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Sample records for posterior-lateral lumbar interbody

  1. Percutaneous posterior-lateral lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative disc disease using a B-Twin expandable spinal spacer

    Xiao, Lizu; Xiong, Donglin; Zhang, Qiang; Jian, Jin; Zheng, Husan; Luo, Yuhui; Dai, Juanli; Zhang, Deren

    2009-01-01

    Degenerative disc disease (DDD) causes gradual intervertebral space collapse, concurrent discogenic or facet-induced pain, and possible compression radiculopathy. A new minimal invasion procedure of percutaneous posterior-lateral lumbar interbody fusion (PPLIF) using a B-Twin stand-alone expandable spinal spacer (ESS) was designed to treat this disease and evaluated by follow-up more than 1 year. 12 cases with chronic low back pain and compressive radiculopathy due to DDD refractory were sele...

  2. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    DiPaola, Christian P; Molinari, Robert W

    2008-03-01

    Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) create intervertebral fusion by means of a posterior approach. Both techniques are useful in managing degenerative disk disease, severe instability, spondylolisthesis, deformity, and pseudarthrosis. Successful results have been reported with allograft, various cages (for interbody support), autograft, and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. Interbody fusion techniques may facilitate reduction and enhance fusion. The rationale for PLIF and TLIF is biomechanically sound. However, clinical outcomes of different anterior and posterior spinal fusion techniques tend to be similar. PLIF has a high complication rate (dural tear, 5.4% to 10%; neurologic injury, 9% to 16%). These findings, coupled with the versatility of TLIF throughout the entire lumbar spine, may make TLIF the ideal choice for an all-posterior interbody fusion. PMID:18316711

  3. Comparison of the early results of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterior lumbar interbody fusion in symptomatic lumbar instability

    Najmus Sakeb; Kamrul Ahsan

    2013-01-01

    Background: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been preferred to posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for different spinal disorders but there had been no study comparing their outcome in lumbar instability. A comparative retrospective analysis of the early results of TLIF and PLIF in symptomatic lumbar instability was conducted between 2005 and 2011. Materials and Methods: Review of the records of 102 operated cases of lumbar instability with minimum 1 year followup was...

  4. Contralateral radiculopathy after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

    Hunt, Travis; Shen, Francis H.; Shaffrey, Christopher I.; Arlet, Vincent

    2007-01-01

    Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is an effective treatment for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and degenerative disc disease. Opposite side radiculopathy after the TLIF procedure has been recognized in this institution but has not been addressed in the literature. We present a case of opposite side radiculopathy after the TLIF procedure. We believe that this complication is related to asymptomatic stenosis on the contralateral side that is unmasked by the increased l...

  5. Treatment of large lumbar disc herniation with percutaneous ozone injection via the posterior-lateral route and inner margin of the facet joint

    Wei Lu, Yan-Hao Li, Xiao-Feng He

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous ozone injection via the posterior-lateral route and inner margin of the facet joint in the treatment of large lumbar disc herniation.METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with large lumbar disc herniation were treated with percutaneous injection of ozone via the posterior-lateral route and inner margin of the facet joint under digital subtraction angiography. Second injections were performed 5 d after the initial injection. All patients were followed up for 6-18 mo. A modified Macnab method was used for assessing clinical outcomes after oxygen-ozone therapy.RESULTS: Successful puncture was obtained in all patients. The overall efficacy was 91.4%; the outcome was the excellent in 37 cases (63.8%, good in 16 cases (27.6% and fair/poor in 5 cases (8.6% according to the Macnab criteria. No severe complications were found throughout this study.CONCLUSION: Percutaneous intradiscal ozone injection via the posterior-lateral route and inner margin of the facet joint is effective and safe for treatment of large lumbar disc herniation.

  6. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a safe technique with satisfactory three to five year results

    Hackenberg, Lars; Halm, Henry; Bullmann, Viola; Vieth, Volker; Schneider, Marc; Liljenqvist, Ulf

    2005-01-01

    The unilateral transforaminal approach for lumbar interbody fusion as an alternative to the anterior (ALIF) and traditional posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) combined with pedicle screw instrumentation is gaining in popularity. At present, a prospective study using a standardized tool for outcome measurement after the transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) with a follow-up of at least 3 years is not available in the current literature, although there have been reports on specifi...

  7. A Radiological Comparison of Anterior Fusion Rates in Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    McCarthy, M. J. H.; Ng, L; Vermeersch, G.; Chan, D.

    2012-01-01

    Aim?To compare anterior fusion in standalone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using cage and screw constructs and anterior cagealone constructs with posterior pedicle screw supplementation but without posterior fusion.

  8. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with facet-screw fixation.

    Stonecipher, T; Wright, S

    1989-04-01

    The optimal surgical construct for lumbar fusion remains controversial. The posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) operation offers advantages including total nuclear disc excision, restoration of disc-space height, root decompression, limited muscle retraction and injury, and solid mechanical arthrodesis. Major disadvantages have included graft displacement, neurologic injury and nonunion. The use of posterior fixation as an adjunct to PLIF reduces the probability of these complications and increases the chances of fusion. This study examines 35 patients who underwent PLIF and facet-screw fixation. Indications for surgery included disabling low-back pain with discographic/MRI-demonstrated disc derrangement, recurrent disc herniation, and failed inter-transverse process fusions. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 18 months. There were no patients with significant neurologic injury or functional root loss. One patient developed graft displacement and failure of fixation (laminar fracture in markedly obese patient). Three patients had subcutaneous hematomas (no surgical treatment required). None of the cases required blood replacement. The authors have concluded that the addition of facet fixation/fusion to the PLIF operation substantially reduces the complication rate of the procedure. PMID:2718053

  9. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion combined with instrumented postero-lateral fusion: 5-year results in 60 patients

    Freeman, B. J. C.; Licina, P.; Mehdian, S. H.

    2000-01-01

    The technique of posterior lumbar interbody fusion allows decompression of the spinal canal and interbody fusion through one posterior incision. A number of techniques exist to achieve additional posterior stability. The literature reports wide variation in outcomes for these different techniques. We assessed retrospectively the clinical and radiological outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) supplemented with an instrumented postero-lateral fusion (IPLF) using a pedicle screw sy...

  10. Modified Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Radiculopathy Following Healed Vertebral Collapse of the Middle-Lower Lumbar Spine

    Yamashita, Tomoya; Sakaura, Hironobu; Miwa, Toshitada; Ohwada, Tetsuo

    2014-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Objectives Lumbar radiculopathy is rarely observed in patients who have achieved bony healing of vertebral fractures in the middle-lower lumbar spine. The objectives of the study were to clarify the clinical features of such radiculopathy and to evaluate the preliminary outcomes of treatment using a modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) procedure. Methods Fourteen patients with at least 2-year follow-up were enrolled in this study. The radiologic ...

  11. Surgical outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation for lumbar spondylolisthesis

    Problems of lumbar spondylolisthesis treatment are many surgical tactics, elderly patient, osteoporosis, complications and recurrence of the symptoms. PLIF (posterior lumbar interbody fusion) and PS (pedicle screw) fixation technique for lumbar spondylolisthesis provide good patient satisfaction. Good outcome has been reported by only laminectomy alone, but patient satisfaction becomes worse year after year. The role of instrumentation for lumbar spondylolisthesis is decompression of the nerve root, correction of lumbar pathologies, bony fusion and early mobilization. We show our surgical technique and long term outcome of PLIF with PS for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Three hundred and fifty cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis were operated on in Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University during the period of from December 1992 to August 2008. Patient background: age 16-84 years old (mean 62.5), Gender: male 153, female 197. Follow-up period 1-180 months (mean 61.2). Degenerative: 255, Isthmic: 63, Dysplastic: 10, Fracture: 5 and scoliosis 16 cases. Surgical procedure was PS with interbody fusion cage: 331, Hybrid cage (titanium cage with hydroxyapatite) 314, PS with Cerabone: 2 and PS with autograft: 17. CT was done to evaluate bony fusion postoperatively. Post operative improvements by JOA (Japan Orthopedic Association) score is 11.4 before surgery, 24.1 (post op. within 2 years), 25.4 (post op. 2-5 years), 25.0 (post op. 5-10 years) and 22.4 (post op. 10-15 years). Significant improvements were observed in %Slip and Slip angle but no remarkable change was observed in lumbar lordotic angle by postoperative X-ray evaluation. No root injury, and systemic complication except 4 cases of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage during surgery. Two cases were reoperated in whom cage with autograft migration due to pseudoarthrosis. Two cases had to undergo screw and cage system removal due to infection. Two cases of adjacent level stenosis had to undergo operation 10 tears after surgery in this study. Rigid fixation (PLIF+PS) technique for lumbar spondylolisthesis provide good surgical result for over 15 years. Minimum invasive surgery is popular but this technique achieved good satisfaction for patient and prevent malpractice. (author)

  12. Perioperative complications of threaded cylindrical lumbar interbody fusion devices: anterior versus posterior approach.

    Scaduto, Anthony A; Gamradt, Seth C; Yu, Warren D; Huang, Jerry; Delamarter, Rick B; Wang, Jeffrey C

    2003-12-01

    Few data are available to evaluate approach-related differences in perioperative complications with lumbar interbody fusion devices. Complications occurring in the intraoperative and immediate postoperative period were identified and categorized for 31 consecutive posterior lumbar interbody fusions (PLIFs) and 88 consecutive anterior lumbar interbody fusions (ALIFs). In this study, all lumbar interbody fusions were conducted with threaded cylindrical devices as stand-alone internal fixation devices. Multivariate analysis was used to account for potential covariates and identify factors associated with an increased complication risk. Twenty-two percent of the patients had a perioperative complication. The relative risk of having a perioperative complication was 4.75 times higher for the PLIF group. All intraoperative complications occurred in the PLIF group. The relative risk of having a major postoperative complication was 6.8 times higher in the PLIF group than the ALIF group. Anterior approached patients tended to have visceral (ileus, 6%) and vascular (deep venous thrombosis, 2%) complications. In the posterior group, complications were neurologic and dura related (pseudomeningocele, 16%; epidural hematoma, 3%) and occurred most frequently in patients that had had previous posterior lumbar surgery (31% with major complication). PMID:14657745

  13. [The results of decompression and anterior lumbar interbody fusion with the use of interbody cages for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis].

    Luczkiewicz, Piotr; Smoczy?ski, Andrzej; Smoczy?ski, Maciej; Pankowski, Rafa?; Piotrowski, Maciej

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we reviewed 28 patients who had been treated surgically for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. They were operated between 1998-2003. The decompression and anterior lumbar interbody fusion with the use of interbody cages, was performed in all of them. The outcome was assessed using rating system of Prolo and VAPS. The disc height, degree of slippage and segmental lordosis were measured, on the radiographs, before surgery, after 6 weeks and at the time of final follow-up. In all cases spinal fusion was achieved. The disc height, degree of slipage and segmental lordosis were improved and these results were stable in time. A significant decrease in radicular pain and low back pain were seen but the relation between clinical and radiological autcomes was not observed. PMID:17131721

  14. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using rhBMP-2.

    Meisel, Hans Jörg; Schnöring, Mark; Hohaus, Christian; Minkus, Yvonne; Beier, Andre; Ganey, Timothy; Mansmann, Ulrich

    2008-12-01

    The use of biological technologies for the treatment of degenerative spinal diseases has undergone rapid clinical and scientific development. BMP strategies have gained wide support for an inherent potential to improve the ossification process. It has been extensively studied in combination with various techniques for spinal stabilisation from both anterior and posterior approach. We studied the fusion process after implantation of rhBMP-2 in 17 patients with degenerative lumbar spine diseases in combination with dorsal fixation with pedicle screws and poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) interbody cages. We used 12 mg rhBMP-2 carried by collagen sponge, 6 mg in every cage. Patient follow up consisted of pre-operative radiographic and clinical evaluation. Similar post-operative evaluations were performed at 3 and 6 months. Clinical assessment demonstrated clear improvement in all patients despite evidence of vertebral endplate osteoclastic activity in the 3-month radiographs. The 6-month radiograph, however, confirmed evidence of fusion, and no untoward results or outcomes were noted. While previous studies have shown exclusively positive results in both fusion rates and process, our study demonstrated an intermediate morphology at 3 months during the ossification process using Induct Os in combination with peek-cages using a PLIF-technique. The transient resorption of bone surrounding the peek cage did not result in subsidence, pain or complication, and fusion was reached in all cases within a 6-month-controlled evaluation. Although there was no negative influence on clinical outcome, the potential for osteoclastic or metabolic resorption bears watching during the post-surgical follow up. PMID:18839225

  15. Comparison of the early results of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterior lumbar interbody fusion in symptomatic lumbar instability

    Najmus Sakeb

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: Both methods were effective in relieving symptoms, achieving structural restoration, stability, and fusion, but TLIF had been associated with shorter operative time, less blood loss, and lesser complication rates for which it can be preferred for symptomatic lumbar instability.

  16. Extraforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Cage Migration after Screw Removal: A Case Report

    Kim, Myung Hoon; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Sung Hoon; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2013-01-01

    The use of titanium cages for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has gained popularity because it offers the advantages of anterior column support and stabilization. However, cage migration into the spinal canal may have severe or disastrous consequences. Here, the authors report an unexpected case of posterior migration of fusion cages after screw removal in a patient that underwent PLIF 12 months previously. Removal of the offending cages through revision extraforaminal lumbar interbo...

  17. MINIMALLY INVASIVE TRANSFORAMINAL LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION IN DEGENERATIVE LUMBAR SPINE DISEASE

    Pankaj

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MI-TLIF and to analyze the surgical outcome for degenerative lumbar spine disease. METHODS A multicenter retrospective analysis of 20 patients who underwent a MI-TLIF by image guidance from 1 January 2012 to April 2015. The study included 13 males and 7 females (Mean age 53 year. CT scan of operating area was done to evaluate the pedicle screw, cage placement and fusion at 6 months post operatively. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI scores and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS were recorded pre-operatively and at 6-month followup. RESULTS Eighteen (90% patients had evidence of fusion at 6 months post operatively with a mean improvement of 34 on the ODI score. Mean length of hospital stay was 4 days. The mean operative time was 170min. One patient developed transient nerve root pain in the postoperative period which was managed conservatively and one patient developed superficial wound infection. There was no case of CSF leak. CONCLUSION MI-TLIF is a safe and effective surgical procedure for management of degenerative lumbar spine disease.

  18. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion as a Salvage Technique for Pseudarthrosis following Posterior Lumbar Fusion Surgery.

    Mobbs, Ralph J; Phan, Kevin; Thayaparan, Ganesha K; Rao, Prashanth J

    2016-02-01

    Study Design?Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected observational data. Objective?To assess the safety and efficacy of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) as a salvage option for lumbar pseudarthrosis following failed posterior lumbar fusion surgery. Methods?From 2009 to 2013, patient outcome data was collected prospectively over 5 years from 327 patients undergoing ALIF performed by a single surgeon (R.J.M.) with 478 levels performed. Among these, there were 20 cases of failed prior posterior fusion that subsequently underwent ALIF. Visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Short Form 12-item health survey (SF-12) were measured pre- and postoperatively. The verification of fusion was determined by utilizing a fine-cut computed tomography scan at 12-month follow-up. Results?There was a significant difference between the preoperative (7.25??0.8) and postoperative (3.1??2.1) VAS scores (p?Composite Score (32.18??5.5 versus 41.07??9.67, p?=?0.0003) and Mental Health Composite Score (36.62??12.25 versus 50.89??10.86, p?=?0.0001). Overall, 19 patients (95%) achieved successful fusion. Conclusions?Overall, our results suggest that the ALIF procedure results not only in radiographic improvements in bony fusion but in significant improvements in the patient's physical and mental experience of pain secondary to lumbar pseudarthrosis. Future multicenter registry studies and randomized controlled trials should be conducted to confirm the long-term benefit of ALIF as a salvage option for failed posterior lumbar fusion. PMID:26835197

  19. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Management of Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Purpose To study the surgical outcome of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) combined with trans-pedicular screws fixation for management of selected cases of recurrent lumbar disc herniation. Overview of Literature Recurrent lumbar disc herniation is a major cause of surgical failure, occurring in 5%11% of cases. The optimal technique for treatment is controversial. Some authors believe that repeated simple discectomy is the treatment of choice, but approach-related complications can be considerable. Other surgeons prefer more removal of posterior elements (as lamina and facet joints) with posterior fusion. Methods The study included 15 patients who presented with symptomatic recurrent lumbar disc herniation who underwent reoperation through posterior trans-pedicular screws and TLIF in our department from April 2008 to May 2010, with a 24-month follow-up. Japanese Orthopedic Association Scale (JOA) was used for low back pain. The results of surgery were also evaluated with the MacNab classification. Results The mean JOA score showed significant improvement, increasing from 9.5 before surgery to 24.0 at the end of follow-up (p<0.001). Clinical outcome was excellent in 7 patients (46% of cases), good in 6 patients (40%) and fair in only 2 patients (14%). There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between patients presenting with recurrent disc at the ipsilateral side and those at the contralateral side. Conclusions In spite of the small number of patients and the short follow-up period, the good clinical and radiological outcome achieved in this study encourage the belief that TLIF is an effective option for the treatment of selected cases of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.

  20. Extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for cage migration after screw removal: a case report.

    Kim, Myung Hoon; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Sung Hoon; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2013-06-01

    The use of titanium cages for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has gained popularity because it offers the advantages of anterior column support and stabilization. However, cage migration into the spinal canal may have severe or disastrous consequences. Here, the authors report an unexpected case of posterior migration of fusion cages after screw removal in a patient that underwent PLIF 12 months previously. Removal of the offending cages through revision extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ELIF) with percutaneous screw fixation successfully managed this complication. As far as the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report to describe this sort of complication, and cautions that care must be taken to prevent cage migration. PMID:24757471

  1. Repeated Migration of a Fusion Cage after Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    Lee, Jun Gue; Lee, Sung Myung; Kim, Seok Won; Shin, Ho

    2013-01-01

    Although posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a widely accepted procedure, perioperative and postoperative complications are still encountered. In particular, cage migration can result in severe sequelae, and revision surgery is technically demanded. Here, we report a rare case of repeated migration of a fusion cage after PLIF. To the best of our knowledge, no report has been previously issued on repeated migration of a fusion cage after PLIF. The authors discuss the radiological and c...

  2. Vertebral osteolytic defect due to cellulose particles derived from gauze fibers after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Takenaka, Shota; Mukai, Yoshihiro; Hosono, Noboru; Tateishi, Kosuke; Fuji, Takeshi

    2014-12-01

    Vertebral cystic lesions may be observed in pseudarthroses after lumbar fusion surgery. The authors report a rare case of pseudarthrosis after spinal fusion, accompanied by an expanding vertebral osteolytic defect induced by cellulose particles. A male patient originally presented at the age of 69 years with leg and low-back pain caused by a lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis. He underwent a posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and his neurological symptoms and pain resolved within a year but recurred 14 months after surgery. Radiological imaging demonstrated a cystic lesion on the inferior endplate of L-5 and the superior endplate of S-1, which rapidly enlarged into a vertebral osteolytic defect. The patient underwent revision surgery, and his low-back pain resolved. A histopathological examination demonstrated foreign body-type multinucleated giant cells, containing 10-?m particles, in the sample collected just below the defect. Micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that the foreign particles were cellulosic, presumably originating from cotton gauze fibers that had contaminated the interbody cages used during the initial surgery. Vertebral osteolytic defects that occur after interbody fusion are generally presumed to be the result of infection. This case suggests that some instances of vertebral osteolytic defects may be aseptically induced by foreign particles. Hence, this possibility should be carefully considered in such cases, to help prevent contamination of the morselized bone used for autologous grafts by foreign materials, such as gauze fibers. PMID:25259557

  3. POSTERIOR LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION AND INSTRUMENTED POSTEROLATERAL FUSION IN ADULT SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: ASSESSMENT AND CLINICAL OUTCOME

    Rajarajan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study is to assess and compare the outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and posterolateral fusion (PLF in adult isthmic spondylosthesis. BACKGROUND: Posterolateral fusion has been considered the best method and widely been used for surgical treatment of adult spondylolisthesis.Superior results have subsequently been reported with interbody fusion with cages and posterior instrumentation MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty six patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis were operated. One group (20 patients had decompression and posterolateral fusion (PLF with a pedicle screw system; other group (16 patients was treated by decompression, posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and a Pedicle screw system. In both groups adequate decompression was done RESULTS: Seventy seven percent of the patients had a good result with (PLIF and 68 percent with posterolateral fusion (PLF. However there was no statistical difference in cases with low grade slipping, whereas the difference was significant for cases with high grade slipping. Fusion rate was 93% with (PLIF and 68% with (PLF, but without any significant incidence in the functional outcome. 78% has relief of sciatica and neurogenic claudication. CONCLUSION: Based on these findings we found that for high grade spondylolisthesis which requires reduction or if the disc space is still high posterior lumbar inter body fusion is preferable. For low grade spondylolisthesis or if the disc space is narrow posterolateral fusion is preferable. A successful result of fusion operation depends on adequate decompression which relieves radicular symptoms.

  4. Expandable Polyaryl-Ether-Ether-Ketone Spacers for Interbody Distraction in the Lumbar Spine.

    Alimi, Marjan; Shin, Benjamin; Macielak, Michael; Hofstetter, Christoph P; Njoku, Innocent; Tsiouris, Apostolos J; Elowitz, Eric; Härtl, Roger

    2015-06-01

    Study Design Retrospective case series. Objective StaXx XD (Spine Wave, Inc., Shelton, CT, United States) is an expandable polyaryl-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) wafer implant utilized in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. PEEK implants have been successfully used as interbody devices. Few studies have focused on expandable PEEK devices. The aim of the current study is to determine the radiographic and clinical outcome of expandable PEEK cages utilized for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods Forty-nine patients who underwent lumbar interbody fusion with implantation of expandable PEEK cages and posterior instrumentation were included. The clinical outcome was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Radiographic parameters including disk height, foraminal height, listhesis, local disk angle of the index level/levels, regional lumbar lordosis, and graft subsidence were measured preoperatively, postoperatively, and at latest follow-up. Results At an average follow-up of 19.3 months, the minimum clinically important difference for the ODI and VAS back, buttock, and leg were achieved in 64, 52, 58, and 52% of the patients, respectively. There was statistically significant improvement in VAS back (6.42 versus 3.11, p significant increase in the average disk height (6.49 versus 8.18 mm, p = 0.037) and foraminal height (15.6 versus 18.53 mm, p = 0.0001), and a significant reduction in the listhesis (5.13 versus 3.15 mm, p = 0.005). The subsidence of 0.66 mm (7.4%) observed at the latest follow-up was not significant (p = 0.35). Conclusions Midterm results indicate that expandable PEEK spacers can effectively and durably restore disk and foraminal height and improve the outcome without significant subsidence. PMID:26131383

  5. AxiaLIF system: minimally invasive device for presacral lumbar interbody spinal fusion

    Rapp SM

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Steven M Rapp1, Larry E Miller2,3, Jon E Block31Michigan Spine Institute, Waterford, MI, USA; 2Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Biltmore Lake, NC, USA; 3Jon E. Block, Ph.D., Inc., San Francisco, CA, USAAbstract: Lumbar fusion is commonly performed to alleviate chronic low back and leg pain secondary to disc degeneration, spondylolisthesis with or without concomitant lumbar spinal stenosis, or chronic lumbar instability. However, the risk of iatrogenic injury during traditional anterior, posterior, and transforaminal open fusion surgery is significant. The axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLIF system is a minimally invasive fusion device that accesses the lumbar (L4S1 intervertebral disc spaces via a reproducible presacral approach that avoids critical neurovascular and musculoligamentous structures. Since the AxiaLIF system received marketing clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration in 2004, clinical studies of this device have reported high fusion rates without implant subsidence, significant improvements in pain and function, and low complication rates. This paper describes the design and approach of this lumbar fusion system, details the indications for use, and summarizes the clinical experience with the AxiaLIF system to date.Keywords: AxiaLIF, fusion, lumbar, minimally invasive, presacral

  6. Subsidence after anterior lumbar interbody fusion using paired stand-alone rectangular cages

    Choi, Jae Young; Sung, Kyeong Hoon

    2005-01-01

    The authors conducted a study to determine at what stage after surgery the subsidence occurred, and to assess the relationships of radiographic fusion and the recurrence of symptoms with the development of subsidence. Ninety patients underwent a single-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using paired stand-alone rectangular cages between November 2000 and June 2002. All patients had regular clinical or imaging follow-up for a minimum of 19 months (range 19–38 months, mean = 27 month...

  7. Repeated migration of a fusion cage after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Lee, Jun Gue; Lee, Sung Myung; Kim, Seok Won; Shin, Ho

    2013-03-01

    Although posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a widely accepted procedure, perioperative and postoperative complications are still encountered. In particular, cage migration can result in severe sequelae, and revision surgery is technically demanded. Here, we report a rare case of repeated migration of a fusion cage after PLIF. To the best of our knowledge, no report has been previously issued on repeated migration of a fusion cage after PLIF. The authors discuss the radiological and clinical findings of this unusual complication with a review of the literature. PMID:24757453

  8. Excessive distraction of lumbar disc space induces early degeneration of the adjacent segment after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)

    Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for lumbar spondylolisthesis usually results in an excellent outcome, but the problem of so-called adjacent segment disease (ASD) remains unresolved. ASD at L3/4 was investigated in 85 patients with LA spondylolisthesis treated by L4/5 PLIF with uniform pedicle screws and interbody cages who had been followed up for more than two years (mean, 38.8±17.1 months). The patients were divided into three groups according to the final outcome: a group without ASD (n=58), a group with radiological ASD (n=14), and a group with clinical ASD (n=13). Eleven patients in the third group were reoperated to treat L3/4 lesions. L4-5 disc height distraction by cage insertion in the three groups was 3.1 mm, 4.4 mm, and 6.2 mm, respectively, and the latter two values were significantly higher than the first value. Excessive distraction of the L4/5 disc space proved to be a significant risk factor for radiological and clinical ASD at L3/4. (author)

  9. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using rhBMP-2

    Meisel, Hans Jörg; Schnöring, Mark; Hohaus, Christian; Minkus, Yvonne; Beier, Andre; Ganey, Timothy; Mansmann, Ulrich

    2008-01-01

    The use of biological technologies for the treatment of degenerative spinal diseases has undergone rapid clinical and scientific development. BMP strategies have gained wide support for an inherent potential to improve the ossification process. It has been extensively studied in combination with various techniques for spinal stabilisation from both anterior and posterior approach. We studied the fusion process after implantation of rhBMP-2 in 17 patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease...

  10. TranS1 VEO system: a novel psoas-sparing device for transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion

    Hardenbrook MA; Miller LE; Block JE

    2013-01-01

    Mitchell A Hardenbrook,1,2 Larry E Miller,3,4 Jon E Block4 1Advanced Spine Institute of Greater Boston, North Billerica, MA, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 3Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Arden, NC, 4The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract: Minimally invasive approaches for lumbar interbody fusion have been popularized in recent years. The retroperitoneal transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine is a technique that allows dir...

  11. Iatrogenic Baastrup's Syndrome: A Potential Complication Following Anterior Interbody Lumbar Spinal Surgery

    Russo, Glenn S.; Castro, Carlos A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Baastrup's Syndrome is a condition that occurs when there is abnormal contact between two adjacent spinous processes resulting in back pain. An alteration in lumbar spinal alignment and/or adjacent segment compensatory motion is thought to be potential causative factors. The objective of this study was to present a case series of what appears to be iatrogenic Baastrup's Syndrome as a mid-to-late term complication following anterior lumbar interbody surgery. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients undergoing anterior lumbar surgery for either fusion or disc replacement to determine the prevalence of Baastrup's Syndrome. Results Over a 12-year period, 855 patients who had undergone an anterior approach for lumbar spine surgery were identified. Of them 8 patients with evidence of Baastrup's Syndrome were found; this demonstrated a prevalence of 0.9%. Diagnostic injection was a helpful clinical tool in confirming the diagnosis of iatrogenic Baastrup's Syndrome. The partial removal of the impinging spinous processes resulted in excellent clinical relief. Conclusions Iatrogenic Baastrup's Syndrome may be an iatrogenic result of anterior lumbar surgery in small group of patients. Spinous process excision is a suggested treatment option. Further studies are necessary to explore the above phenomenon. This study is a Level 3 retrospective case series. PMID:26767158

  12. Primary investigation of clinical application of percutaneous posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Objective: To characterize the feasibility, key technology, indications and clinical outcome of percutaneous lumbar interbody fusion. Methods: Clinical data from 32 cases [16 male, 16 female, age range 31-77 years, average disease duration (5.02.0) years] underwent percutaneous nucleotomy and endplate curettage was retrospectively analyzed. After percutaneous nucleotomy and endplate curettage, one expandable spinal spacer B-twin was introduced into the intervertebral space and some allograft cancellous bone implanted around the B-twin. Indications for treatment included degenerative lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with intervertebral distability or I degree spondylolisthesis (21 cases), LDH with intervertebral space collapse (10 cases) and lumbar discogenic pain (1 case). The symptoms and function of all patients were evaluated before, 3 months and 12 months after the operation by clinical outcome judgment criterion of surgical treatment for low back pain formulated by JOA, and the rate of clinical improvement and treatment efficacy were calculated. The JOA scales preoperatively, postoperatively and on the final follow-up was compared using ANOVA in SPSS. The changes before and after surgery with the JOA score and the the rate of clinical improvement between 3 months and 12 months after the operation was also compared using ?2 test. Results: The average operation time 1 hour and blood loss 0.05). Conclusions: Percutaneous posterior lumbar interbody fusion with B-twin expandable fusion cage could lead to satisfactory outcome in the treatment of degenerative disc disease and intervertebral instability, which minimize surgical soft tissue and trauma spinal damage, does not destroy the structure of spinal stability. The long-term outcome, complications and fusion rate need further observing. (authors)

  13. A randomized double-blind prospective study of the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic fields for interbody lumbar fusions

    Mooney, V. (Univ. of California, Irvine (USA))

    1990-07-01

    A randomized double-blind prospective study of pulsed electromagnetic fields for lumbar interbody fusions was performed on 195 subjects. There were 98 subjects in the active group and 97 subjects in the placebo group. A brace containing equipment to induce an electromagnetic field was applied to patients undergoing interbody fusion in the active group, and a sham brace was used in the control group. In the active group there was a 92% success rate, while the control group had a 65% success rate (P greater than 0.005). The effectiveness of bone graft stimulation with the device is thus established.

  14. Comparison of adjacent segment disease after minimally invasive or open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

    Yee, Timothy J; Terman, Samuel W; La Marca, Frank; Park, Paul

    2014-10-01

    Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a potential long-term risk after lumbar fusion. Its incidence has been evaluated in anterior and posterior lumbar interbody fusions, but few studies have focused on transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Relative risk of ASD with open or minimally invasive (MI) TLIF is poorly understood. To report our experience with risk for ASD in patients receiving TLIF and test its association with surgical approach, we performed a retrospective cohort study based on medical record review at a single institution. Eligible patients were ⩾ 18 years old at operation, underwent single-level TLIF during the period 2007-2008, and had at least 6 months postoperative follow-up. Patients were categorized by surgical approach (open versus MI). Primary outcome of interest was development of symptomatic ASD, defined by (1) new back and/or leg pain, (2) imaging findings adjacent to original surgical level, and (3) decision to treat. A total of 68 patients (16 open, 52 MI) were included in the analysis. Groups had similar baseline characteristics, except the open group tended to be older (p=0.04). Seven (10%) patients developed ASD. Mean patient age was 62 years and three were male. Three underwent open and four underwent MI TLIF. Risk of ASD did not differ significantly by surgical approach. The MI group showed a trend toward decreased risk of ASD compared to the open group, although it was not statistically significant. This suggests MI TLIF may be associated with decreased long-term morbidity compared to the open approach. Large prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings. PMID:24880486

  15. The influence of cage positioning and cage type on cage migration and fusion rates in patients with monosegmental posterior lumbar interbody fusion and posterior fixation

    Abbushi, Alexander; ?abraja, Mario; Thomale, Ulrich-Wilhelm; Woiciechowsky, Christian; Kroppenstedt, Stefan Nikolaus

    2009-01-01

    In posterior lumbar interbody fusion, cage migrations and lower fusion rates compared to autologous bone graft used in the anterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure are documented. Anatomical and biomechanical data have shown that the cage positioning and cage type seem to play an important role. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of cage positioning and cage type on cage migration and fusion. We created a grid system for the endplates to analyze different cag...

  16. Comparison of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion in Monosegmental Vacuum Phenomenon within an Intervertebral Disc

    An, Ki-Chan; Kong, Gyu-Min; Park, Dae-Hyun; Youn, Ji-Hong; Lee, Woon-Seong

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective. Purpose To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of posterolateral lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) in monosegmental vacuum phenomenon within an intervertebral disc. Overview of Literature The vacuum phenomenon within an intervertebral disc is a serious form of degenerative disease that destabilizes the intervertebral body. Outcomes of PLIF and PLF in monosegmental vacuum phenomenon are unclear. Methods Monosegmental instrumented PLIF and PLF was performed on 84 degenerative lumbar disease patients with monosegmental vacuum phenomenon (PLIF, n=38; PLF, n=46). Minimum follow-up was 24 months. Clinical outcomes of leg and back pain were assessed using visual analogue scales for leg pain (LVAS) and back pain (BVAS), and the Oswestry disability index (ODI). The radiographic outcome was the estimated bony union rate. Results LVAS, BVAS, and ODI improved in both groups. There was no significant difference in the degree of these improvements between PLIF and PLF patients (p>0.05). Radiological union rate was 91.1% in PLIF group and 89.4% in PLF group at postoperative 24 months (p>0.05). Conclusions No significant differences in clinical results and union rates were found between PLIF and PLF patients. Selection of the operation technique will reflect the surgeon's preferences and patient condition.

  17. Axial lumbar interbody fusion: a 6-year single-center experience

    Zeilstra DJ

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Dick J Zeilstra,1 Larry E Miller,2,3 Jon E Block3 1Bergman Clinics, Naarden and NedSpine, Ede, The Netherlands; 2Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc, Arden, NC, USA; 3The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Introduction: The aim of this study is to report our 6-year single-center experience with L5–S1 axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLIF. Methods: A total of 131 patients with symptomatic degenerative disc disease refractory to nonsurgical treatment were treated with AxiaLIF at L5–S1, and were followed for a minimum of 1 year (mean: 21 months. Main outcomes included back and leg pain severity, Oswestry Disability Index score, working status, analgesic medication use, patient satisfaction, and complications. Computed tomography was used to determine postoperative fusion status. Results: No intraoperative complications, including vascular, neural, urologic, or bowel injuries, were reported. Back and leg pain severity decreased by 51% and 42%, respectively, during the follow-up period (both P < 0.001. Back function scores improved 50% compared to baseline. Clinical success, defined as improvement ≥30%, was 67% for back pain severity, 65% for leg pain severity, and 71% for back function. The employment rate increased from 47% before surgery to 64% at final follow-up (P < 0.001. Less than one in four patients regularly used analgesic medications postsurgery. Patient satisfaction with the AxiaLIF procedure was 83%. The fusion rate was 87.8% at final follow-up. During follow-up, 17 (13.0% patients underwent 18 reoperations on the lumbar spine, including pedicle screw fixation (n = 10, total disc replacement of an uninvolved level (n = 3, facet screw fixation (n = 3, facet screw removal (n = 1, and interbody fusion at L4–L5 (n = 1. Eight (6.1% reoperations were at the index level. Conclusion: Single-level AxiaLIF is a safe and effective means to achieve lumbosacral fusion in patients with symptomatic degenerative disc disease. Keywords: AxiaLIF, interbody, fusion, lumbosacral, minimally invasive, presacral

  18. A novel synthetic material for spinal fusion: a prospective clinical trial of porous bioactive titanium metal for lumbar interbody fusion

    FUJIBAYASHI, Shunsuke; TAKEMOTO, Mitsuru; Neo, Masashi; MATSUSHITA, Tomiharu; Kokubo, Tadashi; Doi,Kenji; Ito, Tatsuya; Shimizu, Akira; Nakamura, Takashi

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy and safety of porous bioactive titanium metal for use in a spinal fusion device, based on a prospective human clinical trial. A high-strength spinal interbody fusion device was manufactured from porous titanium metal. A bioactive surface was produced by simple chemical and thermal treatment. Five patients with unstable lumbar spine disease were treated surgically using this device in a clinical trial approved by our Ethics Review Commi...

  19. The Outcomes of Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Lumbar Disk Herniation with Discectomy Alone and Discectomy with Posterolateral Interbody Fusion

    Hossein Nayeb Aghayee; Shirzad Azhari; Farshad Heidarnejad

    2014-01-01

    Background: Recurrent lumbar disk herniation (RLDH) is one of the major causes of failure of standard discectomy. The optimal treatment method for RLDH is controversial. In the current study, we aimed to compare the clinical and functional outcomes of treating RLDH with discectomy alone and discectomy associated with posterolateral interbody fusion (PLIF).Material and Methods: There were 41 patients with RLHD after primary discectomy in the current retrospective study. Patients were assigned ...

  20. Extension CT scan: its suitability for assessing fusion after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Nakashima, Hiroaki; Yukawa, Yasutsugu; Ito, Keigo; Horie, Yumiko; Machino, Masaaki; Kanbara, Shunsuke; Morita, Daigo; Imagama, Shiro; Ishiguro, Naoki; Kato, Fumihiko

    2011-09-01

    Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a popular procedure for treating lumbar canal stenosis with spinal instability, and several reports concerning fusion assessment methods exist. However, there are currently no definitive criteria for diagnosing a successful interbody fusion in the lumbar spine. We suggested evaluating fusion status using computed tomography (CT) in extension position to detect pseudoarthrosis more precisely. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its usefulness for determining bone union quality after PLIF. Eighty-one patients who underwent PLIF at 97 levels were retrospectively enrolled. The study population included 48 men and 33 women (mean age 58.9 years, range 21-85 years). Patients were followed up for more than 12 months after surgery. The mean follow-up period was 27.6 months (range 14-49 months). Fusion status was evaluated using three ways: flexion-extension radiographs, CT images in flexion and extension position. In the flexion-extension radiographs, mobility of more than 3, a remaining clear zone, or an uncertain bone connection constituted an incomplete union. For CT images, a remaining clear zone, a gas pattern, or an uncertain bone connection constituted an incomplete union. Flexion-extension radiographs demonstrated a solid fusion in 90.7% of the 97 levels at 10.7 months postoperatively. When fusion was demonstrated on flexion-extension radiographs, the rate of fusion affirmed by flexion CT and extension CT was 87.6 and 69.1% of the levels assessed, respectively. The rate of pseudoarthrosis detected on extension CT images was significantly higher than that on flexion-extension radiographs (P fusion achieved on extension CT was 85.6% at 15.1 months postoperatively. Extension CT could detect pseudoarthrosis more clearly than flexion-extension radiography and flexion CT. The CT images are influenced by body position and dilating anterior disc space in extension CT contributes to detect pseudoarthrodesis. Thus, extension CT was a useful method for assessing fusion status after PLIF. PMID:21380745

  1. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using cages, combined with instrumented posterolateral fusion: a study of 75 cases.

    Periasamy, Kumar; Shah, Kalpesh; Wheelwright, Eugene F

    2008-04-01

    Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with cages can be combined with decompression of the spinal canal and with instrumented posterolateral fusion (IPLF) with pedicle screws, through a single posterior incision. The authors wanted to assess retrospectively the clinical and radiological outcome of PLIF + IPLF performed by the senior author. Between July 1997 and December 2003, 75 patients underwent PLIF with cages and IPLF with transpedicular instrumentation, for either degenerative disc disease, stenosis, spondylolisthesis or post-discectomy syndrome. The clinical outcome was evaluated according to the criteria of Kirkaldy-Willis. Flexion/extension radiographs and CT-scans were obtained in cases where there was any doubt about the fixation/fusion status. The mean age was 48.7 years (range: 30 to 75). The mean duration of follow-up was 29.17 months (range: 12 to 67). The clinical outcome was excellent or good in 85.3% of the patients. There were 4/75 patients (5.3%) who failed to return to their original occupation. Four posterolateral fusions were uncertain, but all anterior fusions succeeded: thus circumferential fusion was obtained in 71 out of 75 cases, or 94.6%. Three patients sustained a neurological complication, but only one was left with a partial drop foot. The results were comparable with similar studies. Therefore the authors recommend further use of PLIF + IPLF in painful lumbar degenerative spinal disease where conservative management has failed. PMID:18564483

  2. Mast Quadrant-assisted Minimally Invasive Modified Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Single Incision Versus Double Incision

    Xin-Lei Xia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The concept of minimally invasive techniques is to make every effort to reduce tissue damage. Certainly, reducing skin incision is an important part of these techniques. This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of Mast Quadrant-assisted modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF with a small single posterior median incision. Methods: During the period of March 2011 to March 2012, 34 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease underwent the minimally invasive modified TLIF assisted by Mast Quadrant with a small single posterior median incision (single incision group. The cases in this group were compared to 37 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease in the double incision group. The perioperative conditions of patients in these two groups were statistically analyzed and compared. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI scores, Visual Analog Scale (VAS scores, and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3, 12 months postoperation were compared. Results: A total of 31 and 35 cases in the single incision and double incision groups, respectively, completed at least 12 months of systemic follow-up. The differences in perioperative conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant. The incision length of the single incision group was significantly shorter than that of the double incision group (P < 0.01. The ODI and VAS scores of patients in both groups improved significantly at 3 and 12 months postoperation. However, these two indicators at 3 and 12 months postoperation and the sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators at 3 months postoperation did not differ significantly between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05. Conclusions: Mast Quadrant-assisted modified TLIF with a small single posterior median incision has excellent clinical feasibility compared to minimally invasive TLIF with a double paramedian incision.

  3. Clinical Results of a Single Central Interbody Fusion Cage and Transpedicle Screws Fixation for Recurrent Herniated Lumbar Disc and Low-Grade Spondylolisthesis

    Kuo-Feng Huang; Tzu-Yung Chen

    2003-01-01

    Background: The posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) procedure allows restoration ofthe weight-bearing capacity to a more physiological ventral position andmaintenance of disc space height. However, the procedure can be technicallydifficult and may cause complications. It has always been performed bilaterallywith paired cages; a single central cage has not been commonly used.Methods: Twenty-eight patients who met the interbody fusion criteria from March1999 through November 2001 were incl...

  4. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion combined with instrumented postero-lateral fusion: 5-year results in 60 patients.

    Freeman, B J; Licina, P; Mehdian, S H

    2000-02-01

    The technique of posterior lumbar interbody fusion allows decompression of the spinal canal and interbody fusion through one posterior incision. A number of techniques exist to achieve additional posterior stability. The literature reports wide variation in outcomes for these different techniques. We assessed retrospectively the clinical and radiological outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) supplemented with an instrumented postero-lateral fusion (IPLF) using a pedicle screw system. Between July 1987 and April 1997, 60 patients underwent PLIF + IPLF. Clinical outcome was measured with physical examination in the outpatient setting and a patient questionnaire (patient satisfaction, analgesic use, return to work, Oswestry Disability Index). Radiological outcome was assessed with serial radiographs. If doubt existed regarding fixation, flexion/extension radiographs and plain tomograms were performed. The mean age was 44 years (range 19-69 years). The average follow-up was 5.3 years (range 1-10 years). Eighty percent of patients returned sufficiently completed questionnaires; 83% of these patients rated their outcome as good or excellent. Fifty percent of patients were able to return to full-time employment. All patients showed radiographic evidence of stable fixation. Four patients sustained a neurological complication, three of which resolved completely. The combination of PLIF with IPLF demonstrates clinical success, a stable circumferential fixation and a low complication rate. PMID:10766076

  5. Minimally invasive presacral approach for revision of an Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod due to fall-related lumbosacral instability: a case report

    Cohen Anders

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The purpose of this study was to describe procedural details of a minimally invasive presacral approach for revision of an L5-S1 Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod. Case presentation A 70-year-old Caucasian man presented to our facility with marked thoracolumbar scoliosis, osteoarthritic changes characterized by high-grade osteophytes, and significant intervertebral disc collapse and calcification. Our patient required crutches during ambulation and reported intractable axial and radicular pain. Multi-level reconstruction of L1-4 was accomplished with extreme lateral interbody fusion, although focal lumbosacral symptoms persisted due to disc space collapse at L5-S1. Lumbosacral interbody distraction and stabilization was achieved four weeks later with the Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion System (TranS1 Inc., Wilmington, NC, USA and rod implantation via an axial presacral approach. Despite symptom resolution following this procedure, our patient suffered a fall six weeks postoperatively with direct sacral impaction resulting in symptom recurrence and loss of L5-S1 distraction. Following seven months of unsuccessful conservative care, a revision of the Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod was performed that utilized the same presacral approach and used a larger diameter implant. Minimal adhesions were encountered upon presacral re-entry. A precise operative trajectory to the base of the previously implanted rod was achieved using fluoroscopic guidance. Surgical removal of the implant was successful with minimal bone resection required. A larger diameter Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod was then implanted and joint distraction was re-established. The radicular symptoms resolved following revision surgery and our patient was ambulating without assistance on post-operative day one. No adverse events were reported. Conclusions The Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion distraction rod may be revised and replaced with a larger diameter rod using the same presacral approach.

  6. Application of tridimensional intravertebral bone graft combined with AxiaLIF technique in lumbar interbody fusion

    Xiangdong Duan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available "nLumbar interbody fusion techniques are becoming more and more minimally invasive. AxiaLIF technique can be used in low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease or minor spondylolisthesis, but there are risks for fusion failure. Intravertebral bone graft is performed in painful osteoporotic or posttraumatic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs. Until now, no attempt has been made to apply intravertebral bone graft with AxiaLIF technique."nSo first, we hypothesize a novel method for tridimensional intravertebral bone graft with a special designed bone grafting instrument and describe it vividly. The special instrument would mainly consist of a hollow tube and a rod, the distal parts of them would be shape into 45o slope, so the direction of grafting would be decided by the slope. By rotating the tube we can deliver cancellous bone granules in one plane, but by retreating the tube we can perform tridimensional intravertebral bone graft. Second, intravertebral bone graft is supposed to be performed combined with AxiaLIF technique in order to create biologic vertebral reconstruction and raise fusion rate. We believe this is the first description of such a method, future clinical studies are needed to validate these hypotheses.

  7. Diagnostic method for lumbar foraminal stenosis based on the clinical results of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Utility of the foraminal stenosis score

    In this study we analyzed 73 cases treated by transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for lumbar foraminal stenosis or central canal stenosis and foraminal stenosis, and based on the perioperative findings and outcome of treatment, we considered the diagnostic procedure for lumbar foraminal stenosis in the future. In 25 cases (34.2%) cases there was actually no clear perioperative evidence of foraminal stenosis. We compared the preoperative clinical and imaging findings in the group with perioperative findings and the group without perioperative findings performed a multiple logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with foraminal stenosis. We also calculated the odds ratio for the perioperative findings and proposed a foraminal stenosis scoring system. (author)

  8. Clinical study on minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis

    Hao WU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective To discuss the operative essentials and therapeutic effects of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS.  Methods A total of 17 DLS patients without prior spinal diseases were treated by MIS-TLIF and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation from January 2013 to September 2015 in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and postoperative complication were recorded in each patient. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI were used to evaluate postoperative improvement of low back and leg pain, and clinical effects were assessed according to Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. Coronal Cobb angle, sagittal lordosis angle and spinal deviation distances on coronal and sagittal plane were measured before operation, one week, 3 months after operation and in the last follow-up in spinal full-length X-ray examination. Fusion rate was calculated according to X-ray or CT scan, and the degree of decompression was evaluated by MRI.  Results Decompression and fusion levels ranged from T12-S1 vertebrae, and interbody fusion was performed in 17 patients and 56 levels were fused. Average operation time was 200 min (180-300 min, intraoperative blood loss was 320 ml (200-1000 ml and hospital stay was 8.21 d (5-12 d. All patients were followed-up for 12.13 months (5-24 months. Compared with preoperation, VAS (P = 0.000, for all and ODI scores (P = 0.000, for all decreased significantly, SF-36 score increased (P = 0.000, for all, coronal Cobb angle (P = 0.000, for all, sagittal lordosis angle (P = 0.000, for all, coronal and sagittal deviation (P = 0.000, for all decreased significantly one week and 3 months after operation and in the last follow-up. The improvement rate of ODI was (86.51 ± 6.02%, fusion rate of vertebral bodies was 89.21%, and the position of screws was good. No neurological defect, infection, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF leakage occurred after operation. No pedicle screw or rod breakage or Cage displacements was found. There was no death case. Conclusions MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is an effective technique for treatment of DLS patients, with less injury, less intraoperative blood loss, low complication incidence, good scoliosis correction and definite therapeutic effects, even this method needs more operation time and longer learning curve. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2016.04.005

  9. Thrombosis of Left Common Iliac Artery Following Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Case Report and Review of Literatures

    Kim, Jin-Sung; CHOI, KYUNG-CHUL; Jung, Byungjoo; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2009-01-01

    We report on a case of thrombosis of the left common iliac artery following anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) of L4-5 in a 79-year-old man with no previous medical problems, including peripheral vascular disease. After completing the ALIF procedure, the surgeon could not feel the pulsation of the left dorsalis pedis artery, and the oxygen saturation (SaO2) had fallen below 90% from pulse oxymetry on the left great toe. Thrombectomy was successfully performed after confirming the thrombu...

  10. Minimally Invasive Extraforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Revision Surgery: A Technique through Kambin's Triangle

    Lee, Jun Gue; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of minimally invasive extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ELIF) for revision surgery. Methods From January 2011 to December 2012, 12 patients who underwent minimally invasive ELIF through the Kambin's triangle for revision surgery were included in this study. All patients underwent the surgical procedure in the following sequence: (1) epidural anesthesia, (2) exposing the Kambin's triangle toward the lateral part of the dura (partial resection of the superior articular process), (3) bilateral cage insertion for reinforcement of stabilization and fusion, and (4) percutaneous transpedicular screwing. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS), and Oswestry disability index (ODI). Imaging and clinical findings including surgical techniques, clinical outcomes, and related complications were depicted and analyzed. Results The mean age of the patients (5 men, 7 women) was 60.7±13.4 years, and the mean follow-up period was 27.1±4.9 months. The mean VAS (back and leg) score improved significantly at final follow-up. The mean ODI score decreased as follows: preoperative, 76.78±6.08; 3 months after the surgery, 37.74±6.67; and at final follow-up, 29.91±2.98. Two patients presented with transient nerve root irritation, but there were no cases of incidental dural tear or serious infection. No significant neurological deterioration or major complication was noted in any of the patients. Conclusion Minimally invasive ELIF for revision surgery is an effective surgical option with a low complication rate. PMID:26834815

  11. [Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Biomechanical Effect of Rigid Fixation and Elastic Fixation on Lumbar Interbody Fusion].

    Wei, Jiangbo; Song, Yueming; Liu, Limin; Zhou, Chunguan; Yang, Xi

    2015-04-01

    This study was aimed to compare the mechanical characteristics under different physiological load conditions with three-dimensional finite element model of rigid fixation and elastic fixation in the lumbar. We observed the stress distribution characteristics of a sample of healthy male volunteer modeling under vertical, flexion and extension torque situation. The outcomes showed that there existed 4-6 times pressure on the connecting rod of rigid fixation compared with the elastic fixations under different loads, and the stress peak and area of force on elastic fixation were much higher than that of the rigid fixations. The elastic fixation has more biomechanical advantages than rigid fixation in promoting interbody lumbar fusion after surgery. PMID:26211247

  12. Single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis treated with mini-open anterior debridement and fusion in combination with posterior percutaneous fixation via a modified anterior lumbar interbody fusion approach.

    Lin, Yang; Li, Feng; Chen, Wenjian; Zeng, Heng; Chen, Anmin; Xiong, Wei

    2015-12-01

    OBJECT This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of mini-open anterior debridement and lumbar interbody fusion in combination with posterior percutaneous fixation for single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis. METHODS This is a retrospective study. Twenty-two patients with single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis underwent mini-open anterior debridement and lumbar interbody fusion in combination with posterior percutaneous fixation via a modified anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) approach. Patients underwent follow-up for 24 to 38 months. Clinical data, etiological examinations, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) lumbar function score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), postoperative complications, and the bony fusion rate were recorded. RESULTS The mean operative time was 181.1 22.6 minutes (range 155-240 minutes). The mean intraoperative blood loss was 173.2 70.1 ml (range 100-400 ml). Infection was found in lumbar vertebrae L2-3, L3-4, and L4-5 in 2, 6, and 14 patients, respectively. Bacterial cultures were positive in 15 patients, including 4 with Staphylococcus aureus, 6 with Staphylococcus epidermidis, 4 with Streptococcus, and 1 with Escherichia coli. Postoperative complications included urinary retention, constipation, and numbness in the thigh in 5, 3, and 2 patients, respectively. Compared with before surgery, the VAS scores and ODI were significantly lower at the final follow-up, the JOA scores were significantly higher, and the ASIA grades had improved. All patients achieved good intervertebral bony fusion. CONCLUSIONS Mini-open anterior debridement and lumbar interbody fusion in combination with posterior percutaneous fixation via a modified ALIF approach results in little surgical trauma and intraoperative blood loss, acceptable postoperative complications, and is effective and safe for the treatment of single-level lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis. This approach could be an alternative to the conventional open surgery. PMID:26340382

  13. TranS1 VEO system: a novel psoas-sparing device for transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion

    Hardenbrook MA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Mitchell A Hardenbrook,1,2 Larry E Miller,3,4 Jon E Block4 1Advanced Spine Institute of Greater Boston, North Billerica, MA, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 3Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Arden, NC, 4The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract: Minimally invasive approaches for lumbar interbody fusion have been popularized in recent years. The retroperitoneal transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine is a technique that allows direct lateral access to the intervertebral disc space while mitigating the complications associated with traditional anterior or posterior approaches. However, a common complication of this procedure is iatrogenic injury to the psoas muscle and surrounding nerves, resulting in postsurgical motor and sensory deficits. The TranS1 VEO system (TranS1 Inc, Raleigh, NC, USA utilizes a novel, minimally invasive transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine that allows direct visualization of the psoas and proximal nerves, potentially minimizing iatrogenic injury risk and resulting clinical morbidity. This paper describes the clinical uses, procedural details, and indications for use of the TranS1 VEO system. Keywords: fusion, lateral, lumbar, minimally invasive, transpsoas, VEO

  14. Comparison between Minimally Invasive and Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Meta-Analysis of Clinical Results and Safety Outcomes.

    Lin, Yang; Chen, Wenjian; Chen, Anmin; Li, Feng

    2016-01-01

    Objective?A meta-analysis comparing the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for degenerative lumbar diseases. Methods?A literature search of PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, OVID, Google scholar, and Cochrane Library databases was conducted to identify relevant articles published before May 2013. Only studies that directly compared the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive and open TLIF in patients with degenerative lumbar diseases were selected. The main outcomes analyzed were the visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), complications, and fusion rates. Also evaluated were intraoperative X-ray exposure, intra-postoperative blood loss, operating time, and hospitalization. Results?The selected 14 studies included 494 patients who received minimally invasive TLIF and 500 patients given open TLIF. According to the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies, the quality scores of the studies ranged from 11 to 19. No significant differences in preoperative VAS or ODI scores, operating time, complication rate, or fusion rate were observed between these two procedures. Compared with open TLIF, minimally invasive TLIF was associated with significantly less blood loss, shorter hospitalization, and lower VAS during follow-up assessment. However, minimally invasive TLIF involved significantly more intraoperative X-ray exposure. Conclusion?Although the clinical efficacy, risk of complications and fusion rate were comparable between the two procedures, minimally invasive TLIF resulted in less blood loss, lower follow-up VAS score, and shorter perioperative hospitalization relative to open TLIF. PMID:26091113

  15. Posterior interbody spondylodesis with cage in the system of lumbar osteochondrosis treatment

    Khusniddin Nuraliev

    2012-01-01

    Titanic cage in combination with autobone can be used successfully for the different types of interbody spondilodesis additionally to the other known implants. Owing to the holes located in the corpus of titanic cage there is contact between autobone and osseous tissue of the adjacent vertebrae. The favaourable conditions have been created for formation of bone-metallic spondylodesis. The application of titanium cage has reduced traumatic effect of operation and has not required additional us...

  16. Flexibility and fatigue evaluation of oblique as compared with anterior lumbar interbody cages with integrated endplate fixation.

    Freeman, Andrew L; Camisa, William J; Buttermann, Glenn R; Malcolm, James R

    2016-01-01

    OBJECT This study was undertaken to quantify the in vitro range of motion (ROM) of oblique as compared with anterior lumbar interbody devices, pullout resistance, and subsidence in fatigue. METHODS Anterior and oblique cages with integrated plate fixation (IPF) were tested using lumbar motion segments. Flexibility tests were conducted on the intact segments, cage, cage + IPF, and cage + IPF + pedicle screws (6 anterior, 7 oblique). Pullout tests were then performed on the cage + IPF. Fatigue testing was conducted on the cage + IPF specimens for 30,000 cycles. RESULTS No ROM differences were observed in any test group between anterior and oblique cage constructs. The greatest reduction in ROM was with supplemental pedicle screw fixation. Peak pullout forces were 637 ± 192 N and 651 ± 127 N for the anterior and oblique implants, respectively. The median cage subsidence was 0.8 mm and 1.4 mm for the anterior and oblique cages, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Anterior and oblique cages similarly reduced ROM in flexibility testing, and the integrated fixation prevented device displacement. Subsidence was minimal during fatigue testing, most of which occurred in the first 2500 cycles. PMID:26407089

  17. Posterior interbody spondylodesis with cage in the system of lumbar osteochondrosis treatment

    Khusniddin Nuraliev

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Titanic cage in combination with autobone can be used successfully for the different types of interbody spondilodesis additionally to the other known implants. Owing to the holes located in the corpus of titanic cage there is contact between autobone and osseous tissue of the adjacent vertebrae. The favaourable conditions have been created for formation of bone-metallic spondylodesis. The application of titanium cage has reduced traumatic effect of operation and has not required additional use of autobone tissue from the iliac crest.

  18. Clinico-radiological profile of indirect neural decompression using cage or auto graft as interbody construct in posterior lumbar interbody fusion in spondylolisthesis: Which is better?

    Q R Abdul

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Study design: A prospective clinical study of posterior lumbar interbody fusion in grade I and II degenerative spondylolisthesis was conducted between Mar 2007 and Aug 2008. Purpose: The objective was to assess the clinicoradiological profile of structural v/s nonstructural graft on intervertebral disc height and its consequences on the low back pain (LBP assessed by Visual analog score (VAS score and oswestry disability index (ODI . This study involved 28 patients. Inclusion criteria: Age of 30-70 years, symptomatic patient with disturbed Activities of daily living (ADL, single-level L4/L5 or L5/S1 grade I or grade II degenerative spondylolisthesis. Exclusion criteria: Patients with osteoporosis, recent spondylodiscitis, subchondral sclerosis, visual and cognitive impairment and all other types of spondylolisthesis. All the patients underwent short-segment posterior fixation using CD2 or M8 instrumentation, laminectomy discectomy, reduction and distraction of the involved vertebral space. In 53.5% (n = 15 of the patients, snugly fitted local bone chips were used while in 46.4% (n = 13 of the patients, cage was used. Among the cage group, titanium cage was used in nine (32.1% and PEEK cages were used in four (14.2% patients. In one patient, a unilateral PEEK cage was used. The mean follow-up period was 24 months. Among the 28 patients, 67.8% (n = 19 were females and 32.14% (n = 9 were males. 68.24% (n = 18 had L4/L5 and 35.71% (n = 10 had L5/S1 spondylolisthesis. 39.28% (n = 11 were of grade I and 60.71% (n = 17 were of grade II spondylolisthesis. Conclusions: There was a statistically significant correlation (P < 0.012 and P < 0.027 between the change in disc height achieved and the improvement in VAS score in both the graft group and the cage group. The increment in disc height and VAS score was significantly better in the cage group (2 mm ± SD vis-a-vis 7.2 [88%] than the graft group (1.2 mm ± SD vis-a-vis 5 [62 %].

  19. Two-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation. A minimum 3-year follow-up study

    The clinical and radiological outcomes of two-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PSF) were evaluated in 24 consecutive patients who underwent two level ALIF with percutaneous PSF for segmental instability and were followed up for more than 3 years. Clinical outcomes were assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Sagittal alignment, bone union, and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) were assessed using radiography and magnetic resonance imaging. The mean age of the patients at the time of operation was 56.3 years (range 39-70 years). Minor complications occurred in 2 patients in the perioperative period. At a mean follow-up duration of 39.4 months (range 36-42 months), VAS scores for back pain and leg pain, and ODI score decreased significantly (from 6.5, 6.8, and 46.9% to 3.0, 1.9, and 16.3%, respectively). Clinical success was achieved in 22 of the 24 patients. The mean segmental lordosis, whole lumbar lordosis, and sacral tilt significantly increased after surgery (from 25.1deg, 39.2deg, and 32.6deg to 32.9deg, 44.5deg, and 36.6deg, respectively). Solid fusion was achieved in 21 patients. ASD was found in 8 of the 24 patients. No patient underwent revision surgery due to nonunion or ASD. Two-level ALIF with percutaneous PSF yielded satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes and could be a useful alternative to posterior fusion surgery. (author)

  20. Percutaneous pedicle screw reduction and axial presacral lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis: A case series

    Miller Larry E

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Traditional surgical management of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis is technically challenging and is associated with significant complications. The advent of minimally invasive surgical techniques offers patients treatment alternatives with lower operative morbidity risk. The combination of percutaneous pedicle screw reduction and an axial presacral approach for lumbosacral discectomy and fusion offers an alternative procedure for the surgical management of low-grade lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Case presentation Three patients who had L5-S1 grade 2 spondylolisthesis and who presented with axial pain and lumbar radiculopathy were treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique. The patients-a 51-year-old woman and two men (ages 46 and 50-were Caucasian. Under fluoroscopic guidance, spondylolisthesis was reduced with a percutaneous pedicle screw system, resulting in interspace distraction. Then, an axial presacral approach with the AxiaLIF System (TranS1, Inc., Wilmington, NC, USA was used to perform the discectomy and anterior fixation. Once the axial rod was engaged in the L5 vertebral body, further distraction of the spinal interspace was made possible by partially loosening the pedicle screw caps, advancing the AxiaLIF rod to its final position in the vertebrae, and retightening the screw caps. The operative time ranged from 173 to 323 minutes, and blood loss was minimal (50 mL. Indirect foraminal decompression and adequate fixation were achieved in all cases. All patients were ambulatory after surgery and reported relief from pain and resolution of radicular symptoms. No perioperative complications were reported, and patients were discharged in two to three days. Fusion was demonstrated radiographically in all patients at one-year follow-up. Conclusions Percutaneous pedicle screw reduction combined with axial presacral lumbar interbody fusion offers a promising and minimally invasive alternative for the management of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis.

  1. Comparison of Clinical and Radiological Results of Posterolateral Fusion and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in the Treatment of L4 Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis

    Kuraishi, Shugo; Mukaiyama, Keijiro; Shimizu, Masayuki; Ikegami, Shota; Futatsugi, Toshimasa; Hirabayashi, Hiroki; Ogihara, Nobuhide; Hashidate, Hiroyuki; Tateiwa, Yutaka; Kinoshita, Hisatoshi; Kato, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Multicenter analysis of two groups of patients surgically treated for degenerative L4 unstable spondylolisthesis. Purpose To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of posterolateral fusion (PLF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for degenerative L4 unstable spondylolisthesis. Overview of Literature Surgery for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis is widely performed. However, few reports have compared the outcome of PLF to that of PLIF for degenerative L4 unstable spondylolisthesis. Methods Patients with L4 unstable spondylolisthesis with Meyerding grade II or more, slip of >10° or >4 mm upon maximum flexion and extension bending, and posterior opening of >5 degree upon flexion bending were studied. Patients were treated from January 2008 to January 2010. Patients who underwent PLF (n=12) and PLIF (n=19) were followed-up for >2 years. Radiographic findings and clinical outcomes evaluated by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were compared between the two groups. Radiographic evaluation included slip angle, translation, slip angle and translation during maximum flexion and extension bending, intervertebral disc height, lumbar lordotic angle, and fusion rate. Results JOA scores of the PLF group before surgery and at final follow-up were 12.3±4.8 and 24.1±3.7, respectively; those of the PLIF group were 14.7±4.8 and 24.2±7.8, respectively, with no significant difference between the two groups. Correction of slip estimated from postoperative slip angle, translation, and maintenance of intervertebral disc height in the PLIF group was significantly (p<0.05) better than those in the PLF group. However, there was no significant difference in lumbar lordotic angle, slip angle and translation angle upon maximum flexion, or extension bending. Fusion rates of the PLIF and PLF groups had no significant difference. Conclusions The L4–L5 level posterior instrumented fusion for unstable spondylolisthesis using both PLF and PLIF could ameliorate clinical symptoms when local stability is achieved. PMID:26949470

  2. Survivorship and clinical outcomes after multi-level anterior lumbar reconstruction with stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion or hybrid construct.

