenes strains F2-382 and NIHS-28 that show similar subtyping results.  

Science.gov (United States)

BackgroundGenome subtyping approaches could provide useful epidemiological information regarding food pathogens. However, the full genomic diversity of strains that show similar subtyping results has not yet been completely explored. Most subtyping methods are based on the differences of only a portion of the genome. We investigated two draft genome sequences of Listeria monocytogenes strain F2-382 and NIHS-28, which have been identified as closely related strains by subtyping (identical multi-virulence-locus sequence typing and multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis sequence types and very similar pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns), despite their different sources.ResultsTwo closely related strains were compared by genome structure analysis, recombination analysis, and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. Both genome structure analysis and recombination analysis showed that these two strains are more closely related than other strains, from a whole-genome perspective. However, the analysis of SNPs indicated that the two strains differ at the single nucleotide level.ConclusionWe show the relationship between the results of genome subtyping and whole-genome sequencing. It appears that the relationships among strains indicated by genome subtyping methods are in accord with the relationships indicated by whole-genome analysis. However, our results also indicate that the genetic distance between the closely related strains is greater than that between clonal strains. Our results demonstrate that subtyping methods using a part of the genome are reliable in assessing the genetic distance of the strains. Furthermore, the genetic differences in the same subtype strains may provide useful information to distinguish the bacterial strains. PMID:25492229

Kyoui, Daisuke; Takahashi, Hajime; Miya, Satoko; Kuda, Takashi; Igimi, Shizunobu; Kimura, Bon

2014-12-10

118

Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion of validity was calculated against the diagnosis of another questionnaire already translated and validated into Greek (IDGP using kappa correlation coefficient. A factor analysis was also performed. Greek RDQ showed a high overall internal consistency (alpha value: 0.91 for individual comparison. All 8 items regarding heartburn and regurgitation, GERD, had good reproducibility (Cohen’s ? 0.60-0.79, while the remaining 4 items about dyspepsia had a moderate reproducibility (Cohen’s ?=’ 0.40-0.59 The kappa coefficient for criterion validity for GERD was rather poor (0.20, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36 and the overall agreement between the results of the RDQ questionnaire and those based on the IDGP questionnaire was 70.5%. Factor analysis indicated 3 factors with Eigenvalue over 1.0, and responsible for 76.91% of variance. Regurgitation items correlated more strongly with the third component but pain behind sternum and upper stomach pain correlated with the second component. The Greek version of RDQ seems to be a reliable and valid instrument following the pattern of the original questionnaire, and could be used in primary care research in Greece.

Christos Lionis

2012-07-01

119

Unique treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan. Results of a questionnaire distributed to members of the Japanese Society of Thyroid Surgery and the International Association of Endocrine Surgeons  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although surgery has been the mainstay of treatment for patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer, the extents of thyroid resection and lymph node dissection adopted in Japan differ from those in other countries. Furthermore, regarding the indications for postoperative radiation therapy and hormonal therapy, and treatment modalities for cancer recurrence, there are marked discrepancies between Japan and other countries. A questionnaire survey was thus conducted among domestic and overseas thyroid surgeons to ascertain the actual treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan and various foreign countries. For small papillary carcinomas of 2.0 cm or less (T1), thyroid resection was more extensive in foreign countries than in Japan, although the extent of lymph node dissection was limited in the former. For large papillary carcinomas exceeding 3.0 cm (T2), on the other hand, total thyroidectomy was the treatment of first choice for all overseas respondents, but of only 20% in Japan, despite lymph node dissection being more extensive in Japan than in other countries. Overseas surgeons were much more likely to favor postoperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy and high-dose 131I therapy. For recurrence following surgery for papillary thyroid cancer, both domestic and overseas respondents indicated surgical resection to be the most common treatment option, and favored high-dose 131I therapy as well. In Jdose 131I therapy as well. In Japan, however, high-dose 131I therapy is available only in a few institutions. Such limited indications for high-dose 131I therapy in Japan may reflect a discrepancy in the frequency of total thyroidectomy, a prerequisite for postoperative high-dose 131I therapy, between Japan and other countries. This is the first questionnaire study conducted in both Japan and other countries in relation to treatment modalities for thyroid cancer. The results reveal that there is a clear disparity in treatment policies between Japan and foreign countries. (author)

120

Development and Validation of Caregivers Perspectives Questionnaire in Comatose Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The caregivers perspective about care in comatose patients is different among different caregivers, and thus the question is how it is perceived by caregivers. Among the health staff and family members, perspective of caring is obviously different. Thus, the current study was carried out to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess of caregivers perspective in comatose patient care. For gathering the data used from the questionnaire consisted of items of Van Manens hermeneutic phenomenology, then these items combined and validated by content, face and construct validity and by split half and Cronbach a coefficient for reliability. The results showed that the four factors were labeled living with client, efforts for survival, professional conscience and responsibility and respect of human dignity. The perspective of caring of comatose patient questionnaire had 32 items and 4 dimension and showed validity and reliability, but it need to test more and more to multiplication of its' validity and reliability.

Ebrahim Hajizadeh

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Prodromal Questionnaire: translation, adaptation to Portuguese and preliminary results in ultra-high risk individuals and first episode psychosis / Questionário Prodromal: tradução, adaptação para o português e resultados preliminares em indivíduos de ultra-alto risco e primeiro episódio psicótico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O Questionário Prodromal (PQ) é um instrumento de triagem e autorrelato com 92 itens para indivíduos com ultra-alto risco (UHR) para desenvolver psicose. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a tradução desse questionário para português e seus resultados preliminares em uma amostra bras [...] ileira de UHR e primeiro episódio (FE) psicótico. MÉTODOS: O PQ foi traduzido do inglês para o português por dois pesquisadores bilíngues do programa de pesquisa sobre psicose precoce do Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brasil (ASAS "Avaliação e Acompanhamento de Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos em São Paulo") e retrotraduzido por dois outros pesquisadores. Os participantes (n = 11) do estudo foram avaliados por meio da versão em português do Questionário de Prodromal (PQ) e SIPS. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos com UHR (n = 7) apresentaram menor pontuação do que os pacientes de primeiro episódio (n = 4). Os escores médios e desvio-padrão dos indivíduos de UHR na versão em português do PQ foram: 13,0 ± 10,0 pontos na subescala de sintomas positivos, e dos pacientes de primeiro episódio: 33,0 ± 10,0. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo os indivíduos de UHR e pacientes de FE apresentaram pontuação do PQ semelhantes às encontradas na literatura, o que sugere a possibilidade de usar a PQ como um instrumento de triagem em indivíduos brasileiros que apresentam comportamento de procura de ajuda. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) is a 92-item self-report screening tool for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) to develop psychosis. This study aims to present the translation to Portuguese and preliminary results in UHR and first episode (FE) psychosis in a Portuguese sample. METHODS: [...] The PQ was translated from English to Portuguese by two bilingual researchers from the research program on early psychosis of the Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil (ASAS - "Evaluation and Follow up of Adolescents and Young Adults in São Paulo") and back translated by two other researchers. The study participants (n = 11-) were evaluated through the Portuguese version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and SIPS. RESULTS: The individuals at UHR (n = 7) presented a lower score than first episode patients (n = 4). The UHR mean scores and standard deviation on Portuguese version of the PQ were: 13.0 ± 10.0 points on positive symptoms subscale, and FE patients: 33.0 ± 10.0. CONCLUSION: The UHR and FE patients' of this study presented PQ scores similar to the ones found in the literature; what suggests that it is possible to use the PQ in Brazilian help-seeking individuals as a screening tool.

Priscila Dib, Gonçalves; Paula Andreia, Martins; Pedro, Gordon; Mário, Louzã.

122

Results from the translation and adaptation of the Iranian Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (I-SF-MPQ): preliminary evidence of its reliability, construct validity and sensitivity in an Iranian pain population  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess pain. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire for Farsi (the official language of Iran) speakers in order to test its reliability and sensitivity. Methods We followed Guillemin's guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related measures, which include forward-backward translations, expert committ...

Adelmanesh Farhad; Arvantaj Ali; Rashki Hassan; Ketabchi Seyedmehdi; Montazeri Ali; Raissi Gholamreza

2011-01-01

123

Síntomas del tracto urinario inferior en la mujer y afectación de la calidad de vida: Resultados de la aplicación del King´s Health Questionnaire / Lower urinary tract symptoms in women and impact on quality of life: Results of the application of the king's health questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: La auto-evaluación de la calidad de vida (CV) de las mujeres con síntomas urinarios puede ayudar a decidir la estrategia de tratamiento más adecuada en cada caso. Método: Estudio epidemiológico, observacional, transversal y multicéntrico de 674 mujeres que acudieron a una consulta de gin [...] ecología con síntomas sugestivos de Vejiga Hiperactiva, con o sin incontinencia urinaria(IU). Todas ellas cumplimentaron por escrito el King's Health Questionnaire(KHQ). Además se recogieron datos sociodemográficos y un registro de los síntomas urinarios de la dimensión de síntomas del KHQ y el grado de afectación que producían. Resultados: Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron "aumento de frecuencia miccional" (612 mujeres-90,8%), seguido de "urgencia" (562-83,4%), "nocturia" (543-80,6%) e "IU de Esfuerzo" (535-79,4%). Los síntomas "frecuencia", "nocturia", "urgencia" e "IU por urgencia" fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres de 65 o más años y el de "IU de esfuerzo" en las menores de esa edad (79,8% vs 77,9%). 210 mujeres no cumplimentaron todas las dimensiones del KHQ, siendo las menos contestadas: "Limitaciones Físicas"(35,7%), "Relaciones Personales"(29,5%), "Limitaciones Sociales"(29%) e "Impacto de la IU"(28,6%). La puntuación total del KHQ fue 38,3 (DE=19,2). Las mayores puntuaciones (peor CV) corresponden a "Impacto de la IU", "Afectación por Problemas Urinarios", "Limitaciones Físicas" y "Limitaciones en las Actividades Cotidianas". Las variables asociadas a la puntuación global del KHQ fueron (regresión lineal múltiple): edad, IMC, IU por urgencia, IU en el acto sexual, infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias y otros problemas urinarios. Conclusiones: La afectación de la CV en las mujeres con síntomas urinarios es importante. Los síntomas que más contribuyen a la afectación de la CV son la "IU en el acto sexual", la "IU de urgencia" y las "infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias". Abstract in english Background: The self-assessment of quality of life (QoL) of women with urinary symptoms may help in selecting the best treatment in each case. Method: Epidemiologic, observational, cross-sectional and multicentric study of 674 women who underwent to a gynecology unit with symptoms suggesting Overact [...] ive Bladder, with or without urinary incontinence(UI). All women fill out the King's Health Questionnaire. Sociodemographic data and a complete register of urinary symptoms and the degree of afectation which caused, were also collected. Results: Most frequent symptoms were "frequency" (612 women-90.8%), followed by "urgency" (562-83.4%), "nocturia" (543-80.6%) and "stres UI" (535-79.4%). Symptoms of "frecuency", "nocturia", "urgency" and "urgency UI" were more frequent in women aged 65 or under 65 years and that of "stress UI", in women over 65 years (79.8% vs 77.9%). 210 women did not fill out all the KHQ dimensions, mainly "Personal Limitations", "Personal Relationship", "Social limitations" and "Incontinence Impact". Global KHQ score was38.3 (SD=19.2). Higher scores (worse QoL) corresponded to "Incontinence Impact", "Severity Measures", "Personal Limitations" and "Role Limitations". Variables associated to global KHQ score were (multiple linear regression): age, BMI, urgency UI, UI in sexual intercourse, frequent urinary infections. Conclusions: QoL impact in women with urinary symptoms is important. The symptoms with higher association with QoL are: UI in sexual intercourse, urgency UI and frequent urinary infections.

M., Espuña Pons; M., Puig Clota.

2006-08-01

124

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

125

Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ. Methods Qualitative research with patients and clinicians was performed to generate possible items to evaluate clinical COPD control. Thereafter, an item reduction questionnaire was sent to 77 international experts. Sixty-seven experts responded and the 10 most important items, divided into 3 domains (symptoms, functional and mental state were included in the CCQ (scale: 0 = best, 6 = worst. Results Cross-sectional data were collected from 119 subjects (57 COPD, GOLD stage I-III; 18 GOLD stage 0 and 44 (exsmokers. Cronbach's ? was high (0.91. The CCQ scores in patients (GOLD 0-III were significantly higher than in healthy (exsmokers. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between the CCQ total score and domains of the SF-36 (? = 0.48 to ? = 0.69 and the SGRQ (? = 0.67 to ? = 0.72. In patients with COPD, the correlation between the CCQ and FEV1%pred was ? =-0.49. Test-retest reliability was determined in 20 subjects in a 2-week interval (Intra Class Coefficient = 0.94. Thirty-six smokers with and without COPD showed significant improvement in the CCQ after 2 months smoking cessation, indicating the responsiveness of the CCQ. Conclusion The CCQ is a self-administered questionnaire specially developed to measure clinical control in patients with COPD. Data support the validity, reliability and responsiveness of this short and easy to administer questionnaire.

ten Hacken Nick HT

2003-04-01

126

Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form: Colombian validation [Young Schema Questionnaire – Short Form, Validación en Colombia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the factor structure of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form ([YSQ-SF], Young, 1999 and the gender differences in early maladaptive schemas. The study took place in Colombia, where 1392 university students (541 male y 851 female completed the YSQ-SF. The results confirmed the existence of the original 15 first-order factors, in consistency with the 15 theoretical schemas. However, the results for the second-order structure were less conclusive, as both a three second order factor and a five second order factor structures showed similar fit indices. Alpha coefficients for the schemas rated between 0.74 and 0.89. Men scored higher than women on several schemas.

Nora Helena Londoño Arredondo

2012-03-01

127

Development of a Diagnostic Complexity Questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HRP human error analysis project has for some time been investigating what makes certain fault scenarios difficult for operators. One line of research has been to develop a questionnaire to measure diagnostic complexity. This report concerns some theoretical and experimental work underpinning the development of the questionnaire. A study of the literature reviewed the factors or components thought to contribute to difficulty in diagnosing and problem-solving. Two experimental studies of complexity were carried out using two versions of a questionnaire based on the review. The studies were simulator based, using scenarios designed to be diagnostically challenging. A factor-analytic approach to the analysis of the study data was suggested in the literature review. This is reported here (together with other analyses) though the factor analysis did not produce so clear results as was hoped. The present analysis found no clear factor structure with the first version of the complexity questionnaire used in experiment I. Partly because of this result, a factor-analytic approach to a second version of the questionnaire used in experiment II was not considered appropriate. A descriptive and qualitative analysis of the two questionnaire studies and a synthesis of the results from them both was promising. There were indications of components of complexity and some indications of what contributes to a personal perception of high or low diagnostic difficulty in fault scenariosw diagnostic difficulty in fault scenarios. Components adding to diagnostic difficulty were tentatively named 'severity', 'need for co-operation', 'stress' and 'spread of changes'. Components not adding to difficulty were 'directness of indications', 'familiarity' and 'lack of stress'. There was some evidence of different responses to these components in a comparison of rule-based vs. knowledge-based diagnostic scenarios. These findings and experience with analysis techniques will feed into the design of further work on the human error analysis project. (author)

128

Investigation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Questionnaire Validity and Reliability CFS (DSQ Revised  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available   Background and Aim : Diagnostic tools for chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, created for research and clinical investigations in order to use it as a management tool for monitoring patients with this syndrome. The questionnaire is very comprehensive using a self-reporting system and all internal and external definitions according to the America's Center for Disease Control has been covered. It also assesses current and past activity levels and symptoms of fatigue and malaise after routine daily activities to ensure that these items are evaluated as well. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of diagnostic questionnaire for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS.   Materials and Methods : In the discussion of content validity and reliability of survey studies, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, prepared by the Department of Psychology, DePaul University, and was elected a full copy of the correspondence received from the questionnaire ratings. The questionnaire that was translated content validity was assessed by the 20 members of the faculty. However, re-translated from Persian into English for reference, was prepared with modifications, the validity of its validity was confirmed by the authors. Then, 30 nurses were selected to determine the reliability of the questionnaire chronic fatigue syndrome who was working in a Hospital. Inventory management under center and full justification of the researcher and the participants in the study by researchers at the distribution has been completed. The survey was carried out again after 15 days.   Results: The instrument showed good reliability and validity. In discussing the content validity of the Persian translation tool by 20 people associated professor of internal review, and its content validity was determined with respect to two of CVI and the results of CVR , and (CVR=0.7 and CVI=0.85 represents CREDIT the content is good . According to the results, the reliability of the questionnaire CFS, Cronbach's alpha to assess the results of the questionnaire showed very good reliability. Two step test reliability coefficients (ICC = Mixed & and Confidence Interval = 95% also showed a significant relationship among questions as well. However, the internal correlation coefficient obtained for the 8 criteria CFS, showed high internal cohesion.   Conclusion: This study suggests the CFS questionnaire as a reliable instrument for all levels in research and clinical applications. Using this tool can help with background checks and even in advanced levels to be effective, it has enough power and accuracy in the diagnosis of CFS sufferers.

Mohsen Haddadi

2014-05-01

129

MIDAS questionnaire in the emergency setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Migraine is a common disorder and is a major cause of disability and loss of working performance in western countries. Therefore, many tools have been developed to assess migraine related disability. Among these, the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire has been shown to be of particular interest, as it is valid, reliable and useful for therapeutic decisions. In this pilot study, we address the validity of the MIDAS questionnaire in an unselected population of migraine patients in the emergency setting. We found that the MIDAS scores in the emergency room were similar to those collected in a specialised headache centre. This result suggests that the MIDAS questionnaire could be reliably used in the emergency setting, hence avoiding unnecessary delays in the treatment of migraine patients. PMID:15549558

Aliprandi, A; Frigerio, R; Santoro, P; Frigo, M; Iurlaro, S; Vaccaro, M; Tremolizzo, L; Beghi, E; Ferrarese, C; Agostoni, E

2004-10-01

130

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases -- a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the "Revised Faces Pain Scale" (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years.

Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

2013-01-01

131

Molecular analysis of human glycophorin MiIX gene shows a silent segment transfer and untemplated mutation resulting from gene conversion via sequence repeats.  

Science.gov (United States)

The human glycophorin (HGp) loci that define the red blood cell surface antigens of the MNSs blood group system exhibit considerable allelic variation. Previous studies have identified gene conversion events involving HGpA(alpha) and HGpB(delta) that produced delta-alpha-delta hybrid genes which differ in the location of breakpoints. This report presents the molecular analysis of HGpMilX, the first example of a reverse alpha-delta-alpha hybrid gene that specifies a newly described phenotype of the Miltenberger complex. A novel restriction fragment unique to the HGpMilX gene was detected by Southern blot hybridization. The structure of the genomic region encoding the entire extracellular domain of the MilX protein was determined. Nucleotide sequencing of amplified genomic DNA showed that a silent segment of the HGpB(delta) gene had been transposed to replace the internal part of exon III in the HGpA(alpha) gene, thereby resulting in the formation of the MilX allele with an alpha-delta-alpha configuration. The proximal alpha-delta breakpoint was found to be flanked by a direct repeat of the acceptor splice site, whereas the distal delta-alpha breakpoint was localized to a palindromic region. This DNA rearrangement, with a minimal transfer of 16 templated nucleotides and a single mutation of untemplated adenyl nucleotide, not only created two intraexon hybrid junctions but transactivated the expression of a new stretch of amino acid residues in the MilX protein. Such a segment replacement may have occurred through the directional transfer from one duplex to the other via the mechanism of gene conversion. The occurrence of HGpMilX as another hybrid derived from parts of parent genes underlines the role of the recombinational "hotspot" in the generation of allelic diversity in the glycophorin family. PMID:1421409

Huang, C H; Skov, F; Daniels, G; Tippett, P; Blumenfeld, O O

1992-11-01

132

Prospects of an alternative treatment against Trypanosoma cruzi based on abietic acid derivatives show promising results in Balb/c mouse model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Chagas disease, caused by the protozoa parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is an example of extended parasitaemia with unmet medical needs. Current treatments based on old-featured benznidazole (Bz) and nifurtimox are expensive and do not fulfil the criteria of effectiveness, and a lack of toxicity devoid to modern drugs. In this work, a group of abietic acid derivatives that are chemically stable and well characterised were introduced as candidates for the treatment of Chagas disease. In vitro and in vivo assays were performed in order to test the effectiveness of these compounds. Finally, those which showed the best activity underwent additional studies in order to elucidate the possible mechanism of action. In vitro results indicated that some compounds have low toxicity (i.e. >150 ?M, against Vero cell) combined with high efficacy (i.e. <20 ?M) against some forms of T. cruzi. Further in vivo studies on mice models confirmed the expectations of improvements in infected mice. In vivo tests on the acute phase gave parasitaemia inhibition values higher those of Bz, and a remarkable decrease in the reactivation of parasitaemia was found in the chronic phase after immunosuppression of the mice treated with one of the compounds. The morphological alterations found in treated parasites with our derivatives confirmed extensive damage; energetic metabolism disturbances were also registered by (1)H NMR. The demonstrated in vivo activity and low toxicity, together with the use of affordable starting products and the lack of synthetic complexity, put these abietic acid derivatives in a remarkable position toward the development of an anti-Chagasic agent. PMID:25462275

Olmo, F; Guardia, J J; Marin, C; Messouri, I; Rosales, M J; Urbanová, K; Chayboun, I; Chahboun, R; Alvarez-Manzaneda, E J; Sánchez-Moreno, M

2015-01-01

133

Validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire: comparison with energy expenditure according to the doubly labeled water method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In epidemiological research, physical activity is usually assessed by questionnaires. Questionnaires are suitable for large study populations since they are relatively inexpensive and not very time consuming. However, questionnaire information is by definition subjective and prone to recall bias, especially among elderly subjects. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire, developed by Voorrips and coworkers, measures habitual physical activity in the elderly. The questionnaire includes questions on household activities, sports, and leisure time activities, over a time period of one year. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire results in a score to classify people as high, moderate, or low in daily physical activity, based on tertiles. Methods The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire score was assessed among 21 elderly men and women using the doubly labeled water method as the reference criterion. This method is considered to be the gold standard for measuring energy expenditure in free-living individuals. Energy expenditure on physical activity is estimated by the ratio of total energy expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method and resting metabolic rate measured by indirect calorimetry. This ratio is called the physical activity ratio. Results The Spearman correlation coefficient between the questionnaire score and the physical activity ratio (PAR was 0.54 (95% CI 0.22–0.66. Correct classification by the questionnaire occurred in 71% of participants who were in the lowest tertile of PAR, in 14% of participants in the middle tertile, and in 43% of participants in the highest tertile. Subjects were not wrongly classified in an opposite tertile. Conclusion The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire is fair-to-moderate. This study shows that the questionnaire can correctly classify individuals as low or high active, but does a poor job for moderately active individuals.

Peeters Petra HM

2008-05-01

134

Convergent Validity of the Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS is a multicenter project for assessing the lifestyle habits of Arab adolescents. This study reports on the convergent validity of the physical activity questionnaire used in ATLS against an electronic pedometer. Participants were 39 males and 36 females randomly selected from secondary schools, with a mean age of 16.1 ± 1.1 years. ATLS self-reported questionnaire was validated against the electronic pedometer for three consecutive weekdays. Mean steps counts were 6,866 ± 3,854 steps/day with no significant gender difference observed. Questionnaire results showed no significant gender differences in time spent on total or moderate-intensity activities. However, males spent significantly more time than females on vigorous-intensity activity. The correlation of steps counts with total time spent on all activities by the questionnaire was 0.369. Relationship of steps counts was higher with vigorous-intensity (r = 0.338 than with moderate-intensity activity (r = 0.265. Pedometer steps counts showed higher correlations with time spent on walking (r = 0.350 and jogging (r = 0.383 than with the time spent on other activities. Active participants, based on pedometer assessment, were also most active by the questionnaire. It appears that ATLS questionnaire is a valid instrument for assessing habitual physical activity among Arab adolescents.

Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa

2011-09-01

135

Computerized Administration of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

A computer-administered (CA) form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ) (A. Tellegen, 1982) was created, and scores of 126 college students were compared to those of 101 who took a paper-and-pencil MPQ. Multivariate analyses found no group differences for the CA format, and likelihood of profile validity was decreased. Results

DiLalla, David L.

1996-01-01

136

Usual Dietary Intakes: NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Science.gov (United States)

NCI developed a new instrument called the NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (formerly called Food Propensity Questionnaire) and supported its application in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This instrument collects much of the same information as a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), but without asking about portion size. The resulting data can be employed in the NCI usual dietary intakes model as covariates. By not asking about portion size, the NHANES FFQ requires less respondent burden than other FFQs.

137

Developing a precise questionnaire to elucidate risk factors and injury pattern in RTA victims  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue. Despite good numbers of traffic legislations/ law/bye-laws/ regulations/ policies at the national/ state level and various safety measures to prevent road accidents/ mishaps, awareness remains comparatively low in India. Till date no questionnaire has been suitably developed, standardized and positivised for determining association of causality with injury pattern and severity score. Objective: To design and develop a précised survey questionnaire determining association of causality with injury pattern along with severity score in RTA victims.  Methodology: Till date no such study has been ventured which has observed the inter relationship of these factors resulting in a specific injury. Designed questionnaire was based on literature review, and updated several times to ensure the precision and agreement with the help of institutional trauma expert team. As a pilot study, 30 RTA victims admitted in trauma centre of KG Medical University were enrolled and designed questionnaire was tested for easiness and doubts. The results were thoroughly analyzed for item difficulty, precision and internal consistency. Results: A significant agreement of question pertaining to speed (k=0.99, CI=0.95, visibility (k=0.87, alcohol (k=0.65 in the questionnaire. Questions related to environment, driver, vehicle and road factors show a significant consistency (p>0.05 as cause of accidents. Test of agreements done by Kappa showed in variables having value more than 0.60 except few variables. Discussion: The designed questionnaire is precise, reasonably reliable in perfect agreement. This questionnaire should emerge a useful tool in determining the association of risk factors with injury pattern and severity. 

RK Singh

2013-12-01

138

Correlação entre perda auditiva e resultados dos questionários Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults: Screening Version HHIA-S e Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S / Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Os questionários de autoavaliação são úteis para quantificar as consequências emocionais e sociais/situacionais percebidas em função da perda de audição, podendo ser utilizados em diversas situações na rotina clínica, como a triagem auditiva. OBJETIVO: Verificar a sensibilidade e a espec [...] ificidade dos questionários HHIA-S e HHIE-S na detecção de perda auditiva e suas aplicabilidades em triagens auditivas e analisar a capacidade desses questionários em detectar diferentes graus de comprometimento auditivo na população estudada. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo, 51 indivíduos, entre 18 e 88 anos, responderam aos questionários Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S e Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S em sala de espera de um ambulatório de otorrinolaringologia do SUS. RESULTADOS: Os instrumentos revelaram baixa sensibilidade (47%), não identificando indivíduos com perda auditiva; porém, apresentaram alta especificidade (75%), identificando, corretamente, indivíduos que não apresentavam problemas de audição. Ainda, não existiu associação significativa entre o grau da perda auditiva e o grau de restrição de participação. CONCLUSÃO: Os referidos questionários apresentaram baixa sensibilidade e alta especificidade, não sendo eficazes para triagens auditivas em um grupo com queixas auditivas prévias, e também não foram capazes de detectar diferentes tipos e graus de comprometimento auditivo. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. OBJECTIVE: Check the sensitivity and specificiti [...] es of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect different degrees of hearing impairments in the studied people. METHOD: Retrospective study with 51 individuals aged between 18 and 88, who filled out the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S questionnaires at the waiting room of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)'s otorhinolaryngology infirmary. RESULTS: The instruments showed a low sensitivity (47%), not identifying individuals with a hearing loss; however, they showed a high specificity (75%), accurately identifying individuals with no hearing disorder. Moreover, no significant association between the degree of hearing loss and the constraint degree for participation was found. CONCLUSION: the aforementioned questionnaires revealed a low sensitivity and a high specificity, proving to be ineffective for auditory screenings in a group with previous hearing complaints in addition to being unable to detect different types and degrees of hearing impairment.

Isabela Hoffmeister, Menegotto; Cristina Loureiro Chaves, Soldera; Paula, Anderle; Tanise Cristaldo, Anhaia.

2011-09-01

139

Using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) to Assess the Psychological Health of Malaysian College Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The primary objective of this study was to assess the psychological health of students at a local university inMalaysia using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Additionally, the study was carried out to determinethe reliability and factor structure of the GHQ-12. Sample comprised 386 students (female=177, male=209) whowere selected using multistage cluster sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the datarequired. Results showed that slig...

Sheereen Nor Zulkefly; Rozumah Baharudin

2010-01-01

140

Sleep in Wilson?s disease: Questionnaire based study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: We proposed to detect sleep abnormalities in Wilson?s disease, (WD using sleep questionnaires. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients (M:F = 18:7; age: 24.4 ± 9.2 years with WD and 24 controls (all males; age: 33.1 ± 9.7 years were recruited. They underwent phenotypic/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI evaluation followed by administration of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS questionnaires. Results: The mean age at presentation and diagnosis was 24.4 ± 9.2 and 17.6 ± 7.5 years, respectively. The duration of illness at diagnosis was 14 ± 21.9 months. On PSQI, 15 patients with WD had abnormal PSQI scores of >5 as compared to 6 patients among the controls. The mean PSQI score was significantly more (P = 0.03 in patients compared to the controls. The PSQI worst scores were noted only in WD. Evaluation with ESS showed that three patients with WD scored >10/24, while two among the controls qualified for excessive daytime sleepiness. Overall, assessment by sleep questionnaires detected abnormality in 16 patients with WD as compared to 8 controls (P = 0.004. Subgroup analysis revealed that patients whose duration of illness was >8 years and who were on decoppering treatment had significantly lesser excessive daytime somnolence. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances were observed more often in WD than in controls. Better designed studies will provide a better understanding.

Netto Archana

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Assessment of the measurement properties of quality of life questionnaires in Brazilian women with breast cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: There are several questionnaires available to assess quality of life in breast cancer, however the choice of the best questionnaire often does not take into account the adequacy of these questionnaires' measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: To test the measurement properties of two ge [...] neric quality of life questionnaires and one quality of life questionnaire specific for women with breast cancer. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after surgery for breast cancer. The assessment included application of the SF-36, WHOQOL-bref, and FACT-B+4 questionnaires as well as the Global Perceived Effect and Pain Numerical Rating scales. The participants were interviewed on three occasions to investigate internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, construct validity, reproducibility, and responsiveness. RESULTS: Most of the instruments' domains showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha varying from 0.66 to 0.91). Reliability varied from poor to substantial (ICC2,1 between 0.39 and 0.87) and agreement varied from negative to very good. The SF-36 presented doubtful agreement and showed floor and ceiling effects in three domains. The domains of the generic questionnaires presented moderate to good correlation with the FACT-B+4 (Pearson varying from 0.31 to 0.69). The internal responsiveness varied from small to large (ES varying from -0.26 to 0.98) and external responsiveness was found in only some of the instruments' domains. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the measurement properties tested for the WHOQOL-bref and FACT-B+4 were adequate as was their ability to assess quality of life in women with breast cancer. The SF-36 showed inadequacy in agreement and floor and ceiling effects and should not be used in women with breast cancer.

Indiara S., Oliveira; Lucíola C. M., Costa; Ana C. T., Manzoni; Cristina M. N., Cabral.

2014-07-25

142

Assessment of the measurement properties of quality of life questionnaires in Brazilian women with breast cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: There are several questionnaires available to assess quality of life in breast cancer, however the choice of the best questionnaire often does not take into account the adequacy of these questionnaires' measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: To test the measurement properties of two ge [...] neric quality of life questionnaires and one quality of life questionnaire specific for women with breast cancer. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after surgery for breast cancer. The assessment included application of the SF-36, WHOQOL-bref, and FACT-B+4 questionnaires as well as the Global Perceived Effect and Pain Numerical Rating scales. The participants were interviewed on three occasions to investigate internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, construct validity, reproducibility, and responsiveness. RESULTS: Most of the instruments' domains showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha varying from 0.66 to 0.91). Reliability varied from poor to substantial (ICC2,1 between 0.39 and 0.87) and agreement varied from negative to very good. The SF-36 presented doubtful agreement and showed floor and ceiling effects in three domains. The domains of the generic questionnaires presented moderate to good correlation with the FACT-B+4 (Pearson varying from 0.31 to 0.69). The internal responsiveness varied from small to large (ES varying from -0.26 to 0.98) and external responsiveness was found in only some of the instruments' domains. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the measurement properties tested for the WHOQOL-bref and FACT-B+4 were adequate as was their ability to assess quality of life in women with breast cancer. The SF-36 showed inadequacy in agreement and floor and ceiling effects and should not be used in women with breast cancer.

Indiara S., Oliveira; Lucíola C. M., Costa; Ana C. T., Manzoni; Cristina M. N., Cabral.

2014-08-01

143

Comparative Factor Analyses of the Personal Attributes Questionnaire and the Bem Sex-Role Inventory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compared the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) as measures of androgyny. Results showed that femininty (Concern for Others) and masculinity (Dominance) accounted for most of the variance, but for PAQ, clusters of male- and female-valued items (i.e., Extroversion and Insecurity) formed subsidiary factors.…

Antill, John K.; Cunningham, John D.

