WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Resident training in pathology: Results of questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to discuss the training of pathology residents from the points of wave of themselves and their tutors and reveal the problems.For this purpose, representatives of 4 Universities, 5 State hospitals and Gülhane Military Medical Academy have prepared 2 types of questionnaires in order to the serving capacities of their institutions and the opinions of the tutors working in that departments on training of pathology residents.According to the results, the number of biopsy and cytological materials together with number of faculty is sufficient for all institutions. Both histochemistry and immunohistochemistry have been applied in all institutions. However, only one state hospital has been performing immunoflourescence technique. It is noticeable to see 2 state hospitals do not have any documents on written job description, which summarizes the authority and responsibility of the pathology residents. Another significant conclusion is that the answers of the tutors for the assistant's job description and their responsibility in the training process are very heterogeneous. Time spent for gross examination by tutors was found to be insufficient by 58% of themselves. Although “written feedbacks for residents and tutors” is only being applied in 2 Universities, the majority of the tutors who have participated in the questionnaire have agreed upon the necessity of them for all institutions (95.4% and 93.8%, respectively).

?pek I??k GÖNÜL; Gülçin ALTINOK; Murat ALPER; Ata Türker ARIKÖK; Banu B?LEZ?KÇ?; Özge HAN; Çi?dem IRKKAN; Aydan KILIÇARSLAN; Ayhan ÖZCAN; Elif ÖZER; Berna SAVA?; Sibel ORHUN YAVUZ

2008-01-01

2

Energy options for the Yukon : results from the 1998 questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Yukon Cabinet Commission on Energy distributed a questionnaire in April, 1998 to give residents of Yukon an opportunity to voice their opinions regarding energy. This paper is a complete, question-by-question summary of the results of the completed and returned questionnaires. The questionnaire was designed to find out what types of heating systems are generally used in the Yukon, whether energy efficiency and conservation are high priorities among residents, and if respondents would be willing to pay more for electricity if they knew that it was generated from renewable energy sources. figs.

NONE

1998-06-01

3

Health survey of radiation workers. Results of questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Japanese Society of Radiological Technology asked radiation workers about the radiation doses and the state of their health as well as family. The reports by the Health and Welfare Ministry were referenced to compare radiation workers with others. The questionnaire was sent to about 4,000 members, and returned from 2,479. The survey showed that 684 persons (27.6%) felt health anxiety, 455 persons (18.4%) had medical check for recent one year, and 1,645 persons (66.4%) had anamnesis. Radiation doses for one year and cumulated doses varied according to engaging duration. (K.H.)

Morikawa, Kaoru [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Medical School; Aoyama, Takashi; Kawagoe, Yasumitsu; Sunayashiki, Tadashi; Tanaka, Kiyoshi; Nishitani, Motohiro; Yoshinaga, Nobuharu

1998-11-01

4

Show Me the Money: Incorporating Financial Motives into the Gambling Motives Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Although research has only recently begun to measure what motivates all levels of gambling involvement, motives could offer a theoretically interesting and practical way to subtype gamblers in research and for responsible gambling initiatives. The Gambling Motives Questionnaire (GMQ) is one measure that weaves together much of the gambling motives literature, but it has been criticized for neglecting financial reasons for gambling. This study uses a series of factor analyses to explore the effect of adding nine financial motives to the GMQ in a heterogeneous sample of 1,014 adult past-year gamblers. After trimming trivial financial motives, the penultimate factor analysis of the 15 GMQ items and four financial motives led to a four-factor solution, with factors tapping enhancement, social, coping and financial motives, as predicted. A final factor analysis performed on a modified GMQ-F (i.e., 16 items, including a financial subscale) revealed the same four factors, and hierarchical regression showed that the financial motives improve the GMQ-F's prediction of gambling frequency. This study provides evidence that omitting financial motives is a clear gap in the GMQ, yet suggests that the GMQ is a promising tool that can be conceptually and empirically strengthened with the simple addition of financial items.

Dechant K

2013-06-01

5

Musculoskeletal ultrasonography in Romania - results from a specific questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) is currently used in daily medical practice, as an extension of the clinical examination. The development of training programmes for MSUS has increased the interest of physicians from different specialties in performing this exploration. We realized a survey in order to describe the current practice of MSUS in Romania, as well as determining physicians' preferences for MSUS training implementation. METHODS: In 2010, 196 questionnaires were completed and returned at two congresses in Romania. RESULTS: Most of the participants were rheumatologists and radiologists, followed by physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors, internal medicine doctors, general practitioners and other specialists. 41% of respondents practice MSUS themselves. Doctors use MSUS as a diagnostic tool (95%) and for monitoring diseases (75%). Lack of training and lack of MSUS competence were the main reasons for not performing MSUS. The respondents expressed their preference for future training to be via a programme of regular, intensive courses and active participation in clinics where MSUS is performed. Most of the participants consider mentoring the assessement method of choice. CONCLUSION: The majority of participants in this survey use MSUS in the management of their patients. The results indicate participants' preferences on how training should be delivered in the future.

Tamas MM; Fodor D; Rednic N; Rednic S

2011-03-01

6

The School Anxiety Questionnaire: Theory, Instrument, and Summary of Results.  

Science.gov (United States)

The School Anxiety Questionnaire (SAQ) is a 105-item, multiple-choice instrument designed to measure five aspects of anxiety behavior: 1) Recitation Anxiety; 2) Test Anxiety; 3) Report Card Anxiety; 4) Achievement Anxiety; and 5) Failure Anxiety. The five scales are typically 13 or 14 items in length and have reliability in the middle to high…

Dunn, James A.

7

Danish primary schoolteachers' knowledge about asthma: results of a questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present an anonymous questionnaire inquiry involving 334 primary schoolteachers in the Randers area with the purpose of elucidating teachers' knowledge about asthma. To a series of statements about asthma, the teachers answered yes, no or don't know. A limited knowledge of different aspects of asthma in children was found, although 57% had asthma children in their classes. Specially limited was knowledge about medical treatment. Five percent had received proper instruction about asthma and had a significantly better knowledge of medical treatment (p less than 0.001-0.05). Only 57% knew that wheezing after physical exertion is a strong indicator of asthma and only 33% knew that exertion in cold weather increases the risk of an attack. It is recommended that instruction in children's diseases, especially asthma, is introduced in teacher training colleges. PMID:1498508

Madsen, L P; Storm, K; Johansen, A

1992-05-01

8

Danish primary schoolteachers' knowledge about asthma: results of a questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present an anonymous questionnaire inquiry involving 334 primary schoolteachers in the Randers area with the purpose of elucidating teachers' knowledge about asthma. To a series of statements about asthma, the teachers answered yes, no or don't know. A limited knowledge of different aspects of asthma in children was found, although 57% had asthma children in their classes. Specially limited was knowledge about medical treatment. Five percent had received proper instruction about asthma and had a significantly better knowledge of medical treatment (p less than 0.001-0.05). Only 57% knew that wheezing after physical exertion is a strong indicator of asthma and only 33% knew that exertion in cold weather increases the risk of an attack. It is recommended that instruction in children's diseases, especially asthma, is introduced in teacher training colleges.

Madsen LP; Storm K; Johansen A

1992-05-01

9

Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Kiyoshi Kuboyama, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, performance definition and LCA as recent two keywords on the durability were explained. On the performance definition, it was described that the establishment of modeling technique of the concrete characteristic evaluation and development of the functional change prediction method as a function in the time and durability evaluation based on these results. On the LCA, it was described that the development of the total cost evaluation technique, consistency with the service life and relevance to the recycling concrete. Next, it was explained that construction of the database was necessary for the former development. (NEDO)

Kuboyama, Kiyoshi [Mitsubishi Materials Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

10

P-001: Koi herpes virus world wide: results of the global KHV questionnaire 2007-2009  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

KOI HERPES VIRUS WORLD WIDE: RESULTS OF GLOBAL KHV QUESTIONNAIRE 2007-2009 O. Haenen*,1 and N. J. Olesen2 (and our colleagues who completed the questionnaire) 1 Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, NRL for Fish and Shellfish Diseases, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands....

Haenen, Olga; Olesen, Niels Jørgen

11

Stakeholder views on biofuels. WP1 Final report about the results of the stakeholder questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] For the VIEWLS project an internet-based questionnaire on biofuels was distributed among a large group of stakeholders in the European Union, Accession Countries and the Americas in the second half of 2003. The purpose of the questionnaire was to collect information on stakeholders' opinion on biofuel related topics including the future potential of biofuels and drivers and barriers for the market introduction. Here the main results are presented. The results should only be regarded as indicative because no detailed statistical analysis was performed due to the difference in representation from different countries and stakeholder groups

2004-01-01

12

Online Student Evaluation Improves Course Experience Questionnaire Results in a Physiotherapy Program  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the use of an online student evaluation system, Course Experience on the Web (CEW), in a physiotherapy program to improve their Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) results. CEW comprises a course survey instrument modeled on the CEQ and a tailored unit survey instrument. Closure of the feedback loop is integral in the CEW…

Tucker, Beatrice; Jones, Sue; Straker, Leon

2008-01-01

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[The Bochum aftercare questionnaire for cancer in otorhinolaryngology: first results of clinical application  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The damage caused by cancer disease is multidimensional, affecting a patient physically, emotionally, and intellectually. A post-cancer documentation system is necessary that takes into account a patient's psychosocial well-being. With this objective in mind, the aftercare journal was developed for tumor diseases in otorhinolaryngology in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the Ruhr University Bochum. METHODOLOGY AND PATIENTS: From April 2002 to May 2003, 112 patients received a standardized questionnaire to evaluate the aftercare journal newly introduced in Germany for ENT tumor diseases. Six items were presented: outer appearance, format/size of the journal, clarity in the design, recording areas relevant to the disease, improvement in the tumor aftercare, and personal feeling of safety. An evaluation scale of zero to four points served as the basis for assessment. A high point value represented the higher degree of patient satisfaction for each respective item. RESULTS: In all six items, the assessment of the journal predominantly showed agreement of the patients. Assessing the improvement in tumor aftercare and providing a personal feeling of safety, patients with shorter disease remission had a tendency to allocate low point values. CONCLUSION: The aftercare journal for ENT sets the trend for documentation systems in cancer aftercare. The study proved the need to consider concerns of the disease related to medical and psychosomatic factors in patients as a standard for modern psychosocial oncology.

Marek A; Dazert S

2007-02-01

14

P-001: Koi herpes virus world wide: results of the global KHV questionnaire 2007-2009  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

KOI HERPES VIRUS WORLD WIDE: RESULTS OF GLOBAL KHV QUESTIONNAIRE 2007-2009 O. Haenen*,1 and N. J. Olesen2 (and our colleagues who completed the questionnaire) 1 Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, NRL for Fish and Shellfish Diseases, P.O. Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands. 2 National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Hangøvej 2, DK-8200 Århus N, Denmark EPIZONE is a big EU network of excellence project within FP6 (www.epizone-eu.net), with 20 partners from Europe, and China, Turkey, FAO and DiVa. Its mission is to improve research on preparedness, prevention, detection, and control of epizootic diseases within Europe to reduce the economic and social impact of future outbreaks of emerging/notifiable diseases, like Foot-and-mouth disease through increased excellence by collaboration. Within EPIZONE, Work package 6.1 covers emerging diseases of fish, including Koi Herpes virus (KHV), which causes the notifiable KHV disease (KHVD) in koi and carp (Cyprinus carpio). In Sept 2007, at the last EAFP Conference at Grado, results of the detailed EPIZONE questionnaire on KHV disease in 2006-2007 were presented. In March 2009 a follow up KHV questionnaire was sent to > 65 countries world wide. By the start of May 2009, 40 countries had responded, i.e. > 60%. The results of the KHV questionnaire will be presented as a poster, and hand-out. Questions of the questionnaire were about koi (1), cultured (2) and wild carp (3), all Cyprinus carpio: • Prevalence of KHV in your country: year of first detection;? Number of outbreaks in 2004-2009 in 1, 2 or 3? • Clinics: what clinical signs were present in KHV outbreaks ? • Outbreaks: Was there disease and mortality in small and/or big fish? • Diagnosis: Which diagnostic tests were used for KHV detection, screening and confirmation? Did/do you participate in the KHV PCR ring test of CEFAS (UK); • Susceptible fish species: Was KHV isolated from other species than koi/carp? • Latent carriers: Do you have any experience with latency of KHV in koi/carp? • Measures (stamping out, temp change, therapy) and effects in 1, 2, and 3? • Vaccination: Is a KHV vaccine used in your country? • Any research on KHV in your country and laboratory? • National legislation in your country? • Any Further points? A full updated literature list on KHV on request: please E-mail olga.haenen@wur.nl

Haenen, Olga; Olesen, Niels JØrgen

15

Patient-related outcome questionnaires in the assessment of the results of total hip replacement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A variety of patient-related outcome questionnaires have been used for the assessment of results of total hip replacement. Generic core scales (SF-12, SF-36) and disease-specific scales like: Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index, Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Oxford Hip Score, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons hip and knee Questionnaire, Lower Extremity Functional Scale are used most frequently. Even though all of them were assessed in terms of construct and content validity, reproducibility and sensitivity, there are still some problems related to bias when total hip replacement evaluation is performed in the presence of comorbidities, contralateral hip disease and ceiling effect influencing the final score. As a result, there is a need for development of a new PRO questionnaire in order to improve total hip replacement assessment, enable early detection of postoperative complications or to evaluate the results of surgery in both hips separately. It is crucial that such measuring device has to be deprived of the influence of irrelevant factors on the final score.

Kaczmarek W; Pietrzak K; Staszczuk P; Kaczmarczyk J

2013-01-01

16

Patient-related outcome questionnaires in the assessment of the results of total hip replacement.  

Science.gov (United States)

A variety of patient-related outcome questionnaires have been used for the assessment of results of total hip replacement. Generic core scales (SF-12, SF-36) and disease-specific scales like: Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index, Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Oxford Hip Score, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons hip and knee Questionnaire, Lower Extremity Functional Scale are used most frequently. Even though all of them were assessed in terms of construct and content validity, reproducibility and sensitivity, there are still some problems related to bias when total hip replacement evaluation is performed in the presence of comorbidities, contralateral hip disease and ceiling effect influencing the final score. As a result, there is a need for development of a new PRO questionnaire in order to improve total hip replacement assessment, enable early detection of postoperative complications or to evaluate the results of surgery in both hips separately. It is crucial that such measuring device has to be deprived of the influence of irrelevant factors on the final score. PMID:23900065

Kaczmarek, Wieslaw; Pietrzak, Krzysztof; Staszczuk, Piotr; Kaczmarczyk, Jacek

2013-07-30

17

Tradução e adaptação cultural da Seizure Severity Questionnaire: resultados preliminares/ Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire: first results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento medicamentoso tem como meta principal a redução da freqüência de crises ou seu controle completo. No Brasil não dispomos de informação sobre tradução, adaptação cultural e validação de escalas que medem a gravidade de crises. OBJETIVO: Tradução e adaptação cultural da Escala de Gravidade de Crises (EGC) (Seizure Severity Questionnaire) com objetivo de avaliar o impacto da freqüência de crises. CASUÍSTICA E METODOLOGIA: A auto (more) ra da escala concedeu a versão original em inglês para a tradução. Dois professores de inglês nativos realizaram a retrotradução. As versões em português e a retrotraduzida foram comparadas à original e após consenso foi obtida a versão final. Trinta pacientes em tratamento regular com diagnóstico de epilepsia do lobo temporal relacionada a esclerose mesial temporal responderam ao questionário. RESULTADOS: Vinte e dois pacientes (73%) eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 37 anos. Na Escala de Gravidade de Crises, 10 (33%) tiveram apenas auras; 18 (62%) apresentaram Movimentos ou atitudes durante a crise. Dois (6%) apresentaram Perda dos sentidos, 13 (43%) revelaram demora na recuperação após a crise com Efeitos mentais e corpóreos e 12 (40%) tiveram Efeitos emocionais. Vinte e oito (94%) responderam terem sido as crises extremamente graves e para 23 (77%) a recuperação após as crises foi o que mais incomodou. Observou-se uma correlação estatisticamente significante entre a freqüência de crises e os domínios do Nottingham Health Profile: Reações Emocionais (p = 0,046), Dor (p = 0,015) e Alterações do sono (p = 0,003). CONCLUSÃO: Foi realizada a adaptação cultural da EGC, avaliando seus resultados preliminares, e a relação entre freqüência de crises e QV. O impacto das crises tradicionalmente estudado em termos da freqüência e tipo de evento pode ser melhor compreendido se analisado sob a ótica do paciente. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Seizure severity and seizure frequency reduction are the goals in the treatment of epilepsy. Up to the present, there are no validated instruments or studies emphasizing initial reliability and validity of questionnaires to measure seizure severity into Brazilian Portuguese. PURPOSE: This report describes the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ), an instrument to evaluate seizure frequency and severity. CASUIS (more) TIC AND METHODS: The author conceded the original English version to Portuguese translation. Later, two independent native English-speaking teachers fluent in Portuguese translated this consensus version back into English. Comparison of the back-translation with the original English version showed only a few discrepancies, and the English and Portuguese versions were considered conceptually equivalent. Thirty patients regularly treated with temporal lobe epilepsy related to mesial temporal sclerosis answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty-two adult patients (73%) were male and mean age 37. Ten (33%) reported only auras and 18 Movements or attitudes during the seizures. Two presented Loss of consciousness. For 13 (43%) there was a long time to recuperate after the event. 12 reported Emotional effects and all patients had Body effects. The majority of patients, 28 (94%) considered their seizures extremely severe and for 23 (77%) the recuperation period was the most bother symptom. The association of seizure frequency and Nottingham Health Profile showed statistical significance for the domains: Emotional well-being (p = 0.046), Pain (p = 0.015) and Sleep (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: This study explored the cultural adaptation of SSQ and its first results. We also assessed the correlation between seizure frequency and quality of life impact. The instrument SSQ could help to understand the seizure concern in the view of the patient.

Silva, Tatiana Indelicato da; Alonso, Neide Barreira; Azevedo, Auro Mauro; Westphal-Guitti, Ana Carolina; Migliorini, Rosa Cristina Vaz Pedroso; Marques, Carolina Mattos; Caboclo, Luís Otavio Sales Ferreira; Sakamoto, Américo Ceiki; Yacubian, Elza Márcia Targas

2006-03-01

18

Report of results of questionnaire concerning mistakes in administration of radiopharmaceuticals in nuclear medicine practice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes results of questionnaire in the title which was done in September, 2004, by the risk-management committee of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine. The questionnaire was sent to 1,279 facilities conducting the in vivo nuclear medical practices, of which 740 (58%) answered. The mistake is found to occur at the approximate rate of once per several years in about half of the answered facilities and to tend to be more frequent in those where full-time doctors and/or nurses were absent. Many occurred in bone and tumor scintigraphy, but severe complication was scarce. The information of mistakes was given to patients in about 80% cases, and about 90% were reported to the safety management department. The mistakes are found to have been caused by poor confirmation of the subject patient, congested examinations at one time, poor communication between personnel concerned or inappropriate labeling of the pharmaceutical. It is concluded that the thoroughgoing confirmation of patient and drug, accurate adjustment of examination schedule and effort to increase the number of personnel in charge are needed. (T.I.)

2007-01-01

19

Coeliac disease diagnosis: espghan 1990 Criteria or need for a change? Results of a questionnaire  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

INTRODUCTION:: A revision of criteria for diagnosing celiac disease (CD) is currently being conducted by ESPGHAN. In parallel, we have performed a survey aimed to evaluate current practices for CD among pediatric gastroenterologists (PG) and to learn their views on the need for modification of current criteria for CD diagnosis. METHODS:: Questionnaires were distributed to experienced PG (ESPGHAN members) via internet. RESULTS:: Overall, 95 valid questionnaires were available for analysis, pertaining to 28 different countries, with the majority of responders treating CD patients for more than 15 years. Only about 12% of the responders comply with current criteria, noncompliance being related mainly to the challenge policy.About 90 % request a revision and modification of the current criteria. 44% want to omit the SBB in symptomatic children with positive anti-tissue Transglutaminase (tTG) IgA or endomysial (EMA) IgA antibodies, specially if they are DQ2/DQ8 positive. For silent cases detected by screening withconvincingly positive tTG IgA or EMA IgA, about 30% consider that no small bowel biopsy (SBB) should be required in selected cases. Adding HLA typing in the diagnostic work up was asked for by 42% of the responders. As for gluten challenge a new policy is advocated restricting its obligation to cases whenever the diagnosis is doubtful or unclear. CONCLUSIONS:: Based on these opinions, revision of the ESPGHAN criteria for diagnosing CD is urgently needed.

Ribes-Koninckx, C; Mearin, Ml

2012-01-01

20

Coeliac disease diagnosis: ESPGHAN 1990 criteria or need for a change? Results of a questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A revision of criteria for diagnosing coeliac disease (CD) is being conducted by The European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN). In parallel, we have performed a survey aimed to evaluate present practices for CD among paediatric gastroenterologists and to learn their views on the need for modification of present criteria for CD diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to experienced paediatric gastroenterologists (ESPGHAN members) via the Internet. RESULTS: Overall, 95 valid questionnaires were available for analysis, pertaining to 28 different countries, with the majority of responders treating patients with CD for >15 years. Only about 12% of the responders comply with present criteria, noncompliance being related mainly to the challenge policy. Approximately 90% request a revision and modification of the present criteria. Forty-four percent want to omit the small bowel biopsy in symptomatic children with positive anti-tissue transglutaminase immunoglobulin (Ig) A or endomysial IgA antibodies, especially if they are DQ2/DQ8 positive. For silent cases detected by screening with convincingly positive anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA or EMA IgA, about 30% consider that no small bowel biopsy should be required in selected cases. Adding human leukocyte antigen typing in the diagnostic workup was asked for by 42% of the responders. As for gluten challenge, a new policy is advocated restricting its obligation to cases whenever the diagnosis is doubtful or unclear. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these opinions, revision of the ESPGHAN criteria for diagnosing CD is urgently needed.

Ribes-Koninckx C; Mearin ML; Korponay-Szabó IR; Shamir R; Husby S; Ventura A; Branski D; Catassi C; Koletzko S; Mäki M; Troncone R; Zimmer KP

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Cross-cultural adaptation of the Health Education Impact Questionnaire: experimental study showed expert committee, not back-translation, added value.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the contribution of back-translation and expert committee to the content and psychometric properties of a translated multidimensional questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Recommendations for questionnaire translation include back-translation and expert committee, but their contribution to measurement properties is unknown. Four English to French translations of the Health Education Impact Questionnaire were generated with and without committee or back-translation. Face validity, acceptability, and structural properties were compared after random assignment to people with rheumatoid arthritis (N = 1,168), chronic renal failure (N = 2,368), and diabetes (N = 538). For face validity, 15 bilingual people compared translations quality with the original. Psychometric properties were examined using confirmatory factor analysis (metric and scalar invariance) and item response theory. RESULTS: Qualitatively, there were five types of translation errors: style, intensity, frequency/time frame, breadth, and meaning. Bilingual assessors ranked best the translations with committee (P = 0.0026). All translations had good structural properties (root mean square error of approximation <0.05; comparative fit index [CFI], ?0.899; and Tucker-Lewis index, ?0.889). Full measurement invariance was observed between translations (?CFI ? 0.01) with metric invariance between translations and original (lowest ?CFI = 0.022 between fully constrained models and models with free intercepts). Item characteristic curve analyses revealed no significant differences. CONCLUSION: This is the first experimental evidence that back-translation has moderate impact, whereas expert committee helps to ensure accurate content.

Epstein J; Osborne RH; Elsworth GR; Beaton DE; Guillemin F

2013-09-01

22

Format to communicate risk and uncertainty about the disposal of radioactive waste to different stakeholders; questionnaire and analysis of the results of the questionnaire. Deliverable D8  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders This report summarises the activities performed at JRC-IE to develop a format to communicate key ideas about uncertainty and risk associated to a SNF/HLW repository. After a period of literature research in different areas related to the safety assessment of nuclear waste repositories, the following subjects were selected as the key ideas to communicate to different stakeholders - The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version.The concept of risk; - What is a repository and how does it work; - Involved uncertainties. Origin, classification and treatment; - Key numeric and graphic results of a safety assessment; - Comparison with other risks. The format chosen is a verbal presentation supported by a PowerPoint file containing graphic material. This is a very flexible format that allows a lot of interaction with the audience. The format has been tested in two in-house debate sessions. The analysis of answers given by participants to a questionnaire and the notes taken during the debate held after the presentation will be used to update the format. Participants in the debate sessions were quite positive about the sections that tackled the concept of risk, the way a repository works and the comparison of safety limits used in European national regulations with the worldwide average radiation level, but they showed some more criticism about the way to communicate some key results from a safety assessment. They found especially difficult to understand some graphic results obtained via sensitivity analysis, and provided suggestions to improve some graphic representations of uncertainty. They also advised to reduce as much as possible the use of mathematical expressions and formulas. The updated format will be tested in the coming future in a risk communication workshop. After getting feedback from the participants in that workshop, the format will be updated again in order to generate its final version

2009-01-01

23

Weight loss maintenance in African-American women: focus group results and questionnaire development.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: African-American women are disproportionately affected by obesity. Weight loss can occur, but maintenance is rare. Little is known about weight loss maintenance in African-American women. OBJECTIVES: (1) To increase understanding of weight loss maintenance in African-American women; (2) to use the elicitation procedure from the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to define the constructs of attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control regarding weight loss and maintenance; and (3) to help develop a relevant questionnaire that can be used to explore weight loss and maintenance in a large sample of African Americans. DESIGN: Seven focus groups were conducted with African-American women: four with women successful at weight loss maintenance, three with women who lost weight but regained it. Discussions centered on weight loss and maintenance experiences. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven African-American women. APPROACH: Content analysis of focus group transcripts. RESULTS: Weight loss maintainers lost 22% of body weight. They view positive support from others and active opposition to cultural norms as critical for maintenance. They struggle with weight regain, but have strategies in place to lose weight again. Some maintainers struggle with being perceived as sick or too thin at their new weight. Regainers and maintainers struggle with hairstyle management during exercise. The theoretical constructs from TPB were defined and supported by focus group content. CONCLUSIONS: A weight loss questionnaire for African Americans should include questions regarding social support in weight maintenance, the importance of hair management during exercise, the influence of cultural norms on weight and food consumption, and concerns about being perceived as too thin or sick when weight is lost.

Barnes AS; Goodrick GK; Pavlik V; Markesino J; Laws DY; Taylor WC

2007-07-01

24

Results of questionnaire for the needs of measured data for the steady-state calculations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the First International Seminar on the Modelling of Horizontal Steam Generators arranged in March 1991 was agreed to arrange a common calculational exercise to calculate the secondary side flow conditions during normal plant operation. OKB Gidropress of Russia supplied the experimental results for the exercise. They included some measured data of the local velocities and void fractions for the steam generators of the VVER-440 and VVER-1000 type reactors. The results of the common calculational exercise presented in the Second International Seminar in September 1992 were still mainly preliminary and it was felt necessary to continue these efforts. It was concluded that the given experimental results were not sufficient for a real code assessment - still too many quantities have to be guessed. It was pointed out that it is advisable to define a minimum set of necessary data. For this reason it was decided that VTT should made a query among the participants of the seminar, where they can give their opinion of the essential data. In this presentation the results of the questionnaire are given.

Yrjoelae, V. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)

1995-12-31

25

Multiple sclerosis in the Faroe Islands. 7. Results of a case control questionnaire with multiple controls  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Detailed questionnaires were completed in 1978-79 by 23 of the 28 then known resident Faroese multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 127 controls. These controls were divided into 69 Group A (patient sibs and other relatives), 37 Group B (matched neighbor controls, their spouses and sibs, plus patient's spouse), and 21 Group C (distant matched controls, spouses, relatives living where MS patients never resided and British troops were not encamped during the war). No differences between cases and controls were found for education, occupation, types of residence, bathing, sanitary or drinking facilities, and nature of house construction or heating. Detailed dietary histories, available for half the subjects, revealed no differences, cases versus controls, for four age periods between age 0 and 30 years, and for 16 specified foodstuffs. Animal exposures showed overall no consistent differences by location or type of animal. There was a tendency to greater exposure to British troops during the war for cases versus Groups A and B but this did not attain statistical significance. Vaccinations for smallpox, tetanus and diphtheria were less common in the MS; no difference was found for other vaccinations. Except for a relative deficit in the cases for rubella and (insignificantly) for measles, mumps and chicken pox, reported illnesses were equally common among all groups. Operations, hospitalizations and injuries did not differentiate the groups, nor did age at menarche for women. Neurologic symptoms were significantly more common in the cases than in the controls.

Kurtzke, J F; Hyllested, K

1997-01-01

26

Subjective photic phenomena with refractive multifocal and monofocal intraocular lenses. results of a multicenter questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To compare the incidence and severity of photic phenomena after the implantation of the Array(R) (Allergan) refractive multifocal intraocular lens (MIOL) and a monofocal IOL. SETTING: Multicenter study at Kiel, Mainz, Karlsruhe, and Bremerhaven, Germany. METHODS: The study comprised 231 randomly selected patients from 4 study centers. The patients had had uneventful phacoemulsification with implantation of a refractive MIOL (n = 138) or a monofocal IOL (n = 93). By questionnaire, patients were asked whether they experienced light sensations postoperatively (light streaks, halos, flare, flashes, or glare) that had not been noticed preoperatively. Additional questions evaluated whether these phenomena had changed over time and how much they affected the patients' quality of life. RESULTS: Overall, 9% of patients with a monofocal IOL and 41% of those with an MIOL reported photic phenomena that had not been noticed before cataract surgery. Halos and flare were mentioned significantly more often by patients with MIOLs than by those with monofocal IOLs. There was no significant between-group difference in the mention of flashes. Eighteen percent of patients with MIOLs and 4% with monofocal IOLs were slightly or moderately bothered by the photic phenomena, whereas 5% of patients with MIOLs and none in the monofocal group were severely disturbed by the light sensations. CONCLUSION: Subjective photic phenomena were experienced significantly more often by patients who had refractive MIOLs than by those who had monofocal IOLs. The differences in the results of the 4 study centers were probably influenced by different patient selection criteria for the implantation of MIOLs.

Häring G; Dick HB; Krummenauer F; Weissmantel U; Kröncke W

2001-02-01

27

Prioritizing the patient: optimizing therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Results of a patient questionnaire in northern Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jürgen Wollenhaupt,1 Inge Ehlebracht-Koenig,2 André Groenewegen,3 Dieter Fricke41Rheumatologikum Hamburg, Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany; 2Center of Rehabilitation, Bad Eilsen, Germany; 3UCB Pharma SA, Brussels, Belgium; 4UCB Pharma GmbH, Monheim, GermanyPurpose: A 40-question postal survey was developed to gain insight into the nature of difficulties experienced by patients due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as well as patient perceptions and priorities regarding their RA treatmentPatients and methods: A total of 3000 Lower Saxony, Germany members of Rheuma-Liga (RL), a patient support group for people with RA, were invited to participate between July 1, and August 20, 2009. The questionnaire was divided into four sections: (1) patient demographics, (2) quality of life (QOL), (3) treatment expectations and, (4) patient perceptions of RL. The questionnaire could be completed in writing or via the internet.Results: Of 959 respondents (response rate = 32.0%), 318 had diagnosed RA and were included in the analysis. The respondents were mostly retired (71.2%), female (83.3%), and >60 years of age (63.5%). Members’ responses indicated that most were generally satisfied with their current treatment (67.3%), considered it efficacious (84.0%), and reported minimal (none or little) side-effects (61.2%). Patient involvement in treatment decisions, however, was reportedly low (49.6% felt insufficiently involved). Patients’ primary impairments were reflected in their treatment priorities: mobility (97.0%), ability to run errands/do shopping (97.1%), do the housework (95.6%), and be independent of others (94.2%). The primary service provided by RL and used by respondents was physiotherapy (70.6%), which was reported to benefit physical function and mood by over 90.0% of respondents.Conclusion: RA had a detrimental effect upon respondents' quality of life, specifically impairing their ability to perform daily tasks and causing pain/emotional distress. Independence and mobility were strong priorities for respondents. Physical therapy, provided by RL, was felt to help both physical and mental/emotional health.Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, patient survey, quality of life, patient satisfaction

Wollenhaupt J; Ehlebracht-Koenig I; Groenwegen A; Fricke D

2013-01-01

28

Care challenges for informal caregivers of chronically ill lung patients: results from a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: The article aims to answer who the informal caregivers of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are, what kind of help they provide, and how they experience providing help to the patient. METHOD: Data from a questionnaire survey to next of kin of COPD patients carried through in Norway in December 2009 and January 2010 is explored. RESULT: About 70% of the patients have one or more informal caregivers, and a majority of the caregivers is the patient's spouse, most often a wife. The help provided is, to a large extent, practical help like housework, garden work, and shopping. Another important support is to accompany the patient to health care. About 45% of the caregivers are part of the work force. Rather few of the respondents experience the caregiving as so demanding that they have chosen to work part-time or quit working. The most demanding part of being an informal caregiver is an overall worrying for the patient. CONCLUSIONS: Paid sick leaves for caregivers that are employed, and hospital-at-home programmes that provide education and surveillance to the patient and his/her family through different phases of the illness, are policy means that both can help the informal caregivers to manage daily life and reduce the pressure on the formal healthcare and long-term care services in the future.

Gautun H; Werner A; Lurås H

2012-02-01

29

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Wiersema Nicole J; Drukker Anouck J; Dung Mai; Nhu Giang; Nhu Nguyen; Lambalk Cornelis B

2006-01-01

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The role of a local mammography workshop, considered from the results of reading examinations and associated questionnaires  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The mammography workshop group for the southern Osaka prefectural area (Hannan Mammography Workshop Group) started in April, 2001, and reading examinations have been carried out periodically since the 9th workshop held in April, 2004, in order to promote mammography breast cancer screening and improve quality control. Questionnaire studies were performed in association with the 3rd (December, 2006) and 4th (March, 2008) reading examinations in order to analyze the role of the local workshop. The questionnaires included items inquiring about the examinee's sex, age, institution location, type of occupation, attendance at mammography training courses provided by the Central Committee for Quality Control, the number of attendances at the local workshop, performance of breast cancer screening, experience of recall examinations, and the number of readings performed. In addition, the questions that yielded varied interpretations at reading examinations were carefully checked in order to better manage subsequent workshops. Examinees who had attended the workshops more than 6 times tended to have a high category sensitivity (62.2% at the 3rd reading examination, and 58.9% at the 4th). Test cases that showed a low conformity rate of category judgment were as follows: judgment of typically benign calcifications, distinction between amorphous or indistinct calcifications and pleomorphic or heterogeneous calcifications, judgment of focal asymmetric density (FAD) and architectural distortion. We intend to use these results to improve the quality control of breast cancer screening through our local mammography workshop activity. (author)

2011-01-01

31

Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Spirituality has become a subject of interest in health care as it is was recognized to have the potential to prevent, heal or cope with illness. There is less doubt that values and goals are important contributors to life satisfaction, physical and psychological health, and that goals are what gives meaning and purpose to people's lives. However, there is as yet but limited understanding of how patients themselves view the impact of spirituality on their health and well-being, and whether they are convinced that their illness may have "meaning" to them. To raise these questions and to more precisely survey the basic attitudes of patients with severe diseases towards spirituality/religiosity (SpR) and their adjustment to their illness, we developed the SpREUK questionnaire. Methods In order to re-validate our previously described SpREUK instrument, reliability and factor analysis of the new inventory (Version 1.1) were performed according to the standard procedures. The test sample contained 257 German subjects (53.3 ± 13.4 years) with cancer (51%), multiple sclerosis (24%), other chronic diseases (16%) and patients with acute diseases (7%). Results As some items of the SpREUK construct require a positive attitude towards SpR, these items (item pool 2) were separated from the others (item pool 1). The reliability of the 15-item the construct derived from the item pool 1 respectively the 14-item construct which refers to the item pool 2 both had a good quality (Cronbach's alpha = 0.9065 resp. 0.9525). Factor analysis of item pool 1 resulted in a 3-factor solution (i.e. the 6-item sub-scale 1: "Search for meaningful support"; the 6-item sub-scale 2: "Positive interpretation of disease"; and the 3-item sub-scale 3: "Trust in external guidance") which explains 53.8% of variance. Factor analysis of item pool 2 pointed to a 2-factor solution (i.e. the 10-item sub-scale 4: "Support in relations with the External life through SpR" and the 4-item sub-scale 5: "Support of the Internality through SpR") which explains 58.8% of variance. Generally, women had significantly higher SpREUK scores than male patients. Univariate variance analyses revealed significant associations between the sub-scales and SpR attitude and the educational level. Conclusions The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK 1.1 questionnaire indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of distinct topics of SpR that may be especially useful of assessing the role of SpR in health related research. The instrument appears to be a good choice for assessing a patients interest in spiritual concerns which is not biased for or against a particular religious commitment. Moreover it addresses the topic of "positive reinterpretation of disease" which seems to be of outstanding importance for patients with life-changing diseases.

Büssing Arndt; Ostermann Thomas; Matthiessen Peter F

2005-01-01

32

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. Results The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. Conclusion The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou Mamas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Pavlakis Andreas; Maniadakis Nikos; Fragoulakis Vasilis; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

33

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. RESULTS: The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou M; Tsiantou V; Pavlakis A; Maniadakis N; Fragoulakis V; Pavi E; Kyriopoulos J

2009-01-01

34

Results of a second questionnaire on pediatric X-ray examinations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radiographic conditions (x-ray tube voltage, irradiation time, etc.) differ among medical facilities. A second questionnaires was sent out to determine the current state of pediatric radiography and eventually provide reference materials for the standardization of radiographic parameters used in pediatric x-ray examinations. The questionnaire, which was sent in 1996, targeted 161 facilities that belong to the Society for Pediatric Radiological Technology. The objects of examination were the chest, upper airway, abdomen, hip joint, skull, and knee joint. The questionnaire investigated age (children of six months, three years, and seven years), type of x-ray generator, radiographic conditions, etc. Moreover, this time the items head x-ray computed tomography (X-CT) and abdominal X-CT were added. Completed questionnaires were received from 79 facilities, for a recovery of 49.1%. Compared with the previous investigation, inverter-type high-voltage assemblies increased, whereas twelve-peak high-voltage assemblies decreased. The focal spot of the x-ray tube assembly was smaller, and maximum anode heat content had increased. CR systems and green luminescence-orthochromatic systems were increasingly being used as image receptors. Advances in x-ray generators and the image receptor systems created reductions in the time required for radiography, which was possible at as short a time as 1 msec. Moreover, image quality was also improved by these advances. However, no major changes were observed in the conditions of radiography. (author)

1999-01-01

35

Applicability of the assessment of chronic illness care (ACIC) instrument in Germany resulting in a new questionnaire: questionnaire of chronic illness care in primary care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is an evidence based, population based approach to improve care for people with chronic conditions. The Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) instrument is widely used to measure to what extent within a healthcare system the CCM is implemented. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the ACIC Instrument for the German healthcare system. Methods For translating the ACIC instrument, principles of Good Practice for the Translation and Cultural Adaptation Process by the ISPOR Task Force were followed. Focus groups were additionally conducted with general practitioners to adapt the items culturally. Results The ACIC instrument can not be used in the German healthcare system easily due to a multifaceted understanding of words, different levels of knowledge of the CCM and fundamental differences between health systems. Conclusions As following the CCM leads to benefits for patients with chronic illnesses, measuring to which extent it is implemented is of major interest. A new questionnaire using the CCM as its theoretical basis, sensitive to the healthcare systems of the host country has to be created. Knowledge transfer between countries by using an instrument from a different healthcare system can lead to a completely new questionnaire.

Steinhaeuser Jost; Goetz Katja; Ose Dominik; Glassen Katharina; Natanzon Iris; Campbell Stephen; Szecsenyi Joachim; Miksch Antje

2011-01-01

36

Results of the IAEA questionnaire on regulatory practices in member states with nuclear power programmes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Aiming to assist Member States to enhance their regulatory systems the IAEA has issued a questionaire on regulatory practices in Member States with a nuclear power programme. The questionaire, containing 120 detailed questions, covered all areas of regulatory practices such as the statutory basis, the organization of the regulatory body, licensing and regulatory review process, regulatory inspection, enforcement and the liaison with other related organizations. This paper presents a summary of the analysis performed on the answers to the questionnaire provided by 46 Member States, 30 of which are operating or plan to operate a nuclear power plant. The complete analysis will be published by the Agency as a TECDOC. A brief discussion on the reasons which led to the issuance of the questionnaire is presented. Plans for utilization of the information obtained in order to provide services to Member States are proposed. Further Agency activities in the field of regulatory practices are presented for discussion at this Symposium. (orig.)

1991-01-01

37

Results of the IAEA questionnaire on regulatory practices in member states with nuclear power programmes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aiming to assist Member States to enhance their regulatory systems the IAEA has issued a questionaire on regulatory practices in Member States with a nuclear power programme. The questionaire, containing 120 detailed questions, covered all areas of regulatory practices such as the statutory basis, the organization of the regulatory body, licensing and regulatory review process, regulatory inspection, enforcement and the liaison with other related organizations. This paper presents a summary of the analysis performed on the answers to the questionnaire provided by 46 Member States, 30 of which are operating or plan to operate a nuclear power plant. The complete analysis will be published by the Agency as a TECDOC. A brief discussion on the reasons which led to the issuance of the questionnaire is presented. Plans for utilization of the information obtained in order to provide services to Member States are proposed. Further Agency activities in the field of regulatory practices are presented for discussion at this Symposium. (orig.).

Yaremy, E.M.; Nagatani, Y.; Lim, J.; Giuliani, P.; Almeida, C. (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria))

1991-06-01

38

The results of 29 respondent otolaryngologists to questionnaires for strategy of early glottic cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We had questionnaires for 29 otolaryngologists at 8 hospitals in Tokai area. This investigational purpose was to ask otolaryngologists treatment strategy of early glottic cancer (GC). According to guidelines, the treatment choice for early GC is radiation therapy, transoral laser therapy, and partial laryngectomy. But, many doctors had a tendency to answer that they made a choice of chemoradiation because bulky T1 or T2 GC is not easy to control by radiation alone. (author)

2010-01-01

39

Prescription stimulant expectancies in recreational and medical users: results from a preliminary expectancy questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Given the rise of prescription stimulant misuse, examination of effect expectancies could prove helpful. The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) was designed to explore positive and negative prescription stimulant-related expectancies. In 2006, 157 participants nationwide completed an Internet survey of prescription stimulant use, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, and expectancies. Multiple regressions demonstrate that positive, but not negative expectancies, predicted frequency of use. Recreational and medical users were classified by hierarchical cluster analysis. Recreational users reported fewer positive and negative expectancies than medical users. Implications and limitations are discussed. Future research is warranted on prescription stimulant expectancies and the utility of the PSEQ.

Looby A; Earleywine M

2009-01-01

40

[Assessing Desire for Suicide: First Results on Psychometric Properties of the German Version of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objectives: The Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) assesses desire for suicide according to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Psychometric properties of the German version of the INQ are investigated.Methods: The INQ was applied in a sample of 281 undergraduate students to investigate dimensionality, reliability and validity.Results: The 2-factorial structure of the original version was confirmed for the German version of the INQ in this sample. The subscales "Perceived Burdensomeness" (? = 0.88) and "Thwarted Belongingness" (? = 0.83) show very good internal consistencies. Both subscales show medium range correlations with depressiveness. There are significantly higher levels of "Perceived Burdensomeness" and "Thwarted Belongingness" in participants with current suicidal ideation or prior suicidal or self-injuring behaviour.Conclusion: These findings show that the German version of the INQ has good psychometric properties. Further research is needed to replicate these findings in clinical samples, and to test the utility of the INQ in predicting and preventing suicidal behaviour in patients at risk.

Glaesmer H; Spangenberg L; Scherer A; Forkmann T

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
41

[Is prescription of physical activity a part of health care in civilization disorders? Results of questionnaire study in medical doctors  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity is an independent risk factor of civilization disorders. Intervention for increasing physical activity has been for generations mentioned in health care. Because of low adherence of the population to those general appeals it is necessary to improve radically the knowledge of health professionals about individual exercise prescription. The aim of this study was to analyze approach of medical doctors in this particular dilemma. METHODS AND RESULTS: A questionnaire was distributed at postgraduate courses for medical doctors. Data from doctors of different specializations were summarized (N=657, from which 458 were females, i.e. 69,7 %, mean age=38,8+/-9,74). 96,4 % of doctors stated that they recommend exercise to their patients though only up to 23,4 % of them are regularly asked by their patients about the exercise. Concrete (type, intensity, duration and frequency) or individually tailored recommendation give 66,2 %, or 62,6 % of doctors respectively. Most respondents (56,0 %) also recommend a consultation of another specialist (mostly rehabilitation doctor and physiotherapist). Majority of addressed professionals shows that current medical education structure does not enable adequate prescription of physical activity without the help of specialist. CONCLUSIONS: Study showed a positive attitude of medical doctors to exercise prescription. However, information about the need of individualized prescription and knowledge about possibilities of exercise therapy in particular regions should be increased.

Dad'ová K; Radvanský J; Pelísková P; Slabý K; Smítková H; Mácková J

2007-01-01

42

Astronomy Diagnostic Test Results Reflect Course Goals and Show Room for Improvement  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of administering the Astronomy Diagnostic Test (ADT) to introductory astronomy students at Henry Ford Community College over three years have shown gains comparable with national averages. Results have also accurately corresponded to course goals, showing greater gains in topics covered in more detail, and lower gains in topics covered…

LoPresto, Michael C.

2007-01-01

43

Annoyance, sleep disturbance, health aspects, perceived risk and residential satisfaction around Schiphol airport: Summary of results of a questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As part of the Evaluation and Monitoring Programme for Schiphol airport, a questionnaire on the prevalence of self-rated annoyance, sleep disturbance, perceived general health, respiratory complaints, satisfaction in the study area was sent to a randomly selected sample of 30,000 people living within 25 km of Schiphol airport. The purpose of this study was to assess these factors in relation to the exposure to aircraft noise and air pollution. Exposure to aircraft noise was based on model calculations. The airport`s proximity to the respondent`s home was used as a proxy for air pollution caused by aircraft. The survey response rate was 39%. The results of this study show that annoyance from aircraft noise is greater than expected, also when the effect of selective non-response is taken into account. There is a relation between aircraft noise and noise annoyance, sleep disturbance, perceived health, use of medication, risk perception and residential satisfaction in the study area. The proximity of the airport was directly related to annoyance due to odours and soot from aircraft, respiratory complaints, and the use of medication for asthma and/or allergy

NONE

1998-12-31

44

Role of motivation in artistic gymnastics by results of a questionnaire based international survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The hardest part of coaching work is the psychological preparation of athletes and gymnasts, where the aim is to achieve higher performance. Motivation – as the driving force of our actions – has an increased role in preparing the gymnasts, as during trainings they have to solve more complicated, more difficult tasks than in their everyday lives. A strong motivational driving force is essential to perform the high level gymnastic exercises and to practice them daily. In our inquiry we wanted to find out how much the questioned 152 foreign gymnastics coaches find motivation important and improvable. It was also a question if it is necessary to develop motivation in order to reach new aims or if the genetic level that was brought along is enough. Our results show that it is necessary to develop and reinforce motivation continuously to reach higher performances. Use of educational methods have important roles in doing so, which help to determine the long term and short term main goals and sub-aims – as a motivation.

ISTVÁN MUNKÁCSI; ZSUZSA KALMÁR; PÁL HAMAR; ZSOLT KATONA; HENRIETTE DANCS

2012-01-01

45

A self administered executive functions ecological questionnaire (the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult Version) shows impaired scores in a sample of patients with schizophrenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Subjective measurements of cognition have seldom been used in schizophrenia. This is mainly due to the assumption that such measurements lack sensitivity in a disorder characterized by poor insight. We investigated the capacity of BRIEF-A (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Adult Version: a self-administered, ecological questionnaire) to identify executive deficits in adults with schizophrenia. The global score and each domain-specific score was significantly lower in patients than in healthy controls. BRIEF-A could be a useful complement to objective measurements, providing a subjective assessment of everyday consequences of executive dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia.

Ewa Bulzacka; Jeanne Vilain; Franck Schürhoff; Alexandre Méary; Marion Leboyer; Andrei Szöke

2013-01-01

46

Instruments for radiation measurement in biosciences. Series 3. radioluminography. 1. Results of questionnaires to the scientists using radioluminographic techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radioluminography (RLG) is a method to detect radioactivity with its photostimulated luminescence phenomenon. This paper describes major results of questionnaires to the scientists using RLG technique which was performed by the technical subcommittee for research instruments for isotope tracer of Life Science Section, Japan Radioisotope Association. The main purpose was to find the advantage and problems of RLG recognized by users. Questionnaires were sent to 271 users and 101 answers were obtained from pharmaceutical companies, universities and other public research facilities. RLG was found mainly used in gel electrophoresis in the molecular biology field, thin layer chromatography and quantitative whole body autoradiography. RLG technology itself of the instrument, imaging plate and standard usage was found to be in progress as well. Problems were those on the fundamental handling (e.g., ROI definition), on instruments, on quantitativeness, on different nuclides, on value for formal data and on radiation control. The major instrument manufacturers were Fuji Film Co., BioRad Co. and Molecular Dynamics Co. Results of the questionnaire will be published in more detailed form in future. (K.H.)

1998-01-01

47

Instruments for radiation measurement in biosciences. Series 3. radioluminography. 1. Results of questionnaires to the scientists using radioluminographic techniques  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Radioluminography (RLG) is a method to detect radioactivity with its photostimulated luminescence phenomenon. This paper describes major results of questionnaires to the scientists using RLG technique which was performed by the technical subcommittee for research instruments for isotope tracer of Life Science Section, Japan Radioisotope Association. The main purpose was to find the advantage and problems of RLG recognized by users. Questionnaires were sent to 271 users and 101 answers were obtained from pharmaceutical companies, universities and other public research facilities. RLG was found mainly used in gel electrophoresis in the molecular biology field, thin layer chromatography and quantitative whole body autoradiography. RLG technology itself of the instrument, imaging plate and standard usage was found to be in progress as well. Problems were those on the fundamental handling (e.g., ROI definition), on instruments, on quantitativeness, on different nuclides, on value for formal data and on radiation control. The major instrument manufacturers were Fuji Film Co., BioRad Co. and Molecular Dynamics Co. Results of the questionnaire will be published in more detailed form in future. (K.H.)

Kurihara, Norio [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Radioisotope Research Center; Nakajima, Eiichi; Takahashi, Sentaro

1998-11-01

48

Primary care providers' knowledge, beliefs and treatment practices for gout: results of a physician questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective. We sought to examine primary care providers' gout knowledge and reported treatment patterns in comparison with current treatment recommendations. Methods. We conducted a national survey of a random sample of US primary care physicians to assess their treatment of acute, intercritical and tophaceous gout using published European and American gout treatment recommendations and guidelines as a gold standard. Results. There were 838 respondents (response rate of 41%), most of whom worked in private practice (63%) with >16 years experience (52%). Inappropriate dosing of medications in the setting of renal disease and lack of prophylaxis when initiating urate-lowering therapy (ULT) accounted for much of the lack of compliance with treatment recommendations. Specifically for acute podagra, 53% reported avoidance of anti-inflammatory drugs in the setting of renal insufficiency, use of colchicine at a dose of ?2.4 mg/day and no initiation of a ULT during an acute attack. For intercritical gout in the setting of renal disease, 3% would provide care consistent with the recommendations, including initiating a ULT at the appropriate dose with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and providing prophylaxis. For tophaceous gout, 17% reported care consistent with the recommendations, including ULT use with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and prophylaxis. Conclusion. Only half of primary care providers reported optimal treatment practices for the management of acute gout and <20% for intercritical or tophaceous gout, suggesting that care deficiencies are common.

