WorldWideScience
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Video exams and the external examiners : Results from a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Master’s programme in Problem Based Learning in Engineering and Science, MPBL (www.mpbl.aau.dk), at Aalborg University, is an international programme offering formalized staff development. The programme is online, worldwide and offered on demand. The programme is organized exemplarily in accordance the principles in the problem based and project based learning method used at Aalborg University where students have large influence on their own teaching and learning. The programme is also offered in smaller parts as single subject courses (SSC). Passed single subject courses are accredited to the Master’s programme. The programme offers streamed videos in combination with other learning resources. Oral exams have been mediated with the help of Skype and later with Adobe Connect Professional. It has for all participants - students, examiners and external examiners – been both a challenge and an opportunity which has brought about new knowledge and experience. All students in the MPBL Master’s programme responded to a questionnaire [1] that they did not cheat or receive any help from outside. It was also shown that the more experience the respondents had with video exams, the more satisfied they were with the exams. Almost all respondents thought that video exams gave the external examiner the possibility to ensure that the demands were in accordance with the defined outcomes and see to that the exams were completed in accordance with the rules. This paper presents results from a questionnaire focusing on how external examiners experience video examination.

Qvist, Palle

2

From dysphonia to dysphoria: Mokken scaling shows a strong, reliable hierarchy of voice symptoms in the Voice Symptom Scale questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Symptoms of hoarseness (dysphonia) are common and often associated with psychological distress. The Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS) is a 30-item self-completed questionnaire concerning voice and throat symptoms. Psychometric and clinical studies on the VoiSS show that it has good reliability and validity, and a clear factorial structure. The present article presents a further advance in voice measurement from the patient's point of view. To date, there has been no examination of whether voice-related symptoms form a hierarchy; that is, whether people who suffer voice problems progress through a reliable set of problems from mild to severe. To address this question, the technique of Mokken scaling was applied to the VoiSS in 480 patients with dysphonia. A strong and reliable Mokken scale--a symptom hierarchy--was found, which included 17 of the 30 items. This new information on dysphonia shows that voice symptoms progress from voice-oriented difficulties, through practical problems, to disturbances of social relationships and mood (dysphoria). The results add information about the structured phenomenology of voice problems, further establish the relationship between voice impairment and psychosocial impairment, and suggest practical applications in the assessment of dysphonic voices. PMID:20004302

Deary, Ian J; Wilson, Janet A; Carding, Paul N; Mackenzie, Kenneth; Watson, Roger

2010-01-01

3

Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Hachiro Yoshida, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, he explained that according to this questionnaire, the admiration for the durability was high, and that It was clear to advance the examination with technical progress and change of the social environment. Next, he explained that by the advance on high range water reducing admixtures and belite cement matrix, the technology of high flow and high strength concrete spread, and that these technical progress rapidly improved the durability. Finally, he described that the establishment of reinforcement means and criterion for evaluation were important. (NEDO)

Yoshida, Hachiro [Taiheiyo Cement Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

4

Results of the questionnaire: Come and discuss with us  

CERN Document Server

After a memorable year, with plenty of high-profile events in 2013, CERN will celebrate its sixtieth birthday in 2014. For a very long time the Organization has been a centre of excellence, cited as an example of a successful European, even world-level, scientific collaboration. This acknowledgement is not due to chance, but is rather the result of the continuous efforts, and devotion, of the staff members and the users, for decades. To guarantee that CERN keeps its place on the scientific research laboratories’ podium, the Organization must be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists from all Member States. To achieve this, a five-yearly review of the employment conditions is foreseen in the CERN Staff Rules and Regulations. The conclusion of the next review is foreseen for December 2015. The list of topics to be considered has to be defined by the CERN Council in June 2014, upon suggestion of the Director-General. To help us prepare the discussions with the Management concernin...

Staff Association

2014-01-01

5

32 questions concerning climate change (results of a questionnaire)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The intention of the inquiry was to investigate the opinion within the scientific community about climate change questions that are believed to be already well solved in the public opinion. 32 questions were formulated that deal with 12 main assumptions about the existence, the predictability and the impacts of climate changes due to an artificially enhanced greenhouse effect. The possibilities to answer reached from `sure yes`, over `guess yes`, `not answerable or no opinion` to `guess no` and `sure no`. There were additional questions about the way the answers were gained: `by own research`, `by studying scientific literature or discussion with colleagues` and `by mass media consumption`. In the following some of the key assumptions about climate change topics will be discussed as the predictability of future evolution of climate by climate models and the detectability of an artificially enhanced greenhouse effect in climate time series. The other assumptions can be shown here only in the form of a comprehensive overview. In a very comprehensive form the results of the inquiry could be described in the following: A weak majority of climatologists believe today`s climate models to be able to describe a greenhouse gas induced climate change in global scale - much less in regional scale and not in local scale. A majority of climatologists believe an anthropogenic greenhouse gas forced climate and its impacts to be developing in the future but not already at present. The shape of the opinion spectra is in most cases far from that of a scientifically solved problem - a lot of work still has to be done

Auer, I.; Boehm, R. [Central Inst. for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Vienna (Austria); Steinacker, R. [Vienna Univ. (Austria).Inst. for Meteorology and Geophysics

1995-12-31

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P-001: Koi herpes virus world wide: results of the global KHV questionnaire 2007-2009  

OpenAIRE

KOI HERPES VIRUS WORLD WIDE: RESULTS OF GLOBAL KHV QUESTIONNAIRE 2007-2009 O. Haenen*,1 and N. J. Olesen2 (and our colleagues who completed the questionnaire) 1 Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, NRL for Fish and Shellfish Diseases, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands. 2 National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Hangøvej 2, DK-8200 Århus N, Denmark EPIZONE is a big EU network of excellence project within FP6 (www...

Haenen, Olga; Olesen, Niels Jørgen

2009-01-01

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Questionnaire results of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute carbon monoxide poisoning in Japan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning results in not only severe psychoneurological disorders, but can also cause secondary delayed psychoneurological disorders. Therefore, timely and appropriate treatment in the acute stage is crucial to prevent such direct neurological damage and secondary disorders. However, various conflicting results have been reported in studies of CO poisoning treatment, and the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2T) for CO poisoning has not been established. This retrospective multi-institutional study was performed by the questionnaire in 1667 cases of acute CO poisoning in Japan. The effectiveness of HBO2T for CO poisoning was evaluated based on prognoses in cases and various classes of hospital based on the grade of their positive stance regarding HBO2T. The results showed that the prognosis in the group treated with HBOT was significantly better than that in the group treated with normobaric oxygen therapy (NBO2T) (P < 0.01), thus confirming the effectiveness of HBO2T for CO poisoning. Furthermore, while hospitals were separated into three groups according to their indication criteria for HBO2T, the ineffective ratio of NBO2T was dependent on the indication criteria, even though the effective ratio of HBO2T was the same in all three groups. In conclusion, a retrospective multi-institutional study showed that HBO2T is an effective form of therapy for CO poisoning. PMID:22530447

Kusuba, Yoko; Taki, Kenji; Ohta, Akihide

2012-01-01

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Validation and results of a questionnaire for functional bowel disease in out-patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to evaluate and validate a bowel disease questionnaire in patients attending an out-patient gastroenterology clinic in Greece. Methods This was a prospective study. Diagnosis was based on detailed clinical and laboratory evaluation. The questionnaire was tested on a pilot group of patients. Interviewer-administration technique was used. One-hundred-and-forty consecutive patients attending the out-patient clinic for the first time and fifty healthy controls selected randomly participated in the study. Reliability (kappa statistics and validity of the questionnaire were tested. We used logistic regression models and binary recursive partitioning for assessing distinguishing ability among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, functional dyspepsia and organic disease patients. Results Mean time for questionnaire completion was 18 min. In test-retest procedure a good agreement was obtained (kappa statistics 0.82. There were 55 patients diagnosed as having IBS, 18 with functional dyspepsia (Rome I criteria, 38 with organic disease. Location of pain was a significant distinguishing factor, patients with functional dyspepsia having no lower abdominal pain (p Conclusions This questionnaire for functional bowel disease is a valid and reliable instrument that can distinguish satisfactorily between organic and functional disease in an out-patient setting.

Skordilis Panagiotis

2002-05-01

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Showing similarity of results given by two methods: A commentary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is a frequent need in the environmental sciences to show the similarity of the results given by two analytical methods. This cannot, however, be done within the conventional 'there is a difference' statistical hypothesis setting of, among others, Student's t-test. We demonstrate here a more appropriate approach that originates from drug testing and that can be applied with standard statistical software. It is a challenging approach, as it requires quantification of the similarity limit. If no pre-determined value is given for similarity, a potential data-supported similarity limit can be explored from the data. The approach has numerous other potential application areas, e.g. parallelism of regression slopes, homogeneity of variances and lack of interaction. - Showing similarity of two methods calls for specific, yet simple, statistical techniques

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Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares / Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala [...] de Gravidade de Crises (EGC) (Seizure Severity Questionnaire) com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A autora da escala concedeu a versão original em inglês para a tradução. Dois professores de inglês nativos realizaram a retrotradução. As versões em português e a retrotraduzida foram comparadas à original e após consenso foi obtida a versão final. Trinta pacientes em tratamento regular com diagnóstico de epilepsia do lobo temporal relacionada a esclerose mesial temporal responderam ao questionário. RESULTADOS: Vinte e dois pacientes (73%) eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 37 anos. Na Escala de Gravidade de Crises, 10 (33%) tiveram apenas auras; 18 (62%) apresentaram Movimentos ou atitudes durante a crise. Dois (6%) apresentaram Perda dos sentidos, 13 (43%) revelaram demora na recuperação após a crise com Efeitos mentais e corpóreos e 12 (40%) tiveram Efeitos emocionais. Vinte e oito (94%) responderam terem sido as crises extremamente graves e para 23 (77%) a recuperação após as crises foi o que mais incomodou. Observou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre a freqüência de crises e os domínios do Nottingham Health Profile: Reações Emocionais (p = 0,046), Dor (p = 0,015) e Alterações do sono (p = 0,003). CONCLUSÃO: Foi realizada a adaptação cultural da EGC, avaliando seus resultados preliminares, e a relação entre freqüência de crises e QV. O impacto das crises tradicionalmente estudado em termos da freqüência e tipo de evento pode ser melhor compreendido se analisado sob a ótica do paciente. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Seizure severity and seizure frequency reduction are the goals in the treatment of epilepsy. Up to the present, there are no validated instruments or studies emphasizing initial reliability and validity of questionnaires to measure seizure severity into Brazilian Portuguese. PURPOSE: T [...] his report describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ), an instrument to evaluate seizure frequency and severity. CASUISTIC AND METHODS: The author conceded the original English version to Portuguese translation. Later, two independent native English-speaking teachers fluent in Portuguese translated this consensus version back into English. Comparison of the back-translation with the original English version showed only a few discrepancies, and the English and Portuguese versions were considered conceptually equivalent. Thirty patients regularly treated with temporal lobe epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty-two adult patients (73%) were male and mean age 37. Ten (33%) reported only auras and 18 Movements or attitudes during the seizures. Two presented Loss of consciousness. For 13 (43%) there was a long time to recuperate after the event. 12 reported Emotional effects and all patients had Body effects. The majority of patients, 28 (94%) considered their seizures extremely severe and for 23 (77%) the recuperation period was the most bother symptom. The association of seizure frequency and Nottingham Health Profile showed statistical significance for the domains: Emotional well-being (p = 0.046), Pain (p = 0.015) and Sleep (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: This study explored the cultural adaptation of SSQ and its first results. We also assessed the correlation between seizure frequency and quality of life impact. The instrument SSQ could help to understand the seizure concern in the view of the patient.

Tatiana Indelicato da, Silva; Neide Barreira, Alonso; Auro Mauro, Azevedo; Ana Carolina, Westphal-Guitti; Rosa Cristina Vaz Pedroso, Migliorini; Carolina Mattos, Marques; Luís Otavio Sales Ferreira, Caboclo; Américo Ceiki, Sakamoto; Elza Márcia Targas, Yacubian.

2006-03-01

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Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala de Gravidade de Crises (EGC (Seizure Severity Questionnaire com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A autora da escala concedeu a versão original em inglês para a tradução. Dois professores de inglês nativos realizaram a retrotradução. As versões em português e a retrotraduzida foram comparadas à original e após consenso foi obtida a versão final. Trinta pacientes em tratamento regular com diagnóstico de epilepsia do lobo temporal relacionada a esclerose mesial temporal responderam ao questionário. RESULTADOS: Vinte e dois pacientes (73% eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 37 anos. Na Escala de Gravidade de Crises, 10 (33% tiveram apenas auras; 18 (62% apresentaram Movimentos ou atitudes durante a crise. Dois (6% apresentaram Perda dos sentidos, 13 (43% revelaram demora na recuperação após a crise com Efeitos mentais e corpóreos e 12 (40% tiveram Efeitos emocionais. Vinte e oito (94% responderam terem sido as crises extremamente graves e para 23 (77% a recuperação após as crises foi o que mais incomodou. Observou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre a freqüência de crises e os domínios do Nottingham Health Profile: Reações Emocionais (p = 0,046, Dor (p = 0,015 e Alterações do sono (p = 0,003. CONCLUSÃO: Foi realizada a adaptação cultural da EGC, avaliando seus resultados preliminares, e a relação entre freqüência de crises e QV. O impacto das crises tradicionalmente estudado em termos da freqüência e tipo de evento pode ser melhor compreendido se analisado sob a ótica do paciente.INTRODUCTION: Seizure severity and seizure frequency reduction are the goals in the treatment of epilepsy. Up to the present, there are no validated instruments or studies emphasizing initial reliability and validity of questionnaires to measure seizure severity into Brazilian Portuguese. PURPOSE: This report describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ, an instrument to evaluate seizure frequency and severity. CASUISTIC AND METHODS: The author conceded the original English version to Portuguese translation. Later, two independent native English-speaking teachers fluent in Portuguese translated this consensus version back into English. Comparison of the back-translation with the original English version showed only a few discrepancies, and the English and Portuguese versions were considered conceptually equivalent. Thirty patients regularly treated with temporal lobe epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty-two adult patients (73% were male and mean age 37. Ten (33% reported only auras and 18 Movements or attitudes during the seizures. Two presented Loss of consciousness. For 13 (43% there was a long time to recuperate after the event. 12 reported Emotional effects and all patients had Body effects. The majority of patients, 28 (94% considered their seizures extremely severe and for 23 (77% the recuperation period was the most bother symptom. The association of seizure frequency and Nottingham Health Profile showed statistical significance for the domains: Emotional well-being (p = 0.046, Pain (p = 0.015 and Sleep (p = 0.003. CONCLUSION: This study explored the cultural adaptation of SSQ and its first results. We also assessed the correlation between seizure frequency and quality of life impact. The instrument SSQ could help to understand the seizure concern in the view of the patient.

Tatiana Indelicato da Silva

2006-03-01

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P-001: Koi herpes virus world wide: results of the global KHV questionnaire 2007-2009  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

KOI HERPES VIRUS WORLD WIDE: RESULTS OF GLOBAL KHV QUESTIONNAIRE 2007-2009 O. Haenen*,1 and N. J. Olesen2 (and our colleagues who completed the questionnaire) 1 Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, NRL for Fish and Shellfish Diseases, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands. 2 National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Hangøvej 2, DK-8200 Århus N, Denmark EPIZONE is a big EU network of excellence project within FP6 (www.epizone-eu.net), with 20 partners from Europe, and China, Turkey, FAO and DiVa. Its mission is to improve research on preparedness, prevention, detection, and control of epizootic diseases within Europe to reduce the economic and social impact of future outbreaks of emerging/notifiable diseases, like Foot-and-mouth disease through increased excellence by collaboration. Within EPIZONE, Work package 6.1 covers emerging diseases of fish, including Koi Herpes virus (KHV), which causes the notifiable KHV disease (KHVD) in koi and carp (Cyprinus carpio). In Sept 2007, at the last EAFP Conference at Grado, results of the detailed EPIZONE questionnaire on KHV disease in 2006-2007 were presented. In March 2009 a follow up KHV questionnaire was sent to > 65 countries world wide. By the start of May 2009, 40 countries had responded, i.e. > 60%. The results of the KHV questionnaire will be presented as a poster, and hand-out. Questions of the questionnaire were about koi (1), cultured (2) and wild carp (3), all Cyprinus carpio: • Prevalence of KHV in your country: year of first detection;? Number of outbreaks in 2004-2009 in 1, 2 or 3? • Clinics: what clinical signs were present in KHV outbreaks ? • Outbreaks: Was there disease and mortality in small and/or big fish? • Diagnosis: Which diagnostic tests were used for KHV detection, screening and confirmation? Did/do you participate in the KHV PCR ring test of CEFAS (UK); • Susceptible fish species: Was KHV isolated from other species than koi/carp? • Latent carriers: Do you have any experience with latency of KHV in koi/carp? • Measures (stamping out, temp change, therapy) and effects in 1, 2, and 3? • Vaccination: Is a KHV vaccine used in your country? • Any research on KHV in your country and laboratory? • National legislation in your country? • Any Further points? A full updated literature list on KHV on request: please E-mail olga.haenen@wur.nl

Haenen, Olga; Olesen, Niels JØrgen

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Women show mixed intentions regarding the uptake of HPV vaccinations in pre-adolescents: a questionnaire study.  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: The general introduction of HPV vaccination, as the primary prevention of cervical cancer, is the subject of debate in the Netherlands. METHODS: We explored intentions towards HPV vaccinations for pre-adolescents in 1367 women; screen invitees, women with abnormal smears, cervical cancer survivors, and a reference group. RESULTS: 76% (screen invitees) to 81% (women with abnormal smears) said 'yes' to vaccinations, often motivated by 'prevention is better than cure'. Multivariate l...

Korfage, I. J.; Essink-bot, M. L. E.; Daamen, R.; Mols, F.; Ballegooijen, M.

2008-01-01

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Voices of nuclear power 'monitors' in fiscal 1985: results of the questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The system of nuclear power 'monitors' is to hear opinions etc. of the general people (i.e. of nuclear power monitors) on the nuclear power development and utilization and thereby to reflect the results in the nuclear power administration in Japan. The questionnairing survey by mail was made in June 1985 with 536 monitors across the country, of which 474 answered the questions. The results are described in the following: energies in the future, the development of nuclear power, the development of advanced-type reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear power safety administration, nuclear hazard prevention, nuclear power PR activities. (Mori, K.)

15

Format to communicate risk and uncertainty about the disposal of radioactive waste to different stakeholders; questionnaire and analysis of the results of the questionnaire. Deliverable D8  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders - The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the conve about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version.The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version

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Coeliac disease diagnosis: espghan 1990 Criteria or need for a change? Results of a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION:: A revision of criteria for diagnosing celiac disease (CD) is currently being conducted by ESPGHAN. In parallel, we have performed a survey aimed to evaluate current practices for CD among pediatric gastroenterologists (PG) and to learn their views on the need for modification of current criteria for CD diagnosis. METHODS:: Questionnaires were distributed to experienced PG (ESPGHAN members) via internet. RESULTS:: Overall, 95 valid questionnaires were available for analysis, pertaining to 28 different countries, with the majority of responders treating CD patients for more than 15 years. Only about 12% of the responders comply with current criteria, noncompliance being related mainly to the challenge policy.About 90 % request a revision and modification of the current criteria. 44% want to omit the SBB in symptomatic children with positive anti-tissue Transglutaminase (tTG) IgA or endomysial (EMA) IgA antibodies, specially if they are DQ2/DQ8 positive. For silent cases detected by screening withconvincingly positive tTG IgA or EMA IgA, about 30% consider that no small bowel biopsy (SBB) should be required in selected cases. Adding HLA typing in the diagnostic work up was asked for by 42% of the responders. As for gluten challenge a new policy is advocated restricting its obligation to cases whenever the diagnosis is doubtful or unclear. CONCLUSIONS:: Based on these opinions, revision of the ESPGHAN criteria for diagnosing CD is urgently needed.

Ribes-Koninckx, C; Mearin, Ml

2012-01-01

17

Report of results of questionnaire concerning mistakes in administration of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine practice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes results of questionnaire in the title which was done in September, 2004, by the risk-management committee of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. The questionnaire was sent to 1,279 facilities conducting the in vivo nuclear medical practices, of which 740 (58%) answered. The mistake is found to occur at the approximate rate of once per several years in about half of the answered facilities and to tend to be more frequent in those where full-time doctors and/or nurses were absent. Many occurred in bone and tumor scintigraphy, but severe complication was scarce. The information of mistakes was given to patients in about 80% cases, and about 90% were reported to the safety management department. The mistakes are found to have been caused by poor confirmation of the subject patient, congested examinations at one time, poor communication between personnel concerned or inappropriate labeling of the pharmaceutical. It is concluded that the thoroughgoing confirmation of patient and drug, accurate adjustment of examination schedule and effort to increase the number of personnel in charge are needed. (T.I.)

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Development and preliminary results of the Financial Incentive Coercion Assessment questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Financial incentives are often used in research, yet no measure exists to determine whether they lead to perceptions of coercion in subjects. We present a preliminary evaluation of a recently developed Financial Incentive Coercion Assessment (FICA) questionnaire. FICA measures perceived coercion specifically related to payment for participation in a research study. Two hundred sixty-six subjects were recruited from a large randomized controlled trial; 152 returned for a 6-month follow-up and completed the FICA. Approximately 30% of participants reported the major reason for participating was "for the money," but less than 5% felt that the financial incentives were coercive. FICA results are consistent with levels of perceived coercion using an alternative measure. Initial assessment of responses on the FICA suggests that it may provide a novel approach to measuring perceived coercion from financial incentives in research. Future work will refine the FICA and analyze its psychometric properties. PMID:22116011

Byrne, Margaret M; Croft, Jason R; French, Michael T; Dugosh, Karen L; Festinger, David S

2012-07-01

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Biosecurity on Finnish cattle, pig and sheep farms - results from a questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Biosecurity is important in order to prevent disease transmission between animals on farms as well as from farm to farm. Personal biosecurity routines such as hand washing and the use of protective clothing and footwear are measures that should be used at all farms. Other measures are for example related to purchasing new animals to the farm. A questionnaire-based survey was undertaken to study the frequency of use of different biosecurity measures on cattle, pig and sheep farms in Finland. Information about which biosecurity measures are in use is needed for contingency planning of emerging diseases or when combating endemic diseases. Knowledge about the level of biosecurity of a farm is also needed in order to assess if and where improvement is needed. Information regarding biosecurity levels may benefit future animal disease risk assessments. A total of 2242 farmers responded to the questionnaire resulting in a response rate of 45%. The implementation frequencies of different biosecurity measures are reported. The results revealed differences between species: large pig farms had a better biosecurity level than small cattle farms. There were also differences between production types such as dairy farming versus beef cattle farming, but these were not as remarkable. Sheep farming in Finland is sparse and the large number of hobby farmers keeps the biosecurity level low on sheep farms. This might represent a risk for the entire sheep farming industry. The Finnish farmers were satisfied with their on-farm biosecurity. Eighty percent of the farmers report that they were satisfied even though the biosecurity level was not particularly high. The implementation of biosecurity measures could be further improved. Even though the disease situation in Finland is good today, one must be prepared for possible epidemics of threatening diseases. PMID:25147126

Sahlström, Leena; Virtanen, Terhi; Kyyrö, Jonna; Lyytikäinen, Tapani

2014-11-01

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Report of questionnaire result concerning the radiation control in medicare facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiation control in Japanese medicare facilities is regulated generally by multiple laws of radiation and the Committee has investigated their actual radiation control practice through questionnaire, of which result and its analysis are described here. The questionnaire on web (Committee's homepage) was conducted in the period Apr., 13-May, 1, 2009, by asking to medical radiology personnel (MRP) with 20 items, mainly about personnel working for radiation medicare (RM), monitoring of their external dose, notice of exposure dose to individual person, archiving of the dose record, and questions about the Law Concerning Prevention from Radiation Hazard due to Radioisotopes, Etc.; was answered by 378 facilities where 15,281 persons in total worked for RM (41/facility in average); and the facilities were under regulation by 1 (Medical, 39%) and 2 (Medical and for Prevention, 61%) laws. Major findings were: 71% of facilities had no clear rule to select MRP; 98% trusted dosimetry outside; in 76%, personnel participating in RM had pocket dosimeter as well; 70% investigated the exposure history at personnel employment; to personnel whose dose could exceed or exceeded 20 mSv/y, 45% transferred the person to other work site, 34% issued warning and 21% had no such personnel; 73% felt the necessity of qualified expert for radiation control; 81% conducted education and training to MRP; 54% used radiation-generating equipments, 27%, unsealed radioisotopes and 19%, sealed ones; and 7 radioisotopes and 19%, sealed ones; and 77% felt the radiation control should be unified in the Medical Law. Based on the findings, the Committee discussed and commented about definition and selection of MRP, dosimetry and its record of MRP having multiple, increasing works, uncertainty of the exact number of MRP in Japan, and desirable unification of radiation control practice in the medicare facility into the Medical Law if amended in future. (K.T.)

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Results of questionnaire for the needs of measured data for the steady-state calculations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the First International Seminar on the Modelling of Horizontal Steam Generators arranged in March 1991 was agreed to arrange a common calculational exercise to calculate the secondary side flow conditions during normal plant operation. OKB Gidropress of Russia supplied the experimental results for the exercise. They included some measured data of the local velocities and void fractions for the steam generators of the VVER-440 and VVER-1000 type reactors. The results of the common calculational exercise presented in the Second International Seminar in September 1992 were still mainly preliminary and it was felt necessary to continue these efforts. It was concluded that the given experimental results were not sufficient for a real code assessment - still too many quantities have to be guessed. It was pointed out that it is advisable to define a minimum set of necessary data. For this reason it was decided that VTT should made a query among the participants of the seminar, where they can give their opinion of the essential data. In this presentation the results of the questionnaire are given.

Yrjoelae, V. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

1995-12-31

22

Results of questionnaire for the needs of measured data for the steady-state calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the First International Seminar on the Modelling of Horizontal Steam Generators arranged in March 1991 was agreed to arrange a common calculational exercise to calculate the secondary side flow conditions during normal plant operation. OKB Gidropress of Russia supplied the experimental results for the exercise. They included some measured data of the local velocities and void fractions for the steam generators of the VVER-440 and VVER-1000 type reactors. The results of the common calculational exercise presented in the Second International Seminar in September 1992 were still mainly preliminary and it was felt necessary to continue these efforts. It was concluded that the given experimental results were not sufficient for a real code assessment - still too many quantities have to be guessed. It was pointed out that it is advisable to define a minimum set of necessary data. For this reason it was decided that VTT should made a query among the participants of the seminar, where they can give their opinion of the essential data. In this presentation the results of the questionnaire are given

23

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Nhu Nguyen

2006-12-01

24

The role of a local mammography workshop, considered from the results of reading examinations and associated questionnaires  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The mammography workshop group for the southern Osaka prefectural area (Hannan Mammography Workshop Group) started in April, 2001, and reading examinations have been carried out periodically since the 9th workshop held in April, 2004, in order to promote mammography breast cancer screening and improve quality control. Questionnaire studies were performed in association with the 3rd (December, 2006) and 4th (March, 2008) reading examinations in order to analyze the role of the local workshop. The questionnaires included items inquiring about the examinee's sex, age, institution location, type of occupation, attendance at mammography training courses provided by the Central Committee for Quality Control, the number of attendances at the local workshop, performance of breast cancer screening, experience of recall examinations, and the number of readings performed. In addition, the questions that yielded varied interpretations at reading examinations were carefully checked in order to better manage subsequent workshops. Examinees who had attended the workshops more than 6 times tended to have a high category sensitivity (62.2% at the 3rd reading examination, and 58.9% at the 4th). Test cases that showed a low conformity rate of category judgment were as follows: judgment of typically benign calcifications, distinction between amorphous or indistinct calcifications and pleomorphic or heterogeneous calcifications, judgment of focal asymmetric density (FAD) and architecturalasymmetric density (FAD) and architectural distortion. We intend to use these results to improve the quality control of breast cancer screening through our local mammography workshop activity. (author)

25

Multiple sclerosis in the Faroe Islands. 7. Results of a case control questionnaire with multiple controls  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Detailed questionnaires were completed in 1978-79 by 23 of the 28 then known resident Faroese multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 127 controls. These controls were divided into 69 Group A (patient sibs and other relatives), 37 Group B (matched neighbor controls, their spouses and sibs, plus patient's spouse), and 21 Group C (distant matched controls, spouses, relatives living where MS patients never resided and British troops were not encamped during the war). No differences between cases and controls were found for education, occupation, types of residence, bathing, sanitary or drinking facilities, and nature of house construction or heating. Detailed dietary histories, available for half the subjects, revealed no differences, cases versus controls, for four age periods between age 0 and 30 years, and for 16 specified foodstuffs. Animal exposures showed overall no consistent differences by location or type of animal. There was a tendency to greater exposure to British troops during the war for cases versus Groups A and B but this did not attain statistical significance. Vaccinations for smallpox, tetanus and diphtheria were less common in the MS; no difference was found for other vaccinations. Except for a relative deficit in the cases for rubella and (insignificantly) for measles, mumps and chicken pox, reported illnesses were equally common among all groups. Operations, hospitalizations and injuries did not differentiate the groups, nor did age at menarche for women. Neurologic symptoms were significantly more common in the cases than in the controls.

Kurtzke, J F; Hyllested, K

1997-01-01

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Development and results of a questionnaire to measure carer satisfaction after stroke.  

OpenAIRE

STUDY OBJECTIVE--To develop a carer satisfaction questionnaire for use as an outcome measure in stroke, to test the measure for reliability and validity, and to survey levels of carer satisfaction with services for stroke patients. DESIGN--Postal survey of carer satisfaction with stroke services was carried out using the questionnaire we developed and tested. Internal consistency was tested and construct validation was explored by examining correlations with other outcome measures (the Faces ...

Pound, P.; Gompertz, P.; Ebrahim, S.

1993-01-01

27

The ChQoL questionnaire: an Italian translation with preliminary psychometric results for female oncological patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background in Occidental languages, no widely accepted questionnaire is available which deals with health related quality of life from the specific point of view of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM. Some psychometric tools of this kind are available in Chinese. One of them is the Chinese Quality of Life questionnaire (ChQoL. It comprises 50 items, subdivided in 3 Domains and 13 Facets. The ChQoL was built from scratch on the basis of TCM theory. It is therefore specifically valuable for the TCM practitioner. This paper describes our translation into Italian of the ChQoL, its first application to Occidental oncological patients, and some of its psychometric properties. Methods a translation scheme, originally inspired by the TRAPD procedure, is developed. This scheme focuses on comprehensibility and clinical usefulness more than on linguistic issues alone. The translated questionnaire is tested on a sample of 203 consecutive female patients with breast cancer. Shapiro-Wilk normality tests, Fligner-Killeen median tests, exploratory Two-step Cluster Analysis, and Tukey's test for non-additivity are applied to study the outcomes. Results an Italian translation is proposed. It retains the TCM characteristics of the original ChQoL, it is intelligible to Occidental patients who have no previous knowledge of TCM, and it is useful for daily clinical practice. The score distribution is not Normal, and there are floor and ceiling effects. A Visual Analogue Scale is identified as a suitable choice. A 3-point Likert scale can also efficiently describe the data pattern. The original scales show non-additivity, but an Anscombe-Tukey transformation with ? = 1.5 recovers additivity at the Domain level. Additivity is enhanced if different ? are adopted for different Facets, except in one case. Conclusions the translated questionnaire can be adopted both as a filing system based on TCM and as a source of outcomes for clinical trials. A Visual Analogue Scale is recommended, but a simpler 3-point Likert scale also suitably fits data. When estimating missing data, and when grouping items within Domain in order to build a summary Domain index, an Anscombe-Tukey transformation should be applied to the raw scores.

Vidili Maria

2010-09-01

28

Prioritizing the patient: optimizing therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Results of a patient questionnaire in northern Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jürgen Wollenhaupt,1 Inge Ehlebracht-Koenig,2 André Groenewegen,3 Dieter Fricke41Rheumatologikum Hamburg, Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany; 2Center of Rehabilitation, Bad Eilsen, Germany; 3UCB Pharma SA, Brussels, Belgium; 4UCB Pharma GmbH, Monheim, GermanyPurpose: A 40-question postal survey was developed to gain insight into the nature of difficulties experienced by patients due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA, as well as patient perceptions and priorities regarding their RA treatmentPatients and methods: A total of 3000 Lower Saxony, Germany members of Rheuma-Liga (RL, a patient support group for people with RA, were invited to participate between July 1, and August 20, 2009. The questionnaire was divided into four sections: (1 patient demographics, (2 quality of life (QOL, (3 treatment expectations and, (4 patient perceptions of RL. The questionnaire could be completed in writing or via the internet.Results: Of 959 respondents (response rate = 32.0%, 318 had diagnosed RA and were included in the analysis. The respondents were mostly retired (71.2%, female (83.3%, and >60 years of age (63.5%. Members’ responses indicated that most were generally satisfied with their current treatment (67.3%, considered it efficacious (84.0%, and reported minimal (none or little side-effects (61.2%. Patient involvement in treatment decisions, however, was reportedly low (49.6% felt insufficiently involved. Patients’ primary impairments were reflected in their treatment priorities: mobility (97.0%, ability to run errands/do shopping (97.1%, do the housework (95.6%, and be independent of others (94.2%. The primary service provided by RL and used by respondents was physiotherapy (70.6%, which was reported to benefit physical function and mood by over 90.0% of respondents.Conclusion: RA had a detrimental effect upon respondents' quality of life, specifically impairing their ability to perform daily tasks and causing pain/emotional distress. Independence and mobility were strong priorities for respondents. Physical therapy, provided by RL, was felt to help both physical and mental/emotional health.Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, patient survey, quality of life, patient satisfaction

Wollenhaupt J

2013-05-01

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Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model : Participant directed learning in groups. Results from questionnaire surveys.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A democratic learning system can be defined as a system where decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning are established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) between those affected by the decision simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. In principle the participants must be equal with equal rights and feel committed to the values of rationality and impartiality. The Aalborg Model is an example of a democratic learning system although not 100% democratic. The influence of the students in relation to their own learning is not extended to e.g. the teaching in courses and the facilitation of the groups might be elitist. But the learning in groups during the project work is in principle learning in a communication community, free and without supremacy. Decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning can be established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) within the group simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. This article describes results from 2 questionnaire surveys focusing on democratic learning in reality in the Aalborg Model. The responders are first year students asked twice: In their first and second semester.

Qvist, Palle

30

Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Spirituality has become a subject of interest in health care as it is was recognized to have the potential to prevent, heal or cope with illness. There is less doubt that values and goals are important contributors to life satisfaction, physical and psychological health, and that goals are what gives meaning and purpose to people's lives. However, there is as yet but limited understanding of how patients themselves view the impact of spirituality on their health and well-being, and whether they are convinced that their illness may have "meaning" to them. To raise these questions and to more precisely survey the basic attitudes of patients with severe diseases towards spirituality/religiosity (SpR and their adjustment to their illness, we developed the SpREUK questionnaire. Methods In order to re-validate our previously described SpREUK instrument, reliability and factor analysis of the new inventory (Version 1.1 were performed according to the standard procedures. The test sample contained 257 German subjects (53.3 ± 13.4 years with cancer (51%, multiple sclerosis (24%, other chronic diseases (16% and patients with acute diseases (7%. Results As some items of the SpREUK construct require a positive attitude towards SpR, these items (item pool 2 were separated from the others (item pool 1. The reliability of the 15-item the construct derived from the item pool 1 respectively the 14-item construct which refers to the item pool 2 both had a good quality (Cronbach's alpha = 0.9065 resp. 0.9525. Factor analysis of item pool 1 resulted in a 3-factor solution (i.e. the 6-item sub-scale 1: "Search for meaningful support"; the 6-item sub-scale 2: "Positive interpretation of disease"; and the 3-item sub-scale 3: "Trust in external guidance" which explains 53.8% of variance. Factor analysis of item pool 2 pointed to a 2-factor solution (i.e. the 10-item sub-scale 4: "Support in relations with the External life through SpR" and the 4-item sub-scale 5: "Support of the Internality through SpR" which explains 58.8% of variance. Generally, women had significantly higher SpREUK scores than male patients. Univariate variance analyses revealed significant associations between the sub-scales and SpR attitude and the educational level. Conclusions The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK 1.1 questionnaire indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of distinct topics of SpR that may be especially useful of assessing the role of SpR in health related research. The instrument appears to be a good choice for assessing a patients interest in spiritual concerns which is not biased for or against a particular religious commitment. Moreover it addresses the topic of "positive reinterpretation of disease" which seems to be of outstanding importance for patients with life-changing diseases.

Ostermann Thomas

2005-02-01

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General public awareness of heart failure: results of questionnaire survey during Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction General public views about heart failure (HF) alone and in comparison with other chronic conditions are largely unknown; thus we conducted this survey to evaluate general public awareness about HF and HF disease burden relative to common chronic disease. Material and methods This was a cross-sectional survey during European Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011. People visiting the stands and other activities in 12 Slovenian cities were invited to complete a 14-item questionnaire. Results The analysis included 850 subjects (age 56 ±15 years, 44% men, 55% completed secondary education or higher). Overall, 83% reported to have heard about HF, 58% knew someone with HF, and 35% believed that HF is a normal consequence of ageing. When compared to other chronic diseases, HF was perceived as less important than cancer, myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes with only 6%, 12%, 7%, and 5% of subjects ranking HF as number 1 in terms of prevalence, cost, quality of life, and survival. A typical patient with HF symptoms was recognized by 30%, which was comparable to the description of myocardial ischemia (33%) and stroke (39%). Primary care physicians (53%) or specialists (52%) would be primary sources of information about HF. If experiencing HF, 83% would prefer their care to be focused on quality of life rather than on survival (14%). Conclusions Many participants reported to have heard about heart failure but the knowledge was poor and with several misbeliefs. Heart failure was perceived as less important than several other chronic diseases, where cancer appears as a main concern among the general public. PMID:24904672

Letonja, Mitja; Kovacic, Dragan; Hodoscek, Lea Majc; Marolt, Apolon; Bartolic, Cvetka Melihen; Mulej, Marija; Penko, Meta; Poles, Janez; Ravnikar, Tinkara; Iskra, Mojca Savnik; Pusnik, Cirila Slemenik; Jug, Borut

2014-01-01

32

Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire (CEQ) Results Interpretation Manual Form 66 and Form 32.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire (CEQ) is an instrument used to collect student attitudes towards a course. Its purpose is to enable faculty members to collect evaluative information about their traching. The data are collected and processed by section but may also be processed by course, department, college, etc. The student responses…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

33

Results of the IAEA questionnaire on regulatory practices in Member States with nuclear power programmes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aiming to assist Member States to enhance their regulatory systems, the International Atomic Energy Agency has issued a questionnaire on regulatory practices in Member States with a nuclear power programme. The questionnaire, containing 120 detailed questions, covered all areas of regulatory practices such as the statutory basis, the organization of the regulatory body, licensing and the regulatory review process, regulatory inspection, enforcement, and the liaison with other related organizations. The paper presents a summary of the analysis performed on the answers to the questionnaire provided by 46 Member States, 30 of which are operating or plan to operate a nuclear power plant. The complete analysis will be published by the Agency as a TECDOC. A brief discussion of the reasons which led to the issuance of the questionnaire is presented. Plans for utilization of the information obtained in order to provide services to Member States are proposed. Further Agency activities in the field of regulatory practices are presented for discussion at the Symposium. (author). 4 refs, 3 figs, 4 tabs

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Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sam...

Fragoulakis Vasilis; Maniadakis Nikos; Pavlakis Andreas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Theodorou Mamas; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

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Results of practical application of questionnaire to determine the level of dentophobia and dynamics in the doctor— patient relationship  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to develop a questionnaire for assessing the level of dentophobia and dynamics of the relationship in the «doctor-patient» in the course of treatment and to conduct its clinical trials. Material and Methods. 90 patients aged 26-56 years with chronic generalized periodontitis have been examined. The research has been conducted by Hospital Anxiety and depression (HADS questionnaire to determine the level of dentophobia; psychophysiological testing was carried out on the hardware-software complex (APC «NS-Psychotest» (LLC «Neurosoft», Russia, Ivanovo, 2007. Clinical examination included examination of the mouth and the index of assessment of hard tissue of teeth and peri-odontal tissue: a defining simplified oral hygiene index (UIG, sulcus bleeding index (IR, gingival index (PMA. The survey was carried out before the treatment and 3 months after the treatment. Statistical analysis was performed in the program Statistica. Using non-parametric methods (Wilcoxon test, criterion A2, Spearman correlation coefficient. Statistically significant differences with p < 0,05 were considered. Results. The development of the questionnaire was carried out in accordance with all generally accepted standards. The initial testing was performed easily by patients. During the clinical trials visible results of the proposed questionnaire were obtained that proved its sensitivity to the changes in dental and psychological status of the oral cavity. Conclusion. The practical application of the questionnaire determines the level of dentophobia during the first visit. The data of the questionnaire identify the differentiated deontological approach. It improves the relationship with the patient, reduces his level of dentophobia. The reduced dentophobia promotes compliance and psychologically comfortable communication in the doctor-patient system, which also contributes to the prevention of emotional burn out among dentists.

Savina ?.?.

2013-09-01

36

Interaction of Religion and Science: Development of a Questionnaire and the Results of Its Administration to Undergraduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire was developed and administered to 111 undergraduate students to assess the influence of religiosity on their attitudes toward science as a career and their belief in scientific evidence and concepts. Results indicate that religiosity does influence these attitudes and is a factor to be considered in planning science instruction.…

Brazelton, Elizabeth W.; Frandsen, John C.; McKown, Delos B.; Brown, Charles D.

1999-01-01

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A self administered executive functions ecological questionnaire (the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult Version) shows impaired scores in a sample of patients with schizophrenia  

OpenAIRE

Subjective measurements of cognition have seldom been used in schizophrenia. This is mainly due to the assumption that such measurements lack sensitivity in a disorder characterized by poor insight. We investigated the capacity of BRIEF-A (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult Version: a self-administered, ecological questionnaire) to identify executive deficits in adults with schizophrenia. The global score and each domain-specific score was significantly lower in patients ...

Andrei Szöke; Marion Leboyer; Alexandre Méary; Ewa Bulzacka; Jeanne Vilain; Franck Schürhoff

2013-01-01

38

002 op: explaining discrepant results from questionnaires and interviews concerning help-seeking: are 'public' and 'private' accounts the key?  

Science.gov (United States)

Social surveys and interviews are staple methods within health research. One of the perceived merits of the postal questionnaire is the anonymity it affords to participants, enabling people to provide honest accounts, particularly in relation to sensitive topics. Interviewing can potentially introduce bias to participants' accounts because of a compulsion to provide socially desirable responses. Here we examine these assumptions through a comparison of questionnaire and interview accounts of the help-seeking experiences of people with symptoms of cancer. Public discourses of early diagnosis of cancer are increasingly commonplace, particularly after the 'Be Clear on Cancer' campaigns, which reinforced the importance of consulting quickly when experiencing cancer symptoms. This study aimed to explore the help-seeking experiences of people with symptoms of lung or colorectal cancer by inviting patients to complete a questionnaire about their symptom onset and first consultation with a health care practitioner. A sub sample of these participants were interviewed about their help-seeking experiences, with the interviews taking place within 8 weeks of the questionnaires being returned. We found that the reported length of the help-seeking interval (time from first symptom to first consultation with a health care practitioner) differed in questionnaire and interview accounts for the majority of participants. Whilst we may have expected participants to report longer intervals in the questionnaire, because of its perceived ability to reduce social desirability bias, we found that the converse was true; for most of the cases where there was a discrepancy in interval length between questionnaire and interview, longer help-seeking intervals were reported in the interview. We shall consider possible explanations for these unexpected results, suggesting that the concept of 'public accounts' and 'private accounts' provides insight into these discrepant participant responses. The formality of the questionnaire and the closed nature of questioning may encourage participants to report more socially acceptable behaviours in order to conform to public discourses around early help-seeking and early diagnosis. Whereas in interviews, participants were able to report more deviant accounts because they were within the private setting (their homes) and were able to narrate their stories and detail their reasoning. PMID:25869704

Dobson, C M; Brown, S R; Russell, A J; Rubin, G P

2015-01-01

39

Radiation protection of nuclear medicine workers in the Czech Republic in 2003 -some results of SONS and questionnaire survey II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our paper presents the most. important data concerning an equipment of 45 nuclear medicine departments (depts.) with radiation protection facilities and aids. The results of the questionnaire survey mentioned in our previous paper are briefly summarized here. A relatively low radiation burden of nuclear medicine staff suggests the standard of radiation protection measures to be relatively good in our country. However, our survey shows some shortcomings, especially the following ones: (1) some depts. need equipment for the preparation and dispensing of radiopharmaceuticals; (2) syringe shields for injection of beta-emitters such as 90Y are missing Iargely; (3) at some depts. shielding of staff from the patient containing a radiopharmaceutical is either missing or insufficient. Some deficiencies, including those not mentioned here, cannot be considered too significant. If syringe shields for beta-emitters are not available, Pb shields can be provisionally used. It would be desirable to replace the Pb shields by tungsten ones having the same effectiveness as Pb shields but smaller dimensions enabling a more comfortable injections (of course, tungsten syringe shields were available at four depts. which administered 18F-FDG in 2003). An acquaintance of depts. with the results of our survey is believed to stimulate nuclear medicine workers to improve further radiation protection in compliance with legislative requirements. (authors)

40

[Results of a questionnaire survey on the use of gentamicin sulfate injection].  

