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Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Patagonia: potential role of climatic change in its dispersion and settlement / Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) na Patagônia: o papel potencial da mudança climática em sua dispersão e estabelecimento  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) mostra um grande alcance de distribuição natural na América do Sul, chegando até os 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Esta espécie foi introduzida propositalmente no sudeste da Ásia, por volta de 1980 e, mais tarde, se submeteu a uma dispersã [...] o de forma rápida intencional ou acidental em muitos países da região. Também foi introduzido na América do Norte, América Central e Havaí. Nesta contribuição se confere a presença de P. canaliculata na Patagônia e se considera a influência das alterações climáticas no novo estabelecimento desta espécie no local referido. Três coletas (entre setembro de 2004 até abril de 2005) foram realizadas (38º 58' 20.2" S and 68º 11' 27.3" W). Nelas encontraram-se dois exemplares adultos de P. canaliculada e numerosas desovas. P. canaliculata distribui-se naturalmente nas regiões das Bacias do Prata e Amazonas. O limite sul desta espécie foi estabelecido nas isotermas de 14 ºC e 16 ºC na província de Buenos Aires, com precipitações de 900 a 600 mm. Também são analisadas as variações na temperatura anual e a precipitação na Patagônia. As médias de temperatura mostram um aumento no decorrer de dois anos. Modificações importantes no regime de precipitação no norte da Patagônia poderiam ser benéficas para o estabelecimento das populações de P. canaliculata nesta nova área, onde as precipitações aumentaram o suficiente até atingir os valores similares aos da região mais austral citada para a distribuição desta espécie. Abstract in english Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) shows a large native distribution range in South America, reaching as far south as 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). This species was deliberately introduced into Southeast Asia around 1980 and subsequently underwent a rapid intentional or ac [...] cidental dispersal into many countries in the region. It was also introduced into North and Central America and Hawaii. In this contribution we record the presence of P. canaliculata in Patagonia, assessing the possible influence of climatic change in the new establishment of this species there. Three samplings (between September 2004 and April 2005) were carried out at 38º 58' 20.2" S-68º 11' 27.3" W. In the sampling we found two adult specimens of P. canaliculata and numerous egg clutches. Pomacea canaliculata is naturally distributed in the Plata and Amazon Basins. The southern boundary of this species has been established as the isotherms of 14 ºC and 16 ºC in Buenos Aires province, and precipitations of 900 to 600 mm/year. This study also analysed variations in annual temperature and precipitation in Patagonia. Average temperatures show an increase over the years, although not constantly. Important modifications in precipitation regime in northern Patagonia, triggered by global climatic changes, could be beneficial for the settlement of populations of P. canaliculata in this new area, where precipitation increased enough to reach values similar to those in the southernmost area of distribution of this species.

G., Darrigran; C., Damborenea; A., Tambussi.

2011-02-01

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Relación entre estructura y función de la perivitelina PV2 de Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae)  

OpenAIRE

El caracol dulceacuícola Pomacea canaliculata es nativo de Sudamérica y, además de ser biológicamente muy interesante, presenta especial interés económico-sanitario por ser plaga en numerosos cultivos, especialmente arroz, y también presenta importancia epidemiológica porque es hospedador intermediario del nematode causante de la meningoencefalitis eosinofílica humana. Las hembras oviponen fuera del agua y estas puestas aéreas quedan expuestas a un ambiente agresivo de alta radia...

Frassa, Mari?a Victoria

2011-01-01

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Anatomia e histologia do aparelho reprodutor masculino de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae  

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Full Text Available In this paper the authors give an anatomical and histological analysis of the male reproductive system of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822. Anatomically, the testis is better evidentiated than the ovary. In the structure of the testis a great number of very small channels converges to a single one. The male copulatory organs result of transformations that take place in the inner surface on the palial membrane. Histologically, the testis of immature males shows seminiferous ducts with round egg-shaped forms. In their lumens we could notice masses of cells that will originate spermatozoids. The penis has a conjunctive muscular sheath that can be seen in van Gieson's coloured preparations.

Eliana de Fátima Marques de Mesquita

1990-01-01

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Primer registro del caracol manzano exótico Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) en México, con comentarios sobre su propagación en el bajo río Colorado / First record of the exotic apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) in Mexico, with remarks on its spreading in the Lower Colorado River  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se registra por primera vez para México el caracol manzano Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). La especie fue descubierta en varias localidades vecinas a la presa derivadora Matamoros-1950, Algodones, Baja California. La propagación de P. canaliculata en aguas mexicanas fue a través de los afluent [...] es del río Colorado de la población inicialmente introducida en las vecindades de Yuma, Arizona, EUA en el 2005. Hasta el momento no han sido detectados efectos dañinos sobre los cultivos agrícolas del valle de Mexicali, sobre la vegetación o fauna nativa del río Colorado en el lado mexicano. Abstract in english The apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) is for the first time reported for Mexico. The species was discovered in several locations adjacent to the Matamoros-1950 dam, Algodones, Baja California. The spread of P. canaliculata in Mexican waters was through the tributaries of the Colorado [...] River from a population originally introduced in Yuma, Arizona, USA, around 2005. To date, no harmful effects have been detected on native vegetation, fauna of the Colorado River or agricultural crops in the Mexicali Valley, Baja California.

Ernesto, Campos; Gorgonio, Ruiz-Campos; José, Delgadillo.

2013-06-01

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Toxicity of botanical insecticides on golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata).  

Science.gov (United States)

The molluscicidal activity of crude extracts from five highly potential plants, Annona squamosa seed, Nerium indicum Leaves, Stemona tuberose root, Cyperus rotundus corm and Derris elliptica root was assessed to Pomacea canaliculata. D. elliptica root and C. rotundus corm extracts showed the highest toxicity against 3-month old snails which have LC50 as 23.68 +/- 2.96 mg/l and 133.20 +/- 7.94 mg/l, respectively. The C. rotundus corm extracts were chosen for detoxification enzyme in vivo assay which shows esterase and glutathione S-transferase activity in stomach, intestinal tracts and digestive glands of survival treated P. canaliculata were inhibited. PMID:21542482

Ruamthum, W; Visetson, S; Milne, J R; Bullangpoti, V

2010-01-01

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A preliminary study on the anti hatching of freshwater golden apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae eggs from Barringtonia racemosa (Magnoliopsida: Lecythidaceae seeds extract  

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Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to evaluate the alternative anti hatching of Pomaceacanaliculata eggs using Barringtonia racemosa seed extract. Five concentrations of B. racemosa extract(20, 40, 60, 80, 100 ppm and two types of solvent (methanol and water were tested in this study. TheAnova test showed that the concentration of B. racemosa seed extract was affected significantly on thehatchability of P. canaliculata eggs (p P. canaliculataeggs were decreased with increasing the concentration of B. racemosa seed extracts, where the lowerhatchability was found at 80 ppm, but it was not significant different with 100 ppm. It was concludedthat the B. racemosa seed extract can be used to control hatchability of P. canaliculata eggs.

Musri Musman

2013-07-01

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REGISTRO DE POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822) (AMPULLARIIDAE), MOLUSCO EXOTICO PARA EL NORTE DE CHILE RECORD OF POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822) (AMPULLARIIDAE), EXOTIC MOLLUSK FOR TO NORTH CHILE  

OpenAIRE

En este trabajo informamos acerca de la presencia en la costa de Choapa (IV Región de Coquimbo, Chile), de un molusco de agua dulce Pomacea canaliculata (Lammarck, 1822) (Ampullariidae). Se describe la morfología, habitat y relaciones con otros moluscos de agua dulce. Se discute su potencial rol con relación a la zoonosis parasitaria.In this paper we inform about the presence in the coast of Choapa (IV Region of Coquimbo, Chile), of a non-local freshwater mollusk -Pomacea canaliculata ...

Douglas Jackson; Donald Jackson

2009-01-01

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REGISTRO DE POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822 (AMPULLARIIDAE, MOLUSCO EXOTICO PARA EL NORTE DE CHILE RECORD OF POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822 (AMPULLARIIDAE, EXOTIC MOLLUSK FOR TO NORTH CHILE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este trabajo informamos acerca de la presencia en la costa de Choapa (IV Región de Coquimbo, Chile, de un molusco de agua dulce Pomacea canaliculata (Lammarck, 1822 (Ampullariidae. Se describe la morfología, habitat y relaciones con otros moluscos de agua dulce. Se discute su potencial rol con relación a la zoonosis parasitaria.In this paper we inform about the presence in the coast of Choapa (IV Region of Coquimbo, Chile, of a non-local freshwater mollusk -Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 (Ampullariidae. We describe its morphology, habitat and relations with other freshwater mollusks. We also discuss its potential role as link to the zoonosis parasitaria.

Douglas Jackson

2009-01-01

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Characterizations of cholinesterases in golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata).  

Science.gov (United States)

Cholinesterases (ChEs) have been identified in vertebrates and invertebrates. Inhibition of ChE activity in invertebrates, such as bivalve molluscs, has been used to evaluate the exposure of organophosphates, carbamate pesticides, and heavy metals in the marine system. The golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) is considered as one of the worst invasive alien species harmful to rice and other crops. The ChE(s) in this animal, which has been found recently, but poorly characterized thus far, could serve as biomarker(s) for environmental surveillance as well as a potential target for the pest control. In this study, the tissue distribution, substrate preference, sensitivity to ChE inhibitors, and molecular species of ChEs in P. canaliculata were investigated. It was found that the activities of both AChE and BChE were present in all test tissues. The intestine had the most abundant ChE activities. Both enzymes had fair activities in the head, kidney, and gills. The BChE activity was more sensitive to tetra-isopropylpyrophosphoramide (iso-OMPA) than the AChE. Only one BChE molecular species, 5.8S, was found in the intestine and head, whereas two AChE species, 5.8S and 11.6S, were found there. We propose that intestine ChEs of this snail may be potential biomarkers for manipulating pollutions. PMID:24217797

Zou, Xiang-Hui; Xie, Heidi Qun-Hui; Zha, Guang-Cai; Chen, Vicky Ping; Sun, Yan-Jie; Zheng, Yu-Zhong; Tsim, Karl Wah-Keung; Dong, Tina Ting-Xia; Choi, Roy Chi-Yan; Luk, Wilson Kin-Wai

2014-07-01

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Natural parasitic infection of the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata.  

Science.gov (United States)

Golden apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata, were collected once a month during a year to search for their natural parasites. The collections were made at two localities having different ecological environments. Of 576 collected snails from a canal, 176 individuals (30.6%) were infected by three groups of metacercariae. These parasites were amphistome, distome and echinostome metacercariae, which had prevalences of 23.5, 19.5 and 0.5%, respectively. The incidence of infection was highest (68.4% in October) when the snail population was composed of the old, juvenile and young Pomacea. Amphistome metacercariae were found most frequently and echinostome metacercariae the least frequently; both parasites were localized in the foot muscle of the snails and had a Shannon index of zero. The range of amphistomes was 1 to 115 with the mean +/- SD of 1 +/- 2 and 95% CL of 1, 2. Distome metacercariae were found primarily in the heart (range: 1-13), and also in the foot muscle (range: 1-5) and kidney (range: 1-14), with a Shannon index of 0.4. The means +/- SD (with 95% CL) were 3 +/- 4 (95% CL = 1, 5), 3 +/- 4 (95% CL = 2, 4) and 2 +/- 1 (95% CL = 1, 2) for the foot muscle, heart and kidney, respectively. The snails from a pond, another locality, had a low proportion of infected individuals. Of 605 snails, only 24 individuals (4.0%) were infected, with the prevalence of amphistomes, distomes and echinostomes being 0.8, 1.8 and 2.1%, respectively. The incidence of infection for each month was zero or less than 10%, except in May when it was 30.2%. PMID:8362292

Keawjam, R S; Poonswad, P; Upatham, E S; Banpavichit, S

1993-03-01

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Sex Differences of the Digestive System and Observation on Ingestion Behavior in Pomacea canaliculata  

OpenAIRE

Study on the structure and sex differences of the digestive system and ingestion behavior in Pomacea canaliculata with the methods of wild observation (indoor feeding) and anatomy. The results indicate that P. canaliculata owns special digestive organs. The pharynx with jaws and radula is efficiently able to obtain foods and developed saliva glands are helpful for mixing, digesting and swallowing foods. Folds, cartilage and gastric shield in the inner wall of the stomach are beneficial to con...

Xiong, Hong-lin; Zhang, Ya; Chen, Lin; Wu, Wei-dong; Li, Yu-hong; Wang, Zhi-jian

2013-01-01

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REGISTRO DE POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822) (AMPULLARIIDAE), MOLUSCO EXOTICO PARA EL NORTE DE CHILE / RECORD OF POMACEA CANALICULATA (LAMARCK, 1822) (AMPULLARIIDAE), EXOTIC MOLLUSK FOR TO NORTH CHILE  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este trabajo informamos acerca de la presencia en la costa de Choapa (IV Región de Coquimbo, Chile), de un molusco de agua dulce Pomacea canaliculata (Lammarck, 1822) (Ampullariidae). Se describe la morfología, habitat y relaciones con otros moluscos de agua dulce. Se discute su potencial rol con [...] relación a la zoonosis parasitaria. Abstract in english In this paper we inform about the presence in the coast of Choapa (IV Region of Coquimbo, Chile), of a non-local freshwater mollusk -Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Ampullariidae). We describe its morphology, habitat and relations with other freshwater mollusks. We also discuss its potential r [...] ole as link to the zoonosis parasitaria.

Douglas, Jackson; Donald, Jackson.

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Variation in worm assemblages associated with Pomacea canaliculata (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae) in sites near the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina  

OpenAIRE

Pomacea canaliculata is a common gastropod in freshwater habitats from Central and Northern Argentina, extending northwards into the Amazon basin. Several Platyhelminthes have been reported associated to P. canaliculata, sharing an intimate relationship with this gastropod host. The objectives of this study were to describe the symbiotic species assemblages associated to P. canaliculata in the study area, and to disclose differences among them. Samples were taken in three typical small stream...

Damborenea, C.; Brusa, F.; Paola, A.

2006-01-01

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Isolation and Characterization of Sixteen Polymorphic Microsatellite Loci in the Golden Apple Snail Pomacea canaliculata  

OpenAIRE

We report the characterization of 16 polymorphic microsatellite markers in the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, a pest registered in the list of “100 of the world’s worst invasive alien species”. The fast isolation by AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) of sequences containing repeats (FIASCO) method was used to isolate microsatellite loci, and polymorphism was explored with 29 individuals collected in an invasive region from China. These primers showed a number of al...

Yan Liu; Hui Ding; Jun Wu; Hong Li; Haigen Xu; Lian Chen

2011-01-01

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A preliminary study on the anti hatching of freshwater golden apple snail Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) eggs from Barringtonia racemosa (Magnoliopsida: Lecythidaceae) seeds extract  

OpenAIRE

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the alternative anti hatching of Pomaceacanaliculata eggs using Barringtonia racemosa seed extract. Five concentrations of B. racemosa extract(20, 40, 60, 80, 100 ppm) and two types of solvent (methanol and water) were tested in this study. TheAnova test showed that the concentration of B. racemosa seed extract was affected significantly on thehatchability of P. canaliculata eggs (p < 0.01). The results show...

Musri Musman,; Sofia Kamaruzzaman; Sofyatuddin Karina; Rahmat Rizqi; Fina Arisca

2013-01-01

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On Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 (Mollusca; Pilidae: Ampullariidae  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the morphology of Pomacea caniculata (Lamarck, 1822 collected at Corrientes, Argentina. Comparison is made with Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827 and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823. The shell is globose, heavy, with greenish or horn-colored periostracum and dark spiral bands; apex subelevated, 5-6 whorls increasing rather rapidly and separated by very deep suture. Aperture large, rounded to subelongated; lip sometimes reddish; umbilicus large and deep; operculum corneous, entirely closing the aperture. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.78-0.96 (mean 0.86; aperture length/shell length = 0.68-0.77 (mean 0.72. Radula similar to other congeneric species. Testis and spermiduct as in P. lineata and P. sordida; prostate cylindric and short, cream in color as the testis. Penial sheath straight bearing a central outer gland deeply embedded in the tissue of its basal portion and a large wrinkled gland occupying 2/3 of the distal tip of its inner surface; the rigth margin of the sheath overlaps the left one until 2/3 of its proximal end. Female reproductive apparatus similar to that P. lineata; vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath present in all females examined.

Silvana C. Thiengo

1993-03-01

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On Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca; Pilidae: Ampullariidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This paper deals with the morphology of Pomacea caniculata (Lamarck, 1822) collected at Corrientes, Argentina. Comparison is made with Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823). The shell is globose, heavy, with greenish or horn-colored periostracum and dark spiral bands; ape [...] x subelevated, 5-6 whorls increasing rather rapidly and separated by very deep suture. Aperture large, rounded to subelongated; lip sometimes reddish; umbilicus large and deep; operculum corneous, entirely closing the aperture. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.78-0.96 (mean 0.86); aperture length/shell length = 0.68-0.77 (mean 0.72). Radula similar to other congeneric species. Testis and spermiduct as in P. lineata and P. sordida; prostate cylindric and short, cream in color as the testis. Penial sheath straight bearing a central outer gland deeply embedded in the tissue of its basal portion and a large wrinkled gland occupying 2/3 of the distal tip of its inner surface; the rigth margin of the sheath overlaps the left one until 2/3 of its proximal end. Female reproductive apparatus similar to that P. lineata; vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath) present in all females examined.

Silvana C., Thiengo; Carlos E., Borda; J. L. Barros, Araújo.

1993-03-01

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Isolation and Characterization of Sixteen Polymorphic Microsatellite Loci in the Golden Apple Snail Pomacea canaliculata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report the characterization of 16 polymorphic microsatellite markers in the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, a pest registered in the list of “100 of the world’s worst invasive alien species”. The fast isolation by AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism of sequences containing repeats (FIASCO method was used to isolate microsatellite loci, and polymorphism was explored with 29 individuals collected in an invasive region from China. These primers showed a number of alleles per locus ranging from three to 13. The ranges of observed and expected heterozygosity were 0.310–0.966 and 0.523–0.898, respectively. These microsatellite markers described here will be useful for population genetic studies of P. canaliculata.

Yan Liu

2011-09-01

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Sex ratio and susceptibility of the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata.  

Science.gov (United States)

Golden apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata, were collected at two localities having different ecological environments. In both canal and pond, P. canaliculata males were found more than females during the dry season (summer and winter). In the canal, the male snails were highest in number (86.67%) in May. When rain started, they began decreasing and were lowest at 33.33% in August. Of 575 snails collected, 30.6% were infected by one or more of the three groups of amphistome, distome and echinostome metacercariae. There were two high peaks of infection in April and October, as 60.7% and 68.4%, respectively, during which there were more males than females. The average number of parasites per snail which was highest at 54 was found in the medium-sized males (25 out of 35 males) in October. The number of parasites per snail was significantly correlated with the collected males (p < 0.01), but such relationship was not occurred with the females. Of the females, only the large-sized individuals were infected. In the pond, the female snails were present in much greater numbers than the males during the reproductive time (June-September). The females were highest (94.23%) in August. Only 24 (4.0%) of 605 snails were infected; most of the infected snails were large. PMID:7855663

Banpavichit, S; Keawjam, R S; Upatham, E S

1994-06-01

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Lethal and non-lethal effects of multiple indigenous predators on the invasive golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata)  

OpenAIRE

1. We investigated the individual and combined effects of two predators (the climbing perch, Anabas testudineus, and the wetland crab, Esanthelphusa nimoafi) indigenous to wetlands in Laos, on the behaviour and survival of the invasive South American golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata). The snail is considered a pest, consuming large amounts of rice and other aquatic vegetation in the region. 2. Snail avoidance reactions to released predator chemical cues were investigated in aquaria wh...

Carlsson, Nils; Kestrup, A.; Ma?rtensson, M.; Nystro?m, Per

2004-01-01

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Development beyond the gastrula stage and digestive organogenesis in the apple-snail Pomacea canaliculata (Architaenioglossa, Ampullariidae)  

OpenAIRE

Development of Pomacea canaliculata from the gastrula stage until the first day after hatching is described. Trochophore embryos are developed after gastrulation, showing the prototroch as a crown of ciliated orange-brownish cells. However, no true veliger embryos are formed, since the prototroch does not fully develop into a velum. Afterward, the connection between the fore- and midgut is permeated and the midgut becomes full of the pink-reddish albumen, which is stored into a central archen...

Koch, E.; Winik, B. C.; Castro-vazquez, A.

2009-01-01

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Characteristics of Feeding Preference and Nutrients Utilization of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata) on Macrophytes in Paddy Fields  

OpenAIRE

Golden apple snail was a harmful invasive gastropod in Asian wetlands. In order to clarify the effect of Pomacea canaliculata on macrophytes in paddy fields, feeding preference and nutrients utilization of snail were studied. Feeding preference of snail was Alternanthera philoxenoides>Monochoria vaginalis>Oryza sativa L. Snail showed a higher approximate digestion coefficient on Oryza sativa L. than that on Monochoria vaginalis. Nitrogen utilization coefficient of snail on Alternanthera philo...

Benliang Zhao; Wei Dai, Jia-en Zhang; Chaogang Cheng; Gen Li

2012-01-01

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Naididae (Annelida, Oligochaeta associated with Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta associados a Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae  

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Full Text Available The family Amplullaridae belongs to this class Gastropoda and is made up of freshwater organisms with a wide geographical distribution in tropical regions. Oligochaeta worms can be found in association with snails of this family, inhabiting the umbilicus of their shells. Due to the lack of information on the ecology of these worms, this work focused on investigating which kind of Oligochaeta species associate with the mollusk Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856. Samples were collected during winter and spring 2003 and summer 2004. From a total of 209 snails collected, the presence of Oligochaeta worms was observed in only 58 of them (27.75%. In these infected snails, 89 Oligochaeta worms were found, all belonging to the family Naididae. The species Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero nivea Aiyer, 1929 and Dero (Dero sawayai Marcus, 1943 were the most abundant (43.68%, 12.32% and 10.08%, respectively. Haemonais waldvogeli was found in all of the seasons studied, what demonstrates its affinity for this kind of substrate. The results indicate that several Naididae species find in the umbilicus of these snails's shells (which contains fine detritus a favorable habitat for establishing themselves.A família Ampullaridae, pertencente à classe Gastropoda, é caracterizada por organismos de água doce com ampla distribuição na região tropical. Vermes Oligochaeta associados a esses caracóis podem ser encontrados habitando o umbílico de suas conchas. Devido à carência de informação sobre a ecologia desses vermes, o presente trabalho centrou-se em um levantamento de espécies de Oligochaeta associadas ao molusco Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856. Em amostragens realizadas no inverno e na primavera de 2003 e no verão de 2004, foram observados 209 caracóis, sendo que somente em 58 deles foi detectada a presença de vermes Oligochaeta, correspondendo a uma incidência de 27,75%. Foram encontrados, no total, 89 oligoquetos, todos da família Naididae. As espécies Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero nivea Aiyer, 1929 e Dero (Dero sawayai Marcus, 1943 apresentaram a maior abundância relativa (43,68%, 12,32% e 10,08%, respectivamente. Espécimes de Haemonais waldvogeli foram encontrados em todos os períodos sazonais, o que demonstra sua afinidade com este tipo de substrato. Os resultados indicam que várias espécies de Naididae encontram no umbílico da concha (que contém detrito fino um habitat favorável para seu estabelecimento.

Guilherme R. Gorni

2006-12-01

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Naididae (Annelida, Oligochaeta) associated with Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae) / Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta) associados a Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A família Ampullaridae, pertencente à classe Gastropoda, é caracterizada por organismos de água doce com ampla distribuição na região tropical. Vermes Oligochaeta associados a esses caracóis podem ser encontrados habitando o umbílico de suas conchas. Devido à carência de informação sobre a ecologia [...] desses vermes, o presente trabalho centrou-se em um levantamento de espécies de Oligochaeta associadas ao molusco Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Em amostragens realizadas no inverno e na primavera de 2003 e no verão de 2004, foram observados 209 caracóis, sendo que somente em 58 deles foi detectada a presença de vermes Oligochaeta, correspondendo a uma incidência de 27,75%. Foram encontrados, no total, 89 oligoquetos, todos da família Naididae. As espécies Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 e Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 apresentaram a maior abundância relativa (43,68%, 12,32% e 10,08%, respectivamente). Espécimes de Haemonais waldvogeli foram encontrados em todos os períodos sazonais, o que demonstra sua afinidade com este tipo de substrato. Os resultados indicam que várias espécies de Naididae encontram no umbílico da concha (que contém detrito fino) um habitat favorável para seu estabelecimento. Abstract in english The family Amplullaridae belongs to this class Gastropoda and is made up of freshwater organisms with a wide geographical distribution in tropical regions. Oligochaeta worms can be found in association with snails of this family, inhabiting the umbilicus of their shells. Due to the lack of informati [...] on on the ecology of these worms, this work focused on investigating which kind of Oligochaeta species associate with the mollusk Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Samples were collected during winter and spring 2003 and summer 2004. From a total of 209 snails collected, the presence of Oligochaeta worms was observed in only 58 of them (27.75%). In these infected snails, 89 Oligochaeta worms were found, all belonging to the family Naididae. The species Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 and Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 were the most abundant (43.68%, 12.32% and 10.08%, respectively). Haemonais waldvogeli was found in all of the seasons studied, what demonstrates its affinity for this kind of substrate. The results indicate that several Naididae species find in the umbilicus of these snails's shells (which contains fine detritus) a favorable habitat for establishing themselves.

Guilherme R., Gorni; Roberto da G., Alves.

1059-10-01

25

First report of Temnocephala rochensis (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida) from Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae) outside Uruguay: description update based on specimens from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Temnocephala rochensis Ponce de Léon, 1979, was the second of four species of Temnocephala Blanchard, 1849 to be described as ectosymbiont of ampullariid apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). There have been no records of this Uruguayan species after its initial description. As part of the present study, 111 specimens of P. canaliculata were collected between 2003 and 2009. Temnocephalans found in the pallial cavity were identified as T. rochensis, occurring in single infestati...

Seixas, Samantha A.; Amato, Jose? F. R.; Amato, Suzana B.

2010-01-01

26

Molluscicidal saponins from Sapindus mukorossi, inhibitory agents of golden apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extracts of soapnut, Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. (Sapindaceae) showed molluscicidal effects against the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck. (Ampullariidae) with LC(50) values of 85, 22, and 17 ppm after treating 24, 48, and 72 h, respectively. Bioassay-directed fractionation of S. mukorossi resulted in the isolation of one new hederagenin-based acetylated saponin, hederagenin 3-O-(2,4-O-di-acetyl-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside)-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (1), along with six known hederagenin saponins, hederagenin 3-O-(3,4-O-di-acetyl-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside)-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (2), hederagenin 3-O-(3-O-acetyl-beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (3), hederagenin 3-O-(4-O-acetyl-beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (4), hederagenin 3-O-(3,4-O-di-acetyl-beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (5), hederagenin 3-O-beta-d-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (6), and hederagenin 3-O-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside (7). The bioassay data revealed that 1-7 were molluscicidal, causing 70-100% mortality at 10 ppm against the golden apple snail. PMID:12903945

Huang, Hui-Chi; Liao, Sin-Chung; Chang, Fang-Rong; Kuo, Yao-Haur; Wu, Yang-Chang

2003-08-13

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Variation in worm assemblages associated with Pomacea canaliculata (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae) in sites near the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pomacea canaliculata is a common gastropod in freshwater habitats from Central and Northern Argentina, extending northwards into the Amazon basin. Several Platyhelminthes have been reported associated to P. canaliculata, sharing an intimate relationship with this gastropod host. The objectives of this study were to describe the symbiotic species assemblages associated to P. canaliculata in the study area, and to disclose differences among them. Samples were taken in three typical small streams and one artificial lentic lagoon, all connected with the Rio de la Plata estuary. The 81.53% were infested with different symbiotic (sensu lato) species. Among the Platyhelminthes, the commensal Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893 was highly prevalent in all samples, always in the mantle cavity. Four trematode taxa were recognized: (a) metacercariae of Echinostoma parcespinosum Lutz, 1924 in the mantle cavity and sporocysts in the digestive gland; (b) metacercariae of Dietziella egregia (Dietz, 1909) in the pericardial cavity; (c) unidentified xiphidiocercariae and (d) unidentified sporocysts and furcocercariae in the digestive gland. Nematode larvae and oligochaetes were found in two localities in the mantle cavity. Among the Annelida, Helobdella ampullariae Ringuelet, 1945 was found in the mantle cavity and lung of snails only from one locality. Our results show that although some of the symbionts are present in all localities, others are restricted to some particular ones, whether in their absolute numbers or in their relative abundance. Thus, each hosting population at the studied localities may be defined by the particular combination of symbionts that bears. PMID:17375466

Damborenea, C; Brusa, E; Paola, A

2006-12-01

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Variation in worm assemblages associated with Pomacea canaliculata (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae in sites near the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pomacea canaliculata is a common gastropod in freshwater habitats from Central and Northern Argentina, extending northwards into the Amazon basin. Several Platyhelminthes have been reported associated to P. canaliculata, sharing an intimate relationship with this gastropod host. The objectives of this study were to describe the symbiotic species assemblages associated to P. canaliculata in the study area, and to disclose differences among them. Samples were taken in three typical small streams and one artificial lentic lagoon, all connected with the Río de la Plata estuary. The 81.53% were infested with different symbiotic (sensu lato species. Among the Platyhelminthes, the commensal Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893 was highly prevalent in all samples, always in the mantle cavity. Four trematode taxa were recognized: (a metacercariae of Echinostoma parcespinosum Lutz, 1924 in the mantle cavity and sporocysts in the digestive gland; (b metacercariae of Dietziella egregia (Dietz, 1909 in the pericardial cavity; (c unidentified xiphidiocercariae and (d unidentified sporocysts and furcocercariae in the digestive gland. Nematode larvae and oligochaetes were found in two localities in the mantle cavity. Among the Annelida, Helobdella ampullariae Ringuelet, 1945 was found in the mantle cavity and lung of snails only from one locality. Our results show that although some of the symbionts are present in all localities, others are restricted to some particular ones, whether in their absolute numbers or in their relative abundance. Thus, each hosting population at the studied localities may be defined by the particular combination of symbionts that bears.

C. Damborenea

2006-12-01

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Molecular characteristics of the HSP70 gene and its differential expression in female and male golden apple snails (Pomacea canaliculata) under temperature stimulation  

OpenAIRE

Heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) is one of the most important heat-shock proteins that helps organisms to modulate stress response via over-expression. The HSP70 gene from Pomacea canaliculata was cloned using the RACE approach; the gene is 2,767 bp in length and contains an open reading frame of 1,932 bp, which is encoded by a polypeptide of 643 amino acids. BLAST analysis showed that the predicted amino acid sequence of the P. canaliculata HSP70 gene shared a relatively high similarity with ...

Song, Hong-mei; Mu, Xi-dong; Gu, Dang-en; Luo, Du; Yang, Ye-xin; Xu, Meng; Luo, Jian-ren; Zhang, Jia-en; Hu, Yin-chang

2013-01-01

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Geographic phenetic variation in the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Ampullariidae based on geometric approaches to morphometrics  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to describe and explain morphological variation within and amongpopulations of the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata using the geometric morphometricapproach. The foundation of this research is to describe patterns of morphological variation in bothnatural and managed populations. These descriptions are then used to frame hypotheses on the rolesnatural selection and geographical isolation play in evolution. Results showed variability within andamong populations of the pest. Results also showed a wide range of variability within, and amongpopulations of the golden apple snail and that geography alone could not explain such variability. Theresults of this study are discussed in the light of how variation within populations is translated intodifferences between populations.

Mark Anthony J. Torres

2011-12-01

31

Molluscicidal activity of cardiac glycosides from Nerium indicum against Pomacea canaliculata and its implications for the mechanisms of toxicity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cardiac glycosides from fresh leaves of Nerium indicum were evaluated for its molluscicidal activity against Pomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail: GAS) under laboratory conditions. The results showed that LC(50) value of cardiac glycosides against GAS was time dependent and the LC(50) value at 96 h was as low as 3.71 mg/L, which was comparable with that of metaldehyde at 72 h (3.88 mg/L). These results indicate that cardiac glycosides could be an effective molluscicide against GAS. The toxicological mechanism of cardiac glucosides on GAS was also evaluated through changes of selected biochemical parameters, including cholinesterase (ChE) and esterase (EST) activities, glycogen and protein contents in hepatopancreas tissues of GAS. Exposure to sublethal concentrations of cardiac glycosides, GAS showed lower activities of EST isozyme in the later stages of the exposure period as well as drastically decreased glycogen content, although total protein content was not affected at the end of 24 and 48 h followed by a significant depletion at the end of 72 and 96 h. The initial increase followed by a decline of ChE activity was also observed during the experiment. These results suggest that cardiac glycosides seriously impair normal physiological metabolism, resulting in fatal alterations in major biochemical constituents of hepatopancreas tissues of P. canaliculata. PMID:21843803

Dai, Lingpeng; Wang, Wanxian; Dong, Xinjiao; Hu, Renyong; Nan, Xuyang

2011-09-01

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Variation in worm assemblages associated with Pomacea canaliculata (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae) in sites near the Río de la Plata estuary, Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: English Abstract in english Pomacea canaliculata is a common gastropod in freshwater habitats from Central and Northern Argentina, extending northwards into the Amazon basin. Several Platyhelminthes have been reported associated to P. canaliculata, sharing an intimate relationship with this gastropod host. The objectives of th [...] is study were to describe the symbiotic species assemblages associated to P. canaliculata in the study area, and to disclose differences among them. Samples were taken in three typical small streams and one artificial lentic lagoon, all connected with the Río de la Plata estuary. The 81.53% were infested with different symbiotic (sensu lato) species. Among the Platyhelminthes, the commensal Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893 was highly prevalent in all samples, always in the mantle cavity. Four trematode taxa were recognized: (a) metacercariae of Echinostoma parcespinosum Lutz, 1924 in the mantle cavity and sporocysts in the digestive gland; (b) metacercariae of Dietziella egregia (Dietz, 1909) in the pericardial cavity; (c) unidentified xiphidiocercariae and (d) unidentified sporocysts and furcocercariae in the digestive gland. Nematode larvae and oligochaetes were found in two localities in the mantle cavity. Among the Annelida, Helobdella ampullariae Ringuelet, 1945 was found in the mantle cavity and lung of snails only from one locality. Our results show that although some of the symbionts are present in all localities, others are restricted to some particular ones, whether in their absolute numbers or in their relative abundance. Thus, each hosting population at the studied localities may be defined by the particular combination of symbionts that bears.

C., Damborenea; F., Brusa; A., Paola.

2006-12-01

33

Geographic phenetic variation in the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Ampullariidae) based on geometric approaches to morphometrics  

OpenAIRE

This study was conducted to describe and explain morphological variation within and amongpopulations of the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) using the geometric morphometricapproach. The foundation of this research is to describe patterns of morphological variation in bothnatural and managed populations. These descriptions are then used to frame hypotheses on the rolesnatural selection and geographical isolation play in evolution. Results showed variability within andamong pop...

Torres, Mark Anthony J.; Joshi, Ravindra C.; Sebastian, Leocadio S.; Demayo, Cesar G.

2011-01-01

34

Biological control of golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata by Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis in the wild rice, Zizania latifolia field  

OpenAIRE

The wild rice, Zizania latifolia Turcz, used to be one of the important aquatic vegetables cultivated in China. Recently, the golden apple snail - GAS (Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck)) was found to be a major invasive pest attacking Z. latifolia. To control efficiently GAS, predation by the Chinese soft-shelled turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis) on GAS was evaluated in laboratory and field trials. P. sinensis had a strong predatory capacity and selectivity for GAS both in laboratory and field condi...

Shengzhang Dong; Guowan Zheng; Xiaoping Yu; Changhuan Fu

2012-01-01

35

Relative warp and correlation analysis based on distances of the morphological shell shape patterns of Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck from Japan and the Philippines  

OpenAIRE

The Golden Apple Snail (GAS), Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck is considered one of the serious agricultural pests of rice in Asia. Itis being argued that rapid invasion of this species in many variable habitats suggests genetic variability and differentiation which could be expressedat the level of the phenotype. It is therefore the major objective of the study to explore possible phenotypic differentiation in the organismespecially in the shape of the shell using geometric morphometric (...

Moneva, Carlo Stephen O.; Torres, Mark Anthony J.; Takashi Wada; Ravindra Joshi; Demayo, Cesar G.

2012-01-01

36

A Record of Small-Clawed Otters (Aonyx cinereus) Foraging on an Invasive Pest Species, Golden Apple Snails (Pomacea canaliculata) in a West Sumatra Rice Field  

OpenAIRE

A small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus) survey in West Sumatran rice fields was conducted from April to September 2010. During this survey, golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) shell remains were found on a rice field bank as suspected prey remains of small-clawed otters. This suspicion was later proved by the occurrence of snail material (pieces of operculum and shell) in otter spraints. This is the first evidence of small-clawed otters foraging on this invasive pest species. Characterist...

Jabang; Wilson Novarino; Aadrean

2011-01-01

37

First report of Temnocephala haswelli (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida) in Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae) from Brazil: description update based on specimens from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

The impact of the discovery of Temnocephala haswelli Ponce de Léon, 1989, described as ectosymbionts of ampullariid apple snails outside of Uruguay, motivated us to collect a large number of specimens of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) from several localities in the southern portion of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. This species was recorded three times after its description: in a study of chromosomes, in a study about the ultrastructure of the collar receptor cells, and in a study of ...

Seixas, Samantha A.; Amato, Jose? F. R.; Amato, Suzana B.

2010-01-01

38

Development beyond the gastrula stage and digestive organogenesis in the apple-snail Pomacea canaliculata (Architaenioglossa, Ampullariidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: English Abstract in english Development of Pomacea canaliculata from the gastrula stage until the first day after hatching is described. Trochophore embryos are developed after gastrulation, showing the prototroch as a crown of ciliated orange-brownish cells. However, no true veliger embryos are formed, since the prototroch do [...] es not fully develop into a velum. Afterward, the connection between the fore- and midgut is permeated and the midgut becomes full of the pink-reddish albumen, which is stored into a central archenteron's lake, from where it is accumulated into the large cells forming the midgut wall ("giant cells"). Electron microscopy of giant cells in late embryos showed that albumen is engulfed by large endocytic vesicles formed between the irregular microvilli at the top of these cells. By the end of intracapsular development, giant cells become gradually replaced by two new epithelial cell types which are similar to those found in the adult midgut gland: the pre-columnar and the pre-pyramidal cells. Pre-columnar cells have inconspicuous basal nuclei and are crowned by stereocilia, between which small endocytic vesicles are formed. Pre-pyramidal cells have large nuclei with 2-3 nucleoli and show a striking development of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The genesis of the three cell lineages (giant, pre-columnar and pre-pyramidal cells) is hypothetically attributed to epithelial streaks that occur at both sides of the midgut since early stages of development.

E., Koch; B.C., Winik; A., Castro-Vazquez.

2009-04-01

39

Development beyond the gastrula stage and digestive organogenesis in the apple-snail Pomacea canaliculata (Architaenioglossa, Ampullariidae  

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Full Text Available Development of Pomacea canaliculata from the gastrula stage until the first day after hatching is described. Trochophore embryos are developed after gastrulation, showing the prototroch as a crown of ciliated orange-brownish cells. However, no true veliger embryos are formed, since the prototroch does not fully develop into a velum. Afterward, the connection between the fore- and midgut is permeated and the midgut becomes full of the pink-reddish albumen, which is stored into a central archenteron's lake, from where it is accumulated into the large cells forming the midgut wall ("giant cells". Electron microscopy of giant cells in late embryos showed that albumen is engulfed by large endocytic vesicles formed between the irregular microvilli at the top of these cells. By the end of intracapsular development, giant cells become gradually replaced by two new epithelial cell types which are similar to those found in the adult midgut gland: the pre-columnar and the pre-pyramidal cells. Pre-columnar cells have inconspicuous basal nuclei and are crowned by stereocilia, between which small endocytic vesicles are formed. Pre-pyramidal cells have large nuclei with 2-3 nucleoli and show a striking development of the rough endoplasmic reticulum. The genesis of the three cell lineages (giant, pre-columnar and pre-pyramidal cells is hypothetically attributed to epithelial streaks that occur at both sides of the midgut since early stages of development.

E. Koch

2009-04-01

40

A study of chlorophyll-like and phycobilin pigments in the C endosymbiont of the apple- snail Pomacea canaliculata  

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Full Text Available Pigments present in the brown-greenish C morph of an intracellular endosymbiont of Pomacea canaliculata were investigated. Acetone extracts of the endosymbiotic corpuscles showed an absorption spectrum similar to that of chlorophylls. Three fractions obtained from silica gel column chromatography of the acetone extracts (C I, C II and C III, were studied by positive ion fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry (FAB-MS and hydrogen-nuclear magnetic resonance (H-NMR. Results indicated the presence of (1 a sterol in the yellow colored C I fraction; (2 a mixture of pheophorbides a and b in the major green fraction, C II; and (3 a modified pheophorbide a in the smaller green fraction, C III. Aqueous extracts of the C endosymbiont did not show evidence of the occurrence of C-phycocyanin, allophycocyanin or phycoerithrin (light absorption, fluorescence emission, and electrophoresis of the protein moieties while cyanobacterial cells (Nostoc sp. showed evidence of C-phycocyanin and allophycocyanin. The possible phylogenetic and functional significance of the pigments present in the C endosymbiont is discussed.

Israel A. Vega

2012-08-01

41

A study of chlorophyll-like and phycobilin pigments in the C endosymbiont of the apple- snail Pomacea canaliculata  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: English Abstract in english Pigments present in the brown-greenish C morph of an intracellular endosymbiont of Pomacea canaliculata were investigated. Acetone extracts of the endosymbiotic corpuscles showed an absorption spectrum similar to that of chlorophylls. Three fractions obtained from silica gel column chromatography of [...] the acetone extracts (C I, C II and C III), were studied by positive ion fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry (FAB-MS) and hydrogen-nuclear magnetic resonance (H-NMR). Results indicated the presence of (1) a sterol in the yellow colored C I fraction; (2) a mixture of pheophorbides a and b in the major green fraction, C II; and (3) a modified pheophorbide a in the smaller green fraction, C III. Aqueous extracts of the C endosymbiont did not show evidence of the occurrence of C-phycocyanin, allophycocyanin or phycoerithrin (light absorption, fluorescence emission, and electrophoresis of the protein moieties) while cyanobacterial cells (Nostoc sp.) showed evidence of C-phycocyanin and allophycocyanin. The possible phylogenetic and functional significance of the pigments present in the C endosymbiont is discussed.

Israel A., Vega; Federico A., Dellagnola; Jorge A., Hurst; Martín S., Godoy; Alfredo, Castro-Vazquez.

2012-08-01

42

A Record of Small-Clawed Otters (Aonyx cinereus Foraging on an Invasive Pest Species, Golden Apple Snails (Pomacea canaliculata in a West Sumatra Rice Field  

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Full Text Available A small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus survey in West Sumatran rice fields was conducted from April to September 2010. During this survey, golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata shell remains were found on a rice field bank as suspected prey remains of small-clawed otters. This suspicion was later proved by the occurrence of snail material (pieces of operculum and shell in otter spraints. This is the first evidence of small-clawed otters foraging on this invasive pest species. Characteristics of the shell remains and spraints are described.

Jabang

2011-01-01

43

Antioxidant and molecular chaperone defences during estivation and arousal in the South American apple snail Pomacea canaliculata.  

Science.gov (United States)

The invasive Pomacea canaliculata estivates during periods of drought and should cope with harmful effects of reoxygenation during arousal. We studied thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, SOD and catalase, CAT) and non-enzymatic antioxidants (uric acid and reduced glutathione), and heat shock protein expression (Hsc70, Hsp70 and Hsp90) in (1) active control snails, (2) snails after 45 days of estivation, and (3) aroused snails 20 min and (4) 24 h after water exposure, in midgut gland, kidney and foot. Both kidney and foot (but not the midgut gland) showed a TBARS increase during estivation and a decrease after arousal. Tissue SOD and CAT did not change in any experimental groups. Uric acid increased during estivation in all tissues, and it decreased after arousal in the kidney. Allantoin, the oxidation product of uric acid, remained constant in the midgut gland but it decreased in the kidney until 20 min after arousal; however, allantoin levels rose in both kidney and foot 24 h after arousal. Reduced glutathione decreased during estivation and arousal, in both midgut gland and kidney, and it remained constant in the foot. Hsc70 and Hsp70 kidney levels were stable during the activity-estivation cycle and Hsp90 expression decreases during estivation and recovers in the early arousal. In foot, the expression of Hsp70 and Hsp90 was high during activity and estivation periods and disminished after arousal. Results indicate that a panoply of antioxidant and molecular chaperone defences may be involved during the activity-estivation cycle in this freshwater gastropod. PMID:23077161

Giraud-Billoud, Maximiliano; Vega, Israel A; Tosi, Martín E Rinaldi; Abud, María A; Calderón, María L; Castro-Vazquez, Alfredo

2013-02-15

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Relative warp and correlation analysis based on distances of the morphological shell shape patterns of Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck from Japan and the Philippines  

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Full Text Available The Golden Apple Snail (GAS, Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck is considered one of the serious agricultural pests of rice in Asia. Itis being argued that rapid invasion of this species in many variable habitats suggests genetic variability and differentiation which could be expressedat the level of the phenotype. It is therefore the major objective of the study to explore possible phenotypic differentiation in the organismespecially in the shape of the shell using geometric morphometric (GM analysis. Specifically, this study aimed to determine conchologicalvariation in populations of GAS in the Philippines and Japan. Three aspects of the shell shape were studied, which includes the ventral/aperture,dorsal and the top/whorl portion of the shell using correlation analysis based on distances (CORIANDIS. CORIANDIS was used in order tovisualize congruence of multivariate traits among P. canaliculata populations. The results showed that P. canaliculata shell varies in shape andvariability may signify distinctive genotypes or adaptation to varying environments exhibited by Japan and the Philippines.

Carlo Stephen O. Moneva

2012-06-01

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New approaches to the management of golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck): An invasive alien pest species of rice  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Golden apple snail (GAS), Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck) is native to South America. It was introduced to farmers in the Philippines in the 1980s from Argentina via Taiwan, and to other countries in Asia to increase their income and to enrich the protein intake in their diet, and also as an aquarium pet. The Global Invasive Species (IAS) FAO report that it causes 1.2 billion USD losses to aquatic crops particularly rice, taro and morning glory in Asian countries and the USA. Aside from being a serious agricultural pest, it is also an environmental pest. In an attempt to control GAS resource-poor-farmers resort to 'shot-gun approach' of using toxic and non specific agrochemicals thereby aggravating ecosystem pollution, risking their health and causing loss of aquatic biodiversity. GAS is expanding its distribution westwards in Asia and poses new threats of its invasion in Australia, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. At the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), my team focuses on two approaches. First we have to understand the field ecology of the GAS and identify weak-links in their life cycle. Then we use this basic information to manage GAS at the village level within the community in an ecologically sustainable socially acceptable and economically viable ways. I shall discuss how this LAS in transplanted lowland irrigated rice ecologies can be managed using locally available attractants during the vulnerable stage(s) of rice crop growth. New approae stage(s) of rice crop growth. New approaches will highlight the innovative and applied techniques on how to prevent the rampant abuse/misuse of agrochemicals, as well as GAS utilisation in weed management in rice fields and as aqua feed. In future, it is necessary to develop collaborative exploratory research with the IAEA and the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) to develop an effective area-wide management of GAS in direct-seeded rice systems that will capitalise on an integrated approach and environment-friendly technologies. (author)

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First report of Temnocephala rochensis (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida from Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae outside Uruguay: description update based on specimens from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

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Full Text Available Temnocephala rochensis Ponce de Léon, 1979, was the second of four species of Temnocephala Blanchard, 1849 to be described as ectosymbiont of ampullariid apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822. There have been no records of this Uruguayan species after its initial description. As part of the present study, 111 specimens of P. canaliculata were collected between 2003 and 2009. Temnocephalans found in the pallial cavity were identified as T. rochensis, occurring in single infestations, or concurrently with Temnocephala haswelli Ponce de Léon, 1989. Specimens of T. rochensis showed a conspicuous red eye pigment which faded after ethanol fixation. Important taxonomic characters of the reproductive system were evidenced by several techniques, and documented photographically for the first time for this species: 1 the typical curved cirrus of the species showing very short and stout spines; 2 the vagina with the proximal portion dilated, forming a "vesicula intermedia"; and 3 the distal portion very muscular, as well as the large and symmetrical vaginal sphincter were documented in detail with Nomarski's DIC microscopy. Eggs were observed in the suture, in the spire, and in the umbilicus of the shell; they had a short peduncle or were sessile, always with short and curved, sometimes straight apical filaments. The rounded shape of the dorsolateral 'excretory' syncytial epidermal plates had central nephridiopores. This is the first record of this species outside of Uruguay and in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Even with extended sampling efforts in the eastern region of Rio Grande do Sul, T. rochensis has not been found, showing a geographical distribution restricted to the southern region, close to its type locality of Laguna Negra, Uruguay.

Samantha A. Seixas

2010-10-01

47

First report of Temnocephala haswelli (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida) in Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae) from Brazil: description update based on specimens from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The impact of the discovery of Temnocephala haswelli Ponce de Léon, 1989, described as ectosymbionts of ampullariid apple snails outside of Uruguay, motivated us to collect a large number of specimens of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) from several localities in the southern portion of the stat [...] e of Rio Grande do Sul. This species was recorded three times after its description: in a study of chromosomes, in a study about the ultrastructure of the collar receptor cells, and in a study of the Haswell glands, all conducted in Uruguay. A total of 301 specimens of P. canaliculata were collected from 1999 to 2007. Temnocephalans found in the pallial cavity were identified as T. haswelli, which occurred in single infestations or concurrently with Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893. Helminths usually showed a light-orange body pigmentation and conspicuous, intense red-eye pigment. Many taxonomic characters evidenced by several techniques were documented photographically for the first time. The typical curved cirrus, approximately 90°, typical of the species, showed some variation in the width of the shaft base, whereas the first longitudinal row of spines of the introvert appeared with shorter spines. The vagina was found to be thick-walled, but not very muscular, and to have a single, large and slightly asymmetrical sphincter, with the posterior portion of slightly larger diameter. Eggs were observed in the umbilicus and along the suture, but predominantly in the body whorl of the shell. Egg peduncles were found to be very short or, most of the time, the eggs were sessile, always with a long apical filament. The rounded shape of the dorsolateral 'excretory' syncytial epidermal plates had external margins reaching the ventrolateral region of the body and eccentric nephridiopores. This is the first record of the species outside Uruguay and in Brazil.

Samantha A., Seixas; José F. R., Amato; Suzana B., Amato.

2010-06-01

48

First report of Temnocephala haswelli (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida in Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae from Brazil: description update based on specimens from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

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Full Text Available The impact of the discovery of Temnocephala haswelli Ponce de Léon, 1989, described as ectosymbionts of ampullariid apple snails outside of Uruguay, motivated us to collect a large number of specimens of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 from several localities in the southern portion of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. This species was recorded three times after its description: in a study of chromosomes, in a study about the ultrastructure of the collar receptor cells, and in a study of the Haswell glands, all conducted in Uruguay. A total of 301 specimens of P. canaliculata were collected from 1999 to 2007. Temnocephalans found in the pallial cavity were identified as T. haswelli, which occurred in single infestations or concurrently with Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893. Helminths usually showed a light-orange body pigmentation and conspicuous, intense red-eye pigment. Many taxonomic characters evidenced by several techniques were documented photographically for the first time. The typical curved cirrus, approximately 90°, typical of the species, showed some variation in the width of the shaft base, whereas the first longitudinal row of spines of the introvert appeared with shorter spines. The vagina was found to be thick-walled, but not very muscular, and to have a single, large and slightly asymmetrical sphincter, with the posterior portion of slightly larger diameter. Eggs were observed in the umbilicus and along the suture, but predominantly in the body whorl of the shell. Egg peduncles were found to be very short or, most of the time, the eggs were sessile, always with a long apical filament. The rounded shape of the dorsolateral 'excretory' syncytial epidermal plates had external margins reaching the ventrolateral region of the body and eccentric nephridiopores. This is the first record of the species outside Uruguay and in Brazil.

Samantha A. Seixas

2010-06-01

49

The effect of stocking density on the growth of apple snails native Pomacea bridgesii and exotic Pomacea lineata (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The demand for alternative food sources is currently in evidence in the world and, therefore, the culture of animal species considered not conventional makes this theme relevant and appropriate. In the present study, the species Pomacea lineata and Pomacea bridgesii, each with three stowage densitie [...] s (0.5 [T1], 1 [T2], and 1.5 [T3] animal/L), were tested. They were analyzed regarding growth rate, weight gain, final biomass, feed conversion and percentage of survival. There was not any statistically significant difference between the different densities for both species. The final average weight in the three waterworks did not differ significantly in P. bridgesii. In P. lineata, T1 (22.3 ± 1.80g) was significantly higher than T2 and T3. On the other hand, the absolute gain of weight in P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T1 (21.9 ± 1.80g and 37.2 ± 6.34g) than in T2 and T3 respectively. In contrast, the gain of biomass of P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T3 (276.3 ± 33.16g and 431.4 ± 37.20g) than in T1 and T2, respectively. Based on the results obtained, all species studied presented potential for aquaculture, mainly P. bridgesii, distinguished for showing a better development even in waterworks with higher densities.

ESMAR SOUZA, JUNIOR; JOSE CARLOS N. DE, BARROS; KARLA, PARESQUE; RODRIGO R. DE, FREITAS.

2013-06-01

50

Uji selektivitas ekstrak etil asetat (EtOAc biji putat air (Barringtonia racemosa terhadap keong mas (Pomacea canaliculata dan ikan lele lokal (Clarias batrachus  

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Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan selektivitas ekstrak etil asetat (EtOAc biji putat air (Barringtonia racemosa dalam pengendalian hama keong mas (Pomacea canaliculata yang dibandingkan terhadap ikan lele lokal (Clarias batrachus. Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Kimia Laut Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan Koordinatorat Kelautan dan Perikanan dan Laboratorium Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Syiah Kuala dari bulan Juni sampai Juli 2011. Serbuk biji putat air diekstraksi berdasarkan kepolarannya secara berurutan, yaitu diklorometana, etil asetat, dan metanol. Pada penelitian ini digunakan ekstrak etil asetat dari simplisia. Penelitian ini dirancang dengan lima perlakuan konsentrasi (25, 50, 100, 200, dan 400 ppm. Masing – masing sebanyak 10 individu organisme uji (ikan lele lokal, keong mas digunakan pada tiap perlakuan. Tiap perlakuan dilakukan tiga kali ulangan. Ekstrak biji putat air dipajan ke dalam aquarium pengujian. Data hasil pengamatan mortalitas organisme uji dianalisis dengan program Trimmed Spearman Karber (TSK version 1.5. Nilai selektivitas dihitung berdasarkan harga LC50 yang diperoleh dari program TSK. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 LC50 ekstrak biji putat air terhadap keong mas adalah 25,00 ppm dan LC50 ekstrak biji putat air terhadap lele lokal adalah 87,06 ppm. (2 selektivitas ekstrak biji putat air sebagai antimoluska keong mas terhadap ikan lele lokal adalah 3,48.

Musri Musman

2012-04-01

51

Biological control of golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata by Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis in the wild rice, Zizania latifolia field  

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Full Text Available The wild rice, Zizania latifolia Turcz, used to be one of the important aquatic vegetables cultivated in China. Recently, the golden apple snail - GAS (Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck was found to be a major invasive pest attacking Z. latifolia. To control efficiently GAS, predation by the Chinese soft-shelled turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis on GAS was evaluated in laboratory and field trials. P. sinensis had a strong predatory capacity and selectivity for GAS both in laboratory and field conditions. All the sizes of P. sinensis prefer to capture smaller snails. The optimum number of P. sinensis released in Z. latifolia field was dependent on the density of over-wintered GAS, and varied between 30 and 50 turtles per 666.7 m². The number of GAS declined in the fields with turtles as compared to turtle-free field. A pattern of releasing P. sinensis in Z. latifolia fields was developed and widely adopted by farmers because of much more benefit besides biologically controlling GAS.

