WorldWideScience
1

The Survey Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

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The study on the outsourcing of Taiwan's hospitals: a questionnaire survey research  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to assess the outsourcing situation in Taiwanese hospitals and compares the differences in hospital ownership and in accreditation levels. Methods This research combined two kinds of methods: a questionnaire survey and the in-depth interview to two CEOs of the sample hospitals. One hospital is not-for-profit, while the other is a public hospital and the research samples are from the hospital data from Taiwan's 2005 to 2007 Department of Health qua...

Pai Jar-Yuan; Hsiao Chih-Tung; Chiu Hero

2009-01-01

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African primary care research: Performing surveys using questionnaires / La recherche sur les soins de santé primaire en Afrique: réaliser des sondages à l'aide de questionnaires  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to provide practical guidance on conducting surveys and the use of questionnaires for postgraduate students at a Masters level who are undertaking primary care research. The article is intended to assist with writing the methods section of the research proposal and thinkin [...] g through the relevant issues that apply to sample size calculation, sampling strategy, design of a questionnaire and administration of a questionnaire. The article is part of a larger series on primary care research, with other articles in the series focusing on the structure of the research proposal and the literature review, as well as quantitative data analysis.

Indiran, Govender; Langalibalele H., Mabuza; Gboyega A., Ogunbanjo; Bob, Mash.

2014-01-01

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Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

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Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung city  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality perceptions are important. Aim: to investigate using a modified SERVQUAL questionnaire in assessing patient expectations, perceptions, and loyalty towards kidney disease screening service quality. Method 1595 kidney disease screening program patients in Taichung City were requested to complete and return a modified kidney disease screening SERVQUAL questionnaire. 1187 returned them. Incomplete ones (102 were culled and 1085 were chosen as effective for use. Paired t-tests, correlation tests, ANOVA, LSD test, and factor analysis identified the characteristics and factors of service quality. The paired t-test tested expectation score and perception score gaps. A structural equation modeling system examined satisfaction-based components' relationships. Results The effective response rate was 91.4%. Several methods verified validity. Cronbach's alpha on internal reliability was above 0.902. On patient satisfaction, expectation scores are high: 6.50 (0.82, but perception scores are significantly lower 6.14 (1.02. Older patients' perception scores are lower than younger patients'. Expectation and perception scores for patients with different types of jobs are significantly different. Patients higher on education have lower scores for expectation (r = -0.09 and perception (r = -0.26. Factor analysis identified three factors in the 22 item SERVQUAL form, which account for 80.8% of the total variance for the expectation scores and 86.9% of the total variance for the satisfaction scores. Expectation and perception score gaps in all 22 items are significant. The goodness-of-fit summary of the SEM results indicates that expectations and perceptions are positively correlated, perceptions and loyalty are positively correlated, but expectations and loyalty are not positively correlated. Conclusions The results of this research suggest that the SERVQUAL instrument is a useful measurement tool in assessing and monitoring service quality in kidney disease screening services, enabling the staff to identify where service improvements are needed from the patients' perspectives.

Glen Robert

2009-12-01

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Chronic kidney-disease screening service quality: questionnaire survey research evidence from Taichung city  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem in Taiwan and the world. The most effective, affordable treatments involve early prevention/detection/intervention, requiring screening. Successfully implementing CKD programs requires good patient participation, affected by patient perceptions of screening service quality. Service quality improvements can help make such programs more successful. Thus, good tools for assessing service quality perceptions are important. Aim: to investigate using a modified SERVQUAL questionnaire in assessing patient expectations, perceptions, and loyalty towards kidney disease screening service quality. Method 1595 kidney disease screening program patients in Taichung City were requested to complete and return a modified kidney disease screening SERVQUAL questionnaire. 1187 returned them. Incomplete ones (102) were culled and 1085 were chosen as effective for use. Paired t-tests, correlation tests, ANOVA, LSD test, and factor analysis identified the characteristics and factors of service quality. The paired t-test tested expectation score and perception score gaps. A structural equation modeling system examined satisfaction-based components' relationships. Results The effective response rate was 91.4%. Several methods verified validity. Cronbach's alpha on internal reliability was above 0.902. On patient satisfaction, expectation scores are high: 6.50 (0.82), but perception scores are significantly lower 6.14 (1.02). Older patients' perception scores are lower than younger patients'. Expectation and perception scores for patients with different types of jobs are significantly different. Patients higher on education have lower scores for expectation (r = -0.09) and perception (r = -0.26). Factor analysis identified three factors in the 22 item SERVQUAL form, which account for 80.8% of the total variance for the expectation scores and 86.9% of the total variance for the satisfaction scores. Expectation and perception score gaps in all 22 items are significant. The goodness-of-fit summary of the SEM results indicates that expectations and perceptions are positively correlated, perceptions and loyalty are positively correlated, but expectations and loyalty are not positively correlated. Conclusions The results of this research suggest that the SERVQUAL instrument is a useful measurement tool in assessing and monitoring service quality in kidney disease screening services, enabling the staff to identify where service improvements are needed from the patients' perspectives. PMID:20021684

2009-01-01

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A questionnaire survey of stress and bullying in doctors undertaking research  

OpenAIRE

Background: Research is an increasingly important aspect of higher medical training for many doctors. Studies investigating sources of stress, isolation, and workplace bullying have not previously sought information in this setting.

Stebbing, J.; Mandalia, S.; Portsmouth, S.; Leonard, P.; Crane, J.; Bower, M.; Earl, H.; Quine, L.

2004-01-01

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Energy Balance Survey: Administrator Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Obesity, poor diet, and lack of physical activity are recognized as major public health problems in the United States.

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Questionnaire survey on future development of energy industry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The above questionnaire survey was carried out by the Energy Environmental Policy Committee of Japan Productivity Center for Socio-economic Development in 2003. The outline of the questionnaire survey and the important results are described. 1,570 subjects consisted of 105 Member of Congress, 105 members of local government, 350 researchers, 200 energy industries and organizations, 400 general industries and organizations, 105 mass communication and critics, 105 labor unions, NPO and consumer's organizations and 200 others. They are gone and collected by post. The period was from 8 March to 6 May, 2003. The recovery rate was 38%. Attributions were age, occupation and relation between energy industry and business. The important results and analysis were obtained by the following questions; economic growth, liberalization of electric power and gas market, factors of development of electric power industry, expected saving energy technologies, projection of new energy, expected new energy technologies, nuclear power correlative industries, nuclear power policies, new business of energy industries, support policy for energy industry, energy situation, environmental problems, energy conservation, natural gas and energy policies. (S.Y.)

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Drinking among medical students: a questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

To assess the prevalence of drinking among medical students a questionnaire on smoking, exercise, drinking, and weight was distributed among the students available. A total of 260 replies were received from an estimated available population of 350 students (134 men and 126 women). The mean alcohol consumption obtained by a quantity-frequency measure was 20.5 units/week for male students and 14.6 units/week for female students. Retrospective diary reports showed mean (SE) consumptions of 18 (2...

Collier, D. J.; Beales, I. L.

1989-01-01

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Cigarette advertising and onset of smoking in children: questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To investigate uptake of smoking in a cohort of 11 to 12 year olds related to awareness of advertised cigarette brands named. DESIGN: Self completed questionnaires administered to whole classes of schoolchildren in June 1993 and June 1994. SETTING: Primary, middle, and secondary schools in the north and south of England. SUBJECTS: 1450 pupils aged 11 and 12 years at the time of the first survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Onset of smoking and brands smoked by the second survey related ...

While, D.; Kelly, S.; Huang, W.; Charlton, A.

1996-01-01

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The psychology of persecutory ideation I: a questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

Paranoia is a complex phenomenon that is likely to arise from a number of factors. In a recent cognitive model of persecutory delusions, three key factors are highlighted: anomalous experiences, emotion, and reasoning. In the first of two linked studies, we report a questionnaire survey of nonclinical paranoia designed to assess the theoretical model. A nonclinical population (N = 327) completed measures of paranoia, anomalous experiences (hallucinatory predisposition, perceptual anomalies), ...

Freeman, D.; Dunn, G.; Garety, Pa; Bebbington, P.; Slater, M.; Kuipers, E.; Fowler, D.; Green, C.; Jordan, J.; Ray, K.

2005-01-01

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HEARING AID USE IN PATIENTS WITH PRESBYACUSIS: A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The acceptability of hearing aids in people with presbyacusis has been improved but assessment of whether there is a need for more counseling to increase the number of regular hearing-aid users seems to be important. The aim of this study was to determine if the hearing aid was worn regularly and over a long period of time in people with presbyacusis. A questionnaire survey of patients with presbyacusis who had been fitted with a monaural behind the ear hearing aid for the first time was undertaken. The patients were divided into four groups ranging from 6 months to 3 years after fitting. Overall regular long-term use of the hearing aid was found in the majority of patients with presbyacusis. The main dropout point was within the first year after fitting the hearing aid. The study furthermore revealed a relatively high demand for further help and advice with the hearing aid in all groups.

A. Karimaneh A. Eftekharian

2004-11-01

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Primary health and supportive care needs of long-term cancer survivors: a questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: There are 1.2 million long-term cancer survivors in the United Kingdom. Existing research on the health and supportive care needs of these survivors is sparse and inconclusive. This study investigated health status, psychological morbidity, and supportive care needs in long-term cancer survivors in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Five to 16 years after diagnosis, 1,275 eligible survivors of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancers were approached to participate in a questionnaire survey...

Harrison, Se; Watson, Ek; Ward, Am; Khan, Nf; Turner, D.; Adams, E.; Forman, D.; Roche, Mf; Rose, Pw

2011-01-01

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The difficulties of interprofessional teamwork in diabetes care: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Miyako Kishimoto,1,2 Mitsuhiko Noda2,3 1Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Center Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 2Diabetes and Metabolism Information Center, Diabetes Research Center, Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Background: Diabetes is a multifactorial disease and its nature means that interprofessional teamwork is essential for its treatment. However, in general, interprofessional teamwork has certain problems that impede its function. To clarify these problems in relation to diabetes care, a questionnaire survey was conducted. Methods: The participants who were involved in diabetes-related educational seminars, and medical personnel who were engaged in diabetes care from the National Center for Global Health and Medicine, were asked to complete the questionnaire about perceptions of, and satisfaction with, interprofessional teamwork across multiple health care providers, who were actually involved in diabetes care. Results: From 456 people who were asked to take the questionnaire, 275 people answered. The percentages of the respondents according to profession who considered multidisciplinary teamwork sufficient were as follows: physicians, 20.5%; nurses, 12.7%; registered dietitians, 29.6%; pharmacists, 21.9%; physiotherapists, 18.2%; and clinical laboratory technicians 15.4%. Insufficient interprofessional communication and inconsistency in motivation levels among staff were frequently cited as causes of insufficient teamwork. All professions considered interprofessional meetings or conferences necessary and essential for teamwork. Conclusion: The survey revealed that interprofessional teamwork in diabetes care is currently insufficient. Continuous efforts to change each profession's perceptions about interprofessional teamwork and efforts to improve the quality of interprofessional meetings are necessary. Keywords: diabetes, interprofessional, questionnaire survey, communication

Kishimoto M

2014-08-01

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Human suffering effects of nuclear tests at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Established on the basis of questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of the present paper is to explore the effects of radiation exposure on the inhabitants near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS), Kazakhstan. Our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started in 2002 to conduct a field research study using questionnaire surveys. The present paper attempts to clarify health effects and mental problems on the inhabitants by using our questionnaire surveys. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses upon responses to the questions concerning their health and mental problems. The data in Semipalatinsk have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey conducted by Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities. The results show: 33% of the residents replied that they felt bad or had very bad health conditions. 70% of the residents strongly recognized a causal relationship between their bad health conditions and the nuclear tests. The diseases that over 30% of respondents possessed are arthralgia/lower back pain/arthritis, high-blood pressure, heart disease and digestive system disease. Acute radiation injuries from 1949 to 1962 that over 20% of respondents experienced were headaches and general malaise. Concerning their mental condition, 22% of respondents felt easily frustrated and agitated and 21% experienced nightmare. (author)

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Questionnaire survey, Indoor climate measurements and Energy consumption : Concerto Initiative  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The municipality of Egedal decided in 2006 to make use of the possibility in the Danish Planning Law for a municipality to tighten the energy requirements in the local plan for a new settlement to be erected in the municipality. During the years 2007-2011 a total of 442 dwellings were to be designed and constructed with a heating demand corresponding to the Danish low-energy standard referred to as "low-energy class 1" in a new settlement called Stenløse Syd. This means that the energy consumption is to be 50% lower than the requirement in BR08 (Danish Building Regulations 2008). 66 flats were to be designed and constructed with a yearly heating demand of 15 kWh/m². Furthermore, the Concerto community include a kindergarten and an activity centre for elderly people. All the single family houses were to be heated by a heat pump supported by a 3 m² thermal solar system for hot water preparation. The dense low-rise houing are to be heated by a district heating network. All dwellings were to be equipped with a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery and an electronic system for energy monitoring and control of the heating systems. The first houses were occupied in 2008. This report presents part of the results of an evaluation of the project that was performed in the settlement. The evaluation consisted of a questionnaire survey of occupant experiences and satisfaction in 35 single-family houses, measurements of energy consumption in 22 selected single-family houses and 58 flats, and measurements, assessments, and a series of physical measurements of selected indoor climate parameters in 7 selected single-family houses during March 2012.

Knudsen, Henrik Nellemose; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

2012-01-01

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Dissemination of information to General Practitioners: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Early identification of permanent hearing impairment in children enables appropriate intervention which reduces adverse developmental outcomes. The UK Government has introduced a universal hearing screening programme for neonates. All involved health professionals, including those in Primary Care, need to be aware of the service to enable them to offer appropriate support to their patients. A programme of information dissemination within Primary Care was therefore undertaken. The aim of the current study was to determine the extent to which the information had reached General Practitioners (GPs, the GPs' preferred mode of dissemination and the sources from which GPs accessed information Methods Postal questionnaire survey of a randomised sample of 1000 GPs in the Phase I pilot sites of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Programme (NHSP. Results Responses were received from 54.2% of the sample. Just under 50% of those responding had received information, 62.2% of respondents said they would like to receive more information and the preferred methods of dissemination were the written word and web-sites to allow access when needed. Few GPs perceive themselves to have a core role in the delivery of the NHSP and thence a need for knowledge in the subject. Many are keen to delegate detail to a third party, usually the health visitor, who has traditionally had responsibility for hearing screening. Conclusions Dissemination efforts for service developments of relevance to GPs should concentrate on advertising a website address via brief but memorable posted literature and/or articles in relevant journals and magazines. The website should be GP-friendly, and have a dedicated area for GPs including information of specific relevance and downloadable information sheets.

Fortnum Heather

2004-11-01

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78 FR 44624 - Proposed Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...  

Science.gov (United States)

...No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire)] Proposed...Information Collection (Conduct the Point-of-Care Research Questionnaire); Activities...No. 2900-NEW (Conduct the Point of Care Research Questionnaire)''...

2013-07-24

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Analysis of consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat using a structured survey questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a structured survey questionnaire was used to determine consumers' preferences and behavior with regard to horse meat at a horse meat restaurant located in Jeju, Korea, from October 1 to December 24, 2005. The questionnaire employed in this study consisted of 20 questions designed to characterize six general attributes: horse meat sensory property, physical appearance, health condition, origin, price, and other attributes. Of the 1370 questionnaires distributed, 1126 completed questionnaires were retained based on the completeness of the answers, representing an 82.2% response rate. Two issues were investigated that might facilitate the search for ways to improve horse meat production and marketing programs in Korea. The first step was to determine certain important factors, called principal components, which enabled the researchers to understand the needs of horse meat consumers via principal component analysis. The second step was to define consumer segments with regard to their preferences for horse meat, which was accomplished via cluster analysis. The results of the current study showed that health condition, price, origin, and leanness were the most critical physical attributes affecting the preferences of horse meat consumers. Four segments of consumers, with different demands for horse meat attributes, were identified: origin-sensitive consumers, price-sensitive consumers, quality and safety-sensitive consumers, and non-specific consumers. Significant differences existed among segments of consumers in terms of age, nature of work, frequency of consumption, and general level of acceptability of horse meat. PMID:20163664

Oh, Woon Yong; Lee, Ji Woong; Lee, Chong Eon; Ko, Moon Seok; Jeong, Jae Hong

2009-12-01

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Application of annotated paraconsistent logic to surveys conducted of self-administered questionnaires containing redundant questions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Opinion polls and evaluation questionnaires are routinely applied as a means to gauge the most diversetopics and often result inconsistent, mainly because, as they are directed to the public in general and not for specialistsonly, they must perforce employ quite straightforward, easy to understand, questions, which are vague by their ownnature and allow too much for interpretation (i. e. present much cognitive imprecision on the part of the surveyee.Design/methodology/approach: On one hand, they are cheap to conduct, and are the most widely known andaccepted way to measure all kinds of otherwise intangible things as preference, satisfaction and happiness. Onthe other hand, it is well established that the wording of the questions, the order in which they are asked and thenumber and form of alternative answers offered can influence results of such surveys, so much that, on someissues, question wording can result in quite pronounced differences between surveys.Findings: This problem has been recognized almost from the time the questionnaire was invented by Sir FrancisGalton (in the first decade of the 20th century, and numerous processes and techniques have been developedsince then, always aiming at achieving more reproductible results and eliminating all kinds of biases.Research limitations/implications: In the present communcation we envision a novel survey instrument, designedto be analyzed by means of annotated paraconsistent logic techniques, which allows for both the detection ofcontradictions and inconsistencies on the part of the respondent, as well as for the continuous improvement of theadequacy of the instrument in itself. We also present, as a proof-of-concept, the application of the said methodologyto two car dealer customer satisfaction evaluation surveys, and an in-depth analysis of the results it has yielded.Originality/value: In the present communication, previously applied questionnaires, designed to gauge cardealer customer satisfaction, both on new vehicle acquisition and on servicing, are analyzed by means of thisnovel method.

O.T. Ito

2008-12-01

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Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Minimising participant non-response in postal surveys helps to maximise the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. Methods In a pilot study for a population study of travel behaviour, physical activity and the environment, 1000 participants sampled from the UK edited electoral register were randomly allocated using a 2 × 2 factorial design to receive one of four survey packs: a personally addressed long (24 page questionnaire pack, a personally addressed short (15 page questionnaire pack, a non-personally addressed long questionnaire pack or a non-personally addressed short questionnaire pack. Those who did not return a questionnaire were stratified by initial randomisation group and further randomised to receive either a full reminder pack or a reminder postcard. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Results An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07. In those participants who received a reminder, personalisation of the survey pack and reminder also increased the odds of response (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.95. Item non-response was relatively low, but was significantly higher in the long questionnaire than the short (9.8% vs 5.8%; p = .04. The cost per additional usable questionnaire returned of issuing the reminder packs was £23.1 compared with £11.3 for the reminder postcards. Conclusions In contrast to some previous studies of shorter questionnaires, this trial found that shortening a relatively lengthy questionnaire significantly increased the response. Researchers should consider the trade off between the value of additional questions and a larger sample. If low response rates are expected, personalisation may be an important strategy to apply. Sending a full reminder pack to non-respondents appears a worthwhile, albeit more costly, strategy.

Preston John

2011-05-01

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Survey of the pine-particle research in Finland  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of the survey was to find out the present state of the fine-particle research in Finland, the relations to the international research and the business possibilities of this research sector. The survey also included a questionnaire of the needs to establish a national research programme in this field

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Exercise in completing design information questionnaire for model research reactor: model description, notes, questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The document which defines the inspection measures which the IAEA can deploy at any given nuclear facility is known as the Facility Attachment. For the Agency to negotiate an effective Facility Attachment it must have available certain design information, including the facility's identity, capacity and location; the form, location and flow of nuclear material and the layout of important items of equipment; and a description of the features and procedures relating to nuclear material accountancy, containment and surveillance. In practice such information is solicited in a format, standardized for each facility type, known as the Design Information Questionnaire or the D.I.Q. The nuclear activities used as a model in this course are those of a fictitious country called Pacifica. These nuclear activities bear some resemblance to those at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission's Research Establishment at Lucas Heights. Specifically, Pacifica has a 10 MW heavy water cooled and moderated research reactor using enriched uranium fuel which is very similar to the HIFAR reactor. The reactor and the associated laboratories are described and the Design Information Questionnaire for them is completed. figs., tabs

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Persian Translation of Perception of Psychiatry Survey Questionnaire and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties  

OpenAIRE

Objective: Test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire , which is being used in a large multi-site international study, of which we were part. This instrument was designed to measure the attitudes of medical educators to psychiatry.Methods: We used World Health Organization guideline as the methodological model for Persian translation. The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire was administered to a con...

Valentin Artounian; Behnam Shariati; Homayoun Amini; Alireza Salimi; Ali-Akbar Nejatisafa

2012-01-01

27

Sleepwalking in Parkinson's disease: a questionnaire-based survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sleepwalking (SW) corresponds to a complex sleep-associated behavior that includes locomotion, mental confusion, and amnesia. SW is present in about 10% of children and 2-3% of adults. In a retrospective series of 165 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), we found adult-onset ("de novo") SW "de novo" in six (4%) of them. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively and systematically the frequency and characteristics of SW in PD patients. A questionnaire including items on sleep quality, sleep disorders, and specifically also SW and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), PD characteristics and severity, was sent to the members of the national PD patients organization in Switzerland. In the study, 36/417 patients (9%) reported SW, of which 22 (5%) had adult-onset SW. Patients with SW had significantly longer disease duration (p = 0.035), they reported more often hallucinations (p = 0.004) and nightmares (p = 0.003), and they had higher scores, suggestive for RBD in a validated questionnaire (p = 0.001). Patients with SW were also sleepier (trend to a higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, p = 0.055). Our data suggest that SW in PD patients is (1) more common than in the general population, and (2) is associated with RBD, nightmares, and hallucinations. Further studies including polysomnographic recordings are needed to confirm the results of this questionnaire-based analysis, to understand the relationship between SW and other nighttime wandering behaviors in PD, and to clarify the underlying mechanisms. PMID:21293874

Oberholzer, Michael; Poryazova, Rositsa; Bassetti, Claudio L

2011-07-01

28

Researches regarding a constructing problem of a PV system. Part 1. Conscious investigation by means of a questionnaire survey; Taiyoko hatsuden system ni okeru kenchikuteki shomondai no kenkyu. 1. Anketo chosa ni yoru ishiki chosa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The installation and introduction of photovoltaic power generation systems (PVS) in buildings are growingly expected in the construction field from now, coupled with the marketing of a solar cell module as a product for a construction material in the form of an external wall or a roof material for example. For this purpose, it is necessary at first to summarize problems that may arise at the time of or after the installation of PVS as a product. This paper examines an opinion poll, degree of recognition, current problems, etc., of PVS as a result of a questionnaire survey given to engineers and architects engaged in the actual construction business. The degree of recognition and interest was very high. Consultation or request for PVS installation was much more than predicted in numbers. Roughly 50% of the respondents reacted positively for the future installation request of PVS and, combined with the respondents who answered to look into the installation tentatively, not less than 90% were of a forward-looking opinion. The 85% of the respondents was not aware of the monitor business system for residential PVS. Further, the survey clearly brought out the importance of cost problems. 1 ref., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Nakajima, Y.; Yamazaki, R.; Kuroki, T. [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

1996-10-27

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Musculoskeletal education in general practice: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Musculoskeletal education in primary care has previously been shown, in 1995, to be inadequate [1]. The aims of this study were to evaluate the current musculoskeletal education and skills during vocational training for general practice and to see if progress has been made. Questionnaires were sent to General Practice Registrars, in general practice attachments in June 2004. Four UK General Practice Deaneries participated (Northern, Mersey, Yorkshire and Wessex). Questionnaires were received from 251 (44 %) registrars. Of the responders, only 77 % reported receiving specific clinical rheumatology teaching at medical school and 30 % had not received any tutorials on musculoskeletal conditions during their vocational training. Of the registrars, 16 % reported having completed a rheumatology post, and an additional 19 % had been able to attend rheumatology outpatient clinics; 70 % of the registrars had injected or aspirated the knee although less than half of these (22 %) had done this in a primary care setting. Lack of experience was associated with low confidence at knowing when to perform the injection and with performing the injection itself. A significant proportion of registrars reported being pre-dominantly self-taught for performing injections (soft tissue?=?10.7 %, joint injections?=?8.7 %) and for the management of shoulder pain (20.1 %). Registrars rated their overall musculoskeletal training as inadequate. Primary care musculoskeletal education remains inadequate and needs to be improved to enable registrars to be confident in managing a significant proportion of their workload. Identifying learning needs for primary care would inform future educational interventions. PMID:24510025

Wise, E M; Walker, D J; Coady, D A

2014-07-01

30

There are a few things you did not ask about my pain: writing on the margins of a survey questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study is a secondary analysis of comments written on survey questionnaires about pain mailed to community-dwelling persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) or amputation. Narrative comments were added by 54.1% of 797 respondents. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of those who wrote comments and to understand what was being communicated in their comments. A qualitative content analysis was used to identify the major themes, subthemes, and thematic categories in the unsolicited comments. The overarching theme was desiring dialogue with the researcher. Presenting themselves as experts on living with pain because of a chronic disabling condition, respondents described personal experiences of living with pain, coping with pain, and educating others about pain. Examining comments and narratives written in the margins of quantitative survey questionnaires can add value to and extend understanding of survey findings and implications. PMID:16294804

Warms, Catherine A; Marshall, Helen M; Hoffman, Amy J; Tyler, Erica J

2005-01-01

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Identifying obstacles to participation in a questionnaire survey on widowers' grief  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to determine if Icelandic widowers might foresee obstacles to responding to a questionnaire on bereavement. Also, we sought to compare the proportion of men reporting obstacles in a telephone interview to the actual response rate in the questionnaire survey. Methods The study was part of a nation-wide survey of widowers who lost their wives in 1999, 2000, and 2001. This included all widowers born in Iceland 1924-1969 (aged 30-75 years) who were al...

Helgason Asgeir R; Skulason Bragi

2010-01-01

32

How to Use Qualitative Research to Design a Managerially Useful E-Service Questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available E-service questionnaires must be content-aligned with the company or organization's customer relationship management system (CRM). Four phases of qualitative research will ensure this alignment. The first phase is a qualitatively evaluative search of the practitioner literature on e-retailing, both [...] B2B and B2C, and on CRM so as to capture evolving knowledge in both fields. The second phase is individual depth interviews (IDIs) with potential, current, and lapsed customers to map their e-interactive behavior and experiences. The third phase is dyadic depth interviews (DDIs) with the marketing manager and the website designer to fully understand the company's current and potential e-service and CRM capabilities. The e-service questionnaire can then be designed according to the general guidelines presented in this article and using question-and-answer templates provided in the author's previous article [14]. The final phase of qualitative research will consist of post-survey IDIs with a sample of the original survey respondents to clarify and elaborate on the survey's findings, followed by a final manager-designer DDI to implement the findings.

John R, Rossiter.

2012-08-01

33

DRUG SERVICE RESEARCH SURVEY (DSRS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS) is a national survey which obtained information on drug treatment providers and clients in 1990. The survey consisted of several components, a facility-based telephone interview with a sample of 1,183 drug treatment providers followed by a...

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A questionnaire survey about public's image of radiation after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey about the public's image of radiation was performed after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident. The survey was taken by general citizens (200 and 1,640 in Fukushima and 52 outside of Fukushima) and doctors (63 in Fukushima and 1,942 outside of Fukushima (53 in Oita, 44 in Sagamihara and 1,845 in Kitakyushu) in and outside of Fukushima and second year medical students in the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan. The questionnaire surveys were performed during lectures about radiation. The response rates were 86% for the general citizens in Fukushima, 91% for the general citizens outside of Fukushima, 86% for doctors in Fukushima, 85% and 86% for doctors in Sagamihara and Oita, respectively. The questionnaire surveys were sent to clinics and hospitals in Fukushima where the general citizens answered with a response rate of 50%. When the questionnaire surveys were sent to clinics and hospitals in Kitakyushu, doctors answered, with a response rate of 17%. The percentages of anxiety about future radiation effects after the FDNPP accident were the highest among the general citizens (71.6% in Fukushima and 40.4% outside of Fukushima), in the middle among the doctors (30.2% in Fukushima and 26.2% outside of Fukushima) and the lowest among the medical students (12.2%). The doctors in Fukushima and the medical students were anxious about food and soil pollution. The general citizens and the detectors outside of Fukushima were anxious about health problems and food and soil pollution. We concluded that a high level of education about radiation decreased the anxiety about the radiation effects. It is important to spread knowledge about radiation. (author)

35

A randomized trial of mailed questionnaires versus telephone interviews: Response patterns in a survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Data for health surveys are often collected using either mailed questionnaires, telephone interviews or a combination. Mode of data collection can affect the propensity to refuse to respond and result in different patterns of responses. The objective of this paper is to examine and quantify effects of mode of data collection in health surveys. Methods A stratified sample of 4,000 adults residing in Denmark was randomised to mailed questionnaires or computer-assisted telephone interviews. 45 health-related items were analyzed; four concerning behaviour and 41 concerning self assessment. Odds ratios for more positive answers and more frequent use of extreme response categories (both positive and negative among telephone respondents compared to questionnaire respondents were estimated. Tests were Bonferroni corrected. Results For the four health behaviour items there were no significant differences in the response patterns. For 32 of the 41 health self assessment items the response pattern was statistically significantly different and extreme response categories were used more frequently among telephone respondents (Median estimated odds ratio: 1.67. For a majority of these mode sensitive items (26/32, a more positive reporting was observed among telephone respondents (Median estimated odds ratio: 1.73. The overall response rate was similar among persons randomly assigned to questionnaires (58.1% and to telephone interviews (56.2%. A differential nonresponse bias for age and gender was observed. The rate of missing responses was higher for questionnaires (0.73 – 6.00% than for telephone interviews (0 – 0.51%. The "don't know" option was used more often by mail respondents (10 – 24% than by telephone respondents (2 – 4%. Conclusion The mode of data collection affects the reporting of self assessed health items substantially. In epidemiological studies, the method effect may be as large as the effects under investigation. Caution is needed when comparing prevalences across surveys or when studying time trends.

Olsen Ole

2007-06-01

36

The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture. Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843 in 203 clinical areas (including critical care units, operating rooms, inpatient settings, and ambulatory clinics in three countries (USA, UK, New Zealand. Multilevel factor analyses yielded results at the clinical area level and the respondent nested within clinical area level. We report scale reliability, floor/ceiling effects, item factor loadings, inter-factor correlations, and percentage of respondents who agree with each item and scale. Results A six factor model of provider attitudes fit to the data at both the clinical area and respondent nested within clinical area levels. The factors were: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Scale reliability was 0.9. Provider attitudes varied greatly both within and among organizations. Results are presented to allow benchmarking among organizations and emerging research is discussed. Conclusion The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties. Healthcare organizations can use the survey to measure caregiver attitudes about six patient safety-related domains, to compare themselves with other organizations, to prompt interventions to improve safety attitudes and to measure the effectiveness of these interventions.

Boyden James

2006-04-01

37

Career choices of the United Kingdom medical graduates of 2005, 2008 and 2009: questionnaire surveys.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: To compare specialty choices of the UK medical graduates of 2005, 2008 and 2009, one year after graduation, with those of graduates from previous years and with the distribution of senior medical practitioners working in England. METHOD: Postal questionnaire surveys. RESULTS: The proportion of graduates giving more than one specialty choice rose in the most recent cohorts. Among men, choices for surgical careers fell from 37% of 2005 graduates to 25% of 2008 and 2009 graduates. Th...

Svirko, E.; Goldacre, Mj; Lambert, T.

2013-01-01

38

The gastro-esophageal reflux disease questionnaire using Indonesian language: A language validation survey  

OpenAIRE

Background: The aims of this study were to test the usefulness of the Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ) in the diagnosis of GERD, to validate the GERDQ written in Indonesian language, and to evaluate the reliability of the GERDQ for use in Indonesian-speaking GERD patients (Virginia study).Methods: This was a prospective survey of 40 patients diagnosed with GERD, based on an endoscopic examination, in 3 cities in Indonesia (Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya) from 15 Janua...

Marcellus Simadibrata; Aziz Rani; Pangestu Adi; Ali Djumhana; Murdani Abdullah

2011-01-01

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Teenagers' knowledge of emergency contraception: questionnaire survey in south east Scotland.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE--To determine the level of knowledge of emergency contraception among 14 and 15 year olds. DESIGN--Confidential questionnaire survey. SETTING--10 secondary schools in Lothian, south east Scotland. SUBJECTS--1206 pupils predominantly (98.7%) aged 14 and 15 in the fourth year of secondary school. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Knowledge of the existence of emergency contraception; of its safety, efficacy, and time limits; and of where to obtain it. RESULTS--1121 (93.0%) fourth year pupils age...

Graham, A.; Green, L.; Glasier, A. F.

1996-01-01

40

Good and Bad Sleep in Childhood: A Questionnaire Survey amongst School Children in Southern Italy  

OpenAIRE

Despite its clinical importance, the issue of subjective sleep quality in children remains unexplored. Here we investigate, in school-aged children, the prevalence of bad sleep perception and its relationships with sleep habits and daytime functioning, to provide hints on its possible determinants. Subjective sleep perception, sleep habits, and daytime functioning were studied through a questionnaire survey in a sample of 482 children (6–12?yrs.). Being “bad sleeper” was reported by 6...

Iole Zilli; Vittoria De Padova; Francesca Conte; Gianluca Ficca

2011-01-01

41

How do general practices manage requests from patients for 'same-day' appointments? A questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

Same-day appointment requests are common and can be problematic for general practices that run appointment systems. In a questionnaire survey sent to 90 general practices in one health authority area (response rate 88%), a variety of management systems existed for dealing with same-day appointment requests. Managing the requests was found to be a significant cause of stress for many general practitioners. Registrars, locums, and practice nurses play only a small part in meeting patient demand...

Luthra, M.; Marshall, M. N.

2001-01-01

42

Remarkable experiences of the nuclear tests in residents near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. Analysis based on the questionnaire surveys  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of this paper is to identify salient experiences of those who were exposed to radiation by the nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Tests Site (SNTS). In 2002, our research team of the Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, started to conduct some field research by means of a questionnaire survey. Through this, we expected to examine the health condition of the residents near the SNTS, identify their experiences from the nuclear tests, and understand the exposure path. This attempt at clarifying the reality of radiation exposure at Semipalatinsk through the use of a survey research method is the first of its kind. Among the responses to our survey, the present paper focuses mainly upon responses to the questions concerning the experiences of the nuclear tests. It deals mainly with direct experiences of nuclear tests of the residents characteristic to Semipalatinsk, including some new experiences hitherto unnoticed. The present paper touches upon their concrete direct experiences of flash, bomb blast, heat, rain and dust. We also discuss distinct experiences in Semipalatinsk such as evacuation, through the additional use of their testimonies. The data have been compared with the results obtained in a similar survey made in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. For the data analysis, a statistical method called logistic multiple linear regression analysis has been used. (author)

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A questionnaire survey on radiotherapy for patients with a pacemaker on an implantable cardioverter defibrillator  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted a questionnaire survey on radiotherapy for patients with a pacemaker (PM) or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). We received replies from 108 out of 174 Japanese Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (JASTRO) board certificated institutions. Ninety-one institutions performed radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD. Policy, indications and techniques of radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD varied significantly from institution to institution. We believe that this survey has prompted a better understanding of radiotherapy at such a special situation, and that more information and experience will serve to ensure safer application of radiotherapy for patients with PM/ICD. (author)

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Persian Translation of Perception of Psychiatry Survey Questionnaire and Evaluation of its Psychometric Properties  

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Full Text Available Objective: Test the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire , which is being used in a large multi-site international study, of which we were part. This instrument was designed to measure the attitudes of medical educators to psychiatry.Methods: We used World Health Organization guideline as the methodological model for Persian translation. The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 100 medical teachers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Azad University. The content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the instrument were assessed.Results: No item changed completely during the process of translation and cultural adaptation. The content validity of translation and back translation was 0.74 and 0.86 according to Feliss Kappa Statistic. The Cronbach’s ? coefficient was 0.76 for the Persian version and for its subdivisions ranged from 0.59 to 0.81. The inter class correlation (ICC coefficient for test-retest reliability of the whole instrument was 0.89.Conclusion: The Persian version of Perception of Psychiatry Survey questionnaire could be considered as a good cross-cultural equivalent for original English version. The instrument is a reliable instrument in terms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

Valentin Artounian

2012-09-01

45

Report based on DT/7 questionnaire : Communication and preservation in academic research (An analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

DT/7-D4 is concerned with which types of communication within academic communities are essential viewed in respect of preservation. The central product is a presentation and an analysis of a questionnaire deployed to researchers at Aarhus University.

SØrensen, Annette Balle; Kruse, Filip

2009-01-01

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Product of questionnaire survey for durability of concrete (2). Comment to the questionnaire result; Anketo chosa kekka ni taisuru komento  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The committee of the durability expert committee, Hachiro Yoshida, who explained the above-mentioned questionnairing result on question and result of reply of 11 items. To begin with, he explained that according to this questionnaire, the admiration for the durability was high, and that It was clear to advance the examination with technical progress and change of the social environment. Next, he explained that by the advance on high range water reducing admixtures and belite cement matrix, the technology of high flow and high strength concrete spread, and that these technical progress rapidly improved the durability. Finally, he described that the establishment of reinforcement means and criterion for evaluation were important. (NEDO)

Yoshida, Hachiro [Taiheiyo Cement Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

1999-04-10

47

Students' Interpretations of the Meanings of Questionnaire Items in the National Student Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

In many countries the outputs from university student satisfaction surveys are used for a variety of educational management purposes. Within the United Kingdom, the main instrument employed by state authorities to measure student satisfaction is the National Student Survey (NSS). The issue investigated by the current research related to whether…

Bennett, Roger; Kane, Suzanne

2014-01-01

48

Career choices of United Kingdom medical graduates of 2002: questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: To report the specialty choices of UK medical graduates of 2002, and to compare their choices with those of qualifiers in previous years and with the profile of career grade doctors in different specialties in England. METHODS: We carried out a postal questionnaire survey in the UK and drew comparisons with official data for numbers of specialists. RESULTS: The response rate was 65.3% (2778/4257). A total of 22.7% of the medical graduates of 2002 (28.1% of women, 14.5% of men) exp...

Lambert, Tw; Goldacre, Mj; Turner, G.

2006-01-01

49

Questionnaire survey of customer satisfaction for product categories towards certification of ergonomic quality in design.  

Science.gov (United States)

Customer satisfaction was surveyed for 6 product categories (consumer electronics, daily commodities, home equipment, information systems, cars, and health appliances) by questionnaires based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Analyzing weight of evaluation factors, the 6 product categories were reorganized into 4 categories, those were related to 4 aspects in daily living that formed by two axes: home living - mobility life and healthy life - active communication. It was found that consumers were attracted by the actual user test by public institutes for all product categories. The certification based on the design process standard established by authorities, such as EQUID was the second best attractor for consumers. PMID:22316844

Mochimaru, Masaaki; Takahashi, Miwako; Hatakenaka, Nobuko; Horiuchi, Hitoshi

2012-01-01

50

Questionnaire survey on factors influencing comfort with indoor environmental quality in Danish housing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A questionnaire survey in Danish homes investigated the factors that influence occupants’ comfort. The questionnaire contained questions on inhabitants’ behaviour, their knowledge as regards building systems designed for controlling the indoor environment and the ways in which they achieve comfort. A total of 2499 questionnaires were sent to inhabitants of the most common types of housing in Denmark; 645 persons replied (response rate of 26%). The results show that the main indoor environmental parameters (visual, acoustic and thermal conditions, and air quality) are considered by occupants to be the most important parameters determining comfort. Manual control of the indoor environment was indicated by the respondents as highly preferred, and only in the case of temperature did they accept both manual and automatic control. The respondents indicated that they were confident about how the systems for controlling indoor environmental quality in their homes should be used. 54% of them reported to have had at least one problem related to the indoor environment at home. A majority of those respondents did not try to search for information on how to solve the problem. This may suggest that there is a need for increasing people’s awareness regarding the consequences of a poor indoor environment on their health and for improving people’s knowledge on how to ensure a good indoor climate.

Frontczak, Monika Joanna; Andersen, Rune Vinther

2012-01-01

51

Factors influencing prescribing behaviour of physicians in Greece and Cyprus: results from a questionnaire based survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Over the past few decades, drug and overall healthcare expenditure have risen rapidly in most countries. The present study investigates the attitudes and the factors which influence physician prescribing decisions and practice in Greece and Cyprus. Methods A postal questionnaire was developed by researchers at the Department of Health Economics at the National School of Public Health in Greece, specifically for the purposes of the study. This was then administered to a sam...

Fragoulakis Vasilis; Maniadakis Nikos; Pavlakis Andreas; Tsiantou Vasiliki; Theodorou Mamas; Pavi Elpida; Kyriopoulos John

2009-01-01

52

Effect of nasal speaking valve on speech intelligibility under velopharyngeal incompetence: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Velopharyngeal incompetence is known as a contributing factor to speech disorders. Suwaki et al. reported that nasal speaking valve (NSV) could improve dysarthria by regulating nasal emission utilising one-way valve. However, disease or condition which would be susceptible to treatment by NSV has not been clarified yet. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of NSV by questionnaire survey using ready-made NSV. Subjects were recruited through the internet bulletin, and NSV survey set was sent to the applicant. Sixty-six participants, who agreed to participate in this study, used NSV and mailed back the questionnaire which included self-evaluation and third-party evaluation of speech intelligibility. Statistical analysis revealed that the use of NSV resulted in significant speech intelligibility improvement in both self-evaluation and third-party evaluation (P speech intelligibility could be observed in cerebrovascular disease and neurodegenerative disease (P speech intelligibility by shutting up nostrils by fingers, and the significant effect of NSV on both self-evaluation and third-party evaluation of speech intelligibility was observed (P speech intelligibility was improved by closing nostrils. PMID:25251499

Mikamo, S; Kodama, N; Pan, Q; Maeda, N; Minagi, S

2015-02-01

53

The 8th questionnaire survey report of safety control in nuclear medicine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey on safety of nuclear medicine studies was conducted under the subcommittee for radionuclide imaging and nuclear medicine technology of Japan Radioisotope Association to promote patient safety. Questionnaires were sent to 1300 hospitals and 21 clinical laboratories in Japan with 1034 facilities responded (78.3%). Sixty percents of the workers in the facilities were nuclear medicine technologists. Medical doctors comprised 20% of the workers, but 32% in the university hospitals. The number of laboratory technologists decreased in all categories of the facilities. Composite PET/CT scanners increased sharply, whereas 2-detector and 3-detector imaging systems decreased. Regular maintenance was performed in approximately 80% of the SPECT imaging systems, while the single head imaging systems were maintained less frequently. Filmless systems were employed in 25.3% of all of the facilities responded, with the higher rate in the university hospitals. The number of accidents and incidents in the facilities decreased. Falls on floor and fall from an examination bed were reported. The nuclear medicine technologists were concerned about safety mechanism of imaging systems, and dimension and height of examination beds. They also wanted prompt supply of safety information and easy interconnectivity among different data of various vendors' systems. The results of this survey may be a valuable source of information on safety of nuclear medicine procedures. (authfety of nuclear medicine procedures. (author)

54

Outcomes of a questionnaire survey on intracranial hypotension following minor head injury  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intracranial hypotension (IH) is a rare condition caused by leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Recently, a small number of clinicians have proposed a new concept about IH following minor head injury. They suggest that many of their patients with IH can be successfully treated with epidural blood patch therapy. They also argue that some patients with post-traumatic cervical syndrome and general fatigue syndrome suffer from IH following minor head injury. Consequently, IH following minor head injury was widely recognized and dealt with as a social problem in Japan. On the other hand, pathophysiological aspects of the condition as well as the provisional criteria to describe this clinical entity remain to be elucidated. In 2006, the Japan Society of Neurotraumatology performed a questionnaire survey asking 44 hospitals belonging to trustees of this society about IH following minor head injury. This paper provides a report of the outcomes of this survey. The response rate to this questionnaire was 57% (25/44). Fifty-six percent of respondents did not have experience of IH following minor head injury. Moreover, respondents' criteria for describing this disease differed greatly, especially in the radiological examinations and symptoms for the diagnosis of this entity which showed significant variation. These problems might originate from the general features of this disease. With the exception of postural headache, the symptoms of this disease varied enormously. This widf this disease varied enormously. This wide range of symptoms confused with the pathophysiolosies of a great many similar conditions. As such, clarifications of the pathophysiological characteristics of IH following minor head injury, together with consensus on specific criteria to describe the condition, are required. In conclusion, the results of this survey revealed many serious scientific and social problems associated with the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypotension following minor head injury. Scientific study including the performing of randomized controlled trials, is important if agreement is to be reached on the proper identification of this clinical entity. (author)

55

The Use of Web Questionnaires in Second Language Acquisition and Bilingualism Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The present article focuses on data collection through web questionnaires, as opposed to the traditional pen-and-paper method for research in second language acquisition and bilingualism. It is argued that web questionnaires, which have been used quite widely in psychology, have the advantage of reaching out to a larger and more diverse pool of…

Wilson, Rosemary; Dewaele, Jean-Marc

2010-01-01

56

Disease Awareness and Management Behavior of Patients with Atopic Dermatitis: A Questionnaire Survey of 313 Patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) should be relatively well informed about the disorder to control their condition and prevent flare-ups. Thus far, there is no accurate information about the disease awareness levels and therapeutic behavior of AD patients. Objective To collect data on patients' knowledge about AD and their behavior in relation to seeking information about the disease and its treatment. Methods We performed a questionnaire survey on the disease awareness and self-management behavior of AD patients. A total of 313 patients and parents of patients with AD who had visited the The Catholic University of Korea, Catholic Medical Center between November 2011 and October 2012 were recruited. We compared the percentage of correct answers from all collected questionnaires according to the demographic and disease characteristics of the patients. Results Although dermatologists were the most frequent disease information sources and treatment providers for the AD patients, a significant proportion of participants obtained information from the Internet, which carries a huge amount of false medical information. A considerable number of participants perceived false online information as genuine, especially concerning complementary and alternative medicine treatments of AD, and the adverse effects of steroids. Some questions on AD knowledge had significantly different answers according to sex, marriage status, educational level, type of residence and living area, disease duration, disease severity, and treatment history with dermatologists. Conclusion Dermatologists should pay more attention to correcting the common misunderstandings about AD to reduce unnecessary social/economic losses and improve treatment compliance. PMID:25673930

Kim, Jung Eun; Lee, Young Bok; Lee, Ji Hyun; Kim, Hye Sung; Lee, Kyung Ho; Park, Young Min; Lee, Jun Young

2015-01-01

57

Symptoms of ill health ascribed to electromagnetic field exposure--a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

From June 2001, health questionnaires were distributed to people who complained about symptoms of ill health which they ascribed to exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). The objective of the survey was to gain a better knowledge of the anxieties of complainants, to obtain hints of possible problems and of actions that should be taken to solve the problems. The survey was not designed to establish a causal association between exposure to EMF and symptoms of ill health. Within one year, 429 questionnaires were returned of which 394 persons reported symptoms. The average age of the complainants was 51.0 years and 57 percent were female. The complainants were older, had a higher educational level and were more likely to be married compared to the general Swiss population. A mean of 2.7 different symptoms were reported. Sleep disorders (58%), headaches (41%), nervousness or distress (19%), fatigue (18%), and concentration difficulties (16%) were most common complaints. Complainants related their symptoms most frequently to exposure to mobile phone base stations (74%), followed by mobile phones (36%), cordless phones (29%) and power lines (27%). No distinct symptoms related to a specific field source could be identified. Eighty-five percent of the people who consulted a public authority because of their symptoms were unsatisfied with the response, whereas consultation of self-help groups or building ecologists usually fulfilled expectations. Two thirds of complainants had taken some action to reduce their symptoms. The most common measure was to avoid exposure if possible. Removing or disconnecting indoor sources was judged to be the most effective action. PMID:15031956

Röösli, Martin; Moser, Mirjana; Baldinini, Yvonne; Meier, Martin; Braun-Fahrländer, Charlotte

2004-02-01

58

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. Methods The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference lists of relevant reviews and relevant journals were hand searched. Inclusion criteria were randomised trials of strategies to improve questionnaire response in health care research on patient populations. Response rate was defined as the percentage of questionnaires returned after all follow-up efforts. Study quality was assessed by two independent reviewers. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios. Results Thirteen studies reporting fifteen trials were included. Implementation of reminder letters and telephone contact had the most significant effect on response rates (odds ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 2.30 to 5.97 p = Conclusion Implementing repeat mailing strategies and/or telephone reminders may improve response to postal questionnaires in health care research. Making the questionnaire shorter may also improve response rates. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that incentives are useful. In the context of health care research all strategies to improve response to postal questionnaires require further evaluation.

