WorldWideScience
 
 
1

African primary care research: performing surveys using questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to provide practical guidance on conducting surveys and the use of questionnaires for postgraduate students at a Masters level who are undertaking primary care research. The article is intended to assist with writing the methods section of the research proposal and thinking through the relevant issues that apply to sample size calculation, sampling strategy, design of a questionnaire and administration of a questionnaire. The article is part of a larger series on primary care research, with other articles in the series focusing on the structure of the research proposal and the literature review, as well as quantitative data analysis.

Indiran Govender

2014-04-01

2

The Survey Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

3

The study on the outsourcing of Taiwan's hospitals: a questionnaire survey research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to assess the outsourcing situation in Taiwanese hospitals and compares the differences in hospital ownership and in accreditation levels. Methods This research combined two kinds of methods: a questionnaire survey and the in-depth interview to two CEOs of the sample hospitals. One hospital is not-for-profit, while the other is a public hospital and the research samples are from the hospital data from Taiwan's 2005 t...

Pai Jar-Yuan; Hsiao Chih-Tung; Chiu Hero

2009-01-01

4

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

5

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

6

QUESTIONNAIRES PRETESTING IN MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing the perfect survey questionnaire is impossible. However, researchers can still create an effective research. To make your questionnaire effective, it is necessary to pretest it before actually using it. The following paper reveals some general guidelines on pretesting and what to do for a more effective marketing research giving the fact that the existing literature highlights the importance and indispensability of pretesting and on the other hand, does not provide sufficient information in terms of methodology about it. Also, we have tried to explain the importance of questionnaires pretesting before applying them in order to obtain the best results in marketing research and we’ve kept in mind that high quality in this domain means using new tools and improving the existing ones if one searches for efficient results.

ALINA-MIHAELA BABONEA

2011-04-01

7

Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung city  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality perceptions are important. Aim: to investigate using a modified SERVQUAL questionnaire in assessing patient expectations, perceptions, and loyalty towards kidney disease screening service quality. Method 1595 kidney disease screening program patients in Taichung City were requested to complete and return a modified kidney disease screening SERVQUAL questionnaire. 1187 returned them. Incomplete ones (102) were culled and 1085 were chosen as effective for use. Paired t-tests, correlation tests, ANOVA, LSD test, and factor analysis identified the characteristics and factors of service quality. The paired t-test tested expectation score and perception score gaps. A structural equation modeling system examined satisfaction-based components' relationships. Results The effective response rate was 91.4%. Several methods verified validity. Cronbach's alpha on internal reliability was above 0.902. On patient satisfaction, expectation scores are high: 6.50 (0.82), but perception scores are significantly lower 6.14 (1.02). Older patients' perception scores are lower than younger patients'. Expectation and perception scores for patients with different types of jobs are significantly different. Patients higher on education have lower scores for expectation (r = -0.09) and perception (r = -0.26). Factor analysis identified three factors in the 22 item SERVQUAL form, which account for 80.8% of the total variance for the expectation scores and 86.9% of the total variance for the satisfaction scores. Expectation and perception score gaps in all 22 items are significant. The goodness-of-fit summary of the SEM results indicates that expectations and perceptions are positively correlated, perceptions and loyalty are positively correlated, but expectations and loyalty are not positively correlated. Conclusions The results of this research suggest that the SERVQUAL instrument is a useful measurement tool in assessing and monitoring service quality in kidney disease screening services, enabling the staff to identify where service improvements are needed from the patients' perspectives. PMID:20021684

2009-01-01

8

A questionnaire survey of stress and bullying in doctors undertaking research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Research is an increasingly important aspect of higher medical training for many doctors. Studies investigating sources of stress, isolation, and workplace bullying have not previously sought information in this setting.

Stebbing, J.; Mandalia, S.; Portsmouth, S.; Leonard, P.; Crane, J.; Bower, M.; Earl, H.; Quine, L.

2004-01-01

9

Energy Balance Survey: Administrator Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obesity, poor diet, and lack of physical activity are recognized as major public health problems in the United States.

10

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section...Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for...

2010-01-01

11

Chronic persistent cough in the community: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Chronic cough is a common symptom which causes significant levels of morbidity. It is becoming increasingly well characterised by research taking place in specialist cough clinics, where successful treatment rates are high. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the symptom complex of chronic cough in the community. This report details the results of a postal questionnaire survey sent to individuals requesting further information on chronic cough.

Thompson Rachel H; Kastelik Jack A; Everett Caroline F; Morice Alyn H

2007-01-01

12

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

13

Investigating the complementary value of discrete choice experiments for the evaluation of barriers and facilitators in implementation research: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The potential barriers and facilitators to change should guide the choice of implementation strategy. Implementation researchers believe that existing methods for the evaluation of potential barriers and facilitators are not satisfactory. Discrete choice experiments (DCE are relatively new in the health care sector to investigate preferences, and may be of value in the field of implementation research. The objective of our study was to investigate the complementary value of DCE for the evaluation of barriers and facilitators in implementation research. Methods Clinical subject was the implementation of the guideline for breast cancer surgery in day care. We identified 17 potential barriers and facilitators to the implementation of this guideline. We used a traditional questionnaire that was made up of statements about the potential barriers and facilitators. Respondents answered 17 statements on a five-point scale ranging from one (fully disagree to five (fully agree. The potential barriers and facilitators were included in the DCE as decision attributes. Data were gathered among anaesthesiologists, surgical oncologists, and breast care nurses by means of a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Results The overall response was 10%. The most striking finding was that the responses to the traditional questionnaire hardly differentiated between barriers. Forty-seven percent of the respondents thought that DCE is an inappropriate method. These respondents considered DCE too difficult and too time-consuming. Unlike the traditional questionnaire, the results of a DCE provide implementation researchers and clinicians with a relative attribute importance ranking that can be used to prioritize potential barriers and facilitators to change, and hence to better fine-tune the implementation strategies to the specific problems and challenges of a particular implementation process. Conclusion The results of our DCE and traditional questionnaire would probably lead to different implementation strategies. Although there is no 'gold standard' for prioritising potential barriers and facilitators to the implementation of change, theoretically, DCE would be the method of choice. However, the feasibility of using DCE was less favourable. Further empirical applications should investigate whether DCE can really make a valuable contribution to the implementation science.

de Kok Mascha

2009-03-01

14

Chronic persistent cough in the community: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic cough is a common symptom which causes significant levels of morbidity. It is becoming increasingly well characterised by research taking place in specialist cough clinics, where successful treatment rates are high. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the symptom complex of chronic cough in the community. This report details the results of a postal questionnaire survey sent to individuals requesting further information on chronic cough. Methods 856 chronic cough questionnaires were sent out to members of the public who requested an information sheet following a national UK radio broadcast. Information regarding demography, history of cough, previous treatment and physical, psychological and social effects of the cough was elicited. Results 373 completed questionnaires were returned. Mean age was 65.3 years (SD 12.0, range 9–88 years. 73% were female and 2% current smokers. Median duration of cough was 6.5 years. 66% had no other coexisting respiratory diagnosis, whilst 24% reported asthma. Of those who responded, 91% had consulted a general practitioner regarding the cough and of them, 85% had been prescribed some sort of treatment. 61% had seen at least one hospital specialist. Commonly reported associated physical symptoms included breathlessness (55%, wheeze (37%, fatigue (72% and disturbed sleep (70%. Incontinence occurred in 55% of women. Similarly, the majority reported psychological effects such as anger or frustration (83%, anxiety (69% and depression (55%. 64% felt that the cough interfered with their social life. Conclusion Chronic cough causes a high level of morbidity in the community, which results in a correspondingly high rate of healthcare utilisation. Demography and symptomatology seems to be similar to that reported from specialist centres, but successful treatment of the cough was uncommon, despite a high number of medical consultations in both primary and secondary care. If understanding of this debilitating but eminently treatable condition is enhanced, management of chronic cough will improve and many patients will be helped.

Thompson Rachel H

2007-03-01

15

Defensive practice among psychiatrists: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: There has been little research on the prevalence of defensive practice within hospital settings. The aim of this report was to examine the extent of defensiveness among psychiatrists and to examine the relationship between defensiveness and seniority, as well as the effect of previous experiences on the level of defensiveness.

Passmore, K.; Leung, W.

2002-01-01

16

Reported Voice Difficulties in Student Teachers: A Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

As professional voice users, teachers are particularly at risk of abusing their voices and developing voice disorders during their career. In spite of this, attention paid to voice care in the initial training and further professional development of teachers is unevenly spread and insufficient. This article describes a questionnaire survey of 171…

Fairfield, Carol; Richards, Brian

2007-01-01

17

Questionnaire survey of physicians: Design and practical use in nephrology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As medicine grows in complexity, it is imperative for physicians to update their knowledge base and practice to reflect current standards of care. Postgraduate training offers a golden opportunity for resident physicians to create a strong foundation of concepts in medicine. There is a need for assessing the knowledge of residents regarding established clinical practice guidelines and their perceptions regarding patient care and management. In this paper, we review how questionnaire surveys c...

Agrawal, Varun; Garimella, P. S.; Roshan, S. J.; Ghosh, A. K.

2009-01-01

18

The psychology of persecutory ideation I: a questionnaire survey.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Paranoia is a complex phenomenon that is likely to arise from a number of factors. In a recent cognitive model of persecutory delusions, three key factors are highlighted: anomalous experiences, emotion, and reasoning. In the first of two linked studies, we report a questionnaire survey of nonclinical paranoia designed to assess the theoretical model. A nonclinical population (N = 327) completed measures of paranoia, anomalous experiences (hallucinatory predisposition, perceptual anomalies), ...

Freeman, D.; Dunn, G.; Garety, PA; Bebbington, P.; Slater, M.; Kuipers, E.; Fowler, D.; Green, C.; Jordan, J.; Ray, K.

2005-01-01

19

Sources of nonresponse to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Response rates to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey (WHQS) have declined since the 1950's, suggesting that harvest estimates may be biased. Consequently, we investigated reasons for WHQS nonresponse using surveys of waterfowl hunters in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas [USA]. Sampling frames were constructed using lists of buyers of state hunting licenses or state duck stamps. We mailed questionnaires to 16,452 randomly selected hunters, with 2 follow-up mailings at 3-week intervals. Questionnaires were completed by 8,812 respondents, and a further 587 interviews were conducted by telephone. Post offices accounted for between 53.7% (Minn.) and 92.8% (N.J.) of federal waterfowl duck stamp sales, and stores accounted for most other sales. Of hunters who bought a federal waterfowl stamp from sample post offices, between 16.7% (Minn.) and 40.0% (Ark.) reported receiving a WHQS contact card. Of those receiving contact cards, between 30.0% (N.J.) and 64.3% (La. and Tex.) reported returning them. Because survey coverage of the target population is poor, we recommend that a new sampling frame be developed for the WHQS.

Barker, R.J.; Geissler, P.H.; Hoover, B.A.

1992-01-01

20

Office of the Associate Director | Applying Principles of Questionnaire Design to Strengthen Health Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. Gordon Willis has done extensive development and evaluation of cancer risk factor surveys supported by ARP, including the Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS). His research interests while working with ARP have emphasized cross-cultural issues in self-report surveys and research studies, and in particular the development of best practices for questionnaire translation and the development of pretesting techniques to evaluate the cross-cultural comparability of survey questions.

 
 
 
 
21

Nonresponse patterns in the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

I analyzed data from the 1984 and 1986 Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey (WHQS) to estimate the rate of return of name and address contact cards, to evaluate the efficiency of the Survey's stratification scheme, and to investigate potential sources of bias due to nonresponse at the contact card and questionnaire stages of the Survey. Median response at the contact card stage was 0.200 in 1984 and 0.208 in 1986, but was lower than 0.100 for many sample post offices. Large portions of the intended sample contributed little to the final estimates in the Survey. Differences in response characteristics between post office size strata were detected, but size strata were confounded with contact card return rates; differences among geographic zones within states were more pronounced. Large biases in harvest and hunter activity due to nonresponse were not found; however, consistent smaller magnitude biases were found. Bias in estimates of the proportion of active hunters was the most pronounced effect of nonresponse. All of the sources of bias detected would produce overestimates of harvest and activity. Redesigning the WHQS, including use of a complete list of waterfowl hunters and resampling nonrespondents, would be needed to reduce nonresponse bias.

Pendleton, G.W.

1992-01-01

22

Using research questionnaires with young people in schools : the influence of the social context.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Whilst there is an extensive literature on the use of self-completion questionnaires as a research tool, very little attention has been paid to the influence of the social context in determining the ways in which questionnaires are used in practice. This paper describes our experiences of working with 27 English, mixed sex, state schools to carry out a questionnaire survey with 4754 students aged 13-14 years. The survey was part of a randomized controlled trial of peer led sex education. Usin...

Strange, V.; Forrest, S.; Oakley, A.; RIPPLE Study Team. ,

2003-01-01

23

Properties of a short questionnaire for assessing Primary Care experiences for children in a population survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) is an interesting set of tools for primary care research. A very short version could inform policy makers about consumer experiences with primary care (PC) through health surveys. This work aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of a selection of items from the child short edition (CS) of the PCAT. Methods A 24 item questionnaire permitted the identification of a regular source of care and th...

Isabel, Pasari?n M.; Rodríguez-Sanz Maica; Rocha Kátia B; Berra Silvina; Rajmil Luis; Borrell Carme; Starfield Barbara

2011-01-01

24

Charity donor attitudes and preference :an analysis of a questionnaire survey in Norway  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since private donations take a large proportion in charitable giving, the meaning of study individual donors’ attitudes and preferences become important. There were some previous researches provided the evidence that donor’s decision is not independent. There are factors could increase the donation. In this Master thesis, based on a questionnaire survey conducted in 2011 in Norway, it is aimed to find out whether some factors impact the donors’ attitudes or not. These factors include th...

Alima, Ms

2014-01-01

25

Primary health and supportive care needs of long-term cancer survivors: a questionnaire survey.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

PURPOSE: There are 1.2 million long-term cancer survivors in the United Kingdom. Existing research on the health and supportive care needs of these survivors is sparse and inconclusive. This study investigated health status, psychological morbidity, and supportive care needs in long-term cancer survivors in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Five to 16 years after diagnosis, 1,275 eligible survivors of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers were approached to participate in a questionnaire survey...

Harrison, Se; Watson, Ek; Ward, Am; Khan, Nf; Turner, D.; Adams, E.; Forman, D.; Roche, Mf; Rose, Pw

2011-01-01

26

Human suffering effects of nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Established on the basis of questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of the present paper is to explore the effects of radiation exposure on the inhabitants near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS), Kazakhstan. Our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started in 2002 to conduct a field research study using questionnaire surveys. The present paper attempts to clarify health effects and mental problems on the inhabitants by using our questionnaire surveys. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses upon responses to the questions concerning their health and mental problems. The data in Semipalatinsk have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey conducted by Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities. The results show: 33% of the residents replied that they felt bad or had very bad health conditions. 70% of the residents strongly recognized a causal relationship between their bad health conditions and the nuclear tests. The diseases that over 30% of respondents possessed are arthralgia/lower back pain/arthritis, high-blood pressure, heart disease and digestive system disease. Acute radiation injuries from 1949 to 1962 that over 20% of respondents experienced were headaches and general malaise. Concerning their mental condition, 22% of respondents felt easily frustrated and agitated and 21% experienced nightmare. (author)

27

Scholarly and Research Journals: Survey of Publisher Practices and Present Attitudes on Authorized Journal Article Copying and Licensing. Analysis of Returns to Questionnaires Developed by and Distributed for the National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works (CONTU).  

Science.gov (United States)

The report tabulates and analyzes responses to two questionnaires returned by 531 (out of 1672) profit and non-profit publishers of 974 (out of 2552) United States scholarly and research journals. Certain categories of periodicals were excluded because they were not believed to ordinarily contain communications useful for scholarly purposes, or…

Fry, Bernard M.; And Others

28

Dissemination of information to General Practitioners: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Early identification of permanent hearing impairment in children enables appropriate intervention which reduces adverse developmental outcomes. The UK Government has introduced a universal hearing screening programme for neonates. All involved health professionals, including those in Primary Care, need to be aware of the service to enable them to offer appropriate support to their patients. A programme of information dissemination within Primary Care was therefore undertaken. The aim of the current study was to determine the extent to which the information had reached General Practitioners (GPs, the GPs' preferred mode of dissemination and the sources from which GPs accessed information Methods Postal questionnaire survey of a randomised sample of 1000 GPs in the Phase I pilot sites of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Programme (NHSP. Results Responses were received from 54.2% of the sample. Just under 50% of those responding had received information, 62.2% of respondents said they would like to receive more information and the preferred methods of dissemination were the written word and web-sites to allow access when needed. Few GPs perceive themselves to have a core role in the delivery of the NHSP and thence a need for knowledge in the subject. Many are keen to delegate detail to a third party, usually the health visitor, who has traditionally had responsibility for hearing screening. Conclusions Dissemination efforts for service developments of relevance to GPs should concentrate on advertising a website address via brief but memorable posted literature and/or articles in relevant journals and magazines. The website should be GP-friendly, and have a dedicated area for GPs including information of specific relevance and downloadable information sheets.

Fortnum Heather

2004-11-01

29

Questionnaire survey, Indoor climate measurements and Energy consumption : Concerto Initiative  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The municipality of Egedal decided in 2006 to make use of the possibility in the Danish Planning Law for a municipality to tighten the energy requirements in the local plan for a new settlement to be erected in the municipality. During the years 2007-2011 a total of 442 dwellings were to be designed and constructed with a heating demand corresponding to the Danish low-energy standard referred to as "low-energy class 1" in a new settlement called Stenløse Syd. This means that the energy consumption is to be 50% lower than the requirement in BR08 (Danish Building Regulations 2008). 66 flats were to be designed and constructed with a yearly heating demand of 15 kWh/m². Furthermore, the Concerto community include a kindergarten and an activity centre for elderly people. All the single family houses were to be heated by a heat pump supported by a 3 m² thermal solar system for hot water preparation. The dense low-rise houing are to be heated by a district heating network. All dwellings were to be equipped with a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery and an electronic system for energy monitoring and control of the heating systems. The first houses were occupied in 2008. This report presents part of the results of an evaluation of the project that was performed in the settlement. The evaluation consisted of a questionnaire survey of occupant experiences and satisfaction in 35 single-family houses, measurements of energy consumption in 22 selected single-family houses and 58 flats, and measurements, assessments, and a series of physical measurements of selected indoor climate parameters in 7 selected single-family houses during March 2012.

Knudsen, Henrik Nellemose; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

2012-01-01

30

Analysis of consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat using a structured survey questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a structured survey questionnaire was used to determine consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat at a horse meat restaurant located in Jeju, Korea, from October 1 to December 24, 2005. The questionnaire employed in this study consisted of 20 questions designed to characterize six general attributes: horse meat sensory property, physical appearance, health condition, origin, price, and other attributes. Of the 1370 questionnaires distributed, 1126 completed questionnaires were retained based on the completeness of the answers, representing an 82.2% response rate. Two issues were investigated that might facilitate the search for ways to improve horse meat production and marketing programs in Korea. The first step was to determine certain important factors, called principal components, which enabled the researchers to understand the needs of horse meat consumers via principal component analysis. The second step was to define consumer segments with regard to their preferences for horse meat, which was accomplished via cluster analysis. The results of the current study showed that health condition, price, origin, and leanness were the most critical physical attributes affecting the preferences of horse meat consumers. Four segments of consumers, with different demands for horse meat attributes, were identified: origin-sensitive consumers, price-sensitive consumers, quality and safety-sensitive consumers, and non-specific consumers. Significant differences existed among segments of consumers in terms of age, nature of work, frequency of consumption, and general level of acceptability of horse meat. PMID:20163664

Oh, Woon Yong; Lee, Ji Woong; Lee, Chong Eon; Ko, Moon Seok; Jeong, Jae Hong

2009-12-01

31

Application of annotated paraconsistent logic to surveys conducted of self-administered questionnaires containing redundant questions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Opinion polls and evaluation questionnaires are routinely applied as a means to gauge the most diversetopics and often result inconsistent, mainly because, as they are directed to the public in general and not for specialistsonly, they must perforce employ quite straightforward, easy to understand, questions, which are vague by their ownnature and allow too much for interpretation (i. e. present much cognitive imprecision on the part of the surveyee.Design/methodology/approach: On one hand, they are cheap to conduct, and are the most widely known andaccepted way to measure all kinds of otherwise intangible things as preference, satisfaction and happiness. Onthe other hand, it is well established that the wording of the questions, the order in which they are asked and thenumber and form of alternative answers offered can influence results of such surveys, so much that, on someissues, question wording can result in quite pronounced differences between surveys.Findings: This problem has been recognized almost from the time the questionnaire was invented by Sir FrancisGalton (in the first decade of the 20th century, and numerous processes and techniques have been developedsince then, always aiming at achieving more reproductible results and eliminating all kinds of biases.Research limitations/implications: In the present communcation we envision a novel survey instrument, designedto be analyzed by means of annotated paraconsistent logic techniques, which allows for both the detection ofcontradictions and inconsistencies on the part of the respondent, as well as for the continuous improvement of theadequacy of the instrument in itself. We also present, as a proof-of-concept, the application of the said methodologyto two car dealer customer satisfaction evaluation surveys, and an in-depth analysis of the results it has yielded.Originality/value: In the present communication, previously applied questionnaires, designed to gauge cardealer customer satisfaction, both on new vehicle acquisition and on servicing, are analyzed by means of thisnovel method.

O.T. Ito

2008-12-01

32

To Store or Not to Store? : A Quantitative Questionnaire Survey Study about Information Storage Systems for Scholarly Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Purpose This thesis aims to focus on how master students administer scholarly articles after they have found them. The purpose of the study is to detect how and to what extent people administer their articles from a personal information management-perspective (PIM). Method To answer the research questions, a web-based questionnaire survey was distributed which was announced to around 2,000 master students from different universities in Sweden. Most of the items in the survey focused...

Ha?usner, Eva-maria

2012-01-01

33

The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

34

Identifying obstacles to participation in a questionnaire survey on widowers' grief  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to determine if Icelandic widowers might foresee obstacles to responding to a questionnaire on bereavement. Also, we sought to compare the proportion of men reporting obstacles in a telephone interview to the actual response rate in the questionnaire survey. Methods The study was part of a nation-wide survey of widowers who lost their wives in 1999, 2000, and 2001. This included all widowers born in Iceland 1924-1969...

Helgason Asgeir R; Skulason Bragi

2012-01-01

35

Persian Translation of Perception of Psychiatry Survey Questionnaire and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: Test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire , which is being used in a large multi-site international study, of which we were part. This instrument was designed to measure the attitudes of medical educators to psychiatry.Methods: We used World Health Organization guideline as the methodological model for Persian translation. The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire was administered to a con...

Valentin Artounian; Behnam Shariati; Homayoun Amini; Alireza Salimi; Ali-Akbar Nejatisafa

2012-01-01

36

Researches regarding a constructing problem of a PV system. Part 1. Conscious investigation by means of a questionnaire survey; Taiyoko hatsuden system ni okeru kenchikuteki shomondai no kenkyu. 1. Anketo chosa ni yoru ishiki chosa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The installation and introduction of photovoltaic power generation systems (PVS) in buildings are growingly expected in the construction field from now, coupled with the marketing of a solar cell module as a product for a construction material in the form of an external wall or a roof material for example. For this purpose, it is necessary at first to summarize problems that may arise at the time of or after the installation of PVS as a product. This paper examines an opinion poll, degree of recognition, current problems, etc., of PVS as a result of a questionnaire survey given to engineers and architects engaged in the actual construction business. The degree of recognition and interest was very high. Consultation or request for PVS installation was much more than predicted in numbers. Roughly 50% of the respondents reacted positively for the future installation request of PVS and, combined with the respondents who answered to look into the installation tentatively, not less than 90% were of a forward-looking opinion. The 85% of the respondents was not aware of the monitor business system for residential PVS. Further, the survey clearly brought out the importance of cost problems. 1 ref., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Nakajima, Y.; Yamazaki, R.; Kuroki, T. [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

1996-10-27

37

Musculoskeletal education in general practice: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Musculoskeletal education in primary care has previously been shown, in 1995, to be inadequate [1]. The aims of this study were to evaluate the current musculoskeletal education and skills during vocational training for general practice and to see if progress has been made. Questionnaires were sent to General Practice Registrars, in general practice attachments in June 2004. Four UK General Practice Deaneries participated (Northern, Mersey, Yorkshire and Wessex). Questionnaires were received from 251 (44 %) registrars. Of the responders, only 77 % reported receiving specific clinical rheumatology teaching at medical school and 30 % had not received any tutorials on musculoskeletal conditions during their vocational training. Of the registrars, 16 % reported having completed a rheumatology post, and an additional 19 % had been able to attend rheumatology outpatient clinics; 70 % of the registrars had injected or aspirated the knee although less than half of these (22 %) had done this in a primary care setting. Lack of experience was associated with low confidence at knowing when to perform the injection and with performing the injection itself. A significant proportion of registrars reported being pre-dominantly self-taught for performing injections (soft tissue?=?10.7 %, joint injections?=?8.7 %) and for the management of shoulder pain (20.1 %). Registrars rated their overall musculoskeletal training as inadequate. Primary care musculoskeletal education remains inadequate and needs to be improved to enable registrars to be confident in managing a significant proportion of their workload. Identifying learning needs for primary care would inform future educational interventions. PMID:24510025

Wise, E M; Walker, D J; Coady, D A

2014-07-01

38

The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843) in 203 clinical areas (including criti...

Boyden James; Roberts Peter R; Vella Keryn; Rowan Kathy; Neilands Torsten B; Helmreich Robert L; Sexton John B; Thomas Eric J.

2006-01-01

39

Diabetes experts' reasoning about diabetes prevention studies: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Presentation of results of diabetes prevention studies as relative risk reductions and the use of diagnostic categories instead of metabolic parameters leads to overestimation of effects on diabetes risk. This survey examines to what extent overestimation of diabetes prevention is related to overestimation of prevention of late complications. Methods Participants of two postgraduate courses in clinical diabetology in Austria (n = 69) and Germ...

Mühlhauser Ingrid

2008-01-01

40

Questionnaire survey on lifestyle of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lack of exercise and excessive food intake are known to be the important causes of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). To elucidate the relationship between lifestyle and NASH, we surveyed exercise and dietary habits, comparing them among 171 biopsy-proven NASH patients, 29 nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) patients and 49 normal subjects. Dietary habits including the duration of dinner time, amount of rice at dinner, and weekly frequencies of meat, fries, Chinese noodles, sweets, and instant food consumption were significantly different in male NASH patients compared to normal male subjects. In women, differences were seen in the amount of rice at dinner, frequency of eating out, and proclivity for sweets. In male NASH patients, the frequency of physical exercise was significantly lower. The lifestyle tendencies of NASH were almost similar to those of NAFL. In the comparison between obese NASH and non-obese NASH, no clear lifestyle differences were found. In conclusion, the most striking result of this survey was that the lifestyle of males contributed significantly to the development of NASH. These results point to treatment of NASH in males. In female NASH patients, lifestyle differences were minimal, and the effects of other factors such as genetic background will need to be investigated. PMID:25411525

Noto, Haruka; Tokushige, Katsutoshi; Hashimoto, Etsuko; Taniai, Makiko; Shiratori, Keiko

2014-11-01

 
 
 
 
41

The multiple meanings of "wheezing": a questionnaire survey in Portuguese for parents and health professionals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Most epidemiological studies on pediatric asthma rely on the report of "wheezing" in questionnaires. Our aim was to investigate the understanding of this term by parents and health professionals. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in hospital and community settings within the south of Portugal. Parents or caregivers self-completed a written questionnaire with information on social characteristics and respiratory history. Multipl...

Fernandes Ricardo M; Robalo Brígida; Calado Cláudia; Medeiros Susana; Saianda Ana; Figueira Joana; Rodrigues Rui; Bastardo Cristina; Bandeira Teresa

2011-01-01

42

A national survey of health-related quality of life questionnaires in head and neck oncology.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIMS: To identify the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires employed by the physicians and surgeons who manage patients with head and neck cancer. Also, to gain an impression of the perceived difficulties and advantages of their use. METHODS: A national survey was performed of active UK consultant clinicians on the mailing list of the British Association of Head and Neck Oncologists. RESULTS: Of 267 questionnaires, there were 191 replies (71.5%) from clinical oncologists (40),...

Kanatas, A. N.; Rogers, S. N.

2004-01-01

43

Pain in the elderly and awareness of complementary therapies: a questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pain in the Elderly amounts to one of the most prominent parameters that affect deterioration in their quality of life. About 60-71% of community based elderly report presence of pain, and 33% of them report daily persistent pain. Published research results indicate that complementary therapies reinforce the analgesic effect of medication either directly by their analgesic action, or indirectly by reduction of tension and stress, endorphin production, increase of blood flow and mobility. The survey object was to investigate the degree of awareness among the elderly, of complementary therapies, particularly of those who experience pain and are 65 or over. Sample and methodology: The survey population consisted of 100 people - members of KAPI in Athens and Thessaloniki. Data collection was based on an interviewing schedule and questionnaire completion by two different groups of 50 people each. As far as methodology was concerned the sample was selected according to availability and willingness to participate. Results indicate the following: 66% of the total sample report that they would use some complementary therapy for pain relief. Another 72% of the total sample (i.e. 2/3, report that they require more information on complementary therapies. Conclusion: Elderly people are interested in complementary therapies as alternative methods of pain management. Furthermore, should they have access to more information on this subject they would use them more frequently.

Alexandra Mantoudi

2012-04-01

44

Complementary and alternative medicine use in oncology: A questionnaire survey of patients and health care professionals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background We aimed to investigate the prevalence and predictors of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use among cancer patients and non-cancer volunteers, and to assess the knowledge of and attitudes toward CAM use in oncology among health care professionals. Methods This is a cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted in a single institution in Ireland. Survey was performed in outpatient and inpatient settings involving cancer patients a...

Sweeney Karl J; Choong Mei; Brodie Rachel; Chang Kah; Kerin Michael J

2011-01-01

45

Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers pa...

Lee Wui-Chiang; Wung Hwei-Ying; Liao Hsun-Hsiang; Lo Chien-Ming; Chang Fei-Ling; Wang Pa-Chun; Fan Angela; Chen Hsin-Hsin; Yang Han-Chuan; Hou Sheng-Mou

2010-01-01

46

Role and Justification of Web Archiving by National Libraries: A Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a questionnaire survey of 16 national libraries designed to clarify how national libraries attempt to justify their web archiving activities. Results indicate they envisage that a) the benefits brought about by their initiatives are greater than the overall costs, b) the costs imposed on libraries are greater than the costs…

Shiozaki, Ryo; Eisenschitz, Tamara

2009-01-01

47

Teacher Beliefs about Reading Motivation and Their Enactment in Classrooms: The Development of a Survey Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined teachers' beliefs about motivating students to read through the development of a new survey questionnaire. The current investigation reports on initial tests of the scale's reliability and validity. The items for this measure were developed from an engagement perspective to reflect the motivational constructs represented in an…

Quirk, Matthew; Unrau, Norman; Ragusa, Gisele; Rueda, Robert; Lim, Hyo; Velasco, Alejandra; Fujii, Kayoko; Bowers, Erica; Nemerouf, Ann; Loera, Gustavo

2010-01-01

48

Properties of a short questionnaire for assessing Primary Care experiences for children in a population survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT is an interesting set of tools for primary care research. A very short version could inform policy makers about consumer experiences with primary care (PC through health surveys. This work aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of a selection of items from the child short edition (CS of the PCAT. Methods A 24 item questionnaire permitted the identification of a regular source of care and the assessment of the key attributes of first contact, ongoing care over time, coordination, services available and services received (comprehensiveness, and cultural competence. Structural validity, reliability, and construct validity were assessed using responses from 2,200 parents of a representative sample of the population aged 0 to 14 years in Catalonia (Spain who participated in the 2006 Health Survey. Structural validity was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Construct validity was assessed using linear regression analysis between PC experience scores and a measure of overall user satisfaction with healthcare services. Results A total of 2,095 (95.2% parents provided useable responses on PC. After Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA, the best fitting model was a 5-factor model in which the original dimensions of first contact and ongoing care were collapsed into one. The CFA also showed a second order factor onto which all domains except services available loaded (root mean square error of approximation = 0.000; comparative fit index = 1.00. Cronbach's alpha values for one of the original scales (first-contact was poor (alpha 0.70. Scores on the scales were correlated with satisfaction with healthcare services (p Conclusions This very short questionnaire obtained from the PCAT-CE yields information about five attributes of PC and a summary score. It has shown evidence of validity and reliability for judgments about experiences with primary care overall. If space on surveys is at a premium, the instrument could be useful as a measure of PC experiences.

Pasarín M Isabel

2011-05-01

49

How to Use Qualitative Research to Design a Managerially Useful E-Service Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in english E-service questionnaires must be content-aligned with the company or organization's customer relationship management system (CRM). Four phases of qualitative research will ensure this alignment. The first phase is a qualitatively evaluative search of the practitioner literature on e-retailing, both [...] B2B and B2C, and on CRM so as to capture evolving knowledge in both fields. The second phase is individual depth interviews (IDIs) with potential, current, and lapsed customers to map their e-interactive behavior and experiences. The third phase is dyadic depth interviews (DDIs) with the marketing manager and the website designer to fully understand the company's current and potential e-service and CRM capabilities. The e-service questionnaire can then be designed according to the general guidelines presented in this article and using question-and-answer templates provided in the author's previous article [14]. The final phase of qualitative research will consist of post-survey IDIs with a sample of the original survey respondents to clarify and elaborate on the survey's findings, followed by a final manager-designer DDI to implement the findings.

John R, Rossiter.

2012-08-01

50

Questionnaire survey on current status of home care and support for patients with hematological diseases.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to survey the current status of home care and support for patients with hematological diseases, questionnaires were sent to 3,591 hospitals and home care facilities in Tokyo and surrounding prefectures. The first survey showed that 81.7% of medical staff members at hospitals reported that they had experience with home care and support, but only 24.9% of home care facility staff members had such experience. The second questionnaire, surveying 1,202 personnel, identified four factors hampering successful establishment of home care and support networks for hematological diseases. These included insufficient familial support for patients, difficulty making end of life decisions by family members and patients, limited access to transfusion support, and financial problems. PMID:25501405

Adachi, Akiko; Tsukada, Yuiko; Kondo, Sakiko; Asakura, Keiko; Matsuki, Eri; Kawagoe, Shohei; Hashiguchi, Saori; Nonaka, Hiroshi; Takeda, Junzo; Okamoto, Shinichiro

2014-11-01

51

DRUG SERVICE RESEARCH SURVEY (DSRS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS) is a national survey which obtained information on drug treatment providers and clients in 1990. The survey consisted of several components, a facility-based telephone interview with a sample of 1,183 drug treatment providers followed by a...

52

Use of a food frequency questionnaire to fulfill the research competency requirement for dietetics students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes a research project developed by the Nutrition Division at Georgia State University (GSU). The project involved students' development of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and satisfied the research competency requirements of the American Dietetic Association's accrediting body. Both Coordinated Program students and Dietetic Interns from a variety of research training backgrounds were trained as a single group on topics related to the research requirements and that would prepare them to develop and use a FFQ. Students completed a literature review on a nutrient or food group of interest and received training on human subject research, subject recruitment, and data analysis with statistical methods. They then developed, administered, and analyzed the results of a FFQ and compared it to a gold standard FFQ. GSU nutrition professors conducted pre- and post-session surveys to gauge whether students gained the research skills they need. Students' evaluation of the assignment strongly suggests that they felt more capable of calculating and interpreting results from survey data after completing the project. The present article provides a framework other nutrition educators can follow. Other allied health educators can consider designing similar research projects that: (a) are uniquely relevant to their professional competency requirements, (b) are feasible for students from a variety of research training backgrounds, and (c) allow students to practice using research tools and skills frequently used in their profession. PMID:22544410

Penumetcha, Meera; McCarroll, Catherine; Smith, Susan C

2012-01-01

53

Measuring how people view biomedical research: Reliability and validity analysis of the Research Attitudes Questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With increasing numbers of studies on research ethics and a need to improve the recruitment of research subjects, the ability to measure attitudes toward biomedical research has become important. The Research Attitudes Questionnaire is a significant predictor of the public’s attitudes toward and willingness to participate in research, yet limited data are available on its psychometric properties. This study establishes the scale’s internal consistency and dimensionality using a large Inte...

Rubright, Jonathan D.; Cary, Mark S.; Karlawish, Jason H.; Kim, Scott Y. H.

2011-01-01

54

Role of Diet in the Disease Activity of Arthritis: A Questionnaire Based Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Very few studies have been conducted regarding the role of diet in the disease activity in joint disorders. None of such studies have been conducted so far in this direction in Asian countries in general and in India in particular. The objective of the study was to see the influence of the diet and fasting on the disease activity in musculoskeletal disorders. The possible influence of diet on chronic arthritis is difficult and controversial issue. A number of epidemiological studies have examined the role of diet in the aetiology of rheumatoid arthritis. Many patients with arthritis believe that diet has an influence on disease activity and report the aggravation of symptoms associated with certain diets. The study was a questionnaire based survey of the patients with joint disorders who attended the Out Patients Department of Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Srinagar Kashmir India. The survey was conducted on 100 patients consisting of 85% osteoarthritis patients and 15% rheumatoid arthritis patients. The 80% of rheumatoid arthritis patients believed that diet has some role in disease activity and 53% of osteoarthritis patients believed the aggravation of symptoms with certain diets. On the whole red meat was found to be major constituent of diet which aggravated the symptoms in 80% of rheumatoid arthritis patients and 41.1% osteoarthritis patients. Influence of fasting during the month of Ramadan was also recorded and it was observed that 61% of rheumatoid arthritis patients had relief during fast while as 49.3% of osteoarthritis patients had relief in symptoms during the fasting. The details are discussed in the paper. It is concluded that certain diets have definite role to play on the disease activity in joint disorders and fasting has some effect on the severity of the disease.

Younis, I. Munshi

2008-01-01

55

[Prevention of pain during manipulations in neonatal infants: analysis of physicians' questionnaire survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper presents the results of an anonymous questionnaire survey among the physicians of 7 children's health care facilities, who should assess and prevent pain in neonatal infants from 5 Russia's cities (Moscow, Cheboksary, Kursk, Novosibirsk, and Kyzyl). The questionnaire survey has indicated that all responding physicians agree with the statement that a neonate senses pain, but the severity of pain being uncontrolled and the pain syndrome unevaluated, pain analgesia and prevention are inadequately applied by comfort measures, particularly the use of glucose through a nipple, a pacifier, diapering, when procedures are performed. All the physicians are unanimous that analgesics or comfort measures should be more frequently used during any manipulations and procedures irrespective of whether they are performed for a long or short period. PMID:17460995

Idam-Siuriun, D I; Zhirkova, Iu V; Mikhel'son, V A

2007-01-01

56

Remarkable experiences of the nuclear tests in residents near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. Analysis based on the questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of this paper is to identify salient experiences of those who were exposed to radiation by the nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS). In 2002, our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started to conduct some field research by means of a questionnaire survey. Through this, we expected to examine the health condition of the residents near the SNTS, identify their experiences from the nuclear tests, and understand the exposure path. This attempt at clarifying the reality of radiation exposure at Semipalatinsk through the use of a survey research method is the first of its kind. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses mainly upon responses to the questions concerning the experiences of the nuclear tests. It deals mainly with direct experiences of nuclear tests of the residents characteristic to Semipalatinsk, including some new experiences hitherto unnoticed. The present paper touches upon their concrete direct experiences of flash, bomb blast, heat, rain and dust. We also discuss distinct experiences in Semipalatinsk such as evacuation, through the additional use of their testimonies. The data have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey made in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. For the data analysis, a statistical method called logistic multiple linear regression analysis has been used. (author)

57

Living environment and self assessed morbidity: a questionnaire-based survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Health complaints have been reported to be higher among the industrial area residents when compared with reference community. Methods Such reports being only a few, a questionnaire survey was conducted in three different areas (Industrial, Residential, Commercial) of Ahmedabad city of India to determine the pattern of morbidity and to do a comparative analysis of different areas within the city. Results A total of 679 families (...

Kulkarni Pradip; Saha Asim; Saiyed Habibullah

2007-01-01

58

Surveillance of testicular microlithiasis?: Results of an UK based national questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The association of testicular microlithiasis with testicular tumour and the need for follow-up remain largely unclear. Methods We conducted a national questionnaire survey involving consultant BAUS members (BAUS is the official national organisation (like the AUA in USA) of the practising urologists in the UK and Ireland), to provide a snapshot of current attitudes towards investigation and surveillance of patients with testicular microlithia...

Cornford Philip A; Smith Richard; Ravichandran Subramanian; Vp, Fordham Mark

2006-01-01

59

Validation of the Global Health Professions Students Survey questionnaire in Italy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: The World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Canadian Public Health Association have developed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) questionnaire in order to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counselling among health- profession students. The aims of the study were to evaluate the reliability and...

Maria Rosaria Gualano; Claudio Bontempi; Rosella Saulle; Walter Ricciardi; Giuseppe La Torre

2011-01-01

60

Views of junior doctors about whether their medical school prepared them well for work: questionnaire surveys  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The transition from medical student to junior doctor in postgraduate training is a critical stage in career progression. We report junior doctors' views about the extent to which their medical school prepared them for their work in clinical practice. Methods Postal questionnaires were used to survey the medical graduates of 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2005, from all UK medical schools, one year after graduation, and graduates of 2000, 2002 and 2005 ...

Taylor Kathryn; Goldacre Michael J; Lambert Trevor W

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Newly qualified doctors' views about whether their medical school had trained them well: questionnaire surveys  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background A survey of newly qualified doctors in the UK in 2000/2001 found that 42% of them felt unprepared for their first year of employment in clinical posts. We report on how UK qualifiers' preparedness has changed since then, and on the impact of course changes upon preparedness. Methods Postal questionnaires were sent to all doctors who qualified from UK medical schools, in their first year of clinical work, in 2003 (n = 4257) and 2005 (n = 4784)...

