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1

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

2

Clinician views of referring people with negative symptoms to outcome research: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a survey of mental health clinician views of including people with psychosis and negative symptoms in outcome research. A questionnaire was forwarded to clinicians (the majority of whom were mental health nurses) completing post-registration undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in psychosocial interventions for psychosis. Fifty questionnaires were returned (a response rate of 84.7%). A total of 47% of respondents indicated that they might refrain from offering this group as potential participants to clinical trials. Thematic analysis suggests views that negative symptoms are not amenable to treatment inform such decisions. The results highlight the potential difficulties faced by researchers investigating new treatments for people with negative symptoms, and suggest further exploration of clinician views of referring this group to research and psychosocial treatments is warranted. PMID:21951838

Mairs, Hilary; Lovell, Karina; Keeley, Philip

2011-09-23

3

Clinician views of referring people with negative symptoms to outcome research: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports on a survey of mental health clinician views of including people with psychosis and negative symptoms in outcome research. A questionnaire was forwarded to clinicians (the majority of whom were mental health nurses) completing post-registration undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in psychosocial interventions for psychosis. Fifty questionnaires were returned (a response rate of 84.7%). A total of 47% of respondents indicated that they might refrain from offering this group as potential participants to clinical trials. Thematic analysis suggests views that negative symptoms are not amenable to treatment inform such decisions. The results highlight the potential difficulties faced by researchers investigating new treatments for people with negative symptoms, and suggest further exploration of clinician views of referring this group to research and psychosocial treatments is warranted.

Mairs H; Lovell K; Keeley P

2012-04-01

4

A questionnaire survey of stress and bullying in doctors undertaking research  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Research is an increasingly important aspect of higher medical training for many doctors. Studies investigating sources of stress, isolation, and workplace bullying have not previously sought information in this setting. Methods: An internet based questionnaire survey of doctors undertaking research (n = 259) was conducted to examine stressors and levels of job satisfaction in this potentially vulnerable group. In order to assess overall levels of satisfaction, we asked whether doctors would recommend their research post to a colleague. Results: There was a statistically significant association between those who would not recommend their post to a colleague and those who had difficulties in arranging funding and in writing up (pworkplace bullying, and having an inadequate clinical commitment (p<0.001). When the significant variables were entered into a multivariate analysis, the results showed that dissatisfaction was associated with wanting to change supervisors and with a threat to professional status. Conclusions: Stress and bullying are common in doctors undertaking research. These findings have important implications for medical training and for doctors choosing research projects. Setting up systems of support may have important benefits.

Stebbing, J; Mandalia, S; Portsmouth, S; Leonard, P; Crane, J; Bower, M; Earl, H; Quine, L

2004-01-01

5

The study on the outsourcing of Taiwan's hospitals: a questionnaire survey research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the outsourcing situation in Taiwanese hospitals and compares the differences in hospital ownership and in accreditation levels. METHODS: This research combined two kinds of methods: a questionnaire survey and the in-depth interview to two CEOs of the sample hospitals. One hospital is not-for-profit, while the other is a public hospital and the research samples are from the hospital data from Taiwan's 2005 to 2007 Department of Health qualifying lists of hospital accreditation. The returned questionnaires were analyzed with STATISTICA 7.1 version software. RESULTS: The results for non-medical items showed medical waste and common trash both have the highest rate (94.6 percent) of being outsourced. The gift store (75 percent) and linen (73 percent) follow close behind, while the lowest rate of outsourcing is in utility maintenance (13.5 percent). For medical items, the highest rate of outsourcing is in the ambulance units (51.4 percent), while the hemodialysis center follows close behind with a rate of 50 percent. For departments of nutrition, pharmacy, and nursing however, the outsourcing rate is lower than 3 percent. This shows that Taiwan's hospitals are still conservative in their willingness to outsource for medical items. The results of the satisfaction paired t-test show that the non-medical items have a higher score than the medical items. The factor analysis showed the three significant factors in of non medical items' outsourcing are "performance", "finance", and "human resource". For medical items, the two factors are "operation" and satisfaction". To further exam the factor validity and reliability of the satisfaction model, a confirmative factor analysis (CFA) was conducted using structure equation modeling (SEM) method and found the model fitting well. CONCLUSION: Hospitals, especially for public hospitals, can get benefits from outsourcing to revive the full-time-equivalent and human resource limitation.

Hsiao CT; Pai JY; Chiu H

2009-01-01

6

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA; MIRELA-CRISTINA VOICU

2011-01-01

7

Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung city  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality perceptions are important. Aim: to investigate using a modified SERVQUAL questionnaire in assessing patient expectations, perceptions, and loyalty towards kidney disease screening service quality. Method 1595 kidney disease screening program patients in Taichung City were requested to complete and return a modified kidney disease screening SERVQUAL questionnaire. 1187 returned them. Incomplete ones (102) were culled and 1085 were chosen as effective for use. Paired t-tests, correlation tests, ANOVA, LSD test, and factor analysis identified the characteristics and factors of service quality. The paired t-test tested expectation score and perception score gaps. A structural equation modeling system examined satisfaction-based components' relationships. Results The effective response rate was 91.4%. Several methods verified validity. Cronbach's alpha on internal reliability was above 0.902. On patient satisfaction, expectation scores are high: 6.50 (0.82), but perception scores are significantly lower 6.14 (1.02). Older patients' perception scores are lower than younger patients'. Expectation and perception scores for patients with different types of jobs are significantly different. Patients higher on education have lower scores for expectation (r = -0.09) and perception (r = -0.26). Factor analysis identified three factors in the 22 item SERVQUAL form, which account for 80.8% of the total variance for the expectation scores and 86.9% of the total variance for the satisfaction scores. Expectation and perception score gaps in all 22 items are significant. The goodness-of-fit summary of the SEM results indicates that expectations and perceptions are positively correlated, perceptions and loyalty are positively correlated, but expectations and loyalty are not positively correlated. Conclusions The results of this research suggest that the SERVQUAL instrument is a useful measurement tool in assessing and monitoring service quality in kidney disease screening services, enabling the staff to identify where service improvements are needed from the patients' perspectives.

Lin Deng-Juin; Li Ya-Hsin; Pai Jar-Yuan; Sheu Ing-Cheau; Glen Robert; Chou Ming-Jen; Lee Ching-Yi

2009-01-01

8

Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung City.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality perceptions are important. Aim: to investigate using a modified SERVQUAL questionnaire in assessing patient expectations, perceptions, and loyalty towards kidney disease screening service quality. METHOD: 1595 kidney disease screening program patients in Taichung City were requested to complete and return a modified kidney disease screening SERVQUAL questionnaire. 1187 returned them. Incomplete ones (102) were culled and 1085 were chosen as effective for use. Paired t-tests, correlation tests, ANOVA, LSD test, and factor analysis identified the characteristics and factors of service quality. The paired t-test tested expectation score and perception score gaps. A structural equation modeling system examined satisfaction-based components' relationships. RESULTS: The effective response rate was 91.4%. Several methods verified validity. Cronbach's alpha on internal reliability was above 0.902. On patient satisfaction, expectation scores are high: 6.50 (0.82), but perception scores are significantly lower 6.14 (1.02). Older patients' perception scores are lower than younger patients'. Expectation and perception scores for patients with different types of jobs are significantly different. Patients higher on education have lower scores for expectation (r = -0.09) and perception (r = -0.26). Factor analysis identified three factors in the 22 item SERVQUAL form, which account for 80.8% of the total variance for the expectation scores and 86.9% of the total variance for the satisfaction scores. Expectation and perception score gaps in all 22 items are significant. The goodness-of-fit summary of the SEM results indicates that expectations and perceptions are positively correlated, perceptions and loyalty are positively correlated, but expectations and loyalty are not positively correlated. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this research suggest that the SERVQUAL instrument is a useful measurement tool in assessing and monitoring service quality in kidney disease screening services, enabling the staff to identify where service improvements are needed from the patients' perspectives.

Lin DJ; Li YH; Pai JY; Sheu IC; Glen R; Chou MJ; Lee CY

2009-01-01

9

A questionnaire survey of stress and bullying in doctors undertaking research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Research is an increasingly important aspect of higher medical training for many doctors. Studies investigating sources of stress, isolation, and workplace bullying have not previously sought information in this setting.

Stebbing, J; Mandalia, S; Portsmouth, S; Leonard, P; Crane, J; Bower, M; Earl, H; Quine, L

10

Pronunciation Research by Written Questionnaire  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper discusses pronunciation research using a writtenquestionnaire to ask people overt questions about theirpronunciation. Several investigations that have used thisapproach are discussed. The technique is particularlyuseful for large-scale surveys of variability in lexicalincidence or in the phonological system. It is unsuitable forsurveying variability in phonetic realization.1.

J. C. Wells

11

Questionnaire survey on public risk perception of the wide area disposal of disaster waste generated after the Great East Japan Earthquake for residents in Okayama prefecture (Joint research)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Okayama University, Tottori University of Environmental Studies and Research Institute of Solid Waste Management Engineering had been conducting a research on risk perception and confidence-building among stakeholders regarding environmental remediation of Uranium mine site and disposal of industrial waste. Cognitive structure of public on safety for wide area disposal of disaster waste which had been generated from Iwate and Miyagi prefectures after the Great East Japan Earthquake would be important from a view of our research. Therefore, a questionnaire survey on public risk perception of the disposal of disaster waste for residents in Okayama prefecture has been carried out. The results are; 1) 93% of respondents support the local government cooperation for the disposal, 2) 87% of respondents support the acceptance and the disposal in their home town, and 3) 70% of respondents were concerned about radioactive contamination caused by the disposal. (author)

2012-01-01

12

Questionnaires in dictionary use research: A reexamination  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present paper re-examines the usefulness of questionnaires in dictionary use research, using Glynn Hatherall's well-known criticism of questionnaires as a starting point. It is argued here that charges directed at questionnaires apply equally easily to the alternatives suggested by Hatherall. It...

Lew, Robert

13

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

14

A Survey on Open Source Software using Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In today’s era computer is the basic need of everyone. From an individual to business organizations, Industries, colleges and universities, everyone use computer for their basic purpose. Software is a main part of a computer system. Today’s most of the person use proprietary and pirated software. These software are not the best options towards convenience of a user. Because proprietary software is costly, that is not afforded by every user and pirated software is illegal to use. The alternative to these software is open source software. Open source software is not widely used because of its less awareness among common man. This research paper analyzes the factors related to open source software that to aware and to check the awareness of open source software. The research paper includes a survey questionnaire that takes all the factors into count and before starting actual survey a pilot study for this questionnaire was done to confirm its acceptance.

Dr. Pardeep Mittal#1, Jatinderpal Singh

2013-01-01

15

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section... Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in...

2009-01-01

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[Improved questionnaire concerning the Danish National Survey of Patient Experiences.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We question the evaluation-design of the Danish National Survey of Patient Experiences (LUP). The results from the survey are part of the accreditation system in The Danish Health-care Quality Programme. How the evaluation-design may be improved is researched through a revised questionnaire tested during a three-month period. We find that the existing evaluation-model must be replaced by a developmental evaluation-approach/model which includes valid measures of patient-satisfaction, other target-groups, and allows for the context of the specific health-care sector.

Boolsen MW; Plum LM; Hillingsø JG

2013-08-01

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[The quality of the survey-questionnaire Danish National Survey of Patient Experiences is questionable.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We question the social science methodology in survey-questionnaire Danish National Survey of Patient Experiences (LUP). The results from the survey are part of the accreditation system in The Danish Health-care Quality Programme (DDKM). The methodological validity is researched through LUP-publications. We find that LUP has doubtful scientific quality which means that the validity of the survey results as such is questionable. Since this has consequences for the practical, economic, political and health-care decisions, we recommend that the total accreditation programme should be reconsidered.

Boolsen MW; Plum LM; Hillingsø JG

2013-08-01

18

Investigating the complementary value of discrete choice experiments for the evaluation of barriers and facilitators in implementation research: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The potential barriers and facilitators to change should guide the choice of implementation strategy. Implementation researchers believe that existing methods for the evaluation of potential barriers and facilitators are not satisfactory. Discrete choice experiments (DCE) are relatively new in the health care sector to investigate preferences, and may be of value in the field of implementation research. The objective of our study was to investigate the complementary value of DCE for the evaluation of barriers and facilitators in implementation research. Methods Clinical subject was the implementation of the guideline for breast cancer surgery in day care. We identified 17 potential barriers and facilitators to the implementation of this guideline. We used a traditional questionnaire that was made up of statements about the potential barriers and facilitators. Respondents answered 17 statements on a five-point scale ranging from one (fully disagree) to five (fully agree). The potential barriers and facilitators were included in the DCE as decision attributes. Data were gathered among anaesthesiologists, surgical oncologists, and breast care nurses by means of a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Results The overall response was 10%. The most striking finding was that the responses to the traditional questionnaire hardly differentiated between barriers. Forty-seven percent of the respondents thought that DCE is an inappropriate method. These respondents considered DCE too difficult and too time-consuming. Unlike the traditional questionnaire, the results of a DCE provide implementation researchers and clinicians with a relative attribute importance ranking that can be used to prioritize potential barriers and facilitators to change, and hence to better fine-tune the implementation strategies to the specific problems and challenges of a particular implementation process. Conclusion The results of our DCE and traditional questionnaire would probably lead to different implementation strategies. Although there is no 'gold standard' for prioritising potential barriers and facilitators to the implementation of change, theoretically, DCE would be the method of choice. However, the feasibility of using DCE was less favourable. Further empirical applications should investigate whether DCE can really make a valuable contribution to the implementation science.

van Helvoort-Postulart Debby; van der Weijden Trudy; Dellaert Benedict GC; de Kok Mascha; von Meyenfeldt Maarten F; Dirksen Carmen D

2009-01-01

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Nail psoriasis: a questionnaire-based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Skin manifestations are the most characteristic finding of psoriasis. However, nail involvement is also a clinical feature of disease although it is often overlooked. The documented prevalence of nail psoriasis varies between 10·0% and 81·1%. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation is to gain knowledge about the prevalence and clinical manifestations of nail psoriasis and patient experiences of treatment of nail psoriasis. METHODS: A structured, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all members (n = 5400) of the Dutch Psoriasis Association. The questionnaire enquired about sociodemographic patient characteristics, disease-related data and treatment of nail psoriasis. Patients reported their nail manifestations with photographs after instruction. Patients with nail psoriasis were compared with patients without nail psoriasis. RESULTS: A response rate of 27% was achieved. The prevalence of nail psoriasis was 66·0%. The most frequently observed psoriatic nail manifestation was pitting (65·4%), whereas red spots in the lunula were infrequently seen (6·5%). Patients with nail psoriasis more frequently stated psoriasis capitis (75·8% vs. 65·7%), genital psoriasis (32·7% vs. 20·3%) and psoriatic arthritis (46·4% vs. 30·6%) compared with patients with psoriasis without nail involvement. Only 16·0% of patients received treatment for nail psoriasis. Systemic therapies were most frequently stated as being effective for nail lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Nail manifestations seem to be more prevalent in patients with psoriasis than previously thought. In addition, nail psoriasis is shown to be associated with widespread and more severe forms of psoriasis, and different treatment options are experienced as being effective for nail psoriasis. Notwithstanding, nail psoriasis is still an often overlooked feature of the disease.

Klaassen KM; van de Kerkhof PC; Pasch MC

2013-08-01

20

A questionnaire based survey of biomass briquetting in India  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results of a questionnaire-based preliminary survey of biomass briquetting plants in India are briefly presented. Typical schedules for the repair and replacement of various components as arrived at in the study are also presented, along with a summary of suggestions made by briquetting plant owners. (author)

Tripathi, A.K. [Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, New Delhi (India); Iyer, P.V.R.; Kandpal, T.C. [Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India). Centre for Energy Studies

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Mailed survey follow-ups--are postcard reminders more cost-effective than second questionnaires?  

Science.gov (United States)

Finding cost-effective ways to increase response to mailed surveys is a concern for many nurse researchers. This study compared two follow-up methods: sending a second questionnaire packet versus sending a reminder postcard to those who did not respond to an initial mailing. Although the second questionnaire yielded a higher response than did the postcard, the cost per additional response was approximately 2 1/2 times higher for the questionnaire than for the postcard when the differential cost of the two mailings is considered. PMID:10943176

Becker, H; Cookston, J; Kulberg, V

2000-08-01

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Mailed survey follow-ups--are postcard reminders more cost-effective than second questionnaires?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Finding cost-effective ways to increase response to mailed surveys is a concern for many nurse researchers. This study compared two follow-up methods: sending a second questionnaire packet versus sending a reminder postcard to those who did not respond to an initial mailing. Although the second questionnaire yielded a higher response than did the postcard, the cost per additional response was approximately 2 1/2 times higher for the questionnaire than for the postcard when the differential cost of the two mailings is considered.

Becker H; Cookston J; Kulberg V

2000-08-01

23

A split questionnaire survey design applied to German media and consumer surveys  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On the basis of real data sets it is shown that splitting a questionnaire survey according to technical rather than qualitative criteria can reduce costs and respondent burden remarkably. Household interview surveys about media and consuming behavior are analyzed and splitted into components. Follow...

Rässler, Susanne; Koller, Florian; Mäenpää, Christine

24

Development of a standard questionnaire for occupational health research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Direct surveys of groups of workers can provide valuable occupational health surveillance data, but this requires consistent collection of data. As part of efforts to improve the standardization of such methodology, NIOSH is developing a standard occupational health questionnaire. This questionnaire will be designed to collect demographic and occupational history information in addition to information about the presence of a spectrum of work-related conditions. The questionnaire will have a modular structure and will consist of a core questionnaire and a series of condition-specific modules.

Ehrenberg, R L; Sniezek, J E

1989-01-01

25

Health survey of radiation workers. Results of questionnaire  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Japanese Society of Radiological Technology asked radiation workers about the radiation doses and the state of their health as well as family. The reports by the Health and Welfare Ministry were referenced to compare radiation workers with others. The questionnaire was sent to about 4,000 members, and returned from 2,479. The survey showed that 684 persons (27.6%) felt health anxiety, 455 persons (18.4%) had medical check for recent one year, and 1,645 persons (66.4%) had anamnesis. Radiation doses for one year and cumulated doses varied according to engaging duration. (K.H.)

Morikawa, Kaoru [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Medical School; Aoyama, Takashi; Kawagoe, Yasumitsu; Sunayashiki, Tadashi; Tanaka, Kiyoshi; Nishitani, Motohiro; Yoshinaga, Nobuharu

1998-11-01

26

Delphi Survey of Clinical Nursing Research Priorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

A nationwide survey was conducted in the spring of 1974 to identify priorities for clinical nursing research. The Delphi technique was employed to solicit and combine the opinions of a group of experts. It involves the use of a series of questionnaires in...

C. A. Lindeman

1974-01-01

27

Reported functional impairments of electrohypersensitive Japanese: A questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An increasing number of people worldwide complain that they have become electromagnetic hypersensitive (EHS). We conducted a questionnaire survey of EHS persons in Japan. The aim was to identify electromagnetic fields (EMF) and plausible EMF sources that caused their symptoms. Postal questionnaires were distributed via a self-help group, and 75 participants (95% women) responded. Reported major complaints were "fatigue/tiredness" (85%), "headache", "concentration, memory, and thinking" difficulty (81%, respectively). Seventy-two per cent used some form of complementary/alternative therapy. The most plausible trigger of EHS onset was a mobile phone base station or personal handy-phone system (37%). Sixty-five percent experienced health problems to be due to the radiation from other passengers' mobile phones in trains or buses, and 12% reported that they could not use public transportation at all. Fifty-three percent had a job before the onset, but most had lost their work and/or experienced a decrease in income. Moreover, 85.3% had to take measures to protect themselves from EMF, such as moving to low EMF areas, or buying low EMF electric appliances. EHS persons were suffering not only from their symptoms, but also from economical and social problems.

Kato Y; Johansson O

2012-04-01

28

Current status of memorial services for laboratory animals in Japan: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, we found that almost all institutions conducting animal experiments, such as universities, corporations, and research laboratories, also conducted memorial services for the animals sacrificed during animal experimentation. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 120 institutions. A total of 83 (69.1%) valid responses were obtained from the participating institutions. Memorial services were held at 79 institutions (95.1%). Memorial services for laboratory animals have been mainly conducted to show appreciation, comfort the spirit, and console the souls.

Nishikawa T; Morishita N

2012-01-01

29

Diabetes experts' reasoning about diabetes prevention studies: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Presentation of results of diabetes prevention studies as relative risk reductions and the use of diagnostic categories instead of metabolic parameters leads to overestimation of effects on diabetes risk. This survey examines to what extent overestimation of diabetes prevention is related to overestimation of prevention of late complications. Methods Participants of two postgraduate courses in clinical diabetology in Austria (n = 69) and Germany (n = 31) were presented a questionnaire with 8 items at the beginning of the meetings. All 100 questionnaires were returned with 92 filled in completely. Participants were asked 1) to rate the importance of differently framed results of prevention studies and, for comparison, of the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS), 2) to estimate to what extent late complications could be prevented by the achieved reductions in diabetes risk or HbA1c values, respectively. Results Prevention of diabetes by 60% was considered important by 84% of participants and 35% thought that complications could be prevented by ? 55%. However, if corresponding HbA1c values were presented (6.0% versus 6.1%) only 19% rated this effect important, and 12% thought that late complications could be prevented by ? 55%. The difference in HbA1c of 0.9% over 10 years in the UKPDS was considered important by 75% of participants and 16% thought that complications ('any diabetes related endpoint') were reduced by ? 55% (correct answer Conclusion The novel key message of this study is that the misleading reporting of diabetes prevention studies results in overestimation of effects on late complications.

Mühlhauser Ingrid

2008-01-01

30

Human suffering effects of nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Established on the basis of questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of the present paper is to explore the effects of radiation exposure on the inhabitants near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS), Kazakhstan. Our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started in 2002 to conduct a field research study using questionnaire surveys. The present paper attempts to clarify health effects and mental problems on the inhabitants by using our questionnaire surveys. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses upon responses to the questions concerning their health and mental problems. The data in Semipalatinsk have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey conducted by Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities. The results show: 33% of the residents replied that they felt bad or had very bad health conditions. 70% of the residents strongly recognized a causal relationship between their bad health conditions and the nuclear tests. The diseases that over 30% of respondents possessed are arthralgia/lower back pain/arthritis, high-blood pressure, heart disease and digestive system disease. Acute radiation injuries from 1949 to 1962 that over 20% of respondents experienced were headaches and general malaise. Concerning their mental condition, 22% of respondents felt easily frustrated and agitated and 21% experienced nightmare. (author)

2006-01-01

31

EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS AND KNOWLEDGE AMONGST PHYSICIANS: A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: All sciences share a common underlying epistemological domain, which gives grounds to and characterizes their nature and actions. Insofar as physicians depend on scientific knowledge, it would be helpful to assess their knowledge regarding some theoretical foundations of science. Objectives: 1.To assess resident physicians' knowledge of concepts and principles underlying all sciences. 2. To determine, to what extent physicians' epistemological beliefs and attitudes are compatible with the scientific paradigm. Design: A questionnaire was administered to 161 resident physicians at three hospitals in Lima, Peru. Results: 237 resident physicians were selected, 161 (68%) of whom agreed to answer the survey. 67% of respondents indicated they did not know what epistemology is, 21% were able to correctly define epistemology; 24% of the residents knew the appropriate definition of scientific theory. No respondents knew the philosophical presumptions of science; and 48% took a relativistic stand towards knowledge. Conclusions: There appear to be deficiencies in the knowledge of scientific theoretical foundations among physicians.

Dr. Adolfo Peña.

2002-01-01

32

Treatment of Anaphylaxis in Adults: A Questionnaire Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To identify the medications that medical students, interns and casualty medical officers are likely to prescribe when treating an adult patient with anaphylaxis, and to ascertain the dose and route of administration of adrenaline they would use. Design: A questionnaire study survey. Setting: Kasturba medical college hospital, Manipal (Udupi District) and public health centers of Udupi district, Karnataka. Subjects: Data collected from 39 second year medical students, 35 interns and 35 casualty medical officers. Main outcome measure: To determine the percentage of use of adrenaline for the treatment of anaphylaxis in the correct dose, strength and route. Results: Majority (73 .3%) of participants correctly opted to use adrenaline. Only 9 participants have written the correct dose, route and concentration of adrenaline. 41.28% and 66.05% participants preferred to use antihistamines and corticosteroids respectively. Conclusion: This study has shown that confusion exists regarding the correct route of administration and dose of adrenaline to be used when treating anaphylaxis. This confusion applied to medical students, interns and medical officers. Therefore doctors must be made aware of the guidelines to treat anaphylaxis effectively

Shalini Adiga; Veena Nayak; K.L Bairy

2009-01-01

33

Marketing Research Using Online Surveys  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article, quality criteria for electronic survey design and use based on an investigation of recent electronic survey literature are presented. The results show that a hard-to-reach audience can be reached using the quality criteria that are most important for reaching these types of audiences. It is presented one online questionnaire for the academic staff community at Transilvania university of Brasov, Romania. The Limerik one was tested.

Landoy A.; Repanovici A.

2009-01-01

34

Percutaneous injuries amongst Greek endodontists: a national questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To investigate amongst Greek endodontists the incidence of percutaneous injuries, the circumstances associated with them, the therapeutic measures taken after the injuries and their compliance with infection control measures. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty-seven endodontists met the inclusion criteria and were invited to participate in the survey. Personal and professional data, information on percutaneous injuries in the past 5 years and on infection control practices were gathered through interviews based on a questionnaire. Data were analysed using chi-square test, independent samples t-test, one-way anova and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The level of significance was set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: The response rate was 84%. The injury rate was estimated at 1.35 per endodontist per year. Endodontic files were associated with 37% of the injuries and fingers were injured in 75% of the most recent cases. Medical assistance was sought in 36% of the most recent injuries. Endodontists who always or usually practiced 4-handed endodontics (P = 0.007) as well as those not performing surgical endodontics (P = 0.007) reported significantly fewer injuries. In 91% of the participants, a complete hepatitis B virus vaccination was reported. Gloves, masks, rubber dam isolation and puncture-resistant containers for disposal of sharp instruments were always used by 98%, 94%, 100% and 81% of the respondents, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The injury rate was low. The practice of four-handed endodontics was associated with a reduced number of percutaneous injuries; the performance of surgical endodontics increased their incidence. Greek endodontists showed a high level of compliance with infection control measures.

Zarra T; Lambrianidis T

2013-03-01

35

Occupational ocular accidents amongst Greek endodontists: a national questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To investigate amongst Greek endodontists, the incidence of ocular accidents during practice, the circumstances associated with them, the therapeutic measures taken after the accidents, their compliance with the use of eye protection and their eye care behaviour. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty-seven endodontists met the inclusion criteria and were invited to participate in the survey. Data were gathered through interviews based on a questionnaire. Participants were asked for personal/professional data, information on ocular accidents in the past 5 years, post-accident actions and the type of eye protection used. Their eyesight status and frequency of ocular examination were also recorded. Data were analysed using chi-square test, independent samples t-test and logistic regression. The level of significance was set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: The response rate was 84%. Ocular accidents were reported by 73% of the participants. Amalgam and NaOCl were the foreign bodies most frequently associated with ocular accidents. Medical assistance was sought in 16% of the most recent accidents. No permanent eye damage was reported. Regular use of magnification (OR:0.305, 95%CI:0.123-0.754) and years of clinical experience (OR:0.191, 95%CI:0.066-0.551) were significant predictors for the incidence of ocular accidents. Adequate eye protection was utilized by 82% of endodontists. Endodontists with eyesight deficiencies attended more frequently for ocular examination (P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: A high percentage of endodontists experienced ocular accidents. Regular use of magnification and increasing years in practice were associated with a reduced risk of ocular accidents. The majority of endodontists reported using adequate eye protection.

Zarra T; Lambrianidis T

2013-08-01

36

DRUG SERVICE RESEARCH SURVEY (DSRS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS) is a national survey which obtained information on drug treatment providers and clients in 1990. The survey consisted of several components, a facility-based telephone interview with a sample of 1,183 drug treatment providers followed by a...

37

[Questionnaire survey on the effectiveness of health resort treatment of patients with occupational respiratory tract diseases  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The survey was carried out in 806 patients affected with different pneumoconioses or chronic respiratory system diseases treated at the Scientific Research Centre of Occupational Respiratory System Diseases at Szczawno-Zdrój. Tabular specification of individual questionnaires results showed the usefulness of such studies for evaluation of balneotherapy effect and length of period of improvement. Better results of treatment were found in less advanced forms of pneumoconioses and other chronic respiratory system diseases. Repeated treatment has lengthened the period of improvement. In elder patients, an evident subjective improvement is to be noticed which seems to be also an indication for spa treatment.

Zahorski W

1983-01-01

38

Researches regarding a constructing problem of a PV system. Part 1. Conscious investigation by means of a questionnaire survey; Taiyoko hatsuden system ni okeru kenchikuteki shomondai no kenkyu. 1. Anketo chosa ni yoru ishiki chosa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The installation and introduction of photovoltaic power generation systems (PVS) in buildings are growingly expected in the construction field from now, coupled with the marketing of a solar cell module as a product for a construction material in the form of an external wall or a roof material for example. For this purpose, it is necessary at first to summarize problems that may arise at the time of or after the installation of PVS as a product. This paper examines an opinion poll, degree of recognition, current problems, etc., of PVS as a result of a questionnaire survey given to engineers and architects engaged in the actual construction business. The degree of recognition and interest was very high. Consultation or request for PVS installation was much more than predicted in numbers. Roughly 50% of the respondents reacted positively for the future installation request of PVS and, combined with the respondents who answered to look into the installation tentatively, not less than 90% were of a forward-looking opinion. The 85% of the respondents was not aware of the monitor business system for residential PVS. Further, the survey clearly brought out the importance of cost problems. 1 ref., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Nakajima, Y.; Yamazaki, R.; Kuroki, T. [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

1996-10-27

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Application of annotated paraconsistent logic to surveys conducted of self-administered questionnaires containing redundant questions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Opinion polls and evaluation questionnaires are routinely applied as a means to gauge the most diversetopics and often result inconsistent, mainly because, as they are directed to the public in general and not for specialistsonly, they must perforce employ quite straightforward, easy to understand, questions, which are vague by their ownnature and allow too much for interpretation (i. e. present much cognitive imprecision) on the part of the surveyee.Design/methodology/approach: On one hand, they are cheap to conduct, and are the most widely known andaccepted way to measure all kinds of otherwise intangible things as preference, satisfaction and happiness. Onthe other hand, it is well established that the wording of the questions, the order in which they are asked and thenumber and form of alternative answers offered can influence results of such surveys, so much that, on someissues, question wording can result in quite pronounced differences between surveys.Findings: This problem has been recognized almost from the time the questionnaire was invented by Sir FrancisGalton (in the first decade of the 20th century), and numerous processes and techniques have been developedsince then, always aiming at achieving more reproductible results and eliminating all kinds of biases.Research limitations/implications: In the present communcation we envision a novel survey instrument, designedto be analyzed by means of annotated paraconsistent logic techniques, which allows for both the detection ofcontradictions and inconsistencies on the part of the respondent, as well as for the continuous improvement of theadequacy of the instrument in itself. We also present, as a proof-of-concept, the application of the said methodologyto two car dealer customer satisfaction evaluation surveys, and an in-depth analysis of the results it has yielded.Originality/value: In the present communication, previously applied questionnaires, designed to gauge cardealer customer satisfaction, both on new vehicle acquisition and on servicing, are analyzed by means of thisnovel method.

O.T. Ito; J.S.P. Redda; A.R.P.L. Albuquerque; I.P. de Arruda Campos

2008-01-01

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Comparing two safety culture surveys: safety attitudes questionnaire and hospital survey on patient safety.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and predictive validity of two patient safety culture surveys-Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS)-when administered to the same participants. Also to determine the ability to convert HSOPS scores to SAQ scores. METHOD: Employees working in intensive care units in 12 hospitals within a large hospital system in the southern United States were invited to anonymously complete both safety culture surveys electronically. RESULTS: All safety culture dimensions from both surveys (with the exception of HSOPS's Staffing) had adequate levels of reliability. Three of HSOPS's outcomes-frequency of event reporting, overall perceptions of patient safety, and overall patient safety grade-were significantly correlated with SAQ and HSOPS dimensions of culture at the individual level, with correlations ranging from r=0.41 to 0.65 for the SAQ dimensions and from r=0.22 to 0.72 for the HSOPS dimensions. Neither the SAQ dimensions nor the HSOPS dimensions predicted the fourth HSOPS outcome-number of events reported within the last 12 months. Regression analyses indicated that HSOPS safety culture dimensions were the best predictors of frequency of event reporting and overall perceptions of patient safety while SAQ and HSOPS dimensions both predicted patient safety grade. Unit-level analyses were not conducted because indices did not indicate that aggregation was appropriate. Scores were converted between the surveys, although much variance remained unexplained. CONCLUSIONS: Given that the SAQ and HSOPS had similar reliability and predictive validity, investigators and quality and safety leaders should consider survey length, content, sensitivity to change and the ability to benchmark when selecting a patient safety culture survey.

Etchegaray JM; Thomas EJ

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
41

Determinants of moral distress in daily nursing practice: a cross sectional correlational questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Moral distress is associated with job dissatisfaction, turnover and early retirement. Because of these negative consequences moral distress should be reduced. Little research has been done on what job factors contribute to whether or not a situation causes moral distress. OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and job characteristics associated with moral distress in nursing staff. DESIGN: This is a cross sectional correlational study. Nursing staff members completed two survey questionnaires with a time-interval of 3 months. In the first survey questions were asked about job characteristics and job satisfaction. Three months afterwards the respondents answered questions on moral distress. PARTICIPANTS: 365 nursing staff members employed in nursing homes, homes for the elderly, home care and acute care hospitals completed both questionnaires. RESULTS: High moral distress levels were related to lower job satisfaction. Moral distress is higher when nurses perceive less time available to give care to patients. If satisfaction with the consultation possibilities within the team is low and when an instrumental leadership style exists, nursing staff members are also more likely to experience moral distress. Nursing staff members working 30-40h per week experience less moral distress than colleagues working fewer hours per week. Multivariate analyses showed no relations with other individual characteristics measured. CONCLUSION: Job characteristics that contribute to moral distress should be an issue for managers because it is related to job satisfaction. Interventions to reduce moral distress should target at organisational issues. The way a team is supported can raise or decrease moral distress levels.

de Veer AJ; Francke AL; Struijs A; Willems DL

2013-01-01

42

Advanced commercial survey methods (COMSURV). Volume 1. Demonstration of tailored versus general questionnaires. Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses the results of a demonstration to assess the effects of questionnaire design on response rates, data quality, and general questionnaire performance in commercial sector surveys. With the cooperation of the Virginia Power Company (VEPCO), the concept of tailoring the questionnaire to specific types of commercial establishments was tested in a survey of food stores and office buildings. Tailoring involves the use of trade-specific language, questions about specialized equipment, and special instructions. One result of this study was the demonstration that it is possible to collect detailed trade-specific information with a tailored mail survey instrument. It was also expected that tailoring would improve both overall response rates and question-specific response rates, but this does not appear to be the case. In fact, the results indicate that tailored questionnaires may decrease overall response rates since misclassified units are less likely to respond. In view of this, some guidelines for the use of tailored survey instruments are presented. This report also contains numerous comparisons of the VEPCO survey results with results from the Nonresidential Building Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS). The comparisons reveal that the mail survey technique did provide estimates which compared reasonably with larger-scale on-site surveys.

McCarthy, P.M.; Bernstein, H.M.

1986-03-01

43

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 1998 Cohort: Wave 12 (2009)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 58A  

Science.gov (United States)

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 1998 cohort Wave 12 (2009) data set. [For the accompanying frequency tables, "Longitudinal Surveys of…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

2010-01-01

44

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY): 2006 Cohort Wave 4 (2009)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 56A  

Science.gov (United States)

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 2006 cohort Wave 4 (2009) data set. [For the "Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY): 2006…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

2010-01-01

45

Validation of the UFS-QOL-hysterectomy questionnaire: modifying an existing measure for comparative effectiveness research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) questionnaire, a validated patient-reported outcome measure of fibroid symptoms and health-related quality of life, was modified for use posthysterectomy. This study was conducted to psychometrically validate the UFS-QOL-Hysterectomy questionnaire for potential use in comparative effectiveness research to evaluate uterine fibroid treatments. METHODS: This multicenter prospective study enrolled premenopausal women aged 30 to 50 years with uterine fibroids who were scheduled for hysterectomy, myomectomy, or uterine fibroid embolization. All participants completed the UFS-QOL questionnaire and short form 36 health survey at baseline prior to treatment and 6 and 12 months postprocedure. Women with hysterectomy completed the UFS-QOL-Hysterectomy questionnaire during follow-up visits. Internal consistency reliability, discriminant and concurrent validity, and responsiveness were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 274 women were enrolled (107 uterine fibroid embolization, 61 myomectomy, and 106 hysterectomy) and 89 (83%), 55 (90%), and 91 (86%), respectively, completed the 12-month follow-up. The mean age was 43.2 (uterine fibroid embolization), 40.6 (myomectomy), and 44.5 (hysterectomy) years; 53%, 43%, and 37%, respectively, were black. Cronbach's alphas for the UFS-QOL-Hysterectomy questionnaire at 6 months ranged from 0.70 to 0.96 and from 0.66 to 0.95 at 12 months. Effect sizes ranged from 1.23 to 2.55, indicating that the UFS-QOL-Hysterectomy questionnaire was highly responsive. CONCLUSIONS: The UFS-QOL-Hysterectomy questionnaire is a valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measure of uterine fibroid treatment with hysterectomy and can be used in conjunction with the UFS-QOL questionnaire to compare patient-reported outcomes across treatments.

Coyne KS; Margolis MK; Murphy J; Spies J

2012-07-01

46

Application of cognitive interviewing to improve self-administered questionnaires used in small scale social pharmacy research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Validating questionnaires for social pharmacy research with smaller sample sizes can be unnecessarily time-consuming and costly, a solution to this is cognitive interviewing with 2 interviews per iteration. This paper shows how cognitive interviewing with pairs of interviews per iteration of the questionnaire can be used to identify overt and covert issues with comprehension, retrieval, judgment and response experienced by respondents when attempting to answer a question or navigate around the questionnaire. When used during questionnaire development in small scale social pharmacy research studies cognitive interviewing can reduce both respondent burden and response error and should result in more reliable survey results. The process of cognitive interviewing is illustrated by a case study from the development of the Perspectives on Progesterone questionnaire.

Spark MJ; Willis J

2013-07-01

47

Web Mining Research A Survey  

CERN Multimedia

With the huge amount of information available online, the World Wide Web is a fertile area for data mining research. The Web mining research is at the cross road of research from several research communities, such as database, information retrieval, and within AI, especially the sub-areas of machine learning and natural language processing. However, there is a lot of confusions when comparing research efforts from different point of views. In this paper, we survey the research in the area of Web mining, point out some confusions regarded the usage of the term Web mining and suggest three Web mining categories. Then we situate some of the research with respect to these three categories. We also explore the connection between the Web mining categories and the related agent paradigm. For the survey, we focus on representation issues, on the process, on the learning algorithm, and on the application of the recent works as the criteria. We conclude the paper with some research issues.

Kosala, R; Kosala, Raymond; Blockeel, Hendrik

2000-01-01

48

Methodological issues in the use of survey questionnaires to assess the health effects of torture.  

Science.gov (United States)

It has become increasingly important to identify torture survivors among subgroups of the American population and to assess the continuing health effects of torture experience. To determine whether survey questionnaires can be effectively used to make such assessments, we reviewed the recent literature on refugee health, on the measurement and treatment of trauma, and in the related areas of survey methodology and cognitive psychology. We conclude that, if properly conducted, the survey approach represents an effective method, and we propose specific recommendations concerning procedures that may be used in surveys of torture survivors to maximize study validity. PMID:9612445

Willis, G B; Gonzalez, A

1998-05-01

49

Methodological issues in the use of survey questionnaires to assess the health effects of torture.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It has become increasingly important to identify torture survivors among subgroups of the American population and to assess the continuing health effects of torture experience. To determine whether survey questionnaires can be effectively used to make such assessments, we reviewed the recent literature on refugee health, on the measurement and treatment of trauma, and in the related areas of survey methodology and cognitive psychology. We conclude that, if properly conducted, the survey approach represents an effective method, and we propose specific recommendations concerning procedures that may be used in surveys of torture survivors to maximize study validity.

Willis GB; Gonzalez A

1998-05-01

50

Pain in the elderly and awareness of complementary therapies: a questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pain in the Elderly amounts to one of the most prominent parameters that affect deterioration in their quality of life. About 60-71% of community based elderly report presence of pain, and 33% of them report daily persistent pain. Published research results indicate that complementary therapies reinforce the analgesic effect of medication either directly by their analgesic action, or indirectly by reduction of tension and stress, endorphin production, increase of blood flow and mobility. The survey object was to investigate the degree of awareness among the elderly, of complementary therapies, particularly of those who experience pain and are 65 or over. Sample and methodology: The survey population consisted of 100 people - members of KAPI in Athens and Thessaloniki. Data collection was based on an interviewing schedule and questionnaire completion by two different groups of 50 people each. As far as methodology was concerned the sample was selected according to availability and willingness to participate. Results indicate the following: 66% of the total sample report that they would use some complementary therapy for pain relief. Another 72% of the total sample (i.e. 2/3), report that they require more information on complementary therapies. Conclusion: Elderly people are interested in complementary therapies as alternative methods of pain management. Furthermore, should they have access to more information on this subject they would use them more frequently.

Alexandra Mantoudi; Eleni Eftihidou

2012-01-01

51

British Antarctic Survey: BAS Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This site describes the research initiatives, focus, and funding of the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). The research section describes BAS programs by topic (climate change, geology, biodiversity, evolution, etc.) and by individual project. The section features a document discussing the Antarctic Science in the Global Context (ASGC) program, older research that was performed between 2000 and 2005. There is also a position statement on climate change, as seen by BAS in their work in Antartica, information on funding opportunities, and information on research collaborations. The data and collections page provides information on obtaining BAS datasets on the atmosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, land surface, oceans, and others; information on physical collections of plants and invertebrates; a gazetteer of Antarctic names and places; and links to regional and geoscience maps produced by Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) member countries.

52

A quick guide to survey research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Questionnaires are a very useful survey tool that allow large populations to be assessed with relative ease. Despite a widespread perception that surveys are easy to conduct, in order to yield meaningful results, a survey needs extensive planning, time and effort. In this article, we aim to cover the main aspects of designing, implementing and analysing a survey as well as focusing on techniques that would improve response rates.

Jones TL; Baxter MA; Khanduja V

2013-01-01

53

Research Engagement and Attitudes to Teaching Research to Healthcare Students: A Questionnaire Study of Healthcare Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

The evidence-based practice agenda in many healthcare professions has increased the importance of teaching research skills to students in these professions. However, concern exists that many healthcare educators may be reluctant to teach research. This study investigated potential barriers to their adoption of this role. A questionnaire was…

Ning, Mair; Murphy, Philip; Jinks, Annette Mary

2010-01-01

54

Survey Practices in Dental Education Research.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of mailed questionnaires in research on dental education is examined, and several factors that researchers should consider when reporting mailed questionnaire research to journal editors are identified. Examples from the "Journal of Dental Education" are used. (Author/MLW)

Creswell, John W.; Kuster, Curtis G.

1983-01-01

55

Demystifying Survey Research: Practical Suggestions for Effective Question Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ? Recent research has yielded several studies helpful for understanding the use of the survey technique in various library environments. Despite this, there has been limited discussion to guide library practitioners preparing survey questions. The aim of this article is to provide practical suggestions for effective questions when designing written surveys.Methods ? Advice and important considerations to help guide the process of developing survey questions are drawn from a review of the literature and personal experience.Results ? Basic techniques can be incorporated to improve survey questions, such as choosing appropriate question forms and incorporating the use of scales. Attention should be paid to the flow and ordering of the survey questions. Careful wording choices can also help construct clear, simple questions. Conclusion ? A well?designed survey questionnaire can be a valuable source of data. By following some basic guidelines when constructing written survey questions, library and information professionals can have useful data collection instruments at their disposal.

Deborah H. Charbonneau

2007-01-01

56

Properties of a short questionnaire for assessing Primary Care experiences for children in a population survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) is an interesting set of tools for primary care research. A very short version could inform policy makers about consumer experiences with primary care (PC) through health surveys. This work aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of a selection of items from the child short edition (CS) of the PCAT. Methods A 24 item questionnaire permitted the identification of a regular source of care and the assessment of the key attributes of first contact, ongoing care over time, coordination, services available and services received (comprehensiveness), and cultural competence. Structural validity, reliability, and construct validity were assessed using responses from 2,200 parents of a representative sample of the population aged 0 to 14 years in Catalonia (Spain) who participated in the 2006 Health Survey. Structural validity was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Construct validity was assessed using linear regression analysis between PC experience scores and a measure of overall user satisfaction with healthcare services. Results A total of 2,095 (95.2%) parents provided useable responses on PC. After Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), the best fitting model was a 5-factor model in which the original dimensions of first contact and ongoing care were collapsed into one. The CFA also showed a second order factor onto which all domains except services available loaded (root mean square error of approximation = 0.000; comparative fit index = 1.00). Cronbach's alpha values for one of the original scales (first-contact) was poor (alpha 0.70). Scores on the scales were correlated with satisfaction with healthcare services (p Conclusions This very short questionnaire obtained from the PCAT-CE yields information about five attributes of PC and a summary score. It has shown evidence of validity and reliability for judgments about experiences with primary care overall. If space on surveys is at a premium, the instrument could be useful as a measure of PC experiences.