Gates Simon

2006-02-01

59

Prevalence of Rubber Dam Usage during Endodontic Procedure: A Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: To determine the prevalence and frequency of rubber dam usage for endodontic procedures among general practitioners, specialized practitioners, undergraduate final year students and Endodontists in the state of Odisha, India. Methodology: A pre-piloted questionnaire was distributed among 737 subjects. Dentists and final year students were surveyed in relation to their prevalence of rubber dam usage. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square/ Fisher Exact tests have been used to find the significance of study parameters on categorical scale between two or more groups. Results: Overall response rate was 71%. While about 94% of the subjects knew the use of rubber dam, 30% have used it for root canal cases and 23% use them for all cases of root canal treatment. Use of rubber dam was 15.4% in paediatric patients and 34.4% in adult patients. 68% of subjects received knowledge about rubber dam usage in undergraduate school. 75% felt that rubber dam should be compulsory before endodontic treatment & 90% were willing to gain knowledge through training and continuing dental education programs. Conclusion: Whilst rubber dam is used frequently for root canal treatment than operative treatment, in the present survey there is a low prevalence of its usage during endodontic therapy. This presents quality issues, as well as medico-legal and safety concerns for the professional and patients alike. Greater emphasis should be placed on the advantages of using rubber dam in clinical dentistry at dental school and through continuing dental education for practitioners to update their knowledge. PMID:25121053

G, Shashirekha; Maity, Asim Bikash; Panda, Pankaj Kumar

2014-01-01

60

Survey questionnaire of pediatric nuclear medicine examinations in 14 Japanese institutes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Under the auspices of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Nuclear Medicine, an annual aggregate from a 5-year period, 2007 to 2011, of a survey questionnaire of pediatric nuclear medicine examinations performed at 14 institutes in the Kanto region was conducted. The subjects were pediatric patients 15 years old or younger. The survey questions included the determination method for administered dose of radiopharmaceuticals, the items examined and number of examinations. Of 14 institutes, 11 determined administered doses using the formula: adult dose x (age+1)/(age+7), while the remaining 3 used the adult dose as the maximum dose and used a conversion formula based on age and physical condition. In 2011, in a total of 3,884 pediatric patients, renoscintigraphy accounted for 41.5%, brain 14.4%, pulmonary scintigraphy 12.9%, oncology 9.0%, hepatobiliary scintigraphy 6.3%, gastrointestinal scintigraphy 4.8%, musculoskeletal scintigraphy 4.3%, cardiology 2.5%, and other 4.9% of all nuclear medicine examinations. Pediatric nuclear medicine examinations in general hospitals accounted for only 3.4% of all examinations. A similar trend was observed in previous years. Since pediatric patients have a longer reproductive term and higher sensitivity to radiation exposure, pediatric nuclear medicine requires a strict selection of appropriate studies and administered dose. These results show the current practice and would warrant further consideration. (author)eration. (author)

61

Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C. Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers' attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals' encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents' attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction, 0.874 for perception of management, and 0.785 for working conditions. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated a good model fit for each dimension and the entire construct. The percentage of hospital healthcare workers holding positive attitude was 48.9% for teamwork climate, 45.2% for perception of management, 42.1% for job satisfaction, 37.2% for safety climate, and 31.8% for working conditions. There were wide variations in the range of SAQ-C scores in each dimension among hospitals. Compared to those without positive attitudes, healthcare workers with positive attitudes to each SAQ dimension were more likely to perceive good collaboration with coworkers, and their hospitals were more likely to encourage safety reporting and to prioritize safety training programs (Wald chi-square test, p Conclusions Analytical results verified the psychometric properties of the SAQ-C at Taiwanese hospitals. The safety culture at most hospitals has not fully developed and there is considerable room for improvement.

Lee Wui-Chiang

2010-08-01

62

The gastro-esophageal reflux disease questionnaire using Indonesian language: A language validation survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The aims of this study were to test the usefulness of the Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GERDQ in the diagnosis of GERD, to validate the GERDQ written in Indonesian language, and to evaluate the reliability of the GERDQ for use in Indonesian-speaking GERD patients (Virginia study.Methods: This was a prospective survey of 40 patients diagnosed with GERD, based on an endoscopic examination, in 3 cities in Indonesia (Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya from 15 January to 15 May 2009. Patients were asked to complete the GERDQ, and the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed.Results: The percentages of respondents who reported symptoms lasting 4–7 days were as follows: 68% had a burning sensation behind the breastbone (heartburn; 65% had stomach content (fluid move upwards to the throat or mouth (regurgitation; 70% had a pain in the centre of the upper abdomen; 58% had nausea; 63% had difficulty sleeping because of the heartburn and/or regurgitation; and 63% took additional medication for heartburn and/or regurgitation. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.83, indicating that all of the questions in the Indonesian-language GERDQ are valid and reliable for Indonesian GERD patients.Conclusions: This study achieved the primary objectives and showed that the GERDQ is valid and reliable for use with Indonesian-speaking GERD patients. The results were consistent with those of the DIAMOND study, which showed that the GERDQ can be used to diagnose GERD on the basis of the reported symptoms. (Med J Indones 2011; 20:125-30Keyword: GERD, GERDQ, Reliability test, Validity test, Virginia study

Marcellus Simadibrata

2011-05-01

63

Exercise behaviors and barriers to exercise in adult burn survivors: A questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Exercise is a key component of burn rehabilitation across all phases of care. Supervised outpatient exercise programs have been shown to improve outcomes following burn injury. However, little is known about the exercise behaviors of burn survivors who do not undertake such programs. This study aimed to investigate self-reported exercise behaviors and barriers to exercise in adult burn survivors. A short questionnaire survey was conducted on adult burn survivors attending the ambulatory burns clinic of a tertiary hospital over a 6-week period. The collected data were subjected to paired t-tests and Pearson's correlation test. A total of 63 adult burn survivors (mean age 36.5 years completed the questionnaire. Participants reported exercising less frequently and engaged in fewer different types of exercise compared with pre-burn (P < 0.05. Poor physical conditions and low motivation and enthusiasm were the major barriers to exercise. Participation in supervised exercise programs can be limited by a range of factors including the availability of resources and access to facilities. This preliminary study suggests that there is a need to improve compliance with outpatient exercise programs. Burn survivors appear to exercise less frequently after burn injury. Barriers to exercise following burn injury include poor physical condition and reduced motivation. Further investigation into overall physical activity following burn injury and potential physical and psychological limitations is warranted. Burn clinicians should highly encourage injury survivors to participate in supervised exercise programs when available or to do exercises at home to maximize post-burn injury recovery.

Jennifer Baldwin

2013-12-01

64

[Results of a questionnaire survey on the use of gentamicin sulfate injection].  

Science.gov (United States)

Unlike what has been approved overseas, only a low dose is approved in Japan for the use of Gentamicin Sulfate Injection (hereinafter referred to as GM Injection). A change in dose and administration was requested to the Evaluation Committee on Unapproved or Off-labeled Drugs with High Medical Needs. As a consequence, high-dose GM Injection began to be developed in Japan. In order to assess the current use of GM Injection, a questionnaire survey was conducted among infectious disease specialists certified by the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases, and physicians certified as specialists/instructors of antibiotic chemical treatment by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy. Valid responses were obtained from as many as 38.0% of questionnaire recipients (719/1891 physicians). About 30% of the respondents used GM Injection in the year 2011. Major indications for adult patients included sepsis and infective endocarditis, and bacterial strains mainly included Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Streptococcus species. Some diseases and bacterial strains domestically unapproved as indications were also treated with GM Injection. GM Injection is administered mainly as an intravenous infusion, usually once daily, which is not approved in Japan. Some physicians administered a fixed dose of GM (120 mg/day or less), not more than the upper limit approved in Japan. The majority of physicians, however, adopted a dosage of 3-5 mg/kgy/day, the standard dosage approved overseas. Physicians who implemented TDM outnumbered those who did not. The target blood level when administering 2-3 times a day was mostly 2 microg/mL or less as the trough level, and 4-10 microg/mL as the peak level. In particular, GM Injection was concurrently administered with other injectable antimicrobial agents to treat sepsis or infective endocarditis mainly in the following combinations: with penicillins or carbapenems for sepsis: with penicillins for infective endocarditis. Renal impairment was the most common adverse reaction requiring special care to be reported by the respondents. The survey revealed the current status of use, which is that GM Injection is used at the dose and administration approved in Japan, and that high-dose GM Injection, equivalent to the dosage approved overseas, is also used by quite a few physicians. The current use supports the request submitted to the Evaluation Committee on Unapproved or Off-labeled Drugs with High Medical Needs. Therefore, the same dosage that is approved overseas is recommended to be approved as soon as possible in Japan. PMID:23819349

Ohnishi, Kenji; Mikamo, Hiroshige

2013-05-01

65

Complementary and Alternative Medicine use in oncology: A questionnaire survey of patients and health care professionals  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Abstract Background We aimed to investigate the prevalence and predictors of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use among cancer patients and non-cancer volunteers, and to assess the knowledge of and attitudes toward CAM use in oncology among health care professionals. Methods This is a cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted in a single institution in Ireland. Survey was performed in outpatient and inpatient settings involving cancer patients and non-cancer volunteers. Clinicians and allied health care professionals were asked to complete a different questionnaire. Results In 676 participants including 219 cancer patients; 301 non-cancer volunteers and 156 health care professionals, the overall prevalence of CAM use was 32.5% (29.1%, 30.9% and 39.7% respectively in the three study cohorts). Female gender (p < 0.001), younger age (p = 0.004), higher educational background (p < 0.001), higher annual household income (p = 0.001), private health insurance (p = 0.001) and non-Christian (p < 0.001) were factors associated with more likely CAM use. Multivariate analysis identified female gender (p < 0.001), non-Christian (p = 0.001) and private health insurance (p = 0.015) as independent predictors of CAM use. Most health care professionals thought they did not have adequate knowledge (58.8%) nor were up to date with the best evidence (79.2%) on CAM use in oncology. Health care professionals who used CAM were more likely to recommend it to patients (p < 0.001). Conclusions This study demonstrates a similarly high prevalence of CAM use among oncology health care professionals, cancer and non cancer patients. Patients are more likely to disclose CAM usage if they are specifically asked. Health care professionals are interested to learn more about various CAM therapies and have poor evidence-based knowledge on specific oncology treatments. There is a need for further training to meet to the escalation of CAM use among patients and to raise awareness of potential benefits and risks associated with these therapies.

Chang, Kah Hoong

2011-05-24

66

Doctors currently in jobs with academic content and their future intentions to pursue clinical academic careers: questionnaire surveys  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary Objectives Our aim was to report on doctors’ descriptions of their current post at about 12 years after qualification, in respect of academic content, and to compare this with their long-term intentions. By academic content, we mean posts that are designated as clinical academic posts or clinical service posts that include research and/or teaching commitments. Design Questionnaire survey. Participants All UK medical graduates of 1996 contacted in 2007, graduates of 1999 in 2012, and graduates of 2000 in 2012. Setting UK. Main outcome measures Responses about current posts and future intentions. Method Postal and email questionnaires. Results The response rate was 61.9% (6713/10844). Twenty eight per cent were working in posts with academic content (3.3% as clinical academics, 25% in clinical posts with some academic content). Seventeen per cent of women were working in clinical posts with some teaching and research, compared with 29% of men. A higher percentage of men than women intended to be clinical academics as their eventual career choice (3.9% overall, 5.4% of men, 2.7% of women). More doctors wished to move to a job with an academic component than away from one (N?=?824 compared with 236). This was true for both men (433 compared with 118) and women (391 compared with 118). Conclusions Women are under-represented both in holding posts with academic content and in aspirations to do so. It is noteworthy that many more doctors hoped to move into an academic role than to move out of one. Policy should facilitate this wish in order to address current shortfalls in clinical academic medicine.

Smith, Fay; Goldacre, Michael J

2015-01-01

67

"Any other comments?" Open questions on questionnaires – a bane or a bonus to research?  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The habitual "any other comments" general open question at the end of structured questionnaires has the potential to increase response rates, elaborate responses to closed questions, and allow respondents to identify new issues not captured in the closed questions. However, we believe that many researchers have collected such data and failed to analyse or present it. Discussion General open questions at the end of structured questionnaires can present a problem because of ...

Thomas Kate J; Cathain Alicia, O.

2004-01-01

68

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22) questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire. Methods Foll...

Christodoulou Evangelos A; Koen Errikos M; Paganas Aristofanis; Angelis Lefteris; Katranitsa Labrini; Antonarakos Petros D; Christodoulou Anastasios G

2009-01-01

69

General public awareness of heart failure: results of questionnaire survey during Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction General public views about heart failure (HF) alone and in comparison with other chronic conditions are largely unknown; thus we conducted this survey to evaluate general public awareness about HF and HF disease burden relative to common chronic disease. Material and methods This was a cross-sectional survey during European Heart Failure Awareness Day 2011. People visiting the stands and other activities in 12 Slovenian cities were invited to complete a 14-item questionnaire. Results The analysis included 850 subjects (age 56 ±15 years, 44% men, 55% completed secondary education or higher). Overall, 83% reported to have heard about HF, 58% knew someone with HF, and 35% believed that HF is a normal consequence of ageing. When compared to other chronic diseases, HF was perceived as less important than cancer, myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes with only 6%, 12%, 7%, and 5% of subjects ranking HF as number 1 in terms of prevalence, cost, quality of life, and survival. A typical patient with HF symptoms was recognized by 30%, which was comparable to the description of myocardial ischemia (33%) and stroke (39%). Primary care physicians (53%) or specialists (52%) would be primary sources of information about HF. If experiencing HF, 83% would prefer their care to be focused on quality of life rather than on survival (14%). Conclusions Many participants reported to have heard about heart failure but the knowledge was poor and with several misbeliefs. Heart failure was perceived as less important than several other chronic diseases, where cancer appears as a main concern among the general public. PMID:24904672

Letonja, Mitja; Kovacic, Dragan; Hodoscek, Lea Majc; Marolt, Apolon; Bartolic, Cvetka Melihen; Mulej, Marija; Penko, Meta; Poles, Janez; Ravnikar, Tinkara; Iskra, Mojca Savnik; Pusnik, Cirila Slemenik; Jug, Borut

2014-01-01

70

Democratic learning in the Aalborg Model : Participant directed learning in groups. Results from questionnaire surveys.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A democratic learning system can be defined as a system where decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning are established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) between those affected by the decision simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. In principle the participants must be equal with equal rights and feel committed to the values of rationality and impartiality. The Aalborg Model is an example of a democratic learning system although not 100% democratic. The influence of the students in relation to their own learning is not extended to e.g. the teaching in courses and the facilitation of the groups might be elitist. But the learning in groups during the project work is in principle learning in a communication community, free and without supremacy. Decisions, processes and behaviour related to learning can be established through argumentation (discussion) or negotiation (dialog), voting or consensus (alone or in combination) within the group simultaneously reaching the learning outcomes, the technical and professional knowledge and insight. This article describes results from 2 questionnaire surveys focusing on democratic learning in reality in the Aalborg Model. The responders are first year students asked twice: In their first and second semester.

Qvist, Palle

71

The use of antidepressant drugs in general practice. A questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine the anti-depressant drug prescribing preferences and habits of a population of general practitioners. The method used was that of a questionnaire survey, including case vignettes. The response rate exceeded 70% Data are presented out-lining the attitudes of the respondents to the use of antidepressant drugs in the management of common psychiatric presentations in the primary care setting. The majority of general practitioners (G.P.'s) had received little or no post-graduate education in psychiatry. The antidepressants most frequently prescribed were amitriptyline, clomipramine, trazodone and lofepramine. Despite recognition of the alarming frequency of serious self-poisoning incidents with some of these compounds, 26% of respondents confessed to an inability to make an informed choice of antidepressant drug, with 14% using the same drug with every patient with no attempt to select according to individual patient requirements. The management of depressive neurosis generates considerable clinical confusion with a variety of interventions favoured. The use of a sedating antidepressant is popular. There is greater accord for the management of endogenomorphic depression. The use of the benzodiazepine drugs in the management of anxiety disorders is infrequent, with appropriate recognition of the merits of behavioural approaches. However, the role for antidepressant drugs in the management of anxiety disorders is under-recognized. We conclude that general practitioners are required to undertake a significant body of work for which they may be inadequately trained. PMID:8276042

Matthews, K; Eagles, J M; Matthews, C A

1993-01-01

72

Good and Bad Sleep in Childhood: A Questionnaire Survey amongst School Children in Southern Italy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite its clinical importance, the issue of subjective sleep quality in children remains unexplored. Here we investigate, in school-aged children, the prevalence of bad sleep perception and its relationships with sleep habits and daytime functioning, to provide hints on its possible determinants. Subjective sleep perception, sleep habits, and daytime functioning were studied through a questionnaire survey in a sample of 482 children (6-12?yrs.). Being "bad sleeper" was reported by 6.9% of the sample. Compared to the "good sleepers", these subjects displayed shorter sleep duration on schooldays, longer sleep latencies, and a more pronounced evening preference, beyond more frequent insufficient sleep. Though no differences emerged in sleepiness, bad sleepers showed higher impairments in daytime functioning, indicated by more frequent depressed mood and impulsivity. These distinctive features might be very important to precociously detect those children who are possibly more vulnerable to sleep disturbances and whose sleep-wake rhythms evolution should be paid particular attention thereafter. "The good people sleep much better at night than the bad people.Of course, the bad people enjoy the waking hours much more"Woody Allen. PMID:23509633

Ficca, Gianluca; Conte, Francesca; De Padova, Vittoria; Zilli, Iole

2011-01-01

73

Analytical research for Safaricom Limited company : A customer Satisfaction survey  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this research was to measure and assess the level of customer satisfaction for Safaricom, to reveal problems that customers have come across and seek ways to improve products and services for this telecommunications company. The theoretical framework focuses on customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the gap service quality model by Zeithaml and the total perceived quality model by Grönroos. The survey was conducted using questionnaires that were sent online and others g...

Maina, Janet

2010-01-01

74

Criticality accident in uranium fuel processing plant. Questionnaires from Research Committee of Nuclear Safety  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Committee of Nuclear Safety carried out a research on criticality accident at the JCO plant according to statement of president of the Japan Atomic Energy Society on October 8, 1999, of which results are planned to be summarized by the constitutions shown as follows, for a report on the 'Questionnaires of criticality accident in the Uranium Fuel Processing Plant of the JCO, Inc.': general criticality safety, fuel cycle and the JCO, Inc.; elucidation on progress and fact of accident; cause analysis and problem picking-up; proposals on improvement; and duty of the Society. Among them, on last two items, because of a conclusion to be required for members of the Society at discussions of the Committee, some questionnaires were send to more than 1800 of them on April 5, 2000 with name of chairman of the Committee. As results of the questionnaires contained proposals and opinions on a great numbers of fields, some key-words like words were found on a shape of repeating in most questionnaires. As they were thought to be very important nuclei in these two items, they were further largely classified to use for summarizing proposals and opinions on the questionnaires. This questionnaire had a big characteristic on the duty of the Society in comparison with those in the other organizations. (G.K.)

75

Incidence, causes, severity and treatment of throat discomfort: a four-region online questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute sore throat is commonly associated with viral infections. Consumers typically rely on over-the-counter treatments and other remedies to treat symptoms; however, limited information is available regarding consumer perceptions of sore throat or treatment needs. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of throat discomfort and how these influence attitudes and consumer behaviour with regard to treatment. Methods Online consumer surveys were completed by participants invited by email between 2003 and 2004 in four markets: the UK, France, Poland, and Malaysia. The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions that covered key issues surrounding throat discomfort including incidence in the past 12 months, causes, severity, effects on functionality and quality of life, actions taken to relieve throat discomfort, the efficacy of these approaches and the reasons behind using specific products. Results In total, 6465 men and women aged ?18 years were surveyed, identifying 3514 participants who had suffered throat discomfort/irritation in the past 12 months (response rate of 54%. These participants completed the full survey. The breakdown of throat discomfort sufferers was: UK, 912; France, 899; Poland, 871; Malaysia, 832. A high proportion of respondents experienced one or more instances of throat discomfort in the previous 12 months, with an overall incidence of 54%. Infections including the common cold/influenza and other bacteria/viruses were commonly perceived causes of throat discomfort (72% and 46%, respectively. Physical and environmental factors were also perceived to be causative, including airborne pollution (28%, smoking (23%, and air conditioning (31%. Symptoms perceived to be caused by an infection were associated with a higher degree of suffering (mean degree of suffering for bacteria/virus and common cold/influenza; 3.4 and 3.0, respectively. Medicinal products were used for all perceived causes, but more commonly for sore throats thought to be caused by infections. Cold drinks were used more often for symptoms thought to be due to physical and environmental causes. Conclusions Not all throat discomfort is the same, as demonstrated by the range of perceived causes and the emotional and physical symptoms experienced. Patient expectations regarding treatment of throat discomfort differs and treatments should be tailored by pharmacists to suit the cause.

Addey Dilys

2012-08-01

76

Use of Pharmacologic Agents for Modulation of Ischaemia-Reperfusion Injury after Hepatectomy: A Questionnaire Study of the LiverMetSurvey International Registry of Hepatic Surgery Units  

OpenAIRE

Objectives. This study is a questionnaire survey on the use of pharmacological agents to modify liver ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases with the target population being those units participating in the LiverMetSurvey international registry. Methods. Members of LiverMetSurvey were sent an online questionnaire using SurveyMonkey comprising ten questions on the use of pharmacological agents to modulate hepatic IR injury in the pe...

Santhalingam Jegatheeswaran; Saurabh Jamdar; Thomas Satyadas; Sheen, Aali J.; Rene Adam; Siriwardena, Ajith K.

2014-01-01

77

Needs assessment of persons with multiple sclerosis and significant others: using the literature review and focus groups for preliminary survey questionnaire development.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to conduct focus group interviews to obtain information for development of a needs assessment questionnaire. Four focus groups were conducted with 10 people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and five significant others. A facilitator from the learning services department at the hospital conducted the interviews guided by questions developed by the researcher. The focus group interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. The researcher analyzed the transcribed interviews. Content analysis was used to analyze the transcribed data creating categories from key words and phrases as they appeared. The findings were grouped by themes. The results highlighted the participants' experiences and needs regarding physical changes; sources of assistance; unmet needs; psychological, employment, leisure, and informational needs. A comparison of themes developed from the focus groups and in the literature captured categories for questionnaire development. One new theme, leisure, was not found in the literature and was incorporated based on the findings of this study. The final categories for questionnaire development were: physical, health, psychological, financial, employment/meaningful daytime activity and leisure, accessibility and information. A survey questionnaire was developed from the focus group data using the phraseology of the participants. PMID:12852337

Koopman, Wilma

2003-06-01

78

2008 Public Sector Cucumber Research Priority Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

In December 2008, a national wide survey was conducted to identify priorities for cucumber research in the public sector. The questions in the survey were in four categories: diseases, insects, abiotic stresses and other issues. The survey was sent to cucumber-related researchers in the public insti...

79

Ethical and research dilemmas arising from a questionnaire study of psychological morbidity among general practice managers.  

OpenAIRE

A questionnaire-based research project enquiring into the psychological health of general practice managers found that 5% of managers admitted to suicidal ideas. This paper explores the moral issues raised when research conducted at a distance uncovers information about participants which indicates that they may be at increased risk of harm. It examines whether the authors of such studies have responsibilities towards their research participants beyond those of analysing and properly interpre...

Sheikh, A.; Hurwitz, B.; Parker, M.

2001-01-01

80

Occupational Stress in Military Health Settings: A Questionnaire-Based Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Military hospitals play a crucial role in delivery of healthcare services to patients during emergencies. Despite that, limited studies have attempted to characterize factors affecting quality of work life in em­ployees of military health settings. To contribute in filling this gap, this study explored employee occupational stress in a military hospital, situated in the western region of Iran.Methods: A descriptive-analytical study of cross-sectional design was conducted in 2011. All employees work­ing in the 597 Army Hospital (n = 76 were surveyed. Data was collected using questionnaire. Reliability of the scale was ensured by Cronbach’s alpha of 0.94. Descriptive statistics was employed for data summarization. T test and ANOVA were used to compare mean scores of occupational stress between demographic and professional groups.Findings: Occupational stress among employees averaged 46% ranging from 26% to 91%. While 25% of sub­jects reported low occupational stress, 58% showed moderate stress levels, and 17% expressed high stress lev­els. Clinicians showed significantly higher occupational stress as compared with administrative staff (P = 0.029. No significant effect was identified for other demographic and professional characteristics including age, sex, marital status, educational level, and work experience either between entire employees, or between clinicians.Conclusions: By finding considerable or high stress among three forth of the employees, our study support the notion that employees of military hospitals are more prone to occupational stress as compared with the personnel of civilian health set­tings. In addition, expression of higher stress levels by healthcare employees compared to their administrative counterparts shows that working conditions in military health settings are even more stressful for clinical staff. These findings add weight to the urgency of devising coping strategies to alleviate occupational stress in clinicians of military hospitals.

Maryam Keykha

2012-12-01

81

A questionnaire-based survey on nurse perceptions of patient handoffs in japanese hospitals  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Patient handoff is a critically important process in healthcare. However, there have been few studies investigated healthcare staff perceptions of its quality and safety. In the present paper, we seek to explore essential characteristics of patient handoff. We discuss critical factors and strategies contributing to effective handoffs. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2011, collecting 1462 valid responses (74% response rate) from nurses in six Japanese hospitals. There were 17 questions, each with reply options on a five-point Likert scale, covering five main aspects: information transfer, responsibility transfer, management goals, environment and handoff system. As an overall trend, Japanese nurses indicated that both information and responsibility for the patient were transferred moderately well within the hospital. They put a higher priority on the goal of patient safety and a relatively smaller on efficiency. Most respondents viewed their hospital's handoff system as immature. Significant differences were observed in nurses' perceptions not only across hospitals but also across wards/departments. In particular, during patient handoffs between different units, nurses working in intensive care unit, emergency department, operating room and the outpatient clinic showed significantly stronger awareness of different views of relevant information from other units, but more positive views of voicing their concerns during handoffs than inpatient ward nurses. The longer their working years in their current work unit and the longer their cumulative experience, the more positive was nurses' perceptions of patient handoffs within their hospital. According to respondents, patient information was transferred significantly more sufficiently between shifts than between different units. We would suggest improvement of handoff system, e.g., implementing IT systems, and appropriate guidelines, as well as its training for safer patient handoffs in Japanese hospitals. Copyright © (2012) by IAPSAM & ESRA.

Gu, Xiuzhu; Itoh, Kenji

2012-01-01

82

Assessing poisoning risks related to storage of household hazardous materials: using a focus group to improve a survey questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In fall of 2004, the authors began an investigation to characterize the correlations between the storage of Household Hazardous Materials and the associated health risks, particularly to children. The study area selected was Genesee County, Michigan, near Flint, with data to be collected by a phone survey of residents and through the acquisition of county hospital records containing procedure codes indicating treatment for poison emergencies, and review of poison control center data. Methods A focus group was used to identify key topics and relationships within these data for improving the phone survey questionnaire and its analysis. Results The focus group was successful in identifying the key issues with respect to all the data collection objectives, resulting in a significantly shorter and more topically focused survey questionnaire. Execution time of the phone survey decreased from 30 to 12 minutes, and useful relationships between the data were revealed, e.g., the linkage between reading food labels and reading labels on containers containing potentially harmful substances. Conclusion Focus groups and their preparatory planning can help reveal data interrelationships before larger surveys are undertaken. Even where time and budget constraints prevent the ability to conduct a series of focus groups, one successful focus group session can improve survey performance and reduce costs.

Keswick David

2005-08-01

83

Questionnaire survey and serum phosphorus levels in maintenance hemodialysis patients switching lanthanum carbonate formulation from chewable tablets to granules.  

Science.gov (United States)

We conducted a questionnaire survey of 79 maintenance hemodialysis patients switching lanthanum carbonate (LC) formulation from chewable tablets to granules, to investigate the compliance and patient preferences of these two formulations. For the number of times chewed when taking chewable tablets, the ratio of patients who responded 10 times or more was 54.4%, who responded four to nine times was 24.1% and who responded three times or less was 8.9%. Thirty-seven patients (46.8%) responded "Granules are easier to take", 22 patients (27.8%) responded "Chewable tablets are easier to take", and 20 patients (25.3%) responded "No difference between formulations." Changes in serum phosphorus (P) levels were also measured for 4 weeks after switching formulation, but no significant differences were observed before and after switching. We think that these questionnaire survey results show the compliance status and the patient needs for LC in the clinical practices. PMID:24953764

Mukai, Itsumi; Yoshizawa, Taku; Kumagai, Junko; Takahashi, Naoko; Tsuchiya, Shinichiro

2014-06-01

84

[Translating questionnaires for use in crosscultural research--are we doing the right thing?].  

Science.gov (United States)

The translation of health related QoL (HRQL) instruments for use in another culture is still a science under development and there are situations of more than one version of the same questionnaire. Specialized medical subjects are difficult content area and good professional translators are often incapable of translating medical material. Technical traps may lead to erroneous research conclusions that, although due to methodological flaws, are undetectable as such and considered to be substantive in nature and even those who are aware of the problem find its solution daunting. Although standards for translation of questionnaires do not exist, are we doing the right thing? PMID:19462718

Oliveira Reis, Leonardo

2009-01-01

85

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

OpenAIRE

A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), rivers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before...

Simon Karanja; Gabriel Mbugua; John Kagira; Naomi Maina; Edwin Ogendi; Maina Ngotho

2013-01-01

86

The Current Status of Treatment Strategies for Cerebral Aneurysms in Nagoya University and Affiliated Hospitals Based on a Questionnaire Survey  

OpenAIRE

We investigated differences in the treatment strategies for ruptured aneurysms among 26 hospitals affiliated with Nagoya University and any changes in those strategies based on responses to a questionnaire. We also surveyed the data concerning patients with a ruptured aneurysm collected from our affiliated hospitals between 2001 and 2002. In half of the institutes, angiography is performed immediately after an urgent medical examination, there are only five hospitals (20%) which have a basic ...

Izumi, T.; Miyachi, S.; Hattori, K.; Iizuka, H.; Nakane, Y.; Okamoto, T.; Yoshida, J.

2007-01-01

87

Why do psychotherapists participate in psychotherapy research and why not? Results of the Attitudes to Psychotherapy Research Questionnaire with a sample of experienced German psychotherapists.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objective: Psychotherapy research needs to convince psychotherapists to contribute their time and effort to participate. The present paper describes the development and first results of the Attitudes to Psychotherapy Research Questionnaire (APRQ). Method: The APRQ and additional qualitative questions about exclusion criteria for participation were filled out by a sample of 365 therapists (psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and cognitive-behavioral) during an Internet-based research survey. Results: A principle component analysis yielded six factors: Benefits, Damage, Legitimation, Self-doubt, Effectiveness Doubt and External Reasons. Age, external reasons and benefits predicted willingness to participate independent of therapeutic school. Discussion: Results show a changing trend to more positive attitudes to psychotherapy research. To be willing to participate in future research, therapists expected high quality designs, financial compensation, and personal gains. PMID:25047604

Taubner, Svenja; Klasen, Jennifer; Munder, Thomas

2014-07-22

88

Home delivery and newborn care practices among urban women in western Nepal: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background About 98% of newborn deaths occur in developing countries, where most newborns deaths occur at home. In Nepal, approximately, 90% of deliveries take place at home. Information about reasons for delivering at home and newborn care practices in urban areas of Nepal is lacking and such information will be useful for policy makers. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the immunisation clinics of Pokhara city, western Nepal during January and February, 2006. Two trained health workers administered a semi-structured questionnaire to the mothers who had delivered at home. Results A total of 240 mothers were interviewed. Planned home deliveries were 140 (58.3% and 100 (41.7% were unplanned. Only 6.2% of deliveries had a skilled birth attendant present and 38 (15.8% mothers gave birth alone. Only 46 (16.2% women had used a clean home delivery kit and only 92 (38.3% birth attendants had washed their hands. The umbilical cord was cut after expulsion of placenta in 154 (64.2% deliveries and cord was cut using a new/boiled blade in 217 (90.4% deliveries. Mustard oil was applied to the umbilical cord in 53 (22.1% deliveries. Birth place was heated throughout the delivery in 88 (64.2% deliveries. Only 100 (45.8% newborns were wrapped within 10 minutes and 233 (97.1% were wrapped within 30 minutes. Majority (93.8% of the newborns were given a bath soon after birth. Mustard oil massage of the newborns was a common practice (144, 60%. Sixteen (10.8% mothers did not feed colostrum to their babies. Prelacteal feeds were given to 37(15.2% newborns. Initiation rates of breast-feeding were 57.9% within one hour and 85.4% within 24 hours. Main reasons cited for delivering at home were 'preference' (25.7%, 'ease and convenience' (21.4% for planned deliveries while 'precipitate labor' (51%, 'lack of transportation' (18% and 'lack of escort' during labor (11% were cited for the unplanned ones. Conclusion High-risk home delivery and newborn care practices are common in urban population also. In-depth qualitative studies are needed to explore the reasons for delivering at home. Community-based interventions are required to improve the number of families engaging a skilled attendant and hygiene during delivery. The high-risk traditional newborn care practices like delayed wrapping, bathing, mustard oil massage, prelacteal feeding and discarding colostrum need to be addressed by culturally acceptable community-based health education programmes.

Giri Sabitri

2006-08-01

89

Use and feasibility of delayed prescribing for respiratory tract infections: A questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Delayed prescribing of antibiotics for respiratory tract infections (RTIs lowers the amount of antibiotics consumed. Several national treatment guidelines on RTIs recommend the strategy. When advocating treatment innovations, the feasibility and credibility of the innovation must be taken into account. The objective of this study was to explore GPs use and patients uptake of wait-and-see prescriptions for RTIs, and to investigate the feasibility of the strategy from GPs' and patients' perspectives. Methods Questionnaire survey among Norwegian GPs issuing and patients receiving a wait-and-see-prescription for RTIs. Patients reported symptoms, confidence and antibiotics consumption, GPs reported diagnoses, reason for issuing a wait-and-see-prescription and their opinion about the method. Results 304 response pairs from consultations with 49 GPs were received. The patient response rate was 80%. The most common diagnosis for the GPs to issue a wait-and-see prescription was sinusitis (33% and otitis (21%. 46% of the patients reported to consume the antibiotics. When adjusted for other factors, the diagnosis did not predict antibiotic consumption, but both being 16 years or more (p = 0,006 and reporting to have a fever (p = 0,012 doubled the odds of antibiotic consumption, while feeling very ill more than quadrupled the odds (p = 0,002. In 210 cases (69%, the GP found delayed prescribing a very reasonable strategy, and 270 patients (89% would prefer to receive a wait-and-see prescription in a similar situation in the future. The GPs found delayed prescribing very reasonable most frequently in cases of sinusitis (79%, p = 0,007 and least frequently in cases of lower RTIs (49%, p = 0,002. Conclusion Most patients and GPs are satisfied with the delayed prescribing strategy. The patients' age, symptoms and malaise are more important than the diagnosis in predicting antibiotic consumption. The GP's view of the method as a reasonable approach depends on the patient's diagnosis. In our setting, delayed prescribing seems to be a feasible strategy, especially in cases of sinusitis and otitis. Educational efforts to promote delayed prescribing in similar settings should focus on these diagnoses.

Lindbæk Morten

2011-05-01

90

Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. Methods A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, or psychiatrists with an interest in eating disorders. Results Respondents generally supported a role for compulsory measures under mental health legislation in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa. Compared to 'mild' anorexia nervosa, respondents generally were less likely to feel that patients with 'severe' anorexia nervosa were intentionally engaging in weight loss behaviours, were able to control their behaviours, wanted to get better, or were able to reason properly. However, eating disorder specialists were less likely than other psychiatrists to think that patients with 'mild' anorexia nervosa were choosing to engage in their behaviours or able to control their behaviours. Child and adolescent psychiatrists were more likely to have a positive view of the use of parental consent and compulsory treatment for an adolescent with anorexia nervosa. Three factors emerged from factor analysis of the responses named: 'Support for the powers of the Mental Health Act to protect from harm'; 'Primacy of best interests'; and 'Autonomy viewed as being preserved in anorexia nervosa'. Different scores on these factor scales were given in terms of type of specialist and gender. Conclusion In general, senior psychiatrists tend to support the use of compulsory treatment to protect the health of patients at risk and also to protect the welfare of patients in their best interests. In particular, eating disorder specialists tend to support the compulsory treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa independently of views about their decision-making capacity, while child and adolescent psychiatrists tend to support the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa in their best interests where decision-making is impaired.

Stewart Anne

2008-12-01

91

Electronic Surveys: Ethical Issues for Researchers.  

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Electronic surveys are a fast and low-cost research option which is just beginning to be used in student affairs. Researchers considering electronic surveys should be aware of ethical issues concerning representativeness, data analysis, confidentiality, and quotations. Describes issues that are different from similar problems with mail-out…

Goree, Cathryn T.; Marszalek, John F., III

1995-01-01

92

Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22 questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire. Methods Following the steps of cross – cultural adaptation the adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire and a validated Greek version of the SF-36 questionnaire were mailed to 68 patients treated surgically for Idiopathic Scoliosis. 51 out of the 68 patients returned the 1st set of questionnaires, while a second set was emailed to 30 randomly selected patients of the first time responders. 20 out of the 30 patients returned the 2nd set. The mean age at the time of operation was16,2 years and the mean age at the time of evaluation was 21,2 years. Descriptive statistics for content analysis were calculated. Reliability assessment was determined by estimating Cronbach's ? and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC respectively. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing SRS-22 domains with relevant domains in the SF-36 questionnaire using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (r. Results The calculated Cronbach's ? of internal consistency for three of the corresponding domains (pain 0.85; mental health 0.87; self image 0.83 were very satisfactory and for two domains (function/activity 0.72 and satisfaction 0.67 were good. The ICC of all domains of SRS-22 questionnaire was high (ICC>0.70, demonstrating very satisfactory or excellent test/retest reproducibility. Considering concurrent validity all correlations were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level among related domains and generally demonstrated high correlation coefficient. Conclusion The adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire is valid and reliable and can be used for the assessment of the outcome of the treatment of the Greek speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis.

Christodoulou Evangelos A

2009-07-01

93

The burden of headache disorders in India: methodology and questionnaire validation for a community-based survey in Karnataka State.  

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Primary headache disorders are a major public-health problem globally and, possibly more so, in low- and middle-income countries. No methodologically sound studies of prevalence and burden of headache in the adult Indian population have been published previously. The present study was a door-to-door cold-calling survey in urban and rural areas in and around Bangalore, Karnataka State. From 2,714 households contacted, 2,514 biologically unrelated individuals were eligible for the survey and 2,329 (92.9 %) participated (1,103 [48 %] rural; 1,226 [52 %] urban; 1,141 [49 %] male; 1,188 [51 %] female; mean age 38.0 years). The focus was on primary headache (migraine and tension-type headache [TTH]) and medication-overuse headache. A structured questionnaire administered by trained lay interviewers was the instrument both for diagnosis (algorithmically determined from responses) and burden estimation. The screening question enquired into headache in the last year. The validation study compared questionnaire-based diagnoses with those obtained soon after through personal interview by a neurologist in a random sub-sample of participants (n = 381; 16 %). It showed high values (> 80 %) for sensitivity, specificity and predictive values for any headache, and for specificity and negative predictive value for migraine and TTH. Kappa values for diagnostic agreement were good for any headache (0.69 [95 % CI 0.61-0.76]), moderate (0.46 [0.35-0.56]) for migraine and fair (0.39 [0.29-0.49]) for TTH. The survey methodology, including identification of and access to participants, proved feasible. The questionnaire proved effective in the survey population. The study will give reliable estimates of the prevalence and burden of headache, and of migraine and TTH specifically, in urban and rural Karnataka. PMID:22911168

Rao, Girish N; Kulkarni, Girish B; Gururaj, Gopalkrishna; Rajesh, Kavita; Subbakrishna, D Kumaraswamy; Steiner, Timothy J; Stovner, Lars J

2012-10-01

94

Mokken scale analysis of mental health and well-being questionnaire item responses: a non-parametric IRT method in empirical research for applied health researchers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Mokken scaling techniques are a useful tool for researchers who wish to construct unidimensional tests or use questionnaires that comprise multiple binary or polytomous items. The stochastic cumulative scaling model offered by this approach is ideally suited when the intention is to score an underlying latent trait by simple addition of the item response values. In our experience, the Mokken model appears to be less well-known than for example the (related Rasch model, but is seeing increasing use in contemporary clinical research and public health. Mokken's method is a generalisation of Guttman scaling that can assist in the determination of the dimensionality of tests or scales, and enables consideration of reliability, without reliance on Cronbach's alpha. This paper provides a practical guide to the application and interpretation of this non-parametric item response theory method in empirical research with health and well-being questionnaires. Methods Scalability of data from 1 a cross-sectional health survey (the Scottish Health Education Population Survey and 2 a general population birth cohort study (the National Child Development Study illustrate the method and modeling steps for dichotomous and polytomous items respectively. The questionnaire data analyzed comprise responses to the 12 item General Health Questionnaire, under the binary recoding recommended for screening applications, and the ordinal/polytomous responses to the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale. Results and conclusions After an initial analysis example in which we select items by phrasing (six positive versus six negatively worded items we show that all items from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 – when binary scored – were scalable according to the double monotonicity model, in two short scales comprising six items each (Bech’s “well-being” and “distress” clinical scales. An illustration of ordinal item analysis confirmed that all 14 positively worded items of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS met criteria for the monotone homogeneity model but four items violated double monotonicity with respect to a single underlying dimension. Software availability and commands used to specify unidimensionality and reliability analysis and graphical displays for diagnosing monotone homogeneity and double monotonicity are discussed, with an emphasis on current implementations in freeware.

Stochl Jan

2012-06-01

95

Research report for radioactivity survey (1986)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report gives the results of the 1986's research projects. The following research projects are covered: (I) research for radioactivity level and dosimetry in environment, food, and human body; (II) research for radioactivity level surrounding nuclear installations; (III) work in a radioactivity survey data center; (IV) basic research on the evaluation of radioactivity survey; (V) training of technicians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (VI) research on emergency countermeasures, including dosimetry. The results are provided mainly in tabular form. Some references are given in (VII). (Namekawa, K.)

96

Demographic characteristics of doctors who intend to follow clinical academic careers: UK national questionnaire surveys  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: It is well recognised that women are underrepresented in clinical academic posts. Our aim was to determine which of a number of characteristics-notably gender, but also ethnicity, possession of an intercalated degree, medical school attended, choice of specialty-were predictive of doctors' intentions to follow clinical academic careers. DESIGN: Questionnaires to all UK-trained medical graduates of 2005 sent in 2006 and again in 2010, graduates of 2009 in 2010 and graduates of 2012...

Smith, F.; Lambert, Tw; Goldacre, Mj

2014-01-01

97

Your Employeeship Questionnaire Manual: A survey of the relationships at your workplace (version 1.3)  

OpenAIRE

This manual describes how the Your Employeeship Questionnaire (YEQ) was developed as well as the administration and scoring procedures. It also provides a brief description, taken from the conceptual paper written by Bertlett, Johansson, and Arvidsson (2010), of the Employeeship-Leadership-Relationship (ELR) Model, the employeeship concept, and how a leadership theory is integrated into the ELR Model. For detailed presentation, please see Bertlett, et al. and Jönsson, Johansson, and Arvidsso...

Bertlett, Johan

2011-01-01

98

Development and validation of a questionnaire to identify severe maternal morbidity in epidemiological surveys  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objective to develop and validate a questionnaire on severe maternal morbidity and to evaluate the maternal recall of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. Design: validity of a questionnaire as diagnostic instrument. Setting: a third level referral maternity in Campinas, Brazil. Population: 386 survivors of severe maternal complications and 123 women that delivered without major complications between 2002 and 2007. Methods eligible women were traced and interviewed by telephone on the occurrence of obstetric complications and events related to their treatment. Their answers were compared with their medical records as gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios plus their correspondent 95% confidence intervals were used as main estimators of accuracy. Main outcomes: diagnosis of severe maternal morbidity associated with past pregnancies, including hemorrhage, eclampsia, infections, jaundice and related procedures (hysterectomy, admission to ICU, blood transfusion, laparotomy, inter-hospital transfer, mechanical ventilation and post partum stay above seven days. Results Women did not recall accurately the occurrence of obstetric complications, especially hemorrhage and infection. The likelihood ratios were Conclusion Process indicators are better recalled by women than obstetric complication and should be considered when applying a questionnaire on severe maternal morbidity.

