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Sample records for posterior femoral condyle

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging of articular cartilage abnormalities of the far posterior femoral condyle of the knee

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    Ogino, Shuhei; Huang, Thomas; Watanabe, Atsuya; Iranpour-Boroujeni, Tannaz; Yoshioka, Hiroshi (Dept. of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)), e-mail: hiroshi@uci.edu

    2010-01-15

    Background: Incidental articular cartilage lesions of the far posterior femoral condyle (FPFC) are commonly detected. Whether or not these cartilage lesions are symptomatic or clinically significant is unknown. Purpose: To characterize and assess prevalence of articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC and associated bone marrow edema (BME) and/or internal derangements through magnetic resonance (MR) images. Material and Methods: 654 knee MR examinations were reviewed retrospectively. Sagittal fast spin-echo proton density-weighted images with and without fat suppression were acquired with a 1.5T scanner, and were evaluated by two readers by consensus. The following factors were assessed: 1) the prevalence of cartilage abnormalities, 2) laterality, 3) the type of cartilage abnormalities, 4) cartilage abnormality grading, 5) associated BME, 6) complications such as meniscal injury and cruciate ligament injury, and 7) knee alignment (femorotibial angle [FTA]). Results: Articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC were demonstrated in 157 of the 654 patients (24%). Of these, 40 patients demonstrated medial and lateral FPFC cartilage abnormalities and were thus counted as 80 cases. Focal lateral FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 117 of 197 cases (59.4%), while diffuse lateral FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 24 of 197 cases (12.2%). Focal medial FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 23 of 197 cases (11.6%), while diffuse medial FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 33 of 197 cases (16.8%). No statistically significant pattern of associated BME, FTA, or internal derangements including meniscal and cruciate ligament injury was demonstrated. Conclusion: Articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC are common and were demonstrated in 24% of patients or 30% of cases. Lateral FPFC abnormalities occur 2.5 times more frequently than medial FPFC abnormalities and were more frequently focal compared with medial cohorts. BME is associated in 36.5% of cases

  2. Magnetic resonance imaging of articular cartilage abnormalities of the far posterior femoral condyle of the knee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Incidental articular cartilage lesions of the far posterior femoral condyle (FPFC) are commonly detected. Whether or not these cartilage lesions are symptomatic or clinically significant is unknown. Purpose: To characterize and assess prevalence of articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC and associated bone marrow edema (BME) and/or internal derangements through magnetic resonance (MR) images. Material and Methods: 654 knee MR examinations were reviewed retrospectively. Sagittal fast spin-echo proton density-weighted images with and without fat suppression were acquired with a 1.5T scanner, and were evaluated by two readers by consensus. The following factors were assessed: 1) the prevalence of cartilage abnormalities, 2) laterality, 3) the type of cartilage abnormalities, 4) cartilage abnormality grading, 5) associated BME, 6) complications such as meniscal injury and cruciate ligament injury, and 7) knee alignment (femorotibial angle [FTA]). Results: Articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC were demonstrated in 157 of the 654 patients (24%). Of these, 40 patients demonstrated medial and lateral FPFC cartilage abnormalities and were thus counted as 80 cases. Focal lateral FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 117 of 197 cases (59.4%), while diffuse lateral FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 24 of 197 cases (12.2%). Focal medial FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 23 of 197 cases (11.6%), while diffuse medial FPFC abnormalities were demonstrated in 33 of 197 cases (16.8%). No statistically significant pattern of associated BME, FTA, or internal derangements including meniscal and cruciate ligament injury was demonstrated. Conclusion: Articular cartilage abnormalities of the FPFC are common and were demonstrated in 24% of patients or 30% of cases. Lateral FPFC abnormalities occur 2.5 times more frequently than medial FPFC abnormalities and were more frequently focal compared with medial cohorts. BME is associated in 36.5% of cases

  3. Focal femoral condyle resurfacing.

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    Brennan, S A

    2013-03-01

    Focal femoral inlay resurfacing has been developed for the treatment of full-thickness chondral defects of the knee. This technique involves implanting a defect-sized metallic or ceramic cap that is anchored to the subchondral bone through a screw or pin. The use of these experimental caps has been advocated in middle-aged patients who have failed non-operative methods or biological repair techniques and are deemed unsuitable for conventional arthroplasty because of their age. This paper outlines the implant design, surgical technique and biomechanical principles underlying their use. Outcomes following implantation in both animal and human studies are also reviewed. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:301-4.

  4. Autogenous osteochondral grafts for osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle.

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    Kotani A

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcome following use of osteochondral autografts for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle. METHODS: Clinical, radiographic and arthroscopic findings were evaluated at follow-up. Patients were 14 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 64.9 years (range, 58-74 years. The osteochondral lesion was equivalent to Lotke 1-B in 12 knees, and was equivalent to 1-C in 4 knees. Preoperative femoral tibia angle ranged from 178 degrees to 190 degrees. RESULTS: The follow-up period ranged from 28 months to 111 months (mean, 67 months. Functional scores improved from 60 to 75 preoperatively to 80 to 100 postoperatively, and the grafts were satisfactorily accepted. Patients with a femoral tibia angle of less than 180 degrees in particular were found to respond favourably. CONCLUSION: Transplant surgery using osteochondral autografting appeared effective for the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral condyle.

  5. IN VIVO MOTION OF FEMORAL CONDYLES DURING WEIGHT-BEARING FLEXION AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RUPTURE USING BIPLANE RADIOGRAPHY

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    Kaining Chen

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo three- dimensional tibiofemoral kinematics and femoral condylar motion in knees with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL deficiency during a knee bend activity. Ten patients with unilateral ACL rupture were enrolled. Both the injured and contralateral normal knees were imaged using biplane radiography at extension and at 15°, 30°, 60°, 90°, and 120° of flexion. Bilateral knees were next scanned by computed tomography, from which bilateral three-dimensional knee models were created. The in vivo tibiofemoral motion at each flexion position was reproduced through image registration using the knee models and biplane radiographs. A joint coordinate system containing the geometric center axis of the femur was used to measure the tibiofemoral motion. In ACL deficiency, the lateral femoral condyle was located significantly more posteriorly at extension and at 15° (p < 0.05, whereas the medial condylar position was changed only slightly. This constituted greater posterior translation and external rotation of the femur relative to the tibia at extension and at 15° (p < 0.05. Furthermore, ACL deficiency led to a significantly reduced extent of posterior movement of the lateral condyle during flexion from 15° to 60° (p < 0.05. Coupled with an insignificant change in the motion of the medial condyle, the femur moved less posteriorly with reduced extent of external rotation during flexion from 15° to 60° in ACL deficiency (p < 0.05. The medial- lateral and proximal-distal translations of the medial and lateral condyles and the femoral adduction-abduction rotation were insignificantly changed after ACL deficiency. The results demonstrated that ACL deficiency primarily changed the anterior-posterior motion of the lateral condyle, producing not only posterior subluxation at low flexion positions but also reduced extent of posterior movement during flexion from 15° to 60°

  6. Evaluation of mandibular condyles in children with unilateral posterior crossbite

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    Edson, ILLIPRONTI-FILHO; Solange Mongelli, FANTINI; Israel, CHILVARQUER.

    Full Text Available The relationship of mandibular condyle dimensions and its association with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPXB) has been suggested in the literature. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate mandibular condyles on the left and right sides and between crossed and non-crossed sides in th [...] e sagittal and coronal planes, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Twenty CBCT images of 40 temporo mandibular joints (TMJs) in individuals in mixed dentition phase, which included 9 males (mean 7.9 years) and 11 females (mean 8.2 years), with unilateral posterior crossbite without premature contacts and functional mandibular shifts and with transverse maxillary deficiency. The criteria for sample exclusion included the presence of painful symptoms, facial trauma history, systemic diseases such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, mouth opening limitation (

  7. Mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament with erosion of the lateral femoral condyle

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    Melloni, Pietro [Servei de Diagnostic per Imatge, Unitat de Diagnostic d' Alta Tecnologia (UDIAT), Corporacio Parc Tauli, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Sabadell (Barcelona) (Spain); UDIAT, c/ Parc Tauli, s/n, 08208 Sabadell (Barcelona) (Spain); Valls, Rafael [Servei de Diagnostic per Imatge, Unitat de Diagnostic d' Alta Tecnologia (UDIAT), Corporacio Parc Tauli, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Sabadell (Barcelona) (Spain); Yuguero, Mariano [Servei de Traumatologia i Ortopedia, Corporacio Parc Tauli, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Sabadell (Barcelona) (Spain); Saez, Amparo [Servei de Anatomia Patologica, Corporacio Parc Tauli, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Sabadell (Barcelona) (Spain)

    2004-06-01

    We report a case of a mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) that produced osseous erosion of the medial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle. The MRI findings and differential diagnosis are discussed. (orig.)

  8. Anatomic variability of the vascularized composite osteomyocutaneous flap from the medial femoral condyle: an anatomical study

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    Trung-Hau Le Thua

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The anatomical study and clinical application for the vascularized corticoperiosteal flap from the medial femoral condyle have been performed and described previously. Although prior studies have described the composite osteomyocutaneous flap from the medial femoral condyle, a detailed analysis of the vascularity of this region has not yet been fully evaluated. Methods: This anatomical study described the variability of the arteries from the medial femoral condyle in 40 cadaveric specimens. Results: The descending genicular artery (DGA was found in 33 of 40 cases (82.5%. The? superomedial genicular artery (SGA was present in 10 cases (25%. All 33 cases (100% of the DGA had articular branches to the periosteum of the medial femoral condyle. Muscular branches and saphenous branches of the DGA were present in 25 cases (62.5% and 26 cases (70.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The current study demonstrates that the size and length of the vessels to the medial femoral condyle are sufficient for a vascularized bone flap. A careful preoperative vascular assessment is essential prior to use of the vascularized composite osteomyocutaneous flap from the medial femoral condyle, because of the considerable anatomical variations in different branches of the DGA.

  9. Ossification variants of the femoral condyles are not associated with osteochondritis dissecans

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    Jans, L., E-mail: lennartjans@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Jaremko, J., E-mail: jjaremko@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, University of Alberta Hospital, 8440-112 Street, Edmonton T6G 2B7, Alberta (Canada); Ditchfield, M., E-mail: Michael.ditchfield@southernhealth.org.au [Department of Radiology, Monash University Clayton Campus, Wellington Road, Clayton 3800, VIC (Australia); De Coninck, T., E-mail: Tinekedeconinck@ugent.be [Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Huysse, W., E-mail: Wouter.huysse@ugent.be [Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Moon, A., E-mail: Anna.moon@rch.org.au [Department of Radiology, Royal Children' s Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville 3052, VIC (Australia); Verstraete, K., E-mail: Koenraad.verstraete@ugent.be [Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2012-11-15

    Purpose: To determine if ossification variants of the femoral condyles involving the subchondral bone plate are associated with osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Materials and methods: The prevalence of ossification variants of the unaffected femoral condyle in 116 patients (aged 9-14 years) with unicondylar OCD on MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the knee was compared to a control group of 579 patients (aged 9-14 years) without OCD. The evolution of the ossification variants in both groups was studied by reviewing follow-up MR imaging side by side with the baseline study. Results: The prevalence of ossification variants in the unaffected condyle in patients with OCD (12.9%) and in the control group of patients without OCD (12.6%) was similar (p = 0.88). Evolution of ossification variants to OCD was not seen on follow-up MRI examinations. All variants had decreased in size or were no longer visible. Conclusion: Ossification variants of the femoral condyle that involve the subchondral bone plate are not associated with OCD. Clinical relevance statement: Ossification variants are not associated with OCD, indicating that routine MRI follow-up in affected children is not mandatory.

  10. Kissing contusion between the posterolateral tibial plateau and lateral femoral condyle: associated ligament and meniscal tears

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    Kissing contusion between the posterolateral tibial plateau and lateral femoral condyle is frequently found in association with a tear of the anterior cruciate liagment (ACL). The purpose of this study was to determine which ligamentous and meniscal tears are associated with kissing contusion. We retrospectively reviewed the findings depicted by 323 consecutive MR images of the knee and confirmed at arthroscopy. For the diagnosis of disruption, ligaments, medial menisci (MM) and lateral menisci (LM) were evaluated using accepted criteria. We compared the prevalence and location of meniscal and ligamentous tears between group I (44 knees with kissing contusion) and group II (279 knees without kissing contusion). For statistical analysis the chi-square test was used. ACLs were torn in all 44 knees (100%) with kissing contusion, and 78 (28%) of 279 without kissing contusion. There were ten medial collateral ligament (MCL) tears (23%) in group I, and 17 MCL tears (6%), five lateral collateral ligament (LCL) tears (2%) and ten posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears (4%) in group II. In group I, meniscal tears were found in 22 MM (50%) and in 19 LM (43%), while in group II, they occurred in 128 MM (46%) and 128 LM (46%), In group I, 17 (77%) of 22 MM tears and 13 (68%) of 19 LM tears were located in the posterior horn, while in group II, the corresponding figures were 97/128 (76%) and 60 of 128 (47%). The differing prevalence of ACL and MCL tears between the groups was statistically significant (p0.05). Although kissing contusion was a highly specific sign of ACL tears, its presence was also significant among MCL tears. There was no significant difference in meniscal tears with or without kissing contusion

  11. Kissing contusion between the posterolateral tibial plateau and lateral femoral condyle: associated ligament and meniscal tears

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    Hong, Hyun Pyo; Lee, Jae Gue; Park, Ji Seon; Ryu, Kyung Nam [Kyunghee Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-02-01

    Kissing contusion between the posterolateral tibial plateau and lateral femoral condyle is frequently found in association with a tear of the anterior cruciate liagment (ACL). The purpose of this study was to determine which ligamentous and meniscal tears are associated with kissing contusion. We retrospectively reviewed the findings depicted by 323 consecutive MR images of the knee and confirmed at arthroscopy. For the diagnosis of disruption, ligaments, medial menisci (MM) and lateral menisci (LM) were evaluated using accepted criteria. We compared the prevalence and location of meniscal and ligamentous tears between group I (44 knees with kissing contusion) and group II (279 knees without kissing contusion). For statistical analysis the chi-square test was used. ACLs were torn in all 44 knees (100%) with kissing contusion, and 78 (28%) of 279 without kissing contusion. There were ten medial collateral ligament (MCL) tears (23%) in group I, and 17 MCL tears (6%), five lateral collateral ligament (LCL) tears (2%) and ten posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears (4%) in group II. In group I, meniscal tears were found in 22 MM (50%) and in 19 LM (43%), while in group II, they occurred in 128 MM (46%) and 128 LM (46%), In group I, 17 (77%) of 22 MM tears and 13 (68%) of 19 LM tears were located in the posterior horn, while in group II, the corresponding figures were 97/128 (76%) and 60 of 128 (47%). The differing prevalence of ACL and MCL tears between the groups was statistically significant (p<0.05), but differences in the prevalence and location of meniscal tears were not (p>0.05). Although kissing contusion was a highly specific sign of ACL tears, its presence was also significant among MCL tears. There was no significant difference in meniscal tears with or without kissing contusion.

  12. Osteochondritis dissecans in bilateral lateral femoral condyle in knees / Osteocondrite dissecante em côndilo femural lateral bilateral nos joelhos

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    Ari, Zekcer; Ricardo Soares da, Silva; Renato Akira, Iwashita; Mario, Carneiro Filho.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A osteocondrite dissecante (OCD) é uma patologia de causa desconhecida, que classicamente acomete no joelho a borda lateral do côndilo femural medial. Apresentamos um raro caso de OCD no côndilo femural lateral bilateral. [...] Abstract in english The osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a disease of unknown cause that classically affects the knee lateral border of the medial femoral condyle. We present a rare case of OCD in bilateral lateral femoral condyle. [...

  13. Displaced osteochondral fracture of the lateral femoral condyle associated with an acute anterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture: a corollary of "the lateral femoral notch sign".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Gaurav; Naik, V Anand; Pankaj, Amite

    2012-08-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is usually accompanied by bone contusions resulting from impact of tibia on femur. The injury sometimes becomes manifest as a depression on the lateral femoral condyle giving rise to "lateral femoral notch" sign. The authors describe a rare case of impaction of the tibia and femur resulting in an osteochondral fracture rather than the usual bone contusion, which frequently occurs with ACL rupture. Open reduction and internal fixation of both the ACL avulsion fracture and the osteochondral fracture from the lateral femoral condyle were done, and the patient had a good outcome at 1-year follow-up. Level of evidence V. PMID:22113226

  14. A ganglion of the patellar tendon in patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome.

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    Touraine, Sébastien; Lagadec, Matthieu; Petrover, David; Genah, Idan; Parlier-Cuau, Caroline; Bousson, Valérie; Laredo, Jean-Denis

    2013-09-01

    Intratendinous ganglia are rare. We report the case of a sedentary woman with chronic mechanical anterolateral pain of the knee and an extensive ganglion of the patellar tendon as indicated on magnetic resonance (MR) and ultrasound (US) examinations. There was evidence of a high-riding patella, patellar malalignment and patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome with significantly close contact between the patellar tendon and the lateral facet of the femoral trochlea. The ultrasound-guided aspiration of the ganglion enabled a localized injection of an anti-inflammatory drug (cortivazol) and the cytopathological examination of the fluid, which confirmed the diagnosis. Clinical improvement was maintained with knee rehabilitation and was satisfactory at follow-up after 1 year. To our knowledge, we report the first case of a ganglion of the patellar tendon subsequent to patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome. We found that this case was illustrative of mucoid degeneration in connective tissue due to chronic repetitive microtraumas. Additionally, this case provided the opportunity to discuss the management of this condition in a sedentary individual with a high-riding patella and patellar malalignment. PMID:23657611

  15. Estudo anatômico da inserção femoral do ligamento cruzado posterior Femoral insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament: an anatomical study

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    Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar parâmetros objetivos para guiar a correta localização do LCP no fêmur. MÉTODOS: Os LCP de 20 cadáveres humanos foram ressecados. As seguintes porções foram medidas: da porção mais distal do ligamento, próximo ao teto, até a borda da cartilagem mais anterior (AB; distância da porção mais proximal do ligamento, próximo ao teto, até a cartilagem mais anterior (AC; distância entre as duas porções do ligamento próximo ao teto (BC; distância da borda distal do ligamento na sua porção posterior até a borda articular mais posterior (D-E; distância da borda distal do ligamento na sua porção posterior até o teto intercondilar (DF; e, finalmente, o formato da inserção ligamentar e área de abrangência no côndilo femoral. RESULTADOS: O LCP tem a forma de um quarto de elipse, com área de, em média, 153,5mm². As distâncias médias encontradas foram: AB de 2,1mm; AC de 10,7mm, BC de 8,6mm, D-E de 12.4mm e DF de 16,8mm. CONCLUSÕES: A borda próxima ao teto do feixe anterolateral é mais próxima da cartilagem articular (2,1mm comparada com o feixe posteromedial, que mede 12,4mm a partir de sua borda proximal da cartilagem. Estas referências devem ajudar em um posicionamento melhor e mais acurado dos túneis femorais na reconstrução do LCP.OBJECTIVE: To identify objective parameters to guide correct location of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL in the femur. METHODS: The PCLs of 20 human cadavers were resected. The following portions were measured: distance from the most distal portion of the PCL, close to the roof, to the most anterior edge of the cartilage (AB; distance from the most proximal portion of the PCL, close to the roof, to the most anterior cartilage (AC; distance between the two parts of the ligament close to the roof (BC; distance from the distal edge in its posterior portion, to the more posterior joint edge (DE; distance from the distal edge of the ligament in its posterior portion, to the intercondylar roof (DF; and finally, the format of the ligament insertion and area of coverage on the femoral condyle. RESULTS: The PCL has the shape of a quarter ellipse, with an average area of 153.5mm². The mean distances found were: AB of 2.1mm, AC of 10.7mm, BC of 8.6mm DE of 12.4mm and DF of 16.8mm. CONCLUSIONS: The edge close to the roof of the anterolateral bundle is closer to the joint cartilage (2.1mm than the posteromedial bundle is, which is 12.4mm from the edge proximal to the cartilage. These references should assist in better and more accurate positioning of femoral tunnels in PCL reconstruction.

  16. Estudo anatômico da inserção femoral do ligamento cruzado posterior / Femoral insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament: an anatomical study

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    Ricardo de Paula Leite, Cury; Nilson Roberto, Severino; Osmar Pedro Arbix, Camargo; Tatsuo, Aihara; Leopoldo Viana, Batista Neto; Dedley Nelson, Goarayeb.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar parâmetros objetivos para guiar a correta localização do LCP no fêmur. MÉTODOS: Os LCP de 20 cadáveres humanos foram ressecados. As seguintes porções foram medidas: da porção mais distal do ligamento, próximo ao teto, até a borda da cartilagem mais anterior (AB); distância da p [...] orção mais proximal do ligamento, próximo ao teto, até a cartilagem mais anterior (AC); distância entre as duas porções do ligamento próximo ao teto (BC); distância da borda distal do ligamento na sua porção posterior até a borda articular mais posterior (D-E); distância da borda distal do ligamento na sua porção posterior até o teto intercondilar (DF); e, finalmente, o formato da inserção ligamentar e área de abrangência no côndilo femoral. RESULTADOS: O LCP tem a forma de um quarto de elipse, com área de, em média, 153,5mm². As distâncias médias encontradas foram: AB de 2,1mm; AC de 10,7mm, BC de 8,6mm, D-E de 12.4mm e DF de 16,8mm. CONCLUSÕES: A borda próxima ao teto do feixe anterolateral é mais próxima da cartilagem articular (2,1mm) comparada com o feixe posteromedial, que mede 12,4mm a partir de sua borda proximal da cartilagem. Estas referências devem ajudar em um posicionamento melhor e mais acurado dos túneis femorais na reconstrução do LCP. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify objective parameters to guide correct location of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in the femur. METHODS: The PCLs of 20 human cadavers were resected. The following portions were measured: distance from the most distal portion of the PCL, close to the roof, to the most an [...] terior edge of the cartilage (AB); distance from the most proximal portion of the PCL, close to the roof, to the most anterior cartilage (AC); distance between the two parts of the ligament close to the roof (BC); distance from the distal edge in its posterior portion, to the more posterior joint edge (DE); distance from the distal edge of the ligament in its posterior portion, to the intercondylar roof (DF); and finally, the format of the ligament insertion and area of coverage on the femoral condyle. RESULTS: The PCL has the shape of a quarter ellipse, with an average area of 153.5mm². The mean distances found were: AB of 2.1mm, AC of 10.7mm, BC of 8.6mm DE of 12.4mm and DF of 16.8mm. CONCLUSIONS: The edge close to the roof of the anterolateral bundle is closer to the joint cartilage (2.1mm) than the posteromedial bundle is, which is 12.4mm from the edge proximal to the cartilage. These references should assist in better and more accurate positioning of femoral tunnels in PCL reconstruction.

  17. Chondral fracture of the lateral femoral condyle in children with different treatment methods.

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    Song, Kwang Soon; Min, Byung Woo; Bae, Ki Cheor; Cho, Chul Hyun; Lee, Si Wook

    2016-01-01

    Adolescents are predisposed to chondral injuries of the knee; however, the incidence of traumatic chondral and osteochondral fractures and their role in the development of joint degeneration are not fully elucidated. Several methods are described for the treatment of chondral or osteochondral fractures of the knee. In our literature review, we could not find any report on the management of chondral fractures with autologous bone pegs or headless screws. We report three cases of traumatic cartilage fractures of the lateral femoral condyle in adolescents who were treated with three different methods. We also present their follow-up outcomes. PMID:26439672

  18. Posterior cruciate ligament mediated avulsion fracture of the lateral tibial condyle: a case report

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    Ogawa Hiroyasu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Avulsion fractures of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL are uncommon. On the basis of the site of damage of the PCL, hyperflexion, pretibial trauma, and hyperextension are proposed as mechanisms of PCL injuries. On the other hand, avulsion fractures of the tibial condyle are also rare. We report a PCL-mediated avulsion fracture of the lateral tibial condyle along with the tibial insertion of the PCL by extension-distraction force on the knee that has not been previously described in any study. This rare case may imply that application of an extension-distraction force to the PCL cause the avulsion fracture.

  19. Anatomical study of the radius and center of curvature of the distal femoral condyle

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    Kosel, Jurgen

    2010-01-01

    In this anatomical study, the anteroposterior curvature of the surface of 16 cadaveric distal femurs was examined in terms of radii and center point. Those two parameters attract high interest due to their significance for total knee arthroplasty. Basically, two different conclusions have been drawn in foregoing studies: (1) The curvature shows a constant radius and (2) the curvature shows a variable radius. The investigations were based on a new method combining three-dimensional laser-scanning and planar geometrical analyses. This method is aimed at providing high accuracy and high local resolution. The high-precision laser scanning enables the exact reproduction of the distal femurs - including their cartilage tissue - as a three-dimensional computer model. The surface curvature was investigated on intersection planes that were oriented perpendicularly to the surgical epicondylar line. Three planes were placed at the central part of each condyle. The intersection of either plane with the femur model was approximated with the help of a b-spline, yielding three b-splines on each condyle. The radii and center points of the circles, approximating the local curvature of the b-splines, were then evaluated. The results from all three b-splines were averaged in order to increase the reliability of the method. The results show the variation in the surface curvatures of the investigated samples of condyles. These variations are expressed in the pattern of the center points and the radii of the curvatures. The standard deviations of the radii for a 90 deg arc on the posterior condyle range from 0.6 mm up to 5.1 mm, with an average of 2.4 mm laterally and 2.2 mm medially. No correlation was found between the curvature of the lateral and medial condyles. Within the range of the investigated 16 samples, the conclusion can be drawn that the condyle surface curvature is not constant and different for all specimens when viewed along the surgical epicondylar axis. For the portion of the condylar surface that articulates with the tibia during knee flexion-extension, the determined center points approximate the location of the centers of rotation. The results suggest that the concept of a fixed flexion-extension axis is not applicable for every specimen. Copyright © 2010 by ASME.

  20. Brodie's abscess of medial distal femoral condyle after a thorn prick: rare clinical presentation

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    Hira L Nag

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ?Abstract?Thorn prick injuries are generally con-ceded frivolous and rarely demand medical attention. How-beit deep seated injuries are well described in the literature. We presented a case of thorn prick injury to the knee that manifested as Brodie's abscess of the medial distal femoral condyle and synovitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and ultrasonography could only construe the affliction but not spot the thorn. Arthrotomy was undertaken for explora-tion and debridement. Empirical therapy with initial systemic Cefotaxime and subsequent Ofloxacin worked well after the surgery. Deep seated injuries by a thorn prick may take a protracted and torpid course. Thorough curettage of the bony lesion and debridement are vital for proper manage-ment. Key words: Thorn; Wounds and injuries; Knee; Osteomyelitis; Synovitis

  1. Prevalence and clinical significance of chondromalacia isolated to the anterior margin of the lateral femoral condyle as a component of patellofemoral disease: observations at MR imaging.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Chan, V O

    2013-08-01

    To determine the prevalence of chondromalacia isolated to the anterior margin of the lateral femoral condyle as a component of patellofemoral disease in patients with anterior knee pain and to correlate it with patient demographics, patellar shape, and patellofemoral alignment.

  2. Avaliação radiográfica da inserção femoral do ligamento cruzado posterior / Radiographic assessment of the femoral insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julio Cesar, Gali; André Schmidt, Soares; Bruno Spagnuolo de, Lima; Filippo Santos Zozoloto, Vianna; Phelipe Augusto Cintra da, Silva; Edie Benedito, Caetano.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar as imagens radiográficas da inserção femoral do ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP) para auxiliar na criação de túneis femorais anatômicos nas cirurgias e para a avaliação pós-operatória da localização destes túneis. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 30 joelhos de cadáveres adultos. Demar [...] camos os centros das bandas anterolateral (AL) e posteromedial (PM) do LCP com marcadores metálicos. Realizamos radiografias e estabelecemos um sistema de grades para localização da origem das bandas. Também determinamos o percentil da projeção do centro de cada banda em relação à linha de Blumensaat. RESULTADOS: Na incidência anteroposterior os centros das bandas AL e PM estiveram, em média, localizados nos percentis 42,48% e 38,14% da linha de Blumensaat, respectivamente. Nas radiografias em perfil os centros das bandas AL e PM estiveram, respectivamente, nos percentis 72,86% e 55,46% dessa linha. Em 73,33% dos joelhos o centro da banda AL esteve no quadrante 3D e, em 70% das amostras, a banda PM esteve no quadrante 2D. CONCLUSÃO: Estabelecemos um padrão radiográfico da inserção femoral do LCP que pode ser útil para o controle intraoperatório, antes da perfuração dos túneis, e para a avaliação pós-operatória da localização dos mesmos. Estudo Laboratorial Controlado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To establish the radiographic images of the femoral insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), in order to assist the creation of anatomical femoral tunnels during surgeries, and to be used as parameters in postoperative evaluation of the location of these tunnels. METHODS: Thirt [...] y adult cadaver knees were used. The PCL anterolateral (AL) and posteromedial (PM) bundles' centers were marked with a metallic marker. Radiographs were taken and a grid system was established to locate the position of bundles insertion. The percentile in which the projection of each bundle's center was in relation to the Blumensaat line was also determined. RESULTS: In the anteroposterior view, AL and PM bundles' centers were on average, on the 42.5% and 38.18% percentiles of Blumensaat's line, respectively. In lateral views, the AL and PM bundles' centers corresponded to the 72.94% and 55.56% percentiles of the line, respectively. In 73.33% of the knees the AL bundle center was on the 3D quadrant and in 70% of samples the PM bundle center was in quadrant 2D. CONCLUSIONS: We established an x-ray pattern of femoral insertion of PCL that may be of interest for intraoperative control, before tunnel drilling, and also for post-operative evaluation of tunnel location. Controlled Laboratory Study.

  3. Posteromedial knee friction syndrome: an entity with medial knee pain and edema between the femoral condyle, sartorius and gracilis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To describe MRI features of an entity consisting of medial knee pain and edema between the posteromedial femoral condyle (PMFC), sartorius and/or gracilis tendons and determine whether reduced tendon-bone distances may account for these findings. We retrospectively identified MRI cases of edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis tendons (25 subjects, 26 knees). Two musculoskeletal radiologists independently graded edema and measured the sartorius- and gracilis-PMFC distances and knee flexion angle. Age- and gender-matched subjects with normal knee MRIs (27 subjects, 27 knees) served as controls for measurements. Statistical analyses compared abnormal to control subjects. Sartorius-PMFC and gracilis-PMFC spaces were narrower in abnormal compared to control subjects (1.6 ± 1.0 vs. 2.1 ± 1.2 mm, P = 0.04; 2.3 ± 2.0 vs. 4.6 ± 3.0 mm, P = 0.002, respectively). The knee flexion angle was similar between groups (P > 0.05). In subjects with clinical information, medial knee pain was the main complaint in 58 % (15/26) of abnormal subjects, with 42 % (11/26) having clinical suspicion of medial meniscal tear. Edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis was mild in 54 % (14/26), moderate in 35 % (9/26) and severe in 12 % (3/26), and it was most frequent deep to both the sartorius and gracilis (50 %, 13/26). Edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis tendons identified on knee MRI may be associated with medial knee pain and may represent a friction syndrome. (orig.)

  4. Pullulan/dextran/nHA macroporous composite beads for bone repair in a femoral condyle defect in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlaubitz, Silke; Derkaoui, Sidi Mohammed; Marosa, Lydia; Miraux, Sylvain; Renard, Martine; Catros, Sylvain; Le Visage, Catherine; Letourneur, Didier; Amédée, Joëlle; Fricain, Jean-Christophe

    2014-01-01

    The repair of bone defects is of particular interest for orthopedic, oral, maxillofacial, and dental surgery. Bone loss requiring reconstruction is conventionally addressed through bone grafting. Depending on the size and the location of the defect, this method has limits and risks. Biomaterials can offer an alternative and have features supporting bone repair. Here, we propose to evaluate the cellular penetration and bone formation of new macroporous beads based on pullulan/dextran that has been supplemented with nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite in a rat model. Cross-linked beads of 300-500 µm diameters were used in a lateral femoral condyle defect and analyzed by magnetic resonance imaging, micro-computed tomography, and histology in comparison to the empty defects 15, 30, and 70 days after implantation. Inflammation was absent for both conditions. For empty defects, cellularisation and mineralization started from the periphery of the defect. For the defects containing beads, cellular structures filling out the spaces between the scaffolds with increasing interconnectivity and trabecular-like organization were observed over time. The analysis of calcified sections showed increased mineralization over time for both conditions, but was more pronounced for the samples containing beads. Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content were both significantly higher at day 70 for the beads in comparison to empty defects as well as compared with earlier time points. Analysis of newly formed tissue around the beads showed an increase of osteoid tissue, measured as percentage of the defect surface. This study suggests that the use of beads for the repair of small size defects in bone may be expanded on to meet the clinical need for a ready-to-use fill-up material that can favor bone formation and mineralization, as well as promote vessel ingrowth into the defect site. PMID:25330002

  5. Posteromedial knee friction syndrome: an entity with medial knee pain and edema between the femoral condyle, sartorius and gracilis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simeone, F.J.; Huang, Ambrose J.; Chang, Connie Y.; Smith, Maximilian; Bredella, Miriam A.; Torriani, Martin [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Gill, Thomas J. [Boston Sports Medicine and Research Institute, Boston, MA (United States)

    2014-12-20

    To describe MRI features of an entity consisting of medial knee pain and edema between the posteromedial femoral condyle (PMFC), sartorius and/or gracilis tendons and determine whether reduced tendon-bone distances may account for these findings. We retrospectively identified MRI cases of edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis tendons (25 subjects, 26 knees). Two musculoskeletal radiologists independently graded edema and measured the sartorius- and gracilis-PMFC distances and knee flexion angle. Age- and gender-matched subjects with normal knee MRIs (27 subjects, 27 knees) served as controls for measurements. Statistical analyses compared abnormal to control subjects. Sartorius-PMFC and gracilis-PMFC spaces were narrower in abnormal compared to control subjects (1.6 ± 1.0 vs. 2.1 ± 1.2 mm, P = 0.04; 2.3 ± 2.0 vs. 4.6 ± 3.0 mm, P = 0.002, respectively). The knee flexion angle was similar between groups (P > 0.05). In subjects with clinical information, medial knee pain was the main complaint in 58 % (15/26) of abnormal subjects, with 42 % (11/26) having clinical suspicion of medial meniscal tear. Edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis was mild in 54 % (14/26), moderate in 35 % (9/26) and severe in 12 % (3/26), and it was most frequent deep to both the sartorius and gracilis (50 %, 13/26). Edema between the PMFC, sartorius and/or gracilis tendons identified on knee MRI may be associated with medial knee pain and may represent a friction syndrome. (orig.)

  6. Femoral neck narrowing following hip resurfacing using posterior and Ganz approaches at two years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deans, Victoria M; Ho, Ki Wai K; Prakash, Udai; Parsons, Nick; Griffin, Damian R; Foguet, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    We report a retrospective review of femoral head/neck ratios on post-operative and two year follow-up radiographs following hip resurfacing arthroplasty. The patients were in two matched groups, having had surgery through a posterior approach or via a Ganz trochanteric flip. There was no significant difference in femoral neck narrowing at follow up between the two surgical approaches. However, we found significant narrowing of the femoral neck in both groups by the time of the two year follow-up radiograph. PMID:21948029

  7. Riscos e consequências do uso da técnica transportal na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior: relação entre o túnel femoral, a artéria genicular lateral superior e o epicôndilo lateral do côndilo femoral Risks and consequences of using the transportal technique in reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament: relationships between the femoral tunnel, lateral superior genicular artery and lateral epicondyle of the femoral condyle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Costa Astur

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Definir zona de segurança para evitar possíveis complicações vasculares e ligamentares durante a reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior. MÉTODOS: Reconstrução artroscópica com uso de técnica transportal e transtibial em joelhos de cadáver foi realizada seguida de dissecção e mensuração da distância entre o túnel femoral e a inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral e o túnel femoral e a artéria genicular lateral superior. RESULTADOS: A mensuração das distâncias analisadas mostra uma aproximação maior do principal ramo da artéria genicular lateral superior e da inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral com o túnel femoral, realizado com a técnica transportal. CONCLUSÃO: Percebemos que o uso da técnica transportal para reconstrução artroscópica do LCA apresenta maior probabilidade de lesão da artéria genicular lateral e da inserção do ligamento colateral lateral, favorecendo complicações pós-cirúrgicas como instabilidade do joelho, osteonecrose do côndilo femoral lateral e ligamentização do enxerto.OBJECTIVE: Define a security zone to avoid possibles vascular and ligamentar complications during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Arthroscopic reconstruction using the transtibial and transportal technique in cadaver knees was performed followed by dissection and measurement of the distance between the femoral tunnel and the proximal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament and the femoral tunnel and the lateral superior genicular artery. RESULTS: The measure of the analysed distances show us an aproximation between the major branch of the lateral superior genicular artery and the femoral insertion of the colateral lateral ligament and the femoral tunnel during the transportal technique. CONCLUSION: We realize that the use of technical ship it to arthroscopic ACL reconstruction has a higher probability of injury to the lateral geniculate artery and insertion of the lateral collateral ligament, promoting post-surgical complications such as instability of the knee, osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle and ligamentização graft.

  8. Riscos e consequências do uso da técnica transportal na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior: relação entre o túnel femoral, a artéria genicular lateral superior e o epicôndilo lateral do côndilo femoral / Risks and consequences of using the transportal technique in reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament: relationships between the femoral tunnel, lateral superior genicular artery and lateral epicondyle of the femoral condyle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Diego Costa, Astur; Vinicius, Aleluia; Ciro Veronese, Santos; Gustavo Gonçalves, Arliani; Ricardo, Badra; Saulo Gomes, Oliveira; Camila Cohen, Kaleka; Moisés, Cohen.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Definir zona de segurança para evitar possíveis complicações vasculares e ligamentares durante a reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior. MÉTODOS: Reconstrução artroscópica com uso de técnica transportal e transtibial em joelhos de cadáver foi realizada seguida de dissecção e mensuração [...] da distância entre o túnel femoral e a inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral e o túnel femoral e a artéria genicular lateral superior. RESULTADOS: A mensuração das distâncias analisadas mostra uma aproximação maior do principal ramo da artéria genicular lateral superior e da inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral com o túnel femoral, realizado com a técnica transportal. CONCLUSÃO: Percebemos que o uso da técnica transportal para reconstrução artroscópica do LCA apresenta maior probabilidade de lesão da artéria genicular lateral e da inserção do ligamento colateral lateral, favorecendo complicações pós-cirúrgicas como instabilidade do joelho, osteonecrose do côndilo femoral lateral e ligamentização do enxerto. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Define a security zone to avoid possibles vascular and ligamentar complications during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Arthroscopic reconstruction using the transtibial and transportal technique in cadaver knees was performed followed by dissection and measurement of t [...] he distance between the femoral tunnel and the proximal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament and the femoral tunnel and the lateral superior genicular artery. RESULTS: The measure of the analysed distances show us an aproximation between the major branch of the lateral superior genicular artery and the femoral insertion of the colateral lateral ligament and the femoral tunnel during the transportal technique. CONCLUSION: We realize that the use of technical ship it to arthroscopic ACL reconstruction has a higher probability of injury to the lateral geniculate artery and insertion of the lateral collateral ligament, promoting post-surgical complications such as instability of the knee, osteonecrosis of the femoral condyle and ligamentização graft.

  9. Bilateral posterior hip dislocations with femoral head fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meislin, R J; Zuckerman, J D

    1989-01-01

    An unusual case of bilateral posterior fracture-dislocation of the hip (Pipkin Type IV) occurred in a 63-year-old man with Paget's disease of the pelvis. Other injuries included a displaced humeral shaft fracture and patellar ligament disruption. Bilateral cemented total hip arthroplasty was performed to avoid the need for prolonged immobilization. Postoperative low-dose irradiation was used because of the risk of heterotopic ossification. PMID:2600708

  10. Comparative study of the areas of osteochondral defects produced in the femoral condyles of rabbits treated with gel of sugarcane biopolymer Estudo comparativo das áreas de defeitos osteocondrais produzidas nos côndilos femorais de coelhos tratados com gel de biopolímero de cana

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Cezar Vidal Carneiro de Albuquerque; José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar; Saulo Monteiro dos Santos; Nicodemus Pontes Filho; Roberto José Vieira de Mello; Mariana Lúcia Correia Ramos Costa; Clarissa Miranda Carneiro de Albuquerque; Tarciana Mendonça de S. Almeida; Alessandro Henrique da Silva Santos; Joacil Carlos da Silva

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: To measure the healed areas of osteochondral defects produced in femoral condyles of rabbits filled with biopolymer sugar cane gel and to compare these with those of the control group at 90, 120 and 180 days. METHODS: A study was made of 16 New Zealand rabbits, 6 and 7 months old, weighing between 2 and 2.5 kg. Defects of 3.2 x 4 mm were made, with trephine, in the femoral condyles of the right and left knees. As to the study group defects of the medial and lateral condyles of the ri...

  11. Contribuição ao estudo anatômico do retalho vascularizado corticoperiosteal do côndilo medial do fêmur Contribution to the anatomical study of the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rômulo Guimarães Andrade

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar o estudo anatômico, em cadáveres, do retalho corticoperiosteal do côndilo femoral medial baseado na artéria genicular medial, avaliando a dificuldade de dissecção e padrões topográficos. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 15 membros de oito cadáveres, com idade variando de 19 a 74 anos. Dispostos em posição supina, foi realizada incisão longitudinal na face medial do terço distal da coxa, exposição dos vasos geniculares descendentes entre os músculos vasto medial e sartório. Foram analisados a distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e a interlinha medial do joelho, o diâmetro do vaso, o comprimento do pedículo, a presença do ramo fasciocutâneo e sua localização. RESULTADOS: A distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e a interlinha medial do joelho variou de 11,2cm a 14,5cm, com média de 12,63cm. O diâmetro médio da artéria foi de 2,5mm (de 2,25mm a 2,75mm. A distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e o ramo fasciocutâneo variou entre 1,0 e 1,5cm. O comprimento médio do pedículo vascular, foi de 7,01cm, variando de 5,6 a 8,6cm. CONCLUSÃO: O retalho corticoperiosteal do côndilo femoral medial do joelho é de fácil dissecção, possui pedículo vascular constante, com comprimento médio de 7,0cm e diâmetro de 2,5mm, o que possibilita sua indicação em transplantes microcirúrgicos.OBJECTIVE: to perform the anatomical study, in cadavers, of the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle, based on the medial genicular artery, evaluating challenges in dissection and the topographic patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: fifteen limbs from eight cadavers were studied, ages ranging from 19 to 74 years old. They were placed at supine position, and a longitudinal incision on the medial face of the lower part of the thigh was performed, exposing medial vastus and sartorius muscles, with descendent genicular vessels being also exposed. The distance between the descendent genicular artery and the medial articular line of the knee, the diameter of the vessel, the length of the pedicle, and the presence of the fasciocutaneous branch and its location were analyzed. RESULTS: the distance between the origin of the descendent genicular artery and the medial articular line of the knee ranged from 11.2cm to 14.5cm, with an average of 12.63cm. The mean artery diameter was 2.5mm (from 2.25mm to 2.75mm. The distance between the descendent genicular artery and the fasciocutaneous branch ranged from 1.0 to 1.5cm. The mean length of the vascular pedicle was 7.01cm, ranging from 5.6cm to 8.6cm. CONCLUSION: the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle of the knee is easy to dissect, presents a constant vascular pedicle, with average length of 7.0cm and diameter of 2.5mm, enabling it to be indicated for microsurgical transplants.

  12. Contribuição ao estudo anatômico do retalho vascularizado corticoperiosteal do côndilo medial do fêmur / Contribution to the anatomical study of the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rômulo Guimarães, Andrade; Henrique Gubert, Bufáiçal; Leandro Alves de, Oliveira; Fabiano Inácio de, Souza; Mário Yoshihide, Kuwae; João Alírio Teixeira da, Silva Júnior.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar o estudo anatômico, em cadáveres, do retalho corticoperiosteal do côndilo femoral medial baseado na artéria genicular medial, avaliando a dificuldade de dissecção e padrões topográficos. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 15 membros de oito cadáveres, com idade variando de 19 a 74 anos. Dis [...] postos em posição supina, foi realizada incisão longitudinal na face medial do terço distal da coxa, exposição dos vasos geniculares descendentes entre os músculos vasto medial e sartório. Foram analisados a distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e a interlinha medial do joelho, o diâmetro do vaso, o comprimento do pedículo, a presença do ramo fasciocutâneo e sua localização. RESULTADOS: A distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e a interlinha medial do joelho variou de 11,2cm a 14,5cm, com média de 12,63cm. O diâmetro médio da artéria foi de 2,5mm (de 2,25mm a 2,75mm). A distância entre a origem da artéria genicular descendente e o ramo fasciocutâneo variou entre 1,0 e 1,5cm. O comprimento médio do pedículo vascular, foi de 7,01cm, variando de 5,6 a 8,6cm. CONCLUSÃO: O retalho corticoperiosteal do côndilo femoral medial do joelho é de fácil dissecção, possui pedículo vascular constante, com comprimento médio de 7,0cm e diâmetro de 2,5mm, o que possibilita sua indicação em transplantes microcirúrgicos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to perform the anatomical study, in cadavers, of the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle, based on the medial genicular artery, evaluating challenges in dissection and the topographic patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: fifteen limbs from eight cadavers were studied, ages ra [...] nging from 19 to 74 years old. They were placed at supine position, and a longitudinal incision on the medial face of the lower part of the thigh was performed, exposing medial vastus and sartorius muscles, with descendent genicular vessels being also exposed. The distance between the descendent genicular artery and the medial articular line of the knee, the diameter of the vessel, the length of the pedicle, and the presence of the fasciocutaneous branch and its location were analyzed. RESULTS: the distance between the origin of the descendent genicular artery and the medial articular line of the knee ranged from 11.2cm to 14.5cm, with an average of 12.63cm. The mean artery diameter was 2.5mm (from 2.25mm to 2.75mm). The distance between the descendent genicular artery and the fasciocutaneous branch ranged from 1.0 to 1.5cm. The mean length of the vascular pedicle was 7.01cm, ranging from 5.6cm to 8.6cm. CONCLUSION: the corticoperiosteal flap of the medial femoral condyle of the knee is easy to dissect, presents a constant vascular pedicle, with average length of 7.0cm and diameter of 2.5mm, enabling it to be indicated for microsurgical transplants.

  13. Estudio Biométrico de la Arterias Femoral, Poplítea y Tibial Posterior en Relación a los Implantes de Stents / Biometric Study of the Femoral, Popliteal and Posterior Tibial Arteries in Relation to the Stents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Moreira da, Costa Filho, E; Avelino, dos Santos, T. F; Avelino, dos Santos, F. T; Honorato, Pereira, V; Brandão, Pitta, G. B; M, del Sol; E, Olave; C. F, Sousa-Rodrigues.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los aneurismas de la arteria poplítea son los más frecuentes entre los aneurismas periféricos, pudiendo ser tratados con stents a través de cirugía endovascular. Sin embargo, tales stents poseen el mismo diámetro en la parte proximal y distal, no siendo compatible con la anatomía vascular de ese seg [...] mento. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la diferencia entre el diámetro del tercio distal de la arteria femoral y el diámetro de la arteria tibial posterior, además de obtener el diámetro de otras arterias del miembro inferior. Se utilizaron 28 cadáveres formolizados de individuos adultos, de ambos sexos, los que fueron disecados en la región correspondiente. Los diámetros registrados fueron los siguientes: en el tercio distal de la arteria femoral (inicio de la arteria poplítea), parte final de la arteria poplítea antes de su bifurcación en arterias tibial anterior y posterior, arterias tibial anterior y posterior (tronco tibiofibular). En el sexo masculino, desde el tercio distal de la arteria femoral hasta la arteria tibial posterior hubo una reducción del diámetro de 27,92% (p Abstract in english The popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common among peripheral aneurysms and can be treated with stents through endovascular surgery. However, these stents have the same diameter at the proximal and distal part , not being compatible with the vascular anatomy of that segment. The aim of this st [...] udy was determine the difference between the diameter of the distal third of the femoral artery and the diameter of the posterior tibial artery, and to obtain the diameter of others arteries of the lower limb. We study 28 formalized cadavers of adult individuals of both sexes, which were dissected in the corresponding region. The following arterial diameters were recorded: the distal third of the femoral artery, distal part of the popliteal artery, anterior tibial artery and posterior tibial artery. In males from the distal third of the femoral artery to the posterior tibial artery there was a narrowing of 27.92% (p

  14. Evaluation and comparison of cartilage repair tissue of the patella and medial femoral condyle by using morphological MRI and biochemical zonal T2 mapping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Welsch, Goetz H. [Medical University of Vienna, MR Center - High field MR, Department of Radiology, Vienna (Austria); University of Erlangen, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Erlangen (Germany); Mamisch, Tallal C. [University of Berne, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Berne (Switzerland); Quirbach, Sebastian; Trattnig, Siegfried [Medical University of Vienna, MR Center - High field MR, Department of Radiology, Vienna (Austria); Zak, Lukas; Marlovits, Stefan [Medical University of Vienna, Center of Joints and Cartilage, Department of Trauma Surgery, Vienna (Austria)

    2009-05-15

    The objective of this study was to use advanced MR techniques to evaluate and compare cartilage repair tissue after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) in the patella and medial femoral condyle (MFC). Thirty-four patients treated with MACT underwent 3-T MRI of the knee. Patients were treated on either patella (n = 17) or MFC (n = 17) cartilage and were matched by age and postoperative interval. For morphological evaluation, the MR observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score was used, with a 3D-True-FISP sequence. For biochemical assessment, T2 mapping was prepared by using a multiecho spin-echo approach with particular attention to the cartilage zonal structure. Statistical evaluation was done by analyses of variance. The MOCART score showed no significant differences between the patella and MFC (p {>=} 0.05). With regard to biochemical T2 relaxation, higher T2 values were found throughout the MFC (p < 0.05). The zonal increase in T2 values from deep to superficial was significant for control cartilage (p < 0.001) and cartilage repair tissue (p < 0.05), with an earlier onset in the repair tissue of the patella. The assessment of cartilage repair tissue of the patella and MFC afforded comparable morphological results, whereas biochemical T2 values showed differences, possibly due to dissimilar biomechanical loading conditions. (orig.)

  15. Evaluation and comparison of cartilage repair tissue of the patella and medial femoral condyle by using morphological MRI and biochemical zonal T2 mapping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to use advanced MR techniques to evaluate and compare cartilage repair tissue after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) in the patella and medial femoral condyle (MFC). Thirty-four patients treated with MACT underwent 3-T MRI of the knee. Patients were treated on either patella (n = 17) or MFC (n = 17) cartilage and were matched by age and postoperative interval. For morphological evaluation, the MR observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score was used, with a 3D-True-FISP sequence. For biochemical assessment, T2 mapping was prepared by using a multiecho spin-echo approach with particular attention to the cartilage zonal structure. Statistical evaluation was done by analyses of variance. The MOCART score showed no significant differences between the patella and MFC (p ? 0.05). With regard to biochemical T2 relaxation, higher T2 values were found throughout the MFC (p < 0.05). The zonal increase in T2 values from deep to superficial was significant for control cartilage (p < 0.001) and cartilage repair tissue (p < 0.05), with an earlier onset in the repair tissue of the patella. The assessment of cartilage repair tissue of the patella and MFC afforded comparable morphological results, whereas biochemical T2 values showed differences, possibly due to dissimilar biomechanical loading conditions. (orig.)

  16. Value of magnetic resonance imaging in the mid-term follow-up of osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle and talus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Definition of the prognostic value of clinical and morphological findings in the mid-term follow-up of OCD of the femoral condyle and talus. Demonstration of the consolidation of OCD on MRI depending on different therapies. Materials and Methods: 76 patients were examined before and at an average of 30 months after conservative or surgical therapy using T1 and T2 weighted SE and 3D-FISP sequences and contrast enhanced studies. Six clinical (age, gender, site, duration and severity of symptoms, therapy) and six morphological (size, signal intensity, fragmentation, contrast enhancement, condition of cartilage, staging) data were registered on first MRI and correlated with the degree of consolidation of OCD (partial and complete remission, no change and progression) on control MRI. Results: Patients under 17 years showed partial or complete remissions in 73%, those of 17 years or older in 33%. Conservatively treated patients had a higher remission rate (54%) than those treated with different surgical techniques (drilling 50%, refixation 43%, abrasio 38%). Small OCDs had a higher remission rate than large lesions (63% vs. 33%). OCDs covered with intact cartilage healed better than lesions with chondral defects (61% vs. 26%). Contrast enhancing fragments had a better prognosis than non-enhancing lesions (100% vs. 40%). Conclusions: Prognosis of OCD can be better estimated when size of OCD, condition of cartilage and enhancement of contrast agent is graduated with MRI and patient age is registered. The consequences for therapy planning are great. (orig.)

  17. Femoral Condyle Fracture during Revision of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Case Report and a Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sohrab Keyhani

    2015-04-01

    Not inserting multiple guide pins, keeping a safe distance from the posterior cortex and giving more attention during graft tensioning, especially in revision surgeries, are all small points that can reduce the risk of fracture during the revision of ACL reconstruction

  18. Posterior Wall Capture and Femoral Artery Stenosis Following Use of StarClose Closing Device: Diagnosis and Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stefanczyk, Ludomir [Medical University of Lodz, First Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Elgalal, Marcin T., E-mail: telgalal@yahoo.co.uk [Medical University of Lodz, Second Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Szubert, Wojciech; Grzelak, Piotr [Medical University of Lodz, First Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Szopinski, Piotr [Institute of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Vascular Surgery (Poland); Majos, Agata [Medical University of Lodz, Second Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland)

    2013-10-15

    A case of femoral artery obstruction following application of a StarClose type arterial puncture closing device (APCD) is presented. Ultrasonographic and angiographic imaging of this complication was obtained. The posterior wall of the vessel was accidentally caught in the anchoring element of the nitinol clip. This complication was successfully resolved by endovascular treatment and the implantation of a stent.

  19. Posterior Wall Capture and Femoral Artery Stenosis Following Use of StarClose Closing Device: Diagnosis and Therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of femoral artery obstruction following application of a StarClose type arterial puncture closing device (APCD) is presented. Ultrasonographic and angiographic imaging of this complication was obtained. The posterior wall of the vessel was accidentally caught in the anchoring element of the nitinol clip. This complication was successfully resolved by endovascular treatment and the implantation of a stent

  20. Comparative study of the areas of osteochondral defects produced in the femoral condyles of rabbits treated with gel of sugarcane biopolymer / Estudo comparativo das áreas de defeitos osteocondrais produzidas nos côndilos femorais de coelhos tratados com gel de biopolímero de cana

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo Cezar Vidal Carneiro de, Albuquerque; José Lamartine de Andrade, Aguiar; Saulo Monteiro dos, Santos; Nicodemus, Pontes Filho; Roberto José Vieira de, Mello; Mariana Lúcia Correia Ramos, Costa; Clarissa Miranda Carneiro de, Albuquerque; Tarciana Mendonça de S., Almeida; Alessandro Henrique da Silva, Santos; Joacil Carlos da, Silva.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Mensurar as áreas cicatrizadas dos defeitos osteocondrais produzidos em côndilos femorais de coelhos preenchidos com gel de biopolímero da cana-de-açúcar e comparar com o grupo controle nos períodos de 90, 120 e 180 dias. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados, 16 coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia com seis [...] a sete meses de idade, entre 2,0 e 2,5 kg de peso. Foram feitos, com trefina, defeitos de 3,2 x 4 mm nos côndilos femorais dos joelhos direito e esquerdo. Como grupo de estudo foram utilizados os defeitos dos côndilos medial e lateral dos joelhos direito que foram preenchidos com gel de biopolímero da cana-de-açucar. Como grupo controle foram utilizados os defeitos dos côndilos medial e lateral dos joelhos esquerdos que foram deixados abertos para cicatrização natural. Os defeitos foram analisados nos períodos de 90, 120 e 180 dias após a cirurgia. Após a eutanásia, os joelhos foram retirados e fixados em solução de Bouin para posterior documentação fotográfica com maquina digital Nikon Coopix® 5400. As áreas cicatrizadas foram mensuradas nos grupos estudo e controle, através das imagens obtidas com o programa Image-J®. A análise estatística foi feita aplicando-se o teste não paramétrico Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças significantes entre as médias das áreas cicatrizadas nos grupos estudo e controle nos períodos de 90, 120 e 180 dias após a cirurgia. CONCLUSÃO: A dimensão das áreas cicatrizadas dos defeitos tratados com o gel do biopolímero da cana-de-açúcar, grupo de estudo foi semelhante as do grupo controle, cicatrizadas naturalmente. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To measure the healed areas of osteochondral defects produced in femoral condyles of rabbits filled with biopolymer sugar cane gel and to compare these with those of the control group at 90, 120 and 180 days. METHODS: A study was made of 16 New Zealand rabbits, 6 and 7 months old, weighing [...] between 2 and 2.5 kg. Defects of 3.2 x 4 mm were made, with trephine, in the femoral condyles of the right and left knees. As to the study group defects of the medial and lateral condyles of the right knee were used which were filled with Biopolymer Sugar Cane Gel; as to the Control Group defects of the medial and lateral condyles of the left t knees were used which were left open for natural healing. The defects were analyzed at 90, 120 and 180 days after surgery. After euthanasia, the knees were removed and fixed in Bouin's solution for later digital photographic documentation with a digital camera. The areas healed were measured in both the study and control groups using the images obtained from an Image-J® program. Statistical analysis was conducted using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the means of the healed areas in the study and control groups at 90, 120 and 180 days after surgery. CONCLUSION: The dimension of the healed areas of the defects treated with the biopolymer sugar-cane gel in the study group was similar to those of the control group, which healed naturally.

  1. Combined posterior lumbar plexus–sciatic nerve block versus combined femoral–obturator–sciatic nerve block for ACL reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman I Tharwat

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ayman I TharwatAin Shams University, Cairo, EgyptBackground: We compared the efficacy of combined posterior lumbar plexus–sciatic nerve block with that of combined femoral–obturator–sciatic nerve block as anesthesia for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, because both block combinations have been recommended for lower limb arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery.Methods: Forty-eight patients undergoing elective unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction under local anesthesia were randomized to undergo either combined posterior lumbar plexus–sciatic nerve block (Group 1, or combined femoral–obturator–sciatic nerve block (Group 2. Blocks were performed using nerve stimulation and bupivacaine 0.5% mixed with lignocaine 2%. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and pulse oximetry were recorded. Quality of anesthesia, motor and sensory block, time to first analgesic use, sedation, and need for general anesthesia were recorded, along with verbal postoperative pain scores, and side effects.Results: No patient in Group 1 and two patients in Group 2 needed general anesthesia. Complete sensory blockade was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2. However, complete motor blockade was similar in both groups. In Group 1, verbal pain scores were lower than in Group 2. Time to first analgesic was similar between the two groups. Total analgesic consumption was lower in Group 1. No significant differences were found for heart rate, pulse oximetry, or systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the groups, and no signs of toxicity were encountered.Conclusion: Combined posterior lumbar plexus–sciatic nerve block provided more comfortable intraoperative anesthesia and better postoperative analgesia than combined femoral–obturator–sciatic nerve block for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery.Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, local anesthetic, nerve block 

  2. MRI differentiates femoral condylar ossification evolution from osteochondritis dissecans. A new sign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jans, Lennart B.O.; Huysse, Wouter C.; Verstraete, Koenraad L. [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Ghent (Belgium); Jaremko, Jacob L.; Ditchfield, Michael [University of Melbourne Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Medical Imaging, Melbourne, Vic (Australia)

    2011-06-15

    To determine if MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the femoral condyles in children can differentiate variations in ossification from osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). MRI studies of the knee of 315 patients demonstrated ossification defects of the femoral condyles involving the subchondral bone plate. MRI features categorized the defects as ossification variability (N = 150) or OCD (N = 165). Both groups were compared for age, residual physeal cartilage, site, configuration, 'lesion angle' and associated findings. (a) Ossification variability did not occur in girls >10 year. and boys >13 year., OCD did not occur in children younger than 8 year. (b) Ossification variability was not seen in patients with 10% or less residual physeal cartilage, OCD was rare in patients with 30% or greater residual physeal cartilage. (c) Ossification variability was located in the posterior third of the femoral condyle, OCD occurred most commonly in the middle third. (d) Intracondylar extension was seen in OCD and not in ossification variability. (e) Perilesional oedema was very common with OCD and absent with ossification variability. (f) Lesion angle <105 was a feature of ossification variability. MRI may help differentiate variations in ossification of the femoral condyles from OCD. (orig.)

  3. Abordagem simplificada do nervo ciático por via posterior, no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral, com uso de neuroestimulador / Simplified sciatic nerve approach by the posterior route at the median gluteus-femoral sulcus region, with a neurostimulator / Abordaje simplificado del nervio ciático por vía posterior, en el punto medio del sulco glúteo-femoral, con uso de neuroestimulador

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Neuber Martins, Fonseca; Fernando Xavier, Ferreira; Roberto Araújo, Ruzi; Gulherme Carnaval Souza, Pereira.

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O bloqueio do nervo ciático pode ser realizado por várias abordagens com vantagens e desvantagens. O nervo ciático é o maior nervo do corpo humano em diâmetro e comprimento. É a continuação do fascículo superior do plexo sacral (L4, L5, S1, S2 e S3). Sai da pelve através d [...] o forâmen isquiático maior, passando por baixo do músculo piriforme, desce entre o trocânter maior do fêmur e a tuberosidade isquiática, e ao longo do dorso da coxa, anterior aos músculos bíceps femoral e semitendinoso, até o terço inferior da coxa, onde se divide em dois grandes ramos denominados nervos tibial e fibular comum. Torna-se superficial na borda inferior do músculo glúteo máximo. Baseados nesta descrição anatômica, desenvolvemos uma abordagem posterior, tendo como vantagens a fácil identificação da anatomia de superfície, superficialidade do nervo nesta localização, provocando menor desconforto ao paciente que outras abordagens e podendo utilizar agulha de 5 cm. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 17 pacientes, estado físico ASA I, II ou III, com idades entre 21 e 79 anos, peso de 55 a 90 kg, submetidos a cirurgias em perna ou pé. Após monitorização, o paciente foi posicionado em decúbito ventral e realizado bloqueio no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral (dobra da pele entre a nádega e região posterior da coxa), com auxílio de neuroestimulador, utilizando lidocaína a 1% sem adrenalina (300 mg). Avaliou-se latência, tempo de execução do bloqueio, anestesia dos nervos tibial, fibular comum e cutâneo posterior da coxa. Quando necessário, foi também realizado o bloqueio do nervo safeno com 5 ml de lidocaína a 1%. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se anestesia adequada em todos os casos com o volume e concentração usados. Em nenhum paciente ocorreu anestesia do nervo cutâneo posterior da coxa. O tempo de execução do bloqueio foi de 8,58 ± 5,71 min. A latência foi de 5,88 ± 1,6 min. A duração sensitiva e motora do bloqueio foi de 4,05 ± 1,1 e 2,9 ± 0,8 horas, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: Essa nova abordagem é eficaz e de fácil execução. Não está indicada se o bloqueio do nervo cutâneo posterior da coxa for necessário. Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El bloqueo del nervio ciático puede ser realizado por varios abordajes con ventajas y desventajas. El nervio ciático es el mayor nervio del cuerpo humano en diámetro y largura. Es la continuación del fascículo superior del plexo sacral (L4, L5, S1, S2 y S3). Sale de la pel [...] vis a través del Fuerone isquiático mayor, pasando por bajo del músculo piriforme, baja entre el trocanter mayor del femur y la tuberosidad isquiática, y al largo del dorso del muslo, anterior a los músculos bíceps femoral y semitendinoso, hasta el tercero inferior del muslo, donde se divide en dos grandes ramos denominados nervios tibial y fibular común. Se torna superficial en la borda inferior del músculo glúteo máximo. Baseados en esta descripción anatómica, desenvolvemos un abordaje posterior, teniendo como ventajas la identificación fácil de la anatomía de superficie, superficialidad del nervio en esta localización, provocando menor incomodidad al paciente que otros abordajes y pudiendo utilizar aguja de 5 cm. MÉTODO: Fueron estudiados 17 pacientes, estado físico ASA I, II ó III, con edades entre 21 y 79 años, peso de 55 a 90 kg, sometidos a cirugías en piernas o pies. Después de monitorización, el paciente fue posicionado en decúbito ventral y realizado bloqueo en el punto medio del sulco glúteo femoral (dobla de la piel entre la nalga y la región posterior del muslo), con auxilio de neuroestimulador, utilizando lidocaína a 1% sin adrenalina (300 mg). Se evaluó la latencia, tiempo de ejecución del bloqueo, anestesia de los nervios tibial, fibular común y cutáneo posterior del muslo. Cuando necesario, fue también realizado el bloqueo del nervio safeno con 5 ml de lidocaína a 1%. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo anestesia adecuada en todos los casos con el volumen y concentración u

  4. Rolamento posterior do fêmur na artroplastia total do joelho: comparação entre as próteses com preservação e com sacrifício do ligamento cruzado posterior Femoral roll back in total knee arthroplasty: comparison between prostheses that preserve and sacrifice the posterior cruciate ligament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Honório de Carvalho Júnior

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar a posteriorização do ponto de contato entre o componente femoral e o polietileno tibial à medida em que o joelho é fletido em dois tipos de artroplastia total do joelho, uma com sacrifício e outra com preservação do ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, sob fluoroscopia, 36 joelhos de 32 pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total do joelho. Analisando as imagens em perfil, foi medido o ponto de contato do fêmur com o polietileno tibial com o joelho em extensão completa e em 90 graus de flexão, mensurando-se o percentual de "rolamento" posterior do fêmur nas artroplastias em que o ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP foi sacrificado e naquelas nas quais esse foi preservado. RESULTADOS: O percentual médio de posteriorização do fêmur foi de 13,24% nos casos em que o LCP foi sacrificado e de 5,75% nos casos em que esse foi preservado. A diferença entre essas medidas foi estatisticamente significativa, com p = 0,026615. CONCLUSÃO: Na artroplastia total do joelho, sacrificar o LCP aumenta a translação posterior do ponto de contato entre o fêmur e a tíbia à medida em que o joelho é flexionado até 90 graus.OBJECTIVE: To compare the rollback of the contact point between the femoral component and the tibial polyethylene as the knee is flexed, in two types of total knee arthroplasty: one that sacrifices and the other that preserves the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL. METHODS: Under fluoroscopy, 36 knees from 32 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were evaluated. Using lateral images, the contact points between the femur and the tibial polyethylene with the knee in complete extension and at 90° of flexion were measured, thereby measuring the percentage rollback of the femur in arthroplasties in which the PCL was sacrificed and in those in which it was preserved. RESULTS: The mean percentage rollback of the femur was 13.24% in the cases in which the PCL was sacrificed and 5.75% in the cases in which it was preserved. The difference between these measurements was statistically significant (p = 0.026615. CONCLUSION: In total knee arthroplasty, sacrificing the PCL increased the rollback of the contact point between the femur and tibia as the knee was flexed up to 90°.

  5. Observation of femoral and tibial insertion of the posterior cruciate ligament by using conventional CT and transparent 3D-CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presented are image data acquisitioned by the volume rendering (VR)-3D-CT and authors' transparent (T)-3D-CT to depict the bone contour, of medial intercondylar ridge (MIR) and posterior intercodylar fossa (PIF) at femoral and tibial insertion, respectively, of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) as those data are helpful for planning the reconstruction surgery of PCL and for confirming the femoral PCL insertion by using the C-arm during operation. Helical scanning is conducted with GE MD-CT (64DAS) to reconstruct VR-3D-CT image with the workstation ZIO's ZIO900M Quadra and T-3D-CT image, by reducing the opacity by pixel exclusion of the intraosseous lumen. MIR is observed in all 70 normal knees tested in VR-3D-CT and the bifurcate ridge, in 15 knees among them. In T-3D-CT image, distance data of the origin of MIR from Blumensaat's line and the angle of MIR and bone axis are calculated and presented. In VR-3D-CT and T-3D-CT images of PIF from 20 knees, actual measures of PIF slope angle (degree), PIF area ratio to joint surface (JS) (%), distance from JS to centers of anterolateral (AL) and posterolateral (PM) slopes (mm), and from medial and lateral JS to PIF posterior border (mm), and distance ratios of PM and AL to medial and lateral tibia, respectively, (%) are calculated and presented. Findings are: MIR originates at 45% distal point of Blumensaat's line; the articular line crosses with PIF at its center in T-3D-CT sagittal plane; centers of tibial AL and PM exist at the middle of frontal plane, and at 1.00 and 5.5 mm, respectively, distal points of JS of sagittal plane. The PIF data are rather comparable to those obtained in cadavers reported in 3 literatures and the present procedure is concluded to be valid. (author)

  6. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteochondroma (OC of the mandibular condyle is a relatively rare condition that causes a progressive enlargement of the condyle, usually resulting in facial asymmetry, temporomandibular joint (TMJ dysfunction, and malocclusion. Radiographically, there is a unilaterally enlarged condyle usually with an exophytic outgrowth of the tumor from the condylar head. We present a case of a left mandibular condylar OC that created a major facial asymmetry, malocclusion, and TMJ dysfunction. Discussion includes the rationale for treatment and the method used in this case. In actively growing OCs, surgical intervention is indicated to remove the tumor stopping the benign growth process and improve facial symmetry, occlusion, and jaw function.

  7. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign tumors of the axial skeletons, but is rarely found in facial bones. When present, the tumor is most often reported to affect the mandibular coronoid process. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is extremely rare. A case is presented of a massive osteochindroma of mandibular condyle leading to facial asymmetry and disturbed occlusion. The diagnosis was confirmed by radiological and histological examination. (author)

  8. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle.