Berra Silvina; Rocha Kátia B; Rodríguez-Sanz Maica; Pasarín M Isabel; Rajmil Luis; Borrell Carme; Starfield Barbara

2011-01-01

57

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a research note.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A novel behavioural screening questionnaire, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), was administered along with Rutter questionnaires to parents and teachers of 403 children drawn from dental and psychiatric clinics. Scores derived from the SDQ and Rutter questionnaires were highly correlated; parent-teacher correlations for the two sets of measures were comparable or favoured the SDQ. The two sets of measures did not differ in their ability to discriminate between psychiatric and dental clinic attenders. These preliminary findings suggest that the SDQ functions as well as the Rutter questionnaires while offering the following additional advantages: a focus on strengths as well as difficulties; better coverage of inattention, peer relationships, and prosocial behaviour; a shorter format; and a single form suitable for both parents and teachers, perhaps thereby increasing parent-teacher correlations.

Goodman R

1997-07-01

58

The Generic Short Patient Experiences Questionnaire (GS-PEQ): identification of core items from a survey in Norway  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Questionnaires are commonly used to collect patient, or user, experiences with health care encounters; however, their adaption to specific target groups limits comparison between groups. We present the construction of a generic questionnaire (maximum of ten questions) for user evaluation across a range of health care services. Methods Based on previous testing of six group-specific questionnaires, we first constructed a generic questionnaire with 23 items related to user experiences. All questions included a "not applicable" response option, as well as a follow-up question about the item's importance. Nine user groups from one health trust were surveyed. Seven groups received questionnaires by mail and two by personal distribution. Selection of core questions was based on three criteria: applicability (proportion "not applicable"), importance (mean scores on follow-up questions), and comprehensiveness (content coverage, maximum two items per dimension). Results 1324 questionnaires were returned providing subsample sizes ranging from 52 to 323. Ten questions were excluded because the proportion of "not applicable" responses exceeded 20% in at least one user group. The number of remaining items was reduced to ten by applying the two other criteria. The final short questionnaire included items on outcome (2), clinician services (2), user involvement (2), incorrect treatment (1), information (1), organisation (1), and accessibility (1). Conclusion The Generic Short Patient Experiences Questionnaire (GS-PEQ) is a short, generic set of questions on user experiences with specialist health care that covers important topics for a range of groups. It can be used alone or with other instruments in quality assessment or in research. The psychometric properties and the relevance of the GS-PEQ in other health care settings and countries need further evaluation.

Sjetne Ingeborg; Bjertnaes Oyvind A; Olsen Rolf; Iversen Hilde; Bukholm Geir

2011-01-01

59

The Generic Short Patient Experiences Questionnaire (GS-PEQ): identification of core items from a survey in Norway.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Questionnaires are commonly used to collect patient, or user, experiences with health care encounters; however, their adaptation to specific target groups limits comparison between groups. We present the construction of a generic questionnaire (maximum of ten questions) for user evaluation across a range of health care services. METHODS: Based on previous testing of six group-specific questionnaires, we first constructed a generic questionnaire with 23 items related to user experiences. All questions included a "not applicable" response option, as well as a follow-up question about the item's importance. Nine user groups from one health trust were surveyed. Seven groups received questionnaires by mail and two by personal distribution. Selection of core questions was based on three criteria: applicability (proportion "not applicable"), importance (mean scores on follow-up questions), and comprehensiveness (content coverage, maximum two items per dimension). RESULTS: 1324 questionnaires were returned providing subsample sizes ranging from 52 to 323. Ten questions were excluded because the proportion of "not applicable" responses exceeded 20% in at least one user group. The number of remaining items was reduced to ten by applying the two other criteria. The final short questionnaire included items on outcome (2), clinician services (2), user involvement (2), incorrect treatment (1), information (1), organisation (1), and accessibility (1). CONCLUSION: The Generic Short Patient Experiences Questionnaire (GS-PEQ) is a short, generic set of questions on user experiences with specialist health care that covers important topics for a range of groups. It can be used alone or with other instruments in quality assessment or in research. The psychometric properties and the relevance of the GS-PEQ in other health care settings and countries need further evaluation.

Sjetne IS; Bjertnaes OA; Olsen RV; Iversen HH; Bukholm G

2011-01-01

60

Nursing students' behavioral intention to use online courses: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The development of network communication science and technology has accorded a special benefit to learning. Online courses have also become the most popular and important learning resource among students. OBJECTIVES: Overall, this research aims to explore what are the important factors making students use online courses. DESIGN: The research combines the technology acceptance model and the innovation diffusion theory, and adds four research variables, computer anxiety, computer self-efficacy, perceived financial cost and perceived information quality to propose a new hybrid technology acceptance model to study students' behavioral intention to use online courses. SETTINGS: Based on 228 questionnaires collected from nursing students in Taiwan. METHODS: The structural equation modeling technique was used to evaluate the causal model and confirmatory factor analysis was performed to examine the reliability and validity of the measurement model. PARTICIPANTS: The survey began with e-mail and telephone interviews in January 2006. The interviewees were 348 students of Taiwan's universities. Because some of the replying subjects have never taken those courses and some did not complete the questionnaires, there were 228 valid questionnaires from students of Taiwan's universities who have taken online courses. The responding rate was 65.52%. RESULTS: This research found that computer anxiety had a negative effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=-0.21, P<0.01). Computer self-efficacy had a positive effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=0.37, P<0.01). Compatibility had a positive effect on both the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=0.18, P<0.01) and perceived usefulness (gamma=0.3, P<0.01). Perceived usefulness had a positive effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses (beta=0.14, P<0.05). Perceived ease of use had a positive effect on perceived usefulness (gamma=0.23, P<0.01), the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=0.24, P<0.01). Perceived financial cost had a negative effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=-0.16, P<0.01). Perceived information quality had a positive effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses (gamma=0.11, P<0.05). The findings of this research help to develop more user friendly online courses for students. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Computer anxiety, computer self-efficacy, compatibility, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived financial cost, and perceived information quality were the critical factors that impacted on students' behavioral intention to use online courses. (2) Computer anxiety and perceived financial cost had a negative effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses. (3) The present study added four new research constructs (computer anxiety, computer self-efficacy, perceived financial cost, and perceived information quality) to the research model so that it would be more complete; this improved the fit of the whole model. (4) Computer self-efficacy, compatibility, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and perceived information quality had a positive effect on the behavioral intention to use online courses. By explaining students' behavioral intention from a user's perspective, the findings of this research help to provide insight into the best way to promote new e-learning tools for students.

Tung FC; Chang SC

2008-09-01

 
 
 
 
61

The working lives of nurse teachers in mainland China and the United Kingdom: A questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nurse education has undergone considerable changes creating new opportunities and challenges for nurse teachers. Limited comparative research of the working lives of nurse teachers has been reported, thus similarities and differences that may exist are unidentified. AIM: This paper reports a study of the working lives of nurse teachers in mainland China and the United Kingdom. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. PARTICIPANTS: Census sample of nurse teachers working in four nursing schools in mainland China (n=3) and the United Kingdom (n=1). The overall response rate was 56.8% (China=61, 61.0%, UK=60, 53.1%). METHODS: Completion of questionnaire specifically developed for the study but comprising six validated tools to collecting data on: job satisfaction, sense of coherence, role conflict and role ambiguity, work empowerment and professional identification. Data on self-reported roles and personal details were also collected. Data were collected between September 2008 and January 2009. RESULTS: Both samples were satisfied with their jobs overall but reported low levels of satisfaction with promotion. Chinese nurse teachers working full-time reported the lowest level for sense of coherence and professional identification. Nurse teachers working full-time in the United Kingdom reported the highest role conflict score. Sense of coherence and work empowerment were significantly and positively correlated to job satisfaction. Role conflict and role ambiguity were negatively correlated (but not always significantly) to job satisfaction and its facets. For respondents in mainland China, professional identification was significantly and positively correlated with overall job satisfaction and its facets. CONCLUSIONS: Strategies to improve job satisfaction with promotion opportunities for both samples are indicated. Respondents working full-time in both mainland China and the United Kingdom experienced greater challenges at work than their part-time colleagues.

Gui L; Gu S; Barriball KL; While AE; Chen G

2013-08-01

62

Job satisfaction and intention to leave: a questionnaire survey of hospital nurses in Shanghai of China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To explore nurses' views and experiences regarding job satisfaction and their intention to leave in Shanghai. BACKGROUND: The widespread nursing shortage and nurses' high turnover rate has become a global issue. Job satisfaction is the most consistent predictor of nurses' intention to leave and has been reported as explaining most of the variance on their intention to leave. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A convenience sample of nurses was recruited from 19 large general hospitals in Shanghai and the research assistants distributed 2850 questionnaires to nurses. The response rate of this study was 78·95%, and 2250 nurses completed the questionnaire. RESULTS: Regarding the overall job satisfaction, 50·2% nurses were dissatisfied and 40·4% nurses reported that they had intention to leave the current employment. Respondents' characteristics had an impact on job satisfaction and their intention to leave. The results showed that age, marital status, work experience, overall job satisfaction, job satisfaction: extrinsic rewards, interaction, praise/recognition and control/responsibility were significant factors contributing to nurses' intention to leave. CONCLUSIONS: The finding may be a cause of concern for hospital management and highlights the importance of the two concepts (job satisfaction and intention to leave) in Shanghai. Innovative and adaptable managerial interventions need to be taken to improve nurses' job satisfaction and to strengthen their intention to stay. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Our findings outline some issues contributing to these problems and provide nurse administrators with information regarding specific influences on nurses' job satisfaction and intention to leave in Shanghai and innovative and adaptable managerial interventions that are needed. Our findings may also provide direction for nurse managers and healthcare management to implement strategies to improve nurses' job satisfaction and their intention to stay.

Liu C; Zhang L; Ye W; Zhu J; Cao J; Lu X; Li F

2012-01-01

63

A questionnaire survey of quality assurance (QA) for an external radiotherapy facility in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A nationwide survey was performed to investigate quality assurance (QA) for photon external radiotherapy. It was carried out by mailing questionnaires to 737 radiotherapy facilities. Six hundred and twenty eight questionnaires were returned, and 603 answers (including 38 answers from 60Co facilities) were available for analysis. At 565 X-ray treatment facilities, only 68 facilities (12%) treated more than 40 patients per day. The 356 facilities (63%) treated less than 20 patients per day. In this survey we examined following items: number of radiation oncologists and radiotherapy technologists (RTT) each facility, individuals responsible for QA, ratio of conducting periodic check for basic QA items, and ratio of verifying monitor unit (MU) calculation. This survey shows that QA is not satisfactory at most of Japanese radiotherapy facilities. (author)

2004-01-01

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Web-based versus traditional paper questionnaires: a mixed-mode survey with a nordic perspective.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Survey response rates have been declining over the past decade. The more widespread use of the Internet and Web-based technologies among potential health survey participants suggests that Web-based questionnaires may be an alternative to paper questionnaires in future epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare response rates in a population of parents by using 4 different modes of data collection for a questionnaire survey of which 1 involved a nonmonetary incentive. METHODS: A random sample of 3148 parents of Danish children aged 2-17 years were invited to participate in the Danish part of the NordChild 2011 survey on their children's health and welfare. NordChild was conducted in 1984 and 1996 in collaboration with Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden using mailed paper questionnaires only. In 2011, all countries used conventional paper versions only except Denmark where the parents were randomized into 4 groups: (1) 789 received a paper questionnaire only (paper), (2) 786 received the paper questionnaire and a log-in code to the Web-based questionnaire (paper/Web), (3) 787 received a log-in code to the Web-based questionnaire (Web), and (4) 786 received log-in details to the Web-based questionnaire and were given an incentive consisting of a chance to win a tablet computer (Web/tablet). In connection with the first reminder, the nonresponders in the paper, paper/Web, and Web groups were also present with the opportunity to win a tablet computer as a means of motivation. Descriptive analysis was performed using chi-square tests. Odds ratios were used to estimate differences in response rates between the 4 modes. RESULTS: In 2011, 1704 of 3148 (54.13%) respondents answered the Danish questionnaire. The highest response rate was with the paper mode (n=443, 56.2%). The other groups had similar response rates: paper/Web (n=422, 53.7%), Web (n=420, 53.4%), and Web/tablet (n=419, 53.3%) modes. Compared to the paper mode, the odds for response rate in the paper/Web decreased by 9% (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.74-1.10) and by 11% (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.73-1.09) in the Web and Web/tablet modes. The total number of responders for NordChild declined from 10,291 of 15,339 (67.09%) in 1984 and 10,667 of 15,254 (69.93%) in 1996 to 7805 of 15,945 (48.95%) in 2011 with similar declines in all 5 Nordic countries. CONCLUSIONS: Web-based questionnaires could replace traditional paper questionnaires with minor effects on response rates and lower costs. The increasing effect on the response rate on participants replying for a nonmonetary incentive could only be estimated within the 2 Web-based questionnaire modes before the first reminder. Alternative platforms to reach higher participation rates in population surveys should reflect the development of electronic devices and the ways in which the population primarily accesses the Internet.

Hohwü L; Lyshol H; Gissler M; Jonsson SH; Petzold M; Obel C

2013-01-01

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Surveillance of home environment in children with atopic dermatitis: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) suggests a role for environmental factors in triggering a genetic predisposition in sufferers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate home environmental factors related to AD severity. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey about the home environmental factors in 380 children from two daycare centers and the Samsung Medical Center outpatient clinic. AD was diagnosed by Hanifin and Rajka's criteria and its severity was assessed by the Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis index. Children were divided into normal control group, mild AD group and severe AD group. Home environmental factors were compared among the three groups and were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and multiple logistic analysis. RESULTS: Indoor remodeling activities, such as painting (p = 0.004), floor covering (p = 0.001) and wallpaper changing (p = 0.002) were associated with severity of AD. Those in the severe AD group were more likely to live in an apartment (p < 0.001). Severe AD was observed more frequently when the monthly income of household (p = 0.027) and final educational status of mother (p = 0.001) were higher. CONCLUSION: Some home environmental factors were associated with AD severity, but its causal relationship is not clear. Further research is needed to confirm these associations and to clarify whether they are causative.

Lee JH; Suh J; Kim EH; Cho JB; Park HY; Kim J; Ahn K; Cheong HK; Lee SI

2012-01-01

66

Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of determinants influencing the success of the introduction of new technologies as perceived by nursing staff. Methods The study population is a nationally representative research sample of nursing staff (further referred to as the Nursing Staff Panel), of whom 685 (67%) completed a survey questionnaire about their experiences with recently introduced technologies. Participants were working in Dutch hospitals, psychiatric organizations, care organizations for mentally disabled people, home care organizations, nursing homes or homes for the elderly. Results Half of the respondents were confronted with the introduction of a new technology in the last three years. Only half of these rated the introduction of the technology as positive. The factors most frequently mentioned as impeding actual use were related to the (kind of) technology itself, such as malfunctioning, ease of use, relevance for patients, and risks to patients. Furthermore nursing staff stress the importance of an adequate innovation strategy. Conclusions A prerequisite for the successful introduction of new technologies is to analyse determinants that may impede or enhance the introduction among potential users. For technological innovations special attention has to be paid to the (perceived) characteristics of the technology itself.

de Veer Anke JE; Fleuren Margot AH; Bekkema Nienke; Francke Anneke L

2011-01-01

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Report based on DT/7 questionnaire : Communication and preservation in academic research (An analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

DT/7-D4 is concerned with which types of communication within academic communities are essential viewed in respect of preservation. The central product is a presentation and an analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University.

SØrensen, Annette Balle; Kruse, Filip

2009-01-01

68

Report based on DT/7 questionnaire : Communication and preservation in academic research (An analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

DT/7-D4 is concerned with which types of communication within academic communities are essential viewed in respect of preservation. The central product is a presentation and an analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University.

Sørensen, Annette Balle; Kruse, Filip; Thøgersen, Jørn; Molloy, Laura; Pattenden-Fail, John W.; Ballaux, Bart

69

Methods for Decision-Making in Survey Questionnaires Based on Likert Scale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Opinion-based questionnaires on Likert scales are commonly used in assessing health care utilization, facilitating factors and barriers. There is a need to set up a cut-off point in them to arrive at a conclusion. It is also important to set up a cut-off point on overall items in Likert scale-based questionnaires used for assessing Knowledge, Attitude and Practice. In this article, we show how to formulate a tool for decision-making in survey questionnaires and readjust their cut-off points to incorporate the population variation for items containing ordinal variables. This method can be used for setting up a cut-off point to arrive at a diagnosis in a newly developed instrument with ordinal variables which does not have any gold-standard instrument for comparison.

Ankur Barua

2013-01-01

70

A randomized trial of mailed questionnaires versus telephone interviews: Response patterns in a survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Data for health surveys are often collected using either mailed questionnaires, telephone interviews or a combination. Mode of data collection can affect the propensity to refuse to respond and result in different patterns of responses. The objective of this paper is to examine and quantify effects of mode of data collection in health surveys. Methods A stratified sample of 4,000 adults residing in Denmark was randomised to mailed questionnaires or computer-assisted telephone interviews. 45 health-related items were analyzed; four concerning behaviour and 41 concerning self assessment. Odds ratios for more positive answers and more frequent use of extreme response categories (both positive and negative) among telephone respondents compared to questionnaire respondents were estimated. Tests were Bonferroni corrected. Results For the four health behaviour items there were no significant differences in the response patterns. For 32 of the 41 health self assessment items the response pattern was statistically significantly different and extreme response categories were used more frequently among telephone respondents (Median estimated odds ratio: 1.67). For a majority of these mode sensitive items (26/32), a more positive reporting was observed among telephone respondents (Median estimated odds ratio: 1.73). The overall response rate was similar among persons randomly assigned to questionnaires (58.1%) and to telephone interviews (56.2%). A differential nonresponse bias for age and gender was observed. The rate of missing responses was higher for questionnaires (0.73 – 6.00%) than for telephone interviews (0 – 0.51%). The "don't know" option was used more often by mail respondents (10 – 24%) than by telephone respondents (2 – 4%). Conclusion The mode of data collection affects the reporting of self assessed health items substantially. In epidemiological studies, the method effect may be as large as the effects under investigation. Caution is needed when comparing prevalences across surveys or when studying time trends.

Feveile Helene; Olsen Ole; Hogh Annie

2007-01-01

71

A standardised and validated patient survey in primary care: introducing the New Zealand General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (NZGPAQ).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To determine whether the New Zealand adaptation of the UK developed General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) is a valid and reliable indicator of the quality of care in general practice in New Zealand and what the survey can tell us about patient satisfaction with general practice. METHOD: The Health Services Consumer Research Ltd Primary Care Patient Survey database which presently contains data from 184 medical practices (549 GPs) and responses from 50,000 enrolled patients was examined to determine the validity and reliability of the survey instrument. Data was briefly analysed to ascertain how survey results can best be employed to improve the quality of primary care. RESULTS: A check on representativeness showed that older, female and European patients are over-represented. To determine validity and reliability, the "Cronbach alpha" statistic was calculated and shown to range between 0.85-0.96. Convergent validity was demonstrated by high correlations between items that measured closely related aspects of patient care. Discriminant validity was shown by very low correlations between variables that measured unrelated items. Further analyses show how patients' age, sex and ethnic group influence the level of satisfaction experienced. CONCLUSION: The NZGPAQ survey can be employed nationwide to improve the quality of primary care because these patient survey results emphasize where service delivery is good/excellent and identify where change is needed to improve patient satisfaction.

Zwier G

2013-04-01

72

Persian translation of perception of psychiatry survey questionnaire and evaluation of its psychometric properties.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire, which is being used in a large multi-site international study, of which we were part. This instrument was designed to measure the attitudes of medical educators to psychiatry. METHOD: We used World Health Organization guideline as the methodological model for Persian translation. The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 100 medical teachers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Azad University. The content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the instrument were assessed. RESULTS: No item changed completely during the process of translation and cultural adaptation. The content validity of translation and back translation was 0.74 and 0.86 according to Feliss Kappa Statistic. The Cronbach's ? coefficient was 0.76 for the Persian version and for its subdivisions ranged from 0.59 to 0.81. The inter class correlation (ICC) coefficient for test-retest reliability of the whole instrument was 0.89. CONCLUSION: The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire could be considered as a good cross-cultural equivalent for original English version. The instrument is a reliable instrument in terms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

Artounian V; Shariati B; Amini H; Salimi A; Nejatisafa AA

2012-01-01

73

Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD).This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ) correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questionnaire, Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) and YDQ (Young Diagnostic Questionnaire). Finally we performed a psychiatric interview (based on DSM-IV-TR) for all of the samples. For data analysis we used face, discriminative and concurrent validity, Chronbach ?, split half, test-retest and ROC Curve by SPSS-14 Software.Results: Concurrent validity was (r=0.78, 0.81), discriminative validity was (r=0.62). Besides YDQ shows internal consistency (?=0.70), split-half validity(r=0.64), test –retest reliability (r=0.74, p<0.01). The best cut off point for this questionnaire is number 4.Conclusion: The result showed that Persian version of YDQ is valid and reliable. Considering lack of a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring addiction to the internet, YDQ could be a suitable tool for measuring internet addiction in future research

S. Salman Alavi; Fereshte Jannatifard; Mehdi Eslami; Hossein Rezapour

2011-01-01

74

Questionnaire of geological isolation research and needs for the future  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has more than one thousand of short-term visitors to ENTRY and QUALITY of Tokai Research and Development Center in every year to make visitors understand the result of research and development for geological isolation of high level radioactive waste (HLW). The important opinions and questions about geological isolation of HLW from visitors were integrated. Based on them, the information of understanding activities and future needs for research and development of geological isolation were documented. (author)

2007-01-01

75

A questionnaire survey of patient experience with the Rheumatology Monitoring Clinic in Singapore.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The concept of a pharmacist/advanced practice nurse (APN)-led Rheumatology Monitoring Clinic (RMC) is a novel service in Singapore; we therefore conducted a questionnaire survey of patient experience. METHODS: Patients attending the RMC were provided with a set of questionnaires. As a substudy, a separate questionnaire was given to the rheumatologists and therapists conducting the RMC. RESULTS: Of the 105 patients surveyed, a total of 97 (92.4%) patients were satisfied/strongly satisfied with the overall service, and none were dissatisfied; 96% felt that the pharmacists/APNs provided clear, detailed information about their disease and medication, while 92% of patients were confident they knew what side-effects were possible. Ninety-two percent and 93% of patients were more likely to adhere to treatment, and were willing to come back for follow-up at the RMC, respectively. There was no difference in patient satisfaction in the average Likert summed scores, between the pharmacists and APNs. Age, gender, ethnicity and underlying disease did not exert any influence on the responses. All the rheumatologists surveyed were satisfied with the patients' management and the professionalism of the therapists. They opined that the RMC freed up time for them to see more complex cases. All the pharmacists/APNs concurred that the referrals were appropriately selected. CONCLUSIONS: We established the acceptability of a non-physician-led clinic in our local setting and highlighted the usefulness of having a routine clinic for monitoring medication toxicity and patient education. The RMC received positive feedback from patients, rheumatologists and allied health therapists, with a high degree of satisfaction among the respondents.

Chew LC; Lim TG; Loy KL; Kong MC; Chang WT; Tan SB; Pang HT; Chen LL; Thumboo J

2012-08-01

76

Questionnaire survey of customer satisfaction for product categories towards certification of ergonomic quality in design.  

Science.gov (United States)

Customer satisfaction was surveyed for 6 product categories (consumer electronics, daily commodities, home equipment, information systems, cars, and health appliances) by questionnaires based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Analyzing weight of evaluation factors, the 6 product categories were reorganized into 4 categories, those were related to 4 aspects in daily living that formed by two axes: home living - mobility life and healthy life - active communication. It was found that consumers were attracted by the actual user test by public institutes for all product categories. The certification based on the design process standard established by authorities, such as EQUID was the second best attractor for consumers. PMID:22316844

Mochimaru, Masaaki; Takahashi, Miwako; Hatakenaka, Nobuko; Horiuchi, Hitoshi

2012-01-01

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Questionnaire survey of customer satisfaction for product categories towards certification of ergonomic quality in design.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Customer satisfaction was surveyed for 6 product categories (consumer electronics, daily commodities, home equipment, information systems, cars, and health appliances) by questionnaires based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Analyzing weight of evaluation factors, the 6 product categories were reorganized into 4 categories, those were related to 4 aspects in daily living that formed by two axes: home living - mobility life and healthy life - active communication. It was found that consumers were attracted by the actual user test by public institutes for all product categories. The certification based on the design process standard established by authorities, such as EQUID was the second best attractor for consumers.

Mochimaru M; Takahashi M; Hatakenaka N; Horiuchi H

2012-01-01

78

Survey-Sami and Indigenous Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Centre for Sami Studies at The University of Tromsø has by The Research Council of Norway been assigned to make a survey of Sami and Indigenous research going on in the Nordic countries.

SESAM SESAM

2005-01-01

79

A survey of research and publications on circulating fluidized beds  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Presents the results of a questionnaire survey conducted of most major institutions around the world and known researchers of fluidized beds by the Secretariat of the International Conference on Circulating Fluidized Beds. Research projects are listed, together with the name of the investigator concerned, under the following headings: air pollution; commercial development (combustion); hydrodynamics; flow regime; combustion and gasification; heat transfer; gas and solid mining; other types of CFB system; and solid recycle system. Papers published by the investigators in selected subject areas are listed and the addresses of the researchers are given.

Basu, R. (comp.)

1988-01-01

80

The Use of Web Questionnaires in Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism Research  

Science.gov (United States)

|The present article focuses on data collection through web questionnaires, as opposed to the traditional pen-and-paper method for research in second language acquisition and bilingualism. It is argued that web questionnaires, which have been used quite widely in psychology, have the advantage of reaching out to a larger and more diverse pool of…

Wilson, Rosemary; Dewaele, Jean-Marc

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

The Use of Web Questionnaires in Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The present article focuses on data collection through web questionnaires, as opposed to the traditional pen-and-paper method for research in second language acquisition and bilingualism. It is argued that web questionnaires, which have been used quite widely in psychology, have the advantage of reaching out to a larger and more diverse pool of…

Wilson, Rosemary; Dewaele, Jean-Marc

2010-01-01

82

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, st...

Thorén Elisabet; Andersson Gerhard; Lunner Thomas

83

Internet Administration of Paper-and-Pencil Questionnaires Used in Couple Research: Assessing Psychometric Equivalence  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the psychometric equivalence of paper-and-pencil and Internet formats of key questionnaires used in couple research. Self-report questionnaires assessing interpersonal constructs (relationship satisfaction, communication/conflict management, partner support, emotional intimacy) and intrapersonal constructs (individual traits,…

Brock, Rebecca L.; Barry, Robin A.; Lawrence, Erika; Dey, Jodi; Rolffs, Jaci

2012-01-01

84

The 8th questionnaire survey report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on safety of nuclear medicine studies was conducted under the subcommittee for radionuclide imaging and nuclear medicine technology of Japan Radioisotope Association to promote patient safety. Questionnaires were sent to 1300 hospitals and 21 clinical laboratories in Japan with 1034 facilities responded (78.3%). Sixty percents of the workers in the facilities were nuclear medicine technologists. Medical doctors comprised 20% of the workers, but 32% in the university hospitals. The number of laboratory technologists decreased in all categories of the facilities. Composite PET/CT scanners increased sharply, whereas 2-detector and 3-detector imaging systems decreased. Regular maintenance was performed in approximately 80% of the SPECT imaging systems, while the single head imaging systems were maintained less frequently. Filmless systems were employed in 25.3% of all of the facilities responded, with the higher rate in the university hospitals. The number of accidents and incidents in the facilities decreased. Falls on floor and fall from an examination bed were reported. The nuclear medicine technologists were concerned about safety mechanism of imaging systems, and dimension and height of examination beds. They also wanted prompt supply of safety information and easy interconnectivity among different data of various vendors' systems. The results of this survey may be a valuable source of information on safety of nuclear medicine procedures. (author)

2008-01-01

85

Comparative Study of 2 Different Questionnaires in Japanese Patients: The Quality of Life and Utility Evaluation Survey Technology Questionnaire (QUEST) Versus the Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (FSSG).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the convenience of the quality of life and utility evaluation survey technology (QUEST) questionnaire and the frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) questionnaire as self-assessment diagnostic instrument. METHODS: This was a two-way crossover study conducted over 6 weeks from September 2010 to November 2010. The subjects were 60 consecutive patients admitted to the Hiratsuka city hospital with a gastrointestinal condition, regardless of the coexistence of heartburn. They were assigned to fill in both the QUEST and FSSG questionnaires in random order. We analyzed the time taken to complete the questionnaires, whether subjects asked any questions as they filled in the questionnaire, and the questionnaire scores. RESULTS: Comparison of the QUEST and the FSSG revealed significant differences in the completion time (196.5 vs. 97.5 seconds, respectively; P < 0.0001) and in whether subjects asked any questions (37 vs. 15 subjects, respectively; P < 0.0001). Completion time in QUEST scores of ? 4 was lower than < 4 (170.5 vs. 214.0 seconds, respectively; P = 0.022), and the QUEST score was significantly higher without questions than with question (3 vs. 1 points, respectively; P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the FSSG questionnaire may be easier for Japanese subjects to complete than the QUEST questionnaire.

Nonaka T; Kessoku T; Ogawa Y; Yanagisawa S; Shiba T; Sakaguchi T; Atsukawa K; Takahashi H; Sekino Y; Iida H; Endo H; Sakamoto Y; Koide T; Takahashi H; Yoneda M; Maeda S; Nakajima A; Gotoh E; Inamori M

2013-01-01

86

Research report for radioactivity survey (1986)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This report gives the results of the 1986's research projects. The following research projects are covered: (I) research for radioactivity level and dosimetry in environment, food, and human body; (II) research for radioactivity level surrounding nuclear installations; (III) work in a radioactivity survey data center; (IV) basic research on the evaluation of radioactivity survey; (V) training of technicians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (VI) research on emergency countermeasures, including dosimetry. The results are provided mainly in tabular form. Some references are given in (VII). (Namekawa, K.)

1987-01-01

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Patients' acceptance of medical photography in a French adult and paediatric dermatology department: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of medical photography by dermatologists, no study on patients' perceptions of photography in dermatology has been performed to date. OBJECTIVES: Firstly, to evaluate patients' perceptions of medical photography. Secondly, to assess whether perceptions differed between patients in our adult department and parents accompanying a child in our paediatric department. METHODS: An opinion survey was conducted at the Hospital of Tours (France) among adult patients (adult department) and accompanying parents (paediatric department) by completion of a questionnaire after any medical photography had been performed. RESULTS: We collected 272 questionnaires regarding 158 adults and 114 children. A camera used only in the department, and storage of the images in the department's records were the most accepted modalities (> 90%), especially in the paediatric survey. Respondents agreed with the sharing of the images with other practitioners and in medical meetings (> 85%) rather than distribution via publications (58·3%), e-mails (45·5%), health magazines (44·3%) and websites (32·0%). Most (78·8%) considered that the consent form should list all the possible uses of the images. Need for renewed consent for each use of the images was significantly more often expressed in the paediatric than the adult survey (44·5% vs. 24·5%, P = 0·001). More than 95% of respondents considered medical photography to be useful for improving diagnosis, monitoring of skin disease and aiding teaching. CONCLUSIONS: These findings could be used to improve practice, to increase the acceptability of medical photography and for devising a standardized consent form for medical practitioners performing medical photography.

Hacard F; Maruani A; Delaplace M; Caille A; Machet L; Lorette G; Samimi M

2013-08-01

88

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation.

Nakash Rachel A; Hutton Jane L; Jørstad-Stein Ellen C; Gates Simon; Lamb Sarah E

2006-01-01

89

Validation of the Global Health Professions Students Survey questionnaire in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Canadian Public Health Association have developed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) questionnaire in order to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counselling among health- profession students. The aims of the study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GHPSS questionnaire in Italy among health-profession students and to examine the prevalence of tobacco use, knowledge and attitudes to it and tobacco cessation training among students attending Italian medical schools using the standardised GHPSS approach.Methods: Before testing tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training, we calculated the Cronbach’s alpha to assess the internal validity with the intention of avoiding misleading results. The questionnaire was administered to 100 health-profession students and data were collected in March 2009, during regular class sessions among students of two Italian Schools of Medicine. The original GHPSS instrument was translated into the Italian language and modified by adding three specific questions regarding I) the knowledge about the use of antidepressants, ii) Acetylcholine Receptor Partial Agonists, and iii) counselling techniques used in tobacco cessation programs. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0, statistical software for windows.Results: Cronbach’s alpha was higher on 17 items (alpha= 0.872), belonging to section I and IV (respectively: “Tobacco Use Prevalenceú and “Behaviour/Cessationú). The addition, also, of only one more of the others items (section)made the alpha value worse. Cronbach’s alpha for section VI for all items together (n. 44 items) was 0.815, which implies that the questionnaire had a very satisfactory internal validity. The prevalence of current smokers was 33%, while only 12% of students declared to be tobacco users. Interestingly, students who were tobacco users were 80% less likely to consider that health professionals needed training on smoking cessation techniques in comparison to non tobacco users.Conclusions: The questionnaire showed excellent reliability properties in the sample studied. In terms of internal consistency and validity, it appears to have an acceptable performance. Given the high prevalence of smokers among medical students, teaching them about the damages related to tobacco use, and how to help them quit smoking or tobacco use, emerged as important issues. Further studies to investigate these important issues, using a standardized method like GHPSS, are needed.

Maria Rosaria Gualano; Claudio Bontempi; Rosella Saulle; Walter Ricciardi; Giuseppe La Torre

2011-01-01

90

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. Results A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p Conclusions For three of the four included questionnaires the participants’ scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

Thorén Elisabet; Andersson Gerhard; Lunner Thomas

2012-01-01

91

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

1997-01-01

92

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro; Hasegawa, Hironori [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Hospital; Okumura, Masahiko; Sonoda, Tatsuo; Osada, Koji

1997-10-01

93

A questionnaire survey of patients and carers of patients prescribed Sativex as an unlicensed medicine.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To identify the areas of daily function most affected by the introduction of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine, and the impact on caregivers and people with multiple sclerosis (MS). BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid medicines have recently become available on prescription in several parts of the world, principally for the treatment of spasticity in people with MS. Their efficacy and safety have been demonstrated in the setting of randomised controlled clinical trials. Results of such studies may not always reflect the wider effectiveness that a medicine shows when used in clinical practice. METHODS: A short questionnaire survey consisting mostly of multiple-choice questions, along with some free-text questions aimed at the patient and primary caregiver (ie, partner, mother, nurse or outside carer). The questionnaire was developed in consultation with a patient representative organisation, field tested, ethics approval gained, then distributed to prescribers in the United Kingdom, with the request that they in turn forward it to any patients who had received repeat prescriptions for Sativex within the previous 16 weeks. Patients were seen in both a primary care (general practice) and a secondary care (hospital) setting. There was no control group in this study. Most patients had MS, and the primary reasons for using Sativex were spasticity and pain. FINDINGS: The response rate was 57%, with 124 questionnaires returned. The majority of respondents and their caregivers reported improvements across a range of daily functional activities, alongside a reduction in the use of concomitant anti-spasticity medication and in the use of other healthcare resources.

Notcutt WG

2013-04-01

94

End-user survey for digital sensor characteristics: a pilot questionnaire study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To survey end-user opinions on dental digital sensor characteristics for the design of a new X-ray imaging sensor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 questionnaires were sent out to dentists and dental radiologists. The questionnaire consisted of six parts related to dental sensors. A: Details about the respondent; B: Prioritization of most important aspects of digital sensors; C: Rating advantages and D: disadvantages of digital sensors; F: Dental features that need to be enhanced by digital sensors; G: End-user comments. RESULTS: Fifty-six questionnaires were returned. Contrast resolution and imaging time were assessed as the most and the least important aspects, respectively. Aspects considered as advantages by approximately 80% of respondents were: optimal contrast resolution, increased specificity, increased discrimination between diseased and healthy tissue, increased sensitivity, lower dose to the patient by more than 20%; as a disadvantage, increased patient dose was given. Dental features considered important by over 80% of the respondents were for intraoral radiographs: the visibility of caries, periapical, periodontal, and bone lesions; for panoramic radiographs: reduction of ghost images, image sharpness and bone. Bone and soft tissues on cephalograms and bone on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) tomograms were mentioned by over 70%. CONCLUSION: The most desired characteristic for a new sensor is contrast resolution. Dose saving is not considered as important unless it is more than 20%. Examination time is not a major issue. Caries, periapical and periodontal, and bone lesions for intraoral radiographs, reduction of ghost images, image sharpness and bone for panoramic radiographs were the most frequently mentioned dental features that should be enhanced by digital sensors.

Li G; van der Stelt PF; Verheij JG; Speller R; Galbiati A; Psomadellis F; Turchetta R; Theodoridis S; Hall G; Avset BS; Triantis FA; Longo R

2006-05-01

95

The present status of I-131 therapy for Graves' hyperthyroidism in Japan. Survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A survey on the I-131 therapy of Graves' hyperthyroidism was undertaken by questionnaire in 1,246 hospitals of Japan. One thousand and ninety seven of them (88.0%) responded to the questionnaire. In this paper, we report the results and analysis of the replies to the questionnaire. In the 121 hospitals (11.03%) of the respondents, I-131 therapy is being performed for Graves' hyperthyroidism. A gradual increase was observed in the annual number of I-131 treated Graves' disease patients during the period of 1998-2001, from 1,740 to 2,484. I-131 treatment was selected mainly for the cases with side effects from antithyroid drug (ATD) therapy, followed by the cases with complication of heart or hepatic diseases, recurrences of hyperthyroidism after surgery, radioiodine treatment, and long-term ATD treatment. The 41% of respondents used I-131 in order to restore euthyroidism, 34% aimed for hyperthyroidism and 41% used the dose properly between the two according to the patients. Administration dosage of I-131 was estimated mainly on the basis of thyroid uptake and volume in 93% of the respondents and 48% calculated the radiation dose by also determining the effective half-life in the thyroid gland. Thyroid size was estimated by scintigram (51%), ultrasonography (US) (33%), CT (22%) and palpation (12%). ATD treatment was used before I-131 administration by 70% of the respondents and 34% after radioiodine therapy. A low-iodine diet was given to the patients for a week (46%) or two weeks (47%) before I-131 administration. However, after treatment only 46% of the respondents continued low-iodine diet for a week. (author)

2003-01-01

96

Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Kiyoshi Kuboyama, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, performance definition and LCA as recent two keywords on the durability were explained. On the performance definition, it was described that the establishment of modeling technique of the concrete characteristic evaluation and development of the functional change prediction method as a function in the time and durability evaluation based on these results. On the LCA, it was described that the development of the total cost evaluation technique, consistency with the service life and relevance to the recycling concrete. Next, it was explained that construction of the database was necessary for the former development. (NEDO)

Kuboyama, Kiyoshi [Mitsubishi Materials Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

97

A questionnaire survey on current status of anti-diabetic therapy for diabetic patients with dementia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aim: It is important to establish treatment goals and optimal anti-diabetic therapy for diabetic patients with dementia. However, there are currently no established treatment guidelines. Recently, the West Tokyo Diabetes Association has established the Diabetes and Dementia Study Group to investigate the status of anti-diabetic therapy for diabetic patients with dementia. Here, we assessed the current status of such patients by a questionnaire survey. Methods: In November 2011, we conducted a mailed survey to the clinics and hospitals affiliated with Kita-Tama, Hachioji and Tachikawa Medical Associations in Tokyo, Japan. The survey evaluated the most suitable anti-diabetic therapy for elderly diabetic patients or diabetic patients with dementia, combined anti-diabetic therapy, insulin therapy for elderly diabetic patients and diabetic patients with dementia, combination therapy of insulin and oral anti-diabetic agents for diabetic patients with dementia, factors that make it difficult for diabetic patients with dementia to continue insulin therapy, and selection of treatment or care for diabetic patients with dementia. Results: The responses indicated that the anti-diabetic agents appropriate for diabetic patients with dementia are dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Those inappropriate for the same patients are metformin and insulin. Family support was a major factor for insulin therapy continuation for diabetic patients with dementia. Moreover, anti-diabetic agents for these patients are selected according to their ease of use and compatibility with available familial and social resources. Conclusion: Our survey results can be utilized for the creation of new guidelines and educational resources for the anti-diabetic therapy of diabetic patients with dementia.

Matsushita T; Yajima K; Sumitomo H; Shigeta M; Nishimura K; Shirabe S; Sakai M; Katayama T; Kanno K; Sakurai H; Nakano T; Kitaoka M; Ueki A

2013-01-01

98

Avastin and Lucentis: what do patients know? A prospective questionnaire survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To assess patients’ knowledge of their drug therapy for neovascular macular degeneration and to identify which aspects of the drug they considered most important if given the option of switching to an alternative drug. Design Prospective questionnaire survey. Setting Wolverhampton, England. Participants A total of 126 patients attending our hospital service for intravitreal ranibizumab therapy for neovascular macular degeneration. Main outcome measures Using a questionnaire, patients were asked questions pertaining to aspects of drug therapy in neovascular macular degeneration. Fields covered included drug names, knowledge of alternative drugs, cost of drugs and their views on switching to another drug. Results Eighty (63.5%) had heard of Lucentis (ranibizumab) and 31 (24.6%) were aware of Avastin (bevacizumab). Of the latter 31 patients, 20 did not have a preference between Avastin and Lucentis. These patients felt that the factors they would consider important for them to consider switching were effectiveness (10, 50%), specialist recommendation (8, 40%), safety (2, 10%) and cost (0). Conclusions Introducing a cheaper, off-label alternative in the therapy of macular degeneration in the presence of a licensed option has been extensively debated. Many patients have no knowledge of this controversial issue but it is likely that efficacy and recommendation by clinicians are more important than cost to patients who may consider switching to the off-label Avastin.

Manna, Avinash; Oyede, Oluwatoyin; Ning, Brigid; Yang, Yit; Narendran, Niro

2013-01-01

99

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND: When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format.The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). METHODS: A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. RESULTS: A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?'s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. CONCLUSIONS: For three of the four included questionnaires the participants' scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

Thorén ES; Andersson G; Lunner T

2012-01-01

100

Reliability and validity of the persian version of the scoliosis research society-22r questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study to investigate psychometric properties of adapted Persian version of the Scoliosis Research Society-22r (SRS-22r) questionnaire. OBJECTIVES.: To translate the SRS-22r into Persian and to evaluate the internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the Persian SRS-22r. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The SRS-22r has not been translated and validated for Persian-speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This was to provide a validated instrument to measure health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in Iran. METHODS: The translation and cultural adaptation of the original questionnaire were carried out in accordance with the published guidelines. About 84 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were participated in the study. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to test convergent validity of the Persian SRS-22r. RESULTS: Moderate to high correlations were found between the SRS-22r domains and SF-36 subscales. The correlations ranged from 0.54 to 0.67 (function/activity domain), 0.48 to 0.74 (pain domain), 0.45 to 0.55 (self image domain), 0.66 to 0.85 (mental health domain), and 0.35 to 0.55 (satisfaction domain) (P < 0.01). One-way analysis of variance showed that the Persian questionnaire successfully discriminated between patients undergoing observation, brace, and surgical treatments (P < 0.05). Cronbach alpha coefficient for the Persian SRS-22r domains ranged from 0.68 to 0.78. The Persian SRS-22rdomains showed satisfactory test-retest reliability with Intraclass Correlation Coefficient ranged from 0.79 to 0.87 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The Persian version of the SRS-22r has satisfactory reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity to measure health-related quality of life in adolescent patients with scoliosis in Iran. It is simple and easy to use and now can be applied in clinical settings and future outcome studies in Iran.

Mousavi SJ; Mobini B; Mehdian H; Akbarnia B; Bouzari B; Askary-Ashtiani A; Montazeri A; Parnianpour M

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
101

[Survey questionnaire of pediatric nuclear medicine examinations in 14 Japanese institutes].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Under the auspices of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Nuclear Medicine, an annual aggregate from a 5-year period, 2007 to 2011, of a survey questionnaire of pediatric nuclear medicine examinations performed at 14 institutes in the Kanto region was conducted. The subjects were pediatric patients 15 years old or younger. The survey questions included the determination method for administered dose of radiopharmaceuticals, the items examined and number of examinations. Of 14 institutes, 11 determined administered doses using the formula: adult dose X (age +1) / (age+7), while the remaining 3 used the adult dose as the maximum dose and used a conversion formula based on age and physical condition. In 2011, in a total of 3,884 pediatric patients, renoscintigraphy accounted for 41.5%, brain 14.4%, pulmonary scintigraphy 12.9%, oncology 9.0%, hepatobiliary scintigraphy 6.3%, gastrointestinal scintigraphy 4.8%, musculoskeletal scintigraphy 4.3%, cardiology 2.5%, and other 4.9% of all nuclear medicine examinations. Pediatric nuclear medicine examinations in general hospitals accounted for only 3.4% of all examinations. A similar trend was observed in previous years. Since pediatric patients have a longer reproductive term and higher sensitivity to radiation exposure, pediatric nuclear medicine requires a strict selection of appropriate studies and administered dose. These results show the current practice and would warrant further consideration.