1982-01-01

144

Questionnaire survey of treatment choice for breast cancer patients with brain metastasis in Japan. Results of a nationwide survey by the task force of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A nationwide survey was performed to investigate the current patterns of care for brain metastasis (BM) from breast cancer in Japan. A total of 351 survey questionnaires were sent to community or academic breast oncologists who were members of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society as of December 2005. The questionnaire consists of 40 multiple choice questions in eight categories. Of 240 institutions sent survey questionnaires, 161 (67.1%) answered; 60% of institutions answered with '<5' patients with BM every year; almost half (83 of 161) screened for BM in asymptomatic patients; surgical resection was rarely performed, as ?75% of institutions (118 of 160 institutions) answered 'none or one case of surgery per year'; 27% (41 of 154) preferred stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) over whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the initial treatment in all cases, although ?70% (100 of 154) of them answered 'depend on cases'. The preference for SRS over WBRT mainly depends on the impressions of breast oncologists about both safety (late normal tissue damage and dementia in WBRT) and efficacy (better local control by SRS). Eighty-one percent (117 of 144) of institutions did not limit the number of SRS sessions as far as technically applicable. SRS is widely used as the first choice for BM from breast cancer in Japan. Considerable numbers of Japanese breast oncologists prefer SRS over WBRT as the initial treatment for BM. A randomized trial comparing SRS and WBRT is warranted. (authoring SRS and WBRT is warranted. (author)

145

The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: translation and validation study of the Iranian version  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 in Iran. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian (Iranian language. Then a sample of young people aged 18 to 25 years old completed the questionnaire. In addition, a short questionnaire containing demographic questions and a single measure of global quality of life was administered. To test reliability the internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Validity was performed using convergent validity. Finally, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing principal component analysis using oblique factor solution. Results In all 748 young people entered into the study. The mean age of respondents was 21.1 (SD = 2.1 years. Employing the recommended method of scoring (ranging from 0 to 12, the mean GHQ score was 3.7 (SD = 3.5. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory result (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.87. Convergent validity indicated a significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and global quality of life scores as expected (r = -0.56, P Conclusion The study findings showed that the Iranian version of the GHQ-12 has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used for measuring psychological well being in Iran.

Garmaroudi Gholamreza

2003-11-01

146

Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD.This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questionnaire, Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS and YDQ (Young Diagnostic Questionnaire. Finally we performed a psychiatric interview (based on DSM-IV-TR for all of the samples. For data analysis we used face, discriminative and concurrent validity, Chronbach ?, split half, test-retest and ROC Curve by SPSS-14 Software.Results: Concurrent validity was (r=0.78, 0.81, discriminative validity was (r=0.62. Besides YDQ shows internal consistency (?=0.70, split-half validity(r=0.64, test –retest reliability (r=0.74, p<0.01. The best cut off point for this questionnaire is number 4.Conclusion: The result showed that Persian version of YDQ is valid and reliable. Considering lack of a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring addiction to the internet, YDQ could be a suitable tool for measuring internet addiction in future research

S. Salman Alavi

2011-12-01

147

Factor Analysis of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the factor structure of parent and teacher Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) in a population of 7-9 years old children. For validation purposes, factors derived were correlated with results on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A three-factor solution was identified on both parent and…

Posserud, Britt; Lundervold, Astri J.; Steijnen, Maaike C.; Verhoeven, Sophie; Stormark, Kjell Morten; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

148

A self administered reliable questionnaire to assess lower bowel symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Bowel symptoms are considered indicators of the presence of colorectal cancer and other bowel diseases. Self administered questionnaires that elicit information about lower bowel symptoms have not been assessed for reliability, although this has been done for upper bowel symptoms. Our aim was to develop a self administered questionnaire for eliciting the presence, nature and severity of lower bowel symptoms potentially related to colorectal cancer, and assess its reliability. Methods Immediately before consulting a gastroenterologist or colorectal surgeon, 263 patients likely to have a colonoscopy completed the questionnaire. Reliability was assessed in two ways: by assessing agreement between patient responses and (a responses given by the doctor at the consultation; and (b responses given by patients two weeks later. Results There was more than 75% agreement for 78% of the questions for the patient-doctor comparison and for 92% of the questions for the patient-patient comparison. Agreement for the length of time a symptom was present, its severity, duration, frequency of occurrence and whether or not medical consultation had been sought, all had agreement of greater than 70%. Over all questions, the chance corrected agreement for the patient-doctor comparison had a median kappa of 65% (which represents substantial agreement, interquartile range 57–72%. The patient-patient comparison also showed substantial agreement with a median kappa of 75%, interquartile range 68–81%. Conclusion This self administered questionnaire about lower bowel symptoms is a useful way of eliciting details of bowel symptoms. It is a reliable instrument that is acceptable to patients and easily completed. Its use could guide the clinical consultation, allowing a more efficient, comprehensive and useful interaction, ensuring that all symptoms are assessed. It will also be a useful tool in research studies on bowel symptoms and their predictive value for colorectal cancer and other diseases. Studies assessing whether bowel symptoms predict the presence of colorectal cancer should provide estimates of the reliability of the symptom elicitation.

Katelaris Peter H

2008-03-01

149

Identification of multiple intelligences with the Multiple Intelligence Profiling Questionnaire III  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this study, we present the latest version of the Multiple Intelligences Profiling Questionnaire (MIPQ III) that is based on Howard Gardner’s (e.g., 1983, 1999) MI theory. The operationalization of nine MI scales is tested with an empirical sample of Finnish preadolescents and adults (n = 410). Results of the internal consistency analysis show that the nine MIPQ III dimensions have satisfactory reliability coefficients with the sample. Results of the interscale correlation analysis show t...

KIRSI TIRRI; PETRI NOKELAINEN

2008-01-01

150

Methamphetamine and Paranoia: The Methamphetamine Experience Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Paranoia in methamphetamine (MA) users is not well characterized or understood. To investigate this phenomenon, we created the Methamphetamine Experience Questionnaire (MEQ), and tested its reliability and validity in assessing MA-induced paranoia. METHODS: We administered the MEQ to 274 MA-dependent subjects. RESULTS: 45% (123) subjects first experienced paranoia with MA use; 55% did not. Obtaining or using a weapon while paranoid was common (37% and 11% of subjects with MA-induced paranoia,...

Leamon, Martin H.; Flower, Keith; Salo, Ruth E.; Nordahl, Thomas E.; Kranzler, Henry R.; Galloway, Gantt P.

2010-01-01

151

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

152

Validation of the Adolescent Meta-cognition Questionnaire Version  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The role and importance of meta-cognitive beliefs in creating and retaining of anxiety disorders were explained initially in meta-cognitive theory. The purpose of this study was to validate the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire-Adolescent version (MCQ-A in normal Iranian people and compare of meta-cognitive beliefs between adolescents with anxiety disorders and normal individuals.Materials and Method: This was a standardized study. First of all, the original version was translated into Persian then administered to 204 (101 boys and 103 girls adolescent aged 13 through 17 years. Theyhave been clustered randomly. They were selected from the schools of Isfahan, together with mood and feelings questionnaire and revised children's manifest anxiety scale. In order to assess reliability, method of internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficient was used, and also in order to assess validity, convergent validity, criterion validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: The results of correlation coefficient of convergent validity showed a relation between total score of (MCQ-A and its components with anxiety and depression except cognitive self-consciousness. Data were indicative of appropriate level of Coranbach’s alpha and split-half reliability coefficients of the MCQ-A and extracted factors. The results of factor analysis by principle components analysis and using varimax rotation showed 5 factors that account for 0.45% of the variance. Conclusion: MCQ-A has satisfactory psychometric properties in Iranian people

Kazem Khoramdel

2012-03-01

153

Schooling of the patients and clinical application of questionnaires in osteoarthitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the consistency of the questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS, SF 36-PCS and SF 36-MCS) when applied in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees (KOA) verifying if age and level of education interfere with the completion of the questionnaires. Method: One hundred and two [...] patients with KOA answered WOMAC, LESQUESNE, VAS and SF-36 questionnaires and provided data correlated with age and education. The internal consistency of the WOMAC questionnaire was verified with Cronbach's alpha. Pearson's correlations between the questionnaires, age and educational level was performed. Results: Mean age was 65 years old. Schooling averaged 7.94 years; WOMAC 47.95; VAS 63.57; Lequesne 12.29; PCS and MCS 31.91 43.68. Cronbach's alpha for WOMAC 0.9. Education did not affect WOMAC response (r=-0.182, p = 0.067) and MCS (r=0.021 / p=0.835), but showed weak but significant correlation with VAS (r=-0.264 / p=0.007), Lequesne (r=0.277, p=0.005) and PCS (r=0.309/ p=0.002). Age showed significant direct correlation only with PCS (r=0.205, p=0.039). Conclusion: The level of education does not interfere with the completion of WOMAC but may interfere with completing VAS, Lequesne and physical component of SF-36. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective Study.

Gustavo Constantino De, Campos; Marcelo Tomio, Kohara; Marcia Uchoa, Rezende; Olga Fugiko Magashima, Santana; Merilu Marins, Moreira; Olavo Pires De, Camargo.

2014-10-01

154

Validación del "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para población colombiana  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Propósito: validar el "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para el uso en población clínica colombiana, obtener una versión en español que tenga equivalencia trans-lingüística y evaluar la fiabilidad, sensibilidad al cambio, validez de contenido y de constructo del instrumento traducido y adaptado [...] al español. Métodos: estudio observacional de validación de una escala en 205 pacientes colombianos con patología de mano asistentes a las consultas de cirugía plástica, rehabilitación y reumatología en un Hospital Universitario de referencia regional. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales mostró seis dominios. A pesar de tener el mismo número de dominios, el contenido de algunos de ellos fue diferente a las subescalas originales. Se evaluó la consistencia interna incluyendo los 37 ítems de la escala original y se obtuvo un valor de Alfa de Cronbach de 0,92. Todas las subescalas tenían buena reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba excepto dolor. Al evaluar los resultados de la escala, tres y seis meses después de su primera aplicación, se pudo observar que había diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total y en la de cada una de las subescalas. Conclusiones: la versión en español para Colombia del “Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire” tiene buena confiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. La evaluación de consistencia interna indicó que la escala podría ser acortada y posiblemente mejoren aún más sus propiedades psicométricas. Abstract in english Purpose: to validate the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for its use in Colombian clinical population: to translate and adapt the scale in order to obtain a cross-linguistically equivalent version in Spanish, and to assess the reliability, sensitivity to change, and content and construct validi [...] ty of the Colombian Spanish version. Methods: observational study to validate a scale in 205 Colombian patients of plastic surgery, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in a University Hospital, who had a hand disorder. Results: the principal component analysis showed six domains, as in the original questionnaire, but the content of some of them differed from the original MHQ scales. We assessed internal consistency of the entire 37-item original scale, and Cronbach’s alpha was of 0,92. All scales had good test-retest reproducibility, except for the Pain scale. Upon evaluation of the results of the scale three and six months after its first application, significant differences could be observed in the total score as well as in the scores for each of the scales. Conclusions: the Colombian Spanish version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire has good reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. Assessment of internal consistency indicated that the scale could be reduced and its psychometric properties would possibly improve.

David, Miranda; Jorge, Ramírez; Liliana, Rueda; Jenny, García; Germán, Wolf; Luz Helena, Lugo A.

2008-10-01

155

Validación del "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para población colombiana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Propósito: validar el "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para el uso en población clínica colombiana, obtener una versión en español que tenga equivalencia trans-lingüística y evaluar la fiabilidad, sensibilidad al cambio, validez de contenido y de constructo del instrumento traducido y adaptado al español. Métodos: estudio observacional de validación de una escala en 205 pacientes colombianos con patología de mano asistentes a las consultas de cirugía plástica, rehabilitación y reumatología en un Hospital Universitario de referencia regional. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales mostró seis dominios. A pesar de tener el mismo número de dominios, el contenido de algunos de ellos fue diferente a las subescalas originales. Se evaluó la consistencia interna incluyendo los 37 ítems de la escala original y se obtuvo un valor de Alfa de Cronbach de 0,92. Todas las subescalas tenían buena reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba excepto dolor. Al evaluar los resultados de la escala, tres y seis meses después de su primera aplicación, se pudo observar que había diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total y en la de cada una de las subescalas. Conclusiones: la versión en español para Colombia del “Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire” tiene buena confiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. La evaluación de consistencia interna indicó que la escala podría ser acortada y posiblemente mejoren aún más sus propiedades psicométricas.Purpose: to validate the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for its use in Colombian clinical population: to translate and adapt the scale in order to obtain a cross-linguistically equivalent version in Spanish, and to assess the reliability, sensitivity to change, and content and construct validity of the Colombian Spanish version. Methods: observational study to validate a scale in 205 Colombian patients of plastic surgery, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in a University Hospital, who had a hand disorder. Results: the principal component analysis showed six domains, as in the original questionnaire, but the content of some of them differed from the original MHQ scales. We assessed internal consistency of the entire 37-item original scale, and Cronbach’s alpha was of 0,92. All scales had good test-retest reproducibility, except for the Pain scale. Upon evaluation of the results of the scale three and six months after its first application, significant differences could be observed in the total score as well as in the scores for each of the scales. Conclusions: the Colombian Spanish version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire has good reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. Assessment of internal consistency indicated that the scale could be reduced and its psychometric properties would possibly improve.

David Miranda

2008-10-01

156

Development of a self-administered questionnaire to screen patients for cervical myelopathy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In primary care, it is often difficult to diagnose cervical myelopathy. However, a delay in treatment could cause irreversible aftereffects. With a brief and effective self-administered questionnaire for cervical myelopathy, cervical myelopathy may be screened more easily and oversight may be avoided. As there is presently no screening tool for cervical myelopathy, the aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire for the screening of cervical myelopathy. Methods A case-control study was performed with the following two groups at our university hospital from February 2006 to September 2008. Sixty-two patients (48 men, 14 women with cervical myelopathy who underwent operative treatment were included in the myelopathy group. In the control group, 49 patients (20 men, 29 women with symptoms that could be distinguished from those of cervical myelopathy, such as numbness, pain in the upper extremities, and manual clumsiness, were included. The underlying conditions were diagnosed as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, diabetes mellitus neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and neuralgic amyotrophy. Twenty items for a questionnaire in this study were chosen from the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, which is a new self-administered questionnaire, as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis using the chi-square test and by multiple logistic regression analysis. According to the resulting odds ratio, ?-coefficients, and p value, items were chosen and assigned a score. Results Eight items were chosen by univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and assigned a score. The Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic showed p = 0.805. The area under the receiver operation characteristic curve was 0.86. The developed questionnaire had a sensitivity of 93.5% and a specificity of 67.3%. Conclusions We successfully developed a simple self-administered questionnaire to screen for cervical myelopathy.

Sekiguchi Yasufumi

2010-11-01

157

Present diagnostic strategies for acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Results of a questionnaire in a retrospective trial conducted by the Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study is to re-evaluate and clarify the diagnostic role of ventilation/perfusion lung scintigraphy in Japan, now that single-detector-row helical CT and multidetector-row CT are available in clinical practice. The Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine distributed a questionnaire to institutions in Japan equipped with scintillation cameras as of September 2001. Of 1,222 institutions, 239 returned effective answers (19.6%). The most frequent combination for initial diagnosis of acute pulmonary thromboembolism was chest radiography, perfusion lung scintigraphy, and contrast-enhanced CT (111 institutions, 46.4%). The questionnaire revealed that the validity and usage of perfusion lung scintigraphy and those of contrast-enhanced CT were equivalent in the present clinical situation. On the other hand, the diagnostic value of ventilation lung scintigraphy in suspected pulmonary thromboembolism has not been established in Japan. Even though contrast-enhanced CT is widely used in Japan, perfusion lung scintigraphy is still required to determine disease severity and monitor its progress. (author)

Kawamoto, Masami; Inoue, Tomio [Yokohama City Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Ogura, Yasuharu; Narabayashi, Isamu [Osaka Medical Coll., Takatsuki (Japan); Honda, Norinari [Saitama Medical School, Kawagoe (Japan). Saitama Medical Center; Satoh, Katashi [Kagawa Medical Univ., Miki (Japan); Suga, Kazuyoshi [Yamaguchi Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Mori, Yutaka [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan); Imai, Teruhiko [Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan)

2002-12-01

158

Vocal Self Assessment Questionnaire: Epidemological Control Tool of the Ocupational Dysphonic Syndrome in Professors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The dysphonic syndrome is an occupational disease of high prevalence in the professor population. Objective: In order to broach preventively the vocal aggression, it was tried to standardize a self assessment questionnaire to professors of all educational level, including beyond the clinical symptoms also the factors of the work organization. Method: It was performed a study of transversal cut in 328 professors of 4 educational institutions of the northern of São Paulo, which it was applied a self assessment questionnaire elaborated by TRipartite Commission of Standardization for Professional Voice. Results: It was determined the prevalence of clinical symptoms that compound the dysphonic syndrome, as well as it was delineate the work organization and the quality of life of this population. Conclusion: The questionnaire applied was showed itself satisfactory en the description and elaboration of parameters with the aim of to implement preventive programs to populations exposed to professional overload of the voice use. Case study.

Almeida, Sandra Irene Cubas de

2010-09-01

159

Childbirth experience questionnaire (CEQ: development and evaluation of a multidimensional instrument  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Negative experiences of first childbirth increase risks for maternal postpartum depression and may negatively affect mothers' attitudes toward future pregnancies and choice of delivery method. Postpartum questionnaires assessing mothers' childbirth experiences are needed to aid in identifying mothers in need of support and counselling and in isolating areas of labour and birth management and care potentially in need of improvement. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire for assessing different aspects of first-time mothers' childbirth experiences. Methods Childbirth domains were derived from literature searches, discussions with experienced midwives and interviews with first-time mothers. A draft version of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ was pilot tested for face validity among 25 primiparous women. The revised questionnaire was mailed one month postpartum to 1177 primiparous women with a normal pregnancy and spontaneous onset of active labor and 920 returned evaluable questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis and promax rotation was performed to identify dimensions of the childbirth experience. Multitrait scaling analysis was performed to test scaling assumptions and reliability of scales. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing scores from subgroups known to differ in childbirth experiences. Results Factor analysis of the 22 item questionnaire yielded four factors accounting for 54% of the variance. The dimensions were labelled Own capacity, Professional support, Perceived safety, and Participation. Multitrait scaling analysis confirmed the fit of the four-dimensional model and scaling success was achieved in all four sub-scales. The questionnaire showed good sensitivity with dimensions discriminating well between groups hypothesized to differ in experience of childbirth. Conclusion The CEQ measures important dimensions of the first childbirth experience and may be used to measure different aspects of maternal satisfaction with labour and birth.

Bergqvist Liselotte

2010-12-01

160

Reliability and validity of a Mental Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire is an instrument designed by the World Health Organization (WHO in 2000 to assess the experience of patients when interacting with the health care system. This investigation aimed to adapt a Mental Health System Responsiveness Questionnaire (MHSRQ based on the WHO concept and evaluate its validity and reliability to the mental health care system in Iran. Design: In accordance with the WHO health system responsiveness questionnaire and the findings of a qualitative study, a Farsi version of the MHSRQ was tailored to suit the mental health system in Iran. This version was tested in a cross-sectional study at nine public mental health clinics in Tehran. A sample of 500 mental health services patients was recruited and subsequently completed the questionnaire. Item missing rate was used to check the feasibility while the reliability of the scale was determined by assessing the Cronbach's alpha and item total correlations. The factor structure of the questionnaire was investigated by performing confirmatory factor analysis (CFA. Results: The results showed a satisfactory feasibility since the item missing value was lower than 5.2%. With the exception of access domain, reliability of different domains of the questionnaire was within a desirable range. The factor loading showed an acceptable unidimentionality of the scale despite the fact that three items related to access did not perform well. The CFA also indicated good fit indices for the model (CFI=0.99, GFI=0.97, IFI=0.99, AGFI=0.97. Conclusions: In general, the findings suggest that the Farsi version of the MHSRQ is a feasible, reliable, and valid measure of the mental health system responsiveness in Iran. Changes to the questions related to the access domain should be considered in order to improve the psychometric properties of the measure.

Ameneh S. Forouzan

2014-07-01

 
 
 
 
161

Psychometric analysis of the Sexual Interest Cardsort Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reliability, measured by Cronbach's coefficient alpha, and concurrent validity, measured by Pearson's r and polychoric correlation coefficients, were evaluated in this study. A sample of 371 sexual offenders referred to the Behavioral Medicine Institute of Atlanta for evaluation of sexual interests and behaviors by the courts were assessed using the Sexual Interest Cardsort Questionnaire (SI), a self-report measure of deviant and nondeviant sexual interest, as well as indicator variables obtained from classifications assigned by clinicians as a result of 2 hour-long, semistructured clinical interviews. Internal consistency of 75 items from the SI ranged from 0.71 to 0.96, across 15 categories of sexual interest and behavior. Additionally, the SI was shortened utilizing Cronbach's alphas to maintain a high level of internal consistency. The resulting questionnaire, the shortened SI (SIS), had 45 items and 15 categories. Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.78 to 0.97. Utilizing Pearson's r and polychoric correlation coefficients, significant correlations were found for the 11 sexually deviant categories of the SI and indicator variables, and the 10 sexually deviant categories of the SIS and indicator variables. The SI and SIS showed a high level of reliability and concurrent validity. Clinical and research issues pertaining to the clinical assessment of male sexual offenders utilizing self-report and clinical interview data, both obtained as the result of comprehensive evaluations, are discussed. PMID:10872240

Holland, L A; Zolondek, S C; Abel, G G; Jordan, A D; Becker, J V

2000-04-01

162

Geriatrics in medical students’ curricula: questionnaire-based analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Demographic development is accompanied by an increasingly aging society. Concerning medical education, the treatment of older people as well as the scientific research and exploration of ageing aspects in the coming years need to be considered. Aim of the study was to ascertain medical students’ knowledge, interest, and attitudes regarding older patients and geriatric medicine. Methods Each participant completed a self-designed questionnaire. This questionnaire was based on three validated internationally recognised questionnaires (“Facts on Aging Quiz – FAQ”, “Expectations Regarding Aging – ERA” and the “Aging Semantic Differential – ASD”). The inquiry and survey were performed at the beginning of the summer term in 2012 at the University of Regensburg Medical School. Results A total of n?=?184/253 (72.7%) students participated in this survey. The results of the FAQ 25+ showed that respondents were able to answer an average of M?=?20.4 of 36 questions (56.7%) correctly (Median, Md?=?21; SD ±6.1). The personal attitudes and expectations of ageing averaged M?=?41.2 points on the Likert-scale that ranged from 0 to 100 (Md?=?40.4; SD ±13.7). Respondents’ attitudes towards the elderly (ASD 24) averaged M?=?3.5 points on the Likert-scale (range 1–7, Md 3.6, SD ±0.8). Conclusions In our investigation, medical students’ knowledge of ageing was comparable to previous surveys. Attitudes and expectations of ageing were more positive compared to previous studies. Overall, medical students expect markedly high cognitive capacities towards older people that can actively prevent cognitive impairment. However, medical students’ personal interest in medicine of ageing and older people seems to be rather slight. PMID:25062568

2014-01-01

163

Psychometric properties of two physical activity questionnaires, the AQuAA and the PASE, in cancer patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of two self-report physical activity (PA questionnaires - the AQuAA (Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents and PASE (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly - in cancer patients. Methods Test-retest reliability was determined by administering the questionnaires twice within 5 days. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC, standard error of measurement (SEM and smallest detectable difference (SDD were calculated. Construct validity was determined by comparing the questionnaire results with ActiGraph accelerometer scores using Spearman correlation coefficients (rs and ICCs. Content validity was examined using the Three-Step Test-Interview (TSTI. Results Reliability for the AQuAA scores were fair to excellent (ICC = 0.57 to 0.78. Reliability for the PASE scores ranged from good to excellent (ICC = 0.67 to 0.90. Correlations between the ActiGraph and the AQuAA and the PASE were low (rs = 0.05 and 0.16 respectively, and ICC = -0.001 to 0.44. The TSTI showed that participants experienced difficulties with the examples provided with the questions, the perceptions of intensity level of PA, and with recalling the time spent on PA. Conclusions Both questionnaires showed good to excellent test-retest reliability for most scores. Construct validity of both questionnaires was low, as indicated by the low correlations with the ActiGraph. Except for a few difficulties that participants perceived when filling out the questionnaires, the content validity of both questionnaires was good.

van Mechelen Willem

2011-03-01

164

Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil: validação semântica Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Brazil Version: semantic validation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar tradução e adaptação transcultural do Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10, que avalia o craving por maconha em uma amostra brasileira. MÉTODO: O MCQ-SF foi traduzido do inglês para o português, aplicado em 10 sujeitos, submetido ao brainstorming num grupo de três indivíduos para reprodução individual e verbal, item a item. Realizou-se o back-translation, uma versão para o idioma de origem, a partir da primeira tradução e do brainstorming. Logo após, traduziu-se novamente para o português. Um comitê de juízes especialistas analisou todas as traduções. RESULTADOS: Após as considerações do comitê e um estudo-piloto com 30 sujeitos, a versão final do MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil foi construída. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram uma equivalência semântica satisfatória entre as versões. O MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil pode ser útil para avaliar o craving pela maconha nos dependentes dessa substância.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF was translated from English to Portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. Back-translation was executed, a translation for the original language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. Soon after, it was translated again into Portuguese. A committee of specialists analyzed all translations. RESULTS: After the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil was built. CONCLUSION: The results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. The MCQ/Versão Brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.

Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso

2009-01-01

165

Measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) : a cross-national validity study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this research was to examine the measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) across two European nations. Participants were Italian and German undergraduate students. First, confirmatory factor analysis was used to test for the two-factor structure of the ERQ; subsequently, measurement invariance was analysed. The results showed acceptable fit indices for the German and Italian sample; however, results with regard to t...

Sala, M. N.; Molina, P.; Abler, B.; Kessler, H.; Vanbrabant, L. G. F.; Schoot, R.

2012-01-01

166

Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective: The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method: To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371, trauma therapists in training (n=80, and refugee counselors (n=197 filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results: Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion: With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses.

Katharina Weitkamp

2014-01-01

167

Family physicians’ diagnostic gut feelings are measurable: construct validation of a questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Family physicians perceive that gut feelings, i.e. a ‘sense of reassurance’ or a ‘sense of alarm’, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning. A measuring instrument is desirable for further research. Our objective is to validate a questionnaire measuring the presence of gut feelings in diagnostic reasoning. Methods We constructed 16 case vignettes from real practice situations and used the accompanying ‘sense of reassurance’ or the ‘sense of alarm’ as reference labels. Based on the results of an initial study (26 family physicians, we divided the case vignettes into a group involving a clear role for the sense of reassurance or the sense of alarm and a group involving an ambiguous role. 49 experienced family physicians evaluated each 10 vignettes using the questionnaire. Construct validity was assessed by testing hypotheses and an internal consistency procedure was performed. Results As hypothesized we found that the correlations between the reference labels and corresponding items were high for the clear-case vignettes (0.59 – 0.72 and low for the ambiguous-case vignettes (0.08 – 0.23. The agreement between the classification in clear sense of reassurance, clear sense of alarm and ambiguous case vignettes as derived from the initial study and the study population’s judgments was substantial (Kappa = 0.62. Factor analysis showed one factor with opposites for sense of reassurance and sense of alarm items. The questionnaire’s internal consistency was high (0.91. We provided a linguistic validated English-language text of the questionnaire. Conclusions The questionnaire appears to be valid. It enables quantitative research into the role of gut feelings and their diagnostic value in family physicians’ diagnostic reasoning.

Stolper Christiaan F

2013-01-01

168

A Korean rheumatic diseases screening questionnaire.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of our study was to develop a Korean rheumatic diseases-screening questionnaire. The questionnaire was constructed based on American College of Rheumatology criteria for rheumatic diseases and a connective tissue diseases screening questionnaire. Two groups of patients were selected and completed the questionnaire: (i) those with osteoarthritis (n=46), rheumatoid arthritis (n=52), systemic lupus erythematosus (n=50), scleroderma (n=8), polymyositis or dermatomyositis (n=7), Sjogren's ...

Lee, Hye-soon; Oh, Kwang-taek; Kim, Tae-hwan; Jung, Sungsoo; Yoo, Dae-hyun; Bae, Sang-cheol

2003-01-01

169

Psychometric properties of a prostate cancer radiation late toxicity questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background To construct a short prostate cancer radiation late toxicity (PCRT) questionnaire with health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) domains. Methods The PCRT was developed by item generation, questionnaire construction (n = 7 experts, n = 8 focus group patients), pilot testing (n = 37), item reduction (n = 100), reliability testing (n = 237), and validity testing (n = 274). Results Reliability of the three item-reduced subscales demon...

Lock Michael; Bauman Glenn; Rodrigues George; Souza David, D.; Mahon Jeff

2007-01-01

170

Parental view of epilepsy in Angelman syndrome: a questionnaire study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

PURPOSE—To explore parents' opinions and concerns about seizures, anticonvulsants, and the effect of treatment in children with Angelman syndrome.?DESIGN—A postal questionnaire was sent to members of one of the UK lay groups for Angelman syndrome (ASSERT) who had a child affected by Angelman syndrome. The questionnaire requested general medical information and information about the epilepsy, its treatment, and treatment responses.?RESULTS—One hundred and fifty ques...

Ruggieri, M.; Mcshane, M.

1998-01-01

171

[The use of scales and questionnaires in vertebrology].  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessment of treatment results using standardized questionnaires became a routine for clinical studies in all European spinal centers and in a number of Russian clinics. Questionnaires and scales that are commonly used in spine surgery are systemized in the present paper as follows: SF-6, SF-12, ODI, RDQ, QBPDQ, BPFS, VAS, NRS, CPGQ, MPQ, WLQ, Macnab, Prolo, LBOS. Recommendations on the analysis of data obtained with the help of these scale are presented. PMID:22027608

Byval'tsev, V A; Belykh, E G; Sorokovikov, V A; Arsent'eva, N I

2011-01-01

172

Validating MOSPA questionnaire for measuring physical activity in Pakistani women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Precise measurements of activity at a population level are important for monitoring trends and evaluating health promotion strategies. Few studies have assessed the measurement of physical activity in developing countries. The aim of this study was to validate the MOSPA (Monica Optional Study of Physical Activity questionnaire which was developed for the WHO-Monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovasculr disease (MONICA study sites. Methods The MOSPA questionnaire assesses energy expendtiture (EE related to physical activity (employment, household work, transportation, and leisure time over a one year period. This questionnaire has been described in the manuscript as the long term (LT questionnaire. An adapted short term (ST 5 day questionnaire was developed to assess convergent validity. Questionnaire data were compared with physical activity EE estimates from a Caltrac accelerometer and with body composition measures (height, weight and bioelectrical impedance in 50 women from the Aga Khan University (AKU hospital antenatal clinics, Pakistan. Other forms of EE i.e. resting EE and thermic effect of food were not assessd in this study. Results Subjects were aged 26 ± 3.8 years and were 16.1 ± 6.7 weeks pregnant. Their average weight was 58.8 ± 10.7 Kg. The average EE/day assessed by the Caltrac accelerometer, was 224 kcal and by MOSPA LT questionnaire it was 404 kcal. The questionnaires and Caltrac data were reasonably well correlated: r = 0.51 and r = 0.60 (P Conclusion The MOSPA questionnaire is useful in assessing physical activity levels in a sedentary population over a one year period.

Qureshi Rahat

2006-08-01

173

Estudo descritivo do inventário do treino técnico-desportivo do tenista: resultados parciais segundo o ranking / A descriptive study of the "Technical Training Questionnaire for Tennis Players": partial results according to ranking  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A formação técnico-desportiva do jovem tenista é constituída principalmente pelo exercício de um grupo de jogadas exigidas para o desempenho na quadra de jogo: Golpes de Definição (GD) e Golpes de Preparação (GP). Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar como foi realizado o treino técnico-desporti [...] vo de jovens tenistas brasileiros (13 - 16 anos), que participaram do circuito nacional de competições da Confederação Brasileira de Tênis (CBT) no ano de 2003. Ainda, objetivamos descrever possíveis diferenças entre o treino dos tenistas posicionados no ranking entre os 10 melhores do país (TR) e tenistas não posicionados entre os 10 melhores do país (TS). Após aplicação do Inventário do Treino Técnico-desportivo do Tenista (ITTT), observou-se diferença significativa na freqüência de treinamento dos grupos de golpes GP e GD [TR (t(63)= 13,6; p = 0,0001); TS (t= 10,6; gl = 165) p = 0,0001)]. Existe diferença significativa (p Abstract in english The technical development of young tennis players is obtained with the exercise of sets of techniques, which are required for the optimal performance: techniques of definition (GD) and preparation (GP).The goal of this study was investigate how the technical training of young tennis players from Bra [...] zil (13 to 16 years of age), who participated in competitions of the Brazilian Tennis Federation, was performed during the year of 2003. Further, we wanted to describe possible differences between players ranked among the 10 best players in Brazil (TR), and players not ranked among the 10 best players in Brazil (TS). After applying the Tennis Technical Questionnaire (5), a significant difference was found in the frequency of training between GP e GD [TR (t(63)= 13.6; p = 0.0001); TS (t = 10.6; gl = 165) p = 0.0001)]. There was a significant difference (p

Marcos A. A., Balbinotti; Carlos A. A., Balbinotti; António T., Marques; Adroaldo C. A., Gaya.