Woolf Kath; Lambert Trevor; Goldacre Michael; Cave Judith; Jones Alison; Dacre Jane

2007-01-01

62

A questionnaire survey on radiotherapy for patients with a pacemaker on an implantable cardioverter defibrillator  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted a questionnaire survey on radiotherapy for patients with a pacemaker (PM) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). We received replies from 108 out of 174 Japanese Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (JASTRO) board certificated institutions. Ninety-one institutions performed radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD. Policy, indications and techniques of radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD varied significantly from institution to institution. We believe that this survey has prompted a better understanding of radiotherapy at such a special situation, and that more information and experience will serve to ensure safer application of radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD. (author)

63

Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD.This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questionnaire, Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS and YDQ (Young Diagnostic Questionnaire. Finally we performed a psychiatric interview (based on DSM-IV-TR for all of the samples. For data analysis we used face, discriminative and concurrent validity, Chronbach ?, split half, test-retest and ROC Curve by SPSS-14 Software.Results: Concurrent validity was (r=0.78, 0.81, discriminative validity was (r=0.62. Besides YDQ shows internal consistency (?=0.70, split-half validity(r=0.64, test –retest reliability (r=0.74, p<0.01. The best cut off point for this questionnaire is number 4.Conclusion: The result showed that Persian version of YDQ is valid and reliable. Considering lack of a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring addiction to the internet, YDQ could be a suitable tool for measuring internet addiction in future research

S. Salman Alavi

2011-12-01

64

From Experience to Learning: An Appraisal of the Questionnaire and Workshop as Research Methods in ESL  

Science.gov (United States)

An appreciation of the role of reflection in professional development is encouraging more and more research scholars, teachers, and teacher trainers to locate research in the classroom. And, most of them collect data using the questionnaire. Given the situation, it is useful to acquire fresh insights into the questionnaire as a research method in…

Dheram, Premakumari; Rani, Nitya

2008-01-01

65

A questionnaire survey of medical physicist and quality manager for radiation therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey of medical physicists and quality managers for radiation therapy was performed by the Japanese Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (JASTRO) Future Planning Committee. We mailed the questionnaire to 726 radiotherapy facilities with the answers returned from 353 radiotherapy facilities. The result showed 178 facilities were staffed by radiotherapy workers who were licensed medical physicists or quality managers. A staff of 289 was licensed radiotherapy workers. Most of the staff were radiotherapy technologists. Quality control for radiation therapy was rated satisfactory according to each facility's assessment. Radiation therapy of high quality requires continued education of medical physicists and quality managers, in addition to keeping up with times for quality control. (author)

66

Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Hachiro Yoshida, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, he explained that according to this questionnaire, the admiration for the durability was high, and that It was clear to advance the examination with technical progress and change of the social environment. Next, he explained that by the advance on high range water reducing admixtures and belite cement matrix, the technology of high flow and high strength concrete spread, and that these technical progress rapidly improved the durability. Finally, he described that the establishment of reinforcement means and criterion for evaluation were important. (NEDO)

Yoshida, Hachiro [Taiheiyo Cement Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

67

Validation of the Patient-Doctor-Relationship Questionnaire (PDRQ-9) in a Representative Cross-Sectional German Population Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

The patient-doctor relationship (PDR) as perceived by the patient is an important concept in primary care and psychotherapy. The PDR Questionnaire (PDRQ-9) provides a brief measure of the therapeutic aspects of the PDR in primary care. We assessed the internal and external validity of the German version of the PDRQ-9 in a representative cross-sectional German population survey that included 2,275 persons aged?14 years who reported consulting with a primary care physician (PCP). The acceptance of the German version of this questionnaire was good. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the PRDQ-9 was unidimensional. The internal reliability (Cronbach's ?) of the total score was .95. The corrected item-total correlations were?.94. The mean satisfaction index of persons with a probable depressive disorder was lower than that of persons without a probable depressive disorder, indicating good discriminative concurrent criterion validity. The correlation coefficient between satisfaction with PDR and satisfaction with pain therapy was r?=?.51 in 489 persons who reported chronic pain, indicating good convergent validity. Despite the limitation of low variance in the PDRQ-9 total scores, the results indicate that the German version of the PDRQ-9 is a brief questionnaire with good psychometric properties to assess German patients' perceived therapeutic alliance with PCPs in public health research. PMID:24637904

van der Feltz-Cornelis, Christina; Brähler, Elmar; Häuser, Winfried

2014-01-01

68

Sense of ownership and evaluation of safety. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and SEM analysis. The results of the pass analysis are as follows: (1) in the group which has high-sense of ownership, risk acceptance has a strong impact on sense of security for uranium mining sites reclamation, (2) in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

69

Demystifying Survey Research: Practical Suggestions for Effective Question Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective ? Recent research has yielded several studies helpful for understanding the use of the survey technique in various library environments. Despite this, there has been limited discussion to guide library practitioners preparing survey questions. The aim of this article is to provide practical suggestions for effective questions when designing written surveys.Methods ? Advice and important considerations to help guide the process of developing survey questions are drawn from a review of the literature and personal experience.Results ? Basic techniques can be incorporated to improve survey questions, such as choosing appropriate question forms and incorporating the use of scales. Attention should be paid to the flow and ordering of the survey questions. Careful wording choices can also help construct clear, simple questions. Conclusion ? A well?designed survey questionnaire can be a valuable source of data. By following some basic guidelines when constructing written survey questions, library and information professionals can have useful data collection instruments at their disposal.

Deborah H. Charbonneau

2007-12-01

70

Rock-Mechanics Research. A Survey of United States Research to 1965, with a Partial Survey of Canadian Universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of a survey, conducted by the Committee on Rock Mechanics, to determine the status of training and research in rock mechanics in presented in this publication. In 1964 and 1965 information was gathered by questionnaires sent to industries, selected federal agencies, and universities in both the United States and Canada. Results are…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

71

A questionnaire survey of medical cooperation by the Iwaki medical association  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It has been pointed out that currently, Iwaki City faces an insufficiency of doctors working at hospitals, compared with before. Such an insufficiency became more remarkable after the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, as about 30,000 people relocated to Iwaki City from the evacuation areas. In this regard, the Iwaki Medical Association conducted a questionnaire survey to investigate the problems of medical cooperation and utilize the data to improve medical cooperation within hospitals and clinics. A total of 159 doctors answered the questionnaires: 64% were community physicians, 36% were doctors working at hospitals, and 42% were physicians. About 60% of the doctors were satisfied with the present medical cooperation. Home health care was performed by 25% of the doctors working at hospitals and 45% of the community physicians. Approximately 80% of the doctors felt the need for additional physicians to perform home health care, although more than half of the doctors answered that they do not perform it. Various problems exist in the context of medical cooperation, but many doctors still hope for its improvement, according to the answers in the questionnaires. Efforts have to be exerted further in order to enhance medical cooperation among the health care team. (author)

72

Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

2012-01-01

73

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This...

Fragoulakis Vasilis; Maniadakis Nikos; Pavlakis Andreas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Theodorou Mamas; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

74

Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD).This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ) correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questi...

Salman Alavi, S.; Fereshte Jannatifard; Mehdi Eslami; Hossein Rezapour

2011-01-01

75

Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. Methods A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, or psych...

Stewart Anne; Fitzpatrick Raymond; Doll Helen A; Oa, Tan Jacinta; Hope Tony

2008-01-01

76

The 8th questionnaire survey report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on safety of nuclear medicine studies was conducted under the subcommittee for radionuclide imaging and nuclear medicine technology of Japan Radioisotope Association to promote patient safety. Questionnaires were sent to 1300 hospitals and 21 clinical laboratories in Japan with 1034 facilities responded (78.3%). Sixty percents of the workers in the facilities were nuclear medicine technologists. Medical doctors comprised 20% of the workers, but 32% in the university hospitals. The number of laboratory technologists decreased in all categories of the facilities. Composite PET/CT scanners increased sharply, whereas 2-detector and 3-detector imaging systems decreased. Regular maintenance was performed in approximately 80% of the SPECT imaging systems, while the single head imaging systems were maintained less frequently. Filmless systems were employed in 25.3% of all of the facilities responded, with the higher rate in the university hospitals. The number of accidents and incidents in the facilities decreased. Falls on floor and fall from an examination bed were reported. The nuclear medicine technologists were concerned about safety mechanism of imaging systems, and dimension and height of examination beds. They also wanted prompt supply of safety information and easy interconnectivity among different data of various vendors' systems. The results of this survey may be a valuable source of information on safety of nuclear medicine procedures. (authfety of nuclear medicine procedures. (author)

77

Effect of nasal speaking valve on speech intelligibility under velopharyngeal incompetence: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Velopharyngeal incompetence is known as a contributing factor to speech disorders. Suwaki et al. reported that nasal speaking valve (NSV) could improve dysarthria by regulating nasal emission utilising one-way valve. However, disease or condition which would be susceptible to treatment by NSV has not been clarified yet. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of NSV by questionnaire survey using ready-made NSV. Subjects were recruited through the internet bulletin, and NSV survey set was sent to the applicant. Sixty-six participants, who agreed to participate in this study, used NSV and mailed back the questionnaire which included self-evaluation and third-party evaluation of speech intelligibility. Statistical analysis revealed that the use of NSV resulted in significant speech intelligibility improvement in both self-evaluation and third-party evaluation (P disease of dysarthria, significant effect of NSV on self-evaluation of speech intelligibility could be observed in cerebrovascular disease and neurodegenerative disease (P disease (P cerebrovascular disease and neurodegenerative disease, as well as in subjects whose speech intelligibility was improved by closing nostrils. PMID:25251499

Mikamo, S; Kodama, N; Pan, Q; Maeda, N; Minagi, S

2015-02-01

78

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administra...

Thorén Elisabet; Andersson Gerhard; Lunner Thomas

2012-01-01

79

Outcomes of a questionnaire survey on intracranial hypotension following minor head injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intracranial hypotension (IH) is a rare condition caused by leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Recently, a small number of clinicians have proposed a new concept about IH following minor head injury. They suggest that many of their patients with IH can be successfully treated with epidural blood patch therapy. They also argue that some patients with post-traumatic cervical syndrome and general fatigue syndrome suffer from IH following minor head injury. Consequently, IH following minor head injury was widely recognized and dealt with as a social problem in Japan. On the other hand, pathophysiological aspects of the condition as well as the provisional criteria to describe this clinical entity remain to be elucidated. In 2006, the Japan Society of Neurotraumatology performed a questionnaire survey asking 44 hospitals belonging to trustees of this society about IH following minor head injury. This paper provides a report of the outcomes of this survey. The response rate to this questionnaire was 57% (25/44). Fifty-six percent of respondents did not have experience of IH following minor head injury. Moreover, respondents' criteria for describing this disease differed greatly, especially in the radiological examinations and symptoms for the diagnosis of this entity which showed significant variation. These problems might originate from the general features of this disease. With the exception of postural headache, the symptoms of this disease varied enormously. This widf this disease varied enormously. This wide range of symptoms confused with the pathophysiolosies of a great many similar conditions. As such, clarifications of the pathophysiological characteristics of IH following minor head injury, together with consensus on specific criteria to describe the condition, are required. In conclusion, the results of this survey revealed many serious scientific and social problems associated with the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypotension following minor head injury. Scientific study including the performing of randomized controlled trials, is important if agreement is to be reached on the proper identification of this clinical entity. (author)

80

Researchers: ELL Surveys Are Flawed  

Science.gov (United States)

The author reports on a review of state policies by researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles, which raises questions about the validity of the use of home-language surveys as a step to identify students eligible for special help in learning English. While it's ubiquitous in schools across the country, the practice of educators'…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

The Use of Web Questionnaires in Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The present article focuses on data collection through web questionnaires, as opposed to the traditional pen-and-paper method for research in second language acquisition and bilingualism. It is argued that web questionnaires, which have been used quite widely in psychology, have the advantage of reaching out to a larger and more diverse pool of…

Wilson, Rosemary; Dewaele, Jean-Marc

2010-01-01

82

Validation of the Global Health Professions Students Survey questionnaire in Italy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: The World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, and the Canadian Public Health Association have developed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS questionnaire in order to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counselling among health- profession students. The aims of the study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GHPSS questionnaire in Italy among health-profession students and to examine the prevalence of tobacco use, knowledge and attitudes to it and tobacco cessation training among students attending Italian medical schools using the standardised GHPSS approach.

Methods: Before testing tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training, we calculated the Cronbach s alpha to assess the internal validity with the intention of avoiding misleading results. The questionnaire was administered to 100 health-profession students and data were collected in March 2009, during regular class sessions among students of two Italian Schools of Medicine. The original GHPSS instrument was translated into the Italian language and modified by adding three specific questions regarding I the knowledge about the use of antidepressants, ii Acetylcholine Receptor Partial Agonists, and iii counselling techniques used in tobacco cessation programs. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0, statistical software for windows.

Results: Cronbach’s alpha was higher on 17 items (alpha= 0.872, belonging to section I and IV (respectively: “Tobacco Use Prevalenceú and “Behaviour/Cessationú. The addition, also, of only one more of the others items (sectionmade the alpha value worse. Cronbach’s alpha for section VI for all items together (n. 44 items was 0.815, which implies that the questionnaire had a very satisfactory internal validity. The prevalence of current smokers was 33%, while only 12% of students declared to be tobacco users. Interestingly, students who were tobacco users were 80% less likely to consider that health professionals needed training on smoking cessation techniques in comparison to non tobacco users.

Conclusions: The questionnaire showed excellent reliability properties in the sample studied. In terms of internal consistency and validity, it appears to have an acceptable performance. Given the high prevalence of smokers among medical students, teaching them about the damages related to tobacco use, and how to help them quit smoking or tobacco use, emerged as important issues. Further studies to investigate these important issues, using a standardized method like GHPSS, are needed.

Maria Rosaria Gualano

2011-12-01

83

Web Mining Research A Survey  

CERN Document Server

With the huge amount of information available online, the World Wide Web is a fertile area for data mining research. The Web mining research is at the cross road of research from several research communities, such as database, information retrieval, and within AI, especially the sub-areas of machine learning and natural language processing. However, there is a lot of confusions when comparing research efforts from different point of views. In this paper, we survey the research in the area of Web mining, point out some confusions regarded the usage of the term Web mining and suggest three Web mining categories. Then we situate some of the research with respect to these three categories. We also explore the connection between the Web mining categories and the related agent paradigm. For the survey, we focus on representation issues, on the process, on the learning algorithm, and on the application of the recent works as the criteria. We conclude the paper with some research issues.

Kosala, R; Kosala, Raymond; Blockeel, Hendrik

2000-01-01

84

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

85

Questionnaire survey and technical guideline of blood irradiation on medical facilities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We know that transfusion-associated graft versus host disease (TA-GVHD) is a serious side effect associated with blood transfusion and the onset is independent on the immunological conditions of patients. We have only prophylactic treatment against TA-GVHD. The most reliable method is to irradiate the blood for transfusion. In Japanese medical facilities, however, the risk of TA-GVHD is poorly understood and actual conditions of the blood irradiation are unclear. We sent a questionnaire to randomly selected 426 medical facilities in Japan, which had the department of radiology, to investigate the actual conditions of blood irradiation for transfusion and the problems on the irradiation dose measurement of the external apparatus for blood irradiation. The questionnaire involved 19 questions about the blood irradiation for transfusion. The survey took place for one month (June 1-June 30, 1995). Replies were obtained from a total of 306 medical facilities (72%). The results showed that blood irradiation was done by several methods in the 75% of the medical facilities, and the external irradiation apparatus was used in 83%. Some problems were shown, including irradiation period, cost of the irradiation, the operating procedure of the apparatus, requested number of the irradiation, and the request after usual hours. There was no significant problem on the irradiation dose, irradiation method, etc. We also sent a questionnaire to 74 facilities of the Red Cross Blood Center, in which the frequency of blood irradiation have increased since May, 1976. The X-ray apparatus as the external irradiation apparatus has practical advantages; lower cost, compact and out of the legal control on the ionizing radiation, however, it has some problems on the uniformity of the absorption dose when a single X-ray tube-type apparatus is used. We discuss about the possible onset of TA-GVHD or other accidents by the incorrect irradiation of the blood preparations. (K.H.)

Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro; Hasegawa, Hironori [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Hospital; Okumura, Masahiko; Sonoda, Tatsuo; Osada, Koji

1997-10-01

86

On the awareness of radiation protection. A questionnaire survey of junior college students of radiological technology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on the awareness of radiation protection was conducted to improve our curriculum of radiation protection education, which seems to be important for the safe administrative control systems and handling techniques of radiation. A total of 426 students answered our questionnaire during the period of 1994 to 1999. They were 80 first-year, 114 second-year and 232 third-year students. The facility values of 4 questions on the influence of radiation to a human body were 50.2%, 30.3%, 28.9% and 7.0%. There was no statistically significant difference among different age groups. The facility values of 3 questions on the dose limitation of occupation exposure were 50.5% (on the effective dose equivalent), 36.4% (on the tissue dose equivalent to skin), and 40.9% (on the crystalline lens). On safe handling of radiation, only 35.7% of students correctly answered that they use a plastic board to protect themselves from ?-ray, while 77.0% correctly answered the question on the decontamination method of radioactive substance from the skin. The results show the students' lack of knowledge on radiation protection. Those involved in basic science education and radiation protection education, therefore, need to clarify their teaching content and offer explicit explanations on the proper dose of radiation, effects to exposure dose, interaction between different materials and radiation. (author)

87

Questionnaire survey of working relationships between nurses and doctors in University Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Smooth working relationships between nurses and doctors are necessary for efficient health care delivery. However, previous studies have shown that this is often absent with negative impact on the quality of health care delivery. In 2002, we studied factors that affect nurse-doctor working relationships in University Teaching Hospitals (UTH in Southern Nigeria in order to characterize it and identify managerial and training needs that might be used to improve it. Method Questionnaire survey of doctors and nurses working in four UTH in Southern Nigeria was done in 2002. The setting and subjects were selected by random sampling procedures. Information on factors in domains of work, union activities, personnel and hospital management were studied using closed and open-ended questionnaires. Results Nurse-doctor working relationships were statistically significantly affected by poor after-work social interaction, staff shortages, activist unionism, disregard for one's profession, and hospital management and government policies. In general, nurses had better opinion of doctors' work than doctors had about nurses' work. Conclusion Working relationships between doctors and nurses need to be improved through improved training and better working conditions, creation of better working environment, use of alternative methods of conflict resolution and balanced hospital management and government policies. This will improve the retention of staff, job satisfaction and efficiency of health care delivery in Nigeria.

Adebamowo Clement A

2006-02-01

88

Household Food Security in Isfahan Based on Current Population Survey Adapted Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Food security is a state in which all people at every time have physical and economic access to adequate food to obviate nutritional needs and live a healthy and active life. Therefore, this study was performed to quantitatively evaluate the household food security in Esfahan using the localized version of US Household Food Security Survey Module (US HFSSM). Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in year 2006 on 3000 households of Esfahan. The study instrument used in this work is 18-item US food security module, which is developed into a localized 15-item questionnaire. This study is performed in two stages of families with no children (under 18 years old) and families with children over 18 years old. Results: The results showed that item severity coefficient, ratio of responses given by households and item infit and outfit coefficient in adult's and children's questionnaire respectively. According to obtained data, scale score of +3 in adults group is described as determination limit of slight food insecurity and +6 is stated as the limit for severe food insecurity. For children's group, scale score of +2 is defined to be the limit of slight food insecurity and +5 is the determination limit of severe food insecurity. Conclusions: The main hypothesis of this survey analysis is based on the raw scale score of USFSSM The item of “lack of enough money for buying food” (item 2) and the item of “lack of balanced meal” (3rd item) have the lowest severity coefficient. Then, the ascending rate of item severity continues in first item, 4th item and keeps increasing into 10th item. PMID:24498498

Rafiei, Morteza; Rastegari, Hosein Ali; Ghiasi, Mojdeh; Shahsanaie, Vahid

2013-01-01

89

Questionnaire of geological isolation research and needs for the future  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has more than one thousand of short-term visitors to ENTRY and QUALITY of Tokai Research and Development Center in every year to make visitors understand the result of research and development for geological isolation of high level radioactive waste (HLW). The important opinions and questions about geological isolation of HLW from visitors were integrated. Based on them, the information of understanding activities and future needs for research and development of geological isolation were documented. (author)

90

The Need for Guidelines for the Practice of Hemodialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Questionnaire Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hemodialysis remains the most widely used form of renal replacement therapy world-wide. In view of the large number of patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia, it was felt to have some sort of guidelines to standardize dialysis delivery in the Kingdom. We performed a survey on various aspects of dialysis delivery. A detailed questionnaire was sent to 120 hemodialysis centers in the Kingdom and response was obtained from 55 (45.8%). The questionnaire consisted of qu...

Al-Khader Abdullah; Ramprasad K; Shaheen Faissal

2001-01-01

91

The journals of importance to UK clinicians: a questionnaire survey of surgeons  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Peer-reviewed journals are seen as a major vehicle in the transmission of research findings to clinicians. Perspectives on the importance of individual journals vary and the use of impact factors to assess research is criticised. Other surveys of clinicians suggest a few key journals within a specialty, and sub-specialties, are widely read. Journals with high impact factors are not always widely read or perceived as important. In order to determine whether...

Hanney Steve; Jones Teresa H; Buxton Martin J

2006-01-01

92

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation.

Gates Simon

2006-02-01

93

Exercise behaviors and barriers to exercise in adult burn survivors: A questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Exercise is a key component of burn rehabilitation across all phases of care. Supervised outpatient exercise programs have been shown to improve outcomes following burn injury. However, little is known about the exercise behaviors of burn survivors who do not undertake such programs. This study aimed to investigate self-reported exercise behaviors and barriers to exercise in adult burn survivors. A short questionnaire survey was conducted on adult burn survivors attending the ambulatory burns clinic of a tertiary hospital over a 6-week period. The collected data were subjected to paired t-tests and Pearson's correlation test. A total of 63 adult burn survivors (mean age 36.5 years completed the questionnaire. Participants reported exercising less frequently and engaged in fewer different types of exercise compared with pre-burn (P < 0.05. Poor physical conditions and low motivation and enthusiasm were the major barriers to exercise. Participation in supervised exercise programs can be limited by a range of factors including the availability of resources and access to facilities. This preliminary study suggests that there is a need to improve compliance with outpatient exercise programs. Burn survivors appear to exercise less frequently after burn injury. Barriers to exercise following burn injury include poor physical condition and reduced motivation. Further investigation into overall physical activity following burn injury and potential physical and psychological limitations is warranted. Burn clinicians should highly encourage injury survivors to participate in supervised exercise programs when available or to do exercises at home to maximize post-burn injury recovery.

Jennifer Baldwin

2013-12-01

94

Analytical research for Safaricom Limited company : A customer Satisfaction survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this research was to measure and assess the level of customer satisfaction for Safaricom, to reveal problems that customers have come across and seek ways to improve products and services for this telecommunications company. The theoretical framework focuses on customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the gap service quality model by Zeithaml and the total perceived quality model by Grönroos. The survey was conducted using questionnaires that were sent online and others g...

Maina, Janet

2010-01-01

95

User Satisfaction Survey - Research Councils UK  

Skills · Becoming a Researcher and Developing a Research Career · Funding for \\Research Training · Information on careers and other researcher ... Results from \\the second User Satisfaction Survey which looks at how RCUK meets the ...

96

Radiological protection of human subjects. The first report. A comparative study of the UK, USA and Japan regulations and domestic questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As for radiological protection of human subjects, a regulatory system has been developed in Europe and the United States (US) but not in Japan. The objective of this study was to clarify points to consider for creating a domestic regulatory system of radiological protection of human subjects based on the European and US situation. Comparative survey of international, US, United Kingdom and Japanese regulatory documents, and a questionnaire survey of the local standards of Japanese research institutes for the radiological protection of human subjects. As for the radiological protection of human subjects, legal frameworks have been established in Europe and US, but in Japan, standards are not clarified even in research institutes. In Japan, more surveys and discussion are necessary to clarify the system for radiological protection of human subjects from the view points of dose constraints, subject selection, review system, informed consent, risk assessment, etc. (author)

97

A Rasch Analysis on Collapsing Categories in Item's Response Scales of Survey Questionnaire: Maybe It's Not One Size Fits All  

Science.gov (United States)

When respondents fail to use response scales of survey questionnaires as intended, latent variable modeling of data can produce disordered category thresholds. The objective of this paper is to show the usefulness of the Rasch modeling features to explore different ways of collapsing categories so that they are properly ordered and fit for further…

Grondin, Julie; Blais, Jean-Guy

2010-01-01

98

CORRELATIONAL AND FACTORIAL ANALYSES OF ITEMS FROM THE NINTH GRADE STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE OF THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY.  

Science.gov (United States)

THIS STUDY ATTEMPTED TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF VARIABLES FROM THE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR NINTH GRADE STUDENTS IN AN EMPIRICALLY MEANINGFUL WAY IN ORDER TO REDUCE THE VOLUME OF DATA PROCESSING AND COMPLEXITY OF LATER ANALYSES. AN ACHIEVEMENT COMPOSITE WAS FORMED BY WEIGHTING AND SUMMING A STUDENT'S SCORE ON THE FOLLOWING…

MAYESKE, GEORGE W.; AND OTHERS

99

Current status of paediatric post-mortem imaging: an ESPR questionnaire-based survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of post-mortem imaging, including skeletal radiography, CT and MRI, is increasing, providing a minimally invasive alternative to conventional autopsy techniques. The development of clinical guidelines and national standards is being encouraged, particularly for cross-sectional techniques. To outline the current practice of post-mortem imaging amongst members of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR). We e-mailed an online questionnaire of current post-mortem service provisions to members of the ESPR in January 2013. The survey included direct questions about what services were offered, the population imaged, current techniques used, imaging protocols, reporting experience and intended future involvement. Seventy-one percent (47/66) of centres from which surveys were returned reported performing some form of post-mortem imaging in children, of which 81 % perform radiographs, 51% CT and 38% MRI. Eighty-seven percent of the imaging is performed within the radiology or imaging departments, usually by radiographers (75%), and 89% is reported by radiologists, of which 64% is reported by paediatric radiologists. Overall, 72% of positive respondents have a standardised protocol for radiographs, but only 32% have such a protocol for CT and 27% for MRI. Sixty-one percent of respondents wrote that this is an important area that needs to be developed. Overall, the majority of centres provide some post-mortem imaging service, most of which is performed within an imaging department and reported by a paediatric radiologist. However, the populations imaged as well as the details of the services offered are highly variable among institutions and lack standardisation. We have identified people who would be interested in taking this work forwards. (orig.)

100

[Current status of team communication considered from a questionnaire survey on the laboratory prescription card].  

Science.gov (United States)

Team communication between dentists and dental technicians offers high-quality medical treatment for patients. When dentists and dental technicians understand dental treatments and laboratory procedures and talk to each other from an equal standpoint, good team communication between them can be established. However, undergraduate dental students do not sufficiently understand the content and processes of laboratory procedures because the subjects and hours in laboratory procedures have been reduced at present. Education on team communication between dentists and dental technicians is not sufficiently included in the training content of postgraduate training practice. It seems that at present, it is difficult for good team communication to be established between new graduate dentists and dental technicians. In view of this, the current status of the team communication between dentists and dental technicians in the present clinic was investigated, because a guideline for constructing team communications between dentists and dental technicians is given in the dental education before and after graduation. That is to say, the current status of the team communication of dentists and dental technicians was investigated by considering a questionnaire survey on the laboratory prescription card, which is the most important information means for connecting dentists with dental technicians in the dental clinic. The results were as follows: The entry items were insufficient on the laboratory prescription cards. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare such laboratory prescription cards that required items are entirely indicated as well as to enter them fully by dentists. PMID:15961911

Tamamoto, Mitsuhiro

2005-06-01

 
 
 
 
101

Prevalence of spondyloarthritis symptom in inflammatory bowel disease patients: A questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives. We clarified the prevalence of spondyloarthritis (SpA) symptom in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods. We performed the questionnaire survey of SpA symptom in IBD patients on their office visit. Results. One hundred and thirty seven patients were evaluated. The SpA features group included 46 (33.6%) patients (32 Men). Among them there were 22 Crohn's disease (CD) patients and 24 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. The patients had a mean age of 48.3 years with a mean disease duration of 12.3 years. Non-SpA group (66.4%) included 91 patients (49 Men). Among them there were 27 CD patients and 64 UC patients. The patients had a mean age of 43.3 years with a mean disease duration of 9.2 years. In univariate analysis, the SpA group (33.6%) had longer disease duration than non-SpA group (p SpA symptom (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1-1.09; p = 0.036). Conclusions. The prevalence of SpA symptom was relatively higher than what we had expected. Physicians should consider SpA when they observe IBD patients with arthralgia, and refer them to an appropriate department if needed. PMID:25381725

Kamo, Kenta; Shuto, Toshihide; Haraguchi, Akihisa

2014-11-10

102

Living environment and self assessed morbidity: a questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Health complaints have been reported to be higher among the industrial area residents when compared with reference community. Methods Such reports being only a few, a questionnaire survey was conducted in three different areas (Industrial, Residential, Commercial of Ahmedabad city of India to determine the pattern of morbidity and to do a comparative analysis of different areas within the city. Results A total of 679 families (243 from commercial, 199 from residential and 237 from industrial area were included in this study. This study revealed that apart from presence of industry in close proximity to residence (99.2%, industrial area residents are having many other disadvantages from the point of view of public health like waste water stagnation (87.4%, problem of cooking smoke (33.2% and presence of garbage dumps near residence (72.8%. Consequently, problems like coughing, wheezing, eye irritation, skin irritation, jaundice, asthma, and dental caries have been observed to be more common in industrial area. Comparative risk calculated in terms of odds ratio for different such problems have ranged from 1.83 to 6.2 when industrial area was compared with commercial area. Similarly on comparison of industrial area with residential area, odds ratio for different problems have ranged from 1.82 to 11.5. Conclusion This study has pointed out the need of separate planning and implementation of specific upliftment programs for addressing the environmental as well as public health issues of industrial localities.

Kulkarni Pradip

2007-08-01

103

Assessing the benefits of Transboundary Protected Areas: A questionnaire survey in the Americas and the Caribbean.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are more than 3000 protected areas (PAs) situated on or near international boundaries, and amongst them there is an increasing trend towards the establishment of transboundary cooperation initiatives. Proponents of Transboundary PAs (TBPAs) highlight the potential for biodiversity protection through spatial, management and socio-economic benefits. However, there have been few formal studies that assess these benefits. It is possible that the relaxation of boundary controls to optimise transboundary connectivity may increase the risk of impacts from invasive species or illegal human incursion. We sought to investigate the validity of these proposed benefits and potential risks through a questionnaire survey of 113 PAs, of which 39 responded and met our inclusion criteria. 82% felt that transboundary cooperation has benefits for biodiversity and, across PAs, the self-reported level of transboundary communication was positively associated with some improved spatial, management and socio-economic benefits. However, 26% of PAs reported that they never communicated with their internationally adjoining protected area, indicating unrealised potential for greater gains. PMID:25463587

McCallum, Jamie W; Vasilijevi?, Maja; Cuthill, Innes

2015-02-01

104

Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model : Participant directed learning in groups. Results from questionnaire surveys.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A democratic learning system can be defined as a system where decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning are established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) between those affected by the decision simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. In principle the participants must be equal with equal rights and feel committed to the values of rationality and impartiality. The Aalborg Model is an example of a democratic learning system although not 100% democratic. The influence of the students in relation to their own learning is not extended to e.g. the teaching in courses and the facilitation of the groups might be elitist. But the learning in groups during the project work is in principle learning in a communication community, free and without supremacy. Decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning can be established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) within the group simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. This article describes results from 2 questionnaire surveys focusing on democratic learning in reality in the Aalborg Model. The responders are first year students asked twice: In their first and second semester.

Qvist, Palle

105

Incidence, causes, severity and treatment of throat discomfort: a four-region online questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute sore throat is commonly associated with viral infections. Consumers typically rely on over-the-counter treatments and other remedies to treat symptoms; however, limited information is available regarding consumer perceptions of sore throat or treatment needs. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of throat discomfort and how these influence attitudes and consumer behaviour with regard to treatment. Methods Online consumer surveys were completed by participants invited by email between 2003 and 2004 in four markets: the UK, France, Poland, and Malaysia. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions that covered key issues surrounding throat discomfort including incidence in the past 12 months, causes, severity, effects on functionality and quality of life, actions taken to relieve throat discomfort, the efficacy of these approaches and the reasons behind using specific products. Results In total, 6465 men and women aged ?18 years were surveyed, identifying 3514 participants who had suffered throat discomfort/irritation in the past 12 months (response rate of 54%. These participants completed the full survey. The breakdown of throat discomfort sufferers was: UK, 912; France, 899; Poland, 871; Malaysia, 832. A high proportion of respondents experienced one or more instances of throat discomfort in the previous 12 months, with an overall incidence of 54%. Infections including the common cold/influenza and other bacteria/viruses were commonly perceived causes of throat discomfort (72% and 46%, respectively. Physical and environmental factors were also perceived to be causative, including airborne pollution (28%, smoking (23%, and air conditioning (31%. Symptoms perceived to be caused by an infection were associated with a higher degree of suffering (mean degree of suffering for bacteria/virus and common cold/influenza; 3.4 and 3.0, respectively. Medicinal products were used for all perceived causes, but more commonly for sore throats thought to be caused by infections. Cold drinks were used more often for symptoms thought to be due to physical and environmental causes. Conclusions Not all throat discomfort is the same, as demonstrated by the range of perceived causes and the emotional and physical symptoms experienced. Patient expectations regarding treatment of throat discomfort differs and treatments should be tailored by pharmacists to suit the cause.

Addey Dilys

2012-08-01

106

Occupational Stress in Military Health Settings: A Questionnaire-Based Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Military hospitals play a crucial role in delivery of healthcare services to patients during emergencies. Despite that, limited studies have attempted to characterize factors affecting quality of work life in em­ployees of military health settings. To contribute in filling this gap, this study explored employee occupational stress in a military hospital, situated in the western region of Iran.Methods: A descriptive-analytical study of cross-sectional design was conducted in 2011. All employees work­ing in the 597 Army Hospital (n = 76 were surveyed. Data was collected using questionnaire. Reliability of the scale was ensured by Cronbach’s alpha of 0.94. Descriptive statistics was employed for data summarization. T test and ANOVA were used to compare mean scores of occupational stress between demographic and professional groups.Findings: Occupational stress among employees averaged 46% ranging from 26% to 91%. While 25% of sub­jects reported low occupational stress, 58% showed moderate stress levels, and 17% expressed high stress lev­els. Clinicians showed significantly higher occupational stress as compared with administrative staff (P = 0.029. No significant effect was identified for other demographic and professional characteristics including age, sex, marital status, educational level, and work experience either between entire employees, or between clinicians.Conclusions: By finding considerable or high stress among three forth of the employees, our study support the notion that employees of military hospitals are more prone to occupational stress as compared with the personnel of civilian health set­tings. In addition, expression of higher stress levels by healthcare employees compared to their administrative counterparts shows that working conditions in military health settings are even more stressful for clinical staff. These findings add weight to the urgency of devising coping strategies to alleviate occupational stress in clinicians of military hospitals.

Maryam Keykha

2012-12-01

107

Questionnaire survey, indoor climate measurements and energy consumption: Concerto initiative. Class1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The municipality of Egedal decided in 2006 to make use of the possibility in the Danish Planning Law for a municipality to tighten the energy requirements in the local plan for a new settlement to be erected in the municipality. During the years 2007-2011 a total of 442 dwellings were to be designed and constructed with a heating demand corresponding to the Danish low-energy standard referred to as ''low-energy class 1'' in a new settlement called Stenloese Syd. This means that the energy consumption is to be 50% lower than the requirement in BR08 (Danish Building Regulations 2008). 66 flats were to be designed and constructed with a yearly heating demand of 15 kWh/m{sup .} Furthermore, the Concerto community include a kindergarten and an activity centre for elderly people. All the single family houses were to be heated by a heat pump supported by a 3 m{sup }thermal solar system for hot water preparation. The dense low-rise housing are to be heated by a district heating network. All dwellings were to be equipped with a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery and an electronic system for energy monitoring and control of the heating systems. The first houses were occupied in 2008. This report presents part of the results of an evaluation of the project that was performed in the settlement. The evaluation consisted of a questionnaire survey of occupant experiences and satisfaction in 35 single-family houses, measurements of energy consumption in 22 selected single-family houses and 58 flats, and measurements, assessments, and a series of physical measurements of selected indoor climate parameters in 7 selected single-family houses during March 2012. (Author)

Nellemose Knudsen, H.; Engelund Thomsen, K.; Bergsoee, N.C. [Aalborg Univ., Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBi), Koebenhavn (Denmark); Moerck, O.; Holmegaard Andersen, K. [Cenergia Energy Consultants, Herlev (Denmark)

2012-12-15

108

Doctors who considered but did not pursue specific clinical specialties as careers: questionnaire surveys  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To report doctors' rejection of specialties as long-term careers and reasons for rejection. Design Postal questionnaires. Setting United Kingdom. Participants Graduates of 2002, 2005 and 2008 from all UK medical schools, surveyed one year after qualification. Main outcome measures Current specialty choice; any choice that had been seriously considered but not pursued (termed ‘rejected’ choices) with reasons for rejection. Results 2573 of 9155 respondents (28%) had seriously considered but then not pursued a specialty choice. By comparison with positive choices, general practice was under-represented among rejected choices: it was the actual choice of 27% of respondents and the rejected choice of only 6% of those who had rejected a specialty. Consideration of ‘job content’ was important in not pursuing general practice (cited by 78% of those who considered but rejected a career in general practice), psychiatry (72%), radiology (69%) and pathology (68%). The surgical specialties were the current choice of 20% of respondents and had been considered but rejected by 32% of doctors who rejected a specialty. Issues of work-life balance were the single most common factor, particularly for women, in not pursuing the surgical specialties, emergency medicine, the medical hospital specialties, paediatrics, and obstetrics and gynaecology. Competition for posts, difficult examinations, stressful working conditions, and poor training were mentioned but were mainly minority concerns. Conclusions There is considerable diversity between doctors in their reasons for finding specialties attractive or unattractive. This underlines the importance of recruitment strategies to medical school that recognize diversity of students' interests and aptitudes. PMID:22532656

Goldacre, Michael J; Goldacre, Raph; Lambert, Trevor W

2012-01-01

109

Gambling Motives: Application of the Reasons for Gambling Questionnaire in an Australian Population Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Reasons for Gambling Questionnaire (RGQ) consist of 15 items forming five factors: enhancement, social, money, recreation and coping. The RGQ was developed for use in the 2010 British Gambling Prevalence Survey (BGPS) and has now been employed in the second Social and Economic Impact Study (SEIS) of Gambling in Tasmania study conducted in 2011 in Australia. Given differences between Britain and Australia in terms of socio-demographic profiles, gambling cultures and attitudes, gambling access and availability, gambling regulation, and rates and patterns of gambling participation, the aims of this study were to analyse the RGQ data from the SEIS to: (1) determine the most commonly endorsed gambling motives in an Australian jurisdiction, (2) explore the factor structure of the RGQ in an Australian sample, and (3) explore how motives for gambling vary among different Australian population sub-groups. A representative sample of the Tasmanian population who had gambled in the previous 12 months (n = 2,796) were administered the RGQ via computer-assisted telephone interviewing. The five most commonly endorsed reasons for gambling were for fun (62 %), followed by the chance of winning big money (52 %), it being something to do with friends and family (48 %), to be sociable (40 %), and excitement (38 %). A principal component analysis revealed a five-factor structure that is slightly different from that derived in the BGPS: money, regulate internal state, positive feelings, social, and challenge reasons. Finally, gambling motives varied according to socio-demographic factors, number of gambling activities, problem gambling severity, and participation on different gambling activities. Although some of these findings are consistent with those from the BGPS, there are also some slight differences, suggesting that there may be regional-specific variations in gambling motives. PMID:24705633

Francis, K L; Dowling, N A; Jackson, A C; Christensen, D R; Wardle, H

2014-04-01

110

Use of Digital Repositories by Chemistry Researchers: Results of a Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to present findings from a survey that aimed to identify the issues around the use and linkage of source and output repositories and the chemistry researchers' expectations about their use. Design/methodology/approach: This survey was performed by means of an online questionnaire and structured interviews with academic and…

Polydoratou, Panayiota

2007-01-01

111

A survey on rate of media literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students using Iranian media literacy questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Media literacy is a 21st century approach to education. It provides a framework to access, analyze, evaluate, and create messages in a variety of forms - from print to video to the Internet. Also, it builds an understanding of the role of media in society as well as essential skills of inquiry and self-expression necessary for citizens of a democracy. The purpose of this research was to determine the rate of media literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students using Iranian Media Literacy Questionnaire (IMLQ). Materials and Methods: This is a survey research in which the data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire. Its validity and reliability were confirmed by Library and Information Sciences specialists and Chronbach's alpha (r = 0.89), respectively. Statistical population consisted of all students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (7000 cases) and the samples were 364. Sampling method was random stratified sampling. Data were analyzed by descriptive (frequency distribution, mean) and inferential (T-test, ANOVA, and one-sample t-test) statistics through SPSS16 software. Results: The findings showed that the mean level of media literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students was 3.20 ± 0.558 (higher than average). The highest mean was skill in avoiding confusion and focus on activates such as watching television, listening to radio, reading newspaper, and using internet; and the lowest mean was skill in membership and subscription in useful society networks. The mean of evaluation of media messages dimension was more than others. The lowest mean of dimensions was for selective and purposeful use of media with 2.99 ± 0.761. Comparison between gender, married status, educational degree, and college type and the rate of media literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students showed no significant difference. Conclusion: The results showed that the rate of media literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students was higher than average. But students didn't have enough skill in membership and subscription in useful society networks and Skill in tracking news about your favorite artists and musicians. Generally, all students and education practitioners should pay special attention to factors affecting in improving media literacy as a basic capability in using media. PMID:25013842

Ashrafi-rizi, Hasan; Khorasgani, Zahra Ghazavi; Zarmehr, Fateme; Kazempour, Zahra

2014-01-01

112

Assessing poisoning risks related to storage of household hazardous materials: using a focus group to improve a survey questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study area selected was Genesee County, Michigan, near Flint, with data to be collected by a phone survey of residents and through the acquisition of county hospital records containing procedure codes indicating treatment for poison emergencies, and review of poison control center data. Methods A focus group was used to identify key topics and relationships within these data for improving the phone survey questionnaire and its analysis. Results The focus group was successful in identifying the key issues with respect to all the data collection objectives, resulting in a significantly shorter and more topically focused survey questionnaire. Execution time of the phone survey decreased from 30 to 12 minutes, and useful relationships between the data were revealed, e.g., the linkage between reading food labels and reading labels on containers containing potentially harmful substances. Conclusion Focus groups and their preparatory planning can help reveal data interrelationships before larger surveys are undertaken. Even where time and budget constraints prevent the ability to conduct a series of focus groups, one successful focus group session can improve survey performance and reduce costs.