Karasawa K; Kamiyama H; Hashimoto T; Koizumi K

2013-05-01

102

Predictors of hospital nurses' intent to stay: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey in Shanghai, China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To investigate predictors of hospital nurses' intent to stay in the nursing profession. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Over 1000 nurses working in hospitals in Shanghai, China, were invited to complete a survey questionnaire between May and October 2009 and 919 nurses responded for an 82% response rate. FINDINGS: Regression models explained 41.3% of variance in nurse intent to stay. Although the proposed model hypothesized 18 predictors of intent to stay, only seven were statistically significant factors of nurse intent to stay: normative commitment, economic costs commitment, age, limited alternatives commitment, praise/recognition, professional advancement opportunities and the hospital classification. Of these, the strongest predictors were normative commitment, economic costs commitment and age, which explained 37.3% of variance in nurse intent to stay. CONCLUSION: Possible strategies to improve nurses' intent to stay include employment practices that improve the work environment, increased wages and benefits, and greater professional opportunity for nurses' personal growth development and promotion. Healthcare organizations should establish an asserting and nurturing environment for nurses and improve nurses' normative commitment and economic costs commitment. Increased effort should be made to improve nurses' conditions in primary and secondary hospitals where nurses report a lower level of intent to stay in nursing. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Participants came from a limited number of hospitals in Shanghai. A larger sample from different hospitals in Shanghai and other districts in Mainland China could have enhanced the generalizability of the results and increased the power of the study.

Wang L; Tao H; Ellenbecker CH; Liu XH

2012-12-01

103

Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers' attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals' encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents' attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction, 0.874 for perception of management, and 0.785 for working conditions. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated a good model fit for each dimension and the entire construct. The percentage of hospital healthcare workers holding positive attitude was 48.9% for teamwork climate, 45.2% for perception of management, 42.1% for job satisfaction, 37.2% for safety climate, and 31.8% for working conditions. There were wide variations in the range of SAQ-C scores in each dimension among hospitals. Compared to those without positive attitudes, healthcare workers with positive attitudes to each SAQ dimension were more likely to perceive good collaboration with coworkers, and their hospitals were more likely to encourage safety reporting and to prioritize safety training programs (Wald chi-square test, p Conclusions Analytical results verified the psychometric properties of the SAQ-C at Taiwanese hospitals. The safety culture at most hospitals has not fully developed and there is considerable room for improvement.

Lee Wui-Chiang; Wung Hwei-Ying; Liao Hsun-Hsiang; Lo Chien-Ming; Chang Fei-Ling; Wang Pa-Chun; Fan Angela; Chen Hsin-Hsin; Yang Han-Chuan; Hou Sheng-Mou

2010-01-01

104

[Survey of potential improvements during the course of the radiotherapy treatment--a patient questionnaire].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: In the context of quality assurance, increasing demands are placed on the whole radiotherapy treatment process. The patients directly concerned generally do not realize most aspects of the quality assurance program (e.g., additional safety checks) during their daily therapy. It was the aim of this study to systematically ask patients about potential improvements during the course of radiotherapy treatment from their own perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the defined time span (1 month), 624 radiotherapy patients (600 questionnaires were returned, 96.2%) were interviewed using a questionnaire newly developed to inquire about several aspects of their treatment. Furthermore, they were asked for their specific needs and suggestions for improvements that could be made during the course of radiotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Overall, the patients were satisfied with the course of their radiotherapy treatment and with patient care. As an example, about 90% agreed with the statement: "My first contact with the radiation oncology unit proceeded with kindness and competence so that I was given the impression that I will be well cared for in this clinic." Considering the organization of the course of radiotherapy, a large majority of patients attached great value to set appointments for the therapy fractions. A main point of criticism was waiting times or delays caused by servicing or machine failures. Small, low cost improvements as music in the therapy room were considered as important as expensive measures (e.g., daylight in the therapy room). The patients emphasized the importance of staff friendliness. CONCLUSION: The situation of radiotherapy patients was, in general, satisfactory. Future improvements can be mainly expected from smooth organisation of both planning and treatment which can be achieved by electronic scheduling systems. Many results of the survey could be easily implemented in daily practice. In matters of organization radiation oncology with its complex procedures can be used as a model for other clinical departments.

Momm F; Jooss D; Xander CJ; Adebahr S; Duncker-Rohr V; Heinemann F; Kirste S; Messmer MB; Grosu AL; Becker G

2011-11-01

105

Survey of potential improvements during the course of the radiotherapy treatment. A patient questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the context of quality assurance, increasing demands are placed on the whole radiotherapy treatment process. The patients directly concerned generally do not realize most aspects of the quality assurance program (e.g., additional safety checks) during their daily therapy. It was the aim of this study to systematically ask patients about potential improvements during the course of radiotherapy treatment from their own perspective. In the defined time span (1 month), 624 radiotherapy patients (600 questionnaires were returned, 96.2%) were interviewed using a questionnaire newly developed to inquire about several aspects of their treatment. Furthermore, they were asked for their specific needs and suggestions for improvements that could be made during the course of radiotherapy treatment. Overall, the patients were satisfied with the course of their radiotherapy treatment and with patient care. As an example, about 90% agreed with the statement: ''My first contact with the radiation oncology unit proceeded with kindness and competence so that I was given the impression that I will be well cared for in this clinic.'' Considering the organization of the course of radiotherapy, a large majority of patients attached great value to set appointments for the therapy fractions. A main point of criticism was waiting times or delays caused by servicing or machine failures. Small, low cost improvements as music in the therapy room were considered as important as expensive measures (e.g., daylight in the therapy room). The patients emphasized the importance of staff friendliness. The situation of radiotherapy patients was, in general, satisfactory. Future improvements can be mainly expected from smooth organisation of both planning and treatment which can be achieved by electronic scheduling systems. Many results of the survey could be easily implemented in daily practice. In matters of organization radiation oncology with its complex procedures can be used as a model for other clinical departments. (orig.)

2011-01-01

106

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

Kataoka, Isao [Osaka Univ. (Japan); Sekimoto, Hiroshi

2000-08-01

107

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

2000-01-01

108

Perspectives on advance directives in Japanese society: A population-based questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent via mail to a stratified random sampling of 560 residents listed in the residential registry of one district of Tokyo, Japan (n = 165,567). Association between correlating factors and specific preferences toward ADs was assessed using contingency table bivariate analysis and multivariate regression model to estimate independent contribution. Results Of the 560 questionnaires sent out, a total of 425 participants took part in the survey yielding a response rate of 75.9 %. The results of the present study indicate that: 1) the most important components to be addressed are the specifics of medical treatment at the end of life stage and disclosure of diagnosis and prognosis; 2) the majority of participants found it suitable to express their directives by word to family and/or physician and not by written documentation; 3) there is no strong need for legal measures in setting up an AD; 4) it is permissible for family and physician to loosely interpret one's directives; 5) the most suitable proxy is considered to be a family member, relative, or spouse. Multivariate analysis found the following five factors as significantly associated with preferences: 1) awareness regarding living wills, 2) experience with the use of ADs, 3) preferences for end-of-life treatment, 4) preferences for information disclosure, and 5) intentions of creating a will. Conclusions Written ADs might be useful in the Japanese setting when the individual either wishes: 1) to not provide a lot of leeway to surrogates and/or caregivers, and/or 2) to ensure his or her directives in the cases of terminal illness, brain death, and pain treatment, as well as regarding information disclosure.

Akabayashi Akira; Slingsby Brian; Kai Ichiro

2003-01-01

109

MEASURING WORKLOAD OF ICU NURSES WITH A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY: THE NASA TASK LOAD INDEX (TLX).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

High workload of nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been identified as a major patient safety and worker stress problem. However, relative little attention has been dedicated to the measurement of workload in healthcare. The objectives of this study are to describe and examine several methods to measure workload of ICU nurses. We then focus on the measurement of ICU nurses' workload using a subjective rating instrument: the NASA TLX.We conducted secondary data analysis on data from two, multi-side, cross-sectional questionnaire studies to examine several instruments to measure ICU nurses' workload. The combined database contains the data from 757 ICU nurses in 8 hospitals and 21 ICUs.Results show that the different methods to measure workload of ICU nurses, such as patient-based and operator-based workload, are only moderately correlated, or not correlated at all. Results show further that among the operator-based instruments, the NASA TLX is the most reliable and valid questionnaire to measure workload and that NASA TLX can be used in a healthcare setting. Managers of hospitals and ICUs can benefit from the results of this research as it provides benchmark data on workload experienced by nurses in a variety of ICUs.

Hoonakker P; Carayon P; Gurses A; Brown R; McGuire K; Khunlertkit A; Walker JM

2011-01-01

110

MEASURING WORKLOAD OF ICU NURSES WITH A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY: THE NASA TASK LOAD INDEX (TLX).  

Science.gov (United States)

High workload of nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been identified as a major patient safety and worker stress problem. However, relative little attention has been dedicated to the measurement of workload in healthcare. The objectives of this study are to describe and examine several methods to measure workload of ICU nurses. We then focus on the measurement of ICU nurses' workload using a subjective rating instrument: the NASA TLX.We conducted secondary data analysis on data from two, multi-side, cross-sectional questionnaire studies to examine several instruments to measure ICU nurses' workload. The combined database contains the data from 757 ICU nurses in 8 hospitals and 21 ICUs.Results show that the different methods to measure workload of ICU nurses, such as patient-based and operator-based workload, are only moderately correlated, or not correlated at all. Results show further that among the operator-based instruments, the NASA TLX is the most reliable and valid questionnaire to measure workload and that NASA TLX can be used in a healthcare setting. Managers of hospitals and ICUs can benefit from the results of this research as it provides benchmark data on workload experienced by nurses in a variety of ICUs. PMID:22773941

Hoonakker, Peter; Carayon, Pascale; Gurses, Ayse; Brown, Roger; McGuire, Kerry; Khunlertkit, Adjhaporn; Walker, James M

2011-10-12

111

The use of online word of mouth opinion in online learning: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: There is increasing use of online word of mouth opinion (user feedback) systems for general services but its use in online learning has not been previously investigated. AIM: To understand why users of BMJ Learning provide and read word of mouth feedback, and whether this feedback influences uptake of modules by prospective users. METHOD: Online questionnaire of users of BMJ Learning who had completed online user feedback. RESULT: 109 questionnaires were completed (response rate 25%). The main motivation to contribute was to influence the authors of the module (66%), and 43% stated that they wanted to help other users to make an informed choice. 16% stated that they wanted to develop an online community of learners. The main motivation to read the user feedback was to see if they agreed with the comments (56%). CONCLUSION: Online word of mouth opinion (user feedback) appears to be useful for online learners. There are also system design considerations since the attempt to create an online community of learners that is desired by some users will not be appreciated by others. Further research with a larger number of users is recommended to confirm the findings.

Sandars J; Walsh K

2009-04-01

112

Survey on perceptions of Indian investigators on research ethics.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The last decade has witnessed globalization of drug development with early phase studies being increasingly placed in the developing world. Whether research related ethical principles around informed consent, adverse event (AE) reporting, post trial drug commitments and others are being observed, merits evaluation METHODS: A specially designed survey questionnaire was served to 29 investigators in India, having prior experience of participating in drug development studies with pharmaceutical companies. The survey included questions on investigator profile, study design, informed consent process, safety reporting, patient and physician compensation, post trial drug commitments among others RESULTS: Most respondents had nearly two decades of clinical experience. Majority believed that the research they conducted was relevant to the needs of society, but wanted common research goals established between the sponsors and the community. All investigators cited their expertise, reliability, patient pool, and low costs as the principal reasons for greater placement of studies. However, very few investigators felt that all their patients in studies were "truly autonomous". Most investigators indicated confidence in the adverse event reporting ability and expressed satisfaction with their Ethics Committees. A third of investigators accepted some form of conflict of interest between their role as a physician and researcher. Opinion was divided regarding satisfaction with the post trial drug commitments of the sponsor companies CONCLUSION: The survey revealed a good understanding of the ethical issues around conduct of clinical research in a developing country. The sooner ethical institutions and practices are fortified, the better it is for communities, patients, investigators and pharmaceutical sponsors.

Bindra S; Kochhar P

2010-07-01

113

Cross-cultural adaptation of a tobacco questionnaire for Punjabi, Cantonese, Urdu and Sylheti speakers: qualitative research for better clinical practice, cessation services and research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To develop cross-culturally valid and comparable questionnaires for use in clinical practice, tobacco cessation services and multiethnic surveys on tobacco use. METHODS: Key questions in Urdu, Cantonese, Punjabi and Sylheti on tobacco use were compiled from the best existing surveys. Additional items were translated by bilingual coworkers. In one-to-one and group consultations, lay members of the Pakistani, Chinese, Indian Sikh and Bangladeshi communities assessed the appropriateness of questions. Questionnaires were developed and field tested. Cross-cultural comparability was judged in a discussion between the researchers and coworkers, and questionnaires were finalised. Questionnaires in Cantonese (written and verbal forms differ) and Sylheti (no script in contemporary use) were written as spoken to avoid spot translations by interviewers. RESULTS: The Chinese did not use bidis, hookahs or smokeless tobacco, so these topics were excluded for them. It was unacceptable for Punjabi Sikhs to use tobacco. For the Urdu speakers and Sylheti speakers there was no outright taboo, particularly for men, but it was not encouraged. Use of paan was common among women and men. Many changes to existing questions were necessary to enhance cultural and linguistic appropriateness-for example, using less formal language, or rephrasing to clarify meaning. Questions were modified to ensure comparability across languages, including English. CONCLUSION: Using theoretically recommended approaches, a tobacco-related questionnaire with face and content validity was constructed for Urdu, Punjabi, Cantonese and Sylheti speakers, paving the way for practitioners to collect more valid data to underpin services, for sounder research and ultimately better tobacco control. The methods and lessons are applicable internationally.

Hanna L; Hunt S; Bhopal RS

2006-12-01

114

Why do nursing students not want to work in geriatric care? A national questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Given the severe shortage of nurses in geriatric care in Israel and the planned expansion of their role in the care of older people, the Israel Ministry of Health's Nursing Division decided to investigate the readiness of current students to work in geriatrics. OBJECTIVES: To gather last-year student nurses' views on geriatric nursing as a career choice and identify the factors behind those views. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was designed. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: 486 students (70% of the total last-year student nurse population) across the whole range of study settings completed the questionnaire in 2011. METHODS: On the basis of extensive data collection from focus groups of student nurses and working geriatric nurses a structured, self-administered questionnaire was compiled. The researchers distributed and collected the questionnaire in the students' classrooms. RESULTS: 61% of the 486 respondents had no intention of working in geriatrics while 12% considered the prospect favourably. 27% of the respondents were prepared to consider geriatric nursing as a career choice only after advanced specialist training in that field. 69% said that the planned expansion of the powers of geriatric nurses would incline them more favourably to work in geriatrics. A relatively high proportion of those interested in working in geriatrics were men. The students' appraisal of the content of their training programme and of the current state of geriatrics in Israel appeared not to influence career choice. Multiple regression analysis found that the factors most predictive of geriatric care as a career choice were a generally favourable attitude to older people, the expansion of nurse powers in the sector and previous experience in older people care. Studying on an academic programme as opposed to a diploma programme was a negative predictor. CONCLUSIONS: The non-influence of training programme content/design is the key finding. The chief recruitment effort should be invested in making the domain of geriatric nursing more attractive to nurses by improving its pay structure and expanding the powers of geriatric nurses to the level of Clinical Nurse Specialist, which would provide an attractive promotion track.

Haron Y; Levy S; Albagli M; Rotstein R; Riba S

2013-11-01

115

[A questionnaire survey of antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent perioperative infection in urological field in Japan].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To survey the present condition of administration method of the antimicrobial prophylactic (AMP) agents for the perioperative infection in Japan on revising "The Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urologic field (2006)". PATIENTS AND METHODS: With the approval of the Japanese Urological Association (JUA) in 2011, all of the principal urological training institutions certified by JUA (n = 836) were encouraged to participate to survey their adherence to the JUA guidelines (published in 2006) for AMP to prevent perioperative infection in urological field, and 446 (53.3%) institutions responded to the questionnaire. RESULTS: The rates of following the JUA guidelines of, "completely", "mainly", "not too much", and "not at all" were 6.5%, 69.7%, 22.0% and 1.6%, respectively. The guidelines were followed for open clean operations in 48.5%, open clean-contaminated operations in 66.4%, open contaminated operations in 61.8%, laparoscopic clean operations in 54.1%, laparoscopic clean-contaminated operations in 61.2%, transurethral resection of bladder tumor in 71.5%, transurethral resection of prostate in 68.9%, ureteroscopy and transurethral ureterolithotomy in 68.2%, prostate biopsy in 43.2%, and cystoscopy were in 42.2%, respectively. However, in terms of duration of AMP administration, the longer duration than those recommended by the guidelines were observed for clean surgery, transurethral resection of bladder tumor, ureteroscopy and transurethral ureterolithotomy, prostate biopsy, and cystoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: In terms of kinds of AMP, the guidelines were almostly followed in all operative procedures. However, the duration of AMP administration were longer than those recommended by the guidelines. On revision of "Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urologic field (2006)", these data would be taken into consideration to avoid dissociation between the guidelines and the practical side in the urologists.

Togo Y; Taoka R; Yamamoto S; Hiyama Y; Uehara T; Hashimoto J; Kurimura Y; Takahashi S; Tsukamoto T; Miyazaki J; Nishiyama H; Kiyota H; Yazawa S; Oya M; Yasuda M; Deguchi T; Ishikawa K; Hoshinaga K; Matsumoto M; Shigemura K; Tanaka K; Arakawa S; Fujisawa M; Wada K; Uehara S; Watanabe T; Kumon H; Kobayashi K; Matsubara A; Matsumoto M; Sho T; Hamasuna R; Matsumoto T; Hayami H; Yamane T; Nakagawa M

2013-07-01

116

Healthcare service provider perceptions of organisational communication across the perioperative pathway: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain understandings into service providers' perceptions of organisational communication and identify areas for improvement across the perioperative pathway. BACKGROUND: Effective communication among healthcare service providers is vital to the delivery of safe and quality patient care. Locally and internationally, research into sentinel and adverse events consistently demonstrate the perioperative environment and communication breakdown as recurring constituents in the generation of sentinel and adverse patient events. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: Using a whole population sampling method all service providers from across the perioperative pathway including surgeons, nurses, anaesthetists, theatre technicians, patient service assistants and receptionists were surveyed using the International Communication Association survey. Responses were analysed using descriptive statistics, univariate analysis of variance and independent samples t-tests. RESULTS: In total, 281 service providers from the perioperative pathway of three Australian public hospitals completed the survey. Respondents were dissatisfied with communication from top management and service providers employed in an operating room or postanaesthetic care unit perceived the communication of information to be inadequate. Further, analysis by service providers' occupation revealed nurses were less satisfied with channels of information than surgeons and anaesthetists were less satisfied with the timeliness of information than nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Restricted communication flow was evident as many areas of organisational communication were reported to be insufficient for the transmission of information. This research highlights the need for improved communication flow between service providers, and between management and service providers, working across the perioperative pathway. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Areas identified for communication improvement can be used to prevent communication failures and promote effective communication strategies such as meetings, education, providing time for open communication and developing organisational policy and procedures.

Braaf S; Manias E; Finch S; Riley R; Munro F

2013-01-01

117

Relative validity of a short qualitative food frequency questionnaire for use in food consumption surveys.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative validity of a self-administered qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) applied in the Belgian food consumption survey. METHODS: Comparison of food consumption data from an FFQ with 7-day estimated diet records (EDR) was made in a sample of 100 participants (aged 15-90 years). The FFQ comprised a total of 50 foods. Both FFQ and EDR foods were categorized into 15 conventional food groups. RESULTS: De-attenuated Spearman rank correlation coefficients between the FFQ and the EDR ranged from -0.16 for potatoes and grains to 0.83 for alcoholic beverages, with a median of 0.40 for all 15 food groups. The proportion of participants classified in the same tertile of intake by the FFQ and EDR ranged from 32% for potatoes and grains to 76% for alcoholic beverages. Extreme classification into opposite tertiles was <10% for milk and soy products, alcoholic beverages, fried restgroup foods and fats. CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the short nature and the absence of portion size questions, the FFQ appears to be reasonably valid in both genders and across different age categories for most food groups. However, for the food groups bread and cereals, potatoes and grains, and sauces, estimates should be interpreted with caution because of poor ranking agreement.

De Keyzer W; Dekkers A; Van Vlaslaer V; Ottevaere C; Van Oyen H; De Henauw S; Huybrechts I

2012-07-01

118

Relative validity of a short qualitative food frequency questionnaire for use in food consumption surveys.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the relative validity of a self-administered qualitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) applied in the Belgian food consumption survey. METHODS: Comparison of food consumption data from an FFQ with 7-day estimated diet records (EDR) was made in a sample of 100 participants (aged 15-90 years). The FFQ comprised a total of 50 foods. Both FFQ and EDR foods were categorized into 15 conventional food groups. RESULTS: De-attenuated Spearman rank correlation coefficients between the FFQ and the EDR ranged from -0.16 for potatoes and grains to 0.83 for alcoholic beverages, with a median of 0.40 for all 15 food groups. The proportion of participants classified in the same tertile of intake by the FFQ and EDR ranged from 32% for potatoes and grains to 76% for alcoholic beverages. Extreme classification into opposite tertiles was <10% for milk and soy products, alcoholic beverages, fried restgroup foods and fats. CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the short nature and the absence of portion size questions, the FFQ appears to be reasonably valid in both genders and across different age categories for most food groups. However, for the food groups bread and cereals, potatoes and grains, and sauces, estimates should be interpreted with caution because of poor ranking agreement. PMID:22843611

De Keyzer, Willem; Dekkers, Arnold; Van Vlaslaer, Veerle; Ottevaere, Charlene; Van Oyen, Herman; De Henauw, Stefaan; Huybrechts, Inge

2012-07-26

119

Urinary schistosomiasis in schoolchildren on Zanzibar Island (Unguja), Tanzania: a parasitological survey supplemented with questionnaires.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in schoolchildren on Zanzibar Island (Unguja) was surveyed in May 2001 to test a potential correlation with the distribution of snail species of the Bulinus africanus group and to record contemporary baseline epidemiological data. Quasi-random samples of 40 schoolchildren of mixed sexes were selected from each of 10 schools. Schistosoma haematobium infections were detected upon the basis of micro-haematuria with subsequent confirmation by microscopy examination for schistosome eggs. At the time of urine collection, each child was interviewed with a suite of 12 questions prepared as a standardized questionnaire. Total prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis (known locally as kichocho) was 12% although schistosome infections were absent in 5 schools. Schools located west of 39 degrees 19'E and north of 6 degrees 10'S harboured nearly all of the infections; the highest prevalence (55%) was found at Kinyasini where many B. globosus habitats occur nearby. The general level of understanding of kichocho was low (24%) and individual self-diagnosis was poor (sensitivity, 8.5%; specificity, 85%). Grouped freshwater-contact patterns of schoolchildren differed significantly between schools and correlated well with prevalence of infections within schools. Across the island the area of active transmission of S. haematobium to humans appears confined within the distribution of B. globosus. There was no epidemiological evidence to suggest any involvement of B. nasutus in local transmission, confirming previous laboratory findings. In areas where B. globosus occurs, targeted snail control should be considered, to reduce schistosome transmission.

Stothard JR; Mgeni AF; Khamis S; Seto E; Ramsan M; Rollinson D

2002-09-01

120

Nurse teachers' working lives: a questionnaire survey of nursing schools in Mainland China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The study aimed to explore Chinese nurse teachers' views and experience regarding different components of their working lives. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 18 schools of nursing offering nationally accredited baccalaureate nursing programmes across Mainland China was conducted. A total of 227 nurse teachers completed questionnaires yielding a response rate of 72%. FINDINGS: The sample comprised mainly female, married lecturers younger than 44 years with an average teaching experience of about 10 years. The respondents were satisfied with their overall job, work, supervision and co-workers, but dissatisfied with their pay and promotion opportunities. There were statistically significant differences in several facets of job satisfaction across the respondents of different age groups, education levels, job titles and those working in the schools of different sizes. The respondents perceived their work environment to be only somewhat empowering. Their average level of professional identification was relatively high, but their overall role conflict, role ambiguity and sense of coherence were relatively low. CONCLUSION: Chinese nurse teachers had a positive feeling towards their working lives, but strategies should be developed to enhance their sense of coherence and professional commitment. It is worth noting that there is still much adjustment to be made towards the new higher education roles, but the findings may only be generalizable to similar settings.

Gui L; While AE; Chen G; Barriball KL; Gu S

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
121

Career choices of the United Kingdom medical graduates of 2005, 2008 and 2009: questionnaire surveys.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To compare specialty choices of the UK medical graduates of 2005, 2008 and 2009, one year after graduation, with those of graduates from previous years and with the distribution of senior medical practitioners working in England. METHOD: Postal questionnaire surveys. RESULTS: The proportion of graduates giving more than one specialty choice rose in the most recent cohorts. Among men, choices for surgical careers fell from 37% of 2005 graduates to 25% of 2008 and 2009 graduates. The percentages who specified anaesthetics, general practice and obstetrics and gynaecology rose. Among women, general practice and surgery were unchanged in popularity, but increasing percentages specified paediatrics, anaesthetics and obstetrics and gynaecology. Choices for psychiatry and emergency medicine showed no trend. General practice was substantially under-represented, and hospital surgical and medical specialties were over-represented, in choices when compared to the distribution of senior National Health Service doctors. CONCLUSION: More current graduates consider two or more specialties than did their predecessors, which may reflect an increase in uncertainty about obtaining a post in their favoured specialty. The specialty preferences expressed by newly qualified doctors, notably the shortfall in numbers choosing general practice, remain inconsistent with future service needs.

Svirko E; Goldacre MJ; Lambert T

2013-05-01

122

Care challenges for informal caregivers of chronically ill lung patients: results from a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: The article aims to answer who the informal caregivers of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are, what kind of help they provide, and how they experience providing help to the patient. METHOD: Data from a questionnaire survey to next of kin of COPD patients carried through in Norway in December 2009 and January 2010 is explored. RESULT: About 70% of the patients have one or more informal caregivers, and a majority of the caregivers is the patient's spouse, most often a wife. The help provided is, to a large extent, practical help like housework, garden work, and shopping. Another important support is to accompany the patient to health care. About 45% of the caregivers are part of the work force. Rather few of the respondents experience the caregiving as so demanding that they have chosen to work part-time or quit working. The most demanding part of being an informal caregiver is an overall worrying for the patient. CONCLUSIONS: Paid sick leaves for caregivers that are employed, and hospital-at-home programmes that provide education and surveillance to the patient and his/her family through different phases of the illness, are policy means that both can help the informal caregivers to manage daily life and reduce the pressure on the formal healthcare and long-term care services in the future.

Gautun H; Werner A; Lurås H

2012-02-01

123

Living environment and self assessed morbidity: a questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Health complaints have been reported to be higher among the industrial area residents when compared with reference community. Methods Such reports being only a few, a questionnaire survey was conducted in three different areas (Industrial, Residential, Commercial) of Ahmedabad city of India to determine the pattern of morbidity and to do a comparative analysis of different areas within the city. Results A total of 679 families (243 from commercial, 199 from residential and 237 from industrial area) were included in this study. This study revealed that apart from presence of industry in close proximity to residence (99.2%), industrial area residents are having many other disadvantages from the point of view of public health like waste water stagnation (87.4%), problem of cooking smoke (33.2%) and presence of garbage dumps near residence (72.8%). Consequently, problems like coughing, wheezing, eye irritation, skin irritation, jaundice, asthma, and dental caries have been observed to be more common in industrial area. Comparative risk calculated in terms of odds ratio for different such problems have ranged from 1.83 to 6.2 when industrial area was compared with commercial area. Similarly on comparison of industrial area with residential area, odds ratio for different problems have ranged from 1.82 to 11.5. Conclusion This study has pointed out the need of separate planning and implementation of specific upliftment programs for addressing the environmental as well as public health issues of industrial localities.

Saha Asim; Kulkarni Pradip; Saiyed Habibullah

2007-01-01

124

Incidence, causes, severity and treatment of throat discomfort: a four-region online questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute sore throat is commonly associated with viral infections. Consumers typically rely on over-the-counter treatments and other remedies to treat symptoms; however, limited information is available regarding consumer perceptions of sore throat or treatment needs. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of throat discomfort and how these influence attitudes and consumer behaviour with regard to treatment. Methods Online consumer surveys were completed by participants invited by email between 2003 and 2004 in four markets: the UK, France, Poland, and Malaysia. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions that covered key issues surrounding throat discomfort including incidence in the past 12 months, causes, severity, effects on functionality and quality of life, actions taken to relieve throat discomfort, the efficacy of these approaches and the reasons behind using specific products. Results In total, 6465 men and women aged ?18 years were surveyed, identifying 3514 participants who had suffered throat discomfort/irritation in the past 12 months (response rate of 54%). These participants completed the full survey. The breakdown of throat discomfort sufferers was: UK, 912; France, 899; Poland, 871; Malaysia, 832. A high proportion of respondents experienced one or more instances of throat discomfort in the previous 12 months, with an overall incidence of 54%. Infections including the common cold/influenza and other bacteria/viruses were commonly perceived causes of throat discomfort (72% and 46%, respectively). Physical and environmental factors were also perceived to be causative, including airborne pollution (28%), smoking (23%), and air conditioning (31%). Symptoms perceived to be caused by an infection were associated with a higher degree of suffering (mean degree of suffering for bacteria/virus and common cold/influenza; 3.4 and 3.0, respectively). Medicinal products were used for all perceived causes, but more commonly for sore throats thought to be caused by infections. Cold drinks were used more often for symptoms thought to be due to physical and environmental causes. Conclusions Not all throat discomfort is the same, as demonstrated by the range of perceived causes and the emotional and physical symptoms experienced. Patient expectations regarding treatment of throat discomfort differs and treatments should be tailored by pharmacists to suit the cause.

Addey Dilys; Shephard Adrian

2012-01-01

125

Incidence, causes, severity and treatment of throat discomfort: a four-region online questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Acute sore throat is commonly associated with viral infections. Consumers typically rely on over-the-counter treatments and other remedies to treat symptoms; however, limited information is available regarding consumer perceptions of sore throat or treatment needs. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of throat discomfort and how these influence attitudes and consumer behaviour with regard to treatment. METHODS: Online consumer surveys were completed by participants invited by email between 2003 and 2004 in four markets: the UK, France, Poland, and Malaysia. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions that covered key issues surrounding throat discomfort including incidence in the past 12 months, causes, severity, effects on functionality and quality of life, actions taken to relieve throat discomfort, the efficacy of these approaches and the reasons behind using specific products. RESULTS: In total, 6465 men and women aged ?18 years were surveyed, identifying 3514 participants who had suffered throat discomfort/irritation in the past 12 months (response rate of 54%). These participants completed the full survey. The breakdown of throat discomfort sufferers was: UK, 912; France, 899; Poland, 871; Malaysia, 832. A high proportion of respondents experienced one or more instances of throat discomfort in the previous 12 months, with an overall incidence of 54%. Infections including the common cold/influenza and other bacteria/viruses were commonly perceived causes of throat discomfort (72% and 46%, respectively). Physical and environmental factors were also perceived to be causative, including airborne pollution (28%), smoking (23%), and air conditioning (31%). Symptoms perceived to be caused by an infection were associated with a higher degree of suffering (mean degree of suffering for bacteria/virus and common cold/influenza; 3.4 and 3.0, respectively). Medicinal products were used for all perceived causes, but more commonly for sore throats thought to be caused by infections. Cold drinks were used more often for symptoms thought to be due to physical and environmental causes. CONCLUSIONS: Not all throat discomfort is the same, as demonstrated by the range of perceived causes and the emotional and physical symptoms experienced. Patient expectations regarding treatment of throat discomfort differs and treatments should be tailored by pharmacists to suit the cause.

Addey D; Shephard A

2012-01-01

126

East and west, home is best? A questionnaire-based survey on mortality of Dutch travelers abroad.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A questionnaire-based survey on the mortality of Dutch travelers abroad revealed that travel outside of Europe carried an increased mortality risk predominantly caused by fatal cardiovascular events and traffic accidents rather than fatal infections. Discussion of these items should receive a prominent place in our travel health consultation.

Groenheide AC; van Genderen PJ; Overbosch D

2011-03-01

127

A survey on the attitudes towards research in medical school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background An observed decrease of physician scientists in medical practice has generated much recent interest in increasing the exposure of research programs in medical school. The aim of this study was to review the experience and attitudes regarding research by medical students in Canada. Methods An anonymous, cross-sectional, self-report questionnaire was administered to second and fourth year students in three medical schools in Ontario between February and May of 2005. Questions were primarily closed-ended and consisted of Likert scales. Descriptive and correlative statistics were used to analyze the responses between students of different years and previous research experience. Results There was a 47% (327/699) overall response rate to the questionnaire. Despite 87% of respondents reporting that they had been involved in some degree of research prior to medical school, 43% report that they have not been significantly involved in research activity during medical school and 24% had no interest in any participation. There were significant differences in the attitudes towards research endeavors during medical school between students in their fourth year compared to second year. The greatest barriers to involvement in research in medical school appear to be time, availability of research mentors, formal teaching of research methodology and the perception that the student would not receive appropriate acknowledgement for work put towards a research project. Conclusion The results of this self-report survey outline the significant differences in attitudes towards mandatory research as a component of critical inquiry and scholarship in the undergraduate curriculum in Ontario medical schools.

Siemens D Robert; Punnen Sanoj; Wong James; Kanji Nimira

2010-01-01

128

Parent experiences questionnaire for outpatient child and adolescent mental health services (PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients): reliability and validity following a national survey  

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Full Text Available Abstact Background Development and evaluation of the PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients, a parent completed questionnaire to measure experiences of outpatient child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Norway. Methods Literature review, parent interviews, pre-testing and a national survey of 17,080 parents of children who received care at one of the 86 outpatient CAMHS in Norway in 2006. Telephone interviews were conducted with a random sample of non-respondents. Levels of missing data, factor structure, internal consistency and construct validity were assessed. Results 7,906 (46.0%) parents or primary caregivers responded to the questionnaire. Low levels of missing data suggest that the PEQ-CAMHS is acceptable. The questionnaire includes three scales supported by the results of factor analysis: relationship with health personnel (8 items), information and participation (4 items), and outcome (3 items). Item-total correlations were all above 0.6 and Cronbach's alpha correlations ranged from 0.88-0.94. The results of comparisons of scale scores with several variables relating to global satisfaction, outcome, cooperation, information, involvement and waiting time support the construct validity of the instrument. Conclusions The PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients questionnaire includes important aspects of outpatient CAMHS from the perspective of the parent. It has evidence for data quality, internal consistency and validity and is recommended in surveys of parent experiences of these services. Future research should assess test-retest reliability and further tests of construct validity that include clinical data are recommended.

Garratt Andrew M; Bjertnaes Oyvind A; Holmboe Olaf; Hanssen-Bauer Ketil

2011-01-01

129

Parent experiences questionnaire for outpatient child and adolescent mental health services (PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients): reliability and validity following a national survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: ABSTACT: BACKGROUND: Development and evaluation of the PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients, a parent completed questionnaire to measure experiences of outpatient child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Norway. METHODS: Literature review, parent interviews, pre-testing and a national survey of 17,080 parents of children who received care at one of the 86 outpatient CAMHS in Norway in 2006. Telephone interviews were conducted with a random sample of non-respondents. Levels of missing data, factor structure, internal consistency and construct validity were assessed. RESULTS: 7,906 (46.0%) parents or primary caregivers responded to the questionnaire. Low levels of missing data suggest that the PEQ-CAMHS is acceptable. The questionnaire includes three scales supported by the results of factor analysis: relationship with health personnel (8 items), information and participation (4 items), and outcome (3 items). Item-total correlations were all above 0.6 and Cronbach's alpha correlations ranged from 0.88-0.94. The results of comparisons of scale scores with several variables relating to global satisfaction, outcome, cooperation, information, involvement and waiting time support the construct validity of the instrument. CONCLUSIONS: The PEQ-CAMHS Outpatients questionnaire includes important aspects of outpatient CAMHS from the perspective of the parent. It has evidence for data quality, internal consistency and validity and is recommended in surveys of parent experiences of these services. Future research should assess test-retest reliability and further tests of construct validity that include clinical data are recommended.

Garratt AM; Bjertnaes OA; Holmboe O; Hanssen-Bauer K

2011-01-01

130

Continuing Medical Education in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics: report of a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: To seek the views of medically qualified members of the Clinical Section of the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) on their perceived needs for Continuing Medical Education (CME); on how and by whom these needs should be addressed; and on how the outcome of any educational intervention might best be assessed. METHODS: A structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 233 recipients, 140 (60%) responded, but only 123 of these fulfilled the criteria for analysis. A large majority of respondents were clinicians, most of whom devoted at least 25% of their working week to their NHS commitment. There was widespread reliance on textbooks and journals as sources of CME, supplemented by discussions with specialist peers at national and international meetings. Many felt that fulfilling even this agenda was stretching their commitment to the limit, and their greatest need was for protected time in which to learn. There was a desire among 49% of all respondents for the BPS Clinical Section to take some responsibilty for addressing the future needs of its members, and 75% took the view that academic departments should contribute to the development and updating of materials. There was no clear agreement about what these should comprise, but around half of all respondents favoured web-based, journal-based or computer-assisted educational material offering self-assessment opportunities; and CME symposia or workshops at BPS meetings. Almost half (46%) felt that assessment of CME should be integrated with a well-organized appraisal system and the use of portfolios. Six out of 10 respondents were already, or were about to be, regularly appraised at their place of work. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire survey revealed a broad canvas of views and little evidence of consensus except for a general plea for more time in which to learn. The aim of the Clinical Section should be to facilitate and help its members to organize their learning, in a way that is consistent with national trends in Continuing Professional Development. The Clinical Section should co-ordinate the setting up of an electronic library of appropriate published material, compiled by academic and industrial sources, that would guide members seeking up-to-date knowledge of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (BJCP) should commission review articles on recent developments where no suitable published material exists. Academic departments should also be invited to identify or develop self-assessment material that members could use to reinforce their learning, and demonstrate their knowledge to relevant professional bodies. The Clinical Section should organize Symposia and Workshops at which contentious issues in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics can be discussed and resolved.

Mucklow JC

2001-07-01

131

Musculoskeletal complaints among Italian X-ray technology students: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare professional students. Although recent studies show musculoskeletal disorders are a common problem among X-ray technologists, there are no data on these disorders among students of this healthcare profession. We have therefore estimated the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints among a group of X-ray technology students. Methods The students (n = 109) currently attending the 3-year X-ray technologist school at a large University in the Apulia region of Southern Italy were recruited for the study, with a 100% participation rate. A questionnaire collected data concerning personal characteristics, physical exposure during training activities, and the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck, shoulders, low back, hand/wrist and legs. Results The prevalence of complaints in any body site over the previous 12 months was 37%. Low back pain was the most frequently reported symptom (27%), followed by neck (16%), shoulder (11%), leg (8%) and hand/wrist (5%) pain. Poor physical activity was associated with the complaints. Conclusions Our study showed prevalence rates of musculoskeletal complaints among X-ray technology students to be somewhat high, representing about half of those found in Italian technologists. The most common musculoskeletal problem was low back pain, which had also been found in research conducted among nursing students. Our research also showed a significant association between poor physical activity and the presence of musculoskeletal disorders in young university students.

Lorusso Antonio; Vimercati Luigi; L'Abbate Nicola

2010-01-01

132

Potential Pain Management Programmes in primary care. A UK-wide questionnaire and Delphi survey of experts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Most chronic pain patients are treated in primary care and their management is often challenging. Secondary care- or private sector-based Pain Management Programmes (PMPs) offering intensive multidisciplinary approaches have been found to improve participants' physical performance and psychological well-being. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the components and perceived outcomes of multidisciplinary PMPs in the UK and to explore expert health care providers' opinions about important characteristics of an ideal yet practical PMP for delivery in primary care. METHODS: All PMPs in the UK (n = 77), identified through the British Pain Society, were invited to participate. Each PMP was sent a postal questionnaire. We then conducted a modified Delphi survey with 18 pain management experts from a range of professional backgrounds. RESULTS: A representative from 54 (response rate 70.1%) PMPs completed a questionnaire. Most PMPs were delivered in National Health Service outpatient secondary care by physiotherapists (98%), psychologists (94%), pain specialists (61%), nurses (54%) and occupational therapists (52%). There was evidence of reasonably prolonged follow-up of participants and use of a range of clinical outcome measures. Consensus was reached on most components and outcomes of a potential primary care-based PMP. 'Necessary' components included training in, and information about, self-management, general fitness, posture and mobility. Input from a physiotherapist and clinical or health psychologist was identified as key to the PMP. Preferred patient outcome measures were related to emotional well-being, self-efficacy and coping and quality of life. CONCLUSION: Future research should look to design, deliver and evaluate a primary care-based intervention based on these findings.

Torrance N; Smith BH; Elliott AM; Campbell SE; Chambers WA; Hannaford PC; Johnston M

2011-02-01

133

Primary care staff's views and experiences related to routinely advising patients about physical activity. A questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background United Kingdom public health policy has recently re-emphasised the role of primary health care professionals in tackling increasing levels of physical inactivity within the general population. However, little is known about the impact that this has had in practice. This study explores Scottish primary care staff's knowledge, attitudes and experiences associated with advising patients about physical activity during routine consultations. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of general practitioners (or family physicians), practice nurses and health visitors based in four health regions was conducted during 2004. The main outcome measures included: (i) health professionals' knowledge of the current physical activity recommendations; (ii) practice related to routine physical activity advising; and (iii) associated attitudes. Results Questionnaires were returned by 757 primary care staff (response rate 54%). Confidence and enthusiasm for giving advice was generally high, but knowledge of current physical activity recommendations was low. In general, respondents indicated that they routinely discuss and advise patients about physical activity regardless of the presenting condition. Health visitors and practice nurses were more likely than general practitioners to offer routine advice. Lack of time and resources were more likely to be reported as barriers to routine advising by general practitioners than other professional groups. However, health visitors and practice nurses were also more likely than general practitioners to believe that patients would follow their physical activity advice giving. Conclusion If primary health care staff are to be fully motivated and effective in encouraging and supporting the general population to become more physically active, policymakers and health professionals need to engage in efforts to: (1) improve knowledge of current physical activity recommendations and population trends amongst frontline primary care staff; and (2) consider the development of tools to support individual assessment and advice giving to suit individual circumstances. Despite the fact that this study found that system barriers to routine advising were less of a problem than other previous research has indicated, this issue still remains a challenge.

Douglas Flora; Torrance Nicola; van Teijlingen Edwin; Meloni Serena; Kerr Ann

2006-01-01

134

Questionnaire-based survey on distribution and clinical incidence of canine babesiosis in France.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The causative agent of canine babesiosis is the protozoan Babesia canis, transmitted by the tick Dermacentor reticulatus within France. While the parasite can be found everywhere in France however cases of infection are associated with distinct geographical foci. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical occurrence of canine babesiosis diagnosed in veterinary clinics in order to propose an updated map of the disease distribution in France. RESULTS: Questionnaires were sent via email to all canine veterinary clinics in continental France. Information collected included the number of babesiosis cases diagnosed in 2010, the number of veterinary practitioners and the location of the clinic. The total number of dogs and practitioners per administrative department were used to define the reference population. The annual incidence rate of canine babesiosis per department was calculated as the ratio between the number of babesiosis cases reported by the clinics and the total number of dogs in the clinics of the same department. Data were geo-referenced for map construction (Quantum GIS version 1.7.4). The overall annual incidence rate of clinical babesiosis among the surveyed population was 1.07% (CI95 1.05-1.09) with geographical variations between departments, ranging from 0.01% to 16.05%. Four enzootic areas were identified: South-West, Center, East and Paris area. The South-West region should be considered as a hyper-enzootic area with the higher incidence rates. CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed the burden of canine babesiosis in France. In the context of tick-borne disease emergence in Europe, the risk for canine babesiosis may become more significant in other European countries in the coming years.