2005-01-01

174

Sintomas respiratórios na população da cidade de Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brasil: resultados da aplicação de um questionário padronizado Respiratory symptoms in Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil: results from the use of a standardized questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As doenças respiratórias constituem expressiva parcela da morbidade na população da cidade de Ribeirão Preto, como comprovam alguns autores. Em particular, as doenças pulmonares crônicas não-específicas motivam número grande de internações a cada ano. Tais doenças podem ser detectadas através de sintomas relatados em entrevistas pessoais, quando se usa um questionário padronizado. Em uma amostra de 3.353 indivíduos de mais de 3 anos de idade, correspondendo a 878 domicílios visitados, foi feito levantamento de sintomas respiratórios, na população do município de Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brasil, utilizando-se questionário padronizado. Os resultados mostraram: 3,4% de pessoas do sexo feminino e 2,4% do sexo masculino com sintomas sugestivos da asma brônquica; 5,5% do sexo masculino e 3,3% do sexo feminino com sintomas sugestivos de bronquite crônica; 15,5% dos homens e 11,3% das mulheres referiram tosse; dispnéia com limitação funcional foi relatada em 0,96% dos homens e 2,48% das mulheres.The prevalence of asthma, chronic bronchitis and some other respiratory symptoms was estimated on the basis of a standardized questionnaire. Three thousand three hundred and fifty-three people were interviewed at home. On the basis of the criteria adapted 3.49% of the females and 2.4% of the males were considered asthmatic. Likewise, in 5.54% of the males and 3.37% of females the symptoms were strongly suggestive of chronic bronchitis. Shortness of breath was recorded in 0.96% of the males and 2.48% of the females.

Marcelo de Carvalho Ramos

1983-02-01

175

Reliability and validity of the Health Outcomes Burn Questionnaire for infants and children in The Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Health Outcomes Burn Questionnaire (HOBQ) is a self-administered questionnaire to monitor outcome after burns in young children. This study aimed to assess feasibility, reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the HOBQ. The HOBQ was adapted into Dutch and tested in a population of children aged 0-4 years with a primary admission to a Dutch burn centre in March 2001-February 2004. Parents of 413 children were sent a questionnaire. To assess validity, a generic outcome instrument was included, the Infant Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL). The response rate was 50.0% (n=196). Mean self-reported completion time was 16.7 min. The internal consistency of all the HOBQ-scales was good (Cronbach's alpha's>0.69). Test-retest results showed no differences in 7 out of 10 scales. High correlations between HOBQ-scales and conceptually equivalent ITQOL and scales were found in 5 out of 7 comparisons. The majority of the HOBQ-scales (7 out of 10) showed significant differences in the expected direction between children with a long versus short length of stay. Our data support the reliability and validity of the Dutch HOBQ. The HOBQ can be used as a research tool, to monitor functional outcome after burns in young children. Further research in other samples is recommend to fully establish the reliability and validity of the HOBQ. PMID:16487664

van Baar, M E; Essink-Bot, M L; Oen, I M M H; Dokter, J; Boxma, H; Hinson, M I; van Loey, N E E; Faber, A W; van Beeck, E F

2006-05-01

176

INTERNAL CONSISTENCY AND FACTORIAL ANALYSIS OF THE SCOFF QUESTIONNAIRE FOR SCREENING EATING DISORDERS AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS: A GENDER COMPARISON  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Symptoms of eating disorders (ED have increased among males recently. The SCOFF questionnairefor screening ED counts on a formal validation in Colombian only on girl students. However, psychometricproperties of this questionnaire in males are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determinethe internal consistency and factors of the SCOFF questionnaire and make a gender comparisonamong adolescent students from Bucaramanga, Colombia. A probabilistic sample of 2496 male and2375 female, aged 10-19 year-old, completed the SCOFF questionnaire and the CAGE questionnairethat identifies abusive alcohol consumption (divergent validation. The internal consistency of the SCOFFwas established with the Kuder-Richardson’s formula 20, and the divergence with the CAGE questionnairewith the Pearson’s correlation. Results showed among male an internal consistency 0.521, andamong female a consistency of 0.584. One factor explained 34.7% of the variance in males, and one especifactor was responsible of 37.5% of variance in females. Finally, SCOFF scores and CAGE scorespresented a poor correlation both males and females. In conclusion the SCOFF questionnaire presents an acceptable internal consistency, and a high divergence with the CAGE questionnaire among male and female adolescents. Further, the criterion validation of SCOFF questionnaire is needed for males.

ADALBERTO CAMPO-ARIAS

2006-05-01

177

Tradução e adaptação transcultural do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Atualmente há um aumento crescente no número de diagnósticos de artrite reumatoide, seja graças à evolução dos métodos diagnósticos ou a intensas pesquisas realizadas na área de reumatologia, porém há uma lacuna quanto a instrumentos de medidas para acompanhamento no campo físico e psíquico da evolução dessa doença, que pode causar limitações físicas graves com o seu avanço, além do comprometimento de diversos aspectos da qualidade de vida. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo desenvolver a versão em português brasileiro do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, um instrumento de avaliação e monitoramento do estado de saúde em pacientes com transtornos e doenças que incapacitam as atividades cotidianas realizadas pelas suas mãos. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas duas traduções e retrotraduções por avaliadores independentes e cegos quanto ao instrumento original, seguidas de composição de uma versão sintética, testada experimentalmente em um grupo de sujeitos da população geral e também pacientes com diagnóstico de artrite. RESULTADOS: São apresentadas todas as fases do processo. A participação de tradutores especialistas em saúde mental, reumatologia e ortopedia favoreceu a adequação dos termos utilizados ao construto mensurado. A aplicação experimental evidenciou a correta compreensão de todos os itens, quanto ao seu significado, por todos os respondentes. CONCLUSÃO: Elaborada a versão em português brasileiro da Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire.INTRODUCTION: Currently there are an increasing number of diagnoses of rheumatoid arthritis thanks to developments in diagnostic methods or the extensive research conducted in the area of Rheumatology, however, but there is a gap in the measurement instruments for monitoring the field of physical and mental development of this disease that cause severe physical limitations with their progress in addition to impairment of various aspects of quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to develop the Brazilian Portuguese version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, an instrument of evaluation and monitoring of health status in patients with disorders and diseases that inable the daily activities carried out by their hands. METHODS: We performed two independent translations and back translations by independent examiners blinded to the original instrument, then the composition of a synthetic version, tested experimentally in a group of subjects from the general population and also patients with arthritis. RESULTS: We present all stages of the process. The participation of translators specialized in mental health, orthopedics and rheumatology favored the appropriateness of the terms used to construct measured. The experimental application showed a correct understanding of all items, as to its meaning for all respondents. CONCLUSION: Developed the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire.

Natalia Pinho de Oliveira Ribeiro

2011-01-01

178

Environmental education curriculum evaluation questionnaire: A reliability and validity study  

Science.gov (United States)

The intention of this research project was to bridge the gap between social science research and application to the environmental domain through the development of a theoretically derived instrument designed to give educators a template by which to evaluate environmental education curricula. The theoretical base for instrument development was provided by several developmental theories such as Piaget's theory of cognitive development, Developmental Systems Theory, Life-span Perspective, as well as curriculum research within the area of environmental education. This theoretical base fueled the generation of a list of components which were then translated into a questionnaire with specific questions relevant to the environmental education domain. The specific research question for this project is: Can a valid assessment instrument based largely on human development and education theory be developed that reliably discriminates high, moderate, and low quality in environmental education curricula? The types of analyses conducted to answer this question were interrater reliability (percent agreement, Cohen's Kappa coefficient, Pearson's Product-Moment correlation coefficient), test-retest reliability (percent agreement, correlation), and criterion-related validity (correlation). Face validity and content validity were also assessed through thorough reviews. Overall results indicate that 29% of the questions on the questionnaire demonstrated a high level of interrater reliability and 43% of the questions demonstrated a moderate level of interrater reliability. Seventy-one percent of the questions demonstrated a high test-retest reliability and 5% a moderate level. Fifty-five percent of the questions on the questionnaire were reliable (high or moderate) both across time and raters. Only eight questions (8%) did not show either interrater or test-retest reliability. The global overall rating of high, medium, or low quality was reliable across both coders and time, indicating that the questionnaire can discriminate differences in quality of environmental education curricula. Of the 35 curricula evaluated, 6 were high quality, 14 were medium quality and 15 were low quality. The criterion-related validity of the instrument is at current time unable to be established due to the lack of comparable measures or a concretely usable set of multidisciplinary standards. Face and content validity were sufficiently demonstrated.

Minner, Daphne Diane

179

Construct validity of multidimensional personality questionnaire (MPQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents two studies aimed at the examination of the factor structure of The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ and joint factor structure of the scales of MPQ and SPSRQ (The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire. In the first research conducted on the sample of 1127 participants of both sexes, age 18 to 67, the results of the principal component analysis of the MPQ scales point to the existence of three higher-order dimensions, named General Adaptedness, Psychopathic Tendencies and Negative Emotionality. These dimensions correspond to the dimensions of the Eysenck’s PEN model to the greater extent than they achieve the assumed similarity with the dimensions of the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. In the second study conducted on the sample of 199 respondents of both sexes, age 18 to 59, the results of the joint principal component analysis of the MPQ and SPSRQ scales point to the existence of three higher order dimensions, which correspond to the Tellegen’s Positive Emotionality, Negative Emotionality, and Constraint. .

Mitrovi? Dušanka

2007-01-01

180

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Eplov, L.F. (2010). The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

A Catalog of Biases in Questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bias in questionnaires is an important issue in public health research. To collect the most accurate data from respondents, investigators must understand and be able to prevent or at least minimize bias in the design of their questionnaires. This paper identifies and categorizes 48 types of bias in questionnaires based on a review of the literature and offers an example of each type. The types are categorized according to three main sources of bias: the way a question is designed, the way the questionnaire as a whole is designed, and how the questionnaire is administered. This paper is intended to help investigators in public health understand the mechanism and dynamics of problems in questionnaire design and to provide a checklist for identifying potential bias in a questionnaire before it is administered.

Bernard C.K. Choi, PhD

2005-01-01

182

Emotional intelligence and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study explores the relationship between the Bar-on EQ-I and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire OPQ32i to determine if there is a link between self- and other-reported Emotional Intelligence and personality traits. Data was obtained from 329 managers working in the IT and Finance sectors and included multi-source (360 degree measures of Emotional Intelligence. Results indicated construct overlap and correlations between some elements of Emotional Intelligence and the OPQ32i with a stronger relationship between 360 measures of Emotional Intelligence and personality. On both the self-report measure of EQ-I and the 360 measure the mood scale showed a strongest link with personality factors. Measures of Emotional Intelligence which include a 360 component may thus provide a more useful indicator of an individual’s ability to manage their own feelings and those of others.

AdrianFurnham

2014-09-01

183

Questionnaire 5YR 2013 - Thank you  

CERN Multimedia

One thousand four hundred and sixty-three of you, i.e., some 58 % of staff members (or clearly more if we take account of staff absent during the month of October), responded to our questionnaire on the upcoming Five-yearly review. This is a great success, because the response rate is significantly higher than in 2003 or 2008, when only about 50 % replied. After having checked the representativeness of the replies with regard to certain key variables, the detailed analysis of the results has now started. At public meetings scheduled for the second week of February 2014, we plan to share with you the information that your delegates have distilled from the answers to the questionnaire. On that occasion you will be able to give your feedback. Your active participation in these meetings will allow us to consolidate the demands we will propose in the consultation process with Management for inclusion in the list of topics to be addressed by the Director-General. Indeed, the Director-General must provide a menu o...

Staff Association

2013-01-01

184

End-of-life practices in Danish ICUs: development and validation of a questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Practices for withholding or withdrawing therapy vary according to professional, cultural and religious differences. No Danish-validated questionnaire examining withholding and withdrawing practices exists, thus the aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire for surveying the views of intensive care nurses, intensivists, and primary physicians regarding collaboration and other aspects of withholding and withdrawing therapy in the ICU. Methods A questionnaire was developed on the basis of literature, focus group interviews with intensive care nurses and intensivists, and individual interviews with primary physicians. The questionnaire was validated in the following 3 phases: a qualitative test with 17 participants; a quantitative pilot test with 60 participants; and a survey with 776 participants. The validation process included tests for face and content validity (by interviewing participants in the qualitative part of the pilot study, reliability (by assessing the distribution of responses within the individual response categories, agreement (by conducting a test-retest, evaluated by paired analyses, known groups’ validity (as a surrogate test for responsiveness, by comparing two ICUs with a known difference in end-of-life practices, floor and ceiling effect, and missing data. Results Face and content validity were assessed as good by the participants in the qualitative pilot test; all considered the questions relevant and none of the participants found areas lacking. Almost all response categories were used by the participants, thus demonstrating the questionnaires ability to distinguish between different respondents, agreement was fair (the average test-retest agreement for the Likert scale responses was 0.54 (weighted kappa; range, 0.25-0.73, and known groups’ validity was proved by finding significant differences in level of satisfaction with interdisciplinary collaboration and in experiences of withdrawal decisions being unnecessarily postponed. Floor and ceiling effect was in accordance with other questionnaires, and missing data was limited to a range of 0-7% for all questions. Conclusions The validation showed good and fair areas of validity of the questionnaire. The questionnaire is considered a useful tool to assess the perceptions of collaboration and other aspects of withholding and withdrawing therapy practices in Danish ICUs amongst nurses, intensivists, and primary physicians.

Jensen Hanne

2012-08-01

185

Factorial invariance of the Patient Health Questionnaire and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives The UK's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme uses the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001, J. Gen. Intern. Med., 16, 606) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7; Spitzer et al., 2006, Arch. Intern. Med., 166, 1092) to assess patients' symptoms of depression and anxiety respectively. Data are typically collected via telephone or face-to-face; however, no study has statistically investigated whether the questionnaires' items operate equivalently across these modes of data collection. This study aimed to address this omission. Methods & Results Questionnaire data from patients registered with an IAPT service in London (N = 23,672) were examined. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that unidimensional factor structures adequately matched observed face-to-face and telephone data for the PHQ-9 and GAD-7. Invariance analyses revealed that while the PHQ-9 had equivalent factor loadings and latent means across data collection methods, the GAD-7 had equivalent factor loadings but unequal latent means. In support of the scales' convergent validity, positive associations between scores on the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 emerged. Conclusions With the exception of the GAD-7's latent means, the questionnaires' factor loadings and latent means were equivalent. This suggests that clinicians may meaningfully compare PHQ-9 data collected face-to-face and by telephone; however, such comparisons with the GAD-7 should be done with caution. Practitioner points The PHQ-9 and GAD-7's factor loadings were equivalent across data collection methods. Only the PHQ-9's latent means were equivalent across data collection methods. Clinicians may be confident collecting PHQ-9 data by telephone and face-to-face and, then, comparing such data. Caution is recommended when determining clinical effectiveness using telephone and face-to-face GAD-7 data. More psychometric research is warranted. PMID:24117915

Ryan, Travis A; Bailey, Alastair; Fearon, Pasco; King, John

2013-01-01

186

Agreement between questionnaire and medical records on some health and socioeconomic problems among poisoning cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the agreement between questionnaire and medical records on some health and socioeconomic problems among poisoning cases. Methods Cross-sectional sample of 100 poisoning cases consecutively admitted to the Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia during the period from September 2003 to February 2004 were studied. Data on health and socioeconomic problems were collected both by self-administered questionnaire and from medical records. Agreement between the two sets of data was assessed by calculating the concordance rate, Kappa (k and PABAK. McNemar statistic was used to test differences between categories. Results Data collected by questionnaire and medical records showed excellent agreement on the "marital status"; good agreements on "chronic illness", "psychiatric illness", and "previous history of poisoning"; and fair agreements on "at least one health problem", and "boy-girl friends problem". PABAK values suggest better agreements' measures. Conclusion There were excellent to good agreements between questionnaire and medical records on the marital status and most of the health problems and fair to poor agreements on the majority of socioeconomic problems. The implications of those findings were discussed.

Fathelrahman Ahmed I

2009-09-01

187

Standard values and relationship-specific validity of the Bielefeld Relationship Expectations Questionnaire (BFPE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Bielefeld Partnership Expectations Questionnaire (BFPE is a tool to assess attachment in the romantic relationships of adults. The attachment styles are operationalized as configuration patterns of scale scores. While convergent validity has already been investigated, discriminant validity is still lacking confirmation. Methods The present sample (n = 1509 is representative for the German population aged 18 to 50. The mean age was 34.6 years. Most of the participants lived in a relationship (77.3 %. Discriminant validity was analyzed using a marital quality questionnaire (PFB, a social support questionnaire (F-Soz-U K-14, and a life satisfaction questionnaire (FLZ. Results All the BFPE scales have a satisfying internal consistency between r = .79 and .86. Those individuals who showed a secure pattern, i.e. increased "Readiness for Self-Disclosure" and "Conscious Need for Care" as well as reduced "Fear of Rejection" experienced their partner as socially supportive, reported higher marital quality in all of its facets, and were more satisfied within the life-domains "family/children" and "relationship/sexuality". Standard values for each scale are presented. Conclusions The BFPE has repeatedly been verified as a short, reliable, and valid instrument applicable to research practice with healthy individuals as well as within clinical contexts.

Stöbel-Richter Yve

2010-10-01

188

Construction and updating of a public events questionnaire for repeated measures longitudinal studies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Impairments of retrospective memory and cases of retrograde amnesia are often seen in clinical settings. A measure of the proportion of memories retained over a specified time can be useful in clinical situations and public events questionnaires may be valuable in this respect. However, consistency of retention of public events memory has rarely been studied in the same participants. In addition, when used in a research context, public events questionnaires require updating to ensure questions are of equivalent age with respect to when the test is taken. This paper describes an approach to constructing and updating a Public Events Questionnaire (PEQ for use with a sample that is recruited and followed-up over a long time-period. Internal consistency, parallel-form reliability, test-retest reliability and secondary validity analyses were examined for three versions of the PEQ that were updated every six months. Versions 2 and 3 of the questionnaire were reliable across and within versions and for recall and recognition. Change over time was comparable across each version of the PEQ. These results show that PEQs can be regularly updated in a standardised fashion to allow use throughout studies with long recruitment periods.

MarthaNoone

2014-03-01

189

Analysis of consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat using a structured survey questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a structured survey questionnaire was used to determine consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat at a horse meat restaurant located in Jeju, Korea, from October 1 to December 24, 2005. The questionnaire employed in this study consisted of 20 questions designed to characterize six general attributes: horse meat sensory property, physical appearance, health condition, origin, price, and other attributes. Of the 1370 questionnaires distributed, 1126 completed questionnaires were retained based on the completeness of the answers, representing an 82.2% response rate. Two issues were investigated that might facilitate the search for ways to improve horse meat production and marketing programs in Korea. The first step was to determine certain important factors, called principal components, which enabled the researchers to understand the needs of horse meat consumers via principal component analysis. The second step was to define consumer segments with regard to their preferences for horse meat, which was accomplished via cluster analysis. The results of the current study showed that health condition, price, origin, and leanness were the most critical physical attributes affecting the preferences of horse meat consumers. Four segments of consumers, with different demands for horse meat attributes, were identified: origin-sensitive consumers, price-sensitive consumers, quality and safety-sensitive consumers, and non-specific consumers. Significant differences existed among segments of consumers in terms of age, nature of work, frequency of consumption, and general level of acceptability of horse meat. PMID:20163664

Oh, Woon Yong; Lee, Ji Woong; Lee, Chong Eon; Ko, Moon Seok; Jeong, Jae Hong

2009-12-01

190

International Physical Activity Questionnaire: validation and assessment in an Italian sample  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: A standardized method for the assessment of physical activity, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, was developed in the late 1990s as instrument for cross-national assessment. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the IPAQ short and long version questionnaire in a Italian sample.

Methods: The long and short versions of IPAQ questionnaires were administered twice, with an interval of one day between each administration, to 2 different random samples. Cronbach’s alpha was used as a measure of the internal consistency of the two versions.

Results: The long version was administered to 60 subjects and the short version to 58. The Cronbach’s alpha on items about physical activity in the long version was 0.73, and 0.60 for the short version. The referred comments on short and long version were not very different both in number and content though they suggest a better understanding of the short version compared to the long one.

Discussion: IPAQ short and long versions show acceptable reliability properties in the Italian adult setting. The utilization of a questionnaire seems be more influenced by time of administration and number of requested information. In terms of internal consistency and validity they appear to have similar performance.

Alice Mannocci

2010-12-01

191

A cultura linguística de alunos do 9.º ano: Reflexões em torno dos resultados de um inquérito por questionário aplicado no distrito de Aveiro / La culture linguistique des élèves de 9ème année: réflexions autour des résultats d’un questionnaire appliqué à Aveiro / The linguistic culture of 9th grade students: reflections on the results of a questionnaire applied in Aveiro / La cultura lingüística de alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO): reflexiones sobre un cuestionario aplicado en Aveiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Numa sociedade marcada pela diversidade linguística e cultural, preparar os alunos para serem sujeitos activos na construção da cidadania europeia passa por desenvolver a sua cultura linguística, conceito norteador de um projecto desenvolvido junto de alunos do 9.º ano. Apresentaremos neste artigo o [...] inquérito por questionário aplicado a 1.926 alunos do 9º ano do distrito de Aveiro (25% do universo), seleccionados a partir de uma amostra probabilística estratificada de tipo proporcional, tendo-se obtido a resposta de 1.836, que tinha como objectivos: caracterizar o perfil e projectos linguísticos dos alunos e identificar as suas representações face às línguas e aos povos. Os resultados obtidos, através de uma análise com o programa SPSS, apontam para uma visão linguística muito limitada por parte dos alunos (nos seus projectos curriculares e nas circunstâncias de contacto com as línguas), apesar de existir a consciência do papel e da importância da aprendizagem de línguas. As representações que têm das línguas e dos povos parecem condicionar os seus projectos linguísticos, já que equacionam contactar e/ou aprender as línguas que consideram mais próximas ou sobre as quais têm uma imagem mais positiva. Abstract in spanish En una sociedad marcada por la diversidad lingüística y cultural, preparar a los alumnos para que sean sujetos activos en la construcción de la ciudadanía europea pasa por desarrollar su cultura lingüística, concepto orientador de un proyecto desarrollado con alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO). Presen [...] taremos en este artículo la encuesta hecha con un cuestionario aplicado a 1926 alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO) de la provincia de Aveiro (25% del universo), seleccionado desde una muestra probabilística estratificada de tipo proporcional, obteniéndose la respuesta de 1836, que tenía como objetivos caracterizar el perfil y proyectos lingüísticos de los alumnos e identificar su representación ante las lenguas y pueblos. Los resultados obtenidos, a través de un análisis con el programa SPSS, indican una visión lingüística muy limitada por parte de los alumnos (en sus proyectos curriculares y en las circunstancias de contacto con las lenguas), a pesar de existir la conciencia del papel y de la importancia del aprendizaje de lenguas. Las representaciones que tienen de las lenguas y de los pueblos parecen condicionar los proyectos lingüísticos, ya que presuponen contactar y/o aprender las lenguas que les parecen más cercanas o sobre las cuales tienen una representación más positiva. Abstract in english In a society marked by linguistic and cultural diversity, there is a need to prepare students for the construction of European citizenship, namely by developing their linguistic culture, the main concept of a project developed with 9th grade students. In this article we will present the questionnair [...] e applied to 1.926 students from the 9th grade of the district of Aveiro (25% of the universe), selected according to a stratified and proportional sample, and having been answered by 1.836 of them. The main aims of the questionnaire were: to characterize the linguistic profile and projects of the students and to identify their representations concerning languages and peoples. The results, obtained from the analysis with SPSS programme, point out to a very limited linguistic vision (in the students’ curricular projects and in the contact they establish with languages), despite their awareness of the importance of learning languages. Students’ representations of languages and of different peoples also seem to condition their linguistic projects, since they want to contact with or learn the languages they consider closer and with a more positive image.

Ana Raquel, Simões; Maria Helena, Araújo e Sá.

192

Ischaemic heart disease and glycaemic control in type-2 diabetes mellitus by questionnaire method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Various tests like Echocardiogram, Nuclear scan, Electron-beam computed tomography, Coronary angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are available for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD). But most of these are expensive, invasive and cannot be afforded in developing countries. An attempt was made to study sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of non-invasive technique like questionnaire method and compared with traditional clinical evaluation. This study compared diagnosis of angina made with the Rose uestionnaire to diagnosis by physician in type-2 diabetes mellitus and the effect of glycaemic control. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from March 2005 to March 2006. Cases were collected from outpatients and inpatients visiting RL Jalappa hospital and SNR Hospital attached to Sri Devraj Urs Medical College Kolar, Karnataka, India. Glycosylated haemoglobin levels were estimated. Data on Rose questionnaire angina and physician diagnosed angina were collected and compared between groups of well controlled diabetics, poorly controlled diabetics and controls. The 12 lead Electrocardiogram was used to confirm the diagnosis. Results: The Rose questionnaire had 63.63% sensitivity, 97.5% specificity, 73% positive predictive value, and 96% negative predictive value. This study also showed the occurrence of IHD was higher in the poorly controlled diabetics (16.3%) as compared to well controlled diabetic patients (6%) and controls (5%) wdiabetic patients (6%) and controls (5%) which were significant. Conclusions: The questionnaire diagnosis showed good sensitivity and high specificity as compared with diagnosis by physicians. The questionnaire method can be frequently used and incorporated in cardiovascular risk assessment and epidemiologic screening programs. (author)

193

Development and validation of a lifetime exposure questionnaire for use among Chinese populations.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sunlight exposure questionnaire for use in the Chinese population was constructed based on extensive literature review and item suitability for measuring life-time exposure. The content validity index (CVI) was derived from ratings by, an expert panel to assess the item content and relevance. 650 population-based Chinese women completed the sunlight exposure questionnaire through telephone interview. To assess the questionnaire reliability, 94 women were re-interviewed after 2 weeks. 98.4% of the sunlight exposure questionnaire items were found to have valid CVI (>0.83). The Scree plot and the Principal Components Factor Analysis showed a two-factor construct was appropriate and no questionnaire item needed to be excluded. The questionnaire also had a good test-retest reliability (ICC: 0.59-0.93; k: 0.51-100). This sunlight exposure questionnaire was found to be adequate for measurement of life-time sunlight exposure among Hong Kong Chinese women. PMID:24077356

Wu, ShengHui; Ho, Suzanne C; Lam, Tsz-ping; Woo, Jean; Yuen, P Y; Qin, Ling; Ku, Susanna

2013-01-01

194

Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: estudo de equivalência semântica / Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: semantic equivalence study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O medo de dirigir pode restringir a vida do indivíduo e gerar sérios problemas pessoais, sociais e ocupacionais. Usar um instrumento adequado para a avaliação de cognições do paciente é importante, já que contribui para uma formulação dos problemas apresentados, podendo guiar um plano de [...] tratamento coerente. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, que mede as cognições que podem estar presentes no medo de dirigir MÉTODOS: Três traduções e três retrotraduções foram realizadas por seis avaliadores independentes. Realizou-se a equivalência semântica e avaliação das versões, elaborando-se uma versão síntese. Comentários dos 10 participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições das cognições expostas no questionário em português. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, a discussão sobre a versão síntese preliminar e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The fear of driving may restrict the life of patients and cause serious personal, social, and occupational problems. It is important to use a suitable tool while assessing patients’ cognitions, once these findings may help formulate the problems observed and may guide the selection of [...] a consistent treatment plan. The objective of this study was to describe the stages of translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, designed to measure cognitions that may be present in the fear of driving. METHODS: Three translations and three back translations were conducted by six independent evaluators. Semantic equivalence assessment and evaluation of the different versions were conducted and resulted in a synthesized version of the instrument. Comments made by 10 participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. RESULTS: Most participants understood the cognitions as described in the Brazilian Portuguese version of the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The use of three different translations and back translations, discussion of a preliminary synthetic version and interaction with the target population contributed to the viability of the process aimed to assess the semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Marcele Regine de, Carvalho; Rafael Thomaz da, Costa; Aline, Sardinha; Valfrido Leão de, Melo-Neto; Antonio Egidio, Nardi.

195

Tradução, adaptação e validação preliminar do Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) / The Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire's (PRMQ) translation, adaptation and preliminary validation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Falhas de memória são comuns no cotidiano. Contudo, elas podem indicar ocorrências de problemas cognitivos, principalmente entre idosos. O artigo traz a tradução e a adaptação do Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). O instrumento, no original constituído de 16 itens, avalia aut [...] o-relatos de falhas de memória prospectiva e retrospectiva. O estudo contou com 642 participantes, com idade variando entre 16 e 81 anos, recrutados em uma universidade e em grupos comunitários. A análise fatorial exploratória dos dados do PRMQ apontou a validade de construto apenas para oito itens. Então, optou-se por reconsiderar mais dois itens que apresentaram carga fatorial aceitável e compor uma escala de 10 itens, sendo cinco para cada dimensão da memória. A correlação para validade convergente e discriminante foi realizada com o Questionário de Percepção Subjetiva de Queixas de Memória para idosos (MAC-Q), em uma amostra de 38 participantes idosos, com idade média de 69 anos. O PRMQ-10 apresentou validade e confiabilidade (a = 0,80), com boas perspectivas para uso em pesquisa. Abstract in english Memory failures are common in daily life. However, these failures could indicate cognitive problems, mainly in elders. This study presents the translation and adaptation of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) to Portuguese. The questionnaire measures prospective and retrosp [...] ective self-report memory failures through 16 items. There were 642 participants aged between 16 and 81 years recruited in a university and in community groups. The exploratory factor analysis revealed the construct validity only for eight items. So, it was reconsidered two of the original 16 items that showed acceptable factorial load and tested a questionnaire of 10 items. Convergent and concurrent validity was tested in a sample of 38 participants aged around 69 years, through the Elders' Subjective Perception of Memory Complaints Questionnaire (MAC-Q). As a result the reduced PRMQ with 10 items showed both validity and confidence (a = 0,80). At this point the questionnaire seems promising for research using.

Daniela, Benites; William B., Gomes.

2007-06-01

196

Translation of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire Into Hausa Language  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Self-report measures of fear-avoidance beliefs are widely used in clinical practice and research. To date there is no Hausa version of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ. This is important as the Hausa language is a widely spoken language in West Africa. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to translate and validate the Hausa version of the FABQ in patients with non-specific neck pain. Methods: Two independent bilingual Hausa translators translated the English version of the FABQ into Hausa which was thereafter back translated by one independent bilingual translator. A professional expert panel revised the translations to produce a consensus version. The psychometric testing of the final translated instrument was investigated by surveying 54 Hausa speaking patients with chronic non-specific neck pain. Cross-sectional construct validity was evaluated by comparing Hausa Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ-H with the English version of the FABQ. Internal consistency of the FABQ-H was examined by Cronbach alpha by comparing the scores between the FABQ-H and its subscales. Test-retest reliability was evaluated by administering the Hausa version twice. Results: The translated Hausa version of FABQ proved to be acceptable. The FABQ-H showed strong correlations (r=0.94, p=0.000 with the original English version. There was also high internal consistency between the FABQ-H and its subscales (physical activity component-alpha=0.88, p=0.000 and work component- alpha=0.94, p= 0.000. The FABQ-H also showed a high test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient =0.98. Conclusion: The FABQ-H demonstrated excellent psychometric properties similar to other existing versions. The FABQ-H is recommended for clinical practice.

Bashir Kaka

2014-10-01

197

Television Quiz Show Simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the simulation of four television quiz shows for students in China studying English as a foreign language (EFL). It discusses the adaptation and implementation of television quiz shows and how the students reacted to them.