    OpenAIRE

    Ravikiran Ongole; Rajeev S. Pillai; Auswaf K. Ahsan; Pai, Keerthilatha M.

    2003-01-01

    ABSTRACT Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign tumors of the axial skeleton, but is rarely found in the facial bones. When present, the tumor is most often reported to affect the mandibular coronoid process. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is extremely rare. A case is presented of a massive osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle leading to facial asymmetry and disturbed occlusion. The diagnosis was confirmed by radiological and histological examination.

  9. Radiographic femoral varus measurement is affected unpredictably by femoral rotation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miles, James Edward

    Radiographic measurements of femoral varus are used to determine if intervention to correct femoral deformity is required, and to calculate the required correction. The varus angle is defined as the angle between the proximal femoral long axis (PFLA) and an axis tangential to the distal femoral condyles. Ideal positioning of the femur in terms of zero elevation relative to the radiographic plane or zero rotation along the long axis of the femur may be difficult to obtain in practice. The clinician may thus be tempted to determine varus values from less than ideal radiographs. Fourteen isolated right femora were positioned at zero elevation (supracondylar eminence at same distance from the radiographic plate as the lesser trochanter, as defined in previous studies) and with the caudal condyles in contact with the radiography cassette (0° rotation) and subsequently rotated internally and externally by 5° and 10° using plastic wedges. Accuracy of rotation was within +1°. Digital radiographs were obtained at each position. Varus angles were measured using ImageJ, employing two definitions of PFLA. Mean varus angles increased with 10° of either internal or external rotation with both PFLA definitions, but at 5° increased slightly with one definition and decreased with the other. Scatter plots indicated that not all femora exhibited the same trend in change in varus angle. Significant differences (p<0.05) were observed between varus measurements for the different PFLA definitions and between rotation angles. The effect of rotation on varus angle measurements in these femoral specimens contradicts a previous report using CT. The most probable explanation is the difference in femoral positioning: the CT study used a slightly elevated position compared to that in this study, resulting in better visualisation of the condylar articular surfaces. Zero elevation frequently results in the articular surfaces being obscured by the trochlear ridges, even when positioned perfectly. Varus measurements vary unpredictably as a result of femoral rotation and this effect is likely further influenced by femoral elevation.

  10. Relationship between the condyle and adjacent structures in double temporomandibular joint view using panorama

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the ability of double TMJ view by multifunctional panorama to view the bony components and the space of the temporomandibular joint. Ten dry skulls fitted with resin shims over the caricular surface of the condyle were used to reproduce the temporomandibular joint space. Fine metal wires were attached to the three portions of contours of the condylar head and the articular eminence. With 10 dry skulls and 20 cases having TMJ dysfunction, double TMJ views by multifunctional panorama (Planmeca 2002 Proline CC) and transcranial views were taken, analyzed from the anatomical view point, and compared statistically in view of the widths of the posterior joint space and the condylar head. In double TMJ view, the supero-anterior part of the condyle represented the lateral 1/3, the most superior part represented center portion, and the posterior part medial 1/3 of the condyle. In maximum mouth opening, no other structures were statistically with the condyle in double TMJ view. In double TMJ view, petrous bone was moderately superimposed with the superior part of the condyle. The tendency of reduction in the posterior joint space appeared in the side of TMJ dysfunction compared with the normal side. The posterior joint spaces in double TMJ view were statistically wider (p<0.05) than those in transcranial view. The correlation coefficient was 0.5179 between the widths of the posterior joint spaces in two radiographic views. Double TMJ view can be substituted for transcracial view in evaluating the TMJ dysfunction

  11. THE INCREASED FEMORAL NECK ANTEVERSION IN MEDIEVAL CEMETERY OF PECENJEVCE: AETIOLOGY AND DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT / ANTEVERSIÓN FEMORAL AUMENTADA EN EL CEMENTERIO MEDIEVAL DE PECENJEVCE: ETIOLOGÍA Y DIAGNÓSTICO DIFERENCIAL EN EL CONTEXTO ARQUEOLÓGICO

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ksenija, Djukic; Petar, Milenkovic; Petar, Milovanovic; Milos, Dakic; Marija, Djuric.

    Full Text Available Anteversión femoral se define como el ángulo entre el eje cérvico-cefálico y la tangente posterior bicondílea que pasa por el plano horizontal. Dado que no hay datos sobre el diagnóstico diferencial de esta característica en las poblaciones arqueológicas, la intención de este estudio fue investigar [...] anteversión femoral (FNA) en los esqueletos de una población medieval de Serbia. Los resultados demostraron valores de este ángulo de 11 a 24 grados en adultos, pero una persona tenía el ángulo de anteversión femoral significativamente aumentada (casi 60 grados). En la discusión hemos enfocado en el diagnóstico diferencial de alta FNA causada por diferente etiología, así como sobre las limitaciones diagnósticas en los huesos secos. La más probable etiología de aumento de FNA en nuestro caso es la forma asimétrica de parálisis cerebral. Revisión sistemática de la anteversión femoral puede demostrar las huellas de diversos trastornos ortopédicos y neuromusculares en las poblaciones humanas del pasado. Abstract in english The femoral neck anteversion (FNA) is defined as the angle between the longitudinal axis of the neck of a femur and the axis passing horizontally through femoral condyles. However, there is no data regarding this feature in archaeological populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investig [...] ate FNA in a medieval skeletal population from Serbia. According to the results the analysed angle ranged from 11 to 24 degrees in adults, apart from only one individual with significantly increased femoral neck anteversion of nearly 60 degrees. The discussion of the present paper is focused on the differential diagnosis of this condition and its aetiology, especially outlining diagnostic limitations when dealing with dry bones. Finally, the most probable aetiology of increased FNA in our case is the asymmetric form of cerebral palsy. Overall, the traces of various orthopaedic and neuromuscular disorders in past human populations could be revealed by systematic recording of the femoral neck anteversion during anthropological analyses.

  12. The role-share-influence of the posterior tibial slope on rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stijak Lazar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Posterior tibial slope is one of the most citated factors wich cause rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL. The aim of this study was to determine the association of a greather posterior tibial slope on the lateral condyle, that is a lesser posterior tibial slope on the medial condyle, with ACL rupture. Methods. The patients were divided into two groups. The study group included the patients with chronic instability of the knee besause of a previous rupture of ACL. The control group included the patients with knee lesion, but without ACL rupture. Posterior tibial slope measuring was performed by sagittal MR slices supported by lateral radiograph of the knee. We measured posterior tibial slope on lateral and medial condyles of the tibia. Using these values we calculated an average posterior tibial slope as well as the difference between slopes on lateral and medial condyles. Results. Patients with ACL rupture have highly statistically significantly greather posterior tibial slope (p < 0.01 on lateral tibial condyle (7.1° : 4.5° as well as statistically significantly lesser posterior tibial slope (p < 0.05 on medial tibial condyle (5.0° : 6.6° than patients with intact ACL. Conclusion. Great posterior tibial slope on lateral tibial condyle associated with the small posterior tibial slope on the medial tibial condyle, that is a positive differentce between lateral and medial tibial condyles are factors wich may cause ACL rupture.

  13. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Ki Hun; Kim, Eun Kyung [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-08-15

    Although osteochondroma is not rare in the axial skeleton and long bones, it is very rare in the jaw. It is a benign chondroma within which partial endochondral ossification occurs. There are two types, the central one and the peripheral one. Peripheral type is more common than central one in the jaw, but it is not frequent. Especially it is rare at the mandibular condyle. When it occurred at the mandibular condyle, it is generally located at the lateral portion of the condyle. In that case, facial asymmetry with occlusal change is the characteristic clinical feature. But it is similar to condylar hyperplasia so that misdiagnosis can sometimes occur. The differential point is as follows : Hyperplasia generally appears as a generalized enlargement of the condylar process with a normal cortical thickness, but osteochondroma usually appears as a focal growth or mass. We report a very rare case of peripheral osteochondroma at the mandibular condyle in a 27-year-old male patient who visited DKUDH with a chief complaint of the facial asymmetry.

  14. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although osteochondroma is not rare in the axial skeleton and long bones, it is very rare in the jaw. It is a benign chondroma within which partial endochondral ossification occurs. There are two types, the central one and the peripheral one. Peripheral type is more common than central one in the jaw, but it is not frequent. Especially it is rare at the mandibular condyle. When it occurred at the mandibular condyle, it is generally located at the lateral portion of the condyle. In that case, facial asymmetry with occlusal change is the characteristic clinical feature. But it is similar to condylar hyperplasia so that misdiagnosis can sometimes occur. The differential point is as follows : Hyperplasia generally appears as a generalized enlargement of the condylar process with a normal cortical thickness, but osteochondroma usually appears as a focal growth or mass. We report a very rare case of peripheral osteochondroma at the mandibular condyle in a 27-year-old male patient who visited DKUDH with a chief complaint of the facial asymmetry.

  15. Injectable Biocomposites for Bone Healing in Rabbit Femoral Condyle Defects

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Jianheng; Mao, Kezheng; Liu, Zhengsheng; Wang, Xiumei; Cui, Fuzhai; Guo, Wenguang; Mao, Keya; YANG, SHUYING

    2013-01-01

    A novel biomimetic bone scaffold was successfully prepared in this study, which was composed of calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CSH), collagen and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAC). CSH/nHAC was prepared and observed with scanning electron microscope and rhBMP-2 was introduced into CSH/nHAC. The released protein content from the scaffold was detected using high performance liquid chromatography at predetermined time interval. In vivo bone formation capacity was investigated by means of implanting the s...

  16. Fracture Through the Distal Femoral Epiphysis

    OpenAIRE

    Decoster, Laura C; Vailas, James C.

    1995-01-01

    Injuries to the distal femoral epiphysis are not common, but when they do occur, at least half of them occur in sports. Many athletic trainers work with skeletally immature athletes, thereby increasing the likelihood that they will face this type of injury. The case of a 14-year-old football player who sustained a Salter-Harris III fracture of his medial femoral condyle is presented to illustrate the classic natural history and prognosis of this injury. To properly evaluate this injury, the a...

  17. Prospective evaluation of femoral head viability following femoral neck fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bone scans of 33 patients (pts) with recent subcapital fractures (fx) of the femur were evaluated prospectively to determine their value in predicting femoral head visability. Each of the 33 pts (ll men, 22 women, age range 30-92) had a pre-operative bone scan within 72 hrs of the fx (23 pts within 24 hrs). Anterior and posterior planar views of both hips and pinhole views (50% of pts) were obtained 2 hrs after administration of Tc-99m HDP. The femoral head was classified as perfused if it showed the same activity as the opposite normal side or if it showed only slightly decreased activity. Femoral heads showing absent activity were classified as nonperfused. Overall, 20 of the 33 pts showed a photopenic femoral head on the side of the fx. Only 2 pts showed increased activity at hte site of the fx. Internal fixation of the fx was performed in 23 pts, 12 of whom had one or more follow-up scans. Five of these 12 pts showed absent femoral head activity on their initial scan, but 2 showed later reperfusion. The other 7 pts showed good perfusion initially, with only 1 later showing decreased femoral head activity. The other 10 pts (7 of whom had absent femoral head activity) had immediate resection of the femoral head and insertion of a Cathcart prosthesis. The results suggest that femoral head activity seen on a bone scan in the immediate post-fx period is not always a reliable indicator of femoral head viability. Decreased femoral head activity may reflect, in part, compromised perfusion secondary to post-traumatic edema, with or without anatomic disruption of the blood supply

  18. Hyperplastic conditions of the mandibular condyles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-12-15

    To evaluate the clinical and radiographic features of unilateral hyperplastic mandibular condyles for some useful preliminary diagnostic recommendations. Clinical records, radiographs and histologic diagnoses of 35 cases with asymmetric mandibular condyles due to apparent unilateral condylar hyperplasia were evaluated retrospectively. Among 35 cases, 28 were true hyperplastic conditions of condyles whereas the remaining 7 were unilateral internal derangement occurring on the short side. 17 of the 28 hyperplastic condyles showed a mass or irregular radiographic shadow with histologic diagnosis including osteochondroma and osteoma. Only 5 of these cases showed facial asymmetry. 2 out of ths 17 cases showed hyperplastic round shaped irregular condyles consistent with ankylosis and their histologic diagnoses were osteochondromas. 11 of the 28 cases showed smooth enlargement of condylar head with elongation of the neck causing facial asymmetry, but histologic diagnoses were not available because the surgical operation conserved the condyles. The hyperplastic conditions of the mandibular condyles include not only true hyperplasia, osteochondroma, osteoma, and ankylosis, but also unilateral internal derangement occurring on the short side.

  19. Hyperplastic conditions of the mandibular condyles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the clinical and radiographic features of unilateral hyperplastic mandibular condyles for some useful preliminary diagnostic recommendations. Clinical records, radiographs and histologic diagnoses of 35 cases with asymmetric mandibular condyles due to apparent unilateral condylar hyperplasia were evaluated retrospectively. Among 35 cases, 28 were true hyperplastic conditions of condyles whereas the remaining 7 were unilateral internal derangement occurring on the short side. 17 of the 28 hyperplastic condyles showed a mass or irregular radiographic shadow with histologic diagnosis including osteochondroma and osteoma. Only 5 of these cases showed facial asymmetry. 2 out of ths 17 cases showed hyperplastic round shaped irregular condyles consistent with ankylosis and their histologic diagnoses were osteochondromas. 11 of the 28 cases showed smooth enlargement of condylar head with elongation of the neck causing facial asymmetry, but histologic diagnoses were not available because the surgical operation conserved the condyles. The hyperplastic conditions of the mandibular condyles include not only true hyperplasia, osteochondroma, osteoma, and ankylosis, but also unilateral internal derangement occurring on the short side.

  20. Bloqueio do nervo isquiático por abordagem posterior simplificada no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral: estudo com diferentes volumes de lidocaína a 1%

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fonseca Neuber Martins

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O bloqueio do nervo isquiático por via subglútea foi descrito com sucesso em estudo anterior, sendo mais uma opção entre as várias abordagens possíveis. O nervo isquiático torna-se superficial na borda inferior do músculo glúteo máximo, permitindo seu acesso com fácil localização, pouco desconforto e baixo risco de punção acidental de grandes vasos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o bloqueio do nervo isquiático por esta abordagem simplificada com diferentes volumes de lidocaína a 1%. MÉTODO: Foram estudados 40 pacientes com intervenções cirúrgicas na perna ou no pé distribuídos em dois grupos. Após monitorização, eles foram posicionados em decúbito ventral e realizado bloqueio no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral, com auxílio de neuroestimulador e agulha de 5 cm eletricamente isolada, utilizando 300 mg (G1 ou 200 mg (G2 de lidocaína a 1% sem adrenalina. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se anestesia adequada em todos os casos com o volume e a concentração usados. O tempo de execução do bloqueio foi de 8,6 ? 5,7 min (G1 e 5,6 ? 5,7 min (G2. A latência foi de 5,98 ? 1,4 min (G1 e 6,7 ? 2,9 min (G2. A duração sensitiva e motora do bloqueio foi de 243 ? 37 min e 152 ? 30 min (G1 e 235 ? 39 min e 149 ? 59 min (G2, respectivamente. Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os grupos estudados. CONCLUSÕES: Essa abordagem é eficaz e de fácil execução, podendo a dose total de anestésico ser reduzida sem comprometimento da qualidade.

  1. Evaluation of condyle defects using different reconstruction protocols of cone-beam computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastos, Luana Costa; Campos, Paulo Sergio Flores, E-mail: bastosluana@ymail.com [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Fac. de Odontologia. Dept. de Radiologia Oral e Maxilofacial; Ramos-Perez, Flavia Maria de Moraes [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Fac. de Odontologia. Dept. de Clinica e Odontologia Preventiva; Pontual, Andrea dos Anjos [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Camaragibe, PE (Brazil). Fac. de Odontologia. Dept. de Radiologia Oral; Almeida, Solange Maria [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Odontologia. Dept. de Radiologia Oral

    2013-11-15

    This study was conducted to investigate how well cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can detect simulated cavitary defects in condyles, and to test the influence of the reconstruction protocols. Defects were created with spherical diamond burs (numbers 1013, 1016, 3017) in superior and / or posterior surfaces of twenty condyles. The condyles were scanned, and cross-sectional reconstructions were performed with nine different protocols, based on slice thickness (0.2, 0.6, 1.0 mm) and on the filters (original image, Sharpen Mild, S9) used. Two observers evaluated the defects, determining their presence and location. Statistical analysis was carried out using simple Kappa coefficient and McNemar’s test to check inter- and intra-rater reliability. The chi-square test was used to compare the rater accuracy. Analysis of variance (Tukey's test) assessed the effect of the protocols used. Kappa values for inter- and intra-rater reliability demonstrate almost perfect agreement. The proportion of correct answers was significantly higher than that of errors for cavitary defects on both condyle surfaces (p < 0.01). Only in identifying the defects located on the posterior surface was it possible to observe the influence of the 1.0 mm protocol thickness and no filter, which showed a significantly lower value. Based on the results of the current study, the technique used was valid for identifying the existence of cavities in the condyle surface. However, the protocol of a 1.0 mm-thick slice and no filter proved to be the worst method for identifying the defects on the posterior surface. (author)

  2. Evaluation of condyle defects using different reconstruction protocols of cone-beam computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was conducted to investigate how well cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can detect simulated cavitary defects in condyles, and to test the influence of the reconstruction protocols. Defects were created with spherical diamond burs (numbers 1013, 1016, 3017) in superior and / or posterior surfaces of twenty condyles. The condyles were scanned, and cross-sectional reconstructions were performed with nine different protocols, based on slice thickness (0.2, 0.6, 1.0 mm) and on the filters (original image, Sharpen Mild, S9) used. Two observers evaluated the defects, determining their presence and location. Statistical analysis was carried out using simple Kappa coefficient and McNemar’s test to check inter- and intra-rater reliability. The chi-square test was used to compare the rater accuracy. Analysis of variance (Tukey's test) assessed the effect of the protocols used. Kappa values for inter- and intra-rater reliability demonstrate almost perfect agreement. The proportion of correct answers was significantly higher than that of errors for cavitary defects on both condyle surfaces (p < 0.01). Only in identifying the defects located on the posterior surface was it possible to observe the influence of the 1.0 mm protocol thickness and no filter, which showed a significantly lower value. Based on the results of the current study, the technique used was valid for identifying the existence of cavities in the condyle surface. However, the protocol of a 1.0 mm-thick slice and no filter proved to be the worst method for identifying the defects on the posterior surface. (author)

  3. Eosinophilic granuloma of the mandibular condyle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Oh, Sung Won; Lee, Sam Sun [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Mun Kyung [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-03-15

    The present study reports a case of eosinophilic granuloma of the mandibular condyle. Eosinophilic granulomas on the mandibular condyle are very rare, but there are several common clinical and radiographic presentations. The clinical presentations involve swelling on preauricular area, limitation of opening, TMJ pain, etc. The radiographic presentations involve radiolucent lytic condylar lesion with or without pathologic fracture. Sometimes new bone formations are observed. The purpose of the article is to add new cases to the literatures.

  4. Femoral articular shape and geometry. A three-dimensional computerized analysis of the knee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, D; Rudan, J; Wevers, H W; Griffiths, P

    1996-02-01

    An average, three-dimensional anatomic shape and geometry of the distal femur were generated from x-ray computed tomography data of five fresh asymptomatic cadaver knees using AutoCAD (AutoDesk, Sausalito, CA), a computer-aided design and drafting software. Each femur model was graphically repositioned to a standardized orientation using a series of alignment templates and scaled to a nominal size of 85 mm in mediolateral and 73 mm in anteroposterior dimensions. An average generic shape of the distal femur was synthesized by combining these pseudosolid models and reslicing the composite structure at different elevations using clipping and smoothing techniques in interactive computer graphics. The resulting distal femoral geometry was imported into a computer-aided manufacturing system, and anatomic prototypes of the distal femur were produced. Quantitative geometric analyses of the generic femur in the coronal and transverse planes revealed definite condylar camber (3 degrees-6 degrees) and toe-in (8 degrees-10 degrees) with an oblique patellofemoral groove (15 degrees) with respect to the mechanical axis of the femur. In the sagittal plane, each condyle could be approximated by three concatenated circular arcs (anterior, distal, and posterior) with slope continuity and a single arc for the patellofemoral groove. The results of this study may have important implications in future femoral prosthesis design and clinical applications. PMID:8648311

  5. Modeling of the condyle elements within a biomechanical knee model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Ana; Rasmussen, John

    2012-01-01

    The development of a computational multibody knee model able to capture some of the fundamental properties of the human knee articulation is presented. This desideratum is reached by including the kinetics of the real knee articulation. The research question is whether an accurate modeling of the condyle contact in the knee will lead to reproduction of the complex combination of flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, and tibial rotation observed in the real knee. The model is composed by two anatomic segments, the tibia and the femur, whose characteristics are functions of the geometric and anatomic properties of the real bones. The biomechanical model characterization is developed under the framework of multibody systems methodologies using Cartesian coordinates. The type of approach used in the proposed knee model is the joint surface contact conditions between ellipsoids, representing the two femoral condyles, and points, representing the tibial plateau and the menisci. These elements are closely fitted to the actual knee geometry. This task is undertaken by considering a parameter optimization process to replicate experimental data published in the literature, namely that by Lafortune and his coworkers in 1992. Then kinematic data in the form of flexion/extension patterns are imposed on the model corresponding to the stance phase of the human gait. From the results obtained, by performing several computational simulations, it can be observed that the knee model approximates the average secondary motion patterns observed in the literature. Because the literature reports considerable inter-individual differences in the secondary motion patterns, the knee model presented here is also used to check whether it is possible to reproduce the observed differences with reasonable variations of bone shape parameters. This task is accomplished by a parameter study, in which the main variables that define the geometry of condyles are taken into account. It was observed that the data reveal a difference in secondary kinematics of the knee in flexion versus extension. The likely explanation for this fact is the elastic component of the secondary motions created by the combination of joint forces and soft tissue deformations. The proposed knee model is, therefore, used to investigate whether this observed behavior can be explained by reasonable elastic deformations of the points representing the menisci in the model.

  6. Evaluation of condyle defects using different reconstruction protocols of cone-beam computed tomography

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luana Costa, Bastos; Paulo Sergio Flores, Campos; Flavia Maria de Moraes, Ramos-Perez; Andrea dos Anjos, Pontual; Solange Maria, Almeida.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to investigate how well cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) can detect simulated cavitary defects in condyles, and to test the influence of the reconstruction protocols. Defects were created with spherical diamond burs (numbers 1013, 1016, 3017) in superior and/or posterior [...] surfaces of twenty condyles. The condyles were scanned, and cross-sectional reconstructions were performed with nine different protocols, based on slice thickness (0.2, 0.6, 1.0 mm) and on the filters (original image, Sharpen Mild, S9) used. Two observers evaluated the defects, determining their presence and location. Statistical analysis was carried out using simple Kappa coefficient and McNemar's test to check inter- and intra-rater reliability. The chi-square test was used to compare the rater accuracy. Analysis of variance (Tukey's test) assessed the effect of the protocols used. Kappa values for inter- and intra-rater reliability demonstrate almost perfect agreement. The proportion of correct answers was significantly higher than that of errors for cavitary defects on both condyle surfaces (p

  7. 21 CFR 872.3960 - Mandibular condyle prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mandibular condyle prosthesis. 872.3960 Section... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3960 Mandibular condyle prosthesis. (a) Identification. A mandibular condyle prosthesis is a device that is intended to be implanted in the human jaw...

  8. Osteochondroma of bilateral mandibular condyle: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Qin; Yang, Chi; CHEN, MIN-JIE

    2015-01-01

    Osteochondroma represents the largest group of benign tumors of bone, which usually develops in long bones and relatively uncommon in the craniofacial region. The condyle and coronoid tip are the most common sites of occurrence in the mandible, but both sides of condyle involved has never been reported. Here, we describe a case of osteochondroma arising from the bilateral mandibular condyle.

  9. Osteochondroma of bilateral mandibular condyle: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qin; Yang, Chi; Chen, Min-Jie

    2015-01-01

    Osteochondroma represents the largest group of benign tumors of bone, which usually develops in long bones and relatively uncommon in the craniofacial region. The condyle and coronoid tip are the most common sites of occurrence in the mandible, but both sides of condyle involved has never been reported. Here, we describe a case of osteochondroma arising from the bilateral mandibular condyle. PMID:25932269

  10. Reconstrução do ligamento cruzado posterior com enxerto autólogo do tendão do músculo semitendinoso duplo e do terço médio do tendão do quadríceps em duplo túnel no fêmur e único na tíbia: resultados clínicos em dois anos de seguimento Posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autograft of the double semitendinosus muscles and middle third of the quadriceps tendon with double femoral and single tibial tunnels: clinical results in two years follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os aspectos cirúrgicos que possam oferecer bons resultados anatômicos e funcionais na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP utilizando enxerto autólogo do tendão do quadríceps e duplo semitendinoso através de um túnel femoral duplo. MÉTODOS: Quatorze pacientes com lesões isoladas do LCP, instabilidade e dor foram operados por artroscopia e avaliados de acordo com as escalas do International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC e de Lysholm. A lassidão foi examinada com o artrômetro KT 1000. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação pós-operatória, a translação posterior comparando-se com joelho contralateral foi entre 0-2mm em 57,1% dos pacientes e entre 3 e 5mm em 35,7% dos casos. A média da escala de Lysholm foi de 93 pontos na avaliação final. Na avaliação pelo IKDC, três pacientes tiveram grau A, 10 grau B e 1 teve grau C. Conclusões: A reconstrução artroscópica do LCP com feixe duplo baseada no posicionamento anatômico dos túneis, com tendão duplo semitendinoso e único do quadríceps, oferece redução clinicamente evidente dos sintomas e recupera satisfatoriamente a estabilidade, embora diferença significativa não tenha sido encontrada devido ao pequeno tamanho da amostra.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical aspects that may offer good anatomic and functional results in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL reconstruction using an autologous graft of the quadriceps tendon and double semitendinosus through a double femoral tunnel. METHODS: Fourteen patients with isolated PCL lesions, instability and pain were operated on by arthroscopy and evaluated according to the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC and Lysholm scales. Posterior knee laxity was examined with a KT 1000 arthrometer. RESULTS: The mean postoperative posterior side-to-side difference was between 0-2 mm in 57.1% of patients and between 3 and 5 mm in 35.7% of cases. The average Lysholm score was 93 points in the final follow-up. In the IKDC evaluation, 3 patients were graded A, 10 were graded B, and 1 patient was graded C. Conclusions: Double bundle arthroscopic PCL reconstruction based on the anatomical positioning of the tunnels, with double semitendinosus tendon and single quadriceps, provides a clinically evident reduction in symptoms and restores satisfactory stability, although no statistically significant difference was found due to the small sample.

  11. No differences in morphological characteristics between hyperplastic condyle and class III condyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulart, D R; Muñoz, P; Olate, S; de Moraes, M; Fariña, R

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this research was to compare the condylar morphology of patients with unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) and patients with a class III skeletal relationship using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). A prospective study was conducted on patients with facial asymmetry attending the division of oral and maxillofacial surgery of the study university in Chile. Fifteen patients with UCH and 15 with a class III skeletal relationship were selected. Linear measurements of the condylar processes were obtained at a scale of 1:1 using the software Ez3D Viewer Plus. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the paired t-test were used, considering P<0.05. Patients with UCH presented statistical differences between the hyperplastic condyle and non-hyperplastic condyle for anteroposterior and mediolateral diameters, condylar neck length, and ramus height. Patients with a class III skeletal relationship showed no differences between the right and left sides; the morphology of their condyles was similar to the condyles with hyperplasia and presented statistical differences when compared with the non-hyperplastic condyles (one-way ANOVA, P<0.05). The condylar morphology of UCH patients could be related to the development of a class III skeletal relationship. These findings provide an insight into the possibility of some class III patients presenting bilateral condylar hyperplasia. PMID:26112995

  12. Shape and Symmetry of Human Condyle and Mandibular Fossa / Forma y Simetría del Cóndilo Humano y Fosa Mandibular

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eduardo Cotecchia, Ribeiro; Monique Lalue, Sanches; Luis Garcia, Alonso; Ricardo Luiz, Smith.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue determinar y clasificar la forma de la fosa mandibular y cóndilo correspondiente en diferentes tipos, relacionándolos con el sexo y la simetría en cráneos humanos adultos en perspectivas laterales, posteriores y superiores. La muestra incluyó 50 cráneos humanos de 32 homb [...] res y 18 mujeres entre 23 a 82 años. Fueron fotografiados el cóndilo y moldes de silicona de la fosa para evaluar la forma en los tres puntos. Se clasificaron las formas, validadas por el análisis intra e inter-evaluador, la frecuencia, distribución por sexo y simetría verificada. Las formas fueron clasificadas como redondeada, en ángulo, aplanada y mixtas en las vistas lateral y posterior; y como biconvexa, convexo-plana, y mixta en la vista superior. En las vistas laterales el cóndilo y la fosa redondeada fueron más frecuentes (57% y 66%, respectivamente), mientras que en la vista posterior (53% y 83%). En la vista superior, la forma mixta presentó mayor frecuencia en el cóndilo (59%), mientras que en la fosa la forma biconvexa (46%) fue más común. No hubo diferencia significativa en la distribución de laforma por sexo. La misma forma (simétrica o no-simétrica) en el cóndilo lateral derecho e izquierdo y la fosa fueron evaluadas por separado, y se observaron varias combinaciones. Abstract in english The aim of the study was to determine and classify the shape of the mandibular fossa and the corresponding condyle in different types, relating them to sex and symmetry, in adult human skulls, from lateral, posterior and superior views. The sample included 50 human skulls from 23 to 82 years old, 32 [...] males and 18 females. The condyle and silicone casting molds of the fossa were photographed to assess shape in the three views. Shapes were classified, validated by intra- and inter-rater analysis and frequency, sex distribution and symmetry verified. Shapes were classified as rounded, angled, flattened and mixed types in the lateral and posterior views; and as biconvex, flat-convex, biflattened and mixed in the superior view. Rounded condyle and fossa were more frequent in the lateral (57% and 66% respectively) and posterior (53% and 83%) views. In the superior view, mixed shape presented higher frequency in condyle (59%) while in fossa the biconvex shape (46%) was most common. There was no significant difference in shape distribution by sex. The same shape (symmetry) or otherwise (non-symmetry) in right and left side condyle and fossa were separately assessed and showed various combinations.

  13. Neglected Pipkin's fracture dislocation with bilateral femoral shaft fractures: an unusual combination

    OpenAIRE

    Panigrahi, Ranajit; Mahapatra, Amita Kumari; Palo, Nishit; Priyadarshi, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    A hip fracture dislocation with contralateral femur fracture is a rare combination. We report a case of neglected posterior dislocation of hip with Pipkins-II femoral head and medial condylar fractures associated with a contralateral femoral shaft fracture. Right hip joint was approached via the Kocher-Langenbeck, following reduction, femoral head fragments were fixed with two 4-mm cannulated cancellous screws with open reduction internal fixation plating of ipsilateral femoral condylar fract...

  14. Mandibular condyle position in cone beam computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Hyoung Joo; Kim, Gyu Tae; Choi, Yong Suk; Hwang, Eui Hwan [Kyung Hee Univ. School of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-06-15

    To evaluate position of the mandibular condyle within articular fossa in an asymptomatic population radiographically by a cone beam computed tomography. Cone beam computed tomography of 60 temporomandibular joints was performed on 15 males and 15 females with no history of any temporomandibular disorders, or any other orthodontic or photoconductors treatments. Position of mandibular condyle within articular fossa at centric occlusion was evaluated. A statistical evaluation was done using a SPSS. In the sagittal views, mandibular condyle within articular fossa was laterally located at central section. Mandibular condyles in the right and left sides were showed asymmetric positional relationship at medial, central, and lateral sections. Mandibular condyle within articular fossa in an asymptomatic population was observed non-concentric position in the sagittal and coronal views.

  15. Combined autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) with supra-condylar femoral varus osteotomy, following lateral growth-plate damage in an adolescent knee: 8-year follow-up

    OpenAIRE

    Vijayan Sridhar; Bentley George

    2011-01-01

    Abstract We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, managed with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and supracondylar re-alignment femoral osteotomy. Long-term clinical success was achieved using this method, illustrating the effective use of re-alignment osteotomy in correcting mal-alignment of the knee, protecting the AC...

  16. Posterior Uveitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uy, Harvey Siy; Yu-Keh, Ellen; Chan, Pik Sha

    2016-01-01

    Posterior uveitis is a major cause of ocular morbidity worldwide. Systemic corticosteroids (CS) remain the primary method of treatment for noninfectious posterior uveitis; however, CS are associated with many side effects. Immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) is recommended when inflammatory control is not attained with a tolerable level of systemic CS (uveitis entities that are amenable to retinal pharmacotherapy. PMID:26502276

  17. Osteochondroma of mandibular condyle: A clinic-radiographic correlation

    OpenAIRE

    More, Chandramani B.; Gupta, Swati

    2013-01-01

    Osteochondroma (OC) of temporo mandibular joint is a rare, slow growing, benign tumor that causes a progressive enlargement of the condyle, usually resulting in facial asymmetry, temporo mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, limited mouth opening and malocclusion. Pain is rarely associated with this tumor. OC is composed of cartilaginous and osseous tissues. Radiographically, there is unilaterally enlarged condyle usually with an exophytic outgrowth of the tumor from the condylar head. We prese...

  18. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: Report of two surgical approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, William; Weng, Lye Kok; Tin, Goh Bee

    2014-01-01

    Osteochondromas are common tumors of the long bones, but are rare in the craniofacial region. We detailed two different management of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle treated utilizing three-dimensional (3D) imaging and computer-assisted planning. Simultaneous open temporomandibular joint and orthognathic surgeries were done to treat both the pathology and secondary facial asymmetry. An osteochondroma that presented as a bony mass at the lateral aspect of the left mandibular condyle o...

  19. Medial circumflex femoral artery flap for ischial pressure sore

    OpenAIRE

    Palanivelu S

    2009-01-01

    A new axial pattern flap based on the terminal branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery is described for coverage of ischial pressure sore. Based on the terminal branches of the transverse branch of medial circumflex femoral artery, which exit through the gap between the quadratus femoris muscle above and the upper border of adductor magnus muscle below, this fascio cutaneous flap is much smaller than the posterior thigh flap but extremely useful to cover ischeal pressure sores. The s...

  20. Ultrasound and nerve stimulator guided continuous femoral nerve block analgesia after total knee arthroplasty: a multicenter randomized controlled study / Bloqueo continuo del nervio femoral guiado por ultrasonido y estimulador de nervio para analgesia posterior a la artroplastia total de rodilla: estudio multicéntrico, aleatorizado y controlado / Bloqueio contínuo do nervo femoral guiado por ultrassom e estimulador de nervo para analgesia após artroplastia total de joelho: estudo multicêntrico, randomizado e controlado

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fen, Wang; Li-Wei, Liu; Zhen, Hu; Yong, Peng; Xiao-Qing, Zhang; Quan, Li.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Analgesia pós-operatória é fundamental para o exercício funcional precoce logo após a artroplastia total de joelho. O objetivo foi investigar a eficácia clínica do bloqueio contínuo do nervo femoral guiado [...] por ultrassom e estimulador de nervo em analgesia após artroplastia total do joelho. MÉTODOS: Receberam analgesia pós-operatória, de outubro de 2012 a janeiro de 2013, 46 pacientes, estado físico ASA I-III, submetidos à artroplastia total de joelho. Em 22 pacientes, o bloqueio femoral contínuo foi guiado por ultrassom e estimulador de nervo para analgesia (grupo BFC); em 24 pacientes, analgesia foi administrada por via epidural (grupo ACP). Os efeitos analgésicos, efeitos colaterais, a recuperação articular e as complicações foram comparados entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS: Às seis e 12 horas após a cirurgia, os escores de dor no joelho (escore EVA) durante os testes funcionais após exercício ativo e passivo foram significativamente menores no grupo BFC do que no grupo ACP. A quantidade usada de parecoxib nos pacientes do grupo BFC foi significativamente menor em comparação com o grupo ACP. Quarenta e oito horas após a cirurgia, o grau de força muscular no grupo BFC foi significativamente maior e o tempo de atividade ambulatória foi menor do que no grupo ACP. A incidência de náusea e vômito em pacientes do grupo BFC foi significativamente menor em comparação com o grupo ACP. CONCLUSÃO: O bloqueio femoral contínuo guiado por ultrassom e estimulador do nervo proporcionou melhor analgesia às seis e 12 horas, demonstrada por EVA-R e EVA-P. A quantidade de parecoxib também foi menor, a incidência de náusea e vômito diminuiu, a influência sobre a força muscular é comprometida e os pacientes podem fazer atividade ambulatorial sob essa condição. Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: La analgesia postoperatoria es fundamental para el ejercicio funcional precoz posteriormente a la artroplastia total de rodilla. El objetivo fue investigar la eficacia clínica del bloqueo continuo del nerv [...] io femoral guiado por ultrasonido y estimulador de nervio en analgesia después de la artroplastia total de la rodilla. MÉTODOS: Cuarenta y seis pacientes, con estado físico ASA I-III, sometidos a artroplastia total de rodilla recibieron analgesia postoperatoria de octubre de 2012 a enero de 2013. En 22 pacientes, el bloqueo femoral continuo fue guiado por ultrasonido y estimulador de nervio para analgesia (grupo BFC); en 24 pacientes, la analgesia fue administrada por vía epidural (grupo ACP). Los efectos analgésicos, efectos colaterales, recuperación articular y las complicaciones fueron comparados entre los 2 grupos. RESULTADOS: A las 6 y 12 h después de la operación, las puntuaciones de dolor en la rodilla (puntuación EVA) durante los test funcionales después del ejercicio activo y pasivo fueron significativamente menores en el grupo BFC que en el grupo ACP. La cantidad usada de parecoxib en los pacientes del grupo BFC fue significativamente menor en comparación con el grupo ACP. Cuarenta y ocho horas después de la operación, el grado de fuerza muscular en el grupo BFC fue significativamente mayor y el tiempo de actividad ambulatoria fue menor que en el grupo ACP. La incidencia de náuseas y vómitos en pacientes del grupo BFC fue significativamente menor en comparación con el grupo ACP. CONCLUSIÓN: El bloqueo femoral continuo guiado por ultrasonido y estimulador del nervio proporcionaron una mejor analgesia a las 6 y 12 horas, lo que quedó demostrado por EVA-R y EVA-P. La cantidad de parecoxib también fue menor, la incidencia de náuseas y vómito disminuyó, la influencia sobre la fuerza muscular está comprometida y los pacientes pueden realizar una actividad ambulatoria bajo esa condición. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative analgesia is crucial for early functional excise after total knee arthroplasty. To investigate the clinical efficacy of ultrasound and nerve stimulator guided c

  1. Sagittal plane articulation of the contralateral knee of subjects with posterior cruciate ligament deficiency: an observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrasekaran Sivashankar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study was to compare the in vivo articulation of the healthy knee to the contralateral knee of subjects with acute and chronic PCL injuries. Methods Magnetic resonance was used to generate sagittal images of 10 healthy knees and 10 knees with isolated PCL injuries (5 acute and 5 chronic. The subjects performed a supine leg press against a 150 N load. Images were generated at 15 degree intervals as the knee flexed from 0 to 90 degrees. The tibiofemoral contact (TFC, and the centre of the femoral condyle (as defined by the flexion facet centre (FFC, were measured from the posterior tibial cortex. Results There was no significant difference in the TFC and FFC between the healthy knee and contralateral knee of subjects with acute and chronic PCL injuries in the medial and lateral compartments of the knee. Conclusions The findings of this study suggest there is no predisposing articulation abnormality to PCL injury, in the setting of chronic injury the contralateral knee does not modify its articulation profile and the contralateral knee can be used as a valid control when evaluating the articulation of the PCL deficient knee.

  2. Osteochondroma of Maxilla Posterior Region: A Unique Case

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Mayuri; Singhal, Sachin; Goyal, Megha; Sharma, Bhuvnesh

    2015-01-01

    Osteochondroma is the most common benign neoplasm of the skeleton commonly affecting the long bones due to endochondral growth. In the craniofacial region this tumour is very rare. The sites of predilection are the coronoid process and the mandibular condyle. Here, we report an exceptional case of osteochondroma originating from the maxillary posterior region in a 26-year-old male patient, mimicking an odontome, not reported earlier in the literature. We also discuss the importance of various...

  3. Bone changes of mandibular condyle using cone beam computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ji Un; Kim, Hyung Seop; Song, Ju Seop; Kim, Kyoung A; Koh, Kwang Joon [Chonbuk National Univ., Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-09-15

    To assess bone changes of mandibular condyle using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in temporomandibualr disorder (TMD) patients. 314 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) images of 163 TMD patients were examined at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Chonbuk National University. The images were obtained by PSR9000N (Asahi Roentgen Co., Japan) and reconstructed by using Asahivision software (Asahi Roentgen Co., Japan). The CBCT images were examined three times with four weeks interval by three radiologists. Bone changes of mandibular condyle such as flattening, sclerosis, erosion and osteophyte formation were observed in sagittal, axial, coronal and 3 dimensional images of the mandibular condyle. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 12.0. Intra-and interobserver agreement were performed by 3 radiologists without the knowledge of clinical information. Osteopathy (2.9%) was found more frequently on anterior surface of the mandibular condyle. Erosion (31.8%) was found more frequently on anterior surface of the mandibular condyle. The intraobserver agreement was good to excellent (k=0.78{sub 0}.84), but interobserver agreement was fair (k=0.45). CBCT can provide high qualified images of bone changes of the TMJ with axial, coronal and 3 dimensional images.

  4. Arthroscopically assisted reduction and internal fixation of a femoral anterior cruciate ligament osteochondral avulsion fracture in a 14-year-old girl via transphyseal inside-out technique

    OpenAIRE

    Langenhan, Ronny; Baumann, Matthias; Hohendorff, Bernd; Probst, Axel; Trobisch, Per

    2013-01-01

    Femoral avulsion fracture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in children and adolescents is rare, and its arthroscopic treatment is even more so. A femoral avulsion fracture of the ACL of a 14-year-old girl was arthroscopically reduced and fixed by a Kirschner wire (K-wire) via an inside-out technique. A 1.4-mm K-wire was drilled inside-out into the osseous defect of the lateral femoral condyle under arthroscopic visualization. The avulsed fragment was reduced and then drilled retrograde...

  5. Combined autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI with supra-condylar femoral varus osteotomy, following lateral growth-plate damage in an adolescent knee: 8-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayan Sridhar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, managed with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI and supracondylar re-alignment femoral osteotomy. Long-term clinical success was achieved using this method, illustrating the effective use of re-alignment osteotomy in correcting mal-alignment of the knee, protecting the ACI graft site and providing the optimum environment for cartilage repair and regeneration. This is the first report of the combined use of ACI and femoral osteotomy for such a case.

  6. Influence of Unerupted Third Molars on Angle and Condyle Fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Lins de-Azevedo-Vaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Condylar and angle fractures are the most common types of mandibular injuries. There is evidence in the literature suggesting that the presence of unerupted lower third molars increases the risk of angle fracture and reduces the chance of condyle fracture. The present paper reports on a case of a 19-year-old Caucasian man who had bilateral angle fracture associated with the two lower unerupted third molars. No other fracture was detected on the panoramic radiograph. This case suggests that unerupted lower third molars increase the risk of angle fracture whereas preventing condyle fracture. Reduction of the bone mass of the angle in the presence of third molars and disruption of the oblique ridge with partially erupted molars support our fi ndings. As the treatment of condyle fracture is more complex, it might not be appropriate to strengthen the mandibular angle, making the mandible more vulnerable to condylar fractures by means of prophylactic extraction of asymptomatic unerupted third molars.

  7. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  8. A clinico-radiologic study of bony remodeling of the fractured condyles in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jeong Shin; Park, Chang Seo [Department of Dentistry, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-08-15

    Bony remodeling pattern of condyle fractures in children are different from in adult for growing of condyle, also might affect treatment and prognosis of the condyle fracture. Subjects of this clinical and radiologic study were 26 temporomandibular joints diagnosed as condyle fracture in 23 patients under 15 years old age, They were treated with conservative method at Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan., 1986 to Oct., 1994. Bony remodeling related with fracture pattern was evaluated. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The ratio of male to female in patients with condyle fracture was 1 : 0.9 and the difference of sex ratio was not noted. Comparing with preschool-age group and school-age group, age frequency was higher in preschool-age group (83%). 2. Fallen down (54%) was the most frequent cause of condyle fractures. Traffic accident and slip down were followed. 3. The most common clinical sign of condyle fractures was tenderness to palpation (19 cases). Mouth opening limitation (17 cases), swelling (7 cases), malocclusion (3 cases) were next in order. 4. According to sites of condyle fractures, unilateral fractures were in 20 patients and bilateral fractures in 3 patients, therefore total 23 patients-26 cases of condyle fracture were observed. According to fracture distribution, condyle fractures were in 10 patients (44%). Condyle fractures with symphysis fracture (9 patients, 39%), condyle fractures with ascending ramus fracture (2 patients, 9%), condyle fracture with mandibular body fracture (1 patient, 4%), and condyle fractures with mandibular angle fracture (1 patient, 4%) were followed. 5. In displacement pattern of fractured fragment of mandibular condyle, displacement (17 cases, 66%) was most common. Dislocation (5 cases, 19%) and deviation (4 cases, 15%) were next in order. 6. During the observation period of fractured condyles, remodeling patterns of fracture sites related with articular fossa were observed with usual congealer shape in 23 cases and with prominently different shape in 3 cases.

  9. Chondrosarcoma of the Mandibular Condyle: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keshani F.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Chondrosarcomas are slow-growing, malignant mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by formation of cartilage by the tumoral cells. They display a wide range of morphological features from a well-differentiated growing mass resembling a benign cartilage tumour to a high-grade malignancy with aggressive local invasion. Only 5% to 10% of this neoplasm is confined to the head and neck region. Chondrosarcomas of the mandibular condyle may manifest the typical symptoms of the temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome. Tumours of the condyle can reach a large size without producing clinically obvious swellings. A rare case of chondrosarcoma of the mandibular condyle in a 34-years old woman is presented in this report. Patient’s chief complaint was pain in the right temporomandibular joint when her mouth was in a maximum opening position. Mild malocclusion, figured as an occlusal discrepancy, was also detected. Radiographs illustrated erosion in the head of condyle. After condylectomy, the excised mass was histologically diagnosed as a grade II chondrosarcoma.

  10. Unreamed femoral nailing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, D; Faisal, M; Butt, M S

    2000-11-01

    Sixty one femoral fractures treated with ACE unreamed titanium nail (AIM femoral nail, ACE Medical, Los Angeles, CA) were studied. Ten patients died before bony union and three were lost to follow up. Forty eight fractures were followed up for an average of 11.2 months (4-31 months). All fractures united except one in which plating and bone grafting was performed at 6 months due to failure of progression of union. The mean time to bony union was 6.2 months. There was no implant failure but one distal interlocking bolt broke at 6 weeks. No incidence of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was observed. Malunion was seen in one patient whereas three cases had shortening of more than 2 cm. Our results show that unreamed femoral nailing using titanium nail is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of femoral shaft fractures. PMID:11084159

  11. Femoral neck fracture following groin irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The incidence and risk factors are evaluated for femoral neck fracture following groin irradiation for gynecologic malignancies. Methods and Materials: The radiation therapy records of 1313 patients with advanced and recurrent cancer of the vagina, vulva, cervix, and endometrium, treated at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology from 1954 to 1992, were reviewed. Median follow-up was 12.7 years. From this group, 207 patients were identified who received irradiation to the pelvis and groins with anterposterior-posterior anterior (AP-PA), 18 MV photons. Data were reviewed regarding irradiation dose to the femoral neck and other presumed risk factors including age, primary site, stage, groin node status, menopausal status, estrogen use, cigarette use, alcohol consumption, and osteoporosis. Results: The per-patient incidence of femoral neck fracture was 4.8% (10 out of 207). Four patients developed bilateral fractures. However, the cumulative actuarial incidence of fracture was 11% at 5 years and 15% at 10 years. Cox multivariate analysis of age, weight, and irradiation dose showed that only irradiation dose may be important to developing fracture. Step-wise logistic regression of presumed prognostic factors revealed that only cigarette use and x-ray evidence of osteoporosis prior to irradiation treatment were predictive of fracture. Conclusion: Femoral head fracture is a common complication of groin irradiation for gynecologic malignancies. Fracture in our database appears to be related to irradiation dose, cigarette use, and x-ray evidence of osteoporosis. Special attention should be given in treatment planning (i.e., shielding of femoral head/neck and use of appropriate electron beam energies for a portion of treatment) to reduce the incidence of this complication

  12. The Osteochondroma of the Mandibular Condyle: report of a case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The osteochondroma, also known as osteocartilagenous exostosis, is one of the most common benign tumors of the axial skeleton, but is rarely found in the facial bones. When present, the tumor is most often reported to affect the mandibular coronoid process. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is extremely rare and may cause signs and symptoms like those seen in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Sometimes, differentiation between osteochondroma and condylar hyperplasia is not possible on histologic grounds alone, but the radiographic and intraoperative findings together are usually sufficient to establish a definite diagnosis. This report reviews the literature concerning osteochondroma, especially of the maxillofacial region, and describes a case of osteochondroma of the condyle.

  13. The Osteochondroma of the Mandibular Condyle: report of a case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Wook Jin; Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyunghee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-06-15

    The osteochondroma, also known as osteocartilagenous exostosis, is one of the most common benign tumors of the axial skeleton, but is rarely found in the facial bones. When present, the tumor is most often reported to affect the mandibular coronoid process. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is extremely rare and may cause signs and symptoms like those seen in patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Sometimes, differentiation between osteochondroma and condylar hyperplasia is not possible on histologic grounds alone, but the radiographic and intraoperative findings together are usually sufficient to establish a definite diagnosis. This report reviews the literature concerning osteochondroma, especially of the maxillofacial region, and describes a case of osteochondroma of the condyle.

  14. Modeling of the condyle elements within a biomechanical knee model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Ana; Rasmussen, John; Flores, Paulo; Silva, Luís F.

    2012-01-01

    The development of a computational multibody knee model able to capture some of the fundamental properties of the human knee articulation is presented. This desideratum is reached by including the kinetics of the real knee articulation. The research question is whether an accurate modeling of the condyle contact in the knee will lead to reproduction of the complex combination of flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, and tibial rotation observed in the real knee. The model is composed by two an...

  15. Laser Doppler flowmetry for bone blood flow measurement: correlation with microsphere estimates and evaluation of the effect of intracapsular pressure on femoral head blood flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used to measure bone blood flow in the rabbit femoral condyles. To correlate the LDF output signal blood cell flux to in vivo blood flow, simultaneous measurements using LDF and 85Sr-labeled microspheres were made in an adult rabbit model. There was no correlation between the two methods for blood flow in the femoral condyles and the correlation between the two methods for blood flow in the femoral head does not achieve statistical significance. An LDF signal of 0.4 V was approximately equal to a microsphere measured flow rate of 0.4 ml blood/g bone/min. The strength of the correlation in the latter case may have been affected by (a) large arteriovenous shunts, (b) inadequate mixing of the microspheres with a left ventricular injection, and (c) insufficient numbers of microspheres present in the bone samples. When LDF was used to evaluate the effect of elevated intracapsular pressure on femoral head blood flow in skeletally mature rabbits, femoral head subchondral bone blood flow declined with increasing intracapsular pressure from a baseline value of 0.343 +/- 0.036 to a value of 0.127 +/- 0.27 at 120 cm of water pressure. The decline in femoral head blood flow was statistically significant at pressures of 40 cm of water or higher (p less than 0.001), and evaluation of sections of the proximal femora made from preterminal disulphine blue injections confirmed these findings. Intracapsular tamponade has an adverse effect on femoral head blood flow beginning well below central venous pressure and should be considered in the pathophysiology of posttraumatic and nontraumatic necrosis of the femoral head. Laser Doppler flowmetry was easy to use and appears to be a reproducible technique for evaluating femoral head blood flow, offering distinct advantages over the microsphere technique for measuring bone blood flow

  16. Medial circumflex femoral artery flap for ischial pressure sore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palanivelu S

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A new axial pattern flap based on the terminal branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery is described for coverage of ischial pressure sore. Based on the terminal branches of the transverse branch of medial circumflex femoral artery, which exit through the gap between the quadratus femoris muscle above and the upper border of adductor magnus muscle below, this fascio cutaneous flap is much smaller than the posterior thigh flap but extremely useful to cover ischeal pressure sores. The skin redundancy below the gluteal fold allows a primary closure of the donor defect. It can also be used in combination with biceps femoris muscle flap.

  17. Osteochondroma of maxilla posterior region: a unique case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Mayuri; Singhal, Sachin; Goyal, Megha; Sharma, Bhuvnesh

    2015-04-01

    Osteochondroma is the most common benign neoplasm of the skeleton commonly affecting the long bones due to endochondral growth. In the craniofacial region this tumour is very rare. The sites of predilection are the coronoid process and the mandibular condyle. Here, we report an exceptional case of osteochondroma originating from the maxillary posterior region in a 26-year-old male patient, mimicking an odontome, not reported earlier in the literature. We also discuss the importance of various imaging modalities, most importantly, computed tomography (CT) in the evaluation of such lesions. However, histopathology remains the mainstay for definitive diagnosis in such conditions. PMID:26023654

  18. Subchondral bone density distribution in the human femoral head

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, David A.; Meguid, Michael; Lubovsky, Omri; Whyne, Cari M. [Sunnybrook Research Institute, Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2012-06-15

    This study aims to quantitatively characterize the distribution of subchondral bone density across the human femoral head using a computed tomography derived measurement of bone density and a common reference coordinate system. Femoral head surfaces were created bilaterally for 30 patients (14 males, 16 females, mean age 67.2 years) through semi-automatic segmentation of reconstructed CT data and used to map bone density, by shrinking them into the subchondral bone and averaging the greyscale values (linearly related to bone density) within 5 mm of the articular surface. Density maps were then oriented with the center of the head at the origin, the femoral mechanical axis (FMA) aligned with the vertical, and the posterior condylar axis (PCA) aligned with the horizontal. Twelve regions were created by dividing the density maps into three concentric rings at increments of 30 from the horizontal, then splitting into four quadrants along the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral axes. Mean values for each region were compared using repeated measures ANOVA and a Bonferroni post hoc test, and side-to-side correlations were analyzed using a Pearson's correlation. The regions representing the medial side of the femoral head's superior portion were found to have significantly higher densities compared to other regions (p < 0.05). Significant side-to-side correlations were found for all regions (r {sup 2} = 0.81 to r {sup 2} = 0.16), with strong correlations for the highest density regions. Side-to-side differences in measured bone density were seen for two regions in the anterio-lateral portion of the femoral head (p < 0.05). The high correlation found between the left and right sides indicates that this tool may be useful for understanding 'normal' density patterns in hips affected by unilateral pathologies such as avascular necrosis, fracture, developmental dysplasia of the hip, Perthes disease, and slipped capital femoral head epiphysis. (orig.)

  19. Occipital condyle fracture as a rare cause of shoulder pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Yalcin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Occipital condyle fractures (OCFs usually occur due to high energy trauma and are often associated with serious injuries, particularly in the brain. Because it is difficult to determine this fracture on plain radiographs, it can easily be misdiagnosed. In this report, we present a patient admitted to our emergency department with one and only complaint of shoulder pain following a motor vehicle accident. We aimed to underline the importance of physician’s elaboration and attention in the diagnosis of this rare entity.

  20. MRI of the temporo-mandibular joint: which sequence is best suited to assess the cortical bone of the mandibular condyle? A cadaveric study using micro-CT as the standard of reference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlo, Christoph A. [University Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Patcas, Raphael; Signorelli, Luca; Mueller, Lukas [University of Zurich, Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Center of Dental Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Kau, Thomas; Watzal, Helmut; Kellenberger, Christian J. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Ullrich, Oliver [University of Zurich, Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland); Luder, Hans-Ulrich [University of Zurich, Section of Orofacial Structures and Development, Center of Dental Medicine, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2012-07-15

    To determine the best suited sagittal MRI sequence out of a standard temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) imaging protocol for the assessment of the cortical bone of the mandibular condyles of cadaveric specimens using micro-CT as the standard of reference. Sixteen TMJs in 8 human cadaveric heads (mean age, 81 years) were examined by MRI. Upon all sagittal sequences, two observers measured the cortical bone thickness (CBT) of the anterior, superior and posterior portions of the mandibular condyles (i.e. objective analysis), and assessed for the presence of cortical bone thinning, erosions or surface irregularities as well as subcortical bone cysts and anterior osteophytes (i.e. subjective analysis). Micro-CT of the condyles was performed to serve as the standard of reference for statistical analysis. Inter-observer agreements for objective (r = 0.83-0.99, P < 0.01) and subjective ({kappa} = 0.67-0.88) analyses were very good. Mean CBT measurements were most accurate, and cortical bone thinning, erosions, surface irregularities and subcortical bone cysts were best depicted on the 3D fast spoiled gradient echo recalled sequence (3D FSPGR). The most reliable MRI sequence to assess the cortical bone of the mandibular condyles on sagittal imaging planes is the 3D FSPGR sequence. (orig.)

  1. MRI of the temporo-mandibular joint: which sequence is best suited to assess the cortical bone of the mandibular condyle? A cadaveric study using micro-CT as the standard of reference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the best suited sagittal MRI sequence out of a standard temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ) imaging protocol for the assessment of the cortical bone of the mandibular condyles of cadaveric specimens using micro-CT as the standard of reference. Sixteen TMJs in 8 human cadaveric heads (mean age, 81 years) were examined by MRI. Upon all sagittal sequences, two observers measured the cortical bone thickness (CBT) of the anterior, superior and posterior portions of the mandibular condyles (i.e. objective analysis), and assessed for the presence of cortical bone thinning, erosions or surface irregularities as well as subcortical bone cysts and anterior osteophytes (i.e. subjective analysis). Micro-CT of the condyles was performed to serve as the standard of reference for statistical analysis. Inter-observer agreements for objective (r = 0.83-0.99, P < 0.01) and subjective (? = 0.67-0.88) analyses were very good. Mean CBT measurements were most accurate, and cortical bone thinning, erosions, surface irregularities and subcortical bone cysts were best depicted on the 3D fast spoiled gradient echo recalled sequence (3D FSPGR). The most reliable MRI sequence to assess the cortical bone of the mandibular condyles on sagittal imaging planes is the 3D FSPGR sequence. (orig.)

  2. Radiation induced femoral palsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report four cases of femoral palsy due to compressive fibrosis, after pelvic radiation therapy. Three patients had Hodgkin's disease, and one testicular seminoma. Prominent clinical features include major groin induration and underlying swelling. Unlike what is usually seen in tumoral relapse, little or no pain is associated with these neuropathies. The femoral post-radic palsy develops earlier and faster than brachial plexus palsy of same aetiology. In one case, progressive aggravation led to surgical neurolysis which resulted in dramatic and long lasting improvement. The principal preventive and therapeutic managements are discussed: since compressive fibrosis is related to the use of isolated and massive electron beam therapy, various association of cobalt and electron beam therapy are designed to best prevent the side effects of each of these methods. The early treatment of developing fibrosis by D. penicillamine is discussed

  3. Técnicas de cimentação femoral

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro, Jordão; André, Bahute; Ugo, Fontoura; Pedro, Marques.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A artroplastia da anca tornou-se na última metade do século 20 na intervenção com mais sucesso no alívio da dor e restauro da função articular para os doentes com artrose da anca. Os bons resultados são consequência da melhoria nas técnicas cirúrgicas e na qualidade dos implantes utilizados. O uso d [...] o componente femoral cimentado tem sido o padrão de ouro ao longo dos últimos cinquenta anos, havendo séries que reportam uma longevidade do implante de 96% aos 10 anos. O conhecimento das propriedades do cimento utilizado, a sua correcta forma de preparação e aplicação são determinantes para o bom desempenho da artroplastia. Este trabalho faz uma revisão sobre a evolução das técnicas de cimentação femoral, explica as diferentes fases pelas quais o cimento passa no seu processo de elaboração e descreve as principais etapas da técnica de cimentação de terceira geração. Abstract in english In the later half of the 20th century, hip replacement surgery became the most successful procedure to relieve pain and restore function for patients with hip osteoarthritis. These good results are a byproduct of improvements both in surgical technique and implant properties. Cemented femoral stems [...] have been considered the gold standard for the last fifty years, with studies showing implant survival rates of up to 96% after 10 years. The success of an arthroplasty is dependent on the understanding of the properties, preparation and usage of cement. This article will review the evolution of femoral cementing techniques, the different stages of cement preparation and the main steps of third-generation cementing.

  4. Femoral Stress Fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Casterline, Mark; Osowski, Shawn; Ulrich, Gary

    1996-01-01

    The following case report describes the history of a high school football player who complained of right anterior thigh pain, which worsened during the season. The team orthopedic surgeon made an initial diagnosis of a right rectus femoris strain. The athlete was treated and improved quickly. One week later, his condition worsened and he reported signs and symptoms similar to those experienced initially. A follow-up examination by the orthopedic surgeon revealed a femoral stress fracture to t...

  5. Overexpressed TGF-? in subchondral bone leads to mandibular condyle degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, K; Zhang, M; Niu, L; Yu, S; Zhen, G; Xian, L; Yu, B; Yang, K; Liu, P; Cao, X; Wang, M

    2014-02-01

    Emerging evidence has implied that subchondral bone plays an important role during osteoarthritis (OA) pathology. This study was undertaken to investigate whether abnormalities of the condylar subchondral bone lead to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) OA. We used an osteoblast-specific mutant TGF-?1 transgenic mouse, the CED mouse, in which high levels of active TGF-?1 occur in bone marrow, leading to abnormal bone remodeling. Subchondral bone changes in the mandibular condyles were investigated by micro-CT, and alterations in TMJ condyles were confirmed by histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis. Abnormalities in the condylar subchondral bone, characterized as fluctuant bone mineral density and microstructure and increased but uncoupled activity of osteoclasts and osteoblasts, were apparent in the 1- and 4-month CED mouse groups, while obvious cartilage degradation, in the form of cell-free regions and proteoglycan loss, was observed in the 4-month CED group. In addition, increased numbers of apoptotic chondrocytes and MMP9- and VEGF-positive chondrocytes were observed in the condylar cartilage in the 4-month CED group, but not in the 1-month CED group, compared with their respective age-matched controls. This study demonstrated that progressive degradation of mandibular condylar cartilage could be induced by the abnormal remodeling of the underlying subchondral bone during TMJOA progression. PMID:24309371

  6. Creation of an Anatomic Femoral Tunnel With Minimal Damage to the Remnant Bundle in Remnant-Preserving Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using an Outside-In Technique

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Jin Hwan; Lee, Yong Seuk; LEE, Seung Hee

    2014-01-01

    We established a method for creation of an anatomic femoral tunnel with minimal damage to the remnant bundle in remnant-preserving anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The goals of this surgical technique were to preserve the remnant bundle as much as possible, especially at the femoral insertion, and to make the tunnel at the anatomic position. The critical points are that the posterior side of the femoral footprint of the ACL is observed through the posterolateral portal using a...

  7. Radiological analysis on femoral tunnel positioning between isometric and anatomical reconstructions of the anterior cruciate ligament / Análise radiológica do posicionamento do túnel femoral com as técnicas de reconstrução isométrica ou de reconstrução anatômica do LCA

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo Barreiros, Vieira; Leonardo Augusto de Pinho, Tavares; Rodrigo Campos Pace, Lasmar; Fernando Amaral da, Cunha; Lucas Araujo de Melo, Lisboa.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar radiologicamente a posição do túnel femoral na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior pelas técnicas isométrica e anatômica. MÉTODOS: Foi feito estudo analítico prospectivo em pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA), por meio da técnica iso [...] métrica e anatômica, com o uso de enxerto de tendões flexores do joelho ou de tendão patelar. Foram captados 28 pacientes, em pós-operatório imediato, no ambulatório de cirurgia do joelho da FCMMG-HUSJ. Foram feitas radiografias do joelho operado nas incidências em anteroposterior (AP) com apoio bipodálico e perfil em 30? de flexão. Foram traçadas as linhas e medidos os ângulos e as distâncias na radiografia em perfil para avaliar o plano sagital. Foi medida a distância do centro do parafuso à cortical posterior do côndilo lateral e dividido pela linha de Blumensaat. Com relação à altura do parafuso, foi medida a distância do centro dele até a superfície articular do côndilo lateral do joelho. Na radiografia em AP, que avalia o plano coronal, mede-se a angulação entre o eixo anatômico do fêmur e uma linha traçada no centro do parafuso. RESULTADOS: Pelos testes, o p-valor (0,4213) é maior do que o nível de significância adotado (0,05), a hipótese nula não é rejeitada e pode ser afirmado que não há diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as técnicas anatômica (TAN) e isométrica (TIS) no que diz respeito à Medida P (posteriorização do parafuso de interferência). Como o p-valor (0,0006) observado é menor do que o nível de significância adotado (0,05), rejeita-se a hipótese nula e pode ser afirmado que há diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a TAN e a TIS no que diz respeito à Medida H (altura do parafuso em relação à cortical inferior do joelho). Pode-se concluir que essa diferença ocorre porque a TIS gera valores maiores para a Medida H do que a TAN. Como o p-valor observado (0,000) é menor do que o nível de significância (5%), rejeitou-se a hipótese nula e afirmamos com 95% de confiança que há diferença significativa entre a TAN e a TIS no que diz respeito à variável MED (posição do parafuso na radiografia em AP). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na avaliação radiológica do túnel femoral, tanto no plano sagital como no coronal, entre as técnicas de reconstrução do LCA. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to radiologically evaluate the femoral tunnel position in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions using the isometric and anatomical techniques. METHODS: a prospective analytical study was conducted on patients undergoing ACL reconstruction by mean [...] s of the isometric and anatomical techniques, using grafts from the knee flexor tendons or patellar tendon. Twenty-eight patients were recruited during the immediate postoperative period, at the knee surgery outpatient clinic of FCMMG-HUSJ. Radiographs of the operated knee were produced in anteroposterior (AP) view with the patient standing on both feet and in lateral view with 30? of flexion. The lines were traced out and the distances and angles were measured on the lateral radiograph to evaluate the sagittal plane. The distance from the center of the screw to the posterior cortical bone of the lateral condyle was measured and divided by the Blumensaat line. In relation to the height of the screw, the distance from the center of the screw to the joint surface of the lateral condyle of the knee was measured. On the AP radiograph, evaluating the coronal plane, the angle between the anatomical axis of the femur and a line traced at the center of the screw was measured. RESULTS: with regard to the p measurement (posteriorization of the interference screw), the tests showed that the p-value (0.4213) was greater than the significance level used (0.05); the null hypothesis was not rejected and it could be stated that there was no statistically significant difference between the anatomical and isometric techniques

  8. Recurrent simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyung A; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, and Institute of Oral Bio Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    Cysts of the mandibular condyle are rare and can be difficult to diagnose and treat. Clinically, a simple bone cyst is asymptomatic and often discovered incidentally on routine radiographic examination. This report shows an atypical simple bone cyst occurring in the mandibular condyle showing recurrence after surgical curettage. Radiologically, this lesion involving the mandibular condyle should be distinguished from other similar lesions such as a chondriome, a central giant cell granuloma, and an aneurysmal bone cyst. Radiographic assessment was useful for forecasting the prognosis of a simple bone cyst. Possible reasons for the recurrence were discussed radiographically.

  9. Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: an unusual case of dentofacial asymmetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, Andrew; Carter, Lachlan

    2015-05-01

    An osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is a rare tumour of the maxillofacial region that could first present to the general dental practitioner. This case report describes an osteochondroma of the posterio-medial mandibular condyle presenting with marked facial asymmetry and trismus over a six- month period. Appropriate referral and investigation enabled successful removal of the tumour, recontouring of the condyle and an uncomplicated, positive outcome for our patient. Clinical Relevance: Temporomandibular joint disorders can be a cause of dento-facial asymmetry. Pathology of the temporomandibular joint should be considered in the differential diagnosis when such a patient presents. PMID:26062262

  10. Estudo morfométrico da fossa intercondilar femoral em joelhos com e sem lesão do ligamento cruzado anterior (L.C.A., através da aplicação de um software sobre imagens radiográficas digitalizadas Morphometric study of the femoral intercondylar notch of knees with and without injuries of anterior cruciate ligament (A.C.L., by the use of software in digitalized radiographic images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Os autores sugerem a aplicação de um software sobre imagens radiográficas digitalizadas para análise morfométrica da fossa intercondilar e dos côndilos femorais. O programa permite o tracejamento de linhas guias que facilitam a mensuração da extremidade distal do fêmur. Foram analisadas 39 radiografias simples da fossa intercondilar femoral dos joelhos direito e esquerdo, obtidas de indivíduos do sexo masculino reunidos em grupo normal (n=23 e grupo lesionado (n=16. A média de idade da amostra foi de 26,56 anos. As variáveis analisadas foram largura bicondilar femoral, larguras da fossa intercondilar ao nível do sulco poplíteo e da base da fossa, a altura da fossa intercondilar e a largura do côndilo femoral lateral. A fossa intercondilar foi classificada quanto ao formato em cônica, circular e retangular. Os resultados encontrados sugerem que a largura da base da fossa e a largura do côndilo femoral lateral seriam fatores de risco importantes na lesão do L.C.A. Os valores médios das variáveis analisadas aproximam-se dos descritos na literatura especializada em mensurações diretas em peças cadavéricas e ressonância nuclear magnética e demonstram que a aplicação de um software sobre as imagens radiográficas digitalizadas proporciona uma mensuração confiável, mesmo utilizando-se de imagens radiográficas simples e de baixo custo.The authors suggest the use of software in digitalized radiographic images to morphometric analysis of the intercondylar notch and the femoral condyles. The software allows the draw of guide lines which facilitate the measurement of the distal extremity of femur. Thirty-nine radiographic simple has been analyzed of femoral intercondylar notch of right and left knees, of male sex individuals collected into normal (n=23 and injured (n=16 groups. The age average was 26-56 years old.The analyzed variable had been femoral bicondylar width, widths of intercondylar notch to the level of the popliteal groove and the notch base, intercondylar notch height and the width of lateral femoral condyle. The intercondylar notch was classified according to its shape into conical , circular and rectangular. The results suggest that the base width of the notch and the width of the femoral condyle would be important risk factors of the injury of A.C.L. The average range of analyzed variables are near to the ones described in the specialized literature in direct measurements in corpse pieces and magnetic resonance imaging and demonstrate that the use of a software in digitalized radiographic images provides a realiable measurement, even if simple and low cost radiographic images are used.