Halos L; Lebert I; Chao I; Vourc'h G; Ducrot C; Abrial D; Ravier JF; Guillot J

2013-01-01

135

Perceived learning needs of patients with heart failure in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To identify the learning needs of patients with heart failure (HF) in China and to examine the relationships between learning needs and patients' characteristics. BACKGROUND: Little information on the learning needs of patients with HF in China is known. Besides, it is important to identify the potential characteristics that may influence patients' perceived learning needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted in three university affiliated hospitals in Xi'an, Mainland China. A total of 347 HF patients selected by convenience sampling were investigated using the Chinese version of the HF learning needs inventory. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The mean scores rated by Chinese patients with HF were lower than the corresponding scores rated by patients of Western countries. Information on risk factors, prognosis, general HF information and medications were identified as the most important topics while lifestyle modification and psychological factors were regarded as the least important ones. Age negatively correlated with the learning needs on activity (r = -0.125) and prognosis information (r = -0.141). Educational level was significantly related to the learning needs about risk factors. CONCLUSION: Patients with HF in China considered most of the topics important for them to learn. Age and educational level were related with the learning needs on only three topics including activity, prognosis information and risk factors. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The study findings may be used by health professionals to develop tailored educational programme for patients with HF in China.

Yu M; Chair SY; Chan CW; Li X; Choi KC

2012-04-01

136

Occupational Stress in Military Health Settings: A Questionnaire-Based Survey  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Military hospitals play a crucial role in delivery of healthcare services to patients during emergencies. Despite that, limited studies have attempted to characterize factors affecting quality of work life in em­ployees of military health settings. To contribute in filling this gap, this study explored employee occupational stress in a military hospital, situated in the western region of Iran.Methods: A descriptive-analytical study of cross-sectional design was conducted in 2011. All employees work­ing in the 597 Army Hospital (n = 76) were surveyed. Data was collected using questionnaire. Reliability of the scale was ensured by Cronbach’s alpha of 0.94. Descriptive statistics was employed for data summarization. T test and ANOVA were used to compare mean scores of occupational stress between demographic and professional groups.Findings: Occupational stress among employees averaged 46% ranging from 26% to 91%. While 25% of sub­jects reported low occupational stress, 58% showed moderate stress levels, and 17% expressed high stress lev­els. Clinicians showed significantly higher occupational stress as compared with administrative staff (P = 0.029). No significant effect was identified for other demographic and professional characteristics including age, sex, marital status, educational level, and work experience either between entire employees, or between clinicians.Conclusions: By finding considerable or high stress among three forth of the employees, our study support the notion that employees of military hospitals are more prone to occupational stress as compared with the personnel of civilian health set­tings. In addition, expression of higher stress levels by healthcare employees compared to their administrative counterparts shows that working conditions in military health settings are even more stressful for clinical staff. These findings add weight to the urgency of devising coping strategies to alleviate occupational stress in clinicians of military hospitals.

Amin Sarabandi; Hasan Hazarati; Maryam Keykha

2012-01-01

137

The relationship between hospital work environment and nurse outcomes in Guangdong, China: a nurse questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study examines the relationship between hospital work environments and job satisfaction, job-related burnout and intention to leave among nurses in Guangdong province, China. BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage is an urgent global problem and also of concern in China. Studies in Western countries have shown that better work environments are associated with higher nurse satisfaction and lower burnout, thereby improving retention and lowering turnover rates. However, there is little research on the relationship between nurse work environments and nurse outcomes in China. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. Survey data were collected from 1104 bedside nurses in 89 medical, surgical and intensive care units in 21 hospitals across the Guangdong province in China. METHODS: Stratified convenience sampling was used to select hospitals, and systematic sampling was used to select units. All staff nurses working on participating units were surveyed. The China Hospital Nurse Survey, including the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index and Maslach Burnout Inventory, was employed to collect data from nurses. Statistical significance level was set at 0·05. RESULTS: Thirty-seven per cent of the nurses experienced high burnout, and 54% were dissatisfied with their jobs. Improving nurses' work environments from poor to better was associated with a 50% decrease in job dissatisfaction and a 33% decrease in job-related burnout among nurses. CONCLUSION: Burnout and job dissatisfaction are high among hospital nurses in Guangdong province, China. Better work environments for nurses were associated with decreased job dissatisfaction and job-related burnout, which may successfully address the nursing shortage in China. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The findings of this study indicate that improving work environments is essential to deal with the nursing shortage; the findings provide motivation for nurse managers and policy makers to improve work environments of hospital nurses in China.

Liu K; You LM; Chen SX; Hao YT; Zhu XW; Zhang LF; Aiken LH

2012-05-01

138

FOCUS-GROUP AND ITS IMPACT IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF MARKETING RESEARCH ON THE ROMANIAN CAR MARKET  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Designing a questionnaire is the most profound activity which makes an impact on a research in marketing. The investigation instrument finally determines the quality of this type of research. Never will a market research be able to exceed its questionnaire in point of quality. The present contributi...

CRUCERU Gheorghe; SAVOIU Gheorghe; MANEA Constantin

139

Further validation of the peripheral artery questionnaire: results from a peripheral vascular surgery survey in the Netherlands.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with adverse cardiovascular events and can significantly impair patients' health status. Recently, marked methodological improvements in the measurement of PAD patients' health status have been made. The Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ) was specifically developed for this purpose. We validated a Dutch version of the PAQ in a large sample of PAD patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The Dutch PAQ was completed by 465 PAD patients (70% men, mean age 65+/-10 years) participating in the Euro Heart Survey Programme. Principal components analysis and reliability analyses were performed. Convergent validity was documented by comparing the PAQ with EQ-5D scales. RESULTS: Three factors were discerned; Physical Function, Perceived Disability, and Treatment Satisfaction (factor loadings between 0.50 and 0.90). Cronbach's alpha values were excellent (mean alpha=0.94). Shared variance of the PAQ domains with EQ-5D scales ranged from 3 to 50%. CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch PAQ proved to have good measurement qualities; assessment of Physical Function, Perceived Disability, and Treatment Satisfaction facilitates the monitoring of patients' perceived health in clinical research and practice. Measuring disease-specific health status in a reliable way becomes essential in times were a wide array of treatment options are available for PAD patients.

Smolderen KG; Hoeks SE; Aquarius AE; Scholte op Reimer WJ; Spertus JA; van Urk H; Denollet J; Poldermans D

2008-11-01

140

Assessing poisoning risks related to storage of household hazardous materials: using a focus group to improve a survey questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study area selected was Genesee County, Michigan, near Flint, with data to be collected by a phone survey of residents and through the acquisition of county hospital records containing procedure codes indicating treatment for poison emergencies, and review of poison control center data. METHODS: A focus group was used to identify key topics and relationships within these data for improving the phone survey questionnaire and its analysis. RESULTS: The focus group was successful in identifying the key issues with respect to all the data collection objectives, resulting in a significantly shorter and more topically focused survey questionnaire. Execution time of the phone survey decreased from 30 to 12 minutes, and useful relationships between the data were revealed, e.g., the linkage between reading food labels and reading labels on containers containing potentially harmful substances. CONCLUSION: Focus groups and their preparatory planning can help reveal data interrelationships before larger surveys are undertaken. Even where time and budget constraints prevent the ability to conduct a series of focus groups, one successful focus group session can improve survey performance and reduce costs.

Kaufman MM; Smolinske S; Keswick D

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Assessing poisoning risks related to storage of household hazardous materials: using a focus group to improve a survey questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study area selected was Genesee County, Michigan, near Flint, with data to be collected by a phone survey of residents and through the acquisition of county hospital records containing procedure codes indicating treatment for poison emergencies, and review of poison control center data. Methods A focus group was used to identify key topics and relationships within these data for improving the phone survey questionnaire and its analysis. Results The focus group was successful in identifying the key issues with respect to all the data collection objectives, resulting in a significantly shorter and more topically focused survey questionnaire. Execution time of the phone survey decreased from 30 to 12 minutes, and useful relationships between the data were revealed, e.g., the linkage between reading food labels and reading labels on containers containing potentially harmful substances. Conclusion Focus groups and their preparatory planning can help reveal data interrelationships before larger surveys are undertaken. Even where time and budget constraints prevent the ability to conduct a series of focus groups, one successful focus group session can improve survey performance and reduce costs.

Kaufman Martin M; Smolinske Susan; Keswick David

2005-01-01

142

Use of online machine translation for nursing literature: a questionnaire-based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The language barrier is a significant obstacle for nurses who are not native English speakers to obtain information from international journals. Freely accessible online machine translation (MT) offers a possible solution to this problem. AIM: To explore how Japanese nursing professionals use online MT and perceive its usability in reading English articles and to discuss what should be considered for better utilisation of online MT lessening the language barrier. METHOD: In total, 250 randomly selected assistants and research associates at nursing colleges across Japan answered a questionnaire examining the current use of online MT and perceived usability among Japanese nurses, along with the number of articles read in English and the perceived language barrier. The items were rated on Likert scales, and t-test, ANOVA, chi-square test, and Spearman's correlation were used for analyses. RESULTS: Of the participants, 73.8% had used online MT. More than half of them felt it was usable. The language barrier was strongly felt, and academic degrees and English proficiency level were associated factors. The perceived language barrier was related to the frequency of online MT use. No associated factor was found for the perceived usability of online MT. CONCLUSION: Language proficiency is an important factor for optimum utilisation of MT. A need for education in the English language, reading scientific papers, and online MT training was indicated. Cooperation with developers and providers of MT for the improvement of their systems is required.

Anazawa R; Ishikawa H; Takahiro K

2013-01-01

143

Discriminative validity of the Scoliosis Research Society 22 questionnaire among five curve-severity subgroups of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) 22 discriminative validity have lacked sufficiently matched study groups and were limited to a comparison with three or fewer subgroups of disease severity. PURPOSE: To evaluate the discriminative validity of SRS-22 by assessing the questionnaire's ability to discriminate among five groups of pretreatment adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with increasing curve severity. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively administered surveys. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-six SRS-22 questionnaires were issued to two AIS pretreatment patient populations: 67 nonoperative and 219 preoperative. Study subjects were separated into five subgroups depending on the major Cobb angle (nonoperative 0°-19° and 20°-40° and preoperative 41°-50°, 51°-60°, and >60°). Each group (n=31) was matched for age (within 1 year) and sex (23 females and 8 males), resulting in a total of 155 study subjects. Analysis of variance was used to determine statistically significant differences (p<.05) between the five subgroups' domains and total scores. RESULTS: Significant differences between study groups were found within two of the four domains (pain and image) and the total score. Both nonoperative groups (0°-19° and 20°-40°) demonstrated significantly less pain than the preoperative group (41°-50°) and significantly better self-image than all three preoperative groups. Both nonoperative groups' total scores were significantly higher than all three preoperative groups' scores, with the exception of the 20° to 40° subgroup versus the >60° subgroup. No significant differences were found between groups within the same planned treatment category. CONCLUSIONS: The SRS-22 questionnaire demonstrated good discriminative validity between small nonoperative curves and larger surgical curves within the pain, image, and total domains. However, SRS-22 lacked the ability to differentiate between small intervals of curve magnitude, suggesting a limitation to the questionnaire's discriminative capacity. The discriminative validity of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) 22 has not been clearly defined. Our analysis of 155 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients evaluates the instrument's discriminative validity among five age- and sex-matched curve-severity subgroups. The SRS-22 questionnaire lacked the ability to differentiate between small intervals of curve magnitude, suggesting a limit to the questionnaire's discriminative capacity.

Berliner JL; Verma K; Lonner BS; Penn PU; Bharucha NJ

2013-02-01

144

Views of junior doctors about whether their medical school prepared them well for work: questionnaire surveys  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The transition from medical student to junior doctor in postgraduate training is a critical stage in career progression. We report junior doctors' views about the extent to which their medical school prepared them for their work in clinical practice. Methods Postal questionnaires were used to survey the medical graduates of 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2005, from all UK medical schools, one year after graduation, and graduates of 2000, 2002 and 2005 three years after graduation. Summary statistics, chi-squared tests, and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the results. The main outcome measure was the level of agreement that medical school had prepared the responder well for work. Results Response rate was 63.7% (11610/18216) in year one and 60.2% (8427/13997) in year three. One year after graduation, 36.3% (95% CI: 34.6, 38.0) of 1999/2000 graduates, 50.3% (48.5, 52.2) of 2002 graduates, and 58.2% (56.5, 59.9) of 2005 graduates agreed their medical school had prepared them well. Conversely, in year three agreement fell from 48.9% (47.1, 50.7) to 38.0% (36.0, 40.0) to 28.0% (26.2, 29.7). Combining cohorts at year one, percentages who agreed that they had been well prepared ranged from 82% (95% CI: 79-87) at the medical school with the highest level of agreement to 30% (25-35) at the lowest. At year three the range was 70% to 27%. Ethnicity and sex were partial predictors of doctors' level of agreement; following adjustment for them, substantial differences between schools remained. In years one and three, 30% and 34% of doctors specified that feeling unprepared had been a serious or medium-sized problem for them (only 3% in each year regarded it as serious). Conclusions The vast knowledge base of clinical practice makes full preparation impossible. Our statement about feeling prepared is simple yet discriminating and identified some substantial differences between medical schools. Medical schools need feedback from graduates about elements of training that could be improved.

Goldacre Michael J; Taylor Kathryn; Lambert Trevor W

2010-01-01

145

Home delivery and newborn care practices among urban women in western Nepal: a questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at home and newborn care practices in urban areas of Nepal is lacking and such information will be useful for policy makers. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the immunisation clinics of Pokhara city, western Nepal during January and February, 2006. Two trained health workers administered a semi-structured questionnaire to the mothers who had delivered at home. Results A total of 240 mothers were interviewed. Planned home deliveries were 140 (58.3%) and 100 (41.7%) were unplanned. Only 6.2% of deliveries had a skilled birth attendant present and 38 (15.8%) mothers gave birth alone. Only 46 (16.2%) women had used a clean home delivery kit and only 92 (38.3%) birth attendants had washed their hands. The umbilical cord was cut after expulsion of placenta in 154 (64.2%) deliveries and cord was cut using a new/boiled blade in 217 (90.4%) deliveries. Mustard oil was applied to the umbilical cord in 53 (22.1%) deliveries. Birth place was heated throughout the delivery in 88 (64.2%) deliveries. Only 100 (45.8%) newborns were wrapped within 10 minutes and 233 (97.1%) were wrapped within 30 minutes. Majority (93.8%) of the newborns were given a bath soon after birth. Mustard oil massage of the newborns was a common practice (144, 60%). Sixteen (10.8%) mothers did not feed colostrum to their babies. Prelacteal feeds were given to 37(15.2%) newborns. Initiation rates of breast-feeding were 57.9% within one hour and 85.4% within 24 hours. Main reasons cited for delivering at home were 'preference' (25.7%), 'ease and convenience' (21.4%) for planned deliveries while 'precipitate labor' (51%), 'lack of transportation' (18%) and 'lack of escort' during labor (11%) were cited for the unplanned ones. Conclusion High-risk home delivery and newborn care practices are common in urban population also. In-depth qualitative studies are needed to explore the reasons for delivering at home. Community-based interventions are required to improve the number of families engaging a skilled attendant and hygiene during delivery. The high-risk traditional newborn care practices like delayed wrapping, bathing, mustard oil massage, prelacteal feeding and discarding colostrum need to be addressed by culturally acceptable community-based health education programmes.

Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T; Joshi Hari S; Sreekumaran Binu V; Giri Sabitri; Chuni Neena

2006-01-01

146

Statistical study on the self-selection bias in FDG-PET cancer screening by a questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the possible presence of self-selection bias in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) cancer screening (PET cancer screening). Responders to the questionnaires survey consisted of 80 healthy persons, who answered whether they undergo PET cancer screening, health consciousness, age, sex, and smoking history. The univariate and multivariate analyses on the four parameters were performed between the responders who were to undergo PET cancer screening and the responders who were not. Statistically significant difference was found in health consciousness between the above-mentioned two groups by both univariate and multivariate analysis with the odds ratio of 2.088. The study indicated that self-selection bias should exist in PET cancer screening. (author)

2008-01-01

147

"Any other comments?" Open questions on questionnaires – a bane or a bonus to research?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The habitual "any other comments" general open question at the end of structured questionnaires has the potential to increase response rates, elaborate responses to closed questions, and allow respondents to identify new issues not captured in the closed questions. However, we believe that many researchers have collected such data and failed to analyse or present it. Discussion General open questions at the end of structured questionnaires can present a problem because of their uncomfortable status of being strictly neither qualitative nor quantitative data, the consequent lack of clarity around how to analyse and report them, and the time and expertise needed to do so. We suggest that the value of these questions can be optimised if researchers start with a clear understanding of the type of data they wish to generate from such a question, and employ an appropriate strategy when designing the study. The intention can be to generate depth data or 'stories' from purposively defined groups of respondents for qualitative analysis, or to produce quantifiable data, representative of the population sampled, as a 'safety net' to identify issues which might complement the closed questions. Summary We encourage researchers to consider developing a more strategic use of general open questions at the end of structured questionnaires. This may optimise the quality of the data and the analysis, reduce dilemmas regarding whether and how to analyse such data, and result in a more ethical approach to making best use of the data which respondents kindly provide.

O'Cathain Alicia; Thomas Kate J

2004-01-01

148

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22) questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire. Methods Following the steps of cross – cultural adaptation the adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire and a validated Greek version of the SF-36 questionnaire were mailed to 68 patients treated surgically for Idiopathic Scoliosis. 51 out of the 68 patients returned the 1st set of questionnaires, while a second set was emailed to 30 randomly selected patients of the first time responders. 20 out of the 30 patients returned the 2nd set. The mean age at the time of operation was16,2 years and the mean age at the time of evaluation was 21,2 years. Descriptive statistics for content analysis were calculated. Reliability assessment was determined by estimating Cronbach's ? and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing SRS-22 domains with relevant domains in the SF-36 questionnaire using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (r). Results The calculated Cronbach's ? of internal consistency for three of the corresponding domains (pain 0.85; mental health 0.87; self image 0.83) were very satisfactory and for two domains (function/activity 0.72 and satisfaction 0.67) were good. The ICC of all domains of SRS-22 questionnaire was high (ICC>0.70), demonstrating very satisfactory or excellent test/retest reproducibility. Considering concurrent validity all correlations were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level among related domains and generally demonstrated high correlation coefficient. Conclusion The adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire is valid and reliable and can be used for the assessment of the outcome of the treatment of the Greek speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis.

Antonarakos Petros D; Katranitsa Labrini; Angelis Lefteris; Paganas Aristofanis; Koen Errikos M; Christodoulou Evangelos A; Christodoulou Anastasios G

2009-01-01

149

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. Results The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. Conclusion The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou Mamas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Pavlakis Andreas; Maniadakis Nikos; Fragoulakis Vasilis; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

150

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sample of 1,463 physicians in Greece and 240 physicians in Cyprus, stratified by sex, specialty and geographic region. RESULTS: The response rate was 82.3% in Greece and 80.4% in Cyprus. There were similarities but also many differences between the countries. Clinical effectiveness is the most important factor considered in drug prescription choice in both countries. Greek physicians were significantly more likely to take additional criteria under consideration, such as the drug form and recommended daily dose and the individual patient preferences. The list of main sources of information for physicians includes: peer-reviewed medical journals, medical textbooks, proceedings of conferences and pharmaceutical sales representatives. Only half of prescribers considered the cost carried by their patients. The majority of doctors in both countries agreed that the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of generic drugs may not be excellent but it is acceptable. However, only Cypriot physicians actually prescribe them. Physicians believe that new drugs are not always better and their higher prices are not necessarily justified. Finally, doctors get information regarding adverse drug reactions primarily from the National Organisation for Medicines. However, it is notable that the majority of them do not inform the authorities on such reactions. CONCLUSION: The present study highlights the attitudes and the factors influencing physician behaviour in the two countries and may be used for developing policies to improve their choices and hence to increase clinical and economic effectiveness and efficiency.

Theodorou M; Tsiantou V; Pavlakis A; Maniadakis N; Fragoulakis V; Pavi E; Kyriopoulos J

2009-01-01

151

A new questionnaire and model for research into the impact of work and the work environment on employee health  

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Full Text Available The research questions of this study were “Are there other organizational conditions or dimensions that generate ill health and that can complement the work-environment dimensions previously employed, and, if so, what are they, and how do they relate to earlier dimensions and employee health? A new survey questionnaire was built on a critical analysis of the demand–control–support model and the effort–reward imbalance model. Interviews carried out in eight strategically selected focus groups, along with one expert interview and one case study, made up the qualitative basis for the development of the new questions. The results from a pilot study involving a nationally representative sample provided the basis for the work and workplace dimensions studied and the construction of the hypothetical “causal” model. Factors of work and the workplace had an impact on employees’ stress symptoms and health. However, only “demands” and “humanity and social support” had a direct connection.

Gabriel Oxenstierna; Maria Widmark; Kristina Finnholm; Stig Elofsson

2008-01-01

152

Job satisfaction and turnover intent of primary healthcare nurses in rural South Africa: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: This paper is a report of a correlational study of the relationships between demographic variables, job satisfaction, and turnover intent among primary healthcare nurses in a rural area of South Africa. BACKGROUND: Health systems in Southern Africa face a nursing shortage fuelled by migration, but research on job satisfaction and turnover intent of primary healthcare nurses remains poorly described. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with survey design was conducted in 2005 in all local primary healthcare clinics, including nurses on duty at the time of visit (n = 143). Scale development, anova, Spearman's rank correlation, and logistic regression were applied. RESULTS: Nurses reported satisfaction with work content and coworker relationships and dissatisfaction with pay and work conditions. Half of all nurses considered turnover within two years, of whom three in ten considered moving overseas. Job satisfaction was statistically significantly associated with unit tenure (P < 0·05), professional rank (P < 0·01) and turnover intent (P < 0·01). Turnover intent was statistically significantly explained by job satisfaction, age and education (P < 0·001), with younger and higher educated nurses being more likely to show turnover intent. Satisfaction with supervision was the only facet significantly explaining turnover intent when controlling for age, education, years of nursing and unit tenure (P < 0·001). CONCLUSION: Strategies aimed at improving job satisfaction and retention of primary healthcare nurses in rural South Africa should rely not only on financial rewards and improved work conditions but also on adequate human resource management.

Delobelle P; Rawlinson JL; Ntuli S; Malatsi I; Decock R; Depoorter AM

2011-02-01

153

78 FR 23743 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting Research AGENCY: Census...conduct a variety of small-scale questionnaire pretesting activities under this generic...Bureau and survey sponsors to improve questionnaires and procedures, reduce...

2013-04-22

154

The viability of crowdsourcing for survey research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Online contract labor portals (i.e., crowdsourcing) have recently emerged as attractive alternatives to university participant pools for the purposes of collecting survey data for behavioral research. However, prior research has not provided a thorough examination of crowdsourced data for organizational psychology research. We found that, as compared with a traditional university participant pool, crowdsourcing respondents were older, were more ethnically diverse, and had more work experience. Additionally, the reliability of the data from the crowdsourcing sample was as good as or better than the corresponding university sample. Moreover, measurement invariance generally held across these groups. We conclude that the use of these labor portals is an efficient and appropriate alternative to a university participant pool, despite small differences in personality and socially desirable responding across the samples. The risks and advantages of crowdsourcing are outlined, and an overview of practical and ethical guidelines is provided. PMID:21437749

Behrend, Tara S; Sharek, David J; Meade, Adam W; Wiebe, Eric N

2011-09-01

155

The viability of crowdsourcing for survey research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Online contract labor portals (i.e., crowdsourcing) have recently emerged as attractive alternatives to university participant pools for the purposes of collecting survey data for behavioral research. However, prior research has not provided a thorough examination of crowdsourced data for organizational psychology research. We found that, as compared with a traditional university participant pool, crowdsourcing respondents were older, were more ethnically diverse, and had more work experience. Additionally, the reliability of the data from the crowdsourcing sample was as good as or better than the corresponding university sample. Moreover, measurement invariance generally held across these groups. We conclude that the use of these labor portals is an efficient and appropriate alternative to a university participant pool, despite small differences in personality and socially desirable responding across the samples. The risks and advantages of crowdsourcing are outlined, and an overview of practical and ethical guidelines is provided.

Behrend TS; Sharek DJ; Meade AW; Wiebe EN

2011-09-01

156

Questionnaire-based survey on the clinical management of canine leishmaniosis in the Madrid region (central Spain).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper describes a questionnaire designed to gain information on how veterinarians clinically manage canine leishmaniosis (CanL) in the Madrid region (central Spain). The present survey is one of the several similar questionnaire-based surveys conducted within the framework of the project EDEN (Emerging Diseases in a changing European eNvironment). The questionnaire sought to obtain data regarding the main clinical manifestations observed, the diagnostic methods used and the preventive measures recommended. Its Spanish version was sent by post to veterinary practitioners within the study area in two lots, one sent out in December 2006 and the other in March 2007. Only 174 of the 760 questionnaires sent were completed and returned (reply rate of 23%). Among the completed questionnaires, clinics differed widely in terms of features such as the habitats of the dogs (urban, peri-urban or rural) and patient volumes. Clinics attending dogs from peri-urban/rural habitats reported more suspected (p<0.001), confirmed (p=0.001) and newly diagnosed (p=0.001) cases/year than clinics providing service to a city clientele alone. According to the veterinary practitioners, skin lesions, lymphadenomegaly and weight loss were commonly observed, although these signs are not specific to CanL. Signs described to be of high diagnostic value were epistaxis and kidney disease. All the veterinarians polled reported that a suspicion of Leishmania infantum infection was confirmed by at least a serological method; the immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) being the technique most used. To prevent the disease, most vets recommended topical synthetic pyrethroids applied as impregnated collars or spot-ons. It is observed that despite considerable progress is being made in clinical management and controlling the disease, in Madrid Region its incidence continues to increase.

Gálvez R; Miró G; Descalzo MA; Molina R

2011-10-01

157

Research on Science and Technology Surveys and Statistics  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on Science and Technology Surveys and Statistics S&T Workforce, Funding, Impacts, Outputs ... Program Title: Research on Science and Technology Surveys and Statistics S&T Workforce, Funding ...

158

Acceptance of hospital nurses toward sensor-based medication systems: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Sensor-based technologies offer numerous benefits in hospital environments as they can be used (1) to improve efficiency defined processes and (2) to monitor their conduction in order to prevent errors. However, the impact of these technologies on the stakeholders involved such as professional ward nurses is largely unexplored. The early assessment of technology acceptance and user resistance is crucial to anticipate potential conflicts and to improve future implementation success. OBJECTIVES: To understand the attitudes and intentions of usage of professional ward nurses toward sensor-based medication systems based on an adjusted extended technology acceptance model (TAM2) in a pre-implementation stage. DESIGN: A scenario-based research design was used in a nation-wide empirical study. SETTINGS: Nurses of Australian associations/unions evaluated a scenario of a sensor-based medication support system. PARTICIPANTS: A randomly selected sample of 579 professional ward nurses participated in this study. METHODS: Data were collected using an online questionnaire and explored using hierarchical regression analysis. RESULTS: The majority of nurses intend to use the system but 25% - not voluntarily. 8% reject the system entirely. In assessing the nurses' perceived usefulness, image, demonstrability, qualitative and quantitative overload as well as personal innovativeness were found to have a significant impact. Qualitative and quantitative overload also have a significant negative effect on personal innovativeness. Regarding the nurses' usage intention, we identified a significant negative influence of subjective norm, moderated by experience and a positive effect of perceived usefulness on intention to use the system. Image, qualitative and quantitative overload as well as personal innovativeness are significantly influenced by age. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support a successful implementation of medication support systems in hospitals by stating acceptance drivers and barriers. Nurses' adoption is promoted once a high degree of perceived usefulness is achieved by result demonstrability, a positive image of the technology and a high degree of personal innovativeness. Image and innovativeness are moderated by age, showing that an increase in age leads to an increase in user resistance toward the perceived usefulness of the envisioned medication support systems. Future studies should investigate these barriers in further stages of implementation to extend understanding of sensor-based medication system acceptance.

Kummer TF; Schäfer K; Todorova N

2013-04-01

159

A questionnaire survey of UK physiotherapists on the diagnosis and management of contracted (frozen) shoulder.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To gain insights into the diagnosis and management of contracted (frozen) shoulder (CFS) in a sample of UK physiotherapists, underpinning the development of evidence-based clinical guidelines. METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire was developed and distributed via iCSP, targeting physiotherapists who treat CFS. For treatments, respondents were invited to consider 'pain-predominant' and 'stiffness-predominant' scenarios, choose from listed treatment options, and specify any unlisted conservative options they might consider. Frequency analysis was used for closed-ended questions, and content analysis was used for open-ended questions. RESULTS: In total, 289 valid responses were received. All respondents thought that movement restriction informed diagnosis. Of those specifying the manner of testing movements, 98% (121/123) included passive testing. Of those describing specific patterns of restriction, 71% (93/131) emphasised external rotation. Fifty-four percent (152/282) of valid respondents would consider suggesting/requesting imaging investigations, usually to exclude bony abnormalities. For treatment, only 46 respondents reported considering any unlisted conservative options, usually liaison regarding medication. For pain-predominant CFS, the preferred physiotherapeutic options were advice/education (96%; 277/288), injection (80%; 230/288), gentle exercise (79%; 228/288), superficial heat/cold (69%; 199/288) and acupuncture (68%; 196/288). For stiffness-predominant CFS, the preferred options were stretching (93%; 268/288), advice/education (88%; 252/288), joint mobilisations (87%; 250/288), function-based exercises (75%; 216/288) and hands-on soft-tissue techniques (59%; 170/288). Some dissociation was noted between clinical practice and research evidence. Eighty-five percent (253/284) of respondents would consider referring for an orthopaedic opinion. CONCLUSIONS: Acknowledging restricted passive external rotation (vs the capsular pattern) as diagnostic of CFS would standardise and might improve the clinical aspect of diagnosis. The value of X-rays in differential diagnosis was under-recognised. Modalities used to treat CFS were dichotomised by pain-predominant and stiffness-predominant classifications, which may be more useful than existing classifications.

Hanchard NC; Goodchild L; Thompson J; O'Brien T; Davison D; Richardson C

2011-06-01

160

Work environment and workforce problems: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of hospital nurses in Belgium  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: This study investigated Belgian hospital nurses' perceptions on work environment and workforce issues, quality of care, job satisfaction and professional decision making. Methods: All eligible nurses in a selection of 22 hospitals received the BELIMAGE questionnaire for a total of 13,958...

Milisen, Koen; Dierckx de Casterle, Bernadette; Abraham, Ivo; Siebens, Kaat; Darras, Elisabeth

 
 
 
 
161

International cross-cultural field validation of an European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire module for patients with primary liver cancer, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaire HCC18  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This international field validation study examined the psychometric properties and clinical validity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaire module for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the EORTC quality-of-life questionnaire (QLQ)-HCC18. The EORTC QLQ-H...

Chie, WC; Blazeby, JM; Hsiao, CF; Chiu, HC; Poon, RT; Mikoshiba, N; AlKadhimi, G; Heaton, N; Calara, J; Collins, P; Caddick, K

162

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS FROM FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA REGARDING THEIR MOTIVATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years there has been a significant increase in the number and value of projects implemented by medical universities in Bulgaria. The involvement of representatives of the student community in the research teams increases their knowledge and skills and in this way they also gain experience in team work and become motivated to further develop their science careers. Aim: The purpose of our study is by analyzing data from our questionnaire to examine the level of students’ willingness to participate in research project activities performed by Bulgarian faculties of Dental Medicine. Material and methods: The written examination technique has been applied as a primary empirical sociological information registration method. For that purpose a 13-question survey (questionnaire) has been prepared. The survey is anonymous and it has been completed by 190 students in their 4th and 5th year of studying in medical universities in Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. Data was collected during the period from January to May 2013. Results: In order for us to achieve the goal of this study we focused on the questions from the questionnaire.Conclusion: The role that research projects play in medical universities and in particular in the faculties of dental medicine in Bulgaria is of key importance for their accreditation. The scientific cooperation between lecturers and students is a prerequisite for developing a competitive environment that defines the future scientific achievements in the relevant research institution.

Svetoslav Garov; Maria Dencheva; Angelina Kisselova

2013-01-01

163

Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases), we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948) and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796) test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1) Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2) Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

Büssing A; Girke M; Heckmann C; Schad F; Ostermann T; Kröz M

2009-01-01

164

The Need for Guidelines for the Practice of Hemodialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Questionnaire Survey  

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Full Text Available Hemodialysis remains the most widely used form of renal replacement therapy world-wide. In view of the large number of patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia, it was felt to have some sort of guidelines to standardize dialysis delivery in the Kingdom. We performed a survey on various aspects of dialysis delivery. A detailed questionnaire was sent to 120 hemodialysis centers in the Kingdom and response was obtained from 55 (45.8%). The questionnaire consisted of questions for which answer on the present situation and ideal recommendation were sought. With these data, it is hoped to have proper guidelines that can be laid down to assist the practicing nephrologists in the Kingdom in optimizing dialysis delivery.

Al-Khader Abdullah; Ramprasad K; Shaheen Faissal

2001-01-01

165

Cross-cultural adaptation of a tobacco questionnaire for Punjabi, Cantonese, Urdu and Sylheti speakers: qualitative research for better clinical practice, cessation services and research.  

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Objective: To develop cross-culturally valid and comparable questionnaires for use in clinical practice, tobacco cessation services and multiethnic surveys on tobacco use. Methods: Key questions in Urdu, Cantonese, Punjabi and Sylheti on tobacco use were compiled from the best existing surveys. Addi...

Hanna, L; Hunt, S; Bhopal, Raj

166

Collection of Indigenous Knowledge and Identification of Endangered Medicinal Plants by Questionnaire Survey in Barind Tract of Bangladesh  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with over one hundred plants of ethnobotanical importance, used by the village doctors especially village kaviraj of Barind Tract for medicinal purposes.This work aims at the preservation and perpetuation of this knowledge of the local plants possessing medicinal properties for the benefit and further fruitful investigation on modern scientific lines and also identification of endangered medicinal plants by questionnaire survey.The data presented in this paper has been collected by personal contact with the local people and herbal practitioners, obtaining the information with great difficulty because of their recticence in divulging the secret of the identity of plants of great traditional reputation.

N.A. Siddique; M.A. Bari; A.T.M. Naderuzzaman; N. Khatun; M.H. Rahman

2004-01-01

167

Bridging the gaps among research, policy and practice in ten low- and middle-income countries: Development and testing of questionnaire for health-care providers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The reliability and validity of instruments used to survey health-care providers' views about and experiences with research evidence have seldom been examined. Methods Country teams from ten low- and middle-income countries (China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senegal and Tanzania) participated in the development, translation, pilot-testing and administration of a questionnaire designed to measure health-care providers' views and activities related to improving their clinical practice and their awareness of, access to and use of research evidence, as well as changes in their clinical practice that they attribute to particular sources of research evidence that they have used. We use internal consistency as a measure of the questionnaire's reliability and, whenever possible, we use explanatory factor analyses to assess the degree to which questions that pertain to a single domain actually address common themes. We assess the questionnaire's face validity and content validity and, to a lesser extent, we also explore its criterion validity. Results The questionnaire has high internal consistency, with Cronbach's alphas between 0.7 and 0.9 for 16 of 20 domains and sub-domains (identified by factor analyses). Cronbach's alphas are greater than 0.9 for two domains, suggesting some item redundancy. Pre- and post-field work assessments indicate the questionnaire has good face validity and content validity. Our limited assessment of criterion validity shows weak but statistically significant associations between the general influence of research evidence among providers and more specific measures of providers' change in approach to preventing or treating a clinical condition. Conclusion Our analysis points to a number of strengths of the questionnaire - high internal consistency (reliability) and good face and content validity - but also to areas where it can be shortened without losing important conceptual domains.

Guindon G Emmanuel; Lavis John N; Boupha Boungnong; Shi Guang; Sidibe Mintou; Turdaliyeva Botagoz

2010-01-01

168

Identifying type and determinants of missing items in quality of life questionnaires: Application to the SF-36 French version of the 2003 Decennial Health Survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Missing items are common in quality of life (QoL) questionnaires and present a challenge for research in this field. The development of sound strategies of replacement and prevention requires accurate knowledge of their type and determinants. Methods We used the 2003 French Decennial Health Survey of a representative sample of the general population -- including 22,620 adult subjects who completed the SF-36 questionnaire-- to test various socio-demographic, health status and QoL variables as potential predictors of missingness. We constructed logistic regression models for each SF-36 item to identify independent predictors and classify them according to Little and Rubin ("missing completely at random", "missing at random" and "missing not at random"). Results The type of missingness was missing at random for half of the items of the SF-36 and missing not at random for the others. None of the items were missing completely at random. Independent predictors of missingness were age, female sex, low scores on the SF-36 subscales and in some cases low educational level, occupation, nationality and poor health status. Conclusion This study of the SF-36 shows that imputation of missing items is necessary and emphasizes several factors for missingness that should be considered in prevention strategies of missing data. Similar methodologies could be applied to item missingness in other QoL questionnaires.

Peyre Hugo; Coste Joël; Leplège Alain

2010-01-01

169

Opinions on registering trial details: a survey of academic researchers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO) has established a set of items related to study design and administrative information that should build the minimum set of data in a study register. A more comprehensive data set for registration is currently developed by the Ottawa Group. Since nothing is known about the attitudes of academic researchers towards prospective study registration, we surveyed academic researchers about their opinion regarding the registration of study details proposed by the WHO and the Ottawa Group. Methods This was a web-based survey of academic researchers currently running an investigator-initiated clinical study which is registered with clinicaltrials.gov. In July 2006 we contacted 1299 principal investigators of clinical studies by e-mail explaining the purpose of the survey and a link to access a 52-item questionnaire based on the proposed minimum data set by the Ottawa Group. Two reminder e-mails were sent each two weeks apart. Association between willingness to disclose study details and study phase was assessed using the chi-squared test for trend. To explore the potential influence of non-response bias we used logistic regression to assess associations between factors associated with non-response and the willingness to register study details. Results Overall response was low as only 282/1299 (22%) principal investigators participated in the survey. Disclosing study documents, in particular the study protocol and financial agreements, was found to be most problematic with only 31% of respondents willing to disclose these publicly. Consequently, only 34/282 (12%) agreed to disclose all details proposed by the Ottawa Group. Logistic regression indicated no association between characteristics of non-responders and willingness to disclose details. Conclusion Principal investigators of non-industry sponsored studies are reluctant to disclose all data items proposed by the Ottawa Group. Disclosing the study protocol and financial agreements was found to be most problematic. Future discussions on trial registration should not only focus on industry but also on academic researchers.

Scherer Martin; Trelle Sven

2008-01-01

170

Measuring relational aspects of hospital care in England with the 'Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation' (PEECH) survey questionnaire.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To first, validate in English hospitals the internal structure of the 'Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation' (PEECH) survey tool which was developed in Australia and, second, to examine how it may deepen the understanding of patient experience through comparison with results from the Picker Patient Experience Questionnaire (PPE-15). DESIGN: A 48-item survey questionnaire comprising both PEECH and PPE-15 was fielded. We performed exploratory factor analysis and then confirmatory factor analysis using a number of established fit indices. The external validity of the PEECH factor scores was compared across four participating services and at the patient level, factor scores were correlated with the PPE-15. SETTING: Four hospital services (an Emergency Admissions Unit; a maternity service; a Medicine for the Elderly department and a Haemato-oncology service) that contrasted in terms of the reported patient experience performance. PARTICIPANTS: Selection of these acute service settings was based on achieving variation of the following factors: teaching hospital/district general hospital, urban/rural locality and high-performing/low-performing organisations (using results of annual national staff and patient surveys). A total of 423 surveys were completed by patients (26% response rate). RESULTS: A different internal structure to the PEECH instrument emerged in English hospitals. However, both the existing and new factor models were similar in terms of fit. The correlations between the new PEECH factors and the PPE-15 were all in the expected direction, but two of the new factors (personal interactions and feeling valued) were more strongly associated with the PPE-15 than the remaining two factors (feeling informed and treated as an individual). CONCLUSIONS: PEECH can help to build an understanding of complex interpersonal aspects of quality of care, alongside the more transactional and functional aspects typically captured by PPE-15. Further testing of the combined instrument should be undertaken in a wider range of healthcare settings.

Murrells T; Robert G; Adams M; Morrow E; Maben J

2013-01-01

171

A questionnaire survey of poultry layer farmers in Khartoum State, Sudan, to study their antimicrobial awareness and usage patterns.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An initial census of layer farms in Khartoum State, Sudan, was carried out in late 2007 and early 2008 and found that there were 252 layer farms with a total population of 2 221 800 birds. This paper reports the findings of the census. Based on this information, a structured questionnaire survey of 92 farms was then conducted in the state in April 2008 to collect data on antibiotic usage, demographic data and public health awareness. Ninety-eight per cent of participating farms comprised open-sided houses. It was found that 49% of the farms surveyed were on antibiotic treatment when the survey was conducted, whilst 59% of the farms had used antibiotics within the last 3 months. The study found that farmers and producers had a lack of knowledge about antimicrobial residues, their withdrawal periods and the risk posed by the consumption of these residues. The study also concluded that traditional farming systems in Sudan relied heavily on antimicrobial medication to control disease and almost half of the farms surveyed were treating their flocks with antimicrobials. In addition to this, there was a lack of disease control programmes which probably resulted in a massive use of antibiotics to control endemic diseases. This was further compounded by the absence of governmental supervision and control on the use of drugs.

Sirdar MM; Picard J; Bisschop S; Gummow B

2012-01-01

172

A questionnaire survey of poultry layer farmers in Khartoum State, Sudan, to study their antimicrobial awareness and usage patterns  

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Full Text Available An initial census of layer farms in Khartoum State, Sudan, was carried out in late 2007 and early 2008 and found that there were 252 layer farms with a total population of 2 221 800 birds. This paper reports the findings of the census. Based on this information, a structured questionnaire survey of 92 farms was then conducted in the state in April 2008 to collect data on antibiotic usage, demographic data and public health awareness. Ninety-eight per cent of participating farms comprised open-sided houses. It was found that 49% of the farms surveyed were on antibiotic treatment when the survey was conducted, whilst 59% of the farms had used antibiotics within the last 3 months. The study found that farmers and producers had a lack of knowledge about antimicrobial residues, their withdrawal periods and the risk posed by the consumption of these residues. The study also concluded that traditional farming systems in Sudan relied heavily on antimicrobial medication to control disease and almost half of the farms surveyed were treating their flocks with antimicrobials. In addition to this, there was a lack of disease control programmes which probably resulted in a massive use of antibiotics to control endemic diseases. This was further compounded by the absence of governmental supervision and control on the use of drugs.

Mohamed M. Sirdar; Jackie Picard; Shahn Bisschop; Bruce Gummow

2012-01-01

173

Questionnaire survey of current status and reserve for breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture. Achievement of a 50% participation rate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mie Medical Network of Breast Cancer Screening, a NPO, was assigned the task of breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in April, 2010. For breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in 2009, a questionnaire survey was performed toward both consigner and consignee. Consigners were local public offices managing breast cancer screening for local inhabitants, and consignees were facilities offering breast cancer screening. The number of breast cancer screening was investigated toward all 29 of consigners in Mie prefecture. The questionnaire survey was conducted toward all 52 of the facilities possessing mammography systems (breast cancer screening being performed at 48 of them) in Mie prefecture in 2009. We investigated the predictive additional number of breast cancer screening and also investigated the requisite number of staff to achieve the predictive maximum number of breast cancer screening. As a result, the total number of breast cancer screenings was 93,525, and the participation rate was 27.5% which was calculated by reduction of continuator in Mie prefecture in 2009. The continuator accounted for over 30% of all breast cancer screenings. The predictive additional number was 126,950, this indicates that a possible participation rate of 75.2% after 2011. To achieve this high participation rate, active support is essential for short-handed facilities, and about 20% increase of medical staff is necessary. To achieve a participation rate of over 50% as a goal, new screenees should be recruited and breast cancer screening of every other year should be enlightened. (author)

2012-01-01

174

Use of the survey questionnaire as an aid in aggregate mine planning and post-mining land use determination  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The need for more effective mining and post-mining land use planning has become increasingly important--especially in or near urban areas. The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the usefulness of the survey questionnaire as an aid in aggregate mine planning and post-mining land use determination. A site in Decatur, Illinois was chosen for use as a case study because of its proximity to a residential area. Through use of a survey questionnaire it was found that conflicting or opposing perceptions existed between the operator and adjacent residents as to the positive and negative potentials created by aggregate mining at this site. While the operator did not believe that the aggregate surface mining industry destroyed the beauty of the natural and man-made landscape, a majority of adjacent residents believed that it did. The post-mining land uses considered by a majority of adjacent residents to be acceptable and most beneficial to the community differed from the one chosen by the operator. 60 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

Kruckenberg, C.R.

1988-07-01

175

Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. Methods Data were collected from 140 midwives working in the public sector all over Cyprus by the Greek Version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Labor version. Results One hundred and six (75.71%) registered midwives completed the questionnaire fully. The median of total work experience as a registered midwife was 3 years (IQR: 2-18.25); whereas the median of total working experience in the nursing and maternity units was 5 years (IQR: 2-21.75). Experienced midwives rated the following domains higher: team work, safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the midwives with less experience. Additionally those with a longer working life in the current maternity units rated these domains higher: safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the less experienced midwives. Conclusions The high mean total score on team work and safety climate in the more experienced group of midwives is a predominant finding for the maternity units of Cyprus. In Cyprus where facilities are small in size and midwives know each other, share more responsibility towards patient safety. It could be suggested that younger midwives need more support and teamwork practice to enhance the safety and teamwork climate towards self-confidence.