Harrold LR; Mazor KM; Negron A; Ogarek J; Firneno C; Yood RA

2013-09-01

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Primary care providers' knowledge, beliefs and treatment practices for gout: results of a physician questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. We sought to examine primary care providers' gout knowledge and reported treatment patterns in comparison with current treatment recommendations. Methods. We conducted a national survey of a random sample of US primary care physicians to assess their treatment of acute, intercritical and tophaceous gout using published European and American gout treatment recommendations and guidelines as a gold standard. Results. There were 838 respondents (response rate of 41%), most of whom worked in private practice (63%) with >16 years experience (52%). Inappropriate dosing of medications in the setting of renal disease and lack of prophylaxis when initiating urate-lowering therapy (ULT) accounted for much of the lack of compliance with treatment recommendations. Specifically for acute podagra, 53% reported avoidance of anti-inflammatory drugs in the setting of renal insufficiency, use of colchicine at a dose of ?2.4 mg/day and no initiation of a ULT during an acute attack. For intercritical gout in the setting of renal disease, 3% would provide care consistent with the recommendations, including initiating a ULT at the appropriate dose with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and providing prophylaxis. For tophaceous gout, 17% reported care consistent with the recommendations, including ULT use with dosing titration to a serum urate level of ?6 mg/dl and prophylaxis. Conclusion. Only half of primary care providers reported optimal treatment practices for the management of acute gout and gout, suggesting that care deficiencies are common. PMID:23620554

Harrold, Leslie R; Mazor, Kathleen M; Negron, Amarie; Ogarek, Jessica; Firneno, Cassandra; Yood, Robert A

2013-04-25

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Patients’ satisfaction with mental health nursing interventions in the management of anxiety: Results of a questionnaire study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Patients’ satisfaction is a significant indicator of the quality of care provided in a health setting. The purpose ofthis study was to identify aspects of mental health nursing care that are most likely to influence satisfaction with patientswho are experiencing anxiety in two private mental health care setting.Method: Study design: A survey of a sample of patients in two private mental health hospitals in Sydney, Australia wherepatients were asked to evaluate their overall experience of this episode of care and to complete the Patients’ SatisfactionQuestionnaire on specific aspects of their care for anxiety. Two hundred (200) Questionnaires were left with theparticipants to be completed at discharge, and there were 189 (94%) questionnaires returned.Results: One hundred and eighty nine patients (189) completed the survey. Representing 94% of respondents theyindicated that they were satisfied with the mental health nurses intervention for their anxiety. There were no significantdifferences found between genders, age groups, marital status, number of admissions and duration of hospitalisations. Amultiple linear regression indicated that the major determinants of patient satisfaction were emotional support and respectfor patient preferences. The results of satisfaction scores demonstrated evidence of construct validity of total scale withtotal mean rating of all domain 3.70 (SD=0.67) and Reliability coefficients for the total scale were .93, however, meanrating for the 5 domains was 3.69 (SD = 0.66).Conclusions: The finding of this preliminary patients’ satisfaction study suggests that mental health nurses withappropriate education and supervision can provide an effective therapeutic approach to patients who are experiencinganxiety in these two private mental health settings.

S. Webster

2012-01-01

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Radiofrequency microtenotomy for the treatment of plantar fasciitis shows good early results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Microtenotomy coblation using a radiofrequency (RF) probe is a minimally invasive procedure for treating chronic tendinopathy. It has been described for conditions including tennis elbow and rotator cuff tendinitis. There have been no studies to show the effectiveness of such a procedure for plantar fasciitis. METHODS: 14 Patients with plantar fasciitis with failed conservative treatment underwent TOPAZ RF treatment for their symptoms between 2007 and 2008. The RF-based microdebridement was performed using the TOPAZ Microdebrider device (ArthroCare, Sunnyvale, CA). There were 6 men and 8 women with an average age of 44.0 years (23-57). There were 15 feet, with 6 right and 9 left feet. They were followed up for up to 6 months thereafter. Pre-operative, 3 and 6 months post-operative AOFAS ankle-hindfoot and SF-36 scores were analysed. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in mean pre-operative, post-operative 3- and 6-month AOFAS hindfoot scores from 34.47 to 69.27 and 71.33 (p=0.00) respectively. There was a significant decrease in SF-36 for bodily pain, and significant increases in physical and social function scores. 12 out of 14 (85.7%) patients reported good to excellent satisfaction results at 6 months, and 12 out of 14 (85.7%) patients have had their expectations met from the procedure at 6 months follow up. CONCLUSION: TOPAZ RF coblation is a good and effective method for the treatment of recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Early results are encouraging, and we will continue to assess the patients over a longer follow-up period.

Sean NY; Singh I; Wai CK

2010-12-01

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A core questionnaire for the assessment of patient satisfaction in academic hospitals in The Netherlands: development and first results in a nationwide study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is one of the relevant indicators of quality of care; however, measuring patient satisfaction had been criticised. A major criticism is that many instruments are not reliable and/or valid. The instruments should have enough discriminative power for benchmarking of the results. OBJECTIVE: To develop a "core questionnaire for the assessment of patient satisfaction in academic hospitals" (COPS) that is reliable and appropriate for benchmarking patient satisfaction results. RESEARCH DESIGN: The development of COPS, the testing of its psychometric quality and its use in eight Dutch academic hospitals in three national comparative studies in 2003, 2005 and 2007 are described in this study. Results were reported only if they were significant (p<0.05) and relevant (also Cohen d>0.2). RESULTS: The questionnaire was returned in 2003 by 40,678 patients (77,450 sent, 53%) and by 40,248 patients (75,423 sent, 53%) in 2005. In 2007, the questionnaire was returned by 45,834 patients (87,137, 53%). The six dimensions have good Cronbach ?'s, varying from 0.79 to 0.88.The results of every item were reported to the individual hospital. A benchmark overview showed the overall comparison of all specialties of the eight hospitals for the clinic and outpatient departments. The 2007 measurement showed relevant differences in satisfaction on two dimensions in the clinical setting. CONCLUSIONS: COPS is shown to be a feasible and reliable instrument to measure the satisfaction of patients in Dutch academic hospitals. It allows comparison of hospitals and gives benchmark information on a hospital as well as data on specialty levels and previous measurements, including best practices.

Kleefstra SM; Kool RB; Veldkamp CM; Winters-van der Meer AC; Mens MA; Blijham GH; de Haes JC

2010-10-01

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Work limitations among working persons with rheumatoid arthritis: results, reliability, and validity of the work limitations questionnaire in 836 patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To describe workplace limitations and the validity and reliability of the Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ) in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 836 employed persons with RA reported clinical and work related measures and completed the WLQ, a 25 item questionnaire that assesses the impact of chronic health conditions on job performance and productivity. Limitations are categorized into 4 domains: physical demands (PDS), mental demands (MDS), time management demands (TMS), and output demands (ODS), which are then used to calculate the WLQ index. RESULTS: Of the 836 completed WLQ, about 10% (85) could not be scored, as more than half the items in each domain were not applicable to the patient's job. Demographic and clinical variables were associated with missing WLQ scores including older age (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.3-2.1), male sex (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-3.0), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.0-2.0). Work limitations were present in all work domains: PDS (27.5%), MDS (15.7%), ODS (19.4%), and TMS (28.6%), resulting in a mean WLQ index of 5.9 (SD 5.6), which corresponds to a 4.9% decrease in productivity and a 5.1% increase in work hours to compensate for productivity loss. The WLQ index was inversely associated with Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) Mental Component Score (MCS; r = -0.60) and Physical Component Score (PCS; r = -0.49). Fatigue (0.5), pain (0.46), and HAQ (0.56) were also significantly associated with the WLQ index. Weaker associations were seen with days unable to perform (0.29), days activities cut down (0.38), and annual income (-0.10). CONCLUSION: The WLQ is a reliable tool for assessing work productivity. However, persons with RA tend to select jobs that they can do with their RA limitations, with the result that the WLQ does not detect functional limitations as well as the HAQ and SF-36. The WLQ provides special information that is not available using conventional measures of assessment, and can provide helpful knowledge about individual patient problems in the workplace. Whether this information will have greater predictive ability and clinical relevance compared with surrogate measures such as the HAQ and SF-36 has not been determined, but should be the subject of future studies.

Walker N; Michaud K; Wolfe F

2005-06-01

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Comparison of some results of program SHOW with other solar hot water computer programs  

Science.gov (United States)

Subroutines and the driver program for the simulation code SHOW (solar hot water) for solar thermosyphon systems are discussed, and simulations are compared with predictions by the F-CHART and TRNSYS codes. SHOW has the driver program MAIN, which defines the system control logic for choosing the appropriate system subroutine for analysis. Ten subroutines are described, which account for the solar system physical parameters, the weather data, the manufacturer-supplied system specifications, mass flow rates, pumped systems, total transformed radiation, load use profiles, stratification in storage, an electric water heater, and economic analyses. The three programs are employed to analyze a thermosiphon installation in Sacramento with two storage tanks. TRNSYS and SHOW were in agreement and lower than F-CHARt for annual predictions, although significantly more computer time was necessary to make TRNSYS converge.

Young, M. F.; Baughn, J. W.

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A randomised controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of offering study results as an incentive to increase response rates to postal questionnaires [ISRCTN26118436  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Postal questionnaires are widely used to collect outcome data on participants. However, a poor response to questionnaires will reduce the statistical power of the study and may introduce bias. A meta analysis of ten trials offering study results, largely in the f...

Cockayne Sarah; Torgerson David J

56

Management of women with epilepsy: Are guidelines being followed? Results from case-note reviews and a patient questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Several international guidelines for the management of women with epilepsy (WWE) have been developed since 1989. We aimed to determine whether guidelines for the management of WWE are followed and whether active implementation of such guidelines makes a difference to clinical practice. METHODS: The study covered a 2-year period of "passive dissemination" of guidelines followed by a 2-year period of "active implementation." Documentation reflecting adherence to the guidelines was abstracted retrospectively from electronic medical records on 215 WWE aged 16-42 years. Data abstracted from case notes included counselling on contraception and pregnancy-related issues; follow-up during pregnancy; advice on supplementation of folic acid, calcium, and vitamin D; and serum folate measurements. A questionnaire assessing the knowledge of WWE issues was completed by 112 (71%) of 157 patients. RESULTS: Documentation that WWE issues had been addressed was found in approximately one third of medical case records with no measurable effect of active implementation. Only the follow-up during pregnancy seemed to have improved. Serum folate measurements in 51 women treated with enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) revealed folate deficiency in 11 (22%). Respondents to the questionnaire recalled having received information from their neurologists on the interaction between AEDs and oral contraceptives (46%), need to plan pregnancy (63%), and folic acid requirement (56%). CONCLUSIONS: Judged by a review of documentation in case notes, active implementation of guidelines had no measurable effect on clinical practice. However, the follow-up during pregnancy seemed to have improved. Patients' knowledge of WWE issues compared favorably with published studies. Better strategies are needed to secure successful implementation of guidelines.

Kampman MT; Johansen SV; Stenvold H; Acharya G

2005-08-01

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Use of patients' mobile phones to store and share personal health information: results of a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the opinions of outpatients concerning a new communication method: the self-management of assessed personal problems in health information records (SAPPHIRE) using patients' mobile phones to store and share medical content (medical SAPPHIRE, or m-SAPPHIRE). METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Patients Outpatients who visited us from March 1 to May 30, 2012, were asked to complete a questionnaire survey regarding SAPPHIRE and m-SAPPHIRE. The m-SAPPHIRE data consisted of a problem list, height, weight, waist size and active medication list. Ten questions were asked regarding the usefulness of m-SAPPHIRE, the sharing of m-SAPPHIRE and the use of mobile phones to store m-SAPPHIRE data. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-three patients (male/female, 79/114; mean age, 57±21 years) were registered: 95.9% answered that m-SAPPHIRE would be useful, 98% agreed to manage their personal health records by themselves, and 95.8%, 93.8%, and 92.8% of the patients responded that they would allow m-SAPPHIRE information to be shared with family members, medical workers, and health care providers, respectively. Of the patients, 75.1% responded that they owned a mobile phone, and 43.5% answered that they could enter m-SAPPHIRE information into a mobile phone by themselves, while 27.5% responded that they could do so with someone's help. CONCLUSION: Patients believe that m-SAPPHIRE would be useful for retrieving their health records during emergency situations or for sharing with family members and medical and health care providers. SAPPHIRE using mobile phones could be an inexpensive and legal method for sharing medical data.

Tawara S; Yonemochi Y; Kosaka T; Kouzaki Y; Takita T; Tsuruta T

2013-01-01

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High incidence of sleep problems in children with developmental disorders: Results of a questionnaire survey in a Japanese elementary school.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective: The aim of the present school-based questionnaire was to analyze the sleep problems of children with developmental disorders, such as pervasive developmental disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methods: The sleep problems of 43 children with developmental disorders were compared with those of 372 healthy children (control group). All children attended one public elementary school in Kurume, Japan; thus, the study avoided the potential bias associated with hospital-based surveys (i.e. a high prevalence of sleep disturbance) and provided a more complete picture of the children's academic performance and family situation compared with a control group under identical conditions. Children's sleep problems were measured with the Japanese version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results: Children with developmental disorders had significantly higher total CSHQ scores, as well as mean scores on the parasomnias and sleep breathing subscales, than children in the control group. The total CSHQ score, bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and daytime sleepiness worsened with increasing age in children with developmental disorders; in contrast, these parameters were unchanged or became better with age in the control group. In children with developmental disorders, there was a significant association between a higher total CSHQ score and lower academic performance, but no such association was found in the control group. For both groups, children's sleep problems affected their parents' quality of sleep. There were no significant differences in physical, lifestyle, and sleep environmental factors, or in sleep/wake patterns, between the two groups. Conclusions: Children with developmental disorders have poor sleep quality, which may affect academic performance. It is important for physicians to be aware of age-related differences in sleep problems in children with developmental disorders. Further studies are needed to identify the association between sleep quality and school behavioral performance.

Matsuoka M; Nagamitsu S; Iwasaki M; Iemura A; Yamashita Y; Maeda M; Kitani S; Kakuma T; Uchimura N; Matsuishi T

2013-01-01

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Patient preferences in the choice of anti-TNF therapies in rheumatoid arthritis. Results from a questionnaire survey (RIVIERA study).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of anti-TNF-naive patients' preferences for the route of administration of anti-TNF agents. METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 Italian rheumatology centres (802 patients). All patients completed a 31-item questionnaire addressing their perceptions of current treatment and the preferences for treatment with anti-TNF agents. Statistical methods included analysis of variance (ANOVA), t-test and chi-square test. RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 97.6%. At the time of the survey, 310 (39.9%) patients were dissatisfied with current treatments, owing to inefficacy, side effects and inconvenience of administration. The i.v. and s.c. routes of administration were preferred by 50.2 and 49.8%, respectively. No significant difference was found in patients by gender, age, RA duration or number of drugs used. Reasons for the choice of i.v. administration were the safety of treatment at the hospital and the reassuring effect of physician presence. The s.c. administration was chosen for the convenience of treatment and in particular for home treatment. Patients dissatisfied with current therapy due to side effects preferred s.c. administration (P = 0.029), whereas patients choosing the i.v. route had slightly higher scores on 'today pain' (P = 0.047) and 'articular pain' (P = 0.023) of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index (RADAI). CONCLUSIONS: Both i.v. and s.c. treatments were well accepted by patients. However, treatment choice has to be discussed with patients, as individual preference seems to be determined by personal attitudes towards safety and convenience, by past experience and by the perception of current disease status.

Scarpato S; Antivalle M; Favalli EG; Nacci F; Frigelli S; Bartoli F; Bazzichi L; Minisola G; Matucci Cerinic M

2010-02-01

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Pilot evaluation of a media literacy program for tobacco prevention targeting early adolescents shows mixed results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the impact of media literacy for tobacco prevention for youth delivered through a community site. DESIGN: A randomized pretest-posttest evaluation design with matched-contact treatment and control conditions. SETTING: The pilot study was delivered through the YMCA in a lower-income suburban and rural area of Southwest Virginia, a region long tied, both economically and culturally, to the tobacco industry. SUBJECTS: Children ages 8 to 14 (76% white, 58% female) participated in the study (n = 38). INTERVENTION: The intervention was an antismoking media literacy program (five 1-hour lessons) compared with a matched-contact creative writing control program. MEASURES: General media literacy, three domains of tobacco-specific media literacy ("authors and audiences," "messages and meanings," and "representation and reality"), tobacco attitudes, and future expectations were assessed. ANALYSIS: Multiple regression modeling assessed the impact of the intervention, controlling for pretest measures, age, and sex. RESULTS: General media literacy and tobacco-specific "authors and audiences" media literacy improved significantly for treatment compared with control (p < .05); results for other tobacco-specific media literacy measures and for tobacco attitudes were not significant. Future expectations of smoking increased significantly for treatment participants ages 10 and younger (p < .05). CONCLUSION: Mixed results indicated that improvements in media literacy are accompanied by an increase in future expectations to smoke for younger children.

Kaestle CE; Chen Y; Estabrooks PA; Zoellner J; Bigby B

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
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Lung cancer trial results show mortality benefit with low-dose CT:  

Science.gov (United States)

The NCI has released initial results from a large-scale test of screening methods to reduce deaths from lung cancer by detecting cancers at relatively early stages. The National Lung Screening Trial, a randomized national trial involving more than 53,000 current and former heavy smokers ages 55 to 74, compared the effects of two screening procedures for lung cancer -- low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) and standard chest X-ray -- on lung cancer mortality and found 20 percent fewer lung cancer deaths among trial participants screened with low-dose helical CT.

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Use of the Italian version of the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire in the daily practice: results of a prospective study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients. Among the numerous questionnaires aiming at evaluating asthma HRQL in children, the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) has proved to have good measurement properties. The present study was aimed at investigating the possible role of the Italian, self-administered version of the PAQLQ in the routine clinical evaluation of children affected by bronchial asthma. Methods 52 Italian children and adolescents (40 males and 12 females), aged 6 to 17 years, affected by allergic asthma, were enrolled. Each patient was evaluated twice, and at each visit asthma control and severity were assessed, spirometry was performed and the patients completed the self-administered version of the PAQLQ. Results The questionnaire was well-accepted and understood by the children. Children showed an overall good quality of life, with mild impairment in the activity and emotional function domains. The PAQLQ showed an overall good correlation with the clinical and functional indexes that are normally evaluated in follow-up visits of asthmatic patients. The PAQLQ appeared to be strongly related to asthma control, both at the first (p 1. Finally, the PAQLQ does not appear to discriminate HRQL in patients with good lung function. Conclusion The Italian version of the PAQLQ is a quick-to-administer aid to clinical activity and can add valuable information to symptom reports, objective measurements and clinical assessment of asthma control and severity in daily clinical practice. Re-administration at each follow-up visit allows HRQL to be monitored over time.

Ricci Giampaolo; Dondi Arianna; Baldi Elena; Bendandi Barbara; Giannetti Arianna; Masi Massimo

2009-01-01

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FES Training in Aging: interim results show statistically significant improvements in mobility and muscle fiber size  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aging is a multifactorial process that is characterized by decline in muscle mass and performance. Several factors, including reduced exercise, poor nutrition and modified hormonal metabolism, are responsible for changes in the rates of protein synthesis and degradation that drive skeletal muscle mass reduction with a consequent decline of force generation and mobility functional performances. Seniors with normal life style were enrolled: two groups in Vienna (n=32) and two groups in Bratislava: (n=19). All subjects were healthy and declared not to have any specific physical/disease problems. The two Vienna groups of seniors exercised for 10 weeks with two different types of training (leg press at the hospital or home-based functional electrical stimulation, h-b FES). Demografic data (age, height and weight) were recorded before and after the training period and before and after the training period the patients were submitted to mobility functional analyses and muscle biopsies. The mobility functional analyses were: 1. gait speed (10m test fastest speed, in m/s); 2. time which the subject needed to rise from a chair for five times (5x Chair-Rise, in s); 3. Timed –Up-Go- Test, in s; 4. Stair-Test, in s; 5. isometric measurement of quadriceps force (Torque/kg, in Nm/kg); and 6. Dynamic Balance in mm. Preliminary analyses of muscle biopsies from quadriceps in some of the Vienna and Bratislava patients present morphometric results consistent with their functional behaviors. The statistically significant improvements in functional testings here reported demonstrates the effectiveness of h-b FES, and strongly support h-b FES, as a safe home-based method to improve contractility and performances of ageing muscles.

Helmut Kern; Stefan Loefler; Christian Hofer; Michael Vogelauer; Samantha Burggraf; Martina Grim-Stieger; Jan Cvecka; Dusan Hamar; Nejc Sarabon; Feliciano Protasi; Antonio Musarò; Marco Sandri; Katia Rossini; Ugo Carraro; Sandra Zampieri

2012-01-01

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[Development and validation of a quality of life questionnaire for patients with chronic respiratory disease (CV-PERC): preliminary results].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The instruments used to assess quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory difficulties have approached this construct in a limited and partial way. Due to this fact, the present paper aimed at describing the development and validation of the CV-PERC scale contemplating the dimensions of physical, psycho-emotional and social, cognitive, working, sexual functionalities and health perception and wellbeing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: It was built stemming from the Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire and the SF-36, generating new items after a theoretical revision and interviews to patients. The selected items were submitted to expert's judgments (Neumonologists and Health Psychologists) to assess validity, wording and appropriateness of language. The initial 60-item instrument was applied to a sample of 101 patients for item selection and analysis. Lastly, the final 50-item scale was administered to a sample of 255 patients from four hospitals in Caracas, Venezuela, to collect data for reliability and validity analyses. RESULTS: A 7-dimension factorial structure was found which explained 62.47% of the total variance (physical functionality, sexual functionality, working functionality, health perception and wellbeing, psycho-emotional functionality, cognitive functionality and social functionality). Internal consistency of each dimension and of the total scale was over 0.67. Convergent validity and discriminant coefficients were above 0.64. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence that the CV-PERC scale is a valid and reliable measure to assess quality of life in asthma and EPOC patients.

Zaragoza J; Lugli-Rivero Z

2009-02-01

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Knowledge, attitudes and decision-making in Czech women with atypical results of prenatal screening tests for the most common chromosomal and morphological congenital defects in the fetus: Selected questionnaire results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: The primary aim was to investigate variables affecting compliance in pregnant women recommended for genetic consultation for abnormal screening test results, family predisposition or medical history. Our main focus was on a women's knowledge of particular screening tests, their initial feelings and changes in these feeling with time, as well as variables relevant to further decision making. METHODS: We used an anonymous questionnaire based on previous qualitative research. The questions were formulated by a medical geneticist, and the questionnaires were distributed prior to prenatal screening tests performed by doctors or trained nurses. The research cohort consisted of 271 women aged 16-42 years. Six hypotheses were tested using the statistical programme STATISTICA; significance levels were set to P<0.05. RESULTS: The questionnaire results showed insufficient knowledge. The women were confused about invasive, screening and ultrasound tests. Genetic test recommendation was largely associated with stress in these patients. Between recommendation and consultation, the women mostly looked for support from their partners. There was a surprisingly low percentage of women who looked for help from their medical specialists and a surprisingly high percentage of those who did not seek any help at all. CONCLUSION: Women's distress can be reduced if the information about recommended genetic consultation is conveyed correctly and this can also help them make the right informed decision about their future course of action.

Skutilova V

2013-06-01

66

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence.

Lotzin A; Kriston L; Richter-Appelt H; Leichsenring I; Ramsauer B; Schäfer I

2013-07-01

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The results of questionnaire on quantitative assessment of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This study was done by working group under the cooperation between Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine and Japanese Circulation Society. We evaluated the usefulness of quantitative assessment of 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure by the results of questionnaire. Forty-nine (72.1%) of 68 selected institutions participated in this study. The incidence of MIBG myocardial scintigraphy used in heart failure was 41.1%. The imaging protocol was mostly done by both planar and SPECT at 15 min and 3.6 hr after intravenous injection of 111 MBq of MIBG. The quantitative assessment was mostly done by heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rate analysis based on planar imaging. The mean normal value of H/M ratio were 2.34±0.36, and 2.49±0.40, at early and delayed images, respectively. The normal value of washout rate was 27.74±5.34%. On the other hand, those of H/M ratio in heart failure were 1.87±0.27, and 1.75±0.24, at early and delayed images, respectively. That of washout rate was 42.30±6.75%. These parameters were very useful for the evaluation of heart failure. In conclusion, MIBG myocardial scintigraphy was widely used for not only early detection and severity assessment, but also indication for therapy and prognosis evaluation in heart failure patients. (author)

1997-01-01

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The results of questionnaire on quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was done by working group under the cooperation between Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine and Japanese Circulation Society. We evaluated the usefulness of quantitative assessment of {sup 123}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy in heart failure by the results of questionnaire. Forty-nine (72.1%) of 68 selected institutions participated in this study. The incidence of MIBG myocardial scintigraphy used in heart failure was 41.1%. The imaging protocol was mostly done by both planar and SPECT at 15 min and 3.6 hr after intravenous injection of 111 MBq of MIBG. The quantitative assessment was mostly done by heart/mediastinum (H/M) ratio and washout rate analysis based on planar imaging. The mean normal value of H/M ratio were 2.34{+-}0.36, and 2.49{+-}0.40, at early and delayed images, respectively. The normal value of washout rate was 27.74{+-}5.34%. On the other hand, those of H/M ratio in heart failure were 1.87{+-}0.27, and 1.75{+-}0.24, at early and delayed images, respectively. That of washout rate was 42.30{+-}6.75%. These parameters were very useful for the evaluation of heart failure. In conclusion, MIBG myocardial scintigraphy was widely used for not only early detection and severity assessment, but also indication for therapy and prognosis evaluation in heart failure patients. (author)

Nishimura, Tsunehiko [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Medical school; Sugishita, Yasurou; Sasaki, Yasuhito

1997-12-01

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Further validation of the peripheral artery questionnaire: results from a peripheral vascular surgery survey in the Netherlands.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with adverse cardiovascular events and can significantly impair patients' health status. Recently, marked methodological improvements in the measurement of PAD patients' health status have been made. The Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ) was specifically developed for this purpose. We validated a Dutch version of the PAQ in a large sample of PAD patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The Dutch PAQ was completed by 465 PAD patients (70% men, mean age 65+/-10 years) participating in the Euro Heart Survey Programme. Principal components analysis and reliability analyses were performed. Convergent validity was documented by comparing the PAQ with EQ-5D scales. RESULTS: Three factors were discerned; Physical Function, Perceived Disability, and Treatment Satisfaction (factor loadings between 0.50 and 0.90). Cronbach's alpha values were excellent (mean alpha=0.94). Shared variance of the PAQ domains with EQ-5D scales ranged from 3 to 50%. CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch PAQ proved to have good measurement qualities; assessment of Physical Function, Perceived Disability, and Treatment Satisfaction facilitates the monitoring of patients' perceived health in clinical research and practice. Measuring disease-specific health status in a reliable way becomes essential in times were a wide array of treatment options are available for PAD patients.

Smolderen KG; Hoeks SE; Aquarius AE; Scholte op Reimer WJ; Spertus JA; van Urk H; Denollet J; Poldermans D

2008-11-01

70

Survey of breast cancer screening by mammography. Results of a questionnaire sent to local self-governing bodies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In order to grasp the current status of breast cancer screening in Japan, a questionnaire was distributed to all local self-governing bodies (LSGB). The results indicated that breast cancer screening with mammography was performed by 97.9% of LSGB. Breast cancer screening was started for women aged less than 40 years at 11.9% of the LSGB, and from 40 years of age at 86.8%. Breast cancer screening for women aged 30-39 years was performed at 51.2% of the LSGB. The proportions of studies involving palpation, mammography, and ultrasonography (US) were 34.0%, 24.5%, and 41.6%, respectively. The coverage of screening invitations between April 2006 and March 2007 was grasped at 94.7% of LSGB. At 23.2%, the coverage was less than 10%, and at 33.8% was 10-19.9%. At 7.1%, the coverage was 50% or more. The national average for coverage was 10%, and was especially low in large cities. The recall rate for LSBG between April 2006 and March 2007 was 85.2%. At 22.4% of the LSBG, recall rates were less than 5%, and at 15.6% the recall rates were 50% or more. Screening mammography for women aged 30-39 years needs to be examined in the future. When recall rates exceed 20%, it is necessary to re-examine the accuracy management of breast cancer screening. (author)

2009-01-01

71

Practices of skin care among nurses in medical and surgical intensive care units: results of a self-administered questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dermatitis of hands is a problem among nurses. The aim of this prospective questionnaire based survey was to analyze practice and knowledge of skin care of medical and surgical nurses. 250 questionnaires were distributed. 49% of respondent stated that they perform skin care at least 1–2 times/day. After hand-wash 15% of participants perform skin protection, after hand-disinfection only 2%. 40% give skin care products less than 3 minutes to be applied. It was shown that this knowledge is lacking in many individuals, leading to wrong behavior at work and insufficient use of skin protection and skin care products.

Große-Schütte, Katja; Assadian, Ojan; Hübner, Nils-Olaf; Löffler, Harald; Kramer, Axel

2011-01-01

72

The factor structure of the twelve item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12): the result of negative phrasing?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is used routinely as a unidimensional measure of psychological morbidity. Many factor-analytic studies have reported that the GHQ-12 has two or three dimensions, threatening its validity. It is possible that these 'dimensions' are the result of the wording of the GHQ-12, namely its division into positively phrased (PP) and negatively phrased (NP) statements about mood states. Such 'method effects' introduce response bias which should be taken into account when deriving and interpreting factors. Methods GHQ-12 data were obtained from the 2004 cohort of the Health Survey for England (N = 3705). Following exploratory factor analysis (EFA), the goodness of fit indices of one, two and three factor models were compared with those of a unidimensional model specifying response bias on the NP items, using structural equation modelling (SEM). The hypotheses were (1) the variance of the responses would be significantly higher for NP items than for PP items because of response bias, and (2) that the modelling of response bias would provide the best fit for the data. Results Consistent with previous reports, EFA suggested a two-factor solution dividing the items into NP and PP items. The variance of responses to the NP items was substantially and significantly higher than for the PP items. The model incorporating response bias was the best fit for the data on all indices (RMSEA = 0.068, 90%CL = 0.064, 0.073). Analysis of the frequency of responses suggests that the response bias derives from the ambiguity of the response options for the absence of negative mood states. Conclusion The data are consistent with the GHQ-12 being a unidimensional scale with a substantial degree of response bias for the negatively phrased items. Studies that report the GHQ-12 as multidimensional without taking this response bias into account risk interpreting the artefactual factor structure as denoting 'real' constructs, committing the methodological error of reification. Although the GHQ-12 seems unidimensional as intended, the presence of such a large response bias should be taken into account in the analysis of GHQ-12 data.

Hankins Matthew

2008-01-01

73

Toilet Training in Healthy Children: Results of a Questionnaire Study Involving Parents Who Make Use of Day-Care at Least Once a Week.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: To investigate how toilet training (TT) is dealt with and what the associated feelings are in Flemish families using day-care at least once a week. METHODS: A questionnaire was provided to 256 parents of healthy children between 15 and 35 months old, using day-care every week. Data were analyzed using SPSS18.0. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-two questionnaires were completed (response rate: 87%), of which 221 were valid. The overall results show that the start of TT and method used are mainly in line with current recommendations, and that the cooperation between parents and day-care is seen as positive, providing support for the parents in guiding their child in the TT-process. Most parents (74%) stated that day-care and parents should play an equal role in the TT-process. However, 17% of the parents experienced uncertainty, stress, and/or frustration related to TT. This percentage increased to 30% when asked about the right moment to start TT. Moreover, 18% of the parents reported a lack of time to guide their child in the TT-process. Eighteen percent of the parents agreed that responsibility for TT is increasingly passed on to day-care, while 46% remained undecided. In addition, 40% of the parents had no idea whether they used the same TT method as the day-care center. CONCLUSIONS: The results, in general, reflect a positive image of how TT is dealt with. However, several concerns were raised about the shared TT between parents and day-care, implying that further research on this topic is needed. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Kaerts N; Vermandel A; Van Hal G; Wyndaele JJ

2013-03-01

74

Toilet Training in Healthy Children: Results of a Questionnaire Study Involving Parents Who Make Use of Day-Care at Least Once a Week.  

Science.gov (United States)

AIMS: To investigate how toilet training (TT) is dealt with and what the associated feelings are in Flemish families using day-care at least once a week. METHODS: A questionnaire was provided to 256 parents of healthy children between 15 and 35 months old, using day-care every week. Data were analyzed using SPSS18.0. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-two questionnaires were completed (response rate: 87%), of which 221 were valid. The overall results show that the start of TT and method used are mainly in line with current recommendations, and that the cooperation between parents and day-care is seen as positive, providing support for the parents in guiding their child in the TT-process. Most parents (74%) stated that day-care and parents should play an equal role in the TT-process. However, 17% of the parents experienced uncertainty, stress, and/or frustration related to TT. This percentage increased to 30% when asked about the right moment to start TT. Moreover, 18% of the parents reported a lack of time to guide their child in the TT-process. Eighteen percent of the parents agreed that responsibility for TT is increasingly passed on to day-care, while 46% remained undecided. In addition, 40% of the parents had no idea whether they used the same TT method as the day-care center. CONCLUSIONS: The results, in general, reflect a positive image of how TT is dealt with. However, several concerns were raised about the shared TT between parents and day-care, implying that further research on this topic is needed. Neurourol. Urodynam. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:23495098

Kaerts, Nore; Vermandel, Alexandra; Van Hal, Guido; Wyndaele, Jean-Jacques

2013-03-12

75

Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. Objective: Check the sensitivity and specificities of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect different degrees of hearing impairments in the studied people. Method: Retrospective study with 51 individuals aged between 18 and 88, who filled out the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S questionnaires at the waiting room of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)'s otorhinolaryngology infirmary. Results: The instruments showed a low sensitivity (47%), not identifying individuals with a hearing loss; however, they showed a high specificity (75%), accurately identifying individuals with no hearing disorder. Moreover, no significant association between the degree of hearing loss and the constraint degree for participation was found. Conclusion: the aforementioned questionnaires revealed a low sensitivity and a high specificity, proving to be ineffective for auditory screenings in a group with previous hearing complaints in addition to being unable to detect different types and degrees of hearing impairment.

Menegotto, Isabela Hoffmeister; Soldera, Cristina Loureiro Chaves; Anderle, Paula; Anhaia, Tanise Cristaldo

2011-01-01

76

Feasibility, understandability, and usefulness of the STEP self-rating questionnaire: results of a cross-sectional study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The study was designed to evaluate the acceptance of the self-rated version of the Standardized Assessment of Elderly People in primary care in Europe (STEP) by patients and general practitioners, as well as the feasibility, comprehensibility, and usefulness in gaining new information. In all, 1007 of 1540 patients aged 65 and above, from 28 different Saxon general practices took part. We recognized that 96% of the patients were able to fill in the questionnaire by themselves. It took them an average of approximately 20 minutes to do so. Further analysis of 257 randomly selected patients identified 281 previously unknown problems (1.1 per patient). In the practitioners' opinion, 16% of these problems, particularly physiological and mental ones, could lead to immediate consequences. Remarkably, newly identified psychosocial problems were not followed by any consequences. Fourteen of the 75 questionnaire items were not answered by more than 9% of the participants. Eight of the 14 frequently unanswered items were marked as difficult to understand by the patients. Altogether the self-rating version of the STEP was found to be feasible and useful. It was well accepted among patients; however, some questions need further review to improve their comprehensibility. Furthermore, it should be investigated why some identified problems do not have consequences and whether there is a need to record these issues at all.

Frese T; Hein S; Sandholzer H

2013-01-01

77

Feasibility, understandability, and usefulness of the STEP self-rating questionnaire: results of a cross-sectional study  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was designed to evaluate the acceptance of the self-rated version of the Standardized Assessment of Elderly People in primary care in Europe (STEP) by patients and general practitioners, as well as the feasibility, comprehensibility, and usefulness in gaining new information. In all, 1007 of 1540 patients aged 65 and above, from 28 different Saxon general practices took part. We recognized that 96% of the patients were able to fill in the questionnaire by themselves. It took them an average of approximately 20 minutes to do so. Further analysis of 257 randomly selected patients identified 281 previously unknown problems (1.1 per patient). In the practitioners’ opinion, 16% of these problems, particularly physiological and mental ones, could lead to immediate consequences. Remarkably, newly identified psychosocial problems were not followed by any consequences. Fourteen of the 75 questionnaire items were not answered by more than 9% of the participants. Eight of the 14 frequently unanswered items were marked as difficult to understand by the patients. Altogether the self-rating version of the STEP was found to be feasible and useful. It was well accepted among patients; however, some questions need further review to improve their comprehensibility. Furthermore, it should be investigated why some identified problems do not have consequences and whether there is a need to record these issues at all.

Frese, Thomas; Hein, Susanne; Sandholzer, Hagen

2013-01-01

78

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

79

Feasibility, understandability, and usefulness of the STEP self-rating questionnaire: results of a cross-sectional study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thomas Frese, Susanne Hein, Hagen SandholzerDepartment of Primary Care of the Leipzig Medical School, Leipzig, GermanyAbstract: The study was designed to evaluate the acceptance of the self-rated version of the Standardized Assessment of Elderly People in primary care in Europe (STEP) by patients and general practitioners, as well as the feasibility, comprehensibility, and usefulness in gaining new information. In all, 1007 of 1540 patients aged 65 and above, from 28 different Saxon general practices took part. We recognized that 96% of the patients were able to fill in the questionnaire by themselves. It took them an average of approximately 20 minutes to do so. Further analysis of 257 randomly selected patients identified 281 previously unknown problems (1.1 per patient). In the practitioners’ opinion, 16% of these problems, particularly physiological and mental ones, could lead to immediate consequences. Remarkably, newly identified psychosocial problems were not followed by any consequences. Fourteen of the 75 questionnaire items were not answered by more than 9% of the participants. Eight of the 14 frequently unanswered items were marked as difficult to understand by the patients. Altogether the self-rating version of the STEP was found to be feasible and useful. It was well accepted among patients; however, some questions need further review to improve their comprehensibility. Furthermore, it should be investigated why some identified problems do not have consequences and whether there is a need to record these issues at all.Keywords: general practice, primary care, geriatric assessment, health-related problems

Frese T; Hein S; Sandholzer H

2013-01-01

80

News Note: Long-term Results from Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene Shows Lower Toxicities of Raloxifene  

Science.gov (United States)

Initial results in 2006 of the NCI-sponsored Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) showed that a common osteoporosis drug, raloxifene, prevented breast cancer to the same degree, but with fewer serious side-effects, than the drug tamoxifen that had been in use many years for breast cancer prevention as well as treatment. The longer-term results show that raloxifene retained 76 percent of the effectiveness of tamoxifen in preventing invasive disease and grew closer to tamoxifen in preventing noninvasive disease, while remaining far less toxic – in particular, there was significantly less endometrial cancer with raloxifene use.

 
 
 
 
81

Imaging the colon with contrast media - the results of a questionnaire done by 190 clinics in the FRG and West Berlin  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of the questionnaire was primarily to find out which examination techniques are being applied; a quality comparison was not possible within the given frame. Therefore, assessing the quality was up to the individual surgeons. Especially the quality of the preparation to the double-contrast examination was assessed critically. The figures given show that the basic precondition of an optimal X-ray diagnosis is often not fulfilled. Therefore, the radiological institute refusing ''stool photograms'' should be responsible for cleansing the colon and the cleansing enema. The best radiological results are obtained in hospitals where the radiological department is autonomous enough and can carry out the preparations on its own. In the author's opinion, the quality of preparation can be improved only by administering cleansing enemas consequently in addition to diet measures, salty laxatives, and/or contact laxatives. The value of this measure was proven many times. Facing the unsatisfactory preparation quality, the problem of the optimal picture documentation seems to be of secondary importance. If documentation only under radioscopic control is sufficient (56% of the clinics) or if a significantly better diagnosis can be achieved by taking X-rays with horizontal rays with a Bucky-wall triped must be checked in a prospective investigation.

Winter, J.; Friedrich, M.; Souchon, R.

1984-02-01

82

Instruments & Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Included here are instruments and questionnaires developed by Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch staff for use in our research efforts. These tools are also used by many other researchers in government and academia. Documentation, software, and other supporting material, when available, are also provided.

83

Diagnostic accuracy and cost-effectiveness of FDG-PET in recurrent colorectal carcinoma. An analysis based on the results of questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was done by the PET working group under Japan Radioisotope Association. The usefulness of [{sup 18}F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET in detecting local recurrence of colorectal carcinoma was investigated retrospectively, by the results of questionnaire. Six institutions participated in this study. One hundred and four cases were analyzed to calculate the diagnostic accuracy. The accuracy of FDG-PET in detecting local recurrence of colorectal carcinoma was 96.2%, with two false positive and two false negative cases. We also evaluated the cost-effectiveness of FDG-PET in staging recurrent colorectal carcinoma based on the results of questionnaire. FDG-PET reduced unnecessary radical surgery by 50% in comparison with that in the conventional protocol without PET, and the net savings were about 6.6 billion yen per year in Japan. (author)

Ito, Kengo; Kato, Takashi; Inagaki, Hiroshi [National Inst. for Longevity Sciences, Obu, Aichi (Japan)] [and others

2000-02-01

84

Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario CAGE para consumo abusivo de alcohol: resultados de tres análisis Psychometric Properties of the CAGE Questionnaire for Alcohol Abuse: Results of Three Analyses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: El cuestionario CAGE es el instrumento más usado para identificar el consumo abusivo de alcohol; pero no se conocen muchas de sus propiedades psicométricas en los adultos colombianos. Objetivo: Determinar la consistencia interna del cuestionario CAGE en fumadores y no fumadores adultos que informaron consumo de alcohol durante el último mes y conocer el comportamiento psicométrico frente a una entrevista clínica estructurada en un grupo de adultos fumadores de la población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnóstica en tres grupos de la población general. Se determinó la consistencia interna mediante la fórmula 20 de Kuder-Richardson y las propiedades frente a una entrevista clínica en un subgrupo de fumadores (sensibilidad, especifcidad, valores predictivos, razones de probabilidad, kappa de Cohen y área bajo la curva ROC). Resultados: La consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,753 y 0,834. En fumadores, para el punto de corte de 2, la sensibilidad fue 66,7% (IC95%: 38,8-87,0); la especifcidad, 86,0% (IC95%: 73,7-93,3); el valor predictivo positivo, 55,6% (IC95%: 31,3-77,6); el valor predictivo negativo, 90,7% (IC95%: 78,9-96,5); la razón de probabilidad positiva, 4,8; la razón de probabilidad negativa, 0,39; la kappa media de Cohen, 0,490 (IC95%: 0,253-0,727), y el área bajo la curva ROC, 0,805 (IC95%: 0,680-0,929). Conclusiones: El cuestionario CAGE muestra aceptable consistencia interna y modestas propiedades cuando se compara con una entrevista clínica en personas fumadoras.Introduction: The CAGE questionnaire is the scale most commonly used to identify abusive use of alcohol; however, many of its psychometric properties in the Colombian adult population are unknown. Objective: To determine the in-ternal consistency of the CAGE questionnaire among adult smokers and non-smokers who reported alcohol drinking within the last month, as well as its psychometric properties when compared with a structured clinical interview in a group of smokers from the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A validation study was designed for three groups within the general population. Internal consistency was calculated with Kuder-Richardson coeffcient, and the psychometric properties (sensitivity, specifcity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, Cohen’s kappa and area under receiver operating characteristic curve) were computed when CAGE was compared with a structured clinical interview among a sub-group of smokers. Results: The internal consistency was between 0.753 and 0.834. Among smokers, for the best cutoff point (2/4), the sensitivity was 66.7% (95%CI: 38.8-87.0); specifcity, 86.0% (95%CI: 73.7-93.3); positive predictive value, 55.6% (95%CI: 31.3-77.6); negative predictive value, 90.7% (95%CI: 78.9-96.5); positive likelihood ratio, 4.8; negative likelihood ratio, 0.39; Cohen’s kappa, 0.490 (95%CI: 0.253-0.727); and area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.805 (95%CI: 0.680-0.929). Conclusions: The CAGE questionnaire presents acceptable internal consistency, although among smokers it shows modest properties when compared with a clinical interview.

Adalberto Campo-Arias; Jaider Alfonso Barros-Bermúdez; Germán Eduardo Rueda-Jaimes

2009-01-01

85

Propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario CAGE para consumo abusivo de alcohol: resultados de tres análisis/ Psychometric Properties of the CAGE Questionnaire for Alcohol Abuse: Results of Three Analyses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: El cuestionario CAGE es el instrumento más usado para identificar el consumo abusivo de alcohol; pero no se conocen muchas de sus propiedades psicométricas en los adultos colombianos. Objetivo: Determinar la consistencia interna del cuestionario CAGE en fumadores y no fumadores adultos que informaron consumo de alcohol durante el último mes y conocer el comportamiento psicométrico frente a una entrevista clínica estructurada en un grupo de adultos fuma (more) dores de la población general de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnóstica en tres grupos de la población general. Se determinó la consistencia interna mediante la fórmula 20 de Kuder-Richardson y las propiedades frente a una entrevista clínica en un subgrupo de fumadores (sensibilidad, especifcidad, valores predictivos, razones de probabilidad, kappa de Cohen y área bajo la curva ROC). Resultados: La consistencia interna estuvo entre 0,753 y 0,834. En fumadores, para el punto de corte de 2, la sensibilidad fue 66,7% (IC95%: 38,8-87,0); la especifcidad, 86,0% (IC95%: 73,7-93,3); el valor predictivo positivo, 55,6% (IC95%: 31,3-77,6); el valor predictivo negativo, 90,7% (IC95%: 78,9-96,5); la razón de probabilidad positiva, 4,8; la razón de probabilidad negativa, 0,39; la kappa media de Cohen, 0,490 (IC95%: 0,253-0,727), y el área bajo la curva ROC, 0,805 (IC95%: 0,680-0,929). Conclusiones: El cuestionario CAGE muestra aceptable consistencia interna y modestas propiedades cuando se compara con una entrevista clínica en personas fumadoras. Abstract in english Introduction: The CAGE questionnaire is the scale most commonly used to identify abusive use of alcohol; however, many of its psychometric properties in the Colombian adult population are unknown. Objective: To determine the in-ternal consistency of the CAGE questionnaire among adult smokers and non-smokers who reported alcohol drinking within the last month, as well as its psychometric properties when compared with a structured clinical interview in a group of smokers fr (more) om the general population of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Method: A validation study was designed for three groups within the general population. Internal consistency was calculated with Kuder-Richardson coeffcient, and the psychometric properties (sensitivity, specifcity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, Cohen?s kappa and area under receiver operating characteristic curve) were computed when CAGE was compared with a structured clinical interview among a sub-group of smokers. Results: The internal consistency was between 0.753 and 0.834. Among smokers, for the best cutoff point (2/4), the sensitivity was 66.7% (95%CI: 38.8-87.0); specifcity, 86.0% (95%CI: 73.7-93.3); positive predictive value, 55.6% (95%CI: 31.3-77.6); negative predictive value, 90.7% (95%CI: 78.9-96.5); positive likelihood ratio, 4.8; negative likelihood ratio, 0.39; Cohen?s kappa, 0.490 (95%CI: 0.253-0.727); and area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.805 (95%CI: 0.680-0.929). Conclusions: The CAGE questionnaire presents acceptable internal consistency, although among smokers it shows modest properties when compared with a clinical interview.

Campo-Arias, Adalberto; Barros-Bermúdez, Jaider Alfonso; Rueda-Jaimes, Germán Eduardo

2009-06-01

86

Does organic food intervention in the Danish schools lead to change dietary patterns? : results of a web based questionnaire survey among Danish school food coordinatorsR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for the growing prevalence of obese and overweight children. Schools are well suited setting for the learning of children and young people, and this influence has the potential to play an important role in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. The school at the same time is the focus of public organic food supply strategies as well as the focus of innovation strategies that can increase the availability of healthier food options. These strategies in some cases go hand in hand. The purpose of this research was to examine whether organic food intervention strategies in school meal system could support the development of healthier eating patterns among children and adolescents. An important precondition for this is that the food environment becomes supportive for such eating. In the current study this was determined through the comparisons between the food strategies of “organic” school to that of “non organic” schools in Denmark.Provision of meals in Danish schools in not compulsory and function as an “value adding service” that schools and municipalities can decide on locally. Therefore the study was undertaken u among school food coordinators in selected Danish primary schools that was known to provide school meals. The study was conducted by means of a web-based questionnaire. The data shows the relations regarding the school food service between different types of schools, and also based on the ways and methods of food provision. Results indicate that organic food intervention strategies can be supportive for strategies that increase the healthiness of school eating environments. This eventually might play a positive role in the efforts done to counteract the development of obesity and overweight issues among the children in these selected Danish schools.

He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2010-01-01

87

The results of a questionnaire survey for current diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, detection rate of DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ) has gradually increased because mammography screening has been prevailed among 40's in Japan and stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for nonpalpable lesion had been approved under Government Health Insurance since April, 2004. We performed nationwide survey for DCIS. It showed detection rate of DCIS in 2005 was 10.9%. Breast conserving surgery was performed 65% among DCIS cases. Lymphnode dissection was done for 27.2% of total cases. Sentinel node biopsy is one of the key procedures to avoid unnecessary axillary dissection. The indication of postoperative radiation and hormone therapy should be clarified based on clinical trials in the near future. (author)

2007-01-01

88

Adaptación y Validación de la Versión Española de la Escala de Conductas Negativas en el Trabajo Realizadas por Acosadores: NAQ-Perpetrators/ Adaptation and Validation of a Spanish Version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire at Work Showed by Bulliers: NAQ-Perpetrators  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La mayoría de estudios sobre mobbing o acoso laboral se han centrado en las víctimas y en sus percepciones. Tan solo unos pocos estudios han tratado de evaluar a los acosadores directamente. Sin embargo lo han hecho sin un instrumento de medida convenientemente validado. Este artículo presenta la adaptación y validación de una escala de conductas negativas realizadas (NAQ-P), basada en la Escala de Conductas Negativas-Revisada para víctimas (Moreno-Jiménez et al., (more) 2007). Con una muestra de 521 empleados de un total de 20 organizaciones de diferentes sectores de actividad ubicadas en España, se recogieron datos acerca de las conductas negativas realizadas y recibidas, así como de otras variables como el liderazgo transformacional, el género o el estatus ocupacional. Los resultados mostraron que un modelo de dos factores (acoso personal -3 ítems- y acoso relacionado con el trabajo -4 ítems-) se ajustaba mejor a los datos que los otros modelos considerados. Además, los resultados mostraron que el instrumento tenía una buena consistencia interna y una adecuada validez de constructo y discriminante. Abstract in english Most studies on workplace bullying have been focused on victims and their perceptions. Recently, a few number of studies have directly evaluated perpetrators, unfortunately, without a validated questionnaire. Based on the NAQ-RE (Moreno-Jiménez et al., 2007), this article reports a study on a Spanish adaptation and validation of a negative acts questionnaire focused on perpetrators (NAQ-P). Using a sample of 521 employees from 20 organizations of different sectors across (more) Spain, data about victimization, perpetration, and transformational leadership, gender and occupational status were collected. The results showed that a model of two factors (person-related -3 items-, and work-related -4 items- workplace bullying perpetration) showed the best fit in comparison to the other tested models. Moreover, the results showed the questionnaire has good internal consistency and construct and discriminant validity.