  11. Estudo morfométrico da fossa intercondilar femoral em joelhos com e sem lesão do ligamento cruzado anterior (L.C.A.), através da aplicação de um software sobre imagens radiográficas digitalizadas / Morphometric study of the femoral intercondylar notch of knees with and without injuries of anterior cruciate ligament (A.C.L.), by the use of software in digitalized radiographic images

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rita di Cássia de Oliveira, Angelo; Sílvia Regina Arruda de, Moraes; Luciano Carvalho, Suruagy; Tetsuo, Tashiro; Helena Medeiros, Costa.

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Os autores sugerem a aplicação de um software sobre imagens radiográficas digitalizadas para análise morfométrica da fossa intercondilar e dos côndilos femorais. O programa permite o tracejamento de linhas guias que facilitam a mensuração da extremidade distal do fêmur. Foram analisadas 39 radiograf [...] ias simples da fossa intercondilar femoral dos joelhos direito e esquerdo, obtidas de indivíduos do sexo masculino reunidos em grupo normal (n=23) e grupo lesionado (n=16). A média de idade da amostra foi de 26,56 anos. As variáveis analisadas foram largura bicondilar femoral, larguras da fossa intercondilar ao nível do sulco poplíteo e da base da fossa, a altura da fossa intercondilar e a largura do côndilo femoral lateral. A fossa intercondilar foi classificada quanto ao formato em cônica, circular e retangular. Os resultados encontrados sugerem que a largura da base da fossa e a largura do côndilo femoral lateral seriam fatores de risco importantes na lesão do L.C.A. Os valores médios das variáveis analisadas aproximam-se dos descritos na literatura especializada em mensurações diretas em peças cadavéricas e ressonância nuclear magnética e demonstram que a aplicação de um software sobre as imagens radiográficas digitalizadas proporciona uma mensuração confiável, mesmo utilizando-se de imagens radiográficas simples e de baixo custo. Abstract in english The authors suggest the use of software in digitalized radiographic images to morphometric analysis of the intercondylar notch and the femoral condyles. The software allows the draw of guide lines which facilitate the measurement of the distal extremity of femur. Thirty-nine radiographic simple has [...] been analyzed of femoral intercondylar notch of right and left knees, of male sex individuals collected into normal (n=23) and injured (n=16) groups. The age average was 26-56 years old.The analyzed variable had been femoral bicondylar width, widths of intercondylar notch to the level of the popliteal groove and the notch base, intercondylar notch height and the width of lateral femoral condyle. The intercondylar notch was classified according to its shape into conical , circular and rectangular. The results suggest that the base width of the notch and the width of the femoral condyle would be important risk factors of the injury of A.C.L. The average range of analyzed variables are near to the ones described in the specialized literature in direct measurements in corpse pieces and magnetic resonance imaging and demonstrate that the use of a software in digitalized radiographic images provides a realiable measurement, even if simple and low cost radiographic images are used.

  12. Posterior fossa malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shekdar, Karuna

    2011-06-01

    Understanding embryologic development of the cerebellum and the 4th ventricle is essential for understanding posterior fossa malformations. Posterior fossa malformations can be conveniently classified into those that have a large posterior fossa and those with normal or small posterior fossa. Disorders associated with a large posterior fossa include classic Dandy-Walker malformation, Blake's pouch cyst, mega cisterna magna, and posterior fossa arachnoid cyst. Disorders associated with normal or small posterior fossa include Dandy-Walker variant, Joubert syndrome, tecto-cerebellar dysraphia, rhombencephalosynapsis, the neocerebellar hypoplasias, and cerebellar atrophy. Neuro-imaging features should enable the imager to provide the referring physician a logical approach to these complex posterior fossa malformations. PMID:21596278

  13. Acquired posterior keratoconus.

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, R.

    1987-01-01

    A case of acquired posterior keratoconus is presented. As in developmental cases the vision was moderately reduced and the condition was not progressive. Posterior keratoconus is usually developmental in origin, but trauma has been implicated in some cases.

  14. Neuropatía femoral post-histerectomía abdominal: informe de 2 casos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sing-Hung, Chang; Herman, Montvelisky.

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available La neuropatía femoral, como complicación quirúrgica de la cirugía pélvica, se debe al uso inadecuado de los auto-retractores adbominales. No obstante el buen pronóstico en la mayoría de los casos, no deja de ocasionar una incapacidad temporal frustrante en la paciente. Conociendo la anatomía y la et [...] iopatogenia, se pueden aplicar medidas simples que permiten evitar por completo esta complicación. En la presente comunicación, se reportan 2 casos de neuropatía femoral posterior a histerectomía adbominal y se incluye una breve revisión bibliográfica. Abstract in english Femoral neuropath following abdominal-pelvic surgery is due to the improper use of self-retaining retractores. Although complete recovery from the injury is the rule, the patient does undergo a disturbing period of physical disability. By understanding the anatomy and etiology and applying simple pr [...] eventive measures, the physician can completly avoid this complication. We report 2 cases of femoral neuropathy after abdominal hysterectomy and include a brief review of the sudject.

  15. Escleritis posterior bilateral / Bilateral posterior scleritis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Zurutuza; J., Andonegui; L., Berástegui; N., Arruti.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La escleritis posterior es un proceso inflamatorio de la parte posterior de la esclera. Su prevalencia es muy baja y el diagnóstico puede resultar complicado por la ausencia de signos oculares externos. Es más frecuente en mujeres. Cuando aparece en pacientes jóvenes no suele tener otras patologías [...] asociadas, pero en mayores de 55 años hasta un tercio de los casos tienen relación con alguna enfermedad sistémica, sobre todo la artritis reumatoide. El diagnóstico de esta patología puede requerir un abordaje multidisciplinar y la colaboración de oftalmólogos con neurólogos, internistas o reumatólogos. En este artículo se describe un caso de escleritis posterior bilateral idiopática. Abstract in english Posterior scleritis is an inflammatory process of the posterior part of the sclera. Its prevalence is very low and its diagnosis can be complicated due to the absence of external ocular signs. It is more frequent in women. In young patients it does not usually have other associated pathologies, but [...] in those over 55 years nearly one-third of the cases have a relation with some systemic disease, above all rheumatoid arthritis. The diagnosis of this pathology can require a multidisciplinary approach and the collaboration of ophthalmologists with neurologists, internists or rheumatologists. This article describes a case of idiopathic bilateral posterior scleritis.

  16. Escleritis posterior bilateral Bilateral posterior scleritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zurutuza

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La escleritis posterior es un proceso inflamatorio de la parte posterior de la esclera. Su prevalencia es muy baja y el diagnóstico puede resultar complicado por la ausencia de signos oculares externos. Es más frecuente en mujeres. Cuando aparece en pacientes jóvenes no suele tener otras patologías asociadas, pero en mayores de 55 años hasta un tercio de los casos tienen relación con alguna enfermedad sistémica, sobre todo la artritis reumatoide. El diagnóstico de esta patología puede requerir un abordaje multidisciplinar y la colaboración de oftalmólogos con neurólogos, internistas o reumatólogos. En este artículo se describe un caso de escleritis posterior bilateral idiopática.Posterior scleritis is an inflammatory process of the posterior part of the sclera. Its prevalence is very low and its diagnosis can be complicated due to the absence of external ocular signs. It is more frequent in women. In young patients it does not usually have other associated pathologies, but in those over 55 years nearly one-third of the cases have a relation with some systemic disease, above all rheumatoid arthritis. The diagnosis of this pathology can require a multidisciplinary approach and the collaboration of ophthalmologists with neurologists, internists or rheumatologists. This article describes a case of idiopathic bilateral posterior scleritis.

  17. Serial femoral arteriography in Buerger's disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Femoral arteriography has assumed in recent years a greater clinical and surgical significance, especially since the advent of arterial grafting for occlusive arterial disease. Evaluation of the site and extent of occlusion, the state of distal arterial tree and degree of collateral circulation can best be obtained by serialographic studies. Authors analyzed 28 cases of clinically and radiologically diagnosed Buerger's disease in GURO hospital radiology, College of medicine, Korea University, during last 6 months from March to August 1984. The result are as follows; 1. The age distribution were between 20 and 50 years old, and most commonly involved age group was 20-29. 2. The most frequent finding was the obstruction of peripheral artery with or without collateral vessel and almost all patient had occlusion more than 1 segmental branch. 3. The most frequently involved arteries in Buerger's disease were trifurcation area below the knee joint, anterior and posterior tibial artery and peroneal artery. Peroneal artery was less commonly involved than anterior or posterior tibial artery

  18. Pullulan/dextran/nHA Macroporous Composite Beads for Bone Repair in a Femoral Condyle Defect in Rats

    OpenAIRE

    Schlaubitz, Silke; Derkaoui, Sidi Mohammed; Marosa, Lydia; Miraux, Sylvain; Renard, Martine; Catros, Sylvain; Le Visage, Catherine; Letourneur, Didier; Amédée, Joëlle; Fricain, Jean-Christophe

    2014-01-01

    The repair of bone defects is of particular interest for orthopedic, oral, maxillofacial, and dental surgery. Bone loss requiring reconstruction is conventionally addressed through bone grafting. Depending on the size and the location of the defect, this method has limits and risks. Biomaterials can offer an alternative and have features supporting bone repair. Here, we propose to evaluate the cellular penetration and bone formation of new macroporous beads based on pullulan/dextran that has ...

  19. Total Knee Replacement for Women

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... osteotome. I want to allow for some external rotation of my femoral component, and I do that ... give me a degree or two of external rotation when I use my posterior condyles as a ...

  20. Total Knee Replacement for Women

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... flap, which will be important for closure. When these tend to drain postoperatively, they tend to drain ... for the distal femoral resection guide is making these parallel to the posterior condyle. Now, Ken, are ...

  1. Femoral pseudoaneurysms in drug addicts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levi-Mazloum, Niels Donald; Rørdam, Peter; Jensen, L P; Schroeder, T V

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of treatment of femoral pseudoaneurysms in drug addicts. METHODS: The records of eight patients undergoing vascular surgery for femoral pseudoaneurysms from substance abuse identified from a vascular database were reviewed. RESULTS: Were good in four out of five patients who had a primary vascular reconstruction. Two out of two patients who had a triple ligation of their aneurysms had claudication postoperatively. One patient presenting with thrombosis had a hi...

  2. Posterior knee pain

    OpenAIRE

    English, S.; Perret, D.

    2010-01-01

    Posterior knee pain is a common patient complaint. There are broad differential diagnoses of posterior knee pain ranging from common causes such as injury to the musculotendinous structures to less common causes such as osteochondroma. A precise understanding of knee anatomy, the physical examination, and of the differential diagnosis is needed to accurately evaluate and treat posterior knee pain. This article provides a review of the anatomy and important aspects of the history and physical ...

  3. Cerulean posterior capsule opacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Miran; Oetting, Thomas A

    2007-09-01

    We present a case of light-blue posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in a patient who had cerulean cataracts removed 1 year earlier. The color of the PCO was similar to that of the cerulean cataracts prior to extraction. Posterior capsule opacification is a common complication after cataract surgery; however, we could not find a similar case of cerulean posterior capsule opacity in the literature. The findings in this case suggest that the mechanism of the light-blue color formation in the cataract was also present in the lens epithelial cells forming the posterior capsule opacity. PMID:17720089

  4. Posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Colleen F; Brigger, Matthew T

    2015-01-01

    Posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation is a useful technique in selected patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency who have a small central velopharyngeal gap. Options for augmenting this region include using posterior pharyngeal wall flaps to create bulk and implanting various materials to fill in the central deficiency. Autologous and nonautologous implant materials are available and may be implanted through an incision or directly injected into the posterior pharyngeal wall. Previously described materials for implantation include cartilage, fat, fascia, silicone, acellular dermis, polytetrafluoroethylene, and calcium hydroxyapatite. Patient evaluation and surgical techniques for posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation are described. PMID:25733235

  5. Nontraumatic bifid mandibular condyles in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint subjects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bifid mandibular condyles (BMCs) in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) subjects with no traumatic history, and to assess their impact on clinical and radiographic manifestations of TMJ. A total of 3,046 asymptomatic and 4,378 symptomatic patients were included in the study. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were reviewed for bifid condyles. T-tests were used to compare the frequency of BMCs when stratified by symptom, gender, and side. In BMC patients, the clinical features of pain and noise, osseous changes, and parasagittal positioning of the condyles were compared between the normally shaped condyle side and the BMC side using chi-squared tests. Fifteen (0.49%) asymptomatic and 22 (0.50%) symptomatic patients were found to have BMCs. Among the bilateral cases, the number of condyles were 19 (0.31%) and 25 (0.29%), respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients, between female and male patients, or between the right and left sides (p>0.05). Compared with the normally shaped condyle side, the BMC side showed no statistically significant differences in the distribution of pain and noise, parasagittal condylar position, or condylar osseous changes, with the exception of osteophytes. In the symptomatic group, osteophytes were found more frequently on the normally shaped condyle side than the BMC side (p<0.05). BMCs tended to be identified as an incidental finding. The presence of BMC would not lead to any TMJ symptoms or cause osseous changes.

  6. Nontraumatic bifid mandibular condyles in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint subjects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bifid mandibular condyles (BMCs) in asymptomatic and symptomatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) subjects with no traumatic history, and to assess their impact on clinical and radiographic manifestations of TMJ. A total of 3,046 asymptomatic and 4,378 symptomatic patients were included in the study. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were reviewed for bifid condyles. T-tests were used to compare the frequency of BMCs when stratified by symptom, gender, and side. In BMC patients, the clinical features of pain and noise, osseous changes, and parasagittal positioning of the condyles were compared between the normally shaped condyle side and the BMC side using chi-squared tests. Fifteen (0.49%) asymptomatic and 22 (0.50%) symptomatic patients were found to have BMCs. Among the bilateral cases, the number of condyles were 19 (0.31%) and 25 (0.29%), respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients, between female and male patients, or between the right and left sides (p>0.05). Compared with the normally shaped condyle side, the BMC side showed no statistically significant differences in the distribution of pain and noise, parasagittal condylar position, or condylar osseous changes, with the exception of osteophytes. In the symptomatic group, osteophytes were found more frequently on the normally shaped condyle side than the BMC side (p<0.05). BMCs tended to be identified as an incidental finding. The presence of BMC would not lead to any TMJ symptoms or cause osseous changes.

  7. Does mismatch of the femoral component aspect ratio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIA Yu-tao

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ?Abstract?Objective: To study whether the range of knee flexion (ROF is affected by geometrical mismatch of the femoral component and the resultant change in the pos-terior condylar offset (PCO after high-flexion posterior-sta-bilized total knee arthroplasty (TKA. Methods: One hundred osteoarthritic patients (50 males and 50 females underwent femoral osteotomy by the ante-rior referencing technique. The PCO for each patient was measured from lateral radiographs before, during and 2 years after TKA. The thickness of the joint cartilage was mea-sured by magnetic resonance imaging before TKA and added onto the radiographic measurement. The relationship be-tween changes in the PCO and improvements in the ROF before, during and 2 years after TKA were statistically analyzed. Results: Compared with the preoperative value, the PCO was reduced by (3.45±3.28 mm after TKA, with a sig-nificantly larger reduction observed in female patients than male patients (P<0.05. When examining the subject popu-lation as a whole, there was a significant positive correla-tion between PCO and ROF improvement during TKA (P< 0.05, but this improvement was not maintained 2 years after TKA (P>0.05. However, when male and female patients were analyzed separately, there was a significant positive corre-lation between PCO change and ROF improvement for both sexes at both time points (all P<0.05. Conclusions: Restoration of PCO plays an important role in the optimization of knee flexion even after posterior-stabilized TKA. Femoral components based on Caucasian anatomic characteristics could not match the native anatomy of distal femurs in Chinese population especially female Chinese. Rotated resection of distal femur with anterior re-ferencing technique usually leads to a decreased PCO and therefore reduces maximal obtainable flexion. Key words: Arthroplasty, replacement, knee; Pros-thesis design; Range of motion, articular; Femur

  8. Traumatic posterior dislocation of the hip in a 3-year-old child.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Forde, James C

    2012-02-01

    We report the case of a traumatic posterior dislocation of the hip in a 3-year-old boy. After a fall in the garden, the boy was brought to our emergency department where an x-ray confirmed a posterior dislocation of his right hip. A successful prompt reduction was performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. This uncommon injury represents an orthopedic emergency and requires prompt reduction to lessen the risk of complications including avascular necrosis of the femoral head.

  9. Posterior shoulder approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norwood, L A; Matiko, J A; Terry, G C

    1985-12-01

    A posterior shoulder surgical approach combines the subperiosteal detachment of the deltoid from the scapular spine, described by McWhorter, with a lateral extension to include the lateral deltoid splitting of Codman. The glenohumeral joint is superiorly approached between the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons, or inferiorly between the infraspinatus and teres minor tendons. This approach was used in 42 shoulders with rotator cuff tears or posterior instability without complications of infection, failure of deltoid healing, or compromise of suprascapular or axillary nerves. This combined surgical approach provides excellent exposure of the superior and posterior shoulder, which is difficult to obtain by anterior or superior approaches. This approach may be used for repair of rotator cuff tears, posterior instability, and displaced posterior glenoid fractures. PMID:4064401

  10. Assessment of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions by cone beam computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are many limitations to image acquisition, using conventional radiography, of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region. The Computed Tomography (CT) scan is a better option, due to its higher accuracy, for purposes of diagnosis, surgical planning and treatment of bone injuries. The aim of the present study was to analyze two protocols of cone beam computed tomography for the evaluation of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions. Spherical lesions were simulated in 30 dry mandibular condyles, using dentist drills and drill bits sizes 1, 3 and 6. Each of the mandibular condyles was submitted to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) using two protocols: axial, coronal and sagittal multiplanar reconstruction (MPR); and sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis of the mandibular condyles. For these protocols, 2 observers analyzed the CBCT images independently, regarding the presence or not of injuries. Only one of the observers, however, performed on 2 different occasions. The results were compared to the gold standard, evaluating the percentage of agreement, degree of accuracy of CBCT protocols and observers' examination. The z test was used for the statistical analysis. The results showed there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 protocols. There was greater difficulty in the assessment of small-size simulated lesions (drill no.1). From the results of this study, it can be concluded that CBCT is an accurate tool for analyzing mandibular condyle bone lesions, with the MPR protocol showing slightly better results than the sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis. (author)

  11. A comparison of transcranial with panoramic TMJ radiographs to assess the movement of the mandibular condyle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Jong Hwa; Kim, Jae Duk; Kim, Jin Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    To evaluate the difference of the movement of the mandibular condyles between transcranial and panoramic TMJ radiographs to view the movement of the mandibular condyles. Thirty-four paired transcranial and panoramic TMJ radiographs of patients were used to evaluate the movement of the mandibular condyle. The distances, from the most superior point of the mandibular condyle to the most inferior point of the articular eminence on both radiographs, were measured. The measurements were taken at closed state and maximum opening state of each radiograph on both side. Differences between matched pairs were analysed by paired t-test, with significance established at P<0.05. The mean distance, from the most superior point of the mandibular condyle to the most inferior point of the articular eminence on both radiographs, was statistically different at each side (P<0.05). At closing state, the mean distance measured on panoramic TMJ radiographs was longer than on transcranial radiographs (0.85 mm at right side, 1.20 mm at left side). But at maximum opening state, the mean distance on transcranial radiographs was longer (1.00 mm at right side, 0.62 mm at left side) than panoramic TMJ radiographs.

  12. Assessment of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions by cone beam computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Alexandre Perez; Perrella, Andreia; Arita, Emiko Saito; Pereira, Marlene Fenyo Soeiro de Matos; Cavalcanti, Marcelo de Gusmao Paraiso, E-mail: alexperez34@gmail.co [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Dept. de Estomatologia

    2010-10-15

    There are many limitations to image acquisition, using conventional radiography, of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region. The Computed Tomography (CT) scan is a better option, due to its higher accuracy, for purposes of diagnosis, surgical planning and treatment of bone injuries. The aim of the present study was to analyze two protocols of cone beam computed tomography for the evaluation of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions. Spherical lesions were simulated in 30 dry mandibular condyles, using dentist drills and drill bits sizes 1, 3 and 6. Each of the mandibular condyles was submitted to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) using two protocols: axial, coronal and sagittal multiplanar reconstruction (MPR); and sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis of the mandibular condyles. For these protocols, 2 observers analyzed the CBCT images independently, regarding the presence or not of injuries. Only one of the observers, however, performed on 2 different occasions. The results were compared to the gold standard, evaluating the percentage of agreement, degree of accuracy of CBCT protocols and observers' examination. The z test was used for the statistical analysis. The results showed there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 protocols. There was greater difficulty in the assessment of small-size simulated lesions (drill no.1). From the results of this study, it can be concluded that CBCT is an accurate tool for analyzing mandibular condyle bone lesions, with the MPR protocol showing slightly better results than the sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis. (author)

  13. Assessment of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions by cone beam computed tomography

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alexandre Perez, Marques; Andréia, Perrella; Emiko Saito, Arita; Marlene Fenyo Soeiro de Matos, Pereira; Marcelo de Gusmão Paraíso, Cavalcanti.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many limitations to image acquisition, using conventional radiography, of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region. The Computed Tomography (CT) scan is a better option, due to its higher accuracy, for purposes of diagnosis, surgical planning and treatment of bone injuries. The aim of the [...] present study was to analyze two protocols of cone beam computed tomography for the evaluation of simulated mandibular condyle bone lesions. Spherical lesions were simulated in 30 dry mandibular condyles, using dentist drills and drill bits sizes 1, 3 and 6. Each of the mandibular condyles was submitted to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) using two protocols: 1) axial, coronal and sagittal multiplanar reconstruction (MPR); and 2) sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis of the mandibular condyles. For these protocols, 2 observers analyzed the CBCT images independently, regarding the presence or not of injuries. Only one of the observers, however, performed on 2 different occasions. The results were compared to the gold standard, evaluating the percentage of agreement, degree of accuracy of CBCT protocols and observers' examination. The z test was used for the statistical analysis. The results showed there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 protocols. There was greater difficulty in the assessment of small-size simulated lesions (drill # 1). From the results of this study, it can be concluded that CBCT is an accurate tool for analyzing mandibular condyle bone lesions, with the MPR protocol showing slightly better results than the sagittal plus coronal slices throughout the longitudinal axis.

  14. MR imaging of posterior cruciate ligament injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Young Ja; Park, Yang Hee; Lee, Jee Yean; Jee, Keum Nahn; Lee, Kyung Hee [National Police Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-11-15

    There is increasing awareness of the clinical importance of early detection and treatment of posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) injury. We evaluate the usefulness of Magnetic resonance(MR) imaging in the diagnosis of PCL injury. We retrospectively analysed the MR images of 140 cases with clinically suspected knee injury. Arthroscopic or surgical correlation was available in 63 cases. We observed the finding and extent of PCL injury and other associated abnormalities. The frequency of anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligament was evaluated. Eleven PCL injuries were observed, six midsubstance tears, two tibial attachment tears, two femoral attachment tear, one laxity. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MR imaging diagnosis are 100%, 98.1%, 98.4%. MR findings of PCL injury are discontinuity and focal mass formation, irregular increased signal intensity, detachment or redundancy of the ligament with avulsed bony fragment. In all cases of injured PCL, other associated abnormalities of adjacent structures were observed. Accessory anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligaments were observed in 67.4%(87/129). MR imaging is useful in evaluation of presence or absence of PCL injury, accurate extent of PCL injury and other important associated abnormalities of adjacent structures.

  15. MR imaging of posterior cruciate ligament injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is increasing awareness of the clinical importance of early detection and treatment of posterior cruciate ligament(PCL) injury. We evaluate the usefulness of Magnetic resonance(MR) imaging in the diagnosis of PCL injury. We retrospectively analysed the MR images of 140 cases with clinically suspected knee injury. Arthroscopic or surgical correlation was available in 63 cases. We observed the finding and extent of PCL injury and other associated abnormalities. The frequency of anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligament was evaluated. Eleven PCL injuries were observed, six midsubstance tears, two tibial attachment tears, two femoral attachment tear, one laxity. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MR imaging diagnosis are 100%, 98.1%, 98.4%. MR findings of PCL injury are discontinuity and focal mass formation, irregular increased signal intensity, detachment or redundancy of the ligament with avulsed bony fragment. In all cases of injured PCL, other associated abnormalities of adjacent structures were observed. Accessory anterior and posterior meniscofemoral ligaments were observed in 67.4%(87/129). MR imaging is useful in evaluation of presence or absence of PCL injury, accurate extent of PCL injury and other important associated abnormalities of adjacent structures

  16. Percutaneous femoral derotational osteotomy for excessive femoral torsion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei-Dan, Omer; McConkey, Mark O; Bravman, Jonathan T; Young, David A; Pascual-Garrido, Cecilia

    2014-04-01

    Femoral derotational osteotomy is an acceptable treatment for excessive femoral torsion. The described procedure is a minimally invasive single-incision technique based on an intramedullary saw that enables an inside-out osteotomy, preserving the periosteum and biological activity in the local bone and soft tissue. After the osteotomy is complete and correction is achieved, an expandable intramedullary nail is used to achieve immediate stability, without the need for locking screws. Indications, tips, and pitfalls related to this novel osteotomy technique are discussed. PMID:24762832

  17. Femoral anteversion is correlated with acetabular version and coverage in Asian women with anterior and global deficient subgroups of hip dysplasia: a CT study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akiyama, Mio; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Fujii, Masanori; Sato, Taishi; Yamamoto, Takuaki; Mawatari, Taro; Motomura, Goro; Matsuda, Shuichi; Iwamoto, Yukihide [Kyushu University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2012-11-15

    Morphological correlation between the acetabulum and femur at the hip joint is still controversial. We tested the hypothesis that femoral anteversion correlates with acetabular version and coverage in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Using pelvic computed tomography (CT) images of 79 hips in 49 Asian women with DDH and 49 normal hips, we measured femoral anteversion, the axial and vertical acetabular version and the acetabular sector angle (ASA) to demarcate femoral head coverage. Depending on the location of the acetabular bone defect, dysplastic hips were divided into three subgroups: the anterior, global and posterior deficiency groups. We performed a comparative analysis between dysplastic and normal hips using the Wilcoxon rank sum test, and a relative analysis between femoral anteversion and acetabular measurements in dysplastic hips using Pearson's correlation coefficient. The amount of femoral anteversion in dysplastic hips was greater and more variable than in normal hips (p < 0.0001, p = 0.0277 respectively). Femoral anteversion in dysplastic hips correlated significantly with acetabular anteversion in the groups with anterior and global deficiency subgroups (p < 0.05, r = 0.2990, p < 0.05, r = 0.451 respectively), but not with the posterior deficiency subgroup. Femoral anteversion also correlated with vertical acetabular version. When acetabular coverage was examined, significant correlations were noted between femoral anteversion and anterior and superior coverage, but not with posterior coverage. These correlations were not observed in normal hips. Our results showed significantly greater and more variable femoral anteversion in DDH, and a significant correlation between femoral anteversion and acetabular version and coverage in DDH with anterior and global acetabular bone deficiency. (orig.)

  18. Posterior polar cataracts: a predisposition to intraoperative posterior capsular rupture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osher, R H; Yu, B C; Koch, D D

    1990-03-01

    We performed phacoemulsification or planned extracapsular cataract extraction on posterior polar cataracts in 31 eyes of 22 patients and experienced eight cases of posterior capsular rupture (26%). Capsular rupture occurred during removal of the posterior polar opacity or during cleaning of the posterior capsule after the opacity had been removed. We believe that excessive adherence of the opacity to the posterior capsule and unusual thinness of the capsule predisposed these eyes to posterior capsular rupture. PMID:2329471

  19. Femoral varus: what's the angle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miles, James Edward; Svalastoga, Eiliv Lars

    Agreement and reliability of femoral varus measurements: a comparison of four techniques Three different techniques have been described for measuring femoral varus radiographically in the dog, but how the measurements from these techniques compare is unknown. Further, measurement reliability has only been assessed for one technique. Seven grossly normal right femora were radiographed with the diaphysis positioned horizontally and inclined at both 12.5° and 25° to the horizontal. Radiographs were blinded, randomised and read twice by one observer using ImageJ. Using coordinate data, varus angles were calculated using Microsoft Excel for the three previously reported techniques and a novel method, which we believed would be more reliable. Reliability between readings was assessed using the within-subject standard deviation and repeatability coefficient, and the effect of angulation on varus measurement was assessed using a mixed model ANOVA. Two of the reported techniques varied significantly (P<.05) with femoral angulation, increasing by approximately 2° from horizontal to 25° angulation. At 25° femoral angulation the novel technique differed significantly (nearly 2°, P<.05) from one of the reported techniques, but otherwise results were similar for all methods. Although we hypothesised that the novel method would be more reliable than the other techniques, all values for the within-subject standard deviation and repeatability coefficient were broadly similar. Graphically, the novel method appeared to vary least with femoral angulation in this population, and its simplicity may offer advantages for clinical use. In the absence of an absolute cut-off for surgical intervention for femoral varus, none of the observed differences are necessarily clinically significant.

  20. Arteriosclerotic femoral artery aneurysms. A short review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levi, N; Schroeder, T V

    1997-01-01

    True arteriosclerotic aneurysms of the femoral artery are rare but they are dangerous lesions that may thrombose, embolise or rupture. They are often bilateral and frequently the patient has other aneurysms in the abdominal aortic or popliteal artery. True femoral aneurysms were originally classified by Cutler and Darling in 1973 as type 1 and type 2 according to their relationship to the common femoral bifurcation. Case reports of isolated superficial and profunda femoral artery aneurysms have ...

  1. Treatment of neglected femoral neck fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Anil K.; Mukunth, R; Srivastava, Amit

    2015-01-01

    Intra-capsular femoral neck fractures are seen commonly in elderly people following a low energy trauma. Femoral neck fracture has a devastating effect on the blood supply of the femoral head, which is directly proportional to the severity of trauma and displacement of the fracture. Various authors have described a wide array of options for treatment of neglected/nonunion (NU) femoral neck fracture. There is lack of consensus in general, regarding the best option. This Instructional course ar...

  2. Bilateral Femoral Neck Fracture-Related Hyperparathyroidism

    OpenAIRE

    Naci Ezirmik; Kadri Yildiz; Kenan Cadirci

    2011-01-01

    Bilateral femoral neck fracture is not common as unilateral femoral fracture. Femoral neck fracture generally occurs by the high energized traumas. Traffic accidents and fallings are the most common reason for this fracture kind. But suddenly and minor traumatic fractures is not common. Especially, in the hormonal and pathogenic fractures is not common. In this case minor traumatic bilateral femoral fracture is presented. The fracture occurs in the background of critical medical condition by ...

  3. Morphological changes of the mandibular condyle in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder using magnetic resonance imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The morphological changes of the mandibular condyle in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder were studied. The subjects were 420 patients (103 males and 317 females, 8 to 80 years of age, mean age 39.8 years) who were clinically diagnosed as temporomandibular joint disorder. MR imaging was performed with a GE-Signa 1.5 Tesla MR imaging system using the body coil as a transmitter and 3-inch bilateral surface coils. The patients were examined by a multiplanar gradient echo technique in a closed-loop cine fashion on both sagittal and coronal planes. The results obtained were as follows: 1) Morphological changes of the mandibular condyle were detected in 47.0% of the patients. The predominant morphological changes were then formation of osteophyte and marginal proliferation (65.8%). 2) The incidence of morphological changes in the mandubular condyle did not show any significant difference between male and female, and tended to be higher in patients over 40 years of age, and the incidence in patients under 20 years of age was lower, compared to that in patients from 20 to 39 years of age. 3) The incidence of morphological changes in patients with anterior disk displacement without reduction was higher than in those with anterior disk displacement with reduction (P<0.001). The incidence of morphological changes in patients with rotational disk displacement was higher than in those with medial disk displacement (P<0.001). 4) The anterior translation of mandibular condyle was influenced more by anterior disk displacement rather than by morphological changes. From these results. it is suggested that simultaneous bilateral condyle pseudodynamic MR imaging was useful in the diagnosis of internal derangement, evaluation of morphological changes and assessment of motional abnormality of the condyle. (author)

  4. Femoral pseudoaneurysms in drug addicts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levi-Mazloum, Niels Donald; RØrdam, Peter

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of treatment of femoral pseudoaneurysms in drug addicts. METHODS: The records of eight patients undergoing vascular surgery for femoral pseudoaneurysms from substance abuse identified from a vascular database were reviewed. RESULTS: Were good in four out of five patients who had a primary vascular reconstruction. Two out of two patients who had a triple ligation of their aneurysms had claudication postoperatively. One patient presenting with thrombosis had a hip-exarticulation following an unsuccessful thrombectomi. No death occurred in this series. CONCLUSION: Revascularisation at the time of resection of the pseudoaneurysm offers better prospects for limb function.

  5. Interpretation of mandibular condyle fractures using 2D- and 3D-computed tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Costa e Silva Adriana Paula de Andrade da; Antunes José Leopoldo Ferreira; Cavalcanti Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso

    2003-01-01

    Computed tomography (CT) has been increasingly used in the examination of patients with craniofacial trauma. This technique is useful in the examination of the temporomandibular joint and allows the diagnosis of fractures of the mandibular condyle. Aiming to verify whether the three-dimensional reconstructed images from CT (3D-CT) produce more effective visual information than the two-dimensional (2D-CT) ones, we evaluated 2D-CT and 3D-CT examinations of 18 patients with mandibular condyle fr...

  6. Osteochondroma (OC) of the Condyle of Left Mandible: A Rare Case

    OpenAIRE

    M., Harish; Manjunatha, Bhari Sharanesha; Kumar, Anoop N; Alavi, Yasin A

    2015-01-01

    Osteochondroma (OC) is one of the most common benign condylar tumours having both chondroma and osteoma. However, this tumour is most frequently found on the metaphyses of long bones and is unusual on the skull. When it affects the mandibular condyle, the cause could be due to trauma to the tempero mandibular joint (TMJ). Here, in this report we present a rare case of osteochondroma of left condyle region in a 36-year-old man. The patient had noticed pain in the left TMJ for six months. The l...

  7. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruciate ligament injury - posterior; PCL injury; Knee injury - posterior cruciate ligament (PCL); Hyperextended knee ... Honkamp NJ, Ranawat AS, Harner CD. Knee: Posterior cruciate ... Drez’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: ...

  8. Las Arterias Circunflejas Femorales en el Triángulo Femoral / The Circumflex Femoral Arteries in the Femoral Triangle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariano, del Sol; Iván, Suazo Galdames; Bélgica, Vásquez.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conocer el origen y distribución de las arterias circunflejas femorales (AaCF) en el hombre, es importante en el momento quirúrgico de la reconstrucción vascular. Se disecó el contenido del triángulo femoral en 92 miembros inferiores de cadáveres formolizados, adultos, de sexo masculino y diferentes [...] grupos étnicos, descubriéndose la arteria femoral (AF) y sus ramas originadas a nivel del triángulo femoral. Se localizó el origen de cada una de las AaCF determinándose el tipo y lugar de origen. La arteria circunfleja femoral medial (ACFM) se originó en 43 casos (46,7%) desde la AF; en 41 casos (44,6%) desde la arteria femoral profunda (AFP); en 7 casos (7,6%) en un tronco común formado por la AFP y AaCF y en un caso (1,1%) desde la arteria circunfleja femoral lateral (ACFL). La ACFM tenía en 75 casos (81,5%) un origen más proximal que la ACFL y en 9 casos (9,8%) su origen era al mismo nivel. La ACFL se originó en 68 casos (73,9%) desde la AFP; en 17 casos (18,5%) desde la AF; en 7 casos (7,6%) en un tronco común formado por la AFP y AaCF. El origen de la ACFL fue considerado independientemente si su ramo descendente se originaba desde ella o lo hacía desde la AF. Debido a la presencia de una serie de elementos nobles, conocer el origen preciso de las arterias y sus eventuales variaciones, adquiere especial importancia en los procedimientos realizados en la región. Abstract in english It is important to identify the origin and distribution of the circumflex femoral arteries (CFA) at the time of vascular reconstructive surgery. The femoral triangle contents in 92 lower extremities of formolized adult male cadavers of different ethnic groups, were dissected uncovering the femoral a [...] rtery (FA) and its branches originating at the level of the femoral triangle. The origin of each CFA was identified determining the origin type and location. The medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA) originated from the FA in 43 cases (46.7%); from the profunda femoris artery (PFA) in 41 cases (44.6%); from a common trunk formed by the PFA and CFA in 7 cases (7.6%), and in one case (1.1%) from the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA). In 75 cases (81.5%) the MCFA was most proximal than the LCFA, and in 9 cases (9.8%) it originated at the same level. The LCFA originated at the PFA in 68 cases (73.9%); from the FA in 17 cases (18.5%); from a common trunk formed by the PFA and CFA in 7 cases (7.6%). The origin of the LCFA was considered regardless, whether the descending branch originated therein or from the FA. Considering the presence of a number of important elements it is essential to identify the precise origin of the arteries and its eventual variations in procedures carried out in that area.

  9. Las Arterias Circunflejas Femorales en el Triángulo Femoral The Circumflex Femoral Arteries in the Femoral Triangle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano del Sol

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Conocer el origen y distribución de las arterias circunflejas femorales (AaCF en el hombre, es importante en el momento quirúrgico de la reconstrucción vascular. Se disecó el contenido del triángulo femoral en 92 miembros inferiores de cadáveres formolizados, adultos, de sexo masculino y diferentes grupos étnicos, descubriéndose la arteria femoral (AF y sus ramas originadas a nivel del triángulo femoral. Se localizó el origen de cada una de las AaCF determinándose el tipo y lugar de origen. La arteria circunfleja femoral medial (ACFM se originó en 43 casos (46,7% desde la AF; en 41 casos (44,6% desde la arteria femoral profunda (AFP; en 7 casos (7,6% en un tronco común formado por la AFP y AaCF y en un caso (1,1% desde la arteria circunfleja femoral lateral (ACFL. La ACFM tenía en 75 casos (81,5% un origen más proximal que la ACFL y en 9 casos (9,8% su origen era al mismo nivel. La ACFL se originó en 68 casos (73,9% desde la AFP; en 17 casos (18,5% desde la AF; en 7 casos (7,6% en un tronco común formado por la AFP y AaCF. El origen de la ACFL fue considerado independientemente si su ramo descendente se originaba desde ella o lo hacía desde la AF. Debido a la presencia de una serie de elementos nobles, conocer el origen preciso de las arterias y sus eventuales variaciones, adquiere especial importancia en los procedimientos realizados en la región.It is important to identify the origin and distribution of the circumflex femoral arteries (CFA at the time of vascular reconstructive surgery. The femoral triangle contents in 92 lower extremities of formolized adult male cadavers of different ethnic groups, were dissected uncovering the femoral artery (FA and its branches originating at the level of the femoral triangle. The origin of each CFA was identified determining the origin type and location. The medial circumflex femoral artery (MCFA originated from the FA in 43 cases (46.7%; from the profunda femoris artery (PFA in 41 cases (44.6%; from a common trunk formed by the PFA and CFA in 7 cases (7.6%, and in one case (1.1% from the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA. In 75 cases (81.5% the MCFA was most proximal than the LCFA, and in 9 cases (9.8% it originated at the same level. The LCFA originated at the PFA in 68 cases (73.9%; from the FA in 17 cases (18.5%; from a common trunk formed by the PFA and CFA in 7 cases (7.6%. The origin of the LCFA was considered regardless, whether the descending branch originated therein or from the FA. Considering the presence of a number of important elements it is essential to identify the precise origin of the arteries and its eventual variations in procedures carried out in that area.

  10. Avaliação por tomografia computadorizada helicoidal dos efeitos da expansão rápida da maxila no posicionamento condilar em pacientes com mordida cruzada posterior funcional Evaluation with helicoidal computed tomography of rapid maxillary expansion effects in the condylar position of patients with functional posterior crossbite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgard Norões Rodrigues da Matta

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: este estudo clínico avaliou, por meio da tomografia computadorizada helicoidal, os efeitos da expansão rápida da maxila no posicionamento condilar de pacientes com mordida cruzada posterior funcional na fase da dentadura mista. MÉTODOS: dez pacientes com faixa etária entre os 7 anos e 2 meses e os 11 anos e 2 meses - apresentando mordida cruzada posterior funcional, com desvio da linha média de pelo menos 2,5mm para o lado do cruzamento - foram tratados com expansão rápida da maxila. Após a obtenção de cortes tomográficos sagitais da articulação temporomandibular, as medidas dos espaços articulares anterior, posterior e superior foram realizadas e o posicionamento relativo do côndilo foi calculado. Utilizando-se cortes tomográficos axiais, avaliou-se o posicionamento anteroposterior e transversal dos côndilos em relação às estruturas da base craniana. RESULTADOS: foram identificadas diferenças significativas, antes do tratamento, entre os espaços articulares posteriores, na posição relativa do côndilo e um posicionamento mais anterior e mais próximo ao plano sagital mediano do côndilo do lado não-cruzado. Após o tratamento, não foram evidenciadas diferenças significativas nessas medidas. CONCLUSÕES: após a expansão rápida da maxila, um posicionamento mais centralizado dos côndilos nas fossas articulares foi observado, além de uma maior simetria anteroposterior e transversal entre os mesmos.AIM: This clinical study evaluated, through helicoidal computed tomography (CT, the effects of rapid maxillary expansion in the condylar position of patients with functional posterior crossbite in mixed dentition stage. METHODS: Ten patients aged between 7 years and 2 months and 11 years and 2 months were selected. This patients which presented functional unilateral posterior crossbite with mandibular midline deviation of at least 2.5mm to the crossbite side were submitted to rapid maxillary expansion. After obtaining sagittal CT slices of the temporomandibular joints, measurements of the anterior, posterior and superior joint spaces were carried out and the relative positioning of the condyle was calculated. Axial slices of the temporomandibular joint were also used to evaluate the anteroposterior and transversal position of the condyles in relation to the cranial base structures. RESULTS: Before treatment, significant differences were observed in the posterior joint spaces, in the relative positioning of the condyle and with the non-crossbite side condyle displaced more anteriorly and medially in relation to midsagittal line. After treatment there was no statistically significant difference. CONCLUSION: After the rapid maxillary expansion, a more centralized position of the condyles in the joint cavities was observed, and a greater anteroposterior and transverse symmetry between them.

  11. Femoral reconstruction using external fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palatnik, Yevgeniy; Rozbruch, S Robert

    2011-01-01

    Background. The use of an external fixator for the purpose of distraction osteogenesis has been applied to a wide range of orthopedic problems caused by such diverse etiologies as congenital disease, metabolic conditions, infections, traumatic injuries, and congenital short stature. The purpose of this study was to analyze our experience of utilizing this method in patients undergoing a variety of orthopedic procedures of the femur. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed our experience of using external fixation for femoral reconstruction. Three subgroups were defined based on the primary reconstruction goal lengthening, deformity correction, and repair of nonunion/bone defect. Factors such as leg length discrepancy (LLD), limb alignment, and external fixation time and complications were evaluated for the entire group and the 3 subgroups. Results. There was substantial improvement in the overall LLD, femoral length discrepancy, and limb alignment as measured by mechanical axis deviation (MAD) and lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA) for the entire group as well as the subgroups. Conclusions. The Ilizarov external fixator allows for decreased surgical exposure and preservation of blood supply to bone, avoidance of bone grafting and internal fixation, and simultaneous lengthening and deformity correction, making it a very useful technique for femoral reconstruction. PMID:21991425

  12. Oxinium femoral head damage generated by a metallic foreign body within the polyethylene cup following recurrent dislocation episodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibon, E; Scemama, C; David, B; Hamadouche, M

    2013-11-01

    Oxinium femoral heads are supposed to be more scratch-resistant thanks to their oxidized layer. However, damages to this thin layer can jeopardize implant's properties. Following revision total hip arthroplasty performed for recurrent posterior dislocations, the Oxinium femoral head initially implanted was observed to be dramatically damaged. A metallic foreign body from a trochanteric fixation wire was found within the polyethylene cup. Only few cases of damaged Oxinium femoral heads have been reported and all were related to either dislocation or reduction of THA. The aim of this report is to describe a non-reported mechanism of damaged Oxinium femoral head due to a broken trochanteric fixation wire device. Any broken metallic wire from a transtrochanteric approach should be carefully followed to detect migration within the polyethylene cup. If such a migration occurs, revision surgery should be rapidly scheduled. PMID:24070691

  13. 78 FR 9010 - Dental Devices; Reclassification of Temporary Mandibular Condyle Prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ..., 1993 (59 FR 65475; December 20, 1994). In response to a petition dated April 30, 1996 (FDA-1996-P-0253... malignant and benign tumors (63 FR 71743). In 2009, FDA published an order for the submission of information on mandibular condyle prostheses indicated for temporary reconstruction (74 FR 16214; April 9,...

  14. Central giant cell granuloma of the mandibular condyle: Case-report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Munzenmayer; P, Tapia; J, Zeballos; A, Martínez; Á, Compan; A, Urra; ML, Spencer.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This case report describes a 19-year-old female patient with a central giant cell granuloma in the left mandibular condyle, treated with en bloc resection and reconstruction with fibula graft. This occurrence is considered very unusual. [...

  15. Interpretation of mandibular condyle fractures using 2D- and 3D-computed tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa e Silva Adriana Paula de Andrade da

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Computed tomography (CT has been increasingly used in the examination of patients with craniofacial trauma. This technique is useful in the examination of the temporomandibular joint and allows the diagnosis of fractures of the mandibular condyle. Aiming to verify whether the three-dimensional reconstructed images from CT (3D-CT produce more effective visual information than the two-dimensional (2D-CT ones, we evaluated 2D-CT and 3D-CT examinations of 18 patients with mandibular condyle fractures. We observed that 2D-CT and 3D-CT reconstructed images produced similar information for the diagnosis of fractures of the mandibular condyle, although the 3D-CT allowed a better visualization of the position and displacement of bone fragments, as well as the comminution of fractures. These results, together with the possibility of refining and manipulating perspectives in 3D images, reinforce the importance of its use in the surgical planning and evaluation of treatment. We concluded that 3D-CT presented supplementary information for a more effective diagnosis of mandibular condyle fractures.

  16. Femoral neck morphology differentiates femoral neck from vertebral osteoporotic fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mulè

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Mineral density and bone geometry are the two main biomechanical factors related to bone resistance to stress. Objective: In this study we assess whether differences in the proximal femur geometry (PFG characterize different types of osteoporotic fractures. Methods: We studied 533 postmenopausal women aged 50 - 85. They were divided into four groups matched for bone mineral density at the femoral neck; without fractures (165, vertebral fractures (139, trochanteric fractures (102, and hip fractures (127. Dual X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA scans at the spine and at the hip were carried out to measure bone mineral density and the DXA images were used to define the proximal femur geometry parameters of the hip. Results: Age, height, vertebral BMD and PFG parameters (i.e.femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA and hip axis length (HAL were different when all four groups were compared by the Anova test. Patients with vertebral fractures were then compared by multivariate analysis to those with trochanteric fractures. The variables that discriminated the two groups were: age, age at menopause, weight, height, and vertebral BMD, but not PFG. Comparing vertebral to hip fractures the distinguishing variables were: vertebral BMD, height, NSA and HAL. We found that hip fractures had longer HAL and wider NSA than vertebral fractures, whereas no statistically significant differences were found between trochanteric fractures and vertebral fractures concerning PFG. Conclusions: These data indicate that differences in PFG parameters might have a role in predisposing to femoral neck fracture.

  17. Diagnostic gait pattern of a patient with longstanding left femoral nerve palsy: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, Neil G

    2010-12-01

    The gait pattern of a 35-year-old man with longstanding, left femoral nerve palsy was assessed using 3-dimensional kinematic and kinetic analysis. Stability of his left knee in stance was achieved by manipulating the external moments of the limb so that the ground reaction force passes in front of the knee joint. This compensatory mechanism of locking the knee in extension is reliant on the posterior capsular structures. The patient was managed conservatively and continued to walk without aids.

  18. Origins, distributions, and ramifications of the femoral nerves in giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseâmely Angélica de Carvalho-Barros

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The study of nerves making up the lumbosacral plexus is extremely important, because it relates the various evolutionary aspects of animals’ posture and locomotion. Taking into account that the femoral nerve is the largest one in the cranial part of the lumbosacral plexus, one aimed to describe the origins, distributions, and ramifications of femoral nerves in giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla, comparing them to the literature describing domestic and wild animals, in order to establish correlations of morphological similarities and provide the related areas with means. One used three specimens, prepared through an injection of 10% aqueous formaldehyde solution via femoral artery, for their conservation and posterior dissection. The origins in the right and left antimeres took place in the ventral braches of lumbar spinal nerves 1, 2, and 3. The distributions and ramifications were observed for the major and minor psoas, lateral and medial iliac, pectineus, adductor magnus, sartorius, and femoral quadriceps muscles. Having the origins of the M. tridactyla femoral nerves as a basis, a reframing was observed due to the variance in the number of lumbar vertebrae (L1, L2, and L3. However, a partial morphological similarity was kept with regard to the distributions and ramifications, when compared to the domestic and wild animals taken into account in this study.

  19. Posterior sagittal proctectomy.

    OpenAIRE

    Stringer, M D; Crabbe, D C

    1998-01-01

    Rectal excision for non-malignant conditions using a posterior sagittal approach is described in three patients. The technique allows excellent exposure of the rectum, meticulous haemostasis, minimal risk of pelvic nerve injury and accurate reconstruction of the pelvic floor without the need for drainage.

  20. Tratamiento conservador de las fracturas del cóndilo: Evaluación radiológica y clínica Conservative treatment of condyle fractures: Radiological and clinical evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Wassouf

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Las ventajas del tratamiento quirúrgico de las fracturas del proceso condilar hasta la fecha han despertado controversia en la literatura. El tratamiento conservador es el método de elección en nuestra clínica, por lo tanto, el propósito de este estudio es evaluar los resultados obtenidos en un grupo de nuestros pacientes, seleccionados y aleatorizados, que recibieron un tratamiento conservador de fracturas del proceso condilar. Se evaluaron las intervenciones terapéuticas entre 1997 y 2000 en 30 pacientes (18 varones, 12 mujeres, edad media de 25 años con fracturas del cóndilo y un tiempo de seguimiento medio de 12 meses. Se incluyó un total de 35 fracturas del cóndilo en este estudio. El tratamiento utilizado fue la fijación maxilomandibular (FMM, que se aplicó durante 2 semanas en las fracturas unilaterales y durante 3 a 4 semanas en las fracturas bilaterales. Se realizó una evaluación radiológica inicial del ángulo del proceso condilar fracturado y del acortamiento de la rama ascendente. Se evaluaron las exploraciones clínicas y radiológicas a intervalos regulares (6 semanas y 3, 6 y 12 meses. Cinco pacientes presentaron fracturas bilaterales; todos con luxación anterior. En el grupo de las fracturas unilaterales, 12 pacientes presentaron luxación anterior (valor medio 23° en la radiografía panorámica. Trece pacientes presentaron luxación posterior (valor medio 10°. En la proyección posteroanterior se observó la luxación medial en 12 fracturas (valor medio 14° y luxación lateral en 4 fracturas (valor medio 6°. El acortamiento de la rama ascendente alcanzó un valor medio de 5,40 mm. Se logró una funcionalidad y movilidad satisfactorias en todos los pacientes tratados. Las secuelas postraumáticas fueron el chasquido de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM (5 de 29, la desviación de la boca al abrirse (14 de 27, la reducción de los movimientos laterales y de la protrusión (15 de 29 y finalmente un rango de apertura de la boca de 30 a 60 mm. Para concluir, el tratamiento conservador de las fracturas del proceso condilar es un método de tratamiento seguro que evita la cirugía y produce fiablemente buenos resultados. El grado de desplazamiento o de acortamiento de la rama ascendente no precluyó obtener buenos resultados en este estudio.Benefits of surgical treatment for condylar fractures are to date discussed controversially in the literature. As conservative treatment is the method of choice in our clinic, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of a randomised selected group of our patients who received conservative treatment for condylar fractures. The acts of 30 patients (18 males, 12 females, mean age of 25 years treatment for condylar fractures between 1997 and 2000 with a mean follow up time of 12 months have been assessed. A total of 35 condyle fractures were included in this study. The treatment applied was maxillo-mandibular fixation (MMF for 2 weeks on unilateral fractures, and 3 - 4 weeks on bilateral fractures. Initial radiological evaluation of the broken condyles angulations and shortening of the ascending ramus was performed. Clinical and radiological examinations were assessed in regular intervals (6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. 5 patients presented bilateral fractures; all of them had anterior dislocation. In the unilateral fracture group 12 presented anterior dislocations (mean value of 23° on the panoramic x-ray. 13 cases presented posterior dislocation (mean value of 10°. On the (PA projections 12 fractures presented medial dislocation (mean value of 14°, 4 presented lateral dislocation (mean value of 6°. Ascending ramus shortening reached a mean value of 5.40 mm. Satisfactory function and mobility were observed in all the treated cases. Posttraumatic sequels as TMJ clicking (5 of 29, deviation by mouth opening (14 of 27, reduction of lateral movements and protrusion (in 15 of 29 and finally mouth opening ranged 30 to 60 mm. In conclusion, conservative treatment of condylar fractures is a safe treatment method avoiding surg

  1. Superselective intra-arterial DSA in patients with femoral head necrosis and femoral neck fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prospective study includes 25 patients without pathology of the femoral head for the evaluation of the normal femoral head perfusion. In addition 34 patients with femoral head necrosis underwent i.a. DSA preoperatively before pedicled pelvic bone grafting. 15 patients after pelvic bone graft operation and 7 patients with medial femoral head fracture were also examined via superselective DSA. In cases with femoral head necrosis a rarefaction or interruption of the rami nutricii proximales, or an occlusion of the medial circumflex femoral artery were observed. Patients with medial femoral neck fracture showed an interruption of the rami nutricii proximales of the femoral head. Postoperative DSA - after pedicled pelvic bone graft - revealed a regular arterial graft perfusion in 82%. (orig.)

  2. Balloon-assisted ultrasound-guided thrombin injection of a pseudoaneurysm in the posterior tibial artery: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Taeg Ki; Jeon, Yong Sun; Hong, Kee Chun; Cho, Soon Gu; Kim, Eu Gene [Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-15

    An ultrasound-guided direct injection of thrombin is currently the first choice of treatment for the postcatheterization pseudoaneurysm, mainly in the femoral artery. A pseudoaneurysm in the posterior tibial artery is very rare, so there are not enough reports about proper treatment yet. We report a case of a balloon-assisted injection of thrombin under ultrasonography-guidance to manage a pseudoaneurysm in the posterior tibial artery and concurrently to prevent a distal artery embolization.

  3. Radiographic and histopathologic study of morphologic changes in the mandibular condyle of ovariectomized cynomolgus monkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to investigate the micro structural and histomorphometrical changes in mandibular condyles in ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys. The experimental animals were female cynomolgus monkeys (n=24) with a mean age of 10 years, range 9-15 years. The animals were divided into 2 groups: an experimental group to be ovariectomized (OVX group) and a control sham operated group (Sham group). The animals in each group were housed under the environmental condition outlined in the appropriate guidelines from the National Institutes of Health U.S.A. Two years post-operatively, the animals were killed and the maxillo-facial bones were dissected and fixed with 10% buffered formalin. The bone mineral density (BMD) of the mandibular condyle was determined by densitometric analysis of the lateral oblique transcranial projection radiograph. Bone X-ray microanalysis on the mandibular condyle was performed using micro computed tomography (?CT). The following parameters were examined in cancellous bone: bone volume (BV/TV), trabecular thickness and number, trabecular separation, structure model index (SMI), number of node struts, and total strut length of tissue volume. Further, cortical bone volume was additionally examined. The condyles were immersed in Plank-Rychlo's solution for demineralization, embedded in paraffin, and used for standard light microscopic observation. Thickness of the cartilage was measured and the unit number of hypertrophic cartilage cells was counted on each coronal section. Densitometric analysis of lateral oblique transcranial projection radiograph showed that BMD of the mandibular condyle did not significantly decrease in the OVX group in comparison with the Sham group. However, CT analysis did show that BV/TV of the cancellous bone, trabecular thickness and number, SMI, number of node struts, and total strut length of tissue volume in the OVX group were significantly lower than those found in the Sham group. Further, trabecular separation in the OVX group was significantly higher than that in the Sham group. However, cortical bone volumes were similar in those two groups. Histomorphometrical analysis on condylar cartilage showed that both thickness of the hypertrophy stratum and unit number of hypertrophic cartilage cells were lower in the OVX group than in the Sham group. Bone loss and trabecular fragmentation in the monkey condyle could be induced with ovariectomy. The changes occurred only in cancellous bone, but not in cortical bone. (author)

  4. Condroblastoma de la cabeza femoral y reconstrucción con aloinjerto osteocondral: Reporte de caso / Femoral head chondroblastoma and reconstruction with osteochondral allograft: Case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C, Orlando-Díaz; R, Guzmán-Vargas; DF, Rincón-Cardozo; N, Mantilla-León; JA, Camacho-Casas.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El condroblastoma de la cabeza femoral es un tumor poco frecuente (aproximadamente 1 o 2% de los tumores benignos de hueso), se presenta con mayor frecuencia en pacientes jóvenes de sexo masculino. El condroblastoma es más frecuente en el húmero proximal, fémur proximal, fémur distal y tibia proxima [...] l. La cabeza femoral es el tercer sitio más frecuente, No existe un tratamiento específico para esta entidad; se han descrito desde osteotomías acetabulares, injertos osteocondrales, injertos vascularizados de peroné, etcétera, todos reportando buenos resultados. Pero es clínicamente impredecible si no recibe tratamiento. Se presenta un caso que se manejó con aloinjerto osteocondral y la evolución de tres años posterior al procedimiento quirúrgico. Abstract in english Femoral head chondroblastoma is an infrequent tumor, accounting for approximately 1-2% of benign bone tumors. It occurs more frequently in young male patients. It's most frequent locations include the proximal humerus, proximal femur, distal femur and proximal tibia. The femoral head is the third mo [...] st frequent site of this tumor. There is no specific treatment for this entity; reported treatments range from acetabular osteotomies and osteochondral grafts, to vascularized fibular grafts, all of them with good results. However, this tumor is clinically unpredictable if left untreated. We report a case managed with osteochondral graft and followed-up for three years after the surgical procedure.

  5. Bilateral femoral osteomyelitis with knee arthritis due to Salmonella enteritidis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picillo, U; Italian, G; Marcialis, M R; Ginolfi, F; Abbate, G; Tufano, M A

    2001-01-01

    A bilateral knee septic arthritis due to Salmonella enteritidis developed in a female patient affected by long-standing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with cardiac and renal involvement treated with immunosuppressants and corticosteroids. Because avascular necrosis and multiple osteomyelitic areas were detected at the same time in both right and left femoral condyles, an early localisation of Salmonella into the bone was assumed. Involvement of the joints was regarded as consequence of local dissemination of infection. Ampicilline (0.2 g/kg body weight daily for 2 months) plus ciprofloxacin (1.5 g daily for 12 months) and withdrawal of immunosuppressants appeared to be effective in preventing complications of infection. PMID:11254242

  6. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: posterior approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baba, S

    2000-06-01

    Adrenalectomy for benign adrenal diseases is currently performed by transperitoneal laparoscopy. The transperitoneal approach, however, invades the intraperitoneal cavity, and may cause injury to the abdominal organs. The posterior lumbar approach allows direct access to the main adrenal vascular supply before the gland is manipulated. Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy by this approach is technically feasible and most effective as regard to the simplicity of vascular control. The operating time, perioperative morbidity and cost have been reduced with this approach. PMID:10915015

  7. Posterior fossa tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of magnetic resonance imaging, using a 0.5 Tesla superconductive magnet in 6 patients with clinical (6), angiographic (6) and histologic (4) diagnosis of posterior fossa tumors were reviewed and compared with X-ray computed tomography. Optimal visualization of normal and abnormal anatomic relationships and the possibility and value of calculated T1- and T2-pictures with the aid of spin-echo-technique are discussed. (orig.)

  8. Posterior instrumentation and fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Deniz Olgun, Z.; Yazici, Muharrem

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, which characteristically includes thoracic hypokyphosis and all three columns of the spine, is the achievement of a balanced spine while preserving as many motion segments as possible and avoiding neurologic damage. Many approaches have been defined in the treatment of this common disease. Posterior-only surgery, instrumentation and fusion have become the preferred technique in many centers throughout the world due to simplicity of a...

  9. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the occipital condyle imitating a malignant neoplasm - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inflammatory pseudotumor is a non-neoplastic process of unknown etiology characterized by proliferation of connective tissue with an inflammatory infiltrate. IPT most frequently arises in the orbit, but can also be found in the larynx, the paranasal sinus and rarely in the skull base. We present the case of a 20-year-old patient with a 4-month history of headache and insomnia. Neurological examination showed limited head mobility and hypoglossal nerve dysfunction. The patient was afebrile and no abnormalities in blood tests were found. CT revealed the presence of a tumor mass destructing the right occipital condyle. MRI was performed and the mass was surgically removed. The histological diagnosis was non-specific chronic inflammatory granulation tissue. Inflammatory pseudotumors can often mimic malignant neoplasms, especially in cases where bone destruction is observed. IPT of the occipital condyle is a rare but aggressive lesion that should be treated by surgical excision. (author)

  10. Intra- and interobserver agreement of computed tomography in assessment of the mandibular condyle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa [Pusan National Univ. College of Dentistry, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    To study the intra- and interobserver agreement of multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) in interpretation of degenerative changes of the mandibular condyle. Five observers independently evaluated one hundred temporomandibular joint MDCT images for signs of osteophytes, erosion, sclerosis and flattening. The intra- and interobserve agreements were calculated by using Kappa statistics. The intraobserver agreement was substantial for erosion (k=0.75), flattening (k=0.74) and sclerosis (k=0.72) and almost perfect for osteophytes (k=0.84). The interobserver agreement was fair for flattening (k=0.39), moderate for erosion (k=0.58) and sclerosis (k=0.48) and substantial for osteophytes (k=0.75). This study shows that we can expert good agreement for the presence of osteophytes, but not for flattening in the interpretation of MDCT images of the condyle.

  11. Toxic shock syndrome post open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation of a humeral lateral condyle fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Yuen; Selvaratnam, Veenesh; Garg, Neeraj

    2015-01-01

    Use of Kirschner wires (K-wires) is the most common method of fracture stabilisation in lateral condyle fracture fixation in children. We report a case of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) following an open reduction and internal fixation using K-wires for a humeral lateral condyle fracture in a 5-year-old girl. TSS is a toxin-mediated multisystem illness. It typically presents with shock and it is most often attributed to toxin-producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. It can lead to multiorgan failure and, ultimately, death. It is important to be aware of TSS, as it can present within any setting. Patients often have non-specific symptoms and their condition can worsen rapidly. TSS postorthopaedic surgery is rare; however, due to the serious nature of this disease, it is important to promptly recognise and diagnose TSS, and to ensure appropriate treatment is started without delay. PMID:26264942

  12. Osteochondroma (OC) of the Condyle of Left Mandible: A Rare Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    M, Harish; Manjunatha, Bhari Sharanesha; Kumar, Anoop N; Alavi, Yasin A

    2015-02-01

    Osteochondroma (OC) is one of the most common benign condylar tumours having both chondroma and osteoma. However, this tumour is most frequently found on the metaphyses of long bones and is unusual on the skull. When it affects the mandibular condyle, the cause could be due to trauma to the tempero mandibular joint (TMJ). Here, in this report we present a rare case of osteochondroma of left condyle region in a 36-year-old man. The patient had noticed pain in the left TMJ for six months. The lesion is surgically removed and histologically evaluated which composed of chondrocytes dispersed in hyaline matrix along with a rim of calcified bone at one end. PMID:25859534

  13. The role of acetabulum geometry and femoral head-neck ratio in the development of osteoarthritis in young men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halle, B; Halle, D M; Torfing, T; Overgaard, S

    2007-01-01

    We studied the role of acetabulum geometry and head neck ratio in the development of osteoarthritis of the hip in young men. Contrary to previous studies we evaluated the significance of the anterior, posterior and total coverage of the femoral head, the influence of the femoral neck and the consequence of acetabular retroversion on standardized x-rays. Men aged 26-55 years who earlier had a total hip arthroplasty were included in the case group. This group was compared to a control-group of men...

  14. Remodeling process of the streptozotocln-induced diabetic rat's resected condyle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the remodeling process of the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat's resected condyle. The experiment was performed with male Sprague-Dawley strain rats weighing approximately 250 gm, which were rendered diabetic by an intravenous injection of streptozotocin (70 mg/kg body weight). After condylectomy, experimental rats were serially terminated on the 1st week, the 2nd week, the 3rd week, and the 4th week. The following termination, the mandible were dissected out to make specimens. Each mandibular condyle was radiographed with Hitex HA-80 (Hitex Co., Ltd. Japan). In addition to radiographic observation, the mandibular condyles, further decalcified and embedded in paraffin, were sectioned and stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin, Toluidine blue and Masson's trichrome. They were observed with a light microscope and a polarizing microscope. The results were as follows. 1. Soft X-ray radiograms revealed proliferation of bone after 1 week in both groups. Irregularly repaired bones and dense trabeculae were clearly observed in experimental group. 2. The resected condyles were repaired by intramembraneous and endochondral bone formation in both groups. 3. Bone tissue repair was initiated from the adjacent margin of resected bone, and cartilaginous tissues were observed at the top of repaired bone in both groups. 4. The number of osteoblasts of experimental group was small, compared with control group. Each osteoblast was small and flat. The thin trabeculae were irregularly formed. 5. Collagens of bone were gradually matured in both groups but the degree of maturation was lower in experimental group. 6. Fibrous tissues covered the upper parts of repaired bone were densely arranged in the both groups. Conclusively, atrophied osteoblasts, immature collagen of bone, and thin and irregular trabeculae function and caused disturbance of remodeling process of bone.

  15. Bifid mandibular condyle with temporomandibular joint ankylosis: report of two cases and review of literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gulati, Ajay; Virmani, V.; Ramanathan, S.; Khandelwal, N. [Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, PGIMER, Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Chandigarh (India); Verma, L. [Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Department of Pedodontics, Patiala (India)

    2009-10-15

    Bifid mandibular condyle is an uncommon entity with a controversial etiology. It can be developmental or acquired and rarely may be associated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. Although the patient may be asymptomatic, the radiologist should be aware of this entity and its clinical implications. We report two cases of BMC, one developmental and the other secondary to trauma. Both were diagnosed using computed tomography, which additionally revealed the associated ankylosis of TMJ in both the patients. (orig.)

  16. Architectural measures of the cancellous bone of the mandibular condyle identified by principal components analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giesen, EB; Ding, Ming; Dalstra, M; van Eijden, TM

    2003-01-01

    As several morphological parameters of cancellous bone express more or less the same architectural measure, we applied principal components analysis to group these measures and correlated these to the mechanical properties. Cylindrical specimens (n = 24) were obtained in different orientations from embalmed mandibular condyles; the angle of the first principal direction and the axis of the specimen, expressing the orientation of the trabeculae, ranged from 10 degrees to 87 degrees. Morphological...

  17. Current Concepts in the Mandibular Condyle Fracture Management Part II: Open Reduction Versus Closed Reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Kang-Young Choi; Jung-Dug Yang; Ho-Yun Chung; Byung-Chae Cho

    2012-01-01

    In the treatment of mandibular condyle fracture, conservative treatment using closed reduction or surgical treatment using open reduction can be used. Management of mandibular condylar fractures remains a source of ongoing controversy in oral and maxillofacial trauma. For each type of condylar fracture,the treatment method must be chosen taking into consideration the presence of teeth, fracture height, patient'sadaptation, patient's masticatory system, disturbance of occlusal function, and de...

  18. Current Concepts in the Mandibular Condyle Fracture Management Part I: Overview of Condylar Fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Kang-Young Choi; Jung-Dug Yang; Ho-Yun Chung; Byung-Chae Cho

    2012-01-01

    The incidence of condylar fractures is high, but the management of fractures of the mandibular condyle continues to be controversial. Historically, maxillomandibular fixation, external fixation, and surgical splints with internal fixation systems were the techniques commonly used in the treatment of the fractured mandible. Condylar fractures can be extracapsular or intracapsular, undisplaced, deviated, displaced, or dislocated. Treatment depends on the age of the patient, the co-existence of ...

  19. Tissue Formation and Vascularization in Anatomically Shaped Human Joint Condyle Ectopically in Vivo

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Chang H; Marion, Nicholas W.; Hollister, Scott; Mao, Jeremy J.

    2009-01-01

    Scale-up of bioengineered grafts toward clinical applications is a challenge in regenerative medicine. Here, we report tissue formation and vascularization of anatomically shaped human tibial condyles ectopically with a dimension of 20?×?15?×?15?mm3. A composite of poly-?-caprolactone and hydroxyapatite was fabricated using layer deposition of three-dimensional interlaid strands with interconnecting microchannels (400??m) and seeded with human bone marrow stem cells (hMSCs) with or without os...