    Chen, Benjamin; Akpolat, Yusuf T; Williams, Paul; Bergey, Darren; Cheng, Wayne K

    2016-06-01

    In multilevel disc disease, there is still uncertainty regarding whether multiple total disc replacement is more effective and safer than fusion. Our objective was to measure and compare the clinical outcome of multilevel hybrid constructs with stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) using a retrospective analysis. Sixty-four patients with chronic low back pain determined to be from two or three-level degenerative disc disease were included. Thirty-three patients were treated with hybrid fusion and 31 with ALIF. Several parameters were retrospectively reviewed, including blood loss, operation time, hospital stay, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and survivorship without the need for revision surgery. Telephone follow-ups were conducted to ascertain survivorship, clinical outcomes (VAS, ODI) and patient satisfaction. Operation time was longer in the hybrid group (p=0.021). The hybrid group showed a significant improvement in VAS and ODI with 52.2% and 50.0% improvement versus 28.3% and 25.5% in the ALIF group (pdisability scores. PMID:26896904

  3. Clinical outcomes of lumbar degenerative disc disease treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion allograft spacer: a prospective, multicenter trial with 2-year follow-up.

    Arnold, Paul M; Robbins, Stephen; Paullus, Wayne; Faust, Stephen; Holt, Richard; McGuire, Robert

    2009-07-01

    The clinical benefits and complications of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) have been studied over the past 60 years. In recent years, spine surgeons have had the option of treating low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease using PLIF with machined allograft spacers and posterior pedicle fixation. The purpose of this clinical series was to assess the clinical benefits of using a machined PLIF allograft spacer and posterior pedicle fixation to treat degenerative disc disease, both in terms of fusion rates and patient outcomes, and to compare these results with those in previous studies using autograft and metal interbody fusion devices. Results were also compared with results from studies using transverse process fusion. This prospective, nonrandomized clinical series was conducted at 10 US medical centers. Eighty-nine (55 male, 34 female) patients underwent PLIF with a presized, machined allograft spacer and posterior pedicle fixation between January 2000 and April 2003. Their outcomes were compared with outcomes in previous series described in the literature. All patients had experienced at least 6 months of low back pain that had been unresponsive to nonsurgical treatment. Physical examinations were performed before surgery, after surgery, and at 4 follow-up visits (6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months, 24 months). At each interval, we obtained radiographs and patient outcome measures, including SF-36 Bodily Pain Score, visual analog scale pain rating, and Oswestry Disability Index. The primary outcome was fusion results at 12 and 24 months; the secondary outcomes were pain, disability, function/quality of life, and satisfaction. One-level PLIFs were performed in 65 patients, and 2-level PLIFs in 24 patients. Flexion-extension radiographs at 12 and 24 months revealed a 98% fusion rate. Of the 72 patients who reached the 12-month follow-up, 86% reported decreased pain and disability as measured with the Oswestry Disability Index. Decreased pain as measured with the SF-36 Bodily Pain Score was reported by 74% of patients who reached the 12-month follow-up. The graft-related complication rate among all patients who underwent PLIF was 1.61%. When performed with machined allograft spacers and posterior pedicle fixation, PLIF is a safe and effective surgical treatment for low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease. The patients in this clinical series had outcomes equal or superior to the outcomes in previous series. PMID:19714280

  4. Building the posterior lateral line system in zebrafish

    Chitnis, Ajay B.; Nogare, Damian Dalle; Matsuda, Miho

    2012-01-01

    The posterior lateral line in zebrafish has emerged as an excellent system to study how a sensory organ system develops. Here we review recent studies that illustrate how interactions between multiple signaling pathways coordinate cell fate, morphogenesis and collective migration of cells in the posterior lateral line primordium. These studies also illustrate how the posterior lateral line system is contributing much more broadly to our understanding of mechanisms operating during the growth,...

  5. The Outcomes of Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Lumbar Disk Herniation with Discectomy Alone and Discectomy with Posterolateral Interbody Fusion

    Hossein Nayeb Aghayee

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Recurrent lumbar disk herniation (RLDH is one of the major causes of failure of standard discectomy. The optimal treatment method for RLDH is controversial. In the current study, we aimed to compare the clinical and functional outcomes of treating RLDH with discectomy alone and discectomy associated with posterolateral interbody fusion (PLIF.Material and Methods: There were 41 patients with RLHD after primary discectomy in the current retrospective study. Patients were assigned to 2 groups based on the surgical method: discectomy alone (17 patients and discectomy with PLIF (21 patients. At the final visit the following variables were measured and compared between groups: the back and radicular pain intensity using visual analogue scale (VAS, functional outcome using oswestry low back pain disability scale (ODI, return to previous work and complication. Patients were followed for 13.9±2.8 and 15±3 months in discectomy alone and discectomy with PLIF groups, retrospectively.Results: Complete fusion was achieved in 24 patients of PLIF group. The back pain intensity was the same; however the radicular pain intensity was significantly lower in PLIF group (1.5±0.9 V.s 2.3±1; p=0.017. Also, the mean of ODI scale was the same. 82.3% of patients in discectomy group and 87.5% of patients in PLIF group returned to previous work and the difference was not significant. One patient in discectomy group and 2 patients in PLIF group developed temporary neurological deficit which disappeared after 3 months.Conclusions: Although both discectomy alone and discectomy with PLIF were associated with favorable mid-term results in treating patients with RLDH, however, the authors recommend using discectomy with PLIF for lower radicular pain.

  6. The European multicenter trial on the safety and efficacy of guided oblique lumbar interbody fusion (GO-LIF

    Birkenmaier Christof

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Because of the implant-related problems with pedicle screw-based spinal instrumentations, other types of fixation have been tried in spinal arthrodesis. One such technique is the direct trans-pedicular, trans-discal screw fixation, pioneered by Grob for spondylolisthesis. The newly developed GO-LIF procedure expands the scope of the Grob technique in several important ways and adds security by means of robotic-assisted navigation. This is the first clinical trial on the GO-LIF procedure and it will assess safety and efficacy. Methods/Design Multicentric prospective study with n = 40 patients to undergo single level instrumented spinal arthrodesis of the lumbar or the lumbosacral spine, based on a diagnosis of: painful disc degeneration, painful erosive osteochondrosis, segmental instability, recurrent disc herniation, spinal canal stenosis or foraminal stenosis. The primary target criteria with regards to safety are: The number, severity and cause of intra- and perioperative complications. The number of significant penetrations of the cortical layer of the vertebral body by the implant as recognized on postoperative CT. The primary target parameters with regards to feasibility are: Performance of the procedure according to the preoperative plan. The planned follow-up is 12 months and the following scores will be evaluated as secondary target parameters with regards to clinical improvement: VAS back pain, VAS leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, short form - 12 health questionnaire and the Swiss spinal stenosis questionnaire for patients with spinal claudication. The secondary parameters with regards to construct stability are visible fusion or lack thereof and signs of implant loosening, implant migration or pseudarthrosis on plain and functional radiographs. Discussion This trial will for the first time assess the safety and efficacy of guided oblique lumbar interbody fusion. There is no control group, but the results, the outcome and the rate of any complications will be analyzed on the background of the literature on instrumented spinal fusion. Despite its limitations, we expect that this study will serve as the key step in deciding whether a direct comparative trial with another fusion technique is warranted. Trial Registration Clinical Trials NCT00810433

  7. Avaliao clnica radiolgica da artrodese lombar transforaminal aberta versus minimamente invasiva Evaluacin clnica radiolgica de la artrodesis lumbar transforaminal abierta versus mnimamente invasiva Clinical and radiological evaluation of open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion versus minimally invasive

    Cristiano Magalhes Menezes

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: a proposta deste trabalho comparar os resultados clnicos e radiolgicos dos pacientes submetidos artrodese transforaminal aberta e minimamente invasiva. MTODOS: quarenta e cinco pacientes foram submetidos artrodese lombar transforaminal pelo Grupo de Cirurgia Espinhal do Hospital Lifecenter/Ortopdico de Belo Horizonte, no perodo de Dezembro de 2005 a Maio de 2007, sendo 15 no grupo de artrodese aberta e 30 pacientes do grupo de artrodese minimamente invasiva (MIS. As indicaes para a artrodese intersomtica foram: doena degenerativa do disco, associada ou no a hrnia de disco ou estenose do canal; espondilolistese de baixo grau espondiloltica ou degenerativa; e sndrome ps-laminectomia/discectomia. As variveis analisadas foram: tempo de cirurgia, tempo de internao hospitalar, necessidade de hemotransfuso, escala analgica visual de dor (VAS lombar e dos membros inferiores, Oswestry, ndice de consolidao da artrodese e retorno ao trabalho. RESULTADOS: o seguimento mnimo foi de 24 meses. Havia oito homens e sete mulheres no Grupo Aberto e 17 homens e 13 mulheres no Grupo MIS. O tempo cirrgico mdio foi de 222 minutos e 221 minutos, respectivamente. Houve melhora significativa da VAS e Oswestry no ps-operatrio em ambos os grupos. O tempo de internao hospitalar variou de 3,3 dias para o Grupo Aberto e 1,8 dias para o Grupo MIS. O ndice de fuso obtido foi de 93,3% em ambos os grupos. Houve necessidade de hemotransfuso em trs pacientes no Grupo Aberto (20% e nenhum caso MIS. CONCLUSES: a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF minimamente invasiva apresenta resultados similares em longo prazo quando comparado TLIF aberta, com os benefcios adicionais de menor morbidade ps-operatria, menor perodo de internao e reabilitao precoce.OBJETIVO: la propuesta de este trabajo es comparar los resultados clnicos y radiolgicos de los pacientes sometidos a la artrodesis transforaminal abierta y mnimamente invasiva. MTODOS: cuarenta y cinco pacientes fueron sometidos a la artrodesis lumbar transforaminal por el Grupo de Ciruga Espinal del Hospital Lifecenter/Ortopdico de Belo Horizonte, en el periodo de Diciembre de 2005 a Mayo de 2007, siendo 15 en el grupo de artrodesis abierta y 30 pacientes del grupo de artrodesis mnimamente invasiva (MIS. Las indicaciones para la artrodesis intersomtica fueron: enfermedad degenerativa de disco, asociada o no a hernia de disco o estenosis del canal; espondilolistesis de bajo grado espondiloltica o degenerativa; y sndrome post-laminectoma/discectoma. Las variables analizadas fueron: tiempo de ciruga, tiempo de internacin hospitalar, necesidad de hemotransfusin, escala analgica visual de dolor (VAS lumbar y de los miembros inferiores, Oswestry, ndice de consolidacin de la artrodesis y regreso al trabajo. RESULTADOS: el seguimiento mnimo fue de 24 meses. Fueron ocho hombres y siete mujeres en el Grupo Abierto y 17 hombres y 13 mujeres en el Grupo MIS. El tiempo quirrgico promedio fue de 222 minutos y 221 minutos, respectivamente. Hubo mejora significativa del VAS y Oswestry en el postoperatorio en ambos grupos. El tiempo de internacin hospitalar vari de 3.3 das para el Grupo Abierto y 1.8 das para el Grupo MIS. El ndice de fusin obtenido fue de 93.3% en ambos grupos. Hubo necesidad de hemotransfusin en tres pacientes en el Grupo Abierto (20% y ningn caso MIS. CONCLUSIONES: la TLIF mnimamente invasiva presenta resultados similares a largo plazo cuando comparada con TLIF abierta, con los beneficios adicionales de menor morbilidad postoperatoria, menor periodo de internacin y rehabilitacin precoz.OBJECTIVE: the aim of this article is to compare the clinical and radiological results of patients who underwent open and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. METHODS: forty-five patients underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion by the Department of Spine Surgery of Hospital Lifecenter/Ortopdico, between D

  8. Clinical outcomes of two types of cages used in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases: n-HA/PA66 cages versus PEEK cages.

    Deng, Qian-Xing; Ou, Yun-Sheng; Zhu, Yong; Zhao, Zeng-Hui; Liu, Bo; Huang, Qiu; Du, Xing; Jiang, Dian-Ming

    2016-06-01

    This study reports the clinical effects of nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide66 cages (n-HA/PA66 cages) and compares the clinical outcomes between n-HA/PA66 and polyetheretherketone cages (PEEK cages) for application in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). A retrospective and case-control study involving 124 patients using n-HA/PA66 cages and 142 patients using PEEK cages was conducted. All patients underwent TLIF and had an average of 2-years of follow-up. The Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analog Scale were selected to assess the pain of low back and leg, as well as neurological status. The intervertebral space height and segmental angle were also measured to estimate the radiological changes. At the 1-year and final follow-ups, the fusion and subsidence rates were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding clinical and radiological results. At the final follow-up, the bony fusion rate was 92.45 and 91.57 % for the n-HA/PA66 and PEEK groups, respectively, and the subsidence rate was 7.55 and 8.99 %, respectively. The study indicated that both n-HA/PA66 and PEEK cages could promote effective clinical and radiographic outcomes when used to treat degenerative lumbar diseases. The high fusion and low subsidence rates revealed that n-HA/PA66 cages could be an alternative ideal choice as the same to PEEK cages for lumbar reconstruction after TLIF. PMID:27091044

  9. Dynamic stabilization for L4-5 spondylolisthesis: comparison with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with more than 2 years of follow-up.

    Kuo, Chao-Hung; Chang, Peng-Yuan; Wu, Jau-Ching; Chang, Hsuan-Kan; Fay, Li-Yu; Tu, Tsung-Hsi; Cheng, Henrich; Huang, Wen-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE In the past decade, dynamic stabilization has been an emerging option of surgical treatment for lumbar spondylosis. However, the application of this dynamic construct for mild spondylolisthesis and its clinical outcomes remain uncertain. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of Dynesys dynamic stabilization (DDS) with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) for the management of single-level spondylolisthesis at L4-5. METHODS This study retrospectively reviewed 91 consecutive patients with Meyerding Grade I spondylolisthesis at L4-5 who were managed with surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: DDS and MI-TLIF. The DDS group was composed of patients who underwent standard laminectomy and the DDS system. The MI-TLIF group was composed of patients who underwent MI-TLIF. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores at each time point of evaluation. Evaluations included radiographs and CT scans for every patient for 2 years after surgery. RESULTS A total of 86 patients with L4-5 spondylolisthesis completed the follow-up of more than 2 years and were included in the analysis (follow-up rate of 94.5%). There were 64 patients in the DDS group and 22 patients in the MI-TLIF group, and the overall mean follow-up was 32.7 months. Between the 2 groups, there were no differences in demographic data (e.g., age, sex, and body mass index) or preoperative clinical evaluations (e.g., visual analog scale back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores). The mean estimated blood loss of the MI-TLIF group was lower, whereas the operation time was longer compared with the DDS group (both p < 0.001). For both groups, clinical outcomes were significantly improved at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery compared with preoperative clinical status. Moreover, there were no differences between the 2 groups in clinical outcomes at each evaluation time point. Radiological evaluations were also similar and the complication rates were equally low in both groups. CONCLUSIONS At 32.7 months postoperation, the clinical and radiological outcomes of DDS were similar to those of MI-TLIF for Grade I degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4-5. DDS might be an alternative to standard arthrodesis in mild lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, unlike fusion, dynamic implants have issues of wearing and loosening in the long term. Thus, the comparable results between the 2 groups in this study require longer follow-up to corroborate. PMID:26721577

  10. Artrodesis circunferencial: Plif ms tornillos translaminofacetarios / Circumferential fusion: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (plif) and translaminar facet screw fixation / Artrodese circunferencial: Plif mais parafusos translaminares facetrios

    Javier Ricardo, Mndez; Nicols Federico, Maldonado; Enrique Gonzalo, Bovier.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o resultado clnico e radiolgico de 10 pacientes operados devido a doena degenerativa lombar, nos quais se realizou artrodese intersomtica com enxerto sseo tricortical da crista ilaca e artrodese pstero-lateral instrumentada com parafusos translaminares facetrios. MTODOS: F [...] oram avaliados 10 pacientes, quatro homens e seis mulheres, operados pelo mesmo cirurgio entre junho de 2006 e dezembro de 2007. RESULTADOS: Atingiu-se queda significante da incapacidade e da dor (segundo a escala de Oswestry e a escala visual analgica), atingindo-se taxa de artrodese de 100% em um ano de acompanhamento. CONCLUSES: Os resultados clnicos e radiolgicos deste estudo estabelecem que este procedimento confivel, de baixo custo e de baixa morbidade, com alta taxa de artrodese e bons resultados clnicos. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Evaluar el resultado clnico y radiolgico de 10 pacientes operados por patologa degenerativa lumbar, en los que se les realiz artrodesis intersomtica con injerto seo tricortical de cresta ilaca y artrodesis posterolateral instrumentada con tornillos translaminofacetarios. MTODOS: Se [...] evaluaron 10 pacientes, 4 hombres y 6 mujeres operados por el mismo cirujano entre junio de 2006 y diciembre de 2007. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo un significativo descenso de la discapacidad y del dolor (segn las escalas de Oswestry y la escala visual analgica), obtenindose una tasa de fusin del 100% al ao de seguimiento. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados clnicos y radiolgicos de este estudio establecen a ste procedimiento como confiable, de bajo costo y baja morbilidad, con una alta tasa de fusin y buenos resultados clnicos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results of 10 patients operated for degenerative lumbar disease, by performing tricortical bone graft from the iliac crest and instrumented posterior lateral fusion with translaminar facet screw fixation. METHODS: We evaluated 10 patients, four me [...] n and six women, operated by the same surgeon between June 2006 and December 2007. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of disability and pain (according to the scale of Oswestry and visual analog scale), reaching fusion rate of 100% in one-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical and radiological results of this study establish that this procedure is reliable, has low cost and low morbidity with a high rate of fusion and good clinical results.

  11. Sequential Changes of Plasma C-Reactive Protein, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate and White Blood Cell Count in Spine Surgery : Comparison between Lumbar Open Discectomy and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    Choi, Man Kyu; Kim, Kee D; Ament, Jared D.

    2014-01-01

    Objective C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) are often utilized to evaluate for postoperative infection. Abnormal values may be detected after surgery even in case of non-infection because of muscle injury, transfusion, which disturbed prompt perioperative management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the perioperative CRP, ESR, and white blood cell (WBC) counts after spine surgery, which was proved to be non-infection. Methods Twenty patients of lumbar open discectomy (LOD) and 20 patients of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) were enrolled in this study. Preoperative and postoperative prophylactic antibiotics were administered routinely for 7 days. Blood samples were obtained one day before surgery and postoperative day (POD) 1, POD3, and POD7. Using repeated measures ANOVA, changes in effect measures over time and between groups over time were assessed. All data analysis was conducted using SAS v.9.1. Results Changes in CRP, within treatment groups over time and between treatment groups over time were both statistically significant F(3,120)=5.05, p=0.003 and F(1,39)=7.46, p=0.01, respectively. Most dramatic changes were decreases in the LOD group on POD3 and POD7. Changes in ESR, within treatment groups over time and between treatment groups over time were also found to be statistically significant, F(3,120)=6.67, p=0.0003 and F(1,39)=3.99, p=0.01, respectively. Changes in WBC values also were be statistically significant within groups over time, F(3,120)=40.52, pPLIF group of non-infection. We also assumed that CRP would be more effective and sensitive parameter especially in LOD than PLIF for early detection of infectious complications. Awareness of the typical pattern of CRP, ESR, and WBC may help to evaluate the early postoperative course. PMID:25368764

  12. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with instrumented posterolateral fusion in adult spondylolisthesis: description and association of clinico-surgical variables with prognosis in a series of 36 cases

    Gomez-Moreta, Juan A.; Hernandez-Vicente, Javier

    2015-01-01

    Background We present our experience in the treatment of patients with isthmic or degenerative spondylolisthesis, by means of a posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and instrumented posterolateral fusion (IPLF), and we compare them with those published in the literature. We analyse whether there exists any statistical association between the clinical characteristics of the patient, radiological characteristics of the disease and our surgical technique, with the complications and the clinical-radiological prognosis of the cases. Method We designed a prospective study. A total of 36 cases were operated. The patients included were 14 men and 22 women, with an average age of 57.17±27.32 years. Our technique consists of PLIF+IPLF, using local bone for the fusion. The clinical results were evaluated with the Visual Analogical Scale (VAS) and the Kirkaldy-Willis criteria. The radiological evaluation followed the Bratingan (PLIF) and Lenke (IPLF) methodology. A total of 42 variables were statistically analysed by means of SPSS18. We used the Paired Student's T-test, logistic regression and Pearson's Chi-square-test. Results The spondylolisthesis was isthmic in 15 cases and degenerative in 21 cases. The postoperative evaluations had excellent or good results in 94.5% (n = 34), with a statistically significant improvement in the back pain and sciatica (p complications. Conclusion Although a higher level of training is necessary, we believe that the described technique is a very effective decision in cases of spondylolisthesis, isthmic or degenerative, refractory to conservative treatment, for the obtaining the best clinical results and rates of fusion, with similar risks to those of the other published techniques. Our statistical analysis could contribute to improve outcomes after surgery. PMID:26196029

  13. Biomechanical comparison of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screws fixation for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion after decompressive surgery -- a finite element analysis

    Chen Shih-Hao

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the biomechanical effectiveness of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF cages in different positioning and various posterior implants used after decompressive surgery. The use of the various implants will induce the kinematic and mechanical changes in range of motion (ROM and stresses at the surgical and adjacent segments. Unilateral pedicle screw with or without supplementary facet screw fixation in the minimally invasive TLIF procedure has not been ascertained to provide adequate stability without the need to expose on the contralateral side. This study used finite element (FE models to investigate biomechanical differences in ROM and stress on the neighboring structures after TLIF cages insertion in conjunction with posterior fixation. Methods A validated finite-element (FE model of L1-S1 was established to implant three types of cages (TLIF with a single moon-shaped cage in the anterior or middle portion of vertebral bodies, and TLIF with a left diagonally placed ogival-shaped cage from the left L4-5 level after unilateral decompressive surgery. Further, the effects of unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation (UPSF vs. BPSF in each TLIF cage model was compared to analyze parameters, including stresses and ROM on the neighboring annulus, cage-vertebral interface and pedicle screws. Results All the TLIF cages positioned with BPSF showed similar ROM ( Conclusions TLIF surgery is not favored for asymmetrical positioning of a diagonal cage and UPSF used in contralateral axial rotation or lateral bending. Supplementation of a contralateral facet screw is recommended for the TLIF construct.

  14. Incidence of microbiological contamination of local bone autograft used in posterior lumbar interbody fusion and its association with postoperative spinal infection.

    Lee, Chong-Suh; Kang, Kyung-Chung; Chung, Sung-Soo; Kim, Ki-Tack; Shin, Seong-Kee

    2016-01-01

    OBJECT The aim of this study was to examine the results of microbiological cultures from local bone autografts used in posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and to identify their association with postoperative spinal infection. METHODS The authors retrospectively evaluated cases involving 328 patients who had no previous spinal surgeries and underwent PLIF for degenerative diseases with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Local bone was obtained during laminectomy, and microbiological culture was performed immediately prior to bone grafting. The associations between culture results from local bone autografts and postoperative spinal infections were evaluated. RESULTS The contamination rate of local bone was 4.3% (14 of 328 cases). Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (29%) was the most common contaminant isolated, followed by Streptococcus species and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Of 14 patients with positive culture results, 5 (35.7%) had postoperative spinal infections and were treated with intravenous antibiotics for a minimum of 4 weeks. One of these 5 patients also underwent reoperation for debridement during this 4-week period. Regardless of the microbiological culture results, the infection rate after PLIF with local bone autograft was 2.4% (8 of 328 cases), with 5 (62.5%) of 8 patients showing positive results on autograft culture. CONCLUSIONS The incidence of contamination of local bone autograft during PLIF was considerable, and positive culture results were significantly associated with postoperative spinal infection. Special attention focused on the preparation of local bone for autograft and its microbiological culture will be helpful for the control of postoperative spinal infection. PMID:26360142

  15. Interbody fusion and instrumentation.

    Enker, P; Steffee, A D

    1994-03-01

    Fusion indications in adult degenerative disk disease of the lumbosacral spine include isolated disk resorption, primary and secondary instability, recurrent disk herniation, and pseudarthrosis. Common to these indications are variable proportions of biomechanical insufficiency of the motion segment, instability, deformity, and spinal stenosis. Apart from favorable psychosocial and work related variables, satisfactory outcome is dependent on treatment by a combination of diskectomy, decompression, and deformity correction, in addition to fusion. Isolated intertransverse or interbody fusions show variable fusion rates that are increased by concurrent instrumentation. Persistent pseudarthrosis rates and instrumentation failures have prompted circumferential fusion techniques. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and segmental pedicle-based plate fixation overcome earlier problems with PLIF by allowing for wide decompression and increased exposure for disk space preparation, minimizing neural injury. Pedicle fixation restores segmental stability and minimizes graft retropulsion. Restoration of anterior column support prolongs instrumentation life, and increases fusion rates irrespective of the number of levels fused. Disk space distraction, with the use of instrumentation as a working tool, permits safer decompression of the intraforaminal zone, a common area of stenosis, and single or multilevel deformity correction to restore coronal, axial, and sagittal alignment and spinal balance. Even though the surgical technique is demanding, fusion rates up to 96% and clinical success up to 86% are achieved. PMID:8131360

  16. Dynamic stabilization using the Dynesys system versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease: a clinical and radiological outcomes-based meta-analysis.

    Lee, Chang-Hyun; Jahng, Tae-Ahn; Hyun, Seung-Jae; Kim, Chi Heon; Park, Sung-Bae; Kim, Ki-Jeong; Chung, Chun Kee; Kim, Hyun-Jib; Lee, Soo-Eon

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The Dynesys, a pedicle-based dynamic stabilization (PDS) system, was introduced to overcome the drawbacks of fusion procedures. Nevertheless, the theoretical advantages of PDS over fusion have not been clearly confirmed. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent PDS using the Dynesys system with those who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). METHODS The authors searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database. Studies that reported outcomes of patients who underwent PDS or PLIF for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease were included. The primary efficacy end points were perioperative outcomes. The secondary efficacy end points were changes in the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and back and leg pain visual analog scale (VAS) scores and in range of motion (ROM) at the treated and adjacent segments. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate weighted mean differences (WMDs), 95% confidence intervals, Q statistics, and I(2) values. Forest plots were constructed for each analysis group. RESULTS Of the 274 retrieved articles, 7 (which involved 506 participants [Dynesys, 250; PLIF, 256]) met the inclusion criteria. The Dynesys group showed a competitive advantage in mean surgery duration (20.73 minutes, 95% CI 8.76-32.70 minutes), blood loss (81.87 ml, 95% CI 45.11-118.63 ml), and length of hospital stay (1.32 days, 95% CI 0.23-2.41 days). Both the Dynesys and PLIF groups experienced improved ODI and VAS scores after 2 years of follow-up. Regarding the ODI and VAS scores, no statistically significant difference was noted according to surgical procedure (ODI: WMD 0.12, 95% CI -3.48 to 3.72; back pain VAS score: WMD -0.15; 95% CI -0.56 to 0.26; leg pain VAS score: WMD -0.07; 95% CI -0.47 to 0.32). The mean ROM at the adjacent segment increased in both groups, and there was no substantial difference between them (WMD 1.13; 95% CI -0.33 to 2.59). Although the United States is the biggest market for Dynesys, no eligible study from the United States was found, and 4 of 8 enrolled studies were performed in China. The results must be interpreted with caution because of publication bias. During Dynesys implantation, surgeons have to decide the length of the spacer and cord pretension. These values are debatable and can vary according to the surgeon's experience and the patient's condition. Differences between the surgical procedures were not considered in this study. CONCLUSIONS Fusion still remains the method of choice for advanced degeneration and gross instability. However, spinal degenerative disease with or without Grade I spondylolisthesis, particularly in patients who require a quicker recovery, will likely constitute the main indication for PDS using the Dynesys system. PMID:26721581

  17. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... for spine surgery called XLIF, extreme lateral interbody fusion. Dr. Juan Uribe will perform the procedure. Dr. ... A better term would be extreme lateral interbody fusion. This is a procedure that has been performed ...

  18. Endoscopic foraminotomy for recurrent lumbar radiculopathy after TLIF: Technical report

    Telfeian, Albert E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a well-accepted fusion technique that uses unilateral facet removal as an oblique corridor for inserting an interbody spacer. This manuscript focused on five cases of endoscopic foraminotomy for patients presenting with recurrent radiculopathy after TLIF procedures. Methods: After Institutional Review Board approval, charts from five patients with lumbar radiculopathy and instrumented TLIF procedures who underwent subsequent end...

  19. Leading and trailing cells cooperate in collective migration of the zebrafish posterior lateral line primordium

    Dalle Nogare, Damian; Somers, Katherine; Rao, Swetha; Matsuda, Miho; Reichman-Fried, Michal; Raz, Erez; Chitnis, Ajay B.

    2014-01-01

    Collective migration of cells in the zebrafish posterior lateral line primordium (PLLp) along a path defined by Cxcl12a expression depends on Cxcr4b receptors in leading cells and on Cxcr7b in trailing cells. Cxcr7b-mediated degradation of Cxcl12a by trailing cells generates a local gradient of Cxcl12a that guides PLLp migration. Agent-based computer models were built to explore how a polarized response to Cxcl12a, mediated by Cxcr4b in leading cells and prevented by Cxcr7b in trailing cells,...

  20. The VariLift® Interbody Fusion System: expandable, standalone interbody fusion

    Emstad E

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Erik Emstad,1 Diana Cardenas del Monaco,1 Louis C Fielding,2 Jon E Block2 1Wenzel Spine, Inc., Austin, TX, 2The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract: Intervertebral fusion cages have been in clinical use since the 1990s. Cages offer the benefits of bone graft containment, restored intervertebral and foraminal height, and a more repeatable, stable procedure compared to interbody fusion with graft material alone. Due to concerns regarding postoperative stability, loss of lordosis, and subsidence or migration of the implant, interbody cages are commonly used with supplemental fixation such as pedicle screw systems or anterior plates. While providing additional stability, supplemental fixation techniques increase operative time, exposure, cost, and morbidity. The VariLift® Interbody Fusion System (VariLift® system has been developed as a standalone solution to provide the benefits of intervertebral fusion cages without the requirement of supplemental fixation. The VariLift® system, FDA-cleared for standalone use in both the cervical and lumbar spine, is implanted in a minimal profile and then expanded in situ to provide segmental stability, restored lordosis, and a large graft chamber. Preclinical testing and analyses have found that the VariLift® System is durable, and reduces stresses that may contribute to subsidence and migration of other standalone interbody cages. Fifteen years of clinical development with the VariLift® system have demonstrated positive clinical outcomes, continued patient maintenance of segmental stability and lordosis, and no evidence of implant migration. The purpose of this report is to describe the VariLift® system, including implant characteristics, principles of operation, indications for use, patient selection criteria, surgical technique, postoperative care, preclinical testing, and clinical experience. The VariLift® System represents an improved surgical option for a stable interbody fusion without requiring supplemental fixation. Keywords: TLIF, PLIF, ACDF, standalone cage

  1. Optimal 3-D conformal treatment planning of posterior lateral supratentorial tumors

    Purpose/Objective: The ability to treat the brain to greater doses is limited by normal brain tissue tolerance. With the use of 3-dimensional treatment planning dose escalation will result in increased target dose while sparing normal tissue. Treatment of the supratentorial region of the brain presents several unique difficulties due to the changing contour of the calvarium, which are especially noticeable with treatment to the posterior lateral quadrant. The use of a single wedge beam is sub-optimal and a more appropriate solution would employ a two tier wedge arrangement to better conform the isodoses around the target volume. In the past it has only been possible to use a single wedge during treatment with a single port, however, the dynamic wedge presents the opportunity to employ a two tier wedge system by simultaneously using conventional and dynamic wedging. Methods and Materials: An anthropomorphic phantom with a lesion located in the posterior lateral aspect of the brain where the external surface slopes at a maximum was configured. CT generated contours outlined the external surface, normal anatomy, gross tumor, and target volumes. We used the beam's-eye-view projection from the 3D planning system to derive the conformal beams. A standard opposed lateral and posterior oblique wedge pair beam arrangements, were compared to a three field technique (PA, lateral, and vertex) which used both a single wedge arrangement and a two-tier wedge plan. Treatment plans were evaluated by calculating isodose distribution, DVH, TCP, and NTCP. Each beam arrangement was used to treat our phantom with film placed in between the phantom layers at the tumor levels to confirm the accuracy of the 3-D system calculations. Results: The three field, two-tier wedge technique isodose distribution was significantly superior when compared to the standard 2-D plans, and a moderate improvement over the three field, single wedge technique in terms of conforming dose to the tumor and percentage of normal brain tissue spared, when 60.0 Gy covers 100% of the target volume. The percentage of normal brain receiving greater than 45.0 Gy was; 31% for the opposed laterals; 32% for the posterior wedge pair, 19% for the three field, single tier wedge; and 15% for the three field two tier wedge plan. The film dosimetry confirmed the isodose distributions for all beam arrangements to within 5%. Conclusions: Treatment of a posterior or posterior-lateral supratentorial brain lesion present a unique problem in terms of radiation therapy treatment planning due to the rapidly changing contours of the calvarium, resulting in diverging concave anatomical surfaces contained within a single beam port. The use of a multiple field, two tier wedge beam arrangement offers the unique ability to tightly conform the dose in areas of rapidly changing external surfaces while sparing normal tissues

  2. Molecular dissection of the migrating posterior lateral line primordium during early development in zebrafish

    Villablanca Eduardo J

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Development of the posterior lateral line (PLL system in zebrafish involves cell migration, proliferation and differentiation of mechanosensory cells. The PLL forms when cranial placodal cells delaminate and become a coherent, migratory primordium that traverses the length of the fish to form this sensory system. As it migrates, the primordium deposits groups of cells called neuromasts, the specialized organs that contain the mechanosensory hair cells. Therefore the primordium provides both a model for studying collective directional cell migration and the differentiation of sensory cells from multipotent progenitor cells. Results Through the combined use of transgenic fish, Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting and microarray analysis we identified a repertoire of key genes expressed in the migrating primordium and in differentiated neuromasts. We validated the specific expression in the primordium of a subset of the identified sequences by quantitative RT-PCR, and by in situ hybridization. We also show that interfering with the function of two genes, f11r and cd9b, defects in primordium migration are induced. Finally, pathway construction revealed functional relationships among the genes enriched in the migrating cell population. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that this is a robust approach to globally analyze tissue-specific expression and we predict that many of the genes identified in this study will show critical functions in developmental events involving collective cell migration and possibly in pathological situations such as tumor metastasis.

  3. Evaluation of unilateral cage-instrumented fixation for lumbar spine

    Chen Hung-Yi; Wang Chien-Shiung; Chang Jia-Hao; Chang Ti-Sheng; Cheng Ching-Wei

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background To investigate how unilateral cage-instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) affects the three-dimensional flexibility in degenerative disc disease by comparing the biomechanical characteristics of unilateral and bilateral cage-instrumented PLIF. Methods Twelve motion segments in sheep lumbar spine specimens were tested for flexion, extension, axial rotation, and lateral bending by nondestructive flexibility test method using a nonconstrained testing apparatus....

  4. ISSLS Prize Winner: Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Monitoring Interbody Fusion With Equine Bone Protein Extract, Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2, and Autograft

    Foldager, Casper; Bendtsen, Michael; Zou, Xuenong; Zou, Lijin; Olsen, Aage; Munk, Ole; Stdkilde-Jrgensen, Hans; Bnger, Cody

    2008-01-01

    STUDY DESIGN.: Prospective and randomized experimental study with anterior lumbar interbody fusion in a porcine model. OBJECTIVE.: To assess the early time-course of spinal fusion with equine bone protein extract (COLLOSS E), recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), and autograft...

  5. More nerve root injuries occur with minimally invasive lumbar surgery: Let's tell someone

    Epstein, Nancy E.

    2016-01-01

    Background: In a recent study entitled: More nerve root injuries occur with minimally invasive lumbar surgery, especially extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF): A review, Epstein documented that more nerve root injuries occurred utilizing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open lumbar surgery for diskectomy, decompression of stenosis (laminectomy), and/or fusion for instability. Methods: In large multicenter Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial reviews performed by Desai et al., nerve root injury with open diskectomy occurred in 0.130.25% of cases, occurred in 0% of laminectomy/stenosis with/without fusion cases, and just 2% for open laminectomy/stenosis/degenerative spondylolisthesis with/without fusion. Results: In another MIS series performed largely for disc disease (often contained nonsurgical disc herniations, therefore unnecessary procedures) or spondylolisthesis, the risk of root injury was 2% for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus 7.8% for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). Furthermore, the high frequencies of radiculitis/nerve root/plexus injuries incurring during anterior lumbar interbody fusions (ALIF: 15.8%) versus extreme lumbar interbody fusions (XLIF: 23.8%), addressing disc disease, failed back surgery, and spondylolisthesis, were far from acceptable. Conclusions: The incidence of nerve root injuries following any of the multiple MIS lumbar surgical techniques (TLIF/PLIF/ALIF/XLIF) resulted in more nerve root injuries when compared with open conventional lumbar surgical techniques. Considering the majority of these procedures are unnecessarily being performed for degenerative disc disease alone, spine surgeons should be increasingly asked why they are offering these operations to their patients?

  6. PEEK-Halo effect in interbody fusion.

    Phan, Kevin; Hogan, Jarred A; Assem, Yusuf; Mobbs, Ralph J

    2016-02-01

    Recent developments have seen poly[aryl-ether-ether-ketone] (PEEK) being increasingly used in vertebral body fusion. More novel approaches to improve PEEK have included the introduction of titanium-PEEK (Ti-PEEK) composites and coatings. This paper aims to describe a potential complication of PEEK based implants relating to poorer integration with the surrounding bone, producing a "PEEK-Halo" effect which is not seen in Ti-PEEK composite implants. We present images from two patients undergoing anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). The first patient underwent an L5/S1 ALIF using a PEEK implant whilst the second patient underwent L4/L5 ALIF using a Ti-PEEK composite implant. Evidence of osseointegration was sought using CT imaging and confirmed using histological preparations of a sheep tibia model. The PEEK-Halo effect is demonstrated by a halo effect between the PEEK implant and the bone graft on CT imaging. This phenomenon is secondary to poor osseointegration of PEEK implants. The PEEK-Halo effect was not demonstrated in the second patient who received a Ti-PEEK composite graft. Histological analysis of graft/bone interface surfaces in PEEK versus Ti-PEEK implants in a sheep model further confirmed poorer osseointegration of the PEEK implant. In conclusion, the PEEK-Halo effect is seen secondary to minimal osseointegration of PEEK at the adjacent vertebral endplate following a PEEK implant insertion. This effect is not seen with Ti-PEEK implants, and may support the role of titanium in improving the bone-implant interface of PEEK substrates. PMID:26474500

  7. Lumbar degenerative spinal deformity: Surgical options of PLIF, TLIF and MI-TLIF

    Hey Hwee Weng

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Degenerative disease of the lumbar spine is common in ageing populations. It causes disturbing back pain, radicular symptoms and lowers the quality of life. We will focus our discussion on the surgical options of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF for lumbar degenerative spinal deformities, which include symptomatic spondylolisthesis and degenerative scoliosis. Through a description of each procedure, we hope to illustrate the potential benefits of TLIF over PLIF. In a retrospective study of 53 ALIF/PLIF patients and 111 TLIF patients we found reduced risk of vessel and nerve injury in TLIF patients due to less exposure of these structures, shortened operative time and reduced intra-operative bleeding. These advantages could be translated to shortened hospital stay, faster recovery period and earlier return to work. The disadvantages of TLIF such as incomplete intervertebral disc and vertebral end-plate removal and potential occult injury to exiting nerve root when under experienced hands are rare. Hence TLIF remains the mainstay of treatment in degenerative deformities of the lumbar spine. However, TLIF being a unilateral transforaminal approach, is unable to decompress the opposite nerve root. This may require contralateral laminotomy, which is a fairly simple procedure.The use of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF to treat degenerative lumbar spinal deformity is still in its early stages. Although the initial results appear promising, it remains a difficult operative procedure to master with a steep learning curve. In a recent study comparing 29 MI-TLIF patients and 29 open TLIF, MI-TLIF was associated with longer operative time, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, with no difference in SF-36 scores at six months and two years. Whether it can replace traditional TLIF as the surgery of choice for degenerative lumbar deformity remains unknown and more studies are required to validate the safety and efficiency.

  8. Spine interbody implants: material selection and modification, functionalization and bioactivation of surfaces to improve osseointegration.

    Rao, Prashanth J; Pelletier, Matthew H; Walsh, William R; Mobbs, Ralph J

    2014-05-01

    The clinical outcome of lumbar spinal fusion is correlated with achievement of bony fusion. Improving interbody implant bone on-growth and in-growth may enhance fusion, limiting pseudoarthrosis, stress shielding, subsidence and implant failure. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and titanium (Ti) are commonly selected for interbody spacer construction. Although these materials have desirable biocompatibility and mechanical properties, they require further modification to support osseointegration. Reports of extensive research on this topic are available in biomaterial-centric published reports; however, there are few clinical studies concerning surface modification of interbody spinal implants. The current article focuses on surface modifications aimed at fostering osseointegration from a clinician's point of view. Surface modification of Ti by creating rougher surfaces, modifying its surface topography (macro and nano), physical and chemical treatment and creating a porous material with high interconnectivity can improve its osseointegrative potential and bioactivity. Coating the surface with osteoconductive materials like hydroxyapatite (HA) can improve osseointegration. Because PEEK spacers are relatively inert, creating a composite by adding Ti or osteoconductive materials like HA can improve osseointegration. In addition, PEEK may be coated with Ti, effectively bio-activating the coating. PMID:24890288

  9. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... there, we just get access to the disk space and perform the fusion. And that's all done ... are placed to allow exposure to the disc space. This patient is suffering from severe lumbar spondylosis. ...

  10. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... and allow for a fusion without disrupting the rest of the soft tissue. You can see Dr. ... allows bone-to-bone fusion without disturbing the rest of the lumbar anatomy. Again, I mean, as ...

  11. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    ... done for many years, and it's considered a lumber -- it's considered a standard lumbar spine fusion. The ... spondylosis. Again, spondylosis means arthritis, which results in pain, nerve damage, and all of the above. So ...

  12. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... done for many years, and it's considered a lumber -- it's considered a standard lumbar spine fusion. The ... spondylosis. Again, spondylosis means arthritis, which results in pain, nerve damage, and all of the above. So ...

  13. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... intractable lumbar spondylosis. Anybody that suffers from spine disease from L4 and above could potentially benefit from ... quick shot of our radiograph of the potential disease that can be corrected with this minimal access ...

  14. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Full Text Available ... on the lumbar plexus. And with the NeuroVision monitoring on the screen, we are obtaining the numbers ... are changing. Now we can see on the monitoring, you have 9, so it's telling me that ...

  15. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion vs. posterolateral instrumented fusion

    Christensen, A; Høy, K; Bünger, C; Helmig, P; Hansen, E S; Andersen, Thomas Borbjerg; Søgaard, Rikke

    2014-01-01

    Long-lasting low back pain is an increasing problem, and for some patients surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal fusion are available and the optimal technique remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness and cost...

  16. Perioperative complications of minimally invasive surgery (MIS): comparison of MIS and open interbody fusion techniques.

    Bagan, Bradley; Patel, Nimesh; Deutsch, Harel; Harrop, James; Sharan, Ashwini; Vaccaro, Alexander R; Ratliff, John K

    2008-01-01

    The risk of perioperative complications while adopting minimally invasive spine surgery techniques may slow the acceptance of this technology. We assess the perioperative complication rate with minimally invasive single- and two-level interbody fusions and compare this incidence with a contemporaneous cohort of open single- and two-level open interbody fusions, with all procedures completed by a single surgeon in a single practice group. We compiled all open and MIS interbody fusion cases completed during the study period. Sofamor-Danek X-Tube and Stryker Luxor minimally invasive systems were used on all patients. Medical records were reviewed to assess any adverse events occurring in the perioperative period. Care was taken to include all medical and surgical adverse events and complications occurring within 30 days of surgery. Over the study period, 28 minimally invasive lumbar fusions were identified: 24 single- and 4 two-level cases. Both TLIF and PLIF techniques were used. This cohort was compared with a group of 19 single- and two-level open interbody fusion cases completed over the same period. The complication rate for the MIS cohort was 18%, with 7 complications occurring in 5 patients. In the open group, 8 complications occurred in 7 patients, an incidence of 37%. A standard distribution of complications occurred, and the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Limiting our analysis to severe complications yielded rates of 7% and 21% for the two groups, also not significantly divergent. Perioperative complications are not more common in well-selected MIS patients. Allowing for proper patient selection, MIS techniques have a favorable complication profile. PMID:18802914

  17. A comparison of posterior lumbar interbody fusion and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: a literature review and meta-analysis

    Zhang, Qunhu; Yuan, Zhen; Zhou, Min; Liu, Huan; Xu, Yong; Ren, Yongxin

    2014-01-01

    Background We compared the perioperative results and complications associated with PLIF and TLIF, and collected evidence for choosing the better fusion method. Methods A literature survey of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases identified 7 comparative observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. Checklists by Cowley were used to evaluate the risk of bias of the included studies. A database including patient demographic information, perioperative results, and complications was establish...

  18. Clear Zone Formation around Screws in the Early Postoperative Stages after Posterior Lumbar Fusion Using the Cortical Bone Trajectory Technique

    Ninomiya, Koshi; Iwatsuki, Koichi; Ohnishi, Yu-ichiro; Ohkawa, Toshika; Yoshimine, Toshiki

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Purpose To evaluate the initial fixation using the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) technique for posterior lumbar fusion through assessment of the clear zones around the screws and the risk factors involved. Overview of Literature Postoperative radiolucent zones (clear zones) are an indicator of poor conventional pedicle screw fixation. Methods Between January 2013 and April 2014, 19 patients (8 men and 11 women) underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion or ...

  19. Single-level transforaminal interbody fusion for traumatic lumbosacral fracture-dislocation: a case report.

    Herrera, Anthony J; Berry, Chirag A; Rao, Raj D

    2013-02-01

    L5S1 fracture-dislocations are rare three-column injuries. The infrequency of this injury has led to a lack of a universally accepted treatment strategy. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been shown to be an effective approach for interbody fusion in degenerative indications, but has not been previously reported in the operative management of traumatic lumbosacral dislocation. The authors report a case of traumatic L5S1 fracture-dislocation in a 30-year-old male, presenting with a right-sided L5 neurologic deficit, following a street sweeper accident. Imaging revealed an L5S1 fracture-dislocation with fracture of the S1 body. Open reduction with TLIF and L5S1 posterolateral instrumented fusion was carried out within 24 hours of injury. Excellent reduction was obtained, and maintained at long-term follow-up, with complete resolution of pain and neurologic deficit. In this patient, L5S1 fracture-dislocation was treated successfully, with an excellent outcome, with a single level TLIF and instrumented posterolateral fusion at L5S1. PMID:23547528

  20. Allogenic versus autologous cancellous bone in lumbar segmental spondylodesis: a randomized prospective study

    Putzier, Michael; Strube, Patrick; Funk, Julia F.; Gross, Christian; Mönig, Hans-Joachim; Perka, Carsten; Pruss, Axel

    2009-01-01

    The current gold standard in lumbar fusion consists of transpedicular fixation in combination with an interbody interponate of autologous bone from iliac crest. Because of the limited availability of autologous bone as well as the still relevant donor site morbidity after iliac crest grafting the need exists for alternative grafts with a comparable outcome. Forty patients with degenerative spinal disease were treated with a monosegmental spondylodesis (ventrally, 1 PEEK-cage; dorsally, a scre...

  1. Minimally Invasive Versus Open Lumbar Fusion: A Comparison of Blood Loss, Surgical Complications, and Hospital Course

    Patel, Amar A.; Zfass-Mendez, Matthew; Lebwohl, Nathan H.; Wang, Michael Y.; Green, Barth A.; Levi, Allan D.; Vanni, Steven; Williams, Seth K.

    2015-01-01

    Background Perioperative blood loss is a frequent concern in spine surgery and often necessitates the use of allogeneic transfusion. Minimally invasive technique (MIS) is an option that minimizes surgical trauma and therefore intra-operative bleeding. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the blood loss, surgical complications, and duration of inpatient hospitalization in patients undergoing open posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF), open posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with PLF, or MIS transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF). Methods Operative reports and perioperative data of patients undergoing single-level, primary open PLF (n=41), open PLIF/PLF (n=42), and MIS TLIF (n=71) were retrospectively evaluated. Patient demographics, operative blood loss, use of transfusion products, complications, and length of stay were tabulated. Patient data was controlled for age, BMI, and gender for statistical analysis. Results Patients undergoing open PLF and open PLIF/PLF respectively experienced a significantly higher blood loss (pcomplications (dural injury, wound infections, screw malposition) (p=0.02) than those undergoing MIS TLIF. There was no statistically significant difference in duration of hospital stay (p=0.11). Conclusions MIS TLIF provides interbody fusion with less intraoperative blood loss and subsequently a lower transfusion rate compared to open techniques, but this did not influence length of hospital stay. MIS TLIF is at least as safe as open techniques with respect to dural tear, wound infection, and screw placement. Level of Evidence Level III, Therapeutic PMID:26361455

  2. The impact of sagittal balance on clinical results after posterior interbody fusion for patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis: A Pilot study

    Chung Sung-Soo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Comparatively little is known about the relation between the sagittal vertical axis and clinical outcome in cases of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. The objective of this study was to determine whether lumbar sagittal balance affects clinical outcomes after posterior interbody fusion. This series suggests that consideration of sagittal balance during posterior interbody fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis can yield high levels of patient satisfaction and restore spinal balance Methods A retrospective study of clinical outcomes and a radiological review was performed on 18 patients with one or two level degenerative spondylolisthesis. Patients were divided into two groups: the patients without improvement in pelvic tilt, postoperatively (Group A; n = 10 and the patients with improvement in pelvic tilt postoperatively (Group B; n = 8. Pre- and postoperative clinical outcome surveys were administered to determine Visual Analogue Pain Scores (VAS and Oswestry disability index (ODI. In addition, we evaluated full spine radiographic films for pelvic tilt (PT, sacral slope (SS, pelvic incidence (PI, thoracic kyphosis (TK, lumbar lordosis (LL, sacrofemoral distance (SFD, and sacro C7 plumb line distance (SC7D Results All 18 patients underwent surgery principally for the relief of radicular leg pain and back pain. In groups A and B, mean preoperative VAS were 6.85 and 6.81, respectively, and these improved to 3.20 and 1.63 at last follow-up. Mean preoperative ODI were 43.2 and 50.4, respectively, and these improved to 23.6 and 18.9 at last follow-up. In spinopelvic parameters, no significant difference was found between preoperative and follow up variables except PT in Group A. However, significant difference was found between the preoperative and follows up values of PT, SS, TK, LL, and SFD/SC7D in Group B. Between parameters of group A and B, there is borderline significance on preoperative PT, preoperative LL and last follow up SS. Correlation analysis revealed the VAS improvements in Group A were significantly related to postoperative lumbar lordosis (Pearson's coefficient = -0.829; p = 0.003. Similarly, ODI improvements were also associated with postoperative lumbar lordosis (Pearson's coefficient = -0.700; p = 0.024. However, in Group B, VAS and ODI improvements were not found to be related to postoperative lumbar lordosis and to spinopelvic parameters. Conclusion In the current series, patients improving PT after fusion were found to achieve good clinical outcomes in degenerative spondylolisthesis. Overall, our findings show that it is important to quantify sagittal spinopelvic parameters and promote sagittal balance when performing lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

  3. Control of cell migration in the development of the posterior lateral line: antagonistic interactions between the chemokine receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7/RDC1

    Ghysen Alain

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The formation of the posterior lateral line of teleosts depends on the migration of a primordium that originates near the otic vesicle and moves to the tip of the tail. Groups of cells at the trailing edge of the primordium slow down at regular intervals and eventually settle to differentiate as sense organs. The migration of the primordium is driven by the chemokine SDF1 and by its receptor CXCR4, encoded respectively by the genes sdf1a and cxcr4b. cxcr4b is expressed in the migrating cells and is down-regulated in the trailing cells of the primordium. sdf1a is expressed along the path of migration. There is no evidence for a gradient of sdf1a expression, however, and the origin of the directionality of migration is not known. Results Here we document the expression of a second chemokine receptor gene, cxcr7, in the migrating primordium. We show that cxcr7 is highly expressed in the trailing cells of the primordium but not at all in the leading cells, a pattern that is complementary to that of cxcr4b. Even though cxcr7 is not expressed in the cells that lead primordium migration, its inactivation results in impaired migration. The phenotypes of cxcr4b, cxcr7 double morphant embryos suggest, however, that CXCR7 does not contribute to the migratory capabilities of primordium cells. We also show that, in the absence of cxcr4b, expression of cxcr7 becomes ubiquitous in the stalled primordium. Conclusion Our observations suggest that CXCR7 is required to provide directionality to the migration. We propose that directionality is imposed on the primordium as soon as it comes in contact with the stripe of SDF1, and is maintained throughout migration by a negative interaction between the two receptors.

  4. Heterotopic Ossification Causing Radiculopathy after Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty.

    Jackson, Keith L; Hire, Justin M; Jacobs, Jeremy M; Key, Charles C; DeVine, John G

    2015-06-01

    To date, no reports have presented radiculopathy secondary to heterotopic ossification following lumbar total disc arthroplasty. The authors present a previously unpublished complication of lumbar total disk arthroplasty (TDA) secondary to heterotopic ossification (HO) in the spinal canal, and they propose a modification to the McAfee classification of HO. The patient had undergone an L5/S1 lumbar TDA two years prior due to discogenic back pain. His preoperative back pain was significantly relieved, but he developed new, atraumatic onset radiculopathy. Radiographs and a computed tomography myelogram revealed an implant malposition posteriorly with heterotopic bone formation in the canal, causing an impingement of the traversing nerve root. Revision surgery was performed with implant extraction, L5/S1 anterior lumbar interbody fusion, supplemental posterior decompression, and pedicle screw fixation. The patient tolerated the procedure well, with complete resolution of the radicular leg pain. At a two-year follow up, the patient had a solid fusion without subsidence or recurrence of heterotopic bone. This case represents a novel pattern of heterotopic ossification, and it describes a previously unreported cause for implant failure in lumbar disc replacement surgery-reinforcing the importance of proper intraoperative component positioning. We propose a modification to the existing McAfee classification of HO after TDA with the addition of Class V and VI HO. PMID:26097664

  5. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... a few minutes. Lumbar surgery, particularly from the micro-lumbar discectomy style, it is a very common ... used for cervical spine problems? Yeah. We perform micro-lumbar surgical procedures in the cervical spine routinely. ...

  6. Results of instrumented posterolateral fusion in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis with and without segmental kyphosis: A retrospective investigation

    Szu-Yuan Chen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Treatment by posterolateral fusion (PLF with pedicle-screw instrumentation can be unsuccessful in one-segment and low-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis. Segmental kyphosis, either rigid or dynamic, was hypothesized to be one of the factors interfering with the fusion results. Methods: From 2004 to 2005, 239 patients with single-segment and low-grade spondylolisthesis were recruited and divided into two groups: Group 1 consisting of 129 patients without segmental kyphosis and group 2 consisting of 110 patients with segmental kyphosis. All patients underwent instrumented PLF at the same medical institute, and the average follow-up period was 31 19 months. We obtained plain radiographs of the lumbosacral spine with the anteroposterior view, the lateral view, and the dynamic flexion-extension views before the operation and during the follow-ups. The results of PLF in the two groups were then compared. Results: There was no significant difference in the demographic data of the two groups, except for gender distribution. The osseous fusion rates were 90.7% in group 1 and 68.2% in group 2 (p < 0.001. Conclusion: Instrumented PLF resulted in significantly higher osseous fusion rate in patients without segmental kyphosis than in the patients with segmental kyphosis. For the patients with sagittal imbalance, such as rigid or dynamic kyphosis, pedicle-screw fixation cannot ensure successful PLF. Interbody fusion by the posterior lumbar interbody fusion or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion technique might help overcome this problem.

  7. Iatrogenic neurologic deficit after lumbar spine surgery: A review.

    Ghobrial, George M; Williams, Kim A; Arnold, Paul; Fehlings, Michael; Harrop, James S

    2015-12-01

    Iatrogenic neurologic deficits after lumbar spine surgery are rare complications, but important to recognize and manage. Complications such as radiculopathy, spinal cord compression, motor deficits (i.e. foot drop with L5 radiculopathy), and new onset radiculitis, while uncommon do occur. Attempts at mitigating these complications with the use of neuromonitoring have been successful. Guidance in the literature as to the true rate of iatrogenic neurologic deficit is limited to several case studies and retrospective designed studies describing the management, prevention and treatment of these deficits. The authors review the lumbar spinal surgery literature to examine the incidence of iatrogenic neurologic deficit in the lumbar spinal surgery literature. An advanced MEDLINE search conducted on May 14th, 2015 from January 1, 2004 through May 14, 2015, using the following MeSH search terms "postoperative complications," then subterms "lumbar vertebrae," treatment outcome," "spinal fusion," and "radiculopathy" were included together with "postoperative complications" in a single search. Postoperative complications including radiculopathy, weakness, and spinal cord compression were included. The definition of iatrogenic neurologic complication was limited to post-operative radiculopathy, motor weakness or new onset pain/radiculitis. An advanced MEDLINE search conducted on May 14th, 2015 using all of the above terms together yielded 21 results. After careful evaluation, 11 manuscripts were excluded and 10 were carefully reviewed. The most common indications for surgery were degenerative spondylolisthesis, spondylosis, scoliosis, and lumbar stenosis. In 2783 patients in 12 total studies, there were 56 patients who had reported a postoperative neurologic deficit for a rate of 5.7. The rates of deficits ranged from 0.46% to 17% in the studies used. The average rate of reported neurologic complications within these papers was 9% (range 0.46-24%). Thirty patients of a total of 731 (4.1%) had a new onset neurologic injury after anterior lumber interbody fusion or lateral lumber interbody fusion. Thirty-seven out of 2052 (1.9%) patients had a neurologic injury after posterior decompression and fusion. Screw malposition was responsible for 11 deficits. Spinal surgery for lumbar degenerative disease carries a low but definite rate of neurologic deficits. Despite the introduction of neuromonitoring, these complications still occur. Interpretation of neurologic injury rates for lumbar surgery is limited by the few prospective and cohort-matched controlled studies. Likewise, most injuries were associated with the placement of instrumentation despite the type of approach. PMID:26386902

  8. Biomechanical properties of lumbar endplates and their correlation with MRI findings of lumbar degeneration.

    Liu, Junhui; Hao, Lu; Suyou, Letu; Shan, Zhi; Maiwulanjiang, Mamuti; Li, Shengyun; Wang, Chongyan; Fan, Shunwu; Zhao, Fengdong

    2016-02-29

    How stiffness and strength of the human lumbar endplate vary with location, spinal level, and its correlation with MRI findings of lumbar degeneration, has not been reported in detail. 27 lumbar spines (16 male, 11 female, 31-49yrs) were harvested from cadavers without history of lumbar lesion or trauma. Disc and endplate degeneration was evaluated from MRI. Micro-CT was used to evaluate endplate microstructure. Indentation tests were performed to quantify stiffness and strength at 23 sites on each endplate from load-displacement graphs. Results showed that stiffness and strength increased from the centre of the endplate towards its periphery. There was no general age-related reduction in endplate stiffness or strength, although strength decreased slightly with age opposite the inner annulus. Disc degeneration was associated with a 39-46% decrease in stiffness, and a 21-30% decrease in strength, with effects being greatest near the endplate periphery. The presence of Modic changes had a similar effect. Strength and stiffness consistently increased at lower spinal levels, and were consistently greater in the inferior endplate (relative to the vertebra). Gender had little influence, although stiffness in the peripheral endplate was greater in males. BV/TV, SMI, Tb.Th and BMD were positively correlated with strength. We conclude that endplate properties reflect compressive stresses within adjacent intervertebral discs. Weaker and softer endplates may indicate reduced mechanical loading in decompressed discs that are stress-shielded by the neural arch. Preoperative MRI evaluation of endplate integrity could reduce the risk of implant subsidence following inter-body fusion. PMID:26892896

  9. Repeated microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent lumbar disk herniation

    Tianyong, Hou; Qiang, Zhou; Fei, Dai; Fei, Luo; Qingyi, He; Jinsong, Zhang; Jianzhong, Xu.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To explore the microendoscopic discectomy technique and inclusion criteria for the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation and to supply feasible criteria and technical notes to avoid complications and to increase the therapeutic effect. METHODS: A consecutive series of 25 patient [...] s who underwent posterior microendoscopic discectomy for recurrent lumbar disc herniation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: no severe pain in the lumbar region, no lumbar instability observed by flexion-extension radiography and no intervertebral discitis or endplate damage observed by magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and imaging examinations. RESULTS: Follow-up visits were carried out in all cases. Complications, such as nerve injuries, were not observed. The follow-up outcomes were graded using the MacNab criteria. A grade of excellent was given to 12 patients, good to 12 patients and fair to 1 patient. A grade of excellent or good occurred in 96% of cases. One patient relapsed 3 months after surgery and then underwent lumbar interbody fusion and inner fixation. The numerical rating scale of preoperative leg pain was 7.4 1.5, whereas it decreased to 2.10.8 at 7 days after surgery. The preoperative Oswestry disability index of lumbar function was 57.510.0, whereas it was 26.08.5 at 7 days after surgery. CONCLUSION: In these cases, microendoscopic discectomy was able to achieve satisfactory clinical results. Furthermore, it has advantages over other methods because of its smaller incision, reduced bleeding and more efficient recovery.

  10. Anatomic basis of minimal anterior extraperitoneal approach to the lumbar spine.

    Lazennec, J Y; Pouzet, B; Ramare, S; Mora, N; Hansen, S; Trabelsi, R; Guérin-Surville, H; Saillant, G

    1999-01-01

    Anterior lumbar spine approaches may be indicated for fusion in degenerative lumbar spine disorders or to fill discal and bone gaps after fracture reduction. We present an anterior extraperitoneal approach applicable to any discal and vertebral levels from T12 to S1. The anatomic study, based on 25 cadavers, highlights retroperitoneal dissection principles for easy kidney and duodenopancreatic mobilisation and direct left anterior access to the entire lumbar spine. We established a precise description of the lumbar veins and the anastomoses between the left renal vein and hemiazygos system, in order to define different topographic and anatomic factors related to safe and easily reproducible approaches for cage or graft implementation. Independent of the level and previous intraperitoneal surgery, lumbar spine access with this approach safeguards the kidney, ureter, spleen, hypogastric plexus and duodenopancreatic system. Regarding operating time, blood-loss and possibilities for freshening and grafting, this technique seems an effective counterbalance to the difficulties and complex technology of endoscopic approaches. The clinical study includes our first 42 cases in traumatic and degenerative lesions. Avoiding the neurologic or hemorrhagic risk inherent in classical posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) techniques, it can be considered as a reasonable and valid alternative. This technique could be used in the near future for mini invasive discal prosthesis insertion. PMID:10370987

  11. Lumbar spine CT scan

    ... an x-ray of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots (myelography) or an x-ray of the disk (discography). ... spine Bone problems Fracture Lumbar disk herniation Lumbar spinal stenosis Spondylolisthesis

  12. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... Lumbar surgery, particularly from the micro-lumbar discectomy style, it is a very common procedure. Many patients ... muscles and get them functioning back into normal style. So I do not routinely send patients to ...

  13. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... is joining now. Hes the chief of neurological surgery here at Medical Baptist and the medical director ... to be doing in a few minutes. Lumbar surgery, particularly from the micro-lumbar discectomy style, it ...