Escartín, Jordi; Sora, Beatriz; Rodríguez-Muñoz, Alfredo; Rodríguez-Carballeira, Álvaro

2012-12-01

89

Seminar-Results of questionnaires  

CERN Document Server

Le Prof.Rousseau qui a mené avec son équipe l'enquète auprès du personnel du Cern explique et montre comment on prépare une telle enquête p.ex. pour une politique du personnel et qu'est-ce qu'on peut attendre. Le Prof. Rousseau qui avait au départ une formation d'économiste, est maintenant Prof. de psychologie du travail à l'Université de Neuchâtel et passait aussi plusieurs années à Montreal. Ensuite il a travaillé dans l'industrie et donné des cours dans différentes universités, tout en étant consultant dans l'industrie, toujours pour des questions du personnel.

Rousseau

1983-01-01

90

Induced first abortion rates before and after HIV diagnosis: results of an Italian self-administered questionnaire survey carried out in 585 women living with HIV.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether HIV diagnosis affected reproductive planning over time and to assess independent predictors of abortion overall and following HIV diagnosis. METHODS: Donne con Infezione da HIV (DIDI) is an Italian multicentre study based on a questionnaire survey carried out in 585 HIV-positive women between November 2010 and February 2011. The incidence and predictors of abortion were measured by person-years analysis and Poisson regression. RESULTS: The crude incidence rate of abortion was 18.8 [95% confidence interval (CI) 16.5-21.4] per 1000 person-years of follow-up (PYFU). Compared with women who terminated their pregnancy before HIV diagnosis, women who terminated their pregnancy after HIV diagnosis but before 1990 showed a 2.56-fold (95% CI 1.41-4.65) higher risk. During 1990-1999 and 2000-2010, HIV diagnosis was not significantly associated with outcome [adjusted rate ratio (ARR) 0.93 (95% CI 0.55-1.59) and ARR 0.69 (95% CI 0.32-1.48), respectively]. Age [ARR 0.96 (95% CI 0.94-0.99) per 1 year older] and injecting drug use [ARR 1.38 (95% CI 0.98-1.94)] were found to be predictors of abortion overall. After HIV diagnosis, being on combination antiretroviral therapy [ARR 0.54 (95% CI 0.28-1.02)], monthly income?

Ammassari A; Cicconi P; Ladisa N; Di Sora F; Bini T; Trotta MP; D'Ettorre G; Cattelan AM; Vichi F; d'Arminio Monforte A

2013-01-01

91

Actual status of application of radiation medicare fee to outpatients. Results of questionnaire by Japanese society for therapeutic radiology and oncology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The fee in the title was newly enacted in 2012 by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and the concerned society (JASTRO, in the title) conducted the questionnaire to investigate the actual application status of the fee in the early September. The questionnaire was sent to 160 delegates of JASTRO, and 90 (56.3%) of whom replied within the month. Their facilities had av. 389 (40-1,040) outpatients. Results revealed that the system, although it had been newly established, was widely recognized by as many as 97.8% of radiological expert doctors. Most doctors reported the difficulty, confusion and, especially in those with >5 years experience of radiation therapy who had to examine the patient, increased load for actual application of the system, and wished the improvement of prerequisite items like the strict periodic once weekly examination of patients and concurrent method of fee computation. They thought that even several-day gap could be occasionally allowed for the weekly examination and observation of patients (93.3% of doctors) for their safety maintenance, and less experienced expert doctors could do the works if only under the supervision of experienced doctor (83.3%). The created system was favorably accepted since the doctors thought the fee could contribute to future progress of radiation therapy. Doctors' wishes above should be taken in consideration at the chance of revising the system. (T.T.)

2013-01-01

92

Análise de resultados a partir de testes de sentenças e questionário de auto-avaliação Results analysis based on tests of sentences and a self-assessment questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: investigar a melhora no desempenho e na restrição de participação de usuários de próteses auditivas, após um período de três meses, e verificar se houve correlação entre os resultados obtidos nestes dois aspectos. MÉTODOS: analisou-se 13 sujeitos, com perda auditiva do tipo neurossensorial de grau leve a moderadamente severo, com idades entre 28 e 60 anos. Realizou-se a pesquisa dos Limiares e Índices Percentuais de Reconhecimento de Sentenças no Silêncio e no Ruído (LRSS e LRSR, IPRSS e IPRSR), em campo livre, através do teste Listas de Sentenças em Português; e aplicou-se o questionário Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA). A primeira avaliação foi realizada antes da adaptação das próteses auditivas, sem o uso das mesmas, e a segunda, três meses após a adaptação, com o paciente fazendo uso das próteses auditivas. RESULTADOS: a an álise estatística evidenciou melhora significante, tanto em relação à restrição de participação (HHIA), quanto no desempenho das avaliações (LRSS, LRSR, IPRSS e IPRSR). Ao correlacionar a melhora na restrição de participação (HHIA), com a melhora do desempenho nos demais procedimentos, houve correlação significante apenas entre a melhora no HHIA e a melhora no LRSR. CONCLUSÃO: os usuários avaliados apresentaram sensação de restrição da participação diminuída, e melhora significante no desempenho em situações de reconhecimento de fala, tanto no silêncio quanto no ruído. Houve correlação entre a melhora nas respostas no HHIA e o LRSR, devido ao fato de que as maiores queixas em indivíduos com perda auditiva neurossensorial estarem relacionadas à presença de ruído competitivo.PURPOSE: to investigate the improvement in the performance and in the participation restriction of hearing aids users after a three-month period, as well as to find out a possible correlation between the results obtained in these two aspects. METHODS: 13 subjects having mild to moderate-severe sensorineural hearing loss, aged between 28 and 60 year old, were analyzed. The research of Sentence Recognition Threshold and Percent Indexes in Quiet and in Noise (SRTQ and SRTN, PISRQ and PISRN) was carried out in sound field through the Portuguese Sentences Lists test. The Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA) questionnaire was also applied. The first assessment was performed before the hearing aids fitting, without patients using them; the second, three months later, with the patients using the hearing aids. RESULTS: the statistical analysis showed a significant improvement not only in relation to participation restriction (HHIA) but also in the performance of assessments (SRTQ, SRTN, PISRQ PISRN). When correlating the improvement in participation restriction (HHIA) with the improvement in the other procedures, there was a significant correlation only between the improvement in HHIA and the improvement in SRTN. CONCLUSION: the assessed users showed a feeling of decreased participation restriction, and a performance improvement in situations of speech recognition in quiet as well as in noise. There was a correlation between an improvement in the answers to HHIA and SRTN due to the fact that most complaints in people with sensorineural hearing loss are related to the presence of competitive noise.

Aline da Silva Lopes; Nilvia Herondina Soares Aurélio; Sinéia Neujahr dos Santos; Tiago Petry; Maristela Júlio Costa

2011-01-01

93

Reception of Talent Shows in Denmark: First Results from a Trans-National Audience Study of a Global Format Genre  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper will discuss the methodology and present the preliminary findings of the Danish part of a trans-national, comparative audience study of the musical talent show genre undertaken in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Great Britain in Spring 2013. Within the international business model of format adaptation, the musical talent show genre has been particularly successful in crossing cultural borders. Formats such as Idols, X Factor and Voice have sold to a large variety of countries, covering all continents. Such global reach inevitably raises the question of the genre’s audience appeal; to what degree its reach has to do with a universal appeal inherent in the genre and/or the innovative character of individual formats, and to what degree its global success is due to local broadcasters’ ability to successfully adapt the formats to local audience tastes. A consensus has developed that television formats to a considerable degree are adapted according to national audiences and, hence, national cultural tastes. And in our research approach, we do recognize that musical talent shows appear to contribute to ‘imagining the nation’ (Anderson 1983), often even mentioning the nation in the title. However, we also take into account that the national perspective needs to be considered critically. First, there are other factors but national culture that determine a local adaptation such as subnational target groups, channel identity, financing or chance incidents. Secondly, it has rightly been argued that within any national television market, especially in the post-broadcast era, a multiplicity of publics co-exists. The aim of the focus groups is therefore to shed light on the complexity of the communal viewing experience, real and imagined, national, sub-national and transnational; of identification, and of the meaning that viewers take from the musical talent show genre.

Jensen, Pia Majbritt

94

[Symptom's questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Structured questionnaires are valuable instruments to measure the impact of specific diseases in patient's quality of life through a score and they are available such abroad as in Brazil. Nevertheless, questionnaires based on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms are not available in Portuguese. AIM: To develop and validate in Portuguese a specific questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Velanovich's original questionnaire was translated, one question about "regurgitation" symptom was included and the vocabulary was adjusted to be understood to the scholarity level of the analyzed population. The "face validity" to each question was evaluated by the members of a multidisciplinary panel and a symptom's questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease was developed. The questionnaire was applied to patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms confirmed by prolonged pH esophageal monitoring. The reproducibility, the comprehension, the time spent to fill out the questionnaire and the correlation coefficient to Johnson-DeMeester's score were measured. RESULTS: The "face validity" was considered satisfactory by the panel and the questionnaire was applied to 124 patients, consecutively. The comprehension of the questionnaire and the time less than 5 minutes to fill out them were observed in all patients (100%). Reproducibility for 10 patients in two different occasions showed a high intra-class correlation coefficient of 0,833. The correlation to the Johnson-DeMeester's score was null. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the symptom's questionnaire for gastroesophageal reflux disease has "face validity", excellent reproducibility, easy comprehension and was quickly answered by patients. The correlation with Johnson-DeMeester's score was null.

Fornari F; Gruber AC; Lopes Ade B; Cecchetti D; de Barros SG

2004-10-01

95

Resistin polymorphisms show associations with obesity, but not with bone parameters in men : results from the Odense Androgen Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Resistin is an obesity-related adipokine which has also been implicated in bone metabolism. Therefore, we designed a study to investigate the possible role of resistin gene variation in both obesity and bone mineral density. We included 1,155 individuals from the Odense Androgen Study (663 young subjects and 492 older subjects), a population-based, prospective, observational study on the inter-relationship between endocrine status, body composition, muscle function, and bone metabolism in men, in an association study with resistin (RETN) polymorphisms. Three RETN variants (rs1862513, rs3745367 and rs3745369) were genotyped with TaqMan Pre-Designed Genotyping assays. Linear regression was performed to investigate the possible association of these variants with several obesity- and bone-related parameters. After genotyping 1,155 Danish men, 663 young subjects and 492 older subjects, we found that rs3745367 was associated with several obesity-related measures in both the young and elderly cohort. Rs3745369 was only associated with obesity-phenotypes in the elderly cohort. When studying the combined cohorts, we could confirm the associations of rs3745367 with several obesity-related parameters. We were unable to identify any association between RETN polymorphisms and bone-related measurements. Together, these results illustrate resistin's role in the development of obesity. Rs3745367 gives the most consistent results in the current study and these should be confirmed in other populations. Research into its possible functional effect might also be required. A role for RETN variants in determining bone mineral density seems unlikely from our results.

Beckers, Sigri; Zegers, Doreen

2013-01-01

96

Acute pain: individual patient meta-analysis shows the impact of different ways of analysing and presenting results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Individual patient meta-analysis using information from clinically homogeneous acute pain trials with observations over 24h was used to investigate different ways trials can be analysed and reported. There were 13 third-molar extraction trials, with 1,330 patients using rofecoxib 50mg, 303 using ibuprofen 400mg, and 570 using placebo. Pain relief scores were available at individual time points, plus time to remedication. Many more patients remedicated with placebo than ibuprofen 400mg, and more with ibuprofen than rofecoxib 50mg. Median time to remedication, the proportion remedicated at various times, or survival curves would be useful outcomes. In dealing with missing data points when patients remedicated, baseline observation carried forward was more conservative than last observation carried forward, resulting in higher (worse) NNTs and lower average pain scores after 12 and 24h. Results based on both methods might be sensible for trials longer than eight hours. The distribution of pain relief was highly skewed, especially at later times, when almost no patient was average. Different cut points for pain relief (at least 25, 50 or 75% maxTOTPAR) and longer duration changed the NNT for ibuprofen compared with placebo, but less for rofecoxib, reflecting longer duration of action of rofecoxib. Reporting for each treatment group the percentage of patients with 25, 50 and 75% pain relief at various times after dose, and reporting the proportion of patients with good or complete pain relief, and inadequate pain relief, at each time point, would improve acute pain trial reporting.

Moore RA; Edwards JE; McQuay HJ

2005-08-01

97

Medicaid incentive programs to encourage healthy behavior show mixed results to date and should be studied and improved.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In September 2011 the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services awarded $85 million in grants to ten states to test financial incentive programs to encourage healthy behavior among Medicaid enrollees with chronic diseases. There is little published evidence about the effectiveness of such incentives within the Medicaid program. We evaluated the available research from three earlier Medicaid incentive programs and found mixed results. On the one hand, in Florida only about half of the $41.3 million in available credits was "claimed" by enrollees between 2006 and 2011. On the other, Idaho's incentive program was credited with improving the proportion of children who were up-to-date on well-child visits. Our findings suggest that Medicaid incentive programs should be designed so that enrollees can understand them and so that the incentives are attractive enough to motivate participation. Medicaid incentive programs also should be subject to rigorous evaluation to more clearly establish their effectiveness.

Blumenthal KJ; Saulsgiver KA; Norton L; Troxel AB; Anarella JP; Gesten FC; Chernew ME; Volpp KG

2013-03-01

98

Family caregiver satisfaction with home-based nursing and physician care over the palliative care trajectory: results from a longitudinal survey questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: A limited understanding of satisfaction with home-based palliative care currently exists. AIM: This study measured family caregivers' satisfaction with home-based physician and nursing palliative care services, and explored predictors of satisfaction, across the palliative care trajectory. DESIGN: A longitudinal, cohort design was used. Family caregivers were interviewed by telephone by-weekly from palliative care admission until death. Satisfaction was assessed using the Quality of End-of-Life care and Satisfaction with Treatment (QUEST) questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models were used to determine the extent to which demographic, quality of care, and service related variables predicted satisfaction. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Family caregivers (N=104) of palliative care patients. RESULTS: Each of the nine quality of care parameters were consistently found to be significant predictors of overall satisfaction with palliative care. CONCLUSIONS: The results may inform key health policy issues. Specifically, knowledge of how quality of care parameters predict family caregivers' satisfaction over the course of the palliative care trajectory may aid managers responsible for resource allocation and the determination of home care standards.

Guerriere DN; Zagorski B; Coyte PC

2013-07-01

99

Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of life is a multidimensional construct composed of functional, physical, emotional, social and spiritual well-being. In order to examine how patients with severe diseases view the impact of spirituality and religiosity on their health and how they cope with illness, we have developed the SpREUK questionnaire. We deliberately avoided the intermingling of attitudes, convictions and practices, and thus addressed the distinct forms and frequencies of spiritual/religious practices in an additional manual, the SpREUK-P questionnaire. Methods The SpREUK-P was designed to differentiate spiritual, religious, existentialistic and philosophical practices. It was tested in a sample of 354 German subjects (71% women; 49.0 ± 12.5 years). Half of them were healthy controls, while among the patients cancer was diagnosed in 54%, multiple sclerosis in 22%, and other chronic diseases in 23%. Reliability and factor analysis of the inventory were performed according to the standard procedures. Results We confirmed the structure and consistency of the previously described 18-item SpREUK-P manual and improved the quality of the current construct by adding several new items. The new 25-item SpREUK-P 1.1 (Cronbach's alpha = 0.8517) has the following scales: (1) conventional religious practice (CRP), (2) existentialistic practice (ExP), (3) unconventional spiritual practice (USP), (4) nature/environment-oriented practice (NoP), and (5) humanistic practice (HuP). Among the tested individuals, the highest engagement scores were found for HuP and NoP, while the lowest were found for the USP. Women had significantly higher scores for ExP than male patients. With respect to age, the engagement in CRP increases with increasing age, while the engagement in a HuP decreased. Individuals with a Christian orientation and with a religious and spiritual attitude had the highest engagement scores for CRP, while the engagement in an USP was high with respect to a spiritual attitude. Variance analyses confirmed that the SpR attitude and religious affiliation are the main relevant covariates for CRP and ExP, while for the USP the SpR attitude and the educational level are of significance, but not religious affiliation. Patients with multiple sclerosis overall had the lowest engagement scores for all five forms of SpR practice, while it is remarkable that cancer patients had lower scores for HuP and USP than healthy subjects. Conclusion The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK-P questionnaire (Version 1.1) indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of five distinct forms of spiritual, religious and philosophical practice that may be especially useful for assessing the role of spirituality and religiosity in health related research. An advantage of our instruments is the clear-cut differentiation between convictions and attitudes on the one hand, and the expression of these attitudes in a concrete engagement on the other hand.

Büssing Arndt; Matthiessen Peter F; Ostermann Thomas

2005-01-01

100

[Lower urinary tract symptoms in women and impact on quality of life. Results of the application of the King's Health Questionnaire  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The self-assessment of quality of life (QoL) of women with urinary symptoms may help in selecting the best treatment in each case. METHOD: Epidemiologic, observational, cross-sectional and multicentric study of 674 women who underwent to a gynecology unit with symptoms suggesting Overactive Bladder, with or without urinary incontinence (UI). All women fill out the King's Health Questionnaire. Sociodemographic data and a complete register of urinary symptoms and the degree of afectation which caused, were also collected. RESULTS: Most frequent symptoms were "frequency" (612 women-90.8%), followed by "urgency" (562-83.4%), "nocturia" (543-80.6%) and "stres UI" (535-79.4%). Symptoms of "frecuency", "nocturia", "urgency" and "urgency UI" were more frequent in women aged 65 or under 65 years and that of "stress UI", in women over 65 years (79.8% vs 77.9%). 210 women did not fill out all the KHQ dimensions, mainly "Personal Limitations", "Personal Relationship", "Social limitations" and "Incontinence Impact". Global KHQ score was38.3 (SD=19.2). Higher scores (worse QoL) corresponded to "Incontinence Impact", "Severity Measures", "Personal Limitations" and "Role Limitations". Variables associated to global KHQ score were (multiple linear regression): age, BMI, urgency UI, UI in sexual intercourse, frequent urinary infections. CONCLUSIONS: QoL impact in women with urinary symptoms is important. The symptoms with higher association with QoL are: UI in sexual intercourse, urgency UI and frequent urinary infections.

Espuña Pons M; Puig Clota M

2006-07-01

 
 
 
 
101

Awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons toward scientific manuscripts, publishing internationally and medical writing. Results of an online questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of this survey was to identify the importance placed by Croatian-based surgeons on writing scientific manuscripts and publishing them internationally, as well as their awareness of and attitudes toward medical writing. A link to an online survey was sent to 327 Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons. The electronic questionnaire consisted of rating scales, multiple choice questions and free text reply boxes. A total of 61 surgeons based in Croatia replied to the survey, yielding a response rate of 19% (61/327). The survey results indicate that surgeons in Croatia are active in both research and the writing of manuscripts. There is also a high level of interest among them to publish internationally in English to further their careers. While 68% (38/56) of respondents initially claimed to know about medical writing, further questioning on the subject revealed a reduced level of familiarity with the concept. Only 19% (11/58) of respondents had ever engaged the services of a medical writer and they were generally satisfied with the work done across the three areas of language, editing and scientific knowledge. Medical writers are advised to increase awareness of their services among Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons who may well have a need for their expertise.

De Faoite D; Bakota B; Staresini? M; Kopljar M; Cvjetko I; Dobri? I

2013-03-01

102

The results of questionnaire on assessing and reporting of side effects in Turkey: “Turkish Oncology Group (TOG) Early-Late Side Effects Working Party” study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To report and to discuss the data revealed from the questionnaire that was designed to recognise the assessment and reporting the side effects of chemo- and radiotherapy in cancer centres of Turkey. METHODS: Sixty-four cancer centres/departments were invited to the study. Sixteen questions were designed to find out the general characteristics for evaluating and reporting acute and late toxicity in centres. The institutes’ follow-up schedules and patients’ general profiles that regularly come to their follow-up were also requested. RESULTS: A total of 36 centres/departments (19 medical oncology; 17 radiation oncology) answered to the questions. Side effect reporting was performed in 53%. The major obstacle in terms of assessing and reporting the toxicity was the busy work in out patients’ clinic (83%) whereas other problems like lack of awareness for acute (11%) and late (22%) effects were determined less frequently. CONCLUSION: To follow-up the side effects is as crucial as to follow-up the disease itself. Assessment and reporting of these effects might be ignored under daily busy labour. Both the efforts for progressing the knowledge and the awareness, and simple toxicity evaluation forms may help for appraising and reporting the toxicity.

Beste Melek ATASOY; Diclehan KILIÇ ÜNSAL; Fazilet ÖNER D?NÇBA?; Deniz YAMAÇ; Sait OKKAN; Fikri ?ÇL?

2007-01-01

103

[Preoperative evaluation: screening using a questionnaire].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prior to elective surgery it is essential to know in advance the patient’s clinical condition. The aim of this study was to compare the preoperative evaluation (POE) through questionnaire responses with preanesthetic evaluation by the anesthesiologist. METHOD: Prior to their preoperative evaluation, patients answered a questionnaire with information regarding age, weight, height, scheduled surgery, past medical and surgical history, allergies, medications and doses used, social history (illicit drugs, alcohol, smoking), functional capacity and exercise tolerance. Preoperative evaluation was performed by an anesthesiologist who had no access to the questionnaire data or knowledge about the research. The questionnaire data were compared with the preoperative evaluation by two independent investigators, in order to answer the questions: 1) Was the questionnaire evaluation effective - could the patient undergo surgery without the need for face-to-face consultation? 2) Has been there any relevant information - ability to change the anesthetic approach - not assessed by the questionnaire, but assessed by the face-to-face consultation? 3) Has been there any information added by the health questionnaire that was missed by face-to-face consultation? For statistical analysis, the paired Student’s t-test was used for parametric data and chi-square test for categorical data, with p < 0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: Of the 269 eligible patients there was one refusal, and four agreed to participate but did not complete the questionnaire, in addition to 52 losses, totaling 212 participants. Questionnaire data added to the consultation in 109 cases (51.4%). The screening questionnaire alone was effective for 144 patients (67.93%), with no need for consultation. The anesthesiologist evaluation referred patients for surgery on their fi rst visit in 178 opportunities (84%). In the identification of cases of non-referral to surgery, the questionnaire showed a negative predictive value of 94.4%, positive predictive value of 38.2%, sensitivity of 76.5%, and specificity of 76.4%. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) clinical factors associated with non-referral to surgery were: age over 65 years, BMI > 30, low functional capacity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, asthma, renal failure, hepatitis, and ischemic heart disease. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire was effective for screening patients who needed further evaluation and/or changes in treatment regimen prior to elective surgery. Moreover, the questionnaire added data not covered by clinical evaluation.

Mendes FF; Machado EL; de Oliveira M; Brasil FR; Eizerik G; Telöken P

2013-07-01

104

Validation of inpatient experience questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: A validation survey was carried out in this study to assess the acceptability, validity and reliability of the Hong Kong Inpatient Experience Questionnaire (HKIEQ), which was newly developed to measure patient experiences of hospital care in Hong Kong (HK). DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Principal component exploratory factor analysis assessed the construct validity of the questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficients and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient estimated the reliability of the instrument. Acceptability of the questionnaire regarding the percentage of missing value of individual items was also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 511 patients discharged from public hospitals in HK were interviewed. Low percentage of missing value (0.2 to 21.3%) showed high acceptability. Nine dimensions of hospital care explaining 75.4% of the variance were derived from factor analysis and content validity. These items showed satisfactory internal reliability consistency (0.49 to 0.97). Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.36 to 0.96. CONCLUSIONS: The HKIEQ performed well on several psychometric indicators and is a promising measure of patient experience with public hospital inpatient care in HK. The findings provided important insight on developing tools to measure patient experience in hospitals to improve the quality of care and to lay the foundation for further research on patient expectations and needs regarding hospitalization.

Wong EL; Coulter A; Cheung AW; Yam CH; Yeoh EK; Griffiths S

2013-09-01

105

Validation of the post sleep questionnaire for assessing subjects with restless legs syndrome: results from two double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled clinical trials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Because of the subjective nature of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) symptoms and the impact of these symptoms on sleep, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) play a prominent role as study endpoints in clinical trials investigating RLS treatments. The objective of this study was to validate a new measure, the Post Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), to assess sleep dysfunction in subjects with moderate-to-severe RLS symptoms. Methods Pooled data were analyzed from two 12-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of gabapentin enacarbil (N = 540). At baseline and Week 12, subjects completed the PSQ and other validated health surveys: IRLS Rating Scale, Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I), Profile of Mood States (POMS), Medical Outcomes Study Scale-Sleep (MOS-Sleep), and RLS-Quality of Life (RLSQoL). Pooled data were used post hoc to examine the convergent, divergent, known-group validity and the responsiveness of the PSQ. Results Convergent validity was demonstrated by significant correlations between baseline PSQ items and total scores of IRLS, POMS, RLSQoL, and the MOS-Sleep Scale (p ? 0.007 each). Divergent validity was demonstrated through the lack of significant correlations between PSQ items and demographic characteristics. Correlations (p Conclusions Although these analyses were potentially limited by the use of clinical trial data and not prospective data from a study conducted solely for validation purposes, the PSQ demonstrated robust psychometric properties and is a valid instrument for assessing sleep and sleep improvements in subjects with moderate-to-severe RLS symptoms. Trial Registration This study analyzed data from two registered trials, NCT00298623 and NCT00365352.

Canafax Daniel M; Bhanegaonkar Abhijeet; Bharmal Murtuza; Calloway Michael

2011-01-01

106

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

107

Discussion: 'Estimation of ultimate recovery for UK oil fields: the results of the DTI questionnaire and a historical analysis'  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Comments by F. Demirmen on the paper by J. M. Thomas given in the title together with a reply by Thomas to points raised by Demirmen on ultimate recovery, companies opinions on questionnaires, and the change of NPV for the better fields with time.

Thomas, J.M.

1999-02-01

108

[Questionnaires in sexual medicine].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Screening, diagnosis and assessment of the management of male and female sexual dysfunctions have been greatly improved by the scientific development of self-administered questionnaires. Their use became the rule in clinical trials and epidemiological surveys. Nevertheless, their routine use has not yet become part of daily urological practice. Even if these tools replace neither the patient interview and medical history and the psychological and social context of the sexual behavior, nor clinical examination, they are of great assistance for determining management and are also highly reliable. METHODS: Medical literature was reviewed and combined with expert opinion of the author. RESULTS: We present here several questionnaires which have been validated in their French version with the methodology for the calculation of the scores. The International Index of Erectile Function (15 items) and two abbreviated versions, the Erectile Function domain (six items) and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (five questions) are mainly of use for patients with erectile dysfunction. They provide a robust classification of the severity of the condition. The Premature Ejaculation Profile (four questions) is used for patients with premature ejaculation. It describes premature ejaculation with the following criteria: time to ejaculation, control over ejaculation, the level of distress. The Male Health Sexual Questionnaire (25 questions) provides with a wider and more comprehensive approach to male sexuality of male sexuality including: erection, ejaculation, desire and satisfaction. This questionnaire is particularly useful to investigate ejaculatory disorders. Lastly, the Female Sexual Function Index (19 questions) is the tool of choice for female sexuality with questions regarding desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain. CONCLUSION: Validated, user-friendly questionnaires are available in French language for the diagnosis and the follow-up of sexual dysfunctions in both men and women.

Giuliano F

2013-07-01

109

A population based survey in Ethiopia using questionnaire as proxy to estimate obstetric fistula prevalence: results from demographic and health survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Obstetric Fistula (OF) remains a major public health problem in areas where unattended obstructed labor is common and maternal mortality is high. Obstetric Fistula was able to be prevented, treated and eradicated in high-income countries; however, it still affects many women in low-income countries. To our knowledge, only few studies have described the prevalence and factors associated with Obstetric Fistula in Ethiopia in population-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and factors associated with Obstetric Fistula in Ethiopia. METHODS: The study used women's dataset from the 2005 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The survey sample was designed to provide national, urban/rural, and regional representative estimates of key health and demographic indicators. The sample was selected using a two-stage stratified sampling process. OF was measured using questionnaire. The data is analyzed using descriptive and multivariate statistical methods to determine factors associated with Obstetric Fistula. RESULTS: A total of 14,070 women of reproductive age group were included in the survey. Of which 23.2% ever heard of obstetric fistula. Among women who ever given birth (9,713), some 103 (1.06%, 95% CI; 0.89%-1.31%) experienced obstetric fistula in their lifetime, which means 10.6 per 1000 women who ever gave birth. It is estimated that in Ethiopia nearly 142,387 (95% CI: 115,080-169,694) of obstetric fistula patients exist. Those women who are circumcised had higher odds of reporting the condition (Chi square = 4.41, p-value = 0.036). In the logistic regression model women from rural areas were less likely to report obstetric fistula than their urban counterparts (OR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.06-0.69). Women who gave birth 10 or more had higher odds of developing obstetric fistula than women with 1-4 child (OR = 4.34; 95% CI; 1.29-14.55). CONCLUSIONS: Obstetric fistula is a major public and reproductive health concern in Ethiopia. This calls for increased access to emergency obstetric care, expansion of fistula repair service and active finding of women with OF with campaigns of ending fistula is recommended.

Biadgilign S; Lakew Y; Reda AA; Deribe K

2013-01-01

110

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12) and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS) in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study), who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women) from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7) completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS) questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI) resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5%) than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Lungenhausen Margitta; Lange Stefan; Maier Christoph; Schaub Claudia; Trampisch Hans J; Endres Heinz G

2007-01-01

111

The relative validity of vitamin intakes derived from a food frequency questionnaire compared to 24-hour recalls and biological measurements: results from the EPIC pilot study in Germany. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: For the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study Germany, a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was developed and tested for its relative validity and reproducibility in 1991/1992. Study participants were 92 potential cohort members. This paper reports results regarding retinol, carotenoids, tocopherols and ascorbic acid. METHODS: Study participants were invited to the study centre in Heidelberg once a month over one year. At each visit, a 24 hour recall was obtained. The FFQ was filled in twice with a 6-month interval (FFQ1, FFQ2). In addition, a questionnaire on general consumption frequencies of 14 broad food groups was completed. This information was combined with estimates derived from FFQ2 and frequency-corrected food and nutrient intakes were calculated (FFQcorr). Blood specimens were taken in winter and summer 1992. RESULTS: The intraclass correlation of the FFQ ranged from 0.65 to 0.67 for retinol, tocopherols, carotenoids, and ascorbic acid. Intake of carotenoids by FFQcorr showed de-attenuated Pearson correlation coefficients with blood values in the order of 0.37, and with recall data of 0.44. Respective correlations for retinol were 0.21 and 0.29, for tocopherols 0.18 and 0.52, and for ascorbic acid 0.36 and 0.69. Errors of FFQcorr and 24-hour diet recalls were not correlated. CONCLUSIONS: In general, it was demonstrated that the FFQ was able to rank participants into biologically meaningful categories of intake or blood concentrations for carotenoids and ascorbic acid, but misclassification was higher for tocopherol and retinol.

Boeing H; Bohlscheid-Thomas S; Voss S; Schneeweiss S; Wahrendorf J

1997-01-01

112

[Skin protection at work in Croatian hairdressers (results of the EvaHair questionnaire developed within the EU project "SafeHair")].  

Science.gov (United States)

Hairdressers are under a high occupational risk of developing various health disorders, particularly regarding the skin. The "SafeHair" project was implemented from 2010 to 2012, with the aim to develop health and safety standards for the prevention of occupational skin diseases in hairdressing. Croatian hairdressers participated in the project. The aim of this work was to establish the actual status of skin protection in Croatian hairdressers. Data were collected by the EvaHair questionnaire developed within the "SafeHair" project. A total of 213 questionnaires were analysed. The sample comprised 133 (64%) salon owners, 46 (22%) employees, and 31 (14%) trainees. Thirty-six (17%) subjects confirmed the presence of skin disorders in their salons in the last 3 years, and almost all of the subjects (98%) considered the prevention of occupational skin diseases important. We found a high proportion (from 40% to 50%) of non-answered questions about risk assessment. Protective gloves were mostly used when exposed to chemicals (88%), but rarely for hair washing (13%). They were available to the majority of subjects (95%), but 32% of subjects had trouble wearing them. Hairdressers with over 30 years of working experience used gloves for washing and cutting hair more frequently than those with less than 30 years of experience (pvocational education and later in the form of permanent education. PMID:23819939

Kujundži? Brkulj, Marija; Macan, Jelena

2013-06-01

113

Salud mental en el hospital general: resultados del Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ) en cuatro servicios de atención Mental Health in the General Hospital: Results of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) in Four Hospital Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: Pocas personas tienen acceso a tratamientos de trastornos mentales, en parte porque no son adecuadamente detectados. Como es más frecuente consultar servicios de salud por condiciones médicas, la atención primaria en salud constituye una puerta de entrada útil de detección de problemas de salud mental. Objetivo: Detectar la frecuencia de problemas de salud mental en cuatro servicios de la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: consulta externa, hospitalización, urgencias y atención primaria, mediante un cuestionario breve, el Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ), así como los índices de comorbilidad. Método: Estudio de corte transversal de pacientes que asistieron a los cuatro servicios, a quienes se les aplicó un Cuestionario de Datos Demográficos y el PHQ. Resultados: De los pacientes que asistieron a los servicios entre septiembre del 2010 y mayo del 2011, un total de 1094 seleccionados aleatoriamente participaron en el estudio. Los problemas de salud mental más frecuentes fueron trastorno depresivo mayor (7,3%), abuso de alcohol (14,4%) y algún trastorno de ansiedad (7,7%) y se observaron con una mayor frecuencia en urgencias. Conclusiones: Se reafirma la utilidad de un cuestionario breve (PHQ) para detectar problemas de salud mental en el medio hospitalario y se analiza la necesidad de diseñar programas de atención en salud mental en el hospital general. Se recomienda repetir este estudio en otros centros y realizar más investigación.Introduction: Few individuals have access to mental health services due in part to under-detection. As it is more likely to consult for medical conditions, primary care may be a useful gateway for early detection of mental health problems. Objective: Detection of the frequency of mental health problems in four hospital services at the Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: Outpatient unit, hospitalization, emergency department, and primary care through a brief detection questionnaire, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). Method: Cross-sectional study of patients seen at the four services who answered a Demographic Data Questionnaire and the PHQ together with information gathered about current medical diagnosis, history of visits, and hospitalizations during the last year. Results: 1094 patients seen at the four hospital services between September 2010 and May 2011 were selected at random. A mental health problem was detected in 36.7% of the total sample. Major depressive disorder (7.3%), alcohol abuse (14.4%), and any anxiety disorder (7.7%) showed the highest prevalence with the emergency department showing the highest frequency of detection. Conclusions: The usefulness of a brief detection questionnaire such as the PHQ in hospital settings is demonstrated and implications in the design of mental health programs in the general hospital are discussed. The need to replicate this study in other settings and to undertake further research is outlined.

Leonidas Castro-Camacho; Juan Manuel Escobar; Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano; Lucía Delgado-Barrera; Soraya Aparicio-Turbay; Juan Carlos Molano; Efraín Noguera

2012-01-01

114

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be possible in HoLEP than in TUR-P.

Ishikawa K; Maruyama T; Kusaka M; Shiroki R; Hoshinaga K

2011-10-01

115

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be possible in HoLEP than in TUR-P. PMID:22089150

Ishikawa, Kiyohito; Maruyama, Takahiro; Kusaka, Mamoru; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka

2011-10-01

116

Construction of Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

117

Results from the translation and adaptation of the Iranian Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (I-SF-MPQ): preliminary evidence of its reliability, construct validity and sensitivity in an Iranian pain population.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess pain. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire for Farsi (the official language of Iran) speakers in order to test its reliability and sensitivity. METHODS: We followed Guillemin's guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related measures, which include forward-backward translations, expert committee meetings, and face validity testing in a pilot group. Subsequently, the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 100 diverse chronic pain patients attending a tertiary pain and rehabilitation clinic. In order to evaluate test-retest reliability, patients completed the questionnaire in the morning and early evening of their first visit. Finally, patients were asked to complete the questionnaire for the third time after completing a standardized treatment protocol three weeks later. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate reliability. We used principle component analysis to assess construct validity. RESULTS: Ninety-two subjects completed the questionnaire both in the morning and in the evening of the first visit (test-retest reliability), and after three weeks (sensitivity to change). Eight patients who did not finish treatment protocol were excluded from the study. Internal consistency was found by Cronbach's alpha to be 0.951, 0.832 and 0.840 for sensory, affective and total scores respectively. ICC resulted in 0.906 for sensory, 0.712 for affective and 0.912 for total pain score. Item to subscale score correlations supported the convergent validity of each item to its hypothesized subscale. Correlations were observed to range from r2 = 0.202 to r2 = 0.739. Sensitivity or responsiveness was evaluated by pair t-test, which exhibited a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that the Iranian version of the SF-MPQ is a reliable questionnaire and responsive to changes in the subscale and total pain scores in Persian chronic pain patients over time.

Adelmanesh F; Arvantaj A; Rashki H; Ketabchi S; Montazeri A; Raissi G

2011-01-01

118

Results from the translation and adaptation of the Iranian Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (I-SF-MPQ): preliminary evidence of its reliability, construct validity and sensitivity in an Iranian pain population  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess pain. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire for Farsi (the official language of Iran) speakers in order to test its reliability and sensitivity. Methods We followed Guillemin's guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related measures, which include forward-backward translations, expert committee meetings, and face validity testing in a pilot group. Subsequently, the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 100 diverse chronic pain patients attending a tertiary pain and rehabilitation clinic. In order to evaluate test-retest reliability, patients completed the questionnaire in the morning and early evening of their first visit. Finally, patients were asked to complete the questionnaire for the third time after completing a standardized treatment protocol three weeks later. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate reliability. We used principle component analysis to assess construct validity. Results Ninety-two subjects completed the questionnaire both in the morning and in the evening of the first visit (test-retest reliability), and after three weeks (sensitivity to change). Eight patients who did not finish treatment protocol were excluded from the study. Internal consistency was found by Cronbach's alpha to be 0.951, 0.832 and 0.840 for sensory, affective and total scores respectively. ICC resulted in 0.906 for sensory, 0.712 for affective and 0.912 for total pain score. Item to subscale score correlations supported the convergent validity of each item to its hypothesized subscale. Correlations were observed to range from r2 = 0.202 to r2 = 0.739. Sensitivity or responsiveness was evaluated by pair t-test, which exhibited a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (p Conclusion The results of this study indicate that the Iranian version of the SF-MPQ is a reliable questionnaire and responsive to changes in the subscale and total pain scores in Persian chronic pain patients over time.

Adelmanesh Farhad; Arvantaj Ali; Rashki Hassan; Ketabchi Seyedmehdi; Montazeri Ali; Raissi Gholamreza

2011-01-01

119

Salud mental en el hospital general: resultados del Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ) en cuatro servicios de atención/ Mental Health in the General Hospital: Results of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) in Four Hospital Services  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: Pocas personas tienen acceso a tratamientos de trastornos mentales, en parte porque no son adecuadamente detectados. Como es más frecuente consultar servicios de salud por condiciones médicas, la atención primaria en salud constituye una puerta de entrada útil de detección de problemas de salud mental. Objetivo: Detectar la frecuencia de problemas de salud mental en cuatro servicios de la Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: consulta externa, hospitalizaci? (more) ?n, urgencias y atención primaria, mediante un cuestionario breve, el Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente (PHQ), así como los índices de comorbilidad. Método: Estudio de corte transversal de pacientes que asistieron a los cuatro servicios, a quienes se les aplicó un Cuestionario de Datos Demográficos y el PHQ. Resultados: De los pacientes que asistieron a los servicios entre septiembre del 2010 y mayo del 2011, un total de 1094 seleccionados aleatoriamente participaron en el estudio. Los problemas de salud mental más frecuentes fueron trastorno depresivo mayor (7,3%), abuso de alcohol (14,4%) y algún trastorno de ansiedad (7,7%) y se observaron con una mayor frecuencia en urgencias. Conclusiones: Se reafirma la utilidad de un cuestionario breve (PHQ) para detectar problemas de salud mental en el medio hospitalario y se analiza la necesidad de diseñar programas de atención en salud mental en el hospital general. Se recomienda repetir este estudio en otros centros y realizar más investigación. Abstract in english Introduction: Few individuals have access to mental health services due in part to under-detection. As it is more likely to consult for medical conditions, primary care may be a useful gateway for early detection of mental health problems. Objective: Detection of the frequency of mental health problems in four hospital services at the Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá: Outpatient unit, hospitalization, emergency department, and primary care through a brief detection question (more) naire, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). Method: Cross-sectional study of patients seen at the four services who answered a Demographic Data Questionnaire and the PHQ together with information gathered about current medical diagnosis, history of visits, and hospitalizations during the last year. Results: 1094 patients seen at the four hospital services between September 2010 and May 2011 were selected at random. A mental health problem was detected in 36.7% of the total sample. Major depressive disorder (7.3%), alcohol abuse (14.4%), and any anxiety disorder (7.7%) showed the highest prevalence with the emergency department showing the highest frequency of detection. Conclusions: The usefulness of a brief detection questionnaire such as the PHQ in hospital settings is demonstrated and implications in the design of mental health programs in the general hospital are discussed. The need to replicate this study in other settings and to undertake further research is outlined.

Castro-Camacho, Leonidas; Escobar, Juan Manuel; Sáenz-Moncaleano, Camilo; Delgado-Barrera, Lucía; Aparicio-Turbay, Soraya; Molano, Juan Carlos; Noguera, Efraín

2012-01-01

120

Controlo alimentar materno e estado ponderal: resultados do questionário alimentar para crianças/ Mother?s feeding control and weight status: results of the child feeding questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese As atitudes de controlo alimentar das mães são determinantes ambientais relevantes do estado ponderal dos respectivos filhos e o seu conhecimento deve ser tido em conta na intervenção no peso em excesso. Esta investigação tem como objectivos: validar o Questionário alimentar para Crianças (CFQ), instrumento desenhado para a avaliação das atitudes de controlo alimentar, numa amostra de mães portuguesas; estudar a relação entre estas atitudes e o estado pondera (more) l dos seus filhos. Os participantes foram 292 mães e respectivos filhos com idades entre os 8 e 12 anos. As mães responderam ao CFQ e a questões demográficas, as crianças foram pesadas e medidas e calculados os os z scores IMC. As respostas ao questionário foram sujeitas à Análise factorial Exploratória e Análises Factoriais Confirmatórias e calculados os índices c²/df, RMSEA, CFI, TLI e NFI de três modelos. Os índices de consistência interna das subescalas distribuem-se entre 0,61 e 0,90. Os resultados de 5 subescalas associam-se ao z score do IMC sendo que Pressão para comer se relaciona negativamente; apenas Percepção da responsabilidade e Monitorização não se associam ao estado ponderal. Conclui-se que o CFQ é um instrumento fiável para utilizar na população portuguesa, e que as atitudes de controlo alimentar das mães são determinantes importantes do comportamento alimentar e do estado ponderal das crianças a ter em conta na intervenção na obesidade. Abstract in english Mother's feeding attitudes are most important environmental factors of weight status in children, and its knowledge has to be considered in the managment of overweight. This research has as objectives: to validate The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ), witch assesses parent's feeding attitudes, in a Portuguese sample; to study the importance of mothers? feeding attitudes related to children?s weight status. Participantes were 292 mothers and their children aged 8 to 12 (more) years. Mothers? answered to CFQ and children were weighted and measured, BMI z scores were calculated. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were performed and the model fit indexes c²/df, RMSEA, CFI, TLI and NFI were obtained for 3 models. Alpha for the subscales ranged from 0.61 to 0.90. Perceived Feeding Responsibility and Monitoring presented no association with BMI Z scores; Pressure to Eat was inversely associated with this factor; all others suscales were positively associated with BMI z scores. We coclude that CFQ, with some modifications, is a reliable instrument to use in research in Portuguese population, and that mothers? feeding attitudes are important factors of children?s eating behavior and weight status to include in the management of obesity.

Viana, Victor; Franco, Tânia; Morais, Cecília; Almeida, Paulo; Silva, Diana; Guerra, António

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

The Danish anal sphincter rupture questionnaire: Validity and reliability  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective. To revise, validate and test for reliability an anal sphincter rupture questionnaire in relation to construct, content and face validity. Setting and background. Since 1996 women with anal sphincter rupture (ASR) at one of the public university hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark have been offered pelvic floor muscle examination and instruction by a specialist physiotherapist. In relation to that, a non-validated questionnaire about anal and urinary incontinence was to be answered six months after childbirth. Method. The original questionnaire was revised and a pilot test was performed among health care personnel, followed by an expert panel discussion. Ten women were interviewed about their understanding and attitude toward answering the questionnaire and it was pre-tested on 52 women with ASR. The questionnaire was revised five times during the validation process. The final version was test-retested among 20 women with ASR. Results. The questionnaire revealed typical problems after ASR. The length, use of language, and the way the questionnaire was constructed, was deemed appropriate. The reliability test showed good to very good correlation (Kappa values from 0.733 to 0.923) in all main questions but one. Two questions needed further explanation. Seven women made minor errors. Conclusion. The validated Danish questionnaire has a good construct, content and face validity. It is a well accepted, reliable, simple and clinically relevant screening tool. It reveals physical problems including sexual problems, impact on quality of life and need for treatment among women 6-8 months after ASR.

Due, Ulla; Ottesen, Marianne

2008-01-01

122

Asthma control measurement using five different questionnaires: A prospective study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Questionnaires play a key place in the assessment of asthma control. Different questionnaires have been developed. However, it remains largely unknown whether they can be used interchangeably. We wondered whether the panel of frequently used scores would give similar measurement of asthma control. The present study aimed to assess the agreement between five specific questionnaires. METHODS: In this prospective study, ninety-nine patients completed five commonly used asthma control scores: the GINA, the Asthma Control Test™, the Royal College of Physician score, the Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire (ATAQ), and the Asthma Control Questionnaire(©) (ACQ). The kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between questionnaires. RESULTS: The agreement between the GINA and other scores was only moderate (kappa coefficients amounted from 0.41 to 0.60). With respect to the "controlled" level, all the other scores gave higher results than GINA. All other scores also tended to underestimate GINA "uncontrolled level". For the "partly controlled level" defined by 3 of the 5 questionnaires, ACQ identified the same percentage of patients than GINA while ATAQ overestimated this percentage. CONCLUSION: This study shows only moderate agreement between five commonly used asthma control scores. The GINA score showed the lowest percentage of controlled and the highest percentage of uncontrolled asthma. As a consequence, all these scores do not seem to evaluate the same symptoms. Trial Registration number: NCT01350661.

Vermeulen F; de Meulder I; Paesmans M; Muylle I; Bruyneel M; Ninane V

2013-09-01

123

The development and evaluation of a questionnaire to assess the impact of vulval intraepithelial neoplasia: a questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a questionnaire to assess the burden of vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) in women. DESIGN: A questionnaire development study. SETTING: Vulval Disorders Clinic serving a regional population. SAMPLE: Fifty-eight women with a histological diagnosis of VIN registered with the Vulval Disorders Clinic. METHODS: A 37-item questionnaire was developed through a comprehensive literature review, consultation with specialist clinicians and pretesting to assess the burden experienced by women. The questionnaire was assessed for validity and reliability against existing questionnaires used in related disease areas. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Spearman correlations were calculated between items in the VIN questionnaire with the scores of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Sabbatsberg Sexual Self-Rating Scale (SSRS) and the Process Outcome Specific Measure (POSM) to assess the new questionnaire's validity. Internal consistency was measured using Cronbach's alpha. Test-retest reliability was calculated using quadratic weighted kappa. RESULTS: The VIN questionnaire had a high degree of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha, 0.89). Test-retest reliability was assessed, with most questions showing a quadratic weighted kappa value of 0.5 or above. Most questions showed a stronger correlation with the corrected total VIN score than with HADS anxiety and depression subscales and the SSRS, indicating discriminant validity. Most questions correlated significantly with the DLQI and POSM scores, indicating convergent validity. CONCLUSIONS: Initial assessment of the VIN questionnaire demonstrated that it is a valid and reliable measure of the burden of disease for women. The questionnaire could be used to compare new and existing treatments for VIN or to assess or monitor the impact of care.

Lockhart J; Gray NM; Cruickshank ME

2013-08-01

124

Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backward linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8). In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example). The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84) for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05). The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was valid and reliable for assessing knowledge regarding child abuse by Portuguese-speaking dentists.

Glaucia Marengo; Ana Paula Borges de Paola; Fernanda Morais Ferreira; Eduardo Pizzatto; Gisele Maria Correr; Estela Maris Losso

2013-01-01

125

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA; MIRELA-CRISTINA VOICU

2011-01-01

126

[Living situation of mentally disabled people with dementia in institutions for the disabled : Results of a questionnaire in Lower Saxony and Bremen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

No empirical data about the topic "Mental Disability and Dementia" in Germany exist. The aim of this survey was to obtain current data about mentally disabled people with dementia. Therefore, the following questions need to be clarified: how many mentally disabled people are affected with dementia, which difficulties occur regarding the diagnosis of dementia and what challenges have to be solved in upcoming years. In all, 45 organisations for the mentally disabled took part in the survey, showing that dementia amongst people with mental disabilities appeared largely starting at the age of 50. Standardized diagnostics are seldom used by these organisations. Instead, observation of behaviour by care attendants plays a central role, due to the fact that speaking and introspection are not possible for a majority of the patients. In general, institutions for people with mental disabilities do not have specific offers for people with dementia, occasionally there are offers regarding their living situation and free time activities.

Wolff C; Müller SV

2013-07-01

127

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

128

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Science.gov (United States)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product treats minor aches and pains associated with headache. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

129

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

130

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

131

Supervision of radiography licensees - using electronic questionnaires  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The results from this questionnaire gave a general view of the state of the radiography practices in Sweden, and the questionnaire hopefully contributed to improve the knowledge of these regulations for the licensees. The largest deficiencies were found in the documentation of the radiation protection organisation as well as documentation of quality assurance and operational statistics. The results of the questionnaire constitute a useful basis for selecting companies for future inspections by SSI. Those who has not answered the questionnaire and are working with site radiography can expect a visit in the near future

2005-01-01

132

The MCS-questionnaire: first results of a new measurement for describing environmental agents and MCS-symptoms; Der MCS-Fragebogen: erste Befunde eines neuen Verfahrens zur Beschreibung MCS-ausloesender Stoffe und Symptome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is a lack in methods to describe and diagnose Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS). A new psychometric questionnaire is presented, containing two lists. List 1 refers to environmental agents that evoke symptoms and List 2 asks for MCS-symptoms. The questionnaire takes into consideration that MCS-symptoms are responses to low level environmental exposure. It also includes environmental agents evoking other diseases than MCS and contains items to control response sets. Together with some other questionnaires (FPI-R, SVF-120, SCL-90-R) the new instrument was tested in a study comparing MCS-patients (n=28) with a patient group suffering from allergy (Type I). The MCS-questionnaire has sufficient reliability and discriminates between the two patient groups very well. The results demonstrate that MCS-patients are no population that reports symptoms by generalizing environmental conditions. The main symptoms of MCS in our group belong to psychic functions of activation and subjective performance. (orig.) [German] Gegenwaertig besteht ein Defizit an Messinstrumenten zur Beschreibung und Diagnostik von multipler chemischer Ueberempfindlichkeit (MCS). Es wird ein neu konzipierter Fragebogen beschrieben, der aus zwei Listen besteht, die die beschwerdeausloesenden Stoffe (Liste 1) und die Symptome/Beschwerdeberichte (Liste 2) erfassen, die in der Literatur zum Stoerungsbild MCS erwaehnt werden. Die Itemformulierungen beruecksichtigen, dass bei MCS die Symptome als Reaktionen auf Umweltbedingungen auftreten, und dass die Beschwerden bei geringer Konzentration eines Umweltstoffes ausgeloest werden. Das Verfahren enthaelt ausserdem Items zur Kontrolle von Umweltstoffen, die andere Stoerungen als MCS ausloesen und Items zur Kontrolle von Zustimmungstendenzen. Es wurde in einer Untersuchung zusammen mit anderen psychometrischen Verfahren (FPI-R, SVF-120, SCL-90-R) bei n=28 Patientinnen mit der Diagnose MCS und n=28 Allergikerinnen (Typ I) als Vergleichsgruppe erprobt. Es weist hinreichende Zuverlaessigkeit auf und trennt sehr gut zwischen den zwei Diagnosegruppen. Die Befunde deuten darauf hin, dass MCS-Patienten keine Population sind, die voellig stimulusgeneralisierend Symptome als Reaktion berichten und dass die Hauptbeschwerden der MCS-Untersuchungsgruppe psychische Stoerungen im Bereich Aktivierung und Leistung sind. (orig.)