  20. OSTEONECROSIS DE CABEZA FEMORAL: ETIOPATOGENIA / Femoral head osteonecrosis: Etiopathogeny

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Casanova Morote; Alejandro, Álvarez López; Yenima, García Lorenzo.

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica y actualización sobre la patogenia y etiología de la osteonecrosis de la cabeza femoral. En la patogenia se profundizó en la historia natural de la enfermedad con las diferentes teorías responsables de los episodios isquémicos como teoría del infarto óseo, embol [...] ismo graso, acumulación de las células de estrés y de la isquemia progresiva. Con respecto a la etiología se abordaron las causas traumáticas y atraumáticas en las cuales se incluyó el uso de corticoesteroides, consumo de alcohol, pacientes transplantados, trombofilia e hipofibrinolisis, enfermedad de Caison y Gaucher. Abstract in english A bibliographical revision and updating on the pathogeny and etiology of the osteonecrosis of the femoral head was carried out. In the pathogeny was deepened into the natural history of the illness with the different theories responsible for the ischemic episodes as theory of the bony heart attack, [...] fatty embolism, accumulation of the stress cells and of the progressive ischemia. Regarding to the etiology, traumatic and non traumatic causes were undertaken, in which the use of corticosteroids, alcohol intake, transplanted patients, thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis, Caison´s and Gaucher´s disease was included.

  1. Effects of estrogen deficiency combined with chronic alcohol consumption on rat mandibular condyle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Miriane Carneiro Machado, Salgado; Adriana Mathias Pereira da Silva, Marchini; Tábata de Mello, Tera; Rosilene Fernandes da, Rocha; Leonardo, Marchini.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Estrogen deficiency and chronic alcohol consumption may have a synergistic and deleterious effect on bone tissue. AIM: To investigate the effects of estrogen deficiency associated with chronic alcohol consumption on the mandibular condyle in rats. METHODS: Fifty-four female rats were first divided e [...] qually into two groups: ovariectomized Ovx and simulated ovariectomy Sham. One month after the surgeries, these groups were equally sub-divided according to their dietary treatment: G1: Sham/ad-libitum diet; G2: Sham/alcohol; G3: Sham/isocaloric; G4: Ovx/ad-libitum diet; G5: Ovx/alcohol, G6: Ovx/isocaloric. Eight weeks after starting the diets, all animals were anesthetized and sacrificed. The condyles were analyzed histologically, histomorphometrically, and immunohistochemically using the antibodies for bone sialoprotein BSP, osteocalcin OCC and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand RANKL. RESULTS: Histological analysis of the mandibular condyles showed that Ovx and Sham groups presented almost the same characteristics. The histomorphometric analysis showed that there was a statistically significant difference only between Ovx/isocaloric and Ovx/ad-libitum groups p=0.049. No difference was observed in the intensity of BSP, OCC, and RANKL antibody staining between the Ovx/alcohol and the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: It may be concluded that there was no histomorphometric, histological, or RANKL, BSP, and OCC staining differences between the Ovx/alcohol group and other experimental groups.

  2. Ultrasound determination of femoral anteversion in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Femoral anteversion has been measured in children by ultrasound and computer tomography. Spirit level attached to the US-probe and special position assures accurate and repeatable results. Regression of femoral anteversion with growth has been observed. US is accurate, non-aggressive method and should be recommended for clinical purposes. (author)

  3. Management of femoral neck fractures

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    LC, Marais; N, Ferreira.

    Full Text Available Femoral neck fractures are the second most common non-vertebral fragility fracture, and their management is complicated by multiple controversies. This article aims to review the recent literature in an attempt to elucidate current concepts critical to the management of intra-capsular femoral neck f [...] ractures. The optimal timing of surgery remains controversial. A recent meta-analysis was able to show that a delay of longer than 24-72 hours resulted in a statistically significant increase in mortality. Internal fixation of undisplaced fractures remains undisputed. In terms of displaced fractures, two well-designed studies have shown significantly higher re-operation rates in patients treated with closed reduction and internal fixation. While there appears to be renewed interest in the use of bi-polar hemiarthroplasty, conflicting evidence has been published with regard to total hip replacement for hip fractures in the elderly, and it may only be indicated in selected subgroups of relatively healthy patients. The peri-operative use of tranexamic acid has recently been shown to result in a reduction in transfusion requirements. Arguably the most important recent development in the management of hip fractures is the decrease in mortality provided by intravenous bisphosphonate therapy. Apart from a reduction in subsequent fractures the therapy also appears to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular and pulmonary causes. Recent investigations into thrombopro-phylaxis have highlighted the fact there is very little data to show that potent anti-coagulation decreases the risk of fatal pulmonary emboli.

  4. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eun Ja; Yu, Won Jong; Ahn, Kook Jin; Jung, So Lyung; Lee, Yeon Soo; Kim, Ji Chang; Kang, Si Won [The Catholic Univ. of Korea, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Song, Chang Joon [Chungnam National Univ. School of Medicine, Cheonju (Korea, Republic of); Song, Soon-Young; Koo, Ja Hong [Kwandong Univ. College of Medicine, Myungji Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Man Deuk [College of Medicine Pochon CHA Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-10-01

    To review reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. We reviewed 22 patients (M:F=3:19; age, 17-46 years) with the characteristic clinical and imaging features of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. All underwent brain MRI, and in three cases both CT and MRI were performed. In one, MRA was obtained, and in eleven, follow-up MR images were obtained. We evaluated the causes of this syndrome, its clinical manifestations, and MR findings including the locations of lesions, the presence or absence of contrast enhancement, and the changes seen at follow-up MRI. Of the 22 patients, 13 had eclampsia (six during pregnancy and seven during puerperium). Four were receiving immunosuppressive therapy (three, cyclosporine ; one, FK 506). Four suffered renal failure and one had complicated migraine. The clinical manifestations included headache (n=12), visual disturbance (n=13), seizure (n=15), focal neurologic sign (n=3), and altered mental status (n=2). Fifteen patients had hypertension and the others normotension. MRI revealed that lesions were bilateral (n=20) or unilateral (n=2). In all patients the lesion was found in the cortical and subcortical areas of the parieto-occipital lobes ; other locations were the basal ganglia (n=9), posterior temporal lobe (n=8), frontal lobe (n=5), cerebellum (n=5), pons (n=2), and thalamus (n=1). All lesions were of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and of iso to low intensity on T1-weighted images. One was combined with acute hematoma in the left basal ganglia. In eight of 11 patients who underwent postcontrast T1-weighted MRI, there was no definite enhancement ; in one, enhancement was mild, and in tow, patchy. CT studies showed low attenuation, and MRA revealed mild vasospasm. The symptoms of all patients improved. Follow-up MRI in nine of 11 patients depicted complete resolution of the lesions ; in two, small infarctions remained but the extent of the lesions had decreased. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome develops in patients with toxemia of pregnancy, renal insufficiency or complicated migraine, and those who undergo immunosuppresive therapy. The characteristic MR finding in edema in cortical or subcortical areas of the parietal and occipital lobes, without enhancement after Gd-DTPA injection. Early recognition of this readily treatable condition may obviate the meed for extensive, invasive investigations, and prompt treatment can lead to a favorable prognosis.

  5. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To review reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. We reviewed 22 patients (M:F=3:19; age, 17-46 years) with the characteristic clinical and imaging features of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. All underwent brain MRI, and in three cases both CT and MRI were performed. In one, MRA was obtained, and in eleven, follow-up MR images were obtained. We evaluated the causes of this syndrome, its clinical manifestations, and MR findings including the locations of lesions, the presence or absence of contrast enhancement, and the changes seen at follow-up MRI. Of the 22 patients, 13 had eclampsia (six during pregnancy and seven during puerperium). Four were receiving immunosuppressive therapy (three, cyclosporine ; one, FK 506). Four suffered renal failure and one had complicated migraine. The clinical manifestations included headache (n=12), visual disturbance (n=13), seizure (n=15), focal neurologic sign (n=3), and altered mental status (n=2). Fifteen patients had hypertension and the others normotension. MRI revealed that lesions were bilateral (n=20) or unilateral (n=2). In all patients the lesion was found in the cortical and subcortical areas of the parieto-occipital lobes ; other locations were the basal ganglia (n=9), posterior temporal lobe (n=8), frontal lobe (n=5), cerebellum (n=5), pons (n=2), and thalamus (n=1). All lesions were of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and of iso to low intensity on T1-weighted images. One was combined with acute hematoma in the left basal ganglia. In eight of 11 patients who underwent postcontrast T1-weighted MRI, there was no definite enhancement ; in one, enhancement was mild, and in tow, patchy. CT studies showed low attenuation, and MRA revealed mild vasospasm. The symptoms of all patients improved. Follow-up MRI in nine of 11 patients depicted complete resolution of the lesions ; in two, small infarctions remained but the extent of the lesions had decreased. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome develops in patients with toxemia of pregnancy, renal insufficiency or complicated migraine, and those who undergo immunosuppresive therapy. The characteristic MR finding in edema in cortical or subcortical areas of the parietal and occipital lobes, without enhancement after Gd-DTPA injection. Early recognition of this readily treatable condition may obviate the meed for extensive, invasive investigations, and prompt treatment can lead to a favorable prognosis

  6. Total knee reconstruction without posterior stabilization in rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Prejbeanu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to present the results with posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty in rheumatoid arthritis (RA patients. Background: Total knee replacement in RA patients has many particularities. One of them is the difficulty of obtaining a proper ligamentous balance.Methods: 24 RA patients were followed for a 5-year period after posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty. Clinical assessments analyzed general health status by using Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Evaluation Form (HSSKEF and mediolateral and anteroposterior ligament stability by using varus-valgus and posterior drawer tests. Radiological assessments evaluated axial alignment, size and position of components, radiolucent lines in anteroposterior and lateral standard views, integrity of the posterior cruciate ligament on lateral view X-ray at 45 degrees of flexion.Results: the mean HSSKEF score increased from 32 to 84 points at the end of follow-up. Preoperative mean range of motion was 60 degrees; postoperative mean range of motion was of 105 degrees, with significant statistical difference (p<0.05. The mean femoral component axial deviation was 6 degrees. The tibial component had a mean axial deviation of 1 degree of varus. There were no radioluscency lines of more than 1mm. 21 patients had excellent results. None of the knees was unstable. Conclusion: posterior cruciate ligament-retaining total knee arthroplasty can be used in RA patients without excessive valgus deformity (over 15 degrees, providing thus sufficient stabilization. The outcomes re similar to those patients who followed a posterior stabilized endoprosthesis.

  7. Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callender, Glenda G; Kennamer, Debra L; Grubbs, Elizabeth G; Lee, Jeffrey E; Evans, Douglas B; Perrier, Nancy D

    2009-01-01

    PRA has become our preferred technique for resection of relatively small, benign adrenal masses and isolated metastases to the adrenal glands. PRA offers a direct, minimally invasive approach to the adrenal glands and avoids the need to enter the peritoneal cavity, deal with intraabdominal adhesions, and mobilize adjacent organs-steps necessary during anterior laparoscopic adrenalectomy. In addition, some patients tolerate retroperitoneal CO2 insufflation better than intraperitoneal CO2 insufflation from a hemodynamic and respiratory perspective. Finally, bilateral PRA can be performed without the need for patient repositioning. PRA requires the surgeon to become comfortable with the anatomy of the adrenal gland and surrounding structures from the posterior perspective. In addition, the surgeon must become adept at working in the retroperitoneal space, which is relatively restricted compared with the large cavity created by insufflation of the intraperitoneal space. However, in our experience, the learning curve can be overcome in a relatively short period, and the posterior approach is particularly advantageous in patients who have undergone prior open abdominal surgery or who are moderately obese. Proper patient positioning and trocar placement, high-pressure CO2 insufflation, and mobilization of the inferior aspect of the adrenal gland from the superior pole of the kidney before dividing its other attachments are critical technical details that greatly facilitate the procedure. In experienced hands, PRA is safe and is an ideal option for patients who are candidates for minimally invasive adrenalectomy. PMID:19845175

  8. Positioning of the femoral tunnel for arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: comparative study of 2 techniques Posicionamento do túnel femoral na reconstrução artroscópica do LCA: estudo comparativo de duas técnicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Freire da Mota Albuquerque

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of positioning of the femoral tunnel in reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament by means of 2 techniques: tibial tunnel and anteromedial portal. METHOD: Femoral tunnels were drilled in 20 knees from human cadavers by means of arthroscopy. Group I had the femoral tunnel drilled via a trans-tibial tunnel, and Group II via the anteromedial portal. Four variables were measured: A posterior wall thickness; B tunnel positioning at the notch; C tunnel inclination in relation to the femoral axis; and D distance between the wire guide exit and the lateral epicondyle. RESULTS: As above, respectively, A 2.23 mm for group I and 2.36 mm for group II (P =.54; B 25.5° for group I and 30.0° for group II (P =.23; C 23.9° for group I and 32.0° for group II (P =.02; D 7.8 cm for group I and 3.9 cm for group II (P OBJETIVO: Comparar a acurácia do posicionamento do túnel femoral na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior através de duas vias: túnel tibial e portal ântero - medial. MÉTODO: Foram perfurados túneis femorais em vinte joelhos de cadáveres humanos por via artroscópica. Grupo I: túnel femoral por acesso trans túnel tibial. Grupo II: via portal ântero-medial. Quatro variáveis foram estudadas: A espessura da parede posterior; B posicionamento do túnel no intercôndilo; C angulação do túnel em relação ao eixo do fêmur; D distância entre a saída do fio guia e o epicôndilo lateral. RESULTADO: A grupo I: 2,23 mm, grupo II: 2,36 mm (p=0,543; B grupo I: 25,5º, grupo II: 30º (p=0,226; C grupo I: 23,9º, grupo II: 32º (p= 0,014; D grupo I: 7,8 cm, grupo II 3,9 cm (p<0,001. CONCLUSÃO: As duas técnicas obteveram o posicionamento desejado da entrada do túnel femoral e espessura adequada da cortical posterior. A perfuração via portal ântero-medial pode propiciar maior proteção contra rotura da parede posterior.

  9. Subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to increase awareness of, and to show the variable clinical and radiological features of, subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head. The clinical and radiological findings in 7 patients with subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head were reviewed retrospectively. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically in 4 patients. Radiographs were performed in all patients, MRI in 5 and scintigraphy in 4 patients. Radiographs showed varying degrees of femoral head collapse in 4 patients. In the remaining 3 patients radiographs showed a normal femoral head, regional osteoporosis and focal sclerosis, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a low-signal band on T1- and T2-weighted images in the subchondral bone adjacent or parallel to the articular surface associated with bone marrow oedema. Scintigraphy showed increased uptake in the femoral head. Insufficiency fractures of the femoral head are easily overlooked or confused with avascular necrosis and, when there is significant joint destruction, osteoarthritis. Unsuspected insufficiency fracture of the femoral head can lead to significant and rapid loss of bone stock in osteoporotic patients waiting for arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. Increased awareness of this condition will hopefully lead to earlier diagnosis and a successful outcome of conservative treatment. (orig.)

  10. Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Classically, posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (PF-AVMs) have been considered as lesions with high tendency to bleed. However, careful analysis of clinical and autopsy data from the literature demonstrate that in fact the incidence of hemorrhage is similar in infratentorial and supratentorial locations. The clinical perception that most of the diagnosed PF-AVMs had bled does not mean that they have a high risk of hemorrhage. It suggests that bleeding is the dominant way of expression, since other symptoms are uncommon. Furthermore, angioarchitectural analysis is similar in supra- an intratentorial locations. The causes of hemorrhage are probably related to venous anatomic and hemodynamic changes or associated aneurysms as in other intracranial AVMs. (orig.)

  11. Femoral Morphology Due to Impingement Influences the Range of Motion in Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mamisch, Tallal C.; Kim, Young-Jo; Richolt, Jens A.; Millis, Michael B.; Kordelle, Jens

    2008-01-01

    Femoroacetabular impingement due to metaphyseal prominence is associated with the slippage in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), but it is unclear whether the changes in femoral metaphysis morphology are associated with range of motion (ROM) changes or type of impingement. We asked whether the femoral head-neck junction morphology influences ROM analysis and type of impingement in addition to the slip angle and the acetabular version. We analyzed in 31 patients with SCFE ...

  12. Management of a Case of Ruptured Pseudoaneurysm and Stenosis of Femoral Artery Caused by Femoral Osteochondroma

    OpenAIRE

    Goyal, Vikas Deep; Sharma, Vipin; Kalia, Sandeep; Pathak, Shivam

    2015-01-01

    We present a rare case of ruptured pseudoaneurysm of distal femoral artery due to osteochondroma in a 21-year- old male. The patient was initially treated for osteochondroma as ruptured pseudoaneurysm was not suspected. Diagnosis of ruptured pseudoaneurysm could only be made intraoperatively when rent in the femoral artery was found along with surrounding hematoma and obstruction in the distal femoral artery. Patient underwent multiple surgeries (resection of osteochondroma and femoro-poplite...

  13. Posterior polar cataract: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Kalantan, Hatem

    2011-01-01

    Posterior polar cataract is a rare form of congenital cataract. It is usually inherited as an autosomal dominant disease, yet it can be sporadic. Five genes have been attributed to the formation of this disease. It is highly associated with complications during surgery, such as posterior capsule rupture and nucleus drop. The reason for this high complication rate is the strong adherence of the opacity to the weak posterior capsule. Different surgical strategies were described for the handling...

  14. Accessory thymus in posterior mediastinum

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatnagar Sushmita; Pradhan Rohit; Shastri Pankaj; Shenoy Pradeep

    2008-01-01

    Presence of thymus in the normal position as well as in the posterior mediastinum is an unusual phenomenon. We report here a case of posterior mediastinal mass in a 20-month old male child who presented with dysphagia and dry cough. Investigations revealed it to be a solid posterior mediastinal mass, suspected to be either lymphoma or a neuroblastoma. Excision of the mass followed by histopathologic examination revealed the mass to be a normal thymus. This case indicates that a benign mass, a...

  15. New thoughts on the origin of Pellegrini-Stieda: the association of PCL injury and medial femoral epicondylar periosteal stripping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McAnally, James L.; Southam, Samuel L.; Mlady, Gary W. [University of New Mexico, Department of Radiology, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2009-02-15

    For the past 100 years, Pellegrini-Stieda disease has been described as calcification and ossification within the tibial collateral ligament, although these typical radiographic findings are often located more superior than the most proximal extent of the ligament. In this article, we demonstrate four magnetic resonance imaging cases of knee trauma with complete posterior cruciate ligament tear or avulsion, each demonstrating that injury to the medial collateral ligamentous complex can involve significant stripping of the tissue proximal to the medial epicondyle. Classic radiographic findings of Pellegrini-Stieda calcifications can be caused by stripping of the femoral periosteum proximal to the femoral attachment of the tibial collateral ligament, which appears to be associated with a complete posterior cruciate ligament injury. (orig.)

  16. Interpretation of mandibular condyle fractures using 2D- and 3D-computed tomography

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adriana Paula de Andrade da, Costa e Silva; José Leopoldo Ferreira, Antunes; Marcelo Gusmão Paraiso, Cavalcanti.

    Full Text Available A tomografia computadorizada (TC) tem sido cada vez mais utilizada para exames de pacientes portadores de traumas craniofaciais. Essa técnica tem apresentado vantagens no exame da articulação temporomandibular, sendo também empregada com sucesso no diagnóstico de fraturas de côndilo. Com o propósito [...] de verificar se a reconstrução em 3 dimensões de imagens de TC (3D-TC) acrescenta informação visual às interpretações baseadas em imagens de 2D-TC, o presente trabalho avaliou qualitativamente exames realizados segundo ambas as técnicas em 18 pacientes portadores de fraturas por trauma do côndilo mandibular. Os resultados indicaram que a 2D-TC e a 3D-TC apresentaram informações similares para o diagnóstico dessas fraturas. Contudo, as imagens reconstruídas em 3D-TC forneceram indicações mais precisas quanto à posição anatômica da fratura, deslocamento dos fragmentos ósseos e presença de cominução nas fraturas. Estes resultados, aliados à possibilidade de refinamento e manipulação em vários ângulos das imagens em 3D, sublinham sua aplicabilidade no planejamento e acompanhamento cirúrgico daquelas fraturas. Concluiu-se que a técnica de 3D-CT apresentou informações suplementares para um diagnóstico mais preciso das fraturas de côndilo mandibular. Abstract in english Computed tomography (CT) has been increasingly used in the examination of patients with craniofacial trauma. This technique is useful in the examination of the temporomandibular joint and allows the diagnosis of fractures of the mandibular condyle. Aiming to verify whether the three-dimensional reco [...] nstructed images from CT (3D-CT) produce more effective visual information than the two-dimensional (2D-CT) ones, we evaluated 2D-CT and 3D-CT examinations of 18 patients with mandibular condyle fractures. We observed that 2D-CT and 3D-CT reconstructed images produced similar information for the diagnosis of fractures of the mandibular condyle, although the 3D-CT allowed a better visualization of the position and displacement of bone fragments, as well as the comminution of fractures. These results, together with the possibility of refining and manipulating perspectives in 3D images, reinforce the importance of its use in the surgical planning and evaluation of treatment. We concluded that 3D-CT presented supplementary information for a more effective diagnosis of mandibular condyle fractures.

  17. Hygroma following endovascular femoral aneurysm exclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Morten; Pedersen, Brian Lindegaard; Lönn, Lars; Sillesen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal segments is a suggested alternative to open surgical repair. Careful selection of patients for endovascular treatment of SFA aneurysms is mandatory.

  18. Biventricular Pacemaker Implantation via the Femoral Vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agosti, Sergio; Brunelli, Claudio; Bertero, Giovanni

    2012-08-01

    We report the case of biventricular pacemaker implantation via the femoral vein, in a patient with impossibility of using standard superior vein approach and a contraindication to epicardial lead placement. PMID:22870178

  19. Biventricular Pacemaker Implantation via the Femoral Vein

    OpenAIRE

    Agosti, Sergio; Brunelli, Claudio; Bertero, Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    We report the case of biventricular pacemaker implantation via the femoral vein, in a patient with impossibility of using standard superior vein approach and a contraindication to epicardial lead placement.

  20. MORFOLOGÍA Y MORFOMETRÍA DEL ANILLO FEMORAL EN EL HOMBRE MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRY OF THE FEMORAL RING IN THE MALE

    OpenAIRE

    Antônio José Casado Ramalho; Gaspar de Jesus Lopes Filho; Luis Carlos Buarque de Gusmão; Rodrigo Fernando de Amorim; Marconi Santos Da Silva

    2004-01-01

    La hernia femoral se forma cuando un divertículo peritoneal pasa a través del anillo femoral. Es más frecuente en mujeres que en hombres y en el lado derecho. La literatura es controvertida sobre la forma del anillo femoral quirúrgico, y se omiten sus dimensiones. Por otro lado, no existen explicaciones de naturaleza fisiológica o anatómica que justifiquen la mayor incidencia de la hernia femoral en el lado derecho. Buscando determinar la forma más frecuente del anillo femoral quirúrgico y su...

  1. Relationship between the shortening of the posterior muscle chain and the forward shift of the head and shoulder in female athletes from the youth category Relação entre o encurtamento de cadeia muscular posterior e a anteriorização da cabeça e ombros em atletas infanto-juvenis do gênero feminino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Maciel Rabello

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between the shortening of the posterior muscle chain, mainly the hamstrings and the forward shift of the head and shoulder, as a possible adaptation in high level/performance athletes. The sample involved 59 female athletes from the youth category of different sports modalities. Group 1: 35 athletes with significant hamstrings’ shortening evaluated by the “bear’s position”; Control group: 24 athletes without hamstrings’ shortening, evaluated by the same position. Data collection was performed using digital analysis of pictures taken with the athlete standing (lateral vision in the “bear’s position”. Luminous markers were placed in the temporomandibular joint, lateral region of the acromio, femur great trochanter, external femoral condyle and lateral malleolus. Variables were measured by the computerized angular cinematic analysis, using the software for posture evaluation SAPO, 0.68 version, always performed by the same rater. Statistical analysis was performed with the Shapiro Wilk test, Unpaired t test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. Group 1 showed 2.5 degrees (SD=1,12 of forward inclination in the lateral view and 43.15 degrees (SD=9,41 of knee flexion in the “bear’s position”. In group 2, there was 2.77 (DP=1.02 degrees in the lateral analysis and -2.19 (DP=4.05 degrees in the “bear’s position”. The statistical analysis between the two groups showed p=0.50 for the comparison of the anterior trunk imbalance in the lateral view and p=0,00 for the comparison of the “bear’s position”. The correlation analysis between the anterior trunk imbalance and the posterior muscle chain shortening, emphasizing the hamstrings, showed r=0.04 in the group with posterior chain shortening and r=0.1 in the control group. It can be concluded that the hamstrings’ muscle shortening did not show any relation with the forward shift of the head and shoulder. On the other hand, in the group with greater flexibility of the muscles from the posterior chain, a greater forward shift of the head and shoulder was observed, without significant results. Analisou-se a relação entre o encurtamento da cadeia muscular posterior, os músculos isquitibiais, e a anteriorização de cabeça e ombros, em atletas de nível competitivo. A amostra foi composta por 59 atletas, do sexo feminino e categoria infanto-juvenil, praticantes de diversas modalidades, divididos em dois grupos: o grupo 1 formado por 35 atletas com encurtamento significativo dos músculos isquiotibiais na postura de urso; o grupo-controle, com 24 atletas sem encurtamento dos isquiotibiais. Realizou-se, por análise digital, fotografias em perfil e na postura de urso. Fixaram-se marcadores luminosos na articulação temporomandibular, acrômio (lateral, trocanter maior do fêmur, côndilo femoral externo e maléolo lateral. Realizou-se a análise cinemática angular computadorizada com o Software para Avaliação Postural (SAPO, versão 0.68. Para a análise estatística, aplicaram-se os testes de Shapiro Wilk, t para amostras independentes e de correção de Pearson. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Como resultado, foi observado, no grupo 1, 2,5 graus (DP=1,12 de inclinação anterior na vista lateral e 43,15 graus (DP=9,41 de flexão do joelho na postura do urso. Para o grupo 2, obteve-se o resultado de 2,77 (DP=1,02 graus para a análise do perfil, e -2,19 (DP=4,05 para a postura do urso. A análise estatística entre os grupos apresentou p=0,50 na comparação do desequilíbrio anterior do tronco em vista lateral e p=0,00 para a comparação da postura do urso. A correlação entre o desequilíbrio anterior do tronco e o encurtamento da cadeia posterior, apresentou r=0,04 para o grupo com encurtamento da cadeia posterior e r=0,1 para o controle. Assim, o encurtamento dos músculos isquitibiais não apresentou relação com a anteriorização da cabeça e ombros. Porem, no grupo com maior flexibilidade,

  2. Unusual Branches of Femoral Artery in the Femoral Triangle: A Case Report / Ramas Inusuales de la Arteria Femoral en el Triángulo Femoral: Reporte de Caso

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Satheesha, Nayak B; Snigdha, Mishra; Bincy M, George; Saju Binu, Cherian; Surekha D, Shetty.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La arteria femoral es la principal arteria del miembro inferior. Se observan algunas variaciones en su patrón de ramificación. Una variante rara, pero clínicamente importante es el origen común de las arterias circunfleja iliaca profunda y epigástrica inferior no desde la arteria ilíaca externa. Pre [...] sentamos el origen bilateral de las arterias epigástricas inferiores y circunfleja ilíaca profunda desde la arteria femoral. Ambas arterias pasaron profundas al ligamento inguinal y tuvieron un curso y distribución normal después de cruzar el ligamento inguinal. El conocimiento de estas variaciones son de importancia en la cirugía plástica, en el acceso anterior a la articulación de la cadera, el drenaje absceso del músculo psoas mayor o para reducir una hernia femoral. Abstract in english Femoral artery is the major artery of the lower limb. It shows some variations in its branching pattern. One of the rare but clinically important variations is the origin of deep circumflex iliac and inferior epigastric arteries from it instead of from external iliac artery. We report here the origi [...] n of inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac arteries from the femoral artery bilaterally. Both the arteries passed up deep to the inguinal ligament and had a normal course and distribution after crossing the inguinal ligament. Knowledge of these variations is of importance in plastic surgery, anterior approach to the hip joint, draining psoas abscess or reducing a femoral hernia.

  3. Patient selection for shorter femoral stems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruner, Andreas; Heller, Karl-Dieter

    2015-03-01

    The right patient selection with the correct surgical treatment are prerequisite for a positive result in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Short stem implants demand a shorter anchoring length in accordance with the proper indication. Although appropriate indications for short stems have been discussed in the literature, there currently is no clear definition. The lack of an accepted categorization of short hip stems complicates the situation further. This article briefly reviews the literature and highlights the authors' results and experiences in short stem THA in an effort to establish a proper discrimination between indications and contraindications for the Metha short stem. Results presented include a retrospective data collection and follow-up examination of 126 patients who underwent short stem THA with 2- and 4-year results. Anchoring principles of the short stem are reviewed, and a complication and failure analysis based on 7 femoral revisions in 1092 short stem THAs is presented. Selection criteria for short stem THA are patients younger than 70 years with primary osteoarthritis and dysplastic femoral deformities, and indications of avascular head necrosis. Adequate bone quality must be confirmed intraoperatively, assessing whether the bone structure in the area of the femoral neck is strong enough to support the short stem load transmission. Coxa vara and high dysplastic femoral neck antetorsion are contraindications for short stems. Wide and short femoral necks, implant undersizing, and a deep stem position below the femoral osteotomy compromise stability and must be avoided with an appropriate surgical technique. Long-term data are not yet available. PMID:25826629

  4. US-Guided Femoral and Sciatic Nerve Blocks for Analgesia During Endovenous Laser Ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yilmaz, Saim, E-mail: ysaim@akdeniz.edu.tr; Ceken, Kagan; Alimoglu, Emel; Sindel, Timur [Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2013-02-15

    Endovenous laser ablation may be associated with significant pain when performed under standard local tumescent anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of femoral and sciatic nerve blocks for analgesia during endovenous ablation in patients with lower extremity venous insufficiency. During a 28-month period, ultrasound-guided femoral or sciatic nerve blocks were performed to provide analgesia during endovenous laser ablation in 506 legs and 307 patients. The femoral block (n = 402) was performed at the level of the inguinal ligament, and the sciatic block at the posterior midthigh (n = 124), by injecting a diluted lidocaine solution under ultrasound guidance. After the blocks, endovenous laser ablations and other treatments (phlebectomy or foam sclerotherapy) were performed in the standard fashion. After the procedures, a visual analogue pain scale (1-10) was used for pain assessment. After the blocks, pain scores were 0 or 1 (no pain) in 240 legs, 2 or 3 (uncomfortable) in 225 legs, and 4 or 5 (annoying) in 41 legs. Patients never experienced any pain higher than score 5. The statistical analysis revealed no significant difference between the pain scores of the right leg versus the left leg (p = 0.321) and between the pain scores after the femoral versus sciatic block (p = 0.7). Ultrasound-guided femoral and sciatic nerve blocks may provide considerable reduction of pain during endovenous laser and other treatments, such as ambulatory phlebectomy and foam sclerotherapy. They may make these procedures more comfortable for the patient and easier for the operator.

  5. Current concept in dysplastic hip arthroplasty: Techniques for acetabular and femoral reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bicanic, Goran; Barbaric, Katarina; Bohacek, Ivan; Aljinovic, Ana; Delimar, Domagoj

    2014-09-18

    Adult patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip develop secondary osteoarthritis and eventually end up with total hip arthroplasty (THA) at younger age. Because of altered anatomy of dysplastic hips, THA in these patients represents technically demanding procedure. Distorted anatomy of the acetabulum and proximal femur together with conjoined leg length discrepancy present major challenges during performing THA in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip. In addition, most patients are at younger age, therefore, soft tissue balance is of great importance (especially the need to preserve the continuity of abductors) to maximise postoperative functional result. In this paper we present a variety of surgical techniques available for THA in dysplastic hips, their advantages and disadvantages. For acetabular reconstruction following techniques are described: Standard metal augments (prefabricated), Custom made acetabular augments (3D printing), Roof reconstruction with vascularized fibula, Roof reconstruction with pedicled iliac graft, Roof reconstruction with autologous bone graft, Roof reconstruction with homologous bone graft, Roof reconstruction with auto/homologous spongious bone, Reinforcement ring with the hook in combination with autologous graft augmentation, Cranial positioning of the acetabulum, Medial protrusion technique (cotyloplasty) with chisel, Medial protrusion technique (cotyloplasty) with reaming, Cotyloplasty without spongioplasty. For femoral reconstruction following techniques were described: Distraction with external fixator, Femoral shortening through a modified lateral approach, Transtrochanteric osteotomies, Paavilainen osteotomy, Lesser trochanter osteotomy, Double-chevron osteotomy, Subtrochanteric osteotomies, Diaphyseal osteotomies, Distal femoral osteotomies. At the end we present author's treatment method of choice: for acetabulum we perform cotyloplasty leaving only paper-thin medial wall, which we break during acetabular cup impacting. For femoral side first we peel of all rotators and posterior part of gluteus medius and vastus lateralis from greater trochanter on the very thin flake of bone. This method allows us to adequately shorten proximal femoral stump, with possibility of additional resection of proximal femur. Furthermore, several advantages and disadvantages of this procedure are also discussed. PMID:25232518

  6. Nervio Femoral Accesorio: Una Variación del Plexo Lumbar / Accessory Femoral Nerve: a Variation of Lumbar Plexus

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    E, Olave; J. J, Cabezas; A, Soto; O, Binvignat.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Variaciones en el origen de los ramos del plexo lumbar son observadas comúnmente durante las disecciones. Entre ellas se pueden mencionar: ausencia del nervio iliohipogástrico, presencia de un nervio obturador accesorio, bifurcación del nervio femoral, entre otras, destacándose la presencia de un ne [...] rvio accesorio del nervio femoral. Durante una disección de rutina, en un cadáver fijado en formaldehido 10%, de un individuo adulto, Chileno, de sexo masculino, se observó la presencia unilateral de este nervio femoral accesorio originado del ramo anterior del nervio femoral, el cual estaba formado por dos ramos, describiendo sus características de origen, trayecto y distribución. Las variaciones anatómicas del plexo lumbar deben ser consideradas en el momento de efectuar cirugías en la región, evitando daños al nervio mencionado u otros, durante la disección quirúrgica. Abstract in english Variations in the origin of the branches of the lumbar plexus are commonly observed during dissections. Among them may be mentioned: absence of iliohypogastric nerve, the presence of an accessory obturator nerve, femoral nerve bifurcation, highlighting the presence of a accessory femoral nerve. Duri [...] ng routine dissection in a cadaver fixed in 10% formaldehyde, an adult individual, Chilean, male, unilateral accessory femoral nerve was observed, originating from the anterior branch of femoral nerve, which consisted of two branches.The characteristics of origin, course and distribution are described. Anatomical variations of the lumbar plexus must always be considered at the time of surgery in the mentioned sector avoiding nerve damage, during surgical dissection.

  7. Early diagnosis for segmental collapse of the femoral head after femoral neck fracture by scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to obtain an early prediction for segmental collapse of the femoral head after femoral neck fracture, we have studied in 53 cases of the femoral neck fracture using 99mTC-MDP scintimetry. According to the radionuclide uptake ratio of the femoral heads, we can estimate the gravity of the avascular necrosis of the femoral head after fracture and recognize the repair process in the necrotic head. Fifty-three cases of fresh fracture were examined by sequential scintigraphy before operation and during follow up examinations after operation. The radionuclide uptake were all increased in 3 to 4 months after operation as comparing with that done before operation. The uptake ratios in 37 cases decreased gradually and approached 1 in 12 months after operation. All of them have an excellent result during follow up examination 36 months after surgery. The uptake ratios in 19 cases were also increased after operation, but still maintained at a high level in 6 to 12 months. They all showed radiographical signs of segmental collapse 18 to 24 months after operation. These results showed that uptake ratio of the radionuclide bone imaging is able to predict the occurrence of segmental collapse of the femoral head after femoral neck fracture. The time of the diagnosis by scintigraphy for segmental collapse of the femoral head is earlier than that by radiography. (authors). 5 refs., 1 tab

  8. Evaluation of a pig femoral head osteonecrosis model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Harry

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A major cause of osteonecrosis of the femoral head is interruption of a blood supply to the proximal femur. In order to evaluate blood circulation and pathogenetic alterations, a pig femoral head osteonecrosis model was examined to address whether ligature of the femoral neck (vasculature deprivation induces a reduction of blood circulation in the femoral head, and whether transphyseal vessels exist for communications between the epiphysis and the metaphysis. We also tested the hypothesis that the vessels surrounding the femoral neck and the ligamentum teres represent the primary source of blood flow to the femoral head. Methods Avascular osteonecrosis of the femoral head was induced in Yorkshire pigs by transecting the ligamentum teres and placing two ligatures around the femoral neck. After heparinized saline infusion and microfil perfusion via the abdominal aorta, blood circulation in the femoral head was evaluated by optical and CT imaging. Results An angiogram of the microfil casted sample allowed identification of the major blood vessels to the proximal femur including the iliac, common femoral, superficial femoral, deep femoral and circumflex arteries. Optical imaging in the femoral neck showed that a microfil stained vessel network was visible in control sections but less noticeable in necrotic sections. CT images showed a lack of microfil staining in the epiphysis. Furthermore, no transphyseal vessels were observed to link the epiphysis to the metaphysis. Conclusion Optical and CT imaging analyses revealed that in this present pig model the ligatures around the femoral neck were the primary cause of induction of avascular osteonecrosis. Since the vessels surrounding the femoral neck are comprised of the branches of the medial and the lateral femoral circumflex vessels, together with the extracapsular arterial ring and the lateral epiphyseal arteries, augmentation of blood circulation in those arteries will improve pathogenetic alterations in the necrotic femoral head. Our pig model can be used for further femoral head osteonecrosis studies.

  9. STUDY OF LATERAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brijesh R. Aghera

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lateral circumflex femoral artery is a one of most important branch of Profunda femoris artery. It is an artery supplying blood to the head and neck of the femur and form anastomosis around upper part of femur. In many cases artery is useful for bypass surgery like aortopopliteal bypass, anterolateral thigh flap, coronary bypass surgery. Hence the knowledge of variations of artery and its branches are useful during operations such as total hip arthroplasty and other surgery to prevent haemorrhage and other complications. Methods: The present study includes 102 lower limbs of adult formalin fixed human cadavers used for the routine dissection procedure for under graduate and post graduate students in the department of Anatomy, M.R. Medical College, KBN Medical college and H K E Homeopathic College, Gulbarga during 2011-2014.The study was done by dissection method as per Cunningham’s manual of practical Anatomy. Results: The origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from profunda femoral artery on lateral aspect was observed in 82 limbs (80.38%.Origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from femoral artery having common stem with Profunda femoris artery were observed in 11 limbs (10.78%.Origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from femoral artery were observed in 7 limbs (7.8%. Conclusion: Concluding and comparison of our study and past studies, all knowledge of the normal anatomy and variations of the site of origin and course of the LCF artery is not only surgical importance during vascular diagnostic intervention and surgeries but also helps in reducing the chances of intra-operative secondary haemorrhage and post-operative complications.

  10. Usefulness of the anterior surface and supracondylar region of the femur as a landmark for femoral rotational alignment in knee surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the possibility that a line tangential to the anterior surface of the femur could serve as a landmark for rotational alignment of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The subjects were 37 women treated with TKA for medial knee osteoarthritis. Before surgery X-ray films and computed tomography scans were obtained. The three axes -the posterior condylar axis, the transepicondylar axis, and the anterior surface at the supracondyle- were constructed on each CT scan, and the angles between two axes were measured with the X-Caliper system. The results obtained from 35 subjects showed that the angle between the transepicondylar axis and the posterior condylar axis ranged from 3.1 to 10.7 degrees and bad a mean value of 6.35±1.93 degrees. The angle between the transepicondylar axis and the anterior femoral surface at the supracondyle ranged from 6.1 to 15.4 degrees and had a mean value of 11.21±2.48 degrees. The anterior surface was internally rotated relative to the posterior condylar axis in all cases, and its value indicated the degree of anterolateral notching. The anterior femoral surface at the supracondylar level is easy to identify during surgery. Thus, it may be a useful landmark for determining the correct rotational alignment of the femoral component in TKA. (author)

  11. Primary Posterior Mediastinum Hydatid Cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary posterior mediastinal hydatid cyst is a serious health problem for the Mediterranean countries. We diagnosed a case of a 46-year-old female with a primary posterior mediastinum hydatid cyst on CT and MRI. It was provisionally identified as either a hydatid cyst or bronchogenic cyst or neuroenteric cyst. CT guided aspiration with 18 gauge needle confirmed as hydatid sand. This is very rare in this population but it should be kept in mind when one is looking at any cyst in the posterior mediastinum. (author)

  12. Positioning of the femoral tunnel for arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: comparative study of 2 techniques / Posicionamento do túnel femoral na reconstrução artroscópica do LCA: estudo comparativo de duas técnicas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto Freire da Mota, Albuquerque; Marco Martins, Amatuzzi; Alexandre Pagotto, Pacheco; Fabio Janson, Angelini; Osmar, Campos Jr.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar a acurácia do posicionamento do túnel femoral na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior através de duas vias: túnel tibial e portal ântero - medial. MÉTODO: Foram perfurados túneis femorais em vinte joelhos de cadáveres humanos por via artroscópica. Grupo I: túnel femoral por [...] acesso trans túnel tibial. Grupo II: via portal ântero-medial. Quatro variáveis foram estudadas: A) espessura da parede posterior; B) posicionamento do túnel no intercôndilo; C) angulação do túnel em relação ao eixo do fêmur; D) distância entre a saída do fio guia e o epicôndilo lateral. RESULTADO: A) grupo I: 2,23 mm, grupo II: 2,36 mm (p=0,543); B) grupo I: 25,5º, grupo II: 30º (p=0,226); C) grupo I: 23,9º, grupo II: 32º (p= 0,014); D) grupo I: 7,8 cm, grupo II 3,9 cm (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of positioning of the femoral tunnel in reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament by means of 2 techniques: tibial tunnel and anteromedial portal. METHOD: Femoral tunnels were drilled in 20 knees from human cadavers by means of arthroscopy. Group I had the femo [...] ral tunnel drilled via a trans-tibial tunnel, and Group II via the anteromedial portal. Four variables were measured: A) posterior wall thickness; B) tunnel positioning at the notch; C) tunnel inclination in relation to the femoral axis; and D) distance between the wire guide exit and the lateral epicondyle. RESULTS: As above, respectively, A) 2.23 mm for group I and 2.36 mm for group II (P =.54); B) 25.5° for group I and 30.0° for group II (P =.23); C) 23.9° for group I and 32.0° for group II (P =.02); D) 7.8 cm for group I and 3.9 cm for group II (P

  13. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    T1-weighted MR images of thirty-six hips in 25 patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head were obtained two to five times during the course of 2 to 26 months. We investigated these MR images in the light of the chronological change and compared them with plain radiographs. MR images changes in 16 femoral head; in general, the abnormal low intensity area in the femoral head reduced in extent and the internal high intensity area became smaller of disappeared. Thirteen femoral heads among them became more flattened on plain radiographs in the same period. It is noted that four different zones are defined in the femoral head after bone necrosis takes place: the dead bone marrow, the dead marrow which still contains fat, the reactive interface and the hyperemic bone marrow. In T1-weighted MR images, the dead bone marrow, the reactive interface and the hyperemic bone marrow are demonstrated as low intensity area, while the dead marrow containing fat may remain high in intensity. On the basis of this knowledge of histopathology and MR images of this disease, we suggest that reduction of the abnormal low intensity area and disappearance of the internal high intensity area on MR images can be regarded as diminution of hyperemia in the living bone marrow and loss of fat in the dead bone marrow, respectively. (author)

  14. Femoral head vitality after intracapsular hip fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Femoral head vitality before, during and at various intervals from the operation was determined by tetracycline labeling and/or 99 sp (m)Tc-MDP scintimetry. In a three-year follow-up, healing prognosis could be determined by scintimetry 3 weeks from operation; deficient femoral head vitality predicting healing complications and retained vitality predicting uncomplicated healing. A comparison between pre- and postoperative scintimetry indicated that further impairment of the femoral head vitality could be caused by the operative procedure, and as tetracycline labeling prior to and after fracture reduction in 370 fractures proved equivalent, it was concluded that the procedure of osteosynthesis probably was responsible for capsular vessel injury, using a four-flanged nail. The four-flanged nail was compared with a low-traumatic method of osteosynthesis, two hook-pins, in a prospective randomized 14 month study, and the postoperative femoral head vitality was significantly better in the hook-pin group. This was also clearly demonstrated in a one-year follow-up for the fractures included in the study. Parallel to these investigations, the reliability of the methods of vitality determination was found satisfactory in methodologic studies. For clinical purpose, primary atraumatic osteosynthesis, postoperative prognostic scintimetry and early secondary arthroplasty when indicated, was concluded to be the appropriate approach to femoral neck fracture treatment. (Author)

  15. Radiographic evaluation of the canine elbow joint with special reference to the medial humeral condyle and the medial coronoid process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of radiographic examination of clinically affected elbow joints in 14 young, large-breed dogs, including standard and oblique projections and linear tomography, were compared with the findings of medial arthrotomy. Radiographs revealed arthrosis (13 dogs), osteochondrosis of the medial humeral condyle (2 dogs), fragmentation of the medial coronoid process (5 dogs), and a combination of osteochondrosis of the medial humeral condyle and fragmentation of the medial coronoid process (2 dogs). In one dog fissures in the medial coronoid process and in another dog a linear radiopacity along the articular surface of the medial coronoid process were found. In three dogs both medial humeral condyle and medial coronoid process appeared normal. The radiographic findings were confirmed during surgery in 11 dogs. Cartilage erosion of the medial humeral condyle in two dogs and of the medial coronoid process in one dog had not resulted in radiographically visible abnormalities. Radiographic examination of the elbow joints in young, large-breed dogs should include standard mediolateral and craniocaudal projections, a mediolateral projection with the joint maximally extended and the leg supinated 15°, and a craniolateral-to-caudomedial projection

  16. Strain induced in the condyle by self-tapping screws in the Biomet alloplastic temporomandibular joint: a preliminary experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, A; Duarte, R J; Mesnard, M

    2015-11-01

    The main aim of this study was to analyze how screws affect the strain concentration induced on the mandibular condyle during implantation, screwing, and drilling, as well as after condylar loading. A clean cadaveric mandible was analyzed experimentally in the intact state and was then implanted with a Biomet/Lorenz Microfixation temporomandibular joint (TMJ) implant with seven bicortical self-tapping screws. The external surface of the mandible was instrumented with three strain gauges. A load of 500N on the TMJ was applied to the condyle before and after implantation. The results showed a strain concentration of -1500?? near the screws due to their implantation on the external surface of the mandible. The drilling process induced up to 80?? near the hole. The strain concentration did not change when there were more than six screws. Loading on the TMJ before and after implantation presented only a 10% difference in maximum principal strain. This study demonstrates the importance of the strain concentration induced by the screws. The process of implanting screws shows the importance of lateral surface preparation for a good fit in the condyle. Strain distribution after implantation and loading of the Biomet implant was found to be similar to that in the intact condyle. PMID:26194773

  17. Late presentation of fractures of the lateral condyle of the humerus in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khare Ghanshyam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The current controversy regarding the management of fractures of the lateral condyle of the humerus presenting between 3 to 12 weeks prompted us to evaluate our results of open reduction and internal fixation of such fractures. Patients and Methods: Twenty-one patients operated between March 1995 and February 2001 qualified for this study. Five patients presented between 3-4 weeks, nine between 5-8 weeks and seven between 9-12 weeks post injury. Ten fractures were classified as stage II and eleven as stage III (Jacob et al. criteria. The mean age was 8 years (range: 4-14 years. All patients underwent surgery (open reduction and internal fixation with K-wires/screw, with or without bone grafting. The results were assessed by the modified criteria of Agarwal et al. after an average follow-up of 2.3 years. Results: Excellent to good results were observed in all the five patients presenting at 3-4 weeks post injury. In the patients presenting at 5-8 weeks, the results were excellent in one, good in four, fair in three, and poor in one patient. The fracture united in all cases; however, malunion was observed in four patients. The fractures that were operated at 9-12 weeks showed good results in one case, fair result in three cases, and poor result in three cases. Avascular necrosis of the lateral condyle in one patient, premature fusion in two patients, pin tract infection in three patients, and gross restriction of elbow movements in three patients were the major complications in this group. Accurate reduction was difficult as a result of new bone formation and remodeling at the fracture surfaces. Multiple incisions over the common extensor aponeurosis and bone graft supplementation were helpful for achieving acceptable reduction. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation is recommended in all cases of displaced fractures of the lateral condyle of the humerus presenting at up to 12 weeks post injury. However, the results become poorer with increase in duration after injury and the grade of displacement. To avoid complications it is important to carry out careful dissection of the soft tissue attachments and to mobilize the fragment without the use of force.

  18. Missed isolated posterior malleolar fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Ozler, Turhan; Guven, Melih; Onal, Ayberk; Ulucay, Cagatay; Beyzadeoglu, Tahsin; Altintas, Faik

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate the injury mechanism and clinical and radiological results of the patients with isolated posterior malleolar fracture.Methods: Seven patients (5 male, 2 female; mean age: 32 years; range: 23-40) with a missed isolated posterior malleolar fracture were included in the study. All patients had initially been examined for an ankle sprain in the emergency room, where the initial plain radiographs did not show any abnormality. Due to the long lasting ...

  19. Variations of posterior vitreous detachment

    OpenAIRE

    Kakehashi, A; Kado, M.; Akiba, J.; Hirokawa, H

    1997-01-01

    AIMS—To identify variations in posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and establish a clinical classification system for PVD.?METHODS—400 consecutive eyes were examined using biomicroscopy and vitreous photography and classified the PVD variations—complete PVD with collapse, complete PVD without collapse, partial PVD with thickened posterior vitreous cortex (TPVC), or partial PVD without TPVC.?RESULTS—In each PVD type, the most frequently seen ocular pathologies were as follows: in complete PVD ...

  20. Visual attention in posterior stroke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Charlotte; Petersen, Anders; Iversen, Helle K; Delfi, Tzvetelina; Vangkilde, Signe; Starrfelt, Randi

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Impaired visual attention is common following strokes in the territory of the middle cerebral artery, particularly in the right hemisphere. However, attentional effects of more posterior lesions are less clear. The aim of this study was to characterize visual processing speed and apprehension span following posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke. We also relate these attentional parameters to visual word recognition, as previous studies have suggested that reduced visual speed and spa...

  1. Avaliação do crescimento condilar através de cintilografia óssea em pacientes com mordida cruzada posterior funcional / Assessment of condylar growth by skeletal scintigraphy in patients with posterior functional crossbite

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pepita Sampaio Cardoso, Sekito; Myrela Cardoso, Costa; Edson, Boasquevisque; Jonas, Capelli Junior.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar a atividade de crescimento condilar em 10 pacientes com mordida cruzada posterior funcional antes e após a correção, usando a cintilografia óssea mandibular. MÉTODOS: os pacientes receberam injeção endovenosa de contraste radioativo (Technesium-99m, difosfato de metileno de sódio) [...] . Após duas horas, imagens cintilográficas planares foram realizadas por meio de uma câmera Gama. Imagens laterais da boca fechada, mostrando os côndilos direito e esquerdo, foram usadas. Uma imagem da quarta vértebra lombar também foi usada como referência. RESULTADOS: diferenças estatisticamente significativas não foram encontradas nos valores da taxa de absorção, em ambos os lados, quando os períodos de pré-tratamento e pós-tratamento foram analisados separadamente e também quando os períodos de pré-tratamento e pós-tratamento foram analisados no mesmo lado. Não foram encontradas diferenças na atividade de crescimento condilar em pacientes com mordida cruzada posterior funcional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the condylar growth activity in 10 patients with functional posterior crossbite before and after correction, using the mandibular bone skeletal scintigraphy. METHODS: Patients received endovenous injection of radioactive contrast (Technesium-99m labeling, sodium meth [...] ylene diphosphate). After two hours, planar scintigraphic images were taken by means of a Gamma camera. Lateral images of the closed mouth, showing the right and left condyles, were used. An image of the 4th lumbar vertebra was also used as reference. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were not found in the uptake rate values, on both sides when pre-treatment and post-treatment periods were analyzed separately and also when pre-treatment and post-treatment periods were analyzed in the same side. No differences were found in the condylar growth activity, in patients with functional posterior crossbite.

  2. Comparison of conventional panoramic radiography and panoramic digital subtraction radiography in detection of simulated lesions of mandibular condyle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panjnoush M.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available "n  "nBackground and Aim: Digital subtraction Radiography (DSR is a method of accurate assessing condylar head changes. several studies have been carried out in applying DSR in dentistry, however there is a few number of studies in efficacy of DSR method in assesment of condylar head changes, The aim of this study was to compare panoramic radiography and DSR detecting simulated lesions of the mandibular condyl. "nMaterials and Methods: this was a process reaserch study, in which two dry human skulls with no obvious temporomandibular joint pathology were used. Osteophytic lesions were simulated using three sizes of bone chips that were placed on the medial portion of anterior and superolateral aspects of the condyle. Osteolytic lesions were simulated making 1 and 2 mm holes using round burr in the central portion of anterior aspect and Lateral pole of the condyle. Panoramic radiographs were prepared with and without the lesions in place. These paired radiographs were digitized and digital- subtraction images of the original panoramic images were obtained. Eight observers evaluated 155 images of each modality for the presence or absence and the type of simulated lesions of the mandibular condyle. Sensitivity, specificity, reliability and measure of agreement were analyzed using kappa test and crossed tables and qualitative variables were assess by chi-square and fisher's Exact test. "nResults: Specificity of panoramic and DSR methods were 15.4% and 66.7% respectively. Sensitivity of panoramic and DSR methods were 61.1% and 80.6% for osteophytic lesions and 37.5% and 83.3% for Osteolytic lesions. The percentage of correct decisions made in DSR method was significantly more than conventional panoramic method (82.6% vs 41.9% (p<0.0001. "nConclusion: Based on the results of this study digital subtraction technique was significantly more accurate than the panoramic radiographs in detection of simulated lesions of the mandibular condyle.

  3. Characterization of Occipital Condyle and Comparison of its Dimensions with Head and Foramen Magnum Circumferences in Dry Skulls of Iran / Caracterización del Cóndilo Occipital y Comparación de sus Dimensiones con la Circunferencia de la Cabeza y Foramen Magno en Cráneos Secos de Irán

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Parvindokht, Bayat; Mahdie, Bagheri; Ali, Ghanbari; Amir, Raoofi.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El cóndilo occipital (CO) es una estructura relevante en la cirugía craneovertebral, pero sus características anatómicas y procedimientos quirúrgicos relativos al CO no se han estudiado detalladamente. El objetivo fue revisar la anatomía de la región del CO y evaluar las variaciones de sus estructur [...] as circundantes. Fueron observados 50 cráneos secos (100 lados) y se determinaron las mediciones del CO. La longitud media según lado fue 19,43±3,27 mm (derecho) y 19,28 ± 3,57 mm (izquierdo), el ancho medio fue 9,21±1,97 mm (derecho) y 9,40±1,87 mm (izquierda) y la altura media fue 7,21±1,9 mm (derecho) y 7,33±2,74 mm (izquierdo). Hubo diferencias significativas entre los CO derechos e izquierdos. La distancia intercondílea anterior y posterior media fue de 15,39±7 mm y 35,60±8,4 mm, respectivamente. La variación de formas del CO fue de riñon (34,4%), de S (25,6%), triangular (13,3%), oval (10,0%), de anillo (7,8%), de ocho (6,7%) y deformada (2,2%). La fosa condilar se observó en el 60% de los casos, 24% en lado derecho y 36% en el izquierdo; también el foramen condilar se encontró en el 60% de los casos. No se encontró relación entre la circunferencia de la cabeza y la longitud del CO, pero encontramos relación entre la circunferencia de la cabeza y el ancho del CO (0,527) y circunferencia del foramen magno (0,433). El CO y foramen magno son las principales estructuras óseas que constribuyen a rodear y proteger el tronco cerebral. Las diferencias en el tamaño y forma del CO tiene algunas diferencias y similitudes entre subgrupos raciales. La vena condilar posterior puede presentarse de manera asimétrica. La correlación del tamaño de foramen magno con el ancho de los CO muestra su relevancia en movimientos laterales y anteroposteriores. Abstract in english The occipital condyle (OC) is an important area in craniovertebral surgery, but its anatomical features and the procedures concerning the OC have not been studied in detail yet. The aim of this study was to revisit the anatomy of the occipital condyle region and assess variations of the surrounding [...] structures. Observations, on fifty dry skulls (dried specimens, 100 sides) and determined of condyle measurements. The mean length, width and height of occipital condyle were found to be 19.43±3.27 (right), 19.28±3.57 (left), 9.21±1.97 (right) 9.40±1.87 (left), 7.21±1.9 (right) and 7.33±2.74 mm (left), respectively. There were significant differences between right and left occipital condyles. The mean anterior intercondylar distance and posterior intercondylar distance were measured as 15.39±7 and 35.60±8.4 mm, respectively. Variations of occipital condyle shapes were kidney like (34.4%), S-like (25.6), triangular (13.3%) oval (10.0%), ring like (7.8%), eight like (6.7%) and deformed (2.2%) respectively. The condylar fossa presented in 60% of dry skull, 24% in right side and 36% in left side and also the condylar foramen was found in 60% of the specimens studied. There was no relation between the circumference of the head and the length of OC but we found relation between the circumference of the head and the width of OC (0.527) and foramen magnum circumference (0.433). The OC and FM are the main bony structures obstructing the surround of the brainstem. The differences in the size and the shape of occipital condyle have some differences and also similarities among racial subgroups. The posterior condylar vein may act asymmetrically. The correlation of the size of foramen magnum with the width of occipital condyles shows the importance of occipital condyle for lateral movements besides antero-posterior movements.

  4. Management of a Case of Ruptured Pseudoaneurysm and Stenosis of Femoral Artery Caused by Femoral Osteochondroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Vipin; Kalia, Sandeep; Pathak, Shivam

    2015-01-01

    We present a rare case of ruptured pseudoaneurysm of distal femoral artery due to osteochondroma in a 21-year- old male. The patient was initially treated for osteochondroma as ruptured pseudoaneurysm was not suspected. Diagnosis of ruptured pseudoaneurysm could only be made intraoperatively when rent in the femoral artery was found along with surrounding hematoma and obstruction in the distal femoral artery. Patient underwent multiple surgeries (resection of osteochondroma and femoro-popliteal bypass) and recovered well with palpable pulsations in the operated limb. PMID:25738025

  5. Femoral component loosening after hip resurfacing arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zustin, Jozef; Sauter, Guido [University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Institute of Pathology, Hamburg (Germany); Hahn, Michael [University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Biomechanics and Skeletal Biology, Hamburg (Germany); Morlock, Michael M. [TUHH Hamburg University of Technology, Biomechanics Section, Hamburg (Germany); Ruether, Wolfgang [University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Orthopaedics, Hamburg (Germany); Amling, Michael [University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Biomechanics and Skeletal Biology, Hamburg (Germany); University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Hamburg (Germany)

    2010-08-15

    Before the re-introduction of the current generation of total hip resurfacing arthroplasty, component loosening and osteolysis were of great concern to the orthopaedic community. Early, mid- and long-term clinical results are encouraging, but component loosening still exists. Macroscopic, contact radiographic and histopathological analyses after undecalcified preparation of bone tissue specimens were performed. To investigate the frequency and morphological patterns of the loosening of the femoral component, we analysed a series of 190 retrieved femoral remnants that were revised for aseptic failures. Thirty-five (18.4%) hips were revised for clinical and/or radiographic loosening of the femoral component. Pseudoarthrosis (n = 17; median in situ time: 16 weeks, interquartile range [IQR]: 9 to 34), collapsed osteonecrosis (n = 5; median in situ time: 79 weeks, IQR: 63 to 97), cement-socket debonding (n = 3; median in situ time: 89 weeks, IQR: 54 to 97) and at later follow-up bone-cement loosening (n = 10; median in situ time: 175 weeks; IQR 112 to 198; p =0.005) were distinct patterns of the femoral remnant-implant loosening. Fibrocartilaginous metaplasia of interface bone trabeculae (n = 38; median in situ time: 61 weeks, IQR: 32 to 138) was strongly associated with femoral component loosening (p = 0.009). Both the trabecular hyperosteoidosis (n = 32; median in situ time: 71 weeks, IQR 50 to 129) and excessive intraosseous lymphocyte infiltration (n = 12; median in situ time: 75 weeks, IQR 51 to 98) at the bone-cement interface correlated strongly with fibrocartilaginous metaplasia (p = 0.001 and p = 0.016 respectively) and all three lesions were associated with the female gender (p = 0.021, p = 0.009, and p = 0.051). Femoral component loosening at early follow-up was mostly caused by pathological changes of the femoral remnant bone tissue: pseudoarthrosis and collapsed osteonecrosis. Fibrocartilaginous metaplasia was frequently observed in hips with femoral component loosening. The potential role of interface hyperosteoidosis as a precursor lesion of bone-cement loosening and its possible association with delayed type hypersensitivity reaction are discussed. (orig.)

  6. Femoral component loosening after hip resurfacing arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Before the re-introduction of the current generation of total hip resurfacing arthroplasty, component loosening and osteolysis were of great concern to the orthopaedic community. Early, mid- and long-term clinical results are encouraging, but component loosening still exists. Macroscopic, contact radiographic and histopathological analyses after undecalcified preparation of bone tissue specimens were performed. To investigate the frequency and morphological patterns of the loosening of the femoral component, we analysed a series of 190 retrieved femoral remnants that were revised for aseptic failures. Thirty-five (18.4%) hips were revised for clinical and/or radiographic loosening of the femoral component. Pseudoarthrosis (n = 17; median in situ time: 16 weeks, interquartile range [IQR]: 9 to 34), collapsed osteonecrosis (n = 5; median in situ time: 79 weeks, IQR: 63 to 97), cement-socket debonding (n = 3; median in situ time: 89 weeks, IQR: 54 to 97) and at later follow-up bone-cement loosening (n = 10; median in situ time: 175 weeks; IQR 112 to 198; p =0.005) were distinct patterns of the femoral remnant-implant loosening. Fibrocartilaginous metaplasia of interface bone trabeculae (n = 38; median in situ time: 61 weeks, IQR: 32 to 138) was strongly associated with femoral component loosening (p = 0.009). Both the trabecular hyperosteoidosis (n = 32; median in situ time: 71 weeks, IQR 50 to 129) and excessive intraosseous lymphocyte infiltration (n = 12; median in situ time: 75 weeks, IQR 51 to 98) at the bone-cement interface correlated strongly with fibrocartilaginous metaplasia (p = 0.001 and p = 0.016 respectively) and all three lesions were associated with the female gender (p = 0.021, p = 0.009, and p = 0.051). Femoral component loosening at early follow-up was mostly caused by pathological changes of the femoral remnant bone tissue: pseudoarthrosis and collapsed osteonecrosis. Fibrocartilaginous metaplasia was frequently observed in hips with femoral component loosening. The potential role of interface hyperosteoidosis as a precursor lesion of bone-cement loosening and its possible association with delayed type hypersensitivity reaction are discussed. (orig.)

  7. External fixation of complex femoral shaft fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Zlowodzki, M.; Prakash, J. S.; N.K Aggarwal

    2006-01-01

    Conversion of temporary external fixation to an intramedullary nail within the first 2 weeks after a femoral shaft fracture is standard practice. However, due to financial constraints, in large parts of the world external fixation of femoral shaft fractures is often the definitive treatment. Out of 60 fractures, 47 were followed-up for a minimum period of 39 weeks. The average follow-up time was 75 weeks. Fourteen fractures were closed, and 33 open. Forty-four fractures united at an average o...

  8. Tratamiento de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Alvarez López

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de actualización acerca del tratamiento de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral. El objetivo consiste en profundizar sobre los métodos de tratamiento en el estadio inicial y tardío. En el estadio inicial se hace referencia a la suspensión del apoyo, al tratamiento farmacológico, la oxigenación hiperbárica, la estimulación eléctrica y las perforaciones o trepanaciones de la cabeza femoral, mostrando en esta última resultados de diversos autores. En el tratamiento de las osteonecrosis en estadio avanzado o tardío se recomienda el uso de osteotomías, técnica de Merle D Aubigne; hemiartroplastia con copa, con prótesis parcial o artroplastia total de cadera.

  9. MR imaging of Segond fractures and related lateral tibial condyl injuries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors evaluated 54 patients with lateral tibial condyl contusion. On the basis of MR and plain film findings, these patients were divided into three groups. The first group consisted of 12 patients with Segond fractures. The second group (29 patients) had identical findings on MR but no Segond fracture on plain films. The third group of 13 patients demonstrated a different constellation of MR findings. The authors concluded that the Segond fracture has a characteristic constellation of osseous and ligamentous findings on MR imaging and that a Segond-type injury mechanism exists that results in a knee injury with MR findings similar to those of the Segond fracture but without the cortical avulsion

  10. Endoscope-assisted intraoral excision of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Divya; Gadre, Pushkar; Gadre, Kiran; Setiya, Sneha

    2015-04-01

    Osteochondroma (OC) is one of the most common bony lesions of the skeleton. It is rare in the maxillofacial region and reported infrequently in the literature. This lesion is considered the most common of benign tumors of the temporomandibular joint. It is usually associated with the coronoid, followed by the condyloid process. OC can affect any bone formed from cartilage and can arise spontaneously or as a result of osseous trauma. It usually protrudes from the surface of bone and is covered with cartilage. Most condylar OCs present as progressive limitation of mandibular movements, facial asymmetry, malocclusion, pain, and deviation in mouth opening. Extraoral approaches to the OCs, which are usually located on the medial pole of the condyle, provide ease of accessibility, although there is an inherent likelihood of damage to the facial nerve and scarring. The use of a transoral endoscope-assisted conservative approach for the removal of OCs produces the desired favorable esthetic and functional results. PMID:25636973

  11. Quantitative Assessment of Radioisotope Uptake in Condyles by SPECT Bone Scintigraphy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Dalili

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of problem: Condylar hyperplasia of the mandible is a self limiting abnormality which can cause facial asymmetry, temporomandibular joint (TMJdysfunction and esthetic problems. Treatment planning is based on the results of isotope scanning, clinical findings and patient age. Single photon emission tomography(SPECT is considered to be a sensitive method in the calculation of condylar uptake differences.Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the growth activity occurring in the mandibular condyles, and to devise an index of side-to-side differences in condylar activity in different individuals.Material and Methods: 38 patients, with an age range of 13 to 34 years, undergoing skeletal scintigraphy for a variety of conditions, were chosen for this study. 25 mci TC-99 was injected to all subjects in order to assess the difference between right (Rt andleft (Lt condylar uptake percentage and to calculate the Lt to Rt condylar uptake ratio.The normal index was determined.Results: The maximum amount of difference between the uptake of Rt and Lt condyles was 6.2 percent (Lt side and Rt side were 53.1 % and 46.9 %, respectively in the male patients and 5.7 percent in the female patients (Lt side and Rt side were 52.85 % and 47.15 %, respectively. The condylar activity difference and ratio of Lt to Rt condylar uptakes did not show a significant difference between the male and female groups.Conclusion: The difference between the growth activity of RT and LT normal TMJs was less than 6.2 percent.

  12. Morphological Changes of Condyles and Helkimo Clinical Dysfunction Index in Patients Treated with Herbst - Orthodontic Appliance

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Antonio de Arruda, Aidar; Marcio, Abrahao; Helio K., Yamashita; Gladys Cristina, Dominguez.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo avaliou as mudanças morfológicas nas cabeças da mandíbula das articulações temporo mandibulares (ATMs) e calculou o índex de disfunção clínico de Helkimo (IDC) em adolescentes com má oclusão de Classe II Divisão1 e retrognatismo mandibular, tratados com aparelho de Herbst (fase I) e apar [...] elho ortodôntico fixo (fase II). Trinta e dois adolescentes consecutivos passaram pela fase I e 23 completaram a fase II. As ATMs foram avaliadas qualitativamente por meio de imagem da resonância magnética (IRM) ao início do tratamento (T1), durante a fase I (T2), no final da fase I (T3) e no final da fase II (T4). O IDC foi calculado em T1, T3 e T4. De T1 a T3 (p=0,326) não ocorreram mudanças na morfologia da cabeça da mandíbula em 86,0% das ATMs. De T3 a T4 (p Abstract in english This study evaluated the morphological changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyles and calculated the Helkimo clinical dysfunction index (CDI) in adolescents with Class II Division 1 malocclusion and mandibular retrognathism treated with the Herbst appliance (phase I) and fixed orthodontic [...] appliances (phase II). Thirty-two consecutive adolescents underwent phase I, and 23 completed phase II. The TMJs were evaluated qualitatively using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the beginning of treatment (T1), during phase I (T2), at the end of phase I (T3) and at the end of phase II (T4). The CDI was calculated at T1, T3 and T4. From T1 to T3 (p=0.326), there were no changes in condyle morphology in 86.0% of the TMJs. From T3 to T4 (p

  13. Assessment of bone quality in the isolated femoral head for intracapsular fractures of the femoral head. Analysis of bone architecture using micro-CT and pQCT, and comparison with extracapsular fractures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Block sections were prepared from the five locations, central portion, superior portion, inferior portion, anterior portion, and posterior portion, of the region around the fracture of the femoral head isolated from 21 patients (16 patients with intracapsular fracture, 5 patients with extracapsular fracture). Cancellous bone microstructure, cortical bone thickness, and bone density were evaluated and analyzed for differences in the mechanism from which intracapsular versus extracapsular fracture and fragility developed. The method of evaluating the bone architecture differed from conventional bone histomorphometry of hard tissues and involved non-invasive micro-CT measurements, while the bone density was measured by peripheral quantitative computed topography (pQCT). The results indicate that in comparison to patients with extracapsular fractures, patients with intracapsular fractures showed significant decreases in the trabecular thickness of superior and posterior portions in the cancellous bone. The cortical bone thickness was significantly decreased in the superior portion. Bone density was significantly decreased in the superior portion, while in the extracapsular fracture group density tended to be lower in the inferior, anterior, and posterior portions, although this was not statistically significant. Although there have been previous studies on the bone quality of the femoral head isolated from intracapsular fracture of the femoral head, most reports are of two-dimensional analysis of coronal sections. As far as we are aware, there have been no previous reports comparing individual locations to extracapsular fractures. In view of the various reports that bone density is lower in the extracapsular fracture compared to the intracapsular fracture, we speculate that extracapsular fracture results from the effects of external forces on decreased bone density, while in the intracapsular fracture type, thinning of the superior portion of the cortical bone creates fragile areas in the superior and posterior portions of the cancellous bone; therefore, the factors involved in the development of the fracture are similar to a fatigue fracture. (author)

  14. Early roentgenological grading of femoral shortening is correlated to the late outcome after femoral neck fractures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using orthoradiography, the distance between the centre of the femoral head and the intercondylar notch was assessed at regular intervals in 144 patients who were followed for a 2-year period after osteosynthesis of a femoral neck fracture. Late complications, such as segmental collapse and non-union, occurred in 27% of the patients. The degree of femoral shortening was significantly correlated to the incidence of late complications. At 1 month, femoral shortening of more than 5 mm was observed in 85% of patients who developed late complications, and in only 5% of patients without such complications. Thus, the observation of a shortening of more than 5 mm predicted a greater than 6-fold increase of the incidence of late complications. The prognostic accuracy of this observation 1 month after treatment was 92%. (orig.)