Parpinelli Mary A

2010-07-01

99

Knowledge and beliefs concerning evidence-based practice amongst complementary and alternative medicine health care practitioners and allied health care professionals: A questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence-based practice (EBP has become an important competency in many allied and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM health care practitioners' professional standards of proficiency. Methods To compliment an EBP course for allied health care professionals and CAM practitioners, we undertook a questionnaire survey to assess learning needs. We developed a questionnaire to measure allied health care professionals and CAM practitioners' basic knowledge, skills and beliefs concerning the main principles of EBP. The questionnaires were administered to all attendees of one-day EBP workshops. Results During 2004–5 we surveyed 193 allied health care professionals and CAM practitioners who attended one-day EBP courses prior to commencement of teaching. Of the respondents 121 (62.7% were allied health care professionals and 65 (33.7% practitioners stated that they work in the CAM field Our survey found that the majority of the respondents had not previously attended a literature appraisal skills workshop (87.3% or received formal training in research methods (69.9%, epidemiology (91.2% or statistics (80.8%. Furthermore, 67.1% of practitioners specified that they felt that they had not had adequate training in EBM and they identified that they needed more training and education in the principles of EBM (86.7%. Differences in knowledge and beliefs concerning EBP amongst allied and CAM practitioners were found and length of time since qualification was also found to be an important factor in practitioner's beliefs. More CAM practitioners compared to allied health professionals accessed educational literature via the Internet (95.3% v 68.1%, p = 0.008. Whilst, practitioners with more than 11 years experience felt that original research papers were far more confusing (p = 0.02 than their less experienced colleagues. Conclusion The results demonstrate that practitioner's learning needs do vary according to the type of profession, time since graduation and prior research experience. Our survey findings are exploratory and will benefit from further replication, however, we do believe that they warrant consideration by allied health care and CAM tutors and trainers when planning EBP teaching curricula as it is important to tailor teaching to meet the needs of specific subgroups of trainees to ensure that specific learning needs are met.

Khan Khalid S

2008-07-01

100

Cognitive laboratory approach to designing questionnaires for surveys of the elderly.  

OpenAIRE

Data from surveys of the elderly are used by policy analysts to design health services programs. Consequently, the quality of survey data on elderly respondents has important implications for this growing segment of society: improving the quality of data should result in more cost effective programs for the elderly. However, studies suggest that the quality of responses from the elderly may be less than that for other respondents. Moreover, the increasing needs of policy analysts and health r...

Jobe, J. B.; Mingay, D. J.

1990-01-01

101

Conducting Survey Research via the Internet.  

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This guide to creating a survey to be administered on the Internet used Microsoft Access as the database program for the illustration. Forty-four steps in constructing the survey, including the Common Gateway Interface that moves the data collected in e-mails directly to the database, are outlined. The example developed by researchers at the…

Rice, Margaret L.; Wright, Vivian H.; Cofield, Jay; Stokes, Suzanne P.; Wilson, Elizabeth K.

102

Questionnaire survey of ultrasonography at centers equipped for detailed breast cancer screening  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To ascertain the current status of ultrasonography in mammographic (MG) screening at centers equipped for detailed examination and to clarify the related issues, a questionnaire was sent to 181 centers, exclusive of those providing only medical check-ups, recognized by the Central Committee for Quality Control of Mammographic Screening in 7 prefectures of Chubu District. Of the 99 centers that returned the questionnaire (response rate, 54.7%), 82 answered ''yes'' to the use of breast ultrasound in clinical practice, in which the actual state of breast ultrasonography was analyzed. Examinations were performed by doctors alone at 24 centers, doctors and non-doctors at 40, and non-doctors alone at 18. Examinations by doctors were performed in doctors' offices at 28 centers, in inspection rooms at 26 and both at 10, frequently as outpatient examinations in 51 centers (79.7%). The mean duration of examination was 9.8 min for the first examination of a symptomatic patient, 7.5 min for follow-up, 9.6 min for the first examination of an asymptomatic patient, and 7.6 min for follow-up. For non-doctors, the respective times were 16.7, 14.4, 14.7, and 14.2 min, respectively. Non-doctors performing examinations alone (87.9%) and with insufficient MG information (50.0%) took a longer time. Frequently, the image was read only by doctors (65.5%), employing static images (93.3%). Qualified specialist doctors and technologists accounted for 16.2%, and the rate of participation in trai.2%, and the rate of participation in training by the Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology (JABTS) was 24.7%. Based on the present questionnaire, conditions of breast ultrasonography for mild MG abnormalities still appear to be inadequate. (author)

103

Prevalences of symptoms of asthma and other allergic diseases in korean children: a nationwide questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of childhood asthma and other allergic diseases in Korea, and to determine potential risk factors for the diseases. Stratified random samples of 42,886 were selected from 34 elementary (6-12 yr olds) and 34 middle schools (12-15 yr olds) nationwide, and 38,955 were in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used in this cross-se...

Lee, S. I.; Shin, M. H.; Lee, H. B.; Lee, J. S.; Son, B. K.; Koh, Y. Y.; Kim, K. E.; Ahn, Y. O.

2001-01-01

104

Report on present status of quality control and assurance of PET in Japan based on questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Japan Radioisotope Association conducted a questionnaire survey to ascertain status of QA/QC activity of positron emission tomography (PET) in Japan. The questionnaire was sent to 277 PFT facilities with 116 valid responses (41.9%). The survey revealed that acceptance test of PET was performed by vender in 86.0% and by facility in 7.6% of the scanners. System sensitivity, accuracy of image registration, image homogeneity, accuracy of dead-time correction and accidental coincidence, and accuracy of attenuation and scatter correction was tested in 59.6%, 57.9%, 55.0%, 29.2%, and 28.1% of the PET scanners, respectively. The count normalization and cross calibration was tested once in 3 months in 71.5% of the scanners. Maintenance service contract was present in 93.3%. Normalization factor, cross calibration factor, and standardized uptake value (SUV) were varied from -11 to +20%, from -8 to +54%, and from -20 to +10% between the initial and the last tests. Dose calibrator and well counter was regularly checked in 55.0% and 82.6% of the equipment, respectively. (author)

105

Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research  

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Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases, we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948 and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796 test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1 Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2 Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

Büssing A

2009-05-01

106

Pioneering Integrated Education and Research Program in Graduate School of Engineering and its Inquiry by Questionnaire  

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Department of Adaptive Machine Systems, Department of Materials and Manufucturing Science and Department of Business engineering have constructed the educational programs of consecutive system from master to doctor courses in graduate school of engineering, “Pioneering Integrated Education and Research Program (PP) ”, to produce volitional and original mind researchers with high abilities of research, internationality, leader, practice, management and economics by cooperation between them for reinforcement of their ordinary curriculums. This program consists of the basic PP for master course students and the international exchange PP, leadership pp and tie-up PP of company and University for Doctor course students. In 2005th the basic PP was given to the master course students and then their effectiveness of the PP was investigated by questionnaire. The results of questionnaire proved that the graduate school students improved their various abilities by the practical lesson in cooperation between companies and our Departments in the basic PP, and that the old boys after basic PP working in companies appreciated the advantages to business planning, original conception, finding solution, patents, discussion, report skills required in companies.

Minamino, Yoritoshi

107

Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. Methods Data were collected from 140 midwives working in the public sector all over Cyprus by the Greek Version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Labor version. Results One hundred and six (75.71% registered midwives completed the questionnaire fully. The median of total work experience as a registered midwife was 3 years (IQR: 2-18.25; whereas the median of total working experience in the nursing and maternity units was 5 years (IQR: 2-21.75. Experienced midwives rated the following domains higher: team work, safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the midwives with less experience. Additionally those with a longer working life in the current maternity units rated these domains higher: safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the less experienced midwives. Conclusions The high mean total score on team work and safety climate in the more experienced group of midwives is a predominant finding for the maternity units of Cyprus. In Cyprus where facilities are small in size and midwives know each other, share more responsibility towards patient safety. It could be suggested that younger midwives need more support and teamwork practice to enhance the safety and teamwork climate towards self-confidence.

Savva Nicos

2011-09-01

108

General practitioners' knowledge of their patients' psychosocial problems: multipractice questionnaire survey.  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate general practitioners' knowledge of a range of psychosocial problems among their patients and to explore whether doctors' recognition of psychosocial problems depends on previous general knowledge about the patient or the type of problem or on certain characteristics of the doctor or the patient. DESIGN: Multipractice survey of consecutive adult patients consulting general practitioners. Doctors and patients answered written questions. SETTING: Buskerud county, Norway....

Gulbrandsen, P.; Hjortdahl, P.; Fugelli, P.

1997-01-01

109

Design and analysis of questionnaires for survey skills in chemical engineering  

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Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 21 false false false CA X-NONE X-NONE The new reorganization of university education has involved relevant changes in teaching and learning methodologies in order to help students to learn more effectively and to develop important skills and competences demanded by the professional world. In this sense the new configuration of the degree in Chemical Engineering required the identification of the main general and transferable skills, the implementation of the new teaching and learning strategies necessary to achieve them and, in addition, an evaluation procedure for determining the importance and the degree of development of a student´s skills and competences. In this exercise, two obligatory chemical reactor engineering subjects of the still in effect Chemical Engineering degree were chosen as examples of competence-based learning disciplines. For each one, a significant group of transferable and specific skills were selected to be developed. The identification and selection of skills was made according to the recommendations of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE together with the established requirements in the ministerial order for the new Chemical Engineering Degree (Ministerial order CIN/351/2009. In order to check the effectiveness of teaching strategies in helping students to acquire these abilities, specific questionnaires were designed. These tests allowed for the utility of the competences in question to be evaluated in terms of the students´ professional work as future chemical engineering graduates and also facilitated the perception of skill development acquired through the methodology implemented in these subjects. The results of the skill evaluation questionnaires revealed the importance that both university collectives (students and professors give to the development of transferable skills. These skills included the ability to communicate effectively (including in English, to work in multidisciplinary teams and learn on one’s own accord, and to be aware of the need for life-long learning. Furthermore, students and teachers agreed that there is a direct correlation between the higher development of specific skills and the chemical engineering learning outcomes. In this sense, an important effort should be devoted to the development of a students´ transferable skills by way of modifying the current teaching-learning system (partial substitution of lectures with tutorials and seminars, strategies based on problem-solving, projects and case studies (individual or student team-work, use of internet and electronic tools, etc..

Susana Lucas

2011-09-01

110

In-kind drug donations for Tanzania. Stakeholders' views--a questionnaire survey.  

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Tanzania, a country with low access to essential drugs, receives substantial drug donations (DDs) as in-kind gifts. To support the ongoing health sector reform and to promote a good donation practice, stakeholders' and recipients' views on the appropriateness and acceptability of DDs are of particular interest. The objectives were to collect information on the situation of in-kind DDs in Tanzania, to assess the characteristics of the DD system in Tanzania and to collect stakeholders' and recipients' views on problematic areas in DD processes including all strategies of drug donation. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected through validated postal questionnaires in Swahili and English, which were sent out in June 2001 countrywide to stakeholders of all sectors and levels of decision-making involved in healthcare in Tanzania. Of 1,383 mailed questionnaires, 496 were returned, of which 411 (30%) were eligible for analysis. All respondents perceived in-kind DDs as an important resource to assure drug availability in a context of poverty. Half of the respondents were recipients of in-kind DDs. On average, an estimated 27% of the recipients' drug supply was covered through DDs. The main problem for recipients of all sectors involved in healthcare was the insufficient quantity of DDs for sustainable treatment. Representatives of the public sector asked for more transparency in the DD processes. NGOs and religious facilities with better developed structures raised problems such as shipment fees, insufficient infrastructure and training. Recipients suggested that optimizing communication would have the greatest impact on improving the DD processes. In Tanzania, DDs were highly accepted by recipients and stakeholders. The primary concern of DD recipients was less the quality of drugs, although quality assurance remained an ongoing concern, than the discrepancy between the recipients' needs and the donors' supply. DDs often failed to cover priority needs. Suggestions of recipients for DD process optimization corresponded fully with the principles of the Tanzanian and the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for DDs, with the call for better implementation of the guidelines among donors and recipients. PMID:18270501

Mariacher, Gaby Gehler; Mtasiwa, Deo; Wiedenmayer, Karin; Bruppacher, Rudolf; Tanner, Marcel; Hersberger, Kurt E

2007-01-01

111

Radiation protection of nuclear medicine workers in the Czech Republic in 2003 -some results of SONS and questionnaire survey II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our paper presents the most. important data concerning an equipment of 45 nuclear medicine departments (depts.) with radiation protection facilities and aids. The results of the questionnaire survey mentioned in our previous paper are briefly summarized here. A relatively low radiation burden of nuclear medicine staff suggests the standard of radiation protection measures to be relatively good in our country. However, our survey shows some shortcomings, especially the following ones: (1) some depts. need equipment for the preparation and dispensing of radiopharmaceuticals; (2) syringe shields for injection of beta-emitters such as 90Y are missing Iargely; (3) at some depts. shielding of staff from the patient containing a radiopharmaceutical is either missing or insufficient. Some deficiencies, including those not mentioned here, cannot be considered too significant. If syringe shields for beta-emitters are not available, Pb shields can be provisionally used. It would be desirable to replace the Pb shields by tungsten ones having the same effectiveness as Pb shields but smaller dimensions enabling a more comfortable injections (of course, tungsten syringe shields were available at four depts. which administered 18F-FDG in 2003). An acquaintance of depts. with the results of our survey is believed to stimulate nuclear medicine workers to improve further radiation protection in compliance with legislative requirements. (authors)

112

Lacunae in patient knowledge about oral anticoagulant treatment: results of a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Oral anticoagulation therapy is affected by the drug used, intensity of anticoagulation, physician's experience, patient compliance, laboratory testing and patient education. Patient education is a key factor in optimal anticoagulation and safety in patients on oral anticoagulant therapy. This study was done to assess the knowledge of patients regarding oral anticoagulant therapy in the outpatient setting. This prospective study was done over 2 months in 101 patients on outpatient oral anticoagulant therapy. A 20-point questionnaire on various aspects of oral anticoagulation therapy was administered to assess their knowledge. The answers were graded on a scale of 0-1. Scores were then added up to quantify the knowledge status in each patient. Descriptive statistics and Student's t test was used to analyse the data. The mean knowledge score among patients was 9.4/18 (52.2 %). More than half (52.8 %) of the patients had a score of 80 % score-5.5/7) about the critical (must know) questions regarding OAT. Patients with age ?60 years had lower mean scores compared to those <60 years of age (p = 0.028). Illiteracy was also associated (p < 0.0001) with poor scores. There are significant lacunae in the knowledge about oral anticoagulation among patients on outpatient treatment. Older age and illiteracy were associated with poor knowledge among patients. More emphasis needs to be given to the vital aspect of patient education to make this therapy safer for patients. PMID:25825572

Joshua, Jisha K; Kakkar, Naveen

2015-06-01

113

Influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake among nursing home residents in Nottingham, England: a postal questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have shown influenza vaccine uptake in UK nursing home residents to be low. Very little information exists regarding the uptake of pneumococcal vaccine in this population. The formulation of policies relating to the vaccination of residents has been proposed as a simple step that may help improve vaccine uptake in care homes. Methods A postal questionnaire was sent to matrons of all care homes with nursing within the Greater Nottingham area in January 2006. Non respondents were followed up with up to 3 phone calls. Results 30% (16/53 of respondents reported having a policy addressing influenza vaccination and 15% (8/53 had a policy addressing pneumococcal vaccination. Seasonal influenza vaccine coverage in care homes with a vaccination policy was 87% compared with 84% in care homes without a policy (p = 0.47. The uptake of pneumococcal vaccination was found to be low, particularly in care homes with no vaccination policy. Coverage was 60% and 32% in care homes with and without a vaccination policy respectively (p = 0.06. This result was found to be statistically significant on multivariate analysis (p = 0.03, R = 0.46 Conclusion The uptake of influenza vaccine among care home residents in the Nottingham region is relatively high, although pneumococcal vaccine uptake is low. This study shows that there is an association between pneumococcal vaccine uptake and the existence of a vaccination policy in care homes, and highlights that few care homes have vaccination policies in place.

Vivancos Roberto

2008-05-01

114

Survey of Vibration Exposure and Musculoskeletal Disorder of Zahedan City Tractor Drivers by Nordics Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available Exposure to vibration is the cause of some occupational injuries and diseases. Objective of this study was determination of vibration exposure of tractor drivers and assessment of musculoskeletal disorder. This cross-sectional and descriptive- analytical study was administrated to 95 tractor drivers to census method and measuring induced vibration to the drivers was done in three axis, x, y, and z in tractors with load (10000 liter water, without load, with 10 km/h speed, by the vibration meter instrument “Sevantek”. The information related to musculoskeletal disorder was collected by using Nordic questionnaire. Data from both parts was analyzed by using SPSS. In the over load tractor group and with velocity vibration 10km/h, 50% of workers were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 39.3% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 10.7% in over exposure limit. This results were in the without load tractor group and with the same velocity, 23.8% of people were in the range of reduced comfort boundary, 42.9% in the range of fatigue decreased proficiency boundary and 33.3% in the range of over exposure limit and waist with 56.8% had the greatest rate of pain and ankle with 9.5% had the least amount of pain rate. Using of many tractors in city to displace water and other applications, paying attention to the health of drivers and checking the periodically, is needed.

Mostafa Mohammadi

2010-07-01

115

Community nursing needs more silver surfers: a questionnaire survey of primary care nurses' use of information technology  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK the health service is investing more than ever before in information technology (IT and primary care nurses will have to work with computers. Information about patients will be almost exclusively held in electronic patient records; and much of the information about best practice is most readily accessible via computer terminals. Objective To examine the influence of age and nursing profession on the level of computer use. Methods A questionnaire was developed to examine: access, training received, confidence and use of IT. The survey was carried out in a Sussex Primary Care Trust, in the UK. Results The questionnaire was sent to 109 nurses with a 64% response rate. Most primary care nurses (89% use their computer regularly at work: 100% of practice nurses daily, compared with 60% of district nurses and 59% of health visitors (p Conclusions Using computers in the surgery has become the norm for primary care nurses. However, nurses over 50, working out in the community, lack the confidence and skill of their younger and practice based colleagues.

de Lusignan Simon

2004-10-01

116

FINANCIAL BEHAVIOR OF ROMANIANS - PRELIMINARY ISSUES OF THE HOUSEHOLD BUDGET SURVEY WITH AN EXTENSION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE  

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Full Text Available In the context of an unprecedented acceleration of the demographic ageing process the objective of financial stability at different levels of the economy needs economic and social measures that are based on scientific grounds regarding the identification, analysis and forecasting of the changes in the financial behavior of both economic agents and the population. Pertinent data are necessary for the analysis, and since they did not exist to the necessary extent, we came up with the original idea of using the existent infrastructure for projection and implementation of the Household Budget Survey in the territory, to which a pilot section was added. The present approach aims at presenting the preliminary results of the pilot questionnaire, dedicated to financial behavior of the households.

Ileana Niculescu-ARON

2010-12-01

117

Influence factors of risk perception of radiation and its background. Questionnaire survey for reclamation project in the uranium mine  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To obtain public understanding on the uranium mining sites reclamation at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, it is necessary to conduct appropriate Risk Communication (RC). In this study, to discuss the appropriate Risk communication method on the uranium mining sites reclamation, we conducted questionnaire survey and text analysis. The results of the text analysis are as follows: (1) The main elements of the concern of radiation are the uneasiness to oncogenesis or a health effect. (2) The trusts for technology or scientists are the main elements of the reliance for the standard of radiation, in the group which shows low-sense of ownership, hatred for radioactive ray has a strong impact relatively. (author)

118

Perceptions of Pakistani medical students about drugs and alcohol: a questionnaire-based survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Drug abuse is hazardous and known to be prevalent among young adults, warranting efforts to increase awareness about harmful effects and to change attitudes. This study was conducted to assess the perceptions of a group of medical students from Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country, regarding four drugs namely heroin, charas, benzodiazepines and alcohol. Results In total, 174 self-reported questionnaires were received (87% response rate. The most commonly cited reasons for why some students take these drugs were peer pressure (96%, academic stress (90% and curiosity (88%. The most commonly cited justifiable reason was to go to sleep (34%. According to 77%, living in the college male hostel predisposed one to using these drugs. Sixty percent of students said that the drugs did not improve exam performance, while 54% said they alleviated stress. Seventy-eight percent said they did not intend to ever take drugs in the future. Females and day-scholars were more willing to discourage a friend who took drugs. Morality (78%, religion (76% and harmful effects of drugs (57% were the most common deterrents against drug intake. Five suggestions to decrease drug abuse included better counseling facilities (78% and more recreational facilities (60%. Conclusion Efforts need to be made to increase student awareness regarding effects and side effects of drugs. Our findings suggest that educating students about the adverse effects as well as the moral and religious implications of drug abuse is more likely to have a positive impact than increased policing. Proper student-counseling facilities and healthier avenues for recreation are also required.

Salahuddin Farah F

2006-10-01

119

The approach of urologists to kidney stones in southeastern Anatolia: a questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to investigate the possible differences of urologist in the Southeastern Anatolia Region concerning kidney stone disease about treatment selections and processes. We also aimed to provide data to all institutions that perform educational activities in our country, including the Turkish Association of Urology and Endourology. Our study also sought to determine the treatment priorities in our region.Material and methods: A questionnaire consisting of 22 questions was prepared and delivered to urologists by hand or by electronic mail. The responses from 66 urologists were evaluated, and the differences were calculated as percentages.Results: The distribution of the experts participating in the study was as follows: 39% were from a state hospital, 22% were from a private hospital, 7% were from a teaching hospital, and 30% were from a university hospital. Among urologists who opted for surgical treatment, 57% preferred open surgery, 41% preferred percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL, and 1% preferred retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS. In this study, 78% of the urologists performed PNL, and 55% of them began performing PNL after residency. Among the urologists in this study, 42% chose PNL for renal stone disease in pediatric patients. Support from interventional radiology was available in 40% of the clinics. Only 22% of the urologists were trained for RIRS, and 48% of the urologists have an extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL unit in their clinic. In symptomatic lower calyx stones, the first treatment choice was PNL in 59% of respondents. For coraliform stones, open surgery was preferred by 63%.Conclusion: In the Southeastern Anatolia region where kidney stone disease is endemic, surgical treatment is successfully applied by urologists. However, treatment programs in PNL and RIRC should be emphasized in this area.

Sak?p Mehmet Erturhan

2012-12-01

120

Questionnaire survey of current status and reserve for breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture. Achievement of a 50% participation rate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Mie Medical Network of Breast Cancer Screening, a NPO, was assigned the task of breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in April, 2010. For breast cancer screening in Mie prefecture in 2009, a questionnaire survey was performed toward both consigner and consignee. Consigners were local public offices managing breast cancer screening for local inhabitants, and consignees were facilities offering breast cancer screening. The number of breast cancer screening was investigated toward all 29 of consigners in Mie prefecture. The questionnaire survey was conducted toward all 52 of the facilities possessing mammography systems (breast cancer screening being performed at 48 of them) in Mie prefecture in 2009. We investigated the predictive additional number of breast cancer screening and also investigated the requisite number of staff to achieve the predictive maximum number of breast cancer screening. As a result, the total number of breast cancer screenings was 93,525, and the participation rate was 27.5% which was calculated by reduction of continuator in Mie prefecture in 2009. The continuator accounted for over 30% of all breast cancer screenings. The predictive additional number was 126,950, this indicates that a possible participation rate of 75.2% after 2011. To achieve this high participation rate, active support is essential for short-handed facilities, and about 20% increase of medical staff is necessary. To achieve a participation rate of over 50% as a goal, new icipation rate of over 50% as a goal, new screenees should be recruited and breast cancer screening of every other year should be enlightened. (author)

121

Questionnaire survey of working conditions of radiotherapy technologists in the Kinki region  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article reports the results of an April 1998 survey conducted among radiotherapy technologists in the Kinki region in order to investigate their working conditions at that time. According to the results, 26.6% of the radiotherapy technologists were working exclusively with a specific modality, 37% worked concurrently with two modalities, and 36.4% worked with all modalities on shift rotation. Many of the respondents reported working alone. The number of radiotherapy technologists working exclusively with a specific modality increased in proportion to the number of beds, while that of radiotherapy technologists working concurrently with other modalities decreased in inverse proportion to the number of beds, and that of radiotherapy technologists on shift rotation remained at a constant level. Most of the radiotherapy technologists started work between 8:30 and 9:00 and finished at 17:00. Overtime work averaged one hour. (author)

122

International survey of nursing home research priorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports the findings of a policy survey designed to establish research priorities to inform future research strategy and advance nursing home practice. The survey was administered in 2 rounds during 2013, and involved a combination of open questions and ranking exercises to move toward consensus on the research priorities. A key finding was the prioritization of research to underpin the care of people with cognitive impairment/dementia and of the management of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia within the nursing home. Other important areas were end-of-life care, nutrition, polypharmacy, and developing new approaches to putting evidence-based practices into routine practice in nursing homes. It explores possible innovative educational approaches, reasons why best practices are difficult to implement, and challenges faced in developing high-quality nursing home research. PMID:24703926

Morley, John E; Caplan, Gideon; Cesari, Matteo; Dong, Birong; Flaherty, Joseph H; Grossberg, George T; Holmerova, Iva; Katz, Paul R; Koopmans, Raymond; Little, Milta O; Martin, Finbarr; Orrell, Martin; Ouslander, Joseph; Rantz, Marilyn; Resnick, Barbara; Rolland, Yves; Tolson, Debbie; Woo, Jean; Vellas, Bruno

2014-05-01

123

Sickness absence associated with shared and open-plan offices - a national cross sectional questionnaire survey  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective The aim of this study was to examine whether shared and open-plan offices are associated with more days of sickness absence than cellular offices. Methods The analysis was based on a national survey of Danish inhabitants between 18–59 years of age (response rate 62%), and the study population consisted of the 2403 employees that reported working in offices. The different types of offices were characterized according to self-reported number of occupants in the space. The log-linear Poisson model was used to model the number of self-reported sickness absence days depending on the type of office; the analysis was adjusted for age, gender, socioeconomic status, body mass index, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, and physical activity during leisure time. Results Sickness absence was significantly related to having a greater number of occupants in the office (P6 persons) had 62% more days of sickness absence (RR 1.62, 95% CI 1.30–2.02). Conclusion Occupants sharing an office and occupants in open-plan offices (>6 occupants) had significantly more days of sickness absence than occupants in cellular offices.

Pejtersen, Jan; Feveile, H

2011-01-01

124

Usefulness of post-assessment reports in a paediatric low vision clinic: a questionnaire survey of parents and education professionals.  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey aimed to evaluate how helpful parents and those working in the educational setting found written low vision assessment reports. A questionnaire survey was sent to 25 parents and to the corresponding and relevant member of the educational team for each of the 25 children. All were satisfied with the level of information contained in the report and agreed that the report was easy to understand and that the level of explanations given regarding visual function were clear. The main disparities between parents and teaching professionals were concerning the amount of medical terminology used in the report, with only 7% (n = 1) of those from the educational setting, but 30% (n = 6) of parents feeling there was too much. Adaptations were also more likely to have been implemented in the educational setting [82% (n = 11)] as compared with 62% (n = 16) in the home. Eighty-three per cent (n = 43) of respondents reported that low vision aids were used at either home or school on at least a weekly basis. PMID:18426423

Lennon, Julie; Harper, Robert; Lloyd, Chris; Biswas, Sus

2008-05-01

125

A questionnaire survey of the management and use of anthelmintics in cattle and antelope in mixed farming systems in Zimbabwe  

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Full Text Available A survey of the management of mixed farming of cattle and antelope and use of anthelmintics was conducted on eleven farms between August and December 1999 by a self-administered questionnaire. Seventeen antelope species ranging from grey duikers (Sylvicapra grimmia to eland (Taurotragus oryx occurred on the farms. Impala (Aepyceros melampus was the most abundant antelope on the farms. Seventy-five per cent of the antelope species on the farms were grazers and mixed feeders and shared grazing with cattle. Most farmers (n =8 did not consider the stocking density for cattle and antelope as an important management factor. Fifty-four per cent of the farmers (n = 6 routinely dewormed both cattle and antelopes. Albendazole and fenbendazole were the most commonly used drugs for deworming cattle (72.7 % and antelope species (54.5 %. The deworming of antelope was carried out during the dry season, using albendazole-, fenbendazole-and rafoxanide-medicated supplementary feed blocks. Doramectin injections were given to antelopes on two farms. Cattle were dewormed preventively and according to the general body condition of the animal. Few farmers (n = 4 followed the recommended deworming programme for cattle in Zimbabwe and only one farmer followed a specified dosing programme for game. However, results from the survey on the deworming of game indicate that farmers perceived helminth infections in antelope to be important.

O. Madzingira

2012-07-01

126

Questionnaire survey on urban and peri-urban livestock farming practices and disease control in Kisumu municipality, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english To characterise the urban livestock keeping practices and constraints in Kisumu municipality, Kenya, a questionnaire survey was carried out. Thirty-four contact farmers were interviewed on general farm characteristics and production constraints. The farming activities were categorised as either live [...] stock only (41 %), or mixed crops and livestock (59 %). The surveyed farmers kept mainly cattle (100 %), chickens (82 %) and goats (74 %). Most (94 %) of the farmers had kept livestock for prolonged periods mainly for income generation (97 %) and domestic consumption (59 %). These data show that livestock keeping was popular and could be harnessed to increase food security, although the farmers kept mainly low-producing indigenous cattle (98 %) which were grazed on unutilised land. The main production constraints mentioned by farmers included diseases (100 %), poor fertility (68 %) and lack of feed (56 %). The diseases varied with species of ruminants and included lumpy skin disease (71 %), diarrhoea (65 %) and helminthosis (62 %). The source of advice on management and treatment of the livestock was almost equally from private and government veterinary personnel. To improve livestock productivity, it is recommended that key stakeholders address the constraints mentioned in this study and in particular that the occurrence of diseases should be investigated with a view to developing sustainable control strategies.

J M, Kagira; P W N, Kanyari.

127

Survey: Tribal Colleges Deeply Involved in Research.  

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Describes results of survey distributed to the American Indian Higher Education Consortium's 31 colleges. Findings from the 11 who responded indicate that both faculty and students conduct educational, scientific, and cultural (including local tribal communities) research, using a range of qualitative and quantitative methods. (YKH)

Ambler, Marjane; Crazy Bull, Cheryl

1997-01-01

128

Influence of dentistry students' e-Learning satisfaction: a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dental school graduates operating on patients without having had sufficient practice in school is potentially dangerous to the patients. In order to minimize this danger, it is necessary to establish a virtual learning environment for students. In this study, we incorporated DentSim, a clinical dentistry simulator, into an e-Learning platform. In addition to overcoming the time and space constraints on learning, DentSim can simulate clinical conditions. It also allows students to practice reading case histories and inspecting and diagnosing patients. To construct the research model for this study, we incorporated the four major factors for measuring e-Learner satisfaction-'learner interface', 'learning community', 'content' and 'personalization' with the variable of 'intention to use'. The subjects were 350 dental students studying at the College of Oral Medicine. The structural equation modeling (SEM) results showed that Factors that influenced 'intention to use' include 'learner interface', 'learning community' and 'personalization', and 'intention to use' affect 'e-Learner satisfaction' with the system. PMID:20703759

Chen, Man-Ling; Su, Zhi-Yuan; Wu, Teng-Yen; Shieh, Tien-Yu; Chiang, Chi-Hui

2011-12-01

129

Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explores the psychological, socio-cultural and economic consequences of infertility on couples' life. The purpose of this research is to improve knowledge about the potentially serious implications of infertility in the South of Vietnam. Methods This study included 118 infertile couples who filled in questionnaires and 28 men and women who were interviewed. Results Data of the questionnaire show men and women do not differ in their responses and attitudes towards infertility. Almost one-third of the participants require psychological support. Interviewees experience secrecy, social pressure and economic hardship. Conclusion Offspring are very important to Vietnamese couples. Their future depends on children. Family plays an important role in the experiences of the infertile couple. Economic consequences are a particular distressing factor. There is a need for psychological counselling in the treatment of infertile couples in the South of Vietnam. It should be realised that in developing countries, despite overpopulation, unwanted childlessness is an important social and economical burden that needs attention.

Nhu Nguyen

2006-12-01

130

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12 year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children's soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods: Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain) in 2010 among 10-12 year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit) modelling. Results: Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children's soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents' financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.4159) of children's sports activities. Children's pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034) of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents doid not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions: We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen, JØrgen Dejgård; Bere, Elling

2012-01-01

131

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in Children’s energy balance related behaviours - findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption and correlates of this price sensitivity. Methods Data for the study originate from a cross-sectional survey undertaken in seven European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia and Spain in 2010 among 10-12?year-old school children and their parents. In total, 7234 child questionnaires and 6002 parent questionnaires were completed. The child questionnaire included questions addressing self-reported weekly intake of soft drinks and fruit juices and time spent on sports activities, perception of parental support for sports activities, use of pocket money for soft drinks and perceived price responsiveness. Parent questionnaires included questions addressing the role of budget and price considerations in decisions regarding children’s sports activities, soft drink consumption, home practices and rules and socio-demographic background variables. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression and discrete-choice (ordered probit modelling. Results Economic factors were found to be associated with children’s sports participation and sugary drink consumption, explaining 27% of the variation in time for sports activities, and 27% and 12% of the variation in the children’s soft drink and juice consumption, respectively. Parents’ financial support was found to be an important correlate (Beta =0.419 of children’s sports activities. Children’s pocket money was a strong correlate (Beta =21.034 of soft drink consumption. The majority of the responding children reported to expect that significantly higher prices of soft drinks would lead them to buy less soft drinks with their own pocket money, but a majority of parents did not expect higher soft drink prices to reduce their children’s soft drink consumption. Conclusions We conclude that economic factors, especially parents’ financial support and amount of pocket money, appear to be of importance for children’s sports participation and soft drink consumption, respectively.

Jensen Jørgen

2012-11-01

132

Retraction: Psychometric characteristics of the ankylosing spondylitis quality of life questionnaire, short form 36 health survey, and functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue subscale  

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Full Text Available Abstract Retraction of Revicki DA, Rentz AM, Luo MP, Wong RL, Doward LC, McKenna SP: Psychometric characteristics of the ankylosing spondylitis quality of life questionnaire, short form 36 health survey, and functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue subscale. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2009, 7: 6.

Wong Robert L

2009-04-01

133

Pruritus of patients with atopic dermatitis in daily life and therapeutic effects experienced by them: Results of a web-based questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is important to recognize pruritic occasions/conditions and how their treatment is effective in soothing pruritus in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) to facilitate patient communication and improve patient instructions in a typical clinical setting. For this purpose, we conducted a web-based questionnaire survey. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID:25421804

Takeuchi, S; Oba, J; Esaki, H; Furue, M

2014-11-24

134

Impact on and use of health services by international migrants: questionnaire survey of inner city London A&E attenders  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Changing immigration trends pose new challenges for the UK's open access health service and there is considerable speculation that migrants from resource-poor countries place a disproportionate burden on services. Data are needed to inform provision of services to migrant groups and to ensure their access to appropriate health care. We compared sociodemographic characteristics and impact of migrant groups and UK-born patients presenting to a hospital A&E/Walk-In Centre and prior use of community-based General Practitioner (GP services. Methods We administered an anonymous questionnaire survey of all presenting patients at an A&E/Walk-In Centre at an inner-city London hospital during a 1 month period. Questions related to nationality, immigration status, time in the UK, registration and use of GP services. We compared differences between groups using two-way tables by Chi-Square and Fisher's exact test. We used logistic regression modelling to quantify associations of explanatory variables and outcomes. Results 1611 of 3262 patients completed the survey (response rate 49.4%. 720 (44.7% were overseas born, representing 87 nationalities, of whom 532 (73.9% were new migrants to the UK (?10 years. Overseas born were over-represented in comparison to local estimates (44.7% vs 33.6%; p Conclusion Recently arrived migrants are a diverse and substantial group, of whom migrants from refugee-generating countries and asylum seekers comprise only a minority group. Service reorganisation to ensure improved access to community-based GPs and delivery of more appropriate care may lessen their impact on acute services.

Eliahoo Joseph

2006-11-01

135

Cross-cultural adaptation of a tobacco questionnaire for Punjabi, Cantonese, Urdu and Sylheti speakers: qualitative research for better clinical practice, cessation services and research.  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To develop cross-culturally valid and comparable questionnaires for use in clinical practice, tobacco cessation services and multiethnic surveys on tobacco use. Methods: Key questions in Urdu, Cantonese, Punjabi and Sylheti on tobacco use were compiled from the best existing surveys. Additional items were translated by bilingual coworkers. In one-to-one and group consultations, lay members of the Pakistani, Chinese, Indian Sikh and Bangladeshi communities assessed the appropriatene...

Hanna, L.; Hunt, S.; Bhopal, Raj

2006-01-01

136

Opinions on Dental Erosive Lesions, Knowledge of Diagnosis, and Treatment Strategies among Norwegian Dentists: A Questionnaire Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to investigate dentists' general experience, knowledge about diagnosis, and treatment of dental erosive wear in young adults. A questionnaire was sent to 1262 Norwegian public dental health-employed dentists. The response rate was 60%. Results indicated that most dentists recorded erosive wear, half of them used a specific scoring system, and half registered lesions at the tooth surface level. Lesions were reported most often on palatal surfaces of upper anterior teeth (79% of dentists), on occlusal surfaces of lower 1st molars (74%), and on upper 1st molars (32%). Half the dentists used clinical photographs for documentation and 60% made study models. While 40% reported more erosive lesions in males, 36% reported no gender differences. High intake of carbonated beverages and acidic juices were reported as the most common cause by 97% and 72% of the dentists, respectively. Only 21% of dentists recorded the patient's dietary history, and 73% never measured saliva secretion. The majority (78%) of the dentists treated patients with erosive wear themselves. In general, the survey suggests that the dentists are relatively up to date regarding the clinical recording, diagnosis, and treatment of dental erosive wear. However, dietary and salivary analyses were not given priority, and early, preventive treatment was lacking. PMID:22927855

Mulic, Aida; Vidnes-Kopperud, Simen; Skaare, Anne B; Tveit, Anne Bjørg; Young, Alix

2012-01-01

137

FOCUS-GROUP AND ITS IMPACT IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF MARKETING RESEARCH ON THE ROMANIAN CAR MARKET  

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Full Text Available Designing a questionnaire is the most profound activity which makes an impact on a research in marketing. The investigation instrument finally determines the quality of this type of research. Never will a market research be able to exceed its questionnaire in point of quality. The present contribution succinctly itemizes a research project for the Romanian car market, emphasizing the importance of focus group, and appends, at the end, the concrete result, applied to the Romanian car market. The first part describes the hypotheses and sets out the objectives of the research, focusing on the market leader, i.e. Automobile Dacia Renault. The second section describes the practical process of designing the questionnaire, with a special stress laid on the impact of focus-group in the final version. The synthesis of focus group is materialized through a number of final remarks on the manner of concretely writing the questionnaire, which was put to practical use on the Romanian car market.

MANEA Constantin

2010-12-01

138

Impact on and use of an inner-city London Infectious Diseases Department by international migrants: a questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The UK has witnessed a considerable increase in immigration in the past decade. Migrant may face barriers to accessing appropriate health care on arrival and the current focus on screening certain migrants for tuberculosis on arrival is considered inadequate. We assessed the implications for an inner-city London Infectious Diseases Department in a high migrant area. Methods We administered an anonymous 20-point questionnaire survey to all admitted patients during a 6 week period. Questions related to sociodemographic characteristics and clinical presentation. Analysis was by migration status (UK born vs overseas born. Results 111 of 133 patients completed the survey (response rate 83.4%. 58 (52.2% were born in the UK; 53 (47.7% of the cohort were overseas born. Overseas-born were over-represented in comparison to Census data for this survey site (47.7% vs 33.6%; proportional difference 0.142 [95% CI 0.049–0.235]; p = 0.002: overseas born reported 33 different countries of birth, most (73.6% of whom arrived in the UK pre-1975 and self-reported their nationality as British. A smaller number (26.4% were new migrants to the UK (?10 years, mostly refugees/asylum seekers. Overseas-born patients presented with a broad range and more severe spectrum of infections, differing from the UK-born population, resulting in two deaths in this group only. Presentation with a primary infection was associated with refugee/asylum status (n = 8; OR 6.35 [95% CI 1.28–31.50]; p = 0.023, being a new migrant (12; 10.62 [2.24–50.23]; p = 0.003, and being overseas born (31; 3.69 [1.67–8.18]; p = 0.001. Not having registered with a primary-care physician was associated with being overseas born, being a refugee/asylum seeker, being a new migrant, not having English as a first language, and being in the UK for ?5 years. No significant differences were found between groups in terms of duration of illness prior to presentation or duration of hospitalisation (mean 11.74 days [SD 12.69]. Conclusion Migrants presented with a range of more severe infections, which suggests they face barriers to accessing appropriate health care and screening both on arrival and once settled through primary care services. A more organised and holistic approach to migrant health care is required.

Holmes Alison

2007-07-01

139

Attitude of Physicians towards the Follow-up of Renal Transplant Patients: A Questionnaire Survey in Saudi Arabia  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study was to evaluate the attitude of the physicians towards the follow-up of the renal transplant patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. We sent a questionnaire to 168 physicians working in 148 active dialysis centers in the KSA. The study was conducted from June-October 2005. There were 140 physicians (83.3% who answered the questionnaire; they represented 136 (91.9% dialysis centers. There were 43 (31.2% respondents who had a transplant clinic for follow-up of transplant recipients. Of the 96 (69.1% who did not have a clinic, 29 (30.2% claimed expertise for follow-up of transplant recipients, six (6.2% had a laboratory set-up to monitor the immunosuppressive drug levels and 40 (44.4% felt the need for one. There were 121 (89% respondents who would consider the chronic renal failure (CRF patients for transplantation because it is the best form of therapy. Seventy-seven respondents (55% had a protocol for work-up of the CRF patients for transplantation, 31 (22.3% had a coordinator for the work-up of the transplant candidates, 34 (24.5% had regular meetings to decide on the waiting list for transplantation, and 51 (37.8% had affiliation with, or worked at a transplant center. Nevertheless, 127 (90.7% respondents believed that the results of renal transplantation were good enough to recommend the procedure to all patients as early as possible. There were 133 (97.1% respondents who believed that organ shortage was the major factor for the low percentage of renal transplantation. Only 52 (37.1% respondents knew about the recent regulations established by the World Health Organization (WHO for organ donation. There were 63 (48.1% respondents who believed that seeking commercial renal transplantation outside the KSA to be unacceptable because of the medical and ethical complications involved. Many respondents (71.4% from non-MOH hospitals, and those who had transplant clinics believed that the tacrolimus + mycophenolate combination was the most popular immunosuppressive regimen for renal transplant patients. Our survey suggests that the current practices concerning the work-up and follow-up of transplant patients in the dialysis centers in the KSA require refinement in terms of the need to enforce the use of a protocol to guide evaluation and therapy in each dialysis unit.

Souqiyyeh Muhammad

2006-01-01

140

The use of paediatric artemisinin combinations in sub-Saharan Africa: a snapshot questionnaire survey of health care personnel  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Paediatric drug formulations for artemisinin combination therapy (P-ACT have been developed over the past few years and have been shown to improve the therapeutic management of young children with uncomplicated falciparum malaria. This process was however not equally paralleled by a timely adoption of P-ACT in national and international treatment recommendations. National malaria programmes in sub-Saharan Africa have not yet widely embraced this new therapeutic tool. To which extent P-ACT is used in the field in sub-Saharan Africa is not known to date. Methods This snapshot questionnaire survey aimed to provide an overview on the current routine practices for the availability and use of P-ACT as anti-malarial treatment for young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Health care personnel in seven countries in West-, Central, and East-Africa were invited to answer a structured questionnaire assessing use and availability of P-ACT. Results A total of 71 respondents including doctors, nurses and pharmacy personnel responsible for the anti-malarial treatment of young children were interviewed. P-ACT was used by 83% (95% confidence interval: 73-90%; n = 59 as first-line treatment for young children. Use of 15 different P-ACT products was reported among which only two have received WHO prequalification status and approval by a stringent registration authority. Use of a specific P-ACT product was not linked to consumer prices or availability of supporting clinical trial data, but may depend more on the marketing capacity of the manufacturer. Major differences in frequency and dosing of anti-malarial regimens with identical anti-malarial compounds and the marketing of loose combinations were recorded. Conclusion Paediatric ACT is widely used for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria in young children. However, the majority of P-ACT formulations in use do not meet highest international quality standards evoking concerns for patients' safety and the induction of drug resistance. Improving the quality of currently marketed P-ACT should constitute a public health priority besides their adoption into official treatment recommendations.

Agnandji Selidji T

2011-12-01

141

Reliability of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in Research Settings: Last 7-Day Self-Administered Long Form  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability of the last 7-day long form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Craig et al., 2003) and to examine the construct validity for the measure in a research setting. Participants were 151 male (n = 52) and female (n = 99) university students (M age = 24.15 years, SD = 5.01)…

Levy, Susan S.; Readdy, R. Tucker

2009-01-01

142

Identification of potential participant scientists and development of procedures for a national inventory of selected biological monitoring programs: a mail questionnaire survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Procedural details of how the National Biological Monitoring Inventory was conducted are described. Results of a nationwide telephone campaign to identify principal investigators and also of a nationwide questionnaire mailing to the investigators identified are presented. On the basis of percentage of questionnaire returns (nearly 50 percent), the Inventory was judged to be successful. The communication procedures, guidelines, and formats developed may be useful to others engaged in this type of research

143

The effect of the new GMS contract on GP appointment provision in Wales: postal questionnaire survey of practice managers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Access to health professionals is a key UK NHS priority, and meeting access targets is rewarded through the new General Medical Services (GMS contract in the UK. We sought to determine the current state of appointment provision in Wales and any changes resulting from the need to meet indicators in the new GMS contract. We undertook a postal questionnaire study of practice managers in all general practices in Wales. Findings Valid responses were received from 396/505 (78.4% practice managers. 361 (93.1% practices reported that they had achieved the target for 2004/05. 104 (26% practices reported that they were 100% open access/advanced access. The most frequent changes reported in response to the new GMS contract were offering more open or advanced access slots (237, 60%, more GP phone consultations (167, 42%, introducing a telephone triage system (100, 25%, introducing a minor illness clinic (76, 19%, and employing or training a nurse practitioner (59, 15%. 83% practice managers believed that patients were able to get an appointment at the time they need it either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time', and 70% that patients were able to get an appointment with the GP of choice either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time'. Conclusion This survey has demonstrated the current extent of appointment provision in Wales, and how changes have been driven by incentives. Whether these changes are in the best interests of either patients or doctors, or both, remains to be seen.