Science.gov (United States)

Unlike what has been approved overseas, only a low dose is approved in Japan for the use of Gentamicin Sulfate Injection (hereinafter referred to as GM Injection). A change in dose and administration was requested to the Evaluation Committee on Unapproved or Off-labeled Drugs with High Medical Needs. As a consequence, high-dose GM Injection began to be developed in Japan. In order to assess the current use of GM Injection, a questionnaire survey was conducted among infectious disease specialists certified by the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases, and physicians certified as specialists/instructors of antibiotic chemical treatment by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy. Valid responses were obtained from as many as 38.0% of questionnaire recipients (719/1891 physicians). About 30% of the respondents used GM Injection in the year 2011. Major indications for adult patients included sepsis and infective endocarditis, and bacterial strains mainly included Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Streptococcus species. Some diseases and bacterial strains domestically unapproved as indications were also treated with GM Injection. GM Injection is administered mainly as an intravenous infusion, usually once daily, which is not approved in Japan. Some physicians administered a fixed dose of GM (120 mg/day or less), not more than the upper limit approved in Japan. The majority of physicians, however, adopted a dosage of 3-5 mg/kgy/day, the standard dosage approved overseas. Physicians who implemented TDM outnumbered those who did not. The target blood level when administering 2-3 times a day was mostly 2 microg/mL or less as the trough level, and 4-10 microg/mL as the peak level. In particular, GM Injection was concurrently administered with other injectable antimicrobial agents to treat sepsis or infective endocarditis mainly in the following combinations: with penicillins or carbapenems for sepsis: with penicillins for infective endocarditis. Renal impairment was the most common adverse reaction requiring special care to be reported by the respondents. The survey revealed the current status of use, which is that GM Injection is used at the dose and administration approved in Japan, and that high-dose GM Injection, equivalent to the dosage approved overseas, is also used by quite a few physicians. The current use supports the request submitted to the Evaluation Committee on Unapproved or Off-labeled Drugs with High Medical Needs. Therefore, the same dosage that is approved overseas is recommended to be approved as soon as possible in Japan. PMID:23819349

Ohnishi, Kenji; Mikamo, Hiroshige

2013-05-01

41

Lacunae in patient knowledge about oral anticoagulant treatment: results of a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Oral anticoagulation therapy is affected by the drug used, intensity of anticoagulation, physician's experience, patient compliance, laboratory testing and patient education. Patient education is a key factor in optimal anticoagulation and safety in patients on oral anticoagulant therapy. This study was done to assess the knowledge of patients regarding oral anticoagulant therapy in the outpatient setting. This prospective study was done over 2 months in 101 patients on outpatient oral anticoagulant therapy. A 20-point questionnaire on various aspects of oral anticoagulation therapy was administered to assess their knowledge. The answers were graded on a scale of 0-1. Scores were then added up to quantify the knowledge status in each patient. Descriptive statistics and Student's t test was used to analyse the data. The mean knowledge score among patients was 9.4/18 (52.2 %). More than half (52.8 %) of the patients had a score of 80 % score-5.5/7) about the critical (must know) questions regarding OAT. Patients with age ?60 years had lower mean scores compared to those <60 years of age (p = 0.028). Illiteracy was also associated (p < 0.0001) with poor scores. There are significant lacunae in the knowledge about oral anticoagulation among patients on outpatient treatment. Older age and illiteracy were associated with poor knowledge among patients. More emphasis needs to be given to the vital aspect of patient education to make this therapy safer for patients. PMID:25825572

Joshua, Jisha K; Kakkar, Naveen

2015-06-01

42

[Research into actual conditions and preventive care in periodontal disease. Relationship between questionnaire results and periodontal disease in youth].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of periodontal disease and the relationship between the results of questionnaire concerning periodontal disease and the actual periodontal condition in youth. The examination was carried out in three parts. In the first part, a questionnaire was conducted on 3,886 junior and senior high school students (12 to 18 years of age) living in Kawagoe, Japan. The questionnaire was composed by of items concerning habits of oral hygiene, periodontal symptoms, understanding of periodontal disease and history of diagnosis by dentist of periodontal disease. Secondary, mass intraoral examination was carried out on all objects. The examination covered gingival inflammation, periodontal probing depth, calculus, dental plaque, dental caries and malalignment. Lastly, we examined the relationship between the results of periodontal examination and questionnaire with the original periodontal classification. The following results were obtained: 1. As an example of items in questionnaire, 83.1% brushed their teeth more than two times daily. The understanding of oral hygiene concerning dental caries was improved, but concerning periodontal disease was still poor. 2. The symptom most frequently reported was gingival bleeding during tooth brushing (18.4%). 3. The percentage of persons with periodontal disease (moderate gingival inflammation and periodontal pocket 4 mm or deeper) was of the highest frequency at 13 years old. The proportion of males increased with the advanced state of periodontal disease. 4. A significant correlation was found (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001) between advanced state of periodontal disease and a decrease in tooth brushing time per day. 5. A significant correlation was found between the advance of periodontal disease and gingival bleeding on tooth brushing (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001). Similarly, a correlation was found between the advance of periodontal disease and gingival swelling (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001). 6. A significant correlation was found (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001) between the advance of periodontal disease and aggravation of condition of dental plaque, calculus, dental caries and malalignment. PMID:2489556

Nakashima, K; Kurihara, C; Kawanaga, T; Kurihashi, Y; Ohsawa, K; Onodera, O; Shimoyama, M; Watanabe, Y; Ikeda, K

1989-12-01

43

FAPIG's activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Analytical results of questionnaire executed at organized visits to nuclear power stations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The First Atomic Power Industry Group (FAPIG) has organized visits to nuclear power plants every November since 1989 as one of the activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy, the purpose of which is to acquire right knowledge of nuclear energy with study by observation after an actual visit to facilities of NPPs. Members of participants have mainly consisted of woman's employees who had no chance to visit NPPs and were unfamiliar with mechanism of NPPs and also words like radiation and radioactivity. This report describes the latest seminar with visit at Kashiwabara-Kariwa NPPs and evaluated results on participant's questionnaires for the necessity and safety of NPPs respectively. (T. Tanaka)

44

FAPIG's activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Analytical results of questionnaire executed at organized visits to nuclear power stations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The First Atomic Power Industry Group (FAPIG) has organized visits to nuclear power plants every November since 1989 as part of its activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Visitors were mainly ladies from related companies who had no chance to visit nuclear power plants and were unfamiliar with mechanisms of nuclear power plants and radiation and/or radioactivity. After lectures on overview of energy general and basis of nuclear energy, visits to nuclear power plants had been conducted to understand nuclear energy in the right way. Questionnaire answered before and after the visits were analyzed to obtain significance and results of the activities. (T. Tanaka)

45

Industrial policy and social strategy at the corporate level in Poland : questionnaire results  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents results from a survey of industrial policy of the state and the social security system at the corporate level in Poland. Previous reports in this area indicated preferable directions of research to be taken in order to prove various hypotheses of the purposefulness of an integral approach to industrial policy and social security in the analysis of economic processes in transition (see Weikard 1997). This paper summarises the results and draws conclusions from a questionnai...

Bednarski, Marek; Kurowski, Piotr

1999-01-01

46

Brachytherapy in France in 2002: results of the ESTRO-PCBE questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report the results of the Patterns of Care for Brachytherapy in Europe (PCBE) throughout France. Responses were obtained for 91% of the Radiation Oncology departments, which have declared using brachytherapy for 67, and gave detailed data for 49 ones. The equipments and treated tumours were recorded. LDR brachytherapy remained the most often used (53.5 ), followed by HDR (28%). PDR represented 5.5% and permanent implants 11%. The authors discuss the development of new equipment, with an aggregation of the structures, and an increase of the PDR and prostate implants use. (authors)

47

Why do psychotherapists participate in psychotherapy research and why not? Results of the Attitudes to Psychotherapy Research Questionnaire with a sample of experienced German psychotherapists.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objective: Psychotherapy research needs to convince psychotherapists to contribute their time and effort to participate. The present paper describes the development and first results of the Attitudes to Psychotherapy Research Questionnaire (APRQ). Method: The APRQ and additional qualitative questions about exclusion criteria for participation were filled out by a sample of 365 therapists (psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and cognitive-behavioral) during an Internet-based research survey. Results: A principle component analysis yielded six factors: Benefits, Damage, Legitimation, Self-doubt, Effectiveness Doubt and External Reasons. Age, external reasons and benefits predicted willingness to participate independent of therapeutic school. Discussion: Results show a changing trend to more positive attitudes to psychotherapy research. To be willing to participate in future research, therapists expected high quality designs, financial compensation, and personal gains. PMID:25047604

Taubner, Svenja; Klasen, Jennifer; Munder, Thomas

2014-07-22

48

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

Science.gov (United States)

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence. PMID:23446826

Lotzin, Annett; Kriston, Levente; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Leichsenring, Irina; Ramsauer, Brigitte; Schäfer, Ingo

2013-07-01

49

Nanotribology Results Show that DNA Forms a Mechanically Resistant 2D Network in Metaphase Chromatin Plates  

OpenAIRE

In a previous study, we found that metaphase chromosomes are formed by thin plates, and here we have applied atomic force microscopy (AFM) and friction force measurements at the nanoscale (nanotribology) to analyze the properties of these planar structures in aqueous media at room temperature. Our results show that high concentrations of NaCl and EDTA and extensive digestion with protease and nuclease enzymes cause plate denaturation. Nanotribology studies show that native plates under struct...

Ga?llego, Isaac; Oncins, Gerard; Sisquella, Xavier; Ferna?ndez-busquets, Xavier; Daban, Joan-ramon

2010-01-01

50

The results of questionnaire on quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was done by working group under the cooperation between Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine and Japanese Circulation Society. We evaluated the usefulness of quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure by the results of questionnaire. Forty-nine (72.1%) of 68 selected institutions participated in this study. The incidence of MIBG myocardial scintigraphy used in heart failure was 41.1%. The imaging protocol was mostly done by both planar and SPECT at 15 min and 3.6 hr after intravenous injection of 111 MBq of MIBG. The quantitative assessment was mostly done by heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rate analysis based on planar imaging. The mean normal value of H/M ratio were 2.34{+-}0.36, and 2.49{+-}0.40, at early and delayed images, respectively. The normal value of washout rate was 27.74{+-}5.34%. On the other hand, those of H/M ratio in heart failure were 1.87{+-}0.27, and 1.75{+-}0.24, at early and delayed images, respectively. That of washout rate was 42.30{+-}6.75%. These parameters were very useful for the evaluation of heart failure. In conclusion, MIBG myocardial scintigraphy was widely used for not only early detection and severity assessment, but also indication for therapy and prognosis evaluation in heart failure patients. (author)

Nishimura, Tsunehiko [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Medical school; Sugishita, Yasurou; Sasaki, Yasuhito

1997-12-01

51

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1-2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lacki...

Große-schu?tte, K.; Assadian, O.; Hu?bner, No; Lo?ffler, H.; Kramer, A.

2011-01-01

52

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1–2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lacking in many individuals, leading to wrong behavior at work and insufficient use of skin protection and skin care products.

Große-Schütte, Katja

2011-01-01

53

Nanotribology results show that DNA forms a mechanically resistant 2D network in metaphase chromatin plates.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a previous study, we found that metaphase chromosomes are formed by thin plates, and here we have applied atomic force microscopy (AFM) and friction force measurements at the nanoscale (nanotribology) to analyze the properties of these planar structures in aqueous media at room temperature. Our results show that high concentrations of NaCl and EDTA and extensive digestion with protease and nuclease enzymes cause plate denaturation. Nanotribology studies show that native plates under structuring conditions (5 mM Mg2+) have a relatively high friction coefficient (??0.3), which is markedly reduced when high concentrations of NaCl or EDTA are added (??0.1). This lubricant effect can be interpreted considering the electrostatic repulsion between DNA phosphate groups and the AFM tip. Protease digestion increases the friction coefficient (??0.5), but the highest friction is observed when DNA is cleaved by micrococcal nuclease (??0.9), indicating that DNA is the main structural element of plates. Whereas nuclease-digested plates are irreversibly damaged after the friction measurement, native plates can absorb kinetic energy from the AFM tip without suffering any damage. These results suggest that plates are formed by a flexible and mechanically resistant two-dimensional network which allows the safe storage of DNA during mitosis. PMID:21156137

Gállego, Isaac; Oncins, Gerard; Sisquella, Xavier; Fernàndez-Busquets, Xavier; Daban, Joan-Ramon

2010-12-15

54

A randomised controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of offering study results as an incentive to increase response rates to postal questionnaires [ISRCTN26118436  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Postal questionnaires are widely used to collect outcome data on participants. However, a poor response to questionnaires will reduce the statistical power of the study and may introduce bias. A meta analysis of ten trials offering study results, largely in the fields of education and marketing, was shown to be ineffective, with the odds ratio for response with offering research findings is 0.92 (95% CI 0.75 to 1.11). However uncertainty still exists as it is uncertain whe...

Torgerson David J; Cockayne Sarah

2005-01-01

55

Results of questionnaire to members of Japanese college of radiology. Their attitude and act for medical exposure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper describes results of questionnaire conducted to members of Japanese College of Radiology (JCR) about their attitude and act for medical exposure. It asked, concerning medical exposure, about their attribute, attitude, education and knowledge, awareness at routine clinical practice and about occupational dose; was sent to 5,135 JCR members in September, 2011 for sending back within a month; and was replied by 1,177 members (22.9%), of which data were analyzed by chi-square distribution. Answered doctors (M/F of ca. 3/1, 30-59 years old) concerned with the actual practice (89.5%) for >10 years (ca. 67%) and >6 y (ca. 80) of imaging diagnosis (ca. 70%), radiotherapy (ca. 15) and nuclear medicine (300-bed hospital (ca. 70%). They were always or often aware of the medical exposure (>90%); their significantly high awareness was found in hospitals having >4 radiological doctors; and their awareness was significantly correlated with the population of their service area. They were also aware at CT (38%), IVR (interventional radiology) (27), radiotherapy (10) and PET (12), for patients of pediatrics (31%), of pregnancy-possible women (27), receiving frequent tests (30) and undergoing pelvic region imaging (12). Frequent questions to them arose from departments of nurse (28%), pediatrics (18), radiology (17), gynecology (13) and internal medicine (12); from patients often (5%), sometimes (28), rarely (55%) and null (12%). Significant relationship wand null (12%). Significant relationship was found between questions by patients and the bed number/number of radiological doctors/population of medical service area. About 90% of doctors joined the education and training course always, often, or sometimes and about 40% of whom recognized its effectiveness. For accumulated dose restriction, 69.8% of doctors thought negative for patients while 72.1%, positive for volunteers in clinical trials (significant). Doctors who didn't explained patients about the exposure were 16%. Those highly aware of exposure wore the protective lead apron and used other protection devices like screen at fluoroscopy. Thus most of radiological expert doctors aware of exposure take care of patients and themselves at their daily practice. (T.T.)

56

Summary of results of the patient exposures in diagnostic radiography in 2011 questionnaire. Focus on radiographic conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We carried out a questionnaire survey to research on radiographic conditions in 3000 institutes. We discussed on radiographic conditions to estimate patient exposures. The collection rate was 24.7%. Most of the institutes shifted to the use of high-voltage generator, digital devices, and filmless equipment. We did not see a shift in this survey of radiographic conditions compared with the 2007 survey. (author)

57

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

58

Show What You Know: Musings on the Reporting of Negative Results in Speech Recognition Research  

OpenAIRE

{What is a Negative Result?} In a sense, well-designed experiments never have a completely negative result, since there is always the opportunity to learn something. In fact, unexpected results by definition provide the most information. Conventionally, negative results refer to those that do not support the hypothesis that an experiment has been designed to test; that is, results that are unable to disprove the null hypothesis (e.g., that the distinction between results from novel and baseli...

Hermansky, Hynek; Morgan, Nelson

2003-01-01

59

Evaluate Stochastikon Magister by Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

This paper is the continuation of the work of articles “Strategies for Teaching a Novel Approach to Handling Uncertainty Scientifically via Internet”, “A Graphical Tool for Visualizing Bernoulli Stochastics” and “Empirical Evaluation of Stochastikon Magister”. In this paper we evaluate the usability and learnability of the virtual classroom – Stochastikon Magister by questionnaire. The result shows that more than 70% of the teacher candidates, who selected Magister E-Learning pr...

Xiaomin Zhai; Elart von Collani

2011-01-01

60

Differences in itch characteristics between psoriasis and atopic dermatitis patients: results of a web-based questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Differences in itch characteristics between different inflammatory dermatoses are not well described. The aim of this study was to assess differences in itch characteristics between patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis using a previously validated web-based questionnaire that was made available through the National Psoriasis Foundation and National Eczema Association for Science and Education websites. Participants rated frequency and intensity of itch, associated symptoms, itch descriptors, and effect of scratching. A total of 524 subjects with atopic dermatitis and 195 subjects with psoriasis completed the survey. Atopic dermatitis responders experienced more frequent and more intense itch. Associated sweating and heat sensation were also more common in atopic dermatitis. Scratching was considered pleasurable in both atopic dermatitis and psoriasis; pleasurability correlated weakly with itch intensity in atopic dermatitis. Psoriasis respondents reported higher embarrassment associated with itch. Itch sensation is experienced differently among patients with atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Future therapeutic interventions may be developed to target these differences. PMID:21533325

O'Neill, Jenna L; Chan, Yiong Huak; Rapp, Stephen R; Yosipovitch, Gil

2011-09-01

61

Psychological impact, support and information needs for women with an abnormal Pap smear: comparative results of a questionnaire in three European countries  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Extensive information on cervical cancer is currently available. Its effectiveness in reducing anxiety in women receiving abnormal Pap tests is not clear. We investigated current practices of communicating abnormal Pap results to evaluate women's reactions and determine the sources of information they use subsequently. Methods A self-administered questionnaire-based study was performed in 1475 women in France, Spain and Portugal who had received an abnormal Pap smear resul...

Jorge Anna; da Silva Daniel; Cortes Javier; Monsonego Joseph; Klein Patrick

2011-01-01

62

Stem cells show promising results for lymphoedema treatment - A literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lymphoedema is a debilitating condition, manifesting in excess lymphatic fluid and swelling of subcutaneous tissues. Lymphoedema is as of yet still an incurable condition and current treatment modalities are not satisfactory. The capacity of mesenchymal stem cells to promote angiogenesis, secrete growth factors, regulate the inflammatory process, and differentiate into multiple cell types make them a potential ideal therapy for lymphoedema. Adipose tissue is the richest and most accessible source of mesenchymal stem cells and they can be harvested, isolated, and used for therapy in a single stage procedure as an autologous treatment. The aim of this paper was to review all studies using mesenchymal stem cells for lymphoedema treatment with a special focus on the potential use of adipose-derived stem cells. A systematic search was performed and five preclinical and two clinical studies were found. Different stem cell sources and lymphoedema models were used in the described studies. Most studies showed a decrease in lymphoedema and an increased lymphangiogenesis when treated with stem cells and this treatment modality has so far shown great potential. The present studies are, however, subject to bias and more preclinical studies and large-scale high quality clinical trials are needed to show if this emerging therapy can satisfy expectations. PMID:25272309

Toyserkani, Navid Mohamadpour; Christensen, Marlene Louise; Sheikh, Søren Paludan; Sørensen, Jens Ahm

2015-04-01

63

Stem cells show promising results for lymphoedema treatment - A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Lymphoedema is a debilitating condition, manifesting in excess lymphatic fluid and swelling of subcutaneous tissues. Lymphoedema is as of yet still an incurable condition and current treatment modalities are not satisfactory. The capacity of mesenchymal stem cells to promote angiogenesis, secrete growth factors, regulate the inflammatory process, and differentiate into multiple cell types make them a potential ideal therapy for lymphoedema. Adipose tissue is the richest and most accessible source of mesenchymal stem cells and they can be harvested, isolated, and used for therapy in a single stage procedure as an autologous treatment. The aim of this paper was to review all studies using mesenchymal stem cells for lymphoedema treatment with a special focus on the potential use of adipose-derived stem cells. A systematic search was performed and five preclinical and two clinical studies were found. Different stem cell sources and lymphoedema models were used in the described studies. Most studies showed a decrease in lymphoedema and an increased lymphangiogenesis when treated with stem cells and this treatment modality has so far shown great potential. The present studies are, however, subject to bias and more preclinical studies and large-scale high quality clinical trials are needed to show if this emerging therapy can satisfy expectations.

Toyserkani, Navid Mohamadpour; Christensen, Marlene Louise

2015-01-01

64

Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario CAGE para consumo abusivo de alcohol: resultados de tres análisis Psychometric Properties of the CAGE Questionnaire for Alcohol Abuse: Results of Three Analyses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: El cuestionario CAGE es el instrumento más usado para identificar el consumo abusivo de alcohol; pero no se conocen muchas de sus propiedades psicométricas en los adultos colombianos. Objetivo: Determinar la consistencia interna del cuestionario CAGE en fumadores y no fumadores adultos que informaron consumo de alcohol durante el último mes y conocer el comportamiento psicométrico frente a una entrevista clínica estructurada en un grupo de adultos fumadores de la población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnóstica en tres grupos de la población general. Se determinó la consistencia interna mediante la fórmula 20 de Kuder-Richardson y las propiedades frente a una entrevista clínica en un subgrupo de fumadores (sensibilidad, especifcidad, valores predictivos, razones de probabilidad, kappa de Cohen y área bajo la curva ROC. Resultados: La consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,753 y 0,834. En fumadores, para el punto de corte de 2, la sensibilidad fue 66,7% (IC95%: 38,8-87,0; la especifcidad, 86,0% (IC95%: 73,7-93,3; el valor predictivo positivo, 55,6% (IC95%: 31,3-77,6; el valor predictivo negativo, 90,7% (IC95%: 78,9-96,5; la razón de probabilidad positiva, 4,8; la razón de probabilidad negativa, 0,39; la kappa media de Cohen, 0,490 (IC95%: 0,253-0,727, y el área bajo la curva ROC, 0,805 (IC95%: 0,680-0,929. Conclusiones: El cuestionario CAGE muestra aceptable consistencia interna y modestas propiedades cuando se compara con una entrevista clínica en personas fumadoras.Introduction: The CAGE questionnaire is the scale most commonly used to identify abusive use of alcohol; however, many of its psychometric properties in the Colombian adult population are unknown. Objective: To determine the in-ternal consistency of the CAGE questionnaire among adult smokers and non-smokers who reported alcohol drinking within the last month, as well as its psychometric properties when compared with a structured clinical interview in a group of smokers from the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A validation study was designed for three groups within the general population. Internal consistency was calculated with Kuder-Richardson coeffcient, and the psychometric properties (sensitivity, specifcity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, Cohen’s kappa and area under receiver operating characteristic curve were computed when CAGE was compared with a structured clinical interview among a sub-group of smokers. Results: The internal consistency was between 0.753 and 0.834. Among smokers, for the best cutoff point (2/4, the sensitivity was 66.7% (95%CI: 38.8-87.0; specifcity, 86.0% (95%CI: 73.7-93.3; positive predictive value, 55.6% (95%CI: 31.3-77.6; negative predictive value, 90.7% (95%CI: 78.9-96.5; positive likelihood ratio, 4.8; negative likelihood ratio, 0.39; Cohen’s kappa, 0.490 (95%CI: 0.253-0.727; and area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.805 (95%CI: 0.680-0.929. Conclusions: The CAGE questionnaire presents acceptable internal consistency, although among smokers it shows modest properties when compared with a clinical interview.

Adalberto Campo-Arias

2009-06-01

65

Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario CAGE para consumo abusivo de alcohol: resultados de tres análisis / Psychometric Properties of the CAGE Questionnaire for Alcohol Abuse: Results of Three Analyses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introducción: El cuestionario CAGE es el instrumento más usado para identificar el consumo abusivo de alcohol; pero no se conocen muchas de sus propiedades psicométricas en los adultos colombianos. Objetivo: Determinar la consistencia interna del cuestionario CAGE en fumadores y no fumadores adultos [...] que informaron consumo de alcohol durante el último mes y conocer el comportamiento psicométrico frente a una entrevista clínica estructurada en un grupo de adultos fumadores de la población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnóstica en tres grupos de la población general. Se determinó la consistencia interna mediante la fórmula 20 de Kuder-Richardson y las propiedades frente a una entrevista clínica en un subgrupo de fumadores (sensibilidad, especifcidad, valores predictivos, razones de probabilidad, kappa de Cohen y área bajo la curva ROC). Resultados: La consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,753 y 0,834. En fumadores, para el punto de corte de 2, la sensibilidad fue 66,7% (IC95%: 38,8-87,0); la especifcidad, 86,0% (IC95%: 73,7-93,3); el valor predictivo positivo, 55,6% (IC95%: 31,3-77,6); el valor predictivo negativo, 90,7% (IC95%: 78,9-96,5); la razón de probabilidad positiva, 4,8; la razón de probabilidad negativa, 0,39; la kappa media de Cohen, 0,490 (IC95%: 0,253-0,727), y el área bajo la curva ROC, 0,805 (IC95%: 0,680-0,929). Conclusiones: El cuestionario CAGE muestra aceptable consistencia interna y modestas propiedades cuando se compara con una entrevista clínica en personas fumadoras. Abstract in english Introduction: The CAGE questionnaire is the scale most commonly used to identify abusive use of alcohol; however, many of its psychometric properties in the Colombian adult population are unknown. Objective: To determine the in-ternal consistency of the CAGE questionnaire among adult smokers and non [...] -smokers who reported alcohol drinking within the last month, as well as its psychometric properties when compared with a structured clinical interview in a group of smokers from the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A validation study was designed for three groups within the general population. Internal consistency was calculated with Kuder-Richardson coeffcient, and the psychometric properties (sensitivity, specifcity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, Cohen’s kappa and area under receiver operating characteristic curve) were computed when CAGE was compared with a structured clinical interview among a sub-group of smokers. Results: The internal consistency was between 0.753 and 0.834. Among smokers, for the best cutoff point (2/4), the sensitivity was 66.7% (95%CI: 38.8-87.0); specifcity, 86.0% (95%CI: 73.7-93.3); positive predictive value, 55.6% (95%CI: 31.3-77.6); negative predictive value, 90.7% (95%CI: 78.9-96.5); positive likelihood ratio, 4.8; negative likelihood ratio, 0.39; Cohen’s kappa, 0.490 (95%CI: 0.253-0.727); and area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.805 (95%CI: 0.680-0.929). Conclusions: The CAGE questionnaire presents acceptable internal consistency, although among smokers it shows modest properties when compared with a clinical interview.

Adalberto, Campo-Arias; Jaider Alfonso, Barros-Bermúdez; Germán Eduardo, Rueda-Jaimes.

2009-06-01

66

Lung cancer trial results show mortality benefit with low-dose CT:  

Science.gov (United States)

The NCI has released initial results from a large-scale test of screening methods to reduce deaths from lung cancer by detecting cancers at relatively early stages. The National Lung Screening Trial, a randomized national trial involving more than 53,000 current and former heavy smokers ages 55 to 74, compared the effects of two screening procedures for lung cancer -- low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) and standard chest X-ray -- on lung cancer mortality and found 20 percent fewer lung cancer deaths among trial participants screened with low-dose helical CT.

67

Prophylactic and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of the skin and mucosa. Part I. Results of a German multicenter questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work, it was to evaluate the remedies, which are used for prevention and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of the skin and mucosa (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, small and large bowel, rectum and vagina). A questionnaire was sent to 130 radiotherapeutic departments in Germany in Juli 1995. The questionnaire had been designed with 22 open questions concerning the preventive and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of skin and mucosal sites. From 130 questionnaires, 89 (68.4%) were sent back till August 1995. All of them were evaluable. The recommendations showed a broad spectrum for each site. Especially the oral mucositis was treated in many different ways and combinations. The prevention and therapy of complicating superinfections seem to be the joint principle of most of the recommendations. The management of the acute radiation related morbidity has a wide clinical spectrum among different radiation therapy centers. Systematic prospectively designed investigations are necessary in order to achieve a further reduction in the radiation related acute morbidity. Therefore, a multicenter collaborative working group has been founded. (orig./MG)

68

Updated clinical results show experimental agent ibrutinib as highly active in CLL patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Updated results from a Phase Ib/II clinical trial led by the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center – Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute indicates that a novel therapeutic agent for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is highly active and well tolerated in patients who have relapsed and are resistant to other therapy. The agent, ibrutinib (PCI-32765), is the first drug designed to target Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a protein essential for CLL-cell survival and proliferation. CLL is the most common form of leukemia, with about 15,000 new cases annually in the U.S. About 4,400 Americans die of the disease each year.

69

International gene therapy trial for 'bubble boy' disease shows promising early results  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers reported promising outcomes data for the first group of boys with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID-X1), a fatal genetic immunodeficiency also known as "bubble boy" disease, who were treated as part of an international clinical study of a new form of gene therapy. The mechanism used to deliver the gene therapy is designed to prevent the serious complication of leukemia that arose a decade ago in a similar trial in Europe, when one-quarter of boys treated developed the blood cancer. Researchers from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute presented the study results annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology, on behalf of the Transatlantic Gene Therapy Consortium.

70

Evaluate Stochastikon Magister by Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper is the continuation of the work of articles “Strategies for Teaching a Novel Approach to Handling Uncertainty Scientifically via Internet”, “A Graphical Tool for Visualizing Bernoulli Stochastics” and “Empirical Evaluation of Stochastikon Magister”. In this paper we evaluate the usability and learnability of the virtual classroom – Stochastikon Magister by questionnaire. The result shows that more than 70% of the teacher candidates, who selected Magister E-Learning programme to learn Bernoulli Stochastics, feel satisfactory with both Magister learning environment and Bernoulli Stochastics teaching content. Besides, most of the participants hold positive attitudes toward the possibility of using E-Learning systems as a replacement of classroom teaching for educating other subjects of mathematics and natural science. The response to the questionnaire is identical with another empirical evaluation of Stochastikon Magister.

Xiaomin Zhai

2011-03-01

71

Does organic food intervention in the Danish schools lead to change dietary patterns? : results of a web based questionnaire survey among Danish school food coordinatorsR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for the growing prevalence of obese and overweight children. Schools are well suited setting for the learning of children and young people, and this influence has the potential to play an important role in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. The school at the same time is the focus of public organic food supply strategies as well as the focus of innovation strategies that can increase the availability of healthier food options. These strategies in some cases go hand in hand. The purpose of this research was to examine whether organic food intervention strategies in school meal system could support the development of healthier eating patterns among children and adolescents. An important precondition for this is that the food environment becomes supportive for such eating. In the current study this was determined through the comparisons between the food strategies of “organic” school to that of “non organic” schools in Denmark.Provision of meals in Danish schools in not compulsory and function as an “value adding service” that schools and municipalities can decide on locally. Therefore the study was undertaken u among school food coordinators in selected Danish primary schools that was known to provide school meals. The study was conducted by means of a web-based questionnaire. The data shows the relations regarding the school food service between different types of schools, and also based on the ways and methods of food provision. Results indicate that organic food intervention strategies can be supportive for strategies that increase the healthiness of school eating environments. This eventually might play a positive role in the efforts done to counteract the development of obesity and overweight issues among the children in these selected Danish schools.

He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2010-01-01

72

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

73

[Further characterization between oral bisphosphonate dosing interval and patient preference--patient preference for daily, weekly and monthly bisphosphonate, based on results of 3,052 outpatients questionnaires].  

Science.gov (United States)

This single center questionnaire survey began in 15 February 2013 and ended in 31 May 2013 at our clinic. Patients were received the questionnaire to measure preference about bisphosphonate preparations (BPs). The questionnaire consisted of the following two questions: [which do you prefer once-daily, once-weekly or once-monthly bisphosphonate? why do you prefer any one?]. We studied 3,052 outpatients (822 male and 2,230 female) aged 63.7 +/- 18.0 years, had had various orthopedic diseases, including osteoporosis. Thirteen hundred and thirty four patients (43.7%) preferred once-weekly BPs. Once-monthly BPs and once-daily BPs were ranked second and third, 926 patients (30.3%) and 750 patients (24.6%), respectively. The dominant reasons for preferring once-weekly BPs, once-monthly BPs, and once-daily BPs, were "once-daily dosing schedule is troublesome, but, once-monthly dosing schedule tends to forget", "once-monthly dosing schedule is more convenient", and "it is hard to forget dosing by once-daily dosing schedule", respectively. Of 93 patients had already taken once-daily BPs, 62 patients (66.7%) preferred once-daily BPs. Of 672 patients had already taken once-weekly BPs, 419 patients (62.4%) preferred once-weekly BPs. Of 48 patients had already taken once-monthly BPs, 40 patients (83.3%) preferred once-monthly BPs. Patients tended to prefer BPs that were already administered. Three hundred and five patients were randomly assigned to switch from current osteoporosis medicine to once-monthly risedronate for two months, and these patients were received the questionnaire before and after the treatment period. The rate of preferring once-monthly BPs significantly increased from 39.0% to 81.0%, after taking once-monthly risedronate for two months. Therefore, these results revealed that patient preference for oral bisphosphonate dosing interval was varied. It was concluded that risedronate was useful for various patients, because it had once-daily, once-weekly, and once-monthly preparations. PMID:24437282

Ijiri, Shinichiro

2013-12-01

74

Categorization of level of secondary exposure of personnel engaged in radiation emergency medicine, based on the results of an informed questionnaire (a proposal of the Meyasu level)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fear or anxiety against radiation exposure is a major concern of personnel engaged in radiation emergency medicine, and anxiety is strengthened when they do not know the magnitude of the exposure. They are often not so familiar to ionizing radiation itself nor name of unit. Therefore, it is crucial to provide a system that the size of exposure of the personnel can be predicted and its information will be notified plainly. Firstly, we surveyed 885 persons who are the crew of ambulance, nurses and medical doctors of emergency medicine, and supporting stuff in the hospital, polices, Japanese defense forces etc to know their acceptable level of exposure. Biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiological protection criteria were given before to fill in the questionnaire, then asked to choose the acceptable level of radiation to oneself who might undergo radiation emergency medicine. Analyzed result showed that more than 65 per cent of the people accepted exposure of 1 mSv in the occasion of treating radio-contaminated patient. Female people were more sensitive to radiation fear than male, younger persons under 30 years old and older people over 60 years old were also more sensitive. Then we decided to propose a categorization system of exposure to personnel using time reaching to the accepted level of 1 mSv, instead of using the radiation unit. This system intends to notify the secondary exposure from the contaminated patient to the personnel. They can afford to trnt to the personnel. They can afford to treat the patient with enough time by the radio-contaminated patient. We call this categorization system as 'Meyasu levels (Japanese word, means 'rough estimation')'. When the radiation level measured at 10 cm from the contaminated area does not exceed 1 Micro-Sv per hour , which we call 'level 1'. Level 2 is designated to 100 hrs and not exceed 10 Micro-Sv/per hour at 10 cm, and so forth. We provided color tag similar to the triage tag being used in the disaster medicine. The tag does not inform the magnitude of exposure of the patient but informs that of personnel. (author)

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FAPIG's activities for public acceptance of nuclear energy. Analytical results of questionnaire executed at organized visits to nuclear power stations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An organized visits to Kashiwazaki Kariwa nuclear power stations was carried out on 15 and 16th November 2001. They visited the nuclear power station after conducting seminar. The same questionnairing were conducted on 20 participants before joining the seminar, and after visiting the nuclear power stations. The object and effects of these organized visits are explained in this paper. The outline of the organized visits, the questions, results of questionnaire are explained. Almost members had not taken part of nuclear power and they obtained information about nuclear power by means of mass media. 17 members felt uneasy about safety of nuclear power because of accident. However, 10 members changed to be safe after confirmation of defense in depth and the controlled system in the power station. 16 members did not understand the mechanism of nuclear power. So that we hope that the mechanism of nuclear power is studied in the school. They recognize the need of nuclear power because of small energy source in Japan. (S.Y.)

Mizoguchi, Tadao [First Atomic Power Industry Group, Tokyo (Japan)

2002-11-01

76

Actual status of application of radiation medicare fee to outpatients. Results of questionnaire by Japanese society for therapeutic radiology and oncology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fee in the title was newly enacted in 2012 by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and the concerned society (JASTRO, in the title) conducted the questionnaire to investigate the actual application status of the fee in the early September. The questionnaire was sent to 160 delegates of JASTRO, and 90 (56.3%) of whom replied within the month. Their facilities had av. 389 (40-1,040) outpatients. Results revealed that the system, although it had been newly established, was widely recognized by as many as 97.8% of radiological expert doctors. Most doctors reported the difficulty, confusion and, especially in those with >5 years experience of radiation therapy who had to examine the patient, increased load for actual application of the system, and wished the improvement of prerequisite items like the strict periodic once weekly examination of patients and concurrent method of fee computation. They thought that even several-day gap could be occasionally allowed for the weekly examination and observation of patients (93.3% of doctors) for their safety maintenance, and less experienced expert doctors could do the works if only under the supervision of experienced doctor (83.3%). The created system was favorably accepted since the doctors thought the fee could contribute to future progress of radiation therapy. Doctors' wishes above should be taken in consideration at the chance of revising the system. (T.T.)

77

The Survey Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

78

Análise de resultados a partir de testes de sentenças e questionário de auto-avaliação / Results analysis based on tests of sentences and a self-assessment questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: investigar a melhora no desempenho e na restrição de participação de usuários de próteses auditivas, após um período de três meses, e verificar se houve correlação entre os resultados obtidos nestes dois aspectos. MÉTODOS: analisou-se 13 sujeitos, com perda auditiva do tipo neurossensoria [...] l de grau leve a moderadamente severo, com idades entre 28 e 60 anos. Realizou-se a pesquisa dos Limiares e Índices Percentuais de Reconhecimento de Sentenças no Silêncio e no Ruído (LRSS e LRSR, IPRSS e IPRSR), em campo livre, através do teste Listas de Sentenças em Português; e aplicou-se o questionário Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA). A primeira avaliação foi realizada antes da adaptação das próteses auditivas, sem o uso das mesmas, e a segunda, três meses após a adaptação, com o paciente fazendo uso das próteses auditivas. RESULTADOS: a an álise estatística evidenciou melhora significante, tanto em relação à restrição de participação (HHIA), quanto no desempenho das avaliações (LRSS, LRSR, IPRSS e IPRSR). Ao correlacionar a melhora na restrição de participação (HHIA), com a melhora do desempenho nos demais procedimentos, houve correlação significante apenas entre a melhora no HHIA e a melhora no LRSR. CONCLUSÃO: os usuários avaliados apresentaram sensação de restrição da participação diminuída, e melhora significante no desempenho em situações de reconhecimento de fala, tanto no silêncio quanto no ruído. Houve correlação entre a melhora nas respostas no HHIA e o LRSR, devido ao fato de que as maiores queixas em indivíduos com perda auditiva neurossensorial estarem relacionadas à presença de ruído competitivo. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to investigate the improvement in the performance and in the participation restriction of hearing aids users after a three-month period, as well as to find out a possible correlation between the results obtained in these two aspects. METHODS: 13 subjects having mild to moderate-severe senso [...] rineural hearing loss, aged between 28 and 60 year old, were analyzed. The research of Sentence Recognition Threshold and Percent Indexes in Quiet and in Noise (SRTQ and SRTN, PISRQ and PISRN) was carried out in sound field through the Portuguese Sentences Lists test. The Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA) questionnaire was also applied. The first assessment was performed before the hearing aids fitting, without patients using them; the second, three months later, with the patients using the hearing aids. RESULTS: the statistical analysis showed a significant improvement not only in relation to participation restriction (HHIA) but also in the performance of assessments (SRTQ, SRTN, PISRQ PISRN). When correlating the improvement in participation restriction (HHIA) with the improvement in the other procedures, there was a significant correlation only between the improvement in HHIA and the improvement in SRTN. CONCLUSION: the assessed users showed a feeling of decreased participation restriction, and a performance improvement in situations of speech recognition in quiet as well as in noise. There was a correlation between an improvement in the answers to HHIA and SRTN due to the fact that most complaints in people with sensorineural hearing loss are related to the presence of competitive noise.

Aline da Silva, Lopes; Nilvia Herondina Soares, Aurélio; Sinéia Neujahr dos, Santos; Tiago, Petry; Maristela Júlio, Costa.

2011-02-01

79

Seminar-Results of questionnaires  

CERN Document Server

Le Prof.Rousseau qui a mené avec son équipe l'enquète auprès du personnel du Cern explique et montre comment on prépare une telle enquête p.ex. pour une politique du personnel et qu'est-ce qu'on peut attendre. Le Prof. Rousseau qui avait au départ une formation d'économiste, est maintenant Prof. de psychologie du travail à l'Université de Neuchâtel et passait aussi plusieurs années à Montreal. Ensuite il a travaillé dans l'industrie et donné des cours dans différentes universités, tout en étant consultant dans l'industrie, toujours pour des questions du personnel.

Rousseau

1983-01-01

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Psychological impact, support and information needs for women with an abnormal Pap smear: comparative results of a questionnaire in three European countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Extensive information on cervical cancer is currently available. Its effectiveness in reducing anxiety in women receiving abnormal Pap tests is not clear. We investigated current practices of communicating abnormal Pap results to evaluate women's reactions and determine the sources of information they use subsequently. Methods A self-administered questionnaire-based study was performed in 1475 women in France, Spain and Portugal who had received an abnormal Pap smear result in the 12 months prior to completing the questionnaire. Questions covered methods of communication of the result, emotional reactions, support received (from the physician and entourage, and information sources, using pre-specified check box options and rating scales. Data were analyzed by country. Results Pap test results were mostly communicated by phone to Spanish women (76%, while physician letters were common in France (59% and Portugal (36%. Frequent reactions were anxiety, panic and stress, which were less common in Spanish women than their French and Portuguese counterparts. After discussing with their physician, half of the participants were worried, despite rating highly the psychological support received. Over 90% of women in each country discussed their results with family or friends. Partners provided a high level of support. Overall, the abnormal diagnosis and consequences had a low to medium impact on daily, professional and family life and their relationships with their partner. Impact was higher in Spanish women than the French or Portuguese. Information on the diagnosis and its treatment was rated average, and nearly 80% of participants wanted more information, notably French women. Preferred sources were the physician and the Internet. Conclusions Women expressed a strong wish for more information about cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases, and that their physician play a major role in its provision and in support. There was a heavy reliance on the close entourage and the Internet for information, highlighting the need for dissemination of accurate material. Differences between countries suggest information management strategies may need to be tailored to different geographical regions.

Jorge Anna

2011-05-01

81

Use of the Italian version of the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire in the daily practice: results of a prospective study  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients. Among the numerous questionnaires aiming at evaluating asthma HRQL in children, the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) has proved to have good measurement properties. The present study was aimed at investigating the ...

Bendandi Barbara; Baldi Elena; Dondi Arianna; Ricci Giampaolo; Giannetti Arianna; Masi Massimo

2009-01-01

82

The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

2008-01-01

83

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2 questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD, Brazil, 2008  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,048 households were selected from a stratified sample of all permanent households along the country to be interviewed using the Brazilian SF-36 (version 2. Psychometric tests were performed to evaluate the scaling assumptions based on IQOLA methodology. Results Data quality was satisfactory with questionnaire completion rate of 100%. The ordering of the item means within scales clustered as hypothesized. All item-scale correlations exceeded the suggested criteria for reliability with success rate of 100% and low floor and ceiling effects. All scales reached the criteria for group comparison and factor analysis identified two principal components that jointly accounted for 67.5% of the total variance. Role emotional and vitality were strongly correlated with physical and mental components, respectively, while social functioning was moderately correlated with both components. Role physical and mental health scales were, respectively, the most valid measures of the physical and mental health component. In the comparisons between groups that differed by the presence or absence of depression, subjects who reported having the disease had lower mean scores in all scales and mental health scale discriminated best between the two groups. Among those healthy and with one, two or three and more chronic illness, the average scores were inverted related to the number of diseases. Body pain, general health and vitality were the most discriminating scales between healthy and diseased groups. Higher scores were associated with individuals of male sex, age below 40 years old and high schooling. Conclusions The Brazilian version of SF-36 performed well and the findings suggested that it is a reliable and valid measure of health related quality of life among the general population as well as a promising measure for research on health inequalities in Brazil.

Vasconcellos Miguel M

2011-08-01

84

Do hairdressers in Denmark have their hand eczema reported as an occupational disease? Results from a register-based questionnaire study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background. Occupational hand eczema is common in hairdressers, owing to wet work and chemicals. Objectives. To estimate whether hairdressers in Denmark have their hand eczema reported as an occupational disease and to clarify the reasons for not reporting. Methods. A register-based study was performed, comprising trained hairdressers (n = 7840), using a self-administered postal questionnaire including questions on hand eczema and it being reported as an occupational disease. A response rate of 67.9% (n = 5324) was obtained. Results. Overall, 2186 respondents ever had hand eczema; 71.3% were apprentices at the time of hand eczema onset. The majority (61.9%) had had hand eczema several times and 21.3% (almost) all of the time, but only 20.7% had reported their hand eczema as being occupational to the National Board of Industrial Injuries (Denmark). A positive association between severity of hand eczema and filing a report was found (odds ratio 19.2; 95% confidence interval 8.18-45.06). The main reasons for notreporting were 'I thought it would eventually get better' (40.4%) and 'My doctor didn't tell me it was possible to report it' (26.6%). Conclusions. Hand eczema is considerably under-reported as an occupational disease; the perception of hand eczema among hairdressers and the lack of reporting from doctors are the main reasons for this.

Lysdal, Susan H; SØsted, Heidi

2012-01-01

85

Multi-channel cochlear implant patients with different open speech understanding show some similar basic psychophysical results.  

Science.gov (United States)

A series of tests was recently undertaken on three multi-channel cochlear implant patients showing different degrees of open speech understanding in order to try to determine underlying differences in inner ear excitation. First we wanted to determine whether these patients showed notable differences in basic psychophysical tasks. This article reports a series of measures including absolute and differential thresholds, simultaneous and forward masking, and some polarity and phase perception. Absolute and differential sensitivities were found to be similar. In forward or simultaneous masking, the patients often showed no masking at all and in cases of masking, no frequency selectivity. In forward masking, their time constants were found to be longer than those in normal hearing. Multi-harmonic signals differing only in phase relations to produce large differences in peak amplitude did not seem to elicit different perceptions. In stimulating with very low-frequency square waves, only negative going fronts were perceived. The similarity of results for the 3 patients in this study suggest that individual differences lie in more complex stimulus processing and perhaps in qualitative aspects of perception. PMID:2356721

Cazals, Y; Pelizzone, M; Kasper, A; Montandon, P

1990-01-01

86

Recombinant PNPLA3 protein shows triglyceride hydrolase activity and its I148M mutation results in loss of function.  

Science.gov (United States)

The patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3, also called adiponutrin, ADPN) is a membrane-bound protein highly expressed in the liver. The genetic variant I148M (rs738409) was found to be associated with progression of chronic liver disease. We aimed to establish a protein purification protocol in a yeast system (Pichia pastoris) and to examine the human PNPLA3 enzymatic activity, substrate specificity and the I148M mutation effect. hPNPLA3 148I wild type and 148M mutant cDNA were cloned into P. pastoris expression vectors. Yeast cells were grown in 3L fermentors. PNPLA3 protein was purified from membrane fractions by Ni-affinity chromatography. Enzymatic activity was assessed using radiolabeled substrates. Both 148I wild type and 148M mutant proteins are localized to the membrane. The wild type protein shows a predominant lipase activity with mild lysophosphatidic acid acyl transferase activity (LPAAT) and the I148M mutation results in a loss of function of both these activities. Our data show that PNPLA3 has a predominant lipase activity and I148M mutation results in a loss of function. PMID:24369119

Pingitore, Piero; Pirazzi, Carlo; Mancina, Rosellina M; Motta, Benedetta M; Indiveri, Cesare; Pujia, Arturo; Montalcini, Tiziana; Hedfalk, Kristina; Romeo, Stefano

2014-04-01

87

The Claustrophobia Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The content and psychometric properties of the Claustrophobia Questionnaire (CLQ) are described. An earlier version of the CLQ was developed to test the hypothesis that claustrophobia is comprised of two distinct but related fears--the fear of suffocation and the fear of restriction [J. Anxiety Disord. 7 (1993) 281.]. The scale was used to assess patients undergoing the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure [J. Behav. Med. 21 (1998) 255.] and in participants with panic disorder [J. Abnorm. Psychol. 105 (1996) 146; Taylor, S., Rachman, S., & Radomsky, A. S. (1996). The prediction of panic: a comparison of suffocation false alarm and cognitive theories. Unpublished data.]. On the basis of these studies, we decided to revise and shorten the CLQ, collect normative data, and provide information on the scale's predictive and discriminant validity as well as its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. This was done through a set of four interconnected studies that included psychometric analyses of undergraduate and community adult questionnaire responses and behavioural testing. Results indicate that the CLQ has good predictive and discriminant validity as well as good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The CLQ appears to be a reliable and sensitive measure of claustrophobia and its component fears. We encourage the use of the CLQ in a variety of clinical and research applications. The scale is provided in this paper for public use. PMID:11474815

Radomsky, A S; Rachman, S; Thordarson, D S; McIsaac, H K; Teachman, B A

2001-01-01

88

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study, who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7 completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5% than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Trampisch Hans J

2007-11-01

89

Validation of the post sleep questionnaire for assessing subjects with restless legs syndrome: results from two double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical trials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Because of the subjective nature of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS symptoms and the impact of these symptoms on sleep, patient-reported outcomes (PROs play a prominent role as study endpoints in clinical trials investigating RLS treatments. The objective of this study was to validate a new measure, the Post Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ, to assess sleep dysfunction in subjects with moderate-to-severe RLS symptoms. Methods Pooled data were analyzed from two 12-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of gabapentin enacarbil (N = 540. At baseline and Week 12, subjects completed the PSQ and other validated health surveys: IRLS Rating Scale, Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I, Profile of Mood States (POMS, Medical Outcomes Study Scale-Sleep (MOS-Sleep, and RLS-Quality of Life (RLSQoL. Pooled data were used post hoc to examine the convergent, divergent, known-group validity and the responsiveness of the PSQ. Results Convergent validity was demonstrated by significant correlations between baseline PSQ items and total scores of IRLS, POMS, RLSQoL, and the MOS-Sleep Scale (p ? 0.007 each. Divergent validity was demonstrated through the lack of significant correlations between PSQ items and demographic characteristics. Correlations (p Conclusions Although these analyses were potentially limited by the use of clinical trial data and not prospective data from a study conducted solely for validation purposes, the PSQ demonstrated robust psychometric properties and is a valid instrument for assessing sleep and sleep improvements in subjects with moderate-to-severe RLS symptoms. Trial Registration This study analyzed data from two registered trials, NCT00298623 and NCT00365352.