Raftopoulos Vasilios; Savva Nicos; Papadopoulou Maria

2011-01-01

176

Questionnaire survey on the continuity of home oxygen therapy after a disaster with power outages.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, oxygen-dependent patients in areas experiencing power outages could not continue home oxygen therapy (HOT) without oxygen cylinders. The purpose of this study was to examine use of oxygen cylinders in areas experiencing power outages and the effects of HOT interruption on patients' health. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 1106 oxygen-dependent patients and HOT-prescribing physicians in Akita, near the disaster-stricken area. We investigated patients' actions when unable to use an oxygen concentrator and classified the patients based on oxygen cylinder use. Patients who experienced an interruption of or reduction in oxygen flow rate by their own judgment were assigned to the "interruption" and "reduction" groups, respectively; those who maintained their usual flow rate were assigned to the "continuation" group. Differences were tested using analysis of variance and the ?2 tests. RESULTS: In total, 599 patients responded to the questionnaire. Oxygen cylinders were supplied to 574 patients (95.8%) before their oxygen cylinders were depleted. Comparison of the continuation (n=356), reduction (n=64), and interruption (n=154) groups showed significant differences in family structure (p=0.004), underlying disease (p=0.014), oxygen flow rate (p<0.001), situation regarding use (p<0.001), knowledge of HOT (p<0.001), and anxiety about oxygen supply (p<0.001). There were no differences in changes in physical condition. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients could receive oxygen cylinders after the disaster. Some patients discontinued their usual oxygen therapy, but their overall health status was not affected.

Sato K; Morita R; Tsukamoto K; Sato N; Sasaki Y; Asano M; Okuda Y; Miura H; Sano M; Kosaka T; Watanabe H; Shioya T; Ito H

2013-03-01

177

Dysmenorrhoea and self-care behaviours among hospital nurses: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate self-care behaviours and its predictors for dysmenorrhoea among hospital nurses. BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is an important issue in hospital nurses for its influence on job performance and quality of patient care. Given the difficulties in reorganising work schedule for taking menstrual leave in Taiwan, it is necessary to improve the comfort level of nurses during menstruation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlation study using a structured questionnaire. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select two hospitals in Southern Taiwan, and participants were recruited by random sampling method. Questionnaire used in the study contained personal information, Dysmenorrheic Knowledge Scale, Menstrual Attitude Scale and Dysmenorrheic Self-Care Behavior Scale (DSCBS). Two hundred and ninety-seven participants had experienced dysmenorrhoea in the last six months, with the prevalence rate of 70·7%. RESULTS: Results showed the average age of the participants was 30·3 years, and 252 participants (82·4%) self-perceived they were bothered by dysmenorrhoea. The score of DSCBS was 29·9 (±5·3). The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed the predictors of DSCBS included whether the participants (1) were married, (2) had irregular menstruation, (3) had received health education on dysmenorrhoea, (4) visited doctor for dysmenorrhoea, (5) knew they may take menstrual leave and (6) were identified with menstruation as a natural event. The r(2) was 18·4%. CONCLUSIONS: Hospital nurses' self-care behaviour for dysmenorrhoea is suggested to be improved through enhanced peer support and caring. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The prevalence rate of dysmenorrhoea among hospital nurses is high. Most of them take analgesics to reduce pain to return to work. We recommend hospitals to provide women-friendly workplace and empowerment activities to improve the self-care ability and comfort level of nurses during menstruation.

Chiu MH; Wang HH; Hsu SC; Liu IP

2013-05-01

178

Dysmenorrhoea and self-care behaviours among hospital nurses: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate self-care behaviours and its predictors for dysmenorrhoea among hospital nurses. BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhoea is an important issue in hospital nurses for its influence on job performance and quality of patient care. Given the difficulties in reorganising work schedule for taking menstrual leave in Taiwan, it is necessary to improve the comfort level of nurses during menstruation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlation study using a structured questionnaire. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select two hospitals in Southern Taiwan, and participants were recruited by random sampling method. Questionnaire used in the study contained personal information, Dysmenorrheic Knowledge Scale, Menstrual Attitude Scale and Dysmenorrheic Self-Care Behavior Scale (DSCBS). Two hundred and ninety-seven participants had experienced dysmenorrhoea in the last six months, with the prevalence rate of 70·7%. RESULTS: Results showed the average age of the participants was 30·3 years, and 252 participants (82·4%) self-perceived they were bothered by dysmenorrhoea. The score of DSCBS was 29·9 (±5·3). The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed the predictors of DSCBS included whether the participants (1) were married, (2) had irregular menstruation, (3) had received health education on dysmenorrhoea, (4) visited doctor for dysmenorrhoea, (5) knew they may take menstrual leave and (6) were identified with menstruation as a natural event. The r(2) was 18·4%. CONCLUSIONS: Hospital nurses' self-care behaviour for dysmenorrhoea is suggested to be improved through enhanced peer support and caring. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The prevalence rate of dysmenorrhoea among hospital nurses is high. Most of them take analgesics to reduce pain to return to work. We recommend hospitals to provide women-friendly workplace and empowerment activities to improve the self-care ability and comfort level of nurses during menstruation. PMID:23714141

Chiu, Min-Hui; Wang, Hsiu-Hung; Hsu, Su-Chen; Liu, I-Ping

2013-05-28

179

Design and analysis of questionnaires for survey skills in chemical engineering  

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Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 21 false false false CA X-NONE X-NONE The new reorganization of university education has involved relevant changes in teaching and learning methodologies in order to help students to learn more effectively and to develop important skills and competences demanded by the professional world. In this sense the new configuration of the degree in Chemical Engineering required the identification of the main general and transferable skills, the implementation of the new teaching and learning strategies necessary to achieve them and, in addition, an evaluation procedure for determining the importance and the degree of development of a student´s skills and competences. In this exercise, two obligatory chemical reactor engineering subjects of the still in effect Chemical Engineering degree were chosen as examples of competence-based learning disciplines. For each one, a significant group of transferable and specific skills were selected to be developed. The identification and selection of skills was made according to the recommendations of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE) together with the established requirements in the ministerial order for the new Chemical Engineering Degree (Ministerial order CIN/351/2009). In order to check the effectiveness of teaching strategies in helping students to acquire these abilities, specific questionnaires were designed. These tests allowed for the utility of the competences in question to be evaluated in terms of the students´ professional work as future chemical engineering graduates and also facilitated the perception of skill development acquired through the methodology implemented in these subjects. The results of the skill evaluation questionnaires revealed the importance that both university collectives (students and professors) give to the development of transferable skills. These skills included the ability to communicate effectively (including in English), to work in multidisciplinary teams and learn on one’s own accord, and to be aware of the need for life-long learning. Furthermore, students and teachers agreed that there is a direct correlation between the higher development of specific skills and the chemical engineering learning outcomes. In this sense, an important effort should be devoted to the development of a students´ transferable skills by way of modifying the current teaching-learning system (partial substitution of lectures with tutorials and seminars, strategies based on problem-solving, projects and case studies (individual or student team-work), use of internet and electronic tools, etc.).

Susana Lucas; Mónica Coca Sanz; Gerardo González Benito; Angel Cartón López; Maite García Cubero

2011-01-01

180

[Quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus--preliminary survey using a short questionnaire. ].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Because the prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been much improved by recent progress in the treatment of this disease, improvement of quality of life (QOL) will be required more and more. However, QOL in SLE has not been well studied in comparison to that in rheumatoid arthritis. Fifty-four patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were asked about healthy feeling, acceptance of disease and the extent of satisfaction with their life. The percentage of patients who gave affirmative answers to healthy feeling, acceptance, and satisfaction was 64, 87, and 50, respectively. These three parameters were correlated with the following factors; 1. physical activity, especially that for daily living, 2. understanding in the family and workplace, and 3. depression and anxiety, whereas acceptance was not correlated with disease activity. Due to having a chronic disease, there are depression and anxiety derived from loss of existence in the family or workplace in their minds. In order to resolve these issues, education and explanation about the disease is needed for the family and society as well as for the patients. Although compliance of the patients in answering the questionnaire was easily obtained, the reliability and reproducibility, and the relationship between the items and the low-ranking factors should be investigated using a larger number of patients.

Funauchi M; Tamaki C; Yamagata T; Nozaki Y; Ikoma S; Sugiyama M; Kinoshita K; Koyama A; Kanamaru A

2005-02-01

 
 
 
 
181

Survey of Vibration Exposure and Musculoskeletal Disorder of Zahedan City Tractor Drivers by Nordics Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Exposure to vibration is the cause of some occupational injuries and diseases. Objective of this study was determination of vibration exposure of tractor drivers and assessment of musculoskeletal disorder. This cross-sectional and descriptive- analytical study was administrated to 95 tractor drivers to census method and measuring induced vibration to the drivers was done in three axis, x, y, and z in tractors with load (10000 liter water), without load, with 10 km/h speed, by the vibration meter instrument “Sevantek”. The information related to musculoskeletal disorder was collected by using Nordic questionnaire. Data from both parts was analyzed by using SPSS. In the over load tractor group and with velocity vibration 10km/h, 50% of workers were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 39.3% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 10.7% in over exposure limit. This results were in the without load tractor group and with the same velocity, 23.8% of people were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 42.9% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 33.3% in the range of over exposure limit and waist with 56.8% had the greatest rate of pain and ankle with 9.5% had the least amount of pain rate. Using of many tractors in city to displace water and other applications, paying attention to the health of drivers and checking the periodically, is needed.

Ramazan Mirzaei; Mostafa Mohammadi

2010-01-01

182

Epidemiology of mental health problems in female students: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Mental health as a state of well-being can be affected by gender. The present work aims to examine the mental health status in female students and recognize its affecting factors. A cross-sectional study on female students of Payame-Noor University in West Azerbaijan, Iran, was conducted among 1632 students. Data collection tools were the demographic data and the General Health Questionnaires (GHQ-28). The results show that 51.5% of the population under study were healthy and 48.5% have had mental disorders. Based on the social effects on the mental health of students, the correlations between age (p=0.15), location (p=0.29) and parental education (p=0.34) with general health status were assessed and there were no significant differences between them. However, birth order (p<0.002), marital status (p<0.001) and family income (p<0.000) had significant differences with regard to mental health status. This study indicates that 43.6% of students are suspected to have mental and physical disorders, and the most effective factor is the socioeconomic condition. The strong correlation between birth order, marital status, and family income and mental health disorders suggests the necessity to pay more attention to all these issues in all at-risk students.

Mokhtari M; Dehghan SF; Asghari M; Ghasembaklo U; Mohamadyari G; Azadmanesh SA; Akbari E

2013-06-01

183

Questionnaire survey of California consumers' use and rating of sources of health care information including the Internet.  

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OBJECTIVE: To understand how Californians use and rate various health information sources, including the Internet. RESEARCH DESIGN: Computer-assisted telephone interviews through which surveys were conducted in English or Spanish. SUBJECTS: A household sample generated by random digit dialing. The s...

Pennbridge, J; Moya, R; Rodrigues, L

184

Physicians' estimates of rehabilitation requirements after stroke and traumatic brain injury--a questionnaire survey in East Germany.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The provision of rehabilitation services is organized differently in Germany than most other countries, with large indication-specific in-patient centres. This study is aimed at the rehabilitative knowledge of physicians who initiate and conduct rehabilitation in Germany. METHODS: Medical specialists routinely involved in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) from acute hospitals, rehabilitation centres, and the Medical Services of the Workers' Pension Funds of Sachsen-Anhalt and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern were included in a systematic questionnaire survey aiming at the rehabilitation requirements of patients under their care or evaluation. These specialists are crucial for decision-making in rehabilitation ressource allocation. RESULTS: According to these experts, rehabilitation requirements for stroke and TBI patients are dominated by deficits in motor functions and daily-living. They are aware that TBI rehabilitation includes a greater focus on memory functions, problem-solving and attention, and in stroke on language functions. According to the surveyed specialists, the present system of medical rehabilitation in Germany covers the requirements of stroke and TBI patients only partially. Deficits are identified in out-patient and day clinic rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Although the knowledge of rehabilitation requirements is adequate in general, its large ranges reflect the necessity for further analysis. The opinions of the surveyed specialists reflect their respective professional setting. Advantages and disadvantages of the German system require further investigation.

Bäumer M; Schneider H; Frank B; Wallesch CW

2001-05-01

185

Differences in the asthma treatment of children between europe and Japan: a questionnaire-based survey using model cases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: : The aim of this study is to compare asthma controller therapy in children between Europe and Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : A questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the 2007 annual meeting of the European Respiratory Society held in Stockholm. In total, 120 answers were collected from European doctors. We divided Europe into 5 areas: South, West, North, East, and Central. The same survey was conducted at the 40th annual meeting of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Pulmonology. Forty-three answers were collected from Japanese doctors. RESULTS: : Inhaled corticosteroids were used more frequently in Europe and antileukotrienes were used more frequently in Japan. There were also some differences in treatment in different areas of Europe. CONCLUSION: : This survey shows differences in the treatment of children with asthma in Europe and in Japan. European doctors prefer using inhaled corticosteroids, and Japanese doctors prefer using oral antileukotrienes. Because the number of the respondents is small and there may be some bias, further study on a large-scale for general clinicians providing medical care to asthma children is desirable.

Nambu M; Holgate S

2009-04-01

186

The association between patients' beliefs about medicines and adherence to drug treatment after stroke: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Adherence to preventive drug treatment is a clinical problem and we hypothesised that patients' beliefs about medicines and stroke are associated with adherence. The objective was to examine associations between beliefs of patients with stroke about stroke and drug treatment and their adherence to drug treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. SETTING: Patients with stroke from 25 Swedish hospitals were included. MEASUREMENTS: Questionnaires were sent to 989 patients to assess their perceptions about stroke (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, Brief IPQ), beliefs about medicines (Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaires, BMQ) and adherence to treatment (Medication Adherence Report Scale, MARS) 3 months after stroke onset. Only patients living at home were included in the analysis. The primary outcome was self-reported adherence as measured on MARS. MARS scores were dichotomised into adherent/non-adherent. Background and clinical data from the Swedish Stroke register were included. RESULTS: 811 patients were still living at home and 595 answered the questionnaire. Complete MARS data were available for 578 patients and 72 (12.5%) of these were classified as non-adherent. Non-adherent patients scored lower on positive beliefs as measured on BMQ-necessity (OR?=?0.90, 95% CI 0.83 to 0.98) and BMQ-benefit (OR=0.77, 95% CI 0.68 to 0.87), and higher on negative beliefs as measured on BMQ-concern (OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.21), BMQ-overuse (OR=1.29, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.45), and BMQ-harm (OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.24). The Brief IPQ showed that non-adherent patients believed their current treatment to be less useful (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed associations between beliefs of Swedish patients with stroke about medicines and adherence. Positive beliefs were less common and negative more common among non-adherent. To improve adherence, patients' beliefs about medicines should be considered.

Sjölander M; Eriksson M; Glader EL

2013-01-01

187

Perceptions of Pakistani medical students about drugs and alcohol: a questionnaire-based survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Drug abuse is hazardous and known to be prevalent among young adults, warranting efforts to increase awareness about harmful effects and to change attitudes. This study was conducted to assess the perceptions of a group of medical students from Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country, regarding four drugs namely heroin, charas, benzodiazepines and alcohol. Results In total, 174 self-reported questionnaires were received (87% response rate). The most commonly cited reasons for why some students take these drugs were peer pressure (96%), academic stress (90%) and curiosity (88%). The most commonly cited justifiable reason was to go to sleep (34%). According to 77%, living in the college male hostel predisposed one to using these drugs. Sixty percent of students said that the drugs did not improve exam performance, while 54% said they alleviated stress. Seventy-eight percent said they did not intend to ever take drugs in the future. Females and day-scholars were more willing to discourage a friend who took drugs. Morality (78%), religion (76%) and harmful effects of drugs (57%) were the most common deterrents against drug intake. Five suggestions to decrease drug abuse included better counseling facilities (78%) and more recreational facilities (60%). Conclusion Efforts need to be made to increase student awareness regarding effects and side effects of drugs. Our findings suggest that educating students about the adverse effects as well as the moral and religious implications of drug abuse is more likely to have a positive impact than increased policing. Proper student-counseling facilities and healthier avenues for recreation are also required.

Shafiq Majid; Shah Zaman; Saleem Ayesha; Siddiqi Maham T; Shaikh Kashif S; Salahuddin Farah F; Siwani Rizwan; Naqvi Haider

2006-01-01

188

Communities' knowledge and perceptions of type two diabetes mellitus in Rwanda: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the level of knowledge and perceptions of T2DM among people in the Rwamagana district. BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Knowledge of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can assist in early detection of the disease and reduce the incidence of complications. Therefore, a descriptive study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of T2DM among people in the Rwamagana district, Rwanda. DESIGN: The study used a cluster multistage sampling technique to obtain a representative sample. The clusters were provinces, districts, sectors, household clusters and sample units selection. The Kigabiro sector was studied, and a sample size of 355 respondents was calculated using Raosoft Sample Size Calculator (Raosoft, Inc 2004, http://www.raosoft.com/samplesize.html). METHODS: A descriptive method, using questionnaires, was used for data collection. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, contingency tables and chi-square test. The target population comprised 4556 people (women and men aged between 15-65 years) living in a sampled sector of Kigabiro. RESULTS: The level of knowledge of respondents was inadequate. Few respondents got a high score on questions intended to explore the knowledge of definition, signs, causes and risk factors of diabetes. CONCLUSION: The perceptions were also poor and inadequate. The recommendations focused on education campaigns by the Kigabiro sector authorities. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: If people are knowledgeable on managing long-term conditions such as diabetes, there will be less expenditure on curative care. The healthcare services will have fewer burdens, and the focus will be on specific and relevant ailments.

Mukeshimana MM; Nkosi ZZ

2013-06-01

189

Frequency and barriers of underreported needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses, a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of needlestick injuries and barriers of reporting such injuries amongst Iranian nurses. BACKGROUND: Exposure to blood-borne pathogens because of needlestick injuries in particular is a potential risk for healthcare workers, including clinical nurses. The burden of sharp injuries sustained by healthcare workers is still unclear, primarily because of underreporting. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was undertaken amongst 111 clinical nurses working in five major teaching hospitals in Tehran/Iran during 2007-2008 who were randomly selected. METHODS: A validated self-reported questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and history of experiences with contaminated needlesticks as well as probably reason/s for underreporting such injuries was used. RESULTS: More than half of the enrolled nurses (54.1%, n = 60) had no experience of contaminated injuries, while the rest of 45.9% (n = 51) had experienced at least one contaminated needlestick injuries during their clinical performance. More than one-third (34.0%, n = 38) had experienced a mean of 58 contaminated needlestick injuries during the past 12 months (crude incidence: 0.52 NSI/nurse/year). Only 14 nurses (36.8%) with needlestick injuries experiences had officially reported their experiences. The major reasons for not reporting needlestick injuries were dissatisfaction with follow-up investigations by officials after reporting the events (33.3%) and safe/low risk considering of source patients (29.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Increased frequency and underreporting of needlestick injuries amongst Iranian nurses is going to be a major concern. As a preventive strategy, further interventions such as constant staff training, life-long learning and standardising postexposure procedures are recommended. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Determining the prevalence, burden and reasons for underreporting needlestick injuries by clinical nurses are required for establishing a preventive strategy to decrease hospital infections.

Azadi A; Anoosheh M; Delpisheh A

2011-02-01

190

Work problems due to low back pain: what do GPs do? A questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Low back pain can affect work ability and remains a main cause of sickness absence. In the UK the GP is usually the first contact for patients seeking health care. The UK government intends that the GP will continue to be responsible for sickness certification and work advice. This role requires a considerable level of understanding of work rehabilitation, and effective communication between GPs, patients, employers and therapists. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify GPs' current practice in managing patients whose ability to work is affected by low back pain, and their perception of the support services required. METHOD: A postal questionnaire of 441 GPs in the South Nottinghamshire area of the UK was carried out. Areas covered included referral patterns, sickness certification, and communication with therapists and employers. RESULTS: There was a 54.6% response rate. The majority of GPs (76.8%) reported that they did not take overall responsibility for managing the work problems of patients arising from low back pain. Few 'mainly agreed' that they initiated communication with employers (2.5%) and/or therapists (10.4%) regarding their patients' work. CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrate that most GPs do not readily engage in vocational rehabilitation and do not initiate contact with employers or other health care practitioners regarding patients' work problems. Thus the current government expectation that GPs are able to successfully manage this role may be unrealistic; considerable training and a change in the GPs' perception of their role will be required.

Coole C; Watson PJ; Drummond A

2010-02-01

191

A study of nurses' spiritual intelligence: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nurse's spiritual well-being may assure a positive attitude toward spiritual care, and assist patients in overcoming spiritual distress. Spirituality is often related to one's belief system. Spirituality on the part of nurses is yet largely unheard of in a society with materialism which is one of the most destructive belief systems on the world. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to explore the profile of spiritual intelligence among nurses, and to examine the effect of religions on nurses' spiritual intelligence in China. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional descriptive and inferential designed study. SETTINGS: The study was carried out in a medical center in China. Subjects were widely distributed, throughout seven provinces, with 16 hospital settings. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 registered hospital nurses, who were taking part in a 3-day, national nursing quality conference held by the target medical center in China, were recruited by convenience sampling. METHODS: Wolman's (2001) four-point Likert-type Psycho-Matrix Spirituality Inventroy (PSI) was distributed collaboratively during the period of the conference. Upon receiving oral approval from nursing administrators, the author ensured that subjects' responses would remain confidential and that filling out the questionnaire was to be construed as willingness to participate in this study. RESULTS: 1. The majority of nurses (90%) tended to experience numerous instances of physical emotional pain and suffering throughout life. 2. Among the 130 subjects, only seven nurses clearly specified their religions, and religious beliefs accounted for most of the variance in the criterion variable in the study. CONCLUSIONS: Exploring nurses' spiritual profiles, especially for those who seem to be unfamiliar with spiritual matters, is a starting point on the journey to delivering spiritual care. Chinese nurses' spiritual intelligence is only to be excavated. The study draws attention to the diverse culture of the nurses' concepts of spirituality, which is fundamental to the delivery of truly holistic care of humans in a multi-faith society.

Yang KP; Mao XY

2007-08-01

192

The level and determinants of mission statement use: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Although mission statements are one of the most popular management instruments, little is known about the nature and direction of the presumed relationship between mission statements and organizational performance. In particular, empirical insights into the degree of mission statement use by individual organizational members are insufficient. OBJECTIVES: We address the observed knowledge gap by (a) measuring the level of mission statement use (e.g., explaining the mission statement, making linkages to extant programs or practices, communicating enthusiasm, and adapting the mission statement to the personal work situation) by individual organizational members, and (b) identifying the antecedents that influence mission statement use. DESIGN: Questionnaires were used to collect data from a sample of 510 nurses from three Flemish hospitals. Mission statement use was measured by means of Fairhurst's Management of Meaning Scale. Antecedents of mission statement use were derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior and the mission statement literature. RESULTS: The findings indicate that mission statement use is low on average. Attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and formal involvement in mission statement communication proved to be significant determinants of mission statement use and accounted for 43% of the variance. The results of the conducted regression analyses indicate that nurses (a) who have a positive attitude towards the mission statement, (b) who perceive pressure from superiors and colleagues to use the mission statement, (c) who feel they are in control of performing such behavior, and (d) who are formally involved in the mission statement communication processes are more likely to use the mission statement. Furthermore, the results indicated that demographic characteristics are not associated with mission statement use. CONCLUSIONS: To effectively increase mission statement use, investments should focus on redesigning a work environment that stresses the importance of the organizational mission statement and provides detailed information on the ways that individual organizational members can contribute in realizing the mission statement.

Desmidt S; Prinzie A; Heene A

2008-10-01

193

Clinical findings on ANCA-associated renal vasculitis from the Japan RPGN registry obtained via a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Renal involvement with significant organ damage is common in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). As a result, it is independently referred to ANCA-associated renal vasculitis. Clinically, ANCA-associated renal vasculitis is characterized by rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Pathologically, it is defined by pauci-immune type necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis. According to previous reports from all over the world, the etiology, prevalence, and prognosis of RPGN including ANCA-associated renal vasculitis varies among races and periods. To elucidate the clinical characteristics of Japanese RPGN patients, a registry derived from a questionnaire survey was established in 1999 and maintained until 2006. As a result, 1,772 cases were collected, analyzed, and reported previously. In this mini-review, we outline the characteristic clinical findings of Japanese patients (Asian) with ANCA-associated renal vasculitis, based on the registry data. PMID:23239119

Yamagata, Kunihiro; Usui, Joichi; Sugiyama, Hitoshi; Nitta, Kosaku; Wada, Takashi; Muso, Eri; Arimura, Yoshihiro; Koyama, Akio; Makino, Hirofumi; Matsuo, Seiichi

2012-12-14

194

Clinical findings on ANCA-associated renal vasculitis from the Japan RPGN registry obtained via a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Renal involvement with significant organ damage is common in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). As a result, it is independently referred to ANCA-associated renal vasculitis. Clinically, ANCA-associated renal vasculitis is characterized by rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Pathologically, it is defined by pauci-immune type necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis. According to previous reports from all over the world, the etiology, prevalence, and prognosis of RPGN including ANCA-associated renal vasculitis varies among races and periods. To elucidate the clinical characteristics of Japanese RPGN patients, a registry derived from a questionnaire survey was established in 1999 and maintained until 2006. As a result, 1,772 cases were collected, analyzed, and reported previously. In this mini-review, we outline the characteristic clinical findings of Japanese patients (Asian) with ANCA-associated renal vasculitis, based on the registry data.

Yamagata K; Usui J; Sugiyama H; Nitta K; Wada T; Muso E; Arimura Y; Koyama A; Makino H; Matsuo S

2012-12-01

195

The information needs of people living with ankylosing spondylitis: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Today, health care is patient-centred with patients more involved in medical decision making and taking an active role in managing their disease. It is important that patients are appropriately informed about their condition and that their health care needs are met. We examine the information utilisation, sources and needs of people with Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). Methods Participants in an existing AS cohort study were asked to complete a postal or online questionnaire containing closed and open-ended questions, regarding their information access and needs. Participants were stratified by age and descriptive statistics were performed using STATA 11, while thematic analysis was performed on open-ended question narratives. Qualitative data was handled in Microsoft Access and explored for emerging themes and patterns of experiences. Results Despite 73% of respondents having internet access, only 49% used the internet to access information regarding AS. Even then, this was only infrequently. Only 50% of respondents reported accessing written information about AS, which was obtained mainly in specialist clinics. Women were more likely than men to access information (63% (women) 46% (men)) regardless of the source, while younger patients were more likely to use online sources. The main source of non-written information was the rheumatologist. Overall, the respondents felt there was sufficient information available, but there was a perception that the tone was often too negative. The majority (95%) of people would like to receive a regular newsletter about AS, containing positive practical and local information. Suggestions were also made for more information about AS to be made available to non-specialist medical professionals and the general public. Conclusions There appears to be sufficient information available for people with AS in the UK and this is mostly accessed by younger AS patients. Many patients, particularly men, choose not to access AS information and concerns were raised about its negative tone. Patients still rely on written and verbal information from their specialists. Future initiatives should focus on the delivery of more positive information, targeting younger participants in particular and increasing the awareness in the general population and wider non-specialist medical community.

Cooksey Roxanne; Brophy Sinead; Husain Muhammad Jami; Irvine Elizabeth; Davies Helen; Siebert Stefan

2012-01-01

196

A questionnaire survey of critical care nurses' attitudes to delirium assessment before and after introduction of the CAM-ICU.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nurses are usually the first to identify delirium in ICU patients. We aimed to assess the attitudes of Australian critical care nurses when we introduced the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU). METHODS: We surveyed all 174 nurses in our ICU using two questionnaires: first after a one-month period of mandated but unstructured delirium assessments, and then following one month of CAM-ICU assessments. We also quantified antipsychotic medication usage by inspecting pharmacy records. FINDINGS: The first survey response rate was 65/174 (37%). Most nurses (73%) thought active delirium assessment was important, and 93% thought their assessments were worth the time required. These assessments were largely unstructured, as only 20% knew a formal delirium test, and only 7% sometimes used one. The second survey response rate was 45/174 (26%). Most (89%) still thought delirium assessment was important, but only 75% thought the CAM-ICU worth the time required (p=0.01 compared to unstructured assessments). Similar proportions (75% and 73%) were confident in the accuracy of their assessments. Many (33%) found the CAM-ICU 'quite' or 'very' hard to perform, but despite this, 82% wanted to continue to use it. Free-text answers suggested this was because medical staff paid more attention to the CAM-ICU. Supporting this, prescriptions of antipsychotic medications increased significantly in the CAM-ICU period. CONCLUSION: Critical care nurses in our Australian ICU who responded to our survey think delirium assessment is important. Although they find unstructured assessments easier to perform, they wanted to persist with the CAM-ICU, in part because it facilitated more appropriate pharmacological treatment of delirium for their patients. We recommend the CAM-ICU as a tool to improve communication between nurses and physicians in the management of delirium.

Eastwood GM; Peck L; Bellomo R; Baldwin I; Reade MC

2012-08-01

197

Community nursing needs more silver surfers: a questionnaire survey of primary care nurses' use of information technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK the health service is investing more than ever before in information technology (IT) and primary care nurses will have to work with computers. Information about patients will be almost exclusively held in electronic patient records; and much of the information about best practice is most readily accessible via computer terminals. Objective To examine the influence of age and nursing profession on the level of computer use. Methods A questionnaire was developed to examine: access, training received, confidence and use of IT. The survey was carried out in a Sussex Primary Care Trust, in the UK. Results The questionnaire was sent to 109 nurses with a 64% response rate. Most primary care nurses (89%) use their computer regularly at work: 100% of practice nurses daily, compared with 60% of district nurses and 59% of health visitors (p Conclusions Using computers in the surgery has become the norm for primary care nurses. However, nurses over 50, working out in the community, lack the confidence and skill of their younger and practice based colleagues.

Chan Tom; Brew Sarah; de Lusignan Simon

2004-01-01

198

Use of patients' mobile phones to store and share personal health information: results of a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the opinions of outpatients concerning a new communication method: the self-management of assessed personal problems in health information records (SAPPHIRE) using patients' mobile phones to store and share medical content (medical SAPPHIRE, or m-SAPPHIRE). METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Patients Outpatients who visited us from March 1 to May 30, 2012, were asked to complete a questionnaire survey regarding SAPPHIRE and m-SAPPHIRE. The m-SAPPHIRE data consisted of a problem list, height, weight, waist size and active medication list. Ten questions were asked regarding the usefulness of m-SAPPHIRE, the sharing of m-SAPPHIRE and the use of mobile phones to store m-SAPPHIRE data. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-three patients (male/female, 79/114; mean age, 57±21 years) were registered: 95.9% answered that m-SAPPHIRE would be useful, 98% agreed to manage their personal health records by themselves, and 95.8%, 93.8%, and 92.8% of the patients responded that they would allow m-SAPPHIRE information to be shared with family members, medical workers, and health care providers, respectively. Of the patients, 75.1% responded that they owned a mobile phone, and 43.5% answered that they could enter m-SAPPHIRE information into a mobile phone by themselves, while 27.5% responded that they could do so with someone's help. CONCLUSION: Patients believe that m-SAPPHIRE would be useful for retrieving their health records during emergency situations or for sharing with family members and medical and health care providers. SAPPHIRE using mobile phones could be an inexpensive and legal method for sharing medical data.

Tawara S; Yonemochi Y; Kosaka T; Kouzaki Y; Takita T; Tsuruta T

2013-01-01

199

Factors influencing job satisfaction among registered nurses: a questionnaire survey in Mashhad, Iran.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is a critical factor in health care. Strong empirical evidence supports a causal relationship between job satisfaction, patient safety and quality of care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of nurses' job satisfaction and its associated factors. METHOD: A stratified random sample of 421 registered nurses working at a large hospital in Mashhad, Iran was surveyed. RESULT: The results showed that autonomy, task requirement and work interaction had scores higher than their respective median on the subscales. There were significant differences between demographic characteristics and the autonomy, task requirement, work interaction, salary, work condition, professional development, supportive nursing management, decision making, professional status subscales and mean total job satisfaction. In univariate analysis, young age, being female and being married were significantly associated with a higher level of job satisfaction. The adjusted R(2) for this model was 0.14, indicating that the model explained 14% of the variability. The regression model was highly significant, F (4298) = 13.194, P < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The authors emphasise that the human resources policies and incentives need to be re-visited. Efforts undertaken to improve working conditions, supportive nursing management, improved professional status, professional development and increased salaries are some of the ways for nurse managers to improve job satisfaction.

Atefi N; Lim Abdullah K; Wong LP; Mazlom R

2013-09-01

200

Nurse burnout in China: a questionnaire survey on staffing, job satisfaction, and quality of care.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The investigators examined how nurse staffing affects nurse job satisfaction and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Inadequate nurse staffing is a worldwide issue with profound effects on nurse job satisfaction and quality of care. Few studies have examined the relationship between nurse staffing and job satisfaction and quality of care in China. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was adopted, wherein 873 nurses were surveyed on demographics, nurse staffing, job-related burnout, job dissatisfaction, intent to leave, and quality of care. RESULT: The median patient-nurse ratio was five; 45.1% nurses reported high levels of job-related burnout, and 55.6%, job dissatisfaction. In adjusted regression models, patient-nurse ratios of four or less were related to a decrease in the odds of job dissatisfaction (odds ratio 0.55, 95% confidence interval 0.36-0.85) and increase in the odds of quality of care (odds ratio 1.78, 95% confidence interval 1.02-2.82). CONCLUSION: Nurse staffing is associated with job dissatisfaction and quality of care. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nurse managers should maintain an adequate level of nurse staffing, referring to the patient-nurse ratio. They should create new initiatives to increase job satisfaction among nurses and to evaluate their effects.

Lu M; Ruan H; Xing W; Hu Y

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
201

Setting directions for capacity building in primary health care: a survey of a research network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The South Australian Research Network 'SARNet' aims to build research capacity in primary health care, as part of a national government-funded strategy to integrate research into clinical practice. Internationally, research networks have been a fundamental part of research culture change, and a variety of network models exist. The 'SARNet' model uses a whole system, multidisciplinary approach to capacity building and supports individuals and groups. We undertook a descriptive baseline survey in order to understand the background and needs of SARNet members and to tailor network activities towards those needs. Methods A questionnaire survey, assessing members' professional background, research experience, and interest in research development and training, was sent to all members who joined the network in its first year. The visual 'research spider' tool was used to ascertain members' experience in ten core research skills, as well as their interest in developing these skills. Individuals were asked to classify themselves into one of four categories of researchers, based on previous research experience. These self-assessment categories ranged from non-participant to academic. Results Network membership was diverse. Of the 89 survey participants, 55% were general practitioners or allied health professionals. Overall, most survey respondents indicated little to moderate experience in 7 out of the 10 skills depicted in the 'research spider'. In comparison, respondents were generally highly interested in developing their research skills in all areas. Respondents' research skills correlated significantly with their self-assessed category of research participation (Spearman rank correlation, r = 0.82, p Conclusion Literature describing evaluation of the impact of networks is scarce. Our survey questionnaire could provide a useful instrument for evaluation of both networks and capacity building initiatives. The survey including the 'research spider' tool provided valuable information about members' needs and interest in strategies to develop their research skills. Initial needs analyses as well as on-going evaluation of network activities are important to include into the business plans of research networks, in order to ensure the network's effectiveness and support of its membership.

Ried Karin; Farmer Elizabeth A; Weston Kathryn M

2006-01-01

202

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1996  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1996; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (M.N.)

1997-01-01

203

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1997; `a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies`, `survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations`, `works in radioactive data center`, `fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey`, `workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring` and `survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure`. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1998-12-01

204

Instruments & Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

Included here are instruments and questionnaires developed by Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch staff for use in our research efforts. These tools are also used by many other researchers in government and academia. Documentation, software, and other supporting material, when available, are also provided.

205

Care seeking behaviour for childhood illness- a questionnaire survey in western Nepal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The World Health Organization estimates that seeking prompt and appropriate care could reduce child deaths due to acute respiratory infections by 20%. The purpose of our study was to assess care seeking behaviour of the mothers during childhood illness and to determine the predictors of mother's care seeking behaviour. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the immunization clinics of Pokhara city, Kaski district, western Nepal. A trained health worker interviewed the mothers of children suffering from illness during the preceding 15 days. Results A total of 292 mothers were interviewed. Pharmacies (46.2%) were the most common facilities where care was sought followed by allopathic medical practitioners (26.4%). No care was sought for 8 (2.7%) children and 26 (8.9%) children received traditional/home remedies. 'Appropriate', 'prompt' and 'appropriate and prompt' care was sought by 77 (26.4%), 166 (56.8%) and 33 (11.3%) mothers respectively. The mothers were aware of fever (51%), child becoming sicker (45.2%) and drinking poorly (42.5%) as the danger signs of childhood illness. By multiple logistic regression analysis total family income, number of symptoms, mothers' education and perceived severity of illness were the predictors of care seeking behaviour. Conclusion The results of the present study show that the mothers were more likely to seek care when they perceived the illness as 'serious'. Poor maternal knowledge of danger signs of childhood illness warrants the need for a complementary introduction of community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illness programmes to improve family's care seeking behaviour and their ability to recognize danger signs of childhood illness. Socioeconomic development of the urban poor may overcome their financial constraints to seek 'appropriate' and 'prompt' care during the childhood illness.

Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T; Shankar Ravi P; Sreekumaran Binu V; Subba Sonu H; Joshi Hari S; Ramachandran Uma

2006-01-01

206

A questionnaire survey of the management and use of anthelmintics in cattle and antelope in mixed farming systems in Zimbabwe.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the management of mixed farming of cattle and antelope and use of anthelmintics was conducted on eleven farms between August and December 1999 by a self-administered questionnaire. Seventeen antelope species ranging from grey duikers (Sylvicapra grimmia) to eland (Taurotragus oryx) occurred on the farms. Impala (Aepyceros melampus) was the most abundant antelope on the farms. Seventy-five per cent of the antelope species on the farms were grazers and mixed feeders and shared grazing with cattle. Most farmers (n = 8) did not consider the stocking density for cattle and antelope as an important management factor. Fifty-four per cent of the farmers (n = 6) routinely dewormed both cattle and antelopes. Albendazole and fenbendazole were the most commonly used drugs for deworming cattle (72.7%) and antelope species (54.5%). The deworming of antelope was carried out during the dry season, using albendazole-, fenbendazole-and rafoxanide-medicated supplementary feed blocks. Doramectin injections were given to antelopes on two farms. Cattle were dewormed preventively and according to the general body condition of the animal. Few farmers (n = 4) followed the recommended deworming programme for cattle in Zimbabwe and only one farmer followed a specified dosing programme for game. However, results from the survey on the deworming of game indicate that farmers perceived helminth infections in antelope to be important. PMID:12240773

Madzingira, O; Mukaratirwa, S; Pandey, V S; Dorny, P

2002-06-01

207

A questionnaire survey of the management and use of anthelmintics in cattle and antelope in mixed farming systems in Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey of the management of mixed farming of cattle and antelope and use of anthelmintics was conducted on eleven farms between August and December 1999 by a self-administered questionnaire. Seventeen antelope species ranging from grey duikers (Sylvicapra grimmia) to eland (Taurotragus oryx) occurred on the farms. Impala (Aepyceros melampus) was the most abundant antelope on the farms. Seventy-five per cent of the antelope species on the farms were grazers and mixed feeders and shared grazing with cattle. Most farmers (n =8) did not consider the stocking density for cattle and antelope as an important management factor. Fifty-four per cent of the farmers (n = 6) routinely dewormed both cattle and antelopes. Albendazole and fenbendazole were the most commonly used drugs for deworming cattle (72.7 %) and antelope species (54.5 %). The deworming of antelope was carried out during the dry season, using albendazole-, fenbendazole-and rafoxanide-medicated supplementary feed blocks. Doramectin injections were given to antelopes on two farms. Cattle were dewormed preventively and according to the general body condition of the animal. Few farmers (n = 4) followed the recommended deworming programme for cattle in Zimbabwe and only one farmer followed a specified dosing programme for game. However, results from the survey on the deworming of game indicate that farmers perceived helminth infections in antelope to be important.

O. Madzingira; S. Mukaratirwa; V.S. Pandey; P. Dorny

2012-01-01

208

Questionnaire survey on urban and peri-urban livestock farming practices and disease control in Kisumu municipality, Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To characterise the urban livestock keeping practices and constraints in Kisumu municipality, Kenya, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Thirty-four contact farmers were interviewed on general farm characteristics and production constraints. The farming activities were categorised as either livestock only (41 %), or mixed crops and livestock (59 %). The surveyed farmers kept mainly cattle (100 %), chickens (82 %) and goats (74 %). Most (94 %)of the farmers had kept livestock for prolonged periods mainly for income generation (97 %) and domestic consumption (59 %). These data show that livestock keeping was popular and could be harnessed to increase food security, although the farmers kept mainly low-producing indigenous cattle (98 %) which were grazed on unutilised land. The main production constraints mentioned by farmers included diseases (100 %), poor fertility (68 %) and lack of feed (56 %). The diseases varied with species of ruminants and included lumpy skin disease (71 %), diarrhoea (65 %) and helminthosis (62 %). The source of advice on management and treatment of the livestock was almost equally from private and government veterinary personnel. To improve livestock productivity, it is recommended that key stakeholders address the constraints mentioned in this study and in particular that the occurrence of diseases should be investigated with a view to developing sustainable control strategies.

J.M. Kagira; P.W.N. Kanyari

2012-01-01

209

Questionnaire survey on urban and peri-urban livestock farming practices and disease control in Kisumu municipality, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english To characterise the urban livestock keeping practices and constraints in Kisumu municipality, Kenya, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Thirty-four contact farmers were interviewed on general farm characteristics and production constraints. The farming activities were categorised as either livestock only (41 %), or mixed crops and livestock (59 %). The surveyed farmers kept mainly cattle (100 %), chickens (82 %) and goats (74 %). Most (94 %) of the farmers had kept l (more) ivestock for prolonged periods mainly for income generation (97 %) and domestic consumption (59 %). These data show that livestock keeping was popular and could be harnessed to increase food security, although the farmers kept mainly low-producing indigenous cattle (98 %) which were grazed on unutilised land. The main production constraints mentioned by farmers included diseases (100 %), poor fertility (68 %) and lack of feed (56 %). The diseases varied with species of ruminants and included lumpy skin disease (71 %), diarrhoea (65 %) and helminthosis (62 %). The source of advice on management and treatment of the livestock was almost equally from private and government veterinary personnel. To improve livestock productivity, it is recommended that key stakeholders address the constraints mentioned in this study and in particular that the occurrence of diseases should be investigated with a view to developing sustainable control strategies.

Kagira, J M; Kanyari, P W N

2010-01-01

210

The initial RNF research survey: rehabilitation nursing research interests of ARN members.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The data from this survey provide baseline information for comparison with subsequent surveys. Respondents to this initial survey demonstrate involvement in research activities, primarily for the direct improvement of care. Findings from the data suggest that the research climate is right for collaborative efforts between rehabilitation nurses caring directly for clients and nurses with research degrees to conduct multisite research projects and to encourage enhanced research preparation, including computer literacy, for nurses at the graduate level.

Hoeman SP; Dayhoff NE; Thompson TC

1993-01-01

211

Narrative in research: the research and the researcher survey--women GPs and stress.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Activities and stresses are linked and can be viewed closely only as a sequence of actors and behaviors, or a narrative. Examines such narratives from the which the individualized stress emerges plainly. Emphasizes that the researcher is involved in a narrative of her own life and reactions to the research project. Portrays the interdependence of these narratives: those of the doctor or GP under survey and those of the researcher.

Myerson S

1995-01-01

212

Research methods of the Youth Smoking Survey (YSS).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper describes the survey development, design and data collection protocol for the 2008/2009 Youth Smoking Survey (YSS) and the changes to the YSS survey and protocols across the 5 survey cycles (1994, 2002, 2004/2005, 2006/2007, 2008/2009). Canada's Youth Smoking Survey is a nationally representative school-based survey of students (grades 6 to 12 in 2008/2009) from randomly sampled public and private schools in the ten provinces. The main objective of the YSS is to provide benchmark data on national smoking prevalence rates for youth. Key features of the 2008/2009 YSS include consistent measures across survey cycles, a survey team of researchers and non-governmental organizations, a link to school and student level measures, provision of tailored feedback reports to schools and publicly available datasets.