Shengzhang Dong

2012-04-01

52

Effect of cardiac glycosides from Nerium indicum on feeding rate, digestive enzymes activity and ultrastructural alterations of hepatopancreas in Pomacea canaliculata.  

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Cardiac glycosides from Nerium indicum showed potent molluscicide activity against Pomacea canaliculata (GAS), but the toxicological mechanism is still far less understood. Effects of sublethal treatments of cardiac glycosides on feeding rate, digestive enzymes and ultrastructural alterations of the hepatopancreas in GAS were evaluated in this study. Exposure of GAS to sublethal concentrations of cardiac glycosides resulted in a significant reduction of feeding rate of GAS. The amylase, cellulose and protease activity were increase significantly at the end of 24 h followed by significant inhibition after 48 h of exposure while lipase activity was not affected significantly at the end of 24 h followed by a significant inhibition after 48 h of exposure during experimental period. The main ultrastructural alterations of hepatopancreas observed in snails under cardiac glycosides treatment comprised disruption of nuclear membrane, increased vesiculation and dilatation of endoplasmic reticulum, and vacuolization and swelling of mitochondrial compared to the untreated GAS. These results, for the first time, provide systematic evidences showing that cardiac glycosides seriously impairs the hepatopancreas tissues of GAS, resulting in inhibition of digestive enzymes activity and feeding rate and cause GAS death in the end. PMID:24361644

Dai, Lingpeng; Qian, Xiaowei; Nan, Xuyang; Zhang, Yejian

2014-01-01

53

Biological control of golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata by Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis in the wild rice, Zizania latifolia field  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The wild rice, Zizania latifolia Turcz, used to be one of the important aquatic vegetables cultivated in China. Recently, the golden apple snail - GAS (Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck)) was found to be a major invasive pest attacking Z. latifolia. To control efficiently GAS, predation by the Chinese s [...] oft-shelled turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis) on GAS was evaluated in laboratory and field trials. P. sinensis had a strong predatory capacity and selectivity for GAS both in laboratory and field conditions. All the sizes of P. sinensis prefer to capture smaller snails. The optimum number of P. sinensis released in Z. latifolia field was dependent on the density of over-wintered GAS, and varied between 30 and 50 turtles per 666.7 m². The number of GAS declined in the fields with turtles as compared to turtle-free field. A pattern of releasing P. sinensis in Z. latifolia fields was developed and widely adopted by farmers because of much more benefit besides biologically controlling GAS.

Shengzhang, Dong; Guowan, Zheng; Xiaoping, Yu; Changhuan, Fu.

2012-04-01

54

Toxicidade aguda do sulfato de cobre e do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim para o caramujo (Pomacea canaliculata = Acute toxicity of copper sulfate and aqueous extract of dried neem leaves on snails (Pomacea canaliculata  

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Full Text Available Os caramujos podem se tornar um problema ambiental e econômico, podendo causar muitos prejuízos. O trabalho teve como objetivo estimar a toxicidade aguda do sulfato de cobre pentaidratado (CuSO4.5H2O e do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim para o P. canaliculata, em condição de laboratório. Para determinação da CL (I(50;96h, o caramujo foi exposto a seis concentrações crescentes de sulfato de cobre (0,0; 0,01; 0,03; 0,05; 0,07 e 0,1 mg L-1 e a seis concentrações crescentes de extrato aquoso de folhas secas denim (0,0; 100; 125; 150; 175 e 200 mL de extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim L-1 de água, equivalente a 0,0; 1,18; 1,47; 1,77; 2,06; e 2,36 mg de azadiractina L-1, com três repetições e um tratamento-controle em um experimento no delineamento inteiramente casualizado(DIC. A CL (I(50;96h estimada para o caramujo foi de 0,07 mg de sulfato de cobre L-1, com limite inferior de 0,05 mg L-1 e limite superior de 0,1 mg L-1. A concentração letal 50% (CL (I50;96h estimada do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim (EAFSN para o caramujo foi de 142,75 mL L-1, equivalente a 1,68 mg L-1 de azadiractina, com limite inferior de 130,89 mL L-1 (1,54, mg L-1 e limite superior de 155,69 mL L-1 (1,83 mg L-1.Snails can become an environmental and economic problem, causing substantial losses. The objective of this work was to estimatethe acute toxicity of copper sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO4.5H2O and the aqueous extract of dried neem leaves on snails (P. canaliculata under laboratory conditions. In order to estimate the lethal concentration 50% (LC (I50;96h, snails were exposed to six increasing copper sulfate concentrations (0.0; 0.01; 0.03; 0.05; 0.07 and 0.1 mg L-1 and six increasing concentrations of aqueous extract of dried neem leaves 0.0; 100; 125; 150; 175 and 200 mL aqueous extract of dried neem leaves L-1 water, equivalent to (0.0; 1.18; 1.47; 1.77; 2.06; and 2.36 mg azadirachtin L-1, in triplicate and one control treatment in an entirely random delineation. Estimated LC (I(50;96h of copper sulfate was 0.02 mg copper sulfate L-1, with a0.01 mg L-1 lower limit and a 0.03 mg L-1 upper limit. Estimated lethal concentration 50% of the aqueous extract of dried neem leaves was 142.75 mL L-1, equivalent to 1.68 mg L-1 of azadirachtine, with a 130.89 mL L-1 (1.54 mg L-1 low limit and 155.69 mL L-1 (1.83 mg L-1as the upper limit.

Francine Perri Venturini

2008-04-01

55

Redescription of Temnocephala iheringi (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida based on specimens from Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: the possible type host and type locality  

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Full Text Available The original description of Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893 was based on specimens collected by Hermann von Ihering from undetermined ampullariid apple snails, which at that time were identified as Ampullaria sp., and sent to William H. Haswell, with the type locality simply indicated as Brazil. The type specimens studied by Haswell were not found in the scientific collections of Brazil, Europe or Australia, and should be considered lost. In 1941, Pereira & Cuocolo collected specimens from apple snails, identified as Pomacea lineata (Spix in Wagner, 1827, at two localities (Guaicurús and Salobra in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, central Brazil. These specimens could not be located either and should, thus, be considered lost as well. Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822, the main host of T. iheringi in southern Brazil, is known to have a geographical distribution that reaches Uruguay and 400 km beyond the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Three hundred and one mollusks were collected from 1999 to 2007. Temnocephalans found in the pallial cavity presented a greenish body pigmentation (adults and lacked eye pigment of any color, including the red-eye pigment, typical of Neotropical species of Temnocephala Blanchard, 1849; straight cirrus, with a thick band at base of the introvert' swelling; and a single, circular, asymmetric vaginal sphincter, wider in diameter in the posterior portion. As the species occurs concurrently with two other species, at least in P. canaliculata from Rio Grande do Sul, the eggs of T. iheringi could not be reliably distinguished. A redescription of the species is provided. A comparison of data from the present work with those of earlier papers published on T. iheringi from Argentina showed that the Argentinean specimens had the smallest measurements.

Samantha A. Seixas

2010-04-01

56

Freshwater snail Pomacea bridgesii (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae, life history traits and aquaculture potential  

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Full Text Available Investigations on the reproductive biology, life cycle and feeding habits of Pomacea bridgesiihave been undertaken to assess its potential as a cultured species for the ornamental trade. The speciesis dioecious and, under optimal culture conditions of temperature and food supply, it can breed all yearround. The total developmental period at 23±1ºC varied from 15 to 24 days after oviposition. Hatchingcan last for up to 20 hours in the same egg cluster. Hatching success was very high (mean94.56±0.62% and no significant differences were observed in hatching rates between different clutchsizes. Development is direct and juveniles hatch at shell length (SL = 2.4±0.25 mm. Maturity is reached192±1.5 days after hatching and at SL = 32.80±2.03 mm. Two feeding experiments were undertaken toassess the impact of food type on juvenile survival during the first 8 days post-hatching and subsequentgrowth until 90 days post-hatching. Compatibility between other fish and plants fresh-water aquariumspecies were performed. A combination of environmental tolerance, moderately amphibious behavior,fast growth, short development and hatching at an advanced stage, compatibility with other aquariumspecies (fishes or other invertebrates, and simple low cost diet, make P. bridgesii highly suitable forintensive culture for the ornamental trade.

Ana R. A. Coelho

2012-07-01

57

Morphometric study of a Brazilian strain of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) attached to Pomacea figulina (Mollusca: Gastropoda), with notes on a high infestation  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english During an ecological study of the epibiotic relationship between ciliate protists and Pomacea figulina (Spix, 1827) (Gastropoda, Ampullariidae), originating from an urban stream in southeast Brazil, a high infestation by the peritrich ciliate Carchesium polypinum (Linnaeus, 1758) Ehrenberg, 1830 (Ci [...] liophora, Peritrichia) associated to the shell of one mollusc among 23 was observed. We provided a morphological and morphometric study of C. polypinum using observations of specimens in vivo, after protargol staining, and examined using scanning electron microscopy. The Brazilian-population of C. polypinum is characterized by: size of zooid in vivo 89 µm x 57 µm on average; colony regularly dichotomously branched with usually up to 40 zooids; macronucleus usually J-shaped; single contractile vacuole located in the upper third of body; myoneme not continuous throughout the colony; stalks contract despite the discontinuity of their individual myonemes; polykinety comprises three peniculi, each consisting of three kineties. The high infestation showed here could be related to the preference for eutrophic environments showed by C. polypinum and suggested that ciliate epibionts may be ecologically important in aquatic habitats.

Roberto Júnio P., Dias; Adalgisa F., Cabral; Isabel C. V., Siqueira-Castro; Inácio D. da, Silva-Neto; Marta, D' Agosto.

2010-06-01

58

Morphometric study of a Brazilian strain of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia attached to Pomacea figulina (Mollusca: Gastropoda, with notes on a high infestation  

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Full Text Available During an ecological study of the epibiotic relationship between ciliate protists and Pomacea figulina (Spix, 1827 (Gastropoda, Ampullariidae, originating from an urban stream in southeast Brazil, a high infestation by the peritrich ciliate Carchesium polypinum (Linnaeus, 1758 Ehrenberg, 1830 (Ciliophora, Peritrichia associated to the shell of one mollusc among 23 was observed. We provided a morphological and morphometric study of C. polypinum using observations of specimens in vivo, after protargol staining, and examined using scanning electron microscopy. The Brazilian-population of C. polypinum is characterized by: size of zooid in vivo 89 µm x 57 µm on average; colony regularly dichotomously branched with usually up to 40 zooids; macronucleus usually J-shaped; single contractile vacuole located in the upper third of body; myoneme not continuous throughout the colony; stalks contract despite the discontinuity of their individual myonemes; polykinety comprises three peniculi, each consisting of three kineties. The high infestation showed here could be related to the preference for eutrophic environments showed by C. polypinum and suggested that ciliate epibionts may be ecologically important in aquatic habitats.

Roberto Júnio P. Dias

2010-06-01

59

Toxicidade aguda do sulfato de cobre e do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim para o caramujo (Pomacea canaliculata - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i2.3615 Acute toxicity of copper sulfate and aqueous extract of dried neem leaves on snails (Pomacea canaliculata - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v30i3.3615  

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Full Text Available Os caramujos podem se tornar um problema ambiental e econômico, podendo causar muitos prejuízos. O trabalho teve como objetivo estimar a toxicidade aguda do sulfato de cobre pentaidratado (CuSO4.5H2O e do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim para o P. canaliculata, em condição de laboratório. Para determinação da CL (I(50;96h, o caramujo foi exposto a seis concentrações crescentes de sulfato de cobre (0,0; 0,01; 0,03; 0,05; 0,07 e 0,1 mg L-1 e a seis concentrações crescentes de extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim (0,0; 100; 125; 150; 175 e 200 mL de extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim L-1 de água, equivalente a 0,0; 1,18; 1,47; 1,77; 2,06; e 2,36 mg de azadiractina L-1, com três repetições e um tratamento-controle em um experimento no delineamento inteiramente casualizado (DIC. A CL (I(50;96h estimada para o caramujo foi de 0,07 mg de sulfato de cobre L-1, com limite inferior de 0,05 mg L-1 e limite superior de 0,1 mg L-1. A concentração letal 50% (CL (I50;96h estimada do extrato aquoso de folhas secas de nim (EAFSN para o caramujo foi de 142,75 mL L-1, equivalente a 1,68 mg L-1 de azadiractina, com limite inferior de 130,89 mL L-1 (1,54, mg L-1 e limite superior de 155,69 mL L-1 (1,83 mg L-1.Snails can become an environmental and economic problem, causing substantial losses. The objective of this work was to estimate the acute toxicity of copper sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO4.5H2O and the aqueous extract of dried neem leaves on snails (P. canaliculata under laboratory conditions. In order to estimate the lethal concentration 50% (LC (I50;96h, snails were exposed to six increasing copper sulfate concentrations (0.0; 0.01; 0.03; 0.05; 0.07 and 0.1 mg L-1 and six increasing concentrations of aqueous extract of dried neem leaves 0.0; 100; 125; 150; 175 and 200 mL aqueous extract of dried neem leaves L-1 water, equivalent to (0.0; 1.18; 1.47; 1.77; 2.06; and 2.36 mg azadirachtin L-1, in triplicate and one control treatment in an entirely random delineation. Estimated LC (I(50;96h of copper sulfate was 0.02 mg copper sulfate L-1, with a 0.01 mg L-1 lower limit and a 0.03 mg L-1 upper limit. Estimated lethal concentration 50% of the aqueous extract of dried neem leaves was 142.75 mL L-1, equivalent to 1.68 mg L-1 of azadirachtine, with a 130.89 mL L-1 (1.54 mg L-1 low limit and 155.69 mL L-1 (1.83 mg L-1 as the upper limit.

Robinson Antonio Pitelli

2008-05-01

60

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods and bivalves from Martín García Island amounts to up to 26 species. Among the Gastropoda, the Planorbidae family made the most sizeable contribution. The Lithogliphidae P. agapetus (26.28%) and P. buschii (9.50%) showed the highest relative frequencies of occurrence within the littoral environments, while the Planorbidae D. cimex (23.83%) and D. kermatoides (11.59%) likewise did so in the inland ponds. PMID:22437392

César, I I; Martín, S M; Rumi, A; Tassara, M

2012-02-01

61

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology Moluscos (Gastropoda e Bivalvia da Reserva Natural de Usos Múltiplos Ilha Martín García, Rio de La Plata: biodiversidade e ecologia  

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Full Text Available The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods and bivalves from Martín García Island amounts to up to 26 species. Among the Gastropoda, the Planorbidae family made the most sizeable contribution. The Lithogliphidae P. agapetus (26.28% and P. buschii (9.50% showed the highest relative frequencies of occurrence within the littoral environments, while the Planorbidae D. cimex (23.83% and D. kermatoides (11.59% likewise did so in the inland ponds.A Ilha de Martín García está localizada na parte alta do Rio de la Plata, ao sul da desembocadura do Rio Uruguay. Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a biodiversidade dos moluscos de água doce da ilha e sua relação com variáveis ambientais. Doze pontos de amostragem foram selecionados: cinco foram ao longo da seção litoral da ilha e sete em lagunas interiores. Sete variáveis ambientais foram medidas: temperatura da água e do ar, porcentagem de saturação de oxigênio, oxigênio dissolvido, condutividade elétrica, sólidos totais dissolvidos e pH. Vinte e seis espécies de moluscos foram encontrados: Antillorbis nordestensis, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila, B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense e Limnoperna fortunei. A análise de agrupamento das espécies com base em sua ocorrência em diferentes condições ecológicas revelou dois grupos principais de espécies. A Análise de Correspondência Canônica sugere que a distribuição das espécies é relacionada com a condição físico-química da água. No eixo dois do diagrama de ordenação apresentado, há cerca de 96% de correlação entre as espécies e as variáveis ambientais. O oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade, a temperatura da água e pH apresentaram as maiores oscilações durante o período de amostragem. A riqueza de espécies (S apresentou relações principalmente com a temperatura da água e a condutividade. A biodiversidade de gastrópodes e bivalves da Ilha Martín García é de 26 espécies. Entre os Gastropoda, a família Pl

II César

2012-02-01

62

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology / Moluscos (Gastropoda e Bivalvia) da Reserva Natural de Usos Múltiplos Ilha Martín García, Rio de La Plata: biodiversidade e ecologia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A Ilha de Martín García está localizada na parte alta do Rio de la Plata, ao sul da desembocadura do Rio Uruguay. Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a biodiversidade dos moluscos de água doce da ilha e sua relação com variáveis ambientais. Doze pontos de amostragem foram selecionados: cinco fora [...] m ao longo da seção litoral da ilha e sete em lagunas interiores. Sete variáveis ambientais foram medidas: temperatura da água e do ar, porcentagem de saturação de oxigênio, oxigênio dissolvido, condutividade elétrica, sólidos totais dissolvidos e pH. Vinte e seis espécies de moluscos foram encontrados: Antillorbis nordestensis, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila, B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense e Limnoperna fortunei. A análise de agrupamento das espécies com base em sua ocorrência em diferentes condições ecológicas revelou dois grupos principais de espécies. A Análise de Correspondência Canônica sugere que a distribuição das espécies é relacionada com a condição físico-química da água. No eixo dois do diagrama de ordenação apresentado, há cerca de 96% de correlação entre as espécies e as variáveis ambientais. O oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade, a temperatura da água e pH apresentaram as maiores oscilações durante o período de amostragem. A riqueza de espécies (S) apresentou relações principalmente com a temperatura da água e a condutividade. A biodiversidade de gastrópodes e bivalves da Ilha Martín García é de 26 espécies. Entre os Gastropoda, a família Planorbidae exibe a contribuição mais importante. O Lithogliphidae P. agapetus. (26,28%) e P. buschii (9,50%) apresentaram as maiores frequências relativas de ocorrência dentro dos ambientes costeiros, enquanto o Planorbidae D. cimex (23,83%) e D. kermatoides (11,59%) também apresentaram frequências expressivas nas lagunas interiores. Abstract in english The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five w [...] ere along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The

II, César; SM, Martín; A, Rumi; M, Tassara.

2012-02-01

63

Trophic relationships between macroinvertebrates and fish in a pampean lowland stream (Argentina) Relaciones tróficas entre los macroinvertebrados y peces en un arroyo de la llanura pampeana (Argentina)  

OpenAIRE

The diet and trophic relationships between the macroinvertebrates Phyllogomphoides joaquini Rodrigues Capítulo, 1992 and Coenagrionidae (Odonata), Chironomidae (Diptera), Diplodon delodontus (Lamarck, 1919) (Bivalvia: Hyriidae), and Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Gastropoda: Ampulariidae) and the fishes Pimelodella laticeps Eigenmann, 1917 (Heptapteridae) and Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887) (Characidae) in a temperate lowland lotic system in Argentina were assessed on the b...

Lo?pez Oosterom, Mari?a V.; Oco?n, Carolina S.; Florencia Brancolini; Maron?as, Miriam E.; Sendra, Eduardo D.; Alberto Rodrigues Capítulo

2013-01-01

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Effect of temperature on the predation rate of the pearl cichlid (Geophagus brasiliensis) on the channeled applesnail (Pomacea canaliculata) / Efecto de la temperatura en la tasa de depredación de la castañeta (Geophagus brasiliensis) sobre el caracol manzana (Pomacea canaliculata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se realizó un experimento para evaluar el efecto de la temperatura sobre la intensidad de depredación de caracoles. Las pruebas experimentales se realizaron durante 60 días, dentro de 15 estanques de cemento llenas con agua a diferentes temperaturas, 18, 22, 26, 30 y 34°C, en un diseño de distribuci [...] ón completamente aleatorio, con tres réplicas. Las castañetas (n = 4 por estanque) fueron distribuidas en estanques con calentadores, lo que aumentó la temperatura del agua en 1°C h-1, en una habitación a 17°C. También, se seleccionaron los caracoles (hasta 3 mm) y fueron distribuidos en los estanques (n = 32 por estanque). El período de exposición a la depredación fue de 18 h, observándose que, el índice de depredación fue significativamente inferior a una temperatura de 18°C, mientras que a temperaturas entre 26 y 34°C no se encontraron diferencias significativas. Se concluye que las castañetas se alimentan de manera eficiente de los caracoles a temperaturas de 26°C o más. Abstract in english An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of temperature on the intensity of predation upon snails. The experiment was run for 60 days using 15 cement tanks with water temperatures of 18, 22, 26, 30 and 34°C in a completely randomized design with three replications. The pearl cichlids (n = [...] 4 per tank) were distributed in tanks with heaters, which increased the water temperature by 1°C h-1, in a room held at 17°C. The snails were selected (up to 3 mm) and distributed among the tanks (n = 32 per tank). The period of exposure to predation was 18 h, and the index of predation was significantly lower at 18°C. Temperatures between 26 and 34 did not result in significant differences in predation. It was conclude that the pearl cichlids prey efficiently on snails at temperatures of 26°C and above.

Ariany, Rabello da Silva; Mário Roberto, Chim Figueiredo.

1056-10-01

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Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck) Exposed to Chlorpyrifos, Dichlorvos or Carbaryl Insecticides  

OpenAIRE

Long-acting inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are used in large amounts as insecticides in agriculture, and are thereby introduced into the evironment. By incubating golden apple snails in chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, or carbaryl, we determined the LD50’s to 3.7, 4.5 and 49 µM, respectively. AChE activities were measured in several organs; the highest activity was found in the gills. Following incubation in either of the three insecticides, the ED50’s for AChE inhibition in the gill...

Sunisa Putkome; Voravit Cheevaporn

2008-01-01

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Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck Exposed to Chlorpyrifos, Dichlorvos or Carbaryl Insecticides  

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Full Text Available Long-acting inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE are used in large amounts as insecticides in agriculture, and are thereby introduced into the evironment. By incubating golden apple snails in chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, or carbaryl, we determined the LD50’s to 3.7, 4.5 and 49 µM, respectively. AChE activities were measured in several organs; the highest activity was found in the gills. Following incubation in either of the three insecticides, the ED50’s for AChE inhibition in the gills were 0.37 µM, 0.22 µM, and 14 µM, respectively; there were no sex differences, but AChE inhibition was more marked in larger snails than in smaller ones, and incubation at 32 °C brought about a higher AChE inhibition than at 27 °C. The time course of AChE inhibition was studied in snails incubated at ED50 with either of the inhibitors. There was a 50% enzyme inhibition after about 6 min, 5 min, and 7 min, respectively. After 96 h incubation, enzyme inhibiton reached about 90% in all three groups. Following this exposure to inhibitor, the snails were transferred to fresh water; after 30 days there was virtually no recovery of AChE actvity in the snails exposed to chlorpyrifos or dichlorovos, whereas about 20% was recovered in snails exposed to carbaryl.

Sunisa Putkome

2008-07-01

67

Desarrollo morfológico e histológico del sistema reproductor de Pomacea patula catemacensis (Baker 1922) (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae) / Morphological and histological development of the reproductive system of Pomacea patula catemacensis (Baker 1922) (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El "tegogolo" Pomacea patula catemacensis es un gasterópodo dulceacuícola comestible, endémico del Lago de Catemaco en Veracruz, México. En los últimos años las poblaciones naturales se han visto diezmadas debido a que su captura se realiza sin control, a lo que se suma el alto grado de deterioro am [...] biental que presenta el lago, producto del "azolvamiento", así como por la contaminación por plaguicidas y detergentes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue caracterizar histológica y morfológicamente el sistema reproductor de P. patula catemacensis y determinar las etapas de madurez gonádica en condiciones de laboratorio. Se determinó que la maduración depende de la talla y no de la edad de los organismos, y se identificaron cuatro etapas principales en el desarrollo de machos y hembras: Los estadios y sus longitudes promedio ± intervalo de confianza del 95 %) son (1) inmadura o indiferenciada (talla de 0,72 a 7 mm), (2) maduración temprana (18,95 ± 1,96 mm), (3) maduración intermedia (29,29 ± 4,9 mm) y (4) madurez total (35,89 ± 3,92 mm). En este molusco los sexos están separados, la fertilización es interna y el desarrollo es ovovivíparo. En las hembras la secreción de albúmina y de carbonato de calcio se realiza en la glándula de la albúmina, característica en la que difiere de otras especies como P. paludosa y P. canaliculata, las cuales poseen además glándula de la cápsula. Es posible identificar el grado de madurez de los caracoles utilizando criterios anatómicos visuales, como la glándula de la albúmina, en el caso de la hembra, y el órgano copulador en el macho Abstract in english The "apple snail" Pomacea patula catemacensis is an edible freshwater mollusc, endemic to the Catemaco Lake in Veracruz, Mexico. During the past few years, the natural populations of this species have been depleted mainly by uncontrolled fishery, and because of environmental degradation and pollutio [...] n by pesticides and detergents. In the present study, we carried out the histological and morphological characterization of the reproductive system of P. patula catemacensis under laboratory conditions. We found that the reproductive development of this snail depended more on the size than on the age the animals, and identified four development main stages, both for males and females. The main stages and their mean lengths ± confidence interval at P

AURA, CARREÓN-PALAU; ESTHER, URIA-GALICIA; FÉLIX, ESPINOSA-CHÁVEZ; FERNANDO, MARTÍNEZ-JERÓNIMO.

2003-12-01

68

Desarrollo morfológico e histológico del sistema reproductor de Pomacea patula catemacensis (Baker 1922 (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae Morphological and histological development of the reproductive system of Pomacea patula catemacensis (Baker 1922 (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae  

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Full Text Available El "tegogolo" Pomacea patula catemacensis es un gasterópodo dulceacuícola comestible, endémico del Lago de Catemaco en Veracruz, México. En los últimos años las poblaciones naturales se han visto diezmadas debido a que su captura se realiza sin control, a lo que se suma el alto grado de deterioro ambiental que presenta el lago, producto del "azolvamiento", así como por la contaminación por plaguicidas y detergentes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue caracterizar histológica y morfológicamente el sistema reproductor de P. patula catemacensis y determinar las etapas de madurez gonádica en condiciones de laboratorio. Se determinó que la maduración depende de la talla y no de la edad de los organismos, y se identificaron cuatro etapas principales en el desarrollo de machos y hembras: Los estadios y sus longitudes promedio ± intervalo de confianza del 95 % son (1 inmadura o indiferenciada (talla de 0,72 a 7 mm, (2 maduración temprana (18,95 ± 1,96 mm, (3 maduración intermedia (29,29 ± 4,9 mm y (4 madurez total (35,89 ± 3,92 mm. En este molusco los sexos están separados, la fertilización es interna y el desarrollo es ovovivíparo. En las hembras la secreción de albúmina y de carbonato de calcio se realiza en la glándula de la albúmina, característica en la que difiere de otras especies como P. paludosa y P. canaliculata, las cuales poseen además glándula de la cápsula. Es posible identificar el grado de madurez de los caracoles utilizando criterios anatómicos visuales, como la glándula de la albúmina, en el caso de la hembra, y el órgano copulador en el machoThe "apple snail" Pomacea patula catemacensis is an edible freshwater mollusc, endemic to the Catemaco Lake in Veracruz, Mexico. During the past few years, the natural populations of this species have been depleted mainly by uncontrolled fishery, and because of environmental degradation and pollution by pesticides and detergents. In the present study, we carried out the histological and morphological characterization of the reproductive system of P. patula catemacensis under laboratory conditions. We found that the reproductive development of this snail depended more on the size than on the age the animals, and identified four development main stages, both for males and females. The main stages and their mean lengths ± confidence interval at P < 0.05 were (1 immature or not differenced (from 0.72 to 7 mm, (2 early maturation (from 18.95 ± 1.96 mm, (3 intermediate maturation (from 29.29 ± 4.9 mm, and (4 full maturity (from 35.89 ± 3.92 mm. This species is ovoviviparous, both sexes are separated, and fertilization is internal. Albumin and calcium carbonate secretion in females are performed through the albumin gland, a trait that distinguishes this species from others, such as P. paludosa and P. canaliculata. The stage of development can be identified by means of using anatomical traits, such as the albumin gland (in the case of females, or the intromittent organ (in males

AURA CARREÓN-PALAU

2003-12-01

69

Mercury residues in south Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Mercury concentrations in the sediments of south Florida wetlands have increased three fold in the last century. Because south Florida is home to many endemic and endangered species, it is important to understand the potential impacts of mercury in this ecosystem`s food web. Recent research by Malley et al. has shown mollusks to be sensitive indicators of methyl mercury which can reflect small differences in background methyl mercury concentrations. In this study, we attempted to determine if the apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) or its eggs are good indicators of bioavailable mercury. Then, using the apple snail as an indicator, we attempted to determine geographic differences in the concentrations of mercury in south Florida. 12 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Eisemann, J.D.; Beyer, W.N.; Morton, A. [National Biological Services, Laurel, MD (United States); Bennetts, R.E. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1997-05-01

70

Assessment of Toxic Metals and feed habits of the snail Pomacea specie from the Amatitlan Lake  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the present thesis an assesment of cadmium, cooper, cromium VI, and lead was made in samples of snail pomacea specie from the Amatitlan Lake. We conclude that the comsuption of this mollusk is toxic for human health. The concentration of heavy metals like cadmium, cooper shows that are not recomended for human comsuption according to Spanish and FAO/PAHO standards

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Karyological and electrophoretic differences between Pomacea flagellata and P. patula catemacensis: Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: English Abstract in english The widespread Mexican apple snail Pomacea flagellata (Say 1827) and the strictly endemic "tegogolo" P. patula catemacensis (Baker 1922) (restricted to Lake Catemaco), are the only known American Ampullariidae that have haploid complements n=13. Pomacea patula catemacensis has suffered a critical re [...] duction in abundance due to immoderate fishing for human consumption. Chromosome slides were obtained from colchicine-injected Pomacea snails collected from nine locations along the coastal zone of the Gulf of Mexico, including Lake Catemaco, for use in principal component analysis (PCA). Total proteins in foot homogenates were analyzed through isoelectric focusing (IEF) and native-PAGE electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels. The chromosome number 2n=26 was confirmed for snails from all locations, with a uniform 9 m + 4 sm formula. However, P. patula catemacensis showed significantly larger chromosomes (absolute size) than any population of P. flagellata. Pomacea patula catemacensis also differed from all populations of P. flagellata in a PCA with standardized data, i.e., independently of the absolute size difference between species. Proteins with an acid isoelectric point were dominant in the foot of both species. The electrophoresis analysis showed that P. flagellata has 17 protein bands, with an upper bound at IEF=7.6, while P. patula catemacensis has only 15 bands, with an upper bound at IEF=7 and a more evenly spaced band pattern. Molecular weights ranged from 40 to approximately 130 kDa in both species. Proteins with high values (>94 kDa) were the most abundant. Pomacea patula catemacensis showed a band of 93 kDa, which was absent from all specimens of P. flagellata. Samples of P. flagellata did not cluster according to any geographical pattern in the statistical analyses, nor did they show any taxonomically useful differences in their electrophoretic patterns that merit sub-specific discrimination.

María Esther, Diupotex-Chong; Néstor J, Cazzaniga; Manuel, Uribe-Alcocer.

2007-12-01

72

Alguns dados bioecológicos de Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856, predador-competidor de hospedeiros intermediários de Schistosoma mansoni Sambon, 1907 Some bioecological data regarding Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856 predator-competitor of intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni Sambon, 1907  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Foram feitas observações no laboratório e no campo, em Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil, com a finalidade de se obter informações biológicas e ecológicas sobre Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856, molusco pilídeo, competidor-predador de hospedeiros intermediários de Schistosoma mansoni Sambon 1907.Observations carried out in the laboratory and the field (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil offered the following biological and ecological informations Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1853, mollusk pilid, predator and competitor of Schistosoma mansoni intermediary host.

Roberto Milward-de-Andrade

1978-03-01

73

PROCESSAMENTO E AVALIAÇÃO SENSORIAL DA CARNE DOS MOLUSCOS ESCARGOT (Achatina fulica) E ARUÁ (Pomacea lineata)  

OpenAIRE

O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar sensorialmente os produtos do processamento da carne dos moluscos escargot (Achatina fulica) e aruá (Pomacea lineata). Foram realizados dois processamentos em conserva (enlatado): triturada e defumada. Na avaliação sensorial da carne triturada observou-se diferença significativa entre os produtos, favorável ao escargot com valor médio de aceitação igual a 5,35 e 4,76 para o aruá. Para os produtos ...

Barboza, S. H. R.; Costa, D. P. S.; Romanelli, P. F.

2009-01-01

74

Gender-based differences in Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) movements  

Science.gov (United States)

Gastropod movements have been studied in the context of habitat selection, finding food and mates, and avoiding predation. Many of these studies were conducted in the laboratory, where constraints on spatial scale influence behavior. We conducted a field study of Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) movements using telemetry. We hypothesized that Florida apple snail movements were driven by reproductive activity, and that gender differences would be evident. We documented male and female directions and distances traveled. We also conducted a trapping study that included conspecific bait to test if the presence of females attracted more males as measured by M:F ratios in traps. The greatest distances traveled were by males, and males were more likely to maintain a consistent bearing compared to females. Male distances peaked in what typically corresponds to peak breeding season. M:F ratios in traps were positively associated with reproductive activity in the study population as measured by egg cluster counts. Conspecific bait had no effect on the number of males or females captured. However, if a female crawled into the trap, we observed greater numbers of males compared to those with no trapped females. Males may have tracked females to increase mating encounters, following slime trails, as seen in other aquatic (including other Pomacea) snails. The capacity for mate finding has implications for reproductive success in the relatively low density populations often seen for Pomacea paludosa.

Valentine-Darby, P. L.; Darby, P.C.; Percival, H.F.

2011-01-01

75

Phytotoxic, antifungal activities and acute toxicity studies of the crude extract and compounds from Diospyros canaliculata.  

Science.gov (United States)

In vitro biological activities including phytotoxic, antifungal activities as well as acute toxicity of the methanol extract, fractions and/or isolated compounds from the stem bark of Diospyros canaliculata were investigated. Well agar diffusion and macrodilution assays were used for investigating the antifungal activity. A phytotoxicity assay was performed against Lemna minor while an acute toxicity assay was performed in mice via oral administration. As a result, plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphtoquinone) and two known pentacyclic triterpenes (lupeol and lupenone) were isolated from the extract. With regards the antifungal activities, the inhibition zones varied from 16.51 to 24.86 mm and from 20.50 to 25.10 mm for the extract and plumbagin, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the extract and plumbagin ranged between 12.5-25 and 0.78-1.56 µg mL(-1), respectively. At 50 µg mL(-1), the hexane fraction showed phytotoxic activities similar to paraquat, the standard phytotoxic inhibitor. The extract was found to be non-toxic to mice after administration per os. Based on the current findings, we can conclude that this extract is non toxic, with significant phytotoxic and antifungal properties due to the presence of plumbagin. PMID:21462073

Dzoyem, J P; Kechia, F A; Kuete, V; Pieme, A C; Akak, C M; Tangmouo, J G; Lohoue, P J

2011-04-01

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Redescription of Temnocephala iheringi (Platyhelminthes: Temnocephalida) based on specimens from Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Ampullariidae) of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: the possible type host and type locality  

OpenAIRE

The original description of Temnocephala iheringi Haswell, 1893 was based on specimens collected by Hermann von Ihering from undetermined ampullariid apple snails, which at that time were identified as Ampullaria sp., and sent to William H. Haswell, with the type locality simply indicated as Brazil. The type specimens studied by Haswell were not found in the scientific collections of Brazil, Europe or Australia, and should be considered lost. In 1941, Pereira & Cuocolo collected specimens fro...

Seixas, Samantha A.; Amato, Jose? F. R.; Amato, Suzana B.

2010-01-01

77

Use of Apple Snails (Pomacea canaliculata as a Source of Fatty Acids in Feed Towards the Performance, Blood Cholesterol and Cholesterol Levels in Alabio Duck (Anas platyrhinchos borneo Meat and Eggs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research was conducted to evaluate apple snails as a source of fatty acids in Alabio duck feed. There are 180 female Alabio ducks, 22 weeks old, placed in 9 levels of using apple snails in feed R0 (control, R1 (2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed, R2 (5% swampy apple snails + basal feed, R3 (7.5%, 2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed, R4 (10% swampy apple snails + basal feed, R5 (2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed, R6 (5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed, R7 (7.5%, 2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed and R8 (10% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed, which are arranged based on a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The variables that are measured were carcass weight, feed conversion, egg production, blood cholesterol profile (triglycerides, LDL, HDL and cholesterol, as well as meat and egg cholesterol. The research results reveal that using apple snails in Alabio duck feed has increase significantly (p0.05 was observed towards carcass weight, abdominal fat, triglycerides, HDL and blood cholesterol. A subsequent test is done with a Duncan Multiple Range Test to show that using at least 5% of swampy apple snails produce the highest egg production with the lowest meat and egg cholesterol levels.

Ahmad Subhan

2014-01-01

78

Adiciones a los Gastropoda del mar peruano / Additions to Gastropoda from the Peruvian sea  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se reportan por primera vez para el mar peruano seis especies de gasterópodos: Sthenorytis turbinus Dall, 1908, Crucibulum (Crucibulum) umbrella (Deshayes, 1830), Favartia (Murexiella) lappa (Broderip,1833), Cantharus (Cantharus) shaskyi Berry, 1959, Cantharus (Solenosteira) macrospira (Berry, 1957) [...] , Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) haemastoma Sowerby, 1832. Se informa sobre la distribución, el hábitat y comentarios relevantes acerca de cada una de las especies. Abstract in english The following species of Gastropoda are recorded for the first time for Peruvian waters: Sthenorytis turbinus Dall, 1908, Crucibulum (Crucibulum) umbrella (Deshayes, 1830), Favartia (Murexiella) lappa (Broderip,1833), Cantharus (Cantharus) shaskyi Berry, 1959, Cantharus (Solenosteira) macrospira (Be [...] rry, 1957), Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) haemastoma Sowerby, 1832.

Carlos, Paredes; Franz, Cardoso; Paul, Baltazar; Katherine, Altamirano; Patricia, Carbajal.

2011-04-01

79

PROCESSAMENTO E AVALIAÇÃO SENSORIAL DA CARNE DOS MOLUSCOS ESCARGOT (Achatina fulica E ARUÁ (Pomacea lineata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar sensorialmente os produtos do processamento da carne dos moluscos escargot (Achatina fulica e aruá (Pomacea lineata. Foram realizados dois processamentos em conserva (enlatado: triturada e defumada. Na avaliação sensorial da carne triturada observou-se diferença significativa entre os produtos, favorável ao escargot com valor médio de aceitação igual a 5,35 e 4,76 para o aruá. Para os produtos elaborados defumados observou-se uma aceitação igual para as duas espécies (escargot = 4,82 e aruá = 4,49. Esses resultados de aceitação nos permitem admitir que os produtos são tecnicamente e sensorialmente viáveis para consumo (aceitação acima de 60% para os dois casos, mas com tendências ligeiramente favoráveis de preferência para os produtos elaborados com carne de escargot.

S. H. R. BARBOZA

2009-01-01

80

Dry down impacts on apple snail (Pomacea paludosa) demography: Implications for wetland water management  

Science.gov (United States)

Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa Say) are prey for several wetland-dependent predators, most notably for the endangered Florida snail kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis Vieillot). Management concerns for kites have been raised regarding the impacts of wetland dry downs on snails, but little data exists to validate these concerns. We simulated drying events in experimental tanks, where we observed that snail survival patterns, regardless of hydrology, were driven by a post-reproductive die off. In contrast to earlier reports of little to no dry down tolerance, we found that 70% of pre-reproductive adult-sized snails survived a 12-week dry down. Smaller size classes of snails exhibited significantly lower survival rates (apple snail populations, and illustrate why multiple characteristics of dry down events should be considered in developing target hydrologic regimes for wetland fauna. ?? 2008, The Society of Wetland Scientists.

Darby, P.C.; Bennetts, R.E.; Percival, H.F.

2008-01-01

81

Count Your Eggs Before They Invade: Identifying and Quantifying Egg Clutches of Two Invasive Apple Snail Species (Pomacea)  

OpenAIRE

Winning the war against invasive species requires early detection of invasions. Compared to terrestrial invaders, aquatic species often thrive undetected under water and do not garner notice until too late for early action. However, fortunately for managers, apple snails (Family Ampullariidae, Genus Pomacea) provide their own conspicuous sign of invasion in the form of vibrantly colored egg clutches. Managers can potentially use egg clutches laid in the riparian zone as a means of early detec...

Kyle, Colin H.; Plantz, Allyson L.; Shelton, Therese; Burks, Romi L.

2013-01-01

82

Algumas observações de laboratório sobre biologia e ecologia de Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856  

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Full Text Available Observações de laboratório sobre o pilideo Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856 competidor-predador de planorbineos hospedeiros intermediários da esquistossomose mansoni mostraram que: Machos e fêmeas atingem maturidade sexual após um ano de idade, copulando preferencialmente pela manhã e ovipondo à noite. O tempo gasto nestes atos é variável; no caso da oviposição ele depende do número de ovos a serem postos. Os ovos são arredondados, com diâmetro médio de 3mm e coloração rósea que vai se alterando à medida que os embriões se desenvolvem. Com um período de incubaçãod e 15 a 23 dias, condicionado pela temperatura ambiente, eles resistem até 5 a 6 dias imersos em água sem danos aos embriões; independem de luz para eclodir. Os exemplares recém-eclodido têm, em média, 2,4 por 1,7mm de altura e diâmetro, respectivamente. Criados em isolamento crescem e sobrevivem mais que quando criados em grupo. Resistem pelo menos 90 dias fora d'água, mantendo-se neste período dentro das conchas, com o opérculo hermeticamente fechado, em anidrobiose. Nesta fase, podem morrer por ataque de larvas de dípteros.Laboratory observation on the pilid Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856, competitor and predator of Manson's schistosomiasis intermediate hosts, have shown that: Males and females reach sexual maturity after one year, copulating preferably in the morning and laying eggs at night. The time spent in these acts is variable; in the case of egglaying it depends on the number of eggs to be laid. The eggs are round, about 3mm in diameter, and have a pink color that changes with the development of the embryos. With an average incubation time of 15 to 23 days and conditioned by the temperature of the environment, they resist for 5 to 6 days immersed in water without damage to th embryos and they do not need light to hatch. The newly-hatched specimens have about 2.4 x 1,7 mm of height and diameter, respectively. The specimens bred alone grow more and survive better that when in a group. They resist for at least 90 days when left dry, remaining during this period enclosed in the shell, with the operculum hermetically closed, in hydrobiosis. In this phase, death by attack of diptera-larvae may occur.

Carlos Tito Guimarães

1981-03-01

83

DIVERSITAS DAN KERAPATAN MANGROVE, GASTROPODA DAN BIVALVIA DI ESTUARI PERANCAK, BALI  

OpenAIRE

Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan diversitas dan kerapatan mangrove dengan kepadatan gastropoda dan bivalvia di mangrove alami dan rehabilitasi. Pengukuran ekosistem mangrove menggunakan transek kuadrat 10 m x 10 m. Kelimpahan dan kepadatan gastropoda dan bialvia menggunakan transek kuadrat berukuran 1 m x 1 m. Analisis nMDS, cluster untuk melihat hubungan karekteristik mangrove alami dan rehabilitasi dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analisis regresi untuk mendetermi...

Susiana; Ali, Syamsu Alam; Rukminasari, Nita

2011-01-01

84

Ocorrência de Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae, hospedeiro intermediário da Fasciola hepatica, para o Estado da Paraíba, Brasil Occurrence of Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae, first intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, for the state of Paraíba, Brazil  

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Full Text Available Foi registrada a ocorrência de Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae, primeiro hospedeiro intermediário da Fasciola hepatica, para o Estado da Paraíba, Brasil, associado a macrófitas aquáticas.The occurrence of Lymnaea Columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae, first intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, is recorded for the first time in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, associeted with aquatic macrophytes.

Francisco José Pegado Abílio

1998-04-01

85

Ocorrência de Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), hospedeiro intermediário da Fasciola hepatica, para o Estado da Paraíba, Brasil Occurrence of Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), first intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, for the state of Paraíba, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Foi registrada a ocorrência de Lymnaea columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), primeiro hospedeiro intermediário da Fasciola hepatica, para o Estado da Paraíba, Brasil, associado a macrófitas aquáticas.The occurrence of Lymnaea Columella (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae), first intermediate host of Fasciola hepatica, is recorded for the first time in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, associeted with aquatic macrophytes.

Francisco José Pegado Abílio; Takako Watanabe

1998-01-01

86

PROCESSAMENTO E AVALIAÇÃO SENSORIAL DA CARNE DOS MOLUSCOS ESCARGOT (Achatina fulica) E ARUÁ (Pomacea lineata)  

OpenAIRE

O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de avaliar sensorialmente os produtos do processamento da carne dos moluscos escargot (Achatina fulica) e aruá (Pomacea lineata). Foram realizados dois processamentos em conserva (enlatado): triturada e defumada. Na avaliação sensorial da carne triturada observou-se diferença significativa entre os produtos, favorável ao escargot com valor médio de aceitação igual a 5,35 e 4,76 para o aruá....

Barboza, S. H. R.; Costa, D. P. S.; Romanelli, P. F.

2009-01-01

87

Babosas terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la Región de Murcia (SE España)  

OpenAIRE

Terrestrial slugs (Mollusca, Gastropoda) from Murcia (SE Spain) This study examines the few citations about terrestrial slugs from Murcia (SE Spain) and adds data from our own surveys. We provide a systematic checklist of the species of terrestrial slugs known from Murcia (SE Spain) and comment on the most significant species: Deroceras nitidum, Arion gilvus and A. lusitanicus s. l.

Borreda?, V.; Marti?nez–orti?, A.

2014-01-01

88

Babosas terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda de la Región de Murcia (SE España  

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Full Text Available Terrestrial slugs (Mollusca, Gastropoda from Murcia (SE Spain This study examines the few citations about terrestrial slugs from Murcia (SE Spain and adds data from our own surveys. We provide a systematic checklist of the species of terrestrial slugs known from Murcia (SE Spain and comment on the most significant species: Deroceras nitidum, Arion gilvus and A. lusitanicus s. l.

Borredà, V.

2014-09-01

89

Algumas observações de campo sobre biologia e ecologia de Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856) (Mollusca, Pilidae) / Some field observation on biology and ecology of Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856) (Mollusca, Pilidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Algumas observações de campo sobre o pilídeo Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856), predador-competidor de planorbíneos hospedeiros intermediários da esquistossomose mansoni mostraram que: Cópula e oviposição são realizadas, preferencialmente, à noite e de madrugada. As desovas - cujas dimensões e formas d [...] ependem do número de ovos e tipos dos suportes - sao ovipostas, na maioria das vezes, de 6 a 10 cm acima do nível da água eclodindo após 9 a 30 dias de incubação; o número médio de ovos por desova foi de 236. A alimentação habitual deste molusco consiste de algas confervóides, além de vegetais aquáticos natantes e submersos; entretanto, e comum a utilização de outros materiais como alimento.Tem como habitat a zona marginal mais rasa das coleções hídricas onde e encontrado, predominando, aparentemente, nos ambientes lênticos. A distribuição espacial esta condicionada por determinadas características dos biótopos. Algumas aves aquáticas - anatídeos, ralídeos, etc.- revelaram-se importantes inimigos naturais, atacando além das desovas exemplares jovens e adultos; em determinadas condições podem constituir fator impeditivo da implantação e colonização de novos biótopos. Abstract in english Some field observations on the pilid Pomacea haustrum (Reeve, 1856), predator-competitor of schistosomiasis mansoni planorbid intermediate hosts have shown that: Copula and oviposition are preferably carried out at night or at dawn. Eggmasses - whose dimension and shape depend on the number of eggs [...] and types of supports - are often laid from 6 to 10 com above the water level and hatched 9 to 30 days after incubation; the average number of eggs/egg-mass was 236. Habitual food consist of confervoid algae, besides natant and submerged aquatic vegetation; it is common, however, the utilization of the other material as food. Its habitat is the shallower marginal zone of hidric collections, predominatly in lentic surrounding. Its spacial distribution is conditioned to the biotipe special characteristics. Some aquatic birds - anatid, ralid, etc. - reveal important natural enemies, attacking both young and adult specimens, besides the egg-masses; under certain conditions they may be an impedictive factor to the establishment and colonization of this pilid in new biotopes.

Carlos Tito, Guimarães.

1981-12-01

90

Applying weight gain in Pomacea lineata (Spix 1824) (Mollusca: Prosobranchia) as a measure of herbicide toxicity / Aplicando o ganho de peso em Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1824) (Mollusca: Prosobranchia) como uma medida de toxicidade a herbicida  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Pomacea lineata, um molusco amplamente distribuído e considerado como peste em plantações de arroz no Oriente, pode ser considerado como um valioso recurso para monitorar a qualidade da água no Nordeste do Brasil. Neste trabalho, apresentamos dados que demonstram que o incremento de peso em moluscos [...] neonatos é uma medida consistente que responde eficientemente ao estresse imposto por concentrações tóxicas subletais dos herbicidas Paraquat e Round-up. Os resultados de crescimento para avaliar a toxicidade crônica foram obtidos em experimentos de quatro e quatro, oito, doze e dezesseis dias para Paraquat e Round-up, respectivamente. A maior concentração de efeito não observado (NOEC) e a menor concentração de efeito observado (LOEC) para Paraquat, após 96 horas, foram respectivamente de 0,12 e 0,25 mg/L. Para o Round-up, os valores de NOEC e LOEC estimados foram respectivamente de 0,25 e 0,5 mg/L. Todas as concentrações de Round-up testadas após 192 horas de exposição provocaram diminuições nas taxas de crescimento, sendo significativamente diferentes do controle. Conseqüentemente não pode ser estimado o valor de NOEC. O valor de LOEC foi menor do que 0,12 mg/L. Além disso, não houve nenhuma mortalidade durante o teste. Por conseguinte, nenhum NOEC pôde ser derivado e o LOEC era Abstract in english Pomacea lineata, an extremely ubiquitous snail and pest to rice farmers throughout Asia, holds promise as a valuable resource for monitoring water quality in northeast Brazil. In this paper, we present data demonstrating the rate of weight gain in P. lineata neonates as a consistent measure of the s [...] tress imposed by sublethal concentrations of the herbicides Paraquat and Round-up. Our secondary agenda is to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating bioassay into the standard municipal and state procedure of monitoring water quality. Growth data to assess chronic toxicity were generated in experiments of four and four, eight, twelve and sixteen days for Paraquat and Round-up, respectively. We estimated a 96 h no observed effect concentration (NOEC) and lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) for Paraquat of 0.12 and 0.25 mg/L. The 96 h Round-up data yielded NOEC and LOEC values, respectively, of 0.25 and 0.5 mg/L. All concentrations of Round-up tested for the 192 h exposure yielded significantly lower growth than the control. Consequently, no NOEC could be derived. The LOEC was

R. A., Coler; R. R., Coler; E. K. G., Felizardo; T., Watanabe.

2005-11-01

91

Molecular phylogenetics of Triculine snails (Gastropoda: Pomatiopsidae) from southern China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Triculine (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Pomatiopsidae) snails are involved in the transmission of schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis; their distributions are mainly across southeastern Asia and southern China. In the present investigation, partial sequences of COI, 16S, and 28S were examined to infer the phylogenetic relationships among the species rich and poorly understood gastropod. Samples were collected from 12 geographic locations in six provinces of southern China. Several methods such as maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and distance analysis were used in phylogenetic analyses among these taxa. The resultant phylogenetic trees showed a similar topology irrespective of the phylogenetic methods used. The taxa fell into two clades, with those from Fujian, Guangxi, and Zhejiang Provinces in one clade and those from Hunan, Sichuan and Hubei in the other. Among the taxa in Hubei Province, five formed a monophyletic clade, but Tricula sp. H-SHY fell into a sister clade of Tricula hortensis of Sichuan, whilst Tricula hongshanensis formed a single clade. Sister taxa Tricula pingi and Tricula hsiangi formed well-supported clade within almost all the trees. These results, while preliminary, represent the first attempt to reconstruct a phylogeny for Triculinae across China. PMID:18502667

Guan, Fei; Niu, An-Ou; Attwood, Stephen W; Li, Yong-Long; Zhang, Bo; Zhu, Yan-Hong

2008-08-01

92

Avaliação da toxicidade aguda, efeitos citotóxico e espasmolítico de Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda) / Evaluation of the acute toxicity, cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects of Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pomacea sp. e sua desova têm uso popular para tratar diarréia e doenças respiratórias. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a toxicidade aguda e os efeitos citotóxico e espasmolítico dos liófilos de Pomacea lineata e de sua desova. Os liófilos não apresentaram toxicidade aguda (até 2 g/kg v.o.) ou efeito [...] citotóxico (até 1 mg/mL). P. lineata relaxou a traquéia pré-contraída com CCh na presença (Emax = 48,8 ± 6,4%) e na ausência (Emax = 47,3 ± 9,1%) de epitélio, já a desova relaxou apenas na presença (Emax = 36,3 ± 2,5%) de epitélio. Os liófilos foram ineficazes sobre o tônus espontâneo da traquéia. P. lineata foi mais potente em inibir as contrações do íleo induzidas por ACh (logCI50 = 2,5 ± 0,04 µg/mL) que por hist. (logCI50 = 2,7 ± 0,04 µg/mL). A desova inibiu igualmente as contrações induzidas por ACh (logCI50 = 2,5 ± 0,02 µg/mL) e hist. (logCI50 = 2,5 ± 0,06 µg/mL). P. lineata foi mais potente em relaxar o íleo pré-contraído com ACh (logCE50 = 1,7 ± 0,12 µg/mL) do que com KCl (logCE50 = 2,4 ± 0,06 µg/mL) ou hist. (logCE50 = 2,2 ± 0,18 µg/mL). A desova relaxou equipotentemente o íleo pré-contraído com KCl (logCE50 = 2,3 ± 0,15 µg/mL), ACh (logCE50 = 1,9 ± 0,14 µg/mL) ou hist. (logCE50 = 2,2 ± 0,16 µg/mL), sugerindo um bloqueio dos CaV. P. lineata e sua desova apresentam efeito espasmolítico justificando a sua utilização no tratamento de diarréia e de doenças respiratórias. Abstract in english Pomacea sp. and its eggs are used against diarrhea and respiratory diseases in folk medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate acute toxicity, cytotoxic and spasmolytic activity of lyophilized Pomacea lineata and its eggs. P. lineata and its eggs present no acute toxicity (until 2 g/kg p.o.) [...] or cytotoxic effect (until 1 mg/mL). P. lineata and its eggs have no effect on guinea-pig trachea spontaneous tonus. P. lineata relaxed trachea pre-contracted with CCh in the presence (Emax = 48.8 ± 6,4 %) and absence (Emax = 47.3 ± 9,1 %) of epithelium, the eggs relaxed only in the presence (Emax = 36.3 ± 2.5 %) P. lineata was more potent to inhibit contractions induced by ACh (logIC50 = 2.5 ± 0.04 µg/mL) than histamine (logIC50 = 2.7 ± 0.04 µg/mL). The eggs inhibited contractions induced by ACh (logIC50 = 2.5 ± 0.02 µg/mL) and histamine (logIC50 = 2.5 ± 0.06 µg/mL) in a non-selective manner. P. lineata was more potent in relax ileum pre-contracted with ACh (logEC50 = 1.7 ± 0.12 µg/mL) than KCl (logEC50 = 2.4 ± 0.06 µg/mL) or histamine (logEC50 = 2.2 ± 0.18 µg/mL). The eggs were equipotent in relax ileum pre-contracted with of KCl (logEC50 = 2.3 ± 0.15 µg/mL), ACh (logEC50 = 1.9 ± 0.14 µg/mL) or histamine (logEC50 = 2.2 ± 0.16 µg/mL), that is suggestive of the blockade of the voltage-operated calcium channels. Collectively, the results validate folk use of P. lineata and its eggs to treat diarrhea and respiratory diseases.