Bharmal Murtuza

2011-04-01

90

Pruritus of patients with atopic dermatitis in daily life and therapeutic effects experienced by them: Results of a web-based questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is important to recognize pruritic occasions/conditions and how their treatment is effective in soothing pruritus in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) to facilitate patient communication and improve patient instructions in a typical clinical setting. For this purpose, we conducted a web-based questionnaire survey. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:25421804

Takeuchi, S; Oba, J; Esaki, H; Furue, M

2014-11-24

91

Not all Surface Waters show a Strong Relation between DOC and Hg Species: Results from an Adirondack Mountain Watershed  

Science.gov (United States)

Several recent papers have highlighted the strong statistical correlation between dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and total dissolved mercury (THgd) and/or dissolved methyl Hg (MeHgd). These relations of organic carbon with Hg species are often even stronger when a measurement that reflects some fraction of the DOC is used such as UV absorbance at 254 nm or the hydrophobic acid fraction. These strong relations are not surprising given the pivotal role DOC plays in binding and transporting Hg, which is otherwise relatively insoluble in dilute waters. In this study, we show data collected monthly and during some storms and snowmelt over 2.5 years from the 65 km2 Fishing Brook watershed in the Adirondack Mountains of New York. This dataset is noteworthy because of a weak and statistically non-significant (p > 0.05) relationship between DOC and either of THgd or MeHgd over the entire study period. We believe that the lack of a strong DOC-Hg relation in Fishing Brook reflects the combined effects of the heterogeneous land cover and the presence of three ponds within the watershed. The watershed is dominantly (89.3%) hardwood and coniferous forest with 8% wetland area, and 2.7% open water. Despite the lack of a strong relation between DOC and Hg species across the annual hydrograph, the dataset shows strong within-season correlations that have different y-intercepts and slopes between the growing season (May 1 - Sept. 30) and dormant season (Oct. 1 - April 30), as well as strong, but seasonally varying DOC-Hg correlations at smaller spatial scales in data collected on several occasions in 10 sub-watersheds of Fishing Brook. We hypothesize that a combination of several factors can account for these annually weak, but seasonally and spatially strong DOC-Hg correlations: (1) seasonal variations in runoff generation processes from upland and wetland areas that may yield DOC with varying Hg-binding characteristics, (2) photo-induced losses of Hg species and DOC in ponded areas, and (3) the effects of the widely varying seasonal temperature and snow cover on the rates of microbial processes such as the decomposition of soil organic matter and methylation of Hg. These results emphasize that not all watersheds show simple linear relations between DOC and Hg species on an annual basis, and provide a caution that measurements such as the optical properties of waters are not always a strong surrogate for Hg.

Burns, D. A.; Schelker, J.; Murray, K. R.; Brigham, M. E.; Aiken, G.

2009-12-01

92

Utah Drug Use Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in junior and senior high school students. The 21 multiple choice items pertain to drug use practices, use history, available of drugs, main reason for drug use, and demographic data. The questionnaire is untimed, group administered, and may be given by the classroom teacher in about 10 minutes. Item…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

93

Salud mental en el hospital general: resultados del Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ en cuatro servicios de atención Mental Health in the General Hospital: Results of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ in Four Hospital Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: Pocas personas tienen acceso a tratamientos de trastornos mentales, en parte porque no son adecuadamente detectados. Como es más frecuente consultar servicios de salud por condiciones médicas, la atención primaria en salud constituye una puerta de entrada útil de detección de problemas de salud mental. Objetivo: Detectar la frecuencia de problemas de salud mental en cuatro servicios de la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: consulta externa, hospitalización, urgencias y atención primaria, mediante un cuestionario breve, el Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ, así como los índices de comorbilidad. Método: Estudio de corte transversal de pacientes que asistieron a los cuatro servicios, a quienes se les aplicó un Cuestionario de Datos Demográficos y el PHQ. Resultados: De los pacientes que asistieron a los servicios entre septiembre del 2010 y mayo del 2011, un total de 1094 seleccionados aleatoriamente participaron en el estudio. Los problemas de salud mental más frecuentes fueron trastorno depresivo mayor (7,3%, abuso de alcohol (14,4% y algún trastorno de ansiedad (7,7% y se observaron con una mayor frecuencia en urgencias. Conclusiones: Se reafirma la utilidad de un cuestionario breve (PHQ para detectar problemas de salud mental en el medio hospitalario y se analiza la necesidad de diseñar programas de atención en salud mental en el hospital general. Se recomienda repetir este estudio en otros centros y realizar más investigación.Introduction: Few individuals have access to mental health services due in part to under-detection. As it is more likely to consult for medical conditions, primary care may be a useful gateway for early detection of mental health problems. Objective: Detection of the frequency of mental health problems in four hospital services at the Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: Outpatient unit, hospitalization, emergency department, and primary care through a brief detection questionnaire, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ. Method: Cross-sectional study of patients seen at the four services who answered a Demographic Data Questionnaire and the PHQ together with information gathered about current medical diagnosis, history of visits, and hospitalizations during the last year. Results: 1094 patients seen at the four hospital services between September 2010 and May 2011 were selected at random. A mental health problem was detected in 36.7% of the total sample. Major depressive disorder (7.3%, alcohol abuse (14.4%, and any anxiety disorder (7.7% showed the highest prevalence with the emergency department showing the highest frequency of detection. Conclusions: The usefulness of a brief detection questionnaire such as the PHQ in hospital settings is demonstrated and implications in the design of mental health programs in the general hospital are discussed. The need to replicate this study in other settings and to undertake further research is outlined.

Leonidas Castro-Camacho

2012-01-01

94

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2) questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD), Brazil, 2008  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,0...

Vasconcellos Miguel M; Anjos Luiz A.; Najar Alberto L; Campos Monica R; Travassos Claudia M; Laguardia Josué

2011-01-01

95

Dietary fat and breast cancer: comparison of results from food diaries and food-frequency questionnaires in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium.  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies of dietary fat and breast cancer risk are inconsistent, and it has been suggested that a true relation may have been obscured by the imprecise measurement of fat intake. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of fat with breast cancer risk by using estimates of fat intake from food diaries and food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) pooled from 4 prospective studies in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: A total of 657 cases of breast cancer in premenopausal and postmenopa...

Key, Tj; Appleby, Pn; Cairns, Bj; Luben, R.; Dahm, Cc; Akbaraly, T.; Brunner, Ej; Burley, V.; Cade, Je; Greenwood, Dc; Stephen, Am; Mishra, G.; Kuh, D.; Keogh, Rh; White, Ir

2011-01-01

96

Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Therefore preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific instruments to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for children aged 9-12 years which could fill this gap in the literature. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – the conceptualisation, development and testing phase. We used the conceptual model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase we used an iterative process to carefully rephrase existing items used in prior questionnaires such as the Standardised Nordic Questionnaire. To measure pain the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) was included. The testing phase consisted of an iterative method assessing respondent understanding during two pilot tests. In the first pilot test 52 4th grade children filled in the draft version of the YSQ. This was followed by a semi-structured interview two days later designed to obtain the same information ascontained in the YSQ, however, using different semantics and open-ended questions. The revised questionnaire was tested and reviewed a second time at the end of the first pilot test. The second pilot test included 23 children from the 4th grade. It followed similar procedures as the first pilot test but focused mainly on revised versions of the drawings demarcating the spinal areas. Results Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). Correlations between the rFPS and the interview NRS score ranged between 0.71 (cervical spine) and 0.84 (thoracic spine). Agreement between the questionnaire drawings and the interviews of the upper and lower boundaries of the spinal areas were 91.8% for the cervical spine and 67.4% (lumbar spine) and 63.3% (thoracic spine). This resulted in alterations to the drawings. Lastly, as some questions in the second part of the YSQ had a high prevalence of non-responses, it was decided to change question semantics and response options. Conclusion The Young Spine Questionnaire is a novel self-report measure of spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for understanding of content among target respondents, and the results showed acceptable agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings. On the basis of these preliminary results we conclude that the YSQ is a feasible and valid instrument to be used in cross-sectional cohort studies of children aged 9 to 12 years.

Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

97

Educational Television Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This mail questionnaire is designed to ascertain personal and demographic characteristics, TV and ETV viewing habits, and reasons for those viewing habits. It contains 22 items. (For related documents, see TM 002 621-630, 632-635.) (KM)

Payne, David A.; And Others

98

Reception of Talent Shows in Denmark: First Results from a Trans-National Audience Study of a Global Format Genre  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper will discuss the methodology and present the preliminary findings of the Danish part of a trans-national, comparative audience study of the musical talent show genre undertaken in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Great Britain in Spring 2013. Within the international business model of format adaptation, the musical talent show genre has been particularly successful in crossing cultural borders. Formats such as Idols, X Factor and Voice have sold to a large variety of countries, covering all continents. Such global reach inevitably raises the question of the genre’s audience appeal; to what degree its reach has to do with a universal appeal inherent in the genre and/or the innovative character of individual formats, and to what degree its global success is due to local broadcasters’ ability to successfully adapt the formats to local audience tastes. A consensus has developed that television formats to a considerable degree are adapted according to national audiences and, hence, national cultural tastes. And in our research approach, we do recognize that musical talent shows appear to contribute to ‘imagining the nation’ (Anderson 1983), often even mentioning the nation in the title. However, we also take into account that the national perspective needs to be considered critically. First, there are other factors but national culture that determine a local adaptation such as subnational target groups, channel identity, financing or chance incidents. Secondly, it has rightly been argued that within any national television market, especially in the post-broadcast era, a multiplicity of publics co-exists. The aim of the focus groups is therefore to shed light on the complexity of the communal viewing experience, real and imagined, national, sub-national and transnational; of identification, and of the meaning that viewers take from the musical talent show genre.

Jensen, Pia Majbritt

99

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. STUDIES REVIEWED: 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants INTERVENTION REVIEWED: 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. RESULTS: The odds of response w...

Edwards, P.; Roberts, I.; Clarke, M.; Diguiseppi, C.; Pratap, S.; Wentz, R.; Kwan, I.

2002-01-01

100

Presentation Showing Results of a Hydrogeochemical Investigation of the Standard Mine Vicinity, Upper Elk Creek Basin, Colorado  

Science.gov (United States)

PREFACE This Open-File Report consists of a presentation given in Crested Butte, Colorado on December 13, 2007 to the Standard Mine Advisory Group. The presentation was paired with another presentation given by the Colorado Division of Reclamation, Mining, and Safety on the physical features and geology of the Standard Mine. The presentation in this Open-File Report summarizes the results and conclusions of a hydrogeochemical investigation of the Standard Mine performed by the U.S. Geological Survey (Manning and others, in press). The purpose of the investigation was to aid the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in evaluating remediation options for the Standard Mine site. Additional details and supporting data related to the information in this presentation can be found in Manning and others (in press).

Manning, Andrew H.; Verplanck, Philip L.; Mast, M. Alisa; Wanty, Richard B.

2008-01-01

101

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be possible in HoLEP than in TUR-P. PMID:22089150

Ishikawa, Kiyohito; Maruyama, Takahiro; Kusaka, Mamoru; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka

2011-10-01

102

Psychometric Properties of Shortened Versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Derived shortened versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) (S. Hollon and P. Kendall, 1980) using samples of 434 and 419 adults. Cross-validation with samples of 163 and 91 adults showed support for the shortened versions. Overall, results suggest that these short forms are useful in measuring cognitions associated with depression.…

Netemeyer, Richard G.; Williamson, Donald A.; Burton, Scot; Biswas, Dipayan; Jindal, Supriya; Landreth, Stacy; Mills, Gregory; Primeaux, Sonya

2002-01-01

103

Italian Version of the Self-Description Questionnaire-III.  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed an Italian version of the Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ-III) and studied the reliability and factorial validity of this translated instrument. Results show that the translated version has psychometric properties similar to those of the original English version. (SLD)

Maggi, Stefania

2001-01-01

104

Questionnaire typography and production.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

105

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

106

Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQoL  

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Full Text Available Abstract Acromegaly is a chronic disease with an important impact on patients, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL. The ability to effectively measure Health Related Quality of Life is central to describing the impacts of disease or treatment upon the patient, therefore the importance of having a disease specific questionnaire for acromegaly. For the development of the AcroQoL questionnaire different sources of information were used: first a literature search was performed to identify relevant papers describing the impact of acromegaly in HRQoL, second the main domains of impact on HRQoL were identified by 10 experts endocrinologists, and third ten in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in acromegalic patients to identify domains and items related to the self-perceived impact of acromegaly in patients' life. After a proper qualitative analysis a preliminary 38 item questionnaire was obtained. Rasch analysis concluded with a final 22 item questionnaire. The measurement properties (validity and reliability of the resulting final questionnaire were tested and compared using standard procedures (Cronbach's Alpha and item-total correlation. The evaluation of the item parameters confirmed the construct validity of the new instrument. Responsiveness to change was assessed in a small sample of 32 acromegalic patients with active disease in Spain who were administered the AcroQoL and the generic questionnaire EuroQoL 5-D. The results showed a statistically significant relationship between all the dimensions of AcroQoL and the VAS (visual analogic scale of EQ-5D. An improvement in the global score of AcroQoL was related to a global improvement in the VAS of the EQ-5D. Following the current recommended standard methodology the Spanish questionnaire was translated into eleven other languages.

Lara Nuria

2004-02-01

107

Controlo alimentar materno e estado ponderal: resultados do questionário alimentar para crianças / Mother’s feeding control and weight status: results of the child feeding questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese As atitudes de controlo alimentar das mães são determinantes ambientais relevantes do estado ponderal dos respectivos filhos e o seu conhecimento deve ser tido em conta na intervenção no peso em excesso. Esta investigação tem como objectivos: validar o Questionário alimentar para Crianças (CFQ), ins [...] trumento desenhado para a avaliação das atitudes de controlo alimentar, numa amostra de mães portuguesas; estudar a relação entre estas atitudes e o estado ponderal dos seus filhos. Os participantes foram 292 mães e respectivos filhos com idades entre os 8 e 12 anos. As mães responderam ao CFQ e a questões demográficas, as crianças foram pesadas e medidas e calculados os os z scores IMC. As respostas ao questionário foram sujeitas à Análise factorial Exploratória e Análises Factoriais Confirmatórias e calculados os índices c²/df, RMSEA, CFI, TLI e NFI de três modelos. Os índices de consistência interna das subescalas distribuem-se entre 0,61 e 0,90. Os resultados de 5 subescalas associam-se ao z score do IMC sendo que Pressão para comer se relaciona negativamente; apenas Percepção da responsabilidade e Monitorização não se associam ao estado ponderal. Conclui-se que o CFQ é um instrumento fiável para utilizar na população portuguesa, e que as atitudes de controlo alimentar das mães são determinantes importantes do comportamento alimentar e do estado ponderal das crianças a ter em conta na intervenção na obesidade. Abstract in english Mother's feeding attitudes are most important environmental factors of weight status in children, and its knowledge has to be considered in the managment of overweight. This research has as objectives: to validate The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ), witch assesses parent's feeding attitudes, in a [...] Portuguese sample; to study the importance of mothers’ feeding attitudes related to children’s weight status. Participantes were 292 mothers and their children aged 8 to 12 years. Mothers’ answered to CFQ and children were weighted and measured, BMI z scores were calculated. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were performed and the model fit indexes c²/df, RMSEA, CFI, TLI and NFI were obtained for 3 models. Alpha for the subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.90. Perceived Feeding Responsibility and Monitoring presented no association with BMI Z scores; Pressure to Eat was inversely associated with this factor; all others suscales were positively associated with BMI z scores. We coclude that CFQ, with some modifications, is a reliable instrument to use in research in Portuguese population, and that mothers’ feeding attitudes are important factors of children’s eating behavior and weight status to include in the management of obesity.

Victor, Viana; Tânia, Franco; Cecília, Morais; Paulo, Almeida; Diana, Silva; António, Guerra.

108

Development of Questionnaire on Emotional Labor among Primary and Secondary School Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, based on the analysis of existing definitions of emotional labor, operational definition of teachers' emotional labor is given and questionnaire on emotional labor among primary and secondary school teachers is developed. Research results: exploratory factor analysis shows that teacher’s emotional labor involves three dimensions including surface acting, active deep acting and passive deep acting; the questionnaire has good reliability and validity; confirmatory factor analysis shows that emotional labor questionnaire involving three factors is established, which further verifies the validity of scale on emotional labor among primary and secondary school teachers.

Yanling Liu

2015-01-01

109

Calidad de vida y cicatrización en pacientes con úlceras de etiología venosa: Validación del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, versión española (CCVUQ-e y del Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, versión española (PUSH-e. Resultados preliminares Quality of life healing in patints with venous ulcers of etiology: Validation of Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, Spanish version (CCVUQ-e and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, Spanish version (PUSH-e. Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: en España no se dispone de instrumentos de medida específicos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS y de medida de la evolución hacia la cicatrización en pacientes con heridas crónicas, que hayan sido validados mediante la investigación. Disponer de estas herramientas ayudaría a la toma de decisiones y a aumentar la calidad de los cuidados con este tipo de pacientes. Así, los objetivos de este estudio son: a validar y establecer las propiedades psicométricas, en español, del Cuestionario Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e para medir CVRS en pacientes con úlceras venosas (UV y validar y establecer las propiedades clínico-métricas, en español, de la escala Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e en los mismos pacientes y b establecer cuál es la CVRS de los pacientes con UV de la muestra estudiada. Material y método: estudio prospectivo de validación de instrumentos, de medidas repetidas. Se estima una muestra de 105 pacientes seleccionados según el estándar internacional para validación de cuestionarios. Procedimiento: durante un periodo de seis semanas, los pacientes son estudiados cada dos semanas, recogiéndose variables relacionadas con la demografía, situación de la patología, úlceras, datos de la CVRS mediante el cuestionario CCVUQ-e y SF-12 V2, datos del tratamiento recibido y datos de cicatrización mediante la Escala PUSH-e. Análisis: cálculo de los indicadores psicométricos y clínicométricos para medir la validez, fiabilidad y sensibilidad al cambio de los instrumentos de medida. Estadística descriptiva de las variables estudiadas. Comparaciones entre las variables de resultado y las explicativas. Resultados: se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio con datos de 27 pacientes con UV. La muestra recoge todas las características típicas de los pacientes con UV. Preliminarmente, el CCUVQ-e presenta buena consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach > 0,80. La correlación entre el CCVUQ-e y el PUSH-e al inicio fue r = 0,49 (p Introduction: in Spain, there is no specific measurement instruments for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL and to measuring progress towards healing in patients with chronic wounds that have been validated by research. Having these tools will help the decision-making and improve the quality of care to these patients. Thus, the objectives of this study are: to validate and establish the psychometric properties in Spanish, for "Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e" to measure HRQOL in patients with venous ulcers (UV and to validate and establish Clinical-metric properties, in Spanish, for "Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e" in the same sample. And, to establish what is the HRQOL of patients in the study sample. Methods: prospective validation of instruments, with a repeated measures model. A estimated sample of 105 patients were selected according to international standard for validating questionnaires. Procedure: for a period of 6 weeks, patients were studied every 2 weeks, collecting variables related to demography, status of disease, ulcers, HRQOL data through the questionnaire CCVUQ-e and SF-12 V2, treatments and healing data trough PUSH-e. Analysis: calculation of psychometric indicators and metrics for measuring clinical validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of such instruments. Descriptive statistics of the variables studied. Comparisons of outcome variables. Results: preliminary results of the study with data from 27 patients with UV. The sample contains all the characteristics of patients with UV. Preliminarily, the CCUVQ-e shows good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.80. The correlation between CCVUQ-e and PUSH-e at baseline was r = 0.49 (P < 0.001 and at the end of the study was r = 0.64 (p = 0.006. Sensitivity to change of instruments, as with repeated measures model, is statistically significant (p < 0.001. Conclusions: preliminary results show, in both instruments, good psychometric and clinical metrics properties to measure HRQOL and evolution

Renata Virgina González-Consuegra

2011-09-01

110

Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC] and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA].Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.

2013-07-01

111

Diet History Questionnaire: International Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

ARP staff adapted the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) for use by Canadian populations in collaboration with the Alberta Cancer Board. This questionnaire takes into account the different food fortification polices of the US and Canada.

112

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

113

QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013  

CERN Document Server

CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

Association du personnel

2013-01-01

114

Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Good questionnaires are essential to support the early identification of children with psychosocial dysfunction in community based settings. Our aim was to assess which of three short questionnaires was most suitable for this identification among school-aged children Methods A community-based sample of 2,066 parents of children aged 7-12 years (85% of those eligible filled out the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL and - randomly determined - one of three questionnaires to be compared: the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire with Impact Supplement (SDQ, the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC and the PSYBOBA, a Dutch-origin questionnaire. Preventive Child Healthcare professionals assessed children's psychosocial functioning during routine health examinations. We assessed the scale structure (by means of Structural Equation Modelling, validity (correlation coefficients, sensitivity and specificity and usability (ratings by parents and professionals of each questionnaire and the degree to which they could improve the identification based only on clinical assessment (logistic regression. Results For the three questionnaires, Cronbach's alphas varied between 0.80 and 0.89. Sensitivities for a clinical CBCL at a cut off point with specificity = 0.90 varied between 0.78 and 0.86 for the three questionnaires. Areas under the Receiver Operating Curve, using the CBCL as criterion, varied between 0.93 and 0.96. No differences were statistically significant. All three questionnaires added information to the clinical assessment. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals for added information were PSC: 29.3 (14.4-59.8, SDQ: 55.0 (23.1-131.2 and PSYBOBA: 68.5 (28.3-165.6. Parents preferred the SDQ and PSYBOBA. Preventive Child Health Care professionals preferred the SDQ. Conclusions This randomized comparison of three questionnaires shows that each of the three questionnaires can improve the detection of psychosocial dysfunction among children substantially.

Hoekstra Femke

2009-12-01

115

Questionnaire Design for Student Measurement of Teaching Effectiveness.  

Science.gov (United States)

The design and use of questionnaires in course and faculty evaluation are discussed and the literature reviewed. Problems of questionnaire construction and interpretation of results are described and a questionnaire developed at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo is given as an example. (Author/MSE)

McBean, Edward A.; Al-Nassri, Sabah

1982-01-01

116

Calidad de vida y cicatrización en pacientes con úlceras de etiología venosa: Validación del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, versión española (CCVUQ-e) y del Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, versión española (PUSH-e). Resultados preliminares / Quality of life healing in patints with venous ulcers of etiology: Validation of Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, Spanish version (CCVUQ-e) and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, Spanish version (PUSH-e). Preliminary results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introducción: en España no se dispone de instrumentos de medida específicos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y de medida de la evolución hacia la cicatrización en pacientes con heridas crónicas, que hayan sido validados mediante la investigación. Disponer de estas herramientas ayud [...] aría a la toma de decisiones y a aumentar la calidad de los cuidados con este tipo de pacientes. Así, los objetivos de este estudio son: a) validar y establecer las propiedades psicométricas, en español, del Cuestionario Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e) para medir CVRS en pacientes con úlceras venosas (UV) y validar y establecer las propiedades clínico-métricas, en español, de la escala Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e) en los mismos pacientes y b) establecer cuál es la CVRS de los pacientes con UV de la muestra estudiada. Material y método: estudio prospectivo de validación de instrumentos, de medidas repetidas. Se estima una muestra de 105 pacientes seleccionados según el estándar internacional para validación de cuestionarios. Procedimiento: durante un periodo de seis semanas, los pacientes son estudiados cada dos semanas, recogiéndose variables relacionadas con la demografía, situación de la patología, úlceras, datos de la CVRS mediante el cuestionario CCVUQ-e y SF-12 V2, datos del tratamiento recibido y datos de cicatrización mediante la Escala PUSH-e. Análisis: cálculo de los indicadores psicométricos y clínicométricos para medir la validez, fiabilidad y sensibilidad al cambio de los instrumentos de medida. Estadística descriptiva de las variables estudiadas. Comparaciones entre las variables de resultado y las explicativas. Resultados: se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio con datos de 27 pacientes con UV. La muestra recoge todas las características típicas de los pacientes con UV. Preliminarmente, el CCUVQ-e presenta buena consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach > 0,80). La correlación entre el CCVUQ-e y el PUSH-e al inicio fue r = 0,49 (p Abstract in english Introduction: in Spain, there is no specific measurement instruments for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and to measuring progress towards healing in patients with chronic wounds that have been validated by research. Having these tools will help the decision-making and improve the quality of [...] care to these patients. Thus, the objectives of this study are: to validate and establish the psychometric properties in Spanish, for "Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e)" to measure HRQOL in patients with venous ulcers (UV) and to validate and establish Clinical-metric properties, in Spanish, for "Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e)" in the same sample. And, to establish what is the HRQOL of patients in the study sample. Methods: prospective validation of instruments, with a repeated measures model. A estimated sample of 105 patients were selected according to international standard for validating questionnaires. Procedure: for a period of 6 weeks, patients were studied every 2 weeks, collecting variables related to demography, status of disease, ulcers, HRQOL data through the questionnaire CCVUQ-e and SF-12 V2, treatments and healing data trough PUSH-e. Analysis: calculation of psychometric indicators and metrics for measuring clinical validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of such instruments. Descriptive statistics of the variables studied. Comparisons of outcome variables. Results: preliminary results of the study with data from 27 patients with UV. The sample contains all the characteristics of patients with UV. Preliminarily, the CCUVQ-e shows good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.80). The correlation between CCVUQ-e and PUSH-e at baseline was r = 0.49 (P

Renata Virgina, González-Consuegra; José, Verdú Soriano.

2011-09-01

117

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

118

Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion of validity was calculated against the diagnosis of another questionnaire already translated and validated into Greek (IDGP using kappa correlation coefficient. A factor analysis was also performed. Greek RDQ showed a high overall internal consistency (alpha value: 0.91 for individual comparison. All 8 items regarding heartburn and regurgitation, GERD, had good reproducibility (Cohen’s ? 0.60-0.79, while the remaining 4 items about dyspepsia had a moderate reproducibility (Cohen’s ?=’ 0.40-0.59 The kappa coefficient for criterion validity for GERD was rather poor (0.20, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36 and the overall agreement between the results of the RDQ questionnaire and those based on the IDGP questionnaire was 70.5%. Factor analysis indicated 3 factors with Eigenvalue over 1.0, and responsible for 76.91% of variance. Regurgitation items correlated more strongly with the third component but pain behind sternum and upper stomach pain correlated with the second component. The Greek version of RDQ seems to be a reliable and valid instrument following the pattern of the original questionnaire, and could be used in primary care research in Greece.

Christos Lionis

2012-07-01

119

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

120

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

121

RESULTS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE: ANALYSIS METHODS  

CERN Document Server

Five-yearly review of employment conditions   Article S V 1.02 of our Staff Rules states that the CERN “Council shall periodically review and determine the financial and social conditions of the members of the personnel. These periodic reviews shall consist of a five-yearly general review of financial and social conditions;” […] “following methods […] specified in § I of Annex A 1”. Then, turning to the relevant part in Annex A 1, we read that “The purpose of the five-yearly review is to ensure that the financial and social conditions offered by the Organization allow it to recruit and retain the staff members required for the execution of its mission from all its Member States. […] these staff members must be of the highest competence and integrity.” And for the menu of such a review we have: “The five-yearly review must include basic salaries and may include any other financial or soc...

Staff Association

2014-01-01

122

Reliability and validity of two frequently used self-administered physical activity questionnaires in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To create and find accurate and reliable instruments for the measurement of physical activity has been a challenge in epidemiological studies. We investigated the reliability and validity of two different physical activity questionnaires in 71 adolescents aged 13–18 years; the WHO, Health Behaviour in Schoolchildren (HBSC questionnaire, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, short version. Methods The questionnaires were administered twice (8–12 days apart to measure reliability. Validity was assessed by comparing answers from the questionnaires with a cardiorespiratory fitness test (VO2peak and seven days activity monitoring with the ActiReg, an instrument measuring physical activity level (PAL and total energy expenditure (TEE. Results Intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability for the WHO HBSC questionnaire were 0.71 for frequency and 0.73 for duration. For the frequency question, there was a significant difference between genders; 0.87 for girls and 0.59 for boys (p 2peak were fair, ranging between 0.29 – 0.39. The WHO HBSC questionnaire measured against VO2peak for girls were acceptable, ranging between 0.30 – 0.55. Both questionnaires, except the walking question in IPAQ, showed a low correlation with PAL and TEE, ranging between 0.01 and 0.29. Conclusion These data indicate that the WHO HBSC questionnaire had substantial reliability and were acceptable instrument for measuring cardiorespiratory fitness, especially among girls. None of the questionnaires however seemed to be a valid instrument for measuring physical activity compared to TEE and PAL in adolescents.

Kurtze Nanna

2008-07-01

123

Unique treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan. Results of a questionnaire distributed to members of the Japanese Society of Thyroid Surgery and the International Association of Endocrine Surgeons  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although surgery has been the mainstay of treatment for patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer, the extents of thyroid resection and lymph node dissection adopted in Japan differ from those in other countries. Furthermore, regarding the indications for postoperative radiation therapy and hormonal therapy, and treatment modalities for cancer recurrence, there are marked discrepancies between Japan and other countries. A questionnaire survey was thus conducted among domestic and overseas thyroid surgeons to ascertain the actual treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan and various foreign countries. For small papillary carcinomas of 2.0 cm or less (T1), thyroid resection was more extensive in foreign countries than in Japan, although the extent of lymph node dissection was limited in the former. For large papillary carcinomas exceeding 3.0 cm (T2), on the other hand, total thyroidectomy was the treatment of first choice for all overseas respondents, but of only 20% in Japan, despite lymph node dissection being more extensive in Japan than in other countries. Overseas surgeons were much more likely to favor postoperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy and high-dose 131I therapy. For recurrence following surgery for papillary thyroid cancer, both domestic and overseas respondents indicated surgical resection to be the most common treatment option, and favored high-dose 131I therapy as well. In Jdose 131I therapy as well. In Japan, however, high-dose 131I therapy is available only in a few institutions. Such limited indications for high-dose 131I therapy in Japan may reflect a discrepancy in the frequency of total thyroidectomy, a prerequisite for postoperative high-dose 131I therapy, between Japan and other countries. This is the first questionnaire study conducted in both Japan and other countries in relation to treatment modalities for thyroid cancer. The results reveal that there is a clear disparity in treatment policies between Japan and foreign countries. (author)

124

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

125

[Development and validation of the Reality-Monitoring Error Experience Questionnaire].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study developed a valid and reliable questionnaire measuring individual differences in reality-monitoring error experiences in everyday life. A 50-item preliminary questionnaire was constructed on the basis of the findings from a pilot diary study. In study 1, we administered the questionnaire to 316 undergraduates, along with a dissociative experience scale to examine criterion-referenced validity. Using factor analysis, we obtained the 32-item Reality-Monitoring Error Experience Questionnaire (RMEEQ). A significant positive correlation was found between scores on the RMEEQ and the dissociative experience scale, thereby which indicates the RMEEQ's criterion-referenced validity. In Study 2, we examined the test-retest reliability of the RMEEQ by administering it to 66 undergraduates on two occasions separated by three weeks. We found a significant test-retest correlation. Taken together, these results show that the RMEEQ is a valid and reliable measure of reality-monitoring error experiences in everyday life. PMID:25016837

Nakata, Eriko; Morita, Taisuke

2014-06-01

126

Development of a Diagnostic Complexity Questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The HRP human error analysis project has for some time been investigating what makes certain fault scenarios difficult for operators. One line of research has been to develop a questionnaire to measure diagnostic complexity. This report concerns some theoretical and experimental work underpinning the development of the questionnaire. A study of the literature reviewed the factors or components thought to contribute to difficulty in diagnosing and problem-solving. Two experimental studies of complexity were carried out using two versions of a questionnaire based on the review. The studies were simulator based, using scenarios designed to be diagnostically challenging. A factor-analytic approach to the analysis of the study data was suggested in the literature review. This is reported here (together with other analyses) though the factor analysis did not produce so clear results as was hoped. The present analysis found no clear factor structure with the first version of the complexity questionnaire used in experiment I. Partly because of this result, a factor-analytic approach to a second version of the questionnaire used in experiment II was not considered appropriate. A descriptive and qualitative analysis of the two questionnaire studies and a synthesis of the results from them both was promising. There were indications of components of complexity and some indications of what contributes to a personal perception of high or low diagnostic difficulty in fault scenariosw diagnostic difficulty in fault scenarios. Components adding to diagnostic difficulty were tentatively named 'severity', 'need for co-operation', 'stress' and 'spread of changes'. Components not adding to difficulty were 'directness of indications', 'familiarity' and 'lack of stress'. There was some evidence of different responses to these components in a comparison of rule-based vs. knowledge-based diagnostic scenarios. These findings and experience with analysis techniques will feed into the design of further work on the human error analysis project. (author)

127

Investigation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Questionnaire Validity and Reliability CFS (DSQ Revised  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available   Background and Aim : Diagnostic tools for chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, created for research and clinical investigations in order to use it as a management tool for monitoring patients with this syndrome. The questionnaire is very comprehensive using a self-reporting system and all internal and external definitions according to the America's Center for Disease Control has been covered. It also assesses current and past activity levels and symptoms of fatigue and malaise after routine daily activities to ensure that these items are evaluated as well. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of diagnostic questionnaire for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS.   Materials and Methods : In the discussion of content validity and reliability of survey studies, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, prepared by the Department of Psychology, DePaul University, and was elected a full copy of the correspondence received from the questionnaire ratings. The questionnaire that was translated content validity was assessed by the 20 members of the faculty. However, re-translated from Persian into English for reference, was prepared with modifications, the validity of its validity was confirmed by the authors. Then, 30 nurses were selected to determine the reliability of the questionnaire chronic fatigue syndrome who was working in a Hospital. Inventory management under center and full justification of the researcher and the participants in the study by researchers at the distribution has been completed. The survey was carried out again after 15 days.   Results: The instrument showed good reliability and validity. In discussing the content validity of the Persian translation tool by 20 people associated professor of internal review, and its content validity was determined with respect to two of CVI and the results of CVR , and (CVR=0.7 and CVI=0.85 represents CREDIT the content is good . According to the results, the reliability of the questionnaire CFS, Cronbach's alpha to assess the results of the questionnaire showed very good reliability. Two step test reliability coefficients (ICC = Mixed & and Confidence Interval = 95% also showed a significant relationship among questions as well. However, the internal correlation coefficient obtained for the 8 criteria CFS, showed high internal cohesion.   Conclusion: This study suggests the CFS questionnaire as a reliable instrument for all levels in research and clinical applications. Using this tool can help with background checks and even in advanced levels to be effective, it has enough power and accuracy in the diagnosis of CFS sufferers.

Mohsen Haddadi

2014-05-01

128

Assessing perceptions about hazardous substances (PATHS): the PATHS questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

How people perceive the nature of a hazardous substance may determine how they respond when potentially exposed to it. We tested a new Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances (PATHS) questionnaire. In Study 1 (N = 21), we assessed the face validity of items concerning perceptions about eight properties of a hazardous substance. In Study 2 (N = 2030), we tested the factor structure, reliability and validity of the PATHS questionnaire across four qualitatively different substances. In Study 3 (N = 760), we tested the impact of information provision on Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances scores. Our results showed that our eight measures demonstrated good reliability and validity when used for non-contagious hazards. PMID:23104995

Rubin, G James; Amlôt, Richard; Page, Lisa; Pearce, Julia; Wessely, Simon

2013-08-01

129

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases -- a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the "Revised Faces Pain Scale" (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years.

Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

2013-01-01

130

MIDAS questionnaire in the emergency setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Migraine is a common disorder and is a major cause of disability and loss of working performance in western countries. Therefore, many tools have been developed to assess migraine related disability. Among these, the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire has been shown to be of particular interest, as it is valid, reliable and useful for therapeutic decisions. In this pilot study, we address the validity of the MIDAS questionnaire in an unselected population of migraine patients in the emergency setting. We found that the MIDAS scores in the emergency room were similar to those collected in a specialised headache centre. This result suggests that the MIDAS questionnaire could be reliably used in the emergency setting, hence avoiding unnecessary delays in the treatment of migraine patients. PMID:15549558

Aliprandi, A; Frigerio, R; Santoro, P; Frigo, M; Iurlaro, S; Vaccaro, M; Tremolizzo, L; Beghi, E; Ferrarese, C; Agostoni, E

2004-10-01

131

Síntomas del tracto urinario inferior en la mujer y afectación de la calidad de vida: Resultados de la aplicación del King´s Health Questionnaire / Lower urinary tract symptoms in women and impact on quality of life: Results of the application of the king's health questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: La auto-evaluación de la calidad de vida (CV) de las mujeres con síntomas urinarios puede ayudar a decidir la estrategia de tratamiento más adecuada en cada caso. Método: Estudio epidemiológico, observacional, transversal y multicéntrico de 674 mujeres que acudieron a una consulta de gin [...] ecología con síntomas sugestivos de Vejiga Hiperactiva, con o sin incontinencia urinaria(IU). Todas ellas cumplimentaron por escrito el King's Health Questionnaire(KHQ). Además se recogieron datos sociodemográficos y un registro de los síntomas urinarios de la dimensión de síntomas del KHQ y el grado de afectación que producían. Resultados: Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron "aumento de frecuencia miccional" (612 mujeres-90,8%), seguido de "urgencia" (562-83,4%), "nocturia" (543-80,6%) e "IU de Esfuerzo" (535-79,4%). Los síntomas "frecuencia", "nocturia", "urgencia" e "IU por urgencia" fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres de 65 o más años y el de "IU de esfuerzo" en las menores de esa edad (79,8% vs 77,9%). 210 mujeres no cumplimentaron todas las dimensiones del KHQ, siendo las menos contestadas: "Limitaciones Físicas"(35,7%), "Relaciones Personales"(29,5%), "Limitaciones Sociales"(29%) e "Impacto de la IU"(28,6%). La puntuación total del KHQ fue 38,3 (DE=19,2). Las mayores puntuaciones (peor CV) corresponden a "Impacto de la IU", "Afectación por Problemas Urinarios", "Limitaciones Físicas" y "Limitaciones en las Actividades Cotidianas". Las variables asociadas a la puntuación global del KHQ fueron (regresión lineal múltiple): edad, IMC, IU por urgencia, IU en el acto sexual, infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias y otros problemas urinarios. Conclusiones: La afectación de la CV en las mujeres con síntomas urinarios es importante. Los síntomas que más contribuyen a la afectación de la CV son la "IU en el acto sexual", la "IU de urgencia" y las "infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias". Abstract in english Background: The self-assessment of quality of life (QoL) of women with urinary symptoms may help in selecting the best treatment in each case. Method: Epidemiologic, observational, cross-sectional and multicentric study of 674 women who underwent to a gynecology unit with symptoms suggesting Overact [...] ive Bladder, with or without urinary incontinence(UI). All women fill out the King's Health Questionnaire. Sociodemographic data and a complete register of urinary symptoms and the degree of afectation which caused, were also collected. Results: Most frequent symptoms were "frequency" (612 women-90.8%), followed by "urgency" (562-83.4%), "nocturia" (543-80.6%) and "stres UI" (535-79.4%). Symptoms of "frecuency", "nocturia", "urgency" and "urgency UI" were more frequent in women aged 65 or under 65 years and that of "stress UI", in women over 65 years (79.8% vs 77.9%). 210 women did not fill out all the KHQ dimensions, mainly "Personal Limitations", "Personal Relationship", "Social limitations" and "Incontinence Impact". Global KHQ score was38.3 (SD=19.2). Higher scores (worse QoL) corresponded to "Incontinence Impact", "Severity Measures", "Personal Limitations" and "Role Limitations". Variables associated to global KHQ score were (multiple linear regression): age, BMI, urgency UI, UI in sexual intercourse, frequent urinary infections. Conclusions: QoL impact in women with urinary symptoms is important. The symptoms with higher association with QoL are: UI in sexual intercourse, urgency UI and frequent urinary infections.

M., Espuña Pons; M., Puig Clota.

2006-08-01

132

Prodromal Questionnaire: translation, adaptation to Portuguese and preliminary results in ultra-high risk individuals and first episode psychosis / Questionário Prodromal: tradução, adaptação para o português e resultados preliminares em indivíduos de ultra-alto risco e primeiro episódio psicótico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O Questionário Prodromal (PQ) é um instrumento de triagem e autorrelato com 92 itens para indivíduos com ultra-alto risco (UHR) para desenvolver psicose. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a tradução desse questionário para português e seus resultados preliminares em uma amostra bras [...] ileira de UHR e primeiro episódio (FE) psicótico. MÉTODOS: O PQ foi traduzido do inglês para o português por dois pesquisadores bilíngues do programa de pesquisa sobre psicose precoce do Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brasil (ASAS "Avaliação e Acompanhamento de Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos em São Paulo") e retrotraduzido por dois outros pesquisadores. Os participantes (n = 11) do estudo foram avaliados por meio da versão em português do Questionário de Prodromal (PQ) e SIPS. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos com UHR (n = 7) apresentaram menor pontuação do que os pacientes de primeiro episódio (n = 4). Os escores médios e desvio-padrão dos indivíduos de UHR na versão em português do PQ foram: 13,0 ± 10,0 pontos na subescala de sintomas positivos, e dos pacientes de primeiro episódio: 33,0 ± 10,0. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo os indivíduos de UHR e pacientes de FE apresentaram pontuação do PQ semelhantes às encontradas na literatura, o que sugere a possibilidade de usar a PQ como um instrumento de triagem em indivíduos brasileiros que apresentam comportamento de procura de ajuda. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) is a 92-item self-report screening tool for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) to develop psychosis. This study aims to present the translation to Portuguese and preliminary results in UHR and first episode (FE) psychosis in a Portuguese sample. METHODS: [...] The PQ was translated from English to Portuguese by two bilingual researchers from the research program on early psychosis of the Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil (ASAS - "Evaluation and Follow up of Adolescents and Young Adults in São Paulo") and back translated by two other researchers. The study participants (n = 11-) were evaluated through the Portuguese version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and SIPS. RESULTS: The individuals at UHR (n = 7) presented a lower score than first episode patients (n = 4). The UHR mean scores and standard deviation on Portuguese version of the PQ were: 13.0 ± 10.0 points on positive symptoms subscale, and FE patients: 33.0 ± 10.0. CONCLUSION: The UHR and FE patients' of this study presented PQ scores similar to the ones found in the literature; what suggests that it is possible to use the PQ in Brazilian help-seeking individuals as a screening tool.

Priscila Dib, Gonçalves; Paula Andreia, Martins; Pedro, Gordon; Mário, Louzã.

133

Assessing the influence of actinic keratosis on patients' quality of life - The AKQoL questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge is available regarding quality of life in patients with actinic keratosis (AK). OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a disease-specific questionnaire - the Actinic Keratosis Quality of Life questionnaire (AKQoL) - to assess the quality of life of patients with AK. METHODS: Based on an extensive literature search and patient interviews, the AKQoL was developed in a stepwise approach. An initial mega-questionnaire was composed and subsequently shortened based on statistical differences between patients and controls. A test-retest was done to establish the reliability and to refine the items further. Rasch analyses were performed on the final questionnaire. RESULTS: Initially, 175 items were tested in a mega-questionnaire. The questionnaires were sent out twice and statistical analyses were made, reducing the number of questions to 18 and 10, respectively. Subsequent inter-item correlations showed that one item had only a weak correlation to the rest of the scale. This was confirmed by the Rasch model and by internal consistency as evaluated by Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Only one item was found to provide a small sex difference. A Bland-Altman plot showed excellent reliability. Items are scored on a standard 4-point Likert scale and summarized in a total score of maximum 27 points. A higher score indicates greater quality of life impairment. CONCLUSIONS: A nine-item questionnaire for patients with AK was developed. The AKQoL has three domains covering emotions, function and control and one single global item. The questionnaire's scale structure, the content and face validity, and the reliability have been established.

Esmann, S; Vinding, G R

2013-01-01

134

Developing a precise questionnaire to elucidate risk factors and injury pattern in RTA victims  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a growing public health issue. Despite good numbers of traffic legislations/ law/bye-laws/ regulations/ policies at the national/ state level and various safety measures to prevent road accidents/ mishaps, awareness remains comparatively low in India. Till date no questionnaire has been suitably developed, standardized and positivised for determining association of causality with injury pattern and severity score. Objective: To design and develop a précised survey questionnaire determining association of causality with injury pattern along with severity score in RTA victims.  Methodology: Till date no such study has been ventured which has observed the inter relationship of these factors resulting in a specific injury. Designed questionnaire was based on literature review, and updated several times to ensure the precision and agreement with the help of institutional trauma expert team. As a pilot study, 30 RTA victims admitted in trauma centre of KG Medical University were enrolled and designed questionnaire was tested for easiness and doubts. The results were thoroughly analyzed for item difficulty, precision and internal consistency. Results: A significant agreement of question pertaining to speed (k=0.99, CI=0.95, visibility (k=0.87, alcohol (k=0.65 in the questionnaire. Questions related to environment, driver, vehicle and road factors show a significant consistency (p>0.05 as cause of accidents. Test of agreements done by Kappa showed in variables having value more than 0.60 except few variables. Discussion: The designed questionnaire is precise, reasonably reliable in perfect agreement. This questionnaire should emerge a useful tool in determining the association of risk factors with injury pattern and severity. 

RK Singh

2013-12-01

135

Laboratory tests for measurement of von Willebrand factor show poor agreement among different centers: results from the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme for Blood Coagulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In recognition of the importance of von Willebrand factor (vWF) testing in the diagnosis of von Willebrand disease (vWD), the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme for Blood Coagulation regularly distributes samples for determination of vWF:antigen (vWF:Ag). Data from 10 separate surveys performed between 2001 and 2005 are reviewed. These include results from ~200 different centers, of which 55% are within the United Kingdom and the remainder are from other countries. During the period of the surveys, the use of immunoelectrophoresis for determination of vWF:Ag practically disappeared and was largely replaced by latex agglutination assays. The coefficient of variation (CV) of results in different centers was approximately 15 to 20% for most vWF:Ag techniques, with CVs of approximately 7% for a fluorescence-based assay. Several different techniques were used for determination of vWF ristocetin cofactor activity (vWF:RCo), all of which were associated with poor agreement among centers as indicated by CVs of 40 to 50%. Several centers calculated the ratio of vWF:Ag/vWF:RCo but with variable success. Ratios compatible with either type 1 or type 2 vWD were obtained on samples from subjects with type 1 vWD, as well as on samples from subjects with genetically confirmed type 2 vWD. Overall, our data show that laboratory testing for vWD remains problematic. It remains to be seen whether newer techniques will offer consistently improved precision. PMID:16862522

Kitchen, Steve; Jennings, Ion; Woods, Tim A L; Kitchen, Dianne P; Walker, Isobel D; Preston, Francis E

2006-07-01

136

Sleep in Wilson?s disease: Questionnaire based study  

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Full Text Available Objective: We proposed to detect sleep abnormalities in Wilson?s disease, (WD using sleep questionnaires. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients (M:F = 18:7; age: 24.4 ± 9.2 years with WD and 24 controls (all males; age: 33.1 ± 9.7 years were recruited. They underwent phenotypic/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI evaluation followed by administration of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS questionnaires. Results: The mean age at presentation and diagnosis was 24.4 ± 9.2 and 17.6 ± 7.5 years, respectively. The duration of illness at diagnosis was 14 ± 21.9 months. On PSQI, 15 patients with WD had abnormal PSQI scores of >5 as compared to 6 patients among the controls. The mean PSQI score was significantly more (P = 0.03 in patients compared to the controls. The PSQI worst scores were noted only in WD. Evaluation with ESS showed that three patients with WD scored >10/24, while two among the controls qualified for excessive daytime sleepiness. Overall, assessment by sleep questionnaires detected abnormality in 16 patients with WD as compared to 8 controls (P = 0.004. Subgroup analysis revealed that patients whose duration of illness was >8 years and who were on decoppering treatment had significantly lesser excessive daytime somnolence. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances were observed more often in WD than in controls. Better designed studies will provide a better understanding.

Netto Archana

2011-01-01

137

Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and the Singapore prospective study program physical activity questionnaire in a multiethnic urban Asian population  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Physical activity patterns of a population remain mostly assessed by the questionnaires. However, few physical activity questionnaires have been validated in Asian populations. We previously utilized a combination of different questionnaires to assess leisure time, transportation, occupational and household physical activity in the Singapore Prospective Study Program (SP2. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ has been developed for a similar purpose. In this study, we compared estimates from these two questionnaires with an objective measure of physical activity in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Methods Physical activity was measured in 152 Chinese, Malay and Asian Indian adults using an accelerometer over five consecutive days, including a weekend. Participants completed both the physical activity questionnaire in SP2 (SP2PAQ and IPAQ long form. 43subjects underwent a second set of measurements on average 6 months later to assess reproducibility of the questionnaires and the accelerometer measurements. Spearman correlations were used to evaluate validity and reproducibility and correlations for validity were corrected for within-person variation of accelerometer measurements. Agreement between the questionnaires and the accelerometer measurements was also evaluated using Bland Altman plots. Results The corrected correlation with accelerometer estimates of energy expenditure from physical activity was better for the SP2PAQ (vigorous activity: r = 0.73; moderate activity: r = 0.27 than for the IPAQ (vigorous activity: r = 0.31; moderate activity: r = 0.15. For moderate activity, the corrected correlation between SP2PAQ and the accelerometer was higher for Chinese (r = 0.38 and Malays (r = 0.57 than for Indians (r = -0.09. Both questionnaires overestimated energy expenditure from physical activity to a greater extent at higher levels of physical activity than at lower levels of physical activity. The reproducibility for moderate activity (accelerometer: r = 0.68; IPAQ: r = 0.58; SP2PAQ: r = 0.55 and vigorous activity (accelerometer: 0.52; IPAQ: r = 0.38; SP2PAQ: r = 0.75 was moderate to high for all instruments. Conclusion The agreement between IPAQ and accelerometer measurements of energy expenditure from physical activity was poor in our Asian study population. The SP2PAQ showed good validity and reproducibility for vigorous activity, but performed less well for moderate activity particularly in Indians. Further effort is needed to develop questionnaires that better capture moderate activity in Asian populations.