Neal Richard D

2008-11-01

144

Questionnaire Survey on the Occurrence of Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst Farmers in Thika District, Kenya  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english A survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst farmers in Thika District, Kenya. Interviews were conducted in a total of 385 households using a structured questionnaire. The water consumed at household level originated from taps (74.3%), ri [...] vers or streams (15.1%), wells (5.4%) and boreholes (5.2%). A number of households (46.8%) consumed water without boiling or applying any form of treatment. All respondents washed vegetables before cooking, whilst 99.0% washed fruits before eating. Boiled milk was preferred by 99.5% of the farmers. The majority (85.2%) consumed beef more often, whilst 1.6% consumed pork. The majority (98.7%) consumed thoroughly cooked meat. Meat was preserved by 17% of farmers. Only four farmers (1.2%) who practised mixed farming used gloves when handling livestock manure. Five farmers (1.6%) reported the occurrence of abortion in ruminants and pigs on their farms within the last two years before the study. Almost half (44.9%) of the households owned cats, which were kept mainly as pets (79.8%) and for deterring rodents (20.2%). The majority of households (91.3%) fed the cats on leftovers, whilst 8.1% fed cats with raw offal. Sixteen households (9.2%) provided housing for cats. Only five households (2.8%) had litter boxes, but none of the households with litter boxes used gloves when cleaning them out. Disposal of cat faeces was done mainly by women (55.5%). Only one farmer (0.3%) had some knowledge about toxoplasmosis, but was not aware of the transmission mechanism. The study highlights the need for public health education to raise awareness of risk factors for toxoplasmosis.

Edwin, Ogendi; Naomi, Maina; John, Kagira; Maina, Ngotho; Gabriel, Mbugua; Simon, Karanja.

145

Opinions on registering trial details: a survey of academic researchers  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO has established a set of items related to study design and administrative information that should build the minimum set of data in a study register. A more comprehensive data set for registration is currently developed by the Ottawa Group. Since nothing is known about the attitudes of academic researchers towards prospective study registration, we surveyed academic researchers about their opinion regarding the registration of study details proposed by the WHO and the Ottawa Group. Methods This was a web-based survey of academic researchers currently running an investigator-initiated clinical study which is registered with clinicaltrials.gov. In July 2006 we contacted 1299 principal investigators of clinical studies by e-mail explaining the purpose of the survey and a link to access a 52-item questionnaire based on the proposed minimum data set by the Ottawa Group. Two reminder e-mails were sent each two weeks apart. Association between willingness to disclose study details and study phase was assessed using the chi-squared test for trend. To explore the potential influence of non-response bias we used logistic regression to assess associations between factors associated with non-response and the willingness to register study details. Results Overall response was low as only 282/1299 (22% principal investigators participated in the survey. Disclosing study documents, in particular the study protocol and financial agreements, was found to be most problematic with only 31% of respondents willing to disclose these publicly. Consequently, only 34/282 (12% agreed to disclose all details proposed by the Ottawa Group. Logistic regression indicated no association between characteristics of non-responders and willingness to disclose details. Conclusion Principal investigators of non-industry sponsored studies are reluctant to disclose all data items proposed by the Ottawa Group. Disclosing the study protocol and financial agreements was found to be most problematic. Future discussions on trial registration should not only focus on industry but also on academic researchers.

Trelle Sven

2008-01-01

146

Women's satisfaction and symptoms following NovaSure endometrial ablation: a postal questionnaire survey in Lothian, Scotland.  

Science.gov (United States)

Impedance-controlled endometrial ablation (NovaSure) is commonly used to treat premenopausal heavy menstrual bleeding in Lothian, Scotland. Using postal questionnaires, we assessed patient satisfaction, treatment success and post-procedure symptoms in a cohort of women who had NovaSure treatment between January 2007 and May 2009. The response rate was 61.2% (115/188): 90.4% (104/115) of women were satisfied and would recommend the procedure; 36.8% (42/114) of women were amenorrhoeic at follow-up (mean = 497 days) and NovaSure significantly improved levels of both menstrual bleeding and pain (p bleeding/spotting within 6 weeks following NovaSure. A total of 13.9% (16/115) required further treatment following NovaSure, including hysterectomy. Patient satisfaction with NovaSure was high. Preoperative counselling needs to include information on character and duration of postoperative symptoms. Future research could compare patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes between NovaSure and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. PMID:24484297

Unger, H W; Megaly, E; Dick, A; Horne, A W; Milne, S; West, C

2014-05-01

147

General practitioners and carers: a questionnaire survey of attitudes, awareness of issues, barriers and enablers to provision of services  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Approximately one in ten of the UK population are unpaid carers supporting a family member or friend who could not manage without their help, saving the UK economy an estimated £87 billion. This role is known to sometimes have a negative impact on carers and to require support both informally and from statutory services. General practice is a first point of contact for carers but research investigating general practitioners' (GPs' attitudes towards carers and awareness of issues facing carers is rare. This study therefore aimed to identify GPs' attitudes, awareness of issues, and perceptions of the barriers and enablers to provision of services. Methods Using a self-completion questionnaire distributed at a series of workshops, this study investigates GPs' attitudes to carers; awareness and knowledge of carers' issues; services offered in general practice and barriers to supporting carers. Results Seventy eight out of a total of 95 GPs (82% response rate from a variety of areas in England completed the questionnaires. The GPs identified time, resources and lack of knowledge as barriers, but only 9% agreed with the statement that there is little support they can offer carers. However, nine in ten GPs (89% feel they have insufficient training here and approximately half of them (47% lack confidence that they are meeting carers' needs. Confidence in identifying carers is also low (45%. Issues that GPs would look out for amongst carers include emotional and physical health problems and financial and isolation difficulties. GPs specifically highlighted educational and isolation issues for young carers. Few services were described that targeted carers. Conclusions GPs recognise that they have an important role to play in supporting carers but would like training and support. Further investigation is needed both to determine how best to train and facilitate GPs and general practice teams in their role in supporting carers and to identify what carers need and want from general practice. Identifying carers' leads or carers' champions amongst practice staff is possibly one way forward. Given the proposed greater commissioning role for primary care, greater understanding here is particularly important.

Atkins Christine

2010-12-01

148

Initiation of breastfeeding within 120 minutes after birth is associated with breastfeeding at four months among Japanese women: A self-administered questionnaire survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The proportion of mothers in Japan who breastfeed exclusively has been low since the 1970s. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the time of first breastfeed after birth and the proportion of mothers fully breastfeeding up to four months postpartum. Methods A survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. The participants were 318 mothers who participated in a physical examination of their four month old infants in Nagasaki City, ...

Moji Kazuhiko; Nakao Yuko; Honda Sumihisa; Oishi Kazuyo

2008-01-01

149

Test-retest reliability of selected items of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey questionnaire in Beijing, China  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Children's health and health behaviour are essential for their development and it is important to obtain abundant and accurate information to understand young people's health and health behaviour. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study is among the first large-scale international surveys on adolescent health through self-report questionnaires. So far, more than 40 countries in Europe and North America have been involved in the HBSC study. The purpose of ...

Liu Yang; Wang Mei; Tynjälä Jorma; Lv Yan; Villberg Jari; Zhang Zhouyang; Kannas Lasse

2010-01-01

150

A questionnaire survey of perceptions and preventive measures related to animal health amongst cattle owners of rural communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa  

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Full Text Available A questionnaire survey of 315 cattle owners from the rural districts of KwaZulu-Natal was carried out. The aim of the survey was to improve our understanding of local farmers' perceptions and practices of animal disease prevention and control and to establish the extent of their relationship with veterinary services. The survey showed that many owners practice preventive measures such as deworming, tick control and vaccination. Traditional medicines were in use by over half the respondents (58.9 %. Diseases are regarded as an important management problem (56.1 %; ticks, worms and diarrhoea dominated the mentioned health problems in cattle. Veterinary services still play an important role and are a frequent source of advice to owners. The findings of the survey and their context are discussed.

B. Gummow

2012-06-01

151

Reasons for and consequences of missed appointments in general practice in the UK: questionnaire survey and prospective review of medical records  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Missed appointments are a common occurrence in primary care in the UK, yet little is known about the reasons for them, or the consequences of missing an appointment. This paper aims to determine the reasons for missed appointments and whether patients who miss an appointment subsequently consult their general practitioner (GP. Secondary aims are to compare psychological morbidity, and the previous appointments with GPs between subjects and a comparison group. Methods Postal questionnaire survey and prospective medical notes review of adult patients missing an appointment and the comparison group who attended appointments over a three week period in seven general practices in West Yorkshire. Results Of the 386 who missed appointments 122 (32% responded. Of the 386 in the comparison group 223 (58% responded, resulting in 23 case-control matched pairs with complete data collection. Over 40% of individuals who missed an appointment and participated said that they forgot the appointment and a quarter said that they tried very hard to cancel the appointment or that it was at an inconvenient time. A fifth reported family commitments or being too ill to attend. Over 90% of the patients who missed an appointment subsequently consulted within three months and of these nearly 60% consulted for the stated problem that was going to be presented in the missed consultation. The odds of missing an appointment decreased with increasing age and were greater among those who had missed at least one appointment in the previous 12 months. However, estimates for comparisons between those who missed appointments and the comparison group were imprecise due to the low response rate. Conclusion Patients who miss appointments tend to cite practice factors and their own forgetfulness as the main reasons for doing so, and most attend within three months of a missed appointment. This study highlights a number of implications for future research. More work needs to be done to engage people who miss appointments into research in a meaningful way.

Lawlor Debbie A

2005-11-01

152

Setting directions for capacity building in primary health care: a survey of a research network  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The South Australian Research Network 'SARNet' aims to build research capacity in primary health care, as part of a national government-funded strategy to integrate research into clinical practice. Internationally, research networks have been a fundamental part of research culture change, and a variety of network models exist. The 'SARNet' model uses a whole system, multidisciplinary approach to capacity building and supports individuals and groups. We undertook a descriptive baseline survey in order to understand the background and needs of SARNet members and to tailor network activities towards those needs. Methods A questionnaire survey, assessing members' professional background, research experience, and interest in research development and training, was sent to all members who joined the network in its first year. The visual 'research spider' tool was used to ascertain members' experience in ten core research skills, as well as their interest in developing these skills. Individuals were asked to classify themselves into one of four categories of researchers, based on previous research experience. These self-assessment categories ranged from non-participant to academic. Results Network membership was diverse. Of the 89 survey participants, 55% were general practitioners or allied health professionals. Overall, most survey respondents indicated little to moderate experience in 7 out of the 10 skills depicted in the 'research spider'. In comparison, respondents were generally highly interested in developing their research skills in all areas. Respondents' research skills correlated significantly with their self-assessed category of research participation (Spearman rank correlation, r = 0.82, p Conclusion Literature describing evaluation of the impact of networks is scarce. Our survey questionnaire could provide a useful instrument for evaluation of both networks and capacity building initiatives. The survey including the 'research spider' tool provided valuable information about members' needs and interest in strategies to develop their research skills. Initial needs analyses as well as on-going evaluation of network activities are important to include into the business plans of research networks, in order to ensure the network's effectiveness and support of its membership.

Weston Kathryn M

2006-02-01

153

Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases), we performed reliabilit...

Büssing A; Girke M; Heckmann C; Schad F; Ostermann T; Kröz M

2009-01-01

154

Current status of postoperative follow-up for lung cancer in Japan. Questionnaire survey by the Setouchi Lung Cancer Study Group-A0901  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is no recommended standard follow-up program after resection for lung cancer. Under these circumstances, each doctor establishes his or her own follow-up protocol. This questionnaire survey was conducted to grasp the current status of postoperative follow-up in Japan. The questionnaire survey was aimed at determining what examinations were performed and at what frequencies in the setting of postoperative follow-up. Based on these results, examinations performed at a frequency of >50% and the time points after resection at which they were performed were selected and presented as components of an average follow-up program. Questionnaires were sent to 44 institutions, and 26 doctors responded to the questionnaire. All 26 of the doctors performed physical examinations, blood examinations, chest radiography, and computed tomography (CT) routinely, but their frequencies varied widely among the doctors. The average frequencies of the follow-up examinations as judged from this survey are as follows: Physical and blood examinations are performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and twice a year during the next 2 years. CT is scheduled at 6 and 12 months after resection and is repeated annually thereafter. Chest radiography is performed three to four times a year for the first 3 years and once a year thereafter, between the CT examinations. The follow-up programs used in clinical practice vary widely among institutions and doctors in terms of the types of ions and doctors in terms of the types of examination performed and the frequencies at which they are performed. (author)

155

Reliability of the modified child and adolescent physical activity and nutrition survey, physical activity (CAPANS-PA questionnaire among chinese-australian youth  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence suggests that differences exist in physical activity (PA participation among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD children and adolescents. It is possible that these differences could be influenced by variations in measurement technique and instrument reliability. However, culturally sensitive instruments for examining PA behaviour among CALD populations are lacking. This study tested the reliability of the Child and Adolescent Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (CAPANS-PA recall questionnaire among a sample of Chinese-Australian youth. Methods The psychometric property of the CAPANS-PA questionnaire was examined among a sample of 77 Chinese-Australian youth (aged 11 - 14 y who completed the questionnaire twice within 7 days. Test-retest reliability of individual items and scales within the CAPANS-PA questionnaire was determined using Kappa statistics for categorical variables and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC for continuous variables. Results The CAPANS-PA questionnaire demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability for frequency and duration of time spent in weekly Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA (ICC ? 0.70 for all participants. Test-retest reliability for time spent in weekly sedentary activities was acceptable for females (ICC = 0.82 and males (ICC = 0.72. Conclusions The results suggest the CAPANS-PA questionnaire provides reliable estimates for type, frequency and duration of MVPA participation among Chinese-Australian youth. Further investigation into the reliability of the sedentary items within the CAPANS-PA is required before these items can be used with confidence. This study is novel in that the reliability of instruments among CALD groups nationally and internationally remains sparse and this study contributes to the wider body of available psychometrically tested instruments. In addition, this study is the first to our knowledge to successfully engage and investigate the basic health enhancing behaviours of Chinese-Australian adolescents.

Ridley Kate

2011-08-01

156

Self-Report Data in Cross-Cultural Research: Issues of Construct Validity in Questionnaires for Quantitative Research in Educational Leadership  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines issues arising from the use of self-report questionnaires in cross-cultural contexts. The research draws from the extensive literature on cross-cultural leadership in business organizational culture as well as from educational cross-cultural contexts. It examines claims, drawn from business and educational contexts, that many…

Thomas, Andrew

2007-01-01

157

Evidence-informed health policy 2 – Survey of organizations that support the use of research evidence  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous surveys of organizations that support the development of evidence-informed health policies have focused on organizations that produce clinical practice guidelines (CPGs or undertake health technology assessments (HTAs. Only rarely have surveys focused at least in part on units that directly support the use of research evidence in developing health policy on an international, national, and state or provincial level (i.e., government support units, or GSUs that are in some way successful or innovative or that support the use of research evidence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs. Methods We drew on many people and organizations around the world, including our project reference group, to generate a list of organizations to survey. We modified a questionnaire that had been developed originally by the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation in Europe (AGREE collaboration and adapted one version of the questionnaire for organizations producing CPGs and HTAs, and another for GSUs. We sent the questionnaire by email to 176 organizations and followed up periodically with non-responders by email and telephone. Results We received completed questionnaires from 152 (86% organizations. More than one-half of the organizations (and particularly HTA agencies reported that examples from other countries were helpful in establishing their organization. A higher proportion of GSUs than CPG- or HTA-producing organizations involved target users in the selection of topics or the services undertaken. Most organizations have few (five or fewer full-time equivalent (FTE staff. More than four-fifths of organizations reported providing panels with or using systematic reviews. GSUs tended to use a wide variety of explicit valuation processes for the research evidence, but none with the frequency that organizations producing CPGs, HTAs, or both prioritized evidence by its quality. Between one-half and two-thirds of organizations do not collect data systematically about uptake, and roughly the same proportions do not systematically evaluate their usefulness or impact in other ways. Conclusion The findings from our survey, the most broadly based of its kind, both extend or clarify the applicability of the messages arising from previous surveys and related documentary analyses, such as how the 'principles of evidence-based medicine dominate current guideline programs' and the importance of collaborating with other organizations. The survey also provides a description of the history, structure, processes, outputs, and perceived strengths and weaknesses of existing organizations from which those establishing or leading similar organizations can draw.

Oxman Andrew D

2008-12-01

158

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1998  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1998; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

159

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1997  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1997; `a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies`, `survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations`, `works in radioactive data center`, `fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey`, `workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring` and `survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure`. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1998-12-01

160

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1997  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1997; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

161

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1996  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1996; `a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies`, `survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations`, `works in radioactive data center`, `fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey`, `workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring` and `survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure`. (M.N.)

NONE

1997-12-01

162

Ethical issues in pharmacologic research in women undergoing pregnancy termination: a systemic review and survey of researchers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To evaluate the ethics of performing research in the field of maternal-fetal medicine involving women undergoing pregnancy termination. Methods. We identified published pharmacological studies performed during elective pregnancy termination. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to investigate whether this research would be acceptable to professionals performing research in the field of maternal-fetal pharmacology. Results. The majority of participants believe that this form of research is necessary to furthering our understanding of drug use in pregnancy. Twenty studies were identified in women undergoing a pregnancy termination where exogenous drug was administered and drug measurement conducted during an abortion. The majority of studies were completed by international groups and not in North America or Western Europe. Conclusions. While a majority of respondents to the survey felt that, although research in women undergoing a pregnancy termination is ethically acceptable, 40% stated that it is not likely to be approved by institutional review boards of most North American medical institutions. PMID:22190958

Gedeon, Christelle; Nava-Ocampo, Alejandro A; Koren, Gideon

2012-01-01

163

Monitoring ecosystems using research surveys; maximizing information and minimizing cost  

OpenAIRE

Indices or estimates of abundance generated by research vessel surveys are becoming ever more important for assessing marine resources. Most often survey abundance indices are used in conjunction with commercial catch data to estimate fishing mortalities and stock size. However, for short-lived species (e.g. capelin) survey indices provide the only reliable information on stock development and even for long-lived species (e.g. cod), it has been shown that calibrated survey estimates tracked r...

Nakken, Odd; Pennington, Michael

2002-01-01

164

Questionnaire-based survey on the distribution and incidence of canine babesiosis in countries of Western Europe  

OpenAIRE

The incidence of canine babesiosis may vary considerably from one country to another depending on the distribution of the causative parasite species and their specific vectors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical occurrence of canine babesiosis diagnosed in European veterinary clinics and propose an updated map of the disease distribution in Western Europe. Questionnaires were sent to companion animal veterinary clinics in Spain, France, Benelux, Germany and Austria. The...

Halos, Le?nai?g; Lebert, Isabelle; Abrial, David; Danlois, Fabien; Garzik, Karin; Rodes, Daniel; Schillmeier, Monika; Ducrot, Christian; Guillot, Jacques

2014-01-01

165

Opinions on Dental Erosive Lesions, Knowledge of Diagnosis, and Treatment Strategies among Norwegian Dentists: A Questionnaire Survey  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed to investigate dentists' general experience, knowledge about diagnosis, and treatment of dental erosive wear in young adults. A questionnaire was sent to 1262 Norwegian public dental health-employed dentists. The response rate was 60%. Results indicated that most dentists recorded erosive wear, half of them used a specific scoring system, and half registered lesions at the tooth surface level. Lesions were reported most often on palatal surfaces of upper anterior teeth (79% o...

Aida Mulic; Simen Vidnes-Kopperud; Skaare, Anne B.; Anne Bjørg Tveit; Alix Young

2012-01-01

166

Who Sends the Email? Using Electronic Surveys in Violence Research  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Students aged 16–24 years are at greatest risk for interpersonal violence and the resulting short and long-term health consequences. Electronic survey methodology is well suited for research related to interpersonal violence. Yet methodological questions remain about best practices in using electronic surveys. While researchers often indicate that potential participants receive multiple emails as reminders to complete the survey, little mention is made of the sender of the rec...

Sutherland, Melissa A.; Amar, Angela F.; Kathryn Laughon

2013-01-01

167

Innovative use of a standardized debriefing guide to assist in the development of a research questionnaire with low literacy demands.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prevalence and impact of low literacy has resulted in greater attention to developing written materials at lower reading levels for both patient education and research. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate how well a research questionnaire about self-management preferences, intentionally developed as a tool for individuals with low literacy skills, performed. The investigators created a standardized debriefing guide to evaluate comprehension and ease of instrument completion to accompany the administration of the Conventional and Alternative Management for Asthma (CAMA) instrument. The use of a standardized debriefing guide following cognitive interviewing techniques, allowed for the identification of problematic words, unclear meanings and confusion over scaling despite a deliberate attempt to develop a tool with low literacy demands. Such approaches might be considered critically important to insure the accuracy of patient-reported outcomes when self-administered tools are used to collect research and clinical data. PMID:23332203

George, Maureen; Pinilla, Ruth; Abboud, Sarah; Shea, Judy A; Rand, Cynthia

2013-08-01

168

Hot topics for watermelon research: A survey of the industry  

Science.gov (United States)

It is critical for public researchers to address the needs of the industry with which they cooperate. While most active researchers believe that they are serving the needs of the industry, an occasional survey can be a useful tool to monitor and prioritize those needs. A survey was compiled after ...

169

Randomised controlled comparison of the Health Survey Short Form (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS in telephone interviews versus self-administered questionnaires. Are the results equivalent?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The most commonly used survey methods are self-administered questionnaires, telephone interviews, and a mixture of both. But until now evidence out of randomised controlled trials as to whether patient responses differ depending on the survey mode is lacking. Therefore this study assessed whether patient responses to surveys depend on the mode of survey administration. The comparison was between mailed, self-administered questionnaires and telephone interviews. Methods A four-armed, randomised controlled two-period change-over design. Each patient responded to the same survey twice, once in written form and once by telephone interview, separated by at least a fortnight. The study was conducted in 2003/2004 in Germany. 1087 patients taking part in the German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC cohort study, who agreed to participate in a survey after completing acupuncture treatment from an acupuncture-certified family physician for headache, were randomised. Of these, 823 (664 women from the ages of 18 to 83 (mean 51.7 completed both parts of the study. The main outcome measure was the comparison of the scores on the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12 and the Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS questionnaire for the two survey modes. Results Computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI resulted in significantly fewer missing data (0.5% than did mailed questionnaires (2.8%; p Conclusion Despite the comparatively high cost of telephone interviews, they offer clear advantages over mailed self-administered questionnaires as regards completeness of data. Only items concerning mental status were dependent on the survey mode and sequence of administration. Items on physical status were not affected. Normative data for standardized telephone questionnaires could contribute to a better comparability with the results of the corresponding standardized paper questionnaires.

Trampisch Hans J

2007-11-01

170

Academic Achievement Survey and Educational Assessment Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The recent "Nationwide academic achievement and study situation survey" was clearly influenced by the idea of "authentic assessment", an educational assessment perspective focused on "quality" and "engagement". However, when "performance assessment", the assessment method corresponding to this focus, is adopted in academic achievement surveys, it…

Tanaka, Koji

2009-01-01

171

Ohio Opportunities Survey. Final Research Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

This survey was designed to investigate key Ohio private and public sector leaders' views regarding economic development and the role of higher education. It surveyed public and private sector leaders in the major metropolitan areas of the state, namely Cleveland, Columbus, and Cincinnati and their environs, known as the "Three Cs," as well as the…

Buehrer, Richard E.; And Others

172

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2) questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD), Brazil, 2008  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,0...

Vasconcellos Miguel M; Anjos Luiz A.; Najar Alberto L; Campos Monica R; Travassos Claudia M; Laguardia Josué

2011-01-01

173

Test-retest reliability of selected items of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC survey questionnaire in Beijing, China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Children's health and health behaviour are essential for their development and it is important to obtain abundant and accurate information to understand young people's health and health behaviour. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC study is among the first large-scale international surveys on adolescent health through self-report questionnaires. So far, more than 40 countries in Europe and North America have been involved in the HBSC study. The purpose of this study is to assess the test-retest reliability of selected items in the Chinese version of the HBSC survey questionnaire in a sample of adolescents in Beijing, China. Methods A sample of 95 male and female students aged 11 or 15 years old participated in a test and retest with a three weeks interval. Student Identity numbers of respondents were utilized to permit matching of test-retest questionnaires. 23 items concerning physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep and substance use were evaluated by using the percentage of response shifts and the single measure Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC with 95% confidence interval (CI for all respondents and stratified by gender and age. Items on substance use were only evaluated for school children aged 15 years old. Results The percentage of no response shift between test and retest varied from 32% for the item on computer use at weekends to 92% for the three items on smoking. Of all the 23 items evaluated, 6 items (26% showed a moderate reliability, 12 items (52% displayed a substantial reliability and 4 items (17% indicated almost perfect reliability. No gender and age group difference of the test-retest reliability was found except for a few items on sedentary behaviour. Conclusions The overall findings of this study suggest that most selected indicators in the HBSC survey questionnaire have satisfactory test-retest reliability for the students in Beijing. Further test-retest studies in a large and diverse sample, as well as validity studies, should be considered for the future Chinese HBSC study.

Liu Yang

2010-08-01

174

Videofluoroscopic assessment of dysphagia: A questionnaire survey of protocols, roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Videofluoroscopy (VF) is the 'gold standard' assessment for oropharyngeal dysphagia and radiographers are beginning to direct this examination independently, yet little is known about the roles and responsibilities of the core professions of radiology and speech and language therapy and their practice in this examination. Aim: To evaluate VF practice and identify the roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to speech and language therapists (SALT) and radiologists via national special interest networks. Information regarding protocols, test materials, supervision, radiation protection and training was obtained. Results: One hundred and thirteen questionnaires were completed, 83% of respondents had more than 5 years service. Most were carrying out VF on an 'ad hoc' basis with only 32% participating in more than 6 assessments per month. There was no consensus on protocol and 41% chose to thicken barium solutions by adding more barium sulphate powder, potentially predisposing patients to complications. Over 50% of SALTs had received one day post-graduate training in VF, whereas, only one radiologist had specific VF training. Conclusion: Despite its importance in determining the feeding route for patients, VF is carried out infrequently by most clinicians and protocols vary widely. Moreover, intra- and inter-disciplinary training and supervision is minimal. More work is needed to develop standard guidelines, to improve the quality of the examination and its reproducibility.

Power, Maxine [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mpower@fs1.ho.man.ac.uk; Laasch, Hans-Ulrich [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Kasthuri, Ram S. [Academic Department of GI-Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester (United Kingdom); Nicholson, David A. [Radiology, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom); Hamdy, Shaheen [Section of Gastrointestinal Science, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Manchester (United Kingdom)

2006-02-15

175

Videofluoroscopic assessment of dysphagia: A questionnaire survey of protocols, roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Videofluoroscopy (VF) is the 'gold standard' assessment for oropharyngeal dysphagia and radiographers are beginning to direct this examination independently, yet little is known about the roles and responsibilities of the core professions of radiology and speech and language therapy and their practice in this examination. Aim: To evaluate VF practice and identify the roles and responsibilities of radiology and speech and language therapy personnel. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to speech and language therapists (SALT) and radiologists via national special interest networks. Information regarding protocols, test materials, supervision, radiation protection and training was obtained. Results: One hundred and thirteen questionnaires were completed, 83% of respondents had more than 5 years service. Most were carrying out VF on an 'ad hoc' basis with only 32% participating in more than 6 assessments per month. There was no consensus on protocol and 41% chose to thicken barium solutions by adding more barium sulphate powder, potentially predisposing patients to complications. Over 50% of SALTs had received one day post-graduate training in VF, whereas, only one radiologist had specific VF training. Conclusion: Despite its importance in determining the feeding route for patients, VF is carried out infrequently by most clinicians and protocols vary widely. Moreover, intra- and inter-disciplinary training and supervision is minimal. More training and supervision is minimal. More work is needed to develop standard guidelines, to improve the quality of the examination and its reproducibility

176

A Survey of Venture Capital Research  

OpenAIRE

This survey reviews the growing body of academic work on venture capital. It lays out the major data sources used. It examines the work on venture capital investments in companies, looking at issues of selection, contracting, post-investment services and exits. The survey considers recent work on organizational structures of venture capital firms, and the relationship between general and limited partners. It discusses the work on the returns to venture capital investments. It also examines pu...

Da Rin, M.; Hellmann, T.; Puri, M. L.

2011-01-01

177

Safety Culture Assessment Programme. Statistical Analysis of a Survey Conducted at the IEA-R1 Brazilian Research Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper describes the statistical analysis of a survey conducted in September 2002 among the employees of the IEA-R1 Brazilian research reactor to evaluate the current status of the safety culture in this organization. A questionnaire was prepared consisting mainly of statements about safety issues. A total of 34 individuals participated in the survey representing the personnel of the Operation and Maintenance Division, the Irradiation Service Division, as well as the technicians in the Radiation Protection Division. The statistical analysis of the survey was developed into three principal steps. In the first step, descriptive techniques were used to estimate the parameters of the sampling distribution of the responses to each question of the questionnaire. In the second step, the aspects of safety culture to be investigated were defined by grouping these questions into issue areas. The final step of the analysis consisted of the calculation of the employees' satisfaction level regarding the safety culture aspects previously mentioned. (author)

178

Self-administered food frequency questionnaire used in the 5-year follow-up survey of the JPHC Study: questionnaire structure, computation algorithms, and area-based mean intake.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this section we described the structure of the self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire used in the 5-year follow-up survey of the JPHC study, the computation algorithms, and the area-based mean intakes of nutrients and food groups in the subjects of the validation study. The FFQ consists of five sections: 1) semiquantitative frequency questions for rice and miso (fermented soybean paste)-soup, 2) those for alcoholic beverages, 3) those for vitamin supplements, 4) those for foods and beverages, and 5) questions on dietary and cooking behaviors. From the questions, intakes of nutrients and foods by food groups were computed. Although most of them were computed from the frequency and relative portion size indicated in the replies, together with the fixed portion size, a seasonal coefficient was added in the computation of vegetables and fruits. Only frequency of intake and fixed portion size were used for computation of beverages. Sugar and cream added in coffee and tea were computed from the frequency of coffee and tea intake. The intakes of cooking oil, cooking salt (sodium), and salt in noodle-soup were estimated from the questions of relative preference of oil, salt, and noodle-soup. PMID:12701629

Sasaki, Satoshi; Kobayashi, Minatsu; Ishihara, Junko; Tsugane, Shoichiro

2003-01-01

179

A comparison of the workload of rural and urban primary care physicians in Germany: analysis of a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many western countries are facing an existing or imminent shortage of primary care physicians especially in rural areas. In Germany, working in rural areas is often thought to be associated with more working hours, a higher number of patients and a lower income than working in urban areas. These perceptions might be key reasons for the shortage. The aim of this analysis was to explore if working time, number of treated patients per week or proportion of privately insured patients vary between rural and urban areas in Germany using two different definitions of rurality within a sample of primary care physicians including general practitioners, general internists and paediatricians. Methods This is a secondary analysis of pre-collected data raised by a questionnaire that was sent to a representative random sample of 1500 primary care physicians chosen by data of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians from all federal states in Germany. We employed two different methods of defining rurality; firstly, level of rurality as rated by physicians themselves (urban area, small town, rural area; secondly, rurality defined according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Results This analysis was based upon questionnaire data from 715 physicians. Primary care physicians in single-handed practices in rural areas worked on average four hours more per week than their urban counterparts (p Conclusion Overall this analysis identified few differences between urban and rural primary care physician working conditions. To counter future misdistribution of primary care, students should receive practical experience in rural areas to get more practical knowledge on working conditions.

Szecsenyi Joachim

2011-10-01

180

Survey of research libraries on aggregation of digital content  

OpenAIRE

This presentation summarises the results of a survey of Europe’s research libraries concerning their opportunities for and attitudes to digital content aggregation, specifically by aggregation services capable of feeding Europeana. The survey was carried out as Task 3.4 of the EuropeanaTravel Project. The survey was prepared with input from Europeana, LIBER and the EuropeanaTravel management team. The intentions were to provide a snapshot of aggregation attitudes and activity ac...

Sadler, K.

2010-01-01

181

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

182

Who Sends the Email? Using Electronic Surveys in Violence Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Students aged 16–24 years are at greatest risk for interpersonal violence and the resulting short and long-term health consequences. Electronic survey methodology is well suited for research related to interpersonal violence. Yet methodological questions remain about best practices in using electronic surveys. While researchers often indicate that potential participants receive multiple emails as reminders to complete the survey, little mention is made of the sender of the recruitment email. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the response rates from three violence-focused research studies when the recruitment emails are sent from a campus office, researcher or survey sampling firm. Methods: Three violence-focused studies were conducted about interpersonal violence among college students in the United States. Seven universities and a survey sampling firm were used to recruit potential participants to complete an electronic survey. The sender of the recruitment emails varied within and across the each of the studies depending on institutional review boards and university protocols.Results: An overall response rate of 30% was noted for the 3 studies. Universities in which researcher initiated recruitment emails were used had higher response rates compared to universities where campus officials sent the recruitment emails. Researchers found lower response rates to electronic surveys at Historically Black Colleges or Universities and that other methods were needed to improve response rates.Conclusion: The sender of recruitment emails for electronic surveys may be an important factor in response rates for violence-focused research. For researchers identification of best practices for survey methodology is needed to promote accurate disclosure and increase response rates. [West J Emerg Med. 2013;14(4:363–369.

Melissa A Sutherland

2013-08-01

183

The use of theory based semistructured elicitation questionnaires: formative research for CDC's Prevention Marketing Initiative.  

OpenAIRE

Through one of its many HIV prevention programs, the Prevention Marketing Initiative, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention promotes a multifaceted strategy for preventing the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS among people less than 25 years of age. The Prevention Marketing Initiative is an application of marketing and consumer-oriented technologies that rely heavily on behavioral research and behavior change theories to bring the behavioral and social sciences to bear on practical pro...

Middlestadt, S. E.; Bhattacharyya, K.; Rosenbaum, J.; Fishbein, M.; Shepherd, M.

1996-01-01

184

Questionnaire based survey of general population to assess their views about disclosure of cancer diagnosis and review of literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To ascertain people's views regarding disclosure of cancer diagnosis and whether they would like to share this information with their family. The study also looked at whether if their parents were diagnosed to be suffering from cancer, would they like this information to be communicated to them. Results: The total number of persons surveyed were 520. Fifteen persons refused to participate in the survey, hence they were excluded and 505 respondents 299 male and 206 female were analyzed. Ages of the respondents were between 18 to 80 years. The study population belonged to different socio-economic groups in the society. Three hundred ninety-one (77.4%) responded positively that they would like to know if they ever suffer from cancer, while 112 (22.1%) said No and 2 (0.39%) said it doesn't matter. Three hundred seventeen (62.7%) wanted their family to be informed while 187 (37.%) said No and the attitude of 1 (0.19%) was Indifferent. One hundred seventy (33.6% responded positively that if their parents were diagnosed to be suffering from cancer they should be told about it, whereas 334 (66.1%) did not wish their parents to be informed and 1 (0.19%) was indecisive. All those who were indifferent were elderly, above the age of seventy yeas. Majority 326 (82.6%) who wanted to know the cancer diagnoses were literate and interestingly 57 (50.8%) who didn't wish to be informed were also literate. Conclusions: Most of the people in the survey 391 (77.4%) wanted to nowle in the survey 391 (77.4%) wanted to now the diagnosis, if they ever suffered from cancer. Again 317 (62.7%) wished this to be disclosed to their family. Only a small percentage 170 (33.6%), wanted to tell the bad news of cancer diagnosis to their parents if they ever suffered. (author)

185

Involvement of consumers in studies run by the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit: Results of a survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background We aimed to establish levels of consumer involvement in randomised controlled trials (RCTs, meta-analyses and other studies carried out by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC Clinical Trials Unit across the range of research programs, predominantly in cancer and HIV. Methods Staff responsible for studies that were included in a Unit Progress Report (MRC CTU, April 2009 were asked to complete a semi-structured questionnaire survey regarding consumer involvement. This was defined as active involvement of consumers as partners in the research process and not as subjects of that research. The electronic questionnaires combined open and closed questions, intended to capture quantitative and qualitative information on whether studies had involved consumers; types of activities undertaken; recruitment and support; advantages and disadvantages of involvement and its perceived impact on aspects of the research. Results Between October 2009 and April 2010, 138 completed questionnaires (86% were returned. Studies had been conducted over a 20 year period from 1989, and around half were in cancer; 30% in HIV and 20% were in other disease areas including arthritis, tuberculosis and blood transfusion medicine. Forty-three studies (31% had some consumer involvement, most commonly as members of trial management groups (TMG [88%]. A number of positive impacts on both the research and the researcher were identified. Researchers generally felt involvement was worthwhile and some felt that consumer involvement had improved the credibility of the research. Benefits in design and quality, trial recruitment, dissemination and decision making were also perceived. Researchers felt they learned from consumer involvement, albeit that there were some barriers. Conclusions Whilst most researchers identified benefits of involving consumers, most of studies included in the survey had no involvement. Information from this survey will inform the development of a unit policy on consumer involvement, to guide future research conducted within the MRC Clinical Trials Unit and beyond.

Vale Claire L

2012-01-01

186

Developing a survey instrument to assess the readiness of primary care data, genetic and disease registries to conduct linked research: TRANSFoRm International Research Readiness (TIRRE survey instrument  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Clinical data are collected for routine care in family practice; there are also a growing number of genetic and cancer registry data repositories. The Translational Research and Patient Safety in Europe (TRANSFoRm project seeks to facilitate research using linked data from more than one source. We performed a requirements analysis which identified a wide range of data and business process requirements that need to be met before linking primary care and either genetic or disease registry data.Objectives To develop a survey to assess the readiness of data repositories to participate in linked research – the Transform International Research Readiness (TIRRE survey.Method We develop the questionnaire based on our requirement analysis; with questions at micro-, meso- and macro levels of granularity, study-specific questions about diabetes and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD, and research track record. The scope of the data required was extensive. We piloted this instrument, conducting ten preliminary telephone interviews to evaluate the response to the questionnaire.Results Using feedback gained from these interviews we revised the questionnaire; clarifying questions that were difficult to answer and utilising skip logic to create different series of questions for the various types of data repository. We simplified the questionnaire replacing free-text responses with yes/no or picking list options, wherever possible. We placed the final questionnaire online and encouraged its use (www.clininf.eu/jointirre/info.html.Conclusion Limited field testing suggests that TIRRE is capable of collecting comprehensive and relevant data about the suitability and readiness of data repositories to participate in linked data research.

Emily Leppenwell

2013-05-01

187

Survey of Research on Financial Sector Modeling within DSGE Models  

OpenAIRE

This survey gives insight into the ongoing research in ?nancial frictions modeling. The recent ?nancial turmoil has fueled interest in operationalizing ?nancial frictions concepts and introducing them into tools for policy makers. The rapid growth of the literature on these issues is the motivation for our review of the presented approaches. The empirical facts that motivate the inclusion of ?nancial frictions are surveyed.

Bra?zdik, Frantis?ek; Hlava?c?ek, Michal; Mars?a?l, Ales?

2011-01-01

188

Using the Internet for Surveys and Health Research  

OpenAIRE

This paper concerns the use of the Internet in the research process, from identifying research issues through qualitative research, through using the Web for surveys and clinical trials, to pre-publishing and publishing research results. Material published on the Internet may be a valuable resource for researchers desiring to understand people and the social and cultural contexts within which they live outside of experimental settings, with due emphasis on the interpretations, experiences, an...

Eysenbach, Gunther; Wyatt, Jeremy

2002-01-01

189

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1987  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

National Institute of Radiological Sciences has carried out continuously since 1959 the survey and research on the environmental radioactivity level due to the radioactive fallouts accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from atomic energy facilities, as a part of the radioactivity survey and research performed by Science and Technology Agency. Now, accompanying the remarkable development of the peaceful utilization of atomic energy, the interest of people in environmental radioactivity has become high. Accordingly, the safety research in atomic energy utilization is strongly demanded, and the survey and research on radioactivity that is the base of the effect to environment and people become more important. In fiscal year 1987, the budget of more than 147 million yen was appropriated, and the survey of radioactivity level and dose in environment, foods and human bodies, the survey of level around atomic energy facilities, the business of the radioactivity data center, the basic investigation concerning the evaluation of the results of radioactivity survey, the training of technicians of environmental radiation monitoring and the survey and research on the measurement of and countermeasures to emergency exposure were carried out. These results are reported. (K.I.)

190

BRIEF ANALYSIS OF A SURVEY ON THE CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY DRINKS IN ITALY  

OpenAIRE

The methodology followed to conduct the survey was quantitative and random. To conduct the survey research was conducted on motivational revelations through a methodology that refers to the survey done by questionnaire. Preliminary members of the research team have defined and developed the research hypotheses, identified the survey questions and put together the questionnaire to be administered to the sample of consumers. The compiling of the questionnaire has led to questions on the definit...

Lanfranchi, Maurizio; Giannetto, Carlo; Pirnea, Ionela-carmen

2012-01-01

191

Validation of Portuguese version of Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ) and comparison to International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and RAND 36-Item Health Survey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Purpose To validate the Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ) considering Brazilian social-cultural aspects. Materials and Methods To determine equivalence between the Portuguese and the English QEQ versions, the Portuguese version was back-translated by two professors who are native English spea [...] kers. After language equivalence had been determined, urologists considered the QEQ Portuguese version suitable. Men with self-reported erectile dysfunction (ED) and infertile men who had a stable sexual relationship for at least 6 months were invited to answer the QEQ, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the RAND 36-Item Health Survey (RAND-36). The questionnaires were presented together and answered without help in a private room. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s ?), test-retest reliability (Spearman), convergent validity (Spearman correlation) coefficients and known-groups validity (the ability of the QEQ Portuguese version to differentiate erectile dysfunction severity groups) were assessed. Results We recruited 197 men (167 ED patients and 30 non-ED patients), mean age of 53.3 and median of 55.5 years (23-82 years). The Portuguese version of the QEQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach ?=0.93), high stability between test and retest (ICC 0.83, with IC 95%: 0.76-0.88, p

Ana Luiza, Reis; Leonardo Oliveira, Reis; Ricardo Destro, Saade; Carlos Alberto, Santos Jr.; Marcelo Lopes de, Lima; Adriano, Fregonesi.

2015-02-01

192

Study on team evaluation (4). Reliability and validity of questionnaire survey-based team work evaluation method of power plant operator team  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The series of this study describes the necessity of the evaluation of team work from two aspects of operator's behavior and operators' mind. The authors propose Team Work Element Model which consists of necessary elements to build high performance team. This report discusses a method to evaluate team work from the second aspect, that is, competency trust, competition, for-the team spirit, etc. The authors survey the previous studies on psychological measures and organize a set of questions to evaluate 10 team work sub elements that are the parts of Team Work Element Model. The factor analysis shows that this set of questions is consists of 13 factors such as task-oriented leadership, harmony-oriented team atmosphere, etc. Close examination of the questions in each factor shows that 8 of 10 team work sub elements can be evaluated by this questionnaire. In addition, this questionnaire comprises scales additional 8 scales such as job satisfaction, leadership, etc. As a result, it is possible to evaluate team work from more comprehensive view points. (author)

193

Questionnaire survey of SPECT studies after the supply shortage of Tc-99m and model analysis concerning earnings and expenditure of generator use  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate decrease in SPECT studies and its causes after the cessation of long supply shortage of 99Mo/99mTc generators. Of the replies by the chief nuclear medicine technologists, no necessity for 99Mo/99mTc generator use or for domestic supply of 99mTc unexpectedly accounted for 25% and 46%, respectively. Generator use leads to an additional profit by 8654 yen per patient, compared to purchase of commercially available 99mTc-labeled kits. It is essential to install a 99Mo/99mTc generator to perform emergency SPECT studies, increase a profit in hospital management, reduction of financial issues in patients, and pediatric studies. This adverse circumstance, however, may provide a good opportunity to instruct nuclear medicine specialists to be aware of the importance mentioned above in medical meetings. (author)

194

Technology acceptance for an Intelligent Comprehensive Interactive Care (ICIC) system for care of the elderly: a survey-questionnaire study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The key components of caring for the elderly are diet, living, transportation, education, and safety issues, and telemedical systems can offer great assistance. Through the integration of personal to community information technology platforms, we have developed a new Intelligent Comprehensive Interactive Care (ICIC) system to provide comprehensive services for elderly care. The ICIC system consists of six items, including medical care (physiological measuring system, Medication Reminder, and Dr. Ubiquitous), diet, living, transportation, education (Intelligent Watch), entertainment (Sharetouch), and safety (Fall Detection). In this study, we specifically evaluated the users' intention of using the Medication Reminder, Dr. Ubiquitous, Sharetouch, and Intelligent Watch using a modified technological acceptance model (TAM). A total of 121 elderly subjects (48 males and 73 females) were recruited. The modified TAM questionnaires were collected after they had used these products. For most of the ICIC units, the elderly subjects revealed great willingness and/or satisfaction in using this system. The elderly users of the Intelligent Watch showed the greatest willingness and satisfaction, while the elderly users of Dr. Ubiquitous revealed fair willingness in the dimension of perceived ease of use. The old-old age group revealed greater satisfaction in the dimension of result demonstrability for the users of the Medication Reminder as compared to the young-old and oldest-old age groups. The women revealed greater satisfaction in the dimension of perceived ease of use for the users of Dr. Ubiquitous as compared to the men. There were no statistically significant differences in terms of gender, age, and education level in the other dimensions. The modified TAM showed its effectiveness in evaluating the acceptance and characteristics of technologic products for the elderly user. The ICIC system offers a user-friendly solution in telemedical care and improves the quality of care for the elderly. PMID:22870200

Wong, Alice M K; Chang, Wei-Han; Ke, Pei-Chih; Huang, Chun-Kai; Tsai, Tsai-Hsuan; Chang, Hsien-Tsung; Shieh, Wann-Yun; Chan, Hsiao-Lung; Chen, Chih-Kuang; Pei, Yu-Cheng

2012-01-01

195

Survey of cogeneration: Advanced cogeneration research study  

Science.gov (United States)

The consumption of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil was surveyed. The potential electricity that could be generated in the SCE service territory using cogeneration technology was estimated. It was found that an estimated 3700 MWe could potentially be generated in Southern California using cogenerated technology. It is suggested that current technology could provide 2600 MWe and advanced technology could provide 1100 MWe. Approximately 1600 MWt is considered not feasible to produce electricity with either current or advanced cogeneration technology.

Slonski, M. L.