Keswick David

2005-08-01

113

Statistical study on the self-selection bias in FDG-PET cancer screening by a questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was performed to investigate the possible presence of self-selection bias in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) cancer screening (PET cancer screening). Responders to the questionnaires survey consisted of 80 healthy persons, who answered whether they undergo PET cancer screening, health consciousness, age, sex, and smoking history. The univariate and multivariate analyses on the four parameters were performed between the responders who were to undergo PET cancer screening and the responders who were not. Statistically significant difference was found in health consciousness between the above-mentioned two groups by both univariate and multivariate analysis with the odds ratio of 2.088. The study indicated that self-selection bias should exist in PET cancer screening. (author)

114

Results of a questionnaire survey on window setting and FOV on CT images of examinations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The use of CT as a general examination has spread widely and is even used in small institutions. However, it is difficult to determine the current situation of each institution. Therefore, we employed a questionnaire to investigate the current situation of a variety of institutions. From the results of the questionnaire, we determined that the window setting was difficult for beginner technologists. In addition, in many institutions, radiological technologists did not always use the same display field of view (FOV) for the same patient. From this questionnaire, we were able to determine the present conditions in each institution. We consider these results very useful. (author)

115

Stability and change in career choices of junior doctors: postal questionnaire surveys of the United Kingdom qualifiers of 1993.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To report on stability and change in career choices of doctors, between 1 and 3 years after qualification. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire surveys. SETTING: United Kingdom. SUBJECTS: All doctors who qualified in the United Kingdom in 1993. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Choices of eventual career expressed 1 and 3 years after qualifying. RESULTS: The overall pattern of career choices at year 3 differed a little from that at year 1. For example, choices for general practice increased from 26% ...

Goldacre, Mj; Lambert, Tw

2000-01-01

116

A questionnaire survey of the management and use of anthelmintics in cattle and antelope in mixed farming systems in Zimbabwe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey of the management of mixed farming of cattle and antelope and use of anthelmintics was conducted on eleven farms between August and December 1999 by a self-administered questionnaire. Seventeen antelope species ranging from grey duikers (Sylvicapra grimmia) to eland (Taurotragus oryx) occurred on the farms. Impala (Aepyceros melampus) was the most abundant antelope on the farms. Seventy-five per cent of the antelope species on the farms were grazers and mixed feeders and shared grazi...

Madzingira, O.; Mukaratirwa, S.; Pandey, V. S.; Dorny, P.

2002-01-01

117

Perception of picky eating among children in Singapore and its impact on caregivers: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Picky eating is relatively common among infants and children, often causing anxiety for parents and caregivers. The purpose of this study was to determine the key aspects of picky eating and feeding difficulties among children aged 1 to 10?years in Singapore and the impact on their parents or caregivers. Methods In this survey, 407 parents or grandparents who are the primary caregivers of children aged 1 to 10?years in Singapore were interviewed via telephone using a structured questionnaire of 36 questions. Respondents were randomly selected from the Singapore Residential Telephone Directory to meet a pre-set interlocked quota of race, sex, and age to represent the population. Quantitative data collected included demographics, body weight and height, respondents’ perceptions of the duration of picky eating, the child’s eating habits and perceived health status, respondents’ attitudes towards picky eating, coping strategies and the impact on family relationships. Bonferroni z-test and t-test were used to indicate significance across groups or demographics, while Pearson correlation coefficient was used to measure the strength of association between variables. Results One-half of the respondents reported that the child was ‘all the time’ (25.1% or sometimes (24.1% a picky eater. When aided with a list of typical behaviours, the respondent-reported prevalence of picky eating or feeding difficulties occurring ‘all the time’ increased to 49.6%. The highest number of respondents first noticed the child’s picky eating behaviours or feeding difficulties as early as 1?year (20.0%. Children 3 to 10?years [p?=?0.022], children of professional respondents (p?=?0.019, and children with a family history of picky eating (p?=?0.03 were significantly more likely to be picky eaters. Overall, all ‘picky eating’ and all ‘feeding difficulty’ behaviours occurring ‘all the time’ were significantly associated with caregiver stress when feeding (p?=?0.000026 and p?=?0.000055, respectively and with a negative impact on family relationships (p?=?0.011 and p?=?0.00000012, respectively. Conclusions The perceived prevalence and duration of picky eating behaviours and feeding difficulties are high. The impact on the respondent and family relationships appears to be significant in Singapore. Parental concerns about picky eating should be adequately assessed and managed in routine clinic consultations.

Goh Daniel YT

2012-07-01

118

Use and feasibility of delayed prescribing for respiratory tract infections: A questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Delayed prescribing of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections (RTIs lowers the amount of antibiotics consumed. Several national treatment guidelines on RTIs recommend the strategy. When advocating treatment innovations, the feasibility and credibility of the innovation must be taken into account. The objective of this study was to explore GPs use and patients uptake of wait-and-see prescriptions for RTIs, and to investigate the feasibility of the strategy from GPs' and patients' perspectives. Methods Questionnaire survey among Norwegian GPs issuing and patients receiving a wait-and-see-prescription for RTIs. Patients reported symptoms, confidence and antibiotics consumption, GPs reported diagnoses, reason for issuing a wait-and-see-prescription and their opinion about the method. Results 304 response pairs from consultations with 49 GPs were received. The patient response rate was 80%. The most common diagnosis for the GPs to issue a wait-and-see prescription was sinusitis (33% and otitis (21%. 46% of the patients reported to consume the antibiotics. When adjusted for other factors, the diagnosis did not predict antibiotic consumption, but both being 16 years or more (p = 0,006 and reporting to have a fever (p = 0,012 doubled the odds of antibiotic consumption, while feeling very ill more than quadrupled the odds (p = 0,002. In 210 cases (69%, the GP found delayed prescribing a very reasonable strategy, and 270 patients (89% would prefer to receive a wait-and-see prescription in a similar situation in the future. The GPs found delayed prescribing very reasonable most frequently in cases of sinusitis (79%, p = 0,007 and least frequently in cases of lower RTIs (49%, p = 0,002. Conclusion Most patients and GPs are satisfied with the delayed prescribing strategy. The patients' age, symptoms and malaise are more important than the diagnosis in predicting antibiotic consumption. The GP's view of the method as a reasonable approach depends on the patient's diagnosis. In our setting, delayed prescribing seems to be a feasible strategy, especially in cases of sinusitis and otitis. Educational efforts to promote delayed prescribing in similar settings should focus on these diagnoses.

Lindbæk Morten

2011-05-01

119

An overiew of non medical prescribing across one strategic health authority: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Over 50,000 non-medical healthcare professionals across the United Kingdom now have prescribing capabilities. However, there is no evidence available with regards to the extent to which non-medical prescribing (NMP has been implemented within organisations across a strategic health authority (SHA. The aim of the study was to provide an overview of NMP across one SHA. Methods NMP leads across one SHA were asked to supply the email addresses of NMPs within their organisation. One thousand five hundred and eighty five NMPs were contacted and invited to complete an on-line descriptive questionnaire survey, 883 (55.7% participants responded. Data was collected between November 2010 and February 2011. Results The majority of NMPs were based in primary care and worked in a team of 2 or more. Nurse independent supplementary prescribers were the largest group (590 or 68.6% compared to community practitioner prescribers (198 or 22.4%, pharmacist independent supplementary prescribers (35 or 4%, and allied health professionals and optometrist independent and/or supplementary prescribers (8 or 0.9%. Nearly all (over 90% of nurse independent supplementary prescribers prescribed medicines. Approximately a third of pharmacist independent supplementary prescribers, allied health professionals, and community practitioner prescribers did not prescribe. Clinical governance procedures were largely in place, although fewer procedures were reported by community practitioner prescribers. General practice nurses prescribed the most items. Factors affecting prescribing practice were: employer, the level of experience prior to becoming a non-medical prescriber, existence of governance procedures and support for the prescribing role (p? Conclusion NMP in this strategic health authority reflects national development of this relatively new role in that the majority of non-medical prescribers were nurses based in primary care, with fewer pharmacist and allied health professional prescribers. This workforce is contributing to medicines management activities in a range of care settings. If non-medical prescibers are to maximise their contribution, robust governance and support from healthcare organisations is essential. The continued use of supplementary prescribing is questionable if maximum efficiency is sought. These are important points that need to be considered by those responsible for developing non-medical prescribing in the United Kingdom and other countries around the world.

Courtenay Molly

2012-06-01

120

Views of junior doctors about whether their medical school prepared them well for work: questionnaire surveys  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The transition from medical student to junior doctor in postgraduate training is a critical stage in career progression. We report junior doctors' views about the extent to which their medical school prepared them for their work in clinical practice. Methods Postal questionnaires were used to survey the medical graduates of 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2005, from all UK medical schools, one year after graduation, and graduates of 2000, 2002 and 2005 three years after graduation. Summary statistics, chi-squared tests, and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the results. The main outcome measure was the level of agreement that medical school had prepared the responder well for work. Results Response rate was 63.7% (11610/18216 in year one and 60.2% (8427/13997 in year three. One year after graduation, 36.3% (95% CI: 34.6, 38.0 of 1999/2000 graduates, 50.3% (48.5, 52.2 of 2002 graduates, and 58.2% (56.5, 59.9 of 2005 graduates agreed their medical school had prepared them well. Conversely, in year three agreement fell from 48.9% (47.1, 50.7 to 38.0% (36.0, 40.0 to 28.0% (26.2, 29.7. Combining cohorts at year one, percentages who agreed that they had been well prepared ranged from 82% (95% CI: 79-87 at the medical school with the highest level of agreement to 30% (25-35 at the lowest. At year three the range was 70% to 27%. Ethnicity and sex were partial predictors of doctors' level of agreement; following adjustment for them, substantial differences between schools remained. In years one and three, 30% and 34% of doctors specified that feeling unprepared had been a serious or medium-sized problem for them (only 3% in each year regarded it as serious. Conclusions The vast knowledge base of clinical practice makes full preparation impossible. Our statement about feeling prepared is simple yet discriminating and identified some substantial differences between medical schools. Medical schools need feedback from graduates about elements of training that could be improved.

Taylor Kathryn

2010-11-01

 
 
 
 
121

Home delivery and newborn care practices among urban women in western Nepal: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at home and newborn care practices in urban areas of Nepal is lacking and such information will be useful for policy makers. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the immunisation clinics of Pokhara city, western Nepal during January and February, 2006. Two trained health workers administered a semi-structured questionnaire to the mothers who had delivered at home. Results A total of 240 mothers were interviewed. Planned home deliveries were 140 (58.3% and 100 (41.7% were unplanned. Only 6.2% of deliveries had a skilled birth attendant present and 38 (15.8% mothers gave birth alone. Only 46 (16.2% women had used a clean home delivery kit and only 92 (38.3% birth attendants had washed their hands. The umbilical cord was cut after expulsion of placenta in 154 (64.2% deliveries and cord was cut using a new/boiled blade in 217 (90.4% deliveries. Mustard oil was applied to the umbilical cord in 53 (22.1% deliveries. Birth place was heated throughout the delivery in 88 (64.2% deliveries. Only 100 (45.8% newborns were wrapped within 10 minutes and 233 (97.1% were wrapped within 30 minutes. Majority (93.8% of the newborns were given a bath soon after birth. Mustard oil massage of the newborns was a common practice (144, 60%. Sixteen (10.8% mothers did not feed colostrum to their babies. Prelacteal feeds were given to 37(15.2% newborns. Initiation rates of breast-feeding were 57.9% within one hour and 85.4% within 24 hours. Main reasons cited for delivering at home were 'preference' (25.7%, 'ease and convenience' (21.4% for planned deliveries while 'precipitate labor' (51%, 'lack of transportation' (18% and 'lack of escort' during labor (11% were cited for the unplanned ones. Conclusion High-risk home delivery and newborn care practices are common in urban population also. In-depth qualitative studies are needed to explore the reasons for delivering at home. Community-based interventions are required to improve the number of families engaging a skilled attendant and hygiene during delivery. The high-risk traditional newborn care practices like delayed wrapping, bathing, mustard oil massage, prelacteal feeding and discarding colostrum need to be addressed by culturally acceptable community-based health education programmes.

Giri Sabitri

2006-08-01

122

Survey-Sami and Indigenous Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Centre for Sami Studies at The University of Tromsø has by The Research Council of Norway been assigned to make a survey of Sami and Indigenous research going on in the Nordic countries.

SESAM SESAM

2005-04-01

123

Reliability and validity of job content questionnaire for university research laboratory staff in Malaysia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) has been proven a reliable and valid instrument to assess job stress in many countries and among various occupations. In Malaysia, both English and Malay versions of the JCQ have been administered to automotive workers, schoolteachers, and office workers. This study assessed the reliability and validity of the instrument with research laboratory staff in a university. A cross sectional study was conducted among 258 research laboratory staff in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Malaysian laboratory staff who have worked for at least one year were randomly selected from nine faculties and institutes in the university that have research laboratory. A self-administered English and Malay version of Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was used. Three major scales of JCQ: decision latitude, psychological job demands, and social support were assessed. Cronbach's alpha coefficients of two scales were acceptable, decision latitude and psychological job demands (0.70 and 0.72, respectively), while Cronbach's alpha coefficient for social support (0.86) was good. Exploratory factor analysis showed five factors that correspond closely to the theoretical construct of the questionnaire. The results of this research suggest that the JCQ is reliable and valid for examining psychosocial work situations and job strain among research laboratory staff. Further studies should be done for confirmative results, and further evaluation is needed on the decision authority subscale for this occupation. PMID:24968690

Nehzat, F; Huda, B Z; Tajuddin, S H Syed

2014-03-01

124

Questionnaire-based survey on the clinical management of canine leishmaniosis in the Madrid region (central Spain).  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a questionnaire designed to gain information on how veterinarians clinically manage canine leishmaniosis (CanL) in the Madrid region (central Spain). The present survey is one of the several similar questionnaire-based surveys conducted within the framework of the project EDEN (Emerging Diseases in a changing European eNvironment). The questionnaire sought to obtain data regarding the main clinical manifestations observed, the diagnostic methods used and the preventive measures recommended. Its Spanish version was sent by post to veterinary practitioners within the study area in two lots, one sent out in December 2006 and the other in March 2007. Only 174 of the 760 questionnaires sent were completed and returned (reply rate of 23%). Among the completed questionnaires, clinics differed widely in terms of features such as the habitats of the dogs (urban, peri-urban or rural) and patient volumes. Clinics attending dogs from peri-urban/rural habitats reported more suspected (p<0.001), confirmed (p=0.001) and newly diagnosed (p=0.001) cases/year than clinics providing service to a city clientele alone. According to the veterinary practitioners, skin lesions, lymphadenomegaly and weight loss were commonly observed, although these signs are not specific to CanL. Signs described to be of high diagnostic value were epistaxis and kidney disease. All the veterinarians polled reported that a suspicion of Leishmania infantum infection was confirmed by at least a serological method; the immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) being the technique most used. To prevent the disease, most vets recommended topical synthetic pyrethroids applied as impregnated collars or spot-ons. It is observed that despite considerable progress is being made in clinical management and controlling the disease, in Madrid Region its incidence continues to increase. PMID:21821298

Gálvez, R; Miró, G; Descalzo, M A; Molina, R

2011-10-01

125

Using electronic surveys in nursing research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Computer and Internet use in businesses and homes in the United States has dramatically increased since the early 1980s. In 2011, 76% of households reported having a computer, compared with only 8% in 1984 (File, 2013). A similar increase in Internet use has also been seen, with 72% of households reporting access of the Internet in 2011 compared with 18% in 1997 (File, 2013). This emerging trend in technology has prompted use of electronic surveys in the research community as an alternative to previous telephone and postal surveys. Electronic surveys can offer an efficient, cost-effective method for data collection; however, challenges exist. An awareness of the issues and strategies to optimize data collection using web-based surveys is critical when designing research studies. This column will discuss the different types and advantages and disadvantages of using electronic surveys in nursing research, as well as methods to optimize the quality and quantity of survey responses. PMID:25355023

Cope, Diane G

2014-11-01

126

Does it matter whether the recipient of patient questionnaires in general practice is the general practitioner or an independent researcher? The REPLY randomised trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Self-administered questionnaires are becoming increasingly common in general practice. Much research has explored methods to increase response rates but comparatively few studies have explored the effect of questionnaire administration on reported answers. Methods The aim of this study was to determine the effect on responses of returning patient questionnaires to the respondents' medical practice or an independent researcher to questions relating to adherence and satisfaction with a GP consultation. One medical practice in Waveney primary care trust, Suffolk, England participated in this randomised trial. Patients over 18 years initiated on a new long-term medication during a consultation with a GP were randomly allocated to return a survey from their medical practice to either their medical practice or an independent researcher. The main outcome measures were self reported adherence, satisfaction with information about the newly prescribed medicine, the consultation and involvement in discussions. Results 274 (47% patients responded to the questionnaire (45% medical practice, 48% independent researcher (95% CI -5 to 11%, p = 0.46 and the groups appeared demographically comparable, although the high level of non-response limits the ability to assess this. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to total adherence or any of the satisfaction scales. Five (4% patients reported altering doses of medication in the medical practice group compared with 18 (13% in the researcher group (P = 0.009, Fisher's exact test. More patients in the medical practice group reported difficulties using their medication compared to the researcher group (46 (35% v 30 (21%; p = 0.015, Fisher's exact test. Conclusion Postal satisfaction questionnaires do not appear to be affected by whether they are returned to the patient's own medical practice or an independent researcher. However, returning postal questionnaires relating to detailed patient behaviours may be subject to response biases and further work is needed to explore this phenomena.

Holland Richard C

2008-06-01

127

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22 questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire. Methods Following the steps of cross – cultural adaptation the adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire and a validated Greek version of the SF-36 questionnaire were mailed to 68 patients treated surgically for Idiopathic Scoliosis. 51 out of the 68 patients returned the 1st set of questionnaires, while a second set was emailed to 30 randomly selected patients of the first time responders. 20 out of the 30 patients returned the 2nd set. The mean age at the time of operation was16,2 years and the mean age at the time of evaluation was 21,2 years. Descriptive statistics for content analysis were calculated. Reliability assessment was determined by estimating Cronbach's ? and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC respectively. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing SRS-22 domains with relevant domains in the SF-36 questionnaire using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (r. Results The calculated Cronbach's ? of internal consistency for three of the corresponding domains (pain 0.85; mental health 0.87; self image 0.83 were very satisfactory and for two domains (function/activity 0.72 and satisfaction 0.67 were good. The ICC of all domains of SRS-22 questionnaire was high (ICC>0.70, demonstrating very satisfactory or excellent test/retest reproducibility. Considering concurrent validity all correlations were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level among related domains and generally demonstrated high correlation coefficient. Conclusion The adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire is valid and reliable and can be used for the assessment of the outcome of the treatment of the Greek speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis.

Christodoulou Evangelos A

2009-07-01

128

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22) questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionna...

Christodoulou Evangelos A; Koen Errikos M; Paganas Aristofanis; Angelis Lefteris; Katranitsa Labrini; Antonarakos Petros D; Christodoulou Anastasios G

2009-01-01

129

Research report for radioactivity survey (1986)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report gives the results of the 1986's research projects. The following research projects are covered: (I) research for radioactivity level and dosimetry in environment, food, and human body; (II) research for radioactivity level surrounding nuclear installations; (III) work in a radioactivity survey data center; (IV) basic research on the evaluation of radioactivity survey; (V) training of technicians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (VI) research on emergency countermeasures, including dosimetry. The results are provided mainly in tabular form. Some references are given in (VII). (Namekawa, K.)

130

The need for guidelines for the practice of hemodialysis in the kingdom of saudi arabia: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hemodialysis remains the most widely used form of renal replacement therapy world-wide. In view of the large number of patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia, it was felt to have some sort of guidelines to standardize dialysis delivery in the Kingdom. We performed a survey on various aspects of dialysis delivery. A detailed questionnaire was sent to 120 hemodialysis centers in the Kingdom and response was obtained from 55 (45.8%). The questionnaire consisted of questions for which answer on the present situation and ideal recommendation were sought. With these data, it is hoped to have proper guidelines that can be laid down to assist the practicing nephrologists in the Kingdom in optimizing dialysis delivery. PMID:18209392

Al-Khader, A A; Ramprasad, K S; Shaheen, F A

2001-01-01

131

The Need for Guidelines for the Practice of Hemodialysis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Questionnaire Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hemodialysis remains the most widely used form of renal replacement therapy world-wide. In view of the large number of patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis in Saudi Arabia, it was felt to have some sort of guidelines to standardize dialysis delivery in the Kingdom. We performed a survey on various aspects of dialysis delivery. A detailed questionnaire was sent to 120 hemodialysis centers in the Kingdom and response was obtained from 55 (45.8%. The questionnaire consisted of questions for which answer on the present situation and ideal recommendation were sought. With these data, it is hoped to have proper guidelines that can be laid down to assist the practicing nephrologists in the Kingdom in optimizing dialysis delivery.

Al-Khader Abdullah

2001-01-01

132

Mokken scale analysis of mental health and well-being questionnaire item responses: a non-parametric IRT method in empirical research for applied health researchers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Mokken scaling techniques are a useful tool for researchers who wish to construct unidimensional tests or use questionnaires that comprise multiple binary or polytomous items. The stochastic cumulative scaling model offered by this approach is ideally suited when the intention is to score an underlying latent trait by simple addition of the item response values. In our experience, the Mokken model appears to be less well-known than for example the (related Rasch model, but is seeing increasing use in contemporary clinical research and public health. Mokken's method is a generalisation of Guttman scaling that can assist in the determination of the dimensionality of tests or scales, and enables consideration of reliability, without reliance on Cronbach's alpha. This paper provides a practical guide to the application and interpretation of this non-parametric item response theory method in empirical research with health and well-being questionnaires. Methods Scalability of data from 1 a cross-sectional health survey (the Scottish Health Education Population Survey and 2 a general population birth cohort study (the National Child Development Study illustrate the method and modeling steps for dichotomous and polytomous items respectively. The questionnaire data analyzed comprise responses to the 12 item General Health Questionnaire, under the binary recoding recommended for screening applications, and the ordinal/polytomous responses to the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale. Results and conclusions After an initial analysis example in which we select items by phrasing (six positive versus six negatively worded items we show that all items from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 – when binary scored – were scalable according to the double monotonicity model, in two short scales comprising six items each (Bech’s “well-being” and “distress” clinical scales. An illustration of ordinal item analysis confirmed that all 14 positively worded items of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS met criteria for the monotone homogeneity model but four items violated double monotonicity with respect to a single underlying dimension. Software availability and commands used to specify unidimensionality and reliability analysis and graphical displays for diagnosing monotone homogeneity and double monotonicity are discussed, with an emphasis on current implementations in freeware.

Stochl Jan

2012-06-01

133

Construct and Concurrent Validity of a Prototype Questionnaire to Survey Public Attitudes toward Stuttering  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: Construct validity and concurrent validity were investigated in a prototype survey instrument, the "Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Experimental Edition" (POSHA-E). The POSHA-E was designed to measure public attitudes toward stuttering within the context of eight other attributes, or "anchors," assumed to range from negative…

St. Louis, Kenneth O.; Reichel, Isabella K.; Yaruss, J. Scott; Lubker, Bobbie Boyd

2009-01-01

134

Knowledge and exposure to complementary and alternative medicine in paediatric doctors: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Complementary and alternative medicines are increasingly used by the general population. A survey was conducted to ascertain the knowledge of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAMs) amongst paediatric physicians, and whether seniority increases the likelihood of its use being considered in consultations, or of families discussing it. Methods Anonymous survey of general paediatric doctors in a large inner-city district general hospital ...

Goldstein Amanda; Kawai Grace; Fountain-Polley Simon; Ninan Titus

2007-01-01

135

A survey of electric and hybrid vehicles simulation programs. Volume 2: Questionnaire responses  

Science.gov (United States)

The data received in a survey conducted within the United States to determine the extent of development and capabilities of automotive performance simulation programs suitable for electric and hybrid vehicle studies are presented. The survey was conducted for the Department of Energy by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Volume 1 of this report summarizes and discusses the results contained in Volume 2.

Bevan, J.; Heimburger, D. A.; Metcalfe, M. A.

1978-01-01

136

Using the Internet for surveys and health research.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper concerns the use of the Internet in the research process, from identifying research issues through qualitative research, through using the Web for surveys and clinical trials, to pre-publishing and publishing research results. Material published on the Internet may be a valuable resource for researchers desiring to understand people and the social and cultural contexts within which they live outside of experimental settings, with due emphasis on the interpretations, experiences, and views of 'real world' people. Reviews of information posted by consumers on the Internet may help to identify health beliefs, common topics, motives, information, and emotional needs of patients, and point to areas where research is needed. The Internet can further be used for survey research. Internet-based surveys may be conducted by means of interactive interviews or by questionnaires designed for self-completion. Electronic one-to-one interviews can be conducted via e-mail or using chat rooms. Questionnaires can be administered by e-mail (e.g. using mailing lists), by posting to newsgroups, and on the Web using fill-in forms. In "open" web-based surveys, selection bias occurs due to the non-representative nature of the Internet population, and (more importantly) through self-selection of participants, i.e. the non-representative nature of respondents, also called the 'volunteer effect'. A synopsis of important techniques and tips for implementing Web-based surveys is given. Ethical issues involved in any type of online research are discussed. Internet addresses for finding methods and protocols are provided. The Web is also being used to assist in the identification and conduction of clinical trials. For example, the web can be used by researchers doing a systematic review who are looking for unpublished trials. Finally, the web is used for two distinct types of electronic publication. Type 1 publication is unrefereed publication of protocols or work in progress (a 'post-publication' peer review process may take place), whereas Type 2 publication is peer-reviewed and will ordinarily take place in online journals. PMID:12554560

Eysenbach, Gunther; Wyatt, Jeremy

2002-01-01

137

The approach of urologists to kidney stones in southeastern Anatolia: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: It is aimed to investigate the possible differences of urologist in the Southeastern Anatolia Region concerning kidney stone disease about treatment selections and processes. We also aimed to provide data to all institutions that perform educational activities in our country, including the Turkish Association of Urology and Endourology. Our study also sought to determine the treatment priorities in our region.Material and methods: A questionnaire consisting of 22 questions was prep...

Sak?p Mehmet Erturhan; Ömer Bayrak; Necmettin Penbegül; ?lker Seçkiner; Ahmet Ali Sancaktar; Faruk Ya?c?

2012-01-01

138

Perceptions of Pakistani medical students about drugs and alcohol: a questionnaire-based survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Drug abuse is hazardous and known to be prevalent among young adults, warranting efforts to increase awareness about harmful effects and to change attitudes. This study was conducted to assess the perceptions of a group of medical students from Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country, regarding four drugs namely heroin, charas, benzodiazepines and alcohol. Results In total, 174 self-reported questionnaires were received (87% response rate). ...

Salahuddin Farah F; Shaikh Kashif S; Siddiqi Maham T; Saleem Ayesha; Shah Zaman; Shafiq Majid; Siwani Rizwan; Naqvi Haider

2006-01-01

139

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake among nursing home residents in Nottingham, England: a postal questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of policies relating to the vaccination of residents has been proposed as a simple step that may help improve vaccine uptake in care homes. Methods A postal questionnaire was sent to matrons of all care homes with nursing within the Greater ...

Vivancos Roberto; Copping Joanna; Shroufi Amir; Cb, Slack Richard

2008-01-01

140

Application of annotated paraconsistent logic to surveys conducted of self-administered questionnaires containing redundant questions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose: Opinion polls and evaluation questionnaires are routinely applied as a means to gauge the most diversetopics and often result inconsistent, mainly because, as they are directed to the public in general and not for specialistsonly, they must perforce employ quite straightforward, easy to understand, questions, which are vague by their ownnature and allow too much for interpretation (i. e. present much cognitive imprecision) on the part of the surveyee.Design/methodology/approach: On o...

Ito, O. T.; Redda, J. S. P.; Albuquerque, A. R. P. L.; Arruda Campos, I. P.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

A nationwide postal questionnaire survey: the presence of airway guidelines in anaesthesia department in Sweden  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background In Sweden, airway guidelines aimed toward improving patient safety have been recommended by the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine. Adherence to evidence-based airway guidelines is known to be generally poor in Sweden. The aim of this study was to determine whether airway guidelines are present in Swedish anaesthesia departments. Methods A nationwide postal questionnaire inquiring about the presence of airway guidelines was sent out to directors of Swedish a...

Knudsen, Kati; Po?der, Ulrika; Ho?gman, Marieann; Larsson, Anders; Nilsson, Ulrica

2014-01-01

142

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS FROM FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA REGARDING THEIR MOTIVATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years there has been a significant increase in the number and value of projects implemented by medical universities in Bulgaria. The involvement of representatives of the student community in the research teams increases their knowledge and skills and in this way they also gain experience in team work and become motivated to further develop their science careers. Aim: The purpose of our study is by analyzing data from our questionnaire to examine the level of students’ willingness to participate in research project activities performed by Bulgarian faculties of Dental Medicine. Material and methods: The written examination technique has been applied as a primary empirical sociological information registration method. For that purpose a 13-question survey (questionnaire has been prepared. The survey is anonymous and it has been completed by 190 students in their 4th and 5th year of studying in medical universities in Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. Data was collected during the period from January to May 2013. Results: In order for us to achieve the goal of this study we focused on the questions from the questionnaire.Conclusion: The role that research projects play in medical universities and in particular in the faculties of dental medicine in Bulgaria is of key importance for their accreditation. The scientific cooperation between lecturers and students is a prerequisite for developing a competitive environment that defines the future scientific achievements in the relevant research institution.

Svetoslav Garov

2013-07-01

143

Physiotherapy-supervised mobilization and exercise following cardiac surgery: a national questionnaire survey in Sweden  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Limited published data are available on how patients are mobilized and exercised during the postoperative hospital stay following cardiac surgery. The aim of this survey was to determine current practice of physiotherapy-supervised mobilization and exercise following cardiac surgery in Sweden. Methods A prospective survey was carried out among physiotherapists treating adult cardiac surgery patients. A total population sample was identified a...

Westerdahl Elisabeth; Möller Margareta

2010-01-01

144

Bridging the gaps among research, policy and practice in ten low- and middle-income countries: Development and testing of questionnaire for health-care providers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The reliability and validity of instruments used to survey health-care providers' views about and experiences with research evidence have seldom been examined. Methods Country teams from ten low- and middle-income countries (China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senegal and Tanzania participated in the development, translation, pilot-testing and administration of a questionnaire designed to measure health-care providers' views and activities related to improving their clinical practice and their awareness of, access to and use of research evidence, as well as changes in their clinical practice that they attribute to particular sources of research evidence that they have used. We use internal consistency as a measure of the questionnaire's reliability and, whenever possible, we use explanatory factor analyses to assess the degree to which questions that pertain to a single domain actually address common themes. We assess the questionnaire's face validity and content validity and, to a lesser extent, we also explore its criterion validity. Results The questionnaire has high internal consistency, with Cronbach's alphas between 0.7 and 0.9 for 16 of 20 domains and sub-domains (identified by factor analyses. Cronbach's alphas are greater than 0.9 for two domains, suggesting some item redundancy. Pre- and post-field work assessments indicate the questionnaire has good face validity and content validity. Our limited assessment of criterion validity shows weak but statistically significant associations between the general influence of research evidence among providers and more specific measures of providers' change in approach to preventing or treating a clinical condition. Conclusion Our analysis points to a number of strengths of the questionnaire - high internal consistency (reliability and good face and content validity - but also to areas where it can be shortened without losing important conceptual domains.

Boupha Boungnong

2010-01-01

145

Prevalences of symptoms of asthma and other allergic diseases in korean children: a nationwide questionnaire survey.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of childhood asthma and other allergic diseases in Korea, and to determine potential risk factors for the diseases. Stratified random samples of 42,886 were selected from 34 elementary (6-12 yr olds) and 34 middle schools (12-15 yr olds) nationwide, and 38,955 were in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used in this cross-se...

Lee, S. I.; Shin, M. H.; Lee, H. B.; Lee, J. S.; Son, B. K.; Koh, Y. Y.; Kim, K. E.; Ahn, Y. O.

2001-01-01

146

Routine treatment of cutaneous warts: a questionnaire survey of general practitioners.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A postal questionnaire was sent to 185 general practitioners to assess their approach to cutaneous warts and their views on the future development of the routine wart treatment service; 159 (85.9%) replied. A wide range of treatments were offered and most patients were given some treatment. The main reasons respondents gave for referring patients to hospital were failure of wart paints (73.6%) and lack of availability of liquid nitrogen (70.4%). Most general practitioners (74.2%) believed tha...

Keefe, M.; Dick, D. C.

1989-01-01

147

Improving the Quality of Adult Mortality Data Collected in Demographic Surveys: Validation Study of a New Siblings' Survival Questionnaire in Niakhar, Senegal  

Science.gov (United States)

Background In countries with limited vital registration, adult mortality is frequently estimated using siblings' survival histories (SSHs) collected during Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). These data are affected by reporting errors. We developed a new SSH questionnaire, the siblings' survival calendar (SSC). It incorporates supplementary interviewing techniques to limit omissions of siblings and uses an event history calendar to improve reports of dates and ages. We hypothesized that the SSC would improve the quality of adult mortality data. Methods and Findings We conducted a retrospective validation study among the population of the Niakhar Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Senegal. We randomly assigned men and women aged 15–59 y to an interview with either the DHS questionnaire or the SSC. We compared SSHs collected in each group to prospective data on adult mortality collected in Niakhar. The SSC reduced respondents' tendency to round reports of dates and ages to the nearest multiple of five or ten (“heaping”). The SSC also had higher sensitivity in recording adult female deaths: among respondents whose sister(s) had died at an adult age in the past 15 y, 89.6% reported an adult female death during SSC interviews versus 75.6% in DHS interviews (p?=?0.027). The specificity of the SSC was similar to that of the DHS questionnaire, i.e., it did not increase the number of false reports of deaths. However, the SSC did not improve the reporting of adult deaths among the brothers of respondents. Study limitations include sample selectivity, limited external validity, and multiple testing. Conclusions The SSC has the potential to collect more accurate SSHs than the questionnaire used in DHS. Further research is needed to assess the effects of the SSC on estimates of adult mortality rates. Additional validation studies should be conducted in different social and epidemiological settings. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN06849961 Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24866715

Helleringer, Stéphane; Pison, Gilles; Masquelier, Bruno; Kanté, Almamy Malick; Douillot, Laetitia; Duthé, Géraldine; Sokhna, Cheikh; Delaunay, Valérie

2014-01-01

148

Report on present status of quality control and assurance of PET in Japan based on questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Radioisotope Association conducted a questionnaire survey to ascertain status of QA/QC activity of positron emission tomography (PET) in Japan. The questionnaire was sent to 277 PFT facilities with 116 valid responses (41.9%). The survey revealed that acceptance test of PET was performed by vender in 86.0% and by facility in 7.6% of the scanners. System sensitivity, accuracy of image registration, image homogeneity, accuracy of dead-time correction and accidental coincidence, and accuracy of attenuation and scatter correction was tested in 59.6%, 57.9%, 55.0%, 29.2%, and 28.1% of the PET scanners, respectively. The count normalization and cross calibration was tested once in 3 months in 71.5% of the scanners. Maintenance service contract was present in 93.3%. Normalization factor, cross calibration factor, and standardized uptake value (SUV) were varied from -11 to +20%, from -8 to +54%, and from -20 to +10% between the initial and the last tests. Dose calibrator and well counter was regularly checked in 55.0% and 82.6% of the equipment, respectively. (author)

149

A questionnaire survey of poultry layer farmers in Khartoum State, Sudan, to study their antimicrobial awareness and usage patterns  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An initial census of layer farms in Khartoum State, Sudan, was carried out in late 2007 and early 2008 and found that there were 252 layer farms with a total population of 2 221 800 birds. This paper reports the findings of the census. Based on this information, a structured questionnaire survey of 92 farms was then conducted in the state in April 2008 to collect data on antibiotic usage, demographic data and public health awareness. Ninety-eight per cent of participating farms comprised open-sided houses. It was found that 49% of the farms surveyed were on antibiotic treatment when the survey was conducted, whilst 59% of the farms had used antibiotics within the last 3 months. The study found that farmers and producers had a lack of knowledge about antimicrobial residues, their withdrawal periods and the risk posed by the consumption of these residues. The study also concluded that traditional farming systems in Sudan relied heavily on antimicrobial medication to control disease and almost half of the farms surveyed were treating their flocks with antimicrobials. In addition to this, there was a lack of disease control programmes which probably resulted in a massive use of antibiotics to control endemic diseases. This was further compounded by the absence of governmental supervision and control on the use of drugs.

Mohamed M. Sirdar

2012-05-01

150

Global thunderstorm activity research survey  

Science.gov (United States)

The published literature on the subject of the monitoring of global thunderstorm activity by instrumented satellites was reviewed. A survey of the properties of selected physical parameters of the thunderstorm is presented. The concepts used by satellites to identify and to measure terrestrial lightning pulses are described. The experimental data acquired by satellites are discussed. The scientific achievements of the satellites are evaluated against the needs of scientists and the potential requirements of user agencies. The performances of the satellites are rated according to their scientific and operational achievements.

Coroniti, S. C.

1982-01-01

151

For future energy. Questionnaire survey 'need and safety of nuclear energy'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The questionnairing has been conducted on students in the department of engineering, and environmental and information studies of Musashi Institute of Technology, and Toyoko Gakuen Women's College for six years. The results are collected by every department and university and college. Abstract of results is 1) about 70% of students thought necessity of nuclear energy, 2) in case of accidents and troubles in relation to nuclear energy, they have a distrust of nuclear power generation and nuclear energy, 3) they put their hope to use natural energies without pollution and destruct of global environment, and 4) the feeling of students was not the same in the literature course as the scientific course, but generally speaking, their results tend to be agreement with an adult member of society. The tasks of university are stated. (S.Y.)

152

Prevalence of Asthma among Schoolchildren in Gorgan, Iran by Questionnaire Surveys in 2006  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of study to determine the prevalence of asthma in Gorgan. This cross-sectional study was carried out in randomly chosen public and non-profitable primary, guidance and high schools. Five hundred eighty copies of a standard questionnaire, which was randomly distributed among the students, were filled out by parents on behalf of their children. Six cases (1% with triad asthma symptoms. Sixty five cases (11.2% with cough 26 cases (4.5% with tightness and 27 cases (4.7% with wheezing, without they have caught cold. In all cases, 11.7% have at least one asthma symptoms. There was no significant relationship between asthma and age, sex and ethnic. As the results reveal the rate of asthma in Gorgan is high (11.7% and it is important that people get educated to fight against asthma.

S.M. Hedayatmofidi

2007-01-01

153

Trends in doctors' early career choices for general practice in the UK: longitudinal questionnaire surveys  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The percentage of newly qualified doctors in the UK who want a career in general practice declined substantially in the 1990s. The English Department of Health expects that half of all doctors will become GPs. Aim To report on choices for general practice made by doctors who qualified in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2009. Design and setting A structured, closed questionnaire about future career intentions, sent to all UK medical graduates. Method Questionnaires sent 1 year after qualification (all cohorts) and 3 years after (all except 2008 and 2009). Results Percentages of doctors who expressed an unreserved first choice for general practice in the first year after qualification, in the successive five cohorts, were 22.2%, 20.2%, 23.2%, 21.3%, and 20.4%. Percentages who expressed any choice for general practice — whether first, second or third — were 46.5%, 43.4%, 52.6%, 49.5%, and 49.9%. Three years after qualification, an unreserved first choice was expressed, in successive cohorts, by 27.9%, 26.1%, and 35.1%. Doctors from newly established English medical schools showed the highest levels of choice for general practice. Conclusion The percentage of doctors, in their first post-qualification year, whose first choice of eventual career was general practice has not changed much in recent years. By year 3 after qualification, this preference has increased in recent years. At years 1 and 3, the overall first choice for general practice is considerably lower than the required 50%, but varies substantially by medical school. In depth studies of why this is so are needed. PMID:21722447

Lambert, Trevor; Goldacre, Michael

2011-01-01

154

Care seeking behaviour for childhood illness- a questionnaire survey in western Nepal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The World Health Organization estimates that seeking prompt and appropriate care could reduce child deaths due to acute respiratory infections by 20%. The purpose of our study was to assess care seeking behaviour of the mothers during childhood illness and to determine the predictors of mother's care seeking behaviour. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the immunization clinics of Pokhara city, Kaski district, western Nepal. A ...

Joshi Hari S; Subba Sonu H; Sreekumaran Binu V; Shankar Ravi P; Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T; Ramachandran Uma

2006-01-01

155

Home delivery and newborn care practices among urban women in western Nepal: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at home and newborn care practices in urban areas of Nepal is lacking and such information will be useful for policy makers. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the immunisation clinics of Pokhara city, western Nepal during J...