Tai E Shyong

2011-10-01

138

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE  

CERN Multimedia

ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

Françoise Benz

2004-01-01

139

Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ: Development and validation  

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Full Text Available Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ, a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA was run on an initial set of 75 items (N=305. Based on this analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was then conducted on a second sample (N=505 with a refined 23-item scale. This analysis was used to test a six-factor structure, which resulted in good model fit (CFI=.96, RSMEA=.07. The factors represent six subscales of social reward defined as follows: Admiration; Negative Social Potency; Passivity; Prosocial Interactions; Sexual Reward; and Sociability. All subscales demonstrated good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Each subscale also showed a distinct pattern of associations with external correlates measuring personality traits, attitudes and goals, thus demonstrating construct validity. Taken together, the findings suggest that the SRQ is a reliable, valid measure that can be used to assess individual differences in the value experienced from different social rewards.

LucyFoulkes

2014-03-01

140

The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: translation and validation study of the Iranian version  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 in Iran. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian (Iranian language. Then a sample of young people aged 18 to 25 years old completed the questionnaire. In addition, a short questionnaire containing demographic questions and a single measure of global quality of life was administered. To test reliability the internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Validity was performed using convergent validity. Finally, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing principal component analysis using oblique factor solution. Results In all 748 young people entered into the study. The mean age of respondents was 21.1 (SD = 2.1 years. Employing the recommended method of scoring (ranging from 0 to 12, the mean GHQ score was 3.7 (SD = 3.5. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory result (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.87. Convergent validity indicated a significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and global quality of life scores as expected (r = -0.56, P Conclusion The study findings showed that the Iranian version of the GHQ-12 has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used for measuring psychological well being in Iran.

Garmaroudi Gholamreza

2003-11-01

141

Identification of multiple intelligences with the Multiple Intelligence Profiling Questionnaire III  

OpenAIRE

In this study, we present the latest version of the Multiple Intelligences Profiling Questionnaire (MIPQ III) that is based on Howard Gardner’s (e.g., 1983, 1999) MI theory. The operationalization of nine MI scales is tested with an empirical sample of Finnish preadolescents and adults (n = 410). Results of the internal consistency analysis show that the nine MIPQ III dimensions have satisfactory reliability coefficients with the sample. Results of the interscale correlation analysis show t...

KIRSI TIRRI; PETRI NOKELAINEN

2008-01-01

142

Narcotics Center Questionnaire (Spring 1969).  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 115 items (multiple choice, yes/no, agree/disagree, or completion) deal with personal and demographic data, general attitudes, attitudes toward institutions (police, American business, Army, etc.),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

143

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

144

Validation of the Adolescent Meta-cognition Questionnaire Version  

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Full Text Available Background: The role and importance of meta-cognitive beliefs in creating and retaining of anxiety disorders were explained initially in meta-cognitive theory. The purpose of this study was to validate the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire-Adolescent version (MCQ-A in normal Iranian people and compare of meta-cognitive beliefs between adolescents with anxiety disorders and normal individuals.Materials and Method: This was a standardized study. First of all, the original version was translated into Persian then administered to 204 (101 boys and 103 girls adolescent aged 13 through 17 years. Theyhave been clustered randomly. They were selected from the schools of Isfahan, together with mood and feelings questionnaire and revised children's manifest anxiety scale. In order to assess reliability, method of internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficient was used, and also in order to assess validity, convergent validity, criterion validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: The results of correlation coefficient of convergent validity showed a relation between total score of (MCQ-A and its components with anxiety and depression except cognitive self-consciousness. Data were indicative of appropriate level of Coranbach’s alpha and split-half reliability coefficients of the MCQ-A and extracted factors. The results of factor analysis by principle components analysis and using varimax rotation showed 5 factors that account for 0.45% of the variance. Conclusion: MCQ-A has satisfactory psychometric properties in Iranian people

Kazem Khoramdel

2012-03-01

145

Schooling of the patients and clinical application of questionnaires in osteoarthitis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the consistency of the questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS, SF 36-PCS and SF 36-MCS) when applied in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees (KOA) verifying if age and level of education interfere with the completion of the questionnaires. Method: One hundred and two [...] patients with KOA answered WOMAC, LESQUESNE, VAS and SF-36 questionnaires and provided data correlated with age and education. The internal consistency of the WOMAC questionnaire was verified with Cronbach's alpha. Pearson's correlations between the questionnaires, age and educational level was performed. Results: Mean age was 65 years old. Schooling averaged 7.94 years; WOMAC 47.95; VAS 63.57; Lequesne 12.29; PCS and MCS 31.91 43.68. Cronbach's alpha for WOMAC 0.9. Education did not affect WOMAC response (r=-0.182, p = 0.067) and MCS (r=0.021 / p=0.835), but showed weak but significant correlation with VAS (r=-0.264 / p=0.007), Lequesne (r=0.277, p=0.005) and PCS (r=0.309/ p=0.002). Age showed significant direct correlation only with PCS (r=0.205, p=0.039). Conclusion: The level of education does not interfere with the completion of WOMAC but may interfere with completing VAS, Lequesne and physical component of SF-36. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective Study.

Gustavo Constantino De, Campos; Marcelo Tomio, Kohara; Marcia Uchoa, Rezende; Olga Fugiko Magashima, Santana; Merilu Marins, Moreira; Olavo Pires De, Camargo.

2014-10-01

146

Storytelling Slide Shows to Improve Diabetes and High Blood Pressure Knowledge and Self-Efficacy: Three-Year Results among Community Dwelling Older African Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

This study combined the African American tradition of oral storytelling with the Hispanic medium of "Fotonovelas." A staggered pretest posttest control group design was used to evaluate four Storytelling Slide Shows on health that featured community members. A total of 212 participants were recruited for the intervention and 217 for the…

Bertera, Elizabeth M.

2014-01-01

147

Validación del "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para población colombiana  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Propósito: validar el "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para el uso en población clínica colombiana, obtener una versión en español que tenga equivalencia trans-lingüística y evaluar la fiabilidad, sensibilidad al cambio, validez de contenido y de constructo del instrumento traducido y adaptado [...] al español. Métodos: estudio observacional de validación de una escala en 205 pacientes colombianos con patología de mano asistentes a las consultas de cirugía plástica, rehabilitación y reumatología en un Hospital Universitario de referencia regional. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales mostró seis dominios. A pesar de tener el mismo número de dominios, el contenido de algunos de ellos fue diferente a las subescalas originales. Se evaluó la consistencia interna incluyendo los 37 ítems de la escala original y se obtuvo un valor de Alfa de Cronbach de 0,92. Todas las subescalas tenían buena reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba excepto dolor. Al evaluar los resultados de la escala, tres y seis meses después de su primera aplicación, se pudo observar que había diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total y en la de cada una de las subescalas. Conclusiones: la versión en español para Colombia del “Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire” tiene buena confiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. La evaluación de consistencia interna indicó que la escala podría ser acortada y posiblemente mejoren aún más sus propiedades psicométricas. Abstract in english Purpose: to validate the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for its use in Colombian clinical population: to translate and adapt the scale in order to obtain a cross-linguistically equivalent version in Spanish, and to assess the reliability, sensitivity to change, and content and construct validi [...] ty of the Colombian Spanish version. Methods: observational study to validate a scale in 205 Colombian patients of plastic surgery, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in a University Hospital, who had a hand disorder. Results: the principal component analysis showed six domains, as in the original questionnaire, but the content of some of them differed from the original MHQ scales. We assessed internal consistency of the entire 37-item original scale, and Cronbach’s alpha was of 0,92. All scales had good test-retest reproducibility, except for the Pain scale. Upon evaluation of the results of the scale three and six months after its first application, significant differences could be observed in the total score as well as in the scores for each of the scales. Conclusions: the Colombian Spanish version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire has good reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. Assessment of internal consistency indicated that the scale could be reduced and its psychometric properties would possibly improve.

David, Miranda; Jorge, Ramírez; Liliana, Rueda; Jenny, García; Germán, Wolf; Luz Helena, Lugo A.

2008-10-01

148

Validación del "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para población colombiana  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Propósito: validar el "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para el uso en población clínica colombiana, obtener una versión en español que tenga equivalencia trans-lingüística y evaluar la fiabilidad, sensibilidad al cambio, validez de contenido y de constructo del instrumento traducido y adaptado al español. Métodos: estudio observacional de validación de una escala en 205 pacientes colombianos con patología de mano asistentes a las consultas de cirugía plástica, rehabilitación y reumatología en un Hospital Universitario de referencia regional. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales mostró seis dominios. A pesar de tener el mismo número de dominios, el contenido de algunos de ellos fue diferente a las subescalas originales. Se evaluó la consistencia interna incluyendo los 37 ítems de la escala original y se obtuvo un valor de Alfa de Cronbach de 0,92. Todas las subescalas tenían buena reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba excepto dolor. Al evaluar los resultados de la escala, tres y seis meses después de su primera aplicación, se pudo observar que había diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total y en la de cada una de las subescalas. Conclusiones: la versión en español para Colombia del “Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire” tiene buena confiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. La evaluación de consistencia interna indicó que la escala podría ser acortada y posiblemente mejoren aún más sus propiedades psicométricas.Purpose: to validate the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for its use in Colombian clinical population: to translate and adapt the scale in order to obtain a cross-linguistically equivalent version in Spanish, and to assess the reliability, sensitivity to change, and content and construct validity of the Colombian Spanish version. Methods: observational study to validate a scale in 205 Colombian patients of plastic surgery, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in a University Hospital, who had a hand disorder. Results: the principal component analysis showed six domains, as in the original questionnaire, but the content of some of them differed from the original MHQ scales. We assessed internal consistency of the entire 37-item original scale, and Cronbach’s alpha was of 0,92. All scales had good test-retest reproducibility, except for the Pain scale. Upon evaluation of the results of the scale three and six months after its first application, significant differences could be observed in the total score as well as in the scores for each of the scales. Conclusions: the Colombian Spanish version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire has good reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. Assessment of internal consistency indicated that the scale could be reduced and its psychometric properties would possibly improve.

David Miranda

2008-10-01

149

Development of a self-administered questionnaire to screen patients for cervical myelopathy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In primary care, it is often difficult to diagnose cervical myelopathy. However, a delay in treatment could cause irreversible aftereffects. With a brief and effective self-administered questionnaire for cervical myelopathy, cervical myelopathy may be screened more easily and oversight may be avoided. As there is presently no screening tool for cervical myelopathy, the aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire for the screening of cervical myelopathy. Methods A case-control study was performed with the following two groups at our university hospital from February 2006 to September 2008. Sixty-two patients (48 men, 14 women with cervical myelopathy who underwent operative treatment were included in the myelopathy group. In the control group, 49 patients (20 men, 29 women with symptoms that could be distinguished from those of cervical myelopathy, such as numbness, pain in the upper extremities, and manual clumsiness, were included. The underlying conditions were diagnosed as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, diabetes mellitus neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and neuralgic amyotrophy. Twenty items for a questionnaire in this study were chosen from the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, which is a new self-administered questionnaire, as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis using the chi-square test and by multiple logistic regression analysis. According to the resulting odds ratio, ?-coefficients, and p value, items were chosen and assigned a score. Results Eight items were chosen by univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and assigned a score. The Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic showed p = 0.805. The area under the receiver operation characteristic curve was 0.86. The developed questionnaire had a sensitivity of 93.5% and a specificity of 67.3%. Conclusions We successfully developed a simple self-administered questionnaire to screen for cervical myelopathy.

Sekiguchi Yasufumi

2010-11-01

150

Harm reduction measures and injecting inside prison versus mandatory drugs testing: results of a cross sectional anonymous questionnaire survey. The European Commission Network on HIV Infection and Hepatitis in Prison.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: (a) To determine both the frequency of injecting inside prison and use of sterilising tablets to clean needles in the previous four weeks; (b) to assess the efficiency of random mandatory drugs testing at detecting prisoners who inject heroin inside prison; (c) to determine the percentage of prisoners who had been offered vaccination against hepatitis B. DESIGN: Cross sectional willing anonymous salivary HIV surveillance linked to a self completion risk factor questionnaire. SETTI...

Bird, A. G.; Gore, S. M.; Hutchinson, S. J.; Lewis, S. C.; Cameron, S.; Burns, S.

1997-01-01

151

Validation of the Falls Efficacy Scale and Falls Efficacy Scale International in geriatric patients with and without cognitive impairment: results of self-report and interview-based questionnaires  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Frail, old patients with and without cognitive impairment are at high risk of falls and associated medical and psychosocial issues. The lack of adequate, validated instruments has partly hindered research in this field. So far no questionnaire documenting fall-related self-efficacy/fear of falling has been validated for older persons with cognitive impairment or for different administration methods such as self-report or interview.

Hauer, Kristiane; Yardley, L

2010-01-01

152

An empirical comparison of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) in a clinical trial setting  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: The Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) are the two most widely used quality of life questionnaires in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study was undertaken to compare directly the self-administered version of the CRQ and the SGRQ with respect to feasibility, internal consistency, validity, and sensitivity to changes resulting from b...

Rutten-van Mo?lken, M. P. M. H.; Roos, B.; Noord, J. A.

1999-01-01

153

Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all of male athletes working in Iran’s Futsal premier league, and 144 questionnaires returned at last. In this research, the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the validity of structure after assessing the validity of content and convergent validity (average variance extracted. And, to evaluate the combinational reliability, Cronbach’s Alpha was used. Moreover, the applications SPSS and PLS-Graph were used to analyze data. The results of exploratory factor analysis indicated that five factors were explained by 69.10% of variance, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was measured 85.5%. The reliability of the questionnaire was reported to be 91% and 93% based on Cronbach’s Alpha and combinational reliability, respectively. Given the fact that the validity and reliability indexes of questionnaire have all been reported to be in a satisfactory condition, this questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure organizational citizenship behavior and its dimensions.

Hamid Sarani

2014-07-01

154

Childbirth experience questionnaire (CEQ: development and evaluation of a multidimensional instrument  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Negative experiences of first childbirth increase risks for maternal postpartum depression and may negatively affect mothers' attitudes toward future pregnancies and choice of delivery method. Postpartum questionnaires assessing mothers' childbirth experiences are needed to aid in identifying mothers in need of support and counselling and in isolating areas of labour and birth management and care potentially in need of improvement. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a questionnaire for assessing different aspects of first-time mothers' childbirth experiences. Methods Childbirth domains were derived from literature searches, discussions with experienced midwives and interviews with first-time mothers. A draft version of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ was pilot tested for face validity among 25 primiparous women. The revised questionnaire was mailed one month postpartum to 1177 primiparous women with a normal pregnancy and spontaneous onset of active labor and 920 returned evaluable questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis and promax rotation was performed to identify dimensions of the childbirth experience. Multitrait scaling analysis was performed to test scaling assumptions and reliability of scales. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing scores from subgroups known to differ in childbirth experiences. Results Factor analysis of the 22 item questionnaire yielded four factors accounting for 54% of the variance. The dimensions were labelled Own capacity, Professional support, Perceived safety, and Participation. Multitrait scaling analysis confirmed the fit of the four-dimensional model and scaling success was achieved in all four sub-scales. The questionnaire showed good sensitivity with dimensions discriminating well between groups hypothesized to differ in experience of childbirth. Conclusion The CEQ measures important dimensions of the first childbirth experience and may be used to measure different aspects of maternal satisfaction with labour and birth.

Bergqvist Liselotte

2010-12-01

155

Validation of the Persian Version of the 40-item Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Background: As a disease of motor nervous system (motor neuron disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS has a great impact on several aspects of quality of life (QoL. Generic questionnaires of QoL do not address all the especial features of ALS and therefore translation and validation of disease specific questionnaires such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire 40-item (ALSAQ-40 is necessary for assessment of patients with different languages. The aim of this study was to review the validation of the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40.Methods: Meticulously translated ALSAQ-40 was completed by 21 ALS patients. Internal reliability was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and item-total correlation was also used to evaluate the correlation of each question with total score. Validity was evaluated through comparison with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-revised (ALSFRS-r and the36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36.Results: Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91-0.96 for different scales of the ALSAQ-40. All the 40 questions of the questionnaire had correlation greater than 0.5. Correlation coefficient of all the related scales of the Persian version of ALSAQ-40, SF-36 and ALSFRS-r was greater than 0.59 with P value < 0.001.Conclusion: Measures of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and item-total correlation demonstrated reliability and consistency of the questionnaire, and correlation coefficients confirmed the validity of different items in the questionnaire. This study showed that the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40 is a reliable and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of QoL in ALS patients with Persian language.

Hosein Shamshiri

2013-07-01

156

Clinimetric properties of illness perception questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and brief illness perception questionnaire (Brief IPQ) in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several questionnaires are available to evaluate illness perceptions in patients, such as the illness perception questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and the brief version (Brief IPQ). This study aims to systematically review the literature concerning the clinimetric properties of the IPQ-R and the Brief IPQ in patients with musculoskeletal pain. The electronic databases Web of Sciences and PubMed were searched. Studies were included when the clinimetric properties of the IPQ-R or Brief IPQ were assessed in adults with musculoskeletal pain. Methodological quality was determined using the COSMIN checklist. Eight articles were included and evaluated. The methodological quality was good for 3 COSMIN boxes, fair for 11 and poor for 3 boxes. None of the articles obtained an excellent methodological score. The results of this review suggest that the IPQ-R is a reliable questionnaire, except for illness coherence. Internal consistency is good, except for the causal domain. The IPQ-R has good construct validity, but the factor structure is unstable. Hence, the IPQ-R appears to be a useful instrument for assessing illness perceptions, but care must be taken when generalizing the results of adapted versions of the questionnaires. The Brief IPQ shows moderate overall test-retest reliability. No articles examining the validity of the Brief IPQ were found. Further research should therefore focus on the content and criterion validity of the IPQ-R and the clinimetric properties of the Brief IPQ. PMID:25435470

Leysen, Marijke; Nijs, Jo; Meeus, Mira; Paul van Wilgen, C; Struyf, Filip; Vermandel, Alexandra; Kuppens, Kevin; Roussel, Nathalie A

2015-02-01

157

High-dose cytarabine-based consolidation shows superior results for older AML patients with intermediate risk cytogenetics in first complete remission.  

Science.gov (United States)

We evaluated outcomes in two consecutive groups of AML patients age>60 years in CR after 7+3 induction therapy. Group 1 received consolidation with cytarabine 1.5g/m(2) q12h×6+daunorubicin for two cycles, while group 2 received consolidation with 7+3 followed by mitoxantrone+etoposide. For patients with intermediate-risk cytogenetics, group 1 had a significantly superior DFS (p=0.046), and a trend toward better OS (p=0.087). The treatment group remained a significant predictor of DFS on multivariate analysis. The results indicate that a high-dose cytarabine-containing consolidation regimen produces superior outcomes in AML patients age>60 years with intermediate-risk cytogenetics. PMID:23357460

Hassanein, Mona; Atenafu, Eshetu G; Schuh, Andre C; Yee, Karen W L; Minden, Mark D; Schimmer, Aaron D; Gupta, Vikas; Brandwein, Joseph M

2013-05-01

158

Cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument "Family Needs Questionnaire" / Adaptação transcultural do instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire / Adaptación transcultural del instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de desenvolvimento metodológico sobre a adaptação transcultural do Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estruturado, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos, para medir as necessidades percebidas pelos membros da família, após o trauma cranioencefálico (TCE) de um fa [...] miliar. O propósito desse instrumento é identificar necessidades atendidas e não atendidas importantes para os familiares. A tradução e adaptação do FNQ seguiram metodologia própria que permitiu alcançar equivalência semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual do instrumento traduzido, denominado, em português, Questionário de Necessidades da Família. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário em 161 familiares mostraram que o conteúdo do instrumento é válido para medir, em nosso meio, as necessidades dos familiares que têm pessoas com TCE. Abstract in spanish Se trata de estudio cuantitativo de desarrollo metodológico sobre la adaptación transcultural del Family Neds Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estructurado, desarrollado en los Estados Unidos, para medir las necesidades percibidas por los miembros de la familia, después del trauma cráneo encefálico [...] (TCE) de un familiar. El propósito de ese instrumento es identificar necesidades atendidas y no atendidas importantes para los familiares. La traducción y adaptación del FNQ siguieron una metodología propia que permitió alcanzar equivalencia semántica, idiomática, cultural y conceptual del instrumento traducido, denominado, en portugués, Cuestionario de Necesidades de la Familia. Los resultados de la aplicación del cuestionario en 161 familiares mostraron que el contenido del instrumento es válido para medir, en nuestro medio, las necesidades de los familiares que tiene personas con TCE. Abstract in english This is a quantitative methodological development study on the cross-cultural adaptation of the "Family Needs Questionnaire" (FNQ), which is a structured instrument developed in the United States to measure the perceived needs of family members after the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) of a relative. T [...] his instrument aims to identify important needs presented by family members, whether met or not. The FNQ translation and adaptation followed a particular method, which permitted to achieve semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalence of the instrument version labeled in Portuguese as "Questionário de Necessidades da Família". The results of the questionnaire application to 161 family members showed that the instrument content is valid to measure the needs of families of patients with TBI in the Brazilian context.

Edilene Curvelo, Hora; Regina Márcia Cardoso de, Sousa.

2009-08-01

159

Cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument "Family Needs Questionnaire" Adaptación transcultural del instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire Adaptação transcultural do instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is a quantitative methodological development study on the cross-cultural adaptation of the "Family Needs Questionnaire" (FNQ, which is a structured instrument developed in the United States to measure the perceived needs of family members after the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI of a relative. This instrument aims to identify important needs presented by family members, whether met or not. The FNQ translation and adaptation followed a particular method, which permitted to achieve semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalence of the instrument version labeled in Portuguese as "Questionário de Necessidades da Família". The results of the questionnaire application to 161 family members showed that the instrument content is valid to measure the needs of families of patients with TBI in the Brazilian context.Se trata de estudio cuantitativo de desarrollo metodológico sobre la adaptación transcultural del Family Neds Questionnaire (FNQ, instrumento estructurado, desarrollado en los Estados Unidos, para medir las necesidades percibidas por los miembros de la familia, después del trauma cráneo encefálico (TCE de un familiar. El propósito de ese instrumento es identificar necesidades atendidas y no atendidas importantes para los familiares. La traducción y adaptación del FNQ siguieron una metodología propia que permitió alcanzar equivalencia semántica, idiomática, cultural y conceptual del instrumento traducido, denominado, en portugués, Cuestionario de Necesidades de la Familia. Los resultados de la aplicación del cuestionario en 161 familiares mostraron que el contenido del instrumento es válido para medir, en nuestro medio, las necesidades de los familiares que tiene personas con TCE.Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de desenvolvimento metodológico sobre a adaptação transcultural do Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ, instrumento estruturado, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos, para medir as necessidades percebidas pelos membros da família, após o trauma cranioencefálico (TCE de um familiar. O propósito desse instrumento é identificar necessidades atendidas e não atendidas importantes para os familiares. A tradução e adaptação do FNQ seguiram metodologia própria que permitiu alcançar equivalência semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual do instrumento traduzido, denominado, em português, Questionário de Necessidades da Família. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário em 161 familiares mostraram que o conteúdo do instrumento é válido para medir, em nosso meio, as necessidades dos familiares que têm pessoas com TCE.

Edilene Curvelo Hora

2009-08-01

160

Drinking among medical students: a questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

To assess the prevalence of drinking among medical students a questionnaire on smoking, exercise, drinking, and weight was distributed among the students available. A total of 260 replies were received from an estimated available population of 350 students (134 men and 126 women). The mean alcohol consumption obtained by a quantity-frequency measure was 20.5 units/week for male students and 14.6 units/week for female students. Retrospective diary reports showed mean (SE) consumptions of 18 (2...

Collier, D. J.; Beales, I. L.

1989-01-01

161

Psychometric properties of two physical activity questionnaires, the AQuAA and the PASE, in cancer patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of two self-report physical activity (PA questionnaires - the AQuAA (Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents and PASE (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly - in cancer patients. Methods Test-retest reliability was determined by administering the questionnaires twice within 5 days. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC, standard error of measurement (SEM and smallest detectable difference (SDD were calculated. Construct validity was determined by comparing the questionnaire results with ActiGraph accelerometer scores using Spearman correlation coefficients (rs and ICCs. Content validity was examined using the Three-Step Test-Interview (TSTI. Results Reliability for the AQuAA scores were fair to excellent (ICC = 0.57 to 0.78. Reliability for the PASE scores ranged from good to excellent (ICC = 0.67 to 0.90. Correlations between the ActiGraph and the AQuAA and the PASE were low (rs = 0.05 and 0.16 respectively, and ICC = -0.001 to 0.44. The TSTI showed that participants experienced difficulties with the examples provided with the questions, the perceptions of intensity level of PA, and with recalling the time spent on PA. Conclusions Both questionnaires showed good to excellent test-retest reliability for most scores. Construct validity of both questionnaires was low, as indicated by the low correlations with the ActiGraph. Except for a few difficulties that participants perceived when filling out the questionnaires, the content validity of both questionnaires was good.

van Mechelen Willem

2011-03-01

162

Development and first assessment of a questionnaire for health care utilization and costs for cardiac patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The valid and reliable measurement of health service utilization, productivity losses and consequently total disease-related costs is a prerequisite for health services research and for health economic analysis. Although administrative data sources are usually considered to be the most accurate, their use is limited as some components of utilization are not systematically captured and, especially in decentralized health care systems, no single source exists for comprehensive utilization and cost data. The aim of this study was to develop and test a questionnaire for the measurement of disease-related costs for patients after an acute cardiac event (ACE. Methods To design the questionnaire, the literature was searched for contributions to the assessment of utilization of health care resources by patient-administered questionnaires. Based on these findings, we developed a retrospective questionnaire appropriate for the measurement of disease-related costs over a period of 3 months in ACE patients. Items were generated by reviewing existing guidelines and by interviewing medical specialists and patients. In this study, the questionnaire was tested on 106 patients, aging 35–65 who were admitted for rehabilitation after ACE. It was compared with prospectively measured data; selected items were compared with administrative data from sickness funds. Results The questionnaire was accepted well (response rate = 88%, and respondents completed the questionnaire in an average time of 27 minutes. Concordance between retrospective and prospective data showed an intraclass correlation (ICC ranging between 0.57 (cost of medical intake and 0.9 (hospital days with the other main items (physician visits, days off work, medication clustering around 0.7. Comparison between self-reported and administrative data for days off work and hospitalized days were possible for n = 48. Respective ICCs ranged between 0.92 and 0.94, although differences in mean levels were observed. Conclusion The questionnaire was accepted favorably and correlated well with alternative measurement approaches. This first assessment showed promising characteristics of this questionnaire in different aspects of validity for patients with ACE. However, additional research and more extensive tests in other patient groups would be worthwhile.

Hahmann Harry

2008-09-01

163

Present diagnostic strategies for acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Results of a questionnaire in a retrospective trial conducted by the Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study is to re-evaluate and clarify the diagnostic role of ventilation/perfusion lung scintigraphy in Japan, now that single-detector-row helical CT and multidetector-row CT are available in clinical practice. The Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine distributed a questionnaire to institutions in Japan equipped with scintillation cameras as of September 2001. Of 1,222 institutions, 239 returned effective answers (19.6%). The most frequent combination for initial diagnosis of acute pulmonary thromboembolism was chest radiography, perfusion lung scintigraphy, and contrast-enhanced CT (111 institutions, 46.4%). The questionnaire revealed that the validity and usage of perfusion lung scintigraphy and those of contrast-enhanced CT were equivalent in the present clinical situation. On the other hand, the diagnostic value of ventilation lung scintigraphy in suspected pulmonary thromboembolism has not been established in Japan. Even though contrast-enhanced CT is widely used in Japan, perfusion lung scintigraphy is still required to determine disease severity and monitor its progress. (author)

164

Measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) : a cross-national validity study  

OpenAIRE

The goal of this research was to examine the measurement invariance of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) across two European nations. Participants were Italian and German undergraduate students. First, confirmatory factor analysis was used to test for the two-factor structure of the ERQ; subsequently, measurement invariance was analysed. The results showed acceptable fit indices for the German and Italian sample; however, results with regard to t...

Sala, M. N.; Molina, P.; Abler, B.; Kessler, H.; Vanbrabant, L. G. F.; Schoot, R.

2012-01-01

165

Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil: validação semântica Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Brazil Version: semantic validation  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar tradução e adaptação transcultural do Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10, que avalia o craving por maconha em uma amostra brasileira. MÉTODO: O MCQ-SF foi traduzido do inglês para o português, aplicado em 10 sujeitos, submetido ao brainstorming num grupo de três indivíduos para reprodução individual e verbal, item a item. Realizou-se o back-translation, uma versão para o idioma de origem, a partir da primeira tradução e do brainstorming. Logo após, traduziu-se novamente para o português. Um comitê de juízes especialistas analisou todas as traduções. RESULTADOS: Após as considerações do comitê e um estudo-piloto com 30 sujeitos, a versão final do MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil foi construída. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram uma equivalência semântica satisfatória entre as versões. O MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil pode ser útil para avaliar o craving pela maconha nos dependentes dessa substância.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF was translated from English to Portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. Back-translation was executed, a translation for the original language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. Soon after, it was translated again into Portuguese. A committee of specialists analyzed all translations. RESULTS: After the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil was built. CONCLUSION: The results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. The MCQ/Versão Brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.

Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso

2009-01-01

166

Less time, better quality. Shortening questionnaires to assess team environment and goal orientation.  

Science.gov (United States)

When assessing team environments in youth sport, participants often spend substantial time responding to lots of items in questionnaires, causing a lack of efficiency (i.e. time and effort) and a decrease of data quality. The purpose of this work was to create short-forms of the questionnaires PeerMCYSQ, SCQPeer, TEOSQ, and also to analyse the existing short-form of the SCQCoach. In Study 1 we developed the short-forms of the instruments. We shortened the questionnaires by using both theory driven and data-driven criteria. In Study 2, we used also qualitative and quantitative data with the aim of validating the short-forms. Finally, in Study 3 we tested the last version of the short-forms and sought evidences concerning their criterion validity. The results showed evidence that supports the psychometric merit of these short-forms: (a) significantly less missing values were obtained; (b) all the factors obtained alpha values above .70; (c) confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that the short-forms fitted the hypothesized models well; (d) correlations between variables were coherent with expectations, and (e) structural equation modeling results showed significant paths consistent with previous literature. On average, our participants only spent a third of the time used to complete the original questionnaires. PMID:24230940

Alcaraz, Saül; Viladrich, Carme; Torregrosa, Miquel

2013-01-01

167

Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization  

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Full Text Available Background: During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective: The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method: To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371, trauma therapists in training (n=80, and refugee counselors (n=197 filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results: Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion: With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses.

Katharina Weitkamp

2014-01-01

168

Teacher Stress Questionnaire: validity and reliability study in Italy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire elaborated in England by Travers and Cooper in 1996. This Italian survey was completed by 863 teachers randomly drawn from a cross-section of Italian school levels. The construct validity of the questionnaire was verified by factor analysis and by measuring the internal consistency of the single scales. All dimensions measured by the Teacher Stress Questionnaire were compared for sample subgroups of all teacher levels. Several meaningful and reliable factors emerged from the factor analysis of the scales. The internal consistency of each scale (Cronbach's alpha) revealed satisfactory values. Teachers' age and school level were determining factors for all dimensions of stress explored. The Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire showed satisfactory psychometric properties and constitutes a useful and reliable measure to analyse stress in Italian schools. PMID:24597443

Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Pes, Daniela; Capasso, Roberto

2013-10-01

169

Business and Impact Alignment of Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Survey is a quick common instrument for information gathering. One of the most common forms of the survey is a questionnaire. Questionnaire is “a technique for gathering statistical information about the attributes, attitudes or actions of a population by administering standardized questions to some or all its members.” [5] In this thesis we are discussing business impact of questionnaire and problems related to questionnaire design. Aim of this project is universal solution for questionn...

Piterenko, Kateryna

2013-01-01

170

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Robert Frary

171

Developing the concept of family involvement and the alienation questionnaire in the context of psychiatric care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research shows that family members of people with a mental illness often experience a lack of involvement in the psychiatric care of their relative. An interpretation of the findings of these studies raises the question of whether the family members' experience of not being involved can be conceptualized in terms of alienation towards mental health services from their encounter with psychiatric care. In order to explore this possibility, the Family Involvement and Alienation Questionnaire (FIAQ) was constructed, guided by relevant theoretical frameworks and empirical research. The content validity of the questionnaire was evaluated by two groups of experienced researchers who had sound knowledge of the theoretical frameworks used. Validity based on the response process was evaluated by the parents of people with mental illness. The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by a test-retest design with a group of 15 family members. The data were analyzed by a non-parametric statistical method. The results of the validity and reliability evaluations showed that of the 46 original items in the questionnaire, 28 would be useful in exploring the concept of family involvement and alienation in the context of psychiatric care. Further, minor modifications could make the FIAQ useful in exploring these concepts in other settings. PMID:19128291

Ewertzon, Mats; Lützén, Kim; Svensson, Elisabeth; Andershed, Birgitta

2008-12-01

172

/ Tradução e adaptação transcultural do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Atualmente há um aumento crescente no número de diagnósticos de artrite reumatoide, seja graças à evolução dos métodos diagnósticos ou a intensas pesquisas realizadas na área de reumatologia, porém há uma lacuna quanto a instrumentos de medidas para acompanhamento no campo físico e psíqu [...] ico da evolução dessa doença, que pode causar limitações físicas graves com o seu avanço, além do comprometimento de diversos aspectos da qualidade de vida. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo desenvolver a versão em português brasileiro do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, um instrumento de avaliação e monitoramento do estado de saúde em pacientes com transtornos e doenças que incapacitam as atividades cotidianas realizadas pelas suas mãos. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas duas traduções e retrotraduções por avaliadores independentes e cegos quanto ao instrumento original, seguidas de composição de uma versão sintética, testada experimentalmente em um grupo de sujeitos da população geral e também pacientes com diagnóstico de artrite. RESULTADOS: São apresentadas todas as fases do processo. A participação de tradutores especialistas em saúde mental, reumatologia e ortopedia favoreceu a adequação dos termos utilizados ao construto mensurado. A aplicação experimental evidenciou a correta compreensão de todos os itens, quanto ao seu significado, por todos os respondentes. CONCLUSÃO: Elaborada a versão em português brasileiro da Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Currently there are an increasing number of diagnoses of rheumatoid arthritis thanks to developments in diagnostic methods or the extensive research conducted in the area of Rheumatology, however, but there is a gap in the measurement instruments for monitoring the field of physical an [...] d mental development of this disease that cause severe physical limitations with their progress in addition to impairment of various aspects of quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to develop the Brazilian Portuguese version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, an instrument of evaluation and monitoring of health status in patients with disorders and diseases that inable the daily activities carried out by their hands. METHODS: We performed two independent translations and back translations by independent examiners blinded to the original instrument, then the composition of a synthetic version, tested experimentally in a group of subjects from the general population and also patients with arthritis. RESULTS: We present all stages of the process. The participation of translators specialized in mental health, orthopedics and rheumatology favored the appropriateness of the terms used to construct measured. The experimental application showed a correct understanding of all items, as to its meaning for all respondents. CONCLUSION: Developed the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire.

Natalia Pinho de Oliveira, Ribeiro; Alexandre Rafael de Mello, Schier; Adriana Cardoso de Oliveira e, Silva; Antonio Egidio, Nardi.

173

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Eplov, L.F. (2010). The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

2010-01-01

174

Shortened questionnaire on quality of life for inflammatory bowel disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Questionnaires for measuring quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease usually include a large number of items and are time-consuming for both administration and interpretation. Our aim was to elaborate and validate a short quality-of-life questionnaire with the most representative items from the Spanish version of the 36-item Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ-36) using the Rasch analysis. The responses to 311 IBDQ-36 questionnaires from 167 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 144 with Crohn's disease (CD) were analyzed. IBDQ-36 was shortened with successive Rasch analyses until all the remaining items showed acceptable separation and goodness-of-fit properties. Validation of the short questionnaire was studied in a new group of 125 patients by determining its validity and reliability. A 9-item short questionnaire was obtained (IBDQ-9). Its correlation with IBDQ-36 was excellent (r = 0.91). Correlation between IBDQ-9 and clinical indices of activity was statistically significant in UC (r = 0.70) and CD (r= 0.70). IBDQ-9 score discriminates adequately between patients in clinical remission or relapse (P IBDQ-9 changes between both determinations (P IBDQ-9 was also homogeneous, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.95 in UC and 0.91 in CD. In 35-clinically stable patients, test-retest reliability was good, with a statistically-significant correlation between both questionnaires (r = 0.76 in UC and 0.86 in CD, P valid questionnaire to measure quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease was obtained using a new measurement model. Its use should facilitate comprehension of the impact of inflammatory bowel disease. PMID:15475746

Alcalá, M J; Casellas, F; Fontanet, G; Prieto, L; Malagelada, J-R

2004-07-01

175

Prevalance rate of low-dose CT lung cancer screening. Results of a questionnaire survey of member facilities of Japan society of ningen dock with special concerns regarding the actual status and disincentives for implementing such screening  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted a survey of member facilities of the Japan Society of Ningen Dock to elucidate the actual status of chest computed tomography (CT) screening and the reasons for not being able to change to low-dose CT. We sent a questionnaire consisting of 9 items to 531 member facilities in July 2010, response by facsimile to obtain an analysis. The prevalence rate of low-dose CT lung cancer screening slightly increased to 35% in comparison with the former survey done in November 2008. Some facilities indicated some shift in tube current to a lower range even though this was insufficient to meet the definition of low-dose CT. This reflects their thinking of ''Even with knowledge, there is strong hesitation to change to low-dose CT''. Among the reasons why they did not change to low-dose CT, a priority for high quality images was the top reason among problems of devices and performance. Informed consent was not yet adequate. It is necessary for manufactures to develop better technology to improve the image quality of low-dose CT and to report enough information to clinicians. On the medical side, perception of the necessity for appropriate reduction of radiation dose and the decision to move to low-dose CT would be of crucial significance for facility heads as well as radiologists and technicians. (author)

176

Questionnaire 5YR 2013 - Thank you  

CERN Multimedia

One thousand four hundred and sixty-three of you, i.e., some 58 % of staff members (or clearly more if we take account of staff absent during the month of October), responded to our questionnaire on the upcoming Five-yearly review. This is a great success, because the response rate is significantly higher than in 2003 or 2008, when only about 50 % replied. After having checked the representativeness of the replies with regard to certain key variables, the detailed analysis of the results has now started. At public meetings scheduled for the second week of February 2014, we plan to share with you the information that your delegates have distilled from the answers to the questionnaire. On that occasion you will be able to give your feedback. Your active participation in these meetings will allow us to consolidate the demands we will propose in the consultation process with Management for inclusion in the list of topics to be addressed by the Director-General. Indeed, the Director-General must provide a menu o...

Staff Association

2013-01-01

177

The Pediatric Stroke Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: We developed the Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire (RRQ) by converting the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) to a questionnaire for telephone interview and sought to validate the RRQ in a large cohort. Method: We analyzed parents' RRQ responses and same-day PSOM assessments for 232 children who had arterial ischemic stroke, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, or presumed perinatal ischemic stroke. We assessed the agreement and consistency of the PSOM and RRQ, and we identified conditions that contributed to differences between the 2 measures. We tested selected factors as predictors of differences between the total PSOM and total RRQ (tPSOM and tRRQ) scores. Results: Median PSOM score was 1.5 and median RRQ score was 1.5. There was good agreement between tPSOM and tRRQ, and RRQ was a reliable estimator of PSOM at the total and component level. Preexisting neurologic deficits or chronic illnesses increased the difference between the tPSOM and tRRQ; the chronic illness effect was confirmed with univariate analysis. Conclusions: The RRQ can characterize poststroke function when a child cannot return for examination. While the RRQ is not identical to the PSOM, the 2 measures likely assess closely related aspects of recovery. The RRQ is particularly useful when assessing outcomes of large cohorts, and will be useful in performing long-term follow-up studies of pediatric stroke. PMID:22895580

Ichord, Rebecca N.; Dowling, Michael M.; Rafay, Mubeen; Templeton, Jeffrey; Halperin, Aviva; Smith, Sabrina E.; Licht, Daniel J.; Moharir, Mahendranath; Askalan, Rand; deVeber, Gabrielle

2012-01-01

178

Evaluation of Agreement Between Video and Written Questionnaires for Asthma Symptoms Among Children of Tehran: ISAAC Study  

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Full Text Available Introduction: International study on asthma was conducted to study the prevalence of Asthma symptoms among 13-14 year old children using written and video questionnaires during the early 90's. The aim of the present study (ISAAC was to evaluate the agreement between the two questionnaires which were self-completed by the children. Methods: This study, which was a part of the third phase of International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC and performed exactly similar to phase1, was performed by National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD in two cities of Iran; Rasht and Tehran. All stages of the study were performed in accordance with ISAAC protocol. The present study discusses data related to children of Tehran. A total of 3100 school children aged 13-14 years were questioned about asthma symptoms using written and video questionnaires of ISAAC study. For statistical analysis, initially a descriptive study of the available data was performed. Thereafter, chance corrected agreement between the two questionnaires was evaluated using Cohen’s Kappa co-efficiency. Results: Of the total of 3100 children, 52.4% were male and 47.6% female, with a mean age of 13.6 years. Although the questions discussed in the two questionnaires were not exactly similar, the results of the video questionnaires showed a statistically significant lower positive response to asthma symptoms as compared to the written version. Kappa co-efficiency ranged between 0.06- 0.21 (mean=0.12, which is considered poor for all variables. Conclusion: Positive responses to having asthma symptoms were significantly higher using the written questionnaire compared to the video questionnaire. Similar to previous studies, agreement between the two was considered poor for all variables. Although factors such as language, culture, dwelling area, e.t.c. have special effects on results of these questionnaires, results indicate that the two questionnaires should be further studied and validated for this special group of patients in order to reach a better interpretation of prevalence of asthma symptoms.

MR Masjedi

2008-07-01

179

Development of the Parental Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes development and validation of the Parental Psychological Flexibility (PPF) Questionnaire, a parent-report measure designed to assess psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents (aged 10-18 years). Psychological flexibility within parenting refers to parents' accepting negative thoughts, emotions and urges about one's child and still acting in ways that are consistent with effective parenting. Exploratory factor analysis (n = 178 parents) of a 43-item draft measure, resulted in a 30-item, 3-factor structure. Three subscales were created, consistent with the psychological flexibility literature: acceptance, cognitive defusion and committed action. A second sample of parents (n = 192) was then used to confirm the factor structure and reliability and validity of the PPF. Results supported the 3-factor structure, reduced the number of items to 19 and demonstrated that the PPF subscales have adequate reliability and validity and are thus suitable for researching psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents. PMID:25236325

Burke, Kylie; Moore, Susan

2014-09-19

180

[Factors affecting the occurrence and development of invasive meningococcal disease and development of Neisseria meningitis carrier state--results of a nationwide prospective questionnaire survey of cases and controls].  

Science.gov (United States)

The nationwide prospective questionnaire study of cases and controls was implemented during the period from October 1996 till May 1998. Thirty-nine districts participated (= 54.2% of district hygiene stations) and 107 invasive meningococcal diseases were included in the study (= 76.9% of diseases recorded during the given period in the Czech Republic by active surveillance). A total of 390 subjects were included in the study-107 with invasive meningococcal diseases, 211 healthy controls and 72 healthy carriers of Neisseria meningitidis. This is the first study in the Czech Republic which analyzes comprehensively socioeconomic, health and stress factors in relation to the genesis and development of invasive meningococcal disease or carriership of N. meningitidis. The relationship between these factors and meningococcal disease or carriership was evaluated by the chi square test: odds ratio (OR) and statistical significance (p for chi square-Yates correction or Fischer's exact test). For the development of invasive meningococcal disease in particular, risk factors are significant (p time weaken the overall resistance of the organism: febrile diseases, respiratory diseases, other diseases, exertion, exposure to cold, mental stress, other stress, injury, staying in places outside the home on brigades, training courses, stay in crowded premises. As to long-term factors the development of the disease is influenced by a contaminated environment, passive smoking and lower education of the mother which indicates a different lifestyle. Conversely, factors negatively correlated with the development of the disease are active participation in sports and favourable economic conditions. For death: significant risk factors (p generation housing, use of public transport, staying outside the home on brigades, training courses etc.). A risk factor is also lower education of parents which indicates a different lifestyle. Conversely, factors negatively correlated with carriership are favourable economic conditions, frequent outdoor stay and active participation in sports. By comparison of factors significantly associated with the development of invasive meningococcal disease or carriership data are assembled for the implementation of effective preventive measures. PMID:10658342

Krízová, P; Kríz, B

1999-11-01

181

Sintomas respiratórios na população da cidade de Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brasil: resultados da aplicação de um questionário padronizado Respiratory symptoms in Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil: results from the use of a standardized questionnaire  

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Full Text Available As doenças respiratórias constituem expressiva parcela da morbidade na população da cidade de Ribeirão Preto, como comprovam alguns autores. Em particular, as doenças pulmonares crônicas não-específicas motivam número grande de internações a cada ano. Tais doenças podem ser detectadas através de sintomas relatados em entrevistas pessoais, quando se usa um questionário padronizado. Em uma amostra de 3.353 indivíduos de mais de 3 anos de idade, correspondendo a 878 domicílios visitados, foi feito levantamento de sintomas respiratórios, na população do município de Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brasil, utilizando-se questionário padronizado. Os resultados mostraram: 3,4% de pessoas do sexo feminino e 2,4% do sexo masculino com sintomas sugestivos da asma brônquica; 5,5% do sexo masculino e 3,3% do sexo feminino com sintomas sugestivos de bronquite crônica; 15,5% dos homens e 11,3% das mulheres referiram tosse; dispnéia com limitação funcional foi relatada em 0,96% dos homens e 2,48% das mulheres.The prevalence of asthma, chronic bronchitis and some other respiratory symptoms was estimated on the basis of a standardized questionnaire. Three thousand three hundred and fifty-three people were interviewed at home. On the basis of the criteria adapted 3.49% of the females and 2.4% of the males were considered asthmatic. Likewise, in 5.54% of the males and 3.37% of females the symptoms were strongly suggestive of chronic bronchitis. Shortness of breath was recorded in 0.96% of the males and 2.48% of the females.