1983-01-01

196

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1989  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, as a part of the radioactivity survey and research of Science and Technology Agency, the survey of environmental radioactivity level due to the radioactive fallout accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from nuclear facilities and others and the safety analysis of these have been carried out. The radioactivity and dose survey for environment, foods and human bodies, the survey of the level around nuclear facilities, the business of radioactivity data center, the basic investigation for the evaluation of the results of radioactivity survey, the training of environmental radiation monitoring technicians and the investigation and research of the measurement of emergency radiation exposure and countermeasures were carried out. Those results are summarized. (K.I.)

197

[The state of antimicrobial prophylaxis for holmium laser enucleation of the prostate : HoLEP and the results of a questionnaire survey].  

Science.gov (United States)

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been established as a procedure for the treatment of patients with benign prostate hyperplasia, instead of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). To determine the appropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of perioperative urinary tract infection following HoLEP we sent a questionnaire to 79 institutes belonging to the Japanese Urological Association. We surveyed 1) the performance of HoLEP, 2) number of HoLEP performed in 2009, 3) antimicrobial agents and the term of the administration for prophylaxis, 4) rate of perioperative infections, and 5) usage of other antimicrobial prophylaxis in HoLEP, as compared with in TUR-P. We received answers from 59 institutes (74. 9%). We examined 43 responses, which were obtained from executive members who performed more than eleven cases of HoLEP in 2009. Thirty-one of these institutes (72.1%) indicated parenteral antibiotics ; three of them adopted oral antibiotics, and nine of them added oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics. In 40 of them (93.0%), the rate of perioperative infections was reported to be fewer than 5%. Twenty-seven of them (62. 7%) adopted the same schedule for the prophylaxis in both HoLEP and TUR-P. Eleven of them indicated shorter antimicrobial usage in HoLEP than in TUR-P. Ten of the eleven institutes reported that the rate of perioperative infections in HoLEP had been lower than in TUR-P. Our questionnaire survey demonstrated that shorter antimicrobial prophylaxis might be possible in HoLEP than in TUR-P. PMID:22089150

Ishikawa, Kiyohito; Maruyama, Takahiro; Kusaka, Mamoru; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Hoshinaga, Kiyotaka

2011-10-01

198

The current state of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism. The analysis of a survey with the 37th Kyushu Pediatric Surgical Congress questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose this study was to clarify the present state of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism in the Kyushu area. A questionnaire survey carried out at the member institutions of the Kyushu Pediatric Surgical Congress. The questionnaire included clinical features of cases from January 2002 to December 2006, and the strategy of diagnosis and treatment. In addition, experiences of tumor genesis, fertility acquirement and application of artificial testis were asked concerning cases until December 2006. Information was obtained from 22 institutions. Experienced cases in a recent 5-year period totaled 1,093, including 873 cases (73%) of undescended testis and 246 cases (21%) of retractile testis. The most frequent answer to the question for optimal age of surgery was around 1 year old. In fact, however, the cases operated on at more than 3 years old amounted to 32% of all cases. The replies varied in the definition of retractile testis and its surgical indication. The impalpable testis was recognized in 133 cases. The most frequent answer concerning the strategy for impalpable testis was the inguinal exploration in all cases, followed by the secondary laparoscopy, if necessary. Tumor genesis was recognized in 3 cases. Fertility acquirement was confirmed in only one case. The artificial testis was applied in 9 cases at 4 institutions. This survey revealed several differences in the strategy of diagnosis and treatment for cryptorchidism among the institutions of pediptorchidism among the institutions of pediatric surgery in the Kyushu area. It attracts our attention whether the strategy will be standardized or not in the near future. (author)

199

Environmental Survey preliminary report, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colorado  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), conducted December 14 through 18, 1987. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. The team includes outside experts supplied by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with SERI. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at SERI, and interviews with site personnel. 33 refs., 22 figs., 21 tabs.

1988-10-01

200

Effect of survey instrument on participation in a follow-up study: a randomization study of a mailed questionnaire versus a computer-assisted telephone interview  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many epidemiological and public health surveys report increasing difficulty obtaining high participation rates. We conducted a pilot follow-up study to determine whether a mailed or telephone survey would better facilitate data collection in a subset of respondents to an earlier telephone survey conducted as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Methods We randomly assigned 392 eligible mothers to receive a self-administered, mailed questionnaire (MQ or a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI using similar recruitment protocols. If mothers gave permission to contact the fathers, fathers were recruited to complete the same instrument (MQ or CATI as mothers. Results Mothers contacted for the MQ, within all demographic strata examined, were more likely to participate than those contacted for the CATI (86.6% vs. 70.6%. The median response time for mothers completing the MQ was 17?days, compared to 29?days for mothers completing the CATI. Mothers completing the MQ also required fewer reminder calls or letters to finish participation versus those assigned to the CATI (median 3 versus 6, though they were less likely to give permission to contact the father (75.0% vs. 85.8%. Fathers contacted for the MQ, however, had higher participation compared to fathers contacted for the CATI (85.2% vs. 54.5%. Fathers recruited to the MQ also had a shorter response time (median 17?days and required fewer reminder calls and letters (median 3 reminders than those completing the CATI (medians 28?days and 6 reminders. Conclusions We concluded that offering a MQ substantially improved participation rates and reduced recruitment effort compared to a CATI in this study. While a CATI has the advantage of being able to clarify answers to complex questions or eligibility requirements, our experience suggests that a MQ might be a good survey option for some studies.

Rocheleau Carissa M

2012-07-01

201

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1998  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In National Institute of Radiological Sciences, a survey was made on radioactivities in the environment due to the substances released from nuclear installations and radioactive fall-out brought out by nuclear explosion tests since 1959. As the marked progress of non-military utilization of nuclear energy the national concern on environmental radioactivity has been increasing in Japan and thus it has become more and more important to make a survey research of radioactivities, which might affect the environment and human health. In these situations, the institute attempted to make the following six surveys in the fiscal year of 1998; 'a survey on radioactive levels in environment, foods and human bodies', 'survey on the radioactive level in the regions around nuclear installations', 'works in radioactive data center', 'fundamental survey on the evaluation of the results from radioactivity survey', 'workshop for technical experts of environmental radioactivity monitoring' and 'survey research on the measurement and countermeasures for emergency exposure'. (J.P.N.)

NONE

1999-12-01

202

A Survey of Faculty Members and Lecturers Approach about Teaching Evaluation Procedure by EDC Questionnaire in School of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Aim: Evaluation is a principle function of management which measure organizational goal attainment and eliminate the problems and modify the policies and procedures.Teachers are the most important educational system inputs and are evaluated with more complexity.There are several evaluation procedures for teachers' evaluation. For example, evaluation of teaching process by students.This research is aimed to conduct faculty members and teachers' opinion about teachers evaluation questionnaires form completed by the students in school of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical sciences by the Students.Materials and Methods: All the teachers and faculty members were selected to collect their opinions about teaching evaluation form. The data were analyzed by Excel and descriptive statistical method.Result: The research findings showed that most of the faculty members and teachers believed that teachers evaluation questionnaire form is truly designed and conducted.Discussion and Conclusion: Several universities faculty members and teachers don't believe in teachers evaluation by students, however we think that compound evaluation technical is most appropriate for teachers evaluation.

E Movahedkor

2009-11-01

203

Orthopaedic nurses' attitudes towards clinical nursing research - A cross-sectional survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

The call for evidence-based knowledge in clinical nursing practice has increased during recent decades and research in orthopaedic nursing is needed to improve patients' conditions, care and treatment. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the self-perceived theoretical knowledge and practical research competencies among orthopaedic nurses and their interest and motivation to increase these in everyday practice. A newly developed questionnaire was given to a convenience sample of 87 orthopaedic nurses. Forty three orthopaedic nurses (49.4%) completed the questionnaire. The results indicated that despite the majority of orthopaedic nurses having low self-perceived theoretical knowledge and practical research competencies, their interest and motivation to improve these were high, especially their inner motivation. However, the nurses' inner motivation was inhibited by a lack of acceptance from colleagues and section head nurses and a shortage of time. This study forms a baseline as a part of a larger study and contributes knowledge useful to other orthopaedic departments with an interest in optimizing nursing research to improve orthopaedic nursing care quality. PMID:25846220

Berthelsen, Connie Bøttcher; Hølge-Hazelton, Bibi

2015-05-01

204

United States Geological Survey: Research on Invasive Species  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the homepage of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Invasive Species Program. Materials include information about the program, news articles, and information on research projects arranged by species, project, or region. There is also contact information for researchers and experts, as well as links to publications, events, and other sites with related information.

205

The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper summarizes the outcomes of the 2009 OCLC Research survey of 275 research libraries in the United States and Canada regarding the current status of their special collections and archives. The resulting report, Taking Our Pulse: The OCLC Research Survey of Special Collections and Archives, includes detailed analysis of the data and thirteen recommendations for community action. The three most common challenges named by respondents were space, digitization, and born-digital materials. Collections are growing dramatically, use of all types of material has increased, substantial backlogs remain, and 75% of library budgets have been reduced in recent years.

Jackie M. Dooley

2011-10-01

206

An in-home video study and questionnaire survey of food preparation, kitchen sanitation, and hand washing practices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Foodborne illnesses pose a problem to all individuals but are especially significant for infants, the elderly, and individuals with compromised immune systems. Personal hygiene is recognized as the number-one way people can lower their risk. The majority of meals in the U.S. are eaten at home. Little is known, however, about the actual application of personal hygiene and sanitation behaviors in the home. The study discussed in this article assessed knowledge of hygiene practices compared to observed behaviors and determined whether knowledge equated to practice. It was a descriptive study involving a convenience sample of 30 households. Subjects were recruited from the Boston area and a researcher and/or a research assistant traveled to the homes of study participants to videotape a standard food preparation procedure preceded by floor mopping. The results highlight the differences between individuals' reported beliefs and actual practice. This information can aid food safety and other health professionals in targeting food safety education so that consumers understand their own critical role in decreasing their risk for foodborne illness. PMID:20556938

Scott, Elizabeth; Herbold, Nancie

2010-06-01

207

Body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors among members of an urban community fitness center: a questionnaire survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Development of effective behavioral interventions to promote weight control and physical activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public health priority. Community focused wellness organizations, such as YMCAs, could provide a unique channel with which to reach such populations. This study assessed health behaviors and related characteristics of members of an urban YMCA facility. Methods We surveyed 135 randomly selected members of an urban YMCA facility in Massachusetts to examine self-reported (1 physical activity, (2 dietary behaviors, (3 body mass index, and (4 correlates of behavior change among short-term (i.e., one year or less and long-term (i.e., more than one year members. Chi-square tests were used to assess bivariate associations between variables, and multivariate linear regression models were fit to examine correlates of health behaviors and weight status. Results Eighty-nine percent of short-term and 94% of long-term members reported meeting current physical activity recommendations. Only 24% of short-term and 19% of long-term members met fruit and vegetable consumption recommendations, however, and more than half were overweight or obese. Length of membership was not significantly related to weight status, dietary behaviors, or physical activity. Most respondents were interested in changing health behaviors, in the preparation stage of change, and had high levels of self-efficacy to change behaviors. Short-term members had less education (p = 0.02, lower household incomes (p = 0.02, and were less likely to identify as white (p = 0.005 than long-term members. In multivariate models, females had lower BMI than males (p = 0.003 and reported less physical activity (p = 0.008. Physical activity was also inversely associated with age (p = 0.0004 and education (p = 0.02. Conclusion Rates of overweight/obesity and fruit and vegetable consumption suggested that there is a need for a weight control intervention among members of an urban community YMCA. Membership in such a community wellness facility alone might not be sufficient to help members maintain a healthy weight. The data indicate that YMCA members are interested in making changes in their dietary and physical activity behaviors. Targeting newer YMCA members might be an effective way of reaching underserved populations. These data will help inform the development of a weight control intervention tailored to this setting.

O'Neil Amy E

2007-07-01

208

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR LECTURERS FROM FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA REGARDING THEIR MOTIVATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years, especially after Bulgaria accession to the EU on 1st January 2007, new scientific horizons have appeared in front of the academic community in our country. Medical universities work in a really competitive environment both on a national and global scale, where the high quality of lecturing, research and medical activities is a key factor for success.Aim: The purpose of this study is by analyzing data from our questionnaire to define the most distinctively expressed lecturers’ opinions regarding the research project activities performed by Bulgarian faculties of Dental Medicine. Material and methods: The questionnaire including 13 questions was completed by 75 lecturers from Faculties of Dental Medicine in Sofia, Varna and Plovdiv. The questionnaire was anonymous so that maximum objectivity and reliability of the collected information can be achieved. The questionnaires were filled in between January and May 2013. Results: In order for us to achieve the goal of this study we focused on the questions from the questionnaire.Conclusion:Lecturers from all three faculties of dental medicine are partially aware of the procedures and various types of project financing. They express their willingness to participate in research project activities although their implementation is rather difficult. Lecturers estimate the advantages and disadvantages of participation in projects and in their opinion the unit in charge of project activities at the relevant Faculty of Dental Medicine should comprise of various experts who are to ensure up-to-date information on current or future projects.

Svetoslav Garov

2013-07-01

209

Basic Project Management Methodologies for Survey Researchers.  

Science.gov (United States)

To be effective, project management requires a heavy dependence on the document, list, and computational capability of a computerized environment. Now that microcomputers are readily available, only the rediscovery of classic project management methodology is required for improved resource allocation in small research projects. This paper provides…

Beach, Robert H.

210

Business and Impact Alignment of Questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

Survey is a quick common instrument for information gathering. One of the most common forms of the survey is a questionnaire. Questionnaire is “a technique for gathering statistical information about the attributes, attitudes or actions of a population by administering standardized questions to some or all its members.” [5] In this thesis we are discussing business impact of questionnaire and problems related to questionnaire design. Aim of this project is universal solution for questionn...

Piterenko, Kateryna

2013-01-01

211

Report on preceding researches in fiscal 1998 on the survey and research on conjugate materials; 1998 nendo conjugate material no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research and development has been made on the 'conjugate materials (CM)' , the innovative materials in which ultra fine inorganic and organic structural units of molecular levels are introduced to be oriented regularly in glass matrix to respond to external force conjugately. The current fiscal year reported items having been made clear by further surveys and researches on CM as proposed by the fundamental surveys having been done as the second year. Section 1 summarizes significance of the research and development; Section 2 reports the result of the CM research and survey and the subjects related to application areas of CM; Section 3 reports the result of the CM market research performed newly in the current fiscal year; Section 4 reports the contents and result of the questionnaire survey to glass related small enterprises as to what interest these enterprises will have upon assuming that these CM products have been realized; Section 5 reports the result of surveys on patents and literatures related to photonics; and Section 6 states future problems in the CM research and development, and summarizes the future prospects of CM. (NEDO)

NONE

1999-03-01

212

Survey of potential improvements during the course of the radiotherapy treatment. A patient questionnaire; Erfassung moeglicher Verbesserungen im Ablauf der Strahlentherapie. Eine Patientenbefragung  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the context of quality assurance, increasing demands are placed on the whole radiotherapy treatment process. The patients directly concerned generally do not realize most aspects of the quality assurance program (e.g., additional safety checks) during their daily therapy. It was the aim of this study to systematically ask patients about potential improvements during the course of radiotherapy treatment from their own perspective. In the defined time span (1 month), 624 radiotherapy patients (600 questionnaires were returned, 96.2%) were interviewed using a questionnaire newly developed to inquire about several aspects of their treatment. Furthermore, they were asked for their specific needs and suggestions for improvements that could be made during the course of radiotherapy treatment. Overall, the patients were satisfied with the course of their radiotherapy treatment and with patient care. As an example, about 90% agreed with the statement: ''My first contact with the radiation oncology unit proceeded with kindness and competence so that I was given the impression that I will be well cared for in this clinic.'' Considering the organization of the course of radiotherapy, a large majority of patients attached great value to set appointments for the therapy fractions. A main point of criticism was waiting times or delays caused by servicing or machine failures. Small, low cost improvements as music in the therapy room were considered as important as expensive measures (e.g., daylight in the therapy room). The patients emphasized the importance of staff friendliness. The situation of radiotherapy patients was, in general, satisfactory. Future improvements can be mainly expected from smooth organisation of both planning and treatment which can be achieved by electronic scheduling systems. Many results of the survey could be easily implemented in daily practice. In matters of organization radiation oncology with its complex procedures can be used as a model for other clinical departments. (orig.)

Momm, Felix; Jooss, David; Adebahr, Sonja; Duncker-Rohr, Viola; Heinemann, Felix; Kirste, Simon; Messmer, Marc-Benjamin; Grosu, Anca-Ligia [Universitaetsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde; Xander, Carola J.; Becker, Gerhild [Universitaetsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). Palliativeinheit

2011-11-15

213

What is the impact of a national postgraduate medical specialist education reform on the daily clinical training 3.5 years after implementation? A questionnaire survey  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many countries have recently reformed their postgraduate medical education (PGME. New pedagogic initiatives and blueprints have been introduced to improve quality and effectiveness of the education. Yet it is unknown whether these changes improved the daily clinical training. The purpose was to examine the impact of a national PGME reform on the daily clinical training practice. Methods The Danish reform included change of content and format of specialist education in line with outcome-based education using the CanMEDS framework. We performed a questionnaire survey among all hospital doctors in the North Denmark Region. The questionnaire included items on educational appraisal meetings, individual learning plans, incorporating training issues into work routines, supervision and feedback, and interpersonal acquaintance. Data were collected before start and 31/2 years later. Mean score values were compared, and response variables were analysed by multiple regression to explore the relation between the ratings and seniority, type of hospital, type of specialty, and effect of attendance to courses in learning and teaching among respondents. Results Response rates were 2105/2817 (75% and 1888/3284 (58%, respectively. We found limited impact on clinical training practice and learning environment. Variances in ratings were hardly affected by type of hospital, whereas belonging to the laboratory specialities compared to other specialties was related to higher ratings concerning all aspects. Conclusions The impact on daily clinical training practice of a national PGME reform was limited after 31/2 years. Future initiatives must focus on changing the pedagogical competences of the doctors participating in daily clinical training and on implementation strategies for changing educational culture.

Ringsted Charlotte

2010-06-01

214

Paediatric palliative home care in areas of Germany with low population density and long distances: a questionnaire survey with general paediatricians  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2007, the patient’s right to specialised palliative home care became law in Germany. However, childhood palliative care in territorial states with low patient numbers and long distances requires adapted models to ensure an area-wide maintenance. Actually, general paediatricians are the basic care providers for children and adolescents. They also provide home care. The aim of this study was to improve the knowledge about general paediatrician’s involvement in and contribution to palliative care in children. Findings To evaluate the current status of palliative home care provided by general paediatricians and their cooperation with other paediatric palliative care providers, a questionnaire survey was disseminated to general paediatricians in Lower Saxony, a German federal state with nearly eight million inhabitants and a predominantly rural infrastructure. Data analysis was descriptive. One hundred forty one of 157 included general paediatricians completed the questionnaire (response rate: 89.8%. A total of 792 children and adolescents suffering from life-limiting conditions were cared for by these general paediatricians in 2008. Severe cerebral palsy was the most prevalent diagnosis. Eighty-nine per cent of the general paediatricians stated that they had professional experience with paediatric palliative care. Collaboration of general paediatricians and other palliative care providers was stated as not well developed. The support by a specialised team including 24-hour on-call duty and the intensification of educational programs were emphasised. Conclusions The current regional infrastructure of palliative home care in Lower Saxony can benefit from the establishment of a coordinated network of palliative home care providers.

Kremeike Kerstin

2012-09-01

215

The Application of the Item Response Theory in China’s Public Opinion Survey Design  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we use the item response theory (IRT), take the public opinion poll questionnaire survey design as main lines, combine college campus life satisfaction survey, discuss the basic principle of IRT public opinion poll questionnaire survey design systematically and research key technology and method of the process specifications, survey topic choice, scheme configuration, error control and satisfaction standards definition of the public opinion poll questionnaire survey design. Stu...

Liu, Ting; Liu, Quan

2011-01-01

216

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS. MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y validación de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de ser incluidos en el estudio. Se utilizaron las variables: accesibilidad, continuidad, integralidad, integración, interacción clínica, trato interpersonal y confianza. Se validaron la apariencia, mediante análisis de distribución de las respuestas, análisis de participación y patrones de no respuesta; el constructo, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio usando el método de componentes principales y rotación Varimax; el criterio, mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, y la fiabilidad, usando el alfa de Cronbach y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase. RESULTADOS: En el análisis factorial exploratorio se obtuvieron 11 factores que explicaron 68,38% de la variabilidad original. La validez de criterio mostró una correlación adecuada entre la medida resumen de la escala y las variables "ad hoc" Q33b (valor de r×1×2 = 0,569; P = 0,01 y Q32 (valor de r×1×2 = 0,600; P = 0,01. La escala obtuvo un coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach de 0,94. La fiabilidad test-retest (F [1,140] = 0,155 [P = 0,694] demostró que la escala es estable en el tiempo. CONCLUSIONES: Las propiedades psicométricas de la versión adaptada del cuestionario PCAS permiten afirmar que se trata de una escala válida y fiable para evaluar la atención primaria desde un enfoque de continuidad asistencial basada en la relación médico-paciente.OBJECTIVE: Adapt the Primary Care Assessment Survey (PCAS questionnaire to the Spanish language and determine its validity and reliability in identifying strengths and weaknesses in primary health care (PHC. METHODS: Study of the adaptation and validation of a questionnaire-survey. The suitable sample selected was 244 users of PHC services. The users were over 18 years of age and had had at least two institutional visits prior to being included in the study. The variables used were access, continuity, comprehensiveness, integration, clinical interaction, interpersonal treatment, and trust. Participation was confirmed through analysis of the distribution of responses; participation and patterns of nonresponse; the construct, through exploratory factorial analysis, using principal component analysis and the varimax rotation; the criterion, through the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; and reliability using Cronbach's alfa and the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The exploratory factorial analysis obtained 11 factors that explain 68.38% of the original variability. The criterion validity showed a sufficient correlation between the summary measure of the scale and the ad hoc variables Q33b (value of r x1x2 = 0.569; P = 0.01 and Q32 (value of r x1x2 = 0.600; P = 0.01. The scale obtained a coefficient of Cronbach's alfa of 0.94. The test-retest reliability (F [1 140] = 0.155 [P = 0.694] demonstrated that the scale is stable over time. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the adapted version of the PCAS questionnaire make it possible to state that it is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate primary care from a standpoint of ongoing care based on the physician-patient relationship.

Narly Benachi Sandoval

2012-01-01

217

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud / Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey) al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS). MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y valida [...] ción de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de ser incluidos en el estudio. Se utilizaron las variables: accesibilidad, continuidad, integralidad, integración, interacción clínica, trato interpersonal y confianza. Se validaron la apariencia, mediante análisis de distribución de las respuestas, análisis de participación y patrones de no respuesta; el constructo, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio usando el método de componentes principales y rotación Varimax; el criterio, mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, y la fiabilidad, usando el alfa de Cronbach y el coeficiente de correlación intraclase. RESULTADOS: En el análisis factorial exploratorio se obtuvieron 11 factores que explicaron 68,38% de la variabilidad original. La validez de criterio mostró una correlación adecuada entre la medida resumen de la escala y las variables "ad hoc" Q33b (valor de r×1×2 = 0,569; P = 0,01) y Q32 (valor de r×1×2 = 0,600; P = 0,01). La escala obtuvo un coeficiente de alfa de Cronbach de 0,94. La fiabilidad test-retest (F [1,140] = 0,155 [P = 0,694]) demostró que la escala es estable en el tiempo. CONCLUSIONES: Las propiedades psicométricas de la versión adaptada del cuestionario PCAS permiten afirmar que se trata de una escala válida y fiable para evaluar la atención primaria desde un enfoque de continuidad asistencial basada en la relación médico-paciente. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Adapt the Primary Care Assessment Survey (PCAS) questionnaire to the Spanish language and determine its validity and reliability in identifying strengths and weaknesses in primary health care (PHC). METHODS: Study of the adaptation and validation of a questionnaire-survey. The suitable sa [...] mple selected was 244 users of PHC services. The users were over 18 years of age and had had at least two institutional visits prior to being included in the study. The variables used were access, continuity, comprehensiveness, integration, clinical interaction, interpersonal treatment, and trust. Participation was confirmed through analysis of the distribution of responses; participation and patterns of nonresponse; the construct, through exploratory factorial analysis, using principal component analysis and the varimax rotation; the criterion, through the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; and reliability using Cronbach's alfa and the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The exploratory factorial analysis obtained 11 factors that explain 68.38% of the original variability. The criterion validity showed a sufficient correlation between the summary measure of the scale and the ad hoc variables Q33b (value of r x1x2 = 0.569; P = 0.01) and Q32 (value of r x1x2 = 0.600; P = 0.01). The scale obtained a coefficient of Cronbach's alfa of 0.94. The test-retest reliability (F [1 140] = 0.155 [P = 0.694]) demonstrated that the scale is stable over time. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of the adapted version of the PCAS questionnaire make it possible to state that it is a valid and reliable scale to evaluate primary care from a standpoint of ongoing care based on the physician-patient relationship.

Narly, Benachi Sandoval; Alejandro, Castillo Martínez; Josep M., Vilaseca Llobet; Susanna, Torres Belmonte; Ester, Risco Vilarasau.

2012-01-01

218

A survey of research programs in radiation protection in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A survey of research programs in Canada concerned with radiation protection was conducted in 1991-92 by the Joint Subcommittee on Regulatory Research (JSCRR) of the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) Advisory Committees on Radiological Protection and on Nuclear Safety. The purpose of this survey was to determine the current state of funding for this type of research in Canada. Funding for health-related radiation research in Canada is critical to establishing and maintaining a supply of trained professionals who can provide competent advice on health-related problems in radiation protection. The present report is an analysis of the information received in this survey. This survey concludes with the recommendation that the organization and definition of subprograms for the AECB Regulatory Research and Support Program should be completed as soon as possible. In this report the JSCRR should assist AECB staff in preparing a report in which priorities for research related to radiation protection are indicated. The sources of information noted at the end of the Discussion section of this report should be considered for this purpose. (author). 15 refs., 3 tabs

219

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1988  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The National Institute of Radiological Sciences has been surveyed, as part of the radioactivity research project by the Science and Technology Agency, radioactivity levels in the environment and safety analysis for radioactive fallouts associated with nuclear weapons tests since 1959 and effluents from nuclear installations. With a remarkable advent of the peaceful applications of radionuclides, radioactivity in the environment has been becoming a matter of concern for the population in Japan. Radioactivity research is considered to become more important because it may provide clues for the basis of its influences upon the human body and environment. This report gives a survey of the radioactivity research project performed in the fiscal year 1988. The following topics are covered: (1) radioactivity levels and dosimetry in the environment, foods, and human body; (2) radioactivity levels surrounding nuclear installations; (3) services in the Radioactivity Survey Data Center; (4) basic survey of evaluation for the results of radioactivity levels; (5) training of technichians for monitoring environmental radioactivity; and (6) survey research for dosimetry and countermeasures at emergency. (N.K.)

220

A Survey of Green Networking Research  

CERN Document Server

Reduction of unnecessary energy consumption is becoming a major concern in wired networking, because of the potential economical benefits and of its expected environmental impact. These issues, usually referred to as "green networking", relate to embedding energy-awareness in the design, in the devices and in the protocols of networks. In this work, we first formulate a more precise definition of the "green" attribute. We furthermore identify a few paradigms that are the key enablers of energy-aware networking research. We then overview the current state of the art and provide a taxonomy of the relevant work, with a special focus on wired networking. At a high level, we identify four branches of green networking research that stem from different observations on the root causes of energy waste, namely (i) Adaptive Link Rate, (ii) Interface proxying, (iii) Energy-aware infrastructures and (iv) Energy-aware applications. In this work, we do not only explore specific proposals pertaining to each of the above bran...

Bianzino, Aruna Prem; Rossi, Dario; Rougier, Jean-Louis

2010-01-01

221

The european organization for research and treatment of cancer quality of life questionnaire-BR 23 breast cancer-specific quality of life questionnaire: psychometric properties in a Moroccan sample of breast cancer patients  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Quality of life (QOL) and its measurement in cancer patients is becoming increasingly important. Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment are often associated with psychological distress and reduced QoL. In Arabic-speaking countries, QoL of patients with cancer is inadequately studied. The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Moroccan Arabic version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Breast Cancer-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-BR23). Methods After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, the questionnaire was tested on breast cancer patients. The participants’ number for the test and the retest were 105 and 37 respectively. Internal consistency was tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (?), the test-retest reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Construct validity was assessed by examining item-convergent and divergent validity. Results The questionnaire was administered to 105 patients. The mean age of patients was 48 years (SD: 16), 62.9% were married. 68.6% of all participants lived in urban area. The average time to complete the QLQ- BR23 was 15 min. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, were all >0.7, with the exception of breast symptoms and arm symptoms. All items exceeded the 0.4 criterion for convergent validity except item 20 and 23 related to pain and skin problems in the affected breast respectively. Conclusion In general, the findings of this study indicated that the Moroccan Arabic version of the EORTC QLQ-BR23 is a reliable and valid supplementary measure of the QOL in breast cancer patients and can be used in clinical trials and studies of outcome research in oncology. PMID:24447401

2014-01-01

222

Research training during medical residency (MIR): Satisfaction questionnaire / Formación investigadora durante la residencia MIR: Encuesta de satisfacción  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: durante la residencia MIR se van a adquirir los conocimientos, habilidades y hábitos que van a marcar la actividad profesional en el futuro. Por ello, es muy probable que los residentes que no adquieran el hábito y los conocimientos necesarios para realizar actividades investigadoras n [...] o realicen dichas actividades en el futuro. El objetivo es analizar la satisfacción de los MIR con su formación científica e investigadora, y determinar los déficits al respecto en su formación. Material y método: se aplicó un cuestionario destinado a constatar la satisfacción de los residentes respecto a su formación científica e investigadora durante el transcurso de su residencia. Los cuestionarios se distribuyeron nominalmente por correo interno a todos los MIR registrados en un hospital de tercer nivel acreditado para docencia, siendo el grado de cumplimentación del 78% (n=178). Resultados: en cuanto a la valoración de la formación científica, el 68% están insatisfechos o muy insatisfechos. Respecto a la realización de trabajos científicos, el 49% de los residentes no han escrito ninguno, aunque aumenta el número de trabajos realizados conforme avanza el tiempo de residencia. Por otro lado, el 22% refiere no tener iniciada la tesis doctoral, el 50% haber realizado los cursos de doctorado, el 24% tiene tema de tesis, y sólo el 4% la ha escrito. Los cursos, el tema de tesis y el haberla escrito van aumentando con el año de residencia, y se observa una mayor actividad en este sentido en los servicios quirúrgicos. Si analizamos las facilidades que tienen los residentes para realizar actividades científicas, el 55% refieren que sólo con determinados adjuntos, y el 21% que ninguna. La insatisfacción con la formación investigadora aumenta conforme aumenta el año de residencia. En cuando al área troncal de la especialidad, se observa que realizan más tesis los residentes de las áreas quirúrgicas, y que los de áreas centrales refieren menos facilidades. Por último, si se valora la influencia que estas variables pueden tener en la satisfacción general del residente con su residencia, se observa que son factores significativos de insatisfacción. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los residentes están insatisfechos con su formación científica y tienen relativamente pocas facilidades para poder desarrollarla, lo cual se plasma en un escaso número de trabajos científicos y tesis doctorales. Abstract in english Introduction: it is during Medical Residency Training (MIR) that knowledge, abilities and habits are acquired, which will shape professional activity in the future. It is therefore very likely that residents who do not acquire the necessary habits and knowledge for research activities will eventuall [...] y not carry out these activities in the future. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of satisfaction of residents with his or her scientific and research training, and to determine any deficiencies with respect to this training. Materials and methods: the aim of the questionnaire used was to determine the level of satisfaction of residents regarding their scientific and research training during their residency period. Questionnaires were usually distributed via internal mail to all residents (MIR physicians) registered at a third level teaching hospital, with a completion rate of 78% (n = 178). Results: as far as the evaluation of scientific training is concerned, 68% of residents were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. With respect to scientific studies carried out, 49% of residents had not taken part in any, but the number of studies carried out increases as the residency progresses. On the other hand, 22% of residents reported not having started their doctoral thesis, 50% having attended doctorate courses, 24% having a title for their thesis, and only 4% having written a thesis. Doctorate courses, thesis topics, and written theses increase with the year of residency, and a greater activity may be seen

A., Ríos Zambudio; F., Sánchez Gascón; L., González Moro; M., Guerrero Fernández.

2004-10-01

223

A survey of chiropractors practicing in Germany : Practice characteristics, professional reading habits, and attitudes and perceptions toward research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: In 2004, a survey conducted by the European Chiropractor's Union among member countries reported that "there appears to be little interest in research among chiropractors in Germany." However, no research has tested this statement. The objective of this study was to explore the attitudes and perceptions of practicing chiropractors in Germany regarding research, to look at their reading and research habits, and to gather demographic and practice data. Methods: A questionnaire was developed and distributed among participants at a seminar held by the German Chiropractors' Association in 2005. The questionnaire was mailed to any members of the association who did not attend the seminar. Results: A total of 49 (72%) of 68 distributed questionnaires were returned. Forty-five (92%) respondents stated they would support research efforts in Germany and 15 (31%) declared interest in participating in practiced based research. An average of three hours per week were reportedly spent reading scientific literature by 44 (85%) respondents. However, few journals listed by respondents were peer-reviewed and indexed; most were newsletters of chiropractic organizations or free publications. Most participants agreed on the importance of research for the profession, but when asked about the most pressing issue for chiropractic in Germany, legislation and recognition of the profession were the dominant themes. Conclusion: The results of this survey show that there is a general interest in supporting and participating in research activities among chiropractors practicing in Germany. Next steps could consist of educating practitioners about the resources available to read and interpret the scientific literature and thus further the understanding of research. © 2007 Schwarz and Hondras; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Schwarz, Ilke; Hondras, Maria

2007-01-01

224

A Survey Research of Contemporary Management Development Practices In Malaysian Corporations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This survey was designed and developed to assess key issues related to management development practices in Malaysian corporations especially on needs assessment, programme selection, programme evaluation, and future directions and trends.  The survey research instrument is a questionnaire that was distributed to 189 selected Malaysian corporations listed on the Main Board of the Bursa Malaysia or formerly known as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE. These corporations represent a cross-section of local industries and was selected through stratified random sampling.  The 16-percent or 31 responses were collated and the data analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics. The major findings suggest that despite being aware of the importance of MD practices to achieve productivity and enhance corporate performance, most Malaysian corporations are unsure how to practise MD. They seldom implement value-added MD programmes to improve managerial productivity and enhance managerial performance achievements. The main reason given is cost-effective considerations vis-à-vis actual bottom-line results. Specifically, the majority of the respondents articulated their concern over several areas such as the lack of needs assessment, indiscriminate programme selection, non-standardized programme evaluation and vague ideas about future directions and trends in MD activities. On the whole, the survey research suggests that there is a need for Malaysian corporations to redress the prevailing weaknesses so that any concrete management development initiative undertaken can produce the desired results and productivity outcomes including bottom-line achievements.

Kian Aun Law

2009-02-01

225

ANALYSIS OF ONLINE SURVEY SERVICES FOR MARKETING RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The online population has led to an increase in the use of online surveys, which have been a good alternative to capture data from the Internet with regard to collecting and filtering information.The contribution of this paper is an analysis of current free online survey solutions, showing their advantages, disadvantages and, mainly, the restrictions of free and even paid plans in integration with social networks. The information, already available on social networks, was not used in parallel with surveys; however, it could be implemented in some contexts to increase the analysis process of quantitative and qualitative marketing research as well as increase consumer sampling numbers. The social networks are present today, so they could be more explored in current surveys.

Renata Lopes Rosa

2012-06-01

226

Etoricoxib, paracetamol, and dextropropoxyphene for postoperative pain management: a questionnaire survey of consumption of take-home medication after elective hallux valgus surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, patients were presented with a questionnaire-based survey about the consumption of analgesics and pain ratings up to the third postoperative day following elective hallux valgus surgery. The aim was to study the consumption of analgesics and to look for factors influencing the need for rescue analgesia. All patients were provided with take-home oral medication, with etoricoxib 120 mg once daily, paracetamol 1 to 4 g daily, and dextropropoxyphene 100 mg provided as add-on rescue analgesics in a stepwise fashion. Thirty-five of the 102 patients responding (response rate 91%) did not take any further analgesics during the entire 4-day follow-up period than the recommended coxib, 67 patients took at least 1 tablet of rescue analgesic, 41 took only paracetamol, and 26 patients (25%) took paracetamol plus at least 1 dextropropoxyphene. There was a significant association between the subjective experience of pain and consumption of analgesics. Female gender and low age were significantly associated with the consumption of analgesics. A stepwise approach based on etoricoxib, paracetamol, and a small number of opioid tablets seems to be a rational approach for take-home medication following a standardized hallux valgus surgery. Female gender and lower age comprise a group that warrants special atten group that warrants special attention. PMID:19825698

Turan, Ibrahim; Assareh, Hamid; Rolf, Christer; Jakobsson, Jan G

2008-04-01

227

Evaluation of doctoral nursing education in Japan by students, graduates, and faculty: a comparative study based on a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluation of doctoral education in nursing is needed with the rapid increase in doctoral nursing programs in Japan. This study aimed to compare the evaluations of doctoral nursing education by students, graduates, and faculty. All 46 doctoral nursing programs in Japan were target settings. 127 students who had been in the doctoral program, 24 graduates and 87 faculty members had responded to the survey. A questionnaire with 17 items for program evaluation, 12 items for faculty evaluation, 9 items for resource evaluation, and 3 for overall evaluations was distributed in November and December 2008. Responses to 1 program evaluation item, 2 faculty evaluation items and 4 resource evaluation items indicated significant differences among evaluators. While 79.2% of graduates responded positively that the number of faculty members was sufficient to facilitate learning, only 36.1% of faculty members and 49.6% of students responded affirmatively. Graduates' ratings were the most positive and faculty members were the least positive, especially for infrastructure or equipment such as libraries, computers, and the number of technical and support staff. The significant differences among the evaluators suggested that having evaluators in various roles is important to evaluate the quality of doctoral nursing education. PMID:21665333

Nagata, Satoko; Gregg, Misuzu F; Miki, Yuko; Arimoto, Azusa; Murashima, Sachiyo; Kim, Mi Ja

2012-05-01

228

Public knowledge, risk perception, attitudes and practices in relation to the swine flu pandemic: A cross sectional questionnaire-based survey in Bahrain  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction/Objectives: On 10 August 2010 World Health Organization announced that H1N1 influenza virus had moved into the post-pandemic period and hence it is time for countries to evaluate their response to the pandemic. Many studies have been done about the public perception and behaviours toward H1N1 influenza in the western world; however none has been done so far in the Gulf countries. Therefore, this paper investigates the general public knowledge, risk perception, preventive behaviours and practices during the H1N1 pandemic in Kingdom of Bahrain, as a model for the Gulf countries.Methods: The study was conducted using a cross-sectional questionnaire based survey on 771 Bahraini individuals.Results: Despite that the public showed strong adherence to the personal protective hygiene measures, most of them underestimated the threat of H1N1 pandemic as evident in their knowledge of previous pandemics or in their susceptibility perception. Furthermore, misconceptions and wrong beliefs were common, which indicates a gap in the knowledge and practice of the public. For example, most of the public were against taking H1N1 Influenza vaccine and their negative intension was based on the alleged side effects of the vaccine.Conclusion: This study provides a baseline for an ongoing surveillance programme to help the local authorities in improving their pandemic preparatory plans, especially the governmental educational and media campaign.

Essam Janahi

2011-06-01

229

Opinions on registering trial details: a survey of academic researchers  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO) has established a set of items related to study design and administrative information that should build the minimum set of data in a study register. A more comprehensive data set for registration is currently developed by the Ottawa Group. Since nothing is known about the attitudes of academic researchers towards prospective study registration, we surveyed academic researchers about their opinion regarding the registration of study detai...

Trelle Sven; Scherer Martin

2008-01-01

230

A Survey: Recent Advances and Future Trends in Honeypot Research  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a survey on recent advances in honeypot research from a review of 80+ papers on honeypots and related topics mostly published after year 2005. This paper summarizes 60 papers that had significant contribution to the field. In reviewing the literature, it became apparent that the research can be broken down into five major areas: ? new types of honeypots to cope with emergent new security threats, ? utilizing honeypot output data to improve the accuracy in threat dete...

Bringer, Matthew L.; Chelmecki, Christopher A.; Hiroshi Fujinoki

2012-01-01

231

Survey of Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE): First Findings  

OpenAIRE

In this study, I examined the hypothesis that undergraduate research enhances the educational experience of science undergraduates, attracts and retains talented students to careers in science, and acts as a pathway for minority students into science careers. Undergraduates from 41 institutions participated in an online survey on the benefits of undergraduate research experiences. Participants indicated gains on 20 potential benefits and reported on career plans. Over 83% of 1,135 participant...

Lopatto, David

2004-01-01

232

A survey of etiologic hypotheses among testicular cancer researchers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Basic research results can provide new ideas and hypotheses to be examined in epidemiological studies. We conducted a survey among testicular cancer researchers on hypotheses concerning the etiology of this malignancy. All researchers on the mailing list of Copenhagen Testis Cancer Workshops and corresponding authors of PubMed-indexed articles identified by the search term 'testicular cancer' and published within 10 years (in total 2750 recipients) were invited to respond to an e-mail-based survey. Participants of the 8th Copenhagen Testis Cancer Workshop in May 2014 were subsequently asked to rate the plausibility of the suggested etiologic hypotheses on a scale of 1 (very implausible) to 10 (very plausible). This report describes the methodology of the survey, the score distributions by individual hypotheses, hypothesis group, and the participants' major research fields, and discuss the hypotheses that scored as most plausible. We also present plans for improving the survey that may be repeated at a next international meeting of experts in testicular cancer. Overall 52 of 99 (53%) registered participants of the 8th Copenhagen Testis Cancer Workshop submitted the plausibility rating form. Fourteen of 27 hypotheses were related to exposures during pregnancy. Hypotheses with the highest mean plausibility ratings were either related to pre-natal exposures or exposures that might have an effect during pregnancy and in post-natal life. The results of the survey may be helpful for triggering more specific etiologic hypotheses that include factors related to endocrine disruption, DNA damage, inflammation, and nutrition during pregnancy. The survey results may stimulate a multidisciplinary discussion about new etiologic hypotheses of testicular cancer. PMID:25538016

Stang, A; Trabert, B; Rusner, C; Poole, C; Almstrup, K; Rajpert-De Meyts, E; McGlynn, K A

2015-01-01

233

Using the Internet for Survey Research: A Case Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews previous studies that used the Internet for survey research, discusses new methodological issues and problems, and presents a case study that seeks possible solutions. Topics include biased samples and biased returns, access to the Internet, effect of self-selection, validity of respondents, Web browsers, authentication, log files, and…

Zhang, Yin

2000-01-01

234

Energy Balance Survey: Child Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 20 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

235

Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use amongst junior collegiates in twin cities of western Nepal: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background College students are vulnerable to tobacco addiction. Tobacco industries often target college students for marketing. Studies about prevalence of tobacco use and its correlates among college students in Nepal are lacking. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in two cities of western Nepal during January-March, 2007. A pre-tested, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire (in Nepali adapted from Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS and a World Bank study was administered to a representative sample of 1600 students selected from 13 junior colleges by two-stage stratified random sampling. Results Overall prevalence of 'ever users' of tobacco products was 13.9%. Prevalence among boys and girls was 20.5% and 2.9% respectively. Prevalence of 'current users' was 10.2% (cigarette smoking: 9.4%, smokeless products: 6.5%, and both forms: 5.7%. Median age at initiation of cigarette smoking and chewable tobacco was 16 and 15 years respectively. Among the current cigarette smokers, 58.7% (88/150 were smoking at least one cigarette per day. Most (67.8% 'Current users' purchased tobacco products by themselves from stores or got them from friends. Most of them (66.7% smoked in tea stalls or restaurants followed by other public places (13.2%. The average daily expenditure was 20 Nepalese rupees (~0.3 USD and most (59% students reported of having adequate money to buy tobacco products. Majority (82% of the students were exposed to tobacco advertisements through magazines/newspapers, and advertising hoardings during a period of 30 days prior to survey. The correlates of tobacco use were: age, gender, household asset score and knowledge about health risks, family members, teachers and friends using tobacco products, and purchasing tobacco products for family members. Conclusion School/college-based interventions like counseling to promote cessation among current users and tobacco education to prevent initiation are necessary. Enforcement of legislations to decrease availability, accessibility and affordability of tobacco products and policies to change social norms of tobacco use among parents and teachers are necessary to curb the tobacco use among college students.