Elton-Marshall T; Leatherdale ST; Manske SR; Wong K; Ahmed R; Burkhalter R

2011-12-01

213

Research methods of the Youth Smoking Survey (YSS).  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the survey development, design and data collection protocol for the 2008/2009 Youth Smoking Survey (YSS) and the changes to the YSS survey and protocols across the 5 survey cycles (1994, 2002, 2004/2005, 2006/2007, 2008/2009). Canada's Youth Smoking Survey is a nationally representative school-based survey of students (grades 6 to 12 in 2008/2009) from randomly sampled public and private schools in the ten provinces. The main objective of the YSS is to provide benchmark data on national smoking prevalence rates for youth. Key features of the 2008/2009 YSS include consistent measures across survey cycles, a survey team of researchers and non-governmental organizations, a link to school and student level measures, provision of tailored feedback reports to schools and publicly available datasets. PMID:22153176

Elton-Marshall, T; Leatherdale, S T; Manske, S R; Wong, K; Ahmed, R; Burkhalter, R

2011-12-01

214

Education in research: results of a survey commissioned by the research committee of the European Society of Radiology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the current status of education in research in Europe with a view to making recommendations and improvements in the status of education in research for involved stakeholders. METHODS: A questionnaire concerning education in research in Europe was sent to the National Society representatives, to Subspecialty Societies and potentially interested ESR committees. Questions were posed to assess the current status and to explore a desired future status for a broad base of interested stakeholders. Questions related to training (general status), research drivers, researcher recruitment, contents of research education, education methods, flexibility in research career planning, scientific network building, scientific research funding and measuring outcomes of research education. RESULTS: The most pronounced inadequacies were perceived in the following areas: promotion of clinical scientists, promotion of material sciences, earlier recruitment of researchers, laboratory training, flexible and adaptable schedules, career planning by research group leaders, network building by funding agencies, funding by organ-based radiology sections and outcome measurement by professional surveys. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this questionnaire indicate that the subject of education in research methodology, career structure and career outcome need promotion. The important role of professional societies in supporting these changes is emphasised. MAIN MESSAGES : • In the immediate future it is recommended that radiology researchers should maintain individual responsibility for their career path, but this should be actively facilitated by their peer group. • A research career should be encouraged to commence during residency and include an increased proportion of wet laboratory work focussed on biologic topics. • Production of peer-reviewed publications should remain a high priority. • Flexibility in professional schedules should be facilitated to allow dedicated periods for formal research. • Research programmes should be measured by the number of successful research-based personnel involved, in addition to the bibliography.

2012-12-01

215

High incidence of sleep problems in children with developmental disorders: Results of a questionnaire survey in a Japanese elementary school.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective: The aim of the present school-based questionnaire was to analyze the sleep problems of children with developmental disorders, such as pervasive developmental disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methods: The sleep problems of 43 children with developmental disorders were compared with those of 372 healthy children (control group). All children attended one public elementary school in Kurume, Japan; thus, the study avoided the potential bias associated with hospital-based surveys (i.e. a high prevalence of sleep disturbance) and provided a more complete picture of the children's academic performance and family situation compared with a control group under identical conditions. Children's sleep problems were measured with the Japanese version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results: Children with developmental disorders had significantly higher total CSHQ scores, as well as mean scores on the parasomnias and sleep breathing subscales, than children in the control group. The total CSHQ score, bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, and daytime sleepiness worsened with increasing age in children with developmental disorders; in contrast, these parameters were unchanged or became better with age in the control group. In children with developmental disorders, there was a significant association between a higher total CSHQ score and lower academic performance, but no such association was found in the control group. For both groups, children's sleep problems affected their parents' quality of sleep. There were no significant differences in physical, lifestyle, and sleep environmental factors, or in sleep/wake patterns, between the two groups. Conclusions: Children with developmental disorders have poor sleep quality, which may affect academic performance. It is important for physicians to be aware of age-related differences in sleep problems in children with developmental disorders. Further studies are needed to identify the association between sleep quality and school behavioral performance.

Matsuoka M; Nagamitsu S; Iwasaki M; Iemura A; Yamashita Y; Maeda M; Kitani S; Kakuma T; Uchimura N; Matsuishi T

2013-01-01

216

Socio-demographic factors influencing Preventive Dental Behaviours in an Adult Dentate population: A questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Good oral health can be achieved by preventive dental behaviours such as regular dental visits as well as practising adequate selfcare by means of proper and frequent tooth brushing methods. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the influence of socio-economic parameters (occupation, education and income) according to modified Kuppuswamy's scale on preventive dental behaviours such as frequency of dental visits and tooth brushing with paste. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire based cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the influence of socio- economic status on Dental visits and frequency of tooth brushing in patients visiting the O.P.D ( Out Patient Department) at I.T.S Dental College, Greater Noida. A total of 327 patients from 18 to 74 years were included from both the genders. A fifteen item closed ended questionnaire was prepared, which had information regarding the Chief complaint along with Age, Gender, Socioeconomic Status, intervals of dental visits and frequency of brushing. Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic classification, which includes monthly income, education level and occupation, was used to classify the socioeconomic status (SES) of the patients. RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference reported between various levels of education, socio-economic status and gender when correlated with the frequency of dental visits. However, the results show that with increase in the level of education and socio-economic status the frequency of tooth brushing was positively correlated. CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that groups with low education and socio-economic status are important targets to enhance dental preventive behaviours.

Sachit Anand Arora; Amit Jayna; Anil Sharma; Mansi Atri

2011-01-01

217

Patient preferences in the choice of anti-TNF therapies in rheumatoid arthritis. Results from a questionnaire survey (RIVIERA study).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of anti-TNF-naive patients' preferences for the route of administration of anti-TNF agents. METHODS: The study was carried out in 50 Italian rheumatology centres (802 patients). All patients completed a 31-item questionnaire addressing their perceptions of current treatment and the preferences for treatment with anti-TNF agents. Statistical methods included analysis of variance (ANOVA), t-test and chi-square test. RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 97.6%. At the time of the survey, 310 (39.9%) patients were dissatisfied with current treatments, owing to inefficacy, side effects and inconvenience of administration. The i.v. and s.c. routes of administration were preferred by 50.2 and 49.8%, respectively. No significant difference was found in patients by gender, age, RA duration or number of drugs used. Reasons for the choice of i.v. administration were the safety of treatment at the hospital and the reassuring effect of physician presence. The s.c. administration was chosen for the convenience of treatment and in particular for home treatment. Patients dissatisfied with current therapy due to side effects preferred s.c. administration (P = 0.029), whereas patients choosing the i.v. route had slightly higher scores on 'today pain' (P = 0.047) and 'articular pain' (P = 0.023) of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index (RADAI). CONCLUSIONS: Both i.v. and s.c. treatments were well accepted by patients. However, treatment choice has to be discussed with patients, as individual preference seems to be determined by personal attitudes towards safety and convenience, by past experience and by the perception of current disease status.

Scarpato S; Antivalle M; Favalli EG; Nacci F; Frigelli S; Bartoli F; Bazzichi L; Minisola G; Matucci Cerinic M

2010-02-01

218

Questionnaire survey evaluating disease-related knowledge for 149 primary gout patients and 184 doctors in South China.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study aims to investigate the disease-related knowledge of gout patients and doctors in south China and to identify the important targets of education for patients and doctors. A cross-section survey of 154 primary gout patients and 185 doctors who may see gout patients was conducted with a modified questionnaire with ten items of gout-related knowledge. The participants were considered to have gout-related knowledge if he or she correctly answered seven or more items. One hundred and forty-nine valid questionnaires from patients, 33 from rheumatology physicians, and 151 from non-rheumatology doctors were collected for statistical analysis. The mean correctly answered items of three groups were 6.6?±?2.2, 9.6?±?0.53, and 8.0?±?1.4, with rate of being considered to have knowledge about gout 51.7, 100, and 90.1 %, respectively (P?

Li QH; Dai L; Li ZX; Liu HJ; Zou CJ; Ou-Yang X; Lu M; Li T; Li YH; Mo YQ; Schumacher HR

2013-07-01

219

Future provision of out of hours primary medical care: a survey with two general practitioner research networks.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE--To ascertain general practitioners' views about the future provision of out of hours primary medical care. DESIGN--Self completing postal questionnaire survey. SETTING--Wessex and north east England. SUBJECTS--116 general practitioners in the Wessex Primary Care Research Network and 83 in...

Lattimer, V.; Smith, H.; Hungin, P.; Glasper, A.; George, S.

220

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Wiersema Nicole J; Drukker Anouck J; Dung Mai; Nhu Giang; Nhu Nguyen; Lambalk Cornelis B

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Impact on and use of health services by international migrants: questionnaire survey of inner city London A&E attenders  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Changing immigration trends pose new challenges for the UK's open access health service and there is considerable speculation that migrants from resource-poor countries place a disproportionate burden on services. Data are needed to inform provision of services to migrant groups and to ensure their access to appropriate health care. We compared sociodemographic characteristics and impact of migrant groups and UK-born patients presenting to a hospital A&E/Walk-In Centre and prior use of community-based General Practitioner (GP) services. Methods We administered an anonymous questionnaire survey of all presenting patients at an A&E/Walk-In Centre at an inner-city London hospital during a 1 month period. Questions related to nationality, immigration status, time in the UK, registration and use of GP services. We compared differences between groups using two-way tables by Chi-Square and Fisher's exact test. We used logistic regression modelling to quantify associations of explanatory variables and outcomes. Results 1611 of 3262 patients completed the survey (response rate 49.4%). 720 (44.7%) were overseas born, representing 87 nationalities, of whom 532 (73.9%) were new migrants to the UK (?10 years). Overseas born were over-represented in comparison to local estimates (44.7% vs 33.6%; p Conclusion Recently arrived migrants are a diverse and substantial group, of whom migrants from refugee-generating countries and asylum seekers comprise only a minority group. Service reorganisation to ensure improved access to community-based GPs and delivery of more appropriate care may lessen their impact on acute services.

Hargreaves Sally; Friedland Jon S; Gothard Philip; Saxena Sonia; Millington Hugh; Eliahoo Joseph; Le Feuvre Peter; Holmes Alison

2006-01-01

222

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) in 2010 among 10-12?year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit) modelling. Results Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children’s soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents’ financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.419) of children’s sports activities. Children’s pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034) of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents did not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen Jørgen; Bere Elling; De Bourdeaudhuij Ilse; Jan Natasa; Maes Lea; Manios Yannis; Martens Marloes K; Molnar Denes; Moreno Luis A; Singh Amika S; te Velde Saskia; Brug Johannes

2012-01-01

223

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children's energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12 year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children's soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. METHODS: Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) in 2010 among 10-12 year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children's sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit) modelling. RESULTS: Economic factors were found to be associated with children's sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children's soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents' financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.419) of children's sports activities. Children's pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034) of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents did not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children's soft drink consumption. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that economic factors, especially parents' financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children's sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen JD; Bere E; De Bourdeaudhuij I; Jan N; Maes L; Manios Y; Martens MK; Molnar D; Moreno LA; Singh AS; te Velde S; Brug J

2012-01-01

224

Who sends the email? Using electronic surveys in violence research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Students aged 16-24 years are at greatest risk for interpersonal violence and the resulting short and long-term health consequences. Electronic survey methodology is well suited for research related to interpersonal violence. Yet methodological questions remain about best practices in using electronic surveys. While researchers often indicate that potential participants receive multiple emails as reminders to complete the survey, little mention is made of the sender of the recruitment email. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the response rates from three violence-focused research studies when the recruitment emails are sent from a campus office, researcher or survey sampling firm. Methods: Three violence-focused studies were conducted about interpersonal violence among college students in the United States. Seven universities and a survey sampling firm were used to recruit potential participants to complete an electronic survey. The sender of the recruitment emails varied within and across the each of the studies depending on institutional review boards and university protocols. Results: An overall response rate of 30% was noted for the 3 studies. Universities in which researcher-initiated recruitment emails were used had higher response rates compared to universities where campus officials sent the recruitment emails. Researchers found lower response rates to electronic surveys at Historically Black Colleges or Universities and that other methods were needed to improve response rates. Conclusion: The sender of recruitment emails for electronic surveys may be an important factor in response rates for violence-focused research. For researchers identification of best practices for survey methodology is needed to promote accurate disclosure and increase response rates. PMID:23930150

Sutherland, Melissa A; Amar, Angela F; Laughon, Kathryn

2013-08-01

225

Who Sends the Email? Using Electronic Surveys in Violence Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Students aged 16–24 years are at greatest risk for interpersonal violence and the resulting short and long-term health consequences. Electronic survey methodology is well suited for research related to interpersonal violence. Yet methodological questions remain about best practices in using electronic surveys. While researchers often indicate that potential participants receive multiple emails as reminders to complete the survey, little mention is made of the sender of the recruitment email. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the response rates from three violence-focused research studies when the recruitment emails are sent from a campus office, researcher or survey sampling firm. Methods: Three violence-focused studies were conducted about interpersonal violence among college students in the United States. Seven universities and a survey sampling firm were used to recruit potential participants to complete an electronic survey. The sender of the recruitment emails varied within and across the each of the studies depending on institutional review boards and university protocols.Results: An overall response rate of 30% was noted for the 3 studies. Universities in which researcher initiated recruitment emails were used had higher response rates compared to universities where campus officials sent the recruitment emails. Researchers found lower response rates to electronic surveys at Historically Black Colleges or Universities and that other methods were needed to improve response rates.Conclusion: The sender of recruitment emails for electronic surveys may be an important factor in response rates for violence-focused research. For researchers identification of best practices for survey methodology is needed to promote accurate disclosure and increase response rates. [West J Emerg Med. 2013;14(4):363–369.

Melissa A Sutherland; Angela F Amar; Kathryn Laughon

2013-01-01

226

Who sends the email? Using electronic surveys in violence research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Introduction: Students aged 16-24 years are at greatest risk for interpersonal violence and the resulting short and long-term health consequences. Electronic survey methodology is well suited for research related to interpersonal violence. Yet methodological questions remain about best practices in using electronic surveys. While researchers often indicate that potential participants receive multiple emails as reminders to complete the survey, little mention is made of the sender of the recruitment email. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the response rates from three violence-focused research studies when the recruitment emails are sent from a campus office, researcher or survey sampling firm. Methods: Three violence-focused studies were conducted about interpersonal violence among college students in the United States. Seven universities and a survey sampling firm were used to recruit potential participants to complete an electronic survey. The sender of the recruitment emails varied within and across the each of the studies depending on institutional review boards and university protocols. Results: An overall response rate of 30% was noted for the 3 studies. Universities in which researcher-initiated recruitment emails were used had higher response rates compared to universities where campus officials sent the recruitment emails. Researchers found lower response rates to electronic surveys at Historically Black Colleges or Universities and that other methods were needed to improve response rates. Conclusion: The sender of recruitment emails for electronic surveys may be an important factor in response rates for violence-focused research. For researchers identification of best practices for survey methodology is needed to promote accurate disclosure and increase response rates.

Sutherland MA; Amar AF; Laughon K

2013-08-01

227

Comparison of the pattern, efficacy, and tolerability of self-medicated drugs in primary dysmenorrhea: a questionnaire based survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the pattern, efficacy, and tolerability of self-medicated drugs and to assess the adequacy of their dose in primary dysmenorrhea (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey using a self-developed, validated, objective, and structured questionnaire as a tool was conducted among subjects with PD. Statistical analysis was carried out using Chi-square test and ANOVA with post-hoc Tuckey's test. RESULTS: Out of 641 respondents, 42% were self-medicated. The pattern of drugs used was: Dicyclomine, an unknown drug, mefenamic acid, mefenamic acid + dicyclomine, and metamizole by 35%, 29%, 26%, 9%, and 1% of respondents, respectively. Mefenamic acid + dicyclomine, the combination was the most efficacious in comparison to other drugs in moderate to severe dysmenorrhea. There was better tolerability with mefenamic acid + dicyclomine group compared to other drugs. Sub-therapeutic doses were used by 86% of self-medicating respondents. CONCLUSIONS: The prevailing self-medication practices were inappropriate in a substantial proportion of women with inadequate knowledge regarding appropriate drug choice, therapeutic doses, and their associated side effects.

Sugumar R; Krishnaiah V; Channaveera GS; Mruthyunjaya S

2013-03-01

228

Job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay among Chinese nurses: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: This study was designed to identify the level of nurses' job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay among mainland Chinese nurses, to explore the relationship among them. BACKGROUND: ? Little is known about the magnitude of Chinese nurses' intent to stay. Understanding the association among demographic characteristics and job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay among Chinese nurses is most important in a time of nurse shortages. Methods.? A descriptive correlation design was used to examine the relationship among variables related to intent to stay. Data were collected by a self-administered survey questionnaire from 560 nurses working in four large hospital facilities in Shanghai in 2009. RESULTS: The mean scores for nurses' job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay were 3·25(0·48), 3·11(0·40) and 3·56(0·65), respectively. Job satisfaction and occupational commitment were significantly related to intent to stay. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between occupational commitment and job satisfaction. Age and job position were significantly related to job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay. CONCLUSION: Levels of job satisfaction, occupational commitment and intent to stay reported by nurses in this study can be improved. Suggested strategies for improvement are: increasing salaries, decreasing workloads, modifying task structure, cultivating work passion and creating more professional opportunity for nurses' personal growth development and promotion. Enhancing nurses' job satisfaction and occupational commitment are vital to improve nurses' intent to stay and for strategies to address the nursing shortage.

Wang L; Tao H; Ellenbecker CH; Liu X

2012-03-01

229

[In France, prevention of vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus infection must be improved. A questionnaire survey in Picardie].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to study the conditions of practice and professionals' experiences for vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We sent a questionnaire survey to obstetricians and midwifes of all the 18 maternity clinics of the region (22,000 deliveries per year), both public and private. We also collected the protocols. RESULTS: Mean response rate was 66% for obstetricians and 79% for midwifes. When the mother is vaccinated against hepatitis B virus, 82% of obstetricians and 80% of midwifes performed the HBsAg screening. When the HBsAg screening is not available at delivery, the emergency dosage is performed by 86% of obstetricians et 91% of midwifes. Eight out of nine protocols were not in agreement with the guidelines and were poorly convenient; only one was pertinent. Discharges instructions for follow-up must be improved. CONCLUSION: Improvement programs must be implemented in the clinics (teaching sessions and assistance in preparing protocols) on a multidisciplinary basis. A national mobilisation, such as a consensus conference, is needed because even hepatitis B vaccination in France is poorly implemented.

Braillon A; Lerat A; Lansac J; Dubois G

2010-10-01

230

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a questionnaire and microbiological survey of nursing and residential homes in Barking, Havering and Brentwood.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The study determined the policies and procedures for the control and prevention of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and its prevalence among nursing and residential homes, and evaluated whether certain home characteristics such as bed size, staffing level, and type of home are related to the prevalence of MRSA. A 21-questionnaire survey, with primarily categorical responses, was mailed to the home managers of all the 121 nursing and residential homes in the district, following which a simple, stratified random sample of 28 (23.14%) homes was taken and all agreeing residents screened from multiple sites for MRSA. Seventy-seven (63.6%) homes returned a completed questionnaire, 13 (46.4%) of whom agreed to participate in the microbiological study. The response rates for returning questionnaires and agreeing to participate in the microbiological study were similar for nursing and residential homes (65% vs. 60%; 67% vs. 40%; P = 0.12; P = 0.62), respectively. Nursing homes had a mean bed size of 30 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 17-43), not significantly different from residential homes of 23 (95% CI 18-27; P = 0.26). The nursing homes employed a mean of 8.6 (95% CI 4.7-12.5) staff nurses per home; significantly higher than residential homes with a mean of 1.6 (95% CI 0.3-2.8; P = 0.006). No significant differences in mean number of home care assistants employed per home (22.8; 95% CI 12.4-33.13; and 14.4; 95% CI 11.83-16.90; P = 0.098, for nursing and residential homes, respectively) were observed. None of the homes had employed infection control practitioners. Only four (6.8%) of the responding homes stated that MRSA was a problem. Nursing homes were not significantly more likely to have admission policies for colonized person than residential homes (10/13 vs. 40/55, P = 1.00). Of the fifty-five (71.4%) homes who had admission policies, 40 (72.7%) stated that persons colonized/infected with MRSA would not be accepted, while 12 (21.8%) would accept such persons in single-room isolation and/or barrier nursing. Greater proportions of residential homes than nursing homes would not accept admission of persons with documented MRSA colonization (30/35 vs. 4/10, P = 0.007). Four (9.1%) homes (three nursing) had identified a total of five residents colonized/infected with MRSA in 5 years prior to the survey. Two hundred and forty-six residents were screened (552 sites), two (0.81%) of whom were found to be colonized in the nose (one resident) and in the groin (two residents) with MRSA, giving a 2-month weighted point prevalence rate of 0.14% (95% CI 0.01-0.26%). We conclude that in our district the nursing staffing levels and control measures vary widely within these homes, while the prevalence of residents who are colonized/infected with MRSA is lower than in other areas. We suggest that the exclusion admission policy for MRSA positive patients should be abandoned and targeted infection control programmes be instituted.

Namnyak S; Adhami Z; Wilmore M; Keynes H; Hampton K; Mercieca E; Roker K

1998-01-01

231

Predictors for electronic survey completion in healthcare research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Few studies have examined patients' preferences for and predictors of completing health surveys by paper versus Internet. The purpose of this study was to examine if participants of registry research preferred to complete health surveys by the Internet or paper, and if demographics and previous computer experiences were associated with health survey completion method preference. Using a descriptive design and convenience sample, participants of colorectal surgery registries completed an 18-item survey about Internet use and personal characteristics. Multiple linear regressions were used to determine predictors of total Internet use and access and survey preference. In 526 participants, preference for Internet-based health survey completion was associated with younger age, higher education, computer ownership, and using e-health medical records (all P ? .01). Those who previously completed Internet-based health surveys were more often married or divorced and computer owners and had electronic access to health records (all P ? .001). After multivariable regression, the Internet use/access sum score was associated with computer ownership, using a secure Web-based system and preference for completing electronic health surveys (all P < .001). In conclusion, after controlling for demographics, computer ownership, comfort in using Web-based systems including surveys, and access to computerized health records predicted preference for completing research-based health surveys by the Internet.

Beling J; Libertini LS; Sun Z; Masina VM; Albert NM

2011-05-01

232

Genomics Research: World Survey of Public Funding  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the past two decades, genomics has evolved as a scientific research discipline. Genomics research was fueled initially by government and nonprofit funding sources, later augmented by private research and development (R&D) funding. Citizens and taxpayers of many countries have funded much of the research, and have expectations about access to the resulting information and knowledge. While access to knowledge gained from all publicly funded research is desired, access is especially important for fields that have broad social impact and stimulate public dialogue. Genomics is one such field, where public concerns are raised for reasons such as health care and insurance implications, as well as personal and ancestral identification. Thus, genomics has grown rapidly as a field, and attracts considerable interest. Results One way to study the growth of a field of research is to examine its funding. This study focuses on public funding of genomics research, identifying and collecting data from major government and nonprofit organizations around the world, and updating previous estimates of world genomics research funding, including information about geographical origins. We initially identified 89 publicly funded organizations; we requested information about each organization's funding of genomics research. Of these organizations, 48 responded and 34 reported genomics research expenditures (of those that responded but did not supply information, some did not fund such research, others could not quantify it). The figures reported here include all the largest funders and we estimate that we have accounted for most of the genomics research funding from government and nonprofit sources. Conclusion Aggregate spending on genomics research from 34 funding sources averaged around $2.9 billion in 2003 – 2006. The United States spent more than any other country on genomics research, corresponding to 35% of the overall worldwide public funding (compared to 49% US share of public health research funding for all purposes). When adjusted to genomics funding intensity, however, the United States dropped below Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Canada, as measured both by genomics research expenditure per capita and per Gross Domestic Product.

Pohlhaus Jennifer; Cook-Deegan Robert M

2008-01-01

233

Improving management information systems research: Question order effects in surveys  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper demonstrates the impact that question order can have in using survey research in management information systems (MIS). Using data from a survey of 379 companies concerning electronic data interchange (EDI), significant differences are found in the evaluation of successful implementations....

Drury, DH; Farhoomand, A

234

Impact on and use of an inner-city London Infectious Diseases Department by international migrants: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The UK has witnessed a considerable increase in immigration in the past decade. Migrant may face barriers to accessing appropriate health care on arrival and the current focus on screening certain migrants for tuberculosis on arrival is considered inadequate. We assessed the implications for an inner-city London Infectious Diseases Department in a high migrant area. Methods We administered an anonymous 20-point questionnaire survey to all admitted patients during a 6 week period. Questions related to sociodemographic characteristics and clinical presentation. Analysis was by migration status (UK born vs overseas born). Results 111 of 133 patients completed the survey (response rate 83.4%). 58 (52.2%) were born in the UK; 53 (47.7%) of the cohort were overseas born. Overseas-born were over-represented in comparison to Census data for this survey site (47.7% vs 33.6%; proportional difference 0.142 [95% CI 0.049–0.235]; p = 0.002): overseas born reported 33 different countries of birth, most (73.6%) of whom arrived in the UK pre-1975 and self-reported their nationality as British. A smaller number (26.4%) were new migrants to the UK (?10 years), mostly refugees/asylum seekers. Overseas-born patients presented with a broad range and more severe spectrum of infections, differing from the UK-born population, resulting in two deaths in this group only. Presentation with a primary infection was associated with refugee/asylum status (n = 8; OR 6.35 [95% CI 1.28–31.50]; p = 0.023), being a new migrant (12; 10.62 [2.24–50.23]; p = 0.003), and being overseas born (31; 3.69 [1.67–8.18]; p = 0.001). Not having registered with a primary-care physician was associated with being overseas born, being a refugee/asylum seeker, being a new migrant, not having English as a first language, and being in the UK for ?5 years. No significant differences were found between groups in terms of duration of illness prior to presentation or duration of hospitalisation (mean 11.74 days [SD 12.69]). Conclusion Migrants presented with a range of more severe infections, which suggests they face barriers to accessing appropriate health care and screening both on arrival and once settled through primary care services. A more organised and holistic approach to migrant health care is required.

Cooke Graham; Hargreaves Sally; Natkunarajah Jana; Sandhu Gurjinder; Dhasmana Devesh; Eliahoo Joseph; Holmes Alison; Friedland Jon S

2007-01-01

235

Should breast reduction surgery be rationed? A comparison of the health status of patients before and after treatment: postal questionnaire survey.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the health status of patients before and after breast reduction surgery and to make comparisons with the health status of women in the general population. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey sent to patients before and six months after surgery. SETTING: The three plastic surger...

Klassen, A.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Jenkinson, C.; Goodacre, T.

236

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] National Institute of Radiological Sciences has carried out continuously since 1959 the survey and research on the environmental radioactivity level due to the radioactive fallouts accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from atomic energy facilities, as a part of the radioactivity survey and research performed by Science and Technology Agency. Now, accompanying the remarkable development of the peaceful utilization of atomic energy, the interest of people in environmental radioactivity has become high. Accordingly, the safety research in atomic energy utilization is strongly demanded, and the survey and research on radioactivity that is the base of the effect to environment and people become more important. In fiscal year 1987, the budget of more than 147 million yen was appropriated, and the survey of radioactivity level and dose in environment, foods and human bodies, the survey of level around atomic energy facilities, the business of the radioactivity data center, the basic investigation concerning the evaluation of the results of radioactivity survey, the training of technicians of environmental radiation monitoring and the survey and research on the measurement of and countermeasures to emergency exposure were carried out. These results are reported. (K.I.)

1988-01-01

237

A population based survey in Ethiopia using questionnaire as proxy to estimate obstetric fistula prevalence: results from demographic and health survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Obstetric Fistula (OF) remains a major public health problem in areas where unattended obstructed labor is common and maternal mortality is high. Obstetric Fistula was able to be prevented, treated and eradicated in high-income countries; however, it still affects many women in low-income countries. To our knowledge, only few studies have described the prevalence and factors associated with Obstetric Fistula in Ethiopia in population-based surveys. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and factors associated with Obstetric Fistula in Ethiopia. METHODS: The study used women's dataset from the 2005 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The survey sample was designed to provide national, urban/rural, and regional representative estimates of key health and demographic indicators. The sample was selected using a two-stage stratified sampling process. OF was measured using questionnaire. The data is analyzed using descriptive and multivariate statistical methods to determine factors associated with Obstetric Fistula. RESULTS: A total of 14,070 women of reproductive age group were included in the survey. Of which 23.2% ever heard of obstetric fistula. Among women who ever given birth (9,713), some 103 (1.06%, 95% CI; 0.89%-1.31%) experienced obstetric fistula in their lifetime, which means 10.6 per 1000 women who ever gave birth. It is estimated that in Ethiopia nearly 142,387 (95% CI: 115,080-169,694) of obstetric fistula patients exist. Those women who are circumcised had higher odds of reporting the condition (Chi square = 4.41, p-value = 0.036). In the logistic regression model women from rural areas were less likely to report obstetric fistula than their urban counterparts (OR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.06-0.69). Women who gave birth 10 or more had higher odds of developing obstetric fistula than women with 1-4 child (OR = 4.34; 95% CI; 1.29-14.55). CONCLUSIONS: Obstetric fistula is a major public and reproductive health concern in Ethiopia. This calls for increased access to emergency obstetric care, expansion of fistula repair service and active finding of women with OF with campaigns of ending fistula is recommended.

Biadgilign S; Lakew Y; Reda AA; Deribe K

2013-01-01

238

The use of paediatric artemisinin combinations in sub-Saharan Africa: a snapshot questionnaire survey of health care personnel  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Paediatric drug formulations for artemisinin combination therapy (P-ACT) have been developed over the past few years and have been shown to improve the therapeutic management of young children with uncomplicated falciparum malaria. This process was however not equally paralleled by a timely adoption of P-ACT in national and international treatment recommendations. National malaria programmes in sub-Saharan Africa have not yet widely embraced this new therapeutic tool. To which extent P-ACT is used in the field in sub-Saharan Africa is not known to date. Methods This snapshot questionnaire survey aimed to provide an overview on the current routine practices for the availability and use of P-ACT as anti-malarial treatment for young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Health care personnel in seven countries in West-, Central, and East-Africa were invited to answer a structured questionnaire assessing use and availability of P-ACT. Results A total of 71 respondents including doctors, nurses and pharmacy personnel responsible for the anti-malarial treatment of young children were interviewed. P-ACT was used by 83% (95% confidence interval: 73-90%; n = 59) as first-line treatment for young children. Use of 15 different P-ACT products was reported among which only two have received WHO prequalification status and approval by a stringent registration authority. Use of a specific P-ACT product was not linked to consumer prices or availability of supporting clinical trial data, but may depend more on the marketing capacity of the manufacturer. Major differences in frequency and dosing of anti-malarial regimens with identical anti-malarial compounds and the marketing of loose combinations were recorded. Conclusion Paediatric ACT is widely used for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in young children. However, the majority of P-ACT formulations in use do not meet highest international quality standards evoking concerns for patients' safety and the induction of drug resistance. Improving the quality of currently marketed P-ACT should constitute a public health priority besides their adoption into official treatment recommendations.

Agnandji Selidji T; Kurth Florian; Fernandes Jose F; Soulanoudjingar Solange S; Abossolo Beatrice P; Mombo-Ngoma Ghyslain; Basra Arti; González Raquel; Kizito Gondo; Mayengue Pembe I; Auer-Hackenberg Lorenz; Issifou Saadou; Lell Bertrand; Adegnika Ayola A; Ramharter Michael

2011-01-01

239

Predictors of staff distress in response to professionally experienced miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal loss: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nursing and medical staff in maternity and gynaecological settings regularly care for patients experiencing miscarriage, neonatal death and stillbirth as part of their work. Qualitative reports have suggested that perinatal death takes a significant emotional toll on staff but to date, reported distress has not been quantified. OBJECTIVES: The present study, using Lazarus and Folkman's transactional model of stress, explored the extent of staff distress, and its predictive factors, in a sample of United Kingdom nursing and medical staff. METHOD: A retrospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire survey was undertaken across five Midlands hospitals, inviting a total of 350 doctors, nurses and midwives to participate. In addition to sociodemographics, the questionnaires assessed staff distress, coping strategies and their perception of working environment via the Impact of Events Scale (IES), Positive And Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Brief COPE, and Work Environment Scale (WES) respectively. RESULTS: 54% of eligible staff responded. IES scores revealed 55% of participants reporting subjective distress levels indicating a 'high' level of clinical concern. Multiple regression revealed that whilst no socio-demographic variable predicted distress, negative affect experienced at time of care (p=.002; CI 0.164-0.683) negative appraisal of care given to the family (p=.003; CI 0.769-3.358), cumulative number of losses experienced (p=0.004; CI 0.713-3.778), maladaptive ways of coping (p=.000; CI 0.482-1.136), and staff perceptions of support outside work significantly predicted distress (p=0.023; CI -4.818 to -0.355). Working environment, specifically lack of supervisor support, was significantly correlated with negative coping strategies (r=-0.242, p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Staff working in these settings appear to experience significant levels of subjective distress, with appraisals of care and coping styles rendering staff more vulnerable. Formal training does not appear to be protective, however opportunity could be given to access support and supervision to mitigate distress and encourage reappraisal of care during which neonatal death has occurred.

Wallbank S; Robertson N

2013-08-01

240

Development of a perioperative medicine research agenda: a cross sectional survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Post-operative complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing surgery. However, there is little research in the emerging field of perioperative medicine beyond cardiac risk stratification. We sought to determine the research priorities for perioperative medicine using a cross sectional survey of Canadian and American general internists. Methods Surveys were electronically sent to 312 general internists from the Canadian Society of Internal Medicine and 130 internists from the perioperative medicine research interest group within the US based Society of General Internal Medicine. The questionnaire contained thirty research questions and respondents were asked to rate the priority of these questions for future study. Results The research topics with the highest ratings included: the need for tight control of diabetes mellitus postoperatively and the value of starting aspirin on patients at increased risk for postoperative cardiac events. Research questions evaluating the efficacy and safety of perioperative interventions had higher ratings than questions relating to the prediction of postoperative risk. Questions relating to the yield of preoperative diagnostic tests had the lowest ratings (p Conclusion The results of this survey suggest that practicing general internists believe that interventions studies are a priority within perioperative medicine. These findings should help prioritize research in this emerging field.

Khan Nadia A; Taher Taha; McAlister Finlay A; Ferland Andre; Campbell Norman R; Ghali William A

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, as a part of the radioactivity survey and research of Science and Technology Agency, the survey of environmental radioactivity level due to the radioactive fallout accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from nuclear facilities and others and the safety analysis of these have been carried out. The radioactivity and dose survey for environment, foods and human bodies, the survey of the level around nuclear facilities, the business of radioactivity data center, the basic investigation for the evaluation of the results of radioactivity survey, the training of environmental radiation monitoring technicians and the investigation and research of the measurement of emergency radiation exposure and countermeasures were carried out. Those results are summarized. (K.I.)

1990-01-01

242

Cancer survivors' exercise barriers, facilitators and preferences in the context of fatigue, quality of life and physical activity participation: a questionnaire-survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the exercise barriers, facilitators and preferences of a mixed sample of cancer survivors as well as fatigue levels, quality of life (QoL) and the frequency and intensity of exercise that cancer survivors typically engage in. METHODS: An anonymous, postal questionnaire-survey with a convenience sample of 975 cancer survivors was used. Standardised measures were used to establish fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory-Short Form), QoL (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30), exercise frequency and intensity (Leisure Score Index). RESULTS: A 52.3% response rate (n = 456) was achieved. A total of 76.0% were female, with stage I (18.3%) or stage II (21.0%) breast cancer (64.4%), and 62.3% were ? 3 years post treatment. A total of 73.5% reported fatigue with 57.2% experiencing fatigue on a daily basis. A total of 68.1% had never been given any advice on how to manage fatigue. A total of 9.4% reported to engage in strenuous physical activity, 43.5% in moderate physical activity and 65.5% in mild physical activity. Respondents experienced difficulties with emotional, cognitive and social functioning and the symptoms of fatigue, insomnia and pain. Barriers that interfered with exercise 'often/very often' were mainly related to respondents' health and environmental factors. A total of 50.2% were interested in exercise and 52.5% felt able to exercise. Exercise facilitators, preferences and motivators provide some insight into cancer survivors' needs in terms of becoming more physically active. CONCLUSIONS: Although cancer survivors continue to experience fatigue and QoL issues long after treatment completion, over half are willing and feel able to participate in exercise. Exercise barriers were mainly health related or environmental issues, however, the main barriers reported were those that had the potential to be alleviated by exercise.

Blaney JM; Lowe-Strong A; Rankin-Watt J; Campbell A; Gracey JH

2013-01-01

243

Internet survey of the influence of environmental factors on human health: environmental epidemiologic investigation using the web-based daily questionnaire for health.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

With increasing Internet coverage, the use of a web-based survey for epidemiological study is a possibility. We performed an investigation in Japan in winter 2008 using the web-based daily questionnaire for health (WDQH). The WDQH is a web-based questionnaire survey formulated to obtain information about the daily physical condition of the general public on a real-time basis, in order to study correlations between changes in physical health and changes in environmental factors. Respondents were asked whether they felt ill and had specific symptoms including fever. We analysed the environmental factors along with the health conditions obtained from the WDQH. Four factors were found to influence health: minimum temperature, hours of sunlight, median humidity and weekday or holiday. The WDQH allowed a daily health survey in the general population in real time via the Internet.

Sano T; Akahane M; Sugiura H; Ohkusa Y; Okabe N; Imamura T

2013-01-01

244

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), conducted December 14 through 18, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. The team includes outside experts supplied by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with SERI. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at SERI, and interviews with site personnel. 33 refs., 22 figs., 21 tabs.

1988-10-01

245

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), rivers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents was (more) hed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Ogendi, Edwin; Maina, Naomi; Kagira, John; Ngotho, Maina; Mbugua, Gabriel; Karanja, Simon

2013-01-01

246

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) in real-world practice: a national multicenter survey on 8065 patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) has been developed for diagnosis of GERD. However, no study investigated its value in real-world practice. This study aimed to investigate whether GerdQ can be used for diagnosis of GERD in China. METHODS: A national multicenter survey was undertaken; all patients who underwent first diagnostic upper endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were included. Data including the gender, age, symptoms, and endoscopic findings were prospectively recorded. The GerdQ score was measured before endoscopic procedure. RESULTS: Totally, 8065 patients were included. One thousand four hundred and thirty-five patients (17.8%) had reflux esophagitis. Among them, 620 (43.2%) patients' GerdQ score was ? 8. For 2025 patients with GerdQ ? 8, 620 (30.6%) were found to have reflux esophagitis, but the remaining 69.4% (1405/2025) were normal. Proportions of patients with reflux esophagitis increased in cut-off range from 3-18 for GerdQ. However, 22.2% of the patients with a GerdQ score ? 2 also had reflux esophagitis. Twenty-eight (0.3%) patients were diagnosed to have upper GI malignancies, and 10 out of these 28 (35.7%) patients' GerdQ score was ? 8. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests the proportions of Chinese patients with reflux esophagitis rise up with the increase of GerdQ score, and GerdQ may be used for diagnosis of GERD. However, low GerdQ score cannot exclude the possibility of reflux esophagitis. A minority of Chinese patients has high GerdQ score but is diagnosed with malignancies, even in the absence of alarm features.

Bai Y; Du Y; Zou D; Jin Z; Zhan X; Li ZS; Yang Y; Liu Y; Zhang S; Qian J; Zhou L; Hao J; Chen D; Fang D; Fan D; Yu X; Sha W; Nie Y; Zhang X; Xu H; Lv N; Jiang B; Zou X; Fang J; Fan J; Li Y; Chen W; Wang B; Zou Y; Li Y; Sun M; Chen Q; Chen M; Zhao X

2013-04-01

247

Questionnaire survey on the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), rivers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Ogendi E; Maina N; Kagira J; Ngotho M; Mbugua G; Karanja S

2013-01-01

248

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), rivers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Edwin Ogendi; Naomi Maina; John Kagira; Maina Ngotho; Gabriel Mbugua; Simon Karanja

2013-01-01

249

Do occupational therapy and physiotherapy students care about research? A survey of perceptions and attitudes to research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Do occupational therapy and physiotherapy students care about research? A survey of perceptions and attitudes to research. In this cross-sectional study, we have used a questionnaire to study perceptions and attitudes to research-related activities of Swedish occupational therapy and physiotherapy first (T1) and final term (T6) students. Two hundred and eleven students from programmes employing either problem-based learning (PBL) or traditional education methods participated. The results showed that students had a positive attitude towards research, particularly for the activity 'read research literature to update knowledge' and 'apply research findings to improve practice'. When T1 were compared with T6 students, the ability to perform research-related activities was rated significantly higher by T6 students regardless of educational methods. A comparison of PBL and the traditional educational method resulted in moderate but significant differences. The PBL students had a more positive attitude towards research and to a greater extent intended to engage in research activities in the future. The results give hope for a positive future development of the occupational therapy and physiotherapy professions and a PBL education method may be more conducive to the shaping of a research consumer than a traditional method, although more research is needed to substantiate these claims. PMID:12453170

Kamwendo, K; Törnquist, K

2001-01-01

250

Do occupational therapy and physiotherapy students care about research? A survey of perceptions and attitudes to research.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Do occupational therapy and physiotherapy students care about research? A survey of perceptions and attitudes to research. In this cross-sectional study, we have used a questionnaire to study perceptions and attitudes to research-related activities of Swedish occupational therapy and physiotherapy first (T1) and final term (T6) students. Two hundred and eleven students from programmes employing either problem-based learning (PBL) or traditional education methods participated. The results showed that students had a positive attitude towards research, particularly for the activity 'read research literature to update knowledge' and 'apply research findings to improve practice'. When T1 were compared with T6 students, the ability to perform research-related activities was rated significantly higher by T6 students regardless of educational methods. A comparison of PBL and the traditional educational method resulted in moderate but significant differences. The PBL students had a more positive attitude towards research and to a greater extent intended to engage in research activities in the future. The results give hope for a positive future development of the occupational therapy and physiotherapy professions and a PBL education method may be more conducive to the shaping of a research consumer than a traditional method, although more research is needed to substantiate these claims.

Kamwendo K; Törnquist K

2001-01-01

251

Current status of postoperative follow-up for lung cancer in Japan. Questionnaire survey by the Setouchi Lung Cancer Study Group-A0901  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is no recommended standard follow-up program after resection for lung cancer. Under these circumstances, each doctor establishes his or her own follow-up protocol. This questionnaire survey was conducted to grasp the current status of postoperative follow-up in Japan. The questionnaire survey was aimed at determining what examinations were performed and at what frequencies in the setting of postoperative follow-up. Based on these results, examinations performed at a frequency of >50% and the time points after resection at which they were performed were selected and presented as components of an average follow-up program. Questionnaires were sent to 44 institutions, and 26 doctors responded to the questionnaire. All 26 of the doctors performed physical examinations, blood examinations, chest radiography, and computed tomography (CT) routinely, but their frequencies varied widely among the doctors. The average frequencies of the follow-up examinations as judged from this survey are as follows: Physical and blood examinations are performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and twice a year during the next 2 years. CT is scheduled at 6 and 12 months after resection and is repeated annually thereafter. Chest radiography is performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and once a year thereafter, between the CT examinations. The follow-up programs used in clinical practice vary widely among institutions and doctors in terms of the types of examination performed and the frequencies at which they are performed. (author)

2012-01-01

252

International cross-cultural field validation of an European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire module for patients with primary liver cancer, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaire HCC18.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This international field validation study examined the psychometric properties and clinical validity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaire module for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the EORTC quality-of-life questionnaire (QLQ)-HCC18. The EORTC QLQ-HCC18 was administered with the core questionnaire, the EORTC QLQ-C30, to 272 patients from seven centers in 6 countries. Patient acceptability of the module was examined with a debriefing questionnaire, and psychometric and clinical properties were assessed. Multitrait scaling analyses confirmed the hypothesized scale structure without any scaling error, and the fatigue scale demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency. The test-retest reliability scores were high for all scales, except abdominal swelling and sexual interest. The correlations between all scales of the QLQ-HCC18 and the QLQ-C30 were low or moderate, and many scales could distinguish patients with different clinical conditions. The module demonstrated responsiveness to clinical change in pain before and after surgery and some borderline change in patients undergoing systemic treatment. Conclusion: The EORTC QLQ-HCC18 can be used as a supplementary module for the EORTC QLQ-C30 in clinical trials for patients with HCC.

Chie WC; Blazeby JM; Hsiao CF; Chiu HC; Poon RT; Mikoshiba N; Al-Kadhimi G; Heaton N; Calara J; Collins P; Caddick K; Costantini A; Vilgrain V; Trinquart L; Chiang C

2012-04-01

253

International cross-cultural field validation of an European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire module for patients with primary liver cancer, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality-of-life questionnaire HCC18.  