Giri Sabitri; Sreekumaran Binu V; Joshi Hari S; Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T; Chuni Neena

2006-01-01

156

Perception of picky eating among children in Singapore and its impact on caregivers: a questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Picky eating is relatively common among infants and children, often causing anxiety for parents and caregivers. The purpose of this study was to determine the key aspects of picky eating and feeding difficulties among children aged 1 to 10?years in Singapore and the impact on their parents or caregivers. Methods In this survey, 407 parents or grandparents who are the primary caregivers of children aged 1 to 10?years in Singapore were inte...

Yt, Goh Daniel; Jacob Anna

2012-01-01

157

Perspectives on advance directives in Japanese society: A population-based questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Me...

Slingsby Brian; Akabayashi Akira; Kai Ichiro

2003-01-01

158

Firework disaster Enschede: Physical and mental health in victims and relief workers; questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On May 13th, 2000, a firework storage facility with 177 tons of heavy fireworks exploded in a residential area in Enschede, The Netherlands. The series of three explosions and subsequent fire killed 22 and injured over 900 people and about 400 homes were destroyed. The Dutch government declared this a national disaster and a survey was launched to study potential exposure to substances and psycho-trauma, and to assess current physical and psychological health of victims and relief workers, ...

van Kamp I; Pg, Velden

2007-01-01

159

In-kind drug donations for Tanzania. Stakeholders' views--a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tanzania, a country with low access to essential drugs, receives substantial drug donations (DDs) as in-kind gifts. To support the ongoing health sector reform and to promote a good donation practice, stakeholders' and recipients' views on the appropriateness and acceptability of DDs are of particular interest. The objectives were to collect information on the situation of in-kind DDs in Tanzania, to assess the characteristics of the DD system in Tanzania and to collect stakeholders' and recipients' views on problematic areas in DD processes including all strategies of drug donation. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected through validated postal questionnaires in Swahili and English, which were sent out in June 2001 countrywide to stakeholders of all sectors and levels of decision-making involved in healthcare in Tanzania. Of 1,383 mailed questionnaires, 496 were returned, of which 411 (30%) were eligible for analysis. All respondents perceived in-kind DDs as an important resource to assure drug availability in a context of poverty. Half of the respondents were recipients of in-kind DDs. On average, an estimated 27% of the recipients' drug supply was covered through DDs. The main problem for recipients of all sectors involved in healthcare was the insufficient quantity of DDs for sustainable treatment. Representatives of the public sector asked for more transparency in the DD processes. NGOs and religious facilities with better developed structures raised problems such as shipment fees, insufficient infrastructure and training. Recipients suggested that optimizing communication would have the greatest impact on improving the DD processes. In Tanzania, DDs were highly accepted by recipients and stakeholders. The primary concern of DD recipients was less the quality of drugs, although quality assurance remained an ongoing concern, than the discrepancy between the recipients' needs and the donors' supply. DDs often failed to cover priority needs. Suggestions of recipients for DD process optimization corresponded fully with the principles of the Tanzanian and the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for DDs, with the call for better implementation of the guidelines among donors and recipients. PMID:18270501

Mariacher, Gaby Gehler; Mtasiwa, Deo; Wiedenmayer, Karin; Bruppacher, Rudolf; Tanner, Marcel; Hersberger, Kurt E

2007-01-01

160

Radiation protection of nuclear medicine workers in the Czech Republic in 2003 -some results of SONS and questionnaire survey II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our paper presents the most. important data concerning an equipment of 45 nuclear medicine departments (depts.) with radiation protection facilities and aids. The results of the questionnaire survey mentioned in our previous paper are briefly summarized here. A relatively low radiation burden of nuclear medicine staff suggests the standard of radiation protection measures to be relatively good in our country. However, our survey shows some shortcomings, especially the following ones: (1) some depts. need equipment for the preparation and dispensing of radiopharmaceuticals; (2) syringe shields for injection of beta-emitters such as 90Y are missing Iargely; (3) at some depts. shielding of staff from the patient containing a radiopharmaceutical is either missing or insufficient. Some deficiencies, including those not mentioned here, cannot be considered too significant. If syringe shields for beta-emitters are not available, Pb shields can be provisionally used. It would be desirable to replace the Pb shields by tungsten ones having the same effectiveness as Pb shields but smaller dimensions enabling a more comfortable injections (of course, tungsten syringe shields were available at four depts. which administered 18F-FDG in 2003). An acquaintance of depts. with the results of our survey is believed to stimulate nuclear medicine workers to improve further radiation protection in compliance with legislative requirements. (authors)

 
 
 
 
161

A questionnaire survey on sleeping thermal environment and bedroom air conditioning in high-rise residences in Hong Kong  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper reports on the results of a questionnaire survey on sleeping thermal environment and bedroom air conditioning in high-rise residential buildings in Hong Kong. The survey aimed at investigating the current situation of sleeping thermal environment and bedroom air conditioning, in order to gather relevant background information to develop strategies for bedroom air conditioning in the subtropics. It focused on the use patterns and types of bedroom air conditioning systems used, human factors such as the use of bedding and sleep wear during sleep, preference for indoor air temperature settings in bedrooms, ventilation control at nighttime with room air conditioner (RAC) turned on, etc. The results of the survey showed that most of the respondents would prefer a relatively low indoor air temperature at below 24 {sup o}C. Most of the respondents might however not be satisfied with the indoor air quality (IAQ) in bedrooms in Hong Kong. On the other hand, 68% of the respondents did not use any ventilation control intentionally during their sleep with their RACs turned on. A lack of knowledge of the ventilation control devices provided on window type room air conditioners (WRACs) indicated an urgent need for user education. (author)

Lin, Z. [Institute of Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Gas Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai (China); Deng, S. [Department of Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR (China)

2006-07-01

162

Hikikomori as a possible clinical term in psychiatry: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The word hikikomori, the abnormal avoidance of social contact, has become increasingly well-known. However, a definition of this phenomenon has not been discussed thoroughly. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of the perception of hikikomori amongst health-related students and professionals and to explore possible psychiatric conditions underlying hikikomori. Methods A total of 1,038 subjects were requested to complete a questionnaire regarding hikikomori phenomenon. Results While some differences in the perception of hikikomori do exist, all subjects tended to disagree with the statement, “hikikomori is NOT a disorder”. Regarding the underlying psychiatric disorders of hikikomori, approximately 30% of psychiatrists chose schizophrenia as the most applicable ICD-10 diagnosis for hikikomori, whereas 50% of pediatricians chose neurotic or stress-related disorders. Conclusions An argument still exists regarding the relationship between hikikomori and psychiatric disorders. We propose that the term hikikomori could be used to describe severe social withdrawal in the setting of a number of psychiatric disorders.

Tateno Masaru

2012-10-01

163

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake among nursing home residents in Nottingham, England: a postal questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of policies relating to the vaccination of residents has been proposed as a simple step that may help improve vaccine uptake in care homes. Methods A postal questionnaire was sent to matrons of all care homes with nursing within the Greater Nottingham area in January 2006. Non respondents were followed up with up to 3 phone calls. Results 30% (16/53 of respondents reported having a policy addressing influenza vaccination and 15% (8/53 had a policy addressing pneumococcal vaccination. Seasonal influenza vaccine coverage in care homes with a vaccination policy was 87% compared with 84% in care homes without a policy (p = 0.47. The uptake of pneumococcal vaccination was found to be low, particularly in care homes with no vaccination policy. Coverage was 60% and 32% in care homes with and without a vaccination policy respectively (p = 0.06. This result was found to be statistically significant on multivariate analysis (p = 0.03, R = 0.46 Conclusion The uptake of influenza vaccine among care home residents in the Nottingham region is relatively high, although pneumococcal vaccine uptake is low. This study shows that there is an association between pneumococcal vaccine uptake and the existence of a vaccination policy in care homes, and highlights that few care homes have vaccination policies in place.

Vivancos Roberto

2008-05-01

164

Job Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Industry, Mine and Trade Organization Employees: A Questionnaire Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most important challenges facing organizations is the increasing levels of job burnout among their employees. In the meantime, it poses the question as what the relationship between this factor and job satisfaction is. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between burnout and job satisfaction to provide an appropriate model. The population of this study consisted of all employees of Golestan Province industry, mine and trade organization, the number of whom is 154, out of which, 120 employees were selected as a sample by the simple random sampling method. For collecting the data, two questionnaires of job burnout and job satisfaction were applied, and the obtained data was analyzed using the statistical methods of Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, Spearman’s correlation, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Regression analysis, F-test and T-test. From the results, it was found that the variable of job burnout had a significant negative relationship with job satisfaction. The results demonstrated that among job burnout components, emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment can predict job satisfaction in a negative direction.

Rahil Kazemi Talachi

2013-07-01

165

Survey of Vibration Exposure and Musculoskeletal Disorder of Zahedan City Tractor Drivers by Nordics Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Exposure to vibration is the cause of some occupational injuries and diseases. Objective of this study was determination of vibration exposure of tractor drivers and assessment of musculoskeletal disorder. This cross-sectional and descriptive- analytical study was administrated to 95 tractor drivers to census method and measuring induced vibration to the drivers was done in three axis, x, y, and z in tractors with load (10000 liter water, without load, with 10 km/h speed, by the vibration meter instrument “Sevantek”. The information related to musculoskeletal disorder was collected by using Nordic questionnaire. Data from both parts was analyzed by using SPSS. In the over load tractor group and with velocity vibration 10km/h, 50% of workers were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 39.3% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 10.7% in over exposure limit. This results were in the without load tractor group and with the same velocity, 23.8% of people were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 42.9% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 33.3% in the range of over exposure limit and waist with 56.8% had the greatest rate of pain and ankle with 9.5% had the least amount of pain rate. Using of many tractors in city to displace water and other applications, paying attention to the health of drivers and checking the periodically, is needed.

Mostafa Mohammadi

2010-07-01

166

Angiostrongylus vasorum in Great Britain: a nationwide postal questionnaire survey of veterinary practices.  

Science.gov (United States)

The lungworm, Angiostrongylus vasorum, was first reported in indigenous dogs in southwestern England in 1980 and has since been recorded in Wales, southeastern England and, more recently, in the West Midlands, northern England and Scotland. The nationwide distribution of the parasite was evaluated using a postal questionnaire sent to 3950 small animal practices during 2009. Information was sought on the location of each practice, awareness of the parasite locally, number of cases diagnosed over the past year and whether diagnosis was based on clinical signs alone or supported by additional tests. 1419 practices returned a usable response, the majority being located in a city/town. Nearly one-third of responding practices were aware of the parasite locally, 20.7 per cent had seen at least one confirmed case and 0.3 per cent >20 confirmed cases over the past year. The most widely used tests were faecal examination and any type of imaging. Existing clusters of infection were detected in southeastern England and south Wales; infection was also found to be widespread in central England, though patchy in northern England and Scotland. Using distribution of clinical cases as an indicator of parasite distribution, this study confirmed that A. vasorum has spread beyond traditional UK endemic foci. PMID:24852845

Kirk, L; Limon, G; Guitian, F J; Hermosilla, C; Fox, M T

2014-08-01

167

How Do Turkish Nursing Students Plan Their Career after the Graduation?: A Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was planned as a cross-sectional and descriptive study for the purpose of determining nursing students' expectations from a workplace and what department, area, and positions they want to work in after graduation. The research population was comprised of the four university-based schools of nursing in Ankara province. The sample was…

Yildirim, Dilek; Kececi, Ayla; Bulduk, Serap

2011-01-01

168

Community nursing needs more silver surfers: a questionnaire survey of primary care nurses' use of information technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK the health service is investing more than ever before in information technology (IT and primary care nurses will have to work with computers. Information about patients will be almost exclusively held in electronic patient records; and much of the information about best practice is most readily accessible via computer terminals. Objective To examine the influence of age and nursing profession on the level of computer use. Methods A questionnaire was developed to examine: access, training received, confidence and use of IT. The survey was carried out in a Sussex Primary Care Trust, in the UK. Results The questionnaire was sent to 109 nurses with a 64% response rate. Most primary care nurses (89% use their computer regularly at work: 100% of practice nurses daily, compared with 60% of district nurses and 59% of health visitors (p Conclusions Using computers in the surgery has become the norm for primary care nurses. However, nurses over 50, working out in the community, lack the confidence and skill of their younger and practice based colleagues.

de Lusignan Simon

2004-10-01

169

Influence factors of risk perception of radiation and its background. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and text analysis. The results of the text analysis are as follows: (1) The main elements of the concern of radiation are the uneasiness to oncogenesis or a health effect. (2) The trusts for technology or scientists are the main elements of the reliance for the standard of radiation, in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

170

Questionnaire survey of current status and reserve for breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture. Achievement of a 50% participation rate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mie Medical Network of Breast Cancer Screening, a NPO, was assigned the task of breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in April, 2010. For breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in 2009, a questionnaire survey was performed toward both consigner and consignee. Consigners were local public offices managing breast cancer screening for local inhabitants, and consignees were facilities offering breast cancer screening. The number of breast cancer screening was investigated toward all 29 of consigners in Mie prefecture. The questionnaire survey was conducted toward all 52 of the facilities possessing mammography systems (breast cancer screening being performed at 48 of them) in Mie prefecture in 2009. We investigated the predictive additional number of breast cancer screening and also investigated the requisite number of staff to achieve the predictive maximum number of breast cancer screening. As a result, the total number of breast cancer screenings was 93,525, and the participation rate was 27.5% which was calculated by reduction of continuator in Mie prefecture in 2009. The continuator accounted for over 30% of all breast cancer screenings. The predictive additional number was 126,950, this indicates that a possible participation rate of 75.2% after 2011. To achieve this high participation rate, active support is essential for short-handed facilities, and about 20% increase of medical staff is necessary. To achieve a participation rate of over 50% as a goal, new icipation rate of over 50% as a goal, new screenees should be recruited and breast cancer screening of every other year should be enlightened. (author)

171

Current Duty Arrangements and Circumstances of Emergency Medical Technicians: Findings of an Electronic Questionnaire Survey Conducted at the 16th National Ambulance-Crew Symposium  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To assess the working arrangements and effects on the health of medical emergency transport personnel, we conducted an electronic questionnaire survey among participants of the 16th National Ambulance-Crew Symposium in 2008. Answers were obtained from 58 participants (56 males, 2 females): 58 questionnaires were fully completed and suitable for analysis. Of the 58, 47 respondents were emergency medical technicians (including those with additional roles). In the analysis of the ...

Hosoda, Takenobu; Okamoto, Hiroteru; Wada, Takako; Kurozawa, Youichi

2011-01-01

172

Questionnaire – Investigation Survey on Employees’ Opinion Regional Report for the Eastern Region of the Romanian Commercial Bank (RCB)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of the study is to investigate the employee’s awareness of Eastern Region ofthe Romanian Commercial Bank, a research based on a common methodology survey, in order toobtain a general review on an established issue, which was demonstrated and confirmed to beeffective and its recognizes the performance in an emblematic bank for the Romanian bankingindustry.

Doini?a Simona Badiu Popa

2011-01-01

173

Questionnaire – Investigation Survey on Employees’ Opinion Regional Report for the Eastern Region of the Romanian Commercial Bank (RCB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of the study is to investigate the employee’s awareness of Eastern Region ofthe Romanian Commercial Bank, a research based on a common methodology survey, in order toobtain a general review on an established issue, which was demonstrated and confirmed to beeffective and its recognizes the performance in an emblematic bank for the Romanian bankingindustry.

Doini?a Simona Badiu Popa

2011-06-01

174

Sickness absence associated with shared and open-plan offices - a national cross sectional questionnaire survey  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective The aim of this study was to examine whether shared and open-plan offices are associated with more days of sickness absence than cellular offices. Methods The analysis was based on a national survey of Danish inhabitants between 18–59 years of age (response rate 62%), and the study population consisted of the 2403 employees that reported working in offices. The different types of offices were characterized according to self-reported number of occupants in the space. The log-linear Poisson model was used to model the number of self-reported sickness absence days depending on the type of office; the analysis was adjusted for age, gender, socioeconomic status, body mass index, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, and physical activity during leisure time. Results Sickness absence was significantly related to having a greater number of occupants in the office (P6 persons) had 62% more days of sickness absence (RR 1.62, 95% CI 1.30–2.02). Conclusion Occupants sharing an office and occupants in open-plan offices (>6 occupants) had significantly more days of sickness absence than occupants in cellular offices.

Pejtersen, Jan; Feveile, H

2011-01-01

175

Questionnaire survey on urban and peri-urban livestock farming practices and disease control in Kisumu municipality, Kenya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To characterise the urban livestock keeping practices and constraints in Kisumu municipality, Kenya, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Thirty-four contact farmers were interviewed on general farm characteristics and production constraints. The farming activities were categorised as either livestock only (41 %, or mixed crops and livestock (59 %. The surveyed farmers kept mainly cattle (100 %, chickens (82 % and goats (74 %. Most (94 %of the farmers had kept livestock for prolonged periods mainly for income generation (97 % and domestic consumption (59 %. These data show that livestock keeping was popular and could be harnessed to increase food security, although the farmers kept mainly low-producing indigenous cattle (98 % which were grazed on unutilised land. The main production constraints mentioned by farmers included diseases (100 %, poor fertility (68 % and lack of feed (56 %. The diseases varied with species of ruminants and included lumpy skin disease (71 %, diarrhoea (65 % and helminthosis (62 %. The source of advice on management and treatment of the livestock was almost equally from private and government veterinary personnel. To improve livestock productivity, it is recommended that key stakeholders address the constraints mentioned in this study and in particular that the occurrence of diseases should be investigated with a view to developing sustainable control strategies.

P.W.N. Kanyari

2012-05-01

176

Questionnaire survey on urban and peri-urban livestock farming practices and disease control in Kisumu municipality, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english To characterise the urban livestock keeping practices and constraints in Kisumu municipality, Kenya, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Thirty-four contact farmers were interviewed on general farm characteristics and production constraints. The farming activities were categorised as either live [...] stock only (41 %), or mixed crops and livestock (59 %). The surveyed farmers kept mainly cattle (100 %), chickens (82 %) and goats (74 %). Most (94 %) of the farmers had kept livestock for prolonged periods mainly for income generation (97 %) and domestic consumption (59 %). These data show that livestock keeping was popular and could be harnessed to increase food security, although the farmers kept mainly low-producing indigenous cattle (98 %) which were grazed on unutilised land. The main production constraints mentioned by farmers included diseases (100 %), poor fertility (68 %) and lack of feed (56 %). The diseases varied with species of ruminants and included lumpy skin disease (71 %), diarrhoea (65 %) and helminthosis (62 %). The source of advice on management and treatment of the livestock was almost equally from private and government veterinary personnel. To improve livestock productivity, it is recommended that key stakeholders address the constraints mentioned in this study and in particular that the occurrence of diseases should be investigated with a view to developing sustainable control strategies.

J M, Kagira; P W N, Kanyari.

177

A questionnaire survey of the management and use of anthelmintics in cattle and antelope in mixed farming systems in Zimbabwe  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey of the management of mixed farming of cattle and antelope and use of anthelmintics was conducted on eleven farms between August and December 1999 by a self-administered questionnaire. Seventeen antelope species ranging from grey duikers (Sylvicapra grimmia to eland (Taurotragus oryx occurred on the farms. Impala (Aepyceros melampus was the most abundant antelope on the farms. Seventy-five per cent of the antelope species on the farms were grazers and mixed feeders and shared grazing with cattle. Most farmers (n =8 did not consider the stocking density for cattle and antelope as an important management factor. Fifty-four per cent of the farmers (n = 6 routinely dewormed both cattle and antelopes. Albendazole and fenbendazole were the most commonly used drugs for deworming cattle (72.7 % and antelope species (54.5 %. The deworming of antelope was carried out during the dry season, using albendazole-, fenbendazole-and rafoxanide-medicated supplementary feed blocks. Doramectin injections were given to antelopes on two farms. Cattle were dewormed preventively and according to the general body condition of the animal. Few farmers (n = 4 followed the recommended deworming programme for cattle in Zimbabwe and only one farmer followed a specified dosing programme for game. However, results from the survey on the deworming of game indicate that farmers perceived helminth infections in antelope to be important.

O. Madzingira

2012-07-01

178

A survey of patients' attitudes to clinical research.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Every year hundreds of patients voluntarily participate in clinical trials across Ireland. However, little research has been done as to how patients find the experience. This survey was conducted in an attempt to ascertain clinical trial participants\\' views on their experience of participating in a clinical trial and to see and how clinical trial participation can be improved. One hundred and sixty-six clinical trial participants who had recently completed a global phase IV cardiovascular endpoint clinical trial were sent a 3-page questionnaire. Ninety-one (91%) respondents found the experience of participating in a clinical trial a good one with 85 (84.16%) respondents saying they would recommend participating in a clinical trial to a friend or relative and eighty-five (87.63%) respondents feeling they received better healthcare because they had participated in a clinical trial.

Desmond, A

2011-04-01

179

Socio-demographic factors influencing Preventive Dental Behaviours in an Adult Dentate population: A questionnaire based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Good oral health can be achieved by preventive dental behaviours such as regular dental visits as well as practising adequate selfcare by means of proper and frequent tooth brushing methods. OBJECTIVES: To correlate the influence of socio-economic parameters (occupation, education and income according to modified Kuppuswamy's scale on preventive dental behaviours such as frequency of dental visits and tooth brushing with paste. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire based cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the influence of socio- economic status on Dental visits and frequency of tooth brushing in patients visiting the O.P.D ( Out Patient Department at I.T.S Dental College, Greater Noida. A total of 327 patients from 18 to 74 years were included from both the genders. A fifteen item closed ended questionnaire was prepared, which had information regarding the Chief complaint along with Age, Gender, Socioeconomic Status, intervals of dental visits and frequency of brushing. Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic classification, which includes monthly income, education level and occupation, was used to classify the socioeconomic status (SES of the patients. RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference reported between various levels of education, socio-economic status and gender when correlated with the frequency of dental visits. However, the results show that with increase in the level of education and socio-economic status the frequency of tooth brushing was positively correlated. CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that groups with low education and socio-economic status are important targets to enhance dental preventive behaviours.

Sachit Anand Arora

2011-07-01

180

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain in 2010 among 10-12?year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit modelling. Results Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children’s soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents’ financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.419 of children’s sports activities. Children’s pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034 of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents did not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen Jørgen

2012-11-01

 
 
 
 
181

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12 year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children's soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods: Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) in 2010 among 10-12 year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit) modelling. Results: Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children's soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents' financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.4159) of children's sports activities. Children's pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034) of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents doid not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions: We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen, JØrgen Dejgård; Bere, Elling

2012-01-01

182

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Nhu Nguyen

2006-12-01

183

Validation of the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey screening questionnaire for use in epidemiologic studies for adult asthma  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Standardized questionnaire is one of key instruments for general population surveys. Objective The present study aimed to develop and validate the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) screening questionnaire for adult asthma surveys. Methods The ECRHS screening questionnaire was translated into Korean language according to the international criteria. Study participants were prospectively recruited from six referral hospitals and one health check-up center. Comprehensibility of the translation was tested in a pilot study of 10 patients. The reliability was evaluated by internal consistency and test-retest repeatability. Validity was assess with regard to physician-diagnosed asthma. Results A total of 100 adult asthma patients and 134 volunteers were recruited. Reliability was examined for 10 items in 100 asthmatics; Cronbach ? coefficients were 0.84, and test-retest repeatability was good (Cohen ? coefficient, 0.71-1.00). Validity was assessed for 8 items in 234 participants; in particular, 'recent wheeze' showed a high sensitivity (0.89) for physician-diagnosed asthma. 'Recent asthma attack' and 'current asthma medication' showed high specificity (0.96-0.98). Conclusion The present study demonstrated that the Korean version of the ECRHS screening questionnaire was comprehensible, reliable and valid. We suggest the questionnaire to be utilized in further epidemiological studies for asthma in Korean adult populations. PMID:25653917

Song, Woo-Jung; Lee, So-Hee; Kang, Min-Gyu; Kim, Ju-Young; Kim, Mi-Young; Jo, Eun-Jung; Lee, Suh-Young; Lee, Seung-Eun; Kim, Min-Hye; Yang, Min-Suk; Kim, Sae-Hoon; Kang, Hye-Ryun; Park, Hye-Kyung; Park, Heung-Woo; Chang, Yoon-Seok; Kim, Sun-Sin; Lee, Jong-Myung; Min, Kyung-Up

2015-01-01

184

Subjective discomfort in children receiving 3?T MRI and experienced adults’ perspective on children’s tolerability of 7?T: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To explore the possible discomfort perceived by children participating in 7?T MRI research, and the age range in which children are most likely to tolerate it well. Design A cross-sectional survey using age-appropriate questionnaires containing six measures of subjective discomfort (general discomfort, dizziness, noisiness, claustrophobia and feeling of cold or warm). Setting For children, 3?T clinical scanner in a tertiary referral teaching hospital; for adults, 3 and 7?T scanner in a university research building. Participants Non-sedated children and young people under 18?years of age who underwent 3?T clinical MRI for brain or musculoskeletal scans and adult volunteers attending 7?T with or without 3?T for brain scans. Results 83% (89/107) of involved individuals returned questionnaires. The most common discomfort among 31 children receiving 3?T MRI was noisiness (39%), followed by cold (19%), general discomfort (16%), dizziness (13%) and claustrophobia (10%). The noise was reported more frequently in children younger than 12?years than those older (p=0.021). The most common discomfort for 58 adults receiving 7?T MRI was noisiness (43%). In adults, there was a higher frequency of general discomfort during 7 than 3?T scans (p=0.031). More than 85% of adult respondents thought children aged 12–17?years would tolerate 7?T scans well, but only 35% and 15% thought children aged 10–11 and 8–9?years, respectively, would. Conclusions Noisiness was the most common discomfort across all ages in 3 and 7?T scanners. Although general discomfort was more common during 7 than 3?T scans in adults, most adults thought children aged 12?years or more would tolerate 7?T MRI well. Cautious enrolment of children in 7?T MRI study is warranted, but until there is more evidence of how well those aged 12?years or more tolerate 7?T MRI, we would caution against enrolling younger children. PMID:25320001

Chou, I-Jun; Tench, Christopher R; Gowland, Penny; Jaspan, Tim; Dineen, Rob A; Evangelou, Nikos; Abdel-Fahim, Rasha; Whitehouse, William P; Constantinescu, Cris S

2014-01-01

185

The Generic Short Patient Experiences Questionnaire (GS-PEQ): identification of core items from a survey in Norway  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Questionnaires are commonly used to collect patient, or user, experiences with health care encounters; however, their adaption to specific target groups limits comparison between groups. We present the construction of a generic questionnaire (maximum of ten questions) for user evaluation across a range of health care services. Methods Based on previous testing of six group-specific questionnaires, we first constructed a generic questionnaire ...

Olsen Rolf; Bjertnaes Oyvind A; Sjetne Ingeborg; Iversen Hilde; Bukholm Geir

2011-01-01

186

Cross?cultural adaptation of a tobacco questionnaire for Punjabi, Cantonese, Urdu and Sylheti speakers: qualitative research for better clinical practice, cessation services and research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: To develop cross-culturally valid and comparable questionnaires for use in clinical practice, tobacco cessation services and multiethnic surveys on tobacco use. Methods: Key questions in Urdu, Cantonese, Punjabi and Sylheti on tobacco use were compiled from the best existing surveys. Additional items were translated by bilingual coworkers. In one-to-one and group consultations, lay members of the Pakistani, Chinese, Indian Sikh and Bangladeshi communities assessed the appropriatene...

Hanna, L.; Hunt, S.; Bhopal, Raj

2006-01-01

187

RCUK User Satisfaction Survey 2012 Final Report - Research ...  

Skills. Becoming a Researcher and Developing a Research Career ... RCUK \\User Satisfaction Survey 2012 Final Report ... a bi-annual survey of users – to \\determine and understand the extent to which user needs ... Other useful \\information.

188

FOCUS-GROUP AND ITS IMPACT IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF MARKETING RESEARCH ON THE ROMANIAN CAR MARKET  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Designing a questionnaire is the most profound activity which makes an impact on a research in marketing. The investigation instrument finally determines the quality of this type of research. Never will a market research be able to exceed its questionnaire in point of quality. The present contribution succinctly itemizes a research project for the Romanian car market, emphasizing the importance of focus group, and appends, at the end, the concrete result, applied to the Romanian car market. The first part describes the hypotheses and sets out the objectives of the research, focusing on the market leader, i.e. Automobile Dacia Renault. The second section describes the practical process of designing the questionnaire, with a special stress laid on the impact of focus-group in the final version. The synthesis of focus group is materialized through a number of final remarks on the manner of concretely writing the questionnaire, which was put to practical use on the Romanian car market.

MANEA Constantin

2010-12-01

189

The use of paediatric artemisinin combinations in sub-Saharan Africa: a snapshot questionnaire survey of health care personnel  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Paediatric drug formulations for artemisinin combination therapy (P-ACT have been developed over the past few years and have been shown to improve the therapeutic management of young children with uncomplicated falciparum malaria. This process was however not equally paralleled by a timely adoption of P-ACT in national and international treatment recommendations. National malaria programmes in sub-Saharan Africa have not yet widely embraced this new therapeutic tool. To which extent P-ACT is used in the field in sub-Saharan Africa is not known to date. Methods This snapshot questionnaire survey aimed to provide an overview on the current routine practices for the availability and use of P-ACT as anti-malarial treatment for young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Health care personnel in seven countries in West-, Central, and East-Africa were invited to answer a structured questionnaire assessing use and availability of P-ACT. Results A total of 71 respondents including doctors, nurses and pharmacy personnel responsible for the anti-malarial treatment of young children were interviewed. P-ACT was used by 83% (95% confidence interval: 73-90%; n = 59 as first-line treatment for young children. Use of 15 different P-ACT products was reported among which only two have received WHO prequalification status and approval by a stringent registration authority. Use of a specific P-ACT product was not linked to consumer prices or availability of supporting clinical trial data, but may depend more on the marketing capacity of the manufacturer. Major differences in frequency and dosing of anti-malarial regimens with identical anti-malarial compounds and the marketing of loose combinations were recorded. Conclusion Paediatric ACT is widely used for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in young children. However, the majority of P-ACT formulations in use do not meet highest international quality standards evoking concerns for patients' safety and the induction of drug resistance. Improving the quality of currently marketed P-ACT should constitute a public health priority besides their adoption into official treatment recommendations.

Agnandji Selidji T

2011-12-01

190

Attitude of Physicians towards the Follow-up of Renal Transplant Patients: A Questionnaire Survey in Saudi Arabia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The goal of this study was to evaluate the attitude of the physicians towards the follow-up of the renal transplant patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. We sent a questionnaire to 168 physicians working in 148 active dialysis centers in the KSA. The study was conducted from June-October 2005. There were 140 physicians (83.3% who answered the questionnaire; they represented 136 (91.9% dialysis centers. There were 43 (31.2% respondents who had a transplant clinic for follow-up of transplant recipients. Of the 96 (69.1% who did not have a clinic, 29 (30.2% claimed expertise for follow-up of transplant recipients, six (6.2% had a laboratory set-up to monitor the immunosuppressive drug levels and 40 (44.4% felt the need for one. There were 121 (89% respondents who would consider the chronic renal failure (CRF patients for transplantation because it is the best form of therapy. Seventy-seven respondents (55% had a protocol for work-up of the CRF patients for transplantation, 31 (22.3% had a coordinator for the work-up of the transplant candidates, 34 (24.5% had regular meetings to decide on the waiting list for transplantation, and 51 (37.8% had affiliation with, or worked at a transplant center. Nevertheless, 127 (90.7% respondents believed that the results of renal transplantation were good enough to recommend the procedure to all patients as early as possible. There were 133 (97.1% respondents who believed that organ shortage was the major factor for the low percentage of renal transplantation. Only 52 (37.1% respondents knew about the recent regulations established by the World Health Organization (WHO for organ donation. There were 63 (48.1% respondents who believed that seeking commercial renal transplantation outside the KSA to be unacceptable because of the medical and ethical complications involved. Many respondents (71.4% from non-MOH hospitals, and those who had transplant clinics believed that the tacrolimus + mycophenolate combination was the most popular immunosuppressive regimen for renal transplant patients. Our survey suggests that the current practices concerning the work-up and follow-up of transplant patients in the dialysis centers in the KSA require refinement in terms of the need to enforce the use of a protocol to guide evaluation and therapy in each dialysis unit.

Souqiyyeh Muhammad

2006-01-01

191

Identification of potential participant scientists and development of procedures for a national inventory of selected biological monitoring programs: a mail questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Procedural details of how the National Biological Monitoring Inventory was conducted are described. Results of a nationwide telephone campaign to identify principal investigators and also of a nationwide questionnaire mailing to the investigators identified are presented. On the basis of percentage of questionnaire returns (nearly 50 percent), the Inventory was judged to be successful. The communication procedures, guidelines, and formats developed may be useful to others engaged in this type of research

192

Identification of potential participant scientists and development of procedures for a national inventory of selected biological monitoring programs: a mail questionnaire survey  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Procedural details of how the National Biological Monitoring Inventory was conducted are described. Results of a nationwide telephone campaign to identify principal investigators and also of a nationwide questionnaire mailing to the investigators identified are presented. On the basis of percentage of questionnaire returns (nearly 50 percent), the Inventory was judged to be successful. The communication procedures, guidelines, and formats developed may be useful to others engaged in this type of research.

Kemp, H.T.; Goff, F.G.; Ross, J.W.

1978-03-01

193

Surrogate endpoints for overall survival in digestive oncology trials: which candidates? A questionnaires survey among clinicians and methodologists  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Overall survival (OS is the gold standard for the demonstration of a clinical benefit in cancer trials. Replacement of OS by a surrogate endpoint allows to reduce trial duration. To date, few surrogate endpoints have been validated in digestive oncology. The aim of this study was to draw up an ordered list of potential surrogate endpoints for OS in digestive cancer trials, by way of a survey among clinicians and methodologists. Secondary objective was to obtain their opinion on surrogacy and quality of life (QoL. Methods In 2007 and 2008, self administered sequential questionnaires were sent to a panel of French clinicians and methodologists involved in the conduct of cancer clinical trials. In the first questionnaire, panellists were asked to choose the most important characteristics defining a surrogate among six proposals, to give advantages and drawbacks of the surrogates, and to answer questions about their validation and use. Then they had to suggest potential surrogate endpoints for OS in each of the following tumour sites: oesophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, biliary tract, lymphoma, colon, rectum, and anus. They finally gave their opinion on QoL as surrogate endpoint. In the second questionnaire, they had to classify the previously proposed candidate surrogates from the most (position #1 to the least relevant in their opinion. Frequency at which the endpoints were chosen as first, second or third most relevant surrogates was calculated and served as final ranking. Results Response rate was 30% (24/80 in the first round and 20% (16/80 in the second one. Participants highlighted key points concerning surrogacy. In particular, they reminded that a surrogate endpoint is expected to predict clinical benefit in a well-defined therapeutic situation. Half of them thought it was not relevant to study QoL as surrogate for OS. DFS, in the neoadjuvant settings or early stages, and PFS, in the non operable or metastatic settings, were ranked first, with a frequency of more than 69% in 20 out of 22 settings. PFS was proposed in association with QoL in metastatic primary liver and stomach cancers (both 81%. This composite endpoint was ranked second in metastatic oesophageal (69%, colorectal (56% and anal (56% cancers, whereas QoL alone was also suggested in most metastatic situations. Other endpoints frequently suggested were R0 resection in the neoadjuvant settings (oesophagus (69%, stomach (56%, pancreas (75% and biliary tract (63% and response. An unexpected endpoint was metastatic PFS in non operable oesophageal (31% and pancreatic (44% cancers. Quality and results of surgical procedures like sphincter preservation were also cited as eligible surrogate endpoints in rectal (19% and anal (50% in case of localized disease cancers. Except for alpha-FP kinetic in hepatocellular carcinoma (13% and CA19-9 decline (6% in pancreas, few endpoints based on biological or tumour markers were proposed. Conclusion The overall results should help prioritise the endpoints to be statistically evaluated as surrogate for OS, so that trialists and clinicians can rely on endpoints that ensure relevant clinical benefit to the patient.

Bonnetain Franck

2010-06-01

194

A review and evaluation of the Langley Research Center's scientific and technical information program. Results of phase 1: Knowledge and attitudes survey, LaRC research personnel  

Science.gov (United States)

The effectiveness of the Langley STI program was assessed using feedback obtained from Langley engineers and scientists. A survey research procedure was conducted in two stages. Personal interviews with 64 randomly selected Langley engineers and scientists were used to obtain information for questionnaire development. Data were then collected by means of the questionnaire which covered various aspects of the Langley STI program, utilized both open and closed ended questions and was pretested for finalization. The questions were organized around the six objectives for Phase 1. The completed questionnaires were analyzed. From the analysis of the data, recommendations were made for improving the Langley STI program.

Pinelli, T. E.; Glassman, M.; Cross, E. M.

1980-01-01

195

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), ri [...] vers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Edwin, Ogendi; Naomi, Maina; John, Kagira; Maina, Ngotho; Gabriel, Mbugua; Simon, Karanja.

196

Treatment of Hypophosphatemic Rickets with Phosphate and Active Vitamin D in Japan: A Questionnaire-based Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets represented by X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is a rare disorder characterized by hypophosphatemia, elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and undermineralization of bone. Active vitamin D and phosphate are administered to correct hypophosphatemia and elevation of ALP. Overtreatment with phosphate leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism, and a large dose of active vitamin D has a risk of hypercalciuria. To understand the situation concerning treatment of patients with hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets in Japan, we conducted a questionnaire survey of pediatric endocrinologists. Answers were obtained from 53 out of 68 hospitals where the pediatric endocrinologists worked. One hundred and thirty-five patients were treated in 28 hospitals during November 2009 and May 2010; 126 patients suffered from hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets, and 9 had hypophosphatemia caused by other miscellaneous reasons. The distribution of patient age was as follows: 27 (21%) were between 6 mo and 6?yr of age, 39 (31%) were between 6 and 12?yr of age, and 60 (48%) were more than 12?yr of age. Active vitamin D was given to 123 patients, and phosphate was given to 106 patients. As for the dose of phosphorus, 37.2-58.1?mg/kg/d was given divided into 2 to 6 aliquots. There were various control targets of treatment, including serum phosphate, serum ALP, rachitic change, urinary Ca/Cr, parathyroid hormone and growth. It is very important to avoid side effects of these treatments. No evidence is available about the optimal dose of phosphate or number of administrations in the treatment of patients with hypophosphatemic rickets. Although there is a recommendation for clinical management of patients with hypophosphatemic rickets, we should set a clinical guideline for it in Japan. PMID:23966755

Fujiwara, Makoto; Namba, Noriyuki; Ozono, Keiichi; Arisaka, Osamu; Yokoya, Susumu

2013-01-01

197

Why German farmers have their animals vaccinated against Bluetongue virus serotype 8: results of a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

In response to the Bluetongue disease epidemic in 2006-2007, Germany started in 2008 a country-wide mandatory vaccination campaign. By 2009 the number of new outbreaks had decreased so that vaccination became voluntary in 2010. We conducted a questionnaire survey in cattle and sheep farms in three German federal states, namely North-Rhine Westphalia, Rhineland Palatinate and Saxony-Anhalt to estimate the vaccination uptake in 2010, the intention to vaccinate in 2011 and the main determinants of refusal or acceptance to do so. The results showed that 42.8% (40.6-45.1) of the cattle farmers and 33.8% (31.8-35.8) of the sheep farmers had their animals vaccinated in 2010, whereas 40.7% (38.5-43.0) of cattle and 37.93% (35.8-40.1) sheep farmers expressed their intention to vaccinate in 2011. The main reasons mentioned for having animals vaccinated against BTV-8 were ability to export animals, prevention of production losses, subsidized vaccination, and recommendation by the veterinarian. Motives for refusing vaccination were presumed low risk of infection, costs, absence of clinical BT symptoms, presumed negative cost-benefit ratio, and negative experience with previous vaccination events (side effects). We assume that in order to increase farmers' motivation to have their animals immunized against BTV-8, (1) the vaccination needs to be subsidized, (2) combined vaccines with several different BT serotypes or even other diseases should be available and (3) farmers need to be better informed about the safety and benefit of vaccination. PMID:25454856

Gethmann, J; Zilow, V; Probst, C; Elbers, A R W; Conraths, F J

2015-01-01

198

The effect of the new GMS contract on GP appointment provision in Wales: postal questionnaire survey of practice managers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Access to health professionals is a key UK NHS priority, and meeting access targets is rewarded through the new General Medical Services (GMS contract in the UK. We sought to determine the current state of appointment provision in Wales and any changes resulting from the need to meet indicators in the new GMS contract. We undertook a postal questionnaire study of practice managers in all general practices in Wales. Findings Valid responses were received from 396/505 (78.4% practice managers. 361 (93.1% practices reported that they had achieved the target for 2004/05. 104 (26% practices reported that they were 100% open access/advanced access. The most frequent changes reported in response to the new GMS contract were offering more open or advanced access slots (237, 60%, more GP phone consultations (167, 42%, introducing a telephone triage system (100, 25%, introducing a minor illness clinic (76, 19%, and employing or training a nurse practitioner (59, 15%. 83% practice managers believed that patients were able to get an appointment at the time they need it either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time', and 70% that patients were able to get an appointment with the GP of choice either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time'. Conclusion This survey has demonstrated the current extent of appointment provision in Wales, and how changes have been driven by incentives. Whether these changes are in the best interests of either patients or doctors, or both, remains to be seen.

Neal Richard D

2008-11-01

199

Use of research questionnaires in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England: impact on screening uptake.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England offers biennial screening to those aged 60-74 using a faecal occult blood test (FOBt) sent by post. Data from this national clinical programme can also be used for research. Awareness of the impact of such studies on screening participation is important. AIMS: To investigate the effect on screening uptake of adding a research questionnaire to the postal screening invitation. METHODS: People invited for screening in 2008-10 in two...