Marcelo de Carvalho Ramos

1983-02-01

182

Analysis of consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat using a structured survey questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a structured survey questionnaire was used to determine consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat at a horse meat restaurant located in Jeju, Korea, from October 1 to December 24, 2005. The questionnaire employed in this study consisted of 20 questions designed to characterize six general attributes: horse meat sensory property, physical appearance, health condition, origin, price, and other attributes. Of the 1370 questionnaires distributed, 1126 completed questionnaires were retained based on the completeness of the answers, representing an 82.2% response rate. Two issues were investigated that might facilitate the search for ways to improve horse meat production and marketing programs in Korea. The first step was to determine certain important factors, called principal components, which enabled the researchers to understand the needs of horse meat consumers via principal component analysis. The second step was to define consumer segments with regard to their preferences for horse meat, which was accomplished via cluster analysis. The results of the current study showed that health condition, price, origin, and leanness were the most critical physical attributes affecting the preferences of horse meat consumers. Four segments of consumers, with different demands for horse meat attributes, were identified: origin-sensitive consumers, price-sensitive consumers, quality and safety-sensitive consumers, and non-specific consumers. Significant differences existed among segments of consumers in terms of age, nature of work, frequency of consumption, and general level of acceptability of horse meat. PMID:20163664

Oh, Woon Yong; Lee, Ji Woong; Lee, Chong Eon; Ko, Moon Seok; Jeong, Jae Hong

2009-12-01

183

Ischaemic heart disease and glycaemic control in type-2 diabetes mellitus by questionnaire method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Various tests like Echocardiogram, Nuclear scan, Electron-beam computed tomography, Coronary angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are available for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD). But most of these are expensive, invasive and cannot be afforded in developing countries. An attempt was made to study sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of non-invasive technique like questionnaire method and compared with traditional clinical evaluation. This study compared diagnosis of angina made with the Rose uestionnaire to diagnosis by physician in type-2 diabetes mellitus and the effect of glycaemic control. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done from March 2005 to March 2006. Cases were collected from outpatients and inpatients visiting RL Jalappa hospital and SNR Hospital attached to Sri Devraj Urs Medical College Kolar, Karnataka, India. Glycosylated haemoglobin levels were estimated. Data on Rose questionnaire angina and physician diagnosed angina were collected and compared between groups of well controlled diabetics, poorly controlled diabetics and controls. The 12 lead Electrocardiogram was used to confirm the diagnosis. Results: The Rose questionnaire had 63.63% sensitivity, 97.5% specificity, 73% positive predictive value, and 96% negative predictive value. This study also showed the occurrence of IHD was higher in the poorly controlled diabetics (16.3%) as compared to well controlled diabetic patients (6%) and controls (5%) wdiabetic patients (6%) and controls (5%) which were significant. Conclusions: The questionnaire diagnosis showed good sensitivity and high specificity as compared with diagnosis by physicians. The questionnaire method can be frequently used and incorporated in cardiovascular risk assessment and epidemiologic screening programs. (author)

184

Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: estudo de equivalência semântica / Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: semantic equivalence study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O medo de dirigir pode restringir a vida do indivíduo e gerar sérios problemas pessoais, sociais e ocupacionais. Usar um instrumento adequado para a avaliação de cognições do paciente é importante, já que contribui para uma formulação dos problemas apresentados, podendo guiar um plano de [...] tratamento coerente. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, que mede as cognições que podem estar presentes no medo de dirigir MÉTODOS: Três traduções e três retrotraduções foram realizadas por seis avaliadores independentes. Realizou-se a equivalência semântica e avaliação das versões, elaborando-se uma versão síntese. Comentários dos 10 participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições das cognições expostas no questionário em português. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, a discussão sobre a versão síntese preliminar e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The fear of driving may restrict the life of patients and cause serious personal, social, and occupational problems. It is important to use a suitable tool while assessing patients’ cognitions, once these findings may help formulate the problems observed and may guide the selection of [...] a consistent treatment plan. The objective of this study was to describe the stages of translation and adaptation into Brazilian Portuguese of the Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, designed to measure cognitions that may be present in the fear of driving. METHODS: Three translations and three back translations were conducted by six independent evaluators. Semantic equivalence assessment and evaluation of the different versions were conducted and resulted in a synthesized version of the instrument. Comments made by 10 participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. RESULTS: Most participants understood the cognitions as described in the Brazilian Portuguese version of the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The use of three different translations and back translations, discussion of a preliminary synthetic version and interaction with the target population contributed to the viability of the process aimed to assess the semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Marcele Regine de, Carvalho; Rafael Thomaz da, Costa; Aline, Sardinha; Valfrido Leão de, Melo-Neto; Antonio Egidio, Nardi.

185

Translation of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire Into Hausa Language  

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Full Text Available Background: Self-report measures of fear-avoidance beliefs are widely used in clinical practice and research. To date there is no Hausa version of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ. This is important as the Hausa language is a widely spoken language in West Africa. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to translate and validate the Hausa version of the FABQ in patients with non-specific neck pain. Methods: Two independent bilingual Hausa translators translated the English version of the FABQ into Hausa which was thereafter back translated by one independent bilingual translator. A professional expert panel revised the translations to produce a consensus version. The psychometric testing of the final translated instrument was investigated by surveying 54 Hausa speaking patients with chronic non-specific neck pain. Cross-sectional construct validity was evaluated by comparing Hausa Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ-H with the English version of the FABQ. Internal consistency of the FABQ-H was examined by Cronbach alpha by comparing the scores between the FABQ-H and its subscales. Test-retest reliability was evaluated by administering the Hausa version twice. Results: The translated Hausa version of FABQ proved to be acceptable. The FABQ-H showed strong correlations (r=0.94, p=0.000 with the original English version. There was also high internal consistency between the FABQ-H and its subscales (physical activity component-alpha=0.88, p=0.000 and work component- alpha=0.94, p= 0.000. The FABQ-H also showed a high test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient =0.98. Conclusion: The FABQ-H demonstrated excellent psychometric properties similar to other existing versions. The FABQ-H is recommended for clinical practice.

Bashir Kaka

2014-10-01

186

Estudo exploratório do instrumento Ages & Stages Questionnaires: 2ª edição  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O Ages and Stages Questionnaires 2ª edição (ASQ-2) é um instrumento de rastreio que foi construído para detectar alterações do desenvolvimento, identificando a necessidade de avaliações mais específicas. O estudo do ASQ-2 na amostra (n=339) da população portuguesa foi realizado no sentido de observa [...] r as suas qualidades psicométricas, dando assim, início à tradução e adaptação cultural para a população portuguesa. O estudo das qualidades psicométricas do ASQ-2 na versão portuguesa revelou que: na sensibilidade, os valores de curtose e assimetria dos itens, na sua maioria, encontram-se próximos de uma distribuição normal; na fidelidade os valores de Alpha de Cronbach para os totais variam entre 0,70 e 0,75 revelando razoável consistência interna melhorando significativamente quando observados através do coeficiente de bipartição variando entre 0,83 e 0,88 neste caso indicadores de boa consistência interna; na validade os valores de r de Pearson para totais indicam correlações significativas na maior parte das áreas nos diferentes questionários. Concluímos que os resultados obtidos são atraentes para que se realize uma validação do ASQ-2 para a população portuguesa, contribuindo assim para o preenchimento de uma lacuna existente no momento da avaliação em IP. Abstract in english The Ages and Stages Questionnaire 2nd edition (ASQ-2) was designed to screen developmental delays, identifying the need for more specific assessments. The ASQ-2 study with a sample of Portuguese population (n=339) was conducted with the aim of observing its psychometric qualities and with this inten [...] t it was translated and culturally adaptate for the Portuguese population. The study of the psychometric qualities of the ASQ-2 in its Portuguese version revealed that for sensitivity the values of kurtosis and skewness, by and large, are close to a normal distribution; for reliability, the Cronbach’s coefficient alpha values for the totals vary between 0,70 and 0,75, showing reasonable internal consistency, significantly improving when observed with split-half varying between 0,83 and 0,88, showing good internal consistency; for validity the r de Pearson values for totals indicate significant correlations in most of the areas in the different questionnaires. We conclude that the results obtained are an incentive to proceed with the validation of the ASQ-2 for the Portuguese population, thereby, contributing to fill the gap that exist presently, considering validated developmental assessment instruments for Early Intervention.

Sónia, Lopes; Patrícia, Graça; La Salete, Teixeira; Ana Maria, Serrano; Adriano, Rockland.

2011-01-01

187

The Effects of Faking on the Construct Validity of Personality Questionnaires: A Direct Faking Measure Approach  

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Full Text Available Some authors clearly showed that faking reduces the construct validity of personality questionnaires, whilst many others found no such effect. A possible explanation for mixed results could be searched for in a variety of methodological strategies in forming comparison groups supposed to differ in the level of faking: candidates vs. non-candidates; groups of individuals with "high" vs. "low" social desirability score; and groups given instructions to respond honestly vs. instructions to "fake good". All three strategies may be criticized for addressing the faking problem indirectly – assuming that comparison groups really differ in the level of response distortion, which might not be true. Therefore, in a within-subject design study we examined how faking affects the construct validity of personality inventories using a direct measure of faking. The results suggest that faking reduces the construct validity of personality questionnaires gradually – the effect was stronger in the subsample of participants who distorted their responses to a greater extent.

Zvonimir Gali?

2012-12-01

188

Persian-McGill pain questionnaire; translation, adaptation and reliability in cancer patients: a brief report  

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Full Text Available Background: McGill pain questionnaire is the most useful standard tools for assessing pain. McGill pain questionnaire contains 78-word descriptive of the 20 subclasses form-ing in three main sensory, affective and evaluative domains. Due to cultural differences, the questionnaire has been translated into several languages. This study aimed to transl-ate MPQ into Persian language and assess its reliability, validity and acceptability in patients with cancer.Methods: The study performed in Medical Oncology Department of Cancer Institute in Imam Khomeini Hospital in the Spring 2012. After translation of MPQ by two experts fluent in English, Persian version was returned to English. Then that backward transla-tion was compared with the original questionnaire and words that did not match were reviewed.  Patients with different types of cancer who suffering from chronic pain were admitted in our study. They did not receive any kind of pain killer drugs during the pre-vious 24 hours. There was no restriction of age, sex, education, type of cancer or treat-ment modality. The reliability and validity of Persian-McGill pain questionnaire after interviewing patients was assessed by test–retest reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha.Results: In total, 84 patients were interviewed and 30 patients who were available after 24 hour with the same condition recomplete the questionnaire. Cronbach’alpha of each domain was in 0.622-0.743 and total Crobach’s alpha (n=84 was 0.85. Evaluative aspect has only one subgroup and because of this, it is not have Crobach’s alpha. The stability coefficient (n=30 in all areas (sensory, emotional, and other domains were 0.812-0.964. Stability coefficient among the 20 Persian McGill Pain Questionnaire (PMPQ subclasses showed significant and reliable relationships over time for all groups.Conclusion: This study is the first study that assessed psychometric properties and use-fulness of the MPQ in Iranian patients with cancer, showed that it is a potentially useful measure with a high validity and reliability standards.

Khosravi M

2013-04-01

189

Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: tradução e adaptação transcultural Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: translation and cross-cultural adaptation  

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Full Text Available Contexto: O estudo de cybersickness, sintomas desconfortáveis relacionados à interação em ambientes virtuais, é importante para a implementação de melhorias destes, para ajudar a preservar o bem-estar dos usuários e reduzir o abandono às exposições virtuais. Usar um instrumento adequado para identificar e mensurar os sintomas de cybersickness, de forma padronizada, pode contribuir para essa finalidade. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as etapas de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Simulator Sickness Questionnaire, que mede os sintomas de cybersickness. Métodos: Três traduções e retrotraduções foram realizadas por avaliadores independentes; realizaram-se a equivalência semântica e a avaliação das versões, sendo elaborada uma versão síntese. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados: Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições dos sintomas expostas no questionário em português. Conclusão: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, discussão sobre a versão síntese e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira.Background: The study of cybersickness, uncomfortable symptoms related to interaction in vir­tual environments, is important for these environments’ improvement that help to preserve the welfare of users and reduce the abandonment of virtual exposures. Using an appropriate instrument to identify and measure the symptoms of cybersickness in a standardized way can contribute to this purpose. Objective: The objective of the current study is to present the stages of translation and adaptation into Portuguese of the instrument "Simulator Sickness Questionnaire", which measures cybersickness’ symptoms. Methods: Three translations and back translations were conducted by independent evaluators, the semantic equivalence and versions’ evaluation were made, producing a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results: The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. It was found that most participants understood the symptoms’ descriptions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: The use of three different versions of translation and back translation, the discussion of the synthetic version and the interaction with the target population have provided viability for the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Marcele Regine de Carvalho

2011-01-01

190

Television Quiz Show Simulation  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the simulation of four television quiz shows for students in China studying English as a foreign language (EFL). It discusses the adaptation and implementation of television quiz shows and how the students reacted to them.

Hill, Jonnie Lynn

2007-01-01

191

The measurement artifact in the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study empirically examined the debate in the literature regarding the dimensionality of the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire. The sample comprised 803 employees from organizations in the information technology and hospitality industries. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire appears to have a two-factor structure, with one factor consisting of positively worded items and the other factor, negatively worded items. Scores on both factors correlated significantly with job satisfaction, suggesting that both factors appear to be measuring a similar aspect of organizational commitment and that they present as two factors given as measurement artifacts of the item wording. PMID:11191388

Caught, K; Shadur, M A; Rodwell, J J

2000-12-01

192

Validez del Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) en Mujeres Mexicanas / Validity of Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) In Mexican Women  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de la presente investigación fue validar el instrumento en población mexicana femenina Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), creado con la finalidad de evaluar la insatisfacción corporal. Participaron 472 mujeres, 256 eran estudiantes (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) y conformaron el grupo control y 216 [...] pacientes con Trastorno del Comportamiento Alimentario (TCA) (x? = 20.5, DE = 3.9) con un rango de edad de 13 a 30 años. Los resultados mostraron una excelente consistencia interna (a = .98), así como una estructura de 2 factores que explicaron el 63.8% de la varianza total. Estos fueron: 1) Malestar corporal normativo (?=.95) y 2) Malestar corporal patológico (?=.94). Respecto a la validez discriminante y predictiva, el BSQ mostró una buena capacidad de clasificar a individuos con TCA, en función de la insatisfacción corporal, y se observó que dicha capacidad es mayor cuando discrimina entre Anorexia, Bulimia y control (? de Wilks = .485, ?²(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finalmente se exploraron 6 diferentes puntos de corte, de los cuales 110 fue el que demostró ser el más apropiado, de acuerdo a sus valores de sensibilidad (84.3%) y especificidad (84.4%). En conclusión el BSQ es un cuestionario de gran utilidad para detectar la insatisfacción corporal en mujeres mexicanas. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to validate the instrument Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) in female Mexican population, created to assess body dissatisfaction. 472 women participated, 256 were students and formed the control group (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) and 216 patients with Eating Disorders (ED) (x? = 20. [...] 5, DE = 3.9) with an age range of 13 to 30 years. The results showed excellent internal consistency (a = .98) and a 2-factor structure that explained 63.8% of the total variance. These were: 1) normative body uncomfort (?=.95), and 2) pathological body uncomfort (?=.94). Regarding the discriminant and predictive validity, the BSQ showed good ability to classify individuals with eating disorders, depending on body dissatisfaction, noting that such capacity is greater when discriminating between Anorexia, Bulimia and control (? de Wilks = .485, ?2(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finally we explored 6 different cut off points, of which the 110-was proved to be the most appropriate according to their values of sensitivity (84.3%) and specificity (84.4%). In conclusion, the BSQ is a useful questionnaire to detect body dissatisfaction in Mexican women.

Rosalía, Vázquez Arévalo; Jessica, Galán Julio; Xochitl, López Aguilar; Georgina L., Alvarez Rayón; Juan Manuel, Mancilla Díaz; Alejandro, Caballero Romo; Claudia, Unikel Santoncini.

2011-06-01

193

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

Science.gov (United States)

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Ellen Taylor-Powell

194

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

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This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

195

Validation of a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge in asthma allows the children and/or its parents to acquire abilities that allow to prevent and/or to handle the asthmatic attacks, decreasing the morbidity produced by the disease, nevertheless we do not account with a validated instrument that allows us to quantify the level of asthma knowledge. The objective is to develop and to validate a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma to be filled out by the parents and/or people in charge of the care of the asthmatic pediatric patients. The 17 items that conform the questionnaire were obtained alter literature review, realization of focal groups the professional experience of the investigators and the realization of pilot studies. The face content and concurrent validity of the instrument was evaluated; we also determined the factor structure, test-retest reproducibility, and sensitivity to change of the questionnaire. We included 120 patients with average age of 4.5 %3.7 years the factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of three factors that altogether explain 85% of the total variance of the results the face and content validity was based on the concept of a multi-disciplinary group of experts in the field the concurrent validity was demonstrated by the ability of the questionnaire to distinguish low from high knowledge parents. Test-retest reproducibility and sensitivity to change were demonstrated comparing scores of the questionnaire filled out ng scores of the questionnaire filled out in two different occasions. The questionnaire of knowledge of asthma developed in the study is a useful and reliable tool to quantify the basal level of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and to determine the effectiveness of an educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge and understanding of the disease

196

A cultura linguística de alunos do 9.º ano: Reflexões em torno dos resultados de um inquérito por questionário aplicado no distrito de Aveiro / La culture linguistique des élèves de 9ème année: réflexions autour des résultats d’un questionnaire appliqué à Aveiro / The linguistic culture of 9th grade students: reflections on the results of a questionnaire applied in Aveiro / La cultura lingüística de alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO): reflexiones sobre un cuestionario aplicado en Aveiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Numa sociedade marcada pela diversidade linguística e cultural, preparar os alunos para serem sujeitos activos na construção da cidadania europeia passa por desenvolver a sua cultura linguística, conceito norteador de um projecto desenvolvido junto de alunos do 9.º ano. Apresentaremos neste artigo o [...] inquérito por questionário aplicado a 1.926 alunos do 9º ano do distrito de Aveiro (25% do universo), seleccionados a partir de uma amostra probabilística estratificada de tipo proporcional, tendo-se obtido a resposta de 1.836, que tinha como objectivos: caracterizar o perfil e projectos linguísticos dos alunos e identificar as suas representações face às línguas e aos povos. Os resultados obtidos, através de uma análise com o programa SPSS, apontam para uma visão linguística muito limitada por parte dos alunos (nos seus projectos curriculares e nas circunstâncias de contacto com as línguas), apesar de existir a consciência do papel e da importância da aprendizagem de línguas. As representações que têm das línguas e dos povos parecem condicionar os seus projectos linguísticos, já que equacionam contactar e/ou aprender as línguas que consideram mais próximas ou sobre as quais têm uma imagem mais positiva. Abstract in spanish En una sociedad marcada por la diversidad lingüística y cultural, preparar a los alumnos para que sean sujetos activos en la construcción de la ciudadanía europea pasa por desarrollar su cultura lingüística, concepto orientador de un proyecto desarrollado con alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO). Presen [...] taremos en este artículo la encuesta hecha con un cuestionario aplicado a 1926 alumnos de 9º curso (3er de ESO) de la provincia de Aveiro (25% del universo), seleccionado desde una muestra probabilística estratificada de tipo proporcional, obteniéndose la respuesta de 1836, que tenía como objetivos caracterizar el perfil y proyectos lingüísticos de los alumnos e identificar su representación ante las lenguas y pueblos. Los resultados obtenidos, a través de un análisis con el programa SPSS, indican una visión lingüística muy limitada por parte de los alumnos (en sus proyectos curriculares y en las circunstancias de contacto con las lenguas), a pesar de existir la conciencia del papel y de la importancia del aprendizaje de lenguas. Las representaciones que tienen de las lenguas y de los pueblos parecen condicionar los proyectos lingüísticos, ya que presuponen contactar y/o aprender las lenguas que les parecen más cercanas o sobre las cuales tienen una representación más positiva. Abstract in english In a society marked by linguistic and cultural diversity, there is a need to prepare students for the construction of European citizenship, namely by developing their linguistic culture, the main concept of a project developed with 9th grade students. In this article we will present the questionnair [...] e applied to 1.926 students from the 9th grade of the district of Aveiro (25% of the universe), selected according to a stratified and proportional sample, and having been answered by 1.836 of them. The main aims of the questionnaire were: to characterize the linguistic profile and projects of the students and to identify their representations concerning languages and peoples. The results, obtained from the analysis with SPSS programme, point out to a very limited linguistic vision (in the students’ curricular projects and in the contact they establish with languages), despite their awareness of the importance of learning languages. Students’ representations of languages and of different peoples also seem to condition their linguistic projects, since they want to contact with or learn the languages they consider closer and with a more positive image.

Ana Raquel, Simões; Maria Helena, Araújo e Sá.

197

Validity and reliability of a physical activity questionnaire for Vietnamese adolescents  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate assessment of physical activity in adolescents at population level is necessary. In Vietnam, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQA have been validated against accelerometers for use in adolescents. However, these questionnaires were originally designed for adults and showed poor validity. This study aims to assess the reliability and validity of the Vietnamese Adolescent Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire (V-APARQ. Methods One hundred and sixty five students were recruited from four junior high schools in Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam in 2004. V-APARQ asked students to report their usual organised and non-organised physical activity during a normal week and moderate- (MPA, vigorous- (VPA and moderate-to-vigorous- (MVPA physical activity were calculated. Reliability was assessed by test-retest (2?weeks apart. Construct validity was assess by 7-day accelerometry, following the completion of the first V-APARQ. Results The construct validity of the V-APARQ showed Spearman correlation of 0.25 and 0.22 for the assessment of the questionnaire when compared to the accelerometer. Test-retest reliability showed a weighted Kappa of 0.75 and the intra-class correlation coefficient for MVPA was 0.57 for the whole group (MPA =0.37 and VPA?=?0.62, and were higher in boys than girls. The Bland-Altman plots for reliability show a mean difference of 0.4 minutes (95?% CI?=??3.2, 4.0 for daily MVPA (n?=?146 and the limits of agreement were ?42.6 to 43.4 mins/day. In boys MVPA was lower on the first, compared with second administration of V-APARQ while the reverse was observed among girls. Conclusion The reliability and validity of the V-APARQ were low to fair, but are comparable to other self-report physical activity questionnaires used among adolescents. V-APARQ will be useful for population monitoring of change in physical activity among urban Vietnamese adolescents.

Hong Tang K

2012-08-01

198

Showing Value (Editorial  

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Full Text Available When Su Cleyle and I first decided to start Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, one of the things we agreed upon immediately was that the journal be open access. We knew that a major obstacle to librarians using the research literature was that they did not have access to the research literature. Although Su and I are both academic librarians who can access a wide variety of library and information literature from our institutions, we belong to a profession where not everyone has equal access to the research in our field. Without such access to our own body of literature, how can we ever hope for practitioners to use research evidence in their decision making? It would have been contradictory to the principles of evidence based library and information practice to do otherwise.One of the specific groups we thought could use such an open access venue for discovering research literature was school librarians. School librarians are often isolated and lacking access to the research literature that may help them prove to stakeholders the importance of their libraries and their role within schools. Certainly, school libraries have been in decline and the use of evidence to show value is needed. As Ken Haycock noted in his 2003 report, The Crisis in Canada’s School Libraries: The Case for Reform and Reinvestment, “Across the country, teacher-librarians are losing their jobs or being reassigned. Collections are becoming depleted owing to budget cuts. Some principals believe that in the age of the Internet and the classroom workstation, the school library is an artifact” (9. Within this context, school librarians are looking to our research literature for evidence of the impact that school library programs have on learning outcomes and student success. They are integrating that evidence into their practice, and reflecting upon what can be improved locally. They are focusing on students and showing the impact of school libraries and librarians on student achievement. Todd notes, “If we do not show value, we will not have a future. Evidence-based practice is not about the survival of school librarians, it’s about the survival of our students” (40. In this issue we feature school libraries and their connection to evidence based practice. Former Editor-in-Chief, Lindsay Glynn, began putting the wheels in motion for this feature almost a year ago. She invited Carol Gordon and Ross Todd to act as guest editors of the section, drawing upon their contacts and previous work in this field. The result is an issue with five feature articles exploring different aspects of the connection between school libraries and evidence based practice, from the theoretical to the practical. In addition, there is a thought-provoking Commentary by David Loertscher, asking whether we need the evolutionary model of evidence based practice, or something more revolutionary!In addition to the Feature section, we have a well-rounded issue with articles on the topics of library human resources, and the development of a scholars’ portal. As well, there are a record 10 evidence summaries and our educational EBL101 column. I hope there is something for everyone in this issue of EBLIP – enjoy, and see you soon in Stockholm!

Denise Koufogiannakis

2009-06-01

199

Validity and reliability of the Dutch translation of the VISA-P questionnaire for patellar tendinopathy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The VISA-P questionnaire evaluates severity of symptoms, knee function and ability to play sports in athletes with patellar tendinopathy. This English-language self-administered brief patient outcome score was developed in Australia to monitor rehabilitation and to evaluate outcome of clinical studies. Aim of this study was to translate the questionnaire into Dutch and to study the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the VISA-P. Methods The questionnaire was translated into Dutch according to internationally recommended guidelines. Test-retest reliability was determined in 99 students with a time interval of 2.5 weeks. To determine discriminative validity of the Dutch VISA-P, 18 healthy students, 15 competitive volleyball players (at-risk population, 14 patients with patellar tendinopathy, 6 patients who had surgery for patellar tendinopathy, 17 patients with knee injuries other than patellar tendinopathy, and 9 patients with symptoms unrelated to their knees completed the Dutch VISA-P. Results The Dutch VISA-P questionnaire showed satisfactory test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.74. The mean (± SD VISA-P scores were 95 (± 9 for the healthy students, 89 (± 11 for the volleyball players, 58 (± 19 for patients with patellar tendinopathy, and 56 (± 21 for athletes who had surgery for patellar tendinopathy. Patients with other knee injuries or symptoms unrelated to the knee scored 62 (± 24 and 77 (± 24. Conclusion The translated Dutch version of the VISA-P questionnaire is equivalent to its original version, has satisfactory test-retest reliability and is a valid score to evaluate symptoms, knee function and ability to play sports of Dutch athletes with patellar tendinopathy.

van den Akker-Scheek Inge

2009-08-01

200

Reliability and Validity of Beliefs about Substance Use (BSU Questionnaire in Alcohol Dependent Patients.  

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Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Beliefs About Substance Use Questionnaire (BSU which was originally developed by Wright (1993. Method: Seventy alcohol addicted inpatients, who were admitted to Ankara D??kap? Y?ld?r?m Beyaz?t Education and Research Hospital Psychiatry Clinic, 31 healthy volunteers who had never used alcohol and 33 social drinkers were evaluated. For all groups, BSU and Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ, for the patient groups, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA, Dysfunctional Attitudes Questionnaire (DAS and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ were used as the assessment tools. The correlations and differences between the questionnaires were studied. Results: Mean age of the addicted patients, healthy controls and social drinkers were 42,3± 7,0, 33,5± 9,9 and 33,2± 8,9, respectively. In patient group, mean BSU score was 46,4 ± 21,2. For alcohol addicts, internal reliability of BSU was found to be adequate (Cronbach alfa=0.91 and item-total score correlations were between 0.33 and 0.69. Basic component analysis showed one basic factor. A positive correlation has been found between BSU and CBQ, and ATQ scores. No correlations have been found between total and subscale scores of DAS and total scores of CIWA, BAI and BSU. In evaluation of validity, BSU mean scores of alcohol addicts were found to be significantly higher than healthy controls and social drinkers. Conclusion: Our findings support that Turkish version of BSU is an adequate tool that can be used to evaluate alcohol addicted patients` cognitive believes about alcohol use

Selçuk ASLAN

2012-11-01

201

Quality of life in thalassemia major: Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the SF-36 questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the eight-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 questionnaire translated into Persian for use in Iranian patients with thalassemia major. Materials and Methods: Using a standard "forward-backward" translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian. Two hundred patients with thalassemia major following up at the Thalassemia Center, Dastgheib Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, were enrolled in this study. Statistical Analysis: The reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire were assessed by Cronbach?s alpha coefficient and Spearman?s correlation, respectively. Validity was assessed using convergent and discriminant validity. Results: The mean age of 200 subjects enrolled in the study was 19.81+/-4.07 years. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory results (Cronbach?s a coefficient = 0.915. The factor analysis showed that all items were in the same groups as previous studies with the exception of role emotional and general health that had been substituted. Most of the patients were in lower range of normal for both mental and physical summary status. Conclusions: The study finding showed that the Persian version of SF-36 questionnaire has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the quality of life of patients with thalassemia major.

Jafari H

2008-01-01

202

Homemade Laser Show  

Science.gov (United States)

With a laser pointer and some household items, learners can create their own laser light show. They can explore diffuse reflection, refraction and diffraction. The webpage includes a video which shows how to set up the activity and also includes scientific explanation. Because this activity involves lasers, it requires adult supervision.

2012-07-09

203

Development and Validation of the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Purpose . Develop and demonstrate preliminary validation of a brief questionnaire aimed at assessing social cognitive determinants of physical activity (PA) in a college population. Design . Quantitative and observational. Setting . A midsized northeastern university. Subjects . Convenience sample of 827 male and female college students age 18 to 24 years. Measures . International Physical Activity Questionnaire and a PA stage-of-change algorithm. Analysis . A sequential process of survey development, including item generation and data reduction analyses by factor analysis, was followed with the goal of creating a parsimonious questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used for confirmatory factor analysis and construct validation was confirmed against self-reported PA and stage of change. Validation analyses were replicated in a second, independent sample of 1032 college students. Results . Fifteen items reflecting PA self-regulation, outcome expectations, and personal barriers explained 65% of the questionnaire data and explained 28.6% and 39.5% of the variance in total PA and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA, respectively. Scale scores were distinguishable across the stages of change. Findings were similar when the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire (CBPAQ) was tested in a similar and independent sample of college students (40%; R(2) moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA = .40; p studies aiming at understanding and improving on PA behavior in college students. PMID:25162324

Schembre, Susan M; Durand, Casey P; Blissmer, Bryan J; Greene, Geoffrey W

2014-08-27

204

Validation of a maternal questionnaire on correlates of physical activity in preschool children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Valid measures of physical activity correlates in preschool children are lacking. This study aimed to assess the validity, factor structure and internal consistency of a maternal questionnaire on potential correlates of four-year-old children's physical activity. Methods The questionnaire was designed to measure the following constructs: child personal factors; parental support and self-efficacy for providing support; parental rules and restrictions; maternal attitudes and perceptions; maternal behaviour; barriers to physical activity; and the home and local environments. Two separate studies were conducted. Study I included 24 mothers of four-year-old children who completed the questionnaire then participated in a telephone interview covering similar items to the questionnaire. To assess validity, the agreement between interview and questionnaire responses was assessed using Cohen's kappa and percentage agreement. Study II involved 398 mothers of four-year-old children participating in the Southampton Women's Survey. In this study, principal components analysis was used to explore the factor structure of the questionnaire to aid future analyses with these data. The internal consistency of the factors identified was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Results Kappa scores showed 30% of items to have moderate agreement or above, 23% to have fair agreement and 47% to have slight or poor agreement. However, 89% of items had fair agreement as assessed by percentage agreement (? 66%. Limited variation in responses to variables is likely to have contributed to some of the low kappa values. Six questions had a low kappa and low percentage agreement (defined as poor validity; these included questions from the child personal factors, maternal self-efficacy, rules and restrictions, and local environment domains. The principal components analysis identified eleven factors and found several variables to stand alone. Eight of the composite factors identified had acceptable internal consistency (? ? 0.60 and three fell just short of achieving this (0.60 > ? > 0.50. Conclusion Overall, this maternal questionnaire had reasonable validity and internal consistency for assessing potential correlates of physical activity in young children. With minor revision, this could be a useful tool for future research in this area. This, in turn, will aid the development of interventions to promote physical activity in this age group.

Inskip Hazel M

2009-12-01

205

A longitudinal examination of early communicative development: evidence from a parent-report questionnaire.  

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The present research employed a longitudinal design to assess the verbal and non-verbal communicative abilities of a sample of 104 children, using two different parent-report instruments: the Questionnaire for Communication and Early Language (QCEL) development at 12, 16, and 20 months, and the Italian adaptation of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Gestures at 23 months. The results supported and extended previous data about the validity of the QCEL, by showing that: (1) both verbal and non-verbal variables predicted the level of language development at 23 months; (2) children classified as at-risk with the QCEL had reduced vocabulary size and a lower number of sentences at 23 months; (3) early individual differences in the use of words and gestures were associated with later differences in linguistic abilities. It is concluded that the longitudinal use of the QCEL questionnaire can provide useful information about language development. PMID:21848747

Longobardi, Emiddia; Rossi-Arnaud, Clelia; Spataro, Pietro

2011-09-01

206

Psychometric properties of the physical self-concept questionnaire with mexican university students (.).  

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-This study analyzes, in a sample of Mexican students, the factor structure of the Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire of Goñi, Ruiz de Azúa, and Rodríguez (2006) , which assesses physical ability, physical fitness, attractiveness, strength, general physical self-concept, and global self-concept. A representative sample of 1,466 Mexican university physical education students was selected (754 men, 712 women; M age = 20.6 yr., SD = 2.0). Confirmatory factor analysis showed a two-factor structure (motor competency and physical attractiveness). The two-factor structure, regarding statistical and substantive criteria, had good fit indices. Results of the factor analyses carried out with the sub-samples indicated a strong stability and evidence for the factor structure obtained. The findings support the use of this questionnaire to measure physical self-concept in Mexican university students. Future studies should replicate these findings in other populations. PMID:25730750

Blanco, José R; Blanco, Humberto; Viciana, Jesús; Zueck, Carmen

2015-04-01

207

Questionnaire on the measurement condition of distribution coefficient  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution coefficient is used for various transport models to evaluate the migration behavior of radionuclides in the environment and is very important parameter in environmental impact assessment of nuclear facility. The questionnaire was carried out for the purpose of utilizing for the proposal of the standard measuring method of distribution coefficient. This report is summarized the result of questionnairing on the sampling methods and storage condition, the pretreatment methods, the analysis items in the physical/chemical characteristics of the sample, and the distribution coefficient measuring method and the measurement conditions in the research institutes within country. (author)

Takebe, Shinichi; Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment] [and others

2001-05-01

208

Questionnaire assessment based on signs, symptoms and history in the prevention of colorectal cancer  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC is an important pathology characterized by tumors in colorectal segments. Colonoscopy is the gold standard of CRC detection, but it is very expensive. Then, new methods are required for CRC screening to reduce mortality and improve the cost-benefit ratio. Objective: Evaluate the efficacy of a questionnaire (QSSA based on signs and symptoms of CRC. METHODS: The QSSA was answered by 40 patients, before the colonoscopy procedure. The patients were divided into two groups: group I, with 20 patients showing positive result in the questionnaire, and group II, with 20 people showing negative result in the questionnaire. Colonoscopy was considered positive when presenting neoplasm or its precursor. The result was statistically analyzed by Fischer's exact test and sensitivity calculation. RESULTS: The results showed 14 positive and 26 negative colonoscopies. Group I had 9 positive and 11 negative colonoscopies and Group II, 5 positive and 15 negative (p=0.20 colonoscopies. The questionnaire presented sensitivity of 64.2%. CONCLUSION: The use of this questionnaire based on signs and symptoms of CCR alone was not effective in CCR screening.INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer colorretal (CCR é uma importante afecção caracterizada pela presença de tumores localizados no colón ou reto. A colonoscopia, padrão ouro na detecção do CCR, demanda alto custo. Assim, há necessidade de métodos de triagem eficazes, visando um melhor custo beneficio na diminuição da mortalidade do CCR. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes (QSSA em predizer o CCR. Métodos: O QSSA foi aplicado a 40 pacientes, momentos antes da realização do exame colonoscópico, no intuito de compor dois grupos: grupo I formado pelos 20 primeiros que apresentassem o QSSA positivo, e grupo II formado pelos 20 primeiros com QSSA negativo. A colonoscopia positiva foi aquela com achado de neoplasia ou lesões precursoras do CCR. O resultado foi submetido à análise estatística através do Teste Exato de Fischer e do cálculo da sensibilidade, especificidade, acurácia e valores preditivos positivos e negativos. RESULTADO: Observaram-se 14 colonoscopias positivas e 26 colonoscopias negativas, assim distribuídas: grupo I, 9 positivas e 11 negativas; grupo II, 5 positivas e 15 negativas (p=0,20. O questionário apresentou sensibilidade de 64,2%. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes usado isoladamente não mostrou eficácia no rastreamento de lesões neoplásicas.

Walysson Alves Tocantins de Sousa

2011-12-01

209

Questionnaire assessment based on signs, symptoms and history in the prevention of colorectal cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer colorretal (CCR) é uma importante afecção caracterizada pela presença de tumores localizados no colón ou reto. A colonoscopia, padrão ouro na detecção do CCR, demanda alto custo. Assim, há necessidade de métodos de triagem eficazes, visando um melhor custo beneficio na diminuiçã [...] o da mortalidade do CCR. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes (QSSA) em predizer o CCR. Métodos: O QSSA foi aplicado a 40 pacientes, momentos antes da realização do exame colonoscópico, no intuito de compor dois grupos: grupo I formado pelos 20 primeiros que apresentassem o QSSA positivo, e grupo II formado pelos 20 primeiros com QSSA negativo. A colonoscopia positiva foi aquela com achado de neoplasia ou lesões precursoras do CCR. O resultado foi submetido à análise estatística através do Teste Exato de Fischer e do cálculo da sensibilidade, especificidade, acurácia e valores preditivos positivos e negativos. RESULTADO: Observaram-se 14 colonoscopias positivas e 26 colonoscopias negativas, assim distribuídas: grupo I, 9 positivas e 11 negativas; grupo II, 5 positivas e 15 negativas (p=0,20). O questionário apresentou sensibilidade de 64,2%. CONCLUSÃO: A utilização de um questionário de sinais, sintomas e antecedentes usado isoladamente não mostrou eficácia no rastreamento de lesões neoplásicas. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important pathology characterized by tumors in colorectal segments. Colonoscopy is the gold standard of CRC detection, but it is very expensive. Then, new methods are required for CRC screening to reduce mortality and improve the cost-benefit ratio. Object [...] ive: Evaluate the efficacy of a questionnaire (QSSA) based on signs and symptoms of CRC. METHODS: The QSSA was answered by 40 patients, before the colonoscopy procedure. The patients were divided into two groups: group I, with 20 patients showing positive result in the questionnaire, and group II, with 20 people showing negative result in the questionnaire. Colonoscopy was considered positive when presenting neoplasm or its precursor. The result was statistically analyzed by Fischer's exact test and sensitivity calculation. RESULTS: The results showed 14 positive and 26 negative colonoscopies. Group I had 9 positive and 11 negative colonoscopies and Group II, 5 positive and 15 negative (p=0.20) colonoscopies. The questionnaire presented sensitivity of 64.2%. CONCLUSION: The use of this questionnaire based on signs and symptoms of CCR alone was not effective in CCR screening.

Walysson Alves Tocantins de, Sousa; Leonardo Carvalho Moura, Fé; Lory Noronha de Castro, Monte.

2011-12-01

210

A comparison of the NEIVFQ25 and GQL-15 questionnaires in Nigerian glaucoma patients  

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Full Text Available Chigozie A Mbadugha, Adeola O Onakoya, Olufisayo T Aribaba, Folashade B AkinsolaGuinness Eye Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos State, NigeriaAim: To compare two vision-specific quality of life (QOL instruments – the disease-specific 15-item Glaucoma Quality of Life questionnaire (GQL-15 and the nonglaucoma-specific 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEIVFQ25.Methods: The QOL of 132 glaucoma patients being managed in Lagos University Teaching Hospital and an equal number of controls matched for age and sex was assessed using two vision-specific instruments: GQL-15 and the NEIVFQ25. The categorization of the severity of glaucoma into mild, moderate, and severe disease was determined using the degree of visual field loss. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 15; SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL software program was used for analyzing the data obtained. Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to assess the correlation between the scores from the two questionnaires.Results: Patients had the greatest difficulty with activities affected by glare and dark adaptation in the GQL-15. Driving and general vision were the factors most affected in the NEIVFQ25. The Spearman rho values showed strong correlations (rho > 0.55 between the NEIVFQ25 and GQL-15 QOL scores for the total number of participants (rho: –0.75, total number of cases (rho: –0.83, and the mild (rho: –0.76, moderate (rho: –0.75, and severe (rho: –0.84 cases. There was a moderate correlation (rho: –0.38 for QOL scores of controls. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.94 for the GQL-15 and 0.93 for the NEIVFQ25, showing high internal consistency for both questionnaires.Conclusion: The GQL-15 and the NEIVFQ25 questionnaires showed high internal consistency, correlated strongly with each other, and were reliable in the assessment of glaucoma patients in this study.Keywords: primary open-angle glaucoma, quality of life questionnaires, GQL-15, NEIVFQ25

Mbadugha CA

2012-09-01

211

The Diane Rehm Show  

Science.gov (United States)

The Diane Rehm Show has its origins in a mid-day program at WAMU in Washington, D.C. Diane Rehm came on to host the program in 1979, and in 1984 it was renamed "The Diane Rehm Show". Over the past several decades, Rehm has played host to hundreds of guests, include Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Julie Andrews, and President Bill Clinton. This website contains an archive of her past programs, and visitors can use the interactive calendar to look through past shows. Those visitors looking for specific topics can use the "Topics" list on the left-hand side of the page, or also take advantage of the search engine. The show has a number of social networking links, including a Facebook page and a Twitter feed.

212

Temporomandibular disorders among Brazilian adolescents: reliability and validity of a screening questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) screeners assume significant item overlap with the screening questionnaire proposed by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP). Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of AAOP questions for TMD screening among adolescents. [...] Material and Methods: Diagnoses from Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis I were used as reference standard. Reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (KR-20) and inter-item correlation. Validity was tested by sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, accuracy and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the relationship between the true-positive rate (sensitivity) and the false-positive rate (specificity). Test-retest reliability of AAOP questions and intra-examiner reproducibility of RDC/TMD Axis I were tested with kappa statistics. Results: The sample consisted of 1307 Brazilian adolescents (56.8% girls; n=742), with mean age of 12.72 years (12.69 F/12.75 M). According to RDC/TMD, 397 [30.4% (32.7% F/27.3% M)] of adolescents presented TMD, of which 330 [25.2% (27.6% F/22.2% M)] were painful TMD. Because of low consistency, items #8 and #10 of the AAOP questionnaire were excluded. Remaining items (of the long questionnaire version) showed good consistency and validity for three positive responses or more. After logistic regression, items #4, #6, #7 and #9 also showed satisfactory consistency and validity for two or more positive responses (short questionnaire version). Both versions demonstrated excellent specificity (about 90%), but higher sensitivity for detecting painful TMD (78.2%). Better reproducibility was obtained for the short version (k=0.840). Conclusions: The Portuguese version of AAOP questions showed both good reliability and validity for the screening of TMD among adolescents, especially painful TMD, according to RDC/TMD.

Ana Lucia, FRANCO-MICHELONI; Giovana, FERNANDES; Daniela Aparecida de Godoi, GONÇALVES; Cinara Maria, CAMPARIS.

2014-07-01

213

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96, 57-72], on which this research was modelled, positive and negative outcomes were the main factors for all foods, accounting jointly for between 33 and 40% of expectancy variance in factor analysis and predicting as much as 16% of the variance in relevant food intake measures by linear regression. Expected positive and negative outcomes of eating were predominantly immediate psychological after-effects, rather than including orosensory experiences, or longer-term effects on health or well-being. Other expectancies varied from food to food. FEQ expectancies for different foods have similar factor structure and were related to self-reported diet, the FEQ therefore shows promise as a means of modelling cognitions about eating. PMID:15949872

Reid, Marie; Bunting, Jane; Hammersley, Richard

2005-10-01

214

Validity and Reliability of the School Physical Activity Environment Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the current study was to establish the factor validity of the Questionnaire Assessing School Physical Activity Environment (Robertson-Wilson, Levesque, & Holden, 2007) using confirmatory factor analysis procedures. Another goal was to establish internal reliability and test-retest reliability. The confirmatory factor analysis results

Martin, Jeffrey J.; McCaughtry, Nate; Flory, Sara; Murphy, Anne; Wisdom, Kimberlydawn

2011-01-01

215

Factor Analysis of the Attributional Style Questionnaire: Attributions, Outcomes, Events.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attributional style as it has been operationalized in the Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ) was critically assessed. A sample of 538 senior high school and college students completed the ASQ. The resulting ASQ data were then intercorrelated, factor analyzed, and compared to hypothesized matrices for all items, good outcome items, and bad…

Atkinson, Leslie; And Others

216

Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric Evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The psychometric properties of the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ) (N. Kaslow and S. Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) were studied with 1086 children, 9 to 12 years old. Results indicate the revised version to be somewhat less reliable than the original, but with equivalent criterion-related validity for self-reported depression.…

Thompson, Martie; Kaslow, Nadine J.; Weiss, Bahr; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

1998-01-01

217

Aberrant behavior of preschool children: Evaluation of questionnaire  

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Full Text Available In the study metric characteristics of children aberrant behavior questionnaire were analyzed. The analysis was performed on the sample of 1.165 children, aged 4-7, in preschool institutions in several towns of Vojvodina. The questionnaire contained 36 items of the Likert-type scale and was filled in by one parent of each child. The authors examined main metric characteristics of the complete questionnaire, as well as individual items under the Rasche’s measurement model. Generally, parents seldom notice aberrant behavior in their children. Most frequently they notice stubbornness, while very rarely torturing of animals. The item discrimination, on the whole, was found satisfying. The reliability of the questionnaire is 0.84., and all indicators of misfit are within satisfactory ranges. According to differential functioning of the items, the authors found gender and age specificities of parents’ evaluation of aberrant behavior of their children. Parents often notice stubbornness and moldiness in girls, and aggression in boys. According to the parent’s observations, younger children are characterized by nail nibbling, ticklishness, and fearfulness, whereas older children show a tendency to force their way by crying, waywardness and bed-wetting. By means of factor analysis of the items, three principal facets of aberrant behavior were determined: overindulgence, shyness and quarrelsomeness. Cross validation (hold out showed that these three facets were robust in relation to the selection of the sample.

Fajgelj Stanislav

2007-01-01

218

Usefulness of a psychometric questionnaire in exploring parental attitudes in children's dental care.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this methodological study we investigated the usefulness and reliability of a questionnaire designed to capture 4 aspects of parental dental attitudes: dental knowledge, child oral health behavior, perceived importance of dental related aims, and parental responsibility. The study was undertaken in a group of 140 parents of schoolchildren aged 8-12 years from four comprehensive schools in Sweden. Test-retest reliability, quantified by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) or by Cohen's kappa, varied from acceptable to excellent for different aspects of the questionnaire. The knowledge and responsibility-taking sections were also answered by a group of dental experts who showed a high level of internal agreement. Expert profiles, to which the parental assessments could be compared, were created. Exploration of the 4 aspects showed that this group of parents commonly had a multifocal view on the etiology and prevention of caries. Correlations between their knowledge assessments and the assessments made by the expert group varied from moderately negative to strongly positive. The parents revealed a high degree of dental-related motivation and responsibility, particularly according to oral health behaviors. In conclusion, the results indicate that this 4-part psychometric questionnaire might be a suitable instrument in investigations of priority and responsibility-taking as new aspects of parental dental attitudes, along with dental knowledge and child oral health behaviors. PMID:11318040

Arnrup, K; Berggren, U; Broberg, A G

2001-02-01

219

Demonstration Road Show  

Science.gov (United States)

The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at S. E. Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Information provided includes descriptions of the material and links to other resources.

2009-04-06

220

Showing What They Know  

Science.gov (United States)

Having students show their skills in three dimensions, known as performance-based assessment, dates back at least to Socrates. Individual schools such as Barrington High School--located just outside of Providence--have been requiring students to actively demonstrate their knowledge for years. The Rhode Island's high school graduating class became…

Cech, Scott J.

2008-01-01

221

Blue Ribbon Art Show.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the process of selecting judges for a Blue Ribbon Art Show (Springfield, Missouri). Used adults (teachers, custodians, professional artists, parents, and principals) chosen by the Willard South Elementary School art teacher to judge student artwork. States that nominated students received blue ribbons. (CMK)

Bowen, Judy Domeny

2002-01-01

222

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: a psychometric evaluation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

2010-01-01

223

Tradução e validação de conteúdo da versão em português do Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Translation and content validation of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire into Portuguese language  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O Childhood Trauma Questionnaire é um instrumento auto-aplicável em adolescentes e adultos que investigam história de abuso e negligência durante a infância. O objetivo do trabalho foi de traduzir, adaptar e validar o conteúdo do questionário para uma versão em português denominada Questionário Sobre Traumas na Infância. MÉTODOS: O processo de tradução e adaptação envolveu cinco etapas: (1 tradução; (2 retradução; (3 correção e adaptação semântica; (4 validação do conteúdo por profissionais da área (juízes e (5 avaliação por amostra da população-alvo, por intermédio de uma escala verbal-numérica. RESULTADOS: As 28 questões e as instruções iniciais traduzidas e adaptadas criaram o Questionário Sobre Traumas na Infância. Na avaliação pela população-alvo, 32 usuários adultos do Sistema Único de Saúde responderam a avaliação, com boa compreensão do instrumento na escala verbal-numérica (média=4,86±0,27. CONCLUSÕES: A versão mostrou ser de fácil compreensão obtendo-se adequada validação semântica. Entretanto, ainda carece de estudos que avaliem outras qualidades psicométricas.OBJECTIVE: The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire is a self-applied instrument for adolescents and adults to assess childhood abuse. The objective was to translate, adapt and validate the questionnaire content into a Portuguese language version called Questionário sobre Traumas na Infância. METHODS: The translation and adaptation into Portuguese was carried out in five steps: (1 translation; (2 back translation; (3 correction and semantic adaptation; (4 content validation by professional experts (judges; and (5 a final critical assessment by the target population using a verbal rating scale. RESULTS: The translated and adapted 28-item Portuguese version of the scale and instructions produced an instrument called Questionário sobre Traumas na Infância. In the assessment by the target population, 32 adult users of the Brazilian Unified Health System answered the questionnaire and showed good understanding of the instrument (mean=4.86±0.27 in the verbal rating scale. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire's Portuguese version proved to be easily understandable showing good semantic validation. Nevertheless, further studies should address other psychometric characteristics of this instrument.

Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira

2006-04-01

224

Detecting exacerbations using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Early treatment of COPD exacerbations has shown to be important. Despite a non-negligible negative impact on health related quality of life, a large proportion of these episodes is not reported (no change in treatment). Little is known whether (low burden) strategies are able to capture these unreported exacerbations. Methods The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is a short questionnaire with great evaluative properties in measuring health status. The current explorative s...

Ca, Trappenburg Jaap; Touwen Irene; de Weert-van Oene Gerdien H; Bourbeau Jean; Monninkhof Evelyn M; Jm, Verheij Theo; Lammers Jan-Willem J; Jp, Schrijvers Augustinus

2010-01-01

225

Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC: A newly proposed brief questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to design a brief questionnaire to measure fears about recurrence and health in cancer survivors. Research involving fear of recurrence has been increasing, indicating that it is an important concern among cancer survivors. Methods We developed and tested a six-item instrument, the Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC. Construct validity was examined in a multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA with 592 short-term and 161 long-term cancer survivors. Convergent and discriminant validity was examined through comparisons with the PANAS (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression measures. Results CFA models for the ASC with short- and long-term survivors showed good fit, with equivalent structure across both groups of cancer survivors. Convergent and discriminant validity was also supported through analyses of the PANAS and CES-D. One item (children's health worry did not perform as well as the others, so the models were re-run with the item excluded, and the overall fit was improved. Conclusion The ASC showed excellent internal consistency and validity. We recommend the revised five-item instrument as an appropriate measure for assessment of cancer survivor worries.

Pagano Ian S

2007-03-01

226

On seismic intensities of questionnaires for 1996 earthquake near Akita-Miyagi prefecture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The earthquake occurred in 1996 near the border of Akita and Miyagi Prefectures was a seismic activity in mountainous area with low population density. However, since a necessity was felt to make a seismic intensity survey, a questionnaire investigation was carried out. The investigation placed a focus on the following points: (1) to learn seismic intensity distribution in the vicinity of the epicenter by using replies to the questionnaire and (2) to learn what evacuation activities the residents have taken to avoid disasters from the earthquake, which is an inland local earthquake occurred first since the Hyogoken-nanbu earthquake in 1995. Because the main shock has occurred in the Akita prefecture side, the shocks were concentrated at Akinomiya, Takamatsu, Sugawa and Koyasu areas where the intensities were 4.0 to 4.5 in most cases. The largest aftershocks were concentrated to the Miyagi prefecture side, with an intensity of 6.0 felt most, followed by 5.5. The questionnaire on evacuation actions revealed a result of about 37% of the reply saying, ``I have jumped out of my house before I knew what has happened`` and ``I remember nothing about what I did because I was acting totally instinctively``. The answers show how intense the experience was. This result indicates how to make the unconscious actions turned into conscious actions is an important issue in preventing disasters. 11 figs.

Nogoshi, M.; Sasaki, N. [Akita University, Akita (Japan). College of Education; Nakamura, M. [Nippon Geophysical Prospecting Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1997-05-27

227

Validation of eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q)--Spanish version--for screening eating disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examines the internal consistency, convergent validity, and sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of the Spanish version of the Eating Disorder Examination-Self-Report Questionnaire (S-EDE-Q), as a screening questionnaire for eating disorders (ED) in a community sample. Participants were 1543 male and female Spanish-speaking students (age range: 12-21 years), who volunteered to complete the S-EDE-Q and the EAT-40. The Spanish version of the Eating Disorders Examination (S-EDE) interview, 12th edition, was administered to 602 of the students. Acceptable internal consistency for the four subscales of the S-EDE-Q was obtained (alpha > or = .74). Corrected point-biserial correlation performed with the 22 items included in the S-EDE-Q subscales showed acceptable values for all the items. The EAT-40 Dieting subscale correlated highly and positively with the four S-EDE-Q subscales (r > or = .70). Acceptable results in sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value when compared with the EDE were found. Correlation between S-EDE and S-EDE-Q diagnoses was positive and significant. Overall, results support the psychometric adequacy of the S-EDE-Q as a screening questionnaire for ED in community samples. PMID:22774455

Peláez-Fernández, María Angeles; Javier Labrador, Francisco; Raich, Rosa María

2012-07-01

228

Adaptation, Validity and Reliability of the Body Sensations Questionnaire Turkish Version  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ. Method: BSQ was administered to 122 patients with panic disorder. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Socio-demographic Data Form and BSQ Turkish version were administered to participants. Construct validity was assesed by factor analysis after Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett tests applied. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 66% (n=80 of the participants were female and 34% (n=42 were male. The mean age of participants was 31,7±10,8 years and age range was 18-58 years. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was calculated 0,921 by Cronbach alpha. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaire were found as 0,889 and 0,850. Again spearmen-brown coefficient was found as 0,849 by the same analysis. Factor analysis revealed five basic factors. 75,2% of the total variance was explained with these five factors. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of BSQ is a reliable and valid scale for measuring the fear of the bodily sensations associated with panic.

Aysegül KART

2014-03-01

229

The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to assess the construct equivalence of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ, and to investigate the manifestation of job satisfaction at selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a random sample (N = 474 was used. The MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results confirmed a two-factor model of job satisfaction, consisting of extrinsic job satisfaction and intrinsic job satisfaction. Exploratory factor analysis with target rotations conf rmed the construct equivalence of scales for the black and white groups. The results obtained from comparing job satisfaction levels of various demographic groups showed that practically significant differences existed between the job satisfaction of different age and race groups.

How to cite this article:

Buitendach, J.H., & Rothmann, S. (2009. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/ SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 7(1, Art. #183, 8 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v7i1.183

Sebastiaan Rothmann

2009-04-01

230

[Development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students].  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reports about the development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students. Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008) for children and adolescents aims not only to monitor and differentiate emotions but also to measure attitudes about emotions. It consists of six factors: differentiating emotions, verbal sharing of emotions, not hiding emotion, bodily awareness, attending to others' emotion, analyses of emotions. To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the EAQ, junior high school students (7th to 9th grades) were requested to complete the questionnaires (n = 535 in time 1, n = 537 in time 2, n = 330 in time 3). The results showed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had almost the same six-factor structure as the original one. It also had moderate internal consistency and test-retest reliability (three weeks). The validity of the scale was examined in relation to emotional intelligence, social anxiety, depression, psychological stress responses, evaluation of emotions, self esteem and sense of authenticity. The results confirmed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had good validity. PMID:24063149

Ishizu, Kenichiro; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

2013-08-01

231

The Czech version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Czech language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Czech CHAQ-CHQ were fully validated with 3 forward and 3 backward translations. A total of 150 subjects were enrolled: 81 patients with JIA (14% systemic onset, 44% polyarticular onset, 10% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 32% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 69 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Czech version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510330

Dolezalová, P; Ruperto, N; N?mcová, D; Blichová, M; Hoza, J

2001-01-01

232

Empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy: questionnaire development.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to develop a questionnaire that can observe empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy and examine the structure of its factors. A questionnaire comprised of 160 items in five-point Likert-type scale was developed through analysis of communication and interaction related to empathizing during group sessions. The questionnaire was applied on 256 patients from 40 therapy groups in 9 cities in Croatia. All 20 group analysts are trained in the Institute for Group Analysis in Zagreb. The patients were selected based on group analysis criteria. After item discrimination and principal component analysis limited to five factors were assessed, 80 items were isolated, 20 of which made a control scale for socially desirable responses. Two parallel questionnaire forms were developed: Group-Analysis-Empathy 1 (GA-Em1) and Group-Analysis-Empathy 2 (GA-Em2). A new, reliable and valid questionnaire for empathy observation employable in group psychotherapy was designed. The following factors were isolated by means of factor analysis: 1. Emotional disclosure and sensibility; 2. Containing and metabolizing; 3. Immersion; 4. Resonance and responsiveness; 5. Insight. A new questionnaire on empathy in group-analytical psychotherapy can measure the capacity for emotional communication among group members and between the group and the group analyst - conductor. PMID:18982775

Pavlovi?, Slavica; Vlastelica, Mirela

2008-09-01

233

Show-Me Center  

Science.gov (United States)

The Show-Me Center is a partnership of four NSF-sponsored middle grades mathematics curriculum development Satellite Centers (University of Wisconsin, Michigan State University, University of Montana, and the Educational Development Center). The group's website provides "information and resources needed to support selection and implementation of standards-based middle grades mathematics curricula." The Video Showcase includes segments on Number, Algebra, Geometry, Measure, and Data Analysis, with information on ways to obtain the complete video set. The Curricula Showcase provides general information, unit goals, sample lessons and teacher pages spanning four projects: the Connected Mathematics Project (CMP), Mathematics in Context (MiC), MathScape: Seeing and Thinking Mathematically, and Middle Grades Math Thematics. The website also posts Show-Me Center newsletters, information on upcoming conferences and workshops, and links to resources including published articles and unpublished commentary on mathematics school reform.

234

Show-Me Magazine  

Science.gov (United States)

Come along as the folks at the University of Missouri show you the history of their college days through the Show Me magazine. It's a wonderful collection of college humor published from 1946 to 1963. First-time visitors would do well to read about the magazine's colorful past, courtesy of Jerry Smith. A good place to start is the November 1920 issue (easily found when you browse by date), which contains a number of parody advertisements along with some doggerels poking good natured fun at the football team and an assortment of deans. Also, it's worth noting that visitors can scroll through issues and save them to an online "bookbag" for later use.

2008-01-01

235

Development of a self-reported Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ-SR)  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND—The Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) is an established measure of health status for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It has been found to be reproducible and sensitive to change, but as an interviewer led questionnaire is very time consuming to administer. A study was undertaken to develop a self-reported version of the CRQ (CRQ-SR) and to compare the results of this questionnaire with the conventional interviewer led CRQ (CRQ-IL).?METHO...

Williams, J.; Singh, S.; Sewell, L.; Guyatt, G.; Morgan, M.

2001-01-01

236

The development and validation of the communicating-for-change questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures the effectiveness of communication during organisational change interventions. A draft questionnaire was completed by a sample of convenience comprising 521 participants. The questionnaire contained 109 items in question format with a Likert-type response scale anchored at the extreme ends. The data was factor analysed and an iterative item analysis was executed. The results yielded a single scale with a Cronbach ...

Roodt, G.; Fourie, L.; Coetzee, C. J. H.

2002-01-01

237

Agreement, reliability and validity in 3 shoulder questionnaires in patients with rotator cuff disease  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Self-report questionnaires play an important role as outcome measures in shoulder research. Having an estimate of the measurement error of these questionnaires is of importance when assessing follow-up results after treatment and when planning intervention studies. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the Norwegian version of the OSS and WORC questionnaire and examine and compare agreement, reliability and construct validity of the disease-specific shoulder ...

Juel Niels G; Keller Anne; Tveitå Einar K; Bautz-Holter Erik; Ekeberg Ole M; Brox Jens I

2008-01-01

238

Reality, ficción o show  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Para tener un punto de vista claro y objetivo frente a la polémica establecida en torno al programa ?Protagonistas de novela? y la tendiente proliferación de los reality show en las parrillas de programación de la televisión colombiana, se realizó un análisis de texto y contenido de dicho programa, intentando definirlo desde sus posibilidades de realidad, ficción y show. Las unidades de análisis y el estudio de su tratamiento arrojaron un alto contenido que gira en torno a las emociones del ser humano relacionadas con la convivencia, tratadas a manera de show y con algunos aportes textuales de ficción, pero sin su elemento mediador básico, el actor, quitándole toda la posibilidad de tener un tratamiento con la profundidad, distancia y ética que requieren los temas de esta índole. El resultado es un formato que sólo busca altos índices de sintonía y que pertenece más a la denominada televisión ?trash?, que a una búsqueda de realidad del hombre y mucho menos de sociedad.

Sandra Ru\\u00EDz Moreno

2002-01-01

239

Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were asked to complete the SF-12 and SF-36 questionnaires. An initial test-retest reliability evaluation was performed on a sample of 70 patients from the total group, with a retest interval of 14 days. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency and validity was assessed using known-group comparisons and construct validity on the patient group as a whole. A linear regression analysis was used to assess any variation in the physical component summary and mental component summary scores of the SF-36 with the respective component summary scores of the SF-12. In addition, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha for physicaland mental component summaries were 0.89 and 0.90, respectively. The SF-12 showed a good discriminatory ability between subgroups of patients based on demographic and clinical variables. The confirmatory factor analysis for the original two-factor structure showed a good fit index (chi2 = 23.30, degrees of freedom = 13), goodness-of-fit index = 0.96, and root mean squared error of approximation = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the SF-12 has good psychometric properties and can be used as a shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Pakpour, Amir H.; Nourozi, Saeedeh

2011-01-01

240

Adapted version of the mcgill pain questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir e adaptar o McGill Pain Questionnaire para a Língua Portuguesa falada no Brasil, visando sua validação científica. Inicialmente o questionário original foi traduzido por três tradutores juramentados, fluentes em Inglês e Português falado no Brasil. Estas três tra [...] duções foram meticulosamente analisadas por cinco profissionais da saúde (três cirurgiões-dentistas, um médico e um estudante de medicina), que selecionaram para cada descritor de dor, a tradução que melhor correspondia com o termo original em Inglês. O questionário resultante foi então aplicado a 80 sujeitos (20 professores, 20 graduandos, 20 funcionários e 20 pacientes, todos ligados à Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - USP). Após adaptações visando um melhor entendimento dos descritores de dor, uma adaptação dos valores de intensidade de cada descritor de dor foi feita por 20 pós-graduandos e 20 graduandos em Odontologia, os quais foram solicitados a registrar a intensidade da dor para cada um dos descritores, com base na sua opinião pessoal. Além disso, eles preencheram a versão final do questionário traduzido a fim de identificar a persistência de possíveis dúvidas. O McGill Pain Questionnaire se mostrou um instrumento bastante útil na mensuração da dor, e a sua tradução e adaptação o tornou válido para sua utilização como instrumento de mensuração da dor em Português. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to the present a translated version of the McGill Pain Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese that adapted the original pain descriptors according to the Brazilian culture, aiming at its scientific validation. Initially, the original questionnaire was translated by 3 leg [...] ally recognized translators fluent in English and in Brazilian Portuguese. The translations were meticulously assessed by 5 health professionals (3 dentists, 1 physician and 1 medical student) who were asked to choose the best translation for each pain descriptor of the original questionnaire in English. The resulting questionnaire was applied to 80 subjects (20 professors, 20 dental students, 20 employees and 20 patients, all related to the School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo). After some adjustments to improve the understanding of the pain descriptors, an adaptation of the intensity values of each pain descriptor was done by 20 postgraduate dental students and 20 undergraduate dental students, who were asked to record, for each word, the pain intensity value based on their personal opinion. In addition, they were asked to fill out the final version of the questionnaire to identify any doubts. The McGill Pain Questionnaire proved to be a very useful tool for measuring pain, and its version in Brazilian Portuguese was validated to be used as an important diagnostic resource.

Fernando Kurita, Varoli; Vinícius, Pedrazzi.

241

The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ): Development and Validation.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ) is a short, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring leadership communication from both perspectives of the leader and the follower. Drawing on a communication-based approach to leadership and following a theoretical framework of interpersonal communication processes in organizations, this article describes the development and validation of a one-dimensional 6-item scale in four studies (total N = 604). Results from Study 1 and 2 provide evidence for the internal consistency and factorial validity of the PLCQ's self-rating version (PLCQ-SR)-a version for measuring how leaders perceive their own communication with their followers. Results from Study 3 and 4 show internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity of the PLCQ's other-rating version (PLCQ-OR)-a version for measuring how followers perceive the communication of their leaders. Cronbach's ? had an average of.80 over the four studies. All confirmatory factor analyses yielded good to excellent model fit indices. Convergent validity was established by average positive correlations of.69 with subdimensions of transformational leadership and leader-member exchange scales. Furthermore, nonsignificant correlations with socially desirable responding indicated discriminant validity. Last, criterion validity was supported by a moderately positive correlation with job satisfaction (r =.31). PMID:25511204

Schneider, Frank M; Maier, Michaela; Lovrekovic, Sara; Retzbach, Andrea

2015-02-17

242

The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM) questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental [...] factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%). Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%). Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology). Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Joaquim Edson, Vieira.

243

The postgraduate hospital educational environment measure (PHEEM questionnaire identifies quality of instruction as a key factor predicting academic achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents' perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach's alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS: The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach's alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%. Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%. Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology. Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Joaquim Edson Vieira

2008-01-01

244

Reliability and validity of television food advertising questionnaire in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interventions to counter the influence of television food advertising amongst children are important. Thus, reliable and valid instrument to assess its effect is needed. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of such a questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered twice on 32 primary schoolchildren aged 10-11 years in Selangor, Malaysia. The interval between the first and second administration was 2 weeks. Test-retest method was used to examine the reliability of the questionnaire. Intra-rater reliability was determined by kappa coefficient and internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated using factor analysis. The test-retest correlation showed moderate-to-high reliability for all scores (r = 0.40*, p = 0.02 to r = 0.95**, p = 0.00), with one exception, consumption of fast foods (r = 0.24, p = 0.20). Kappa coefficient showed acceptable-to-strong intra-rater reliability (K = 0.40-0.92), except for two items under knowledge on television food advertising (K = 0.26 and K = 0.21) and one item under preference for healthier foods (K = 0.33). Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated acceptable internal consistency for all scores (0.45-0.60). After deleting two items under Consumption of Commonly Advertised Food, the items showed moderate-to-high loading (0.52, 0.84, 0.42 and 0.42) with the Scree plot showing that there was only one factor. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was 0.60, showing that the sample was adequate for factor analysis. The questionnaire on television food advertising is reliable and valid to assess the effect of media literacy education on television food advertising on schoolchildren. PMID:24150531

Zalma, Abdul Razak; Safiah, Md Yusof; Ajau, Danis; Khairil Anuar, Md Isa

2013-10-22

245

Questionnaire for biotechs: Vical incorporated.  

Science.gov (United States)

This feature contains forward-looking statements subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking statements include statements about the company's focus, collaborative partners, product candidates, and developmental status. Risks and uncertainties include whether any product candidates will be shown to be safe and efficacious in clinical trials, the timing of clinical trials, whether Vical or its collaborative partners will seek or gain approval to market any product candidates, the dependence of the company on its collaborative partners, and additional risks set forth in the company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These forward-looking statements represent the company's judgment as of the date of this release. The company disclaims, however, any intent or obligation to update these forward-looking statements. PMID:25469422

Bilinsky, Igor P; Smith, Larry R

2014-01-01

246

Egg: the Arts Show  

Science.gov (United States)

"Egg is a new TV show about people making art across America" from PBS. This accompanying Website presents excerpts from sixteen episodes of the series, with three more "hatching soon," such as Close to Home, profiling three photographers: Jeanine Pohlhaus, whose pictures document her father's struggle with mental illness; Gregory Crewdson's photos of Lee, Massachusetts; and Joseph Rodriguez's photos of Hispanics in New York City. Excerpts include video clips, gallery listings where the artists' work can be seen, and short interviews with artists. Some episodes also offer "peeps," glimpses of material not shown on TV, such as the Space episode's peep, Shooting Stars, that provides directions for astrophotography, taking photographs of star trails. Other sections of the site are airdates, for local listings; see and do usa, where vacationers can search for art events at their destinations; and egg on the arts, a discussion forum.

247

American History Picture Show  

Science.gov (United States)

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Ms. Bennion

2009-11-23

248

Valoración Psicométrica del Cuestionario de Acoso Psicológico Percibido / Psychometric Evaluation of the Perceived Moobing Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El propósito de este estudio fue desarrollar y examinar algunas de las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Acoso Psicológico Percibido (CAPP). El CAPP es una medida de autoinforme de 15 ítems, con formato de respuesta del tipo Likert en una escala de cinco puntos, diseñado para evaluar el [...] sentimiento de acoso psicológico en el lugar de trabajo. Una muestra de 390 trabajadores en servicios humanos respondieron al CAPP juntamente con otras escalas de salud y burnout. Los datos fueron analizados con técnicas apropiadas de análisis de ítems y factorización. Los resultados mostraron una satisfactoria confiabilidad del CAPP (? = .92), así como una clara estructura factorial unidimensional de la escala. Por fin, las correlaciones entre moobing percibido, burnout y salud pueden servir de evidencia de validez de la escala. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to develop and to examine some psychometric properties of the Perceived moobing Questionnaire, a 15-item self-report questionnaire designed to measure the feeling of workplace moobing. A sample of 390 workers in human services completed the Perceived moobing Questionnaire a [...] nd additional self-report assessments of health and burnout. The data were analysed both by items and by scales, using more appropriate factoring techniques. Results showed a high internal consistency for CAPP reliability (? = .92), as well as a clear one-factor structure of the scale. Lastly, the correlations of moobing with burnout and health can be seen as evidence of validity.

Consuelo, Morán; Mónica Teresa, González; René, Landero.

2009-04-01

249

Development of a short version of the new brief job stress questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was aimed to investigate the test-retest reliability and validity of a short version of the New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ) whose scales have one item selected from a standard version. Based on the results from an anonymous web-based questionnaire of occupational health staffs and personnel/labor staffs, we selected higher-priority scales from the standard version. After selecting one item with highest item-total correlation coefficient from each scale, a 23-item questionnaire was developed. A nationally representative survey was administered to Japanese employees (n=1,633) to examine test-retest reliability and validity. Most scales (or items) showed modest but adequate levels of test-retest reliability (r>0.50). Furthermore, job demands and job resources scales (or items) were associated with mental and physical stress reactions while job resources scales (or items) were also associated with positive outcomes. These findings provided a piece of evidence that the short version of the New BJSQ is reliable and valid. PMID:24975108

Inoue, Akiomi; Kawakami, Norito; Shimomitsu, Teruichi; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Haratani, Takashi; Yoshikawa, Toru; Shimazu, Akihito; Odagiri, Yuko

2014-01-01

250

/ Psychometric properties of the Spanish validation of the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and Objectives: Mindfulness-based therapies have demonstrated effectiveness in many clinical contexts. Various therapies that train mindfulness skills have proliferated in recent years. There is increasing interest in mindfulness-based therapies and in incorporating instruments that measu [...] re mindfulness in order to understand its role in clinical and basic research. The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a questionnaire for measuring mindfulness; it was derived from a factor analysis of five different questionnaires that measure a trait-like general tendency to be mindful in daily life. The objective of this study is to validate the FFMQ in a Spanish sample. Methods: The FFMQ was administered to a sample of 462 subjects ranging from 18 to 63 years (X = 27.9; SD = 9.75). The sample was composed by clinical (n = 146) and non-clinical (n = 226) subsamples. Results: The internal reliability of the scales ranged from acceptable to very good. Convergent analysis was conducted by computing Pearson's correlations, showing high correlations. The factorial structure is the same as that proposed by Baer et al. Conclusions: The FFMQ proved to be an effective instrument for measuring mindfulness in clinical and non-clinical Spanish samples.

A., Cebolla; A., García-Palacios; J., Soler; V., Guillen; R., Baños; C., Botella.

2012-06-01

251

Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

2012-01-01

252

Importance of questionnaire context for a physical activity question  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Adequate information about physical activity habits is essential for surveillance, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives in this area. Previous studies have shown that question order and differences in wording result in systematic differences in people's responses to questionnaires; however, this has never been shown for physical activity questions. The aim was to study the influence of different formulations and question order on self-report physical activity in a population-based health interview survey. Four samples of each 1000 adults were drawn at random from the National Person Register. A new question about physical activity was included with minor differences in formulations in samples 1–3. Furthermore, the question in sample 2 was included in sample 4 but was placed in the end of the questionnaire. The mean time spent on moderate physical activity varied between the four samples from 57 to 100?min/day. Question order was associated with the reported number of minutes spent on moderate-intensity physical activity and with prevalence of meeting the recommendation, whereas physical inactivity was associated with the differences in formulation of the question. Questionnaire context influences the way people respond to questions about physical activity significantly and should be tested systematically in validation studies of physical activity questionnaires.

JØrgensen, M. E.; SØrensen, Mette Rosenlund

2013-01-01

253

Improving access for patients – a practice manager questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The administrative and professional consequences of access targets for general practices, as detailed in the new GMS contract, are unknown. This study researched the effect of implementing the access targets of the new GP contract on general practice appointment systems, and practice manager satisfaction in a UK primary health care setting. Methods A four-part postal questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was modified from previously validated questionnaires and the findings compared with data obtained from the Western Health and Social Services Board (WHSSB in N Ireland. Practice managers from the 59 general practices in the WHSSB responded to the questionnaire. Results There was a 94.9% response rate. Practice managers were generally satisfied with the introduction of access targets for patients. Some 57.1% of responding practices, most in deprived areas (Odds ratio 3.13 -95% CI 1.01 – 9.80, p = 0.0256 had modified their appointment systems. Less booking flexibility was reported among group practices (p = 0.006, urban practices (p Conclusion The findings demonstrated the ability of general practices within the WHSSB to adjust to a demanding component of the new GP contract. Issues relating to the flexibility of patient appointment booking systems, receptionists' training and the development of the primary care nursing role were highlighted by the study.

Brown James S

2006-06-01

254

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 1106 Baseline Questionnaires for 534 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to...

255

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

256

77 FR 39986 - Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

...Information Collection; Health Screening Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Health Screening Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Health Screening Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0164....

2012-07-06

257

Validation of the Spanish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ for the assessment of acceptance in fibromyalgia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ. Pain acceptance is the process of giving up the struggle with pain and learning to live a worthwhile life despite it. The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ is the questionnaire most often used to measure pain acceptance in chronic pain populations. Methods A total of 205 Spanish patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome who attended our pain clinic were asked to complete a battery of psychometric instruments: the Pain Visual Analogue Scale (PVAS for pain intensity, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36, the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ. Results Analysis of results showed that the Spanish CPAQ had good test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.83 and internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's ?: 0.83. The Spanish CPAQ score significantly correlated with pain intensity, anxiety, depression, pain catastrophising, health status and physical and psychosocial disability. The Scree plot and a Principal Components Factor analysis confirmed the same two-factor construct as the original English CPAQ. Conclusion The Spanish CPAQ is a reliable clinical assessment tool with valid construct validity for the acceptance measurement among a sample of Spanish fibromyalgia patients. This study will make it easier to assess pain acceptance in Spanish populations with fibromyalgia.

Luciano Juan V

2010-04-01

258

Dysautonomia in Narcolepsy: Evidence by Questionnaire Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

Background and Purpose Excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks are the main features of narcolepsy, but rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), hyposmia, and depression can also occur. The latter symptoms are nonmotor features in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In the present study, IPD-proven diagnostic tools were tested to determine whether they are also applicable in the assessment of narcolepsy. Methods This was a case-control study comparing 15 patients with narcolepsy (PN) and 15 control subjects (CS) using the Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's Autonomic Test (SCOPA-AUT), Parkinson's Disease Nonmotor Symptoms (PDNMS), University of Pennsylvania Smell Test, Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test, Beck Depression Inventory, and the RBD screening questionnaire. Results Both the PN and CS exhibited mild hyposmia and no deficits in visual tests. Frequent dysautonomia in all domains except sexuality was found for the PN. The total SCOPA-AUT score was higher for the PN (18.47±10.08, mean±SD) than for the CS (4.40±3.09), as was the PDNMS score (10.53±4.78 and 1.80±2.31, respectively). RBD was present in 87% of the PN and 0% of the CS. The PN were more depressed than the CS. The differences between the PN and CS for all of these variables were statistically significant (all p<0.05). Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence for the presence of dysautonomia and confirm the comorbidities of depression and RBD in narcolepsy patients. The spectrum, which is comparable to the nonmotor complex in IPD, suggests wide-ranging, clinically detectable dysfunction beyond the narcoleptic core syndrome. PMID:25324880

Klein, Gilles; Vaillant, Michel; Pieri, Vannina; Fink, Gereon R.; Diederich, Nico

2014-01-01

259

Reliability of GMFCS family report questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose: To examine the reliability of the web-based GMFCS Family Report Questionnaire (GMFCS-FR) between 8 and 11 years old children, compared with the GMFCS-Expanded and Revised (GMFCS-E&R). Method: The GMFCS-FR was translated from the English GMFCS-FR into Danish after the CanChild guidelines; only the order of levels was chosen like in the GMFCS-E&R. Families of 30 children with spastic and dystonic cerebral palsy (age from 8 to 11 years, randomly selected from a cerebral palsy register) answered the GMFCS-FR and were later interviewed by two physiotherapists. Participants and non-responders were compared on basic parameters available from the Danish CP register. Inter-rater agreement and weighted ¿ was calculated in order to compare the translated GMFCS-FR with physiotherapist's applied GMFCS-E&R. Results: The inter-rater agreement between the GMFCS-FR in Danish and the GMFCS-E&R was high (76%) and misclassification was minimal. There was a good agreement on the same or nearby levels (weighted ¿¿=¿0.76 and 0.81). The family rated the same or less ability, when compared with trained physiotherapists. Conclusion: The GMFCS-FR is a reliable tool for GMFCS evaluation among 8-11 years old Danish children with CP. The tendency for less-ability rating by families is important when performing and comparing results from epidemiological studies based on GMFCS-FR and GMFCS-E&R. [Box: see text].

Rackauskaite, Gija; Thorsen, Poul

2012-01-01

260

Development and initial validation of the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire (CMCQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on classroom goal-structures (CGS) has shown the usefulness of assessing the classroom motivational climate to evaluate educational interventions and to promote changes in teachers' activity. So, the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire for Secondary and High-School students was developed. To validate it, confirmatory factor analysis and correlation and regression analyses were performed. Results showed that the CMCQ is a highly reliable instrument that covers many of the types of teaching patterns that favour motivation to learn, correlates as expected with other measures of CGS, predicts satisfaction with teacher's work well, and allows detecting teachers who should revise their teaching. PMID:18940098

Alonso Tapia, Jesús; Fernández Heredia, Blanca

2008-11-01

261

Investigation of patient exposure doses in diagnostic radiography in 2011 questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report here the results of a dose evaluation based on information obtained in a 2011 questionnaire as compared with an investigation made in 2007. Briefly, in general radiography, the dose used in most examinations in 2011 was lower than in 2007. However, since the entrance surface dose for chest X-rays showed an increase, there is a need to standardize the taking of digital images to be able to decrease the dose. Although computed tomography dose index volume (CTDIvol) in CT examinations was higher than that revealed in the 2007 investigation, there is potential for dose reduction. (author)

262

Assessment of a new questionnaire for self-reported sun sensitivity in an occupational skin cancer screening program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Sun sensitivity of the skin is a risk factor for the development of cutaneous melanoma and other skin cancers. Epidemiological studies on causal factors for the development of melanoma must control for sun sensitivity as a confounder. A standardized instrument for measuring sun sensitivity has not been established yet. It is assumed that many studies show a high potential of residual confounding for sun sensitivity. In the present study, a new questionnaire for the assessment of self-reported sun sensitivity is administered and examined. Methods Prior to an occupational skin cancer screening program, the 745 participating employees were asked to fill in a questionnaire for self-assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire was developed by experts of the working group "Round Table Sunbeds" (RTS to limit the health hazards of sunbed use in Germany. A sun sensitivity score (RTS-score was calculated using 10 indicators. The internal consistency of the questionnaire and the agreement with other methods (convergent validity were examined. Results The RTS-score was calculated for 655 study participants who were 18 to 65 years of age. The correlation of the items among each other was between 0.12 and 0.62. The items and the RTS-score correlated between 0.46 and 0.77. The internal consistency showed a reliability coefficient with 0.82 (Cronbach's alpha. The comparison with the Fitzpatrick classification, the prevailing standard, was possible in 617 cases with a rank correlation of rs = 0.65. The categorization of the RTS-score in four risk groups showed correct classification to the four skin types of Fitzpatrick in 75% of the cases. Other methods for the assessment of sun sensitivity displayed varying agreements with the RTS-score. Conclusion The RTS questionnaire showed a sufficient internal consistency. There is a good convergent validity between the RTS-score and the Fritzpatrick classification avoiding shortcomings of the prevailing standard. The questionnaire represents a simple, reliable and valid instrument for the assessment of sun sensitivity. The questionnaire can be useful for epidemiological studies as well as for skin cancer prevention. Further development and standardization of sun sensitivity assessments is necessary to strengthen the evidence of epidemiological studies on causal factors of melanoma and other skin cancers.

Steinebrunner Beatrix

2008-10-01

263

Academic Training: Academic Training Lectures-Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

2004-01-01

264

The development and initial validation of the cognitive fusion questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) emphasizes the relationship a person has with their thoughts and beliefs as potentially more relevant than belief content in predicting the emotional and behavioral consequences of cognition. In ACT, "defusion" interventions aim to "unhook" thoughts from actions and to create psychological distance between a person and their thoughts, beliefs, memories, and self-stories. A number of similar concepts have been described in the psychology literature (e.g., decentering, metacognition, mentalization, and mindfulness) suggesting converging evidence that how we relate to mental events may be of critical importance. While there are some good measures of these related processes, none of them provides an adequate operationalization of cognitive fusion. Despite the centrality of cognitive fusion in the ACT model, there is as yet no agreed-upon measure of cognitive fusion. This paper presents the construction and development of a brief, self-report measure of cognitive fusion: The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). The results of a series of studies involving over 1,800 people across diverse samples show good preliminary evidence of the CFQ's factor structure, reliability, temporal stability, validity, discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment effects. The potential uses of the CFQ in research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:24411117

Gillanders, David T; Bolderston, Helen; Bond, Frank W; Dempster, Maria; Flaxman, Paul E; Campbell, Lindsey; Kerr, Sian; Tansey, Louise; Noel, Penelope; Ferenbach, Clive; Masley, Samantha; Roach, Louise; Lloyd, Joda; May, Lauraine; Clarke, Susan; Remington, Bob

2014-01-01

265

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Achilles tendinopathy is the predominant overuse injury in runners. To further investigate this overload injury in transverse and longitudinal studies a valid, responsive and reliable outcome measure is demanded. Most questionnaires have been developed for English-speaking populations. This is also true for the VISA-A score, so far representing the only valid, reliable, and disease specific questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy. To internationally compare research results, to perform multinational studies or to exclude bias originating from subpopulations speaking different languages within one country an equivalent instrument is demanded in different languages. The aim of this study was therefore to cross-cultural adapt and validate the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients. Methods According to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" the VISA-A score was cross-culturally adapted into German (VISA-A-G using six steps: Translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, pretesting (n = 77, and appraisal of the adaptation process by an advisory committee determining the adequacy of the cross-cultural adaptation. The resulting VISA-A-G was then subjected to an analysis of reliability, validity, and internal consistency in 30 Achilles tendinopathy patients and 79 asymptomatic people. Concurrent validity was tested against a generic tendon grading system (Percy and Conochie and against a classification system for the effect of pain on athletic performance (Curwin and Stanish. Results The "advisory committee" determined the VISA-A-G questionnaire as been translated "acceptable". The VISA-A-G questionnaire showed moderate to excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.60 to 0.97. Concurrent validity showed good coherence when correlated with the grading system of Curwin and Stanish (rho = -0.95 and for the Percy and Conochie grade of severity (rho 0.95. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha for the total VISA-A-G scores of the patients was calculated to be 0.737. Conclusion The VISA-A questionnaire was successfully cross-cultural adapted and validated for use in German speaking populations. The psychometric properties of the VISA-A-G questionnaire are similar to those of the original English version. It therefore can be recommended as a sufficiently robust tool for future measuring clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy in German speaking patients.

Nauck Tanja

2009-10-01

266

Factor Structure of the Iranian Version of 12-Item General Health Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The 12-Item General Health (GHQ-12) questionnaire is one of the most commonly used instruments in screening studies on mental health. Objectives: The current study aimed to examine the factor structure of the GHQ-12 questionnaire among the students in Iran. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study in which 428 university students were recruited and completed the GHQ-12. Reliability of the GHQ-12 was evaluated using the Cronbach's alpha and the split-half method by applying the Spearman-Brown coefficient. Factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to assess how well the EFA extracted model fitted the observed data. Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.83 years (SD = 3.09). Most of them were female (56.1%) and 81% were unemployed. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the Iranian version of GHQ-12 was 0.85. Using the split-half method, the alpha for the social dysfunction was found to be 0.77; it was 0.76 for the psychological distress. The principal component analysis revealed a two-factor structure for the questionnaire including social dysfunction and psychological distress that explained 48% of the observed variances. The confirmatory factor analysis was showed fit for the data. Conclusions: The current study findings confirm that the Iranian version of GHQ-12 has a good factor structure and is a reliable and valid instrument to measure psychological distress and social dysfunction. PMID:25593708

Rahmati Najarkolaei, Fatemeh; Raiisi, Fatemeh; Rahnama, Parvin; Gholami Fesharaki, Mohammad; Zamani, Omid; Jafari, Mohammad Reza; Montazeri, Ali

2014-01-01

267

Interviewer versus self-administered health-related quality of life questionnaires - Does it matter?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient-reported outcomes are measured in many epidemiologic studies using self- or interviewer-administered questionnaires. While in some studies differences between these administration formats were observed, other studies did not show statistically significant differences important to patients. Since the evidence about the effect of administration format is inconsistent and mainly available from cross-sectional studies our aim was to assess the effects of different administration formats on repeated measurements of patient-reported outcomes in participants with AIDS enrolled in the Longitudinal Study of Ocular Complications of AIDS. Methods We included participants enrolled in the Longitudinal Study of Ocular Complications in AIDS (LSOCA who completed the Medical Outcome Study [MOS] -HIV questionnaire, the EuroQol, the Feeling Thermometer and the Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ 25 every six months thereafter using self- or interviewer-administration. A large print questionnaire was available for participants with visual impairment. Considering all measurements over time and adjusting for patient and study site characteristics we used linear models to compare HRQL scores (all scores from 0-100 between administration formats. We defined adjusted differences of ?0.2 standard deviations [SD] to be quantitatively meaningful. Results We included 2,261 participants (80.6% males with a median of 43.1 years of age at enrolment who provided data on 23,420 study visits. The self-administered MOS-HIV, Feeling Thermometer and EuroQol were used in 70% of all visits and the VFQ-25 in 80%. For eight domains of the MOS-HIV differences between the interviewer- and self- administered format were Conclusions Our large study provides evidence that administration formats do not have a meaningful effect on repeated measurements of patient-reported outcomes. As a consequence, longitudinal studies may not need to consider the effect of different administration formats in their analyses.

Ackatz Lori E

2011-05-01

268

A pilot application of a questionnaire to evaluate visually induced motion  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: The increasing popularity of tri-dimensional (3D movies has raised public concern and media interest about the safety of projected images for spectators. No specific instrument exists to assess the occurrence of visually induced motion sickness (VIMS symptoms in 3D movie spectators in movie theaters.

Methods: We developed a questionnaire containing 20 items divided into socio demographics, individual characteristics, movie vision characteristics and VIMS symptoms (during, right after, and at two hours from the viewing of the movie . The questionnaire was self administered to 38 subjects, asking them to report time taken for its completion, comments and eventual difficulties in interpreting items.

Results: Poor understanding or problems in identifying the correct item choice were noted for 4 questions belonging to the socio demographics section that were simplified in the final version of the questionnaire. Two other questions were merged into one after homogeneity analysis. Most VIMS symptoms were observed during the movie and quickly thereafter. Tired eyes was the symptom most often reported (39.5% of responders followed by headache (18.4%, dizziness (18.4% and nausea (15.8%. Double vision and palpitation were reported with very low frequency (respectively 5.3% and 2.3% and vomit was not reported by any respondent. Homogeneity of symptom items was good (Cronbach alpha= 0.69. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory item-total correlations (alpha coefficient ranging from 0.61 to 0.73.

Conclusions: The refined survey questionnaire can be applied in future studies to assess the frequency of VIMS symptoms in spectators of 3D movies and to identify the risk factors connected to inter-individual differences in susceptibility and to the characteristics of the movie viewing.

Angelo G. Solimini

2011-06-01

269

Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in 32 countries. Review of the general methodology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this project was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the American English version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and of the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) in the 32 different member countries of the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO). This effort forms part of an international study supported by the European Union to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) as compared to their healthy peers. A total of 6,644 subjects were enrolled from 32 countries: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Korea, Latvia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Yugoslavia. A total of 3,235 patients had JIA (20% systemic onset, 33% polyarticular onset, 17% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 30% persistent oligoarticular subtype) while 3,409 were healthy children. This introductory paper describes the methodology used by all the participants. The results and the translated version of both the CHAQ and the CHQ for each country are fully reported in the following papers. The results of the present study show that cross-cultural adaptation is a valid process to obtain reliable instruments for the different socio-economic and socio-demographic conditions of the countries participating in the project. PMID:11510308

Ruperto, N; Ravelli, A; Pistorio, A; Malattia, C; Cavuto, S; Gado-West, L; Tortorelli, A; Landgraf, J M; Singh, G; Martini, A

2001-01-01

270

Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect/correct scores (0/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0,..., 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical…

Zijlstra, Wobbe P.; Van Der Ark, L. Andries; Sijtsma, Klaas

2007-01-01

271

Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

272

University of Michigan Drug Education Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses attitudes toward potential drug education programs and drug use practices in college students. The 87 items (multiple choice or free response) pertain to the history and extent of usage of 27 different drugs, including two non-existent drugs which may be utilized as a validity check; attitude toward the content, format,…

Francis, John Bruce; Patch, David J.

273

Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ). The reliability, factor structure, construct validity, and temporal stability of the inventory were examined. Method: A university student sample ("n" = 878) and a working adult sample ("n" = 153) were recruited.…

Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Bai, Yu; Tang, Xiaoqing

2013-01-01

274

Guidelines for preparing IAEA design information questionnaires  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The format of the IAEA Design Information Questionnaires and the SAI prepared guidelines for completing them, is described. The guidelines should assist facility operators in meeting the time constraints set forth in the Subsidiary Arrangements by effectively supplying the information needed by the IAEA and in minimizing resource allocations to the preparation effort. 8 refs

275

Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

2013-01-01

276

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

277

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

278

Impact of a child with congenital anomalies on parents (ICCAP questionnaire; a psychometric analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to validate the Impact of a Child with Congenital Anomalies on Parents (ICCAP questionnaire. ICCAP was newly designed to assess the impact of giving birth to a child with severe anatomical congenital anomalies (CA on parental quality of life as a result of early stress. Methods At 6 weeks and 6 months after birth, mothers and fathers of 100 children with severe CA were asked to complete the ICCAP questionnaire and the SF36. The ICCAP questionnaire measures six domains: contact with caregivers, social network, partner relationship, state of mind, child acceptance, and fears and anxiety. Reliability (i.e. internal consistency and test-retest and validity were tested and the ICCAP was compared to the SF-36. Results Confirmatory factor analysis resulted in 6 six a priori constructed subscales covering different psychological and social domains of parental quality of life as a result of early stress. Reliability estimates (congeneric approach ranged from .49 to .92. Positive correlations with SF-36 scales ranging from .34 to .77 confirmed congruent validity. Correlations between ICCAP subscales and children's biographic characteristics, primary CA, and medical care as well as parental biographic and demographic variables ranged from -.23 to .58 and thus indicated known-group validity of the instrument. Over time both mothers and fathers showed changes on subscales (Cohen's d varied from .07 to .49, while the test-retest reliability estimates varied from .42 to .91. Conclusion The ICCAP is a reliable and valid instrument for clinical practice. It enables early signaling of parental quality of life as a result of early stress, and thus early intervention.

van Dijk Monique

2008-11-01

279

Emotional intelligence and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire (OPQ)  

OpenAIRE

This study explores the relationship between the Bar-on EQ-I and the Occupational Personality Questionnaire OPQ32i to determine if there is a link between self- and other-reported Emotional Intelligence and personality traits. Data was obtained from 329 managers working in the IT and Finance sectors and included multi-source (360 degree) measures of Emotional Intelligence. Results indicated construct overlap and correlations between some elements of Emotional Intelligence and the OPQ32i wit...

AdrianFurnham

2014-01-01

280

Translation and validation of the German version of the Bournemouth Questionnaire for Neck Pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical outcome measures are important tools to monitor patient improvement during treatment as well as to document changes for research purposes. The short-form Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients (BQN was developed from the biopsychosocial model and measures pain, disability, cognitive and affective domains. It has been shown to be a valid and reliable outcome measure in English, French and Dutch and more sensitive to change compared to other questionnaires. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate a German version of the Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients. Methods German translation and back translation into English of the BQN was done independently by four persons and overseen by an expert committee. Face validity of the German BQN was tested on 30 neck pain patients in a single chiropractic practice. Test-retest reliability was evaluated on 31 medical students and chiropractors before and after a lecture. The German BQN was then assessed on 102 first time neck pain patients at two chiropractic practices for internal consistency, external construct validity, external longitudinal construct validity and sensitivity to change compared to the German versions of the Neck Disability Index (NDI and the Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD. Results Face validity testing lead to minor changes to the German BQN. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for the test-retest reliability was 0.99. The internal consistency was strong for all 7 items of the BQN with Cronbach ?'s of .79 and .80 for the pre and post-treatment total scores. External construct validity and external longitudinal construct validity using Pearson's correlation coefficient showed statistically significant correlations for all 7 scales of the BQN with the other questionnaires. The German BQN showed greater responsiveness compared to the other questionnaires for all scales. Conclusions The German BQN is a valid and reliable outcome measure that has been successfully translated and culturally adapted. It is shorter, easier to use, and more responsive to change than the NDI and NPAD.

Soklic Marina

2012-01-01

281

The Prostate Care Questionnaire for Carers (PCQ-C: reliability, validity and acceptability  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient experience is commonly monitored in evaluating and improving health care, but the experience of carers (partners/relatives/friends is rarely monitored even though the role of carers can often be substantial. For carers to fulfil their role it is necessary to address their needs. This paper describes an evaluation of the reliability, validity and acceptability of the PCQ-C, a newly developed instrument designed to measure the experiences of carers of men with prostate cancer. Methods The reliability, acceptability and validity of the PCQ-C were tested through a postal survey and interviews with carers. The PCQ-C was posted to 1087 prostate cancer patients and patients were asked to pass the questionnaire on to their carer. Non-responders received one reminder. To assess test-retest reliability, 210 carers who had responded to the questionnaire were resent it a second time three weeks later. A subsample of nine carers from patients attending one hospital took part in qualitative interviews to assess validity and acceptability of the PCQ-C. Acceptability to service providers was evaluated based on four hospitals' experiences of running a survey using the PCQ-C. Results Questionnaires were returned by 514 carers (47.3%, and the majority of questions showed less than 10% missing data. Across the sections of the questionnaire internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha ranging from 0.80 to 0.89, and test-retest stability showed moderate to high stability (intraclass correlation coefficients ranging from 0.52 to 0.83. Interviews of carers indicated that the PCQ-C was valid and acceptable. Feedback from hospitals indicated that they found the questionnaire useful, and highlighted important considerations for its future use as part of quality improvement initiatives. Conclusions The PCQ-C has been found to be acceptable to carers and service providers having been used successfully in hospitals in England. It is ready for use to measure the aspects of care that need to be addressed to improve the quality of prostate cancer care, and for research.

Steward William

2009-12-01

282

Reliability and Validity of Persian Version of World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire in Iranian Health Care Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The effect of health status on productivity has widely been studied and discussed in literature. Valid and reliable tools are needed to evaluate the levels of health and productivity and provide detailed information, before any intervention is implemented. World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ is a widely used instrument in estimating the workplace costs of health problems in terms of reduced job performance, sickness absence, and work-related accidents and injuries.Objective: To assess the reliability and validity of Persian version of HPQ in Iranian health care workers.Methods: The questionnaire was translated to Persian and back translated. 102 health care workers completed the questionnaire. Absence and sick-leave data was extracted from administrative records.Results: Factor analysis revealed acceptable validity for the questionnaire in part A (health. Cronbach's alpha was >0.73 for all scales of Parts B (work and C (demographic. Questions targeting days of absence and sick-leave had acceptable correlation with administrative records (Pearson's r >0.75, while questions on total hours worked showed lower correlation.Conclusion: Persian version of HPQ can be considered a reliable and valid tool in Iranian health workers.