Hilzeth L.F., Pessôa; Rita C.M., Oliveira; Joelmir L.V., Silva; Rosimeire F., Santos; José C., Duarte; Maria J.C., Costa; Bagnólia A., Silva.

2007-03-01

93

Efecto de la depuración en la biomasa del caracol Pomacea patula [Baker, 1922] usando el índice de condición  

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Full Text Available La depuración de organismos acuáticos en cultivo es una práctica común. El tiempo de exposición de los animales al agua tratada es uno de los factores más importantes para su eficiencia, pudiendo afectar su biomasa. Se evaluó el efecto de la depuración en adultos de Pomacea patula mediante la aplicación del índice de condición (IC, bajo condiciones de laboratorio. Caracoles adultos obtenidos en cultivo se mantuvieron en peceras (Grupo 1 expuestos a un flujo de agua constante, tratada con radiación ultravioleta y limpieza diaria y en condiciones normales de mantenimiento (Grupo 2, con 5 réplicas por grupo. Se obtuvo el peso húmedo y longitud total individualmente, al inicio y después de una depuración de 10 días. El valor promedio del coeficiente de correlación (animales iniciales y de los Grupos 1 y 2 fue mayor a 0.90. El IC entre el valor inicial (771.81 ± 40.41 y los Grupos 1 y 2 (763.527 ± 25.24 y 765.465 ± 38.59, respectivamente, no mostró diferencias significativas (P > 0.05 al final del experimento. Los resultados sugieren que el proceso de depuración usado no afectó la biomasa de adultos de P. patula. El IC se mostró como una herramienta práctica de evaluación sin considerar la diferencia inicial de tallas de caracoles adultos

M. Garc\\u00EDa-Ulloa

2006-01-01

94

Microanatomía e Histología del Complejo Peniano de Stenophysa Marmorata (Guilding, 1828) (Gastropoda Basommatophora Physidae)  

OpenAIRE

Se describen la microanatomía y la histología del complejo peniano de Stenophysa marmorata (Guilding, 1828) (Gastropoda Basommatophora Physidae) de ejemplares provenientes de Punta Lara (34° 49' S - 57° 59' W) -Ensenada, Buenos Aires, Argentina-, en base a resultados obtenidos mediante técnicas histológicas usuales. El penis presenta rasgos de convergencia con aquellos de algunos Planorbidae: abertura lateral del ducto deferente y apéndice digitiforme apical, conservando la función in...

Miquel, Sergio Eduardo

2011-01-01

95

New taxa of terrestrial molluscs from Turkey (Gastropoda, Pristilomatidae, Enidae, Hygromiidae, Helicidae  

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Full Text Available This paper reports on results of several collecting trips of the authors in Turkey. In the course of this research, a long-lasting question was addressed. It could be proven that the nominal species Bulimus frivaldskyi L. Pfeiffer, 1847 is closely related to Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, and thus this species is shifted from the genus Ena Turton, 1831, to the genus Meijeriella Bank, 1985. Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, could be recorded from Turkey for the first time. The nomenclatural situation of the species Euchondrus septemdentatus (Roth, 1839 vs. its replacement name Euchondrus borealis (Mousson, 1874 is discussed. A new arrangement of the species formely comprised in the genus Zebrina Held, 1837 is presented, and the genera Rhabdoena Kobelt & Moellendorff, 1902, and Leucomastus A. Wagner, 1927 are re-established. The following species and subspecies new to science could be described: Vitrea gostelii sp. n. (Pristilomatidae, Turanena demirsoyi sp. n., Euchondrus paucidentatus sp. n., Rhabdoena gostelii sp. n. (all Enidae, Metafruticicola kizildagensis sp. n. (Hygromiidae, and Assyriella thospitis menkhorsti ssp. n. (Helicidae. For several other species, new distribution records are listed.

Burçin Gümüs

2012-02-01

96

Trophic relationships between macroinvertebrates and fish in a pampean lowland stream (Argentina Relaciones tróficas entre los macroinvertebrados y peces en un arroyo de la llanura pampeana (Argentina  

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Full Text Available The diet and trophic relationships between the macroinvertebrates Phyllogomphoides joaquini Rodrigues Capítulo, 1992 and Coenagrionidae (Odonata, Chironomidae (Diptera, Diplodon delodontus (Lamarck, 1919 (Bivalvia: Hyriidae, and Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 (Gastropoda: Ampulariidae and the fishes Pimelodella laticeps Eigenmann, 1917 (Heptapteridae and Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887 (Characidae in a temperate lowland lotic system in Argentina were assessed on the basis of gut contents and stable-isotope analyses. The feeding strategies were analyzed by the AMUNDSEN method. Relative food items contribution for the taxa studied indicated a generalist-type trophic strategy. In macroinvertebrates, in general, the values of stable isotope confirmed the result of the analysis of gut contents. With the fish, stable-isotope analysis demonstrated that both species are predators, although B. iheringii exhibited a more omnivorous behaviour. These feeding studies allowed us to determine the trophic relationships among taxa studied. Detritus and diatoms were a principal source of food for all the macroinvertebrates studied. In La Choza stream the particulate organic matter is a major no limited food resource, has a significant influence upon the community.Se evaluó la dieta y las relaciones tróficas entre los macroinvertebrados Phyllogomphoides joaquini Rodrigues Capítulo, 1992 y Coenagrionidae (Odonata, Chironomidae (Diptera, Diplodon delodontus (Lamarck, 1919 (Bivalvia: Hyriidae, Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 (Gastropoda: Ampulariidae y los peces Pimelodella laticeps Eigenmann, 1917 (Heptapteridae y Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887 (Characidae en un ecosistema lótico pampásico, sobre la base del contenido estomacal y el análisis de isótopos estables. La estrategia alimentaria fue analizada mediante el método de AMUNDSEN. La contribución relativa de cada categoría alimenticia para los taxa estudiados indicó que la estrategia predominante fue de tipo generalista. En general, en los macroinvertebrados, los valores de los isótopos estables confirmaron los resultados obtenidos por el análisis del contenido estomacal. En los peces, los isótopos estables demostraron que ambas especies son depredadores, aunque B. iheringii tiene un comportamiento más omnívoro. Además, el estudio de la alimentación, nos permitió establecer las conexiones tróficas entre los taxa estudiados. La principal fuente de alimento para los macroinvertebrados estudiados fueron el detritus y las diatomeas. En el arroyo La Choza la materia orgánica particulada es una fuente de recursos ilimitada con influencia significativa en toda la comunidad.

María V. López van Oosterom

2013-03-01

97

Trophic relationships between macroinvertebrates and fish in a pampean lowland stream (Argentina) / Relaciones tróficas entre los macroinvertebrados y peces en un arroyo de la llanura pampeana (Argentina)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se evaluó la dieta y las relaciones tróficas entre los macroinvertebrados Phyllogomphoides joaquini Rodrigues Capítulo, 1992 y Coenagrionidae (Odonata), Chironomidae (Diptera), Diplodon delodontus (Lamarck, 1919) (Bivalvia: Hyriidae), Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Gastropoda: Ampulariidae) y [...] los peces Pimelodella laticeps Eigenmann, 1917 (Heptapteridae) y Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887) (Characidae) en un ecosistema lótico pampásico, sobre la base del contenido estomacal y el análisis de isótopos estables. La estrategia alimentaria fue analizada mediante el método de AMUNDSEN. La contribución relativa de cada categoría alimenticia para los taxa estudiados indicó que la estrategia predominante fue de tipo generalista. En general, en los macroinvertebrados, los valores de los isótopos estables confirmaron los resultados obtenidos por el análisis del contenido estomacal. En los peces, los isótopos estables demostraron que ambas especies son depredadores, aunque B. iheringii tiene un comportamiento más omnívoro. Además, el estudio de la alimentación, nos permitió establecer las conexiones tróficas entre los taxa estudiados. La principal fuente de alimento para los macroinvertebrados estudiados fueron el detritus y las diatomeas. En el arroyo La Choza la materia orgánica particulada es una fuente de recursos ilimitada con influencia significativa en toda la comunidad. Abstract in english The diet and trophic relationships between the macroinvertebrates Phyllogomphoides joaquini Rodrigues Capítulo, 1992 and Coenagrionidae (Odonata), Chironomidae (Diptera), Diplodon delodontus (Lamarck, 1919) (Bivalvia: Hyriidae), and Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Gastropoda: Ampulariidae) and [...] the fishes Pimelodella laticeps Eigenmann, 1917 (Heptapteridae) and Bryconamericus iheringii (Boulenger, 1887) (Characidae) in a temperate lowland lotic system in Argentina were assessed on the basis of gut contents and stable-isotope analyses. The feeding strategies were analyzed by the AMUNDSEN method. Relative food items contribution for the taxa studied indicated a generalist-type trophic strategy. In macroinvertebrates, in general, the values of stable isotope confirmed the result of the analysis of gut contents. With the fish, stable-isotope analysis demonstrated that both species are predators, although B. iheringii exhibited a more omnivorous behaviour. These feeding studies allowed us to determine the trophic relationships among taxa studied. Detritus and diatoms were a principal source of food for all the macroinvertebrates studied. In La Choza stream the particulate organic matter is a major no limited food resource, has a significant influence upon the community.

María V., López van Oosterom; Carolina S., Ocón; Florencia, Brancolini; Miriam E., Maroñas; Eduardo D., Sendra; Alberto, Rodrigues Capítulo.

2013-03-01

98

Izolované populace praménky Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857 (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae v okolí Prahy Isolated populations of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857 (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae in Prague surroundings (Czech Republic  

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Full Text Available This paper completes the knowledge of an occurrence of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857 (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae in surroundings of Prague – capital of the Czech Republic. However, this species is not rare in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, sites on north-western otskirts of Prague are isolated far from the main distribution area. Altogether, 63 sites potentially suitable for B. austriaca were investigated in this area, and occurrence of this species was confirmed in 11 of them. B. austriaca was found in springs, rivulets and small brooks, more numerous populations were found in springs. Historical occurrence data in this area were compared with results of research done in 2003, 2006 and 2010. Actual situation of this species in Prague surroundings is problematic and survival of some populations is not guaranteed.

Luboš Beran

2010-03-01

99

From sea to land and beyond – New insights into the evolution of euthyneuran Gastropoda (Mollusca  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Euthyneura are considered to be the most successful and diverse group of Gastropoda. Phylogenetically, they are riven with controversy. Previous morphology-based phylogenetic studies have been greatly hampered by rampant parallelism in morphological characters or by incomplete taxon sampling. Based on sequences of nuclear 18S rRNA and 28S rRNA as well as mitochondrial 16S rRNA and COI DNA from 56 taxa, we reconstructed the phylogeny of Euthyneura utilising Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian inference methods. The evolution of colonization of freshwater and terrestrial habitats by pulmonate Euthyneura, considered crucial in the evolution of this group of Gastropoda, is reconstructed with Bayesian approaches. Results We found several well supported clades within Euthyneura, however, we could not confirm the traditional classification, since Pulmonata are paraphyletic and Opistobranchia are either polyphyletic or paraphyletic with several clades clearly distinguishable. Sacoglossa appear separately from the rest of the Opisthobranchia as sister taxon to basal Pulmonata. Within Pulmonata, Basommatophora are paraphyletic and Hygrophila and Eupulmonata form monophyletic clades. Pyramidelloidea are placed within Euthyneura rendering the Euthyneura paraphyletic. Conclusion Based on the current phylogeny, it can be proposed for the first time that invasion of freshwater by Pulmonata is a unique evolutionary event and has taken place directly from the marine environment via an aquatic pathway. The origin of colonisation of terrestrial habitats is seeded in marginal zones and has probably occurred via estuaries or semi-terrestrial habitats such as mangroves.

Streit Bruno

2008-02-01

100

Crystallization in organo-mineral micro-domains in the crossed-lamellar layer of Nerita undata (Gastropoda, Neritopsina).  

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Crossed-lamellar shell microstructure consists of a sophisticated arrangement of interspersed lamellae, which is very commonly found in Gastropoda or Bivalvia shell layers. Its smallest constitutive microstructural units are usually described as sub-micrometric fibers, or rods, and form very ordered and regular patterns. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging confirms the presence of even smaller building units in the form of organo-mineral granules, and we further investigate their internal structure within aragonite crossed-lamellar internal layer of Nerita undata (Gastropoda, Neritopsina) shell. Their coalescence may have controlled anisotropically the propagation of the crystallographic coherence through this complex microstructure, as suggested by the propagation of the microtwinning pattern between neighboring granules. PMID:22178222

Nouet, Julius; Baronnet, Alain; Howard, Lauren

2012-02-01

101

Biogeographic and species richness patterns of Gastropoda on the southwestern Atlantic  

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Full Text Available Patterns of richness and biogeography of Gastropoda molluscs were determined based on lists of species from five sites along the southwestern Atlantic. The analysis of the distribution patterns of these sites confirmed the existence of a broader transition zone between southern Espírito Santo State (21°S and Rio Grande do Sul State (32°S. This zone is very heterogeneous, presenting a low endemism rate and a significant number of species common to the near provinces, and does not show enough consistency to be considered as an independent biogeographic province as proposed by Palacio (1980. Observing the distribution of species along the southwestern Atlantic we find an increase in the proportion of species with greatest latitudinal ranges (occurring from the tropics to Patagonia from lowest to highest latitudes, following Rappoport's rule.

FLOETER S. R.

1999-01-01

102

El género Lithotrochus Conrad (Gastropoda, Vetigastropoda) en el Jurásico temprano de Argentina / The Genus Lithotrochus Conrad (Gastropoda, Vetigastropoda) In The Early Jurassic Of Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El género Lithotrochus (Gastropoda, Trochidae) se distribuye en la cordillera de los Andes desde Perú hasta la Patagonia argentina, es endémico en la región y posee una corta distribución en el tiempo (Sinemuriano-Pliensbachiano). Lithotrochus humboldtii (von Buch) es una de las primeras especies de [...] gastrópodos mesozoicos descriptas para América del Sur. Casi todas las descripciones y figuras conocidas de la literatura de material asignable a Lithotrochus parecen pertenecer a esta única especie, aunque existen para ella al menos dos nombres disponibles que fueron creados por von Buch y d'Orbigny en el siglo XIX. Sin embargo, en el sur de la Cuenca Neuquina se ha reconocido una nueva especie asignable al género Lithotrochus (Lithotrochus rothi n. sp.), lo que ha obligado a enmendar su diagnosis. A pesar de que se encuentra en numerosas localidades, la distribución del género está restringida a depósitos de ambientes sublitorales, y se asocia a variadas faunas bentónicas en la cercanía de depósitos con corales coloniales. Un análisis detallado de la morfología de la conchilla de la especie tipo, prestando especial atención a la ontogenia, demuestra que hay un cambio de la tasa de traslación a lo largo del eje de enroscamiento con el crecimiento, y esto podría implicar una modificación de los hábitos de vida del organismo con el tiempo. Estos organismos eran probablemente herbívoros y habitaban sustratos firmes en aguas bien iluminadas y oxigenadas. Se ha podido observar que el labio columelar es liso, lo que indica posibles afinidades con la familia Trochidae s.l., aunque lamentablemente no se han hallado aún protoconchas ni opérculos que puedan ayudar a una discusión más fundamentada de sus relaciones. Abstract in english The genus Lithotrochus (Gastropoda, Trochidae) is known in the Andean region from northern Peru to Argentine Patagonia, is endemic to this area and has a short time range (Sinemurian- Pliensbachian). Lithotrochus humboldtii (von Buch) is one of the first Mesozoic gastropod species described for Sout [...] h America. Almost all previous descriptions and figures seem to belong to the type species, for which there are at least two available names proposed by von Buch and d'Orbigny during the 19th century. A new species has been recognized from southern Neuquén Basin and is described here (Lithotrochus rothi n. sp.). The generic diagnosis is emended accordingly. Although the genus was found in several localities, its distribution is limited to sublittoral deposits, associated to a varied benthonic fauna, in the vicinity of coralliferous facies. A detailed analysis of the shell morphology of the type species and its ontogeny shows that there is a change in the traslation rate along the coiling axis as the shell grows, which could be related to a change in the organism life habits with time. These were probably grazing herbivores inhabiting firm substrates in well-lit and oxygenated waters. The presence of a smooth columellar lip points to links with the Trochidae s.l., but unfortunately their relationships are difficult to establish, since no protoconchs or opercula were found so far.

Susana E., Damborenea; S. Mariel, Ferrari.

2008-03-30

103

Divergencia intraespecífica y código de barras de ADN en Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae) / Intraspecific divergence and DNA barcodes in Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El DNA barcoding es un análisis que se basa en la comparación de distancias genéticas para identificar especies utilizando principalmente un segmento del gen Citocromo C Oxidasa I (COI). Los retos para la identificación surgen al estudiar grupos que presentan gran diversidad genética como los molusc [...] os. Por ello, los objetivos de nuestra investigación fueron estimar la divergencia intraespecífica en el molusco terrestre amazónico Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae) y evaluar la utilización de los códigos de barras de ADN en la identificación molecular de esta especie. Las secuencias de nucleótidos fueron comparadas con las bases de datos Genbank y BOLD (Barcode of Life Data Systems). Se realizó un análisis de distancia genética mediante Neighbour Joining. Systrophia helicycloides presentó dos grupos de haplotipos con distancias genéticas intraespecíficas mayores a 4%. También se observó una superposición entre las distancias intraespecíficas y las interespecíficas. La gran divergencia intraespecífica puede estar relacionada a la rápida variación del genoma mitocondrial, la distribución poblacional de los moluscos la cual permite el aislamiento y diferenciación genética, y la presencia de polimorfismos ancestrales. Los perfiles COI enviados a la base de datos BOLD son los primeros registros para esta especie y permitieron diferenciar a Systrophia helicycloides de otras especies. Estos perfiles corroboran la gran variación que ocurre en el genoma mitocondrial de moluscos terrestres por lo que la asignación de especies en este grupo precisa de la combinación entre los valores de divergencia genética, la evaluación de sitios informativos y los estudios de taxonomía convencional. Abstract in english DNA barcoding analysis is based on the comparison of genetic distances to identify species using a segment of Cytochrome C Oxidase I (COI) gene. Species identification through DNA barcoding challenges problems in groups with high genetic diversity as molluscs. Thus, our aim was to estimate intraspec [...] ific divergence in the Amazonian land snail Systrophia helicycloides (Gastropoda, Scolodontidae) and evaluate the use of DNA barcoding in molecular identification of this land snail. Nucleotide sequences were compared with Genbank and BOLD (Barcode of Life Data Systems) databases. We conducted distance analyses using the Neighbour Joining method. Systrophia helicycloides showed two groups of haplotypes and intraspecific genetic distances higher than 4%. We observed an overlap between intraspecific and interspecific distances. The high divergence may be related to rapid mutation rate in the snail mitochondrial genome, to population distribution that influences genetic isolation and differentiation, and to ancestral DNA polymorphisms. COI profiles uploaded in BOLD are the first records of this species and can identify Systrophia helcycloides from other species. These profiles corroborated the high variation in the land snail genome. Therefore, species identification in this group needs a combined analysis of genetic distances, informative sites, and conventional taxonomy.

Pedro, Romero; Rina, Ramírez.

2011-08-01

104

Les pêcheries de buccin (Buccinum undatum L. : Gastropoda) du Golfe Normand-Breton. Eléments de gestion de la ressource  

OpenAIRE

Les pêcheries de buccin (Buccinum undatum L. : Gastropoda) du Golfe normand-breton se développent rapidement depuis une dizaine d'années. En 1983, 35 caseyeurs et 14 doris du port de Granville et de la station maritime de Blainville ont débarqué 3 900 tonnes de buccins (7.5 millions de francs). En dépit d'une forte diminution de la rentabilité, le nombre d'exploitants est encore en progression. L'objectif de cette étude est de fournir des éléments de décision pour la gestion ratio...

Santarelli Chaurand, Leonardo

1985-01-01

105

Contribució a l’estudi dels mol·luscs terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda del Parc de la Serralada Litoral (Barcelona  

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Full Text Available Contribution to the study of terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda Serralada LitoralPark (BarcelonaThe population of molluscs in Serralada Litoral Park (Barcelona, NE Iberian peninsula was assessed, contributing to the conservation plan. A wildlife inventory was conducted based on fieldwork and literature. Gastropod communities in various natural environments and conchological species of interest for conservation are also described. Several environmental aspects that determine the distribution and abundance of snails are discussed and management measures to meet their ecological requirements are suggested.

Bros, V.

2013-01-01

106

The complete mitochondrial genome of the mudsnail Cipangopaludina cathayensis (Gastropoda: Viviparidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract We present the complete mitochondrial genome of Cipangopaludina cathayensis in this study. The mitochondrial genome is 17,157?bp in length, containing 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes. All of them are encoded on the heavy strand except 7 tRNA genes on the light strand. Overall nucleotide compositions of the light strand are 44.51% of A, 26.74% of T, 20.48% of C and 8.28% of G. All the protein-coding genes start with ATG initiation codon except ATP6 with ATA and ND4 with TTG, and 2 types of termination codons are TAA (ATP6, ND2, COX1, COX2, ATP8, ND1, ND6, Cytb, COX3, ND4) and TAG (ND4L, ND5, ND3). There are 29 intergenic spacers and 5 gene overlaps. The tandem repeat sequences are observed in COX2, tRNA(Asp), ATP6, tRNA(Cys), S-rRNA, ND1, Cytb, ND4 and COX3 genes. Gene arrangement and distribution are different from the typical vertebrates. The absence of D-loop is consistent with the Gastropoda, but at least one lengthy non-coding region is essential regulatory element for the initiation of transcription and replication. PMID:25319293

Yang, Huirong; Zhang, Jia-En; Luo, Hao; Luo, Mingzhu; Guo, Jing; Deng, Zhixin; Zhao, Benliang

2014-10-16

107

Nanoindentations on conch shells of Gastropoda and Bivalvia molluscs reveal anisotropic evolution against external attacks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nanoindentation method has been used to explore, at the nanoscale, the mechanical properties of four different representative types of conch shells belonging to the two biggest classes of molluscs, Gastropoda and Bivalvia, in order to compare nanohardness and Young's modulus with respect to the microstructural anisotropic architectures. For the experimental tests a Nano Indenter XP (MTS Nano Instruments, Oak Ridge TN) has been used. The mechanical tests have been carried out on the inner and outer surfaces of the shells, as well as on their cross-section, near to the inner/outer surfaces and in the middle layer. The results confirm the three layered anisotropic architecture of the investigated conchs. On each of these 5 surfaces, 2 x 5 indentations have been performed at different maximum depth: from 250 nm to 4 microm, with a step of 250 nm, for a total of 3200 tests. The numerous observations have been analysed applying an ad hoc modification of the Weibull Statistics, suggesting a natural evolution of the shells against external attacks. PMID:21137746

Bignardi, Cristina; Petraroli, Michele; Pugno, Nicola M

2010-10-01

108

Cytogenetics of the land snails Cantareus aspersus and C. mazzullii (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata).  

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A cytogenetic study was carried out on the chromosomes and nuclear DNA contents of the land snails Cantareus aspersus and C. mazzullii (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Chromosomes were studied using Giemsa staining, banding methods and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with three repetitive DNA probes [18S rDNA, (GATA)(n) and (TTAGGG)(n)]. Results were very similar in the two species both showing (1) 54 bi-armed chromosomes [submetacentrics (SM) + metacentrics (M) + subtelocentrics (ST)]; (2) 10 terminal NORs after sequential application of rDNA FISH and silver staining; (3) uniform DNA fluorescence with CMA(3) and DAPI staining and (4) genomic composition considerably enriched both in highly- and moderately-repeated DNAs. The telomeric (TTAGGG)(n) sequence hybridized with the termini of all of the chromosomes in the two species. In spite of their apparent karyological uniformity, flow cytometry DNA assays showed that C. aspersus and C. mazzullii are characterized by different nuclear DNA content (C values are 3.58 and 3.08 pg, respectively) and slightly different base composition in their genomes. Present data on GS and AT% in C. mazzullii and C. aspersus confirm the trend toward high GS values and GC percentages among land snails. PMID:15857774

Vitturi, Roberto; Libertini, Angelo; Sineo, Luca; Sparacio, Ignazio; Lannino, Antonella; Gregorini, Armando; Colomba, Mariastella

2005-01-01

109

Cargols terrestres (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora del Parc Natural de la Muntanya de Montserrat (Barcelona, NE península ibèrica  

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Full Text Available Land snails (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora in the Natural Park of Montserrat (Barcelona, NE Iberian peninsula The inventory of 73 land snails in the Natural Park of Montserrat was updated following the review of 130 publications. Planned field study was also conducted in areas of different habitats on the Montserrat mountain to provide a preliminary description of the communities of land snails in the study area. A total of 342 samples of land snails were studied and 50 species were identified. The most frequent were Pomatias elegans, Helicigona lapicida, Pseudotachea splendida, Abida polyodon and Otala punctata. In this region of the prelittoral Catalan mountain range, the level of endemism was high for Abida secale bofilli, Montserratina bofilliana and Xerocrassa montserratensis.The results of the field work extend the faunistic catalogue of the Natural Park of Montserrat to include references to Hygromia cinctella, Microxeromagna lowei, Paralaoma servilis and Punctum pygmaeum in the area. Finally, investigation and conservation programmes are suggested for the endemic species Xerocrassa montserratensis, protected by the Plan for Areas of Natural Interest (PEIN approved by Decree 328/1992.

Bros, V.

2006-11-01

110

18S ribosomal DNA sequences provide insight into the phylogeny of patellogastropod limpets (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

To investigate the phylogeny of Patellogastropoda, the complete 18S rDNA sequences of nine patellogastropod limpets Cymbula canescens (Gmelin, 1791), Helcion dunkeri (Krauss, 1848), Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, Cellana toreuma (Reeve, 1855), Cellana nigrolineata (Reeve, 1854), Nacella magellanica Gmelin, 1791, Nipponacmea concinna (Lischke, 1870), Niveotectura pallida (Gould, 1859), and Lottia dorsuosa Gould, 1859 were determined. These sequences were then analyzed along with the published 18S rDNA sequences of 35 gastropods, one bivalve, and one chiton species. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. The results of our 18S rDNA sequence analysis strongly support the monophyly of Patellogastropoda and the existence of three subgroups. Of these, two subgroups, the Patelloidea and Acmaeoidea, are closely related, with branching patterns that can be summarized as [(Cymbula + Helcion) + Patella] and [(Nipponacmea + Lottia) + Niveotectura]. The remaining subgroup, Nacelloidea, emerges as basal and paraphyletic, while its genus Cellana is monophyletic. Our analysis also indicates that the Patellogastropoda have a sister relationship with the order Cocculiniformia within the Gastropoda. PMID:17464213

Yoon, Sook Hee; Kim, Won

2007-02-28

111

Mitogenome of the small abalone Haliotis diversicolor Reeve and phylogenetic analysis within Gastropoda.  

Science.gov (United States)

The complete mitochondrial coding regions of three small abalones Haliotis diversicolor Reeve, two collected from Vietnam and one from southern China, were successfully sequenced. The molecular feature of the mitochondrial genome is identical with the general description of the family Haliotidae mtDNAs that have been sequenced so far. The sequenced nucleotides are 16,186-16,266bp in length. The mitogenome encodes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 22 transfer RNA genes. Between adjacent genes trnH and nad5 there is an overlapping region. Comparison of the ratios of Ka and Ks among four species of Haliotis (H. diversicolor, H. discus hannai, H. rubra and H. tuberculata tuberculata) reveals that values of Ka/Ks in some NADH dehydrogenase and ATPase genes such as nad2, nad6 and atp8 are higher than those in other mitochondrial genes. Genome-wide gene arrangement among four species of Haliotis has been compared. Although all gene arrangement is the same in H. diversicolor, H. discus hannai and H. rubra, the location of trnS? and trnF in H. tuberculata tuberculata are inter-exchanged. Both gene arrangement and phylogenetic analysis support that the family Haliotidae is at a relatively primordial phylogenetic position in Gastropoda. Through alignment between Vietnam and southern China individuals, 111 SNPs are detected, most SNPs are synonymous mutations, and 7, 94 and 10 SNPs are observed at NCR, protein-coding region and RNA region, respectively. The result of SNP analysis also demonstrates that the difference is mainly in some NADH dehydrogenase genes between the Vietnam and southern China individuals. PMID:22118637

Xin, Yi; Ren, Jianfeng; Liu, Xiao

2011-12-01

112

Volutidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of the Lakhra Formation (Earliest Eocene, Sindh, Pakistan): systematics, biostratigraphy and paleobiogeography.  

Science.gov (United States)

The paleobiodiversity of the Volutidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of the Ranikot Group (Sindh, Pakistan) and particularly of the Lakhra Formation (SBZ 5 biozone, Earliest Eocene), is reconsidered on the basis of new material collected during recent field trips. Ten new species are described (Mitreola brohii sp. nov., Lyrischapa vredenburgi sp. nov., L. brevispira sp. nov., Athleta (Volutopupa) citharopsis sp. nov., A. (Volutocorbis) lasharii sp. nov., Volutilithes welcommei sp. nov., V. sindhiensis sp. nov., Pseudaulicina coxi sp. nov., Sindhiluta lakhraensis sp. nov. and Pakiluta solangii sp. nov.) and one species is in open nomenclature (Lyria sp.). Three new genera are described: Lyriopsis gen. nov. [Volutinae, ?Lyriini, type species: Lyriopsis cossmanni (Vredenburg, 1923)], Sindhiluta gen. nov. [Volutilithinae, type species: Sindhiluta lakhraensis n. sp.] and Pakiluta gen. nov. [?Volutodermatinae, type species: Pakiluta solangii n. sp.]. Two new combinations are proposed: Lyriopsis cossmanni (Vredenburg, 1923) comb. nov. and Athleta (Volutopupa) intercrenatus (Cossmann & Pissarro, 1909) comb. nov. Lectotypes are designated for Lyria cossmanni Vredenburg, 1923, L. feddeni Vredenburg, 1923, Volutospina noetlingi Cossmann & Pissarro, 1909, V. intercrenata Cossmann & Pissarro, 1909 and Athleta (Volutocorbis) victoriae Vredenburg, 1923. With 21 species, this volutid fauna is the most diverse recorded from the Tethys Ocean during Earliest Eocene time. The assemblage is characterized by a strong turnover marked by regional speciation and the appearance of many western Tethyan invaders. Although at the species level, the assemblage documents a strong provincialism, at the genus level, the high number of shared genera between Eastern Tethyan and Old World Tethyan realms begins a phase of long-term homogeneity of volutid assemblages from the Tethyan paleobiogeographic province. PMID:24990040

Merle, Didier; Pacaud, Jean-Michel; Métais, Grégoire; Bartolini, Annachiara; Lashari, Rafiq A; Brohi, Imdad A; Solangi, Sarfraz H; Marivaux, Laurent; Welcomme, Jean-Loup

2014-01-01

113

New Records for GASTROPODA Class of Species Found in the Rocky Intertidal Zone of the Marine Priority Region 32, Guerrero, Mexico  

OpenAIRE

The GASTROPODA class, one of the best known marine environments, is formed by a large number of species and the shape of their shell structure varies greatly. These mollusks are distributed from the intertidal zone all the way to the abyssal zone, and there are also swimming and floating species. This research was conducted at seven sites, located in the Marina Priority Region 32 (MPR 32), located in the S...

Carmina Torreblanca-Ramírez; Rafael Flores-Garza; Jesús Emilio Michel-Morfin; José Luis Rosas-Acevedo; Pedro Flores-Rodríguez; Sergio García-Ibáñez

2014-01-01

114

Diversidad genética de dos poblaciones del caracol Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) en Yucatán, México, con microsatélite  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El caracol rosado S. gigas, es una especie de gran importancia pesquera en la región del Caribe que incluye la Península de Yucatán, en la cual, se analizó la diversidad y estructura genética de dos poblaciones (Arrecife Alacranes y Banco Chinchorro) mediante el uso de cinco marcadores moleculares d [...] el tipo microsatélites. Los resultados indican que las dos poblaciones analizadas se encuentran en el mismo rango de diversidad genética (He) de 0.613 a 0.692. En ambas poblaciones también se observó una desviación significativa al equilibrio H-WE, la cual fue atribuida a factores como la endogamia a consecuencia de una sobre-explotación pesquera. Sin embargo otra explicación posible es que se deba a una mezcla de individuos de dos o más poblaciones, y la existencia de alelos nulos. Los niveles de estructura genética indican la existencia de una sola población homogénea en la península de Yucatán (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49) y el flujo genético fue significativo (2.3 individuos) entre las dos poblaciones. Los resultados de este estudio aceptan la hipótesis de que las poblaciones S. gigas forman parte de una sola población panmíctica en la Península de Yucatán, por lo tanto, el recurso pesquero debe regularse de igual manera en ambas regiones. Abstract in english Genetic diversity in two populations of the snail Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) from Yucatan, Mexico, using microsatellite. The pink conch Strombus gigas is an important fisheries resource in the Caribbean region, including the Yucatán Peninsula. We analyzed the genetic diversity and genet [...] ic structure of two populations (Alacranes Reef and Chinchorro Bank) with the use of five microsatellite molecular markers. The results indicate that the two populations are in the same rank of genetic diversity (He), from 0.613 to 0.692. Significant deviation from H-WE was observed in the both populations due to deficit to heterozygotes, this was attributed to inbreeding as a consequence of over- fishing; nevertheless, other possible causes considered are mixing of individuals from two or more populations, and the existence of null alleles. Levels of genetic differentiation indicated the existence of a single homogenous population in the Yucatan Peninsula (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49), which fits with highest levels of gene flow is significant (2.3 individuals) between both populations. Results from this study support the hypothesis that S. gigas is part of a single panmictic population in the Yucatan Peninsula; therefore, this fishery resource should be regulated the same way for both areas. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3): 1127-1134. Epub 2011 September 01.

Roberto, Zamora-Bustillos; Rossanna, Rodríguez-Canul; Francisco J, García de León; Jorge, Tello Cetina.

1127-11-01

115

Cariotipos de los caracoles de tinte Plicopurpura pansa y Plicopurpura columellaris (Gastropoda: Muricidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El cariotipo de Plicopurpura pansa y P. columellaris fue determinado a partir de 17 y 13 especímenes adultos respectivamente. Adicionalmente, se utilizaron ocho cápsulas de P. pansa. Contamos 186 campos mitóticos en P. pansa: 59 en los adultos y 127 en los embriones; y 118 campos en P. columellaris. [...] En ambas especies se observaron números cromosómicos desde 30 hasta 42. Las variaciones en número cromosómico fueron identificadas en cada individuo, no habiendo ninguna relación con los tejidos (branquias, músculo y estómago) empleados. El número modal diploide típico fue de 2n=36 cromosomas en ambas especies. En los especímenes adultos seleccionamos cinco de las mejores dispersiones cromosómicas para armar el cariotipo. Calculamos los estadísticos citogenéticos clásicos, longitudes relativas, proporción de brazos, índice centromérico y la diferencia entre brazos. Identificamos en ambas especies tres pares de cromosomas metacéntricos y quince pares de cromosomas telocéntricos. Esta clasificación no fue suficientemente robusta, por lo que dividimos el complemento cromosómico de cada especie en cuatro grupos ("a", "b", "c" y "d") utilizando como criterio las longitudes relativas (p+q). Hubo diferencias significativas entre grupos cromosómicos por especie y entre especies, los tres primeros pares de cromosomas (grupo "a" birrámeos) y los dos últimos pares (grupo "d" monorrámeos menores) (análisis de varianza de dos vías, p Abstract in english Karyotypes of the purple snails Plicopurpura pansa and Plicopurpura columellaris (Gastropoda: Muricidae). The karyotypes of the purple snails Plicopurpura pansa (Gould, 1853) and P. columellaris (Lamarck, 1816) were established from 17 and 13 adults, respectively; and from eight capsules with embryo [...] s of P. pansa. In P. pansa were counted 59 mitotic fields in the adults and 127 in embryos; and 118 fields in P. columellaris. Chromosome numbers from 30 to 42 were observed in both species. Such a variation was notorious in each sample and there was no evidence of any relationship with tissue (gill, muscle and stomach). Both species has a typical modal number of 2n=36 chromosomes. Five good quality chromosome spreads were selected from adults of each species to assemble the karyotype. Classic cytogenetics statistics like relative lengths, arm ratio, centromeric index and the difference between long and short arms are presented. There were three pairs of metacentric and fifteen pairs of telocentric chromosomes in both species. This classification was not strong enough, so the chromosome complement by species was divided in four groups ("a", "b", "c" and "d") on the basis of relative lengths (p+q). A comparison of p+q in each chromosome pair was estimated within and between species by two ways analysis of variance and Tukey tests (P

Lenin, Arias-Rodriguez; Juan P, González-Hermoso; Horacio, Fletes-Regalado; Luz Estela, Rodríguez-Ibarra; Gabriela Del Valle, Pignataro.

2007-12-01

116

Biochemical profile of Achatina fulica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) after infection by different parasitic loads of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda, Metastrongylidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of experimental infection by different parasitic loads of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematode, Metastrongylidae) on the activities of the aminotransferases and concentration of total proteins, uric acid and urea in the hemolymph of Achatina fulica (Mollusca, Gastropoda) were investigated. There was a significant decrease in the concentration of total proteins in the exposed snails to 5000 or more larvae. This change was accompanied by an increase in the concentrations of urea and uric acid in the hemolymph, suggesting a higher rate of deamination of the amino acids. Besides this, variations in the activities of the aminotransferases were also observed, with the highest values recorded in the groups exposed to greater parasite load. These results suggest an increase in the use of total proteins, since there was increased formation of nitrogenous catabolites, in conformity with an increase in the aminotransferase activities. Infection was verified by the fact that L3 larvae recovered from the snails was proportion to the exposure dose of L1 larvae. Histopathological results also indicated presence of an inflammatory cell infiltrate, favoring an increase of both transaminases. PMID:25308279

Tunholi-Alves, Vinícius Menezes; Tunholi, Victor Menezes; Amaral, Ludimila Santos; Mota, Esther Maria; Júnior, Arnaldo Maldonado; Pinheiro, Jairo; Garcia, Juberlan

2015-01-01

117

Assessing metal contamination from construction and demolition (C&D) waste used to infill wetlands: using Deroceras reticulatum (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

Large quantities of construction and demolition waste (C&D) are produced globally every year, with little known about potential environmental impacts. In the present study, the slug, Deroceras reticulatum (Mollusca: Gastropoda) was used as the first biomonitor of metals (Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Ti, Tl, V and Zn) on wetlands post infilling with construction and demolition (C&D) waste. The bioaccumulation of As, Ba, Cd, Co, Sb, Se and Tl were found to be significantly elevated in slugs collected on C&D waste when compared to unimproved pastures (control sites), while Mo, Se and Sr had significantly higher concentrations in slugs collected on C&D waste when compared to known contaminated sites (mining locations), indicating the potential hazardous nature of C&D waste to biota. Identifying exact sources for these metals within the waste can be problematic, due to its heterogenic nature. Biomonitors are a useful tool for future monitoring and impact studies, facilitating policy makers and regulations in other countries regarding C&D waste infill. In addition, improving separation of C&D waste to allow increased reuse and recycling is likely to be effective in reducing the volume of waste being used as infill, subsequently decreasing potential metal contamination. PMID:25298023

Staunton, John A; Mc Donnell, Rory J; Gormally, Michael J; Williams, Chris D; Henry, Tiernan; Morrison, Liam

2014-11-01

118

Occurrence of Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 (Oligochaeta, Naididae associated with Gastropoda mollusks in horticultural channels in Southeastern Brazil Ocorrência de Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 (Oligochaeta, Naididae associado com moluscos Gastropoda em canais de horticultura no sudeste do Brasil  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 in four species of mollusks collected in irrigation channels of a horticultural garden in the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil. The collections were made from June 2005 to January 2006. Of the four species of mollusks analysed, we could not detect the presence of C. limnaei in Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827. There were recorded 320 specimens of C. limnaei in association with Aplexa rivalis Mastou & Rackett, 1898, Lymnaea columella Say, 1818 and Biomphalaria sp., the latter having the highest number of associated Naididae.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 em quatro espécies de moluscos coletadas em canais de irrigação de uma horticultura no município de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil. As coletas foram realizadas de junho de 2005 a janeiro de 2006. Dentre as quatro espécies de moluscos analisadas, apenas em Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827 não foi detectada a presença de C. limnaei. Foram registrados 320 espécimes de C. limnaei associadas a Aplexa rivalis Mastou & Rackett, 1898, Lymnaea columella Say, 1818 e Biomphalaria sp., sendo esta última a espécie de molusco com o maior número de Naididae associados.

RT. Martins

2010-11-01

119

Occurrence of Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 (Oligochaeta, Naididae) associated with Gastropoda mollusks in horticultural channels in Southeastern Brazil / Ocorrência de Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 (Oligochaeta, Naididae) associado com moluscos Gastropoda em canais de horticultura no sudeste do Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 em quatro espécies de moluscos coletadas em canais de irrigação de uma horticultura no município de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil. As coletas foram realizadas de junho de 2005 a janeiro de 2006. [...] Dentre as quatro espécies de moluscos analisadas, apenas em Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) não foi detectada a presença de C. limnaei. Foram registrados 320 espécimes de C. limnaei associadas a Aplexa rivalis Mastou & Rackett, 1898, Lymnaea columella Say, 1818 e Biomphalaria sp., sendo esta última a espécie de molusco com o maior número de Naididae associados. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Chaetogaster limnaei K. von Baer, 1927 in four species of mollusks collected in irrigation channels of a horticultural garden in the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil. The collections were made from June 2005 to Januar [...] y 2006. Of the four species of mollusks analysed, we could not detect the presence of C. limnaei in Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827). There were recorded 320 specimens of C. limnaei in association with Aplexa rivalis Mastou & Rackett, 1898, Lymnaea columella Say, 1818 and Biomphalaria sp., the latter having the highest number of associated Naididae.

RT., Martins; RG., Alves.

1055-10-01

120

Preliminary Screening a Potential AChE Inhibitor in Thai Golden Shower (Leguminosae mimosoideae) Extracts  

OpenAIRE

Pesticides are used to control pests of agriculture products in many countries including Thailand. Since they can exert harmful effects not only on target pests but also on other useful organisms, alternative agents are investigated. We studied the capacity of the Thai golden shower (Leguminosae mimosoideae) extracts (root and pod) to inhibit acetyl cholinestarese (AChE) in the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) as a pest representative. The results showed that the percentage of AChE i...

Jakkaphun Nanuam; Khobkul Nongnutch; Chawanrat Somnuek; Voravit Cheevaporn

2013-01-01

121

A snail with unbiased population sex ratios but highly biased brood sex ratios.  

OpenAIRE

Extraordinary sex ratio patterns and the underlying sex-determining mechanisms in various organisms are worth investigating, particularly because they shed light on adaptive sex-ratio adjustment. Here, we report an extremely large variation in the brood sex ratio in the freshwater snail, Pomacea canaliculata. In eight rearing series originating from three wild populations, sex ratios were highly variable among broods, ranging continuously from almost exclusively males to almost exclusively fe...

Yusa, Yoichi; Suzuki, Yoshito

2003-01-01

122

Invasive Snails and an Emerging Infectious Disease: Results from the First National Survey on Angiostrongylus cantonensis in China  

OpenAIRE

Eosinophilic meningitis is caused by the rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis). This parasite is endemic in Southeast Asia, Australia, the Caribbean, and on Pacific Islands. Moreover, the disease is emerging in mainland China, which might be related to the spread of two invasive snail species (Achatina fulica and Pomacea canaliculata). Thus far, the biggest angiostrongyliasis outbreak in China occurred in 2006 in Beijing, involving 160 patients. However, detailed information about the na...

Lv, Shan; Zhang, Yi; Liu, He-xiang; Hu, Ling; Yang, Kun; Steinmann, Peter; Chen, Zhao; Wang, Li-ying; Utzinger, Ju?rg; Zhou, Xiao-nong

2009-01-01

123

Invading herbivory: The golden apple snail alters ecosystem functioning in Asian wetlands  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the effects of an exotic snail, the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in tropical wetland ecosystems. This large snail (up to 80-mm shell height) has invaded large parts of Southeast Asia during recent decades. A survey of natural wetlands in Thailand showed that high densities of the snail were associated with almost complete absence of aquatic plants, high nutrient concentrations, and high phytoplankton biomass, that is, a co...

Carlsson, Nils; Bro?nmark, Christer; Hansson, Lars-anders

2004-01-01

124

Novel animal defenses against predation: a snail egg neurotoxin combining lectin and pore-forming chains that resembles plant defense and bacteria attack toxins  

OpenAIRE

Although most eggs are intensely predated, the aerial egg clutches from the aquatic snail Pomacea canaliculata have only one reported predator due to unparalleled biochemical defenses. These include two storage-proteins: ovorubin that provides a conspicuous (presumably warning) coloration and has antinutritive and antidigestive properties, and PcPV2 a neurotoxin with lethal effect on rodents. We sequenced PcPV2 and studied whether it was able to withstand the gastrointestinal environment and ...

Dreon, Marcos S.; Frassa, Mari?a Victoria; Ceoli?n, Marcelo Rau?l; Ituarte, Santiago; Qiu, Jian-wen; Sun, Jin; Ferna?ndez, Patricia Elena; Heras, Horacio

2013-01-01

125

Estado de conocimiento de los Gastrópodos dulceacuícolas de Chile Current state of knowledge of the freshwater Gastropoda of Chile  

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Full Text Available De acuerdo a la literatura, los gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos están compuestos por 73 especies, i.e., 30 spp. de Chilinidae (género Chilina Gray 1828, 4 spp. de Physidae (género Physa Draparnaud 1801, 5 spp. de Lymnaeidae (género Lymnaea Lamarck 1799, 7 spp. de Planorbidae (género Biomphalaria Preston 1910, 5 spp. de Ancylidae (género Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 y Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913, y 22 spp. de Hydrobiidae (género Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 y Littoridina Souleyet 1852. La distribución del conjunto de especies de gastrópodos se extiende desde Arica en el norte hasta Magallanes en el sur. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de las especies tiene su rango geográfico restringido a una o unas pocas cuencas hidrográficas contiguas a lo largo del gradiente latitudinal. La mayor concentración de especies de gastrópodos se localiza entre las regiones administrativas VII y X. Actualmente existe una importante falta de conocimiento en relación a la taxonomía, biología, ecología, biogeografía y estado de conservación de prácticamente todas las especies de gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos.According to literature, the Chilean freshwater gastropoda is currently composed by 73 species, i.e., 30 spp. of Chilinidae (genus Chilina Gray 1828, 4 spp. of Physidae (genus Physa Draparnaud 1801, 5 spp. of Lymnaeidae (genus Lymnaea Lamarck 1799, 7 spp. of Planorbidae (genus Biomphalaria Preston 1910, 5 spp. of Ancylidae (genus Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 and Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913, and 22 spp. of Hydrobiidae (genus Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 and Littoridina Souleyet 1852. The distribution of the set of species of gastropods spans from Arica in the north to Magallanes in the far south. However, most species have a restricted geographic range, comprising one or a few hydrographical contiguous basins along the latitudinal gradient. The largest concentration of gastropods species is found between the VII and X administrative Regions. An important lack of knowledge exist in relation to the taxonomy, biology, ecology, biogeography and conservation state of practically all the species of Chilean freshwater gastropods.

Claudio Valdovinos Zarges

2006-06-01

126

Nyctemeral variations of magnesium intake in the calcitic layer of a Chilean mollusk shell ( Concholepas concholepas, Gastropoda)  

Science.gov (United States)

Mollusk shells are increasingly used as records of past environmental conditions, particularly for sea-surface temperature (SST) reconstructions. Many recent studies tackled SST (and/or sea-surface salinity) tracers through variations in the elementary (Mg and Sr) or stable isotope (? 18O) composition within mollusk shells. But such attempts, which sometimes include calibration studies on modern specimens, are not always conclusive. We present here a series of Mg and Sr analyses in the calcitic layer of Concholepas concholepas (Muricidae, Gastropoda) with a very high time-resolution on a time window covering about 1 and a half month of shell formation, performed by Laser Ablation Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA). The selected specimen of this common Chilean gastropod was grown under controlled environmental conditions and precise weekly time-marks were imprinted in the shell with calcein staining. Strontium variations in the shell are too limited to be interpreted in terms of environmental parameter changes. In contrast, Mg incorporation into the shell and growth rate appear to change systematically between night and day. During the day, Mg is incorporated at a higher rate than at night and this intake seems positively correlated with water temperature. The nightly reduced Mg incorporation is seemingly related to metabolically controlled processes, formation of organic-rich shell increments and nocturnal feeding activity of the animals. The nyctemeral Mg changes in the C. concholepas shell revealed in this study might explain at least part of the discrepancies observed in previous studies on the use of Mg as a SST proxy in mollusk shells. In the case of C. concholepas, Mg cannot be used straightforwardly as a SST proxy.

Lazareth, Claire E.; Guzman, Nury; Poitrasson, Franck; Candaudap, Frederic; Ortlieb, Luc

2007-11-01

127

Variación espacio-temporal de Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea y Holothuroidea, de fondos someros de la isla San José, Golfo de California  

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Full Text Available Se realizaron seis expediciones a la isla San José, Golfo de California entre los años 1999 y 2000 en donde se llevaron a cabo las observaciones y muestreos. Con base en los muestreos se determinó el componente específico de tres filos de macroinvertebrados bentónicos en nueve localidades: Cnidaria (Scleractinia y Gorgonacea, Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia y Cephalopoda, y Echinodermata (Echinoidea, Asteroidea y Holothuroidea. La abundancia del macrobentos conspicuo se estimó visualmente mediante buceo libre a una profundidad entre 2 y 6 m a lo largo de dos transectos en banda paralelos a la línea de costa. Se determinó un total de 38 táxones de los tres grupos. Las especies más abundantes son Tripneustes depressus (44,9%, Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3, Phataria unifascialis (8,9%, Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%, Diadema mexicanum (5% y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la diversidad (H’, equidad (J y riqueza de especies (S entre los meses y localidades. El análisis de similitud identificó a dos grupos de las localidades del litoral oriental y occidental.Space-time variation of Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea, from shallow bottom in San Jose Island, Gulf of California. Between the years 1999 and 2000, six expeditions were made to Isla San José, in the Gulf of California. Observations and samples were taken of benthic macroinvertebrates in nine locations. Based on the samples, the specific components of three phyla were determined: Cnidaria (Scleractinia and Gorgonacea, Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Cephalopoda, and Echinodermata (Echinoidea and Holothuroidea. The abundance of conspicuous benthic macroinvertebrates was visually estimated through free dives at a depth of between two and six meters along two transects parallel to the coast. A total of 38 taxa in three groups were determined. The most abundant species are Tripneustes depressus (44,9%,Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3%,Phataria unifascialis (8,9%, Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%, Diadema mexicanum (5% y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%. No significant differences between diversity (H’, equity (J and richness of the species (S during the months and site of study. The similarity analysis identified two groups from locations of the eastern and western coasts. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3: 1189-1199. Epub 2008 September 30.

Oscar Efraín Holguin Quiñones

2008-09-01

128

Variación espacio-temporal de Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea y Holothuroidea, de fondos someros de la isla San José, Golfo de California  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizaron seis expediciones a la isla San José, Golfo de California entre los años 1999 y 2000 en donde se llevaron a cabo las observaciones y muestreos. Con base en los muestreos se determinó el componente específico de tres filos de macroinvertebrados bentónicos en nueve localidades: Cnidaria [...] (Scleractinia y Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia y Cephalopoda), y Echinodermata (Echinoidea, Asteroidea y Holothuroidea). La abundancia del macrobentos conspicuo se estimó visualmente mediante buceo libre a una profundidad entre 2 y 6 m a lo largo de dos transectos en banda paralelos a la línea de costa. Se determinó un total de 38 táxones de los tres grupos. Las especies más abundantes son Tripneustes depressus (44,9%), Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3), Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la diversidad (H’), equidad (J) y riqueza de especies (S) entre los meses y localidades. El análisis de similitud identificó a dos grupos de las localidades del litoral oriental y occidental. Abstract in english Space-time variation of Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea, from shallow bottom in San Jose Island, Gulf of California. Between the years 1999 and 2000, six expeditions were made to Isla San José, in the Gulf of California. Observati [...] ons and samples were taken of benthic macroinvertebrates in nine locations. Based on the samples, the specific components of three phyla were determined: Cnidaria (Scleractinia and Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Cephalopoda), and Echinodermata (Echinoidea and Holothuroidea). The abundance of conspicuous benthic macroinvertebrates was visually estimated through free dives at a depth of between two and six meters along two transects parallel to the coast. A total of 38 taxa in three groups were determined. The most abundant species are Tripneustes depressus (44,9%),Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3%),Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No significant differences between diversity (H’), equity (J) and richness of the species (S) during the months and site of study. The similarity analysis identified two groups from locations of the eastern and western coasts. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1189-1199. Epub 2008 September 30.

Oscar Efraín, Holguin Quiñones; Felipe de Jesús, González Medina; Francisco, Solís Marín; Esteban F, Félix Pico.

1189-11-01

129

Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al. (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) y faunas asociadas del Cámbrico tardío del Angosto de la Quesera, provincia de Salta / Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al. (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) y faunas asociadas del Cámbrico tardío del Angosto de la Quesera, Provincia de Salta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el presente trabajo se realiza un estudio paleontológico en la Formación Lampazar que aflora en la localidad Angosto de La Quesera, franja oeste de la Cordillera Oriental, provincia de Salta. En dicha unidad se ha registrado el género Strepsodiscus Knight (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea), el cual [...] ha reforzado anteriores investigaciones que revelan una edad cámbrica tardía para la asociación fosilífera y los estratos portadores. En esta oportunidad se realiza un diagnóstico de la morfología funcional de la especie Strepsodicus austrinus Pinilla et al., la cual se documenta asociada a trilobites característicos de la Biozona de Parabolina frequens argentina [Parabolina (Neoparabolina) frequens (Barrande), Olenidae indet., Micragnostus sp.], Hyolitha gen et sp. indet., placas de crinoideos y trazas fósiles de la ichnofacies de Cruziana. Abstract in english A paleontological study on the Lampazar Formation outcropping at Angosto de la Quesera locality, western Cordillera Oriental, Salta Province, is achieved. The occurrence of the genus Strepsodiscus Knight (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) supports a latest Cambrian age for the formation. This paper inc [...] ludes an analysis of the functional morphology of Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al., which is associated with some characteristic trilobites of the Parabolina frequens argentina Zone [Parabolina (Neoparabolina) frequens (Barrande), Olenidae indet., Micragnostus sp.], Hyolitha gen et sp. indet, crinoid plates, and trace fossils of the archetypical Cruziana Ichnofacies.

Karina, Pinilla; Nora, Sabattini; Guillermo F, Aceñolaza; M. Franco, Tortello; Susana B, Esteban.