  14. Congenital Lumbar Hernia

    Sanjay Sharma; Gagan Bali; Satish Parihar; Neeraj Koul

    2008-01-01

    Lumbar hernia is a rare hernia. It constitutes less than one percent of all abdominal hernias. It can becongenital or acquired. Acquired can occur either spontaneously or after surgery or trauma. Only 300cases of lumbar hernia are reported till date. We report a case of congenital lumbar hernia in one month oldmale baby

  15. Early experience with endoscopic revision of lumbar spinal fusions.

    McGrath, Lynn B; Madhavan, Karthik; Chieng, Lee Onn; Wang, Michael Y; Hofstetter, Christoph P

    2016-02-01

    Approximately half a million spinal fusion procedures are performed annually in the US. It is estimated that up to one-third of arthrodesis constructs require revision surgeries. In this study the authors present endoscopic treatment strategies targeting 3 types of complications following arthrodesis surgery: 1) adjacent-level foraminal stenosis; 2) foraminal stenosis at an arthrodesis segment; and 3) stenosis caused by a displaced interbody cage. A retrospective chart review of 11 patients with a mean age of 68 ± 15 years was performed (continuous variables are shown as the mean ± SEM). All patients had a history of lumbar arthrodesis surgery and suffered from unilateral radiculopathy. Endoscopic revision surgeries were done as outpatient procedures, and there were no intraoperative or perioperative complications. The cohort included 3 patients with foraminal stenosis at the level of previous arthrodesis. They presented with unilateral radicular leg pain (visual analog scale [VAS] score: 7.3 ± 2.1) and were severely disabled, as evidenced by an Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) of 46 ± 4.9. Transforaminal endoscopic foraminotomies were performed, and at a mean follow-up time of 9.0 ± 2.5 months VAS was reduced by an average of 6.3. The cohort also includes 7 patients suffering unilateral radiculopathy due to adjacent-level foraminal stenosis. Preoperative VAS for leg pain of the symptomatic side was 6.0 ± 1.6, VAS for back pain was 5.2 ± 1.7, and ODI was 40 ± 6.33. Endoscopic decompression led to reduction of the ipsilateral leg VAS score by an average of 5, resulting in leg pain of 1 ± 0.5 at an average of 8 months of follow-up. The severity of back pain remained stable (VAS 4.2 ± 1.4). Two of these patients required revision surgery for recurrent symptoms. Finally, this study includes 1 patient who presented with weakness and pain due to retropulsion of an L5/S1 interbody spacer. The patient underwent an endoscopic interlaminar approach with partial resection of the interbody cage, which resulted in complete resolution of her radicular symptoms. Endoscopic surgery may be a useful adjunct for management of certain arthrodesis-related complications. Endoscopic foraminal decompression of previously fused segments and resection of displaced interbody cages appears to have excellent outcomes, whereas decompression of adjacent segments remains challenging and requires further investigation. PMID:26828879

  16. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion Results of 23 consecutive cases

    Amit Jhala

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: The study demonstrates a good clinicoradiological outcome of minimally invasive TLIF. It is also superior in terms of postoperative back pain, blood loss, hospital stay, recovery time as well as medication use.

  17. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion—indications and clinical experience

    Akshay Hari

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Our clinical experience along with a review of the medical literature indicates that TLIF can be effectively and safely performed in a minimally invasive fashion for a wide variety of indications.

  18. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... is joining now. He’s the chief of neurological surgery here at Medical Baptist and the medical director of the Neuroscience Center. So tell me a little bit about this procedure? How unique is it, and ... minutes. Lumbar surgery, particularly from the micro-lumbar discectomy style, it ...

  19. Adjacent Segment Instability and Degeneration After Posterior Lumbar Stabilisation

    Engin Ozar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In our study, we aimed to research the changes of adjacent segment degeneration in posterior lumbar spinal fusion patients.Material and Method: In this study, lumbar spondylolysthesis operation applied 36 patients were investigated. Posterior stahilisation and fusion were applied to the first group of 26 patients hy using transpedicular screw and to the second group of 10 patients hy using interbody cage. Patients' JOA scales, adjacents segment disc heihts, osteophyte formations, lomher lordosis angles, and lysthesis degrees were evaluated before and after operation.Results: In hoth groups, as bej'ore and and after operation, the clinical healing was detected statistically significant according to JOA scale measurement. Postoperative lomher lordosis angles were increased, upper and lower disc spaces heights nex to the fused segments were decreased, new instability nex to the segment has not heen found and thus these results were not statistically significant.Conclusion: We observed significant clinical improvement in posterior lumhar spinal fusion applied patients in early postoperative period and ur?significant degeneration in adjacent segments.

  20. Is Hydronephrosis a Complication after Anterior Lumbar Surgery?

    Parks, Ruth M; Behrbalk, Eyal; Mosharraf, Syed; Mller, Roger M; Boszczyk, Bronek M

    2015-12-01

    Study Design?Prospective follow-up design. Objective?Ureteral injury is a recognized complication following gynecologic surgery and can result in hydronephrosis. Anterior lumbar surgery includes procedures like anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and total disk replacement (TDR). Anterior approaches to the spine require mobilization of the great vessels and visceral organs. The vascular supply to the ureter arising from the iliac arteries may be compromised during midline retraction of the ureter, which could theoretically lead to ureter ischemia and stricture with subsequent hydronephrosis formation. Methods?Potential candidates with previous ALIF or TDR via anterior retroperitoneal access between January 2008 and March 2012 were chosen from those operated on by a single surgeon in a university hospital setting (n?=?85). Renal ultrasound evaluation of hydronephrosis was performed on all participants. Simple descriptive and inferential statistics were used to generate results. Results?A total of 37 voluntary participants were recruited (23 male, 14 female subjects; average age 51.8 years). The prevalence of hydronephrosis in our population was 0.0% (95% confidence interval 0 to 8.1%). Conclusions?Retraction of the ureter across the midline in ALIF and TDR does not result in an increase in hydronephrosis and appears to be a safe surgical technique. PMID:26682096

  1. Minimally invasive lateral trans-psoas approach for tuberculosis of lumbar spine

    Nitin Garg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior, posterolateral and posterior approaches are used for managing lumbar tuberculosis. Minimally invasive methods are being used increasingly for various disorders of the spine. This report presents the utility of lateral trans-psoas approach to the lumbar spine (LS using minimal access techniques, also known as direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion in 2 cases with tuberculosis of LS. Two patients with tuberculosis at L2-3 and L4-5 presented with back pain. Both had destruction and deformity of the vertebral body. The whole procedure comprising debridement and placement of iliac crest graft was performed using tubular retractors and was augmented by posterior fixation using percutaneous transpedicular screws. Both patients recovered well with no significant procedure related morbidity. Post-operative computed tomography scans showed appropriate position of the graft and instrumentation. At follow-up, both patients are ambulant with no progression of the deformity. Minimal access direct lateral transpsoas approach can be used for debridement and reconstruction of ventral column in tuberculous of Lumbar spine. This paper highlights the growing applications of minimal access surgery for spine.

  2. Lumbar stenosis: clinical case

    Pedro Sá

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar stenosis is an increasingly common pathological condition that is becoming more frequent with increasing mean life expectancy, with high costs for society. It has many causes, among which degenerative, neoplastic and traumatic causes stand out. Most of the patients respond well to conservative therapy. Surgical treatment is reserved for patients who present symptoms after implementation of conservative measures. Here, a case of severe stenosis of the lumbar spine at several levels, in a female patient with pathological and surgical antecedents in the lumbar spine, is presented. The patient underwent two different decompression techniques within the same operation.

  3. Theoretical model of a piezoelectric composite spinal fusion interbody implant.

    Tobaben, Nicholas E; Domann, John P; Arnold, Paul M; Friis, Elizabeth A

    2014-04-01

    Failure rates of spinal fusion are high in smokers and diabetics. The authors are investigating the development of a piezoelectric composite biomaterial and interbody device design that could generate clinically relevant levels of electrical stimulation to help improve the rate of fusion for these patients. A lumped parameter model of the piezoelectric composite implant was developed based on a model that has been utilized to successfully predict power generation for piezoceramics. Seven variables (fiber material, matrix material, fiber volume fraction, fiber aspect ratio, implant cross-sectional area, implant thickness, and electrical load resistance) were parametrically analyzed to determine their effects on power generation within reasonable implant constraints. Influences of implant geometry and fiber aspect ratio were independent of material parameters. For a cyclic force of constant magnitude, implant thickness was directly and cross-sectional area inversely proportional to power generation potential. Fiber aspect ratios above 30 yielded maximum power generation potential while volume fractions above 15% showed superior performance. This investigation demonstrates the feasibility of using composite piezoelectric biomaterials in medical implants to generate therapeutic levels of direct current electrical stimulation. The piezoelectric spinal fusion interbody implant shows promise for helping increase success rates of spinal fusion. PMID:23589373

  4. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... invasive microscopic lumbar discectomy.” Now this is a patient who a 46-year-old woman who had ... style, it is a very common procedure. Many patients throughout the country and the world have herniated ...

  5. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... Miamis Baptist Hospital. Youre going to be a seeing a procedure called a minimally invasive microscopic lumbar discectomy. Now this is a patient who a 46-year-old woman who ...

  6. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... Lumbar Discectomy January 28, 2009 Welcome to OR live. I’m Dr. Sean Kanniff. To today you’ ... much more rapid recovery returning to their routine lives much quicker than the way we used to ...

  7. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... inside the MRI. But MRI is really the gold standard for diagnosing these types of conditions. What ... test, and an MRI is by far the gold standard for evaluation of the lumbar spine. Okay. ...

  8. Risk factors for adjacent segment degeneration after surgical correction of degenerative lumbar scoliosis

    Kee-yong Ha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Degenerative lumbar scoliosis surgery can lead to development of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD after lumbar or thoracolumbar fusion. Its incidence, risk factors, morbidity and correlation between radiological and clinical symptoms of ASD have no consensus. We evaluated the correlation between the occurrence of radiologic adjacent segment disease and certain imperative parameters. Materials and Methods: 98 patients who had undergone surgical correction and lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis with a minimum 5 year followup were included in the study. We evaluated the correlation between the occurrence of radiologic adjacent segment disease and imperative patient parameters like age at operation, sex, body mass index (BMI, medical comorbidities and bone mineral density (BMD. The radiological parameters taken into consideration were Cobb?s angle, angle type, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, intercristal line, preoperative existence of an ASD on plain radiograph and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and surgical parameters were number of the fusion level, decompression level, floating OP (interlumbar fusion excluding L5-S1 level and posterolateral lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Visual Analogue Score (VAS and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI. Results: ASD was present in 44 (44.9% patients at an average period of 48.0 months (range 6-98 months. Factors related to occurrence of ASD were preoperative existence of disc degeneration (as revealed by MRI and age at operation ( P = 0.0001, 0.0364. There were no statistically significant differences between radiological adjacent segment degeneration and clinical results (VAS, P = 0.446; ODI, P = 0.531. Conclusions: Patients over the age of 65 years and with preoperative disc degeneration (as revealed by plain radiograph and MRI were at a higher risk of developing ASD.

  9. Endoscopic minimally invasive transforaminal interbody fusion without general anesthesia: initial clinical experience with 1-year follow-up.

    Wang, Michael Y; Grossman, Jay

    2016-02-01

    OBJECTIVE One of the principal goals of minimally invasive surgery has been to speed postoperative recovery. In this case series, the authors used an endoscopic technique for interbody fusion combined with percutaneous screw fixation to obviate the need for general anesthesia. METHODS The first 10 consecutive patients treated with a minimum of 1 year's follow-up were included in this series. The patients were all treated using endoscopic access through Kambin's triangle to allow for neural decompression, discectomy, endplate preparation, and interbody fusion. This was followed by percutaneous pedicle screw and connecting rod placement using liposomal bupivacaine for long-acting analgesia. No narcotics or regional anesthetics were used during surgery. RESULTS All patients underwent the procedure successfully without conversion to open surgery. The patients' average age was 62.2 ± 9.0 years (range 52-78 years). All patients had severe disc height collapse, and 60% had a Grade I spondylolisthesis. The mean operative time was 113.5 ± 6.3 minutes (range 105-120 minutes), and blood loss was 65 ± 38 ml (range 30-190 ml). The mean length of hospital stay was 1.4 ± 1.3 nights. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Comparison of preoperative and final clinical metrics demonstrated that the Oswestry Disability Index improved from 42 ± 11.8 to 13.3 ± 15.1; the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary improved from 47.6 ± 3.8 to 49.7 ± 5.4; the SF-36 Mental Component Summary decreased from 47 ± 3.9 to 46.7 ± 3.4; and the EQ-5D improved from 10.7 ± 9.5 to 14.2 ± 1.6. There were no cases of nonunion identified radiographically on follow-up imaging. CONCLUSIONS Endoscopic fusion under conscious sedation may represent a feasible alternative to traditional lumbar spine fusion in select patients. Larger clinical series are necessary to validate that clinical improvements are sustained and that arthrodesis rates are successful when compared with open surgery. This initial experience demonstrates the possible utility of this procedure. PMID:26828882

  10. Spontaneously disappearing lumbar disc protrusion

    Ushewokunze, Shungu; Abbas, Naeem; Dardis, Ronan; Killeen, Ian

    2008-01-01

    Spontaneous disappearance of a herniated lumbar disc is known to occur. This case study describes a 45-year-old patient whose symptoms of lumbar radiculopathy resolved and follow-up imaging showed complete disappearance of the disc prolapse. This phenomenon strengthens the role of conservative treatment in the management of lumbar disc protrusions.

  11. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... Miami’s Baptist Hospital. You’re going to be a seeing a procedure called a “minimally invasive microscopic lumbar discectomy.” Now this is a patient who a 46-year-old woman who ...

  12. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... Now let’s talk a little bit about other surgeries. I mean this minimally invasive approach doesn’t only work for just lumbar discs. As we mentioned before, it can even work in the thoracic region and the cervical region. Thoracic is pretty ...

  13. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Discectomy

    Full Text Available ... We perform micro-lumbar surgical procedures in the cervical spine routinely. These are procedures that are done for herniated discs, for bony spurs when they compress a nerve or the spinal cord, creating significant compression. And so also those patients we usually like ...

  14. Lumbar disc replacement: update.

    Heider, F C; Mayer, H M; Siepe, C J

    2015-06-01

    Over the last decades, fusion of lumbar spinal motion segments has represented the mainstay of treatment of lumbar degenerative conditions which failed to respond adequately to conservative therapy. Increasing demands and expectations from patients as well as the necessity to avoid fusion related negative side effects such as adjacent level disc degeneration, considerable complication and reoperation rates, cranial facet joint violations, pseudarthrosis and others led to the development of motion preserving technologies such as total lumbar disc replacement (TDR). The first and rudimentary attempts to preserve motion of lumbar motion segments can be dated back to the early 1950s. Over the past two to three decades, a variety of new implants with different motion characteristics have been developed and introduced into the market. Despite of the extensive knowledge which has been gained in this field of research, insurers in the United States have refused to reimburse surgeons due to fear of late complications and reoperations as well as unknown secondary costs, which led to a global decline in the numbers of TDR procedures. The current literature review intends to provide a concise summary of the adequate indications for TDR as well as outcome determining factors and delineate the role of TDR in the currently available armamentarium for the treatment of low back pain (LBP) resulting from degenerative disc disease (DDD) without instabilities or deformities. PMID:25649068

  15. [Enlargement in managment of lumbar spinal stenosis].

    Steib, J P; Averous, C; Brinckert, D; Lang, G

    1996-05-01

    Lumbar stenosis has been well discussed recently, especially at the 64th French Orthopaedic Society (SOFCOT: July 1989). The results of different surgical treatments were considered as good, but the indications for surgical treatment were not clear cut. Laminectomy is not the only treatment of spinal stenosis. Laminectomy is an approach with its own rate of complications (dural tear, fibrosis, instability... ).Eight years ago, J. Sénégas described what he called the "recalibrage" (enlargement). His feeling was that, in the spinal canal, we can find two different AP diameters. The first one is a fixed constitutional AP diameter (FCAPD) at the cephalic part of the lamina. The second one is a mobile constitutional AP diameter (MCAPD) marked by the disc and the ligamentum flavum. This diameter is maximal in flexion, minimal in extension. The nerve root proceeds through the lateral part of the canal: first above, between the disc and the superior articular process, then below, in the lateral recess bordered by the pedicle, the vertebral body and the posterior articulation. With the degenerative change the disc space becomes shorter, the superior articular process is worn out with osteophytes. These degenerative events are complicated by inter vertebral instability increasing the stenosis. The idea of the "recalibrage" is to remove only the upper part of the lamina with the ligamentum flavum and to cut the hypertrophied anterior part of the articular process from inside. If needed the disc and other osteophytes are removed. The surgery is finished with a ligamentoplasty reducing the flexion and preventing the extension by a posterior wedge.Our experience in spine surgery especially in scoliosis surgery, showed us that it was possible to cure a radicular compression without opening the canal. The compression is then lifted by the 3D reduction and restoration of an anatomy as normal as possible. Lumbar stenosis is the consequence of a degenerative process. Indeed, hip flexion, obesity or quite simply overuse, involve an increase in the lumbar lordosis. The posterior articulations are worn out and the disc gets damaged by shear forces. The disc space becomes shorter with a bulging disc, and the inferior articular process of the superior vertebra goes down. This is responsible of a loss of lordosis. For restoring the sagittal balance the patient needs more extension of the spine. Above and below the considered level the degenerative disease carries on extending to the whole spine. At the level considered, because of local extension, the inferior facet moves forward, the disc bulges, the ligamentum flavum is shortened and the stenosis is increased. This situation is improved by local kyphosis: the inferior facet moves backward, the disc and the ligamentum flavum are stretched with a quite normal posterior disc height and most often there is no more stenosis. Myelograms show this very well with a quite normal appearance lying, clear compression standing, worse in extension and improved, indeed disappeared in flexion. CT scan and MRI don't show that because they are done lying. The expression of the clinical situation is the same, mute lying and maximum standing with restriction of walking. For us lumbar stenosis is operated with lumbar reconstruction without opening the canal. The patient is in moderate kyphosis on the operating table. Pedicle screws rotated to match a bent rod allow reduction of the spine. The posterior disc height is respected and not distracted, and the anterior part of the disc is stretched in lordosis. The inferior facet is cut for the arthrodesis and no longer compresses the dura. The canal is well enlarged and the lumbar segment in lordosis is the best protection of the adjacent levels at follow-up. This behaviour responds to the same analysis as the ≪recalibrage≫ (enlargement). The mobile segment is damaged by the degenerative disease, the stenosis is a consequence of this damage. It's logical to treat the instability and to restore the normal static anatomy; thus bone resection is not necessary. At the present time all the lumbar stenoses with reduction in flexion are instrumented with spinal reduction and arthrodesis without opening the canal. The laminoarthrectomy and the enlargement are done when there is a fixed arthrosis which is rare in our practice and found in an older population. The follow-up shows a loss of reduction in some cases after reduction-instrumentation-arthrodesis and poses the question of an interbody fusion. We don't open the canal only for fusion (PLIF) if this is not necessary for the treatment of the stenosis. We think that, in such a situation, the future is ALIF with endoscopical approach. The problem is to determine which disc demanding this anterior fusion, is able to regenerate or not. PMID:24193678

  16. Evaluation of unilateral cage-instrumented fixation for lumbar spine

    Chen Hung-Yi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To investigate how unilateral cage-instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF affects the three-dimensional flexibility in degenerative disc disease by comparing the biomechanical characteristics of unilateral and bilateral cage-instrumented PLIF. Methods Twelve motion segments in sheep lumbar spine specimens were tested for flexion, extension, axial rotation, and lateral bending by nondestructive flexibility test method using a nonconstrained testing apparatus. The specimens were divided into two equal groups. Group 1 received unilateral procedures while group 2 received bilateral procedures. Laminectomy, facectomy, discectomy, cage insertion and transpedicle screw insertion were performed sequentially after testing the intact status. Changes in range of motion (ROM and neutral zone (NZ were compared between unilateral and bilateral cage-instrumented PLIF. Results Both ROM and NZ, unilateral cage-instrumented PLIF and bilateral cage-instrumented PLIF, transpedicle screw insertion procedure did not revealed a significant difference between flexion-extension, lateral bending and axial rotation direction except the ROM in the axial rotation. The bilateral group's ROM (-1.7 ± 0. 8 of axial rotation was decreased significantly after transpedicle screw insertion procedure in comparison with the unilateral group (-0.2 ± 0.1. In the unilateral cage-instrumented PLIF group, the transpedicle screw insertion procedure did not demonstrate a significant difference between right and left side in the lateral bending and axial rotation direction. Conclusions Based on the results of this study, unilateral cage-instrumented PLIF and bilateral cage-instrumented PLIF have similar stability after transpedicle screw fixation in the sheep spine model. The unilateral approach can substantially reduce exposure requirements. It also offers the biomechanics advantage of construction using anterior column support combined with pedicle screws just as the bilateral cage-instrumented group. The unpleasant effect of couple motion resulting from inherent asymmetry was absent in the unilateral group.

  17. Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spinal fusion: the role of 18F-fluoride PET/CT

    Painful pseudarthrosis is one of the most important indications for (revision) surgery after spinal fusion procedures. If pseudarthrosis is the source of recurrent pain it may require revision surgery. It is therefore of great clinical importance to ascertain if it is the source of such pain. The correlation between findings on conventional imaging (plain radiography and CT) and clinical well-being has been shown to be moderate. The goal of this study was to determine the possible role of 18F-fluoride PET in patients after lumbar spinal interbody fusion by investigating the relationship between PET/CT findings and clinical function and pain. A cohort of 36 patients was retrospectively included in the study after 18F-fluoride PET/CT for either persistent or recurrent low back pain (18 patients) or during routine postoperative investigation (18 patients) between 9 and 76 months and 11 and 14 months after posterior lumbar interbody fusion, respectively. Sixty minutes after intravenous injection of 156 - 263 MBq (mean 199 MBq, median 196 MBq) 18F-fluoride, PET and CT images were acquired using an integrated PET/CT scanner, followed by a diagnostic CT scan. Two observers independently scored the images. The number of bony bridges between vertebrae was scored on the CT images to quantify interbody fusion (0, 1 or 2). Vertebral endplate and intervertebral disc space uptake were evaluated visually as well as semiquantitatively following 18F-fluoride PET. Findings on PET and CT were correlated with clinical wellbeing as measured by validated questionnaires concerning general daily functioning (Oswestry Disability Index), pain (visual analogue scale) and general health status (EuroQol). Patients were divided into three categories based on these questionnaire scores. No correlation was found between symptom severity and fusion status. However, 18F-fluoride activity in the vertebral endplates was significantly higher in patients in the lowest Oswestry Disability Index category (i.e. with the worst clinical performance) than in patients in higher categories (p = 0.01 between categories 1 and 2 and 1 and 3). The visual analogue scale and EuroQol results were similar although less pronounced, with only SUVmax between category 1 and 2 being significantly different (p = 0.04). We hypothesize that 18F-fluoride PET/CT may be able to provide support for the diagnosis of painful pseudarthrosis and could serve as a tool to discriminate between symptomatic and asymptomatic pseudarthrosis for revision surgery, as CT defines the consolidation status and PET pinpoints the 'stress reaction' at the vertebral endplates which significantly correlates with Oswestry Disability Index score. (orig.)

  18. Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spinal fusion: the role of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT

    Peters, Marloes; Willems, Paul; Jutten, Liesbeth; Arts, Chris; Rhijn, Lodewijk van [Maastricht University Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Postbox 5800, Maastricht (Netherlands); Weijers, Rene; Wierts, Roel; Urbach, Christian; Brans, Boudewijn [Maastricht University Medical Center, Radiology /Nuclear Medicine, Maastricht (Netherlands)

    2015-11-15

    Painful pseudarthrosis is one of the most important indications for (revision) surgery after spinal fusion procedures. If pseudarthrosis is the source of recurrent pain it may require revision surgery. It is therefore of great clinical importance to ascertain if it is the source of such pain. The correlation between findings on conventional imaging (plain radiography and CT) and clinical well-being has been shown to be moderate. The goal of this study was to determine the possible role of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET in patients after lumbar spinal interbody fusion by investigating the relationship between PET/CT findings and clinical function and pain. A cohort of 36 patients was retrospectively included in the study after {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT for either persistent or recurrent low back pain (18 patients) or during routine postoperative investigation (18 patients) between 9 and 76 months and 11 and 14 months after posterior lumbar interbody fusion, respectively. Sixty minutes after intravenous injection of 156 - 263 MBq (mean 199 MBq, median 196 MBq) {sup 18}F-fluoride, PET and CT images were acquired using an integrated PET/CT scanner, followed by a diagnostic CT scan. Two observers independently scored the images. The number of bony bridges between vertebrae was scored on the CT images to quantify interbody fusion (0, 1 or 2). Vertebral endplate and intervertebral disc space uptake were evaluated visually as well as semiquantitatively following {sup 18}F-fluoride PET. Findings on PET and CT were correlated with clinical wellbeing as measured by validated questionnaires concerning general daily functioning (Oswestry Disability Index), pain (visual analogue scale) and general health status (EuroQol). Patients were divided into three categories based on these questionnaire scores. No correlation was found between symptom severity and fusion status. However, {sup 18}F-fluoride activity in the vertebral endplates was significantly higher in patients in the lowest Oswestry Disability Index category (i.e. with the worst clinical performance) than in patients in higher categories (p = 0.01 between categories 1 and 2 and 1 and 3). The visual analogue scale and EuroQol results were similar although less pronounced, with only SUV{sub max} between category 1 and 2 being significantly different (p = 0.04). We hypothesize that {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT may be able to provide support for the diagnosis of painful pseudarthrosis and could serve as a tool to discriminate between symptomatic and asymptomatic pseudarthrosis for revision surgery, as CT defines the consolidation status and PET pinpoints the 'stress reaction' at the vertebral endplates which significantly correlates with Oswestry Disability Index score. (orig.)

  19. Spinal shortening and monosegmental posterior spondylodesis in the management of dorsal and lumbar unstable injuries

    Tarek A Aly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patients with spinal injuries have been treated in the past by laminectomy in an attempt to decompress the spinal cord. The results have shown insignificant improvement or even a worsening of neurologic function and decreased stability without effectively removing the anterior bone and disc fragments compressing the spinal cord. The primary indication for anterior decompression and grafting is narrowing of the spinal canal with neurologic deficits that cannot be resolved by any other approach. One must think of subsequent surgical intervention for increased stability and compressive posterior fusion with short-armed internal fixators. Aim: To analyze the results and efficacy of spinal shortening combined with interbody fusion technique for the management of dorsal and lumbar unstable injuries. Materials and Methods: Twenty-three patients with traumatic fractures and or fracture-dislocation of dorsolumbar spine with neurologic deficit are presented. All had radiologic evidence of spinal cord or cauda equina compression, with either paraplegia or paraparesis. Patients underwent recapping laminoplasty in the thoracic or lumbar spine for decompression of spinal cord. The T-saw was used for division of the posterior elements. After decompression of the cord and removal of the extruded bone fragments and disc material, the excised laminae were replaced exactly in situ to their original anatomic position. Then application of a compression force via monosegmental transpedicular fixation was done, allowing vertebral end-plate compression and interbody fusion. Results: Lateral Cobb angle (T10-L2 was reduced from 26 to 4 degrees after surgery. The shortened vertebral body united and no or minimal loss of correction was seen. The preoperative vertebral kyphosis averaged +17 degrees and was corrected to +7 degrees at follow-up with the sagittal index improving from 0.59 to 0.86. The segmental local kyphosis was reduced from +15 degrees to −3 degrees. Radiography demonstrated anatomically correct reconstruction in all patients, as well as solid fusion. Conclusion: This technique permits circumferential decompression of the spinal cord through a posterior approach and posterior interbody fusion.

  20. Hemorrhagic Lumbar Synovial Cyst

    Park, Hyun Seok; Sim, Hong Bo; Kwon, Soon Chan; Park, Jun Bum

    2012-01-01

    Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine are an uncommon cause of back and radicular pain. These cysts most frequently present as back pain, followed by chronic progressive radiculopathy or gradual onset of symptoms secondary to spinal canal compromise. Although less common, they can also present with acute spinal cord or root compression symptoms. We report of a case in which hemorrhaging into a right L2-3 facet synovial cyst caused an acute onset of back pain and radiculopathy, requiring surgical...

  1. Comparison of degree of postoperative muscle damage between MIS-TLIF- and PLIF treatment for single-level degenerative lumbar disease

    Liang ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To compare the postoperative muscle damage after either posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF or minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF with the aid of X-Tube system in patients with singlelevel degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Methods The clinical data of 52 patients (males 28, females 24, aged 54.3±7.8 years with single-level degenerative lumbar spinal disease undergoing MIS-TLIF assisted by the X-Tube system from Oct 2010 to Sep 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative bedtime, and serum creatine kinase (CK level 1 day before surgery and 1, 3 and 5 days after surgery were recorded and compared with those of 38 patients (males 20, females 18, aged 51.6±8.6 years with the same disease undergoing conventional open PLIF during the corresponding period. The back pain visual analogue score (VAS, Oswestry disability index (ODI score and imaging examination were performed before operation, after operation and during follow-up duration for each patient. Results There was no significant difference in the gender, age, clinical diagnosis, lesion location, preoperative CK level, VAS and ODI scores between the two groups (P>0.05. The operative time was longer in MIS-TLIF group than in PLIF group (P0.05. Radiological followup observation revealed good fusion 6 months after operation in all the patients. Conclusion The X-Tube-assisted MIS-TLIF has several advantages over conventional open PLIF, such as less intraoperative blood loss, milder muscle damage, and lighter back pain. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2013.12.04

  2. Evaluation of spinal interbody fusion using magnetic resonance imaging

    Nakadai, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Takahiko; Sato, Sakae [Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka, Niigata (Japan); Takahashi, Hideaki E.

    1999-03-01

    Twenty patients underwent spinal interbody fusion via an anterior approach in this study. Beginning immediately after surgery, serial T1-weighted and T2-weighted MR images, as well as post-contrast MRI, were performed. Signal intensity changes were examined in the bone graft, the border between the graft and the adjacent vertebrae, and in the adjacent vertebrae, and were classified into 5 patterns (P1-P5) on each image. Unclassifiable patterns were also defined. On T1-weighted images, the graft exhibited high intensity immediately after surgery. The intensity subsequently decreased with time. On T2-weighted images, the graft was isointense for a period of time after surgery, and then exhibited high intensity. The grafts eventually became isointense on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images by the time of bony union as determined from plain radiographs. On postcontrast images, an enhancement effect was noted from the upper and lower edges of the graft. This effect gradually increased until the entire graft became enhanced. In the adjacent vertebrae, transient changes were found in the early postoperative period. Postcontrast images revealed contrast enhancement. In cases with a favorable course, there was a tendency to gradually change from P1 to P5 with time. Unfavorable courses were characterized by a mosaic appearance of the graft on the T1-weighted image, widening of the border in the direction of the graft, and continuous changes in the adjacent vertebrae on each image (pattern PU). (K.H.)

  3. LUMBAR CORSETS CAN DECREASE LUMBAR MOTION IN GOLF SWING

    Koji Hashimoto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Swinging a golf club includes the rotation and extension of the lumbar spine. Golf-related low back pain has been associated with degeneration of the lumbar facet and intervertebral discs, and with spondylolysis. Reflective markers were placed directly onto the skin of 11young male amateur golfers without a previous history of back pain. Using a VICON system (Oxford Metrics, U.K., full golf swings were monitored without a corset (WOC, with a soft corset (SC, and with a hard corset (HC, with each subject taking 3 swings. Changes in the angle between the pelvis and the thorax (maximum range of motion and angular velocity in 3 dimensions (lumbar rotation, flexion-extension, and lateral tilt were analyzed, as was rotation of the hip joint. Peak changes in lumbar extension and rotation occurred just after impact with the ball. The extension angle of the lumbar spine at finish was significantly lower under SC (38 or HC (28 than under WOC (44 conditions (p < 0.05. The maximum angular velocity after impact was significantly smaller under HC (94/sec than under SC (177/sec and WOC (191 /sec conditions, as were the lumbar rotation angles at top and finish. In contrast, right hip rotation angles at top showed a compensatory increase under HC conditions. Wearing a lumbar corset while swinging a golf club can effectively decrease lumbar extension and rotation angles from impact until the end of the swing. These effects were significantly enhanced while wearing an HC

  4. Analytical comparison study of the clinical and radiological outcome of spine fixation using posterolateral, posterior lumber interbody and transforaminal lumber interbody spinal fixation techniques to treat lumber spine degenerative disc disease

    Al Barbarawi, Moh’d M; Audat, Ziad M; Mohammed Z. Allouh

    2015-01-01

    Background Degenerative disc disease is a common cause of chronic and disabling back pain that requires surgical intervention, posterolateral and posterior instrumental fixation (PLF), posterior lumber interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) are the techniques used to deal with such a problem. Objective To compare the clinical and radiological outcome of the variable surgical techniques used to deal with Lumber degenerative disc disease and to recommend the t...

  5. Lumbar percutaneous discectomy

    Since November 88, 28 patients with lumbar L5 radiculopathy refractory to conservative care and with a radiologically verified central or mediolateral disc herniation at the level of L4/L5 had had a percutaneous discectomy. A short-term follow-up analysis of at least 2 months taking the clinical and functional status as well as the professional reintegration into account revealed a 64.3% (18/28 patients) satisfactory outcome and a 32.1% (10/28 patients) failure rate. Of the latter 28.6% (8/28 patients) required further open surgery. (orig./GDG)

  6. Lumbar spinal stenosis

    Lumbar spinal stenosis is a condition of polyetiologic origin. It is defined as narrowing of the spinal canal, the nerve root canals or the intervertebral canals. For clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic reasons it may be divided into two main types: central and lateral stenosis with obstruction of the lateral recesses. Plain radiographs may be suggestive in central or generalized narrowing only. Diagnosis is confirmed by additional investigations, i.e. myelography and CT. Lumbar myelography allows definitive diagnosis of central spinal stenosis. However, validity regarding visualization of the lateral recesses is limited and a decision on the nature of the obstruction, bony or soft tissue, cannot be made. In contrast, CT does support information on the bony outline of the lateral recess as related to the facet and soft tissue structures in particular. Treatment of choice should be conservative-supportive if clinical symptoms permit. Surgery is indicated when there is intolerable pain, progressive muscle weakness or sphincter dysfunction. Surgery seeks to attain complete decompression of neural elements, if instability is present or imminent spinal fusion has to be considered. Shape, size and configuration of the spinal canal have to be determined prior to any surgical approach. CT fulfills these requirements most admirably. (orig.)

  7. Osteomielitis vertebral lumbar

    Hiralio Collazo lvarez

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Se mostr la teraputica mdica y quirrgica ante un caso con osteomielitis vertebral secundaria a discectoma, mediante el estudio observacional descriptivo en un paciente de 50 aos de edad, afecto de hernia discal del 5to. espacio lumbar, a quien se le haba practicado discectoma abierta; que ingres a los 15 das con un cuadro doloroso lumbar e hipertermia de 39 C.Se hizo una revisin actualizada del tema de osteomielitis vertebral y se expuso la teraputica quirrgica y antimicrobiana realizada al paciente. Luego de desbridamientos quirrgicos seriados demandantes y secuenciales, as como de irrigacin continua, se observ la resolucin del cuadro infeccioso y del cuadro radicular que presentaba el paciente. En consulta externa se reflej la negatividad de las investigaciones analticas de infeccin a los 4 meses de evolucin. Se concluy que es importante ante los signos clnicos de infeccin (dolor, fiebre, realizar una tomografa axial computarizada en un paciente con discectoma abierta, para ver la repercusin sea y operar lo antes posible. La modalidad de desbridamiento secuencial y demandante con una irrigacin continua de solucin salina fisiolgica 0,9 % con antibitico sensible al microorganismo, da resultados satisfactorios.

  8. Lumbar spinal stenosis

    Galanski, M.; Weidner, A.; Vogelsang, H.

    1982-12-01

    Lumbar spinal stenosis is a condition of polyetiologic origin. It is defined as narrowing of the spinal canal, the nerve root canals or the intervertebral canals. For clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic reasons it may be divided into two main types: central and lateral stenosis with obstruction of the lateral recesses. Plain radiographs may be suggestive in central or generalized narrowing only. Diagnosis is confirmed by additional investigations, i.e. myelography and CT. Lumbar myelography allows definitive diagnosis of central spinal stenosis. However, validity regarding visualization of the lateral recesses is limited and a decision on the nature of the obstruction, bony or soft tissue, cannot be made. In contrast, CT does support information on the bony outline of the lateral recess as related to the facet and soft tissue structures in particular. Treatment of choice should be conservative-supportive if clinical symptoms permit. Surgery is indicated when there is intolerable pain, progressive muscle weakness or sphincter dysfunction. Surgery seeks to attain complete decompression of neural elements, if instability is present or imminent spinal fusion has to be considered. Shape, size and configuration of the spinal canal have to be determined prior to any surgical approach. CT fulfills these requirements most admirably.

  9. Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap) (For Parents)

    ... for Your Child All About Food Allergies Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap) KidsHealth > For Parents > Lumbar Puncture (Spinal Tap) Print A A A Text Size ... español Punción lumbar What It Is A lumbar puncture (LP), often called a spinal tap, is a ...

  10. Biomechanical evaluation of immediate stability with rectangular versus cylindrical interbody cages in stabilization of the lumbar spine

    Webb John K

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent cadaver studies show stability against axial rotation with a cylindrical cage is marginally superior to a rectangular cage. The purpose of this biomechanical study in cadaver spine was to evaluate the stability of a new rectangular titanium cage design, which has teeth similar to the threads of cylindrical cages to engage the endplates. Methods Ten motion segments (five L2-3, five L4-5 were tested. From each cadaver spine, one motion segment was fixed with a pair of cylindrical cages (BAK, Sulzer Medica and the other with paired rectangular cages (Rotafix, Corin Spinal. Each specimen was tested in an unconstrained state, after cage introduction and after additional posterior translaminar screw fixation. The range of motion (ROM in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and rotation was tested in a materials testing machine, with +/- 5 Nm cyclical load over 10 sec per cycle; data from the third cycle was captured for analysis. Results ROM in all directions was significantly reduced (p Conclusions There was no significant difference in immediate stability in any direction between the threaded cylindrical cage and the new design of the rectangular cage with endplate teeth.

  11. TranS1 VEO system: a novel psoas-sparing device for transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion [Corrigendum

    Hardenbrook MA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Hardenbrook MA, Miller LE, Block JE. Medical Devices: Evidence and Research. 2013;6:9195. On page 94, the disclosure was listed as "LEM and JEB received financial support from TranS1 Inc for assistance with manuscript development. MAH reports no conflict of interest in this work." in error. The disclosure should have been "LEM and JEB received financial support from TranS1 Inc for assistance with manuscript development. MAH receives a royalty for the VEO system, in addition to other payments for consulting/training work performed."Read original article

  12. Comparative study of iliac bone graft and carbon cage with local bone graft in posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Arai Y

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available We performed a comparative study of iliac bone graft (the iliac bone group and carbon cage with local bone graft (the cage group in PLIF to evaluate the clinical results of both methods. We examined both groups about the operating time, the estimated blood loss, the operative results using the score rating system of Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA score, and the presence of bone union on radiography. The operating time and the estimated blood loss of the cage group were statistically less than those of the iliac bone group. There were no significant differences between both groups about the operative results. The radiographic evaluation on bone union showed that half of the iliac bone group had collapsed union, but all cases of the cage group revealed union without collapse.

  13. Side effects after diagnostic lumbar puncture and lumbar iohexol myelography

    A prospective, controlled study was performed to compare side effect incidences after lumbar iohexol myelography (n=97) and diagnostic lumbar puncture (n=85). No significant side effect incidence differences (iohexol vs. controls) were found regarding number of patients with any side effect (63 vs. 73%), headache (44 vs. 54%), nausea, dizziness, visual, auditory, or psychic symptoms. Early-onset headache occurred significantly more often in the iohexol group (16 vs 5%), while postural headache occurred most frequently after lumbar puncture (25 vs. 41%). These results suggest that apart from the slight early-onset headache, most side effets after lumbar iohexol myelography are related to the puncture per se, not to the contrast agent. (orig.)

  14. Side effects after diagnostic lumbar puncture and lumbar iohexol myelography

    Sand, T.; Stovner, L.J.; Salvesen, R.; Dale, L.

    1987-07-01

    A prospective, controlled study was performed to compare side effect incidences after lumbar iohexol myelography (n=97) and diagnostic lumbar puncture (n=85). No significant side effect incidence differences (iohexol vs. controls) were found regarding number of patients with any side effect (63 vs. 73%), headache (44 vs. 54%), nausea, dizziness, visual, auditory, or psychic symptoms. Early-onset headache occurred significantly more often in the iohexol group (16 vs 5%), while postural headache occurred most frequently after lumbar puncture (25 vs. 41%). These results suggest that apart from the slight early-onset headache, most side effets after lumbar iohexol myelography are related to the puncture per se, not to the contrast agent.

  15. Herniated lumbar intervertebral disk

    From a series of 25 patients with low-back pain and sciatica who subsequently underwent surgical exploration, 24 lumbar herniated disks and one asymmetrically bulging disk were correctly diagnosed with use of a 0.5-T MR imaging unit. The radiologic findings on saggital images included a polypoid protrusion beyond the posterior margin of the vertebral bodies more clearly displayed with T1-weighted than with T-2 weighted sequences and a focal extension into the extradural space on axial views. In most, the signal intensity of HNP was isointense to the disk of origin. The study suggests that MR imaging is currently capable of accurately predicting an HNP. The diagnosis is based primarily on morphologic characteristics rather than signal intensity alterations

  16. Lumbar epidural venography

    Myelography is widely used for radiological diagnosis of herniated lumbar disc. But the diagnostic accuracy is only about 84% with range of 67 to 100% with many cases of false negative and equivocal cases. In cases of extreme lateral disc herniation and short cul de sac or wide epidural space, even quite a large disc herniation cannot be detected on myelography. But with epidural venography these defects of myelography can easily be overcome. 52 cases of epidural venography were performed in department of Radiology of Capital Armed Forces General Hospital during the 20 months from May 1979 to December 1980. And the findings were compared with those of myelography and operative results. The results are as follows; 1. Of 52 cases, satisfactory opacification was obtained in 48 cases (92.3%). 2. Single vein injection was adequate for satisfactory opacification in 40 cases (76.9%). 3. There were 2 cases of retroperitoneal extravasation of contrast media, but the patient recovered without difficulty. 4. Of 24 cases operated, the venographic finding was confirmed in 21 cases (87.5%) and of the 48 cases adequately opacified, there were only 3 cases of confirmed diagnostic error and so the error rate is only 6.25%. 5. Abnormal findings of myelography were exactly reproduced on epidural venography and many cases with equivocal or normal myelographic findings were accurately diagnosed with epidural venography. 6. In cases of total block, epidural venography was very useful for evaluation of the caudal portion. So lumbar epidural venography is very useful not only as an adjunctive method to myelography, but also as the first diagnostic procedure for herniated disc, for the procedure is simple and the diagnostic accuracy is very high

  17. Lumbar peritoneal shunt

    Yadav Yad

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A lumbar peritoneal (LP shunt is a technique of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF diversion from the lumbar thecal sac to the peritoneal cavity. It is indicated under a large number of conditions such as communicating hydrocephalus, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, normal pressure hydrocephalus, spinal and cranial CSF leaks, pseudomeningoceles, slit ventricle syndrome, growing skull fractures which are difficult to treat by conventional methods (when dural defect extends deep in the cranial base or across venous sinuses and in recurrent cases after conventional surgery, raised intracranial pressure following chronic meningitis, persistent bulging of craniotomy site after operations for intracranial tumors or head trauma, syringomyelia and failed endoscopic third ventriculostomy with a patent stoma. In spite of the large number of indications of this shunt and being reasonably good, safe, and effective, very few reports about the LP shunt exist in the literature. This procedure did not get its due importance due to some initial negative reports. This review article is based on search on Google and PubMed. This article is aimed to review indications, complications, results, and comparison of the LP shunt with the commonly practiced ventriculoperitoneal (VP shunt. Shunt blocks, infections, CSF leaks, overdrainage and acquired Chiari malformation (ACM are some of the complications of the LP shunt. Early diagnosis of overdrainage complications and ACM as well as timely appropriate treatment especially by programmable shunts could decrease morbidity. Majority of recent reports suggest that a LP shunt is a better alternative to the VP shunt in communicating hydrocephalus. It has an advantage over the VP shunt of being completely extracranial and can be used under conditions other than hydrocephalus when the ventricles are normal sized or chinked. More publications are required to establish its usefulness in the treatment of wide variety of indications.

  18. Lumbar spondylolysis: a review

    Spondylolysis is an osseous defect of the pars interarticularis, thought to be a developmental or acquired stress fracture secondary to chronic low-grade trauma. It is encountered most frequently in adolescents, most commonly involving the lower lumbar spine, with particularly high prevalence among athletes involved in certain sports or activities. Spondylolysis can be asymptomatic or can be a cause of spine instability, back pain, and radiculopathy. The biomechanics and pathophysiology of spondylolysis are complex and debated. Imaging is utilized to detect spondylolysis, distinguish acute and active lesions from chronic inactive non-union, help establish prognosis, guide treatment, and to assess bony healing. Radiography with satisfactory technical quality can often demonstrate a pars defect. Multislice CT with multiplanar reformats is the most accurate modality for detecting the bony defect and may also be used for assessment of osseous healing; however, as with radiographs, it is not sensitive for detection of the early edematous stress response without a fracture line and exposes the patient to ionizing radiation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging should be used as the primary investigation for adolescents with back pain and suspected stress reactions of the lumbar pars interarticularis. Several imaging pitfalls render MR imaging less sensitive than CT for directly visualizing the pars defects (regional degenerative changes and sclerosis). Nevertheless, the presence of bone marrow edema on fluid-sensitive images is an important early finding that may suggest stress response without a visible fracture line. Moreover, MR is the imaging modality of choice for identifying associated nerve root compression. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) use is limited by a high rate of false-positive and false-negative results and by considerable ionizing radiation exposure. In this article, we provide a review of the current concepts regarding spondylolysis, its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and general treatment guidelines, as well as a detailed review and discussion of the imaging principles for the diagnosis and follow-up of this condition. (orig.)

  19. Lumbar spondylolysis: a review

    Leone, Antonio; Magarelli, Nicola; Bonomo, Lorenzo [Dept. of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Catholic Univ., Rome (Italy); Cianfoni, Alessandro [Dept. of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Medical Univ. of South Carolina, Charleston (United States); Cerase, Alfonso [General Hospital, Unit Neuroimaging and Neurointervention (NINT), Department of Neurosciences, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Siena (Italy)

    2011-06-15

    Spondylolysis is an osseous defect of the pars interarticularis, thought to be a developmental or acquired stress fracture secondary to chronic low-grade trauma. It is encountered most frequently in adolescents, most commonly involving the lower lumbar spine, with particularly high prevalence among athletes involved in certain sports or activities. Spondylolysis can be asymptomatic or can be a cause of spine instability, back pain, and radiculopathy. The biomechanics and pathophysiology of spondylolysis are complex and debated. Imaging is utilized to detect spondylolysis, distinguish acute and active lesions from chronic inactive non-union, help establish prognosis, guide treatment, and to assess bony healing. Radiography with satisfactory technical quality can often demonstrate a pars defect. Multislice CT with multiplanar reformats is the most accurate modality for detecting the bony defect and may also be used for assessment of osseous healing; however, as with radiographs, it is not sensitive for detection of the early edematous stress response without a fracture line and exposes the patient to ionizing radiation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging should be used as the primary investigation for adolescents with back pain and suspected stress reactions of the lumbar pars interarticularis. Several imaging pitfalls render MR imaging less sensitive than CT for directly visualizing the pars defects (regional degenerative changes and sclerosis). Nevertheless, the presence of bone marrow edema on fluid-sensitive images is an important early finding that may suggest stress response without a visible fracture line. Moreover, MR is the imaging modality of choice for identifying associated nerve root compression. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) use is limited by a high rate of false-positive and false-negative results and by considerable ionizing radiation exposure. In this article, we provide a review of the current concepts regarding spondylolysis, its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and general treatment guidelines, as well as a detailed review and discussion of the imaging principles for the diagnosis and follow-up of this condition. (orig.)

  20. The Shamrock lumbar plexus block

    Sauter, Axel R; Ullensvang, Kyrre; Niemi, Geir; Lorentzen, Håvard T; Bendtsen, Thomas Fichtner; Børglum, Jens; Pripp, Are Hugo; Romundstad, Luis

    2015-01-01

    prospective dose-finding study using Dixon's up-and-down sequential method. SETTING: University Hospital Orthopaedic Anaesthesia Unit. INTERVENTION: Shamrock lumbar plexus block performance and block assessment were scheduled preoperatively. Ropivacaine 0.5% was titrated with the Dixon and Massey up......BACKGROUND: The Shamrock technique is a new method for ultrasound-guided lumbar plexus blockade. Data on the optimal local anaesthetic dose are not available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the effective dose of ropivacaine 0.5% for a Shamrock lumbar plexus block. DESIGN: A......-and-down method using a stepwise change of 5 ml in each consecutive patient. Combined blocks of the femoral, the lateral femoral cutaneous and the obturator nerve were prerequisite for a successful lumbar plexus block. PATIENTS: Thirty patients scheduled for lower limb orthopaedic surgery completed the study...

  1. Reproduction of the lumbar lordosis

    Andreasen, Marianne Løgtholt; Langhoff, Lotte; Jensen, Tue Secher; Albert, Hanne B

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether it is possible to reproduce the lumbar lordosis in the upright position during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by positioning the patient supine with straightened lower extremities and investigates intra- and interexaminer reliability of measurements of...

  2. Minimally-invasive posterior lumbar stabilization for degenerative low back pain and sciatica. A review

    The most diffused surgical techniques for stabilization of the painful degenerated and instable lumbar spine, represented by transpedicular screws and rods instrumentation with or without interbody cages or disk replacements, require widely open and/or difficult and poorly anatomical accesses. However, such surgical techniques and approaches, although still considered “standard of care”, are burdened by high costs, long recovery times and several potential complications. Hence the effort to open new minimally-invasive surgical approaches to eliminate painful abnormal motion. The surgical and radiological communities are exploring, since more than a decade, alternative, minimally-invasive or even percutaneous techniques to fuse and lock an instable lumbar segment. Another promising line of research is represented by the so-called dynamic stabilization (non-fusion or motion preservation back surgery), which aims to provide stabilization to the lumbar spinal units (SUs), while maintaining their mobility and function. Risk of potential complications of traditional fusion methods (infection, CSF leaks, harvest site pain, instrumentation failure) are reduced, particularly transitional disease (i.e., the biomechanical stresses imposed on the adjacent segments, resulting in delayed degenerative changes in adjacent facet joints and discs). Dynamic stabilization modifies the distribution of loads within the SU, moving them away from sensitive (painful) areas of the SU. Basic biomechanics of the SU will be discussed, to clarify the mode of action of the different posterior stabilization devices. Most devices are minimally invasive or percutaneous, thus accessible to radiologists’ interventional practice. Devices will be described, together with indications for patient selection, surgical approaches and possible complications

  3. Minimally-invasive posterior lumbar stabilization for degenerative low back pain and sciatica. A review

    Bonaldi, G., E-mail: bbonaldi@yahoo.com [Neuroradiology Department, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo (Italy); Brembilla, C. [Department of neurosurgery, Ospedale Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo (Italy); Cianfoni, A. [Neuroradiology of Neurocenter of Italian Switzerland, Lugano, CH (Switzerland)

    2015-05-15

    The most diffused surgical techniques for stabilization of the painful degenerated and instable lumbar spine, represented by transpedicular screws and rods instrumentation with or without interbody cages or disk replacements, require widely open and/or difficult and poorly anatomical accesses. However, such surgical techniques and approaches, although still considered “standard of care”, are burdened by high costs, long recovery times and several potential complications. Hence the effort to open new minimally-invasive surgical approaches to eliminate painful abnormal motion. The surgical and radiological communities are exploring, since more than a decade, alternative, minimally-invasive or even percutaneous techniques to fuse and lock an instable lumbar segment. Another promising line of research is represented by the so-called dynamic stabilization (non-fusion or motion preservation back surgery), which aims to provide stabilization to the lumbar spinal units (SUs), while maintaining their mobility and function. Risk of potential complications of traditional fusion methods (infection, CSF leaks, harvest site pain, instrumentation failure) are reduced, particularly transitional disease (i.e., the biomechanical stresses imposed on the adjacent segments, resulting in delayed degenerative changes in adjacent facet joints and discs). Dynamic stabilization modifies the distribution of loads within the SU, moving them away from sensitive (painful) areas of the SU. Basic biomechanics of the SU will be discussed, to clarify the mode of action of the different posterior stabilization devices. Most devices are minimally invasive or percutaneous, thus accessible to radiologists’ interventional practice. Devices will be described, together with indications for patient selection, surgical approaches and possible complications.

  4. Radicular interdural lumbar disc herniation

    Akhaddar, Ali; Boulahroud, Omar; Elasri, Abad; Elmostarchid, Brahim; Boucetta, Mohammed

    2009-01-01

    Intraradicular lumbar disc herniation is a rare complication of disc disease that is generally diagnosed only during surgery. The mechanism for herniated disc penetration into the intradural space is not known with certainty, but adhesion between the radicular dura and the posterior longitudinal ligament was suggested as the most important condition. The authors report the first case of an intraradicular lumbar disc herniation without subdural penetration; the disc hernia was lodged between t...

  5. Biomechanical study of percutaneous lumbar diskectomy

    Objective: To investigate the stiffness of lumbar spine after the injury caused by percutaneous diskectomy and evaluate the efficiency of percutaneous lumbar diskectomy by biomechanical study. Methods: Four fresh lumbar specimens were used to analyse load-displacement curves in the intact lumbar spine and vertical disc-injured lumbar spine. The concepts of average flexibility coefficient (f) and standardized average flexibility coefficient (fs) were also introduced. Results: The load-displacement curves showed a good stabilization effect of the intact lumbar spine and disc-injured lumbar spine in flexion, extension, right and left bending. The decrease of anti-rotation also can be detected (P<0.05). Conclusion: In biomechanical study, percutaneous lumbar diskectomy is one of the efficiency methods to treat lumbar diac hernia

  6. Rate of graft bone filling by transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) with mesh cages

    Compared to posterior lumber interbody fusion (PLIF), the transforaminal lumber interbody fusion (TLIF) procedure has a latent disadvantage in terms of bone grafting because of being a unilateral approach. We calculated the rate of graft bone filling in TLIF cases by postoperative CT and evaluated the clinical results. The rate of filling in the TLIF cases was not significantly less than in the PLIF cases. The results also showed no significant difference between TLIF and PLIF. An adequate amount of bone were grafted into the intervertebral space even by the unilateral TLIF approach, however the procedure is not easy. An incidental dural tear occurred in 1 case each treated by TLIF and PLIF. The exposure of the dural tube increases the risk of epidural bleeding and neural tissue injury. We recommend TLIF for discopathy, foraminal stenosis, and repeat surgery to avoid latent risk. (author)

  7. NEUROMUSCULAR CONTROL IN LUMBAR DISORDERS

    Ville Leinonen

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Impaired motor and sensory functions have been associated with low back pain (LBP. This includes disturbances in a wide range of sensorimotor control e.g. sensory dysfunctions, impaired postural responses and psychomotor control. However, the physiological mechanisms, clinical relevance and characteristics of these findings in different spinal pathologies require further clarification. The purposes of this study were to investigate postural control, lumbar muscle function, movement perception and associations between these findings in healthy volunteers (n=35, patients with lumbar disc herniation (n=20 and lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS, n=26. Paraspinal muscle responses for sudden upper limb loading and muscle activation during flexion-extension movement and the lumbar endurance test were measured by surface electromyography (EMG. Postural stability was measured on a force platform during two- and one-footed standing. Lumbar movement perception was assessed in a motorised trunk rotation unit in the seated position. In addition, measurements of motor-(MEP and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP and needle EMG examination of lumbar multifidus muscles were performed in the LSS patients. Clinical and questionnaire data were also recorded. A short latency paraspinal muscle response (~50 ms for sudden upper limb loading was observed. The latency of the response was shortened by expectation (p=0.017. The response latency for unexpected loading was similar in healthy persons and disc herniation patients but the latency was not shortened by expectation in the patients (p = 0.014. Also impaired postural control (p < 0.05 and lumbar movement perception (p = 0.012 were observed in disc herniation patients. The impaired lumbar movement perception (p=0.054 and anticipatory muscle activation (p = 0.043 tended to be restored after successful surgery but postural control had still not recovered after 3 months of follow-up. The majority of LSS patients were unable to sense a rotational movement in the lumbar area and thus had clearly impaired lumbar movement perception (p = 0.006. Abnormal MEPs had only inconsistent and SEPs showed no associations with impaired movement perception and postural stability in LSS. Abnormal needle EMG findings and flexion-extension activation of paraspinal muscles were frequently observed in LSS patients. Lumbar paraspinal muscle endurance was better than in previously evaluated healthy subjects and chronic LBP patients (p < 0.001. The results demonstrated clearly impaired lumbar sensory and motor function in sciatica and LSS patients. The pure reflex activation of paraspinal muscles was not affected in sciatica but a difference was found in the premotoneuronal response control. The impaired proprioceptive functions and premotoneuronal response control seem to recover at least partially but the maintenance of postural stability is a complex activity which does not seem to recover automatically in operated sciatica patients at least in three months follow-up. Paraspinal muscle denervation and dysfunction were clearly detectable in LSS but lumbar paraspinal muscle endurance was unexpectedly good.

  8. Lumbar artery hemorrhage associated with lumbar fractures: Arteriographic diagnosis and therapy

    Nine patients who sustained massive lumbar arterial hemorrhage associated with lumbar spinal fractures are described. Pelvic fracture hemorrhage was present in five patients. Spasm and extravasation, a subtle finding on aortography, were usually obvious on lumbar arteriography, often originating from multiple lumbar vessels. Gelfoam embolization controlled bleeding in seven patients. One patient died of exsanguination during embolization; another, not embolized, required 7 units of blood transfusion. Two died of cerebral injury and pulmonary embolism. The authors conclude that lumbar arteriography should be considered during angiography for pelvic fracture when there are lumbar fractures, and life-threatening lumbar artery hemorrhage can be controlled by Gelfoam embolization

  9. Preoperative education for lumbar surgery for radiculopathy

    Louw, A; Q Louw; L. Crous

    2009-01-01

    To date no studies have been published on preoperative education forpatients who had lumbar surgery. The aim of this study was to determine if there is a demand for preoperative education for patients who had lumbar surgery for radiculopathy. A convenience sample of 47 patients who had lumbar surgery and a random sample of 141 physiotherapists involved in treating patients who had lumbar surgery completed a newly developed spinal surgery questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive...

  10. Evaluation of pre lumbar puncture position on post lumbar puncture headache

    Majd, Siamak Afshin; Pourfarzam, Shahryar; Ghasemi, Hassan; Yarmohammadi, Mohammad Ebrahim; Davati, Ali; Jaberian, Moslem

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The most common complication of lumbar puncture (LP) occurring in over thirty percent of patients is headache. The position after lumbar puncture, needle type and size, and volume of the extracted cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been evaluated as contributory factors in occurrence of post lumbar puncture headache (PLPH), but the position before lumbar puncture has not been evaluated. METHODS: The occurrence of post lumbar puncture headache was evaluated in 125 patients undergoing l...

  11. Lumbar hernia: anatomical route assessed by computed tomography.

    Guillem, P; Czarnecki, E; Duval, G; Bounoua, F; Fontaine, C

    2002-02-01

    Lumbar hernia is classically described as arising from the superior (Grynfeltt's) lumbar triangle or the inferior (Jean-Louis Petit's) lumbar triangle. The present anatomical study based on a computed tomography examination performed in a patient with lumbar hernia, has led to the suggestion that lumbar hernias cross the lumbar wall through a musculoaponeurotic tunnel, whose deep and superficial openings are the superior and inferior lumbar triangles, respectively. PMID:12197011

  12. Chondroblastoma of the lumbar vertebra

    Chondroblastoma of the vertebra is a very rare condition. To our knowledge fewer than 20 cases have been reported in the world literature. We report a 54-year-old man with chondroblastoma of the fifth lumbar vertebra. The clinical and radiological aspects of the tumor are discussed, emphasizing the presence of an extraosseous mass suggestive of locally aggressive behavior. (orig.)

  13. Chondroblastoma of the lumbar vertebra

    Leung, L.Y.J.; Shu, S.J.; Chan, M.K.; Chan, C.H.S. [Dept. of Radiology and Imaging, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

    2001-12-01

    Chondroblastoma of the vertebra is a very rare condition. To our knowledge fewer than 20 cases have been reported in the world literature. We report a 54-year-old man with chondroblastoma of the fifth lumbar vertebra. The clinical and radiological aspects of the tumor are discussed, emphasizing the presence of an extraosseous mass suggestive of locally aggressive behavior. (orig.)

  14. Management of lumbar spinal stenosis.

    Lurie, Jon; Tomkins-Lane, Christy

    2016-01-01

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) affects more than 200?000 adults in the United States, resulting in substantial pain and disability. It is the most common reason for spinal surgery in patients over 65 years. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a clinical syndrome of pain in the buttocks or lower extremities, with or without back pain. It is associated with reduced space available for the neural and vascular elements of the lumbar spine. The condition is often exacerbated by standing, walking, or lumbar extension and relieved by forward flexion, sitting, or recumbency. Clinical care and research into lumbar spinal stenosis is complicated by the heterogeneity of the condition, the lack of standard criteria for diagnosis and inclusion in studies, and high rates of anatomic stenosis on imaging studies in older people who are completely asymptomatic. The options for non-surgical management include drugs, physiotherapy, spinal injections, lifestyle modification, and multidisciplinary rehabilitation. However, few high quality randomized trials have looked at conservative management. A systematic review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend any specific type of non-surgical treatment. Several different surgical procedures are used to treat patients who do not improve with non-operative therapies. Given that rapid deterioration is rare and that symptoms often wax and wane or gradually improve, surgery is almost always elective and considered only if sufficiently bothersome symptoms persist despite trials of less invasive interventions. Outcomes (leg pain and disability) seem to be better for surgery than for non-operative treatment, but the evidence is heterogeneous and often of limited quality. PMID:26727925

  15. Stand-Alone Lateral Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Low-Grade Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

    Luis Marchi; Nitamar Abdala; Leonardo Oliveira; Rodrigo Amaral; Etevaldo Coutinho; Luiz Pimenta

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate the stand-alone lateral interbody fusion as a minimally invasive option for the treatment of low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis with a minimum 24-month followup. Prospective nonrandomized observational single-center study. 52 consecutive patients (67.6 ± 10 y/o; 73.1% female; 27.4 ± 3.4 BMI) with single-level grade I/II single-level degenerative spondylolisthesis without significant spine instability were included. Fusion procedures were perf...

  16. Role of femoral ring allograft in anterior interbody fusion of the spine.

    Chotivichit A; Fujita T; Wong TH; Kostuik JP; Sieber AN

    2001-01-01

    A review was carried out on 59 patients (10 males and 49 females) who had anterior interbody fusion performed with femoral ring allograft packed with autograft bone chips with a minimum follow up of 2 years. The average age at the time of surgery was 49.1 year old (26 to 75). The total number of levels grafted was 141. The diagnosis consisted of multiple degenerative disease in 6, degenerative change below the long segment of fusion for scoliosis in 9, osteoporosis with collapsed fracture in ...