Paudel Jagadish

2008-03-01

236

High density electric survey around the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. The third survey  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been implementing the development of the monitoring technology to understand the evolution of the environmental condition of underground water from the distribution of apparent resistivity which is obtained by time lapses electric survey at each stage (Early, During, After and Backfill) of the underground facility construction in Horonobe-cho, Teshio-gun, Hokkaido. This paper describes the results of the electric survey carried out in fiscal year 2008. In this paper, the result are discussed considering the existing survey results and the data taken from the surveys of fiscal year 2006 and fiscal year 2007. This Electric survey with the pole-pole array around Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Area was the third survey. 2 lines were installed for this survey and the basic electrode spacing was 50m. Line1 was set 42 electrodes in about 2.1km line length and Line2 was set 61 electrode in about 3.1km line length. Resistivity distribution near surface was about 20 ohm-m and around altitude at EL-600m was about 2 ohm-m. Resistivity distribution was good agreement with existing survey results and existing electrical resistivity log data. By comparing resistivity model with hydrology model, it was estimated that resistivity reflected the density of salinity. The range and distribution trends of apparent resistivity in this year were similar to the results of fiscal year 2006 and fiscal year 2007. Therefore it is thought that the high quality and reproducibility were acquired in this survey. Around the shafts during sinking, change of apparent resistivity is not remarkable. (author)

237

Radiological survey of the Albany Research Center, Albany, Oregon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In early 1984, a radiological survey was conducted at the Albany Research Center (ARC) in Albany, Oregon. The survey was performed as part of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), a US Department of Energy effort to identify, clean up, or otherwise control sites where low level radioactive contamination (exceeding current guidelines) remains from the early years of the Nation's atomic energy program. From 1978 through 1982, the Argonne National Laboratory conducted radiological surveys of the ARC and identified areas with radiological readings above background. The 1984 survey was necessary to determine actual levels of contamination in each area and to define the locations and boundaries of above-guideline contamination. The 1984 survey revealed site field areas with above-guideline concentrations of 232Th and 226Ra in surface and subsurface soils. Using the 1984 survey findings for surface area and depths of contamination, and based on current cleanup guidelines for 232Th and 226Ra, about 2000 m3 of contaminated material would require removal for the ARC site to comply with guidelines. Cleanup of approximately 5 m3 of above-guideline contamination in two sumps, one drain, and associated piping also would be required. In addition, nine site buildings contained scattered above-guideline contamination on floors and/or walls, in trenches and drains, and on equipment. Decontaminatiod drains, and on equipment. Decontamination could be accomplished with the removal of approximately 1 m3 of surface material, plus decontamination of drains, trenches, and equipment as appropriate

238

Seismic reflection, multi-offset VSP and gravity survey in Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the 1st phase of Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate, Horonobe Underground Research Unit (before October 1, 2005: Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, Horonobe Underground Research Center) was carried out following three geophysical surveys in FY2004. (1) Seismic Reflection Survey. (2) Multi-Offset VSP Survey. (3) Gravity Survey. This document presents the outline and results of these geophysical surveys. (author)

239

Does dissemination extend beyond publication: a survey of a cross section of public funded research in the UK  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK, most funding bodies now expect a commitment or effort on the part of grant holders to disseminate the findings of their research. The emphasis is on ensuring that publicly funded research is made available, can be used to support decision making, and ultimately improve the quality and delivery of healthcare provided. In this study, we aimed to describe the dissemination practices and impacts of applied and public health researchers working across the UK. Methods We conducted a survey of 485 UK-based principal investigators of publicly funded applied and public health research. Participants were contacted by email and invited to complete an online questionnaire via an embedded URL. Gift vouchers were given to all participants who completed the questionnaire. Four reminder emails were sent out to non-respondents at one, two, three, and four weeks; a fifth postal reminder was also undertaken. Results A total of 243/485 (50% questionnaires were returned (232 completed, 11 declining to participate. Most researchers recognise the importance of and appear committed to research dissemination. However, most dissemination activity beyond the publishing of academic papers appears to be undertaken an ad hoc fashion. There is some evidence that access to dissemination advice and support may facilitate more policy interactions; though access to such resources is lacking at an institutional level, and advice from funders can be variable. Although a minority of respondents routinely record details about the impact of their research, when asked about impact in relation to specific research projects most were able to provide simple narrative descriptions. Conclusions Researchers recognise the importance of and appear committed to disseminating the findings of their work. Although researchers are focussed on academic publication, a range of dissemination activities are being applied albeit in an ad hoc fashion. However, what constitutes effective dissemination (in terms of impact and return on investment remains unclear. Researchers need greater and clearer guidance on how best to plan, resource, and facilitate their dissemination activities.

Calnan Michael W

2010-08-01

240

Psychometric evaluation of the SF-36 (v.2 questionnaire in a probability sample of Brazilian households: results of the survey Pesquisa Dimensões Sociais das Desigualdades (PDSD, Brazil, 2008  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In Brazil, despite the growing use of SF-36 in different research environments, most of the psychometric evaluation of the translated questionnaire was from studies with samples of patients. The purpose of this paper is to examine if the Brazilian version of SF-36 satisfies scaling assumptions, reliability and validity required for valid interpretation of the SF-36 summated ratings scales in the general population. Methods 12,423 individuals and their spouses living in 8,048 households were selected from a stratified sample of all permanent households along the country to be interviewed using the Brazilian SF-36 (version 2. Psychometric tests were performed to evaluate the scaling assumptions based on IQOLA methodology. Results Data quality was satisfactory with questionnaire completion rate of 100%. The ordering of the item means within scales clustered as hypothesized. All item-scale correlations exceeded the suggested criteria for reliability with success rate of 100% and low floor and ceiling effects. All scales reached the criteria for group comparison and factor analysis identified two principal components that jointly accounted for 67.5% of the total variance. Role emotional and vitality were strongly correlated with physical and mental components, respectively, while social functioning was moderately correlated with both components. Role physical and mental health scales were, respectively, the most valid measures of the physical and mental health component. In the comparisons between groups that differed by the presence or absence of depression, subjects who reported having the disease had lower mean scores in all scales and mental health scale discriminated best between the two groups. Among those healthy and with one, two or three and more chronic illness, the average scores were inverted related to the number of diseases. Body pain, general health and vitality were the most discriminating scales between healthy and diseased groups. Higher scores were associated with individuals of male sex, age below 40 years old and high schooling. Conclusions The Brazilian version of SF-36 performed well and the findings suggested that it is a reliable and valid measure of health related quality of life among the general population as well as a promising measure for research on health inequalities in Brazil.

Vasconcellos Miguel M

2011-08-01

241

Questionnaire survey of hospitals in Saitama Prefecture regarding the shortage of 99mTc-labeled radiopharmaceuticals and 99Mo/99mTc generators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A questionnaire survey was conducted at all 32 hospitals in Saitama Prefecture to investigate the current difficult situation in terms of nuclear medicine management in the face of the 99mTc shortage due to insufficient supply, and 29 hospitals (90.6%) replied. Of the 29, 15 (51.7%) reported a reduction in the number of nuclear medicine studies performed due to the shortage of supply, although the reduction was small. The decrease per month was less than 20 studies in 73% of the institutions. Of the nuclear medicine studies that involve the use of 99mTc, the studies whose reduction in number most seriously affected patient management were, in decreasing order: 99mTc-macro-aggregated albumin (MAA) lung perfusion scans, 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3), 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), or 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renoscans, 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scans, 99mTc-hexamethyl propylene amine oxime (HMPAO) or ethylcysteinate dimer (ECD) brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies, 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) or tetrofosmin myocardial SPECT studies, 99mTc-radiocolloid sentinel lymphoscintigraphy, 99mTc-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid human serum albumin (HSA-D) or pyrophosphate bleeding scans, 99mTc-galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) hepatic functyl human serum albumin (GSA) hepatic function reserve scans, and 99mTc-MIBI parathyroid scans. The reduction is probably ascribable to factors such as cancellations of emergency studies, absence of substitute studies, sequential studies using the same radiopharmaceutical, and higher cost of the syringe-type products than the vial-type products. Substitutes for 99mTc studies were performed at 52% (15/29) of the institutions. Myocardial perfusion imaging with 201Tl chloride was the most common substitute study. The results of this survey suggested the several procedures to resolve the issues related to the shortage. The staffs at all institutions except one gave the impression that their nuclear medicine ordering systems had been greatly affected by the shortage of supply. This adverse circumstance, however, may provide a good opportunity to educate the public about nuclear medicine studies that use 99mTc and SPECT, with which citizen are now unfamiliar. (author)

242

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1993  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1993. No activity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 mSv, which is one per cent of the dose limit for long term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council. A list of previous environmental survey reports is attached. 22 refs., 21 tabs., 4 figs

243

Survey of Community Engagement in NIH-Funded Research  

OpenAIRE

Community engagement is an innovative and required component for Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs) funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). However, the extent of community engagement in NIH-funded research has not been previously examined. This study assessed baseline prevalence of community engagement activities among NIH-funded studies at a large Midwestern university with a CTSA. An online survey was e-mailed to principal investigators of recent NIH-funded studie...

Hood, Nancy E.; Brewer, Tracy; Jackson, Rebecca; Wewers, Mary Ellen

2010-01-01

244

Survey of research reports in transportation modelling. Part 1:  

OpenAIRE

A survey of research reports in transportation modelling in two parts. Part one is devided in reports concerning economic development and car mobility, analyzing large transportation data files and transportation planning and spatial development. Part two consists of reserach reports concerning optimization of public transport networks and road networks, time dependend assignment in road networks, sub-divided in models and hard and software and road traffic informatics and telematics.

Nijsse, A.; Wamsteker-andriessen, S. J.

1993-01-01

245

Survey of research reports in transportation modelling. Part 2:  

OpenAIRE

A survey of research reports in transportation modelling in two parts. Part one is devided in reports concerning economic development and car mobility, analyzing large transportation data files and transportation planning and spatial development. Part two consists of reserach reports concerning optimization of public transport networks and road networks, time dependend assignment in road networks, sub-divided in models and hard and software and road traffic informatics and telematics.

Nijsse, A.; Wamsteker-andriessen, S. J.

1993-01-01

246

SATISFACTION SURVEY OF MUSIC AGAINST DRUGS : Research Study  

OpenAIRE

This thesis was about the satisfaction of primary and junior high school students in Music Against Drugs. The thesis concentrated on planning and conducting the customer satisfaction research by both a survey and an interview. This data was then analyzed and proper recommendations were given. Music Against Drugs is an event promoted and sold by Ace Revolutions. It includes a school week educating about the harms of drug use in a friendly and enjoyable way, followed by a an evening event with ...

Ja?ntti, Jukka

2011-01-01

247

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR STUDENTS FROM FACULTIES OF DENTAL MEDICINE IN BULGARIA REGARDING THEIR MOTIVATION FOR PARTICIPATION IN AND THE WAY THEY ARE FAMILIAR WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS.  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: In recent years there has been a significant increase in the number and value of projects implemented by medical universities in Bulgaria. The involvement of representatives of the student community in the research teams increases their knowledge and skills and in this way they also gain experience in team work and become motivated to further develop their science careers. Aim: The purpose of our study is by analyzing data from our questionnaire to examine the level of students?...

Svetoslav Garov; Maria Dencheva; Angelina Kisselova

2013-01-01

248

Constructing and validating a questionnaire for an international comparative analysis of teachers' conceptions of biology, health and environment : the european project of research Biohead-Citizen  

OpenAIRE

This workshop intends to discuss how a large international questionnaire should be constructed to be applied in several countries with different cultural background and languages. We will present and discuss the methodology used in our European research project Biohead-Citizen to analyse the conceptions of in-service and pre-service teachers in 18 countries concerning biological, health and environmental issues. We will work on some specific examples coming from this project. The several ...

Cle?ment, Pierre; Laurent, Charline; Carvalho, Grac?a Simo?es

2007-01-01

249

Survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report documents the results of a survey of domestic research on superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) undertaken with the support of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Superconductivity Pilot Center. Each survey entry includes the following: Name, address, and other telephone and facsimile numbers of the principal investigator and other staff members; funding for fiscal year 1991, 1992, 1993; brief descriptions of the program, the technical progress to date, and the expected technical progress; a note on any other collaboration. Included with the survey are recommendations intended to help DOE decide how best to support SMES research and development (R ampersand D). To summarize, I would say that important elements of a well-rounded SMES research program for DOE are as follows. (1) Construction of a large ETM. (2) Development of SMES as an enabling technology for solar and wind generation, especially in conjunction with the ETM program, if possible. (3) Development of small SMES units for electric networks, for rapid transit, and as noninterruptible power supplies [uses (2), (3), and (4) above]. In this connection, lightweight, fiber-reinforced polymer structures, which would be especially advantageous for space and transportation applications, should be developed. (4) Continued study of the potential impacts of high-temperature superconductors on SMES, with construction as soon as feasible of small SMES units using high-temperature superconductors (HTSs)

250

PARTAKE Survey of Public Knowledge and Perceptions of Clinical Research in India  

Science.gov (United States)

Background A public that is an informed partner in clinical research is important for ethical, methodological, and operational reasons. There are indications that the public is unaware or misinformed, and not sufficiently engaged in clinical research but studies on the topic are lacking. PARTAKE – Public Awareness of Research for Therapeutic Advancements through Knowledge and Empowerment is a program aimed at increasing public awareness and partnership in clinical research. The PARTAKE Survey is a component of the program. Objective To study public knowledge and perceptions of clinical research. Methods A 40-item questionnaire combining multiple-choice and open-ended questions was administered to 175 English- or Hindi-speaking individuals in 8 public locations representing various socioeconomic strata in New Delhi, India. Results Interviewees were 18–84 old (mean: 39.6, SD±16.6), 23.6% female, 68.6% employed, 7.3% illiterate, 26.3% had heard of research, 2.9% had participated and 58.9% expressed willingness to participate in clinical research. The following perceptions were reported (% true/% false/% not aware): ‘research benefits society’ (94.1%/3.5%/2.3%), ‘the government protects against unethical clinical research’ (56.7%/26.3%/16.9%), ‘research hospitals provide better care’ (67.2%/8.7%/23.9%), ‘confidentiality is adequately protected’ (54.1%/12.3%/33.5%), ‘participation in research is voluntary’ (85.3%/5.8%/8.7%); ‘participants treated like ‘guinea pigs’’ (20.7%/53.2%/26.0%), and ‘compensation for participation is adequate’ (24.7%/12.9%/62.3%). Conclusions Results suggest the Indian public is aware of some key features of clinical research (e.g., purpose, value, voluntary nature of participation), and supports clinical research in general but is unaware of other key features (e.g., compensation, confidentiality, protection of human participants) and exhibits some distrust in the conduct and reporting of clinical trials. Larger, cross-cultural surveys are required to inform educational programs addressing these issues. PMID:23874712

Burt, Tal; Dhillon, Savita; Sharma, Pooja; Khan, Danish; MV, Deepa; Alam, Sazid; Jain, Sarika; Alapati, Bhavana; Mittal, Sanjay; Singh, Padam

2013-01-01

251

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1984. These results are satisfactory. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible annual dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is one per cent of the limit for long-term exposure that is recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council

252

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories 1982  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Results are presented of the environmental survey conducted in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1982. No radioactivity which could have originated from these laboratories was found in samples collected from possible human food chains. All low-level liquid and gaseous waste discharges were within authorised limits. The maximum possible dose to the general public from airborne waste discharges during this period is estimated to be less than 0.01 millisieverts, which is 1% of the most conservative limit recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council for exposure extending over many years

253

[Research into actual conditions and preventive care in periodontal disease. Relationship between questionnaire results and periodontal disease in youth].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of periodontal disease and the relationship between the results of questionnaire concerning periodontal disease and the actual periodontal condition in youth. The examination was carried out in three parts. In the first part, a questionnaire was conducted on 3,886 junior and senior high school students (12 to 18 years of age) living in Kawagoe, Japan. The questionnaire was composed by of items concerning habits of oral hygiene, periodontal symptoms, understanding of periodontal disease and history of diagnosis by dentist of periodontal disease. Secondary, mass intraoral examination was carried out on all objects. The examination covered gingival inflammation, periodontal probing depth, calculus, dental plaque, dental caries and malalignment. Lastly, we examined the relationship between the results of periodontal examination and questionnaire with the original periodontal classification. The following results were obtained: 1. As an example of items in questionnaire, 83.1% brushed their teeth more than two times daily. The understanding of oral hygiene concerning dental caries was improved, but concerning periodontal disease was still poor. 2. The symptom most frequently reported was gingival bleeding during tooth brushing (18.4%). 3. The percentage of persons with periodontal disease (moderate gingival inflammation and periodontal pocket 4 mm or deeper) was of the highest frequency at 13 years old. The proportion of males increased with the advanced state of periodontal disease. 4. A significant correlation was found (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001) between advanced state of periodontal disease and a decrease in tooth brushing time per day. 5. A significant correlation was found between the advance of periodontal disease and gingival bleeding on tooth brushing (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001). Similarly, a correlation was found between the advance of periodontal disease and gingival swelling (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001). 6. A significant correlation was found (chi 2-test: alpha less than 0.001) between the advance of periodontal disease and aggravation of condition of dental plaque, calculus, dental caries and malalignment. PMID:2489556

Nakashima, K; Kurihara, C; Kawanaga, T; Kurihashi, Y; Ohsawa, K; Onodera, O; Shimoyama, M; Watanabe, Y; Ikeda, K

1989-12-01

254

Fuel consumption during external transportation of agricultural products by tractor. Survey using questionnaires. Braendstofforbrug ved ekstern transport af landbrugsprodukter med traktor. Spoergeundersoegelse  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There are as yet no stastistics available on transport by road of agricultural products such as sugar beets, corn, fertilizers, straw, pigs, animal foodstuffs etc. in Denmark. The aim has been to conduct a preliminary examination of the extent of transportation in relation to farms, and to evaluate possibilities for saving fuel and the appropriateness of further research on this subject. The survey took place in the period from mid-July until September 1st in 1988 and covered 39 farms where transportation amounted in all to 90.000 tons and fuel consumption reached the amount of 76.082 liters used by tractors, harvesters etc. It was concluded that transportation techniques could be considerably improved so that overall fuel consumption would be decreased by 10-15%, ie. 3-4.5 mio.liters per annum, but considered that further research in this area would not be advantageous. Yet it is strongly recommended that research is continued on transportation by tractor, and deduced that if techniques were to be improved specifically in relation to this form of agricultural transportation, fuel consumption could be significantly reduced. (AB).

Nielsen, V.

1989-01-01

255

Prioritising neonatal medicines research: UK Medicines for Children Research Network scoping survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The dosing regimen and indications for many medicines in current use in neonatology are not well defined. There is a need to prioritise research in this area, but currently there is little information about which drugs are used in UK neonatal units and the research needs in this area as perceived by UK neonatologists. Methods The Neonatal Clinical Studies Group (CSG) of the Medicines for Children Research Network (MCRN) undertook a 2 week prospective scoping survey study t...

Hawcutt Daniel B; Lewis Sara; Turner Mark A; Field D

2009-01-01

256

Researchers' opinions towards the communication of results of biobank research: a survey study  

OpenAIRE

Eighty Dutch investigators (response 41%) involved in biobank research responded to a web-based survey addressing communication of results of biobank research to individual participants. Questions addressed their opinion towards an obligation to communicate results and related issues such as ownership of blood samples, privacy, therapeutic relationship, costs and implications for participants. Most researchers (74%) indicated that participants only have to be informed when results have implic...

Meulenkamp, Tineke M.; Gevers, Sjef Jk; Bovenberg, Jasper A.; Smets, Ellen Ma

2011-01-01

257

Green Cellular Networks: A Survey, Some Research Issues and Challenges  

CERN Document Server

Energy efficiency in cellular networks is a growing concern for cellular operators to not only maintain profitability, but also to reduce the overall environment effects. This emerging trend of achieving energy efficiency in cellular networks is motivating the standardization authorities and network operators to continuously explore future technologies in order to bring improvements in the entire network infrastructure. In this article, we present a brief survey of methods to improve the power efficiency of cellular networks, explore some research issues and challenges and suggest some techniques to enable an energy efficient or "green" cellular network. Since base stations consume a maximum portion of the total energy used in a cellular system, we will first provide a comprehensive survey on techniques to obtain energy savings in base stations. Next, we discuss how heterogenous network deployment based on micro, pico and femto-cells can be used to achieve this goal. Since cognitive radio and cooperative rela...

Hasan, Ziaul; Bhargava, Vijay K

2011-01-01

258

Does organic food intervention in the Danish schools lead to change dietary patterns? : results of a web based questionnaire survey among Danish school food coordinatorsR  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Now, more than ever, there are serious health concerns for the growing prevalence of obese and overweight children. Schools are well suited setting for the learning of children and young people, and this influence has the potential to play an important role in preventing children from becoming obese and overweight. The school at the same time is the focus of public organic food supply strategies as well as the focus of innovation strategies that can increase the availability of healthier food options. These strategies in some cases go hand in hand. The purpose of this research was to examine whether organic food intervention strategies in school meal system could support the development of healthier eating patterns among children and adolescents. An important precondition for this is that the food environment becomes supportive for such eating. In the current study this was determined through the comparisons between the food strategies of “organic” school to that of “non organic” schools in Denmark.Provision of meals in Danish schools in not compulsory and function as an “value adding service” that schools and municipalities can decide on locally. Therefore the study was undertaken u among school food coordinators in selected Danish primary schools that was known to provide school meals. The study was conducted by means of a web-based questionnaire. The data shows the relations regarding the school food service between different types of schools, and also based on the ways and methods of food provision. Results indicate that organic food intervention strategies can be supportive for strategies that increase the healthiness of school eating environments. This eventually might play a positive role in the efforts done to counteract the development of obesity and overweight issues among the children in these selected Danish schools.

He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2010-01-01

259

Polymer matrix composites research: A survey of federally sponsored programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report identifies research conducted by agencies of the federal government other than the Department of Energy (DOE) in the area of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMCs). DOE commissioned the report to avoid duplicating other agencies' efforts in planning its own research program for PMCs. PMC materials consist of high-strength, short or continuous fibers fused together by an organic matrix. Compared to traditional structural metals, PMCs provide greater strength and stiffness, reduced weight and increased heat resistance. The key contributors to PMC research identified by the survey are the Department of Defense (DOD), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Department of Transportation (DOT). The survey identified a total of 778 projects. More than half of the total projects identified emphasize materials research with a goal toward developing materials with improved performance. Although an almost equal number of identified materials projects focus on thermosets and thermoplastics receive more attention because of their increased impact resistance and their easy formability and re-formability. Slightly more than one third of projects identified target structures research. Only 15 percent of the projects identified focus on manufacturing techniques, despite the need for efficient, economical methods manufacturing products constructed of PMCs--techniques required for PMCs to gain widespread acceptance. Three issues to be addressed concerning PMCs research are economy of use, improvements in processing, and education and training. Five target technologies have been identified that could benefit greatly from increased use of PMCs: aircraft fuselages, automobile frames, high-speed machinery, electronic packaging, and construction.

1990-06-01

260

Research results on DH-no.12 of trail drilling excavation and its survey research. A rapid report. Research report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Tono Geoscience Center, as a part of the stratum science research, study on wide area groundwater flow was carried out since 1992 fiscal year. This study aims at development on survey and analytical technology required for elucidation of groundwater flow till underground depth and water quality and development on technique to evaluate validity on its survey and analytical results, for objective of an area with 10 km x 10 km containing the Tono mine. This report is a summary on outline of results on trial drilling excavation and various survey researches carried out at DH-no.12 hole excavated on the 12th trial drilling for the study. This hole is excavated at Hida-cho in Toki-city, Gifu prefecture, and has 715.82 m in depth of its excavation. Here were reported on geological outlines, and results on trial drilling excavation and its survey research. (G.K.)

261

Research results on DH-no.13 of trial drilling excavation and its survey research. A rapid report. Research report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Tono Geoscience Center, as a part of the stratum science research, study on wide area groundwater flow was carried out since 1992 fiscal year. This study aims at development on survey and analytical technology required for elucidation of groundwater flow till underground depth and water quality and development on technique to evaluate validity on its survey and analytical results, for objective of an area with 10 km x 10 km containing the Tono mine. This report is a summary on outline of results on trial drilling excavation and various survey researches carried out at DH-no.13 hole excavated on the 13th trial drilling for the study. This hole is excavated at Hiyoshi-cho in Mizunami-city, Gifu prefecture, and has 1015.05 m in depth of its excavation. Here were reported on geological outlines, and results on trial drilling excavation and its survey research. (G.K.)

262

Survey of biomass gasification. Volume III. Current technology and research  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This survey of biomass gasification was written to aid the Department of Energy and the Solar Energy Research Institute Biological and Chemical Conversion Branch in determining the areas of gasification that are ready for commercialization now and those areas in which further research and development will be most productive. Chapter 8 is a survey of gasifier types. Chapter 9 consists of a directory of current manufacturers of gasifiers and gasifier development programs. Chapter 10 is a sampling of current gasification R and D programs and their unique features. Chapter 11 compares air gasification for the conversion of existing gas/oil boiler systems to biomass feedstocks with the price of installing new biomass combustion equipment. Chapter 12 treats gas conditioning as a necessary adjunct to all but close-coupled gasifiers, in which the product is promptly burned. Chapter 13 evaluates, technically and economically, synthesis-gas processes for conversion to methanol, ammonia, gasoline, or methane. Chapter 14 compiles a number of comments that have been assembled from various members of the gasifier community as to possible roles of the government in accelerating the development of gasifier technology and commercialization. Chapter 15 includes recommendations for future gasification research and development.

None

1980-04-01

263

Environmental survey at the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1981  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This survey of environmental conditions in the neighbourhood of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories during 1981 indicates no significant radiological hazard to the general public. This result is consistent with the fact that controlled airborne and liquid effluent releases throughout the year were maintained within the authorised limits, and also indicates that there were no significant accidental releases. Residual cobalt-60 and zinc-65 activity in the Woronora River has decreased since the cessation of controlled liquid effluent discharges in 1980. No trends are obvious, in any of the data, which could lead to future problems from continued operation on the present scale

264

A survey of anthelmintic resistance on ten sheep farms in Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe : research communication  

OpenAIRE

A survey to detect anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep was conducted on 10 randomly-distributed farms in the Chivhu District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe. Before the survey, a questionnaire was circulated to the farmers concerning nematode parasite control. Results showed that parasite control using anthelmintic treatment was the only method practised and that the benzimidazoles were the most frequently used anthelmintic drugs. The faecal egg count reduction test wa...

Mukaratirwa, S.; Charakupa, R.; Hove, T.

2012-01-01

265

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. Survey and research program in fiscal year 2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This booklet is the one on survey and research program in fiscal year 2001 of The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project explained to Horonobe-machi and Hokkaido on April 5 and 6, 2001 by the Underground Research Group of the Horonobe Underground Research Center, according to the eighth article of the 'Agreement on the deep underground research in Horonobe-machi' concluded on November 16, 2000. This program aims at confirming technical reliability on geological disposal through tests and researches at actual stratum and preparing a site for common peoples' visits to and experiences of the deep underground. And, the obtained results are intended to reflect to disposal business of the Horonobe Underground Research Center and safety regulation and so on performed by the government, together with results of the stratum science research at the Tono Geoscience Center, of geological disposal Rand D at the Tokai Works, or of international collaborations. In this program, geo-science research and geological disposal R and D are carried out, where the former contains technical development on geological environment survey, development on geological environment monitoring technique, research on long-term stability of geological environment, and development on foundation of engineering technique at deep underground, and the latter contains verification on engineering technique of engineered barrier and so on, development on detailed design method of underground disposal led design method of underground disposal facility, and upgrading on reliability of safety evaluation method. (G.K.)

266

Survey validity of translation for Persian and cultural adaptation of Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS questionnaire in multiple sclerosis patients in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract   Background and Aim: Fatigue is one of the most common problem of multiple sclerosis. It is a sign of inefficiency in the physical, social, and cognitive function. It is a major factor in limiting the responsibilities of social work of patients.The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS in Iranian and create an appropriate tool for measuring the impact of fatigue and effectiveness of treatment and also rehabilitation interventions on fatigue in Iranian patients.   Materials and Methods: In order to use the FIS in Iranian patients, the forward  and backward translation and assessing the patient's perspective was done and the Persian version of the questionnaire was prepared.   Results: The questionnaire was completed by twenty patients with multiple sclerosis. The time duration of filling out of each questionnaire took ten to twenty minutes .The final corrections was carried out. All questions of patients was acceptable and understandable and questions of "sexual activity" was completed only by married patients. The question of "financial support" was completed only by employed person (working people. Finally, as much as possible, this questionnaire was adapted with Iranian culture and sentences were confirmed by MAPI Institute.   Conclusion: Persian version of the FIS is an appropriate tool for measuring the impact of fatigue, effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation interventions on fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis.   Key words: Multiple sclerosis, fatigue, Fatigue Impact Scale, Forward translation and backward translation, Cultural adaptation

Marzieh Heidari

2012-12-01

267

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

268

Investigative report, science committee of Aggregate corporation Radiological technologist society of the Oita prefecture. Questionnaires research on security control of department of radiological technology of medical facilities in the Oita prefecture. The second report. Research on high risk incident measures  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Oita association of radiological technologists carried out the questionnaires about the measures against high lisk incidental in department of radiological technology at the medical facilities in Oita. We distributed the questionnaire to 102 facilities, which are worked by the technologists (member), and got response from 91 facilities (89%). Research contents are Patient verification method'' ''Input and verification of patient attribute'' ''Infection in hospital'' ''Stumbles and falls of patient'' Contrast enhancement CT'' ''Something related to pacemaker'' ''MRI inspection and the magnetic substance'' ''Remedy mistake'' and ''Risk management''. The Result, Low level recognition contents of medical accident measures are ''Contrast enhancement CT'' ''Stumbles and falls of patient'' Risk management of department of radiological technology''. (author)

269

Recognition of malfunction of implantable cardiac pacemaker due to X-ray irradiation by medical radiological technologists. Analysis of the questionnaire survey by new graduate from schools of technologists  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Malfunction of an implanted cardiac pacemaker may be caused by X-ray irradiation techniques such as CT scan. However, it is not clear whether this phenomenon is well recognized by medical radiological technologists. However, this issue was included on the 2008 examinations for national board of the medical radiological technologist. To determine the percentage of radiological technologists who recognize this cause of pacemaker malfunction, we conducted questionnaire survey regarding pacemaker malfunction among new graduates undergoing the national board examination. A total of 296 graduates from 7 schools for medical radiological technologists were surveyed. The questionnaire item was 'what did you choose as the answer to the question related to this issue on the 2008 examination for national board.' Of 296 graduates, only 167 (56.4%) could answer correctly. The percentage of graduates answering correctly ranged from 11 to 96% among the 7 schools. Implanted cardiac pacemaker malfunction following X-ray irradiation is one of the important adverse effects of irradiation and is essential knowledge for radiological technologists. Although the percentage of correct responses to this question from the national board was not announced, our survey indicated a very important finding, and the teaching method regarding this issue requires immediate revision. (author)

270

1998 National Gun Policy Survey of the National Opinion Research Center: Research Findings  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research in 1999 released a final report based on the research findings of a national survey on gun policies. The 64-page study reports on topics such as the regulation of firearms, gun ownership and use, knowledge and attitudes toward guns, gun violence, and safety issues. The report includes thirteen statistical tables and concludes that the American public strongly supports "legislation to regulate firearms, make guns safer, and reduce the accessibility of firearms to criminals and children."

Smith, Tom W.

271

Community-based Participatory Research in the California Health Interview Survey  

OpenAIRE

Introduction The California Health Interview Survey, the largest state health survey in the United States, uses community-based participatory research principles to develop each cycle. Other large-scale health surveys rarely include participatory research approaches. Every 2 years, the California Health Interview Survey generates state and local population-based data on health insurance coverage, access to health care, chronic disease prevalence and management, health behaviors and disease pr...

E Richard Brown, Phd; Sue Holtby, Mph; Elaine Zahnd, Phd; George B Abbott, Md

2005-01-01

272

A Survey: Recent Advances and Future Trends in Honeypot Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a survey on recent advances in honeypot research from a review of 80+ papers on honeypots and related topics mostly published after year 2005. This paper summarizes 60 papers that had significant contribution to the field. In reviewing the literature, it became apparent that the research can be broken down into five major areas: ? new types of honeypots to cope with emergent new security threats, ? utilizing honeypot output data to improve the accuracy in threat detections, ? configuring honeypots to reduce the cost of maintaining honeypots as well as to improve the accuracy in threat detections, ? counteracting honeypot detections by attackers, and ? legal and ethical issues in using honeypots. Our literature reviews indicate that the advances in the first four areas reflect the recent changes in our networking environments, such as those in user demography and the ways those diverse users use new applications. Our literature reviews on legal and ethical issues in using honeypots reveals that there has not been widely accepted agreement on the legal and ethical issues about honeypots, which must be an important agenda in future honeypot research.

Matthew L. Bringer

2012-09-01

273

Report of radioactivity survey research in fiscal year 1991  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, as a part of the radioactivity investigation research by Science and Technology Agency, the investigation of the environment radioactivity due to the radioactive fallout accompanying nuclear explosion experiments and the radioactive substances released from nuclear power facilities and these safety analysis have been continuously carried out since 1959. Nowadays, accompanying the remarkable development of the peaceful utilization of atomic energy, the interest of people in environment radioactivity has heightened. The importance of safety research in atomic energy utilization and importance of radioactivity investigation research as the basis of the effect to environment and people become higher. In the circumstances like this, in fiscal year 1991, the budget of more than 113 million yen was appropriated, and the investigation of the radioactivity level and dose in environment, foods and human bodies, the investigation of the level around nuclear facilities, the business of radioactivity data center, the basic investigation on the evaluation of radioactivity survey results, the training of engineers and so on were carried out. Those results are summarized. (J.P.N.)

274

VERIFICATION SURVEY ACTIVITIES IN FS SURVEY UNITS 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 & 14 AT THE SEPARATIONS PROCESS RESEARCH UNIT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

FINAL INTERIM REPORT VERIFICATION SURVEY ACTIVITIES IN FINAL STATUS SURVEY UNITS 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 AND 14 AT THE SEPARATIONS PROCESS RESEARCH UNIT, Niskayuna, New York 0496-SR-03-0. The Separations Process Research Unit (SPRU) facilities were constructed in the late 1940s to research the chemical separation of plutonium and uranium. SPRU operated between February 1950 and October 1953. The research activities ceased following the successful development of the reduction/oxidation and plutonium/uranium extraction processes that were subsequently used by the Hanford and the Savannah River sites.

M.G. JADICK

2010-05-26

275

THE QUESTIONNAIRE ON SOCIOCULTURAL CONTEXT IN EATING DISORDERS DEVELOPED BY MACIEJ PILECKI AND BARBARA JÓZEFIK - A SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT STAGE OF WORK ON THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. To create the most coherent version of the scales of The Questionnaire on Sociocultural Context developed by Maciej Pilecki and Barbara Józefik and to assess the relationship that they have with disordered eating and eating disorders. Method. Firstly, a factor analysis on selected items of the research instrument based on a population of 614 girls attending Krakow schools was conducted. Then, in the same group, an analysis of the relationship between the obtained factors and the results of the Polish version of the The Eating Attitude Test (EAT26 was performed. Subsequently, a comparison of the obtained factors was conducted between 47 teenage female patients diagnosed with restrictive anorexia nervosa, 16 diagnosed with binge/purge anorexia, 34 with a diagnosis of bulimia and 76 schoolgirls with a low risk of presenting eating disorders (EAT26?19 points. Results. Coherent 7-scaled factorial structure of the tool including 32 out of 62 of the items of the questionnaire was obtained, relating to areas such as: the importance of thinness and media pressure on it, pressure for thinness, family success, a negative assessment of family context, the importance of control, the cultural importance of the problem, peer group pressure. The created scales retain 50.4% common factor variance and the achieved Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the scales were as follows respectively: 0.747; 0.850; 0.737; 0.617; 0.593; 0.668; 0.544. Obtained scales significantly differentiated the girls in the context of the prevalence of disturbed eating and eating disorders, particularly the girls with bulimic symptoms. Conclusions. The results of the current stage of work on the in strument are promising. However, the questionnaire does require further transformations.

Pilecki, Maciej

2014-06-01

276

Researchers' opinions towards the communication of results of biobank research: a survey study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Eighty Dutch investigators (response 41%) involved in biobank research responded to a web-based survey addressing communication of results of biobank research to individual participants. Questions addressed their opinion towards an obligation to communicate results and related issues such as ownership of blood samples, privacy, therapeutic relationship, costs and implications for participants. Most researchers (74%) indicated that participants only have to be informed when results have implications for treatment or prevention. Researchers were generally not inclined to provide more feedback to patients as compared with healthy participants, nor were they inclined to provide feedback in return for participants' contribution to the biobank. Our results demonstrate major and significant differences in opinion about the feedback of individual results within the community of biobank researchers. PMID:22126749

Meulenkamp, Tineke M; Gevers, Sjef J K; Bovenberg, Jasper A; Smets, Ellen M A

2012-03-01

277

Regulator and industry Co-operation on safety research: challenges and opportunities. Final report and answers to questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A Group has been set up by the CSNI to identify and review the issues which hinder closer co-operation on research between regulators and industry, and to propose possible ways for resolving such issues while maintaining regulatory independence in decision-making. The Group has analyzed the potential advantages and disadvantages of regulator-industry collaboration in safety research and has also provided indications on how to overcome possible difficulties that can arise from such collaboration. The Group focused in particular on the issue of regulator independence, on means to preserve it and ways to demonstrate it to the public while undertaking collaboration with industry

278

Multipath routing in wireless sensor networks: survey and research challenges.  

Science.gov (United States)

A wireless sensor network is a large collection of sensor nodes with limited power supply and constrained computational capability. Due to the restricted communication range and high density of sensor nodes, packet forwarding in sensor networks is usually performed through multi-hop data transmission. Therefore, routing in wireless sensor networks has been considered an important field of research over the past decade. Nowadays, multipath routing approach is widely used in wireless sensor networks to improve network performance through efficient utilization of available network resources. Accordingly, the main aim of this survey is to present the concept of the multipath routing approach and its fundamental challenges, as well as the basic motivations for utilizing this technique in wireless sensor networks. In addition, we present a comprehensive taxonomy on the existing multipath routing protocols, which are especially designed for wireless sensor networks. We highlight the primary motivation behind the development of each protocol category and explain the operation of different protocols in detail, with emphasis on their advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, this paper compares and summarizes the state-of-the-art multipath routing techniques from the network application point of view. Finally, we identify open issues for further research in the development of multipath routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. PMID:22368490

Radi, Marjan; Dezfouli, Behnam; Abu Bakar, Kamalrulnizam; Lee, Malrey

2012-01-01

279

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report summarises the results from the environmental survey during 1992 and assesses the effects of radioactive discharges on both local population and the environment. None of the samples taken from possible human food chains in the vicinity of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories contained radioactivity which could be attributed to the operation of the site. The data presented din this report clearly shows that the environmental impact of operations at LHRL has been very low. The effective dose to residents living in the immediate neighbourhood of the reactor are very difficult to measure directly but calculated dose estimates are far lower than those due to natural background radiation and medical exposures. Discharges of airborne radioactive gases were within authorised limits when averaged over the year. The dose to the most sensitive members of the public from iodine-131 releases, was -2 mSv/year and the calculated dose from released noble gases to the most exposed individuals was less than 0.01 mSv/year. These figures represent less than one per cent of the limits recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. The monthly average liquid effluent discharge to the Water Board Sewer during 1992 was less than 30 per cent of the permitted level for all periods except May which rose to 62 per cent. For tritium, the concentration was less than 2 per cent of the specified limit. 23 refs., 19 tabs., 5 tabs

280

Multipath Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks: Survey and Research Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A wireless sensor network is a large collection of sensor nodes with limited power supply and constrained computational capability. Due to the restricted communication range and high density of sensor nodes, packet forwarding in sensor networks is usually performed through multi-hop data transmission. Therefore, routing in wireless sensor networks has been considered an important field of research over the past decade. Nowadays, multipath routing approach is widely used in wireless sensor networks to improve network performance through efficient utilization of available network resources. Accordingly, the main aim of this survey is to present the concept of the multipath routing approach and its fundamental challenges, as well as the basic motivations for utilizing this technique in wireless sensor networks. In addition, we present a comprehensive taxonomy on the existing multipath routing protocols, which are especially designed for wireless sensor networks. We highlight the primary motivation behind the development of each protocol category and explain the operation of different protocols in detail, with emphasis on their advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, this paper compares and summarizes the state-of-the-art multipath routing techniques from the network application point of view. Finally, we identify open issues for further research in the development of multipath routing protocols for wireless sensor networks.

Marjan Radi

2012-01-01

281

Ethical Issues in Pharmacologic Research in Women Undergoing Pregnancy Termination: A Systemic Review and Survey of Researchers  

OpenAIRE

Objective. To evaluate the ethics of performing research in the field of maternal-fetal medicine involving women undergoing pregnancy termination. Methods. We identified published pharmacological studies performed during elective pregnancy termination. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to investigate whether this research would be acceptable to professionals performing research in the field of maternal-fetal pharmacology. Results. The majority of participants believe that th...

Gideon Koren; Christelle Gedeon; Nava-ocampo, Alejandro A.

2012-01-01

282

Survey of Postdoctorates at FFRDCs: Final Report [Federally Funded Research and Development Centers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The 2009 FFRDC survey collected the total number of postdocs employed by FFRDCs in the United States—categorized by source of support, citizenship, sex, and field of research—as of October 1, 2009. The universe for the 2009 GSS-FFRDC survey was the Master Government List of Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. The 2009 survey also contacted the NIH’s Intramural Research Program because it employs the largest number of postdocs in the federal government. The FFRDC survey collected data via a web instrument. Topics included the type of support the postdocs received (federal and nonfederal), their sex, citizenship, race/ethnicity, and field of research.

Mulrow, Jeri

2010-06-30

283

Current trends in use of intracanal medications in dental care facilities: questionnaire-based survey on training dental hygienists at educational institutions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The success of root canal therapy is dependent not only on removal of infected pulp (pulpectomy) followed by root canal enlargement, but also on the pharmacological effects of intracanal medications. Various intracanal medications are used. Formaldehyde preparations such as formocresol were common in the past, but these are no longer used in Europe or the US due to the biological toxicity of formaldehyde. In this study, a questionnaire was used to determine current trends in the use of intracanal medications at dental care facilities where dental hygiene students undergo practical training. The questionnaire comprised questions regarding the types of frequently used intracanal medications and their methods of application at dental care facilities in Saitama and Shizuoka prefectures. The results indicated that calcium hydroxide preparations were more commonly used in Europe or the US. However, these results also revealed that formaldehyde preparations were frequently used, which slightly differs from the scenario in Europe and the US. This study revealed that multiple intracanal medications were used for root canal therapy. Furthermore, it was also observed that cotton plugs were generally used as applicator tips for intracanal medications, whereas the use of absorbent paper points was relatively uncommon. The results suggest that the cost of absorbent paper points needs to be reduced. PMID:23614952

Furusawa, Masahiro; Yoshida, Takashi; Hosokawa, Souhei; Ariizumi, Yuugo

2013-01-01

284

Donor organ distribution according to urgency of need or outcome maximization in liver transplantation. A questionnaire survey among patients and medical staff.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low donor rates in Germany cause a trade-off between equity in the distribution of chances for survival and efficiency in dead-donor liver transplantation. Public attitudes concerning the principles that should govern organ allocation are of interest. We performed a questionnaire-based study among patients and medical staff. 1826 of 2200 questionnaires were returned. 79.2%, 67.1%, and 24.4% patients wanted to accept liver transplantation for themselves if expected 1-year survival was 80%, 50%, and 20%, respectively. 57.7% affirmed 'averting immediate risk of death (urgency) is a more important criterion for organ allocation than expected long-term success' (P = 0.002 against indifference). The majority of medical staff took the opposite decision. 20.7%, 8.8%, and 21.2% of patients chose 50%, 33%, and 10% as lowest acceptable 5-year survival, respectively. 49.3% accepted a survival of <10%. Variables associated with preferring urgency over efficiency as criterion for allocation were age (OR 1.009; 95% CI: 1.000-1.017; female gender (OR 1.331; 95%CI 0.992-1.784); higher education (OR 0.881; 95%CI 0.801-0.969); and refusal of transplantation for oneself (OR 1.719; 95%CI 1.272-2.324). Most patients supported urgency-based liver allocation. Patients and medical staff would accept lower survival rates than the transplant community. PMID:25557453

Umgelter, Katrin S; Tobiasch, Moritz; Anetsberger, Aida; Blobner, Manfred; Thorban, Stefan; Umgelter, Andreas

2015-04-01

285

[A questionnaire study among 171 medical candidates enrolled in a PhD program. Three elements in the PhD education: supervision, research courses and international relations].  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred and seventy-one medical doctors (median age 34 years) registered as Ph.D.-students at the Medical Faculty, University of Aarhus, were given a questionnaire concerning the Ph.D-program (91% reply rate). The Ph.D.-students had typically graduated four years before enrollment and had gained basic clinical experience. Eighty-four percent had been involved in research projects prior to their formal research education. In general, the Ph.D.-students found the supervision offered by senior researchers adequate, although, more Ph.D.-students in clinical than in preclinical departments would have liked their main supervisor to be more enthusiastic and have more specific expertise. By tradition, the Medical Faculty in Aarhus offers a broad introductory course on research methodology, this was appreciated by the Ph.D.-students. However, they found that too much time was allocated for this purpose. The Ministry of Education recommends that Ph.D.-students gain experience from international collaboration, preferably from a stay abroad. However, only 24% of Ph.D.-students had stayed at an international collaborating institution. Although the overall evaluation of the medical Ph.d.-program was positive, the Ph.D.-students pointed out weaknesses and conflicts requiring adjustment. PMID:9816962

Hauge, E M; Grønbaek, H

1998-11-01

286

CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN MOBILE PHONE SERVICES IN BANGLADESH: A SURVEY RESEARCH  

OpenAIRE

This study seeks to explore customer satisfaction and its influencing factors of the mobile phone operation industry in Bangladesh. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey form a diversified representative sample. An iterated factor analysis with principal component analysis (PCA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) including measurement model and structural model were applied to analyze data. The empirical results demonstrate that service quality and fair price have indirect in...

Mohammed Belal Uddin; Bilkis Akhter

2012-01-01

287

Monitoring ecosystems using research surveys:Maximizing information and minimizing cost  

OpenAIRE

Indices or estimates of abundance generated by research vessel surveys are becoming ever more important for assessing marine resources. Most often survey abundance indices are used in conjunction with commercial catch data to estimate fishing mortalities and stock size. However, for short-lived species (e.g. capelin) survey indices provide the only reliable information on stock development and even for long-lived species (e.g. cod), it has been shown that calibrated survey estimates tracked r...

Nakken, Odd; Pennington, Michael

2001-01-01

288

A study of risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1 in small poultry farms in Thailand using a questionnaire survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire was used to collect data on small poultry farm management and wild bird observed in poultry keeping areas to identify putative risk factors for infection with HPAI H5N1. The study was conducted in 2008 in four subdistricts of central Thailand that had experienced outbreaks of HPAI H5N1 in poultry. Descriptive and inferential analyses including univariable analyses and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify putative risk factors. Risk factors included purchasing native chickens/fighting cocks from commercial hatcheries, replacing or restocking birds individually, and observing lesser whistling ducks (Dendrocygna javanica) on the farm daily. Selecting healthy animals when purchasing animals to ensure that they were disease free was a protective factor. To fully understand the epidemiology of infection of small poultry farms with HPAI H5N1, control of movement of domestic poultry and serological and virological testing of the poultry population should be applied. PMID:22835016

Siengsanan-Lamont, J; Robertson, I D; Blacksell, S D; Ellis, T; Saengchoowong, S; Suwanpukdee, S; Yongyuttawichai, P; Cheewajorn, K; Jangjaras, J; Chaichoun, K; Wiriyarat, W; Ratanakorn, P

2013-05-01

289

Radiological imaging of the neck for initial decision-making in oral squamous cell carcinomas-A questionnaire survey in the Nordic countries  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background. Fast and accurate work-up is crucial to ensure the best possible treatment and prognosis for patients with head and neck cancer. The presence or absence of neck lymph node metastases is important for the prognosis and the choice of treatment. Clinical lymph node (N)-staging is done by palpation and diagnostic imaging of the neck. We investigated the current practice of the initial radiological work-up of patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) in the Nordic countries. Methods. A questionnaire regarding the availability and use of guidelines and imaging modalities for radiological N-staging in OSCC was distributed to 21 Head and Neck centres in Denmark (n = 4), Finland (n = 5), Iceland (n = 1), Norway (n = 4) and Sweden (n = 7). We also asked for a description of the radiological criteria for determining the lymph nodes as clinical positive (cN+) or negative (cN0). Results. All 21 Head and Neck centres responded to the questionnaire. Denmark and Finland have national guidelines, while Norway and Sweden have local or regional guidelines. Seventeen of the 19 centres with available guidelines recommended computed tomography (CT) of the cN0 neck. The waiting time may influence the imaging modalities used. Lymph node size was the most commonly used criteria for radiological cN+, but the cut-off measures vary from 0.8 to 2.0 cm. Conclusion. Overall, CT is the most commonly recommended and used imaging modality for OSCC. Despite availability of national guidelines the type and number of radiological examinations vary between centres within a country, but the implementation of a fast-track programme may facilitate fast access to imaging. The absence of uniform criteria for determining the lymph nodes of the neck as cN+ complicates the comparison of the accuracy of the imaging modalities. Well-defined radiological strategies and criteria are needed to optimise the radiological work-up in OSCC.