Hill, Jonnie Lynn

2007-01-01

198

Questionnaire-based evaluation of everyday competence in older adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tobias Kalisch1, Julia Richter3, Melanie Lenz1, Jan-Christoph Kattenstroth2, Izabela Kolankowska2, Martin Tegenthoff1, Hubert R Dinse21Department of Neurology, BG-Kliniken Bergmannsheil, 2Neural Plasticity Lab, Institute for Neuroinformatics, Department of Theoretical Biology, 3Faculty of Psychology, Department of Methods, Diagnostics and Evaluation, Ruhr-University Bochum, GermanyBackground: Gerontological research aims at understanding factors that are crucial for mediating “successful aging”. This term denotes the absence of significant disease and disabilities, maintenance of high levels of physical and cognitive function, and preservation of social and productive activities. Preservation of an active lifestyle is considered an effective means through which everyday competence can be attained. In this context, it is crucial to obtain ratings of modern day older adults’ everyday competence by means of appropriate assessments. Here, we introduce the Everyday Competence Questionnaire (ECQ, designed to assess healthy older adults' everyday competence.Methods: The ECQ includes 17 items, covering housekeeping, leisure activities, sports, daily routines, manual skills, subjective well-being, and general linguistic usage. The ECQ was administered to a population of 158 healthy subjects aged 60–91 years, who were divided into groups on the basis of their physical activity. These groups were community-dwelling subjects, those living independently and having a sedentary lifestyle, those living independently but characterized by a general lifestyle without any noteworthy physical activity, and those living independently and exercising regularly. Age, gender, and education levels were balanced between the groups.Results: Using the ECQ, we could identify and distinguish different everyday competence levels between the groups tested: Subjects characterized by an active lifestyle outperformed all other groups. Subjects characterized by a general lifestyle showed higher everyday competence than those with a sedentary lifestyle or subjects who needed care. Furthermore, the ECQ data showed a significant positive correlation between individual physical activity and everyday competence.Conclusion: The ECQ is a novel tool for the questionnaire-based evaluation of everyday competence among healthy subjects. By including leisure activities, it considers the changed living conditions of modern-day older adults.Keywords: successful aging, everyday competence, questionnaire-based evaluation

Tobias Kalisch

2011-01-01

199

Estudo exploratório do instrumento Ages & Stages Questionnaires: 2ª edição  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O Ages and Stages Questionnaires 2ª edição (ASQ-2) é um instrumento de rastreio que foi construído para detectar alterações do desenvolvimento, identificando a necessidade de avaliações mais específicas. O estudo do ASQ-2 na amostra (n=339) da população portuguesa foi realizado no sentido de observa [...] r as suas qualidades psicométricas, dando assim, início à tradução e adaptação cultural para a população portuguesa. O estudo das qualidades psicométricas do ASQ-2 na versão portuguesa revelou que: na sensibilidade, os valores de curtose e assimetria dos itens, na sua maioria, encontram-se próximos de uma distribuição normal; na fidelidade os valores de Alpha de Cronbach para os totais variam entre 0,70 e 0,75 revelando razoável consistência interna melhorando significativamente quando observados através do coeficiente de bipartição variando entre 0,83 e 0,88 neste caso indicadores de boa consistência interna; na validade os valores de r de Pearson para totais indicam correlações significativas na maior parte das áreas nos diferentes questionários. Concluímos que os resultados obtidos são atraentes para que se realize uma validação do ASQ-2 para a população portuguesa, contribuindo assim para o preenchimento de uma lacuna existente no momento da avaliação em IP. Abstract in english The Ages and Stages Questionnaire 2nd edition (ASQ-2) was designed to screen developmental delays, identifying the need for more specific assessments. The ASQ-2 study with a sample of Portuguese population (n=339) was conducted with the aim of observing its psychometric qualities and with this inten [...] t it was translated and culturally adaptate for the Portuguese population. The study of the psychometric qualities of the ASQ-2 in its Portuguese version revealed that for sensitivity the values of kurtosis and skewness, by and large, are close to a normal distribution; for reliability, the Cronbach’s coefficient alpha values for the totals vary between 0,70 and 0,75, showing reasonable internal consistency, significantly improving when observed with split-half varying between 0,83 and 0,88, showing good internal consistency; for validity the r de Pearson values for totals indicate significant correlations in most of the areas in the different questionnaires. We conclude that the results obtained are an incentive to proceed with the validation of the ASQ-2 for the Portuguese population, thereby, contributing to fill the gap that exist presently, considering validated developmental assessment instruments for Early Intervention.

Sónia, Lopes; Patrícia, Graça; La Salete, Teixeira; Ana Maria, Serrano; Adriano, Rockland.

2011-01-01

200

The Great Cometary Show  

Science.gov (United States)

The ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer, which allows astronomers to scrutinise objects with a precision equivalent to that of a 130-m telescope, is proving itself an unequalled success every day. One of the latest instruments installed, AMBER, has led to a flurry of scientific results, an anthology of which is being published this week as special features in the research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. ESO PR Photo 06a/07 ESO PR Photo 06a/07 The AMBER Instrument "With its unique capabilities, the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) has created itself a niche in which it provide answers to many astronomical questions, from the shape of stars, to discs around stars, to the surroundings of the supermassive black holes in active galaxies," says Jorge Melnick (ESO), the VLT Project Scientist. The VLTI has led to 55 scientific papers already and is in fact producing more than half of the interferometric results worldwide. "With the capability of AMBER to combine up to three of the 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes, we can really achieve what nobody else can do," added Fabien Malbet, from the LAOG (France) and the AMBER Project Scientist. Eleven articles will appear this week in Astronomy & Astrophysics' special AMBER section. Three of them describe the unique instrument, while the other eight reveal completely new results about the early and late stages in the life of stars. ESO PR Photo 06b/07 ESO PR Photo 06b/07 The Inner Winds of Eta Carinae The first results presented in this issue cover various fields of stellar and circumstellar physics. Two papers deal with very young solar-like stars, offering new information about the geometry of the surrounding discs and associated outflowing winds. Other articles are devoted to the study of hot active stars of particular interest: Alpha Arae, Kappa Canis Majoris, and CPD -57o2874. They provide new, precise information about their rotating gas envelopes. An important new result concerns the enigmatic object Eta Carinae. Using AMBER with its high spatial and spectral resolution, it was possible to zoom into the very heart of this very massive star. In this innermost region, the observations are dominated by the extremely dense stellar wind that totally obscures the underlying central star. The AMBER observations show that this dense stellar wind is not spherically symmetric, but exhibits a clearly elongated structure. Overall, the AMBER observations confirm that the extremely high mass loss of Eta Carinae's massive central star is non-spherical and much stronger along the poles than in the equatorial plane. This is in agreement with theoretical models that predict such an enhanced polar mass-loss in the case of rapidly rotating stars. ESO PR Photo 06c/07 ESO PR Photo 06c/07 RS Ophiuchi in Outburst Several papers from this special feature focus on the later stages in a star's life. One looks at the binary system Gamma 2 Velorum, which contains the closest example of a star known as a Wolf-Rayet. A single AMBER observation allowed the astronomers to separate the spectra of the two components, offering new insights in the modeling of Wolf-Rayet stars, but made it also possible to measure the separation between the two stars. This led to a new determination of the distance of the system, showing that previous estimates were incorrect. The observations also revealed information on the region where the winds from the two stars collide. The famous binary system RS Ophiuchi, an example of a recurrent nova, was observed just 5 days after it was discovered to be in outburst on 12 February 2006, an event that has been expected for 21 years. AMBER was able to detect the extension of the expanding nova emission. These observations show a complex geometry and kinematics, far from the simple interpretation of a spherical fireball in extension. AMBER has detected a high velocity jet probably perpendicular to the orbital plane of the binary system, and allowed a precise and careful study of the wind and the shockwave coming from the nova. The stream of results from the VLTI and AMBER

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

2014-04-01

202

Adaptation and Validity of the Spanish Version of the Emotional Style Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper reports the results of the Spanish adaptation and va- lidation of the Emotional Style Questionnaire conducted with a sample of Venezuelan university students. The original 56 items scale (Roger & Najarian, 1989; Roger & Nesshoever, 1987 measured four dimensions of emotional styles: rumination, emotional inhibition, aggresion control and benign control. However, based on the resivion of the scales, Roger, Guarino and Olason (2000 propused a shorter version of 39 items, where only the rumination and emotional inhibition scales were maintained. The Spanish version of this scale, jointly with other personality questionnaires and health vmeasures, was administered to a sample of 419 Venezuelan university students and results showed the structure of the scale to be nearly identical to the English version, with adequate internal consistency. The concurrent and predictive validation study supports the theoretical structure for each dimension.

Leticia Guarino

2011-01-01

203

Persian-McGill pain questionnaire; translation, adaptation and reliability in cancer patients: a brief report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: McGill pain questionnaire is the most useful standard tools for assessing pain. McGill pain questionnaire contains 78-word descriptive of the 20 subclasses form-ing in three main sensory, affective and evaluative domains. Due to cultural differences, the questionnaire has been translated into several languages. This study aimed to transl-ate MPQ into Persian language and assess its reliability, validity and acceptability in patients with cancer.Methods: The study performed in Medical Oncology Department of Cancer Institute in Imam Khomeini Hospital in the Spring 2012. After translation of MPQ by two experts fluent in English, Persian version was returned to English. Then that backward transla-tion was compared with the original questionnaire and words that did not match were reviewed.  Patients with different types of cancer who suffering from chronic pain were admitted in our study. They did not receive any kind of pain killer drugs during the pre-vious 24 hours. There was no restriction of age, sex, education, type of cancer or treat-ment modality. The reliability and validity of Persian-McGill pain questionnaire after interviewing patients was assessed by test–retest reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha.Results: In total, 84 patients were interviewed and 30 patients who were available after 24 hour with the same condition recomplete the questionnaire. Cronbach’alpha of each domain was in 0.622-0.743 and total Crobach’s alpha (n=84 was 0.85. Evaluative aspect has only one subgroup and because of this, it is not have Crobach’s alpha. The stability coefficient (n=30 in all areas (sensory, emotional, and other domains were 0.812-0.964. Stability coefficient among the 20 Persian McGill Pain Questionnaire (PMPQ subclasses showed significant and reliable relationships over time for all groups.Conclusion: This study is the first study that assessed psychometric properties and use-fulness of the MPQ in Iranian patients with cancer, showed that it is a potentially useful measure with a high validity and reliability standards.

Khosravi M

2013-04-01

204

Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: tradução e adaptação transcultural Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: translation and cross-cultural adaptation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contexto: O estudo de cybersickness, sintomas desconfortáveis relacionados à interação em ambientes virtuais, é importante para a implementação de melhorias destes, para ajudar a preservar o bem-estar dos usuários e reduzir o abandono às exposições virtuais. Usar um instrumento adequado para identificar e mensurar os sintomas de cybersickness, de forma padronizada, pode contribuir para essa finalidade. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Simulator Sickness Questionnaire, que mede os sintomas de cybersickness. Métodos: Três traduções e retrotraduções foram realizadas por avaliadores independentes; realizaram-se a equivalência semântica e a avaliação das versões, sendo elaborada uma versão síntese. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados: Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições dos sintomas expostas no questionário em português. Conclusão: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, discussão sobre a versão síntese e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira.Background: The study of cybersickness, uncomfortable symptoms related to interaction in vir­tual environments, is important for these environments’ improvement that help to preserve the welfare of users and reduce the abandonment of virtual exposures. Using an appropriate instrument to identify and measure the symptoms of cybersickness in a standardized way can contribute to this purpose. Objective: The objective of the current study is to present the stages of translation and adaptation into Portuguese of the instrument "Simulator Sickness Questionnaire", which measures cybersickness’ symptoms. Methods: Three translations and back translations were conducted by independent evaluators, the semantic equivalence and versions’ evaluation were made, producing a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results: The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. It was found that most participants understood the symptoms’ descriptions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: The use of three different versions of translation and back translation, the discussion of the synthetic version and the interaction with the target population have provided viability for the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Marcele Regine de Carvalho

2011-01-01

205

Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: tradução e adaptação transcultural / Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: translation and cross-cultural adaptation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Contexto: O estudo de cybersickness, sintomas desconfortáveis relacionados à interação em ambientes virtuais, é importante para a implementação de melhorias destes, para ajudar a preservar o bem-estar dos usuários e reduzir o abandono às exposições virtuais. Usar um instrumento adequado para identif [...] icar e mensurar os sintomas de cybersickness, de forma padronizada, pode contribuir para essa finalidade. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Simulator Sickness Questionnaire, que mede os sintomas de cybersickness. Métodos: Três traduções e retrotraduções foram realizadas por avaliadores independentes; realizaram-se a equivalência semântica e a avaliação das versões, sendo elaborada uma versão síntese. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados: Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições dos sintomas expostas no questionário em português. Conclusão: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, discussão sobre a versão síntese e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira. Abstract in english Background: The study of cybersickness, uncomfortable symptoms related to interaction in vir­tual environments, is important for these environments’ improvement that help to preserve the welfare of users and reduce the abandonment of virtual exposures. Using an appropriate instrument to identify and [...] measure the symptoms of cybersickness in a standardized way can contribute to this purpose. Objective: The objective of the current study is to present the stages of translation and adaptation into Portuguese of the instrument "Simulator Sickness Questionnaire", which measures cybersickness’ symptoms. Methods: Three translations and back translations were conducted by independent evaluators, the semantic equivalence and versions’ evaluation were made, producing a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results: The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. It was found that most participants understood the symptoms’ descriptions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: The use of three different versions of translation and back translation, the discussion of the synthetic version and the interaction with the target population have provided viability for the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Marcele Regine de, Carvalho; Rafael Thomaz da, Costa; Antonio Egidio, Nardi.

206

Validation of a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge in asthma allows the children and/or its parents to acquire abilities that allow to prevent and/or to handle the asthmatic attacks, decreasing the morbidity produced by the disease, nevertheless we do not account with a validated instrument that allows us to quantify the level of asthma knowledge. The objective is to develop and to validate a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma to be filled out by the parents and/or people in charge of the care of the asthmatic pediatric patients. The 17 items that conform the questionnaire were obtained alter literature review, realization of focal groups the professional experience of the investigators and the realization of pilot studies. The face content and concurrent validity of the instrument was evaluated; we also determined the factor structure, test-retest reproducibility, and sensitivity to change of the questionnaire. We included 120 patients with average age of 4.5 %3.7 years the factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of three factors that altogether explain 85% of the total variance of the results the face and content validity was based on the concept of a multi-disciplinary group of experts in the field the concurrent validity was demonstrated by the ability of the questionnaire to distinguish low from high knowledge parents. Test-retest reproducibility and sensitivity to change were demonstrated comparing scores of the questionnaire filled out ng scores of the questionnaire filled out in two different occasions. The questionnaire of knowledge of asthma developed in the study is a useful and reliable tool to quantify the basal level of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and to determine the effectiveness of an educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge and understanding of the disease

207

Brachytherapy in France in 2002: results of the ESTRO-PCBE questionnaire; La curietherapie en France en 2002: resultats de l'enquete PCBE de l'ESTRO  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The authors report the results of the Patterns of Care for Brachytherapy in Europe (PCBE) throughout France. Responses were obtained for 91% of the Radiation Oncology departments, which have declared using brachytherapy for 67, and gave detailed data for 49 ones. The equipments and treated tumours were recorded. LDR brachytherapy remained the most often used (53.5 ), followed by HDR (28%). PDR represented 5.5% and permanent implants 11%. The authors discuss the development of new equipment, with an aggregation of the structures, and an increase of the PDR and prostate implants use. (authors)

Peiffert, D. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Dept. de Radiotherapie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Mazeron, J.J. [Hopital de la Pitie-Salpetriere, Centre des Tumeurs, 75 - Paris (France); Guedea, F. [Institut Catala d' Oncologia Idibell, L' hospitalet del Llobregat, Barcelone (Spain); Nisin, R. [ESTRO office, Bruxelles (Belgium)

2007-05-15

208

Homemade Laser Show  

Science.gov (United States)

With a laser pointer and some household items, learners can create their own laser light show. They can explore diffuse reflection, refraction and diffraction. The webpage includes a video which shows how to set up the activity and also includes scientific explanation. Because this activity involves lasers, it requires adult supervision.

2012-07-09

209

Validity and reliability of the Dutch translation of the VISA-P questionnaire for patellar tendinopathy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The VISA-P questionnaire evaluates severity of symptoms, knee function and ability to play sports in athletes with patellar tendinopathy. This English-language self-administered brief patient outcome score was developed in Australia to monitor rehabilitation and to evaluate outcome of clinical studies. Aim of this study was to translate the questionnaire into Dutch and to study the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the VISA-P. Methods The questionnaire was translated into Dutch according to internationally recommended guidelines. Test-retest reliability was determined in 99 students with a time interval of 2.5 weeks. To determine discriminative validity of the Dutch VISA-P, 18 healthy students, 15 competitive volleyball players (at-risk population, 14 patients with patellar tendinopathy, 6 patients who had surgery for patellar tendinopathy, 17 patients with knee injuries other than patellar tendinopathy, and 9 patients with symptoms unrelated to their knees completed the Dutch VISA-P. Results The Dutch VISA-P questionnaire showed satisfactory test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.74. The mean (± SD VISA-P scores were 95 (± 9 for the healthy students, 89 (± 11 for the volleyball players, 58 (± 19 for patients with patellar tendinopathy, and 56 (± 21 for athletes who had surgery for patellar tendinopathy. Patients with other knee injuries or symptoms unrelated to the knee scored 62 (± 24 and 77 (± 24. Conclusion The translated Dutch version of the VISA-P questionnaire is equivalent to its original version, has satisfactory test-retest reliability and is a valid score to evaluate symptoms, knee function and ability to play sports of Dutch athletes with patellar tendinopathy.

van den Akker-Scheek Inge

2009-08-01

210

Evaluation of Validity and Reliability of the Questionnaire of Student Evaluation of Teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objective: In any research work, the tools used to approach the designed project goals should be evaluated. The purpose of the present study was to obtain validity and reliability of the questionnaire of student ratings of teaching in Ahvaz JundiShapur University of Medical Sciences. Subjects and Methods: The questionnaire of student ratings of teaching was evaluated in a descriptive study. In this study the views of 70 expert faculty members and 5420 completed questionnaire by students were used. To investigate the reliability, two methods of split-half and internal consistency (Cronbach's Alpha were applied, and the validity was determined by three aspects of construct validity (factor analysis, concurrent validity and content validity. The Data were analyzed by SPSS-15 software.Results: The factor analysis revealed 2 factors as tutor capability and expert teaching, which could explain 67.69 % of the total variance. The concurrent validity coefficiency was determined as 0.538 for the first 14 questions in comparison to question number 15. Within content validity the coefficient of all items was determined as 0.920. The internal consistency of questions showed a high correlation of all 15 questionnaire items. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.947 % and split-half reliability was 0.884%. Conclusion: It is concluded that student ratings questionnaire with a reasonable degree of validity and reliabilitycould be accounted as a suitable tool to evaluate the University teaching conditions.Sci Med J 2012; 10(6:583-593

Mohammad Fakoor

2012-01-01

211

Reliability and Validity of Beliefs about Substance Use (BSU Questionnaire in Alcohol Dependent Patients.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Beliefs About Substance Use Questionnaire (BSU which was originally developed by Wright (1993. Method: Seventy alcohol addicted inpatients, who were admitted to Ankara D??kap? Y?ld?r?m Beyaz?t Education and Research Hospital Psychiatry Clinic, 31 healthy volunteers who had never used alcohol and 33 social drinkers were evaluated. For all groups, BSU and Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ, for the patient groups, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA, Dysfunctional Attitudes Questionnaire (DAS and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ were used as the assessment tools. The correlations and differences between the questionnaires were studied. Results: Mean age of the addicted patients, healthy controls and social drinkers were 42,3± 7,0, 33,5± 9,9 and 33,2± 8,9, respectively. In patient group, mean BSU score was 46,4 ± 21,2. For alcohol addicts, internal reliability of BSU was found to be adequate (Cronbach alfa=0.91 and item-total score correlations were between 0.33 and 0.69. Basic component analysis showed one basic factor. A positive correlation has been found between BSU and CBQ, and ATQ scores. No correlations have been found between total and subscale scores of DAS and total scores of CIWA, BAI and BSU. In evaluation of validity, BSU mean scores of alcohol addicts were found to be significantly higher than healthy controls and social drinkers. Conclusion: Our findings support that Turkish version of BSU is an adequate tool that can be used to evaluate alcohol addicted patients` cognitive believes about alcohol use

Selçuk ASLAN

2012-11-01

212

Quality of life in thalassemia major: Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the SF-36 questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the eight-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 questionnaire translated into Persian for use in Iranian patients with thalassemia major. Materials and Methods: Using a standard "forward-backward" translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian. Two hundred patients with thalassemia major following up at the Thalassemia Center, Dastgheib Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, were enrolled in this study. Statistical Analysis: The reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire were assessed by Cronbach?s alpha coefficient and Spearman?s correlation, respectively. Validity was assessed using convergent and discriminant validity. Results: The mean age of 200 subjects enrolled in the study was 19.81+/-4.07 years. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory results (Cronbach?s a coefficient = 0.915. The factor analysis showed that all items were in the same groups as previous studies with the exception of role emotional and general health that had been substituted. Most of the patients were in lower range of normal for both mental and physical summary status. Conclusions: The study finding showed that the Persian version of SF-36 questionnaire has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the quality of life of patients with thalassemia major.

Jafari H

2008-01-01

213

A questionnaire survey of medical physicist and quality manager for radiation therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey of medical physicists and quality managers for radiation therapy was performed by the Japanese Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (JASTRO) Future Planning Committee. We mailed the questionnaire to 726 radiotherapy facilities with the answers returned from 353 radiotherapy facilities. The result showed 178 facilities were staffed by radiotherapy workers who were licensed medical physicists or quality managers. A staff of 289 was licensed radiotherapy workers. Most of the staff were radiotherapy technologists. Quality control for radiation therapy was rated satisfactory according to each facility's assessment. Radiation therapy of high quality requires continued education of medical physicists and quality managers, in addition to keeping up with times for quality control. (author)

214

Questionnaire of quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis or excessive sudoresis is a chronic disease associated with important subjective distress. OBJECTIVE: To propose a specific questionnaire to evaluate the quality of life of patients with hyperhidrosis. METHODS: From October 1995 to March 2002, 378 patients (234 females, with a mean age of 26.8 years, were evaluated before and after video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy. RESULTS: Therapeutic success was obtained in 90% of the procedures. The recurrence rate was 10% for palmar and 11% for axillary hyperhidrosis; 27% of the patients who had recurrence were re-operated successfully. No serious complications were reported. Of the total number of patients, 91% answered to the quality of life questionnaire, and 86% of them reported improvement after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracic sympathectomy is a therapeutic method capable of changing the quality of life of patients with hyperhidrosis. The questionnaire applied has shown these changes.

Campos José Ribas Milanez de

2003-01-01

215

Questionnaire of quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis or excessive sudoresis is a chronic disease associated with important subjective distress. OBJECTIVE: To propose a specific questionnaire to evaluate the quality of life of patients with hyperhidrosis. METHODS: From October 1995 to March 2002, 378 patients (234 females), wi [...] th a mean age of 26.8 years, were evaluated before and after video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy. RESULTS: Therapeutic success was obtained in 90% of the procedures. The recurrence rate was 10% for palmar and 11% for axillary hyperhidrosis; 27% of the patients who had recurrence were re-operated successfully. No serious complications were reported. Of the total number of patients, 91% answered to the quality of life questionnaire, and 86% of them reported improvement after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracic sympathectomy is a therapeutic method capable of changing the quality of life of patients with hyperhidrosis. The questionnaire applied has shown these changes.

José Ribas Milanez de, Campos; Paulo, Kauffman; Eduardo de Campos, Werebe; Laert Oliveira, Andrade Filho; Sergio, Kuzniek; Nelson, Wolosker; Fábio Biscegli, Jatene; Mariane, Amir.

2003-08-01

216

Questionnaire on the measurement condition of distribution coefficient  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution coefficient is used for various transport models to evaluate the migration behavior of radionuclides in the environment and is very important parameter in environmental impact assessment of nuclear facility. The questionnaire was carried out for the purpose of utilizing for the proposal of the standard measuring method of distribution coefficient. This report is summarized the result of questionnairing on the sampling methods and storage condition, the pretreatment methods, the analysis items in the physical/chemical characteristics of the sample, and the distribution coefficient measuring method and the measurement conditions in the research institutes within country. (author)

Takebe, Shinichi; Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment] [and others

2001-05-01

217

Questionnaire assessment based on signs, symptoms and history in the prevention of colorectal cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer colorretal (CCR) é uma importante afecção caracterizada pela presença de tumores localizados no colón ou reto. A colonoscopia, padrão ouro na detecção do CCR, demanda alto custo. Assim, há necessidade de métodos de triagem eficazes, visando um melhor custo beneficio na diminuiçã [...] o da mortalidade do CCR. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes (QSSA) em predizer o CCR. Métodos: O QSSA foi aplicado a 40 pacientes, momentos antes da realização do exame colonoscópico, no intuito de compor dois grupos: grupo I formado pelos 20 primeiros que apresentassem o QSSA positivo, e grupo II formado pelos 20 primeiros com QSSA negativo. A colonoscopia positiva foi aquela com achado de neoplasia ou lesões precursoras do CCR. O resultado foi submetido à análise estatística através do Teste Exato de Fischer e do cálculo da sensibilidade, especificidade, acurácia e valores preditivos positivos e negativos. RESULTADO: Observaram-se 14 colonoscopias positivas e 26 colonoscopias negativas, assim distribuídas: grupo I, 9 positivas e 11 negativas; grupo II, 5 positivas e 15 negativas (p=0,20). O questionário apresentou sensibilidade de 64,2%. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes usado isoladamente não mostrou eficácia no rastreamento de lesões neoplásicas. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important pathology characterized by tumors in colorectal segments. Colonoscopy is the gold standard of CRC detection, but it is very expensive. Then, new methods are required for CRC screening to reduce mortality and improve the cost-benefit ratio. Object [...] ive: Evaluate the efficacy of a questionnaire (QSSA) based on signs and symptoms of CRC. METHODS: The QSSA was answered by 40 patients, before the colonoscopy procedure. The patients were divided into two groups: group I, with 20 patients showing positive result in the questionnaire, and group II, with 20 people showing negative result in the questionnaire. Colonoscopy was considered positive when presenting neoplasm or its precursor. The result was statistically analyzed by Fischer's exact test and sensitivity calculation. RESULTS: The results showed 14 positive and 26 negative colonoscopies. Group I had 9 positive and 11 negative colonoscopies and Group II, 5 positive and 15 negative (p=0.20) colonoscopies. The questionnaire presented sensitivity of 64.2%. CONCLUSION: The use of this questionnaire based on signs and symptoms of CCR alone was not effective in CCR screening.

Walysson Alves Tocantins de, Sousa; Leonardo Carvalho Moura, Fé; Lory Noronha de Castro, Monte.

2011-12-01

218

ALS Technology Questionnaire--Tilapia Summary  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

3 pages Provider Notes:"This page will contain the data collected to date. 10/04/05 Mike Lasinski met with Paul Brown about Tilapia project (Paul_Brown_Meeting_10_4_05_Notes.doc). 10/07/05 Questionnaire 1-6: (Tilapia_Gonzales_20050916_Q01.doc), supporting paper (Tilapia_GonzalesBrown_2005-01-2917.pdf). Caveat to questionnaire: "...Please bear in mind that these numbers [in the questionnaire] are from what is used at our lab, not what Paul or I recommend used in an ALS. Additionally, some ...

ALS-NSCORT,

2005-01-01

219

Measuring psychological stress and strain at work: Evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The undisputed increase of the relevance of mental work load is confronted with a lack of qualified or at least well documented measuring instruments covering all important aspects.The COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, a comprehensive instrument for the assessment of psychosocial factors at work, was tested in a partly modified version in a large German sample (N = 2561 employees. The aims of the study were the detailed investigation of the psychometric measurement properties, and based on these results, the development of an abbreviated version of the instrument.The analysis of objectivity, acceptance, practicability, sensitivity and content validity of the questionnaire as a whole did not show any problematic results – with some limitations regarding the length of the questionnaire.The assessment of the reliability, generalisability, construct validity, criterion validity and diagnostic power of the single scales showed medium to good measuring qualities for the majority of the scales (i.e. Cronbach’s alpha mostly >0.7. In addition, the psychometric properties were very similar to those in the Danish COPSOQ-study.Considering all aspects of the measurement quality, a shortened version of the instrument was created. It attempts to combine measuring qualities as high as possible with a number of questions as low as possible.The German COPSOQ questionnaire is a free screening-instrument for the recording of psychosocial work load and strain for all enterprises and organisations interested. The next step is the construction of a "job exposure matrix" for psychosocial factors at work, that means a central database with work load profiles and reference values for as many occupational groups as possible.

Nübling, Matthias

2006-10-01

220

Obesity in show cats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Obesity is an important disease with a high prevalence in cats. Because obesity is related to several other diseases, it is important to identify the population at risk. Several risk factors for obesity have been described in the literature. A higher incidence of obesity in certain cat breeds has been suggested. The aim of this study was to determine whether obesity occurs more often in certain breeds. The second aim was to relate the increased prevalence of obesity in certain breeds to the official standards of that breed. To this end, 268 cats of 22 different breeds investigated by determining their body condition score (BCS) on a nine-point scale by inspection and palpation, at two different cat shows. Overall, 45.5% of the show cats had a BCS > 5, and 4.5% of the show cats had a BCS > 7. There were significant differences between breeds, which could be related to the breed standards. Most overweight and obese cats were in the neutered group. It warrants firm discussions with breeders and cat show judges to come to different interpretations of the standards in order to prevent overweight conditions in certain breeds from being the standard of beauty. Neutering predisposes for obesity and requires early nutritional intervention to prevent obese conditions. PMID:24612018

Corbee, R J

2014-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

Factor Analysis of the Attributional Style Questionnaire: Attributions, Outcomes, Events.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attributional style as it has been operationalized in the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ) was critically assessed. A sample of 538 senior high school and college students completed the ASQ. The resulting ASQ data were then intercorrelated, factor analyzed, and compared to hypothesized matrices for all items, good outcome items, and bad…

Atkinson, Leslie; And Others

222

Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric Evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties of the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ) (N. Kaslow and S. Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) were studied with 1086 children, 9 to 12 years old. Results indicate the revised version to be somewhat less reliable than the original, but with equivalent criterion-related validity for self-reported depression.…

Thompson, Martie; Kaslow, Nadine J.; Weiss, Bahr; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

1998-01-01

223

Religious Occupations and Stress Questionnaire (ROS): Instrument Development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the development of the Religious Occupations and Stress Questionnaire (ROS), which attempts to fill the need for an appropriate measure of the stress experienced by individuals in religious occupations. Results of reliability and validity studies indicate high internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.…

Birk, Janice M.; Rayburn, Carole A.; Richmond, Lee J.

2001-01-01

224

A Brief Version of the Family Background Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Although it is lengthy, the Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ) provides reliable behaviorally specific family history information. Results from reliability and validity analyses suggest that a brief version of this instrument that assesses parental responsiveness, child maltreatment, and parental substance abuse would provide a useful screening…

Melchert, Timothy P.; Kalemeera, Augustine

2009-01-01

225

Reliability and Validity Assessment of Mizaj Questionnaire: A Novel Self-report Scale in Iranian Traditional Medicine  

Science.gov (United States)

Background In Iranian Traditional Medicine, mizaj (temperament) plays a key role in preventive, therapeutic and lifestyle recommendations. A reliable self-reported scale for mizaj identification is critically needed to introduce ITM into the official medical and health care system especially in the case of designing national preventive protocols. Objectives The present study aimed to design a preliminary self-administered mizaj questionnaire and assessed its reliability and validity in Iran. Patients and Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire with 52 items was designed based on mizaj-related indices. Subsequent to content and face validity assessment, using qualitative and quantitative method, 47 items remained. Based on the non-randomly sampling, the test-retest reliability of each question and internal consistency of the questionnaire was examined by the participation of 35 volunteers. The reliable version questionnaire was filled up by 52 volunteers wherein they were divided into warm/cold and wet/dry groups based on their mizaj which was predetermined by a team of expert practitioners. Logistic regression analysis was performed for validity process between the experts’ assessment of mizaj and each of the items in the questionnaire that resulted to the final ten-item questionnaire divided into two subscales. By using ANOVA and post Hoc with Dunnet statistics, the optimum cut-off points were defined and their sensitivity and specificity was assessed. Results The weighted kappa coefficients of the 39 items were between 0.40 and 0.82 showing their acceptable reliability and the Cronbach’s ? coefficient was 0.71 showing the internal consistency. The sensitivity and specificity of the final questionnaire cut-off points were 65% and 93% for the warm group, 52% and 97% cold group, 53% and 67% dry group and finally 53% and 76% wet group. Conclusions Our results suggested that many of the designed questions according to the literature’s mizaj identification indices had satisfactory reliability and the final ten-item questionnaire could discriminate the different groups of mizaj, therefore, this can be used as the first version of a brief self-report mizaj estimating scale. PMID:24829785

Mojahedi, Morteza; Naseri, Mohsen; Majdzadeh, Reza; Keshavarz, Mansoor; Ebadini, Mohammad; Nazem, Esmaeil; Saberi Isfeedvajani, Mohsen

2014-01-01

226

Validation of a Questionnaire to Screen for Shift Work Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Study Objective: At least 15% of the full-time work force is shift workers. Working during the overnight hours, early morning start times, and variable or rotating schedules present a challenge to the circadian system, and these shifts are associated with adverse health and safety consequences. Shift work disorder (SWD), a primary (circadian rhythm) sleep disorder indicated by excessive daytime sleepiness and/or insomnia associated with a shiftwork schedule, is under-recognized by primary care physicians. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire to screen for high risk of SWD in a shift working population. Design: Shift workers completed a 26-item questionnaire and were evaluated by a sleep specialist (physician) who diagnosed them as either positive or negative for SWD. The physician assessment of SWD was guided by a flow chart that operationalized the ICSD-2 criteria for SWD. Setting: 18 sleep clinics in the USA. Patients or Participants: 311 shift workers. Interventions: Not applicable. Measurements and Results: Responses to the items in the questionnaire were entered into a series of discrimination function analyses to determine the diagnostic value of the items and the fewest number of questions with the best predictive value. The function was then cross-validated. A final 4-item questionnaire has 89% positive predictive value and 62% negative predictive value (sensitivity = 0.74; specificity = 0.82). Conclusions: This Shiftwork Disorder Screening Questionnaire may be appropriate for use in primary care settings to aid in the diagnosis of SWD. Citation: Barger LK; Ogeil RP; Drake CL; O'Brien CS; Ng KT; Rajaratnam SMW. Validation of a questionnaire to screen for shift work disorder. SLEEP 2012;35(12):1693–1703. PMID:23204612

Barger, Laura K.; Ogeil, Rowan P.; Drake, Christopher L.; O'Brien, Conor S.; Ng, Kim T.; Rajaratnam, Shantha M. W.