Hueppe, M.; Schmucker, P. [Medizinische Univ. Luebeck (Germany). Klinik fuer Anaesthesiologie; Ohnsorge, P.; Krauss, B. [Edith-Stein Fachklinik fuer Neurologie und Orthopaedie, Bad Bergzabern (Germany)

2000-07-01

133

A systematic review of screening questionnaires for childhood lead poisoning.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention encourages the use of risk factor questionnaires to screen children for lead poisoning. A majority of state health departments have formal lead screening guidelines that recommend health care providers use questionnaires. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the ability of lead screening questionnaires to predict lead poisoning risk among children. METHODS: Articles that reported the evaluation of a predesigned lead screening questionnaire were obtained by searching Medline/PubMed and by examining references of articles obtained through the online search. From each evaluation, we abstracted the number of children that were true positive, false positive, true negative, and false negative, according to the results of the screening questionnaire and the follow-up blood lead test. From these data, we calculated specificity and sensitivity of the questionnaire for each evaluation. RESULTS: Twenty articles met the inclusion criteria: these included 28 separate questionnaire evaluations. Among 17 evaluations of the 1991 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention questionnaire, sensitivity ranged from 0.25 to 0.87, specificity from 0.31 to 0.80, and accuracy (sum of sensitivity and specificity) from 0.74 to 1.39. The pooled mean estimates for this questionnaire were sensitivity 0.61 (95% confidence interval: 0.53-0.68); specificity 0.52 (0.45-0.60); accuracy 1.12 (1.06-1.18). Among 11 evaluations of all other questionnaires, sensitivity ranged from 0.43 to 0.90, specificity from 0.17 to 0.66, and accuracy from 0.94 to 1.27. For these questionnaires, the pooled mean estimates were sensitivity 0.76 (0.68-0.85), specificity 0.41 (0.33-0.49), and accuracy 1.12 (1.06-1.18). CONCLUSIONS: Lead screening questionnaires showed a wide range of sensitivity and specificity and performed little better than chance at predicting lead poisoning risk among children.

Ossiander EM

2013-01-01

134

Calidad de vida y cicatrización en pacientes con úlceras de etiología venosa: Validación del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, versión española (CCVUQ-e) y del Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, versión española (PUSH-e). Resultados preliminares Quality of life healing in patints with venous ulcers of etiology: Validation of Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, Spanish version (CCVUQ-e) and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, Spanish version (PUSH-e). Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: en España no se dispone de instrumentos de medida específicos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y de medida de la evolución hacia la cicatrización en pacientes con heridas crónicas, que hayan sido validados mediante la investigación. Disponer de estas herramientas ayudaría a la toma de decisiones y a aumentar la calidad de los cuidados con este tipo de pacientes. Así, los objetivos de este estudio son: a) validar y establecer las propiedades psicométricas, en español, del Cuestionario Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e) para medir CVRS en pacientes con úlceras venosas (UV) y validar y establecer las propiedades clínico-métricas, en español, de la escala Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e) en los mismos pacientes y b) establecer cuál es la CVRS de los pacientes con UV de la muestra estudiada. Material y método: estudio prospectivo de validación de instrumentos, de medidas repetidas. Se estima una muestra de 105 pacientes seleccionados según el estándar internacional para validación de cuestionarios. Procedimiento: durante un periodo de seis semanas, los pacientes son estudiados cada dos semanas, recogiéndose variables relacionadas con la demografía, situación de la patología, úlceras, datos de la CVRS mediante el cuestionario CCVUQ-e y SF-12 V2, datos del tratamiento recibido y datos de cicatrización mediante la Escala PUSH-e. Análisis: cálculo de los indicadores psicométricos y clínicométricos para medir la validez, fiabilidad y sensibilidad al cambio de los instrumentos de medida. Estadística descriptiva de las variables estudiadas. Comparaciones entre las variables de resultado y las explicativas. Resultados: se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio con datos de 27 pacientes con UV. La muestra recoge todas las características típicas de los pacientes con UV. Preliminarmente, el CCUVQ-e presenta buena consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach > 0,80). La correlación entre el CCVUQ-e y el PUSH-e al inicio fue r = 0,49 (p Introduction: in Spain, there is no specific measurement instruments for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and to measuring progress towards healing in patients with chronic wounds that have been validated by research. Having these tools will help the decision-making and improve the quality of care to these patients. Thus, the objectives of this study are: to validate and establish the psychometric properties in Spanish, for "Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e)" to measure HRQOL in patients with venous ulcers (UV) and to validate and establish Clinical-metric properties, in Spanish, for "Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e)" in the same sample. And, to establish what is the HRQOL of patients in the study sample. Methods: prospective validation of instruments, with a repeated measures model. A estimated sample of 105 patients were selected according to international standard for validating questionnaires. Procedure: for a period of 6 weeks, patients were studied every 2 weeks, collecting variables related to demography, status of disease, ulcers, HRQOL data through the questionnaire CCVUQ-e and SF-12 V2, treatments and healing data trough PUSH-e. Analysis: calculation of psychometric indicators and metrics for measuring clinical validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of such instruments. Descriptive statistics of the variables studied. Comparisons of outcome variables. Results: preliminary results of the study with data from 27 patients with UV. The sample contains all the characteristics of patients with UV. Preliminarily, the CCUVQ-e shows good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.80). The correlation between CCVUQ-e and PUSH-e at baseline was r = 0.49 (P < 0.001) and at the end of the study was r = 0.64 (p = 0.006). Sensitivity to change of instruments, as with repeated measures model, is statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: preliminary results show, in both instruments, good psychometric and clinical metrics properties to measure HRQO

Renata Virgina González-Consuegra; José Verdú Soriano

2011-01-01

135

[The assessment of reliability and validity of musculoskeletal questionnaire].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of musculoskeletal questionnaire. METHODS: A self-administered modified musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to investigate 12 098 workers from eight occupations, i.e. coal mining, petroleum, metallurgical, mechanical manufacturing, chemical, garment and railroad transportation industries and education. The Cronbach's ? coefficient, analysis of covariance and multiple logistic regression were used to assess the reliability and validity of musculoskeletal questionnaire. RESULTS: The consistent test between total items of Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and each factor showed that the range of Cronbach's ? was 0.52 ? 0.92, except from vibration factor, other Cronbach's ? was more than 0.7. All 55 items of Musculoskeletal Questionnaire were subjected to factor analysis, and ten latent factors were identified, which explained 55.17% of the total variance. The potentially hazardous working conditions could be categorized into seven dimensions (force, dynamic load, static load, repetitive load, climate factors, vibration exposure and environmental ergonomic factor), which consisted with the theory model. The results of covariance analysis indicated that there were significant difference among 7 dimension indices in different jobs (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The modified Musculoskeletal Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for measuring musculoskeletal workload.

Du WW; Wang S; Wang JX; He LH; Wu SS; Li JY; Yang L; Yu SF; Xia ZL; Li LP; Zhu AP; Liu XF; Zhu ZH

2012-05-01

136

Validities of the Signed and Unsigned Lecture Questionnaires Using the Item Response Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers often raise a question that whether the lecture questionnaires are necessary or not. In this paper, we first show the recent statistical analysis for the official unsigned questionnaire evaluation results took in our faculty. We have found that: (1) the evaluation scores of lectures by students have been rising up year by year, which…

Hirose, Hideo

2011-01-01

137

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas.

Peters ER; Moritz S; Schwannauer M; Wiseman Z; Greenwood KE; Scott J; Beck AT; Donaldson C; Hagen R; Ross K; Veckenstedt R; Ison R; Williams S; Kuipers E; Garety PA

2013-02-01

138

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas. PMID:23413104

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Moritz, Steffen; Schwannauer, Matthias; Wiseman, Zoe; Greenwood, Kathryn E; Scott, Jan; Beck, Aaron T; Donaldson, Catherine; Hagen, Roger; Ross, Kerry; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Ison, Rebecca; Williams, Sally; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Garety, Philippa A

2013-02-27

139

Orthorexia nervosa: validation of a diagnosis questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To validate a questionnaire for the diagnosis of orhorexia oervosa, an eating disorder defined as "maniacal obsession for healthy food". MATERIALS AND METHODS: 525 subjects were enrolled. Then they were randomized into two samples (sample of 404 subjects for the construction of the test for the diagnosis of orthorexia ORTO-15; sample of 121 subjects for the validation of the test). The ORTO-15 questionnaire, validated for the diagnosis of orthorexia, is made-up of 15 multiple-choice items. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The test we proposed for the diagnosis of orthorexia (ORTO 15) showed a good predictive capability at a threshold value of 40 (efficacy 73.8%, sensitivity 55.6% and specificity 75.8%) also on verification with a control sample. However, it has a limit in identifying the obsessive disorder. For this reason we maintain that further investigation is necessary and that new questions useful for the evaluation of the obsessive-compulsive behavior should be added to the ORTO-15 questionnaire.

Donini LM; Marsili D; Graziani MP; Imbriale M; Cannella C

2005-06-01

140

Long-range energy efficiency agreements show results in the foundry sector in the Netherlands; Meerjarenafspraken werpen resultaten af in gieterijbranche  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A brief overview is given of the results of the long-range energy efficiency agreement (MJA, abbreviated in Dutch) between the Dutch government and the foundry sector. [Dutch] Een kort overzicht wordt gegeven van de resultaten van de meerjarenafspraak (MJA) tussen het Ministerie van Economische Zaken en de gieterijen sector.

Koppenol, T. [Rommelse Communicatieadvies, Velserbroek (Netherlands)

2003-04-01

 
 
 
 
141

Combination modality therapy in lung cancer: a survival study showing beneficial results of AMCOF (adriamycin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, oncovin and 5-fluorouracil).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Thirty-seven patients with advanced or recurrent lung cancer were randomized to cytoxan (CTX) alone, COMF (CTX, oncovin, methotrecate and 5-FU) or AMCOF (adriamycin, methotrexate, CTX, oncovin and 5-FU) after receiving radiation therapy to primary and bulky tumor sites. Median survival was 3 months for CTX, 6 months for COMF and 14 months for AMCOF. Analysis of those with cell (small cell) carcinoma showed median survival of 8.5 months. Oat cell cases treated with CTX survived 5 months (8 patients) with COMF 7.5 months (15 patients) and with AMCOF 13 months (14 patients). The median survival of those with adenocarcinoma or epidermoid carcinoma treated with CTX survived 3 months, with COMF 6 months and with AMCOF 15.5 months. Toxicity was moderate though no life-theatening toxicity developed in spite of the protocol design of escalation to achieve some degree of hematologic toxicity in all patients.

Reynolds RD; O'Dell S

1978-08-01

142

Genetic susceptibility to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia shows protection in Malay boys: results from the Malaysia-Singapore ALL Study Group.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To study genetic epidemiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Chinese and Malays, we investigated 10 polymorphisms encoding carcinogen- or folate-metabolism and transport. Sex-adjusted analysis showed NQO1 609CT significantly protects against ALL, whilst MTHFR 677CT confers marginal protection. Interestingly, we observed that NQO1 609CT and MTHFR 1298 C-allele have greater genetic impact in boys than in girls. The combination of SLC19A1 80GA heterozygosity and 3'-TYMS -6bp/-6bp homozygous deletion is associated with reduced ALL risk in Malay boys. Our study has suggested the importance of gender and race in modulating ALL susceptibility via the folate metabolic pathway.

Yeoh AE; Lu Y; Chan JY; Chan YH; Ariffin H; Kham SK; Quah TC

2010-03-01

143

Genetic susceptibility to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia shows protection in Malay boys: results from the Malaysia-Singapore ALL Study Group.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study genetic epidemiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Chinese and Malays, we investigated 10 polymorphisms encoding carcinogen- or folate-metabolism and transport. Sex-adjusted analysis showed NQO1 609CT significantly protects against ALL, whilst MTHFR 677CT confers marginal protection. Interestingly, we observed that NQO1 609CT and MTHFR 1298 C-allele have greater genetic impact in boys than in girls. The combination of SLC19A1 80GA heterozygosity and 3'-TYMS -6bp/-6bp homozygous deletion is associated with reduced ALL risk in Malay boys. Our study has suggested the importance of gender and race in modulating ALL susceptibility via the folate metabolic pathway. PMID:19651439

Yeoh, Allen Eng-Juh; Lu, Yi; Chan, Jason Yong-Sheng; Chan, Yiong Huak; Ariffin, Hany; Kham, Shirley Kow-Yin; Quah, Thuan Chong

2009-08-03

144

A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE: REPRODUCIBILITY AND VALIDITY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study evaluates the Quantification de L'Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self-administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá's schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a different random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it. Reproducibility was assessed using both the Bland-Altman plot and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). The validity was studied in a sample of 18 girls and 18 boys randomly selected, which completed the test - re-test study. The DEE derived from the questionnaire was compared with the laboratory measurement results of the peak oxygen uptake (Peak VO2) from ergo-spirometry and Leger Test. The reproducibility ICC was 0.96 (95% C.I. 0.95-0.97); by age categories 8-10, 0.94 (0.89-0. 97); 11-13, 0.98 (0.96- 0.99); 14-16, 0.95 (0.91-0.98). The ICC between mean TEE as estimated by the questionnaire and the direct and indirect Peak VO2 was 0.76 (0.66) (p<0.01); by age categories, 8-10, 11-13, and 14-16 were 0.89 (0.87), 0.76 (0.78) and 0.88 (0.80) respectively. The QAPACE questionnaire is reproducible and valid for estimating PA and showed a high correlation with the Peak VO2 uptake

Nicolas Barbosa; Carlos E. Sanchez; Jose A. Vera; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

2007-01-01

145

Dream of vibration and acoustics technology in 21 century. ; Report on the result of investigation by questionnaire. Shindo onkyo gijutsu ni kansuru 21 seiki eno yume; Ankeito chosa kekka no hokoku  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A investigation was conducted by questionnaire on comparatively realistic expectation and estimation of vibration and acoustic technology in 21st century. As investigated items, review and forecast, measurement, analysis, application, were selected, and in addition to them, dream and expectation were included. As the result of investigation, those were understood that much attention was directed to noise of internal combution engine, that measurement of noise at extreme conditions and convenient measuring instrument were expected, that development of soft-ware for analytical estimation of noise and vibration was required, and that, as the development of hardware, noiseless transportation machine was interested. As a dream, it was indicated that development of new materials was expected.

Numano, M. (Ministry of Transport, Tokyo (Japan). Ship Research Inst.)

1990-09-01

146

Calidad de vida y cicatrización en pacientes con úlceras de etiología venosa: Validación del Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, versión española (CCVUQ-e) y del Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, versión española (PUSH-e). Resultados preliminares/ Quality of life healing in patints with venous ulcers of etiology: Validation of Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire, Spanish version (CCVUQ-e) and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing, Spanish version (PUSH-e). Preliminary results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: en España no se dispone de instrumentos de medida específicos de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y de medida de la evolución hacia la cicatrización en pacientes con heridas crónicas, que hayan sido validados mediante la investigación. Disponer de estas herramientas ayudaría a la toma de decisiones y a aumentar la calidad de los cuidados con este tipo de pacientes. Así, los objetivos de este estudio son: a) validar y establecer las pr (more) opiedades psicométricas, en español, del Cuestionario Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (CCVUQ-e) para medir CVRS en pacientes con úlceras venosas (UV) y validar y establecer las propiedades clínico-métricas, en español, de la escala Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e) en los mismos pacientes y b) establecer cuál es la CVRS de los pacientes con UV de la muestra estudiada. Material y método: estudio prospectivo de validación de instrumentos, de medidas repetidas. Se estima una muestra de 105 pacientes seleccionados según el estándar internacional para validación de cuestionarios. Procedimiento: durante un periodo de seis semanas, los pacientes son estudiados cada dos semanas, recogiéndose variables relacionadas con la demografía, situación de la patología, úlceras, datos de la CVRS mediante el cuestionario CCVUQ-e y SF-12 V2, datos del tratamiento recibido y datos de cicatrización mediante la Escala PUSH-e. Análisis: cálculo de los indicadores psicométricos y clínicométricos para medir la validez, fiabilidad y sensibilidad al cambio de los instrumentos de medida. Estadística descriptiva de las variables estudiadas. Comparaciones entre las variables de resultado y las explicativas. Resultados: se presentan los resultados preliminares del estudio con datos de 27 pacientes con UV. La muestra recoge todas las características típicas de los pacientes con UV. Preliminarmente, el CCUVQ-e presenta buena consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach > 0,80). La correlación entre el CCVUQ-e y el PUSH-e al inicio fue r = 0,49 (p Abstract in english Introduction: in Spain, there is no specific measurement instruments for Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and to measuring progress towards healing in patients with chronic wounds that have been validated by research. Having these tools will help the decision-making and improve the quality of care to these patients. Thus, the objectives of this study are: to validate and establish the psychometric properties in Spanish, for "Charing Cross Venous Ulcer Questionnaire (more) (CCVUQ-e)" to measure HRQOL in patients with venous ulcers (UV) and to validate and establish Clinical-metric properties, in Spanish, for "Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH-e)" in the same sample. And, to establish what is the HRQOL of patients in the study sample. Methods: prospective validation of instruments, with a repeated measures model. A estimated sample of 105 patients were selected according to international standard for validating questionnaires. Procedure: for a period of 6 weeks, patients were studied every 2 weeks, collecting variables related to demography, status of disease, ulcers, HRQOL data through the questionnaire CCVUQ-e and SF-12 V2, treatments and healing data trough PUSH-e. Analysis: calculation of psychometric indicators and metrics for measuring clinical validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of such instruments. Descriptive statistics of the variables studied. Comparisons of outcome variables. Results: preliminary results of the study with data from 27 patients with UV. The sample contains all the characteristics of patients with UV. Preliminarily, the CCUVQ-e shows good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha > 0.80). The correlation between CCVUQ-e and PUSH-e at baseline was r = 0.49 (P

González-Consuegra, Renata Virgina; Verdú Soriano, José

2011-09-01

147

A second generation cervico-vaginal lavage device shows similar performance as its preceding version with respect to DNA yield and HPV DNA results  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Attendance rates of cervical screening programs can be increased by offering HPV self-sampling to non-attendees. Acceptability, DNA yield, lavage volumes and choice of hrHPV test can influence effectiveness of the self-sampling procedures and could therefore play a role in recruiting non-attendees. To increase user-friendliness, a frequently used lavage sampler was modified. In this study, we compared this second generation lavage device with the first generation device within similar birth cohorts. Methods Within a large self-sampling cohort-study among non-responders of the Dutch cervical screening program, a subset of 2,644 women received a second generation self-sampling lavage device, while 11,977 women, matched for age and ZIP-code, received the first generation model. The second generation device was different in shape, color, lavage volume, and packaging, in comparison to its first generation model. The Cochran’s test was used to compare both devices for hrHPV positivity rate and response rate. To correct for possible heterogeneity between age and ZIP codes in both groups the Breslow-Day test of homogeneity was used. A T-test was utilized to compare DNA yields of the obtained material in both groups. Results Median DNA yields were 90.4 ?g/ml (95% CI 83.2-97.5) and 91.1 ?g/ml (95% CI 77.8-104.4, p= 0.726) and hrHPV positivity rates were 8.2% and 6.9% (p= 0.419) per sample self-collected by the second - and the first generation of the device (p= 0.726), respectively. In addition, response rates were comparable for the two models (35.4% versus 34.4%, p= 0.654). Conclusions Replacing the first generation self-sampling device by an ergonomically improved, second generation device resulted in equal DNA yields, comparable hrHPV positivity rates and similar response rates. Therefore, it can be concluded that the clinical performance of the first and second generation models are similar. Moreover, participation of non-attendees in cervical cancer screening is probably not predominantly determined by the type of self-collection device.

2013-01-01

148

MEASUREMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF DIET-RELATED PSYCHOSOCIAL QUESTIONNAIRES AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN PARENTS AND THEIR 8- TO 10-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTERS: RESULTS FROM THE GIRLS' HEALTH ENRICHMENT MULTI-SITE STUDIES.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the reliability and validity of several diet-related psychosocial questionnaires. At baseline and 12 weeks follow-up, parents/caregivers of one hundred fifty 8- to 10-year-old African-American completed questionnaires on food preparation habits for their daughter, perceived home ...

149

The Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia questionnaire: Development and validation of a new questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire (Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia (GRIX) questionnaire) that has the ability to distinguish between patient-rated xerostomia during day and night and can be used to evaluate the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at prevention of xerostomia in more detail. Materials and methods: All questions in the GRIX were generated from an exhaustive list of relevant questions according to xerostomia as reported in the literature and reported by patients and health care providers. Finally the GRIX was reduced from 56 questions to a 14-item questionnaire, with four subscales; xerostomia during day and night and sticky saliva during day and night. 315 patients filled out 2936 questionnaires and the GRIX was evaluated by calculating Crohnbach's ? for all subscales. Criterion validity was evaluated to compare the GRIX with patient-rated xerostomia scored with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 and physician-rated xerostomia, test-retest analysis and responsiveness were also tested. Results: Crohnbach's ? varied for all subscales between 0.88 and 0.94. The GRIX scored well for criterion-related validity on all subscales with high correlations with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 xerostomia and sticky saliva scale as well with physician-rated toxicity scoring. No significant differences were found between test and retest score and the GRIX showed good responsiveness with different time points for all subscales. Conclusion: The GRIX is a validated questionnaire which can be used in future research focusing on patient-rated xerostomia and sticky saliva during day and night in relation with the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at reduction of xerostomia.

2010-01-01

150

Unique treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan. Results of a questionnaire distributed to members of the Japanese Society of Thyroid Surgery and the International Association of Endocrine Surgeons  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although surgery has been the mainstay of treatment for patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer, the extents of thyroid resection and lymph node dissection adopted in Japan differ from those in other countries. Furthermore, regarding the indications for postoperative radiation therapy and hormonal therapy, and treatment modalities for cancer recurrence, there are marked discrepancies between Japan and other countries. A questionnaire survey was thus conducted among domestic and overseas thyroid surgeons to ascertain the actual treatment policy for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in Japan and various foreign countries. For small papillary carcinomas of 2.0 cm or less (T1), thyroid resection was more extensive in foreign countries than in Japan, although the extent of lymph node dissection was limited in the former. For large papillary carcinomas exceeding 3.0 cm (T2), on the other hand, total thyroidectomy was the treatment of first choice for all overseas respondents, but of only 20% in Japan, despite lymph node dissection being more extensive in Japan than in other countries. Overseas surgeons were much more likely to favor postoperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy and high-dose 131I therapy. For recurrence following surgery for papillary thyroid cancer, both domestic and overseas respondents indicated surgical resection to be the most common treatment option, and favored high-dose 131I therapy as well. In Japan, however, high-dose 131I therapy is available only in a few institutions. Such limited indications for high-dose 131I therapy in Japan may reflect a discrepancy in the frequency of total thyroidectomy, a prerequisite for postoperative high-dose 131I therapy, between Japan and other countries. This is the first questionnaire study conducted in both Japan and other countries in relation to treatment modalities for thyroid cancer. The results reveal that there is a clear disparity in treatment policies between Japan and foreign countries. (author)

2006-01-01

151

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: electrolytes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual tradition at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time using audience response devices with the answers of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best-answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (the authors). The correct and incorrect answers then were briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article tries to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580788

Palmer, Biff F; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

152

Validation of a chronotype questionnaire including an amplitude dimension.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this paper was to validate a French version of the Chronotype Questionnaire (Ogi?ska, 2011, Pers. Individ. Dif. 50:1039-1043), which represents an interesting novelty in the psychometric assessment of chronotype, because it comprises not only an assessment of the morningness-eveningness (ME) dimension, but also a distinctness (DI) dimension (i.e., amplitude), which represents the range of diurnal variation. In study 1, we aimed to confirm the structure of the Chronotype Questionnaire, with two different samples, young adults (n = 338, mean ± SD = 18.70 ± 1.12 yrs, 244 men and 94 women) and old adults (n = 477, mean ± SD = 55.92 ± 11.9 yrs, 168 men and 310 women). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated a poor fit in both samples as well as in the whole sample, which could be due to some inconsistencies in the original instrument, above all in the distinctness dimension. We therefore decided to revise the Chronotype Questionnaire, keeping the ME dimension, but refining the DI dimension. In study 2, with a new sample of 197 participants (mean ± SD = 22.71 ± 2.23 yrs, 105 men and 92 women), we examined the factor structure of the revised scale containing 18 items. The resulting questionnaire contained 16 items (i.e., 8 items on each scale), with item factor loadings higher than .45. In study 3, we aimed to confirm the factor structure of the instrument developed in study 2 as well as to examine its convergent validity, with a new sample of 158 participants (mean ± SD = 55.92 ± 11.9 yrs, 97 men and 61 women). Results of the CFA showed that a good fit of the model could be obtained with 16 items in the questionnaire. The new questionnaire derived from the original Chronotype Questionnaire was from now on called the Caen Chronotype Questionnaire (CCQ). Convergence validity was obtained with the Horne and Östberg questionnaire and the ME scale of the CCQ, showing a negative significant relationship (r = -.82). The CCQ showed promising psychometric qualities, and further research should aim to combine it with physiological variables. PMID:23510464

Dosseville, Fabrice; Laborde, Sylvain; Lericollais, Romain

2013-03-20

153

Validation of a chronotype questionnaire including an amplitude dimension.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this paper was to validate a French version of the Chronotype Questionnaire (Ogi?ska, 2011, Pers. Individ. Dif. 50:1039-1043), which represents an interesting novelty in the psychometric assessment of chronotype, because it comprises not only an assessment of the morningness-eveningness (ME) dimension, but also a distinctness (DI) dimension (i.e., amplitude), which represents the range of diurnal variation. In study 1, we aimed to confirm the structure of the Chronotype Questionnaire, with two different samples, young adults (n = 338, mean ± SD = 18.70 ± 1.12 yrs, 244 men and 94 women) and old adults (n = 477, mean ± SD = 55.92 ± 11.9 yrs, 168 men and 310 women). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated a poor fit in both samples as well as in the whole sample, which could be due to some inconsistencies in the original instrument, above all in the distinctness dimension. We therefore decided to revise the Chronotype Questionnaire, keeping the ME dimension, but refining the DI dimension. In study 2, with a new sample of 197 participants (mean ± SD = 22.71 ± 2.23 yrs, 105 men and 92 women), we examined the factor structure of the revised scale containing 18 items. The resulting questionnaire contained 16 items (i.e., 8 items on each scale), with item factor loadings higher than .45. In study 3, we aimed to confirm the factor structure of the instrument developed in study 2 as well as to examine its convergent validity, with a new sample of 158 participants (mean ± SD = 55.92 ± 11.9 yrs, 97 men and 61 women). Results of the CFA showed that a good fit of the model could be obtained with 16 items in the questionnaire. The new questionnaire derived from the original Chronotype Questionnaire was from now on called the Caen Chronotype Questionnaire (CCQ). Convergence validity was obtained with the Horne and Östberg questionnaire and the ME scale of the CCQ, showing a negative significant relationship (r = -.82). The CCQ showed promising psychometric qualities, and further research should aim to combine it with physiological variables.

Dosseville F; Laborde S; Lericollais R

2013-06-01

154

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

155

Acromegaly Quality of Life Questionnaire (AcroQoL)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Acromegaly is a chronic disease with an important impact on patients, Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The ability to effectively measure Health Related Quality of Life is central to describing the impacts of disease or treatment upon the patient, therefore the importance of having a disease specific questionnaire for acromegaly. For the development of the AcroQoL questionnaire different sources of information were used: first a literature search was performed to identify relevant papers describing the impact of acromegaly in HRQoL, second the main domains of impact on HRQoL were identified by 10 experts endocrinologists, and third ten in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted in acromegalic patients to identify domains and items related to the self-perceived impact of acromegaly in patients' life. After a proper qualitative analysis a preliminary 38 item questionnaire was obtained. Rasch analysis concluded with a final 22 item questionnaire. The measurement properties (validity and reliability) of the resulting final questionnaire were tested and compared using standard procedures (Cronbach's Alpha and item-total correlation). The evaluation of the item parameters confirmed the construct validity of the new instrument. Responsiveness to change was assessed in a small sample of 32 acromegalic patients with active disease in Spain who were administered the AcroQoL and the generic questionnaire EuroQoL 5-D. The results showed a statistically significant relationship between all the dimensions of AcroQoL and the VAS (visual analogic scale) of EQ-5D. An improvement in the global score of AcroQoL was related to a global improvement in the VAS of the EQ-5D. Following the current recommended standard methodology the Spanish questionnaire was translated into eleven other languages.

Badia Xavier; Webb Susan M; Prieto Luis; Lara Nuria

2004-01-01

156

Abbreviated Psychologic Questionnaires Are Valid in Patients With Hand Conditions.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) can help hand surgeons identify opportunities for psychologic support, but they are time consuming. If easier-to-use tools were available and valid, they might be widely adopted. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We tested the validity of shorter versions of the PCS and SHAI, the PCS-4 and the SHAI-5, by assessing: (1) the difference in mean scaled scores of the short and long questionnaires; (2) floor and ceiling effects between the short and long questionnaires; (3) correlation between the short questionnaires and the outcome measures (an indication of construct validity); and (4) variability in disability and pain, between the short and long questionnaires. METHODS: One hundred sixty-four new or followup adult patients in one hand surgery clinic completed the SHAI-18, SHAI-5, PCS-13, PCS-4, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9, PHQ-2, DASH, and QuickDASH questionnaires, and an ordinal pain scale, as part of a prospective cross-sectional study. Mean scores for the short and long questionnaires were compared with paired t-tests. Floor and ceiling effects were calculated. Pearson's correlation was used to assess the correlation between the short and long questionnaires and with outcome measures. Regression analyses were performed to find predictors of pain and disability. RESULTS: There were small, but significant differences between the mean scores for the DASH and QuickDASH (QuickDASH higher), SHAI-18 and SHAI-5 (SHAI-18 higher), and PCS-13 and PCS-4 (PCS-4 higher), but not the PHQ-9 and PHQ-2. Floor effects ranged between 0% and 65% and ceiling effects between 0% and 3%. There were greater floor effects for the PHQ-2 than for the PHQ-9, but floor and ceiling effects were otherwise comparable for the other short and long questionnaires. All questionnaires showed convergent and divergent validity and criterion validity was shown in multivariable analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Content validity, construct convergent validity, and criterion validity were established for the short versions of the PCS and SHAI. Using shorter forms creates small differences in mean values that we believe are unlikely to affect study results and are more efficient and advantageous because of the decreased responder burden. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, diagnostic study. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Bot AG; Becker SJ; van Dijk CN; Ring D; Vranceanu AM

2013-08-01

157

Dimensionality of the Body Symptom Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A good deal of recent research on somatic discomfort has employed the Body Symptom Questionnaire of Fisher and Greenberg to quantify the perceived location of the somatic discomfort. Certain formal psychometric properties of the instrument have not yet been established, and it is the purpose of this paper to do so. Specifically, since the independence of the questionnaire scales has not been determined, it is a primary focus of this discussion. A principal axis method of factoring showed that the Body Symptom Questionnaire scales are orthogonal to each other.

Reihman J; Fisher S; Greenberg RP

1982-12-01

158

[The ZZP Questionnaire. Reliability of a new resource utilization measure  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Data to determine the resource utilization of care recipients need to be reliable and the items that are measured need to be useful. In 2006, the Dutch Ministry of Health and Welfare has mandated all nursing homes and homes for the elderly to measure the Resource Utilization of all residents with the ZZP Questionnaire. Are the data resulting from this measurement reliable and is each of the 54 items of the ZZP Questionnaire useful? To answer this we tested the reliability of the data in a nursing home and a home for the elderly in two wards each. For 122 residents questionnaires were completed such that the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the answers could be assessed. Ten of the 54 items in the questionnaire showed insufficient inter rater reliability (<0.40) on the weighted Cohen kappa and another sixteen moderate (0.40 - 0.60). On the intra rater reliability test seven items had an insufficient kappa and another fifteen moderate. Besides, ten clusters of items could be formed with in-cluster Spearman correlation rates of .75 or higher. From the results of the reliability tests and the item intercorrelation rates we concluded that a substantial number of items needs to be improved and that in the ZZP Questionnaire 15 of the 54 items appear to be redundant on statistical grounds.

Frijters DH; Achterberg WP

2007-08-01

159

[The ZZP Questionnaire. Reliability of a new resource utilization measure].  

Science.gov (United States)

Data to determine the resource utilization of care recipients need to be reliable and the items that are measured need to be useful. In 2006, the Dutch Ministry of Health and Welfare has mandated all nursing homes and homes for the elderly to measure the Resource Utilization of all residents with the ZZP Questionnaire. Are the data resulting from this measurement reliable and is each of the 54 items of the ZZP Questionnaire useful? To answer this we tested the reliability of the data in a nursing home and a home for the elderly in two wards each. For 122 residents questionnaires were completed such that the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the answers could be assessed. Ten of the 54 items in the questionnaire showed insufficient inter rater reliability (<0.40) on the weighted Cohen kappa and another sixteen moderate (0.40 - 0.60). On the intra rater reliability test seven items had an insufficient kappa and another fifteen moderate. Besides, ten clusters of items could be formed with in-cluster Spearman correlation rates of .75 or higher. From the results of the reliability tests and the item intercorrelation rates we concluded that a substantial number of items needs to be improved and that in the ZZP Questionnaire 15 of the 54 items appear to be redundant on statistical grounds. PMID:17879821

Frijters, D H M; Achterberg, W P

2007-08-01

160

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

Science.gov (United States)

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

 
 
 
 
161

QUESTIONNAIRE 5YR 2013  

CERN Multimedia

CERN must remain the centre of excellence that it has been for the last sixty years. Therefore, the Organization must continue to be able to attract, motivate and retain the best specialists coming from all the Member States. This is why, every five years, on the occasion of a five-yearly review, our employment conditions are compared with bodies having similar activities.In order to prepare the next five-yearly review, the topics of which will be decided by the CERN Council in June 2014, the Staff Association has drawn up a questionnaire that gives you the opportunity to tell us what you think about your current employment conditions. You can also indicate how you wish to see them evolve, and to help you we present some proposals for improvement on which you can give your opinion. Above all, do not hesitate, by using the comments’ fields available in the questionnaire, to formulate your own suggestions in all areas of your conditions of employment that are of interest to you. Your replies will hel...

Association du personnel

2013-01-01

162

Prodromal Questionnaire: translation, adaptation to Portuguese and preliminary results in ultra-high risk individuals and first episode psychosis/ Questionário Prodromal: tradução, adaptação para o português e resultados preliminares em indivíduos de ultra-alto risco e primeiro episódio psicótico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O Questionário Prodromal (PQ) é um instrumento de triagem e autorrelato com 92 itens para indivíduos com ultra-alto risco (UHR) para desenvolver psicose. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a tradução desse questionário para português e seus resultados preliminares em uma amostra brasileira de UHR e primeiro episódio (FE) psicótico. MÉTODOS: O PQ foi traduzido do inglês para o português por dois pesquisadores bilíngues do programa de pesquisa s (more) obre psicose precoce do Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brasil (ASAS "Avaliação e Acompanhamento de Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos em São Paulo") e retrotraduzido por dois outros pesquisadores. Os participantes (n = 11) do estudo foram avaliados por meio da versão em português do Questionário de Prodromal (PQ) e SIPS. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos com UHR (n = 7) apresentaram menor pontuação do que os pacientes de primeiro episódio (n = 4). Os escores médios e desvio-padrão dos indivíduos de UHR na versão em português do PQ foram: 13,0 ± 10,0 pontos na subescala de sintomas positivos, e dos pacientes de primeiro episódio: 33,0 ± 10,0. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo os indivíduos de UHR e pacientes de FE apresentaram pontuação do PQ semelhantes às encontradas na literatura, o que sugere a possibilidade de usar a PQ como um instrumento de triagem em indivíduos brasileiros que apresentam comportamento de procura de ajuda. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) is a 92-item self-report screening tool for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) to develop psychosis. This study aims to present the translation to Portuguese and preliminary results in UHR and first episode (FE) psychosis in a Portuguese sample. METHODS: The PQ was translated from English to Portuguese by two bilingual researchers from the research program on early psychosis of the Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, (more) Brazil (ASAS - "Evaluation and Follow up of Adolescents and Young Adults in São Paulo") and back translated by two other researchers. The study participants (n = 11-) were evaluated through the Portuguese version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and SIPS. RESULTS: The individuals at UHR (n = 7) presented a lower score than first episode patients (n = 4). The UHR mean scores and standard deviation on Portuguese version of the PQ were: 13.0 ± 10.0 points on positive symptoms subscale, and FE patients: 33.0 ± 10.0. CONCLUSION: The UHR and FE patients' of this study presented PQ scores similar to the ones found in the literature; what suggests that it is possible to use the PQ in Brazilian help-seeking individuals as a screening tool.

Gonçalves, Priscila Dib; Martins, Paula Andreia; Gordon, Pedro; Louzã, Mário

2012-01-01

163

Prodromal Questionnaire: translation, adaptation to Portuguese and preliminary results in ultra-high risk individuals and first episode psychosis Questionário Prodromal: tradução, adaptação para o português e resultados preliminares em indivíduos de ultra-alto risco e primeiro episódio psicótico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) is a 92-item self-report screening tool for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) to develop psychosis. This study aims to present the translation to Portuguese and preliminary results in UHR and first episode (FE) psychosis in a Portuguese sample. METHODS: The PQ was translated from English to Portuguese by two bilingual researchers from the research program on early psychosis of the Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil (ASAS - "Evaluation and Follow up of Adolescents and Young Adults in São Paulo") and back translated by two other researchers. The study participants (n = 11-) were evaluated through the Portuguese version of the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and SIPS. RESULTS: The individuals at UHR (n = 7) presented a lower score than first episode patients (n = 4). The UHR mean scores and standard deviation on Portuguese version of the PQ were: 13.0 ± 10.0 points on positive symptoms subscale, and FE patients: 33.0 ± 10.0. CONCLUSION: The UHR and FE patients' of this study presented PQ scores similar to the ones found in the literature; what suggests that it is possible to use the PQ in Brazilian help-seeking individuals as a screening tool.OBJETIVO: O Questionário Prodromal (PQ) é um instrumento de triagem e autorrelato com 92 itens para indivíduos com ultra-alto risco (UHR) para desenvolver psicose. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar a tradução desse questionário para português e seus resultados preliminares em uma amostra brasileira de UHR e primeiro episódio (FE) psicótico. MÉTODOS: O PQ foi traduzido do inglês para o português por dois pesquisadores bilíngues do programa de pesquisa sobre psicose precoce do Instituto de Psiquiatria HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brasil (ASAS "Avaliação e Acompanhamento de Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos em São Paulo") e retrotraduzido por dois outros pesquisadores. Os participantes (n = 11) do estudo foram avaliados por meio da versão em português do Questionário de Prodromal (PQ) e SIPS. RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos com UHR (n = 7) apresentaram menor pontuação do que os pacientes de primeiro episódio (n = 4). Os escores médios e desvio-padrão dos indivíduos de UHR na versão em português do PQ foram: 13,0 ± 10,0 pontos na subescala de sintomas positivos, e dos pacientes de primeiro episódio: 33,0 ± 10,0. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo os indivíduos de UHR e pacientes de FE apresentaram pontuação do PQ semelhantes às encontradas na literatura, o que sugere a possibilidade de usar a PQ como um instrumento de triagem em indivíduos brasileiros que apresentam comportamento de procura de ajuda.

Priscila Dib Gonçalves; Paula Andreia Martins; Pedro Gordon; Mário Louzã

2012-01-01

164

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Science.gov (United States)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – If stomach pain occurs while taking this product, you can continue to use ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

165

Evaluating Multilingual Questionnaires: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to develop an assessment tool to evaluate multilingual questionnaires by categorizing the types of translation issues that can lead to measurement errors in crosscultural surveys. Based on the results of two multilingual projects that cogn...

M. Fond Y. Pan

2011-01-01

166

Questionnaire discrimination: (re)-introducing coefficient ?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Questionnaires are used routinely in clinical research to measure health status and quality of life. Questionnaire measurements are traditionally formally assessed by indices of reliability (the degree of measurement error) and validity (the extent to which the questionnaire measures what it is supposed to measure). Neither of these indices assesses the degree to which the questionnaire is able to discriminate between individuals, an important aspect of measurement. This paper introduces and extends an existing index of a questionnaire's ability to distinguish between individuals, that is, the questionnaire's discrimination. Methods Ferguson (1949) 1 derived an index of test discrimination, coefficient ?, for psychometric tests with dichotomous (correct/incorrect) items. In this paper a general form of the formula, ?G, is derived for the more general class of questionnaires allowing for several response choices. The calculation and characteristics of ?G are then demonstrated using questionnaire data (GHQ-12) from 2003–2004 British Household Panel Survey (N = 14761). Coefficients for reliability (?) and discrimination (?G) are computed for two commonly-used GHQ-12 coding methods: dichotomous coding and four-point Likert-type coding. Results Both scoring methods were reliable (? > 0.88). However, ?G was substantially lower (0.73) for the dichotomous coding of the GHQ-12 than for the Likert-type method (?G = 0.96), indicating that the dichotomous coding, although reliable, failed to discriminate between individuals. Conclusion Coefficient ?G was shown to have decisive utility in distinguishing between the cross-sectional discrimination of two equally reliable scoring methods. Ferguson's ? has been neglected in discussions of questionnaire design and performance, perhaps because it has not been implemented in software and was restricted to questionnaires with dichotomous items, which are rare in health care research. It is suggested that the more general formula introduced here is reported as ?G, to avoid the implication that items are dichotomously coded.

Hankins Matthew

2007-01-01

167

ATBC Study - Questionnaires and Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip to Main Content Home Contact Us Links Study Details Questionnaires & Forms Current Projects ATBC Study Bibliography Study Investigators & Collaborators Proposal Review & Collaboration Research Consortium Projects Questionnaires & Forms Baseline

168

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

169

Diagnostic accuracy of two questionnaires for the detection of neuropathic pain in the Spanish population.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Several questionnaires have been developed for the detection of neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) pain scale and the Douleur Neuropathique en 4 questions (DN4) questionnaire for the detection of peripheral neuropathic pain in the Spanish population, and to analyse in detail the diagnostic quality of each item in these questionnaires. METHODS: A total of 192 patients were enrolled. We compared the validity of the DN4 and LANSS questionnaires by studying sensitivity and specificity and using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. We also analysed the validity of each item in the questionnaires. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the DN4 questionnaire with an accepted cut-off value of ?4 was 95.04% and that of the LANSS questionnaire with an accepted cut-off value of ?12 was 80.17%. The specificity of the DN4 instrument was 97.18% and that of the LANSS instrument was 100%. The estimated area under the ROC curve (95% confidence interval) was 0.989 (0.977-1) for the DN4 instrument and 0.973 (0.956-0.991) for the LANSS questionnaire. The area under the ROC curve was significantly larger for the DN4 than the LANSS questionnaire (p?showed that tingling and numbness in the DN4 tool, and light touch pain and altered pinprick threshold in the LANSS scale, were the most important features of neuropathic pain. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that although both questionnaires are good screening tools, the DN4 questionnaire is particularly recommended for identifying patients with neuropathic pain in clinical practice and research studies.

Hamdan A; Luna JD; Del Pozo E; Gálvez R

2013-06-01

170

The Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire predicts dietary fat intake in African American women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To develop a behavioral assessment of eating that would be predictive of fat intake in African American women. DESIGN: Questionnaires were developed using a three-stage design, involving item generation, item refinement, and questionnaire validation. SUBJECTS: Focus groups sessions were conducted with 40 African American women, initial questionnaire development employed 80 African American women, and questionnaire validation involved 310 African American women from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Statistical analyses Transcripts of focus groups were used to generate 113 behavioral questionnaire items. The initial questionnaire was administered along with a food frequency questionnaire, and the item pool was reduced to 51 items. Factor analysis was used to create subscales. Correlation (r) and multiple regression analysis (R) were used to evaluate construct validity. RESULTS: Factor analysis revealed six subscales: low-fat eating, emotional eating, snacking on sweets, cultural/ethnic, haphazard planning, and meal skipping. The scales are significant predictors of micronutrient (R values from 0.22 to 0.47) and macronutrient intakes (R values from 0.33 to 0.58) assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and show construct validity in relationship to other measures of eating behavior (r values from 0.22 to 0.65). APPLICATIONS: The Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ) may be a useful tool for clinical assessment, clinical and community nutrition intervention studies, and epidemiologic research with African American women.

Schlundt DG; Hargreaves MK; Buchowski MS

2003-03-01

171

Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC]) and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA]).Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.; Holas, Pawe?

2013-01-01

172

Síntomas del tracto urinario inferior en la mujer y afectación de la calidad de vida: Resultados de la aplicación del King´s Health Questionnaire/ Lower urinary tract symptoms in women and impact on quality of life: Results of the application of the king's health questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Fundamento: La auto-evaluación de la calidad de vida (CV) de las mujeres con síntomas urinarios puede ayudar a decidir la estrategia de tratamiento más adecuada en cada caso. Método: Estudio epidemiológico, observacional, transversal y multicéntrico de 674 mujeres que acudieron a una consulta de ginecología con síntomas sugestivos de Vejiga Hiperactiva, con o sin incontinencia urinaria(IU). Todas ellas cumplimentaron por escrito el King's Health Questionnaire(KHQ) (more) . Además se recogieron datos sociodemográficos y un registro de los síntomas urinarios de la dimensión de síntomas del KHQ y el grado de afectación que producían. Resultados: Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron "aumento de frecuencia miccional" (612 mujeres-90,8%), seguido de "urgencia" (562-83,4%), "nocturia" (543-80,6%) e "IU de Esfuerzo" (535-79,4%). Los síntomas "frecuencia", "nocturia", "urgencia" e "IU por urgencia" fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres de 65 o más años y el de "IU de esfuerzo" en las menores de esa edad (79,8% vs 77,9%). 210 mujeres no cumplimentaron todas las dimensiones del KHQ, siendo las menos contestadas: "Limitaciones Físicas"(35,7%), "Relaciones Personales"(29,5%), "Limitaciones Sociales"(29%) e "Impacto de la IU"(28,6%). La puntuación total del KHQ fue 38,3 (DE=19,2). Las mayores puntuaciones (peor CV) corresponden a "Impacto de la IU", "Afectación por Problemas Urinarios", "Limitaciones Físicas" y "Limitaciones en las Actividades Cotidianas". Las variables asociadas a la puntuación global del KHQ fueron (regresión lineal múltiple): edad, IMC, IU por urgencia, IU en el acto sexual, infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias y otros problemas urinarios. Conclusiones: La afectación de la CV en las mujeres con síntomas urinarios es importante. Los síntomas que más contribuyen a la afectación de la CV son la "IU en el acto sexual", la "IU de urgencia" y las "infecciones frecuentes en vías urinarias". Abstract in english Background: The self-assessment of quality of life (QoL) of women with urinary symptoms may help in selecting the best treatment in each case. Method: Epidemiologic, observational, cross-sectional and multicentric study of 674 women who underwent to a gynecology unit with symptoms suggesting Overactive Bladder, with or without urinary incontinence(UI). All women fill out the King's Health Questionnaire. Sociodemographic data and a complete register of urinary symptoms and (more) the degree of afectation which caused, were also collected. Results: Most frequent symptoms were "frequency" (612 women-90.8%), followed by "urgency" (562-83.4%), "nocturia" (543-80.6%) and "stres UI" (535-79.4%). Symptoms of "frecuency", "nocturia", "urgency" and "urgency UI" were more frequent in women aged 65 or under 65 years and that of "stress UI", in women over 65 years (79.8% vs 77.9%). 210 women did not fill out all the KHQ dimensions, mainly "Personal Limitations", "Personal Relationship", "Social limitations" and "Incontinence Impact". Global KHQ score was38.3 (SD=19.2). Higher scores (worse QoL) corresponded to "Incontinence Impact", "Severity Measures", "Personal Limitations" and "Role Limitations". Variables associated to global KHQ score were (multiple linear regression): age, BMI, urgency UI, UI in sexual intercourse, frequent urinary infections. Conclusions: QoL impact in women with urinary symptoms is important. The symptoms with higher association with QoL are: UI in sexual intercourse, urgency UI and frequent urinary infections.

Espuña Pons, M.; Puig Clota, M.

2006-08-01

173

Psychometric evaluation of 3-set 4P questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This is a further development of a specific questionnaire, the 3-set 4P, to be used for measuring former ICU patients' physical and psychosocial problems after intensive care and the need for follow-up. The aim was to psychometrically test and evaluate the 3-set 4P questionnaire in a larger population. The questionnaire consists of three sets: "physical", "psychosocial" and "follow-up". The questionnaires were sent by mail to all patients with more than 24-hour length of stay on four ICUs in Sweden. Construct validity was measured with exploratory factor analysis with Varimax rotation. This resulted in three factors for the "physical set", five factors for the "psychosocial set" and four factors for the "follow-up set" with strong factor loadings and a total explained variance of 62-77.5%. Thirteen questions in the SF-36 were used for concurrent validity showing Spearman's r(s) 0.3-0.6 in eight questions and less than 0.2 in five. Test-retest was used for stability reliability. In set follow-up the correlation was strong to moderate and in physical and psychosocial sets the correlations were moderate to fair. This may have been because the physical and psychosocial status changed rapidly during the test period. All three sets had good homogeneity. In conclusion, the 3-set 4P showed overall acceptable results, but it has to be further modified in different cultures before being considered a fully operational instrument for use in clinical practice.

Akerman E; Fridlund B; Samuelson K; Baigi A; Ersson A

2013-02-01

174

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Science.gov (United States)

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

175

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Document Server

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

176

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Document Server

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

177

A definite and a semidefinite questionnaire version of the Hamilton/melancholia (HDS/MES) scale.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A definite (anchored) and a semidefinite (semi-anchored) questionnaire version of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDS) and the Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale (MES) were compared with the HDS/MES by observer-rating and self-rating of 24 patients fulfilling the DSM-3R criteria for major depressive disorder. Both types of questionnaire showed substantial agreement with the observer scale from which they were derived. The sum scores were for the definite questionnaires and the corresponding observer scales closely similar whereas the sum scores of the semidefinite questionnaires were significantly higher than the sum scores of the corresponding observer scales. These results indicate that patients' 'halo' effect may be avoided by using definite scaling criteria for self-rating. Thus, of the two versions of questionnaires the definite versions are recommended.