Norling, Rikke; Grau, Cai

2012-01-01

290

A survey of animal welfare needs in Soweto : research communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The diagnostic phase of an interactive research evaluation model was used in the investigation of the animal welfare needs of a low-income urban community in South Africa. Data were gathered by means of a structured interview and direct observations by animal welfare officers. During the survey of 871 animal owners in Soweto, it was found that dogs were owned by 778 households and cats by 88 households. The dog to human ratio was estimated at 1:12.4. Respondents were asked whether they enjoyed owning animals and 96.1 % said that they did. Only 26.3 % mentioned that they had problems with their own animals and 16.6 % had problems with other people's animals. Treatment of sick animals (29.7 % was seen as a priority. However, less than 1 % (n = 6 used the services of private veterinarians. Others took their animals to welfare organisations or did not have them treated. Perceptions of affordable costs of veterinary treatments were also recorded. In addition to treatment, respondents indicated a need for vaccination (22.5 %, sterilisation (16.5 %, control of internal (3.7 % and external (8.8 % parasites, education and extension (6.6 %, prevention of cruelty to animals (3.2 % and expansion of veterinary clinics to other parts of Soweto (1.3 %.

C.M.E. McCrindle

2012-07-01

291

The Claustrophobia Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

The content and psychometric properties of the Claustrophobia Questionnaire (CLQ) are described. An earlier version of the CLQ was developed to test the hypothesis that claustrophobia is comprised of two distinct but related fears--the fear of suffocation and the fear of restriction [J. Anxiety Disord. 7 (1993) 281.]. The scale was used to assess patients undergoing the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure [J. Behav. Med. 21 (1998) 255.] and in participants with panic disorder [J. Abnorm. Psychol. 105 (1996) 146; Taylor, S., Rachman, S., & Radomsky, A. S. (1996). The prediction of panic: a comparison of suffocation false alarm and cognitive theories. Unpublished data.]. On the basis of these studies, we decided to revise and shorten the CLQ, collect normative data, and provide information on the scale's predictive and discriminant validity as well as its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. This was done through a set of four interconnected studies that included psychometric analyses of undergraduate and community adult questionnaire responses and behavioural testing. Results indicate that the CLQ has good predictive and discriminant validity as well as good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The CLQ appears to be a reliable and sensitive measure of claustrophobia and its component fears. We encourage the use of the CLQ in a variety of clinical and research applications. The scale is provided in this paper for public use. PMID:11474815

Radomsky, A S; Rachman, S; Thordarson, D S; McIsaac, H K; Teachman, B A

2001-01-01

292

CAFES 2009 New Student Survey Report. Survey Research Center Report 2010/3  

Science.gov (United States)

During Academic Day, September 1, 2009, incoming freshmen and transfer students in the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences (CAFES) were asked to complete a one-page questionnaire designed to find out: (1) how they learned about UW-River Falls as an option for their tertiary education; (2) what factors most influenced their…

Speerstra, Mandy; Trechter, David

2010-01-01

293

USE OF INTERNET IN LIFE SCIENCE RESEARCH AMONGST TEACHERS & STUDENTS:A SURVEY  

OpenAIRE

Internet is an integral aspect of information and communication technology. It is becoming an indispensable tool for quality teaching, learning, in research, and in academic sectors. Its impact on education and research has been enormous. In the present study, extent of awareness of internet use amongst teachers and students of life science was determined. Evaluation of use of internet for research work was carried out. For this purpose, the self designed questionnaire was administered to t...

Deshpande, S. N.; Shagalolu, V. V.; Rao, K. R.; Kadam, D. G.

2013-01-01

294

Best Practices for Survey Research Reports Revisited: Implications of Target Population, Probability Sampling, and Response Rate  

OpenAIRE

Several papers have been published recently in the Journal addressing “best practices” for survey research manuscripts. This paper explores in more detail the effects of the target population size on sample size determination, probability sampling versus census approaches, and response rates and the relationship to potential nonresponse bias. Survey research is a complex methodology requiring expertise in the planning, execution, and analytic stages.

Draugalis, Jolaine Reierson; Plaza, Cecilia M.

2009-01-01

295

Prioritising neonatal medicines research: UK Medicines for Children Research Network scoping survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The dosing regimen and indications for many medicines in current use in neonatology are not well defined. There is a need to prioritise research in this area, but currently there is little information about which drugs are used in UK neonatal units and the research needs in this area as perceived by UK neonatologists. Methods The Neonatal Clinical Studies Group (CSG of the Medicines for Children Research Network (MCRN undertook a 2 week prospective scoping survey study to establish which medicines are used in UK neonatal units; how many babies are receiving them; and what clinicians (and other health professionals believe are important issues for future research. Results 49 out of 116 units responded to at least one element of the survey (42%. 37 units reported the number of neonates who received medicines over a 2 week period. A total of 3924 medicine-patient pairs were reported with 119 different medicines. 70% of medicine-patient pairs involved medicines that were missing either a license or dose for either term or preterm neonates. 4.3% of medicine-patient pairs involved medicines that were missing both license and dose for any neonate. The most common therapeutic gap in need of additional research identified by UK neonatologists was chronic lung disease (21 responding units, followed by patent ductus arteriosus and vitamin supplements (11 responding units for both Conclusion The research agenda for neonatal medicines can be informed by knowledge of current medicine use and the collective views of the neonatal community.

Hawcutt Daniel B

2009-08-01

296

Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario PCAS para evaluar la atención primaria de salud Validation of the Spanish version of the Primary Care Assessment Survey questionnaire  

OpenAIRE

OBJETIVO: Adaptar el cuestionario PCAS (del inglés Primary Care Assessment Survey) al idioma español y determinar su validez y su fiabilidad cuando se trata de identificar las debilidades y las fortalezas que se observan en la atención primaria de salud (APS). MÉTODOS: Estudio de adaptación y validación de un cuestionario-encuesta. Se seleccionó una muestra por conveniencia de 244 usuarios de servicios de APS, mayores de 18 años y con al menos dos visitas institucionales al momento de...

Narly Benachi Sandoval; Alejandro Castillo Martínez; Vilaseca Llobet, Josep M.; Susanna Torres Belmonte; Ester Risco Vilarasau

2012-01-01

297

Prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among Inner Mongolia medical students in China: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background To date, no study on smoking behavior of medical students in Inner Mongolia has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the 1-month prevalence of and factors associated with daily smoking among medical students in Inner Mongolia of China, to assist interventions designed to reduce the smoking behavior of medical college students in this region. Methods During December 2010 and January 2011 a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students a...

Bian Jiang; Du Maolin; Liu Zhiyue; Fan Yancun; Eshita Yuki; Sun Juan

2012-01-01

298

Safety culture assessment programme: Statistical analysis of a survey conducted at the IEA-R1 Brazilian research reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The present study describes the statistical analysis of a survey conducted among the employees of IEA-R1 research reactor to evaluate the current status of safety culture in this installation. IEA-R1 is a 5 MW pool type reactor, cooled and moderated by light water, and it uses graphite and beryllium as reflectors. First criticality was achieved on September 16, 1957 and the reactor has been operating regularly and safely for almost 46 years. The reactor building is located within the premises of IPEN/CNEN-SP, one of the Brazilian institutes for energy and nuclear research, inside the campus of the University of Sao Paulo. The operation, maintenance and irradiation services of IEA-R1 reactor are currently being administered by the Research Reactor Center. The safety culture assessment and enhancement programme of IEA-R1 was launched by the reactor management in 2002. An opinion survey was conducted in order to evaluate the employee's perception in relation to the safety culture of the organization. A questionnaire consisting, mainly, of statements about safety culture aspects was prepared. A total number of 34 individuals participated in the survey representing the personnel of the Operation and Maintenance Division, Irradiation Service Division as well as the technicians specialized in Radiation Protection. The statistical analysis of the survey was developed into three principal steps. In the first step, descriptive techniques were used to estimate paramete techniques were used to estimate parameters of the statistical distribution of the answers to each question of the questionnaire. In the second step, the aspects of safety culture to be investigated were defined by grouping these questions into issue areas. The safety culture aspects determined were: Priority to Safety, Top Management Involvement and Commitment to Safety, Employees' Attitude Towards Safety, Employees' Responsibilities and Commitment to Safety, Employees' Evaluation of Safety Culture Level, Conflict 'Absence of Safety x Reactor Production', Compliance with Regulations and Procedures, Quality of Documentation and Procedures, Openness and Communication, Training and Capabilities, Risk Prevention Notion, Working Conditions, Motivation and Job Satisfaction and Management of Safety. The final step of the analysis consisted of the calculation of the employees' satisfaction level regarding the safety culture aspects previously mentioned. For this latter purpose the Likert - Attitude Scoring Technique was adopted. In this work, the methodology will be described in further details as well as the results and conclusions will be discussed. It is relevant to mention that this analysis has been useful to identify problems and to establish an action plan aiming at the improvement of safety in all the activities performed at IEA-R1 reactor. (author)

299

2011 Internship & Co-Op Survey. Research Brief  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Association of Colleges and Employers' (NACE's) "2011 Internship & Co-op Survey" indicates that internships are an integral and ever-important part of the college recruiting scene. The survey finds that employers expect to increase internship hiring by about 7 percent this year and co-op positions by nearly 9 percent. Furthermore,…

National Association of Colleges and Employers (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

300

Summary of results of the patient exposures in diagnostic radiography in 2011 questionnaire. Focus on radiographic conditions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We carried out a questionnaire survey to research on radiographic conditions in 3000 institutes. We discussed on radiographic conditions to estimate patient exposures. The collection rate was 24.7%. Most of the institutes shifted to the use of high-voltage generator, digital devices, and filmless equipment. We did not see a shift in this survey of radiographic conditions compared with the 2007 survey. (author)

301

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of gastric cancer, duodenal ampullary cancer and gastrointestinal storomal tumor (GIST). Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the three cancers in the title (gastric cancer (GC), duodenal ampullary cancer (DAC) and gastrointestinal storomal tumor (GIST), respectively) is not approved in the health insurance despite their high morbidity in Japan. Clinical usefulness and economical effectiveness in PET diagnosis of these cancers were studied by questionnaire to facilities, where PET had been conducted for the cancers in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). Patients with GC were 173 cases (120 males, 53 females; mean age 65.3 y), with DAC, 10 (8, 2; 67.6 y), and with GIST, 15 (10, 5; 59.9 y). Obtained were the judgments in GC diagnosis of more useful in 47.4%, equally in 45.1% and less in 7.5%; in DAC, 20, 70 and 10%; and in GIST, 40, 46.7 and 13.3%, respectively. More useful was found in the primary lesion and useful, in the metastatic and recurrent lesions. FDG-PET could detect the latter lesions which had not been found by other imaging techniques, and such findings were thought to be also meaningful from the aspect of medical economics because of possible avoidance of inappropriate surgery and time reduction of hospitalization. (R.T.)

302

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors. Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the aspect of future additional approval of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the title tumors in the health insurance, its usefulness was studied by questionnaire to 18 facilities, where PET had been conducted for those tumors in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). Subjects were 75 cases (42 males, 33 females; 3-82 years old) in 20 diseases, which involved 21 cases of osteosarcoma, 7 of leiomyosarcoma, 8 of Ewing sarcoma, 6 of liposarcoma, 5 of hemangiosarcoma, 4 of synovial sarcoma, each 3 of rhabdomyosarcoma, giant cell tumor, Schwannoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, each 2 of chondrosarcoma, alveolar soft part sarcoma, each one of epithelioid sarcoma, endometrial storomal sarcoma, hibernoma, fibrosarcoma, multiple osteochondroma, sacral chondroma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis and neurofibromatosis. Obtained were the judgments of highly useful in 5 diseases, fairly useful in 4, useful in 3, and useful/inconclusive due to the only one case in 8. FDG-PET was thus found useful in all diseases examined. (R.T.)

303

Assessing Potential Risks of Influenza A Virus Transmission at the Pig-Human Interface in Thai Small Pig Farms Using a Questionnaire Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

Influenza A viruses pose a major public health threat worldwide, especially due to the potential for inter-species transmission. Farmers could be among the first people to be infected with a novel reassortant virus in a pig herd and may serve as a source of the virus for their communities. In this study, the pig production systems of smallholders in rural Thailand were examined to qualitatively evaluate the potential risks that may contribute to the spread of influenza A viruses. The investigation was based on questionnaire interviews regarding pig farmers' practices and trading activities. We found that extensive pig-human contacts, commingling of pigs and chickens and suboptimal biosecurity practices adopted by farmers and traders may constitute substantial risks for inter-species influenza virus transmission, thereby posing a threat to pig populations and human public health. The regular practices of using manure as field fertilizer, hiring boars from outside and trading activities could contribute to the potential spread of influenza viruses in the local community. To mitigate the potential risks of influenza A virus transmission and spread in the local community, it is recommended that appropriate public health strategies and disease prevention policies for farmers and traders should be developed including improving biosecurity, encouraging separation of animals raised on farms and minimizing the exposure between pigs and humans. Furthermore, surveillance systems for pig diseases should be targeted around the festival months, and on-farm identification of pigs should be promoted. PMID:24735120

Netrabukkana, P; Robertson, I D; Kasemsuwan, S; Wongsathapornchai, K; Fenwick, S

2014-04-16

304

Appropriate uses and considerations for online surveying in human dimensions research  

Science.gov (United States)

Online surveying has gained attention in recent years for its applicability to human dimensions research as an efficient and inexpensive data-collection method; however, online surveying is not a panacea. In this article, we provide some guidelines for alleviating or avoiding the criticisms and pitfalls suggested of online survey methods and explore two case studies demonstrating different approaches to online surveying. The first was a mixed-mode study of visitors to 52 participating National Wildlife Refuges. The response rate was 72%, with over half of respondents completing the survey online, resulting in cost-savings and efficiencies that would not have otherwise been realized. The second highlighted an online-only approach targeting specialized users of satellite imagery. Through branching and skipping, the online mode allowed flexibilities in administration impractical in a mail survey. The response rate of 53% was higher than typical for online surveys. Both case studies provide examples of appropriate uses of online surveying.

Sexton, Natalie R.; Miller, Holly M.; Dietsch, Alia M.

2011-01-01

305

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996 followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equal Opportuni...

2007-01-01

306

Equal Opportunities Questionnaire  

CERN Multimedia

The initiative to promote Equal Opportunities at CERN started in 1993. The first Equal Opportunities Officer was appointed in 1996, which was followed by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel in 1998. Initially the concern was mainly the fair treatment of women in the work-place. Today the emphasis has evolved to ensuring that diversity is used to increase creativity and productivity in the work-place. In order to ensure that all aspects of Equal Opportunities and Diversity are covered, CERN’s Equal Opportunities team has prepared a survey to obtain your input. Your answers are confidential and will only be used for generating statistics. The questionnaire is on-line and can be accessed via: https://espace.cern.ch/EOQ. We hope that you will take a few minutes of your time to give your input and would be grateful if you could reply before 15/10/07. For further information about Equal Opportunities at CERN see: http://cern.ch/equal-opportunities The Equa...

2007-01-01

307

Survey of organizational research climates in three research intensive, doctoral granting universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SOuRCe) is a new instrument that assesses dimensions of research integrity climate, including ethical leadership, socialization and communication processes, and policies, procedures, structures, and processes to address risks to research integrity. We present a descriptive analysis to characterize differences on the SOuRCe scales across departments, fields of study, and status categories (faculty, postdoctoral scholars, and graduate students) for 11,455 respondents from three research-intensive universities. Among the seven SOuRCe scales, variance explained by status and fields of study ranged from 7.6% (Advisor-Advisee Relations) to 16.2% (Integrity Norms). Department accounted for greater than 50% of the variance explained for each of the SOuRCe scales, ranging from 52.6% (Regulatory Quality) to 80.3% (Integrity Inhibitors). It is feasible to implement this instrument in large university settings across a broad range of fields, department types, and individual roles within academic units. Published baseline results provide initial data for institutions using the SOuRCe who wish to compare their own research integrity climates. PMID:25747692

Wells, James A; Thrush, Carol R; Martinson, Brian C; May, Terry A; Stickler, Michelle; Callahan, Eileen C; Klomparens, Karen L

2014-12-01

308

The use of the Delphi survey as a research tool in understanding church trends  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english In the practical theological research process, as in most disciplines, extant literature is vital in assisting a researcher to formulate a foundational understanding of the topic under review. A literature review is also valuable in understanding the meta-theoretical aspects of the research topic. W [...] hat does a researcher do, though, if there is little current literature on the topic under scrutiny? If there is a small corpus of literature around a subject, the Delphi method can serve as an extremely helpful research tool. This article discussed the use of the Delphi survey in a practical theological research endeavour and surveyed its history from inception to current usage. The article also reviewed the various types of Delphi survey and supported the use of the Lockean Delphi survey in this particular example of practical theological research. The article finished with an actual Delphi survey of Canadian Evangelical church pastors as an example of how the Delphi method can be used as a research tool in practical theology. The article concluded that the Delphi survey is an extremely useful research tool across the wide domain of social science research.

Robert L., Elkington; George, Lotter.

309

National Health Interview Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

... visit this page: About CDC.gov . National Health Interview Survey National Health Interview Survey About NHIS NHIS Questionnaire Redesign What's New ... Surveys and Data Collection Systems The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) has monitored the health of the ...

310

Usefulness of [18F]FDG-PET in diagnosis of 18 tumors unapproved in health insurance. Study with multi-center survey by questionnaire  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Usefulness of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) diagnosis of the title tumors is practically realized and their approval in the health insurance might be awaited. The actual state of the diagnosis to confirm its usefulness was studied by questionnaire to facilities, where PET had been conducted for those tumors in the period July, 2005-February, 2006. Major questions concerned the purpose and finding of PET, findings by other imaging means and by tumor markers, and judgment of PET effectiveness compared with other imaging (more useful, equally or less, and its reason). In 30 facilities that gave answers, subjects were 133 cases (3-86 years old) in 18 diseases, which involved 3 cases of neuroblastoma, 13 of pheochromocytoma, 2 of carcinoid, 12 malignant pleural mesothelioma, 2 of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, 13 of renal cell carcinoma, 2 of ureteral cancer, 4 of bladder cancer, 1 of Wilms' tumor, 24 of prostate cancer, 16 of testis tumor, 17 of mediastinal tumor, 5 of adrenal tumor, 5 of cutaneous tumor, 5 of extra-mammary Paget's disease, 7 of multiple myeloma, 1 of malignant fibrous histiocytoma and 1 of splenic hemangioma. Obtained were the judgments of highly useful in 10 diseases, fairly useful in 5, and useful in 3. Urological and cutaneous cancers above were subjected ones to their diagnosis of recurrence or metastasis postoperation, having given highly useful results, and thus FDG-PET was thought to be also highly uus FDG-PET was thought to be also highly useful in the postoperative follow-up. (R.T.)

311

Domains of disgust sensitivity: revisited factor structure of the questionnaire for the assessment of disgust sensitivity (QADS in a cross-sectional, representative german survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Disgust sensitivity is defined as a predisposition to experiencing disgust, which can be measured on the basis of the Disgust Scale and its German version, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Disgust Sensitivity (QADS. In various studies, different factor structures were reported for either instrument. The differences may most likely be due to the selected factor analysis estimation methods and the small non-representative samples. Consequently, the aims of this study were to explore and confirm a theory-driven and statistically coherent QADS factor structure in a large representative sample and to present its standard values. Methods The QADS was answered by N = 2473 healthy subjects. The respective households and participants were selected using the random-route sampling method. Afterwards, the collected sample was compared to the information from the Federal Statistical Office to ensure that it was representative for the German residential population. With these data, an exploratory Promax-rotated Principal Axis Factor Analysis as well as comparative confirmatory factor analyses with robust Maximum Likelihood estimations were computed. Any possible socio-demographic influences were quantified as effect sizes. Results The data-driven and theoretically sound solution with the three highly interrelated factors Animal Reminder Disgust, Core Disgust, and Contamination Disgust led to a moderate model fit. All QADS scales had very good reliabilities (Cronbach's alpha from .90 to .95. There were no age-differences found among the participants, however, the female participants showed remarkably higher disgust ratings. Conclusions Based on the representative sample, the QADS factor structure was revised. Gender-specific standard percentages permit a population-based assessment of individual disgust sensitivity. The differences of the original QADS, the new solution, and the Disgust Scale - Revised will be discussed.

Brähler Elmar

2010-10-01

312

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey / Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% [...] de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais. Abstract in english The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that [...] most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio, Carnevalli; Paulo Augusto Cauchick, Miguel; Mario Sergio, Salerno.

2013-06-01

313

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio Carnevalli

2012-01-01

314

Aplicação da modularidade na indústria automobilística: análise a partir de um levantamento tipo survey Survey research on the application of modularity in the automotive industry in Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Esta investigação tem como objetivo identificar empresas do setor automobilístico que utilizam a estratégia modular e analisar aspectos do seu uso. Para tanto, foi realizado um levantamento tipo survey com o envio de um questionário para cerca de 350 empresas deste segmento, com aproximadamente 14% de taxa de retorno. Verificou-se que a maioria das empresas tem certa experiência com a modularidade. As dificuldades para as montadoras estão principalmente na capacitação dos fornecedores. Já os fornecedores apresentam dificuldades para atender às exigências das montadoras de projetar e fabricar os módulos. Em relação aos benefícios do uso da modularidade para as montadoras, a maioria está relacionada com a terceirização de atividades para o fornecedor, tal como a transferência de custos fixos para os fornecedores. Para os fornecedores, os principais benefícios envolvem o aumento da parceria com o cliente, como ter exclusividade de fornecimento e desenvolver novas competências organizacionais.The purpose of this research is to identify automotive sector companies that use modular strategies and analyze aspects of its use. To this end, a survey research was carried out though a questionnaire sent to about 350 companies in the sector, with a response rate of nearly 14%. Results showed that most companies adopt the modularity strategy and have some experience in its use. Concerning the difficulties experienced, the major problems faced by assemblers are related to finding capable suppliers in order to use the strategy. With regard to suppliers, the difficulties are related to fulfilling automotive assemblers' new demands to modular design and manufacturing. Regarding automotive assemblers, the main benefit of adopting modularity is linked to the outsourcing of some activities to suppliers, transferring fixed costs to them. Concerning suppliers, the main benefit is the partnership increase with customers, such as exclusive supply and the development of new organizational competencies.

José Antonio Carnevalli

2013-06-01

315

A survey of recent applications of TRIGA research reactors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some relatively recent, somewhat novel, or unusual applications in the United States were surveyed. Several specific applications will be discussed briefly. They are divided into the major areas of nondestructive testing, medical applications, activation analysis, and special testing

316

New journal selection for quantitative survey of infectious disease research: application for Asian trend analysis  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Quantitative survey of research articles, as an application of bibliometrics, is an effective tool for grasping overall trends in various medical research fields. This type of survey has been also applied to infectious disease research; however, previous studies were insufficient as they underestimated articles published in non-English or regional journals. Methods Using a combination of Scopus™ and PubMed, the databases of scientific literature, and English and non-Engl...

Okabe Nobuhiko; Omoe Katsuhiko; Takahashi-Omoe Hiromi

2009-01-01

317

ANALYSIS OF ONLINE SURVEY SERVICES FOR MARKETING RESEARCH  

OpenAIRE

The online population has led to an increase in the use of online surveys, which have been a good alternative to capture data from the Internet with regard to collecting and filtering information.The contribution of this paper is an analysis of current free online survey solutions, showing their advantages, disadvantages and, mainly, the restrictions of free and even paid plans in integration with social networks. The information, already available on social networks, was not used in parallel...

Renata Lopes Rosa; Graça Bressan; Geraldo Luciano Toledo

2012-01-01

318

A survey of anthelmintic resistance on ten sheep farms in Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe : research communication  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A survey to detect anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep was conducted on 10 randomly-distributed farms in the Chivhu District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe. Before the survey, a questionnaire was circulated to the farmers concerning nematode parasite control. Results showed that parasite control using anthelmintic treatment was the only method practised and that the benzimidazoles were the most frequently used anthelmintic drugs. The faecal egg count reduction test was used to detect resistance. The anthelmintic groups tested were benzimidazoles, levamisole and ivermectin. Resistance to benzimidazoles was detected on 6 of 10 farms and levamisole resistance on 2 of 3 farms. Ivermectin resistance was not observed on the farms surveyed. Post-treatment larval cultures indicated that Haemonchus contortus survived administration of fenbendazole, albendazole, oxfendazole and levamisole. A Cooperia sp. strain resistant to albendazole was detected and this is the first report in Zimbabwe of a resistant parasite in this genus.

S. Mukaratirwa

2012-07-01

319

Improving gambling survey research using dual-frame sampling of landline and mobile phone numbers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gambling prevalence studies are typically conducted within a single (landline) telephone sampling frame. This practice continues, despite emerging evidence that significant differences exist between landline and mobile (cell) phone only households. This study utilised a dual-frame (landline and mobile) telephone sampling methodology to cast light on the extent of differences across groups of respondents in respect to demographic, health, and gambling characteristics. A total of 2,014 participants from across Australian states and territories ranging in age from 18 to 96 years participated. Interviews were conducted using computer assisted telephone interviewing technology where 1,012 respondents from the landline sampling frame and 1,002 from the mobile phone sampling frame completed a questionnaire about gambling and other health behaviours. Responses across the landline sampling frame, the mobile phone sampling frame, and the subset of the mobile phone sampling frame that possessed a mobile phone only (MPO) were contrasted. The findings revealed that although respondents in the landline sample (62.7 %) did not significantly differ from respondents in the mobile phone sample (59.2 %) in gambling participation in the previous 12 months, they were significantly more likely to have gambled in the previous 12 months than the MPO sample (56.4 %). There were no significant differences in internet gambling participation over the previous 12 months in the landline sample (4.7 %), mobile phone sample (4.7 %) and the MPO sample (5.0 %). However, endorsement of lifetime problem gambling on the NODS-CLiP was significantly higher within the mobile sample (10.7 %) and the MPO sample (14.8 %) than the landline sample (6.6 %). Our research supports previous findings that reliance on a traditional landline telephone sampling approach effectively excludes distinct subgroups of the population from being represented in research findings. Consequently, we suggest that research best practice necessitates the use of a dual-frame sampling methodology. Despite inherent logistical and cost issues, this approach needs to become the norm in gambling survey research. PMID:23288431

Jackson, Alun C; Pennay, Darren; Dowling, Nicki A; Coles-Janess, Bernadette; Christensen, Darren R

2014-06-01

320

Environmental Survey Report for ORNL: Small Mammal Abundance and Distribution Survey Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 2009 - 2010  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report summarizes a 1-year small mammal biodiversity survey conducted on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The task was implemented through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Natural Resources Management Program and included researchers from the ORNL Environmental Sciences Division, interns in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Higher Education Research Experiences Program, and ORNL Environmental Protection Services staff. Eight sites were surveyed reservation wide. The survey was conducted in an effort to determine species abundance and diversity of small mammal populations throughout the reservation and to continue the historical inventory of small mammal presence for biodiversity records. This data collection effort was in support of the approved Wildlife Management Plan for the Oak Ridge Reservation, a major goal of which is to maintain and enhance wildlife biodiversity on the Reservation. Three of the sites (Poplar Creek, McNew Hollow, and Deer Check Station Field) were previously surveyed during a major natural resources inventory conducted in 1996. Five new sites were included in this study: Bearden Creek, Rainy Knob (Natural Area 21), Gum Hollow, White Oak Creek and Melton Branch. The 2009-2010 small mammal surveys were conducted from June 2009 to July 2010 on the Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park (OR Research Park). The survey had two main goals: (1) to determine species abundance and diversity and (2) to update historical records on the OR Research Park. The park is located on the Department of Energy-owned Oak Ridge Reservation, which encompasses 13,580 ha. The primary focus of the study was riparian zones. In addition to small mammal sampling, vegetation and coarse woody debris samples were taken at certain sites to determine any correlations between habitat and species presence. During the survey all specimens were captured and released using live trapping techniques including Sherman and pitfall traps. In total 227 small mammals representing nine species were captured during the course of the study. The most common species found in the study was the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus). The least common species found were the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius), woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum), and northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda).

Giffen, Neil R [ORNL; Reasor, R. Scott [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE); Campbell, Claire L. [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

2009-12-01

321

Support groups for dementia caregivers - Predictors for utilisation and expected quality from a family caregiver's point of view: A questionnaire survey PART I*  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Support groups have proved to be effective in reducing the burden on family caregivers of dementia patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the factors that influence utilisation or quality expectations of family caregivers. These questions are addressed in the following paper. Methods The cross-sectional study was carried out as an anonymous written survey of family caregivers of dementia patients in Germany. Qualitative and quantitative data from 404 caregivers were analysed using content analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. Results The only significant predictor for utilisation is assessing how helpful support groups are for the individual care situation. Family caregivers all agree that psycho-educative orientation is a priority requirement. Conclusions In order to increase the rate of utilisation, family caregivers must be convinced of the relevant advantages of using support groups. Support groups which offer an exchange of experiences, open discussion, information and advice meet the requirements of family caregivers.

Luttenberger Katharina

2010-07-01

322

Border malaria in China: knowledge and use of personal protection by minority populations and implications for malaria control: a questionnaire-based survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria control in remote, forested areas of the Mekong region relies on personal protection from mosquito bites. Uptake of these methods may be limited by knowledge of the link between mosquitoes and malaria as well as social and economic aspects. Understanding barriers to uptake will inform malaria control programmes on targets for improvement of delivery. Methods A total 748 key respondents: health providers and village heads, from 187 villages and 25 different ethnic groups, were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Differences in use of personal protection, and knowledge of malaria between groups were analysed using chi-square; and binary logistic regression used for multivariate analysis. Results Malaria knowledge was poor with 19.4% of women and 37.5% of men linking mosquitoes with malaria, although 95.6% knew one or more methods of mosquito control. Virtually all respondents used personal protection at some time during the year; and understanding of malaria transmission was strongly associated with bednet use. Those working in forest agriculture were significantly more likely to know that mosquitoes transmit malaria but this did not translate into a significantly greater likelihood of using bednets. Furthermore, use of personal protection while woing outdoors was rare, and less than 3% of respondents knew about the insecticide impregnation of bednets. The use of bednets, synthetic repellents and mosquito coils varied between ethnic groups, but was significantly more frequent among those with higher income, more years of education and permanent housing. The reported use of repellents and coils was also more common among women despite their low knowledge of malaria transmission, and low likelihood of having heard information on malaria within the last year. Conclusion The use of personal protection must be increased, particularly among outdoor workers that have higher malaria risk. However, personal protection is widely used and widely accepted to prevent nuisance biting mosquitoes, with the major barrier to use being affordability. Therefore, social marketing campaigns aimed at women and those that work outdoors that provide highly subsidised products, especially insecticide impregnation kits for bednets and hammock nets are most likely to succeed in lowering malaria morbidity among non Han-Chinese groups in rural China.

Hill Nigel

2008-10-01

323

Science, institutional archives and open access: an overview and a pilot survey on the Italian cancer research institutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Open Archive Initiative (OAI refers to a movement started around the '90s to guarantee free access to scientific information by removing the barriers to research results, especially those related to the ever increasing journal subscription prices. This new paradigm has reshaped the scholarly communication system and is closely connected to the build up of institutional repositories (IRs conceived to the benefit of scientists and research bodies as a means to keep possession of their own literary production. The IRs are high-value tools which permit authors to gain visibility by enabling rapid access to scientific material (not only publications thus increasing impact (citation rate and permitting a multidimensional assessment of research findings. Methods A survey was conducted in March 2010 to mainly explore the managing system in use for archiving the research finding adopted by the Italian Scientific Institutes for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care (IRCCS of the oncology area within the Italian National Health Service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale, SSN. They were asked to respond to a questionnaire intended to collect data about institutional archives, metadata formats and posting of full-text documents. The enquiry concerned also the perceived role of the institutional repository DSpace ISS, built up by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS and based on a XML scheme for encoding metadata. Such a repository aims at acting as a unique reference point for the biomedical information produced by the Italian research institutions. An in-depth analysis has also been performed on the collection of information material addressed to patients produced by the institutions surveyed. Results The survey respondents were 6 out of 9. The results reveal the use of different practices and standard among the institutions concerning: the type of documentation collected, the software adopted, the use and format of metadata and the conditions of accessibility to the IRs. Conclusions The Italian research institutions in the field of oncology are moving the first steps towards the philosophy of OA. The main effort should be the implementation of common procedures also in order to connect scientific publications to researchers curricula. In this framework, an important effort is represented by the project of ISS aimed to set a common interface able to allow migration of data from partner institutions to the OA compliant repository DSpace ISS.

Mazzocut Mauro

2010-12-01

324

Publish literature on the research activities using the JMRT (II). Publication as JAERI research reports  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The published reports on the research and development activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report compiles the title lists and abstracts of reports published by JAERI and survey the trend of the research and development in JAERI using the JMTR. (author)

Nagao, Yoshiharu; Ishii, Tadahiko; Niimi, Motoji; Fujiki, Kazuo; Takahashi, Hidetake (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment

2002-11-01

325

Published literature on the research activities using the JMRT (II). Publication as JAERI research reports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The published reports on the research and development activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report compiles the title lists and abstracts of reports published by JAERI and survey the trend of the research and development in JAERI using the JMTR. (author)

326

Assessing fear of hypoglycemia among adults with type 1 diabetes – psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey II questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Hypoglycemia is common in type 1 diabetes, but the overall frequency of both mild and severe hypoglycemia is difficult to estimate. The Hypoglycemia Fear Survey II (HFS-II is often used to assess the fear of hypoglycemia. Material and methods: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the HFS-II for adults, including the behavior (HFS-B and worry (HFS-W subscales, among 235 adults in Norway with type 1 diabetes. We assessed associations between HFS-II scores and other rating scales and demographic and clinical variables. Results: The Norwegian version of HFS-II had an acceptable factor structure in relation to HFS-W, whereas the structure within HFS-B was more questionable. The expected relationships between HFS-II subscales and measures of related constructs administered concurrently demonstrated adequate convergent and discriminant validity. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were satisfactory. Conclusion: Access to reliable and valid self-report instruments enables the early detection of psychosocial problems. HFS-W performs well, whereas HFS-B needs to be further examined and developed.

Marit Graue

2013-06-01

327

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Report 13: Source selection and information use by US aerospace engineers and scientists: Results of a telephone survey  

Science.gov (United States)

A telephone survey of U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists belonging to the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) was conducted between December 4, 1991 and January 5, 1992. The survey was undertaken to (1) validate the telephone survey as an appropriate technique for collecting data from U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists; (2) collect information about how the results of NASA/DoD aerospace research are used in the R&D process; (3) identify those selection criteria which affect the use of federally-funded aerospace R&D; and (4) obtain information that could be used to develop a self-administered mail questionnaire for use with the same population. The average rating of importance of U.S. government technical reports was 2.5 (on a 4-point scale); The mean/median number of times U.S. government technical reports were used per 6 months was 8/2. Factors scoring highest for U.S. government technical reports were technical accuracy (2.9), reliable data and technical information (2.8), and contains comprehensive data and information (2.7) on a 4-point system. The factors scoring highest for influencing the use of U.S. government technical reports were relevance (3.1), technical accuracy (3.06), and reliable data/information (3.02). Ease of use, familiarity, technical accuracy, and relevance correlated with use of U.S. government technical reports. Survey demographics, survey questionnaire, and the NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project publications list are included.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Glassman, Nanci A.

1992-01-01

328

Micro-level economic factors and incentives in children's energy balance related behaviours:Findings from the ENERGY European cross-section questionnaire survey  

OpenAIRE

Background To date, most research on obesogenic environments facing school children has focused on physical and socio-cultural environments. The role of economic factors has been investigated to a much lesser extent. Our objective was to explore the association of micro-level economic factors and incentives with sports activities and intake of soft drinks and fruit juice in 10-12?year-old school children across Europe, and to explore price sensitivity in children’s soft drink consumption ...

Jensen, Jørgen D.; Bere, Elling; Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Jan, Natasa; Maes, Lea; Manios, Yannis; Martens, Marloes K.; Molnar, Denes; Moreno, Luis A.; Te Velde, Saskia; Brug, Johannes

2012-01-01

329

Advanced cogeneration research study. Survey of cogeneration potential  

Science.gov (United States)

Fifty-five facilities that consumed substantial amounts of electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil were surveyed by telephone in 1983. The primary objective of the survey was to estimate the potential electricity that could be generated in the SCE service territory using cogeneration technology. An estimated 3667 MW sub e could potentially be generated using cogenerated technology. Of this total, current technology could provide 2569 MW sub p and advanced technology could provide 1098 MW sub e. Approximately 1611 MW sub t was considered not feasible to produce electricity with either current or advanced cogeneration technology.

Slonski, M. L.

1983-01-01

330

Prevalance rate of low-dose CT lung cancer screening. Results of a questionnaire survey of member facilities of Japan society of ningen dock with special concerns regarding the actual status and disincentives for implementing such screening  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted a survey of member facilities of the Japan Society of Ningen Dock to elucidate the actual status of chest computed tomography (CT) screening and the reasons for not being able to change to low-dose CT. We sent a questionnaire consisting of 9 items to 531 member facilities in July 2010, response by facsimile to obtain an analysis. The prevalence rate of low-dose CT lung cancer screening slightly increased to 35% in comparison with the former survey done in November 2008. Some facilities indicated some shift in tube current to a lower range even though this was insufficient to meet the definition of low-dose CT. This reflects their thinking of ''Even with knowledge, there is strong hesitation to change to low-dose CT''. Among the reasons why they did not change to low-dose CT, a priority for high quality images was the top reason among problems of devices and performance. Informed consent was not yet adequate. It is necessary for manufactures to develop better technology to improve the image quality of low-dose CT and to report enough information to clinicians. On the medical side, perception of the necessity for appropriate reduction of radiation dose and the decision to move to low-dose CT would be of crucial significance for facility heads as well as radiologists and technicians. (author)

331

Surveying the Field: The Research Model of Women in Librarianship, 1882-1898  

Science.gov (United States)

Women who promoted library services to children in the United States in the late nineteenth century introduced the systematic use of survey research on library practice to the field of professional librarianship. They created a series of qualitative survey-based reports, the "Reading of the Young" reports, which were presented at ALA conferences…

McDowell, Kate

2009-01-01

332

Co-Authorship Networks Visualization System for Supporting Survey of Researchers’ Future Activities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper proposes a visualization system that supports users getting insight into future research activities from co-authorship networks. A bibliographic network such as a co-authorship network and a citation network is important information for researchers when doing a research survey. In particular, there are many requests on research survey that relate with researchers’ future activities, such as identification of remarkable researchers including growing researchers and supervisors. Although a citation network has received many attentions from researchers, it is not suitable for such surveys because it reflects researchers’ past activities. Since collaboration of researchers is essential for researchers’ activities, co-authorship network is supposed to be suitable for predicting future activities. In order to get insights into future research activities by discriminating growing research areas from grown-up areas, the proposed visualization system provides the functions for identifying research areas as well as for identifying time variation of both network structure and keyword distribution. As a basis for getting insights into future research activities, this paper focuses on the task of discriminating growing researchers from supervisors. The effectiveness of the proposed system is evaluated through the detailed analysis of two participants’ analyzing process of InfoVis 2004 Contest dataset. It is observed that different analyzing strategies are employed by even the same participant, when available support functions are different. The result indicates participants can successfully utilize the functions in their exploratory analysis process.

Takeshi Kurosawa

2012-02-01

333

Large Scale Survey Data in Career Development Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Large scale survey datasets have been underutilized but offer numerous advantages for career development scholars, as they contain numerous career development constructs with large and diverse samples that are followed longitudinally. Constructs such as work salience, vocational expectations, educational expectations, work satisfaction, and…

Diemer, Matthew A.

2008-01-01

334

Survey research and consensuality: statistical and natural groups (discussion of C. Fraser)  

OpenAIRE

This article discusses Colin Fraser's thesis on consensuality and his argument that sample survey research should be adopted, in parallel to qualitative methodologies, in the investigation of social representations.

Gaskell, George

1994-01-01

335

Utah Drug Use Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in junior and senior high school students. The 21 multiple choice items pertain to drug use practices, use history, available of drugs, main reason for drug use, and demographic data. The questionnaire is untimed, group administered, and may be given by the classroom teacher in about 10 minutes. Item…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

336

Geothermal Research Program of the US Geological Survey  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The beginning of the Geothermal Research Program, its organization, objectives, fiscal history, accomplishments, and present emphasis. The projects of the Geothermal Research Program are presented along with a list of references.

Duffield, W.A.; Guffanti, M.

1981-01-01

337

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

338

A survey of critical research areas in the energy segment of restructured electric power markets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Availability of a large volume of recent literature on deregulated (a.k.a. restructured) electricity markets underscores the importance of the research needs to ensure proper design and functioning of the markets. Researchers have made significant contributions fueling the evolution of the fundamental market design changes that have taken place since the beginning of the restructuring process. Due to the vast scope, existing survey papers are focused on particular facets of deregulated electricity markets. We adopt a similar approach by focusing on the most important research areas related to the energy market. The contributions of the survey paper lie in the novel approach used in classifying the literature based on critical research areas. Some areas of research such as auction based pricing, bidding strategy formulation, market equilibria, and market power are reviewed in a different light than other existing survey papers. We conclude by providing some future research directions for the energy markets. (author)

339

Survey of current electric utility research in Canada  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Information on the research programs of eight Canadian electrical utilities and the Canadian Electrical Association has been compiled. Work done by the National Research Council of Canada is included, but the research done by Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. is excluded. Projects in the area of nuclear power include work on heat transfer and fluid flow, waste management, materials, and corrosion. (L.L.)

340

Survey on Research Funding for the Social Sciences in Europe  

OpenAIRE

• Introduction 1 • The sample 1 • The sociology of the profession 3 • Experience with funding 4 • Nationality and residence 5 • The grouping of countries 6 • Profession of respondents 7 • Gender and age profile 9 • Positions and graduation 11 • Research environment 12 • Working time 15 • Sources of funding 17 • National and regional funding 18 • Research funding 20 • Research grants size distribu...

Marimon, Ramon; Guardiancich, Igor; Mariathasan, Mike; Rossi, Eva

2011-01-01

341

An Application of Survey Research to Private/Parochial Educational Administration. Survey 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Christian Brother organization, the largest order of teaching brothers in the Catholic Church, is currently facing a shrinking work force which is forcing the organization to rethink its current allocation of resources. Two surveys were administered to 163 brothers within the New Orleans/Santa Fe district; the response rate for the first…

Becnel, Shirley; And Others

342

As time goes by: Constraint Handling Rules - A survey of CHR research from 1998 to 2007  

CERN Document Server

Constraint Handling Rules (CHR) is a high-level programming language based on multi-headed multiset rewrite rules. Originally designed for writing user-defined constraint solvers, it is now recognized as an elegant general purpose language. CHR-related research has surged during the decade following the previous survey by Fruehwirth. Covering more than 180 publications, this new survey provides an overview of recent results in a wide range of research areas, from semantics and analysis to systems, extensions and applications.

Sneyers, Jon; Schrijvers, Tom; De Koninck, Leslie

2009-01-01

343

Database on epidemiological survey in high background radiation research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to store and check the data of the health survey in high background radiation area (HBRA) and control area in Guangdong Province, and to use these data in future, three databases were set up by using RBASE 5000 database software. (1) HD: the database based on the household registers especially established for the health survey from 1979 to 1986, covering more than 160000 subjects and 2200000 data. (2) DC: the database based on the registration cards of deaths from cancers and all other diseases during the period of 1975-1986 including more than 10000 cases and 260000 data. (3) MCC: the database for the case-control study on mutation-related factors for four kinds of cancers (liver, stomach, lung cancers and leukemia), embracing 626 subjects and close to 90000 data. The data in the databases were checked up with the original records and compared with the manual analytical results

344

A Questionnaire based Survey on the Knowledge, Attitude and Practises about Antimicrobial Resistance and Usage among the Second year MBBS Students of a Teaching tertiary care Hospital in Central India  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: Antibiotic resistance(ABR is an important growing global health issue which needs urgent addressal. Judicious use of antibiotics is the only solution. Awareness of this fact among UG students is vital. Aims: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices related to antibiotic resistance and usage in UG students.Settings and Design: cross sectional, questionnaire based survey. Methods and Material: The questionnaire was distributed to a batch of 86 medical students in their second year of MBBS,  whereby their KAP regarding antibiotic use and resistance was assessed by a five point Likert scale, whose responses ranged from ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree,’ and  ‘always’ to ‘never. Some questions were of true and false type.Statistical analysis used: The data was analyzed by using simple descriptive statistics to generate frequencies, percentages and proportions. Wherever it was relevant, the Chi-square test was used to determine any significant difference Results: Indiscriminate antimicrobial use leads to the emergence of the growing problem of resistance was known to all n=86(100% of the participants. The number of respondents who agreed that ABR was an important and a serious global public health issue was 83(96.51%.Ninety four per cent (n = 81 of the respondents were aware that bacteria were not responsible for causing colds and flu. Conclusions: Our study provides an important insight regarding the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic resistance and usage among the future doctors, which can be considered, in order to plan for an effective undergraduate curriculum. 

Dr. Manali Mangesh Mahajan

2014-12-01

345

A survey of research in elementary particle physics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

These notes are devoted to the current trends in elementary particle physics. They are not intended for the training of experts in the field. After a brief historical survey, one discusses the difficulties which have made necessary to move from classical physics to relativistic quantum physics. The main concepts of this new theory are rapidly presented. The experimental methods are discussed within a few typical experiments, already performed or scheduled. The main questions which are still unsolved are rapidly mentioned

346

Nuclear power and the public: analysis of collected survey research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This executive summary highlights the major findings of a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of over 100 existing surveys dealing with public attitudes toward nuclear power issues. Questions of immediate policy relevance to the nuclear debate are posed and answered on the basis of these major findings. For each issue area, those sections of the report in which more-detailed discussion and presentation of relevant data may be found are indicated

347

Environmental Survey preliminary report, National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, Oklahoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the preliminary findings of the first phase of the Environmental Survey of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER), conducted February 29 through March 4, 1988. The Survey is being conducted by an interdisciplinary team of environmental specialists, led and managed by the Office of Environment, Safety and Health's Office of Environmental Audit. Team members are being provided by private contractors. The objective of the Survey is to identify environmental problems and areas of environmental risk associated with NIPER. The Survey covers all environmental media and all areas of environmental regulation. It is being performed in accordance with the DOE Environmental Survey Manual. The on-site phase of the Survey involves the review of existing site environmental data, observations of the operations carried on at NIPER and interviews with site personnel. 35 refs., 8 figs., 15 tabs.