2009-06-01

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Gastropoda (Mollusca) associated to Sargassum sp. beds in São Sebastião Channel - São Paulo, Brazil / Gastropoda (Mollusca) associados a bancos deSargassum sp. no Canal de São Sebastião - São Paulo, Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O fital é caracterizado pela formação de bancos de algas marinhas e uma grande diversidade de espécies associadas, estando a malacofauna entre seus principais componentes. Com o objetivo de registrar as assembleias de gastrópodes associadas è alga parda Sargassum C. Agardh, 1820, este estudo foi rea [...] lizado no Canal de São Sebastião, litoral norte do estado de São Paulo, e áreas próximas. Um total de 13945 indivíduos foram identificados, pertencentes a 35 famílias e 62 espécies. Em termos de abundância, Cerithiidae, Phasianellidae e Columbellidae foram as famílias mais representativas, com 34, 33 e 17% do total de indivíduos coletados, respectivamente. Bittiolum varium (Pfeiffer, 1840) (Cerithiidae) e Eulithidium affine (C. B. Adams, 1850) (Phasianellidae) foram as espécies dominantes, seguidas pelos columbelídeos Mitrella dichroa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1844), Anachis fenneli Radwin, 1968 e Costoanachis sertulariarium (d'Orbigny, 1839). Entre as espécies pouco abundantes, algumas podem ser consideradas como de ocorrência ocasional, enquanto outras parecem ser típicas deste ambiente, porém raras. A presença de formas juvenis mostrou-se muito recorrente para a maioria das espécies, o que parece indicar que a alga pode atuar como berçário. Os valores expressivos encontrados, tanto para a abundância de indivíduos como para o número de espécies, ilustram a grande importância ecológica apresentada por este ambiente para as espécies de gastrópodes. Abstract in english The phytal is characterized by the formation of seaweed beds and a great diversity of associated species, the malacofauna being one of its main components. Aiming to record the species of Gastropoda associated to the brown algae Sargassum sp. C. Agardh, 1820, this study was carried out in São Sebast [...] ião Channel, northern coast of São Paulo, and nearby areas. A total of 13945 individuals were identified, belonging to 35 families and 62 species. Cerithiidae, Phasianellidae and Columbellidae were the most abundant families, represented by 34, 33 and 17% of the total collected individuals, respectively. Bittiolum varium (Pfeiffer, 1840) (Cerithiidae) and Eulithidium affine (C. B. Adams, 1850) (Phasianellidae) are the dominant species, followed by the columbelids Mitrella dichroa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1844), Anachis fenneli Radwin, 1968 and Costoanachis sertulariarium (d'Orbigny, 1839). Among the least abundant species, some of them may be considered as of fortuitous occurrences, while others seem to be typical in those habitats, although rare. The presence of juvenile specimens was recurrent, this indicating that the algae can function as a nursery for most of these species. The expressive values found, for both abundance and number of species, illustrate the great ecological importance of the phytal habitats for the gastropod species.

Pedro Augusto dos Santos, Longo; Marjorie Cattaneo, Fernandes; Fosca Pedini Pereira, Leite; Flávio Dias, Passos.

2014-12-01

131

Daños por depredación y tamaño de concha del caracol diádromo Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) en el Río Mameyes, Puerto Rico  

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Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se compararon las abundancias y tamaños de conchas del gasterópodo Neritina virginea de acuerdo a los daños presentados en especimenes vivos y muertos (n= 5066) recolectados en el río Mameyes, Puerto Rico (Antillas Mayores). Se observaron daños por depredación de aves y camarones, y signos de erosió [...] n por la acción del raspado de la rádula por parte de otros individuos de la misma especie. La depredación fue aparentemente baja ( Abstract in english Predator damage and shell size on the diadromous snail Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) in the Mameyes River, Puerto Rico. We compared predators’ damage with shell size in live individuals and empty shells (n=5066) of the snail Neritina virginea in the Mameyes River (Puerto Rico, Greater An [...] tilles). According to the literature and direct observations, damages on empty shells were attributed to predation by aquatic birds (e.g. Gallinula chloropus) and decapods (e.g. Macrobrachium spp.), while damages on live individuals were due to rasping by co-specifics and erosion. Predation by decapods and birds, as estimated by the proportion of empty shells, was low (2 and 0.36%, respectively). Shell size was significantly different between types of predators (range: decapods: 3.5-15.0mm, birds: 8.1-19.4mm). By comparing sizes of the empty shells and the live individuals, we concluded that decapods specialize on large groups of small migratory juveniles, while birds specialize on the largest resident individuals. Worn shells were highly frequent in both empty shells and live individuals, and sizes did not differ between samples. A comparison by slow-flow and fast-flow habitats showed that predators do not discriminate shell sizes between environments. However, the frequency of damage by birds and decapods was greater under slow-flow conditions. Despite of the little contribution of predation to the population dynamics in this species, predation might be an important driver of size-dependent behavioral responses such as upstream migration and microhabitat selection. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (4): 1069-1080. Epub 2009 December 01.

Juan Felipe, Blanco-Libreros; Andrea, Arroyave-Rincón.

1069-10-01

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Relationship between anti-oxidant capacity and manganese accumulation in the soft tissues of two freshwater molluscs: Unio pictorum mancus (Lamellibranchia, Unionidae and Viviparus ater (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia  

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Full Text Available Manganese is an element of great importance in the life cycle of plants and animals. For example, it plays an essential role as an activator of various enzymatic systems such as isoenzymes of superoxide dismutase. Freshwater Unionidae concentrate relatively large amounts of manganese in their tissues, but little is known about the physiological role of this metal. The aim of this research is to acquire a better knowledge of the role of manganese in molluscs which accumulate large amounts of this metal and in those with low manganese concentrations. As manganese is one of the metals present in the superoxide molecule, the possible relationship between manganese concentration in the soft tissues of molluscs and the antioxidant capacity of the metal can usefully be tested. To this end two species of molluscs were analysed: Unio pictorum mancus (Lamellibranchia, Unionidae, which is very rich in manganese, and Viviparus ater (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia which has a low manganese content. The adults of both species were analysed for manganese concentration by ICP, and for antioxidant capacity as RAC (Relative Antioxidant Capacity by a superoxide dismutase method. The results clearly demonstrate the active role played by manganese against free radicals and consequently the important role of the metal in protecting Unio against oxidative stress. The low concentration of manganese in Viviparus may be the result of the effective excretion of this metal, as was found for ruthenium.

Oscar RAVERA

2005-08-01

133

Enzootic Angiostrongyliasis in Guangzhou, China, 2008–2010  

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This study was conducted to gain an understanding of the Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection status of rodent definitive host, snail intermediate host, and local residents in Guangzhou, China. A total of 430 rats were captured and 23 rats, from two species, were infected, with an average infection rate of 5.35%. A total of 795 Achatina fulica snails and 734 Pomacea canaliculata snails were collected. The average infection rates of these two species were 13.96% (111 of 795) and 1.50% (11 of ...

Yang, Xiao; Qu, Zhenyu; He, Hualiang; Zheng, Xiaoying; He, Ai; Wu, Yu; Liu, Qian; Zhang, Dongjing; Wu, Zhongdao; Li, Zhuoya; Zhan, Ximei

2012-01-01

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Patterns of larval distribution and settlement of Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) in fjords and channels of southern Chile / Patrones de distribución de larvas y asentamiento de Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) en fiordos y canales del sur de Chile  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Concholepas concholepas (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Muricidae) se distribuye entre las costas del sur de Perú y extremo sur de Chile. Prácticamente todos los estudios sobre este gastrópodo han sido realizados en costas expuestas, sin considerar los fiordos y canales del sur de Chile, a pesar de que estos [...] representan aproximadamente el 95 % de la línea costera de este país. Aunque se ha publicado un importante volumen de literatura sobre C. concholepas, existen escasos antecedentes acerca de su desarrollo larval temprano en condiciones naturales, principalmente debido a que estos estadios han sido escasamente recolectados en la naturaleza. Este estudio es el primer intento por determinar los patrones de abundancia espacial y temporal de larvas de C. concholepas a través de su desarrollo hasta el asentamiento, en su ambiente natural. Para ello, fueron recolectadas muestras de plancton semanalmente en superficie y 8 m de profundidad en cuatro canales del sur de Chile. Temperatura y salinidad fueron registradas simultáneamente en cada sector. El asentamiento fue cuantificado usando un sustrato artificial en los cuatro sectores. En este estudio se observó que el desarrollo larval de C. concholepas ocurre durante todo el año en las aguas interiores del sur de Chile, observándose estados tempranos principalmente entre agosto y marzo, estados competentes entre junio y agosto, y asentamiento entre julio y agosto. Así, C. concholepas parece tener un largo periodo de desarrollo larval cuya duración fue estimada entre 6 a 12 meses en este estudio. Finalmente se sugiere que la hidrología local puede afectar el desarrollo larval de C. concholepas en esta región. Nuevas investigaciones oceanográficas y ecológicas son necesarias para responder las interrogantes e hipótesis surgidas de este estudio Abstract in english The distribution of Concholepas concholepas (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Muricidae) is limited to the coasts of Chile and southern Peru. Almost all studies of this gastropod have been carried out in open coastal systems, rather than the fjords and channels of southern Chile, despite the fact that this are [...] a represents ca. 95 % of the total coastline in this country. Although there is a large volume of background literature on C. concholepas, almost nothing is published about early larval development under natural conditions, mostly because early veligers have rarely been found in nature. This study is the first attempt to determine the spatial and temporal abundance and size patterns of C. concholepas larvae in their natural environment throughout all of their developmental stages until they settle. Weekly plankton samples were obtained at the surface and at 8 m depth in four locations in southern Chile in combination with temperature and salinity records in each location. Settlement was quantified using artificial substrates in all locations. We have observed that C. concholepas larval development occurs throughout the entire year in Chilean inland seas, with early veliger larvae being released mostly from August to March, reaching the competent stage around June to August, and settling between July and August. Thus, larvae appear to have a long planktonic development that can last between 6 and 12 months. Differences in local hydrology could affect larval development of C. concholepas in this region. Further oceanographic and ecological investigation is necessary in order to answer the questions and hypotheses originated from this study

CARLOS, MOLINET; ALEJANDRA, ARÉVALO; MARÍA TERESA, GONZÁLEZ; CARLOS A., MORENO; JAVIER, ARATA; EDWIN, NIKLITSCHEK.

2005-09-01

135

Freshwater snails and schistosomiasis mansoni in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: I - metropolitan mesoregion  

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Full Text Available In order to elaborate a planorbid chart of the State of Rio de Janeiro a survey of freshwater gastropods in the Metropolitan Mesoregion of this State was performed and revealed the occurrence of 20 species: Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954; Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818; Biomphalaria schrammi (Crosse, 1864; Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848; Biomphalaria tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835; Burnupia sp.; Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835; Drepanotrema cimex (Moricand, 1839; Drepanotrema lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839; Ferrissia sp.; Gundlachia ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962; Heleobia davisi Silva & Thomé, 1985; Lymnaea columella Say, 1817; Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774; Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839; Physa marmorata Guilding, 1828; Pomacea sp.; Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822; Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827 and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823. Among the planorbid species B. tenagophila was the most frequent, occurring in all municipalities surveyed. The present study extends the distribution of B. straminea in the State of Rio de Janeiro and reports new records for A. nordestensis, B. schrammi, G. ticaga, H. davisi and the genera Burnupia and Ferrissia. An account about the current transmission areas of schistosomiasis mansoni in this Mesoregion is presented as well.

Silvana C Thiengo

2001-09-01

136

Freshwater snails and schistosomiasis mansoni in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: I - metropolitan mesoregion  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In order to elaborate a planorbid chart of the State of Rio de Janeiro a survey of freshwater gastropods in the Metropolitan Mesoregion of this State was performed and revealed the occurrence of 20 species: Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954); Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818); Biomphalaria schr [...] ammi (Crosse, 1864); Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848); Biomphalaria tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835); Burnupia sp.; Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835); Drepanotrema cimex (Moricand, 1839); Drepanotrema lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839); Ferrissia sp.; Gundlachia ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962); Heleobia davisi Silva & Thomé, 1985; Lymnaea columella Say, 1817; Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774); Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839; Physa marmorata Guilding, 1828; Pomacea sp.; Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822); Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823). Among the planorbid species B. tenagophila was the most frequent, occurring in all municipalities surveyed. The present study extends the distribution of B. straminea in the State of Rio de Janeiro and reports new records for A. nordestensis, B. schrammi, G. ticaga, H. davisi and the genera Burnupia and Ferrissia. An account about the current transmission areas of schistosomiasis mansoni in this Mesoregion is presented as well.

Silvana C, Thiengo; Monica A, Fernandez; M Fernanda, Boaventura; Carlos E, Grault; Heucler FR, Silva; Aline C, Mattos; Sonia B, Santos.

2001-09-01

137

Freshwater snails and schistosomiasis mansoni in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: I-- Metropolitan mesoregion.  

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In order to elaborate a planorbid chart of the State of Rio de Janeiro a survey of freshwater gastropods in the Metropolitan Mesoregion of this State was performed and revealed the occurrence of 20 species: Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954); Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818); Biomphalaria schrammi (Crosse, 1864); Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848); Biomphalaria tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835); Burnupia sp.; Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835); Drepanotrema cimex (Moricand, 1839); Drepanotrema lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839); Ferrissia sp.; Gundlachia ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962); Heleobia davisi Silva & Thomé, 1985; Lymnaea columella Say, 1817; Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774); Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839; Physa marmorata Guilding, 1828; Pomacea sp.; Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822); Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823). Among the planorbid species B. tenagophila was the most frequent, occurring in all municipalities surveyed. The present study extends the distribution of B. straminea in the State of Rio de Janeiro and reports new records for A. nordestensis, B. schrammi, G. ticaga, H. davisi and the genera Burnupia and Ferrissia. An account about the current transmission areas of schistosomiasis mansoni in this Mesoregion is presented as well. PMID:11586447

Thiengo, S C; Fernandez, M A; Boaventura, M F; Grault, C E; Silva, H F; Mattos, A C; Santos, S B

2001-01-01

138

The identity, distribution, and impacts of non-native apple snails in the continental United States  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Since the mid 1990s populations of non-native apple snails (Ampullariidae have been discovered with increasing frequency in the continental United States. Given the dramatic effects that introduced apple snails have had on both natural habitats and agricultural areas in Southeast Asia, their introduction to the mainland U.S. is cause for concern. We combine phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA sequences with examination of introduced populations and museum collections to clarify the identities, introduced distributions, geographical origins, and introduction histories of apple snails. Results Based on sampling to date, we conclude there are five species of non-native apple snails in the continental U.S. Most significantly, we recognize three species within what has been called the channeled apple snail: Pomacea canaliculata (California and Arizona, Pomacea insularum, (Florida, Texas, and Georgia and Pomacea haustrum (Florida. The first established populations of P. haustrum were discovered in the late 1970s in Palm Beach County Florida, and have not spread appreciably in 30 years. In contrast, populations of P. insularum were established in Texas by 1989, in Florida by the mid to late 1990s, and in Georgia by 2005, and this species continues to spread rapidly. Most introduced P. insularum haplotypes are a close match to haplotypes from the Río Uruguay near Buenos Aires, indicating cold tolerance, with the potential to spread from Florida, Georgia, and Texas through Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Pomacea canaliculata populations were first discovered in California in 1997. Haplotypes of introduced P. canaliculata match native-range haplotypes from near Buenos Aires, Argentina, also indicating cold tolerance and the potential to establish farther north. Conclusion The term "channeled apple snail" is descriptive of a morphology found in many apple snail species. It does not identify a single species or a monophyletic group. Clarifying species identifications permits a more accurate assessment of introduction histories and distributions, and provides a very different picture of the tempo and pattern of invasions than was inferred when the three species with channeled sutures were considered one. Matching introduced and native-range haplotypes suggests the potential for range expansion, with implications for native aquatic ecosystems and species, agriculture, and human health.

Hayes Kenneth A

2007-06-01

139

 

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil and Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foi realizado no Estado de Rondônia, Brasil, levantamento malacológico com o objetivo de estabelecer a distribuição geográfica dos moluscos aquáticos, com ênfase especial no gênero Biomphalaria. Foram pesquisados 11 municípios ao longo da rodovia BR-364, totalizando 162 ecossistemas límnicos, dos qu [...] ais 77 (48%) apresentaram-se positivos para, pelo menos, uma espécie de molusco. As seguintes espécies foram encotradas: Gastropoda, Planorbidae: Biomphalaria sp., B.amazônica, B.occidentalis, Drepanotrema cimex, D.anatinum, D.lucidum e D.depressissimum; Physidae: Stenophysa marmorata; Ancylidae: Gundlachia sp.; Thiaridae: Aylacostoma sp.; Ampullaridae: Pomacea sp.; Pelecypoda, Sphaeriidae: Eupera primei e Pisidium sp. São apresentados dados de distribuição geográfica e discutida a importância epidemiológica dos achados. Abstract in english A malacological survey was carried in the State of Rondônia, Brazil, in order to establish the geographical distribution of aquatic mollusks with special emphasis on the genera Biomphalaria. Eleven counties along the BR-364 highway were studied, totaling 162 limnic ecossistems, of which 77 (48%) wer [...] e positive for at least one species of mollusk. The following species were found: Gastropoda, Planorbidae: Biomphalaria sp., B. amazônica, B. occidentalis, Drepanotrema anatinum, D. lucidum, D. depressissimum and D. cimex; Physidae: Stenophysa marmorata; Ancylidae: Gundlachia sp.; Thiariidae: Aylacostoma sp.; Ampullariidae: Pomacea sp.; Pelecypoda, Sphaeriidae: Eupera primei and Pisidium sp.. New geographical data are given and the epidemiological importance of these findings are discussed.

Carlos E.A., Coimbra Júnior; Ricardo Ventura, Santos.

1986-06-01

140

Moluscos aquáticos do Estado de Rondônia (Brasil, com especial referência ao gênero Biomphalaria Preston, 1910 (Pulmonata, Planorbidae Freshwater mollusks from the State of Rondônia (Brazil, with special reference to the genera Biomphalaria Preston, 1910 (Pulmonata, Planorbidae  

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Full Text Available Foi realizado no Estado de Rondônia, Brasil, levantamento malacológico com o objetivo de estabelecer a distribuição geográfica dos moluscos aquáticos, com ênfase especial no gênero Biomphalaria. Foram pesquisados 11 municípios ao longo da rodovia BR-364, totalizando 162 ecossistemas límnicos, dos quais 77 (48% apresentaram-se positivos para, pelo menos, uma espécie de molusco. As seguintes espécies foram encotradas: Gastropoda, Planorbidae: Biomphalaria sp., B.amazônica, B.occidentalis, Drepanotrema cimex, D.anatinum, D.lucidum e D.depressissimum; Physidae: Stenophysa marmorata; Ancylidae: Gundlachia sp.; Thiaridae: Aylacostoma sp.; Ampullaridae: Pomacea sp.; Pelecypoda, Sphaeriidae: Eupera primei e Pisidium sp. São apresentados dados de distribuição geográfica e discutida a importância epidemiológica dos achados.A malacological survey was carried in the State of Rondônia, Brazil, in order to establish the geographical distribution of aquatic mollusks with special emphasis on the genera Biomphalaria. Eleven counties along the BR-364 highway were studied, totaling 162 limnic ecossistems, of which 77 (48% were positive for at least one species of mollusk. The following species were found: Gastropoda, Planorbidae: Biomphalaria sp., B. amazônica, B. occidentalis, Drepanotrema anatinum, D. lucidum, D. depressissimum and D. cimex; Physidae: Stenophysa marmorata; Ancylidae: Gundlachia sp.; Thiariidae: Aylacostoma sp.; Ampullariidae: Pomacea sp.; Pelecypoda, Sphaeriidae: Eupera primei and Pisidium sp.. New geographical data are given and the epidemiological importance of these findings are discussed.

Carlos E.A. Coimbra Júnior

1986-06-01

141

Freshwater mollusks at designated areas in eleven provinces of Thailand according to the water resource development projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was conducted at 75 collecting loci in 15 districts of 11 provinces in Thailand during 1999-2004. A total of 12,079 live mollusks were collected, 11,874 were snails and 205 were clams. The snails were comprised of 39 species and classified into 9 families: Ampullariidae, Bithyniidae, Buccinidae, Potamiopsidae, Stenothyridae, Thiaridae, Viviparidae, Planorbidae and Lymnaeidae. The clams were comprised of 14 species classified into 2 families: Amblemidae and Corbiculidae. Fifteen species were medically important snails: Pomacea canaliculata, Pila ampullacea, P. pesmei, P. polita, Bithynia (Digoniostoma) funiculata, B. (D.) siamensis goniomphalos, B. (D.) s. siamensis, Filopaludina (Siamopaludina) martensi martensi, F. (Filopaludina) sumatrensis polygramma, Melanoides tuberculata, Tarebia granifera, Helicorbis umbilicalis, Gyraulus convexiusculus, Indoplanorbis exustus and Radix rubiginosa. Of these 3 snail species harbored trematode cercariae. I. exustus harbored Echinostoma malayanum, Xiphidio and Schistosoma spindale, and R. rubiginosa and B. (D.) siamensis goniomphalos harbored Xiphidio and intestinal flukes, respectively. PMID:17539279

Sri-aroon, Pusadee; Butraporn, Piyarat; Limsoomboon, Jareemate; Kaewpoolsri, Manus; Chusongsang, Yupa; Charoenjai, Prasasana; Chusongsang, Phiraphol; Numnuan, Suthep; Kiatsiri, Songtham

2007-03-01

142

Preliminary Screening a Potential AChE Inhibitor in Thai Golden Shower (Leguminosae mimosoideae Extracts  

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Full Text Available Pesticides are used to control pests of agriculture products in many countries including Thailand. Since they can exert harmful effects not only on target pests but also on other useful organisms, alternative agents are investigated. We studied the capacity of the Thai golden shower (Leguminosae mimosoideae extracts (root and pod to inhibit acetyl cholinestarese (AChE in the golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata as a pest representative. The results showed that the percentage of AChE inhibition increased with increasing in exposure times. The inhibition expressed the same trend in both male and female apple snails. AChE inhibition was higher in extracts from root than from pod. Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS chromatograms demonstrated anthraquinone, an AChE inhibitor, in extracts of golden shower. Our data indicate that a potential AChE inhibitor tends to accumulate more in the root part than in the pod.

Jakkaphun Nanuam

2013-07-01

143

Enzootic angiostrongyliasis in Guangzhou, China, 2008-2010.  

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This study was conducted to gain an understanding of the Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection status of rodent definitive host, snail intermediate host, and local residents in Guangzhou, China. A total of 430 rats were captured and 23 rats, from two species, were infected, with an average infection rate of 5.35%. A total of 795 Achatina fulica snails and 734 Pomacea canaliculata snails were collected. The average infection rates of these two species were 13.96% (111 of 795) and 1.50% (11 of 734), respectively. As for the seroprevalence of different occupations, the rate among the "general group" was significantly lower than the "occupational group." From this survey, Guangzhou is implicated to be the natural focus of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Rattus norvegicus and Achatina fulica play important roles in spreading this nematode in Guangzhou. Residents who live in Guangzhou, especially those working in certain industries such as agriculture, food-making, and aquaculture, face a higher risk of infection. PMID:22556086

Yang, Xiao; Qu, Zhenyu; He, Hualiang; Zheng, Xiaoying; He, Ai; Wu, Yu; Liu, Qian; Zhang, Dongjing; Wu, Zhongdao; Li, Zhuoya; Zhan, Ximei

2012-05-01

144

Enzootic Angiostrongyliasis in Guangzhou, China, 2008–2010  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to gain an understanding of the Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection status of rodent definitive host, snail intermediate host, and local residents in Guangzhou, China. A total of 430 rats were captured and 23 rats, from two species, were infected, with an average infection rate of 5.35%. A total of 795 Achatina fulica snails and 734 Pomacea canaliculata snails were collected. The average infection rates of these two species were 13.96% (111 of 795) and 1.50% (11 of 734), respectively. As for the seroprevalence of different occupations, the rate among the “general group” was significantly lower than the “occupational group.” From this survey, Guangzhou is implicated to be the natural focus of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Rattus norvegicus and Achatina fulica play important roles in spreading this nematode in Guangzhou. Residents who live in Guangzhou, especially those working in certain industries such as agriculture, food-making, and aquaculture, face a higher risk of infection. PMID:22556086

Yang, Xiao; Qu, Zhenyu; He, Hualiang; Zheng, Xiaoying; He, Ai; Wu, Yu; Liu, Qian; Zhang, Dongjing; Wu, Zhongdao; Li, Zhuoya; Zhan, Ximei

2012-01-01

145

First provincial survey of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in Guangdong Province, China.  

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The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a zoonotic nematode with a wide distribution. We report the first provincial survey of the prevalence of A. cantonensis infection among wild rodents and snails in Guangdong Province, China. A total of 2929 Pomacea canaliculata and 1354 Achatina fulica were collected from fields in 22 survey sites with a larval infection rates ranging from 0-26.6% to 0-45.4%. In addition, 114 Cipangopaludina sp and 252 Bellamya sp were bought from markets; larvae were found only in Bellamya snails from two survey sites with an infection rate of 1.4% (1/70) and 3.3% (3/91), respectively. Four hundred and ninety-one rodents were captured in nine sites (Rattus norvegicus, R. flavipectus, Suncus murinus, Mus musculus, Bandicota indica, R. losea and R. rattus). Adult worms were found in R. norvegicus, R. flavipectus and Bandicota indica. Our survey revealed a wide distribution of A. cantonensis and its intermediate hosts P. canaliculata and A. fulica in Guangdong. The prevalence of A. cantonensis in wild snails and rats poses a substantial risk for angiostrongyliasis in humans. PMID:21906215

Deng, Zhuo-Hui; Zhang, Qi-Ming; Huang, Shao-Yu; Jones, Jeffrey L

2012-01-01

146

Current Situation of Edible Snails in Indonesia  

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Full Text Available From March 7, 1995 to April 16, 1995 du ring the rainy season the utilisation of edible snails was investigated in Indonesia. To assess the current situation, the focus was put to answer the following questions : - Is it feasible under the present circumstances to domesticate these snails with the aim to conserve the natural resources ? - Could any individual or private initiative be enhanced or utilized ? - Would local disadvantaged groups (traditional animal farmers, women oryouths be benefitted through domestication of these snails ? - Is there any existing private organisation or NGO, which already gathers and trades the snails or would be interested to do this in the future ? Snails gatherers, -dealers and -farmers were visited and interviewed on the following topics using standardised questionnaires : Spreading and ecology ways of marketing, consumption habits, breeding and rearing. Diotopes were also visited and investigated. Results Spreading and ecology : Achatina fulica, Pomacea canaliculata, Pila ampullacea and Bellamia javanica are eaten. The snails can be found ail overJava. Ways of marketing : The snails gathered in the biotope are either marketed directly or through various marketing paths. A. fulica is exported in large quantifies. The population is therefore endangered. Consumption habits : Snails are not eaten regularly. Snail meat is known to be healthy. The consumption depends on the consumer's ethnie background. Breeding and rearing experience : with simple breeding systems for A. fulica and P. canaliculata are seldom found. The breeding of P. canaliculata is forbidden in Indonesia. There is no interest in breeding P. ampullacea or B. javanica. The breeding of A. fulica can ben-efit disadvantaged groups financially and help to conserving the natural snail population.

Schneider, K.

1999-01-01

147

Epidemiological survey of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in the west-central region of Guangdong Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study was to understand the Angiostrongylus cantonensis infectious situation of rodent definitive host, snail intermediate host, and local residents in the west-central region of Guangdong Province in China. The snails Achatina fulica and Pomacea canaliculata collected from the survey place were digested with artificial gastric juice, and the third-stage larvae of A. cantonensis in the snails were examined under microscope. The heart and lung of rats captured from the survey place were taken to check the adult of A. cantonensis. The questionnaire surveys related to the infection of A. cantonensis were taken in local residents randomly selected, and the IgG antibody against A. cantonensis was tested in those residents with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 1,391 rats including eight kinds of rats, such as Rattus norvegicus, Rattus flavipectus, Bandicota indica, Rattus sladeni, Mus musculus, Rattus rattoides, Suncus Murinus, and Rattus confucianus, were examined and 132 of them were infected by A. cantonensis, with an average infection rate of 9.49% and a mean intensity of A. cantonensis in infected rats was 9.39. A total of 3,184 snails A. fulica and 3,723 snails P. canaliculata were detected. The average infection rates of them were 25.03% (797/3,184) and 6.50% (242/3,723), respectively. There were 180 positive samples of IgG antibody against A. cantonensis in 1,800 serum samples of the residents, with a positive rate of 10.00%. The west-central region of Guangdong Province is the natural focus of A. cantonensis. In comparison with the investigation results in other regions of China, the infection rate of rat definitive host is at the middle level; in the intermediate host, the infection rate of snail A. fulica is above the middle level, and the infection rate of snail Pomacea canaliculata is below the middle level. Some local residents had already been infected by A. cantonensis or at the risk of being infected. PMID:21301874

Chen, Daixiong; Zhang, Yun; Shen, Haoxian; Wei, Yongfang; Huang, Di; Tan, Qiming; Lan, Xianqi; Li, Qingli; Chen, Zecheng; Li, Zhengtu; Ou, Le; Suen, Huibing; Ding, Xue; Luo, Xiaodong; Li, Xiaomin; Zhan, Ximei

2011-08-01

148

Heliacus (Gastropoda: Architectonicidae) symbiotic with Zoanthiniaria (Coelenterata).  

Science.gov (United States)

Eight species of Heliacus are obligate symbionts with Zoanthus and Palythoa, colonial zoanthid sea anemones. The gastropods live among Zoanthus polyps and under the edges of Palythoa incrustations, on which they feed and to which they and their egg masses are attached with sturdy but elastic mucous threads. PMID:4381423

Robertson, R

1967-04-14

149

Variações anatômicas em Lymnaea columella (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram estudadas variações anatômicas de espécimes de L. columella coletados de diferentes criadouros situados em diversos Municípios do Estado de São Paulo: Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava e Taubaté. As comparações morfométricas foram baseadas em estudos do aparelho genital, rim [...] e rádula. Foram medidos, para cada criadouro, os comprimentos do conjunto útero-vagina, dueto da espermateca, prepúcio e bainha do pênis. Foram ainda calculados os índices de relação entre bainha do pênis/prepúcio e estabelecidos os coeficientes de correlação entre comprimento da concha e comprimento do prepúcio. Cortes longitudiais do complexo peniano foram também objeto de estudo. Em relação a rádula foram determinados o número de fileiras transversais e o número de dentes por fileira, e estabelecida uma fórmula radular aproximada para os diversos criadouros. Abstract in english Soft parts of Lymnaea columella from ten populations from the State of São Paulo were studied in order to determine morphometric variations. These morphometric cornparisons were made upon reproductive system, kidney and radula of snail samples collected in different municipalities: Campinas, America [...] na, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava and Taubaté. Length measurementes of uterus, duct of spermatheca, prepuce and penis sheath were taken; the ratio penis sheath/prepuce and correlation coefficients between length of shell and length of prepuce were established. Longitudinal sections of penial complex were also studied. The number of trans verse rows, number of teeth per rows and the length of shell were determined. For each sample, the radular formula was indicated.

Marlene T., Ueta.

1977-12-01

150

Bulimulidae (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora do nordeste do Brasil  

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Full Text Available Results from studies with Bulimulidae from Northeast Brazil, with special reference to the State of Pernambuco, are presented. About 14 spp., of Bulimulidae s.s. were collected and represent one of the most diversified families of land snails in this area. From these, Drymaeus rufolineatus (Droüet, 1859 and Simpulopsis corrugata, Guppy, 1866, were recorded for the first time in Northeast Brazil and a new subspecies Drymaeus b. goianensis is described. Data of geografic distribution, ecology and shell morphology for each species are given.

A.V.C. Dutra-Clarke

1990-01-01

151

Bulimulidae (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) do nordeste do Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Results from studies with Bulimulidae from Northeast Brazil, with special reference to the State of Pernambuco, are presented. About 14 spp., of Bulimulidae s.s. were collected and represent one of the most diversified families of land snails in this area. From these, Drymaeus rufolineatus (Droüet, [...] 1859) and Simpulopsis corrugata, Guppy, 1866, were recorded for the first time in Northeast Brazil and a new subspecies Drymaeus b. goianensis is described. Data of geografic distribution, ecology and shell morphology for each species are given.

A.V.C., Dutra-Clarke; F.B.V.A. de, Souza.

152

Malacological assessment and natural infestation of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) by Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) And Chaetogaster limnaei (K. Von Baer, 1827) in an urban eutrophic watershed.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to perform a malacological assessment at the Ibirité reservoir watershed in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais) and to evaluate the natural infestation rate of Biomphalaria straminea (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) by Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda) and Chaetogaster limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae). The samples were collected from July to August 2002. The B. straminea individuals collected were kept in the laboratory; the natural infestation rate by S. mansoni and C. limnaei was assessed weekly. The malacological assessment identified five mollusk species present in the Ibirité reservoir watershed: B. straminea, Physa marmorata, Lymnea sp., Melanoides tuberculatus, and Pomacea austrum. Laboratory observations showed that the B. straminea individuals were infected by C. limnaei rather than S. mansoni. Although there was no infection of B. straminea by S. mansoni, presence of B. straminea in itself merits close attention due to possible risk of human schistosomiasis by the local population. PMID:16097724

Callisto, M; Moreno, P; Gonçalves, J F; Ferreira, W R; Gomes, C L Z

2005-05-01

153

Malacological assessment and natural infestation of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) by Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) and Chaetogaster limnaei (K. von Baer, 1827) in an urban eutrophic watershed / Levantamento malacológico e infestação natural de Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) por Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907) e Chaetogaster limnaei (K. von Baer, 1827) em uma bacia hidrográfica eutrofizada urbana (MG, Brasil)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar um levantamento malacológico na bacia do reservatório de Ibirité, na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais), e avaliar a taxa de infestação natural de Biomphalaria straminea (Gastropoda: Planorbidae)por Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminthes: Tremato [...] da) e Chaetogaster limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae). As amostragens foram realizadas de julho a agosto de 2002. Os espécimes de B. straminea coletados foram levados para o laboratório e as avaliações da taxa de infestação foram realizadas semanalmente. O levantamento malacológico identificou cinco espécies de moluscos presentes na bacia do reservatório: B. straminea, Physa marmorata, Lymnea sp., Melanoides tuberculatus e Pomacea austrum. As observações em laboratório mostraram que os espécimes de B. straminea estavam infectados somente por C. limnaei. Apesar de não ter sido encontrado S. mansoni, a presença desse planorbídeo deve ser vista com atenção, em decorrência da possibilidade de infecção com esquistossomose humana para a população local. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to perform a malacological assessment at the Ibirité reservoir watershed in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais) and to evaluate the natural infestation rate of Biomphalaria straminea (Gastropoda: Planorbidae)by Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminthes [...] : Trematoda) and Chaetogaster limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae). The samples were collected from July to August 2002. The B. straminea individuals collected were kept in the laboratory; the natural infestation rate by S. mansoni and C. limnaei was assessed weekly. The malacological assessment identified fivemollusk species present in the Ibirité reservoir watershed: B. straminea, Physa marmorata, Lymnea sp., Melanoides tuberculatus,and Pomacea austrum. Laboratory observations showed that the B. straminea individuals were infected by C. limnaei rather than S. mansoni. Although there was no infection of B. straminea by S. mansoni,presence of B. straminea in itself merits close attention due to possible risk of human schistosomiasis by the local population.

M., Callisto; P., Moreno; J. F. Jr., Gonçalves; W. R., Ferreira; C. L. Z., Gomes.

2005-05-01

154

Malacological assessment and natural infestation of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848 by Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907 and Chaetogaster limnaei (K. von Baer, 1827 in an urban eutrophic watershed Levantamento malacológico e infestação natural de Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848 por Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907 e Chaetogaster limnaei (K. von Baer, 1827 em uma bacia hidrográfica eutrofizada urbana (MG, Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study was to perform a malacological assessment at the Ibirité reservoir watershed in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais and to evaluate the natural infestation rate of Biomphalaria straminea (Gastropoda: Planorbidaeby Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda and Chaetogaster limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae. The samples were collected from July to August 2002. The B. straminea individuals collected were kept in the laboratory; the natural infestation rate by S. mansoni and C. limnaei was assessed weekly. The malacological assessment identified fivemollusk species present in the Ibirité reservoir watershed: B. straminea, Physa marmorata, Lymnea sp., Melanoides tuberculatus,and Pomacea austrum. Laboratory observations showed that the B. straminea individuals were infected by C. limnaei rather than S. mansoni. Although there was no infection of B. straminea by S. mansoni,presence of B. straminea in itself merits close attention due to possible risk of human schistosomiasis by the local population.O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar um levantamento malacológico na bacia do reservatório de Ibirité, na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, e avaliar a taxa de infestação natural de Biomphalaria straminea (Gastropoda: Planorbidaepor Schistosoma mansoni (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda e Chaetogaster limnaei (Oligochaeta: Naididae. As amostragens foram realizadas de julho a agosto de 2002. Os espécimes de B. straminea coletados foram levados para o laboratório e as avaliações da taxa de infestação foram realizadas semanalmente. O levantamento malacológico identificou cinco espécies de moluscos presentes na bacia do reservatório: B. straminea, Physa marmorata, Lymnea sp., Melanoides tuberculatus e Pomacea austrum. As observações em laboratório mostraram que os espécimes de B. straminea estavam infectados somente por C. limnaei. Apesar de não ter sido encontrado S. mansoni, a presença desse planorbídeo deve ser vista com atenção, em decorrência da possibilidade de infecção com esquistossomose humana para a população local.

M. Callisto

2005-05-01

155

Pseudosuccinea columella (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) en Camagüey / Pseudosuccinea columella (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) in Camagüey  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introduccion: la fasciolosis es una enfermedad emergente en el mundo, tiene un comportamiento esporádico en Cuba y afecta seriamente al ganado vacuno. Objetivo: reportar la presencia y distribución de Pseudosuccinea columella en la provincia de Camagüey, Cuba. Metodos: se encuestaron 455 criaderos n [...] aturales o potenciales de moluscos dulceacuícolas de la provincia Camagüey, mediante un colador de bronce de 15 cm con 1 mm de paso de malla durante 30 min, removiendo el sustrato fangoso y la vegetación colindante, sin reposición de los ejemplares capturados. Resultados: se reporta la especie en 23 cuerpos de agua del total encuestado (5,05 %), que son 15 lagunas (65,21 %), 4 arroyos (17,39 %), 3 ríos (13,04 %) y 1 micropresa (4,36 %). El municipio con mayor positividad resultó Camagüey con 16 en total (69,56 %). Pseudosuccinea columella se encontró relacionada únicamente con Physa acuta en 5 de los acuatorios positivos a la especie (21,73 %), siempre en bajas densidades. Conclusiones: la limitada distribución de Pseudosuccinea columella, disminuye su relevancia en comparación con Galba cubensis, considerada el más importante hospedero intermediario de Fasciola hepatica en Cuba. La acción de las diferentes variables abióticas, como probables factores limitantes o dispersivos de Pseudosuccinea columella en los diferentes acuatorios camagüeyanos, está siendo objeto de investigación. Abstract in english Introduction: fascioliasis is an emerging disease worldwide. In Cuba its occurrence is sporadic, seriously affecting cattle. Objective: report the presence and distribution of Pseudosuccinea columella in the province of Camagüey, Cuba. Methods: a survey was conducted of 455 actual or potential fresh [...] water mollusk breeding sites in the province of Camagüey, using a 1-mm-mesh bronze sieve 15 cm in diameter for 30 min. Both the muddy substratum and the adjoining vegetation were removed without replacing the specimens captured. Results: the species was found in 23 of the water bodies surveyed (5.05 %), namely 15 inland lagoons (65.21 %), 4 streams (17.39 %), 3 rivers (13.04 %) and 1 micro-dam (4.36 %). The municipality with the highest positivity rate was Camagüey with 16 (69.56 %). Pseudosuccinea columella was found to be related only to Physa acuta in 5 of the positive water bodies (21.73 %), and in all cases its density was low. Conclusions: the limited distribution of Pseudosuccinea columella lowers its relevance in comparison with Galba cubensis, which is considered to be the main intermediary host of Fasciola hepatica in Cuba. Research is currently in progress into the role of the various abiotic variables as probable factors limiting or dispersing Pseudosuccinea columella in Camagüey water bodies.

Raisa, Vázquez Capote; Lorenzo, Diéguez Fernández; Ubaldo, del Risco Barrios; Rigoberto, Fimia Duarte; Antonio Alejandro, Vázquez Perera.

2013-09-01

156

The Use of Golden Snail (Pomacea sp. as Animal Feed in the Philippines  

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Full Text Available The golden snail is introduced to the Philippines in early 80's for culture as food source. This herbivorous snail, a voracious feeder of live and fresh plant materials become a serious rice pest. Its elimination in the ecosystems is impossible. To use them as animal feed is much better alternative for their control and more environmentally friendly than the use of chemicals. Thus, this mini review paper aimed to collate any existing information on the use of golden snail as animal feed. The different meal forms that can be extracted are golden snail meal (30 % calcium and 15 % crude protein, golden snail meat meal (62 % crude protein and 3336 kcal/kg and golden shell meal (35 % calcium. Feeding trials indicate that golden snail meal can be a part of swine and chicken layer diets up to 15 %. Golden snail meat meal can be a part of broiler chicken diet up to 12 %. Feeding fresh and ground golden snail to ducks can replace 50 % of their diet under total confinement system. Whereas, golden snail meat meal (75 % of the diet plus rice bran can be beneficially fed to tilapia. With the information collated, golden snail can be a promising animal feed in the Philippines.

Serra, AB.

1997-01-01

157

Composição das espécies de moluscos bentônicos nos reservatórios do baixo rio Tietê (São Paulo, Brasil com uma avaliação do impacto causado pelas espécies exóticas invasoras Species composition of benthic molluscs in the reservoirs of Low Tietê River (São Paulo, Brazil with an evaluation of the impact of exotic invader species  

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Full Text Available A composição taxonômica, a densidade e a distribuição espacial de moluscos bentônicos nos reservatórios do baixo rio Tietê (São Paulo foram analisadas. A amostragem dos moluscos foi realizada em novembro de 2002 e agosto de 2003. As características físicas e químicas dos reservatórios também foram avaliadas buscando-se correlacioná-las à composição taxonômica e à distribuição dos táxons através da Análise de Correspondência Canônica (ACC. A espécie exótica Melanoides tuberculata esteve distribuída em todas as porções amostradas e foi a espécie mais abundante, correspondendo a 65,9% ou mais da abundância total, sendo dominante em todos os reservatórios, com densidade máxima de 23753 ind.m-2 registrada na profundidade de 2 m da porção superior do reservatório de Nova Avanhandava. As demais espécies exóticas, Corbicula fluminea e Helisoma sp., foram bem menos abundantes e não foram registradas em todas as porções dos reservatórios. As espécies nativas foram Aylacostoma tenuilabris, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. intermedia, Physa cubensis e Pomacea canaliculata. Essas espécies representaram menos de 20% das espécies presentes nos reservatórios, ocorreram em abundância baixa e em densidades bem inferiores àquelas das espécies exóticas, principalmente em relação a M. tuberculata, podendo indicar o impacto das espécies exóticas invasoras sobre as populações nativas.The taxonomic composition, density and the spatial distribution of benthic molluscs in low Tietê, São Paulo reservoirs were analyzed in November 2002 and August 2003. The exotic species Melanoides tuberculata was distributed in all portions sampled and was the most abundant species, corresponding to 65.9% or more of the total abundance, being dominant in all reservoirs, with a maximum density of 23,753 ind.m-2 recorded in the depth of 2 m, at the superior portion of Nova Avanhandava reservoir.The other exotic species, Corbicula fluminea and Helisoma sp., were much less abundant and they were not registered in all portions of the reservoirs. The native species were Aylacostoma tenuilabris, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. intermedia, Physa cubensis and Pomacea canaliculata. These species contributed with less than 20% of the total abundance of molluscs in the reservoirs, occurring in low densities, much inferior to those of the exotic species, mainly regarding M. tuberculata, possibly indicating the impact of the exotic invader species on the native populations.

Roberta S. França

2007-03-01

158

Composição das espécies de moluscos bentônicos nos reservatórios do baixo rio Tietê (São Paulo, Brasil) com uma avaliação do impacto causado pelas espécies exóticas invasoras / Species composition of benthic molluscs in the reservoirs of Low Tietê River (São Paulo, Brazil) with an evaluation of the impact of exotic invader species  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A composição taxonômica, a densidade e a distribuição espacial de moluscos bentônicos nos reservatórios do baixo rio Tietê (São Paulo) foram analisadas. A amostragem dos moluscos foi realizada em novembro de 2002 e agosto de 2003. As características físicas e químicas dos reservatórios também foram [...] avaliadas buscando-se correlacioná-las à composição taxonômica e à distribuição dos táxons através da Análise de Correspondência Canônica (ACC). A espécie exótica Melanoides tuberculata esteve distribuída em todas as porções amostradas e foi a espécie mais abundante, correspondendo a 65,9% ou mais da abundância total, sendo dominante em todos os reservatórios, com densidade máxima de 23753 ind.m-2 registrada na profundidade de 2 m da porção superior do reservatório de Nova Avanhandava. As demais espécies exóticas, Corbicula fluminea e Helisoma sp., foram bem menos abundantes e não foram registradas em todas as porções dos reservatórios. As espécies nativas foram Aylacostoma tenuilabris, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. intermedia, Physa cubensis e Pomacea canaliculata. Essas espécies representaram menos de 20% das espécies presentes nos reservatórios, ocorreram em abundância baixa e em densidades bem inferiores àquelas das espécies exóticas, principalmente em relação a M. tuberculata, podendo indicar o impacto das espécies exóticas invasoras sobre as populações nativas. Abstract in english The taxonomic composition, density and the spatial distribution of benthic molluscs in low Tietê, São Paulo reservoirs were analyzed in November 2002 and August 2003. The exotic species Melanoides tuberculata was distributed in all portions sampled and was the most abundant species, corresponding to [...] 65.9% or more of the total abundance, being dominant in all reservoirs, with a maximum density of 23,753 ind.m-2 recorded in the depth of 2 m, at the superior portion of Nova Avanhandava reservoir.The other exotic species, Corbicula fluminea and Helisoma sp., were much less abundant and they were not registered in all portions of the reservoirs. The native species were Aylacostoma tenuilabris, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. intermedia, Physa cubensis and Pomacea canaliculata. These species contributed with less than 20% of the total abundance of molluscs in the reservoirs, occurring in low densities, much inferior to those of the exotic species, mainly regarding M. tuberculata, possibly indicating the impact of the exotic invader species on the native populations.

Roberta S., França; Ana L., Suriani; Odete, Rocha.

2007-03-01

159

Estructura y neotectónica de Las Lomas de Olmedo, zona de transición entre los Sistemas Subandino y de Santa Bárbara, provincia de Salta Structure and neotectonics of the Lomas de Olmedo, a transition zone between the Subandean and Santa Bárbara Systems, province of Salta  

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Full Text Available El presente estudio muestra las evidencias de deformación neotectónica en la región del noroeste argentino de lomas de Olmedo, provincia de Salta. Esta región ubicada en el frente orogénico a los 24°S de latitud comprende la zona de transición entre las Sierras Subandinas al norte, de tipo epidérmico con vergencia al este, o Sistema Subandino sensu stricto, y un segmento austral correspondiente al Sistema de Santa Bárbara producido por inversión tectónica de fallas normales con vergencia al oeste. Entre estos dos segmentos con diferente comportamiento se ubican las lomas de Olmedo, que muestran un complejo diseño de fallas activas. Depósitos de edad paleógena que constituyen las facies de hundimiento térmico de las fases finales del rift del Grupo Salta y los depósitos sinorogénicos neógenos de la cuenca de antepaís subandina, se hallan plegados y corridos sobre depósitos cuaternarios en el anticlinal de lomas de Olmedo. Los sedimentos terciarios están corridos sobre los depósitos lacustres de la Formación El Chorro de edad cuaternaria. Las edades 14C en conchillas de gasterópodos de esta unidad pertenecientes a Pomacea canaliculata arrojaron una edad de 7.962 ± 45 BP años para estos depósitos. Las fallas inversas con vergencia al este indican para la mayor parte del Holoceno una tasa de acortamiento orogénico de 2,34 mm/a para el frente tectónico en la zona de transición entre los dos sistemas de la faja plegada y corrida subandina.The present study shows evidence of neotectonic deformation in the Northwestern Argentina region of Lomas de Olmedo, province of Salta. This region is located in the orogenic front at 24°S latitude and encompasses a transition zone between the Sierras Subandinas to the north, a thin-skinned belt with east vergence, or Subandean System sensu stricto, and a southern segment corresponding to the Santa Bárbara System produced by tectonic inversion of normal faults with west vergence. Between this two segments of different behavior are the Lomas de Olmedo, which have a complex array of active faults. Paleogene deposits of the sag phases produced during thermal subsidence of the Salta rift system, and Neogene synorogenic deposits related to the Andean uplift are folded and thrust on the Quaternary deposits of the El Chorro Formation of Quaternary age. The 14C ages from gastropod shells from this unit belonging to Pomacea canaliculata yielded an age of 7,962 ± 45 BP years for these deposits. The reverse faults with east vergence indicate a shortening rate for most of the Holocene of 2.34 mm/a for the tectonic thrust front in the transition zone between the two fold and thrust belts of the Subandean area.

V.A. Ramos

2006-12-01

160

First egg protein with a neurotoxic effect on mice.  

Science.gov (United States)

While many invertebrates sequester toxic compounds to endow eggs with chemical defences, here we show, for the first time to our knowledge, the identification of a neurotoxin of proteinaceous nature localized inside an egg. Egg extracts from the freshwater apple snail Pomacea canaliculata displayed a neurotoxic effect in mice upon intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) (LD50, 96h 2.3mg/kg). Egg protein and total lipids were analysed separately and the only fraction displaying a highly toxic effect (LD50, 96h 0.25mg/kg, i.p.) was further purified to homogeneity as an oligomeric glyco-lipoprotein of 400kDa and two subunits biochemically and immunologically indistinguishable from the previously described perivitellin PV2. The neurotoxin was heat sensitive and there was evidence of circulating antibody response to sublethal i.p. doses on mice. Clinical signs, histopathological and immunocytochemical studies revealed damage mostly in mice spinal cord. Experiments showed chromatolysis and a decreased response to calbindin D-28K associated with a significant increase of TUNEL-positive cells in the dorsal horn neurons. These results suggest that calcium buffering and apoptosis may play a role in the neurological disorders induced by the toxin in mammalian central nervous system. This is the first report of a mollusc neurotoxin genetically encoded outside the cone-snail species. PMID:18640143

Heras, Horacio; Frassa, M Victoria; Fernández, Patricia E; Galosi, Cecilia M; Gimeno, Eduardo J; Dreon, Marcos S

2008-09-01

161

Snails and trematode infection after Indian Ocean tsunami in Phang-Nga Province, southern Thailand.  

Science.gov (United States)

The tsunami and non-tsunami affected areas of Takua Pa District, Phang-Nga Province were investigated for fresh- and brackish-water snails that transmit human parasitic diseases during 2006 and 2007. Among 46 snail species found, 17 species of 8 families were freshwater snails, 28 species of another 7 families were brackish-water snails, and 1 species was a land snail. Of these species, 11 freshwater snails, 4 brackish-water snails and 1 land snail were of medical importance. The fresh-water snails were Pomacea canaliculata, Pila angelica, P. gracilis, P. polita, Filopaludina (S.) martensi, F. (F.) s. polygramma, Melanoides tuberculata, Indoplanorbis exuxtus, Radix rubiginosa, Helicorbis umbilicalis, Gyraulus convexiusculus. Four brackish-water snails were Cerithidea cingulata, C. djadjarensis, C. alata, Sermyla riqueti and Achatina fulica was the land snail. I. exutus, M. tuberculata and F. (F.) s. polygramma harbored Xiphidio, Microcercus, Furocercus, Echinostome cercariae, and cercaria without eyespots or tail with hair. Three species of brackish-water snails, Cerithidia cingulata, C. djadjariensis, and C. alata presented with 6 types of trematode cercariae and rediae. Knowledge of medically important snails and their parasitic diseases, and prevention were given to Takua Pa people by poster, pamphlets and broadcasting through community radio. PMID:20578482

Sri-Aroon, Pusadee; Chusongsang, Phiraphol; Chusongsang, Yupa; Pornpimol, Surinthwong; Butraporn, Piyarat; Lohachit, Chantima

2010-01-01

162

Uji selektivitas fraksi R f < 0,5 ekstrak MeOH biji putat air (Barringtonia racemosa terhadap ikan mujair (Oreochromis mossambicus  

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Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to evaluate the selectivity of the Rf < 0.5 fraction of MeOH extract of putat air kernels (Barringtonia racemosa on golden snail (Pomacea canaliculata and tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus. The research was conducted on November 2011 to February 2012 at Chemical Laboratory of Teacher Training and Education Facultyand Marine Chemical Laboratory of Coordinatorate of Marine and Fisheries of Syiah Kuala University. Thin-layer chromatography was used as the separation technique towards component compounds in the extract samples. The research was used five levels concentration of Rf < 0.5 fraction of MeOH solution (20 ppm, 40 ppm, 60 ppm, 80 ppm, 100 ppm with three repetitions. Mortality rates of golden snails and tilapia were detected when they were exposure to Rf < 0.5 fraction of MeOH extract of B. racemosa kernels. The data were analyzed by Probit, and selectivity value (S was calculated by Feng and Wang formula. The results revealed that Rf < 0.5 fraction of MeOH extract of putat air kernels was selective to golden apple snails.

Musri Musman

2012-08-01

163

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae: first record for Venezuela  

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Full Text Available Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 was collected in Mucubaji, Merida State, Venezuela, from a permanent pond located at a very high altitude (3760 m. Identification of the collected specimens was made by comparison with the original description of the shell by Jousseaume and the description of the renal organ and reproductive system of topotypic specimens by Paraense.

JP Pointier

2004-10-01

164

Introduction to Physidae (Gastropoda: Hygrophila); biogeography, classification, morphology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physidae, a world-wide family of freshwater snails with about 80 species, are reclassified by progressive characters of the penial complex (the terminal male reproductive system): form and composition of penial sheath and preputium, proportions and structure of penis, presence or absence of penial stylet, site of pore of penial canal, and number and insertions of penial retractor muscles. Observation of these characters, many not recognized previously, has been possible only by the technique used in anesthetizing, fixing, and preserving. These progressive characters are the principal basis of 23 genera, four grades and four clades within the family. The two established subfamilies are divided into seven new tribes including 11 new genera, with diagnoses and lists of species referred to each. Proposed as new are: in Aplexinae, Austrinautini, with Austrinauta g.n. and Caribnautu harryi g.n., nom.nov.; Aplexini; Amecanautini with Amecanauta jaliscoensis g.n., sp.n., Mexinauta g.n., and Mayabina g.n., with M. petenensis, polita, sanctijohannis, tempisquensis spp.nn., Tropinauta sinusdulcensis g.n., sp.n.; and Stenophysini, with Stenophysa spathidophallus sp.n.; in Physinae, Haitiini, with Haitia moreleti sp.n.; Physini, with Laurentiphysa chippevarum g.n., sp.n., Physa mirollii nom.nou.; and Physellini, with Chiapaphysa g.n., and C. grijalvae, C. pacifica spp.nn., Utahphysa g.n., Archiphysa g.n., with A. ashmuni, A. sonomae spp.nn., Physella hemphilli sp.n., and Ultraphysella sinaloae g.n., sp.n. The simplest reproductive system is found in Austrinauta of the Aplexinae; its penial complex approaches that in the related family Lymnaeidae. Within Physinae a close approximation is found in Haitia. By these two genera the two subfamilies are drawn close together. Four grades of progressive complexity are recognized: (I) penial sheath entirely muscular; (II) penial sheath with both glandular and muscular tissue; (III) penis with penial stylet or other specialization of the tip of the penis; and (IV) pore of penial canal lateral rather than terminal as in the lower grades. In both subfamilies there are clades with glandular tissue in the penial sheath, a penial sheath subdivided into two parts, and tip of penis specialized in various ways. These clades are formalized as new tribes. Of 23 genera of Physidae, 17 occur in Pacific drainages of North and Central America, eight of these restricted to the region. Concentration of primitive genera along the Pacific coast from Mexico to Costa Rica conforms to previous observations that primitive pulmonate families are concentrated within, or along the continental margins of, the Pacific Ocean. An ancestral origin of Physidae along an ancient eastern Pacific coast is probable. From this region the several lineages have spread north, south and east in the Americas, and through Siberia to Europe. Although Physinae have fewer genera than Aplexinae (11 v. 12), they have more species (47 v. 34). Greater land area in the temperate zone has provided more opportunity for speciation of Physinae, in contrast to the generally tropical and warm-temperate range of Aplexinae. Furthermore, 10 species of Physinae are localized in individual lakes, whereas Aplexinae are not lake-dwellers. Both well-developed egg strings and capsular strings are found in the spawn of Sibirenauta elongatus. These structures have been known in Lymnaeidae, but not hitherto in Physidae; they are a link with some marine groups, such as Siphonariidae. Spiral color bands and white streaks in the shell of Mexinauta recall those in Lancidae (Lymnaeacea), whereas the radula of Physidae is like that of Chilinidae. Physidae thus show affinities to various basal stocks of aquatic pulmonates; no clear-cut sister-group can be recognized. Most species have a restricted range; out of 55 with sufficiently detailed information for analysis, 25 are limited to a single 1 degrees x 1 degrees quadrangle. Only a few species are widespread, on one or even two continents. Accordingly, more species of Physidae are threatened by habitat destruction tha

Taylor, Dwight W

2003-03-01

165

Cytotaxonomic studies of the family Helicidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

OpenAIRE

The cytotaxonomy of about 68 species of Helicidae have been investigated up to date, so we might consider it moderately known. Many of these results are due to Perrot, 1938 a, b, e, recent papers being scaree (L a w s, 1965, R a i n e r, 1967, B u t o t and K i a u t a, 1969, 1970). Coneerning the Iberian Peninsula no species have been studied so far. In this work we study the chromosomes of twelve species belonging to the subfamilies Helicellinae, Cochlicellinae, Mona-chinae and ...