E Vingard

2011-12-01

283

[Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-Children's Version in a non-clinical sample].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was the adaptation to Spanish of the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-Children's Version (OBQ-CV) in a non-clinical sample. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed the best fit for a model of three factors (Perfectionism/Certainty, Importance/Control of Thoughts, and Responsibility/Threat Estimation) and one higher-order factor. Moreover, results showed that the Spanish OBQ-CV is a reliable measure. This version also showed good criterion validity with obsessive-compulsive symptom measures and with scores of beliefs relevant to obsessive-compulsive disorder. Lastly, this version showed good divergent validity with depression and anxiety measures. PMID:23079369

Nogueira Arjona, Raquel; Godoy Ávila, Antonio; Romero Sanchíz, Pablo; Gavino Lázaro, Aurora; Cobos Álvarez, María Pilar

2012-11-01

284

Avaliação psicométrica do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) / Psychometric assessment of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ), com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória, validade convergente e discriminante, e reprodutibilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e ?-Cronbach), realizadas c [...] om 287 universitários brasileiros entre 18 e 30 anos de idade. O MBCQ obteve estrutura fatorial adequada, com quatro fatores que explicam 64,32% da variância dos resultados, validade convergente - associação significativa (p Abstract in english This study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Male Body Checking Questionnaire (MBCQ) applying exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, concurrent and discriminant validity, and reliability (intra-class coefficient correlation and Cronbach's alpha). Two hundred and eighty seven [...] Brazilian undergraduate students between 18 and 30 years old were evaluated. The MBCQ showed adequate factor structure with four factors that explain 64.32% of total variance, concurrent validity - significant association with body dissatisfaction (p

Pedro Henrique Berbert de, Carvalho; Maria Aparecida, Conti; Mário Sérgio, Ribeiro; Ana Carolina Soares, Amaral; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

2014-12-01

285

The Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Cross cultural adaptation, reliability, validity and responsiveness.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire to produce an equivalent Korean version. A total of 53 patients completed the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months after open carpal tunnel release. All 53 also completed the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire pre-operatively and 3 months post-operatively. Reliability was measured by determining the test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Test-retest reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and paired t-tests, and internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha coefficients. Pearson correlation analysis was carried out on the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire scores and the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scores to assess construct validity. Responsiveness was evaluated using effect sizes and standardized response means. The reliability of the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire was good. The scores in the Korean version of the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand strongly correlated with the scores in the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Standardized response mean and effect size were both large for the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. The study shows that the Korean version of the Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire is a reliable, valid and responsive instrument for measuring outcomes in carpal tunnel syndrome. PMID:25005562

Kim, J K; Lim, H M

2015-02-01

286

[Questionnaires on male sexual dysfunction and their clinical application].  

Science.gov (United States)

With the increasing incidence and prevalence of male sexual dysfunction, andrologists are more and more in need of accurate and efficient tools to assess therapeutic efficacy and patients' satisfaction and to help patients achieve satisfactory treatment results. This article summarizes some of the most commonly used questionnaires for the diagnosis and assessment of the treatment of male sexual dysfunction, including International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ), Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS), Treatment Satisfaction Scale (TSS), Self-Esteem and Relationship (SEAR), Premature Ejaculation Profile (PEP), Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT), Index of Premature Ejaculation (IPE), Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE), Aging Male Symptoms Scale (AMS), Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (ADAM), and Symptomatic Inventory for Screening Late-Onset Hypogonadism in Males (SILOH), and presents an overview on their clinical application. PMID:25306815

Cai, Yang; Wang, Tao; Liu, Ji-Hong

2014-09-01

287

Comparison of physical activity estimates using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and accelerometry in fibromyalgia patients: the Al-Andalus study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been widely used to assess physical activity in healthy populations. The present study compared physical activity assessed by the long, self-administrated version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire with physical activity assessed by accelerometry in patients with fibromyalgia. A total of 99 (five men) participants with fibromyalgia completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for nine consecutive days. We analysed the correlations of physical activity expressed as min · day(-1) of light, moderate, vigorous, and moderate to vigorous (MVPA) intensity, as well as time spent sitting, by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and accelerometry by Spearman correlations. Bland and Altman plots were performed to verify the agreements between both instruments. The results showed weak yet significant correlations (Rs = 0.15-0.39, all P < 0.05) in all physical activity intensities between the two instruments, except for sedentary time. The highest correlations were observed for physical activity at home or in garden (Rs = 0.297, P < 0.01). The results suggest that the long self-administrated International Physical Activity Questionnaire is a questionable instrument to assess physical activity in patients with fibromyalgia. Therefore, physical activity measurement in fibromyalgia patients should not be limited solely to self-reported measures. PMID:23869701

Benítez-Porres, Javier; Delgado, Manuel; Ruiz, Jonatan R

2013-01-01

288

Derivation and assessment of a hypermasculine values questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four studies are reported on the derivation and assessment of a hypermasculinity scale. In Study 1, a questionnaire measure of hypermasculine values was derived from an initial 122 items, rated on a seven-point scale by 600 men from eight categories, based on occupation or sport interest. Factor analysis and item reduction produced 26- and 16- item scales (Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire, HVQ and Short Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire) with high internal consistencies. There were substantial differences between categories, consistent with predictions based on their gender-stereotypic connotations. Study 2 involved the scales being administered to another similarly composed sample: again high internal consistency and unidimensionality (in a confirmatory factor analysis) were found, and a similar association with category membership. Test-retest reliability was high. In Study 3, the concurrent and discriminative validity of the HVQ was studied, by comparing it with an existing measure of hypermasculinity, male role norms, attitudes to women's rights, gender-related traits, and trait aggression. Associations were found with other gender scales, and there was a moderate association with trait physical aggression. The range of associations reflected the items on the scale, which involve toughness, the need to avoid femininity, and control of women's sexuality, themes familiar from ethnographic accounts of masculinity. Study 4 showed that the HVQ was associated with hostile but not benevolent sexism, and replicated its association with trait aggression. PMID:19793409

Archer, John

2010-09-01

289

The development and test re-test reliability of a work-related asthma screening questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objective: Work-related asthma (WRA) is under-recognized and delays in recognition contribute to long-term morbidity. The objective of the project was to develop a WRA screening questionnaire for use by primary care providers in the assessment of individuals with asthma, and to evaluate the respondent burden, test re-test reliability and face validity of the questionnaire. Methods: A literature search was undertaken and an expert advisory committee was convened. A questionnaire was drafted and assessed for feasibility of use and content validity. The study enrolled patients with asthma attending outpatient clinics and an asthma education center. Participants were asked to respond to the questionnaire on two occasions, and comment on the content (face validity) and ease of completion (respondent burden). Ethics approval was obtained from an institutional review board. Results: A 14-item self-administered screening questionnaire was created. Thirty-nine participants were recruited, and 26 participants completed a second administration of the questionnaire. The items on the relation of asthma symptoms to work demonstrated substantial agreement between testings. The workplace exposures items were found to have good reproducibility. The majority of participants denied that items were repetitive, not useful or difficult to understand. Conclusions: We have developed a WRA screening questionnaire designed to aid primary care providers in the recognition of possible WRA. The tool exhibited content and face validity, good test re-test reliability and low respondent burden. Participant feedback is being considered in revisions of the questionnaire. PMID:25180965

Killorn, Katie R; Dostaler, Suzanne M; Olajos-Clow, Jennifer; Turcotte, Scott E; Minard, Janice P; Holness, D Linn; Kudla, Irena; Lemière, Catherine; To, Teresa; Liss, Gary; Tarlo, Susan M; Lougheed, M Diane

2014-09-01

290

Validating the Street Survival Skills Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The utility of the Street Survival Skills Questionnaire was investigated using a sample of 18 trainable mentally retarded males attending public schools. Pearson product-moment correlations were computed among the total scores, four standard scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-Survey Form, and three Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised IQs. The Street Skills scores correlated significantly with Vineland Daily Living scores and WISC-R Full Scale and Performance IQs; however, nonsignificant relationships were obtained with WISC-R Verbal IQs, Vineland Composite scores, Communication Domain scores, and Socialization Domain scores. The use of the questionnaire in assessment of adaptive behavior was supported but within a narrow scope, i.e., daily or functional living knowledge. PMID:8153210

Janniro, F; Sapp, G L; Kohler, M P

1994-02-01

291

2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

Please help the Academic Training Committee to plan the 2005-06 programme of lectures by filling in the 2005-06 Academic Training Programme Questionnaire which can be found at: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire ENSEIGNEMENT ACADEMIQUE ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz 73127 academic.training@cern.ch If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an 'application for training' form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Officer). Applications will be accepted in the order of their receipt.

Françoise Benz

2005-01-01

292

A Questionnaire-Based Data Quality Methodology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data quality (DQ has been defined as “fitness for use” of the data (also called Information Quality. A single aspect of data quality is defined as a “dimension” such as “consistency”, “accuracy”, “completeness”, or “timeliness”. In order to assess and improve data quality, “methodologies” have been defined. Data quality methodologies are sets of guidelines and techniques that are designed for measurement assessment, and perhaps, improving data quality in a given application or organization. If an appropriate list of dimensions is available for the specific needs of an organization, a questionnaire-based methodology can be designed in order to 1. Measure dimensions and identify “weak” dimensions in the organization 2. Select a proper “strategies” to improve data quality. In this paper we propose a questionnaire-based methodology in order to achieve that.

Reza Vaziri

2012-05-01

293

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES QUESTIONNAIRE: SUGGEST AND WIN!  

CERN Multimedia

Time to plan for the 2001-02 lecture series. From today until April 9 you have the chance to give your contribution to improved planning for next year's Academic Training Lectures Series. At the web site: http://wwwinfo/support/survey/academic-training/ you will find questionnaires concerning the following different categories: high energy physics, applied physics, science and society and post-graduate students lectures. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at CERN bookshop.

Academic Training; Tel. 73127

2001-01-01

294

A Physical Activity Questionnaire: Reproducibility and Validity  

OpenAIRE

This study evaluates the Quantification de L’Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self-administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá’s schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a different random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it. Reproducibility was assessed using both the Bland-Altman plot and the intra-...

Nicolas Barbosa; Sanchez, Carlos E.; Vera, Jose A.; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

2007-01-01

295

Construct Validity Of The Career Resilience Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

The construct validity of the Career Resilience Questionnaire (Fourie & VanVuuren, 1998) was investigated by means of an oblique multiple groups factor analysis.The highest factor structure coefficients of several of the items did not coincide with the respective factors that the items were postulated to measure. In addition, the correlations among the factors cast doubt on the independence of some of the constructs.

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Die konstrukge...

Lew, Charlene C.; Bruin, Gideon P.

2002-01-01

296

Examining the validity of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) in a Portuguese sport setting / Análisis de la validad del Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) en un contexto deportivo portugués / Análise da validade do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) no contexto desportivo português  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A literatura em psicologia de desporto sugere que a compreensão dos níveis de engajamento é primordial para promover experiências desportivas positivas entre os atletas. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométricas do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire entre os desportistas portu [...] gueses. Duas amostras distintas de atletas portugueses com diferentes níveis de prática competitiva foram recolhidas e os resultados de uma análise fatorial confirmatória demostraram boa qualidade de ajustamento do modelo. A análise das qualidades psicométricas indicou que todos os fatores mostraram fiabilidade compósita, validade convergente e validade discriminante. Adicionalmente, uma análise multigrupos mostrou a invariância do modelo nas duas amostras independentes, indicando validade cruzada. As implicações destes resultados para treinadores e académicos foram discutidas, sendo também apontadas sugestões para futuros estudos. Abstract in spanish La literatura en psicología del deporte sugiere que la comprensión de los niveles de compromiso en la actividad deportiva es importante para la promoción de entornos deportivos positivos entre los atletas. El objetivo del estudio consiste en verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Athlete Engage [...] ment Questionnaire entre los atletas portugueses. Trabajamos dos muestras distintas de los atletas portugueses con niveles competitivos diferentes, los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio han demostrado un buen ajuste del modelo a los datos. El análisis de las propiedades psicométricas ha indicado que todos los factores tienen una buena consistencia interna, así como buena validez convergente y validez discriminante. Además, el análisis multi-grupos muestra que el modelo es estable en dos muestras independientes, proporcionando evidencia de la validez cruzada. Las implicaciones de estos resultados para los académicos y entrenadores fueron discutidas, siendo igualmente planteadas propuestas para estudios futuros. Abstract in english Sport psychology literature suggests that understanding engagement levels is pivotal to promote positive sporting experiences among athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire among Portuguese sport athletes. Two distinct sam [...] ples of Portuguese athletes from different competitive levels were collected, and the results of a confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit of the model to the data. A review of the psychometric properties indicated that all factors showed good composite reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. In addition, a multi-groups analysis showed the invariance of the model in two independent samples providing evidence of cross validity. Implications of these results for scholars and coaches are discussed and guidelines for future studies are suggested.

Paulo, Martins; António, Rosado; Vítor, Ferreira; Rui, Biscaia.

2014-03-01

297

Sensitivity to change of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Obsessive-Compulsive Beliefs Questionnaire-87 (OBQ-87) has been constructed by leading obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experts to assess dysfunctional beliefs typical for OCD patients. The OBQ-87 has recently been revised (Obsessive-Compulsive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 [OBQ-44]) to improve its psychometric properties. The current investigation entailed two goals: (1) to assess the sensitivity of both Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ) versions to treatment change and other OCD measures; and (2) to assess relations between symptom subtypes, OBQ beliefs and changes in beliefs as a consequence of treatment. One hundred and four patients have completed the OBQ before and after 12 sessions of behaviour therapy. Results suggest that (1) both OBQ versions exhibit an identical medium effect size; (2) overlap between clinical and non-clinical populations limit the use of the OBQ as a primary measure of treatment change; and (3) the symptom dimension obsessions + checking was related to initial OBQ scores, but no symptom dimensions were related to OBQ pre-treatment to post-treatment changes. PMID:19658124

Anholt, Gideon A; van Oppen, Patricia; Cath, Danielle C; Emmelkamp, Paul M G; Smit, Johannes H; van Balkom, Anton J L M

2010-01-01

298

Nutrition education: a questionnaire for assessment and teaching  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract It is generally recognized that there is a need for improved teaching of nutrition in medical schools and for increased education of the general population. A questionnaire, derived in part from a study of physician knowledge, was administered to first year medical students in order to assess their knowledge of various aspects of nutrition and metabolism, and as a teaching tool to transmit information about the subject. The performance of first year students was consistent with a generally educated population but there were surprising deficits in some fundamental areas of nutrition. Results of the questionnaire are informative about student knowledge, and immediate reinforcement from a questionnaire may provide a useful teaching tool. In addition, some of the subject matter can serve as a springboard for discussion of critical issues in nutrition such as obesity and markers for cardiovascular disease. A major barrier to improved teaching of nutrition is the lack of agreement on some of these critical issues and there are apparent inconsistencies in recommendations of government and health agencies. It seems reasonable that improved teaching should address the lack of knowledge of nutrition, rather than knowledge of official guidelines. Student awareness of factual information should be the primary goal.

Feinman Richard D

2005-01-01

299

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) for Brazil: validation study / Adaptação transcultural e validação do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) para o Brasil: estudo de validação  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Artrite reumatoide é uma doença crônica, sistêmica, que provoca danos articulares. Diversos métodos têm sido usados para avaliar o estado geral de saúde desses pacientes, mas poucos avaliam especificamente as mãos. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir, realizar a adaptação cul [...] tural e testar a validade do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire para o Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo de validação feito em um hospital universitário em Curitiba, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Na primeira etapa, o questionário foi traduzido para o português do Brasil e traduzido de volta para o inglês. A versão em português foi testada em 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide e mostrou-se compreensível e adaptada culturalmente. Na segunda etapa, 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide foram avaliados três vezes. Na primeira vez, dois avaliadores aplicaram o questionário para verificação da reprodutibilidade interavaliadores. Após 15 dias, um dos avaliadores reavaliou os pacientes para verificação da reprodutibilidade intra-avaliadores. Para verificar a validade construtiva, na primeira avaliação, um dos avaliadores aplicou também outros instrumentos de avaliação similares. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas fortes correlações interavaliadores e intra-avaliadores em todos os domínios do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. O alfa de Cronbach foi maior que 0.90 para todos os domínios, indicando ótima validade interna. A maioria dos domínios do questionário apresentou correlação moderada ou forte com outros instrumentos, determinando boa validade construtiva. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire foi traduzida, adaptada culturalmente com sucesso e apresentou ótima consistência interna, reprodutibilidade e validade construtiva. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease that causes joint damage. A variety of methods have been used to evaluate the general health status of these patients but few have specifically evaluated the hands. The objective of this study was to translate, perform cultu [...] ral adaptation and assess the validity of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Validation study conducted at a university hospital in Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: Firstly, the questionnaire was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and back-translated into English. The Portuguese version was tested on 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and proved to be understandable and culturally adapted. After that, 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were evaluated three times. On the first occasion, two evaluators applied the questionnaire to check inter-rater reproducibility. After 15 days, one of the evaluators reassessed the patients to verify intra rater reproducibility. To check the construct validity at the first assessment, one of the evaluators also applied other similar instruments. RESULTS: There were strong inter and intra rater correlations in all the domains of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.90 for all the domains of the questionnaire, thus indicating excellent internal validity. Almost all domains of the questionnaire presented moderate or strong correlation with other instruments, thereby showing good construct validity. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted successfully, and it showed excellent internal consistency, reproducibility and construct validity.

Sandra Mara, Meireles; Jamil, Natour; Daniel Alberton, Batista; Mayara, Lopes; Thelma Larocca, Skare.

2014-12-01

300

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire: factor structure, measurement invariance, and validity across emotional disorders.  

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To study the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), we determined its dimensional structure, measurement invariance across presence of emotional disorders, the association of the CTQ-SF with an analogous interview-based measure (CTI) across presence of emotional disorders, and the incremental value of combining both instruments in determining associations with severity of psychopathology. The sample included 2,308 adults, ages 18-65, consisting of unaffected controls and chronically affected and intermittently affected persons with an emotional disorder at Time 0 (T0) or 4 years later at T4. Childhood maltreatment was measured at T0 with an interview and at T4 with the CTQ-SF. At each wave, patients were assessed for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., or DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994)-based emotional disorders (Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument) and symptom severity (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Fear Questionnaire). Besides the correlated original 5-factor solution, an indirect higher order and direct bifactorial model also showed a good fit to the data. The 5-factor solution proved to be invariant across disordered-control comparison groups. The CTQ-SF was moderately associated with the CTI, and this association was not attenuated by disorder status. The CTQ-SF was more sensitive in detecting emotional abuse and emotional neglect than the CTI. Combined CTQ-SF/CTI factor scores showed a higher association with severity of psychopathology. We conclude that although the original 5-factor model fits the data well, results of the hierarchical analyses suggest that the total CTQ scale adequately captures a broad dimension of childhood maltreatment. A 2-step measurement approach in the assessment of childhood trauma is recommended in which screening by a self-report questionnaire is followed by a (semi-)structured diagnostic interview. PMID:24773037

Spinhoven, Philip; Penninx, Brenda W; Hickendorff, Marian; van Hemert, Albert M; Bernstein, David P; Elzinga, Bernet M

2014-09-01

301

Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version  

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Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

Ay?egül KART

2013-11-01

302

Improving access for patients – a practice manager questionnaire  

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Background The administrative and professional consequences of access targets for general practices, as detailed in the new GMS contract, are unknown. This study researched the effect of implementing the access targets of the new GP contract on general practice appointment systems, and practice manager satisfaction in a UK primary health care setting. Methods A four-part postal questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was modified from previously validated questionnaires and the findings compared with data obtained from the Western Health and Social Services Board (WHSSB) in N Ireland. Practice managers from the 59 general practices in the WHSSB responded to the questionnaire. Results There was a 94.9% response rate. Practice managers were generally satisfied with the introduction of access targets for patients. Some 57.1% of responding practices, most in deprived areas (Odds ratio 3.13 -95% CI 1.01 – 9.80, p = 0.0256) had modified their appointment systems. Less booking flexibility was reported among group practices (p = 0.006), urban practices (p < 0.001) and those with above average patient list sizes (p < 0.001). Receptionists had not received training in patient appointment management in a quarter of practices. Practices with smaller list sizes were more likely than larger ones to utilise nurses in seeing extra patients (p = 0.007) or to undertake triage procedures (p = 0.062). Conclusion The findings demonstrated the ability of general practices within the WHSSB to adjust to a demanding component of the new GP contract. Issues relating to the flexibility of patient appointment booking systems, receptionists' training and the development of the primary care nursing role were highlighted by the study. PMID:16784530

Meade, James G; Brown, James S

2006-01-01

303

The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ Development and psychometric characteristics  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Continual quality improvement in primary care is an international priority. In the United Kingdom, the major initiative for improving quality of care is the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QoF of the 2004 GP contract. Although the primary focus of the QoF is on clinical care, it is acknowledged that a comprehensive assessment of quality also requires valid and reliable measurement of the patient perspective, so financial incentives are included in the contract for general practices to survey patients' views. One questionnaire specified for use in the QoF is the General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ. This paper describes the development of the GPAQ (with post-consultation and postal versions and presents a preliminary examination of the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. Methods Description of scale development and preliminary analysis of psychometric characteristics (internal reliability, factor structure, based on a large dataset of routinely collected GPAQ surveys (n = 190,038 responses to the consultation version of GPAQ and 20,309 responses to the postal version from practices in the United Kingdom during the 2005–6 contract year. Results Respondents tend to report generally favourable ratings. Responses were particularly skewed on the GP communication scale, though no more so than for other questionnaires in current use in the UK for which data were available. Factor analysis identified 2 factors that clearly relate to core concepts in primary care quality ('access' and 'interpersonal care' that were common to both version of the GPAQ. The other factors related to 'enablement' in the post-consultation version and 'nursing care' in the postal version. Conclusion This preliminary evaluation indicates that the scales of the GPAQ are internally reliable and that the items demonstrate an interpretable factor structure. Issues concerning the distributions of GPAQ responses are discussed. Potential further developments of the item content for the GPAQ are also outlined.

Roland Martin

2008-02-01

304

Validação brasileira do questionário de esquemas de Young: forma breve / Brazilian validation of Young schema questionnaire: short form  

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Full Text Available Esta pesquisa objetivou estudar as propriedades psicométricas da versão brasileira do questionário de esquemas de Young, forma reduzida, e mapear os esquemas cognitivos na amostra, buscando estabelecer correlações entre os níveis de ansiedade, depressão, desajustamento psicossocial e vulnerabilidade [...] com os esquemas iniciais desadaptativos. A metodologia utilizada foi quantitativa, sendo a amostra da pesquisa constituída por 372 participantes. Os instrumentos utilizados foram um Questionário de Dados Sociodemográficos, o Questionário de Esquemas de Young - versão breve - e a Escala Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo. Os resultados achados demonstraram a existência de validade na versão brasileira do Questionário de Esquemas de Young (forma breve) com relação à amostra estudada. Os resultados apontaram para o satisfatório grau de confiabilidade (a=0,955) e para a capacidade de discriminação do questionário, assim como para a validade concorrente com relação à escala fatorial de ajustamento emocional/neuroticismo. Abstract in english The aim of this research was to study the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Young Schema Questionnaire (short form) and map the cognitive schemas in the sample by establishing correlations between Early Maladaptive Schemas and variables such as anxiety levels, depression, lack [...] of psychosocial adaptation and vulnerability. The methodology was quantitative. The sample comprised 372 subjects. A Demographic Questionnaire, Young Schema Questionnaire (short form) and Factorial Scale of Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism were used as the instruments of assessment. The findings demonstrate the validity of the Brazilian version of the Young Schema Questionnaire (short form) for this group. The results showed a satisfactory degree of reliability (a=0.955) and the questionnaire's ability to make distinctions, as well as the convergent validity with regard to the Factorial Scale of Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism.

Milton José, Cazassa; Margareth da Silva, Oliveira.

2012-03-01

305

Adaptação do questionário de tarefas domésticas e de cuidado de irmãos / Adaptation of the household responsibilities and sibling care questionnaire  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar o Household Responsibilities Questionnaire para avaliação de cuidado de irmãos e realização de tarefas domésticas por adolescentes brasileiros. Para isso, realizou-se a tradução e a adaptação dos itens para a população-alvo, seguindo as diretrizes de adaptação de [...] testes da International Test Commission. Responderam à versão final do questionário 113 participantes com média de idade de 14,7 anos (DP = 0,8), sendo 61,9% do sexo feminino. O conjunto de itens foi submetido a uma análise de eixos principais que revelou a solução bifatorial como mais apropriada. Os dois fatores, referentes a cuidado de irmãos e tarefas domésticas, apresentaram coeficientes alfa adequados de 0,75 e de 0,69 respectivamente. Esses resultados sugerem evidências de validade de construto para o questionário, assim como de fidedignidade. Assim, o questionário permite acessar esses fenômenos sistematicamente, o que pode ser fundamental para o avanço do conhecimento e de estimativas realizadas em nível nacional. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to adapt the Household Responsibilities Questionnaire for the assessment of sibling care and household responsibilities among Brazilian adolescents. To do this, we carried out the translation and adaptation of items for the target population following the test-adaptation gu [...] idelines of the International Test Commission. Participants were 113 adolescents (61.9% female) with a mean age of 14.7 years (SD = 0.8) who answered the final version of the questionnaire. The set of items underwent principal axes analysis which revealed the two-factor solution as the most appropriate. The two factors, related to sibling care and household responsibilities, presented adequate alpha coefficients of 0.75 and 0.69 respectively. These results show evidence of construct validity for the questionnaire as well as reliability. Thus, this questionnaire enables systematic access to these phenomena, which can be critical to the advancement of knowledge and production of estimates at the national level.

Letícia Lovato, Dellazzana-Zanon; Cristian, Zanon; Lia Beatriz de Lucca, Freitas.

2014-12-01

306

Dietary fiber showed no preventive effect against colon and rectal cancers in Japanese with low fat intake: an analysis from the results of nutrition surveys from 23 Japanese prefectures  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Since Fuchs' report in 1999, the reported protective effect of dietary fiber from colorectal carcinogenesis has led many researchers to question its real benefit. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between diet, especially dietary fiber and fat and colorectal cancer in Japan. Methods A multiple regression analysis (using the stepwise variable selection method was performed using the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs of colon and rectal cancer in 23 Japanese prefectures as objective variables and dietary fiber, nutrients and food groups as explanatory variables. Results As for colon cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficients were positively significant for fat (1,13, P = 0.000, seaweeds (0.41, P = 0.026 and beans (0.45, P = 0.017 and were negatively significant for vitamin A (-0.63, P = 0.003, vitamin C (-0.42, P = 0.019 and yellow-green vegetables (-0.37, P = 0.046. For rectal cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficient in fat (0.60, P = 0.002 was positively significant. Dietary fiber was not found to have a significant relationship with either colon or rectal cancers. Conclusions This study failed to show any protective effect of dietary fiber in subjects with a low fat intake (Japanese in this analysis, which supports Fuchs' findings in subjects with a high fat intake (US Americans.

Sugawara Kazuo

2001-10-01

307

Validity and reliability of the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) / Validez y fiabilidad del Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: El Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) evalúa actitudes y comportamientos de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) relacionados con el cumplimiento de la restricción de sodio. Recientemente, ha sido traducido y adaptado culturalmente para uso en Brasil. No obstante, una [...] validación adicional del instrumento se requiere para que pueda ser utilizado en el manejo de pacientes con IC en Brasil. Objetivo: Probar la fiabilidad y validez de la versión brasileña del DSRQ. Métodos: Validez aparente y de contenido fueron evaluados por un grupo de especialistas. Validez de cons-tructo se evaluó mediante análisis factorial exploratoria y confirmatoria. La fiabilidad y consistencia interna del cuestionario fue evaluada mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: Un total de 206 pacientes ambulatorios con IC fueron evaluados (edad media, 60,4 ± 11,9 años). Los resultados de la validez aparente y de contenido demostró la equivalencia entre la versión brasileña y de la versión original. En el análisis factorial exploratorio, el análisis de componentes principales (PCA) se obtuvieron cuatro factores con valores superiores a 1. Tres modelos fueron probados en el análisis factorial confirmatoria, y el modelo de tres factores resultantes del PCA mostró el mejor ajuste, representando 49% de la varianza. El alfa obtenido para las escalas de actitud/norma subjetiva, control de la conducta percibido y comportamiento dependiente fueron 0,71, 0,67 y 0,79, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren que la versión brasileña del DSRQ es un instrumento válido y fiable para medir las actitudes y comportamientos relacionados con una dieta baja en sodio en pacientes brasileños con IC. Abstract in english Introduction: The Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) was designed to assess attitudes and behaviors of patients with heart failure (HF) related to following a low-sodium diet. Recently, it has been translated and culturally adapted for use in Brazil. However, further validation of the i [...] nstrument is required before it can be used in the management of patients with HF in Brazil. Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the DSRQ. Methods: Face and content validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Construct validity was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's alpha to assess the internal consistency of the instrument. Results: A total of 206 systolic HF outpatients were assessed (mean age, 60.4 ± 11.9 years). Face and content validity analysis showed equivalence between the Brazilian version and the original instrument. In the exploratory factor analysis, the principal component analysis (PCA) yielded four factors with eigenvalues greater than 1. Three models were tested in the confirmatory factor analysis, and the three-factor model resulting from the PCA showed the best fit, accounting for 49% of the variance. Alpha values obtained for the attitude/ subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and dependent behavior subscales were 0.71, 0.67, and 0.79, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the final validated Brazilian version of the DSRQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes and behaviors related to following a low-sodium diet in Brazilian patients with HF.

308

Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting  

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Full Text Available Solvejg Kristensen,1–3 Svend Sabroe,4 Paul Bartels,1,5 Jan Mainz,3,5 Karl Bang Christensen6 1The Danish Clinical Registries, Aarhus, Denmark; 2Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 3Aalborg University Hospital, Psychiatry, Aalborg, Denmark; 4Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; 5Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark; 6Department of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Purpose: Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee's perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ. The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data.Materials and methods: The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK. The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach's alpha (?, and item and subscale scores.Results: Participation was 73.2% (N=925 of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90%CI 0.053 (0.050-0056, Probability RMSEA (p close=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89, and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples.Conclusion: SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. Keywords: patient safety culture, questionnaire, validity, reliability, Denmark

Kristensen S

2015-02-01

309

VALIDATION OF THE BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (BSQ FOR COLOMBIAN POPULATION  

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Full Text Available The standardization of the Body Shape Questionnaire test was performed on a typical Colombian population, consisting of a group of 1939 pre-teenager and teenager girls, aged between 9 and 19. The average age was 14, with a standard deviation of 1.83 years .The sample was randomly chosen from 7 schools (4 public and 3 private institutions, located in the city of Popayán (Cauca, Colombia. The study group was selected with the use of a stratified sampling method by blocks, choosing the 10% of the public and private institutions from the entire population and taking the total available sample. The findings of the study show that the test is divided into two factors that have high theoretical coherence. This could be expected from a construct which refers not only to corporal dissatisfaction in general, but that is associated with corporal weight gain. In consequence, the test would not be searching for a generalized dysmorphic characteristic but for one that is associated with concern about being overweight or obese. The first factor was called Corporal Dissatisfaction and the second, Concern about Weight. The standardization method used was construct validation through factorial analysis with Varimax rotation, resulting in a high differentiation between the two above mentioned factors. A KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin of 0.98 with a variance of 52.3% was yielded. The internal consistency was calculated by means of Cronbach alpha with intraclass correlation coefficient, yielding a measured value of 0.95 for the whole instrument, 0.95 for the first factor and 0.92 for the second factor. The scores were typified in percentiles, setting 85 as the cutting point, which is equivalent to a direct score of 59 for the Corporal Dissatisfaction factor, 54 for the Concern about Weight factor, and 112 for the general score

Castrillón Moreno, Diego

2007-06-01

310

Psychometric properties of the Serbian version of the negative acts questionnaire - revised  

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Full Text Available The Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R, together with its earlier version, The Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ, is one of the most utilized instruments for exploring workplace bullying, both in applied and scientific research. Contrary to its widespread use, there are a few published NAQ-R validation studies. In this paper we wanted to support developing grounds for future cultural analysis, comparison and development of the NAQ-R which was created as an instrument primarily for measuring workplace bullying in Anglo- American cultural settings. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R by exploring its factor structure, internal consistency and criterion validity. The sample comprised 1710 employees from both private and public sector in Serbia. Principal component analysis revealed one component that explained almost 60% of the total variance. The Confirmatory factor analysis was carried out in order to test the one, two and three factor solutions suggested by the authors of the NAQ. The results of CFA confirmed all three solutions, but only fairly, as some of the fit indicators did not reach the expected values. Reliability analysis showed excellent internal consistency of the NAQ-R (Cronbach’s alpha=0.96. The significant correlations of the NAQ-R with job and organization related measures, and subjective health and well-being measures provided evidence of its construct validity. Higher correlations of the NAQ-R with a set of work related behaviors than the correlations with health related measures were in accordance with the nature of the phenomenon that is primarily focused on work-disabling behaviors. The results of this study showed acceptable psychometric properties of the Serbian translation of the NAQ-R. Obtained findings indicate that the future development of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised could follow two streams: one would be a further refinement of the uniform NAQ as a true cross-cultural measure that would generate comparable findings and the second one the development of separate national and/ or regional forms. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179018

Vukeli? Milica

2015-01-01

311

Administer and collect medical questionnaires with Google documents: a simple, safe, and free system  

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Full Text Available Aim: Questionnaires are an invaluable resource for clinical trials. They serve to estimate disease burden and clinical parameters associated with a particular study. However, current researchers are tackling budget constraints, loss of funding opportunities, and rise of research associated fees. We aimed at exploring alternative avenues taking advantage of the free Google docs software for questionnaire administration. This presents an opportunity to reduce costs while simultaneously increasing efficiency and data fidelity. Material and Methods: Google documents were used as a platform to create online questionnaires that were automatically hosted via a unique URL. Password protected access to the URL link and a unique study ID gave patients around the clock access from anywhere in the world. Unique study ID ensured confidentially of all self-reported data. Patient responses were secured using a “Cloud” database where the data was automatically sorted, scaled and scored by custom Excel formulas. Researchers downloaded real-time questionnaire responses in multiple formats (e.g. excel which was then analyzed with a statistical software of choice. Results: This simple workflow provided instant questionnaire scores that eliminated the use for paper-based responses and subsequent manual entry of data. Ease of access to online questionnaires provided convenience to patients leading to better response rates and increase in data fidelity. The system also allowed for real time monitoring of patient’s progress on completing questionnaires. Online questionnaires had 100% completion rate compared to paper-based questionnaires. Conclusions: Google docs can serve as an efficient and free platform to administer questionnaires to a clinical population without sacrificing quality, security, and fidelity of data.

Rakib Uddin RAYHAN

2013-09-01

312

Development of a patient-reported questionnaire for collecting toxicity data following prostate brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To improve a questionnaire used to collect patient-reported outcomes from patients with early stage prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy. A secondary aim was to adapt the Late Effects of Normal Tissue (LENT) subjective toxicity questionnaire for use to collect Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) data, the current preferred platform for assessing radiation toxicity. Materials and methods: Three hundred and seventy-seven patients were treated with permanent iodine-125 seed implant brachytherapy for early prostate cancer. Toxicity data were collected before and at nine time points post-treatment (0-36 months). Compliance rates for patients completing individual items and item-subsection correlation coefficients were calculated. A factor analysis was carried out to analyse responses to the questionnaire and identify less informative questions, which could be removed. Cronbach's ? coefficient was used to measure reliability. Results: Two thousand one hundred and eighty-eight questionnaires were analysed. There was poor compliance for questions specifically relating to operations and bowel medication. We found that the division of the questionnaire into subsections based on anatomical site was reasonable and that certain items could be safely removed. The high mean value for Cronbach's ? across all questionnaires (0.752; 95% CI: 0.726-0.779) indicated that the questionnaire was reliable. Fifteen of the 44 questions were removed from the othe 44 questions were removed from the original questionnaires. Questions on urinary incontinence severity, management of urinary and bowel incontinence, effects of reduced flow of urine and the effects of symptoms on activity of daily living and change in sexual function were required to adapt the LENT subjective questionnaire for use to collect CTCAE data. Conclusions: A questionnaire, validated over 6 years to collect LENT subjective data were adapted and is a reliable approach for collecting CTCAE data after prostate brachytherapy.

313

Questionnaire survey and serum phosphorus levels in maintenance hemodialysis patients switching lanthanum carbonate formulation from chewable tablets to granules.  

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We conducted a questionnaire survey of 79 maintenance hemodialysis patients switching lanthanum carbonate (LC) formulation from chewable tablets to granules, to investigate the compliance and patient preferences of these two formulations. For the number of times chewed when taking chewable tablets, the ratio of patients who responded 10 times or more was 54.4%, who responded four to nine times was 24.1% and who responded three times or less was 8.9%. Thirty-seven patients (46.8%) responded "Granules are easier to take", 22 patients (27.8%) responded "Chewable tablets are easier to take", and 20 patients (25.3%) responded "No difference between formulations." Changes in serum phosphorus (P) levels were also measured for 4 weeks after switching formulation, but no significant differences were observed before and after switching. We think that these questionnaire survey results show the compliance status and the patient needs for LC in the clinical practices. PMID:24953764

Mukai, Itsumi; Yoshizawa, Taku; Kumagai, Junko; Takahashi, Naoko; Tsuchiya, Shinichiro

2014-06-01

314

Comparing the Use of the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory for Screening Depression in Patients with Chronic Pain  

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Full Text Available Background: Studies have shown that the validity of self-reported depression questionnairesmay be influenced by somatic symptoms such as chronic pain. Thepurpose of this study was to compare the validity of two self-reported questionnaires,the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ and the BeckDepression Inventory (BDI, for screening depression in patients with chronicpain.Methods: One hundred patients with chronic pain were enrolled and assessed using theTDQ, BDI, McGill Pain Questionnaire, and Structured Clinical Interview forDSM-III-R. Seventy-three of them were diagnosed with depressive disorders.Conventional validity indices of the TDQ and BDI were examined andcompared.Results: Both the TDQ and BDI had satisfactory sensitivity, specificity, positive predictivevalue, and negative predictive value. Our results showed a trend thatthe validity of the TDQ was better than that of the BDI, and the validity ofthe cognitive/affective components of the TDQ was significantly better thanthat of the BDI.Conclusion: Our results suggest that the TDQ is superior to the BDI in detecting depressionin patients with chronic pain in Taiwan.

Lin-Cheng Yang

2008-08-01

315

Results.  

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Describes the Collegiate Results Instrument (CRI), which measures a range of collegiate outcomes for alumni 6 years after graduation. The CRI was designed to target alumni from institutions across market segments and assess their values, abilities, work skills, occupations, and pursuit of lifelong learning. (EV)

Zemsky, Robert; Shaman, Susan; Shapiro, Daniel B.

2001-01-01

316

?????????????????—????????????????????????? Modifying Friendship Quality Questionnaire with Item Response Theory Approach——Validating with Facet Theory and Structure Equation Techniques  

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Full Text Available ?????????????????????????????Parker & Asher (1993????????????????????????????????????????????SPSS15.0????????????MULTILOG 7.03??????????????????????????????????????????????1 ?????????????????????????????2 ???????a????b???????????3 ???????????????4 ?????????????????5 ???????????????????????26??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0.875???????44.380%?????????????????????????????????The item discrimination, difficulty and information function peak of the item response theory are used to revise the friendship quality questionnaire produced by Parker & Asher (1993, the purpose is that this questionnaire revised is more accurate to survey the status of friendship quality of chinese youth. SPSS15.0 software is used to manage data, using MULTILOG 7.03 software to analysis parameter. Structural equation, facet theory and the minimum space method are used to confirm the questionnaire revision. Results are as follows: 1 The friendship quality questionnaire is one-dimensional which can be revised by item response theory. 2 The item discrimination a, difficulty b of new questionnaire are with reasonable scopes. 3 The test information function peak of the new questionnaire is smaller. 4 The factors of old and the new questionnaire have significantly high positive correlation. 5 The results confirmed are that: The structure of four factors with 26 items is clear. Four factors are: affirmation and care, help and guidance, revealed intimately and exchange and conflict solution and accompany. Compared with the original questionnaire, the new one has not conflict and betrayal factor. The questionnaire revised has higher reliability and validity, consistency reliability is 0.875 and variance explained is 44.380%. After measuring officially, the questionnaire revised can survey the status of friendship quality of Chinese youth effectively.

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2011-12-01

317

Human suffering effects of nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Established on the basis of questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of the present paper is to explore the effects of radiation exposure on the inhabitants near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS), Kazakhstan. Our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started in 2002 to conduct a field research study using questionnaire surveys. The present paper attempts to clarify health effects and mental problems on the inhabitants by using our questionnaire surveys. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses upon responses to the questions concerning their health and mental problems. The data in Semipalatinsk have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey conducted by Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities. The results show: 33% of the residents replied that they felt bad or had very bad health conditions. 70% of the residents strongly recognized a causal relationship between their bad health conditions and the nuclear tests. The diseases that over 30% of respondents possessed are arthralgia/lower back pain/arthritis, high-blood pressure, heart disease and digestive system disease. Acute radiation injuries from 1949 to 1962 that over 20% of respondents experienced were headaches and general malaise. Concerning their mental condition, 22% of respondents felt easily frustrated and agitated and 21% experienced nightmare. (author)

318

Self-administered questionnaires and standardized interviews  

OpenAIRE

In the not too distant past there were only two survey methods to choose from: the face-to-face interview and the postal or mail questionnaire. The first scientific interview goes back to 1912 and Bowley's study of working-class conditions in five British cities. while the first postal survey is attributed to Sir John Sinclair in 1788 (for a historical overview. see De Heer et aL 1999). In the first part of the twentieth century face-to-face survey interviews were further developed in the Uni...

Leeuw, E. D.

2008-01-01

319

Tradução, adaptação e validação do Relationship Questionnaire em jovens portugueses / Translation, adaptation and validation of the Relationship Questionnaire among portuguese young people / Traducción, adaptación y validación del Relationship Questionnaire en jóvenes portugueses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Enquadramento: No âmbito das relações interpessoais, os relacionamentos amorosos assumem um significado especial no final da adolescência. Objetivos: Este estudo metodológico teve como principal objetivo traduzir e adaptar para a cultura portuguesa o Questionário do Relacionamento Amoroso. Metodolog [...] ia: Participaram 127 estudantes do ensino superior, selecionados por amostragem não probabilística intencional, tendo sido aplicado um questionário (questões relativas a características sociodemográficas e de relacionamento amoroso e o questionário de relacionamento amoroso). Resultados: Os resultados apontam para uma escala de 16 itens, distribuídos por 4 fatores (Relação possessiva, Relação controlo, Relação depreciativa e Relação destrutiva), que explicam 63,850% da variância. A matriz de correlação (?2 =840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantem a adequação do modelo fatorial. Apresenta uma boa consistência interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Os dados confirmam o instrumento como rigoroso, fiável e válido. Os jovens apresentam uma qualidade de relacionamento saudável, sendo este relacionamento melhor nas raparigas que nos rapazes. Conclusão: Os resultados indiciaram estarmos perante um questionário fiável e válido para avaliar o relacionamento amoroso. Abstract in spanish Marco: En el ámbito de las relaciones interpersonales, las relaciones amorosas adquieren un significado especial al final de la adolescencia. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio metodológico ha sido traducir y adaptar a la cultura portuguesa el Cuestionario de Relaciones Amorosas. Metod [...] ología: Se contó con la participación de 127 estudiantes de enseñanza superior seleccionados por un muestreo no probabilístico intencional, y con un cuestionario (cuestiones relativas a las características sociodemográficas y de las relaciones amorosas, así como el cuestionario de relaciones amorosas). Resultados: Los resultados se reflejan en una escala de 16 ítems, distribuidos en 4 factores (relación posesiva, relación de control, relación de desprecio y relación destructiva), que explican el 63,850 % de varianza. La matriz de correlación ?2 = 840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantizan la adecuación del modelo factorial. Asimismo, presenta una buena consistencia interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Los datos confirman que el instrumento es riguroso, fiable y válido. Las relaciones entre los jóvenes son por tanto sanas, aunque la calidad de estas es mejor en las chicas que en los chicos. Conclusión: Los resultados indican que nos encontramos ante un cuestionario fiable y válido de evaluación de las relaciones amorosas. Abstract in english Background: Within interpersonal relationships, romantic relationships take on a special meaning at the end of adolescence. Objectives: The main purpose of this methodological study was to translate and adapt the Relationship Questionnaire into the Portuguese culture. Methodology: A questionnaire (q [...] uestions related to socio-demographic characteristics and romantic relationships, as well as the relationship questionnaire) was applied to a sample composed of 127 higher education students, obtained using a non-probability purposive sampling. Results: Results showed a 16-item scale, distributed into four factors (Possessive relationship, Controlling relationship, Demeaning relationship, and Destructive relationship), which explained 63.850% of the variance. The correlation matrix (?²=840.544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure (KMO=0.815) ensured the adequacy of the factor model. The scale showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.847). Data confirmed that the instrument is accurate, reliable and valid. Young people have healthy relationships, though female students have better relationships than male students. Conclusion: Results indicated that this is a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess romantic relationships.

Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues, Dixe; Helena da Conceição Borges Pereira, Catarino; Susana Margarida Rodrigues, Custódio; Cristina Maria Figueira, Veríssimo; Joana Alice da Silva Amaro Oliveira, Fabião; Maria da Conceição Gonçalves Marques Alegre de, Sá.

2014-06-30

320

Estimates of Fakeability on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The fakeability of scales on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was estimated with a homogeneous sample of female undergraduates. The Questionnaire appeared to be moderately susceptible to faking, at least in the fake good condition. (Author)

Loo, Robert; Wudel, Pam

1979-01-01

321

NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

This data set includes responses for 459 descriptive questionnaires. The Descriptive Questionnaire was used to enumerate individuals within a household for sampling purposes (basis for selection of sample individual), to identify general characteristics of the living quarters and...

322

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 1225 Descriptive Questionnaires for 1225 households. The database contains only a portion of ...

323

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set contains demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 380 descriptive questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The data set contains only ...

324

Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the last few years, there has been increased interest in the addictive potential of the Internet. The current study was an attempt to replicate common findings in the literature and provide more evidence for the existence of Internet addiction among students--a population considered to be especially vulnerable. A total of 371 British students responded to the questionnaire, which included the Pathological Internet Use (PIU) scale, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), a self-esteem scale, and two measures of disinhibition. Results showed that 18.3% of the sample were considered to be pathological Internet users, whose excessive use of the Internet was causing academic, social, and interpersonal problems. Other results showed that pathological Internet users had lower self-esteem and were more socially disinhibited. However, there was no significant difference in GHQ scores. These results are discussed in relation to the methodological shortcomings of research in the area as a whole. PMID:16332167

Niemz, Katie; Griffiths, Mark; Banyard, Phil

2005-12-01

325

Development of an Everyday Spatial Behavioral Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors developed a 12-category, 116-item critical incident questionnaire of spatial behavior. The authors administered the Everyday Spatial Behavioral Questionnaire (ESBQ) to volunteer undergraduates (114 women, and 31 men) and tests of spatial ability to establish both the reliability and construct validity of the instrument. The authors found that Cronbach's alpha across the subscale scores was .92, and that 8 of the 12 subscales had alphas of .70 or greater. The authors found validity of the ESBQ through canonical correlation analysis. Specifically, spatial tests, gender, and age variables, jointly with the ESBQ subscales, identified 2 apparent continua of spatial skills. The authors labeled the first continuum movement through space (from moving a vehicle at one end of the continuum, to moving one's own body through space at the other end of the continuum). The authors labeled the second identified continuum drawing/perceiving perspective/path finding, and it appeared to represent a continuum of 3-dimensional visualization or redirection. Another suggested label was dimensional discernment. Thus, the ESBQ is a first step toward identifying new ways to think about and quantify people's spatial experience. PMID:17824404

Eliot, John; Czarnolewski, Mark Y

2007-07-01

326

Aetiology of thrombosed external haemorrhoids: a questionnaire study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It is important to better understand the aetiology of thrombosed external haemorrhoids (TEH because recurrence rates are high, prophylaxis is unknown, and optimal therapy is highly debated. Findings We conducted a questionnaire study of individuals with and without TEH. Aetiology was studied by comparison of answers to a questionnaire given to individuals with and without TEH concerning demography, history, and published aetiologic hypotheses. Participants were evaluated consecutively at our institution from March 2004 through August 2005. One hundred forty-eight individuals were enrolled, including 72 patients with TEH and 76 individuals without TEH but with alternative diagnoses, such as a screening colonoscopy or colonic polyps. Out of 38 possible aetiologic factors evaluated, 20 showed no significant bivariate correlation to TEH and were no longer traced, and 16 factors showed a significant bivariate relationship to TEH. By multivariate analysis, six independent variables were found to predict TEH correctly in 79.1% of cases: age of 46 years or younger, use of excessive physical effort, and use of dry toilet paper combined with wet cleaning methods after defaecation were associated with a significantly higher risk of developing TEH; use of bathtub, use of the shower, and genital cleaning before sleep at least once a week were associated with a significantly lower risk of developing TEH. Conclusion Six hypotheses on the causes of TEH have a high probability of being correct and should be considered in future studies on aetiology, prophylaxis, and therapy of TEH.