  15. Ruptured true superficial femoral artery aneurysm / Aneurisma verdadeiro roto de arteria femoral superficial

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ani Loize, Arendt; Robinson de Menezes do, Amaral; Mariana Sesterhenn, Vieira; Rafael de Nogueira, Ribeiro; Rodrigo, Argenta.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Os aneurismas de artéria femoral são raros e ocorrem geralmente em pacientes idosos. Estão frequentemente associados a outros aneurismas, tanto periféricos como de aorta abdominal. O presente relato refere-se a um jovem portador de aneurisma de artéria femoral superficial (AFS), cuja apresentação cl [...] ínica foi a ruptura. O paciente foi submetido ao tratamento convencional, com ressecção do aneurisma e interposição de veia safena magna ipsilateral. A revisão da literatura corrobora a raridade do caso Abstract in english Femoral artery aneurysms are rare and generally affect elderly patients. They are often diagnosed in combination with aneurysms in other locations, such as peripheral and aortic aneurysms. This case report describes a young patient whose superficial femoral artery (SFA) had a clinical presentation s [...] uggestive of a ruptured aneurysm. The patient underwent standard treatment, with aneurysmectomy and interposition of the ipsilateral saphenous vein. A review of the literature confirms the rarity of this case

  16. Ruptured true superficial femoral artery aneurysm / Aneurisma verdadeiro roto de arteria femoral superficial

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ani Loize, Arendt; Robinson de Menezes do, Amaral; Mariana Sesterhenn, Vieira; Rafael de Nogueira, Ribeiro; Rodrigo, Argenta.

    2013-09-25

    Full Text Available Os aneurismas de artéria femoral são raros e ocorrem geralmente em pacientes idosos. Estão frequentemente associados a outros aneurismas, tanto periféricos como de aorta abdominal. O presente relato refere-se a um jovem portador de aneurisma de artéria femoral superficial (AFS), cuja apresentação cl [...] ínica foi a ruptura. O paciente foi submetido ao tratamento convencional, com ressecção do aneurisma e interposição de veia safena magna ipsilateral. A revisão da literatura corrobora a raridade do caso Abstract in english Femoral artery aneurysms are rare and generally affect elderly patients. They are often diagnosed in combination with aneurysms in other locations, such as peripheral and aortic aneurysms. This case report describes a young patient whose superficial femoral artery (SFA) had a clinical presentation s [...] uggestive of a ruptured aneurysm. The patient underwent standard treatment, with aneurysmectomy and interposition of the ipsilateral saphenous vein. A review of the literature confirms the rarity of this case

  17. Immunohistological analysis of extracted anterior cruciate ligament graft impinged against posterior cruciate ligament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kato So

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A young female athlete suffered from the residual instability of the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL reconstruction with hamstring autograft. The 3-dimensional (3-D CT scan showed the "high noon" positioning of the primary femoral bone tunnel. The revision surgery with anatomic double-bundle technique was performed two years after the primary surgery and the femoral tunnels were created with the assistance of the 3-D fluoroscopy-based navigation. An arthroscopic examination confirmed the ACL graft impingement against posterior cruciate ligament (PCL when the knee was deeply flexed. The histological analysis of the resected primary ACL graft showed local inflammatory infiltration, enhanced synovial coverage and vascularization at the impinged site. The enhanced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF at the impinged area when compared with non-impinged area was observed on immunohistochemical analysis. Abnormal mechanical stress by the impingement against PCL might have induced chronic inflammation and VEGF overexpression.

  18. Proximal Femoral Allograft for Major Segmental Femoral Bone Loss: A Systematic Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, B. A.; Sternheim, A.; D. Backstein; Safir, O.; A. E. Gross

    2011-01-01

    As the indications for total hip arthroplasty increase, the prevalence of extensive proximal femoral bone loss will increase as a consequence of massive osteolysis, stress shielding and multiple revisions. Proximal femoral bone stock deficiency provides a major challenge for revision hip arthroplasty and is likely to account for a significant future caseload. Various surgical techniques have been advocated included impaction allografting, distal press-fit fixation and massive endoprosthetic r...

  19. Internal derangement of the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture: MR imaging findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. This study uses magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to delineate the types and frequencies of injuries seen in the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture. We also compare the results of the orthopedic knee examination with the MR findings. Design and patients. MR imaging of the ipsilateral knee was performed on 34 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures. Indications for knee MR imaging included knee pain at the time of fracture, soft tissue swelling or an effusion of the knee, or a positive knee examination under anesthesia. The patients had a mean age of 27 years and all were stabilized with intramedullary nails. Imaging was performed a mean time of 2.5 days after surgery. All patients had knee examinations done under anesthesia, and the MR results were compiled and compared with the clinical examinations. Results. Ninety-seven percent of patients demonstrated knee effusions. Twenty-seven percent of patients demonstrated meniscal tears, with the posterior horn of the medial meniscus most frequently torn. The medial collateral ligament was the most frequent site of ligamentous injury (38%) followed by the posterior cruciate ligament (21%). Fifty percent of patients had injuries of the extensor mechanism. Bone bruises were noted in 32% of patients. Articular cartilage injuries were confined to the patella in four cases. One occult tibial plateau fracture and one meniscocapsular separation were seen. Conclusions. There is a common incidence of both ligamentous and meniscal injury to the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture. MR imaging can be useful in assessing the extent of injury, and may reveal findings unsuspected after clinical examination of the knee. (orig.)

  20. Internal derangement of the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture: MR imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blacksin, M.F.; Zurlo, J.V. [Department of Radiology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ (United States); Levy, A.S. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, University Hospital, Newark, NJ 07103-2426 (United States)

    1998-08-01

    Objective. This study uses magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to delineate the types and frequencies of injuries seen in the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture. We also compare the results of the orthopedic knee examination with the MR findings. Design and patients. MR imaging of the ipsilateral knee was performed on 34 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures. Indications for knee MR imaging included knee pain at the time of fracture, soft tissue swelling or an effusion of the knee, or a positive knee examination under anesthesia. The patients had a mean age of 27 years and all were stabilized with intramedullary nails. Imaging was performed a mean time of 2.5 days after surgery. All patients had knee examinations done under anesthesia, and the MR results were compiled and compared with the clinical examinations. Results. Ninety-seven percent of patients demonstrated knee effusions. Twenty-seven percent of patients demonstrated meniscal tears, with the posterior horn of the medial meniscus most frequently torn. The medial collateral ligament was the most frequent site of ligamentous injury (38%) followed by the posterior cruciate ligament (21%). Fifty percent of patients had injuries of the extensor mechanism. Bone bruises were noted in 32% of patients. Articular cartilage injuries were confined to the patella in four cases. One occult tibial plateau fracture and one meniscocapsular separation were seen. Conclusions. There is a common incidence of both ligamentous and meniscal injury to the knee after ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture. MR imaging can be useful in assessing the extent of injury, and may reveal findings unsuspected after clinical examination of the knee. (orig.) With 4 figs., 2 tabs., 13 refs.

  1. Transvenous liver biopsy via the femoral vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AIM: To study the safety, effectiveness and diagnostic value of transvenous forceps biopsy of the liver in 54 patients with coagulopathy, gross ascites or morbid obesity and suspected liver disease in whom percutaneous liver biopsy was contraindicated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forceps biopsy of the liver via the femoral vein was attempted in 54 adult patients with advanced liver disease of unknown aetiology who had coagulation disorders (41 cases), gross ascites (11 cases) or morbid obesity (two cases). In each patient two to six biopsies (average four) were taken using a radial jaw forceps inserted via the right or left femoral vein. RESULTS: The procedure was successful in 53 cases. Hepatic vein catheterization failed in one patient. Adequate liver tissue for diagnosis was obtained in 84% of cases. One patient developed delayed haemorrhage at 12 h from a capsular leak that was undetected during the biopsy procedure. This patient required blood transfusions and laparotomy to control bleeding. There were no deaths in the 53 patients studied. Transient minor chest and shoulder pain was encountered during sheath insertion into a hepatic vein in 23 patients. Three patients developed a femoral vein haematoma, which resolved with conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Transvenous liver biopsy via the femoral vein is another safe, effective, simple alternative technique of biopsy when the percutaneous route is contraindicated

  2. Transvenous liver biopsy via the femoral vein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khosa, F. E-mail: fkhosa@hotmail.com; McNulty, J.G.; Hickey, N.; O' Brien, P.; Tobin, A.; Noonan, N.; Ryan, B.; Keeling, P.W.N.; Kelleher, D.P.; McDonald, G.S.A

    2003-06-01

    AIM: To study the safety, effectiveness and diagnostic value of transvenous forceps biopsy of the liver in 54 patients with coagulopathy, gross ascites or morbid obesity and suspected liver disease in whom percutaneous liver biopsy was contraindicated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forceps biopsy of the liver via the femoral vein was attempted in 54 adult patients with advanced liver disease of unknown aetiology who had coagulation disorders (41 cases), gross ascites (11 cases) or morbid obesity (two cases). In each patient two to six biopsies (average four) were taken using a radial jaw forceps inserted via the right or left femoral vein. RESULTS: The procedure was successful in 53 cases. Hepatic vein catheterization failed in one patient. Adequate liver tissue for diagnosis was obtained in 84% of cases. One patient developed delayed haemorrhage at 12 h from a capsular leak that was undetected during the biopsy procedure. This patient required blood transfusions and laparotomy to control bleeding. There were no deaths in the 53 patients studied. Transient minor chest and shoulder pain was encountered during sheath insertion into a hepatic vein in 23 patients. Three patients developed a femoral vein haematoma, which resolved with conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Transvenous liver biopsy via the femoral vein is another safe, effective, simple alternative technique of biopsy when the percutaneous route is contraindicated.

  3. Posterior polar cataract: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantan, Hatem

    2012-01-01

    Posterior polar cataract is a rare form of congenital cataract. It is usually inherited as an autosomal dominant disease, yet it can be sporadic. Five genes have been attributed to the formation of this disease. It is highly associated with complications during surgery, such as posterior capsule rupture and nucleus drop. The reason for this high complication rate is the strong adherence of the opacity to the weak posterior capsule. Different surgical strategies were described for the handling of this challenging entity, most of which emphasized the need for gentle maneuvering in dealing with these cases. It has a unique clinical appearance that should not be missed in order to anticipate, avoid, and minimize the impact of the complications associated with it. PMID:23960967

  4. Contribution to the method for determining femoral neck axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    An?elkovi? Zoran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Femoral neck axis plotting is of great significance in measuring parameters that define femoral head-neck junction sphericity in the group of patients with the femoroacetabular impingement. Literature methods of femoral neck axis determination have weaknesses associated with the risk of obtaining inaccurate values of certain parameters. Objective. Method of plotting of the femoral neck axis by two parallel lines that belong to the medial quarter of the femoral neck is proposed. Method was tested on the anatomic specimens and the respective radiograms. Methods. A total of 31 anatomic specimens of the proximal femur and respective radiographs were used, on which three axes of the femoral neck were plotted; accordingly, alpha angle value was determined and tested with corresponding parametric tests, with the measurement error of less than 5% and the strength of the applied tests of 80%. Results. Alpha angle values obtained by plotting femoral neck axis using the literature and methods we have proposed were not significantly different in our series, and, in more than a half of the specimens, the two axes overlapped each other. Conclusion. The advantage of the proposed method does not depend on the position of the femoral head rotation center in relation to the femoral neck, which favors proposed method for measuring the angles of femoral head sphericity in patients with the femoral head translation. Disadvantage of the study is a small sample size for valid conclusions about the applicability of this method in clinical practice.

  5. Epidural hematomas of posterior fossa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radulovi? Danilo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Posterior fossa epidural hematomas represent 7-14% of all traumatic intracranial epidural hematomas. They are most frequently encountered posttraumatic mass lesions in the posterior fossa. The aim of this study was to identify clinical features that could lead to the early diagnosis of posterior fossa epidural hematoma. Methods. Between 1980 and 2002, 28 patients with epidural hematoma of the posterior fossa were operated on at the Institute for Neurosurgery, Belgrade. Clinical course neuroradiological investigations, and the results of surgical treatment of the patients with posterior fossa epidural hematomas were analyzed retrospectively. Results. Almost two thirds of patients were younger than 16 years of age. In 20 cases injury was caused by a fall, in 6 cases by a traffic accident, and in 2 by the assault. Clinical course was subacute or chronic in two thirds of the patients. On the admission Glasgow Coma Scale was 7 or less in 9 injured, 8-14 in 14 injured, and 15 in 5 injured patients. Linear fracture of the occipital bone was radiographically evident in 19 patients, but was intraoperatively encountered in all the patients except for a 4-year old child. In 25 patients the diagnosis was established by computer assisted tomography (CAT and in 3 by vertebral angiography. All the patients were operated on via suboccipital craniotomy. Four injured patients who were preoperatively comatose were with lethal outcome. Postoperatively, 24 patients were with sufficient neurologic recovery. Conclusion. Posterior fossa epidural hematoma should be suspected in cases of occipital injury, consciousness disturbances, and occipital bone fracture. In such cases urgent CAT-scan is recommended. Early recognition early diagnosis, and prompt treatment are crucial for good neurological recovery after surgery.

  6. TRÍGONO FEMORAL: ¿CUÁL ES SU VERDADERO LÍMITE MEDIAL? FEMORAL TRIGON: WHAT IS THE REAL MEDIAL LIMIT?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Buarque de Gusmão

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El trígono femoral es una región topográfica triangular ubicada en el tercio próximal de la cara anterior del muslo, donde transcurren los vasos femorales, nervio femoral y sus ramas. El conocimiento de sus límites es de importancia en los procedimientos invasores y en la evaluación de patologías de esta región. Referente a la determinación del lado medial de este trígono, la literatura muestra divergencias. La mayoría de los autores afirma que el límite medial del trígono está dado por el borde medial del músculo aductor largo, mientras que otros, consideran al borde lateral del referido músculo. A través de este trabajo, los autores buscan estandarizar el límite medial de este trígono. Se efectuaron exámenes en individuos adultos, vivos, de ambos sexos y en cadáveres humanos fijados en formaldeído al 10%. Se identificó el límite medial del trígono femoral, el cual fue delimitado a través de métodos propedéuticos de inspección y palpación. El borde lateral del músculo aductor largo fue fácilmente visualizado y palpado. De esta forma, los autores proponen la padronización del borde lateral del músculo aductor largo como límite medial del trígono femoral, y en consequencia, excluyen tal músculo del piso de este trígonoThe femoral trigonus is a topographic triangle-shaped region located in the proximal third of the anterior aspect of the thigh, where femoral vessels, femoral nerve and its branches transit. The knowledge of its limits is very important for invasive procedures and for assessment of pathologies in this region. As far as the determination of the medial aspect of this triangle is concerned, literature diverges. Most authors state that this limit is the the medial edge of the Adductor lo2ngus muscle, while others assume it to be the lateral edge of the aforementioned muscle. In the present paper authors try to padronize the medial limit of this triangle. With this purpose, examinations were performed on individuals of both sexes and dissection on human corpses that were fixed in 10% formaldehyde. The femoral trigonus was delimitated by propedeutical methods of inspection and palpation and it was found that, in the living person, the lateral aspect of the Adductor longus muscle was easily palpated. Therefore the authors propose the padronization of the lateral edge of the Adductor longus muscle as the medial limit of the femoral trigonus and, as a consequence, this muscle should be excluded from the trigonus floor. The femoral trigonus is then assumed as a well-defined area where important vascular and nerve structures of the thigh are found

  7. TRÍGONO FEMORAL: ¿CUÁL ES SU VERDADERO LÍMITE MEDIAL? / FEMORAL TRIGON: WHAT IS THE REAL MEDIAL LIMIT?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luiz Carlos, Buarque de Gusmão; Vanessa, Alves Guimarães; Inaldo de Albuquerque, Medeiros Diégues Júnior.

    Full Text Available El trígono femoral es una región topográfica triangular ubicada en el tercio próximal de la cara anterior del muslo, donde transcurren los vasos femorales, nervio femoral y sus ramas. El conocimiento de sus límites es de importancia en los procedimientos invasores y en la evaluación de patologías de [...] esta región. Referente a la determinación del lado medial de este trígono, la literatura muestra divergencias. La mayoría de los autores afirma que el límite medial del trígono está dado por el borde medial del músculo aductor largo, mientras que otros, consideran al borde lateral del referido músculo. A través de este trabajo, los autores buscan estandarizar el límite medial de este trígono. Se efectuaron exámenes en individuos adultos, vivos, de ambos sexos y en cadáveres humanos fijados en formaldeído al 10%. Se identificó el límite medial del trígono femoral, el cual fue delimitado a través de métodos propedéuticos de inspección y palpación. El borde lateral del músculo aductor largo fue fácilmente visualizado y palpado. De esta forma, los autores proponen la padronización del borde lateral del músculo aductor largo como límite medial del trígono femoral, y en consequencia, excluyen tal músculo del piso de este trígono Abstract in english The femoral trigonus is a topographic triangle-shaped region located in the proximal third of the anterior aspect of the thigh, where femoral vessels, femoral nerve and its branches transit. The knowledge of its limits is very important for invasive procedures and for assessment of pathologies in th [...] is region. As far as the determination of the medial aspect of this triangle is concerned, literature diverges. Most authors state that this limit is the the medial edge of the Adductor lo2ngus muscle, while others assume it to be the lateral edge of the aforementioned muscle. In the present paper authors try to padronize the medial limit of this triangle. With this purpose, examinations were performed on individuals of both sexes and dissection on human corpses that were fixed in 10% formaldehyde. The femoral trigonus was delimitated by propedeutical methods of inspection and palpation and it was found that, in the living person, the lateral aspect of the Adductor longus muscle was easily palpated. Therefore the authors propose the padronization of the lateral edge of the Adductor longus muscle as the medial limit of the femoral trigonus and, as a consequence, this muscle should be excluded from the trigonus floor. The femoral trigonus is then assumed as a well-defined area where important vascular and nerve structures of the thigh are found

  8. The blood flow to the femoral head/neck junction during resurfacing arthroplasty: a comparison of two approaches using Laser Doppler flowmetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amarasekera, H W; Costa, M L; Foguet, P; Krikler, S J; Prakash, U; Griffin, D R

    2008-04-01

    We used Laser Doppler flowmetry to measure the effect on the blood flow to the femoral head/neck junction of two surgical approaches during resurfacing arthroplasty. We studied 24 hips undergoing resurfacing arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. Of these, 12 had a posterior approach and 12 a trochanteric flip approach. A Laser probe was placed under radiological control in the superolateral part of the femoral head/neck junction. The Doppler flux was measured at stages of the operation and compared with the initial flux. In both groups the main fall in blood flow occurred during the initial exposure and capsulotomy of the hip joint. There was a greater reduction in blood flow with the posterior (40%) than with the trochanteric flip approach (11%). PMID:18378916

  9. Tratamento da Osteonecrose da Cabeça Femoral com celulas progenitoras autólogas em anemia falciforme / Femoral Head Necrosis treatment with autologous stem cells in sickle cell disease

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gildásio Cerqueira, Daltro; Vitor Antonio, Fortuna; Marco Aurélio Salvino de, Araújo; Paulo Itamar Ferraz, Lessa; Uirassú de Assis, Batista Sobrinho; Radovan, Borojevic.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliação da segurança e eficácia do uso de células progenitoras autólogas da medula óssea (CMMO) no tratamento da Osteonecrose da Cabeça Femoral (OCF) de pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 8 pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme, com OCF nos estágios I [...] e II (classificação de Ficat e Arlet). As CMMO retiradas da crista ilíaca posterior foram concentradas e reinfundidas na área central da osteonecrose. Os principais parâmetros avaliados foram segurança, sintomas clínicos e progressão da doença, através da avaliação clínica (Harris Hip Score) e radiológica. RESULTADOS: A maior parte dos pacientes (7 em 8) referiu melhora dos sintomas após o tratamento. Não houve complicações durante o procedimento anestésico e cirúrgico. A medida do escore (Harris Hip Score) no pré-operatório foi 78,5 +/- 6,2 pontos, com aumento significativo destes valores no pós-operatório (98,3 +/- 2,5 pontos) (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of autologous bone-marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) implantation in necrotic lesions of the femoral head in patients with sickle cell disease. METHODS: We studied eight patients with stage-I or -II femoral head osteonecrosis according to the system by Ficat [...] and Arlet. BMMCs were harvested and re-infused into the necrotic zone. The primary endpoints studied were safety, clinical symptoms and disease progression, these being assessed according to the Harris hip score (HHS) and to X-ray studies. RESULTS: After eight months, seven of the eight patients reported improvement from symptoms. There were no complications during anesthetic and surgery procedures. There was a significant postoperative increase in the HHS (98.3 +/- 2.5 points) compared to preoperative HHS (78.5 +/- 6.2 points) (p

  10. Ipsilateral open anterior hip dislocation and open posterior elbow dislocation in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Sunil

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available ?Abstract?Open anterior dislocation of the hip is a very rare injury, especially in adults. It is a hyperabduction, external rotation and extension injury. Its combination with open posterior dislocation of the elbow has not been described in English language-based medical literature. Primary resuscitation, debridement, urgent reduction of dislocation, and adequate antibiotic support resulted in good clinical outcome in our patient. At 18 months follow-up, no signs of avascular necrosis of the femoral head or infection were observed.

  11. Experimentally created unilateral anterior crossbite induces a degenerative ossification phenotype in mandibular condyle of growing Sprague-Dawley rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, X; Dai, J; Lu, L; Zhang, J; Zhang, M; Wang, Y; Guo, M; Wang, X; Wang, M

    2013-07-01

    The effect of unilateral anterior crossbite on the remodelling of mandibular condyle needs to be investigated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of experimentally created unilateral anterior crossbite on the remodelling of mandibular condyle and explore the changes in the expression of relevant transcription factors and growth factors. The experimental unilateral anterior crossbite was created in 6-week-old female growing rats by bonding metal tubes to the left pairs of incisors. Remodelings of mandibular condylar cartilage was assessed histologically at 2, 4 and 8 weeks. Protein and mRNA levels of Sox9, runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), Osterix (Osx), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF?1), transforming growth factor beta receptor 2 (TGF?r2) and type X collagen (ColX) were investigated by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR, while alkaline phosphatise (ALP) by histochemistry and real-time PCR. Decreased ratio of hypertrophic cartilage layer was noticed in the 4w experimental group versus controls. At all the time points, the expression of Sox9 and ALP increased but that of TGF?1 and TGF?r2 decreased in experimental groups (P 2w, but decrease at 4w (P < 0·05). The results that obvious cartilage degradation and altered expression of related transcription factors and growth factors were detected in the mandibular condyles of the experimental group suggested that the present unilateral anterior crossbite plays an adverse role in the TMJ, and thus leading to the degenerative endochondral ossification. PMID:23675932

  12. Atrofia cortical posterior Posterior cortical atrophy. Report of five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Delgado D

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA is a neurodegenerative syndrome, usually due to Alzheimer's disease. The first symptoms are progressive impairment of visuo spatial (Balint's and Gertsmann's syndromes or visuo perceptive (visual agnosia, alexia function. Episodic memory and executive function are spared until later stages. We report two males aged 51 and 55years and three females aged 50, 54 and 56 years, with posterior cortical atrophy. Ophthalmologic study was normal in all. Presenting signs and symptoms were visual ataxia, simultagnosia, agraphia, acalculia, spatial disorientation and unilateral neglect (Balint's and Gerstmann's syndromes. Apperceptive visual agnosia, aphasia, apraxia and alexia were also observed. One female had cortical blindness. Structural images were inconclusive, but PET scan and SPECT disclosed functional impairments in occipitotemporal or occipitoparietal areas.

  13. Atrofia cortical posterior / Posterior cortical atrophy. Report of five cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carolina, Delgado D; Archibaldo, Donoso S.

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome, usually due to Alzheimer's disease. The first symptoms are progressive impairment of visuo spatial (Balint's and Gertsmann's syndromes) or visuo perceptive (visual agnosia, alexia) function. Episodic memory and executive function are [...] spared until later stages. We report two males aged 51 and 55years and three females aged 50, 54 and 56 years, with posterior cortical atrophy. Ophthalmologic study was normal in all. Presenting signs and symptoms were visual ataxia, simultagnosia, agraphia, acalculia, spatial disorientation and unilateral neglect (Balint's and Gerstmann's syndromes). Apperceptive visual agnosia, aphasia, apraxia and alexia were also observed. One female had cortical blindness. Structural images were inconclusive, but PET scan and SPECT disclosed functional impairments in occipitotemporal or occipitoparietal areas.

  14. First MRI results of the therapeutic course of avascular femoral head necrosis after femoral core decompression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The vascular femoral head necrosis is a serious illness, especially when appearing in patients aged 30 to 50 years. Many etiologic factors cause a femoral head necrosis such as, for example, high-dose steroids, abuse of alcohol, defect of bone marrow and trauma of the hip. Often the X-ray photograph leads to the diagnosis in the second stage (ARCO 1992) or in the third stage, when the femoral head has begun to collapse. The stage IIc and III shows an evident enhancement in contrast media in MRI. Contrast enhancement is demonstrated by STIR, FATSAT, T1-weighted and dynamic screening sequence. The characteristics of the contrast media enhancement argue for an active concomitant process of destruction and regeneration. This stage has the best chances for a drug or a surgical therapy. The evaluation of the signal intensity by the dynamic screening sequence is considered as an objective contribution for the staging of the femoral head necrosis. This enables one to differentiate between the curable stage IIc and the stage III, showing the beginning of breakdown of the femoral head. (orig.)

  15. Intravitreal bevacizumab for posterior capsule neovascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mohaimeed, Mansour; Al-Gehedan, Saeed; Dhibi, Hassan Al

    2010-04-01

    We report a case of rapid regression of extensive posterior capsule neovascularization in a 67-year-old diabetic male patient, who developed posterior capsule opacity with neovascularization one year post cataract surgery, after a single injection of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) followed by neodymium:YAG capsulotomy. Rapid regression of the posterior capsule neovascularization, and visual improvement was observed 9 days after the intervention. Posterior capsulotomy was performed successfully without bleeding. Prior to posterior capsulotomy, intravitreal bevacizumab can result in rapid and dramatic regression of posterior capsule neovascularization. PMID:23960877

  16. Spontaneous stress fractures of the femoral neck

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of spontaneous stress fractures of the femoral neck, a form of insufficiency stress fracture, can be missed easily. Patients present with unremitting hip pain without a history of significant trauma or unusual increase in daily activity. The initial radiographic features include osteoporosis, minor alterations of trabecular alignment, minimal extracortical or endosteal reaction, and lucent fracture lines. Initial scintigraphic examinations performed in three of four patients showed focal increased radionuclide uptake in two and no focal abnormality in one. Emphasis is placed on the paucity of early findings. Evaluation of patients with persistent hip pain requires a high degree of clinical suspicion and close follow-up; the sequelae of undetected spontaneous fractures are subcapital fracture with displacement, angular deformity, and a vascular necrosis of the femoral head

  17. Microwave Sterilization of Femoral Head Allograft

    OpenAIRE

    Dunsmuir, Robert A; Gallacher, Grace

    2003-01-01

    The potential shortage of allograft bone has led to the need to investigate other sources of bone for allografts. Some allograft bone donated from primary total hip arthroplasty recipients must be discarded or treated to become useable as a result of bacterial contamination. Femoral head allografts were contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis. A domestic microwave oven was used. The contaminated bone was exposed to microwave irradiation for different time periods. The sa...

  18. Fracture of femoral total hip replacement components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The biomechanical factors responsible for fatigue fracture of femoral total hip component stems were studied by laboratory loading simulations using implants which were instrumented with strain gauges. Stress levels were low when the prosthesis was rigidly fixed in acrylic along its entire length. Significantly higher stresses were recorded in stems which were loose in the acrylic or which were fixed in their distal portion only

  19. Femoral Vein Repair of Arterial Infections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Budtz-Lilly, Jacob; Eldrup, Nikolaj; Vammen, Sten; Laustsen, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Success with the neoaortoiliac system (NAIS) bypass has previously been reported. Drawbacks to this procedure include prolonged operative times and significant morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a 2-team approach in addition to a consistent anastomosis technique reduces the operative time of the NAIS procedure. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review was performed for operations using femoral vein in arterial reconstruction from 2003 to 2012. RESULTS: A ...

  20. Femoral Tunnel Malposition in ACL Revision Reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Morgan, Joseph A.; Dahm, Diane; Levy, Bruce; Stuart, Michael J

    2012-01-01

    The Multicenter Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Revision Study (MARS) group was formed to study a large cohort of revision ACL reconstruction patients. The purpose of this subset analysis study of the MARS database is to describe specific details of femoral tunnel malposition and subsequent management strategies that surgeons chose in the revision setting. The design of this study is a case series. The multicenter MARS database is compiled from a questionnaire regarding 460 ACL reconstructio...

  1. Biogeometry of femoral neck for implant placement

    OpenAIRE

    Patwa J; Krishnan Ajay; Pamecha Chirayu

    2006-01-01

    Background : Treatment of fracture neck femur with three cannulated cancellous screws in an apex proximal configuration is practised in many parts of the world. Methods : Dimensions of femoral neck at the middle of transcervical neck using CT scan (live neck) and vernier caliper (dry cadeveric neck) in 20 subjects respectively were measured. Results : Inferior half of the neck is narrower than superior half. Conclusion : Biogeometry of the neck of femur does not accomodate two inferior scr...

  2. Tissue formation and vascularization in anatomically shaped human joint condyle ectopically in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang H; Marion, Nicholas W; Hollister, Scott; Mao, Jeremy J

    2009-12-01

    Scale-up of bioengineered grafts toward clinical applications is a challenge in regenerative medicine. Here, we report tissue formation and vascularization of anatomically shaped human tibial condyles ectopically with a dimension of 20 x 15 x 15 mm(3). A composite of poly-epsilon-caprolactone and hydroxyapatite was fabricated using layer deposition of three-dimensional interlaid strands with interconnecting microchannels (400 microm) and seeded with human bone marrow stem cells (hMSCs) with or without osteogenic differentiation. An overlaying layer (1 mm deep) of poly(ethylene glycol)-based hydrogel encapsulating hMSCs or hMSC-derived chondrocytes was molded into anatomic shape and anchored into microchannels by gel infusion. After 6 weeks of subcutaneous implantation in athymic rats, hMSCs generated not only significantly more blood vessels, but also significantly larger-diameter vessels than hMSC-derived osteoblasts, although hMSC-derived osteoblasts yielded mineralized tissue in microchannels. Chondrocytes in safranin-O-positive glycosaminoglycan matrix were present in the cartilage layer seeded with hMSC-derived chondrogenic cells, although significantly more cells were present in the cartilage layer seeded with hMSCs than hMSC-derived chondrocytes. Together, MSCs elaborate substantially more angiogenesis, whereas their progenies yield corresponding differentiated tissue phenotypes. Scale up is probable by incorporating a combination of stem cells and their progenies in repeating modules of internal microchannels. PMID:19563263

  3. Subtrochanteric fractures after retrograde femoral nailing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mounasamy, Varatharaj; Mallu, Sathya; Khanna, Vishesh; Sambandam, Senthil

    2015-10-18

    Secondary fractures around femoral nails placed for the management of hip fractures are well known. We report, two cases of a fracture of the femur at the interlocking screw site in the subtrochanteric area after retrograde femoral nailing of a femoral shaft fracture. Only a few reports in the existing literature have described these fractures. Two young men after sustaining a fall presented to us with pain, swelling and deformity in the upper thigh region. On enquiring, examining and radiographing them, peri-implant fractures of subtrochanteric nature through the distal interlocking screws were revealed in both patients who also had histories of previous falls for which retrograde intramedullary nailing was performed for their respective femora. Both patients were managed with similar surgical routines including removal of the existing hardware, open reduction and ace cephallomedullary antegrade nailing. The second case did show evidence of delayed healing and was additionally stabilized with cerclage wires. Both patients had uneventful postoperative outcomes and union was evident at the end of 6 mo postoperatively with a good range of motion at the hip and knee. Our report suggests that though seldom reported, peri-implant fractures around the subtrochanteric region can occur and pose a challenge to the treating orthopaedic surgeon. We suggest these be managed, after initial stabilization and resuscitation, by implant removal, open reduction and interlocking intramedullary antegrade nailing. Good results and progression to union can be expected in these patients by adhering to basic principles of osteosynthesis. PMID:26495251

  4. Malformação ílio-femoral Iliofemoral arterial malformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangala M. Pai

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Durante uma dissecção de rotina realizada em um cadáver do sexo masculino com 65 anos de idade foi constatada malformação arterial iliofemoral. A aorta abdominal estava consideravelmente deslocada lateralmente e também bifurcava em nível mais alto. A artéria ilíaca comum dividia-se uma vértebra acima do nível normal e a artéria femoral dava origem à artéria femoral profunda aproximadamente l,2 cm abaixo do ligamento inguinal, o que é consideravelmente proximal ao seu nível normal. Aqui nós apresentamos uma breve revisão de literatura e base embriológica dessas anomalias.During routine dissection, an Iliofemoral arterial malformation was noticed in a 65 year old male cadaver. The abdominal aorta was considerably laterally displaced and also bifurcated higher up. The common iliac artery divided one vertebral level higher and the femoral artery gave the profunda femoris artery about 1.2 cm below the inguinal ligament, which is considerably proximal to its usual level of origin. A brief review of literature and embryological basis of the anomalies are discussed.

  5. MR imaging in slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that conventional determination of the degree of epiphyseal slipping is not exact. Radiography and CT provide no information about the growth plate, joint effusion, or possible epiphyseal reattachment. Ten patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis were examined in both hip joints by means of frontal T1-weighted and opposed long TR gradient-echo (GRE) sequences and parasagittal T1-weighted images along the femoral neck. Normal measurements were established in 12 healthy adolescents. The authors imaged in various positions and different parasagittal angles to rule out errors due to positioning. Exact determination of the epipyseal angle was enabled by drawing a ventral tangent to the femoral neck. The average MR imaging angle was 40.3 degrees in epiphyseolysis and 66.0 degrees on the unaffected side. Healthy male juveniles reached 77.9 degrees at age 13-17 years and 69.9 degrees at age 5-9 years. Conventional measurements on Lauenstein projection gave measurements of 55.6 degrees for epiphyseolysis and 85.7 degrees on the unaffected side. Errors due to positioning are lower than 4 degrees

  6. MRI morphometry, cartilage damage and impaired function in the follow-up after slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess rotation deficits, asphericity of the femoral head and localisation of cartilage damage in the follow-up after slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Magnetic resonance imaging studies were obtained in adult patients with a history of SCFE. A total of 35 hips after SCFE in 26 patients (mean age 24.1 ± 6.5, mean follow-up 11.9 ± 6.1 years) were evaluated. The control group comprised 20 healthy hips from 10 young adults with an average age of 23.9 ± 3.7 years. The MR protocol included a T1-weighted sequence with a 3D volumetric interpolated breath-hold sequence and a radial 2D proton density-weighted sequence around the femoral neck. Images were evaluated for alpha angle and cartilage damage in five positions around the femoral head. Hip function was evaluated at the time of MRI and correlated with MRI results. Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman's correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis. In the hips after SCFE alpha angles were significantly increased in the anterosuperior (74.1 ± 18.8 ) and superior (72.5 ± 21.5 ) positions and decreased in the posterior position (25.0 ± 7.2 ). Cartilage damage was dominant in the anterosuperior and superior positions. Impaired rotation significantly correlated with increased anterosuperior, superior and posterosuperior alpha angles. The data support an anterosuperior and superior cam-type deformity of the femoral head-neck junction in the follow-up after SCFE. MRI after SCFE can be used to assess anterosuperior and superior alpha angles, since the anterior alpha angle by itself may underestimate asphericity and is not associated with rotation deficits. (orig.)

  7. MR evaluation of femoral neck version and tibial torsion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koenig, James Karl; Dwek, Jerry R. [University of California, San Diego, Children' s Hospital and Health Center, Department of Radiology, San Diego, CA (United States); Pring, Maya E. [Rady Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, San Diego, CA (United States)

    2012-01-15

    Abnormalities of femoral neck version have been associated with a number of hip abnormalities in children, including slipped capital femoral epiphysis, proximal femoral focal deficiency, coxa vara, a deep acetabulum and, rarely, developmental dysplasia of the hip. Orthopedic surgeons also are interested in quantifying the femoral neck anteversion or retroversion in children especially to plan derotational osteotomies. Historically, the angle of femoral version and tibial torsion has been measured with the use of radiography and later by CT. Both methods carry with them the risks associated with ionizing radiation. Techniques that utilize MR are used less often because of the associated lengthy imaging times. This article describes a technique using MRI to determine femoral neck version and tibial torsion with total scan times of approximately 10 min. (orig.)

  8. Osificación del ligamento longitudinal posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Manuel Malpica Ramírez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La osificación del ligamento longitudinal posterior es una de las principales causas de neuropatía en Japón y en países de Oriente Medio; su incidencia es infrecuente en Latinoamérica y su presentación clínica es variable. El tratamiento quirúrgico consiste en descompresión medular, anterior o posterior, y en fusión en caso necesario; el pronóstico es reservado, ya que depende de la extensión de la neuropatía y del tipo de osificación. Se comunica el caso de un paciente no oriental, a quien se le practicó (en el Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad de Puebla, ISSSTE una laminoplastia cervical en C3, C4, C5 y C6, con injerto óseo de la cresta iliaca; también se realiza una discusión de la bibliografía médica.

  9. Posterior glenohumeral joint capsule contracture

    OpenAIRE

    Dashottar, Amitabh; Borstad, John

    2012-01-01

    Glenohumeral joint posterior capsule contracture may cause shoulder pain by altering normal joint mechanics. Contracture is commonly noted in throwing athletes but can also be present in nonthrowers. The cause of contracture in throwing athletes is assumed to be a response to the high amount of repetitive tensile force placed on the tissue, whereas the mechanism of contracture in nonthrowers is unknown. It is likely that mechanical and cellular processes interact to increase the stiffness and...

  10. Classification of posterior vitreous detachment

    OpenAIRE

    Kakehashi A; Takezawa M; Akiba J

    2013-01-01

    Akihiro Kakehashi,1 Mikiko Takezawa,1 Jun Akiba21Department of Ophthalmology, Jichi Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, 2Kanjodori Eye Clinic, Asahikawa, JapanAbstract: Diagnosing a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is important for predicting the prognosis and determining the indication for vitreoretinal surgery in many vitreoretinal diseases. This article presents both classifications of a PVD by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and of a shallow PVD by optical coherence tomography...

  11. Posterior asymmetry and idiopathic scoliosis

    CERN Document Server

    Rousie, D L; Berthoz, A

    2009-01-01

    Study design Are there neuro-anatomical abnormalities associated with idiopathic scoliosis (IS)? Posterior Basicranium (PBA) reflects cerebellum growth and contains vestibular organs, two structures suspected to be involved in scoliosis. Objective The aim of this study was to compare posterior basicranium asymmetry (PBA) in Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and normal subjects. Method: To measure the shape of PBA in 3D, we defined an intra-cranial frame of reference based on CNS and guided by embryology of the neural tube. Measurements concerned three directions of space referred to a specific intra cranial referential. Data acquisition was performed with T2 MRI (G.E. Excite 1.5T, mode Fiesta). We explored a scoliosis group of 76 women and 20 men with a mean age of 17, 2 and a control group of 26 women and 16 men, with a mean age of 27, 7. Results: IS revealed a significant asymmetry of PBA (Pr>|t|<.0001) in 3 directions of space compared to the control group. This asymmetry was more pronounced in antero-posterior...

  12. Detection of Femoral Artery Calcification by Bone Scintigraphy

    OpenAIRE

    Uslu, Hatice. M.D.; Varoglu, Erhan. M.D.; Yildirim, Mustafa. M.D.; Polat, Pinar. M.D.

    2003-01-01

    Scintigraphy with technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) was performed in a 76-year-old male with prostatic cancer. Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy showed a linear markedly increased accumulation of radioactivity in both femoral arteries. Radiopharmaceutical uptake in femoral arteries was confirmed with a colour Doppler ultrasonography as femoral artery calcification. This increased uptake of Tc-99m MDP in the patient is strongly related to the calcium deposition. Tc-99m MDP scintigraphy d...

  13. Biophysical stimulation in osteonecrosis of the femoral head

    OpenAIRE

    Massari Leo; Fini Milena; Cadossi Ruggero; Setti Stefania; Traina GianCarlo

    2009-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is the endpoint of a disease process that results from insufficient blood flow and bone-tissue necrosis, leading to joint instability, collapse of the femoral head, arthritis of the joint, and total hip replacement. Pain is the most frequent clinical symptom. Both bone tissue and cartilage suffer when osteonecrosis of the femoral head develops. Stimulation with pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) has been shown to be useful for enhancing bone repair and for...

  14. Comparative endurance testing of the Biomet Matthews Nail and the Dynamic Compression Screw, in simulated condylar and supracondylar femoral fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davies Benjamin M

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The dynamic compression screw is a plate and screws implant used to treat fractures of the distal femur. The Biomet Matthews Nail is a new retrograde intramedullary nail designed as an alternative surgical option to treat these fractures. The objective of this study was to assess the comparative endurance of both devices. Method The dynamic compression screw (DCS and Biomet Matthews Nail (BMN were implanted into composite femurs, which were subsequently cyclically loaded using a materials testing machine. Simulated fractures were applied to each femur prior to the application of load. Either a Y type fracture or a transverse osteotomy was prepared on each composite femur using a jig to enable consistent positioning of cuts. Results The Biomet Matthews Nail demonstrated a greater endurance limit load over the dynamic compression screw in both fracture configurations. Conclusion The distal locking screws pass through the Biomet Matthews Nail in a unique "cruciate" orientation. This allows for greater purchase in the bone of the femoral condyle and potentially improves the stability of the fracture fixation. As these fractures are usually in weak osteoporotic bone, the Biomet Matthews Nail represents a favourable surgical option in these patients.

  15. Intravitreal bevacizumab for posterior capsule neovascularization

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Mohaimeed, Mansour; Al-Gehedan, Saeed; Dhibi, Hassan Al

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of rapid regression of extensive posterior capsule neovascularization in a 67-year-old diabetic male patient, who developed posterior capsule opacity with neovascularization one year post cataract surgery, after a single injection of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) followed by neodymium:YAG capsulotomy. Rapid regression of the posterior capsule neovascularization, and visual improvement was observed 9 days after the intervention. Posterior capsulotomy was performed success...

  16. Femoral head histology subsequent to ischemia, reperfusion and steroid treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Thomas; Cremer, Dirk; Becker, Cordelia; Hansen, Ebbe S; Bünger, Cody; Drescher, Wolf

    2009-01-01

    An episode of ischemia followed by reperfusion of the femoral head (FH) is thought to be a common pathway in the pathogenesis of femoral head necrosis (FHN). Femoral head histology was investigated after short-term high-dose steroid treatment and femoral head ischemia and reperfusion in a large animal model. Twenty-two pigs were randomized to receive methylprednisolone 20mg/day/kg bodyweight intamuscularly for 3 days followed by methylprednisolone 10mg/day/kg bodyweight for 11 days (n=11), where...

  17. Tratamento da Osteonecrose da Cabeça Femoral com celulas progenitoras autólogas em anemia falciforme Femoral Head Necrosis treatment with autologous stem cells in sickle cell disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gildásio Cerqueira Daltro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliação da segurança e eficácia do uso de células progenitoras autólogas da medula óssea (CMMO no tratamento da Osteonecrose da Cabeça Femoral (OCF de pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 8 pacientes portadores de anemia falciforme, com OCF nos estágios I e II (classificação de Ficat e Arlet. As CMMO retiradas da crista ilíaca posterior foram concentradas e reinfundidas na área central da osteonecrose. Os principais parâmetros avaliados foram segurança, sintomas clínicos e progressão da doença, através da avaliação clínica (Harris Hip Score e radiológica. RESULTADOS: A maior parte dos pacientes (7 em 8 referiu melhora dos sintomas após o tratamento. Não houve complicações durante o procedimento anestésico e cirúrgico. A medida do escore (Harris Hip Score no pré-operatório foi 78,5 +/- 6,2 pontos, com aumento significativo destes valores no pós-operatório (98,3 +/- 2,5 pontos (pPURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of autologous bone-marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC implantation in necrotic lesions of the femoral head in patients with sickle cell disease. METHODS: We studied eight patients with stage-I or -II femoral head osteonecrosis according to the system by Ficat and Arlet. BMMCs were harvested and re-infused into the necrotic zone. The primary endpoints studied were safety, clinical symptoms and disease progression, these being assessed according to the Harris hip score (HHS and to X-ray studies. RESULTS: After eight months, seven of the eight patients reported improvement from symptoms. There were no complications during anesthetic and surgery procedures. There was a significant postoperative increase in the HHS (98.3 +/- 2.5 points compared to preoperative HHS (78.5 +/- 6.2 points (p< 0.001. X-ray evaluation and cell parameters were found to be favorable. CONCLUSION: The autologous bone-marrow mononuclear cells implantation seems to be a safe and effective treatment for early stages of femoral head osteonecrosis in patients with sickle cell disease. Although promising, the interpretation of these early results is limited due to the small sample and to the short duration of follow-up. Further studies and advanced cellular assays are required to confirm the results.

  18. Barrier function of the posterior capsule

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The permeability of the rabbit lens and human cataractous lens posterior capsule to epinephrine and trypan blue and the absorption of ultraviolet and visible light through the posterior capsule were studied in vitro. The posterior capsule served as a barrier to large nonelectrolytes or negative electrolytes other than trypan blue, but it did not impede epinephrine, ultraviolet or visible light

  19. Quiste óseo simple de cóndilo mandibular / Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julio, Cifuentes; Ariel, Barrera; Daniel, Jerez; Stephanie, Bohmann.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El quiste óseo simple (QOS) es una entidad descrita por primera vez por Lucas en 1929. En 1946, Rushton describió las paredes internas del quiste que consistían en tejido óseo sin contenido patológico o químico. Esta entidad intraósea también es conocida con múltiples sinónimos como quiste óseo soli [...] tario, quiste óseo traumático, quiste óseo hemorrágico, quiste unicameral, cavidad ósea idiopática y cavidad o quiste óseo progresivo. Cuando afecta a los maxilares suelen ser asintomáticos, siendo su diagnóstico habitualmente un hallazgo radiológico. Las áreas comúnmente afectadas son entre los caninos inferiores y la región de los terceros molares y, en segundo lugar, la sínfisis mandibular. Los QOS de cóndilo son raros, habiéndose referido previamente 15 casos en la literatura. En el caso referido se describirá el tratamiento y se hará una revisión de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Simple bonecysts (SBC) have been a recognized entity since 1929, when they were first described by Lucas. In 1946, Rushton described the inner walls of the cyst, consisting of bone and no pathological or chemical content. This intraosseous entity, is also known by a variety of synonyms including sol [...] itary bone cyst, traumatic bone cyst, hemorrhagic bone cyst, unicameral cyst, idiopathic bone cavity and progressive bone cyst or cavity. There are few clinical features within the jaws, and the diagnosis is made mainly from radiographical findings. The most frequently affected sites are the region between inferior canines and third molars, and secondly in the mandibular symphysis. SBC of the condyle are rare, and there are approximately 15 cases in the current literature. Treatment of the case will be described, and a literature review of the disease and its management will be presented.

  20. Femoral Offset and its Relationship to Femoral Neck-shaft Angle and Torsion Angle / Desplazamiento Femoral y su Relación con el Ángulo Cuello-Diáfisis Femoral y el Ángulo de Torsión

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ming, Han; Yongkui, Zhang; Tao, Shan.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue estudiar el desplazamiento femoral y su relación con el ángulo cuello-diáfisis femoral y el ángulo de torsión. Se utilizaron 100 pares de fémures (50 hombres y 50 mujeres) y se tomaron las medidas del desplazamiento femoral, ángulo cuello-diáfisis femoral y ángulo de torsión. Los dat [...] os fueron analizados con el software SPSS. El desplazamiento femoral en los hombres fue 44,40±4,56 mm en el lado derecho y 42,70±4,95 mm en el lado izquierdo, y en las mujeres, fue de 39,90±6,00 mm y 38,90±6,18 mm para el lado derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. El ángulo de torsión femoral del lado derecho en los hombres fue 6,02±10,85° y 7,08±9,30° del izquierdo; mientras que en las mujeres, fue de 10,02±11,69° y 6,02±10,85° para el lado derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente. Los ángulos cuello-diáfisis fueron 131,80±4,36° en el lado derecho, y 134,00±4,78° en el izquierdo, para los hombres, mientras que en las mujeres fueron de 132,10±5,94° en el lado derecho y 132,80±4,93° en el izquierdo. No hubo diferencias según sexo en los dos ángulos femorales (P>0,05), mientras que si hubo una diferencia significativa en el desplazamiento femoral (P Abstract in english The aims to study the femoral offset and its relationship to femoral neck-shaft angle and torsion angle. One hundred paired (50 males and 50 females) Chinese femurs were used to measure the femoral offset, femoral neck-shaft angle and torsion angle. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Femoral o [...] ffsets were male right 44.40±4.56 mm, left 42.70±4.95 mm; female right 39.90±6.00 mm, left 38.90±6.18 mm. Femoral torsion angles were male right 6.02±10.85°, left 7.08±9.30°; female right 10.02±11.69, ° left 6.02±10.85°. Neck-shaft angles were male right 131.80±4.36°, left 134.00±4.78°; female right 132.10±5.94°, left 132.80±4.93°. There were no sexual differences in the two femoral angles (P>0.05) while there was a significant sexual difference in the femoral offset (P

  1. Correlation of intra-articular osseous measurements with posterior cruciate ligament length on MRI scans.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Orakzai, S H

    2010-01-01

    Six patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) rupture, based on a positive posterior drawer test, had a normal appearance of the PCL on an MRI scan. It is postulated that the PCL had been ruptured but healed in a lengthened state. 12 volunteers with no history of knee trauma underwent an MRI scan of the knee. In this control group (n = 12), there was a close correlation between the lateral femoral condylar width in the sagittal plane and the PCL length, with a ratio of 2:1 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.817-2.095). In the clinically abnormal group (n = 6), the ratio was 1.49:1 (95% CI = 1.206-1.782) (p< 0.0005). In conclusion, the ratio of the lateral femoral condylar width in the sagittal plane to the PCL length is a useful index for diagnosing PCL attenuation and lengthening in the presence of a normal morphological MR appearance.

  2. Distrofia polimorfa posterior y LASIK / Posterior polymorphous dystrophy and LASIK

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    V., Huerva; A.J., Mateo.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo/Método: Mujer hipermétrope de 50 años desea información sobre cirugía refractiva. En la córnea se aprecia vesículas y bandas en la membrana de Descement y endotelio catalogándose de distrofia polimorfa posterior (DPP). El recuento endotelial resulta bajo por lo que se le contraindica cualqu [...] ier cirugía refractiva corneal. Resultados/Conclusiones: La presencia de vesículas y bandas a nivel de la membrana de Descement y endotelio es característico de una DPP. En estos casos resulta obligatorio realizar una microscopía especular previa a una cirugía refractiva con láser excimer. Un recuento de células endoteliales bajo puede constituir una contraindicación para el LASIK hipermetrópico en casos de DDP por el posible riesgo de descompensación endotelial. Abstract in english Objective/Method: A 50-year-old hyperopic woman requested information about refractive surgery. Vesicle and band lesions at Descemet’s membrane and endothelium were suggestive of posterior polymorphous dystrophy (PPD). Lower than normal endothelial cell densities were detected. A corneal refractive [...] procedure was not recommended in this case. Results/Conclusions: The presence of vesicles and bands at Descemet’s membrane and endothelium is suggestive of PPD. Specular microscopy is mandatory in such patients, although corneal decompensation is not evident. A low endothelial cell count may be a contraindication for a hyperopic LASIK procedure in cases of PPD because of the possible risk of corneal decompensation.

  3. Femoral nerve palsy secondary to iliopsoas haemorrhage in patients with haemophilia: results from biceps femoral transfer

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Enrique, Vergara-Amador; Marcela, Piña-Quintero; Fernando, Galván-Villamarín; Camilo, Abril-Aguilar.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La hemofilia causa lesiones de nervio periférico secundarias a compresiones por hematoma. En general estas lesiones se recuperan espontáneamente después de resolverse la causa de la compresión. Se describe el caso de un adolescente de 16 años con lesión del nervio femoral izquierdo que ocasionó la p [...] érdida de la extensión en la rodilla. Como durante la evolución no hubo recuperación, se hizo una transferencia tendinosa del bíceps femoral, técnica descrita antiguamente para correcciones en poliomielitis. Hubo un excelente resultado con recuperación completa de la extensión y fuerza 4+/5. Abstract in english Hemophilia causes injuries of peripheral nerves secondary to compressions by hematoma. In general, these injuries recover spontaneously after the cause of the compression is solved. A case of a 16-year-old adolescent with injury of the left femoral nerve, causing loss of the extension of the knee is [...] described herein. During the evolution there was no recovery. For this reason a tendinous transfer of the femoral biceps was practiced. This technique was described formerly for the correction of poliomyelitis. Excellent results were obtained with complete recovery of the extension and force 4+/5.

  4. Veia gástrica posterior: hipertensão porta Posterior gastric vein: portal hipertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcino Lázaro da Silva

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available A veia gástrica posterior não é muito citada nos livros de anatomia e nos trabalhos sobre hipertensão porta. Estudou-se sua anatomia, freqüência e desembocadura. Ela foi encontrada em 54% dos casos e, em 100%, desembocava na veia esplênica. Discute-se a vantagem ou não de sua ligadura ou preservação no tratamento cirúrgico da hipertensão porta.The posterior gastric vein has not been mentioned very often neither in anatomy textbooks nor in portal hypertension papers. The authors studied the anatomy, frequency and confluence of this vein because is a huge variety in the presentation of esophageal varices. Twenty-six adult preserved corpses (twenty females and six males had a wide abdominal incision allowing the dissection of the portal system, identifying the frequency and confluence of its tributaries, notably the posterior gastric vein. The portal vein, in all cases, was formed by the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein with the splenic vein and had a mean length of 6.4 cm. The splenic vein had a mean length of 6.5 cm. The left gastric vein was tributary of the portal vein in 50% of the cases and in 30% of the cases in the splenic vein. The right gastric vein had it's confluence to portal vein in 30 % of the cases and to the splenic vein in 4 %. The inferior mesenteric vein was tributary of the splenic vein in 54% of the cases and in the superior mesenteric vein in 46%. The left gastro-omental vein had its confluence to the splenic vein in 50% of the cases and to the inferior polar vein in 34 %. The middle colic vein had its confluence to superior mesenteric vein in 42% of the cases, to inferior mesenteric vein in 12% and to splenic vein in 8%. The posterior gastric vein was found in 54% of the corpses, and in all cases it was a tributary of the splenic vein, in retropancreatic position, coming from the esophageal-gastric junction. These findings agree with previous papers describing a prevalence of 60% of posterior gastric vein in patients submitted to surgery in portal hypertension, and in all cases, this vein was tributary of the splenic vein. The identification of this vein may influence the treatment, because if left untied during cases of portal-azigos disconnection, they may predispose to postoperative bleeding, but in cases of splenorenal anastomosis may preserve its patency in cases of anastomosis occlusion, or can lead again to postoperative bleeding feeding the esophageal varices. To ligate or not this vein will depends on the surgeon 's experience and common sense. Regarding to previous papers and to this data presented here, the authors believe that the prevalence of this vein is between 50 and 60% in the population.

  5. Superficial femoral artery: current treatment options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tepe, Gunnar; Schmehl, Joerg; Heller, Stephan; Wiesinger, Benjamin; Claussen, Claus D. [University of Tuebingen, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tuebingen (Germany); Duda, Stephan H. [Jewish Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and International Radiology, Berlin (Germany)

    2006-06-15

    Treatment of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) has been among the least effective of all endovascular procedures in terms of long-term patency. The relatively small vessel lumen, in conjunction with a high plaque burden, slow flow, and a high frequency of primary occlusions, contributes to a considerable rate of acute technical failures. Because of these technical limitations a much effort has been made during the past years. This manuscript should summarize the hopes and limitations of different approaches such as brachytherapy, cutting balloons, stents and stent grafts, drug-eluting stents, and drug-coated balloons. (orig.)

  6. Biogeometry of femoral neck for implant placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patwa J

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Treatment of fracture neck femur with three cannulated cancellous screws in an apex proximal configuration is practised in many parts of the world. Methods : Dimensions of femoral neck at the middle of transcervical neck using CT scan (live neck and vernier caliper (dry cadeveric neck in 20 subjects respectively were measured. Results : Inferior half of the neck is narrower than superior half. Conclusion : Biogeometry of the neck of femur does not accomodate two inferior screws and thus fixation of fracture neck femur with three canulated cancellous screws in an apex distal configuration is recommended.

  7. Residual stress distribution in the bovine femoral diaphysis measured by synchrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence of residual stresses in bone tissue has been noted, and the authors have reported that there are residual stresses in bone tissue. The tensile residual stresses in the bone axial direction on the cortical surface of the bovine femoral diaphyses were measured by X-ray diffraction method with characteristic Mo-K? X-rays. However, then the residual stresses inside the cortical bone could not be accurately determined. The study here used synchrotron white X-rays obtained from the BL28B2 beam line at SPring-8 and was able to measure the residual stresses in the bovine femoral diaphysis in depth. The measurement positions in the diaphysis specimen were at 1 mm intervals from the outer surface to the inner surface of the specimen in four parts of the diaphysis: anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial. The results showed that the residual stresses in the bone axial direction at the outer cortical surface were tensile and the stresses in the inner positions of the cortical bone were compressive. In the anterior part, the residual stress at the surface was 24.7 MPa. From 2 mm to 10 mm depths inside the diaphysis, compressive residual stresses were measured and the average of these stresses was -9.0 MPa. (author)

  8. STRANGULATED FEMORAL HERNIA IN A MALE PATIENT – DIAGNOSTIC DILEMMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Strangulated femoral hernia in a male patient is a very rare clinical presentation. Here we report a case of right inguinal swelling mimicking that of lymphadenopathy , later developing perforation due to strangulation of femoral hernia. Laparotomy with ileostomy was done

  9. Physeal dysplasia with slipped capital femoral epiphysis in a cat

    OpenAIRE

    Burke, Julie

    2003-01-01

    A 14-month-old, intact male cat presented with acute onset, severe right hind limb lameness. Pelvic radiographs, excision of the femoral head, and histopathologic examination resulted in a diagnosis of physeal dysplasia with slipped capital femoral epiphysis. The cat rapidly regained use of the affected limb.

  10. Acute aortic dissection presenting as rupture of the femoral artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauterbach, Stephen R; Farber, Alik; Shortell, Cynthia K

    2004-01-01

    A 44-year-old male with Marfan's disease presented acutely with severe chest and left groin pain. A pulsatile mass was present in the left groin and the left leg was pale and pulseless. CT imaging demonstrated the presence of a distal thoracic aortic dissection (AD) involving the left iliofemoral segment with extravasation of contrast into the left groin. The patient was treated with an urgent femoral-femoral bypass, which repaired the femoral artery and restored perfusion to the left lower extremity. Whereas rupture of the aorta into the chest or pericardium is common, femoral artery rupture complicating AD has not been previously reported. This case illustrates the need for peripheral branch intervention when compromised by the dissection process including isolated iliofemoral segments, which are typically benign. Given frank femoral artery rupture, urgent surgical repair was required and resulted in a satisfactory outcome. PMID:14727159

  11. Chronic Osteomyelitis in the Femoral Midshaft Following Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad Hosein

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available   A 25 year-old man presented with pain, swelling, and intermittent drainage from distal lateral aspect of his left knee three months after undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction with arthroscopic hamstring autograft and endobottom technique. His surgeon at that time tried to eliminate the pathology through arthroscopic wash out in two attempts. However, the pain, edema, and discharge recurred after a year of being symptom free. The patient underwent imaging assessment and anteroposterior and lateral radiographs demonstrated a sclerotic area beneath the femoral condoyle in femoral tunnel and a fusiform sclerotic area in the lateral aspect of femoral midshaft. Magnetic Resonance Imaging revealed necrotic tissue with bone edema consistent with the sclerotic area in radiographs indicating micro abscesses and osteomyelitis. A diagnosis of femoral chronic osteomyelitis was made and the patient underwent arthroscopic drainage and washout, followed by open surgery for diaphysial femoral osteomyelitis. Rehabilitation was started and after six months the patient returned to his work .

  12. Outcomes of trochanteric femoral fractures treated with proximal femoral nail: an analysis of 100 consecutive cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korkmaz MF

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mehmet Fatih Korkmaz,1 Mehmet Nuri Erdem,2 Zeliha Disli,3 Engin Burak Selcuk,4 Mustafa Karakaplan,1 Abdullah Gogus5 1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey; 2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Nisantasi University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Malatya Government Hospital, Malatya, Turkey; 4Department of Family Medicine, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey; 5Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Purpose: In this study, we aimed to report the results of a retrospective study carried out at our institute regarding cases of patients who had suffered proximal femoral fractures between January 2002 and February 2007, and who were treated with a proximal femoral nail. Materials and methods: One hundred consecutive cases were included in the study. A case documentation form was used to obtain intraoperative data including age, sex, mechanism of injury, type of fracture according to Association for Osteosynthesis/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation (AO/ASIF classification and the American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA physical status classification (ASA grade. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed at the time of admission and at the 6th week; subsequent visits were organized on the 3rd month, 6th month, and 12th month, and in patients with longer follow-up and annually postoperatively. The Harris score of hip function was used, and any change in the position of the implants and the progress of the fracture union, which was determined radiologically, was noted. Results: The mean age of the patients was 77.66 years (range: 37–98 years, and the sex distribution was 32 males and 68 females. Seventy-three fractures were reduced by closed means, whereas 27 needed limited open reduction. The mean follow-up time for the study group was 31.3 months (range: 12–75 months. Postoperative radiographs showed a near-anatomical fracture reduction in 78% of patients. The Harris hip score was negatively correlated with the ASA score and patient age. No cases of implant failure were observed. Three patients died before discharge (one due to pulmonary embolism, two due to cardiac arrest, and five patients died due to unrelated medical conditions within the first 3 months of the follow-up. Conclusion: Our study showed that proximal femoral nail is a reliable fixation with good fracture union, and it is not associated with major complications in any type of trochanteric femoral fracture. Keywords: ASA, femoral fracture, Harris score, proximal femoral nail

  13. Luxação posterior crónica do ombro

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Raquel, Carvalho; Filipe, Sousa; Paulo, Silva; Miguel, Vicente.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ao contrário da luxação anterior, a luxação posterior é uma entidade nosológica rara, muitas vezes com mau prognóstico. Apesar dos poucos dados epidemiológicos, estas lesões ocorrem maioritariamente na sequência de um quadro de convulsões, eletrocussão, traumatismo de alta energia ou ainda, na sequê [...] ncia de terapia eletroconvulsiva. Apesar dos avanços na área da imagiologia, esta é uma lesão muitas vezes diagnosticada tardiamente. Para um diagnóstico correto e atempado é fundamental um exame fisico completo e, uma elevada suspeita clínica da lesão em indivíduos de alto risco, juntamente com uma investigação radiográfica adequada. Uma multiplicidade de técnicas cirúrgicas, desde a simples redução incruenta até a procedimentos de estabilização do osso e partes moles e, ainda a artroplastia estão disponíveis para o tratamentos destas lesões. A seleção da opção de tratamento mais apropriada é complexa e multifactorial. Dada a raridade destas lesões, protocolos de tratamento baseados em evidências são difíceis de conceber. Os autores pretendem demonstrar com este caso clinico a importância de um correto diagnóstico, pois são lesões que facilmente são subdiagnosticadas, e os bons resultados que se conseguiram obter com este tipo de tratamento cirúrgico. Doente de 34 anos de idade, género masculino, com dor e limitação funcional do ombro direito com 2 semanas de evolução após queda com traumatismo local. Radiografia na incidência axilar e TC revelou uma luxação posterior do ombro com uma lesão de Hill-Sachs reversa. Foi efetuada redução e preenchimento do defeito ósseo com fragmento do troquino e tendão subescapular. Aos 6 meses de follow-up, o doente tem ótimos resultados ao DASH e Constant score. Abstract in english Unlike the anterior dislocation, the posterior dislocation is a rare entity, often with poor prognosis. Despite the few epidemiological data, these lesions occur mainly as a result of convulsions, electrocution, high-energy trauma or following electroconvulsive therapy. Despite advances in the field [...] of diagnostic imaging, this injury is often misdiagnosed. For a correct and timely diagnosis it’s essential to have a complete physical examination and a high clinical suspicion of injury in high-risk individuals, along with appropriate radiographic investigation. Since the closed reduction, until bone and soft tissues stability procedures and arthroplasties, there are numerous surgical procedures available for the treatment of these lesions. Selecting one of them is complex and multifactorial. Given the rarity of these lesions, treatment protocols based on evidence is difficult to develop. The authors aimed to demonstrate with this clinical case, the importance of a correct diagnosis, because these lesions are usually misdiagnosed, and the good results that can be achieved with surgical treatment. Male, 34 years of age with pain and functional limitation of the right shoulder with 2 weeks of evolution after fall with local trauma. Axillary radiograph and CT scan revealed a posterior dislocation of the shoulder with a reverse Hill-Sachs injury. A reduction and filling the bony defect with the subscapularis tendon and troquino fragment was performed. At 6-month follow-up, the patient has great outcomes in DASH and Constant score.

  14. Is 3D-CT reformation using free software applicable to diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Gerhardt de Oliveira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the agreement of computed tomography (CT imaging using 3D reformations (3DR with shaded surface display (SSD and maximum intensity projection (MIP in the diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA, and compared findings with multiplanar reformation (MPR images, used as the criterion standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Axial CT images of 44 temporomandibular joints (TMJs of 22 patients with RA were used. Images were recorded in DICOM format and assessed using free software (ImageJ. Each sample had its 3DR-SSD and 3DR-MIP results compared in pairs with the MPR results. RESULTS: Slight agreement (k = 0.0374 was found in almost all comparisons. The level of agreement showed that 3DR-SSD and 3DR-MIP yielded a number of false-negative results that was statistically significant when compared with MPR. CONCLUSIONS: 3DR-SSD or 3DR-MIP should only be used as adjuvant techniques to MPR in the diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles.

  15. Is 3D-CT reformation using free software applicable to diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marília Gerhardt de, Oliveira; Luciano Engelmann, Morais; Daniela Nascimento, Silva; Helena Willhelm de, Oliveira; Cláiton, Heitz; Lêonilson, Gaião.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the agreement of computed tomography (CT) imaging using 3D reformations (3DR) with shaded surface display (SSD) and maximum intensity projection (MIP) in the diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and compared fin [...] dings with multiplanar reformation (MPR) images, used as the criterion standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Axial CT images of 44 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of 22 patients with RA were used. Images were recorded in DICOM format and assessed using free software (ImageJ). Each sample had its 3DR-SSD and 3DR-MIP results compared in pairs with the MPR results. RESULTS: Slight agreement (k = 0.0374) was found in almost all comparisons. The level of agreement showed that 3DR-SSD and 3DR-MIP yielded a number of false-negative results that was statistically significant when compared with MPR. CONCLUSIONS: 3DR-SSD or 3DR-MIP should only be used as adjuvant techniques to MPR in the diagnosis of bone changes in mandibular condyles.