Aparicio, M. ª. T.

1981-01-01

166

Miocene Vetigastropoda and Neritimorpha (Mollusca, Gastropoda) of central Chile  

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Species of Vetigastropoda (Fissurellidae, Turbinidae, Trochidae) and one species of Neritimorpha (Neritidae) from the Navidad area, south of Valpara?´so, and the Arauco Peninsula, south of Concepción, are described. Among these, the Fissurellidae comprise Diodora fragilis n. sp., Diodora pupuyana n. sp., two additional unnamed species of Diodora, and a species resembling Fissurellidea. Turbinidae are represented by Cantrainea sp., and Trochidae include Tegula (Chlorostoma) austropacifica n. sp., Tegula (Chlorostoma) chilena n. sp., Tegula (Chlorostoma) matanzensis n. sp., Tegula (Agathistoma) antiqua n. sp., Bathybembix mcleani n. sp., Gibbula poeppigii [Philippi, 1887] n. comb., Diloma miocenica n. sp., Fagnastesia venefica [Philippi, 1887] n. gen. n. comb., Fagnastesia matanzana n. gen. n. sp., Calliostoma mapucherum n. sp., Calliostoma kleppi n. sp., Calliostoma covacevichi n. sp., Astele laevis [Sowerby, 1846] n. comb., and Monilea riorapelensis n. sp. The Neritidae are represented by Nerita (Heminerita) chilensis [Philippi, 1887]. The new genus Fagnastesia is introduced to represent low-spired trochoideans with a sculpture of nodes below the suture, angulated whorls, and a wide umbilicus. This Miocene Chilean fauna includes genera that have lived at the coast and in shallow, relatively warm water or deeper, much cooler water. This composition therefore suggests that many of the Miocene formations along the central Chilean coast consist of displaced sediments. A comparison with different fossil and Recent faunas from around the Pacific and South America indicates that the vetigastropod and neritid fauna from the Miocene of Chile has only minor affinities with taxa living near New Zealand, Argentina, and the tropical eastern Pacific at that time.

Nielsen, Sven N.; Frassinetti, Daniel; Bandel, Klaus

2004-09-01

167

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae): first record for Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 was collected in Mucubaji, Merida State, Venezuela, from a permanent pond located at a very high altitude (3760 m). Identification of the collected specimens was made by comparison with the original description of the shell by Jousseaume and the description of the re [...] nal organ and reproductive system of topotypic specimens by Paraense.

JP, Pointier; O, Noya; M, Amarista; A, Théron.

2004-10-01

168

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887, from Ecuador (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

OpenAIRE

A description is given of the shell, renal organ, reproductive system and radula of topotypic specimens of Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887. A diagnosis between it and four other lymnaeids which also occur in South America and were previously studied by the author (L. columella, L. diaphana, L. viatrix and L. rupestris) is presented.

Lobato Paraense, W.

1995-01-01

169

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae): first record for Venezuela  

OpenAIRE

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 was collected in Mucubaji, Merida State, Venezuela, from a permanent pond located at a very high altitude (3760 m). Identification of the collected specimens was made by comparison with the original description of the shell by Jousseaume and the description of the renal organ and reproductive system of topotypic specimens by Paraense.

Jp, Pointier; Noya, O.; Amarista, M.; The?ron, A.

2004-01-01

170

Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887, from Ecuador (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english A description is given of the shell, renal organ, reproductive system and radula of topotypic specimens of Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887. A diagnosis between it and four other lymnaeids which also occur in South America and were previously studied by the author (L. columella, L. diaphana, L. viat [...] rix and L. rupestris) is presented.

W. Lobato, Paraense.

1995-10-01

171

Reproduction of Omalonyx matheroni (Gastropoda: Succineidae) under laboratory conditions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: English Abstract in english The life histories of succineids have received relatively little attention. To evaluate life history characteristics of Omalonyx matheroni, we studied a Brazilian population (Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Feliciano Miguel Abdala, in Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil) under laboratory condit [...] ions. The aims of the present study were (1) to describe in detail an appropriate rearing method; (2) to investigate the effects of different temperature and photoperiod conditions; and (3) to assess the effects of self and cross-fertilization on the reproductive biology of these mollusks. We studied the oviposition site, the time to sexual maturity and the influences of photoperiod and temperature on reproductive parameters of O. matheroni reared under laboratory conditions. We tested three combinations of temperature and photoperiod, designated A, B and C (A: 25ºC, 24 hours of light; B: environmental conditions of temperature and photoperiod, characterized as follows: average máximum temperature=27.1ºC, average minimum temperature=18.3ºC, average day length=12.06 hours; and C: 25ºC, zero hours of light) and two rearing densities (I: isolated and G: grouped) on reproductive parameters (number of eggs per egg mass, number of unviable eggs per mass, egg mass incubation period, and duration of the hatching period). A total of 186 individuals and 565 egg masses were studied. Data were analyzed by Student’s t-test, two-way ANOVA and Chi-Square test. Eight generations were produced (March/2004-March/2006), from 35 field specimens, 91% of 3 197 eggs hatched. The time to sexual maturity was approximately three months for individuals reared in groups or in isolation (Student’s t-test: t=1.41, df=31, p=0.16); however, they differed significantly in weight (Student’s t-test: t=3.6, df=31, p

Lângia, Montresor; Ana, Teixeira; Adriano, Paglia; Teofânia, Vidigal.

2012-06-01

172

Reproduction of Omalonyx matheroni (Gastropoda: Succineidae) under laboratory conditions  

OpenAIRE

The life histories of succineids have received relatively little attention. To evaluate life history characteristics of Omalonyx matheroni, we studied a Brazilian population (Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Feliciano Miguel Abdala, in Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil) under laboratory conditions. The aims of the present study were (1) to describe in detail an appropriate rearing method; (2) to investigate the effects of different temperature and photoperiod conditions; and (3) to ass...

Lângia Montresor; Ana Teixeira; Adriano Paglia; Teofânia Vidigal

2012-01-01

173

Reproduction of Omalonyx matheroni (Gastropoda: Succineidae) under laboratory conditions.  

Science.gov (United States)

The life histories of succineids have received relatively little attention. To evaluate life history characteristics of Omalonyx matheroni, we studied a Brazilian population (Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Feliciano Miguel Abdala, in Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil) under laboratory conditions. The aims of the present study were (1) to describe in detail an appropriate rearing method; (2) to investigate the effects of different temperature and photoperiod conditions; and (3) to assess the effects of self and cross-fertilization on the reproductive biology of these mollusks. We studied the oviposition site, the time to sexual maturity and the influences of photoperiod and temperature on reproductive parameters of O. matheroni reared under laboratory conditions. We tested three combinations of temperature and photoperiod, designated A, B and C (A: 25degreeC, 24 hours of light; B: environmental conditions of temperature and photoperiod, characterized as follows: average maximum temperature=27.1 degreeC, average minimum temperature=18.3 degreeC, average day length=12.06 hours; and C: 25 degreeC, zero hours of light) and two rearing densities (I: isolated and G: grouped) on reproductive parameters (number of eggs per egg mass, number of unviable eggs per mass, egg mass incubation period, and duration of the hatching period). A total of 186 individuals and 565 egg masses were studied. Data were analyzed by Student's t-test, two-way ANOVA and Chi-Square test. Eight generations were produced (March/2004-March/2006), from 35 field specimens, 91% of 3 197 eggs hatched. The time to sexual maturity was approximately three months for individuals reared in groups or in isolation (Student's t-test: t=1.41, df=31, p=0.16); however, they differed significantly in weight (Student's t-test: t=3.6, df=31, p<0.001). Regarding the influences of temperature and photoperiod on reproductive parameters, under natural environmental conditions, individuals produced a greater number of eggs per mass (ANOVA: F2573,=84.15, p<0.001), with a longer incubation period (ANOVA: F2559=170.05, p<0.001). The extreme photoperiod conditions of 24 hours of light or zero hours of light likely imposed stress and could be related to the significant reductions in the number of eggs per mass, and egg incubation period as well as the increased synchrony in egg hatching. No correlations were observed between the number of unviable eggs per mass and the temperature, photoperiod (ANOVA: F2573=0.87, p=0.92) or rearing density (ANOVA: F1 .573=0.21, p=0.64). Individuals reared in isolation under natural conditions produced more eggs per mass and did not presented any disadvantage with respect to the variables analyzed as compared to the animals reared in groups. These results indicate that O. matheroni can successfully reproduce by selfing. PMID:23894928

Montresor, Lângia; Teixeira, Ana; Paglia, Adriano; Vidigal, Teofânia

2012-06-01

174

Reproduction of Omalonyx matheroni (Gastropoda: Succineidae under laboratory conditions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The life histories of succineids have received relatively little attention. To evaluate life history characteristics of Omalonyx matheroni, we studied a Brazilian population (Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Feliciano Miguel Abdala, in Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil under laboratory conditions. The aims of the present study were (1 to describe in detail an appropriate rearing method; (2 to investigate the effects of different temperature and photoperiod conditions; and (3 to assess the effects of self and cross-fertilization on the reproductive biology of these mollusks. We studied the oviposition site, the time to sexual maturity and the influences of photoperiod and temperature on reproductive parameters of O. matheroni reared under laboratory conditions. We tested three combinations of temperature and photoperiod, designated A, B and C (A: 25ºC, 24 hours of light; B: environmental conditions of temperature and photoperiod, characterized as follows: average máximum temperature=27.1ºC, average minimum temperature=18.3ºC, average day length=12.06 hours; and C: 25ºC, zero hours of light and two rearing densities (I: isolated and G: grouped on reproductive parameters (number of eggs per egg mass, number of unviable eggs per mass, egg mass incubation period, and duration of the hatching period. A total of 186 individuals and 565 egg masses were studied. Data were analyzed by Student’s t-test, two-way ANOVA and Chi-Square test. Eight generations were produced (March/2004-March/2006, from 35 field specimens, 91% of 3 197 eggs hatched. The time to sexual maturity was approximately three months for individuals reared in groups or in isolation (Student’s t-test: t=1.41, df=31, p=0.16; however, they differed significantly in weight (Student’s t-test: t=3.6, df=31, p<0.001. Regarding the influences of temperatura and photoperiod on reproductive parameters, under natural environmental conditions, individuals produced a greater number of eggs per mass (ANOVA: F2,573=84.15, p<0.001, with a longer incubation period (ANOVA: F2;559=170.05, p<0.001. The extreme photoperiod conditions of 24 hours of light or zero hours of light likely imposed stress and could be related to the significant reductions in the number of eggs per mass, and egg incubation period as well as the increased synchrony in egg hatching. No correlations were observed between the number of unviable eggs per mass and the temperature, photoperiod (ANOVA: F2,573=0.87, p=0.92 or rearing density (ANOVA: F1,573=0.21, p=0.64. Individuals reared in isolation under natural conditions produced more eggs per mass and did not presented any disadvantage with respect to the variables analyzed as compared to the animals reared in groups. These results indicate that O. matheroni can successfully reproduce by selfing. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60 (2: 553-566. Epub 2012 June 01.

Lângia Montresor

2012-06-01

175

Description of the ootheca of Turbinella laevigata (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Turbinella laevigata é encontrada desde a zona entre marés até 40 m de profundidade, sendo endêmica do Brasil onde ocorre desde o Estado do Amapá até o Espírito Santo. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a ooteca de Turbinella laevigata. Quinze amostras foram coletadas na Praia de Olho d'Água, Mun [...] icípio de Icapuí e na Praia de Flexeiras, Município do Trairí, ambos no Estado do Ceará, Nordeste do Brasil, foram estudadas. As desovas de T. laevigata foram compostas por 15 +/- 1.4 SD cápsulas e mediram 63 +/- 6.4 SD mm de comprimento e 41 +/- 2.5 SD mm de largura. Todas as cápsulas estavam fixadas pela membrana basal, a qual tinha a extremidade modificada para se prender ao substrato. Elas possuem uma superfície concava e outra convexa, apresentando margens pregueadas, que se prolongavam até a membrana basal, à qual se uniam formando uma prega. Esta espécie aparentemente produz uma grande quantidade de ovos nutritivos. A concha dos juvenis mediu 6.4 +/- 0.7 SD mm de comprimento e apresentou uma protoconcha com 3 voltas. Abstract in english Turbinella laevigata is found since the intertidal zone up to 40 m depth, being endemic of Brazil where it occurs from the state of Amapá to the state of Espirito Santo. The objective of this study was to describe the ootheca of this species. Fifteen samples collected in the Olho d'Água Beach, City [...] of Icapuí and Fleixeiras Beach, City of Trairí, both in Ceará State, Northeast Brazil, were studied. The spawns were composed by 15 +/- 1.4 SD capsules and had 63 +/- 6.4 SD mm of length with 41 +/- 2.5 SD mm of width. They had a convex and a concave surface, and plaited edges that drew out until the basal membrane, to which they joined forming a medial ridge. This species apparently produced a high amount of nurse eggs. The early juveniles measured 6.4 +/- 0.7 SD mm of length and they presented a protoconch with three whorls.

Helena, Matthews-Cascon; Cristina de Almeida, Rocha-Barreira; Carlos, Meirelles; Gregorio, Bigatti; Pablo, Penchaszadeh.

2009-04-01

176

The complete mitochondrial genome of Rapana venosa (Gastropoda, Muricidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract The complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of the veined rapa whelk, Rapana venosa, was determined using genome walking techniques in this study. The total length of the mt genome sequence of R. venosa was 15,271?bp, which is comparable to the reported Muricidae mitogenomes to date. It contained 13 protein-coding genes, 21 transfer RNA genes, and two ribosomal RNA genes. A bias towards a higher representation of nucleotides A and T (69%) was detected in the mt genome of R. venosa. A small number of non-coding nucleotides (302?bp) was detected, and the largest non-coding region was 74?bp in length. PMID:25162934

Sun, Xiujun; Yang, Aiguo

2014-08-27

177

Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the cone snails (Gastropoda, Conoidea).  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a large-scale molecular phylogeny that includes 320 of the 761 recognized valid species of the cone snails (Conus), one of the most diverse groups of marine molluscs, based on three mitochondrial genes (COI, 16S rDNA and 12S rDNA). This is the first phylogeny of the taxon to employ concatenated sequences of several genes, and it includes more than twice as many species as the last published molecular phylogeny of the entire group nearly a decade ago. Most of the numerous molecular phylogenies published during the last 15years are limited to rather small fractions of its species diversity. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses are mostly congruent and confirm the presence of three previously reported highly divergent lineages among cone snails, and one identified here using molecular data. About 85% of the species cluster in the single Large Major Clade; the others are divided between the Small Major Clade (?12%), the Conus californicus lineage (one species), and a newly defined clade (?3%). We also define several subclades within the Large and Small major clades, but most of their relationships remain poorly supported. To illustrate the usefulness of molecular phylogenies in addressing specific evolutionary questions, we analyse the evolution of the diet, the biogeography and the toxins of cone snails. All cone snails whose feeding biology is known inject venom into large prey animals and swallow them whole. Predation on polychaete worms is inferred as the ancestral state, and diet shifts to molluscs and fishes occurred rarely. The ancestor of cone snails probably originated from the Indo-Pacific; rather few colonisations of other biogeographic provinces have probably occurred. A new classification of the Conidae, based on the molecular phylogeny, is published in an accompanying paper. PMID:24878223

Puillandre, N; Bouchet, P; Duda, T F; Kauferstein, S; Kohn, A J; Olivera, B M; Watkins, M; Meyer, C

2014-09-01

178

On relict hydrobiid species in Brazilian Amazonia (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia, Hydrobiidae)  

OpenAIRE

Two extant hydrobiid species from the lower Tapajos river of Brazil are redescribed. Potamopyrgus amazonicus Haas, 1949, is assigned to the genus Dyris Conrad, 1871. At least eleven species from Miocene deposits of Western Amazonia are assigned to Dyris, a genus that was previously assumed to be extinct. The apertural features of Sioliella effusa Haas, 1949, are considered indicative of a close relationship to Miocene Amazonian taxa formaly assigned to Eubora Kadolsky, 1980. Sioliella ovata s...

Wesselingh, F. P.

2000-01-01

179

Gastrocopta iheringi (Suter, 1900) (Gastropoda, Vertiginidae): redescription of type material  

OpenAIRE

The holotype of Gastrocopta iheringi (Suter, 1900) was redescribed, illustrated and its identity was confirmed. The goal of this work was to elucidate questions relating to the identification of micromollusks in the genus Gastrocopta Wollaston, 1878.

Veitenheimer-mendes, Inga L.; Carla Regina Pedroso de Oliveira

2012-01-01

180

Type material of Adelomelon indigestus von Ihering, 1908 (Gastropoda, Volutidae)  

OpenAIRE

Adelomelon indigestus von Ihering, 1908 is known to be a synonym of Adelomelon beckii (Broderip, 1836) but the taxonomic status of its type material was not previously clear. The specimens cited in the original description of A. indigestus were located and recognized as syntypes. Under the rule of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the type locality is proposed to include Guaratiba (Rio de Janeiro) and São Sebastião (São Paulo) both on the southeastern littoral of Brazil.

Inga Ludmila Veitenheimer-Mendes; Fabio Wiggers

2005-01-01

181

Two new species of Enidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pupillacea) from Turkey  

OpenAIRE

Two new species of Enidae, viz. Zebrina (Ramusculus) mienisi spec. nov. and Turanena tuccari spec. nov., are described from the Turkish provinces of Erzurum and Antalya, respectively. The former species is unknown anatomically and, therefore, its (sub)generic assignment is uncertain. The latter new species is the westernmost Turanena species known at present.

Gittenberger, E.

1986-01-01

182

ESR studies of ?-irradiated Rapana venosa (Gastropoda, Muricidae) shell  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The unirradiated as well as 60Co ?-ray irradiated up to 11.3kGy shells of veined Rapana Whelk (Rapana venosa), collected from the Black Sea coasts (Romania) were investigated by ESR technique. The radicals produced by ?-irradiation in Rapana shell whose g-factors varied from 1.9976 to 2.0057 were attributed to CO2-, CO33-, CO3-, and SO2- species. The analysis of ESR spectra showed that the ESR signal intensity of all these radicals enhanced gradually with the increase of absorbed dose while the thermal treatment (100 deg. C) revealed an exponential decrease of the ESR amplitude with the annealing time for CO2- and CO33- free radicals

183

ESR studies of ?-irradiated Rapana venosa (Gastropoda, Muricidae) shell  

Science.gov (United States)

The unirradiated as well as 60Co ?-ray irradiated up to 11.3 kGy shells of veined Rapana Whelk ( Rapana venosa), collected from the Black Sea coasts (Romania) were investigated by ESR technique. The radicals produced by ?-irradiation in Rapana shell whose g-factors varied from 1.9976 to 2.0057 were attributed to CO2-, CO33-, CO3-, and SO2- species. The analysis of ESR spectra showed that the ESR signal intensity of all these radicals enhanced gradually with the increase of absorbed dose while the thermal treatment (100 °C) revealed an exponential decrease of the ESR amplitude with the annealing time for CO2- and CO33- free radicals.

Dana Seletchi, Emilia; Duliu, Octavian G.; Georgescu, Rodica

2007-10-01

184

Recharacterization of Synapterpes (S. hanleyi (Pfeiffer (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora, Subulinidae  

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Full Text Available Synapterpes (S. hanleyi (Pfeiffer, 1846 is characterized by anatomy, synonymy and geographical distribution. Shell and soft parts were studied and important taxonomic characters evaluated and illustrated. These studies give conditions to characterize the species and include it in the genus Synapterpes Pilsbry, 1896 and distinguish S. hanleyi from the other species of Synapterpes s.s. known only by their shells, respectively from Brazil and Colombia: S.(S. coronatus (Pfeiffer, 1846 and S.(S. wallisi (Mousson, 1869.

Norma Campos Salgado

1999-01-01

185

Recharacterization of Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora, Subulinidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer, 1846) is characterized by anatomy, synonymy and geographical distribution. Shell and soft parts were studied and important taxonomic characters evaluated and illustrated. These studies give conditions to characterize the species and include it in the genus Synapte [...] rpes Pilsbry, 1896 and distinguish S. hanleyi from the other species of Synapterpes s.s. known only by their shells, respectively from Brazil and Colombia: S.(S.) coronatus (Pfeiffer, 1846) and S.(S.) wallisi (Mousson, 1869).

Norma Campos, Salgado; Arnaldo C. dos Santos, Coelho.

186

Biomphalaria prona (Gastropoda: Planorbidae): a morphological and biochemical study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Two samples of Biomphalaria prona (Martens, 1873) from Lake Valencia (type locality) and seven from other Venezuelan localities were studied morphologically (shell and reproductive system) and biochemically (allozyme electrophoresis). In spite of marked differences in shell characters, all of them p [...] roved indistinguishable under the anatomic and biochemical criteria. So far B. prona has been considered an endemic species, restricted to Lake Valencia. It is now demonstrated that the extralacustrine populations refered to Biomphalaria havanensis (Pfeiffer, 1839) by several authors correspond in shell characters to an extreme variant of B. prona from the Lake and really belong to the last*mentioned species. They may be regarded as the result of a process of directional selection favoring a shell phenotype other than those making up the modal class in the Lake.

W. Lobato, Paraense; J. P., Pointier; B., Delay; A. F., Pernot; R. N., Incani; C., Balzan; P., Chrosciechowski.

1992-06-01

187

Sôbre Anostomia (Ringicella ringens (L., 1758: (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Odontostomidae  

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Full Text Available The Author redescribes Anostoma (Ringicella ringens (Linnê based on one specimen from km 92 of the Belém-Brasília road and on several specimens from Aurá, Belém, State of Pará. The male copulatory organs has a very curious constitution, being spirally coiled, not as stated by FISHER (1869.

J. L. de Barros Araujo

1963-06-01

188

Imposex in endemic volutid from Northeast Brazil (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O imposex caracteriza-se pelo surgimento de estruturas sexuais masculinas, em fêmeas de gastrópodes. Cerca de 120 espécies de moluscos que exibem o fenômeno quando expostas a contaminação por compostos orgânicos de estanho tais como o Tributilestanho (TBT) e o Trifenilestanho (TPT). Esses compostos [...] são utilizados, sobretudo em embarcações, no intuito de evitar a bioincrustração que danifica as embarcações e eleva os custos das viagens marítimas. No Brasil se conhecem 5 espécies de moluscos gastrópodes que manifestam imposex, são elas: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium parthenopeum e Olivancillaria vesica. No Nordeste, monitoramentos da contaminação por organoestânicos foram realizados utilizando o imposex em gastrópodes como biomarcador. O presente estudo tem por objetivo notificar a primeira ocorrência de imposex na espécie endêmica do Nordeste brasileiro, Voluta ebraea. De um total de 11 animais observados, duas fêmeas apresentaram imposex, provenientes da Praia do Pacheco no litoral do Ceará. Observou-se nesses indivíduos a presença de glândula de cápsulas, ovidutos e receptáculo seminal concomitantemente ao pênis o que caracteriza o imposex. Como o imposex só se manifesta em moluscos expostos a compostos organoestânicos tipicamente encontrados em portos, marinas, estaleiros e locais com grande fluxo de embarcações atribui-se a origem dessa contaminação provavelmente a um estaleiro localizado nas proximidades da área de coleta. Abstract in english Imposex is characterized by the development of masculine sexual organs in neogastropod females. Almost 120 mollusk species are known to present imposex when exposed to organic tin compounds as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT). These compounds are used as biocide agents in antifouling paints [...] to prevent the incrustations on boats. Five gastropod species are known to present imposex in Brazil: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium parthenopeum and Olivancillaria vesica. This paper reports the first record of imposex observed in the endemic gastropod Voluta ebraea from Pacheco Beach, Northeast Brazil. Animals presenting imposex had regular female reproductive organs (capsule gland, oviduct and sperm-ingesting gland) and an abnormal penis. As imposex occurs in mollusks exposed to organotin compounds typically found at harbors, marinas, shipyards and areas with high shipping activities, probably contamination of Pacheco Beach is a consequence of a shipyard activity located in the nearest areas.

Ítalo Braga de, Castro; Carlos Augusto Oliveira de, Meirelles; Helena, Matthews-Cascon; Cristina de Almeida, Rocha-Barreira; Pablo, Penchaszadeh; Gregório, Bigatti.

1065-10-01

189

Spermiogenesis in the vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia  

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Full Text Available The structure and maturation of the male gonad of the Mediterranean vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum are described. Histological sections of the gonads were made throughout development and gonad activity was monitored at regular monthly intervals. During tha autumn monts the gonad is very small and is surrounded by a large quantity of connective tissue; it becomes more voluminous from December to August, with the highest growth peak in springtime. The stages of spermatogenesis were also observed and described.

G D’Ancona Lunetta

2009-12-01

190

Embryonic Developmental Ecology of Freshwater Snail Lymnaea acuminata (Lymnaeidae: Gastropoda  

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Full Text Available The egg type of Lymnaea acuminata was determined as iso-lecithal and the cleavage is spirally holoblastic type. The development of L. acuminata was observed in details. Uncleaved zygote just after laying was found to contain a relatively yolk-free zone, the animal pole and the yolk-rich region, the vegetal pole. No polar bodies were present in eggs examined immediately after they had been laid. The first polar lobe and polar body were extruded out from the zygote within 15-25 min. These were reabsorbed after 12-15 min. The formation of the second polar lobe was followed within the next 48 min. The first cleavage division occurred about 115-130 min after the formation and re-absorption of the second polar lobe, retaining for 7-10 min. The 2-celled embryos underwent the second equal division of cleavage the within next hour and the embryos reached the 4-cell stage. At the end of the 5th h, the 4-celled embryos underwent the third cleavage and the cleavage was horizontal (i.e., equatorial. At the end of the 9th h, the embryos at the 8-celled stage reached the 16-celled stage by the 4th cleavage. The 4th spirally cleaved embryos usually underwent fifth and sixth cleavages within 24-26 and 27-29 h of incubation, respectively. After 2-3 days of incubation, the developing embryos attained the trochophore stage. At the beginning of the 4th day of incubation, embryos became slightly elongated, curved foot muscle and shell gland were developed through the extension of velum and the embryos turned into the early veliger. At the beginning of the seventh day, the miniature snail possessed all the structures found in a newly hatched individual. Interaction between water physico-chemical parameters and some breeding parameters have been observed.

Md. Moniruzzaman Sarker

2007-01-01

191

Macrocyclis peruvianus (Gastropoda, Acavidae), an endemic land snail from Chile / Macrocyclis peruvianus (Gastropoda, Acavidae), um caracol terrestre endêmico do Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Macrocyclis peruvianus (Lamarck, 1822) é um grande caracol terrestre endêmico do Chile. Uma descrição detalhada da esculturação de sua concha, rádula, mandíbula, cavidade palial e sistema reprodutor são apresentados aqui pela primeira vez. [...] Abstract in english Macrocyclis peruvianus (Lamarck, 1822) is a large terrestrial snail which is endemic in Chile. A detailed description of its shell structure, jaw, radula, palial cavity and reproductive system is presented here for the first time. [...

Leticia F. da, Silva; José W., Thomé.

2009-06-01

192

Late Paleocene Architectonicidae (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) from Baja California, Mexico / Architectonicidae (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) del Paleoceno Tardío de Baja California, México  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se describen e ilustran seis especies de arquitectonícidos de los géneros Architectonica, Granosolarium y Pseudomalaxis del Paleoceno Tardío, provenientes de la Formación Sepultura en la región norte de Baja California. Dos especies nuevas, Architectonica bieleri y Architectonica bajaensis, se descr [...] iben con base en especímenes bien conservados. Los géneros Granosolarium y Pseudomalaxis se reportan por primera vez para Baja California. Abstract in english Six gastropod species including two new ones, belonging to the family Architectonicidae, of the genera Architectonica, Granosolarium and Pseudomalaxis, are described for the Late Paleocene Sepultura Formation in Baja California, northwestern Mexico. The new species Architectonica bieleri and Archite [...] ctonica bajaensis are established from well preserved specimens. The genera Granosolarium and Pseudomalaxis are for the first time reported in Baja California.

María del Carmen, Perrilliat.

2013-04-01

193

A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera) Revisión de los Veronicellidae de México (Gastropoda: Soleolifera)  

OpenAIRE

Information is presented regarding the species of the Family Veronicellidae in Mexico. Data were gathered from specimens deposited in the Colección Nacional de Moluscos (Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), from field trips, and from the literature. These slugs are distributed mainly in the central and southern regions of Mexico, although there are a few records from the northern part of the country. Five species in three genera have been recorded, namely: Leid...

Edna Naranjo-García; José Willibaldo Thomé; José Castillejo

2007-01-01

194

A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera Revisión de los Veronicellidae de México (Gastropoda: Soleolifera  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information is presented regarding the species of the Family Veronicellidae in Mexico. Data were gathered from specimens deposited in the Colección Nacional de Moluscos (Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, from field trips, and from the literature. These slugs are distributed mainly in the central and southern regions of Mexico, although there are a few records from the northern part of the country. Five species in three genera have been recorded, namely: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia and S. plebeia. The occurrence of Leidyula floridana and Phyllocaulis gayi in Mexico needs confirmation. The Los Tuxtlas region, southern Veracruz, is a hotspot where veronicellid slugs have become a pest and farmers have stopped growing beans, switching to other crops as a measure to contain the pest.Se sintetiza la información conocida de los Veronicellidae de México. Los datos provienen de ejemplares depositados en la Colección Nacional de Moluscos, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, de salidas complementarias de trabajo al campo y recopilación de la literatura. Estas babosas se distribuyen principalmente en el centro y sur de México, aunque existen algunos registros en el norte del país. Se han registrado 3 géneros y 5 especies: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia, y S. plebeia. Los registros en México de L. floridana y P. gayi deben confirmarse. En la región de Los Tuxtlas, al sur del estado de Veracruz, se localizó un foco donde las babosas Veronicellidae son plaga, los agricultores dejaron de sembrar frijol y cambiaron a otros cultivos para evitar la plaga.

Edna Naranjo-García

2007-06-01

195

Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora) na América do Sul: sistemática e distribuição / South American Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora): systematic and distribution  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english The family Ancylidae is represented in South America by the genera: Gundlachia Pfeiffer, 1849, Ferrissia Walker, 1903, Burnupia Walker, 1912 and Laevapex Walker, 1903. The species are caracterized using the combination of shell features and radula by scanning electron microscope, shell muscle and ma [...] ntle pigmentation. The conchometry is also presented, but it does not help to species identification. The distribution of G. crequi (Bavay, 1904), G. foncki (Philippi, 1866), G. philippiana (Biese, 1948), G. obliqua (Broderip & Sowerby, 1832), G. moricandi (Orbigny, 1837), G. concentrica (Orbigny, 1835), G. radiata (Guilding, 1828), G bakeri Pilsbry, 1913, G ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962), F. gentilis Lanzer, 1991, B. ingae Lanzer, 1991, L. vazi Santos, 1989 and Laevapex sp. in the Neotropical region is based on the bibliography, examination of the material deposited in scientific institutions and in the author's collection.

Rosane, Lanzer.

196

A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera) / Revisión de los Veronicellidae de México (Gastropoda: Soleolifera)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se sintetiza la información conocida de los Veronicellidae de México. Los datos provienen de ejemplares depositados en la Colección Nacional de Moluscos, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, de salidas complementarias de trabajo al campo y recopilación de la literatura. Es [...] tas babosas se distribuyen principalmente en el centro y sur de México, aunque existen algunos registros en el norte del país. Se han registrado 3 géneros y 5 especies: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia, y S. plebeia. Los registros en México de L. floridana y P. gayi deben confirmarse. En la región de Los Tuxtlas, al sur del estado de Veracruz, se localizó un foco donde las babosas Veronicellidae son plaga, los agricultores dejaron de sembrar frijol y cambiaron a otros cultivos para evitar la plaga. Abstract in english Information is presented regarding the species of the Family Veronicellidae in Mexico. Data were gathered from specimens deposited in the Colección Nacional de Moluscos (Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), from field trips, and from the literature. These slugs are distri [...] buted mainly in the central and southern regions of Mexico, although there are a few records from the northern part of the country. Five species in three genera have been recorded, namely: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia and S. plebeia. The occurrence of Leidyula floridana and Phyllocaulis gayi in Mexico needs confirmation. The Los Tuxtlas region, southern Veracruz, is a hotspot where veronicellid slugs have become a pest and farmers have stopped growing beans, switching to other crops as a measure to contain the pest.

Edna, Naranjo-García; José Willibaldo, Thomé; José, Castillejo.

2007-06-01

197

Hemócitos de Bradybaena similaris e Megalobulimus abbreviatus (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) / Hemocytes of Bradybaena similaris and Megalobulimus abbreviatus (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os hemócitos atuam no sistema de defesa contra organismos invasores e partículas estranhas, auxiliando o reconhecimento do que é próprio do corpo dos grastrópodes e o que não é. São escassas as informações e estudos sobre os hemócitos em espécies de moluscos saudáveis (sem infecções), principalmente [...] em Bradybaena similaris (Fèrussac, 1821) and Megalobulimus abbreviatus (Bequaert, 1948). Portanto, este trabalho tem como objetivos a caracterização e quantificação dos hemócitos presentes na hemolinfa destas duas espécies. Neste trabalho, foram identificados três tipos celulares na hemolinfa de ambas espécies: as células redondas, hialinócitos e granulócitos. Os três tipos de hemócitos foram medidos e foi calculada a média do diâmetro total e do núcleo para cada um deles. Para B. similaris, o diâmetro médio das células redondas foi de 10,7 µm, dos hialinócitos foi de 20 µm e dos granulócitos de 25,4 µm. Para M. abbreviatus, o diâmetro médio foi de 11,7 µm para as células redondas, de 21,5 µm para os hialinócitos e de 30,5 µm para os granulócitos. Embora os hialinócitos possuam médias parecidas entre B. similaris e M. abbreviatus, foram detectadas diferenças significativas do diâmetro celular total e diâmetro do núcleo (p Abstract in english Hemocytes act in the defense system against invading organisms, foreign particles aiding the recognition of what is own to the body of gastropods and what is not. Information and studies on the hemocytes in species of mollusks healthy (no infections), especially in Bradybaena similaris (Fèrussac, 18 [...] 21) and Megalobulimus abbreviatus (Bequaert, 1948) are scarce. Therefore, this work aims at characterization and quantification of hemocytes present in the hemolymph of these two species. In this work three cell types were identified in the hemolymph of both species: round cells, hyalinocytes and granulocytes. The three types of hemocytes were measured, and the average of total diameter and the nucleus for each was calculated. On B. similaris, the average diameter of round cells was 10.7 µm, of hyalinocytes was 20 µm and of granulocytes was 25.4 µm. On M. abbreviatus, the average diameter of round cells was 11.7 µm, of hyalinocytes was 21.5 µm and of granulocytes was 30.5 µm. Although the hyalinocytes have similar averages between B. similaris and M. abbreviatus, the cells were demonstrated significant differences in their total diameter and size of the nucleus (p

Roberta A., Rohr; Suzana B., Amato.

2014-06-01

198

ESTUDO DO APROVEITAMENTO DAS VÍSCERAS DOS MOLUSCOS ESCARGOT (Achatina fulica) E ARUÁ (Pomacea lineata) PARA INCORPORAÇÃO EM RAÇÃO ANIMAL  

OpenAIRE

O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o aproveitamento das vísceras - subprodutos, dos moluscos escargot e aruá. As vísceras foram processadas na forma de farinha e suas características físico-químicas (composição centesimal, cálcio, fósforo, digestibilidade em pepsina, índice de acidez) e microbiológicas (Salmonella sp) foram comparadas aos padrões de q...

Barboza, S. E. R.; Romanelli, P. F.

2008-01-01

199

RENDIMENTO DE CARCAÇA E COMPOSIÇÃO CENTESIMAL DO MÚSCULO DOS MOLUSCOS ESCARGOT (Achatina fulica) E ARUÁ (Pomacea lineata)  

OpenAIRE

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a composição corporal (rendimento de carcaça) e a composição centesimal do músculo dos moluscos escargot e aruá. As avaliações foram realizadas comparando-se 6 grupos de animais de pesos e idades diferentes (3 de escargot e 3 de aruá) com um grupo controle (escargot), animais estes com 4 meses de idade e peso e...

Barboza, S. H. R.; Romanelli, P. F.

2008-01-01

200

Performance of broilers fed with snail (Pomacea caniculata meal as substitute to fish meal or meat and bone meal  

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Full Text Available Snail meal was used as a substitution to fish meat and bone meal in broiler rations. Final weightand feed conversion efficiency of the birds, profit and return on investment differed significantly among treatments. Feed consumption and production costs were comparable. Results show that snail meal can replace fish or meat and bone meal in broiler diets.

Ulep, LJL.

1991-01-01

201

Performance of broilers fed with snail (Pomacea caniculata) meal as substitute to fish meal or meat and bone meal  

OpenAIRE

Snail meal was used as a substitution to fish meat and bone meal in broiler rations. Final weightand feed conversion efficiency of the birds, profit and return on investment differed significantly among treatments. Feed consumption and production costs were comparable. Results show that snail meal can replace fish or meat and bone meal in broiler diets.

Ulep, Ljl; Buenafe, Mm

1991-01-01

202

Copper desorption in flooded agricultural soils and toxicity to the Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa): Implications in Everglades restoration  

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Copper (Cu) desorption and toxicity to the Florida apple snail were investigated from soils obtained from agricultural sites acquired under the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. Copper concentrations in 11 flooded soils ranged from 5 to 234 mg/kg on day 0 and from 6.2 to 204 mg/kg on day 28 (steady-state). The steady-state Cu concentration in overlying water ranged from 9.1 to 308.2 {mu}g/L. In a 28-d growth study, high mortality in snails occurred within 9 to 16 d in two of three soil treatments tested. Growth of apple snails over 28 d was affected by Cu in these two treatments. Tissue Cu concentrations by day 14 were 12-23-fold higher in snails exposed to the three soil treatments compared to controls. The endangered Florida snail kite and its main food source, the Florida apple snail, may be at risk from Cu exposure in these managed agricultural soil-water ecosystems. - Copper desorbs from agricultural soils and is toxic to the Florida apple snail.

Hoang, Tham C. [Florida International University, Department of Environmental Studies, Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment, Southeast Environmental Research Center, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL 33181 (United States); Rogevich, Emily C. [Florida International University, Department of Environmental Studies, Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment, Southeast Environmental Research Center, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL 33181 (United States); Florida Atlantic University, Department of Biological Sciences, Boca Raton, FL 33431 (United States); Rand, Gary M. [Florida International University, Department of Environmental Studies, Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment, Southeast Environmental Research Center, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, FL 33181 (United States)], E-mail: randg@fiu.edu; Gardinali, Piero R. [Florida International University, Department of Chemistry, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Miami, FL 33199 (United States); Frakes, Robert A.; Bargar, Timothy A. [U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, South Florida Ecological Services Office, Vero Beach, FL 32960 (United States)

2008-07-15

203

Estructura y neotectónica de Las Lomas de Olmedo, zona de transición entre los Sistemas Subandino y de Santa Bárbara, provincia de Salta / Structure and neotectonics of the Lomas de Olmedo, a transition zone between the Subandean and Santa Bárbara Systems, province of Salta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio muestra las evidencias de deformación neotectónica en la región del noroeste argentino de lomas de Olmedo, provincia de Salta. Esta región ubicada en el frente orogénico a los 24°S de latitud comprende la zona de transición entre las Sierras Subandinas al norte, de tipo epidérmic [...] o con vergencia al este, o Sistema Subandino sensu stricto, y un segmento austral correspondiente al Sistema de Santa Bárbara producido por inversión tectónica de fallas normales con vergencia al oeste. Entre estos dos segmentos con diferente comportamiento se ubican las lomas de Olmedo, que muestran un complejo diseño de fallas activas. Depósitos de edad paleógena que constituyen las facies de hundimiento térmico de las fases finales del rift del Grupo Salta y los depósitos sinorogénicos neógenos de la cuenca de antepaís subandina, se hallan plegados y corridos sobre depósitos cuaternarios en el anticlinal de lomas de Olmedo. Los sedimentos terciarios están corridos sobre los depósitos lacustres de la Formación El Chorro de edad cuaternaria. Las edades 14C en conchillas de gasterópodos de esta unidad pertenecientes a Pomacea canaliculata arrojaron una edad de 7.962 ± 45 BP años para estos depósitos. Las fallas inversas con vergencia al este indican para la mayor parte del Holoceno una tasa de acortamiento orogénico de 2,34 mm/a para el frente tectónico en la zona de transición entre los dos sistemas de la faja plegada y corrida subandina. Abstract in english The present study shows evidence of neotectonic deformation in the Northwestern Argentina region of Lomas de Olmedo, province of Salta. This region is located in the orogenic front at 24°S latitude and encompasses a transition zone between the Sierras Subandinas to the north, a thin-skinned belt wit [...] h east vergence, or Subandean System sensu stricto, and a southern segment corresponding to the Santa Bárbara System produced by tectonic inversion of normal faults with west vergence. Between this two segments of different behavior are the Lomas de Olmedo, which have a complex array of active faults. Paleogene deposits of the sag phases produced during thermal subsidence of the Salta rift system, and Neogene synorogenic deposits related to the Andean uplift are folded and thrust on the Quaternary deposits of the El Chorro Formation of Quaternary age. The 14C ages from gastropod shells from this unit belonging to Pomacea canaliculata yielded an age of 7,962 ± 45 BP years for these deposits. The reverse faults with east vergence indicate a shortening rate for most of the Holocene of 2.34 mm/a for the tectonic thrust front in the transition zone between the two fold and thrust belts of the Subandean area.

V.A., Ramos; R.N., Alonso; M., Strecker.

2006-12-01

204

A malacofauna bentônica das represas do médio rio Tietê (São Paulo, Brasil) e uma avaliação ecológica das espécies exóticas invasoras, Melanoides tuberculata (Müller) e Corbicula fluminea (Müller) / Benthic malacofauna of the reservoirs of the Middle River Tietê (São Paulo, Brazil) and an ecological evaluation of the invading exotic species, Melanoides tuberculata (Müller) and Corbicula fluminea (Müller)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho analisa a composição de espécies, a densidade e a distribuição espacial e temporal da malacofauna bentônica em três represas do médio rio Tietê. As coletas foram realizadas em dois períodos climáticos, o chuvoso em novembro de 2002 e o seco em agosto de 2003, amostrando-se três porções [...] em cada represa (superior, mediana e barragem) e seguindo uma varredura com seis pontos amostrais em cada transecto. Os dados limnológicos obtidos evidenciaram que as represas do médio rio Tietê encontram-se eutrofizadas com elevadas concentrações de nutrientes (totais e dissolvidos). Foram registradas oito espécies de moluscos sendo seis nativas e duas exóticas. Destas, a espécie dominante foi o molusco exótico e invasor Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774), presente em todas as represas. A outra espécie exótica Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774), também esteve presente em todas as represas e em ambos os períodos de coleta (exceto na represa de Barra Bonita). Na represa de Barra Bonita só ocorreram as duas espécies exóticas, enquanto nas represas de Bariri e Ibitinga as espécies nativas Aylacostoma tenuilabris (Bernardi, 1856), Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818), Biomphalaria intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), Diplodon expansus (Küster, 1853), Physa cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1839) e Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) ocorreram em pelo menos um dos períodos amostrados. A ocupação generalizada de M. tuberculata e C. fluminea e as elevadas densidades destas espécies nas represas estudadas revelam o alto potencial invasor das mesmas e a provável competição com as espécies nativas. Abstract in english This study analyze the composition of species, the density and the spatial and temporal distribution of benthic malacofauna in three reservoirs of the Middle Tietê River. The samplings were carried out in two climatic periods, the rainy season in November 2002 and the dry season in August 2003, show [...] ing three portions in each reservoir (upper, middle and lower) and following a sweeping with six sampling points in each transect. Based on the limnological data the reservoirs of the Middle Tietê River were eutrophied with high concentrations of nutrients (total and dissolved). Eight species of mollusks were registered, six natives and two exotics. Of these, the dominant species was the exotic and invading mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774), found in all reservoirs. Another exotic specie Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774), was current in all the reservoirs in both periods of sampling (except in the Barra Bonita reservoir). In the Barra Bonita reservoir only the two exotic species occurred, while in the Bariri and Ibitinga the native species Aylacostoma tenuilabris (Bernardi, 1856), Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818), Biomphalaria intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), Diplodon expansus (Küster, 1853), Physa cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1839) and Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) occurred in at least one of the sampled periods. The generalized occupation of M. tuberculata and C. fluminea and the high densities of these species in the studied reservoirs reveal the invading potential of same and the probable competition with the native species.

Ana L., Suriani; Roberta S., França; Odete, Rocha.

2007-03-01

205

A malacofauna bentônica das represas do médio rio Tietê (São Paulo, Brasil e uma avaliação ecológica das espécies exóticas invasoras, Melanoides tuberculata (Müller e Corbicula fluminea (Müller Benthic malacofauna of the reservoirs of the Middle River Tietê (São Paulo, Brazil and an ecological evaluation of the invading exotic species, Melanoides tuberculata (Müller and Corbicula fluminea (Müller  

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Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a composição de espécies, a densidade e a distribuição espacial e temporal da malacofauna bentônica em três represas do médio rio Tietê. As coletas foram realizadas em dois períodos climáticos, o chuvoso em novembro de 2002 e o seco em agosto de 2003, amostrando-se três porções em cada represa (superior, mediana e barragem e seguindo uma varredura com seis pontos amostrais em cada transecto. Os dados limnológicos obtidos evidenciaram que as represas do médio rio Tietê encontram-se eutrofizadas com elevadas concentrações de nutrientes (totais e dissolvidos. Foram registradas oito espécies de moluscos sendo seis nativas e duas exóticas. Destas, a espécie dominante foi o molusco exótico e invasor Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774, presente em todas as represas. A outra espécie exótica Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774, também esteve presente em todas as represas e em ambos os períodos de coleta (exceto na represa de Barra Bonita. Na represa de Barra Bonita só ocorreram as duas espécies exóticas, enquanto nas represas de Bariri e Ibitinga as espécies nativas Aylacostoma tenuilabris (Bernardi, 1856, Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818, Biomphalaria intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962, Diplodon expansus (Küster, 1853, Physa cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1839 e Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 ocorreram em pelo menos um dos períodos amostrados. A ocupação generalizada de M. tuberculata e C. fluminea e as elevadas densidades destas espécies nas represas estudadas revelam o alto potencial invasor das mesmas e a provável competição com as espécies nativas.This study analyze the composition of species, the density and the spatial and temporal distribution of benthic malacofauna in three reservoirs of the Middle Tietê River. The samplings were carried out in two climatic periods, the rainy season in November 2002 and the dry season in August 2003, showing three portions in each reservoir (upper, middle and lower and following a sweeping with six sampling points in each transect. Based on the limnological data the reservoirs of the Middle Tietê River were eutrophied with high concentrations of nutrients (total and dissolved. Eight species of mollusks were registered, six natives and two exotics. Of these, the dominant species was the exotic and invading mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Müller, 1774, found in all reservoirs. Another exotic specie Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774, was current in all the reservoirs in both periods of sampling (except in the Barra Bonita reservoir. In the Barra Bonita reservoir only the two exotic species occurred, while in the Bariri and Ibitinga the native species Aylacostoma tenuilabris (Bernardi, 1856, Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818, Biomphalaria intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962, Diplodon expansus (Küster, 1853, Physa cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1839 and Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822 occurred in at least one of the sampled periods. The generalized occupation of M. tuberculata and C. fluminea and the high densities of these species in the studied reservoirs reveal the invading potential of same and the probable competition with the native species.

Ana L. Suriani

2007-03-01

206

Desenvolvimento de Eurytrema coelomaticum (Giard & Billet (Digenea, Dicrocoeliidae em Bradybaena similaris (Férussac (Gastropoda, Xanthonychidae Development of Eurytrema coelomaticum (Giard & Billet (Digenea, Dicrocoeliidae in Bradybaena similaris (Férussac (Gastropoda, Xanthonychidae  

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Full Text Available To follow the larval developmenl of Eurytrema coelomaticum (Giard & Billet, 1892 in Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821 snails were separated in three classes using the shell diameter: Class A (14.5-10.2 mm, Class B (10.1-6.9 mm and Class C (6.8-2.6 mm. Only snails belonging to classes A and B acquired the infection. Specimens of E. coelomaticum removed from the pancreatic ducts were exposed to three physiological solutions: Earle, Locke and saline 0.85%, to obtain eggs for the experimental infections, The Locke solution induced the best egg release. The route of migration the intramolluscan development of E. coelomaticum was studied with the aid of histology. The minimal period of intramolluscan developmenl, ending at the expelling of daughter sporocysts, was 107 days for the snails infected in March, and 79 days for the snails infected in November. The Student "t" test and the Chi-square test showed a significant difference (? = 5% between the two periods, although the mean temperature registered during the experiments did not significantly differed (? = 5%. The elimination of daughter sporocysts occurred through the snail's pneumostome, and always at night. Most sporocysts were eliminated at intervals that varied between one to three days, without regularity. The time of elimination of the daughter sporocysts was different for the two infection period studied: 12 weeks for the snails infected in March, and three weeks for those infected in November. Positive correlation between the number of sporocysts expelled by the snail host and higher temperatures registered in the laboratory was observed. This correlation was more evident in November infection.

Solange Viana Paschoal Blanco Brandolini

2001-06-01

207

Development of a new sediment bioassay with the freshwater mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia); Entwicklung eines Sedimentbiotests mit der Zwergdeckelschnecke Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia)  

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Currently, only few organismic biotest systems are available for the assessment of effects on reproduction, which consider an exposure toward whole sediments. A well-suited test organism is the parthenogenetic mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum. This ovoviviparous prosobranch snail lives in the upper layers of freshwater and brackish sediments. The number of (unshelled) embryos turned out to be a very sensitive parameter for the indication of sediment components affecting reproduction. Additionally, this endpoint allows to signal possible estrogenic sediment compounds. With this 28-day bioassay, laboratory tests on the effects of various chemicals on P. antipodarum were performed, e.g. triphenyltin and bisphenol A, in relevant environmental concentration ranges. Furthermore, the suitability of our test system for the investigation of complex and multiple level ranged contaminations was examined by means of various natural sediments from the Neisse and Odra rivers. (orig.) [German] Derzeit bestehen nur wenige etablierte organismische Testverfahren zur Erfassung von reproduktionstoxischen Effekten, die eine Exposition gegenueber Gesamtsedimenten beruecksichtigen. Ein hierfuer gut geeigneter Testorganismus ist die parthenogenetische Zwergdeckelschnecke Potamopyrgus antipodarum. Sie gehoert zu den ovoviviparen (lebendgebaerenden) Prosobranchiern und lebt in den obersten Schichten von Suess- und Brackwassersedimenten. Als empfindlicher Parameter zur Indikation reproduktionstoxisch wirkender Sedimentkomponenten erwies sich die Anzahl der (neugebildeten) Embryonen im Brutraum - dieser Endpunkt vermag zudem auf eventuell vorhandene oestrogene Wirkstoffe im Sediment hinzuweisen. Mit Hilfe dieses 28 Tage umfassenden Biotests wurden in Laboruntersuchungen die Wirkungen verschiedener Umweltchemikalien, wie z.B. Triphenylzinn und Bisphenol A, auf P. antipodarum in umweltrelevanten Konzentrationsreihen getestet. Darueber hinaus wurde die Eignung des Biotests fuer die Ermittlung und Untersuchung der Wirkung komplexer Kontaminanten anhand von verschiedenen realen Flusssedimenten unterschiedlichen Belastungsgrades - aus Neisse und Oder - erprobt. (orig.)

Duft, M.; Tillmann, M.; Markert, B. [Internationales Hochschulinstitut Zittau (Germany). Lehrstuhl Umweltverfahrenstechnik; Schulte-Oehlmann, U.; Oehlmann, J. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Zoologisches Inst.

2002-07-01

208

La Familia Trochidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda en el norte de Chile: consideraciones ecológicas y taxonómicas The trochidae family (Mollusca : Gastropoda in northern Chile: taxonomic and ecological considerations  

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Full Text Available Este estudio describe la diversidad, y la distribución latitudinal y batimétrica de los caracoles de la Familia Trochidae en el norte de Chile, mediante muestreos intermareales y submareales someros, realizados entre 1996 y 1999 entre Arica (18º S y Los Vilos (31º S, y de muestras de profundidad provenientes de la pesca de arrastre del camarón nylon, Heterocarpus reedi. En el norte de Chile, la Familia Trochidae está representada por cuatro géneros: Tegula y Diloma de distribución intermareal y submareal somero hasta los 20 m de profundidad, y Bathybembix y Calliostoma presentes en profundidades superiores a los 200 m. El género Tegula tiene seis especies (T. quadricostata, T. luctuosa, T. ignota, T. atra, T. tridentata y T. euryomphala distribuídas en sustratos rocosos intermareales y submarales someros. El género Diloma está representado por una especie, D. nigerrima, de distribución intermareal hasta pocos metros de profundidad. El género Calliostoma tiene dos especies C. chilena y C. delli, las que se distribuyen entre 200 y 750 m de profundidad. Finalmente, el género Bathybembix está representado por B. humboldti y B. macdonaldi distribu?das entre 200 y 1480 m de profundidad. Esta segregación batimétrica parece estar relacionada a las estrategias alimentarias de cada uno de los géneros de la familia Trochidae. Diloma y Tegula son herbívoros, las especies del género Bathybembix son alimentadoras de depósito y las de Calliostoma son carnívorasThis study reveals the diversity, and the bathimetric and latitudinal distribution of the snails of the Trochidae family members in northern Chile, throughout the analysis of all Trochidae gastropods entailed in intertidal and subtidal (from the `camarón naylon' fishery samples collected during 1996 and 1999 between Arica (ca 18º S and Los Vilos (ca 31º S. The Trochidae family in northern Chile have four genus: Tegula and Diloma that are distributed on intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats, and Calliostoma and Bathybembix which occurr at dephts greather than 200 m. Tegula have 6 species: T. quadricostata, T. luctuosa, T. ignota, T. atra, T. tridentata, and T. euryomphala are distributed on intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats. Diloma is a monospecific genus, whereas D. nigerrima is an intertidal species. The genus Calliostoma have two species C. chilena and C. delli occurring between 200 and 750 m depth and the Bathybembix with two species, B. Humboldti and B. macdonaldi, distributed between 200 and 1480 m depth. The bathimetric distribution of Trochidae shows a strong correlation with food strategy: Diloma and Tegula are herbivores, while Bathybembix species are deposit feeders and Calliostoma are carnivores

DAVID VELIZ

2000-12-01

209

A new species of Leiostracus from Bahia, Brazil (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicidae) / Uma nova espécie de Leiostracus da Bahia, Brasil (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicidae)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Uma nova espécie de gastrópode pulmonado foi recentemente coletada em um pequeno fragmento de Mata Atlântica nas vizinhanças de Canavieiras, Bahia, uma área de reconhecida diversidade de moluscos terrestres. Essa espécie é aqui descrita como Leiostracus fetidus sp. nov., podendo ser facilmente ident [...] ificada pelo seu padrão de coloração composto por faixas axiais irregulares, de cor marrom a preto, uma faixa axial avermelhada "separando" o peristômio branco do restante da concha e uma faixa espiral marrom, larga e irregular, contornando a região umbilical. Outras características diagnósticas incluem um tamanho relativamente pequeno, uma proto-dobra columelar e duas leves dobras na região basal da abertura. A presente descoberta é um lembrete de quão pouco essa fauna é conhecida e também um alerta para a conservação desses fragmentos de mata. Abstract in english A remarkable new species of pulmonate snail was recently collected in a small Atlantic Rainforest fragment near the city of Canavieiras, state of Bahia, Brazil, an area known for a high diversity of land snails. It is described herein as Leiostracus fetidus sp. nov. and can be easily identified by i [...] ts color pattern of irregular brown to black axial stripes on a white to yellow background, a reddish axial band "separating" the white peristome from the rest of the shell and a broad brown spiral band surrounding the umbilical region. Other diagnostic features include a relatively small size, a proto columellar fold and two very weak folds delimiting the basal region of the aperture. This discovery is a reminder of how little this fauna is known and also an alarm for proper conservation of these forest fragments.