2012-01-01

227

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR, i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. Methods We administered the questionnaire to 440 participants (?: N = 316, ?: N = 124: 95 patients with breast cancer, 49 with colorectal cancer, 60 with diabetes mellitus, 39 with coronary heart disease, 28 with rheumatological conditions, 32 with Hashimoto's disease, 22 with multiple morbidities and 115 healthy people. We administered the questionnaire a second time to 50.2% of the participants. External convergence criteria included the German version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D, a short questionnaire on morningness-eveningness, the Herdecke Quality of Life Questionnaire (HLQ and a short version questionnaire on self-regulation. Results A principal component analysis yielded a three dimensional 18-item inventory of aR. The subscales orthostatic-circulatory, rest/activity and digestive regulation had internal consistency (Cronbach-?: r? = 0.65 – 0.75 and test-retest reliability (rrt = 0.70 – 85. AR was negatively associated with anxiety, depression, and dysmenorrhoea but positively correlated to HLQ, self-regulation and in part to morningness (except digestive aR (0.49 – 0.13, all p Conclusion An internal validation of the long-version scale of aR yielded consistent relationships with health versus illness, quality of life and personality. Further studies are required to clarify the issues of external validity, clinical and physiological relevance.

Matthes H

2008-06-01

228

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: a psychometric evaluation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

2010-01-01

229

Methamphetamine and paranoia: the methamphetamine experience questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Paranoia in methamphetamine (MA) users is not well characterized or understood. To investigate this phenomenon, we created the Methamphetamine Experience Questionnaire (MEQ), and tested its reliability and validity in assessing MA-induced paranoia. We administered the MEQ to 274 MA-dependent subjects. Of the total subjects, 45% (123) first experienced paranoia with MA use; 55% did not. Obtaining or using a weapon while paranoid was common (37% and 11% of subjects with MA-induced paranoia, respectively). Test-retest and inter-rater reliability for MA-induced paranoia showed substantial agreement (kappa = .77, p < .05 and kappa = .80, p < .05, respectively). First episodes of paranoia occurred more often with intravenous use of MA, and subsequent episodes at higher doses. There was modest correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) paranoid ideation scale (rho = .27, p < .05). As expected, there was a poor correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the BSI depression scale (rho = .14, p = .07). The MEQ provides useful information on drug use variables that contribute to paranoia commonly associated with MA use. (Am J Addict 2010;00:1-14). PMID:20163388

Leamon, Martin H; Flower, Keith; Salo, Ruth E; Nordahl, Thomas E; Kranzler, Henry R; Galloway, Gantt P

2010-01-01

230

Education Statistics Slide Show  

Science.gov (United States)

Created by Grace York, coordinator of the University of Michigan's Documents Center, the Education Statistics Slide Show is an online presentation demonstrating how to locate, obtain, and manipulate educational data on the Web. The presentation consists of 72 slides and offers instruction on the use of several Websites including the US Census Bureau's American Factfinder site (see the April 2, 1999 Scout Report), the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) Census Mapping site, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) site, the FEDSTATS site (see the May 30, 1997 Scout Report), and many more. The tutorial presentation also provides ten practice questions and a detailed Webliography.

231

Developing and studying of the voice disorder symptoms questionnaire in adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Evaluation of voice problem involves perceptual, acoustic, aerodynamic and physiological measure. In recent years assessment of patients point of view use as a essential part of evaluation. The aim of this study was construct a questionnaire for assessment of physical, functional and emotional voice problems in adults.Methods: This study is a kind of constructing battery. Based on a comprehensive study of many foreign questionnaires, "The voice symptoms assessment" questionnaire in adult was produced. Its content validity was determined according to the judgment of 7 speech and language pathologists. This questionnaire administered to 60 voice patients (20 female and 40 male between 18 to 60 years old that could read and write in Persian. The reliability of this questionnaire is determined by the method of Cronbach Alpha and split half.Results: Content validity index of this questionnaire was 0.94. Cronbach Alpha was high (more than 0.7 and Spearman-Brown coefficient of split half was 0.96. Correlatoin Coefficient was statistically significant between 3 parts and total questionnaire (p<0.01.Conclusion: "The voice symptoms assessment" questionnaire in adult has good content validity and reliability and reflects the wide range of physical, functional and emotional problems in voice patients. This questionnaire is simple for patients to complete and easy to score. It seems that use of this questionnaire, as part of a complete voice evaluation will be helpful in future.

Fatemeh Hoseyni

2012-06-01

232

Evaluation of physical activity of disabled people by modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. The aim of the study was an adaptation the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for disabled people moving on wheelchairs, and check and objectification of the proposed tool. Material and methods. The research covered 69 disabled people (8 women and 61 men. All group was divided into two subgroups: regularly practicing sportsmen - Group 1 and people who were not practicing any sport - Group 2. Research tool was International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short version adapted for disabled people. Results. Averaged results of physical activity, expressed in MET, showed the differences between groups (Groups 1 average 7418 MET, Group 2 average 2158 MET, p=0.000. The biggest differences (p=0.000 were spotted in intensive physical activity. People regularly practicing sport training also devoting more time on activities related to locomotion. 31 of sportsmen characterized high level of physical activity and 6 - medium. In the second group 9 people were in high level, 11 in medium and 14 in low level of physical activity. Conclusions. 1. Almost half of people who were not practicing any sport was characterized by an insufficient level of physical activity. It means that the persons who not taking sports activities are also less active while performing daily chores and leisure. 2. The modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ can be an effective tool for the evaluation of physical activity of disabled people moving on wheelchairs.

Boguszewski Dariusz.

2012-12-01

233

Reliability and validity of job content questionnaire for university research laboratory staff in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) has been proven a reliable and valid instrument to assess job stress in many countries and among various occupations. In Malaysia, both English and Malay versions of the JCQ have been administered to automotive workers, schoolteachers, and office workers. This study assessed the reliability and validity of the instrument with research laboratory staff in a university. A cross sectional study was conducted among 258 research laboratory staff in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Malaysian laboratory staff who have worked for at least one year were randomly selected from nine faculties and institutes in the university that have research laboratory. A self-administered English and Malay version of Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was used. Three major scales of JCQ: decision latitude, psychological job demands, and social support were assessed. Cronbach's alpha coefficients of two scales were acceptable, decision latitude and psychological job demands (0.70 and 0.72, respectively), while Cronbach's alpha coefficient for social support (0.86) was good. Exploratory factor analysis showed five factors that correspond closely to the theoretical construct of the questionnaire. The results of this research suggest that the JCQ is reliable and valid for examining psychosocial work situations and job strain among research laboratory staff. Further studies should be done for confirmative results, and further evaluation is needed on the decision authority subscale for this occupation. PMID:24968690

Nehzat, F; Huda, B Z; Tajuddin, S H Syed

2014-03-01

234

Chronic depression: development and evaluation of the luebeck questionnaire for recording preoperational thinking (LQPT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A standardized instrument for recording the specific cognitive psychopathology of chronically depressed patients has not yet been developed. Up until now, preoperational thinking of chronically depressed patients has only been described in case studies, or through the external observations of therapists. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a standardized self-assessment instrument for measuring preoperational thinking that sufficiently conforms to the quality criteria for test theory. Methods The "Luebeck Questionnaire for Recording Preoperational Thinking (LQPT" was developed and evaluated using a german sample consisting of 30 episodically depressed, 30 chronically depressed and 30 healthy volunteers. As an initial step the questionnaire was subjected to an item analysis and a final test form was compiled. In a second step, reliability and validity tests were performed. Results Overall, the results of this study showed that the LQPT is a useful, reliable and valid instrument. The reliability (split-half reliability 0.885; internal consistency 0.901 and the correlations with other instruments for measuring related constructs (control beliefs, interpersonal problems, stress management proved to be satisfactory. Chronically depressed patients, episodically depressed patients and healthy volunteers could be distinguished from one another in a statistically significant manner (p Conclusion The questionnaire fulfilled the classical test quality criteria. With the LQPT there is an opportunity to test the theory underlying the CBASP model.

Kühnen Tanja

2011-12-01

235

Adaptation, Validity and Reliability of the Body Sensations Questionnaire Turkish Version  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ. Method: BSQ was administered to 122 patients with panic disorder. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Socio-demographic Data Form and BSQ Turkish version were administered to participants. Construct validity was assesed by factor analysis after Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett tests applied. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 66% (n=80 of the participants were female and 34% (n=42 were male. The mean age of participants was 31,7±10,8 years and age range was 18-58 years. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was calculated 0,921 by Cronbach alpha. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaire were found as 0,889 and 0,850. Again spearmen-brown coefficient was found as 0,849 by the same analysis. Factor analysis revealed five basic factors. 75,2% of the total variance was explained with these five factors. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of BSQ is a reliable and valid scale for measuring the fear of the bodily sensations associated with panic.

Aysegül KART

2014-03-01

236

Validation of the multimedia version of the RDC/TMD axis II questionnaire in Portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to validate the multimedia version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD Axis II Questionnaire in Portuguese language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD, evaluated at the Orofacial Pain Control Center of the Dental School of the University of Pernambuco, Brazil, between April and June 2006. Data collection was performed using the following instruments: Simplifed Anamnestic Index (SAI and RDC/TMD Axis II written version and multimedia version. The validation process consisted of analyzing the internal consistency of the scales. Concurrent and convergent validity were evaluated by the Spearman's rank correlation. In addition, test and analysis of reproducibility by the Kappa weighted statistical test and Spearman's rank correlation test were performed. RESULTS: The multimedia version of the RDC/TMD Axis II questionnaire in Portuguese was considered consistent (Crombrach alpha = 0.94, reproducible (Spearman 0.670 to 0.913, p<0.01 and valid (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire showed valid and reproducible results, and represents an instrument of practical application in epidemiological studies of TMD in the Brazilian population.

Ricardo Figueiredo Cavalcanti

2010-06-01

237

The Polish version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Polish language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Polish CHAQ CHQ were fully validated with 1 forward and 1 backward translation. A total of 30 subjects were enrolled: 17 patients with JIA (35% systemic onset, 18% polyarticular onset, 29% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 18% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 13 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Polish versions of the CHAQ-CHQ are reliable, and valid tools for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510314

Romicka, A M; Ruperto, N; Gutowska-Grzegorczyk, G; Musiej-Nowakowska, E; Wyszynska, E

2001-01-01

238

Generic ABILHAND Questionnaire Can Measure Manual Ability across a Variety of Motor Impairments  

Science.gov (United States)

ABILHAND is, in its original version, a 46-item, 4-level questionnaire. It measures the difficulty perceived by patients with rheumatoid arthritis as they do various daily manual tasks. ABILHAND was originally built through Rasch analysis. In a later study, it was simplified to a generic 23-item, three-level questionnaire, showing both…

Simone, Anna; Rota, Viviana; Tesio, Luigi; Perucca, Laura

2011-01-01

239

Not a "reality" show.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors of the preceding articles raise legitimate questions about patient and staff rights and the unintended consequences of allowing ABC News to film inside teaching hospitals. We explain why we regard their fears as baseless and not supported by what we heard from individuals portrayed in the filming, our decade-long experience making medical documentaries, and the full un-aired context of the scenes shown in the broadcast. The authors don't and can't know what conversations we had, what documents we reviewed, and what protections we put in place in each televised scene. Finally, we hope to correct several misleading examples cited by the authors as well as their offhand mischaracterization of our program as a "reality" show. PMID:23631336

Wrong, Terence; Baumgart, Erica

2013-01-01

240

Validity and Reliability of Short Form-12 Questionnaire in Iranian Hemodialysis Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.Materials and Methods. One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were asked to complete the SF-12 and SF-36 questionnaires. An initial test-retest reliability evaluation was performed on a sample of 70 patients from the total group, with a retest interval of 14 days. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency and validity was assessed using known-group comparisons and construct validity on the patient group as a whole. A linear regression analysis was used to assess any variation in the physical component summary and mental component summary scores of the SF-36 with the respective component summary scores of the SF-12. In addition, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing a confirmatory factor analysis.Results. Cronbach alpha for physical and mental component summaries were 0.89 and 0.90, respectively. The SF-12 showed a good discriminatory ability between subgroups of patients based on demographic and clinical variables. The confirmatory factor analysis for the original two-factor structure showed a good fit index (chi2 = 23.30, degrees of freedom = 13, goodness-of-fit index = 0.96, and root mean squared error of approximation = 0.079.Conclusions. In general, the SF-12 has good psychometric properties and can be used as a shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Amir H Pakpour

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
241

Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were asked to complete the SF-12 and SF-36 questionnaires. An initial test-retest reliability evaluation was performed on a sample of 70 patients from the total group, with a retest interval of 14 days. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency and validity was assessed using known-group comparisons and construct validity on the patient group as a whole. A linear regression analysis was used to assess any variation in the physical component summary and mental component summary scores of the SF-36 with the respective component summary scores of the SF-12. In addition, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha for physicaland mental component summaries were 0.89 and 0.90, respectively. The SF-12 showed a good discriminatory ability between subgroups of patients based on demographic and clinical variables. The confirmatory factor analysis for the original two-factor structure showed a good fit index (chi2 = 23.30, degrees of freedom = 13), goodness-of-fit index = 0.96, and root mean squared error of approximation = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the SF-12 has good psychometric properties and can be used as a shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Pakpour, Amir H.; Nourozi, Saeedeh

2011-01-01

242

The validity and precision of the leicester cough questionnaire in COPD patients with chronic cough  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A validated instrument to assess the effects of chronic cough on health status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is currently not available. The Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ is a cough-specific health status questionnaire which is originally validated for a population of general patients presenting with chronic cough. We examined the psychometric performance of the LCQ in patients with COPD and chronic productive cough. Methods Concurrent validity, internal consistency, reproducibility and responsiveness were determined. The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ and the Short Form-36 (SF-36 were used as external criteria. Questionnaires were completed at the start of the study. After 2 and 12 weeks the LCQ was repeated, together with a global rating of change. Results In total 54 patients were included. Concurrent validity analysis showed significant correlations between corresponding domains of the LCQ and the SGRQ (rs -0.31 to -0.60. Corresponding domains of the LCQ and the SF-36 showed weaker correlations (rs 0.04 to 0.41. Internal consistency was adequate for two of the three domains (Cronbach's ? 0.74 - 0.86. Test-retest reliability in stable patients was high (intraclass correlation coefficients 0.79 - 0.93. The mean difference after two weeks was 0.73 (± 1.75. Responsiveness analysis indicated that the LCQ was able to detect changes after 12 weeks. Conclusion The LCQ is a valid, reliable, responsive instrument to measure health status in COPD patients with chronic productive cough. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01071161

Berkhof Farida F

2012-01-01

243

Reliability and validity of Leicester Cough Questionnaire Korean version.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) is a self-administered questionnaire developed in England and validated for reliability. We developed a Korean translation of this questionnaire by applying a sequential forward and backward translation approach. The purpose of this study is to validate the Korean version of the LCQ (LCQ-K) in Korean patients with chronic cough. A multicenter prospective study was undertaken with 100 chronic cough patients who consented to participate in the study. The LCQ-K includes eight physical items, seven psychological items, and four social items. Visual analog scale (VAS) of cough, Borg Cough Scale (BCS), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) were used as external comparators. Participants included 52 women and 48 men with ages ranging from 18 years to 69 years. The concurrent validity comparing LCQ-K to VAS, BCS, and SF-36 yielded statistically significant Pearson correlation coefficients. The LCQ-K showed good reliability in three domains, with Cronbach's ? coefficients ranging from 0.84 to 0.87 (total: 0.91). Test-retest reliability was investigated with single measure intraclass correlation coefficients, which were found to be practically and statistically significant (p = 0.005). Responsiveness was validated by effective size ranging from 1.16 to 1.40 in each domain. LCQ-K is a reliable, valid, and responsive disease-specific questionnaire for assessing symptoms and quality of life of Korean patients with chronic cough. PMID:24906688

Han, Jong-Min; Jung, In-Chul; Kang, Weechang; Kim, Seung-Su; Yeo, Yoon; Park, Yang-Chun

2014-06-01

244

Clinical COPD Questionnaire score (CCQ and mortality  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Josefin Sundh,1 Christer Janson,2 Karin Lisspers,3 Scott Montgomery,4–6 Björn Ställberg31Department of Respiratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; 2Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; 3Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; 4Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; 5Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 6Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Charing Cross Hospital, London, United KingdomIntroduction: The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ measures health status and can be used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL. We investigated whether CCQ is also associated with mortality.Methods: Some 1111 Swedish primary and secondary care chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients were randomly selected. Information from questionnaires and medical record review were obtained in 970 patients. The Swedish Board of Health and Welfare provided mortality data. Cox regression estimated survival, with adjustment for age, sex, heart disease, and lung function (for a subset with spirometry data, n = 530. Age and sex-standardized mortality ratios were calculated.Results: Over 5 years, 220 patients (22.7% died. Mortality risk was higher for mean CCQ ? 3 (37.8% died compared with mean CCQ < 1 (11.4%, producing an adjusted hazard ratio (HR (and 95% confidence interval [CI] of 3.13 (1.98 to 4.95. After further adjustment for 1 second forced expiratory volume (expressed as percent of the European Community for Steel and Coal reference values , the association remained (HR 2.94 [1.42 to 6.10]. The mortality risk was higher than in the general population, with standardized mortality ratio (and 95% CI of 1.87 (1.18 to 2.80 with CCQ < 1, increasing to 6.05 (4.94 to 7.44 with CCQ ? 3.Conclusion: CCQ is predictive of mortality in COPD patients. As HRQL and mortality are both important clinical endpoints, CCQ could be used to target interventions.Keywords: health status, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL, Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMR

Sundh J

2012-12-01

245

The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%. Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%. Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology. Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Joaquim Edson Vieira

2008-01-01

246

The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ): Development and Validation.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ) is a short, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring leadership communication from both perspectives of the leader and the follower. Drawing on a communication-based approach to leadership and following a theoretical framework of interpersonal communication processes in organizations, this article describes the development and validation of a one-dimensional 6-item scale in four studies (total N = 604). Results from Study 1 and 2 provide evidence for the internal consistency and factorial validity of the PLCQ's self-rating version (PLCQ-SR)-a version for measuring how leaders perceive their own communication with their followers. Results from Study 3 and 4 show internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity of the PLCQ's other-rating version (PLCQ-OR)-a version for measuring how followers perceive the communication of their leaders. Cronbach's ? had an average of.80 over the four studies. All confirmatory factor analyses yielded good to excellent model fit indices. Convergent validity was established by average positive correlations of.69 with subdimensions of transformational leadership and leader-member exchange scales. Furthermore, nonsignificant correlations with socially desirable responding indicated discriminant validity. Last, criterion validity was supported by a moderately positive correlation with job satisfaction (r =.31). PMID:25511204

Schneider, Frank M; Maier, Michaela; Lovrekovic, Sara; Retzbach, Andrea

2015-02-17

247

Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess delay in treatment for breast cancer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study reports the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the time from detection of a breast cancer to arrival at a cancer hospital, as well as the factors that are associated with delay. Methods The proposed questionnaire measures dates for estimation of the patient, provider and total intervals from detection to treatment, as well as factors that could be related to delays: means of problem identification (self-discovery or screening, the patients’ initial interpretations of symptoms, patients’ perceptions of delay, reasons for delay in initial seeking of medical care, barriers perceived to have caused provider delay, prior utilisation of health services, use of alternative medicine, cancer-screening knowledge and practices, and aspects of the social network of support for medical attention. The questionnaire was assembled with consideration for previous research results from a review of the literature and qualitative interviews of patients with breast cancer symptoms. It was tested for face validity, content validity, reliability, internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity, sensitivity and specificity in a series of 4 tests with 602 patients. Results The instrument showed good face and content validity. It allowed discrimination of patients with different types and degrees of delay, had quite good reliability for the time intervals (with no significant mean differences between the two measurements, and fairly good internal consistency of the item dimensions (with Cronbach’s alpha values for each dimension between 0.42 and 0.85. Finally, sensitivity and specificity were 74.68% and 48.81%, respectively. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published report of the development and validation of a questionnaire for estimation of breast cancer delay and its correlated factors. It is a valid, reliable and sensitive instrument.

Unger-Saldaña Karla

2012-12-01

248

Importance of questionnaire context for a physical activity question  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Adequate information about physical activity habits is essential for surveillance, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives in this area. Previous studies have shown that question order and differences in wording result in systematic differences in people's responses to questionnaires; however, this has never been shown for physical activity questions. The aim was to study the influence of different formulations and question order on self-report physical activity in a population-based health interview survey. Four samples of each 1000 adults were drawn at random from the National Person Register. A new question about physical activity was included with minor differences in formulations in samples 1–3. Furthermore, the question in sample 2 was included in sample 4 but was placed in the end of the questionnaire. The mean time spent on moderate physical activity varied between the four samples from 57 to 100?min/day. Question order was associated with the reported number of minutes spent on moderate-intensity physical activity and with prevalence of meeting the recommendation, whereas physical inactivity was associated with the differences in formulation of the question. Questionnaire context influences the way people respond to questions about physical activity significantly and should be tested systematically in validation studies of physical activity questionnaires.

JØrgensen, M. E.; SØrensen, Mette Rosenlund

2013-01-01

249

Development of a short version of the new brief job stress questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was aimed to investigate the test-retest reliability and validity of a short version of the New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ) whose scales have one item selected from a standard version. Based on the results from an anonymous web-based questionnaire of occupational health staffs and personnel/labor staffs, we selected higher-priority scales from the standard version. After selecting one item with highest item-total correlation coefficient from each scale, a 23-item questionnaire was developed. A nationally representative survey was administered to Japanese employees (n=1,633) to examine test-retest reliability and validity. Most scales (or items) showed modest but adequate levels of test-retest reliability (r>0.50). Furthermore, job demands and job resources scales (or items) were associated with mental and physical stress reactions while job resources scales (or items) were also associated with positive outcomes. These findings provided a piece of evidence that the short version of the New BJSQ is reliable and valid. PMID:24975108

Inoue, Akiomi; Kawakami, Norito; Shimomitsu, Teruichi; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Haratani, Takashi; Yoshikawa, Toru; Shimazu, Akihito; Odagiri, Yuko

2014-01-01

250

Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

2012-01-01

251

/ Psychometric properties of the Spanish validation of the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Mindfulness-based therapies have demonstrated effectiveness in many clinical contexts. Various therapies that train mindfulness skills have proliferated in recent years. There is increasing interest in mindfulness-based therapies and in incorporating instruments that measu [...] re mindfulness in order to understand its role in clinical and basic research. The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a questionnaire for measuring mindfulness; it was derived from a factor analysis of five different questionnaires that measure a trait-like general tendency to be mindful in daily life. The objective of this study is to validate the FFMQ in a Spanish sample. Methods: The FFMQ was administered to a sample of 462 subjects ranging from 18 to 63 years (X = 27.9; SD = 9.75). The sample was composed by clinical (n = 146) and non-clinical (n = 226) subsamples. Results: The internal reliability of the scales ranged from acceptable to very good. Convergent analysis was conducted by computing Pearson's correlations, showing high correlations. The factorial structure is the same as that proposed by Baer et al. Conclusions: The FFMQ proved to be an effective instrument for measuring mindfulness in clinical and non-clinical Spanish samples.

A., Cebolla; A., García-Palacios; J., Soler; V., Guillen; R., Baños; C., Botella.

2012-06-01

252

An informant questionnaire for detecting Alzheimer's disease: are some items better than others?  

Science.gov (United States)

A decline in everyday cognitive functioning is important for diagnosing dementia. Informant questionnaires, such as the informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly (IQCODE), are used to measure this. Previously, conflicting results on the IQCODEs ability to discriminate between Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and cognitively healthy elderly were found. We aim to investigate whether specific groups of items are more useful than others in discriminating between these patient groups. Informants of 180 AD, 59 MCI, and 89 patients with subjective memory complaints (SMC) completed the IQCODE. To investigate the grouping of questionnaire items, we used a two-dimensional graded response model (GRM).The association between IQCODE, age, gender, education, and diagnosis was modeled using structural equation modeling. The GRM with two groups of items fitted better than the unidimensional model. However, the high correlation between the dimensions (r=.90) suggested unidimensionality. The structural model showed that the IQCODE was able to differentiate between all patient groups. The IQCODE can be considered as unidimensional and as a useful addition to diagnostic screening in a memory clinic setting, as it was able to distinguish between AD, MCI, and SMC and was not influenced by gender or education. PMID:22882809

Sikkes, Sietske A M; Knol, Dirk L; van den Berg, Mark T; de Lange-de Klerk, Elly S M; Scheltens, Philip; Klein, Martin; Pijnenburg, Yolande A L; Uitdehaag, Bernard M J

2011-07-01

253

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section...Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for...

2010-01-01

254

Assessment of a new questionnaire for self-reported sun sensitivity in an occupational skin cancer screening program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sun sensitivity of the skin is a risk factor for the development of cutaneous melanoma and other skin cancers. Epidemiological studies on causal factors for the development of melanoma must control for sun sensitivity as a confounder. A standardized instrument for measuring sun sensitivity has not been established yet. It is assumed that many studies show a high potential of residual confounding for sun sensitivity. In the present study, a new questionnaire for the assessment of self-reported sun sensitivity is administered and examined. Methods Prior to an occupational skin cancer screening program, the 745 participating employees were asked to fill in a questionnaire for self-assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire was developed by experts of the working group "Round Table Sunbeds" (RTS to limit the health hazards of sunbed use in Germany. A sun sensitivity score (RTS-score was calculated using 10 indicators. The internal consistency of the questionnaire and the agreement with other methods (convergent validity were examined. Results The RTS-score was calculated for 655 study participants who were 18 to 65 years of age. The correlation of the items among each other was between 0.12 and 0.62. The items and the RTS-score correlated between 0.46 and 0.77. The internal consistency showed a reliability coefficient with 0.82 (Cronbach's alpha. The comparison with the Fitzpatrick classification, the prevailing standard, was possible in 617 cases with a rank correlation of rs = 0.65. The categorization of the RTS-score in four risk groups showed correct classification to the four skin types of Fitzpatrick in 75% of the cases. Other methods for the assessment of sun sensitivity displayed varying agreements with the RTS-score. Conclusion The RTS questionnaire showed a sufficient internal consistency. There is a good convergent validity between the RTS-score and the Fritzpatrick classification avoiding shortcomings of the prevailing standard. The questionnaire represents a simple, reliable and valid instrument for the assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire can be useful for epidemiological studies as well as for skin cancer prevention. Further development and standardization of sun sensitivity assessments is necessary to strengthen the evidence of epidemiological studies on causal factors of melanoma and other skin cancers.

Steinebrunner Beatrix

2008-10-01

255

Reliability of GMFCS family report questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose: To examine the reliability of the web-based GMFCS Family Report Questionnaire (GMFCS-FR) between 8 and 11 years old children, compared with the GMFCS-Expanded and Revised (GMFCS-E&R). Method: The GMFCS-FR was translated from the English GMFCS-FR into Danish after the CanChild guidelines; only the order of levels was chosen like in the GMFCS-E&R. Families of 30 children with spastic and dystonic cerebral palsy (age from 8 to 11 years, randomly selected from a cerebral palsy register) answered the GMFCS-FR and were later interviewed by two physiotherapists. Participants and non-responders were compared on basic parameters available from the Danish CP register. Inter-rater agreement and weighted ¿ was calculated in order to compare the translated GMFCS-FR with physiotherapist's applied GMFCS-E&R. Results: The inter-rater agreement between the GMFCS-FR in Danish and the GMFCS-E&R was high (76%) and misclassification was minimal. There was a good agreement on the same or nearby levels (weighted ¿¿=¿0.76 and 0.81). The family rated the same or less ability, when compared with trained physiotherapists. Conclusion: The GMFCS-FR is a reliable tool for GMFCS evaluation among 8-11 years old Danish children with CP. The tendency for less-ability rating by families is important when performing and comparing results from epidemiological studies based on GMFCS-FR and GMFCS-E&R. [Box: see text].

Rackauskaite, Gija; Thorsen, Poul

2012-01-01

256

Sense of ownership and evaluation of safety. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and SEM analysis. The results of the pass analysis are as follows: (1) in the group which has high-sense of ownership, risk acceptance has a strong impact on sense of security for uranium mining sites reclamation, (2) in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

257

EVALUATIONS BY QUESTIONNAIRES ABOUT SIMPLE METHODS OF SEISMIC STRENGTHENING AND SETBACK OF HOUSES  

Science.gov (United States)

Law on promotion of renovation for earthquake-resistant structures was revised in 2006. Since then administrative agencies have been promoting seismic diagnosis and retrofit of houses. But citizens living in densely built-up areas cannot rebuild their houses because of their economic reasons and Building Standards Act regulations. Therefore, we conducted questionnaire surveys of construction companies located in Ishikawa Prefecture and citizens living in Kanazawa City. The results of surveys show that many construction companies are not in favor of simple method of seismic retrofit, and that width of roads hardly influence the citizens' consciousness to renovation for earthquake-resistant structures.

Mizuno, Norio; Miyajima, Masakatsu

258

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Achilles tendinopathy is the predominant overuse injury in runners. To further investigate this overload injury in transverse and longitudinal studies a valid, responsive and reliable outcome measure is demanded. Most questionnaires have been developed for English-speaking populations. This is also true for the VISA-A score, so far representing the only valid, reliable, and disease specific questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy. To internationally compare research results, to perform multinational studies or to exclude bias originating from subpopulations speaking different languages within one country an equivalent instrument is demanded in different languages. The aim of this study was therefore to cross-cultural adapt and validate the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients. Methods According to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" the VISA-A score was cross-culturally adapted into German (VISA-A-G using six steps: Translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, pretesting (n = 77, and appraisal of the adaptation process by an advisory committee determining the adequacy of the cross-cultural adaptation. The resulting VISA-A-G was then subjected to an analysis of reliability, validity, and internal consistency in 30 Achilles tendinopathy patients and 79 asymptomatic people. Concurrent validity was tested against a generic tendon grading system (Percy and Conochie and against a classification system for the effect of pain on athletic performance (Curwin and Stanish. Results The "advisory committee" determined the VISA-A-G questionnaire as been translated "acceptable". The VISA-A-G questionnaire showed moderate to excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.60 to 0.97. Concurrent validity showed good coherence when correlated with the grading system of Curwin and Stanish (rho = -0.95 and for the Percy and Conochie grade of severity (rho 0.95. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha for the total VISA-A-G scores of the patients was calculated to be 0.737. Conclusion The VISA-A questionnaire was successfully cross-cultural adapted and validated for use in German speaking populations. The psychometric properties of the VISA-A-G questionnaire are similar to those of the original English version. It therefore can be recommended as a sufficiently robust tool for future measuring clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy in German speaking patients.

Nauck Tanja

2009-10-01

259

The development and initial validation of the cognitive fusion questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) emphasizes the relationship a person has with their thoughts and beliefs as potentially more relevant than belief content in predicting the emotional and behavioral consequences of cognition. In ACT, "defusion" interventions aim to "unhook" thoughts from actions and to create psychological distance between a person and their thoughts, beliefs, memories, and self-stories. A number of similar concepts have been described in the psychology literature (e.g., decentering, metacognition, mentalization, and mindfulness) suggesting converging evidence that how we relate to mental events may be of critical importance. While there are some good measures of these related processes, none of them provides an adequate operationalization of cognitive fusion. Despite the centrality of cognitive fusion in the ACT model, there is as yet no agreed-upon measure of cognitive fusion. This paper presents the construction and development of a brief, self-report measure of cognitive fusion: The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). The results of a series of studies involving over 1,800 people across diverse samples show good preliminary evidence of the CFQ's factor structure, reliability, temporal stability, validity, discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment effects. The potential uses of the CFQ in research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:24411117

Gillanders, David T; Bolderston, Helen; Bond, Frank W; Dempster, Maria; Flaxman, Paul E; Campbell, Lindsey; Kerr, Sian; Tansey, Louise; Noel, Penelope; Ferenbach, Clive; Masley, Samantha; Roach, Louise; Lloyd, Joda; May, Lauraine; Clarke, Susan; Remington, Bob

2014-01-01

260

Developing a Telephone Assessment of Physical Activity (TAPA Questionnaire for Older Adults  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction We report on development and preliminary validation of a brief, telephone-based measurement tool for assessing physical activity in older adults. The Telephone Assessment of Physical Activity (TAPA questionnaire is based on the University of Washington Health Promotion Research Center’s Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA, a written questionnaire.MethodsThe Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity questionnaire was modified to permit interviewers to administer it as a telephone interview. We retained its scoring levels and interpretation. The pilot test of the telephone version assessed the questionnaire’s ease of administration and construct validity in a community-based sample of older adults. Spearman rho and kappa statistics were computed for comparison with the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity questionnaire and the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors questionnaire.ResultsThirty-four older adults completed the telephone assessment. A Spearman rho of 0.74 and a kappa statistic of 0.48 were found between TAPA and the written RAPA.ConclusionThe pilot test demonstrated that the TAPA questionnaire is a promising instrument for use as a brief, telephone-based questionnaire for assessing physical activity in older adults.