Watson, J.; Shaw, K.; Macgregor, M.; Smith, S.; Halloran, S.; Patnick, J.; Beral, V.; Green, J.

2013-01-01

200

Smoking, respiratory symptoms and likely asthma in young people: evidence from postal questionnaire surveys in the Wythenshawe Community Asthma Project (WYCAP)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Although it is recognised that smoking is a major risk factor for subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is associated with respiratory symptoms, there is less agreement concerning the relationship between asthma and smoking. This study aims to examine the relationship between cigarette smoking and asthma prevalence. Method Data were used from two postal questionnaire surveys (1999 and 2001) in two general practice population...

Linehan Mary; Hazell Michelle; Morris Julie; Frank Peter; Frank Timothy

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Initiation of breastfeeding within 120 minutes after birth is associated with breastfeeding at four months among Japanese women: A self-administered questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the proportion of mothers fully breastfeeding up to four months postpartum. Methods A survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. The participants were 318 mothers who participated in a physical examination of their four month...

Moji Kazuhiko; Nakao Yuko; Honda Sumihisa; Oishi Kazuyo

2008-01-01

202

Validation of the Patient-Doctor-Relationship Questionnaire (PDRQ-9) in a Representative Cross-Sectional German Population Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The patient-doctor relationship (PDR) as perceived by the patient is an important concept in primary care and psychotherapy. The PDR Questionnaire (PDRQ-9) provides a brief measure of the therapeutic aspects of the PDR in primary care.

Zenger, Markus; Schaefert, Rainer; Feltz-cornelis, Christina; Bra?hler, Elmar; Ha?user, Winfried

2014-01-01

203

Reasons for and consequences of missed appointments in general practice in the UK: questionnaire survey and prospective review of medical records  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Missed appointments are a common occurrence in primary care in the UK, yet little is known about the reasons for them, or the consequences of missing an appointment. This paper aims to determine the reasons for missed appointments and whether patients who miss an appointment subsequently consult their general practitioner (GP. Secondary aims are to compare psychological morbidity, and the previous appointments with GPs between subjects and a comparison group. Methods Postal questionnaire survey and prospective medical notes review of adult patients missing an appointment and the comparison group who attended appointments over a three week period in seven general practices in West Yorkshire. Results Of the 386 who missed appointments 122 (32% responded. Of the 386 in the comparison group 223 (58% responded, resulting in 23 case-control matched pairs with complete data collection. Over 40% of individuals who missed an appointment and participated said that they forgot the appointment and a quarter said that they tried very hard to cancel the appointment or that it was at an inconvenient time. A fifth reported family commitments or being too ill to attend. Over 90% of the patients who missed an appointment subsequently consulted within three months and of these nearly 60% consulted for the stated problem that was going to be presented in the missed consultation. The odds of missing an appointment decreased with increasing age and were greater among those who had missed at least one appointment in the previous 12 months. However, estimates for comparisons between those who missed appointments and the comparison group were imprecise due to the low response rate. Conclusion Patients who miss appointments tend to cite practice factors and their own forgetfulness as the main reasons for doing so, and most attend within three months of a missed appointment. This study highlights a number of implications for future research. More work needs to be done to engage people who miss appointments into research in a meaningful way.

Lawlor Debbie A

2005-11-01

204

Quality of life and discriminating power of two questionnaires in fibromyalgia patients: fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey A qualidade de vida e o poder de discriminação de dois questionários em pacientes com fibromialgia: fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire e Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a painful syndrome characterized by widespread chronic pain and associated symptoms with a negative impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: Considering the subjectivity of quality of life measurements, the aim of this study was to verify the discriminating power of two quality of life questionnaires in patients with fibromyalgia: the generic Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 and the specific Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 participants divided into Fibromyalgia Group (FG and Control Group (CG (n=75 in each group. The participants were evaluated using the SF-36 and the FIQ. The data were analyzed by the Student t-test (?=0.05 and inferential analysis using the Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC Curve - sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC. The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: The sample was similar for age (CG: 47.8±8.1; FG: 47.0±7.7 years. A significant difference was observed in quality of life assessment in all aspects of both questionnaires (pCONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A fibromialgia é uma síndrome dolorosa caracterizada por dor espalhada e crônica e sintomas associados com um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida. OBJETIVOS: Considerando a subjetividade da mensuração de qualidade de vida, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o poder de discriminação de dois questionários que avaliam a qualidade de vida de pacientes com fibromialgia: o genérico Medical Short Form Healthy Survey (SF-36 e o específico Questionário do Impacto da Fibromialgia (QIF. MÉTODOS: Foi conduzido um estudo transversal com 150 indivíduos, divididos em dois grupos: grupo fibromialgia (FM e grupo controle (GC (n=75 em ambos. Os pacientes foram avaliados pelo SF-36 e pelo QIF. Na análise dos dados, utilizou-se o teste "t de Student" com ?=0,05 e a Curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristics Curve. RESULTADOS: As amostras foram estatisticamente semelhantes para a idade - 47,8 (8,1 no GC e 47,0 (7,7 no FM - e estatisticamente diferentes em todos os aspectos dos dois questionários (SF-36 e QIF. Alta sensibilidade, especificidade e área abaixo da curva (AUC foram obtidas com o QIF (96%, 96%, 0,985 respectivamente, seguido pelo SF-36 (88%, 89% e 0,948 AUC. CONCLUSÃO: O QIF mostrou-se mais discriminativo do que o SF-36 para avaliar a qualidade de vida de fibromiálgicos. No entanto, o SF-36 é também um bom instrumento de avaliação e sugere-se que ambos sejam usados uma vez que avaliam aspectos relevantes e complementares da qualidade de vida.

Ana Assumpção

2010-08-01

205

Current status of postoperative follow-up for lung cancer in Japan. Questionnaire survey by the Setouchi Lung Cancer Study Group-A0901  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is no recommended standard follow-up program after resection for lung cancer. Under these circumstances, each doctor establishes his or her own follow-up protocol. This questionnaire survey was conducted to grasp the current status of postoperative follow-up in Japan. The questionnaire survey was aimed at determining what examinations were performed and at what frequencies in the setting of postoperative follow-up. Based on these results, examinations performed at a frequency of >50% and the time points after resection at which they were performed were selected and presented as components of an average follow-up program. Questionnaires were sent to 44 institutions, and 26 doctors responded to the questionnaire. All 26 of the doctors performed physical examinations, blood examinations, chest radiography, and computed tomography (CT) routinely, but their frequencies varied widely among the doctors. The average frequencies of the follow-up examinations as judged from this survey are as follows: Physical and blood examinations are performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and twice a year during the next 2 years. CT is scheduled at 6 and 12 months after resection and is repeated annually thereafter. Chest radiography is performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and once a year thereafter, between the CT examinations. The follow-up programs used in clinical practice vary widely among institutions and doctors in terms of the types of ions and doctors in terms of the types of examination performed and the frequencies at which they are performed. (author)

206

Attitude of Physicians towards the Follow-up of Renal Transplant Patients: A Questionnaire Survey in Saudi Arabia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this study was to evaluate the attitude of the physicians towards the follow-up of the renal transplant patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). We sent a questionnaire to 168 physicians working in 148 active dialysis centers in the KSA. The study was conducted from June-October 2005. There were 140 physicians (83.3%) who answered the questionnaire; they represented 136 (91.9%) dialysis centers. There were 43 (31.2%) respondents who had a transplant clin...

Souqiyyeh Muhammad; Shaheen Faissal

2006-01-01

207

Evidence-informed health policy 2 – Survey of organizations that support the use of research evidence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous surveys of organizations that support the development of evidence-informed health policies have focused on organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs or undertake health technology assessments (HTAs. Only rarely have surveys focused at least in part on units that directly support the use of research evidence in developing health policy on an international, national, and state or provincial level (i.e., government support units, or GSUs that are in some way successful or innovative or that support the use of research evidence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs. Methods We drew on many people and organizations around the world, including our project reference group, to generate a list of organizations to survey. We modified a questionnaire that had been developed originally by the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation in Europe (AGREE collaboration and adapted one version of the questionnaire for organizations producing CPGs and HTAs, and another for GSUs. We sent the questionnaire by email to 176 organizations and followed up periodically with non-responders by email and telephone. Results We received completed questionnaires from 152 (86% organizations. More than one-half of the organizations (and particularly HTA agencies reported that examples from other countries were helpful in establishing their organization. A higher proportion of GSUs than CPG- or HTA-producing organizations involved target users in the selection of topics or the services undertaken. Most organizations have few (five or fewer full-time equivalent (FTE staff. More than four-fifths of organizations reported providing panels with or using systematic reviews. GSUs tended to use a wide variety of explicit valuation processes for the research evidence, but none with the frequency that organizations producing CPGs, HTAs, or both prioritized evidence by its quality. Between one-half and two-thirds of organizations do not collect data systematically about uptake, and roughly the same proportions do not systematically evaluate their usefulness or impact in other ways. Conclusion The findings from our survey, the most broadly based of its kind, both extend or clarify the applicability of the messages arising from previous surveys and related documentary analyses, such as how the 'principles of evidence-based medicine dominate current guideline programs' and the importance of collaborating with other organizations. The survey also provides a description of the history, structure, processes, outputs, and perceived strengths and weaknesses of existing organizations from which those establishing or leading similar organizations can draw.

Oxman Andrew D

2008-12-01

208

Construct Validation of Physical Activity Surveys in Culturally Diverse Older Adults: A Comparison of Four Commonly Used Questionnaires  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to establish validity evidence of four physical activity (PA) questionnaires in culturally diverse older adults by comparing self-report PA with performance-based physical function. Participants were 54 older adults who completed the Continuous Scale Physical Functional Performance 10-item Test (CS-PFP10), Physical…

Moore, Delilah S.; Ellis, Rebecca; Allen, Priscilla D.; Cherry, Katie E.; Monroe, Pamela A.; O'Neil, Carol E.; Wood, Robert H.

2008-01-01

209

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1996  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1996; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (M.N.)

210

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1997; `a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies`, `survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations`, `works in radioactive data center`, `fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey`, `workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring` and `survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure`. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1998-12-01

211

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1996; `a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies`, `survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations`, `works in radioactive data center`, `fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey`, `workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring` and `survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure`. (M.N.)

NONE

1997-12-01

212

Smoking, respiratory symptoms and likely asthma in young people: evidence from postal questionnaire surveys in the Wythenshawe Community Asthma Project (WYCAP  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although it is recognised that smoking is a major risk factor for subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is associated with respiratory symptoms, there is less agreement concerning the relationship between asthma and smoking. This study aims to examine the relationship between cigarette smoking and asthma prevalence. Method Data were used from two postal questionnaire surveys (1999 and 2001 in two general practice populations, using a respiratory questionnaire based on the ECRHQ and a generic quality of life questionnaire (EQ-5D. Only subjects less than 45 years old were included in the survey. An empirical definition of likely asthma was used based on respiratory questionnaire responses. Smoking was examined according to three categories, current smoker, ex smoker and never smoker. Results Almost 3500 subjects were included in the analyses. Current smokers had a higher prevalence of likely asthma compared to never smokers, odds ratio (OR 1.59 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.24 to 2.04. and also compared to ex smokers OR 1.79 (CI 1.25 to 2.56, but there was no difference between ex smokers and never smokers (OR 1.00 (0.75–1.35. Current smoking was also positively associated with all symptoms but not with a history of hayfever/eczema. Conclusion Although the positive association found between current smoking and obstructive airways disease is likely to be due to the effect of cigarettes on asthma, it could reflect an association with early COPD (GOLD stages 0 or 1. Smoking cessation has a beneficial effect on the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and is therefore of paramount importance among these young adults.

Linehan Mary

2006-05-01

213

The effect of the new GMS contract on GP appointment provision in Wales: postal questionnaire survey of practice managers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Access to health professionals is a key UK NHS priority, and meeting access targets is rewarded through the new General Medical Services (GMS) contract in the UK. We sought to determine the current state of appointment provision in Wales and any changes resulting from the need to meet indicators in the new GMS contract. We undertook a postal questionnaire study of practice managers in all general practices in Wales. Findings Valid responses w...

Neal Richard D; Edwards Andrea

2008-01-01

214

Study of the questionnaire of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) teaching staff, using students opinion survey. Statistical treatment  

Science.gov (United States)

Quality improvement of university institutions represents the most important challenge in the next years, and the potential tool to achieve it is based on the institutional evaluation in general, and specially the evaluation of the teaching performance. The opinion questionnaire from the students is the most generalised tool used to evaluate the teaching performance at Spanish universities. The general objective of this thesis is to develop a statistical methodology suitable to extract, analyse and interpret the information contained in the Questionnaire of Teaching Evaluation from Student Opinion (CEDA) of the UPV, aimed at optimising its practical use. The study is centred in the application of different multivariate techniques and has been structured in three parts: (1) Evaluation of the reliability, validity and dimensionality of the tool. The multivariate method used for this purpose is the Factorial Analysis. (2) Determination of the capacity of the questionnaire to identify different profiles of lecturers based on the quality perceived by students. This target is conducted with different multivariate classification techniques: hierarchical cluster analysis, non-hierarchical and two-stage analysis. Moreover, those items that best discriminate among the teaching typologies obtained are identified in the questionnaire. (3) Identification of the teaching typologies according to different descriptive characteristics referent to the subject and lecturer, with the use of decision trees. Once identified these typologies, a new discriminant analysis is conducted aimed at identifying those items that best characterise each typology. Finally, a study is carried out with the classification method SIMCA (Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy) in order to determine the discriminant loading of every item among the identified teaching typologies, allowing the identification of those that best distinguish the different classes obtained. With the combined use of the proposed techniques, it is expected to optimise the use of CEDA as a measuring tool and an indicator of the teaching quality at the university, that would allow the introduction of actions for the continuous improvement in the teaching processes of the UPV.

Martinez Gomez, Monica

215

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study, who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7 completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5% than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Trampisch Hans J

2007-11-01

216

Questionnaire survey of treatment choice for breast cancer patients with brain metastasis in Japan. Results of a nationwide survey by the task force of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A nationwide survey was performed to investigate the current patterns of care for brain metastasis (BM) from breast cancer in Japan. A total of 351 survey questionnaires were sent to community or academic breast oncologists who were members of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society as of December 2005. The questionnaire consists of 40 multiple choice questions in eight categories. Of 240 institutions sent survey questionnaires, 161 (67.1%) answered; 60% of institutions answered with '<5' patients with BM every year; almost half (83 of 161) screened for BM in asymptomatic patients; surgical resection was rarely performed, as ?75% of institutions (118 of 160 institutions) answered 'none or one case of surgery per year'; 27% (41 of 154) preferred stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) over whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the initial treatment in all cases, although ?70% (100 of 154) of them answered 'depend on cases'. The preference for SRS over WBRT mainly depends on the impressions of breast oncologists about both safety (late normal tissue damage and dementia in WBRT) and efficacy (better local control by SRS). Eighty-one percent (117 of 144) of institutions did not limit the number of SRS sessions as far as technically applicable. SRS is widely used as the first choice for BM from breast cancer in Japan. Considerable numbers of Japanese breast oncologists prefer SRS over WBRT as the initial treatment for BM. A randomized trial comparing SRS and WBRT is warranted. (authoring SRS and WBRT is warranted. (author)

217

Questionnaire discrimination: (re-introducing coefficient ?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Questionnaires are used routinely in clinical research to measure health status and quality of life. Questionnaire measurements are traditionally formally assessed by indices of reliability (the degree of measurement error and validity (the extent to which the questionnaire measures what it is supposed to measure. Neither of these indices assesses the degree to which the questionnaire is able to discriminate between individuals, an important aspect of measurement. This paper introduces and extends an existing index of a questionnaire's ability to distinguish between individuals, that is, the questionnaire's discrimination. Methods Ferguson (1949 1 derived an index of test discrimination, coefficient ?, for psychometric tests with dichotomous (correct/incorrect items. In this paper a general form of the formula, ?G, is derived for the more general class of questionnaires allowing for several response choices. The calculation and characteristics of ?G are then demonstrated using questionnaire data (GHQ-12 from 2003–2004 British Household Panel Survey (N = 14761. Coefficients for reliability (? and discrimination (?G are computed for two commonly-used GHQ-12 coding methods: dichotomous coding and four-point Likert-type coding. Results Both scoring methods were reliable (? > 0.88. However, ?G was substantially lower (0.73 for the dichotomous coding of the GHQ-12 than for the Likert-type method (?G = 0.96, indicating that the dichotomous coding, although reliable, failed to discriminate between individuals. Conclusion Coefficient ?G was shown to have decisive utility in distinguishing between the cross-sectional discrimination of two equally reliable scoring methods. Ferguson's ? has been neglected in discussions of questionnaire design and performance, perhaps because it has not been implemented in software and was restricted to questionnaires with dichotomous items, which are rare in health care research. It is suggested that the more general formula introduced here is reported as ?G, to avoid the implication that items are dichotomously coded.

Hankins Matthew

2007-05-01

218

The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper summarizes the outcomes of the 2009 OCLC Research survey of 275 research libraries in the United States and Canada regarding the current status of their special collections and archives. The resulting report, Taking Our Pulse: The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives, includes detailed analysis of the data and thirteen recommendations for community action. The three most common challenges named by respondents were space, digitization, and born-digital materials....

Dooley, Jackie M.

2011-01-01

219

Safety Culture Assessment Programme. Statistical Analysis of a Survey Conducted at the IEA-R1 Brazilian Research Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper describes the statistical analysis of a survey conducted in September 2002 among the employees of the IEA-R1 Brazilian research reactor to evaluate the current status of the safety culture in this organization. A questionnaire was prepared consisting mainly of statements about safety issues. A total of 34 individuals participated in the survey representing the personnel of the Operation and Maintenance Division, the Irradiation Service Division, as well as the technicians in the Radiation Protection Division. The statistical analysis of the survey was developed into three principal steps. In the first step, descriptive techniques were used to estimate the parameters of the sampling distribution of the responses to each question of the questionnaire. In the second step, the aspects of safety culture to be investigated were defined by grouping these questions into issue areas. The final step of the analysis consisted of the calculation of the employees' satisfaction level regarding the safety culture aspects previously mentioned. (author)

220

Videofluoroscopic assessment of dysphagia: A questionnaire survey of protocols, roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Videofluoroscopy (VF) is the 'gold standard' assessment for oropharyngeal dysphagia and radiographers are beginning to direct this examination independently, yet little is known about the roles and responsibilities of the core professions of radiology and speech and language therapy and their practice in this examination. Aim: To evaluate VF practice and identify the roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to speech and language therapists (SALT) and radiologists via national special interest networks. Information regarding protocols, test materials, supervision, radiation protection and training was obtained. Results: One hundred and thirteen questionnaires were completed, 83% of respondents had more than 5 years service. Most were carrying out VF on an 'ad hoc' basis with only 32% participating in more than 6 assessments per month. There was no consensus on protocol and 41% chose to thicken barium solutions by adding more barium sulphate powder, potentially predisposing patients to complications. Over 50% of SALTs had received one day post-graduate training in VF, whereas, only one radiologist had specific VF training. Conclusion: Despite its importance in determining the feeding route for patients, VF is carried out infrequently by most clinicians and protocols vary widely. Moreover, intra- and inter-disciplinary training and supervision is minimal. More training and supervision is minimal. More work is needed to develop standard guidelines, to improve the quality of the examination and its reproducibility

 
 
 
 
221

Videofluoroscopic assessment of dysphagia: A questionnaire survey of protocols, roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Videofluoroscopy (VF) is the 'gold standard' assessment for oropharyngeal dysphagia and radiographers are beginning to direct this examination independently, yet little is known about the roles and responsibilities of the core professions of radiology and speech and language therapy and their practice in this examination. Aim: To evaluate VF practice and identify the roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to speech and language therapists (SALT) and radiologists via national special interest networks. Information regarding protocols, test materials, supervision, radiation protection and training was obtained. Results: One hundred and thirteen questionnaires were completed, 83% of respondents had more than 5 years service. Most were carrying out VF on an 'ad hoc' basis with only 32% participating in more than 6 assessments per month. There was no consensus on protocol and 41% chose to thicken barium solutions by adding more barium sulphate powder, potentially predisposing patients to complications. Over 50% of SALTs had received one day post-graduate training in VF, whereas, only one radiologist had specific VF training. Conclusion: Despite its importance in determining the feeding route for patients, VF is carried out infrequently by most clinicians and protocols vary widely. Moreover, intra- and inter-disciplinary training and supervision is minimal. More work is needed to develop standard guidelines, to improve the quality of the examination and its reproducibility.

Power, Maxine [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mpower@fs1.ho.man.ac.uk; Laasch, Hans-Ulrich [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Kasthuri, Ram S. [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Nicholson, David A. [Radiology, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom); Hamdy, Shaheen [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)

2006-02-15

222

Mokken scale analysis of mental health and wellbeing questionnaire item responses: a nonparametric IRT method in empirical research for applied health researchers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AbstractBackgroundMokken scaling techniques are a useful tool for researchers who wish to construct unidimensional tests or use questionnaires that comprise multiple binary or polytomous items. The stochastic cumulative scaling model offered by this approach is ideally suited when the intention is to score an underlying latent trait by simple addition of the item response values. In our experience, the Mokken model appears to be less well-known than for example the (related) Rasch model, but ...

Stochl, Jan; Jones, Peter B.; Croudace, Tim J.

2012-01-01

223

Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung city  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality ...

Glen Robert; Sheu Ing-Cheau; Pai Jar-Yuan; Li Ya-Hsin; Lin Deng-Juin; Chou Ming-Jen; Lee Ching-Yi

2009-01-01

224

The Postal Survey as a Research Tool in New Providence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes two postal surveys conducted in New Providence between September 2001 and February 2002. These surveys, using the telephone directory as the sampling frame, were specifically designed to investigate the response rate to postal surveys in New Providence. Each survey included a one-page form sent to 250 persons resulting in a response rate of about 20%. Each survey form contained one question that had also appeared in The Bahamas 2000 census. Overall response to this question differed significantly between the respondents to each survey and the respondents to the Census. These results suggest the presence of sources of bias relevant to the sampling frame, socio-economic status and self-selection. The implications of these results for using the postal survey as a research tool are discussed.

Fielding, William J.

2003-01-01

225

Involvement of consumers in studies run by the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit: Results of a survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We aimed to establish levels of consumer involvement in randomised controlled trials (RCTs, meta-analyses and other studies carried out by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC Clinical Trials Unit across the range of research programs, predominantly in cancer and HIV. Methods Staff responsible for studies that were included in a Unit Progress Report (MRC CTU, April 2009 were asked to complete a semi-structured questionnaire survey regarding consumer involvement. This was defined as active involvement of consumers as partners in the research process and not as subjects of that research. The electronic questionnaires combined open and closed questions, intended to capture quantitative and qualitative information on whether studies had involved consumers; types of activities undertaken; recruitment and support; advantages and disadvantages of involvement and its perceived impact on aspects of the research. Results Between October 2009 and April 2010, 138 completed questionnaires (86% were returned. Studies had been conducted over a 20 year period from 1989, and around half were in cancer; 30% in HIV and 20% were in other disease areas including arthritis, tuberculosis and blood transfusion medicine. Forty-three studies (31% had some consumer involvement, most commonly as members of trial management groups (TMG [88%]. A number of positive impacts on both the research and the researcher were identified. Researchers generally felt involvement was worthwhile and some felt that consumer involvement had improved the credibility of the research. Benefits in design and quality, trial recruitment, dissemination and decision making were also perceived. Researchers felt they learned from consumer involvement, albeit that there were some barriers. Conclusions Whilst most researchers identified benefits of involving consumers, most of studies included in the survey had no involvement. Information from this survey will inform the development of a unit policy on consumer involvement, to guide future research conducted within the MRC Clinical Trials Unit and beyond.

Vale Claire L

2012-01-01

226

The 2005 Survey of Information Systems Research in Australia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As part of a study to investigate the state of Information Systems research in Australia, a survey of the heads of all IS discipline groups in Australian universities was conducted in mid 2005. The study revealed a wide range of topics researched (with rapid growth in Electronic Commerce and Knowledge Management, a range of foci, a balance between positivist and interpretivist research, survey was the most frequently used research method, and most research was directed at informing IS professionals. A SWOT analysis identified the growing importance of industry relevance and collaboration.

Graham Pervan

2006-11-01

227

Developing a survey instrument to assess the readiness of primary care data, genetic and disease registries to conduct linked research: TRANSFoRm International Research Readiness (TIRRE survey instrument  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Clinical data are collected for routine care in family practice; there are also a growing number of genetic and cancer registry data repositories. The Translational Research and Patient Safety in Europe (TRANSFoRm project seeks to facilitate research using linked data from more than one source. We performed a requirements analysis which identified a wide range of data and business process requirements that need to be met before linking primary care and either genetic or disease registry data.Objectives To develop a survey to assess the readiness of data repositories to participate in linked research – the Transform International Research Readiness (TIRRE survey.Method We develop the questionnaire based on our requirement analysis; with questions at micro-, meso- and macro levels of granularity, study-specific questions about diabetes and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD, and research track record. The scope of the data required was extensive. We piloted this instrument, conducting ten preliminary telephone interviews to evaluate the response to the questionnaire.Results Using feedback gained from these interviews we revised the questionnaire; clarifying questions that were difficult to answer and utilising skip logic to create different series of questions for the various types of data repository. We simplified the questionnaire replacing free-text responses with yes/no or picking list options, wherever possible. We placed the final questionnaire online and encouraged its use (www.clininf.eu/jointirre/info.html.Conclusion Limited field testing suggests that TIRRE is capable of collecting comprehensive and relevant data about the suitability and readiness of data repositories to participate in linked data research.

Emily Leppenwell

2013-05-01

228

Validation of a stroke symptom questionnaire for epidemiological surveys / Validação de um questionário de sintomas cerebrovasculares para inquéritos epidemiológicos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A doença cerebrovascular como parte da agenda de saúde pública necessita de instrumentos de vigilância epidemiológica. O objetivo foi validar um questionário para avaliação individual de sintomas de acidente vascular cerebral através do Estudo de Morbidade e Mortalidade no Acide [...] nte Vascular Cerebral (EMMA), São Paulo, Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal realizado em uma amostra de habitantes do Butantã, uma área na zona oeste da cidade de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Em todos os domicílios de área adstrita de uma unidade básica de saúde, moradores com mais de 35 anos responderam questionário de sintomas de acidente vascular cerebral enfocando fraqueza de membros e facial, dificuldade em falar, alteração de sensibilidade e déficit de visão. Foram selecionadas 36 participantes aleatoriamente para exame completo com neurologista (padrão-ouro). RESULTADOS: Considerando todas as questões do questionário, a sensibilidade foi de 72,2%, a especificidade, 94,4% e os valores preditivos foram 92,9% (positivo) e 77,3% (negativo). As razões de verossimilhança foram 12,9 (positiva) e 0,29 (negativa) e o coeficiente kappa obtido foi 0,67. Fraqueza de membros foi o sintoma mais sensível e dificuldade para falar, o mais específico. CONCLUSÃO: O questionário de sintomas cerebrovasculares é um instrumento útil, e pode ser aplicado por entrevistadores treinados com intuito de identificar pacientes que sofreram evento cerebrovascular na comunidade através da estrutura do Programa Saúde da Família. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke is a relevant issue within public health and requires epidemiological surveillance tools. The aim here was to validate a questionnaire for evaluating individuals with stroke symptoms in the Stroke Morbidity and Mortality Study (Estudo de Mortalidade e Morbidade do Acide [...] nte Vascular Cerebral, EMMA), São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study performed among a sample of the inhabitants of Butantã, an area in the western zone of the city of São Paulo. METHODS: For all households in the coverage area of a primary healthcare unit, household members over the age of 35 years answered a stroke symptom questionnaire addressing limb weakness, facial weakness, speech problems, sensory disorders and impaired vision. Thirty-six participants were randomly selected for a complete neurological examination (gold standard). RESULTS: Considering all the questions in the questionnaire, the sensitivity was 72.2%, specificity was 94.4%, positive predictive value was 92.9% and negative predictive value was 77.3%. The positive likelihood ratio was 12.9, the negative likelihood ratio was 0.29 and the kappa coefficient was 0.67. Limb weakness was the most sensitive symptom, and speech problems were the most specific. CONCLUSIONS: The stroke symptom questionnaire is a useful tool and can be applied by trained interviewers with the aim of identifying community-dwelling stroke patients, through the structure of the Family Health Program.

Ivana Makita, Abe; Alessandra Carvalho, Goulart; Waldyr Rodrigues, Santos Júnior; Paulo Andrade, Lotufo; Isabela Martins, Benseñor.

2010-07-01

229

A comparison of the workload of rural and urban primary care physicians in Germany: analysis of a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many western countries are facing an existing or imminent shortage of primary care physicians especially in rural areas. In Germany, working in rural areas is often thought to be associated with more working hours, a higher number of patients and a lower income than working in urban areas. These perceptions might be key reasons for the shortage. The aim of this analysis was to explore if working time, number of treated patients per week or proportion of privately insured patients vary between rural and urban areas in Germany using two different definitions of rurality within a sample of primary care physicians including general practitioners, general internists and paediatricians. Methods This is a secondary analysis of pre-collected data raised by a questionnaire that was sent to a representative random sample of 1500 primary care physicians chosen by data of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians from all federal states in Germany. We employed two different methods of defining rurality; firstly, level of rurality as rated by physicians themselves (urban area, small town, rural area; secondly, rurality defined according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Results This analysis was based upon questionnaire data from 715 physicians. Primary care physicians in single-handed practices in rural areas worked on average four hours more per week than their urban counterparts (p Conclusion Overall this analysis identified few differences between urban and rural primary care physician working conditions. To counter future misdistribution of primary care, students should receive practical experience in rural areas to get more practical knowledge on working conditions.

Szecsenyi Joachim

2011-10-01

230

Using the Internet for Surveys and Health Research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper concerns the use of the Internet in the research process, from identifying research issues through qualitative research, through using the Web for surveys and clinical trials, to pre-publishing and publishing research results. Material published on the Internet may be a valuable resource for researchers desiring to understand people and the social and cultural contexts within which they live outside of experimental settings, with due emphasis on the interpretations, experiences, an...

Eysenbach, Gunther; Wyatt, Jeremy

2002-01-01

231

2010 Recruiting Benchmarks Survey. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Association of Colleges and Employers conducted its annual survey of employer members from June 15, 2010 to August 15, 2010, to benchmark data relevant to college recruiting. From a base of 861 employers holding organizational membership, there were 268 responses for a response rate of 31 percent. Following are some of the major…

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

232

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

233

Assessing poisoning risks related to storage of household hazardous materials: using a focus group to improve a survey questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study area selected was Genesee County, Michigan, near Flint, with data to be collected by a phone survey of residents and through the acquisition of county hospital records containing procedure codes indicating treatment for poison emergencies, and review of...

Keswick David; Smolinske Susan; Kaufman Martin M

2005-01-01

234

Questionnaire based survey of general population to assess their views about disclosure of cancer diagnosis and review of literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To ascertain people's views regarding disclosure of cancer diagnosis and whether they would like to share this information with their family. The study also looked at whether if their parents were diagnosed to be suffering from cancer, would they like this information to be communicated to them. Results: The total number of persons surveyed were 520. Fifteen persons refused to participate in the survey, hence they were excluded and 505 respondents 299 male and 206 female were analyzed. Ages of the respondents were between 18 to 80 years. The study population belonged to different socio-economic groups in the society. Three hundred ninety-one (77.4%) responded positively that they would like to know if they ever suffer from cancer, while 112 (22.1%) said No and 2 (0.39%) said it doesn't matter. Three hundred seventeen (62.7%) wanted their family to be informed while 187 (37.%) said No and the attitude of 1 (0.19%) was Indifferent. One hundred seventy (33.6% responded positively that if their parents were diagnosed to be suffering from cancer they should be told about it, whereas 334 (66.1%) did not wish their parents to be informed and 1 (0.19%) was indecisive. All those who were indifferent were elderly, above the age of seventy yeas. Majority 326 (82.6%) who wanted to know the cancer diagnoses were literate and interestingly 57 (50.8%) who didn't wish to be informed were also literate. Conclusions: Most of the people in the survey 391 (77.4%) wanted to nowle in the survey 391 (77.4%) wanted to now the diagnosis, if they ever suffered from cancer. Again 317 (62.7%) wished this to be disclosed to their family. Only a small percentage 170 (33.6%), wanted to tell the bad news of cancer diagnosis to their parents if they ever suffered. (author)

235

BRIEF ANALYSIS OF A SURVEY ON THE CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY DRINKS IN ITALY  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The methodology followed to conduct the survey was quantitative and random. To conduct the survey research was conducted on motivational revelations through a methodology that refers to the survey done by questionnaire. Preliminary members of the research team have defined and developed the research hypotheses, identified the survey questions and put together the questionnaire to be administered to the sample of consumers. The compiling of the questionnaire has led to questions on the definit...

Lanfranchi, Maurizio; Giannetto, Carlo; Pirnea, Ionela-carmen

2012-01-01

236

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, as a part of the radioactivity survey and research of Science and Technology Agency, the survey of environmental radioactivity level due to the radioactive fallout accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from nuclear facilities and others and the safety analysis of these have been carried out. The radioactivity and dose survey for environment, foods and human bodies, the survey of the level around nuclear facilities, the business of radioactivity data center, the basic investigation for the evaluation of the results of radioactivity survey, the training of environmental radiation monitoring technicians and the investigation and research of the measurement of emergency radiation exposure and countermeasures were carried out. Those results are summarized. (K.I.)

237

Survey of cogeneration: Advanced cogeneration research study  

Science.gov (United States)

The consumption of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil was surveyed. The potential electricity that could be generated in the SCE service territory using cogeneration technology was estimated. It was found that an estimated 3700 MWe could potentially be generated in Southern California using cogenerated technology. It is suggested that current technology could provide 2600 MWe and advanced technology could provide 1100 MWe. Approximately 1600 MWt is considered not feasible to produce electricity with either current or advanced cogeneration technology.

Slonski, M. L.

1983-01-01

238

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), conducted December 14 through 18, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. The team includes outside experts supplied by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with SERI. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at SERI, and interviews with site personnel. 33 refs., 22 figs., 21 tabs.

1988-10-01

239

Survey of breast cancer screening by mammography. Results of a questionnaire sent to local self-governing bodies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to grasp the current status of breast cancer screening in Japan, a questionnaire was distributed to all local self-governing bodies (LSGB). The results indicated that breast cancer screening with mammography was performed by 97.9% of LSGB. Breast cancer screening was started for women aged less than 40 years at 11.9% of the LSGB, and from 40 years of age at 86.8%. Breast cancer screening for women aged 30-39 years was performed at 51.2% of the LSGB. The proportions of studies involving palpation, mammography, and ultrasonography (US) were 34.0%, 24.5%, and 41.6%, respectively. The coverage of screening invitations between April 2006 and March 2007 was grasped at 94.7% of LSGB. At 23.2%, the coverage was less than 10%, and at 33.8% was 10-19.9%. At 7.1%, the coverage was 50% or more. The national average for coverage was 10%, and was especially low in large cities. The recall rate for LSBG between April 2006 and March 2007 was 85.2%. At 22.4% of the LSBG, recall rates were less than 5%, and at 15.6% the recall rates were 50% or more. Screening mammography for women aged 30-39 years needs to be examined in the future. When recall rates exceed 20%, it is necessary to re-examine the accuracy management of breast cancer screening. (author)

240

Study on team evaluation (4). Reliability and validity of questionnaire survey-based team work evaluation method of power plant operator team  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The series of this study describes the necessity of the evaluation of team work from two aspects of operator's behavior and operators' mind. The authors propose Team Work Element Model which consists of necessary elements to build high performance team. This report discusses a method to evaluate team work from the second aspect, that is, competency trust, competition, for-the team spirit, etc. The authors survey the previous studies on psychological measures and organize a set of questions to evaluate 10 team work sub elements that are the parts of Team Work Element Model. The factor analysis shows that this set of questions is consists of 13 factors such as task-oriented leadership, harmony-oriented team atmosphere, etc. Close examination of the questions in each factor shows that 8 of 10 team work sub elements can be evaluated by this questionnaire. In addition, this questionnaire comprises scales additional 8 scales such as job satisfaction, leadership, etc. As a result, it is possible to evaluate team work from more comprehensive view points. (author)

 
 
 
 
241

Validation of a simplified food frequency questionnaire as used in the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) for the elderly.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 28-item simplified food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) combined with 9 open questions about basic commodities was designed for the Elderly Nutrient and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) to collect participants' usual intake of the previous month. We have examined the validity this SFFQ as assessed by multiple 24-hour dietary recall (n=81) and biomarkers (n=1473). All questionnaires were completed by face-to-face interview and fasting blood taken. Thirty seven males and 44 females were randomly selected from NAHSIT participants. Of these, 31 and 50 subjects completed 2 or 3 24-hour dietary recalls within one month, respectively. Mean daily intake frequencies for each food group were calculated from the SFFQ and 24-hr recalls, respectively. Spearman rank correlation coefficients between frequencies of food intake from the FFQ and dietary recalls ranged from 0.132 to 0.678 for men; 0.052 to 0.759 for women. For food weight, the trends were similar to frequency findings. For biomarkers, the most correlated were dairy intake frequency judged by vitamin B-2 and calcium intakes and by erythrocyte glutathione reductase (EGRAC) for B-2 functionality, where the correlation coefficients were, respectively, 0.533, 0.518 and -0.205 for men; 0.494, 0.475 and -0.174 for women; fish and fruit followed in overall validity. The SFFQ measured the food patterns of elderly NAHSIT elders with validity high for dairy and good for fish, and fruit intakes in both genders. PMID:21393121

Huang, Yi-Chen; Lee, Meei-Shyuan; Pan, Wen-Harn; Wahlqvist, Mark L

2011-01-01

242

Questionnaire survey of SPECT studies after the supply shortage of Tc-99m and model analysis concerning earnings and expenditure of generator use  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate decrease in SPECT studies and its causes after the cessation of long supply shortage of 99Mo/99mTc generators. Of the replies by the chief nuclear medicine technologists, no necessity for 99Mo/99mTc generator use or for domestic supply of 99mTc unexpectedly accounted for 25% and 46%, respectively. Generator use leads to an additional profit by 8654 yen per patient, compared to purchase of commercially available 99mTc-labeled kits. It is essential to install a 99Mo/99mTc generator to perform emergency SPECT studies, increase a profit in hospital management, reduction of financial issues in patients, and pediatric studies. This adverse circumstance, however, may provide a good opportunity to instruct nuclear medicine specialists to be aware of the importance mentioned above in medical meetings. (author)

243

A case-control questionnaire survey of risk factors for Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) seropositi¬vity in Danish swine herds  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Sixty-eight case herds seropositive to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) were compared to 128 seronegative controls in a double-blinded questionnaire survey. The study indicated no increased risk of PRRS seropositivity for herds using artificial insemination with semen from PRRS seropositive AI-stations. Also the herd-size was non-related to the risk of PRRS seropositivity, indicating that air-borne spread of PRRS may not have been a predominant feature in Denmark. Introduction of replacement breeding animals from seropositive breeding- and multiplying herds significantly increased the risk of a herd being PRRS seropositive, as did introduction of 25 kg pigs for feeding. PRRS seropositivity was in the farmers' opinions associated with abortions in sows, early farrowing, high postweaning mortality and low weight gain in fattening pigs. However, the reported frequencies of problems were relatively low.

Mousing, J.; Permin, A.

1997-01-01

244

The current state of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism. The analysis of a survey with the 37th Kyushu Pediatric Surgical Congress questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose this study was to clarify the present state of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism in the Kyushu area. A questionnaire survey carried out at the member institutions of the Kyushu Pediatric Surgical Congress. The questionnaire included clinical features of cases from January 2002 to December 2006, and the strategy of diagnosis and treatment. In addition, experiences of tumor genesis, fertility acquirement and application of artificial testis were asked concerning cases until December 2006. Information was obtained from 22 institutions. Experienced cases in a recent 5-year period totaled 1,093, including 873 cases (73%) of undescended testis and 246 cases (21%) of retractile testis. The most frequent answer to the question for optimal age of surgery was around 1 year old. In fact, however, the cases operated on at more than 3 years old amounted to 32% of all cases. The replies varied in the definition of retractile testis and its surgical indication. The impalpable testis was recognized in 133 cases. The most frequent answer concerning the strategy for impalpable testis was the inguinal exploration in all cases, followed by the secondary laparoscopy, if necessary. Tumor genesis was recognized in 3 cases. Fertility acquirement was confirmed in only one case. The artificial testis was applied in 9 cases at 4 institutions. This survey revealed several differences in the strategy of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism among the institutions of pediptorchidism among the institutions of pediatric surgery in the Kyushu area. It attracts our attention whether the strategy will be standardized or not in the near future. (author)

245

Gender, ethnicity and graduate status, and junior doctors’ self-reported preparedness for clinical practice: national questionnaire surveys  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives Medical schools need to ensure that graduates feel well prepared for their first medical job. Our objective was to report on differences in junior doctors’ self-reported preparedness for work according to gender, ethnicity and graduate status. Design Postal and electronic questionnaires. Setting UK. Participants Medical graduates of 2008 and 2009, from all UK medical schools, one year after graduation. Main outcome measures The main outcome measure was the doctors’ level of agreement with the statement that ‘My experience at medical school prepared me well for the jobs I have undertaken so far’, to which respondents were asked to reply on a scale from ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree’. Results Women were slightly less likely than men to agree that they felt well prepared for work (50% of women agreed or strongly agreed vs. 54% of men), independently of medical school, ethnicity, graduate entry status and intercalated degree status, although they were no more likely than men to regard lack of preparedness as having been a problem for them. Adjusting for the other subgroup differences, non-white respondents were less likely to report feeling well prepared than white (44% vs. 54%), and were more likely to indicate that lack of preparedness was a problem (30% non-white vs. 24% white). There were also some gender and ethnic differences in preparedness for specific areas of work. Conclusions The identified gender and ethnic differences need to be further explored to determine whether they are due to differences in self-confidence or in actual preparedness. PMID:24108533

Svirko, Elena; Lambert, Trevor; Goldacre, Michael J

2014-01-01

246

Survey Method and Its Use in Research in General Mathematics. Research Series No. 54.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is presented in two sections. The first considers survey research, both in general and educational contexts, and outlines the potential utility of combining survey methods and observational fieldwork in studying different aspects of the same phenomenon. The second provides background for, and a description of, the survey phase of IRT's…

Belli, Gabriella

247

Design, Evaluation and Validation, and Analysis of a Five-Dimensional Leadership Questionnaire for a Project Leader in an International Scientific Research Environment  

CERN Document Server

The basic goal of the study is to develop a five dimensional leadership questionnaire for a project leader in an international scientific research laboratory and to verify statistically the independency of the individual questions from each other to ensure low overlap in content and meaning by achieving low correlation coefficients. This leadership questionnaire is designed to examine the behavior, personality, and character attributes of a project or experiment team leader in an international scientific research laboratory as perceived by her/his team members during the planning, design, implementation, and execution of the project itself. The leadership questionnaire is applied to a sample of about 40 participants from different international scientific research laboratories. This sample should represent in age, rank, and profession the whole population of employees and team members currently working in different international scientific research laboratories dealing with physics, informatics, and engineeri...