Bent-Hansen J; Lauritzen L; Clemmesen L; Lunde M; Kørner A

1995-03-01

178

Polish validation of Brace Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to undertake the process of cultural adaptation of the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) into Polish. METHODS: The BrQ is an instrument for measuring the quality of life of scoliotic adolescents who are being treated conservatively with wearing a corrective brace. The BrQ consists of 34 Likert-scale items related to eight domains. The translation from the original Greek into Polish was performed. The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaire was in accordance with the guidelines of the International Quality of Life Assessment Project. It involved 35 adolescents, aged between 10.0 and 16.0 years, all with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with mean Cobb angle of 35.1 ± 10.6 degrees, and all wearing the same kind of brace (Chêneau orthosis) for more than 3 months. Statistical analysis calculated the reliability (internal consistency), floor and ceiling effects of the BrQ. RESULTS: The internal consistency was satisfactory; Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.94. There was no floor or ceiling effects. CONCLUSIONS: Polish version of the BrQ is reliable and can be used in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis wearing the brace to assess their quality of life.

Kinel E; Kotwicki T; Podolska A; Bia?ek M; Stry?a W

2012-08-01

179

Back pain management in primary care: development and validity of the Patients' and Doctors' Expectations Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Back pain is a common disorder, with the doctor being the first point of contact for help. Biopsychosocial management of back pain has been shown to be problematic. Meeting patients' expectations is alleged to play a vital role in concordance, adherence and satisfaction. A more potent aspect, however, could be a state of matched patient- doctor expectations with regard to the consultation process and outcome, but this aspect has not been fully investigated and there is currently no valid and specific measure of this dimension. AIM: To report on the development of a newly designed patient and doctor expectations questionnaire that measures the matching of their expectations with regard to the back pain consultation in primary care, and to establish the validity and internal consistency of the new tool. METHODS: A literature review was carried out and a draft 36-item questionnaire was developed. Thirty-eight subjects (7 researchers, 20 patients and 11 doctors) tested the questionnaire. Each subject gave feedback on the questionnaire design and was also asked to fill in a previously validated tool, the Patients' Intentions Questionnaire (PIQ), to establish the concurrent validity of the newly designed expectations questionnaire. Construct validity was established by calculating the Spearman correlation coefficient, and Cronbach's alpha was computed to reflect the internal consistency of the instrument. FINDINGS: The results of the validity questionnaire showed that the questionnaire was perceived as simple, clear and easy to understand and appropriate to the intended aim. Spearman correlation coefficients between the Patients' Expectations Questionnaire and PIQ showed significant correlation ( r = 0.65), reflecting good concurrent validity, while Cronbach's alpha was 0.831, reflecting good internal consistency. CONCLUSION: The newly designed questionnaire showed good face, content and construct validity as well as good internal consistency, and thus can be used as a valid and reliable measure for back pain-specific expectations of the process and outcome of the consultation in primary care settings.

Georgy EE; Carr EC; Breen AC

2013-01-01

180

Structured Questionnaire To Measure Therapeutic Relationship  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study attempts to develop and validate a new instrument to measure therapeutic relationship for use with high hospital principals and hospital employees. By using the three domains of therapeutic relationship, namely Patient factor, Therapist factors and Environmental factors, a primary questionnaire with 142 – item was developed and tested based on a sample of 250 hospital employees drawn from 4 hospitals representing in Iran. KMO Measure of Sampling Adequacy (.832) and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity (1345.32) and Analysis of Scree Plot have shown that the properties of sample are appropriate for factor analysis. Factor analysis for the final items items were made from which 64 items were extracted which had factor loading of >0.5 on the four domains. The properties of reliability and validity have borne significant results which show this instrument can be considered suitable to determine the position of therapeutic relationship in hospital employees.

FatemehKhoshnavafomani; ForoughRafii; RahmatollahKharazmirahimabadi

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

[Quality of life questionnaire related to nutritional status].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To build and validate an instrument to measure the perceived quality of life in the nutritional status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: By focal groups and interviews with nutrition experts, the dimensions with greater affectation were identified. After the judge test, the CaVEN questionnaire was defined. For its valuation a multicentric study was performed, participating 7 Spanish hospitals. The internal structure of the questionnaire was evaluated by explanatory factorial analysis. Reliability was tested using the Cronbach ? coefficient and the validity of the criteria with the nutritional Gold Standards. RESULTS: A questionnaire of 26 items with 6 health dimensions was built. It was applied to 68 patients that were valued in the Nutrition Units. The test KMO was 0.756, showing a good accuracy in the Factorial Analysis. The existence of principal dimension of inertia was found (Bartlett p < 0.01). The 6 dimensions showed an accumulative variance of 77.670. It was observed a direct relationship in the Subjective Global Valuation and CaVEN (p < 0.01) and with the "Mini Nutritional Assessment Short" (p = 0.02), which was interpreted as the greater affectation of the nutritional status, the lower the quality of life detected by the CaVEN. CONCLUSIONS: The CaVEN questionnaire has proved a useful tool for assessing the quality of life related to nutritional status, even in groups with little nutritional alterations.

Wanden-Berghe C; Martín-Rodero H; Guardiola-Wanden-Berghe R; Sanz-Valero J; Galindo-Villardón P

2012-11-01

182

The development and validation of a low back pain knowledge questionnaire - LKQ  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire on specific knowledge about low back pain entitled "The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire". INTRODUCTION: There is a need for instruments to assess patient knowledge regarding chronic illness. Such methods can contribute to the education of patients. METHODS: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was developed through five focus groups. The questionnaire was distributed to 50 patients to assess their comprehension of the terms. To assess the reproducibility, 20 patients were surveyed by two different interviewers on the same day and twice by a single interviewer with a one-to-two week interval. For the construct validation, the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was given to 20 healthcare professionals with knowledge on low back pain and 20 patients to determine whether the questionnaire would discriminate between the two different populations. To assess the sensitivity of the questionnaire to changes in the knowledge level of the patients, it was given to 60 patients who were randomly assigned to the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group answered the questionnaire both before and after attending a chronic back pain educational program (back school), whereas the Control Group answered the questionnaire twice with an interval of one month and no educational intervention. RESULTS: The focus groups generated a questionnaire with 16 items. The Spearman's correlation coefficient and the intra-class correlation coefficients ranged from 0.61 to 0.95 in the assessments of the intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility (p< 0.01). In the construct validation, the healthcare professionals and patients showed statistically different scores (p< 0.001). In the phase regarding the sensitivity to change, the Intervention Group exhibited a significant increase in their specific knowledge over the Control Group (p< 0.001). CONCLUSION: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was validated and proved to be reproducible, valid and sensitive to changes in patient knowledge.

Simone Carazzato Maciel; Fabio Jennings; Anamaria Jones; Jamil Natour

2009-01-01

183

Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Good questionnaires are essential to support the early identification of children with psychosocial dysfunction in community based settings. Our aim was to assess which of three short questionnaires was most suitable for this identification among school-aged children Methods A community-based sample of 2,066 parents of children aged 7-12 years (85% of those eligible) filled out the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and - randomly determined - one of three questionnaires to be compared: the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire with Impact Supplement (SDQ), the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) and the PSYBOBA, a Dutch-origin questionnaire. Preventive Child Healthcare professionals assessed children's psychosocial functioning during routine health examinations. We assessed the scale structure (by means of Structural Equation Modelling), validity (correlation coefficients, sensitivity and specificity) and usability (ratings by parents and professionals) of each questionnaire and the degree to which they could improve the identification based only on clinical assessment (logistic regression). Results For the three questionnaires, Cronbach's alphas varied between 0.80 and 0.89. Sensitivities for a clinical CBCL at a cut off point with specificity = 0.90 varied between 0.78 and 0.86 for the three questionnaires. Areas under the Receiver Operating Curve, using the CBCL as criterion, varied between 0.93 and 0.96. No differences were statistically significant. All three questionnaires added information to the clinical assessment. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for added information were PSC: 29.3 (14.4-59.8), SDQ: 55.0 (23.1-131.2) and PSYBOBA: 68.5 (28.3-165.6). Parents preferred the SDQ and PSYBOBA. Preventive Child Health Care professionals preferred the SDQ. Conclusions This randomized comparison of three questionnaires shows that each of the three questionnaires can improve the detection of psychosocial dysfunction among children substantially.

Vogels Antonius GC; Crone Matty R; Hoekstra Femke; Reijneveld Sijmen A

2009-01-01

184

Validation of a persian version of motorcycle rider behavior questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In Iran, road traffic injuries are the first cause of burden of disease and motorcyclists are the most vulnerable road users. Elliot and colleagues developed the "Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire" (MRBQ), on the basis of Reason's "Driver Behavior Questionnaire" (DBQ) in 2007. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of a Persian version of MRBQ. The 43-item MRBQ was adapted to Persian according to translation-back translation method. The questionnaire was significantly revised after assessment of content validity. In the revised version, 10 items of original MRBQ were deleted and 15 new items were added. The revised MRBQ was used in a survey of 518 motorcyclists. To assess the construct validity of MRBQ, we used Buss-Perry Aggression questionnaire concurrently on all of the subjects. After three weeks, we carried out the retest study on 119 out of 518 subjects. The mean age of the subjects was 32.5 years (SD=8.8). All of the participants were male with mean of 9.3 years of motorcycle riding experience (SD=7.3). Principal Components Analysis (PCA) showed six subscales: "Speed Violations", "Traffic Errors", "Safety Violations", "Traffic Violations", "Stunts" and "Control Errors", which accounted for 36.44% of total variance together. For each of these subscales, Cronbach's Alpha was between 0.79 to 0.91. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for six subscales and total questionnaire were from 0.73 to 0.91. There were significant correlations between MRBQ subscales and subscales of Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire. The results indicated that the 48-item Persian version of MRBQ is a suitable measure for studying motorcyclists' behavior.

Motevalian SA; Asadi-Lari M; Rahimi H; Eftekhar M

2011-01-01

185

Validation of a Persian Version of Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

In Iran, road traffic injuries are the first cause of burden of disease and motorcyclists are the most vulnerable road users. Elliot and colleagues developed the “Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire” (MRBQ), on the basis of Reason’s “Driver Behavior Questionnaire” (DBQ) in 2007. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of a Persian version of MRBQ. The 43-item MRBQ was adapted to Persian according to translation-back translation method. The questionnaire was significantly revised after assessment of content validity. In the revised version, 10 items of original MRBQ were deleted and 15 new items were added. The revised MRBQ was used in a survey of 518 motorcyclists. To assess the construct validity of MRBQ, we used Buss-Perry Aggression questionnaire concurrently on all of the subjects. After three weeks, we carried out the retest study on 119 out of 518 subjects. The mean age of the subjects was 32.5 years (SD=8.8). All of the participants were male with mean of 9.3 years of motorcycle riding experience (SD=7.3). Principal Components Analysis (PCA) showed six subscales: “Speed Violations”, “Traffic Errors”, “Safety Violations”, “Traffic Violations”, “Stunts” and “Control Errors”, which accounted for 36.44% of total variance together. For each of these subscales, Cronbach’s Alpha was between 0.79 to 0.91. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for six subscales and total questionnaire were from 0.73 to 0.91. There were significant correlations between MRBQ subscales and subscales of Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire. The results indicated that the 48-item Persian version of MRBQ is a suitable measure for studying motorcyclists’ behavior.

Motevalian, Seyed Abbas; Asadi-Lari, Mohsen; Rahimi, Habibollah; Eftekhar, Mehrdad

2011-01-01

186

Development of a questionnaire to assess medical competencies: Reliability and validity of the Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Introduction: While preparing a graduate survey for medical education in 2008 we realized that no instrument existed that would be suitable to evaluate whether the learning outcomes outlined in the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) would be met. Therefore we developed the Freiburg Questionnaire to Assess Competencies in Medicine (Freiburger Fragebogen zur Erfassung von Kompetenzen in der Medizin, FKM)(1) which has been revised and extended several times since then.Currently the FKM includes 45 items which are assigned to nine domains that correspond to the CanMEDS roles: medical expertise, communication, team-work, health and prevention, management, professionalism, learning, scholarship, and personal competencies.Methods: In order to test the reliability and validity of the questionnaire we have repeatedly surveyed medical students and residents since May 2008. In this article we report on the results of a cross-sectional study with 698 medical students from the preclinical and clinical years. In addition, we report the results of a survey of 514 residents who were up to two years into their residency.Results and conclusions: In summary, results show that the scales of the FKM are reliable (Cronbach's ? between .68 and .97). Significant differences in means between selected groups of students support the measure's construct validity. Furthermore, there is evidence that the FKM might be used as a screening tool e.g. in graduate surveys to identify weaknesses in the medical education curriculum.

Giesler M; Forster J; Biller S; Fabry G

2011-01-01

187

Evaluation of user acceptance of information systems in health care--the value of questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of modern information technology (IT) offers tremendous opportunities such as reducing clinical errors and supporting health care professionals in providing care. Evaluation of user satisfaction is often seen as a surrogate for the success of an information systems. We will present the evaluation of a report writing system at the Innsbruck University Medical Center based on a standardized, validated psychometric questionnaire. The results show high reliability and validity of the questionnaire. They also show some interesting differences in user satisfaction between departments, due to differences in working processes and preconditions. Psychometric questionnaires can be seen as a reliable and valid method to measure certain psychological constructs. Their development requires, however, methodological rigour and sufficient time. Psychometric questionnaires allow only a limited interaction between researcher and user, their results may be very dependant on the time of measurement, and their interpretation often needs external knowledge. Those limitations have to be taken into account when preparing evaluation studies. PMID:14664060

Ammenwerth, Elske; Kaiser, Frieda; Wilhelmy, Immanuel; Höfer, Stefan

2003-01-01

188

Evaluation of user acceptance of information systems in health care--the value of questionnaires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The use of modern information technology (IT) offers tremendous opportunities such as reducing clinical errors and supporting health care professionals in providing care. Evaluation of user satisfaction is often seen as a surrogate for the success of an information systems. We will present the evaluation of a report writing system at the Innsbruck University Medical Center based on a standardized, validated psychometric questionnaire. The results show high reliability and validity of the questionnaire. They also show some interesting differences in user satisfaction between departments, due to differences in working processes and preconditions. Psychometric questionnaires can be seen as a reliable and valid method to measure certain psychological constructs. Their development requires, however, methodological rigour and sufficient time. Psychometric questionnaires allow only a limited interaction between researcher and user, their results may be very dependant on the time of measurement, and their interpretation often needs external knowledge. Those limitations have to be taken into account when preparing evaluation studies.

Ammenwerth E; Kaiser F; Wilhelmy I; Höfer S

2003-01-01

189

Validation of the Korean Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To develop a Korean version of the Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ) in order to evaluate physician attitudes toward integrative medicine/complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). METHODS: We developed a Korean IMAQ through careful translation of the 28-item questionnaire developed by Schmidt et al. A web-based survey was sent via email to 118 primary care physicians in Korea. The complete respose rate wasa 52.5%. The questionnaire's reliability and validity were verified using Cronbach's ?, factor analysis, and discriminant analysis. RESULTS: Although the Korean IMAQ exhibited excellent internal consistency, its validity was insufficient. Our results suggest that Western and Korean physicians may have different understandings of CAM and the concept of holism, as factor analysis showed that incorrectly classified items were mainly part of the holism conceptual domain. Furthermore, the sum of the items within the holism conceptual domain was not significantly different for physicians who had previously received CAM education. CONCLUSION: This study developed and tested the first Korean IMAQ. We found that this version of the questionnaire lacks sufficient validity and requires further modification.

Kim JH; Lee JB; Lee DC

2011-03-01

190

Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC): Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC), designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of validity comparingwith Stress Perceived Scale (PSS) and acceptable goodness of fit inthe structural model analyzed.

Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; René Landero Hernández; José Moral de la Rubia

2009-01-01

191

Smallpox still haunts scientists: results of a questionnaire-based inquiry on the views of health care and life science experts and students on preserving the remaining variola virus stocks.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared eradication of the dreadful disease "smallpox" in 1980. Though the disease has died down, the causative virus "variola" has not, as it has been well preserved in two high security laboratories-one in USA and another in Russia. The debate on whether the remaining stocks of the smallpox virus should be destroyed or not is ongoing, and the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2011 has decided to postpone the review on this debate to the 67th WHA in 2014. A short questionnaire-based inquiry was organized during a one-day stem cell meeting to explore the views of various health care and life science specialists especially students on this aspect. Among the 200 participants of the meeting, only 66 had answered the questionnaire. 60.6% of participants who responded to the questionnaire were for preserving the virus for future reference, while 36.4% of the participants were for destroying the virus considering the magnitude with which it killed millions. However, 3% of the respondents were not able to decide on any verdict. Therefore, this inquiry expresses the view that "what we cannot create, we do not have the right to destroy."

Srinivasan T; Dedeepiya VD; John S; Senthilkumar R; Reena HC; Rajendran P; Balamurugan M; Kurosawa G; Iwasaki M; Preethy S; Abraham SJ

2013-01-01

192

Smallpox still haunts scientists: results of a questionnaire-based inquiry on the views of health care and life science experts and students on preserving the remaining variola virus stocks.  

Science.gov (United States)

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared eradication of the dreadful disease "smallpox" in 1980. Though the disease has died down, the causative virus "variola" has not, as it has been well preserved in two high security laboratories-one in USA and another in Russia. The debate on whether the remaining stocks of the smallpox virus should be destroyed or not is ongoing, and the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2011 has decided to postpone the review on this debate to the 67th WHA in 2014. A short questionnaire-based inquiry was organized during a one-day stem cell meeting to explore the views of various health care and life science specialists especially students on this aspect. Among the 200 participants of the meeting, only 66 had answered the questionnaire. 60.6% of participants who responded to the questionnaire were for preserving the virus for future reference, while 36.4% of the participants were for destroying the virus considering the magnitude with which it killed millions. However, 3% of the respondents were not able to decide on any verdict. Therefore, this inquiry expresses the view that "what we cannot create, we do not have the right to destroy." PMID:23970838

Srinivasan, Thangavelu; Dedeepiya, Vidyasagar Devaprasad; John, Sudhakar; Senthilkumar, Rajappa; Reena, Helen C; Rajendran, Paramasivam; Balamurugan, Madasamy; Kurosawa, Gene; Iwasaki, Masaru; Preethy, Senthilkumar; Abraham, Samuel J K

2013-07-22

193

Quantifying diplopia with a questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To report a diplopia questionnaire (DQ) with a data-driven scoring algorithm. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: To optimize questionnaire scoring, 147 adults with diplopic strabismus completed both the DQ and the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20) health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaire. To assess test-retest reliability, 117 adults with diplopic strabismus. To assess responsiveness to surgery, 42 adults (46 surgeries). METHODS: The 10-item AS-20 function subscale score (scored 0-100) was defined as the gold standard for severity. A range of weights was assigned to the responses and the gaze positions (from equal weighting to greater weighting of primary and reading). Combining all response option weights with all gaze position weights yielded 382848 scoring algorithms. We then calculated 382848 Spearman rank correlation coefficients comparing each algorithm with the AS-20 function subscale score. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To optimize scoring, Spearman rank correlation coefficients (measuring agreement) between DQ scores and AS-20 function subscale scores. For test-retest reliability, 95% limits of agreement and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). For responsiveness, change in DQ score. RESULTS: For the 382 848 possible scoring algorithms, correlations with AS-20 function subscale score ranged from -0.64 (best correlated) to -0.55. The best-correlated algorithm had response option weights of 5 for rarely, 50 for sometimes, and 75 for often, and gaze position weights of 40 for straight ahead in the distance, 40 for reading, 1 for up, 8 for down, 4 for right, 4 for left, and 3 for other, totaling 100. There was excellent test-retest reliability with an ICC of 0.89 (95% confidence interval, 0.84-0.92), and 95% limits of agreement were 30.9 points. The DQ score was responsive to surgery with a mean change of 51 ± 34 (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We have developed a data-driven scoring algorithm for the DQ, rating diplopia symptoms from 0 to 100. On the basis of correlations with HRQOL, straight-ahead and reading positions should be highly weighted. The DQ has excellent test-retest reliability and responsiveness, and may be useful in both clinical and research settings.

Holmes JM; Liebermann L; Hatt SR; Smith SJ; Leske DA

2013-07-01

194

Development and Validation of Caregivers Perspectives Questionnaire in Comatose Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The caregivers perspective about care in comatose patients is different among different caregivers, and thus the question is how it is perceived by caregivers. Among the health staff and family members, perspective of caring is obviously different. Thus, the current study was carried out to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess of caregivers perspective in comatose patient care. For gathering the data used from the questionnaire consisted of items of Van Manens hermeneutic phenomenology, then these items combined and validated by content, face and construct validity and by split half and Cronbach a coefficient for reliability. The results showed that the four factors were labeled living with client, efforts for survival, professional conscience and responsibility and respect of human dignity. The perspective of caring of comatose patient questionnaire had 32 items and 4 dimension and showed validity and reliability, but it need to test more and more to multiplication of its' validity and reliability.

A. Mostafa Shokati; Parkhideh Hasani; Houman Manoochehri; Ebrahim Hajizadeh; Safar Ali Esmaeili Vardanjani; Yaser Moradi

2013-01-01

195

Development and validation of the smoking abstinence expectancies questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence that expectancies influence the use and effects of drugs, there are no questionnaires that assess abstinence expectancies among smokers. Such a questionnaire may assist prediction models of successful quitting, enable clinicians to target specific expectancies, and give researchers a broader understanding of cognitive processes that influence smoking. METHODS: We aimed to develop a questionnaire that assesses, among daily smokers, expected short-term psychological and physiological consequences to (hypothetically) abstaining from smoking. Initial scale items, completed by 326 smokers, were constructed on the basis of theory, empirical evidence, and expert review. RESULTS: The final Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire (SAEQ) has 28 items and 4 internally consistent subscales: Negative Mood (e.g., "I would feel grouchy"), Somatic Symptoms (e.g., "My throat would feel dry"), Harmful Consequences (e.g., "I would feel like I'm dying"), and Positive Consequences (e.g., "I would feel calm"). The full scale showed good internal consistency (? = .86), test-retest reliability over a 2-week span (r = .82), as well as convergent and discriminant validity. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides preliminary support for the SAEQ as a tool in smoking cessation research and treatment planning.

Abrams K; Zvolensky MJ; Dorman L; Gonzalez A; Mayer M

2011-12-01

196

Development and validation of a salt knowledge questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Initiatives promoting the reduction of high-salt food consumption by consumers need to be partly based on current levels of salt knowledge in the population. However, to date there is no validated salt knowledge questionnaire that could be used to assess population knowledge about dietary salt (i.e. salt knowledge). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop and validate a salt knowledge questionnaire. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on an online web survey platform using convenience, snowball sampling. The survey questionnaire was evaluated for content and face validity before being administered to the respondents. SETTING: Online survey. SUBJECTS: A total of forty-one nutrition experts, thirty-two nutrition students and thirty-six lay people participated in the study. RESULTS: Item analyses were performed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the test items. Twenty-five items were retained to form the final set of questions. The total scores of the experts were higher than those of the students and lay people (P < 0·05). The total salt knowledge score showed significant correlations with use of salt at the table (? = -0·197, P < 0·05) and inspection of the salt content in food products when shopping (? = 0·400; P < 0·01). CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire demonstrated sufficient evidence of construct validity and internal consistencies between the items. It is likely to be a useful tool for the evaluation and measurement of levels of salt knowledge in the general population.

Sarmugam R; Worsley A; Flood V

2013-03-01

197

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND: When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format.The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). METHODS: A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. RESULTS: A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?'s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. CONCLUSIONS: For three of the four included questionnaires the participants' scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

Thorén ES; Andersson G; Lunner T

2012-01-01

198

[Questionnaire for disability assessment in vestibular pathology  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The QADVP (questionnaire for assessment of disabled by vestibular pathology) is self-employed and consists of a series of 46 questions divided into 3 scales (emotional, functional and organic) from which direct and proportionate scores (both for each scale and as a whole for the full questionnaire) are gained. The aim of the paper is to show its application-way, the outcome of assessments and the disability degree drawn out from the scores. A prospective study fulfilled within 2 years term (May, 1st 1994 until May, 1st 1996) between patients of the Health Area of Zamora, seen at the ENT outpatients Department. The validation's study (reliability, homogeneity and discriminatory power in each scale and of the whole questionnaire) was made from a sample of 30 patients suffering of recurring-paroxysmal vestibular disease of several etiologies. In order to establish the handicap degree the questionnaire was employed in 60 patients suffering postural-paroxysmal vertigo or Ménière disease, grouped in 4 homogenous sets after the evolutive time. The series in each scale and globally for the whole questionnaire make sharp 4 levels of handicap (from I to IV). Zero degree is equivalent to absence of vestibular disorder. The QADVP is a measuring tool allowing: assessment several degrees of incapacity, to control the development of the disorder and try therapeutic changes.

Pardal Refoyo JL; Beltrán Mateos LD; del Cañizo Alvarez A

1998-01-01

199

Performance of two questionnaires to measure treatment adherence in patients with Type-2 Diabetes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Most valid methods to measure treatment adherence require time and resources, and they are not easily applied in highly demanding Primary Health Care Clinics (PHCC). The objective of this study was to determine sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities of two novel questionnaires as proxy measurements of treatment adherence in Type-2 diabetic patients. Methods Two questionnaires were developed by a group of experts to identify the patient's medical prescription knowledge (knowledge) and their attitudes toward treatment adherence (attitudes) as proxy measurements of adherence. The questionnaires were completed by patients receiving care in PHCC pertaining to the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Aguascalientes (Mexico). Pill count was used as gold standard. Participants were selected randomly, and their oral hypoglycemic prescriptions were studied. The main outcome measures for each questionnaire were sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities, all as an independent questionnaire test and in a serial analysis. Results Adherence prevalence was 27.0% using pill count. Knowledge questionnaire showed the highest sensitivity (68.1%) and negative predictive value (82.2%), the lowest negative likelihood ratio (0.58) and post-test probability for a negative result (0.16). Serial analysis showed the highest specificity (77.4%) and positive predictive value (40.1%) as well as the highest positive likelihood ratio (1.8) and post-test probability for a positive result (0.39). Conclusion Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire showed the best performance as proxy measurement to identify non-adherence in type 2 diabetic patients regarding negative predictive value, negative likelihood ratio, and post-test probability for a negative result. However, Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire performance may change in contexts with higher adherence prevalence. Therefore, more research is needed before using this method in other contexts.

Prado-Aguilar Carlos A; Martínez Yolanda V; Segovia-Bernal Yolanda; Reyes-Martínez Rosendo; Arias-Ulloa Raul

2009-01-01

200

Construct validity of writing motivation Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article reports results of two consecutive studies designed to understand construct validity of writing motivation and to examine its utility in the prediction of academic achievement. In first study, data were collected from 884 students of primary education through writing motivation questionnaire with seven domains (Dutta Roy, 2003). Correspondence analysis reveals two latent traits (intrinsic and extrinsic) of writing motivation. In the second study, writing motivation questionnaire was administered to 200 students and their academic performances in schools were collected. Results reveal inverse relation between latent traits. Composite scores of intrinsic writing motivation were positively and those of extrinsic writing motivation were negatively correlated with academic performance.

Devdulal Dutta Roy

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Donor History Questionnaire Flowchart  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... donation(s) ·Determine date of donation(s) ·Consult ... other blood component should not donate blood for ... had a transplant such as organ, tissue, or ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

202

The legal provisions and practices of public participation in the decision-making process relating to siting and operation of nuclear installations: results and conclusions of a survey based on national replies to an NEA/IAEA international questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study is structured in the same way that the questionnaire submitted by NEA and IAEA. The chapter one is on the institutional frame governing the elaboration of nuclear policy, elaboration of safety rules, and installations agreements. It takes the question of the distribution of competences relative to authorize nuclear facilities in the case of federal states. The chapter two makes an inventory of juridical dispositions to public participation in nuclear decision-making. The chapter three explains the definition of what is the 'public'; how he can participate is studied in chapters four and five; finally the advertising to public participation and cost estimation are made in the chapters six and seven

1993-01-01

203

Reliability and validity of two frequently used self-administered physical activity questionnaires in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To create and find accurate and reliable instruments for the measurement of physical activity has been a challenge in epidemiological studies. We investigated the reliability and validity of two different physical activity questionnaires in 71 adolescents aged 13–18 years; the WHO, Health Behaviour in Schoolchildren (HBSC) questionnaire, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, short version). Methods The questionnaires were administered twice (8–12 days apart) to measure reliability. Validity was assessed by comparing answers from the questionnaires with a cardiorespiratory fitness test (VO2peak) and seven days activity monitoring with the ActiReg, an instrument measuring physical activity level (PAL) and total energy expenditure (TEE). Results Intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability for the WHO HBSC questionnaire were 0.71 for frequency and 0.73 for duration. For the frequency question, there was a significant difference between genders; 0.87 for girls and 0.59 for boys (p 2peak were fair, ranging between 0.29 – 0.39. The WHO HBSC questionnaire measured against VO2peak for girls were acceptable, ranging between 0.30 – 0.55. Both questionnaires, except the walking question in IPAQ, showed a low correlation with PAL and TEE, ranging between 0.01 and 0.29. Conclusion These data indicate that the WHO HBSC questionnaire had substantial reliability and were acceptable instrument for measuring cardiorespiratory fitness, especially among girls. None of the questionnaires however seemed to be a valid instrument for measuring physical activity compared to TEE and PAL in adolescents.

Rangul Vegar; Holmen Turid; Kurtze Nanna; Cuypers Koenraad; Midthjell Kristian

2008-01-01

204

Development and initial validation of the Perceptions of Parental Illness Questionnaire (PPIQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Perceptions of Parental Illness Questionnaire was developed based on interviews with 15 adolescents with a parent with multiple sclerosis and refined using cognitive interviews. In total, 104 adolescents with a parent with multiple sclerosis then completed the Perceptions of Parental Illness Questionnaire and adjustment measures at two time points 6 months apart. Principal component analysis resulted in 11 Perceptions of Parental Illness Questionnaire sub-scales. Mixed-effect models showed that adolescents' perceptions of parental multiple sclerosis at baseline rather than disease severity were associated with their psychosocial well-being 6 months later. The results indicate that Perceptions of Parental Illness Questionnaire may be a reliable and valid measure of adolescents' representations of parents' multiple sclerosis. Further studies are needed to replicate these findings with other illness groups.

Bogosian A; Moss-Morris R; Bishop FL; Hadwin J

2013-04-01

205

Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form: Colombian validation [Young Schema Questionnaire – Short Form, Validación en Colombia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the factor structure of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form ([YSQ-SF], Young, 1999) and the gender differences in early maladaptive schemas. The study took place in Colombia, where 1392 university students (541 male y 851 female) completed the YSQ-SF. The results confirmed the existence of the original 15 first-order factors, in consistency with the 15 theoretical schemas. However, the results for the second-order structure were less conclusive, as both a three second order factor and a five second order factor structures showed similar fit indices. Alpha coefficients for the schemas rated between 0.74 and 0.89. Men scored higher than women on several schemas.

Nora Helena Londoño Arredondo; Esther Calvete; Alberto Ferrer; Liliana Chaves; Diego Castrillón; Mónica Schnitter; Carlos Marín; Katherine Maestre

2012-01-01

206

Present diagnostic strategies for acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Results of a questionnaire in a retrospective trial conducted by the Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The aim of this study is to re-evaluate and clarify the diagnostic role of ventilation/perfusion lung scintigraphy in Japan, now that single-detector-row helical CT and multidetector-row CT are available in clinical practice. The Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine distributed a questionnaire to institutions in Japan equipped with scintillation cameras as of September 2001. Of 1,222 institutions, 239 returned effective answers (19.6%). The most frequent combination for initial diagnosis of acute pulmonary thromboembolism was chest radiography, perfusion lung scintigraphy, and contrast-enhanced CT (111 institutions, 46.4%). The questionnaire revealed that the validity and usage of perfusion lung scintigraphy and those of contrast-enhanced CT were equivalent in the present clinical situation. On the other hand, the diagnostic value of ventilation lung scintigraphy in suspected pulmonary thromboembolism has not been established in Japan. Even though contrast-enhanced CT is widely used in Japan, perfusion lung scintigraphy is still required to determine disease severity and monitor its progress. (author)

2002-01-01

207

Present diagnostic strategies for acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Results of a questionnaire in a retrospective trial conducted by the Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study is to re-evaluate and clarify the diagnostic role of ventilation/perfusion lung scintigraphy in Japan, now that single-detector-row helical CT and multidetector-row CT are available in clinical practice. The Respiratory Nuclear Medicine Working Group of the Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine distributed a questionnaire to institutions in Japan equipped with scintillation cameras as of September 2001. Of 1,222 institutions, 239 returned effective answers (19.6%). The most frequent combination for initial diagnosis of acute pulmonary thromboembolism was chest radiography, perfusion lung scintigraphy, and contrast-enhanced CT (111 institutions, 46.4%). The questionnaire revealed that the validity and usage of perfusion lung scintigraphy and those of contrast-enhanced CT were equivalent in the present clinical situation. On the other hand, the diagnostic value of ventilation lung scintigraphy in suspected pulmonary thromboembolism has not been established in Japan. Even though contrast-enhanced CT is widely used in Japan, perfusion lung scintigraphy is still required to determine disease severity and monitor its progress. (author)

Kawamoto, Masami; Inoue, Tomio [Yokohama City Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Ogura, Yasuharu; Narabayashi, Isamu [Osaka Medical Coll., Takatsuki (Japan); Honda, Norinari [Saitama Medical School, Kawagoe (Japan). Saitama Medical Center; Satoh, Katashi [Kagawa Medical Univ., Miki (Japan); Suga, Kazuyoshi [Yamaguchi Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Mori, Yutaka [Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan); Imai, Teruhiko [Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan)

2002-12-01

208

Feedback in web-based questionnaires as incentive to increase compliance in studies on lifestyle factors.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: We explored the use of feedback in interactive web-based questionnaires for collecting data on lifestyle factors in epidemiological studies. DESIGN: Here we report from a cohort study on lifestyle factors and upper respiratory tract infections among 1805 men and women. We introduced interactivity in the form of personalized feedback and feedback on a group level regarding dietary intake, physical activity and incidence of infections in web-based questionnaires as incentives for the respondents to continue answering questions and stay in the study. SETTING: The study was performed in Sweden. SUBJECTS: All participants were randomly selected from the population registry. RESULTS: Personalized feedback was offered in the baseline questionnaire and feedback on a group level in the five follow-up questionnaires. In total, 88 % of the participants actively chose to get personalized feedback at least once in the baseline questionnaire. The follow-up questionnaires were sent by email and the overall compliance at each follow-up was 83-84 %, despite only one reminder. In total, 74 % completed all five follow-ups. However, the compliance was higher among those who chose feedback in the baseline questionnaire compared with those who did not choose feedback. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that it is possible to use feedback in web questionnaires and that it has the potential to increase compliance. The majority of the participants actively chose to take part in the personalized feedback in the baseline questionnaire and future research should focus on improving the design of the feedback, which may ultimately result in even higher compliance in research studies.

Bälter O; Fondell E; Bälter K

2012-06-01

209

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

210

Development of the young spine questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. METHODS: The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases--a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the "Revised Faces Pain Scale" (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. RESULTS: The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). CONCLUSIONS: The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years.

Lauridsen HH; Hestbaek L

2013-01-01

211

Correlação entre perda auditiva e resultados dos questionários Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults: Screening Version HHIA-S e Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S/ Correlation between hearing loss and the results of the following questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Adults - Screening Version HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version - HHIE-S  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Os questionários de autoavaliação são úteis para quantificar as consequências emocionais e sociais/situacionais percebidas em função da perda de audição, podendo ser utilizados em diversas situações na rotina clínica, como a triagem auditiva. OBJETIVO: Verificar a sensibilidade e a especificidade dos questionários HHIA-S e HHIE-S na detecção de perda auditiva e suas aplicabilidades em triagens auditivas e analisar a capacidade desses question (more) ários em detectar diferentes graus de comprometimento auditivo na população estudada. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo, 51 indivíduos, entre 18 e 88 anos, responderam aos questionários Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S e Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S em sala de espera de um ambulatório de otorrinolaringologia do SUS. RESULTADOS: Os instrumentos revelaram baixa sensibilidade (47%), não identificando indivíduos com perda auditiva; porém, apresentaram alta especificidade (75%), identificando, corretamente, indivíduos que não apresentavam problemas de audição. Ainda, não existiu associação significativa entre o grau da perda auditiva e o grau de restrição de participação. CONCLUSÃO: Os referidos questionários apresentaram baixa sensibilidade e alta especificidade, não sendo eficazes para triagens auditivas em um grupo com queixas auditivas prévias, e também não foram capazes de detectar diferentes tipos e graus de comprometimento auditivo. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The self-assessment questionnaires are useful to measure the emotional and social/transient consequences resulting from hearing loss, and they can be used in a wide range of situations in the clinical routine, such as auditory screening. OBJECTIVE: Check the sensitivity and specificities of HHIA-S and HHIE-S questionnaires to identify a hearing loss and their usages in auditory screenings, as well as analyze the ability of these questionnaires to detect diff (more) erent degrees of hearing impairments in the studied people. METHOD: Retrospective study with 51 individuals aged between 18 and 88, who filled out the Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults Screening Version - HHIA-S and Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version - HHIE-S questionnaires at the waiting room of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)'s otorhinolaryngology infirmary. RESULTS: The instruments showed a low sensitivity (47%), not identifying individuals with a hearing loss; however, they showed a high specificity (75%), accurately identifying individuals with no hearing disorder. Moreover, no significant association between the degree of hearing loss and the constraint degree for participation was found. CONCLUSION: the aforementioned questionnaires revealed a low sensitivity and a high specificity, proving to be ineffective for auditory screenings in a group with previous hearing complaints in addition to being unable to detect different types and degrees of hearing impairment.

Menegotto, Isabela Hoffmeister; Soldera, Cristina Loureiro Chaves; Anderle, Paula; Anhaia, Tanise Cristaldo

2011-09-01

212

Relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire to assess nutrient intake in pregnant women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To date, there are no food frequency questionnaires that have been validated to assess nutrient intakes in pregnant women in Ireland. The present study aimed to assess the relative validity of a self-administered food frequency questionnaire during pregnancy. METHODS: The food frequency questionnaire was administered once during pregnancy between 12 and 34 weeks. Participants also completed a 3-day food diary during each trimester of pregnancy (reference method) and intakes from both the food frequency questionnaire and the mean of the 3-day food diaries were compared in a sample of 130 participants from the control arm of an intervention study. RESULTS: Energy-adjusted Pearson's correlation coefficients ranged from 0.24 (riboflavin) to 0.59 (magnesium) and were all statistically significant (P < 0.05). The food frequency questionnaire tended to report higher energy and nutrient intakes compared to the food diaries. On average, 74% of participants were classified into the same ± 1 quartile and 7% into opposing quartiles by the two methods. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our food frequency questionnaire showed good relative validity. We conclude that a single administration of a food frequency questionnaire is a valid tool for ranking women in accordance with their nutrient intakes during pregnancy.

McGowan CA; Curran S; McAuliffe FM

2013-04-01

213

Development of a questionnaire to assess the relative subjective benefits of presbyopia correction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To develop a standardized questionnaire of near visual function and satisfaction to complement visual function evaluations of presbyopic corrections. SETTING: Eye Clinic, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Midland Eye Institute and Solihull Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Questionnaire development. METHODS: A preliminary 26-item questionnaire of previously used near visual function items was completed by patients with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), multifocal IOLs, accommodating IOLs, multifocal contact lenses, or varifocal spectacles. Rasch analysis was used for item reduction, after which internal and test-retest reliabilities were determined. Construct validity was determined by correlating the resulting Near Activity Visual Questionnaire (NAVQ) scores with near visual acuity and critical print size (CPS), which was measured using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test chart. Discrimination ability was assessed through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Item reduction resulted in a 10-item NAVQ with excellent separation (2.92), internal consistency (Cronbach ? = 0.95), and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.72). Correlations of questionnaire scores with near visual acuity (r = 0.32) and CPS (r = 0.27) provided evidence of validity, and discrimination ability was excellent (area under ROC curve = 0.91). CONCLUSION: Results show the NAVQ is a reliable, valid instrument that can be incorporated into the evaluation of presbyopic corrections.

Buckhurst PJ; Wolffsohn JS; Gupta N; Naroo SA; Davies LN; Shah S

2012-01-01

214

Application of cognitive interviewing to improve self-administered questionnaires used in small scale social pharmacy research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Validating questionnaires for social pharmacy research with smaller sample sizes can be unnecessarily time-consuming and costly, a solution to this is cognitive interviewing with 2 interviews per iteration. This paper shows how cognitive interviewing with pairs of interviews per iteration of the questionnaire can be used to identify overt and covert issues with comprehension, retrieval, judgment and response experienced by respondents when attempting to answer a question or navigate around the questionnaire. When used during questionnaire development in small scale social pharmacy research studies cognitive interviewing can reduce both respondent burden and response error and should result in more reliable survey results. The process of cognitive interviewing is illustrated by a case study from the development of the Perspectives on Progesterone questionnaire.

Spark MJ; Willis J

2013-07-01

215

Accuracy Analysis of the Food Intake Variety Questionnaire (FIVeQ). Reproducibility Assessment among Older People  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study included 131 people aged 65 + (62 men and 69 women). Food intake variety questionnaire (FIVeQ) included questions about eating (yes/no) during last 7 days the named amounts of 65 subgroups of products. Interviews were made using the face-to-face situation, twice with a two-week interval (test and retest). For the further analysis products were aggregated into 9 main groups: cereal products, dairy products, meat products, vegetables, fruit, fats, sugar and sweets, beverages, spices. The questionnaires` accuracy measures were sensitivity index (%) and specificity index (%) and the test power. High reproducibility of the results obtained by the FIVeQ questionnaire was stated. It shows a good accuracy of the questionnaire as a tool for studying food intake variety and allows to recommend its usage among older people.

Ewa Niedzwiedzka; Lidia Wadolowska

2008-01-01

216

Psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the selection, optimization, compensation questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The model of selection, optimization and compensation has been proposed as a model of adaptive management strategies throughout the lifespan. AIM: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of a translated Swedish version of the 12-item selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC) questionnaire. METHOD: The 12-item SOC questionnaire is composed of four subscales: elective selection (ES), loss-based selection, optimization and compensation. A convenience sample of 122 Swedish-speaking people, aged 19-85, participated in a study of the validity and reliability of the SOC questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient, corrected item-total correlation and Cronbach's alpha if item deleted were used for reliability testing. Two other scales, the ways of coping questionnaire and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, were used to test convergent validity, and the geriatric depression scale was used to test discriminant validity. Stability over time was evaluated using a test-retest model with a 2-week interval. RESULTS: The 12-item SOC questionnaire showed a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.50, and the subscales ranged from ? = 0.16 to ? = 0.64. Two items in the ES subscale had negative values on the corrected item-total correlation and showed substantial improvement (>0.05) in Cronbach's alpha when item deleted. When these two items that influenced internal consistency were deleted, Cronbach's alpha rose to 0.68. CONCLUSION: The Swedish version of the 12-item SOC questionnaire showed deficiencies in a test of internal consistency because of two items in the ES subscale, and these two items were deleted. A consequence of the reduction is a weakening of the ES subscale and thereby to some extent the SOC questionnaire in total. Further testing is advisable. However, the 10-item SOC questionnaire was acceptable in a test of validity and reliability.

Viglund K; Aléx L; Jonsén E; Lundman B; Norberg A; Fischer RS; Strandberg G; Nygren B

2013-06-01

217

Construction of a religious motivation questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper describes the construction of a new religious motivation questionnaire. The construction was proceeded by an analysis which revealed that the existing instruments for assessing religious motivation have deficiencies and, most importantly, may not be suitable for use with persons in adolescence or younger. In the first phase of the questionnaire construction, a semi-structured interview was used on a sample of 111 respondents aged 10-25 from Belgrade. The interview findings suggested the presence of religious motivation dimensions which are not contained in the existing instruments. In the second phase, an initial pool of items, formulated based on interview answers, was administered to a sample of 354 secondary school and university students from Belgrade. Principal component analysis revealed five dimensions of religious motivation measured by the constructed questionnaire: religion as ultimate value; religion as a means of wish-fulfillment; religion as a source of emotional well-being; ideals and morality; religion as a part of tradition; and tendency to meet social expectations regarding religion. The questionnaire scales show excellent reliability.

Stojkovi? Irena; Miri? Jovan

2012-01-01

218

Correlation between Visual Analogue Scale and Short form of McGill Questionnaire in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Pain assessment in patients with chronic pain is very important. This study was performed to evaluate the pain severity and the correlation between visual analogue scales (VAS) and short form of McGill questionnaires in patients with chronic low back pain.Methods: In a prospective descriptive study, pain intensity in 150 patients who were referred to the Physiotherapy Ward of Baghiatallah Hospital in Tehran, was measured by Mc-gill and VAS pain questionnaires, and then the correlation between these questionnaires was evaluated. Data was analyzed by Pearson correlation and regression statistical tests.Results: The patients’ pain intensity score was 8.36±0.9 by VAS and 39.04±4.2 By Mc-gill questionnaire, respectively. The data show that most of our samples had severe pain. The correlation between VAS and Mc-gill was r=0.86 that shows a very good correlation between these questionnaires. VAS as this formula predicts McGill: McGill=4.727+4.1(VAS), R²=0.771.Conclusion: Regarding the importance of pain evaluation and excellent correlation between VAS and Mc-gill, and the fact that VAS questionnaire is very easy to be completed, it seems that VAS questionnaire is superior to short form to McGill pain questionnaire to evaluate pain in patients with chronic low back pain.

Rezvani Amin M.; Siratinayer M.; Abadi A.; Moradyan T.

2012-01-01

219

Psychometric analysis in knowledge-evaluation questionnaires, identification and implication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The experience achieved using the tool “Questionnaires”, available inside the Virtual Campus of architectural engineering school in northeast Spain, is presented. “Questionnaires” is an adequate and simple instrument to evaluate the knowledge level achieved by students. This work shows and identifie...

Gómez Soberón, José Manuel Vicente; Cabrera Covarrubias, F. Guadalupe; Arredondo Rea, Susana Paola; Corral Higuera, Ramón

220

ACADEMIC TRAINING LECTURES-QUESTIONNAIRE  

CERN Document Server

ACADEMIC TRAINING Françoise Benz tel. 73127 academic.training@cern.ch SUGGEST AND WIN! Its time to plan the 2004-2005 lecture series. From today until March 19 you have the chance to give your contribution to planning for next year's Academic Training Lecture Series. At the web site: http://cern.ch/Academic.Training/questionnaire you will find questionnaires proposing topics in high energy physics, applied physics and science and society. Answering the questionnaire will help ensure that the selected topics are as close as possible to your interests. In particular requests and comments from students will be much appreciated. To encourage your contribution, the AT Committee will reward one lucky winner with a small prize, a 50 CHF coupon for a book purchase at the CERN bookshop.

Françoise Benz

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Do the national survey results reflect the state of drug-induced liver injury in a single local city in which there is no hospital having Members of the Board of Councilors of the Japan Society of Hepatology? Results of a questionnaire survey conducted in a local city.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aim:? This survey aims at clarifying if there are common features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in local areas and in the national surveys, and the degree of dissemination of the new diagnostic criteria (JDDW scale) proposed during the Japan Digestive Disease Week (JDDW) in 2004 and Manual for Serious Side-Effects of DILI (Manual) published in April 2008. Methods:? An anonymous questionnaire for DILI was conducted for 6?weeks starting on 20 October 2008. The participants were 179 medical doctors. One hundred and fifty-seven of them belonged to the Medical Association of Nakatsu City (population: 86?000 persons), which is located in northern Kyushu, and 22 physicians working in a core hospital, Nakatsu Municipal Hospital. Results:? Seventy-four percent of the responding doctors with 13 various specialties had experienced DILI cases. The three most frequent causative drugs were antibiotics, folk medicines and drugs for the circulatory system. DILI associated with folk medicines was encountered mostly after 2000. The doctors' recognition of the JDDW scale and Manual were as low as 17% and 29%, respectively. Conclusion:? This survey revealed that the results of the national investigations conducted by the Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH) reflect the current state of DILI in local areas in which there is no hospital with Members of the Board of Councilors of the JSH. Widespread utilization of the Manual and JDDW scale by local doctors must be facilitated for early diagnosis of DILI and the prevention of severe conditions.

Hisamochi A; Kumashiro R; Sata M

2011-03-01

222

Validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire: comparison with energy expenditure according to the doubly labeled water method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In epidemiological research, physical activity is usually assessed by questionnaires. Questionnaires are suitable for large study populations since they are relatively inexpensive and not very time consuming. However, questionnaire information is by definition subjective and prone to recall bias, especially among elderly subjects. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire, developed by Voorrips and coworkers, measures habitual physical activity in the elderly. The questionnaire includes questions on household activities, sports, and leisure time activities, over a time period of one year. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire results in a score to classify people as high, moderate, or low in daily physical activity, based on tertiles. Methods The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire score was assessed among 21 elderly men and women using the doubly labeled water method as the reference criterion. This method is considered to be the gold standard for measuring energy expenditure in free-living individuals. Energy expenditure on physical activity is estimated by the ratio of total energy expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method and resting metabolic rate measured by indirect calorimetry. This ratio is called the physical activity ratio. Results The Spearman correlation coefficient between the questionnaire score and the physical activity ratio (PAR) was 0.54 (95% CI 0.22–0.66). Correct classification by the questionnaire occurred in 71% of participants who were in the lowest tertile of PAR, in 14% of participants in the middle tertile, and in 43% of participants in the highest tertile. Subjects were not wrongly classified in an opposite tertile. Conclusion The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire is fair-to-moderate. This study shows that the questionnaire can correctly classify individuals as low or high active, but does a poor job for moderately active individuals.

Hertogh Emmy M; Monninkhof Evelyn M; Schouten Evert G; Peeters Petra HM; Schuit Albertine J

2008-01-01

223

[Screening ability of a questionnaire designed for the detection of diabetes mellitus in hospital outpatients clinic].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The socio-economical burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) recommends its screening when the disease is suspected. In the present study we aimed to evaluate: the results of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) normally indicated in hospital outpatient clinics when diabetes is suspected, and the efficacy of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) diabetes risk questionnaire to detect glucose tolerance abnormalities. PATIENTS AND METHOD: All subjects with an indication of OGTT were included consecutively. Individuals filled up a questionnaire including the ADA items. The sensitivity and specificity of the questionnaire were calculated. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty nine subjects were studied (62.9% women): 44.1% had normal glucose tolerance (NGT) with normal fasting glucose. Moreover, 6.5%, 25.8% and 23.6% showed an impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes, respectively. According to the questionnaire, 45.8% of subjects undergoing the OGTT had a positive risk of diabetes. The questionnaire revealed a sensitivity = 72.2%, specificity = 60.6% and a positive predictive value = 37.1%. Age was the only variable that increased the risk of DM (odds ratio = 3.48, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The important proportion of patients with NGT found in our study suggests the need to improve the indication of a diagnosis test when diabetes is suspected. One possibility would be to validate a questionnaire to detect the risk of diabetes in our own area.