  17. PEEK Versus Ti Interbody Fusion Devices: Resultant Fusion, Bone Apposition, Initial and 26 Week Biomechanics.

    Pelletier, Matthew; Cordaro, Nicholas; Lau, Abe; Walsh, William R

    2012-07-13

    STUDY DESIGN:: Comparative evaluation of in vitro and in vivo biomechanics, resulting fusion and histomorphometric aspects of Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) versus Titanium (Ti) interbody fusion devices in an animal model with similar volumes of bone graft. OBJECTIVE:: Identify differences in the characteristics of fusion and biomechanics immediately following implantation (time zero) and at 26 weeks with each interbody implant. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: PEEK has been well accepted in spinal surgery, it provides a closer match to the mechanical properties of bone than metallic implants such as titanium. This is thought to reduce graft stress shielding and subsidence of interbody fusion devices. There remains controversy as to the overall influence of this as a factor influencing resultant fusion and initial stability. While material modulus is one factor of importance, other design factors are likely to play a large role determining overall performance of an interbody implant. METHODS:: A Ti and PEEK device of similar size with a central void to accommodate graft material were compared. The PEEK device had a ridged surface on the caudal and cephalad surfaces, while Ti device allowed axial compliance and had bone ingrowth endplates and polished internal surfaces. A two level ALIF was performed in 9 sheep and fusion, biomechanics, and bone apposition were evaluated at 26 weeks. Time zero in vitro biomechanical tests were performed to establish initial stability immediately following implantation. RESULTS:: No differences were detected in the biomechanical measures of each of the devices in in vitro time zero tests. All levels were fused by 26 weeks with considerably lower Range of Motion (ROM) when compared to in vitro tests. ROM in all modes of bending was reduced by over 70% when compared to intact values for Axial Rotation (Ti-74%, PEEK-71%), Lateral Bending (Ti-90%, PEEK-88%) and Flexion/Extension (Ti-92%, PEEK-91%). Mechanical properties of fusions formed with each implant did not differ, however bone apposition was variable with polished internal Ti surfaces being lower than PEEK and treated Ti endplates showing the greatest levels. Graft material displayed axial trabecular alignment with both implants. CONCLUSIONS:: Although material properties and surface characteristics resulted in differing amounts of biological integration from the host, both implants were capable of producing excellent fusion results using similar volumes of bone graft. PMID:22801456

  18. Complications of pedicle screws in lumbar and lumbosacral fusions in 105 consecutive primary operations.

    Jutte, P C; Castelein, R M

    2002-12-01

    Pedicle screw fixation is technically demanding and associated with high complication rates. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the pedicle screw-related complications in 105 consecutive operations. We retrospectively analysed 105 consecutive primary operations. We found complications of varying severity in 54% of the patients. Deep infections were found in 4.7%, all successfully cured by debridement and antibiotics. There were no permanent neurological complications related to the screws. One serious neurological sequela, a T10 paraplegia, was unrelated to screw placement between L3 and S1. Screw misplacement was found in 6.5% of the screws. Screw breakage occurred in 12.4% of the patients, inevitably leading to loss of correction. Reduced spondylolisthesis L5-S1 without anterior support was found to be especially prone to screw breakage. The study confirmed that pedicle screw placement is a technically demanding procedure with a high complication rate. Fortunately, most complications are not severe. Infections can be dealt with by thorough debridement and parenteral antibiotics. Neurological sequelae can be minimised by careful tactile technique. To avoid screw breakage and subsequent loss of correction, anterior support should be provided, through either posterior or anterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF or ALIF) techniques, in reduced spondylolisthesis L5-S1. PMID:12522719

  19. Anterior column realignment following lateral interbody fusion for sagittal deformity correction.

    Pimenta, Luiz; Fortti, Fernanda; Oliveira, Leonardo; Marchi, Luis; Jensen, Rubens; Coutinho, Etevaldo; Amaral, Rodrigo

    2015-07-01

    Degenerative and iatrogenic diseases may lead to loss of lordosis or even kyphotic thoracolumbar deformity and sagittal misalignment. Traditional surgery with three-column osteotomies is associated with important neurologic risks and postoperative morbidity. In a novel technique, the lateral transpsoas interbody fusion (LTIF) is complemented with the sacrifice of the anterior longitudinal ligament and anterior portion of the annulus followed by the insertion of a hyperlordotic interbody cage. This is a less invasive lateral technique named anterior column realignment (ACR) and aims to correct sagittal misalignment in adult spinal deformity (ASD), with or without the addition of minor posterior osteotomies. In this article, we provide an account of the evolution to the ACR technique, the literature, and the Brazilian experience in the treatment of adult spinal deformity with this novel advanced application of LTIF. In the presence of ASD, the risk-to-benefit ratio of a surgical correction must be evaluated. Less invasive surgical strategies can be alternatives to treat the deformity and provide better quality of life to the patient. ACR is an advanced application of lateral transpsoas approach, up to date has shown to be reliable and effective when used for ASD, and may minimize complications and morbidity from traditional surgical procedures. Long-term follow-up and comparative studies are needed to evaluate real benefit. PMID:25971442

  20. Traumatic lumbar spinal subdural hematoma

    William E. Gordon

    2014-12-01

    Our case illustrates rapid resolution of a posttraumatic spinal SDH after treatment with oral corticosteroids. Recognition of blood products on MRI is vital to diagnosis and expedient treatment. There is agreement that prompt laminectomy with evacuation of SDH should be performed before permanent damage to the spinal cord occurs. Including our patient, 4 of 11 reported cases of thoracic or lumbar SDH resolved with conservative treatment.

  1. Traumatic lumbar spinal subdural hematoma

    Gordon, William E.; Brent Y. Kimball; Arthur, Adam S

    2014-01-01

    Spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition associated with trauma, lumbar puncture, hemorrhagic disorder, anticoagulant therapy, spinal surgery, tumor, vascular malformations, and spinal or epidural anesthesia. Traumatic SDH is even more uncommon than other forms of SDH with only 10 reported cases in the literature. Following a punch to the head and loss of consciousness, a 35-year-old man reported headaches, right-sided tinnitus, and dull ache behi...

  2. Lumbar puncture in spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage

    Duffy, G P

    1982-01-01

    Seventy-four patients with proved spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage were studied. Sixty-four underwent computed tomography and 55 underwent lumbar puncture. Seven cases deteriorated dramatically after lumbar puncture, six of these showing evidence of cerebral dislocation on further investigation. Four of the seven had not undergone computed tomography and three underwent computed tomography after lumbar puncture. Computed tomography of the brain could determine patients at risk of coning. ...

  3. Lumbar disc excision through fenestration

    Sangwan S

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Lumbar disc herniation often causes sciatica. Many different techniques have been advocated with the aim of least possible damage to other structures while dealing with prolapsed disc surgically in the properly selected and indicated cases. Methods : Twenty six patients with clinical symptoms and signs of prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc having radiological correlation by MRI study were subjected to disc excision by interlaminar fenestration method. Results : The assessment at follow-up showed excellent results in 17 patients, good in 6 patients, fair in 2 patients and poor in 1 patient. The mean preoperative and postoperative Visual Analogue Scores were 9.34 0.84 and 2.19 0.84 on scale of 0-10 respectively. These were statistically significant (p value< 0.001, paired t test. No significant complications were recorded. Conclusion : Procedures of interlaminar fenestration and open disc excision under direct vision offers sufficient adequate exposure for lumbar disc excision with a smaller incision, lesser morbidity, shorter convalescence, early return to work and comparable overall results in the centers where recent laser and endoscopy facilities are not available.

  4. Lumbar discoidectomy by minimal incision

    The objective is to review the experience with the presented technique. Background: Lumbar disc herniation is the most frequent cause of low back pain, becoming a disabling condition. There are multiple surgical procedures to treat lumbar disc herniation; however, review of the literature found similar outcomes within open and percutaneous techniques. Materials and methods: Seventy patients with lumbar disc herniation were operated within 1990 and 2003, 38 years-old of mean age, 6 years 3 months of mean follow-up. Results were evaluated by Spain type, severity of herniation, and presence of neurological deficit, preoperative treatment, and complications and assessment of outcomes according to Ebeling's Scale. Results: 91% of disc herniation were by a physical mechanism. 57% were protruded disc herniation; most common paint type was lumbo-radicular (83%). Disturbances Motor improved in 100% and 69% of sensitive. There were no infections. According to Ebeling's Scale, 94,3% of patients had excellent outcomes, 4.3% well and 1.4% had regular outcomes. Recommendations: The minimally invasive technique is safe and has low incidence of complications, this promotes early clinical recovery and reintegration to daily and laboral activities. Costs are less with this technique than the microsurgical technique because of this does not require of high-technology equipment

  5. Clinical anatomy and 3D virtual reconstruction of the lumbar plexus with respect to lumbar surgery

    Ding Zi-hai

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Exposure of the anterior or lateral lumbar via the retroperitoneal approach easily causes injuries to the lumbar plexus. Lumbar plexus injuries which occur during anterior or transpsoas lumbar spine exposure and placement of instruments have been reported. This study aims is to provide more anatomical data and surgical landmarks in operations concerning the lumbar plexus in order to prevent lumbar plexus injuries and to increase the possibility of safety in anterior approach lumbar surgery. Methods To study the applied anatomy related to the lumbar plexus of fifteen formaldehyde-preserved cadavers, Five sets of Virtual Human (VH data set were prepared and used in the study. Three-dimensional (3D computerized reconstructions of the lumbar plexus and their adjacent structures were conducted from the VH female data set. Results The order of lumbar nerves is regular. From the anterior view, lumbar plexus nerves are arranged from medial at L5 to lateral at L2. From the lateral view, lumbar nerves are arranged from ventral at L2 to dorsal at L5. The angle of each nerve root exiting outward to the corresponding intervertebral foramen increases from L1 to L5. The lumbar plexus nerves are observed to be in close contact with transverse processes (TP. All parts of the lumbar plexus were located by sectional anatomy in the dorsal third of the psoas muscle. Thus, access to the psoas major muscle at the ventral 2/3 region can safely prevent nerve injuries. 3D reconstruction of the lumbar plexus based on VCH data can clearly show the relationships between the lumbar plexus and the blood vessels, vertebral body, kidney, and psoas muscle. Conclusion The psoas muscle can be considered as a surgical landmark since incision at the ventral 2/3 of the region can prevent lumbar plexus injuries for procedures requiring exposure of the lateral anterior of the lumbar. The transverse process can be considered as a landmark and reference in surgical operations by its relative position to the lumbar plexus. 3D reconstructions of the lumbar plexus based on VCH data provide a virtual morphological basis for anterior lumbar surgery.

  6. Mid-range outcomes in 64 consecutive cases of multilevel fusion for degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine

    Marc Röllinghoff

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the treatment of multilevel degenerative disorders of the lumbar spine, spondylodesis plays a controversial role. Most patients can be treated conservatively with success. Multilevel lumbar fusion with instrumentation is associated with severe complications like failed back surgery syndrome, implant failure, and adjacent segment disease (ASD. This retrospective study examines the records of 70 elderly patients with degenerative changes or instability of the lumbar spine treated between 2002 and 2007 with spondylodesis of more than two segments. Sixty-four patients were included; 5 patients had died and one patient was lost to follow-up. We evaluated complications, clinical/radiological outcomes, and success of fusion. Flexion-extension and standing X-rays in two planes, MRI, and/or CT scans were obtained pre-operatively. Patients were assessed clinically using the Oswestry disability index (ODI and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS. Surgery performed was dorsolateral fusion (46.9% or dorsal fusion with anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF; 53.1%. Additional decompression was carried out in 37.5% of patients. Mean follow-up was 29.4±5.4 months. Average patient age was 64.7±4.3 years. Clinical outcomes were not satisfactory for all patients. VAS scores improved from 8.6±1.3 to 5.6±3.0 pre- to post-operatively, without statistical significance. ODI was also not significantly improved (56.1±22.3 pre- and 45.1±26.4 post-operatively. Successful fusion, defined as adequate bone mass with trabeculation at the facets and transverse processes or in the intervertebral segments, did not correlate with good clinical outcomes. Thirty-five of 64 patients (54% showed signs of pedicle screw loosening, especially of the screws at S1. However, only 7 of these 35 (20% complained of corresponding back pain. Revision surgery was required in 24 of 64 patients (38%. Of these, indications were adjacent segment disease (16 cases, pedicle screw loosening (7 cases, and infection (one case. At follow-up of 29.4 months, patients with radiographic ASD had worse ODI scores than patients without (54.7 vs. 36.6; P less than 0.001. Multilevel fusion for degenerative disease still has a high rate of complications, up to 50%. The problem of adjacent segment disease after fusion surgery has not yet been solved. This study underscores the need for strict indication guidelines to perform lumbar spine fusion of more than two levels.

  7. Osteomielitis vertebral lumbar / Ostomylite vertbrale lombaire / Lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis

    Hiralio, Collazo lvarez; Javier, Pacheco Lpez; Lander, Garca de Rojas; Juan Pablo, Yandn Quiroz.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Se mostr la teraputica mdica y quirrgica ante un caso con osteomielitis vertebral secundaria a discectoma, mediante el estudio observacional descriptivo en un paciente de 50 aos de edad, afecto de hernia discal del 5to. espacio lumbar, a quien se le haba practicado discectoma abierta; que in [...] gres a los 15 das con un cuadro doloroso lumbar e hipertermia de 39 C.Se hizo una revisin actualizada del tema de osteomielitis vertebral y se expuso la teraputica quirrgica y antimicrobiana realizada al paciente. Luego de desbridamientos quirrgicos seriados demandantes y secuenciales, as como de irrigacin continua, se observ la resolucin del cuadro infeccioso y del cuadro radicular que presentaba el paciente. En consulta externa se reflej la negatividad de las investigaciones analticas de infeccin a los 4 meses de evolucin. Se concluy que es importante ante los signos clnicos de infeccin (dolor, fiebre), realizar una tomografa axial computarizada en un paciente con discectoma abierta, para ver la repercusin sea y operar lo antes posible. La modalidad de desbridamiento secuencial y demandante con una irrigacin continua de solucin salina fisiolgica 0,9 % con antibitico sensible al microorganismo, da resultados satisfactorios. Abstract in english Surgical and medical therapy was shown in a case of vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to disectomy by means of a descriptive observational study conducted in a 50 years old patient affected by herniation of the fifth lumbar disk that had undergone open disectomy; who was admitted 15 days after this [...] with a painful lumbar manifestation and hyperthermia of 39 C. An updated review of the topic of vertebral osteomyelitis was made and the surgical and antimicrobial therapy followed in the patient was shown. After demanding sequential serial surgical debridements with continuous irrigation, the resolution of the infectious and radicular manifestation that the patient presented was observed. The negative impacts of the analytical investigations of infection were presented in the outpatient consultation after four months of evolution. It was concluded that, in the presence of clinical signs of infection such as pain and fever, it is important to indicate a CT-scan to a patient who had undergone open disectomy to observe the osseous percussion and operate on as soon as possible. The modality of demanding sequential serial surgical debridement with continuous irrigation with 0.9 % physiological saline solution and a sensitive antibiotic to the microorganism gives satisfactory results.

  8. Spontaneous hemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst

    Cicuendez, Marta; Jose F Alen; Ana RAMOS; Lobato, Ramiro D.; Lagares, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    Lumbar synovial cysts frequently present with back pain, chronic radiculopathy and/or progressive symptoms of spinal canal compromise. These cysts generally appear in the context of degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Few cases of spontaneous hemorrhage into synovial cysts have been reported in the literature.

  9. Intradural hemangiopericytoma of the lumbar spine

    Hemangiopericytoma is a rare tumor that can affect the lumbar spine; the intradural location is very infrequent. We report a 54-years-old man with lumbociatic pain during a period of several month, with a diagnosis of lumbar intradural hemangiopericytoma. This case report describes the results obtained by RMI and pathology. (author)

  10. Post lumbar puncture discitis and vertebral collapse.

    Bhatoe, H. S.; Gill, H. S.; Kumar, N; Biswas, S

    1994-01-01

    Discitis and vertebral collapse are rare but serious complications of lumbar puncture. Clinical profile, management and course of post lumbar puncture discitis in five patients is presented. Such a complication should be kept in mind whenever any invasive procedure is carried out on the spine.

  11. Remote cerebellar hemorrhage after lumbar spinal surgery

    Cevik, Belma [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Fevzi Cakmak Cad. 10. sok. No: 45, Bahcelievler, Ankara 06490 (Turkey)], E-mail: belmac@baskent-ank.edu.tr; Kirbas, Ismail; Cakir, Banu; Akin, Kayihan; Teksam, Mehmet [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Fevzi Cakmak Cad. 10. sok. No: 45, Bahcelievler, Ankara 06490 (Turkey)

    2009-04-15

    Background: Postoperative remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) as a complication of lumbar spinal surgery is an increasingly recognized clinical entity. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of RCH after lumbar spinal surgery and to describe diagnostic imaging findings of RCH. Methods: Between October 1996 and March 2007, 2444 patients who had undergone lumbar spinal surgery were included in the study. Thirty-seven of 2444 patients were scanned by CT or MRI due to neurologic symptoms within the first 7 days of postoperative period. The data of all the patients were studied with regard to the following variables: incidence of RCH after lumbar spinal surgery, gender and age, coagulation parameters, history of previous arterial hypertension, and position of lumbar spinal surgery. Results: The retrospective study led to the identification of two patients who had RCH after lumbar spinal surgery. Of 37 patients who had neurologic symptoms, 29 patients were women and 8 patients were men. CT and MRI showed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the folia of bilateral cerebellar hemispheres in both patients with RCH. The incidence of RCH was 0.08% among patients who underwent lumbar spinal surgery. Conclusion: RCH is a rare complication of lumbar spinal surgery, self-limiting phenomenon that should not be mistaken for more ominous pathologic findings such as hemorrhagic infarction. This type of bleeding is thought to occur secondary to venous infarction, but the exact pathogenetic mechanism is unknown. CT or MRI allowed immediate diagnosis of this complication and guided conservative management.

  12. Stand-Alone Lateral Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Low-Grade Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

    Marchi, Luis; Abdala, Nitamar; Oliveira, Leonardo; Amaral, Rodrigo; Coutinho, Etevaldo; Pimenta, Luiz

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate the stand-alone lateral interbody fusion as a minimally invasive option for the treatment of low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis with a minimum 24-month followup. Prospective nonrandomized observational single-center study. 52 consecutive patients (67.6 ± 10 y/o; 73.1% female; 27.4 ± 3.4 BMI) with single-level grade I/II single-level degenerative spondylolisthesis without significant spine instability were included. Fusion procedures were performed as retroperitoneal lateral transpsoas interbody fusions without screw supplementation. The procedures were performed in average 73.2 minutes and with less than 50cc blood loss. VAS and Oswestry scores showed lasting improvements in clinical outcomes (60% and 54.5% change, resp.). The vertebral slippage was reduced in 90.4% of cases from mean values of 15.1% preoperatively to 7.4% at 6-week followup (P < 0.001) and was maintained through 24 months (7.1%, P < 0.001). Segmental lordosis (P < 0.001) and disc height (P < 0.001) were improved in postop evaluations. Cage subsidence occurred in 9/52 cases (17%) and 7/52 cases (13%) spine levels needed revision surgery. At the 24-month evaluation, solid fusion was observed in 86.5% of the levels treated. The minimally invasive lateral approach has been shown to be a safe and reproducible technique to treat low-grade degenerative spondylolisthesis. PMID:22545019

  13. Biomechanical effects of polyaxial pedicle screw fixation on the lumbosacral segments with an anterior interbody cage support

    Chen Hsiang-Ho; Mo Lin Ruey; Chen Shih-Hao; Tsai Kai-Jow

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Lumbosacral fusion is a relatively common procedure that is used in the management of an unstable spine. The anterior interbody cage has been involved to enhance the stability of a pedicle screw construct used at the lumbosacral junction. Biomechanical differences between polyaxial and monoaxial pedicle screws linked with various rod contours were investigated to analyze the respective effects on overall construct stiffness, cage strain, rod strain, and contact ratios at t...

  14. Postoperative posterior lumbar muscle changes and their relationship to segmental motion preservation or restriction: a randomized prospective study.

    Strube, Patrick; Putzier, Michael; Streitparth, Florian; Hoff, Eike K; Hartwig, Tony

    2016-01-01

    OBJECT To date, it remains unclear whether the preservation of segmental motion by total disc replacement (TDR) or motion restriction by stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) have an influence on postoperative degeneration of the posterior paraspinal muscles or the associated clinical results. Therefore, the purpose of the present prospective randomized study was to evaluate the clinical parameters and 3D quantitative radiological changes in the paraspinal muscles of the lumbar spine in surgically treated segments and superior adjacent segments after ALIF and TDR. METHODS A total of 50 patients with chronic low-back pain caused by single-level intervertebral disc degeneration (Pfirrmann Grade ? III) and/or osteochondrosis (Modic Type ? 2) without symptomatic facet joint degeneration (Fujiwara Grade ? 2, infiltration test) of the segments L4-5 or L5-S1 were randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups. Twenty-five patients were treated with a stand-alone ALIF and the remaining 25 patients underwent TDR. For ALIF and TDR, a retroperitoneal approach was used. At 1 week and at 12 months after surgery, CT was used to analyze paraspinal lumbar muscle tissue volume and relative fat content. Residual muscle tissue volume at 12 months and change in the relative fat content were compared between the groups. In addition, clinical parameters (visual analog scale [VAS] for low-back pain and Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] Questionnaire Version 2 for function) were compared. RESULTS Compared with 1 week after surgery, the radiological analysis at 12 months revealed a small decrease in the posterior muscle volume (the mean decrease was pain and function were significantly improved in both groups compared with 1 week postsurgery, but there were no differences between the groups. CONCLUSIONS Motion restriction via stand-alone ALIF and motion preservation via TDR both present small changes in the posterior lumbar paraspinal muscles with regard to volume atrophy or fatty degeneration at the index and superior adjacent segments. Therefore, although the clinical outcome was not affected by the observed muscular changes, the authors concluded that the expected negative influence of motion restriction on the posterior muscles compared with motion preservation does not occur on a clinically relevant level. PMID:26360146

  15. Is that lumbar disc symptomatic? Herniated lumbar disc associated with contralateral radiculopathy

    Abdul Jalil, Muhammad Fahmi; Lam, Miu Fei; Wang, Yi Yuen

    2014-01-01

    Herniated lumbar disc may be asymptomatic or associated with lower limb radiculopathy. Most spinal surgeons would offer surgery following a period of conservative measures if the radiological and clinical findings correlate. However, the existing dictum that lumbar radiculopathy should correlate with ipsilateral lumbar disc herniation may not be accurate as it can rarely present with contralateral sciatica. Literature regarding this phenomenon is scarce. Therefore, we report a patient with herniated lumbar disc presenting with predominantly contralateral motor weakness radiculopathy, which resolved after discectomy. PMID:24811105

  16. Nursing care for patients receiving percutaneous lumbar discectomy and intradiscal electrothermal treatment for lumbar disc herniation

    Objective: To summarize the nursing experience in caring patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation who received percutaneous lumbar discectomy (PLD) together with intradiscal electrothermal treatment (IDET) under DSA guidance. Methods: The perioperative nursing care measures carried out in 126 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation who underwent PLD and IDET were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Successful treatment of PLD and IDET was accomplished in 112 cases. Under comprehensive and scientific nursing care and observation, no serious complications occurred. Conclusion: Scientific and proper nursing care is a strong guarantee for a successful surgery and a better recovery in treating lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with PLD and IDET under DSA guidance. (authors)

  17. Bulging Fontanelle and Need for Lumbar Puncture

    J Gordon Millichap

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Etiologies of bulging fontanelle and fever and clinical evidence for lumbar puncture were determined from medical records of 153 infants treated at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Israel.

  18. Constitutional stenosis of the lumbar spinal canal

    Wackenheim, A.; Vallier, D.; Babin, E.

    1980-10-01

    The radiographic findings of lumbar spinal stenosis are presented with special reference to the constitutional form and the cheirolumbar dysostotic form as well as the pathologic changes associated with diffuse developmental anomalies of the skeleton.

  19. Design concepts in lumbar total disc arthroplasty

    Galbusera, Fabio; Bellini, Chiara M.; Zweig, Thomas; Ferguson, Stephen; Raimondi, Manuela T.; Lamartina, Claudio; Brayda-bruno, Marco; Fornari, Maurizio

    2008-01-01

    The implantation of lumbar disc prostheses based on different design concepts is widely accepted. This paper reviews currently available literature studies on the biomechanics of TDA in the lumbar spine, and is targeted at the evaluation of possible relationships between the aims of TDA and the geometrical, mechanical and material properties of the various available disc prostheses. Both theoretical and experimental studies were analyzed, by a PUBMED search (performed in February 2007, revise...

  20. Posteroanterior versus anteroposterior lumbar spine radiology

    The posteroanterior view of the lumbar spine has important features including radiation protection and image quality; these have been studied by various investigators. Investigators have shown that sensitive tissues receive less radiation dosage in the posteroanterior view of the spine for scoliosis screening and intracranial tomography without altering the image quality. This paper emphasizes the importance of the radiation safety aspect of the posteroanterior view and shows the improvement in shape distortion in the lumbar vertebrae

  1. Posteroanterior versus anteroposterior lumbar spine radiology

    Tsuno, M.M.; Shu, G.J. (Cleveland Chiropractic College, Los Angeles, CA (USA))

    1990-03-01

    The posteroanterior view of the lumbar spine has important features including radiation protection and image quality; these have been studied by various investigators. Investigators have shown that sensitive tissues receive less radiation dosage in the posteroanterior view of the spine for scoliosis screening and intracranial tomography without altering the image quality. This paper emphasizes the importance of the radiation safety aspect of the posteroanterior view and shows the improvement in shape distortion in the lumbar vertebrae.

  2. Fem Modelling of Lumbar Vertebra System

    Rimantas Ka?ianauskas

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents modeling of human lumbar vertebra and itsdeformation analysis using finite elements method. The problemof tissue degradation is raised. Using the computer aided modelingwith SolidWorks software the models of lumbar vertebra(L1 and vertebra system L1-L4 were created. The article containssocial and medical problem analysis, description of modelingmethods and the results of deformation test for one vertebramodel and for model of 4 vertebras (L1-L4.

  3. Bleichner’s hernia – lumbar hernia

    Petersen, Katherine; Snikeris, Jaclyn; Hall, Timothy S.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Background: We present a case of a lumbar hernia and a review of the literature of this rare hernia type. Case Report: The case and the review will discuss the unusual presentations reported, common etiologies, the importance of early operative repair based on the high rate of incarceration and the recent recommendations regarding repair techniques. Conclusions: Lumbar hernias are rare cases, but should be pursued in diagnosis and treated aggressively because of the high rate of incar...

  4. Partial Facetectomy for Lumbar Foraminal Stenosis

    Kevin Kang; Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Olaverri; Frank Schwab; Jenifer Hashem; Afshin Razi; Jean Pierre Farcy

    2014-01-01

    Background. Several different techniques exist to address the pain and disability caused by isolated nerve root impingement. Failure to adequately decompress the lumbar foramen may lead to failed back surgery syndrome. However, aggressive treatment often causes spinal instability or may require fusion for satisfactory results. We describe a novel technique for decompression of the lumbar nerve root and demonstrate its effectiveness in relief of radicular symptoms. Methods. Partial facetectomy...

  5. Preoperative education for lumbar surgery for radiculopathy

    A. Louw

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available To date no studies have been published on preoperative education forpatients who had lumbar surgery. The aim of this study was to determine if there is a demand for preoperative education for patients who had lumbar surgery for radiculopathy. A convenience sample of 47 patients who had lumbar surgery and a random sample of 141 physiotherapists involved in treating patients who had lumbar surgery completed a newly developed spinal surgery questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptiveand inferential statistical tests. Results showed that 100% of the patients and 99% of therapists view preoperative education to be an important component for lumbar surgery for radiculopathy. The most important factors identifiedfor inclusion in preoperative educational programs were reason for surgery, risks associated with surgery, limitations following surgery and more education regarding pain. The preferred method of education delivery was verbal one-on-one education. This study demonstrates that there is a demand for preoperative education for patients who had lumbar surgery.

  6. Role of femoral ring allograft in anterior interbody fusion of the spine.

    Chotivichit A

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A review was carried out on 59 patients (10 males and 49 females who had anterior interbody fusion performed with femoral ring allograft packed with autograft bone chips with a minimum follow up of 2 years. The average age at the time of surgery was 49.1 year old (26 to 75. The total number of levels grafted was 141. The diagnosis consisted of multiple degenerative disease in 6, degenerative change below the long segment of fusion for scoliosis in 9, osteoporosis with collapsed fracture in 3, pseudarthrosis after posterior laminectomy and fusion in 35, congenital scoliosis in 3, scoliosis in 2 and paralytic scoliosis due to multiple sclerosis in one. The distribution of levels fused was T12-L1 in 6, L1-2 in 12, L2-3 in 17, L3-4 in 22, L4-5 in 35 and L5-S1 in 39. The remaining 10 levels were in the lower thoracic areas (T7-T12. The operations were performed as anterior fusion alone in 13 patients, one-stage anterior and posterior fusion in 26 patients and two-stage surgery in 20 patients. Anterior instrumentation was used in all 141 levels. At average follow-up (33.7 months there was no significant change in allograft angles (average = 1.6 degrees . Fusion of the allograft was classified by Bridwell's grading system. At 24 months of the follow up, 97 % of the allografts were in grade I (fully incorporated and 3% were in grade II (partially incorporated. Compared to 12 months follow-up only 76.2% of the grafts were in grade I, 28 % were in grade II and 0.8% were in grade III. Two patients had deep posterior infections which required further surgery (without resorption of the allograft anteriorly. One patient had a screw migration anteriorly which required removal. Three patients had persistence of radiolucent line at one of the vertebral end plates - graft interfaces but no subsidence of the graft or pain. In conclusion, the femoral ring allograft appeared to benefit the anterior interbody fusion in complex spinal surgery.

  7. Spinaplasty following lumbar laminectomy for multilevel lumbar spinal stenosis to prevent iatrogenic instability

    Surendra Mohan Tuli

    2011-01-01

    Conclusion: Spinaplasty following posterior decompression for multilevel lumbar canal stenosis is a simple operation, without any serious complications, retaining median structures, maintaining the tension band and the strength with least disturbance of kinematics, mobility, stability and lordosis of the lumbar spine.

  8. Co-occurrence of lumbar spondylolysis and lumbar disc herniation with lumbosacral nerve root anomaly

    Tevfik Yilmaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lumbosacral nerve root anomalies are the leading cause of lumbar surgery failures. Although co-occurrence of lumbar spondylolysis and disc herniation is common, it is very rare to observe that a nerve root anomaly accompanies these lesions. A 49-year-old male patient presented with sudden-onset right leg pain. Examinations revealed L5/S1 lumbar spondylolysis and disc herniation. At preoperative period, he was also diagnosed with lumbosacral root anomaly. Following discectomy and root decompression, stabilization was performed. The complaints of the patient diagnosed with lumbosacral root anomaly at intraoperative period were improved at postoperative period. It should be remembered that in patients with lumbar disc herniation and spondylolysis, lumbar root anomalies may coexist when clinical and neurological picture is severe. Preoperative and perioperative assessments should be made meticulously to prevent neurological injury.

  9. Lumbar facet syndrome - Lumbar facet joint injection and low back pain

    The authors conducted a retrospective study lo evaluate the effectiveness of injection therapy in the lumbar zygapophysial joints with anesthetics and steroids in patients with persisting low back pain and lumbar facer syndrome. Thirty-seven patients with low back pain who reported immediate relief of their pain after controlled blocks into the facet joints between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae and the fifth lumbar and first sacral vertebrae were evaluated. Outcome was evaluated using the visual analog pain scales. All outcome measures were repeated at eight days and six weeks alter controlled injection. At six-week follow-up examination 83,7% of thirty-seven patients experienced a good response to controlled blocks of the lumbar zygaphyseal (facet) joints. Good result is the pain relief of 50% or more. Fifteen patients experienced a good response with pain relief of eight points or more in the VAS

  10. Therapeutic efficacy of pedicle screw-rod internal fixation after one-stage posterior transforaminal lesion debridement and non-structural bone grafting for tuberculosis of lumbar vertebra

    Jia-ming LIU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pedicle screw-rod internal fixation after one-stage posterior transforaminal lesion debridement and non-structural bone grafting in the treatment of tuberculosis of mono-segmental lumbar vertebra. Methods From January 2010 to April 2013, 21 patients (9 males and 12 females with an average age of 49.1 years with mono-segmental tuberculosis of lumbar vertebra underwent surgery in our hospital were included. Eight patients had neurological deficit. The focus of tuberculosis was located on one side of the vertebral body, and all the patients had obvious signs of bone destruction on CT and MRI. All the patients were given anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy for 2-3 weeks before surgery. The local bone chips and autologous iliac cancellous bone were used as the intervertebral bone graft. Postoperative plain radiographs and CT were obtained to evaluate the fusion rate and degree of lumbar lordosis. The visual analogue scale score (VAS, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, and C-reactive protein (CRP before and after operation, and at final follow-up date were recorded. Results All the patients were followed up for 25.3±4.2 months. The mean operation time was 157±39 minutes, and the average blood loss was 470±143ml. The fusion rate of the interbody bone graft was 95.2%, with an average fusion period of 6.1±2.5 months. The neurological function was improved by 100%, and no severe complication or neurological injury occured. The preoperative and postoperative lordosis angles of the lumbar spine were 21.4°±5.7° and 33.6°±3.1°, respectively, and it was 31.3°±2.7° at the final follow up. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores were 7.8±2.6 and 2.4±1.7 respectively, and it was 0.9±0.7 at the final follow up. The ESR and CRP were significantly decreased 3 months after surgery, and they became normal at 6 months. Conclusion Pedicle screw-rod internal fixation after one-stage posterior transforaminal lesion debridement and non-structural bone grafting is effective and safe in treating mono-segmental lumbar tuberculosis. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2015.11.16

  11. Isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis with sciatica

    Seventeen patients with sciatica and isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis were studied with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In 13, myelography was also performed: 5 had dural sac deformation and root sleeve shortening, 2 had deformation with unilateral root sleeve shortening, one had bilateral root sleeve shortening only, and one had sac deformation only. In 4, myelography was normal. On sagittal MR examinations the neural foramen had an altered shape bilaterally with the long axis horizontal in all cases. In addition to altered shape the following was found in the 33 foramina evaluated. I: Normal nerve (n=8), II: Compressed nerve (n=16); III: Disappearance of fat, nerve not possible to identify (n=9). In patients with unilateral sciatica, the degree of foraminal stenosis correlated well with the side of symptoms. Coronal views showed the course of the nerve and pedicular kinking. Eight patients underwent decompressive surgery which revealed nerve compression by hypertrophic fibrous tissue and pedicular kinking, which correlated well with the findings on MR. Since the site of nerve compression often was peripheral to the root sleeves, myelography did not give complete information. (orig.)

  12. MRI after successful lumbar discectomy

    Goethem, J.W.M. van [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium); Kelft, E. van de [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Antwerp, Edegem (Belgium); Biltjes, I.G.G.M. [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium); Hasselt, B.A.A.M. van [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium); Hauwe, L. van den [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium); Parizel, P.M. [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium); Schepper, A.M.A. de [Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, B-2650 Edegem (Belgium)

    1996-05-01

    Our aim was to establish the normal range of MRI findings after successful lumbar discectomy. We prospectively examined 34 consecutive patients with an excellent clinical outcome by MRI 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery. All examinations included sagittal and axial spin-echo (SE) T1-weighted images before and after intravenous gadolinium-DTPA and fast SE T2-weighted images. Contrast enhancement along the surgical tract was seen in all patients 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery. After 6 months minimal or no mass effect on the dural sac by epidural scar was seen. In 20 % of patients there was recurrent disc herniation, with mass effect. Enhancing nerve roots were seen in 20 % of patients 6 weeks postoperatively, and half of these were associated with recurrent disc herniation at the same side. None of these patients still showed nerve root enhancement 6 months after surgery. Postoperative MRI studies must be interpreted with great care since the features described in the failed back surgery syndrome are also found, to some extent, in asymptomatic postoperative patients. (orig.). With 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Artrodesis cervical mediante fusin intersomtica con hueso autlogo versus espaciador intersomtico en discopata cervical / Cervical arthrodesis by means of interbody fusion with autologous bone and/or interbody spacer for cervical disc disease

    JJ, Salvatori-Rub; AJ, Montiel-Jarqun; RG, Barragn-Hervella; OS, Garca-Daz; A, Pacheco-Espinosa; MA, Snchez-Durn; MI, Domnguez-Cid; MS, Romero-Figueroa; M, Garca-Carrasco.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados de la artrodesis cervical mediante fusin intersomtica con hueso autlogo y/o espaciador intersomtico en discopata cervical. Material y mtodos: Estudio comparativo transversal en 49 pacientes tratados quirrgicamente con artrodesis anterior [...] , en el perodo Enero 2011 a Diciembre 2011; revisin del expediente clnico. Resultados: Incluimos 49 pacientes de los cuales 20 (40.8%) fueron hombres y 29 (59.2%) mujeres; el diagnstico en todos fue patologa discal (hernia cervical) con uno o dos niveles de afectacin; el tiempo quirrgico promedio fue 69.12, mnimo 53 - mximo 110, 19.61 minutos para artrodesis cervical con injerto y promedio 61.18, mnimo 50 - mximo 96.00, 11.38 minutos para artrodesis cervical con espaciador intersomtico (p = 0.00 t de Student); las caractersticas sociodemogrficas, clnicas y complicaciones se muestran. Los pacientes operados con ambas tcnicas tuvieron una adecuada integracin radiolgica, p = 0.015 consideramos estadsticamente significativa una p ? a 0.05, ?. Conclusiones: La integracin sea es buena tanto con la aplicacin de caja intersomtica como con la aplicacin de injerto autlogo de cresta iliaca, en pacientes con patologa discal cervical. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to compare the results of cervical arthrodesis performed through interbody fusion with autologous bone and/or interbody spacer for cervical disc disease. Material and methods: Comparative cross-sectional study that included 49 patients who underwent surgery for anterior [...] arthrodesis between January and December 2011, whose clinical records were reviewed. Results: We included 49 patients: 20 (40.8%) males and 29 (59.2%) females. All of them were diagnosed with disc disease (cervical disc herniation) involving one or two levels. Mean operative time was 69.12, with a minimum of 53 and a maximum of 110 19.61 minutes for cervical arthrodesis with a graft. Mean operative time was 61.18 with a minimum of 50 and a maximum of 96.00 11.38 minutes for cervical arthrodesis with an interbody spacer (p = 0.00, Student t test). Patient sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and complications are shown. Patients in whom both surgical techniques were used had appropriate radiological integration, with p = 0.015, considering p ? a 0.05 as significant, ?2. Conclusions: In patients with cervical disc disease bone integration is appropriate with the use of either an interbody cage or an autologous iliac crest graft.

  14. Descompresso intradiscal lombar percutnea para tratamento de dor discognica / Percutaneous lumbar disc decompression for treatment of discogenic pain / Descompresin percutnea de disco lumbar para tratar el dolor discognico

    Jonas Lenzi de, Araujo; Pedro Grein, Del Santoro; Henrique, Motizuki; Xavier, Soler i Graells; Ed Marcelo, Zaninelli; Marcel Luiz, Benato.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a segurana e os desfechos clnicos de procedimentos de descompresso intradiscal percutnea em pacientes com dor discognica nos quais houve falha do tratamento conservador. Procedimentos cirrgicos minimamente invasivos so uma tendncia de tratamento. METODOS: Estudo retrospecti [...] vo com descrio dos desfechos clnicos de pacientes tratados com NucleoplastyTM e DeKompressorTM, com seguimento de 5 anos. RESULTADOS: Trinta e quatro (n = 34) pacientes foram submetidos a descompresso intradiscal com seguimento mnimo de 5 anos, 21 obtiveram resoluo do quadro lgico, 8 foram submetidos a artrodese intersomtica lombar, um foi submetido a discectomia cirrgica e 4 apresentam dor lombar residual. No ocorreram eventos adversos. CONCLUSO: Foi demonstrada a mesma segurana obtida em outros trabalhos que tambm avaliaram o uso da zona triangular de segurana para procedimentos percutneos. O ndice de sucesso com o procedimento percutneo assemelha-se a outros estudos mais recentes publicados em uma metanlise. A realizao de estudos comparativos, prospectivos e controlados ser til para definir melhor a efetividade dos procedimentos percutneos. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Informe de la seguridad y los resultados clnicos de los procedimientos de descompresin intradiscal percutnea en pacientes con dolor de origen discal que fracas el tratamiento conservador. Tratamientos quirrgicos mnimamente invasivos son una tendencia est OK. METODOS: Estudio retrosp [...] ectivo que describe los resultados clnicos de los pacientes tratados con NucleoplastyTM y DeKompressorTM, con un seguimiento de 5 aos. RESULTADOS: Treinta y cuatro (n = 34) pacientes fueron sometidos a descompresin intradiscal y evaluados por perodo de 5 aos, 21 tuvieron la resolucin del dolor, 8 se sometieron a artrodesis lumbar intersomtica, un paciente fue sometido a una discectoma quirrgica y 4 tienen dolor lumbar residual. No hubo eventos adversos. CONCLUSIN: Se ha demostrado el mismo grado de seguridad alcanzado en otros estudios que tambin evaluaron el uso de la zona triangular de seguridad para procedimientos percutneos. La tasa de xito con el procedimiento percutneo es similar a otros estudios publicados en un reciente meta-anlisis. Los estudios comparativos, prospectivos y controlados sern tiles para definir mejor la eficacia de los procedimientos percutaneous. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Report safety and clinical outcomes of percutaneous intradiscal decompression procedures in patients with discogenic pain that failed conservative treatment. Minimally invasive surgical treatments are a trend. METHODS: A retrospective study describing the clinical outcomes of patients tre [...] ated with NucleoplastyTM and DeKompressorTM, with follow up of 5 years. RESULTS: Thirty-four (n=34) patients underwent intradiscal decompression with a follow-up period of 5 years, 21 had resolution of pain, eight underwent lumbar interbody arthrodesis, one underwent surgical discectomy and 4 had residual back pain. There were no adverse events. CONCLUSION: It was demonstrated the same safety obtained in other studies that also evaluated the use of triangular safety zone for percutaneous procedures. The success rate with the percutaneous procedure is similar to other studies published in a recent meta-analysis. The comparative studies, prospective and controlled will be useful to better define the effectiveness of percutaneous procedures.

  15. Tractography of lumbar nerve roots: initial results

    Balbi, Vincent; Budzik, Jean-Francois; Thuc, Vianney le; Cotten, Anne [Hopital Roger Salengro, Service de Radiologie et d' Imagerie musculo-squelettique, Lille Cedex (France); Duhamel, Alain [Universite de Lille 2, UDSL, Lille (France); Bera-Louville, Anne [Service de Rhumatologie, Hopital Roger Salengro, Lille (France)

    2011-06-15

    The aims of this preliminary study were to demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and fibre tracking (FT) of the lumbar nerve roots, and to assess potential differences in the DTI parameters of the lumbar nerves between healthy volunteers and patients suffering from disc herniation. Nineteen patients with unilateral sciatica related to posterolateral or foraminal disc herniation and 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. DTI with tractography of the L5 or S1 nerves was performed. Mean fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) values were calculated from tractography images. FA and MD values could be obtained from DTI-FT images in all controls and patients. The mean FA value of the compressed lumbar nerve roots was significantly lower than the FA of the contralateral nerve roots (p=0.0001) and of the nerve roots of volunteers (p=0.0001). MD was significantly higher in compressed nerve roots than in the contralateral nerve root (p=0.0002) and in the nerve roots of volunteers (p=0.04). DTI with tractography of the lumbar nerves is possible. Significant changes in diffusion parameters were found in the compressed lumbar nerves. (orig.)

  16. MRI of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: imaging appearance with and without the use of human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)

    Fox, Michael G.; Goldberg, Judd M.; Gaskin, Cree M.; Barr, Michelle S.; Alford, Bennett [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Patrie, James T. [University of Virginia, Department of Public Health Sciences, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Shen, Francis H. [University of Virginia, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

    2014-09-15

    To describe the vertebral endplate and intervertebral disc space MRI appearance following TLIF, with and without the use of rhBMP-2, and to determine if the appearance is concerning for discitis/osteomyelitis. After institutional review board approval, 116 TLIF assessments performed on 75 patients with rhBMP-2 were retrospectively and independently reviewed by five radiologists and compared to 73 TLIF assessments performed on 45 patients without rhBMP-2. MRIs were evaluated for endplate signal, disc space enhancement, disc space fluid, and abnormal paraspinal soft tissue. Endplate edema-like signal was reported when T1-weighted hypointensity, T2-weighted hyperintensity, and endplate enhancement were present. Subjective concern for discitis/osteomyelitis on MRI was graded on a five-point scale. Generalized estimating equation binomial regression model analysis was performed with findings correlated with rhBMP-2 use, TLIF level, graft type, and days between TLIF and MRI. The rhBMP-2 group demonstrated endplate edema-like signal (OR 5.66; 95 % CI [1.58, 20.24], p = 0.008) and disc space enhancement (OR 2.40; 95 % CI [1.20, 4.80], p = 0.013) more often after adjusting for the TLIF level, graft type, and the number of days following TLIF. Both groups had a similar temporal distribution for endplate edema-like signal but disc space enhancement peaked earlier in the rhBMP-2 group. Disc space fluid was only present in the rhBMP-2 group. Neither group demonstrated abnormal paraspinal soft tissue and discitis/osteomyelitis was not considered likely in any patient. Endplate edema-like signal and disc space enhancement were significantly more frequent and disc space enhancement developed more rapidly following TLIF when rhBMP-2 was utilized. The concern for discitis/osteomyelitis was similar and minimal in both groups. (orig.)

  17. Using Provocative Discography and Computed Tomography to Select Patients with Refractory Discogenic Low Back Pain for Lumbar Fusion Surgery.

    Xi, Mengqiao Alan; Tong, Henry C; Fahim, Daniel K; Perez-Cruet, Mick

    2016-01-01

    Background Context Controversy remains over the use of provocative discography in conjunction with computed tomography (CT) to locate symptomatic intervertebral discs in patients with chronic, low back pain (LBP). The current study explores the relationship between discogenic pain and disc morphology using discography and CT, respectively, and investigates the efficacy of this combined method in identifying surgical candidates for lumbar fusion by evaluating outcomes. Methods 43 consecutive patients between 2006 and 2013 who presented with refractory low back pain and underwent discography and CT were enrolled in the study. For this study, "refractory LBP" was defined as pain symptoms that persisted or worsened after 6 months of non-operative treatments. Concordant pain was defined as discography-provoked LBP of similar character and location with an intensity of ≥ 8/10. Fusion candidates demonstrated positive-level discography and concordant annular tears on CT at no more than two contiguous levels, and at least one negative control disc with intact annulus. Surgical outcomes were statistically analyzed using Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) for back-related pain and disability preoperatively, and 2 weeks, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Results Annular tears were found in 87 discs. Concordant pain was reported by 9 (20.9%) patients at L3-L4, 21 (50.0%) at L4-L5, and 34 (82.9%) at L5-S1; pain occurred significantly more often in discs with annular tears than those without (pmaterial. Median follow-up time was 18 months (range: 12-78 months). VAS, ODI, and SF-36 scores demonstrated significant improvements at 10 out of 12 postoperative time points compared with preoperative baseline. Conclusions Lumbar discography with post-discography CT can be an effective method to evaluate patients with discogenic back pain refractory to non-operative treatments. Those patients with one- or two-level high concordant pain scores with associated annular tears and negative control disc represent good surgical candidates for lumbar interbody spinal fusion. PMID:27026838

  18. Biomechanical effects of polyaxial pedicle screw fixation on the lumbosacral segments with an anterior interbody cage support

    Chen Hsiang-Ho

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lumbosacral fusion is a relatively common procedure that is used in the management of an unstable spine. The anterior interbody cage has been involved to enhance the stability of a pedicle screw construct used at the lumbosacral junction. Biomechanical differences between polyaxial and monoaxial pedicle screws linked with various rod contours were investigated to analyze the respective effects on overall construct stiffness, cage strain, rod strain, and contact ratios at the vertebra-cage junction. Methods A synthetic model composed of two ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene blocks was used with four titanium pedicle screws (two in each block and two rods fixation to build the spinal construct along with an anterior interbody cage support. For each pair of the construct fixed with polyaxial or monoaxial screws, the linked rods were set at four configurations to simulate 0°, 7°, 14°, and 21° lordosis on the sagittal plane, and a compressive load of 300 N was applied. Strain gauges were attached to the posterior surface of the cage and to the central area of the left connecting rod. Also, the contact area between the block and the cage was measured using prescale Fuji super low pressure film for compression, flexion, lateral bending and torsion tests. Results Our main findings in the experiments with an anterior interbody cage support are as follows: 1 large segmental lordosis can decrease the stiffness of monoaxial pedicle screws constructs; 2 polyaxial screws rather than monoaxial screws combined with the cage fixation provide higher compression and flexion stiffness in 21° segmental lordosis; 3 polyaxial screws enhance the contact surface of the cage in 21° segmental lordosis. Conclusion Polyaxial screws system used in conjunction with anterior cage support yields higher contact ratio, compression and flexion stiffness of spinal constructs than monoaxial screws system does in the same model when the spinal segment is set at large lordotic angles. Polyaxial pedicle screw fixation performs nearly equal percentages of vertebra-cage contact among all constructs with different sagittal alignments, therefore enhances the stabilization effect of interbody cages in the lumbosacral area.

  19. Sensitivity of lumbar spine loading to anatomical parameters

    Putzer, Michael; Ehrlich, Ingo; Rasmussen, John; Gebbeken, Norbert; Dendorfer, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Musculoskeletal simulations of lumbar spine loading rely on a geometrical representation of the anatomy. However, this data has an inherent inaccuracy. This study evaluates the in uence of dened geometrical parameters on lumbar spine loading utilizing ve parametrized musculoskeletal lumbar spine ...

  20. Sensitivity of lumbar spine loading to anatomical parameters

    Putzer, Michael; Ehrlich, Ingo; Rasmussen, John; Gebbeken, Norbert; Dendorfer, Sebastian

    2015-01-01

    Musculoskeletal simulations of lumbar spine loading rely on a geometrical representation of the anatomy. However, this data has an inherent inaccuracy. This study evaluates the in uence of dened geometrical parameters on lumbar spine loading utilizing ve parametrized musculoskeletal lumbar spine ...

  1. 49 CFR 572.19 - Lumbar spine, abdomen and pelvis.

    2010-10-01

    ..., the lumbar spine assembly shall flex by an amount that permits the rigid thoracic spine to rotate from... that at 40 degrees of the lumbar spine flexion the applied force is perpendicular to the thoracic spine... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Lumbar spine, abdomen and pelvis. 572.19...

  2. Cervical Meningomyelitis After Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection.

    Lee, Yujin; Kim, Joon-Sung; Kim, Ji Yeon

    2015-06-01

    Epidural steroid injections (ESI) are a common treatment for back pain management. ESI-related complications have increased with the growing number of procedures. We report a case of cervical meningomyelitis followed by multiple lumbar ESI. A 60-year-old male with diabetes mellitus presented to our hospital with severe neck pain. He had a history of multiple lumbar injections from a local pain clinic. After admission, high fever and elevated inflammatory values were detected. L-spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed hematoma in the S1 epidural space. Antibiotic treatment began under the diagnosis of a lumbar epidural abscess. Despite the treatment, he started to complain of weakness in both lower extremities. Three days later, the weakness progressed to both upper extremities. C-spine MRI revealed cervical leptomeningeal enhancement in the medulla oblongata and cervical spinal cord. Removal of the epidural abscess was performed, but there was no neurological improvement. PMID:26161360

  3. Interlaminar decompression in lumbar canal stenosis.

    Patond K

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Opinion is still divided over a standard surgical procedure to decompress lumbar canal stenosis. Both, laminectomy with or without facetectomy and foraminotomy and interlaminar fenestration have been advocated. In the present communication interlaminar decompression in lumbar canal stenosis has been discussed. Sixteen consecutive patients (7 males and 9 females with clinical, neurological and radiological features of lumbar canal stenosis were treated by interlaminar (fenestration decompression. The age of onset of symptoms ranged between 22-57 years. Adjoining lamina around interlaminar space of involved segment along with ligamentum flavum and part of facet joint (undercutting facetectomy, extending laterally (foraminotomy were removed at single or multiple levels. Follow-up response (93.7% over a period of two and half years showed the results as good in 73.3% and fair in 26.7% of cases, with uniformly uneventful post-operative period.

  4. Short-term alendronate treatment does not maintain a residual effect on spinal fusion with interbody devices and bone graft after treatment withdrawal

    Huang, Baoding; Zou, Xuenong; Li, Haisheng; Xue, Qingyun; Bnger, Cody

    2013-01-01

    Whether alendronate treatment has a residual effect on bone ingrowth into porous biomaterial in humans or experimental animals after treatment withdrawal is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate bone ingrowth into porous tantalum and carbon fiber interbody implants after...

  5. Adverse Event Recording and Reporting in Clinical Trials Comparing Lumbar Disk Replacement with Lumbar Fusion: A Systematic Review

    Hiratzka, Jayme; Rastegar, Farbod; Contag, Alec G.; Norvell, Daniel C.; Anderson, Paul A.; Hart, Robert A.

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Systematic review. Objectives (1) To compare the quality of adverse event (AE) methodology and reporting among randomized trials comparing lumbar fusion with lumbar total disk replacement (TDR) using established AE reporting systems; (2) to compare the AEs and reoperations of lumbar spinal fusion with those from lumbar TDR; (3) to make recommendations on how to report AEs in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) so that surgeons and patients have more-detailed and comprehensive inf...

  6. [Lumbar disc herniation and andrological diseases].

    Jin, Bao-fang

    2015-10-01

    Lumbar disc herniation is a common male disease. In the past, More academic attention was directed to its relationship with lumbago and leg pain than to its association with andrological diseases. Studies show that central lumber intervertebral disc herniation may cause cauda equina injury and result in premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, priapism, and emission. This article presents an overview on the correlation between central lumbar intervertebral disc herniation and andrological diseases, focusing on the aspects of etiology, pathology, and clinical progress, hoping to invite more attention from andrological and osteological clinicians. PMID:26665671

  7. Microdiscectomy for a Paracentral Lumbar Herniated Disk.

    Millhouse, Paul W; Schroeder, Gregory D; Kurd, Mark F; Kepler, Christopher K; Vaccaro, Alexander R; Savage, Jason W

    2016-02-01

    Lumbar disk herniations occur frequently and are often associated with leg pain, weakness, and paresthesias. Fortunately, the natural outcomes of radiculopathy due to a disk herniation are generally favorable, and the vast majority of patients improve with nonoperative care. Surgical intervention is reserved for patients who have significant pain that is refractory to at least 6 weeks of conservative care, patients who have a severe or progressive motor deficit, or patients who have any symptoms of bowel or bladder dysfunction. This paper reviews the preoperative and postoperative considerations, as well as the surgical technique, for a microdiscectomy for a lumbar intervertebral disk herniation. PMID:26710186

  8. Adjacent Instability after Instrumented Lumbar Fusion.

    Wen-Jer Chen

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available The invention of pedicle screw instrumentation has greatly improved outcomes ofspinal fusion, which has become the treatment of choice for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Asresearchers accumulate experience, both theoretical and clinical advances are continuallybeing reported. A review of the literature and the experience of the authors show that thedevelopment of adjacent instability, as in the breakdown of a neighboring unfixed motionsegment, is a common consequence of an instrumented lumbar spine. This article reviewsthe risk factors and surgical treatment of adjacent instability. The authors believe that properpreoperative planning and complete surgical procedures are imperative to prevent adjacentinstability. For those who need revision surgery, meticulous surgical techniques can achievesatisfactory results.

  9. Changing the needle for lumbar punctures

    Engedal, Thorbjørn Søndergaard; Ording, H.; Vilholm, O. J.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common complication of diagnostic lumbar punctures. Both a non-cutting needle design and the use of smaller size needles have been shown to greatly reduce the risk of PDPH. Nevertheless, larger cutting needles are still widely used. This study...... the occurrence of socioeconomic complications were acquired from a standardized questionnaire. Results: 651 patients scheduled for diagnostic lumbar punctures were screened for participation and 501 patients were included. The response rate was 80% in both phases. In phase 2, significant reductions...

  10. Effect of Lumbar Disc Degeneration and Low-Back Pain on the Lumbar Lordosis in Supine and Standing

    Hansen, Bjarke B; Bendix, Tom; Grindsted, Jacob; Bliddal, Henning; Christensen, Robin; Hansen, Philip; Riis, Robert G C; Boesen, Mikael

    2015-01-01

    STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of low-back pain (LBP) and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) on the lumbar lordosis in weight-bearing positional magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The lumbar lordosis increases with a change of...

  11. Percutaneous fusion of lumbar facet with bone allograft

    Félix Dolorit Verdecia

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of the cases treated with percutaneous facet fusion with bone allograft in lumbar facet disease. METHOD: Between 2010 and 2014, 100 patients (59 women and 41 men diagnosed with lumbar facet disease underwent surgery. RESULTS: The lumbar facet fusion with bone allograft shows good clinical results, is performed on an outpatient basis, and presents minimal complications and rapid incorporation of the patient to the activities of daily living. CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar facet fusion with bone allograft appears to be an effective treatment for lumbar facet disease.

  12. Lumbar microdiscectomy and lumbar decompression improve functional outcomes and depression scores

    Tharin, Suzanne; Mayer, Eric; Krishnaney, Ajit

    2012-01-01

    Study design:  Retrospective review. Introduction:  Lumbar radiculopathy and claudicant leg pain are common degenerative spinal conditions often treated by elective microdiscectomy or decompression. Published outcome data for these procedures have focused on improvement in pain scores, and not on grounded functional outcome or depression scores.1,2,3 Moreover, depression is considered by many surgeons to be a red flag for poor outcome for surgical treatment. We asked what effect lumbar microd...

  13. Lumbar Puncture for First Simple Febrile Seizure

    J Gordon Millichap

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Compliance with American Academy of Pediatrics consensus statement recommendations regarding lumbar puncture for infants 6-18 months of age with a first simple febrile seizure was investigated by a retrospective review of 704 infants evaluated in the pediatric emergency medicine division at Childrens Hospital Boston, MA, Oct 1995-Oct 2006.

  14. Lumbar discitis caused by Clostridium perfringens.

    Lotte, Romain; Popoff, M R; Degand, Nicolas; Lotte, Laurene; Bouvet, Philippe; Baudin, Guillaume; Cua, Eric; Roger, Pierre-Marie; Ruimy, Raymond

    2014-10-01

    We report here a rare case of chronic lumbar discitis caused by Clostridium perfringens in an elderly patient that was treated with a combination of ?-lactams and clindamycin. Molecular analysis performed on the strain revealed an unusual toxin gene pattern. PMID:25056327

  15. A case of inferior lumbar hernia

    Vidhyasagar M. Sharma

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article we report a case of inferior lumbar hernia. The patient underwent preperitoneal meshplasty. The patient is well on follow up with no recurrence. The relevant literature has been reviewed and management discussed in brief. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(1.000: 33-35

  16. Lumbar paraspinal muscle morphometry and its correlations with demographic and radiological factors in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: a retrospective review of 120 surgically managed cases.

    Thakar, Sumit; Sivaraju, Laxminadh; Aryan, Saritha; Mohan, Dilip; Sai Kiran, Narayanam Anantha; Hegde, Alangar S

    2016-05-01

    OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of lumbar paraspinal muscles in adults with isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS), to compare them with those in the normative population, and to evaluate their correlations with demographic factors and MRI changes in various spinal elements. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective study of patients who had undergone posterior lumbar interbody fusion for IS, and 2 of the authors acting as independent observers calculated the CSAs of various lumbar paraspinal muscles (psoas, erector spinae [ES], multifidus [MF]) on preoperative axial T2-weighted MR images from the L-3 to L-5 vertebral levels and computed the CSAs as ratios with respect to the corresponding vertebral body areas. These values were then compared with those in an age- and sex-matched normative population and were analyzed with respect to age, sex, duration of symptoms, grade of listhesis, and various MRI changes at the level of the listhesis (pedicle signal change, disc degeneration, and facetal arthropathy). RESULTS Compared with values in normative controls, the mean CSA value for the ES muscle was significantly higher in the study cohort of 120 patients (p = 0.002), whereas that for the MF muscle was significantly lower (p = 0.009), and more so in the patients with PSC (p = 0.002). Magnetic resonance imaging signal change in the pedicle was seen in half of the patients, all of whom demonstrated a Type 2 change. Of the variables tested in a multivariate analysis, age independently predicted lower area values for all 3 muscles (p ≤ 0.001), whereas female sex predicted a lower mean psoas area value (p muscle area values. A decrease in the mean MF muscle area value alone was associated with a significantly increased likelihood of a PSC (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS Compared with normative controls, patients with IS suffer selective atrophy of their MF muscle, whereas their ES muscle undergoes a compensatory hypertrophy. Advancing age has a detrimental effect on the areas of the lumbar PSMs, whereas female sex predisposes to a decreased psoas muscle area. Multifidus muscle atrophy correlates with PSC, indicating the role of this deep stabilizer in the biomechanical stability of spondylolisthetic spines. This may be of clinical significance in targeted physiotherapy programs during the conservative management of IS. PMID:26771373

  17. Endoscopic inter laminar management of lumbar disease

    Yadav, Yad Ram; Parihar, Vijay; Kher, Yatin; Bhatele, Pushp Raj

    2016-01-01

    Discectomy for lumbar disc provides faster relief in acute attack than does conservative management. Long-term results of open, microscopy-, and endoscopy-assisted discectomy are same. Early results of endoscopy-assisted surgery are better as compared to that of open surgery in terms of better visualization, smaller incision, reduced hospital stay, better education, lower cost, less pain, early return to work, and rehabilitation. Although microscopic discectomy also has comparable advantages, endoscopic-assisted technique better addresses opposite side pathology. Inter laminar technique (ILT) and trans foraminal technique (TFT) are two main endoscopic approaches for lumbar pathologies. Endoscopy-assisted ILT can be performed in recurrent, migrated, and calcified discs. All lumbar levels including L5-S1 level, intracanalicular, foraminal disc, lumbar canal and lateral recess stenosis, multiple levels, and bilateral lesions can be managed by ILT. Migrated, calcified discs, L5-S1 pathology, lumbar canal, and lateral recess stenosis can be better approached by ILT than by TFT. Most spinal surgeons are familiar with anatomy of ILT. It can be safely performed in foramen stenosis and in uncooperative and anxious patients. There is less risk of exiting nerve root damage, especially in short pedicles and in presence of facet osteophytes as compared to TFT. On the other hand, ILT is more invasive than TFT with more chances of perforations of the dura matter, pseudomeningocele formation, and cerebrospinal fluid fistula in early learning curve. Obtaining microsurgical experience, attending workshops, and suitable patient selection can help shorten the learning curve. Once adequate skill is acquired, this procedure is safe and effective. The surgeon must be prepared to convert to an open procedure, especially in early learning curve. Spinal endoscopy is likely to achieve more roles in future. Endoscopy-assisted ILT is a safer alternative to the microscopic technique. PMID:26889271

  18. Dolor lumbar agudo: mecanismos, enfoque y tratamiento

    Marco Tulio Mahecha Toro

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El dolor lumbar agudo tiene un gran impacto socioeconómico a nivel mundial, esto lo constituye en un problema de salud pública. En nuestro país su ocurrencia es muy similar a la de otras latitudes. A lo largo de la historia se ha considerado como un “precio” que debemos pagar los mamíferos bipedestres de importante longevidad. Comparte sus mecanismos fisiopatológicos con los otros tipos de dolor agudo. Sin embargo, en la gran mayoría de los casos, implica un reto determinar su origen patológico estructural exacto. El adecuado enfoque del paciente con lumbalgia aguda, garantiza su adecuado tratamiento. Su diagnóstico requiere de una evaluación clínica exhaustiva, con el fin de clasificarlo en uno de estos tres grupos: dolor lumbar potencialmente asociado a radiculopatía (irradiado, dolor lumbar potencialmente asociado a condición específica (específico o dolor lumbar no específico (simple. Los estudios imagenológicos deben limitarse a los pacientes que tienen signos de alarma, aquellos que no se encuentran en el grupo de lumbalgia inespecífica. La evidencia actual sugiere que el tratamiento farmacológico con Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos (AINEs y Acetaminofen debe ser el de primera línea en dolor lumbar agudo. Su pronóstico es benigno en la mayoría de los casos.