Science.gov (United States)

This international field validation study examined the psychometric properties and clinical validity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaire module for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the EORTC quality-of-life questionnaire (QLQ)-HCC18. The EORTC QLQ-HCC18 was administered with the core questionnaire, the EORTC QLQ-C30, to 272 patients from seven centers in 6 countries. Patient acceptability of the module was examined with a debriefing questionnaire, and psychometric and clinical properties were assessed. Multitrait scaling analyses confirmed the hypothesized scale structure without any scaling error, and the fatigue scale demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency. The test-retest reliability scores were high for all scales, except abdominal swelling and sexual interest. The correlations between all scales of the QLQ-HCC18 and the QLQ-C30 were low or moderate, and many scales could distinguish patients with different clinical conditions. The module demonstrated responsiveness to clinical change in pain before and after surgery and some borderline change in patients undergoing systemic treatment. Conclusion: The EORTC QLQ-HCC18 can be used as a supplementary module for the EORTC QLQ-C30 in clinical trials for patients with HCC. PMID:22105642

Chie, Wei-Chu; Blazeby, Jane M; Hsiao, Chin-Fu; Chiu, Herng-Chia; Poon, Ronnie T; Mikoshiba, Naoko; Al-Kadhimi, Gillian; Heaton, Nigel; Calara, Jozer; Collins, Peter; Caddick, Katharine; Costantini, Anna; Vilgrain, Valerie; Trinquart, Ludovic; Chiang, Chieh

2012-03-01

254

A survey of attitudes toward clinical research among physicians at Kyoto University Hospital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Japan, only clinical research related to investigational new drug trials must be notified to regulatory bodies, and this lack of a uniform standard for clinical research has caused a number of difficulties. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of physicians to participate in clinical research and to identify effective methods to promote and enhance clinical research. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey by administrating questionnaires to physicians in 31 departments in Kyoto University Hospital from October through November 2007. Results A total of 51.5% (310 of 602) of physicians completed the questionnaire. More than two-thirds of them reported currently participating in clinical research, and nearly all believed that clinical research is necessary for physicians. Less than 20% of respondents had specific training regarding clinical research, and most reported a need to acquire concepts and skills regarding clinical research, especially those related to statistics. "Paperwork was complicated and onerous" was the most frequently cited obstacle in conducting clinical research, followed by "few eligible patients" and "lack of time". Previous participation in and prospective participation in clinical research, previous writing a research protocol were positively associated with current participation in clinical research. Conclusions Physicians in university hospitals need more training regarding clinical research, particularly in biostatistics. They also require administrative assistance. Our findings indicate that the quality of clinical research could be improved if training in clinical research methodology and biostatistics were provided, and if greater assistance in the preparation of study documents requested by the institutional Independent Ethics Committee were available.

Sumi Eriko; Murayama Toshinori; Yokode Masayuki

2009-01-01

255

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1997; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

1998-01-01

256

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1998; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1999-12-01

257

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1998; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

1999-01-01

258

The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper summarizes the outcomes of the 2009 OCLC Research survey of 275 research libraries in the United States and Canada regarding the current status of their special collections and archives. The resulting report, Taking Our Pulse: The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives, includes detailed analysis of the data and thirteen recommendations for community action. The three most common challenges named by respondents were space, digitization, and born-digital materials. Collections are growing dramatically, use of all types of material has increased, substantial backlogs remain, and 75% of library budgets have been reduced in recent years.

Jackie M. Dooley

2011-01-01

259

The mediating role of organizational justice in the relationship between transformational leadership and nurses' quality of work life: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The importance of transformational leadership for nurses' well-being is increasingly acknowledged. However, there is a paucity of research examining the mechanisms that may explain the relationships between transformational leadership and nurses' quality of work life. OBJECTIVES: First, to examine two possible psychological mechanisms that link transformational leadership behaviors to nurses' quality of work life. Second, to study the relationship between nurses' quality of work life and their work engagement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. SETTINGS: The study took place in 47 different hematology, oncology, and hematology/oncology units in France. Participants were nurses and auxiliary nurses. PARTICIPANTS: 343 nurses completed the questionnaire. Surveys were sent to all nurses working in the units. 95% were female, the average age was 36.30 years. METHODS: Nurses were asked to rate their supervisor's transformational leadership style and their perceptions of distributive and interactional justice in the unit. They were also asked to evaluate their own level of quality of work life and their work engagement. RESULTS: Distributive justice and interactional justice were found to fully mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and nurses' quality of work life. In addition, nurses' quality of work life positively related to their work engagement. CONCLUSIONS: Transformational leaders may help ensure nurses' quality of work life which in turn increases their work engagement. These leadership practices are thus beneficial for both employees and organization.

Gillet N; Fouquereau E; Bonnaud-Antignac A; Mokounkolo R; Colombat P

2013-10-01

260

Identification of potential participant scientists and development of procedures for a national inventory of selected biological monitoring programs: a mail questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Procedural details of how the National Biological Monitoring Inventory was conducted are described. Results of a nationwide telephone campaign to identify principal investigators and also of a nationwide questionnaire mailing to the investigators identified are presented. On the basis of percentage of questionnaire returns (nearly 50 percent), the Inventory was judged to be successful. The communication procedures, guidelines, and formats developed may be useful to others engaged in this type of research

1978-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Thrombo-prophylaxis in colorectal surgery: a National Questionnaire Survey of the members of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: Available guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (ACPGBI) recommend combined (medical + mechanical) thrombo- prophylaxis. A Cochrane Library review recommends self-administered low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for 2-3 weeks following surgery. In the light of the recent guidelines from the ACPGBI and NICE, we undertook a National Questionnaire Survey to assess current thrombo-prophylaxis practice among colorectal surgeons in the UK. METHOD: A 10-item questionnaire was designed to enquire into the current management strategy of postoperative thrombo-prophylaxis. The postal questionnaire survey was sent to all 490 active consultant members of the ACPGBI. RESULTS: Of the 490 questionnaires sent, 259 (52.8%) were returned fully completed. Among these, all (100%) respondents reported the routine use of thrombo-prophylaxis, with 243 (93.8%) following departmental guidelines. Combined medical and mechanical prophylaxis was used by 247 (95.40%) respondents. A small number - 12 (4.6%) - used medical prophylaxis only. LMWH was the preferred medical-prophylactic agent of 243 (93.8%) repondents. The majority, 176 (68%), started thrombo-prophylaxis on admission and stopped it at discharge. Seventy-one (27.4%) respondents recommended thrombo-prophylaxis after hospital discharge for an average duration of 4-6 weeks, preferring graduated compression stockings followed by LMWH. CONCLUSION: The National Questionnaire Survey on thrombo-prophylaxis demonstrated a high degree of concordance with the available guidelines, except for thrombo-prophylaxis to be continued postoperatively for a period of 28 days/4 weeks.

Srinivasaiah N; Arsalani-Zadeh R; Monson JR

2012-07-01

262

Research on the Structure of Teacher Learning Strategies and Its Questionnaire Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many different viewpoints on the structural model of teacher learning strategies even though it also plays an important role to reveal their learning psychological mechanism. It is found that the questionnaire of teacher learning strategies consist of 48 items which can classify six parts such as observing and exploring strategies, reflecting and questioning strategies, team learning strategies, knowledge transferring strategies, information managing strategies and self direction strategies through EFA, and the structure can explain 60.85% about the mutation rate of variance. It have satisfied psychometrics indexes which the range of SymbolaA@ between 0.76~0.95 and the test-retset reliability between 0.54~0.78. The model structure'? index have better data fitting quality that RMSEA is 0.06, and GFI is 0.85, the range of relative adaptation degree index above 0.85 with CFA by AMOS 7.0. So, the questionnaire of teacher learning strategies is an effective tool.

PENG Wen-bo; XU Tao; LIU Dian-zhi

2013-01-01

263

A survey of research programs in radiation protection in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey of research programs in Canada concerned with radiation protection was conducted in 1991-92 by the Joint Subcommittee on Regulatory Research (JSCRR) of the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) Advisory Committees on Radiological Protection and on Nuclear Safety. The purpose of this survey was to determine the current state of funding for this type of research in Canada. Funding for health-related radiation research in Canada is critical to establishing and maintaining a supply of trained professionals who can provide competent advice on health-related problems in radiation protection. The present report is an analysis of the information received in this survey. This survey concludes with the recommendation that the organization and definition of subprograms for the AECB Regulatory Research and Support Program should be completed as soon as possible. In this report the JSCRR should assist AECB staff in preparing a report in which priorities for research related to radiation protection are indicated. The sources of information noted at the end of the Discussion section of this report should be considered for this purpose. (author). 15 refs., 3 tabs.

1995-01-01

264

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The National Institute of Radiological Sciences has been surveyed, as part of the radioactivity research project by the Science and Technology Agency, radioactivity levels in the environment and safety analysis for radioactive fallouts associated with nuclear weapons tests since 1959 and effluents from nuclear installations. With a remarkable advent of the peaceful applications of radionuclides, radioactivity in the environment has been becoming a matter of concern for the population in Japan. Radioactivity research is considered to become more important because it may provide clues for the basis of its influences upon the human body and environment. This report gives a survey of the radioactivity research project performed in the fiscal year 1988. The following topics are covered: (1) radioactivity levels and dosimetry in the environment, foods, and human body; (2) radioactivity levels surrounding nuclear installations; (3) services in the Radioactivity Survey Data Center; (4) basic survey of evaluation for the results of radioactivity levels; (5) training of technichians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (6) survey research for dosimetry and countermeasures at emergency. (N.K.)

1989-01-01

265

Involvement of consumers in studies run by the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit: Results of a survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We aimed to establish levels of consumer involvement in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses and other studies carried out by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) Clinical Trials Unit across the range of research programs, predominantly in cancer and HIV. Methods Staff responsible for studies that were included in a Unit Progress Report (MRC CTU, April 2009) were asked to complete a semi-structured questionnaire survey regarding consumer involvement. This was defined as active involvement of consumers as partners in the research process and not as subjects of that research. The electronic questionnaires combined open and closed questions, intended to capture quantitative and qualitative information on whether studies had involved consumers; types of activities undertaken; recruitment and support; advantages and disadvantages of involvement and its perceived impact on aspects of the research. Results Between October 2009 and April 2010, 138 completed questionnaires (86%) were returned. Studies had been conducted over a 20 year period from 1989, and around half were in cancer; 30% in HIV and 20% were in other disease areas including arthritis, tuberculosis and blood transfusion medicine. Forty-three studies (31%) had some consumer involvement, most commonly as members of trial management groups (TMG) [88%]. A number of positive impacts on both the research and the researcher were identified. Researchers generally felt involvement was worthwhile and some felt that consumer involvement had improved the credibility of the research. Benefits in design and quality, trial recruitment, dissemination and decision making were also perceived. Researchers felt they learned from consumer involvement, albeit that there were some barriers. Conclusions Whilst most researchers identified benefits of involving consumers, most of studies included in the survey had no involvement. Information from this survey will inform the development of a unit policy on consumer involvement, to guide future research conducted within the MRC Clinical Trials Unit and beyond.

Vale Claire L; Thompson Lindsay C; Murphy Claire; Forcat Silvia; Hanley Bec

2012-01-01

266

Using formative research to design an epidemiologic survey: the north Carolina study of home care and hospice nurses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Formative research can serve as a means of obtaining important information for designing an epidemiologic study, but descriptions of this approach in the epidemiologic literature are lacking. The objective of this paper is to describe the use of three formative research techniques in designing a survey of home care and hospice nurses. METHODS: We conducted two focus groups, seven key informant interviews, and approximately fifteen hours of direct observation among home care and hospice nurses recruited by word of mouth in North Carolina in 2006. RESULTS: We used information obtained from the formative research to decide which survey design would likely be most successful with this population (mail survey, as opposed to Internet survey or in-person interviews), which measure to use for the denominator of the blood exposure incidence rates (number of visits, as opposed to patient-time), and which items and response options to include in the questionnaire, as well as to identify specific survey techniques that would likely increase the response rate (emphasizing the regional focus of the study; sending the questionnaire to the home address). CONCLUSION: When particular information for planning a study is unavailable from the literature or the investigator's experience, formative research can be an effective means of obtaining that information.

Leiss JK; Lyden JT; Klein C

2011-01-01

267

The profile of patients attending national health service sport and exercise medicine clinics: a questionnaire based survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2005, sport and exercise medicine (SEM) became a specialty in the United Kingdom to provide expert treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and promote physical activity (Cullen et al. BJSM 2005;39:250). There is no published research on the utilisation of publicly-funded SEM clinics. We investigated National Health Service (NHS) SEM patient sociodemographics, exercise participation, injuries and management in order to assess clinic accessibility and inform the development of services and SEM specialist training to better meet patient demands. This was a longitudinal observational study using a two-part questionnaire, Part A completed by patients and Part B by clinicians. We attempted to include all patients during December 2011 to April 2012 at all NHS SEM clinics in the London Deanery and two in the Oxford and West Midlands Deaneries. Exercise medicine referrals were not seen in these clinics so could not be included. Two clinics in London, four clinicians, 27 patients participated. Overall 70% (19/27) male, 67% (18/27) white, mean age 30, all employed, in full-time education or retired. Injuries were chronic instability, joint sprain, muscle, cartilage and tendon injury, from running 26% (7/27), football, non-sports, other sports each 15% (4/27). Eleven percent (3/27) did no sport. Six of seven that answered required imaging. Onward referrals were to orthopaedics, physiotherapy, general practise and podiatry. Descriptive analysis showed clinic demographics reflected area residents. Most injuries were at the knee with high demand for MRI and referral to orthopaedic services. Future studies should increase sample sizes to better understand sociodemographics, whether patients see multiple physicians before appropriate referral to NHS SEM clinic (O'Halloran et al. BJSM 2009;43(14):1143-8), if injury types are generalisable across clinics, and whether exercise medicine is being delivered alongside care of musculoskeletal injuries. PMID:24159110

Watura, C; O'Halloran, P; Maffulli, N; Hughes, C; Morrissey, D

2013-11-01

268

Do response rates and responses differ between mail and internet answers in a mixed mode survey? A comparison of qualitative business survey data collected by regular mail and internet questionnaires  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

For many years, Business Tendency Surveys on the basis of mailing suffer from an erosion of the response rate. To counter this problem, there are traditional methods as limitation of the number of questions, improvement of the design of the questionnaire, intensified recalls by mail or telephone, mo...

Etter, Richard

269

What motivates British parents to consent for research? A questionnaire study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Informed consent is the backbone of a clinical trial. In children this is given by their parents. There have been many studies in the neonatal population but little is known about the views of the parents of infants and young children from within the United Kingdom. The objectives of this study were to assess what motivates parents to consent to a randomised clinical trial (RCT), their feelings on consent and participation and the factors that would influence their decision to take part in a future study. Methods The setting was a multi-centre randomised but non-blinded equivalence trial of oral versus intravenous (IV) treatment for community acquired pneumonia in previously well children aged 6 months to 16 years in the UK (PIVOT Study). Parents were sent a postal questionnaire at the end of the study which included open and closed-ended questions. Fishers Exact Test was used to analyse associations in non parametric categorical data. Results 243 children were recruited into the PIVOT study. Of a possible 235, 136 questionnaires were returned (response rate 59%). Of those questionnaires returned; 98% of parents remembered consenting, 95% felt they were given enough time to make their decision and 96% felt they received enough information. Major reasons for participation were benefit to other children in the future 31%, contribution to science 27%, benefit to their own child 18%. Most parents (85%) did not feel obliged to participate. 62% felt there was an advantage to taking part and 18% felt there was a disadvantage. 91% of parents said they would take part in a similar study in the future, stating influences on their decision being benefit to their own child (91%) and benefit to all children (89%). Conclusion The major motivation in parents consenting for their previously well child to participate in an RCT of therapy for an acute medical illness was to increase medical knowledge in the future. Most saw an advantage in taking part in the trial and did not feel obliged to participate.

Sammons Helen M; Atkinson Maria; Choonara Imti; Stephenson Terence

2007-01-01

270

Construction of a US Fibromyalgia Registry Using the Fibromyalgia Research Survey Criteria.  

Science.gov (United States)

Utilizing billing records, we identified patients seen at Mayo Clinic with a diagnosis or history of fibromyalgia who were then contacted for enrollment in a fibromyalgia research registry. Fibromyalgia was confirmed through medical record review. Eligible patients were mailed an invitation that included a demographic questionnaire and the Fibromyalgia Research Survey. The Fibromyalgia Research Survey yields a widespread pain score (scale range 0-19) and a symptom severity score (scale range 0-12). A total of 4,034 patients returned the completed survey; 92.8% were female, their mean age was 57.4 (±13.4), and 83.7% were from the Midwest region of the United States. The mean widespread pain score for all participants was 11.3 (±4.5) and the mean symptom severity score was 8.2 (±2.4), indicating moderate-to-severe fibromyalgia symptoms, which is not unusual for patients presenting to a tertiary care center. Using a systematic process, we describe the creation of a fibromyalgia registry for future research. PMID:24127929

Whipple, Mary O; McAllister, Samantha J; Oh, Terry H; Luedtke, Connie A; Toussaint, Loren L; Vincent, Ann

2013-04-19

271

Construction of a US Fibromyalgia Registry Using the Fibromyalgia Research Survey Criteria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Utilizing billing records, we identified patients seen at Mayo Clinic with a diagnosis or history of fibromyalgia who were then contacted for enrollment in a fibromyalgia research registry. Fibromyalgia was confirmed through medical record review. Eligible patients were mailed an invitation that included a demographic questionnaire and the Fibromyalgia Research Survey. The Fibromyalgia Research Survey yields a widespread pain score (scale range 0-19) and a symptom severity score (scale range 0-12). A total of 4,034 patients returned the completed survey; 92.8% were female, their mean age was 57.4 (±13.4), and 83.7% were from the Midwest region of the United States. The mean widespread pain score for all participants was 11.3 (±4.5) and the mean symptom severity score was 8.2 (±2.4), indicating moderate-to-severe fibromyalgia symptoms, which is not unusual for patients presenting to a tertiary care center. Using a systematic process, we describe the creation of a fibromyalgia registry for future research.

Whipple MO; McAllister SJ; Oh TH; Luedtke CA; Toussaint LL; Vincent A

2013-10-01

272

Improvement research priorities: USA survey and expert consensus.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to identify stakeholder views about national priorities for improvement science and build agreement for action in a national improvement and implementation research network in the USA. This was accomplished using three stages of identification and consensus. (1) Topics were identified through a multipronged environmental scan of the literature and initiatives. (2) Based on this scan, a survey was developed, and stakeholders (n = 2,777) were invited to rate the resulting 33-topic, 9-category list, via an online survey. Data from 560 respondents (20% response) were analyzed. (3) An expert panel used survey results to further refine the research priorities through a Rand Delphi process. Priorities identified were within four categories: care coordination and transitions, high-performing clinical systems and microsystems improvement approaches, implementation of evidence-based improvements and best practices, and culture of quality and safety. The priorities identified were adopted by the improvement science research network as the research agenda to guide strategy. The process and conclusions may be of value to quality improvement research funding agencies, governments, and research units seeking to concentrate their resources on improvement topics where research is capable of yielding timely and actionable answers as well as contributing to the knowledge base for improvement.

Stevens KR; Ovretveit J

2013-01-01

273

A Survey of Context-Aware Mobile Computing Research  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Context-aware computing is a mobile computing paradigm in which applications can discover and take advantage of contextual information (such as user location, time of day, nearby people and devices, and user activity). Since it was proposed about a decade ago, many researchers have studied this topic and built several context-aware applications to demonstrate the usefulness of this new technology. Context-aware applications (or the system infrastructure to support them), however, have never been widely available to everyday users. In this survey of research on context-aware systems and applications, we looked in depth at the types of context used and models of context information, at systems that support collecting and disseminating context, and at applications that adapt to the changing context. Through this survey, it is clear that context-aware research is an old but rich area for research. The difficulties and possible solutions we outline serve as guidance for re...

Guanling Chen; David Kotz

274

Quality of life and discriminating power of two questionnaires in fibromyalgia patients: fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey A qualidade de vida e o poder de discriminação de dois questionários em pacientes com fibromialgia: fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire e Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a painful syndrome characterized by widespread chronic pain and associated symptoms with a negative impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: Considering the subjectivity of quality of life measurements, the aim of this study was to verify the discriminating power of two quality of life questionnaires in patients with fibromyalgia: the generic Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the specific Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 participants divided into Fibromyalgia Group (FG) and Control Group (CG) (n=75 in each group). The participants were evaluated using the SF-36 and the FIQ. The data were analyzed by the Student t-test (?=0.05) and inferential analysis using the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) Curve - sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC). The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: The sample was similar for age (CG: 47.8±8.1; FG: 47.0±7.7 years). A significant difference was observed in quality of life assessment in all aspects of both questionnaires (pCONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A fibromialgia é uma síndrome dolorosa caracterizada por dor espalhada e crônica e sintomas associados com um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida. OBJETIVOS: Considerando a subjetividade da mensuração de qualidade de vida, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o poder de discriminação de dois questionários que avaliam a qualidade de vida de pacientes com fibromialgia: o genérico Medical Short Form Healthy Survey (SF-36) e o específico Questionário do Impacto da Fibromialgia (QIF). MÉTODOS: Foi conduzido um estudo transversal com 150 indivíduos, divididos em dois grupos: grupo fibromialgia (FM) e grupo controle (GC) (n=75 em ambos). Os pacientes foram avaliados pelo SF-36 e pelo QIF. Na análise dos dados, utilizou-se o teste "t de Student" com ?=0,05 e a Curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristics Curve). RESULTADOS: As amostras foram estatisticamente semelhantes para a idade - 47,8 (8,1) no GC e 47,0 (7,7) no FM - e estatisticamente diferentes em todos os aspectos dos dois questionários (SF-36 e QIF). Alta sensibilidade, especificidade e área abaixo da curva (AUC) foram obtidas com o QIF (96%, 96%, 0,985 respectivamente), seguido pelo SF-36 (88%, 89% e 0,948 AUC). CONCLUSÃO: O QIF mostrou-se mais discriminativo do que o SF-36 para avaliar a qualidade de vida de fibromiálgicos. No entanto, o SF-36 é também um bom instrumento de avaliação e sugere-se que ambos sejam usados uma vez que avaliam aspectos relevantes e complementares da qualidade de vida.

Ana Assumpção; Tatiana Pagano; Luciana A. Matsutani; Elizabeth A. G. Ferreira; Carlos A. B. Pereira; Amélia P. Marques

2010-01-01

275

Bridging the gaps among research, policy and practice in ten low- and middle-income countries: Development and testing of a questionnaire for researchers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A questionnaire could assist researchers, policymakers, and healthcare providers to describe and monitor changes in efforts to bridge the gaps among research, policy and practice. No questionnaire focused on researchers' engagement in bridging activities related to high-priority topics (or the potential correlates of their engagement) has been developed and tested in a range of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods Country teams from ten LMICs (China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senegal, and Tanzania) participated in the development and testing of a questionnaire. To assess reliability we calculated the internal consistency of items within each of the ten conceptual domains related to bridging activities (specifically Cronbach's alpha). To assess face and content validity we convened several teleconferences and a workshop. To assess construct validity we calculated the correlation between scales and counts (i.e., criterion measures) for the three countries that employed both and we calculated the correlation between different but theoretically related (i.e., convergent) measures for all countries. Results Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) for sets of related items was very high, ranging from 0.89 (0.86-0.91) to 0.96 (0.95-0.97), suggesting some item redundancy. Both face and content validity were determined to be high. Assessments of construct validity using criterion-related measures showed statistically significant associations for related measures (with gammas ranging from 0.36 to 0.73). Assessments using convergent measures also showed significant associations (with gammas ranging from 0.30 to 0.50). Conclusions While no direct comparison can be made to a comparable questionnaire, our findings do suggest a number of strengths of the questionnaire but also the need to reduce item redundancy and to test its capacity to monitor changes over time.

Cameron David; Lavis John N; Guindon G Emmanuel; Akhtar Tasleem; Becerra Posada Francisco; Ndossi Godwin D; Boupha Boungnong

2010-01-01

276

Research Strategy and Scoping Survey on Spreadsheet Practices  

CERN Multimedia

We propose a research strategy for creating and deploying prescriptive recommendations for spreadsheet practice. Empirical data on usage can be used to create a taxonomy of spreadsheet classes. Within each class, existing practices and ideal practices can he combined into proposed best practices for deployment. As a first step we propose a scoping survey to gather non-anecdotal data on spreadsheet usage. The scoping survey will interview people who develop spreadsheets. We will investigate the determinants of spreadsheet importance, identify current industry practices, and document existing standards for creation and use of spreadsheets. The survey will provide insight into user attributes, spreadsheet importance, and current practices. Results will be valuable in themselves, and will guide future empirical research.

Grossman, Thomas A

2008-01-01

277

A Survey on Educational Data Mining and Research Trends  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Educational Data Mining (EDM) is an emerging fieldexploring data in educational context by applyingdifferent Data Mining (DM) techniques/tools. It provides intrinsic knowledge of teaching and learningprocess for effective education planning. In this survey work focuses on components, research trends (1998to 2012) of EDM highlighting its related Tools, Techniques and educational Outcomes. It also highlightsthe Challenges EDM.

Rajni Jindal; Malaya Dutta Borah

2013-01-01

278

SATISFACTION SURVEY OF MUSIC AGAINST DRUGS : Research Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis was about the satisfaction of primary and junior high school students in Music Against Drugs. The thesis concentrated on planning and conducting the customer satisfaction research by both a survey and an interview. This data was then analyzed and proper recommendations were given. Music ...

Jäntti, Jukka

279

Applied Research - Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Survey Topics  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Complementary and Alternative Medicine Survey: What is CHIS-CAM? Why is NCI interested in studying the use of complementary medicine? What topics does CHIS-CAM cover? CHIS-CAM

280

Frequency and circumstances of falls in people with inclusion body myositis: a questionnaire survey to explore falls management and physiotherapy provision.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To survey the incidence and circumstances of falls for people with inclusion body myositis (IBM) in the UK, and to investigate the provision of physiotherapy and falls management. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey. SETTING: Participants completed questionnaires at home. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four people diagnosed with IBM were screened against the inclusion criteria. Seventy-two potential participants were sent a questionnaire, and 62 were completed and returned. Invited participants were sent an adapted Falls Event Questionnaire pertaining to falls, perceived causes of falls and the provision of physiotherapy. Questionnaires were returned anonymously. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportions of respondents who reported a fall or a near fall, along with the frequencies of falls and near falls were calculated. Descriptive data of falls were collected pertaining to location and cause. Data analysis was performed to investigate provision of physiotherapy services. RESULTS: The response rate was 86% [62/72, mean (standard deviation) age 68 (8) years]. Falls were reported by 98% (61/62) of respondents, with 60% (37/62) falling frequently. In this study, age was not found to be an indicator of falls risk or frequency. Twenty-one percent (13/62) of respondents had not seen a physiotherapist in relation to their IBM symptoms, and of those that had, 31% (15/49) had not seen a physiotherapist until more than 12 months after IBM was diagnosed. Only 18% (11/61) of fallers reported that they had received falls management input. CONCLUSIONS: Falls are a common occurrence for people with IBM, independent of age and years since symptoms first presented, and are poorly addressed by appropriate physiotherapy management. National falls guidelines are not being followed, and referral rates to physiotherapy need to improve.

Hiscock A; Dewar L; Parton M; Machado P; Hanna M; Ramdharry G

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

78 FR 9108 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire) Activity...  

Science.gov (United States)

...willingness to participate in Point-of-Care Research (POC-R). POC-R is an intermediary approach to bridge the gap between clinical trials and observation studies. The POC-R provides a potential mechanism for improving the...

2013-02-07

282

78 FR 44624 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...  

Science.gov (United States)

...willingness to participate in Point-of-Care Research (POC-R). POC-R is an intermediary approach to bridge the gap between clinical trials and observation studies. The POC-R provides a potential mechanism for improving the...

2013-07-24

283

Self-Appraisal of Illness Questionnaire (SAIQ): relationship to researcher-rated insight and neuropsychological function in schizophrenia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Self-Appraisal of Illness Questionnaire (SAIQ) is a self-report instrument designed to assess attitudes toward mental illness among persons receiving psychiatric treatment. This instrument was developed for use in community settings, adapted closely from the Patient's Experience of Hospitalization questionnaire. In order to examine the validity of the SAIQ, a factor analysis was first conducted on the items of this instrument in a sample of 59 outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective illness. Three factors emerged: Need for Treatment, Worry, and Presence/Outcome of Illness. Next, to examine the concurrent validity of these three SAIQ subscales, they were correlated with researcher rated insight scales and neuropsychological tests. Results indicated that the Need for Treatment and Presence/Outcome subscales were significantly correlated with both researcher-rated insight scales and with neuropsychological tests of executive functioning. The Worry subscale was not associated with either researcher-rated insight scales or neuropsychological tests. It was concluded that the Need for Treatment and Presence/Outcome subscales may be used in combination as a brief screening instrument for clients with schizophrenia receiving outpatient psychiatric treatment who may be at risk for treatment non-compliance due to a lack of insight into illness.

Marks KA; Fastenau PS; Lysaker PH; Bond GR

2000-10-01

284

The use of theory based semistructured elicitation questionnaires: formative research for CDC's Prevention Marketing Initiative.  

Science.gov (United States)

Through one of its many HIV prevention programs, the Prevention Marketing Initiative, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention promotes a multifaceted strategy for preventing the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS among people less than 25 years of age. The Prevention Marketing Initiative is an application of marketing and consumer-oriented technologies that rely heavily on behavioral research and behavior change theories to bring the behavioral and social sciences to bear on practical program planning decisions. One objective of the Prevention Marketing Initiative is to encourage consistent and correct condom use among sexually active young adults. Qualitative formative research is being conducted in several segments of the population of heterosexually active, unmarried young adults between 18 and 25 using a semistructured elicitation procedure to identify and understand underlying behavioral determinants of consistent condom use. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the use of this type of qualitative research methodology in designing effective theory-based behavior change interventions. Issues of research design and data collection and analysis are discussed. To illustrate the methodology, results of content analyses of selected responses to open-ended questions on consistent condom use are presented by gender (male, female), ethnic group (white, African American), and consistency of condom use (always, sometimes). This type of formative research can be applied immediately to designing programs and is invaluable for valid and relevant larger-scale quantitative research. PMID:8862153

Middlestadt, S E; Bhattacharyya, K; Rosenbaum, J; Fishbein, M; Shepherd, M

1996-01-01

285

The use of theory based semistructured elicitation questionnaires: formative research for CDC's Prevention Marketing Initiative.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Through one of its many HIV prevention programs, the Prevention Marketing Initiative, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention promotes a multifaceted strategy for preventing the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS among people less than 25 years of age. The Prevention Marketing Initiative is an application of marketing and consumer-oriented technologies that rely heavily on behavioral research and behavior change theories to bring the behavioral and social sciences to bear on practical program planning decisions. One objective of the Prevention Marketing Initiative is to encourage consistent and correct condom use among sexually active young adults. Qualitative formative research is being conducted in several segments of the population of heterosexually active, unmarried young adults between 18 and 25 using a semistructured elicitation procedure to identify and understand underlying behavioral determinants of consistent condom use. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the use of this type of qualitative research methodology in designing effective theory-based behavior change interventions. Issues of research design and data collection and analysis are discussed. To illustrate the methodology, results of content analyses of selected responses to open-ended questions on consistent condom use are presented by gender (male, female), ethnic group (white, African American), and consistency of condom use (always, sometimes). This type of formative research can be applied immediately to designing programs and is invaluable for valid and relevant larger-scale quantitative research.

Middlestadt SE; Bhattacharyya K; Rosenbaum J; Fishbein M; Shepherd M

1996-01-01

286

Information and awareness concerning ibuprofen as an ingredient in over the counter analgesics: a questionnaire-based survey of residents of retirement communities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Convenient access to a large variety of OTC medicines presents patients with the opportunity for the self-treatment of many health problems. Yet this also brings on other health risks, especially to the elderly. A pointed lack of information about the safety of NSAIDs has been found among lay people, but no study in the Czech Republic so far has focused on the preferences of the residents' of retirement homes for particular NSAID pain relievers and these patients' level of knowledge regarding use and safety issues. We undertook a cross-sectional study in 9 retirement communities. A self-developed questionnaire was used to gather data on the preferences of seniors for particular NSAIDs and on their knowledge about ibuprofen. Two hundred elderly people participated in the research, 77% of the sample being female. The mean age was 83 +/- 7 years. Ibuprofen was the preferred NSAID analgesic among participants. 64% of respondents indicated that they suffered from pain nearly every day. The best known indication of ibuprofen was analgesic (56.7%) and younger and more educated participants had better knowledge in general about indications. A similar percentage (57.8%) was not aware of any adverse effects of ibuprofen, and 16% believed it had no adverse effects at all. Knowledge of drug interaction was very low--most of participants (84%) were not aware of any interactions. 58% of respondents indicated that they relied on the advice of a physician about pain relievers. Despite the fact that many of the elderly individuals surveyed suffer from pain nearly every day and ibuprofen is their preferred choice among NSAIDs, their knowledge about use and safety of ibuprofen is inadequate.

Matoulková P; Dosedel M; R?zková B; Kubena A

2013-03-01

287

Reliability of the modified child and adolescent physical activity and nutrition survey, physical activity (CAPANS-PA) questionnaire among chinese-australian youth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence suggests that differences exist in physical activity (PA) participation among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) children and adolescents. It is possible that these differences could be influenced by variations in measurement technique and instrument reliability. However, culturally sensitive instruments for examining PA behaviour among CALD populations are lacking. This study tested the reliability of the Child and Adolescent Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (CAPANS-PA) recall questionnaire among a sample of Chinese-Australian youth. Methods The psychometric property of the CAPANS-PA questionnaire was examined among a sample of 77 Chinese-Australian youth (aged 11 - 14 y) who completed the questionnaire twice within 7 days. Test-retest reliability of individual items and scales within the CAPANS-PA questionnaire was determined using Kappa statistics for categorical variables and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for continuous variables. Results The CAPANS-PA questionnaire demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability for frequency and duration of time spent in weekly Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) (ICC ? 0.70) for all participants. Test-retest reliability for time spent in weekly sedentary activities was acceptable for females (ICC = 0.82) and males (ICC = 0.72). Conclusions The results suggest the CAPANS-PA questionnaire provides reliable estimates for type, frequency and duration of MVPA participation among Chinese-Australian youth. Further investigation into the reliability of the sedentary items within the CAPANS-PA is required before these items can be used with confidence. This study is novel in that the reliability of instruments among CALD groups nationally and internationally remains sparse and this study contributes to the wider body of available psychometrically tested instruments. In addition, this study is the first to our knowledge to successfully engage and investigate the basic health enhancing behaviours of Chinese-Australian adolescents.

Strugnell Claudia; Renzaho Andre; Ridley Kate; Burns Cate

2011-01-01

288

Refining Video Game Use Questionnaires for Research and Clinical Application: Detection of Problematic Response Sets  

Science.gov (United States)

Even when relatively infrequent, deviant response sets, such as defensive and careless responding, can have remarkably robust effects on individual and group data and thereby distort clinical evaluations and research outcomes. Given such potential adverse impacts and the widespread use of self-report measures when appraising addictions and…

Faust, Kyle A.; Faust, David; Baker, Aaron M.; Meyer, Joseph F.

2012-01-01

289

Report on preceding researches in fiscal 1998 on the survey and research on conjugate materials; 1998 nendo conjugate material no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research and development has been made on the 'conjugate materials (CM)' , the innovative materials in which ultra fine inorganic and organic structural units of molecular levels are introduced to be oriented regularly in glass matrix to respond to external force conjugately. The current fiscal year reported items having been made clear by further surveys and researches on CM as proposed by the fundamental surveys having been done as the second year. Section 1 summarizes significance of the research and development; Section 2 reports the result of the CM research and survey and the subjects related to application areas of CM; Section 3 reports the result of the CM market research performed newly in the current fiscal year; Section 4 reports the contents and result of the questionnaire survey to glass related small enterprises as to what interest these enterprises will have upon assuming that these CM products have been realized; Section 5 reports the result of surveys on patents and literatures related to photonics; and Section 6 states future problems in the CM research and development, and summarizes the future prospects of CM. (NEDO)

NONE

1999-03-01

290

Does the Japanese Society for Hygiene need its own Code of Conduct? A comparison of the responses of councilors and junior members based on a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare current awareness of the "On a Code of Conduct for Scientists" (OCCS) among members of the Japanese Society for Hygiene (JSH). METHOD: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was mailed to JSH members, including 439 councilors and 376 junior members (who were under 50 years of age with a membership of 3 years or longer, excluding councilors). Councilors were surveyed from November to December 2007, while junior members were surveyed from November to December 2008. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 40.6% (n = 331/815), with responses from 46.7% of the councilors (n = 205/439) and 33.5% of the junior members (n = 126/376). Among the respondents, 36.0% of councilors (n = 68) and 59.8% of junior members (n = 73) did not know the contents of "On the Code of Conduct for Scientists" (P < 0.01), while 76.3% of councilors (n = 145) and 61.4% of junior members (n = 75) had not heard of it (P < 0.05). However, a majority of the respondents reported interest in the Code [70.0% of councilors (n = 133), 68.6% of junior members (n = 83)] (P < 0.05) and a favorable attitude towards research ethics education [69.3% of councilors (n = 133), 68.9% of junior members (n = 84)] (P < 0.54). In addition, 24.3% of the responding councilors (n = 46) and 15.7% of the responding junior members (n = 19) believe it necessary for JSH to formulate its own code of conduct for scientists (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: We clarified the current state of awareness of the OCCS among JSH members as well as the opinion of members for the JSH to have its own Code of Conduct for Scientists. This result provides important information that should be considered during the formulation of an individual code of conduct for scientists in the JSH.

Ikeda W; Inaba Y; Takeshita T; Yoshida K; Ogoshi K; Okamoto K

2011-05-01

291

Effects of a financial incentive on health researchers' response to an online survey: a randomized controlled trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Nonresponse to questionnaires can affect the validity of surveys and introduce bias. Offering financial incentives can increase response rates to postal questionnaires, but the effect of financial incentives on response rates to online surveys is less clear. OBJECTIVE: As part of a survey, we aimed to test whether knowledge of a financial incentive would increase the response rate to an online questionnaire. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of 485 UK-based principal investigators of publicly funded health services and population health research. Participants were contacted by email and invited to complete an online questionnaire via an embedded URL. Participants were randomly allocated to groups with either "knowledge of" or "no knowledge of" a financial incentive ( pound10 Amazon gift voucher) to be provided on completion of the survey. At the end of the study, gift vouchers were given to all participants who completed the questionnaire regardless of initial randomization status. Four reminder emails (sent from the same email address as the initial invitation) were sent out to nonrespondents at one, two, three, and four weeks; a fifth postal reminder was also undertaken. The primary outcome measure for the trial was the response rate one week after the second reminder. Response rate was also measured at the end of weeks one, two, three, four, and five, and after a postal reminder was sent. RESULTS: In total, 243 (50%) questionnaires were returned (232 completed, 11 in which participation was declined). One week after the second reminder, the response rate in the "knowledge" group was 27% (66/244) versus 20% (49/241) in the "no knowledge" group (chi(2) (1) = 3.0, P = .08). The odds ratio for responding among those with knowledge of an incentive was 1.45 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95 - 2.21). At the third reminder, participants in the "no knowledge" group were informed about the incentive, ending the randomized element of the study. However we continued to follow up all participants, and from reminder three onwards, no significant differences were observed in the response rates of the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of a financial incentive did not significantly increase the response rate to an online questionnaire. Future surveys should consider including a randomized element to further test the utility of offering incentives of other types and amounts to participate in online questionnaires. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN59912797; http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN59912797 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/5iPPLbT7s).

Wilson PM; Petticrew M; Calnan M; Nazareth I

2010-01-01

292

Translation of questionnaires into arabic in cross-cultural research: techniques and equivalence issues.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Aims:To describe the translation process of nursing instruments into Arabic and discuss the equivalence issues arising from this process. Method: Review of the literature. RESULTS: The Arabic language is essentially three different languages: Classical Arabic; Modern Standard Arabic (fuS-Ha or MSA); and colloquial Arabic (Lahja A'mmeya), which is itself divided into five different regional Arabic dialects. The Arabic fuS-Ha language is the dialect most widely used in the translation of instruments into Arabic. The literature reveals that only a few studies focused on the linguistic issues in the translation of instruments into Arabic. Brislin's back-translation emerged as the most common method widely used by researchers in studies with Arabic-speaking subjects, but not the perfect one. Conclusion: Linguistic issues in nursing research have not been sufficiently described and discussed in the context of Arabic language and culture. Although there is no standard guideline for instrument translation, the combined translation model is the most recommended procedure to use in cross-cultural research. Linguistic differences between the source culture and the target Arabic culture should be taken into account. Finally, we recommend the use of the fuS-Ha dialect and trilingual translators in the translation of nursing instruments into Arabic.

Khalaila R

2013-10-01

293

Translation of Questionnaires Into Arabic in Cross-Cultural Research: Techniques and Equivalence Issues.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aims:To describe the translation process of nursing instruments into Arabic and discuss the equivalence issues arising from this process. Method: Review of the literature. RESULTS: The Arabic language is essentially three different languages: Classical Arabic; Modern Standard Arabic (fuS-Ha or MSA); and colloquial Arabic (Lahja A'mmeya), which is itself divided into five different regional Arabic dialects. The Arabic fuS-Ha language is the dialect most widely used in the translation of instruments into Arabic. The literature reveals that only a few studies focused on the linguistic issues in the translation of instruments into Arabic. Brislin's back-translation emerged as the most common method widely used by researchers in studies with Arabic-speaking subjects, but not the perfect one. Conclusion: Linguistic issues in nursing research have not been sufficiently described and discussed in the context of Arabic language and culture. Although there is no standard guideline for instrument translation, the combined translation model is the most recommended procedure to use in cross-cultural research. Linguistic differences between the source culture and the target Arabic culture should be taken into account. Finally, we recommend the use of the fuS-Ha dialect and trilingual translators in the translation of nursing instruments into Arabic.

Khalaila R

2013-07-01

294

A Survey Research of Contemporary Management Development Practices In Malaysian Corporations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This survey was designed and developed to assess key issues related to management development practices in Malaysian corporations especially on needs assessment, programme selection, programme evaluation, and future directions and trends.  The survey research instrument is a questionnaire that was distributed to 189 selected Malaysian corporations listed on the Main Board of the Bursa Malaysia or formerly known as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE). These corporations represent a cross-section of local industries and was selected through stratified random sampling.  The 16-percent or 31 responses were collated and the data analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics. The major findings suggest that despite being aware of the importance of MD practices to achieve productivity and enhance corporate performance, most Malaysian corporations are unsure how to practise MD. They seldom implement value-added MD programmes to improve managerial productivity and enhance managerial performance achievements. The main reason given is cost-effective considerations vis-à-vis actual bottom-line results. Specifically, the majority of the respondents articulated their concern over several areas such as the lack of needs assessment, indiscriminate programme selection, non-standardized programme evaluation and vague ideas about future directions and trends in MD activities. On the whole, the survey research suggests that there is a need for Malaysian corporations to redress the prevailing weaknesses so that any concrete management development initiative undertaken can produce the desired results and productivity outcomes including bottom-line achievements.

Kian Aun Law

2009-01-01

295

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1993. No activity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 mSv, which is one per cent of the dose limit for long term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. A list of previous environmental survey reports is attached. 22 refs., 21 tabs., 4 figs

1995-01-01

296

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1993  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1993. No activity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 mSv, which is one per cent of the dose limit for long term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. A list of previous environmental survey reports is attached. 22 refs., 21 tabs., 4 figs.

Hoffmann, E.L.; Looz, T.

1995-04-01

297

Spanish translation and cross-language validation of a sleep habits questionnaire for use in clinical and research settings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To translate, back-translate and cross-language validate (English/Spanish) the Sleep Heart Health Study Sleep Habits Questionnaire for use with Spanish-speakers in clinical and research settings. METHODS: Following rigorous translation and back-translation, this cross-sectional cross-language validation study recruited bilingual participants from academic, clinic, and community-based settings (N = 50; 52% women; mean age 38.8 ± 12 years; 90% of Mexican heritage). Participants completed English and Spanish versions of the Sleep Habits Questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II one week apart in randomized order. Psychometric properties were assessed, including internal consistency, convergent validity, scale equivalence, language version intercorrelations, and exploratory factor analysis using PASW (Version18) software. Grade level readability of the sleep measure was evaluated. RESULTS: All sleep categories (duration, snoring, apnea, insomnia symptoms, other sleep symptoms, sleep disruptors, restless legs syndrome) showed Cronbach ?, Spearman-Brown coefficients and intercorrelations ? 0.700, suggesting robust internal consistency, correlation, and agreement between language versions. The Epworth correlated significantly with snoring, apnea, sleep symptoms, restless legs, and sleep disruptors) on both versions, supporting convergent validity. Items loaded on 4 factors accounted for 68% and 67% of the variance on the English and Spanish versions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish-language Sleep Habits Questionnaire demonstrates conceptual and content equivalency. It has appropriate measurement properties and should be useful for assessing sleep health in community-based clinics and intervention studies among Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans. Both language versions showed readability at the fifth grade level. Further testing is needed with larger samples.