Costa A; Yuri A; Solà J; Conget I

2003-03-01

224

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies Ainsworth New Physical Activity Questionnaire (N-PAQ) Arizona Activity Frequency Questionnaire (AAFQ) Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey (ADNFS) Auckland Heart Study (AHS) Physical Activity

225

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

226

The laval questionnaire: a new instrument to measure quality of life in morbid obesity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Our recent review of the literature uncovered eleven obesity-specific quality of life questionnaires, all with incomplete demonstration of their measurement properties. Our objective was to validate a new self-administered questionnaire specific to morbid obesity to be used in clinical trials. The study was carried out at the bariatric surgery clinic of Laval Hospital, Quebec City, Canada. Methods This study followed our description of health-related quality of life in morbid obesity from which we constructed the Laval Questionnaire. Its construct validity and responsiveness were tested by comparing the baseline and changes at 1-year follow-up in 6 domain scores (symptoms, activity/mobility, personal hygiene/clothing, emotions, social interactions, sexual life) with those of questionnaires measuring related constructs (SF-36, Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II). Results 112 patients (67 who got bariatric surgery, 45 who remained on the waiting list during the study period) participated in this study. The analysis of the discriminative function of the questionnaire showed moderate-to-high correlations between the scores in each domain of our instrument and the corresponding questionnaires. The analysis of its evaluative function showed (1) significant differences in score changes between patients with bariatric surgery and those without, and (2) moderate-to-high correlations between the changes in scores in the new instrument and the changes in the corresponding questionnaires. Most of these correlations met the a priori predictions we had made regarding their direction and magnitude. Conclusion The Laval Questionnaire is a valid measure of health-related quality of life in patients with morbid obesity and is responsive to treatment-induced changes.

Therrien Fanny; Marceau Picard; Turgeon Nathalie; Biron Simon; Richard Denis; Lacasse Yves

2011-01-01

227

Estudo descritivo do inventário do treino técnico-desportivo do tenista: resultados parciais segundo o ranking/ A descriptive study of the "Technical Training Questionnaire for Tennis Players": partial results according to ranking  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A formação técnico-desportiva do jovem tenista é constituída principalmente pelo exercício de um grupo de jogadas exigidas para o desempenho na quadra de jogo: Golpes de Definição (GD) e Golpes de Preparação (GP). Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar como foi realizado o treino técnico-desportivo de jovens tenistas brasileiros (13 - 16 anos), que participaram do circuito nacional de competições da Confederação Brasileira de Tênis (CBT) no ano de 2003. (more) Ainda, objetivamos descrever possíveis diferenças entre o treino dos tenistas posicionados no ranking entre os 10 melhores do país (TR) e tenistas não posicionados entre os 10 melhores do país (TS). Após aplicação do Inventário do Treino Técnico-desportivo do Tenista (ITTT), observou-se diferença significativa na freqüência de treinamento dos grupos de golpes GP e GD [TR (t(63)= 13,6; p = 0,0001); TS (t= 10,6; gl = 165) p = 0,0001)]. Existe diferença significativa (p Abstract in english The technical development of young tennis players is obtained with the exercise of sets of techniques, which are required for the optimal performance: techniques of definition (GD) and preparation (GP).The goal of this study was investigate how the technical training of young tennis players from Brazil (13 to 16 years of age), who participated in competitions of the Brazilian Tennis Federation, was performed during the year of 2003. Further, we wanted to describe possible (more) differences between players ranked among the 10 best players in Brazil (TR), and players not ranked among the 10 best players in Brazil (TS). After applying the Tennis Technical Questionnaire (5), a significant difference was found in the frequency of training between GP e GD [TR (t(63)= 13.6; p = 0.0001); TS (t = 10.6; gl = 165) p = 0.0001)]. There was a significant difference (p

Balbinotti, Marcos A. A.; Balbinotti, Carlos A. A.; Marques, António T.; Gaya, Adroaldo C. A.

2005-01-01

228

Educational impact of pulmonary rehabilitation: Lung Information Needs Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The Lung Information Needs Questionnaire (LINQ) assesses, from the patient's perspective, their need for education. This questionnaire yields a total score and scores in six domains: disease knowledge, medicine, self-management, smoking, exercise and diet. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity of the LINQ to change before and after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHOD: PR programmes across the UK recruited 158 patients (male=94; 59%). The participants completed the LINQ and other measures as used by the individual sites pre- and post-PR, including the Shuttle Walking Test, Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. RESULTS: Data were analysed on 115 patients who completed data collection pre- and post-PR. The LINQ total scores, and subscales scores across all sites improved significantly with large effect sizes, except for the smoking domain as information needs about smoking were well met prior to PR. There were similar patterns of information needs at baseline and after PR in all sites. DISCUSSION: This study shows that the LINQ is a practical tool for detecting areas where patients need education and is sensitive to change after PR. The quality of the education component of PR can be assessed using the LINQ, which could be considered as a routinely collected outcome measure in PR. The LINQ may also be a useful tool for general practitioners to assess their patients' educational needs.

Jones RC; Wang X; Harding S; Bott J; Hyland M

2008-10-01

229

Sleep in Wilson?s disease: Questionnaire based study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: We proposed to detect sleep abnormalities in Wilson?s disease, (WD) using sleep questionnaires. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients (M:F = 18:7; age: 24.4 ± 9.2 years) with WD and 24 controls (all males; age: 33.1 ± 9.7 years) were recruited. They underwent phenotypic/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation followed by administration of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaires. Results: The mean age at presentation and diagnosis was 24.4 ± 9.2 and 17.6 ± 7.5 years, respectively. The duration of illness at diagnosis was 14 ± 21.9 months. On PSQI, 15 patients with WD had abnormal PSQI scores of >5 as compared to 6 patients among the controls. The mean PSQI score was significantly more (P = 0.03) in patients compared to the controls. The PSQI worst scores were noted only in WD. Evaluation with ESS showed that three patients with WD scored >10/24, while two among the controls qualified for excessive daytime sleepiness. Overall, assessment by sleep questionnaires detected abnormality in 16 patients with WD as compared to 8 controls (P = 0.004). Subgroup analysis revealed that patients whose duration of illness was >8 years and who were on decoppering treatment had significantly lesser excessive daytime somnolence. Conclusions: Sleep disturbances were observed more often in WD than in controls. Better designed studies will provide a better understanding.

Netto Archana; Sinha Sanjib; Taly Arun; Panda Samhita; Rao Shivaji

2011-01-01

230

Sensibility assessment of the HIV Disability Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the sensibility of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Disability Questionnaire (HDQ), the first HIV-specific disability questionnaire. METHODS: We administered the HDQ, a sensibility questionnaire and a structured qualitative interview to 22 adults living with HIV and five experienced clinicians. We considered the HDQ sensible if median scores on the sensibility questionnaire were ?5 for adults living with HIV and ?4 for clinicians for at least 80% of the items. We analyzed the interview data using directed qualitative content analytical techniques. RESULTS: Questionnaire scores were ?5 for 88% (15/17) of the items and ?4 for 100% (17/17) of the items for adults living with HIV and clinicians, respectively. The interview analysis indicated participants felt the HDQ possessed face and content validity in all disability dimensions, had adequate response options, was easy to complete, and adequately captured the episodic nature of disability. Participants had mixed responses about the questionnaire title and provided recommendations to refine item wording and response options. CONCLUSIONS: The HDQ appears sensible for use with adults living with HIV. Next steps include further measurement property assessment. The HDQ may be used by rehabilitation clinicians and researchers to assess disability experienced by adults living with HIV. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION: • As people with HIV infection live longer, individuals may face a range of health-related challenges due to the disease, concurrent health conditions and the potential adverse effects of treatment. Together, these health-related challenges may be termed disability. • The HIV Disability Questionnaire (HDQ) is the first HIV-specific instrument developed to describe the presence, severity and episodic nature of the disability experienced by adults living with HIV. The HDQ is comprised of four domains including symptoms and impairments, uncertainty about future health, difficulties carrying out day-to-day activities, and challenges to social inclusion. • The HDQ appears sensible for use with adults living with HIV, possessing face and content validity and ease of use in all four domains as well as describing the daily episodic nature of disability. • The HDQ may be used by rehabilitation clinicians and researchers to assess disability experienced by adults living with HIV.

O'Brien KK; Bayoumi AM; Bereket T; Swinton M; Alexander R; King K; Solomon P

2013-04-01

231

The Diane Rehm Show  

Science.gov (United States)

The Diane Rehm Show has its origins in a mid-day program at WAMU in Washington, D.C. Diane Rehm came on to host the program in 1979, and in 1984 it was renamed "The Diane Rehm Show". Over the past several decades, Rehm has played host to hundreds of guests, include Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Julie Andrews, and President Bill Clinton. This website contains an archive of her past programs, and visitors can use the interactive calendar to look through past shows. Those visitors looking for specific topics can use the "Topics" list on the left-hand side of the page, or also take advantage of the search engine. The show has a number of social networking links, including a Facebook page and a Twitter feed.

232

Validation of a French version of the Oxford knee questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Self-administered quality-of-life questionnaires are a valuable evaluation tool in orthopedic surgery to determine patient satisfaction. The Oxford knee questionnaire has been validated for osteoarthritic patients. The aim of this study was to validate a French version of this English form. One hundred patients waiting for knee replacement were selected. The answers to the questionnaire were analysed and compared to the clinical and functional International Knee Society score (IKS). HYPOTHESIS: There is negative correlation between the results of the Oxford knee questionnaire and the IKS score. RESULTS: None of the patients had difficulty understanding the questions. The mean Oxford knee score was 43.7 (range 21-56, SD 6.9). The distribution was considered normal. There was no floor effect (0%); there was a limited ceiling effect (7%). The internal consistency of the questionnaire was excellent. There was a negative correlation between the Oxford knee score and the IKS knee score, functional score and global score. DISCUSSION: Our results are very similar to the results from the normative English version of the knee questionnaire and to the results from translated questionnaires in other foreign languages. Our French adaptation of the Oxford knee questionnaire can be used to measure the global function of a patient before knee replacement as accurately as the original English version. It is self-administered, easy to use and patients can send their responses by post, which makes it a useful tool for the routine evaluation of patients before knee replacement.

Jenny JY; Diesinger Y

2011-05-01

233

[Translation and adaptation to Spanish language of the quality of life questionnaire for sleep apnea-hipopnea syndrome Quebec Sleep Questionnaire].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to translate and adapt to Spanish the Québec Sleep Questionnaire (QSQ). METHODS: For QSQ tran-cultural adaptation, the back-translation technique was used. A psychologist and a pneumonologist made a first translation of the questionnaire. Naturalness-correctness of items and conceptual equivalence were evaluated by external researchers and a group of patients. A back-translation was finally remitted to author. RESULTS: Most of the items had minimal difficulty in translation. The difficulty was moderate in only 4 of them (items 2, 7, 8, 30). Naturalness-correctness was maximal in most items and excellent in 4 (8 to 9 points). The conceptual equivalence was complete in all the items, except item 2 that showed a partial equivalence. CONCLUSIONS: The first translation and adaptation to Spanish language of the quality of life questionnaire QSQ has been done. The translation has minimal difficulty and the conceptual equivalence is almost complete.

Herrejón A; Martínez A; Peris R; Inchaurraga I; Fernández E; Blanquer R

2012-05-01

234

Ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy for the thyroid nodule: does the procedure hold any benefit for the diagnosis when fine-needle aspiration cytology analysis shows inconclusive results?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the diagnostic role of ultrasonography-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) according to ultrasonography features of thyroid nodules that had inconclusive ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) results. METHODS: A total of 88 thyroid nodules in 88 patients who underwent ultrasonography-guided CNB because of previous inconclusive FNA results were evaluated. The patients were classified into three groups based on ultrasonography findings: Group A, which was suspicious for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC); Group B, which was suspicious for follicular (Hurthle cell) neoplasm; and Group C, which was suspicious for lymphoma. The final diagnoses of the thyroid nodules were determined by surgical confirmation or follow-up after ultrasonography-guided CNB. RESULTS: Of the 88 nodules, the malignant rate was 49.1% in Group A, 12.0% in Group B and 90.0% in Group C. The rates of conclusive ultrasonography-guided CNB results after previous incomplete ultrasonography-guided FNA results were 96.2% in Group A, 64.0% in Group B and 90.0% in Group C (p=0.001). 12 cases with inconclusive ultrasonography-guided CNB results were finally diagnosed as 8 benign lesions, 3 PTCs and 1 lymphoma. The number of previous ultrasonography-guided FNA biopsies was not significantly different between the conclusive and the inconclusive result groups of ultrasonography-guided CNB (p=0.205). CONCLUSION: Ultrasonography-guided CNB has benefit for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules with inconclusive ultrasonography-guided FNA results. However, it is still not helpful for the differential diagnosis in 36% of nodules that are suspicious for follicular neoplasm seen on ultrasonography. Advances in knowledge: This study shows the diagnostic contribution of ultrasonography-guided CNB as an alternative to repeat ultrasonography-guided FNA or surgery.

Hahn SY; Shin JH; Han BK; Ko EY; Ko ES

2013-05-01

235

Multi-functional and portable hygiene and diagnostic kit for use during e.g. sporting activity, has agents and tampons provided as diagnostic and therapeutic unit to provide test results and show indications of infections  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The kit has an in-vitro diagnostic agent indicating inflammation parameters of a vagina and urine, and determining parameters of a vaginal pH value of leukocyte and nitride. A vaginal therapeutic agent i.e. gel, with probiotic agents is applied for healthy regeneration of vaginal flora. Tampons include a probiotic preparation e.g. lacto-bacilli. The kit is designed in the form of a pouch. The agents and tampons is provided as a diagnostic and therapeutic unit to provide test results of a user and show indications of infections in an uro-genital tract.

FAUST BRIGITTE; NEUMANN GERD

236

Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and the Singapore prospective study program physical activity questionnaire in a multiethnic urban Asian population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Physical activity patterns of a population remain mostly assessed by the questionnaires. However, few physical activity questionnaires have been validated in Asian populations. We previously utilized a combination of different questionnaires to assess leisure time, transportation, occupational and household physical activity in the Singapore Prospective Study Program (SP2). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been developed for a similar purpose. In this study, we compared estimates from these two questionnaires with an objective measure of physical activity in a multi-ethnic Asian population. Methods Physical activity was measured in 152 Chinese, Malay and Asian Indian adults using an accelerometer over five consecutive days, including a weekend. Participants completed both the physical activity questionnaire in SP2 (SP2PAQ) and IPAQ long form. 43subjects underwent a second set of measurements on average 6 months later to assess reproducibility of the questionnaires and the accelerometer measurements. Spearman correlations were used to evaluate validity and reproducibility and correlations for validity were corrected for within-person variation of accelerometer measurements. Agreement between the questionnaires and the accelerometer measurements was also evaluated using Bland Altman plots. Results The corrected correlation with accelerometer estimates of energy expenditure from physical activity was better for the SP2PAQ (vigorous activity: r = 0.73; moderate activity: r = 0.27) than for the IPAQ (vigorous activity: r = 0.31; moderate activity: r = 0.15). For moderate activity, the corrected correlation between SP2PAQ and the accelerometer was higher for Chinese (r = 0.38) and Malays (r = 0.57) than for Indians (r = -0.09). Both questionnaires overestimated energy expenditure from physical activity to a greater extent at higher levels of physical activity than at lower levels of physical activity. The reproducibility for moderate activity (accelerometer: r = 0.68; IPAQ: r = 0.58; SP2PAQ: r = 0.55) and vigorous activity (accelerometer: 0.52; IPAQ: r = 0.38; SP2PAQ: r = 0.75) was moderate to high for all instruments. Conclusion The agreement between IPAQ and accelerometer measurements of energy expenditure from physical activity was poor in our Asian study population. The SP2PAQ showed good validity and reproducibility for vigorous activity, but performed less well for moderate activity particularly in Indians. Further effort is needed to develop questionnaires that better capture moderate activity in Asian populations.

Nang Ei Ei Khaing; Gitau Ngunjiri Susan Ayuko; Wu Yi; Salim Agus; Tai E Shyong; Lee Jeannette; Van Dam Rob M

2011-01-01

237

Patient-reported physical activity questionnaires: a systematic review of content and format.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Many patients with chronic illness are limited in their physical activities. This systematic review evaluates the content and format of patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires that measure physical activity in elderly and chronically ill populations. METHODS: Questionnaires were identified by a systematic literature search of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO & CINAHL), hand searches (reference sections and PROQOLID database) and expert input. A qualitative analysis was conducted to assess the content and format of the questionnaires and a Venn diagram was produced to illustrate this. Each stage of the review process was conducted by at least two independent reviewers. RESULTS: 104 questionnaires fulfilled our criteria. From these, 182 physical activity domains and 1965 items were extracted. Initial qualitative analysis of the domains found 11 categories. Further synthesis of the domains found 4 broad categories: 'physical activity related to general activities and mobility', 'physical activity related to activities of daily living', 'physical activity related to work, social or leisure time activities', and '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity'. The Venn diagram showed that no questionnaires covered all 4 categories and that the '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity' category was often not combined with the other categories. CONCLUSIONS: A large number of questionnaires with a broad range of physical activity content were identified. Although the content could be broadly organised, there was no consensus on the content and format of physical activity PRO questionnaires in elderly and chronically ill populations. Nevertheless, this systematic review will help investigators to select a physical activity PRO questionnaire that best serves their research question and context.

Williams K; Frei A; Vetsch A; Dobbels F; Puhan MA; Rüdell K

2012-01-01

238

[Validity of a questionnaire for the assessment of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and physical demands].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Participatory ergonomics interventions are frequently based on the use of self-answered questionnaires intended to gathering information on work-related musculoskeletal symptoms and physical demands reported by workers. The aim of this study is to assess the validity of a questionnaire designed to be applied in these programs. METHODS: Thirty five volunteer workers from ten different companies located in Valencia and Alicante (Spain) agreed to participate. Field work was developed in 2009. Three complementary approaches were applied: reproducibility in two administrations of the questionnaire; comparing data in the questionnaire with data from direct observation of workplaces; and comparing data in the questionnaire with data from routine reports of health surveillance and risk assessment in participating companies. RESULTS: Agreement indices (weighted kappa, wK) in reproducibility analyses for musculoskeletal symptoms in the different parts of the body (thighs being the only exception) were between 0.32 (95%CI 0.05-0.59) and 0.70 (95%CI 0.41-0.99). In general, the same analyses for exposure to the different ergonomic risks yielded lower agreement indices; e.g., wK for neck positions between 0.36 (backwards, 95%CI 0.11-0.61) and 0.55 (forwards, 95%CI 0.30-0.80). In the analyses comparing with data from workplace observation, agreement indices were lower. Most items in the questionnaire show acceptable levels of agreement in reproducibility analyses, but lower indices when comparing with observation. CONCLUSIONS: Most of musculoskeletal symptoms and physical demands self-reported by the workers in the questionnaire were not included in the companies' routine health surveillance and risk assessment reports. The questionnaire is a more sensitive tool than routine health surveillance and risk assessments practices in order to identify perceived problems by workers.

García AM; Gadea R; Sevilla MJ; Ronda E

2011-08-01

239

Patient-Reported Outcome questionnaires for hip arthroscopy: a systematic review of the psychometric evidence  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hip arthroscopies are often used in the treatment of intra-articular hip injuries. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) are an important parameter in evaluating treatment. It is unclear which PRO questionnaires are specifically available for hip arthroscopy patients. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate which PRO questionnaires are valid and reliable in the evaluation of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. Methods A search was conducted in Pubmed, Medline, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Pedro, EMBASE and Web of Science from 1931 to October 2010. Studies assessing the quality of PRO questionnaires in the evaluation of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy were included. The quality of the questionnaires was evaluated by the psychometric properties of the outcome measures. The quality of the articles investigating the questionnaires was assessed by the COSMIN list. Results Five articles identified three questionnaires; the Modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS), the Nonarthritic Hip Score (NAHS) and the Hip Outcome Score (HOS). The NAHS scored best on the content validity, whereas the HOS scored best on agreement, internal consistency, reliability and responsiveness. The quality of the articles describing the HOS scored highest. The NAHS is the best quality questionnaire. The articles describing the HOS are the best quality articles. Conclusions This systematic review shows that there is no conclusive evidence for the use of a single patient-reported outcome questionnaire in the evaluation of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. Based on available psychometric evidence we recommend using a combination of the NAHS and the HOS for patients undergoing hip arthroscopy.

Tijssen Marsha; van Cingel Robert; van Melick Nicky; de Visser Enrico

2011-01-01

240

Patient-reported physical activity questionnaires: A systematic review of content and format  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many patients with chronic illness are limited in their physical activities. This systematic review evaluates the content and format of patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires that measure physical activity in elderly and chronically ill populations. Methods Questionnaires were identified by a systematic literature search of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO & CINAHL), hand searches (reference sections and PROQOLID database) and expert input. A qualitative analysis was conducted to assess the content and format of the questionnaires and a Venn diagram was produced to illustrate this. Each stage of the review process was conducted by at least two independent reviewers. Results 104 questionnaires fulfilled our criteria. From these, 182 physical activity domains and 1965 items were extracted. Initial qualitative analysis of the domains found 11 categories. Further synthesis of the domains found 4 broad categories: 'physical activity related to general activities and mobility', 'physical activity related to activities of daily living', 'physical activity related to work, social or leisure time activities', and '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity'. The Venn diagram showed that no questionnaires covered all 4 categories and that the '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity' category was often not combined with the other categories. Conclusions A large number of questionnaires with a broad range of physical activity content were identified. Although the content could be broadly organised, there was no consensus on the content and format of physical activity PRO questionnaires in elderly and chronically ill populations. Nevertheless, this systematic review will help investigators to select a physical activity PRO questionnaire that best serves their research question and context.

Williams Kate; Frei Anja; Vetsch Anders; Dobbels Fabienne; Puhan Milo A; Rüdell Katja

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users  

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Full Text Available Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD).This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ) correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questionnaire, Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) and YDQ (Young Diagnostic Questionnaire). Finally we performed a psychiatric interview (based on DSM-IV-TR) for all of the samples. For data analysis we used face, discriminative and concurrent validity, Chronbach ?, split half, test-retest and ROC Curve by SPSS-14 Software.Results: Concurrent validity was (r=0.78, 0.81), discriminative validity was (r=0.62). Besides YDQ shows internal consistency (?=0.70), split-half validity(r=0.64), test –retest reliability (r=0.74, p<0.01). The best cut off point for this questionnaire is number 4.Conclusion: The result showed that Persian version of YDQ is valid and reliable. Considering lack of a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring addiction to the internet, YDQ could be a suitable tool for measuring internet addiction in future research

S. Salman Alavi; Fereshte Jannatifard; Mehdi Eslami; Hossein Rezapour

2011-01-01

242

[Psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Metacognitions Questionnaire-30].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine basic psychometric properties as well as to confirm the five-factor structure of the Polish version ofthe Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), a short instrument to measure various aspects of maladaptive metacognitions. METHOD: The sample consisted of 315 individuals (239 females and 76 males). Fourty-five of the participants were examined twice within the test-retest procedure. Among questionnaires used in the study were MCQ-30, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and four subscales chosen from the Neurotic Personality Questionnaire (KON-2006). RESULTS: Cronbach alphas, coefficients ofreliability, reached acceptable values (0.70-0.87). Correlation coefficient (Pearson's r) between two separate administrations ofMCQ-30 was high (0.72). Correlation coefficients between results of the MCQ-30 and results of the STAI and the part of KON-2006 were statistically significant and positive (018-064). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the five-factor structure of the questionnaire (the model was modified, and the method of maximum likelihood along with bootstrap procedure was used; goodness-of-fit indices were e.g. Chi2 [391] = 764.50 with p < 0.001, Chi2/df = 1.95, GFI = 0.858, RMSEA = 0.055). CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study show generally good psychometric properties of the Polish version of the metacognitions questionnaire. Polish version of the MCQ-30 seems to be a measure comparable with the original version.

Dragan M; Dragan W?

2011-07-01

243

Validation of the Adolescent Meta-cognition Questionnaire Version  

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Full Text Available Background: The role and importance of meta-cognitive beliefs in creating and retaining of anxiety disorders were explained initially in meta-cognitive theory. The purpose of this study was to validate the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire-Adolescent version (MCQ-A) in normal Iranian people and compare of meta-cognitive beliefs between adolescents with anxiety disorders and normal individuals.Materials and Method: This was a standardized study. First of all, the original version was translated into Persian then administered to 204 (101 boys and 103 girls) adolescent aged 13 through 17 years. Theyhave been clustered randomly. They were selected from the schools of Isfahan, together with mood and feelings questionnaire and revised children's manifest anxiety scale. In order to assess reliability, method of internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficient) was used, and also in order to assess validity, convergent validity, criterion validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: The results of correlation coefficient of convergent validity showed a relation between total score of (MCQ-A) and its components with anxiety and depression except cognitive self-consciousness. Data were indicative of appropriate level of Coranbach’s alpha and split-half reliability coefficients of the MCQ-A and extracted factors. The results of factor analysis by principle components analysis and using varimax rotation showed 5 factors that account for 0.45% of the variance. Conclusion: MCQ-A has satisfactory psychometric properties in Iranian people

Kazem Khoramdel; Parinaz Sajadian; Fatemeh Bahrami; Sadegh Zangene

2012-01-01

244

Reality, ficción o show  

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Full Text Available Para tener un punto de vista claro y objetivo frente a la polémica establecida en torno al programa ?Protagonistas de novela? y la tendiente proliferación de los reality show en las parrillas de programación de la televisión colombiana, se realizó un análisis de texto y contenido de dicho programa, intentando definirlo desde sus posibilidades de realidad, ficción y show. Las unidades de análisis y el estudio de su tratamiento arrojaron un alto contenido que gira en torno a las emociones del ser humano relacionadas con la convivencia, tratadas a manera de show y con algunos aportes textuales de ficción, pero sin su elemento mediador básico, el actor, quitándole toda la posibilidad de tener un tratamiento con la profundidad, distancia y ética que requieren los temas de esta índole. El resultado es un formato que sólo busca altos índices de sintonía y que pertenece más a la denominada televisión ?trash?, que a una búsqueda de realidad del hombre y mucho menos de sociedad.

Sandra Ruíz Moreno

2002-01-01

245

Validación del "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para población colombiana  

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Full Text Available Propósito: validar el "Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire" para el uso en población clínica colombiana, obtener una versión en español que tenga equivalencia trans-lingüística y evaluar la fiabilidad, sensibilidad al cambio, validez de contenido y de constructo del instrumento traducido y adaptado al español. Métodos: estudio observacional de validación de una escala en 205 pacientes colombianos con patología de mano asistentes a las consultas de cirugía plástica, rehabilitación y reumatología en un Hospital Universitario de referencia regional. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales mostró seis dominios. A pesar de tener el mismo número de dominios, el contenido de algunos de ellos fue diferente a las subescalas originales. Se evaluó la consistencia interna incluyendo los 37 ítems de la escala original y se obtuvo un valor de Alfa de Cronbach de 0,92. Todas las subescalas tenían buena reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba excepto dolor. Al evaluar los resultados de la escala, tres y seis meses después de su primera aplicación, se pudo observar que había diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la puntuación total y en la de cada una de las subescalas. Conclusiones: la versión en español para Colombia del “Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire” tiene buena confiabilidad, validez y sensibilidad al cambio. La evaluación de consistencia interna indicó que la escala podría ser acortada y posiblemente mejoren aún más sus propiedades psicométricas.Purpose: to validate the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for its use in Colombian clinical population: to translate and adapt the scale in order to obtain a cross-linguistically equivalent version in Spanish, and to assess the reliability, sensitivity to change, and content and construct validity of the Colombian Spanish version. Methods: observational study to validate a scale in 205 Colombian patients of plastic surgery, rehabilitation, and rheumatology in a University Hospital, who had a hand disorder. Results: the principal component analysis showed six domains, as in the original questionnaire, but the content of some of them differed from the original MHQ scales. We assessed internal consistency of the entire 37-item original scale, and Cronbach’s alpha was of 0,92. All scales had good test-retest reproducibility, except for the Pain scale. Upon evaluation of the results of the scale three and six months after its first application, significant differences could be observed in the total score as well as in the scores for each of the scales. Conclusions: the Colombian Spanish version of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire has good reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. Assessment of internal consistency indicated that the scale could be reduced and its psychometric properties would possibly improve.

David Miranda; Jorge Ramírez; Liliana Rueda; Jenny García; Germán Wolf; Luz Helena Lugo A

2008-01-01

246

Implementation methods for vision related quality of life questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

AIM—To determine the most reliable and consistent method and time interval over which to implement a vision impairment quality of life assessment tool.?METHODS—117 patients with low vision aged 9-101 years were assigned into three age, sex, and visual function matched groups (n = 39 in each) to answer the Low Vision Quality of Life (LVQOL) questionnaire by post, telephone, or in person. The LVQOL questionnaire was completed on four occasions, each separated by four weeks.?RESULTS—Postal implementation was the most cost effective method, showed the highest internal consistency of LVQOL items, but resulted in a lower apparent quality of life score than either telephone or in-person interviews (p<0.001). There was no difference in test-retest reliability between the three methods of implementation (p = 0.12). The profile of LVQOL scores showed a trend towards reduced quality of life scores 3 months after the baseline measures, although this was not significant.?CONCLUSION—Posting may be the method of choice for clinical measurement of vision related quality of life. Patients with greater visual impairment were no less likely to complete a questionnaire when implemented by post and there was no apparent bias from other people assisting them. The quality of life measure can occur at any time up to 2 months after low vision rehabilitation for the progressive nature of conditions causing low vision not to cause a decreased baseline score. The LVQOL was shown to be a highly internally consistent and reliable method for measuring quality of life in the visually impaired.??

Wolffsohn, J; Cochrane, A; Watt, N

2000-01-01

247

Implementation methods for vision related quality of life questionnaires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To determine the most reliable and consistent method and time interval over which to implement a vision impairment quality of life assessment tool. METHODS: 117 patients with low vision aged 9-101 years were assigned into three age, sex, and visual function matched groups (n = 39 in each) to answer the Low Vision Quality of Life (LVQOL) questionnaire by post, telephone, or in person. The LVQOL questionnaire was completed on four occasions, each separated by four weeks. RESULTS: Postal implementation was the most cost effective method, showed the highest internal consistency of LVQOL items, but resulted in a lower apparent quality of life score than either telephone or in-person interviews (p<0.001). There was no difference in test-retest reliability between the three methods of implementation (p = 0.12). The profile of LVQOL scores showed a trend towards reduced quality of life scores 3 months after the baseline measures, although this was not significant. CONCLUSION: Posting may be the method of choice for clinical measurement of vision related quality of life. Patients with greater visual impairment were no less likely to complete a questionnaire when implemented by post and there was no apparent bias from other people assisting them. The quality of life measure can occur at any time up to 2 months after low vision rehabilitation for the progressive nature of conditions causing low vision not to cause a decreased baseline score. The LVQOL was shown to be a highly internally consistent and reliable method for measuring quality of life in the visually impaired.

Wolffsohn JS; Cochrane AL; Watt NA

2000-09-01

248

Detecting chronotype differences associated to latitude: a comparison between Horne--Ostberg and Munich Chronotype questionnaires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract Background: Chronotype, phase preference to perform activities during a 24-hour day, represents distinct circadian temporal organization of living organisms. Morning and evening types can be identified by questionnaires such as Horne and Östberg (HO) and Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ). Environmental factors, such as different light-dark cycles experienced at different latitudes, interact with the organisms' circadian timekeeping system. Therefore, chronotype is expected to vary as a result of different geographical locations. Aim: To identify differences in chronotype distribution in populations of two Brazilian cities, Natal and Sao Paulo, located at different latitudes. Subjects and methods: Two specific questionnaires, the Horne and Östberg Questionnaire (HO) and the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ), were used to identify chronotypes of undergraduate students from São Paulo and Natal. Results: The comparison of the curve distributions of HO and MCTQ scores between both cities allowed one to observe that, while HO curves of São Paulo and Natal overlapped, MCTQ curves showed a clear shift towards eveningness in São Paulo. Conclusion: This experiment confirmed results from previous studies that the farther away from the equator, the longer the delay of the sleep phase. It was also concluded that MCTQ is better at detecting this phenomenon.

Miguel M; Oliveira VC; Pereira D; Pedrazzoli M

2013-09-01

249

Not a "reality" show.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors of the preceding articles raise legitimate questions about patient and staff rights and the unintended consequences of allowing ABC News to film inside teaching hospitals. We explain why we regard their fears as baseless and not supported by what we heard from individuals portrayed in the filming, our decade-long experience making medical documentaries, and the full un-aired context of the scenes shown in the broadcast. The authors don't and can't know what conversations we had, what documents we reviewed, and what protections we put in place in each televised scene. Finally, we hope to correct several misleading examples cited by the authors as well as their offhand mischaracterization of our program as a "reality" show.

Wrong T; Baumgart E

2013-01-01

250

[Validation of the Hungarian Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in an adolescent clinical population].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The short Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) available in parent, teacher and self-report versions, is used world-wide for assessing and screening childhood behavior and mental problems, as part of clinical assessments, therapy outcome evaluations, and research tool. The aim of the present study was to extend the use of Hungarian version to a clinical sample, to examine the clinical cut-off values suggested previously on the basis of a normative sample, and to test the questionnaire's sensitivity in differentiating between different psychiatric disorders. METHOD: The parent and self-report versions of the five scale SDQ-Magy questionnaire was filled in by 716 parents and their children admitted to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry and Outpatient Clinic. Clinical (ICD) diagnoses were determined during psychiatric examination. RESULTS: With a few exceptions, internal consistencies of the scales were satisfactory (0,55-0,79), the parent version showing greater reliability compared to the self-report version. Children's age, gender, and parents' level of education had some effect on the scale scores. The questionnaire's Total problem and symptom scale scores were very effective in discriminating between the control and the clinical sample. In the clinical sample, parents rated their children's behavior and mental problems as more severe. Profiles of scale scores distinguished the wider internalizing, externalizing, and co-morbid diagnostic categories, as well as the eight specific diagnoses. Based on the normal-abnormal cut-off values proposed earlier (Turi et al., 2011), the great majority of clinical cases were screened by the questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The Hungarian version of the SDQ proved applicable in a clinical sample. Psychometric properties, variances due to age, gender and informant were consistent with international experiences. SDQ profiles related to clinical diagnoses and their difference from the control group show the sensitivity and discriminative power of the questionnaire, while the screening ability based on clinical cut-offs also supports the clinical use of the questionnaire.

Turi E; Gervai J; Áspán N; Halász J; Nagy P; Gádoros J

2013-01-01

251

[Freiburg index of patient satisfaction: interdisciplinary validation of a new psychometric questionnaire to describe treatment-related patient satisfaction].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The recently introduced Freiburg index of patient satisfaction (FIPS) is a new questionnaire to assess treatment-related patient satisfaction after surgery and interventional procedures. The questionnaire had first been tested psychometrically in a mixed population of urology patients. The current study describes the results of an interdisciplinary validation. In addition, an English version is presented. METHODS: The questionnaire was used in two cohorts of cardiology (n?=?120) and surgical (n?=?127) patients. The evaluation included a comprehensive methodological and statistical evaluation including validation in comparison to the ZUF-8 questionnaire. RESULTS: The psychometric evaluation showed good results. The analyzed samples showed no missing values or ceiling effects. Furthermore, a high reliability (Cronbach's alpha 0.82), unidimensionality, sufficient distribution of values and validity (high correlation to the ZUF-8, r?=?0.65, p?questionnaire could be confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: The FIPS constitutes an interdisciplinary validated questionnaire to evaluate treatment-related patient satisfaction which can be used to objectify and compare results from clinical studies and quality in patient care. Colleagues of English-speaking countries are invited to participate in the validation of the hereby presented English version.

Miernik A; Farin E; Kuehhas FE; Karcz WK; Keck T; Wengenmayer T; Kollum M; Bach C; Buchholz N; Schoenthaler M

2013-06-01

252

Do combined alternating sessions of 1540 nm nonablative fractional laser and percutaneous collagen induction with trichloroacetic acid 20% show better results than each individual modality in the treatment of atrophic acne scars? A randomized controlled trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Background: There have been no well-controlled studies evaluating the efficacy of combining 1540 nm nonablative fractional laser with percutaneous collagen induction (PCI) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 20% in the treatment of atrophic acne scars. Objective: We hypothesized that combined alternating sessions of both modalities would show better results than each individual modality. Methods and materials: Thirty-nine patients with post acne atrophic scars were included in this study. Patients were randomly equally divided into three groups; group 1 was subjected to six sessions of PCI combined with TCA 20% in the same session, group 2 was subjected to six sessions of 1540 nm fractional laser and group 3 was subjected to combined alternating sessions of the previously mentioned two modalities. Results: Scar severity scores improved by a mean of 59.79% (95% CI 47.38-72.21) (p < 0.001) in group 1, a mean of 61.83% (95% CI 54.09-69.56) (p < 0.001) in group 2 and a mean of 78.27% (95% CI 74.39-82.15) (p < 0.001) in group 3. The difference in the degree of improvement was statistically significant when comparing the three groups using ANOVA test (p = 0.004). Conclusion: The current work recommends combining 1540 nm nonablative fractional laser in alternation with PCI and TCA 20% in the treatment of atrophic acne scars.

Leheta TM; Abdel Hay RM; Hegazy RA; El Garem YF

2012-07-01

253

[Evaluation of 2 German Parental Questionnaires: A Comparative Analysis of the FRAKIS Questionnaire for Early Speech Development and the Early Lexical Development Inventory ELAN for 2-Year-Olds.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The German parental questionnaires FRAKIS and ELAN are 2 screening instruments, usable in the German preventive paediatric examinations for 2-year-olds. This study investigates the difference between the questionnaires with regard to validity, reliability, time- and cost-efficiency and usability in daily clinical practice.The parents of 25 children filled in the questionnaires FRAKIS and ELAN. As a reference test, the German speech development test 2 (SETK-2, Grimm 2000) was applied. Vocabulary results were compared with SETK-2 subtest production I (word production).Both parental questionnaires correlated significantly with the SETK-2 subtest production I. ELAN and FRAKIS showed equal results in classifying patients as "critical-below average" or "uncritical-indifferent".The ELAN as well as FRAKIS are both appropriate screening tools for identifying language developmental delay in 2-year-olds.

Gleissner H; Eysholdt U; Döllinger M; Ziethe A

2013-06-01

254

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: renal replacement therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, with those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (Drs. Palmer, Hricik, and Golper, respectively). After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers then were briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580784

Golper, Thomas A; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

255

Assessing Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances (PATHS): The PATHS questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

How people perceive the nature of a hazardous substance may determine how they respond when potentially exposed to it. We tested a new Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances (PATHS) questionnaire. In Study 1 (N = 21), we assessed the face validity of items concerning perceptions about eight properties of a hazardous substance. In Study 2 (N = 2030), we tested the factor structure, reliability and validity of the PATHS questionnaire across four qualitatively different substances. In Study 3 (N = 760), we tested the impact of information provision on Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances scores. Our results showed that our eight measures demonstrated good reliability and validity when used for non-contagious hazards.

Rubin GJ; Amlôt R; Page L; Pearce J; Wessely S

2013-08-01

256

Condition-specific quality of life questionnaires for caregivers of children with pediatric conditions: a systematic review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Childhood illness or disability can affect the quality of life (QoL) of the child's primary caregiver. Our aim was to identify, describe the content and systematically review the psychometric properties of condition-specific QoL questionnaires for caregivers of children. METHODS: Medline, PsycInfo, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library databases were searched from 1 January 1990 to 30 June 2011. Articles related to the development and measurement of caregiver QoL were screened to identify condition-specific questionnaires. The characteristics of the questionnaires were extracted, and their psychometric properties were evaluated using the consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instruments checklist with 4-point scale. RESULTS: We identified 25 condition-specific caregiver QoL questionnaires covering 16 conditions. Conditions included atopic dermatitis, asthma, diabetes, oro-facial disorders, and two acute illnesses. Questionnaires were developed predominantly in high-income countries. Questionnaires had the highest quality rating for content validity, followed by hypothesis testing. Methodological quality was satisfactory for criterion validity; fair in reliability and responsiveness; and poor in internal consistency and structural validity. CONCLUSIONS: The increasing number of questionnaires developed over time shows improved recognition of the importance of caregiver QoL. There is a paucity of QoL questionnaires for caregivers of otherwise healthy children suffering from physical injuries and acute conditions associated with significant caregiver burden. Cultural validation of existing and new questionnaires in lower-income countries is necessary. Data collected by condition-specific questionnaires can assist clinicians and health economists in estimating caregiver burden and the types of healthcare services caregivers require and may be useful for healthcare administrators to evaluate interventions.

Chow MY; Morrow AM; Cooper Robbins SC; Leask J

2013-01-01

257

The negative affect repair questionnaire: factor analysis and psychometric evaluation in three samples.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Negative affect and difficulties in its regulation have been connected to several adverse psychological consequences. While several questionnaires exist, it would be important to have a theory-based measure that includes clinically relevant items and shows good psychometric properties in healthy and patient samples. This study aims at developing such a questionnaire, combining the two Gross [1] scales Reappraisal and Suppression with an additional response-focused scale called Externalizing Behavioral Strategies covering clinically relevant items. METHODS: The samples consisted of 684 students (mean age?=?23.3, SD?=?3.5; 53.6% female) and 369 persons with mixed mental disorders (mean age?=?36.0 SD?=?14.6; 71.2% female). Items for the questionnaire were derived from existing questionnaires and additional items were formulated based on suggestions by clinical experts. All items start with "When I don't feel well, in order to feel better…". Participants rated how frequently they used each strategy on a 5-point Likert scale. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were conducted to verify the factor structure in two separate student samples and a clinical sample. Group comparisons and correlations with other questionnaires were calculated to ensure validity. RESULTS: After modification, the CFA showed good model fit in all three samples. Reliability scores (Cronbach's ?) for the three NARQ scales ranged between .71 and .80. Comparisons between students and persons with mental disorders showed the postulated relationships, as did comparisons between male and female students and persons with or without Borderline Personality Disorder. Correlations with other questionnaires suggest the NARQ's construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the NARQ is a psychometrically sound and reliable measure with practical use for therapy planning and tracking of treatment outcome across time. We advocate the integration of the new response-focused strategy in the Gross's model of emotion regulation.

Scherer A; Eberle N; Boecker M; Vögele C; Gauggel S; Forkmann T

2013-01-01

258

The negative affect repair questionnaire: factor analysis and psychometric evaluation in three samples  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Negative affect and difficulties in its regulation have been connected to several adverse psychological consequences. While several questionnaires exist, it would be important to have a theory-based measure that includes clinically relevant items and shows good psychometric properties in healthy and patient samples. This study aims at developing such a questionnaire, combining the two Gross [1] scales Reappraisal and Suppression with an additional response-focused scale called Externalizing Behavioral Strategies covering clinically relevant items. Methods The samples consisted of 684 students (mean age?=?23.3, SD?=?3.5; 53.6% female) and 369 persons with mixed mental disorders (mean age?=?36.0 SD?=?14.6; 71.2% female). Items for the questionnaire were derived from existing questionnaires and additional items were formulated based on suggestions by clinical experts. All items start with “When I don’t feel well, in order to feel better…”. Participants rated how frequently they used each strategy on a 5-point Likert scale. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were conducted to verify the factor structure in two separate student samples and a clinical sample. Group comparisons and correlations with other questionnaires were calculated to ensure validity. Results After modification, the CFA showed good model fit in all three samples. Reliability scores (Cronbach’s ?) for the three NARQ scales ranged between .71 and .80. Comparisons between students and persons with mental disorders showed the postulated relationships, as did comparisons between male and female students and persons with or without Borderline Personality Disorder. Correlations with other questionnaires suggest the NARQ’s construct validity. Conclusions The results indicate that the NARQ is a psychometrically sound and reliable measure with practical use for therapy planning and tracking of treatment outcome across time. We advocate the integration of the new response-focused strategy in the Gross’s model of emotion regulation.

Scherer Anne; Eberle Nicole; Boecker Maren; Vögele Claus; Gauggel Siegfried; Forkmann Thomas

2013-01-01

259

Validation of Assessment for Learning Questionnaires for teachers and students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Assessment can be a powerful force in promoting student learning. Still, few measures exist to gauge Assessment for Learning (AFL) in the classroom. Literature on AFL suggests that it encompasses both a monitor to track student progress as well as a scaffold to show or help students recognize in what areas they need to improve. AIMS: Based on a review of recent attempts to measure the AFL, we constructed Assessment for Learning Questionnaires for Teachers (TAFL-Q) and for students (SAFL-Q) for evaluating perceptions regarding AFL practices in classrooms using matching items. SAMPLE: The total sample included 1,422 students (49% girls, 51% boys) and 237 teachers (43% females, 57% males) in lower vocational secondary education. METHODS: The 28-item questionnaires were examined by means of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using EQS on one random half of the sample. The CFA was cross-validated on the second half. Measurement invariance tests were conducted to compare the students and teacher versions of the questionnaires. RESULTS: CFA revealed a stable second-order two-factor structure that was cross-validated: perceived monitoring, and perceived scaffolding subsumed under a common factor: AFL. Tests for measurement invariance showed that the parallel constructs were measured similarly for both students and teachers. CONCLUSION: The TAFL-Q and SAFL-Q capture the construct AFL in two subscales: Monitoring and Scaffolding, and allows for comparisons between teacher and student perceptions. The instruments can be useful tools for teachers and students alike to identify and scrutinize assessment practices in classroom.

Pat-El RJ; Tillema H; Segers M; Vedder P

2013-03-01

260

Structure Standardization, Validity and Reliability of Subjective Well-being Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectives: To design a short questionnaire on subjective well-being and the assessment of its validity and reliability. Method: Using references, a set of questions was gathered and constructed, and was assessed in two phases. In the first phase, it was randomly administered to 70 Mobarake Steel Complex personnel in Isfahan, Iran, and in the second phase it was administered to 40 personnel who had referred to a counseling center subsequent to a diagnosis of depressive disorder and anxiety via interview-as well as 166 non-referred personnel in a random manner. Internal consistency, content validity, diagnostic validity, reliability, cut-off points, sensitivity and specificity of the questionnaire and its measurement error were calculated using correlation, analysis of variance, independent t, discriminate analysis and factor analysis. Results: The results of factor analysis showed four sub-scales: vitality, life determination, neuroses, and stress-depression. Cronbach’s alpha for these four subscales was higher than 0.8. The difference between the normal and the patient group (p<0.0001) indicated the validity of the questionnaire. Cut-off point, sensitivity and specificity of this questionnaire were 1.9%, 67.5%, and 78% respectively. Conclusion: Considering its favorable psychometric features, this questionnaire could be used for research, diagnostic and treatment purposes.

Hossein Molavi; Hajar Torkan; Iraj Soltani; Hasan Palahang

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Dietary fiber showed no preventive effect against colon and rectal cancers in Japanese with low fat intake: an analysis from the results of nutrition surveys from 23 Japanese prefectures  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Since Fuchs' report in 1999, the reported protective effect of dietary fiber from colorectal carcinogenesis has led many researchers to question its real benefit. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between diet, especially dietary fiber and fat and colorectal cancer in Japan. Methods A multiple regression analysis (using the stepwise variable selection method) was performed using the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) of colon and rectal cancer in 23 Japanese prefectures as objective variables and dietary fiber, nutrients and food groups as explanatory variables. Results As for colon cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficients were positively significant for fat (1,13, P = 0.000), seaweeds (0.41, P = 0.026) and beans (0.45, P = 0.017) and were negatively significant for vitamin A (-0.63, P = 0.003), vitamin C (-0.42, P = 0.019) and yellow-green vegetables (-0.37, P = 0.046). For rectal cancer, the standardized partial correlation coefficient in fat (0.60, P = 0.002) was positively significant. Dietary fiber was not found to have a significant relationship with either colon or rectal cancers. Conclusions This study failed to show any protective effect of dietary fiber in subjects with a low fat intake (Japanese) in this analysis, which supports Fuchs' findings in subjects with a high fat intake (US Americans).

Nakaji Shigeyuki; Shimoyama Tadashi; Umeda Takashi; Sakamoto Juichi; Katsura Shuji; Sugawara Kazuo; Baxter David

2001-01-01

262

Cross-cultural adaptation of the instrument "Family Needs Questionnaire"/ Adaptación transcultural del instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire/ Adaptação transcultural do instrumento Family Needs Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de desenvolvimento metodológico sobre a adaptação transcultural do Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estruturado, desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos, para medir as necessidades percebidas pelos membros da família, após o trauma cranioencefálico (TCE) de um familiar. O propósito desse instrumento é identificar necessidades atendidas e não atendidas importantes para os familiares. A tradução e adaptação do FNQ seguiram m (more) etodologia própria que permitiu alcançar equivalência semântica, idiomática, cultural e conceitual do instrumento traduzido, denominado, em português, Questionário de Necessidades da Família. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário em 161 familiares mostraram que o conteúdo do instrumento é válido para medir, em nosso meio, as necessidades dos familiares que têm pessoas com TCE. Abstract in spanish Se trata de estudio cuantitativo de desarrollo metodológico sobre la adaptación transcultural del Family Neds Questionnaire (FNQ), instrumento estructurado, desarrollado en los Estados Unidos, para medir las necesidades percibidas por los miembros de la familia, después del trauma cráneo encefálico (TCE) de un familiar. El propósito de ese instrumento es identificar necesidades atendidas y no atendidas importantes para los familiares. La traducción y adaptación de (more) l FNQ siguieron una metodología propia que permitió alcanzar equivalencia semántica, idiomática, cultural y conceptual del instrumento traducido, denominado, en portugués, Cuestionario de Necesidades de la Familia. Los resultados de la aplicación del cuestionario en 161 familiares mostraron que el contenido del instrumento es válido para medir, en nuestro medio, las necesidades de los familiares que tiene personas con TCE. Abstract in english This is a quantitative methodological development study on the cross-cultural adaptation of the "Family Needs Questionnaire" (FNQ), which is a structured instrument developed in the United States to measure the perceived needs of family members after the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) of a relative. This instrument aims to identify important needs presented by family members, whether met or not. The FNQ translation and adaptation followed a particular method, which permitte (more) d to achieve semantic, idiomatic, cultural and conceptual equivalence of the instrument version labeled in Portuguese as "Questionário de Necessidades da Família". The results of the questionnaire application to 161 family members showed that the instrument content is valid to measure the needs of families of patients with TBI in the Brazilian context.

Hora, Edilene Curvelo; Sousa, Regina Márcia Cardoso de

2009-08-01

263

Development and validation of the French ASQoL questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic condition with significant impact on quality of life. The objective was to cross-culturally adapt into French and validate the ASQoL, an 18-item disease-specific self-report questionnaire. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation according to published guidelines used forward and backward translations, with an emphasis on expert committee informed decision making. A sample of active AS French patients answered the questionnaire twice, two weeks apart. A transition question helped identify those with no or some change over time. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation resulted in rewording outcome categories from yes/no into true/false to better suit the French context. In 139 patients (mean age 40.9 years, 54.6% males) with active disease (mean BASDAI 4.8), the mean ASQoL score was 10.0. A 2-parameter Rasch model confirmed unidimensionality (chi-square fit p=0.86) with good item discrimination. Internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha 0.9). Convergent validity was ascertained by high correlation of ASQoL score with disease activity measures (r=0.57 to 0.79). Test-retest reproducibility was satisfactory (ICC 0.89). Responsiveness was moderate (SRM 0.44) in patients improving and good (SRM 0.68) in patients worsening over the period. CONCLUSIONS: These results show equivalence in content and validity of the cross-culturally adapted ASQoL for French speaking settings.