  16. Dynamic MRI motion analysis of the condyle and articular disk in the sagittal plane during mouth opening and closing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We used dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to analyze the velocity and excursion of the condyle and articular disk during mouth opening and closing. These parameters were compared between individuals with clicking sounds in the temporomandibular joint (TMD group, n=6) and those with no abnormalities in the joint (normal group, n=7). We used a Signa Horizon LX (1.5 Tesla, GE Inc., Wisconsin, USA) at fast spoiled gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state (SPGR), 7.7/1.4 ms echo time/repetition time (TR/TE), 8 mm thickness, and 40 sec duration. Each subject was instructed to open as widely as possible and then to close over a period of 40 seconds, during which time we measured the velocity and excursion of the condyle and articular disk. The degree of anterior displacement of the articular disk was quantified in the TMD patients. Compared with normal subjects, the degree of variance in movement velocity for opening and closing movements was significantly greater for the TMD patients. These findings suggest that dynamic MRI is useful for observing and quantifying the dynamics of the articular disk and that the degree of fluctuation in the velocity of articular disk movement is significantly greater for patients with clicking sounds. (author)

  17. Closed reduction of displaced or dislocated mandibular condyle fractures in children using threaded Kirschner wire and external rubber traction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J H; Nam, D H

    2015-10-01

    Most surgeons agree that closed treatment provides the best results for condylar fractures in children. Nevertheless, treatment of the paediatric mandibular condyle fracture that is severely displaced or dislocated is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes following the treatment of displaced or dislocated condylar fractures in children using threaded Kirschner wire and external rubber traction. This procedure can strengthen the advantage of closed reduction and make up for the shortcomings of open reduction. From March 1, 2005 to December 25, 2011, 11 children aged between 4 and 12 years with displaced or dislocated mandibular condyle fractures were treated using threaded Kirschner wire and external rubber traction under portable C-arm fluoroscopy. All patients had unilateral displaced or dislocated condylar fractures. The follow-up period ranged from 24 to 42 months (mean 29.3 months). Normal occlusion and pain-free function of the temporomandibular joint, without deviation or limitation of jaw opening, was achieved in all patients. This closed reduction technique in displaced or dislocated condylar fractures in children offers a reliable solution in preventing the unfavourable sequelae of closed treatment and the open technique, such as altered morphology, functional disturbances, and facial nerve damage. PMID:26117724

  18. Primary Burkitt lymphoma in the posterior mediastinum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaari, Zied; Charfi, Slim; Hentati, Abdessalem; Ayadi, Ines; Abid, Hanene; Frikha, Imed

    2015-11-01

    A 13-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital with complaints of posterior chest pain and dyspnea. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the chest revealed a mass in the posterior mediastinum, extending from T8 to T11 with intraspinal involvement. A percutaneous core needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma. He was treated according to the Lymphoma Malignancy B protocol 2001 arm C3, but he presented with liver and brain relapses and died 7.5 months after admission. Although lymphoma is rarely localized in the posterior mediastinum, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of posterior mediastinal masses in children. PMID:26038605

  19. Aneurisma único de arteria femoral común: Caso clínico / Isolated common femoral artery aneurysm: Case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    ANDRÉS, REYES D; MALAO, RAFFO R; STEPHANIE, SIEGEL A; MARCO, RÍOS A; LISANDRO, STUARDO B; JORGE, GAETE V; GERMÁN, GUZMÁN S; JORGE, VERGARA C; JOAQUÍN, TORRES R.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Se comunica el caso de un paciente de 71 años, de sexo masculino, hipertenso, a quien en el postoperatorio de prostatectomia por hiperplasia benigna de la próstata, le fue palpada una masa pulsátil inguinal izquierda. La AngioTAC mostró una dilatación sacular única de la arteria femoral común, la qu [...] e fue resecada con éxito. Abstract in english We report a 71 years old male with high blood pressure. During the postoperative follow up after a prostatectomy for a benign prostate hyperplasia, a pulsatile mass was palpated in the left inguinal region. A chest, abdomen and lower limb AngioTC, disclosed a unique sacular aneurysm in the left comm [...] on femoral artery. The patient was subjected to a surgical excision of the aneurysm, with a favorable postoperative evolution.

  20. LATE OPEN REDUCTION AND INTERNAL FIXATION FOR FRACTURES OF LATERAL CONDYLE OF HUMERUS IN CHILDREN: A CLINICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND : Neglected fracture of the lateral condyle of distal humerus in children is very common. Patients with non union of the lateral condylar fracture have pain, instability or a progressive cubitus valgus deformity, condylar prominence. A neglected displaced lateral humeral condyle fracture remains a difficult problem to treat. The bone ends become indistinct and soft tissue becomes contracted; making anatomic reduction difficult. Moreover a n attempt to mobilize the fragment by stripping the soft tissues may lead to avascular necrosis. Several authors have recommended operative treatment for such patients, while others do not recommend operative intervention because stiff elbow and AVN are th e usual outcomes. The present study was undertaken to assess the results of open reduction and internal fixation in neglected lateral humeral condyle fracture in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS : This is a prospective study carried out between November 2008 and July 2011 in the department of orthopedics at Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and research centre, Moradabad. Eighteen patients (14M:4F with an average age of 7.3years (range 5.5 to 14 years who had lateral humeral condyle fracture and reporte d 3 or more weeks after sustaining injury, were included in the study. The fractures were classified according to the Jacobs system. All patients were operated using the lateral approach and fixation was done using K wire or screw with or without bone graf ting. The results were graded as excellent, good, fair or poor according to the modified criteria of Agarwal et al. RESULTS : There were 14 males and 4 females with a mean age of 7 years and 3 months (range 4 - 14 years. Among the nine (50% patients who pr esented between 5 to 8 weeks after injury, the results were excellent in 3, good in 4, fair in 1 and poor in 1 patient. Excellent to good results were seen in all the five (27% patients presenting between 3 - 5 weeks of injury. Among four (23% patients out of total 18 patients who presented between 9 - 12 weeks of injury, 2 had poor results and 1 each had good and fair results. Maximum number of patients had Jacobs type 2 fractures. In our study 25% of these patients had showed excellent results, whereas only 12.5% of patients with type 3 fracture showed excellent results. Fo u rteen (n=14 patients underwent internal fixation with K wire and in four patients’ fixation was done by cancellous screws. The commonest complication seen was pin tract infection (n=10, followed by occasional pain (n=5 around the elbow. There were no cases of avascular necrosis. CONCLUSION : Satisfactory functional results can be obtained even in late presenting fractures lateral condyles of the humerus in children with modification of s urgical technique

  1. Femoral neck buttressing: a radiographic and histologic analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dixon, T.; Benjamin, J.; Lund, P. [University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona (United States); Graham, A. [Dept. of Pathology, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ (United States); Krupinski, E. [Dept. of Radiology, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ (United States)

    2000-10-01

    Objective. To examine the incidence, radiographic and histologic findings of medial femoral neck buttressing in a consecutive group of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty.Design. Biomechanical parameters were evaluated on standard anteroposterior pelvic radiographs of 113 patients prior to hip replacement surgery. Demographic information on all patients was reviewed and histologic evaluation was performed on specimens obtained at the time of surgery.Results. The incidence of medial femoral neck buttressing was found to be 50% in a consecutive series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. The incidence was slightly higher in women (56% vs 41%). Patients with buttressing had increased neck-shaft angles and smaller femoral neck diameters than were seen in patients without buttressing. Histologic evaluation demonstrated that the buttress resulted from deposition bone by the periosteum on the femoral neck in the absence of any evidence of femoral neck fracture.Conclusion. It would appear that femoral neck buttressing occurs in response to increased joint reactive forces seen at the hip being transmitted through the femoral neck. The increased joint reactive force can be related to the increased neck shaft angle seen in patients with buttressing. (orig.)

  2. Histomorphometric analysis of the femoral neck in patients with and without femoral neck fracture

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Caio Gonçalves de, Souza; Vanda, Jorgetti; Luciene Machado dos, Reis; Alberto Tesconi, Croci.

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine, through bone histomorphometry in femoral neck, whether there are differences in the cancellous bone of the proximal femur from female patients over 60 years old who had femoral neck fracture and similar patients who did not have such fracture. METHODS: We analyzed the trabe [...] cular part of the femur of 13 female patients, aged over 60 years old, by the bone histomorphometry method. Seven of these patients had femoral neck fracture. All of them were subjected to hip arthroplasty. RESULTS: Bone densitometry showed no significant difference. There was no significant difference on the average thickness of the trabecular bone (124.38µm versus 147.09µm). The number of bone trabeculae was lower (1.52, versus 1.88) and the separation between them was larger (541,19µm versus 391,14µm) in the fracture group. CONCLUSION: A difference in histomorphometric parameters of cancellous bone of the femur neck was observed among patients who had fractures as compared to patients who had not. Level of Evidence II, Diagnostic Studies.

  3. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF MEDIAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brijesh R. Aghera

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medial circumflex femoral artery is an important branch of Profunda femoris artery. It is an important artery in supplying blood to the head and neck of the femur, the adductor muscles and form anastomosis around head of femur. So study of variation of medial circumflex femoral artery great value for surgeon and orthopaedic surgeries. Materials and Methods: The present study includes 102 lower limbs of adult formalin fixed human cadavers used for the routine dissection procedure for under graduate and post graduate students in the department of Anatomy, M.R. Medical College, KBN Medical college and H K E Homeopathic College, Gulbarga (India during 2011-2014.The study was done by dissection method as per Cunningham’s manual of practical Anatomy. Result: In present study, we found that 25 extremities (25.49% medial circumflex femoral artery was originated directly from femoral artery. In 10 extremities (9.80% a common trunk was observed form medial circumflex femoral with femoral artery. Normal study was observed in 66 extremities (64.70%. Conclusion: In present study and other past studies we conclude that knowledge of variation in this artery is very important to preventing injury to vessels during surgical procedures around hip joint and also has important value in plastic surgery operations as the vascular pedicle of grafts such as the transverse upper gracilis (TUG flap, medial thigh flap and medial circumflex femoral (gracilis perforator free flap. During case of selective arteriography in ischaemic necrosis of the femoral head to know the arterial supply of the femoral head it is used.

  4. Treatment of the femoral neck peudoarthrosis in childhood: Case report

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    Vukašinovi? Zoran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Femoral neck fractures in children and adolescents are rare. However, their complications are frequent - avascular necrosis, femoral neck pseudoarthrosis, premature physeal closure with consequent growth disturbance and coxa vara deformity. Case Outline. A 9.5­year­old boy was injured in a car accident, and femoral neck fracture was diagnosed. Prior to admission at our hospital he was surgically treated several times. He was admitted at our hospital eight months following the accident. On the X­ray transcervical pseudoarthrosis of the femoral neck was found, as well as coxa vara deformity and metaphyseal avascular necrosis. He was operated at our hospital; all previously placed ostefixation material was removed, valgus osteotomy of 30 degrees was done as well as additional local osteoplasty using the commercial osteoindactive agent (Osteovit®. Postoperatively, we applied skin traction, bed rest and physical therapy. At the final follow­up, the patient was recovered completely. He is now painless, the legs are of equal length, range of movements in the left hip is full, life activity is normal. The X­ray shows that the femoral neck pseudoarthrosis is fully healed. Conclusion. This case is presented in order to encourage other colleagues to challenge the problematic situation such as this one. Also, we would like to remind them what one should think about and what should be taken into consideration in the primary treatment of femoral neck fractures in children. Valgus femoral osteotomy, as a part of the primary treatment of femoral neck fracture in children (identically as in the adults can prevent the occurrence of femoral neck pseudoarthrosis.

  5. Slipped upper femoral epiphysis with hemophilia A

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    Iyer Deepa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A 13-year-old boy who had hemophilia A was reported with pain in the left thigh and hip on walking. He had no history of trauma. Severe hemophilia A is diagnosed with a Factor VIII level of < 1 iu/dl. The presumptive diagnosis was that of a spontaneous bleed into the hip joint. Factor VIII mutational analysis revealed a C to G substitution at nucleotide 6683 which results in a cystine change at codon 2194. However, the symptoms persisted and an X-ray demonstrated the presence of an acute on chronic slip of the upper femoral epiphysis. The patient was transferred to the center treating his hemophilia where the hip was pinned in situ under cover with Factor VIII. This case demonstrates the need to be aware of a possible traumatic diagnosis of hip pain in a hemophiliac child with a longstanding history of spontaneous bleeding into joints.

  6. Analysis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT with multiplanar reconstruction (CT/MPR) was used to assess 25 adolescents with known or suspected slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). CT/MPR localizes the epiphysis in three planes, establishing its relationship to the acetabulum and the metaphyseal neck. MPR facilitates measurements of head-neck angles, residusal head-neck contact, and relative retrovision. CT/MPR may establish the true age of the epiphyseal failure and can reveal subtle SCFE in the face of normal plain films. Patients often present with confusing histories; clues to the true age of failure include subtle signs of healing, remodeling, or new bone buttressing. Characterization of acute versus chronic conditions influences preoperative planning. Postoperatively, CT/MPR confirms early results and follows epiphyseal fusion and remodelling. It also detects complications, such as pin or graft migration avascular necrosis (AVN), or chondrolysis

  7. Retrograde femoral interlocking nail in complex fractures.

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    Anup K

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Retrograde interlocking nail was used as the method of fixation in 35 different cases of combination of complex femoral fractures. We performed this procedure in fractures of femoral shaft associated with fracture neck femur, pathological fractures of proximal third of femur with trochanteric pathology, ipsilateral fracture of femur and tibia in polytrauma cases with multiple other injuries, in highly obese patients with fracture shaft femur. This technique was also used in cases of pregnancy with fracture shaft femur and in unstable pelvic fracture or dislocation hip associated with fracture shaft femur. Operative technique involved with retrograde insertion of un-reamed, non-cannulated custom made nail through entrance portal in intercondylar notch was applied for fixation of the shaft femur fracture. The other associated fracture around hip was stabilized separately using suitable implant according to type of fracture. In cases of ipsilateral fracture of femur and tibia, femur was stabilized by retrograde interlocking nail and tibia was stabilized by antigrade interlocking nail through same incision at the same sitting. The case was followed up for three years; the average union time was 12 to 18 weeks. Out of 35 cases, 31 cases regained full knee movement. Out of the remaining 4 cases, 2 cases could regain up to 90 degrees of movement, these were old fractures and non-cooperative patients. In one case, patellofemoral arthritis was developed because of an operative error where a nail was not put inside the articular surface. Mal-union was observed in an early case of the series and implant failure was nil. Retrograde interlocking nail was used as the method of fixation in complex fracture problems. Multiple fractures of long bones can be stabilized in one stage, preventing multiple operations at different stages in polytraumatized patients. This resulted in early recovery, lesser hospital stay, and early rehabilitation of patient with good results and is economical also.

  8. Femoral Neck Shaft Angle in Men with Fragility Fractures

    OpenAIRE

    A.D. Woolf; G. D. Summers; I. Pande; Scane, A. C.; D. J. Rawlings; Tuck, S. P.; Francis, R. M.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction. Femoral neck shaft angle (NSA) has been reported to be an independent predictor of hip fracture risk in men. We aimed to assess the role of NSA in UK men. Methods. The NSA was measured manually from the DXA scan printout in men with hip (62, 31 femoral neck and 31 trochanteric), symptomatic vertebral (91), and distal forearm (67) fractures and 389 age-matched control subjects. Age, height, weight, and BMD (g/cm2: lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total femur) measurements were per...

  9. Aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery in an infant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An isolated arterial aneurysm in childhood is extremely rare. We report a 1-year-old girl with an aneurysm of the right superficial femoral artery, presenting as an asymptomatic mass of the thigh. The aneurysm involved the whole superficial femoral artery (9 cm in length), and surgical treatment would have required replacement of the affected artery. Conservative treatment was chosen, influenced by the patient's rapid growth at that time. Non-invasive, 3-D contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was useful as an alternative to conventional angiography for detailed evaluation of the femoral arteries, including the aneurysm. (orig.)

  10. Post renal transplant posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Rahul N; Saxen, Sandip Kumar; Hartalkar, Amit

    2013-10-01

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is commonly associated with factors like hypertension, immunosuppression, uraemia, volume overload and electrolyte disturbances in post renal transplant patients. We report a case of (posterior reverssible encephalopathy syndrome) PRES in young post renal transplant patient where all these common associations were absent. High index of suspicion, clinical course and characteristic MRI finding was the key to the diagnosis. PMID:24772733

  11. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head after renal transplantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 5 out of 16 renal transplantation patients, osteonecrosis of the femoral head developed in the presence (p < 0.01) of significant uremic neuropathy; its possible pathogenetic role is discussed. (orig.)

  12. Hygroma following endovascular femoral aneurysm exclusion : A case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Morten; Pedersen, Brian Lindegaard

    2013-01-01

    Endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal segments is a suggested alternative to open surgical repair. Careful selection of patients for endovascular treatment of SFA aneurysms is mandatory.

  13. Delayed appearance of hypaesthesia and paralysis after femoral nerve block

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Landgraeber

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available We report on a female patient who underwent an arthroscopy of the right knee and was given a continuous femoral nerve block catheter. The postoperative course was initially unremarkable, but when postoperative mobilisation was commenced, 18 hours after removal of the catheter, the patient noticed paralysis and hypaesthesia. Examination confirmed the diagnosis of femoral nerve dysfunction. Colour duplex sonography of the femoral artery and computed tomography of the lumbar spine and pelvis yielded no pathological findings. Overnight the neurological deficits decreased without therapy and were finally no longer detectable. We speculate that during the administration of the local anaesthetic a depot formed, localised in the medial femoral intermuscular septa, which was leaked after first mobilisation. To our knowledge no similar case has been published up to now. We conclude that patients who are treated with a nerve block should be informed and physician should be aware that delayed neurological deficits are possible.

  14. 'Femoral head necrosis' in metabolic and hormonal osteopathies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pathogenesis of bone necrosis is discussed with special attention and with respect to metabolic, hormonal, and vascular factors. The influence of statics and dynamics of the hip joint bones for the development of aseptic necrosis are discussed. 45 patients with ''idiopathic femoral head necroses'' were observed, including 6 cases of renal osteopathy following renal transplantation and immune suppression therapy, 14 cases of long term corticoid therapy, and 11 cases of liver diseases of different genesis. The femoral head necrosis understood as complication of an osteopathy. In our patients there were 31 males and 14 females - which means higher involvement of males. Plain radiological findings and CT-findings of changes of the femoral heat structure in different stages of the disease are described. Early diagnosis of metabolic and hormonal osteopathies is demanded for a joint keeping therapy of the beginning femoral head necrosis. (orig.)

  15. Prospective evaluation of a pragmatic treatment rationale: open reduction and internal fixation of displaced and dislocated condyle and condylar head fractures and closed reduction of non-displaced, non-dislocated fractures. Part I: condyle and subcondylar fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landes, C A; Lipphardt, R

    2005-12-01

    This prospective study evaluated outcomes of closed reduction (CR) in non-displaced, non-dislocated condyle and subcondylar fractures (Class I) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of displaced (Class II) and dislocated (Class IV) fractures. Forty-five patients with 51 fractures (six (13%) with bilateral fractures), 11 (25%) CR and 34 (75%) ORIF, were enrolled in a 1-year follow up that 20 patients with 25 fractures completed. Condylar translation in Class I fractures recovered to 12mm for vertical opening, 9mm for protrusion, 8mm for mediotrusion; in Class II, respectively, 10, 7 and 9mm; and Class IV, respectively, 8, 7 and 7mm. Incisal movements recovered to 46, 8 and 9mm in Class I; 44, 7 and 9mm in Class II; and 43, 5 and 7mm in Class IV. Vertical and angular fragment reduction versus the non-fractured condyle was +0.3 to -1.9mm, +1.1 degrees to +1.8 degrees in Class I; -2.2 to -1.9mm, +0.6 degrees to -1.2 degrees in Class II; +2.9 to -1.1mm, +18.4 degrees to +6 degrees in Class IV. Malocclusion and joint locking were unreliable determinants for a treatment decision, being forged by concomitant fractures. All complications subsided after 6 months; translation and incisal movements returned to within the normal range in proportion to the severity of displacement and dislocation. Vertical opening translation in Class IV fractures remained short-to-normal and was compensated by rotation. Unacceptable clinical function according to predefined standards was not found after 1 year. Angular reposition was better than vertical reduction. This study documents successful evidence-based treatment according to predefined criteria. PMID:15979851

  16. Posterior capsule staining and posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis in congenital cataract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakabayashi, Taketoshi; Yamamoto, Narumichi

    2002-11-01

    We report 2 cases of indocyanine green (ICG) staining used for posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) in congenital cataract combined with anterior vitrectomy. In the first case, because of corneal opacity, the visibility of the posterior capsule was poor without staining. After the extraction of the cataract, a PCCC was performed after ICG staining of the posterior capsule. In the second case, after cataract removal, ICG staining was used to better visualize the posterior capsule. In both cases, the PCCC was successfully completed because of better visualization of the stained posterior capsule flap against the transparent anterior hyaloid face of the vitreous. Clear visual axes have been maintained. PMID:12457683

  17. Posterior talus osteochondroma a rare location, treated by posterior ankle arthroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Umesh; Kulkarni, Ameya

    2015-09-01

    The common cause of posterior ankle impingement syndrome is impingement of the Os trigonum or the posterior talar process. We report a case of a 46-year-old lady having osteochondroma of the posterior talar process, a rare occurrence at this site. This patient was treated with posterior ankle arthroscopic excision through the 2-portal posterior ankle arthroscopy technique in the prone position. 6 months post-operatively, her ankle pain disappeared and ankle range of movement improved significantly and there is no recurrence of the tumour. PMID:26235872

  18. Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament by means of an anteromedial portal and femoral fixation using Rigidfix, / Reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior pelo portal anteromedial e fixação femoral com Rigidfix

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André Manoel, Inácio; Osmar Valadão, Lopes Júnior; André, Kuhn; José Idílio, Saggin; Paulo Renato Fernandes, Saggin; Leandro de Freitas, Spinelli; Daniela Medeiros de, Castro.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar uma série de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior com tendões flexores pela técnica transportal anteromedial com o uso de Rigidfix para fixação femoral e analisar o posicionamento dos pinos por meio de tomografia. Métodos: Foram incluídos [...] no estudo 32 pacientes. A avaliação clínica foi feita com os escores de Lysholm, IKDC subjetivo e Rolimeter. Todos foram submetidos a tomografia computadorizada com reconstrução em 3D para avaliação do ponto de entrada e do posicionamento dos pinos do Rigidfix em relação à cartilagem articular do côndilo lateral do fêmur. Resultados: A média do escore de Lysholm obtido foi de 87,81 e do IKDC subjetivo, de 83,72. Dos 32 pacientes avaliados, 43% retornaram a atividades consideradas muito vigorosas, 9% a vigorosas, 37,5% a moderadas e 12,5% a leves. Em 16 pacientes (50%), o ponto de entrada do pino distal do Rigidfix foi localizado fora da cartilagem (extracartilagem), em sete (21,87%) o pino distal lesou a cartilagem articular (intracartilagem) e em nove (28,12%) ficou na borda da cartilagem articular do côndilo lateral do fêmur. Conclusão: Os pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do LCA com o sistema Rigidfix pela técnica transportal anteromedial apresentaram um resultado clínico satisfatório no tempo de seguimento avaliado. Entretanto, o risco de lesão da cartilagem articular pelo pino distal do Rigidfix deve ser considerado quando a técnica via portal anteromedial é usada. Outros estudos com maior número de pacientes e com um tempo de seguimento mais longo devem ser feitos para melhor avaliação. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate a series of patients who underwent surgery for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with flexor tendons, by means of the anteromedial transportal technique using Rigidfix for femoral fixation, and to analyze the positioning of the pins by means of tomography. Me [...] thods: Thirty-two patients were included in the study. The clinical evaluation was done using the Lysholm, subjective IKDC and Rolimeter. All of them underwent computed tomography with 3D reconstruction in order to evaluate the entry point and positioning of the Rigidfix pins in relation to the joint cartilage of the lateral condyle of the femur. Results: The mean Lysholm score obtained was 87.81 and the subjective IKDC was 83.72. Among the 32 patients evaluated, 43% returned to activities that were considered to be very vigorous, 9% vigorous, 37.5% moderate and 12.5% light. In 16 patients (50%), the distal entry point of the Rigidfix pin was located outside of the cartilage (extracartilage); in seven (21.87%), the distal pin injured the joint cartilage (intracartilage); and in nine (28.12%), it was at the border of the lateral condyle of the femur. Conclusion: The patients who underwent ACL reconstruction by means of the anteromedial transportal using the Rigidfix system presented satisfactory clinical results over the length of follow-up evaluated. However, the risk of lesions of the joint cartilage from the distal Rigidfix pin needs to be taken into consideration when the technique via an anteromedial portal is used. Further studies with larger numbers of patients and longer follow-up times should be conducted for better evaluation.

  19. OUTCOME OF INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES TREATED WITH SHORT FEMORAL NAIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadkikar Shriniwas V, Yadkikar Vishnu S, Patel Mayank, Dhruvilkumar Gandhi, Kunkulol Rahul

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To study the functional and anatomical outcome of Inter trochanteric fractures of femur treated with Short femoral nail. Method: This was retrospective study carried out in which 60 patients (50 Male & 10 Female of 5th to 8th decade of life who underwent Short femoral nail fixation for both Stable & unstable Inter Trochanteric fractures. From the records each patient data was assessed for time required for mobilization, average fracture healing time, degree and grade of hip range of movements, complications, anatomical reduction achieved using Short femoral nail fixation. Results: 55 cases achieved Anatomical reduction. Good to Excellent Hip range of Motion was in 55 (90 % cases. Fracture union was seen in all cases. No evidence of Z Effect, AVN of femoral head, Implant failure, Fracture of femoral shaft below the Nail tip was seen in any case, However Reverse Z Effect was seen in 4 & shortening of less than 2 cm was seen in 2 cases, External rotation of 10 degree was seen in1 case. Average fracture Union time was 14 weeks. Conclusion: Short femoral nail appears to be better implant for fixation of both Stable & unstable Inter Trochanteric fractures as it fulfills the biomechanical demands being minimally invasive, less blood loss , it prevents excessive varus collapse at fracture site, produces less stress riser effect below the nail tip, Short operative time, Facilitates early mobilization & functional recovery of patients. But Anatomical fracture reduction & optimal implant placement are absolutely must for better results.

  20. Aneurisma verdadero de la arteria femoral: Reporte de caso / True anneurysm of the femoral artery: Case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Julián, Moreno; Claudia, Corso.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Los aneurismas verdaderos de la arteria femoral son un problema clínico infrecuente, y generalmente son publicados como reporte de caso en la literatura; su presentación puede ser variada, y aunque la mayoría son asintomáticos, pueden presentarse con cualquiera de sus complicaciones. Se expone el ca [...] so de un paciente de 85 años con aneurisma roto de la arteria femoral común izquierda, quien ingresa al servicio de urgencias y es intervenido quirúrgicamente de manera satisfactoria. Abstract in english True aneurysms of the femoral artery are a rare clinical problem and are generally published as a case report in the literature. Its presentation can be varied, and although most are asymptomatic, they may present with any of its complications. We present the case of a 85 years old patient with rupt [...] ured aneurysm of the left common femoral artery, who was admitted to the emergency room and underwent surgery successfully.

  1. Distúrbios de coagulação em pacientes com osteonecrose da cabeça femoral Coagulation disorders in patients with femoral head osteonecrosis

    OpenAIRE

    Flávio Luís Garcia; Edvaldo Luiz Ramalli Júnior; Celso Hermínio Ferraz Picado

    2013-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Comparar a ocorrência de trombofilias em pacientes com osteonecrose idiopática da cabeça femoral em relação aos pacientes com osteonecrose secundária da cabeça femoral. MÉTODOS: Um total de 24 pacientes consecutivos foram avaliados, sendo oito portadores de osteonecrose idiopática e 16 de osteonecrose secundária. Os exames realizados na detecção de trombofilias foram as dosagens de proteína C, proteína S e antitrombina e as pesquisas de mutações nos genes da protrombina e do fator V...

  2. Morning Glory Syndrome Associated with Posterior Lenticonus

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Xiao-Guang; Li, Xiao-Xin; Bao, Yong-Zhen

    2009-01-01

    The clinical features of the morning glory syndrome (MSG) are demonstrated in a 12-year-old male patient with the posterior lenticonus in the left eye. This patient had retinal detachment in the left eye. A complete ocular examination was performed and the patient underwent a pars plana vitrectomy of the left eye. Slit-lamp examination revealed the posterior lenticonus with the posterior subcapsular opacities in the left eye. The fundus showed the symptoms of MGS. The discs were pink and deep...

  3. DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSANAAN KATUP URETRA POSTERIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Primeriana Nugiaswari

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Katup uretra posterior merupakan penyebab utama kesakitan, kematian, dan kerusakanginjal berkelanjutan pada anak-anak. Kelainan ini berupa lipatan mukosa abnormalkongenital pada uretra pars prostatika yang menyerupai membran tipis yangmenghambat drainase kandung kemih. Katup uretra posterior mayoritas didiagnosis saatprenatal melalui penggunaan ultrasonografi maternal. Tingkat keparahan dan derajatobstruksi yang disebabkan oleh kelainan ini tergantung pada konfigurasi dari membranobstruktif dalam uretra. Keputusan untuk mengintervensi saat prenatal didasarkan padausia kehamilan, volume cairan amnion, dan fungsi renal pada aspirasi urin fetus. Ablasikatup dengan endoskopi merupakan standar emas penanganan katup uretra posterior.

  4. Results of triple muscle (sartorius, tensor fascia latae and part of gluteus medius pedicle bone grafting in neglected femoral neck fracture in physiologically active patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Kumar Mishra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Femoral neck fractures are notorious for complications like avascular necrosis and nonunion. In developing countries, various factors such as illiteracy, low socioeconomic status, ignorance are responsible for the delay in surgery. Neglected fracture neck femur always poses a formidable challenge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of triple muscle pedicle bone grafting using sartorius, tensor fasciae latae and part of gluteus medius in neglected femoral neck fracture. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study with medical record of 50 patients, who were operated by open reduction, internal fixation along with muscle pedicle bone grafting by the anterior approach. After open reduction, two to three cancellous screws (6.5 mm were used for internal fixation in all cases. A bony chunk of the whole anterior superior iliac spine of 1 cm thickness, 1 cm width and 4.5 cm length, taken from the iliac crest comprised of muscle pedicle of sartorius, tensor fascia latae and part of gluteus medius. Then the graft with all three muscles mobilized and put in the trough made over the anterior or anterosuperior aspect of the femoral head. The graft was fixed with one or two 4.5 mm self-tapping cortical screw in anterior to posterior direction. Results: 14 patients were lost to followup. The results were based on 36 patients. We observed that in our series, there was union in 34, out of 36 (94.4% patients. All patients were within the age group of 15-51 years (average 38 years with displaced neglected femoral neck fracture of ?30 days. Mean time taken for full clinicoradiological union was 14 weeks (range-10-24 weeks. Conclusion: Triple muscle pedicle bone grafting gives satisfactory results for neglected femoral neck fracture in physiologically active patients.

  5. Unusual Relationship between the Piriform Muscle and Sciatic, Inferior Gluteal and Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerves / Relación Inusual entre el Músculo Piriforme y los Nervios Isquiático, Glúteo Inferior y Cutâneo Femoral Posterior

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A. L, Jacomo; C. A. R, Martinez; S. O, Saleh; M, Andrade; F. E, Akamatsu.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El síndrome del músculo piriforme se ha reconocido cada vez más como una causa de dolor en los miembros inferiores. Tensión excesiva o variaciones anatómicas del nervio y del músculo piriforme se cree son las causas subyacentes de pinzamiento del nervio isquiático. Se presenta una variación no descr [...] ita anteriormente. Durante una disección de rutina en un cadáver de sexo masculino, se observó una división más alta del nervio isquiático y la presencia de un músculo piriforme accesorio. El nervio isquiático se dividía bajo el músculo piriforme y el nervio fibular común pasaba sobre el músculo piriforme accesorio. Por otra parte, el nervio tibial cruzaba entre los músculos piriforme accesorio y gemelo superior. Además, ambos nervios se comunicaban con un ramo lateral bajo el margen inferior del músculo piriforme accesorio y el nervio glúteo inferior se originaba desde el nervio fibular. Variaciones anatómicas y relaciones entre el músculo piriforme y nervio isquiático pueden estar presentes hasta en el 17% de la población. Seis variaciones diferentes se han descrito en este artículo y ninguna es similar a nuestra descripción. A pesar del completo entendimiento de la fisiopatología del síndrome del músculo piriforme, aún queda por esclarecer y conocer las posibles variaciones anatómicas que pueden ser útiles tanto para su diagnóstico como para el tratamiento adecuado. Abstract in english Piriformis muscle syndrome has been increasingly recognized as a cause of leg pain. Overuse, strain, or anatomical variations of the relationship between the nerve and the piriformis muscle are thought to be the underlying causes of the entrapment of the sciatic nerve. We report a variation not prev [...] iously described which was found during a routine dissection. During routine dissection of the left gluteal region of an adult male cadaver we observed a high division of the sciatic nerve and the presence of an accessory piriformis muscle. The sciatic nerve divided beneath the piriformis muscle and the common fibular nerve passed over the accessory piriformis muscle, whereas the tibial nerve reflected anteriorly to pass between the accessory piriformis and the superior gemellus muscle. Additionally, both nerves communicated with a side branch under the inferior border of the accessory piriformis muscle and the inferior gluteal nerve originated from the fibular nerve. Anatomical variations in the relationship between the piriformis muscle and the sciatic nerve may be present in up to 17% of the population. Six different variations have been described and none of them is similar to our description. Though complete understanding of the physiopathology of the piriformis muscle syndrome remains to be elucidated, knowledge of the possible anatomical variations may be useful for its adequate diagnosis and treatment.

  6. Reemplazo total de rodilla luego de una osteotomía supracondílea femoral

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Hernán, Del Sel; Germán, Viale; Guillermo, Del Sel; Tomás, Vilaseca.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En la artrosis de rodilla, la osteotomía varizante supracondílea femoral se realiza con menor fre cuencia que la valguizante tibial. Luego de la osteotomía puede haber un resultado insatisfactorio por persistencia de dolor, recidiva de la deformidad o progresión de la enfermedad degene [...] rativa, factores que podrán hacer necesaria la indicación de una artroplastia total de rodilla, Esta deberá planearse teniendo en cuenta las incisiones previas, el material de osteosíntesis y la deformidad del fémur distal secundario a la osteotomía. La colocación de la guía intramedular femoral puede ser dificultosa y en el componente femoral se podrá necesitar un tallo endome dular. Materiales y métodos: Se presenta una serie de 11 reem plazos de rodilla indicados por progresión de la enferme dad artrósica luego de una osteotomía varizante supra condílea femoral. Resultados: Los resultados son satisfactorios y semejan tes a los de una artroplastia primaria si se conocen las dificultades técnicas y se toman precauciones para redu cir al mínimo las complicaciones previsibles. La inciden cia de complicaciones es menor que en las secuelas de una osteotomía tibial. Conclusiones: El reemplazo de rodilla luego de una oste otomía femoral es infrecuente y se deben conocer las difi cultades técnicas que pueden encontrarse debido a la deformidad extraarticular. Abstract in english Background: Total knee replacement following varus supracondylar femoral osteotomy is less frequently performed than after valgus tibial osteotomy. It may be indicated for persistent pain, recurrence of deformity and / or progression of degenerative arthritis with deterioration of the clinical resul [...] t. Special precautions need to be applied regarding previous incisions, existing hardware and acquired deformity of the lower femur. Intramedullary femoral guides are often difficult to insert and the femoral component may require the addition of a stem. Methods: We report on 11 total knee replacements performed after supracondylar femoral osteotomy. Results are satisfactory when technical difficulties are properly dealt with. Results: the results are satisfactory and similar to a primary total knee replacement and The incidence of complicatios is less than after tibial osteotomy. Conclusions: Total knee replacement after femoral osteotomy is infrequent and technical difficulties that might appear due to extra-articular deformity should be known.

  7. Continuous sagittal radiological evaluation of stair-climbing in cruciate-retaining and posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasties using image-matching techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamai, Satoshi; Okazaki, Ken; Shimoto, Takeshi; Nakahara, Hiroyuki; Higaki, Hidehiko; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2015-05-01

    In this study, we evaluated the in vivo kinematics of stair-climbing after posterior stabilized (PS) and cruciate retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using radiographic-based image-matching techniques. Mid-flexion anteroposterior stability was demonstrated in all knees after CR TKA. However, paradoxical femoral translation at low flexion angles was seen in both designs. The post-cam mechanism did not function after PS TKA. Larger posterior tibial slope in PS TKA was linked to forward sliding of the femur at mid-flexion and unintended anterior tibial post impingement at knee extension. CR TKA is more sagittally stable in mid-flexion during stair climbing and attention must be given to minimize posterior tibial slope when using late cam-post engaging PS TKA designs. PMID:25618811

  8. Posterior alien hand syndrome: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The alien hand syndrome (AHS) is involuntary uncontrolled movement of an arm with a sense of estrangement from the limb itself. AHS was initially used to describe interhemispheric disconnection phenomena in patients with lesions in the anterior corpus callosum, but it has been found in patients with posterior cerebral lesions without involvement of the corpus callosum, for example parietal infarcts or corticobasal degeneration. The posterior alien hand syndrome is less frequent and presents with nonpurposive behaviour like lifting the arm or writhing fingers. We report an 80-year-old woman with a posterior AHS of the dominant right hand. MRI showed atrophy of the pre- and postcentral gyri without involvement of the corpus callosum. We discuss the aetiology of the posterior AHS and the differences from the anterior varieties. (orig.)

  9. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury - aftercare

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is located inside your knee joint and connects the bones of your upper and lower leg. A PCL injury occurs when the ligament is stretched or torn. A partial PCL tear ...

  10. Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Treatment (Posterior Blepharitis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... evaporation. In a patient with Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), vision is affected because there is too much ... the tear film. What is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction? MGD, also termed posterior blepharitis, is the most common ...

  11. Cryptorchidism in boys with posterior urethral valves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, R P; Hardy, B E; Churchill, B M

    1980-07-01

    A review of 207 male children with poterior urethral valves revealed an over-all incidence of cryptorchidism of 12 per cent. This association of cryptorchidism in boys with posterior urethral valves has not been described previously. PMID:6106069

  12. Fracturing of revision of a cobalt-chrome femoral head after fracturing of a ceramic femoral head, with diffuse metallosis. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Miguel Dantas Costa Marques

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We presente a case of a fracture of a cobalt-chrome femoral head after revision of a hip total prosthesis with ceramic femoral head fracture. During surgery we found the cobalt-chrome femoral head fracture, wear of the polyethylene and massive metallosis in muscular and cartilaginous tissue. Both femoral stem and acetabular cup were stable and without apparent wearing. After surgical debridement, we promoted the substitution of the femoral head and the acetabular polyethylene by similar ones. After 12 months of follow-up, the patient has no pain complaints, function limit or systemic signs associated with malign metallosis

  13. Cementless hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures in elderly patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozturkmen Yusuf

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The use of cement is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rate in elderly patients, hence cementless hemiarthroplasty is suggested. We evaluated the results of cementless hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fractures in elderly patients with high-risk clinical problems. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight patients (29 females, 19 males with a mean age of 88 years (range: 78 to 102 years. having femoral neck fractures were treated with the use of cementless hemiarthroplasty. Porous-coated femoral stems were used in 30 patients (62% and modular type femoral revision stems in 18 patients (38%. Bipolar femoral heads were used in all patients. Radiological follow-up after operation was done at the one, three, six months and annually. Results: The mean follow-up period was 4.2 years (range: 18 months to eight years. None of the patients died during hospitalization. Medical complications occurred in six patients (12% within the follow-up period and four patients (8% died within this period. Only two hips were converted to total hip arthroplasty due to acetabular erosion. Femoral revision was planned for one patient with a subsidence of > 3 mm. None of the patients had acetabular protrusion or heterotopic ossification. The mean Harris-hip score was 84 (range: 52 to 92. Dislocation occured in one patient (2%. Conclusion: Cementless hemiarthroplasty is a suitable method of treatment for femoral neck fractures in elderly patients with high-risk clinical problems especially of a cardiopulmonary nature. This method decreases the risk of hypotension and fat embolism associated with cemented hemiarthroplasty.

  14. What do we know about atypical femoral fractures? Insights and enigmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Audran, Maurice; Cortet, Bernard; Thomas, Thierry

    2011-12-01

    Although the existence of atypical femoral fractures is well established and bisphosphonate therapy is thought to be a major risk factor, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Epidemiological data show that atypical femoral fractures account for only a small proportion of diaphyseal subtrochanteric femoral fractures, being about 100 times less common than proximal femoral fractures. Consequently, the existence of atypical femoral fractures does not call into question the extremely favorable risk/benefit ratio of bisphosphonate therapy in patients with osteoporosis. Clearly, the number of fractures prevented by bisphosphonate therapy far exceeds the number of atypical femoral fractures potentially related to bisphosphonates. PMID:21592839

  15. Multiplanar CT assessment of femoral head displacement in slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With recent changing approaches to the management of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), the accurate radiographic assessment of maximum extent of displacement is crucial for planning surgical treatment. To determine what plane best represents the maximum SCFE displacement as quantified by the head-neck angle difference (HNAD), whether HNAD can quantitatively differentiate the SCFE cohort from the normal cohort, based on CT, and how Southwick slip angle (SSA) compares to HNAD. We reviewed 19 children with SCFE (23 affected hips) with preoperative CT scans and 27 age- and sex-matched children undergoing abdominal CT for non-orthopedic problems. Head-neck angle (HNA), the angle between the femoral epiphysis and the neck axis, was measured in three planes on each hip and the HNAD (affected - unaffected hip) was determined. SSA was measured on radiographs. The coronal HNAD (mean 8.7 ) was less than both the axial-oblique (mean 30.7 ) and sagittal (mean 37.4 ) HNADs, which were also greater than the HNADs of the normal cohort. Grouping HNAD measurements by SSA severity classification did not consistently distinguish between SCFE severity levels. Axial-oblique and sagittal planes best represent the maximum SCFE displacement while biplanar radiograph may underestimate the extent of the displacement, thereby potentially altering the management between in situ pinning and capital realignment. (orig.)

  16. Multiplanar CT assessment of femoral head displacement in slipped capital femoral epiphysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monazzam, Shafagh [Rady Children' s Hospital and Health Center, Department of Orthopedics, San Diego, CA (United States); Dwek, Jerry R. [Rady Children' s Hospital and Health Center, Department of Radiology, San Diego, CA (United States); Hosalkar, Harish S. [Center for Hip Preservation, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, TriCity Medical Center, Oceanside, CA (United States)

    2013-12-15

    With recent changing approaches to the management of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), the accurate radiographic assessment of maximum extent of displacement is crucial for planning surgical treatment. To determine what plane best represents the maximum SCFE displacement as quantified by the head-neck angle difference (HNAD), whether HNAD can quantitatively differentiate the SCFE cohort from the normal cohort, based on CT, and how Southwick slip angle (SSA) compares to HNAD. We reviewed 19 children with SCFE (23 affected hips) with preoperative CT scans and 27 age- and sex-matched children undergoing abdominal CT for non-orthopedic problems. Head-neck angle (HNA), the angle between the femoral epiphysis and the neck axis, was measured in three planes on each hip and the HNAD (affected - unaffected hip) was determined. SSA was measured on radiographs. The coronal HNAD (mean 8.7 ) was less than both the axial-oblique (mean 30.7 ) and sagittal (mean 37.4 ) HNADs, which were also greater than the HNADs of the normal cohort. Grouping HNAD measurements by SSA severity classification did not consistently distinguish between SCFE severity levels. Axial-oblique and sagittal planes best represent the maximum SCFE displacement while biplanar radiograph may underestimate the extent of the displacement, thereby potentially altering the management between in situ pinning and capital realignment. (orig.)

  17. Efficient search using posterior phone probability estimates.

    OpenAIRE

    Renals, Steve; Hochberg, Mike

    1995-01-01

    In this paper we present a novel, efficient search strategy for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition (LVCSR). The search algorithm, based on stack decoding, uses posterior phone probability estimates to substantially increase its efficiency with minimal effect on accuracy. In particular, the search space is dramatically reduced by phone deactivation pruning where phones with a small local posterior probability are deactivated. This approach is particularly well-suited to hybrid conn...

  18. Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome Induced by Pazopanib

    OpenAIRE

    Chelis Leonidas; Souftas Vasilios; Amarantidis Kiriakos; Xenidis Nikolaos; Chamalidou Eleni; Dimopoulos Prokopios; Michailidis Prodromos; Christakidis Evagelos; Prassopoulos Panagiotis; Kakolyris Stylianos

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is a clinical/radiological syndrome characterized by headache, seizures, impaired vision, acute hypertension, and typical magnetic resonance imaging findings. There are several reports in the literature that depict its occurrence in cancer patients. The list of common anticancer and supportive care drugs that predispose to reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is expanding and includes not only a large numbe...

  19. Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty for Vaginal Prolapse

    OpenAIRE

    Zinat Ghanbari; Tahereh Eftekhar; Bahareh Hajibaratali; Maryam S Mireshghi; Mamak Shariat

    2008-01-01

    "nObjective: Urogynecologists are constantly looking for simple, safe and effective ways to cure vaginal apex prolapse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of posterior intravaginal slingplasty (PIVS). Materials and methods: A total of 38 patients with advanced vaginal apical prolapse underwent posterior intravaginal slingplasty in Vali-e-Asr hospital in Tehran. In this clinical trial (before-after study), demographic, pre-operative, operative details and post-operative fol...

  20. Vermian agenesis without posterior fossa cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamsbaum, C. [Dept. of Pediatric Radiology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France); Moreau, V. [Dept. of Pediatric Radiology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France); Bulteau, C. [Dept. of Pediatric Neurology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France); Burstyn, J. [Dept. of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France); Lair Milan, F. [Dept. of Pediatric Radiology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France); Kalifa, G. [Dept. of Pediatric Radiology, Saint Vincent de Paul Hospital, 75 Paris (France)

    1994-12-01

    We report 11 cases of vermian partial agenesis without posterior fossa cyst or hemispheric abnormalities. Characteristic MR signs were: absence of the posterior lobe, hypoplasia of the anterior lobe, a narrow sagittal cleft separating the hemispheres (``buttocks sign``) and fourth ventricle deformity. The main clinical signs were complex oculomotor dysfunction and developmental delay. None of the patients had respiratory symptoms. Consideration is given to the relationship between Joubert syndrome and this entity as well as to embroyological data. (orig.)

  1. Vermian agenesis without posterior fossa cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report 11 cases of vermian partial agenesis without posterior fossa cyst or hemispheric abnormalities. Characteristic MR signs were: absence of the posterior lobe, hypoplasia of the anterior lobe, a narrow sagittal cleft separating the hemispheres (''buttocks sign'') and fourth ventricle deformity. The main clinical signs were complex oculomotor dysfunction and developmental delay. None of the patients had respiratory symptoms. Consideration is given to the relationship between Joubert syndrome and this entity as well as to embroyological data. (orig.)

  2. Posterior Basicranium Asymmetry and Idiopathic Scoliosis

    OpenAIRE

    Rousie, D. L.; Joly, O; Berthoz, A.

    2009-01-01

    Study design Are there neuro-anatomical abnormalities associated with idiopathic scoliosis (IS)? Posterior Basicranium (PBA) reflects cerebellum growth and contains vestibular organs, two structures suspected to be involved in scoliosis. Objective The aim of this study was to compare posterior basicranium asymmetry (PBA) in Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and normal subjects. Method: To measure the shape of PBA in 3D, we defined an intra-cranial frame of reference based on CNS a...

  3. Total hip arthroplasty using a posterior minimally invasive approach - results after six years / Artroplastia total do quadril feita por via posterior minimamente invasiva - Resultados após seis anos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Ricardo Negreiros, Vicente; Helder Souza, Miyahara; Carlos Malheiros, Luzo; Henrique Melo, Gurgel; Alberto Tesconi, Croci.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o resultado clínico-funcional em médio prazo (seguimento mínimo de seis anos) da artroplastia total do quadril não cimentada feita por acesso minimamente invasivo (MIS) posterior comparado ao acesso lateral direto (LD) tradicional. MÉTODOS: Em um estudo comparativo prospectivo, 22 [...] 4 pacientes adultos foram submetidos à artroplastia total do quadril em caráter eletivo, por diagnóstico de osteoartrose primária ou secundária, e se comparou o grupo MIS posterior (103 pacientes) com o grupo acesso LD tradicional (121). A média de tempo de seguimento dos pacientes da amostra foi 7,2 anos. Avaliamos os resultados clínico-funcionais e radiográficos e a ocorrência de solturas, assim como complicações ocorridas com um seguimento mínimo de seis anos. RESULTADOS: A análise clínico-funcional antes e seis anos após o procedimento cirúrgico foi semelhante nos dois grupos (p = 0,88 e p = 0,55). Um paciente do grupo MIS foi submetido à revisão do componente acetabular e dois do grupo controle foram submetidos ao mesmo procedimento, p = 0,46. O teste clínico de Trendelenburg, que evidenciou uma fraqueza da musculatura abdutora do quadril, estava presente em cinco pacientes operados pela via lateral tradicional e ausente em todos os submetidos ao MIS (p = 0,06). Não houve diferença quanto aos parâmetros radiográficos obtidos tanto do posicionamento acetabular quanto do femoral (p = 0,32, p = 0,58). CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados em médio prazo, clínicos e radiográficos, e a taxa de complicações foram semelhantes entre os pacientes submetidos à artroplastia total do quadril pelo acesso posterior minimamente invasivo e pela via lateral tradicional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium-term clinical-functional results (minimum follow-up of six years) from total uncemented hip arthroplasty performed by means of a posterior minimally invasive access, in comparison with the traditional right lateral access. METHODS: In a comparative prospective stud [...] y, 224 adult patients underwent elective total hip arthroplasty due to a diagnosis of primary or secondary osteoarthrosis. A group of 103 patients with posterior minimally invasive access was compared with a group of 121 patients with the traditional right lateral access. The mean length of follow-up among the patients of this sample was 7.2 years. We evaluated the clinical-functional and radiographic results and occurrences of loosening, along with any complications that occurred, with a minimum follow-up of six years. RESULTS: The clinical-functional analyses before the surgical procedure and six years afterwards were similar in the two groups (p = 0.88 and p = 0.55). One patient in the minimally invasive group underwent revision of the acetabular component and two patients in the control group underwent the same procedure (p = 0.46). The Trendelenburg clinical test, which showed weakness of the hip abductor musculature, was present in five patients operated using the traditional lateral route and absent in all those who underwent the minimally invasive procedure (p = 0.06). There was no difference regarding the radiographic parameters obtained, either in acetabular or in femoral positioning (p = 0.32 and p = 0.58). CONCLUSIONS: The medium-term clinical and radiographic results and the complication rates were similar between the patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty by means of the posterior minimally invasive access and those with the traditional lateral access.

  4. Posterior Wnts Have Distinct Roles in Specification and Patterning of the Planarian Posterior Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sureda-Gómez, Miquel; Pascual-Carreras, Eudald; Adell, Teresa

    2015-01-01

    The wnt signaling pathway is an intercellular communication mechanism essential in cell-fate specification, tissue patterning and regional-identity specification. A ?catenin-dependent signal specifies the AP (Anteroposterior) axis of planarians, both during regeneration of new tissues and during normal homeostasis. Accordingly, four wnts (posterior wnts) are expressed in a nested manner in central and posterior regions of planarians. We have analyzed the specific role of each posterior wnt and the possible cooperation between them in specifying and patterning planarian central and posterior regions. We show that each posterior wnt exerts a distinct role during re-specification and maintenance of the central and posterior planarian regions, and that the integration of the different wnt signals (?catenin dependent and independent) underlies the patterning of the AP axis from the central region to the tip of the tail. Based on these findings and data from the literature, we propose a model for patterning the planarian AP axis. PMID:26556349

  5. Abordagem simplificada do nervo ciático por via posterior, no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral, com uso de neuroestimulador

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca Neuber Martins; Ferreira Fernando Xavier; Ruzi Roberto Araújo; Pereira Gulherme Carnaval Souza

    2002-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O bloqueio do nervo ciático pode ser realizado por várias abordagens com vantagens e desvantagens. O nervo ciático é o maior nervo do corpo humano em diâmetro e comprimento. É a continuação do fascículo superior do plexo sacral (L4, L5, S1, S2 e S3). Sai da pelve através do forâmen isquiático maior, passando por baixo do músculo piriforme, desce entre o trocânter maior do fêmur e a tuberosidade isquiática, e ao longo do dorso da coxa, anterior aos músculos bíceps fe...

  6. Osteotomia femoral em cúpula para correção do ângulo de inclinação do colo do fémur Femoral cupola osteotomy for correction of femoral neck inclination angle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo lamaguti

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Utilizou-se a osteotomia femoral em cúpula em um cão que apresentava aumento do ângulo de inclinação do colo do fêmur e subluxação da articulação coxofemoral. A linha de osteotomia situou-se cerca de 1 cm distal ao trocanter menor, no sentido látero-medial. Para a imobilização utilizou-se um fio de Steinmann passando pelo trocanter maior e por toda a extensão do fêmur. Um fio de aço foi colocado em orifícios ósseos produzidos nos segmentos proximal e distal do fêmur para a realização de sutura óssea. A técnica empregada culminou em: diminuição de 35° no ângulo de inclinação, rebaixamento da cabeça do fêmur, elevação do trocanter maior, congruência da articulação e encurtamento de 3cm do membro. A consolidação ocorreu cerca de 90 dias após a cirurgia.Femoral cupola osteotomy was performed in a dog with a large femoral inclination angie and hip subluxation. Osteotomy owas performed 1 cm distal to the lesser trochanter from lateral to medial cortex. Immobilization was performed owith a Steinamnnpin drivenfrom the greater trochanter and through two boles drilled proximal and distal to the osteotomy line. The technique produced: 35° decrease on inclination angle, lowering of the femoral head, elevation of the greater trochanter, congruity of the hip and 3cm limb shortening. Consolidation occured 90 days after the surgery.

  7. A biomechanical comparison of proximal femoral nails and locking proximal anatomic femoral plates in femoral fracture fixation A study on synthetic bones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korhan Ozkan

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The proximal femoral intramedullary nail provides more stability and allows for earlier weight bearing than the locking plate when used for the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures of the femur. Clinicians should be cautious for early weight bearing with locking plate for unstable intertrochanteric femur fractures.

  8. Echocardiographic Wall Motion Abnormality in Posterior Myocardial Infarction: The Diagnostic Value of Posterior Leads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Darehzereshki

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: For the purpose of ascertaining myocardial infarction (MI and ischemia, the sensitivity of the initial 12-lead ECG is inadequate. It is risky to diagnose posterior MI using only precordial reciprocal changes, since the other leads may be more optimally positioned for the identification of electrocardiographic changes. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between electrocardiography changes and wall motion abnormalities in patients with posterior MI for earlier and better diagnosis of posterior MI.Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, we enrolled patients with posterior MI who had come to the Emergency Department of Shariati Hospital with their first episode of chest pain. A 12-lead surface electrocardiogram using posterior leads (V7-V9 was performed for all participants. Patients with ST elevation >0.05 mV or pathologic Q wave in the posterior leads, as well as those with specific changes indicating posterior MI in V1-V2, were evaluated by echocardiography in terms of wall motion abnormalities. All data were analyzed using SPSS and p<0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results: Of a total 79 patients enrolled, 48 (60.8% were men, and the mean age was 57.35±8.22 years. Smoking (54.4% and diabetes (48% were the most prevalent risk factors. In the echocardiographic evaluation, all patients had wall motion abnormalities in the left ventricle and 19 patients (24.1% had wall motion abnormalities in the right ventricle. The most frequent segment with motion abnormality among the all patients was the mid-posterior. The posterior leads showed better positive predictive value than the anterior leads for posterior wall motion abnormality.Conclusion: Electrocardiography of the posterior leads in patients with acute chest pain can help in earlier diagnosis and in time treatment of posterior MI.

  9. Posterior scleral tuberculoma: case report Tuberculoma escleral posterior: relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Fernando Chahud; Rodrigo Feldman; Patricia Mitiko Santello Akaishi

    2011-01-01

    Posterior scleral tuberculoma formation is an extremely rare condition. The few reports on scleral involvement in tuberculosis refer to cases of anterior scleritis. In the present manuscript we describe a patient who had rheumatoid arthritis and developed a large posterior scleral tuberculoma. The lesion provoked retinal detachment and visual loss and was diagnosed only after enucleation due to a misdiagnosis of choroidal melanoma.A formação de granuloma tuberculoso na esclera posterior é um ...

  10. Surgical anatomy of the initial segment of the lateral circumflex femoral artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalovi? Nenad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The lateral circumflex femoral artery usually originates from the lateral side of the initial part of the deep femoral artery, or less frequently from the femoral artery. If it is a branch of the femoral artery, it arises directly above the point of origin of the deep femoral artery. The aim of this study was to determine the origin of the lateral circumflex femoral artery, its origin distance from the midpoint of the inguinal ligament and the topographical relations of the origin, which have a great significance in clinical work. Material and Methods. A dissection was performed on the autopsy group of 42 thighs, followed by the analysis of anatomical relationships of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. All data were entered into the custom-made protocol, which contained the case number, age and sex, side, topographical- anatomical relations of the lateral circumflex femoral artery, artery dimensions and variations, and the distance between the place of origin of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and the midpoint of the inguinal ligament. Results. In our study, the lateral circumflex femoral artery most frequently originated from the deep femoral artery, i.e. in 78.6% of cases. In 19.0% of limbs, it originated from the femoral artery, and in one case (2.4% from a common stem of the deep femoral artery and the lateral circumflex femoral artery, coming from the femoral artery. Conclusion. In clinical practice, it is of great importance to know the origin variations of the lateral circumflex femoral artery while planning and performing various surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures in the inguino-femoral region.

  11. Analysis of Femoral Components of Cemented Total Hip- Arthroplasty

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Shantanu

    2014-01-01

    In cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA), material chosen for femoral stem and cross section of stem itself, proved to be critical parameters for, stress distribution in the femoral components, interfacial stresses and micro movements. Titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V), when used as a material for femoral stem, recorded large displacement as compared to Chromium alloy (CoCrMo) stems. This large displacement in case of Ti6Al4V caused the stem to bend inside the cement mantle, thus destroying it. Thus, CoCrMo proved to be a better in cemented THA. Failure in THA may occur at cement-stem or cement-bone interface, thus interfacial stresses and micro movements were analysed in the present study. Comparison between trapezium and circular cross section showed that, femoral stem with trapezium cross section underwent lesser amount of sliding and debonding, at both interfaces, as compared to circular cross section. Moreover, trapezium cross section also generated lower peak stresses in femoral stem and cortical femur. The pres...

  12. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head in HIV infected patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Almeida Matos

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Avascular necrosis (AVN of the femoral head is an emerging complication in HIV infected patients. It has been suggested that the increased incidence of AVN in this population may be caused by an increased prevalence of predisposing factors for osteonecrosis, including protease inhibitors, hyperlipidemia, corticosteroid use, alcohol and intravenous drug abuse. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors for avascular necrosis developing in the femoral head of HIV infected individuals. This study consisted of meta-analysis of the secondary data extracted from current literature. The selected articles allowed two study groups to be drawn up for comparison. Group 1 comprised 324 individuals infected by the HIV virus, who did not present femoral head AVN. Group 2 comprised 32 HIV positive patients, who presented femoral head AVN. The parameters used for analysis were as follows: age, gender, sexual preference, use of intravenous drugs, time of diagnosis, CD4+ cell count, use of antiretroviral agents and duration, serum cholesterol and serum triglycerides. The present study found a statistically significant association between hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, sexual preference and intravenous drug abuse. The authors concluded that femoral head osteonecrosis is associated with hyperlipidemia (hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia and intravenous drug abuse. This study supports the hypothesis that protease inhibitors play a role in the development of osteonecrosis through a tendency to cause hyperlipidemia.

  13. Microsurgical anatomy of the posterior circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai Balaji

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The microsurgical anatomy of the posterior circulation is very complex and variable. Surgical approaches to this area are considered risky due to the presence of the various important blood vessels and neural structures. Aims: To document the microsurgical anatomy of the posterior circulation along with variations in the Indian population. Materials and Methods: The authors studied 25 cadaveric brain specimens. Microsurgical dissection was carried out from the vertebral arteries to the basilar artery and its branches, the basilar artery bifurcation, posterior cerebral artery and its various branches. Measurements of the outer diameters of the vertebral artery, basilar artery and posterior cerebral artery and their lengths were taken. Results: The mean diameter of the vertebral artery was 3.4 mm on the left and 2.9 mm on the right. The diameter of the basilar artery varied from 3-7 mm (mean of 4.3 mm. The length varied from 24-35 mm (mean of 24.9 mm. The basilar artery gave off paramedian and circumferential perforating arteries. The origin of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA varied from 0-21 mm (mean 10.0 mm from the vertebrobasilar junction. The diameter of the AICA varied from being hypoplastic i.e., < 0.5 mm to 2 mm (mean 1.0 mm. The superior cerebellar artery (SCA arises very close to the basilar bifurcation, in our series (1-3 mm from the basilar artery bifurcation. The diameter of the SCA varied from 0.5-2.5 mm on both sides. The posterior cerebral artery (PCA is divided into four segments. The PCA gave rise to perforators (thalamoperforators, thalamogeniculate arteries, circumflex arteries and peduncular arteries, medial posterior choroidal artery, lateral posterior choroidal artery and cortical branches. In 39 specimens the P1 segment was found to be larger than the posterior communicating artery, in six specimens it was found to be equal to the diameter of the posterior communicating artery and in five specimens it was found to be smaller than the posterior communicating artery diameter (fetal circulation. Conclusions: The authors have documented the various anomalies as well as the differences of the anatomy in this area in the Indian population as compared to the Western literature.

  14. Abordagem simplificada do nervo ciático por via posterior, no ponto médio do sulco glúteo-femoral, com uso de neuroestimulador Abordaje simplificado del nervio ciático por vía posterior, en el punto medio del sulco glúteo-femoral, con uso de neuroestimulador Simplified sciatic nerve approach by the posterior route at the median gluteus-femoral sulcus region, with a neurostimulator

    OpenAIRE

    Neuber Martins Fonseca; Fernando Xavier Ferreira; Roberto Araújo Ruzi; Gulherme Carnaval Souza Pereira

    2002-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O bloqueio do nervo ciático pode ser realizado por várias abordagens com vantagens e desvantagens. O nervo ciático é o maior nervo do corpo humano em diâmetro e comprimento. É a continuação do fascículo superior do plexo sacral (L4, L5, S1, S2 e S3). Sai da pelve através do forâmen isquiático maior, passando por baixo do músculo piriforme, desce entre o trocânter maior do fêmur e a tuberosidade isquiática, e ao longo do dorso da coxa, anterior aos músculos bíceps fe...

  15. Version of Femoral Neck: A Cadaveric Dried Bone Study / Versión del Cuello Femoral: Estudio Cadavérico sobre Huesos Secos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kimaporn, Khamanarong; Wiphawi, Hipkaeo; Piyawan, Chatuparisute; Surachai, Sae-Jung; Kaewjai, Tepsutamarat.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue medir el cuello femoral en fémures humanos de tailandeses adultos. La versión del cuello femoral es muy variable. Es importante conocer la versión de cuello femoral en una población en particular para llevar a cabo con éxito una cirugía reconstructiva. Se utilizaron 216 fémures secos [...] de adultos tailandeses obtenidos de la colección del Departamento de Anatomía de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Khon Kaen, Tailandia. La anteversión femoral (AFM) media+DE fue de 16,21±5,24. El intervalo de confianza del 95% de la AFM fue entre 15,48 a 16,94. El promedio de intervalos de confianza del 95% en hombres y mujeres fue desde 14,75 a 16,90 y 15,59 a 17,59, respectivamente. No hubo diferencia significativa entre hombres y mujeres en ambos grupos de anteversión y retroversión. La AFM promedio en hombres no mostró diferencia significativa con la anteversión media de las mujeres. Se observó un promedio de -8,22 a -4,80 y -7,71 a -4,47 en el 95% de los intervalos de confianza entre hombres y mujeres, respectivamente. La retroversión promedio en hombres no mostró ninguna diferencia significativa con la retroversión media en las mujeres. Estos grados de AFM deben ser considerados en la planificación de una cirugía reconstructiva del cuello femoral. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to measure the version of femoral neck on dried Thai human femora. The version of femoral neck varies widely. It is important to know the version of femoral neck in a particular population to undertake successful femoral neck reconstructive surgery. Paired 216 dried femora [...] of adult Thais from the bone collection maintained in the Department of Anatomy at the Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Thailand, were used to measure the version of femoral neck. The mean+SD femoral anteversion (FNA) was 16.21+5.24 degrees. The 95% confidence interval of FNA was from 15.48 to 16.94 degrees. The 95% confidence intervals of male and female average FNA were 14.75 to 16.90 and 15.59 to 17.59 degrees respectively. There was no significance difference of the FNA between males and females in both anteversion and retroversion groups. The average male FNA showed no statistical difference to average female anteversion. The 95% confidence intervals of males and females average retroversion were -8.22 to -4.80 and -7.71 to -4.47 degrees respectively. The average male retroversion showed no statistical difference to average female retroversion. The overall 95% confidence interval of femoral neck anteversion and retroversion were 15.48 to 16.94 degrees and -7.33 to -5.27 with no significant difference between males and females. These degrees of FNA must be considered when the femoral neck reconstructive surgery is planned.

  16. Distribution of the X-ray density, compressive and tensile breaking strength in the human femoral shaft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    105 cross sections of 21 femora (13 male, 8 female) were examined with respect to X-ray density, compressive and tensile breaking strength. On X-ray photographs of each specimen, the density measurements were obtained with photographic equidenses in 4 sites: anterior, medial, posterior and lateral. Then the compressive and tensile breaking strength were determined on 817 standardized samples from the same sites.The results show, that the X-ray density, compressive and tensile breaking strength respectively represent characteristic features of their distributions, and that these three factors are correlated with one another. From these facts it is derived, that the resultant force in the femoral shaft may be within the cross section of femur, and that the functional adaptation of the bone on its mechanical stress is reached by several factors of bone materials at the same time. (author)

  17. 21 CFR 888.3570 - Knee joint femoral (hemi-knee) metallic uncemented prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Knee joint femoral (hemi-knee) metallic uncemented prosthesis. 888.3570...ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 888.3570 Knee joint femoral (hemi-knee) metallic...

  18. Trans-tibial guide wire placement for femoral tunnel in single bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skand Sinha

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The free hand trans-tibial creation of the femoral tunnel leads to satisfactory coronal obliquity, but it is difficult to recreate anatomic femoral tunnel by this method as the tunnel is consistently anterior in the sagittal plane.

  19. Stress fracture of the femoral neck in a child (stress fracture)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Femoral neck stress fracture is extremely rare in childhood. We report a case of femoral neck stress fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Differentials diagnosis and a brief review of the literature follow. (orig.)

  20. 21 CFR 888.3400 - Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip) metallic resurfacing prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES... § 888.3400 Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip...portion of the hip joint. This generic type of device includes...

  1. 21 CFR 888.3360 - Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip) metallic cemented or uncemented prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ORTHOPEDIC DEVICES... § 888.3360 Hip joint femoral (hemi-hip...portion of the hip joint. This generic type of device includes...

  2. Is the femoral head dead or alive before surgery of slipped capital femoral epiphysis? Interest of perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edouard, Chambenois; Raphaël, Vialle; Hubert, Ducou Le Pointe

    2014-01-01

    Background The most common complication of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. Surgical treatments including reduction of the femoral head are considered as a risk factor for avascular necrosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) into the surgical decision-making sequence. Methods Eighteen children with 19 slipped capital femoral epiphysis were retrospectively included. SFCE was unstable in nine cases and stable in ten cases. The slip angle was higher than 60° in 14 cases. Perfusion MRI with dynamic gadolinium-enhanced subtraction sequences were done in all the cases before and after surgical treatment. Results On nineteen hips, eight were devascularized before surgery. All were unstable. After surgery, six on eight had a complete revascularization, one had a focal necrosis and one remained devascularized. A postoperative devascularization with normal preoperative MRI was noted once. On nineteen hips, a total of three avascular necrosis occurred. Conclusion Perfusion MRI is useful to assess preoperative and postoperative vascular status in SFCE. Preoperative devascularization could improve or stay equal after surgical treatment. Persistent devascularization could be responsible for avascular necrosis of the femoral head. PMID:25983464

  3. Management of femoral bone loss in revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sculco, Peter K; Abdel, Matthew P; Lewallen, David G

    2015-09-01

    Femoral bone loss is frequently encountered during revision total hip arthroplasty. The quality and quantity of remaining bone helps determine the best method for reconstruction. Extensively porous-coated cylindrical stems or titanium fluted tapered devices that achieve fixation in the diaphysis have both demonstrated excellent long-term survivorship. Titanium fluted tapered stems with a modular proximal body allow for more accurate leg length, offset, and version adjustments independent of the distal stem which may optimise hip biomechanics. Intraoperative fractures are more common with cylindrical stems and subsidence with tapered stems, particularly monoblock designs and in both dislocation continues to be one of the most common postoperative complications. In salvage situations in which an ectatic femoral canal is unable to support an uncemented device, impaction bone grafting, allograft-prosthetic composite, or a segmental proximal femoral replacement may be required. PMID:26351121

  4. Detection of femoral artery calcification by bone scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scintigraphy with technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP) was performed in a 76-year-old male with prostatic cancer. Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy showed a linear markedly increased accumulation of radioactivity in both femoral arteries. Radiopharmaceutical uptake in femoral arteries was confirmed with a colour Doppler ultrasonography as femoral artery calcification. This increased uptake of Tc-99m MDP in the patient is strongly related to the calcium deposition. Tc-99m MDP scintigraphy depicts a wide spectrum of non-osseous disorders. Abnormal soft tissue uptake of Tc-99m MDP demostrates hormonal, neoplastic, inflammatory, ischemic, traumatic, excretory and artifactural entities. Hormonal disturbances in calcium metabolism, particularly in hyperparathyroidism, can lead to metastatic calcification and can be visualized with Tc-99m MDP scintigraphy. Mechanisms leading to increased extraosseous Tc-99m MDP uptake include extracellular fluid expansion, enhanced regional vascularity and permeability, and the presence of other metallic ions (eg, iron and magnesium) are also important (Au)

  5. Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head: Are Any Genes Involved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouya, Farzaneh; Kerachian, Mohammad Amin

    2015-07-01

    Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) is a pathologic process that results from interruption of blood supply to the femur bone resulting in the death of bone cells and collapse of the femoral head. Nontraumatic ANFH continues to be a significant challenge to orthopedic surgeons. While the exact mechanisms remain elusive, many new insights have emerged from research in the last decade that has given us a clearer picture of the pathogenesis of nontraumatic ANFH. Progression to the end stage of ANFH appears to be related to five main mechanisms: hypercoagulable conditions, angiogenesis suppressions, hyperadipogenesis, heritable states, and switching the bone remodelling into bone resorption. Researchers have been examining the pathogenic mechanisms of ANFH but none of these theories have been firmly confirmed although some appear more plausible than the others. All of these factors can switch bone remodelling into bone resorption, which can further lead to ANFH progression ending up to femoral head collapse. PMID:26213697

  6. Biomechanical analysis of a synthetic femoral spiral fracture model: Do end caps improve retrograde flexible intramedullary nail fixation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wessel Lucas M

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Elastic Stable intramedullary Nailing (ESIN of dislocated diaphyseal femur fractures has become an accepted method for the treatment in children and adolescents with open physis. Studies focused on complications of this technique showed problems regarding stability, usually in complex fracture types such as spiral fractures and in older children weighing > 40 kg. Biomechanical in vitro testing was performed to evaluate the stability of simulated spiral femoral fractures after retrograde flexible titanium intramedullary nail fixation with and without End caps. Methods Eight synthetic adolescent-size femoral bone models (Sawbones® with a medullar canal of 10 mm and a spiral fracture of 100 mm length identically sawn by the manufacturer were used for each group. Both groups underwent retrograde fixation with two 3.5 mm Titanium C-shaped nails inserted from medial and lateral entry portals. In the End Cap group the ends of the nails of the eight specimens were covered with End Caps (Synthes Company, Oberdorf, Switzerland at the distal entry. Results Beside posterior-anterior stress (4.11 Nm/mm vs. 1.78 Nm/mm, p Conclusion In this biomechanical study the use of End Caps did not improve the stability of the intramedullary flexible nail osteosynthesis.