Baldwin CM; Choi M; McClain DB; Celaya A; Quan SF

2012-04-01

298

Rationality, emotional expression and control: psychometric characteristics of a questionnaire for research in psycho-oncology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In some studies rationality, anti-emotionality and the control of (negative) emotions were found to be psychological risk factors for cancer. In the present study instruments were developed in order to cross-validate the role of the 'rationality/anti-emotionality (RAE)'-concept and the 'emotional expression and control (EEC)'-concept. The psychometric characteristics of a RAE-scale and EEC-scales were investigated in 4302 healthy women attending a breast cancer screening programme in The Netherlands. Principal components analysis revealed three factors for the RAE-scale: (1) Rationality; (2) Emotionality; and (3) Understanding. The EEC-scales consist of three factors that indicate: (1) expression of emotions to oneself; (2) expression of emotions towards others; and (3) control of emotions. These RAE and EEC scales can be of importance in psycho-oncological research, especially when: (1) the more refined subscales are used; and (2) age of the subjects is taken into account.

Bleiker EM; van der Ploeg HM; Hendriks JH; Leer JW; Kleijn WC

1993-12-01

299

Barriers to Implementing Treatment Integrity Procedures in School Psychology Research: Survey of Treatment Outcome Researchers  

Science.gov (United States)

Treatment integrity data are essential to drawing valid conclusions in treatment outcome studies. Such data, however, are not always included in peer-reviewed research articles in school psychology or related fields. To gain a better understanding of why treatment integrity data are lacking in the school psychology research, we surveyed the…

Sanetti, Lisa M. Hagermoser; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.

2012-01-01

300

Survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report documents the results of a survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) undertaken with the support of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Superconductivity Pilot Center. Each survey entry includes the following: Name, address, and other telephone and facsimile numbers of the principal investigator and other staff members; funding for fiscal year 1991, 1992, 1993; brief descriptions of the program, the technical progress to date, and the expected technical progress; a note on any other collaboration. Included with the survey are recommendations intended to help DOE decide how best to support SMES research and development (R ampersand D). To summarize, I would say that important elements of a well-rounded SMES research program for DOE are as follows. (1) Construction of a large ETM. (2) Development of SMES as an enabling technology for solar and wind generation, especially in conjunction with the ETM program, if possible. (3) Development of small SMES units for electric networks, for rapid transit, and as noninterruptible power supplies [uses (2), (3), and (4) above]. In this connection, lightweight, fiber-reinforced polymer structures, which would be especially advantageous for space and transportation applications, should be developed. (4) Continued study of the potential impacts of high-temperature superconductors on SMES, with construction as soon as feasible of small SMES units using high-temperature superconductors (HTSs)

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1986  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1986. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 2 figs., 20 tabs.

1989-01-01

302

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1984. These results are satisfactory. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

1986-01-01

303

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories. 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1983. These results are satisfactory. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is 1 per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

1985-01-01

304

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1987. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorized limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 18 tabs., 2 figs.

1989-01-01

305

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1982. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is 1% of the most conservative limit recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council for exposure extending over many years.

1984-01-01

306

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1990  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1990. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 11 refs., 16 tabs., 2 figs

1991-01-01

307

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1989. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 17 tabs., 2 figs

1990-01-01

308

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1985. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

1988-01-01

309

Effect of changes in a food frequency questionnaire: comparing data from two national dietary survey instruments among 12-month-old infants.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: National dietary surveys among Norwegian 12-months olds have been conducted twice: in 1999 and 2007. At both time-points diet were assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) (the SFFQ-1999 and the SFFQ-2007). Modifications in the SFFQ-2007 compared to the SFFQ-1999 have been made; therefore, the objective of the present study has been to explore the comparability of the data obtained by the two questionnaires. Moreover, reliability of maternal recall of infant feeding practices was assessed. METHODS: Three hundred Norwegian infants born in April 2007 were invited to participate by completing both the SFFQ-1999 and the SFFQ-2007. An invitation letter and one of two questionnaires were sent by mail to the mother/parents about two weeks before the child turned 12 months of age. The study had a cross-over design where half of the sample received the SFFQ-1999 first and then about 2--3 weeks later they received the SFFQ-2007. The second half received the SFFQ-2007 first, and then 2--3 weeks later they received the SFFQ-1999. RESULTS: Ninety three participants completed both questionnaires (SFFQ-1999 and SFFQ-2007). For nutrients, the largest significant differences between the questionnaires were found for intake of vitamin D and added sugar, where added sugar was reported lower and vitamin D was reported higher with the SFFQ-2007 compared to the SFFQ-1999. For food items, lower intake of yoghurt and higher intake of vegetables and fish were observed with the SFFQ-2007 compared to the SFFQ-1999. In addition, reliable answers with regard to breastfeeding status, age for breastfeeding cessation and age for introducing solid foods were found. CONCLUSION: There was reasonable comparability between the two questionnaires for most nutrients and foods. The differences between the two questionnaires could mainly be explained by modifications that had occurred over time, where changes in the food composition databases used and especially changes in commercial recipes with regard to baby food products seemed to be of major importance. The differences are important to take into account when interpreting dietary trends among Norwegian 12 month-olds in the period from 1999 to 2007. This study also implies that maternal recall of infant feeding practices is reliable.

Kristiansen AL; Laugsand Lillegaard IT; Frost Andersen L

2013-07-01

310

Intercalibration of research survey vessels on Lake Erie  

Science.gov (United States)

Fish abundance indices obtained from annual research trawl surveys are an integral part of fisheries stock assessment and management in the Great Lakes. It is difficult, however, to administer trawl surveys using a single vessel-gear combination owing to the large size of these systems, the jurisdictional boundaries that bisect the Great Lakes, and changes in vessels as a result of fleet replacement. When trawl surveys are administered by multiple vessel-gear combinations, systematic error may be introduced in combining catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) data across vessels. This bias is associated with relative differences in catchability among vessel-gear combinations. In Lake Erie, five different research vessels conduct seasonal trawl surveys in the western half of the lake. To eliminate this systematic bias, the Lake Erie agencies conducted a side-by-side trawling experiment in 2003 to develop correction factors for CPUE data associated with different vessel-gear combinations. Correcting for systematic bias in CPUE data should lead to more accurate and comparable estimates of species density and biomass. We estimated correction factors for the 10 most commonly collected species age-groups for each vessel during the experiment. Most of the correction factors (70%) ranged from 0.5 to 2.0, indicating that the systematic bias associated with different vessel-gear combinations was not large. Differences in CPUE were most evident for vessels using different sampling gears, although significant differences also existed for vessels using the same gears. These results suggest that standardizing gear is important for multiple-vessel surveys, but there will still be significant differences in catchability stemming from the vessel effects and agencies must correct for this. With standardized estimates of CPUE, the Lake Erie agencies will have the ability to directly compare and combine time series for species abundance. ?? Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2006.

Tyson, J. T.; Johnson, T. B.; Knight, C. T.; Bur, M. T.

2006-01-01

311

High density electric survey around the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As part of the R and D program on the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, is implementing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. A strong correlation between resistivity of subterranean rock and properties of groundwater in the investigation site has been shown by surface-based investigations. Resistivity of subterranean rock in the investigation area will be regularly measured with the use of electric survey in order to estimate impacts of tunnel excavation on properties of groundwater. This paper shows results of an electric survey implemented in the investigation site. The survey used pole-pole arrays. Two lines were installed for this survey and the basic electrode spacing was 50m. About 50 electrodes in each line was set. Resistivity structures from the surface to the depth (Line1: till -700m elevation, Line2: till -800m elevation) was obtained by 2 dimensional resistivity inversion. The resistivity structures were compared with the structures estimated from existing geological, geophysical and hydrology information. Resistivity distribution near surface is about 20 ohm-m and it falls down to about 2 ohm-m as the depth increasing. Resistivity distribution is proper agreement with existing survey results and existing electrical resistivity log data. By comparing resistivity model with hydrology model, correlation between resistivity and the concentration of salinity is shown and it is assumed that the boundary of saltwater and freshwater fell within the range of from 7 ohm-m to 20 ohm-m. (author)

2008-01-01

312

Relationships between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and self-reported research practices.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) is a validated tool to facilitate promotion of research integrity and research best practices. This work uses the SORC to assess shared and individual perceptions of the research climate in universities and academic departments and relate these perceptions to desirable and undesirable research practices. An anonymous web- and mail-based survey was administered to randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows in the United States. Respondents reported their perceptions of the research climates at their universities and primary departments, and the frequency with which they engaged in desirable and undesirable research practices. More positive individual perceptions of the research climate in one's university or department were associated with higher likelihoods of desirable, and lower likelihoods of undesirable, research practices. Shared perceptions of the research climate tended to be similarly predictive of both desirable and undesirable research practices as individuals' deviations from these shared perceptions. Study results supported the central prediction that more positive SORC-measured perceptions of the research climate were associated with more positive reports of research practices. There were differences with respect to whether shared or individual climate perceptions were related to desirable or undesirable practices but the general pattern of results provide empirical evidence that the SORC is predictive of self-reported research behavior.

Crain AL; Martinson BC; Thrush CR

2013-09-01

313

Present state of patient registrations for radiation therapy at Kanto Area; A questionnaire survey by Tokyo Radiation Therapy Oncology Conference  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A questionnaire of patient registration for radiotherapy was carried out to hospitals in Kanto area by Tokyo Radiation Therapy Oncology Conference. There were 64 replies from 94 hospitals. There were statistical correlations in numbers between any two of radiation oncologist, radiotherapy proper technologists and patients. The aim and content of the registrations was not for complete data. Computers were utilized in 81% but there were no compatibilities either in hardwares or softwares. The registration practices were done by specified staffs in 70%. The results implied that it was hard to operate complete content of registrations at all hospitals. (author).

Saito, Tsutomu (Nihon Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine); Sekiguchi, Kenji; Shibuya, Hiroshi (and others)

1994-06-01

314

A survey of principal researchers who lead research into Adults with Incapacity in Scotland.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Scotland's 'A' Research Ethics Committee (SAREC, previously MREC A) has exclusive authority to consider research involving Adults with Incapacity in Scotland. No appeal facility exists although resubmissions are accepted. Legislation covering research in England and Wales has created anomalies. RECs 'recognised' by the UK Ethics Committee (3 in Scotland, several in England) can approve drug studies involving Adults with Incapacity in Scotland. Several English RECs can approve studies led from outside Scotland. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous online survey of researchers experienced in studies involving Adults with Incapacity to establish their opinions on the role of SAREC. The survey had 5 multiple-choice questions. Two questions invited a free-text comment. RESULTS: Seventy-seven researchers (45% response) completed the survey. The majority (61/76, 80%) received a favourable opinion from SAREC immediately/after minor revision. The consensus was a single, experienced committee is advantageous to researchers (69/77 (90%)) and research participants (65/75 (87%)). There was no association between application outcome and opinion on whether a single committee is advantageous for researchers (p?=?0.39 (Fisher's exact test)) or research participants (p?=?0.49). Most (42/76, 55%) favoured the current system for reviewing decisions. CONCLUSIONS: The research establishment favours retaining expertise in one committee. Most are content not having an external appeal facility.

Cameron AC; Lees K; Booth MG; Bailey A; Hunter W

2013-02-01

315

The Need for Guidelines for the Practice of Hemodialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Questionnaire Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hemodialysis remains the most widely used form of renal replacement therapy world-wide. In view of the large number of patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia, it was felt to have some sort of guidelines to standardize dialysis delivery in the Kingdom. We performed a survey on v...

Al-Khader Abdullah; Ramprasad K; Shaheen Faissal

316

Videofluoroscopic assessment of dysphagia: A questionnaire survey of protocols, roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Videofluoroscopy (VF) is the 'gold standard' assessment for oropharyngeal dysphagia and radiographers are beginning to direct this examination independently, yet little is known about the roles and responsibilities of the core professions of radiology and speech and language therapy and their practice in this examination. Aim: To evaluate VF practice and identify the roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to speech and language therapists (SALT) and radiologists via national special interest networks. Information regarding protocols, test materials, supervision, radiation protection and training was obtained. Results: One hundred and thirteen questionnaires were completed, 83% of respondents had more than 5 years service. Most were carrying out VF on an 'ad hoc' basis with only 32% participating in more than 6 assessments per month. There was no consensus on protocol and 41% chose to thicken barium solutions by adding more barium sulphate powder, potentially predisposing patients to complications. Over 50% of SALTs had received one day post-graduate training in VF, whereas, only one radiologist had specific VF training. Conclusion: Despite its importance in determining the feeding route for patients, VF is carried out infrequently by most clinicians and protocols vary widely. Moreover, intra- and inter-disciplinary training and supervision is minimal. More work is needed to develop standard guidelines, to improve the quality of the examination and its reproducibility.

Power, Maxine [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mpower@fs1.ho.man.ac.uk; Laasch, Hans-Ulrich [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Kasthuri, Ram S. [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Nicholson, David A. [Radiology, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom); Hamdy, Shaheen [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)

2006-02-15

317

A survey of chiropractors practicing in Germany: practice characteristics, professional reading habits, and attitudes and perceptions toward research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2004, a survey conducted by the European Chiropractor's Union among member countries reported that "there appears to be little interest in research among chiropractors in Germany." However, no research has tested this statement. The objective of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions of practicing chiropractors in Germany regarding research, to look at their reading and research habits, and to gather demographic and practice data. Methods A questionnaire was developed and distributed among participants at a seminar held by the German Chiropractors' Association in 2005. The questionnaire was mailed to any members of the association who did not attend the seminar. Results A total of 49 (72%) of 68 distributed questionnaires were returned. Forty-five (92%) respondents stated they would support research efforts in Germany and 15 (31%) declared interest in participating in practiced based research. An average of three hours per week were reportedly spent reading scientific literature by 44 (85%) respondents. However, few journals listed by respondents were peer-reviewed and indexed; most were newsletters of chiropractic organizations or free publications. Most participants agreed on the importance of research for the profession, but when asked about the most pressing issue for chiropractic in Germany, legislation and recognition of the profession were the dominant themes. Conclusion The results of this survey show that there is a general interest in supporting and participating in research activities among chiropractors practicing in Germany. Next steps could consist of educating practitioners about the resources available to read and interpret the scientific literature and thus further the understanding of research.

Schwarz Ilke; Hondras Maria A

2007-01-01

318

The policies of ethics committees in the management of biobanks used for research: an Italian survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Gaps in regulations pertaining to the collection and storage of biological materials in a biobank, at least in the European context, have made the writing of local guidelines essential from an ethical point of view. Nevertheless, until recently, the elaboration of local guidelines for the collection, use and storage of biological materials in a biobank has been the exception in Italy and all European countries. In this context, it is of value to know the policies, even if they are unwritten, of local ethics committees (ECs) engaged in the evaluation of research protocols involving biobanks and biological materials. This paper presents the results of a survey carried out among local Italian ECs (229) to document their attitudes and policies regarding the management of the ethical issues related to biobanks and the use of biological materials. A questionnaire was developed to investigate the areas regarded as critical from an ethical-legal point of view: informed consent and information to the subjects; protection of confidentiality; communication of research results; access/transfer of biological materials and related data; ownership of samples and data and intellectual property rights; and subjects' remuneration and benefit sharing. Twenty-six ECs from the Italian Institutes for Research and Care (62%) and 26 other ECs (14%) participated in the survey.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 22 May 2013; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2013.107.

Porteri C; Togni E; Pasqualetti P

2013-05-01

319

Validation of the Polish version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care in patients with advanced cancer.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the validation of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care in advanced cancer patients. AIM: To adapt the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care to the Polish clinical setting and to evaluate its psychometric properties in advanced cancer patients. DESIGN: Two quality-of-life measurements were performed at baseline and after 7 days. The concurrent validity of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care was established by the Pearson correlation coefficients with the modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment System, the Karnofsky Performance Status and the Brief Pain Inventory - Short Form. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficients and the Spearman correlation coefficients of the baseline and of the second measurement of European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care items. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 160 consecutive patients in one academic palliative medicine centre were included. RESULTS: A total of 129 patients completed the study. The concurrent validity revealed significant correlations of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care pain scale with the Brief Pain Inventory - Short Form, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care symptom items with the modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment System and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care functional scales with the Karnofsky Performance Status scores. High Cronbach's alpha and standardised Cronbach's alpha values were found in the case of both functional (range: 0.830-0.925; 0.830-0.932) and symptom scales (range: 0.784-0.940; 0.794-0.941) of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care, respectively. The Spearman correlation coefficients between the first and the second measurements were significant (p < 0.0001) for all European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care items. CONCLUSIONS: Polish version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 15 - Palliative Care is a valid and reliable tool recommended for quality-of-life assessment and monitoring in advanced cancer patients.

Leppert W; Majkowicz M

2013-05-01

320

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12) and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS) in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study), who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women) from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7) completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS) questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI) resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5%) than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Lungenhausen Margitta; Lange Stefan; Maier Christoph; Schaub Claudia; Trampisch Hans J; Endres Heinz G

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

A survey of anthelmintic resistance on ten sheep farms in Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe : research communication  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey to detect anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep was conducted on 10 randomly-distributed farms in the Chivhu District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe. Before the survey, a questionnaire was circulated to the farmers concerning nematode parasite control. Results showed ...

S. Mukaratirwa; R. Charakupa; T. Hove

322

Survey of Athletic Needs Among Harper Community and Students. Research Report Series. Vol. 4, No. 15.  

Science.gov (United States)

To obtain data about the Harper College students' and community's attitudes toward athletic programs at the college, a survey was conducted of 200 full-time and 200 part-time students and 200 randomly selected households within the school district. The return rate for the survey questionnaire was 57 percent for full-time students, 49 percent for…

William Rainey Harper Coll., Palatine, IL.

323

[The reliability of preliminary normative values from the short form health survey (SF-12) questionnaire regarding Colombian adults].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to consider the trustworthiness and preliminary normative values of the SF-12 v2 in Colombian adults. METHOD: The questionnaire was applied during self-administered interview of 527 people. Central tendency, dispersion and percentile measurement were used for dominions and groups; internal consistency and inter-scale correlation was calculated. RESULTS: It was found that the domains exceeded the proposed reliability standard (0.7 Cronbach's Alpha). The highest average mental health scores occurred in the vitality and mental health domains. The highest physical health scores were found in the body pain, physical functioning and general health domains. Inter-scale correlation resulted in an intermediate range (r=0.22-0.84; p <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: It was found that this version of the SF-12 proved to be a reliable instrument. The normative values will facilitate interpreting HRQOL results assessed by SF of studies in Colombia.

Ramírez-Vélez R; Agredo-Zuñiga RA; Jerez-Valderrama AM

2010-10-01

324

Green Cellular Networks: A Survey, Some Research Issues and Challenges  

CERN Multimedia

Energy efficiency in cellular networks is a growing concern for cellular operators to not only maintain profitability, but also to reduce the overall environment effects. This emerging trend of achieving energy efficiency in cellular networks is motivating the standardization authorities and network operators to continuously explore future technologies in order to bring improvements in the entire network infrastructure. In this article, we present a brief survey of methods to improve the power efficiency of cellular networks, explore some research issues and challenges and suggest some techniques to enable an energy efficient or "green" cellular network. Since base stations consume a maximum portion of the total energy used in a cellular system, we will first provide a comprehensive survey on techniques to obtain energy savings in base stations. Next, we discuss how heterogenous network deployment based on micro, pico and femto-cells can be used to achieve this goal. Since cognitive radio and cooperative rela...

Hasan, Ziaul; Bhargava, Vijay K

2011-01-01

325

Research Concerns Regarding Survey Interviewer Characteristics: A Bibliometric Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper evaluates the factors on which depends the appearance in literature of the articles that treats the survey interviewer characteristics topic. For this purpose we do a bibliometric analysis. Our research is based on 234 articles which were published during 1949-2010, which approaches the topic of the survey interviewer characteristics and which can be find in the online articles databases. We aim to estimate the association of factors that can influence the appearance of an article on this topic in prestigious journals and to evaluate the influence of those factors. In the data analysis we used data association analysis and logit regression model. Data were processed in the statistical programs R. The results of statistical analyses have shown that, for the analyzed articles, the time period when the articles had been elaborated and the geographical area where the author is from are factors influencing the publication of the studied articles in a prestigious journal.

Elissabeta JABA; Alina MOROSANU

2012-01-01

326

A comparison of the workload of rural and urban primary care physicians in Germany: analysis of a questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many western countries are facing an existing or imminent shortage of primary care physicians especially in rural areas. In Germany, working in rural areas is often thought to be associated with more working hours, a higher number of patients and a lower income than working in urban areas. These perceptions might be key reasons for the shortage. The aim of this analysis was to explore if working time, number of treated patients per week or proportion of privately insured patients vary between rural and urban areas in Germany using two different definitions of rurality within a sample of primary care physicians including general practitioners, general internists and paediatricians. Methods This is a secondary analysis of pre-collected data raised by a questionnaire that was sent to a representative random sample of 1500 primary care physicians chosen by data of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians from all federal states in Germany. We employed two different methods of defining rurality; firstly, level of rurality as rated by physicians themselves (urban area, small town, rural area); secondly, rurality defined according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Results This analysis was based upon questionnaire data from 715 physicians. Primary care physicians in single-handed practices in rural areas worked on average four hours more per week than their urban counterparts (p Conclusion Overall this analysis identified few differences between urban and rural primary care physician working conditions. To counter future misdistribution of primary care, students should receive practical experience in rural areas to get more practical knowledge on working conditions.

Steinhaeuser Jost; Joos Stefanie; Szecsenyi Joachim; Miksch Antje

2011-01-01

327

Factor structure of "personhood" for elderly healthcare services: a questionnaire survey of long-term care facilities in Japan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop the Personhood Questionnaire (PQ) to determine the factor structure of "personhood" for elderly healthcare services and identify personhood components other than PQ items. METHOD: We enrolled 314 healthcare professionals at long-term care facilities in Japan. Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of 17 PQ items. The PQ was designed to assess the degree of need in elderly healthcare services on a 5-point Likert scale (Question 1), and identify personhood components other than PQ items (Question 2). We performed factor analysis for answers to Question 1, and text mining and cluster analysis for answers to Question 2. RESULTS: Factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure. Cronbach's ? was 0.87 for the 17 original items and 0.86 for the 15 items after removing two items. Text mining identified 27 personhood components, which were classified into three clusters. The second cluster consisted of non-PQ items. CONCLUSIONS: Factor 1 was "forming daily life," factor 2 was "forming career and context," factor 3 was "affecting psychological behavior," and factor 4 was "forming basic attributes." Components of the second cluster require further examination before incorporation into the concept of personhood. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION: • Improving the quality of individualized care, in which "personhood" and dignity of elderly people are respected, is an urgent goal. • The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), a conceptual practice model for occupational therapy, should be used jointly with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to establish the concept of personhood. • The construction of personhood in elderly health care services consists of a four-factor structure, including "forming daily life," "forming career and context," "affecting psychological behavior," and "forming basic attributes." • This study suggests that provision of high-quality individualized care can be achieved by promoting services that focus on "forming daily life,” which has the highest factor contribution.

Kurokawa H; Yabuwaki K; Kobayashi R

2013-04-01

328

[Alcohol dependence syndrome and Before-Discharge Intervention Method (BDIM)--No. 5. Patients' evaluation of BDIM by questionnaire survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

One (A.I) of the authors has developed BDIM (Before-Discharge Intervention Method) for the purpose of making alcoholics aware of their drinking problems. 153 patients were treated by BDIM. After the practiced BDIM, the patients underwent a 52 month observational period. 82 patients (53.6%) continued with either treatment as outpatient or inpatients, or attendance of a self-help group. We administered these 82 patients our questionnaire that asked for their assessment about the therapeutic effects of BDIM. 76 patients (49.7%) completed our questionnaire. Regarding the impression of family members' letters in BDIM, 70 patients (92.1% of 76) answered that the letter have had a positive impression on them. 52 patients (68.4% of 76) answered that they have had very strong or strong impressions. The numbers of patients who have [very strong or strong] impression are significantly more in the abstinence group than in the drinking group. Also, we asked patients about which messages of spouses, daughters and sons in BDIM gave the strongest impression to these patients. The result showed that their daughter gave the strongest impression to many patients. We believe that their children, especially the patients' daughter's messages, have therapeutic effects as impact messages even though alcoholics have cognitive or memory disorder. Patients positively assessed that BDIM strengthened motivation for treatment or attendance of self-help group meetings, for abstinence and for the consequence to their lives. Many patients assessed that BDIM has effect on awareness of their drinking problems. But the ratio of positive answers about motivation of awareness of drinking problem is smaller than the ratio of positive answers about other questions. As a result, we surmised that BDIM will have the effect of empowerment, including the effect of awareness. PMID:17037344

Ing, Aro; Saka, Yasuhiro; Yamashiro, Kazunori; Cho, Tetsuji; Torituka, Michihiro

2006-08-01

329

[Alcohol dependence syndrome and Before-Discharge Intervention Method (BDIM)--No. 5. Patients' evaluation of BDIM by questionnaire survey].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

One (A.I) of the authors has developed BDIM (Before-Discharge Intervention Method) for the purpose of making alcoholics aware of their drinking problems. 153 patients were treated by BDIM. After the practiced BDIM, the patients underwent a 52 month observational period. 82 patients (53.6%) continued with either treatment as outpatient or inpatients, or attendance of a self-help group. We administered these 82 patients our questionnaire that asked for their assessment about the therapeutic effects of BDIM. 76 patients (49.7%) completed our questionnaire. Regarding the impression of family members' letters in BDIM, 70 patients (92.1% of 76) answered that the letter have had a positive impression on them. 52 patients (68.4% of 76) answered that they have had very strong or strong impressions. The numbers of patients who have [very strong or strong] impression are significantly more in the abstinence group than in the drinking group. Also, we asked patients about which messages of spouses, daughters and sons in BDIM gave the strongest impression to these patients. The result showed that their daughter gave the strongest impression to many patients. We believe that their children, especially the patients' daughter's messages, have therapeutic effects as impact messages even though alcoholics have cognitive or memory disorder. Patients positively assessed that BDIM strengthened motivation for treatment or attendance of self-help group meetings, for abstinence and for the consequence to their lives. Many patients assessed that BDIM has effect on awareness of their drinking problems. But the ratio of positive answers about motivation of awareness of drinking problem is smaller than the ratio of positive answers about other questions. As a result, we surmised that BDIM will have the effect of empowerment, including the effect of awareness.

Ing A; Saka Y; Yamashiro K; Cho T; Torituka M

2006-08-01

330

NSF/Tokyo Report: A Survey of Laboratories Involved in Basic Biological Research in Japan  

Science.gov (United States)

Title: NSF/Tokyo Report: A Survey of Laboratories Involved in Basic Biological Research in Japan ... Report #97-36 (November 4, 1997) Survey of laboratories involved in basic biological research in ...

331

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies Ainsworth New Physical Activity Questionnaire (N-PAQ) Arizona Activity Frequency Questionnaire (AAFQ) Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey (ADNFS) Auckland Heart Study (AHS) Physical Activity

332

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, as a part of the radioactivity investigation research by Science and Technology Agency, the investigation of the environment radioactivity due to the radioactive fallout accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from nuclear power facilities and these safety analysis have been continuously carried out since 1959. The investigation of the radioactivity level and dose in environment, foods and human bodies, the investigation of the level around nuclear facilities, the business of radioactivity data center, the basic investigation on the evaluation of radioactivity survey results, the training of engineers and so on were carried out. Those results are summarized. (J.P.N.)

1993-01-01

333

Physician use of IT: results from the Deloitte Research Survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors analyzed 1,200 physician responses to a Deloitte Research/Fulcrum Analytics survey of office-based physician use of the Internet and other information technology (IT). Overall, the results suggest that 40 to 50 percent of all respondents are using, or are ready to use, IT for substantial clinical care. However, time and liability concerns about patient e-mail were pervasive across all IT user categories. The results also indicate that some public/private policies aimed at increasing physician IT use for clinical management should be tailored to specific segments of the physician IT user spectrum, rather than using a "one-size-fits-all" policy approach.

Miller RH; Hillman JM; Given RS

2004-01-01

334

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This survey of environmental conditions in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1981 indicates no significant radiological hazard to the general public. This result is consistent with the fact that controlled airborne and liquid effluent releases throughout the year were maintained within the authorised limits, and also indicates that there were no significant accidental releases. Residual cobalt-60 and zinc-65 activity in the Woronora River has decreased since the cessation of controlled liquid effluent discharges in 1980. No trends are obvious, in any of the data, which could lead to future problems from continued operation on the present scale

1983-01-01

335

PARTAKE Survey of Public Knowledge and Perceptions of Clinical Research in India  

Science.gov (United States)

Background A public that is an informed partner in clinical research is important for ethical, methodological, and operational reasons. There are indications that the public is unaware or misinformed, and not sufficiently engaged in clinical research but studies on the topic are lacking. PARTAKE – Public Awareness of Research for Therapeutic Advancements through Knowledge and Empowerment is a program aimed at increasing public awareness and partnership in clinical research. The PARTAKE Survey is a component of the program. Objective To study public knowledge and perceptions of clinical research. Methods A 40-item questionnaire combining multiple-choice and open-ended questions was administered to 175 English- or Hindi-speaking individuals in 8 public locations representing various socioeconomic strata in New Delhi, India. Results Interviewees were 18–84 old (mean: 39.6, SD±16.6), 23.6% female, 68.6% employed, 7.3% illiterate, 26.3% had heard of research, 2.9% had participated and 58.9% expressed willingness to participate in clinical research. The following perceptions were reported (% true/% false/% not aware): ‘research benefits society’ (94.1%/3.5%/2.3%), ‘the government protects against unethical clinical research’ (56.7%/26.3%/16.9%), ‘research hospitals provide better care’ (67.2%/8.7%/23.9%), ‘confidentiality is adequately protected’ (54.1%/12.3%/33.5%), ‘participation in research is voluntary’ (85.3%/5.8%/8.7%); ‘participants treated like ‘guinea pigs’’ (20.7%/53.2%/26.0%), and ‘compensation for participation is adequate’ (24.7%/12.9%/62.3%). Conclusions Results suggest the Indian public is aware of some key features of clinical research (e.g., purpose, value, voluntary nature of participation), and supports clinical research in general but is unaware of other key features (e.g., compensation, confidentiality, protection of human participants) and exhibits some distrust in the conduct and reporting of clinical trials. Larger, cross-cultural surveys are required to inform educational programs addressing these issues.

Burt, Tal; Dhillon, Savita; Sharma, Pooja; Khan, Danish; MV, Deepa; Alam, Sazid; Jain, Sarika; Alapati, Bhavana; Mittal, Sanjay; Singh, Padam

2013-01-01

336

The opinions of health care staff about the management of difficult airway in the emergency department: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the airway management and difficult airway procedures with nine multiple choice questions directed to seventy emergency department staff. Materials and Methods: Nine multiple choice questions were used for the questionnaire. The first five questions were used to define the airway management and the current practices in managing difficult airway and the remaining four were used to define the opinion of participants in particular situations. Results: Seventy participants composed of physicians and allied health care personnel were included in the study. The results showed that emergency physicians were responsible for airway management in 70% of the emergency departments. However, there was no standard algorithm established in 40% of the sites. 27% of participants reported that the bag valve mask ventilation was not safe enough due to the risk of aspiration. 95.7% of the participants reported that they occasionally need alternative airway devices, however 31.4% of them did not have these devices in use. All of the participants agreed that alternative airway devices should be available in emergency departments and 91.4% stated that they should also be available for use in the prehospital environment. Conclusion: It is important to take the opinions of emergency department staff into consideration for determining the needs of emergency medical practice.

Murat DURUSU; Selahattin ÖZYÜREK; Gül PAMUKÇU; Kerem PEKBÜYÜK; Betül AKBU?A; Ahmet DEM?RCAN; Murat ERO?LU; Mehmet ERYILMAZ

2008-01-01

337

Survey of breast cancer screening by mammography. Results of a questionnaire sent to local self-governing bodies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] In order to grasp the current status of breast cancer screening in Japan, a questionnaire was distributed to all local self-governing bodies (LSGB). The results indicated that breast cancer screening with mammography was performed by 97.9% of LSGB. Breast cancer screening was started for women aged less than 40 years at 11.9% of the LSGB, and from 40 years of age at 86.8%. Breast cancer screening for women aged 30-39 years was performed at 51.2% of the LSGB. The proportions of studies involving palpation, mammography, and ultrasonography (US) were 34.0%, 24.5%, and 41.6%, respectively. The coverage of screening invitations between April 2006 and March 2007 was grasped at 94.7% of LSGB. At 23.2%, the coverage was less than 10%, and at 33.8% was 10-19.9%. At 7.1%, the coverage was 50% or more. The national average for coverage was 10%, and was especially low in large cities. The recall rate for LSBG between April 2006 and March 2007 was 85.2%. At 22.4% of the LSBG, recall rates were less than 5%, and at 15.6% the recall rates were 50% or more. Screening mammography for women aged 30-39 years needs to be examined in the future. When recall rates exceed 20%, it is necessary to re-examine the accuracy management of breast cancer screening. (author)

2009-01-01

338

The results of a questionnaire survey for current diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, detection rate of DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ) has gradually increased because mammography screening has been prevailed among 40's in Japan and stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for nonpalpable lesion had been approved under Government Health Insurance since April, 2004. We performed nationwide survey for DCIS. It showed detection rate of DCIS in 2005 was 10.9%. Breast conserving surgery was performed 65% among DCIS cases. Lymphnode dissection was done for 27.2% of total cases. Sentinel node biopsy is one of the key procedures to avoid unnecessary axillary dissection. The indication of postoperative radiation and hormone therapy should be clarified based on clinical trials in the near future. (author)

2007-01-01

339

Recognition and management of overweight and obese children: a questionnaire survey of general practitioners and parents in England.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: To (i) compare the views of general practitioners (GPs) and parents about the causes, consequences and management of childhood overweight/obesity; and (ii) explore the extent to which they can identify overweight/obesity in children. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to all GPs in one Primary Care Trust and all parents in one primary school in southern England, 2008. Information was gathered on socio-demographic background, views about causes, consequences and management of childhood overweight/obesity; judgements about the weight status of 14 images of children (seven boys, seven girls) in the Children's Body Image Scale (CBIS). Comparisons were made between GP and parents' responses using unpaired bivariate tests. RESULTS: The response rate was 33%. Differences exist between the views of GPs and parents about childhood weight management: 86.4% of parents felt GPs should be involved, compared to 73.3% of GPs (P < 0.001). Parents thought GPs should be more proactive than the GPs stated they would be. GPs were significantly more likely than parents to see a role for school nurses and dieticians. One third of respondents thought GPs lacked expertise in child weight management. Most GPs and parents correctly identified obese children from the images, but inaccuracies occurred at category margins. CONCLUSIONS: Childhood overweight/obesity is a serious public health concern, and primary care has a role to play in tackling it. GPs in England need more training in childhood overweight/obesity management. Their role needs to be clarified in the context of multiagency approaches.

Gage H; Erdal E; Saigal P; Qiao Y; Williams P; Raats MM

2012-02-01

340

Student nurses' experiences of the clinical learning environment in relation to the organization of supervision: A questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim was to investigate student nurses' experiences of the clinical learning environment in relation to how the supervision was organized. BACKGROUND: The clinical environment plays an essential part in student nurses' learning. Even though different models for supervision have been previously set forth, it has been stressed that there is a need both of further empirical studies on the role of preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education and of studies comparing different models. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with comparative design was carried out with a mixed method approach. Data were collected from student nurses in the final term of the nursing programme at three universities in Sweden by means of a questionnaire. RESULTS: In general the students had positive experiences of the clinical learning environment with respect to pedagogical atmosphere, leadership style of the ward manager, premises of nursing, supervisory relationship, and role of the nurse preceptor and nurse teacher. However, there were significant differences in their ratings of the supervisory relationship (p<0.001) and the pedagogical atmosphere (p 0.025) depending on how the supervision was organized. Students who had the same preceptor all the time were more satisfied with the supervisory relationship than were those who had different preceptors each day. Students' comments on the supervision confirmed the significance of the preceptor and the supervisory relationship. CONCLUSION: The organization of the supervision was of significance with regard to the pedagogical atmosphere and the students' relation to preceptors. Students with the same preceptor throughout were more positive concerning the supervisory relationship and the pedagogical atmosphere.

Sundler AJ; Björk M; Bisholt B; Ohlsson U; Engström AK; Gustafsson M

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
341

Business planning health-check questionnaire: a survey of first, second, third and fourth wave NHS Trusts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports the results of primary research which was carried out in July 1995 with respect to business planning within first, second, third and fourth wave National Health Service (NHS) Trusts. The purpose of the research was to examine current practice in these Trusts in three areas--namely, the levels of responsibility for business planning in general, the business planning processes applied by these Trusts, and the tools and techniques used by business planning managers in the compilation of business plans. The research, based on a 37.5% response rate, concludes that, as a general rule, business planning in first, second, third and fourth wave NHS Trusts tends to be a board-level activity, where senior managers have a job title which reflects this function. Secondly, the research shows that by far the greatest challenge for Trusts lies in the external marketplace. In areas such as patient needs forecasting, competitive (Trust) intelligence, purchaser and general practice fundholder requirements, data are difficult to acquire. Finally, the evidence suggests that there is a significant gap between what is regarded as business planning practice in the NHS and what is actually applied as best practice. The report concludes that business planning in the NHS Trusts sampled appears to be an art rather than a science, and that many assumptions made by business planning managers are founded on qualitative information rather than on specific, measurable data derived from the external and internal market.

Bennett AR; Banks JM

1999-02-01

342

Questionnaire survey of SPECT studies after the supply shortage of Tc-99m and model analysis concerning earnings and expenditure of generator use  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate decrease in SPECT studies and its causes after the cessation of long supply shortage of 99Mo/99mTc generators. Of the replies by the chief nuclear medicine technologists, no necessity for 99Mo/99mTc generator use or for domestic supply of 99mTc unexpectedly accounted for 25% and 46%, respectively. Generator use leads to an additional profit by 8654 yen per patient, compared to purchase of commercially available 99mTc-labeled kits. It is essential to install a 99Mo/99mTc generator to perform emergency SPECT studies, increase a profit in hospital management, reduction of financial issues in patients, and pediatric studies. This adverse circumstance, however, may provide a good opportunity to instruct nuclear medicine specialists to be aware of the importance mentioned above in medical meetings. (author)

2012-01-01

343

Evaluating the Theory of Planned Behavior to explain intention to engage in premarital sex amongst Korean college students: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To reduce risky adolescent sexual behavior, education programs must be tailored to specific cultures and stage of adolescence. OBJECTIVES: This study describes the self-reported sexual behavior of Korean college students and examines the efficiency of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TpB) in explaining intention of engaging in premarital sex in order to provide insights for a potential sex education program designed to reduce risky sexual behavior. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, correlational design using an exploratory survey method was used. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from a university in Korea with a flyer posted at the entrance of the student health service center, and self-referral in 2004. Male and female unmarried college students aged 18 to 25 were included. Foreign students and students with visible physical problems were excluded. Three hundred and twenty of 550 students returned the questionnaire packets. Final data analysis included 298 students after deleting incomplete data. METHODS: Participants completed six questionnaires: (1) Background and Sexual Behavior Questionnaire, including items related to perceived risk of sexual behavior, (2) Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale, and four scales related to TpB construct: (3) modified Premarital Sexual Attitude Scale, (4) Referent group Approval of Sex Behavior Scale, (5) Sexual Abstinence Efficacy Scale and (6) modified version of Doswell's Intention of Sexual Behavior Scale. RESULTS: Premarital sexual attitude, abstinence self-efficacy and referent group norms were significant predictors of intention of premarital sex for male students with a large effect, but only attitude and norms predicted intention of premarital sex for female students. CONCLUSION: The TpB may be an effective theory to guide the development of theory-driven sexual abstinence interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior for Korean males, while the Theory of Reasoned Action may be an effective theory for Korean females.

Cha ES; Doswell WM; Kim KH; Charron-Prochownik D; Patrick TE

2007-09-01

344

Cross-sectional survey on complementary and alternative medicine awareness among health care professionals and students using CHBQ questionnaire in a Balkan country.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a study on attitudes, knowledge, and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in Serbia. Available data about CAM therapies in the region are scarce, opinions lacking from health sector. Balkan region countries had a delay in issuing national policies on CAM therapies. METHODS: The questionnaire used was based on previously validated CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ), formulated as 5-item Likert type scale, adjusted for local environment. Health care students and professionals were evaluated. The questionnaire comprehended 10 closed questions on attitudes, knowledge and use of CAM therapies. This survey was conducted in eight cities of Serbia, January 2010-July 2011. A total of 797 participants was included. The second group of participants was 145 healthcare professionals (50 academic staff, 64 clinical staff, 19 pharmacists, 6 other clinical branch specialists and 6 nurses). Data were collected by an interview. Examinees could acquire maximum of 70 points, 35 representing neutral attitude. RESULTS: Students of dentistry (54.65±6.07) were better informed on CAM therapies than medicine students (50.26±7.92). Pharmacy students (51.16±7.10) accepted low-scientific CAM. Pharmacists scored better than university professors (55.12±6.55 vs. 50.29±9.50). Primary health care professionals had better awareness than pharmacists in dispensing pharmacies. Both groups of participants preferred use of vitamins over any other CAM therapy. CONCLUSION: These pioneering efforts in the region exposed weaknesses in CAM attitudes of current and future health care professionals. Nevertheless, awareness on alternative medicine treatment choices is growing among Balkan prescribers. Supportive legal framework would facilitate dissemination of CAM medical practices.

Jakovljevic MB; Djordjevic V; Markovic V; Milovanovic O; Rancic NK; Cupara SM

2013-09-01

345

Effect of survey instrument on participation in a follow-up study: a randomization study of a mailed questionnaire versus a computer-assisted telephone interview  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many epidemiological and public health surveys report increasing difficulty obtaining high participation rates. We conducted a pilot follow-up study to determine whether a mailed or telephone survey would better facilitate data collection in a subset of respondents to an earlier telephone survey conducted as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Methods We randomly assigned 392 eligible mothers to receive a self-administered, mailed questionnaire (MQ) or a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) using similar recruitment protocols. If mothers gave permission to contact the fathers, fathers were recruited to complete the same instrument (MQ or CATI) as mothers. Results Mothers contacted for the MQ, within all demographic strata examined, were more likely to participate than those contacted for the CATI (86.6% vs. 70.6%). The median response time for mothers completing the MQ was 17?days, compared to 29?days for mothers completing the CATI. Mothers completing the MQ also required fewer reminder calls or letters to finish participation versus those assigned to the CATI (median 3 versus 6), though they were less likely to give permission to contact the father (75.0% vs. 85.8%). Fathers contacted for the MQ, however, had higher participation compared to fathers contacted for the CATI (85.2% vs. 54.5%). Fathers recruited to the MQ also had a shorter response time (median 17?days) and required fewer reminder calls and letters (median 3 reminders) than those completing the CATI (medians 28?days and 6 reminders). Conclusions We concluded that offering a MQ substantially improved participation rates and reduced recruitment effort compared to a CATI in this study. While a CATI has the advantage of being able to clarify answers to complex questions or eligibility requirements, our experience suggests that a MQ might be a good survey option for some studies.

Rocheleau Carissa M; Romitti Paul A; Sherlock Stacey; Sanderson Wayne T; Bell Erin M; Druschel Charlotte

2012-01-01

346

Self-efficacy, medication adherence, and quality of life among people living with HIV in Hunan Province of China: a questionnaire survey.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Self-efficacy is associated with health behavior and medication adherence in persons living with HIV infection (PLWH). This paper describes self-efficacy, medication adherence, and quality of life (QOL), and it examines the relationships among these variables in PLWH in China. A cross-sectional survey of 199 patients was completed using the HIV Self-Efficacy Questionnaire and the QOL for Chinese HIV-Infected Questionnaire. Medication adherence was measured through direct questioning of pill-taking behavior. Results showed that self-efficacy for disease management was moderate, with a mean score of 6.61. Of the 199 patients, 157 (78.9%) reported that medication adherence was higher than 90%. The scores for dimensions of QOL ranged from 33.1 to 81.4, with six dimensions lower than 60. Stepwise regression analyses showed that self-efficacy, medication adherence, and drug use were significant predictors of QOL. These results suggest a need for intervention programs to improve self-efficacy and quality of life in Chinese PLWH.

Huang L; Li L; Zhang Y; Li H; Li X; Wang H

2013-03-01

347

[Employee satisfaction in hospitals - validation of the picker employee questionnaire: the german version of the "survey of employee perceptions of health care delivery" (Picker Institute Boston)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim of this study was the validation of a questionnaire specially developed for the German health-care market to measure workplace-related satisfaction of all employees in direct or indirect contact to patients. Beside this, its suitability for use in human resource and quality management was tested. METHOD: Based on data from a postal survey of 38 054 employees from 37 hospitals a psychometric evaluation was done via exploratory factor analysis and reliability as well as regression analysis. For testing the capability to differentiate, subgroup analyses were conducted. RESULTS: 14 factors (Cronbach's alpha between 0.6 and 0.9) were extracted, explaining 44% of the variance. The factors leadership and organisational culture, conditions of employment, work load and relationship to direct line manager had the strongest influence on overall employee satisfaction. Age, gender, employment status, and senior position influence job satisfaction or relevant satisfaction-related factors. CONCLUSIONS: Psychometric properties, the ability to differentiate between employee groups and practicability render the questionnaire well suited for use in human resource and quality management of hospitals.

Riechmann M; Stahl K

2013-05-01

348

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be po