Pham T; van der Heijde DM; Pouchot J; Guillemin F

2010-05-01

264

Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that quality of life measured by long disease-specific questionnaires may predict exacerbations in asthma and COPD, however brief quality of life tools, such as the Airways Questionnaire 20 (AQ20) or the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), have not yet been evaluated as predictors of hospital exacerbations. OBJECTIVES: To determine the ability of brief specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaires (AQ20 and CCQ) to predict emergency department visits (ED) and hospitalizations in patients with asthma and COPD, and to compare them to longer disease-specific questionnaires, such as the St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). METHODS: We conducted a two-year prospective cohort study of 208 adult patients (108 asthma, 100 COPD). Baseline sociodemographic, clinical, functional and psychological variables were assessed. All patients completed the AQ20 and the SGRQ. COPD patients also completed the CCQ and the CRQ, while asthmatic patients completed the AQLQ. We registered all exacerbations that required ED or hospitalizations in the follow-up period. Differences between groups (zero ED visits or hospitalizations versus???1 ED visits or hospitalizations) were tested with Pearson´s X(2) or Fisher´s exact test for categorical variables, ANOVA for normally distributed continuous variables, and Mann-Whitney U test for non-normally distributed variables. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the predictive ability of each HRQoL questionnaire. RESULTS: In the first year of follow-up, the AQ20 scores predicted both ED visits (OR: 1.19; p?=?.004; AUC 0.723) and hospitalizations (OR: 1.21; p?=?.04; AUC 0.759) for asthma patients, and the CCQ emerged as independent predictor of ED visits in COPD patients (OR: 1.06; p?=?.036; AUC 0.651), after adjusting for sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. Among the longer disease-specific questionnaires, only the AQLQ emerged as predictor of ED visits in asthma patients (OR: 0.9; p?=?.002; AUC 0.727). In the second year of follow-up, none of HRQoL questionnaires predicted exacerbations. CONCLUSIONS: AQ20 predicts exacerbations in asthma and CCQ predicts ED visits in COPD in the first year of follow-up. Their predictive ability is similar to or even higher than that of longer disease-specific questionnaires.

Blanco-Aparicio M; Vázquez I; Pita-Fernández S; Pértega-Diaz S; Verea-Hernando H

2013-01-01

265

A new questionnaire to assess endorsement of normative ethics in primary health care: development, reliability and validity study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Assessing ethical endorsement is crucial to the study of professional performance and moral conduct. There are no specific instruments that verify patients and professional experiences of ethical practice in the specific area of primary health care (PHC). OBJECTIVE: To study the psychometric properties of two questionnaires to identify professional and patient endorsement of normative ethics. METHODS: A methodological study conducted in PHC centres from an urban area (Barcelona). A group of items from an ethical code were generated using a qualitative study with focus groups. Items underwent expert validation, item refinement and test-retest reliability. Two groups of items for PHC professionals and patients were validated. The structure of the constructs and the internal consistency were studied after participants completed the questionnaires. Principal component analysis with supplementary variables showed the utility of the validated questionnaires. RESULTS: The patients' questionnaire consisted of 17 general items plus 11 additional items on specific conditions, and the health professional's contained 24 general and 9 specific items. The construct of the questionnaires comprised a three-factor solution for patients and a five-factor solution for professionals. Principal component analysis with supplementary variables showed that patients with higher scores on ethical perception were associated with better opinions on health care quality and more confidence in professionals. In PHC professionals, higher scores were associated with effective knowledge of the code. CONCLUSIONS: Both questionnaires showed good psychometric properties and are valid to screen ethical attitudes. The instrument warrants further testing and use with culturally diverse patients and PHC professionals.

González-de Paz L; Devant-Altimir M; Kostov B; Mitjavila-López J; Navarro-Rubio MD; Sisó-Almirall A

2013-09-01

266

[Creativity and personality analysis in 302 medical students using personality questionnaires].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the creativity of medical students and study their personality characteristics using personality questionnaires. METHODS: This investigation was conducted among 310 medical students using 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). RESULTS: A total of 302 students completed the questionnaires. The male and female students showed significant differences in two sub-factors with similar creativity. Four subfactors were identified to positively or inversely correlate to the creativity. The number of male students without either high or low scores was greater than that of female students. The incidences of abnormal scores in 16PF showed significant difference between students with typical EPQ scores and those with atypical scores for introversion-extroversion. CONCLUSIONS: These medical students do not show high creativity in this study. Compared with the male medical students, the female students are more likely to have extroverted personality, and their scores for 16 basic personality factors easily exceed the normal ranges, suggesting the necessity of mental health education. The students with at least 5 abnormal scores in 16PF may show a typical introversion-extroversion personality, and individual psychological counseling can be considered when necessary.

Wang YP; Tian Y; Liu L; Ma XX; Deng YN

2009-03-01

267

Validation of the Persian Version of the 40-item Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Background: As a disease of motor nervous system (motor neuron disease), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a great impact on several aspects of quality of life (QoL). Generic questionnaires of QoL do not address all the especial features of ALS and therefore translation and validation of disease specific questionnaires such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire 40-item (ALSAQ-40) is necessary for assessment of patients with different languages. The aim of this study was to review the validation of the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40.Methods: Meticulously translated ALSAQ-40 was completed by 21 ALS patients. Internal reliability was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and item-total correlation was also used to evaluate the correlation of each question with total score. Validity was evaluated through comparison with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-revised (ALSFRS-r) and the36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).Results: Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91-0.96 for different scales of the ALSAQ-40. All the 40 questions of the questionnaire had correlation greater than 0.5. Correlation coefficient of all the related scales of the Persian version of ALSAQ-40, SF-36 and ALSFRS-r was greater than 0.59 with P value < 0.001.Conclusion: Measures of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and item-total correlation demonstrated reliability and consistency of the questionnaire, and correlation coefficients confirmed the validity of different items in the questionnaire. This study showed that the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40 is a reliable and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of QoL in ALS patients with Persian language.

Hosein Shamshiri; Mohammad Reza Eshraghian; Nastaran Ameli; Shahriar Nafissi

2013-01-01

268

The development of a symptom questionnaire for assessing virtual reality viewing using a head-mounted display.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Virtual reality devices, including virtual reality head-mounted displays, are becoming increasingly accessible to the general public as technological advances lead to reduced costs. However, there are numerous reports that adverse effects such as ocular discomfort and headache are associated with these devices. To investigate these adverse effects, questionnaires that have been specifically designed for other purposes such as investigating motion sickness have often been used. The primary purpose of this study was to develop a standard questionnaire for use in investigating symptoms that result from virtual reality viewing. In addition, symptom duration and whether priming subjects elevates symptom ratings were also investigated. METHODS: A list of the most frequently reported symptoms following virtual reality viewing was determined from previously published studies and used as the basis for a pilot questionnaire. The pilot questionnaire, which consisted of 12 nonocular and 11 ocular symptoms, was administered to two groups of eight subjects. One group was primed by having them complete the questionnaire before immersion; the other group completed the questionnaire postviewing only. Postviewing testing was carried out immediately after viewing and then at 2-min intervals for a further 10 min. RESULTS: Priming subjects did not elevate symptom ratings; therefore, the data were pooled and 16 symptoms were found to increase significantly. The majority of symptoms dissipated rapidly, within 6 min after viewing. Frequency of endorsement data showed that approximately half of the symptoms on the pilot questionnaire could be discarded because <20% of subjects experienced them. CONCLUSIONS: Symptom questionnaires to investigate virtual reality viewing can be administered before viewing, without biasing the findings, allowing calculation of the amount of change from pre- to postviewing. However, symptoms dissipate rapidly and assessment of symptoms needs to occur in the first 5 min postviewing. Thirteen symptom questions, eight nonocular and five ocular, were determined to be useful for a questionnaire specifically related to virtual reality viewing using a head-mounted display.

Ames SL; Wolffsohn JS; McBrien NA

2005-03-01

269

The copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire II (COPSOQ II) in Spain-A tool for psychosocial risk assessment at the workplace.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: To describe the second version of the Spanish Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and to present evidence of its validity and reliability. METHODS: The original Danish long COPSOQ II questionnaire was adapted to the labor market, cultural, and linguistic setting of Spain and included in the 2010 Spanish Psychosocial Risks Survey. Analysis involved the assessment of psychometric characteristics and associations among psychosocial scales and health scales. Medium and short versions were derived from the long one. RESULTS: The long questionnaire was configured with 24 dimensions (92 items); medium-length questionnaire with 20 dimensions (69 items); and short questionnaire with 14 dimensions (28 items). All scales showed acceptable reliability and concordance between versions. Most associations among psychosocial scales and Mental Health, Stress, and Burnout scales were in the expected direction, except the scale of Influence, that showed some incongruent associations. CONCLUSION: Results support the validity and reliability of Spanish COPSOQ II questionnaires as tools for psychosocial risk assessment at the workplace, however, better scales should be developed specially for the dimension of Influence. Am. J. Ind. Med. 9999:1-11, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Moncada S; Utzet M; Molinero E; Llorens C; Moreno N; Galtés A; Navarro A

2013-09-01

270

Development and Validation of the Social Emotional Competence Questionnaire (SECQ)  

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Full Text Available Reliable and valid measures of children's and adolescents' social emotional competence (SEC) are necessary to develop in order to assess their social emotional development and provide appropriate intervention in child and adolescent development. A pool of 25 items was created for the Social Emotional Competence Questionnaire (SECQ) that represented five dimensions of SEC: self-awareness, social awareness, self-management, relationship management and responsible decision-making. A series of four studies are reported relating to the development and validation of the measure. Confirmatory factor analyses of the responses of 444 fourth-graders showed an acceptable fit of the model. The model was replicated with another 356 secondary school students. Additional studies revealed good internal consistency. The significant correlations among the five SEC components and academic performance provided evidence for the predictive validity of the instrument. With multiple samples, these results showed that the scale holds promise as a reliable, valid measure of SEC.

Mingming Zhou; Jessie Ee

2012-01-01

271

Normative data and psychometric properties of the quality of life questionnaire for patients with diabetes mellitus  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) affectes multiple aspects of life in a diabetic patient. Theseinfluences does not take two much attention in the health system. The Persian version of quality of lifeassessment tools in these patients is not checked. The aim of this study was to examine the normative dataand some of the psychometric properties of the Persian version of quality of life questionnaire in patientswith diabetes mellitus in an Iranian population.Materials and Methods: Subjects were DM patients who were referred to health centers of Isfahan city(Iran) in 2007. A total number of 120 diabetic patients were selected through stratified randomizedsampling as well as equal number of matched control subjects. A demographic questionnaire, diabetesquality of life (DQOL) and WHO- quality of life (WHO-QOL) tools were administered to both groups.Results: The total mean score of QOL was relatively low in DM patients except for the domains ofworries. Using the chronbach’s alpha test, the reliability of the whole questionnaire and its subscales weredetermined to be 0.89 and 0.51 to 0.84, respectively. Also each question showed an internal positiveconsistency whit the whole questionnaire except for the 8th question of the effects domain (r= -0.21). Thecorrelation co-efficient of co-administration of the two questionnaires and their subscales were 0.63 0.60,0.39 and 0.05, respectively. The range of rough scores of the patients and the healthy subjects were 1.37to 3.97 and 1.18 to 3.37, respectively. The cut-off point was determined to be 2.06 based on the analysisof differentiations. The factor analysis was using the major elements and Varimax Rotation resulted in 6factors.Conclusion: Our findings showed that the DQOL has proper normative data and psychometricproperties in our samples. This questionnaire can be used in confidence by the health centers of Iran.

Nasrin Masaeli; Abbasa Attari; Hossein Molavi; Marziyeh Najafi; Mansoor Siavash

2010-01-01

272

Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil): validação semântica/ Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Brazil Version): semantic validation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar tradução e adaptação transcultural do Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF)10, que avalia o craving por maconha em uma amostra brasileira. MÉTODO: O MCQ-SF foi traduzido do inglês para o português, aplicado em 10 sujeitos, submetido ao brainstorming num grupo de três indivíduos para reprodução individual e verbal, item a item. Realizou-se o back-translation, uma versão para o idioma de origem, a partir da prime (more) ira tradução e do brainstorming. Logo após, traduziu-se novamente para o português. Um comitê de juízes especialistas analisou todas as traduções. RESULTADOS: Após as considerações do comitê e um estudo-piloto com 30 sujeitos, a versão final do MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil foi construída. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram uma equivalência semântica satisfatória entre as versões. O MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil pode ser útil para avaliar o craving pela maconha nos dependentes dessa substância. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF)10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF) was translated from English to Portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. Back-translation was executed, a translation for the origi (more) nal language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. Soon after, it was translated again into Portuguese. A committee of specialists analyzed all translations. RESULTS: After the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil was built. CONCLUSION: The results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. The MCQ/Versão Brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.

Pedroso, Rosemeri Siqueira; Castro, Maria da Graça Tanori de; Araujo, Renata Brasil

2009-01-01

273

Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil): validação semântica Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Brazil Version): semantic validation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar tradução e adaptação transcultural do Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF)10, que avalia o craving por maconha em uma amostra brasileira. MÉTODO: O MCQ-SF foi traduzido do inglês para o português, aplicado em 10 sujeitos, submetido ao brainstorming num grupo de três indivíduos para reprodução individual e verbal, item a item. Realizou-se o back-translation, uma versão para o idioma de origem, a partir da primeira tradução e do brainstorming. Logo após, traduziu-se novamente para o português. Um comitê de juízes especialistas analisou todas as traduções. RESULTADOS: Após as considerações do comitê e um estudo-piloto com 30 sujeitos, a versão final do MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil foi construída. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram uma equivalência semântica satisfatória entre as versões. O MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil pode ser útil para avaliar o craving pela maconha nos dependentes dessa substância.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF)10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF) was translated from English to Portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. Back-translation was executed, a translation for the original language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. Soon after, it was translated again into Portuguese. A committee of specialists analyzed all translations. RESULTS: After the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil was built. CONCLUSION: The results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. The MCQ/Versão Brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.

Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso; Maria da Graça Tanori de Castro; Renata Brasil Araujo

2009-01-01

274

[Structured review of physical activity measurement with questionnaires and scales in older adults and the elderly].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the distinct questionnaires and scales used to measure physical activity, their conceptual frameworks, psychometric properties and application norms. METHOD: The review included original articles that used questionnaires or scales to assess physical activity in older adults or the elderly. The CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were consulted for the years 1993 to 2007. The studies selected had to provide information on the use, development and psychometric properties of the instruments. Instruments used in the population aged more than 45 years old were included. Articles that assessed physical activity by direct estimation, complex methods, or physical performance were excluded. RESULTS: The search produced 166 references and 36 instruments were identified. Most of the studies quantified physical activity, and a minority assessed self-efficacy in physical activity performance and the stage of change. Half of the instruments were self-administered. The most frequently studied reliability was test-retest. Criterion validity was studied in 14 instruments, and 11 of these used at least two alternative methods of measurement. Construct validity was assessed in 26 instruments. Responsiveness was evaluated in only three instruments (YPAS, CHAMPS and Exercise Stage of Change) in addition to reliability and validity. CONCLUSIONS: The Exercise Stage of Change questionnaire showed responsiveness and sufficient reliability to allow individual use. The 7Day PAR questionnaire and the Modified Baecke Questionnaire (Spanish version), which evaluate physical activity, can be used on an individual basis, although their responsiveness has not been studied. In general, the instruments analyzed do not assess mild intensity activities.

Guirao-Goris JA; Cabrero-García J; Moreno Pina JP; Muñoz-Mendoza CL

2009-07-01

275

Comparison between two generic questionnaires to assess satisfaction with medication in chronic diseases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to compare two generic questionnaires assessing patients' satisfaction with medication. In addition we tested whether satisfaction can predict adherence to medication regimens in patients with chronic diseases, and which dimensions of satisfaction are most involved. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted over one year in a heterogeneous population of patients with various chronic diseases. Satisfaction with medication was assessed by using the TSQM® vII and the SatMed-Q® questionnaires, and adherence to treatment was assessed with the Morisky-Green questionnaire. Clinical pharmacists interviewed patients to collect clinical, demographic and therapeutic data. RESULTS: 190 patients were enrolled. Both questionnaires showed excellent reliability and correlation was high (R=0.70; p<0.001). Adherence was correlated with satisfaction with medication whether assessed with the SatMed-Q® (R=0.23; p=0.002) or the TSQM® (R=0.17; p=0.02). Among different dimensions of satisfaction, convenience of use and side effects are prominent predictors of adherence. CONCLUSION: Adherence is related to the patient's satisfaction with medication whether assessed with the TSQM® vII or the SatMed-Q®. Therefore, these simple questionnaires could be used as predictive tools to identify patients whos' adherence needs to be improved.

Delestras S; Roustit M; Bedouch P; Minoves M; Dobremez V; Mazet R; Lehmann A; Baudrant M; Allenet B

2013-01-01

276

Questionnaires in dictionary use research: A reexamination  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper re-examines the usefulness of questionnaires in dictionary use research, using Glynn Hatherall's well-known criticism of questionnaires as a starting point. It is argued here that charges directed at questionnaires apply equally easily to the alternatives suggested by Hatherall. It...

Lew, Robert

277

Psychometric properties of the Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ) is a 50-item self-report questionnaire specifically developed for nurses and allied health professionals. Its seven subscales measure impairments in the work functioning due to common mental disorders. Aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the NWFQ, by assessing reproducibility and construct validity. METHODS: The questionnaire was administered to 314 nurses and allied health professionals with a re-test in 112 subjects. Reproducibility was assessed by the intraclass correlations coefficients (ICC) and the standard error of measurement (SEM). For construct validity, correlations were calculated with a general work functioning scale, the Endicott Work Productivity Scale (EWPS) (convergent validity) and with a physical functioning scale (divergent validity). For discriminative validity, a Mann Whitney U test was performed testing for significant differences between subjects with mental health complaints and without. RESULTS: All subscales showed good reliability (ICC: 0.72-0.86), except for one (ICC?=?0.16). Convergent validity was good in six subscales, correlations ranged from 0.38-0.62. However, in one subscale the correlation with the EWPS was too low (0.22). Divergent validity was good in all subscales based on correlations ranged from (-0.06)-(-0.23). Discriminative validity was good in all subscales, based on significant differences between subjects with and without mental health complaints (p<0.001-p?=?0.003). CONCLUSION: The NWFQ demonstrates good psychometric properties, for six of the seven subscales. Subscale "impaired decision making" needs improvement before further use.

Gärtner FR; Nieuwenhuijsen K; van Dijk FJ; Sluiter JK

2011-01-01

278

Validation of Italian version of Brace Questionnaire (BrQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Brace questionnaire (BrQ) is a tool used to evaluate Health Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) that undergo bracing treatment. The BrQ has not been translated and validated for Italian-speaking patients with AIS. The aim of the study was to perform a trans-cultural validation of BrQ to be used in an Italian speaking population. METHODS: Translation into Italian (I-BrQ) and back translation to the original Greek (G-BrQ) was performed. The final I-BrQ was then analyzed for Italian cultural characteristics and no inconsistencies were found. After that, construct validity was measured analyzing the I-BrQ relationship with 1) Scoliosis Research Society-22 patient Questionnaire (SRS-22), in order to evaluate the relationship with another patient-oriented questionnaire not focused on brace therapy; 2) Cobb degree scale, in order to evaluate the relationship with the magnitude of the curve. Reproducibility was also tested. RESULTS: Translation of the G-BrQ into Italian was successful and back-translation to Greek corresponded well with the original Greek version.Global I-BrQ correlated strongly with SRS-22 (r = 0.826; p < 0.001). Almost all sub scores from each I-BrQ domain strongly correlated with the single domain scores of SRS-22. Only two I-BrQ sub scores weakly inversely correlated with Cobb degree value.Reproducibility was good (Spearman-Brown coefficient value was 0.943; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Trans-cultural validation in Italian language showed the validity and reliability of the I-BrQ.

Aulisa AG; Guzzanti V; Galli M; Erra C; Scudieri G; Padua L

2013-08-01

279

Validity of the occupational sitting and physical activity questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Sitting at work is an emerging occupational health risk. Few instruments designed for use in population-based research measure occupational sitting and standing as distinct behaviors. This study aimed to develop and validate brief measure of occupational sitting and physical activity. METHODS: A convenience sample (n = 99, 61% female) was recruited from two medium-sized workplaces and by word-of-mouth in Sydney, Australia. Participants completed the newly developed Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire (OSPAQ) and a modified version of the MONICA Optional Study on Physical Activity Questionnaire (modified MOSPA-Q) twice, 1 wk apart. Participants also wore an ActiGraph accelerometer for the 7 d in between the test and retest. Analyses determined test-retest reliability with intraclass correlation coefficients and assessed criterion validity against accelerometers using the Spearman ?. RESULTS: The test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients for occupational sitting, standing, and walking for OSPAQ ranged from 0.73 to 0.90, while that for the modified MOSPA-Q ranged from 0.54 to 0.89. Comparison of sitting measures with accelerometers showed higher Spearman correlations for the OSPAQ (r = 0.65) than for the modified MOSPA-Q (r = 0.52). Criterion validity correlations for occupational standing and walking measures were comparable for both instruments with accelerometers (standing: r = 0.49; walking: r = 0.27-0.29). CONCLUSIONS: The OSPAQ has excellent test-retest reliability and moderate validity for estimating time spent sitting and standing at work and is comparable to existing occupational physical activity measures for assessing time spent walking at work. The OSPAQ brief instrument measures sitting and standing at work as distinct behaviors and would be especially suitable in national health surveys, prospective cohort studies, and other studies that are limited by space constraints for questionnaire items.

Chau JY; Van Der Ploeg HP; Dunn S; Kurko J; Bauman AE

2012-01-01

280

Psychometric properties of two physical activity questionnaires, the AQuAA and the PASE, in cancer patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of two self-report physical activity (PA) questionnaires - the AQuAA (Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents) and PASE (Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly) - in cancer patients. Methods Test-retest reliability was determined by administering the questionnaires twice within 5 days. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM) and smallest detectable difference (SDD) were calculated. Construct validity was determined by comparing the questionnaire results with ActiGraph accelerometer scores using Spearman correlation coefficients (rs) and ICCs. Content validity was examined using the Three-Step Test-Interview (TSTI). Results Reliability for the AQuAA scores were fair to excellent (ICC = 0.57 to 0.78). Reliability for the PASE scores ranged from good to excellent (ICC = 0.67 to 0.90). Correlations between the ActiGraph and the AQuAA and the PASE were low (rs = 0.05 and 0.16 respectively, and ICC = -0.001 to 0.44). The TSTI showed that participants experienced difficulties with the examples provided with the questions, the perceptions of intensity level of PA, and with recalling the time spent on PA. Conclusions Both questionnaires showed good to excellent test-retest reliability for most scores. Construct validity of both questionnaires was low, as indicated by the low correlations with the ActiGraph. Except for a few difficulties that participants perceived when filling out the questionnaires, the content validity of both questionnaires was good.

Liu Roberto DK; Buffart Laurien M; Kersten Marie José; Spiering Marjolein; Brug Johannes; van Mechelen Willem; Chinapaw Mai JM

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Cognitive processing and acrophobia: validating the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three studies were conducted to examine the psychometric properties of a new scale: the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire (HIQ). This scale was designed to measure height fear-relevant interpretation bias to help assess the relationship between biased interpretations and acrophobia symptoms. Studies 1 (N=553) and 2 (N=308) established the scale's factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity among two large undergraduate samples. Study 3 (N=48) evaluated the predictive validity of the HIQ by examining how well the scale predicted subjective distress and avoidance on actual heights. Factor analysis resulted in four distinct factors, and results suggest that each of the factors, along with the full HIQ, have good reliability and validity. Additionally, the scale predicts subjective distress and avoidance on heights beyond self-reported acrophobia symptoms. Overall, the HIQ shows promise as a new tool to investigate cognitive processing biases in acrophobia. PMID:21641766

Steinman, Shari A; Teachman, Bethany A

2011-05-13

282

Cognitive processing and acrophobia: validating the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Three studies were conducted to examine the psychometric properties of a new scale: the Heights Interpretation Questionnaire (HIQ). This scale was designed to measure height fear-relevant interpretation bias to help assess the relationship between biased interpretations and acrophobia symptoms. Studies 1 (N=553) and 2 (N=308) established the scale's factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity among two large undergraduate samples. Study 3 (N=48) evaluated the predictive validity of the HIQ by examining how well the scale predicted subjective distress and avoidance on actual heights. Factor analysis resulted in four distinct factors, and results suggest that each of the factors, along with the full HIQ, have good reliability and validity. Additionally, the scale predicts subjective distress and avoidance on heights beyond self-reported acrophobia symptoms. Overall, the HIQ shows promise as a new tool to investigate cognitive processing biases in acrophobia.

Steinman SA; Teachman BA

2011-10-01

283

[Application in medical students of the Zielke questionnaire for changes after group processes  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It has been studied with the Zielken questionnaire the modification of second year medical students mental health symptomatology after two different group activities. The results showed that subjects who participate in any groups improved significantly when compared those of the sensitization treatment groups with those with control groups results indicates that sensitization groups subjects grew better than controls for the perception of professional difficulties. Internal locus of control for mood disturbances diminished more in control groups.

Yllá Segura L; González-Pinto A; Eguíluz Urruchurtu A; Zupiria Gorostidi X; Iturriaga Nieva J

1993-07-01

284

AB 7. Validation of the greek version of the severe respiratory insufficiency questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) questionnaire is a multidimensional tool, which has been validated for the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with severe chronic respiratory failure resulting from a variety of underlying disorders. Aim of this study was the validation of the SRI questionnaire in a sample of Greek patients with severe chronic respiratory failure. Patients and methods The SRI questionnaire contains seven subscales related to respiratory complaints (RC), physical functioning (PF), attendant symptoms and sleep (AS), social relationships (SR), anxiety (AX), psychological well-being (WB), social functioning (SF) and a summary scale (SS). We studied 136 consecutive patients with severe respiratory failure of miscellaneous origin. Sixty-three patients (46.3%) were on Long-Term Oxygen Therapy (LTOT) while 73 (53.7%) received Home Mechanical Ventilation (HMV) in addition to LTOT. All patients underwent lung function testing and completed the SRI questionnaire. Results The Cronbach’s A was high for the summary scale with a value 0.856 showing high internal consistency. The results of the principal component analysis (PCA) on the SRI-SS produce a one factor construct with a variance of 54%, which validates the preexisting one factor SS. HMV group patients had higher SRI-SS score than LTOT group (61.5 vs. 60.5, P=NS). The highest and the lowest score were detected in SRI-RC and SRI-PF subscales in both groups. COPD patients had lower SRI-SS score than non-COPD. Regarding COPD subgroups, the SRI-SS score was 52.9 in COPD-HMV patients and 60.3 in COPD-LTOT (P=NS). Conclusions The Greek version of the SRI questionnaire is equivalent to the original one and well-reproducible in patients with severe chronic respiratory failure. This questionnaire could be used in Greek-speaking people in the same way as in other languages to assess HRQL.

Michailidis, Vasilis; Steiropoulos, Paschalis; Perantoni, Elena; Moysiadis, Nikos; Papoti, Stella; Chloros, Dimitrios; Tsara, Venetia

2012-01-01

285

Psychometric properties of the Brazilian-adapted version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in public child daycare centers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Well-designed screening assessment instruments that can evaluate child development in public daycare centers represent an important resource to help improve the quality of these programs, as an early detection method for early developmental delay. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd edition (ASQ-3), comprises a series of 21 questionnaires designed to screen developmental performance in the domains of communication, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, problem solving, and personal-social ability in children aged 2 to 66 months. The purpose of the present work was to translate and adapt all of the ASQ-3 questionnaires for use in Brazilian public child daycare centers and to explore their psychometric characteristics with both Classical Test Theory and Rating Scale analyses from the Rasch model family. A total of 18 Ages & Stages Questionnaires - Brazilian translation (ASQ-BR) questionnaires administered at intervals from 6 to 60 months of age were analyzed based on primary caregiver evaluations of 45,640 children distributed in 468 public daycare centers in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The results indicated that most of the ASQ-BR questionnaires had adequate internal consistency. Exploratory factor analyses yielded a one-factor solution for each domain of all of the ASQ-BR questionnaires. The only exception was the personal-social domain in some of the questionnaires. Item Response Theory based on Rating Scale analysis (infit and outfit mean squares statistics) indicated that only 44 of 540 items showed misfit problems. In summary, the ASQ-BR questionnaires are psychometrically sound developmental screening instruments that can be easily administered by primary caregivers.

Filgueiras A; Pires P; Maissonette S; Landeira-Fernandez J

2013-08-01

286

The reliability of the disabled children's quality-of-life questionnaire in Swedish children with diabetes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To determine the reliability of the disabled children's quality-of-life measure (DISABKIDS) chronic generic questionnaire and diabetes module in children. The questionnaire is being evaluated for repeated routine health-related quality-of-life (HrQoL) assessment and in association with the Swedish national paediatric diabetes registry (Swediabkids), which is a tool for regular clinical use. METHODS: Children and parents completed the questionnaire during a routine visit to the diabetes clinic. In total, 120 families completed the test and retest. Split-half reliability correlation and intraclass correlation (ICC) coefficients were calculated. Bland & Altman plots were calculated on the generic HRQoL domain. RESULTS: Both child and parent versions showed good internal consistency. Test-retest ICC coefficients for the generic HrQoL module were 0.913 for the children and 0.820 for the parent version. All generic domains independently showed good reliability. The diabetes module had a score of 0.855 for children and 0.823 for parents. Split-half correlation for generic and diabetes modules was 0.930 and 0.848 for children, 0.953 and 0.903 for parents. Bland and Altman plots showed substantial agreement between the two administrations for both children and parents. CONCLUSION: The DISABKIDS questionnaire is a reliable instrument for the repeated measurements of HrQoL in children with diabetes.

Chaplin JE; Hallman M; Nilsson NO; Lindblad B

2012-05-01

287

The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Eplov, L.F. (2010). The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire: A psychometric evaluation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The Mental Vulnerability Questionnaire was originally a 22 item scale, later reduced to a 12 item scale. In population studies the 12 item scale has been a significant predictor of health and illness. The scale has not been psychometrically evaluated for more than 30 years, and the aim of the present study was both to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 22 and 12 item scales and of three new scales. The main study sample was a community sample comprising more than 6,000 men and women. In this sample the coefficients of homogeneity were all over 0.30 for the three new scales, but below 0.30 for the 12 and the 22 item scales. All five Mental Vulnerability scales had positively skewed score distributions which were associated significantly with both SCL-90-R symptom scores and NEO-PI-R personality scales (primarily Neuroticism and Extraversion). Coefficient alpha was highest for the 22 and 12 item scales, and the two scales also showed the highest long-term stability. The three new scales reflect relatively independent dimensions of Psychosomatic Symptoms, Mental Symptoms, and Interpersonal Problems, but because of reliability problems it remains an open question whether they will prove useful as predictors of health and morbidity.

Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Petersen, Janne

2010-01-01

288

A Catalog of Biases in Questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bias in questionnaires is an important issue in public health research. To collect the most accurate data from respondents, investigators must understand and be able to prevent or at least minimize bias in the design of their questionnaires. This paper identifies and categorizes 48 types of bias in questionnaires based on a review of the literature and offers an example of each type. The types are categorized according to three main sources of bias: the way a question is designed, the way the questionnaire as a whole is designed, and how the questionnaire is administered. This paper is intended to help investigators in public health understand the mechanism and dynamics of problems in questionnaire design and to provide a checklist for identifying potential bias in a questionnaire before it is administered.

Bernard C.K. Choi, PhD; Anita W.P. Pak, PhD

2005-01-01

289

Family burden in inherited ichthyosis: creation of a specific questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The concept of individual burden, associated with disease, has been introduced recently to determine the "disability" caused by the pathology in the broadest sense of the word (psychological, social, economic, physical). Inherited ichthyosis belong to a large heterogeneous group of Mendelian Disorders of Cornification. Skin symptoms have a major impact on patients' Quality of Life but little is known about the burden of the disease on the families of patients. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a specific burden questionnaire for the families of patients affected by ichthyosis. METHODS: Two steps were required. First, the creation of the questionnaire which followed a strict methodological process involving a multidisciplinary team and families. Secondarily, the validation of the questionnaire, including the assessment of its reliability, external validity, reproducibility and sensitivity, was carried out on a population of patients affected by autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis. A population of parents of patients affected by ichthyosis was enrolled to answer the new questionnaire in association with the Short Form Q12 questionnaire (SF-12) and a clinical severity score was filled for each patient. RESULTS: Ninety four families were interviewed to construct the verbatim in order to create the questionnaire and a cognitive debriefing was realized. The concept of burden could be structured around five components: "economic", "daily life", "familial and personal relationship", "work", and "psychological impact". As a result, "Family Burden Ichthyosis" (FBI) reproducible questionnaire of 25 items was created.Forty two questionnaires were analyzable for psychometric validation. Reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficient?=?0.89), reflected the good homogeneity of the questionnaire. The correlation between mental dimensions of the SF-12 and the FBI questionnaire was statistically significant which confirmed the external validity. The mean FBI score was 71.7?±?18.8 and a significant difference in the FBI score was shown between two groups of severity underlining a good sensitivity of the questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The internal and external validity of the "FBI" questionnaire was confirmed and it is correlated to the severity of ichtyosis. Ichthyoses, and other chronic pathologies, are difficult to assess by clinical or Quality of Life aspects alone as their impact can be multidimensional. "FBI" takes them all into consideration in order to explain every angle of the handicap generated.

Dufresne H; Hadj-Rabia S; Méni C; Sibaud V; Bodemer C; Taïeb C

2013-01-01

290

[Self-assessment questionnaires for the investigation of bipolarity].  

Science.gov (United States)

Contemporary research shows that bipolar disorders are very often faced initially as depression, while the precise diagnosis usually delay 8-10 years or more. As a result of this delay in the diagnosis, the patients do not receive appropriate treatment and are not led to recession of their symptoms. Roughly one third of depressed patients are treated at mental health services and two thirds at the primary care health services. Regarding the psychiatric patients that are treated in the secondary and trietary services of mental health, various researches indicate that the bipolar disorders and especially Bipolar Disorder II are under-diagnosed and consequently they do not receive satisfactory treatment with important repercussions in the professional and social existence of Bipolar Disorders' patients. The imperative need for early diagnosis and treatment in patients with bipolar disorders is obvious, in order to decrease the big time of delay in the diagnosis of Bipolar disorders. Patient self-completed questionnaires, which are small in duration and well structured, can contribute in the early recognition of disorders of bipolar spectrum in patients that are treated at the outpatient clinics. In this bibliographic research we compare two questionnaires (the MDQ and the HCL-32) with regard to their psychometrics faculties and the possibility of use in the early diagnosis and treatment of individuals that suffers from disorders of Bipolar spectrum. PMID:21914621

Tsopelas, Ch; Konstantinidou, D; Douzenis, A

291

[Self-assessment questionnaires for the investigation of bipolarity].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Contemporary research shows that bipolar disorders are very often faced initially as depression, while the precise diagnosis usually delay 8-10 years or more. As a result of this delay in the diagnosis, the patients do not receive appropriate treatment and are not led to recession of their symptoms. Roughly one third of depressed patients are treated at mental health services and two thirds at the primary care health services. Regarding the psychiatric patients that are treated in the secondary and trietary services of mental health, various researches indicate that the bipolar disorders and especially Bipolar Disorder II are under-diagnosed and consequently they do not receive satisfactory treatment with important repercussions in the professional and social existence of Bipolar Disorders' patients. The imperative need for early diagnosis and treatment in patients with bipolar disorders is obvious, in order to decrease the big time of delay in the diagnosis of Bipolar disorders. Patient self-completed questionnaires, which are small in duration and well structured, can contribute in the early recognition of disorders of bipolar spectrum in patients that are treated at the outpatient clinics. In this bibliographic research we compare two questionnaires (the MDQ and the HCL-32) with regard to their psychometrics faculties and the possibility of use in the early diagnosis and treatment of individuals that suffers from disorders of Bipolar spectrum.

Tsopelas Ch; Konstantinidou D; Douzenis A

2010-07-01

292

Family physicians’ diagnostic gut feelings are measurable: construct validation of a questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Family physicians perceive that gut feelings, i.e. a ‘sense of reassurance’ or a ‘sense of alarm’, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning. A measuring instrument is desirable for further research. Our objective is to validate a questionnaire measuring the presence of gut feelings in diagnostic reasoning. Methods We constructed 16 case vignettes from real practice situations and used the accompanying ‘sense of reassurance’ or the ‘sense of alarm’ as reference labels. Based on the results of an initial study (26 family physicians), we divided the case vignettes into a group involving a clear role for the sense of reassurance or the sense of alarm and a group involving an ambiguous role. 49 experienced family physicians evaluated each 10 vignettes using the questionnaire. Construct validity was assessed by testing hypotheses and an internal consistency procedure was performed. Results As hypothesized we found that the correlations between the reference labels and corresponding items were high for the clear-case vignettes (0.59 – 0.72) and low for the ambiguous-case vignettes (0.08 – 0.23). The agreement between the classification in clear sense of reassurance, clear sense of alarm and ambiguous case vignettes as derived from the initial study and the study population’s judgments was substantial (Kappa = 0.62). Factor analysis showed one factor with opposites for sense of reassurance and sense of alarm items. The questionnaire’s internal consistency was high (0.91). We provided a linguistic validated English-language text of the questionnaire. Conclusions The questionnaire appears to be valid. It enables quantitative research into the role of gut feelings and their diagnostic value in family physicians’ diagnostic reasoning.

Stolper Christiaan F; Van de Wiel Margje WJ; De Vet Henrica CW; Rutten Alexander LB; Van Royen Paul; Van Bokhoven Marloes A; Van der Weijden Trudy; Dinant Geert Jan

2013-01-01

293

Validation of Italian multiple sclerosis quality of life 54 questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Health related quality of life (HRQOL) inventories are multi-dimensional measures of patient-centred health status developed for clinical research. The MS quality of life 54 (MSQOL-54) is an MS-specific HRQOL inventory originally devised for English speaking patients. It consists of a core measure, the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) previously adapted into Italian, and 18 additional items exploring domains relevant to patients with MS (MS-18 module). The authors translated and culturally adapted into Italian the MS-18 module of the MSQOL-54 questionnaire, and clinically validated the whole questionnaire. METHODS: The MS-18 module was translated following the methodology of the International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) project. The MSQOL-54 was validated in 204 consecutive patients with MS seen between April and September 1997 at three participating centres. The questionnaire was explained by the physician who also administered the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and mini mental status scale examination, and the patient filled in the MSQOL-54 and Beck depression inventory questionnaires (BDI), with assistance if required. The contribution of impairments and disabilities to MSQOL-54 scores were assessed, and mean scores were compared with normative data for the general Italian population, and with the original sample of United States MS patients. RESULTS: The mean age of the 204 patients was 42 years; mean EDSS score was 4.5 (range 0-8. 5). Patients' participation in the assessment was satisfactory, and all scales satisfied the usual psychometric standards. The characteristics of the United States sample matched those of our patients in all but gender (72% United States patients v 52% Italian patients were women), and education (90% United States patients and 44% Italian patients completed high school); MSQOL-54 profiles were also similar. The EDSS was significantly associated with the physical health composite but not with the mental health composite score. Multiple linear regression modelling showed that age and BDI independently predicted physical health composite (p < 0.001), and mental health composite (p < 0.001). Clinical worsening in the previous year had an independent effect on the physical health composite (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The Italian version of MSQOL-54 is easy to administer and is well accepted by patients. Neurological impairment has a limited influence on perceived quality of life, while age and depressive symptoms has a major influence.

Solari A; Filippini G; Mendozzi L; Ghezzi A; Cifani S; Barbieri E; Baldini S; Salmaggi A; Mantia LL; Farinotti M; Caputo D; Mosconi P

1999-08-01

294

Environmental education curriculum evaluation questionnaire: A reliability and validity study  

Science.gov (United States)

The intention of this research project was to bridge the gap between social science research and application to the environmental domain through the development of a theoretically derived instrument designed to give educators a template by which to evaluate environmental education curricula. The theoretical base for instrument development was provided by several developmental theories such as Piaget's theory of cognitive development, Developmental Systems Theory, Life-span Perspective, as well as curriculum research within the area of environmental education. This theoretical base fueled the generation of a list of components which were then translated into a questionnaire with specific questions relevant to the environmental education domain. The specific research question for this project is: Can a valid assessment instrument based largely on human development and education theory be developed that reliably discriminates high, moderate, and low quality in environmental education curricula? The types of analyses conducted to answer this question were interrater reliability (percent agreement, Cohen's Kappa coefficient, Pearson's Product-Moment correlation coefficient), test-retest reliability (percent agreement, correlation), and criterion-related validity (correlation). Face validity and content validity were also assessed through thorough reviews. Overall results indicate that 29% of the questions on the questionnaire demonstrated a high level of interrater reliability and 43% of the questions demonstrated a moderate level of interrater reliability. Seventy-one percent of the questions demonstrated a high test-retest reliability and 5% a moderate level. Fifty-five percent of the questions on the questionnaire were reliable (high or moderate) both across time and raters. Only eight questions (8%) did not show either interrater or test-retest reliability. The global overall rating of high, medium, or low quality was reliable across both coders and time, indicating that the questionnaire can discriminate differences in quality of environmental education curricula. Of the 35 curricula evaluated, 6 were high quality, 14 were medium quality and 15 were low quality. The criterion-related validity of the instrument is at current time unable to be established due to the lack of comparable measures or a concretely usable set of multidisciplinary standards. Face and content validity were sufficiently demonstrated.

Minner, Daphne Diane

295

Measuring physical activity in a cardiac rehabilitation population using a smartphone-based questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Questionnaires are commonly used to assess physical activity in large population-based studies because of their low cost and convenience. Many self-report physical activity questionnaires have been shown to be valid and reliable measures, but they are subject to measurement errors and misreporting, often due to lengthy recall periods. Mobile phones offer a novel approach to measure self-reported physical activity on a daily basis and offer real-time data collection with the potential to enhance recall. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the convergent validity of a mobile phone physical activity (MobilePAL) questionnaire against accelerometry in people with cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to compare how the MobilePAL questionnaire performed compared with the commonly used self-recall International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). METHODS: Thirty adults aged 49 to 85 years with CVD were recruited from a local exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation clinic in Auckland, New Zealand. All participants completed a demographics questionnaire and underwent a 6-minute walk test at the first visit. Subsequently, participants were temporarily provided a smartphone (with the MobilePAL questionnaire preloaded that asked 2 questions daily) and an accelerometer, which was to be worn for 7 days. After 1 week, a follow-up visit was completed during which the smartphone and accelerometer were returned, and participants completed the IPAQ. RESULTS: Average daily physical activity level measured using the MobilePAL questionnaire showed moderate correlation (r=.45; P=.01) with daily activity counts per minute (Acc_CPM) and estimated metabolic equivalents (MET) (r=.45; P=.01) measured using the accelerometer. Both MobilePAL (beta=.42; P=.008) and age (beta=-.48, P=.002) were significantly associated with Acc_CPM (adjusted R(2)=.40). When IPAQ-derived energy expenditure, measured in MET-minutes per week (IPAQ_met), was considered in the predicted model, both IPAQ_met (beta=.51; P=.001) and age (beta=-.36; P=.016) made unique contributions (adjusted R(2)=.47, F2,27=13.58; P<.001).There was also a significant association between the MobilePAL and IPAQ measures (r=.49, beta=.51; P=.007). CONCLUSIONS: A mobile phone-delivered questionnaire is a relatively reliable and valid measure of physical activity in a CVD cohort. Reliability and validity measures in the present study are comparable to existing self-report measures. Given their ubiquitous use, mobile phones may be an effective method for physical activity surveillance data collection.

Pfaeffli L; Maddison R; Jiang Y; Dalleck L; Löf M

2013-01-01

296

Detecting exacerbations using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Early treatment of COPD exacerbations has shown to be important. Despite a non-negligible negative impact on health related quality of life, a large proportion of these episodes is not reported (no change in treatment). Little is known whether (low burden) strategies are able to capture these unreported exacerbations. Methods The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is a short questionnaire with great evaluative properties in measuring health status. The current explorative study evaluates the discriminative properties of weekly CCQ assessment in detecting exacerbations. Results In a multicentre prospective cohort study, 121 patients, age 67.4 ± 10.5 years, FEV1 47.7 ± 18.5% pred were followed for 6 weeks by daily diary card recording and weekly CCQ assessment. Weeks were retrospectively labeled as stable or exacerbation (onset) weeks using the Anthonisen symptom diary-card algorithm. Change in CCQ total scores are significantly higher in exacerbation-onset weeks, 0.35 ± 0.69 compared to -0.04 ± 0.37 in stable weeks (p Conclusions Weekly CCQ assessment is a promising, low burden method to detect unreported exacerbations. Further research is needed to validate discriminative performance and practical implications of the CCQ in detecting exacerbations in daily care.

Trappenburg Jaap CA; Touwen Irene; de Weert-van Oene Gerdien H; Bourbeau Jean; Monninkhof Evelyn M; Verheij Theo JM; Lammers Jan-Willem J; Schrijvers Augustinus JP

2010-01-01

297

2-Year follow-up to STeP trial shows sustainability of structured self-monitoring of blood glucose utilization: results from the STeP practice logistics and usability survey (STeP PLUS).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We report findings from a follow-up survey of clinicians from the STeP study that assessed their attitudes toward and current use of the Accu-Chek(®) 360° View tool (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN) approximately 2 years after the study was completed. The Accu-Chek 360° View tool enables patients to record/plot a seven-point self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) profile (fasting, preprandial/2-h postprandial at each of the three meals, and bedtime) on 3 consecutive days, document meal sizes and energy levels, and comment on their SMBG experiences. Our findings showed that the majority of these physicians continue to use the tool with their patients, citing enhanced patient understanding and engagement, better discussions with patients regarding the impact of lifestyle behaviors, improved clinical outcomes, and better practice efficiencies as significant benefits of the tool.

Friedman K; Noyes J; Parkin CG

2013-04-01

298

[Face validity of a French questionnaire to screen binge eating disorder in adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Binge eating disorder is often associated with obesity. It has many psychosocial and somatic consequences and affects obesity treatment outcome. Binge eating has been observed in very young populations. Studies have shown that complications associated with binge eating disorder can appear in children, even when all the criteria included in the definition of the disorder for adults are not met. Therefore, provisional criteria have been proposed to investigate binge eating disorder among children and adolescents. There is an urgent need to enhance the screening of binge eating disorder in the young population, first in order to document the disorder and second to allow for tailored treatment of these populations. Currently, there is no scale in French to detect this type of disorder among children or adolescents. The aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire in French, which could be used as a screening tool for binge eating disorder among adolescents. We have developed a self-administered questionnaire, based on a previous questionnaire and provisional criteria proposed in the English-speaking world. In the present study, we assessed how the target population understood the expressions used in the questionnaire and refined terminology according to the results. Nineteen adolescents aged 11-18 years (normal weight or with obesity) were interviewed about their understanding of the questionnaire, using a structured individual interview. After completing the questions on their own, because the goal was to end up with a self-administered tool, they were asked to explain their own understanding of each question and to reformulate the terms used. The results highlighted that some words or sentences were misunderstood by adolescents, and we developed more adequate formulations as a consequence. Some terms used in their figurative sense had to be modified. Respondents found it difficult to assess duration and frequency of their behavior and suggested changing the open-ended answers to categories. Over the course of answering the questionnaire, they tended to forget the context and related their answers to their general eating behavior. Therefore, the context (binging) was repeated in each question of the modified version. A self-administered questionnaire can be effective in detecting problematic eating behaviors among adolescents and is a good first step before a diagnosis clarification by a professional. Our results show the importance of development and evaluation with the target population. The discriminant validity of the questionnaire will be evaluated by comparison with an assessment by a professional in a further study.

Carrard I; Kruseman M; Di Capua D; Suringar V; Chamay Weber C

2013-08-01

299

The S locus-linked Primula homeotic mutant sepaloid shows characteristics of a B-function mutant but does not result from mutation in a B-function gene.  

Science.gov (United States)

Floral homeotic and flower development mutants of Primula, including double, Hose in Hose, Jack in the Green and Split Perianth, have been cultivated since the late 1500s as ornamental plants but until recently have attracted limited scientific attention. Here we describe the characterization of a new mutant phenotype, sepaloid, that produces flowers comprising only sepals and carpels. The sepaloid mutation is recessive, and is linked to the S locus that controls floral heteromorphy. The phenotype shows developmental variability, with flowers containing three whorls of sepals surrounding fertile carpels, two whorls of sepals with a diminished third whorl of sepals surrounding a fourth whorl of carpels, or three whorls of sepals surrounding abnormal carpels. In some respects, these phenotypes resemble the Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum homeotic B-function mutants apetala3/deficiens (ap3/def) and pistillata/globosa (pi/glo). We have isolated the Primula vulgaris B-function genes PvDEFICIENS (PvDEF) and PvGLOBOSA (PvGLO), expression of both of which is affected in the sepaloid mutant. PvGLO, like sepaloid, is linked to the S locus, whereas PvDEF is not. However, our analyses reveal that sepaloid and PvGLO represent different genes. We conclude that SEPALOID is an S-linked independent regulator of floral organ identity genes including PvDEF and PvGLO. PMID:18564384

Li, Jinhong; Webster, Margaret; Dudas, Brigitta; Cook, Holly; Manfield, Iain; Davies, Brendan; Gilmartin, Philip M

2008-06-28

300

Lowering missing item values in quality-of-life questionnaires: an interventional study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Missing item values (MIV) often occur in quality-of-life (QoL) questionnaires. This study aimed to examine whether the use of introductory exemplary questions reduces the number of MIV and what patient-related factors influence effectiveness of such a QoL form training. METHODS: In a randomized controlled study in ten primary care practice settings, a total of 215 consecutively recruited patients with at least one chronic disease were requested to complete the Medical Outcomes Study 36 Items Short Form (SF-36) questionnaire, German version 1.0. Prior to filling out the QoL form, a sample of randomly selected patients answered three simple written questions similar in wording and appearance to the original SF-36 questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 126 (58.6%) patients completed the SF-36 questionnaire without MIV. Despite MIV the forms of 46 (21.4%) patients were still computable, i.e., scoring of scales was possible after use of the standardized SF-36 imputation algorithm. After the imputation procedure, MIV significantly hampered generating computable sum scales in 29 (26.6%) of the control group and 14 (13.2%) of the interventional group (P < 0.05). A univariate analysis suggested no evidence that the number of MIV was reduced by the intervention. However, intervention led to a significant decrease of MIV in males but not in females. The education status affected the number of missing data independent of intervention. CONCLUSION: This cross-sectional study showed that the prior use of three self-created questions similar in wording and appearance to the SF-36 questionnaire significantly reduces MIV in male patients. School qualification of QoL respondents inversely correlated with the number of questionnaire MIV, but independent of education status all subjects did benefit from the QoL form training.

Müller-Bühl U; Franke B; Hermann K; Engeser P

2011-02-01

 
 
 
 
301

The "Life Potential": a new complex algorithm to assess "Heart Rate Variability" from Holter records for cognitive and diagnostic aims. Preliminary experimental results showing its dependence on age, gender and health conditions  

CERN Multimedia

Although HRV (Heart Rate Variability) analyses have been carried out for several decades, several limiting factors still make these analyses useless from a clinical point of view. The present paper aims at overcoming some of these limits by introducing the "Life Potential" (BMP), a new mathematical algorithm which seems to exhibit surprising cognitive and predictive capabilities. BMP is defined as a linear combination of five HRV Non-Linear Variables, in turn derived from the thermodynamic formalism of chaotic dynamic systems. The paper presents experimental measurements of BMP (Average Values and Standard Deviations) derived from 1048 Holter tests, matched in age and gender, including a control group of 356 healthy subjects. The main results are: (a) BMP always decreases when the age increases, and its dependence on age and gender is well established; (b) the shape of the age dependence within "healthy people" is different from that found in the general group: this behavior provides evidence of possible illn...