Wilfinger, Roman

2008-01-01

248

Primer on Health Surveys  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to introduce novice researchers to surveys as a method of data collection. It starts with the definition of a survey, its major purposes and types as well as changes in the goals surveys have helped to achieve over time. Advantages and disadvantages of surveys over population censuses and medical examinations are discussed. Approaches to questionnaire construction are introduced along with properties that questionnaires are evaluated for. Modes of administration, sample size issues, and data analysis approaches are also introduced. The primer is illustrated with examples of surveys conducted in different countries with various public health purposes.

David L Nordstrom

2012-06-01

249

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1998; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1999-12-01

250

The results of a questionnaire survey for current diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, detection rate of DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In Situ) has gradually increased because mammography screening has been prevailed among 40's in Japan and stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for nonpalpable lesion had been approved under Government Health Insurance since April, 2004. We performed nationwide survey for DCIS. It showed detection rate of DCIS in 2005 was 10.9%. Breast conserving surgery was performed 65% among DCIS cases. Lymphnode dissection was done for 27.2% of total cases. Sentinel node biopsy is one of the key procedures to avoid unnecessary axillary dissection. The indication of postoperative radiation and hormone therapy should be clarified based on clinical trials in the near future. (author)

251

A Survey of Voice over IP Security Research  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a survey of Voice over IP security research. Our goal is to provide a roadmap for researchers seeking to understand existing capabilities and, and to identify gaps in addressing the numerous threats and vulnerabilities present in VoIP systems. We also briefly discuss the implications of our findings with respect to actual vulnerabilities reported in a variety VoIP products.

Keromytis, Angelos D.

252

United States Geological Survey: Research on Invasive Species  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the homepage of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Invasive Species Program. Materials include information about the program, news articles, and information on research projects arranged by species, project, or region. There is also contact information for researchers and experts, as well as links to publications, events, and other sites with related information.

253

The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper summarizes the outcomes of the 2009 OCLC Research survey of 275 research libraries in the United States and Canada regarding the current status of their special collections and archives. The resulting report, Taking Our Pulse: The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives, includes detailed analysis of the data and thirteen recommendations for community action. The three most common challenges named by respondents were space, digitization, and born-digital materials. Collections are growing dramatically, use of all types of material has increased, substantial backlogs remain, and 75% of library budgets have been reduced in recent years.

Jackie M. Dooley

2011-10-01

254

SIMULATED ANNEALING BASED PLACEMENT ALGORITHMS AND RESEARCH CHALLENGES : A SURVEY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this survey paper, we have done a comprehensive study of VLSI placement algorithms in the literature and classified them from different perspectives. After an extensive review, we have performed a chronological analytical study of the simulated annealing based placement algorithm. We have explored the pros and cons of simulated annealing based placement along with its applications. To the best of our knowledge, there is no state of the art survey on the simulated annealing based placement algorithms in the literature till date. This motivated us to make a survey on simulated annealing based placement algorithms. We have explored some of the research issues and challenges to open up future directions of research work in this area. We have also addressed some research issues and suggested few directions to fill up the research gap.

Shubhendu Prakash Bhoi

2012-07-01

255

Conducting Research Surveys via Email and the Web  

Science.gov (United States)

While many visitors to commercial websites may find themselves asked to take part in any number of marketing-type surveys, more and more scholars are attempting to use the web to create well-defined surveys to examine academic questions. This intriguing publication from the RAND Organization (conducted by Matthias Schonlau, Ronald D. Fricker, Jr., and Marc N. Elliott) examines the validity of a number of claims, including the popularity of such online surveys due to their low cost and rapid return time. Within the document's 118-pages, the authors discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using email and the web to conduct research surveys, along with offering several practical suggestions for designing and implementing Internet surveys. The report consists of seven chapters (all of which may be downloaded separately), and three appendices, including an extended literature review.

Elliott, Marc N.; Fricker, Ronald D.; Schonlau, Matthias

256

Research Strategy and Scoping Survey on Spreadsheet Practices  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose a research strategy for creating and deploying prescriptive recommendations for spreadsheet practice. Empirical data on usage can be used to create a taxonomy of spreadsheet classes. Within each class, existing practices and ideal practices can he combined into proposed best practices for deployment. As a first step we propose a scoping survey to gather non-anecdotal data on spreadsheet usage. The scoping survey will interview people who develop spreadsheets. We w...

Grossman, Thomas A.; Ozluk, Ozgur

2008-01-01

257

Designing and conducting survey research a comprehensive guide  

CERN Document Server

The industry standard guide, updated with new ideas and SPSS analysis techniques Designing and Conducting Survey Research: A Comprehensive Guide Fourth Edition is the industry standard resource that covers all major components of the survey process, updated to include new data analysis techniques and SPSS procedures with sample data sets online. The book offers practical, actionable guidance on constructing the instrument, administrating the process, and analyzing and reporting the results, providing extensive examples and worksheets that demonstrate the appropriate use of survey and data tech

Rea, Louis M

2014-01-01

258

The Application of the Item Response Theory in China’s Public Opinion Survey Design  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we use the item response theory (IRT), take the public opinion poll questionnaire survey design as main lines, combine college campus life satisfaction survey, discuss the basic principle of IRT public opinion poll questionnaire survey design systematically and research key technology and method of the process specifications, survey topic choice, scheme configuration, error control and satisfaction standards definition of the public opinion poll questionnaire survey design. Stu...

Liu, Ting; Liu, Quan

2011-01-01

259

A survey of research programs in radiation protection in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey of research programs in Canada concerned with radiation protection was conducted in 1991-92 by the Joint Subcommittee on Regulatory Research (JSCRR) of the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) Advisory Committees on Radiological Protection and on Nuclear Safety. The purpose of this survey was to determine the current state of funding for this type of research in Canada. Funding for health-related radiation research in Canada is critical to establishing and maintaining a supply of trained professionals who can provide competent advice on health-related problems in radiation protection. The present report is an analysis of the information received in this survey. This survey concludes with the recommendation that the organization and definition of subprograms for the AECB Regulatory Research and Support Program should be completed as soon as possible. In this report the JSCRR should assist AECB staff in preparing a report in which priorities for research related to radiation protection are indicated. The sources of information noted at the end of the Discussion section of this report should be considered for this purpose. (author). 15 refs., 3 tabs

260

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Institute of Radiological Sciences has been surveyed, as part of the radioactivity research project by the Science and Technology Agency, radioactivity levels in the environment and safety analysis for radioactive fallouts associated with nuclear weapons tests since 1959 and effluents from nuclear installations. With a remarkable advent of the peaceful applications of radionuclides, radioactivity in the environment has been becoming a matter of concern for the population in Japan. Radioactivity research is considered to become more important because it may provide clues for the basis of its influences upon the human body and environment. This report gives a survey of the radioactivity research project performed in the fiscal year 1988. The following topics are covered: (1) radioactivity levels and dosimetry in the environment, foods, and human body; (2) radioactivity levels surrounding nuclear installations; (3) services in the Radioactivity Survey Data Center; (4) basic survey of evaluation for the results of radioactivity levels; (5) training of technichians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (6) survey research for dosimetry and countermeasures at emergency. (N.K.)

 
 
 
 
261

What is the impact of a national postgraduate medical specialist education reform on the daily clinical training 3.5 years after implementation? A questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many countries have recently reformed their postgraduate medical education (PGME. New pedagogic initiatives and blueprints have been introduced to improve quality and effectiveness of the education. Yet it is unknown whether these changes improved the daily clinical training. The purpose was to examine the impact of a national PGME reform on the daily clinical training practice. Methods The Danish reform included change of content and format of specialist education in line with outcome-based education using the CanMEDS framework. We performed a questionnaire survey among all hospital doctors in the North Denmark Region. The questionnaire included items on educational appraisal meetings, individual learning plans, incorporating training issues into work routines, supervision and feedback, and interpersonal acquaintance. Data were collected before start and 31/2 years later. Mean score values were compared, and response variables were analysed by multiple regression to explore the relation between the ratings and seniority, type of hospital, type of specialty, and effect of attendance to courses in learning and teaching among respondents. Results Response rates were 2105/2817 (75% and 1888/3284 (58%, respectively. We found limited impact on clinical training practice and learning environment. Variances in ratings were hardly affected by type of hospital, whereas belonging to the laboratory specialities compared to other specialties was related to higher ratings concerning all aspects. Conclusions The impact on daily clinical training practice of a national PGME reform was limited after 31/2 years. Future initiatives must focus on changing the pedagogical competences of the doctors participating in daily clinical training and on implementation strategies for changing educational culture.

Ringsted Charlotte

2010-06-01

262

To bite or not to bite! A questionnaire-based survey assessing why some people are bitten more than others by midges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Scottish biting midge, Culicoides impunctatus, responsible for more than 90% of biting attacks on human beings in Scotland, is known to demonstrate a preference for certain human hosts over others. Methods In this study we used a questionnaire-based survey to assess the association between people's perception of how badly they get bitten by midges and their demographic, lifestyle and health related characteristics. Results Most people (85.8% reported being bitten sometimes, often or always with only 14.2% reporting never being bitten by midges when in Scotland. There was no association between level of bites received and age, smoking, diet, exercise, medication, eating strongly flavoured foods or alcohol consumption. However, there was a strong association between the probability of being bitten and increasing height (in men and BMI (in women. A large proportion of participants (33.8% reported experiencing a bad/severe reaction to midge bites while 53.1% reported a minor reaction and 13.1% no reaction at all. Also, women tend to react more than men to midge bites. Additionally, the results indicated that the susceptibility to being bitten by midges is hereditary. Conclusions This study suggests that midges prefer to bite men that are tall and women that have a large BMI, and that the tendency for a child to be bitten or not could be inherited from their parent. The study is questionnaire-based; therefore, the interpretation of the results may be limited by the subjectivity of the answers given by the respondents. Although the results are relevant only to the Scottish biting midge, the approach used here could be useful for investigating human-insect interactions for other insects, particularly those which transmit pathogens that cause disease.

Weeks Emma NI

2010-05-01

263

Survey of potential improvements during the course of the radiotherapy treatment. A patient questionnaire; Erfassung moeglicher Verbesserungen im Ablauf der Strahlentherapie. Eine Patientenbefragung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the context of quality assurance, increasing demands are placed on the whole radiotherapy treatment process. The patients directly concerned generally do not realize most aspects of the quality assurance program (e.g., additional safety checks) during their daily therapy. It was the aim of this study to systematically ask patients about potential improvements during the course of radiotherapy treatment from their own perspective. In the defined time span (1 month), 624 radiotherapy patients (600 questionnaires were returned, 96.2%) were interviewed using a questionnaire newly developed to inquire about several aspects of their treatment. Furthermore, they were asked for their specific needs and suggestions for improvements that could be made during the course of radiotherapy treatment. Overall, the patients were satisfied with the course of their radiotherapy treatment and with patient care. As an example, about 90% agreed with the statement: ''My first contact with the radiation oncology unit proceeded with kindness and competence so that I was given the impression that I will be well cared for in this clinic.'' Considering the organization of the course of radiotherapy, a large majority of patients attached great value to set appointments for the therapy fractions. A main point of criticism was waiting times or delays caused by servicing or machine failures. Small, low cost improvements as music in the therapy room were considered as important as expensive measures (e.g., daylight in the therapy room). The patients emphasized the importance of staff friendliness. The situation of radiotherapy patients was, in general, satisfactory. Future improvements can be mainly expected from smooth organisation of both planning and treatment which can be achieved by electronic scheduling systems. Many results of the survey could be easily implemented in daily practice. In matters of organization radiation oncology with its complex procedures can be used as a model for other clinical departments. (orig.)

Momm, Felix; Jooss, David; Adebahr, Sonja; Duncker-Rohr, Viola; Heinemann, Felix; Kirste, Simon; Messmer, Marc-Benjamin; Grosu, Anca-Ligia [Universitaetsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde; Xander, Carola J.; Becker, Gerhild [Universitaetsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). Palliativeinheit

2011-11-15

264

A Survey of Green Networking Research  

CERN Document Server

Reduction of unnecessary energy consumption is becoming a major concern in wired networking, because of the potential economical benefits and of its expected environmental impact. These issues, usually referred to as "green networking", relate to embedding energy-awareness in the design, in the devices and in the protocols of networks. In this work, we first formulate a more precise definition of the "green" attribute. We furthermore identify a few paradigms that are the key enablers of energy-aware networking research. We then overview the current state of the art and provide a taxonomy of the relevant work, with a special focus on wired networking. At a high level, we identify four branches of green networking research that stem from different observations on the root causes of energy waste, namely (i) Adaptive Link Rate, (ii) Interface proxying, (iii) Energy-aware infrastructures and (iv) Energy-aware applications. In this work, we do not only explore specific proposals pertaining to each of the above bran...

Bianzino, Aruna Prem; Rossi, Dario; Rougier, Jean-Louis

2010-01-01

265

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud / Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey) al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS). MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y valida [...] ción de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de ser incluidos en el estudio. Se utilizaron las variables: accesibilidad, continuidad, integralidad, integración, interacción clínica, trato interpersonal y confianza. Se validaron la apariencia, mediante análisis de distribución de las respuestas, análisis de participación y patrones de no respuesta; el constructo, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio usando el método de componentes principales y rotación Varimax; el criterio, mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, y la fiabilidad, usando el alfa de Cronbach y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase. RESULTADOS: En el análisis factorial exploratorio se obtuvieron 11 factores que explicaron 68,38% de la variabilidad original. La validez de criterio mostró una correlación adecuada entre la medida resumen de la escala y las variables "ad hoc" Q33b (valor de r×1×2 = 0,569; P = 0,01) y Q32 (valor de r×1×2 = 0,600; P = 0,01). La escala obtuvo un coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach de 0,94. La fiabilidad test-retest (F [1,140] = 0,155 [P = 0,694]) demostró que la escala es estable en el tiempo. CONCLUSIONES: Las propiedades psicométricas de la versión adaptada del cuestionario PCAS permiten afirmar que se trata de una escala válida y fiable para evaluar la atención primaria desde un enfoque de continuidad asistencial basada en la relación médico-paciente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Adapt the Primary Care Assessment Survey (PCAS) questionnaire to the Spanish language and determine its validity and reliability in identifying strengths and weaknesses in primary health care (PHC). METHODS: Study of the adaptation and validation of a questionnaire-survey. The suitable sa [...] mple selected was 244 users of PHC services. The users were over 18 years of age and had had at least two institutional visits prior to being included in the study. The variables used were access, continuity, comprehensiveness, integration, clinical interaction, interpersonal treatment, and trust. Participation was confirmed through analysis of the distribution of responses; participation and patterns of nonresponse; the construct, through exploratory factorial analysis, using principal component analysis and the varimax rotation; the criterion, through the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; and reliability using Cronbach's alfa and the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The exploratory factorial analysis obtained 11 factors that explain 68.38% of the original variability. The criterion validity showed a sufficient correlation between the summary measure of the scale and the ad hoc variables Q33b (value of r x1x2 = 0.569; P = 0.01) and Q32 (value of r x1x2 = 0.600; P = 0.01). The scale obtained a coefficient of Cronbach's alfa of 0.94. The test-retest reliability (F [1 140] = 0.155 [P = 0.694]) demonstrated that the scale is stable over time. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the adapted version of the PCAS questionnaire make it possible to state that it is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate primary care from a standpoint of ongoing care based on the physician-patient relationship.

Narly, Benachi Sandoval; Alejandro, Castillo Martínez; Josep M., Vilaseca Llobet; Susanna, Torres Belmonte; Ester, Risco Vilarasau.

2012-01-01

266

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS. MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y validación de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de ser incluidos en el estudio. Se utilizaron las variables: accesibilidad, continuidad, integralidad, integración, interacción clínica, trato interpersonal y confianza. Se validaron la apariencia, mediante análisis de distribución de las respuestas, análisis de participación y patrones de no respuesta; el constructo, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio usando el método de componentes principales y rotación Varimax; el criterio, mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, y la fiabilidad, usando el alfa de Cronbach y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase. RESULTADOS: En el análisis factorial exploratorio se obtuvieron 11 factores que explicaron 68,38% de la variabilidad original. La validez de criterio mostró una correlación adecuada entre la medida resumen de la escala y las variables "ad hoc" Q33b (valor de r×1×2 = 0,569; P = 0,01 y Q32 (valor de r×1×2 = 0,600; P = 0,01. La escala obtuvo un coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach de 0,94. La fiabilidad test-retest (F [1,140] = 0,155 [P = 0,694] demostró que la escala es estable en el tiempo. CONCLUSIONES: Las propiedades psicométricas de la versión adaptada del cuestionario PCAS permiten afirmar que se trata de una escala válida y fiable para evaluar la atención primaria desde un enfoque de continuidad asistencial basada en la relación médico-paciente.OBJECTIVE: Adapt the Primary Care Assessment Survey (PCAS questionnaire to the Spanish language and determine its validity and reliability in identifying strengths and weaknesses in primary health care (PHC. METHODS: Study of the adaptation and validation of a questionnaire-survey. The suitable sample selected was 244 users of PHC services. The users were over 18 years of age and had had at least two institutional visits prior to being included in the study. The variables used were access, continuity, comprehensiveness, integration, clinical interaction, interpersonal treatment, and trust. Participation was confirmed through analysis of the distribution of responses; participation and patterns of nonresponse; the construct, through exploratory factorial analysis, using principal component analysis and the varimax rotation; the criterion, through the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; and reliability using Cronbach's alfa and the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The exploratory factorial analysis obtained 11 factors that explain 68.38% of the original variability. The criterion validity showed a sufficient correlation between the summary measure of the scale and the ad hoc variables Q33b (value of r x1x2 = 0.569; P = 0.01 and Q32 (value of r x1x2 = 0.600; P = 0.01. The scale obtained a coefficient of Cronbach's alfa of 0.94. The test-retest reliability (F [1 140] = 0.155 [P = 0.694] demonstrated that the scale is stable over time. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the adapted version of the PCAS questionnaire make it possible to state that it is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate primary care from a standpoint of ongoing care based on the physician-patient relationship.

Narly Benachi Sandoval

2012-01-01

267

Mathematics without boundaries surveys in interdisciplinary research  

CERN Document Server

This volume consists of chapters written by eminent scientists and engineers from the international community and presents significant advances in several theories, and applications of an interdisciplinary research. These contributions focus on both old and recent developments of Global Optimization Theory, Convex Analysis, Calculus of Variations, and Discrete Mathematics and Geometry, as well as several applications to a large variety of concrete problems, including  applications of computers  to the study of smoothness and analyticity of functions, applications to epidemiological diffusion, networks, mathematical models of elastic and piezoelectric fields, optimal algorithms, stability of neutral type vector functional differential equations, sampling and rational interpolation for non-band-limited signals, recurrent neural network for convex optimization problems, and experimental design.  The book also contains some review works, which could prove particularly useful for a broader audience of readers i...

Rassias, Themistocles

2014-01-01

268

A Survey Research of Contemporary Management Development Practices In Malaysian Corporations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This survey was designed and developed to assess key issues related to management development practices in Malaysian corporations especially on needs assessment, programme selection, programme evaluation, and future directions and trends.  The survey research instrument is a questionnaire that was distributed to 189 selected Malaysian corporations listed on the Main Board of the Bursa Malaysia or formerly known as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE. These corporations represent a cross-section of local industries and was selected through stratified random sampling.  The 16-percent or 31 responses were collated and the data analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics. The major findings suggest that despite being aware of the importance of MD practices to achieve productivity and enhance corporate performance, most Malaysian corporations are unsure how to practise MD. They seldom implement value-added MD programmes to improve managerial productivity and enhance managerial performance achievements. The main reason given is cost-effective considerations vis-à-vis actual bottom-line results. Specifically, the majority of the respondents articulated their concern over several areas such as the lack of needs assessment, indiscriminate programme selection, non-standardized programme evaluation and vague ideas about future directions and trends in MD activities. On the whole, the survey research suggests that there is a need for Malaysian corporations to redress the prevailing weaknesses so that any concrete management development initiative undertaken can produce the desired results and productivity outcomes including bottom-line achievements.

Kian Aun Law

2009-02-01

269

Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students at the Inner Mongolia Medical College using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: students’ basic information, attitude on smoking behavior, and smoking status of the student daily smokers. Students who smoked every day in the last 30?days were regarded as daily smokers. Factors associated with smoking were identified using binary logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 6044 valid surveys were returned. The overall prevalence of daily smoking was 9.8% while the prevalence of daily smoking among males and females were 29.4% and 1.7%, respectively. Males in the Faculty of Medicine Information Management had the highest daily smoking rate (48.9%. Logistic regression models found that the main factors associated with daily smoking among male medical students were highest year of study (OR?=?3.62; CI: 1.18–11.05; attitude towards smoking behavior Do not care about people smoking around you (OR?=?2.75; CI: 2.08–3.64; and Smoking is harmful to their health (OR?=?4.40; CI: 2.21–8.75. The main factor associated with daily smoking among female medical students was attitude towards smoking behavior Eliminate smoking on campus (OR?=?0.11; CI: 0.06–0.23. Both for male and female medical students, there was no association between ethnicity and cigarette daily smoking. In regard to smoking status, more than 60% of daily smokers began smoking in high school, 61.3% smoked less than 5 cigarettes per day, 62.9% of the daily smokers’ families opposed their smoking behavior, and after an hour of not smoking 74.6% daily smokers did not feel uncomfortable. Conclusions Antismoking education should be further promoted in Inner Mongolia medical students, with consideration given to the factors associated with daily smoking behavior found in the present study.

Bian Jiang

2012-05-01

270

ANALYSIS OF ONLINE SURVEY SERVICES FOR MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The online population has led to an increase in the use of online surveys, which have been a good alternative to capture data from the Internet with regard to collecting and filtering information.The contribution of this paper is an analysis of current free online survey solutions, showing their advantages, disadvantages and, mainly, the restrictions of free and even paid plans in integration with social networks. The information, already available on social networks, was not used in parallel with surveys; however, it could be implemented in some contexts to increase the analysis process of quantitative and qualitative marketing research as well as increase consumer sampling numbers. The social networks are present today, so they could be more explored in current surveys.

Renata Lopes Rosa

2012-06-01

271

75 FR 79009 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Questionnaire Cognitive Interview and Pretesting (NCI)  

Science.gov (United States)

...for applied questionnaire evaluation...response errors in surveys. The most...in which a questionnaire design specialist...administers the draft survey questions as...Questionnaire Development (1) Survey 1,200 1...

2010-12-17

272

75 FR 16737 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting...  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Census Bureau and survey sponsors to improve questionnaires and procedures, reduce...and economic census and survey questionnaires prior to fielding them...measurement problems with the questionnaire or survey procedure:...

2010-04-02

273

Research training during medical residency (MIR: Satisfaction questionnaire Formación investigadora durante la residencia MIR: Encuesta de satisfacción  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: it is during Medical Residency Training (MIR that knowledge, abilities and habits are acquired, which will shape professional activity in the future. It is therefore very likely that residents who do not acquire the necessary habits and knowledge for research activities will eventually not carry out these activities in the future. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of satisfaction of residents with his or her scientific and research training, and to determine any deficiencies with respect to this training. Materials and methods: the aim of the questionnaire used was to determine the level of satisfaction of residents regarding their scientific and research training during their residency period. Questionnaires were usually distributed via internal mail to all residents (MIR physicians registered at a third level teaching hospital, with a completion rate of 78% (n = 178. Results: as far as the evaluation of scientific training is concerned, 68% of residents were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. With respect to scientific studies carried out, 49% of residents had not taken part in any, but the number of studies carried out increases as the residency progresses. On the other hand, 22% of residents reported not having started their doctoral thesis, 50% having attended doctorate courses, 24% having a title for their thesis, and only 4% having written a thesis. Doctorate courses, thesis topics, and written theses increase with the year of residency, and a greater activity may be seen in this respect in surgical departments. If we analyze help available to residents for their carrying out scientific activities, 55% reported that only selected assistant doctors would offer help, and 21% reported that no doctors would offer help. Dissatisfaction with research training increases with the year of residency. With regard to main specialist fields, it can be seen that residents in surgical fields carry out more theses, whereas central fields report less facilities. Finally, if we evaluate the influence that these variables may have on the general satisfaction of residents with his or her residency, these variables are seen to be significant factors of dissatisfaction. Conclusions: most residents are dissatisfied with their scientific training and have relatively few facilities for developing such skills, which in turn results in a scarce number of scientific studies and doctoral theses.Introducción: durante la residencia MIR se van a adquirir los conocimientos, habilidades y hábitos que van a marcar la actividad profesional en el futuro. Por ello, es muy probable que los residentes que no adquieran el hábito y los conocimientos necesarios para realizar actividades investigadoras no realicen dichas actividades en el futuro. El objetivo es analizar la satisfacción de los MIR con su formación científica e investigadora, y determinar los déficits al respecto en su formación. Material y método: se aplicó un cuestionario destinado a constatar la satisfacción de los residentes respecto a su formación científica e investigadora durante el transcurso de su residencia. Los cuestionarios se distribuyeron nominalmente por correo interno a todos los MIR registrados en un hospital de tercer nivel acreditado para docencia, siendo el grado de cumplimentación del 78% (n=178. Resultados: en cuanto a la valoración de la formación científica, el 68% están insatisfechos o muy insatisfechos. Respecto a la realización de trabajos científicos, el 49% de los residentes no han escrito ninguno, aunque aumenta el número de trabajos realizados conforme avanza el tiempo de residencia. Por otro lado, el 22% refiere no tener iniciada la tesis doctoral, el 50% haber realizado los cursos de doctorado, el 24% tiene tema de tesis, y sólo el 4% la ha escrito. Los cursos, el tema de tesis y el haberla escrito van aumentando con el año de residencia, y se observa una mayor actividad en este sentido en los servicios quirúrgicos. Si analizamos las facilidades que tienen los residentes para realizar activ

A. Ríos Zambudio

2004-10-01

274

A Survey on Educational Data Mining and Research Trends  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Educational Data Mining (EDM) is an emerging fieldexploring data in educational context by applyingdifferent Data Mining (DM) techniques/tools. It provides intrinsic knowledge of teaching and learningprocess for effective education planning. In this survey work focuses on components, research trends (1998to 2012) of EDM highlighting its related Tools, Techniques and educational Outcomes. It also highlightsthe Challenges EDM.

Rajni Jindal; Malaya Dutta Borah

2013-01-01

275

Research training during medical residency (MIR): Satisfaction questionnaire / Formación investigadora durante la residencia MIR: Encuesta de satisfacción  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: durante la residencia MIR se van a adquirir los conocimientos, habilidades y hábitos que van a marcar la actividad profesional en el futuro. Por ello, es muy probable que los residentes que no adquieran el hábito y los conocimientos necesarios para realizar actividades investigadoras n [...] o realicen dichas actividades en el futuro. El objetivo es analizar la satisfacción de los MIR con su formación científica e investigadora, y determinar los déficits al respecto en su formación. Material y método: se aplicó un cuestionario destinado a constatar la satisfacción de los residentes respecto a su formación científica e investigadora durante el transcurso de su residencia. Los cuestionarios se distribuyeron nominalmente por correo interno a todos los MIR registrados en un hospital de tercer nivel acreditado para docencia, siendo el grado de cumplimentación del 78% (n=178). Resultados: en cuanto a la valoración de la formación científica, el 68% están insatisfechos o muy insatisfechos. Respecto a la realización de trabajos científicos, el 49% de los residentes no han escrito ninguno, aunque aumenta el número de trabajos realizados conforme avanza el tiempo de residencia. Por otro lado, el 22% refiere no tener iniciada la tesis doctoral, el 50% haber realizado los cursos de doctorado, el 24% tiene tema de tesis, y sólo el 4% la ha escrito. Los cursos, el tema de tesis y el haberla escrito van aumentando con el año de residencia, y se observa una mayor actividad en este sentido en los servicios quirúrgicos. Si analizamos las facilidades que tienen los residentes para realizar actividades científicas, el 55% refieren que sólo con determinados adjuntos, y el 21% que ninguna. La insatisfacción con la formación investigadora aumenta conforme aumenta el año de residencia. En cuando al área troncal de la especialidad, se observa que realizan más tesis los residentes de las áreas quirúrgicas, y que los de áreas centrales refieren menos facilidades. Por último, si se valora la influencia que estas variables pueden tener en la satisfacción general del residente con su residencia, se observa que son factores significativos de insatisfacción. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los residentes están insatisfechos con su formación científica y tienen relativamente pocas facilidades para poder desarrollarla, lo cual se plasma en un escaso número de trabajos científicos y tesis doctorales. Abstract in english Introduction: it is during Medical Residency Training (MIR) that knowledge, abilities and habits are acquired, which will shape professional activity in the future. It is therefore very likely that residents who do not acquire the necessary habits and knowledge for research activities will eventuall [...] y not carry out these activities in the future. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of satisfaction of residents with his or her scientific and research training, and to determine any deficiencies with respect to this training. Materials and methods: the aim of the questionnaire used was to determine the level of satisfaction of residents regarding their scientific and research training during their residency period. Questionnaires were usually distributed via internal mail to all residents (MIR physicians) registered at a third level teaching hospital, with a completion rate of 78% (n = 178). Results: as far as the evaluation of scientific training is concerned, 68% of residents were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. With respect to scientific studies carried out, 49% of residents had not taken part in any, but the number of studies carried out increases as the residency progresses. On the other hand, 22% of residents reported not having started their doctoral thesis, 50% having attended doctorate courses, 24% having a title for their thesis, and only 4% having written a thesis. Doctorate courses, thesis topics, and written theses increase with the year of residency, and a greater activity may be seen

A., Ríos Zambudio; F., Sánchez Gascón; L., González Moro; M., Guerrero Fernández.

2004-10-01

276

Convergence between the 1990 and 2010 ACR diagnostic criteria and validation of the Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ).  

Science.gov (United States)

(1) To assess the degree of convergence between the 1990 and 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) diagnostic criteria; (2) To evaluate the validity and reliability of the 2010 ACR criteria; (3) To validate the Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire (FSQ); and (4) To assess the utility of the FSQ to differentiate fibromyalgia (FM) subgroups by disease severity. In the first study, agreement between the 1990 and 2010 ACR criteria for FM diagnosis was analyzed in a sample of 80 FM patients and 59 healthy controls. Algometry (mean threshold and tender points count) and the 2010 ACR indices [Symptom Severity Scale (SSS), Widespread Index (WPI) and Polysymptomatic Distress Scale (PSD)] were correlated with the key symptoms of FM and with indices of disease interference and quality of life. In a second study, we evaluated the validity and internal consistency of the Spanish version of the FSQ, as well as its ability to discriminate between groups of FM patients with low and high symptom severity. There is good agreement between the 1990 and 2010 ACR criteria for FM diagnosis. The 2010 ACR indices (SSS, WPI and PSD) demonstrated very adequate construct validity and appeared to be useful in the assessment of disease severity and global impact of FM. The FSQ had good internal consistency and validity and showed 100 % concordance with 2010 ACR criteria applied by a clinician. In addition, the FSQ proved to be useful in differentiating FM severity subgroups. PMID:24952419

Carrillo-de-la-Peña, M T; Triñanes, Y; González-Villar, A; Romero-Yuste, S; Gómez-Perretta, C; Arias, M; Wolfe, F

2015-01-01

277

Public knowledge, risk perception, attitudes and practices in relation to the swine flu pandemic: A cross sectional questionnaire-based survey in Bahrain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction/Objectives: On 10 August 2010 World Health Organization announced that H1N1 influenza virus had moved into the post-pandemic period and hence it is time for countries to evaluate their response to the pandemic. Many studies have been done about the public perception and behaviours toward H1N1 influenza in the western world; however none has been done so far in the Gulf countries. Therefore, this paper investigates the general public knowledge, risk perception, preventive behaviours and practices during the H1N1 pandemic in Kingdom of Bahrain, as a model for the Gulf countries.Methods: The study was conducted using a cross-sectional questionnaire based survey on 771 Bahraini individuals.Results: Despite that the public showed strong adherence to the personal protective hygiene measures, most of them underestimated the threat of H1N1 pandemic as evident in their knowledge of previous pandemics or in their susceptibility perception. Furthermore, misconceptions and wrong beliefs were common, which indicates a gap in the knowledge and practice of the public. For example, most of the public were against taking H1N1 Influenza vaccine and their negative intension was based on the alleged side effects of the vaccine.Conclusion: This study provides a baseline for an ongoing surveillance programme to help the local authorities in improving their pandemic preparatory plans, especially the governmental educational and media campaign.

Essam Janahi

2011-06-01

278

Energy Balance Survey: Child Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 20 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

279

Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use amongst junior collegiates in twin cities of western Nepal: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background College students are vulnerable to tobacco addiction. Tobacco industries often target college students for marketing. Studies about prevalence of tobacco use and its correlates among college students in Nepal are lacking. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in two cities of western Nepal during January-March, 2007. A pre-tested, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire (in Nepali adapted from Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS and a World Bank study was administered to a representative sample of 1600 students selected from 13 junior colleges by two-stage stratified random sampling. Results Overall prevalence of 'ever users' of tobacco products was 13.9%. Prevalence among boys and girls was 20.5% and 2.9% respectively. Prevalence of 'current users' was 10.2% (cigarette smoking: 9.4%, smokeless products: 6.5%, and both forms: 5.7%. Median age at initiation of cigarette smoking and chewable tobacco was 16 and 15 years respectively. Among the current cigarette smokers, 58.7% (88/150 were smoking at least one cigarette per day. Most (67.8% 'Current users' purchased tobacco products by themselves from stores or got them from friends. Most of them (66.7% smoked in tea stalls or restaurants followed by other public places (13.2%. The average daily expenditure was 20 Nepalese rupees (~0.3 USD and most (59% students reported of having adequate money to buy tobacco products. Majority (82% of the students were exposed to tobacco advertisements through magazines/newspapers, and advertising hoardings during a period of 30 days prior to survey. The correlates of tobacco use were: age, gender, household asset score and knowledge about health risks, family members, teachers and friends using tobacco products, and purchasing tobacco products for family members. Conclusion School/college-based interventions like counseling to promote cessation among current users and tobacco education to prevent initiation are necessary. Enforcement of legislations to decrease availability, accessibility and affordability of tobacco products and policies to change social norms of tobacco use among parents and teachers are necessary to curb the tobacco use among college students.

Paudel Jagadish

2008-03-01

280

Survey report 2012 - Research programme on regulatory safety research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) is the Swiss regulatory authority for nuclear installations. It has to continuously check the safety of nuclear plants and the intermediate storage pools for spent fuel assemblies and nuclear waste, as well as to act in the research on deep underground repository. In order to stay at the top of knowledge in the field of nuclear safety, ENSI pursues projects in different domains of the regulatory safety research, especially: 1) Fuels and Materials, which are used in the reactor core and the structure materials of the diverse barriers against a loss of radioactive products. By the fuel and fuel cladding the requirements and limitations are imposed during the normal operation of the reactor. On the other hand, materials of the primary loop and the containment have to fulfill their duty during all the life of the power plant. 2) Data bases on damages and internal events: The goal of this project is to internationally exchange experience on incidents in nuclear power plants and on damages that could give rise to incidents. 3) External events: Besides damages within the nuclear power plant, the safety analyses consider also external events which can disturb the normal plant operation, especially earthquakes and flooding. 4) Human factors: The goal of research in this field is to reduce the non-safety of human handling. With probabilistic safety analyses the risk of incidents can be quantitatively evaluated. The reliability of operator's behaviour under different stress situations is analyzed with the so called Human Reliability Analysis. 5) System behaviour and incident unfolding: Beginning from normal operation, the reactor behaviour after some disturbance is simulated with computer codes till core meltdown. Correlated with experiments and probabilistic safety analyses, such evaluations give information about the plant risks. 6) Radiation protection: The work here concerns the check and calibration of measuring systems for ionizing radiations. The dose intensity in the vicinity of nuclear plants is measured by means of helicopter flights. The international cooperation contributes to the harmonization of the norms. 7) Decommissioning and storage: It is foreseen to store the radioactive wastes in deep underground repositories. The research on Opalinus clay at the rock laboratory Mont Terri plays a central role in the knowledge of underground installations. The design of a geological storage and its supervision are evaluated. Special attention is devoted to the gas production in the underground repository. Some projects are concerned with long term effects such as erosion through glaciers after a tectonic elevation of the landscape. Both projects 'Fuels and Materials' and 'Human factors' are treated specially at the Halden reactor

 
 
 
 
281

Low back pain research priorities: a survey of primary care practitioners  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the large amount of time and money which has been devoted to low back pain research, successful management remains an elusive goal and low back pain continues to place a large burden on the primary care setting. One reason for this may be that the priorities for research are often developed by researchers and funding bodies, with little consideration of the needs of primary care practitioners. This study aimed to determine the research priorities of primary care practitioners who manage low back pain on a day-to-day basis. Methods A modified-Delphi survey of primary care practitioners was conducted, consisting of three rounds of questionnaires. In the first round, 70 practitioners who treat low back pain were each asked to provide up to five questions which they would like answered with respect to low back pain in primary care. The results were collated into a second round questionnaire consisting of 39 priorities, which were rated for importance by each practitioner on a likert-scale. The third round consisted of asking the practitioners to rank the top ten priorities in order of importance. Results Response rates for the modified-Delphi remained above 70% throughout the three rounds. The ten highest ranked priorities included the identification of sub-groups of patients that respond optimally to different treatments, evaluation of different exercise approaches in the management of low back pain, self-management of low back pain, and comparison of different treatment approaches by primary care professions treating low back pain. Conclusion Practitioners identified a need for more information on a variety of topics, including diagnosis, the effectiveness of treatments, and identification of patient characteristics which affect treatment and recovery.

Das Anurina

2007-07-01

282

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1993  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1993. No activity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 mSv, which is one per cent of the dose limit for long term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. A list of previous environmental survey reports is attached. 22 refs., 21 tabs., 4 figs.

Hoffmann, E.L.; Looz, T.

1995-04-01

283

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1993. No activity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 mSv, which is one per cent of the dose limit for long term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. A list of previous environmental survey reports is attached. 22 refs., 21 tabs., 4 figs

284

Professional radiation exposure in nuclear medicine 2003 and its dependence on various factors - some results of SONS and questionnaire survey in the Czech Republic I  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our study is based on data from the Central Registration System of Occupational Radiation Exposure of the State Office for Nuclear Safety (SONS) and the results of a questionnaire sent to departments of nuclear medicine in Czech Republic. All staff members were equipped with dosimeters evaluated by Czech Personnel Dosimetry Service. Totally , 831 workers in 45 centers were surveyed, of which all responded. Departments were asked to provide information on a classifications of workers into professional groups, annual activities of handled radiopharmaceuticals, number of in vivo examinations and others. In 2003 all departments performed diagnostic procedures in vivo, 99mTc being the most frequent radionuclide eluted daily from 99Mo-99mTc generators purchased periodically. In comparison with this radionuclide much lower activities of 67Ga, 201Tl, 111In, 81mKr and others were consumed. 18F-FDG was delivered only to four departments. An additional workload as to diagnostic in vitro procedures based on 1251 was reported by 18 departments. Therapeutic procedures, besides diagnostic ones, were performed at 35 departments, 9 of them having a ward. Seven departments administered 131I for therapy of thyroid gland diseases. Radionuclide 90Y for radiation synovectomy was applied at 25 institutions, palliative therapy with 89Sr, 153Sm, 186Re a others was carried out at 26 departments, predominantly on the out-patient basis. The mean annual effective dose ?Ei to one staff member at dept. i was calculated as the collective effective dose at department i divided by the number of workers PPi at this workplace. The annual collective effective dose ?Si at all departments was 929.87 man.mSv; total number of monitored workers being 831, the mean effective dose of one person was calculated to be 1.12 mSv. (authors)

285

What factors influence the health status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis measured by the SF-12v2 Health Survey and the Health Assessment Questionnaire?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) is a widely used outcome measure in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the SF-12v2 Health Survey (SF-12) was introduced recently. We investigated how the HAQ and SF-12 were associated with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors in patients with RA. METHODS: In RA patients from 11 Danish centers, clinical and patient-reported data, including the HAQ and SF-12, were collected. Three multiple linear regression models were estimated, with the HAQ, SF-12 physical component score (PCS), and SF-12 mental component score (MCS) as outcome and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and RA-related treatment and comorbidity characteristics as explanatory variables. RESULTS: In total, 3156 (85%) of 3704 invited patients participated--75% women, 76% rheumatoid factor-positive, median age 61 years (range 15-93 yrs), disease duration 7 years (range 0-68 yrs), Disease Activity Score on 28 joints (DAS28) 2.97 (range 0.96-8.61), HAQ score 0.63 (range 0-3), SF-12 PCS 56 (range 6-99), and SF-12 MCS 57 (range 16-99). Variation in HAQ was associated with 12 of 15 possible variables (R(2) 0.41), in PCS and MCS with 6 of 15 variables (R(2) 0.02 and 0.05). Patients with moderate to high DAS28 and > or = 3 comorbid conditions had consistently worse HAQ and SF-12 scores compared to the reference groups, while weekly exercise was associated with better scores compared to no exercise. CONCLUSION: The HAQ was more sensitive to differences in demographic, lifestyle, and disease- and treatment-related factors than the SF-12. The established clinical value and feasibility of the HAQ highlights its advantages over the SF-12 in describing health status in RA.