Charles J. Mayer, MD, MPH

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Evaluating the organisational climate in Italian public healthcare institutions by means of a questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background By means of the ICONAS project, the Healthcare Agency of an Italian Region developed, and used a standardised questionnaire to quantify the organisational climate. The aims of the project were (a to investigate whether the healthcare institutions were interested in measuring climate, (b to estimate the range of applicability and reliability of the instrument, (c to analyse the dimensions of climate among healthcare personnel, (d to assess the differences among employees with different contractual positions. Methods The anonymous questionnaire containing 50 items, each with a scale from 1 to 10, was offered to the healthcare organisations, to be compiled during ad hoc meetings. The data were sent to the central project coordinator. The differences between highly specialised staff (mostly physicians and other employees were assessed after descriptive statistical analysis of the single items. Both Principal Component Analysis and Factor Analysis were used. Results Ten healthcare organisations agreed to partecipate. The questionnaire was completed by 8691 employees out of 13202. The mean value of organisational climate was 4.79 (range 1–10. There were significant differences among single items and between the 2 groups of employees. Multivariate methods showed: (a one principal component explained > 40% of the variance, (b 7 factors summarised the data. Conclusion Italian healthcare institutions are interested in assessing organisational phenomena, especially after the reforms of the nineties. The instrument was found to be applicable and suitable for measuring organisational climate. Administration of the questionnaire leads to an acceptable response rate. Climate can be discribed by means of 7 underlying dimensions.

Nicoli Augusta

2007-05-01

262

Evaluating the organisational climate in Italian public healthcare institutions by means of a questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background By means of the ICONAS project, the Healthcare Agency of an Italian Region developed, and used a standardised questionnaire to quantify the organisational climate. The aims of the project were (a) to investigate whether the healthcare institutions were interested in measuring climate, (b) to estimate the range of applicability and reliability of the instrument, (c) to analyse the dimensions of climate among healthcare personnel, (d) to assess the differences among employees with different contractual positions. Methods The anonymous questionnaire containing 50 items, each with a scale from 1 to 10, was offered to the healthcare organisations, to be compiled during ad hoc meetings. The data were sent to the central project coordinator. The differences between highly specialised staff (mostly physicians) and other employees were assessed after descriptive statistical analysis of the single items. Both Principal Component Analysis and Factor Analysis were used. Results Ten healthcare organisations agreed to partecipate. The questionnaire was completed by 8691 employees out of 13202. The mean value of organisational climate was 4.79 (range 1–10). There were significant differences among single items and between the 2 groups of employees. Multivariate methods showed: (a) one principal component explained > 40% of the variance, (b) 7 factors summarised the data. Conclusion Italian healthcare institutions are interested in assessing organisational phenomena, especially after the reforms of the nineties. The instrument was found to be applicable and suitable for measuring organisational climate. Administration of the questionnaire leads to an acceptable response rate. Climate can be discribed by means of 7 underlying dimensions. PMID:17519007

Wienand, Ulrich; Cinotti, Renata; Nicoli, Augusta; Bisagni, Miriam

2007-01-01

263

Dietary fiber showed no preventive effect against colon and rectal cancers in Japanese with low fat intake: an analysis from the results of nutrition surveys from 23 Japanese prefectures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Since Fuchs' report in 1999, the reported protective effect of dietary fiber from colorectal carcinogenesis has led many researchers to question its real benefit. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between diet, especially dietary fiber and fat and colorectal cancer in Japan. Methods A multiple regression analysis (using the stepwise variable selection method was performed using the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs of colon and rectal cancer in 23 Japanese prefectures as objective variables and dietary fiber, nutrients and food groups as explanatory variables. Results As for colon cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficients were positively significant for fat (1,13, P = 0.000, seaweeds (0.41, P = 0.026 and beans (0.45, P = 0.017 and were negatively significant for vitamin A (-0.63, P = 0.003, vitamin C (-0.42, P = 0.019 and yellow-green vegetables (-0.37, P = 0.046. For rectal cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficient in fat (0.60, P = 0.002 was positively significant. Dietary fiber was not found to have a significant relationship with either colon or rectal cancers. Conclusions This study failed to show any protective effect of dietary fiber in subjects with a low fat intake (Japanese in this analysis, which supports Fuchs' findings in subjects with a high fat intake (US Americans.

Sugawara Kazuo

2001-10-01

264

Sensitivity testing of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

The sensitivity of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ) was evaluated using pooled data from open-label extensions of two clinical trials in patients with partial-onset seizures. The SSQ includes questions relating to frequency and helpfulness of warning signs as well as frequency, severity, and bothersomeness of ictal and postictal effects. Differences between mean change from baseline for each SSQ item for responders and nonresponders were described and compared between patients solely with complex partial seizures (CPSs: responders, n=166; nonresponders, n=127) and those solely with secondarily generalized partial seizures (SGPSs: responders, n=26; nonresponders, n=24) at baseline. Seizure Severity Questionnaire total score and individual SSQ items related to ictal movement, consciousness, bothersomeness of postictal effects, and frequency of postictal emotional effects showed differentiation between seizure type responders. These data provide further validation of the SSQ by demonstrating its sensitivity in describing treatment effects. PMID:24275520

Borghs, Simon; de la Loge, Christine; Brabant, Yves; Cramer, Joyce

2014-02-01

265

Chronic persistent cough in the community: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Chronic cough is a common symptom which causes significant levels of morbidity. It is becoming increasingly well characterised by research taking place in specialist cough clinics, where successful treatment rates are high. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the symptom complex of chronic cough in the community. This report details the results of a postal questionnaire survey sent to individuals requesting further information on chronic cough.

Thompson Rachel H; Kastelik Jack A; Everett Caroline F; Morice Alyn H

2007-01-01

266

A validity study of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper is based on the results of a research that aimed to identify the factors influencing school inclusion among disadvantagedstudents. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, intended to: (1)measure school inclusion levels among students; (2) identify students with significantly lower levels of school inclusion, whoneed to be included in intervention programs; and (3) measure the impact of intervention programs using subjective ind...

DIANA D?MEAN

2012-01-01

267

Emotional intelligence and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study explores the relationship between the Bar-on EQ-I and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire OPQ32i to determine if there is a link between self- and other-reported Emotional Intelligence and personality traits. Data was obtained from 329 managers working in the IT and Finance sectors and included multi-source (360 degree) measures of Emotional Intelligence. Results indicated construct overlap and correlations between some elements of Emotional Intelligence and the OPQ32i wit...

AdrianFurnham

2014-01-01

268

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

269

Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect/correct scores (0/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0,..., 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical…

Zijlstra, Wobbe P.; Van Der Ark, L. Andries; Sijtsma, Klaas

2007-01-01

270

University of Michigan Drug Education Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses attitudes toward potential drug education programs and drug use practices in college students. The 87 items (multiple choice or free response) pertain to the history and extent of usage of 27 different drugs, including two non-existent drugs which may be utilized as a validity check; attitude toward the content, format,…

Francis, John Bruce; Patch, David J.

271

Canadian Version of the Diet History Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and the DHQ nutrient database were modified for use in Canada through the collaborative efforts of Dr. Amy Subar and staff at the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, and Dr. Ilona Csizmadi and colleagues in the Division of Population Health and Information at the Alberta Cancer Board in Canada.

272

Impact of a child with congenital anomalies on parents (ICCAP questionnaire; a psychometric analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to validate the Impact of a Child with Congenital Anomalies on Parents (ICCAP questionnaire. ICCAP was newly designed to assess the impact of giving birth to a child with severe anatomical congenital anomalies (CA on parental quality of life as a result of early stress. Methods At 6 weeks and 6 months after birth, mothers and fathers of 100 children with severe CA were asked to complete the ICCAP questionnaire and the SF36. The ICCAP questionnaire measures six domains: contact with caregivers, social network, partner relationship, state of mind, child acceptance, and fears and anxiety. Reliability (i.e. internal consistency and test-retest and validity were tested and the ICCAP was compared to the SF-36. Results Confirmatory factor analysis resulted in 6 six a priori constructed subscales covering different psychological and social domains of parental quality of life as a result of early stress. Reliability estimates (congeneric approach ranged from .49 to .92. Positive correlations with SF-36 scales ranging from .34 to .77 confirmed congruent validity. Correlations between ICCAP subscales and children's biographic characteristics, primary CA, and medical care as well as parental biographic and demographic variables ranged from -.23 to .58 and thus indicated known-group validity of the instrument. Over time both mothers and fathers showed changes on subscales (Cohen's d varied from .07 to .49, while the test-retest reliability estimates varied from .42 to .91. Conclusion The ICCAP is a reliable and valid instrument for clinical practice. It enables early signaling of parental quality of life as a result of early stress, and thus early intervention.

van Dijk Monique

2008-11-01

273

Reliability and Validity of Persian Version of World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire in Iranian Health Care Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The effect of health status on productivity has widely been studied and discussed in literature. Valid and reliable tools are needed to evaluate the levels of health and productivity and provide detailed information, before any intervention is implemented. World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ is a widely used instrument in estimating the workplace costs of health problems in terms of reduced job performance, sickness absence, and work-related accidents and injuries.Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of Persian version of HPQ in Iranian health care workers.Methods: The questionnaire was translated to Persian and back translated. 102 health care workers completed the questionnaire. Absence and sick-leave data was extracted from administrative records.Results: Factor analysis revealed acceptable validity for the questionnaire in part A (health. Cronbach's alpha was >0.73 for all scales of Parts B (work and C (demographic. Questions targeting days of absence and sick-leave had acceptable correlation with administrative records (Pearson's r >0.75, while questions on total hours worked showed lower correlation.Conclusion: Persian version of HPQ can be considered a reliable and valid tool in Iranian health workers.

E Vingard

2011-12-01

274

Identification of wearing-off manifestations (reduction of levodopa effect) in Parkinson's disease using specific questionnaire and comparison of the results with routine ambulatory evaluations Identificação de manifestações de wearing-off (redução do efeito da levodopa) em pacientes com doença de Parkinson utilizando questionário específico e comparação dos resultados com avaliações ambulatoriais de rotina  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study had the objective to verify if the presence of wearing-off phenomenon in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) could be better identified by the administration of the "Wearing-off Questionnaire Card" (QC). The participant patients were first evaluated by resident doctors in neurology and then invited to answer the QC for detection of motor and nonmotor wearing-off manifestations. Seventy and nine patients were enclosed in the study. The questionnaire revealed that 63 patients (80%...

Luciano Magalhães Melo; Hsin Fen Chien; Egberto Reis Barbosa

2010-01-01

275

Translation and validation of the German version of the Bournemouth Questionnaire for Neck Pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical outcome measures are important tools to monitor patient improvement during treatment as well as to document changes for research purposes. The short-form Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients (BQN was developed from the biopsychosocial model and measures pain, disability, cognitive and affective domains. It has been shown to be a valid and reliable outcome measure in English, French and Dutch and more sensitive to change compared to other questionnaires. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate a German version of the Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients. Methods German translation and back translation into English of the BQN was done independently by four persons and overseen by an expert committee. Face validity of the German BQN was tested on 30 neck pain patients in a single chiropractic practice. Test-retest reliability was evaluated on 31 medical students and chiropractors before and after a lecture. The German BQN was then assessed on 102 first time neck pain patients at two chiropractic practices for internal consistency, external construct validity, external longitudinal construct validity and sensitivity to change compared to the German versions of the Neck Disability Index (NDI and the Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD. Results Face validity testing lead to minor changes to the German BQN. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for the test-retest reliability was 0.99. The internal consistency was strong for all 7 items of the BQN with Cronbach ?'s of .79 and .80 for the pre and post-treatment total scores. External construct validity and external longitudinal construct validity using Pearson's correlation coefficient showed statistically significant correlations for all 7 scales of the BQN with the other questionnaires. The German BQN showed greater responsiveness compared to the other questionnaires for all scales. Conclusions The German BQN is a valid and reliable outcome measure that has been successfully translated and culturally adapted. It is shorter, easier to use, and more responsive to change than the NDI and NPAD.

Soklic Marina

2012-01-01

276

Linguistic validation into 20 languages and content validity of the rheumatoid arthritis-specific Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Impairments in work productivity and daily activities contribute to the burden of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is thus essential to use an instrument assessing both work and daily activity impairments when studying the full impact of RA on individuals. The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire is such an instrument. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to linguistically validate the RA-specific WPAI (WPAI:RA) instrument in 20 new languages and to assess its content validity for individuals with RA. METHODS: The linguistic validation of the questionnaire followed a standard methodology that included comprehension test interviews (n = 5 individuals with RA per language) to assess the relevance, understanding and acceptability of the WPAI:RA. Content validity of the instrument was simultaneously investigated. RESULTS: Comprehension testing showed that the WPAI:RA questionnaire was well understood similarly across countries; minor changes were made to ensure fidelity to the originalconcepts and for ease of comprehension. The majority of interviewees (66/93) considered its content comprehensive and appropriate to measure their ability to work and perform daily activities. CONCLUSION: The WPAI:RA questionnaire is now linguistically validated in 20 new languages [Czech (Czech Republic), Dutch (Belgium), English (Canada and UK), French (Belgium, Canada and France), German (Germany), Hungarian (Hungary), Italian (Italy), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazil), Romanian (Romania), Russian (Russia and Ukraine), Spanish (Argentina, Mexico, Spain and US) and Ukrainian (Ukraine)]. The WPAI:RA questionnaire shows good content validity. It can thus be used in multi-country clinical trials to assess RA-related impact on the patients' ability to work and perform daily activities.

Lambert, Jérémy; Hansen, Brian B

2014-01-01

277

Validation of the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey screening questionnaire for use in epidemiologic studies for adult asthma  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Standardized questionnaire is one of key instruments for general population surveys. Objective The present study aimed to develop and validate the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) screening questionnaire for adult asthma surveys. Methods The ECRHS screening questionnaire was translated into Korean language according to the international criteria. Study participants were prospectively recruited from six referral hospitals and one health check-up center. Comprehensibility of the translation was tested in a pilot study of 10 patients. The reliability was evaluated by internal consistency and test-retest repeatability. Validity was assess with regard to physician-diagnosed asthma. Results A total of 100 adult asthma patients and 134 volunteers were recruited. Reliability was examined for 10 items in 100 asthmatics; Cronbach ? coefficients were 0.84, and test-retest repeatability was good (Cohen ? coefficient, 0.71-1.00). Validity was assessed for 8 items in 234 participants; in particular, 'recent wheeze' showed a high sensitivity (0.89) for physician-diagnosed asthma. 'Recent asthma attack' and 'current asthma medication' showed high specificity (0.96-0.98). Conclusion The present study demonstrated that the Korean version of the ECRHS screening questionnaire was comprehensible, reliable and valid. We suggest the questionnaire to be utilized in further epidemiological studies for asthma in Korean adult populations. PMID:25653917

Song, Woo-Jung; Lee, So-Hee; Kang, Min-Gyu; Kim, Ju-Young; Kim, Mi-Young; Jo, Eun-Jung; Lee, Suh-Young; Lee, Seung-Eun; Kim, Min-Hye; Yang, Min-Suk; Kim, Sae-Hoon; Kang, Hye-Ryun; Park, Hye-Kyung; Park, Heung-Woo; Chang, Yoon-Seok; Kim, Sun-Sin; Lee, Jong-Myung; Min, Kyung-Up

2015-01-01

278

The Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Cross cultural adaptation, reliability, validity and responsiveness.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire to produce an equivalent Korean version. A total of 53 patients completed the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months after open carpal tunnel release. All 53 also completed the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months post-operatively. Reliability was measured by determining the test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Test-retest reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and paired t-tests, and internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha coefficients. Pearson correlation analysis was carried out on the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire scores and the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scores to assess construct validity. Responsiveness was evaluated using effect sizes and standardized response means. The reliability of the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire was good. The scores in the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand strongly correlated with the scores in the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Standardized response mean and effect size were both large for the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. The study shows that the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire is a reliable, valid and responsive instrument for measuring outcomes in carpal tunnel syndrome. PMID:25005562

Kim, J K; Lim, H M

2015-02-01

279

Questionnaires for measuring physical activity in the elderly  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The identifi cation of the best amount of physical activity is fundamental so that coherent physical activity practices can be advised regarding the amount, intensity, and frequency, as well as intervention programs can be built to minimize and control problems from functional decline with age. Amongst the methods and techniques, questionnaires have been the most used tool to evaluate physical activity and energy expenditure. Thus, the present study proposed to evaluate psychometric characteristics, advantages and limitations of questionnaires that measure physical activity level in the elderly. A literature review in electronic databases was performed using Ovid Medline and also in personal fi les. After identifying the questionnaires, a new search was run. Six questionnaires were found, and their characteristics were presented. The Baecke and the IPAQ questionnaires are the only forms translated into Portuguese and validated. The IPAQ seemed to show the best conditions to be applied in aged Brazilians. Thus, the questionnaires evaluating physical activity level in the elderly population in Brazil have good reliability, but low validity. RESUMO Identificar a quantidade ideal de atividade física é fundamental para que se possa orientar práticas coerentes em relação à quantidade, intensidade e freqüência, bem como construir programas de intervenções para minimizar e controlar os problemas relacionados com o declínio funcional em idosos. Dentre os métodos e técnicas, os questionários têm sido os mais empregados para avaliar a atividade física e o gasto energético. Assim, o presente estudo objetivou avaliar as características, origens, aspectos psicométricos, vantagens e limitações de questionários que medem o nível de atividade física em idosos. Realizou-se umarevisão bibliográfi ca nos bancos de dados eletrônicos: Ovid Medline e o acervo bibliográfi co pessoal. Após a identifi cação dos instrumentos, realizou-se nova busca para a avaliação. Foram encontrados seis questionários e apresentadas as características de cada um. Os questionários BAECKE e o IPAQ são os únicos traduzidos e validados para a língua portuguesa, e o IPAQ foi o que pareceu apresentar as melhores condições para ser aplicado em idosos brasileiros. Assim, dentre os questionários que avaliam o nível de atividade física em populações idosas no Brasil, verifi cou-se que apresentam boa reprodutibilidade, mas baixa validade.

Tânia Bertoldo Benedetti

2006-12-01

280

Avaliação psicométrica do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) / Psychometric assessment of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ), com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, validade convergente e discriminante, e reprodutibilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e ?-Cronbach), realizadas c [...] om 287 universitários brasileiros entre 18 e 30 anos de idade. O MBCQ obteve estrutura fatorial adequada, com quatro fatores que explicam 64,32% da variância dos resultados, validade convergente - associação significativa (p Abstract in english This study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, concurrent and discriminant validity, and reliability (intra-class coefficient correlation and Cronbach's alpha). Two hundred and eighty seven [...] Brazilian undergraduate students between 18 and 30 years old were evaluated. The MBCQ showed adequate factor structure with four factors that explain 64.32% of total variance, concurrent validity - significant association with body dissatisfaction (p

Pedro Henrique Berbert de, Carvalho; Maria Aparecida, Conti; Mário Sérgio, Ribeiro; Ana Carolina Soares, Amaral; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

2014-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Validation of the Global Health Professions Students Survey questionnaire in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: The World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, and the Canadian Public Health Association have developed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS questionnaire in order to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counselling among health- profession students. The aims of the study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GHPSS questionnaire in Italy among health-profession students and to examine the prevalence of tobacco use, knowledge and attitudes to it and tobacco cessation training among students attending Italian medical schools using the standardised GHPSS approach.

Methods: Before testing tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training, we calculated the Cronbach s alpha to assess the internal validity with the intention of avoiding misleading results. The questionnaire was administered to 100 health-profession students and data were collected in March 2009, during regular class sessions among students of two Italian Schools of Medicine. The original GHPSS instrument was translated into the Italian language and modified by adding three specific questions regarding I the knowledge about the use of antidepressants, ii Acetylcholine Receptor Partial Agonists, and iii counselling techniques used in tobacco cessation programs. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0, statistical software for windows.

Results: Cronbach’s alpha was higher on 17 items (alpha= 0.872, belonging to section I and IV (respectively: “Tobacco Use Prevalenceú and “Behaviour/Cessationú. The addition, also, of only one more of the others items (sectionmade the alpha value worse. Cronbach’s alpha for section VI for all items together (n. 44 items was 0.815, which implies that the questionnaire had a very satisfactory internal validity. The prevalence of current smokers was 33%, while only 12% of students declared to be tobacco users. Interestingly, students who were tobacco users were 80% less likely to consider that health professionals needed training on smoking cessation techniques in comparison to non tobacco users.

Conclusions: The questionnaire showed excellent reliability properties in the sample studied. In terms of internal consistency and validity, it appears to have an acceptable performance. Given the high prevalence of smokers among medical students, teaching them about the damages related to tobacco use, and how to help them quit smoking or tobacco use, emerged as important issues. Further studies to investigate these important issues, using a standardized method like GHPSS, are needed.

Maria Rosaria Gualano

2011-12-01

282

Nicotine craving questionnaire (CCN: psychometric properties on Mexican population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Smoker's craving is one of the most important problems in tobacco cessation treatment. The aim of this study was to elaborate a self report questionnaire to assess smoking urge. Development process was carried out in two parts: construction of items using a natural modified semantic networks method. It was administered to 42 smokers; after that, the first version of the questionnaire was answered by 222 smokers. Internal consistency was obtained and an analysis of discrimination was conducted on the items; then, a factorial analysis with varimax rotation using principal components method was carried out, resulting in 12 items on three factors that explain 76% of the variance and 0.92 Chronbach's alpha.

Luis Villalobos-Gallegos

2012-01-01

283

[Questionnaires on male sexual dysfunction and their clinical application].  

Science.gov (United States)

With the increasing incidence and prevalence of male sexual dysfunction, andrologists are more and more in need of accurate and efficient tools to assess therapeutic efficacy and patients' satisfaction and to help patients achieve satisfactory treatment results. This article summarizes some of the most commonly used questionnaires for the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment of male sexual dysfunction, including International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ), Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS), Treatment Satisfaction Scale (TSS), Self-Esteem and Relationship (SEAR), Premature Ejaculation Profile (PEP), Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT), Index of Premature Ejaculation (IPE), Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE), Aging Male Symptoms Scale (AMS), Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (ADAM), and Symptomatic Inventory for Screening Late-Onset Hypogonadism in Males (SILOH), and presents an overview on their clinical application. PMID:25306815

Cai, Yang; Wang, Tao; Liu, Ji-Hong

2014-09-01

284

A validity study of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper is based on the results of a research that aimed to identify the factors influencing school inclusion among disadvantagedstudents. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, intended to: (1measure school inclusion levels among students; (2 identify students with significantly lower levels of school inclusion, whoneed to be included in intervention programs; and (3 measure the impact of intervention programs using subjective indicators(beneficiaries’ perception of school and teachers, feelings of safety in school, school performance. The questionnaire was completedby 480 vocational school students aged 15-19 from a large developed urban area (Cluj-Napoca in Romania. The purpose of theresearch was to test the validity and reliability of the instrument and to propose it to professionals working in education (schoolpsychologists, school counsellors etc. for efficient data collection and for measuring the impact of educational intervention.

DIANA D?MEAN

2012-12-01

285

Assessing vividness of mental imagery: The Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mental imagery may occur in any sensory modality, although visual imagery has been most studied. A sensitive measure of the vividness of imagery across a range of modalities is needed: the shorter version of Bett's Questionnaire upon Mental Imagery (Sheehan, , J. Clin. Psychology, 23, 386) uses outdated items and has an unreliable factor structure. We report the development and initial validation of the Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire (Psi-Q) comprising items for each of the following modalities: Vision, Sound, Smell, Taste, Touch, Bodily Sensation, and Emotional Feeling. An exploratory factor analysis on a 35-item form indicated that these modalities formed separate factors, rather than a single imagery factor, and this was replicated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Psi-Q was validated against the Spontaneous Use of Imagery Scale (Reisberg et al., , Appl. Cogn. Psychology, 17, 147) and Marks' (, J. Mental Imagery, 19, 153) Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire-2 (VVIQ-2). A short 21-item form comprising the best three items from the seven factors correlated with the total score and subscales of the full form, and with the VVIQ-2. Inspection of the data shows that while visual and sound imagery is most often rated as vivid, individuals who rate one modality as strong and the other as weak are not uncommon. Findings are interpreted within a working memory framework and point to the need for further research to identify the specific cognitive processes underlying the vividness of imagery across sensory modalities. PMID:24117327

Andrade, Jackie; May, Jon; Deeprose, Catherine; Baugh, Sarah-Jane; Ganis, Giorgio

2014-11-01

286

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!  

CERN Document Server

Time to plan for the 2001-02 lecture series. From today until April 9 you have the chance to give your contribution to improved planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site: http://wwwinfo/support/survey/academic-training/ you will find questionnaires concerning the following different categories: high energy physics, applied physics, science and society and post-graduate students lectures. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at CERN bookshop.

Academic Training; Tel. 73127

2001-01-01

287

Construct Validity Of The Career Resilience Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The construct validity of the Career Resilience Questionnaire (Fourie & VanVuuren, 1998) was investigated by means of an oblique multiple groups factor analysis.The highest factor structure coefficients of several of the items did not coincide with the respective factors that the items were postulated to measure. In addition, the correlations among the factors cast doubt on the independence of some of the constructs.

Opsomming
Die konstrukge...

Lew, Charlene C.; Bruin, Gideon P.

2002-01-01

288

Portuguese validation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire for functional dyspepsia / Validação do questionário diagnóstico de Roma III para dispepsia funcional na língua portuguesa  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Questionários validados são ferramentas essenciais para serem utilizados em estudos epidemiológicos. No momento não existem questionários diagnósticos de Roma III traduzidos para português. OBJETIVO: Validar a versão em português do Questionário Diagnóstico de Roma III para Dispepsia Funci [...] onal. MÉTODOS: O questionário foi traduzido seguindo as recomendações de Roma III. Cento e nove pacientes consecutivos com dispepsia funcional responderam ao questionário. O grupo controle foi composto por 100 doadores de sangue consecutivos, sem problemas digestivos. Consistência interna, reprodutibilidade, sensibilidade, validade discriminante e análise de conteúdo foram avaliadas. RESULTADOS: O coeficiente ?de Cronbach foi de 0,92. O questionário mostrou reprodutibilidade: os pacientes responderam-no de forma semelhante em duas ocasiões distintas e suas respostas foram substancialmente semelhantes (P = 1,00). O questionário foi capaz de demonstrar alterações quando elas ocorreram (P Abstract in english CONTEXT: Validated questionnaires are essential tools to be utilized in epidemiological research. At the moment there are no Rome III diagnostic questionnaires translated to Portuguese. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Portuguese version of the Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire for Functional Dyspepsia. M [...] ETHODS: The questionnaire has been translated following the Rome III recommendations. Hundred and nine consecutive patients with functional dyspepsia answered the questionnaire. The control group comprised 100 healthy consecutive blood donors, without digestive problems. Internal consistency, reproducibility, responsiveness, discriminate validity and content analysis were evaluated. RESULTS: Cronbach's ? coefficient was 0.92. The questionnaire showed reliability: the patients answered it in a similar way on two distinct occasions and their responses were substantially very similar (P = 1.00). The questionnaire was able to demonstrate changes when they occur (P

Pâmela Schitz Von, Reisswitz; Luiz Edmundo, Mazzoleni; Guilherme Becker, Sander; Carlos Fernando de Magalhães, Francisconi.

2010-12-01

289

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) for Brazil: validation study / Adaptação transcultural e validação do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) para o Brasil: estudo de validação  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Artrite reumatoide é uma doença crônica, sistêmica, que provoca danos articulares. Diversos métodos têm sido usados para avaliar o estado geral de saúde desses pacientes, mas poucos avaliam especificamente as mãos. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir, realizar a adaptação cul [...] tural e testar a validade do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire para o Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo de validação feito em um hospital universitário em Curitiba, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Na primeira etapa, o questionário foi traduzido para o português do Brasil e traduzido de volta para o inglês. A versão em português foi testada em 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide e mostrou-se compreensível e adaptada culturalmente. Na segunda etapa, 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide foram avaliados três vezes. Na primeira vez, dois avaliadores aplicaram o questionário para verificação da reprodutibilidade interavaliadores. Após 15 dias, um dos avaliadores reavaliou os pacientes para verificação da reprodutibilidade intra-avaliadores. Para verificar a validade construtiva, na primeira avaliação, um dos avaliadores aplicou também outros instrumentos de avaliação similares. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas fortes correlações interavaliadores e intra-avaliadores em todos os domínios do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. O alfa de Cronbach foi maior que 0.90 para todos os domínios, indicando ótima validade interna. A maioria dos domínios do questionário apresentou correlação moderada ou forte com outros instrumentos, determinando boa validade construtiva. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire foi traduzida, adaptada culturalmente com sucesso e apresentou ótima consistência interna, reprodutibilidade e validade construtiva. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease that causes joint damage. A variety of methods have been used to evaluate the general health status of these patients but few have specifically evaluated the hands. The objective of this study was to translate, perform cultu [...] ral adaptation and assess the validity of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Validation study conducted at a university hospital in Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: Firstly, the questionnaire was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and back-translated into English. The Portuguese version was tested on 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and proved to be understandable and culturally adapted. After that, 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were evaluated three times. On the first occasion, two evaluators applied the questionnaire to check inter-rater reproducibility. After 15 days, one of the evaluators reassessed the patients to verify intra rater reproducibility. To check the construct validity at the first assessment, one of the evaluators also applied other similar instruments. RESULTS: There were strong inter and intra rater correlations in all the domains of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.90 for all the domains of the questionnaire, thus indicating excellent internal validity. Almost all domains of the questionnaire presented moderate or strong correlation with other instruments, thereby showing good construct validity. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted successfully, and it showed excellent internal consistency, reproducibility and construct validity.

Sandra Mara, Meireles; Jamil, Natour; Daniel Alberton, Batista; Mayara, Lopes; Thelma Larocca, Skare.

2014-12-01

290

Examining the validity of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) in a Portuguese sport setting / Análisis de la validad del Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) en un contexto deportivo portugués / Análise da validade do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) no contexto desportivo português  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A literatura em psicologia de desporto sugere que a compreensão dos níveis de engajamento é primordial para promover experiências desportivas positivas entre os atletas. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométricas do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire entre os desportistas portu [...] gueses. Duas amostras distintas de atletas portugueses com diferentes níveis de prática competitiva foram recolhidas e os resultados de uma análise fatorial confirmatória demostraram boa qualidade de ajustamento do modelo. A análise das qualidades psicométricas indicou que todos os fatores mostraram fiabilidade compósita, validade convergente e validade discriminante. Adicionalmente, uma análise multigrupos mostrou a invariância do modelo nas duas amostras independentes, indicando validade cruzada. As implicações destes resultados para treinadores e académicos foram discutidas, sendo também apontadas sugestões para futuros estudos. Abstract in spanish La literatura en psicología del deporte sugiere que la comprensión de los niveles de compromiso en la actividad deportiva es importante para la promoción de entornos deportivos positivos entre los atletas. El objetivo del estudio consiste en verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Athlete Engage [...] ment Questionnaire entre los atletas portugueses. Trabajamos dos muestras distintas de los atletas portugueses con niveles competitivos diferentes, los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio han demostrado un buen ajuste del modelo a los datos. El análisis de las propiedades psicométricas ha indicado que todos los factores tienen una buena consistencia interna, así como buena validez convergente y validez discriminante. Además, el análisis multi-grupos muestra que el modelo es estable en dos muestras independientes, proporcionando evidencia de la validez cruzada. Las implicaciones de estos resultados para los académicos y entrenadores fueron discutidas, siendo igualmente planteadas propuestas para estudios futuros. Abstract in english Sport psychology literature suggests that understanding engagement levels is pivotal to promote positive sporting experiences among athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire among Portuguese sport athletes. Two distinct sam [...] ples of Portuguese athletes from different competitive levels were collected, and the results of a confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit of the model to the data. A review of the psychometric properties indicated that all factors showed good composite reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. In addition, a multi-groups analysis showed the invariance of the model in two independent samples providing evidence of cross validity. Implications of these results for scholars and coaches are discussed and guidelines for future studies are suggested.

Paulo, Martins; António, Rosado; Vítor, Ferreira; Rui, Biscaia.

2014-03-01

291

Psychometric properties of a prostate cancer radiation late toxicity questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To construct a short prostate cancer radiation late toxicity (PCRT questionnaire with health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL domains. Methods The PCRT was developed by item generation, questionnaire construction (n = 7 experts, n = 8 focus group patients, pilot testing (n = 37, item reduction (n = 100, reliability testing (n = 237, and validity testing (n = 274. Results Reliability of the three item-reduced subscales demonstrated intraclass correlation coefficients (CC of 0.811 (GU, 0.842 (GI, and 0.740 (sexual. Discriminant validity demonstrated Pearson CC of 0.449 (GU-GI, 0.200 (sexual-GU, and 0.09 (sexual-GI. Content validity correlations between PCRT-PCQoL were 0.35–0.78, PCRT-FACT-G© were 0.19–0.39, and PCRT-SF-36® were 0.03–0.34. Conclusion We successfully generated a PCRT HRQoL questionnaire including subscales with very good psychometric properties.