Barra, Orazio A

2013-01-01

302

Tagging-SNP haplotype analysis of the secretory PLA2IIa gene PLA2G2A shows strong association with serum levels of sPLA2IIa: results from the UDACS study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent prospective analysis identified secretory phospholipase A(2)-IIa (sPLA(2)IIa) as a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk predictor. This study aimed to examine the relationship between serum levels of sPLA(2)IIa and variation in the sPLA(2)IIa gene (PLA2G2A) in a cohort of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Six tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) accounting for > 92% of the genetic variability in PLA2G2A were identified and distinguished six common haplotypes (frequencies > 5%). In the 523 Caucasian T2D patients, levels of sPLA(2)IIa, independent of CRP, were negatively correlated with total antioxidant status (P = 0.003) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.006) in men and correlated with CAD status in women (P = 0.002) (Odds ratio of top two tertiles versus bottom = 2.50) [95% CI (1.13-5.53) P = 0.024]. Overall, tSNP haplotypes showed a highly significant association with sPLA(2)IIa levels (P < 0.0001), explaining 6.3% of the variance. The most common haplotype (frequency 14.2%) was associated with 53% higher sPLA(2)IIa levels [3.25 ng/ml (+/- 0.14)] compared with the combined other haplotypes [2.13 ng/ml (+/- 0.09), P < 0.00001]. Five of the six tSNPs were associated with significant effects on sPLA(2)IIa levels but the raising haplotype could not be distinguished by a single tSNP and none are likely to be functional. These data confirm the relationship between elevated sPLA(2)IIa levels and CAD risk reported in both cases: control and prospective analyses. The strong impact of PLA2G2A haplotypic variation on sPLA(2)IIa levels will help clarify the causality of this association. PMID:16368710

Wootton, Peter T E; Drenos, Fotios; Cooper, Jackie A; Thompson, Simon R; Stephens, Jeffrey W; Hurt-Camejo, Eva; Wiklund, Olov; Humphries, Steve E; Talmud, Philippa J

2005-12-20

303

Tagging-SNP haplotype analysis of the secretory PLA2IIa gene PLA2G2A shows strong association with serum levels of sPLA2IIa: results from the UDACS study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent prospective analysis identified secretory phospholipase A(2)-IIa (sPLA(2)IIa) as a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk predictor. This study aimed to examine the relationship between serum levels of sPLA(2)IIa and variation in the sPLA(2)IIa gene (PLA2G2A) in a cohort of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) mellitus. Six tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) accounting for > 92% of the genetic variability in PLA2G2A were identified and distinguished six common haplotypes (frequencies > 5%). In the 523 Caucasian T2D patients, levels of sPLA(2)IIa, independent of CRP, were negatively correlated with total antioxidant status (P = 0.003) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.006) in men and correlated with CAD status in women (P = 0.002) (Odds ratio of top two tertiles versus bottom = 2.50) [95% CI (1.13-5.53) P = 0.024]. Overall, tSNP haplotypes showed a highly significant association with sPLA(2)IIa levels (P < 0.0001), explaining 6.3% of the variance. The most common haplotype (frequency 14.2%) was associated with 53% higher sPLA(2)IIa levels [3.25 ng/ml (+/- 0.14)] compared with the combined other haplotypes [2.13 ng/ml (+/- 0.09), P < 0.00001]. Five of the six tSNPs were associated with significant effects on sPLA(2)IIa levels but the raising haplotype could not be distinguished by a single tSNP and none are likely to be functional. These data confirm the relationship between elevated sPLA(2)IIa levels and CAD risk reported in both cases: control and prospective analyses. The strong impact of PLA2G2A haplotypic variation on sPLA(2)IIa levels will help clarify the causality of this association.

Wootton PT; Drenos F; Cooper JA; Thompson SR; Stephens JW; Hurt-Camejo E; Wiklund O; Humphries SE; Talmud PJ

2006-01-01

304

Alteraciones clínicas, humorales, laparoscópicas e hísticas hepáticas en donantes de sangre con anticuerpo al VHC positivo Clinical, humoral, laparoscopic and hystic hepatic alterations in blood donors showing positive hepatitis virus C antibody test results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de 69 donantes de sangre, con anticuerpos al virus C positivo detectados en el Banco de Sangre Provincial, remitidos a la consulta provincial del Hospital Universitario Provincial "Vladimir Ilich Lenin", entre enero de 2000 a diciembre de 2006, y a quienes se le realizó biopsia hepática translaparoscópica. Con el objetivo de estimar las alteraciones clínicas, humorales, laparoscópicas e histopatológicas hepáticas se revisaron las boletas de solicitud de biopsia. Hubo predominio de las hepatitis crónicas con actividad mínima (12; 33,33 %) y ligera (13; 36,1 %). La mayoría de los pacientes estaban asintomáticos (62; 89,9 %, y con transaminasas normales (47; 68,1 %). La laparoscopia constituyó una prueba muy específica, con un 84,4 % de especificidad, con un considerable valor de una prueba positiva, 75 %, para el diagnóstico de la hepatitis crónica. Sin embargo, las bajas cifras de la sensibilidad (41 %) y del valor predictivo de una prueba negativa (57,1 %) para el diagnóstico de la hepatitis crónica, reafirman que la biopsia hepática sigue siendo la prueba de oro para el diagnóstico de esta enfermedad.An observational and descriptive study was made on 69 blood donors, who had positive C virus antibodies detected by the provincial blood bank and had been referred to "Vladimir Ilich Lenin" provincial university hospital from January 2000 to December 2006. They were performed translaparoscopic hepatic biopsy. For the purpose of estimating clinical, humoral, laparoscopic and histopathological hepatic disorders, the biopsy request forms were checked. Chronic hepatitis predominated, with minimal activity (12; 33.335) and slight activity (13; 36.1 %). Most of patients were asymptomatic (62; 89.9 %) and their transaminase values were normal (47; 68.1 %). Laparoscopy was a very specific test showing 84.4 % specificity, with a high value (75 %) in a positive test for chronic hepatitis diagnosis. However, low figures of sensitivity (41 %) and of the predictive value in a negative test (57.1 %) for chronic hepatitis diagnosis reaffirmed that hepatic biopsy continues to be the golden test for the diagnosis of this disease.

Agustín Mulet Pérez; Évora Arencibia Vidal; Martha Gámez Escalona; Menelio Pullés Labadié; Marlen Pérez Lorenzo; Agustín Mulet Gámez

2009-01-01

305

Processo de adaptação de próteses auditivas em usuários atendidos em uma instituição pública federal: parte II: resultados dos questionários de auto-avaliação Hearing aid fitting process in users fitted in a federal public institution: part II - self-assessment questionnaire results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Uma reabilitação eficiente deve reduzir os efeitos da deficiência sobre as habilidades auditivas e comunicativas do indivíduo e aumentar o bem-estar psicossocial. OBJETIVOS:Verificar a viabilidade do uso de questionários de auto-avaliação e comparar os resultados da protetização em usuários de uma instituição pública federal, com e sem queixas relacionadas às características da amplificação. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS:25 indivíduos, de 13 a 77 anos de idade, usuários de próteses auditivas. Foram aplicados os questionários de auto-avaliação HHIE-S/HHIA (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version ou for Adult) e APHAB (Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit), nos indivíduos sem (Grupo 1) e com queixas relacionados às características da amplificação (Grupo 2). RESULTADOS: Diferenças significantes não foram encontradas entre os grupos nos protocolos HHIE-S/HHIA e APHAB, exceto na subescala facilidade de comunicação do APHAB, onde o Grupo 1 obteve melhor benefício. Também evidenciou-se redução significativa da incapacidade auditiva com o uso das próteses em situações favoráveis de comunicação, ambientes reverberantes e na presença de ruído ambiental para ambos os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: Os questionários revelaram ser excelentes preditores das dificuldades enfrentadas pelos usuários, e diferenças significantes foram encontradas em situações favoráveis de comunicação, onde o grupo sem queixas obteve melhor benefício.An efficient rehabilitation must be able to reduce impairment effects over the auditory and communication skills of individuals and promote psychosocial well being. AIMS: check the feasibility of using self-assessment questionnaires and compare the results achieved by hearing aid fitting in users from a federal public institution, with and without complaints related to hearing amplification characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 individuals, from 13 to 77 years of age, users of hearing aids. The HHIE-S/HHIA (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version or for Adult) and APHAB (Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit) self-assessment questionnaires used with individuals without (Group 1) and with complaints related to amplification characteristics (Group 2). RESULTS: we did not find significant differences between the HHIE-S/HHIA and APHAB groups; except in APHAB’s ease of communication item, where Group 1 seemed to benefit more. Moreover, we noticed a significant reduction in hearing disability with the use of hearing aids in favorable communication situations, noisy environments for both groups. CONCLUSION: these questionnaires proved to be valuable for predicting the difficulties faced by the users, and significant differences were found in favorable communication situations, where the group without complaints had the most benefit.

Carine Dias de Freitas; Maristela Julio Costa

2007-01-01

306

Expectancies, socioeconomic status, and self-rated health: use of the simplified TOMCATS Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Coping has traditionally been measured with inventories containing many items meant to identify specific coping strategies. An alternative is to develop a shorter inventory that focusses on coping expectancies which may determine the extent to which an individual attempts to cope actively. PURPOSE: This paper explores the usefulness and validity of a simplified seven-item questionnaire (Theoretically Originated Measure of the Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress, TOMCATS) for response outcome expectancies defined either as positive ("coping"), negative ("hopelessness"), or none ("helplessness"). The definitions are based on the Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS; Ursin and Eriksen, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(5):567–92, 2004). The questionnaire was tested in two different samples. First, the questionnaire was compared with a traditional test of coping and then tested for validity in relation to socioeconomic differences in self-reported health. METHODS: The first study was a comparison of the brief TOMCATS with a short version of the Utrecht Coping List (UCL; Eriksen et al., Scand J Psychol, 38(3):175–82, 1997). Both questionnaires were tested in a population of 1,704 Norwegian municipality workers. The second study was a cross-sectional analysis of TOMCATS, subjective and objective socioeconomic status, and health in a representative sample of the Swedish working population in 2003–2005 (N?=?11,441). RESULTS: In the first study, the coping item in the TOMCATS questionnaire showed an expected significant positive correlation with the UCL factors of instrumental mastery-oriented coping and negative correlations with passive and depressive scores. There were also the expected correlations for the helplessness and hopelessness scores, but there was no clear distinction between helplessness and hopelessness in the way they correlated with the UCL. In the second study, the coping item in TOMCATS and the three-item helplessness scores showed clear and monotonous gradients over a subjective socioeconomic status (SES) ladder. Positive response outcome expectancy ("coping") was related to high subjective SES and no expectancy ("helplessness") to low subjective SES. In a model including age and sex, TOMCATS scores explained more variance (r 2?=?0.16) in self-reported health than both subjective (r 2?=?0.08) and objective SES (r 2?=?0.02). CONCLUSION: The brief TOMCATS questionnaire showed acceptable and significant correlations with a traditional coping questionnaire and is sensitive enough to register systematic differences in response outcome expectancies across the socioeconomic ladder. The results furthermore confirm that psychological and learning factors contribute to the socioeconomic gradient in health.

Odéen M; Westerlund H; Theorell T; Leineweber C; Eriksen HR; Ursin H

2013-06-01

307

Assessing self-reported adherence to HIV therapy by questionnaire: the SERAD (Self-Reported Adherence) Study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The relationship between adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and RNA-HIV viral load outcomes has been extensively shown. Although there are different procedures for assessing treatment adherence, there is no ideal method. We present the SERAD (Self-Reported Adherence) questionnaire, a qualitative and quantitative self-reported instrument designed to provide an easier adherence measurement. We also compared the questionnaire to three other methods to evaluate adherence to HAART regimens in HIV-infected patients. Two prospective, observational, longitudinal studies were developed: a single-center pilot study followed by a multicenter study. A total of 530 HIV-infected outpatients was prospectively included, 66 in the pilot study and 464 in the multicenter study. Four methods were used to study adherence to HAART regimens: the SERAD questionnaire, pill count, electronic monitoring, and plasma drug monitoring. Pearson's correlations and Bland and Altman's method were developed. The SERAD questionnaire showed good feasibility and significant validity. Adequate levels of agreement between methods were observed, particularly when adherence was high. Differences increased as adherence fell. Moreover, the questionnaire was completed correctly, the interviewers did not report uncovered aspects, and the information was collected easily. Our results suggest that the SERAD questionnaire is a feasible and useful instrument for assessing adherence to HAART regimens in HIV-infected patients, and makes it possible to obtain reliable qualitative and quantitative information related to treatment adherence.

Muñoz-Moreno JA; Fumaz CR; Ferrer MJ; Tuldrà A; Rovira T; Viladrich C; Bayés R; Burger DM; Negredo E; Clotet B

2007-10-01

308

INTERNAL CONSISTENCY AND FACTORIAL ANALYSIS OF THE SCOFF QUESTIONNAIRE FOR SCREENING EATING DISORDERS AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS: A GENDER COMPARISON  

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Full Text Available Symptoms of eating disorders (ED) have increased among males recently. The SCOFF questionnairefor screening ED counts on a formal validation in Colombian only on girl students. However, psychometricproperties of this questionnaire in males are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determinethe internal consistency and factors of the SCOFF questionnaire and make a gender comparisonamong adolescent students from Bucaramanga, Colombia. A probabilistic sample of 2496 male and2375 female, aged 10-19 year-old, completed the SCOFF questionnaire and the CAGE questionnairethat identifies abusive alcohol consumption (divergent validation). The internal consistency of the SCOFFwas established with the Kuder-Richardson’s formula 20, and the divergence with the CAGE questionnairewith the Pearson’s correlation. Results showed among male an internal consistency 0.521, andamong female a consistency of 0.584. One factor explained 34.7% of the variance in males, and one especifactor was responsible of 37.5% of variance in females. Finally, SCOFF scores and CAGE scorespresented a poor correlation both males and females. In conclusion the SCOFF questionnaire presents an acceptable internal consistency, and a high divergence with the CAGE questionnaire among male and female adolescents. Further, the criterion validation of SCOFF questionnaire is needed for males.

ADALBERTO CAMPO-ARIAS; LUIS ALFONSO DÍAZ-MARTÍNEZ,; GERMÁN EDUARDO RUEDA-JAIMES; JORGE ARTURO MARTÍNEZ-MANTILLA; WALTER AMAYA-NARANJO; HORACIO ALFREDO CAMPILLO

2006-01-01

309

[Questionnaire on the anaesthesiology treatment of patients subjected to posterior fossa neurosurgery].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To find out, by means of a questionnaire, the procedures used by Spanish anaesthetists in peri-operative management of patients subjected to neurosurgery of the posterior cranial fossa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A closed-question type questionnaire was sent to Anaesthesiology Departments with a Neurosurgery Department on the participation of anaesthetists in the peri-operative treatment of patients subjected posterior fossa surgery. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 42 (57.5%) of the 73 national public hospitals with a Neurosurgery Department. The posterior fossa surgery was performed in the sitting position in 36 hospitals, although it was less frequently used than the lateral decubitus or prone decubitus position. There was little specific neurological monitoring, as well as little use of precordial and/or transcranial Doppler for detecting vascular air embolism. Nitrous oxide was used in less than 10% of the centres, and 15% avoided neuromuscular block when neurophysiological monitoring was used during the surgery. Cardiovascular problems were mentioned as being the most frequent in 29% of the centres, while in the post-operative period the most common complications were, cranial nerve déficit, airway oedema (23%), and post-operative vomiting (47%). CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained from the questionnaire showed that the sitting position was less used than the prone position in posterior fossa surgery, and that neurophysiological monitoring is during surgery is hardly used.

Ingelmo II; Juliá NF; Rama-Maceiras P; Romero RR; Quiles RB; Sola LV; Krauchi OR; Honorato C; Palazón JH; Ledesma MJ

2012-03-01

310

[Validation of a questionnaire on improving work satisfaction (CMSL) in primary care professionals].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction of health professionals is considered to be a quality indicator, as it is related to the efficacy of the services. The aim of the study is to validate a questionnaire for evaluating job satisfaction improvement in a population of health professionals in primary care in Navarre. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive study with self-completed questionnaires; the target population was all health care professionals (family doctors, pediatricians and nurses) of primary health centers of Navarre. A Lickert scale was used for measuring the items. Other variables measured were: sex, years in the profession, job satisfaction, professional status, health center, and 47 items on improving job satisfaction. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to evaluate reliability, and to evaluate construct validity factor analysis with varimax rotation, grouping the items in 9 dimensions was used. RESULTS: A total of 414 questionnaires were collected. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.933. Forty-one point two eight seven percent (41.287%) of total variance was explained by five dimensions. The dimension "relations with patients" presented the highest average (4.087) of improvement in job satisfaction, and the item "If it were possible to eliminate unjustified demand" showed an average of 4.21. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire designed is a valid instrument for a comprehensive evaluation of the improvement in the job satisfaction of primary care professionals. The results obtained can indicate which areas of improvement should be implemented in order to improve the satisfaction of the professionals.

Pérez-Ciordia I; Guillén-Grima F; Brugos Larumbe A; Aguinaga Ontoso I

2012-09-01

311

A systematic review of screening questionnaires for obstructive sleep apnea.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may lead to life-threatening problems if it is left undiagnosed. Polysomnography is the "gold standard" for OSA diagnosis; however, it is expensive and not widely available. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and evaluate the available questionnaires for screening OSA. SOURCE: We carried out a literature search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL to identify eligible studies. The methodological validity of each study was assessed using the Cochrane Methods Group's guideline. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Ten studies (n = 1,484 patients) met the inclusion criteria. The Berlin questionnaire was the most common questionnaire (four studies) followed by the Wisconsin sleep questionnaire (two studies). Four studies were conducted exclusively on "sleep-disorder patients", and six studies were conducted on "patients without history of sleep disorders". For the first group, pooled sensitivity was 72.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 66.0-78.0%; I(2) = 23.0%) and pooled specificity was 61.0% (95% CI: 55.0-67.0%; I(2) = 43.8%). For the second group, pooled sensitivity was 77.0% (95% CI: 73.0-80.0%; I(2) = 78.1%) and pooled specificity was 53.0% (95% CI: 50-57%; I(2) = 88.8%). The risk of verification bias could not be eliminated in eight studies due to insufficient reporting. Studies on snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, and high blood pressure (STOP) and STOP including body mass index, age, neck circumference, gender (Bang) questionnaires had the highest methodological quality. CONCLUSION: The existing evidence regarding the accuracy of OSA questionnaires is associated with promising but inconsistent results. This inconsistency could be due to studies with heterogeneous design (population, questionnaire type, validity). STOP and STOP-Bang questionnaires for screening of OSA in the surgical population are suggested due to their higher methodological quality and easy-to-use features.

Abrishami A; Khajehdehi A; Chung F

2010-05-01

312

[Validation of a questionnaire of lycopene frequency intake].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: An inverse relationship between some chronic degenerative diseases and plasma lycopene levels has been demonstrated. Dietary intake questionnaires are one of the current methods most used to ascertain dietary patterns and explore their association with the disease risk. The main drawback of their use is the need for previous validation. The purpose of this study was to validate a frequency questionnaire in order to assess the intake of licopene, in the population of the Canary Islands. METHODS: A food intake frequency questionnaire was designed and administered to 70 patients of the Plastic Surgery Service of the Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria. Estimated lycopene intake from the food intake frequency questionnaire was examined in relation to plasma lycopene levels, measured by HPLC. RESULTS: The Spearman correlation coefficient between estimated lycopene intake and plasma levels was 0,421 and the validity of the questionnaire was demonstrated. Furthermore, an association between obesity and some pathologies with plasma lycopene levels was observed, although not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The food intake frequency questionnaire is valid and it could be useful in epidemiological studies in the population of the Canary Islands.

Ramos Gordillo M; Cabrera Fránquiz F; Pérez Lorenzo Y; Cabrera Oliva J; Yedra M; Sánchez Villegas A

2012-07-01

313

Construction and Validation of Attitudes Toward Plagiarism Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim To develop and test the psychometric characteristics of a questionnaire measuring attitudes toward plagiarism. Methods Participants were 227 undergraduates and graduate students from three Croatian universities, with a median age of 21 years (range 18 to 48). Research was conducted from March to June 2009. For the purpose of construction of the first version of the questionnaire, 67 statements (items) were developed. The statements were based on the relevant literature and were developed following rules and recommendations for questionnaire writing, and 36 items were chosen for final validation. Factor analysis was used to find out the factor structure of the questionnaire and to measure construct validity. Results The final version of the questionnaire consisted of 29 items divided into a three-factor structure: factor I – positive attitude toward plagiarism (12 items); factor II – negative attitude toward plagiarism (7 items); and factor III – subjective norms toward plagiarism (10 items). Cronbach ? was calculated to confirm the reliability of the scale: factor I – ??=?0.83; factor II – ??=?0.79; and factor III – ??=?0.85. Correlations between factors were: -0.37 between I and II, -0.41 between I and III, and +0.31 between II and III. Conclusion Attitudes Toward Plagiarism questionnaire was developed, with good psychometric characteristics. It will be used in future research as a standardized tool for measuring attitudes toward plagiarism.

Mavrinac, Martina; Brumini, Gordana; Bilic-Zulle, Lidija; Petrovecki, Mladen

2010-01-01

314

Women show worse control of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors than men: results from the MIND.IT Study Group of the Italian Society of Diabetology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study explores the degree of control of hyperglycaemia and cardiovascular (CV) disease risk factors in men and women with type 2 diabetes and the impact thereon of obesity, central adiposity, age and use of medications. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 10 hospital-based outpatients diabetes clinics. 1297 men and 1168 women with no previous CV events were studied. Women were slightly (only one year) older and more obese than men: average BMI was respectively 30.7 ± 5.7 vs 28.6 ± 4.1 kg/m(2) (p < 0.001), and prevalence of abdominal obesity was 86% vs 44% (p < 0.001). Women smoked less, but had higher HbA1c, LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and serum fibrinogen than men. Accordingly optimal targets for HbA1c (<7%), LDL cholesterol (<100 mg/dL), HDL cholesterol (>40 for men, >50 for women, mg/dL), and systolic blood pressure (<130 mmHg) were less frequently achieved by women than men (respectively 33.8% vs 40.2%; 14.6% vs 19.2%; 34.1% vs 44.5%; 68.8% vs 72%; p < 0.05 for all). Findings were confirmed after stratification for waist circumference (< or ? 88 cm for women; < or ? 102 cm for men), BMI (< or ? 25 kg/m(2)) or age (< or ? 65 years). As for treatment, women were more likely than men to take insulin, alone or in combination with oral hypoglycaemic drugs, to be under anti-hypertensive treatment, whereas the use of lipid lowering drugs was similar in men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Control of hyperglycaemia and major CVD risk factors is less satisfactory in women than men. The gender disparities are not fully explained by the higher prevalence of total and central obesity in women; or by a less intensive medical management in women.

Franzini L; Ardigò D; Cavalot F; Miccoli R; Rivellese AA; Trovati M; Zavaroni I; Vaccaro O

2013-03-01

315

[DEWIPA--a standardized questionnaire for assessing knowledge about symptoms, etiology and psychopharmacologic treatment in patients with depressive episodes  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire for measuring depressed patients' knowledge of their disease. METHODS: 55 patients suffering from depressive episodes answered a 77-items questionnaire. RESULTS: Item analysis showed a discriminative power higher than 30 for 40 items, all of which applied to one factor. The items were arranged into two thematically similar 20 items forms. We added four additional items (discriminative power between 0.20 and 0.29) because future research may lead to different results concerning discriminative power. The questionnaires DEWIPA-A and DEWIPA-B consists of 24 items each. The average difficulty is equal for both DEWIPA forms and they both possess significant discriminative power. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the hypothesis that DEWIPA is a valid and reliable instrument to determine patients' knowledge of symptoms, causes and the psychopharmacological treatment of depression.

Müller J; Luderer HJ

1999-07-01

316

Young cochlear implant users' auditory development as measured and monitored by the LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire: a Turkish experience.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the usefulness of the LittlEARS(®) Auditory Questionnaire (LEAQ) in determining the audiological development of Turkish children who have received a cochlear implant. METHODS: 20 children received a cochlear implant before their 3rd birthday. Each child's progress was evaluated with the LittlEARS(®) Auditory Questionnaire at first device fitting and then at 3-month intervals for 2 years. Scores were compared with the age-related norms established by hearing children. RESULTS: All children showed a significant increase in LittlEARS(®) Auditory Questionnaire scores over time. Nearly all children showed a growth in auditory skills similar to that of hearing children. Children without additional needs showed more development than did children with additional needs. CONCLUSIONS: The LittlEARS(®) Auditory Questionnaire is useful for monitoring the audiological development of young children with a cochlear implant. Confirmation that a cochlear implant user is achieving typical auditory milestones serves to boost parental morale during a child's pre-verbal stage when parents may be anxious about their child's ability to talk. The questionnaire could also be useful as an early warning system. Poor scores likely indicate that something is impeding the child's development. This should prompt professionals to try to identify the impediment, whether technical, medical, social or educational and, possibly, eliminate/mitigate its effects while the child is still in his/her critical development stages.

Kosaner J; Sonuguler S; Olgun L; Amann E

2013-08-01

317

Variability of selected indicators of physical activity in a randomized sample of the Czech population between the years 2003–2006: Results from the short and long self administered format of the IPAQ questionnaire [Variabilita vybraných indikátor? pohybové aktivity u randomizovaných soubor? ?eské populace v letech 2003–2006: Výsledky z krátké a dlouhé administrativní verze IPAQ dotazníku  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The effort to gain worldwide data on the levels of physical activity (PA) of different populations, which would be comparable, led to the creation and standardization of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study is to determine the variability of PA indicators of two equivalent forms of the Czech self administered format of the IPAQ questionnaire applied in a randomized sample of the Czech population between the years 2003–2006. METHODS: A randomized sample of 11277 (5683 females and 5594 males) of the Czech population aged 15–69 took part in the study. The short self administered format of the IPAQ was applied in 2066 women and 1976 men in Fall 2003 and Spring 2004. The long self administered format of the IPAQ (or as a part of the ANEWS questionnaire) was applied to 1688 women and 1689 men in Fall 2004 and Spring 2005 (or in 1929 women and 1929 men in Fall 2005 and Spring 2006). Individual samples of respondents were randomized according to sex, age, and size of the location of residence in compliance with the data from the Czech Statistical Office (www.czso.cz). RESULTS: There are no significant differences found between men and women in MET–minutes/week in total PA, transportation PA, job related PA and walking as shown by the separately applied long self administered format of the IPAQ and the ANEWS questionnaire (inc. long format of IPAQ). In the self administered format of the IPAQ, we have found both in men and women lower values of total PA (p < 0.0001) than in the long self administered format of the IPAQ or the ANEWS questionnaire. No differences between the values of MET–minutes/week for walking and sitting both in men and women on working days were found in the different forms of the IPAQ questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: Having used the equivalent forms of the short or long Czech self administered format of the IPAQ questionnaire, we have not found any differences between MET–minutes/week for walking and sitting on working days. The long self administered format of the IPAQ provides more detailed results on PA. However, the value of total PA is significantly higher than that obtained using the short self administered format of the IPAQ. In order to obtain more exact data on PA, we recommend using the long self administered format of the IPAQ simultaneously with pedometer or accelerometer PA monitoring. [VÝCHODISKA: Snaha o získání celosv?tov? srovnatelných výsledk? o úrovni pohybové aktivity (PA) r?zných popula?ních skupin vyústila ve vytvo?ení a standardizaci Mezinárodního dotazníku o pohybové aktivit? (IPAQ). CÍLE: Hlavním cílem této studie bylo zjistit variabilitu vybraných prom?nných PA ze dvou ekvivalentních forem ?eských administrativních verzí IPAQ dotazníku aplikovaných u randomizovaných soubor? ?eské populace v letech 2003–2006. METODIKA: Ve studii byla použita data od 11277 obyvatel ?eské republiky (5683 žen a 5594 muž?) ve v?ku 15–69 let. Krátká administrativní verze IPAQ byla u 2066 žen a 1976 muž? aplikována na podzim 2003 a ja?e 2004. Dlouhá administrativní verze IPAQ (resp. jako sou?ást ANEWS dotazníku) byla použita u 1688 žen a 1689 muž? na podzim 2004 a ja?e 2005 (resp. u 1929 žen a 1929 muž? na podzim 2005 a ja?e 2006). Jednotlivé soubory ú?astník? byly randomizovány podle pohlaví, v?ku a velikosti místa bydlišt? v souladu s údaji ?eského statistického ú?adu (www.czso.cz). VÝSLEDKY: Mezi samostatn? aplikovanou dlouhou verzí IPAQ a ANEWS dotazníkem (obsahujícím dlouhou verzi IPAQ) nenacházíme u muž? ani žen výrazné rozdíly v MET–minut/týden v celkové PA, transportní PA, PA v zam?stnání a ch?zi. U krátké verze IPAQ zaznamenáváme u muž? i žen nižší hodnoty celkové PA (p < 0,0001) než v dlouhé verzi IPAQ (resp. ANEWS dotazníku). Bez rozdílu mezi jednotlivými ekvivalentními formami IPAQ dotazníku jsou u muž? i žen hodnoty MET–minut/týden za ch?zi a doba sezení v praco

Erik Sigmund; Dagmar Sigmundová; Josef Mitáš; František Chmelík; Jana Vaší?ková; Karel Frömel

2009-01-01

318

Validation of the LittlEARS((R)) Auditory Questionnaire in children with normal hearing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: With more children receiving cochlear implants during infancy, there is a need for validated assessments of pre-verbal and early verbal auditory skills. The LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire is presented here as the first module of the LittlEARS test battery. The LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire was developed and piloted to assess the auditory behaviour of normal hearing children and hearing impaired children who receive a cochlear implant or hearing aid prior to 24 months of age. This paper presents results from two studies: one validating the LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire on children with normal hearing who are German speaking and a second validating the norm curves found after adaptation and administration of the questionnaire to children with normal hearing in 15 different languages. METHODS: Scores from a group of 218 German and Austrian children with normal hearing between 5 days and 24 months of age were used to create a norm curve. The questionnaire was adapted from the German original into English and then 15 other languages to date. Regression curves were found based on parental responses from 3309 normal hearing infants and toddlers. Curves for each language were compared to the original German validation curve. RESULTS: The results of the first study were a norm curve which reflects the age-dependence of auditory behaviour, reliability and homogeneity as a measure of auditory behaviour, and calculations of expected and critical values as a function of age. Results of the second study show that the regression curves found for all the adapted languages are essentially equal to the German norm curve, as no statistically significant differences were found. CONCLUSIONS: The LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire is a valid, language-independent tool for assessing the early auditory behaviour of infants and toddlers with normal hearing. The results of this study suggest that the LittlEARS Auditory Questionnaire could also be very useful for documenting children's progress with their current amplification, providing evidence of the need for implantation, or highlighting the need for follow-up in other developmental areas.

Coninx F; Weichbold V; Tsiakpini L; Autrique E; Bescond G; Tamas L; Compernol A; Georgescu M; Koroleva I; Le Maner-Idrissi G; Liang W; Madell J; Miki? B; Obrycka A; Pankowska A; Pascu A; Popescu R; Radulescu L; Rauhamäki T; Rouev P; Kabatova Z; Spitzer J; Thodi Ch; Varzic F; Vischer M; Wang L; Zavala JS; Brachmaier J

2009-12-01

319

Questionnaire-based evaluation of everyday competence in older adults  

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Full Text Available Tobias Kalisch1, Julia Richter3, Melanie Lenz1, Jan-Christoph Kattenstroth2, Izabela Kolankowska2, Martin Tegenthoff1, Hubert R Dinse21Department of Neurology, BG-Kliniken Bergmannsheil, 2Neural Plasticity Lab, Institute for Neuroinformatics, Department of Theoretical Biology, 3Faculty of Psychology, Department of Methods, Diagnostics and Evaluation, Ruhr-University Bochum, GermanyBackground: Gerontological research aims at understanding factors that are crucial for mediating “successful aging”. This term denotes the absence of significant disease and disabilities, maintenance of high levels of physical and cognitive function, and preservation of social and productive activities. Preservation of an active lifestyle is considered an effective means through which everyday competence can be attained. In this context, it is crucial to obtain ratings of modern day older adults’ everyday competence by means of appropriate assessments. Here, we introduce the Everyday Competence Questionnaire (ECQ), designed to assess healthy older adults' everyday competence.Methods: The ECQ includes 17 items, covering housekeeping, leisure activities, sports, daily routines, manual skills, subjective well-being, and general linguistic usage. The ECQ was administered to a population of 158 healthy subjects aged 60–91 years, who were divided into groups on the basis of their physical activity. These groups were community-dwelling subjects, those living independently and having a sedentary lifestyle, those living independently but characterized by a general lifestyle without any noteworthy physical activity, and those living independently and exercising regularly. Age, gender, and education levels were balanced between the groups.Results: Using the ECQ, we could identify and distinguish different everyday competence levels between the groups tested: Subjects characterized by an active lifestyle outperformed all other groups. Subjects characterized by a general lifestyle showed higher everyday competence than those with a sedentary lifestyle or subjects who needed care. Furthermore, the ECQ data showed a significant positive correlation between individual physical activity and everyday competence.Conclusion: The ECQ is a novel tool for the questionnaire-based evaluation of everyday competence among healthy subjects. By including leisure activities, it considers the changed living conditions of modern-day older adults.Keywords: successful aging, everyday competence, questionnaire-based evaluation

Tobias Kalisch; Julia Richter; Melanie Lenz; et al 

2011-01-01

320

Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: tradução e adaptação transcultural/ Simulator Sickness Questionnaire: translation and cross-cultural adaptation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Contexto: O estudo de cybersickness, sintomas desconfortáveis relacionados à interação em ambientes virtuais, é importante para a implementação de melhorias destes, para ajudar a preservar o bem-estar dos usuários e reduzir o abandono às exposições virtuais. Usar um instrumento adequado para identificar e mensurar os sintomas de cybersickness, de forma padronizada, pode contribuir para essa finalidade. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar as etapa (more) s de tradução e adaptação para a língua portuguesa do instrumento Simulator Sickness Questionnaire, que mede os sintomas de cybersickness. Métodos: Três traduções e retrotraduções foram realizadas por avaliadores independentes; realizaram-se a equivalência semântica e a avaliação das versões, sendo elaborada uma versão síntese. Os comentários dos participantes sobre a versão preliminar do questionário foram examinados. Resultados: Foi construída a versão brasileira preliminar do questionário. Verificou-se que a maioria dos participantes entendeu as descrições dos sintomas expostas no questionário em português. Conclusão: A utilização de três versões de tradução e retrotradução, discussão sobre a versão síntese e a interlocução com a população-alvo proporcionaram viabilidade ao processo de equivalência semântica da versão final brasileira. Abstract in english Background: The study of cybersickness, uncomfortable symptoms related to interaction in vir­tual environments, is important for these environments? improvement that help to preserve the welfare of users and reduce the abandonment of virtual exposures. Using an appropriate instrument to identify and measure the symptoms of cybersickness in a standardized way can contribute to this purpose. Objective: The objective of the current study is to present the stages of transla (more) tion and adaptation into Portuguese of the instrument "Simulator Sickness Questionnaire", which measures cybersickness? symptoms. Methods: Three translations and back translations were conducted by independent evaluators, the semantic equivalence and versions? evaluation were made, producing a synthesized version. Comments from participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. Results: The preliminary Brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. It was found that most participants understood the symptoms? descriptions given in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: The use of three different versions of translation and back translation, the discussion of the synthetic version and the interaction with the target population have provided viability for the process of semantic equivalence of the Brazilian final version.

Carvalho, Marcele Regine de; Costa, Rafael Thomaz da; Nardi, Antonio Egidio

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

322

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

323

End-of-life practices in Danish ICUs: development and validation of a questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Practices for withholding or withdrawing therapy vary according to professional, cultural and religious differences. No Danish-validated questionnaire examining withholding and withdrawing practices exists, thus the aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire for surveying the views of intensive care nurses, intensivists, and primary physicians regarding collaboration and other aspects of withholding and withdrawing therapy in the ICU. Methods A questionnaire was developed on the basis of literature, focus group interviews with intensive care nurses and intensivists, and individual interviews with primary physicians. The questionnaire was validated in the following 3 phases: a qualitative test with 17 participants; a quantitative pilot test with 60 participants; and a survey with 776 participants. The validation process included tests for face and content validity (by interviewing participants in the qualitative part of the pilot study), reliability (by assessing the distribution of responses within the individual response categories), agreement (by conducting a test-retest, evaluated by paired analyses), known groups’ validity (as a surrogate test for responsiveness, by comparing two ICUs with a known difference in end-of-life practices), floor and ceiling effect, and missing data. Results Face and content validity were assessed as good by the participants in the qualitative pilot test; all considered the questions relevant and none of the participants found areas lacking. Almost all response categories were used by the participants, thus demonstrating the questionnaires ability to distinguish between different respondents, agreement was fair (the average test-retest agreement for the Likert scale responses was 0.54 (weighted kappa; range, 0.25-0.73), and known groups’ validity was proved by finding significant differences in level of satisfaction with interdisciplinary collaboration and in experiences of withdrawal decisions being unnecessarily postponed. Floor and ceiling effect was in accordance with other questionnaires, and missing data was limited to a range of 0-7% for all questions. Conclusions The validation showed good and fair areas of validity of the questionnaire. The questionnaire is considered a useful tool to assess the perceptions of collaboration and other aspects of withholding and withdrawing therapy practices in Danish ICUs amongst nurses, intensivists, and primary physicians.

Jensen Hanne; Ammentorp Jette; Erlandsen Mogens; Ørding Helle

2012-01-01

324

Study shows disappointing results in many safety indicators.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Improved monitoring is key to preventing hospital-acquired conditions. Getting patients ambulatory as soon as possible can help prevent bed sores. Allowing families to call rapid response teams helped reduce incidents of respiratory failure.

2009-06-01

325

Agreement between questionnaire and medical records on some health and socioeconomic problems among poisoning cases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the agreement between questionnaire and medical records on some health and socioeconomic problems among poisoning cases. METHODS: Cross-sectional sample of 100 poisoning cases consecutively admitted to the Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia during the period from September 2003 to February 2004 were studied. Data on health and socioeconomic problems were collected both by self-administered questionnaire and from medical records. Agreement between the two sets of data was assessed by calculating the concordance rate, Kappa (k) and PABAK. McNemar statistic was used to test differences between categories. RESULTS: Data collected by questionnaire and medical records showed excellent agreement on the "marital status"; good agreements on "chronic illness", "psychiatric illness", and "previous history of poisoning"; and fair agreements on "at least one health problem", and "boy-girl friends problem". PABAK values suggest better agreements' measures. CONCLUSION: There were excellent to good agreements between questionnaire and medical records on the marital status and most of the health problems and fair to poor agreements on the majority of socioeconomic problems. The implications of those findings were discussed.

Fathelrahman AI

2009-01-01

326

Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Women's Health and Life Experiences questionnaire measures the prevalence, health implications, and risk factors for domestic violence. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Malay version of World Health Organization (WHO) Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire. Construct validity and reliability assessment of the Malay version of the questionnaire was done on 20 specific items that measure four types of intimate partner violence (IPV) act; controlling behaviors (CB), emotional violence (EV), physical violence (PV), and sexual violence (SV), which were considered as the domains of interest. Face-to-face interviewing method was used for data collection. A total of 922 women completed the interviews. The results showed that exploratory factor analysis of four factors with eigenvalues above 1 accounted for 63.83% of the variance. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that all items loaded above 0.40 and the majority of items loaded on factors that were generally consistent with the proposed construct. The internal consistency reliability was good. The Cronbach's ? values ranged from 0.767 to 0.858 across domains. The Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire is a valid and reliable measure of women's health and experiences of IPV in Malaysia. PMID:23508088

Saddki, Norkhafizah; Sulaiman, Zaharah; Ali, Siti Hawa; Tengku Hassan, Tengku Nur Fadzilah; Abdullah, Sarimah; Ab Rahman, Azriani; Tengku Ismail, Tengku Alina; Abdul Jalil, Rohana; Baharudin, Zabedah

2013-03-18

327

Validity and reliability of the malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Women's Health and Life Experiences questionnaire measures the prevalence, health implications, and risk factors for domestic violence. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Malay version of World Health Organization (WHO) Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire. Construct validity and reliability assessment of the Malay version of the questionnaire was done on 20 specific items that measure four types of intimate partner violence (IPV) act; controlling behaviors (CB), emotional violence (EV), physical violence (PV), and sexual violence (SV), which were considered as the domains of interest. Face-to-face interviewing method was used for data collection. A total of 922 women completed the interviews. The results showed that exploratory factor analysis of four factors with eigenvalues above 1 accounted for 63.83% of the variance. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that all items loaded above 0.40 and the majority of items loaded on factors that were generally consistent with the proposed construct. The internal consistency reliability was good. The Cronbach's ? values ranged from 0.767 to 0.858 across domains. The Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire is a valid and reliable measure of women's health and experiences of IPV in Malaysia.

Saddki N; Sulaiman Z; Ali SH; Tengku Hassan TN; Abdullah S; Ab Rahman A; Tengku Ismail TA; Abdul Jalil R; Baharudin Z

2013-08-01

328

International Physical Activity Questionnaire: validation and assessment in an Italian sample  

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Full Text Available Background: A standardized method for the assessment of physical activity, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), was developed in the late 1990s as instrument for cross-national assessment. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the IPAQ short and long version questionnaire in a Italian sample.Methods: The long and short versions of IPAQ questionnaires were administered twice, with an interval of one day between each administration, to 2 different random samples. Cronbach’s alpha was used as a measure of the internal consistency of the two versions.Results: The long version was administered to 60 subjects and the short version to 58. The Cronbach’s alpha on items about physical activity in the long version was 0.73, and 0.60 for the short version. The referred comments on short and long version were not very different both in number and content though they suggest a better understanding of the short version compared to the long one.Discussion: IPAQ short and long versions show acceptable reliability properties in the Italian adult setting. The utilization of a questionnaire seems be more influenced by time of administration and number of requested information. In terms of internal consistency and validity they appear to have similar performance.

Alice Mannocci; Domitilla Di Thiene; Angela Del Cimmuto; Daniele Masala; Antonio Boccia; Elisabetta De Vito; Giuseppe La Torre

2010-01-01

329

A PILOT STUDY ON DESIGN AND VALIDATION OF MANASIKA PRAKRITI QUESTIONNAIRE  

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Full Text Available Background: Prakriti is the expression of one’s body constitution. It is the state of intensified Dosha in a non pathogenic state formed at the time of conception. These intensified Dosha are present in different proportion in different individual forming the Dehaprakriti which shows the psychosomatic expressions of individual. Satva, Raja and Tama are the Manasika Guna which are also intensified at the time of conception and there by forming the Manasika Prakriti which exhibit psychic function of individual. Objectives: The study was under taken to design and standardize the questionnaire to assess the Manasika Prakriti. Materials & Methods: Interview method which involves qualitative, semi structured data collection technique was used. Total 401 volunteers of either sex which included students and teaching staff from SDM College of Ayurveda and Hospital, Hassan were selected for the study. Study was conducted through interview method. Results: Questionnaire to assess Manaiska Prakriti was designed and subjected to internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha (0.651 to 0.806). Prepared questionnaire was administered to 401 adult subjects ranging from 17 yrs to 42 yrs. Among them 212 subjects were female and 189 male. Majority (75.2%) of individuals were of Satvika Prakriti. Conclusion: The thought, actions and psyche of an individual are based on three Gunas and the analysis of these three Gunas in an individual helps in better psychological assessment.Keywords: Prakriti, Manasika Prakriti, Questionnaire

Ravi Bhat; Shivprasad Chiplunkar; Suhas Kumar Shetty

2013-01-01

330

Evaluating the organisational climate in Italian public healthcare institutions by means of a questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background By means of the ICONAS project, the Healthcare Agency of an Italian Region developed, and used a standardised questionnaire to quantify the organisational climate. The aims of the project were (a) to investigate whether the healthcare institutions were interested in measuring climate, (b) to estimate the range of applicability and reliability of the instrument, (c) to analyse the dimensions of climate among healthcare personnel, (d) to assess the differences among employees with different contractual positions. Methods The anonymous questionnaire containing 50 items, each with a scale from 1 to 10, was offered to the healthcare organisations, to be compiled during ad hoc meetings. The data were sent to the central project coordinator. The differences between highly specialised staff (mostly physicians) and other employees were assessed after descriptive statistical analysis of the single items. Both Principal Component Analysis and Factor Analysis were used. Results Ten healthcare organisations agreed to partecipate. The questionnaire was completed by 8691 employees out of 13202. The mean value of organisational climate was 4.79 (range 1–10). There were significant differences among single items and between the 2 groups of employees. Multivariate methods showed: (a) one principal component explained > 40% of the variance, (b) 7 factors summarised the data. Conclusion Italian healthcare institutions are interested in assessing organisational phenomena, especially after the reforms of the nineties. The instrument was found to be applicable and suitable for measuring organisational climate. Administration of the questionnaire leads to an acceptable response rate. Climate can be discribed by means of 7 underlying dimensions.

Wienand, Ulrich; Cinotti, Renata; Nicoli, Augusta; Bisagni, Miriam

2007-01-01

331

The reliability and validity of the Chinese version of nurses' self-concept questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of nurses' self-concept questionnaire. BACKGROUND: Nurses' self-concept is important to alleviate the current shortage of nurses. Nurses' self-concept questionnaire is an effective instrument to measure nurses' self-perception of professional competencies. However, the psychometric properties of the Chinese version have not been tested. METHODS: A two-stage research design was used in this study. At Stage 1347 registered nurses were recruited to establish the psychometric properties of the Chinese version. At Stage 2, a confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the extracted factor structure from Stage 1 with 1017 respondents as a sample. RESULTS: The internal consistency of the Chinese version was 0.95 and the test-retest reliability was 0.83. The exploratory factor analysis extracted six dimensions. The findings at Stage 2 showed an acceptable model fit and discriminant validity. The Chinese version was a significant predictor of Maslach Burnout Inventory (? = -0.58; P = 0.00). CONCLUSIONS: This study verified the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of nurses' self-concept questionnaire. IMPLICATION FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The Chinese version of nurses' self-concept questionnaire will facilitate the evaluation of professional self-concept among nurses and help to develop the individualized self-concept strategies.

Cao XY; Liu XH; Tian L; Guo YQ

2013-05-01

332

Standard values and relationship-specific validity of the Bielefeld Relationship Expectations Questionnaire (BFPE)  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Bielefeld Partnership Expectations Questionnaire (BFPE) is a tool to assess attachment in the romantic relationships of adults. The attachment styles are operationalized as configuration patterns of scale scores. While convergent validity has already been investigated, discriminant validity is still lacking confirmation. Methods The present sample (n = 1509) is representative for the German population aged 18 to 50. The mean age was 34.6 years. Most of the participants lived in a relationship (77.3 %). Discriminant validity was analyzed using a marital quality questionnaire (PFB), a social support questionnaire (F-Soz-U K-14), and a life satisfaction questionnaire (FLZ). Results All the BFPE scales have a satisfying internal consistency between r = .79 and .86. Those individuals who showed a secure pattern, i.e. increased "Readiness for Self-Disclosure" and "Conscious Need for Care" as well as reduced "Fear of Rejection" experienced their partner as socially supportive, reported higher marital quality in all of its facets, and were more satisfied within the life-domains "family/children" and "relationship/sexuality". Standard values for each scale are presented. Conclusions The BFPE has repeatedly been verified as a short, reliable, and valid instrument applicable to research practice with healthy individuals as well as within clinical contexts.

Petrowski Katja; Berth Hendrik; Paul Sören; Grande Gesine; Stöbel-Richter Yve; Brähler Elmar

2010-01-01

333

Screening for poststroke depression using the patient health questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Although poststroke depression has a significant impact on a patient's ability to recover after stroke, it is generally not recognized. Structured screening can help nurses identify symptoms of depression in stroke patients. In clinical practice, the utility of an instrument is as importantas its validity and reliability. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability, validity, and clinical utility of the nine-item and two-item patient health questionnaires (PHQ-9 and PHQ-2, respectively) in stroke patients in a clinical nursing setting. The results of these questionnaires will be compared against those from the Geriatric Depression Scale. METHODS: The PHQ-9 was administered by 43 ward nurses in 55 patients with an intracerebral hemorrhage or ischemic infarction who were able to communicate adequately. The interrater reliability, test-retest reliability and internal consistency, concurrent validity, diagnostic accuracy, and clinical utility were evaluated. RESULTS: The interrater reliability (intraclass correlation [ICC] = 0.98, 95% CI [0.96, 0.99]), test-retest reliability (?(Sp) = 0.75, p < .001), and internal consistency (Cronbach's ? = 0.79) of the PHQ-9 were good. The concurrent validity was moderate for the PHQ-9, with a Pearson's correlation of .7 (p < .001) and acceptable for the PHQ-2 with a Pearson's correlation of .8 (p < .01). The optimum cutoff point of the PHQ-9 for major depression was 10 (sensitivity, 100%; specificity,86%; positive predicted value, 50%; and negative predicted value, 100%). For the PHQ-2, the optimum cutoff point was 2 (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 77%; positive predicted value, 38%; and negative predicted value, 100%). DISCUSSION: The PHQ is a brief and easy-to-use instrument for nursing practice. It shows good reliability, validity, and clinical utility when used in stroke patients who are able to communicate adequately.

de Man-van Ginkel JM; Gooskens F; Schepers VP; Schuurmans MJ; Lindeman E; Hafsteinsdóttir TB

2012-09-01

334

Nail psoriasis: a questionnaire-based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Skin manifestations are the most characteristic finding of psoriasis. However, nail involvement is also a clinical feature of disease although it is often overlooked. The documented prevalence of nail psoriasis varies between 10·0% and 81·1%. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation is to gain knowledge about the prevalence and clinical manifestations of nail psoriasis and patient experiences of treatment of nail psoriasis. METHODS: A structured, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all members (n = 5400) of the Dutch Psoriasis Association. The questionnaire enquired about sociodemographic patient characteristics, disease-related data and treatment of nail psoriasis. Patients reported their nail manifestations with photographs after instruction. Patients with nail psoriasis were compared with patients without nail psoriasis. RESULTS: A response rate of 27% was achieved. The prevalence of nail psoriasis was 66·0%. The most frequently observed psoriatic nail manifestation was pitting (65·4%), whereas red spots in the lunula were infrequently seen (6·5%). Patients with nail psoriasis more frequently stated psoriasis capitis (75·8% vs. 65·7%), genital psoriasis (32·7% vs. 20·3%) and psoriatic arthritis (46·4% vs. 30·6%) compared with patients with psoriasis without nail involvement. Only 16·0% of patients received treatment for nail psoriasis. Systemic therapies were most frequently stated as being effective for nail lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Nail manifestations seem to be more prevalent in patients with psoriasis than previously thought. In addition, nail psoriasis is shown to be associated with widespread and more severe forms of psoriasis, and different treatment options are experienced as being effective for nail psoriasis. Notwithstanding, nail psoriasis is still an often overlooked feature of the disease.

Klaassen KM; van de Kerkhof PC; Pasch MC

2013-08-01

335

Ischaemic heart disease and glycaemic control in type-2 diabetes mellitus by questionnaire method  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Background: Various tests like Echocardiogram, Nuclear scan, Electron-beam computed tomography, Coronary angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are available for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease (IHD). But most of these are expensive, invasive and cannot be afforded in developing countries. An attempt was made to study sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of non-invasive technique like questionnaire method and compared with traditional clinical evaluation. This study