Linde, Louise; SØrensen, Jan

2009-01-01

286

Questionnaire survey of hospitals in Saitama Prefecture regarding the shortage of 99mTc-labeled radiopharmaceuticals and 99Mo/99mTc generators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was conducted at all 32 hospitals in Saitama Prefecture to investigate the current difficult situation in terms of nuclear medicine management in the face of the 99mTc shortage due to insufficient supply, and 29 hospitals (90.6%) replied. Of the 29, 15 (51.7%) reported a reduction in the number of nuclear medicine studies performed due to the shortage of supply, although the reduction was small. The decrease per month was less than 20 studies in 73% of the institutions. Of the nuclear medicine studies that involve the use of 99mTc, the studies whose reduction in number most seriously affected patient management were, in decreasing order: 99mTc-macro-aggregated albumin (MAA) lung perfusion scans, 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3), 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), or 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renoscans, 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scans, 99mTc-hexamethyl propylene amine oxime (HMPAO) or ethylcysteinate dimer (ECD) brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies, 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) or tetrofosmin myocardial SPECT studies, 99mTc-radiocolloid sentinel lymphoscintigraphy, 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid human serum albumin (HSA-D) or pyrophosphate bleeding scans, 99mTc-galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) hepatic functyl human serum albumin (GSA) hepatic function reserve scans, and 99mTc-MIBI parathyroid scans. The reduction is probably ascribable to factors such as cancellations of emergency studies, absence of substitute studies, sequential studies using the same radiopharmaceutical, and higher cost of the syringe-type products than the vial-type products. Substitutes for 99mTc studies were performed at 52% (15/29) of the institutions. Myocardial perfusion imaging with 201Tl chloride was the most common substitute study. The results of this survey suggested the several procedures to resolve the issues related to the shortage. The staffs at all institutions except one gave the impression that their nuclear medicine ordering systems had been greatly affected by the shortage of supply. This adverse circumstance, however, may provide a good opportunity to educate the public about nuclear medicine studies that use 99mTc and SPECT, with which citizen are now unfamiliar. (author)

287

Survey of Community Engagement in NIH-Funded Research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Community engagement is an innovative and required component for Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs) funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). However, the extent of community engagement in NIH-funded research has not been previously examined. This study assessed baseline prevalence of community engagement activities among NIH-funded studies at a large Midwestern university with a CTSA. An online survey was e-mailed to principal investigators of recent NIH-funded studie...

Hood, Nancy E.; Brewer, Tracy; Jackson, Rebecca; Wewers, Mary Ellen

2010-01-01

288

Survey of research reports in transportation modelling. Part 1:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey of research reports in transportation modelling in two parts. Part one is devided in reports concerning economic development and car mobility, analyzing large transportation data files and transportation planning and spatial development. Part two consists of reserach reports concerning optimization of public transport networks and road networks, time dependend assignment in road networks, sub-divided in models and hard and software and road traffic informatics and telematics.

Nijsse, A.; Wamsteker-andriessen, S. J.

1993-01-01

289

Survey of research reports in transportation modelling. Part 2:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A survey of research reports in transportation modelling in two parts. Part one is devided in reports concerning economic development and car mobility, analyzing large transportation data files and transportation planning and spatial development. Part two consists of reserach reports concerning optimization of public transport networks and road networks, time dependend assignment in road networks, sub-divided in models and hard and software and road traffic informatics and telematics.

Nijsse, A.; Wamsteker-andriessen, S. J.

1993-01-01

290

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2 questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD, Brazil, 2008  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,048 households were selected from a stratified sample of all permanent households along the country to be interviewed using the Brazilian SF-36 (version 2. Psychometric tests were performed to evaluate the scaling assumptions based on IQOLA methodology. Results Data quality was satisfactory with questionnaire completion rate of 100%. The ordering of the item means within scales clustered as hypothesized. All item-scale correlations exceeded the suggested criteria for reliability with success rate of 100% and low floor and ceiling effects. All scales reached the criteria for group comparison and factor analysis identified two principal components that jointly accounted for 67.5% of the total variance. Role emotional and vitality were strongly correlated with physical and mental components, respectively, while social functioning was moderately correlated with both components. Role physical and mental health scales were, respectively, the most valid measures of the physical and mental health component. In the comparisons between groups that differed by the presence or absence of depression, subjects who reported having the disease had lower mean scores in all scales and mental health scale discriminated best between the two groups. Among those healthy and with one, two or three and more chronic illness, the average scores were inverted related to the number of diseases. Body pain, general health and vitality were the most discriminating scales between healthy and diseased groups. Higher scores were associated with individuals of male sex, age below 40 years old and high schooling. Conclusions The Brazilian version of SF-36 performed well and the findings suggested that it is a reliable and valid measure of health related quality of life among the general population as well as a promising measure for research on health inequalities in Brazil.

Vasconcellos Miguel M

2011-08-01

291

Survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report documents the results of a survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) undertaken with the support of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Superconductivity Pilot Center. Each survey entry includes the following: Name, address, and other telephone and facsimile numbers of the principal investigator and other staff members; funding for fiscal year 1991, 1992, 1993; brief descriptions of the program, the technical progress to date, and the expected technical progress; a note on any other collaboration. Included with the survey are recommendations intended to help DOE decide how best to support SMES research and development (R ampersand D). To summarize, I would say that important elements of a well-rounded SMES research program for DOE are as follows. (1) Construction of a large ETM. (2) Development of SMES as an enabling technology for solar and wind generation, especially in conjunction with the ETM program, if possible. (3) Development of small SMES units for electric networks, for rapid transit, and as noninterruptible power supplies [uses (2), (3), and (4) above]. In this connection, lightweight, fiber-reinforced polymer structures, which would be especially advantageous for space and transportation applications, should be developed. (4) Continued study of the potential impacts of high-temperature superconductors on SMES, with construction as soon as feasible of small SMES units using high-temperature superconductors (HTSs)

292

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1986  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1986. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 2 figs., 20 tabs

293

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1989. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 17 tabs., 2 figs

294

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1985. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

295

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1990  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1990. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 11 refs., 16 tabs., 2 figs

296

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1987. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorized limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 18 tabs., 2 figs

297

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories. 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1983. These results are satisfactory. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is 1 per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

298

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1982. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is 1% of the most conservative limit recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council for exposure extending over many years

299

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1984. These results are satisfactory. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

300

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of an environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1988. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. 9 refs., 17 tabs., 2 figs

 
 
 
 
301

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS FROM FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA REGARDING THEIR MOTIVATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: In recent years there has been a significant increase in the number and value of projects implemented by medical universities in Bulgaria. The involvement of representatives of the student community in the research teams increases their knowledge and skills and in this way they also gain experience in team work and become motivated to further develop their science careers. Aim: The purpose of our study is by analyzing data from our questionnaire to examine the level of students?...

Svetoslav Garov; Maria Dencheva; Angelina Kisselova

2013-01-01

302

Researchers' opinions towards the communication of results of biobank research: a survey study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Eighty Dutch investigators (response 41%) involved in biobank research responded to a web-based survey addressing communication of results of biobank research to individual participants. Questions addressed their opinion towards an obligation to communicate results and related issues such as ownership of blood samples, privacy, therapeutic relationship, costs and implications for participants. Most researchers (74%) indicated that participants only have to be informed when results have implic...

Meulenkamp, Tineke M.; Gevers, Sjef Jk; Bovenberg, Jasper A.; Smets, Ellen Ma

2012-01-01

303

Green Cellular Networks: A Survey, Some Research Issues and Challenges  

CERN Document Server

Energy efficiency in cellular networks is a growing concern for cellular operators to not only maintain profitability, but also to reduce the overall environment effects. This emerging trend of achieving energy efficiency in cellular networks is motivating the standardization authorities and network operators to continuously explore future technologies in order to bring improvements in the entire network infrastructure. In this article, we present a brief survey of methods to improve the power efficiency of cellular networks, explore some research issues and challenges and suggest some techniques to enable an energy efficient or "green" cellular network. Since base stations consume a maximum portion of the total energy used in a cellular system, we will first provide a comprehensive survey on techniques to obtain energy savings in base stations. Next, we discuss how heterogenous network deployment based on micro, pico and femto-cells can be used to achieve this goal. Since cognitive radio and cooperative rela...

Hasan, Ziaul; Bhargava, Vijay K

2011-01-01

304

A newly introduced comprehensive consultation fee in the national health insurance system in Japan. A promotive effect of multidisciplinary medical care in the field of radiation oncology. Results from a questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The consultation fee for outpatient radiotherapy was newly introduced in the national health insurance system in Japan in April 2012. We conducted a survey on the use of this consultation fee and its effect on clinical practices. The health insurance committee of the Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology conducted a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire form was mailed to 160 councilors of the Society, the target questionees. A total of 94 answers (58% of the target questionees) sent back were used for analyses. The analyses revealed that 75% of the hospitals charged most of the patients who receive radiotherapy in an outpatient setting a consultation fee. The introduction of the consultation fee led to some changes in radiation oncology clinics, as evidenced by the response of 'more careful observations by medical staff' in 37% of questionees and a 12% increase in the number of full-time radiation oncology nurses. It was also shown that the vast majority (92%) of radiation oncologists expected a positive influence of the consultation fee on radiation oncology clinics in Japan. Our questionnaire survey revealed the present status of the use of a newly introduced consultation fee for outpatient radiotherapy, and the results suggested its possible effect on promoting a multidisciplinary medical care system in radiation oncology departments in Japan. (author)

305

Survey of biomass gasification. Volume III. Current technology and research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This survey of biomass gasification was written to aid the Department of Energy and the Solar Energy Research Institute Biological and Chemical Conversion Branch in determining the areas of gasification that are ready for commercialization now and those areas in which further research and development will be most productive. Chapter 8 is a survey of gasifier types. Chapter 9 consists of a directory of current manufacturers of gasifiers and gasifier development programs. Chapter 10 is a sampling of current gasification R and D programs and their unique features. Chapter 11 compares air gasification for the conversion of existing gas/oil boiler systems to biomass feedstocks with the price of installing new biomass combustion equipment. Chapter 12 treats gas conditioning as a necessary adjunct to all but close-coupled gasifiers, in which the product is promptly burned. Chapter 13 evaluates, technically and economically, synthesis-gas processes for conversion to methanol, ammonia, gasoline, or methane. Chapter 14 compiles a number of comments that have been assembled from various members of the gasifier community as to possible roles of the government in accelerating the development of gasifier technology and commercialization. Chapter 15 includes recommendations for future gasification research and development.

None

1980-04-01

306

Towards a definition of refractory neuropathic pain for epidemiological research. An international Delphi survey of experts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Best current estimates of neuropathic pain (NeuP prevalence come from studies using various screening detecting pain with probable neuropathic features; the proportion experiencing significant, long-term NeuP, and the proportion not responding to standard treatment are unknown. These “refractory” cases are the most clinically important to detect, being the most severe, requiring specialist treatment. Methods We report an international Delphi survey of experts in NeuP, aiming for consensus on the features required to define, for epidemiological research: (1 neuropathic pain; and (2 when NeuP is “refractory”. A web-based questionnaire was developed and data collected from three rounds of questionnaires from nineteen experts. Results There was good consensus on essential inclusion of six items to identify NeuP (“prickling, tingling, pins & needles”, “pain evoked by light touch”, “electric shocks or shooting pain”, “hot or burning” pain, “brush allodynia on self-examination”, and “relevant history” and on some items that were non-essential. Consensus was also reached on components of a “refractory NeuP” definition: minimum duration (one year; number of trials of drugs of known effectiveness (four; adequate duration of these trials (three months / maximum tolerated; outcomes of treatment (pain severity, quality of life. Further work needs to validate these proposed criteria in general population research. Conclusions This paper presents an international consensus on measuring the epidemiology of refractory neuropathic pain. This will be valuable in reaching an agreed estimate of the prevalence of neuropathic pain, and the first estimate of refractory neuropathic pain prevalence.

Smith Blair H

2012-05-01

307

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This survey of environmental conditions in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1981 indicates no significant radiological hazard to the general public. This result is consistent with the fact that controlled airborne and liquid effluent releases throughout the year were maintained within the authorised limits, and also indicates that there were no significant accidental releases. Residual cobalt-60 and zinc-65 activity in the Woronora River has decreased since the cessation of controlled liquid effluent discharges in 1980. No trends are obvious, in any of the data, which could lead to future problems from continued operation on the present scale

308

A Survey of Theoretical and Experimental Coaxial Rotor Aerodynamic Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The recent appearance of the Kamov Ka-50 helicopter and the application of coaxial rotors to unmanned aerial vehicles have renewed international interest in the coaxial rotor configuration. This report addresses the aerodynamic issues peculiar to coaxial rotors by surveying American, Russian, Japanese, British, and German research. (Herein, 'coaxial rotors' refers to helicopter, not propeller, rotors. The intermeshing rotor system was not investigated.) Issues addressed are separation distance, load sharing between rotors, wake structure, solidity effects, swirl recovery, and the effects of having no tail rotor. A general summary of the coaxial rotor configuration explores the configuration's advantages and applications.

Coleman, Colin P.

1997-01-01

309

Does organic food intervention in the Danish schools lead to change dietary patterns? : results of a web based questionnaire survey among Danish school food coordinatorsR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for the growing prevalence of obese and overweight children. Schools are well suited setting for the learning of children and young people, and this influence has the potential to play an important role in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. The school at the same time is the focus of public organic food supply strategies as well as the focus of innovation strategies that can increase the availability of healthier food options. These strategies in some cases go hand in hand. The purpose of this research was to examine whether organic food intervention strategies in school meal system could support the development of healthier eating patterns among children and adolescents. An important precondition for this is that the food environment becomes supportive for such eating. In the current study this was determined through the comparisons between the food strategies of “organic” school to that of “non organic” schools in Denmark.Provision of meals in Danish schools in not compulsory and function as an “value adding service” that schools and municipalities can decide on locally. Therefore the study was undertaken u among school food coordinators in selected Danish primary schools that was known to provide school meals. The study was conducted by means of a web-based questionnaire. The data shows the relations regarding the school food service between different types of schools, and also based on the ways and methods of food provision. Results indicate that organic food intervention strategies can be supportive for strategies that increase the healthiness of school eating environments. This eventually might play a positive role in the efforts done to counteract the development of obesity and overweight issues among the children in these selected Danish schools.

He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2010-01-01

310

A Survey of Placement Policies for Ninth-Grade Mathematics. Research Series No. 61.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of ninth-grade student placement policies in Michigan secondary schools was conducted. Two central questions were: (1) Who makes the placement decision; and (2) What are the most frequently used criteria in making that decision? Two-hundred Michigan secondary schools were selected at random and questionnaires were sent to chairpersons of…

Belli, Gabriella

311

A SURVEY OF RESEARCH IN STEPPING-STONE DETECTION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Stepping-stone is a method that directs network connections from an attacker to a victim through one or more intermediate compromised systems or devices. The objective of this scheme is to hide the attacker’s identity (provide anonymity and make traceback either difficult or impossible. Evasion techniques that are used to hide this process include encryption, introduction of dummy packets (chaff into the stream, introducing delay into the timing of the packet stream, using multiple compromised hosts in long connection chains (many hops, and intermixing command and control traffic with multimedia traffic to mask traffic characteristics. This paper provides a survey that focuses on characteristic based, interactive stepping-stone detection and analysis techniques. An overview of the field of research is presented with critique of some of the methods used. We also provide some interesting topics for additional research.

Robert Shullich

2011-12-01

312

A review and evaluation of the Langley Research Center's Scientific and Technical Information Program. Results of phase 4: Knowledge and attitudes survey, academic and industrial personnel  

Science.gov (United States)

Feedback from engineers and scientists in the academic and industrial community provided an assessment of the usage and perceived quality of NASA Langley generated STI and the familiarity and usage of selected NASA publications and services and identified ways to increase the accessibility of Langley STI. The questionnaire utilized both open and closed ended questions and was pretested for finalization. The questions were organized around the seven objectives for Phase IV. From a contact list of nearly 1,200 active industrial and academic researchers, approximately 600 addresses were verified. The 497 persons who agreed to participate were mailed questionnaires. The 381 completed questionnaires received by the cutoff date were analyzed. Based on the survey findings, recommendations were made for increasing the familiarity with and use of NASA and Langley STI and selected NASA publications and services. In addition, recommendations were made for increasing the accessibility of Langley STI.

Pinelli, T. E.; Glassman, M.; Glassman, N. A.

1981-01-01

313

The Training Process of Civil Servants Employees in Ministry of Economic Development in Kosovo: Effect of Training through the Prism of Participants and Interpretation of Employee Questionnaire Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Institutions of Public Administration in the Republic of Kosovo are relatively new institutions. This Paper addresses the need for a more carefully specified training process for the civil servant employees of the Ministry of Economic Development [MED]. The paper has assessed the trainings provided during the period 2005-2011, focusing on the effects and results for increase of skills and knowledge of trained employees. Despite the large number of training topics it has never been clear how effective they were, what knowledge and skills the employees gained through these trainings and whether they have increased their skills and applied in their workplace. This study was conducted to improve the performance of MED employees and to design trainings that enable employees to gain new skills and knowledge. During the research activities, especially from the first survey conducted with MED officials it was noticed that there was a discrepancy between the organized training courses and shown results at work by the trained officers. It is recommended to design an effective evaluation process on training. MED, has not issued any report on how effective the previous training have been, what new skills and knowledge an employee has applied at his/her workplace. This lack not only faded the whole process of trainings, but it demotivated employees on taking seriously the training process

Florina Mehaj-Kosumi

2013-04-01

314

Research and Development (R&D) Series 09/04 – Northern Ireland Irish Hare Survey 2009  

Northern Ireland Irish Hare Survey 2009 www.ni-environment.gov.uk NI Irish Hare Survey 2009 Research and Development Series 09/04 A report commissioned by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency Northern Ireland Irish...

315

Community-based Participatory Research in the California Health Interview Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction The California Health Interview Survey, the largest state health survey in the United States, uses community-based participatory research principles to develop each cycle. Other large-scale health surveys rarely include participatory research approaches. Every 2 years, the California Health Interview Survey generates state and local population-based data on health insurance coverage, access to health care, chronic disease prevalence and management, health behaviors and disease pr...

E Richard Brown, Phd; Sue Holtby, Mph; Elaine Zahnd, Phd; George B Abbott, Md

2005-01-01

316

78 FR 23743 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Bureau censuses and surveys. The clearance will...economic census and survey questionnaires prior...the questionnaire or survey procedure: Cognitive interviews, focus groups...respondent debriefing, behavior coding of...

2013-04-22

317

A Survey: Recent Advances and Future Trends in Honeypot Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a survey on recent advances in honeypot research from a review of 80+ papers on honeypots and related topics mostly published after year 2005. This paper summarizes 60 papers that had significant contribution to the field. In reviewing the literature, it became apparent that the research can be broken down into five major areas: ? new types of honeypots to cope with emergent new security threats, ? utilizing honeypot output data to improve the accuracy in threat detections, ? configuring honeypots to reduce the cost of maintaining honeypots as well as to improve the accuracy in threat detections, ? counteracting honeypot detections by attackers, and ? legal and ethical issues in using honeypots. Our literature reviews indicate that the advances in the first four areas reflect the recent changes in our networking environments, such as those in user demography and the ways those diverse users use new applications. Our literature reviews on legal and ethical issues in using honeypots reveals that there has not been widely accepted agreement on the legal and ethical issues about honeypots, which must be an important agenda in future honeypot research.

Matthew L. Bringer

2012-09-01

318

Recognition of malfunction of implantable cardiac pacemaker due to X-ray irradiation by medical radiological technologists. Analysis of the questionnaire survey by new graduate from schools of technologists  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Malfunction of an implanted cardiac pacemaker may be caused by X-ray irradiation techniques such as CT scan. However, it is not clear whether this phenomenon is well recognized by medical radiological technologists. However, this issue was included on the 2008 examinations for national board of the medical radiological technologist. To determine the percentage of radiological technologists who recognize this cause of pacemaker malfunction, we conducted questionnaire survey regarding pacemaker malfunction among new graduates undergoing the national board examination. A total of 296 graduates from 7 schools for medical radiological technologists were surveyed. The questionnaire item was 'what did you choose as the answer to the question related to this issue on the 2008 examination for national board.' Of 296 graduates, only 167 (56.4%) could answer correctly. The percentage of graduates answering correctly ranged from 11 to 96% among the 7 schools. Implanted cardiac pacemaker malfunction following X-ray irradiation is one of the important adverse effects of irradiation and is essential knowledge for radiological technologists. Although the percentage of correct responses to this question from the national board was not announced, our survey indicated a very important finding, and the teaching method regarding this issue requires immediate revision. (author)

319

Model Checking of Statechart Models: Survey and Research Directions  

CERN Document Server

We survey existing approaches to the formal verification of statecharts using model checking. Although the semantics and subset of statecharts used in each approach varies considerably, along with the model checkers and their specification languages, most approaches rely on translating the hierarchical structure into the flat representation of the input language of the model checker. This makes model checking difficult to scale to industrial models, as the state space grows exponentially with flattening. We look at current approaches to model checking hierarchical structures and find that their semantics is significantly different from statecharts. We propose to address the problem of state space explosion using a combination of techniques, which are proposed as directions for further research.

Bhaduri, P

2004-01-01

320

VERIFICATION SURVEY ACTIVITIES IN FS SURVEY UNITS 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 & 14 AT THE SEPARATIONS PROCESS RESEARCH UNIT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

FINAL INTERIM REPORT VERIFICATION SURVEY ACTIVITIES IN FINAL STATUS SURVEY UNITS 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 AND 14 AT THE SEPARATIONS PROCESS RESEARCH UNIT, Niskayuna, New York 0496-SR-03-0. The Separations Process Research Unit (SPRU) facilities were constructed in the late 1940s to research the chemical separation of plutonium and uranium. SPRU operated between February 1950 and October 1953. The research activities ceased following the successful development of the reduction/oxidation and plutonium/uranium extraction processes that were subsequently used by the Hanford and the Savannah River sites.

M.G. JADICK

2010-05-26

 
 
 
 
321

Health-related quality of life after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in elderly patients with an ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir: a comparative questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To compare the health-related quality of life of elderly patients after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in urinary diversion groups: ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir. The 109 participating elderly patients aged 75 or older completed self-reporting questionnaires: the QLQ-C30, and on satisfaction with urinary diversion methods. Fifty-six patients had undergone constructions for ileal conduit diversion, 31 for ureterocutaneostomy, and 22 for orthotopic u...

Saika, Takashi; Arata, Ryoji; Tsushima, Tomoyasu; Nasu, Yasutomo; Suyama, Bunzo; Takeda, Katsuji; Ebara, Shin; Manabe, Daisuke; Kobayashi, Tomoko; Tanimoto, Ryuta; Kumon, Hiromi

2007-01-01

322

Research training during medical residency (MIR): Satisfaction questionnaire Formación investigadora durante la residencia MIR: Encuesta de satisfacción  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: it is during Medical Residency Training (MIR) that knowledge, abilities and habits are acquired, which will shape professional activity in the future. It is therefore very likely that residents who do not acquire the necessary habits and knowledge for research activities will eventually not carry out these activities in the future. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of satisfaction of residents with his or her scientific and research training, and to determine any de...

Ri?os Zambudio, A.; Sa?nchez Gasco?n, F.; Gonza?lez Moro, L.; Guerrero Ferna?ndez, M.

2004-01-01

323

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarises the results from the environmental survey during 1992 and assesses the effects of radioactive discharges on both local population and the environment. None of the samples taken from possible human food chains in the vicinity of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories contained radioactivity which could be attributed to the operation of the site. The data presented din this report clearly shows that the environmental impact of operations at LHRL has been very low. The effective dose to residents living in the immediate neighbourhood of the reactor are very difficult to measure directly but calculated dose estimates are far lower than those due to natural background radiation and medical exposures. Discharges of airborne radioactive gases were within authorised limits when averaged over the year. The dose to the most sensitive members of the public from iodine-131 releases, was -2 mSv/year and the calculated dose from released noble gases to the most exposed individuals was less than 0.01 mSv/year. These figures represent less than one per cent of the limits recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. The monthly average liquid effluent discharge to the Water Board Sewer during 1992 was less than 30 per cent of the permitted level for all periods except May which rose to 62 per cent. For tritium, the concentration was less than 2 per cent of the specified limit. 23 refs., 19 tabs., 5 tabs

324

Sequential Pattern Mining: Survey and Current Research Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of sequence Data Mining was first introduced by Rakesh Agrawal and Ramakrishnan Srikant in the year 1995. The problem was first introduced in the context of market analysis. It aimed to retrieve frequent patterns in the sequences of products purchased by customers through time ordered transactions. Later on its application was extended to complex applications like telecommunication, network detection, DNA research, etc. Several algorithms were proposed. The very first was Apriori algorithm, which was put forward by the founders themselves. Later more scalable algorithms for complex applications were developed. E.g. GSP, Spade, PrefixSpan etc. The area underwent considerable advancements since its introduction in a short span. In this paper, a systematic survey of the sequential pattern mining algorithms is performed. This paper investigates these algorithms by classifying study of sequential pattern-mining algorithms into two broad categories. First, on the basis of algorithms which are designed to increase efficiency of mining and second, on the basis of various extensions of sequential pattern mining designed for certain application. At the end, comparative analysis is done on the basis of important key features supported by various algorithms and current research challenges are discussed in this field of data mining.

Chetna Chand

2012-03-01

325

Survey of Postdoctorates at FFRDCs: Final Report [Federally Funded Research and Development Centers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 2009 FFRDC survey collected the total number of postdocs employed by FFRDCs in the United States—categorized by source of support, citizenship, sex, and field of research—as of October 1, 2009. The universe for the 2009 GSS-FFRDC survey was the Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. The 2009 survey also contacted the NIH’s Intramural Research Program because it employs the largest number of postdocs in the federal government. The FFRDC survey collected data via a web instrument. Topics included the type of support the postdocs received (federal and nonfederal), their sex, citizenship, race/ethnicity, and field of research.

Mulrow, Jeri

2010-06-30

326

THE QUESTIONNAIRE ON SOCIOCULTURAL CONTEXT IN EATING DISORDERS DEVELOPED BY MACIEJ PILECKI AND BARBARA JÓZEFIK - A SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT STAGE OF WORK ON THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. To create the most coherent version of the scales of The Questionnaire on Sociocultural Context developed by Maciej Pilecki and Barbara Józefik and to assess the relationship that they have with disordered eating and eating disorders. Method. Firstly, a factor analysis on selected items of the research instrument based on a population of 614 girls attending Krakow schools was conducted. Then, in the same group, an analysis of the relationship between the obtained factors and the results of the Polish version of the The Eating Attitude Test (EAT26 was performed. Subsequently, a comparison of the obtained factors was conducted between 47 teenage female patients diagnosed with restrictive anorexia nervosa, 16 diagnosed with binge/purge anorexia, 34 with a diagnosis of bulimia and 76 schoolgirls with a low risk of presenting eating disorders (EAT26?19 points. Results. Coherent 7-scaled factorial structure of the tool including 32 out of 62 of the items of the questionnaire was obtained, relating to areas such as: the importance of thinness and media pressure on it, pressure for thinness, family success, a negative assessment of family context, the importance of control, the cultural importance of the problem, peer group pressure. The created scales retain 50.4% common factor variance and the achieved Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the scales were as follows respectively: 0.747; 0.850; 0.737; 0.617; 0.593; 0.668; 0.544. Obtained scales significantly differentiated the girls in the context of the prevalence of disturbed eating and eating disorders, particularly the girls with bulimic symptoms. Conclusions. The results of the current stage of work on the in strument are promising. However, the questionnaire does require further transformations.

Pilecki, Maciej

2014-06-01

327

Peanut allergy in relation to heredity, maternal diet, and other atopic diseases: results of a questionnaire survey, skin prick testing, and food challenges.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of other atopic manifestations in people with peanut allergy and the prevalence of such allergy in their families. DESIGN: A survey of people with self reported peanut allergy and people referred by their general practitioner for suspected peanut allergy; survey and skin testing of 50 children with reported peanut allergy and their available first degree relatives. SUBJECTS: 622 adults and children with reported, suspected, or known peanut allergy. MAIN OUTCOME ...

Hourihane, J. O.; Dean, T. P.; Warner, J. O.

1996-01-01

328

Present and past experiences in GL management and research: A questionnaire survey on Italian participants to GL Events  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Libraries carry out a central role in the process of dissemination of scientific information. Particularly regarding grey literature, libraries have played a key role in overcoming obstacles to full access thereby contributing to the full inclusion of grey literature in the scientific communication network. This activity has been carried out with the development of grey literature produced within their organizations through specific collection-development policies and ad hoc bibliographic and...

Di Cesare, Rosa; Ruggieri, Roberta; Cerbara, Loredana; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2006-01-01

329

Regulator and industry Co-operation on safety research: challenges and opportunities. Final report and answers to questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Group has been set up by the CSNI to identify and review the issues which hinder closer co-operation on research between regulators and industry, and to propose possible ways for resolving such issues while maintaining regulatory independence in decision-making. The Group has analyzed the potential advantages and disadvantages of regulator-industry collaboration in safety research and has also provided indications on how to overcome possible difficulties that can arise from such collaboration. The Group focused in particular on the issue of regulator independence, on means to preserve it and ways to demonstrate it to the public while undertaking collaboration with industry

330

Community-based Participatory Research in the California Health Interview Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction The California Health Interview Survey, the largest state health survey in the United States, uses community-based participatory research principles to develop each cycle. Other large-scale health surveys rarely include participatory research approaches. Every 2 years, the California Health Interview Survey generates state and local population-based data on health insurance coverage, access to health care, chronic disease prevalence and management, health behaviors and disease prevention, and other health issues in California. The survey is used for policy and program development, advocacy, and research. Methods The development of the California Health Interview Survey involves more than 145 people from more than 60 state and local policymaking bodies, public health agencies, advocacy groups, research organizations, and health care organizations. They participate as volunteers in an advisory board, on technical advisory committees, and in work groups that interact with California Health Interview Survey research staff in an accountable advisory process that shapes survey topics, measures, and sample design and determines languages selected for translation. Survey results and data are provided to the communities involved in the survey. Results California Health Interview Survey data have been widely used by local, state, and national public health leaders, policymakers, advocates, and researchers to improve access to health insurance and health care services and to develop and target prevention programs for obesity and chronic illnesses. Conclusion The California Health Interview Survey participatory research model has been an effective approach to planning and implementing a health survey and should be considered by developers of other large health surveys.

E. Richard Brown, PhD

2005-09-01

331

Health-related quality of life after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in elderly patients with an ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir: a comparative questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available To compare the health-related quality of life of elderly patients after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in urinary diversion groups: ileal conduit, ureterocutaneostomy, or orthotopic urinary reservoir. The 109 participating elderly patients aged 75 or older completed self-reporting questionnaires: the QLQ-C30, and on satisfaction with urinary diversion methods. Fifty-six patients had undergone constructions for ileal conduit diversion, 31 for ureterocutaneostomy, and 22 for orthotopic urinary reservoir (OUR. The median follow-up period for each group was 4.0 years (range 0.3-11.2, 4.5 years (range 0.3-18.0, and 3.3 years (range 0.3-6.7, respectively. Regardless of the type of urinary diversion, the majority of patients reported having good overall quality of life, although with some problem of pain. No significant differences among urinary diversion subgroups were found in any quality of life area in the QLQ-C30 questionnaire. More patients in the OUR sub-group felt disappointment than those in the ileal conduit or cutaneostomy sub-groups. However, a questionnaire which asked which diversion method would be preferable showed a trend that more patients in the OUR subgroup would have chosen the same one. Health-related quality of life appeared relatively good in these 3 groups. Patient demands and expectations may be so different from the results that the details of each urinary diversion method should be explained thoroughly. OUR construction could be a candidate even for elderly patients.

Saika,Takashi

2007-08-01

332

The short form 36 health status questionnaire: clues from the Oxford region's normative data about its usefulness in measuring health gain in population surveys.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the potential of the short form 36 health status questionnaire (SF-36) for indicating changes in the health status of a general population by examining the recently published normative data. DESIGN: The sensitivity of the SF-36 was tested through hypothesising two dramatic changes in health status whereby (i) the scores of people in social class V are improved to the level of social class I, and (ii) the scores of men and women aged 55 to 64 are altered to the level o...

Ziebland, S.

1995-01-01

333

Questionnaire-based survey on structural quality of hospitals and nursing homes for the elderly, their staffing with infection control personal, and implementation of infection control measures in Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [english] From January to May 2012, 1,860 hospitals throughout Germany received a questionnaire encompassing 77 items. Additionally, 300 outpatient care services and 310 nursing homes for elderly in Berlin also received a 10-item questionnaire asking on their implemented infection control practices. All questionnaires were anonymous. A total of 229 completed questionnaires from hospitals, 14 questionnaires from outpatient care services, and 16 questionnaires from nursing homes were eligible for further analysis.The lack of Infection Control physicians was identified as the largest issue. In hospitals sized 400–999 beds a gap of 71%, and in hospitals sized ?1,000 beds a gap of 17% was reported. Depending on the number of hospital beds, 13–29% of hospitals sized ?100 beds reported not havening one infection control nurse. Since based on the number of beds in larger institutions or in facilities caring for high-risk patients several infection control nurses may be required, the deficiency in infection control nurses may even be higher, particularly in secondary and tertiary care facilities. Furthermore, the analysis revealed that the legal requirements for surveillance and reporting of notifiable infectious diseases have not yet been implemented in 11% of the facilities. The implementation of antibiotic strategies did show significant gaps. However, deficiencies in the implemented measures for the prevention of surgical site infections were less frequent. Yet 12% of the participants did not have a dedicated infection control concept for their surgical services. Eight percent of hospitals were not prepared for an outbreak management and 10% did not have established regulations for wearing surgical scrubs. Deficiencies in waste disposal and the control of air-conditioning systems were also noted. Based on the results of this survey, conclusions on the optimal resource allocation for further improvement of patient safety may be drawn.While all participating nursing homes had some sort of infection control consultation, this only applied to 12 out of 16 outpatient nursing services. However, all 16 nursing services worked on the basis of an implemented infection control plan. Though legally binding hygiene recommendations have not yet been implemented for nursing homes, the necessity of infection control to assure patient safety has obviously been recognised throughout these services.

Kramer, A.

2013-04-01

334

10 CFR 35.604 - Surveys of patients and human research subjects treated with a remote afterloader unit.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Surveys of patients and human research subjects treated with a remote...604 Surveys of patients and human research subjects treated with a remote...Before releasing a patient or a human research subject from licensee...

2010-01-01

335

[A questionnaire study among 171 medical candidates enrolled in a PhD program. Three elements in the PhD education: supervision, research courses and international relations].  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred and seventy-one medical doctors (median age 34 years) registered as Ph.D.-students at the Medical Faculty, University of Aarhus, were given a questionnaire concerning the Ph.D-program (91% reply rate). The Ph.D.-students had typically graduated four years before enrollment and had gained basic clinical experience. Eighty-four percent had been involved in research projects prior to their formal research education. In general, the Ph.D.-students found the supervision offered by senior researchers adequate, although, more Ph.D.-students in clinical than in preclinical departments would have liked their main supervisor to be more enthusiastic and have more specific expertise. By tradition, the Medical Faculty in Aarhus offers a broad introductory course on research methodology, this was appreciated by the Ph.D.-students. However, they found that too much time was allocated for this purpose. The Ministry of Education recommends that Ph.D.-students gain experience from international collaboration, preferably from a stay abroad. However, only 24% of Ph.D.-students had stayed at an international collaborating institution. Although the overall evaluation of the medical Ph.d.-program was positive, the Ph.D.-students pointed out weaknesses and conflicts requiring adjustment. PMID:9816962

Hauge, E M; Grønbaek, H

1998-11-01

336

CAFES 2009 New Student Survey Report. Survey Research Center Report 2010/3  

Science.gov (United States)

During Academic Day, September 1, 2009, incoming freshmen and transfer students in the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences (CAFES) were asked to complete a one-page questionnaire designed to find out: (1) how they learned about UW-River Falls as an option for their tertiary education; (2) what factors most influenced their…

Speerstra, Mandy; Trechter, David

2010-01-01

337

Prioritising neonatal medicines research: UK Medicines for Children Research Network scoping survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The dosing regimen and indications for many medicines in current use in neonatology are not well defined. There is a need to prioritise research in this area, but currently there is little information about which drugs are used in UK neonatal units and the research needs in this area as perceived by UK neonatologists. Methods The Neonatal Clinical Studies Group (CSG of the Medicines for Children Research Network (MCRN undertook a 2 week prospective scoping survey study to establish which medicines are used in UK neonatal units; how many babies are receiving them; and what clinicians (and other health professionals believe are important issues for future research. Results 49 out of 116 units responded to at least one element of the survey (42%. 37 units reported the number of neonates who received medicines over a 2 week period. A total of 3924 medicine-patient pairs were reported with 119 different medicines. 70% of medicine-patient pairs involved medicines that were missing either a license or dose for either term or preterm neonates. 4.3% of medicine-patient pairs involved medicines that were missing both license and dose for any neonate. The most common therapeutic gap in need of additional research identified by UK neonatologists was chronic lung disease (21 responding units, followed by patent ductus arteriosus and vitamin supplements (11 responding units for both Conclusion The research agenda for neonatal medicines can be informed by knowledge of current medicine use and the collective views of the neonatal community.

Hawcutt Daniel B

2009-08-01

338

Safety culture assessment programme: Statistical analysis of a survey conducted at the IEA-R1 Brazilian research reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The present study describes the statistical analysis of a survey conducted among the employees of IEA-R1 research reactor to evaluate the current status of safety culture in this installation. IEA-R1 is a 5 MW pool type reactor, cooled and moderated by light water, and it uses graphite and beryllium as reflectors. First criticality was achieved on September 16, 1957 and the reactor has been operating regularly and safely for almost 46 years. The reactor building is located within the premises of IPEN/CNEN-SP, one of the Brazilian institutes for energy and nuclear research, inside the campus of the University of Sao Paulo. The operation, maintenance and irradiation services of IEA-R1 reactor are currently being administered by the Research Reactor Center. The safety culture assessment and enhancement programme of IEA-R1 was launched by the reactor management in 2002. An opinion survey was conducted in order to evaluate the employee's perception in relation to the safety culture of the organization. A questionnaire consisting, mainly, of statements about safety culture aspects was prepared. A total number of 34 individuals participated in the survey representing the personnel of the Operation and Maintenance Division, Irradiation Service Division as well as the technicians specialized in Radiation Protection. The statistical analysis of the survey was developed into three principal steps. In the first step, descriptive techniques were used to estimate paramete techniques were used to estimate parameters of the statistical distribution of the answers to each question of the questionnaire. In the second step, the aspects of safety culture to be investigated were defined by grouping these questions into issue areas. The safety culture aspects determined were: Priority to Safety, Top Management Involvement and Commitment to Safety, Employees' Attitude Towards Safety, Employees' Responsibilities and Commitment to Safety, Employees' Evaluation of Safety Culture Level, Conflict 'Absence of Safety x Reactor Production', Compliance with Regulations and Procedures, Quality of Documentation and Procedures, Openness and Communication, Training and Capabilities, Risk Prevention Notion, Working Conditions, Motivation and Job Satisfaction and Management of Safety. The final step of the analysis consisted of the calculation of the employees' satisfaction level regarding the safety culture aspects previously mentioned. For this latter purpose the Likert - Attitude Scoring Technique was adopted. In this work, the methodology will be described in further details as well as the results and conclusions will be discussed. It is relevant to mention that this analysis has been useful to identify problems and to establish an action plan aiming at the improvement of safety in all the activities performed at IEA-R1 reactor. (author)

339

Radiological imaging of the neck for initial decision-making in oral squamous cell carcinomas-A questionnaire survey in the Nordic countries  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background. Fast and accurate work-up is crucial to ensure the best possible treatment and prognosis for patients with head and neck cancer. The presence or absence of neck lymph node metastases is important for the prognosis and the choice of treatment. Clinical lymph node (N)-staging is done by palpation and diagnostic imaging of the neck. We investigated the current practice of the initial radiological work-up of patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) in the Nordic countries. Methods. A questionnaire regarding the availability and use of guidelines and imaging modalities for radiological N-staging in OSCC was distributed to 21 Head and Neck centres in Denmark (n = 4), Finland (n = 5), Iceland (n = 1), Norway (n = 4) and Sweden (n = 7). We also asked for a description of the radiological criteria for determining the lymph nodes as clinical positive (cN+) or negative (cN0). Results. All 21 Head and Neck centres responded to the questionnaire. Denmark and Finland have national guidelines, while Norway and Sweden have local or regional guidelines. Seventeen of the 19 centres with available guidelines recommended computed tomography (CT) of the cN0 neck. The waiting time may influence the imaging modalities used. Lymph node size was the most commonly used criteria for radiological cN+, but the cut-off measures vary from 0.8 to 2.0 cm. Conclusion. Overall, CT is the most commonly recommended and used imaging modality for OSCC. Despite availability of national guidelines the type and number of radiological examinations vary between centres within a country, but the implementation of a fast-track programme may facilitate fast access to imaging. The absence of uniform criteria for determining the lymph nodes of the neck as cN+ complicates the comparison of the accuracy of the imaging modalities. Well-defined radiological strategies and criteria are needed to optimise the radiological work-up in OSCC.