  19. Effects of facet tropism and disk degeneration on far lateral lumbar disk herniation. Comparison with posterolateral lumbar disk herniation

    Differences in facet tropism and disk degeneration were investigated as key factors distinguishing the development of far lateral lumbar disk herniation from that of posterolateral lumbar disk herniation in 46 patients with far lateral lumbar disk herniation individually matched with 46 patients with posterolateral lumbar disk herniation. Preoperative standing body height, body weight, and body mass index were compared. Facet tropism was measured using computed tomography and disk degeneration was evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging. Mean body mass index showed a significant difference between patients with the far lateral and posterolateral lumbar disk herniation (24.92.7 vs. 23.72.3 kg/m2, p=0.04). However, no significant differences were found in standing body height and body weight, facet tropism, or disk degeneration between two groups. Neither facet tropism nor disk degeneration are involved in distinguishing the development of far lateral lumbar disk herniation from that of posterolateral lumbar disk herniation. (author)

  20. Clinical application of percutaneous lumbar puncture to treat sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation under CT guidance

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the percutaneous lumbar puncture to treat sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation. Methods: 75 cases of lumbar disc herniation with significant clinical signs were confirmed by CT scan. The technique of the percutaneous lumbar puncture led the needle to approach nerve root and injected medicine diffusing into extraduramater, and then relieved the symptom of sciatica. Results: The rate of success of percutaneous lumbar puncture guided by CT reached to 100%. After two weeks of follow-up, the symptom of pain was obviously improved and disappeared in 63.3% cases. There were 23.0% cases needed a second procedure, and no change was obsesved in 9.3% cases. Conclusions: The percutaneous lumbar puncture guided by CT to treat sciatica resulted from lumbar disc herniation is one of the safe, reliable, effective new methods with no complication. The long term effectiveness is still in need of investigation. (authors)

  1. General practitioners' willingness to request plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations

    Objectives: To examine general practitioners' attitudes to plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations. Design: A postal questionnaire consisting of questions on background data and doctors' opinions about plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations, as well as eight vignettes (imaginary patient cases) presenting indications for lumbar radiography, and five vignettes focusing on the doctors' willingness to request lumbar radiography on the basis of patients' age and duration of symptoms. The data were analysed according to the doctor's age, sex, workplace and the medical school of graduation. Setting: Finland. Subjects: Six hundred and fifteen randomly selected physicians working in primary health care (64% of original target group). Results: The vignettes revealed that the use of plain lumbar radiographic examination varied between 26 and 88%. Patient's age and radiation protection were the most prominent factors influencing doctors' decisions to request lumbar radiographies. Only slight differences were observed between the attitudes of male and female doctors, as well as between young and older doctors. Doctors' willingness to request lumbar radiographies increased with the patient's age in most vignettes. The duration of patients' symptoms had a dramatic effect on the doctor's decision: in all vignettes, doctors were more likely to request lumbar radiography when patient's symptoms had exceeded 4 weeks. Conclusions: General practitioners commonly use plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations, despite its limited value in the diagnosis of low back pain. Further consensus and medical education is needed to clarify the indications for plain lumbar radiographic examination

  2. Functional implications of variation in lumbar vertebral count among hominins.

    Whitcome, Katherine K

    2012-04-01

    As early as the 1970s, Robinson defined lumbar vertebrae according to their zygapophyseal orientation. He identified six lumbar elements in fossil Sts 14 Australopithecus africanus, one more than is commonly present in modern humans. It is now generally inferred that the modal number of lumbar vertebrae for australopiths and early Homo was six, from which the mode of five in later Homo is derived. The two central questions this study investigates are (1) to what extent do differences in human lumbar vertebral count affect lordotic shape and lumbar function, and (2) what does lumbar number variation imply about lumbar spine function in early hominins? To address these questions, I first outline a biomechanical model of lumbar number effect on lordotic function. I then identify relevant morphological differences in the human modal and extra-modal variants, which I use to test the model. These tests permit evaluation of the human L6 variant as a model for reconstructing early hominin modal number and spine function. Application of the biomechanical model in reconstructing australopith/early Homo lumbar spines highlights shared principles of Euler column strength and sagittal spine flexibility among early and modern hominins. Within modern humans, the extra-modal L6 variant has an extended series of three cranially positioned kyphotic vertebrae and strongly oblique zygapophyseal facets at the last lumbar level. Although they share the same radius and length of lumbar curvature, the L6 variant differs functionally from the L5 mode in its expanded range of sagittal flexion/extension and enhanced resistance to shear. Given the modal number of six lumbar vertebrae in australopiths and early Homo, lumbar spine mobility and strength would have been key properties of vertebral function in early bipeds whose upper and lower body segments were coupled by close approximation of the thorax and iliac crests. PMID:22425070

  3. Effects of lumbar stabilization exercise on functional disability and lumbar lordosis angle in patients with chronic low back pain

    Cho, Igsoo; Jeon, Chunbae; Lee, Sangyong; Lee, Daehee; Hwangbo, Gak

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study examined the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises on the functional disability and lumbar lordosis angles in patients with chronic low back pain. [Subjects] The subjects were 30 patients with chronic low back pain divided into a lumbar stabilization exercise group (n = 15) and a conservative treatment group (n = 15). [Methods] The lumbar stabilization exercise and conservative treatment groups performed an exercise program and conservative physical treatment, respectively. Both programs were performed 3 times a week for 6 weeks. The degree of functional disability was assessed by the Oswestry disability index, and lumbar lordosis angles were measured by plain radiography. [Results] The Oswestry disability index decreased significantly in the both groups; however, it was significantly lower in the lumbar stabilization exercise group. The lumbar lordosis angle increased significantly in the lumbar stabilization exercise group after treatment and was also significantly greater than that in the conservative treatment group. [Conclusion] Lumbar stabilization exercise is more effective than conservative treatment for improving functional disability and lumbar lordosis angles. PMID:26180363

  4. CT recognition of lateral lumbar disk herniation

    Although computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be useful in diagnosing posterolateral and central lumbar disk herniations, its effectiveness in demonstrating lateral herniated disks has not been emphasized. The myelographic recognition of those herniations may be difficult because root sheaths or dural sacs may not be deformed. A total of 274 CT scans interpreted as showing lumbar disk herniation was reviewed. Fourteen (5%) showed a lateral disk herniation. The CT features of a lateral herniated disk included: (1) focal protrusion of the disk margin within or lateral to the intervertebral foramen: (2) displacement of epidural fat within the intervertebral foramen; (3) absence of dural sac deformity; and (4) soft-tissue mass within or lateral to the intervertebral foramen. Because it can image the disk margin and free disk fragments irrespective of dural sac or root sheath deformity, CT may be more effective than myelography for demonstrating the presence and extent of lateral disk herniation

  5. Pressurizing intradiscal injection for lumbar disc herniation

    We report the clinical results of pressurizing injection into the intervertebral disc for lumbar disc herniation in 57 cases in which conservative treatment was ineffective. The average interval between the onset of symptoms and the pressurizing injection was 7.7 weeks. The needle is inserted under fluoroscopic guidance. Normal saline is injected after injecting contrast medium. We recorded the presence of radiating pain and the contrast discography findings. The pressurizing injection was very effective in 17 cases (30%), effective in 24 cases (42%), and in effective in 14 cases (25%), and in 2 cases (3%) the symptoms were aggravated. It was effective in 85% of the herniations at L4/5 and in 88% of the sequestration type herniations. There was no worsening of motor or sensory status. Pressurizing injection for lumbar disc herniation is safe and worth trying when ordinary conservative treatment is ineffective. (author)

  6. Clinical trial of iohexol in lumbar myelography

    Iohexol containing 180 mg I/ml was used in 20 patients for lumbar myelography. By using an adequate volume up to a maximum of 15 ml, satisfactory films were obtained in all cases. Minor or moderate adverse effects occurred in 4 patients. There were no changes in vital signs or neurologic examination related to the examinations. No patient had difficulty with concentration, personality changes or seizures. Later encephalographies performed in all patients before and during 24 h after the iohexol injections, showed no seizure or abnormal activity or any significant change. Repeated lumbar puncture was performed in 9 patients 24 h after the injection of iohexol. One of these, a patient with symptoms due to disc prolapse, whose CSF was abnormal before the myelography, had a slightly increased cellular response. There was no significant change in any of the other patients. Iohexol is a very satisfactory contrast medium for myelography and compared favorably with other non-ionic contrast media. (Auth.)

  7. Oriental Medical Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

    Hae-Yeon Lee

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar spinal stenosis results from the progressive combined narrowing of the central spinal canal, the neurorecesses, and the neuroforaminal canals. In the absence of prior surgery, tumor, or infection, the spinal canal may become narrowed by bulging or protrusion of the intervertebral disc annulus, herniation of the nucleus pulposis posteriorly, thickening of the posterior longitudinal ligament, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum, epidural fat deposition, spondylosis of the intervertebral disc margins, or a combination of two or more of the above factors. Patients with spinal stenosis become symptomatic when pain, motor weakness, paresthesia, or other neurologic compromise causes distress. In one case, we administrated oriental medical treatment with acupuncture treatment and herb-medicine. Oriental medical treatment showed desirable effect on lumbar spinal stenosis.

  8. The imaging of lumbar spinal stenosis review

    Saifuddin, A

    2000-08-01

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a relatively common condition of varied aetiology which results in chronic compression of the cauda equina. It becomes clinically relevant when giving rise to symptoms of neurogenic claudication or leg pain. Lumbar spinal stenosis can be classified based on anatomy or aetiology and the diagnosis in any single case should include a consideration of both the site and the cause. Plain radiography is of limited value. Myelography with erect lateral flexion/extension views will demonstrate the dynamic component of the stenosis which cannot be appreciated on plain computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Therefore, in patients with a good history of symptomatic LSS, and a borderline stenosis on MRI, CT myelography is recommended as the definitive pre-operative imaging investigation. Saifuddin, A. (2000)

  9. Etiologa, cronificacin y tratamiento del dolor lumbar

    M. Isabel Casado Morales

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El dolor lumbar es un problema que afecta en torno al 70-80 % de la poblacin general en algn momento de su vida, de los que un 15 % aproximadamente tienen un origen claro, pero el resto, se considera inespecfico o inclasificable, siendo en estos casos donde el tratamiento convencional ha fracasado. En el origen de este dolor lumbar inespecfico se encuentran factores biolgicos, psicolgicos y sociales y factores como las conductas de dolor y otros procesos de aprendizaje que influyen en su proceso de cronificacin. Es el mayor responsable de incapacidad y de absentismo laboral con el consiguiente elevado coste econmico y deterioro en la calidad de vida de quienes lo padecen. Los tratamientos clnicos deben unificarse para aumentar su eficacia, evitar los procesos de cronificacin y reducir los costes econmicos.

  10. Lumbar disc cyst with contralateral radiculopathy

    Kishore Tourani; Belman Murali; Akshay Sahoo; Dandu Ravi Varma; Narayan Prasad

    2012-01-01

    Disc cysts are uncommon intraspinal cystic lesions located in the ventrolateral epidural space. They communicate with the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc and cause symptoms by radicular compression. We report a unique case of lumbar disc cyst that was associated with disc herniation and contralateral radiculopathy. A 22 year old male presented with one month history of back-ache radiating to the left leg. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed L3-L4 disc herniation with annular t...

  11. Outpatient Treatment of Lumbar Disc Sciatica

    Swezey, Robert L.; Crittenden, James O.; Swezey, Annette M.

    1986-01-01

    Of 47 patients with lumbar disc disease and sciatic radiculopathy (L-5 or S-1), 39 were successfully managed at home and as outpatients in an ambulatory care facility designed for the treatment of arthritis and back pain. When these patients were evaluated one to three years following discharge, they maintained their maximum level of activity and functional improvement noted at discharge. The average total cost per patient including physician's fees, x-rays, laboratory and therapy was approxi...

  12. Endoscopic posterior decompression of lumbar canal stenosis

    Yad Ram Yadav; Nishtha Yadav; Vijay Parihar; Yatin Kher; Shailendra Ratre

    2013-01-01

    Lumbar canal stenosis (LCS) is quite common. Surgery is indicated when patient fails to improve after conservative treatment. Endoscopic technique can be used in LCS and lateral recess stenosis. It can be performed in degenerative canal stenosis or with disc bulges. Bilateral severe bony canal stenosis and unstable spine are the contraindications. This procedure should be avoided in patients with a history of trauma. Detailed history and thorough physical examination should be performed to fi...

  13. Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis after Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy

    Choi, Kyeong-Bo; Lee, Choon-Dae; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2010-01-01

    We reviewed 9 cases of pyogenic spondylodiscitis following percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD). Microbiologic cultures revealed 6 causative organisms. Five patients were managed conservatively and four were treated surgically. The mean follow-up period was 20.6 months and the average length of hospitalization was 24 days. Radiological evidence of spinal fusion was noted and infection was resolved in all patients. Although PELD is a safe and effective procedure, the possibility of...

  14. Congenital Osseus Bridging of Lumbar Transverse Processes

    Kim, Jae Ho; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2012-01-01

    Osseous bridging between lumbar transverse processes is an uncommon condition that may cause low back pain. In most cases, its etiology is alleged to be trauma to the back and only rarely has a congenital origin been indicated. Furthermore, most reported cases involved adults, the majority of whom were middle-aged. Here, the authors describe the case of the youngest girl reported to date with congenital transverse process bridging. As far as the authors' knowledge, there has been no report of...

  15. Primary lumbar hernia: A rarely encountered hernia

    Sharada Sundaramurthy; H.B. Suresh; A.V. Anirudh; Anthony Prakash Rozario

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Lumbar hernia is an uncommon abdominal wall hernia, making its diagnosis and management a challenge to the treating surgeon. Presentation may be misleading and diagnosis often missed. An imaging study forms an indispensable aid in the diagnosis and surgery is the only treatment option. Presentation of case: A 42 year old male presented with history of pain in lower back of 4 years duration and was being treated symptomatically over 4 years with analgesics and physiotherapy. H...

  16. Dynamic stabilization of the lumbar spine.

    Cakir, Balkan; Richter, Marcus; Huch, Klaus; Puhl, Wolfhart; Schmidt, Ren

    2006-08-01

    This study analyzed the outcome of patients treated with total disk replacement and posterior dynamic stabilization. For pathologies of different origin, dynamic stabilization of the lumbar spine is a novel alternative to fusion surgery. Although a physiological reconstruction of the sagittal profile was not always achieved, improvement was seen in all subscales of the clinical outcome measures in both treatment groups. Posterior dynamic stabilization and total disk replacement are promising alternatives to fusion with acceptable morbidity for strictly defined indications. PMID:16924866

  17. Lumbar plexopathy after radical nephrectomy -A case report-

    Lee, Young-Bok; Jeong, Eui-Kyun; Park, Jong Taek

    2012-01-01

    Lumbar plexopathy is characterized by an abrupt onset of sensory disturbances, weakness, and loss of deep tendon reflexes of lower extremities. The various causes of lumbar plexopathy include trauma, infections, space-occupying lesion, vascular diseases, metabolic diseases, and the use of drugs such as heroin. Postoperative rhabdomyolysis occurs secondary to prolonged muscle compression due to surgical positioning. Herein, we report a case of lumbar plexopathy, complicating an injury to the p...

  18. Total Disc Arthroplasty for Treating Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

    Mostofi, Keyvan

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Lumber disc arthroplasty is a technological advancement that has occurred in the last decade to treat lumbar degenerative disk diseases. Purpose The aim of this retrospective study was to establish the impact and outcomes of managing patients with lumbar degenerative disk disease who have been treated with lumbar total disc arthroplasty (TDA). Overview of Literature Several studies have shown promising results following this surgery. Methods We reviewed the files of 104 patients ...

  19. Heterotopic Ossification Causing Radiculopathy after Lumbar Total Disc Arthroplasty

    Jackson, Keith L.; Hire, Justin M.; Jacobs, Jeremy M.; Key, Charles C.; DeVine, John G.

    2015-01-01

    To date, no reports have presented radiculopathy secondary to heterotopic ossification following lumbar total disc arthroplasty. The authors present a previously unpublished complication of lumbar total disk arthroplasty (TDA) secondary to heterotopic ossification (HO) in the spinal canal, and they propose a modification to the McAfee classification of HO. The patient had undergone an L5/S1 lumbar TDA two years prior due to discogenic back pain. His preoperative back pain was significantly re...

  20. Spontaneous Regression of Lumbar Disc Herniation: Report of Two Cases

    Mehmet ŞENOĞLU; Kasım Zafer YÜKSEL; Mürvet YÜKSEL

    2006-01-01

    Spontaneous disc regression is described in lumbar, thoracic, cervical regions and also in various clinical situations. Although, spontaneous regression of lumbar disc herniation is a well defined clinical situation, the exact mechanism has not been adequately clarified yet. Currently , there are some suggested hypotheses. In this study, two cases with the complaint of lumbar radiculopathy and spontaneous regression of the disc herniation during their follow-up period, relevant with their cli...

  1. Lumbar radiculopathy caused by foraminal stenosis in rheumatoid arthritis

    Koakutsu, Tomoaki; Morozumi, Naoki; Koizumi, Yutaka; Ishii, Yushin

    2011-01-01

    Study design Case-series study. Objective To describe the clinical presentation, characteristic findings of imaging studies, and treatment of lumbar radiculopathy caused by foraminal stenosis in rheumatoid arthritis. Background Lumbar lesions in rheumatoid arthritis are relatively rare, with a limited number of systemic reports. Methods Six patients with lumbar radiculopathy caused by foraminal stenosis in rheumatoid arthritis were treated. The patients were all women with a mean age of 69 ye...

  2. Myeloperoxidase Activities in Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes in Lumbar Disc Disease

    Mehmet ŞENOĞLU; Ergul Belge KURUTAŞ; İdris ALTUN; Yalçın ATLI; Vedat NACİTARHAN

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: The exact pathogenesis of lumbar pain and radiculopathy is often poorly understood. Although nerve root entrapment resulting in mechanical pressure has been the most widely held concept to explain radiculopathy and lumbar pain, much of the recent research work increasingly supports an inflammatory reaction occurring in the lumbar intervertebral disc tissue. In this study, we aimed to show the role of Myeloperoxidase as an inflammatory marker and the correlation of inflammation wit...

  3. Microendoscopic lumbar discectomy versus open surgery: an intraoperative EMG study

    Schick, U; Döhnert, J.; Richter, A.; König, A.; Vitzthum, H

    2001-01-01

    This study investigated electromyographic (EMG) activity as a marker of nerve root irritation during two different surgical procedures for lumbar disc herniation. Mechanically elicited EMG activity was recorded during the dynamic stages of surgery in muscle groups innervated by lumbar nerve roots. Confirmation of surgical activity was correlated with the activity of the electromyogram. Fifteen patients with lumbar disc herniations were treated via an endoscopic medial approach, and 15 patient...

  4. Effects of interspinous spacers on lumbar degenerative disease

    Zhou, Dong; NONG, LU-MING; DU, RUI; GAO, GONG-MING; JIANG, YU-QING; Xu, Nan-wei

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the early effects of interspinous spacers on lumbar degenerative disease. The clinical outcomes of 23 patients with lumbar degenerative disease, treated using interspinous spacer implantation alone or combined with posterior lumbar fusion, were retrospectively studied and assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Pre-operative and post-operative interspinous distance, disc space height, foraminal width and height a...

  5. Midsagittal Anatomy of Lumbar Lordosis in Adult Egyptians: MRI Study

    Hegazy, Abdelmonem A.; Hegazy, Raafat A.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the increasing recognition of the functional and clinical importance of lumbar lordosis, little is known about its description, particularly in Egypt. At the same time, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been introduced as a noninvasive diagnostic technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomy of the lumbar lordosis using midsagittal MRIs. Normal lumbar spine MRIs obtained from 93 individuals (46 males, 47 females; 25–57 years old) were evaluated retrospectively. Th...

  6. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and Intermittent Neurogenic Claudication

    Cumhur Ertekin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar spinal stenosis and intermittent neurogenic claudication is a disease that occurs frequently after the age of 55 and becomes complicated after the age of 65 in clinical, radiological and therapeutic aspects. In this review, acquired spinal stenosis secondary to degenerative osteoarthritis is evaluated. In this disease, lumbar and extremity pain and paresthesia are frequent; however, the most characteristic feature of the disease is the occurrence and worsening of these findings with erect posture and walking (intermittent neurogenic claudication. Even though the radiological findings of spinal stenosis are apparent, 1/4-1/5 of the patients may be asymptomatic. In order to support the clinical findings, neurophysiological tests have been used at rest and motion. Certain electrophysiological signs have been found to change after motion. The most helpful signs are the denervation of paravertebral and leg muscles, H-reflex abnormalities, and the findings obtained with the recently used radicular excitation methods. Electrophysiological methods have been found to be more compatible with the clinical findings. Lumbar surgical approach is considered in patients with impaired life quality and in those unresponsive to conservative treatment.

  7. Skin to posterior lumbar epidural space distance

    To measure the clinically relevant skin to posterior lumbar epidural space distance in adult surgical patients and to correlate this distance with the patient physical factors to construct a model for the prediction of this distance using the correlation. The study was carried out in 100 patients divided into three groups, who were scheduled for different surgical procedures. Group-I consisted of female patients scheduled for lower segment caesarian section (L.S.C.S); group-II adult non-pregnant females undergoing elective surgery and group-III adult males undergoing different surgical procedures. Epidural anaesthesia was given, using loss of resistance (LOR) technique, and skin to posterior epidural space was measured. The mean skin to posterior lumbar epidural space distance was found to be 3.8 +- 0.5 cm in group-I, 3.76 +- 0.7 cm in group- II and 4.0 +- 0.5 cm in group-III. Skin to posterior epidural space distance correlates best with weight of the patient. Posterior lumbar skin to epidural space distance has been found to be less than what is normal in rest of the world. These results may be used as a guideline for performing successful epidural blocks in Pakistani population. A reliable model using patient physical factors to predict skin to posterior epidural space distance could not be constructed. (author)

  8. Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to retained lumbar drain.

    Guppy, Kern H; Silverthorn, James W; Akins, Paul T

    2011-12-01

    Intrathecal spinal catheters (lumbar drains) are indicated for several medical and surgical conditions. In neurosurgical procedures, they are used to reduce intracranial and intrathecal pressures by diverting CSF. They have also been placed for therapeutic access to administer drugs, and more recently, vascular surgeons have used them to improve spinal cord perfusion during the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Insertion of these lumbar drains is not without attendant complications. One complication is the shearing of the distal end of the catheter with a resultant retained fragment. The authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the migration of a retained lumbar drain that sheared off during its removal. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of rostral migration of a retained intrathecal catheter causing subarachnoid hemorrhage. The authors review the literature on retained intrathecal spinal catheters, and their findings support either early removal of easily accessible catheters or close monitoring with serial imaging. PMID:21905770

  9. X-Ray parameters of lumbar spine

    Otabek Ablyazov

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of anatomic spinal structures, especially its relation-ship to the functions performed, is necessary to form a correct diagnosis. The anatomical structure of the vertebrae varies de-pending on the level of the spinal segment. Normal anatomical parameters, derived from bone structures of the spine, are roughly determined by X-ray method.This paper presents the results of the survey radiography of the lumbar spine in a straight line and lateral projections in 30 individ-uals without pathology spine, aged 21-60 years with frequently observed lumbar spinal stenosis stenosis. Applying X-ray method there were studied shape, height, and the contours of the vertebral bodies and intervertebral disc in the front (interpedicular and sagittal planes; there were measured dimensions of the lumbar canal and foramen holes in the same planes. Using X-ray method can fully identify the bone parameters of vertebral column. How-ever, the informativity of the method depends on knowledge of radiologist about topographic anatomical features of spine.

  10. Percutaneous lumbar disc-ectomy for contained herniation of lumbar disc

    Objective: To evaluate the influence of lumbar disc herniation type on the curative effect of percutaneous lumbar disc ectomy (PLD). Methods: 158 patients were classified into two groups including contained and discontained herniation according to clinical symptoms and diagnostic images. They were treated by means of the same technique in nonvascular intervention. Their curative effects were compared with each other in this study. Results: The curative and total effective rates were 81.1% and 98.5% respectively in contained group, 7.7% and 38.5% in discontained group without serious complications. The duration of follow up ranged from 3 months to 73 months. Conclusions: PLD is a effective procedure for lumbar disc herniation, which is relatively simple and safe with rapid recovery and without serious complications. It should be confirmed in simple contained herniation only

  11. Morphometric analysis of lumbar pedicles in degenerative lumbar scoliosis with a cobb angle ≥30 degrees

    The purpose of our study was to assess the asymmetry of lumbar pedicle morphology in degenerative lumbar scoliosis by analyzing the images obtained by multiplanar reconstruction computed tomography (MPR-CT). Eleven patients (88 pedicles) with a Cobb angle ≥30 deg who underwent preoperative MPR-CT were the subjects of our study. The morphometric parameters of each pedicle inside the curves were measured. Transverse pedicle width and minimum pedicle diameter on the concave side were significantly smaller than on the convex side, and the axial angle on the concave side was significantly larger than on the convex side. These differences were most evident at L4. We speculated that these asymmetrical changes in the lumbar pedicles were attributable to the remodeling caused by axial load imbalance and the limited space available for pedicles on the concave side. Surgeons should keep these differences in mind and pay attention to screw size and direction when inserting pedicle screws on the concave side. (author)

  12. The Clinical Analysis on 32 Cases of Herniated Lumbar Disc Patients according to Lumbar CT scan

    Jeong-ho Kim

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective : This study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the oriental medicine treatment on lumbar disc herniation. Subjects and Methods : The clinical analysis was done on 32 cases of patients with lumbar disc herniation diagnosed by lumbar CT scan. Patients who admitted in Cheongju Oriental Medicine Hospital from April 2007 to April 2008 were analyzed according to the distribution of sex, age, the period of disease, condition on admission, the symptom on admission, Admission day, the treatment efficacy at discharge day. Results : 1. The forties was the most, the acutest phase the most, the day of 8-14 days the most. 2. Multiple bulging disc in 37.5% of CT scan was the most common, followed by a single HNP was 28.1%. 3. Almost 81% patients showed effective efficacy under VAS 3 at discharge day. 4. Single bulging and herniated disc were more short admission days than multiple bulging and herniated disc.

  13. Weightlifter Lumbar Physiology Health Influence Factor Analysis of Sports Medicine.

    Zhang, Xiangyang

    2015-01-01

    Chinese women's weightlifting project has been in the advanced world level, suggests that the Chinese coaches and athletes have many successful experience in the weight lifting training. Little weight lifting belongs to high-risk sports, however, to the lumbar spine injury, some young good athletes often due to lumbar trauma had to retire, and the national investment and athletes toil is regret things. This article from the perspective of sports medicine, weightlifting athletes training situation analysis and put forward Suggestions, aimed at avoiding lumbar injury, guarantee the health of athletes. In this paper, first of all to 50 professional women's weightlifting athletes doing investigation, found that 82% of the athletes suffer from lumbar disease symptoms, the reason is mainly composed of lumbar strain, intensity is too large, motion error caused by three factors. From the Angle of sports medicine and combined with the characteristics of the structure of human body skeleton athletes lumbar structural mechanics analysis, find out the lumbar force's two biggest technical movement, study, and regulate the action standard, so as to minimize lumbar force, for athletes to contribute to the health of the lumbar spine. PMID:26981162

  14. Lumbar myelography in 79 dogs, using different puncture sites

    Lumbar myelography was performed in 79 dogs either before spinal surgery or as part of an investigation of neurological disease. In small dogs the site of the puncture was between L1 and L5, avoiding the lumbosacral intumescence, whereas in large dogs the site was between T13 and L2. It was found that a lumbar puncture cranial to the lumbar intumescence was easier and caused no problems. The lumbar puncture was unsuccessful in three obese dogs. In 72 per cent of the cases the myelogram revealed a lesion, and the main cause of a non-diagnostic myelogram was epidural leakage

  15. The lumbar high-intensity zone: 20 years on

    The high intensity zone (HIZ) was first described by Aprill and Bogduk on lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in 1992. Correlation with lumbar computed tomography (CT) discography showed that the HIZ represents a deep radial tear of the annulus fibrosus, which may be a cause of chronic low back pain. Initial studies comparing the finding of a HIZ on MRI with discography suggested that it may be a highly specific marker of a painful lumbar disc, but later investigators demonstrated that it is also present in asymptomatic individuals. The purpose of this article is to review the literature regarding the lumbar HIZ 20 years after its initial description

  16. Weightlifter Lumbar Physiology Health Influence Factor Analysis of Sports Medicine

    Zhang, Xiangyang

    2015-01-01

    Chinese women's weightlifting project has been in the advanced world level, suggests that the Chinese coaches and athletes have many successful experience in the weight lifting training. Little weight lifting belongs to high-risk sports, however, to the lumbar spine injury, some young good athletes often due to lumbar trauma had to retire, and the national investment and athletes toil is regret things. This article from the perspective of sports medicine, weightlifting athletes training situation analysis and put forward Suggestions, aimed at avoiding lumbar injury, guarantee the health of athletes. In this paper, first of all to 50 professional women's weightlifting athletes doing investigation, found that 82% of the athletes suffer from lumbar disease symptoms, the reason is mainly composed of lumbar strain, intensity is too large, motion error caused by three factors. From the Angle of sports medicine and combined with the characteristics of the structure of human body skeleton athletes lumbar structural mechanics analysis, find out the lumbar force's two biggest technical movement, study, and regulate the action standard, so as to minimize lumbar force, for athletes to contribute to the health of the lumbar spine.

  17. Evaluation of a Modified POSSUM Scoring System for Predicting the Morbidity in Patients Undergoing Lumbar Surgery

    Ying, Li; Bo, Bai; Huo-yan, Wu; Hong, Zhuang

    2013-01-01

    For most spine surgeons, operative intervention is common for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, lumbar stenosis, lumbar fracture or lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, with the increase in lumbar surgery, the complication rate increases accordingly. Whereas the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) scoring system has been widely used to predict morbidity in various surgical fields, the application of this system in lumbar surg...

  18. [Anterior and posterior stabilization of the lumbosacral spine with the usage of interbody cages in the operational treatment of the isthmic spondylolisthesis].

    Pankowski, Rafa?; Smoczy?ski, Andrzej; Smoczy?ski, Maciej; Luczkiewicz, Piotr; Piotrowski, Maciej

    2006-01-01

    In the following work results of the operational treatment of the isthmic spondylolisthesis by the posterior stabilization and anterior lumbosacral interbody fusion with the use of interbody implants--cages was taken under evaluation. The test group consisted of 21 patients (13 male and 8 male). The follow up period exceeded 2 years. The objective clinical outcome assessment was based on Oswestry disability questionnaire. Subjective clinical evaluation was done by the visual analog pain score and two questions concerning the evaluation of success of the operative treatment and a possible agreement to a following operation if necessary. The radiological results were done upon evaluation of the degree of the spondylolisthesis, the angle of the lumbosacral lordosis, the height of the interbody space and intervertebral foramen and the evaluation of the spinal fusion. The conclusion was that the usage of the distraction of the lumbosacral spine in the operational treatment of the isthmic spondylolisthesis result in the reduction of the slippage and the dynamic decompression of the compressed neural roots. The usage of the interbody cages prevented the loss of slippage correction, permanently reconstructed the anatomical conditions in the area of the operated spinal segment and helped to achieve good and very good clinical results in over 95% of patients. The fusion rate was 100%. The restoration of the correct height of the intervertebral foramen in the slip segment caused an improvement of the neurologic state. The usage of two level stabilization in the operative treatment of the isthmic spondylolisthesis prevented the initiation of the secondary degenerative changes adjacent to the fusion. PMID:17128767

  19. Lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in Menkes' disease: endovascular cover stent treatment of the lumbar artery aneurysm

    We report lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in a 3-month-old boy with Menkes' disease. The iliac artery aneurysm thrombosed spontaneously, documented by follow-up colour Doppler sonography. The lumbar artery aneurysm was successfully treated using a cover stent. There was no filling of the lumbar artery aneurysm and no stenosis of the cover stent during the 9-month follow-up. (orig.)

  20. Lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in Menkes' disease: endovascular cover stent treatment of the lumbar artery aneurysm

    Adaletli, Ibrahim; Omeroglu, Alp; Kurugoglu, Sebuh; Cantasdemir, Murat; Numan, Furuzan [Istanbul University, Department of Radiology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey); Elicevik, Mehmet [Istanbul University, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2005-10-01

    We report lumbar and iliac artery aneurysms in a 3-month-old boy with Menkes' disease. The iliac artery aneurysm thrombosed spontaneously, documented by follow-up colour Doppler sonography. The lumbar artery aneurysm was successfully treated using a cover stent. There was no filling of the lumbar artery aneurysm and no stenosis of the cover stent during the 9-month follow-up. (orig.)

  1. The Effects of Stretching with Lumbar Traction on VAS and Oswestry Scales of Patients with Lumbar 45 Herniated Intervertebral Disc

    Yang, Hae-sun; Yoo, Won-Gyu

    2014-01-01

    [Purpose] This study investigated the effect of stretching with lumbar traction on VAS and Oswestry scale scores of lumbar 45 herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) patients. [Subjects] We recruited 20 lumbar 45 HIVD patients. [Methods] We performed stretching with lumbar traction for lumbar 45 HIVD patients during 4 weeks. The VAS and Oswestry scales were measured before and 4 weeks after the intervention. [Results] The results showed a significant decrease in VAS scale score...

  2. The clinical effectiveness of percutaneous lumbar diskectomy combined with intradiscal electrothermal therapy for lumbar disc herniation

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effectiveness of percutaneous lumbar diskectomy (PLD) combined with intradiscal electrothermal therapy (IDET) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Methods: The clinical data of 87 patients with lumbar disc herniation were retrospectively analyzed. Of 87 cases, single PLD was performed in 39 and PLD followed by IDET in 48. The therapeutic results were measured and analyzed, and the complications were recorded. Results: All patients were followed up for 12-36 months. Relief in pain after the procedure was seen in both groups, but the patients in PLD+IDET group showed more improvement than the patients in PLD group. The clinical effective rate for PLD+IDET group and PLD group was 87.50% and 76.92% respectively, with no significant difference between two groups (P>0.01). No serious complications occurred. Conclusion: Both PLD+IDET and PLD are very effective in treating lumbar disc herniation. IDET is very helpful in relieving low back pain, although it can hardly improve patient's daily activities. (authors)

  3. MONOSTOTIC PAGET'S DISEASE IN LUMBAR VERTEBRAE: AN ATYPICAL LOCATION

    Carvalho, Alexandre Dias; Ibiapina, Jerúsia Oliveira; Santos, Lina Gomes; Carvalho, Teresinha Castelo Branco; Ribeiro, Marcelo Barbosa

    2015-01-01

    A 41-year-old white female patient with complaints of lumbar pain for more than three years, without irradiation, underwent several radiological examinations. Her condition was diagnosed by means of biopsy, as monostotic Paget’ s disease in the third lumbar vertebra. This is an uncommon location. PMID:27022543

  4. Lumbar hernia - a case report and review of the literature

    The authors present a case of lumbar hernia of inferior right space (Petit's triangle), classified as acquired hernia and diagnosed by clinical history and computed tomography. Lumbar hernia are quite rare. Authors have done a literature review of this disease. (author)

  5. Dolor lumbar agudo: mecanismos, enfoque y tratamiento

    Marco Tulio Mahecha Toro

    2009-01-01

    El dolor lumbar agudo tiene un gran impacto socioeconómico a nivel mundial, esto lo constituye en un problema de salud pública. En nuestro país su ocurrencia es muy similar a la de otras latitudes. A lo largo de la historia se ha considerado como un “precio” que debemos pagar los mamíferos bipedestres de importante longevidad. Comparte sus mecanismos fisiopatológicos con los otros tipos de dolor agudo. Sin embargo, en la gran mayoría de los casos, implica un reto determinar su origen patológi...

  6. [Ischemic optic neuropathy after lumbar spine surgery].

    Bermejo-Alvarez, M A; Carpintero, M; García-Carro, G; Acebal, G; Fervienza, P; Cosío, F

    2007-12-01

    Ischemic optic neuropathy is the most common cause of visual complications after non-ophthalmic surgery. The incidence has varied in different case series, but prone-position spine surgery appears to be involved in most of the reports. We present the case of a 47-year-old woman who developed near total blindness in the left eye following lumbar spine fusion surgery involving the loss of 900 mL of blood. An ophthalmic examination including inspection of the ocular fundus, fluorescein angiography, and visual evoked potentials returned a diagnosis of retrolaminar optic neuropathy. Outcome was poor. PMID:18200998

  7. Magnetic resonance imaging of lumbar disc herniation

    Thirty-two patients with surgical confirmed lumbar disc herniation were studied retrospectively to compare the diagnostic accuracy of high-field strength surface coil MRI with that of myelography. In 19 cases (60%), MRI diagnosis was extremely reliable, so myelography was considered to be unnecessary. On the other hand, in the remaining 14 cases (40%), MRI diagnosis was less reliable that myelography was necessary in locating the disc causing symptoms. MRI was extremely useful in the large disc herniation whose myelography showed complete block. On the other hand, myelography was useful in patients whose MRI showed multilevel disc herniation and whose myelography showed unilateral single root compression. (author)

  8. Spontaneous Regression of Lumbar Disc Herniation: Report of Two Cases

    Mehmet ?ENO?LU

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous disc regression is described in lumbar, thoracic, cervical regions and also in various clinical situations. Although, spontaneous regression of lumbar disc herniation is a well defined clinical situation, the exact mechanism has not been adequately clarified yet. Currently , there are some suggested hypotheses. In this study, two cases with the complaint of lumbar radiculopathy and spontaneous regression of the disc herniation during their follow-up period, relevant with their clinical improvement and along with the radiological documentation of their situation, are presented. Possibility of the spontaneous regression of the lumbar discs and amelioration in some neurological symptoms with conservative therapy should be taken into account while giving a decision for operation on a patient with lumbar disc herniation.

  9. Diagnosis of the lumbar disc herniation by computed tomography

    Diagnostic value of plain CT was assessed on 42 patients clinically suspected to have lumbar disc herniation with sacral or lumbar root pains. CT of the lumbar region visualized the site and size of prolapse of the disc and the positional relationship between the prolapsed disc and the compressed nerve root. CT is one of the useful examination methods for lumbar disc herniation, but its large exposure dose calls for selection of indications on the basis of clinical findings. Since it can be conducted on patients with lumbar disc herniation at the outpatient clinic, patients with iodine hypersensitivity or those with difficult postural change because of strong pains can also be studied. (Chiba, N.)

  10. Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Supplied by a Lumbar Artery

    PurposeTo describe the radiologic findings and imaging response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) supplied by the lumbar artery.MethodsBetween April 2004 and December 2012, we encountered HCC supplied by a lumbar artery in 21 patients. Two investigators retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiological findings of HCC supplied by the lumbar artery using computed tomography (CT) scans and digital subtraction angiograms.ResultsPatients had received 1–27 sessions of previous chemoembolization procedures (mean 7.7 sessions, median 4 sessions). Mean tumor size was 5.3 cm. The locations of HCC supplied by lumbar artery were the bare area (n = 14, 67 %) and segment VI (n = 7, 33 %). Tumor-feeding arteries arose from the main lumbar artery (n = 7), proximal anterior division (n = 4), and distal anterior division (n = 14). In 20 patients, selective chemoembolization through the tumor-feeding arteries of the lumbar artery was achieved. In 1 patient, nonselective embolization at the main lumbar artery was performed. There was no complication such as skin necrosis or paralysis. On the first follow-up enhanced CT scan, target tumors fed by the lumbar artery showed complete response (n = 6), partial response (n = 4), stable disease (n = 3), and progressive disease (n = 8), but overall tumor response was partial response (n = 1) and progressive disease (n = 20).ConclusionWhen HCC is located in the inferior tip or bare area of the liver, a lumbar artery may supply the tumor. Although selective chemoembolization via the tumor-feeding vessel of the lumbar artery can be achieved in most cases, overall tumor response is commonly unfavorable

  11. Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Supplied by a Lumbar Artery

    Kim, Han Myun, E-mail: seoul49@naver.com [Hallym University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyo-Cheol, E-mail: angiointervention@gmail.com; Woo, Sungmin, E-mail: j-crew7@hotmail.com [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, and Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Son, Kyu Ri, E-mail: kyurad@gmail.com [Korea University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Korea University Medical Center (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Seong Whi, E-mail: chosw@kangwon.ac.kr [Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University Hospital (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Jin Wook, E-mail: chungjw@snu.ac.kr [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, and Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    PurposeTo describe the radiologic findings and imaging response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) supplied by the lumbar artery.MethodsBetween April 2004 and December 2012, we encountered HCC supplied by a lumbar artery in 21 patients. Two investigators retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiological findings of HCC supplied by the lumbar artery using computed tomography (CT) scans and digital subtraction angiograms.ResultsPatients had received 1–27 sessions of previous chemoembolization procedures (mean 7.7 sessions, median 4 sessions). Mean tumor size was 5.3 cm. The locations of HCC supplied by lumbar artery were the bare area (n = 14, 67 %) and segment VI (n = 7, 33 %). Tumor-feeding arteries arose from the main lumbar artery (n = 7), proximal anterior division (n = 4), and distal anterior division (n = 14). In 20 patients, selective chemoembolization through the tumor-feeding arteries of the lumbar artery was achieved. In 1 patient, nonselective embolization at the main lumbar artery was performed. There was no complication such as skin necrosis or paralysis. On the first follow-up enhanced CT scan, target tumors fed by the lumbar artery showed complete response (n = 6), partial response (n = 4), stable disease (n = 3), and progressive disease (n = 8), but overall tumor response was partial response (n = 1) and progressive disease (n = 20).ConclusionWhen HCC is located in the inferior tip or bare area of the liver, a lumbar artery may supply the tumor. Although selective chemoembolization via the tumor-feeding vessel of the lumbar artery can be achieved in most cases, overall tumor response is commonly unfavorable.

  12. Lumbar load estimation using a musculoskeletal model in consideration of vertebral body displacement: Lumbar load simulation under static conditions.

    Imamura, Yumeko; Tanaka, Takayuki; Kusaka, Takashi; Tsuchiya, Yoshio

    2015-08-01

    In this study, we propose an estimation model of lumbar load, which is a factor in lumbar disorders. Our proposed method uses a musculoskeletal model with elastic elements between the vertebral bodies, and simulates the inter- vertebral disk pressure and the displacement of the vertebral bodies simultaneously. PMID:26737147

  13. Repair of the spondylolysis in lumbar spine

    The objective is to present the surgical experience in the repair of the spondylolysis in lumbar spine. Background: Spodylolysis is an important cause of low back pain in young adults and is responsible for high grade of incapacity. Classically, patients with surgical indications with Spondylolysis have been treated with vertebral arthrodesis arthrodesis, with the following functional lost of the intervened segment and biomechanical overload of the upper contiguous segment. There are not previous reports about repairing of lysis in national literature and international references in this technique are scarce. Materials and methods: Eight patients within 2002-2004 were operated, a direct repairing of the lyses by in situ, fusion and interfragmental osteosynthesis with AO 3.5 mm titanium cortical screws with autogenous bone grafts was achieved. The casuistic was analyzed depending on clinical presentation, consolidation, mobility and vitality of the disc in imaginology studies. Results: During the follow-up a firm fusion in all cases, mobility and vitality preservation of the L5-S1 intervertebral disc was detected. There was neither infection nor neurological deficit. Recommendations: Repairing of spondylolysis in lumbar column, in young symptomatic patients without or with mild lystesis (grade I) and without associated disc damage, is a safe surgical technique

  14. Conjoined nerve root of the lumbar spine

    There have been a number of reports on lumbosacral nerve root anomalies. Among the most common of these anomalies is the conjoined nerve root. However, it is difficult to diagnose this condition preoperatively. We review the records of 142 patients who underwent microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for herniation of the lumbar disc. All patients had undergone magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar spine before surgery. For most patients, only sagittal and axial images were obtained; coronal images were obtained in only a minority of the patients. Postoperative coronal images were obtained in patients with conjoined nerve roots. A diagnosis of conjoined nerve roots was made intraoperatively in 4 patients; this diagnosis had not been possible preoperatively. After surgery, new coronal images were obtained for the 4 patients with conjoined nerve roots; however, there was no evidence of the condition on the new images. The surgical procedure employed was endoscopic decompression and herniotomy. The results were favorable, even though pediculotomy was not performed. It is difficult to diagnose nerve root anomalies preoperatively. However, the possibility of nerve root anomalies should always be considered during surgery to ensure a safe procedure, without intraoperative occurrence of nerve root injury. (author)

  15. General versus epidural anesthesia for lumbar microdiscectomy.

    Ulutas, Murat; Secer, Mehmet; Taskapilioglu, Ozgur; Karadas, Soner; Akyilmaz, Ahmet Aykut; Baydilek, Yunus; Kocamer, Betul; Ozboz, Ayse; Boyaci, Suat

    2015-08-01

    This study was a retrospective analysis of 850 lumbar microdiscectomy (LMD) under epidural anesthesia (EA; n=573) or general anesthesia (GA; n=277) performed by the same surgeon and paid by invoice to the Social Security Institution of the Turkish Republic between April 2003 and May 2013. Although GA is the most frequently used method of anesthesia during LMD, the choice of regional anesthetia (epidural, spinal or a combination of these) differs between surgeons and anesthetists. Studies have reported that EA in surgery for lumbar disc herniation may be more reliable than GA, as it enables the surgeon to communicate with the patient during surgery, but few studies have compared the costs of these two anesthetic methods in LMD. We found that EA patient costs were significantly lower than GA patient costs (p0.05). The anesthetic method used during LMD affected the complication rate, cost and efficiency of operating room use. We suggest that EA is an anesthetic method that can contribute to health care cost savings and enable LMD to be completed with less nerve root manipulation and more comfort, efficacy, reliability and cost efficiency without affecting the success rate of the surgical procedure. PMID:26067543

  16. Outcome Prediction in Lumbar Disc Herniation Surgery

    Harun Brkic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It is a well recognized fact that a significant proportion of patients operated on for lumbar disc herniation exhibit a poor outcome, regardless of the apparent technical success of the operative procedure itself. Aim: to identify a set of widely available variables that accurately predict short-term outcome after discectomy and to develop a predictive model based upon those variables. Patients and methods: Basic demographic, clinical and radiological variables were evaluated in a group of 70 patient operated on for disc herniation. Outcome was assessed using VAS and RM scales 6 months postoperatively and correlated to aforementioned variables. Results: Preoperative pain intensity and duration, age and type of disc herniation were all shown to be statistically significant predictors of short-term outcome, unlike sex, type of radiological investigation and preoperative tension sign testing results. Multivariate regression analysis including only variables previously identified as good outcome predictors revealed that the pain intensity exhibited the strongest correlation with outcome, followed by pain duration, type of disc herniation and age. Even though MR scan was more sensitive in detecting disc extrusion than CT (sensitivity of 100% versus 65%, respectively, the presence of preoperative MR scan did not influence the outcome. Conclusion: The study identified a set of widely available and easily attainable variables as fair predictors of short-term outcome after lumbar discectomy. Subsequent logistic regression resulted in a predictive model whose accuracy is to be determined in another prospective study.

  17. Tratamiento microquirrgico en la hernia discal lumbar

    ngel Jess Lacerda Gallardo

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realiz un estudio observacional descriptivo de 35 pacientes operados por hernia discal lumbar, con tcnicas de microciruga, en el perodo comprendido entre febrero de 1996 y febrero de 1997. De stos el 68,57 % eran masculinos y 31,43 % femeninos, con una edad promedio para el grupo de 42,11 aos y un rango de edades comprendido entre 23 y 74 aos. Los mtodos diagnsticos que influyeron en la decisin quirrgica fueron la mielografa lumbar con contraste hidrosoluble en el 37,14 % y la TAC en el 34,28 %, mientras que la electromiografa (EMG, la clnica y los rayos X simples fueron menos determinantes, 20 % y 14,29 % respectivamente. Los espacios L5-S1 (57,14 % y L4-L5 (31,43 %, fueron los ms afectados, mientras la combinacin de ambos se present en el 11,43 %. La complicacin ms encontrada fue la hernia discal recidivante (8,57 % y la estada hospitalaria promedio fue de 2,79 das, el 48,57 % con menos de 24 h (ciruga ambulatoria. Los resultados quirrgicos a los 6 meses, segn la escala de Ebeling fueron satisfactorios en el 97,14 % de los casos con 57,14 % clasificado como bueno; 31,43 % excelente; 8,57 % regular y slo 2,86 % malo. No existieron casos de fallo de la tcnica.

  18. Lumbar spine degenerative disease : effect on bone mineral density measurements in the lumbar spine and femoral neck

    Juhng, Seon Kwan [Wonkwang Univ. School of Medicine, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Koplyay, Peter; Jeffrey Carr, J.; Lenchik, Leon [Wake Forest Univ. School of Medicine, Winston-salem (United States)

    2001-04-01

    To determine the effect of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine on bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and femoral neck. We reviewed radiographs and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans of the lumbar spine and hip in 305 Caucasian women with suspected osteoporosis. One hundred and eight-six patient remained after excluding women less than 40 years of age (n=18) and those with hip osteoarthritis, scoliosis, lumbar spine fractures, lumbar spinal instrumentation, hip arthroplasty, metabolic bone disease other than osteoporosis, or medications known to influence bone metabolism (n=101). On the basis of lumbar spine radiographs, those with absent/mild degenerative disease were assigned to the control group and those with moderate/severe degenerative disease to the degenerative group. Spine radiographs were evaluated for degenerative disease by two radiologists working independently; discrepant evaluations were resolved by consensus. Lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density was compared between the two groups. Forty-five (24%) of 186 women were assigned to the degenerative group and 141 (76%) to the control group. IN the degenerative group, mean bone mineral density measured 1.075g/cm? in the spine and 0.788g/cm{sup 2} in the femoral neck, while for controls the corresponding figures were 0.989g/cm{sup 2} and 0.765g/cm{sup 2}. Adjusted for age, weight and height by means of analysis of variance, degenerative disease of the lumbar spine was a significant predictor of increased bone mineral density in the spine (p=0.0001) and femoral neck (p=0.0287). Our results indicate a positive relationship between degenerative disease of the lumbar spine and bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and femoral neck, and suggest that degenerative disease in that region, which leads to an intrinsic increase in bone mineral density in the femoral neck, may be a good negative predictor of osteoporotic hip fractures.

  19. Lumbar spine degenerative disease : effect on bone mineral density measurements in the lumbar spine and femoral neck

    To determine the effect of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine on bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and femoral neck. We reviewed radiographs and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans of the lumbar spine and hip in 305 Caucasian women with suspected osteoporosis. One hundred and eight-six patient remained after excluding women less than 40 years of age (n=18) and those with hip osteoarthritis, scoliosis, lumbar spine fractures, lumbar spinal instrumentation, hip arthroplasty, metabolic bone disease other than osteoporosis, or medications known to influence bone metabolism (n=101). On the basis of lumbar spine radiographs, those with absent/mild degenerative disease were assigned to the control group and those with moderate/severe degenerative disease to the degenerative group. Spine radiographs were evaluated for degenerative disease by two radiologists working independently; discrepant evaluations were resolved by consensus. Lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density was compared between the two groups. Forty-five (24%) of 186 women were assigned to the degenerative group and 141 (76%) to the control group. IN the degenerative group, mean bone mineral density measured 1.075g/cm? in the spine and 0.788g/cm2 in the femoral neck, while for controls the corresponding figures were 0.989g/cm2 and 0.765g/cm2. Adjusted for age, weight and height by means of analysis of variance, degenerative disease of the lumbar spine was a significant predictor of increased bone mineral density in the spine (p=0.0001) and femoral neck (p=0.0287). Our results indicate a positive relationship between degenerative disease of the lumbar spine and bone mineral density in the lumbar spine and femoral neck, and suggest that degenerative disease in that region, which leads to an intrinsic increase in bone mineral density in the femoral neck, may be a good negative predictor of osteoporotic hip fractures

  20. Adverse Event Recording and Reporting in Clinical Trials Comparing Lumbar Disk Replacement with Lumbar Fusion: A Systematic Review.

    Hiratzka, Jayme; Rastegar, Farbod; Contag, Alec G; Norvell, Daniel C; Anderson, Paul A; Hart, Robert A

    2015-12-01

    Study Design Systematic review. Objectives (1) To compare the quality of adverse event (AE) methodology and reporting among randomized trials comparing lumbar fusion with lumbar total disk replacement (TDR) using established AE reporting systems; (2) to compare the AEs and reoperations of lumbar spinal fusion with those from lumbar TDR; (3) to make recommendations on how to report AEs in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) so that surgeons and patients have more-detailed and comprehensive information when making treatment decisions. Methods A systematic search of PubMed, the Cochrane collaboration database, and the National Guideline Clearinghouse through May 2015 was conducted. Randomized controlled trials with at least 2 years of follow-up comparing lumbar artificial disk replacement with lumbar fusion were included. Patients were required to have axial or mechanical low back pain of ≥3 months' duration due to degenerative joint disease defined as degenerative disk disease, facet joint disease, or spondylosis. Outcomes included the quality of AE acquisition methodology and results reporting, and AEs were defined as those secondary to the procedure and reoperations. Individual and pooled relative risks and their 95% confidence intervals comparing lumbar TDR with fusion were calculated. Results RCTs demonstrated a generally poor description of methods for assessing AEs. There was a consistent lack of clear definition or grading for these events. Furthermore, there was a high degree of variation in reporting of surgery-related AEs. Most studies lacked adequate reporting of the timing of AEs, and there were no clear distinctions between acute or chronic AEs. Meta-analysis of the pooled data demonstrated a twofold increased risk of AEs in patients having lumbar fusion compared with patients having lumbar TDR at 2-year follow-up, and this relative risk was maintained at 5 years. Furthermore, the pooled data demonstrated a 1.7 times greater relative risk of reoperation in the fusion group compared with lumbar TDR, although this risk decreased to 1.1 at 5-year follow-up. However, given the lack of quality and consistency in the methods of recording and reporting of AEs, we are unable to make a clear recommendation of one treatment over the other. Conclusions Based on the currently available literature, lumbar TDR appears to be comparable in safety to lumbar fusion. However, due to lack of consistency in reporting of AEs, it is difficult to make conclusions regarding the true safety profile of lumbar TDR. Standardization in AE reporting will significantly improve the reliability of the current literature. PMID:26682099

  1. Direction of the formation of anterior lumbar vertebral osteophytes

    Akeda Koji

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background X-ray images of lumbar degenerative diseases often show not only claw osteophytes, but also pairs of osteophytes that form in a direction away from the adjacent disc. We have investigated the direction of the formation of anterior lumbar vertebral osteophytes across the lumbar vertebrae using a sufficient number of lumbar radiographs, because osteophytes images can provide essential information that will contribute to the understanding of the pathology and progress of lumbar spine degeneration. Methods The direction of the formation of 14,250 pairs of anterior lumbar vertebral osteophytes across the adjacent intervertebral discs in 2,850 patients who were all over 60 years old was investigated. Anterior lumbar vertebral osteophytes were distributed into six groups based on the direction of extension of each pair of osteophytes across the intervertebral disc space. Results In L1–L2 and L2–L3, the number of patients classified into groups B (the pair of osteophytes extended in the direction of the adjacent disc and C (almost complete bone bridge formation by a pair of osteophytes across the intervertebral disc space was larger than that classified into group D (the pair of osteophytes extended in a direction away from the adjacent disc. In L3–L4, L4–L5 and L5-S1, the number of patients in group D was greater than that of patients belonging to groups B and C. Conclusion Our study showed that pairs of osteophytes frequently formed in the direction of the adjacent disc in the upper lumbar vertebrae (L1–L2 and L2–L3 and in the direction away from the adjacent disc in middle or lower lumbar vertebrae (L3–L4, L4–L5, and L5-S1.

  2. MRI manifestations of lumbar active inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis

    Objective: To study the MRI manifestations of lumbar active inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and its relationship with CT grade of sacroiliitis. Methods: 64 cases of AS accepted lumbar MR scan with sagittal STIR/SPIR and T1-weighted fat suppressed sequences after administration of GD-DTPA. MR manifestations of lumbar active inflammation including active spondylitis, spondylodiskitis, arthritis of the facet joints and enthesitis were studied. Spondylitis was especially analyzed by Berlin method. 40 cases accepted CT scan of sacroiliac joints simultaneously, classed by modified New York criteria. Correlation: analysis was made between lumbar involvement and Berlin method. Results: There were 42 cases of active spondylitis, 6 of spondylodiskitis, 37 of arthritis of the facet joints, 32 of enthesitis in all 64 cases. The positive rate of lumbar involvement in AS was 85.9%. Positive rate of Spondylitis was 65.6%. L1/2 was 34.4%, which accounted for the most in all lumbar vertebral units, but there was not statistically significance between L1/2 and other Vertebral Units (P>0.05). The mean score of L5/S1 was 1.23, which was the highest in vertebral units involved, and there was statistically significance between L5/S1 and T12/L1, L1/2, L2/ 3 (P0.05) between lumbar active inflammation and the CT grades of sacroiliitis. Conclusions: Lumbar involvement of AS is common, mostly manifested as spondylitis, arthritis of the facet joints and enthesitis, with spondylodiskitis the least. In spondylitis, L1/2 is the most. There maybe no correlation between lumbar involvement and degree of spondylitis and grade of sacroiliitis. (authors)

  3. Lumbar spine radiography for osteoporosis via a staging system - CT densitometry of lumbar vertebrae

    Lumbar spine radiographs in 47 patients with manifest or clinically suspected osteoporosis were evaluated, using a staging system, and correlated to quantitative computed tomography (QCT) of lumbar vertebrae. The accuracy of osteoporosis assessment, obtained with plain film analysis, was 60%, the sensitivity 67%, the specificity 56%. Statistical correlation showed high standard deviation of each of the QCT-mean values according to the respective stage groups, and altogether poor linear correlation between increasing morphological stages of osteoporosis and decreasing QCT-values. As our results show plain film differentiation of normal from reduced trabecular bone mineral content is unreliable, even by use of a staging system. The diagnostic value of spine radiographs therefore remains limited to demonstration of advanced osteoporotic changes. (orig.)

  4. The cost–utility of lumbar disc herniation surgery

    Hansson, Elisabeth; Hansson, Tommy

    2006-01-01

    The cost and utility of surgery for a herniated lumbar disc has not been determined simultaneously in a single cohort. The aim of this study is to perform a cost–utility analysis of surgical and nonsurgical treatment of patients with lumbar disc herniation. Ninety-two individuals in a cohort of 1,146 Swedish subjects underwent lumbar disc herniation surgery during a 2-year study. Each person operated on was individually matched with one treated conservatively. The effects and costs of the tre...

  5. Diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation by computed tomography

    Plain computed tomography (CT) was performed in 93 patients suspected of having lumbar disc herniation. Its diagnostic value for the responsible height, position and degree of herniation was examined. CT findings for the responsible height and position of lumbar disc herniation coincided completely with laboratory and operative findings (100%), while those for the degree of protrusion coincided with operative findings in a lower rate (84%). In CT diagnosis for lumbar disc herniation, artifacts such as partial volume phenomenon, edge effect, and beam hardening, should be noted. (Namekawa, K.)

  6. Discal Cyst of the Lumbar Spine: A Case Report

    Kim, Seong-Hwan; Ahn, Soon-Seob; Choi, Gi-Hwan; Kim, Dae-Hyun

    2012-01-01

    Discal cysts are a rare cause of lumbar radiculopathy. There are only a few reports of this disease in medical literature. The authors describe the case of a 40-year-old man with a lumbar discal cyst that led to radiculopathy. An intraspinal extradural cystic mass was responsible for low and high signal intensities observed in lumbar lesions on T1 and T2 weighted magnetic resonance images. This cyst was a grossly spherical mass with clear serous fluid, which was connected to an adjacent inter...

  7. Modelo de elementos finitos de la columna lumbar

    Ezquerro Juanco, F.; Simón Mata, A.; Mellado Arjona, E.; Villanueva Pareja, F.

    1999-01-01

    En este trabajo se describe un modelo de Elementos Finitos de la columna lumbar humana. El objetivo buscado es la utilización del mismo como herramienta de investigación aplicada a la cirugía ortopédica de columna lumbar. Para conseguir este objetivo se ha elaborado un modelo no lineal y paramétrico de la columna lumbar completa, el cual puede modificarse con facilidad tanto en su geometría como en sus características mecánicas de modo que puedan reflejarse tanto distintas alte...

  8. Traumatic Lumbar Hernia Diagnosed by Ultrasonography: A Case Report

    Lee, Kwang Lae; Yim, Yoon Myung; Lim, Oh Kyung; Park, Ki Deok; Choi, Chung Hwan; Lee, Ju Kang [Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    Traumatic lumbar hernia describes the extrusion of intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal contents through a defect in the posterolateral abdominal wall caused by a trauma. This is a rare entity and usually diagnosed by computed tomography. A 64-year-old male received an injury on his cervical spinal cord after an accident in which he fell down. He complained of a mass on his left posterolateral back area. We diagnosed the mass as a traumatic lumbar hernia by ultrasonography and confirmed it by computed tomography. We conclude that the ultrasonography can be a useful diagnostic tool for traumatic lumbar hernia

  9. Clinical investigation of lumbar spine MRI in lumbar canal stenosis (LCS)

    Nobutani, Kazuo [Yamaguchi Univ., Ube (Japan). School of Medicine

    2002-10-01

    Studies were conducted to know the availability of MRI in the diagnosis of lumbar canal stenosis (LCS). Seventy six patients of advanced age with low back pain were chosen; half of the patients showed neurological manifestations in their lower extremities (LCScases) but the remaining half did not (low back pain (LBP) cases). All patients underwent MRI of the lumbar spine and abnormal imagings were analyzed. The results showed that the following changes could be demonstrated at a high frequency in the cases of LCS as compared with those in LBP; (I) morphological changes classified as either the Trefoil or the Deficit type in the spinal canal cross section, (II) protrusion and degeneration of the intervertebral disk, (III) brightness changes of endplate, and (IV) increasing thickness of the yellow ligament. Individual change did not always correspond to the extent of the neurological manifestation of LCS. However, patients of 92 percent showed the changes of both (II) and (III) in LCS cases. Therefore, lumbar spine MRI provides useful information in the diagnosis of LCS when the changes are considered with clinical signs of patients. (author)

  10. Upright positional MRI of the lumbar spine

    Alyas, F.; Connell, D. [London Upright MRI Centre, London (United Kingdom); Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Saifuddin, A. [London Upright MRI Centre, London (United Kingdom); Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)], E-mail: asif.saifuddin@rnoh.nhs.uk

    2008-09-15

    Supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely used in the assessment of low back pain and radiculopathy. However, imaging findings often correlate poorly with clinical findings. This is partly related to the positional dependence of spinal stenosis, which reflects dynamic changes in soft-tissue structures (ligaments, disc, dural sac, epidural fat, and nerve roots). Upright MRI in the flexed, extended, rotated, standing, and bending positions, allows patients to reproduce the positions that bring about their symptoms and may uncover MRI findings that were not visible with routine supine imaging. Assessment of the degree of spinal stability in the degenerate and postoperative lumbar spine is also possible. The aim of this review was to present the current literature concerning both the normal and symptomatic spine as imaged using upright MRI and to illustrate the above findings using clinical examples.

  11. Upright positional MRI of the lumbar spine

    Supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely used in the assessment of low back pain and radiculopathy. However, imaging findings often correlate poorly with clinical findings. This is partly related to the positional dependence of spinal stenosis, which reflects dynamic changes in soft-tissue structures (ligaments, disc, dural sac, epidural fat, and nerve roots). Upright MRI in the flexed, extended, rotated, standing, and bending positions, allows patients to reproduce the positions that bring about their symptoms and may uncover MRI findings that were not visible with routine supine imaging. Assessment of the degree of spinal stability in the degenerate and postoperative lumbar spine is also possible. The aim of this review was to present the current literature concerning both the normal and symptomatic spine as imaged using upright MRI and to illustrate the above findings using clinical examples

  12. Degenerative Pathways of Lumbar Motion Segments

    Jensen, Rikke K.; Kjaer, Per; Jensen, Tue S.; Albert, Hanne; Kent, Peter

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to identify spinal pathoanatomy in people with persistent low back pain. However, the clinical relevance of spinal degenerative MRI findings remains uncertain. Although multiple MRI findings are almost always present at the same time, research...... into the association with clinical outcomes (such as pain) has predominantly focused on individual MRI findings. This study aimed to: (i) investigate how multiple MRI lumbar spine findings cluster together within two different samples of patients with low back pain, (ii) classify these clusters into...... hypothetical pathways of degeneration based on scientific knowledge of disco-vertebral degeneration, and (iii) compare these clusters and degenerative pathways between samples. METHODS: We performed a secondary cross-sectional analysis on two dissimilar MRI samples collected in a hospital department: (1) data...

  13. Lumbar disc cyst with contralateral radiculopathy

    Kishore Tourani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Disc cysts are uncommon intraspinal cystic lesions located in the ventrolateral epidural space. They communicate with the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc and cause symptoms by radicular compression. We report a unique case of lumbar disc cyst that was associated with disc herniation and contralateral radiculopathy. A 22 year old male presented with one month history of back-ache radiating to the left leg. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI showed L3-L4 disc herniation with annular tear and cystic lesion in the extradural space anterior to the thecal sac on right side, which increased in size over a period of 3 weeks. L3 laminectomy and bilateral discectomy and cyst excision was done with partial improvement of patients symptoms.

  14. Lumbar spinal canal size of sciatica patients

    Seven measures at the three lowest lumbar interspaces were recorded from conventional radiographs of the lumbar spines of 160 consecutive patients with low back pain and sciatica admitted for myelography and possible surgery. Eighty-eight patients were operated upon for disc herniation, and of the conservatively-treated 72 patients, 18 had a pathologic and 54 a normal myelogram. The results were evaluated after one year using the occupational handicap scales of WHO. Correlations of radiographic measures to stature were moderate and to age small. After adjusting for stature and age, only the male interpedicular distances and the antero-posterior diameter of intervertebral foramen at L3 were greater than those of females. The males with a pathologic myelogram had smaller posterior disc height at L3 and a smaller interarticular distance at L3 and L4 than those with normal myelogram, likewise the midsagittal diameter at L3 and L4 in females. In all patients other measures besides posterior disc height were smaller than those for low back pain patients (p<0.001) or for cadavers (p<0.001). The only correlation between measures and clinical manifestations was between pedicular length at L3 and limited straight leg raising. Where the disc material had been extruded into the spinal canal, the interpedicular distance was significantly wider. Only anterior disc height at L3 revealed differences between good and poor outcome one year after surgery, as did the interarticular distance at S1 in patients with normal myelogram after conservative treatment. (orig.)