  7. [Treatment of fractures of the mandibular condyle. Experiences at the Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery at Toulon-La-Seyne/Mer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribault, J Y; Lestage, F; Gacon, J; Vittel, P; Roubaudi, G; Pernice, L; Jeannenot, J; Laroche, D; Fourestier, J

    1997-11-01

    The fractures of the gnathic condyle are constantly increasing due to the violent impact on the chine. The functional treatment is essential for good results whereas the restitution of a functional joint, i.e. teeth that engage into one another, is satisfactory for the patient as it can also justify a possible surgical reduction in such cases when significant shifts of fragments resulting from the fractures are present. PMID:9471694

  8. Hiperplasia de cóndilo mandibular: Reporte de doce casos / Hyperplasia of the mandibular condyle: Considerations in a series of 12 patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dahiana, Pulgar B; Ignacio, Goñi E; Carmen, Reinoso D; Rolando, Schulz R; Fernando, Hormazábal N; Alex, Vargas D; Hernán, Ramírez S.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La hiperplasia condilar (HC) se define como un crecimiento patológico no neoplásico que afecta tanto al tamaño como a la morfología del cóndilo mandibular. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia y riesgos del tratamiento quirúrgico de la HC. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo, serie de caso [...] s. Se incluyó a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de HC tratados en el Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile entre enero de 2010 y febrero de 2014. Resultados: Doce pacientes fueron operados en nuestra institución por HC. El promedio de edad fue 19,3 ± 3,4 años. La forma de presentación más frecuente fue presencia de asimetría facial. Todos los pacientes fueron estudiados con SPECT que evidenció diferencia de captación mayor a 50% ± 3,1% entre ambos cóndilos. Todos los pacientes fueron tratados con condilectomía mandibular alta del lado afectado y en 3 casos, se realizó además cirugía ortognática en el mismo tiempo para corrección de maloclusión dental. La mediana de seguimiento fue de meses 16 (5 a 54 meses). En todos los pacientes se evidenció una mejora en la oclusión dental y simetría facial, con desaparición de la disfunción articular previa. Conclusiones: La HC es una entidad de poca frecuencia. La cirugía es eficaz y segura para el tratamiento de la HC. Abstract in english Introduction: Condylar hiperplasia is defined as a pathological non neoplastic growth which compromises both size and shape of the mandibular condyle and is characterized by progressive facial asymmetry. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and risks of surgical treatment of HC. Material and method: Descri [...] ptive study, cohort of cases. All patients between 2010 and February 2014 with diagnosis of condylar hyperplasia at Hospital Clínico P. Universidad Católica de Chile were included. Results: Twelve patients were operated at our institution because of condylar hyperplasia. Age average was 19.3 ± 3.4 years. The most frequent presentation was facial asymmetry. All patients were studied with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with differential intake more than 50 ± 3.1% between both condyles. All patients were treated with mandibular condylectomy of the affected site and in 3 cases orthognatic surgery was performed at the same time of the condylectomy to correct dental malocclusion. Average follow up was 16 months (5 to 54 months). All patients recovered facial symmetry and occlusion with absence of the previous joint dysfunction. Conclusions: Condylar hyperplasia is an unfrequent condition and surgery is efficient and safe for the treatment of the deformity.

  9. MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF VERTICAL GROOVE ON ANTERIOR SURFACE OF TIBIAL LATERAL CONDYLE AND ITS RELATION WITH SQUATTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narinder

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Seventy dry tibiae of adult and unknown sex were collected from the department of Anatomy Government Medical College Jammu. The region under the course of the ligamentum patellae of every tibia was carefully examined and studied for the presence or absence of a vertical groove and its characteristics like shape, length and depth were noted. In India, one of the commonest mode of sitting is squatting. Squatters are known to show certain adap tational features in the lower extremities like vertical groove on the anterior surface of lateral condyle of tibia. This groove is produced on the tibia by pressure of the tendon of quadriceps femoris (ligamentum patellae. The pressure of the tendon of q uadriceps femoris occurs due to great deal of flexion of knee joint, occuring during squatting. Squatting is one of the frequently used exercise in the field of strength and conditioning. It is also an integral component in the sport of competitive weight lifting and power lifting and regarded as a supreme test of lower body strength. (1,2 INTRODUCTION: A vertical groove is present is present on the anterior surface of tibial lateral condyle in squatters. In India most of the people have a habit of sitting down by squatting. During squatting there is excessive flexion of the knee joint which exerts a great deal of pressure on the strong tendon of quadriceps femoris (ligamentum patellae which is inserted on the tibial tuberosity. The pressure so exerted lead s to the formation of a groove on the unattached part of the ligamentum patella. This vertical groove so formed is also called as quadracipital groove. (3 It is shallow but distinct with a prominent lateral lip and extends proximally in a vertical directio n. It is inverted “J” shaped as described by Hughes and Sunderland 1946. (4 The lateral lip is prominent due to lateral angulation between femur and tibia. If the groove is absent then either the person is a non - squatter (eg Europeans or is weak and flabb y with poorly developed muscles which are unable to produce impressions on bones. This groove is of help in side determination of tibia when only a fragment of bone is available. Ther e fore it has got anthropological and medicolegal importance and so is app ropriately called as quadricipital groove. (3

  10. Biophysical stimulation in osteonecrosis of the femoral head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massari Leo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is the endpoint of a disease process that results from insufficient blood flow and bone-tissue necrosis, leading to joint instability, collapse of the femoral head, arthritis of the joint, and total hip replacement. Pain is the most frequent clinical symptom. Both bone tissue and cartilage suffer when osteonecrosis of the femoral head develops. Stimulation with pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs has been shown to be useful for enhancing bone repair and for exerting a chondroprotective effect on articular cartilage. Two Italian studies on the treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head with PEMFs were presented in this review. In the first study, 68 patients suffering from avascular necrosis of the femoral head were treated with PEMFs in combination with core decompression and autologous bone grafts. The second one is a retrospective analysis of the results of treatment with PEMFs of 76 hips in 66 patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. In both studies clinical information and diagnostic imaging were collected at the beginning of the treatment and at the time of follow up. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square test. Both authors hypothesize that the short-term effect of PEMF stimulation may be to protect the articular cartilage from the catabolic effect of inflammation and subchondral bone-marrow edema. The long-term effect of PEMF stimulation may be to promote osteogenic activity at the necrotic area and prevent trabecular fracture and subchondral bone collapse. PEMF stimulation represents an important therapeutic opportunity to resolve the Ficat stage-I or II disease or at least to delay the time until joint replacement becomes necessary.

  11. Posterior Chamber Hemorrhage during Fluorescein Angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilela, Manuel A P

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides the first reported case of acute posterior chamber hemorrhage during fluorescein angiography (FA). This is a case review with serial color photographs of the anterior segment. A 76-year-old male was referred for angiographic control of age-related macular degeneration. He was pseudophakic OU, BCVA 20/40 OU. He had mild hypertension, but not diabetes. He had had two previous angiograms without adverse effects. Difficulty was experienced in obtaining the images owing to a progressive reduction in the transparency of the media. A dense hemorrhage in the posterior chamber of the right eye was found, involving the visual axis. Thorough biomicroscopy, gonioscopy, and ultrasonic biomicroscopy showed that part of one of the haptics of the right intraocular lens (IOL) was touching and tearing the posterior face of the iris, without any visible synechiae, iris, or angle neovascularization. Anterior segment FA and posterior ultrasonography were normal. No similar case has been described in the literature involving dense progressive bleeding located in the capsular bag and posterior chamber, without any detectable triggering ocular event other than mydriasis and fluorescein injection. Contact of the iris or sulcus with part of the intraocular lens, aggravated by the intense use of mydriatics during the FA procedure, probably caused bleeding to happen. PMID:26221554

  12. Ophthalmic imaging features of posterior scleritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi Li

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To analyze, summarize and describe ophthalmic imaging features of posterior scleritis. METHODS: Clinical data of 16 patients(21 eyeswith posterior scleritis diagnosed in our hospital from October 2008 to June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The results of type-B ultrasonic, fundus chromophotograph, fundus fluorescein angiography, CT were recorded for comprehensive evaluation and analysis of ophthalmic imaging features of posterior scleritis. RESULTS: All patients underwent type-B ultrasonic examination and manifested as diffuse and nodular types. The diffuse type showed diffusely thickened sclera and a dark hypoechoic area that connected with the optic nerve to form a typical “T”-shaped sign. The nodular type showed scleral echogenic nodules and relatively regular internal structure. FFA showed that relatively weak mottled fluorescences were visible in the arterial early phase and strong multiple needle-like fluorescences were visible in the arteriovenous phase, which were then progressively larger and fused; fluorescein was leaked to the subretinal tissue in the late phase; varying degrees of strong fluorescences with less clear or unclear boundaries were visible in the optic disk. CT results showed thickened eyeball wall. CONCLUSION: Posterior scleritis is common in young female patients, whose ophthalmic imaging features are varied and more specific in type-B ultrasonic. Selection of rational ophthalmic imaging examination method, combined with clinical manifestations, can accurately diagnose posterior scleritis and avoid the incidence of missed and delayed diagnosis.

  13. Contemporary management of femoral neck fractures: the young and the old

    OpenAIRE

    Forsh, David A.; Ferguson, Tania A.

    2012-01-01

    The optimal management strategy for femoral neck fractures remains highly debated. The femoral neck is intracapsular and the vascular supply is fragile. Furthermore, the curvature of the proximal femur results in high mechanical stresses through the femoral neck. Poor outcomes of nonunion and avascular necrosis (AVN) are common. This chapter reviews the current evidence with respect to the treatment principles of femoral neck fractures in two distinct patient populations: “young” and “old.” C...

  14. No benefit of a proximal stem centralizer in cementing of a femoral prosthesis in human cadavers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petruskevicius, Juozas; Lind-Hansen, Thomas; Aleksyniene, Ramune; Nyengaard, Jens R; Nielsen, Poul T; Søballe, Kjeld

    2011-01-01

    Background and purpose A proximal stem centralizer may be beneficial regarding cementing pressures, cement penetration, and stem alignment. We measured these parameters when cementing a mat-surfaced femoral component with and without the use of a proximal stem centralizer. Material and methods 8 femoral prostheses with proximal centralizers and 8 femoral prostheses without proximal centralizers were cemented according to third-generation cementing technique in 8 pairs of embalmed cadaveric femor...

  15. Effects of the Balanced Gap Technique on Femoral Component Rotation in TKA

    OpenAIRE

    Heesterbeek, Petra J C; Jacobs, Wilco C H; Wymenga, Ate B.

    2008-01-01

    Femoral component rotation from a total knee prosthesis can be determined by either a measured resection technique or a balanced gap technique. With the balanced gap implantation technique, femoral component rotation can vary freely within the restrictions produced by soft tissue structures. Because internal rotation might cause patella problems, the effect of ligament releases on femoral component rotation in a prospective clinical study was studied. Femoral component rotation was measured i...

  16. High origin of the deep femoral artery: a case report and literature review / Origem alta da artéria femoral profunda: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vishal, Kumar; Veerannasetty Vinay, Kumar; Bukkambudhi Virupakshamurthy, Murlimanju; Natanahalli Sathyanarayana, Naveen.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Variações arteriais no triângulo femoral têm sido pouco relatadas na literatura. No presente artigo, relatou-se um caso de origem alta da artéria femoral profunda, que estava se originando pouco abaixo do ligamento inguinal. Também foi observado que a artéria femoral circunflexa originava-se diretam [...] ente da artéria femoral, ao invés de ser originada da artéria femoral profunda. Discutiu-se sobre anatomia, base embriológica e implicações clínicas dessas variações junto com uma revisão da literatura pertinente. A importância do conhecimento sobre essas variações no quadro das intervenções diagnósticas e terapêuticas é discutida. Abstract in english Arterial variations of the femoral triangle are rarely reported in the literature. In the present article, we have reported a case of high origin of the deep femoral artery, which was originating just lower to the inguinal ligament. It was also observed that the lateral circumflex femoral artery aro [...] se directly from the femoral artery instead from the deep femoral artery. We have discussed the anatomy, embryological basis, and clinical implications of these variations along with relevant literature review. The importance of knowledge about these variations in therapeutic and diagnostic interventions is discussed.

  17. Computational fluid dynamic modeling of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shu, Sang Ho; Kim, Hyoug Ho [Soongsil Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Young Ho; Lee, Jeong Sang [Seoul Nat' l Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15

    Abnormal dilations of arteries or veins are called aneurysm. There is a pseudoaneurysm which does not have the structure of arterial wall. The patient with a pseusoaneurysm should be treated as soon as possible to avoid potential dangers from it. Here, we made a model of a femoral pseudoaneurysm to study its hemodynamics, which help to develop new treatment methods that reduce a recurrence and side effects from treatments. We interpreted hemodynamics in a femoral pseudoaneurysm and found that there is continuous and repetitive pressure to the pseudoaneurysm wall and that the pressure is bigger in the 90 .deg. model than in the 45 .deg. model.

  18. Parallel manipulator robot assisted femoral fracture reduction on traction table.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, H; Wang, J Q; Han, W

    2013-01-01

    The principle of femoral shaft fracture reduction is to restore its pre-fractured limb length and mechanical axis. The current documented treatment method with traction table reduction does not conform to the quantitative alignment and reduction. There is also a great amount of X-Ray radiation exposure to both surgeon and patient during the procedure. For this reason, we introduced an innovated Parallel Manipulator Robot (PMR) application: A Femoral Shaft Fracture Reduction with Parallel Manipulator Robot on Traction Table. With this application, the quantitative control on fracture reduction and alignment can be achieved and the radiation exposure to both surgeons and patients can be greatly reduced. PMID:24110820

  19. Blood flow and microdialysis in the human femoral head

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøgehøj, Morten; Emmeluth, Claus; Overgaard, Søren

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: If it would be possible to detect lack of flow and/or the development of ischemia in bone, we might have a way of predicting whether a broken bone will heal. We established microdialysis (MD) and laser Doppler (LD) flow measurement in the human femoral head in order to be able to detect ischemia and measure changes in blood flow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 9 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty for primary osteoarthrosis, two MD catheters were inserted into the femoral head throu...

  20. Isolated intrauterine femoral fracture in an otherwise normal fetus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arioz, Dagistan Tolga; Koken, Gulengul Nadirgil; Koken, Resit; Kose, Kamil Cagri; Cevrioglu, Arif Serhan

    2008-02-01

    Multiple fractures of the long bones can be seen in the intrauterine period as a result of disorders such as skeletal dysplasias or maternal trauma, but isolated intrauterine femoral fracture is an extremely rare condition. Congenital short femur should be kept in mind, especially during the intrauterine period in the differential diagnosis. We report a case diagnosed as isolated femoral fracture in the 34th gestational week with post-partum confirmation of the diagnosis by X-rays and physical examination. PMID:18226137

  1. Modul femur prosthesis for major upper femoral bone defects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Koelner modul femur prosthesis MECROSET represents a device to be composed of standardised units. It allows the surgeon dealing with large bone defects of the upper femoral end to meet the special local requirements by building up the appropriate implant. This device may cope with bone losses of up to 22 cms, measured down from the tip of the major trochanter. Combination with ordinary cups is possible. Indications proven are upper femoral defects following disease, exchange of prosthesis and trauma. The ten patients thus provided did not show any complications during a 2-year period of observation. Long-term results are still to be awaited. (orig.)

  2. Optimization of a Cemented Femoral Prosthesis Considering Bone Remodeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis Corso, Leandro; de Freitas Spinelli, Leandro; Schnaid, Fernando; Dossin Zanrosso, Crisley; José Marczak, Rogério

    2016-01-01

    The study presents a numerical methodology for minimizing the bone loss in human femur submitted to total hip replacement (THR) procedure with focus on cemented femoral stem. Three-dimensional computational models were used to describe the femoral bone behavior. An optimization procedure using the genetic algorithm (GA) method was applied in order to minimize the bone loss, considering the geometry and the material of the prosthesis as well as the design of the stem. Internal and external bone remodeling were analyzed numerically. The numerical method proposed here showed that the bone mass loss could be reduced by 24%, changing the design parameters. PMID:26540616

  3. Experiences in total knee arthtroplasty after distal femoral varus osteotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Bianca Röschke; Alexander Schuh; Wolfgang Hönle

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: There is only little information available about total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFVO). The aim of our study was to show our experiences and mid-term results of TKA after a previous DFVO. Material and method: In a retrospective study we identified 36 consecutive patients who had undergone TKA after a previous distal femoral varus osteotomy. The average duration of follow-up after the TKA was 8.2 years (min: 5.0, max: 9.2). X-rays were take...

  4. Incidence of posterior capsule opacification in eyes with and without posterior chamber intraocular lenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishi, O

    1986-09-01

    The incidence of posterior capsule opacification after extracapsular cataract extraction was significantly lower in eyes implanted with posterior chamber intraocular lenses than in nonimplanted eyes. The number of loops fixated in the bag was significantly smaller in the eyes that became opacified than in those that did not. These findings suggest that the posterior chamber lens suppresses the two processes that lead to opacification: the development of a ring-shaped opacity at the site of contact between the anterior capsule rim and the posterior capsule and the migration of lens epithelial cells toward the center of the capsule. These suppressive effects were greater when the posterior chamber lens was fixated in the bag. PMID:3772787

  5. Pars plana vitrectomy with posterior iris claw implantation for posteriorly dislocated nucleus and intraocular lens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishor B Patil

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the safety and efficacy of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV with primary posterior iris claw intraocular lens (IOL implantation in cases of posterior dislocation of nucleus and IOL without capsular support. This was a retrospective interventional case series. Fifteen eyes underwent PPV with primary posterior iris claw IOL implantation performed by a single vitreoretinal surgeon. The main outcome measures were changes in best corrected visual acuity and anterior and posterior segment complications. A total of 15 eyes were included in this study. Eight had nucleus drop, three had IOL drop during cataract surgery and four had traumatic posterior dislocation of lens. The final postoperative best corrected visual acuity was 20/60 or better in 11 patients. This procedure is a viable option in achieving good functional visual acuity in eyes without capsular support.

  6. Posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome in poststretococcal acute glomerulonephritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy (LEPR) is a clinical entity that affects radiation usually the white matter of the cerebral hemispheres. It is frequently associated with acute arterial hypertension and immunosuppressive therapy, among other causes. The clinical presentation is varied, with headache, nausea, vomiting, impaired consciousness and abnormal behavior, seizures and visual disturbances, symptoms that often regress. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images show white matter edema predominantly in posterior regions of the brain. We present a 10 year old boy with leprosy in the course of a nephrotic syndrome secondary to acute diffuse glomerunefritis (GNDA) poststreptococcal. (author)

  7. Posterior urethral valves with vesical calculus: A rare association

    OpenAIRE

    Acharya Himanshu; Dhende N; Mane S; Obaidah Abu

    2009-01-01

    Posterior urethral valve and vesical calculus are individually among the most common causes of obstructive lower urinary complaints in children. There are very few reports of association between posterior urethral valves and bladder calculus. We report three such cases. This association of the vesical calculi with posterior urethral valves may lead to a delay in the diagnosis of the posterior urethral valves. The diagnosis of posterior urethral valves should be suspected in all children with ...

  8. Drifting Diaphyses: Asymmetry in Diametric Growth and Adaptation Along the Humeral and Femoral Length.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggiano, Isabel S; Maggiano, Corey M; Tiesler, Vera G; Chi-Keb, Julio R; Stout, Sam D

    2015-10-01

    This study quantifies regional histomorphological variation along the human humeral and femoral diaphysis in order to gain information on diaphyseal growth and modeling drift patterns. Three thin sections at 40, 50, and 60% bone length were prepared from a modern Mexican skeletal sample with known age and sex to give a longitudinal perspective on the drifting cortex (12 adults and juveniles total, 7 male and 5 female). Point-count techniques were applied across eight cross-sectional regions of interest using the starburst sampling pattern to quantify percent periosteal and endosteal primary lamellar bone at each diaphyseal level. The results of this study show a posterio-medial drift pattern in the humerus with a posterior rotational trend along the diaphysis. In the femur, we observed a consistent lateral to anteriolateral drift and an increase in primary lamellar bone area of both, periosteal and endosteal origin, towards the distal part of the diaphysis. These observations characterize drifting diaphyses in greater detail, raising important questions about how to resolve microscopic and macroscopic cross-sectional analysis towards a more complete understanding of bone growth and mechanical adaptation. Accounting for modeling drift has the potential to positively impact age and physical activity estimation, and explain some of the significant regional variation in bone histomorphology seen within (and between) bone cross-sections due to differing ages of tissue formation. More study is necessary, however, to discern between possible drift scenarios and characterize populational variation. Anat Rec, 298:1689-1699, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26224448

  9. Postmortem angiography using femoral cannulation and postmortem microbiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmiere, Cristian; Egger, Coraline; Grabherr, Silke; Jaton-Ogay, Katia; Greub, Gilbert

    2015-07-01

    Despite the undeniable advantages of postmortem angiography, numerous questions have arisen concerning the influence that the injected contrast media may exercise on biological fluids and tissues collected for toxicological and biochemical investigations. Moreover, cardiac blood for microbiological investigations cannot be obtained post-angiography. In this study, we examined whether the peripheral blood collected prior to postmortem angiography, using percutaneous access to femoral vessels after skin surface disinfection, could be suitable for microbiological investigations when postmortem angiography with femoral vessel cannulation is also performed. A total of 66 cases were included in the study and were divided into two subgroups (angiography and bacteriology group, 33 cases and control group, 33 cases). Autopsies, histology, toxicology, bacteriology, and biochemical investigations (procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and soluble triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells type 1) were performed in all cases. No statistically significant differences between the two groups were noted, and identified category distribution (death unrelated to infection, true infection, false positive, and undetermined) was rather similar in both studied populations. These preliminary results suggest that postmortem angiography using a femoral approach does not constitute an impediment to the collection of peripheral blood for microbiology and vice versa. Moreover, the use of femoral blood for microbiology does not lead to an increased risk of doubtful results. PMID:25381195

  10. MPR realignment increases accuracy when measuring femoral neck anteversion angle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Tommy Hemmert; Torfing, Trine

    2013-01-01

    To compare two methods of measuring femoral neck anteversion angle (FNA): A 2D method used at Odense University Hospital until 2010, and a method labeled 3D-OUH. The latter method makes corrections to compensate for errors introduced by the individual placement of patients in the CT scanner.

  11. Scaling in Theropod Dinosaurs: Femoral Bone Strength and Locomotion II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Scott

    2015-01-01

    In the second paper of this series, the effect of transverse femoral stresses due to locomotion in theropod dinosaurs of different sizes was examined for the case of an unchanging leg geometry. Students are invariably thrilled to learn about theropod dinosaurs, and this activity applies the concepts of torque and stress to the issue of theropod…

  12. Application of monorail fixator for femoral gap nonunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Hemendra-Kumar; Jaiman, Ashish; Khatkar, Vipin; Sharma, Vinod-Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Difficult femoral nonunion takes account of infective nonunion and aseptic gap nonunion. Limb length discrepancy and nonunion need to be tackled simultaneously. Conventionally Ilizarov ring fixator is in vogue but it has some limitations. To overcome these, monorail fixator is an effective alternative. Persistent good results can be obtained if we can get a perfect anatomical alignment and good regeneration. PMID:25098853

  13. Blood transfusion requirement in surgery for femoral artery aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levi, N; Schroeder, T V

    1997-01-01

    Audit of blood usage in various surgical specialities have shown that over-ordering of blood is widespread, causing unnecessary pressure on the transfusion facilities and giving growing concern over the expense of cross-matching blood. The aim of this study was to assess the blood transfusion requirement in patients undergoing surgery for femoral artery aneurysms.

  14. MR imaging findings of the femoral marrow in myelodysplastic syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Osamu; Takagi, Shojiro; Matsuura, Katsuhiko; Ichikawa, Tamaki; Kobayashi, Yasuyuki; Nagai, Jun [Jichi Medical School, Minamikawachi, Tochigi (Japan)

    1995-10-01

    MR imaging of the femoral marrow was performed in 30 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 11 cases of which evolved to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The MRI appearance was classified into five patterns: fatty marrow; faint signal; nodular pattern; heterogeneous infiltration; and diffuse infiltration. For each type of MDS, MRI patterns of the femoral marrow were evaluated and compared with those in normal subjects as well as in patients with aplastic anemia. Signal intensity alteration, a low signal on T1-weighted SE image and a high signal on STIR image, began in the proximal femoral marrow almost symmetrically in patients with MDS. The area of abnormal signal intensity tended to gradually extend towards the distal portion of the femur as the disease progressed. MRI patterns of the femoral marrow correlated with marrow cellularity, and diffuse marrow infiltration was noted in patients with a more advanced type of MDS or with severe anemia. There were limitations to making an accurate diagnosis of the MDS type on the basis of the MRI pattern. Progression of the MRI appearance in the course of MDS was thought to be a sign suggesting evolution to AML. It was difficult to differentiate hypoplastic MDS from aplastic anemia, although the nodular pattern was commonly seen in the latter disease. (author).

  15. Isolated femoral hypoplasia: an intrauterine differential diagnosis to campomelia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The isolated form of femoral bowing is an important differential diagnosis of campomelia. Therefore, knowledge of isolated anomalies is fundamental for prenatal diagnosis, especially for the differential diagnosis from severe syndromes. Four cases are presented to discuss the differential diagnosis of femoral bowing including a review of the literature. We report four newborn babies with unilateral bowing and shortening of the femur. Three had no further anomaly; one child had additional abnormalities due to coumarin embryopathy. The radiological findings were shortened femora with bowing and varus deformity and cortical thickening on the concave side. All other parts showed normal bone structure. The aetiology of femoral bowing is unknown. Early damage of the cartilaginous model followed by remodelling with thickening on the concave side of the bone similar to the healing of malaligned fractures is suspected. The isolated form of femoral bowing without any other anomalies has to be differentiated from complex and more often severe congenital syndromes such as campomelia. Postpartum radiological examination should be reduced to a single exposure of the affected limb and follow-up should be done by clinical examination. (orig.)

  16. Loosening of the femoral component after unicompartmental knee replacement.

    OpenAIRE

    Monk, AP; Keys, GW; Murray, DW

    2009-01-01

    We describe a technique for the diagnosis of loosening of the femoral component of the Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Replacement using accurately aligned lateral radiographs in extension and flexion. If gaps are present between the component and cement on one radiograph and not on the other, the component is loose.

  17. Retained portion of latex glove during femoral nailing. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadat-Ali, M; Marwah, S; al-Habdan, I

    1996-11-01

    A case of retained glove during Kuntscher intramedullary nailing is described. An abscess around the glove could have lead to osteomyelitis. One need to be cautious feeling the top end of the nail while femoral nailing to avoid such a complication. PMID:9141352

  18. Management of a femoral fracture complicated by clostridial myositis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A clinical case of clostridial myositis secondary to a comminuted femoral fracture is described. This case is unusual because, despite the severe degree of obvious muscle necrosis and gas production, the dog had minimal signs of systemic toxicity. Union of the fracture was achieved but six months postoperatively muscular contracture had resulted in permanent stifle extension

  19. Spontaneous Superficial Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in Behcet's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sendil, Selin; Sayin, Omer Ali; Barburoglu, Mehmet; Gok, Emre; Turkyilmaz, Gulsum; Basaran, Murat; Alpagut, Ufuk; Dayioglu, Enver

    2014-01-01

    Behcet's disease is an autoimmune multisystemic disorder on vasculitis base. Cardiovascular involvement is the most important predictor of morbidity and mortality. The treatment should be planned carefully for pathologies requiring interventions. In our report, we present a 45-year-old patient with spontaneous superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm, our treatment strategy, and circumstances we faced. PMID:24822070

  20. Spontaneous Superficial Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in Behcet's Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Murat Ugurlucan; Selin Sendil; Omer Ali Sayin; Mehmet Barburoglu; Emre Gok; Gulsum Turkyilmaz; Murat Basaran; Ufuk Alpagut; Enver Dayioglu

    2014-01-01

    Behcet's disease is an autoimmune multisystemic disorder on vasculitis base. Cardiovascular involvement is the most important predictor of morbidity and mortality. The treatment should be planned carefully for pathologies requiring interventions. In our report, we present a 45-year-old patient with spontaneous superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm, our treatment strategy, and circumstances we faced.

  1. Study of the anatomical position of the femoral nerve by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with fractured neck of femur: relevance to femoral nerve block.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mehmood, Shehzad

    2012-01-31

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the anatomical location of the femoral nerve in patients who have sustained fracture of the neck of femur, and its relevance to femoral nerve block technique. DESIGN: Prospective, observational clinical study. SETTING: Orthopedic and Radiology departments of a regional hospital. SUBJECTS: 10 consecutive adult ASA physical status II and III patients (mean age, 78.5 yrs) and 4 adult healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: A T1 magnetic resonance imaging scan was performed of both upper thighs in patients and healthy volunteers successfully. MEASUREMENTS: The distance (mm) between the midpoint of the femoral artery and the midpoint of the femoral nerve, and the distance of the femoral nerve from the skin was measured at the mid-inguinal ligament, the pubic tubercle, and at the mid-inguinal crease. Data are shown as means (SD). Differences between both sides were compared using paired Student\\'s t-tests. P < 0.05 was significant. MAIN RESULTS: In patients the mean distance (mm) between the midpoint of the femoral nerve from the midpoint of femoral artery at the mid-inguinal crease on the fractured and non-fractured sides was 10.7 and 11.0, respectively (P = 0.87). The mean distance (mm) between the midpoint of the femoral nerve from the midpoint of the femoral artery at the mid-inguinal ligament on the fractured and non-fractured sides was 9.64 and 12.5, respectively (P = 0.03). The mean distance (mm) between the midpoint of the femoral nerve from the midpoint of the femoral artery at the pubic tubercle on the fractured and non-fractured sides was 8.74 and 10.49, respectively (P = 0.18). CONCLUSIONS: Blockade of the femoral nerve may be easier to perform at the mid-inguinal crease in patients with fractured neck of femur.

  2. Posterior arch defects of the cervical spine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spondylolysis and absence of the pedicle are congenital anomalies of the posterior cervical spine. Their roentgenographic changes may be confused with other more serious entities which may necessitate either emergent therapy or require extensive diagnostic testing and treatment. Four cases are present and the literature is reviewed. A hypothesis for the embryologic etiology of these entities is proposed. (orig.)

  3. Posterior instability caused by batter's shoulder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Richard W; Mahony, Gregory T; Harris, Thomas C; Dines, Joshua S

    2013-10-01

    In summary, batter’s shoulder is a rare and only recently recognized entity. This condition is posterior shoulder instability caused by a missed attempt at hitting a pitch, especially with an outside pitch. The lack of counterforce from hitting a ball produces increased forces imparted on the posterior capsulolabral complex of the lead shoulder during batting. If the player fails conservative management, she or he can undergo an arthroscopic posterior labral repair instead of debridement. After treatment, the player can expect to return to play after approximately 6 to 7 months. Initial results from a small, retrospective series demonstrate greater than 90% excellent results. These findings are similar to current literature for arthroscopic treatment of posterior instability, which reports success rates that range from 75% to 91%. Longer-term follow-up will be needed to determine the natural history and prognosis or batter’s shoulder. Based on initial results, the authors predict good to excellent results for most players with batter’s shoulder who undergo proper treatment. Additionally, with the exception of switch hitters, the nonthrowing arm is affected. This can also improve the athlete’s return to play. PMID:24079435

  4. CT findings of posterior pararenal effusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The posterior pararenal space(PPS) is a potential space between the posterior renal fascia and the transversalis fascia. We reviewed 12 cases of posterior pararenal effusion. The causes of the effusion were retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to trauma(7 cases) or rupture of renal tumor(1 case), pancreatitis(2 cases), urinoma (1 case) and amebic colitis of the cecum(1 case). The CT findings of the effusion were semilunar fluid density in the dependant portion of the PPS(9/12), partial obliteration of the PPS extending to the flank stripe(2/12), and total obliteration of the PPS extending to the anterior abdominal wall(1/12). The effusion in the ipsilateral perirenal space and thickening of the ipsilateral posterior renal fascia were combined in all cases. The effusion in the ipsilateral anterior pararenal space was associated in 11 cases of 12. The effusion in the PPS is not uncommon findings of retroperitoneal hemorrhage or effusion, but usually related with perirenal or anterior pararenal effusion with no clinical significance

  5. MRI as a reliable and accurate method for assessment of posterior hip dislocation in children and adolescents without the risk of radiation exposure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Posterior hip dislocation in children and adolescents may involve the non-ossified posterior acetabular wall. Plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) have been shown to underestimate injury to the unossified acetabulum as well as associated soft-tissue structures. The purpose of this study was to describe findings on radiographs, CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after posterior hip dislocation in a series of adolescents and to report the intraoperative findings, which are considered the gold standard. Measurements of the posterior wall length using MRI and CT scans were also performed. After institutional review board approval, 40 patients who sustained a traumatic posterior dislocation of the hip between September 2007 and April 2014 were identified. Inclusion criteria were (1) age younger than 16 years old and (2) availability of MRI obtained following closed reduction of the hip. Eight male patients and one female patient with an average age of 13.2 years (range: 10.1-16.2 years) underwent hip MRI following posterior dislocation. Seven of the nine patients also underwent evaluation by CT. Plain radiographs, CT scans and MRI were evaluated in all patients by a single pediatric radiologist blinded to surgical findings for joint space asymmetry, posterior wall fracture, femoral head fracture, labrum tear, complete or partial ligamentum teres rupture and presence of intra-articular fragments. Six patients underwent surgical treatment and the intraoperative findings were compared with the imaging findings. CT identified all bone injuries but underestimated the involvement of posterior wall fractures. Assessment of the posterior wall size and fracture displacement was possible with MRI. All surgically confirmed soft-tissue injuries, including avulsion of the posterior labrum, were identified preoperatively on MRI. The measurement of posterior wall length was not statistically different using CT and MRI. Intraoperative pathological findings at the time of open surgical treatment were universally recognized on MRI but not on CT scans. MRI should be considered for evaluation of the hip following closed reduction for the treatment of a posterior dislocation in children and adolescents as it reliably allows assessment of intra-articular pathology without the risk of radiation exposure. (orig.)

  6. [Treatment of ilio-femoral venous thromboses with surgical thrombectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juhan, C; Miltgen, G; Barthélémy, P; Ayuso, D

    1991-04-01

    Surgical thrombectomy which has been commonly performed in the past is now abandoned by most teams. Nevertheless some surgeons have gone on performing venous thrombectomies with good results. We have performed venous thrombectomy in 91 acute ilio-femoral vein thrombosis associated with inferior vena cava or superficial vein involvement in respectively 35% and 86% of the cases. The mean estimated age of the clot was 5 days. Ilio-femoral thrombectomy was carried out under general anesthesia using a Fogarty catheter introduced through a common femoral venotomy and the removal of the distal clots by mean of massages maneuver. In case of vena cava involvement, direct caval venotomy was carried out by a right sub-costal approach. A temporary arterio-venous fistula in the groin was associated in 89% and a partial interruption of the vena cava in 55% of the cases. No operative death and no peri-operative pulmonary embolism were observed. Post-operative ilio-femoral vein patency rate was 85% without recurrence after closure of the arterio-venous fistula. A venous thrombectomy in selected cases appears to be more efficient than intra-venous heparin or thrombolytic therapy. Indications of venous thrombectomy are ilio-femoral or ilio-caval vein thrombosis of less than 7 days duration. Patients who are non ambulatory or with limited life expectancy are not likely to benefit from surgery. Venous thrombectomy is not recommended in patients with inflammatory or tumoral pelvic or retroperitoneal lesions, coagulopathies, peripheral arterial or significant heart diseases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1933480

  7. Analysis of Femoral Components of Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Shantanu; Harsha, A. P.

    2015-10-01

    There have been continuous on-going revisions in design of prosthesis in Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) to improve the endurance of hip replacement. In the present work, Finite Element Analysis was performed on cemented THA with CoCrMo trapezoidal, CoCrMo circular, Ti6Al4V trapezoidal and Ti6Al4V circular stem. It was observed that cross section and material of femoral stem proved to be critical parameters for stress distribution in femoral components, distribution of interfacial stress and micro movements. In the first part of analysis, designs were investigated for micro movements and stress developed, for different stem materials. Later part of the analysis focused on investigations with respect to different stem cross sections. Femoral stem made of Titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) resulted in larger debonding of stem at cement-stem interface and increased stress within the cement mantle in contrast to chromium alloy (CoCrMo) stem. Thus, CoCrMo proved to be a better choice for cemented THA. Comparison between CoCrMo femoral stem of trapezium and circular cross section showed that trapezoidal stem experiences lesser sliding and debonding at interfaces than circular cross section stem. Also, trapezium cross section generated lower peak stress in femoral stem and cortical femur. In present study, femur head with diameter of 36 mm was considered for the analysis in order to avoid dislocation of the stem. Also, metallic femur head was coupled with cross linked polyethylene liner as it experiences negligible wear compared to conventional polyethylene liner and unlike metallic liner it is non carcinogenic.

  8. Current concepts on osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moya-Angeler, Joaquin; Gianakos, Arianna L; Villa, Jordan C; Ni, Amelia; Lane, Joseph M

    2015-09-18

    It is estimated that 20000 to 30000 new patients are diagnosed with osteonecrosis annually accounting for approximately 10% of the 250000 total hip arthroplasties done annually in the United States. The lack of level 1 evidence in the literature makes it difficult to identify optimal treatment protocols to manage patients with pre-collapse avascular necrosis of the femoral head, and early intervention prior to collapse is critical to successful outcomes in joint preserving procedures. There have been a variety of traumatic and atraumatic factors that have been identified as risk factors for osteonecrosis, but the etiology and pathogenesis still remains unclear. Current osteonecrosis diagnosis is dependent upon plain anteroposterior and frog-leg lateral radiographs of the hip, followed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Generally, the first radiographic changes seen by radiograph will be cystic and sclerotic changes in the femoral head. Although the diagnosis may be made by radiograph, plain radiographs are generally insufficient for early diagnosis, therefore MRI is considered the most accurate benchmark. Treatment options include pharmacologic agents such as bisphosphonates and statins, biophysical treatments, as well as joint-preserving and joint-replacing surgeries. the surgical treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head can be divided into two major branches: femoral head sparing procedures (FHSP) and femoral head replacement procedures (FHRP). In general, FHSP are indicated at pre-collapse stages with minimal symptoms whereas FHRP are preferred at post-collapse symptomatic stages. It is difficult to know whether any treatment modality changes the natural history of core decompression since the true natural history of core decompression has not been delineated. PMID:26396935

  9. Treatment of trochanteric femoral fractures with double dynamic internal fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubovi? Zoran

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Trochanteric fractures are extracapsular fractures of the proximal femur. The increasing number of trochanteric fractures is a great sociomedical problem. These fractures usually occur in elderly people (older than 65 years with osteoporosis. Lateral and frontal falls are the most frequent cause of trochanteric fractures in the elderly. The aim of this paper is to present our results of applying the Mitkovi? selfdynamisable internal fixator (SIF. Material and methods: From January 2001 to December 2005, 238 patients with trochanteric femoral fractures were treated operatively using the Mitkovi? selfdynamisable internal fixator at the Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology in Niš. The average patient age was 69,11 years (range 17 to 88. In the analyzed group there were 152 (64% female and 86 (36% male patients, whereas patients in the eighth 101 (43% and seventh 65 (27% decade of life prevailed. Results: Excellent results in the treatment of trochanteric femoral fractures with a Mitkovi? dynamic internal fixator were achieved in 143 (60% patients, good in 49 (21% patients, poor in 41 (17% and unsatisfactory in 5 (2% patients. Discussion and conclusion: The treatment of trochanteric fractures may be operative and nonoperative. The aim of the operative treatment, considered to be the "gold standard" for these fractures, is to restore the patient's pretraumatic activity level and to reduce life-threatening complications. The operative stabilization is performed using various types of implants. Surgical treatment by using dynamic implants is a method of choice in the treatment of trochanteric fractures. Internal fixation using the Mitkovi? selfdynamisable internal fixator is a method of choice in the treatment of trochanteric femoral fractures, providing dynamization and compression of the fracture site in two axes (axis of the femoral neck and femoral diaphyseal axis and balanced biomehancal 3D.

  10. MULTICENTRIC GIANT CELL TUMOR OF IPSILATERAL ACETABULUM AND FEMORAL HEAD WITH PATHOLOGICAL FRACTURE OF FEMORAL NECK: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayant

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Multicentric Giant Cell Tumor is extremely rare; here we are presenting a case of pathological neck femur fracture in case of multicentric giant cell tumor involving ipsilateral acetabulum along with femoral head and neck. CASE PRESENTATION: 24 years old male presented with pain in groin region and inability to walk after he fell down while walking. He had pain in left groin on weight bearing for last six months. Radiological examination shows pathological trans - cervical femoral neck fracture with sub - articular lytic lesion in femoral head and neck suggestive of Giant cell tumor. MRI has been done to define the extent of involvement and to rule out soft tissue infiltration. Fine needle aspiration cytology which was done through anterior route was inconclusive. After review of literature, patient has been planned for excisional biopsy and un - cemented total hip arthroplasty. Intra - operatively, frozen section confirms the giant cell tumor and surprisingly acetabulum was found to be involved which was curetted and hydrogen - peroxide treated. Post - operatively, patient was pain - free with good range of movements at hip. CONCLUSION: Giant cell tumor involving femoral head and neck with pathological fracture though uncommon, but may present as multicentric with acetabular involvement.

  11. Hypertensive posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome causing posterior fossa edema and hydrocephalus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossbach, Andrew J; Abel, Taylor J; Hodis, Brendan; Wassef, Shafik N; Greenlee, Jeremy D W

    2014-02-01

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a well characterized entity resulting from the inability of cerebral autoregulation to adequately protect the brain from uncontrolled hypertension. It primarily affects the occipital lobes, but can also involve the structures in the posterior fossa including the brainstem and cerebellum. Treatment usually consists of strict blood pressure control, but more aggressive management may be indicated with acutely worsening neurological status. We present a patient with hypertensive encephalopathy that resulted in hydrocephalus and brainstem compression necessitating surgical decompression requiring ventriculostomy and suboccipital craniectomy. In rare cases, PRES can present with severe brainstem compression requiring emergent posterior fossa decompression. When brainstem signs are present on exam, emergent posterior fossa decompression may be safer than ventriculostomy alone. PMID:24126039

  12. Mordida cruzada posterior: uma classificação mais didática / Posterior crossbite: a more didactic classification

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arno, Locks; André, Weissheimer; Daltro Enéas, Ritter; Gerson Luiz Ulema, Ribeiro; Luciane Macedo de, Menezes; Carla D’Agostini, Derech; Roberto, Rocha.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma nova classificação de mordida cruzada posterior, sendo esta mais didática e de fácil entendimento, diferindo das demais em sua nomenclatura, preservando, no entanto, os princípios fundamentais que regem a Ortodontia. Essa classificação torna o processo de d [...] iagnóstico da mordida cruzada posterior sistematizado, tornando-o mais preciso, auxiliando o clínico na elaboração de um plano de tratamento adequado e, como conseqüência, levando a um prognóstico mais favorável dessa má oclusão. Abstract in english The aim of this work is to present a new posterior crossbite classification, being this more didactic and of easy understanding, differing from the others in your nomenclature, preserving, however, the basic principles that govern the Orthodontics. This new classification makes the posterior crossbi [...] te diagnosis process systematized and accurate, assisting the clinician in the elaboration of a suitable treatment plan and as consequence, leading to more favorable prognostic of this malocclusion.

  13. Posterior scleral tuberculoma: case report / Tuberculoma escleral posterior: relato de caso

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Antonio Augusto Velasco e, Cruz; Fernando, Chahud; Rodrigo, Feldman; Patricia Mitiko Santello, Akaishi.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A formação de granuloma tuberculoso na esclera posterior é um evento extremamente raro. Os poucos relatos de acometimento escleral na tuberculose referem-se a casos de esclerite anterior. No presente trabalho é descrito um caso de granuloma escleral posterior em um paciente portador de artrite reuma [...] tóide. A lesão provocou descolamento da retina e perda visual e só foi diagnosticada após enucleação por suspeita de melanoma de coróide. Abstract in english Posterior scleral tuberculoma formation is an extremely rare condition. The few reports on scleral involvement in tuberculosis refer to cases of anterior scleritis. In the present manuscript we describe a patient who had rheumatoid arthritis and developed a large posterior scleral tuberculoma. The l [...] esion provoked retinal detachment and visual loss and was diagnosed only after enucleation due to a misdiagnosis of choroidal melanoma.

  14. Femoral head allograft disinfection system using moderate heat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The employment of a reliable thermal viral inactivation process, which minimally manipulates tissues, for surgically retrieved femoral head allografts addresses the increased concerns with virus transmissibility while minimizing the loss of biological properties. The newest European and German surgical bone banking guidelines have incorporated the use of independently validated then-nal viral inactivation methods in place of repeat serological testing of donor. Our investigations have shown that heat treatment at 80 degree C for a minimum of 10 minutes provides safe, good quality cancellous bone allografts and increases the cost-effectiveness and simplicity of managing a hospital frozen femoral head bone bank. Human femoral head centers were contaminated with different vegetative bacterial and viral suspensions. A core temperature of 80 degree C for 10 minutes was sufficient to fully inactivate 3 x 106 ml Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis, and >5 loglo steps of cytomeglia (herpes group), polio (enterovirus), and yellow fever (arbovirus) viruses. A one hour treatment in a water bath set at 80 degree sufficient to fully inactivate E. coli, proteus vulgaris, and Pseudomonas aerog. vegetative suspensions; 20 minutes was sufficient to fully inactivate the D antigen (rhesus factor) but had no effect on A or B antigens. Several biomechanical and biological properties of bone following a one hour treatment in a water bath set at 80 degree C were investigated. Employing compression and tension tests, 80 degree C treated human and porcine cancellous bone blocks showed reductions in properties ranging from 8-19% compared to untreated control groups. Osteointegration at 3 months following treatment of explanted and then reimplanted autograft rat diaphyseal segment was 15% less than untreated controls. Subsequently, a thermal disinfection system for femoral heads from living donors (Lobator Marburg Bone Bank System, Telos GmbH, Hungen, Germany) was developed. A minimum of 80 degree C is reached for a minimum of 10 minutes in the femoral head center, with a peak temperature of 87 degree C. Three highly relevant viruses were tested at independent research centers using the Lobator sd-1: HIV- 1, BVDV (specific model virus for HCV), and CPV (specific model virus for parvovirus B1 9 and thermal model virus for HBV). The reduction steps (log10) were: HIV:>8.5+/-0.3, BVDV: >5.21+/-0.25, CPV.>5.87+/-0.29. The kinetics of inactivation curves for all three viruses indicated that the disinfection process was robust and effective; no viruses were detectable after 62 minutes of the 94 minutes process. A microbiological study performed on 2,458 consecutive femoral head allografts found a primary contamination rate of 9% for femoral heads recovered under intra-operative conditions. After processing with the disinfection system bacterial retesting of these same heads revealed a contamination rate of 0.12%; these secondary post-processing contaminations were due to the lab technical leaming curve. Since 1993, orthopaedic and trauma departments in more than 300 hospitals in Europe and Asia are using the Lobator Marburg Bone Bank System for in-house processing of their surgical femoral head allografts. More than 35,000 femoral heads have been processed. A prospective clinical trial is in progress at the Marburg University Hospital trauma center (Germany). Preliminary one year results on 211 patients indicate that the complication rate is not higher than those reported in the literature using untreated cryopreserved cancellous bone allografts

  15. The posterior sagittal trans-sphincteric approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong A.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The posterior sagittal, transphincteric approach to treat different pelvic problems has been known since last century. Although some surgeons have embraced it and have enthusiastically advocated it s use, it has never become an overly popular technique. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the approach, both from an historical perspective and from the authors experience. The international literature on the subject was reviewed since 1877 up to the present date. A retrospective evaluation of the authors experience was conducted, and the results reviewed. Specific attention was paid to the final result obtained in the treatment of the original condition, surgical complications and the effect of the surgical approach on bowel and urinary control. The experiential review included 114 cases. They were divided into two groups. A included 85 patients who underwent a posterior sagittal transphincteric approach that included 49 cases of Hirschsprung s disease (primary 21, secondary 28, 15 presacral masses; 10 rectaltumors; 7 acquired rectogenito- urinary fistulae; and 4 cases of idiopathic rectal prolapse. Group B included 29 patients who underwent a posterior sagittal trans-anorectal approach, in which theanterior wall of the rectum and the sphincter was divided as well.. This group included 12 cases of urogenital sinuses; 8 acquired urethral stricture or atresia after trauma; and 9 posterior urethralmasses. Post-operative bowel control was normal all cases except in those patients whose basiccondition had resulted in fecal incontinence, or who had sustained an irreversible injury prior tothe operation. Urinary control was normal except in cases with pre-operative incontinence. Complications included recurrence ofrecto-genitourinary fistulae in 3 cases, recto-cutaneous fistula in 3 Hirschsprung s patients and 2 partial wound dehisences. The posterior sagittal trans-sphincteric approach represents a useful technical alternative. It seems to be particularly useful to treat complications after surgery for Hirschsprung s disease, pre-sacral masses, acquired recto-genito-urinary fistula and idiopathic rectal prolapse. Thetransanorectal approach provides excellent exposure to the posterior urethra and vagina. Boweland urinary control are not compromised.

  16. A Cadaveric Study of Bilateral Configuration of Posterior Bifurcation of Posterior Communicating Artery in Indian Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Anubha; Mandal, Shyamash

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Various studies have been done regarding variations of circle of Willis, but few literatures are available about the detail configurations on Indian population. Posterior communicating artery is the main collateral channel between the vertebrobasilar and carotid system. It may act as a main source of blood flow via posterior cerebral artery if fetal configuration is present. Aim of the study is to see the bilateral configurations to compare the blood supply of both cerebral hemispheres via posterior cerebral artery in human cadavers. Materials and Methods: Fifty six formalin fixed brains were used for study. The specimens were classified into 3 types and 21 subtypes according to the configuration of the vessel of both hemispheres. As hemodynamic balance is dependent on the calibre of the vessel, the diameter of the arteries were also taken into consideration. Pearson’s correlation had been done. Result: In present study type I is 57.2%, type II is 37.5% and type III is 5.4%. Incidence of unilateral fetal type posterior cerebral artery is in high percentage (33.9%). Greatest diameter of posterior communicating artery is 3.8mm on right and 3.6mm on left side. Significant correlations also have been found between arterial segments of different types. Conclusion: It is expected that the study will help to enrich the knowledge about the arterial predominance of origin of posterior cerebral artery of both cerebral hemispheres in normal or variant cases and its effect on perfusion images. PMID:25954608

  17. Optimal Feedback Communication via Posterior Matching

    CERN Document Server

    Shayevitz, Ofer

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a fundamental principle for optimal communication over general memoryless channels in the presence of noiseless feedback, termed \\textit{posterior matching}. Using this principle, we devise a (simple, sequential) generic feedback transmission scheme suitable for a large class of memoryless channels and input distributions, achieving any rate below the corresponding mutual information. This provides a unified framework for optimal feedback communication in which the Horstein scheme (BSC) and the Schalkwijk-Kailath scheme (AWGN channel) are special cases. Thus, as a corollary, we prove that the Horstein scheme indeed attains the BSC capacity, settling a longstanding conjecture. We further provide closed form expressions for the error probability of the scheme over a range of rates, and derive the achievable rates in a mismatch setting where the scheme is designed according to the wrong channel model. Finally, several illustrative examples of the posterior matching scheme for specific ...

  18. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosti? Dejan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES is characterized by the following symptoms: seizures, impaired consciousness and/or vision, vomiting, nausea, and focal neurological signs. Diagnostic imaging includes examination by magnetic resonance (MR and computed tomography (CT, where brain edema is visualized bi-laterally and symmetrically, predominantly posteriorly, parietally, and occipitally. Case report. We presented a 73-year-old patient with the years-long medical history of hipertension and renal insufficiency, who developed PRES with the symptomatology of the rear cranium. CT and MR verified changes in the white matter involving all lobes on both sides of the brain. After a two-week treatment (antihypertensive, hypolipemic and rehydration therapy clinical improvement with no complications occurred, with complete resolution of changes in the white matter observed on CT and MR. Conclusion. PRES is a reversible syndrome in which the symptoms withdraw after several days to several weeks if early diagnosis is made and appropriate treatment started without delay.

  19. Posterior midline cervical fetal cystic hygroma.

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    Oak S

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available Posterior midline cervical cystic hygromas (PMC are frequently found associated with chromosomal aberrations and usually do not survive. The present report illustrates diagnosis of this condition by sonography in an 18 weeks old fetus and an amniocentesis revealed 45 x0 karyotype and increased concentration of alpha-fetoproteins. Pregnancy was terminated in view of Turner?s syndrome. The etiology and natural history of the condition is reviewed.

  20. Paediatric intrasubstance posterior cruciate ligament rupture

    OpenAIRE

    Scott, Chloe EH; Murray, Alastair W

    2011-01-01

    The authors present the case of a 4-year-old boy who sustained an intrasubstance posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear whist trampolining. He was managed non-operatively with return to full function by 8 months. A high index of suspicion is required when assessing paediatric hyperflexion/extension injuries at the knee as ligamentous injury may occur without osteochondral fracture and may be missed on routine radiographs. Early MRI can identify such injuries in addition to osteochondral avuls...

  1. Optimal Feedback Communication via Posterior Matching

    OpenAIRE

    Shayevitz, Ofer; feder, Meir

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a fundamental principle for optimal communication over general memoryless channels in the presence of noiseless feedback, termed posterior matching. Using this principle, we devise a (simple, sequential) generic feedback transmission scheme suitable for a large class of memoryless channels and input distributions, achieving any rate below the corresponding mutual information. This provides a unified framework for optimal feedback communication in w...

  2. Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome Induced by Pazopanib

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background The reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is a clinical/radiological syndrome characterized by headache, seizures, impaired vision, acute hypertension, and typical magnetic resonance imaging findings. There are several reports in the literature that depict its occurrence in cancer patients. The list of common anticancer and supportive care drugs that predispose to reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is expanding and includes not only a large number of chemotherapeutic agents but also an increased number of new targeted drugs, particularly angiogenesis inhibitors such as bevacizumab,sorefenib and sunitinib. Pazopanib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and c-Kit which after a positive phase III randomized clinical trial in patients with advanced renal cell cancer received FDA approval for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Until now no cases of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome induced by pazopanib have been reported. Case report We present the case of a 40 years old female patient with heavily pre-treated metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received pazopanib as salvage treatment. After 21 days of pazopanib therapy the patient referred to the emergency department with epileptic seizure, impaired vision at both eyes and headache. MRI of the brain revealed subcortical oedema at the occipital and parietal lobes bilaterally. She was treated with anticonvulsants, i.v. administration of mannitol and antihypertensives and she recovered completely from her symptoms and was discharged on the tenth hospital day. A brain MRI performed 3 weeks after showed that the subcortical oedema had been subsided. Conclusion In conclusion this is the first case of pazopanib induced reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. Although usually reversible, this syndrome is a serious and potentially life threatening adverse effect, if untreated, that should be considered by physicians treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients with pazopanib. PMID:23088634

  3. Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome Induced by Pazopanib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chelis Leonidas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is a clinical/radiological syndrome characterized by headache, seizures, impaired vision, acute hypertension, and typical magnetic resonance imaging findings. There are several reports in the literature that depict its occurrence in cancer patients. The list of common anticancer and supportive care drugs that predispose to reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is expanding and includes not only a large number of chemotherapeutic agents but also an increased number of new targeted drugs, particularly angiogenesis inhibitors such as bevacizumab,sorefenib and sunitinib. Pazopanib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and c-Kit which after a positive phase III randomized clinical trial in patients with advanced renal cell cancer received FDA approval for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Until now no cases of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome induced by pazopanib have been reported. Case report We present the case of a 40 years old female patient with heavily pre-treated metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received pazopanib as salvage treatment. After 21 days of pazopanib therapy the patient referred to the emergency department with epileptic seizure, impaired vision at both eyes and headache. MRI of the brain revealed subcortical oedema at the occipital and parietal lobes bilaterally. She was treated with anticonvulsants, i.v. administration of mannitol and antihypertensives and she recovered completely from her symptoms and was discharged on the tenth hospital day. A brain MRI performed 3 weeks after showed that the subcortical oedema had been subsided. Conclusion In conclusion this is the first case of pazopanib induced reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. Although usually reversible, this syndrome is a serious and potentially life threatening adverse effect, if untreated, that should be considered by physicians treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients with pazopanib.

  4. Reversible Posterior Encephalopathy Syndrome Secondary to Sunitinib

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Costa; Rubens Costa; Renata Costa; Gilberto Moura de Brito Junior; Henrique Queiroz Cartaxo; Alex Caetano de Barros

    2014-01-01

    Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is clinical radiologic condition associated with neurological symptoms and cerebral white matter edema. It has been associated with uncontrolled hypertension, eclampsia, immunosuppressants, and more recently the use of antiangiogenic drugs. Sunitinib is an inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor widely used in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We report a rare case of RPLS occurring on therapy ...

  5. Primary posterior perineal herniation of urinary bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurumboor Prakash

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary perineal hernia is a rare clinical condition wherein herniation of viscera occurs through pelvic diaphragm. They are usually mistaken for sciatic hernia, rectal prolapse or other diseases in the perineum. Correct identification of the type of hernia by imaging is crucial for planning treatment. We present a case of primary posterior herniation of urinary bladder and rectal wall through levator ani repaired laparoscopically using a mesh repair.

  6. Posterior sternoclavicular dislocation: an American football injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marker, L B; Klareskov, B

    1996-01-01

    Posterior dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is uncommon, accounting for less than 0.1% of all dislocations. Since 1824 a little more than 100 cases have been reported, and the majority in the past 20 years. A review of published reports suggests that this injury is seen particularly in connection with American football. A typical case is described. The importance of this injury is that there is often a delay in diagnosis with potentially serious complications.

  7. Cyclosporine-related reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy: MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three patients aged 48, 11 and 40 years, two of whom were recent recipients of renal transplants and one of a bone marrow transplant, developed seizures, with cortical blindness in two cases. All were immunosuppressed with cyclosporine and were hypertensive at the onset of symptoms. MRI showed predominantly posterior signal changes in all three cases. The abnormalities were more conspicuous on fast FLAIR images than on conventional T2-weighted spin-echo images. (orig.). With 4 figs

  8. Visuomotor functions of the posterior parietal cortex.

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, SR; Husain, M

    2006-01-01

    In this special issue of Neuropsychologia leading experts in the field discuss controversies and advances in the role of the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) in visuomotor control. The papers are wide-ranging in their scope, covering monkey physiology and anatomy, functional imaging in humans and monkeys as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation and lesion studies in humans. The collection provides an important overview of the current state-of the-art in this area of research, including dis...

  9. Taponamiento cardiaco posterior a intervención coronaria percutánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Carvajal Valdy

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La perforación coronaria es una rara complicación de la intervención coronaria percutánea, pero puede desencadenar un taponamiento cardiaco potencialmente letal. Esta complicación ha sido reportada en 0,1 - 3,0 % de los procedimientos. Este reporte describe un caso de hemopericardio y taponamiento cardiaco posterior a una intervención percutánea en un paciente anticoagulado con warfarina y con síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del segmento ST. Una rápida intervención aseguró una excelente evolución clínica del paciente.

  10. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy after combination chemotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honkaniemi, J.; Latvala, M.; Hietaharju, A.; Ollikainen, J.; Vaehaemaeki, L.; Frey, H. [Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, Univ. of Tampere (Finland); Kaehaerae, V.; Dastidar, P. [Department of Radiology, Univ. of Tampere (Finland); Salonen, T. [Department of Internal Medicine, Univ. of Tampere (Finland); Keskinen, L.; Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, P. [Department of Oncology, Univ. of Tampere (Finland)

    2000-12-01

    We describe a young woman with Burkitt's lymphoma, treated with intravenous adriamycine and cyclophosphamide and intrathecal cytarabine. She developed a reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) with typical MRI findings. Diffusion-weighted images during the first days after the onset of symptoms predicted a small irreversible lesion in the frontal lobe, verified on T2-weighted images 1 month later. The patient showed full recovery after high-dose steroid treatment. (orig.)

  11. CT of posterior ocular staphyloma in axial myopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present two cases of posterior ocular staphylomas in axial myopia. CT findings of an enlarged globe with focal posterior bulging and scleraluveal rim thinning appear to be specific for this diagnosis. (orig.)

  12. CT of posterior ocular staphyloma in axial myopia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swayne, L.C.; Garfinkle, W.B.; Bennett, R.H.

    1984-05-01

    We present two cases of posterior ocular staphylomas in axial myopia. CT findings of an enlarged globe with focal posterior bulging and scleraluveal rim thinning appear to be specific for this diagnosis.

  13. Indocyanine green angiography in posterior uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupesh V Agrawal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Literature review for indocyanine green angiography and evaluate the role of indocyanine green angiogram (ICGA in patients with posterior uveitis seen at a tertiary referral eye care centre. Detailed review of the literature on ICGA was performed. Retrospective review of medical records of patients with posterior uveitis and dual fundus and ICGA was done after institutional board approval. Eighteen patients (26 eyes had serpiginous choroiditis out of which 12 patients had active choroiditis and six patients had healed choroiditis, six patients (12 eyes had ampiginous choroiditis, six patients (12 eyes had acute multifocal posterior placoid pigment epitheliopathy, eight patients (10 eyes had multifocal choroiditis, four patients (eight eyes had presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, four patients (eight eyes had presumed tuberculous choroiditis, two patients (four eyes had multiple evanescent white dot syndrome and two patients (four eyes had Vogt Koyanagi Harada (VKH syndrome. The most characteristic feature noted on ICGA was the presence of different patterns of hypofluorescent dark spots, which were present at different stages of the angiogram. ICGA provides the clinician with a powerful adjunctive tool in choroidal inflammatory disorders. It is not meant to replace already proven modalities such as the fluorescein angiography, but it can provide additional information that is useful in establishing a more definitive diagnosis in inflammatory chorioretinal diseases associated with multiple spots. It still needs to be determined if ICGA can prove to be a follow up parameter to evaluate disease progression.

  14. SINDROME DE COLAPSO DE MORDIDA POSTERIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Alejandra Baldión

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Colapso de Mordida posterior es una patología oclusal que se presenta como consecuencia de problemas dentales, periodontales y oclusales, que exige la correcta evaluación de los signos y síntomas que lo caracterizan.  El objetivo del artículo es describir la manera como evoluciona la enfermedad, la evaluación multidisciplinaria para obtener un diagnóstico preciso y la secuencia de tratamiento integral, revisando los conceptos para un mejor entendimiento del tratamiento periodontal y restaurativo que requieren los pacientes con síndrome de colapso de mordida posterior; caracterizado por procesos patológicos como enfermedad periodontal, caries dental con subsecuente alteración de la integridad del arco dentario que genera perdida de soporte posterior conllevando a un trauma oclusal secundario y disminución de la dimensión vertical oclusal. El control del proceso inflamatorio y la estabilización periodontal son puntos de partida indispensables en el tratamiento integral del paciente. La migración patológica de los dientes y las alteraciones del plano oclusal pueden exigir la corrección ortodóntica de los arcos y en algunos casos el concurso de cirugía oral para la nivelación del plano oclusal. La secuencia organizada del tratamiento por fases permite la restauración predecible de los pacientes con este síndrome, tomando en cuenta las diferentes alternativas protésicas tanto removibles como fijas con o sin implantes de oseointegración, para el éxito integral a largo plazo.

  15. Posterior subtalar joint synoviography and corticosteroid injection in rheumatoid arthritis.

    OpenAIRE

    Beaudet, F; Dixon, A.S.

    1981-01-01

    Ten posterior subtalar joints of 8 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and 12 posterior subtalar joints of 6 cadavers were studied by contrast synoviography. In the rheumatoid group the abnormalities included posterior capsule distension, filling defects caused by hypertrophic synovitis, limited or irregular filling of the anterior recess of the joint in 5 out of 10, and communication with the ankle joint in 3 out of 10. None of the cadaveric joints showed posterior capsule distension or limit...

  16. Falso Aneurisma Femoral Iatrogénico: Ainda uma indicação para a Cirurgia Convencional? / Iatrogenic femoral pseudoaneurysm: still an indication for conventional surgery?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nelson, Oliveira; Emanuel, Dias; Lisa, Borges; Lima, Ricardo; Fernando, Oliveira; Isabel, Cássio.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Os Falsos Aneurismas (FA) são uma das complicações mais frequentemente associadas à punção femoral diagnóstica e de intervenção cardíaca. A sua abordagem terapêutica tem evoluído no sentido da preponderância das técnicas não invasivas sendo a Cirurgia Convencional cada vez menos frequent [...] emente praticada. Objectivos: Os autores propõem a propósito de um caso clínico, e através de uma revisão da literatura discutir a abordagem terapêutica dos FA e as indicações da Cirurgia Convencional. Caso clínico: Doente de sessenta e um anos, sexo masculino, com antecedentes de hipertensão arterial, doença coronária com enfarte agudo do miocárdio prévio, miocardiopatia dilatada, fibrilhação auricular paroxística sendo portador de cardiodesfibrilhador. Foi submetido a cateterismo cardíaco por via femoral direita para ablação do Feixe de His, tendo sido referenciado ao Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular por desenvolvimento progressivo de massa pulsátil dolorosa acompanhada de hipostesia da face anterior da coxa. A Angiodinografia confirmou a presença de falso aneurisma da artéria femoral profunda direita com 3cm de maior diâmetro e a presença de uma fístula entre a artéria e a veia femorais superficiais direitas. Por abordagem cirúrgica aberta, foi realizada a exclusão do falso aneurisma e rafia da artéria e veia femorais superficiais. Conclusão: A abordagem de primeira linha dos falsos aneurismas iatrogénicos pós cateterismo cardíaco é não invasiva mas a Cirurgia Convencional detém ainda um lugar primordial para um grupo restrito de doentes. Abstract in english Introduction: Pseudoaneurysms (PAN) are one of the most common complications of cardiac catheterization. Treatment has evolved towards a less invasive approach, reducing the number of Open repairs. Objectives: The authors propose to discuss the contemporary management of PAN and the remaining indica [...] tions for Conventional Surgical Repair based upon a case report. Case Report: Sixty-one year old Caucasian male, with personal history of Hypertension, previous myocardial infarct, dilated myocardiopathy, paroxistic auricular fibrillation, with an implanted cardiodefibrillator, was submitted to His Bundle ablation by right femoral catheterization. He was referred because of the presence of a painful pulsating mass at the catheterization site. A color-Doppler confirmed the diagnosis of Pseudoaneurysm of the right Deep Femoral Artery with 3cm of diameter and the presence of an Arteriovenous Fistula between the superficial femoral vessels. The patient was treated in a Classic fashion, with exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm and repair of the superficial artery and vein. Conclusion: First-line treatment for PAN remains non-invasive but Open Surgical repair is still an important alternative in the management of a restrict group of patients.