Norling, Rikke; Grau, Cai

2012-01-01

340

Obesity and its relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors in Canadian adults. Canadian Heart Health Surveys Research Group.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of weight and abdominal obesity among Canadian adults and to determine the association of obesity with other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional surveys. Survey nurses administered a standard questionnaire and recorded two blood pressure measurements during a home visit. At a subsequent visit to a survey clinic two further blood pressure readings were made, anthropometric measurements recorded and a blood sp...

Reeder, B. A.; Angel, A.; Ledoux, M.; Rabkin, S. W.; Young, T. K.; Sweet, L. E.

1992-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Sexuality Research: From Past to Present  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although sex researchers use the same methodology as other social scientists, they are constrained by ethical concerns and taboos which are not experienced in other fields. Because of the taboos surrounding sexuality, some traditional research methods are inappropriate. However, sex research, like most social science researches, uses scientific methodological approaches such as survey research (questionnaires and interviews), observational research, experimental research, clinical research an...

Ku?c?u?kgo?ncu?, Suat; Dog?an, Sultan

2009-01-01

342

2011 Internship & Co-Op Survey. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Association of Colleges and Employers' (NACE's) "2011 Internship & Co-op Survey" indicates that internships are an integral and ever-important part of the college recruiting scene. The survey finds that employers expect to increase internship hiring by about 7 percent this year and co-op positions by nearly 9 percent. Furthermore,…

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

343

Summary of results of the patient exposures in diagnostic radiography in 2011 questionnaire. Focus on radiographic conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We carried out a questionnaire survey to research on radiographic conditions in 3000 institutes. We discussed on radiographic conditions to estimate patient exposures. The collection rate was 24.7%. Most of the institutes shifted to the use of high-voltage generator, digital devices, and filmless equipment. We did not see a shift in this survey of radiographic conditions compared with the 2007 survey. (author)

344

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey) al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS). MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y validación de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de...

Narly Benachi Sandoval; Alejandro Castillo Martínez; Vilaseca Llobet, Josep M.; Susanna Torres Belmonte; Ester Risco Vilarasau

2012-01-01

345

Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was con...

Bian Jiang; Du Maolin; Liu Zhiyue; Fan Yancun; Eshita Yuki; Sun Juan

2012-01-01

346

Appropriate uses and considerations for online surveying in human dimensions research  

Science.gov (United States)

Online surveying has gained attention in recent years for its applicability to human dimensions research as an efficient and inexpensive data-collection method; however, online surveying is not a panacea. In this article, we provide some guidelines for alleviating or avoiding the criticisms and pitfalls suggested of online survey methods and explore two case studies demonstrating different approaches to online surveying. The first was a mixed-mode study of visitors to 52 participating National Wildlife Refuges. The response rate was 72%, with over half of respondents completing the survey online, resulting in cost-savings and efficiencies that would not have otherwise been realized. The second highlighted an online-only approach targeting specialized users of satellite imagery. Through branching and skipping, the online mode allowed flexibilities in administration impractical in a mail survey. The response rate of 53% was higher than typical for online surveys. Both case studies provide examples of appropriate uses of online surveying.

Sexton, Natalie R.; Miller, Holly M.; Dietsch, Alia M.

2011-01-01

347

Questionnaire-based survey on structural quality of hospitals and nursing homes for the elderly, their staffing with infection control personal, and implementation of infection control measures in Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

[english] From January to May 2012, 1,860 hospitals throughout Germany received a questionnaire encompassing 77 items. Additionally, 300 outpatient care services and 310 nursing homes for elderly in Berlin also received a 10-item questionnaire asking on their implemented infection control practices. All questionnaires were anonymous. A total of 229 completed questionnaires from hospitals, 14 questionnaires from outpatient care services, and 16 questionnaires from nursing homes were eligible f...

Kramer, A.; Assadian, O.; Helfrich, J.; Kru?ger, C.; Pfenning, I.; Ryll, S.; Perner, A.; Loczenski, B.

2013-01-01

348

Questionnaire-based survey on structural quality of hospitals and nursing homes for the elderly, their staffing with infection control personal, and implementation of infection control measures in Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

From January to May 2012, 1,860 hospitals throughout Germany received a questionnaire encompassing 77 items. Additionally, 300 outpatient care services and 310 nursing homes for elderly in Berlin also received a 10-item questionnaire asking on their implemented infection control practices. All questionnaires were anonymous. A total of 229 completed questionnaires from hospitals, 14 questionnaires from outpatient care services, and 16 questionnaires from nursing homes were eligible for further...

Kramer, A.; Assadian, O.; Helfrich, J.; Kru?ger, C.; Pfenning, I.; Ryll, S.; Perner, A.; Loczenski, B.

2013-01-01

349

The use of the Delphi survey as a research tool in understanding church trends  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english In the practical theological research process, as in most disciplines, extant literature is vital in assisting a researcher to formulate a foundational understanding of the topic under review. A literature review is also valuable in understanding the meta-theoretical aspects of the research topic. W [...] hat does a researcher do, though, if there is little current literature on the topic under scrutiny? If there is a small corpus of literature around a subject, the Delphi method can serve as an extremely helpful research tool. This article discussed the use of the Delphi survey in a practical theological research endeavour and surveyed its history from inception to current usage. The article also reviewed the various types of Delphi survey and supported the use of the Lockean Delphi survey in this particular example of practical theological research. The article finished with an actual Delphi survey of Canadian Evangelical church pastors as an example of how the Delphi method can be used as a research tool in practical theology. The article concluded that the Delphi survey is an extremely useful research tool across the wide domain of social science research.

Robert L., Elkington; George, Lotter.

350

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio Carnevalli

2013-06-01

351

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio Carnevalli

2012-01-01

352

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey / Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% [...] de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais. Abstract in english The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that [...] most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio, Carnevalli; Paulo Augusto Cauchick, Miguel; Mario Sergio, Salerno.

2013-06-01

353

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors. Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the aspect of future additional approval of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the title tumors in the health insurance, its usefulness was studied by questionnaire to 18 facilities, where PET had been conducted for those tumors in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). Subjects were 75 cases (42 males, 33 females; 3-82 years old) in 20 diseases, which involved 21 cases of osteosarcoma, 7 of leiomyosarcoma, 8 of Ewing sarcoma, 6 of liposarcoma, 5 of hemangiosarcoma, 4 of synovial sarcoma, each 3 of rhabdomyosarcoma, giant cell tumor, Schwannoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, each 2 of chondrosarcoma, alveolar soft part sarcoma, each one of epithelioid sarcoma, endometrial storomal sarcoma, hibernoma, fibrosarcoma, multiple osteochondroma, sacral chondroma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and neurofibromatosis. Obtained were the judgments of highly useful in 5 diseases, fairly useful in 4, useful in 3, and useful/inconclusive due to the only one case in 8. FDG-PET was thus found useful in all diseases examined. (R.T.)

354

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of gastric cancer, duodenal ampullary cancer and gastrointestinal storomal tumor (GIST). Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the three cancers in the title (gastric cancer (GC), duodenal ampullary cancer (DAC) and gastrointestinal storomal tumor (GIST), respectively) is not approved in the health insurance despite their high morbidity in Japan. Clinical usefulness and economical effectiveness in PET diagnosis of these cancers were studied by questionnaire to facilities, where PET had been conducted for the cancers in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). Patients with GC were 173 cases (120 males, 53 females; mean age 65.3 y), with DAC, 10 (8, 2; 67.6 y), and with GIST, 15 (10, 5; 59.9 y). Obtained were the judgments in GC diagnosis of more useful in 47.4%, equally in 45.1% and less in 7.5%; in DAC, 20, 70 and 10%; and in GIST, 40, 46.7 and 13.3%, respectively. More useful was found in the primary lesion and useful, in the metastatic and recurrent lesions. FDG-PET could detect the latter lesions which had not been found by other imaging techniques, and such findings were thought to be also meaningful from the aspect of medical economics because of possible avoidance of inappropriate surgery and time reduction of hospitalization. (R.T.)

355

A survey of recent applications of TRIGA research reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some relatively recent, somewhat novel, or unusual applications in the United States were surveyed. Several specific applications will be discussed briefly. They are divided into the major areas of nondestructive testing, medical applications, activation analysis, and special testing

356

ANALYSIS OF ONLINE SURVEY SERVICES FOR MARKETING RESEARCH  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The online population has led to an increase in the use of online surveys, which have been a good alternative to capture data from the Internet with regard to collecting and filtering information.The contribution of this paper is an analysis of current free online survey solutions, showing their advantages, disadvantages and, mainly, the restrictions of free and even paid plans in integration with social networks. The information, already available on social networks, was not used in parallel...

Renata Lopes Rosa; Graça Bressan; Geraldo Luciano Toledo

2012-01-01

357

A survey of anthelmintic resistance on ten sheep farms in Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe : research communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey to detect anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep was conducted on 10 randomly-distributed farms in the Chivhu District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe. Before the survey, a questionnaire was circulated to the farmers concerning nematode parasite control. Results showed that parasite control using anthelmintic treatment was the only method practised and that the benzimidazoles were the most frequently used anthelmintic drugs. The faecal egg count reduction test was used to detect resistance. The anthelmintic groups tested were benzimidazoles, levamisole and ivermectin. Resistance to benzimidazoles was detected on 6 of 10 farms and levamisole resistance on 2 of 3 farms. Ivermectin resistance was not observed on the farms surveyed. Post-treatment larval cultures indicated that Haemonchus contortus survived administration of fenbendazole, albendazole, oxfendazole and levamisole. A Cooperia sp. strain resistant to albendazole was detected and this is the first report in Zimbabwe of a resistant parasite in this genus.

S. Mukaratirwa

2012-07-01

358

Environmental Survey Report for ORNL: Small Mammal Abundance and Distribution Survey Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 2009 - 2010  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes a 1-year small mammal biodiversity survey conducted on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The task was implemented through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Natural Resources Management Program and included researchers from the ORNL Environmental Sciences Division, interns in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Higher Education Research Experiences Program, and ORNL Environmental Protection Services staff. Eight sites were surveyed reservation wide. The survey was conducted in an effort to determine species abundance and diversity of small mammal populations throughout the reservation and to continue the historical inventory of small mammal presence for biodiversity records. This data collection effort was in support of the approved Wildlife Management Plan for the Oak Ridge Reservation, a major goal of which is to maintain and enhance wildlife biodiversity on the Reservation. Three of the sites (Poplar Creek, McNew Hollow, and Deer Check Station Field) were previously surveyed during a major natural resources inventory conducted in 1996. Five new sites were included in this study: Bearden Creek, Rainy Knob (Natural Area 21), Gum Hollow, White Oak Creek and Melton Branch. The 2009-2010 small mammal surveys were conducted from June 2009 to July 2010 on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The survey had two main goals: (1) to determine species abundance and diversity and (2) to update historical records on the OR Research Park. The park is located on the Department of Energy-owned Oak Ridge Reservation, which encompasses 13,580 ha. The primary focus of the study was riparian zones. In addition to small mammal sampling, vegetation and coarse woody debris samples were taken at certain sites to determine any correlations between habitat and species presence. During the survey all specimens were captured and released using live trapping techniques including Sherman and pitfall traps. In total 227 small mammals representing nine species were captured during the course of the study. The most common species found in the study was the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus). The least common species found were the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius), woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum), and northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda).

Giffen, Neil R [ORNL; Reasor, R. Scott [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE); Campbell, Claire L. [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

2009-12-01

359

Results of the survey "CALL within the Digital Humanities: considering CALL journals, research data and the sharing of research results"  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Chanier, T. (2013b). "A viewpoint on the place of CALL within the Digital Humanities: considering CALL journals, research data and the sharing of research results". EUROCALL 2013 conference, 11-14 September, Evora Portugal . http://edutice.archives-ouvertes.fr/edutice-00862024 Taking the opportunity of this conference communication , I invited colleagues who were subscribers to the EUROCALL and CALICO mailing lists to participate in an online survey. Here are the results of this survey: docum...

Chanier, Thierry

2013-01-01

360

A Catalog of Biases in Questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bias in questionnaires is an important issue in public health research. To collect the most accurate data from respondents, investigators must understand and be able to prevent or at least minimize bias in the design of their questionnaires. This paper identifies and categorizes 48 types of bias in questionnaires based on a review of the literature and offers an example of each type. The types are categorized according to three main sources of bias: the way a question is designed, the way the questionnaire as a whole is designed, and how the questionnaire is administered. This paper is intended to help investigators in public health understand the mechanism and dynamics of problems in questionnaire design and to provide a checklist for identifying potential bias in a questionnaire before it is administered.

Bernard C.K. Choi, PhD

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Research priorities in occupational medicine: a survey of United Kingdom medical opinion by the Delphi technique.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An attempt to achieve an agreed set of priorities for research in occupational medicine was undertaken by the Delphi technique. Fifty three senior practitioners of occupational medicine in academe (25) and industry or government (28) were canvassed about their views and choices for priority activity. Forty six (86%) responded to the initial enquiry and 48 (91%) provided rank order choices from a second, more detailed questionnaire. The first priority for more research on the natural history o...

Harrington, J. M.

1994-01-01

362

University students' knowledge of, and attitudes towards, HIV and AIDS, homosexuality and sexual risk behaviour: a questionnaire survey in two Finnish universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes Finnish university students' knowledge and attitudes towards HIV and AIDS, homosexuality and sexual risk behaviour. Finnish-speaking students were randomly selected from all registered students at two universities in Finland (N = 9715, n = 950). The data were collected by using a modified version of the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Nursing AIDS Study Questionnaire on sexual risk behaviour developed by Held and Chng. The total response rate was 35% (n = 333). The data were analysed using quantitative statistical methods. Normally distributed data were analysed by t-test and one-way ANOVA, with Bonferroni corrections. Non-normally distributed data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by a post-hoc test. The majority of students were familiar with HIV and AIDS, including its mode of transmission. However, there were still some misconceptions concerning HIV and AIDS. The oldest students and women had a more positive attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA). Of patients with HIV or AIDS, intravenous drug users were perceived most negatively. Male students had more homophobic attitudes. Students who reported that religion had an important role in their lives had significantly stricter attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour. Students' knowledge correlated positively with general attitudes towards HIV and AIDS. Knowledge about HIV and AIDS will lead to more positive attitudes towards HIV and AIDS as a disease, towards those infected as well as homosexual people. There is a need to focus on preventive health care and sexual health promotion by educating young people and changing their attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour. PMID:22739116

Korhonen, Teija; Kylmä, Jari; Houtsonen, Jarmo; Välimäki, Maritta; Suominen, Tarja

2012-11-01

363

Domains of disgust sensitivity: revisited factor structure of the questionnaire for the assessment of disgust sensitivity (QADS in a cross-sectional, representative german survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Disgust sensitivity is defined as a predisposition to experiencing disgust, which can be measured on the basis of the Disgust Scale and its German version, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Disgust Sensitivity (QADS. In various studies, different factor structures were reported for either instrument. The differences may most likely be due to the selected factor analysis estimation methods and the small non-representative samples. Consequently, the aims of this study were to explore and confirm a theory-driven and statistically coherent QADS factor structure in a large representative sample and to present its standard values. Methods The QADS was answered by N = 2473 healthy subjects. The respective households and participants were selected using the random-route sampling method. Afterwards, the collected sample was compared to the information from the Federal Statistical Office to ensure that it was representative for the German residential population. With these data, an exploratory Promax-rotated Principal Axis Factor Analysis as well as comparative confirmatory factor analyses with robust Maximum Likelihood estimations were computed. Any possible socio-demographic influences were quantified as effect sizes. Results The data-driven and theoretically sound solution with the three highly interrelated factors Animal Reminder Disgust, Core Disgust, and Contamination Disgust led to a moderate model fit. All QADS scales had very good reliabilities (Cronbach's alpha from .90 to .95. There were no age-differences found among the participants, however, the female participants showed remarkably higher disgust ratings. Conclusions Based on the representative sample, the QADS factor structure was revised. Gender-specific standard percentages permit a population-based assessment of individual disgust sensitivity. The differences of the original QADS, the new solution, and the Disgust Scale - Revised will be discussed.

Brähler Elmar

2010-10-01

364

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of 18 tumors unapproved in health insurance. Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Usefulness of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the title tumors is practically realized and their approval in the health insurance might be awaited. The actual state of the diagnosis to confirm its usefulness was studied by questionnaire to facilities, where PET had been conducted for those tumors in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging means and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). In 30 facilities that gave answers, subjects were 133 cases (3-86 years old) in 18 diseases, which involved 3 cases of neuroblastoma, 13 of pheochromocytoma, 2 of carcinoid, 12 malignant pleural mesothelioma, 2 of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, 13 of renal cell carcinoma, 2 of ureteral cancer, 4 of bladder cancer, 1 of Wilms' tumor, 24 of prostate cancer, 16 of testis tumor, 17 of mediastinal tumor, 5 of adrenal tumor, 5 of cutaneous tumor, 5 of extra-mammary Paget's disease, 7 of multiple myeloma, 1 of malignant fibrous histiocytoma and 1 of splenic hemangioma. Obtained were the judgments of highly useful in 10 diseases, fairly useful in 5, and useful in 3. Urological and cutaneous cancers above were subjected ones to their diagnosis of recurrence or metastasis postoperation, having given highly useful results, and thus FDG-PET was thought to be also highly uus FDG-PET was thought to be also highly useful in the postoperative follow-up. (R.T.)

365

Overview of research activities associated with the World Health Organization: results of a survey covering 2006/07  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper presents the first comprehensive effort to provide an overview of the research associated with the World Health Organization (WHO headquarters in 2006/07. Methods Information was obtained by questionnaire and interviews with senior staff operating at WHO headquarters in Geneva. Research type, purpose and resources (both financial and staff were defined and compared for each of the 37 departments identified and a comparative analysis was made with the global burden of disease as expressed by Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY. Results Research expenditure in 2006/07 was estimated at US$215 million. WHO is involved in more than 60 research networks/partnerships and often WHO itself is the network host. Using the DALY model, 84% of the funding WHO allocates to research goes to DALY Type I diseases (communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional diseases which represents 40% of DALY. 4% is allocated to Daly Type II (non-communicable diseases which contributes to 48% of DALY. 45% of WHO permanent staff are involved with health research and the WHO's approach to research is predominantly focused on policy, advocacy, health systems and population based research. The Organization principally undertakes secondary research using published data and commissions others to conduct this work through contracts or research grants. This approach is broadly in line with the stated strategy of the Organization. Conclusions The difficulty in undertaking this survey highlights the complexity of obtaining an Organization-wide assessment of research activity in the absence of common standards for research classification, methods for priority setting and a mechanism across WHO, or within the governance of global health research more generally, for managing a research portfolio. This paper presents a strategic birds-eye view of the WHO research portfolio using methodologies that, with further development, may provide the strategic information required if there is to be balancing of research efforts between communicable disease, non-communicable disease and other pressing public health needs. As the rollout of the WHO strategy on research for health proceeds we would hope to see similar exercises undertaken at the WHO Regional Offices and in support of capacity building of national health research systems within Member States.

Terry Robert F

2010-09-01

366

Questionnaire - UK Energy Research Centre  

Extension of dynamic simulation tools to other resources (water, waste, food). ... \\smart (electrical) distribution grids and transmission (national, international) ... \\according to system needs; Model development for optimised combination of ...

367

Publish literature on the research activities using the JMRT (II). Publication as JAERI research reports  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The published reports on the research and development activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report compiles the title lists and abstracts of reports published by JAERI and survey the trend of the research and development in JAERI using the JMTR. (author)

Nagao, Yoshiharu; Ishii, Tadahiko; Niimi, Motoji; Fujiki, Kazuo; Takahashi, Hidetake (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment

2002-11-01

368

Published literature on the research activities using the JMRT (II). Publication as JAERI research reports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The published reports on the research and development activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report compiles the title lists and abstracts of reports published by JAERI and survey the trend of the research and development in JAERI using the JMTR. (author)

369

Science, institutional archives and open access: an overview and a pilot survey on the Italian cancer research institutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Open Archive Initiative (OAI refers to a movement started around the '90s to guarantee free access to scientific information by removing the barriers to research results, especially those related to the ever increasing journal subscription prices. This new paradigm has reshaped the scholarly communication system and is closely connected to the build up of institutional repositories (IRs conceived to the benefit of scientists and research bodies as a means to keep possession of their own literary production. The IRs are high-value tools which permit authors to gain visibility by enabling rapid access to scientific material (not only publications thus increasing impact (citation rate and permitting a multidimensional assessment of research findings. Methods A survey was conducted in March 2010 to mainly explore the managing system in use for archiving the research finding adopted by the Italian Scientific Institutes for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care (IRCCS of the oncology area within the Italian National Health Service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale, SSN. They were asked to respond to a questionnaire intended to collect data about institutional archives, metadata formats and posting of full-text documents. The enquiry concerned also the perceived role of the institutional repository DSpace ISS, built up by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS and based on a XML scheme for encoding metadata. Such a repository aims at acting as a unique reference point for the biomedical information produced by the Italian research institutions. An in-depth analysis has also been performed on the collection of information material addressed to patients produced by the institutions surveyed. Results The survey respondents were 6 out of 9. The results reveal the use of different practices and standard among the institutions concerning: the type of documentation collected, the software adopted, the use and format of metadata and the conditions of accessibility to the IRs. Conclusions The Italian research institutions in the field of oncology are moving the first steps towards the philosophy of OA. The main effort should be the implementation of common procedures also in order to connect scientific publications to researchers curricula. In this framework, an important effort is represented by the project of ISS aimed to set a common interface able to allow migration of data from partner institutions to the OA compliant repository DSpace ISS.

Mazzocut Mauro

2010-12-01

370

Support groups for dementia caregivers - Predictors for utilisation and expected quality from a family caregiver's point of view: A questionnaire survey PART I*  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Support groups have proved to be effective in reducing the burden on family caregivers of dementia patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the factors that influence utilisation or quality expectations of family caregivers. These questions are addressed in the following paper. Methods The cross-sectional study was carried out as an anonymous written survey of family caregivers of dementia patients in Germany. Qualitative and quantitative data from 404 caregivers were analysed using content analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. Results The only significant predictor for utilisation is assessing how helpful support groups are for the individual care situation. Family caregivers all agree that psycho-educative orientation is a priority requirement. Conclusions In order to increase the rate of utilisation, family caregivers must be convinced of the relevant advantages of using support groups. Support groups which offer an exchange of experiences, open discussion, information and advice meet the requirements of family caregivers.

Luttenberger Katharina

2010-07-01

371

Awareness of disaster reduction frameworks and risk perception of natural disaster: a questionnaire survey among Philippine and Indonesian health care personnel and public health students.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the impacts of natural disasters have grown more severe, the importance of education for disaster medicine gains greater recognition. We launched a project to establish an international educational program for disaster medicine. In the present study, we surveyed medical personnel and medical/public health students in the Philippines (n = 45) and Indonesia (n = 67) for their awareness of the international frameworks related to disaster medicine: the Human Security (securing individual life and health), the Sphere Project (international humanitarian response), and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 (international strategy for disaster reduction). In both countries, more than 50% responders were aware of human security, but only 2 to 12% were aware of the latter two. The survey also contained questions about the preferred subjects in prospective educational program, and risk perception on disaster and disaster-related infections. In the Philippines, significant disasters were geophysical (31.0%), hydrological (33.3%), or meteorological (24.8%), whereas in Indonesia, geophysical (63.0%) and hydrological (25.3%) were significant. Moreover, in the Philippines, leptospirosis (27.1%), dengue (18.6%), diarrhea (15.3%), and cholera (10.2%) were recognized common disaster-related infections. In Indonesia, diarrhea (22.0%) and respiratory infection (20.3%) are major disaster-related infections. Water-related infections were the major ones in both countries, but the profiles of risk perception were different (Pearson's chi-square test, p = 1.469e-05). The responders tended to overestimate the risk of low probability and high consequence such as geophysical disaster. These results are helpful for the development of a postgraduate course for disaster medicine in Asia Pacific countries. PMID:24814669

Usuzawa, Motoki; O Telan, Elizabeth; Kawano, Razel; S Dizon, Carmela; Alisjahbana, Bachti; Ashino, Yugo; Egawa, Shinichi; Fukumoto, Manabu; Izumi, Takako; Ono, Yuichi; Hattori, Toshio

2014-01-01

372

Internet Administration of Three Commonly Used Questionnaires in Panic Research: Equivalence to Paper Administration in Australian and Swedish Samples of People With Panic Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the degree of equivalence between paper and Internet administration of three measures of panic and agoraphobia-related cognition and behavior: Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ), Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ), and Mobility Inventory (MI). Participants were 110 people with panic disorder who had registered for an…

Austin, David W.; Carlbring, Per; Richards, Jeffrey C.; Andersson, Gerhard

2006-01-01

373

Border malaria in China: knowledge and use of personal protection by minority populations and implications for malaria control: a questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria control in remote, forested areas of the Mekong region relies on personal protection from mosquito bites. Uptake of these methods may be limited by knowledge of the link between mosquitoes and malaria as well as social and economic aspects. Understanding barriers to uptake will inform malaria control programmes on targets for improvement of delivery. Methods A total 748 key respondents: health providers and village heads, from 187 villages and 25 different ethnic groups, were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Differences in use of personal protection, and knowledge of malaria between groups were analysed using chi-square; and binary logistic regression used for multivariate analysis. Results Malaria knowledge was poor with 19.4% of women and 37.5% of men linking mosquitoes with malaria, although 95.6% knew one or more methods of mosquito control. Virtually all respondents used personal protection at some time during the year; and understanding of malaria transmission was strongly associated with bednet use. Those working in forest agriculture were significantly more likely to know that mosquitoes transmit malaria but this did not translate into a significantly greater likelihood of using bednets. Furthermore, use of personal protection while woing outdoors was rare, and less than 3% of respondents knew about the insecticide impregnation of bednets. The use of bednets, synthetic repellents and mosquito coils varied between ethnic groups, but was significantly more frequent among those with higher income, more years of education and permanent housing. The reported use of repellents and coils was also more common among women despite their low knowledge of malaria transmission, and low likelihood of having heard information on malaria within the last year. Conclusion The use of personal protection must be increased, particularly among outdoor workers that have higher malaria risk. However, personal protection is widely used and widely accepted to prevent nuisance biting mosquitoes, with the major barrier to use being affordability. Therefore, social marketing campaigns aimed at women and those that work outdoors that provide highly subsidised products, especially insecticide impregnation kits for bednets and hammock nets are most likely to succeed in lowering malaria morbidity among non Han-Chinese groups in rural China.

Hill Nigel

2008-10-01

374

Advanced cogeneration research study. Survey of cogeneration potential  

Science.gov (United States)

Fifty-five facilities that consumed substantial amounts of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil were surveyed by telephone in 1983. The primary objective of the survey was to estimate the potential electricity that could be generated in the SCE service territory using cogeneration technology. An estimated 3667 MW sub e could potentially be generated using cogenerated technology. Of this total, current technology could provide 2569 MW sub p and advanced technology could provide 1098 MW sub e. Approximately 1611 MW sub t was considered not feasible to produce electricity with either current or advanced cogeneration technology.

Slonski, M. L.

1983-01-01

375

Surveying the Field: The Research Model of Women in Librarianship, 1882-1898  

Science.gov (United States)

Women who promoted library services to children in the United States in the late nineteenth century introduced the systematic use of survey research on library practice to the field of professional librarianship. They created a series of qualitative survey-based reports, the "Reading of the Young" reports, which were presented at ALA conferences…

McDowell, Kate

2009-01-01

376

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the annual report, 1995 of the National Institute of radiological Sciences. The major studies in the year of the institute were as follows; a survey on levels and doses of radioactivities in environment, food, human body, a survey on the radioactive levels around nuclear facilities, the works of Radiological Data center, basic investigation on assessment of the results from radiological surveys, training of technicians for monitoring the environmental radioactivity and an investigation on the measurement of emergency exposure and its reduction. The radionuclide detected in air light dust samples by using ?-spectrometer was only 137Cs and its levels in 7 different regions of Japan were ranging in 15.0-15.5 dpm/gC, showing that there was no regional differences in 137Cs level and its slight decrease compared to the previous few years. Concerning the radionuclide level in human body, 90Sr level in the carcass bone was determined and it was found that there was almost no change in its level for adults but a slight increase in the infant's level after the Chernobyl accident. In addition, the results from the survey on radioactive levels in various foods, levels around nuclear facilities and etc. were presented. (M.N.)

377

76 FR 12979 - Submission for OMB Review: Comment Request; Questionnaire Cognitive Interviewing and Pretesting...  

Science.gov (United States)

...both for applied questionnaire evaluation and...response errors in surveys. The most common...interview, in which a questionnaire design specialist...administers the draft survey questions as written...conducted in the survey's intended mode...information on questionnaire performance...

2011-03-09

378

Effects of worm control practices examined by a combined faecal egg count and questionnaire survey on horse farms in Germany, Italy and the UK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background For the control of worm infections, the strategic use of anthelmintics, often accompanied by additional farm and/or pasture management procedures, is currently applied on most horse farms in industrialized countries. However, the particular effects of the specific worm control procedures are often unclear and have only been investigated to a limited extent. We examined faecal egg count (FEC, faecal egg count reduction (FECR and questionnaire data on farm and pasture management procedures. The aim of this study was to determine whether specific worm control practices reported to be applied in European horse farms affect worm prevalence. Results This study involved 20 German, 26 Italian and 16 UK horse farms for each of which FEC were performed on a minimum of 16 horses. In total, 2029 horse faecal samples were quantitatively analysed for helminth eggs, resulting in 56.3% of the faecal samples being positive for strongylid eggs. The prevalence in the 742 German horse samples (48.1% was significantly lower than that in the 737 Italian (61.1% and the 550 UK (60.9% samples. As expected, a significant effect of horse age on the infection prevalence was observed, with adult horses showing lower prevalences and lower mean FEC than foals and yearlings. The majority of the participating farms were stud farms (n = 29, followed by riding stables (n = 27 and racehorse stables (n = 6. The prevalence of strongyle infection by farm type differed between countries. While in Germany, horses on riding farms were significantly less often strongyle positive, in the UK horses on stud farms showed the lowest strongyle prevalences, whereas in Italy, no significant difference between farm types were seen. On all farms, horses received routine/preventive anthelmintic treatment. An effect of treatment frequency on strongyle prevalence was only encountered with adult horses. On farms performing more than one annual treatment, faecal samples were significantly less often positive. Furthermore, by comparing the FECR results of individual horses with their pre-treatment FEC, it was found that high pre-treatment FEC were associated with a significantly higher probability for a FECR below 90%. Conclusion Overall, age-dependent strongyle infection patterns and general worm control approaches were found to be similar on horse farms in the three countries. Also, a negative association of pre-treatment FEC and treatment efficacy was consistently found in all countries. However, mean strongyle prevalences and frequencies of anthelmintic treatments were considerably different. In addition to the age-dependent prevalence patterns, the finding of a possible negative association between high FEC and reduced FECR might argue for a focus on horses showing high pre-treatment FEC when monitoring anthelmintic treatment efficacy in the field.

Lia Riccardo

2009-09-01

379

Geothermal Research Program of the US Geological Survey  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The beginning of the Geothermal Research Program, its organization, objectives, fiscal history, accomplishments, and present emphasis. The projects of the Geothermal Research Program are presented along with a list of references.

Duffield, W.A.; Guffanti, M.

1981-01-01

380

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in children's energy balance related behaviours:Findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption ...

Jensen, Jørgen D.; Bere, Elling; Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Jan, Natasa; Maes, Lea; Manios, Yannis; Martens, Marloes K.; Molnar, Denes; Moreno, Luis A.; Te Velde, Saskia; Brug, Johannes

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children?...

Jensen Jørgen; Bere Elling; Bourdeaudhuij Ilse; Jan Natasa; Maes Lea; Manios Yannis; Martens Marloes K; Molnar Denes; Moreno Luis A; Singh Amika S; te Velde Saskia; Brug Johannes

2012-01-01

382

Preliminary Observations on the Telephone Survey as a Research Tool in New Providence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes our experiences from using the telephone survey as a research tool in New Providence. Gender specific surveys may be complicated by the fact that females are more likely to answer the telephone than males. Respondents often seem suspicious of telephone callers, and so might be uncooperative. The large proportion of telephone lines "not in service" means that many numbers are dialled unsuccessfully. Variation between exchanges in the proportion of completed calls could result in uneven survey coverage of the island. This variability appears to be related to socio-economic factors that could bias survey results.

Samuels, Denise

2002-01-01

383

Engagement of patients in religious and spiritual practices: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK-P 1.1 questionnaire as a tool of quality of life research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Quality of life is a multidimensional construct composed of functional, physical, emotional, social and spiritual well-being. In order to examine how patients with severe diseases view the impact of spirituality and religiosity on their health and how they cope with illness, we have developed the SpREUK questionnaire. We deliberately avoided the intermingling of attitudes, convictions and practices, and thus addressed the distinct forms and frequencies of spiritual/religious practices in an additional manual, the SpREUK-P questionnaire. Methods The SpREUK-P was designed to differentiate spiritual, religious, existentialistic and philosophical practices. It was tested in a sample of 354 German subjects (71% women; 49.0 ± 12.5 years. Half of them were healthy controls, while among the patients cancer was diagnosed in 54%, multiple sclerosis in 22%, and other chronic diseases in 23%. Reliability and factor analysis of the inventory were performed according to the standard procedures. Results We confirmed the structure and consistency of the previously described 18-item SpREUK-P manual and improved the quality of the current construct by adding several new items. The new 25-item SpREUK-P 1.1 (Cronbach's alpha = 0.8517 has the following scales: (1 conventional religious practice (CRP, (2 existentialistic practice (ExP, (3 unconventional spiritual practice (USP, (4 nature/environment-oriented practice (NoP, and (5 humanistic practice (HuP. Among the tested individuals, the highest engagement scores were found for HuP and NoP, while the lowest were found for the USP. Women had significantly higher scores for ExP than male patients. With respect to age, the engagement in CRP increases with increasing age, while the engagement in a HuP decreased. Individuals with a Christian orientation and with a religious and spiritual attitude had the highest engagement scores for CRP, while the engagement in an USP was high with respect to a spiritual attitude. Variance analyses confirmed that the SpR attitude and religious affiliation are the main relevant covariates for CRP and ExP, while for the USP the SpR attitude and the educational level are of significance, but not religious affiliation. Patients with multiple sclerosis overall had the lowest engagement scores for all five forms of SpR practice, while it is remarkable that cancer patients had lower scores for HuP and USP than healthy subjects. Conclusion The current re-evaluation of the SpREUK-P questionnaire (Version 1.1 indicates that it is a reliable, valid measure of five distinct forms of spiritual, religious and philosophical practice that may be especially useful for assessing the role of spirituality and religiosity in health related research. An advantage of our instruments is the clear-cut differentiation between convictions and attitudes on the one hand, and the expression of these attitudes in a concrete engagement on the other hand.

Matthiessen Peter F

2005-09-01

384

[Environmental Survey for Children-- the environmental module of KiGGS. I. Design and research program].  

Science.gov (United States)

The German Environmental Survey for Children (GerES IV) is the environment-oriented module of the National Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) which is being performed nationwide in Germany. From 2003 to 2006, a random subsample of 1800 children aged 3-14 years is being studied with regard to their body burden and health impairments linked to housing conditions and the personal environment- and health-relevant behaviour. The basic study programme includes the analysis of blood, urine, tap water and house dust as well as the application of an extensive questionnaire. The data gained from this population sample, which is representative for Germany's children, are the basis for deriving reference values to characterise the background exposure of children aged 3-14 years. Trends over time can be detected and the success of environmental policies verified by comparing the data with those of the German Environmental Survey 1990/92 (GerES II), also conducted in close cooperation with the National Health Survey, which included children aged 6-14 years. By linking the data from the Environmental and the Health Surveys, health-relevant environmental exposures can be detected and different scientific hypotheses can be tested. The main subjects that are being dealt with using subcollectives of GerES IV are 'VOC and eye and nasopharynx irritation', 'indoor allergens and allergic diseases of the respiratory system', 'chromium, nickel, fragrances and contact allergens', and 'noise, hearing capacity and stress hormones'. PMID:15549200

Schulz, C; Babisch, W; Becker, K; Dürkop, J; Rosskamp, E; Seiwert, M; Steiner, M; Szewzyk, R; Ullrich, D; Englert, N; Seifert, B; Eis, D

2004-11-01

385

Nuclear power and the public: an update of collected survey research on nuclear power  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this research was to collect, analyze, and summarize all of the nuclear power-related surveys conducted in the United States through June 1981, that we could obtain. The surveys collected were national, statewide, and areawide in scope. Slightly over 100 surveys were collected for an earlier, similar effort carried out in 1977. About 130 new surveys were added to the earlier survey data. Thus, about 230 surveys were screened for inclusion in this report. Because of space limitations, national surveys were used most frequently in this report, followed distantly by state surveys. In drawing our conclusions about public beliefs and attitudes toward nuclear power, we placed most of our confidence in survey questions that were used by national polling firms at several points in time. A summary of the research findings is presented, beginning with general attitudes toward nuclear power, followed by a summary of beliefs and attitudes about nuclear power issues, and ended by a summary of beliefs and attitudes regarding more general energy issues

386

Student Opinion Survey, 1976. Research Report: BCC 1-77.  

Science.gov (United States)

A student opinion survey was administered to a sample of 1,100 students at Bronx Community College (BCC) in 1976. Respondent ethnicity distribution was 46.2% black, 29.1% hispanic, 17.0% white, 1.5% Oriental, and 6.3% other. More than half of the respondents were in either liberal arts and music (42.8%) or business curricula (21.8%). Results…

Eagle, Norman

387

British Geological Survey (BGS), Natural Environment Research Council, UK  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BGS was established on July 11th 1835 as the Ordnance Geological Survey after William Buckland, Charles Lyell and Adam Sedgwick stated: “we drew up a joint report in which we endeavoured to state fully our opinion as to the great advantages which must accrue from such an undertaking, not only as calculated to promote geological science, which alone would be sufficient object, but also as a work of great practical utility bearing on agriculture, mining, road ...

Ludden, John

2012-01-01

388

A survey of research in elementary particle physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

These notes are devoted to the current trends in elementary particle physics. They are not intended for the training of experts in the field. After a brief historical survey, one discusses the difficulties which have made necessary to move from classical physics to relativistic quantum physics. The main concepts of this new theory are rapidly presented. The experimental methods are discussed within a few typical experiments, already performed or scheduled. The main questions which are still unsolved are rapidly mentioned

389

Model Checking of Statechart Models: Survey and Research Directions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We survey existing approaches to the formal verification of statecharts using model checking. Although the semantics and subset of statecharts used in each approach varies considerably, along with the model checkers and their specification languages, most approaches rely on translating the hierarchical structure into the flat representation of the input language of the model checker. This makes model checking difficult to scale to industrial models, as the state space grows ...

Bhaduri, Purandar; Ramesh, S.

2004-01-01

390

Nuclear power and the public: analysis of collected survey research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This executive summary highlights the major findings of a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of over 100 existing surveys dealing with public attitudes toward nuclear power issues. Questions of immediate policy relevance to the nuclear debate are posed and answered on the basis of these major findings. For each issue area, those sections of the report in which more-detailed discussion and presentation of relevant data may be found are indicated.

Melber, B.D.; Nealey, S.M.; Hammersla, J.; Rankin, W.L.

1977-11-01

391

Environmental Survey preliminary report, National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, Oklahoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), conducted February 29 through March 4, 1988. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Team members are being provided by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with NIPER. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at NIPER and interviews with site personnel. 35 refs., 8 figs., 15 tabs.

1989-01-01

392

A survey on the research awareness and readiness among radiographers in Singapore General Hospital (SGH)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: Research is a key component of evidence-based medical imaging. Good knowledge and attitude towards research is important in implementing the paradigm shift from the traditional model of practice to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to ascertain the attitude, level of awareness and knowledge of radiographers about research. Potential barriers might also be identified so that programmes and schemes could be developed to raise the profile of research in clinical practice. Methods: A 20-item scale self-completion questionnaire was designed and distributed to radiographers in the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, SGH. The questionnaire consisted of questions pertaining to years of working experience, specialization of practice, role/involvement in any research, training needs and identification of potential barriers to research. Results: The final response rate was 67% (N = 114). Although the involvement in research is 39% (N = 44), the radiographers strongly believed that it is essential for them to participate in research to develop themselves and the profession, as well as to improve the quality of care delivered to patients. The main identified perceived barriers to research included lack of time, resources and heavy clinical workload. Sixty-four percent (N = 73) of participants indicated that provision of courses would improve their research skills, such as research methodology, biostatistics, literature critique, and a lack of these could be se critique, and a lack of these could be some of the reasons for low research involvement among radiographers. Conclusions: The data suggest that positive attitudes, institutional support and provision of research related courses are needed to increase radiographers' involvement in research.

393

A survey of core research in information systems  

CERN Document Server

The Information Systems (IS) discipline was founded on the intersection of computer science and organizational sciences, and produced a rich body of research on topics ranging from database design and the strategic role of IT to website design and online consumer behavior. In this book, the authors provide an introduction to the discipline, its development, and the structure of IS research, at a level that is appropriate for emerging and current IS scholars. Guided by a bibliometric study of all research articles published in eight premier IS research journals over a 20-year period, the author

Sidorova, Anna; Torres, Russell; Johnson, Vess

2013-01-01

394

Tomorrow's Learning Leaders: Developing Leadership and Management for Post-Compulsory Learning. 2002 Survey Report. Research Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The development of leadership and management in postcompulsory learning in England was examined in a survey of managers and leaders at English colleges, work-based learning (WBL) providers, and adult and community learning (ACL) providers. Of the 22,000 questionnaires distributed, nearly 2,000 were completed. The respondents were predominately…