Rodrigo B., Salvador; Daniel C., Cavallari.

2014-03-01

210

Report of a human accident caused by Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae) / Relato de um acidente em ser humano causado por Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Conus regius é um molusco venenoso da família Conidae, que inclui espécies responsáveis por acidentes graves ou mesmo fatais em humanos. Os autores relatam pela primeira vez um caso clínico envolvendo a espécie, que inclui uma punctura na mão direita de um mergulhador submarino, que apresentou pares [...] tesias e dificuldade de movimentação do membro todo. O quadro desapareceu em cerca de doze horas, sem seqüelas. Abstract in english Conus regius is a venomous mollusc in the Conidae family, which includes species responsible for severe or even fatal accidents affecting human beings. This is the first report on a clinical case involving this species. It consisted a puncture in the right hand of a diver who presented paresthesia a [...] nd movement difficulty in the whole limb. The manifestations disappeared after around twelve hours, without sequelae.

Vidal, Haddad Junior; Marcus, Coltro; Luiz Ricardo L., Simone.

2009-08-01

211

Report of a human accident caused by Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae Relato de um acidente em ser humano causado por Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae  

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Full Text Available Conus regius is a venomous mollusc in the Conidae family, which includes species responsible for severe or even fatal accidents affecting human beings. This is the first report on a clinical case involving this species. It consisted a puncture in the right hand of a diver who presented paresthesia and movement difficulty in the whole limb. The manifestations disappeared after around twelve hours, without sequelae.Conus regius é um molusco venenoso da família Conidae, que inclui espécies responsáveis por acidentes graves ou mesmo fatais em humanos. Os autores relatam pela primeira vez um caso clínico envolvendo a espécie, que inclui uma punctura na mão direita de um mergulhador submarino, que apresentou parestesias e dificuldade de movimentação do membro todo. O quadro desapareceu em cerca de doze horas, sem seqüelas.

Vidal Haddad Junior

2009-08-01

212

Conquiliomorfologia de Tamayoa (Tamayops) banghaasi (Thiele) (Gastropoda, Systrophiidae) / Conchomorphological aspects of Tamayoa (Tamayops) banghaasi (Thiele) (Gastropoda, Systrophiidae) as a contribution to Systrophiidae systematic  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Thirty shells of Tamayoa (Tamayops) banghaasi (Thiele, 1927) from Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, were analyzed with a stereomicroscop showing the following characteristics: discoid shell, without macrosculptures; ovate-lunate aperture without teeth. Thin, sharp and not-reflected lip; umbilicus with 1/ [...] 5 of the shell's diameter; impressed suture, total whorls from 4 to 5.5; protoconch with 1.5 to 2 whorls; yellowish-amber, translucent and glossy periostracum. The morphology of the shells were discussed, as well as the shell's dimensions. The conchomorphological patterns are important for systematic studies of mollusks and this work presents data that can be used in future studies about the family.

Daniele Pedrosa, Monteiro; Sônia Barbosa dos, Santos.

1049-10-01

213

A new species of Leiostracus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicoidea) from Espírito Santo, Brazil / Nova espécie de Leiostracus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicoidea) do Espírito Santo, Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Uma extraordinária espécie nova de gastrópode pulmonado foi encontrada na coleção do Senckenberg Forschungninstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt (Frankfurt am Main, Alemanha) e é aqui descrita como Leiostracus faerie sp. nov. Esta espécie pode ser facilmente identificada por sua concha diminuta e trans [...] lúcida, com finas faixas axiais marrom-claras, e pela escultura de sua protoconcha. Ela é originária da região do Rio Doce, Espírito Santo, uma área conhecida por sua grande diversidade e endemicidade de gastrópodes terrestres. Esta descoberta mostra quão pouco é conhecida essa fauna e também reforça a importância das coleções de museus no estudo da biodiversidade e em medidas de conservação. Abstract in english A remarkable new species of pulmonate land snail was found in the collection of the Senckenberg Forschungninstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) and is described here as Leiostracus faerie sp. nov. It can be easily identified by its small and translucent shell with fine axia [...] l light brown bands and its protoconch sculpture. It was collected in the Rio Doce ("Doce River") region in Espírito Santo, Brazil, an area known for a high diversity and endemicity of land snails. This discovery shows how little this fauna is known and reinforces the importance of museum collections in the study of biodiversity and conservation.

Rodrigo B., Salvador; Daniel C., Cavallari.

2014-09-01

214

Comparative study between the effects of hyaluronic acid and acid galactan purified from eggs of the mollusk Pomacea sp in wound healing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA and of AG on the healing of intestine wounds. METHODS: The semi-purified extract of the eggs of the mollusc was obtained by fractionation with ammonium sulfate and purification for ion-exchange chromatography. The obtained galactans were eluted in water (neutral galactan and in 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl (acidic galactans. The in vivo study was performed with 45 "Wistar" rats, separated in three groups (n=15. Solutions containing HA 1%, GA 1% or saline solution 0,9%, was placed topically on the sutures of wounds in the small intestine of the rats. After 05, 10 and 21 days the animals were sacrificed and biopsy of the healing tissue was done. RESULTS: The hystologic grading was more significant for HA and AG groups when compared to the group C. AG stimulated the appearance of macrophages, giant cells and increase in the concentration of collagen in the area of the wound when compared to HA. CONCLUSION: The topical use of GA in intestinal wounds promoted the anticipation of events that are important in the wound healing.

Cruz Ana Katarina Menezes da

2004-01-01

215

Comparative study between the effects of hyaluronic acid and acid galactan purified from eggs of the mollusk Pomacea sp in wound healing  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) and of AG on the healing of intestine wounds. METHODS: The semi-purified extract of the eggs of the mollusc was obtained by fractionation with ammonium sulfate and purification for ion-exchange chromatography. The obtained galactans were eluted in water (neutral galactan) and in 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl (acidic galactans). The in vivo study was performed with 45 "Wistar" rats, separated in three groups (n=15). Solutions containing HA 1%, GA 1% o...

Cruz Ana Katarina Menezes da; Pereira Wogelsanger Oliveira; Santos Elizeu Antunes dos; Carvalho Maria Goretti Freire; Medeiros Aldo da Cunha; Oliveira Fernanda Wanderley de

2004-01-01

216

Terrestrial slugs (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in the NATURA 2000 areas of Cyprus island  

OpenAIRE

Terrestrial slugs of the Island of Cyprus were recently studied in the framework of a study of the whole terrestrial malacofauna of the island. The present work was carried out in the Natura 2000 conservation areas of the island in 155 sampling sites over three years (2004–2007). Museum collections as well as literature references were included. In total six species are present in the Natura 2000 areas of the island, belonging to three families: Limacidae, Agriolimacidae and Milacidae. One ...

Katerina Vardinoyannis; Simon Demetropoulos; Moissis Mylonas; Triantis, Kostas A.; Christodoulos Makris; Gabriel Georgiou; Andrzej Wiktor; Andreas Demetropoulos

2012-01-01

217

Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais  

OpenAIRE

An annotated checklist of land snails and slugs of Nord – Pas-de-Calais region is provided. It updates the knowledge on this group on the basis of the recent checklist of the non-marine Molluscs of France and includes recent data on systematics. Each species is annotated and data on ecology, distribution and status are given.

Xavier Cucherat; Sylvain Demuynck

2006-01-01

218

Two new Semi-slugs from Gambon, Western Afreca (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Urocyclidae)  

OpenAIRE

Zonitarion dewildei spec. nov. and Z. wakaensis spec. nov., both belonging to the subgenus Belonarion, are described from the rain-forest area of Gabon, western Africa. This is the first record of urocyclid semi-slugs from this malacologically poorly known area. Descriptions are provided of both external and internal organs, viz., jaw, radula, genital system, pallial organs and spermatophore.

Winter, A. J.

1985-01-01

219

Synopsis of valid species-group taxa for freshwater Gastropoda recorded from the European Neogene.  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we present a complete list of all valid species-group taxa of freshwater gastropods reported from Miocene and Pliocene deposits in Europe. The last comparable work dates back to the 1920s and covered about 1,600 names. The extensive literature research underlying the present work revealed considerable changes in the taxonomic and systematic frameworks of Neogene freshwater gastropods and yielded a total number of 2,156 accepted taxa. Each taxon is accompanied by a full citation of its first description; where the information is available, page number and illustration reference are provided. First descriptions available as open-access full-text sources on the web were linked via hyperlink to the first page of the publication. PMID:25152683

Neubauer, Thomas A; Kroh, Andreas; Harzhauser, Mathias; Georgopoulou, Elisavet; Mandic, Oleg

2014-01-01

220

Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Gastropoda: Physidae: a study of topotypic specimens  

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Full Text Available A description is given of Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, based on topotypic specimens from the Garonne river basin, and additional samples from the environs of the French cities of Montpellier and Perpignan. It proved indistinguishable, in shell and anatomy, from topotypic Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839, thus leading the authors to admit the synonymy of the two nominal species under the older name, P. acuta.

W Lobato Paraense

2003-06-01

221

Aquatic Macrophytes as Microhabitats of Radix auricularia (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: A Case Study from Southeast Bulgaria  

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Full Text Available The aim of the current study is to investigate the abundance of thefreshwater pulmonate snail Radix auricularia among different aquatic plants communities, with the view of understanding if there is any particular habitat preference, comparing two freshwater basins having similar environmental conditions. The freshwater plant species were collected by net from two ponds at the end of May 2009 - 650 g wet plant mass, micro dam at Chernoochene Village, East Rhodopes Mts.; 138 g wet plant mass, small flood pond near the Maritza River, Plovdiv City, Upper Thracian Lowland. The plant mass was weighted in the laboratory after the alive snails were collected from the plant surface. Totally three species of freshwater plants were inhabited by R. auricularia, but its abundance and possible preference was highest on the Rigid Hornworth (Ceratophyllum demersum.

Stanislava Y. Vasileva

2009-07-01

222

Organ- and species-specific accumulation of metals in two land snail species (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to evaluate the usefulness of terrestrial gastropods as bioindicators there is a need for studies that simultaneously compare (1) concentrations of metals in reference and polluted plots, (2) species within the same polluted habitat, (3) metal accumulation patterns in different organs and (4) metal accumulation patterns in relation to soil physicochemical properties. This study aims to assess metal accumulation patterns in two land snail species. Instead of analyzing an organism as a whole, investigating the partitioning of metals in different organs can provide information on the actual toxicological relevant fractions. Therefore, concentrations of Ag, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn were examined in five different organs of Cepaea nemoralis, as well as in the foot and the body of Succinea putris. Snails were sampled at four polluted dredged sediment disposal localities and three adjacent less polluted reference plots situated along waterways in Flanders, Belgium. Due to the small size and problematic dissection of S. putris only the concentrations in the foot of both species could be compared. For this reason only, C. nemoralis can be described as a better bioindicator species that allows a far more detailed analysis of organ metal accumulation. This study showed that organs other than the digestive gland may be involved in the immobilization and detoxification of metals. Furthermore, pH, soil fractionation (clay %, silt %, sand %) and organic matter, correlate with metal accumulation in organs. However, most often the soil metal concentrations did not correlate with the concentrations found in snail organs. Metal concentrations in organs of both species (1) differed among polluted plots but rarely between polluted and reference plots within a locality, (2) were organ-specific (digestive gland > foot > albumen gland = spermoviduct = ovotestis), (3) were species-specific and (4) depended on the metal type (high Cd and Cu concentrations were observed in the digestive gland and foot respectively). Our study emphasizes that background metal levels should be taken into account when using invertebrates as bioindicators of metal contamination and that bioindicators may show substantial differences in accumulation patterns even if they have a highly comparable ecology. - Highlights: ? Concentrations of accumulated metals differ among localities and between the snail species in the foot. ? Organs other than the digestive gland may be involved in the immobilization and detoxification of metals. ? Total metal concentrations and soil physicochemical properties alone are not enough to explain organ bioaccumulation.

Boshoff, Magdalena, E-mail: magdalena.boshoff@ua.ac.be [University of Antwerp, Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicological Research, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Jordaens, Kurt [Royal Museum for Central Africa (JEMU), Leuvensesteenweg 13, B-3080 Tervuren (Belgium); University of Antwerp, Evolutionary Ecology Group, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Backeljau, Thierry [University of Antwerp, Evolutionary Ecology Group, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (JEMU), Vautierstraat 29, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium); Lettens, Suzanna [Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Kliniekstraat 25, B-1070 Brussels (Belgium); Tack, Filip [Ghent University, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Applied Ecochemistry, Coupure Links 265, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Vandecasteele, Bart [Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO), Burg van Gansberghelaan 109, B-9820 Merelbeke (Belgium); De Jonge, Maarten; Bervoets, Lieven [University of Antwerp, Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicological Research, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium)

2013-04-01

223

Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., a new species from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae  

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Full Text Available A new hydrobiid snail, Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., is described from the rheocrene and rheopsammocrene springs situated in the canyon of the Cvrcka River, a region of Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The concept of the genus Belgrandiella seems to be extremely artificial, but for the time being we keep the new species as a member of the genus based mainly on the shape of the shell of its type species, B. kusceri (Wagner, 1914.

Glöer P.

2014-01-01

224

Terrestrial gastropods of Srebarna Nature Reserve, North-Eastern Bulgaria (Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

We give the results from the first investigation focused on the land snail fauna in Srebarna Nature Reserve in Bulgaria. A total of 23 localities were studied and 27 species of terrestrial gastropods were found, 23 of which were new observations for the Reserve. PMID:25632262

Dedov, Ivailo; Antonova, Vera

2015-01-01

225

Aspectos histológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de Biomphalaria glabrata e Bradybaena similaris (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

OpenAIRE

Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) é um gastrópode pulmonado de água doce que desperta grande interesse médico e veterinário. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) é um gastrópode pulmonado terrestre considerado uma praga agrícola de plantações de hortaliças. Ambas as espécies são hospedeiras intermediárias de helmintos. Esses moluscos possuem uma gônada hermafrodita produtora de óvulos e espermatozóides de forma simultânea. Neste estudo foram avaliados aspectos histomorfol?...

Rinaldo Florêncio da Silva; Jairo José Matozinho Cubas; Josué de Moraes

2009-01-01

226

Los moluscos terrestres (Mollusca: Gastropoda) de Costa Rica: clasificación, distribución y conservación  

OpenAIRE

Los moluscos terrestres son un grupo muy poco estudiado a nivel mundial. Hay 183 especies reportadas para Costa Rica, 30% son endémicas y 7% posiblemente están extintas. Se espera que en el país haya alrededor de 400 especies, de más del 95% se desconoce su biología, ecología, distribución, genética y otros campos de estudio. En Costa Rica las familias con mayor número de especies son Spiraxidae, Orthalicidae y Subulinidae. No obstante, es posible que Euconulidae sea aun más diversa...

Zaidett Barrientos Llosa

2010-01-01

227

Replacement names and nomenclatural comments for problematic species-group names in Europe's Neogene freshwater Gastropoda.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the last 250 years of taxonomic descriptions of freshwater gastropods a large number of primary and secondary homonyms were produced. Several of them have now been uncovered in the course of a new database project. To overcome the associated nomenclatural problems we propose 10 replacement names: Theodoxus pseudodacicus nom. nov., Theodoxus stoicai nom. nov., Viviparus deleeuwi nom. nov., Viviparus lubenescuae nom. nov., Viviparus wesselinghi nom. nov., Melanopsis anistratenkoi nom. nov., Melanopsis gearyae nom. nov., Melanopsis magyari nom. nov., Melanopsis vrcinensis nom. nov., and Pyrgula rusti nom. nov. Additionally, we discuss taxa that might become secondary homonyms because of uncertain genus attributions. The genera Melanoptychia Neumayr, 1880 and Boistelia Cossmann, 1909 are synonymized with Melanopsis Férussac, 1807 in Férussac & Férussac, 1807 based on the lack of sufficient separation criteria. Involved combinations are expounded and recombined accordingly. The nomenclatural problems regarding Melanopsis costata Fuchs, 1870 (non Olivier, 1804) and Planorbis varians Fuchs, 1870 sensu Bandel (2010) are discussed. PMID:24872237

Neubauer, Thomas A; Harzhauser, Mathias; Georgopoulou, Elisavet; Mandic, Oleg; Kroh, Andreas

2014-01-01

228

The shallow-water New Caledonia Drilliidae of genus Clavus Montfort, 1810 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea).  

Science.gov (United States)

Species of the genus Clavus of the conoidean family Drilliidae that occur in the littoral and shallow waters of New Caledonia are here revised. This study is based primarily on recent expedition material from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (New Caledonia) and Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (France). A total of 22 species is recorded, of which eight are described as new.        New species: Clavus boucheti, Clavus delphineae, Clavus virginieae, Clavus picoides, Clavus squamiferus, Clavus devexistriatus, Clavus hylikos, Clavus maestratii;        New synonyms: Tylotiella Habe, 1958 = Clavus; Clavus leforestieri Hervier, 1896 = Pleurotoma obliquicostata Reeve, 1845; Pleurotoma mariei Crosse, 1869 = Pleurotoma lamberti Montrouzier, 1860; Clavus mighelsi Kay, 1979, new name for Pleurotoma acuminata Mighels, 1845, non J. Sowerby, 1816, was misidentified by Kay 1979; the lectotype of P. acuminata Mighels, 1845, is mangeliine. Clavus mighelsi sensu Kay 1979, is a synonym of Pleurotoma humilis E. A. Smith, 1879. It is suggested that Pleurotoma pulchella Reeve, 1845, sometimes treated as an Indo-Pacific species, may be a senior synonym of Fenimorea halidorema Schwengel, 1940, from the tropical western Atlantic. Nomen dubium: Pleurotoma mediocris Deshayes, 1863.  PMID:24943803

Kilburn, Richard N; Fedosov, Alexander; Kantor, Yuri

2014-01-01

229

Monoamines in the pedal plexus of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english In molluscs, the number of peripheral neurons far exceeds those found in the central nervous system. Although previous studies on the morphology of the peripheral nervous system exist, details of its organization remain unknown. Moreover, the foot of the terrestrial species has been studied less tha [...] n that of the aquatic species. As this knowledge is essential for our experimental model, the pulmonate gastropod Megalobulimus oblongus, the aim of the present study was to investigate monoamines in the pedal plexus of this snail using two procedures: glyoxylic acid histofluorescence to identify monoaminergic structures, and the unlabeled antibody peroxidase anti-peroxidase method using antiserum to detect the serotonergic component of the plexus. Adult land snails weighing 48-80 g, obtained from the counties of Barra do Ribeiro and Charqueadas (RS, Brazil), were utilized. Monoaminergic fibers were detected throughout the pedal musculature. Blue fluorescence (catecholamines, probably dopamine) was observed in nerve branches, pedal and subepithelial plexuses, and in the pedal muscle cells. Yellow fluorescence (serotonin) was only observed in thick nerves and in muscle cells. However, when immunohistochemical methods were used, serotonergic fibers were detected in the pedal nerve branches, the pedal and subepithelial plexuses, the basal and lateral zones of the ventral integument epithelial cells, in the pedal ganglion neurons and beneath the ventral epithelium. These findings suggest catecholaminergic and serotonergic involvement in locomotion and modulation of both the pedal ganglion interneurons and sensory information. Knowledge of monoaminergic distribution in this snail´s foot is important for understanding the pharmacological control of reflexive responses and locomotive behavior.

M.C., Faccioni-Heuser; D.M., Zancan; M., Achaval.

1043-10-01

230

Aspectos histológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de Biomphalaria glabrata e Bradybaena similaris (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) é um gastrópode pulmonado de água doce que desperta grande interesse médico e veterinário. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) é um gastrópode pulmonado terrestre considerado uma praga agrícola de plantações de hortaliças. Ambas as espécies são hospedeiras interme [...] diárias de helmintos. Esses moluscos possuem uma gônada hermafrodita produtora de óvulos e espermatozóides de forma simultânea. Neste estudo foram avaliados aspectos histomorfológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de B. glabrata e B. similaris. A gônada de B. similaris encontra-se subdividida em lobos com glândulas em seu interior, o que não foi observado em B. glabrata. Além disso, em B. similaris as células germinativas estão acumuladas em determinados pontos e com a presença de um ovócito em cada folículo da gônada; não obstante, em B. glabrata as células germinativas encontraram-se justapostas e com mais de um ovócito em cada folículo. Abstract in english Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) is a freshwater pulmonate gastropod that represents great medical importance. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) is a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod and an important plague to the different plant cultures with economic interest. Both species are intermediate hos [...] ts of helminths. These molluscs have hermaphrodites gonads producing eggs and sperm. Here, we examined histoformological aspects of hermaphrodites gonads of both B. glabrata and B. similaris. The gonad of B. similaris is subdivided into lobes and presence of glands in its interior, which was not observed in B. glabrata. Moreover, in B. similaris the germ cells are accumulated in some areas, and has one oocyte in each follicle in the gonad; however, in B. glabrata the germ cells are juxtaposed and more than one oocyte in each follicle.

Rinaldo Florêncio da, Silva; Jairo José Matozinho, Cubas; Josué de, Moraes.

231

The genus Plesiophysa, with a redescription of P. ornata (Haas, 1938 (Gastropoda: Planorbidae  

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Full Text Available A redescription of conchological and anatomical characters of the planorbid mollusc Plesiophysa ornata (Haas, 1938 is presented, based on topotypic material and specimens from 14 additional localities in the Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Sergipe, Bahia, Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais. Due to the close similarity of their shells, a sure discrimination of the five species of Plesiophysa described so far (P. pilsbryi, P. granulata, P. guadeloupensis, P. ornata and P. hubendicki is only possible through their anatomical features. The present study points to the high probability of synonymy of P. hubendicki with P. ornata. Investigations on the anatomy of P. pilsbryi and P. guadeloupensis are needed to define their taxonomic relation with the other nominal species.

PARAENSE W. L.

2002-01-01

232

Taxonomic review of Metaxia (Gastropoda: Triphoridae) from Brazil, with description of a new species  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The taxonomy of the species of Metaxia Monterosato, 1884 from Brazil is revised. Previously to this study, only Metaxia excelsa Faber & Moolenbeek, 1991 was known to occur in this country, under its older name Metaxia exilis (C.B. Adams, 1850). The review of a large amount of shells in malacological [...] collections in Brazil revealed the occurrence of three known additional species: Metaxia taeniolata (Dall, 1889); Metaxia rugulosa (C.B. Adams, 1850); Metaxia prompta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008, all previously reported from the southeast coast of the USA and/or the Caribbean region. Metaxia gongyloskymnus sp. nov., diagnosed by the globose protoconch with continuous axial ribs and microscopic spiral sculpture, is restricted to localities off the Southeastern Brazilian coast.

Maurício Romulo, Fernandes; Alexandre Dias, Pimenta.

2011-12-01

233

Rich and rare—First insights into species diversity and abundance of Antarctic abyssal Gastropoda (Mollusca)  

Science.gov (United States)

The abyssal depths of the polar oceans are thought to be low in diversity compared with the shallower polar shelves and temperate and tropical deep-sea basins. Our recent study on the gastropod fauna of the deep Southern Ocean gives evidence of the existence of a rich gastropod assemblage at abyssal depths. During the ANDEEP I and II expeditions to the southern Drake Passage, Northwestern Weddell Sea, and South Sandwich Trench, gastropods were collected by bottom and Agassiz trawls, epibenthic sledge, and multicorer, at 40 stations in depths between 127 and 5194 m. On the whole, 473 specimens, corresponding to 93 species of 36 families, were obtained. Of those, 414 specimens were caught below 750 m depth and refer to 84 (90%) benthic species of 32 (89%) families. Most families were represented by a single species only. The numerically dominant families were Skeneidae and Buccinidae (with 10 and 11 species, respectively), Eulimidae and Trochidae (with 9 species each), and Turridae (6 species). Thirty-Seven benthic deep-sea species (44%) were represented by a single specimen, and another 20 species (24%) were found at a single station, suggesting that more than two thirds of Antarctic deep-sea gastropod species are very rare or have a very scattered distribution. Of the 27 species occurring at two or more deep-sea stations, 14 were collected with different gear. Approximately half of the deep-water species are new to science or have been recently described. The present investigation increases the total number of recorded benthic Antarctic deep-sea gastropods (below 750 m) from 115 to 177. The previously known depth ranges have been extended, often considerably, for 31 species. The collected deep-sea gastropods comprise both eurybathic shelf species (29%) and apparently true deep-sea species (58%); some of the latter may belong to a so far unknown Antarctic abyssal fauna. Geographical ranges of the collected Antarctic benthic deep-sea gastropod species appear limited, and all these 84 species seem endemic to Antarctica south of the Polar Front. Comparing diversity and abundances based on epibenthic sledge samples, there is no clear relationship between Antarctic deep-sea gastropod abundance and species richness with depth. However, both Antarctic and adjacent deep-sea areas are still far from being adequately sampled to allow more comprehensive conclusions.

Schwabe, Enrico; Michael Bohn, Jens; Engl, Winfried; Linse, Katrin; Schrödl, Michael

2007-08-01

234

Bacteriological and biochemical assessment of marinating cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropoda during 24 weeks of storage.  

Science.gov (United States)

The quality and safety parameters of mixed marinated seafood salad containing common octopus (Octopus vulgaris), shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris), European squid (Loligo vulgaris), sea snail (Rapana thomasiana) and common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) at 4 degrees C during storage of 24 weeks were investigated. In addition, the nutritional value in terms of proximate and fatty acid composition of seafood salad was also determined. Sensory scores of seafood salad in terms of appearance, odour, flavour and texture slightly decreased throughout the storage period. However, at the end of the storage period (5 months), the marinated seafood salad was still acceptable by the panellist. At the beginning of storage the total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) value was 6.05 mg/100 g flesh, and the TVB-N values rose to 11.19 mg TVB-N/flesh by the end of the storage period. The pH value of the marinated seafood salad showed fluctuations, ranging from 3.57 to 3.65, and did not change significantly during the storage period. The concentrations of the biogenic amines in both the muscle of all species and in the solution of salad were also investigated. Among the biogenic amines, histamine was not detected in all samples throughout the storage period. The putrescine and cadaverine levels increased throughout the storage period, with a lower increase in the solution of seafood salad. Salmonella, coliform, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were not detected while the total viable count remained low (3 log CFU/g) after 3 months of storage. PMID:19086240

Ozogul, Yesim; Ozogul, Fatih; Olgunoglu, Ilkan A; Kuley, Esmeray

2008-09-01

235

Unusual Micrometric Calcite-Aragonite Interface in the Abalone Shell Haliotis (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

OpenAIRE

Species of Haliotis ~abalone! show high variety in structure and mineralogy of the shell. One of the European species ~Haliotis tuberculata! in particular has an unusual shell structure in which calcite and aragonite coexist at a microscale with small patches of aragonite embedded in larger calcitic zones. A detailed examination of the boundary between calcite and aragonite using analytical microscopies shows that the organic contents of calcite and aragonite differ. Moreover, changes in th...

Dauphin, Yannicke; Cuif, Jean-pierre; Castillo-michel, Hiram; Chevallard, Corinne; Farre, Bastien; Meibom, Anders

2014-01-01

236

Effects of crude oil on the behavior of Lymnaea peregra (Mollusca: gastropoda)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of oil polluted water (crude oil) on the behavior of L. pereqra were tested (4 l aquaria, static test, 96 h, no food added, surface slick not removed, water temp. +17 S deg C, S 4 o/oo, 3 parallel test/conc, 10 - 15 ind./aquaria). The activity of the snails was measured 3 times a day by counting the proportion of individuals crawling around within one minute. The activity of the snails was negatively affected in oil solutions of 0.1 to 1.0 vol-%. In the 1 vol-% oil solution the snails were paralysed after being exposed for 24 h and they were unable to crawl around for the next 24 h. The reproduction of the snails (egg laying) was negatively affected by oil. In the excrements of the snails small oil balls could be seen, more in the 0.1 vol-% solution than in the 1 vol-% solution. The mortality was two times higher in the 1 vol-% solution (40 %) than in the control (18 %)

237

Limnaea peregrina Clessin, 1882, Synonym of Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

OpenAIRE

A description is given of the shell, radula, renal region, reproductive system and egg capsules of topotypic specimens of limnaea peregrina Clessin, 1882. This investigation intends contributing to define the specific identity of that nominal species. A close anatomical comparison with Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 from Michigan, USA, shows that both forms are indistinguishable, giving support to previous inferences from some authors. Data on egg hatching are presented.

Lobato Paraense, W.

1994-01-01

238

Estudo morfométrico da concha de Lymnaea columella say, 1817 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Foram estudadas variações morfométricas de conchas de L. columella, provenientes de dez criadouros localizados nos seguintes municípios do Estado de São Paulo: - Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava e Taubaté. Foram analisados os diferentes tipos de ambientes onde as limneas são encontradas com maior freqüência, estabelecendo-se a época do ano com maior abundância em espécimes, que correspondeu aos meses de julho a outubro. As medidas nas conhas dos diferentes criadouros referiram-se ao comprimento e largura da concha, comprimento e largura da abertura, comprimento da espira e número de voltas. Foram estabelecidos os coeficientes de correlação e de regressão e realizadas análises de variância entre as medidas tomadas e os índices obtidos da relação entre largura/comprimento da concha. Estas conchas foram comparadas com as de L. columella, L. viator, L. cubensis da coleção do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Para a maioria das medidas as conchas mostraram proporções constantes, embora apresentassem diferenças em relação ao desenvolvimento. A maior variação foi observada em relação ao comprimento da espira. As variações morfométricas das conchas foram relacionadas com alguns fatores externos como pH, alcalinidade, dureza e teor da água. Aparentemente apenas a dureza total da água influiu na consistência das conchas.Shells of Lymnaea columella from ten populations from the State of São Paulo were studied to determine morphometric variation. Samples were collected in the following municipalities: Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava and Taubaté. Five measurements were taken from each shell: length and width of the shell, length and width of the aperture and lenght of the spire. Two ratios were also established: width/lenght of the shell and length of the aperture /length of the shell. The numbers of whorls and the length of the shell were also determined. Statistical tests (correlation coeficients, regression, and analysis of variance were used to compare the different samples. Also, com parisons of L. columella shells collected by us were made with those of L. columella, L. viator and L. cubensis from collections deposited in the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. The results of these studies revealed that in most of the cases the snail populations of different areas were similar, showing constant proportions, but they diverged in their absolute dimensions. Data on aquatic environmental conditions (pH, alkalinity, hardness, and calcium concentration were also obtained. These Chemical factors were examined with respect to shell morphology. Our results revealed that only hardness of water was associated with the robustness of the shells.

Marlene T. Ueta

1980-12-01

239

Limnaea peregrina Clessin, 1882, Synonym of Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english A description is given of the shell, radula, renal region, reproductive system and egg capsules of topotypic specimens of limnaea peregrina Clessin, 1882. This investigation intends contributing to define the specific identity of that nominal species. A close anatomical comparison with Lymnaea colum [...] ella Say, 1817 from Michigan, USA, shows that both forms are indistinguishable, giving support to previous inferences from some authors. Data on egg hatching are presented.

W Lobato, Paraense.

1994-12-01

240

Synonymy between Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry, 1935 and Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

OpenAIRE

The lymneid snail Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry 1935 is synonymized with L. cousini Jousseaume 1887, based on morphological comparisons of the reproductive systems. The shell, renal tube, and reproductive system are described and illustrated from specimens collected in the type locality and the municipality of Paipa, Colombia. Bibliographical records reveal L. columella to be the commonest lymneid in the country. The latter two species can be differentiated based on the morphology of the penial ...

Luz Elena Velásquez

2006-01-01

241

Synonymy between Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry, 1935 and Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The lymneid snail Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry 1935 is synonymized with L. cousini Jousseaume 1887, based on morphological comparisons of the reproductive systems. The shell, renal tube, and reproductive system are described and illustrated from specimens collected in the type locality and the municip [...] ality of Paipa, Colombia. Bibliographical records reveal L. columella to be the commonest lymneid in the country. The latter two species can be differentiated based on the morphology of the penial complex.

Luz Elena, Velásquez.

2006-11-01

242

Estudo morfométrico da concha de Lymnaea columella say, 1817 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram estudadas variações morfométricas de conchas de L. columella, provenientes de dez criadouros localizados nos seguintes municípios do Estado de São Paulo: - Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava e Taubaté. Foram analisados os diferentes tipos de ambientes onde as limneas são enco [...] ntradas com maior freqüência, estabelecendo-se a época do ano com maior abundância em espécimes, que correspondeu aos meses de julho a outubro. As medidas nas conhas dos diferentes criadouros referiram-se ao comprimento e largura da concha, comprimento e largura da abertura, comprimento da espira e número de voltas. Foram estabelecidos os coeficientes de correlação e de regressão e realizadas análises de variância entre as medidas tomadas e os índices obtidos da relação entre largura/comprimento da concha. Estas conchas foram comparadas com as de L. columella, L. viator, L. cubensis da coleção do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Para a maioria das medidas as conchas mostraram proporções constantes, embora apresentassem diferenças em relação ao desenvolvimento. A maior variação foi observada em relação ao comprimento da espira. As variações morfométricas das conchas foram relacionadas com alguns fatores externos como pH, alcalinidade, dureza e teor da água. Aparentemente apenas a dureza total da água influiu na consistência das conchas. Abstract in english Shells of Lymnaea columella from ten populations from the State of São Paulo were studied to determine morphometric variation. Samples were collected in the following municipalities: Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava and Taubaté. Five measurements were taken from each shell: lengt [...] h and width of the shell, length and width of the aperture and lenght of the spire. Two ratios were also established: width/lenght of the shell and length of the aperture /length of the shell. The numbers of whorls and the length of the shell were also determined. Statistical tests (correlation coeficients, regression, and analysis of variance) were used to compare the different samples. Also, com parisons of L. columella shells collected by us were made with those of L. columella, L. viator and L. cubensis from collections deposited in the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. The results of these studies revealed that in most of the cases the snail populations of different areas were similar, showing constant proportions, but they diverged in their absolute dimensions. Data on aquatic environmental conditions (pH, alkalinity, hardness, and calcium concentration) were also obtained. These Chemical factors were examined with respect to shell morphology. Our results revealed that only hardness of water was associated with the robustness of the shells.

Marlene T., Ueta.

1980-12-01

243

Response of the Lymnaea peregra (Mollusca: gastropoda) to oil and dispersant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effects of oil polluted water (heavy fuel oil) and a dispersant (Finasol OSR 5) on the behavior of Lymnaea peregra were tested in 4 l aquaria (static test, 96 h, no food added, surface oil slick not removed, water temp. +20 and S 4.5 o/oo). The accumulation of oil in the tissues of the snails was also studied. The activity in oil polluted water low (10 %) compared with the control (30 %). The mortality was 10 % in the oil polluted water and 0 % in the control. In the test with the dispersant (0.01 vol-%), the activity of the snails was 10 % compared with 40 % in the control. The mortality increased from 0 - 20 %. Snails exposed to oil mixtures of 0.1 and 10 vol-% showed increased concentrations of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in their tissues (4 - 20 times higher than in the control)

244

[Endogenous biorhythms of the oxygen consumption rate in individual development of Lymnaea stagnalis (Lymnaeidae, Gastropoda)].  

Science.gov (United States)

Two endogenous biorhythms of the oxygen consumption rate with periods of 10.3 and 7.2 weeks have been revealed in the late postlarval ontogenesis of freshwater gastropods Lymnaea stagnalis by singular spectrum analysis. It has been determined that local maxima of both biorhythms in different individuals occur at the same age; in addition to that, the periods of biorhythms are approximately the same in all studied animals and remain unchanged during the whole individual development. It has been noted that the biorhythm with a period of 10.3 weeks is damped (its amplitude decreases from 8 ?L O2/(h x g) at the age of 20 weeks to 3 ?L O2/(h x g) at the time of death), and the biorhythm with the period of 7.2 weeks is sustained (its average amplitude is 2.4 ± 0.4 ?L O2(h x g). PMID:25518550

2013-01-01

245

Synonymy between Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry, 1935 and Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae  

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Full Text Available The lymneid snail Lymnaea bogotensis Pilsbry 1935 is synonymized with L. cousini Jousseaume 1887, based on morphological comparisons of the reproductive systems. The shell, renal tube, and reproductive system are described and illustrated from specimens collected in the type locality and the municipality of Paipa, Colombia. Bibliographical records reveal L. columella to be the commonest lymneid in the country. The latter two species can be differentiated based on the morphology of the penial complex.

Luz Elena Velásquez

2006-11-01

246

On the occurrence of Oxychilus camelinus (Bourguignat, 1852) in Bulgaria (Gastropoda: Zonitidae)  

OpenAIRE

Adult shells and living specimens of the terrestrial gastropod Oxychilus camelinus were collected on Rahat Tepe Hill in Plovdiv city, and in Stara Zagora. These records confirm the findings of Hesse (1913) of the occurrence of this species in Bulgaria.

Dilian Georgiev

2014-01-01

247

Update on the distribution and phylogenetics of Biomphalaria (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) populations in Guangdong Province, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1973 planorbid snails then identified as Biomphalaria straminea were discovered in Hong Kong, China. It was assumed that these snails had been introduced to Hong Kong via the import of tropical fish by air from South America. In 2012 Biomphalaria were found for the first time in Guangdong Province, China. In view of the renewed interest in these invasive snails, a morphological and DNA-sequence based phylogenetic study was undertaken for seven populations of Biomphalaria snails collected in Guangdong. Morphologically and phylogenetically, five of the populations clustered more closely with Biomphalaria kuhniana than with B. straminea. Levels of genetic diversity among the populations were about half those of autochthonous populations in Brazil, the phylogenetic relationships did not correlate with a radiation from any one international port in China, and different lineages appeared associated with different ports. Consequently in explaining the current distribution of the snails, multiple colonization events, each establishing a new local snail population near to maritime international container ports, were considered more likely than the spread of snails from Hong Kong to China. The displacement of B. straminea by B. kuhniana in Guangdong is considered as an explanation for the habitat changes observed among the snails between Hong Kong in the 1980s and the present. The conclusions of the study are that any risk of Schistosoma mansoni transmission in China is more likely to come from parasite importation in the intramolluscan stage, than from transmission by migrant workers from South America or Africa. In addition, although likely to be rare, sporadic outbreaks of imported schistosomiasis (caused by invading infected snails) could be a threat to public health in the vicinity of International container ports (not only in Guangdong Province). Further work is called for to investigate further the presence of B. kuhniana and its potential interactions with B. straminea (the former is thought to be incompatible with S. mansoni), and the responses of Chinese Biomphalaria to potential competitors such as Thiaridae. The current expansion of container ports in Brazil and Venezuela, and the increase in trade with China, is likely to accentuate any current risk of imported schistosomiasis, and surveillance around ports in China, together with further research, are necessary. PMID:24811366

Attwood, Stephen W; Huo, Guan-Nan; Qiu, Jian-Wen

2015-01-01

248

Biological aspects of Omalonyx convexus (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Succineidae) from the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Omalonyx convexus (Heynemann, 1868) is widely spread throughout the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The studied specimens presented in vivo, tegument and mantle coloring in variations between milky-white, orange and beige. The shell presented itself covered by the mantle in different extents; however, it was not completely covered on any of the specimens. The feeding diet is basically constituted by vegetal tissues, although non-vegetal food items were also found. The specimens were found in...

Janine Oliveira Arruda; José Willibaldo Thomé

2011-01-01

249

Biological aspects of Omalonyx convexus (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Succineidae from the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil  

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Full Text Available Omalonyx convexus (Heynemann, 1868 is widely spread throughout the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The studied specimens presented in vivo, tegument and mantle coloring in variations between milky-white, orange and beige. The shell presented itself covered by the mantle in different extents; however, it was not completely covered on any of the specimens. The feeding diet is basically constituted by vegetal tissues, although non-vegetal food items were also found. The specimens were found in preserved and in polluted fresh water environments, as well as on natural and artificial substrates. The temperature throughout the day influences their placement on habitat substrates.

Janine Oliveira Arruda

2011-12-01

250

Angiostrongylus costaricensis (Nematoda: Protostrongylidae): migration route in experimental infection of Omalonyx sp. (Gastropoda: Succineidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Angiostrongylus costaricensis can infect several mollusks, and its migration route in intermediate hosts has been studied only in Sarasinula marginata. To verify the susceptibility of Omalonyx sp. as an intermediate host of A. costaricensis and to analyze the nematode migration route, individuals were infected with stage 1 larvae. Obtained stage 3 larvae were orally inoculated in mice, and after 30 days, adult worms and stage 1 larvae were recovered, demonstrating Omalonyx susceptibility and suitability to infection. To define the parasite migration routes, specimens of Omalonyx with 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 2 days, 5 days, 10 days, 12 days, 15 days, 20 days, 21 days, 25 days, 28 days, and 30 days of infection were fixed and serially sectioned. Histological sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin. The results were compared to those described in S. marginata. Oral and cutaneous infections were noted. After the penetration, larvae were retained, mainly in the fibromuscular tissue, by hemocytes, or they spread to the whole organism through the circulation, following the anatomical structure of the vasculature. The perilarval hemocyte reaction in Omalonyx was more intense until stage 2 larva instar, decreasing in the presence of stage 3 larvae. Differences in some aspects of hemocyte reaction between S. marginata and Omalonyx exemplify interspecific peculiarities in snail response to the same parasite. PMID:18712530

Montresor, Lângia C; Vidigal, Teofânia H D A; Mendonça, Cristiane L G F; Fernandes, André A; de Souza, Karyne N; Carvalho, Omar S; Caputo, Luzia F G; Mota, Ester M; Lenzi, Henrique L

2008-11-01

251

The genus Cerithideopsis Thiele, 1929 (Gastropoda: Potamididae) in the Indo-West Pacific region.  

Science.gov (United States)

The genus Cerithideopsis is most common in mangrove and salt marsh habitats of the New World tropics, but there is also a small radiation in the Indo-West Pacific region. Previously, these Indo-Pacific snails have generally been classified as Cerithidea largillierti (Philippi, 1848). Molecular phylogenetic analysis (partial sequences of mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA, and nuclear 28S rRNA) of 15 specimens from 8 localities between Japan and Australia reveal three clades, among which there are small morphological differences and which show allopatric distributions. Cerithideopsis largillierti sensu stricto is restricted to Japan and China, while the two other species are described as new: C. australiensis occurs in tropical Australasia and C. malayensis is found from Malaysia to Java and the Philippines. All occur on mud and in pools with leaf litter, in the shaded landward and middle zones of mangrove forests, and do not climb the trees. The species accounts include full synonymies, detailed descriptions of shells based on 82 museum samples, descriptions of living animals, distribution records and maps, and notes on habitat and conservation status. PMID:24871714

Reid, David G; Claremont, Martine

2014-01-01

252

Population biology of the gastropod Olivella minuta (Gastropoda, Olividae) on two sheltered beaches in southeastern Brazil  

Science.gov (United States)

The structure, dynamics and production of two populations of the olivid gastropod Olivella minuta were analyzed through monthly sampling from November 2009 through October 2011 on two sandy beaches, Pernambuco (very sheltered) and Barequeçaba (sheltered) in São Paulo state (23°48'S), southeastern Brazil. On both beaches, samples were taken along five transects established perpendicular to the waterline. Parameters of the von Bertalanffy growth function were estimated for both populations from monthly length-frequency distributions. The production and turnover ratios were determined using the mass-specific growth rate method. The population on the less-sheltered Barequeçaba Beach was less abundant (120.02 ± 22.60 ind m-1) than on Pernambuco Beach (3295.30 ± 504.86 ind m-1 (±SE)), which we attribute to the greater environmental stability of the latter. Conversely, the mean length, size of the largest individual, and body mass were higher at Barequeçaba than at Pernambuco. The significant differences in the growth of individuals and the mortality rate (Z) between the beaches suggest that density-dependent processes were operating at Pernambuco Beach. The production and P/B ratio at Pernambuco (12.12 g AFDM m-1 year-1 and 1.91 year-1) were higher than at Barequeçaba (0.82 g AFDM m-1 year-1 and 1.06 year-1). The difference in production can be attributed to the higher abundance on Pernambuco, while the higher P/B ratio resulted from the scarcity of smaller individuals in the intertidal zone of Barequeçaba. The P/B ratio estimated for the Pernambuco population is the highest found so far for sandy-beach gastropods. This study reinforces the theory that biological interactions are important regulators of sheltered sandy-beach populations. Future studies with multi-beach sampling are needed to better understand the life-history variations of O. minuta along gradients of degree of exposure of sandy beaches.

Petracco, Marcelo; Camargo, Rita Monteiro; Tardelli, Daniel Teixeira; Turra, Alexander

2014-10-01

253

Induction of larval settlement and metamorphosis of Haliotis discus hannai Ino (Gastropoda, Mollusca)  

Science.gov (United States)

Conspecific foot mucus, excessive [K+] and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) showed different metamorphosis-inductive effect on the veliger of Haliotis discus hannai. The inductive effect of excessive [K+] and GABA was developmental stage-dependent and dose-dependent, while that of conspecific foot mucus was only developmental stage-dependent. At 20°C the veliger larvae became competent within 4 days after fertilization. H. discus hannai larvae showed gregarious settlement pattern on the conspecific foot mucus under the conditions of either presence or absence of KCl or GABA. The present studies showed that the effect of conspecific foot mucus on abalone larvae metamorphosis could be dose-independent.

Yang, Yu; Wu, Bao-Ling

1995-03-01

254

Genetic diversity, fixation and differentiation of the freshwater snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) in arid lands.  

Science.gov (United States)

The freshwater snail Biomphalaria pfeifferi is the main intermediate host of human intestinal Bilharziasis. It is widely distributed in Africa, Madagascar and middle-eastern countries, and its habitat includes wetlands, and arid to semi-arid areas. Based on analysis of 18 microsatellites, we investigated reference allelic variation among 30 populations of B. pfeifferi from three drainage basins in Dhofar, Oman (the eastern limit of its distribution). This is an arid to semi-arid region, with a 9,000-year history of very low rainfall, but is subject to unpredictable and destructive flash floods. In this context we showed that genetic fixation was very high compared to genetic differentiation which was moderate and, that, relative to B. pfeifferi populations from wetlands, the populations in Dhofar show evidence of lower levels of genetic diversity, a higher degree of genetic fixation, a quasi-absence of migration, and a higher level of genetic drift. Despite the extreme conditions in the Dhofar habitat of this species, it is able to survive because of its very high self-fertilization (approaching 100 %) and fecundity rates. PMID:23543205

Mintsa Nguema, Rodrigue; Langand, Juliette; Galinier, Richard; Idris, Mohamed A; Shaban, Mahmoud A; Al Yafae, Salem; Moné, Hélène; Mouahid, Gabriel

2013-06-01

255

Venomous mollusks: the risks of human accidents by conus snails (gastropoda: conidae) in Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mollusks of the genus Conus present a venomous apparatus composed of radulae, a chitin structure linked to glands, which injects potent neurotoxic peptides, causing serious human envenomation and even death, associated with the blockage of certain receptors and muscular paralysis. No reported envenomation has occurred in Brazil, but certain populations are at risk of accidents. PMID:17160331

Haddad, Vidal; de Paula Neto, João Batista; Cobo, Válter José

2006-01-01

256

The First Record of a Marriage Cone, Conus sponsalis (Conidae: Gastropoda from Korea  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Conus Linnaeus, 1758 is a large genus of marine gastropod mollusks belonging to the family Conidae. The Conus species are mostly distributed in the tropical waters of the world, and they are especially abundant in the Indo-West Pacific region. To date, more than 600 species, most of which are predatory species, have been named worldwide in this genus and only six species have been recorded in the Korean waters. Conus sponsalis Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792 was collected from Jeju Island and identified as a new Korean record. In this study, we report a description of the shell morphology of the species.

Joong-Ki Park

2014-01-01

257

Report of a human accident caused by Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Conus regius is a venomous mollusc in the Conidae family, which includes species responsible for severe or even fatal accidents affecting human beings. This is the first report on a clinical case involving this species. It consisted a puncture in the right hand of a diver who presented paresthesia and movement difficulty in the whole limb. The manifestations disappeared after around twelve hours, without sequelae. PMID:19802483

Haddad, Vidal; Coltro, Marcus; Simone, Luiz Ricardo L

2009-01-01

258

The First Record of a Marriage Cone, Conus sponsalis (Conidae: Gastropoda) from Korea  

OpenAIRE

The Conus Linnaeus, 1758 is a large genus of marine gastropod mollusks belonging to the family Conidae. The Conus species are mostly distributed in the tropical waters of the world, and they are especially abundant in the Indo-West Pacific region. To date, more than 600 species, most of which are predatory species, have been named worldwide in this genus and only six species have been recorded in the Korean waters. Conus sponsalis Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792 was collected from Jeju I...

Joong-Ki Park; Sang-Hwa Lee

2014-01-01

259

A new species of hydrobiid snails (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae from central Greece  

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Full Text Available A new minute valvatiform species belonging to the genus Daphniola Radoman 1973, Daphniola eptalophos sp. n., from mountain Parnassos, Greece is described. The new species has a transparent valvatiform-planispiral shell, wide and open umbilicus, grey-black pigmented soft body and head and a black penis with a small colorless outgrowth on the left side near its base. A comparative table of shell dimensions and a key to the species known for this endemic genus for Greece are provided.

Canella Radea

2011-10-01

260

Mapping of Buccal Neurons Innervating the Feeding Apparatus of Eobania vermiculata (Gastropoda, pulmonata  

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Full Text Available The paired buccal ganglia of Eobania vermiculata were investigated by light and electron microscopical methods, and a surface map of the ganglia was constructed. Mostly eight paired plus an unpaired buccal nerves were observed in dissected animals. Four giant neurons with a diameter more than 100 ?m were identified in the lateral region of each ganglion. Besides the giant neurons, middle - ( 30-60?m as well as small- ( <30?m sized neurons were localized. Possible axonal projections of buccal neurons in the pharyngeal nerves innervating the buccal musculature were determined with the aid of retrograde infusion of cobalt lysine. Large amounts of neuro secretory granules in most neurons were also present. In the neuropile of the ganglion, synapses were found in large numbers which are of axo-axonic type. The map produced herein provides an important first step towards the neural circuitry controlling feeding behavior in Eobania vermiculata.

Amina Essawy

2001-01-01

261

Neuromuscular development of Aeolidiella stephanieae Valdéz, 2005 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Nudibranchia)  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Studies on the development of the nervous system and the musculature of invertebrates have become more sophisticated and numerous within the last decade and have proven to provide new insights into the evolutionary history of organisms. In order to provide new morphogenetic data on opisthobranch gastropods we investigated the neuromuscular development in the nudibranch Aeolidiella stephanieae Valdéz, 2005 using immunocytochemistry as well as F-ac...

Klussmann-Kolb Annette; Kristof Alen

2010-01-01

262

Annotated type catalogue of the Amphibulimidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea in the Natural History Museum, London  

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Full Text Available The type status is described of 39 taxa classified within the family Amphibulimidae (superfamily Orthalicoidea and kept in the London museum. One taxon, Bulimus elaeodes Pfeiffer, 1853, is removed to the Strophocheilidae. Lectotypes are designated for Bulimus adoptus Reeve, 1849; Bulimus (Eurytus eros Angas, 1878; Helix onca d’Orbigny, 1835; Amphibulima pardalina Guppy, 1868. The type status of the following taxon is changed to lectotype in accordance with Art. 74.6 ICZN: Strophocheilus (Dryptus jubeus Fulton, 1908.As general introduction to this and following papers on Orthalicoid types in the Natural History Museum, a brief history of the London collection is given and several examples of handwriting from different authors are presented.

Jonathan Ablett

2011-10-01

263

Systematics of the family Plectopylidae in Vietnam with additional information on Chinese taxa (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Stylommatophora)  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Vietnamese species from the family Plectopylidae are revised based on the type specimens of all known taxa, more than 600 historical non-type museum lots, and almost 200 newly-collected samples. Altogether more than 7000 specimens were investigated. The revision has revealed that species diversity of the Vietnamese Plectopylidae was previously overestimated. Overall, thirteen species names (anterides Gude, 1909, bavayi Gude, 1901, congesta Gude, 1898, fallax Gude, 1909, gouldingi Gude, 1909, hirsuta Möllendorff, 1901, jovia Mabille, 1887, moellendorffi Gude, 1901, persimilis Gude, 1901, pilsbryana Gude, 1901, soror Gude, 1908, tenuis Gude, 1901, verecunda Gude, 1909) were synonymised with other species. In addition to these, Gudeodiscus hemmeni sp. n. and Gudeodiscus messageri raheemi ssp. n. are described from north-western Vietnam. Sixteen species and two subspecies are recognized from Vietnam. The reproductive anatomy of eight taxa is described. Based on anatomical information, Halongella gen. n. is erected to include Plectopylis schlumbergeri and Plectopylis fruhstorferi. Additionally, the genus Gudeodiscus is subdivided into two subgenera (Gudeodiscus and Veludiscus subgen. n.) on the basis of the morphology of the reproductive anatomy and the radula. The Chinese Gudeodiscus phlyarius werneri Páll-Gergely, 2013 is moved to synonymy of Gudeodiscus phlyarius. A spermatophore was found in the organ situated next to the gametolytic sac in one specimen. This suggests that this organ in the Plectopylidae is a diverticulum. Statistically significant evidence is presented for the presence of calcareous hook-like granules inside the penis being associated with the absence of embryos in the uterus in four genera. This suggests that these probably play a role in mating periods before disappearing when embryos develop. Sicradiscus mansuyi is reported from China for the first time.

Páll-Gergely, Barna; Hunyadi, András; Ablett, Jonathan; L??ng, Hào V?n; Fred Naggs; Asami, Takahiro

2015-01-01

264

First record of Aylacostoma francana (Ihering, 1909) (Gastropoda, Thiaridae) in Minas Gerais state, Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Aylacostoma francana (Ihering, 1909) is a species of freshwater snail belonging to the family Thiaridae with distribution currently restricted to São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil. This paper aims to report the first record of the species in Minas Gerais state. Possible means of introduction, as well as some characteristics of this species and new areas of occurrence, are discussed herein.