1989-01-01

348

Canada's health promotion survey as a milestone in public health research.  

Science.gov (United States)

This commentary describes the contribution of the 1985 Canadian National Health Promotion Survey to the development of public health research and policy-making in Canada and argues that on the basis of that contribution, it should be considered to be a public health research milestone. In terms of research, among its contributions which subsequently have been adopted in other survey studies were: going beyond risk factors to operationalize concepts implicit in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion; empowering users to participate in knowledge translation, sharing and transfer; ensuring sufficient sample sizes for each jurisdiction to be able to confidently generalize to its population; establishing a model as well as questions for subsequent health surveys; encouraging widespread use of data through making them available early; and developing and using an explicit social marketing strategy to reach target audiences, including the general public. With regard to policy-making, among its contributions which have been adopted were: using survey data to develop and enhance healthy public policy initiatives; encouraging researchers to work with policy-makers in developing policies; using survey data to contribute to the evaluation of public health initiatives; engaging policy-makers in the development of surveys; and encouraging the use of survey data for advocacy. PMID:21370775

Rootman, Irving; Warren, Reg; Catlin, Gary

2010-01-01

349

Reprodutibilidade da versão em português do Brasil do European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire em conjunto com seu módulo específico para câncer de pulmão / Reproducibility of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire used in conjunction with its lung cancer-specific module  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A avaliação da qualidade de vida em pacientes com câncer de pulmão tem se tornado um dos principais objetivos em ensaios clínicos atuais. Para avaliar a qualidade de vida desses pacientes, o instrumento mais utilizado é o 36-item European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer C [...] ore Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) em conjunto com seu módulo específico para câncer de pulmão com 13 itens (QLQ-LC13). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a reprodutibilidade da versão em português do Brasil desses questionários. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo com 30 pacientes ambulatoriais estáveis com câncer de pulmão, os quais completaram os instrumentos no primeiro dia do estudo e duas semanas depois. RESULTADOS: A reprodutibilidade teste-reteste através do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse para o EORTC QLQ-C30 e o QLQ-LC13 variou de 0,64 a 1,00 e de 0,64 a 0,95, respectivamente. Não houve correlações entre os domínios dos instrumentos e os parâmetros clínicos. CONCLUSÕES: Estes achados demonstram a reprodutibilidade dos instrumentos utilizados nesta amostra de pacientes com câncer de pulmão no Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the quality of life in patients with lung cancer has become one of the main goals in current clinical trials. To assess the quality of life of these patients, the most widely used instrument is the 30-item European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Q [...] uality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) in conjunction with its supplemental 13-item lung cancer-specific module (QLQ-LC13). The objective of this study was to assess the reproducibility of the Brazilian Portuguese version of these questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective study involving 30 stable outpatients with lung cancer who completed the instruments on the first day of the study and two weeks later. RESULTS: The test-retest reproducibility using the intraclass correlation coefficient for the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the QLQ-LC13 ranged from 0.64 to 1.00 and from 0.64 to 0.95, respectively. No correlations were found between the domains of the instruments and clinical parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that these instruments were reproducible in this sample of patients with lung cancer in Brazil.

Juliana, Franceschini; José Roberto, Jardim; Ana Luisa Godoy, Fernandes; Sérgio, Jamnik; Ilka Lopes, Santoro.

2010-10-01

350

A survey on the research awareness and readiness among radiographers in Singapore General Hospital (SGH)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: Research is a key component of evidence-based medical imaging. Good knowledge and attitude towards research is important in implementing the paradigm shift from the traditional model of practice to evidence-based practice. The aim of this study was to ascertain the attitude, level of awareness and knowledge of radiographers about research. Potential barriers might also be identified so that programmes and schemes could be developed to raise the profile of research in clinical practice. Methods: A 20-item scale self-completion questionnaire was designed and distributed to radiographers in the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, SGH. The questionnaire consisted of questions pertaining to years of working experience, specialization of practice, role/involvement in any research, training needs and identification of potential barriers to research. Results: The final response rate was 67% (N = 114). Although the involvement in research is 39% (N = 44), the radiographers strongly believed that it is essential for them to participate in research to develop themselves and the profession, as well as to improve the quality of care delivered to patients. The main identified perceived barriers to research included lack of time, resources and heavy clinical workload. Sixty-four percent (N = 73) of participants indicated that provision of courses would improve their research skills, such as research methodology, biostatistics, literature critique, and a lack of these could be se critique, and a lack of these could be some of the reasons for low research involvement among radiographers. Conclusions: The data suggest that positive attitudes, institutional support and provision of research related courses are needed to increase radiographers' involvement in research.

351

A survey of core research in information systems  

CERN Document Server

The Information Systems (IS) discipline was founded on the intersection of computer science and organizational sciences, and produced a rich body of research on topics ranging from database design and the strategic role of IT to website design and online consumer behavior. In this book, the authors provide an introduction to the discipline, its development, and the structure of IS research, at a level that is appropriate for emerging and current IS scholars. Guided by a bibliometric study of all research articles published in eight premier IS research journals over a 20-year period, the author

Sidorova, Anna; Torres, Russell; Johnson, Vess

2013-01-01

352

Improving the measurement of child neglect for survey research: issues and recommendations.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a great need for developing and validating measures of child neglect that can be applied to survey samples outside of a child welfare context. A prospective assessment of child neglect would afford a better estimation of the etiology of various types of child neglect and would greatly inform the development of primary prevention strategies related to child maltreatment. This article offers guidance on the tasks involved with constructing new measures of neglect for prospective survey research. Methodological issues pertaining to child neglect measurement are discussed, and a framework is offered for developing neglect measures for survey research. A discussion is also offered on how this framework is being applied in an ongoing longitudinal study of low-income families with young children. The intended result of this exercise is to encourage the development of new child neglect measures for survey research with both high-risk and general populations. PMID:12735712

Slack, Kristen Shook; Holl, Jane; Altenbernd, Lisa; McDaniel, Marla; Stevens, Amy Bush

2003-05-01

353

Current status and future prospect of radiation exposure to research volunteers in institutes with nuclear medicine. The report of questionnaires regarding radiation exposures to volunteers in clinical researches and clinical trials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There has been no guide of authorized radiological protection system in Japan when volunteers receive radionuclide administration in clinical research or phase I - IV studies. The purpose of this report was to depict issues on institutional radiological protection system for establishing the guide. We accumulated full-filled questionnaires regarding institutional radiological protection system of human subjects in 82 hospitals in which clinical researches or phase I - IV studies underwent to be subjected to radionuclide administrated volunteers in recent two years. We analyzed regarding (1) research content, (2) what committee approval of research using radionuclide administrated volunteer, (3) selection of the volunteers, (4) regulatory dose of administrated radionuclide, and (5) informed consent. Normal volunteers are subjected in clinical researches as well as phase-I study and microdose study. The researches subjected to normal volunteers needed with approval of institutional ethic committee in 64 (78%) hospitals, others than ethic committee in 9 (10%), and unknown in 2 (2%). In remaining 7 (8%), both ethic and other committees were described. No one with radiological knowledge included the committees in 23 hospitals (28%), of 15 had no consultation system regarding radiological protection. In all hospitals, regulatory dose in human subjects is less than 50 mSv and sufficient informed consent regarding the protection was obtained. In Japan, researches subjected tobtained. In Japan, researches subjected to radionuclide administrated volunteers are performed by authorization of institutional ethic committees. Administrated radionuclide dose in them are less than upper limits of regulatory system of ICRP, USA and England because the committees include physicians, technologists and pharmaceutics with knowledge of radiological protection. But some hospitals have no committees authorize the research because they have no idea of authorized committees or cannot establish the committees. We recommend that improvement of institutional radiological protection system in such hospitals. If necessary, approval system with outside hospital-committees may be required. Furthermore, we hope that improvement the condition which no consensus of regulatory dose to the volunteers in hospitals. (author)

354

Survey of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practitioners Regarding Cancer Management and Research  

OpenAIRE

The primary purpose of this survey was to assess the interest and concerns of a group of cancer complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners regarding CAM research issues. These issues include the CAM modalities used most often by CAM practitioners in the treatment of cancer patients, cancer CAM practitioners’ perceptions of the most promising areas of cancer CAM research, the perceived obstacles to carrying out research objectives in the emerging field of cancer CAM research,...

Lee, C. D. R. Colleen; Zia, Farah; Olaku, Oluwadamilola; Michie, Joan; White, Jeffrey D.

2009-01-01

355

Abstracts of the 2. survey of research symposium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The abstracts presented in this issue show scientific accomplishments of scientists working in the Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Interest of research teams gradually moved from classic biochemistry and physiological chemistry toward molecular biology. One line of research is focused on repair of DNA damages caused by X-rays and UV

356

Abstracts of the 2. survey of research symposium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The abstracts presented in this issue show scientific accomplishments of scientists working in the Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Interest of research teams gradually moved from classic biochemistry and physiological chemistry toward molecular biology. One line of research is focused on repair of DNA damages caused by X-rays and UV.

NONE

1994-12-31

357

Recent Progress in DIB Research: Survey of PAHS and DIBS  

Science.gov (United States)

The spectra of several neutral and ionized PAHs isolated in the gas phase at low temperature have been measured in the laboratory under experimental conditions that mimic interstellar conditions and are compared with an extensive set of astronomical spectra of reddened, early type stars [1, 2]. The comparisons of astronomical and laboratory data provide upper limits for the abundances of specific neutral PAH molecules and ions along specific lines-of-sight. Something that is not attainable from infrared observations alone. We present the characteristics of the laboratory facility (COSmIC) that was developed for this study and discuss the findings resulting from the comparison of these unique laboratory data with high resolution, high S/N ratio astronomical observations. COSmIC combines a supersonic free jet expansion with discharge plasma and high-sensitivity cavity ringdown spectroscopy and provides experimental conditions that closely mimic the interstellar conditions. The column densities of the individual neutral PAH molecules and ions probed in these surveys are derived from the comparison of these unique laboratory data with high resolution, high S/N ratio astronomical observations. The comparisons of astronomical and laboratory data lead to clear and unambiguous conclusions regarding the expected abundances for PAHs of various sizes and charge states in the interstellar environments probed in the surveys. Band profile comparisons between laboratory and astronomical spectra lead to information regarding the molecular structures and characteristics associated with the DIB carriers in the corresponding lines-of-sight. These quantitative surveys of neutral and ionized PAHs in the optical range open the way for unambiguous quantitative searches of PAHs and complex organics in a variety of interstellar and circumstellar environments.

Salama, Farid; Galazutdinov, G.; Krelowski, J.; Biennier, L.; Beletsky, Y.; Song, I.

2013-01-01

358

Vibration Error Research of Fiber Optic Gyroscope in Engineering Surveying  

OpenAIRE

In the process of the engineering surveying by FOG (fiber optic gyroscope), there are a lot of measurement error caused by many kinds of factors, vibration error is one of them. Analyzing the output signal of FOG on the effect of vibration, Kalman filter can be used to inhibit the drift of output signal, and it is experimentally validated based on the filtering algorithm. The results show that, the vibration error of FOG was reduced, and the validity of the method has been proved.

Zhang Zhuomin; Hu Wenbin; Liu Fang; Gan Weibing; Yang Yan

2013-01-01

359

Educational Television Questionnaire.  

Science.gov (United States)

This mail questionnaire is designed to ascertain personal and demographic characteristics, TV and ETV viewing habits, and reasons for those viewing habits. It contains 22 items. (For related documents, see TM 002 621-630, 632-635.) (KM)

Payne, David A.; And Others

360

Research on Intrusion Detection and Response: A Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With recent advances in network based technology and increased dependability of our every day life on this technology, assuring reliable operation of network based systems is very important. During recent years, number of attacks on networks has dramatically increased and consequently interest in network intrusion detection has increased among the researchers. This paper provides a review on current trends in intrusion detection together with a study on technologies implemented by some researchers in this research area. Honey pots are effective detection tools to sense attacks such as port or email scanning activities in the network. Some features and applications of honey pots are explained in this paper.

Peyman Kabiri

2005-09-01

361

Research activity and capacity in primary healthcare: The REACH study: A survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite increased investment in primary care research and development (R&D, the level of engagement of primary healthcare professionals with research remains poor. The aim of this study is to assess the level of research activity and capacity for research among primary healthcare professionals in a health authority of over one million people in a mixed urban/rural setting in the West of Ireland. Methods A questionnaire, incorporating the R+D Culture Index, was sent to primary healthcare professionals in the HSE Western Region. Baseline characteristics were analysed with the use of one-way ANOVA and Chi-square test and the dependence of R&D Culture Index score on all sixteen available covariates was examined using multiple regression and regression tree modelling. Results There was a 54% response rate to the questionnaire. Primary healthcare professionals appeared to have an interest in and awareness of the importance of research in primary care but just 15% were found to be research active in this study. A more positive attitude towards an R&D culture was associated with having had previous research training, being currently involved in research and with not being a general practitioner (GP (p Conclusion Despite awareness of the importance of R&D in primary care and investment therein, primary healthcare professionals remain largely unengaged with the R&D process. This study highlights the issues that need to be addressed in order to encourage a shift towards a culture of R&D in primary care: lack of research training particularly in basic research skills and increased opportunities for research involvement. The use of the R&D Culture Index may enable groups to be identified that may be more research interested and can therefore be targeted in any future R&D strategy.

Iglesias Alberto A

2009-05-01

362

Research activity and capacity in primary healthcare: the REACH study: a survey.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Despite increased investment in primary care research and development (R&D), the level of engagement of primary healthcare professionals with research remains poor. The aim of this study is to assess the level of research activity and capacity for research among primary healthcare professionals in a health authority of over one million people in a mixed urban\\/rural setting in the West of Ireland. METHODS: A questionnaire, incorporating the R+D Culture Index, was sent to primary healthcare professionals in the HSE Western Region. Baseline characteristics were analysed with the use of one-way ANOVA and Chi-square test and the dependence of R&D Culture Index score on all sixteen available covariates was examined using multiple regression and regression tree modelling. RESULTS: There was a 54% response rate to the questionnaire. Primary healthcare professionals appeared to have an interest in and awareness of the importance of research in primary care but just 15% were found to be research active in this study. A more positive attitude towards an R&D culture was associated with having had previous research training, being currently involved in research and with not being a general practitioner (GP) (p < 0.001), but much variability in the R&D culture index score remained unexplained. CONCLUSION: Despite awareness of the importance of R&D in primary care and investment therein, primary healthcare professionals remain largely unengaged with the R&D process. This study highlights the issues that need to be addressed in order to encourage a shift towards a culture of R&D in primary care: lack of research training particularly in basic research skills and increased opportunities for research involvement. The use of the R&D Culture Index may enable groups to be identified that may be more research interested and can therefore be targeted in any future R&D strategy.

Glynn, Liam G

2009-01-01

363

Survey of medical specialists on their attitudes to and resources for health research in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: To study the views of medical specialists on their attitude to and the resources for health research in Nigeria and draw appropriate policy implications. Materials and Methods: Structured questionnaires were distributed to consenting 90 randomly selected medical specialists practising in six Nigerian tertiary health institutions. Participants? background information, importance attached to research, motivations for conducting research, funding, ethical oversight, literature search, and statistical support were probed. The coded responses were stored and analyzed using the statistical SPSS software. Results: Fifty-one out of the 90 questionnaires distributed were returned, giving a response rate of 63.3%. Research function was rated third by 64.7% of the respondents after hospital service (72.5% and teaching (66.0%. Advancement of knowledge was the strongest motivating factor for conducting research (78.4%. Securing funding (94% and finding time (80% were their major constraints. Only a minority of the respondents, 20% and 14%, respectfully, positively rated the quality and promptness of the decisions of their institutions? ethical organs in the highest category. Most of their literature search was conducted on the internet (96.1% and they stored and analyzed their research data with commonly available statistical software. Conclusion: Our study respondents regarded research highly but were severely constrained in conducting research by lack of access to sources of funding from within and outside Nigeria and finding time from core hospital functions. We recommend periodic (retraining in research particularly on how to apply for research grants and giving some protected research time for Nigerian medical specialists in order to boost their research function.

Mahmoud Abdulraheem

2011-06-01

364

Survey of Cross-Cultural Technology Transfer Research  

OpenAIRE

This study aims at reviewing the technology/knowledge transfer literature and identifying which research areas on cross-cultural technology transfer field which should explore to obtain the new insights. With it in mind, the intersection of research fields concerning cross-cultural technology/knowledge transfer, the national culture difference and the extended literature of hybridization in the broad field of cross-cultural management is focused.As a result, this study identifies the five res...

Nguyen Thi Duc Nguyen; Atsushi Aoyama

2014-01-01

365

Semantic Integration Research in the Database Community: A Brief Survey  

OpenAIRE

Semantic integration has been a long-standing challenge for the database community. It has received steady attention over the past two decades, and has now become a prominent area of database research. In this article, we first review database applications that require semantic integration and discuss the difficulties underlying the integration process. We then describe recent progress and identify open research issues. We focus in particular on schema matching, a topic that has received much...

Doan, Anhai; Halevy, Alon Y.

2005-01-01

366

Validação do Modified Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire e da escala do Medical Research Council para o uso em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica no Brasil / Validation of the Modified Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire and the Medical Research Council scale for use in Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a validade e a reprodutibilidade do uso de dois instrumentos subjetivos para avaliar a limitação nas atividades da vida diária (AVD) em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) no Brasil: o Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire - Modified version (P [...] FSDQ-M) e a escala do Medical Research Council (MRC). MÉTODOS: Trinta pacientes com DPOC (17 homens; idade, 67 ± 10 anos; volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo, 42% ± 13% do predito) responderam por duas vezes às versões em português dos dois instrumentos com intervalo de uma semana. O PFSDQ-M contém três componentes: influência da dispnéia nas AVD, influência da fadiga nas AVD, e mudança nas AVD em comparação ao período anterior à doença. A escala do MRC é simples, com apenas cinco itens, dentre os quais o paciente escolhe qual o seu nível de limitação nas AVD devido à dispnéia. O tradicional questionário Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), já validado para o uso no Brasil, foi utilizado como critério de validação. RESULTADOS: A confiabilidade em reteste do PFSDQ-M utilizando o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,93, 0,92 e 0,90 para os componentes dispnéia, fadiga e mudança, respectivamente, enquanto que esta foi de 0,83 para a escala do MRC. A análise dos gráficos de Bland e Altman mostrou boa concordância entre a aplicação e a reaplicação do PFSDQ-M. Os componentes do PFSDQ-M e a escala do MRC se correlacionaram significativamente com os domínios e o escore total do SGRQ (0,49 Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reproducibility of two subjective instruments to assess limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Brazil: the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire - Modified version (PFS [...] DQ-M) and the Medical Research Council (MRC) scale. METHODS: Thirty patients with COPD (age, 67 ± 10 years; males, 17; forced expiratory volume in one second, 42% ± 13% of predicted) completed the Portuguese-language versions of the two instruments on two occasions, one week apart. The PFSDQ-M has three components: influence of dyspnea on ADLs, influence of fatigue on ADLs change in ADLs experienced by the patient. The MRC scale is simple, with only five items, in which patients report the degree to which dyspnea limits their performance of ADLs. The traditional Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), previously validated for use in Brazil, was used as a validation criterion. RESULTS: The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) of the PFSDQ-M was 0.93, 0.92 and 0.90 for dyspnea, fatigue and change components, respectively, compared with 0.83 for the MRC scale. Bland-Altman plots showed good test-retest agreement for the PFSDQ-M. The components of the PFSDQ-M and the MRC scale correlated significantly with all of the domains and the total score of the SGRQ (0.49

Demetria, Kovelis; Nicoli Oldemberg, Segretti; Vanessa Suziane, Probst; Suzanne Claire, Lareau; Antônio Fernando, Brunetto; Fábio, Pitta.

1008-10-01

367

Validação do Modified Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire e da escala do Medical Research Council para o uso em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica no Brasil Validation of the Modified Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire and the Medical Research Council scale for use in Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a validade e a reprodutibilidade do uso de dois instrumentos subjetivos para avaliar a limitação nas atividades da vida diária (AVD em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC no Brasil: o Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire - Modified version (PFSDQ-M e a escala do Medical Research Council (MRC. MÉTODOS: Trinta pacientes com DPOC (17 homens; idade, 67 ± 10 anos; volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo, 42% ± 13% do predito responderam por duas vezes às versões em português dos dois instrumentos com intervalo de uma semana. O PFSDQ-M contém três componentes: influência da dispnéia nas AVD, influência da fadiga nas AVD, e mudança nas AVD em comparação ao período anterior à doença. A escala do MRC é simples, com apenas cinco itens, dentre os quais o paciente escolhe qual o seu nível de limitação nas AVD devido à dispnéia. O tradicional questionário Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ, já validado para o uso no Brasil, foi utilizado como critério de validação. RESULTADOS: A confiabilidade em reteste do PFSDQ-M utilizando o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,93, 0,92 e 0,90 para os componentes dispnéia, fadiga e mudança, respectivamente, enquanto que esta foi de 0,83 para a escala do MRC. A análise dos gráficos de Bland e Altman mostrou boa concordância entre a aplicação e a reaplicação do PFSDQ-M. Os componentes do PFSDQ-M e a escala do MRC se correlacionaram significativamente com os domínios e o escore total do SGRQ (0,49 OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reproducibility of two subjective instruments to assess limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD in Brazil: the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire - Modified version (PFSDQ-M and the Medical Research Council (MRC scale. METHODS: Thirty patients with COPD (age, 67 ± 10 years; males, 17; forced expiratory volume in one second, 42% ± 13% of predicted completed the Portuguese-language versions of the two instruments on two occasions, one week apart. The PFSDQ-M has three components: influence of dyspnea on ADLs, influence of fatigue on ADLs change in ADLs experienced by the patient. The MRC scale is simple, with only five items, in which patients report the degree to which dyspnea limits their performance of ADLs. The traditional Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ, previously validated for use in Brazil, was used as a validation criterion. RESULTS: The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient of the PFSDQ-M was 0.93, 0.92 and 0.90 for dyspnea, fatigue and change components, respectively, compared with 0.83 for the MRC scale. Bland-Altman plots showed good test-retest agreement for the PFSDQ-M. The components of the PFSDQ-M and the MRC scale correlated significantly with all of the domains and the total score of the SGRQ (0.49 < r < 0.80; p < 0.01 for all. CONCLUSIONS: The Portuguese-language versions of the PFSDQ-M and the MRC scale proved reproducible and valid for use in patients with COPD in Brazil.

Demetria Kovelis

2008-12-01

368

World-wide survey and analysis of research reactors fuels behaviour during its exploitation and storage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper describes the world-wide survey and analysis of the issues related to the fabrication technology, exploitation terms and experiences in the under water storage of research reactor fuels. Particularly the fuels of research reactors similar to the Polish EWA and MARIA reactors have been described and concluded. (author)

369

A Survey of Research Projects in Schools and Colleges of Optometry.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey undertaken by the American Optometric Association reveals research projects, investigators, and in some cases, funding sources for research in the areas of low vision, ophthalmic lenses, pharmacology, anatomy and pathology, and sensory and motor functions. A total of 205 projects are charted. (MSE)

Whitener, John C.

1981-01-01

370

Accuracy research for survey telescope fiber position measurement  

Science.gov (United States)

Multi-objects survey system because of its high efficiency have been planned to build in many telescope such as Mayall 4m telescope and have been working well on LAMOST. The telescope could control massively robotic fiber-positioners carried with fibers on the top, received thousand galaxies and quasi-stellar objects at one time observation. How to measure every fiber's position accurately is the key techniques for the telescope to improve its performance. There is a good way to measure the fiber's position by photogrammetry with no touches measurement. The camera could capture the position of backside illuminated fibers. In this paper we described the trial measurement for multi positioners system in different measuring parameters, and compared these conditions which influenced the measuring accuracy. Finally the test results were presented the baseline parameters for the measurement system to provide a site measurement option for the positioner location.

Zhou, Zengxiang; Liu, Zhigang; Hu, Hongzhuan; Wang, Jianping; Zhai, Chao; Chu, Jiaru

2014-08-01

371

Technical research for radioactive survey with vehicle scanning  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Vehicle radioactive scanner system can directily and rapidly scan radioactive polluted field to gain the distribution of radioactivity in the ground,search of the 'hot point/hot area', ascertain range and boundary of contaminated site. For distribution characteristic of radioactivity pollution and requirement of radioactivity pollution survey, we made several studies on applications technic of the vehicle NaI scanning system, such as achievement theory and experiment of measurement model, methods of deduction interfering and calibration in measurement low energy nuclide, measurement and calibration of dose rate, measurement radioactivity 'hot particle', methods of searching measurement for 'radioactive hot spot/area', etc. Based on the studying, the technology for the vehicle NaI scanning was established to satisfy the need of on-site measurement. (authors)

372

Research in radiation monitoring survey instrumentation. Final report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two low-power solid-state prototype readout units were developed, an LED display and a LCD display. This display output was in a bar-graph format, covering four-decades of information, with 10-segments per decade. The displays accept a frequency input, which is standardly available from several portable radiation-survey instruments. Both readout units will operate on two D-cell batteries (3.0 Volt), with a typical current drain requirement of 0.3 MA for the LED display and 30?A for the LCD display. A wide-range electrometer circuit was also developed. The circuit covers an input current range from 10-13 A to 10-8 A. The output signal is a pulse whose frequency is directly proportional to input current. The circuit requires no high-megohm resistors, and is autoranging. Several candidate input amplifiers were analyzed and evaluated for use with the electrometer circuit

373

Survey of Clustering based Financial Fraud Detection Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given the current global economic context, increasing efforts are being made to both prevent and detect fraud. This is a natural response to the ascendant trend in fraud activities recorded in the last couple of years, with a 13% increase only in 2011. Due to ever increasing volumes of data needed to be analyzed, data mining methods and techniques are being used more and more often. One domain data mining can excel at, suspicious transaction monitoring, has emerged for the first time as the most effective fraud detection method in 2011. Out of the available data mining techniques, clustering has proven itself a constant applied solution for detecting fraud. This paper surveys clustering techniques used in fraud detection over the last ten years, shortly reviewing each one.

Andrei Sorin SABAU

2012-01-01

374

Editors and Researchers Beware: Calculating Response Rates in Random Digit Dial Health Surveys  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To demonstrate that different approaches to handling cases of unknown eligibility in random digit dial health surveys can contribute to significant differences in response rates. Data Source Primary survey data of individuals with chronic disease. Study Design We computed response rates using various approaches, each of which make different assumptions about the disposition of cases of unknown eligibility. Data Collection Data were collected via telephone interviews as part of the Aligning Forces for Quality (AF4Q) consumer survey, a representative survey of adults with chronic illnesses in 17 communities and nationally. Principal Findings We found that various approaches to estimating eligibility rates can lead to substantially different response rates. Conclusions Health services researchers must consider strategies to standardize response rate reporting, enter into a dialog related to why response rate reporting is important, and begin to utilize alternate methods for demonstrating that survey data are valid and reliable. PMID:22998192

Martsolf, Grant R; Schofield, Robert E; Johnson, David R; Scanlon, Dennis P

2013-01-01

375

A survey of social-scientific research on risk perception  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report gives an overview of empirical studies on the perception of risks such as hazards related to working conditions, private activities, technological developments, residential settings, environmental hazards and global changes. In this research area, psychologists, sociologists and political scientists investigate how individuals rate and evaluate those hazards and their consequences. The main issues are the concepts of risk underlying such judgments, the determinants of perceived risk magnitude and risk acceptance and differences in risk perception between societal groups or cultures. Social-scientific research on risk perception has explicated how people think about risks and make their judgments - a process which is influenced by knowledge, values and feelings and is considerably dependent on the cultural/societal context. Findings are also heterogeneous and validity is sometimes restricted because of methodological shortcomings or cultural constraints. Given the availability of advanced concepts and methods, the continuation of - preferably sophisticated - risk perception research seems worthwhile. (orig.).

Rohrmann, B. (Mannheim Univ. (Germany))

1992-10-01

376

Participant dropout as a function of survey length in internet-mediated university studies: implications for study design and voluntary participation in psychological research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet-mediated research has offered substantial advantages over traditional laboratory-based research in terms of efficiently and affordably allowing for the recruitment of large samples of participants for psychology studies. Core technical, ethical, and methodological issues have been addressed in recent years, but the important issue of participant dropout has received surprisingly little attention. Specifically, web-based psychology studies often involve undergraduates completing lengthy and time-consuming batteries of online personality questionnaires, but no known published studies to date have closely examined the natural course of participant dropout during attempted completion of these studies. The present investigation examined participant dropout among 1,963 undergraduates completing one of six web-based survey studies relatively representative of those conducted in university settings. Results indicated that 10% of participants could be expected to drop out of these studies nearly instantaneously, with an additional 2% dropping out per 100 survey items included in the study. For individual project investigators, these findings hold ramifications for study design considerations, such as conducting a priori power analyses. The present results also have broader ethical implications for understanding and improving voluntary participation in research involving human subjects. Nonetheless, the generalizability of these conclusions may be limited to studies involving similar design or survey content. PMID:21142995

Hoerger, Michael

2010-12-01

377

Fatigue characteristics in multiple sclerosis: the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) survey  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Fatigue is a common disabling symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) and has a significantly negative impact on quality of life. Persons with MS enrolled in the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Patient Registry are invited to complete follow-up surveys every six months to update their original registration information. One of these surveys was designed to focus on the severity and impact of fatigue, and its association with other clinical param...

Vollmer Timothy; Hadjimichael Olympia; Oleen-Burkey MerriKay

2008-01-01

378

Investigation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Questionnaire Validity and Reliability CFS (DSQ Revised  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available   Background and Aim : Diagnostic tools for chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, created for research and clinical investigations in order to use it as a management tool for monitoring patients with this syndrome. The questionnaire is very comprehensive using a self-reporting system and all internal and external definitions according to the America's Center for Disease Control has been covered. It also assesses current and past activity levels and symptoms of fatigue and malaise after routine daily activities to ensure that these items are evaluated as well. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of diagnostic questionnaire for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS.   Materials and Methods : In the discussion of content validity and reliability of survey studies, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, prepared by the Department of Psychology, DePaul University, and was elected a full copy of the correspondence received from the questionnaire ratings. The questionnaire that was translated content validity was assessed by the 20 members of the faculty. However, re-translated from Persian into English for reference, was prepared with modifications, the validity of its validity was confirmed by the authors. Then, 30 nurses were selected to determine the reliability of the questionnaire chronic fatigue syndrome who was working in a Hospital. Inventory management under center and full justification of the researcher and the participants in the study by researchers at the distribution has been completed. The survey was carried out again after 15 days.   Results: The instrument showed good reliability and validity. In discussing the content validity of the Persian translation tool by 20 people associated professor of internal review, and its content validity was determined with respect to two of CVI and the results of CVR , and (CVR=0.7 and CVI=0.85 represents CREDIT the content is good . According to the results, the reliability of the questionnaire CFS, Cronbach's alpha to assess the results of the questionnaire showed very good reliability. Two step test reliability coefficients (ICC = Mixed & and Confidence Interval = 95% also showed a significant relationship among questions as well. However, the internal correlation coefficient obtained for the 8 criteria CFS, showed high internal cohesion.   Conclusion: This study suggests the CFS questionnaire as a reliable instrument for all levels in research and clinical applications. Using this tool can help with background checks and even in advanced levels to be effective, it has enough power and accuracy in the diagnosis of CFS sufferers.

Mohsen Haddadi

2014-05-01

379

Bayesian Cluster Finder: Clusters in the CFHTLS Archive Research Survey  

CERN Document Server

The detection of galaxy clusters in present and future surveys enables measuring mass-to-light ratios, clustering properties, galaxy cluster abundances and therefore, constraining cosmological parameters. We present a new technique for detecting galaxy clusters, which is based on the Matched Filter Algorithm from a Bayesian point of view. The method is able to determine the position, redshift and richness of the cluster through the maximization of a filter depending on galaxy luminosity, density and photometric redshift combined with a galaxy cluster prior that accounts for color-magnitude relations and BCG-redshift relation. We tested the algorithm through realistic mock galaxy catalogs, revealing that the detections are 100% complete and 80% pure for clusters up to z $$20 (Abell Richness $\\sim$0, M$\\sim4\\times10^{14} M_{\\odot}$). The completeness and purity remains approximately the same if we do not include the prior information, implying that this method is able to detect galaxy cluster with and without a...

Ascaso, Begoña; Benítez, Narciso

2011-01-01

380

Towards Horizon 2020: challenges and advances for clinical mental health research – outcome of an expert survey  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The size and increasing burden of disease due to mental disorders in Europe poses substantial challenges to its population and to the health policy of the European Union. This warrants a specific research agenda concerning clinical mental health research as one of the cornerstones of sustainable mental health research and health policy in Europe. The aim of this research was to identify the top priorities needed to address the main challenges in clinical research for mental disorders. Methods The research was conducted as an expert survey and expert panel discussion during a scientific workshop. Results Eighty-nine experts in clinical research and representing most European countries participated in this survey. Identified top priorities were the need for new intervention studies, understanding the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of mechanisms of disease, and research in the field of somatic-psychiatric comorbidity. The “subjectivity gap” between basic neuroscience research and clinical reality for patients with mental disorders is considered the main challenge in psychiatric research, suggesting that a shift in research paradigms is required. Conclusion Innovations in clinical mental health research should bridge the gap between mechanisms underlying novel therapeutic interventions and the patient experience of mental disorder and, if present, somatic comorbidity. Clinical mental health research is relatively underfunded and should receive specific attention in Horizon 2020 funding programs. PMID:25061300

van der Feltz-Cornelis, Christina M; van Os, Jim; Knappe, Susanne; Schumann, Gunter; Vieta, Eduard; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Lewis, Shôn W; Elfeddali, Iman; Wahlbeck, Kristian; Linszen, Donald; Obradors-Tarragó, Carla; Haro, Josep Maria

2014-01-01

381

Sequential Pattern Mining: Survey and Current Research Challenges  

OpenAIRE

The concept of sequence Data Mining was first introduced by Rakesh Agrawal and Ramakrishnan Srikant in the year 1995. The problem was first introduced in the context of market analysis. It aimed to retrieve frequent patterns in the sequences of products purchased by customers through time ordered transactions. Later on its application was extended to complex applications like telecommunication, network detection, DNA research, etc. Several algorithms were proposed. The very first was Apriori ...

Chetna Chand; Amit Thakkar,; Amit Ganatra

2012-01-01

382

Multipath Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks: Survey and Research Challenges  

OpenAIRE

A wireless sensor network is a large collection of sensor nodes with limited power supply and constrained computational capability. Due to the restricted communication range and high density of sensor nodes, packet forwarding in sensor networks is usually performed through multi-hop data transmission. Therefore, routing in wireless sensor networks has been considered an important field of research over the past decade. Nowadays, multipath routing approach is widely used in wireless sensor net...

Marjan Radi; Behnam Dezfouli; Malrey Lee; Kamalrulnizam Abu Bakar

2012-01-01

383

A Survey of Astronomical Research: An Astronomy for Development Baseline  

CERN Document Server

Measuring scientific development is a difficult task. Different metrics have been put forward to evaluate scientific development; in this paper we explore a metric that uses the number of peer-reviewed research research articles as an indicator of development in the field of astronomy. We analyzed the available publication record, using the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Database System, by country affiliation in the time span between 1950 and 2011 for countries with a Gross National Income of less than 14,365 USD in 2010. This represents 149 countries. We propose that this metric identifies countries in `astronomy development' with a culture of research publishing. We also propose that for a country to develop astronomy it should invest in outside expert visits, send their staff abroad to study and establish a culture of scientific publishing. Furthermore, we propose that this paper may be used as a baseline to measure the success of major international projects, such as the International Year of Astronomy 2009.

Ribeiro, V A R M; Cardenas-Avendano, A

2013-01-01

384

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

OpenAIRE

Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

385

?????????????? A Survey of the Research on License Plate Character Segmentation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????License plate recognition based on machine vision, one of the key technologies of intelligent transportation system, has been paid much attention to. Character segmentation plays an important role in license plate recognition and its aim is to divide the character string in license plate into single characters which are easier to be recognized. Gener- ally, character segmentation is composed of binarization and segmentation. After introducing research achievements of related methods for these two parts, we analyze the merits and drawbacks of each method and look into the develop- ment trends of character segmentation in this paper.

???

2013-02-01

386

Pediatric biobanking: a pilot qualitative survey of practices, rules and researcher opinions in ten European countries  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Ethical, legal, and social issues related to the collection, storage, and use of biospecimens and data derived from children raise critical concerns in the international debate. So far, a number of studies have considered a variety of the individual issues crucial to pediatric biobanking such as decision making, privacy protection, minor recontact, and research withdrawal by focusing on theoretical or empirical perspectives. Our research attempted to analyze such issues in a comprehensive manner by exploring practices, rules, and researcher opinions regarding proxy consent, minor assent, specimens and data handling, and return of results as faced in 10 European countries. Because of the lack of comparative analyses of these topics, a pilot study was designed. Following a qualitative methodology, a questionnaire draft mostly including open-ended queries was developed, tested, and sent by e-mail to a selected group of researchers dealing with pediatric biobanking (n=57). Returned questionnaires (n=31) highlighted that the collection, storage, distribution, and use of biospecimens and data from children were widely practiced in the contacted laboratories. In most cases, pediatric biobanking was subjected to national or local regulations covering adult biobanks (n=26). Informed consent was generally given by parents or legal representatives (n=17). Children's opinions were frequently sought and taken into account (n=16). However, minors were usually not recontacted at the age of maturity to express their own choices (n=26). Based on the collected data, dedicated recommendations are needed to govern unique ethical and regulatory issues surrounding pediatric biobanking.

Salvaterra, Elena; Giorda, Roberto

2012-01-01

387

Survey of educational curriculum for nuclear engineering of university in Japan (Contract research)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been advancing the construction of 'Japan Nuclear Education Network (JNEN)' aiming at the human resources development in the nuclear field since FY 2005, and executed the practical training for Nuclear Engineering in 2005-2007. JNEN started the common course for Kanazawa University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, and Fukui University by the remote educational system in FY 2007. In FY 2008, Ibaraki University and Okayama University are scheduled to participate in JNEN. The purpose of the survey is to grasp the present status of educational curriculum for nuclear engineering of university in Japan, and to be helpful for our activities to extend JNEN in future. The questionnaire survey of educational curriculum for nuclear engineering of seventeen universities in Japan was conducted about the future plan of education for nuclear engineering, cooperation with another organization, the request for cooperation with the related constitutions and for the lecture served by JNEN, and approach of universities for the human resources development etc. The present survey leads to the following conclusions. About 80% of seventeen universities hope the cooperation with another university and related institutions to maintain and continue the educational curriculum of nuclear engineering systematically. Their universities request the practical training for nuclear engineering, the dispatch of lecturers each other, the remote educational system in case of participation. There are some problems of the correspondence with the remote educational system, the coordination to dispatch lecturers in each university, the traveling expenses to students and dispatched lecturers for participation in JNEN etc. (author)

388

Self-administered questionnaires and standardized interviews  

OpenAIRE

In the not too distant past there were only two survey methods to choose from: the face-to-face interview and the postal or mail questionnaire. The first scientific interview goes back to 1912 and Bowley's study of working-class conditions in five British cities. while the first postal survey is attributed to Sir John Sinclair in 1788 (for a historical overview. see De Heer et aL 1999). In the first part of the twentieth century face-to-face survey interviews were further developed in the Uni...

Leeuw, E. D.

2008-01-01

389

A SURVEY OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH: A BASELINE FOR ASTRONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Measuring scientific development is a difficult task. Different metrics have been put forward to evaluate scientific development; in this paper we explore a metric that uses the number of peer-reviewed, and when available non-peer-reviewed, research articles as an indicator of development in the field of astronomy. We analyzed the available publication record, using the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/NASA Astrophysics Database System, by country affiliation in the time span between 1950 and 2011 for countries with a gross national income of less than 14,365 USD in 2010. This represents 149 countries. We propose that this metric identifies countries in ''astronomical development'' with a culture of research publishing. We also propose that for a country to develop in astronomy, it should invest in outside expert visits, send its staff abroad to study, and establish a culture of scientific publishing. Furthermore, we propose that this paper may be used as a baseline to measure the success of major international projects, such as the International Year of Astronomy 2009

390

A SURVEY OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH: A BASELINE FOR ASTRONOMICAL DEVELOPMENT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Measuring scientific development is a difficult task. Different metrics have been put forward to evaluate scientific development; in this paper we explore a metric that uses the number of peer-reviewed, and when available non-peer-reviewed, research articles as an indicator of development in the field of astronomy. We analyzed the available publication record, using the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/NASA Astrophysics Database System, by country affiliation in the time span between 1950 and 2011 for countries with a gross national income of less than 14,365 USD in 2010. This represents 149 countries. We propose that this metric identifies countries in ''astronomical development'' with a culture of research publishing. We also propose that for a country to develop in astronomy, it should invest in outside expert visits, send its staff abroad to study, and establish a culture of scientific publishing. Furthermore, we propose that this paper may be used as a baseline to measure the success of major international projects, such as the International Year of Astronomy 2009.

Ribeiro, V. A. R. M. [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Russo, P. [EU Universe Awareness, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO 9513 Leiden, 2300 RA (Netherlands); Cárdenas-Avendaño, A., E-mail: vribeiro@ast.uct.ac.za, E-mail: russo@strw.leidenuniv.nl [Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Carrera 45 No 26-85, Edificio Gutierréz, Bogotá, DC (Colombia)

2013-12-01

391

Canada First: The 2009 Survey of International Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The Canadian Bureau for International Education (CBIE) regularly evaluates the experience of international students in Canada through a benchmarking survey. Canada First 2009 represents the fourth time CBIE has conducted this research. Previous editions appeared in 1988, 1999 and 2004. This year's survey used a revised questionnaire similar…

Humphries, Jennifer, Ed.; Knight-Grofe, Janine, Ed.; Klabunde, Niels, Ed.

2009-01-01

392

A survey of aerosol research in European community programmes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the European Commission's (EC) 3rd Framework Programme (1990-1994) of community research and technological development, aerosol problems are of particular importance in the specific programmes Environment, Nuclear Fission Safety (with emphasis on Reactor Safety and on the Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations), Industrial and Materials Technologies, and Measurement and Testing. Under Environment, significant efforts are directed towards monitoring natural and anthropogenic aerosols in the atmosphere, understanding the role played by aerosols in ecosystem regulation, and the development of techniques to reduce aerosol emission from industrial plants. To ensure Nuclear Fission Safety, investigations are necessary to identify the mechanisms and determine the quantities of fission product aerosols released in the event of an accident and to develop measures for aerosol retention in such cases. The release of radioactive aerosols from nuclear installations in case of fire has been studied, and methods of aerosol abatement by acoustic techniques are under investigation. In decommissioning of nuclear installations the problem of aerosol formation and dispersion arises during dismantling operations. Industrial and Materials Technologies require information on aerosols ranging from welding fumes, asbestos fibres, lead compounds and quartz particles to aerosol/vapour mixtures of toxic products, aerosols from biotechnology industries and airborne micro-organisms. Finally, es and airborne micro-organisms. Finally, for Measurement and Testing, reference aerosols are needed for calibration purposes and to improve and harmonize particle counting characterisation. A brief summary of examples for each of the above activities, carried out in the form of EC cost shared actions or at the Commission's Joint Research Centre, will be given, together with a description of some aerosol problems still to be solved. (Author)

393

Environmental survey at Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, 1991  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In common with many other nuclear facilities, ANSTO undertakes an extensive program of meteorological measurements. The prime reason for such a program is to allow estimates to be made of the downwind concentration of any airborne pollutants, particularly radionuclides, released from the site through routine operations or under accident conditions. The data collection from this program provide the necessary input to the atmospheric dispersion model called ADDCOR (ANSTO 1989) which can be used to compute the effective dose to an individual due to the routine airborne or accidental release of radionuclides from the LHRL. None of the samples taken from possible human food chains in the vicinity of the Lucas Heights Research Laboratories contained radioactivity which could be attributed to the operation of the site. Discharges of airborne radioactive gases were within authorised limits when averaged over the year. The dose to the most sensitive members of the public from iodine-131 release, was -3 mSv/year and the calculated dose from released noble gases to the most exposed individuals was less than 0.01 mSv/year. These figures represent less than one per cent of the most restrictive limits recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. The annual average liquid effluent discharge to the Water Board Sewer during 1991 was less than 29 per cent of the permitted level. For tritium, the concentration was less than 2 per cent of the specified limit. The data presented in this report clearly shows that the environmental impact of operations at LHRL has been very low. The effective dose to residents living in the immediate neighbourhood of the reactor are very difficult to measure directly but calculated dose estimates are far lower than those due to natural background radiation and medical exposures. 24 refs., 19 tabs., 4 figs

394

Questionnaire typography and production.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

395

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

Science.gov (United States)

This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

396

Effects of New Audit Regulation on Auditor´s Perceptions by Independence Issues, Audit Planning Activities and Reporting Decisions : Comparative Questionnaire Surveys 1995 and 2005 in a Danish Context  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper examines the effects of new audit regulation on the behaviour of Danish State Authorized Public Accountants when they confront independence threats, audit planning activities and reporting problematic findings in the audit report. The detail approach and the stressing of the importance of scepticism in new audit regulation are expected to make the auditors´ decisions by interpreting principles more restrictive, or direct in conformity with prescriptive regulation, whereas the importance of professional judgement is diminishing by independence threats and reporting decisions. Furthermore, the complexity of the new audit process is likely to increase the weight of planning and reporting activities, the use of qualified resources (senior staff and State Authorized Public Accountants) and interim auditing. The approach used is questionnaire surveys in 1995 and 2005 respectively, in 1995 with 94 and in 2005 with 121 State Authorized Public Accountants as respondents. The hypotheses are supported, except for the absence of an expected complexity effect of the new audit process in the context of a small audit engagement. Auditors are more restrictive in 2005 when confronted with threats of self evaluations by second engagements for an audit client, by a big audit client they take the complexity of the new audit process into account, and they do more often report problematic findings in compliance with regulation in 2005. Finally their reporting decisions are less influenced by external factors in regard to consequences for the client and the personal relati