  15. 3-dimensional reconstructions of computer tomograms of the lumbar spine

    In this study, 50 patients were examined by a Siemens 'Somatom Plus'; continuous 2 mm sections between the third lumbar and first sacral vertebra were obtained. All these imaging procedures were suitable for the diagnosis of osteochondrosis and chondrosis. Spondylosis was diagnosed more frequently on 3-D CT. Spondyloarthrosis, with narrowing of the invertebral foramina and root canals is shown particularly well by 3-D CT, since the entire extent of these structures can be seen. 3-D surface reconstruction of the lumbar spine is useful in the diagnosis of lumbar spondyloarthrosis with narrowing of the root canals and of the spinal canal. This method of axial CT is superior to conventional radiography of the lumbar spine in the usual two planes. (orig./GDG)

  16. Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: an epidemiological perspective: the Copenhagen Osteoarthritis Study

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Sonne-Holm, Stig; Rovsing, Hans; Monrad, Henrik; Gebuhr, Peter

    2007-01-01

    registered health parameters since 1976. In 1993, standardized, lateral radiographs of the lumbar spine were recorded. There were 1533 men and 2618 women. METHODS: Statistical correlations were made between degenerative spondylolisthesis, and physical, occupational, and general epidemiological data. RESULTS...

  17. Functional outcome of surgical management of degenerative lumbar canal stenosis

    Rajendra Nath

    2012-01-01

    Conclusion: Operative treatment in patients of degenerative lumbar canal stenosis yields excellent results as observed on the basis of JOA scoring system. No patient got recurrence of symptoms of nerve compression.

  18. Interlaminar fenestration in lumbar canal stenosis- a retrospective study

    Gupta Puneet; Sharma Sansar; Chauhan V; Maheshwari Rajesh; Juyal Anil; Agarwal Atul

    2005-01-01

    Background: Degenerative lumbar canal stenosis is a multifaceted problem presenting as backache and neurological claudication. Methods: In fifteen patients of acquired degenerative lumbar canal stenosis multi level interlaminar fenestration with discectomy, if required, was carried out. Retrospective analysis was done to assess the out come by assessing the relief in backache and neurological claudication. Results: The mean age of patients was 50.4 years and average duration of neurologi...

  19. Computed tomography in the diagnosis of the lumbar disc herniation

    In this study, effectiveness of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing lumbar disc herniation was evaluated. Twenty CT examinations which were interpreted as positive for a herniated disc, and were comfirmed by myelography, were reviewed. In 19 patients, CT demonstrated posterior protrusion of the disc but in one normal disc. Three typical cases were described. This study suggests that CT accurately demonstrates lumbar disc herniation. (author)

  20. Accuracy of physical examination for chronic lumbar radiculopathy

    Iversen, Trond; Solberg, Tore; Romner, Bertil; Wilsgaard, Tom; Nygaard, Øystein Petter; Waterloo, Knut; Brox, Jens Ivar; Ingebrigtsen, Tor

    2013-01-01

    Background: Clinical examination of patients with chronic lumbar radiculopathy aims to clarify whether there is nerve root impingement. The aims of this study were to investigate the association between findings at clinical examination and nerve root impingement, to evaluate the accuracy of clinical index tests in a specialised care setting, and to see whether imaging clarifies the cause of chronic radicular pain. Methods: A total of 116 patients referred with symptoms of lumbar r...

  1. Bias in the physical examination of patients with lumbar radiculopathy

    Katz Jeffrey N; Hunter David J; Suri Pradeep; Li Ling; Rainville James

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background No prior studies have examined systematic bias in the musculoskeletal physical examination. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of bias due to prior knowledge of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging findings (MRI) on perceived diagnostic accuracy of the physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy. Methods This was a cross-sectional comparison of the performance characteristics of the physical examination with blinding to MRI results (the 'independent...

  2. Ventricular Pneumocephalus with Meningitis after Lumbar Nerve Root Block

    Shin Ahn; Young Sang Ko; Kyung Soo Lim

    2013-01-01

    Lumbar nerve root block is a common modality used in the management of radiculopathy. Its complications are rare and usually minor. Despite its low morbidity, significant acute events can occur. Pneumocephalus is an accumulation of air in the intracranial space. It indicates a violation of the dura or the presence of infection. The object of this report is to describe the case of a patient with intraventricular pneumocephalus and bacterial meningitis after lumbar nerve root block. A 70-year-o...

  3. Hemorrhage from lumbar artery following percutaneous renal biopsy

    Devi, B. Vijayalakshmi; Lakshmi, B. Sangeetha; Supraja, C; Vanajakshmma, V.; R Ram; D Rajasekhar; A.Y Lakshmi; V. SIVAKUMAR

    2015-01-01

    We present a 58-year-old lady who underwent ultrasound-guided renal biopsy for suspected acute glomerulonephritis. Within minutes, the radiologist noticed an echogenic band around left kidney and in the muscular planes. Computerized tomography revealed focal active contrast extravasation from arcuate or interlobular artery in lower pole of left kidney and lumbar artery at third lumbar vertebra. The bleeding vessel was occluded with gelfoam.

  4. Adjacent level disease following lumbar spine surgery: A review

    Epstein, Nancy E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Instrumented lumbar spine surgery is associated with an increased risk of adjacent segment disease (ASD). Multiple studies have explored the various risk factors contributing to ASD that include; fusion length (especially, three or more levels), sagittal malalignment, facet injury, advanced age, and prior cephalad degenerative disease. Methods: In this selective review of ASD, following predominantly instrumented fusions for lumbar degenerative disease, patients typically unde...

  5. Presentation of a Rare Case of Bilateral Lumbar Synovial Cysts

    Konstantinos Violaris; Maria Karakyriou

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To report a quite rare case of bilateral symptomatic synovial cysts of the lumbar spine. Surgical resection is usually the cure for this condition. Methods: A 65 year old female patient came to our department, complaining for severe lumbar and sciatic pain. MRI and CT were used to diagnose bilateral synovial cysts. Because of the intensity of symptoms, she was subjected to surgery. Laminectomy and cyst resection were performed. Results: The patient showed complete resolution of pain ...

  6. Genetic association studies in lumbar disc degeneration: a systematic review

    Eskola, Pasi J; Lemmelä, Susanna; Kjaer, Per; Solovieva, Svetlana; Männikkö, Minna; Tommerup, Niels; Lind-Thomsen, Allan; Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Kirsti; Cheung, Kenneth M. C; Chan, Danny; Samartzis, Dino; Karppinen, Jaro

    2012-01-01

    Objective Low back pain is associated with lumbar disc degeneration, which is mainly due to genetic predisposition. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review to evaluate genetic association studies in lumbar disc degeneration as defined on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in humans. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, SCOPUS, ISI Web of Science, The Genetic Association Database and The Human Genome Epidemiology Network for ...

  7. Sensitivity of lumbar spine loading to anatomical parameters.

    Putzer, Michael; Ehrlich, Ingo; Rasmussen, John; Gebbeken, Norbert; Dendorfer, Sebastian

    2016-04-11

    Musculoskeletal simulations of lumbar spine loading rely on a geometrical representation of the anatomy. However, this data has an inherent inaccuracy. This study evaluates the influence of defined geometrical parameters on lumbar spine loading utilising five parametrised musculoskeletal lumbar spine models for four different postures. The influence of the dimensions of vertebral body, disc, posterior parts of the vertebrae as well as the curvature of the lumbar spine was studied. Additionally, simulations with combinations of selected parameters were conducted. Changes in L4/L5 resultant joint force were used as outcome variable. Variations of the vertebral body height, disc height, transverse process width and the curvature of the lumbar spine were the most influential. These parameters can be easily acquired from X-rays and should be used to morph a musculoskeletal lumbar spine model for subject-specific approaches with respect to bone geometry. Furthermore, the model was very sensitive to uncommon configurations and therefore, it is advised that stiffness properties of discs and ligaments should be individualised. PMID:26680014

  8. Ruling out Piriformis Syndrome before Diagnosing Lumbar Radiculopathy

    Chi-Chien Niu

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Piriformis syndrome (PS, a rare cause of sciatica, is usually diagnosed onlyafter excluding all other possibilities. But this principle is being challengedbecause of the number of patients with PS who have had ineffective lumbardecompressive surgery after positive findings on image study.Methods: From 2001 to 2004, twelve patients with piriformis syndrome diagnosed byphysical examination were retrospectively enrolled in this study. Indicatorsof piriformis syndrome include a positive Freiberg sign and local tendernessover the piriformis tendon. All patients received local injection of triamcinoloneacetonide and lidocaine into the piriformis tendon. The course ofdiagnosis and treatment was reviewed retrospectively from patient recordsand patient recollections.Results: Of seven (58.3% patients who had positive findings on computed tomography(CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI studies of the lumbar spine,four had previously undergone unsuccessful lumbar surgeries but wereresponsive to local injection and three received the injection first. Two ofthose three required no lumbar discectomy thereafter. However, one patientsubsequently underwent lumbar decompression surgery because of failedresponse to the local injection. Three patients had negative CT or MRI findings,and two received no CT or MRI study. According to our diagnosticflowchart for PS, further lumbar surgery was unnecessary for eleven of thetwelve patients at follow-up.Conclusions: According to experience in this series, a Freiberg test and local injectionshould be performed first to rule out PS in patients with unilateral sciatica. Ifsymptoms are relieved by local injection and further physical therapy for PS,unnecessary lumbar surgery can be avoided.

  9. Single photon emission computed tomography in lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis

    Analysis of single photon emission computed tomographic images and plain X-ray films of the lumbar vertebrae was performed in 15 patients with lumbar spondylosis and 15 patients with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. The facet joint and osteophyte images were observed in particular, and the slipping ratio of spondylolisthetic vertebrae was determined. The slipping ratio of degenerative spondylolisthesis ranged from 11.8 % to 22.3 %. Hot uptake of 99mTc-HMDP by both L4-5 facet joints was significantly greater in the patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis than in those with lumbar spondylosis. The hot uptake by the osteophytes in lumbar spondylosis was nearly uniform among the three inferior segments, L3-4, L4-5 and L5-S, but was localized to the spondylolisthetic vertebrae, L4-5, or L5-S, in the patients with spondylolisthesis. Half of the osteophytes with hot uptake were assigned to the 3rd degree of Nathan's grading. It was suggested that stress was localized to the slipping vertebrae and their facet joints in patients with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. (author)

  10. Postural Cueing to Increase Lumbar Lordosis Increases Lumbar Multifidus Activation During Trunk Stabilization Exercises: Electromyographic Assessment Using Intramuscular Electrodes.

    Beneck, George J; Story, John W; Donald, Shelby

    2016-04-01

    Study Design Controlled laboratory study, repeated-measures design. Background Diminished multifidus activation and cross-sectional area are frequent findings in persons with low back pain. Increasing lumbar lordosis has been shown to increase activation of the multifidus with a minimal increase in activation of the long global extensors during unsupported sitting. Objectives To examine the influence of postural cueing to increase lumbar lordosis on lumbar extensor activation during trunk stabilization exercises. Methods Thirteen asymptomatic participants (9 male, 4 female) were instructed to perform 6 trunk stabilization exercises using a neutral position and increasing lumbar lordosis. Electrical activity of the deep multifidus and longissimus thoracis was recorded using fine-wire intramuscular electrodes. The mean root-mean-square of the electromyography (EMG) signal obtained during each exercise was normalized to a maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). A 2-way, repeated-measures analysis of variance (posture by exercise) was performed for each muscle. Results When averaged across the 6 exercises, postural cueing to increase lumbar lordosis resulted in greater multifidus EMG activity compared to performing the exercises in a neutral posture (35.3% ± 15.1% versus 29.5% ± 11.2% MVIC). No significant increase in longissimus thoracis EMG activity was observed when exercising with cueing to increase lumbar lordosis. Conclusion This study suggests that postural cueing to increase lumbar lordosis during trunk stabilization exercises may better promote multifidus activation than traditional stabilization exercises alone. Future studies are needed to determine whether increasing lumbar lordosis improves multifidus activation in persons with low back pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(4):293-299. Epub 8 Mar 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6174. PMID:26954268

  11. The effect of a lumbar support pillow on lumbar posture and comfort during a prolonged seated task

    Grondin, Diane E; Triano, John J.; Tran, Steve; Soave, David

    2013-01-01

    Background Several risk factors exist for the development of low back pain, including prolonged sitting and flexed spinal curvature. Several investigators have studied lumbar support devices and spinal curvatures in sitting, however few have investigated a pain population and reported a quantitative measure of comfort. The purpose of the current project was to determine whether a lumbar support pillow, outfitted with a cut-out to accommodate the bulk of posterior pelvic soft tissue volume, is...

  12. Efficacy of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss in posterior lumbar spine surgery for degenerative spinal stenosis with instability: a retrospective case control study

    Endres Stefan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Degenerative spinal stenosis and instability requiring multilevel spine surgery has been associated with large blood losses. Factors that affect perioperative blood loss include time of surgery, surgical procedure, patient height, combined anterior/posterior approaches, number of levels fused, blood salvage techniques, and the use of anti-fibrinolytic medications. This study was done to evaluate the efficacy of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss in spine surgery. Methods This retrospective case control study includes 97 patients who had to undergo surgery because of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis and instability. All operations included spinal decompression, interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation (4-5 segments. Forty-six patients received 1 g tranexamic acid intravenous, preoperative and six hours and twelve hours postoperative; 51 patients without tranexamic acid administration were evaluated as a control group. Based on the records, the intra- and postoperative blood losses were measured by evaluating the drainage and cell saver systems 6, 12 and 24 hours post operation. Additionally, hemoglobin concentration and platelet concentration were reviewed. Furthermore, the number of red cell transfusions given and complications associated with tranexamic acid were assessed. Results The postoperative hemoglobin concentration demonstrated a statistically significant difference with a p value of 0.0130 showing superiority for tranexamic acid use (tranexamic acid group: 11.08 g/dl, SD: 1.68; control group: 10.29 g/dl, SD: 1.39. The intraoperative cell saver volume and drainage volume after 24 h demonstrated a significant difference as well, which indicates a less blood loss in the tranexamic acid group than the control group. The postoperative drainage volume at12 hours showed no significant differences; nor did the platelet concentration Allogenic blood transfusion (two red cell units was needed for eight patients in the tranexamic acid group and nine in the control group because of postoperative anemia. Complications associated with the administration of tranexamic acid, e.g. renal failure, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism did not occur. Conclusions This study suggests a less blood loss when administering tranexamic acid in posterior lumbar spine surgery as demonstrated by the higher postoperative hemoglobin concentration and the less blood loss. But given the relatively small volume of blood loss in the patients of this study it is underpowered to show a difference in transfusion rates.

  13. Management of lumbar zygapophysial (facet) joint pain

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Hirsch, Joshua A; Falco, Frank JE; Boswell, Mark V

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the diagnostic validity and therapeutic value of lumbar facet joint interventions in managing chronic low back pain. METHODS: The review process applied systematic evidence-based assessment methodology of controlled trials of diagnostic validity and randomized controlled trials of therapeutic efficacy. Inclusion criteria encompassed all facet joint interventions performed in a controlled fashion. The pain relief of greater than 50% was the outcome measure for diagnostic accuracy assessment of the controlled studies with ability to perform previously painful movements, whereas, for randomized controlled therapeutic efficacy studies, the primary outcome was significant pain relief and the secondary outcome was a positive change in functional status. For the inclusion of the diagnostic controlled studies, all studies must have utilized either placebo controlled facet joint blocks or comparative local anesthetic blocks. In assessing therapeutic interventions, short-term and long-term reliefs were defined as either up to 6 mo or greater than 6 mo of relief. The literature search was extensive utilizing various types of electronic search media including PubMed from 1966 onwards, Cochrane library, National Guideline Clearinghouse, clinicaltrials.gov, along with other sources including previous systematic reviews, non-indexed journals, and abstracts until March 2015. Each manuscript included in the assessment was assessed for methodologic quality or risk of bias assessment utilizing the Quality Appraisal of Reliability Studies checklist for diagnostic interventions, and Cochrane review criteria and the Interventional Pain Management Techniques - Quality Appraisal of Reliability and Risk of Bias Assessment tool for therapeutic interventions. Evidence based on the review of the systematic assessment of controlled studies was graded utilizing a modified schema of qualitative evidence with best evidence synthesis, variable from level I to level V. RESULTS: Across all databases, 16 high quality diagnostic accuracy studies were identified. In addition, multiple studies assessed the influence of multiple factors on diagnostic validity. In contrast to diagnostic validity studies, therapeutic efficacy trials were limited to a total of 14 randomized controlled trials, assessing the efficacy of intraarticular injections, facet or zygapophysial joint nerve blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy of the innervation of the facet joints. The evidence for the diagnostic validity of lumbar facet joint nerve blocks with at least 75% pain relief with ability to perform previously painful movements was level I, based on a range of level I to V derived from a best evidence synthesis. For therapeutic interventions, the evidence was variable from level II to III, with level II evidence for lumbar facet joint nerve blocks and radiofrequency neurotomy for long-term improvement (greater than 6 mo), and level III evidence for lumbosacral zygapophysial joint injections for short-term improvement only. CONCLUSION: This review provides significant evidence for the diagnostic validity of facet joint nerve blocks, and moderate evidence for therapeutic radiofrequency neurotomy and therapeutic facet joint nerve blocks in managing chronic low back pain. PMID:27190760

  14. Fluoroscopic lumbar interlaminar epidural injections in managing chronic lumbar axial or discogenic pain

    Manchikanti L

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Laxmaiah Manchikanti,1,2 Kimberly A Cash,1 Carla D McManus,1 Vidyasagar Pampati,1 Ramsin Benyamin3,41Pain Management Center of Paducah, Paducah, KY; 2University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; 3Millennium Pain Center, Bloomington, IL; 4University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USAAbstract: Among the multiple causes of chronic low back pain, axial and discogenic pain are common. Various modalities of treatments are utilized in managing discogenic and axial low back pain including epidural injections. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the effectiveness, indications, and medical necessity of any treatment modality utilized for managing axial or discogenic pain, including epidural injections. In an interventional pain management practice in the US, a randomized, double-blind, active control trial was conducted. The objective was to assess the effectiveness of lumbar interlaminar epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids for managing chronic low back pain of discogenic origin. However, disc herniation, radiculitis, facet joint pain, or sacroiliac joint pain were excluded. Two groups of patients were studied, with 60 patients in each group receiving either local anesthetic only or local anesthetic mixed with non-particulate betamethasone. Primary outcome measures included the pain relief-assessed by numeric rating scale of pain and functional status assessed by the, Oswestry Disability Index, Secondary outcome measurements included employment status, and opioid intake. Significant improvement or success was defined as at least a 50% decrease in pain and disability. Significant improvement was seen in 77% of the patients in Group I and 67% of the patients in Group II. In the successful groups (those with at least 3 weeks of relief with the first two procedures, the improvement was 84% in Group I and 71% in Group II. For those with chronic function-limiting low back pain refractory to conservative management, it is concluded that lumbar interlaminar epidural injections of local anesthetic with or without steroids may be an effective modality for managing chronic axial or discogenic pain. This treatment appears to be effective for those who have had facet joints as well as sacroiliac joints eliminated as the pain source.Keywords: lumbar disc herniation, axial or discogenic pain, lumbar interlaminar epidural injections, local anesthetic, steroids, controlled comparative local anesthetic blocks, NCT00681447

  15. Zebrafish yap1 plays a role in differentiation of hair cells in posterior lateral line

    Loh, Siau-Lin; Teh, Cathleen; Muller, Julius; Guccione, Ernesto; Hong, Wanjin; Korzh, Vladimir

    2014-03-01

    The evolutionarily conserved Hippo signaling pathway controls organ size by regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis and this process involves Yap1. The zebrafish Yap1 acts during neural differentiation, but its function is not fully understood. The detailed analysis of yap1 expression in proliferative regions, revealed it in the otic placode that gives rise to the lateral line system affected by the morpholino-mediated knockdown of Yap1. The comparative microarray analysis of transcriptome of Yap1-deficient embryos demonstrated changes in expression of many genes, including the Wnt signaling pathway and, in particular, prox1a known for its role in development of mechanoreceptors in the lateral line. The knockdown of Yap1 causes a deficiency of differentiation of mechanoreceptors, and this defect can be rescued by prox1a mRNA. Our studies revealed a role of Yap1 in regulation of Wnt signaling pathway and its target Prox1a during differentiation of mechanosensory cells.

  16. Bias in the physical examination of patients with lumbar radiculopathy

    Katz Jeffrey N

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background No prior studies have examined systematic bias in the musculoskeletal physical examination. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of bias due to prior knowledge of lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging findings (MRI on perceived diagnostic accuracy of the physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy. Methods This was a cross-sectional comparison of the performance characteristics of the physical examination with blinding to MRI results (the 'independent group' with performance in the situation where the physical examination was not blinded to MRI results (the 'non-independent group'. The reference standard was the final diagnostic impression of nerve root impingement by the examining physician. Subjects were recruited from a hospital-based outpatient specialty spine clinic. All adults age 18 and older presenting with lower extremity radiating pain of duration ≤ 12 weeks were evaluated for participation. 154 consecutively recruited subjects with lumbar disk herniation confirmed by lumbar spine MRI were included in this study. Sensitivities and specificities with 95% confidence intervals were calculated in the independent and non-independent groups for the four components of the radiculopathy examination: 1 provocative testing, 2 motor strength testing, 3 pinprick sensory testing, and 4 deep tendon reflex testing. Results The perceived sensitivity of sensory testing was higher with prior knowledge of MRI results (20% vs. 36%; p = 0.05. Sensitivities and specificities for exam components otherwise showed no statistically significant differences between groups. Conclusions Prior knowledge of lumbar MRI results may introduce bias into the pinprick sensory testing component of the physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy. No statistically significant effect of bias was seen for other components of the physical examination. The effect of bias due to prior knowledge of lumbar MRI results should be considered when an isolated sensory deficit on examination is used in medical decision-making. Further studies of bias should include surgical clinic populations and other common diagnoses including shoulder, knee and hip pathology.

  17. Magnetic resonance imaging of normal lumbar intervertebral discs

    Objective was to study changes in midpoint lumbar disc heights in an asymptomatic Jordanian sample relative to age, sex, lumbar level and midvertebral heights. A total of 153 asymptomatic patients (87 males, age range 20-65 years; mean 43+/-12.1 and 66 females, age range 22-68 years; mean 47+/-13.7) were selected during the study period. All underwent midsagittal magnetic resonance imaging to measure the midpoint disc height and midvertebral height of all lumbar spines. Values were statistically analyzed to obtain the significance of differences in the means of midpoint disc heights at different levels in every age group and among other age groups. The relative height indices for every lumbar level in each age group for both males and females were determined. The results showed that a highly significant sex-independent cephalocaudal increase sequence of midpoint disc heights is evident, where maximum values are reached at lumbar 3/4 level in the younger age groups and at lumbar 5/sacral 1 level in older ones. In relation to age, midpoint disc heights displayed a non-linear, alternating increase/decrease pattern, which was of higher magnitude and statistically significant in males, but less evident and statistically insignificant in females. Maximum values were reached during the 6th decade in males while during the 5th decade in females. The relative height indices were similar in both sexes and remained fairly constant between age groups at all levels. The craniocaudal and age-dependent patterns could be termed physiological and interpreted as adaptation of the lumbar spine to changing functional demands. The utility of the relative height index is discussed. (author)

  18. Resultados de ciruga de la estenosis degenerativa del canal vertebral lumbar / Surgical results of degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis

    Erick Hctor, Hernndez Gonzlez; Antonio, Puentes lvarez; Gretell, Mosquera Betancourt.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: la estenosis lumbar es el estrechamiento del canal vertebral, el receso lateral o del canal de la raz, de causa congnita o adquirida. Su prevalencia en Cuba est por el orden del 6 % de la poblacin y es una de las principales causas de dolor lumbar o lumbocitico de los pacientes mayo [...] res de 40 aos. Objetivo: caracterizar los resultados del tratamiento quirrgico de la estenosis degenerativa del canal vertebral lumbar en el Hospital Universitario Provincial Amalia Simoni de Camagey. Mtodo: se realiz un estudio prospectivo y descriptivo en el perodo comprendido entre enero de 2009 a septiembre de 2011, en una muestra no probabilstica de 27 pacientes seleccionados segn criterios de inclusin y exclusin. Se emplearon tcnicas de estadstica descriptiva para el anlisis de los datos. Resultados: mayor incidencia en el sexo masculino, en las edades comprendidas entre 60-69 aos. Las estenosis monosegmentarias fueron las ms frecuentes, con mayor afectacin del cuarto y quinto segmento lumbar. Luego de aplicadas las tcnicas quirrgicas los pacientes estudiados mejoraron de discapacidad a limitacin funcional mnima en el grupo de descompresin pura y a moderada en el grupo de descompresin ms estabilizacin. El dolor posquirrgico se present como la principal complicacin, seguido de la infeccin de la herida quirrgica. Conclusiones: el tratamiento quirrgico de la estenosis degenerativa del canal lumbar mejora el estado clnico de los pacientes con poca morbilidad asociada Abstract in english Background: lumbar spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal, lateral recess and root canal, of congenital or acquired cause. Its prevalence in Cuba is about 6 % of the population and it is one of the main causes of lumbar or sciatic pain in adults over 40 years. Objective: to characteriz [...] e the results of the surgical treatment in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis at the University Hospital Amalia Simoni in Camagey. Method: a prospective and descriptive study was conducted from January 2009 to September 2011 in a non-probabilistic sample of 27 patients selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. For data analysis, descriptive statistics techniques were used. Results: a greater incidence in males between 60-69 years old was obtained. Monosegmentary stenoses were more frequent and the fourth and fifth lumbar segment the most affected. After surgical techniques were applied, the studied patients improved from disability to minimal functional limitation in the group of pure decompression and moderate functional limitation in the group of decompression and stabilization. Postoperative pain and infection of surgical wound were the most common complications. Conclusions: the surgical treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis improved the clinical status of patients with low comorbidity

  19. Computed tomography in lumbar degenerative disease

    We reported the 18 patients which underwent surgical exploration and reviewed these CT findings. Method All CT scans were obtained on Somatom II, high resolution CT scanner, with the patient in the supine position. A lateral localizer image (Topogram) was used to select the appropriate intervertebral disk space. The slice thickness was 4 mm. Results 1) CT findings in lumbar degenerative diseases include bony canal stenosis (central canal stenosis, narrowed lateral recess), soft tissue abnormalities (herniated nucleus pulposus, bulging annulus, hypertrophy and/or ossification of ligamentum flavum, no delineation of nerve root in lateral recess), and spinal instability (spondylolisthesis, vacuum phenomenon). 2) The above three factors contribute to narrowing of spinal canal. 3) No delineation of nerve root or soft tissue replacement of epidural fat in lateral recess suggests that the nerve root may be compressed by some factors. 4) Herniated nucleus pulposus may cause nerve root compression with or without canal stenosis. Conclusion This study revealed that the CT findings correlated closely with the surgical findings and the site of nerve root compression could be determined. (author)

  20. Spontaneous regression of herniated lumbar disks

    Four cases of spontaneous regression of herniated nucleus polposus are described, which were followed after conservative medical treatment. Three female and one male patients who suffered from severe lumbago were evaluated; their age ranged 24-59 years. From the first CT scan on which herniation was diagnosed to follow-up control after complete regression of symptoms an average period of 14 months elapsed. Comparing ours with literature data, a substantial agreement was observed of both timing of spontaneous regression and location (most often involved was the last lumbar invertebral space). The age of one of our patients (59 years) is to be stressed, which is well above the mean age reported in literature (35 years). The pathogenesis of regression is still unknown. The most reliable hypotesis seems to be that of dehydratation and progressive atrophy of the erniated nucleus polposus. The apperance, in some cases, of the vacuum disk phenomenon seems to support such a thesis. Therefore, the diagnosis of a herniated nucleus polposus of relatively small size, still contained in an intact posterior longitudinal ligament, widely justifies the choice of waiting tactics

  1. Risk Factors for Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Huang, Weimin; Han, Zhiwei; Liu, Jiang; Yu, Lili; Yu, Xiuchun

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH) is a common complication following primary discectomy. This systematic review aimed to investigate the current evidence on risk factors for rLDH. Cohort or case-control studies addressing risk factors for rLDH were identified by search in Pubmed (Medline), Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library from inception to June 2015. Relevant results were pooled to give overall estimates if possible. Heterogeneity among studies was examined and publication bias was also assessed. A total of 17 studies were included in this systematic review. Risk factors that had significant relation with rLDH were smoking (OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.532.58), disc protrusion (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.152.79), and diabetes (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.061.32). Gender, BMI, occupational work, level, and side of herniation did not correlate with rLDH significantly. Based on current evidence, smoking, disc protrusion, and diabetes were predictors for rLDH. Patients with these risk factors should be paid more attention for prevention of recurrence after primary surgery. More evidence provided by high-quality observational studies is still needed to further investigate risk factors for rLDH. PMID:26765413

  2. 3-D MRI for lumbar degenerative diseases

    Three-dimensional (3-D) magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained from 10 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases were retrospectively reviewed to determine how far 3-D MR imaging is capable of demonstrating nerve roots. In 8 of the 10 patients, the area up to the dorsal root ganglion was visualized on 3-D MR images. Thus, it is capable of detecting a wide area of nerve roots, thereby allowing the determination of running of nerve root, and size and location of dorsal root ganglion. In delineating the area from the dural canal to root cyst, 3-D MR imaging was equal to conventional myelography. The former was superior to the latter in detecting the positional relation between the degenerative intervertebral disc and the nerve root, and herniation-compressed root cyst. In 3 of 9 patients who presented with root symptoms, disturbed nerve roots were of high signal on 3-D MR images. This may suggest that it has the potential for selectively detecting root nerves associated with clinical manifestations. (N.K.)

  3. Endoscopic posterior decompression of lumbar canal stenosis

    Yad Ram Yadav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar canal stenosis (LCS is quite common. Surgery is indicated when patient fails to improve after conservative treatment. Endoscopic technique can be used in LCS and lateral recess stenosis. It can be performed in degenerative canal stenosis or with disc bulges. Bilateral severe bony canal stenosis and unstable spine are the contraindications. This procedure should be avoided in patients with a history of trauma. Detailed history and thorough physical examination should be performed to find out exact level of pathology responsible for symptoms. Patient′s symptoms must correlate with radiological findings. Magnetic resonance imaging is the investigation of choice because of its superior visualization of soft-tissue. Computed tomography scan does give a more accurate and detailed picture of the bony anatomy. Although the operative time and the complication rate could be more in the initial learning curve, the results of endoscopic decompression are comparable with conventional open procedures with the additional benefit of decreased complications and lower morbidity, when sufficient experience is gained. Complications in endoscopic surgery for LCS could be dural tears, hematomas and root and facet injury. This procedure is also associated with limitations such as steep learning curve and the contra lateral decompression may not be as good as ipsilateral side. Some of the limitations of this technique can be overcome by attending live operative workshop, practice on models and hands on cadaveric dissection. Conversion to an open procedure may be required when there is disorientation, management of dural tear and for control of bleeding.

  4. Case report of lumbar intradural capillary hemangioma

    Unnithan, Ajaya Kumar Ayyappan; Joseph, T. P.; Gautam, Amol; Shymole, V.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Capillary hemangioma is a rare tumor in spinal intradural location. Despite the rarity, early recognition is important because of the risk of hemorrhage. This is a case report of a woman who had capillary hemangioma of cauda equina. Case Description: A 54 -year-old woman presented with a low backache, radiating to the left leg for 2 months. She had left extensor hallucis weakness, sensory impairment in left L5 dermatome, and mild tenderness in lower lumbar spine. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) LS spine showed L4/5 intradural tumor, completely occluding canal in myelogram, enhancing with contrast, s/o benign nerve sheath tumor. L4 laminectomy was done. Reddish tumor was seen originating from a single root. It was removed preserving the root. Postoperatively, she was relieved of symptoms. MRI showed no residue. Histopathology showed lobular proliferation of capillary-sized blood vessels and elongated spindle cells. Immunohistochemistry showed CD34 positivity in endothelial cell lining of blood vessel and smooth muscle actin positivity in blood vessel muscle cells. HPR-capillary hemangioma. Conclusion: Although rare, capillary hemangioma should be in the differential diagnosis of intradural tumors. It closely mimics nerve sheath tumor. PMID:27069745

  5. Lumbar multifidus muscle changes in unilateral lumbar disc herniation using magnetic resonance imaging

    Altinkaya, Naime [Baskent University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Adana (Turkey); Cekinmez, Melih [Baskent University Medical School Adana, Department of Neurosurgery, Adana (Turkey)

    2016-01-15

    To assess multifidus muscle asymmetry using the cross-sectional area (CSA) and perpendicular distance of the multifidus muscle to the lamina (MLD) measurements in patients with nerve compression due to lumbosacral disc hernia. In total, 122 patients who underwent microdiscectomy for unilateral radiculopathy caused by disc herniation, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were evaluated retrospectively. Posterolateral or foraminal disc herniation at only one disc level, the L3-4, L4-L5, or L5-S1 region, was confirmed using MRI. Subjects were divided by symptom duration: 1-30 days, (group A), 31-90 days (group B), and > 90 days (group C). There were 48 cases in group A, 26 in group B, and 48 in group C. In groups A, B, and C, the median MLD differed significantly between the diseased and normal sides (P < 0.05). The MLD increased on the diseased side with symptom duration by lumbar disc herniation. The diseased side MLD was 5.1, 6.7, and 7.6 mm in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P < 0.05). The cut-off values for the MLD measurements were 5.3 mm (sensitivity = 62.3 %, specificity = 55.5 %; P < 0.05). In groups A, B, and C, the median CSA of the multifidus muscle was not significantly different between the diseased and the normal side (P > 0.05). The MLD measurement correlated significantly with multifidus asymmetry in patients with lumbar disc herniation. (orig.)

  6. Lumbar multifidus muscle changes in unilateral lumbar disc herniation using magnetic resonance imaging

    To assess multifidus muscle asymmetry using the cross-sectional area (CSA) and perpendicular distance of the multifidus muscle to the lamina (MLD) measurements in patients with nerve compression due to lumbosacral disc hernia. In total, 122 patients who underwent microdiscectomy for unilateral radiculopathy caused by disc herniation, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were evaluated retrospectively. Posterolateral or foraminal disc herniation at only one disc level, the L3-4, L4-L5, or L5-S1 region, was confirmed using MRI. Subjects were divided by symptom duration: 1-30 days, (group A), 31-90 days (group B), and > 90 days (group C). There were 48 cases in group A, 26 in group B, and 48 in group C. In groups A, B, and C, the median MLD differed significantly between the diseased and normal sides (P < 0.05). The MLD increased on the diseased side with symptom duration by lumbar disc herniation. The diseased side MLD was 5.1, 6.7, and 7.6 mm in groups A, B, and C, respectively (P < 0.05). The cut-off values for the MLD measurements were 5.3 mm (sensitivity = 62.3 %, specificity = 55.5 %; P < 0.05). In groups A, B, and C, the median CSA of the multifidus muscle was not significantly different between the diseased and the normal side (P > 0.05). The MLD measurement correlated significantly with multifidus asymmetry in patients with lumbar disc herniation. (orig.)

  7. [A 3-dimensional reconstructive procedure in lumbar computed tomography].

    Kern, A; Waggershauser, T; Zendel, W; Astinet, A; Hansen, K; Lanksch, W R; Felix, R

    1991-08-01

    In this study, 50 patients were examined by a Siemens' "Somatom Plus"; continuous 2 mm sections between the third lumbar and first sacral vertebra were obtained. The accuracy of the 3-D reconstruction software programme was checked by measuring a polyethylene phantom of a second lumbar vertebra. Reconstruction was carried out with a threshold definition of 150 Hu. In each case, four standard projections and medio-sagittal, medio-lateral and coronary sections were reconstructed, photographed and compared with axial CT sections and conventional radiographs. All these imaging procedures were suitable for the diagnosis of osteochondrosis and chondrosis. Spondylosis was diagnosed more frequently on 3-D CT. Spondylarthrosis, with narrowing of the intervertebral foramina and root canals is shown particularly well by 3-D CT, since the entire extent of these structures can be seen. 3-D surface reconstruction of the lumbar spine is useful in the diagnosis of lumbar spondylarthrosis with narrowing of the root canals and of the spinal canal. This method of axial Ct is superior to conventional radiography of the lumbar spine in the usual two planes. PMID:1878546

  8. Clinical applications of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar foraminal nerve root entrapment

    Eguchi, Yawara; Ohtori, Seiji; Yamashita, Masaomi; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Suzuki, Munetaka; Orita, Sumihisa; Kamoda, Hiroto; Arai, Gen; Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro; Miyagi, Masayuki; Ochiai, Nobuyasu; Kishida, Shunji; Masuda, Yoshitada; Ochi, Shigehiro; Kikawa, Takashi

    2010-01-01

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can provide valuable structural information about tissues that may be useful for clinical applications in evaluating lumbar foraminal nerve root entrapment. Our purpose was to visualize the lumbar nerve root and to analyze its morphology, and to measure its apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in healthy volunteers and patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis using 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging. Fourteen patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis and 14 healthy...

  9. Electrodiagnosis in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Review

    Stephen K?shner

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS is a narrowing of the spinal canal and/or the neuroforamina through which the spinal cord roots enter and exit. The symptoms of LSS usually begin over the course of several months and include neurogenic claudication. This is characterized by low back pain that radiates down one or both legs producing pain or weakness. LSS can be quite debilitating and can have a profound negative effect on ones activities of daily living and overall quality of life. Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI are routinely performed in the work-up of suspected LSS. In recent years, there has been much controversy over the actual clinical usefulness of these studies. When compared to electrodiagnostic studies, CT and MRI have been shown to have increased false negative and false positive rates. Electrodiagnostic studies show dynamic physiological neural function and has become a valuable tool in LSS. This information can be used to determine the location and severity of LSS, differentiate LSS from other conditions, and monitor the progression. Electrodiagnostic techniques such as somatosensory evoked potentials, dermatomal somatosensory evoked potentials (DSEPs, and paraspinal mapping (PM increase both the sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing LSS. DSEPs provide useful information on multi-level, multiple rootlet disease. PM reflects the physiology of nerve roots and has been found to be superior to extremity needle EMG. Electrodiagnostic techniques are becoming the standard in the diagnosis and therapeutic decisions for LSS and other related diseases.Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:75-80.

  10. Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners

    Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

    2007-02-15

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

  11. Clinical study of CT discography for the lumbar disc herniation

    The purpose of this clinical study was to introduce technique for correct positioning of the needle into the center of the disc for discography by means of CT analysis and also to clarify usefulness of CT discography for diagnosis of the lumbar disc herniation. We have taken CT analysis in order to determine correct place and the angle of inserting the needle. This measurement provides easy needle insertion. Unless the needle tip places center of disc, discogram false positive or negative will occur as a result. The materials of this study are 222 discs of 105 cases with the lumbar disc herniation. Comparative study of the findings among myelography, discography and CT discography was investigated. The results indicated that CT discography demonstrates the most clear findings and is useful in the diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation, especially in obtaining detailed observation of herniated discs. (author)

  12. Manual therapy treatment of lumbar radiculopathy: A single case report

    J.A. Riley

    2011-01-01

    Patients  with  lumbar  radiculopathy  are  often  managed with  manual therapy.  The  aim  of  this  single  case  study  was  to  describe  the outcome of manual therapy treatment of a patient with lumbar radiculopathy.  A 47-year-old female presented with acute, severe left buttock and postero-lateral thigh pain.  Symptom provocation occurred during lumbar flexion, coughing, sneezing, driving and prolonged sitting. her left straight leg raise neurodynamic test was limited and reproduced he...

  13. Treatment of lumbar disc herniation: Evidence-based practice

    Andrew J Schoenfeld

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Andrew J Schoenfeld1, Bradley K Weiner21Department of Orthopedic Surgery, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA; 2Weill Cornell Medical College and The Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USAClinical question: What is the best treatment for lumbar disc herniations? Results: For patients failing six weeks of conservative care, the current literature supports surgical intervention or prolonged conservative management as appropriate treatment options for lumbar radiculopathy in the setting of disc herniation. Surgical intervention may result in more rapid relief of symptoms and restoration of function.Implementation: While surgery appears to provide more rapid relief, many patients will gradually get better with continued nonoperative management; thus, patient education and active participation in decision-making is vital.Keywords: lumbar disc, herniation, back pain, spine

  14. [Diagnostic value of saccoradiculography and scanner in lumbar stenoses].

    Arrault, I; Benoist, M; Rocolle, J; Busson, J; Lassale, B; Deburge, A

    1987-10-01

    Radiculographic X-rays and CAT scans of 60 patients operated on for stenosis of the lumbar canal were analyzed separately and retrospectively by rheumatologists, a radiologist and surgeons working jointly, without knowledge of findings revealed by surgery. Comparison of findings with a detailed surgical report reveals that in the case of central lumbar canal stenosis, CAT scan provides a higher degree of reliability (72%) in diagnosis than does radiculography (56%). With lateral stenosis of the lateral cleft, reliability of both tests is identical (62%). The diagnostic deficiencies of these two examinations are discussed as well as diagnostic criteria employed and possible avenues of research. Currently, in the case of stenosis of the lumbar canal, it is still necessary to perform both of these examinations in combination and to accept the fact that, in certain cases, only one of the two tests reveals the stenosis, to be able to attain a preoperative rate of correct diagnosis greater than 80%. PMID:3423708

  15. CT-guided epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis

    Objective: To identify the short and long-term therapeutic benefits of CT-guided transforaminal epidural steroid injections in lumbar spinal stenosis. Methods: Thirty six patients with lumbar spinal stenosis shown by CT underwent CT-guided transforaminal epidural steroid injections because of irresponsible to conservative treatment. Patients were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) before the initial injection, at 2 weeks and 1 year after the injection. Results: All patients were followed up for 2 weeks and 1 year. 19 (52.8%) patients had successful short-term outcome, and 15(41.6%) had long-term outcome. 15(41.6%) patients satisfied with the short-term result and 12(33.3%) were satisfactory with the long-term result. Conclusions: CT-guided transforaminal epidural steroid injection may reduce the pain and improve the quality of life in some patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. (authors)

  16. [Management of deep wound infections in spinal lumbar fusions].

    Falavigna, Asdrubal; Righesso Neto, Orlando; Fonseca, Gabriela Poglia; Nervo, Monique

    2006-12-01

    The rate of deep wound infections in spinal lumbar fusions is around 0.7% to 11.6%, being one of the causes of morbidity in acute phase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of spinal infection after internal lumbar fusions. Two hundred and sixty patients, who underwent to spinal surgery with lumbar fusion and iliac bone grafting, were analized, from January 1997 to January 2005. Wound infection was observed in eight (3%) cases. The average of age was 56 years, with a higher prevalence in males (5 patients). Most prevalent was Staphylococcus aureus in 6 patients. The treatment was done by intravenous antibiotic therapy folowed by oral therapy and local irrigation. The average time of hospitalization was 35.8 days. It was possible to erradicate infection without removal of instrumentation in all patients. PMID:17221012

  17. Microsurgical lumbar discectomy: preliminary report of 83 consecutive cases.

    Wilson, D H; Kenning, J

    1979-02-01

    The application of microsurgical technique to lumbar discectomy may be of dual value: minimal disruption of the integrity of normal anatomy and meticulous hemostasis may help to speed the process of convalescence, and the retention of epidural fat around the nerve root may help to prevent adhesions, a common cause of the late, "failed disc" syndrome. The authors report their experience with 83 consecutive microdiscectomies for lumbar disc protrusions. The results must be considered as tentative because the follow-up period has been short and the authors found it difficult to quantify the quality of health during the convalescent phase, although this seemed to be excellent. Their short term results are similar to those of the larger series reported by Williams, whose experience with microsurgical lumbar discectomies began 6 years ago. No other series have been reported. The authors describe their technique and compare it to that of Williams. PMID:440544

  18. Rate-dependent fracture characteristics of lumbar vertebral bodies.

    Stemper, Brian D; Yoganandan, Narayan; Baisden, Jamie L; Umale, Sagar; Shah, Alok S; Shender, Barry S; Paskoff, Glenn R

    2015-01-01

    Experimental testing incorporating lumbar columns and isolated components is essential to advance the understanding of injury tolerance and for the development of safety enhancements. This study incorporated a whole column axial acceleration model and an isolated vertebral body model to quantify compression rates during realistic loading and compressive tolerance of vertebrae. Eight lumbar columns and 53 vertebral bodies from 23 PMHS were used. Three-factor ANOVA was used to determine significant differences (pmechanics between vertebral bodies obtained from males and females demonstrated non-significant trends, with female vertebral bodies having lower ultimate force that would be associated with decreased injury tolerance. This was likely a result of smaller vertebrae in that population. Combined with existing literature, results presented in this manuscript contribute to the understanding of lumbar spine tolerance during axial loading events that occur in both military and civilian environments with regard to effects of compression rate and gender. PMID:25154535

  19. Mediciones del canal raqudeo lumbar del adulto cubano

    Beatriz Expsito Rodrguez

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizaron mediciones del canal raqudeo lumbar en estudios radiogrficos simples de la columna lumbosacra en las vistas anteroposterior y lateral, en 200 adultos sin antecedentes de dolor y afeccin lumbar o ambos. Se utiliz la tcnica recomendada por Eisenstein en 1976 para definir el margen posterior del canal. Se corrobor la importancia del dimetro sagital como parmetro esencial para determinar la estenosis del canal estando los lmites de la normalidad entre 14,7 y 21 mm. Se establece como lmite inferior de la distancia interpedicular 22,6 mm. El canal de las mujeres es menor que el de los hombres, y el canal de la raza negroide es menor al de la raza caucasiana y los mestizos en su dimetro sagital. Se recomienda este mtodo con el fin de establecer un diagnstico precoz de la estenosis del canal en el sector lumbar.Measurements of the lumbar spinal canal were made in simple radiographic studies of the lumbosacral column in the anteroposterior and lateral view in 200 adults with no antecedents of pain or lumbar affection. The technique recommended by Eisenstein in 1976 to define the posterior edge of the canal was used. The importance of the sagittal diameter as an essential parameter to determine the stenosis of the canal was corroborated. Normal limits are between 14.7 and 21 mm. An inferior limit of the interpedicular distance of 22.6 mm is established. The women's canal is smaller than that of men, whereas the canal of the black persons is lower than that of Caucasians and mestizos in its sagittal diameter. This method is recommended in order to made an early diagnosis of the stenosis of the canal in the lumbar sector.

  20. Spontaneous ligamentum flavum hematoma in the lumbar spine

    Lumbar or sacral nerve root compression is most commonly caused by intervertebral disc degeneration and/or herniation. Less frequently, other extradural causes may be implicated, such as infection, neoplasm, epidural hematoma, or ligamentum flavum pathology. We present the case of a patient with spontaneous ligamentum flavum hematoma compressing the L4 nerve root, without antecedent trauma. Although exceedingly rare, the diagnosis of ligamentum flavum pathology in general, and that of ligamentum flavum hematoma in particular, should be considered on those rare occasions when the etiology of lumbar or sacral nerve root compressions appears enigmatic on radiological studies. Usually surgical treatment produces excellent clinical outcome. (orig.)

  1. CT reconstruction technique in lumbar intraneuroforaminal disc herniation

    The CT appearance of the lumbar neural foramina and contents is described in detail and compared to histopathological specimens. Direct axial scans with secondary sagittal, coronal and paraxial reconstruction series of slices of the neuralforamen were derived from lumbar spine examination of fifty normal adults. These normal parameters were then used to evaluate and subdivide 20 patients with disc herniation involving the neuralforamen. The new paraxial reformation was able to show an intraneuroforaminal disc involvement. CT-reformation technique and operative results in intraneuroforaminal disc herniation correspond in 80%. This improvement in preoperative diagnosis demonstrates to the neurosurgeon the full extent of disc herniation and results in an optimized operative approach. (orig.)

  2. Lumbo-Costo-Vertebral Syndrome with Congenital Lumbar Hernia

    Lucky Gupta

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Lumbo-costo-vertebral syndrome (LCVS is a set of rare abnormalities involving vertebral bodies, ribs, and abdominal wall. We present a case of LCVS in a 2-year-old girl who had a progressive swelling over left lumbar area noted for the last 12 months. Clinical examination revealed a reducible swelling with positive cough impulse. Ultrasonography showed a defect containing bowel loops in the left lumbar region. Chest x-ray showed scoliosis and hemivertebrae with absent lower ribs on left side. Meshplasty was done.

  3. Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging of lumbar disc herniation

    We studied the accuracy of MRI in lumbar disc herniation, comparing the results with the operative findings in the assessment of the rupture of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL), and type of herniation. The MRI findings in 47 subjects who were operated on for lumbar disc herniation were retrospectively studied. The accuracy rate was 75.2% for the rupture of the PLL and 40.4% for the type of herniation respectively. It was hard to differentiate subligamentous extrusion from transligamentous extrusion on MRI. (author)

  4. Spontaneous ligamentum flavum hematoma in the lumbar spine

    Keynan, Ory; Ashkenazi, Ely; Floman, Yizhar [Israel Spine Center at Assuta Hospital, Tel Aviv (Israel); Smorgick, Yossi [Israel Spine Center at Assuta Hospital, Tel Aviv (Israel); Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zerifin (Israel); Schwartz, Allan J. [Hadassah University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Section of Neuroradiology, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2006-09-15

    Lumbar or sacral nerve root compression is most commonly caused by intervertebral disc degeneration and/or herniation. Less frequently, other extradural causes may be implicated, such as infection, neoplasm, epidural hematoma, or ligamentum flavum pathology. We present the case of a patient with spontaneous ligamentum flavum hematoma compressing the L4 nerve root, without antecedent trauma. Although exceedingly rare, the diagnosis of ligamentum flavum pathology in general, and that of ligamentum flavum hematoma in particular, should be considered on those rare occasions when the etiology of lumbar or sacral nerve root compressions appears enigmatic on radiological studies. Usually surgical treatment produces excellent clinical outcome. (orig.)

  5. Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging of lumbar disc herniation

    Ikeda, Takashi; Nakamura, Takafumi; Kikuchi, Taro; Watanabe, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Katsumasa; Yoshizumi, Kazuhiro; Katahira, Kazuhiro [Kumamoto Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2000-03-01

    We studied the accuracy of MRI in lumbar disc herniation, comparing the results with the operative findings in the assessment of the rupture of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL), and type of herniation. The MRI findings in 47 subjects who were operated on for lumbar disc herniation were retrospectively studied. The accuracy rate was 75.2% for the rupture of the PLL and 40.4% for the type of herniation respectively. It was hard to differentiate subligamentous extrusion from transligamentous extrusion on MRI. (author)

  6. [Interspinous decompression as treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis].

    Mnnich, U; Knig, D P; Loch, Ch; Heyll, U

    2007-12-01

    Interspinous process distractors are an effective operative tool for treating patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar stenosis with minor secondary instabilities due to degenerative changes in the segment can also be treated successfully with these devices. In case of failure, these devices can easily be revised or removed. As this operative procedure is not very time-consuming, it is a reasonable option for elderly patients with various medical problems and increased anaesthetic risk. There are reports of implanting these devices in certain cases under local anaesthetic. A prospective randomised trial has shown promising results for up to two years postoperatively. There are no long-term results available. PMID:18210989

  7. A generic detailed rigid-body lumbar spine model

    De Zee, Mark; Hansen, Lone; Wong, Christian; Rasmussen, John; Simonsen, Erik B

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this work is to present a musculo-skeletal model of the lumbar spine, which can be shared and lends itself to investigation in many locations by different researchers. This has the potential for greater reproducibility and subsequent improvement of its quality from the combined...... literature. The work resulted in a detailed lumbar spine model with seven rigid segments with 18 degrees-of-freedom and 154 muscles. The model is able to produce a maximum extension moment of 238 Nm around L5/S1. Moreover, a comparison was made with in vivo intradiscal pressure measurements of the L4-5 disc...

  8. Application of percutaneous endoscopic RF/holmium laser lumbar discectomy in the lumbar disc herniation (attach 160 cases reported)

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic discectomy for the lumbar disc herniation and to determine the prognostic factors affecting surgical outcome. Methods: In the group of 160 cases, posterolateral and trans-interlaminar endoscopic Ho: YAG laser and radio frequency-assisted disc excisions were performed under local anesthesia. Results: In 160 patients with post-surgical follow-up period was 15 months on average (7 ? 24 months). Based on the MacNab criteria, there were 117 cases in which result was excellent, in 19 cases good, in 12 cases fair, and in 12 cases poor, and successful rate was 85%. Conclusion: Percutaneous endoscopy lumbar discectomy is effective for recurrent disc herniation in the selected. In applies in particular to the traditional open surgery of lumbar disc herniation in patients with recurrent. (authors)

  9. Bloqueo epidural lumbar continuo para espasmos vesicales incoercibles / Continuous lumbar epidural uncontrollable bladder spasms

    C., Lpez Carballo; S., Vzquez del Valle; M., Garrido Garca; J., Pico Veloso; R., Valle Yez; M. J., Bermdez Lpez; F. J., Pardo-Sobrino Lpez.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos un caso clnico de espasmos vesicales por hiperactividad del detrusor de la vejiga, desencadenados por lavado vesical continuo aplicado en un paciente con hematuria, en el contexto de hipertrofia benigna de prstata. Los espasmos llegaron a ser refractarios a tratamiento sistmico con an [...] timuscarnicos, espasmolticos y opioides. Se opt por la colocacin de un catter epidural lumbar para infusin continua de anestsicos locales y opioides como terapia analgsica alternativa, que no solo proporcion un aceptable grado de confort, sino que permiti el mantenimiento del sondaje uretral y el lavado vesical continuo. Realizamos una revisin bibliogrfica sobre el uso del bloqueo epidural de la neurotransmisin de las aferencias sensitivas vesicales en dolor de origen disfuncional vesical, y analizamos algunas de la teoras publicadas sobre la fisiopatologa y gnesis de dolor en estos trastornos vesicales, con la intencin de interpretar las peculiaridades y complejidad del dolor en el cuadro del caso presentado. Abstract in english We present a clinical case of bladder spasms due to detrusor overactitivity, triggered by continuous vesicoclysis therapy, which was applied in a patient with benign prostatic hypertrophy-related hematuria. Bladder spasms turned out to be refractory to combined antimuscarinic, spasmolytic and system [...] ic opioid therapies. Implantation of a lumbar epidural catheter was chosen for continuous epidural infusion of local anesthetics and opioid drugs as an alternate analgesic therapy, which provided the patient an optimum comfort, but let urethral indwelling catheterization and the maintenance of continuous vesicoclysis therapy as well. We reviewed scientific literature concerning bladder-afferent neurotransmission blockade at epidural level for dysfunctional bladder pain therapy, and discussed several published theories about pain physiopathology and origin in those cases of dysfunctional bladder disturbance, with the aim to interpret the peculiarity and complexity of the described clinical case.

  10. Homeopatía y dolor lumbar Homeopathy and lumbar pain

    Eva María Castro Morillo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available El dolor lumbar es una causa frecuente que afecta a los pacientes que acuden a consulta, siendo uno de los más incapacitantes. Prevalece en la población adulta, con mayor incidencia en los mayores de 30 años, pudiendo evolucionar por crisis, o ser constante y resultar temporal, permanente o recidivante. En su tratamiento se emplean medicamentos alopáticos, modalidades físicas y diferentes técnicas de medicina natural y tradicional con el objetivo de aliviar el dolor, recuperar o mantener la función, así como evitar su recurrencia. Teniendo en cuenta el desarrollo en los últimos tiempos de la homeopatía, se decidió realizar una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de identificar los principales medicamentos homeopáticos susceptibles de ser utilizados en esta entidad según criterios actuales.The lumbar pain is a frequent symptom affecting patients assisting the consultation, and it is one of the most incapacitating. It prevails among the adult population, with a higher incidence in those aged more than 30 years. It may lead to crisis, or may be constant and temporal, permanent or recidivist. Treating it we use allopathic medicines, physical modalities and different traditional and natural medicine techniques with the objective of alleviating pain, recover or maintain the function, and also avoiding its recurrence. Considering the current development of the homeopathy, we decided to make a bibliographic review to identify the main homeopathic medicines that could be used in this entity according to the current criteria.

  11. Long-term outcomes and quality of lift after percutaneous lumbar discectomy for lumbar disc herniation

    Objective: To assess the long-term outcomes as well as the living quality of the patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) after the treatment of percutaneous lumbar discectomy (PLD), and to discuss the influential factors related to the long-term effectiveness. Methods: During the period of January 2000 to March 2002, PLD was performed in 129 patients with LDH. By using self-evaluation questionnaires of Oswestry disability index(ODI), Short Form-36(SF-36) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) through letter or telephone interviews as well as the patients' initial medical records, the related clinical data were collected. Statistical analysis was conducted by using Wilcoxon's rank sum test, Chi-square test. Results: One hundred and eight patients (83.7%) were able to be followed up and 104 effective ques-tionnaires were collected. The mean follow-up time was (6.64±0.67) years, the excellent rate(ODI score, 0-20%) was 71.15%. The average scores of the JOA and SF-36 was 23.66±5.72 and 75.88±25.57, respectively. The scores of quality of life were obviously improved in all follow-up subscales. Conventional operations were carried out subsequently in 9 patients as they failed to respond to PLD. No complications related to PLD occurred in this study. The age,course of the disease and the patient's condition at the time of discharge might bear a relationship to long-term effectiveness. Conclusion: PLD is a safe and minimally-invasive technique for the treatment of LDH with quick and reliable effect. PLD can dramatically improve the quality of life. Many factors,such as the age, course of the disease and the patient's condition at the time of discharge,can affect the long-term outcomes. (authors)

  12. EFFECTIVENESS OF SPINAL MOBILIZATION WITH LEG MOVEMENT (SMWLM) IN PATIENTS WITH LUMBAR RADICULOPATHY (L5 / S1 NERVE ROOT) IN LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION

    Sahiba Yadav; Megha Arora Nijhawan; Paresh Panda

    2014-01-01

    Background: Various manual therapy techniques are known to treat discogenic pain. Research is limited and controversial in the effectiveness of manual therapy for treatment of lumbar radiculopathy due to lumbar disc disease. In manual therapy, Mulligan has described spinal mobilisation with leg movement technique, for improvement in lumbar lesion resulting in pain and other signs below knee. Purpose of the study: To find out if Mulligan’s Spinal Mobilisation with Leg Movement technique (...

  13. CT of postoperative lumbar disk herniation

    Results are reported of a multicenter analytic-statistical CT study on 128 postoperative lumbar herniated disk (HD) disk (HD) cases (50 at L4-L5, 64 at L5-S1, 2 at L3-L4, 12 multiple). CT was performed from 10 days to 204 months (47,7 months of mean) after surgery, in 51 patients without and in 77 with intravenous contrast medium (42 in bolus, 35 in perfusion). In 59 cases (38%) a recurrent hernia was found, and in 8% a new hernia. In 81% of patients epidural fibrous scars were demonstrated, in a rough 50% of cases associated with recurrent/new hernia: posterior fibrosis was found in 81% of cases, while unilaterally, bilaterally, or anteriorly extended fibroses were present in 20%, in 4,7%, and in 29% of cases respectively. In 72% of the patients injected with contrast medium, various kinds of fibrosis contrast enhancement were detected. In 8% neither fibrosis nor recurrent herniation was found. In 22% of cases lateral and/or central bony canal stenosis was present, in 26% vacuum disk, in 9% intracanalar calcifications, in 39% and in 19,5% dural sac stretching and compression respectively. In 5 cases a pseudomeningocele was found, and in 3 only a postoperative diskitis. Fibrosis is an almost inevitable postoperative consequence (4 out of 5 cases); it can be demonstrated by CT with high sensitivity and good specificity. A series of diagnostic criteria, such as the post-contrast media reaction, allow fibrosis to be discriminated from recurrent hernia. However, the possible association must be kept in mind of both diseases and/or of included roots in the scar. Myelography is hardly ever able to supply furthere resolutive diagnostic elements, while Myelo-CT sometimes more useful. The importance of bone changes is questionable, with the exception of evident cases of canal stenosis, also because in most cases the radiologist cannot count on a preoperative CT study. Furthermore, the correlation between CT and clinical findings (possible asymptomatic fibrosis) is often difficult, which gives way to contrasting therapeutic attitudes

  14. The Use of Lumbar Spine Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Eastern China: Appropriateness and Related Factors

    Yu, Liedao; Wang, Xuanwei; Lin, Xiangjin; Wang, Yue

    2016-01-01

    Back pain is common and costly. While a general scene of back pain related practice in China remains unknown, there are signs of excessive use of lumbar spine magnetic resonance (MR). We retrospectively studied 3107 lumbar spine MRIs in Eastern China to investigate the appropriateness of lumbar spine MR use. Simple back pain is the most common chief complaint for ordering a lumbar MR study. Only 41.3% of lumbar spine MR studies identified some findings that may have potential clinical significance. Normal lumbar spine is the most common diagnosis (32.7%), followed by lumbar disc bulging and lumbar disc herniation. Walk difficulties, back injury and referred leg pain as chief complaints were associated with greater chance of detecting potentially clinically positive lumbar MR image findings, as compare with simple back pain. There was no difference in positive rates among orthopedic surgeon and specialists of other disciplines. Lumbar spine MR imaging was generally overused in Eastern China by various specialists, particularly at health assessment centers. For appropriate use of lumbar spine MR, orthopedic surgeons are no better than physicians of other disciplines. Professional training and clinical guidelines are needed to facilitate evidence-based back pain practice in China. PMID:26731106

  15. Factors to consider in identifying critical points in lumbar spine flexion relaxation.

    Zwambag, Derek P; Brown, Stephen H M

    2015-12-01

    Flexion relaxation (FR), a myoelectric silence of extensor muscles near end range of lumbar flexion, is commonly reported as the lumbar flexion angle at the instant the extensor muscles become silent. However, lumbar flexion angle alone is insufficient to characterize mechanisms that modulate FR. As FR requires the moment generated by passive lumbar extensor tissues to equilibrate the moment due to gravity, the inter-relationships between lumbar moment, flexion angle, and myoelectrical silence will provide added information in the understanding of FR. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between lumbar moment and flexion angle throughout various flexion manoeuvres. It was hypothesized that lumbar moment and flexion angle would not be linearly related and would be affected by lower limb position, range of motion, and the addition of mass to the torso. Eleven participants performed four different lumbar flexion trials. Results showed that lumbar flexion was correlated with the lumbar moment (r = 0.92); however an analysis of residuals found that these measures were not linearly related. The moment was, however, correlated (r = 0.99) and linearly related to the sine of trunk inclination (T12 rigid body with respect to global horizontal). Future studies of FR could use trunk inclination as a simple kinematic measure to predict relative changes in lumbar moment with flexion. PMID:26559463

  16. Lumbar spinal mobility changes among adults with advancing age

    Ismaila Adamu Saidu

    2011-01-01

    Conclusion : Using these data, we developed normative values of spinal mobility for each sex and age group. This study helps the clinicians to understand and correlate the restrictions of lumbar spinal mobility due to age and differentiate the limitations due to disease.

  17. Ergonomic lumbar risk analysis of construction workers by NIOSH method

    Cinara Caetano Pereira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Work in construction has tasks directly connected with manual transport. One of the body segments suffering greater demand in works with these characteristics is the lumbar spine segment. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of risk of lumbar construction workers in the shipment of materials. The sample was composed of 74 construction workers. Were used as a research tool: the NIOSH method for lumbar risk verification expressed by weight limit recommended (WPR and the lifting Index (IL, Visual analogue scale (VAS for the evaluation of pain intensity, the e-1 Corlett.0 for the mapping of the pain and Borg to the subjective perception of the intensity of physical exertion. The present study identified the weight limit (WP of 8.707 for management activity of bags of cement for the load of 8.194 wheelbarrows used. These findings are 6 times under actual weights handled during the activities that revolve around 50 kg with the sacks and averaged 49.72 kg stands with mass. The dimensional settings found in the search are at high risk for ergonomic lumbar region, and measures of reconfiguration of workplaces and operation of auxiliary devices for lifting, transporting and unloading are fundamental, in addition to the need for reflection about the current logistical problems that induce producers to supply the cement sacks with 50 kg.