Daniel Caracanhas Cavallari; Douglas de Pádua Andrade; Lucas Rezende Penido Paschoal

2013-01-01

265

Composición de ácidos grasos de los caracoles marinos Phyllonotus pomum y Chicoreus brevifrons (Gastropoda: Muricidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se comparó el contenido de ácidos grasos en los lípidos totales de los caracoles Phyllonotus pomum y Chicoreus brevifrons, recolectados en tres diferentes épocas del año en Punta Arena, estado Sucre, Venezuela. Las concentraciones lipídicas oscilaron entre 0.87 y 1.85%, correspondiendo el valor míni [...] mo y el máximo a C. brevifrons colectado en lluvia y sequía, respectivamente. La esterificación de los ácidos grasos presentes en estos lípidos seguida de la cromatografía de gases permitió la caracterización y cuantificación de los ácidos grasos. En los lípidos totales de las dos especies, en todas las épocas, se observaron elevadas concentraciones de ácidos grasos insaturados (57.21-70.05%) seguido de los saturados (20.33-31.94%). Entre los ácidos grasos insaturados, predominaron los de tipo poliinsaturados, exceptuándose el extracto lipídico de P. pomum en época de transición donde las grasas monoinsaturadas fueron las mayoritarias (38.95%). Los ácidos grasos que prevalecieron fueron: C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:1, C22:1 ?- 11, C22:1 ?-9, C18:3 ?-3, C20:5 ?-3 y el C22:6 ?-3, siendo este ?ltimo el predominante entre los ?cidos grasos poliinsaturados, presentando porcentajes de distribuci?n comprendidos entre 4.62 y 33.11%. Debido a las altas concentraciones de ácidos grasos poliinsaturados encontradas en ambos caracoles, se recomienda su consumo para la alimentación de los seres humanos. Abstract in english Fatty acids composition of the marine snails Phyllonotus pomum and Chicoreus brevifrons (Muricidae). Muricid species of P. pomum and C. brevifrons are of economic importance in the Caribbean. This study includes a comparative evaluation of fatty acid content in the total lipid composition of Phyllon [...] otus pomum and Chicoreus brevifrons. Snail samples were collected during the rainy, dry and transition seasons, in Punta Arena, Sucre (Venezuela). Total lipids were extracted and the specific fatty acid contents were analyzed by gas chromatography. Lipid concentrations varied between 0.87 and 1.85%, with minimum and maximum values corresponding to C. brevifrons collected during rainy and dry seasons, respectively. In the case of total lipids, a high concentration of unsaturated fatty acids (57.21-70.05%) was observed followed by saturated fatty acids (20.33- 31.94%), during all seasons. The polyunsaturated occurred in higher proportion among the unsaturated fatty acids, except for P. pomum which showed higher proportion of monounsaturated fatty acids (38.95%) during the transition season. The prevailing fatty acids were: C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:1, C22:1 ?-11, C22:1 ?-9, C18:3 ?-3, C20:5 ?-3 and C22:6 ?-3, among which docosahexaenoic acid was the predominant polyunsaturated fatty acid, showing values between 4.62 and 33.11%. The presence of high concentrations of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in P. Pomum and C. brevifrons allow their recommendation for human consumption with appropriate resource utilization. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (2): 645-654. Epub 2010 June 02.

Haydelba, D’Armas; Dayanis, Yáñez; Dilia, Reyes; Gabriel, Salazar.

2010-06-01

266

Morphological studies on Bulinus sp. (Gastropoda: Planorbidae from Nchout Monoun, Cameroon  

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Full Text Available Since 1990, diploidBulinus sp. populations have been reported from many sites in the volcanic western Bamileke and Bamoun plateau in Cameroon; starch gel electrophoresis of enzymes and chromosome analyses have revealed a single band in hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH, and a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 36. Several samples have been tentatively identified as B. natalensis (Küster, 1841 on the basis of observations on the shell and radula. The present study is a preliminary analysis of the characteristics of the shell and the radula of the snails from Nchout Monoun Crater Lake (Monoun Koumogoum for adequate comparisons with the widely studied B. natalensis/tropicus complex from East and South Africa. Comparison of the ratio of shell length to aperture length (L/AL, plotted against shell length (L in a scatter diagram, showed a 47% overlap between the dimensions of the Nchout Monoun sample and those from KwaZulu-Natal. From previous observations on the diploid chromosome number, single electrophoretic bands on HBDH and IDH enzyme systems, euphallic genital system, arrowhead-shaped mesocones and the characteristic features of the shell, we conclude that Bulinus sp. from Nchout Monoun is closely related to B. natalensis.

R. Mimpfoundi

2011-10-01

267

ESR studies of {gamma}-irradiated Rapana venosa (Gastropoda, Muricidae) shell  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The unirradiated as well as {sup 60}Co {gamma}-ray irradiated up to 11.3kGy shells of veined Rapana Whelk (Rapana venosa), collected from the Black Sea coasts (Romania) were investigated by ESR technique. The radicals produced by {gamma}-irradiation in Rapana shell whose g-factors varied from 1.9976 to 2.0057 were attributed to CO{sub 2}{sup -}, CO{sub 3}{sup 3-}, CO{sub 3}{sup -}, and SO{sub 2}{sup -} species. The analysis of ESR spectra showed that the ESR signal intensity of all these radicals enhanced gradually with the increase of absorbed dose while the thermal treatment (100 deg. C) revealed an exponential decrease of the ESR amplitude with the annealing time for CO{sub 2}{sup -} and CO{sub 3}{sup 3-} free radicals.

Dana Seletchi, Emilia [Department of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, University of Bucharest, Magurele, P.O. Box, MG-11, RO-077125, Bucharest (Romania)]. E-mail: ed_seletchi@yahoo.com; Duliu, Octavian G. [Department of Atomic and Nuclear Physics, University of Bucharest, Magurele, P.O. Box, MG-11, RO-077125, Bucharest (Romania); Georgescu, Rodica [National Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering, Magurele, P.O. Box, MG-6, RO-077125, Bucharest (Romania)

2007-10-15

268

Behavior of Biomphalaria glabrata Say, 1818 (Gastropoda: Planorbidae): I. Morphophysiology of the Mantle Cavity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Using longitudinal and transverse anatomical sections, we observed that the three cristae of the mantle of Biomphalaria glabrata (renal, rectal and dorsolateral cristae) divide the mantle cavity into three chambers which we designated air or pulmonary chamber, water inflow chamber and water outflow [...] chamber. Using videotape filming, we observed the inflow and outflow of air and water into and from the mantle cavity and we related their probable functions such as flotation, oxygen reservoir and transport, excreta circulation and elimination, water skeleton, and modification of specific weight. To determine whether the air bubble may function as a physical gill in this species we submitted three groups of snails to different systems in which water contained the same level of dissolved oxygen whereas the gas phases were atmospheric air, pure nitrogen or pure oxygen. We observed the following parameters: time of permanence on the surface, time of immersion, and frequency at which the snails reached the surface. These results did not demonstrate a physical gill function; morphological analysis of the mantle cavity indicates this possibility

Pedro, Jurberg; Rodolfo A, Cunha; Marcelo Luis, Rodrigues.

1997-03-01

269

Behavior of Biomphalaria glabrata Say, 1818 (Gastropoda: Planorbidae: I. Morphophysiology of the Mantle Cavity  

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Full Text Available Using longitudinal and transverse anatomical sections, we observed that the three cristae of the mantle of Biomphalaria glabrata (renal, rectal and dorsolateral cristae divide the mantle cavity into three chambers which we designated air or pulmonary chamber, water inflow chamber and water outflow chamber. Using videotape filming, we observed the inflow and outflow of air and water into and from the mantle cavity and we related their probable functions such as flotation, oxygen reservoir and transport, excreta circulation and elimination, water skeleton, and modification of specific weight. To determine whether the air bubble may function as a physical gill in this species we submitted three groups of snails to different systems in which water contained the same level of dissolved oxygen whereas the gas phases were atmospheric air, pure nitrogen or pure oxygen. We observed the following parameters: time of permanence on the surface, time of immersion, and frequency at which the snails reached the surface. These results did not demonstrate a physical gill function; morphological analysis of the mantle cavity indicates this possibility

Jurberg Pedro

1997-01-01

270

Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., a new species from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae)  

OpenAIRE

A new hydrobiid snail, Belgrandiella bozidarcurcici n. sp., is described from the rheocrene and rheopsammocrene springs situated in the canyon of the Cvrcka River, a region of Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The concept of the genus Belgrandiella seems to be extremely artificial, but for the time being we keep the new species as a member of the genus based mainly on the shape of the shell of its type species, B. kusceri (Wagner, 1914).

Glöer P.; Peši? V.

2014-01-01

271

Molecular systematics of the endemic Leptaxini (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) on the Azores islands.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Azorean representatives of the Leptaxini (Pulmonata) are single island endemics, where a high-spired shell distinguishes the monotypic genus Helixena from two slightly different low-spired forms within Leptaxis (azorica and caldeirarum type). We studied the evolutionary history of putative taxa and the three shell-types using 12 allozyme loci and sequences of nuclear (ITS-1 and ITS-2) and mitochondrial DNA (COI and 16S rRNA). While little variation was found in both ITS genes, allozyme and mtDNA divergence was among the highest reported for pulmonate land snails. Generally, phylogeographic patterns are indicative of allopatric differentiation via the successive colonization of (younger) islands, while a major role for adaptive evolution is not supported. The azorica shell-type is monophyletic and has no common history with other sympatric shell-types on the same islands. The (ambiguous) position of Helixena sanctaemariae makes Leptaxis paraphyletic on the Azores and possibly also the caldeirarum shell-type. Helixena can therefore not be distinguished as a separate genus on the Azores. Following a lineage-based concept, representatives on all (ancient) islands should be considered distinct species. PMID:16085432

Van Riel, Patrick; Jordaens, Kurt; Van Houtte, Natalie; Martins, Antonio M Frias; Verhagen, Ronald; Backeljau, Thierry

2005-10-01

272

Morphology and histology of the digestive gland of Oxychilus (Drouetia) atlanticus (Morelet & Drouët) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).  

OpenAIRE

Little information exists on the histology of Zonitidae digestive system. This study deals with a detailed characterization of the different types of cells comprising epithelium lining the digestive gland of 0xychilus atlanticus. From light and scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies, three types of differentiated cells can be identified in the digestive gland: digestive cells, excretory cells and calcium cells. Digestive cells are the most numerous, and are present in two forms, one be...

Lopes, Marco; Rodrigues, Armindo; Marigo?mez, Ionan

2001-01-01

273

Locomotion of Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Muricidae on a mixed shore of rocks and sand  

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Full Text Available Mixed shores of rocks and sand are appropriate systems for the study of limitations that the isolation of rocks may impose for gastropods that typically inhabit rocky shores. We marked 52 Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767 snails on a mixed shore and found that 34 of them moved between rocks one to four times during 15 surveys in a period of 72 days. In the experiments, the snails moved on rock by continuous, direct, ditaxic, alternate undulations of the foot sole but on submerged sand they used slower arrhythmic discontinuous contractions of the foot sole. They switched between modes of locomotion in response to the type and topography of the substrate and possibly to water dynamics. In nature, snails moved between rocks forming aggregations where they oviposited. This may have masked other causes of movement, such as availability of prey. Most snails burrowed into the sand when the rocks became exposed during low tides. Further experiments are needed to explicitly address the possible causes of movements among rocks and burial.

Marcos G. Papp

2001-03-01

274

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase  

OpenAIRE

A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.

Santana Teles Horácio Manuel; Faria Vaz Jorge; Fontes Luiz Roberto; Domingos Maria de Fátima

1997-01-01

275

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase  

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Full Text Available A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.

Santana Teles Horácio Manuel

1997-01-01

276

Molecular analysis of Muticaria syracusana and M. neuteboomi from Southeastern Sicily, Italy (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Clausiliidae  

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Full Text Available The genus Muticaria Lindholm, 1925, is currently distributed either in Southeastern Sicily or in the Malteseislands and comprises the species M. syracusana (Philippi, 1836, M. neuteboomi Beckmann, 1990 and M.macrostoma (Cantraine, 1835. For the first time, we report a molecular study on the topotypicous populationsof M. syracusana and M. neuteboomi carried out on fragments of the ribosomal 16S rDNA subunit and thecytochrome oxydase I (COI mitochondrial genes by Neighbour Joining, Maximum Likelihood, MaximumParsimony and Bayesian Inference algorithms. Our results revealed the existence of nucleotide-sequencedivergence (Dxy: 5% for 16S rDNA and 12% for COI sequences between the two taxa.

M. Stella Colomba

2010-12-01

277

Growth Ecology of Pila globosa (Swainson (Gastropoda: Pilidae in Simulated Habitat  

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Full Text Available Growth ecology of Pila globosa was studied in the simulated habitat with reference to its natural food habit. Growth rate and obesity index value for the snail population reared on natural aquatic food plants were higher than those, reared on cultivated food, Puni (Basela rubra. For natural food, the minimum and maximum mortality rates at age intervals of 224-238 days and 0-14 days were calculated as 0.00% and 16.00% while, on supplied cultivated vegetable food, (B. rubra at 252-266 days and 0-14 days age intervals, were obtained as 0.00% and 18.00% respectively. The life table was constructed on 266 days study of snails, reared on both types of food plants. The findings indicate the possibility of snail culture on large scale, in simulated habitats provided with physico-chemical parameters, like water temperature, pH, turbidity and dissolve oxygen of water, strictly maintained.

Md. Sarwar Jahan

2001-01-01

278

Latitudinal variation of freeze tolerance in intertidal marine snails of the genus Melampus (gastropoda: ellobiidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Low temperatures limit the poleward distribution of many species such that the expansion of geographic range can only be accomplished via evolutionary innovation. We have tested for physiological differences among closely related species to determine whether their poleward latitudinal ranges are limited by tolerance to cold. We measured lower temperature tolerance (LT50) among a group of intertidal pulmonate snails from six congeneric species and nine locales. Differences in tolerance are placed in the context of a molecular phylogeny based on one mitochondrial (cytochrome oxidase subunit I) and two nuclear (histone 3 and a mitochondrial phosphate carrier protein) markers. Temperate species from two separate lineages had significantly lower measures of LT50 than related tropical species. Range differences within the temperate zone, however, were not explained by LT50. These results show that multiple adaptations to cold and freezing may have enabled range expansions out of the tropics in Melampus. However, northern range limits within temperate species are not governed by cold tolerance alone. PMID:24940916

Dennis, A B; Loomis, S H; Hellberg, M E

2014-01-01

279

Estudos anatômicos e histológicos, principalmente do aparelho genital de Bulimulus corumbaensis Pilsbry, 1897: (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimulidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese No trabalho apresentado os autores fazem um estudo sôbre a estrutura anatômica e histológica do aparelho genital de Bulimulus corumbaensis Pilsbry, 1897, considerando também a descrição da concha, mandíbula, rádula e câmara paleal. Esta espécie, que era conhecida apenas pelos seus caracteres conchio [...] lógicos, apresenta como caracteres importantes para a sua diagnose a morfologia e a estrutura das seguintes partes: 1 - Conchas de adultos com comprimento variando entre 19 mm e 29 mm. Muito característico nesta espécie é sua ornamentação com faixas axiais translúcidas e opacas. As primeiras variam de incolores a castanhas com tôdas as tonalidades. Devido a isto, conforme a intensidade da pigmentação e a freqüência das faixas translúcidas, a coloração da concha fica entre o branco e o castanho. Nas conchas totalmente brancas, existem faixas axiais translúcidas (desprovidas de pigmentação castanha) e faixas branco opacas intercaladas. As conchas intensamente castanhas, apresentam esta tonalidade pela proximidade das faixas castanhas translúcidas. 2 - Ovotestis constiuído por numerosos grupos de folículos bem individualizados, variando nos exemplares dissecados de 4 a 6. 3 - "Talon" aproximadamente três vêzes menor que o canal hermafrodita, apresentando-se dividido em dois tubos. O menos, situado no lado oposto à entrada do canal hermafrodita, histològicamente, é constituído por um único tupo de luz ampla. O maior, situado entre o canal hermafrodita e o tubo acima referido, microscòpicamente mostra 7 túbulos, que em alturas diferentes vão desembocar no tubo menor. O canal hermafrodita, por sua vez, desemboca um pouco mais abaixo. 4 - A bainha muscular do pênis, que é bem desenvolvida, é atravessada aproximadamente na metade do seu comprimetno pelo canal deferente. 5 - Porção proximal do falus apresentando 5 glândulas tubulosas ramificadas, distribuídas do seguinte modo: posteriormente são em número de 4, dispostas envolvendo a luz central do pênis e nela desembocando em alturas variáveis. A outra glândula, anteriormente situada, tem numerosos septos e resulta de uma divisão da luz central do pênis, com modificação do epitélio que se tornou glandular. 6 - A inserção do músculo retrator no flagelo é subterminal.

P. D., Lanzieri; H. E. B. de, Rezende.

280

Echinostomatid larval stages in Lymnaea viatrix (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) from southwest Patagonia, Argentina.  

Science.gov (United States)

The partial life cycle of an echinostomatid found in Lymnaea viatrix from Patagonia, Argentina, was experimentally clarified. Emerging cercariae were exposed to laboratory-reared specimens of Biomphalaria sp. Metacercariae obtained from both naturally and experimentally infected snails were force-fed to chicks. Specimens recovered from the chicks belong to Echinoparyphium sp. on the basis of morphological features. The studied species possesses 43 collar spines arranged in 4-4-27-4-4 at all stages, a cercariae with over 100 small corpuscles in the excretory system, a cercariae tail without finfolds, and a metacercariae with a thin cyst wall. The present species cannot be assigned to Echinoparyphium megacirrus despite their morphological similarity because of differences in the habitats of L. viatrix and the intermediate hosts of E. megacirrus, namely Chilina dombeiana, Diplodon chilensis, and Temnocephala chilensis. More information on some life cycle stages and on the ecology of the intermediate hosts is needed to clarify the taxonomic status of the parasite. This study represents the first detailed description of parasites other than Fasciola hepatica in L. viatrix from Argentina. PMID:17539415

Prepelitchi, Lucila; de Núñez, Margarita Ostrowski

2007-04-01

281

Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Gastropoda: Physidae): a study of topotypic specimens  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english A description is given of Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, based on topotypic specimens from the Garonne river basin, and additional samples from the environs of the French cities of Montpellier and Perpignan. It proved indistinguishable, in shell and anatomy, from topotypic Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 18 [...] 39, thus leading the authors to admit the synonymy of the two nominal species under the older name, P. acuta.

W Lobato, Paraense; Jean-Pierre, Pointier.

2003-06-01

282

A contribution to distribution of genus Stagnicola and Catascopia (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae in the Czech Republic  

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Full Text Available This paper brings a contribution to the distribution of genus Stagnicola Jeffreys, 1830 and Catascopia Meier-Brook & Bargues, 2002 in the Czech Republic. Occurrence of four species has been confirmed in the Czech Republic so far. Two species – Stagnicola corvus (Gmelin, 1791 and S. palustris (O.F. Müller, 1774 (including S. turricula (Held, 1836, are widespread and common especially in lowlands along bigger rivers (Labe, Oh?e, Morava, Dyje, Odra. Occurrence of S. fuscus (Pfeiffer, 1821 is restricted to the territory of the north-western part of Bohemia and Catascopia occulta (Jackiewicz, 1959 is a rare species with only two known sites.

Luboš Beran

2008-09-01

283

Pseudo-imposex: male features in female volutes not TBT-induced (Gastropoda: Volutidae)  

OpenAIRE

The occurrence of a penis in female gastropods of the superfamily Muricoidea (infraorder Neogastropoda) has commonly been accepted as an indicator of tributyltin (TBT) pollution. Some species seem less sensitive than others, and one belonging to the family Columbellidae has been reported that it lacks the imposex response. During a survey in South-east Asian waters, females of Cymbiola nobilis and Melo melo (family Volutidae) with a small penis and an external vas deferens were initially cons...

Swennen, C.; Horpet, P.

2008-01-01

284

Large Differences Over Small Distances: Plasticity in the Shells of Elimia potosiensis (Gastropoda: Pleuroceridae  

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Full Text Available Phenotypic plasticity in freshwater mollusks is a well-known phenomenon, occurring in both bivalves and gastropods.  Most work on freshwater snail plasticity has focused either on presence/absence of a single factor, or has looked at responses to environmental gradients over large geographical scales.  Using the pleurocerid snail Elimia potosiensis from a spring and creek in Arkansas, we show a plastic environmental response at a scale thousands of times smaller than was previously known.  Shells of E. potosiensis exhibit plasticity consist with that seen in other pleurocerids over the course of hundreds of meters.  Possible explanations for this small-scale plasticity are offered.

Russell L Minton

2010-12-01

285

The first record of Anisus vorticulus (Troschel, 1834) (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Croatia?  

OpenAIRE

A threatened planorbid gastropod Anisus vorticulus (Troschel, 1834), listed in the EU Habitat Directive, was found in the Krka National Park in Croatia in August 2009. This find is the first known record at least in the western part of Croatia belonging to the Adriatic Sea drainage area.

Luboš Beran

2009-01-01

286

Population ecology and fishery of Cittarium pica (Gastropoda: Trochidae) on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: English Abstract in spanish El caracol Cittarium pica (West Indian Top Shell) es recolectado en forma artesanal en zonas rocosas de la costa Caribe de Costa Rica. A la fecha no hay datos sobre esta extracción ni existe regulación de su pesquería. La dinámica poblacional de esta especie fue evaluada, desde octubre del 2000 hast [...] a marzo del 2001, en dos sitios en los cuales la especies es recolectada (Playa Negra y Cahuita), y en un sitio protegido de la actividad pesquera (Isla Uvita). La densidad promedio de la población fue 14 ind/m², cerca de tres veces más alta en el sitio protegido que en los dos no protegidos. Los histogramas de frecuencia de tallas mostraron un fuerte sesgo hacia los ejemplares más pequeños en los sitios no protegidos, lo que se refleja también en tasas de mortalidad total significativamente más altas (Z = 4.05 y 4.47) cuando se les compara con el sitio protegido (Z = 1.47). Los parámetros de crecimiento según von Bertalanffy fueron estirnados en k = 0.19 - 0.28 / año y L?= 104 mm. No se encontró diferencias significativas entre los sitios. A partir de estos valores el índice ? (performance index ?) estuvo en un ?mbito de 3.31 a 3.48, el cual se encuentra entre los valores bajos informados para otros gastrópodos tropicales. La edad a la primera madurez sexual para ambos sexos combinados fue estimada en 29.20 ± 1.14 mm. Las tasas de explotación fueron mayores a 0.6 para los sitios no protegidos y un alto componente de ejemplares pequeños (menos de 30 mm) en las recolectas, sugieren una sobre explotación de los adultos y sobrepesca en el reclutamiento. Con base en la estimación de la captura máxima sostenible (maximum sustainable yield), se recomienda algunas medidas reguladores de la pesquería como el control de un tamaño mínimo de desernbarque de 40 mm y la veda de la pesquería durante los rneses de reproducción (de julio a noviembre). Abstract in english The West Indian Topshell Cittarium pica is artisanally collected on rocky shores along the Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica. There are neither data on the state of its exploitation nor exist any regulation of the fishery. From October 2000 to March 2001, the population dynamics of this species were stu [...] died at an unexploited and two exploited sites to determine the present impact of the fishery on the resource. Average population density with 14 ind./m² about three times higher at the unexploited than at the exploited sites. Length-frequeney histograms showed a strong shift towards smaller specimens at the exploited sites, which is also reflected in significantly higher rates of total mortality (Z = 4.05 and 4.47) when compared to the unexploited site (Z = 1.47). Von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated as k = 0.19-0.28 (yr-1) and L?= 104 mm. No significant differences were found among sites. From these values a range of the growth performance index ? was computed ( ? = 3.31-3.48) which lies at the lower end of the values reported for other tropical marine gastropods. The size at first maturity for both sexes combined was estimated as 29.20 ± 1.14 mm. Exploitation rates >0.6 for both exploited sites and a large fraction of small specimens (

Stefanie, Schmidt; Matthias, Wolff; José A., Vargas.

1079-10-01

287

[Phenotypic variability of the shell in Neritinidae (Gastropoda: Neritimorpha) in Puerto Rican rivers].  

Science.gov (United States)

Gastropods of the Neritinidae family exhibit an amphidromous life cycle and an impressive variability in shell coloration in Puerto Rican streams and rivers. Various nominal species have been described, but Neritina virginea [Linne 1758], N. punctulata [Lamarck 1816] and N. reclivata [Say 1822] are the only broadly reported. However, recent studies have shown that these three species are sympatric at the river scale and that species determination might be difficult due to the presence of intermediate color morphs. Individuals (8 751) were collected from ten rivers across Puerto Rico, and from various segments and habitats in Mameyes River (the most pristine island-wide) during three years (2000-2003), and they were assigned to one of seven phenotypes corresponding to nominal species and morphs (non-nominal species). The "axial lines and dots" morph corresponding to N. reclivata was the most frequent island-wide, while the patelliform N. punctulata was scant, but the only found in headwater reaches. The "yellowish large tongues" phenotype, typical of N. virginea s.s. was the most frequent in the river mouth. The frequency of secondary phenotypes varied broadly among rivers, along the rivers, and among habitats, seemly influenced by salinity and predation gradients. The occurrence of individuals with coloration shifts after predation injuries, suggests phenotypic plasticity in the three nominal species, and urges for the use of molecular markers to unravel the possible occurrence of a species complex, and to understand the genetic basis of polymorphism. The longitudinal distribution of individual sizes, population density and egg capsules suggested the adaptive value of upstream migration, possibly to avoid marine predators. PMID:25189069

Blanco, Juan Felipe; Tamayo, Silvana; Scatena, Frederick N

2014-04-01

288

First records of the invasive slug Arion lusitanicus auct. non Mabille (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Arionidae in Romania  

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Full Text Available The invasive pest slug Arion lusitanicus (also known as Arion vulgaris has spread throughout much of Europe within the last 60 years, becoming one of the worst agricultural and horticultural pest species. It has now been detected in Romania for the first time. There are dense populations at two sites in Bra?ov County (2013 and another occurrence in Mure? County (2012. We review occurrences in neighbouring countries and discuss evidence that A. lusitanicus might have arrived in Romania earlier. Further research on the species’ spread in Romania and on its impact on the native fauna and flora is necessary.

Ana-Maria P?pureanu

2014-03-01

289

Organ- and species-specific accumulation of metals in two land snail species (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to evaluate the usefulness of terrestrial gastropods as bioindicators there is a need for studies that simultaneously compare (1) concentrations of metals in reference and polluted plots, (2) species within the same polluted habitat, (3) metal accumulation patterns in different organs and (4) metal accumulation patterns in relation to soil physicochemical properties. This study aims to assess metal accumulation patterns in two land snail species. Instead of analyzing an organism as a whole, investigating the partitioning of metals in different organs can provide information on the actual toxicological relevant fractions. Therefore, concentrations of Ag, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn were examined in five different organs of Cepaea nemoralis, as well as in the foot and the body of Succinea putris. Snails were sampled at four polluted dredged sediment disposal localities and three adjacent less polluted reference plots situated along waterways in Flanders, Belgium. Due to the small size and problematic dissection of S. putris only the concentrations in the foot of both species could be compared. For this reason only, C. nemoralis can be described as a better bioindicator species that allows a far more detailed analysis of organ metal accumulation. This study showed that organs other than the digestive gland may be involved in the immobilization and detoxification of metals. Furthermore, pH, soil fractionation (clay %, silt %, sand %) and organic matter, correlate with metal accumulation in organs. However, most often the soil metal concentrations did not correlate with the concentrations found in snail organs. Metal concentrations in organs of both species (1) differed among polluted plots but rarely between polluted and reference plots within a locality, (2) were organ-specific (digestive gland > foot > albumen gland = spermoviduct = ovotestis), (3) were species-specific and (4) depended on the metal type (high Cd and Cu concentrations were observed in the digestive gland and foot respectively). Our study emphasizes that background metal levels should be taken into account when using invertebrates as bioindicators of metal contamination and that bioindicators may show substantial differences in accumulation patterns even if they have a highly comparable ecology. - Highlights: ? Concentrations of accumulated metals differ among localities and between the snail species in the foot. ? Organs other than the digestive gland may be involved in the immobilization and detoxification of metals. ? Total metal concentrations and soil physicochemical properties alone are not enough to explain organ bioaccumulation

290

Tandonia rustica (Millet 1843) (Mollusca : Gastropoda), nouvelle espèce de limace pour la Vendée  

OpenAIRE

The slug Tandonia rustica has recently been discovered in the forest of Mervent, in Vendée. After a brief description of the site where the gastropod was found, the author describes the biology, ethology and distribution in France of this species.

Eulin, Jean-louis

2013-01-01

291

Vascular supply of the central nervous system of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The vascularization of the central nervous system of the snail Megalobulimus oblongus was studied by injection of carmine-gelatin solution into the arterial system and using a histochemical technique for the detection of alkaline phosphatase. The central nervous system of M. oblongus is irrigated by [...] the anterior aorta, from which a series of small branches emerge that supply the subesophageal nervous ganglia. In turn, these branches give rise to a series of smaller vessels that irrigate the buccal bulb, the anterior portion of the foot, the cerebral ganglia, the dorsal body gland, and the anterior portion of the reproductive system. No hemolymph vessels were detected within nervous tissue although such vessels were found in the periganglionic connective sheath. This connective sheath contains vascular loops and had a series of overlaps and projections that follow the contour of the nervous ganglia. This arrangement permits a larger area of interaction between the surface of the nervous tissue and the hemolymph and reduces the distance between the deepest portion of a given ganglion and the hemolymph vessels.

H.G., Nóblega; V., Missaglia; C., Stenert; M.C., Faccioni-Heuser; M., Achaval.

1247-12-01

292

Vascular supply of the central nervous system of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata  

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Full Text Available The vascularization of the central nervous system of the snail Megalobulimus oblongus was studied by injection of carmine-gelatin solution into the arterial system and using a histochemical technique for the detection of alkaline phosphatase. The central nervous system of M. oblongus is irrigated by the anterior aorta, from which a series of small branches emerge that supply the subesophageal nervous ganglia. In turn, these branches give rise to a series of smaller vessels that irrigate the buccal bulb, the anterior portion of the foot, the cerebral ganglia, the dorsal body gland, and the anterior portion of the reproductive system. No hemolymph vessels were detected within nervous tissue although such vessels were found in the periganglionic connective sheath. This connective sheath contains vascular loops and had a series of overlaps and projections that follow the contour of the nervous ganglia. This arrangement permits a larger area of interaction between the surface of the nervous tissue and the hemolymph and reduces the distance between the deepest portion of a given ganglion and the hemolymph vessels.

Nóblega H.G.

2003-01-01

293

Sphincterochilidae from Tunisia, with a note on the subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata  

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Full Text Available In order to establish an updated checklist of terrestrial gastropod from Tunisia, a revision of the species of Sphincterochilidae is presented, using bibliographic and museum records and the results of our own field work. As a result, only two species, Sphincterochila candidissima and S. tunetana, are accepted to occur in Tunisia, and their type specimens are illustrated. The study of the morphological characters of the genital organs of both species clarified their subgeneric affiliation. Comparison of S. tunetana with S. cariosa from Lebanon showed that the first has to be classified within the subgenus Albea, and the latter within Sphincterochila s. str.; the subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910 remains in the synonymy of Sphincterochila s. str. Bibliographic records of S. baetica and S. otthiana from Tunisia could not be confirmed, the latter probably lives close to the border with Algeria.

Said Nouira

2011-12-01

294

Sphincterochilidae from Tunisia, with a note on the subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

OpenAIRE

In order to establish an updated checklist of terrestrial gastropod from Tunisia, a revision of the species of Sphincterochilidae is presented, using bibliographic and museum records and the results of our own field work. As a result, only two species, Sphincterochila candidissima and Sphincterochila tunetana, are accepted to occur in Tunisia, and their type specimens are illustrated. The study of the morphological characters of the genital organs of both species clarified their subgeneric af...

Said Nouira; Intidhar Abbes; Eike Neubert

2011-01-01

295

Terrestrial slugs (Gastropoda, Pulmonata in the NATURA 2000 areas of Cyprus island  

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Full Text Available Terrestrial slugs of the Island of Cyprus were recently studied in the framework of a study of the whole terrestrial malacofauna of the island. The present work was carried out in the Natura 2000 conservation areas of the island in 155 sampling sites over three years (2004–2007. Museum collections as well as literature references were included. In total six species are present in the Natura 2000 areas of the island, belonging to three families: Limacidae, Agriolimacidae and Milacidae. One of the species, Milax riedeli, is a new record for the island. The distribution of the species across the island and in the surrounding areas is discussed.

Katerina Vardinoyannis

2012-03-01

296

Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais  

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Full Text Available An annotated checklist of land snails and slugs of Nord – Pas-de-Calais region is provided. It updates the knowledge on this group on the basis of the recent checklist of the non-marine Molluscs of France and includes recent data on systematics. Each species is annotated and data on ecology, distribution and status are given.

Xavier Cucherat

2006-01-01

297

New records of Testacella scutulum Sowerby, 1821 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Testacellidae from Southern Italy and Sicily  

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Full Text Available In the present paper we report on Testacella scutulum recently recorded for a few regions of Southern Italy andSicily. An updated distribution map, anatomical remarks and feeding behaviours of collected specimens arerelated in order to extend and improve general knowledge on these terrestrial molluscs.

Fabio Liberto

2011-03-01

298

The Japanese oyster drill Ocinebrellus inornatus (Récluz, 1851) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Muricidae), introduced to the Limfjord, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The predatory neogastropod Ocinebrellus inornatus was first reported from Europe in W France in 1995 and has since been detected at other sites in NW and N France and The Netherlands. It is native to the North Pacific where it preys on the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Here we report on the occurrence of the species in beds of European oysters (Ostrea edulis) in the Limfjord, NW Jutland, Denmark. The morphology-based identification has been confirmed by genetic analysis. The species was probably introduced with oysters imported from France in the 1970s and 1980s. The invasion is still relatively localized but as the species has established a reproductive population, it may eventually spread to other parts of the fjord and in time pose a problem to the oyster fishery. The species’ invasion history is reviewed

Lützen, JØrgen; Faasse, Marco

2012-01-01

299

First record of Aylacostoma francana (Ihering, 1909 (Gastropoda, Thiaridae in Minas Gerais state, Brazil  

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Full Text Available Aylacostoma francana (Ihering, 1909 is a species of freshwater snail belonging to the family Thiaridae with distribution currently restricted to São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil. This paper aims to report the first record of the species in Minas Gerais state. Possible means of introduction, as well as some characteristics of this species and new areas of occurrence, are discussed herein.

Daniel Caracanhas Cavallari

2013-06-01

300

Sexual Maturity and Sex Determination in Strombus canarium Linnaeus, 1758 (Gastropoda: Strombidae)  

OpenAIRE

The study was conducted at the Merambong Shoal, Johor Straits, Malaysia. Strombus canarium was the most abundant herbivorous mollusc within the study site, highly prized as seafood and contributes to the economics of the locals. Ontogenetic development of sex characters and sexual maturity were determined via logistic curve analysis, using shell-length and/or lip thickness as predictors. The minimum shell-length at which sex characters appeared was at 30 mm in males and 32 mm in ...

Zaidi Che Cob; Aziz Arshad; Japar Sidik Bujang; Mazlan Abd. Ghaffar

2008-01-01

301

Population ecology and fishery of Cittarium pica (Gastropoda: Trochidae on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica  

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Full Text Available The West Indian Topshell Cittarium pica is artisanally collected on rocky shores along the Caribbean Coast of Costa Rica. There are neither data on the state of its exploitation nor exist any regulation of the fishery. From October 2000 to March 2001, the population dynamics of this species were studied at an unexploited and two exploited sites to determine the present impact of the fishery on the resource. Average population density with 14 ind./m² about three times higher at the unexploited than at the exploited sites. Length-frequeney histograms showed a strong shift towards smaller specimens at the exploited sites, which is also reflected in significantly higher rates of total mortality (Z = 4.05 and 4.47 when compared to the unexploited site (Z = 1.47. Von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated as k = 0.19-0.28 (yr-1 and L?= 104 mm. No significant differences were found among sites. From these values a range of the growth performance index ? was computed ( ? = 3.31-3.48 which lies at the lower end of the values reported for other tropical marine gastropods. The size at first maturity for both sexes combined was estimated as 29.20 ± 1.14 mm. Exploitation rates >0.6 for both exploited sites and a large fraction of small specimens (El caracol Cittarium pica (West Indian Top Shell es recolectado en forma artesanal en zonas rocosas de la costa Caribe de Costa Rica. A la fecha no hay datos sobre esta extracción ni existe regulación de su pesquería. La dinámica poblacional de esta especie fue evaluada, desde octubre del 2000 hasta marzo del 2001, en dos sitios en los cuales la especies es recolectada (Playa Negra y Cahuita, y en un sitio protegido de la actividad pesquera (Isla Uvita. La densidad promedio de la población fue 14 ind/m², cerca de tres veces más alta en el sitio protegido que en los dos no protegidos. Los histogramas de frecuencia de tallas mostraron un fuerte sesgo hacia los ejemplares más pequeños en los sitios no protegidos, lo que se refleja también en tasas de mortalidad total significativamente más altas (Z = 4.05 y 4.47 cuando se les compara con el sitio protegido (Z = 1.47. Los parámetros de crecimiento según von Bertalanffy fueron estirnados en k = 0.19 - 0.28 / año y L?= 104 mm. No se encontró diferencias significativas entre los sitios. A partir de estos valores el índice ? (performance index ? estuvo en un ?mbito de 3.31 a 3.48, el cual se encuentra entre los valores bajos informados para otros gastrópodos tropicales. La edad a la primera madurez sexual para ambos sexos combinados fue estimada en 29.20 ± 1.14 mm. Las tasas de explotación fueron mayores a 0.6 para los sitios no protegidos y un alto componente de ejemplares pequeños (menos de 30 mm en las recolectas, sugieren una sobre explotación de los adultos y sobrepesca en el reclutamiento. Con base en la estimación de la captura máxima sostenible (maximum sustainable yield, se recomienda algunas medidas reguladores de la pesquería como el control de un tamaño mínimo de desernbarque de 40 mm y la veda de la pesquería durante los rneses de reproducción (de julio a noviembre.

Stefanie Schmidt

2002-12-01

302

The freshwater snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae) from Montenegro  

OpenAIRE

New records of freshwater snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon from Montenegro are presented. Bythinella dispersa, 1973 and B. luteola Radoman, 1976 are recognized and defined as separate species; B. taraensis n. sp., which lives partially sympatric with B. dispersa in the canyon of the River Tara, is described as new. All Bythinella spp. in Montengro inhabit the Dinaric part of the Black Sea drainage area, while it is practically absent from the Adriatic drainage area.

Gloer P.; Peši? V.

2010-01-01

303

The freshwater snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae from Montenegro  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available New records of freshwater snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon from Montenegro are presented. Bythinella dispersa, 1973 and B. luteola Radoman, 1976 are recognized and defined as separate species; B. taraensis n. sp., which lives partially sympatric with B. dispersa in the canyon of the River Tara, is described as new. All Bythinella spp. in Montengro inhabit the Dinaric part of the Black Sea drainage area, while it is practically absent from the Adriatic drainage area.

Gloer P.

2010-01-01

304

Unusual micrometric calcite-aragonite interface in the abalone shell Haliotis (Mollusca, Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

Species of Haliotis (abalone) show high variety in structure and mineralogy of the shell. One of the European species (Haliotis tuberculata) in particular has an unusual shell structure in which calcite and aragonite coexist at a microscale with small patches of aragonite embedded in larger calcitic zones. A detailed examination of the boundary between calcite and aragonite using analytical microscopies shows that the organic contents of calcite and aragonite differ. Moreover, changes in the chemical composition of the two minerals seem to be gradual and define a micrometric zone of transition between the two main layers. A similar transition zone has been observed between the layers in more classical and regularly structured mollusk shells. The imbrication of microscopic patches of aragonite within a calcitic zone suggests the occurrence of very fast physiological changes in these taxa. PMID:24188740

Dauphin, Yannicke; Cuif, Jean-Pierre; Castillo-Michel, Hiram; Chevallard, Corinne; Farre, Bastien; Meibom, Anders

2014-02-01

305

Aspectos histológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de Biomphalaria glabrata e Bradybaena similaris (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata  

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Full Text Available Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818 é um gastrópode pulmonado de água doce que desperta grande interesse médico e veterinário. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821 é um gastrópode pulmonado terrestre considerado uma praga agrícola de plantações de hortaliças. Ambas as espécies são hospedeiras intermediárias de helmintos. Esses moluscos possuem uma gônada hermafrodita produtora de óvulos e espermatozóides de forma simultânea. Neste estudo foram avaliados aspectos histomorfológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de B. glabrata e B. similaris. A gônada de B. similaris encontra-se subdividida em lobos com glândulas em seu interior, o que não foi observado em B. glabrata. Além disso, em B. similaris as células germinativas estão acumuladas em determinados pontos e com a presença de um ovócito em cada folículo da gônada; não obstante, em B. glabrata as células germinativas encontraram-se justapostas e com mais de um ovócito em cada folículo.Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818 is a freshwater pulmonate gastropod that represents great medical importance. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821 is a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod and an important plague to the different plant cultures with economic interest. Both species are intermediate hosts of helminths. These molluscs have hermaphrodites gonads producing eggs and sperm. Here, we examined histoformological aspects of hermaphrodites gonads of both B. glabrata and B. similaris. The gonad of B. similaris is subdivided into lobes and presence of glands in its interior, which was not observed in B. glabrata. Moreover, in B. similaris the germ cells are accumulated in some areas, and has one oocyte in each follicle in the gonad; however, in B. glabrata the germ cells are juxtaposed and more than one oocyte in each follicle.

Rinaldo Florêncio da Silva

2009-01-01

306

Size-mass relationships of Melanoides tuberculatus (Thiaridae: Gastropoda in a eutrophic reservoir  

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Full Text Available This study evaluated the relationships of certain allometric measurements in Melanoides tuberculatus Muller, 1774, in order to develop a statistical model to estimate the biomass of this mollusc species. We measured the total length and aperture of 70 shells. These measurements were correlated with the biomass values to construct exponential and power-function models, and both models showed high coefficients of determination. The exponential model was the better biomass predictor, with a coefficient of determination over 93%. These proposed models may be an effective tool to determine the biomass of M. tuberculatus in eutrophic Brazilian reservoirs.

Eduardo Carvalho Silva

2010-10-01

307

Size-mass relationships of Melanoides tuberculatus (Thiaridae: Gastropoda) in a eutrophic reservoir  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This study evaluated the relationships of certain allometric measurements in Melanoides tuberculatus Muller, 1774, in order to develop a statistical model to estimate the biomass of this mollusc species. We measured the total length and aperture of 70 shells. These measurements were correlated with [...] the biomass values to construct exponential and power-function models, and both models showed high coefficients of determination. The exponential model was the better biomass predictor, with a coefficient of determination over 93%. These proposed models may be an effective tool to determine the biomass of M. tuberculatus in eutrophic Brazilian reservoirs.

Eduardo Carvalho, Silva; Joseline, Molozzi; Marcos, Callisto.

2010-10-01

308

Size-mass relationships of Melanoides tuberculatus (Thiaridae: Gastropoda) in a eutrophic reservoir  

OpenAIRE

This study evaluated the relationships of certain allometric measurements in Melanoides tuberculatus Muller, 1774, in order to develop a statistical model to estimate the biomass of this mollusc species. We measured the total length and aperture of 70 shells. These measurements were correlated with the biomass values to construct exponential and power-function models, and both models showed high coefficients of determination. The exponential model was the better biomass predictor, with a coef...

Eduardo Carvalho Silva; Joseline Molozzi; Marcos Callisto

2010-01-01

309

Comparative study between the effects of hyaluronic acid and acid galactan purified from eggs of the mollusk Pomacea sp in wound healing / Estudo comparativo entre os efeitos do ácido hialurônico e do galactano acídico purificado dos ovos do molusco Pomacea sp na cicatrização de feridas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar o efeito de ácido hialurônico (AH) e do GA na cicatrização de feridas intestinais. MÉTODOS: O extrato semipurificado dos ovos do molusco foi obtido por fracionamento com sulfato de amônio e purificação por cromatografia de troca-iônica. Os galactanos obtidos foram eluídos em água [...] (galactano neutro) e em 0.1 e 0.2M NaCl (galactanos acídicos). O estudo em vivo foi executado com 45 ratos Wistar, separados em três grupos (n=15). Soluções contendo AH 1%, GA 1% ou solução salina 0,9%, foram aplicadas topicamente nas suturas das feridas longitudinais localizadas no intestino delgado dos ratos. Depois de 05, 10 e 21 dias os animais foram sacrificados e biópsias dos tecidos cicatrizados foram realizadas. RESULTADOS: A graduação histológica foi mais significante para os grupos do AH e GA quando comparado ao grupo C. O GA estimulou o aparecimento de macrófagos, células gigantes e aumentou a concentração de colágeno na área da ferida quando comparado ao AH. CONCLUSÃO: O uso tópico de GA em feridas intestinais promoveu a antecipação de eventos que são importantes na cicatrização de feridas. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) and of AG on the healing of intestine wounds. METHODS: The semi-purified extract of the eggs of the mollusc was obtained by fractionation with ammonium sulfate and purification for ion-exchange chromatography. The obtained galactans were eluted [...] in water (neutral galactan) and in 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl (acidic galactans). The in vivo study was performed with 45 "Wistar" rats, separated in three groups (n=15). Solutions containing HA 1%, GA 1% or saline solution 0,9%, was placed topically on the sutures of wounds in the small intestine of the rats. After 05, 10 and 21 days the animals were sacrificed and biopsy of the healing tissue was done. RESULTS: The hystologic grading was more significant for HA and AG groups when compared to the group C. AG stimulated the appearance of macrophages, giant cells and increase in the concentration of collagen in the area of the wound when compared to HA. CONCLUSION: The topical use of GA in intestinal wounds promoted the anticipation of events that are important in the wound healing.

Ana Katarina Menezes da, Cruz; Wogelsanger Oliveira, Pereira; Elizeu Antunes dos, Santos; Maria Goretti Freire, Carvalho; Aldo da Cunha, Medeiros; Fernanda Wanderley de, Oliveira.

2004-01-01

310

Comparative study between the effects of hyaluronic acid and acid galactan purified from eggs of the mollusk Pomacea sp in wound healing Estudo comparativo entre os efeitos do ácido hialurônico e do galactano acídico purificado dos ovos do molusco Pomacea sp na cicatrização de feridas  

OpenAIRE

PURPOSE: To compare the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) and of AG on the healing of intestine wounds. METHODS: The semi-purified extract of the eggs of the mollusc was obtained by fractionation with ammonium sulfate and purification for ion-exchange chromatography. The obtained galactans were eluted in water (neutral galactan) and in 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl (acidic galactans). The in vivo study was performed with 45 "Wistar" rats, separated in three groups (n=15). Solutions containing HA 1%, GA 1% o...

Ana Katarina Menezes da Cruz; Wogelsanger Oliveira Pereira; Elizeu Antunes dos Santos; Maria Goretti Freire Carvalho; Aldo da Cunha Medeiros; Fernanda Wanderley de Oliveira

2004-01-01

311

Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Mn2+ in Freshwater Snail Shells:  

Science.gov (United States)

We have studied paramagnetic Mn2+ ions present in the shells of today's univalve freshwater snails, Sinotaia ingallsiana (FS), Pila ampullaceal (PA), Pomacea canaliculata lamarck (PCL) and the fossilized freshwater snail (FFS), Viviparus which are abundant in Thailand. The FS, PA and AG shells in our study were ground into fine powder. A set of seven samples was each then separately annealed for 2 hours in air atmosphere at 300°C, 400°C, 450°C, 500°C, 550°C, 600°C and 900°C, respectively, while the FFS powder was characterized as received. The FS, PA and PCL shells mainly consist of aragonite and a fraction of calcite. The heat treatments higher than 450°C of the FS, PA and PCL powder samples resulted in an irreversible phase transformation from aragonite to calcite. However, it is found that the FFS shell is mainly made of calcite, with a minor fraction of aragonite. The crystal structure of high temperature annealed FS, PA and PCL samples are quite similar to that of FFS, which indicates that the metamorphosis (aragonite ? calcite) in the FFS shell had occurred but not yet completed, although they remained under the pressure and temperature of the Earth's crust over millions of years. Our detailed ESR spectral analyses of FS, PA, PCL and FFS show that Mn2+ ions enter Ca2+ sites during a biomineralization process. Typical simulated ESR parameters of FS-500 of Mn2+ at a uniaxial site of calcite are gx=gy=2.078±0.001, gz=2.002±0.001, Ax=Ay=87.50±1.00 G, Az=89.00±1.00 G and D=115±1 G, respectively. It is surprising to find that the ratio of Mn2+ concentration present in FFS to those in FS, PA and PCL shells evaluated from ESR spectra is as much as 10:1. It is thus possible to gain some insight of manganese incorporation into the freshwater shells during the biomineralization process.

Meejoo, S.; Udomkan, N.; Winotai, P.; Chaimanee, Y.

312

Report on the ocurrence of Angiostrongylus costaricensis in southern Brazil, in a new intermediate host from the genus Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda) Registro de Angiostrongylus costaricensis no sul do Brasil, em novo hospedeiro intermediário do gênero Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda)  

OpenAIRE

Veronicellid slugs are the main intermediate hosts for Angiostrongylus costaricencis. In a rural locality in Nova Itaberaba (SC, southern Brazil) Sarasinula linguaeformis was identified as a crop pest. The parasitological examination revealed A. costaricencis infection in 43 out ot 50 slugs. The prevalence of 86% and the individual parasitic burdens are the highest sofar reported in Brazil and S. linguaeformis is the first species from the genus Sarasinula to be identified as intermediate hos...

Antonio Carlo Laitano; Júlia Pasquali Genro; Ricardo Fontoura; Susana Siqueira Lima Branco; Rafael Lucyk Maurer; Carlos Graeff-Teixeira; José Maria Milanez; Luís Antônio Chiaradia; José Willibaldo Thomé

2001-01-01

313

Aspectos ultraestruturais de hemócitos de Biomphalaria glabrata Say (1818) (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) analisados sob microscopia eletrônica de transmissão / Ultrastructural aspects of hemocytes from Biomphalaria glabrata Say (1818) (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) analysed with transmission eletronic microscopy  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os hemócitos do caramujo Biomphalaria glabrata, um importante transmissor do trematódeo Schistosoma mansoni no Brasil, foram coletados de especimens na região Bragantina, localizada a oeste do estado do Pará. Os hemócitos foram examinados por meio de microscopia eletrônica de transmissão. As células [...] foram fixadas pelo método de rotina com o uso do tampão PHEM (PIPES, HEPES, EGTA e Magnésio). Foram descritos os aspectos ultra-estruturais celulares como inclusões citoplasmáticas limitadas por membranas, mitocôndrias, retículos endoplasmáticos e outros. As observações mostram que esse tampão possui a propriedade de preservação do citoesqueleto celular, apresentando bons resultados na preservação das estruturas dos hemócitos e suas organelas. Abstract in english The blood cells of the pulmonate snail Biomphalaria glabrata from the region of Bragantina in the state of Pará, an important vector of the trematode Schistosoma mansoni in Brazil, were collected and fixed by routine method with PHEM buffer and examined with transmission electron microscopy. Ultrast [...] ructural cellular aspects like cytoplasmic inclusions, mitochondrion, vesicles and others organelles are described. The buffer used resulted in good preservations of the hemocytes and their organelles.

Marco Antonio Vasconcelos, Santos; José Antonio Picanço, Diniz.

2009-09-01

314

Estudo quantitativo de metais presentes na hemolinfa de Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, infectadas e não infectadas com Schistosoma mansoni Quantitative study of metal present in the hemolymph of Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, infected and uninfected with Schistosoma mansoni  

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Full Text Available Inicialmente, desenvolveu-se um estudo para quantificar e comparar as concentrações de alguns metais presentes em duas amostras de hemolinfa do caramujo Biomphalaria glabrata (infectados e não-infectados com Schistosoma mansoni. A espectrometria de emissão óptica com fonte de plasma induzido (ICP-OES, foi utilizada para analisar os metais nas duas amostras. Os metais estudados foram: alumínio, cálcio, cádmio, cobalto, cromo, cobre, ferro, potássio, magnésio, manganês, chumbo e zinco. Os resultados mostram que, a princípio, os metais não são fatores determinantes no processo de defesa desses organismos contra este parasita, quando presente nos seus tecidos.We conducted a preliminary study to quantify and compare two concentrations of the same metals present in the hemolymph of snail Biomphalaria glabrata. In this context, we used Induction Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy technique (ICP-OES, to analyze the metals in the two samples (snails infected and not infected with Schistosoma mansoni. The metals studied were: aluminum, calcium, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, iron, potassium, magnesium, manganese, lead and zinc. Preliminary results showed that such metals are not involved in the defense of these organisms against the parasite, when present in their tissues.

Marco Antonio Vasconcelos Santos

2005-04-01

315

Contribuição de Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae) na degradação da serapilheira do médio estuário do rio Pacoti, Ceará, Brasil Contribution of Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae) to leaf litter decomposition in the middle estuary of the Pacoti river, Ceará, Brazil  

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A degradação da serapilheira no médio estuário do rio Pacoti foi estudada na presença e na ausência do gastrópode Melampus coffeus (Linnaeus, 1758), visando verificar a possível contribuição desse invertebrado na ciclagem da matéria orgânica dos manguezais. A densidade populacional de M. coffeus e a distribuição das folhas, em termos de biomassa úmida, biomassa seca e abundância, presentes na serapilheira do local, foram estimadas a partir de uma amostragem. Um experimento em ...

Tavares, Diva S.; Maia, Rafaela C.; Rocha-barreira, Cristina A.

2011-01-01

316

Novo gastrópode fóssil da bacia de São José de Itaboraí, estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae) A new fossil gastropod from São José de Itaboraí basin, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae)  

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A new species of a very small land snail (Endodontidae) occurring in São José de Itaboraí limestone basin, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described in honour of zoologist Hugo de Souza Lopes. Austrodiscus Parodiz, 1957 is registered in the paleontological records, for the first time.

Cândido Simões Ferreira; Dos Santos Coelho, Arnaldo C.

1989-01-01

317

Novo gastrópode fóssil da bacia de São José de Itaboraí, estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae) / A new fossil gastropod from São José de Itaboraí basin, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english A new species of a very small land snail (Endodontidae) occurring in São José de Itaboraí limestone basin, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described in honour of zoologist Hugo de Souza Lopes. Austrodiscus Parodiz, 1957 is registered in the paleontological records, for the first time. [...

Cândido Simões, Ferreira; Arnaldo C. dos Santos, Coelho.

318

First record of the invasive snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae) in the Paranã River basin, GO, Brazil Primeiro registro do gastrópode africano invasor Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae) na Bacia do Rio Paranã, GO, Brasil  

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The Thiarid snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774), native to Asia and East Africa was recorded for the first time in the Paranã River basin, Goiás State. There is no evidence concerning introduction vectors but aquarium releases is the most probable vector. Specimens were collected at three different water bodies after twenty-seven rivers were investigated. The possible spread of this species to other habitats and potential effects on native thermal water communities are discussed.<...

Rocha-miranda, F.; Martins-silva, M. J.

2006-01-01

319

Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): first record of this introduced slug in Chile, with notes on its anatomy and natural history Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): primer registro de esta babosa introducida en Chile, con notas sobre su anatomía e historia natural  

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Results and conclusions are presented on morphological and field observations made on a collection of land slugs from the Arboretum and Botanical Garden administered by the Universidad Austral de Chile at Valdivia, as well as various records from other collection sites in southern Chile. Based on some anatomical features, the individuals studied were identified as Arion intermedius Normand, 1852, endemic to eastern Europe, and known from various locations around the world for its invasive cap...

Ca?diz, Francisco J.; Gallardo, Carlos S.