Lock Michael

2007-05-01

292

Validity of the Danish Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire in stroke  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective – To determine the content and face validity of the Danish Prostate Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) questionnaire in stroke patients. Materials and methods – Content validity was judged among an expert panel in neuro-urology. The judgement was measured by the content validity index (CVI). Face validity was indicated in a clinical sample of 482 stroke patients in a hospital-based, cross-sectional survey. Results – I-CVI was rated >0.78 (range 0.94–1.00) for 75% of symptom and bother items corresponding to adequate content validity. The expert panel rated the entire DAN-PSS-1 questionnaire highly relevant (S-CVI = 1.00). No experts suggested items omitted or improved. The response rate was 84% and face validity had an acceptable level of completed response for each symptom items (96–98%) and bother items (93–96%) indicating that all items were well interpreted. Conclusion – The DAN-PSS-1 questionnaire appears to be content and face valid for measuring lower urinary tract symptoms after stroke.

Tibaek, S.; Dehlendorff, Christian

2009-01-01

293

The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ – Development and psychometric characteristics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Continual quality improvement in primary care is an international priority. In the United Kingdom, the major initiative for improving quality of care is the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QoF of the 2004 GP contract. Although the primary focus of the QoF is on clinical care, it is acknowledged that a comprehensive assessment of quality also requires valid and reliable measurement of the patient perspective, so financial incentives are included in the contract for general practices to survey patients' views. One questionnaire specified for use in the QoF is the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ. This paper describes the development of the GPAQ (with post-consultation and postal versions and presents a preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. Methods Description of scale development and preliminary analysis of psychometric characteristics (internal reliability, factor structure, based on a large dataset of routinely collected GPAQ surveys (n = 190,038 responses to the consultation version of GPAQ and 20,309 responses to the postal version from practices in the United Kingdom during the 2005–6 contract year. Results Respondents tend to report generally favourable ratings. Responses were particularly skewed on the GP communication scale, though no more so than for other questionnaires in current use in the UK for which data were available. Factor analysis identified 2 factors that clearly relate to core concepts in primary care quality ('access' and 'interpersonal care' that were common to both version of the GPAQ. The other factors related to 'enablement' in the post-consultation version and 'nursing care' in the postal version. Conclusion This preliminary evaluation indicates that the scales of the GPAQ are internally reliable and that the items demonstrate an interpretable factor structure. Issues concerning the distributions of GPAQ responses are discussed. Potential further developments of the item content for the GPAQ are also outlined.

Roland Martin

2008-02-01

294

Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

Ay?egül KART

2013-11-01

295

A validação brasileira do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges Brazilian validation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo validar a versão brasileira do Questionnaire of Smoking Urges(QSU. Teve delineamento experimental, sendo que seus participantes foram distribuídos, aleatoriamente, em grupos de zero, 30 e 60 minutos de abstinência do tabaco. A amostra teve 201 sujeitos dos sexos masculino (n = 67 e feminino (n = 134, que tinham entre 18 e 65 anos de idade (M = 38,15. Os instrumentos utilizados, além do QSU, foram ficha com dados sócio-demográficos, escala analógico-visual para avaliar o craving, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependencee os inventários Beck de ansiedade e de depressão. Observou-se que o total da variância da análise fatorial com dois fatores foi de 57,76 %, havendo alta correlação entre ambos (r = 0,726; p = 0,000. O Fator 1 representou antecipação do alívio do afeto negativo, dos sintomas da abstinência da nicotina e desejo urgente e arrebatador de fumar, e o Fator 2 refletiu o desejo de fumar e antecipação do prazer de fumar, resultados inversos aos da versão original. A versão brasileira do QSU demonstrou ser um instrumento adequado e confiável, podendo ser utilizado tanto na pesquisa quanto na clínica.This study was designed to validate the Brazilian version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges(QSU. The design was experimental, and participants were randomly distributed in groups of zero, 30, and 60 minutes of tobacco abstinence. The total sample was 201, with 67 males and 134 females, age ranging from 18 to 65 (M = 38.15. The instruments applied, besides QSU, were the Social and Demographic Data Form, Visual Analogue Scale to evaluate craving, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, and Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories. Total variation in the two-factor factorial analysis was 57.76%, with a high inter-correlation (r = 0.726; p = 0.000. Factor 1 represented the anticipated relief of negative affect, nicotine abstinence symptoms, and urgent and overwhelming desire to smoke. Factor 2 represented the desire to smoke and the anticipation of smoking pleasure. Such results are contrary to those found in the original QSU. The Brazilian version proved to be an adequate and reliable instrument that can be used in both research and patient treatment.

Renata Brasil Araujo

2006-10-01

296

Comparison of physical activity estimates using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and accelerometry in fibromyalgia patients: the Al-Andalus study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been widely used to assess physical activity in healthy populations. The present study compared physical activity assessed by the long, self-administrated version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire with physical activity assessed by accelerometry in patients with fibromyalgia. A total of 99 (five men) participants with fibromyalgia completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for nine consecutive days. We analysed the correlations of physical activity expressed as min · day(-1) of light, moderate, vigorous, and moderate to vigorous (MVPA) intensity, as well as time spent sitting, by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and accelerometry by Spearman correlations. Bland and Altman plots were performed to verify the agreements between both instruments. The results showed weak yet significant correlations (Rs = 0.15-0.39, all P physical activity intensities between the two instruments, except for sedentary time. The highest correlations were observed for physical activity at home or in garden (Rs = 0.297, P Physical Activity Questionnaire is a questionable instrument to assess physical activity in patients with fibromyalgia. Therefore, physical activity measurement in fibromyalgia patients should not be limited solely to self-reported measures. PMID:23869701

Benítez-Porres, Javier; Delgado, Manuel; Ruiz, Jonatan R

2013-01-01

297

Validity and reliability of the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) / Validez y fiabilidad del Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: El Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) evalúa actitudes y comportamientos de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) relacionados con el cumplimiento de la restricción de sodio. Recientemente, ha sido traducido y adaptado culturalmente para uso en Brasil. No obstante, una [...] validación adicional del instrumento se requiere para que pueda ser utilizado en el manejo de pacientes con IC en Brasil. Objetivo: Probar la fiabilidad y validez de la versión brasileña del DSRQ. Métodos: Validez aparente y de contenido fueron evaluados por un grupo de especialistas. Validez de cons-tructo se evaluó mediante análisis factorial exploratoria y confirmatoria. La fiabilidad y consistencia interna del cuestionario fue evaluada mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: Un total de 206 pacientes ambulatorios con IC fueron evaluados (edad media, 60,4 ± 11,9 años). Los resultados de la validez aparente y de contenido demostró la equivalencia entre la versión brasileña y de la versión original. En el análisis factorial exploratorio, el análisis de componentes principales (PCA) se obtuvieron cuatro factores con valores superiores a 1. Tres modelos fueron probados en el análisis factorial confirmatoria, y el modelo de tres factores resultantes del PCA mostró el mejor ajuste, representando 49% de la varianza. El alfa obtenido para las escalas de actitud/norma subjetiva, control de la conducta percibido y comportamiento dependiente fueron 0,71, 0,67 y 0,79, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren que la versión brasileña del DSRQ es un instrumento válido y fiable para medir las actitudes y comportamientos relacionados con una dieta baja en sodio en pacientes brasileños con IC. Abstract in english Introduction: The Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) was designed to assess attitudes and behaviors of patients with heart failure (HF) related to following a low-sodium diet. Recently, it has been translated and culturally adapted for use in Brazil. However, further validation of the i [...] nstrument is required before it can be used in the management of patients with HF in Brazil. Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the DSRQ. Methods: Face and content validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Construct validity was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's alpha to assess the internal consistency of the instrument. Results: A total of 206 systolic HF outpatients were assessed (mean age, 60.4 ± 11.9 years). Face and content validity analysis showed equivalence between the Brazilian version and the original instrument. In the exploratory factor analysis, the principal component analysis (PCA) yielded four factors with eigenvalues greater than 1. Three models were tested in the confirmatory factor analysis, and the three-factor model resulting from the PCA showed the best fit, accounting for 49% of the variance. Alpha values obtained for the attitude/ subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and dependent behavior subscales were 0.71, 0.67, and 0.79, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the final validated Brazilian version of the DSRQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes and behaviors related to following a low-sodium diet in Brazilian patients with HF.

Karina S. M., d' Almeida; Gabriela C., Souza; Eneida Rejane, Rabelo-Silva.

1702-17-01

298

Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Solvejg Kristensen,1–3 Svend Sabroe,4 Paul Bartels,1,5 Jan Mainz,3,5 Karl Bang Christensen6 1The Danish Clinical Registries, Aarhus, Denmark; 2Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 3Aalborg University Hospital, Psychiatry, Aalborg, Denmark; 4Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; 5Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 6Department of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Purpose: Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee's perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ. The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data.Materials and methods: The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK. The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach's alpha (?, and item and subscale scores.Results: Participation was 73.2% (N=925 of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90%CI 0.053 (0.050-0056, Probability RMSEA (p close=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89, and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples.Conclusion: SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. Keywords: patient safety culture, questionnaire, validity, reliability, Denmark

Kristensen S

2015-02-01

299

Administer and collect medical questionnaires with Google documents: a simple, safe, and free system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: Questionnaires are an invaluable resource for clinical trials. They serve to estimate disease burden and clinical parameters associated with a particular study. However, current researchers are tackling budget constraints, loss of funding opportunities, and rise of research associated fees. We aimed at exploring alternative avenues taking advantage of the free Google docs software for questionnaire administration. This presents an opportunity to reduce costs while simultaneously increasing efficiency and data fidelity. Material and Methods: Google documents were used as a platform to create online questionnaires that were automatically hosted via a unique URL. Password protected access to the URL link and a unique study ID gave patients around the clock access from anywhere in the world. Unique study ID ensured confidentially of all self-reported data. Patient responses were secured using a “Cloud” database where the data was automatically sorted, scaled and scored by custom Excel formulas. Researchers downloaded real-time questionnaire responses in multiple formats (e.g. excel which was then analyzed with a statistical software of choice. Results: This simple workflow provided instant questionnaire scores that eliminated the use for paper-based responses and subsequent manual entry of data. Ease of access to online questionnaires provided convenience to patients leading to better response rates and increase in data fidelity. The system also allowed for real time monitoring of patient’s progress on completing questionnaires. Online questionnaires had 100% completion rate compared to paper-based questionnaires. Conclusions: Google docs can serve as an efficient and free platform to administer questionnaires to a clinical population without sacrificing quality, security, and fidelity of data.

Rakib Uddin RAYHAN

2013-09-01

300

An Analysis of an Educational Questionnaire Prepared to Discover in What Areas Essex County College Students Needed Counseling Before Entering College.  

Science.gov (United States)

An educational questionnaire was designed and administered to students at Essex County College. The questionnaire was divided into three areas: educational, vocational, and psychosocial. A total of 134 students returned the questionnaire. Their answers showed the areas in which they needed pre-entrance counseling to be in the following order of…

Coleman, Thomas R.

 
 
 
 
301

Validation of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) in a sample of Spanish women.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) was developed to measure eating styles that may contribute to or attenuate the development of overweight. It comprises three scales that measure emotional, external and restrained eating. The main goal of this study is to evaluate the internal structure of the Spanish version of the DEBQ using updated psychometric techniques in a sample of women. A sample of 647 Spanish females answered the questionnaire. Both exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used to evaluate the factor structure of the DEBQ. Reliabilities were estimated with Cronbach's alpha. The relations between the subscales of the DEBQ and age, BMI, and scores on the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT) and the Restrained Scale-Revised (RS) were computed with Pearson correlations. Results showed that the internal structure was similar to the theoretical proposal, although items associated with boredom and idleness presented cross-loading problems. The reliability estimates were satisfactory. The Emotional and External Eating factors correlated with the BMI, and External Eating was negatively correlated with age. The Restraint factor of the DEBQ showed significant relationships with scales of the EAT-26 and RS. The dimensional validity of the DEBQ is reproduced in a Spanish sample, and the DEBQ seems to be an effective instrument for research in Spanish females. Minor modifications to the DEBQ are recommended. PMID:24177441

Cebolla, A; Barrada, J R; van Strien, T; Oliver, E; Baños, R

2014-02-01

302

The Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life Questionnaire (INQoL); Cultural translation and psychometric validation for the Dutch population.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction This paper describes the translation and psychometric evaluation of the Dutch Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life (INQoL) questionnaire. Methods Backward and forward translation of the questionnaire was executed, and psychometric properties were assessed on the basis of reliability and validity. Results 206 patients were included in the study. Reliability analyses resulted in Cronbach alpha values above 0.70 for all sub-domains. Known group validity showed a significant correlation between INQoL scores and severity as well as age for the majority of sub-domains. Item-total correlation for overall QoL was satisfactory. Concurrent validity with SF-36 and EQ-5D was good (range, Spearman correlation coefficients: -0.43 to -0.76). Conclusion This study resulted in a questionnaire which is appropiate for use in the Dutch-speaking population to measure quality of life of patients with a wide variety of muscle disorders. This confirms and extends data obtained in the United Kingdom, US, Italy, and Serbia. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25042897

Seesing, Femke M; van Vught, Lisanne Ewm; Rose, Michael R; Drost, Gea; van Engelen, Baziel Gm; van der Wilt, Gert-Jan

2014-07-10

303

Comparing the Use of the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory for Screening Depression in Patients with Chronic Pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown that the validity of self-reported depression questionnairesmay be influenced by somatic symptoms such as chronic pain. Thepurpose of this study was to compare the validity of two self-reported questionnaires,the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ and the BeckDepression Inventory (BDI, for screening depression in patients with chronicpain.Methods: One hundred patients with chronic pain were enrolled and assessed using theTDQ, BDI, McGill Pain Questionnaire, and Structured Clinical Interview forDSM-III-R. Seventy-three of them were diagnosed with depressive disorders.Conventional validity indices of the TDQ and BDI were examined andcompared.Results: Both the TDQ and BDI had satisfactory sensitivity, specificity, positive predictivevalue, and negative predictive value. Our results showed a trend thatthe validity of the TDQ was better than that of the BDI, and the validity ofthe cognitive/affective components of the TDQ was significantly better thanthat of the BDI.Conclusion: Our results suggest that the TDQ is superior to the BDI in detecting depressionin patients with chronic pain in Taiwan.

Lin-Cheng Yang

2008-08-01

304

In favour of the definition "adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis": juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis braced after ten years of age, do not show different end results. SOSORT award winner 2014  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The most important factor discriminating juvenile (JIS) from adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the risk of deformity progression. Brace treatment can change natural history, even when risk of progression is high. The aim of this study was to compare the end of growth results of JIS subjects, treated after 10 years of age, with final results of AIS. Methods Design: prospective observational controlled cohort study nested in a prospective database. Setting: outpatient tertiary referral clinic specialized in conservative treatment of spinal deformities. Inclusion criteria: idiopathic scoliosis; European Risser 0–2; 25 degrees to 45 degrees Cobb; start treatment age: 10 years or more, never treated before. Exclusion criteria: secondary scoliosis, neurological etiology, prior treatment for scoliosis (brace or surgery). Groups: 27 patients met the inclusion criteria for the AJIS, (Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis treated in adolescence), demonstrated by an x-ray before 10 year of age, and treatment start after 10 years of age. AIS group included 45 adolescents with a diagnostic x-ray made after the threshold of age 10 years. Results at the end of growth were analysed; the threshold of 5 Cobb degree to define worsened, improved and stabilized curves was considered. Statistics: Mean and SD were used for descriptive statistics of clinical and radiographic changes. Relative Risk of failure (RR), Chi-square and T-test of all data was calculated to find differences among the two groups. 95% Confidence Interval (CI) , and of radiographic changes have been calculated. Results We did not find any Cobb angle significant differences among groups at baseline and at the end of treatment. The only difference was in the number of patients progressed above 45 degrees, found in the JIS group. The RR of progression of AJIS was, 1.35 (IC95% 0.57-3.17) versus AIS, and it wasn't statistically significant in the AJIS group, in respect to AIS group (p = 0.5338). Conclusion There are no significant differences in the final results of AIS and JIS, treated with total respect of the SRS and SOSORT criteria, in adolescence. Brace efficacy can neutralize the risk of progression. PMID:25031608

2014-01-01

305

Resultados histológicos e detecção do HPV em mulheres com células escamosas atípicas de significado indeterminado e lesão escamosa intra-epitelial de baixo grau na colpocitologia oncológica / Histological results and HPV detection in women with pap smear showing atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: avaliar o desempenho da colpocitologia oncológica (CO) e da Captura de Híbridos II (CHII) para o diagnóstico de lesão cervical histológica significativa (NIC2/3) em mulheres encaminhadas com CO contendo atipias celulares de significado indeterminado (ASCUS) ou lesão escamosa intra-epiteli [...] al de baixo grau (LSIL). MÉTODOS: estudo de corte transversal no qual foram incluídas 161 mulheres encaminhadas, entre agosto de 2000 e setembro de 2002, devido a CO com resultado de ASCUS ou LSIL. As mulheres responderam a questionário específico sobre características sociodemográficas e reprodutivas e foram submetidas a exame ginecológico com coleta de CO e CHII, sendo realizada colposcopia com eventual biópsia de áreas suspeitas. Foi aplicado o teste do qui-quadrado para as associações da idade, uso de condom, uso de anticoncepcional oral e tabagismo com os resultados da CHII. Foram calculados a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo da CO e da CHII para detectar NIC2/3. Todos os cálculos foram realizados com intervalos de confiança estatística de 95%. RESULTADOS: sessenta e sete porcento das mulheres com menos de 30 anos de idade tiveram testes positivos para o HPV. A CO e CHII tiveram sensibilidade de 82% em detectar NIC2/3 quando considerados como positivos ASCUS, LSIL ou HSIL. Quando se consideram como positivas apenas as CO com HSIL, este exame apresenta acentuado ganho de especificidade (de 29 para 95%) e valor preditivo positivo (de 12 para 50%), superando a CHII, porém com redução igualmente significativa de sua sensibilidade (de 82 para 41%). CONCLUSÕES: nossos resultados indicaram grande potencial da CHII para detectar mulheres com NIC2/3 entre as pacientes com ASCUS/LSIL na CO de encaminhamento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to assess the ability of Pap smear and hybrid capture II (HCII) to detect clinically significant cervical lesions (CIN2/3) in women referred to hospital due to atypical squamous cells of unknown significance (ASCUS) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). METHODS: a cross-se [...] ctional study comprising 161 women referred to the Taubaté University Hospital due to ASCUS/LSIL, between August 2000 and September 2002. All women responded to a questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics and were subjected to gynecological examination with specimen collection for Pap test and HCII, along with colposcopy and eventual cervical biopsy. The relationship between HCII results and age, use of condom, oral hormonal contraception, and smoking were evaluated by the chi-square test. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of both Pap test and HCII were calculated. All calculations were performed within 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: sixty-seven percent of the women that tested positive for HPV were less than 30 years old. Pap smear and HCII showed the same 82% sensitivity in detecting CIN2/3 when the threshold for a positive Pap result was ASCUS, LSIL or HSIL. Pap smear specificity and positive predictive values were substantially increased when only HSIL results were considered as positive (from 29 to 95% and 12 to 50%, respectively). These figures were superior to those of HCII, but at the expense of an expressive loss of sensitivity (from 82% to 41%). CONCLUSIONS: our results substantiate the potential of HCII in detecting CIN2/3 among women referred due to ASCUS/LSIL.

André Luis Ferreira, Santos; Sophie Françoise Mauricette, Derchain; Luis Otávio, Sarian; Elizabete Aparecida, Campos; Marcos Roberto dos, Santos; Gislaine Aparecida, Fonsechi-Carvasan.

2004-07-01

306

Taxi transports there and back : Jyväskylä Council for the disabled transport services questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research was to find out customers' experiences of the transport services in the Jyväskylä area. The research was made with questionnaire made by the Jyväskylä Council for the disabled. The questionnaire was send to all underthe age of 60 or 60-years-old who was given the service. 325 questionnaires where send and 224 returned. The results were calculated with the SPSS-program and analysed. The subject was current because of the public discussion. In addition the trans...

Hiekkama?ki, Minna

2006-01-01

307

Development and validation of a personality assessment instrument for traditional korean medicine: sasang personality questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. Sasang typology is a traditional Korean medicine based on the biopsychosocial perspectives of Neo-Confucianism and utilizes medical herbs and acupuncture for type-specific treatment. This study was designed to develop and validate the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) for future use in the assessment of personality based on Sasang typology. Design and Methods. We selected questionnaire items using internal consistency analysis and examined construct validity with explorative factor analysis using 245 healthy participants. Test-retest reliability as well as convergent validity were examined. Results. The 14-item SPQ showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = .817) and test-retest reliability (r = .837). Three extracted subscales, SPQ-behavior, SPQ-emotionality, and SPQ-cognition, were found, explaining 55.77% of the total variance. The SPQ significantly correlated with Temperament and Character Inventory novelty seeking (r = .462), harm avoidance (r = -.390), and NEO Personality Inventory extraversion (r = .629). The SPQ score of the So-Eum (24.43 ± 4.93), Tae-Eum (27.33 ± 5.88), and So-Yang (30.90 ± 5.23) types were significantly different from each other (P < .01). Conclusion. Current results demonstrated the reliability and validity of the SPQ and its subscales that can be utilized as an objective instrument for conducting personalized medicine research incorporating the biopsychosocial perspective. PMID:22567034

Chae, Han; Lee, Siwoo; Park, Soo Hyun; Jang, Eunsu; Lee, Soo Jin

2012-01-01

308

Human suffering effects of nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Established on the basis of questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of the present paper is to explore the effects of radiation exposure on the inhabitants near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS), Kazakhstan. Our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started in 2002 to conduct a field research study using questionnaire surveys. The present paper attempts to clarify health effects and mental problems on the inhabitants by using our questionnaire surveys. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses upon responses to the questions concerning their health and mental problems. The data in Semipalatinsk have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey conducted by Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities. The results show: 33% of the residents replied that they felt bad or had very bad health conditions. 70% of the residents strongly recognized a causal relationship between their bad health conditions and the nuclear tests. The diseases that over 30% of respondents possessed are arthralgia/lower back pain/arthritis, high-blood pressure, heart disease and digestive system disease. Acute radiation injuries from 1949 to 1962 that over 20% of respondents experienced were headaches and general malaise. Concerning their mental condition, 22% of respondents felt easily frustrated and agitated and 21% experienced nightmare. (author)

309

Self evaluation of communication experiences after laryngeal cancer – A longitudinal questionnaire study in patients with laryngeal cancer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the sensitivity to change of the Swedish Self Evaluation of Communication Experiences after Laryngeal Cancer questionnaire (the S-SECEL, addressing communication dysfunction in patients treated for laryngeal cancer. Previous studies have highlighted the need for more specific questionnaires for this purpose. Methods 100 patients with Tis-T4 laryngeal cancer were included prior to treatment onset. Patients answered four questionnaires at six occasions during one year; the S-SECEL, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC Core Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30 supplemented by the Head and Neck cancer module (QLQ-H&N35 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD scale. In addition, performance status was assessed. Differences within groups were tested with the Wilcoxon paired signed ranks test and between-group analyses were carried out using the Mann-Whitney U test. Magnitude of group differences was analyzed by means of effect sizes. Results The S-SECEL was well accepted with a response rate of 76%. Communication dysfunction increased at 1 month, followed by a continuous decrease throughout the year. Changes were statistically significant at most measurement, demonstrating the sensitivity of the S-SECEL to changes in communication over time. The S-SECEL and the EORTC QLQ-C30 with the QLQ-H&N35 demonstrated similar results; however the S-SECEL was more sensitive regarding communication dysfunction. The largest changes were found in the most diagnose specific items concerning voice and speech. Conclusion The S-SECEL was investigated in the largest Scandinavian longitudinal study concerning health-related quality of life (HRQL in laryngeal cancer patients. The questionnaire was responsive to change and showed convergent results when compared to established HRQL questionnaires. Our findings also indicate that the S-SECEL could be a more suitable instrument than the EORTC QLQ-C30 with QLQ-H&N35 when measuring communication experiences in patients with laryngeal cancer; it is more sensitive, shorter and can be used on an individual basis. As a routine screening instrument the S-SECEL could be a valuable tool for identifying patients at risk for psychosocial problems and to help plan rehabilitation. It is therefore recommended for clinical use in evaluation of communication dysfunction for all patients with laryngeal cancer irrespective of treatment.

Finizia Caterina

2008-03-01

310

The generalizability of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aggressive and hostile behaviours and anger constitute an important problem across cultures. The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), a self-rating scale was published in 1992, and has quickly become the gold-standard for the measurement of aggression. The AQ scale has been validated extensively, but the validation focused on various narrowly selected populations, typically, on samples of college students. Individuals, however, who are at risk of displaying aggressive and hostile behaviours may come from a more general population. Therefore, it is important to investigate the scale's properties in such a population. The objective of this study was to examine the factorial structure and the psychometric properties of the AQ scale in a nationally representative sample of the Hungarian adult population.A representative sample of 1200 subjects was selected by a two-step procedure. The dimensionality and factorial composition of the AQ scale was investigated by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Since spurious associations and increased factorial complexity can occur when the analysis fails to consider the inherently categorical nature of the item level data, this study, in contrast to most previous studies, estimated the correlation matrices subjected to factor analysis using the polychoric correlations. The resulting factors were validated via sociodemographic characteristics and psychopathological scales obtained from the respondents. The results showed that based on the distribution of factor loadings and factor correlations, in the entire nationally representative sample of 1200 adult subjects, from the original factor structure three of the four factors (Physical and Verbal Aggression and Hostility) showed a good replication whereas the fourth factor (Anger) replicated moderately well. Replication further improved when the sample was restricted in age, i.e. the analysis focused on a sample representing the younger age group, comparable to that used in the original Buss-Perry study. Similar to the Buss-Perry study, and other investigations of the AQ scale, younger age and male gender were robustly related to physical aggression. In addition, level of verbal aggression was different between the two genders (with higher severity in males) whereas hostility and anger were essentially the same in both genders.In conclusion, the current study based on a representative sample of adult population lends support to the use of the AQ scale in the general population. The authors suggest to exclude from the AQ the two inverse items because of the low reliability of these items with regard to their hypothesized constructs. PMID:17849418

Gerevich, József; Bácskai, Erika; Czobor, Pál

2007-01-01

311

[Validation study of the Depressive Experience Questionnaire].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sidney Blatt, considering as being insufficient the categorical-symptomatic approach of depression, has worked out a theory of depression and psychopathology that integrates the contributions of psychoanalysis as well as cognitive and developmental psychology. Within a broad psychoanalytic framework, Blatt's formulation focus on the quality of interpersonal relationship, the nature of object representation and early life experiences. Personality development is viewed as the consequence of the interaction of 2 basic developmental tasks: the establishment of the capacity to form stable, enduring, mutually satisfying interpersonal relationships and the achievement of a differentiated, realistic, essentially positive identity. The relationship between these 2 developmental lines involves a complex dialectical process during which progress in each line is essential for progress in the other and which contributes to the development of both a sense of identity and the capacity for interpersonal relatedness. These developmental lines permit not only to define an during individual's primary personality configuration but also enable to identify cognitive structures that are inherent in various forms of psychopathology, including depression. Disruptions at different developmental stages create vulnerability to different subsequent psychological disturbances. Blatt characterised as anaclitic or dependent the axis concerned with interpersonal relationship and as introjective or self-critical the axis concerned with development of the sense of self and identity. Depressive Experience Questionnaire was developed by Blatt et al. to determine the validity of this model of psychopathology which emphazises continuities between normal and pathological forms of depression. The instrument was developed by Blatt et al. by assembling a pool of items describing experiences frequently reported by depressed individual. Sixty-six items were selected and administered to a large nonclinical sample (500 female and 160 male undergraduates). Principal component analysis within sex performed on the answers to DEQ confirmed his assumption in identifying two principal depressive dimensions. The first factor involved items that are primarily externally directed and refer to a disturbance of interpersonal relationships (anaclitism); the second factor consists of items that are more internally directed and reflect concerns about self-identity (self-criticism). A third factor emerged, assessing the good functioning of subject and confidence in his resources and capacities (efficacy). Scales derived from these factors have high internal consistency and substantial test-retest reliability. The solutions for men and women were highly congruent. Factor structure has been replicated in several nonclinical and clinical samples, supporting considerable evidence to the construct validity of the DEQ Dependency and Self-criticism scales. An adolescent form of DEQ (DEQ-A) has successively been developed. Factor analysis revealed three factors that were highly congruent in female and male students and with the three factors of the original DEQ. The reliability, internal consistency and validity of DEQ-A indicate that the DEQ-A closely parallels the DEQ, especially in the articulation of Dependency and Self-criticism as two factors in depression. These formulations and clinical observations about the importance of differentiating a depression focused on issues of self-criticism from issues of dependency are consistent with the formulations of others theorists which, from very different theoretical perspectives, posit 2 types of depression, one in which either perceived loss or rejection in social relationships is central and the other in which perceived failure in achievement, guilt or lack of control serves as the precipitant of depression. These 2 types of experiences have been characterized as dominant other and dominant goal , as anxiously attached and compulsively self-reliant and as sociotropic and autonomous . Our work presents the results of a validation study of b

Atger, F; Frasson, G; Loas, G; Guibourgé, S; Corcos, M; Perez Diaz, F; Speranza, M; Venisse, J-L; Lang, F; Stephan, Ph; Bizouard, P; Flament, M; Jeammet, Ph

2003-01-01

312

Chronic persistent cough in the community: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic cough is a common symptom which causes significant levels of morbidity. It is becoming increasingly well characterised by research taking place in specialist cough clinics, where successful treatment rates are high. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the symptom complex of chronic cough in the community. This report details the results of a postal questionnaire survey sent to individuals requesting further information on chronic cough. Methods 856 chronic cough questionnaires were sent out to members of the public who requested an information sheet following a national UK radio broadcast. Information regarding demography, history of cough, previous treatment and physical, psychological and social effects of the cough was elicited. Results 373 completed questionnaires were returned. Mean age was 65.3 years (SD 12.0, range 9–88 years. 73% were female and 2% current smokers. Median duration of cough was 6.5 years. 66% had no other coexisting respiratory diagnosis, whilst 24% reported asthma. Of those who responded, 91% had consulted a general practitioner regarding the cough and of them, 85% had been prescribed some sort of treatment. 61% had seen at least one hospital specialist. Commonly reported associated physical symptoms included breathlessness (55%, wheeze (37%, fatigue (72% and disturbed sleep (70%. Incontinence occurred in 55% of women. Similarly, the majority reported psychological effects such as anger or frustration (83%, anxiety (69% and depression (55%. 64% felt that the cough interfered with their social life. Conclusion Chronic cough causes a high level of morbidity in the community, which results in a correspondingly high rate of healthcare utilisation. Demography and symptomatology seems to be similar to that reported from specialist centres, but successful treatment of the cough was uncommon, despite a high number of medical consultations in both primary and secondary care. If understanding of this debilitating but eminently treatable condition is enhanced, management of chronic cough will improve and many patients will be helped.

Thompson Rachel H

2007-03-01

313

Tradução, adaptação e validação do Relationship Questionnaire em jovens portugueses / Translation, adaptation and validation of the Relationship Questionnaire among portuguese young people / Traducción, adaptación y validación del Relationship Questionnaire en jóvenes portugueses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Enquadramento: No âmbito das relações interpessoais, os relacionamentos amorosos assumem um significado especial no final da adolescência. Objetivos: Este estudo metodológico teve como principal objetivo traduzir e adaptar para a cultura portuguesa o Questionário do Relacionamento Amoroso. Metodolog [...] ia: Participaram 127 estudantes do ensino superior, selecionados por amostragem não probabilística intencional, tendo sido aplicado um questionário (questões relativas a características sociodemográficas e de relacionamento amoroso e o questionário de relacionamento amoroso). Resultados: Os resultados apontam para uma escala de 16 itens, distribuídos por 4 fatores (Relação possessiva, Relação controlo, Relação depreciativa e Relação destrutiva), que explicam 63,850% da variância. A matriz de correlação (?2 =840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantem a adequação do modelo fatorial. Apresenta uma boa consistência interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Os dados confirmam o instrumento como rigoroso, fiável e válido. Os jovens apresentam uma qualidade de relacionamento saudável, sendo este relacionamento melhor nas raparigas que nos rapazes. Conclusão: Os resultados indiciaram estarmos perante um questionário fiável e válido para avaliar o relacionamento amoroso. Abstract in spanish Marco: En el ámbito de las relaciones interpersonales, las relaciones amorosas adquieren un significado especial al final de la adolescencia. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio metodológico ha sido traducir y adaptar a la cultura portuguesa el Cuestionario de Relaciones Amorosas. Metod [...] ología: Se contó con la participación de 127 estudiantes de enseñanza superior seleccionados por un muestreo no probabilístico intencional, y con un cuestionario (cuestiones relativas a las características sociodemográficas y de las relaciones amorosas, así como el cuestionario de relaciones amorosas). Resultados: Los resultados se reflejan en una escala de 16 ítems, distribuidos en 4 factores (relación posesiva, relación de control, relación de desprecio y relación destructiva), que explican el 63,850 % de varianza. La matriz de correlación ?2 = 840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantizan la adecuación del modelo factorial. Asimismo, presenta una buena consistencia interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Los datos confirman que el instrumento es riguroso, fiable y válido. Las relaciones entre los jóvenes son por tanto sanas, aunque la calidad de estas es mejor en las chicas que en los chicos. Conclusión: Los resultados indican que nos encontramos ante un cuestionario fiable y válido de evaluación de las relaciones amorosas. Abstract in english Background: Within interpersonal relationships, romantic relationships take on a special meaning at the end of adolescence. Objectives: The main purpose of this methodological study was to translate and adapt the Relationship Questionnaire into the Portuguese culture. Methodology: A questionnaire (q [...] uestions related to socio-demographic characteristics and romantic relationships, as well as the relationship questionnaire) was applied to a sample composed of 127 higher education students, obtained using a non-probability purposive sampling. Results: Results showed a 16-item scale, distributed into four factors (Possessive relationship, Controlling relationship, Demeaning relationship, and Destructive relationship), which explained 63.850% of the variance. The correlation matrix (?²=840.544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure (KMO=0.815) ensured the adequacy of the factor model. The scale showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.847). Data confirmed that the instrument is accurate, reliable and valid. Young people have healthy relationships, though female students have better relationships than male students. Conclusion: Results indicated that this is a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess romantic relationships.

Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues, Dixe; Helena da Conceição Borges Pereira, Catarino; Susana Margarida Rodrigues, Custódio; Cristina Maria Figueira, Veríssimo; Joana Alice da Silva Amaro Oliveira, Fabião; Maria da Conceição Gonçalves Marques Alegre de, Sá.

2014-06-30

314

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

315

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro; Hasegawa, Hironori [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Hospital; Okumura, Masahiko; Sonoda, Tatsuo; Osada, Koji

1997-10-01

316

Spanish version of the screening Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire: a cross-cultural adaptation and validation.  

Science.gov (United States)

BackgroundSpanish is one of the five most spoken languages in the world. There is currently no published Spanish version of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (OMPQ). The aim of the present study is to describe the process of translating the OMPQ into Spanish and to perform an analysis of reliability, internal structure, internal consistency and concurrent criterion-related validity.MethodsDesign: Translation and psychometric testing. Procedure: Two independent translators translated the OMPQ into Spanish. From both translations a consensus version was achieved. A backward translation was made to verify and resolve any semantic or conceptual problems. A total of 104 patients (67 men/37 women) with a mean age of 53.48 (±11.63), suffering from chronic musculoskeletal disorders, twice completed a Spanish version of the OMPQ. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the reliability, the internal structure, internal consistency and concurrent criterion-related validity with reference to the gold standard questionnaire SF-12v2.ResultsAll variables except ¿Coping¿ showed a rate above 0.85 on reliability. The internal structure calculation through exploratory factor analysis indicated that 75.2% of the variance can be explained with six components with an eigenvalue higher than 1 and 52.1% with only three components higher than 10% of variance explained. In the concurrent criterion-related validity, several significant correlations were seen close to 0.6, exceeding that value in the correlation between general health and total value of the OMPQ.ConclusionsThe Spanish version of the screening questionnaire OMPQ can be used to identify Spanish patients with musculoskeletal pain at risk of developing a chronic disability. PMID:25358630

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio; González-Sánchez, Manuel

2014-10-29

317

Assessment of lifetime cumulative sun exposure using a self-administered questionnaire: reliability of two approaches.  

Science.gov (United States)

Few studies have evaluated the reliability of lifetime sun exposure estimated from inquiring about the number of hours people spent outdoors in a given period on a typical weekday or weekend day (the time-based approach). Some investigations have suggested that women have a particularly difficult task in estimating time outdoors in adulthood due to their family and occupational roles. We hypothesized that people might gain additional memory cues and estimate lifetime hours spent outdoors more reliably if asked about time spent outdoors according to specific activities (an activity-based approach). Using self-administered, mailed questionnaires, test-retest responses to time-based and to activity-based approaches were evaluated in 124 volunteer radiologic technologist participants from the United States: 64 females and 60 males 48 to 80 years of age. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to evaluate the test-retest reliability of average number of hours spent outdoors in the summer estimated for each approach. We tested the differences between the two ICCs, corresponding to each approach, using a t test with the variance of the difference estimated by the jackknife method. During childhood and adolescence, the two approaches gave similar ICCs for average numbers of hours spent outdoors in the summer. By contrast, compared with the time-based approach, the activity-based approach showed significantly higher ICCs during adult ages (0.69 versus 0.43, P = 0.003) and over the lifetime (0.69 versus 0.52, P = 0.05); the higher ICCs for the activity-based questionnaire were primarily derived from the results for females. Research is needed to further improve the activity-based questionnaire approach for long-term sun exposure assessment. PMID:19190171

Yu, Chu-Ling; Li, Yan; Freedman, D Michal; Fears, Thomas R; Kwok, Richard; Chodick, Gabriel; Alexander, Bruce; Kimlin, Michael G; Kricker, Anne; Armstrong, Bruce K; Linet, Martha S

2009-02-01

318

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation.

Gates Simon

2006-02-01

319

The Study Process Questionnaire: A Construct Validation Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated the factor structure of the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ), a 42-item questionnaire designed to measure approaches to learning, using a theoretical approach and found strong support for the three approaches to learning structure of the instrument. (EV)

Burnett, Paul C.; Dart, Barry C.

2000-01-01

320

Parenting Practices Among First Generation Spanish-Speaking Latino Families: A Spanish Version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study examined the applicability of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire to a Spanishspeaking Latino population. Results of the reliability and concurrent validity testing suggest that the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire may be a valuable tool for use with Spanish-speaking Latino families. The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire in Spanish assessed parenting practices among 50 first-generation Spanish-speaking Latino families of primarily Mexican origin with a child between 4 and 9 yea...

Donovick, Melissa R.; Rodri?guez, Melanie M. Domenech

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Fludarabine-Based Conditioning for Marrow Transplantation from Unrelated Donors in Severe Aplastic Anemia: Early Results of a Cyclophosphamide Dose Deescalation Study Show Life-Threatening Adverse Events at Predefined Cyclophosphamide Dose Levels  

Science.gov (United States)

Excessive adverse events were encountered in a Phase I/II study of cyclophosphamide (CY) dose deescalation in a fludarabine-based conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia. All patients received fixed doses of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, and low-dose total body irradiation. The starting CY dose was 150 mg/kg, with deescalation to 100 mg/ kg, 50 mg/kg, or 0 mg/kg. CY dose level 0 mg/kg was closed due to graft failure in 3 of 3 patients. CY dose level 150 mg/kg was closed due to excessive organ toxicity (n = 6) or viral pneumonia (n = 1), resulting in the death of 7 of 14 patients. CY dose levels 50 and 100 mg/kg remain open. Thus, CYat doses of 150 mg/kg in combination with total body irradiation (2 Gy), fludarabine (120 mg/m2), and antithymocyte globulin was associated with excessive organ toxicity. PMID:22546497

Tolar, Jakub; Deeg, H. Joachim; Arai, Sally; Horwitz, Mitchell; Antin, Joseph H.; McCarty, John M.; Adams, Roberta H.; Ewell, Marian; Leifer, Eric S.; Gersten, Iris D.; Carter, Shelly L.; Horowitz, Mary M.; Nakamura, Ryotaro; Pulsipher, Michael A.; DiFronzo, Nancy L.; Confer, Dennis L.; Eapen, Mary; Anderlini, Paolo

2013-01-01

322

Fludarabine-based conditioning for marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in severe aplastic anemia: early results of a cyclophosphamide dose deescalation study show life-threatening adverse events at predefined cyclophosphamide dose levels.  

Science.gov (United States)

Excessive adverse events were encountered in a Phase I/II study of cyclophosphamide (CY) dose deescalation in a fludarabine-based conditioning regimen for bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors in patients with severe aplastic anemia. All patients received fixed doses of antithymocyte globulin, fludarabine, and low-dose total body irradiation. The starting CY dose was 150 mg/kg, with deescalation to 100 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, or 0 mg/kg. CY dose level 0 mg/kg was closed due to graft failure in 3 of 3 patients. CY dose level 150 mg/kg was closed due to excessive organ toxicity (n = 6) or viral pneumonia (n = 1), resulting in the death of 7 of 14 patients. CY dose levels 50 and 100 mg/kg remain open. Thus, CY at doses of 150 mg/kg in combination with total body irradiation (2 Gy), fludarabine (120 mg/m(2)), and antithymocyte globulin was associated with excessive organ toxicity. PMID:22546497

Tolar, Jakub; Deeg, H Joachim; Arai, Sally; Horwitz, Mitchell; Antin, Joseph H; McCarty, John M; Adams, Roberta H; Ewell, Marian; Leifer, Eric S; Gersten, Iris D; Carter, Shelly L; Horowitz, Mary M; Nakamura, Ryotaro; Pulsipher, Michael A; Difronzo, Nancy L; Confer, Dennis L; Eapen, Mary; Anderlini, Paolo

2012-07-01

323

Análisis comparativo de dos modelos del Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form / Comparative Analysis of two models of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este trabajo era contrastar mediante Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio dos modelos de la escala Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form (GQ-6). Los modelos que se contrastaron fueron el de 6 ítems propuesto originalmente por sus constructores y otro de 5 ítems validado por otros autor [...] es. Ambos modelos mostraron índices de ajuste que sugerían su adecuación a los datos, por lo que la decisión sobre la elección del mejor modelo fue teórica. El modelo elegido fue el de 5 ítems, que resultó más parsimonioso, ya que con menos reactivos se obtuvo una escala válida y fable. Del mismo se analizaron las características descriptivas, la consistencia interna y la validez convergente y discriminante. Participaron 330 universitarios españoles (242 mujeres, 88 hombres), con edades entre 18 y 43 años, Medad = 23.33; DE= 4.87. Los resultados mostraron una adecuada consistencia interna, validez convergente y validez discriminante de la escala de 5 ítems. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to compare two models of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Form Six Items (GQ-6) by means of Confirmatory Factor Analysis: the 6 items originally proposed by its builders, and a 5-item validated by other authors. Both models showed fit indices, thereby suggesting adequacy there [...] of to the data; therefore the decision on choosing the best model was one of a theoretical nature. The 5-item approach was the most parsimonious, so it was chosen as the most appropriate approach as a valid and reliable scale was obtained with less reactives. We analyzed descriptive characteristics, internal consistency and convergent and discriminant validity of this model. The sample included 330 Spanish undergraduates (242 women, 88 men), aged 18-43, Mage = 23.33, SD = 4.87. Results showed an appropriate reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity of the 5 items scale.

Gloria, Bernabé Valero; Joaquín, García-Alandete; José Francisco, Gallego-Pérez.

2013-05-01

324

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. Methods The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 a...

Rigo Manuel; Testor Carles; Agata Elisabetta, D.

2010-01-01

325

Performance of a short dietary questionnaire to assess nutrient intake using regression-based weights.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of a short dietary questionnaire, using weights to estimate nutrient intake. DESIGN: Using dietary data collected in 1993-1995 from a large cohort of French women, stepwise regression analysis was used to identify the food groups that best predicted nutrient intakes, resulting in a short list of twenty-three foods. This list was used to design a twenty-three-item dietary questionnaire. Nutrient intake was estimated from the answers to the twenty-three q...

Vercambre, Marie-noe?l; Boutron-ruault, Marie-christine; Niravong, Maryvonne; Berr, Claudine; Clavel-chapelon, Franc?oise; Ragusa, Ste?phane

2008-01-01

326

A national survey of health-related quality of life questionnaires in head and neck oncology.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIMS: To identify the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires employed by the physicians and surgeons who manage patients with head and neck cancer. Also, to gain an impression of the perceived difficulties and advantages of their use. METHODS: A national survey was performed of active UK consultant clinicians on the mailing list of the British Association of Head and Neck Oncologists. RESULTS: Of 267 questionnaires, there were 191 replies (71.5%) from clinical oncologists (40),...

Kanatas, A. N.; Rogers, S. N.

2004-01-01

327

The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objectives of this study were to assess the construct equivalence of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), and to investigate the manifestation of job satisfaction at selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a random sample (N = 474) was used. The MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results confirmed a two-factor model of job satisfaction, consisting of extrinsic job satisfaction and intrinsic job satisfaction. Expl...

Sebastiaan Rothmann; Buitendach, Johanna H.

2009-01-01

328

The use of a screening questionnaire to identify children with likely asthma.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The theory that airway remodeling and possible fixed asthma may result from failure to treat asthma airway inflammation highlights the importance of the early identification of patients with likely asthma. AIM: To identify children with likely asthma whose condition is unknown to the medical services. STUDY: Postal questionnaire survey. SETTING: Children in two general practice populations in 1999. METHOD: Parents completed the postal questionnaire surveys. Two validated scoring s...

Frank, P. I.; Frank, T. L.; Cropper, J.; Hirsch, S.; Niven, R. M.; Hannaford, P.; Mcnamee, R.

2001-01-01

329

The Construct Validation of a Questionnaire of Social and Cultural Capital  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study was conducted to construct and validate a questionnaire of social and cultural capital in the foreign language context of Iran. To this end, a questionnaire was designed by picking up the most frequently-used indicators of social and cultural capital. The Factorability of the intercorrelation matrix was measured by two tests: Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test of Sampling Adequacy (KMO) and Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity. The results obtained from the two tests revealed that the fa...

Reza Pishghadam; Mohsen Noghani; Reza Zabihi

2011-01-01

330

Distributing questionnaires about smoking to patients: impact on general practitioners' recording of smoking advice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the impact of questionnaire-based data collection methods on the consulting behaviour of general practitioners (family physicians who participate in research. Here data collected during a research project which involved questionnaires on smoking being distributed to patients before and after appointments with general practitioners (GPs is analyzed to investigate the impact of this data collection method on doctors' documenting of smoking advice in medical records. Methods Researchers distributed questionnaires on smoking behaviour to 6775 patients who attended consultations during surgery sessions with 32 GPs based in Leicestershire, UK. We obtained the medical records for patients who had attended these surgery sessions and also for a comparator group, during which no researcher had been present. We compared the documenting of advice against smoking in patient's medical records for consultations within GPs' surgery sessions where questionnaires had been distributed with those which occurred when no questionnaires had been given out. Results We obtained records for 77.9% (5276/6775 of all adult patients who attended GPs' surgery sessions, with 51.9% (2739 being from sessions during which researchers distributed questionnaires. Discussion of smoking was recorded in 8.0% (220/2739 of medical records when questionnaires were distributed versus 4.6% (116/2537 where these were not. After controlling for relevant potential confounders including patients' age, gender, the odds ratio for recording of information in the presence of questionnaire distribution (versus none was 1.78 (95% CI, 1.36 to 2.34. Conclusion Distributing questionnaires about smoking to patients before and after they consult with doctors significantly increases GPs' recording of discussions about smoking medical records. This has implications for the design of some types of research into addictive behaviours and further research into how data collection methods may affect patients' and doctors' behaviours is warranted.

Wynne Alison

2007-09-01

331

Validation of activity questionnaires in patients with cystic fibrosis by accelerometry and cycle ergometry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to validate physical activity questionnaires for cystic fibrosis (CF against accelerometry and cycle ergometry. Methods 41 patients with CF (12-42 years completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES, the 7-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire (7D-PAR and the Lipid Research Clinics questionnaire (LRC and performed an incremental exercise test according to the Godfrey protocol up to volitional fatigue. Time spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA assessed objectively by accelerometry was related to the time spent in the respective activity categories by correlation analyses and calculating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC. Furthermore, the results of the exercise test were correlated with the results of the questionnaires. Results Time spent in the categories 'hard','very hard' and 'hard & very hard' of the 7D-PAR (0.41 p = 0.002; VO2peak: r = 0.32, p = 0.041. Conclusions In conclusion, the activity categories 'hard' and 'very hard' of the 7D-PAR best reflected objectively measured MVPA. Since the association was at most moderate, the 7D-PAR may be selected to describe physical activity within a population. None of the evaluated questionnaires was able to generate valid physical activity data exercise performance data at the individual level. Neither did any of the questionnaires provide a valid assessment of aerobic fitness on an invidual level.

Ruf Katharina C

2012-04-01

332

Specificity and sensibility of 9-Itens Wearing-off Questionnaire in Brazilian Parkinson disease patient sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective (1) To evaluate whether the Nine Items Questionnaire (WOQ-9) for the detection of wearing-off (WO) in Parkinson Disease (PD), by means of its screening ability, is a helpful tool to assist neurologists in diagnosing WO; (2) To determine the sensitivity and the specificity of a free Brazilian Portuguese translation of WOQ-9. Method A sample obtained by convenience included 60 patients. The WOQ-9 was answered by the patients themselves before their routine consultations. The detection of the WO by the WOQ-9 was compared with the neurologist assessment. Statistical significance was 5%. Results The WOQ-9 showed sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 10.3%, positive and negative predictive values of 54.4% and 100% respectively. The identification of WO by the WOQ-9 was congruent in 54.5% of cases with neurological evaluation. Conclusion The WOQ-9 is a convenient screening tool to aid physicians to detect WO in PD patients, and it is a quick and easy self-administered questionnaire. PMID:25410454

Santos, Jasper Guimarães; Chien, Hsin Fen; Barbosa, Egberto Reis

2014-11-01

333

Validation of a Brief Questionnaire Measuring Positive Mindset in Patients With Uveitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AimIllness may impact the positivity of a person’s mindset. However, patients with visual impairment, such as uveitis, may struggle to complete questionnaires. The aim of this study was to validate a brief and simple measure of positive mindset in people with uveitis.MethodThis study was a cross-sectional survey of 200 people with uveitis. The Positive Mindset Index (PMI questionnaire uses six items to measure a patient’s happiness, confidence, sense of being in control, stability, motivation, and optimism. ResultsExploratory factor analysis revealed a well-fitting unidimensional factor structure (KMO = .898, with strong factor loadings (from .616 to .721 and excellent internal reliability (Cronbach’s ? = .926. The PMI showed strong concurrent validity with the mental health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .789 and good construct validity relative to the physical health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .468. Excellent test-retest reliability was seen (r = .806. Patients taking 10 mg or more corticosteroid daily had significantly lower PMI scores than those on a lower dose or no dose (t (170 = 2.298, p < .023.ConclusionThe PMI has good face validity and sound psychometric properties. It is a very brief and simple measure, thus user-friendly for patients with visual impairment, as well as researchers and others using the scale.

John A. Barry

2014-03-01

334

On the awareness of radiation protection. A questionnaire survey of junior college students of radiological technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on the awareness of radiation protection was conducted to improve our curriculum of radiation protection education, which seems to be important for the safe administrative control systems and handling techniques of radiation. A total of 426 students answered our questionnaire during the period of 1994 to 1999. They were 80 first-year, 114 second-year and 232 third-year students. The facility values of 4 questions on the influence of radiation to a human body were 50.2%, 30.3%, 28.9% and 7.0%. There was no statistically significant difference among different age groups. The facility values of 3 questions on the dose limitation of occupation exposure were 50.5% (on the effective dose equivalent), 36.4% (on the tissue dose equivalent to skin), and 40.9% (on the crystalline lens). On safe handling of radiation, only 35.7% of students correctly answered that they use a plastic board to protect themselves from ?-ray, while 77.0% correctly answered the question on the decontamination method of radioactive substance from the skin. The results show the students' lack of knowledge on radiation protection. Those involved in basic science education and radiation protection education, therefore, need to clarify their teaching content and offer explicit explanations on the proper dose of radiation, effects to exposure dose, interaction between different materials and radiation. (author)

335

Modification of the asthma quality of life questionnaire (standardised for patients 12 years and older  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The age limit for some adult asthma clinical trials has recently been lowered to 12 years. In this study we have made minor modifications to the standardised version of the adult Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ(S to make it valid for patients 12 years and older (AQLQ12+. Methods We have used two clinical trial databases, in which the AQLQ12+ was used, to compare the measurement properties of the questionnaire in patients 12–17 years and patients 18 years and older. A total of 2433 patients (12–75 years, with current asthma and with data that could be evaluated both at randomisation and end of treatment, were included. Results The analysis showed that internal consistency, responsiveness and correlations with other clinical indices were very similar in patients 12–17 years and patients 18 years and older. Conclusion The measurement properties of the AQLQ12+ are similar in adolescents and adults and therefore the instrument is valid for use in adult studies which include children 12 years and older.

Svensson Klas

2005-09-01

336

Morningness-eveningness questionnaire score and metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

Science.gov (United States)

"Morningness" and "Eveningness" represent lifestyle patterns including sleep-wake patterns. Although previous studies described a relationship between the morningness-eveningness trait and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the mechanism underlying this association remains unknown. The study participants comprised 725 Japanese T2DM outpatients free of history of cardiovascular diseases. Various lifestyles were analyzed using self-reported questionnaires, including morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ). The relationships between morningness-eveningness trait and various biochemical parameters were investigated by linear regression analysis and logistic regression analysis. We classified the study patients into three groups, morning type (n=117), neither type (n=424) and evening type (n=184). Subjects of the evening type had high levels of alanine aminotransferase, triglyceride, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c and low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in a model adjusted for age and gender. Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that the evening type was associated with high HbA1c and estimated glomerular filtration rate even after adjustment for other lifestyle factors known to affect metabolic control. The results suggest that T2DM patients with eveningness trait are under inadequate metabolic control independent of other lifestyle factors. Thus, the evening trait of T2DM patients represents an important target for intervention to ensure appropriate metabolic function. PMID:25102425

Osonoi, Yusuke; Mita, Tomoya; Osonoi, Takeshi; Saito, Miyoko; Tamasawa, Atsuko; Nakayama, Shiho; Someya, Yuki; Ishida, Hidenori; Kanazawa, Akio; Gosho, Masahiko; Fujitani, Yoshio; Watada, Hirotaka

2014-11-01

337

Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee’s perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data. Materials and methods The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK). The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas) across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach’s alpha (?), and item and subscale scores. Results Participation was 73.2% (N=925) of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, Pculture in Danish hospitals. PMID:25674015

Kristensen, Solvejg; Sabroe, Svend; Bartels, Paul; Mainz, Jan; Christensen, Karl Bang

2015-01-01

338

Development and Evaluation of a New Questionnaire for Rating of Cognitive Failures at Work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cognitive-based human errors have major contribution to performance and safety in working environment. This study designed to develop a measurement tool in order to evaluate this type of errors in the occupational settings. An Occupational Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (OCFQ was developed. Content validity of the OCFQ was performed using a quantitative approach. Reliability of questionnaire was assessed by internal consistency and test-retest methods. A preliminary list of 35-items was prepared as a starting point. After evaluation of validity, five items were rejected. The new measurement instrument with 30-items was finally developed. The content validity index (CVI for the final OCFQ was found acceptable (CVI=0.7. Results show that final OCFQ was internally consistent (?=96 and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC was 0.99. Measurement of cognitive failure in the workplace requires a valid and reliable tool. In respect to probable outcomes of cognitive failures occurrence at work, the present study suggested that OCFQ would be a useful instrument for measurement of cognitive failure in the working environment.

Narmin Hassanzadeh Rangi

2011-01-01

339

Preparation of neuroradiologic procedures: a questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Responses to a questionnaire sent to members of the ASNR indicated that most neuroradiologists do not believe extensive precautions reduce the infection rate for the routine patient undergoing myelography or femoral cerebral angiography. Most neuroradiologists queried do not routinely perform a surgical scrub before each procedure. Most wear sterile gloves and gowns, but not caps or masks. They do prepare the puncture site in a meticulous manner. Concern was expressed for the likelihood of causing infection in patients undergoing extensive procedures such as angioplasty or embolization, puncturing femoral grafts, or in the presence of artificial heart valves. The increased likelihood of incurring infections in diabetic or immunosuppressed patients was also expressed. In these patients, meticulous surgical technique was deemed mandatory

340

The Caring School Leadership Questionnaire (CSLQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this research was to develop the Caring School Leadership Questionnaire (CSLQ) as a valid and reliable instrument to measure the extent of care being given by school leaders (principals) to teachers. The research involved 1,041 teachers and 65 principals from 68 primary schools in the [...] North-West Province of South Africa. The construct validity of the CSLQ was determined by means of a confirmatory factor analysis. The three main constructs regarding caring that emerged from the factor analysis proved to be the same as those theoretically identified as the three main determinants of care. Cronbach's Alpha coefficients furthermore proved the CSLQ to be reliable. The key finding flowing from the investigation was that the CSLQ may be applied with good effect in 180°-, 360°-, as well as self-evaluations of school leaders.

C.P, van der Vyver; Philip C, van der Westhuizen; L.W, Meyer.

2014-03-01

 
 
 
 
341

Validation of the Clinical COPD questionnaire in Italian language  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The development and validation study of the Clinical Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD Questionnaire (CCQ has recently been published in this journal. The CCQ is the first questionnaire that incorporates both clinician and patient guideline goals in the clinical control evaluation of patients with COPD in general clinical practice. The aim of this study is the validation of the CCQ questionnaire in Italian, in specific pulmonary disease clinical practice. Methods Validity was tested on a population of healthy subjects and patients with COPD, using the Italian validated version of the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 and guideline recommended routine measurement in COPD patients (FEV1, FVC, BMI and functional dyspnoea. Test-retest reliability was tested by re-administering the CCQ after 2 weeks. Responsiveness was tested by re-administering the CCQ after three weeks of hospital pulmonary rehabilitation. Distance walked and Borg breathlessness rating were measured at the end of the six-minute walking test (6 MWT, before and after rehabilitation. Results Cross-sectional data were collected from 175 subjects (55 healthy; 40 mild-moderate, 50 severe and 25 very severe COPD. Cronbach's alpha was high (0.89. The CCQ scores in patients were significantly worse than in healthy subjects. The CCQ total score in patients with COPD was significantly worse in those with BMI Conclusions The CCQ is self-administered and has been specially developed to measure clinical control in patients with COPD. Data support its validity, reliability and responsiveness in Italian and in specific pulmonary disease clinical practice.

Raccanelli Rita

2005-02-01

342

Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism.Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%. The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9; (c nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27; and (d eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8. A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively.Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035. The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66, 24.12 (SD=2.99, and 0.66 (SD=1.15 respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005 and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001.Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission.

M Mirfakhraei

2012-11-01

343

Applicability of the Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary: a South African case study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary (OCDQ - RE) was used to determine the current organizational climate of primary schools in North-West Province, South Africa. This questionnaire evaluates the actions of principals and educators; the current organizational cli [...] mate in primary schools can be determined from the results. A quantitative research approach, with 904 teachers from 68 schools, was used to determine the applicability of the measuring instrument. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that certain items measuring directive behaviour in the OCDQ-RE grouped with supportive behaviour of the principal. Hence, in this study, these items were regarded as supportive towards the educators and their work by the respondents. According to Cronbach's alpha coefficient the questionnaire can be regarded as reliable. Recommendations are made to render the questionnaire even more applicable for the South African context.

D, Vos; S M, Ellis; Philip C, van der Westhuizen; P J, Mentz.

344

Bridging the gaps among research, policy and practice in ten low- and middle-income countries: Development and testing of questionnaire for health-care providers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The reliability and validity of instruments used to survey health-care providers' views about and experiences with research evidence have seldom been examined. Methods Country teams from ten low- and middle-income countries (China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senegal and Tanzania participated in the development, translation, pilot-testing and administration of a questionnaire designed to measure health-care providers' views and activities related to improving their clinical practice and their awareness of, access to and use of research evidence, as well as changes in their clinical practice that they attribute to particular sources of research evidence that they have used. We use internal consistency as a measure of the questionnaire's reliability and, whenever possible, we use explanatory factor analyses to assess the degree to which questions that pertain to a single domain actually address common themes. We assess the questionnaire's face validity and content validity and, to a lesser extent, we also explore its criterion validity. Results The questionnaire has high internal consistency, with Cronbach's alphas between 0.7 and 0.9 for 16 of 20 domains and sub-domains (identified by factor analyses. Cronbach's alphas are greater than 0.9 for two domains, suggesting some item redundancy. Pre- and post-field work assessments indicate the questionnaire has good face validity and content validity. Our limited assessment of criterion validity shows weak but statistically significant associations between the general influence of research evidence among providers and more specific measures of providers' change in approach to preventing or treating a clinical condition. Conclusion Our analysis points to a number of strengths of the questionnaire - high internal consistency (reliability and good face and content validity - but also to areas where it can be shortened without losing important conceptual domains.

Boupha Boungnong

2010-01-01

345

Chronic pain following total hip arthroplasty: a nationwide questionnaire study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Chronic post-operative pain is a well-recognized problem after various types of surgery, but little is known about chronic pain after orthopedic surgery. Severe pre-operative pain is the primary indication for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, we examined the prevalence of chronic pain after THA in relation to pre-operative pain and early post-operative pain. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 1231 consecutive patients who had undergone THA 12-18 months previously, and whose operations had been reported to the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry. RESULTS: The response rate was 93.6%. Two hundred and ninety-four patients (28.1%) had chronic ipsilateral hip pain at the time of completion of the questionnaire, and pain limited daily activities to a moderate, severe or very severe degree in 12.1%. The chronic pain state was related to the recalled intensity of early post-operative pain [95% confidence interval (CI), 20.4-33.4%] and pain complaints from other sites of the body (95% CI, 20.7-32.1%), but not to the pre-operative intensity of pain. CONCLUSION: Chronic pain after THA seems to be a significant problem in at least 12.1% of patients. Our results suggest that genetic and psychosocial factors are important for the development of chronic post-THA pain.

Nikolajsen, Lone; Brandsborg, Birgitte

2006-01-01

346

Burn Sexuality Questionnaire: Brazilian translation, validation and cultural adaptation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In measuring the quality of life of burn victims, it is essential that we find reliable and valid means. The Burn Sexuality Questionnaire (BSQ) is a specific instrument that assesses sexuality in the context of quality of life of burn victims. We set out to translate, validate and culturally adapt the BSQ into Brazilian Portuguese. The Portuguese version was applied to 80 patients. After translation, cultural adaptation was performed with 30 patients. We also tested the final version for reliability in 20 patients, and for face, content and construct validities in 30 patients, according to standard procedures. Total Cronbach's alpha was 0.87. Pearson's correlation was significant between scores for different time points. Construct validity was demonstrated with the correlation of the BSQ with the Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised (BSHS-R) questionnaire. It showed significant correlation between the BSQ social comfort domain and the BSHS-R affect and body image (p=0.025), simple function ability (p=0.008), work (p=0.016) and treatment (p=0.037) domains. This cultural adaptation of the BSQ suggests that it is a reliable tool and has construct validity for the social comfort domain. There is still need for a better-structured tool that could possibly evaluate functional and psychological aspects of sexuality, because one could easily overlook the psychosocial aspects of patients with major, complex burns. PMID:23199826

Piccolo, Monica Sarto; Gragnani, Alfredo; Daher, Ricardo Piccolo; de Tubino Scanavino, Marco; de Brito, Maria José; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

2013-08-01

347

Development, validation, and implementation of a questionnaire assessing disease knowledge and understanding in adult cystic fibrosis patients.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: The number of adults living with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing, necessitating an assessment of knowledge in this growing population. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing CF knowledge was completed by 100 CF patients (median age: 26.0 years, range 17-49 years; median FEV: 57.0% predicted, range 20-127% predicted). Level of knowledge was correlated with clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: Questionnaire validation showed acceptable internal consistency (alpha=0.75) and test-retest reliability (0.94). Patients had fair overall understanding of CF (mean=72.4%, SD=13.1), with greater knowledge of lung and gastrointestinal topics (mean=81.6%, SD=11.6) than reproduction and genetics topics (mean=57.9%, SD=24.1). Females and those with post-secondary education scored significantly higher (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study validated a questionnaire that can be utilized to assess CF knowledge. Although CF patients understand most aspects of their disease, knowledge deficits are common - particularly regarding genetics and reproduction - and should be considered when developing CF education programs.

Siklosi, Karen R

2012-02-01

348

Translation, cultural adaptation and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To translate, to perform a cultural adaptation of and to test the reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil. METHODS: First, the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and was then back-translated into French. These translations were reviewed by a committee to establish a Brazilian version of the questionnaire to be tested. The validity and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was evaluated. Patients of both sexes, who were aged 18 to 60 years and presented with rheumatoid arthritis affecting their hands, were interviewed. The patients were initially interviewed by two observers and were later interviewed by a single rater. First, the Visual Analogue Scale for hand pain, the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Disability questionnaire and the Health Assessment Questionnaire were administered. The third administration of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was performed fifteen days after the first administration. Ninety patients were assessed in the present study. RESULTS: Two questions were modified as a result of the assessment of cultural equivalence. The Cronbach's alpha value for this assessment was 0.93. The intraclass intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.76 and 0.96, respectively. The Spearman's coefficient indicated that there was a low level of correlation between the Cochin Hand Functional Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain (0.46 and that there was a moderate level of correlation of the Cochin Scale with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (0.66 and with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (0.63. The average administration time for the Cochin Scale was three minutes. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was successfully translated and adapted, and this version exhibited good internal consistency, reliability and construct validity.

Aline Chiari

2011-01-01