  18. A radiological study on lumbar disc herniation in Korean

    Among the patients operated because of lumbar disc herniation from January 1973 to May 1979 at Korea University Hospital, 154 cases were analyzed radiologically and the following conclusions were obtained. 1. The ratio of male to female was 1.96 : 1. 2. The incidences of single and multiple involvement were 74.7% and 25.3%. 3. Most frequent level of lumbar disc herniation was L4-5 interspace. 4. The incidences of left, central and bilateral defects were 45.45%, 33.76%, 12.33% and 8.44% respectively. 5. The incidences of spina bifida and transitional vertebra were 24.04% and 9.09% respectively. 6. The overall mean of the lumbosacral angle was 33.97 .deg. 7. The overall mean depth of the lumbar lordosis was 8.48 mm. 8. The ratio of the height of L4-5 interspace to the shorter anteroposterior diameter of L-5 body was obtained by authors' idea. The mean ratios of male and female patients of L4-5 disc herniation which had no evidence of the narrowing of L4-5 interspace on simple radiologic finding were 0.3042 and 0.3064 respectively. So the ratio had a little value in the diagnosis of L4-5 disc herniation on simple radiologic study. 9. Myelography had high diagnostic accuracy, and the majority of the pseudonegative finding on lumbar disc herniation myelographically was seen at L4-5 disc herniation.

  19. A method for quantitative measurement of lumbar intervertebral disc structures

    Tunset, Andreas; Kjær, Per; Samir Chreiteh, Shadi; Secher Jensen, Tue

    2013-01-01

    There is a shortage of agreement studies relevant for measuring changes over time in lumbar intervertebral disc structures. The objectives of this study were: 1) to develop a method for measurement of intervertebral disc height, anterior and posterior disc material and dural sac diameter using MRI...

  20. Lumbar radiculopathy caused by a tunneling transvertebral Schmorl's node

    We report a rare case of lumbar spinal radiculopathy caused by a tunneling Schmorl's node originating from the superior endplate of the L3 vertebra of a 75-year-old patient and penetrating the spinal canal through the posterior wall of this vertebra. This case highlights recent reports emphasizing the clinical pain syndromes possibly associated with Schmorl's nodes. (orig.)

  1. Accuracy of physical examination for chronic lumbar radiculopathy

    Iversen, Trond; Solberg, Tore K; Romner, Bertil; Wilsgaard, Tom; Nygaard, Øystein; Waterloo, Knut; Brox, Jens I; Ingebrigtsen, Tor

    2013-01-01

    Background Clinical examination of patients with chronic lumbar radiculopathy aims to clarify whether there is nerve root impingement. The aims of this study were to investigate the association between findings at clinical examination and nerve root impingement, to evaluate the accuracy of clinical index tests in a specialised care setting, and to see whether imaging clarifies the cause of chronic radicular pain. Method...

  2. Spine imaging after lumbar disc replacement: pitfalls and current recommendations

    Sandén Bengt

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most lumbar artificial discs are still composed of stainless steel alloys, which prevents adequate postoperative diagnostic imaging of the operated region when using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Thus patients with postoperative radicular symptoms or claudication after stainless steel implants often require alternative diagnostic procedures. Methods Possible complications of lumbar total disc replacement (TDR are reviewed from the available literature and imaging recommendations given with regard to implant type. Two illustrative cases are presented in figures. Results Access-related complications, infections, implant wear, loosening or fracture, polyethylene inlay dislodgement, facet joint hypertrophy, central stenosis, and ankylosis of the operated segment can be visualised both in titanium and stainless steel implants, but require different imaging modalities due to magnetic artifacts in MRI. Conclusion Alternative radiographic procedures should be considered when evaluating patients following TDR. Postoperative complications following lumbar TDR including spinal stenosis causing radiculopathy and implant loosening can be visualised by myelography and radionucleotide techniques as an adjunct to plain film radiographs. Even in the presence of massive stainless steel TDR implants lumbar radicular stenosis and implant loosening can be visualised if myelography and radionuclide techniques are applied.

  3. GRAVITATIONAL THERAPY IN COMPLEX TREATMENT OF LUMBAR OSTEOCHONDROSIS PATIENTS

    I.E. Poverennova

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A new technique- gravitational therapy- has been used in complex therapy of patients with lumbar osteochondrosis. The substantiation of application of gravitational therapy in case of this pathology is presented. Indications and contraindications to the treatment, technical parameters of procedure are pointed out. Treatment results are considered in comparison with traditional therapy.

  4. Surgical treatment in thoraco-lumbar region fractures.

    Jorge Alberto Jerez Labrada

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: thoraco-lumbar fractures may affect people at any moment of their lives, especially at their most fruitful and useful stage. Its correct diagnosis and treatment may directly influence in the posterior evolution of the patients. Objectives: to evaluate the results of the surgical treatment in thoraco-lumbar region fractures. Methods: a descriptive retrospective correlational study of series cases which included 54 patients attended due to thoraco-lumbar region fractures in the University Hospital “Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima” in Cienfuegos city, Cuba from January 1999 to June 2007. Age, sex, etiology of the fracture, type and level of the fractures, associated diseases, surgical techniques used for, pre and post operatory neurological damage, usage of metilprednisolone, complications and final results were the variables taken into consideration in this study. Results: most of the patients belonged to male sex under the age of 45. The totality of the cases had type IV fracture, and a great part of them had Denis type II fracture having surgical treatment. The causes of the lesions were traffic accidents, working accidents and height falls. The most useful surgical techniques were posterior decompression, instrumentation and fusion. Surgery improved the neurological damage in almost half of sick patients with this condition. Complications were minimum and rupture of the implant was predominant. Conclusion: surgical treatment in thoraco-lumbar region fractures had satisfactory results in our milieu.

  5. Adjacent level disease following lumbar spine surgery: A review

    Nancy E Epstein

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: The incidence of postoperative ASD (up to 30% is greater following either open or MIS instrumented lumbar fusions (e.g., TLIF/PLIF, while decompressions with noninstrumented fusions led to a much smaller 5.6% risk of ASD. Other findings included: MIS instrumented fusions contributed to higher perioperative complication rates, and dynamic stabilization did not protect against ASD.

  6. 49 CFR 572.85 - Lumbar spine flexure.

    2010-10-01

    ...) of this section, the lumbar spine assembly shall flex by an amount that permits the thoracic spine to rotate from its initial position in accordance with Figure No. 18 of § 572.21 (49 CFR part 572) by 40... to the thoracic spine box. Apply the force at any torso deflection rate between 0.5 and 1.5...

  7. Lumbar disc arthroplasty: indications, biomechanics, types, and radiological criteria

    Lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) was developed to treat a painful degenerative lumbar motion segment while avoiding the disadvantages of fusion surgery, such as adjacent segment instabilities. Early clinical results with TDR have shown a significant reduction in low back pain and a significant improvement in disability scores. When compared to fusion, the results with TDR tend to be superior in the short-term follow-up and initial rehabilitation is faster. The radiological assessment is an integral part of the preoperative work-up. Plain X-rays of the lumbar spine should be complemented by flexion - extension views in order to assess residual segmental mobility. Computed tomography is used to exclude osteoarthritis of the zygapophyseal joints, Baastrup's disease (kissing spines) and other sources of low back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful to exclude substantial disc protrusions; it allows for the detection of disc dehydration and bone marrow edema in the case of activated spondylochondrosis. If osteoporosis is suspected, an osteodensitometry of the lumbar spine should be performed. Postoperative plain X-rays should include antero-posterior and lateral views as well as flexion - extension views in the later postoperative course. Measurements should determine the disc space height in the lateral view, the segmental and total lumbar lordosis as well as the segmental mobility in the flexion - extension views. The ideal position of a TDR is exactly central in the ap-view and close to the dorsal border of the vertebral endplates in the lateral view. Malpositioning may cause segmental hyperlordosis and unbalanced loading of the endplates with the risk of implant subsidence and migration. (orig.)

  8. The NEtherlands Cervical Kinematics (NECK Trial. Cost-effectiveness of anterior cervical discectomy with or without interbody fusion and arthroplasty in the treatment of cervical disc herniation; a double-blind randomised multicenter study

    van den Akker Elske

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients with cervical radicular syndrome due to disc herniation refractory to conservative treatment are offered surgical treatment. Anterior cervical discectomy is the standard procedure, often in combination with interbody fusion. Accelerated adjacent disc degeneration is a known entity on the long term. Recently, cervical disc prostheses are developed to maintain motion and possibly reduce the incidence of adjacent disc degeneration. A comparative cost-effectiveness study focused on adjacent segment degeneration and functional outcome has not been performed yet. We present the design of the NECK trial, a randomised study on cost-effectiveness of anterior cervical discectomy with or without interbody fusion and arthroplasty in patients with cervical disc herniation. Methods/Design Patients (age 18-65 years presenting with radicular signs due to single level cervical disc herniation lasting more than 8 weeks are included. Patients will be randomised into 3 groups: anterior discectomy only, anterior discectomy with interbody fusion, and anterior discectomy with disc prosthesis. The primary outcome measure is symptomatic adjacent disc degeneration at 2 and 5 years after surgery. Other outcome parameters will be the Neck Disability Index, perceived recovery, arm and neck pain, complications, re-operations, quality of life, job satisfaction, anxiety and depression assessment, medical consumption, absenteeism, and costs. The study is a randomised prospective multicenter trial, in which 3 surgical techniques are compared in a parallel group design. Patients and research nurses will be kept blinded of the allocated treatment for 2 years. The follow-up period is 5 years. Discussion Currently, anterior cervical discectomy with fusion is the golden standard in the surgical treatment of cervical disc herniation. Whether additional interbody fusion or disc prothesis is necessary and cost-effective will be determined by this trial. Trial Registration Netherlands Trial Register NTR1289

  9. Diagnostic challenge: bilateral infected lumbar facet cysts - a rare cause of acute lumbar spinal stenosis and back pain

    Yoon S Timothy; Bui Tuan L; Freedman Brett A

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Symptomatic synovial lumbar facet cysts are a relatively rare cause of radiculopathy and spinal stenosis. This case and brief review of the literature, details a patient who presented with acutely symptomatic bilateral spontaneously infected synovial facet (L4/5) cysts. This report highlights diagnostic clues for identifying infection of a facet cyst.

  10. Diagnostic challenge: bilateral infected lumbar facet cysts - a rare cause of acute lumbar spinal stenosis and back pain

    Yoon S Timothy

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Symptomatic synovial lumbar facet cysts are a relatively rare cause of radiculopathy and spinal stenosis. This case and brief review of the literature, details a patient who presented with acutely symptomatic bilateral spontaneously infected synovial facet (L4/5 cysts. This report highlights diagnostic clues for identifying infection of a facet cyst.

  11. Regional differences in lumbar spinal posture and the influence of low back pain

    Burnett Angus F

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spinal posture is commonly a focus in the assessment and clinical management of low back pain (LBP patients. However, the link between spinal posture and LBP is not fully understood. Recent evidence suggests that considering regional, rather than total lumbar spine posture is important. The purpose of this study was to determine; if there are regional differences in habitual lumbar spine posture and movement, and if these findings are influenced by LBP. Methods One hundred and seventy female undergraduate nursing students, with and without LBP, participated in this cross-sectional study. Lower lumbar (LLx, Upper lumbar (ULx and total lumbar (TLx spine angles were measured using an electromagnetic tracking system in static postures and across a range of functional tasks. Results Regional differences in lumbar posture and movement were found. Mean LLx posture did not correlate with ULx posture in sitting (r = 0.036, p = 0.638, but showed a moderate inverse correlation with ULx posture in usual standing (r = -0.505, p Conclusion This study supports the concept of regional differences within the lumbar spine during common postures and movements. Global lumbar spine kinematics do not reflect regional lumbar spine kinematics, which has implications for interpretation of measures of spinal posture, motion and loading. BMI influenced regional lumbar posture and movement, possibly representing adaptation due to load.

  12. Manual therapy treatment of lumbar radiculopathy: A single case report

    J.A. Riley

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Patients  with  lumbar  radiculopathy  are  often  managed with  manual therapy.  The  aim  of  this  single  case  study  was  to  describe  the outcome of manual therapy treatment of a patient with lumbar radiculopathy.  A 47-year-old female presented with acute, severe left buttock and postero-lateral thigh pain.  Symptom provocation occurred during lumbar flexion, coughing, sneezing, driving and prolonged sitting. her left straight leg raise neurodynamic test was limited and reproduced her pain, as did trigger points in the left lumbar and gluteal muscles. clinical neuro-conduction testing revealed weakness of the big and other toe extensors, as well as eversion and plantar flexion of the left ankle, and a diminished left ankle reflex. This indicated possible involvement of both the l5 and S1 nerve roots.   A  manual  therapy  treatment  approach including  lumbar rotation mobilisations (Maitland approach, massage, trigger point pressure release  and  Transversus  Abdominus muscle activation  was  used.   The  patient  was  symptom  free,  had  full pain-free  range  of  all  lumbar  movements,  a full  pain-free  left  straight leg  raise  neurodynamic  test  and  normal  neurological  conduction  six weeks  after  onset, following seven manual therapy treatments.  Although the results of this case report cannot be generalised, it describes the successful outcome of a patient with severe radicular pain and neurological deficits, whose signs and symptoms  had completely resolved following manual therapy treatment.

  13. Cumulative occupational lumbar load and lumbar disc disease – results of a German multi-center case-control study (EPILIFT

    Michaelis Martina

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The to date evidence for a dose-response relationship between physical workload and the development of lumbar disc diseases is limited. We therefore investigated the possible etiologic relevance of cumulative occupational lumbar load to lumbar disc diseases in a multi-center case-control study. Methods In four study regions in Germany (Frankfurt/Main, Freiburg, Halle/Saale, Regensburg, patients seeking medical care for pain associated with clinically and radiologically verified lumbar disc herniation (286 males, 278 females or symptomatic lumbar disc narrowing (145 males, 206 females were prospectively recruited. Population control subjects (453 males and 448 females were drawn from the regional population registers. Cases and control subjects were between 25 and 70 years of age. In a structured personal interview, a complete occupational history was elicited to identify subjects with certain minimum workloads. On the basis of job task-specific supplementary surveys performed by technical experts, the situational lumbar load represented by the compressive force at the lumbosacral disc was determined via biomechanical model calculations for any working situation with object handling and load-intensive postures during the total working life. For this analysis, all manual handling of objects of about 5 kilograms or more and postures with trunk inclination of 20 degrees or more are included in the calculation of cumulative lumbar load. Confounder selection was based on biologic plausibility and on the change-in-estimate criterion. Odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (CI were calculated separately for men and women using unconditional logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, region, and unemployment as major life event (in males or psychosocial strain at work (in females, respectively. To further elucidate the contribution of past physical workload to the development of lumbar disc diseases, we performed lag-time analyses. Results We found a positive dose-response relationship between cumulative occupational lumbar load and lumbar disc herniation as well as lumbar disc narrowing among men and women. Even past lumbar load seems to contribute to the risk of lumbar disc disease. Conclusion According to our study, cumulative physical workload is related to lumbar disc diseases among men and women.

  14. Efectos del vendaje neuromuscular sobre la flexibilidad del raquis lumbar / Effects of kinesio taping on lumbar rachis flexibility

    A.M., Labrador-Cerrato; P., Ortega Snchez-Diezma; G., Lanzas Melendo; C., Gutirrez-Ortega.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduccin: El vendaje neuromuscular es una tcnica que produce una estimulacin muy selectiva sobre la piel a travs de la aplicacin de unas vendas elsticas especiales con el fin de lograr cambios propioceptivos, aumento o inhibicin del tono muscular y mitigacin de algias, entre otros. Objeti [...] vos: Comprobar si la aplicacin del vendaje neuromuscular permite aumentar la flexin del raquis lumbar comparndola con otras tcnicas de vendaje placebo (esparadrapo rgido convencional; Omniplaste-E); observar la concordancia entre la prueba sit-and-reach y el test de Schober en la valoracin de la ganancia de flexin lumbar. Material y mtodos: Estudio piloto experimental a triple ciego. Se distribuyeron aleatoriamente 45 sujetos sanos de 20-55 aos en tres grupos: 1) esparadrapo convencional; 2) Omniplaste-E; 3) vendaje neuromuscular. En todos los participantes se evalu la flexin del raquis lumbar mediante la prueba sit-and-reach y el test de Schober antes y despus de la intervencin siguiendo el mismo protocolo. Resultados: Considerado un intervalo de confianza del 95% y grado de significacin estadstica p Abstract in english Introduction: Kinesio taping is a technique that produces a very selective stimulation through skin by means of specific elastic strips application aiming to achieve proprioceptive changes, increase or inhibition of muscle activity and pain mitigation, among others. Aims: The present work was focuse [...] d on checking whether kinesio taping increases lumbar rachis flexion compared with other placebo taping techniques such as conventional tape or Omniplaste-E elastic tape. Furthermore, it was led to observe the correspondence between the sit-and-reach and Schober tests when assessing the increase of lumbar flexion. Material and methods: Experimental, triple-blind randomized controlled pilot trial, where 45 healthy 20-55 year-aged participants were randomly distributed into three groups: 1) conventional taping; 2) Omniplaste-E; 3) kinesio taping. Flexion of lumbar rachis was evaluated using both sit-and-reach and Schober tests before and after the intervention following the same procedure in all subjects. Results: Considered 95 % as confidence interval and level of significant difference of p

  15. The treatment of lumbar disc herniation: a comparison between percutaneous lumbar diskectomy combined with ozone and percutaneous lumbar diskectomy combined with collagenase

    Objective: To evaluate the short-term curative effect and the incidence of postoperative adverse events of percutaneous lumbar diskectomy (PLD) combined with ozone or PLD combined with collagenase in treating lumbar disk herniation. Methods: A total of 223 patients with lumbar disk herniation were enrolled in this study. Patients in the study group (n=108) were treated with PLD combined with ozone, while patients in the control group (n=115) were treated with PLD combined with collagenase. The short-term effectiveness and the incidence of postoperative adverse events were documented. The results were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results: In the study group, the excellent and good therapeutic results were achieved in 85.18% of the patients (n=92) and the occurrence of adverse events was 5.56%, while in the control group, the excellent and good therapeutic results were achieved in 80.00% of the patients (n=92) and the occurrence of adverse events was 13.04%. No significant difference in the short-term effectiveness existed between the two groups (Pearson Chi-Square =1.038, P=0.308). And the difference in the occurrence of postoperative adverse events was not significant between the two groups (Pearson Chi-Square =3.661, P=0.056). No disc infection occurred in the study group. Conclusion: The short-term curative effect of PLD combined with ozone is not significantly different from that of PLD combined with collagenase. In order to maintain decompression within the disc for a long period and to reduce the incidence of postoperative adverse events PLD combined with ozone ablation is an effective complementary treatment. (authors)

  16. Spontaneous epidural hematoma at lumbar facet joint: a case report

    Spontaneous epidural hematomas (SEHs) of the lumbar spine are rare. The pathogenesis is not entirely clear, but several reports have suggested that bleeding originating in the venous epidural plexus is the cause. This is the second report of a SEH thought to be the result of facet joint hemorrhage with no previous synovial cyst formation. A magnetic resonance image revealed a mass beginning in the left epidural space and continuing through to the left L5-S1 facet joint. Surgically, the epidural hematoma, which was covered by a very thin translucent membrane, was visualized directly. A histopathological examination revealed the wall of the epidural hematoma to be composed of very thin fibrous connective tissue with no synovium lining. The purpose of this study was to report a case of an epidural hematoma originated from lumbar facet joint, diagnosed by radiological examination, and to present a review of the subject literature

  17. Spontaneous epidural hematoma at lumbar facet joint: a case report

    Chung, Seung Eun; Lee, Sang Ho; Jo, Byung June; Yoon, Deug Hee; Paeng, Sung Suk [Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Hong [Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-10-15

    Spontaneous epidural hematomas (SEHs) of the lumbar spine are rare. The pathogenesis is not entirely clear, but several reports have suggested that bleeding originating in the venous epidural plexus is the cause. This is the second report of a SEH thought to be the result of facet joint hemorrhage with no previous synovial cyst formation. A magnetic resonance image revealed a mass beginning in the left epidural space and continuing through to the left L5-S1 facet joint. Surgically, the epidural hematoma, which was covered by a very thin translucent membrane, was visualized directly. A histopathological examination revealed the wall of the epidural hematoma to be composed of very thin fibrous connective tissue with no synovium lining. The purpose of this study was to report a case of an epidural hematoma originated from lumbar facet joint, diagnosed by radiological examination, and to present a review of the subject literature.

  18. Magnetic resonance imaging of canine degenerative lumbar spine diseases

    Degenerative lumbar spine diseases, i.e., sacrolumbar stenosis, intervertebral disk degeneration and protrusion and spondylosis deformans of the canine lumbar spine were studied in eleven canine patients and three healthy controls using radiography and 0.02 T and 0.04 T low field magnetic resonance imaging. The T1 and T2 weighted images were obtained in sagittal and transverse planes. The loss of hydration of nucleus pulposus, taken as a sign of degeneration in the intervertebral disks, could be evaluated in both T1 and T2 weighted images. As a noninvasive method magnetic resonance imaging gave more exact information about the condition of intervertebral disks than did radiography. Sacrolumbar stenosis and compression of the spinal cord or cauda equina and surrounding tissue could be evaluated without contrast medium

  19. Evaluation of usefulness of bone SPECT for lumbar spondylolysis

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 99mTc-MDP SPECT (bone SPECT) for lumbar spondylolysis. We analyzed 11 cases with 17 lesions. All cases were compared using plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), planar bone scintigraphy (PBS), and bone SPECT. Four lesions that showed a wide defect on CT were negative on bone SPECT and may have been chronic lesions. Thirteen lesions that were positive on bone SPECT were narrow or showed no defect on CT and may have been early lesions. Two cases showed no defect on CT but were positive on bone SPECT, and one of them progressed to bilateral spondylolysis after one year. This may have been a very early lesion. Thus bone SPECT is useful for the diagnosis of lumbar spondylolysis, especially in its early stage. (author)

  20. Paraplegia by Acute Cervical Disc Protrusion after Lumbar Spine Surgery.

    Sheng-Huan Chen

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Non-traumatic paraplegia caused by herniation of the cervical intervertebral disc is anuncommon postoperative complication. A patient with claudication and radiculopathy wasscheduled for lumbar laminectomy due to spinal stenosis. Postoperatively, numbness belowT6 was found in his both legs of the patient. MRI showed a protruded intervertebral discbetween C6 and C7. Despite urgent disectomy, the patient's lower extremities remained paralyzedwithout significant improvement for 3 months. Loss of muscle support during generalanesthesia, excessive neck extension during endotracheal intubation and positioning, as wellas bucking and agitation are believed as triggering factors for the protrusion of the cervicaldisc. We suggest that a complete history taking and physical examination be accomplishedin patients scheduled for lumbar spine surgery in order to exclude coexisting cervical spinedisorders. In addition, skillful endotracheal intubation and careful neck positioning aremandatory for patients receiving surgery in the prone position.

  1. Massive Pulmonary Embolism after Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery

    Ezgi Akar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary embolism (PE is a rare complication that may result in death after lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Although pulmonary embolism mortality rates decreased with early diagnosis and treatment, delays in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism is commonly seen even with advanced diagnostic methods. Even though it is rare, the risk of pulmonary embolism as well as thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis are encountered in patients undergoing spinal surgery. In this case presentation, we discussed the case of pulmonary embolism determined in a young patient developing unconsciousness and then cardiopulmonary arrest following mobilization at the postoperative 12th hour after a lumbar spinal fusion surgery and determined to have severe right ventricular enlargement, leftward deviation of the interatrial septum, severe tricuspid failure at the bedside echocardiography and who was discharged after thrombolytic therapy.

  2. Ultrasound guided, painful electrical stimulation of lumbar facet joint structures

    O'Neill, Sren; Graven-Nielsen, Thomas; Manniche, Claus; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars

    of acute low back pain using a new experimental model of lumbar facet joint pain. Thirteen healthy volunteers were included and baseline pressure pain thresholds were assessed at eight separate sites, outside the area of evoked low back and referred pain. Using ultrasonography, two electrode needles...... were placed either side of a lumbar facet joint (right L3-4) and used to induce experimental low back pain for 10 min with continuous stimulation. Thresholds, stimulus-response relationships, distribution and quality of the electrically induced pain were recorded. Electrical facet joint stimulation...... induced low back pain and pain referral into the anterior leg, ipsilaterally, proximal to the knee, similar to what is observed clinically. Pressure pain thresholds did not change significantly before, during and after facet joint stimulation. In conclusion, we describe a novel model of acute experimental...

  3. Ultrasound guided, painful electrical stimulation of lumbar facet joint structures

    O'Neill, Søren; Graven-Nielsen, Thomas; Manniche, Claus; Arendt-Nielsen, Lars

    Quantitative sensory testing has indicated generalized muscle hyperalgesia in patients with chronic low back pain. The temporal development of such hyperalgesia is not well understood. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate whether generalized muscle hyperalgesia can develop within minutes...... of acute low back pain using a new experimental model of lumbar facet joint pain. Thirteen healthy volunteers were included and baseline pressure pain thresholds were assessed at eight separate sites, outside the area of evoked low back and referred pain. Using ultrasonography, two electrode needles...... were placed either side of a lumbar facet joint (right L3-4) and used to induce experimental low back pain for 10 min with continuous stimulation. Thresholds, stimulus-response relationships, distribution and quality of the electrically induced pain were recorded. Electrical facet joint stimulation...

  4. Congenital malformation of fifth lumbar vertebra: A case report

    Jugesh Khanna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Fifth lumbar vertebra is an atypical vertebra as it has widely separated inferior articular processes and thick transverse processes projecting out from the body and pedicles of the vertebra. On routine examination of osteology specimens we found a fifth lumbar vertebra in two separate parts. One part consisted of body, pedicles, transverse and superior articular processes. The other part consisted of lamina, spinous and inferior articular processes. Knowledge of this variation may be of importance to the clinicians for diagnosis of certain neurological deficits in the lower limb and to orthopaedic surgeons and neurosurgeons during the surgical intervention of that area. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(2.000: 153-155

  5. Factors Related to Radiation Exposure during Lumbar Spine Intervention

    Choi, Moon Hyung; Choi, Byung Gil; Jung, Seung Eun; Byun, Jae Young

    2016-01-01

    Fluoroscopy guidance is useful to confirm anatomical landmark and needle location for spine intervention; however, it can lead to radiation exposure in patients, physicians, and medical staff. Physicians who used fluoroscopy should be cognizant of radiation exposure and intend to minimize radiation dose. We retrospectively reviewed three lumbar spine intervention procedures (nerve root block, medial branch block, and facet joint block) at our institution between June and December, 2014. We pe...

  6. Lumbar disc herniation at high levels : MRI and clinical findings

    To assess the frequency, location, associated MR findings, and clinical symptoms of the high level lumbar disc herniation(HLDH). A total of 1076 patients with lunbar disc herniation were retrospectively reviewed. MR images of 41 of these with HLDH(T12-L1, L1-2, L2-3) were analysed in terms of frequency, location, and associated MR findings, and correlated with clinical symptoms of HLDH. The prevalence of HLDH was 3.8%(41/1076). HLDH was located at T12-L1 level in four patients(10%), at L1-2 level in 14(34%), at L2-3 level in 21(51%), and at both L1-2 and L2-3 levels in two. The age of patients ranged from 20 to 72 years (mean, 44), and there were 26 men and 16 women. In 11(27%), whose mean age was 32 years, isolated disc herniation was limited to these high lumbar segments. The remaining 30 patients had HLDH associated with variable involvement of the lower lumbar segments. Associated lesions were as follow : lower level disc herniation(14 patients, 34%); apophyseal ring fracture(8 patients, 19%); Schmorl's node and spondylolisthesis (each 6 patients, each 14%); spondylolysis(3 patients, 7%); and retrolisthesis(2 patients, 5%). In 20 patients(49%) with HLDH(n=41), there was a previous history of trauma. Patients with HLDH showed a relatively high incidence of associated coexisting abnormalities such as lower lumbar disc herniation, apophyseal ring fracture, Schmorl's node, spondylolysis, and retrolisthesis. In about half of all patients with HLDH there was a previous history of trauma. The mean age of patients with isolated HLDH was lower; clinical symptoms of the condition were relatively nonspecific and their incidence was low

  7. Blood-pool scintigraphic diagnosis of fractured lumbar vertebral hemangioma

    Fujimoto, H.; Ueda, Takuya [Department of Radiology, Numazu City Hospital, Shizuoka (Japan); Masuda, Sumio [Orthopedic Surgery, Numazu City Hospital, Shizuoka (Japan); Nosaka, Kenji [Dept. of Pathology, Numazu City Hospital, Shizuoka (Japan)

    2001-04-01

    A 57-year-old woman complained of lumbago of 1 year's duration. Radiographs showed a compression fracture of the third lumbar vertebra. CT and MR images revealed an enhancing mass confined to the vertebral body suggestive of a malignant process. A blood-pool scintigram with {sup 99m}Tc-human serum albumin combined with DTPA (HSA-D) revealed marked accumulation. This strongly suggested a hemangioma, which was confirmed by biopsy. (orig.)

  8. Blood-pool scintigraphic diagnosis of fractured lumbar vertebral hemangioma

    A 57-year-old woman complained of lumbago of 1 year's duration. Radiographs showed a compression fracture of the third lumbar vertebra. CT and MR images revealed an enhancing mass confined to the vertebral body suggestive of a malignant process. A blood-pool scintigram with 99mTc-human serum albumin combined with DTPA (HSA-D) revealed marked accumulation. This strongly suggested a hemangioma, which was confirmed by biopsy. (orig.)

  9. Lumbar disc herniation at high levels : MRI and clinical findings

    Paek, Chung Ho; Kwon, Soon Tae; Lee, Jun Kyu; Ahn, Jae Sung; Lee, Hwan Do; Chung, Yon Su; Jeong, Ki Ho; Cho, Jun Sik [Chungnam National Univ. College of Medicine, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-04-01

    To assess the frequency, location, associated MR findings, and clinical symptoms of the high level lumbar disc herniation(HLDH). A total of 1076 patients with lunbar disc herniation were retrospectively reviewed. MR images of 41 of these with HLDH(T12-L1, L1-2, L2-3) were analysed in terms of frequency, location, and associated MR findings, and correlated with clinical symptoms of HLDH. The prevalence of HLDH was 3.8%(41/1076). HLDH was located at T12-L1 level in four patients(10%), at L1-2 level in 14(34%), at L2-3 level in 21(51%), and at both L1-2 and L2-3 levels in two. The age of patients ranged from 20 to 72 years (mean, 44), and there were 26 men and 16 women. In 11(27%), whose mean age was 32 years, isolated disc herniation was limited to these high lumbar segments. The remaining 30 patients had HLDH associated with variable involvement of the lower lumbar segments. Associated lesions were as follow : lower level disc herniation(14 patients, 34%); apophyseal ring fracture(8 patients, 19%); Schmorl's node and spondylolisthesis (each 6 patients, each 14%); spondylolysis(3 patients, 7%); and retrolisthesis(2 patients, 5%). In 20 patients(49%) with HLDH(n=41), there was a previous history of trauma. Patients with HLDH showed a relatively high incidence of associated coexisting abnormalities such as lower lumbar disc herniation, apophyseal ring fracture, Schmorl's node, spondylolysis, and retrolisthesis. In about half of all patients with HLDH there was a previous history of trauma. The mean age of patients with isolated HLDH was lower; clinical symptoms of the condition were relatively nonspecific and their incidence was low.

  10. Treatment of lumbar disc herniation: Evidence-based practice

    Schoenfeld, Andrew J; Weiner, Bradley K.

    2010-01-01

    Andrew J Schoenfeld1, Bradley K Weiner21Department of Orthopedic Surgery, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX, USA; 2Weill Cornell Medical College and The Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USAClinical question: What is the best treatment for lumbar disc herniations? Results: For patients failing six weeks of conservative care, the current literature supports surgical intervention or prolonged conservative management as appropriate tre...

  11. Lumbar gibbus in storage diseases and bone dysplasias

    Levin, T.L. [Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Babies and Children`s Hospital of New York, NY (United States); Berdon, W.E. [Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Babies and Children`s Hospital of New York, NY (United States); Lachman, R.S. [International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Anyane-Yeboa, K. [Department of Pediatrics, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Babies and Children`s Hospital of New York, NY (United States); Ruzal-Shapiro, C. [Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Babies and Children`s Hospital of New York, NY (United States); Roye, D.P. Jr. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Babies and Children`s Hospital of New York, NY (United States)

    1997-04-01

    Objective. The objective of this study was to review the problem of lumbar gibbus in children with storage diseases and bone dysplasias utilizing plain films and MR imaging. Materials and methods. Clinical histories and radiographic images in five patients with storage diseases [four mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) and one mucolipidosis] and two with achondroplasia were reviewed. The International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry (Los Angeles, Calif.), surveyed for all patients with lumbar gibbus and skeletal dysplasias, provided 12 additional cases. Results. All patients had localized gibbus of the upper lumbar spine, characterized by anterior wedging and posterior displacement of the vertebrae at the apex of the curve, producing a beaked appearance. The curve, exaggerated in the sitting or standing position, was most severe in the two patients with MPS-IV (one of whom died). Both developed severe neurologic signs and symptoms requiring surgical intervention. In four patients, MR images demonstrated the apex of the curve to be at or below the conus. Two patients demonstrated anterior herniation of the intervertebral discs at the apex of the curve, though the signal intensity of the intervertebral discs was normal. Conclusion. Lumbar gibbus has important neurologic and orthopedic implications, and is most severe in patients with MPS. The etiology of the gibbus with vertebral beaking is multifactorial and includes poor truncal muscle tone, weight-bearing forces, growth disturbance and anterior disc herniation. The curve is generally at or below the conus. Neurologic complications are unusual, although orthopedic problems can arise. Due to their longer survival, patients with achondroplasia or Morquio`s disease are more vulnerable to eventual gibbus-related musculoskeletal complications. (orig.). With 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Lumbar Disc Herniation in Tae Kwon Do Athletic Child

    KIM, SUNG HOON; Kim, Hyeun Sung; Kim, Seok Won

    2010-01-01

    Lumbar disc herniation is extremely uncommon in children below 10 years of age. A 7-year-old boy is reported who presented with low back pain and left leg radiating pain. The pain started seven days prior to presentation and was attributed to performing the jumping kick without any previous warm-up. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a posterolateral disc herniation at the L3-4 level and multiple degenerative changes. The patient received conservative treatment including limitation of sports...

  13. A Symptomatic Spinal Extradural Arachnoid Cyst with Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Yoshinori Kadono; Takamichi Yuguchi; Yu-ichiro Ohnishi; Koichi Iwatsuki; Toshiki Yoshimine

    2015-01-01

    Spinal epidural arachnoid cyst (EAC) is a rare, usually asymptomatic condition of unknown origin, which typically involves the lower thoracic spine. We report a case of posttraumatic symptomatic EAC with lumbar disc herniation. A 22-year-old man experienced back pain and sciatica after a traffic accident. Neurological examination revealed a right L5 radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cystic lesion at the L3 to L5 level and an L4-5 disc herniation; computed tomography mye...

  14. Bone mineral density of lumbar spine and femur in acromegaly

    Acromegaly is regarded as a cause for secondary osteoporosis, whereas recent papers suggest that growth hormone increases bone mineral density (BMD). In 16 patients with active acromegaly we found an increased BMD compared to normal controls in the lumbar spine and the proximal femur by means of dual energy X-ray absoptiometry. This increase in BMD was statistically significant in the femoral neck and in Ward's triangle (P=0.05). Moreover, no signs of osteoporosis were found radiologically. (orig.)

  15. Role of computed tomography in detection of lumbar disc prolapse

    To determine the sensitivity of CT scan in diagnosing lumbar disc prolapse. Study Design: Validation Study. Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Multan. From August 2009 to July 2010. Patients and Methods: Patients with clinical suspicion of lumbar disc prolapsed were referred from Neurosurgical OPD for CT scan of lumbar spine. The target CT finding was disc prolapse with compression of dural sac or narrowing of lateral recess / neuroforamina. Patients were divided into positive and negative cases on basis of detective of target finding by CT. All positive cased underwent surgery. Negative cases were first treated conservatively and only patients with persistent symptoms underwent surgery. The findings of CT as index test were compared with operative findings as gold reference standard. Results: Total 61 cases were included in study, 51 positive cases and 10 negative cases. Mean age of patients was 44.6 years. There were 42 males and 19 females. Positive cases after surgery showed 48 true positive and 3 false positive cases. Two negative cases showed persistent symptoms, underwent surgery and found positive for target finding (false negatives. Eight negative cases became symptom free after conservative treatment. These CT negative cases turning asymptomatic were ethically not feasible for surgery so assumed as true negative. The above data of 61 cases was computed in 2x2 table to calculate sensitivity (96%) and positive predictive value (94%) of CT scan in diagnosing lumbar disc prolapse. Conclusion: CT scan is having highly sensitivity and positive predictive value in detecting lumber disc prolapsed. It is reliable imaging modality in this regard. (author)

  16. Clinical Analysis of Acute Radiculopathy after Osteoporotic Lumbar Compression Fracture

    Kim, Do Eon; Kim, Hyeun Sung; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Hyun Sook

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between fracture pattern and the development of acute radiculopathy after osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture. Methods This study included 59 patients who underwent bone cement augmentation for osteoporotic compression fracture below the L2 level, which can lead to radiculopathic radiating pain. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of radiculopathy (group A : back pain only; group B : back ...

  17. Ganglion Cyst of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Causing Lumbar Radiculopathy

    Cho, Sung-Min; Rhee, Woo-Tack; Lee, Sang-Youl; Lee, Sang-Bok

    2010-01-01

    Degenerated conditions such as herniated disc or spinal stenosis are common etiologies of lumbar radiculopathy. Less common etiologies include spinal extradural cyst such as synovial cysts and ganglion cysts. Ganglion cyst of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) of the spine is a rare entity that can result in classical sciatica. Posterior longitudinal ligament cyst has no continuity with the facet joint and has no epithelial lining. Two young male patients presented with unilateral scia...

  18. Restless Leg Syndrome and Sleep Quality in Lumbar Radiculopathy Patients

    Ersoy Kocabicak; Murat Terzi; Kursad Akpinar; Kemal Paksoy; Ibrahim Cebeci; Omer Iyigun

    2014-01-01

    Background. To investigate the frequency of restless leg syndrome (RLS), sleep quality impairment, depression, fatigue, and sleep behavior disorder and to determine the effects of surgery on these parameters in radiculopathy patients resistant to conservative treatment. Methods. The present study included 66 lumbar radiculopathy patients, who were resistant to conservative treatment and had indication of surgery. Five different questionnaires were performed to assess depression (the Beck Depr...

  19. Haemorrhagic Lumbar Juxtafacet Cyst with Ligamentum Flavum Involvement

    Finn Ghent; Trent Davidson; Ralph Jasper Mobbs

    2014-01-01

    Juxtafacet cysts are an uncommon cause of radiculopathy. They occur most frequently in the lumbar region, and their distribution across the spine correlates with mobility. Haemorrhagic complications are rare and may occur in the absence of any provocation, although there is some association with anticoagulation and trauma. We present a case of acute radiculopathy due to an L5/S1 juxtafacet cyst with unprovoked haemorrhage which was found to extend into ligamentum flavum. The patient underwent...

  20. Computed tomographic evaluation of degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine

    Computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine is a new modality of far-reaching significance. Experience with this new technique has been extremely limited, less than 3 years at most institutions. There are few hard data, and few adequate clinical studies have been performed. Accordingly, the purpose of this article is to provide an understanding of the pathogenesis as well as the CT findings of the degenerative diseases affecting the spinal canal

  1. Fracture of posterior margin of lumbar vertebral body

    Krishnan Ajay

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Avulsion or fracture of posterior ring apophysis of lumbar vertebra is not a common clinical entity and is missed often. These fractures are mostly traumatic lesions typically seen in adolescents and young adults, because fusion in this area is not complete until the age of 18 to 25 years. These fractures are occult on plain radiographs and are frequently missed due to unfamiliarity with the entity. But, CT scanning and MR imaging shows characteristic picture. Methods: We had 21 cases of fracture of posterior margin of a lumbar vertebral body from 1991 to 2002. Fracture in all patients were classified according to CT imaging, into the three types described by Takata et al. Out of these, 8 patients were of type I, 4 patients of type II and 9 patients of type III respectively. Focal deficit / muscle weakness was present in only three patients. No fractures of type IV (Epstein et al was found. Twelve patients were treated conservatively and 9 patients were treated by posterior decompression with total laminectomy and removal of retropulsed fragment and discectomy. Results: The mean follow-up period was of 42 months. Conventional radiography could locate the fracture in only 6 cases and CT scan was required in all cases for stamping the diagnosis and classification. Though it is uncommon, high index of suspicion is required to diagnose it, in especially adolescent patients. All the 21 patients had good outcome following the management. Conclusion: Avulsion or fracture of posterior margin of lumbar vertebral body is not so rare entity. In children and young adults diagnosed as having lumbar disc herniation, this lesion may be the proper diagnosis. These fractures need to be accurately diagnosed because as compared to simple disc herniations these fractures require more extensive exposure and resection to relieve the nerve impingent.

  2. The effects of needle deformation during lumbar puncture

    Hasan Hüseyin Özdemir; Demir, Caner F.; Sefer Varol; Demet Arslan; Mustafa Yildiz; Esref Akil

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess deformation of the tip and deflection from the axis of 22-gauge Quincke needles when they are used for diagnostic lumbar puncture (LP). Thus, it can be determined whether constructional alterations of needles are important for predicting clinical problems after diagnostic LP. Materials and Methods: The 22-gauge Quincke needles used for diagnostic LP were evaluated. A specially designed protractor was used for measurement and evaluation. Waist circ...

  3. Trabecular bone density of male human cervical and lumbar vertebrae.

    Yoganandan, Narayan; Pintar, Frank A; Stemper, Brian D; Baisden, Jamie L; Aktay, Recyi; Shender, Barry S; Paskoff, Glenn; Laud, Purushottam

    2006-08-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the bone mineral density (BMD) of cervical vertebrae and correlate with the lumbar spine. Fifty-seven young adult healthy male volunteers, ranging from 18 to 41 years of age, underwent quantitative computed tomography (QCT) scanning of C2-T1 and L2-L4 vertebrae. To account for correlations, repeated measures techniques were used to compare data as a function of spinal level and region. Linear regression methods were used (+/-95% CI) to compare data as a function of spinal level and region. The mean age and body height were 25.0 +/- 5.8 years and 181.0 +/- 7.6 cm. BMD decreased from the rostral to caudal direction along the spinal column. Grouped data indicated that the neck is the densest followed by the first thoracic vertebra and low back with mean BMD of 256.0 +/- 48.1, 194.3 +/- 44.2, and 172.2 +/- 28.4 mg/cm(3), respectively; differences were statistically significant. While BMD did not vary significantly between the three lumbar bodies, neck vertebrae demonstrated significant trends. The matrix of correlation coefficients between BMD and spinal level indicated that the relationship is strong in the lumbar (r = 0.92-0.96) and cervical (r = 0.73-0.92) spines. Data from the present study show that the trabecular bony architecture of the neck is significantly different from the low back. These quantitative BMD data from a controlled young adult healthy human male volunteer population may be valuable in establishing normative data specifically for the neck. From a trabecular bone density perspective, these results indicate that lumbar vertebrae cannot act as the best surrogates for neck vertebrae. Significant variations in densities among neck vertebrae, unlike the low back counterpart, may underscore the need to treat these bones as different structures. PMID:16580272

  4. Epidural tramadol infiltration decreases postoperative analgesic consumption after lumbar microdiscectomy

    ŞAHİN, Yasemin; APAN, Alparslan; ÖZ, Gökşen; EVLİYAOĞLU, Çetin Ayhan

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the postoperative analgesic effects of epidural tramadol infiltration. Tramadol is a weak opioid that has local anesthetic and antiinflammatory properties. Materials and methods: Sixty patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy with general anesthesia were included in the study. The induction of anesthesia was performed with propofol (2-2.5 mg kg-1, rocuronium bromide (0.5 mg kg-1), and fentanyl (1 µg kg-1). A sevoflurane ...

  5. Intraoperative Discography for Detecting Concealed Lumbar Discal Cysts

    Kwon, Yoon-Kwang; Choi, Kyung-Chul; Lee, Choon Dae; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2013-01-01

    Lumbar discal cyst is a rare cause of radiculopathy. Their exact pathogenesis and the optimal treatment modality remain unidentified. Depending on their location, discal cysts cannot always be easily identified intraoperatively. We describe 2 patients with discal cysts and introduce an intraoperative discography technique for discal cyst location. Both patients were treated with surgical excision; with intraoperative discography, the cystic lesions could easily be detected and removed.

  6. Interpretation of computed tomograms of postoperative lumbar intervertebral disk

    In a relatively large number of patients, postoperatively persisting or recurrent trouble with the lumbar spine is observed. Hitherto, the accuracy of postoperative CT diagnoses has been judged to be insufficient. The crucial task of postoperative CT of the spine is to distinguish physiological healing processes from complications or consequences of intervertebral disk surgery that require postoperative treatment. The differential diagnosis allowing distinction between postoperative scar tissue and recidivation is of great importance. (orig.)

  7. Minimal Invasive Percutaneous Fixation of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures

    Stefania Paderni; Michele Cappuccio; Federico De Iure; Giuseppe Bosco; Luca Amendola(INAF)

    2012-01-01

    We studied 122 patients with 163 fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine undergoing the surgical treatment by percutaneous transpedicular fixation and stabilization with minimally invasive technique. Patient followup ranged from 6 to 72 months (mean 38 months), and the patients were assessed by clinical and radiographic evaluation. The results show that percutaneous transpedicular fixation and stabilization with minimally invasive technique is an adequate and satisfactory procedure to be u...

  8. The Specific Sagittal Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Intradural Extra-Arachnoid Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Tatsuro Sasaji; Kiyoshi Horaguchi; Noboru Yamada; Kazuo Iwai

    2012-01-01

    Intradural extra-arachnoid lumbar disc herniation is a rare disease. Few MRI findings have been reported. We experienced an intradural extra-arachnoid lumbar disc herniation. We reviewed the preoperative MRI findings. Lumbar spine T2-weighted sagittal MRI showed that one line of the ventral dura was divided into two by a disc herniation. We speculated that the two lines comprised the dura and arachnoid and that a disc herniation existed between them. We believe that division of the ventral du...

  9. Outcomes and Presurgical Correlates of Lumbar Fusion in Utah Workers' Compensation Patients: A Replication Study

    Gundy, Jessica M.

    2012-01-01

    Lumbar fusion performed among injured workers has dramatically increased over the past two decades, coinciding with the increased use of more advanced surgical technology. Despite recent changes in how this surgery is performed, few outcome studies have been conducted, particularly among workers compensation populations. In prior studies, several biopsychosocial risk factors were found to be predictors of functional outcomes of lumbar fusion. Considering the recent changes in lumbar fusion su...

  10. The comparison of the efficacy of radiofrequency nucleoplasty and targeted disc decompression in lumbar radiculopathy

    Barıs Adakli; Keziban Sanem Cakar Turhan; Ibrahim Asik

    2015-01-01

    Chronic low back pain is a common clinical condition causing medical, socioeconomic, and treatment difficulties. In our study, we aimed to compare early and long-term efficacy of lumbar radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC) nucleoplasty and targeted disc decompression (TDD) in patients with lumbar radiculopathy in whom previous conventional therapy had failed. The medical records of 37 patients undergoing TDD and 36 patients undergoing lumbar RFTC nucleoplasty were retrospectively examined ...

  11. Clinical and surgical outcomes after lumbar laminectomy: An analysis of 500 patients

    Mohamad Bydon; Mohamed Macki; Abt, Nicholas B.; Sciubba, Daniel M.; Jean-Paul Wolinsky; Timothy F Witham; Gokaslan, Ziya L.; Ali Bydon

    2015-01-01

    Background: The objective of this study is to determine the clinical and surgical outcomes following lumbar laminectomy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of neurosurgical patients who underwent first-time, bilateral, 1-3 level laminectomies for degenerative lumbar disease. Patients with discectomy, complete facetectomy, and fusion were excluded. Results: Five hundred patients were followed for an average of 46.79 months. Following lumbar laminectomy, patients exper...

  12. Sciatica from a Foraminal Lumbar Root Schwannoma: Case Report and Review of Literature

    Tarush Rustagi; Siddharth Badve; Aseem N. Parekh

    2012-01-01

    Sciatica is commonly caused by lumbar prolapsed intervertebral disc (PID) and other spinal lesions. Uncommon causes like nerve root schwannoma are rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of sciatica. Spinal schwannomas occur both sporadically and in association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1; von Recklinghausen's disease). This case report describes lumbar foraminal schwannoma as an unusual cause of radiculopathy, presenting clinically as a lumbar disc prolapse. The diagnosis was ...

  13. Sympathectomy attenuates excitability of dorsal root ganglion neurons and pain behaviour in a lumbar radiculopathy model

    Iwase, T; Takebayashi, T; Tanimoto, K; Terashima, Y.; Miyakawa, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Tohse, N.; Yamashita, T

    2012-01-01

    Objectives In order to elucidate the influence of sympathetic nerves on lumbar radiculopathy, we investigated whether sympathectomy attenuated pain behaviour and altered the electrical properties of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in a rat model of lumbar root constriction. Methods Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three experimental groups. In the root constriction group, the left L5 spinal nerve root was ligated proximal to the DRG as a lumbar radiculopathy model. In the root con...

  14. Comparison between Dynamic Radiographic Myelography and MRI for Decompression Levels in Lumbar Canal Stenosis

    Li, Jun

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivities of dynamic radiographic myelography and supine MRI in lumbar canal stenosis (LCS) patients and to determine whether dynamic radiographic myelography is an irreplaceable preliminary test in the diagnosis of lumbar canal stenosis. METHODS: Over two years, the imaging data of 100 patients who were suspected of having LCS were prospectively analyzed. All lumbar intervertebral segments were evaluated in each patient on sagittal MR T2-weighted images and...

  15. Paraplegia due to Missed Thoracic Meningioma after Laminotomy for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Report of Two Cases

    Ko, Sang-Bong; Lee, Sang-Wook; SHIM Jung-Hyun

    2011-01-01

    To describe two cases of thoracic paraplegia due to a thoracic spinal cord tumor (meningioma) that was not detected during lumbar spinal decompressive surgery for lumbar canal stenosis and a complaint of claudication. The follow-up period ranged from 1 year and 6 months to 1 year and 8 months. The neurological deficit due to thoracic meningioma after surgery for lumbar canal stensois was decreased after mass excision. So, careful physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging can reveal ...

  16. Lumbar facet injection for the treatment of chronic piriformis myofascial pain syndrome: 52 case studies

    Huang, Jen-Ting; Chen, Han-Yu; Hong, Chang-Zern; Lin, Ming-Ta; Chou, Li-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Shui; Tsai, Chien-Tsung; Chang, Wen-Dien

    2014-01-01

    Background and aims The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of lumbar facet joint injection for piriformis myofascial pain syndrome. Methods Fifty-two patients with chronic myofascial pain in the piriformis muscle each received a lumbar facet injection into the ipsilateral L5–S1 facet joint region, using the multiple insertion technique. Subjective pain intensity, trunk extension range, and lumbar facet signs were measured before, immediately after, and 2 weeks after inject...

  17. MRI Changes of the Spinal Subdural Space after Lumbar Spine Surgeries: Report of Two Cases

    Sakai, Toshinori; Sairyo, Koichi; Bhatia, Nitin N.; Miyagi, Ryo; Tamura, Tatsuya; Katoh, Shinsuke; Yasui, Natsuo

    2011-01-01

    Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently used to assess the lumbar spine, there are few reports in the medical literature that have evaluated using MRI immediately following spinal surgery. Furthermore, descriptions of the subdural changes after lumbar spine surgery are also infrequent. In this paper, we present two cases with subdural change seen on MRI immediately after lumbar surgery. Both the patients had mild symptoms that resolved spontaneously, and the follow-up MRI scan...

  18. Oblique FLASH MR imaging of the lumbar spine

    MR examinations of the lumbar spine provide excellent soft-tissue contrast in multiple planes. In addition to the three orthogonal planes, oblique planes rotated about one axis may be imaged by simultaneous use of two of the three standard orthogonal gradient fields (G/sub x/, G/sub y/, and G/sub z/) for slice selection and either phase or frequency encoding. These oblique imaging planes are especially useful for evaluation of the lumbar disk spaces. To reduce examination time, FLASH (fast low angle shot) techniques were combined with oblique imaging methods. Utilizing this oblique FLASH method, the authors examined the lumbar spines of patients and volunteers on a 1.0-T MAGNETOM imager with variable rotation of imaging planes as required, 4-mm-thick slices, flip angles of 100, 200, and 600, echo times of 16 and 20 msec, repetition times of 0.05-0.3 seconds, and two or four acquisitions. This multislice method yielded diagnostic images in under 5.5 minutes for the longest scan

  19. Anatomical study of lumbar vertebral pedicle and adjacent neural structures

    Matuoka Cláudia Maria

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available For the evaluation of the Lumbar pedicle morphometry and its relation to the neural structures, 14 male adult cadavers were dissected, and the size of the lumbar pedicle was assessed by measuring its sagittal and transversal diameter. It was found that the size of the pedicle increases from L2 to L5, both in the sagittal and transversal diameter, the first bigger. The relation of the lumbar pedicle to the neural structures was evaluated by measuring the distance between dura-mater and the pedicle medial area, the distance between the most distal area of the pedicle and the nerve root that appears under it, and , to obtain in an indirect way, the distance between the pedicle apex and the nerve root that appears over it. The acquired results showed that the distance between the most distal area of the pedicle and the nerve root that appears under it, and the distance between the pedicle medial area and dura-mater, do not increase from L2 to L5, and they are in average 1,98 and 3,02 respectively. The distance between the pedicle apex and the nerve root that appears over it, increases from L2 to L5, varying from 13,64 in L2 to 21,62 in L5. The location of the spinal ganglion in relation to the pedicle has also been found, and 87% of the spinal ganglions are located in the foraminal zone.

  20. Assessment of lumbar spinal canal stenosis by magnetic resonance phlebography

    There is evidence to suggest that cauda equina intermittent claudication is caused by local circulatory disturbances in the cauda equina as well as compression of the cauda equina. We evaluated the role of magnetic resonance phlebography (MRP) in identifying circulatory disturbances of the vertebral venous system in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Extensive filling defects of the anterior internal vertebral venous plexus were evident in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (n=53), whereas only milder abnormalities were noted in patients with other lumber diseases (n=16) and none in normal subjects (n=13). The extent of the defect on MRP correlated with the time at which intermittent claudication appeared. In patients with lumber spinal canal stenosis, extensive defects of the internal vertebral venous plexus on MRP were noted in the neutral spine position, but the defect diminished with anterior flexion of the spine. This phenomenon correlated closely with the time at which intermittent claudication appeared. Our results highlight the importance of MRP for assessing the underlying mechanism of cauda equina intermittent claudication in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis and suggest that congestive venous ischemia is involved in the development of intermittent claudication in these patients. (author)

  1. Percutaneous treatment of cervical and lumbar herniated disc

    Therapeutic armamentarium for symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation includes conservative therapy, epidural infiltrations (interlaminar or trans-foraminal), percutaneous therapeutic techniques and surgical options. Percutaneous, therapeutic techniques are imaging-guided, minimally invasive treatments for intervertebral disc herniation which can be performed as outpatient procedures. They can be classified in 4 main categories: mechanical, thermal, chemical decompression and biomaterials implantation. Strict sterility measures are a prerequisite and should include extensive local sterility and antibiotic prophylaxis. Indications include the presence of a symptomatic, small to medium sized contained intervertebral disc herniation non-responding to a 4–6 weeks course of conservative therapy. Contraindications include sequestration, infection, segmental instability (spondylolisthesis), uncorrected coagulopathy or a patient unwilling to provide informed consent. Decompression techniques are feasible and reproducible, efficient (75–94% success rate) and safe (>0.5% mean complications rate) therapies for the treatment of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation. Percutaneous, imaging guided, intervertebral disc therapeutic techniques can be proposed either as an initial treatment or as an attractive alternative prior to surgery for the therapy of symptomatic herniation in both cervical and lumbar spine. This article will describe the mechanism of action for different therapeutic techniques applied to intervertebral discs of cervical and lumbar spine, summarize the data concerning safety and effectiveness of these treatments, and provide a rational approach for the therapy of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation in cervical and lumbar spine

  2. Lumbar cisternography in evaluation of hydrocephalus in the preterm infant

    Donn, S.M.; Roloff, D.W.; Keyes, J.W. Jr.

    1983-10-01

    Radionuclide lumbar cisternography using indium 111-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (111In-DTPA) and a mobile gamma-camera with a converging collimator was utilized as a bedside procedure to evaluate CSF dynamics and the patency of the cerebral ventricular system in 30 preterm infants with hydrocephalus. Serial images of the brain were obtained at 0, 1, 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours after instillation of the isotope in the lumbar subarachnoid space. Three distinct patterns were seen. Infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus displayed prompt ventricular filling but markedly delayed emptying with minimal flow over the cerebral convexities. Infants with ventriculomegaly secondary to suspected brain atrophy or periventricular leukomalacia demonstrated a pattern of prompt ventricular filling, delayed emptying, but with flow present over the convexities. An infant with noncommunicating hydrocephalus secondary to an Arnold-Chiari malformation showed a pattern of complete obstruction with no ventricular filling. Radionuclide lumbar cisternography appears to be a safe, well-tolerated procedure which produces images of sufficient resolution to provide valuable information about CSF dynamics, delineating basal cisternae, ventricles, and subarachnoid flow paths.

  3. MR imaging findings of ring apophyseal fractures in lumbar vertebrae

    Kang, Yong Soo; Kwon, Soon Tae; Song, Chang Joon; Lee, Young Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Seob; Lee, Hwan Do; Cho, June Sik; Ahn, Jae Sung; Lee, June Kyu [Chungnam National Univ. College of Medicine, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-07-01

    To assess the location and associated findings of fractures of the posterior lumbar vertebral ring apophysis as seen on MRI We retrospectively evaluated MR findings in 77 patients (86 lesions) with lumbar apophyseal ring fractures. Their age ranged from ten to 67 (mean 33-1) years. To confirm the presence of verterbral ring fractures, CT was performed in 29 patients (31 lesions) within two weeks of MR imaging. Open laminectomy was performed in ten patients, percutaneous automated nucleotomy in three, and LASER operation in four. The most common location of fractures was the superior margin of L5 (36 lesions 41.9%), next was superior margin of S1 (21 lesions, 24.4%). On CT, a bony fragment was seen in 28 patients (30 lesions); the positive predictive value of MR was 99.7%. Multiple lesions were seen in nine patients. Associated disc herniation and bulging were noted in 64 (74.4%) and 15 lesions (17.4%), respectively, and a high signal intensity rim aound the bony fragment on T1 weighted image was noted in 33 (38.4%). Other associated findings were spondylolysis in eight patients, retrolisthesis in five, and spondylolisthesis in three. Operative outcomes were variable. The results of open laminectomy were better than those of percutaneous automated laminectomy or LASER operation. In patients with lumbar apophyseal ring fractures, their exact location and associated findings could be evalvated by MRI, which was therefore useful in the planning of appropriate surgery.

  4. A radiological study on lumbar herniated intervertebral disc diseases

    During 5 years and 8 months, from September 1968 to May 1974, myelographic studies followed by operation were carried out on 118 cases of lumbar HIVD at Seoul National University Hospital. The myelographic findings and operative findings were analyzed and following conclusions were obtained. 1. The sex ratio wa 75 males to 43 females. 2. Among the 118 cases, myelographic findings were consisted of the unilateral defect; 78 cases (67.0%), central defect: 30 cases (25.5%), and, bilateral defects; 10 cases (8.5%) respectively. 3. Among the 118 cases, the greatest incidence was L4-L5 disc space: 87 cases (73.7%) and next incidence was L5-S1 disc space: 25 cases (21.2%). 4. Among the 118 cases of lumbar herniated intervertebral disc disease, the false positive was 8 cases (6.8%) and diagnostic accuracy of myelography was 91.5%. 5. Plain radiography has little value in diagnosis of lumbar herniated intervertebral disc disease among 118 cases, about 30% show significant sign in plain film study

  5. Actualizacin en estenorraquis lumbar: diagnstico, tratamiento y controversias

    Marcelo Molina

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Spinal lumbar stenosis is a disease that occurs mainly between the 5th and 7th decade of life and can be congenital or acquired. The latter has many etiologies, but a degenerative cause is the most common. Stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal diameter caused by many factors such as bulging discs, hypertrophy of flavum ligament, facet capsule thickening and osteophyte formation. The classical symptom of the disease is sciatic pain, that improves with lumbar flexion and worsens with ambulation. Neurological examination is often normal and the most useful imaging test is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Conservative management consists in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, physical therapy and epidural - radicular infiltrations. Spinal infiltrations have a proven efficacy for pain management. A good result of this therapy predicts a favorable outcome after surgery. Surgical treatment consists in decompression with or without lumbar fusion. The addition of an arthrodesis is recommended for degenerative spondylolisthesis, correction of deformities, recurrent spinal stenosis with instability, sagittal or coronal imbalance and adjacent segment disease.

  6. Evaluation of 60 cases of surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis

    Kemal YUCESOY

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available In this retrospective study, 60 patients who are operated due to lumbar spinal stenosis are evaluated in respect to age, sex, symptoms of the disease, radiological findings, surgical procedures and clinical results. Clinical evaluation was done using Oswestry low back pain disability questionary. Of patients 31 were male, 29 were female, in a range of 15-84 years-old. Majority of patients were between 40-60 years-old. Radiologically all patients were evaluated with anteroposterior, lateral and dynamic plain radiographies, magnetic resonance imaging and last 11 patients were evaluated with additional magnetic resonance myelography also. Most frequent lumbar level was L4-5 level, cause of the stenosis was congenital in four patients and degenerative in the remaining. Two surgical procedures were applied, laminectomy and foraminotomies in 43 patients and inverse laminoplasty in 17 patients. In 11 patients dural laceration complicated the operations but no patient developed cerebrospinal fluid fistula postoperatively. No neurological progression of present neorogical findings was observed. Clinically preoperative mean score of Oswestry was 41.1 and decreased to 11.3 postoperatively. During the follow up of 33 months, three patients were operated due to stenosis at the different levels and posterior spinal instrumentation was performed in four patients because of iatrogenic spondylolisthesis.In conclusion, lumbar spinal stenosis can be treated surgically by laminectomy successfully and inverse laminoplasty is preferred in young patients.

  7. Percutaneous treatment of cervical and lumbar herniated disc

    Kelekis, A., E-mail: akelekis@med.uoa.gr; Filippiadis, D.K., E-mail: dfilippiadis@yahoo.gr

    2015-05-15

    Therapeutic armamentarium for symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation includes conservative therapy, epidural infiltrations (interlaminar or trans-foraminal), percutaneous therapeutic techniques and surgical options. Percutaneous, therapeutic techniques are imaging-guided, minimally invasive treatments for intervertebral disc herniation which can be performed as outpatient procedures. They can be classified in 4 main categories: mechanical, thermal, chemical decompression and biomaterials implantation. Strict sterility measures are a prerequisite and should include extensive local sterility and antibiotic prophylaxis. Indications include the presence of a symptomatic, small to medium sized contained intervertebral disc herniation non-responding to a 4–6 weeks course of conservative therapy. Contraindications include sequestration, infection, segmental instability (spondylolisthesis), uncorrected coagulopathy or a patient unwilling to provide informed consent. Decompression techniques are feasible and reproducible, efficient (75–94% success rate) and safe (>0.5% mean complications rate) therapies for the treatment of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation. Percutaneous, imaging guided, intervertebral disc therapeutic techniques can be proposed either as an initial treatment or as an attractive alternative prior to surgery for the therapy of symptomatic herniation in both cervical and lumbar spine. This article will describe the mechanism of action for different therapeutic techniques applied to intervertebral discs of cervical and lumbar spine, summarize the data concerning safety and effectiveness of these treatments, and provide a rational approach for the therapy of symptomatic intervertebral disc herniation in cervical and lumbar spine.

  8. Abnormal Lumbar Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Asymptomatic Individuals

    Filiz Acar Sivas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the abnormal findings on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI of lumbar spine in asymptomatic subjects. Materials and Methods: The study included 48 asymptomatic individuals and 27 patients who had already been suffering from low back pain. All participants underwent routine blood analyses and bilateral lumbosacral roentgenograms were taken. In all participants, lumbar MRI scans were performed through L1-S1 intervertebral disc spaces.Results: The mean age of asymptomatic individuals was 25.53.5 years, while of the patient group it was 262.9 years. In asymptomatic individuals, after lumbar MRI, disc degeneration in at least one intervertebral disc level, annular tear, endplate abnormality, disc bulging, and disc protrusion were detected in 33.3%, 16.6%, 4.16%, 6.25%, and 27% of cases, respectively. When compared with the patient group, only the difference in the disc bulging ratio (25.92% was significantly higher (p<0.05. Conclusion: MRI may reveal high rates of abnormal signs in asymptomatic individuals who do not suffer from low back pain. The present authors believe that ordering this scan on patients who suffer from low back pain but not planned to undergo surgery will unnecessarily increase health care expenses. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2009;55:73-7.