Rohde Henning

2009-10-01

327

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation.

Gates Simon

2006-02-01

328

Test-retest reliability of Common Mental Disorders Questionnaire (CMDQ) in patients with total hip replacement (THR)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: The Common Mental Disorders Questionnaire (CMDQ) is used to assess patients' mental health. It has previously been shown to provide a sensitive and specific instrument for general practitioner setting but has so far not been tested in hospital setting or for changes over time (test-retest). The aim of this study is, by means of a test-retest method, to investigate the reliability of the instrument over time with total hip replacement (THR) patients. METHODS: Forty-nine hip osteoarthritis patients who had undergone THR answered the questionnaire twelve months after their operation. Fourteen days later they completed it again. Covering emotional disorder, anxiety, depression, concern, somatoform disorder and alcohol abuse, the questionnaire consists of 38 items with six subscales, each of which has between 4 to 12 items. A five-point Likert scale (from 0-4) is used. RESULTS: For each of the 38 questions, a quadratic-weighted Kappa coefficient of 0.42 (0.68 - 0.16) to 0.98 (1.00 - 0.70) was found. A Cronbach's alpha of 0.94 for all the questions indicated high internal consistency. CONCLUSION: The results showed a moderate to almost perfect reliability of CMDQ of this specific population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials: NCT01205295.

Bilberg, Randi; NØrgaard, Birgitte

2014-01-01

329

Questionnaire investigation of the stand-alone-type intelligent radiation monitor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A stand-alone-type intelligent radiation monitor was installed on March 2001 at public facilities in the municipalities of Fukui Prefecture, where nuclear power plants are operating. One of the objectives of installing this instrument was that a member of the public could check the level of the exposure dose rate in an emergency by himself. Another purpose was to familiarize the public about the radiation. Three years have passed since the installation. We investigated the popularity of the monitor by a survey using a set of questionnaire. The result showed that the installation was effective for the familiarization regarding radiation. On the other hand, we found that people had some misunderstandings about the natural radiation/radioactivity and the nuclear power plant impact to the environment. The result of this investigation will be useful when we need to explain what radiation/radioactivity is to the people, and when new devices are to be installed in the future. (author)

330

Questionnaire on the perceptions of patients about total knee replacement.  

OpenAIRE

We have developed a 12-item questionnaire for patients having a total knee replacement (TKR). We made a prospective study of 117 patients before operation and at follow-up six months later, asking them to complete the new questionnaire and the form SF36. Some also filled in the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). An orthopaedic surgeon completed the American Knee Society (AKS) clinical score. The single score derived from the new questionnaire had high internal consistency, and it...

Dawson, J.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Murray, D.; Carr, A.

1998-01-01

331

Validation of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) in primary care  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Patient centred outcomes, such as health status, are important in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Extensive questionnaires on health status have good measurement properties, but are not suitable for use in primary care. The newly developed, short Clinical COPD Questionnaire, CCQ, was therefore validated against the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods 111 patients diagnosed by general practitioners as having COPD completed the questionnaires ...

Ehrs Per-Olof; Nokela Mika; Ställberg Björn; Hjemdal Paul; Jonsson Eva

2009-01-01

332

Análisis comparativo de dos modelos del Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form / Comparative Analysis of two models of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este trabajo era contrastar mediante Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio dos modelos de la escala Gratitude Questionnaire - Six Items Form (GQ-6). Los modelos que se contrastaron fueron el de 6 ítems propuesto originalmente por sus constructores y otro de 5 ítems validado por otros autor [...] es. Ambos modelos mostraron índices de ajuste que sugerían su adecuación a los datos, por lo que la decisión sobre la elección del mejor modelo fue teórica. El modelo elegido fue el de 5 ítems, que resultó más parsimonioso, ya que con menos reactivos se obtuvo una escala válida y fable. Del mismo se analizaron las características descriptivas, la consistencia interna y la validez convergente y discriminante. Participaron 330 universitarios españoles (242 mujeres, 88 hombres), con edades entre 18 y 43 años, Medad = 23.33; DE= 4.87. Los resultados mostraron una adecuada consistencia interna, validez convergente y validez discriminante de la escala de 5 ítems. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to compare two models of the Gratitude Questionnaire - Form Six Items (GQ-6) by means of Confirmatory Factor Analysis: the 6 items originally proposed by its builders, and a 5-item validated by other authors. Both models showed fit indices, thereby suggesting adequacy there [...] of to the data; therefore the decision on choosing the best model was one of a theoretical nature. The 5-item approach was the most parsimonious, so it was chosen as the most appropriate approach as a valid and reliable scale was obtained with less reactives. We analyzed descriptive characteristics, internal consistency and convergent and discriminant validity of this model. The sample included 330 Spanish undergraduates (242 women, 88 men), aged 18-43, Mage = 23.33, SD = 4.87. Results showed an appropriate reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity of the 5 items scale.

Gloria, Bernabé Valero; Joaquín, García-Alandete; José Francisco, Gallego-Pérez.

2013-05-01

333

Parent Behavior Importance and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaires: Psychometric Characteristics  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the psychometric characteristics of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire (PBIQ) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire (PBFQ). Both research questionnaires are based on the parent development theory (PDT) and offer parent as well as non-parent respondents the opportunity to rate 38 parenting…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Sanders, Michelle

2008-01-01

334

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Follow-up questionnaire data set contains information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 402 follow-up questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Follow-up Questionnaire specifically addressed the time ...

335

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

Science.gov (United States)

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about each household and its primary respondent. The information is from 380 baseline questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to the primary respondent during a face-t...

336

The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

Khoo Yin Yin; Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah

2013-01-01

337

The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

Khoo Yin Yin

2013-01-01

338

Postal questionnaire study of disability in the community associated with psoriasis.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To study the disability caused by psoriasis in patients recorded as having psoriasis by their general practitioner. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey using the psoriasis disability index and SF-36. SETTING: Five general practices in Cleveland. SUBJECTS: Of 767 patients identified, 546 completed the questionnaire and 435 were eligible and gave informed consent. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Scores on SF-36 and psoriasis disability index. RESULTS: The psoriasis disability index score was ...

O Neill, P.; Kelly, P.

1996-01-01

339

The internal consistencies of the 1987 SEI maturity questionnaire and the SPICE capability dimension  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the results of an empirical evaluation of the reliability of two commonly used assessment instruments: the 1987 SEI maturity questionnaire and the SPICE v1 capability dimension. The type of reliability that was evaluated is internal consistency. A study of the internal consistency of the 1987 questionnaire was only briefly mentioned in a 1991 article, and the internal consistency of the SPICE v1 capability dimension has not been evaluated thus far. We used two different da...

Fusaro, P.; Emam, K. El; Smith, R.

1997-01-01

340

Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. Methods The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 adolescents, ages ranging between 10 an...

Rigo Manuel; Testor Carles; Agata Elisabetta, D.

2010-01-01

341

Psychometric properties of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this research was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist when administered to a convenience sample of 241 fire-fighters from a metropolitan municipality. The results indicate that these two measuring instruments yielded acceptable internal-consistency reliability coefficients for most of the subscales of the questionnaires. Construct validity was investigated by means of e...

Pieter Koortzen; Oosthuizen, Rudolf M.

2009-01-01

342

Análisis de confiabilidad y de validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ Análise de confiabilidade e de validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ Analysis of the Reliability and Validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ, empleado para conocer la percepción de los estudiantes sobre la calidad del aprendizaje en la educación superior. El cuestionario fue traducido y aplicado a 325 estudiantes de ingeniería de una universidad pública de la región metropolitana de Chile. Se generaron estadísticas descriptivas y tanto los niveles de confiabilidad como los análisis de validez mostraron resultados mayoritariamente adecuados. El instrumento CEQ puede emplearse para medir la calidad de la docencia en universidades latinoamericanas y se sugiere su uso con fines de investigación. Nuevas investigaciones deberán continuar el proceso de validación e incorporar otras variables consideradas clave por la línea Student Learning Research para indagar la experiencia de aprendizaje de los estudiantes universitarios.O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ, empregado para conhecer a percepção dos estudantes sobre a qualidade da aprendizagem na educação superior. O questionário foi traduzido e aplicado com 325 estudantes de engenharia de uma universidade pública da região metropolitana do Chile. Geraram-se estatísticas descritivas e tanto os níveis de confiabilidade quanto as análises de validade mostraram resultados majoritariamente adequados. O instrumento CEQ pode empregar-se para medir a qualidade da docência em universidades latino-americanas e se sugere seu uso com fins de pesquisa. Novas pesquisas deverão continuar o processo de validade e incorporar outras variáveis consideradas chave pela linha Student Learning Research para indagar a experiência de aprendizagem dos estudantes universitários.The objective of this study is to analyze the validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ used to know how students perceive the quality of learning in higher education. The CEQ was translated into Spanish and applied to 325 engineering students at a public university in a metropolitan area of Chile. Descriptive statistics were compiled and the analysis of both reliability and validity showed mostly adequate results. The CEQ can be applied to measure the quality of teaching at Latin American universities and the suggestion is that it be used for research purposes. New studies should continue to validate this tool and to include other variables regarded as crucial in "student learning research" to investigate the learning experience of college students.

Carlos González

2012-04-01

343

Análisis de confiabilidad y de validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) / Analysis of the Reliability and Validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) / Análise de confiabilidade e de validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), empregado para conhecer a percepção dos estudantes sobre a qualidade da aprendizagem na educação superior. O questionário foi traduzido e aplicado com 325 estudantes de engenharia de uma universidade [...] pública da região metropolitana do Chile. Geraram-se estatísticas descritivas e tanto os níveis de confiabilidade quanto as análises de validade mostraram resultados majoritariamente adequados. O instrumento CEQ pode empregar-se para medir a qualidade da docência em universidades latino-americanas e se sugere seu uso com fins de pesquisa. Novas pesquisas deverão continuar o processo de validade e incorporar outras variáveis consideradas chave pela linha Student Learning Research para indagar a experiência de aprendizagem dos estudantes universitários. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), empleado para conocer la percepción de los estudiantes sobre la calidad del aprendizaje en la educación superior. El cuestionario fue traducido y aplicado a 325 estudiantes de ingeniería de una [...] universidad pública de la región metropolitana de Chile. Se generaron estadísticas descriptivas y tanto los niveles de confiabilidad como los análisis de validez mostraron resultados mayoritariamente adecuados. El instrumento CEQ puede emplearse para medir la calidad de la docencia en universidades latinoamericanas y se sugiere su uso con fines de investigación. Nuevas investigaciones deberán continuar el proceso de validación e incorporar otras variables consideradas clave por la línea Student Learning Research para indagar la experiencia de aprendizaje de los estudiantes universitarios. Abstract in english The objective of this study is to analyze the validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) used to know how students perceive the quality of learning in higher education. The CEQ was translated into Spanish and applied to 325 engineering students at a public university in a metropolitan are [...] a of Chile. Descriptive statistics were compiled and the analysis of both reliability and validity showed mostly adequate results. The CEQ can be applied to measure the quality of teaching at Latin American universities and the suggestion is that it be used for research purposes. New studies should continue to validate this tool and to include other variables regarded as crucial in "student learning research" to investigate the learning experience of college students.

Carlos, González; Helena, Montenegro; Lorena, López.

2012-04-01

344

Health status in patients with coexistent COPD and heart failure: a validation and comparison between the Clinical COPD Questionnaire and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Farida F Berkhof,1 Leola Metzemaekers,1 Steven M Uil,1 Huib AM Kerstjens,2 Jan WK van den Berg11Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Isala Hospital, Zwolle, 2Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD, Groningen, the NetherlandsBackground: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and heart failure (HF are both common diseases that coexist frequently. Patients with both diseases have worse stable state health status when compared with patients with one of these diseases. In many outpatient clinics, health status is monitored routinely in COPD patients using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ and in HF patients with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHF-Q. This study validated and compared which questionnaire, ie, the CCQ or the MLHF-Q, is suited best for patients with coexistent COPD and HF.Methods: Patients with both COPD and HF and aged ?40 years were included. Construct validity, internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and agreement were determined. The Short-Form 36 was used as the external criterion. All questionnaires were completed at baseline. The CCQ and MLHF-Q were repeated after 2 weeks, together with a global rating of change.Results: Fifty-eight patients were included, of whom 50 completed the study. Construct validity was acceptable. Internal consistency was adequate for CCQ and MLHF-Q total and domain scores, with a Cronbach's alpha ?0.70. Reliability was adequate for MLHF-Q and CCQ total and domain scores, and intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.70–0.90, except for the CCQ symptom score (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.42. The standard error of measurement on the group level was smaller than the minimal clinical important difference for both questionnaires. However, the standard error of measurement on the individual level was larger than the minimal clinical important difference. Agreement was acceptable on the group level and limited on the individual level.Conclusion: CCQ and MLHF-Q were both valid and reliable questionnaires for assessment of health status in patients with coexistent COPD and HF on the group level, and hence for research. However, in clinical practice, on the individual level, the characteristics of both questionnaires were not as good. There is room for a questionnaire with good evaluative properties on the individual level, preferably tested in a setting of patients with COPD or HF, or both.Keywords: Clinical COPD Questionnaire, Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure

Berkhof FF

2014-09-01

345

Development and Evaluation of a New Questionnaire for Rating of Cognitive Failures at Work  

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Full Text Available Cognitive-based human errors have major contribution to performance and safety in working environment. This study designed to develop a measurement tool in order to evaluate this type of errors in the occupational settings. An Occupational Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (OCFQ was developed. Content validity of the OCFQ was performed using a quantitative approach. Reliability of questionnaire was assessed by internal consistency and test-retest methods. A preliminary list of 35-items was prepared as a starting point. After evaluation of validity, five items were rejected. The new measurement instrument with 30-items was finally developed. The content validity index (CVI for the final OCFQ was found acceptable (CVI=0.7. Results show that final OCFQ was internally consistent (?=96 and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC was 0.99. Measurement of cognitive failure in the workplace requires a valid and reliable tool. In respect to probable outcomes of cognitive failures occurrence at work, the present study suggested that OCFQ would be a useful instrument for measurement of cognitive failure in the working environment.

Narmin Hassanzadeh Rangi

2011-01-01

346

Validation of the Danish translation of the Medicine Knowledge Questionnaire among elementary school children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of instruments which can be used to quantitatively assess school children's knowledge about medicine in different countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the Danish translation of a school children's medicine knowledge questionnaire developed in Finland. METHODS: A total of 685 children from 37 Danish elementary schools, aged 10-14 years, participated in a validation study. Test-retest and inter-rater reliability, as well as known-group-validity of the translated instrument were investigated. Significance level was set at P ? 0.05. RESULTS: For test-retest reliability, Spearman r correlation coefficients for correct knowledge score between the two rounds was 0.433, P < 0.001. For inter-rater reliability, kappa for agreement in correct knowledge score ratings between the two raters was 0.202. For known-group validity, a multivariate linear regression model was run for correct knowledge scores, and it significantly explained 9.2% of variance (R square 0.092, P< 0.001). Gender, school grade and use of medicine for asthma were significant predictors in the model. CONCLUSIONS: The translated questionnaire showed a fair test-retest and inter-rater reliability, as well as acceptable known-group validity. In order to be reliably used in further studies to evaluate school children's knowledge about medicine in Denmark, the methodic of knowledge scoring in the instrument is warranted.

Ramzan, Sara; Hansen, Ebba Holme

2014-01-01

347

Design and validity of a questionnaire to assess sexuality in pregnant women  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background A review of validated methods for assessing female sexual dysfunction and a review of male and female sexual dysfunction did not refer to any specific questionnaire for evaluating sexuality during pregnancy. A study was performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, Brazil to design and validate a pregnancy sexuality questionnaire, the Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory (PSRI. Methods Women with a singleton pregnancy between 10 and 35 weeks of gestation were randomly recruited. There were five phases in the development of the PSRI: (1 item selection; (2 item development; (3 determination of internal consistency, reliability and convergence; (4 content validity; and (5 determination of inter-interviewer reliability. Internal consistency and reliability were evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Inter-interviewer reliability was assessed by evaluating the responses of 18 academics at various institutions, using Kappa Index and Student t test. Results Good internal consistency and reliability were obtained (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.79. Among the 18 academics, 13 totally agreed (K = 1.0, three partially agreed (K = 0.67 and two disagreed (K = 0.33 with the proposed questions. Comparisons of the mean PSRI domain scores made between the primary investigators and the other interviewers showed no significant differences in all domains (p > 0.05. Conclusion PSRI is a new validated instrument for evaluating sexuality and sexual activity and related health concerns during pregnancy.

Barbosa Angélica P

2009-07-01

348

Validation of a Brief Questionnaire Measuring Positive Mindset in Patients With Uveitis  

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Full Text Available AimIllness may impact the positivity of a person’s mindset. However, patients with visual impairment, such as uveitis, may struggle to complete questionnaires. The aim of this study was to validate a brief and simple measure of positive mindset in people with uveitis.MethodThis study was a cross-sectional survey of 200 people with uveitis. The Positive Mindset Index (PMI questionnaire uses six items to measure a patient’s happiness, confidence, sense of being in control, stability, motivation, and optimism. ResultsExploratory factor analysis revealed a well-fitting unidimensional factor structure (KMO = .898, with strong factor loadings (from .616 to .721 and excellent internal reliability (Cronbach’s ? = .926. The PMI showed strong concurrent validity with the mental health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .789 and good construct validity relative to the physical health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .468. Excellent test-retest reliability was seen (r = .806. Patients taking 10 mg or more corticosteroid daily had significantly lower PMI scores than those on a lower dose or no dose (t (170 = 2.298, p < .023.ConclusionThe PMI has good face validity and sound psychometric properties. It is a very brief and simple measure, thus user-friendly for patients with visual impairment, as well as researchers and others using the scale.

John A. Barry

2014-03-01

349

Validation of activity questionnaires in patients with cystic fibrosis by accelerometry and cycle ergometry  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to validate physical activity questionnaires for cystic fibrosis (CF against accelerometry and cycle ergometry. Methods 41 patients with CF (12-42 years completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES, the 7-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire (7D-PAR and the Lipid Research Clinics questionnaire (LRC and performed an incremental exercise test according to the Godfrey protocol up to volitional fatigue. Time spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA assessed objectively by accelerometry was related to the time spent in the respective activity categories by correlation analyses and calculating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC. Furthermore, the results of the exercise test were correlated with the results of the questionnaires. Results Time spent in the categories 'hard','very hard' and 'hard & very hard' of the 7D-PAR (0.41 p = 0.002; VO2peak: r = 0.32, p = 0.041. Conclusions In conclusion, the activity categories 'hard' and 'very hard' of the 7D-PAR best reflected objectively measured MVPA. Since the association was at most moderate, the 7D-PAR may be selected to describe physical activity within a population. None of the evaluated questionnaires was able to generate valid physical activity data exercise performance data at the individual level. Neither did any of the questionnaires provide a valid assessment of aerobic fitness on an invidual level.

Ruf Katharina C

2012-04-01

350

Sleepwalking in Parkinson's disease: a questionnaire-based survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleepwalking (SW) corresponds to a complex sleep-associated behavior that includes locomotion, mental confusion, and amnesia. SW is present in about 10% of children and 2-3% of adults. In a retrospective series of 165 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), we found adult-onset ("de novo") SW "de novo" in six (4%) of them. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively and systematically the frequency and characteristics of SW in PD patients. A questionnaire including items on sleep quality, sleep disorders, and specifically also SW and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), PD characteristics and severity, was sent to the members of the national PD patients organization in Switzerland. In the study, 36/417 patients (9%) reported SW, of which 22 (5%) had adult-onset SW. Patients with SW had significantly longer disease duration (p = 0.035), they reported more often hallucinations (p = 0.004) and nightmares (p = 0.003), and they had higher scores, suggestive for RBD in a validated questionnaire (p = 0.001). Patients with SW were also sleepier (trend to a higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, p = 0.055). Our data suggest that SW in PD patients is (1) more common than in the general population, and (2) is associated with RBD, nightmares, and hallucinations. Further studies including polysomnographic recordings are needed to confirm the results of this questionnaire-based analysis, to understand the relationship between SW and other nighttime wandering behaviors in PD, and to clarify the underlying mechanisms. PMID:21293874

Oberholzer, Michael; Poryazova, Rositsa; Bassetti, Claudio L

2011-07-01

351

Validation of the Clinical COPD questionnaire in Italian language  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The development and validation study of the Clinical Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD Questionnaire (CCQ has recently been published in this journal. The CCQ is the first questionnaire that incorporates both clinician and patient guideline goals in the clinical control evaluation of patients with COPD in general clinical practice. The aim of this study is the validation of the CCQ questionnaire in Italian, in specific pulmonary disease clinical practice. Methods Validity was tested on a population of healthy subjects and patients with COPD, using the Italian validated version of the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 and guideline recommended routine measurement in COPD patients (FEV1, FVC, BMI and functional dyspnoea. Test-retest reliability was tested by re-administering the CCQ after 2 weeks. Responsiveness was tested by re-administering the CCQ after three weeks of hospital pulmonary rehabilitation. Distance walked and Borg breathlessness rating were measured at the end of the six-minute walking test (6 MWT, before and after rehabilitation. Results Cross-sectional data were collected from 175 subjects (55 healthy; 40 mild-moderate, 50 severe and 25 very severe COPD. Cronbach's alpha was high (0.89. The CCQ scores in patients were significantly worse than in healthy subjects. The CCQ total score in patients with COPD was significantly worse in those with BMI Conclusions The CCQ is self-administered and has been specially developed to measure clinical control in patients with COPD. Data support its validity, reliability and responsiveness in Italian and in specific pulmonary disease clinical practice.

Raccanelli Rita

2005-02-01

352

The Imperforate Anus Psychosocial Questionnaire (IAPSQ: Its construction and psychometric properties  

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Full Text Available Abstract The origin of the present study was to develop the liaison work between the disciplines of child and adolescent psychiatry and paediatric surgery and nursing, so as to improve the quality of treatment and care of a group of children with imperforate anus (IA and their families. Imperforate anus is a congenital disease involving a deformity of the anorectum. The early surgery and invasive follow-up treatment associated with IA may affect the child psychosocially, including the child-parent relationship. By developing and testing a questionnaire for children born with anorectal anomalies, a tool for measuring psychosocial functioning can be realized. Methods First, a literature review on "Imperforate Anus" was performed. Second, an exploratory interview study was conducted with patients/adolescents with IA and their parents. The findings from these interviews were the foundation for construction of the questionnaire. The Imperforate Anus Psychosocial Questionnaire (IAPSQ was tested and revised three times before its completion. It contains 45 items on Likert scales. A total of 87 children completed the IAPSQ: 25 children with IA and two comparison groups. Face and content validity were considered. The Rasch approach, an item response theory model, was used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the IAPSQ, where item difficulty and person ability are concurrently approximated. Results The findings of the Rasch analysis revealed that the psychological dimension was reasonable, and that person reliability (0.83 was moderate and item reliability (0.95 was sufficient. The social dimension showed satisfactory item reliability (0.87. The person reliability (0.52 of the social dimension was weak. Content validity seemed to be established and construct validity was recognized on the psychological dimension. Conclusion The IAPSQ provides a reasonably valid and reliable measure of psychosocial functioning for clinical use among children with IA, although some revisions are suggested for the next version of the IAPSQ. By using the Rasch model, we discovered that specific items should be discarded and other items should be reformulated to make the questionnaire more "on target". The social dimension has to be expanded with further items to reasonably capture a social dimension.

Christensson Kyllike

2009-05-01

353

Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric functioning of the BAQ: (1 across key phases of pregnancy, and (2 between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods A total of 176 pregnant women from Melbourne, Victoria filled out a questionnaire battery containing demographic questions and the Body Attitudes Questionnaire at 16, 24, and 32 weeks during pregnancy. A comparison group of 148 non-pregnant women also completed the questionnaire battery at Time 1. Evaluations of the psychometric properties of the BAQ consisted of a series of measurement invariance tests conducted within a structural equation modelling framework. Results Although the internal consistency and factorial validity of the subscales of the BAQ were established across time and also in comparisons between pregnant and non-pregnant women, measurement invariance tests showed non-invariant item intercepts across pregnancy and also in comparison with the non-pregnant subgroup. Inspection of modification indices revealed a complex, non-uniform pattern of differences in item intercepts across groups. Conclusions Collectively, our findings suggest that comparisons of body dissatisfaction between pregnant and non-pregnant women (at least based on the BAQ are likely to be conflated by differential measurement biases that serve to undermine attempts to accurately assess level of body dissatisfaction. Researchers should be cautious in assessments of body dissatisfaction among pregnant women until a suitable measure has been established for use in this population. Given the fact that body dissatisfaction is often associated with maladaptive behaviours, such as unhealthy eating and extreme weight loss behaviours, and with ante-and post-natal depression, that have serious negative implications for women’s health and well-being, and potentially also for the unborn foetus during pregnancy, developing a suitable body image screening tool, specific to the perinatal period is clearly warranted.

Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matthew

2012-09-01

354

Bullying among trainee doctors in Southern India: A questionnaire study  

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Full Text Available Background: Workplace bullying is an important and serious issue in a healthcare setting because of its potential impact on the welfare of care-providers as well as the consumers. Aims: To gauge the extent of bullying among the medical community in India; as a subsidiary objective, to assess the personality trait of the bullying victims. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional, anonymous, self-reported questionnaire survey was undertaken among a convenient sample of all the trainee doctors at a Government Medical College in Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire, in English with standard written explanation of bullying was used. Basic information like age, sex, job grade and the specialty in case of Postgraduates (PGs were also collected. Statistical Analysis: The results were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and Chi-square test for comparison of frequencies. Results: A total of 174 doctors (115 PGs and 59 junior doctors, took part in the study with a cent percent response. Nearly half of the surveyed population reported being subjected to bullying. Nearly 54 (53% of the men and 35 (48% of women were subjected to bullying. Significant proportions ( P < 0.0001 of medical personnel and paramedical staff bullied the PGs and junior doctors, respectively. More than 85 (90% of bullying incidents went unreported. A significant ( P < 0.0001 percentage of PGs and junior doctors revealed a personality trait towards bully. Conclusions: Workplace bullying is common among trainee doctors and usually goes unreported.

Bairy K

2007-01-01

355

Questionnaire survey on future development of energy industry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The above questionnaire survey was carried out by the Energy Environmental Policy Committee of Japan Productivity Center for Socio-economic Development in 2003. The outline of the questionnaire survey and the important results are described. 1,570 subjects consisted of 105 Member of Congress, 105 members of local government, 350 researchers, 200 energy industries and organizations, 400 general industries and organizations, 105 mass communication and critics, 105 labor unions, NPO and consumer's organizations and 200 others. They are gone and collected by post. The period was from 8 March to 6 May, 2003. The recovery rate was 38%. Attributions were age, occupation and relation between energy industry and business. The important results and analysis were obtained by the following questions; economic growth, liberalization of electric power and gas market, factors of development of electric power industry, expected saving energy technologies, projection of new energy, expected new energy technologies, nuclear power correlative industries, nuclear power policies, new business of energy industries, support policy for energy industry, energy situation, environmental problems, energy conservation, natural gas and energy policies. (S.Y.)

356

Burn Sexuality Questionnaire: Brazilian translation, validation and cultural adaptation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In measuring the quality of life of burn victims, it is essential that we find reliable and valid means. The Burn Sexuality Questionnaire (BSQ) is a specific instrument that assesses sexuality in the context of quality of life of burn victims. We set out to translate, validate and culturally adapt the BSQ into Brazilian Portuguese. The Portuguese version was applied to 80 patients. After translation, cultural adaptation was performed with 30 patients. We also tested the final version for reliability in 20 patients, and for face, content and construct validities in 30 patients, according to standard procedures. Total Cronbach's alpha was 0.87. Pearson's correlation was significant between scores for different time points. Construct validity was demonstrated with the correlation of the BSQ with the Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised (BSHS-R) questionnaire. It showed significant correlation between the BSQ social comfort domain and the BSHS-R affect and body image (p=0.025), simple function ability (p=0.008), work (p=0.016) and treatment (p=0.037) domains. This cultural adaptation of the BSQ suggests that it is a reliable tool and has construct validity for the social comfort domain. There is still need for a better-structured tool that could possibly evaluate functional and psychological aspects of sexuality, because one could easily overlook the psychosocial aspects of patients with major, complex burns. PMID:23199826

Piccolo, Monica Sarto; Gragnani, Alfredo; Daher, Ricardo Piccolo; de Tubino Scanavino, Marco; de Brito, Maria José; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

2013-08-01

357

Resultados histológicos e detecção do HPV em mulheres com células escamosas atípicas de significado indeterminado e lesão escamosa intra-epitelial de baixo grau na colpocitologia oncológica / Histological results and HPV detection in women with pap smear showing atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: avaliar o desempenho da colpocitologia oncológica (CO) e da Captura de Híbridos II (CHII) para o diagnóstico de lesão cervical histológica significativa (NIC2/3) em mulheres encaminhadas com CO contendo atipias celulares de significado indeterminado (ASCUS) ou lesão escamosa intra-epiteli [...] al de baixo grau (LSIL). MÉTODOS: estudo de corte transversal no qual foram incluídas 161 mulheres encaminhadas, entre agosto de 2000 e setembro de 2002, devido a CO com resultado de ASCUS ou LSIL. As mulheres responderam a questionário específico sobre características sociodemográficas e reprodutivas e foram submetidas a exame ginecológico com coleta de CO e CHII, sendo realizada colposcopia com eventual biópsia de áreas suspeitas. Foi aplicado o teste do qui-quadrado para as associações da idade, uso de condom, uso de anticoncepcional oral e tabagismo com os resultados da CHII. Foram calculados a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo da CO e da CHII para detectar NIC2/3. Todos os cálculos foram realizados com intervalos de confiança estatística de 95%. RESULTADOS: sessenta e sete porcento das mulheres com menos de 30 anos de idade tiveram testes positivos para o HPV. A CO e CHII tiveram sensibilidade de 82% em detectar NIC2/3 quando considerados como positivos ASCUS, LSIL ou HSIL. Quando se consideram como positivas apenas as CO com HSIL, este exame apresenta acentuado ganho de especificidade (de 29 para 95%) e valor preditivo positivo (de 12 para 50%), superando a CHII, porém com redução igualmente significativa de sua sensibilidade (de 82 para 41%). CONCLUSÕES: nossos resultados indicaram grande potencial da CHII para detectar mulheres com NIC2/3 entre as pacientes com ASCUS/LSIL na CO de encaminhamento. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to assess the ability of Pap smear and hybrid capture II (HCII) to detect clinically significant cervical lesions (CIN2/3) in women referred to hospital due to atypical squamous cells of unknown significance (ASCUS) or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL). METHODS: a cross-se [...] ctional study comprising 161 women referred to the Taubaté University Hospital due to ASCUS/LSIL, between August 2000 and September 2002. All women responded to a questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics and were subjected to gynecological examination with specimen collection for Pap test and HCII, along with colposcopy and eventual cervical biopsy. The relationship between HCII results and age, use of condom, oral hormonal contraception, and smoking were evaluated by the chi-square test. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of both Pap test and HCII were calculated. All calculations were performed within 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: sixty-seven percent of the women that tested positive for HPV were less than 30 years old. Pap smear and HCII showed the same 82% sensitivity in detecting CIN2/3 when the threshold for a positive Pap result was ASCUS, LSIL or HSIL. Pap smear specificity and positive predictive values were substantially increased when only HSIL results were considered as positive (from 29 to 95% and 12 to 50%, respectively). These figures were superior to those of HCII, but at the expense of an expressive loss of sensitivity (from 82% to 41%). CONCLUSIONS: our results substantiate the potential of HCII in detecting CIN2/3 among women referred due to ASCUS/LSIL.

André Luis Ferreira, Santos; Sophie Françoise Mauricette, Derchain; Luis Otávio, Sarian; Elizabete Aparecida, Campos; Marcos Roberto dos, Santos; Gislaine Aparecida, Fonsechi-Carvasan.

2004-07-01

358

Applicability of the Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary: a South African case study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The Organisational Climate Description Questionnaire - Rutgers Elementary (OCDQ - RE) was used to determine the current organizational climate of primary schools in North-West Province, South Africa. This questionnaire evaluates the actions of principals and educators; the current organizational cli [...] mate in primary schools can be determined from the results. A quantitative research approach, with 904 teachers from 68 schools, was used to determine the applicability of the measuring instrument. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that certain items measuring directive behaviour in the OCDQ-RE grouped with supportive behaviour of the principal. Hence, in this study, these items were regarded as supportive towards the educators and their work by the respondents. According to Cronbach's alpha coefficient the questionnaire can be regarded as reliable. Recommendations are made to render the questionnaire even more applicable for the South African context.

D, Vos; S M, Ellis; Philip C, van der Westhuizen; P J, Mentz.

359

Development, validation, and implementation of a questionnaire assessing disease knowledge and understanding in adult cystic fibrosis patients.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: The number of adults living with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing, necessitating an assessment of knowledge in this growing population. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing CF knowledge was completed by 100 CF patients (median age: 26.0 years, range 17-49 years; median FEV: 57.0% predicted, range 20-127% predicted). Level of knowledge was correlated with clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: Questionnaire validation showed acceptable internal consistency (alpha=0.75) and test-retest reliability (0.94). Patients had fair overall understanding of CF (mean=72.4%, SD=13.1), with greater knowledge of lung and gastrointestinal topics (mean=81.6%, SD=11.6) than reproduction and genetics topics (mean=57.9%, SD=24.1). Females and those with post-secondary education scored significantly higher (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study validated a questionnaire that can be utilized to assess CF knowledge. Although CF patients understand most aspects of their disease, knowledge deficits are common - particularly regarding genetics and reproduction - and should be considered when developing CF education programs.

Siklosi, Karen R

2012-02-01

360

Reliability and validity of the KIDSCREEN-52 health-related quality of life questionnaire in a Greek adolescent population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The KIDSCREEN-52 is a worldwide instrument for measuring health-related quality of life (HRQoL in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to assess reliability and validity of the Greek version of KIDSCREEN. Methods Questionnaires were collected from a representative nationwide sample of 1,194 adolescents aged from 11 to 17 years. Internal consistency reliability was determined by calculation of the Cronbach ? coefficient. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was conducted in order to test the construct validity of the questionnaire. Validity was further examined by investigating the correlation of KIDSCREEN with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ and its association with socioeconomic and health-related factors. Results Internal consistency reliability was accepted with a Cronbach ? above 0.73 for all KIDSCREEN dimensions. CFA showed that the ten-dimensional model fitted the data well (root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA = 0.048, comparative fit index (CFI = 0.971 and goodness of fit index (GFI = 0.965. Correlation coefficients between KIDSCREEN and SDQ dimensions were significant. Adolescents of low socioeconomic status reported lower scores in the majority of KIDSCREEN dimensions. Also, adolescents with chronic health problem had poorer quality of life concerning physical well-being and other dimensions of KIDSCREEN. Conclusions The Greek version of KIDSCREEN-52 was found to have satisfied psychometric properties and could be suitable for assessing HRQoL in Greek adolescents.

Tzavara Chara

2012-02-01

361

Referrer satisfaction as a quality criterion: developing an questionnaire for measuring the quality of services provided by a radiology departement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To develop a questionnaire for measuring referring physician satisfaction and to conduct a pilot study in which this questionnaire is given to all physicians referring patients to the authors' radiology department. Materials and Methods: After qualitative pre-testing and adjustment of the prototype questionnaire, data were collected using the finalized standardized questionnaire comprising 29 indicators rated on a 4-point ordinal scale mailed with a personalized cover letter to the total referring physician population of a radiology department (n=727). The replies, rated 1-4, were entered into a data entry mask for statistical analysis. Results: The response rate was 33.8%. the indicators with the highest satisfaction rating were the range of examinations offered ('very satisfied': 79.3% mean 3.79), the quality of the technical equipment used for MRI and CT (79.3%, 3.79) and mammography (82.5%, 3.82), and the quality of the images yielded by these procedures (74.5%, 3.73 and 82.2%, 3.83). Dissatisfaction was relatively high with the indicators 'time to receipt of the written report (28.3% 'not very satisfied' or 'not at all satisfied', mean 2.97), 'time to receipt of the X-ray images' (18.2%, 3.07) and 'availability of previous findings' (20.9%, 3.05); satisfaction was higher among external referring physicians (p<0.05). Physicians rated the importance of these three indicators as relatively high ('very important': 62.4%, 54.3% and 49.6%). Other indicators sh.4%, 54.3% and 49.6%). Other indicators showing a similar level of dissatisfaction were 'car parking availability' (24.1%, 3.01), 'patient waiting time' (27.4%, 2.87) and 'patient environment' (21.2%, 2.99), although these factors were rated as less important ('very important': 33.0%, 33.7% and 40.4%). Conclusion: This questionnaire constitutes a standardized validated instrument for assessing referring physician satisfaction with a radiology department. The data from this pilot study highlight areas for potential improvement. Deployment of such a questionnaire in different radiology departments could serve to establish best practice benchmarks. (orig.)

362

Desenvolvimento do questionário CARATkids / CARATkids questionnaire development process  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introdução: A asma e a rinite alérgica (ARA) são doenças inflamatórias crónicas das vias aéreas que frequentemente coexistem. O questionário para avaliação do controlo da asma e da rinite alérgica (CARAT) encontra?se validado para o adulto. O objectivo foi desenvolver o questionário CARATkids para c [...] rianças entre os 4 e os 12 anos de idade, com o diagnóstico médico de ARA. Este trabalho pretende descrever o processo do desenvolvimento do questionário. Métodos: O desenvolvimento do questionário foi estruturado em três fases: 1) revisão da literatura sobre questionários pediátricos existentes; 2) realização de reuniões de consenso que permitiu a criação de uma versão preliminar do CARATkids, com duas versões (crianças e pais), composto por 17 itens. Para as crianças, as perguntas foram acompanhadas por ilustrações para cada questão, com formato de resposta dicotómica (sim / não). Para os pais o questionário manteve o formato de CARAT17, com questões com 4 pontos de Likert e outras questões com opção de resposta com escala dicotómica; 3) realização de um estudo transversal através de entrevistas cognitivas efectuadas a 29 crianças e respectivos pais. Resultados: Foram incluídas 29 crianças (11 do sexo feminino) e respectivos pais. A mediana de idades (P25?P75) foi de 8 (6?10) anos. As crianças com 4 a 5 anos não sabiam ler o questionário; com 6?8 eram capazes de ler/compreender as perguntas, embora referindo dificuldades para algumas expressões. As crianças com mais de 9 anos consideraram o questionário muito simples e claro. O grau de concordância entre as crianças e seus pais foi de 61%, tendo ambos considerado as ilustrações muito claras e esclarecedoras quanto aos conceitos subjacentes. Os pais concordaram que a versão destinada aos pais estava muito completa, considerando a versão da criança muito clara e adequada. Consideraram ainda a escala dicotómica como mais apropriada para crianças, em comparação com a escala de Likert do questionário aplicado aos pais. As expressões identificadas como de difícil entendimento foram alteradas. Conclusão: O questionário CARATkids é o primeiro que avalia o controlo da asma e da rinite na criança. Os testes cognitivos demostraram a sua aplicabilidade dos 6 aos 12 anos de idade Abstract in english Introduction: Allergic rhinitis and asthma (ARA) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the airways that often coexist. The only tool to assess the control of ARA the Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test (CARAT), which is validated for adult patients. We aimed to develop CARATkids for children [...] aged 4?12 years old, with ARA. This article reports the process of development of the CARATkids questionnaire. Methods: The development of the CARATkids questionnaire was structured in three phases: 1) literature was reviewed for existing pediatric questionnaires 2) a multidisciplinary working group developed CARATKids, with 2 versions (children and caregivers), composed by 17?items. For children, questions were accompanied by illustrations with dichotomous response format (yes / no). For caregivers the questionnaire kept the format of CARAT17, with both 4?points Likert and dichotomous scales 3) performed a cross?sectional study and qualitatively through cognitive interviews to 29 children and their caregivers. Results:29 children (11 females) and their caregivers were enrolled. Median age (P25?P75) was 8 (6?10) years old. Children with 4 to 5 years couldn´t read the questionnaire; with 6?8 were able to read/comprehend the questions, although referred difficulties for some words/expressions; and children older than 9, considered the questionnaire very easy and clear. The proportion of agreement between children and their caregivers was 61% and both enjoyed the drawings and found them clear and illustrative of the concepts. Parents agreed that the caregiver’s version was complete considering the child’s version very clear and adequate and approving the dichotomic scal

Luís Miguel, Borrego; João, Fonseca; Ana, Pereira; Vera Reimão, Pinto; Daniela, Linhares; Mário, Morais-Almeida.

2014-09-01

363

Validation of the chronic liver disease questionnaire in Serbian patients  

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Full Text Available AIM: To translate into Serbian and to investigate the validity of the cross-culturally adapted the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 103 consecutive CLD patients treated between October 2009 and October 2010 at the Clinic for Gastroenterology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia. Exclusion criteria were: age 2 ??and liver transplantation. Evaluation of the CLDQ was done based on the following parameters: (1 acceptance is shown by the proportion of missing items; (2 internal reliabilities were assessed for multiple item scales by using Cronbach alpha coefficient; and (3 in order to assess whether the allocation of items in the domain corresponds to their distribution in the original questionnaire (construction validity, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Discriminatory validity was determined by comparing the corresponding CLDQ score/sub-score in patients with different severity of the diseases. RESULTS: The Serbian version of CLDQ questionnaire completed 98% patients. Proportion of missing items was 0.06%. The total time needed to fill the questionnaire was ranged from 8 to 15 min. Assistance in completing the questionnaire required 4.8% patients, while 2.9% needed help in reading, and 1.9% involved writing assistance. The mean age of the selected patients was 53.8 ± 12.9 years and 54.4% were men. Average CLDQ score was 4.62 ± 1.11. Cronbach’s alpha for the whole scale was 0.93. Reliability for all domains was above 0.70, except for the domain “Activity” (0.49. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed 6 factors with eigenvalue of greater than 1, explaining 69.7% of cumulative variance. The majority of the items (66% in the Serbian version of the CLDQ presented the highest loading weight in the domain assigned by the CLDQ developers: “Fatigue” (5/5, “Emotional function” (6/8, “Worry” (5/5, “Abdominal symptoms” (0/3, “Activity” (0/3, “Systemic symptoms” (3/5. The scales “Fatigue” and “Worry” fully corresponded to the original. The factor analysis also revealed that the factors “Activity” and “Abdominal symptoms” could not be replicated, and two new domains “Sleep” and “Nutrition” were established. Analysis of the CLDQ score/sub-score distribution according to disease severity demonstrated that patients without cirrhosis had lower total CLDQ score (4.86 ± 1.05 than those with cirrhosis Child’s C (4.31 ± 0.97. Statistically significant difference was detected for the domains “Abdominal symptoms” [F (3 = 5.818, P = 0.001] and “Fatigue” [F (3 = 3.39, P = 0.021]. Post hoc analysis revealed that patients with liver cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower sub-score “Abdominal symptoms” than patients without cirrhosis or liver cirrhosis Child’s A or B. For domain “Fatigue”, patients with cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower score, than non-cirrhotic patients. CONCLUSION: The Serbian version of CLDQ is well accepted and represents a valid and reliable instrument in Serbian sample of CLD patients.

Dusan Dj Popovic

2013-01-01

364

Psychometric properties of a Farsi version of the authentic assessment perception questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term 'authentic assessment' has recently gained widespread use in education. A five-dimensional questionnaire for authentic assessment was translated into Farsi. The questionnaire which comprises 29 items, divided into 5 subscales (task, physical context, social context, result/form and criteria) was developed in English by Dr. Gulikers and her colleagues in the Netherlands. The questionnaire was translated using a forward-backward method and was pilot tested in terms of translation clarity and applicability. The psychometric properties of the Persian version of the questionnaire were evaluated in terms of face, content, and construct validity in addition to test-retest reliability. A convenience sample of 230 dental students (70 males and 160 females) studying in four dental schools in Tehran city was recruited to evaluate the reliability and construct validity of the Persian version. The quality rating of the translations was favorable, suggesting a high quality of both forward and backward translations. The Content Validity Index (CVI) and Ratio (CVR) for the final Farsi version of the questionnaire were found to be acceptable. Cronbach alpha coefficients for all subscales ranged from 0.78-0.91. These preliminary results suggest that a five dimensional questionnaire in its Farsi version may be a valuable tool in dental education assessment and studies. PMID:24390030

Ahmady, Arezoo Ebn; Yazdani, Shahram; Valian, Azam; Amiri, Zohreh; Mortazavi, Fathieh; Lando, Harry A

2013-12-01

365

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

366

The development of a questionnaire to measure students' motivation towards science learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire that measures students' motivation toward science learning (SMTSL). Six scales were developed: self-efficacy, active learning strategies, science learning value, performance goal, achievement goal, and learning environment stimulation. In total, 1407 junior high school students from central Taiwan, varying in grades, sex, and achievements, were selected by stratified random sampling to respond to the questionnaire. The Cronbach alpha for the entire questionnaire was 0.89; for each scale, alpha ranged from 0.70 to 0.89. There were significant correlations (p?<?0.01) of the SMTSL questionnaire with students' science attitudes (r?=?0.41), and with the science achievement test in previous and current semesters (rp?=?0.40 and rc?=?0.41). High motivators and low motivators showed a significant difference (p?questionnaire. Implications for using the SMTSL questionnaire in research and in class are discussed in the paper.

Tuan, Hsiao-Lin; Chin, Chi-Chin; Shieh, Shyang-Horng

2005-06-01

367

Detecting recurrent major depressive disorder within primary care rapidly and reliably using short questionnaire measures  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often a chronic disorder with relapses usually detected and managed in primary care using a validated depression symptom questionnaire. However, for individuals with recurrent depression the choice of which questionnaire to use and whether a shorter measure could suffice is not established. Aim To compare the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale against shorter PHQ-derived measures for detecting episodes of DSM-IV major depression in primary care patients with recurrent MDD. Design and setting Diagnostic accuracy study of adults with recurrent depression in primary care predominantly from Wales Method Scores on each of the depression questionnaire measures were compared with the results of a semi-structured clinical diagnostic interview using Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis for 337 adults with recurrent MDD. Results Concurrent questionnaire and interview data were available for 272 participants. The one-month prevalence rate of depression was 22.2%. The area under the curve (AUC) and positive predictive value (PPV) at the derived optimal cut-off value for the three longer questionnaires were comparable (AUC = 0.86–0.90, PPV = 49.4–58.4%) but the AUC for the PHQ-9 was significantly greater than for the PHQ-2. However, by supplementing the PHQ-2 score with items on problems concentrating and feeling slowed down or restless, the AUC (0.91) and the PPV (55.3%) were comparable with those for the PHQ-9. Conclusion A novel four-item PHQ-based questionnaire measure of depression performs equivalently to three longer depression questionnaires in identifying depression relapse in patients with recurrent MDD. PMID:24567580

Thapar, Ajay; Hammerton, Gemma; Collishaw, Stephan; Potter, Robert; Rice, Frances; Harold, Gordon; Craddock, Nicholas; Thapar, Anita; Smith, Daniel J

2014-01-01

368

Translation, cultural adaptation and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To translate, to perform a cultural adaptation of and to test the reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire for Brazil. METHODS: First, the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and was then back-translated into French. These translations were reviewed by a committee to establish a Brazilian version of the questionnaire to be tested. The validity and reproducibility of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale questionnaire was evaluated. Patients of both sexes, who were aged 18 to 60 years and presented with rheumatoid arthritis affecting their hands, were interviewed. The patients were initially interviewed by two observers and were later interviewed by a single rater. First, the Visual Analogue Scale for hand pain, the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Disability questionnaire and the Health Assessment Questionnaire were administered. The third administration of the Cochin Hand Functional Scale was performed fifteen days after the first administration. Ninety patients were assessed in the present study. RESULTS: Two questions were modified as a result of the assessment of cultural equivalence. The Cronbach's alpha value for this assessment was 0.93. The intraclass intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.76 and 0.96, respectively. The Spearman's coefficient indicated that there was a low level of correlation between the Cochin Hand Functional Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale for pain (0.46 and that there was a moderate level of correlation of the Cochin Scale with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (0.66 and with the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (0.63. The average administration time for the Cochin Scale was three minutes. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the Cochin Hand