  17. Subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head after liver transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwasaki, Kenyu; Yamamoto, Takuaki; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Mawatari, Taro; Motomura, Goro; Ikemura, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Yukihide [Kyushu University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2009-09-15

    A 53-year-old woman developed a subchondral insufficiency fracture of the right femoral head after undergoing a liver transplantation. Radiographs obtained at her first visit demonstrated a slight subchondral collapse in the superolateral portion of the femoral head. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disclosed an irregular, discontinuous, low-intensity band on the T1-weighted image. After 7 months of conservative treatment, the hip pain and the radiograph abnormalities had both disappeared. On the follow-up T1-weighted MR image obtained 17 months after the onset, the band of low signal intensity was not obvious. A subchondral insufficiency fracture is one of the diagnoses to be considered in patients presenting with hip pain after a liver transplantation. (orig.)

  18. [Traumatic displacement of the upper femoral epiphysis (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catier, P; Bracq, H; Lebret, H; Allouis, M; Babut, J M

    1981-01-01

    Three cases of traumatic displacement of the upper femoral epiphysis in young children are presented. The authors emphasized that these lesions are very rare (about fifty cases in the literature) and that the incidence of major complications including avascular necrosis of the proximal fragment, coxa magna and premature epiphyseal fusion is very high. However, an early orthopedic management including soft reduction with X-ray control and fixation by percutaneous kirschner pinning give the best chance for these complications not to occur. Two of the three described in this paper can be considered as a good result after a course of four years. The third case including traumatic separation through the epiphyseal plate with dislocation of the hip and fracture of the femoral head needed a surgical ablation with poor result. PMID:7249232

  19. Quality of life in old patients with proximal femoral fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T A Raskina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study quality of life in Kemerovo old patients with proximal femoral fractures. Patients and methods. Quality of life in osteoporotic fractures was analyzed in 219 patients (173 women and 46 men who had sustained the injury in January 2004 to December 2008. Results. In the patients with hip fractures, the lowest (41.94+31.16 scores values were recorded by the physical functioning scale reflecting the degree to which their health limited the performance of physical exercises (self-service, walking, going upstairs, weight carriage, etc.. The role functioning and life activity scales showed the highest values (50.96+19.04 and 51.44+26.51 scores, respectively. The mean value of the physical component scale was 46.42+28.26 scores. That of the psychological component scale was 49.56+19.55 scores. Conclusion. The patients with proximal femoral fractures were found to have lower scores on all SF-36 dimensions.

  20. Confronting hip resurfacing and big femoral head replacement gait analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotis K. Karampinas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Improved hip kinematics and bone preservation have been reported after resurfacing total hip replacement (THRS. On the other hand, hip kinematics with standard total hip replacement (THR is optimized with large diameter femoral heads (BFH-THR. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional outcomes of THRS and BFH-THR and correlate these results to bone preservation or the large femoral heads. Thirty-one patients were included in the study. Gait speed, postural balance, proprioception and overall performance. Our results demonstrated a non-statistically significant improvement in gait, postural balance and proprioception in the THRS confronting to BFH-THR group. THRS provide identical outcomes to traditional BFH-THR. The THRS choice as bone preserving procedure in younger patients is still to be evaluated.

  1. A case of a femoral neck tumor: painless osteroid osteoma?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sestan,Branko

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available

    We report herein a unique, previously unreported, successful outcome for a patient untreated for a tumor affecting a femoral neck considered as painless osteoid osteoma. The lesion was detected by chance at examination for groin injury. Diagnosis was based on the plain radiography, bone scan, and computed tomography. The results of the full blood examination were normal. Neither pharmacomedical nor surgical treatments were given. Two years later, radiological resolution of the lesion was revealed. The patient was observed between 1995 and 2002. We conclude that painless osteoid osteoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of asymptomatic femoral neck lesions. Our case suggests that osteoid osteoma has a tendency to regress over time and that conservative management appears to be a reliable option.

  2. Osteotomia femoral em cúpula para correção do ângulo de inclinação do colo do fémur Femoral cupola osteotomy for correction of femoral neck inclination angle

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo lamaguti; Ana Paula Inoe; Renato Linhares Sampaio; Vânia Maria Vasconcelos Machado; Mariângela Lozano Cruz

    1996-01-01

    Utilizou-se a osteotomia femoral em cúpula em um cão que apresentava aumento do ângulo de inclinação do colo do fêmur e subluxação da articulação coxofemoral. A linha de osteotomia situou-se cerca de 1 cm distal ao trocanter menor, no sentido látero-medial. Para a imobilização utilizou-se um fio de Steinmann passando pelo trocanter maior e por toda a extensão do fêmur. Um fio de aço foi colocado em orifícios ósseos produzidos nos segmentos proximal e distal do fêmur para a realização de sutur...

  3. Proximal Femoral Reconstructions with Bone Impaction Grafting and Metal Mesh

    OpenAIRE

    Buttaro, Martín A.; Comba, Fernando; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    Extensive circumferential proximal cortical bone loss is considered by some a contraindication for impaction bone grafting in the femur. We asked whether reconstruction with a circumferential metal mesh, impacted bone allografts, and a cemented stem would lead to acceptable survival in these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 14 patients (15 hips) with severe proximal femoral bone defects (average, 12 cm long; 14 type IV and one type IIIB using the classification of Della Valle and Paprosk...

  4. Exercise reduces angiotensin II responses in rat femoral veins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chies, Agnaldo Bruno; Rossignoli, Patrícia de Souza; Baptista, Rafaela de Fátima Ferreira; de Lábio, Roger William; Payão, Spencer Luiz Marques

    2013-06-01

    The control of blood flow during exercise involves different mechanisms, one of which is the activation of the renin-angiotensin system, which contributes to exercise-induced blood flow redistribution. Moreover, although angiotensin II (Ang II) is considered a potent venoconstrictor agonist, little is known about its effects on the venous bed during exercise. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the Ang II responses in the femoral vein taken from sedentary and trained rats at rest or subjected to a single bout of exercise immediately before organ bath experiments. Isolated preparations of femoral veins taken from resting-sedentary, exercised-sedentary, resting-trained and exercised-trained animals were studied in an organ bath. In parallel, the mRNA expression of prepro-endothelin-1 (ppET-1), as well as the ETA and ETB receptors, was quantified by real-time PCR in this tissue. The results show that, in the presence of L-NAME, Ang II responses in resting-sedentary animals were higher compared to the other groups. However, this difference disappeared after co-treatment with indomethacin, BQ-123 or BQ-788. Moreover, exercise reduced ppET-1 mRNA expression. These reductions in mRNA expression were more evident in resting-trained animals. In conclusion, either acute or repeated exercise adapts the rat femoral veins, thereby reducing the Ang II responses. This adaptation is masked by the action of locally produced nitric oxide and involves, at least partially, the ETB- mediated release of vasodilator prostanoids. Reductions in endothelin-1 production may also be involved in these exercise-induced modifications of Ang II responses in the femoral vein. PMID:23528515

  5. Subchondral stress fracture of femoral head in a healthy adult

    OpenAIRE

    Anand Ashish; RaviRaj A; Kodikal Gautam

    2010-01-01

    Subchondral fracture of the femoral head is an uncommon entity and usually occurs as an insufficiency fracture associated with poor bone quality or as a fatigue fracture in young military recruits. This condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute hip pain in young patients along with transient osteoporosis and avascular necrosis of the hip. We report a case of acute onset hip pain in an asymptomatic healthy adult in which the diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance ...

  6. Titanium elastic nailing in pediatric femoral diaphyseal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Roop

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The need for operative fixation of pediatric femoral fractures is increasingly being recognised in the present decade. The conventional traction and casting method for management of pediatric femoral fractures is giving way for the operative stabilisation of the fracture. Methods : Thirty five pediatric patients in age group 6-14 years with diaphyseal femoral fractures were stabilised with two titanium nails. Patients were followed up clinically and radiologically for two years. The final results were evaluated using the criteria of Flynn et al. Technical problems and complications associated with the procedure were also analysed. Results : Overall results observed were excellent in 25, satisfactory in 8 and poor in 2 patients. Hospital time averaged 12.30 days in the series. All the fractures healed with an average time to union of 9.6 (6-14.4 weeks. Return to school was early with an average of 7.8 weeks. The soft tissue discomfort near the knee produced by the nails ends was the most common problem encountered. Shortening was observed in three cases and restriction of knee flexion in 5 patients. There was no delayed union, infection or refractures. Per operative technical problems included failure of closed reduction in 2 cases and cork screwing of nails in one case. Conclusion : We believe that with proper operative technique and aftercare TENs may prove to be an ideal implant for pediatric femoral fracture fixation. The most of the complication associated with the procedure are infact features of inexact technique and can be eliminated by strictly adhering to the basic principles and technical aspects.

  7. Proximal femoral fractures : Functional outcome, quality of life and mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Ekström, Wilhelmina

    2008-01-01

    A hip fracture in the elderly is one of the most devastating consequences of osteoporosis and has a high rate of complications, including death and a serious threat to the patient s future mobility, social functioning, quality of life and autonomy. The aim of this thesis was to gain a better knowledge of the functional outcome after treatment with an intramedullary (proximal femoral nail;PFN) or an extramedullary (Medoff sliding plate; MSP) fixation device in patients wi...

  8. Surgical outcome for intra- and extrapelvic femoral nerve lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, D H; Kline, D G

    1995-11-01

    Seventy-eight traumatic neuropathies were seen in 94 patients with femoral nerve lesions; 54 of these were operated on because of persistent complete functional loss and/or pain. The most common mechanism of injury to the femoral nerve was iatrogenic due to inguinal herniorrhaphy, total hip replacement, intraabdominal vascular or gynecological operation, and, less commonly, appendectomy, lumbar sympathectomy, and laparoscopic procedures. Femoral nerve injuries also resulted from penetrating gunshot and stab wounds, laceration by glass, and stretch/contusive injuries associated with pelvic fractures. There were no signs of clinical or electrical recovery in 45 of 78 patients with traumatic nerve injuries. These and other partial injuries associated with pain were explored and evaluated by intraoperative nerve stimulation and recording of nerve action potentials (NAPs). Despite complete loss of nerve function preoperatively, 13 patients had recordable NAPs and underwent neurolysis; each recovered function to at least a Grade 3 level. Twenty-seven patients had sural graft repairs performed with graft lengths varying from 2.5 to 14 cm. Most patients had some nerve regeneration and regained function to Grade 3 to 4 levels by 2 years postoperatively. Four of five patients with suture repairs recovered to Grade 3 or better within 2 years postoperatively. Despite a proximal pelvic level for most of these injuries and, as a result, lengthy graft repairs, recovery of some useful function was the rule rather than the exception. Tumors involved the femoral nerve in 16 patients and included eight neurofibromas, four schwannomas, one neurogenic sarcoma, two ganglion cysts, and one leiomyosarcoma. All tumors were treated surgically and most were removed successfully. PMID:7472543

  9. Stress and reliability analyses of damaged ceramic femoral heads.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fuis, Vladimír; Janí?ek, P.

    Southampton : WIT Press, 2002 - (Brebbia, C.; Nishida, S.), s. 475-86 ISBN 1-85312-926-7. ISSN 1462-6055. - (7). [Damage & Fracture Mechanics /7./. Kihei (US), 15.10.2002-17.10.2002] R&D Projects: GA ?R GA101/01/0974 Keywords : damaged femoral heads * computational modelling * production inaccuracies Subject RIV: JH - Ceramics, Fire-Resistant Materials and Glass

  10. Arthroscopic Femoral Neck Osteoplasty in the Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement

    OpenAIRE

    Chow, Roxanne M.; Kuzma, Scott A.; Krych, Aaron J.; Levy, Bruce A.

    2013-01-01

    Femoral neck osteoplasty is an integral component for successful treatment of femoroacetabular impingement. Current techniques allow this to be performed arthroscopically, and results are equivalent to those of open procedures when typical anterior and anterosuperior lesions are considered. The arthroscopic procedure is dependent on obtaining adequate visualization through capsular management and proper leg positioning, and it requires fluoroscopy to guide and verify an adequate resection. We...

  11. The successful use of peripheral nerve blocks for femoral amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, B.; Melchiors, J.

    2009-01-01

    We present a case report of four patients with severe cardiac insufficiency where peripheral nerve blocks guided by either nerve stimulation or ultrasonography were the sole anaesthetic for above-knee amputation. The patients were breathing spontaneously and remained haemodynamically stable during surgery. Thus, use of peripheral nerve blocks for femoral amputation in high-risk patients seems to be the technique of choice that can lower perioperative risk Udgivelsesdato: 2009/2

  12. Responses of femoral resistance vessels to angiotensin in vitro

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, B; Aalkjær, Christian; Mulvany, M J

    1987-01-01

    The effect of angiotensin II and angiotensin I on isolated rat resistance vessels (inner diameter ca. 200 micron) was investigated. Angiotensin II caused a contraction (ED50 = 0.58 +/- 0.17 X 10(-8) M) of rat femoral and cerebral arteries and to a lesser extent of mesenteric and renal arteries. However, all vessels showed strong tachyphylaxis on repeated stimulation with angiotensin II. Tachyphylaxis was avoided by inducing submaximal tone in the vessels with either K, noradrenaline or serotonin...

  13. Excessive distal migration of fiber-mesh coated femoral stems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baad-Hansen, Thomas; Kold, Søren Vedding; Olsen, Niels; Christensen, Finn; Søballe, Kjeld

    2011-01-01

    The surface texture, localization, and magnitude of the surface material applied to the femoral stem can facilitate bone ingrowth and influence the survival of total hip arthroplasties. Clinical and radiographic studies have shown superior bone ingrowth in proximally porous-coated stems with a diaphyseal grit-blasted surface in comparison to a smooth diaphyseal surface. Surface textures-especially porous surface material-have been suggested to have a sealing effect against migration of polyethyl...

  14. Varus distal femoral osteotomy in young adults with valgus knee

    OpenAIRE

    Mazlumi Mahdi; Hasankhani Ibrahim G; Omidi-Kashani Farzad; Ebrahimzadeh Mohamad H

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders specially knee osteoarthritis are the most common causes of morbidity in old patients. Disturbance of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity is one of the most important causes in progression of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the surgical results of distal femoral varus osteotomy in patients with genu valgum. Methods In this study, after recording history and physical examination, appropriate radiographs w...

  15. Clasificación y diagnóstico de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Alvarez López

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de actualización sobre el controvertido tema de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral para profundizar en el uso de las clasificaciones tanto cualitativas como cuantitativas de la afección y enfatizar en su importancia diagnóstica y terapéutica. Se abordó la utilidad de la resonancia magnética nuclear y la gammagrafía ósea en el diagnóstico y control evolutivo del paciente. Se describe la afección acetabular propuesta por diferentes autores.

  16. Total hip replacement for proximal femoral tumours: our midterm results

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolovski, V. A.; Voloshin, V. P.; Aliev, M. D.; Zubikov, V. S.; Saravanan, S. A.; Martynenko, D. V.; Nisichenko, D. V.; Strelnikov, K. N.

    2006-01-01

    Data from 44 patients (23 males, 21 females) with a median age of 39 (range 13–80) years who underwent total hip arthroplasty for proximal femoral tumours (1994–2004) were analysed. The histological diagnoses included 14 metastases, six osteosarcomas, six chondrosarcomas, four Ewing’s sarcomas, four giant cell tumours, three malignant fibrous histiocytomas, two parosteal and two periosteal osteosarcomas, and one each primary neuroectodermal tumour, myeloid disease, and aneurysmal bone cyst. T...

  17. Gas Gangrene as a Result of Femoral Traction Pin Placement

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Benjamin C; Thomas J. Bramwell; Nathan Formaini

    2011-01-01

    Treatment of adult femoral shaft fractures typically involves operative stabilization with intramedullary implants, external fixation, or a plate and screw construct. However, when stabilization is delayed for any reason, use of a traction pin is recommended to stabilize the fracture, prevent significant shortening, as well as to help with pain control. In this paper, we present the rare complication of a severe gas gangrene infection caused by Clostridium perfringens that led to several ampu...

  18. A case of a femoral neck tumor: painless osteroid osteoma?

    OpenAIRE

    Sestan,Branko; Matovinovic,Damir; Miletic, Damir

    2005-01-01

    We report herein a unique, previously unreported, successful outcome for a patient untreated for a tumor affecting a femoral neck considered as painless osteoid osteoma. The lesion was detected by chance at examination for groin injury. Diagnosis was based on the plain radiography, bone scan, and computed tomography. The results of the full blood examination were normal. Neither pharmacomedical nor surgical treatments were given. Two years later, radiological resolution of the lesion...

  19. Displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly : treatment with arthroplasties

    OpenAIRE

    Inngul, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly with arthroplasties has become standard practice during the last decade and results in good and predictable outcomes regarding hip function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). There is, however, a lack of evidence concerning certain types of arthroplasties and different subgroups of patients. Patients with severe cognitive dysfunction have a very limited life expectancy after a hip fracture and low functional ...

  20. Genetic predisposition for femoral neck stress fractures in military conscripts

    OpenAIRE

    Barral Sandra; Sahi Timo; Ruohola Juha-Petri; Solovieva Svetlana; Pihlajamäki Harri; Hartikka Heini; Korvala Johanna; Ott Jürg; Ala-Kokko Leena; Männikkö Minna

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Stress fractures are a significant problem among athletes and soldiers and may result in devastating complications or even permanent handicap. Genetic factors may increase the risk, but no major susceptibility genes have been identified. The purpose of this study was to search for possible genetic factors predisposing military conscripts to femoral neck stress fractures. Results Eight genes involved in bone metabolism or pathology (COL1A1, COL1A2, OPG, ESR1, VDR, CTR, LRP5...

  1. Skeletal imaging following reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament: in vivo comparison of fluoroscopy, radiography, and computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intra- and postoperative validation of anatomic footprint replication in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction can be conducted using fluoroscopy, radiography, or computed tomography (CT) scans. However, effectiveness and exposure to radiation of these imaging modalities are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of fluoroscopy, radiography, and CT in detecting femoral and tibial tunnel positions following an all-inside reconstruction of the PCL ligament in vivo. The study design was a retrospective case series. Intraoperative fluoroscopic images, postoperative radiographs, and CT scans were obtained in 50 consecutive patients following single-bundle PCL reconstruction. The centers of the tibial and femoral tunnel apertures were identified and correlated to measurement grid systems. The results of fluoroscopic, radiographic, and CT measurements were compared to each other and accumulated radiation dosages were calculated. Comparing the imaging groups, no statistically significant difference could be detected for the reference of the femoral tunnel to the intercondylar depth and height, for the reference of the tibial tunnel to the mediolateral diameter of the tibial plateau and for the superoinferior distance of the tibial tunnel entry to the tibial plateau and to the former physis line. Effective doses resulting from fluoroscopic, radiographic, and CT exposure averaged 2.9 mSv, standard deviation (±SD) 4.1 mSv, to 1.3 ± 0.8 mSv and to 3.6 ± 1.0 mSv, respectively. Fluoroscopy, radiography, and CT yield approximately equal effectiveness in detecting parameters used for quality validation intra- and postoperatively. An accumulating exposure to radiation must be considered. (orig.)

  2. Skeletal imaging following reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament: in vivo comparison of fluoroscopy, radiography, and computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osti, Michael; Benedetto, Karl Peter [Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Department for Trauma Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Feldkirch (Austria); Krawinkel, Alessa [Academic Hospital Feldkirch, Department for Radiology, Feldkirch (Austria)

    2014-12-15

    Intra- and postoperative validation of anatomic footprint replication in posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction can be conducted using fluoroscopy, radiography, or computed tomography (CT) scans. However, effectiveness and exposure to radiation of these imaging modalities are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of fluoroscopy, radiography, and CT in detecting femoral and tibial tunnel positions following an all-inside reconstruction of the PCL ligament in vivo. The study design was a retrospective case series. Intraoperative fluoroscopic images, postoperative radiographs, and CT scans were obtained in 50 consecutive patients following single-bundle PCL reconstruction. The centers of the tibial and femoral tunnel apertures were identified and correlated to measurement grid systems. The results of fluoroscopic, radiographic, and CT measurements were compared to each other and accumulated radiation dosages were calculated. Comparing the imaging groups, no statistically significant difference could be detected for the reference of the femoral tunnel to the intercondylar depth and height, for the reference of the tibial tunnel to the mediolateral diameter of the tibial plateau and for the superoinferior distance of the tibial tunnel entry to the tibial plateau and to the former physis line. Effective doses resulting from fluoroscopic, radiographic, and CT exposure averaged 2.9 mSv, standard deviation (±SD) 4.1 mSv, to 1.3 ± 0.8 mSv and to 3.6 ± 1.0 mSv, respectively. Fluoroscopy, radiography, and CT yield approximately equal effectiveness in detecting parameters used for quality validation intra- and postoperatively. An accumulating exposure to radiation must be considered. (orig.)

  3. Proximal Femoral Megaprosthesis for Failed Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Tai Shih

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical outcome and complicationsof megaprostheses for massive proximal femoral bone loss after failedtotal hip arthroplasty.Methods: Between June 1997 and December 2002, 12 patients (12 hips with massiveproximal femoral deficiencies had reconstruction of the hip using proximalfemoral megaprostheses. The average age of the patients was 59 years (range25 to 75.Results: At an average of 5.7 years (range 3.3 to 9 after surgery, eight patients (67%had a satisfactory result, one had fair and three had poor results. The complicationsincluded dislocation in 5 (42%, deep infection in 4 (33%, ectopicossification in 1 (8%, leg shortening > 3 cm in 2 (16.7%, displacement ofthe greater trochanter in 3 (25% and aseptic loosening of the megaprosthesisin 1 (8%. The early dislocation rate was 75% but this was subsequentlyreduced to 14% in the later period after use of an abduction brace postoperatively.The average Harris hip score of the 12 patients preoperatively was 30points (range 16-42. The average Harris hip score of the 9 patients with aretained megaprosthesis was 83 points (range 68 to 92.Conclusion: Patients with a failed total hip arthroplasty and massive proximal femoralbone loss can be salvaged with a proximal femoral megaprosthesis if there isno other alternative. However, this procedure is technically demanding andhas a high rate of complications. The routine use of an abduction brace postoperativelyis advised to reduce the dislocation rate.

  4. Unstable femoral neck fractures in children - A new treatment option

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pruthi K

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Femoral neck fractures in children are an uncommon but difficult situation. The aim of our study was to evaluate clinical results of closed reduction internal fixation and primary valgus osteotomy fixed with a tension band wire loop in high angled pediatric femoral neck fractures. Methods : In a prospective nonrandomized study conducted at 2 centres, sixteen children and adolescents with a Pauwel type 2/3 fracture neck femur were taken as participants. The femoral neck fractures were stabilized using closed reduction and internal fixation (6.5 mm noncannulated screw and a primary valgus osteotomy fixed with a tension band wire loop preferably within 24-36 hours of injury. Patients were evaluated to determine complications, clinical and radiological outcome. Results : At a mean post operative follow up of 5 years, union was achieved in all cases. Three patients had AVN and one developed coxavara. Results were evaluated using IOWA hip scores. Thirteen patients had an excellent result while 3 patients had a good result. Conclusion : Use of this technique holds promise in treating these difficult unstable fractures. Although results from a larger series are still awaited yet the use of this technique can safely be extended to stable fractures also, to minimize the incidence of complications as nonunion and AVN.

  5. Efficacy of vascular closure devices for femoral artery hemostasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of vascular closure devices in comparison with manual compression for hemostasis after transfemoral angiography and/or angioplasty. Methods: From February 2010 to March 2011, 495 patients underwent transfemoral angiography and/or angioplasty using manual compression (386) and vascular closure devices including Angio-Seal (21), Proglide (45), and Starclose (43) for femoral artery hemostasis. The time for hemostasis, immobilization time, vascular complications and device failure were recorded and compared. Results: Patients treated with vascular closure devices experienced shorter hemostasis and immobilization time (P0.05) among the vascular closure devices in hemostasis time, immobilization time, technique success and complication rates. Three accesses with ? 10Fr sheath were closed percutaneously using 2 pieces of Proglide devices without surgical repair. Conclusion: All three vascular closure devices are similar in safety and efficacy for femoral artery hemostasis with reduced hemostasis and immobilization time compared to manual compression. Proglide device is effective for percutaneous closure of large (?10Fr) femoral artery access sites. (authors)

  6. Pediatric femoral shaft fractures: a system for decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, John M; Curatolo, Evan

    2015-01-01

    Pediatric femoral shaft fractures are one of the most common major pediatric injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons. Historically, casting, with or without traction, was the standard of care for almost all pediatric femoral fractures. However, during the past 15 years, there has been a trend toward surgical fixation and rapid mobilization. This evolution has given orthopaedic surgeons many treatment methods in which they must consider patient age and size, fracture pattern, and the surgeon's own skills and experience. The evolution away from casting, with or without traction, has led to seven treatment options: (1) a Pavlik harness with or without a splint, (2) a walking spica cast, (3) a standard spica cast with or without traction, (4) elastic intramedullary nailing, (5) submuscular plating, (6) external fixation, or (7) trochanteric-entry intramedullary nailing. To determine which treatment option is best for a specific fracture type in a specific patient, pediatric femoral shaft fractures can be divided into five classes: (1) fractures that will heal with limited intervention; (2) fractures that should be treated without surgery, but must be watched closely; (3) fractures that benefit from surgical intervention with load-sharing implants; (4) fractures that may benefit from surgical intervention with rigid fixation; and (5) fractures in a patient with a limb at risk and associated injuries that require initial treatment precedence. PMID:25745928

  7. Varus distal femoral osteotomy in young adults with valgus knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazlumi Mahdi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders specially knee osteoarthritis are the most common causes of morbidity in old patients. Disturbance of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity is one of the most important causes in progression of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the surgical results of distal femoral varus osteotomy in patients with genu valgum. Methods In this study, after recording history and physical examination, appropriate radiographs were taken. We did varus distal femoral osteotomy by standard medial subvastus approach and 90-angle blade plate fixation then followed the patients clinically and radiographically. Results This study was done on 23 knees (16 patients age 23.3 years (range, 17 to 41 years. The mean duration of following up was 16.3 months (range, 8 to 25 months. Based on paired T test, there were statistically significant difference between pre- and postoperative tibiofemoral and congruence angles (p Conclusion Distal femoral varus osteotomy with blade plate fixation can be a reliable procedure for the treatment of valgus knee deformity. In this procedure, with more tibiofemoral angle correction, more congruence angle correction can be achieved. Therefore, along with genu valgum correction, the patella should be stabilized simultaneously.

  8. Multisegmental cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: Anterior vs posterior approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Subodh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims : To determine the surgical approach in patients with multisegmental (four or more segments OPLL of the cervical spine. Methods and Materials : Data of 27 patients who had undergone either an anterior (corpectomy with excision of OPLL and interbody fusion=14 patients or posterior approach (laminectomy=12, laminoplasty=1 patient for the multisegmental cervical OPLL was analyzed retrospectively. The patients in each group were statistically similar in respect to preoperative factors such as age, duration of symptoms, preoperative modified Japanese orthopedic association score, OPLL thickness, effective canal diameter, and antero-posterior cord compression ratio. The clinical outcome was assessed by the Harsh grading system and recovery rate was assessed by Hirabayashi method. Results : There was no statistical difference in the outcome, and recovery rate. Nine patients developed complications after anterior approach in contrast to one after posterior approach. Conclusions : In patients with multisegmental cervical OPLL, there was no significant difference in the short-term recovery rate and outcome between two groups. The immediate postoperative complications were less in patients who had undergone posterior approach. From our analysis, it appears that the posterior approach is probably the preferred method of treatment in a multisegmental OPLL in absence of preoperative kyphosis.

  9. False aneurysm of the left femoral artery and thrombosis of the left femoral vein after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proschek, D; Proschek, P; Hochmuth, K; Balzer, J O; Mack, M G; Vogl, T J

    2006-09-01

    We report a 75-year-old male patient with an aneurysm of the left femoral artery after cemented total hip arthroplasty. Two months after the operation, the patient showed a spherical resistance and pain in the left groin. Examination showed a big false aneurysm of the left femoral artery. After resection of the aneurysm, an endovascular stent graft vessel prosthesis was implanted. The aneurysm originated from a punctual lesion of the artery caused by a screw. Since the first description of vessel lesions in orthopaedic surgery in 1964, a total of 24 cases of aneurysm in hip surgery have been described. Therefore, a review of literature tries to explain causes and mechanisms of vessel injuries in hip surgery and the possibilities of repair. PMID:16810552

  10. Femoral torsion: reliability and validity of the trochanteric prominence angle test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Claudia; Zingg, Patrick; Seifert, Burkhardt; Sutter, Reto; Dora, Claudio

    2012-01-01

    Influence of femoral torsion on femoroacetabular impingement and other hip conditions is not well documented and its assessment by imaging methods during clinical work-up is not routinely performed. We studied whether physical examination could reliably measure or at least screen for gross anomalies of femoral torsion or if appropriate imaging should routinely be performed. Assessing femoral torsion of 45 volunteers using the "trochanteric prominence angle test" and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), inter- and intra-observer reliability ranged from poor to moderate and agreement with MRI values was only fair. Considering a 5° to 10° difference of femoral torsion as clinically relevant, physical examination failed to match MRI values within ±10° in more than 50%. Arbitrarily defining thresholds for pathological femoral torsion, the "trochanteric prominence angle test" could not recognise torsions outside the >30°/20°/measurement or screening for gross anomalies. We therefore integrate an adapted MRI protocol allowing measurement of femoral torsion within our clinical work up. PMID:22865252

  11. The effects of femoral graft placement on in vivo knee kinematics after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Abebe, E S; Utturkar, G. M.; D.C. Taylor; Spritzer, C E; Kim, J P; Moorman, C. T.; Garrett, W. E.; DeFrate, L E

    2011-01-01

    Achieving anatomical graft placement remains a concern in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of femoral graft placement on the ability of ACL reconstruction to restore normal knee kinematics under in vivo loading conditions. Two different groups of patients were studied: one in which the femoral tunnel was placed near the anterior and proximal border of the ACL (anteroproximal group, n=12) and another where the femoral tunnel ...

  12. A low-energy femoral shaft fracture from performing a yoga posture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriarity, Andrew; Ellanti, Prasad; Hogan, Niall

    2015-01-01

    The femoral shaft is rarely the site of a low-energy fracture in a healthy individual. The vast majority of these fractures are due to major trauma such as motor vehicle accidents. Although low-energy femoral shaft fractures do occur, they are typically in patients with osteoporotic bone, or prosthesis related. In this case report, we present a man in his late 30s who was practising a specific yoga stance when he experienced a femoral shaft fracture. PMID:26452743

  13. Removal of broken solid femoral nail: a modified bent tip guide wire technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theivendran, Kanthan; Cooper, Julian P

    2009-12-01

    A broken solid femoral nail can be challenging to remove. We describe a modified bent tip guide wire technique for extraction of a broken solid retrograde femoral nail from the proximal femur. The broken nail was removed successfully through the original retrograde entry point to allow for an exchange femoral nailing in a patient with a hypertrophic non-union. This novel technique avoids any additional exposure other than that required to remove and insert the nail. PMID:19169696

  14. Closed Intramedullary Derotational Osteotomy and Hip Arthroscopy for Cam Femoroacetabular Impingement From Femoral Retroversion

    OpenAIRE

    Matsuda, Dean K.; Gupta, Nikhil; Martin, Hal D.

    2014-01-01

    Femoral retroversion is an uncommon cause of cam femoroacetabular impingement that may require surgical treatment beyond arthroscopic or open femoroplasty. We present the case of a young adult with bilateral severe femoral retroversion in whom such treatment failed. We discuss the rationale, surgical technique, and outcome of this patient, who underwent bilateral closed intramedullary derotational proximal femoral osteotomies and interlocked nailing with adjunctive pre- and post-osteotomy hip...

  15. Effect of microgravity on renal and femoral flows during LBNP & intravenous saline load

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbeille, P.; Gaffney, F. A.; Beck, L.; Coulon, J.; Porcher, M.; Blomqvist, C. G.

    1996-01-01

    Renal and femoral hemodynamics were studied in crew members at rest and during lower body negative pressure before and after the D-2 Spacelab mission and with intravenous saline loading. Specific measurements included renal vascular resistance, femoral arterial flow, and vascular resistance, along with other cardiovascular parameters. Cardiovascular adaptation to microgravity is discussed with a focus on changes observed in femoral and renal vascular resistance.

  16. Genu Valgum in Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease Treated with Femoral Varus Osteotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Glard, Yann; Katchburian, Marcos V.; Jacquemier, Michel; Guillaume, Jean-Marc; Bollini, Gérard

    2009-01-01

    Femoral varus osteotomy is one of the most common treatments for patients with symptomatic Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease with more severe deformities. We hypothesized knee valgus alignment at maturity in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is an effect of the disease and not an effect of femoral varus osteotomy. We retrospectively compared matched groups of 28 patients with and without femoral varus osteotomy. The two groups were similar with respect to age at onset and classification of He...

  17. Summary of the various treatments for osteonecrosis of the femoral head by mechanism: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Cheng; PENG, JIANG; LU, SHIBI

    2014-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), also known as femoral head avascular necrosis, is a pathological state with a number of possible etiologies including steroid administration, alcohol abuse, traumatic events, vascular injury and idiopathic origins. ONFH causes a reduction in the vascular supply to the subchondral bone of the femoral head, which results in osteocyte death and the collapse of the articular surface. Treatments for ONFH include non-weight-bearing therapy, physical support...

  18. Supracondylar femoral fracture after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with transfemoral fixation.

    OpenAIRE

    Jayadev, C; Kochhar, T; Back, DL; Ratnakumar, K.

    2009-01-01

    Femoral fractures following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are rare. These injuries often are related to increased stresses at the femoral tunnel. Hamstring tendon autograft is often used for ACL reconstruction, and transfemoral fixation is one of many graft fixation techniques with few reported complications. This article reports an atraumatic transverse supracondylar femoral fracture occurring through the transfemoral fixation tract following hamstring ACL reconstruction in...

  19. NANOINDENTATION OF THE INSERTIONAL ZONES OF HUMAN MENISCAL ATTACHMENTS INTO UNDERLYING BONE

    OpenAIRE

    Hauch, K.N.; Oyen, M. L.; Odegard, G. M.; Haut Donahue, T. L.

    2008-01-01

    The fibrocartilagenous knee menisci are situated between the femoral condyles and tibia plateau and are primarily anchored to the tibia by means of four attachments at the anterior and posterior horns. Strong fixation of meniscal attachments to the tibial plateau provide resistance to extruding forces of the meniscal body, allowing the menisci to assist in load transmission from the femur to the tibia. Clinically, tears and ruptures of the meniscal attachments and insertion to bone are rare. ...

  20. Does Lateral Knee Geometry Influence Bone Bruise Patterns after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury? A Report of two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Westermann, Robert W; Wolf, Brian R.; Wahl, Christopher J

    2013-01-01

    Bone bruise patterns are commonly seen after acute anterior cruciate ligament injuries; they represent a subchondral impaction injury that occurs in the lateral knee joint between the mid-lateral femoral condyle and the posterior lateral tibial plateau. These contusion patterns are present in the majority of noncontact ACL injuries. These injury patterns vary significantly in severity and this aspect is poorly understood. Edema patterns have gained increased interest in the literature of late...

  1. Intra-articular corrective osteotomy for malunited Hoffa fracture: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Iwai Takao; Hamada Masayuki; Miyama Takahide; Shino Konsei

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Hoffa fracture, an isolated coronal plane fracture of the posterior aspect of the femoral condyle, is known as an unstable, intra-articular fracture, and therefore, operative treatment is recommended. However, insufficient open reduction or failure of fixation may lead to malunion. We performed intra-articular corrective osteotomy for a malunited Hoffa fracture in a 31-year-old man and obtained good functional and radiographic results. This report suggests that intra-articular correc...

  2. Tenoscopía tibial posterior: Reporte de un caso / Posterior tibial tenoscopy: Case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A, Cuéllar-Avaroma; M, King-Hayata; MC, Martínez-de Anda; AC, King-Martínez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La tendinitis del tibial posterior se presenta comúnmente en pacientes con actividades deportivas. Se puede originar ya sea por exceso de uso o una sobrecarga brusca sobre el tendón. Esta tendinitis también se puede presentar en pacientes con enfermedades inflamatorias sistémicas, y se clasifica com [...] o el estadio I en la disfunción del tendón tibial posterior. El tratamiento inicial, con el que se han presentado buenos resultados, se basa en la inmovilización y rehabilitación. En los casos que no presentan mejoría del cuadro clínico o la tendinitis se asocia a una ruptura parcial del tendón, existen técnicas abiertas para realizar tenosinovectomías y revisiones del tendón para mejorar la sintomatología dolorosa. Con el advenimiento de las técnicas miniinvasivas se pueden realizar revisiones amplias del tendón con una mínima agresión o combinarlas con técnicas tradicionales si se asocian con roturas parciales. En este artículo se describe el caso clínico de un paciente femenino de 35 años con patología y dolor crónico a nivel de tibial posterior, la cual fue manejada mediante tenoscopía del tibial posterior y su evolución postquirúrgica a 24 meses. El tratamiento endoscópico y/o tenoscópico es una técnica simple y reproducible. En esta paciente encontramos excelentes resultados funcionales y cosméticos. Es necesario aumentar nuestra casuística sobre este método de tratamiento. Abstract in english Posterior tibial tendinitis occurs commonly in patients involved in sports activities. It may result from either excessive use or sudden overload of the tendon. This tendinitis may also occur in patients with systemic inflammatory conditions and is classified as posterior tibial tendon dysfunction s [...] tage I. Initial treatment, which has produced good results, is based on immobilization and rehabilitation. In cases without clinical improvement or in which tendinitis is associated with partial tendon rupture, open techniques may be used to perform tenosynovectomy and tendon revisions to improve painful symptoms. With the advent of minimally invasive techniques broad tendon revisions may be done that cause minimal damage or they may be combined with traditional techniques in cases of partial rupture. This paper describes the clinical case of a 35 year-old female patient with posterior tibial pathology and chronic pain. She underwent posterior tibial tenoscopy and was followed-up postoperatively for 24 months. Endoscopic and/or tenoscopic treatment is a simple and reproducible technique. We obtained excellent functional and cosmetic results in this patient. We need larger case series of patients subjected to this treatment.

  3. Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: Anterior versus posterior approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dasheng Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The optimal approach to provide satisfactory decompression and minimize complications for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL involving multiple levels (3 levels or more remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of two surgical approaches for cervical OPLL involving multiple levels; anterior direct decompression and fixation, and posterior indirect decompression and fixation. We present a retrospective review of 56 cases followed at a single Institution. Materials and Methods: We compared patients of multiple levels cervical OPLL that were treated at a single institution either with anterior direct decompression and fixation or with posterior indirect decompression and fixation. The clinical records of the patients with a minimum duration of follow-up of 2 years were reviewed. The associated complications were recorded. Results: Fifty-six patients constitute the clinical material. 26 cases were treated by anterior corpectomy and fixation and 30 cases received posterior laminectomy and fixation. The two populations were similar. It was found that both anterior and posterior decompression and fixation can achieve satisfactory outcomes, and posterior surgery was accomplished in a shorter period of time with lesser blood loss. Although patients had comparable preoperative Japanese Orthopaedics Association (JOA scores, those with a canal occupancy by OPLL more than 50% and managed anteriorly had better outcomes. However, for those with more severe stenosis, anterior approach was more difficult and associated with higher risks and complications. Despite its limitations in patients with high occupancy OPLLs, through the multiple level laminectomy, posterior fixation can achieve effective decompression, maintaining or restoring stability of the cervical spine, and thereby improving neural outcome and preventing the progression of OPLL. Conclusions: The posterior indirect decompression and fixation has now been adopted as the primary treatment for cervical OPLL involving multiple levels with the canal occupancy by OPLL <50% at our institution because this approach leads to significantly less implant failures. Those patients with the occupancy ?50% managed with anterior approach surgeries had better outcomes, but approach was more difficult and associated with higher risk and complications.

  4. Posterior breast cancer: Mammographic and ultrasonographic features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jankovi? Ana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Posterior breast cancers are located in the prepectoral region of the breast. Owing to this distinctive anatomical localization, physical examination and mammographic or ultrasonographic evaluation can be difficult. The purpose of the study was to assess possibilities of diagnostic mammography and breast ultrasonography in detection and differentiation of posterior breast cancers. Methods. The study included 40 women with palpable, histopathological confirmed posterior breast cancer. Mammographic and ultrasonographic features were defined according to Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS lexicon. Results. Based on standard two-view mammography 87.5%, of the cases were classified as BI-RADS 4 and 5 categories, while after additional mammographic views all the cases were defined as BIRADS 4 and 5 categories. Among 96 mammographic descriptors, the most frequent were: spiculated mass (24.0%, architectural distortion (16.7%, clustered microcalcifications (12.6% and focal asymmetric density (12.6%. The differentiation of the spiculated mass was significantly associated with the possibility to visualize the lesion at two-view mammography (p = 0.009, without the association with lesion diameter (p = 0.083 or histopathological type (p = 0.055. Mammographic signs of invasive lobular carcinoma were significantly different from other histopathological types (architectural distortion, p = 0.003; focal asymmetric density, p = 0.019; association of four or five subtle signs of malignancy, p = 0.006. All cancers were detectable by ultrasonography. Mass lesions were found in 82.0% of the cases. Among 153 ultrasonographic descriptors, the most frequent were: irregular mass (15.7%, lobulated mass (7.2%, abnormal color Doppler signals (20.3%, posterior acoustic attenuation (18.3%. Ultrasonographic BI-RADS 4 and 5 categories were defined in 72.5% of the cases, without a significant difference among various histopathological types (p = 0.109. Conclusion. Standard two-view mammography followed by additional mammographic projections is an effective way to demonstrate the spiculated mass and to classify the prepectoral lesion as category BI-RADS 4 or 5. Additional ultrasonography can overcome the mimicry of invasive lobular breast carcinoma at mammography.

  5. Anatomic landmarks of fluoroscopy guided puncture of the pulseless femoral artery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We wanted to improve puncturing the pulseless femoral artery by evaluating the anatomic landmarks that suggest the course of the femoral artery on fluoroscopy. We analyzed 37 hemipelvis spot images that were centered on the arterial sheath after puncture of the femoral artery. The inguinal angles were measured between the inguinal line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine and the symphysis pubis, and the line of the arterial sheath. Inguinal ligament ratios were measured as the distance from the symphysis pubis to the arterial sheath to the length of the inguinal ligament on the inguinal line. The femoral head ratios were measured as the distance from the medial margin of the femur head to the arterial sheath to the transverse length of the femur head. The mean inguinal angle was 66.5 and the mean inguinal ligament ratio was 0.42 (± 0.03). The mean femoral head ratio was 0.08 (± 0.18). In comparing the men and women, there was no significant difference in the inguinal angle and the femoral head ratio, but the inguinal distance ratio was larger in women (men: 0.41 ± 0.033, women: 0.44 ± 0.031, ? < 0.05). The femoral artery generally courses just lateral to the medial margin of the femur head (femoral head ratio: 0.08) and the medial 40% of the inguinal ligament (inguinal ligament ratio: 0.42). So, consideration of these relations may be helpful for puncturing the pulseless femoral artery

  6. Fracturing of revision of a cobalt-chrome femoral head after fracturing of a ceramic femoral head, with diffuse metallosis. Case report / Fratura de cabeca femoral de cromio-cobalto de revisao apos fratura de cabeca femoral de ceramica, com metalose difusa. Caso clinico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro Miguel Dantas Costa, Marques; Antonio, Felix; Bruno, Alpoim; Maria Elisa, Rodrigues; Pedro, Sa; Carolina, Oliveira; Francisco Lima, Rodrigues; Paulo, Goncalves; Maieiro, Costa; Antonio, Rodrigues.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se um caso de fratura de cabeça femoral de crómio-cobalto após revisão de artroplastia total de anca por fratura de cabeça femoral de cerâmica. Intraoperatoriamente verificou-se a fratura da cabeça femoral CrCO, o desgaste do polietileno acetabular e a existência de metalose maciça nos tec [...] idos musculares e cartilaginosos. Tanto a haste femoral como o componente acetabular encontravam-se estáveis e sem desgaste aparente. Após lavagem e desbridamento cirúrgico extenso, promoveu-se substituição da cabeça femoral e do polietileno acetabular. Ao fim de 12 meses de acompanhamento o paciente encontra-se sem queixas álgicas, limitação funcional ou alterações sistêmicas associadas à metalose maligna Abstract in english We presente a case of a fracture of a cobalt-chrome femoral head after revision of a hip total prosthesis with ceramic femoral head fracture. During surgery we found the cobalt-chrome femoral head fracture, wear of the polyethylene and massive metallosis in muscular and cartilaginous tissue. Both fe [...] moral stem and acetabular cup were stable and without apparent wearing. After surgical debridement, we promoted the substitution of the femoral head and the acetabular polyethylene by similar ones. After 12 months of follow-up, the patient has no pain complaints, function limit or systemic signs associated with malign metallosis

  7. Clinical comparison of polyethylene wear with zirconia or cobalt-chromium femoral heads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stilling, Maiken; Nielsen, Kjeld Anton; Søballe, Kjeld; Rahbek, Ole

    2009-01-01

    Ceramic femoral heads were developed to reduce the wear of conventional ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) bearing surfaces in THA. We compared the wear rates of PE acetabular components bearing against femoral heads of zirconia (Zr) or cobalt-chromium (CoCr) in young patients. One surgeon inserted CoCr femoral heads in all 33 patients (33 hips) having THA for primary osteoarthritis from 1996 to 1997 and then Zr femoral heads in all 34 patients (36 hips) from 1998 to 1999. The mean...

  8. Displaced stress fracture of the femoral neck in an active amenorrhoeic adolescent.

    OpenAIRE

    Haddad, F S; Bann, S; Hill, R. A.; Jones, D. H.

    1997-01-01

    Female athletes in endurance sports are at risk of osteoporosis which predisposes them to femoral neck stress fractures. These require early diagnosis and treatment to avoid catastrophic consequences.

  9. Femoral herniation of transplanted ureter after deceased-donor kidney transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Matthew; Ratnasekera, Ashanthi; Sebastian, Ely; Youssef, Nasser

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Herniation of the ureter after kidney transplant is a rare and under documented event. Many of these herniations are due to abdominal wall defects or ureteral redundancy. After an extensive review of available literature, there has not been a reported case of a femoral herniation of ureter after kidney transplant. We report a case of late allograft renal transplant failure due to ureteral obstruction secondary to femoral herniation of the ureter. Case presentation We report a case of 64 year old male with a history of kidney transplant, who was found to have an inguinal bulge. He was diagnosed with a femoral hernia containing transplant ureter using transplant kidney ultrasound and CT of the abdomen and pelvis. Subsequently he developed transplant kidney failure due to obstructive uropathy from the femoral hernia. The patient underwent a femoral hernia repair with biologic mesh. Compromised ureter was excised and a neoureterocystostomy was created. Post operatively his creatinine returned to baseline. Discussion In our literature search there are two types of inguinal ureteral hernias described. Paraperitoneal, which makes up the majority of the cases, and extraperitoneal. There are no classifications for ureteral femoral hernias. We may extract these definitions to femoral hernias, as evidenced by our case where we encountered a paraperitoneal femoral hernia containing transplant kidney ureter. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of a femoral ureter hernia. Due to its rarity in the literature, an understanding of management is critical to patient outcome. PMID:25828475

  10. Estudio retrospectivo de la etiología, tipo y tratamiento de fracturas de cóndilo mandibular / A retrospective study on etiology, type and treatment of mandibular condyle fractures

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    CarlosMartín, Ardila Medina; Francisco Levi, Duque Serna.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el trauma maxilofacial afecta un número importante de personas que padecen traumas físicos de diferentes formas. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia, tipos de fractura y modalidades de tratamiento de las fracturas del cóndilo de la mandíbula. Métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo [...] en la Unidad de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul en Medellín, Colombia, entre 1998 y 2010; la muestra estuvo constituida por 2 679 pacientes con trauma maxilofacial. Se realizó una historia clínica completa en donde se anotó la información relacionada con el trauma sufrido, así como la historia médica incluidos sus antecedentes familiares y medicamentos. Se realizó también un examen clínico y radiográfico completo. Resultados: del total de pacientes con trauma maxilofacial 542 presentaron fracturas del cóndilo mandibular. Se observó un mayor número de fracturas en el cóndilo izquierdo, en los hombres y en el grupo de edad de 21 a 30 años. Las fracturas fueron ocasionadas con mayor frecuencia debido a accidentes de tránsito. Un total de 322 fracturas condilares fueron tratadas mediante reducción cerrada y 220 se trataron con reducción abierta. Conclusiones: los resultados del presente estudio muestran que los accidentes de tránsito son la principal causa de fracturas condilares con predominio en los hombres entre 21 y 30 años. Es importante implementar políticas públicas en materia de educación en el área de tránsito y transporte vehicular que refuercen la utilización de cinturones de seguridad y el control de los límites de velocidad con el fin de disminuir las lesiones faciales ocasionadas por trauma. Abstract in english Background: maxillofacial trauma affects a great number of people who suffer from different physical trauma. Objective: to determine the prevalence, types of fractures and forms of treatment of mandibular condyle fractures. Method: a retrospective study was conducted in the Maxillofacial Surgery Uni [...] t of the San Vicente de Paul University Hospital, Medellin, Colombia between the years 1998 and 2010. The sample was composed of 2679 patients with maxillofacial trauma. A complete medical history was made in which all the information related to the suffered trauma, as well as the family history and medicaments were annotated. A clinical and radiographic examination was also made. Results: of the total of patients with maxillofacial trauma, 542 presented mandibular condyle fractures. A greater number of fractures were observed in the left condyle, in men, and in the age group 21-30 years old. Fractures were more frequently caused by traffic accidents. A total of 322 condyle fractures were treated by means of closed reduction and 220 by means of open reduction. Conclusions: the results of the present study showed that traffic accidents were the main cause of condyle fractures being predominant in men between 21 and 30 years old. It is important to implement public policies regarding education in the area of traffic and means of transport that would increase the use of seat belts and reinforce the control of speed limits with the objective of decreasing facial lesions caused by traumas.

  11. CÓNDILOS BIFIDO Y TRÍFIDO EN DISFUNCION DE LA ARTICULACIÓN TÉMPORO-MANDIBULAR: REPORTE DEDOS CASOS CLÍNICOS / BIFID OR TRIFID CONDYLES IN TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDER: REPORT OF 2 CASES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rodrigo, Millas M; Jorge, Cajas M; María Elena, Causa U; Iván, Melo G; Miguel, Casals R; Lilian, Brunetto S; Gustavo, Moncada O.

    Full Text Available El cóndilo bífido o trífido es una rara alteración morfológica de las articulaciones témporo-mandibulares (ATM), de etiología desconocida. El objetivo del presente artículo es describirlos hallazgos imaginológicos de dos pacientes que presentan cóndilo mandibular bífido y trífido, asociado con patol [...] ogías funcionales. Mediante tomografía computarizada y resonancia magnética se estudiaron dos mujeres que clínicamente presentaban ruidos, resalte y dolor de ATM unilateral irradiado al oído, además de hipomo-vilidad crónica progresiva de la articulación, durante los últimos 6 meses. Se observó severa asimetría de tamaño y forma de los cóndilos mandibulares, con irregularidad de contornos, aparición de hendiduras o canales en ápex condilar. La estructura ósea del hueso cortical y trabecular de los cóndilos mostró aspecto normal, así como también la médula ósea. La morfología glenoidea y de las apófisis transversas del temporal se observaron normales. El disco articular presentó una deformación adaptativa a la forma condilar, observándose el mayor volumen discal en relación a la hendidura condilar, un caso con acumulación de líquido en el receso articular superior y signos de sinovitis en el receso supradiscal anterior. Ambas superficies articulares se observaronn cubiertas de fibrocartílago de aspecto homogéneo y espesor regular. Conclusiones: Las alteraciones de la morfología condilar merecen especial atención para el diagnóstico diferencial con tumores óseos. Es importante para el radiólogo estar atento a la existencia de extrema variabilidad anatómica de la ATM. Los cóndilos bífidos son afectados por disfunciones de la ATM. Abstract in english Abstract: Bifid or trifid condyle is a rare morphological alteration of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), of unknown etiology. The aim of this paper is to describe the imaging findings of two patients with bifid and trifid mandibular condyle associated with functional disorders. Material and Method [...] : Two female patients, who over the last six months had presented with noise, click and unilateral TMJ pain radiated to the ear in addition to chronic progressive joint hypomobility underwent CTand MR I examinations. Results: A severe asymmetry of mandibular condyles regarding size and shape, along with irregular contours and presence of cracks or channels in condylar apex, were observed. The bone structure of cortical and trabecular bone of the condyles, as well as the condylar bone marrow, had a normal appearance. The morphology of both glenoid fossa and transverse apophysis of the temporal bone was normal. The articular disc presented a deformation adapted to the condylar shape, showing the biggest disc volume as related to the condylar groove; a case with an accumulation of fluid in the superior articular recess, and signs ofsynovitis in the anterior supradiscal recess. Both joint surfaces were covered with fibrocartilage of homogeneous appearance and regular thickness. Conclusions: Changes in condylar morphology deserve special attention in differential diagnosis of bone tumors. It is important for the radiologist to be aware of the extreme anatomic variability of the TMJ. Bifid condyles are affected by TMJ dysfunctions.

  12. CÓNDILOS BIFIDO Y TRÍFIDO EN DISFUNCION DE LA ARTICULACIÓN TÉMPORO-MANDIBULAR: REPORTE DEDOS CASOS CLÍNICOS BIFID OR TRIFID CONDYLES IN TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDER: REPORT OF 2 CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Millas M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El cóndilo bífido o trífido es una rara alteración morfológica de las articulaciones témporo-mandibulares (ATM, de etiología desconocida. El objetivo del presente artículo es describirlos hallazgos imaginológicos de dos pacientes que presentan cóndilo mandibular bífido y trífido, asociado con patologías funcionales. Mediante tomografía computarizada y resonancia magnética se estudiaron dos mujeres que clínicamente presentaban ruidos, resalte y dolor de ATM unilateral irradiado al oído, además de hipomo-vilidad crónica progresiva de la articulación, durante los últimos 6 meses. Se observó severa asimetría de tamaño y forma de los cóndilos mandibulares, con irregularidad de contornos, aparición de hendiduras o canales en ápex condilar. La estructura ósea del hueso cortical y trabecular de los cóndilos mostró aspecto normal, así como también la médula ósea. La morfología glenoidea y de las apófisis transversas del temporal se observaron normales. El disco articular presentó una deformación adaptativa a la forma condilar, observándose el mayor volumen discal en relación a la hendidura condilar, un caso con acumulación de líquido en el receso articular superior y signos de sinovitis en el receso supradiscal anterior. Ambas superficies articulares se observaronn cubiertas de fibrocartílago de aspecto homogéneo y espesor regular. Conclusiones: Las alteraciones de la morfología condilar merecen especial atención para el diagnóstico diferencial con tumores óseos. Es importante para el radiólogo estar atento a la existencia de extrema variabilidad anatómica de la ATM. Los cóndilos bífidos son afectados por disfunciones de la ATM.Abstract: Bifid or trifid condyle is a rare morphological alteration of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ, of unknown etiology. The aim of this paper is to describe the imaging findings of two patients with bifid and trifid mandibular condyle associated with functional disorders. Material and Method: Two female patients, who over the last six months had presented with noise, click and unilateral TMJ pain radiated to the ear in addition to chronic progressive joint hypomobility underwent CTand MR I examinations. Results: A severe asymmetry of mandibular condyles regarding size and shape, along with irregular contours and presence of cracks or channels in condylar apex, were observed. The bone structure of cortical and trabecular bone of the condyles, as well as the condylar bone marrow, had a normal appearance. The morphology of both glenoid fossa and transverse apophysis of the temporal bone was normal. The articular disc presented a deformation adapted to the condylar shape, showing the biggest disc volume as related to the condylar groove; a case with an accumulation of fluid in the superior articular recess, and signs ofsynovitis in the anterior supradiscal recess. Both joint surfaces were covered with fibrocartilage of homogeneous appearance and regular thickness. Conclusions: Changes in condylar morphology deserve special attention in differential diagnosis of bone tumors. It is important for the radiologist to be aware of the extreme anatomic variability of the TMJ. Bifid condyles are affected by TMJ dysfunctions.

  13. Atividade lenta posterior: correlação eletro-clínica Posterior EEG slow activity: electro-clinical correlation

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    Salustiano Gomes Lins

    1971-06-01

    Full Text Available Inicialmente é feita breve exposição dos cinco principais tipos de atividade lenta posterior descritas na literatura eletrencefalográfica: variedade lenta do ritmo alfa, ritmo theta posterior, ondas lentas posteriores a 4 hertz, ritmo delta associado ao pequeno mal e ondas Pi. Em seguida o autor expõe seus achados, baseado num material clínico composto por 760 pacientes, colhidos ao acaso, dos dois sexos e com idades variáveis entre 5 e 24 anos. Excetuando a variedade lenta do ritmo alfa, um ou mais dos outros quatro grafo-elementos referidos foram observados em 131 destes pacientes (80 do sexo masculino e 51 do sexo feminino pertencentes aos 3 primeiros grupos etários (5 a 19 anos. Sua predominância no sexo masculino não alcançou nível de significação estatística, mas a maior incidência nos grupos de menor idade foi significativa a 0,01. O ritmo theta posterior associou-se significativamente apenas a distúrbios de conduta com forte agressividade. Dos 131 casos referidos, 10 eram portadores de pequeno mal e destes, 5 apresentavam ritmo delta posterior (3 do sexo masculino e 2 do sexo feminino. Apenas em dois casos foi observado o ritmo lento posterior a 4 hertz, ambos com comemorativos de traumatismo craniano, seguido de distúrbios da conduta e agressividade.The five principal types of posterior slow activity are reviwed: the slow alpha variant rhythm; the posterior theta rhythm; the posterior slow waves at 4 c/s; the delta rhythm associated with petit mal; the so called Pi waves. The results with EEG tracings of 760 patients of both sexes with ages between 5 and 24 years are reviewed. Except for the slow alpha variant, at least one of the four other phenomena as observed in 131 patients (80 males end 51 females. The theta rhythm was observed in 49 cases (29 males and 20 females. This higher frequence among the males is not significant but the higher frequence among the younger and the association with a clinical picture of disturbance of behavior with strong agressivity is significant at 0.01. From 10 patients with diagnosis of petit mal, five presented a posterior slow rhythm (3 males and 2 females. Two patients that presented a posterior slow rhythm at 4 c/s had a history of head injury with consecutive behavior disorders with strong agressivity. The Pi waves were observed in 84 cases (55 males and 29 females, with different curve of decrease with the age in the two sexes. Among the females the decrease of frequence with the age was significant, but among the males it only neared the level of signification. The higher frequence of Pi waves among the males was significant in the age group of 15 to 19 and neared the level of signification in the age of 5 to 9. The Pi waves were present in 100% of the patients with a history of faints, but they had no significant association with the clinical pictures of behaviour disorders, paroxistical headache and dyslexia. It was observed a significant association of the incidence of Pi waves with a good organization of the background activity and with weak or absent response to the hiperventilation (at 0.05. The absense of a significant association between the Pi waves and the theta rhythm suggests that these two electrical patterns are related to quite autonomous phenomena.

  14. Atividade lenta posterior: correlação eletro-clínica / Posterior EEG slow activity: electro-clinical correlation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Salustiano Gomes, Lins.

    1971-06-01

    Full Text Available Inicialmente é feita breve exposição dos cinco principais tipos de atividade lenta posterior descritas na literatura eletrencefalográfica: variedade lenta do ritmo alfa, ritmo theta posterior, ondas lentas posteriores a 4 hertz, ritmo delta associado ao pequeno mal e ondas Pi. Em seguida o autor exp [...] õe seus achados, baseado num material clínico composto por 760 pacientes, colhidos ao acaso, dos dois sexos e com idades variáveis entre 5 e 24 anos. Excetuando a variedade lenta do ritmo alfa, um ou mais dos outros quatro grafo-elementos referidos foram observados em 131 destes pacientes (80 do sexo masculino e 51 do sexo feminino) pertencentes aos 3 primeiros grupos etários (5 a 19 anos). Sua predominância no sexo masculino não alcançou nível de significação estatística, mas a maior incidência nos grupos de menor idade foi significativa a 0,01. O ritmo theta posterior associou-se significativamente apenas a distúrbios de conduta com forte agressividade. Dos 131 casos referidos, 10 eram portadores de pequeno mal e destes, 5 apresentavam ritmo delta posterior (3 do sexo masculino e 2 do sexo feminino). Apenas em dois casos foi observado o ritmo lento posterior a 4 hertz, ambos com comemorativos de traumatismo craniano, seguido de distúrbios da conduta e agressividade. Abstract in english The five principal types of posterior slow activity are reviwed: the slow alpha variant rhythm; the posterior theta rhythm; the posterior slow waves at 4 c/s; the delta rhythm associated with petit mal; the so called Pi waves. The results with EEG tracings of 760 patients of both sexes with ages bet [...] ween 5 and 24 years are reviewed. Except for the slow alpha variant, at least one of the four other phenomena as observed in 131 patients (80 males end 51 females). The theta rhythm was observed in 49 cases (29 males and 20 females). This higher frequence among the males is not significant but the higher frequence among the younger and the association with a clinical picture of disturbance of behavior with strong agressivity is significant at 0.01. From 10 patients with diagnosis of petit mal, five presented a posterior slow rhythm (3 males and 2 females). Two patients that presented a posterior slow rhythm at 4 c/s had a history of head injury with consecutive behavior disorders with strong agressivity. The Pi waves were observed in 84 cases (55 males and 29 females), with different curve of decrease with the age in the two sexes. Among the females the decrease of frequence with the age was significant, but among the males it only neared the level of signification. The higher frequence of Pi waves among the males was significant in the age group of 15 to 19 and neared the level of signification in the age of 5 to 9. The Pi waves were present in 100% of the patients with a history of faints, but they had no significant association with the clinical pictures of behaviour disorders, paroxistical headache and dyslexia. It was observed a significant association of the incidence of Pi waves with a good organization of the background activity and with weak or absent response to the hiperventilation (at 0.05). The absense of a significant association between the Pi waves and the theta rhythm suggests that these two electrical patterns are related to quite autonomous phenomena.

  15. The Value of Accurate Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in the Setting of Multiligament Knee Injury: Imaging Features Predictive of Early Repair vs Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goiney, Christoper C; Porrino, Jack; Twaddle, Bruce; Richardson, Michael L; Mulcahy, Hyojeong; Chew, Felix S

    2016-01-01

    Multiligament knee injury (MLKI) represents a complex set of pathologies treated with a wide variety of surgical approaches. If early surgical intervention is performed, the disrupted posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) can be treated with primary repair or reconstruction. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively identify a critical length of the distal component of the torn PCL on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that may predict the ability to perform early proximal femoral repair of the ligament, as opposed to reconstruction. A total of 50 MLKIs were managed at Harborview Medical Center from May 1, 2013, through July 15, 2014, by an orthopedic surgeon. Following exclusions, there were 27 knees with complete disruption of the PCL that underwent either early reattachment to the femoral insertion or reconstruction and were evaluated using preoperative MRI. In a consensus fashion, 2 radiologists measured the proximal and distal fragments of each disrupted PCL using preoperative MRI in multiple planes, as needed. MRI findings were correlated with what was performed at surgery. Those knees with a distal fragment PCL length of ?41mm were capable of, and underwent, early proximal femoral repair. With repair, the distal stump was attached to the distal femur. Alternatively, those with a distal PCL length of ?32mm could not undergo repair because of insufficient length and as such, were reconstructed. If early surgical intervention for an MLKI involving disruption of the PCL is considered, attention should be given to the length of the distal PCL fragment on MRI to plan appropriately for proximal femoral reattachment vs reconstruction. If the distal PCL fragment measures ?41mm, surgical repair is achievable and can be considered as a surgical option. PMID:26183069

  16. The utility of drug-eluting stent in the treatment of posterior circulation artery stenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stent in the treatment of posterior circulation artery stenosis. Methods: 19 patients (19/30)with extra or intracranial vertebral artery stenosis diagnosed by angiography received drug-eluting stent place ment after anticoagulation therapy. The Seldinger technique was used to insert the 6 F sheath into the right femoral artery under local or general anesthesia. After set up of guide wire the 6 F guiding catheter was introduced into the subclavian artery at the origination point of vertebral artery and then the micro-guide-wire of 0.014in, 300 cm or 205 cm reached at the distal part of stenosis through the guiding catheter. The correlated balloon expandable stent Cypher or TAXUSTM was successfully deployed and postdilation was performed if necessary. Results: All the procedures were succeeded without mortality and any complications. The stents showed good coherence to the vessels wall without any separation and the blood flow improved greatly as the distal branch arteries completely opacified by angiography. The proportion of stenosis decreased from 87.5% to 5.2%. The vertigo disappeared in twelve cases (12/15) and improved in three cases (3/15). 6 patients with manifestation of ataxia, recovered to normal in 4 and the other two improved obviously. One patient with cerebella dysphasia improved conspicuously after stenting. No less than 15 cases were followed up by secondary angiography and others were followed up clinically. Conclusions: The preliminary application of drug-eluting stent in the treatment of posterior circulation artery stenosis seems to be safety and efficient with prevention of the arterial from restenosis. However, further large scale and randomized study should be carried out in need. (authors)

  17. Posterior fossa involvement in a recurrent gliosarcoma

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    Srikant Balasubramaniam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Gliosarcoma (GSM is a WHO grade 4 tumor and a variant of glioblastoma multiforme with predilection for the temporal lobe. We record, perhaps the first case in literature, of a temporal lobe GSM with recurrence involving the posterior fossa. A 50-year-old man presented to us with headache, vomiting, and lethargy of relatively recent onset. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed lesion in the left temporal lobe for which left temporal craniotomy with radical excision of the tumor was performed. Histopathology was suggestive of GSM. He presented to us within a month of the first surgery with a large recurrence involving the temporal lobe. He underwent a second surgery with radical excision of the tumor. Histopathology was confirmatory of GSM. He was administered concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Within a fortnight of starting adjuvant therapy, the bone flap started bulging and a repeat computed tomography scan revealed a large recurrence extending into the posterior fossa. The patient?s relatives refused consent for third surgery and he finally succumbed on postoperative day 21. GSMs are aggressive tumors that have a temporal lobe predilection, but they may present anywhere in the brain. Detailed studies on larger cohort of cases are needed to understand the true nature of these biphasic tumors.

  18. [Minimally invasive adrenalectomy with posterior retroperitoneoscopy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balogh, A; Varga, L; Julesz, J; Lázár, G; Martin, K

    2000-04-16

    Authors report a total of 14 adrenalectomies performed from a posterior (lumbotomy) approach, using minimally invasive retroperitoneoscopic technique. The "UltraCision" scalpel, an ultrasound activated cutter-coagulation device has been used for operative tissue dissection. Two cases were converted. The mean operating time of the successful 12 cases were 128 minutes. No mortality and no septic complication occurred. The mean operative blood loss of the 12 procedures were less than 100 ml. The mean hospitalisation was 3-5 days, and the complete recovery needed 2-3 weeks. On the basis of our own experiences and the ones of prospective, randomized clinical studies of the literature, the retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy from a posterior approach is recommended for the surgical treatment of benign tumours of the suprarenal gland with a size less than 5 cm diameter. The low conversion- and complication-rate, the minimal operative blood loss, the short hospitalization and quick recovery time all are the advantages of this method. It can be performed after previous abdominal operation and in cases with morbid obesity. The technique is suitable for bilateral adrenalectomies as well. This method is not justified for the removal of malignant and/or larger than 5 cm adrenal tumours. Coagulopathies are contraindications. PMID:10817012

  19. Posterior surgical approaches to the rectum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westbrook, K C; Lang, N P; Broadwater, J R; Thompson, B W

    1982-06-01

    This report summarizes experience with 19 posterior approaches to the rectum including nine trans-sacral (Kraske) and ten trans-sphincteric (Mason) procedures. This study included 12 men and 7 women, ranging in age from 18 to 89 years. Surgical indications included villous tumors in nine patients, various benign problems in four patients, primary carcinomas in three patients, and recurrent cancer in three patients. Eight complications developed in the 19 patients including: four fecal fistulae, two wound dehiscences, one rectal stricture, and one sacrococcygeal hernia. Spontaneous closure of the fecal fistulae occurred in two patients, and two patients required proximal colostomies. Fecal continence was achieved in 18 of the 19 patients. No patient died as a complication of the procedure. No recurrent tumors have developed. The conclusion is that a posterior approach to the rectum is a safe and effective procedure for various benign and for selected malignant conditions. It is particularly suitable for villous tumors that are too high for transanal resection and too low for transabdominal resection. It is an effective procedure for small, exophytic, mobile carcinomas of the lower 10 cm of the rectum in selected patients. PMID:7082059

  20. Kashima's Posterior cordectomy using coablator our experience

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    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To study the effectiveness of coblation technology in performing Kashima's procedure for bilateral abductor vocal fold paralysis. Methodology: Managing patients with bilateral vocal fold abductor paralysis is rather tricky one. It calls for delicate balance between airway and phonation. Various endolaryngeal techniques have been used to manage this problem. Here the authors describe their experience with posterior cordectomy using coablator. This study includes 10 patients who presented with stridor following bilateral abductor paralysis. All our patients were on tracheostomy tubes. They were very anxious with the tube and wanted decannulation done. All of these patients were operated by the same senior surgeon. These patients were managed with posterior cordotomy using coablation. Laryngeal wands were used in all these patients. These patients underwent spiggoting of their tracheostomy tube on the first post operative day. Decannulation was completed on the third post operative day. Early decannulation was made possible because there was negligible soft tissue oedema as these patients underwent coblation procedure. Observation: On discharge all of them had a good voice and adequate airway. These patients were able to climb two flights of stairs without discomfort.Although the causes of bilateral abductor paralysis of vocal cords are multifactorial post traumatic paralysis formed a large majority of our patients ( 8 who developed bilateral vocal fold paralysis following total thyroidectomy.