  9. LumbSten: The lumbar spinal stenosis outcome study

    Min Kan

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most frequent reason for spinal surgery in elderly people. For patients with moderate or severe symptoms different conservative and surgical treatment modalities are recommended, but knowledge about the effectiveness, in particular of the conservative treatments, is scarce. There is some evidence that surgery improves outcome in about two thirds of the patients. The aims of this study are to derive and validate a prognostic prediction aid to estimate the probability of clinically relevant improvement after surgery and to gain more knowledge about the future course of patients treated by conservative treatment modalities. Methods/Design This is a prospective, multi-centre cohort study within four hospitals of Zurich, Switzerland. We will enroll patients with neurogenic claudication and lumbar spinal stenosis verified by Computer Tomography or Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Participating in the study will have no influence on treatment modality. Clinical data, including relevant prognostic data, will be collected at baseline and the Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire will be used to quantify severity of symptoms, physical function characteristics, and patient's satisfaction after treatment (primary outcome. Data on outcome will be collected 6 weeks, and 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after inclusion in the study. Applying multivariable statistical methods, a prediction rule to estimate the course after surgery will be derived. Discussion The ultimate goal of the study is to facilitate optimal, knowledge based and individualized treatment recommendations for patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis.

  10. Lumbar CT findings of patients with low back pain

    Lee, Yong Chul; Kim, Yang Soo; Kim, Kyun Sang [Chung-Ang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-04-15

    Low back pain is probably the second most common disease entity to upper respiratory infection in developed country. We were missing at least 50% of the pathologic conditions by using conventional diagnostic modalities in low back pain. They did tell us nothing or little about facet abnormalities, lateral recesses, vertebral canal and soft tissue surrounding lumbar spines. High resolutional CT has been the biggest turning point in the diagnosis and management of low back pain. CT make a contribution to reducing the morbidity and probably the cost of evaluating patients with low back pain, and to increasing diagnostic accuracy. We observed 100 cases of lumbar CT using TCT 80A scanner for the evaluation of low back pain during the period from Apr. 1985 to Sept. 1985 at Chung-Ang University Hospital. Lumbar CT scan reveals high-positive findings (98%) in low back pain patients. Common low back disorders in CT are disc bulging (53%), herniated nucleus pulposus (32%), degenerative arthritis in posterior facet joints (27%), spinal stenosis (20%) and postoperative spines (15%). Uncommon low back disorders in CT are compression fracture of vertebral bodies, spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis, tropism, transitional vertebra, Scheueman's disease, limbic fracture, transverse process or articular process fracture, sacroiliac joint subluxation, conjoined nerve root and meningocele.

  11. Interlaminar fenestration in lumbar canal stenosis- a retrospective study

    Gupta Puneet

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Degenerative lumbar canal stenosis is a multifaceted problem presenting as backache and neurological claudication. Methods: In fifteen patients of acquired degenerative lumbar canal stenosis multi level interlaminar fenestration with discectomy, if required, was carried out. Retrospective analysis was done to assess the out come by assessing the relief in backache and neurological claudication. Results: The mean age of patients was 50.4 years and average duration of neurological claudication was nine months. Diagnosis of the degenerative lumbar canal stenosis was made by clinical examination and confirmed by radiological and MRI measurement of cross section area of neural canal. Interlaminar fenestration was done at four levels and three levels in six patients each while it was done at two levels in remaining three patients. None of the patients reported immediate or late onset of backache or restriction of spinal movements, indicating spinal in stability. None of the patients had neurological claudication in the postoperative period. Conclusion: Retrospective analysis suggests that multiple interlaminar fenestrations done in moderate spinal stenosis provides adequate neurological decompression besides maintaining spinal stability.

  12. MR imaging findings of ring apophyseal fractures in lumbar vertebrae

    To assess the location and associated findings of fractures of the posterior lumbar vertebral ring apophysis as seen on MRI We retrospectively evaluated MR findings in 77 patients (86 lesions) with lumbar apophyseal ring fractures. Their age ranged from ten to 67 (mean 33-1) years. To confirm the presence of verterbral ring fractures, CT was performed in 29 patients (31 lesions) within two weeks of MR imaging. Open laminectomy was performed in ten patients, percutaneous automated nucleotomy in three, and LASER operation in four. The most common location of fractures was the superior margin of L5 (36 lesions 41.9%), next was superior margin of S1 (21 lesions, 24.4%). On CT, a bony fragment was seen in 28 patients (30 lesions); the positive predictive value of MR was 99.7%. Multiple lesions were seen in nine patients. Associated disc herniation and bulging were noted in 64 (74.4%) and 15 lesions (17.4%), respectively, and a high signal intensity rim aound the bony fragment on T1 weighted image was noted in 33 (38.4%). Other associated findings were spondylolysis in eight patients, retrolisthesis in five, and spondylolisthesis in three. Operative outcomes were variable. The results of open laminectomy were better than those of percutaneous automated laminectomy or LASER operation. In patients with lumbar apophyseal ring fractures, their exact location and associated findings could be evalvated by MRI, which was therefore useful in the planning of appropriate surgery

  13. Detection of lumbar vertebral venous plexus with magnetic resonance venography

    Objective: To discuss the detectability of lumbar vertebral venous plexus with MRV and establish the width range of anterior internal vertebral vein (AIVV) in normal persons, and to analyze the manifestations of the lumbar venous system in different spinal abnormalities. Methods: 3D MRV was performed in 62 volunteers and 27 patients. The width of AIVV was measured in normal subjects and in the patients whose veins were all detected. MRV manifestations of 27 patients with lumbar spine abnormalities were analyzed. Results: The detectability of vein was not correlated with age and the width of vein showed no significant differences regarding sex. All the veins were revealed in 42 of the 62 healthy volunteers, and the width of AIVV was symmetrical between sides and showed gradual enlargement from L1 to L5, ranging from (3.9 ± 0.6) mm to (7.9 ± 1.2) mm. The veins showed normal, compressed, displaced, or dilated in the patients. Conclusion: 3D MRV can satisfactorily demonstrate the overall picture of the vertebral venous plexus, and it has the potential ability in guiding the clinical treatment as well as in further studying the clinical significance of the spinal venous system

  14. Access related complications during anterior exposure of the lumbar spine

    Gary A Fantini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The new millennium has witnessed the emergence of minimally invasive, non-posterior based surgery of the lumbar spine, in particular via lateral based methodologies to discectomy and fusion. In contrast, and perhaps for a variety of reasons, anterior motion preservation (non-fusion technologies are playing a comparatively lesser, though incompletely defined, role at present. Lateral based motion preservation technologies await definition of their eventual role in the armamentarium of minimally invasive surgical therapies of the lumbar spine. While injury to the major vascular structures remains the most serious and feared complication of the anterior approach, this occurrence has been nearly eliminated by the use of lateral based approaches for discectomy and fusion cephalad to L5-S1. Whether anterior or lateral based, non-posterior approaches to the lumbar spine share certain access related pitfalls and complications, including damage to the urologic and neurologic structures, as well as gastrointestinal and abdominal wall issues. This review will focus on the recognition, management and prevention of these anterior and lateral access related complications.

  15. Lumbar CT findings of patients with low back pain

    Low back pain is probably the second most common disease entity to upper respiratory infection in developed country. We were missing at least 50% of the pathologic conditions by using conventional diagnostic modalities in low back pain. They did tell us nothing or little about facet abnormalities, lateral recesses, vertebral canal and soft tissue surrounding lumbar spines. High resolutional CT has been the biggest turning point in the diagnosis and management of low back pain. CT make a contribution to reducing the morbidity and probably the cost of evaluating patients with low back pain, and to increasing diagnostic accuracy. We observed 100 cases of lumbar CT using TCT 80A scanner for the evaluation of low back pain during the period from Apr. 1985 to Sept. 1985 at Chung-Ang University Hospital. Lumbar CT scan reveals high-positive findings (98%) in low back pain patients. Common low back disorders in CT are disc bulging (53%), herniated nucleus pulposus (32%), degenerative arthritis in posterior facet joints (27%), spinal stenosis (20%) and postoperative spines (15%). Uncommon low back disorders in CT are compression fracture of vertebral bodies, spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis, tropism, transitional vertebra, Scheueman's disease, limbic fracture, transverse process or articular process fracture, sacroiliac joint subluxation, conjoined nerve root and meningocele.

  16. Effect of magnesium sulphate on bleeding during lumbar discectomy.

    Göral, N; Ergil, J; Alptekin, A; Ozkan, D; Gürer, B; Dolgun, H; Gümüs, H

    2011-12-01

    We assessed the effect of magnesium on the amount of bleeding, coagulation profiles and surgical conditions during lumbar discectomy under general anaesthesia. Forty patients, of ASA physical status 1-2 and aged 18-65 years, undergoing single-level microscopic lumbar discectomy, were randomly assigned to magnesium sulphate (50 mg.kg(-1) in 100 ml saline over 10 min followed by a continuous infusion of 20 mg.kg.h(-1) ) or saline. The mean (SD) estimated blood loss was 190 (95) and 362 (170) ml in the magnesium and saline groups, respectively (mean difference = 172 ml; 95% CI 84-260 ml). The median (IQR [range]) Fromme's scale score for surgical conditions for the magnesium and saline groups were 2 (2-3 [2-3]) and 3 (2-3 [3-4]), respectively (p < 0.05). The bleeding time, haemoglobin, platelet count, prothrombin time, international normalised ratio and fibrinogen levels were similar in the two groups. The activated partial thromboplastin time was prolonged in the magnesium group immediately postoperatively and at 6 h after surgery. After the bolus of magnesium, the heart rate was higher and the mean arterial pressure lower in the magnesium group. The use of magnesium sulphate during lumbar discectomy decreases blood loss, and provides better surgical conditions without marked haemodynamic effects. PMID:21974796

  17. Three-dimensional MR myelography of lumbar spine

    Three-dimensional (3D) MR projection images of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the lumbar spine (MR myelography) compatible with the findings of contrast myelography were obtained using a time reversed version of FISP sequence (PSIF) combined with maximum intensity projection method (MIP). Using a 1.5 T Siemens Magnetom system, consecutive coronal, oblique and sagittal images were obtained by 3D fast imaging method. These images were submitted to MIP, and the projection 3D-image of CSF was then formed. Seven patients with compression of the CSF space in the lumbar spine were evaluated by this method and contrast myelography. In all cases, compression of the subarachnoid cavity or the root sleeve was demonstrated by this method. Documented sites of compression were the subarachnoid cavity in 3 patients and the root sleeve in 4 patients. The findings of MR myelography correlated with those of contrast myelography. MR myelography is a noninvasive and useful method for diagnosing lumbar herniated disk disease and canal stenosis. (author)

  18. The Usefulness of Lumbar Spine MRI for Cauda Equina Syndrome

    Moon, Tae Yong; Baik, Seong Kug [Dept. of Radiology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan(Korea, Republic of); Lee, In Sook [Dept. of Radiology and Medical Research Institite, Pusan National University Hosptal, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-05-15

    To understand the usefulness of the lumbar MRI studies to establish therapeutic plans for cauda equina syndrome (CES) including the management of rectal and bladder dysfunction symptoms. We retrospectively reviewed the lumbar MRI studies of 10 patients with CES. Their diagnoses included four adhesive arachnoiditis of cauda equina (CE), three conus medullaris atrophies, three spinal canal stenoses, one tuberculous leptomeningitis, one metastatic tumor on the sacral canal, and one dural arteriovenous fistula with venous congestion of the conus medullaris. In 6 of the 10 total cases the symptoms of rectal and bladder dysfunction were resolved by decompression laminectomies (n=2), irradiation (n=1), glue embolization (n=1), anticholine and steroid infusion (n=1), and anti-tuberculous medication (n=1) within at least 5 days. The 4 other cases were settled by lumboperitoneal shunting and neural stem cell implants. The study results indicate that lumbar MRI is the modality of choice in search for the causative lesion and to subsequently set up the best therapeutic plans for patients with CES.

  19. The Usefulness of Lumbar Spine MRI for Cauda Equina Syndrome

    To understand the usefulness of the lumbar MRI studies to establish therapeutic plans for cauda equina syndrome (CES) including the management of rectal and bladder dysfunction symptoms. We retrospectively reviewed the lumbar MRI studies of 10 patients with CES. Their diagnoses included four adhesive arachnoiditis of cauda equina (CE), three conus medullaris atrophies, three spinal canal stenoses, one tuberculous leptomeningitis, one metastatic tumor on the sacral canal, and one dural arteriovenous fistula with venous congestion of the conus medullaris. In 6 of the 10 total cases the symptoms of rectal and bladder dysfunction were resolved by decompression laminectomies (n=2), irradiation (n=1), glue embolization (n=1), anticholine and steroid infusion (n=1), and anti-tuberculous medication (n=1) within at least 5 days. The 4 other cases were settled by lumboperitoneal shunting and neural stem cell implants. The study results indicate that lumbar MRI is the modality of choice in search for the causative lesion and to subsequently set up the best therapeutic plans for patients with CES.

  20. Lumbar Aspergillus osteomyelitis mimicking pyogenic osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent adult.

    Yoon, Kyeong-Wook; Kim, Young-Jin

    2015-04-01

    Spinal Aspergillus osteomyelitis is rare and occurs mostly in immunocompromised patients, but especially very rare in immunocompetent adult. This report presents a case of lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis in immunocompetent adult. A 53-year-old male who had no significant medical history was admitted due to complaints of back pain radiating to the flank for the last 3 months, followed by a progressive motor weakness of both lower limbs. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated osteomyelitis and diskitis, suspected to be a pyogenic condition rather than a tuberculosis infection. Despite antibiotic treatment for several weeks, the symptoms worsened, and finally, open surgery was performed. Surgical biopsy revealed an Aspergillus infection and medical treatment with amphotericin B was started. It can be diagnosed early through an MRI; biopsy is very important but difficult, and making the correct differential diagnosis is essential for avoiding unexpected complications. The authors report a case of lumbar Aspergillus osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent adult and reviewed previously described cases of spinal aspergillosis. PMID:25221965

  1. Value of the lumbar lordotic angle taken from CT scanogram as an index of back pain

    'Normal' spinal posture is generally accepted as moderate lordosis of the cervical and the lumbar sections of spine and moderate kyphosis of the thoracic and sacrococcygeal sections. Among these normal range of the lumbar lordosis is less well defined. CT is very useful method to identified the bony structure and adjacent soft tissue of the spine, so it is very available method to detect accurate lumbar lordotic angle by using lateral Scanogram. Analysis and comparison of lumbar lordotic angles, crossing angle are drawn each parallel line to the superior end plate of body of 1st. lumbar vertebra and to the inferior end plate of the 5th. lumbar vertebra, in 174 cases with backache and 50 cases normal groups at Kangnam General Hospital Public Corporation, from Aug. 1985 to Jul 1986. Male and female were almostly same affected in backache group (1.1:1). And most lumbar lordotic angles were 10 to 40 between all backache age group. On backache group, over all mean lumbar lordotic angles were 24.7±8.9 but no significant difference at mean value of the each diseases, such as HIVD, Degenerative Spondylosis or No Remarkable Findings group. On control group, over all mean ones were 29.2±8.0. So, significant difference of lumbar lordotic angle between backache and control group, and most difference is at 5th. decade group (p 0.01).

  2. Treatment of lumbar disc herniation by percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) and modified PLDD

    Chi, Xiao fei; Li, Hong zhi; Wu, Ru zhou; Sui, Yun xian

    2005-07-01

    Objective: To study the micro-invasive operative method and to compare the effect of treatment of PLDD and modified PLDD for Lumbar Disc Herniation. Method: Vaporized part of the nucleus pulposus in single or multiple point after acupuncture into lumbar disc, to reach the purpose of the decompression of the lumbar disc. Result: Among the 19 cases of the regular PLDD group, the excellent and good rate was 63.2%, and among the 40 cases of the modified PLDD group, the excellent and good rate was 82.5%. Conclusion: The modified PLDD has good effect on the treatment for lumbar disc herniation.

  3. PATRÓN DE ACTIVACIÓN DEL MÚSCULO ERECTOR SPINAE EN DOS EJERCICIOS DE FORTALECIMIENTO LUMBAR LUMBAR

    M. A. Sarti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    El fenómeno de flexión-relajación, disminución brusca y espontánea de la actividad del músculo erector spinae durante la flexión, es la respuesta específica de este músculo en personas sanas. Se ha estudiado la intensidad de contracción del ES durante ejercicios en el banco romano con el objeto de graduar la intensidad del entrenamiento de la musculatura lumbar, pero se desconoce si el patrón de activación varía respecto al observado en postura erecta. Se registraron simultáneamente la EMG de superficie del músculo erector spinae derecho y el movimiento angular del raquis dorsolumbar durante ciclos de flexo-extensión del tronco en el banco romano y en postura erecta (n=20, M: 21.4 años, 64.5Kg y 168.4cm y se compararon los patrones de activación del músculo en ambas posturas, observando que fueron diferentes. El fenómeno de flexión relajación del músculo erector spinae apareció durante la flexión desde postura erecta pero no en el banco romano; la máxima amplitud de flexión fue significativamente menor (p ≤ 0.05 y la actividad decayó  progresiva y simultáneamente con el incremento de flexión en el banco romano. “Evitar rangos máximos de movimiento” como norma durante la práctica de ejercicios del tronco puede proporcionar cierta protección al raquis.
    PALABRAS CLAVE: Erector spinae, fenómeno de flexión-relajación, banco romano, fortalecimiento lumbar, movimiento lumbar.

     

    ABSTRACT

    The flexion-relaxation-phenomenon is the specific response of the erector spinae muscles, in free-pain subjects, during forward bending from upright standing. The contraction intensity of the erector spinae has been studied during trunk exercises on the roman chair, which has brought about significant information in order to graduate lumbar training intensity. To our knowledge, no study determined the pattern of erector spinae activity in the course of movement at the roman-chair exercises. The EMG of the right erector spinae and the angular displacement of the dorso-lumbar spine were symultaneously recorded during the time-course of flexion-extension exercises at upright standing and roman chair (n=20, M: 21.4 years, 64.5Kg and  168.4cm, the muscles activation were compared between the two exercises and different patterns were observed. The flexion-relaxation–phenomenon was  observed during flexion form upright standing but not  during exercises at the roman chair, the maximum amplitude of flexion was significantly less (p ≤ 0.05 and progresive decrease in ES activity occurred when the trunk flexed by maximum. Avoiding maximum range of flexion during trunk exercises is recommended since, as a rule during lumbar training, it may prevent from spine injury.
    KEY WORDS: Erector spinae, flexion-relaxation phenomenon, roman-chair exercises, lumbar-strengthening-exercises, lumbar motion.

  4. TAHU MENGHAMBAT KEHILANGAN TULANG LUMBAR TIKUS BETINA OVARIEKTOMI [Tofu Attenuates Lumbar Bone Loss of Ovariectomized Female Rats

    Suyanto Pawiroharsono 4

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research were to examine the efeects of feed containing soybean tofu and tempeh on lumbar bone density and mass of ovariectomized female rats. Twenty four 17 weeks-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four group, i.e.: (1 non-ovariectomized rats fed casein based diet (NonOvx, (2 ovariectomized rats fed casein based diet (OvxC, (3 ovariectomized rats fed diet containing soybean tofu (OvxH, and (4 ovariectomized rats fed diet containing soybean tempeh (OvxT; in three block based on their body weight. The result show that body weight gram of ovariectomized rats was greater than nonovariectomized. Ovariectomy caused atrophy of the uterus, and resulted in higher serum calcium level. The lower lumbar vertebrae density of ovariectomized rats was observed and the decrease was prevented by tofu.

  5. Outcome after surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis: the lumbar extension test is not a predictive factor

    Westergaard, Lars; Hauerberg, John; Springborg, Jacob B

    2009-01-01

    the lumbar spine has predictive value for the outcome after decompression. The aim of this study was to investigate this theory in a larger group of patients. METHODS: One hundred forty-six consecutive patients surgically treated for LSS were included in the study. The clinical condition was recorded...... before surgery and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery using 3 different scoring systems: Swiss Spinal Stenosis Questionnaire, Neurogenic Claudication Outcome Score, and Oswestry Disability Index. The group of patients with preoperative aggravation of the symptoms by the lumbar extension test......, (positive extension test), was compared with the group of patients without aggravation by the test, (negative extension test). RESULTS: Before surgery, patients with a positive extension test scored significantly worse on all disability scoring systems than patients with a negative test. However, the...

  6. Results of arthrospine assisted percutaneous technique for lumbar discectomy

    Mohinder Kaushal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Avaialable minimal invasive arthro/endoscopic techniques are not compatible with 30 degree arthroscope which orthopedic surgeons uses in knee and shoulder arthroscopy. Minimally invasive “Arthrospine assisted percutaneous technique for lumbar discectomy” is an attempt to allow standard familiar microsurgical discectomy and decompression to be performed using 30° arthroscope used in knee and shoulder arthroscopy with conventional micro discectomy instruments. Materials and Methods: 150 patients suffering from lumbar disc herniations were operated between January 2004 and December 2012 by indiginously designed Arthrospine system and were evaluated retrospectively. In lumbar discectomy group, there were 85 males and 65 females aged between 18 and 72 years (mean, 38.4 years. The delay between onset of symptoms to surgery was between 3 months to 7 years. Levels operated upon included L1-L2 (n = 3, L2-L3 (n = 2, L3-L4 (n = 8, L4-L5 (n = 90, and L5-S1 (n = 47. Ninety patients had radiculopathy on right side and 60 on left side. There were 22 central, 88 paracentral, 12 contained, 3 extraforaminal, and 25 sequestrated herniations. Standard protocol of preoperative blood tests, x-ray LS Spine and pre operative MRI and pre anaesthetic evaluation for anaesthesia was done in all cases. Technique comprised localization of symptomatic level followed by percutaneous dilatation and insertion of a newly devised arthrospine system devise over a dilator through a 15 mm skin and fascial incision. Arthro/endoscopic discectomy was then carried out by 30° arthroscope and conventional disc surgery instruments. Results: Based on modified Macnab's criteria, of 150 patients operated for lumbar discectomy, 136 (90% patients had excellent to good, 12 (8% had fair, and 2 patients (1.3% had poor results. The complications observed were discitis in 3 patients (2%, dural tear in 4 patients (2.6%, and nerve root injury in 2 patients (1.3%. About 90% patients were able to return to light and sedentary work with an average delay of 2 weeks and normal physical activities after 2 months. Conclusion: Arthrospine system is compatible with 30° arthroscope and conventional micro-discectomy instruments. Technique minimizes approach related morbidity and provides minimal access corridor for lumbar discectomy.

  7. THE ROLE OF LIGAMENTUM FLAVUM CALCIFICATION AT LUMBAR SPINE CAUSING CAUDA EQUINA SYNDROME AND LUMBAR RADICULOPATHY: CASE REPORT

    Gajanan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The focal calcification or ossification of ligamentum flavum is a rare cau se of thoracic myelopathy and most often occurs among individuals of Japanese descent. It is rare in other ethnic groups and in individuals below the age of 50 year. It is most often described at the lower thoracic level, being uncommon in the lumbar regio n and rare in the cervical region. Here, we present the case of a 40 - year - old Indian female patient who sought medical attention with a six month history of paraesthesia of the lower limbs and progressive difficulty in walking. The clinical profile, togeth er with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the spine, led to a diagnosis of compressive lumbar myelopathy due to ossification of the ligamentum flavum of lumbar spine. The patient underwent laminectomy and dissection of some of the affec ted ligamentum flavum. After three months of clinical follow - up, the patient had progressed favorably , having no sensory complaints and again becoming ambulatory

  8. Pig lumbar spine anatomy and imaging-guided lateral lumbar puncture: a new large animal model for intrathecal drug delivery.

    Pleticha, Josef; Maus, Timothy P; Jeng-Singh, Christian; Marsh, Michael P; Al-Saiegh, Fadi; Christner, Jodie A; Lee, Kendall H; Beutler, Andreas S

    2013-05-30

    Intrathecal (IT) administration is an important route of drug delivery, and its modelling in a large animal species is of critical value. Although domestic swine is the preferred species for preclinical pharmacology, no minimally invasive method has been established to deliver agents into the IT space. While a "blind" lumbar puncture (LP) can sample cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), it is unreliable for drug delivery in pigs. Using computed tomography (CT), we determined the underlying anatomical reasons for this irregularity. The pig spinal cord was visualised terminating at the S2-S3 level. The lumbar region contained only small amounts of CSF found in the lateral recess. Additional anatomical constraints included ossification of the midline ligaments, overlapping lamina with small interlaminar spaces, and a large bulk of epidural adipose tissue. Accommodating the the pig CT anatomy, we developed a lateral LP (LLP) injection technique that employs advanced planning of the needle path and monitoring of the IT injection progress. The key features of the LLP procedure involved choosing a vertebral level without overlapping lamina or spinal ligament ossification, a needle trajectory crossing the midline, and entering the IT space in its lateral recess. Effective IT delivery was validated by the injection of contrast media to obtain a CT myelogram. LLP represents a safe and reliable method to deliver agents to the lumbar pig IT space, which can be implemented in a straightforward way by any laboratory with access to CT equipment. Therefore, LLP is an attractive large animal model for preclinical studies of IT therapies. PMID:23518340

  9. Actualización en estenorraquis lumbar: diagnóstico, tratamiento y controversias Spinal lumbar stenosis: An update

    Marcelo Molina

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Spinal lumbar stenosis is a disease that occurs mainly between the 5th and 7th decade of life and can be congenital or acquired. The latter has many etiologies, but a degenerative cause is the most common. Stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal diameter caused by many factors such as bulging discs, hypertrophy of flavum ligament, facet capsule thickening and osteophyte formation. The classical symptom of the disease is sciatic pain, that improves with lumbar flexion and worsens with ambulation. Neurological examination is often normal and the most useful imaging test is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Conservative management consists in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, physical therapy and epidural - radicular infiltrations. Spinal infiltrations have a proven efficacy for pain management. A good result of this therapy predicts a favorable outcome after surgery. Surgical treatment consists in decompression with or without lumbar fusion. The addition of an arthrodesis is recommended for degenerative spondylolisthesis, correction of deformities, recurrent spinal stenosis with instability, sagittal or coronal imbalance and adjacent segment disease.

  10. Evaluations of Computed Tomography Images and Lumbar Specimens in Mimic Operations of Transverse Rotation Laminoplasty for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

    Xian-Wu Pei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laminectomy is a major method to treat lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS, but it has lots of flaws such as scar tissue can form around the dura again or spinal instability. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of transverse rotation laminoplasty (TRL in the treatment of LSS. Methods: The mimic operations of TRL were performed both in the computerized image processing and on the lumbar specimen. Computed tomography (CT images were either collected from 80 clinical patients with complaints of lumbago or obtained from 40 sets of lumbar specimens after rebuild of spinal canals. In the CT image processing the heights of the spinous process and laminae at L3-L5 were measured. The total length of the spinous process plus one side laminae after the operation was evaluated and compared with the length of inner margin of pedical before the operation. The areas of the vertebral canal were examined before and after the operation. Results: In the CT images, the height of spinous process of L3, L4 and L5 was 24.74 ± 3.45, 22.68 ± 5.96 and 21.54 ± 4.12 mm respectively, and that of laminae was 23.66 ± 2.32, 22.68 ± 5.36 and 20.99 ± 3.67 mm respectively (P > 0.05. Distance of inner border of pedical of L3, L4 and L5 was 23.01 ± 6.59, 24.65 ± 5.54 and 26.03 ± 7.34 mm respectively, and length of spinous process with laminae of those was 29.76 ± 4.91, 29.31 ± 6.43 and 32.53 ± 5.76 mm respectively (P < 0.05. Preoperative area of spinal canals of L3, L4 and L5 was 299.81 ± 10.09, 297.66 ± 9.54 and 308.22 ± 10.04 mm2 respectively, and postoperative area was 480.01 ± 9.33, 487.32 ± 8.65 and 501.03 ± 9.12 mm2 respectively (P < 0.05. In the human lumbar vertebrae specimen, the data similar to the former. Conclusions: The excised canal posterior was covered, and the lumbar canals enlarged by TRL. The TRL provided a new alternative in the treatment of LSS.

  11. Hydrodynamics of triangular-grid arrays of floating point-absorber wave energy converters with inter-body and bottom slack-mooring connections

    Vicente, Pedro C.; Falcao, Antonio F. de O.; Gato, Luiz M.C. [IDMEC, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Justino, Paulo A.P. [Laboratorio Nacional de Energia e Geologia, 1649-038 Lisboa (Portugal)

    2009-07-01

    It may be convenient that dense arrays of floating point absorbers are spread-moored to the sea bottom through only some of their elements (possibly located in the periphery), while the other array elements are prevented from drifting and colliding with each other by connections to adjacent elements. An array of identical floating point absorbers located at the grid points of an equilateral triangular grid is considered in the paper. A spread set of slack-mooring lines connect the peripheric floaters to the bottom. A weight is located at the centre of each triangle whose function is o pull the three floaters towards each other and keep the inter-body moorings lines under tension. The whole system - buoys, moorings and power take-off systems - is assumed linear, so that a frequency domain analysis may be employed. Hydrodynamic interference between the oscillating bodies is neglected. Equations are presented for a set of three identical point absorbers. This is then extended to more complex equilateral iriangular grid arrays. Results from numerical simulations, with regular and irregular waves, are presented for the motions and power absorption of hemispherical converters in arrays of three and seven elements and different mooring and power take-off parameters, and wave incidence angles. Comparisons are given with the unmoored and independently-moored buoy situations.

  12. The reproducibility of quantitative measurements in lumbar magnetic resonance imaging of children from the general population

    Masharawi, Y; Kjaer, P; Bendix, T; Manniche, C; Wedderkopp, N; Sorensen, J S; Peled, N; Jensen, Tue Secher

    2008-01-01

    STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements in children were taken twice and analyzed for intra- and intertester reproducibility. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility of a variety of lumbar quantitative measurements taken from MRIs of children from the ge...

  13. Clinical applications of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar foraminal nerve root entrapment

    Ohtori, Seiji; Yamashita, Masaomi; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Suzuki, Munetaka; Orita, Sumihisa; Kamoda, Hiroto; Arai, Gen; Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro; Miyagi, Masayuki; Ochiai, Nobuyasu; Kishida, Shunji; Masuda, Yoshitada; Ochi, Shigehiro; Kikawa, Takashi; Takaso, Masashi; Aoki, Yasuchika; Toyone, Tomoaki; Suzuki, Takane; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2010-01-01

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can provide valuable structural information about tissues that may be useful for clinical applications in evaluating lumbar foraminal nerve root entrapment. Our purpose was to visualize the lumbar nerve root and to analyze its morphology, and to measure its apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in healthy volunteers and patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis using 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging. Fourteen patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis and 14 healthy volunteers were studied. Regions of interest were placed at the fourth and fifth lumbar root at dorsal root ganglia and distal spinal nerves (at L4 and L5) and the first sacral root and distal spinal nerve (S1) on DWI to quantify mean ADC values. The anatomic parameters of the spinal nerve roots can also be determined by neurography. In patients, mean ADC values were significantly higher in entrapped roots and distal spinal nerve than in intact ones. Neurography also showed abnormalities such as nerve indentation, swelling and running transversely in their course through the foramen. In all patients, leg pain was ameliorated after selective decompression (n = 9) or nerve block (n = 5). We demonstrated the first use of DWI and neurography of human lumbar nerves to visualize and quantitatively evaluate lumbar nerve entrapment with foraminal stenosis. We believe that DWI is a potential tool for diagnosis of lumbar nerve entrapment. PMID:20632042

  14. Hip and pelvis diseases on lumbar AP radiographs including both hip joints

    To determine the frequency of diseases of the hip and pelvis, as seen of plain radiography of the lumbar spine in patients with suspicious lumbar disease, and to evaluate the methods used of lumbar spine radiography in Korea. Sixty university and training hospitals were randomly selected and asked to describe the projections, film size and radiographic techniques employed for routine radiography in patients with suspected disease of the lumbar spine. Plain radiographs of 1252 patients, taken using 14' x 17' film and depicting both hip joints and the lumbar region, were analysed between March 1999 and February 2000. In 15 patients (1.2%), the radiographs revealed hip or pelvic lesions, confirmed as follows: avascular necrosis of the femoral head (n=11, with bilateral lesions in four cases); sustained ankylosing spondylitis (n=2); acetabular dysplasia (n=1); and insufficiency fracture of the pubic rami secondary to osteoporosis (n=1). In 11 of the 20 hospitals which responded, 14' x 17' film was being used for lumbar radiography, while in the other nine, film size was smaller. Plain radiography of the lumbar spine including both hip joints, may be a useful was to simultaneously evaluate lesions not only of the lumbar spine but also of the hip and/or pelvis

  15. 49 CFR 572.75 - Lumbar spine, abdomen, and pelvis assembly and test procedure.

    2010-10-01

    ...— (1) Flex by an amount that permits the rigid thoracic spine to rotate from the torso's initial... that when the lumbar spine flexion is 40 degrees, the applied force is perpendicular to the thoracic... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Lumbar spine, abdomen, and pelvis assembly...

  16. Diabetes Mellitus, a New Risk Factor for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Case–Control Study

    Asadian, Leila; Haddadi, Kaveh; Aarabi, Mohsen; Zare, Amirhossein

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES This study aimed to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients with spinal stenosis and lumbar vertebral disk degeneration, and the correlation of diabetes with these diseases. STUDY DESIGN This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS This case–control study was performed during 2012–2014 with 110 patients suffering from lumbar spinal stenosis and 110 patients with lumbar disk herniation, who were diagnosed using clinical and radiological evidences. Additionally, 110 participants who were referred to the clinic and did not show clinical signs of degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine entered the study as a control group. Demographic data and medical histories of the patients were collected using checklists. RESULTS A total of 50 patients (15.2%) were diagnosed with diabetes, which comprised 32 (29.1%) in the stenosis group, 7 (6.4%) in the lumbar disk herniation group, and 11 (10%) in the control group. The prevalence of diabetes in women with spinal stenosis and women with lumbar disk herniation was 35.9% and 10.3%, respectively, whereas prevalence of diabetes in women was 10.9% in the control group. This difference was statistically significant in the spinal stenosis group in comparison with the controls (P diabetes and lumbar spinal stenosis. Diabetes mellitus may be a predisposing factor for the development of lumbar spinal stenosis.

  17. MR guided percutaneous laser lumbar disk hernia ablation

    An MRI unit for interventional procedure is very useful for minimally invasive surgery of the brain and spine. Percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) utilizing X-ray fluoroscopy is a relatively new less invasive procedure for treatment of lumbar disc herniation. MR guided laser surgery is applied to patients with disc herniation at our department. Approaching the target of the disc protrusion was easily conducted and vaporizing the disc hernia directly using a laser was possible under MR fluoroscopy. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the usefulness of MR guided percutaneous laser disc hernia ablation (MR-guided PLDHA). As subjects, 36 patients with lumbar disc herniation, including 23 cases with L4/5 involvement and 13 cases with L5/S1 involvement were studied. Among these, 26 were males and 10 were females, age ranging from 24 to 62. We used an open type MR system (Hitachi, Airis 0.3T), a permanent, open configuration MR system. A YAG laser (LaserScope, USA) was used for PLDHA. An MR compatible 18G titanium needle 15 cm in length was used to puncture the herniated discs. The MR compatible needle was clearly visualized, and used to safely and accurately puncture the target herniated disc in each case with multidimensional guidance. Application of the laser was performed with MR guidance. The energy dose from the laser ranged from 800 to 2100 joules. In most cases, signs and symptoms improved in the patients immediately after disc vaporization. The overall success rate was 88.9%. The complication rate was 2.8%, including one case of discitis after PLDHA. MR fluoroscopy sequence permits near real time imaging and provides an easy approach to the therapeutic target of disc herniation. MR guided PLDHA is a minimally invasive procedure and is very useful for the treatment of lumbar disc protrusion. (author)

  18. Clinical outcomes and efficacy of transforaminal lumbar endoscopic discectomy

    Cezmi Çagri Türk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transforaminal lumbar endoscopic discectomy (TLED is a minimally invasive procedure for removing lumbar disc herniations. This technique was initially reserved for herniations in the foraminal or extraforaminal region. This study concentrated on our experience regarding the outcomes and efficacy of TLED. Materials and Methods: A total of 105 patients were included in the study. The patients were retrospectively evaluated for demographic features, lesion levels, numbers of affected levels, visual analog scores (VASs, Oswestry disability questionnaire scale scores and MacNab pain relief scores. Results: A total of 48 female and 57 male patients aged between 25 and 64 years (mean: 41.8 years underwent TLED procedures. The majority (83% of the cases were operated on at the levels of L4-5 and L5-S1. Five patients had herniations at two levels. There were significant decreases between the preoperative VAS scores collected postoperatively at 6 months (2.3 and those collected after 1-year (2.5. Two patients were referred for microdiscectomy after TLED due to unsatisfactory pain relief on the 1 st postoperative day. The overall success rate with respect to pain relief was 90.4% (95/105. Seven patients with previous histories of open discectomy at the same level reported fair pain relief after TLED. Conclusions: Transforaminal lumbar endoscopic discectomy is a safe and effective alternative to microdiscectomy that is associated with minor tissue trauma. Herniations that involved single levels and foraminal/extraforaminal localizations were associated with better responses to TLED.

  19. Asymmetry of the multifidus muscle in lumbar radicular nerve compression

    The multifidus muscle is the only paraspinal lumbar muscle that is innervated by a single nerve root. This study aimes to evaluate if the asymmetry of the multifidus muscle is related to the severity of compression of the nerve root or the duration of radiculopathy. MRI scans of 79 patients with symptomatic single level, unilateral, lumbar radiculopathy were reviewed for this retrospective case series with a nested case-control study. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the multifidus muscle and the perpendicular distance of the multifidus to the lamina (MLD) were measured bilaterally by two radiologists and set into relation to the severity of nerve compression, duration of radiculopathy and probability of an indication for surgical decompression. In 67 recessal and 12 foraminal symptomatic nerve root compressions, neither the MLD ratio (severe 1.19 ± 0.55 vs less severe nerve compression: 1.12 ± 0.30, p = 0.664) nor the CSA ratio (severe 1 ± 0.16 vs less severe 0.98 ± 0.13, p = 0.577) nor the duration of symptoms significantly correlated with the degree of nerve compression. MR measurements of multifidus were not different in patients with (n = 20) and those without (n = 59) clinical muscle weakness in the extremity caused by nerve root compression. A MLD >1.5 was, however, associated with the probability of an indication for surgical decompression (OR 3, specificity 92 %, PPV 73 %). Asymmetry of the multifidus muscle correlates with neither the severity nor the duration of nerve root compression in the lumbar spine. Severe asymmetry with substantial multifidus atrophy seems associated with the probability of an indication of surgical decompression. (orig.)

  20. Ultrastructural changes of compressed lumbar ventral nerve roots following decompression

    To study whether there will be permanent lumbar nerve rot scanning or degeneration secondary to continuous compression followed by decompression on the nerve roots, which can account for postlaminectomy leg weakness or back pain. The study was performed at the Department of Anatomy, Faulty of Medicine, king Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during 2003-2005. Twenty-six adult male New Zealand rabbits were used in the present study. The ventral roots of the left fourth lumbar nerve were clamped for 2 weeks then decompression was allowed by removal of the clips. The left ventral roots of the fourth lumbar nerve were excised for electron microscopic study. One week after nerve root decompression, the ventral root peripheral to the site of compression showed signs of Wallerian degeneration together with signs of regeneration. Schwann cells and myelinated nerve fibers showed severe degenerative changes. Two weeks after decompression, the endoneurium of the ventral root showed extensive edema with an increase in the regenerating myelinated and unmyentilated nerve fibers, and fibroblasts proliferation. Three weeks after decompression, the endoneurium showed an increase in the regenerating myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers with diminution of the endoneurial edema, and number of macrophages and an increase in collagen fibrils. Five and 6 weeks after decompression, the endoneurium showed marked diminution of the edema, macrophages, mast cells and fibroblasts. The enoneurium was filed of myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers and collagen fibrils. Decompression of the compressed roots of a spinal nerve is followed by regeneration of the nerve fibers and nerve and nerve recovery without endoneurial scarring. (author)

  1. Rat lumbar vertebrae bone densitometry using multidetector CT

    Peripheral quantitative CT (pQCT) is the main method of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in small animals. However, pQCT is usually only available in specialized centers, while clinical multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is much more widely available. This study investigated the feasibility of using clinical 64-slice MDCT for measuring the BMD of rat lumbar vertebrae. The lumbar vertebrae of 18 7-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were studied. Two MDCT protocols (General Electric LightSpeed), comprising single 2.5-mm and continuous 0.625-mm acquisitions, and a single pQCT protocol (Scanco Densiscan 2000), comprising 1-mm acquisitions, were performed. The following comparisons were carried out: 2.5-mm MDCT densitometry versus 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry; 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry compared to pQCT densitometry; same day repeatability of 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry; longitudinal repeatability of 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry on day 0 and day 28 and longitudinal 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry in ovariectomized rats on day 0 and day 28. Comparisons were made using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Examination time per animal was 5 min for MDCT and 30 min for pQCT. Acquisitions of 2.5-mm MDCT had a larger coefficient of variation (CoV) than 0.625-mm acquisitions. MDCT densitometry had good agreement with pQCT densitometry (ICC = 0.85). Same-day MDCT densitometry with 0.625-mm acquisitions had a small CoV (1.61%). MDCT densitometry of non-ovariectomized animals at 28 days showed no BMD change, while MDCT densitometry of ovariectomized animals showed a 13.7 ± 6.7% BMD reduction at 28 days. Clinical MDCT can reliably and accurately measure rat lumbar vertebral BMD and is much faster than pQCT. (orig.)

  2. Rat lumbar vertebrae bone densitometry using multidetector CT

    Wang, Yi-Xiang J.; Griffith, James F.; Yeung, David K.W.; Ahuja, Anil T. [Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong (China); Zhou, Hua [Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong (China); Zhejiang University, Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province (China); Choi, Kai Chow [The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shatin, Hong Kong (China); Hung, Vivian W.Y.; Qin, Ling [The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Shatin, Hong Kong (China)

    2009-04-15

    Peripheral quantitative CT (pQCT) is the main method of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in small animals. However, pQCT is usually only available in specialized centers, while clinical multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is much more widely available. This study investigated the feasibility of using clinical 64-slice MDCT for measuring the BMD of rat lumbar vertebrae. The lumbar vertebrae of 18 7-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were studied. Two MDCT protocols (General Electric LightSpeed), comprising single 2.5-mm and continuous 0.625-mm acquisitions, and a single pQCT protocol (Scanco Densiscan 2000), comprising 1-mm acquisitions, were performed. The following comparisons were carried out: 2.5-mm MDCT densitometry versus 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry; 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry compared to pQCT densitometry; same day repeatability of 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry; longitudinal repeatability of 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry on day 0 and day 28 and longitudinal 0.625-mm MDCT densitometry in ovariectomized rats on day 0 and day 28. Comparisons were made using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Examination time per animal was 5 min for MDCT and 30 min for pQCT. Acquisitions of 2.5-mm MDCT had a larger coefficient of variation (CoV) than 0.625-mm acquisitions. MDCT densitometry had good agreement with pQCT densitometry (ICC = 0.85). Same-day MDCT densitometry with 0.625-mm acquisitions had a small CoV (1.61%). MDCT densitometry of non-ovariectomized animals at 28 days showed no BMD change, while MDCT densitometry of ovariectomized animals showed a 13.7 {+-} 6.7% BMD reduction at 28 days. Clinical MDCT can reliably and accurately measure rat lumbar vertebral BMD and is much faster than pQCT. (orig.)

  3. Asymmetry of the multifidus muscle in lumbar radicular nerve compression

    Farshad, Mazda; Gerber, Christian; Farshad-Amacker, Nadja A.; Dietrich, Tobias J.; Laufer-Molnar, Viviane; Min, Kan [Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zuerich, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2014-01-15

    The multifidus muscle is the only paraspinal lumbar muscle that is innervated by a single nerve root. This study aimes to evaluate if the asymmetry of the multifidus muscle is related to the severity of compression of the nerve root or the duration of radiculopathy. MRI scans of 79 patients with symptomatic single level, unilateral, lumbar radiculopathy were reviewed for this retrospective case series with a nested case-control study. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the multifidus muscle and the perpendicular distance of the multifidus to the lamina (MLD) were measured bilaterally by two radiologists and set into relation to the severity of nerve compression, duration of radiculopathy and probability of an indication for surgical decompression. In 67 recessal and 12 foraminal symptomatic nerve root compressions, neither the MLD ratio (severe 1.19 ± 0.55 vs less severe nerve compression: 1.12 ± 0.30, p = 0.664) nor the CSA ratio (severe 1 ± 0.16 vs less severe 0.98 ± 0.13, p = 0.577) nor the duration of symptoms significantly correlated with the degree of nerve compression. MR measurements of multifidus were not different in patients with (n = 20) and those without (n = 59) clinical muscle weakness in the extremity caused by nerve root compression. A MLD >1.5 was, however, associated with the probability of an indication for surgical decompression (OR 3, specificity 92 %, PPV 73 %). Asymmetry of the multifidus muscle correlates with neither the severity nor the duration of nerve root compression in the lumbar spine. Severe asymmetry with substantial multifidus atrophy seems associated with the probability of an indication of surgical decompression. (orig.)

  4. MR guided percutaneous laser lumbar disk hernia ablation

    Hashimoto, Takuo; Terao, Tohru; Ishibashi, Toshihiro; Yuhki, Ichiro; Harada, Junta; Tashima, Michiko [Jikei Univ., Chiba (Japan). Kashiwa Hospital; Abe, Toshiaki

    1998-03-01

    An MRI unit for interventional procedure is very useful for minimally invasive surgery of the brain and spine. Percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) utilizing X-ray fluoroscopy is a relatively new less invasive procedure for treatment of lumbar disc herniation. MR guided laser surgery is applied to patients with disc herniation at our department. Approaching the target of the disc protrusion was easily conducted and vaporizing the disc hernia directly using a laser was possible under MR fluoroscopy. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the usefulness of MR guided percutaneous laser disc hernia ablation (MR-guided PLDHA). As subjects, 36 patients with lumbar disc herniation, including 23 cases with L4/5 involvement and 13 cases with L5/S1 involvement were studied. Among these, 26 were males and 10 were females, age ranging from 24 to 62. We used an open type MR system (Hitachi, Airis 0.3T), a permanent, open configuration MR system. A YAG laser (LaserScope, USA) was used for PLDHA. An MR compatible 18G titanium needle 15 cm in length was used to puncture the herniated discs. The MR compatible needle was clearly visualized, and used to safely and accurately puncture the target herniated disc in each case with multidimensional guidance. Application of the laser was performed with MR guidance. The energy dose from the laser ranged from 800 to 2100 joules. In most cases, signs and symptoms improved in the patients immediately after disc vaporization. The overall success rate was 88.9%. The complication rate was 2.8%, including one case of discitis after PLDHA. MR fluoroscopy sequence permits near real time imaging and provides an easy approach to the therapeutic target of disc herniation. MR guided PLDHA is a minimally invasive procedure and is very useful for the treatment of lumbar disc protrusion. (author)

  5. The diagnostic utility of resistive MRI for lumbar disc hernias

    The diagnostic utility of the 0.1 tesla resistive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system was studied for 78 lumbar disc hernias in surgically treated 70 patients. Myelographic appearance of the lumbar disc hernias fell into the following three categories: (1) medial type, compressing the thecal sac; (2) mediolateral type, compressing both the nerve root and thecal sac; and (3) lateral type, compressing the nerve root. MRI was performed in low-flip angle (LF) and saturation-recovery (SR) radiofrequency-pulse sequences for the midline and paramedian sagittal sections, respectively. A transverse section was found positive when the laterality of the disc hermia was obtained. A coronal section was found positive when high-intensity disc material compresisng the nerve root was recognized. Diagnostic capability of MRI was graded in three scores: Excellent- the optimal information was provided; Fair- some pieces of information was obtained, but not enough for diagnosis; Poor- the information was not helpful for diagnosis in deciding the operative procedure. Of 13 medial disc hernias, 84.6% was positive in the sagittal plane and 88.9% in the transverse plane. MRI was superior to myelography in 9 lesions. Of 38 mediolateral disc hernias, 84.2% were positive in the sagittal plane, 74.2% in the transverse plane, and 26.7% in the coronal plane. MRI was judged as excellent for 17 lesions, fair for 15 lesions, and poor for 6 lesions. Of 27 lateral disc hernias, 55.6% were positive in the sagittal plane, 50.0% in the transverse plane, and 30.0% in the coronal plane. MRI was judged as excellent for 4 lesions, fair for 11 lesions, and poor for 12 lesions. Resistive MRI system was of limited value in diagnosing surgical indication of lateral lumbar disc hernias, especially for small but painful lesions. (N.K.)

  6. Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine; Cistos sinoviais lombares

    Rosa, Ana Claudia Ferreira; Machado, Marcio Martins [Goias Univ., Goiania, GO (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Hospital das Clinicas]. E-mail: anaclaudiaferreira@ig.com.br; Figueiredo, Marco Antonio Junqueira [Hospital Sirio-Libanes, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Servico de Tomografia Computadorizada; Cerri, Giovanni Guido [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia

    2002-10-01

    Intraspinal synovial cysts of the lumbar spine are rare and commonly associated with osteoarthritis of the facet joints, particularly at level L4-L5. Symptoms are uncommon and may include low-back pain or sciatica. These cysts are accurately diagnosed by using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Diagnosis is essential for the correct management of the cysts. Several treatment options are available including rest and immobilization, computed tomography guided corticosteroid injection, and surgery in patients that are nonresponsive to other treatment methods. (author)

  7. CT findings of lumbar intervertebral disc: II. Disc herniation (HNP)

    In lumbar region the epidural fat pad is relatively abundant so that CT can provides sufficient information in diagnosis of lumbar HNP. Many authors have reported on the CT findings of HNP such as focal nodular protrusion of the posterior disc margin, obliteration of epidural fat pad, impingement of dural sac and nerve root, swelling of nerve root, soft tissue density in the spinal canal and calcification of disc. However there was so previous report describing incidence and reliability of the findings. It is the purpose of the present study to survey the frequency, reliability, and limitation of these CT findings. The clinical material was consisted of 30 operatively proven cases of HNP of the lumbar spine. Each lumbar CT scan was reviewed retrospectively and the findings were analysed by two radiologists independently. There were 20 males and 10 females and the mean age was 36.7 years. Involvement of L4-S5 level was 2.3 times more frequent than that of L5-S1 level. Of 30 cases, 22 were unilateral posterolateral types and 8 cases central or unilateral far lateral types. CT findings observed were nodular protrusion of the posterior margin of the disc, obliteration of epidural fat pad, impingement of dural sac or nerve root, soft tissue density in the spinal canal and calcification in the posterior portion of the protruded disc, in order of decreasing frequency. The conclusions are follows: 1. Nodular protrusion of the posterior disc margin accompanied by obliteration of epidural fat pad was observed in every case. The former findings was designated as direct sign and the latter indirect. 2. Obliteration of the epidural fat appears to be significant in lateral recesses especially when it occurs unilaterally. This was not true, however, in the centrally located fat pad. 3. Impingement of the dural sac and nerve root were observed in 90% and 67%, respectively, and were very helpful in establishing HNP diagnosis when the direct and indirect signs were equivocal. Metrizamide CT scan facilitated the evaluation of the dural sac and nerve root. 4. Soft tissue density in the spinal canal and calcification in the posterior portion of the protruded disc were demonstrated in only 2% and 1% of the case, respectively.

  8. Lumbar percutaneous discectomy. Initial experience in 28 cases

    Faubert, C. (Saarland Univ., Homburg/Saar (Germany). Neuroradiological Inst.); Caspar, W. (Saarland Univ., Homburg/Saar (Germany). Dept. of Neurosurgery)

    1991-10-01

    Since November 88, 28 patients with lumbar L5 radiculopathy refractory to conservative care and with a radiologically verified central or mediolateral disc herniation at the level of L4/L5 had had a percutaneous discectomy. A short-term follow-up analysis of at least 2 months taking the clinical and functional status as well as the professional reintegration into account revealed a 64.3% (18/28 patients) satisfactory outcome and a 32.1% (10/28 patients) failure rate. Of the latter 28.6% (8/28 patients) required further open surgery. (orig./GDG).

  9. Extradural chondroma presenting as lumbar mass with compressive neuropathy

    Jonathan Pace

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The identification of a soft tissue chondroma within the spine represents a rarity and is typically not included within the differential diagnosis for patients with sensory complaints of the leg. The authors describe 46-year-old female presenting with 3-week history of decreased sensation and paresthesias of the left leg. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine demonstrated an L3 extradural soft tissue mass. She underwent an uncomplicated excision through an L3 laminectomy and exhibited complete resolution of symptoms. Pathologic examination revealed benign cartilaginous tissue; however, the authors recommend long-term follow-up for such lesions as the potential for malignant transformation is unknown.

  10. Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: an epidemiological perspective: the Copenhagen Osteoarthritis Study

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Sonne-Holm, Stig; Rovsing, Hans; Monrad, Henrik; Gebuhr, Peter

    2007-01-01

    = 0.001), and between BMI in 1993 and both L4 and L5 olisthesis were found (L4: P = 0.003; L5: P = 0.006). Lumbar lordosis was associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis in women. Occupational exposures to daily lifting or smoking were not associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis....... Degenerative spondylolisthesis was associated with increased age in both sexes (L4: P < 0.001; L5: P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: BMI longitudinally and at index evaluations, age, and angle of lordosis were significantly associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis in women. In men, no individual risk factors for...

  11. Radiologic abnormalities of the thoraco-lumbar spine in athletes

    A radiologic study of the thoraco-lumbar spine was performed in 143 (117 male and 26 female) athletes (wrestlers, gymnasts, soccer players and tennis players), aged 14 to 25 years and 30 male nonathletes, aged 19 to 25 years. Film interpretation was made after mixing the films from all groups and without knowledge of the individual's identity. Various types of radiologic abnormalities occured in both athletes and non-athletes but were more common among athletes, especially male-gymnasts and wrestlers. Abnormalities of the vertebral ring apophysis occurred exclusively in athletes. Combinations of different types of abnormalities were most common in male gymnasts and wrestlers. (orig.)

  12. Microsurgical excision of hematoma of the lumbar ligamentum flavum.

    Takeno, Kenichi; Kobayashi, Shigeru; Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi; Yayama, Takafumi; Baba, Hisatoshi

    2010-07-01

    Hematoma of the lumbar ligamentum flavum is a very rare cause of sciatica. A 72-year-old man presented with left-sided sciatica and paresthesia of the lateral aspect of his left foot. From CT and MRI findings, he was diagnosed as having a hematoma embedded in the ligamentum flavum, which compressed the dura mater at the L5/S1 disc level. After an adequate surgical field was obtained with a microscope and a Casper retractor, the hematoma of the ligamentum flavum could be excised via a unilateral approach and satisfactory decompression of the cauda equina and nerve roots were obtained. PMID:20537575

  13. Lumbar spine surgery positioning complications: a systematic review.

    Shriver, Michael F; Zeer, Valerie; Alentado, Vincent J; Mroz, Thomas E; Benzel, Edward C; Steinmetz, Michael P

    2015-10-01

    OBJECT There are a variety of surgical positions that provide optimal exposure of the dorsal lumbar spine. These include the prone, kneeling, knee-chest, knee-elbow, and lateral decubitus positions. All are positions that facilitate exposure of the spine. Each position, however, is associated with an array of unique complications that result from excessive pressure applied to the torso or extremities. The authors reviewed clinical studies reporting complications that arose from positioning of the patient during dorsal exposures of the lumbar spine. METHODS MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science database searches were performed to find clinical studies reporting complications associated with positioning during lumbar spine surgery. For articles meeting inclusion criteria, the following information was obtained: publication year, study design, sample size, age, operative time, type of surgery, surgical position, frame or table type, complications associated with positioning, time to first observed complication, long-term outcomes, and evidence-based recommendations for complication avoidance. RESULTS Of 3898 articles retrieved from MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science, 34 met inclusion criteria. Twenty-four studies reported complications associated with use of the prone position, and 7 studies investigated complications after knee-chest positioning. Complications associated with the knee-elbow, lateral decubitus, and supine positions were each reported by a single study. Vision loss was the most commonly reported complication for both prone and knee-chest positioning. Several other complications were reported, including conjunctival swelling, Ischemic orbital compartment syndrome, nerve palsies, thromboembolic complications, pressure sores, lower extremity compartment syndrome, and shoulder dislocation, highlighting the assortment of possible complications following different surgical positions. For prone-position studies, there was a relationship between increased operation time and position complications. Only 3 prone-position studies reported complications following procedures of less than 120 minutes, 7 studies reported complications following mean operative times of 121-240 minutes, and 9 additional studies reported complications following mean operative times greater than 240 minutes. This relationship was not observed for knee-chest and other surgical positions. CONCLUSIONS This work presents a systematic review of positioning-related complications following prone, knee-chest, and other positions used for lumbar spine surgery. Numerous evidence-based recommendations for avoidance of these potentially severe complications associated with intraoperative positioning are discussed. This investigation may serve as a framework to educate the surgical team and decrease rates of intraoperative positioning complications. PMID:26424340

  14. Multivariate prognostic modeling of persistent pain following lumbar discectomy.

    Hegarty, Dominic

    2013-03-04

    Persistent postsurgical pain (PPSP) affects between 10% and 50% of surgical patients, the development of which is a complex and poorly understood process. To date, most studies on PPSP have focused on specific surgical procedures where individuals do not suffer from chronic pain before the surgical intervention. Individuals who have a chronic nerve injury are likely to have established peripheral and central sensitization which may increase the risk of developing PPSP. Concurrent analyses of the possible factors contributing to the development of PPSP following lumbar discectomy have not been examined.

  15. MRI of spinal hematoma as a result of lumbar puncture

    A 59-year-old woman was suspected of having meningitis. A lumbar puncture was performed for CSF analysis; however, a traumatic tap induced hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space and formed a hematoma from the L3 to the S1 level. This resulted in a paraparesis. Myelography showed a band-like filling defect and a subsequent computed tomography (CT) myelogram showed a soft tissue mass in the intradural space. T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion with moderate hyperintensity within the dural sac, hinting that the lesion was a hematoma. Laminectomy was performed, and the hematoma was entirely removed. (orig.)

  16. Effect of lumbar orthosis on intervertebral mobility. A roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis.

    Axelsson, P; Johnsson, R; Strömqvist, B

    1992-06-01

    To determine the stabilizing effect of external lumbar supports on the intervertebral mobility in the lower lumbar spine, seven patients with a posterolateral lumbosacral fusion without internal fixation were examined by roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis in supine and erect positions 1 month after surgery, that is, after soft tissue healing but before fusion consolidation. Each patient was examined without lumbar support, with a molded, rigid orthosis and with a canvas corset with molded, plastic posterior support. Neither of the two types of lumbar support had any stabilizing effect on the sagittal, vertical, or transverse intervertebral translations. This study using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis confirms that lumbosacral orthosis has effect by restricting gross motions of the trunk rather than intervertebral mobility in the lumbar spine. PMID:1626301

  17. Hernia lumbar de Grynfelt-Lesshaft: A propósito de 2 casos

    Jesús Alberto Rondón Espino

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Las hernias lumbares son sumamentes raras, y se reportan en pocas ocasiones. Las hernias que se producen a través del espacio lumbar superior o de Grynfelt-Lesshaft, por ser éste más constante y de mayor tamaño, suelen aparecer con más frecuencia que las que se producen a través del triángulo de Petit. Se reportan 2 pacientes diagnosticados y tratados quirúrgicamente a causa de esta afecciónLumbar hernias are extremely -+rare and they are occasionally reported. The hernias occurred through the superior lumbar space or triangle of Grynfeltt-Lesshaft, which is more constant and larger, appear more often than those developed through the lumbar triangle of Petit. 2 patients who were diagnosed and surgically treated due to this affection are reported

  18. EFFECTIVENESS OF SPINAL MOBILIZATION WITH LEG MOVEMENT (SMWLM IN PATIENTS WITH LUMBAR RADICULOPATHY (L5 / S1 NERVE ROOT IN LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION

    Sahiba Yadav

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Various manual therapy techniques are known to treat discogenic pain. Research is limited and controversial in the effectiveness of manual therapy for treatment of lumbar radiculopathy due to lumbar disc disease. In manual therapy, Mulligan has described spinal mobilisation with leg movement technique, for improvement in lumbar lesion resulting in pain and other signs below knee. Purpose of the study: To find out if Mulligan’s Spinal Mobilisation with Leg Movement technique (SMWLM in conjunction with conventional treatment is better than conventional treatment alone in improving leg pain intensity (VAS, localization of leg pain (body diagram by Donelson, back specific disability (RMQ in patients with lumbar radiculopathy (L5/ S1 nerve root in lumbar disc herniation. Methods: The study is a randomized controlled trial performed on 30 patients with lumbar radiculopathy. Both the groups received back extension exercises, hot pack, precautions and ergonomic advice. The experimental group received SMWLM technique in addition to the conventional treatment. Outcomes included leg pain intensity, Roland Morris Questionnaire and body diagram by Donelson. Results: There was significant improvement in VAS (p=0.000, body diagram (p=0.000 for experimental group and p=0.003 for conventional group and Roland Morris Questionnaire score (p=0.000 within the groups. Between group analysis showed significant improvement in VAS (p=0.000, body diagram score (p=0.000. Although there was significant improvement in Roland Morris Questionnaire score within the groups but there no significant difference between the group (p=0.070. Conclusion: Spinal Mobilization with Leg Movement technique in addition to conventional physical therapy produced significant improvement in leg pain intensity, location of pain and back specific disability in patients with lumbar radiculopathy in lumbar disc herniation.

  19. General practitioners' willingness to request plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations

    Ryynaenen, Olli-Pekka E-mail: ollipekka.ryynanen@uku.fi; Lehtovirta, Jukka; Soimakallio, Seppo; Takala, Jorma

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: To examine general practitioners' attitudes to plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations. Design: A postal questionnaire consisting of questions on background data and doctors' opinions about plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations, as well as eight vignettes (imaginary patient cases) presenting indications for lumbar radiography, and five vignettes focusing on the doctors' willingness to request lumbar radiography on the basis of patients' age and duration of symptoms. The data were analysed according to the doctor's age, sex, workplace and the medical school of graduation. Setting: Finland. Subjects: Six hundred and fifteen randomly selected physicians working in primary health care (64% of original target group). Results: The vignettes revealed that the use of plain lumbar radiographic examination varied between 26 and 88%. Patient's age and radiation protection were the most prominent factors influencing doctors' decisions to request lumbar radiographies. Only slight differences were observed between the attitudes of male and female doctors, as well as between young and older doctors. Doctors' willingness to request lumbar radiographies increased with the patient's age in most vignettes. The duration of patients' symptoms had a dramatic effect on the doctor's decision: in all vignettes, doctors were more likely to request lumbar radiography when patient's symptoms had exceeded 4 weeks. Conclusions: General practitioners commonly use plain lumbar spine radiographic examinations, despite its limited value in the diagnosis of low back pain. Further consensus and medical education is needed to clarify the indications for plain lumbar radiographic examination.

  20. Influence of lumbar curvature and rotation on forward flexibility in idiopathic scoliosis

    Feng-Chun Kao

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lumbar spine facet joints are arranged sagittally and mainly provide forward flexibility. Rotation of the lumbar vertebral body and coronal plane deformity may influence the function of lumbar forward flexibility. We hypothesize that the more advanced axial and coronal plane deformity could cause more limitation on forward flexibility in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: Between January 2011 and August 2011, 85 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were enrolled in this study. The proximal thoracic, major thoracic, thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L, and lumbar (L1/L5 curves were measured by Cobb's method. Lumbar apical rotation was graded using the Nash-Moe score. Lumbar forward flexibility was measured using the sit and reach (S and R test. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA, Spearman's and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The mean age was 16.1 ± 2.84 years. The mean proximal thoracic, major thoracic, TL/L, and L1/L5 curves were 17.61° ± 8.92, 25.56° ± 11.61, 26.09° ± 8.6, and 15.10° ± 7.85, respectively. The mean S and R measurement was 25.56 ± 12.33 cm. The magnitude of the TL/L and L1/L5 curves was statistically positively related to vertebral rotation (rs = 0.580 and 0.649, respectively. The correlation between the S and R test and both the TL/L and L1/L5 curves was negative (rp = –0.371 and –0.595, respectively. Besides, the S and R test also demonstrated a significant negative relationship with vertebral rotation (rs = –0.768. Conclusion: In patients with idiopathic scoliosis, spinal deformity can diminish lumbar forward flexibility. Higher lumbar curvature and rotation lead to greater restriction of lumbar flexion.