2007-01-01

320

Pteropoda (Gastropoda, Thecosomata e Gymnosomata) coligidos ao largo dos arquipélagos de São Pedro e São Paulo, costa nordeste, Brasil / Pteropoda (Gastropoda, Thecosomata and Gymnosomata) collected along the northeast coast of the archipelago of São Pedro and São Paulo, Brazil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Pteropoda studies were carried out offshore São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago (0º56'2"N e 29º20'6"W) to assess biodiversity and spatial distribution. A Bongo net (mesh size 300 micrometer) was hauled obliquely from a depth between 0 and 50 m and Oand 100 m by the REVIZEE-SCORE/NE I oceanographic e [...] xpedition on board of the Brazilian Navy Oceanographic Ship Antares. Samples were collected at 16 stations from September to October 1995. A total of 880 organisms distributed in 20 species, 14 genera and 9 families were identified. At the layer 0-50 m, Creseis virgula (Rang (828) was the most frequent species (71.43%), followed by Limacina inflata (Orbigny, (836) and Cavolinia inflexa (Lesueur, 18(3) (64.28%, each). ln terms of relative abundance outranked L. inflara (varying between 57.5 and 92.24%) and C. virgula (varying between 60.0 and 72.73%). At the layer 0-100 m, C. virgula was very frequent (80%), L. inflata (70%) and Cuvierina columnella (Rang (827) (40%) were frequent, other species had less than 30% of frequency. L. inflata varied from 37.5 to 100% and C. virgula from 42.42 to 100% of relative abundance. Species diversity varied from medium to low (

Valdeni Soares de, Oliveira; Maria Eduarda L., Larrazábal.

2002-07-01

321

Distribution of pteropods (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Thecosomata) in surface waters (0-100 m) of the Western Caribbean Sea (winter, 2007) / Distribución de pterópodos (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Thecosomata) en aguas superficiales (0-100 m) del Mar Caribe Occidental (invierno, 2007)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish El principal objetivo de este estudio fue conocer la distribución vertical y horizontal de los pterópodos tecosomados en la capa superior de los 100 m del Mar Caribe occidental. El zooplancton fue recolectado en 60 estaciones durante enero 2007 en intervalos de profundidad de 25 m desde la superfici [...] e a 100 m. La comunidad fue analizada en términos de diversidad, equidad, riqueza y similitud. Encontramos 36 taxa de los que 12 son nuevos registros para el Caribe occidental. Los taxa más abundantes fueron Limacina inflata, L. trochiformis, Creseis acicula f. clava, Cuvierina columnella atlantica y Hyalocylis striata. En general, mostraron un mismo patrón, sus mayores abundancias ocurrieron consistentemente en el estrato 0-25 m de día y noche; la abundancia decrece con la profundidad. Se encontraron diferencias significativas día/noche en composición y abundancia, no así entre estratos. El estrato de 0-25 m contiene los mayores valores de riqueza, diversidad y abundancia de pterópodos, lo que representa un hallazgo sin precedente respecto a estudios previos. La estructura de la comunidad local está determinada en gran medida por las migraciones verticales día/noche. Los pterópodos tendieron a ser más abundantes en los sectores norte y sur del área, pero su mayor diversidad y riqueza se registró en el sector central. La baja variabilidad de las condiciones hidrográficas y la mezcla horizontal de los grupos generados por el análisis de similitud sugieren que los patrones migratorios día/noche explican la variabilidad observada en la comunidad de pterópodos. Abstract in english The main goal of this survey was to study the vertical and horizontal distribution of the thecosome pteropods in the upper 100 m of the western Caribbean Sea. Zooplankton was collected at 60 stations in January 2007 at stratified depth intervals of 25 m from the surface to 100 m. The community was a [...] nalyzed for diversity, evenness, species richness, and similarity. We recorded 36 taxa 12 of which are new records for the western Caribbean. The most abundant taxa were Limacina inflata, L. trochiformis, Creseis acicula f. clava, Cuvierina columnella atlantica, and Hyalocylis striata. In general, these taxa showed a similar pattern, their highest abundances occurred consistently in 0-25 m layer in both night and day samples; abundance decreased with depth. Significant day/night differences were found in the composition and abundance of pteropods, differences among depth intervals were non-significant. Our results showed that the upper 25 m harbored the highest species richness, diversity, and vertical abundance of pteropods, thus providing unprecedented detail with respect to previous surveys. The local community structure of the pteropods is determined largely by vertical day/night migrations. Pteropods tended to be most abundant in the southern and northern sectors of the area, but highest diversity and species richness were recorded in the central sector. Overall, the low variability of the hydrographic conditions and the mixed horizontal distribution of the clusters from the similarity analysis suggest that day/night migratory patterns of the most abundant taxa are determinant of the observed variability of the pteropod community.

Ana, Parra-Flores; Rebeca, Gasca.

2009-12-01

322

Parámetros reproductivos y poblacionales de Thais chocolata (Duelos, 1832) (Gastropoda, Thaididae), en la reserva marina La Rinconada, Antofagasta, Chile / Reproductive and population parameters of Thais chocolata (Duclos, 1832) (Gastropoda, Thaididae) in La Rinconada marine reserve, Antofagasta, Chile  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Para obtener antecedentes reproductivos y poblacionales de Thais chocolata que contribuyan a validar su actual normativa pesquera, se realizó un estudio en el área protegida de la reserva marina La Rinconada, Antofagasta, Chile, entre diciembre 2008 y enero 2010. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron a [...] nivel reproductivo, que el desarrollo gonadal de la población es asincrónico, encontrándose ejemplares en diferentes etapas de maduración durante el año. Los individuos maduros se estratificaron entre 5 y 13 m de profundidad, y gran parte del año formaron agregaciones a 5 m de profundidad. Se determinaron períodos de mayor madurez en julio-agosto, y en noviembre-enero, manifestándose las agregaciones más importantes al final de ellos. Una relación se observó entre meses de mayor madurez y registro de agregaciones, con aquellos de mayor variación intradiaria de temperatura. A nivel poblacional los resultados permitieron estimar una población de 2,3*10(6) ejemplares, donde el 39% se encontró sobre la talla mínima legal (TML = 55 mm). Los parámetros de crecimiento mostraron crecimiento relativamente lento, que podría estar influenciado por la alta variabilidad que presenta la temperatura de fondo en este sector. Mientras que su talla crítica, y la talla de primera madurez sexual poblacional, resultaron ser mayores a la TML. Se determinó la necesidad de revisar la normativa pesquera actual de esta especie, y se demostró la efectividad de las reservas marinas propiciadas por el Estado en la conservación de los recursos marinos. Abstract in english Reproductive and population parameters of Thais chocolata that would contribute to the validation of the current extraction standards were obtained by performing a study in the protected area of La Rinconada Marine Reserve, Antofagasta, Chile, from December 2008 to January 2010. In terms of reproduc [...] tion, the results revealed asynchronic gonad development in the population, with specimens in different stages of maturity throughout the year. Mature individuals were distributed between 5 and 13 m depth, forming aggregations at 5 m depth during much of the year. Periods of greater maturity were observed from July to August and November to January, with the most important aggregations at the end of both periods. A relationship was observed between the months with the greatest maturity and aggregations and the months with the highest daily temperature fluctuations. At the population level, the results allowed us to estimate 2.3*10(6) individuals, with 39% of this population over the minimum legal size (55 mm). The relatively slow growth estimated for this population was probably influenced by the high variability of the bottom temperature in this area. The critical size and size at first maturity of the population were higher than the minimal legal size, making it is necessary to review the current fishing regulation for this species. The effectiveness of the State marine reserves in the conservation of this marine resource was demonstrated.

Marcela, Cantillánez; Miguel, Avendaño; Manuel, Rojo; Alberto, Olivares.

2011-11-01

323

Microanatomia e histologia do sistema digestivo de Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae: V. Glândula digestiva Microanatomy and histology of the digestive system of Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny, 1835 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae: V. Digestive gland  

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Full Text Available The digestive gland of Phyllocaulis soleiformis is a compound tubular gland. The secretory tubules are made up of two main cell types: the digestive cells and calcic cells. The digestive cells are the most numerous, usually columnar, and exhibit three different functional stages: absorptive, secretory and excretory. These cells contain two cytoplasmic granules types and, in the excretory stage, most of the cell is occupied by a large vacuole. The calcic cells occursingly or frequently in groups of two or three, are triangular shaped and have distinct apical granules, and yet calcic histochemical detected granules. In addition, there is a third cell type, without characteristic cytoplasmic granules and which correspond to the undifferentiated cells. The excretory duets system are represented by anterior and posterior vestibules, which branche to form the duets, that communicate with the secretory tubules. These excretory duets are lined with a simple epithelium of ciliated columnar cells, followed by a layer of connective tissue with circular and longitudinal muscular fibers. Subepithelial mucous cells are present only in the vestibules.

Ana Maria Leal-Zanchet

1993-01-01

324

Os gêneros Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799 e Leucozonia Gray, 1847 no nordeste brasileiro (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae The genera Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799 and Leucozonia Gray, 1847 in the northeastern Brazil (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae  

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Full Text Available The genera Fasciolaria Lamarck, 1799 and Leucozonia Gray, 1847 are represented in Northeastern Brazil by three species. Fasciolaria aurantiaca Lamarck, 1816; Leucozonia ocellata (Gmelin, 1791 and Leucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791. The three species are described and illustrated. An identification key for all the above mentioned taxa is included, together with some ecological data. The anatomy and radula of Fasciolaria aurantiaca and Leucozonia nassa are described and illustrated. Polimorfism in Fasciolaria aurantiaca and Leucozonia nassa is discussed.

Helena Matthews-Cascon

1989-01-01

325

The effects of temperature and oxygen availability on intracapsular development of Acanthina monodon (Gastropoda: Muricidae) / El efecto de la temperatura y la disponibilidad de oxígeno sobre el desarrollo intracapsular de Acanthina monodon (Gastropoda: Muricidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Los organismos marinos y dulceacuícolas muestran modelos similares de cuidado parental y están confrontados con similares restricciones para incubar, lo que sugiere que existen límites ambientales comparables guiando la evolución del cuidado parental en sistemas acuáticos. El bajo coeficiente de dif [...] usión y la baja solubilidad del oxígeno en ambientes acuáticos afecta la adquisición de oxígeno y por lo tanto la capacidad para agregar los embriones. El efecto de otras variables ambientales críticas, como la temperatura, es menos claro. Se evaluaron los efectos de la temperatura y la disponibilidad de oxígeno sobre (1) el número de embriones desarrollados y sin desarrollar, (2) la proporción de embriones que alcanza estados avanzados de desarrollo (contabilizando no solo embriones desarrollados y sin desarrollar sino también anormales), (3) la asincronía en el desarrollo (estimada solo cuando ocurrió desarrollo embrionario), y (4) el tamaño final, con el objetivo final de identificar las limitaciones que estos factores imponen sobre el cuidado parental en el mar. La especie modelo fue el gastrópodo Acanthina monodon. Cápsulas recientemente depositadas fueron colectadas e incubadas bajo diferentes condiciones experimentales de temperatura (7, 11, 15 y 19 °C) y oxígeno (hipoxia: 50-60 % saturación de aire; normoxia; e hiperoxia: 150-160 %). Más embriones permanecieron en fases tempranas del desarrollo al final del experimento en hipoxia y a 19 °C. El número promedio de embriones desarrollados fue significativamente más bajo en hipoxia que bajo normoxia e hiperoxia, pero no fue influenciado por la temperatura. Sin embargo, la temperatura de incubación afectó otras variables de respuesta. Menores tamaños de los embriones y mayores niveles de asincronía al final del desarrollo fueron observados en las más altas temperaturas experimentales, lo que podría tener consecuencias negativas sobre la sobrevivencia posasentamiento. Las altas temperaturas también afectan el comportamiento y los costos asociados a la provisión de oxígeno a los embriones en braquiuros. Estas evidencias sugieren que agregar embriones en el océano, aun en condiciones óptimas de oxígeno, podría ser desfavorable a altas temperaturas. Los patrones espaciales de distribución de especies incubadoras tienden a apoyar esta predicción. Nuestro análisis también cobra relevancia en el escenario actual de aumento de la temperatura media de los océanos y de la proporción de zonas anóxicas Abstract in english Freshwater and marine organisms show similar models of parental care and are faced with similar constraints to brood, which suggest that comparable environmental limits drive the evolution of parental care in aquatic systems. In fact, the low diffusion coefficient and solubility of oxygen in aquatic [...] environments affect oxygen acquisition and therefore the capacity to aggregate embryos. The effect of other critical environmental variables, such as temperature, is less clear. We assessed the effects of temperature and oxygen availability on (1) the number of developed and undeveloped encapsulated embryos, (2) the proportion of embryos reaching advanced stages during intracapsular development (counting not only developed and undeveloped embryos but also abnormal embryos), (3) asynchrony in development (estimated only in capsules in which development occurred), and (4) final embryo size, as the first step toward identifying the main factors constraining parental care in the ocean. We used the gastropod Acanthina monodon as a model because it has an extended latitudinal range of distribution and exhibits feeding larvae during intracapsular development. The latter factor is relevant because previous studies have suggested that sibling cannibalism could be triggered by intracapsular competition for oxygen. Freshly laid egg capsules were collected and incubated until embryos hatched under different experimental temperatures (7, 11, 15 and 19 °C

MIRIAM, FERNÁNDEZ; PAULA, PAPPALARDO; KATHERINE, JENO.

2006-06-01

326

Ciclo biológico de Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae) em São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Biological cycle of Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae) in São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

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The population growth of Simpulopsis ovata (Sowerby, 1822) from the Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza - Pró-Mata, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, was studied along eleven months of 1996. Two discontinuous age classes were identified. The first one, with a monthly growth rate of 1.55 mm, was reproductively mature during April and May. The second one appeared after the previous group and had a monthly growth rate of 0.44 mm. The fact t...

Gomes, Suzete R.; Da Silva, Rosane S.; Gil, Guacira M.; Thome?, Jose? W.

2004-01-01

327

Microanatomia e histologia do sistema digestivo de Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae): V. Glândula digestiva / Microanatomy and histology of the digestive system of Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny, 1835) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae): V. Digestive gland  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english The digestive gland of Phyllocaulis soleiformis is a compound tubular gland. The secretory tubules are made up of two main cell types: the digestive cells and calcic cells. The digestive cells are the most numerous, usually columnar, and exhibit three different functional stages: absorptive, secreto [...] ry and excretory. These cells contain two cytoplasmic granules types and, in the excretory stage, most of the cell is occupied by a large vacuole. The calcic cells occursingly or frequently in groups of two or three, are triangular shaped and have distinct apical granules, and yet calcic histochemical detected granules. In addition, there is a third cell type, without characteristic cytoplasmic granules and which correspond to the undifferentiated cells. The excretory duets system are represented by anterior and posterior vestibules, which branche to form the duets, that communicate with the secretory tubules. These excretory duets are lined with a simple epithelium of ciliated columnar cells, followed by a layer of connective tissue with circular and longitudinal muscular fibers. Subepithelial mucous cells are present only in the vestibules.

Ana Maria, Leal-Zanchet; José Willibaldo, Thomé; Josef, Hauser.

328

Anatomía del sistema reproductor femenino y masculino de Sinum cymba (Menke, 1828) (Gastropoda: Naticidae) / Anatomy of the female and male reproductive system of Sinum cymba (Menke, 1828) (Gastropoda: Naticidae)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realiza una descripción mediante microscopía óptica y electrónica del sistema reproductor de Sinum cymba, gasterópodo Naticidae. La anatomía del sistema reproductor de hembras y machos coincide con el patrón descrito en la literatura para otros miembros de esta familia. El sistema reproductor fem [...] enino está formado por un gonoporo, oviducto, bursa copulatrix, receptáculo seminal, glándula de la cápsula, glándula de la albúmina y ovario. Las hembras poseen la capacidad de almacenar espermatozoides en el receptáculo seminal. Se determinó dimorfismo sexual del pie. Contrario a lo esperado, no se registró imposex. El sistema reproductor masculino está formado por el pene que contiene el vaso deferente y una región glandular, la vesícula seminal y el testículo. La organización de las células germinales en los machos de S. cymba difiere del patrón descrito para la mayoría de las especies de gasterópodos marinos y se caracteriza por la ocurrencia de grupos de células estrechamente adheridos a las paredes de los túbulos seminíferos en alguna de las etapas de la espermatogénesis. Esta organización es homogénea en todos los túbulos de la gónada y constante a través del año. Esta distribución intratubular sería un indicador de ciclos gametogénicos de tipo continuo para este grupo de gasterópodos. Abstract in english A description of the reproductive system of Sinum cymba, gastropod Naticidae is revealed by optical and electronic microscopy. The anatomy of the females and males reproductive system agrees with descriptions for other members of this family. The female reproductive system is formed by a gonopore, t [...] he oviduct, a bursa copulatrix, a seminal receptacle, the capsule gland, the albumen gland and the ovary. The female can store sperm in the seminal receptacle. Sexual dimorphism the foot was determined. In opposition of what was expected, no signals of imposex were observed. The male reproductive system is formed by the penis which contains the vas deferens and a gland, the seminal vesicle and the testicle. The organization of germinal cells in males of S. cymba differs from the pattern described for most of the marine gastropod species and it is characterized by the occurrence of cells closely adhered to the walls of the seminiferous tubules in some of the stages of the spermatogenesis. This intratubular distribution is homogenous in all tubules of the gonad and constant through the year. This pattern of intratubular distribution would be an indicator of a continuous gametogenic cycle type for this group of gastropod.

Alejandra A, Covarrubias; María Soledad, Romero.

2009-12-01

329

Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): first record of this introduced slug in Chile, with notes on its anatomy and natural history / Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): primer registro de esta babosa introducida en Chile, con notas sobre su anatomía e historia natural  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish Se entregan los resultados y conclusiones de las observaciones anatómicas y de campo realizadas sobre un grupo de babosas terrestres capturadas principalmente en el parque Arboretum y Jardín Botánico de la Universidad Austral de Chile, en la ciudad de Valdivia, además de sus hallazgos puntuales en o [...] tros puntos del sur de Chile. Los ejemplares analizados corresponden a Arion intermedius Normand, 1852, especie endémica del este de Europa conocida en diversos lugares del mundo por su alta capacidad de colonización e invasión, ello aparentemente facilitado por su hábito de alimentación y particularmente su inusual estrategia reproductiva dentro de los pulmonados (autofecundación estricta). De esta manera, registramos una nueva especie introducida antrópicamente en Chile, sumándose de esta forma la familia Arionidae a las ya conocidas Limacidae, Agriolimacidae y Helicidae como una potencial amenaza a la agricultura y a la flora y fauna nativas chilenas Abstract in english Results and conclusions are presented on morphological and field observations made on a collection of land slugs from the Arboretum and Botanical Garden administered by the Universidad Austral de Chile at Valdivia, as well as various records from other collection sites in southern Chile. Based on so [...] me anatomical features, the individuals studied were identified as Arion intermedius Normand, 1852, endemic to eastern Europe, and known from various locations around the world for its invasive capacity, apparently facilitated by its feeding habits and particularly by its reproductive strategy of strict self fertilization which is unusual in pulmonates. This is the first report of this species, introduced to Chile by human activities, added to previous literature citing the presence of Limacidae, Agriolimacidae, and Helicidae. This slug is a potential threat to agriculture and to native flora and fauna of Chile

FRANCISCO J, CÁDIZ; CARLOS S, GALLARDO.

2007-03-01

330

First record of the invasive snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae) in the Paranã River basin, GO, Brazil / Primeiro registro do gastrópode africano invasor Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae) na Bacia do Rio Paranã, GO, Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O gastrópode Thiaridae Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774), nativo da Ásia e do Leste Africano, é registrado pela primeira vez na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Paranã (Estado de Goiás). Não se conhecem os vetores de introdução da espécie, mas o setor de aquariofilia foi apontado por alguns moradores [...] locais como a mais provável causa. Os espécimes foram coletados em três corpos d´água depois de serem investigados vinte e sete rios e lagoas. A possibilidade de dispersão dessa espécie para outros habitats e os efeitos potenciais dessa introdução sobre a comunidade nativa são discutidos no artigo. Abstract in english The Thiarid snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774), native to Asia and East Africa was recorded for the first time in the Paranã River basin, Goiás State. There is no evidence concerning introduction vectors but aquarium releases is the most probable vector. Specimens were collected at three d [...] ifferent water bodies after twenty-seven rivers were investigated. The possible spread of this species to other habitats and potential effects on native thermal water communities are discussed.

F., Rocha-Miranda; M. J., Martins-Silva.

1109-11-01

331

Ciclo biológico de Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae em São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Biological cycle of Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae in São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

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Full Text Available The population growth of Simpulopsis ovata (Sowerby, 1822 from the Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza - Pró-Mata, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, was studied along eleven months of 1996. Two discontinuous age classes were identified. The first one, with a monthly growth rate of 1.55 mm, was reproductively mature during April and May. The second one appeared after the previous group and had a monthly growth rate of 0.44 mm. The fact that no adults from the two age classes were found together is a characteristic of a semelparous species. New insights about its shell, pallial cavity and reproductive system are given. This is the first record of S. ovata for the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

Suzete R. Gomes

2004-09-01

332

Ciclo biológico de Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae) em São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil / Biological cycle of Simpulopsis ovata (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae) in São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english The population growth of Simpulopsis ovata (Sowerby, 1822) from the Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza - Pró-Mata, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, was studied along eleven months of 1996. Two discontinuous age classes were identified. The first one, with a monthly growt [...] h rate of 1.55 mm, was reproductively mature during April and May. The second one appeared after the previous group and had a monthly growth rate of 0.44 mm. The fact that no adults from the two age classes were found together is a characteristic of a semelparous species. New insights about its shell, pallial cavity and reproductive system are given. This is the first record of S. ovata for the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

Suzete R., Gomes; Rosane S. da, Silva; Guacira M., Gil; José W., Thomé.

2004-09-01

333

Parámetros reproductivos y poblacionales de Thais chocolata (Duelos, 1832 (Gastropoda, Thaididae, en la reserva marina La Rinconada, Antofagasta, Chile Reproductive and population parameters of Thais chocolata (Duclos, 1832 (Gastropoda, Thaididae in La Rinconada marine reserve, Antofagasta, Chile  

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Full Text Available Para obtener antecedentes reproductivos y poblacionales de Thais chocolata que contribuyan a validar su actual normativa pesquera, se realizó un estudio en el área protegida de la reserva marina La Rinconada, Antofagasta, Chile, entre diciembre 2008 y enero 2010. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron a nivel reproductivo, que el desarrollo gonadal de la población es asincrónico, encontrándose ejemplares en diferentes etapas de maduración durante el año. Los individuos maduros se estratificaron entre 5 y 13 m de profundidad, y gran parte del año formaron agregaciones a 5 m de profundidad. Se determinaron períodos de mayor madurez en julio-agosto, y en noviembre-enero, manifestándose las agregaciones más importantes al final de ellos. Una relación se observó entre meses de mayor madurez y registro de agregaciones, con aquellos de mayor variación intradiaria de temperatura. A nivel poblacional los resultados permitieron estimar una población de 2,3*10(6 ejemplares, donde el 39% se encontró sobre la talla mínima legal (TML = 55 mm. Los parámetros de crecimiento mostraron crecimiento relativamente lento, que podría estar influenciado por la alta variabilidad que presenta la temperatura de fondo en este sector. Mientras que su talla crítica, y la talla de primera madurez sexual poblacional, resultaron ser mayores a la TML. Se determinó la necesidad de revisar la normativa pesquera actual de esta especie, y se demostró la efectividad de las reservas marinas propiciadas por el Estado en la conservación de los recursos marinos.Reproductive and population parameters of Thais chocolata that would contribute to the validation of the current extraction standards were obtained by performing a study in the protected area of La Rinconada Marine Reserve, Antofagasta, Chile, from December 2008 to January 2010. In terms of reproduction, the results revealed asynchronic gonad development in the population, with specimens in different stages of maturity throughout the year. Mature individuals were distributed between 5 and 13 m depth, forming aggregations at 5 m depth during much of the year. Periods of greater maturity were observed from July to August and November to January, with the most important aggregations at the end of both periods. A relationship was observed between the months with the greatest maturity and aggregations and the months with the highest daily temperature fluctuations. At the population level, the results allowed us to estimate 2.3*10(6 individuals, with 39% of this population over the minimum legal size (55 mm. The relatively slow growth estimated for this population was probably influenced by the high variability of the bottom temperature in this area. The critical size and size at first maturity of the population were higher than the minimal legal size, making it is necessary to review the current fishing regulation for this species. The effectiveness of the State marine reserves in the conservation of this marine resource was demonstrated.

Marcela Cantillánez

2011-11-01

334

Verspreiding van Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912 en Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903 (Gastropoda: Ancylidae in Suid-Afrika Distribution of Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912 and Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903 (Gastropoda: Ancylidae in South Africa  

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Full Text Available Die voorkoms van verteenwoordigers van die Ancylidae in Suid-Afrika is reeds in 1848 gerapporteer. Die eerste omvattende studie van hierdie familie in Suid-Afrika is egter eers in 1923 gepubliseer. Alhoewel verskeie bydraes sedertdien gepubliseer is, is verskeie outeurs van mening dat bestaande kennis oor die Ancylidae steeds gebrekkig is en dat hersiening nie net op spesievlak nie maar ook op genus-vlak nodig is. Tans is daar 14 Burnupia spesies op rekord in die databasis van die Nasionale Varswaterslakversameling (NVWSV. Hierdie bydrae handel oor die geogra? ese verspreiding en habitats van B. capensis en B. stenochorias die twee Ancylidae spesies waarvan die meeste versamelpunte in die databasis van die NVWSV op rekord is en wat ook die mees wydverspreide geogra? ese verspreiding van hierdie familie vertoon. Alhoewel beide spesies in die meerderheid van die verskeidenheid van waterliggame wat in die databasis vermeld word, aangetref is, is die grootste getal monsters van albei in standhoudende riviere en spruite en op ’n klipperige substraat versamel. Albei spesies is nie gerapporteer uit die droër streke van Suid-Afrika nie waarskynlik as gevolg van ’n beperkte vermoë om desikkasie te kan oorleef in gebiede waar standhoudende habitats ’n uitsondering is. Resultate dui daarop dat hoogte bo seevlak en aard van die substraat ’n belangrike rol gespeel het in die daarstelling van hul gedokumenteerde geogra? ese verspreiding soos weerspieël deur die rekords in die NVWSV. Min is oor die bewaringstatus van die Ancylidae van Suid-Afrika bekend, maar die karige inligting wat wel tot ons beskikking is, dui op rede tot kommer. Om sinvolle uitsprake oor die bewaringstatus en spesiediversiteit van die Mollusca van Suid-Afrika te kan maak, word aanbeveel dat van die versamelpunte op rekord weer besoek behoort te word waarna die resultate met die bestaande rekords in die databasis van die NVWSV vergelyk kan word.The presence of Ancylidae in South Africa was established as early as 1848 but the ?rst comprehensive study on this family was reported in 1923. This author came to the conclusion that extensive work still had to be done before it could be declared that knowledge pertaining to the South African representatives of this family could be considered as satisfactory. Another important contribution on South African Ancylidae was published in 1939. After a detailed morphological and histological study on Burnupia mooiensis three decades later the authors stated that the axonomy of the Ancylidae still remained unsatisfactory, a view that was supported by authors as recently as 2002. The National Freshwater Snail Collection (NFSC was established in 1956 but he oldest sample of Ancylidae on record dates back to 1954 and at present 14 species of Burnupia are represented in the database of the NFSC. This contribution deals with the geographical distribution and speci?c characteristics of the habitats of B. capensis and B. stenochorias the two most widespread species of this genus in South Africa. Very little is known of the conservation status of the Ancylidae of this country but some results pertaining to this subject are brie?y discussed. Burnupia species are relatively inconspicuous organisms that are usually attached to solid objects on the substratum or aquatic vegetation and need to be speci? cally looked for during surveys. Personnel of government authorities and municipalities who made substantial contributions to the number of samples in the NFSC therefore received special training in sampling echniques during workshops. Identi?cation of the specimens was largely based on shell and radula characteristics and on he location of the site of collection. Only samples of which the sampling sites could be located on the 1:250 000 topo cadastral map series of South Africa were considered for further analysis. Respectively 702 and 435 samples of B. capensis and B. stenochorias met this requirement. The loci (1/16 th square degrees in which the collection sites of these species were located,

Kenné de Kock

2009-09-01

335

Microanatomia e histologia do sistema digestivo de Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae): V. Glândula digestiva Microanatomy and histology of the digestive system of Phyllocaulis soleiformis (Orbigny, 1835) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Veronicellidae): V. Digestive gland  

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The digestive gland of Phyllocaulis soleiformis is a compound tubular gland. The secretory tubules are made up of two main cell types: the digestive cells and calcic cells. The digestive cells are the most numerous, usually columnar, and exhibit three different functional stages: absorptive, secretory and excretory. These cells contain two cytoplasmic granules types and, in the excretory stage, most of the cell is occupied by a large vacuole. The calcic cells occursin...

Ana Maria Leal-Zanchet; José Willibaldo Thomé; Josef Hauser

1993-01-01

336

Do climate variables and human density affect Achatina fulica (Bowditch) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) shell length, total weight and condition factor? Variáveis ambientais e humanas afetam o comprimento da concha, peso total e fator de condição de Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata)?  

OpenAIRE

The length-weight relationship and condition factor have been broadly investigated in snails to obtain the index of physical condition of populations and evaluate habitat quality. Herein, our goal was to describe the best predictors that explain Achatina fulica biometrical parameters and well being in a recently introduced population. From November 2001 to November 2002, monthly snail samples were collected in Lauro de Freitas City, Bahia, Brazil. Shell length and total weight were measured i...

Fs, Albuquerque; Mc, Peso-aguiar; Mjt, Assunc?a?o-albuquerque; Ga?lvez, L.

2009-01-01

337

Avaliação dos problemas enfrentados no manejo do caramujo gigante africano Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) no Brasil Evaluation of the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in Brazil  

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The giant African snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 was introduced into Paraná, Brazil, in the 1980s. Since then, it has spread across the country, despite its known invasive status on a global scale. The main objective of this study was to assess the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail. To accomplish that, we gathered and analyzed information available on the internet, scientific databases, field studies, as well as interviews and consultat...

Eduardo Colley; Marta Luciane Fischer

2009-01-01

338

Distribution, feeding behavior and control strategies of the exotic land snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata in the northeast of Brazil Ecologia do caracol exótico Achatina fulica (Gastropoda:Pulmonata no nordeste do Brasil  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study was to document the distribution and establishment A. fulica such as their feeding preference and behavior in situ. The study was carried out at the city of Lauro de Freitas, Bahia state, Brazil, between November 2001 and November 2002. We used catch per unit effort methods to determine abundance, distribution, habitat choice and food preferences. The abundance and distribution of A. fulica was most representative in urban area, mainly near to the coastline. Lots and house gardens were the most preferred sites during active hours. The results indicated that A. fulica started their activity at the end of the evening and stopped in mid-morning. Their preferred food were vascular plants such as Hibiscus syriacus, Ricinus communis, Carica papaya, Galinsonga coccinea, Lippia alba, Ixora coccinea, Musa parasidisiaca, Mentha spicata and Cymbopogon citrates. Our results indicate that A. fulica are well adapted and established in this city and modified environments facilitate their establishment and dispersion. However, human perturbation, such as clearance of lots could be limiting for the persistence of A. fulica populations.O objetivo deste estudo foi documentar a distribuição e o estabelecimento de Achatina fulica, assim como sua preferência alimentar e aspectos comportamentais in situ. Esta pesquisa foi desenvolvida na cidade de Lauro de Freitas, Estado da Bahia, Brasil, durante os meses de novembro de 2001 a novembro de 2002. Usamos o método de esforço de captura determinado por homem/hora para calcular a abundância e distribuição, habitats preferidos, além de preferência alimentar. Vimos que a abundância e distribuição de A. fulica foram mais representativas em áreas urbanas, sobretudo cerca da linha de costa. Os terrenos e jardins de casas foram os locais preferidos pelos caracóis quando estavam em atividade. Os resultados indicaram que os caracóis A. fulica iniciam sua atividade no final da tarde e hibernam no meio da manhã. A comida preferida destes caracóis foram plantas vasculares como Hibiscus syriacus, Ricinus Communis, Carica papaya, Galinsonga coccinea, Lippia alba, Ixora coccinea, Musa parasidisiaca, Mentha spicata and Cymbopogon citrates. Nossos dados sugerem que o A. fulica está plenamente adaptado e estabelecido nesta cidade e, também, que ambientes modificados facilitam seu estabelecimento e dispersão. Entretanto, a perturbação humana, como a limpeza de terrenos pode ser um fator limitante para a persistência da população de A. fulica.

FS. Albuquerque

2008-11-01

339

Do climate variables and human density affect Achatina fulica (Bowditch) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) shell length, total weight and condition factor? / Variáveis ambientais e humanas afetam o comprimento da concha, peso total e fator de condição de Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata)?  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A relação peso comprimento e o fator de condição têm sido bastante explorados em pesquisas envolvendo caracóis para obter o índice de condição física em populações e avaliar a condição do habitat. Neste trabalho, nosso objetivo foi descrever que variáveis influenciam os parâmteros biométricos e o be [...] m estar de Achatina fulica em uma recente introdução. De novembro de 2001 a novembro de 2002, amostras mensais desses caracóis foram coletadas na cidade de Lauro de Freitas (Bahia), Brasil. Em seguida, os caracóis foram acondicionados em laboratório e foram obtidos o tamanho da concha e o seu peso. A partir desses dados a curva potencial e o fator de condição foram calculados. Cinco variáveis ambientais foram consideradas: amplitude de temperatura, temperatura média, humidade, precipitação e densidade humana. Regressões múltiplas foram usadas para gerar modelos preditivos através do critério de seleção e logo foram ordenados utilizando o critério de Akaíke. Regressões parciais foram usadas para obter os coeficientes de determinação do clima e fatores humanos. Um total de 1460 indivíduos foram coletados, apresentando uma amplitude de crescimento de concha entre 4,9 a 102,5 mm (média 42,18 mm). A relação entre o crescimento total e o peso revelou que A. fulica apresentou um crescimento alométrico negativo. Regressões simples indicaram que a umidade teve uma influencia significativa sobre o tamanho total e o peso. A amplitude de temperatura foi a variável que mais influenciou o fator de condição. Os modelos de regressão múltipla indicaram que os fatores climáticos e humanos explicaram uma pequena porção da variança, no entanto explicou 55,8% da variância do fator de condição. Consequentemente, acreditamos que o bem estar e os parâmetros biométricos de A. Fulica podem ser influenciados por fatores climáticos e humanos. Abstract in english The length-weight relationship and condition factor have been broadly investigated in snails to obtain the index of physical condition of populations and evaluate habitat quality. Herein, our goal was to describe the best predictors that explain Achatina fulica biometrical parameters and well being [...] in a recently introduced population. From November 2001 to November 2002, monthly snail samples were collected in Lauro de Freitas City, Bahia, Brazil. Shell length and total weight were measured in the laboratory and the potential curve and condition factor were calculated. Five environmental variables were considered: temperature range, mean temperature, humidity, precipitation and human density. Multiple regressions were used to generate models including multiple predictors, via model selection approach, and then ranked with AIC criteria. Partial regressions were used to obtain the separated coefficients of determination of climate and human density models. A total of 1.460 individuals were collected, presenting a shell length range between 4.8 to 102.5 mm (mean: 42.18 mm). The relationship between total length and total weight revealed that Achatina fulica presented a negative allometric growth. Simple regression indicated that humidity has a significant influence on A. fulica total length and weight. Temperature range was the main variable that influenced the condition factor. Multiple regressions showed that climatic and human variables explain a small proportion of the variance in shell length and total weight, but may explain up to 55.7% of the condition factor variance. Consequently, we believe that the well being and biometric parameters of A. fulica can be influenced by climatic and human density factors.

FS., Albuquerque; MC., Peso-Aguiar; MJT., Assunção-Albuquerque; L., Gálvez.

2009-08-01

340

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase Occurrence of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda in Brazil: intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis  

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Full Text Available A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.Achatina fulica, the intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis and also an agricultural pest, is being bred in Brazil for human consumption as "escargot". The snail has escaped from its artificial breeding sites and its dispersal in Itariri county, State of S. Paulo, is reported here for the first time. A. fulica is a transmitter of the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematode which causes meningoencephalic angiostrongyliasis; the risks of human contamination are commented on.

Horácio Manuel Santana Teles

1997-06-01

341

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971 Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda como hospedeiro intermediário potencial do Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

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Full Text Available Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.Exemplares de Achatina fulica foram experimentalmente infectados com larvas de Angiostrongylus costaricensis, agente etiológico da angiostrongiliase abdominal, mostrando-se susceptíveis ao parasita. Achatina fulica pode representar um risco para a urbanização da angiostrongilíase abdominal devido a sua alta prolificidade contínua dispersão e notável adaptação a ambientes urbanos.

Omar dos Santos Carvalho

2003-12-01

342

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase Occurrence of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Brazil: intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis  

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A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.Achatina fulica, the int...

Horácio Manuel Santana Teles; Jorge Faria Vaz; Luiz Roberto Fontes; Maria de Fátima Domingos

1997-01-01

343

Distribution, feeding behavior and control strategies of the exotic land snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in the northeast of Brazil / Ecologia do caracol exótico Achatina fulica (Gastropoda:Pulmonata) no nordeste do Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi documentar a distribuição e o estabelecimento de Achatina fulica, assim como sua preferência alimentar e aspectos comportamentais in situ. Esta pesquisa foi desenvolvida na cidade de Lauro de Freitas, Estado da Bahia, Brasil, durante os meses de novembro de 2001 a novembr [...] o de 2002. Usamos o método de esforço de captura determinado por homem/hora para calcular a abundância e distribuição, habitats preferidos, além de preferência alimentar. Vimos que a abundância e distribuição de A. fulica foram mais representativas em áreas urbanas, sobretudo cerca da linha de costa. Os terrenos e jardins de casas foram os locais preferidos pelos caracóis quando estavam em atividade. Os resultados indicaram que os caracóis A. fulica iniciam sua atividade no final da tarde e hibernam no meio da manhã. A comida preferida destes caracóis foram plantas vasculares como Hibiscus syriacus, Ricinus Communis, Carica papaya, Galinsonga coccinea, Lippia alba, Ixora coccinea, Musa parasidisiaca, Mentha spicata and Cymbopogon citrates. Nossos dados sugerem que o A. fulica está plenamente adaptado e estabelecido nesta cidade e, também, que ambientes modificados facilitam seu estabelecimento e dispersão. Entretanto, a perturbação humana, como a limpeza de terrenos pode ser um fator limitante para a persistência da população de A. fulica. Abstract in english The goal of this study was to document the distribution and establishment A. fulica such as their feeding preference and behavior in situ. The study was carried out at the city of Lauro de Freitas, Bahia state, Brazil, between November 2001 and November 2002. We used catch per unit effort methods to [...] determine abundance, distribution, habitat choice and food preferences. The abundance and distribution of A. fulica was most representative in urban area, mainly near to the coastline. Lots and house gardens were the most preferred sites during active hours. The results indicated that A. fulica started their activity at the end of the evening and stopped in mid-morning. Their preferred food were vascular plants such as Hibiscus syriacus, Ricinus communis, Carica papaya, Galinsonga coccinea, Lippia alba, Ixora coccinea, Musa parasidisiaca, Mentha spicata and Cymbopogon citrates. Our results indicate that A. fulica are well adapted and established in this city and modified environments facilitate their establishment and dispersion. However, human perturbation, such as clearance of lots could be limiting for the persistence of A. fulica populations.

FS., Albuquerque; MC., Peso-Aguiar; MJT., Assunção-Albuquerque.

2008-11-01

344

Do climate variables and human density affect Achatina fulica (Bowditch (Gastropoda: Pulmonata shell length, total weight and condition factor? Variáveis ambientais e humanas afetam o comprimento da concha, peso total e fator de condição de Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata?  

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Full Text Available The length-weight relationship and condition factor have been broadly investigated in snails to obtain the index of physical condition of populations and evaluate habitat quality. Herein, our goal was to describe the best predictors that explain Achatina fulica biometrical parameters and well being in a recently introduced population. From November 2001 to November 2002, monthly snail samples were collected in Lauro de Freitas City, Bahia, Brazil. Shell length and total weight were measured in the laboratory and the potential curve and condition factor were calculated. Five environmental variables were considered: temperature range, mean temperature, humidity, precipitation and human density. Multiple regressions were used to generate models including multiple predictors, via model selection approach, and then ranked with AIC criteria. Partial regressions were used to obtain the separated coefficients of determination of climate and human density models. A total of 1.460 individuals were collected, presenting a shell length range between 4.8 to 102.5 mm (mean: 42.18 mm. The relationship between total length and total weight revealed that Achatina fulica presented a negative allometric growth. Simple regression indicated that humidity has a significant influence on A. fulica total length and weight. Temperature range was the main variable that influenced the condition factor. Multiple regressions showed that climatic and human variables explain a small proportion of the variance in shell length and total weight, but may explain up to 55.7% of the condition factor variance. Consequently, we believe that the well being and biometric parameters of A. fulica can be influenced by climatic and human density factors.A relação peso comprimento e o fator de condição têm sido bastante explorados em pesquisas envolvendo caracóis para obter o índice de condição física em populações e avaliar a condição do habitat. Neste trabalho, nosso objetivo foi descrever que variáveis influenciam os parâmteros biométricos e o bem estar de Achatina fulica em uma recente introdução. De novembro de 2001 a novembro de 2002, amostras mensais desses caracóis foram coletadas na cidade de Lauro de Freitas (Bahia, Brasil. Em seguida, os caracóis foram acondicionados em laboratório e foram obtidos o tamanho da concha e o seu peso. A partir desses dados a curva potencial e o fator de condição foram calculados. Cinco variáveis ambientais foram consideradas: amplitude de temperatura, temperatura média, humidade, precipitação e densidade humana. Regressões múltiplas foram usadas para gerar modelos preditivos através do critério de seleção e logo foram ordenados utilizando o critério de Akaíke. Regressões parciais foram usadas para obter os coeficientes de determinação do clima e fatores humanos. Um total de 1460 indivíduos foram coletados, apresentando uma amplitude de crescimento de concha entre 4,9 a 102,5 mm (média 42,18 mm. A relação entre o crescimento total e o peso revelou que A. fulica apresentou um crescimento alométrico negativo. Regressões simples indicaram que a umidade teve uma influencia significativa sobre o tamanho total e o peso. A amplitude de temperatura foi a variável que mais influenciou o fator de condição. Os modelos de regressão múltipla indicaram que os fatores climáticos e humanos explicaram uma pequena porção da variança, no entanto explicou 55,8% da variância do fator de condição. Consequentemente, acreditamos que o bem estar e os parâmetros biométricos de A. Fulica podem ser influenciados por fatores climáticos e humanos.

FS. Albuquerque

2009-08-01

345

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971 / Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) como hospedeiro intermediário potencial do Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Exemplares de Achatina fulica foram experimentalmente infectados com larvas de Angiostrongylus costaricensis, agente etiológico da angiostrongiliase abdominal, mostrando-se susceptíveis ao parasita. Achatina fulica pode representar um risco para a urbanização da angiostrongilíase abdominal devido a [...] sua alta prolificidade contínua dispersão e notável adaptação a ambientes urbanos. Abstract in english Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to [...] its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.

Omar dos Santos, Carvalho; Horácio MS, Teles; Ester Maria, Mota; Cristiane Lafetá Gomes Furtado de, Mendonça; Henrique Leonel, Lenzi.

2003-12-01

346

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971 Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) como hospedeiro intermediário potencial do Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

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Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.Exemplares de Achatina fulica foram experimentalmente infectados com larvas de Angiostrongylu...

Omar dos Santos Carvalho; Ms, Hora?cio Teles; Ester Maria Mota; Cristiane Lafetá Gomes Furtado de Mendonça; Henrique Leonel Lenzi

2003-01-01

347

Distribution, feeding behavior and control strategies of the exotic land snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in the northeast of Brazil Ecologia do caracol exótico Achatina fulica (Gastropoda:Pulmonata) no nordeste do Brasil  

OpenAIRE

The goal of this study was to document the distribution and establishment A. fulica such as their feeding preference and behavior in situ. The study was carried out at the city of Lauro de Freitas, Bahia state, Brazil, between November 2001 and November 2002. We used catch per unit effort methods to determine abundance, distribution, habitat choice and food preferences. The abundance and distribution of A. fulica was most representative in urban area, mainly near to the coastline. Lots and ho...

Fs, Albuquerque; Mc, Peso-aguiar; Mjt, Assunc?a?o-albuquerque

2008-01-01

348

Avaliação dos problemas enfrentados no manejo do caramujo gigante africano Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) no Brasil / Evaluation of the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in Brazil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english The giant African snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 was introduced into Paraná, Brazil, in the 1980s. Since then, it has spread across the country, despite its known invasive status on a global scale. The main objective of this study was to assess the problems faced in the management of the giant [...] African snail. To accomplish that, we gathered and analyzed information available on the internet, scientific databases, field studies, as well as interviews and consultations with official agencies, NGOs, museums, the scientific community and people that coexist with the species. Despite the fact that extensive information has been generated regarding A. fulica (1,340 articles, 65 summaries in national annals, 40,700 pages on the internet), essential to promote control measures to hinder the propagation of this species, the majority of the available information remains inaccessible to the world at large. Moreover, the environmental, economic and health impacts of this species remain unclear, which may contribute to discouraging the initiation of management actions. Finally, control measures are still inefficient due to the generalist profile of this species and the lack of knowledge concerning its biology and ecology. Thus, in conclusion, even though A. fulica has been an invasive species for over a century in many other countries, it is difficult to find evidence supporting the need to subsidize its management. This may be an indication that many other, poorly known exotic species will have time and the proper conditions to become established and cause problems before they come to be recognized as invasive.

Eduardo, Colley; Marta Luciane, Fischer.

2009-12-01

349

Avaliação dos problemas enfrentados no manejo do caramujo gigante africano Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata no Brasil Evaluation of the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail Achatina fulica (Gastropoda: Pulmonata in Brazil  

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Full Text Available The giant African snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 was introduced into Paraná, Brazil, in the 1980s. Since then, it has spread across the country, despite its known invasive status on a global scale. The main objective of this study was to assess the problems faced in the management of the giant African snail. To accomplish that, we gathered and analyzed information available on the internet, scientific databases, field studies, as well as interviews and consultations with official agencies, NGOs, museums, the scientific community and people that coexist with the species. Despite the fact that extensive information has been generated regarding A. fulica (1,340 articles, 65 summaries in national annals, 40,700 pages on the internet, essential to promote control measures to hinder the propagation of this species, the majority of the available information remains inaccessible to the world at large. Moreover, the environmental, economic and health impacts of this species remain unclear, which may contribute to discouraging the initiation of management actions. Finally, control measures are still inefficient due to the generalist profile of this species and the lack of knowledge concerning its biology and ecology. Thus, in conclusion, even though A. fulica has been an invasive species for over a century in many other countries, it is difficult to find evidence supporting the need to subsidize its management. This may be an indication that many other, poorly known exotic species will have time and the proper conditions to become established and cause problems before they come to be recognized as invasive.

Eduardo Colley

2009-12-01

350

Contribuição de Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae) na degradação da serapilheira do médio estuário do rio Pacoti, Ceará, Brasil / Contribution of Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae) to leaf litter decomposition in the middle estuary of the Pacoti river, Ceará, Brazil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A degradação da serapilheira no médio estuário do rio Pacoti foi estudada na presença e na ausência do gastrópode Melampus coffeus (Linnaeus, 1758), visando verificar a possível contribuição desse invertebrado na ciclagem da matéria orgânica dos manguezais. A densidade populacional de M. coffeus e a [...] distribuição das folhas, em termos de biomassa úmida, biomassa seca e abundância, presentes na serapilheira do local, foram estimadas a partir de uma amostragem. Um experimento em campo foi realizado com amostras de coloração e biomassas similares de folhas de Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae) sem sinais de herbivoria, distribuídas igualmente entre 64 gaiolas. Em 32 destas foram colocados também exemplares de M. coffeus. Essas gaiolas foram distribuídas entre quatro pontos, sendo oito pares de gaiolas (controle e experimento) por ponto. Durante oito semanas, quatro pares de gaiolas foram coletados semanalmente. Após coletadas, os sinais de pastagem nas folhas causados por M. coffeus foram contados e as biomassas úmida e seca das amostras foram determinadas. Comparando controle e experimento, verificou-se que M. coffeus é capaz de contribuir na degradação da serapilheira na área estudada, porém, não foi verificada uma participação significativa desse gastrópode na degradação das folhas quando comparados experimento e controle ao longo do experimento. Abstract in english The leaf litter decomposition in the middle estuary of the Pacoti river was studied in the presence and absence of the gastropod Melampus coffeus (Linnaeus, 1758), aiming at examining the contribution of this invertebrate to the organic matter cycling in mangroves ecosystems. The local population de [...] nsity of M. coffeus and leaf distribution based on wet biomass, dry biomass, and abundance, were estimated. A field experiment was conducted using samples of Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae) leaves (with similar color, and wet and dry biomass) equally distributed in 64 leaf litter cages. Groups of 14 individuals of M. coffeus were placed in 32 of these cages. The experimental cages were equally distributed with their respective control cages (leaves only) in the field among four points, totaling 64 cages. During eight weeks four pairs of cages (experimental and control) were collected weekly. Once collected, the leaves showing signs of grazing by M. coffeus were counted. The wet and dry biomasses of samples were also determined. Although M. coffeus can contribute to leaf litter degradation, in this study, its effect on leaf degradation was not significant when comparing experiment and control groups during the experimental time in the studied area.

Diva S, Tavares; Rafaela C, Maia; Cristina A, Rocha-Barreira.

2011-06-01

351

Contribuição de Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae na degradação da serapilheira do médio estuário do rio Pacoti, Ceará, Brasil Contribution of Melampus coffeus (Gastropoda, Ellobiidae to leaf litter decomposition in the middle estuary of the Pacoti river, Ceará, Brazil  

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Full Text Available A degradação da serapilheira no médio estuário do rio Pacoti foi estudada na presença e na ausência do gastrópode Melampus coffeus (Linnaeus, 1758, visando verificar a possível contribuição desse invertebrado na ciclagem da matéria orgânica dos manguezais. A densidade populacional de M. coffeus e a distribuição das folhas, em termos de biomassa úmida, biomassa seca e abundância, presentes na serapilheira do local, foram estimadas a partir de uma amostragem. Um experimento em campo foi realizado com amostras de coloração e biomassas similares de folhas de Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae sem sinais de herbivoria, distribuídas igualmente entre 64 gaiolas. Em 32 destas foram colocados também exemplares de M. coffeus. Essas gaiolas foram distribuídas entre quatro pontos, sendo oito pares de gaiolas (controle e experimento por ponto. Durante oito semanas, quatro pares de gaiolas foram coletados semanalmente. Após coletadas, os sinais de pastagem nas folhas causados por M. coffeus foram contados e as biomassas úmida e seca das amostras foram determinadas. Comparando controle e experimento, verificou-se que M. coffeus é capaz de contribuir na degradação da serapilheira na área estudada, porém, não foi verificada uma participação significativa desse gastrópode na degradação das folhas quando comparados experimento e controle ao longo do experimento.The leaf litter decomposition in the middle estuary of the Pacoti river was studied in the presence and absence of the gastropod Melampus coffeus (Linnaeus, 1758, aiming at examining the contribution of this invertebrate to the organic matter cycling in mangroves ecosystems. The local population density of M. coffeus and leaf distribution based on wet biomass, dry biomass, and abundance, were estimated. A field experiment was conducted using samples of Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae leaves (with similar color, and wet and dry biomass equally distributed in 64 leaf litter cages. Groups of 14 individuals of M. coffeus were placed in 32 of these cages. The experimental cages were equally distributed with their respective control cages (leaves only in the field among four points, totaling 64 cages. During eight weeks four pairs of cages (experimental and control were collected weekly. Once collected, the leaves showing signs of grazing by M. coffeus were counted. The wet and dry biomasses of samples were also determined. Although M. coffeus can contribute to leaf litter degradation, in this study, its effect on leaf degradation was not significant when comparing experiment and control groups during the experimental time in the studied area.

Diva S Tavares

2011-06-01

352

Atividade moluscicida de princípios ativos de folhas de Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanales, Solanaceae em Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, Planorbidae Moluscicide activity of active principles in the leaves of Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanales, Solanaceae on Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, Planorbidae  

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Full Text Available Foram obtidos extratos aquosos e alcoólicos a partir de pó de folhas secas de tomateiro (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill. c.v. Cereja. Por extração metanólica e precipitação alcalina, foi obtido um produto que denominamos "glicoalcalóide esteroidal bruto" (GEb, no qual foi caracterizada a presença de tomatina. Em ensaios laboratoriais, os extratos aquosos, alcoólicos e o GEb apresentaram atividade moluscicida em Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818. O "glicoalcalóide esteroidal bruto" apresentou alta atividade moluscicida (CL50 = 8,01 ppm e CL90 = 13,17 ppm, comparável à atividade da tomatina. Desovas de B. glabrata mostraram-se resistentes aos extratos testados. Os níveis de atividade moluscicida apresentados pelos diversos extratos e o GEb, apontam apenas o GEb como candidato para a continuação dos estudos visando a sua possível utilização em campo.Aqueous and alcoholic extracts were obtained from crushed dried leaves of tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill. c.v. Cherry. By the use of a methanolic extraction and alkaline precipitation, a product named crude steroidal glycoalkaloid (GEb, was obtained. The presence of tomatidine was characterized in this product. In laboratory, the aqueous and alcoholic extracts and GEb have shown molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818. The crude steroidal glycoalkaloid presented a high molluscicidal activity (LC50 = 8.01 ppm and LC90 = 13.17 ppm, similar to that of tomatine. None of the compounds tested affected B. glabrata egg masses. The level of activity showed by the different extracts and by the GEb, pointed out the GEb as the only candidate able to be considered for further tests toward field trials as molluscicidal agent.

Vilma Leyton

353

Atividade moluscicida de princípios ativos de folhas de Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanales, Solanaceae) em Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, Planorbidae) / Moluscicide activity of active principles in the leaves of Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanales, Solanaceae) on Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda, Planorbidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram obtidos extratos aquosos e alcoólicos a partir de pó de folhas secas de tomateiro (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.) c.v. Cereja. Por extração metanólica e precipitação alcalina, foi obtido um produto que denominamos "glicoalcalóide esteroidal bruto" (GEb), no qual foi caracterizada a presença d [...] e tomatina. Em ensaios laboratoriais, os extratos aquosos, alcoólicos e o GEb apresentaram atividade moluscicida em Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818). O "glicoalcalóide esteroidal bruto" apresentou alta atividade moluscicida (CL50 = 8,01 ppm e CL90 = 13,17 ppm), comparável à atividade da tomatina. Desovas de B. glabrata mostraram-se resistentes aos extratos testados. Os níveis de atividade moluscicida apresentados pelos diversos extratos e o GEb, apontam apenas o GEb como candidato para a continuação dos estudos visando a sua possível utilização em campo. Abstract in english Aqueous and alcoholic extracts were obtained from crushed dried leaves of tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.) c.v. Cherry. By the use of a methanolic extraction and alkaline precipitation, a product named crude steroidal glycoalkaloid (GEb), was obtained. The presence of tomatidine was cha [...] racterized in this product. In laboratory, the aqueous and alcoholic extracts and GEb have shown molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818). The crude steroidal glycoalkaloid presented a high molluscicidal activity (LC50 = 8.01 ppm and LC90 = 13.17 ppm), similar to that of tomatine. None of the compounds tested affected B. glabrata egg masses. The level of activity showed by the different extracts and by the GEb, pointed out the GEb as the only candidate able to be considered for further tests toward field trials as molluscicidal agent.

Vilma, Leyton; Thomas O., Henderson; Douglas, Mascara; Toshie, Kawano.

2005-06-30

354

Composición, abundancia y distribución de Pteropoda (Mollusca: Gastropoda) en la zona nerítica, del sur del Golfo de México (Agosto, 1995) / Composition, abundance and distribution of Pteropoda (Mollusca: Gastropoda) on the neritic zone, at the southern Gulf of Mexico (August, 1995)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analizó la composición distribución y abundancia de los pterópodos en relación a las condiciones hidrográficas de la columna de agua (0 a 105 m) en el Golfo de México. Durante agosto de 1995, se recolectaron 95 muestras de zooplancton en 28 estaciones sobre la plataforma continental, distribuidas [...] en cinco transectos frente a los principales sistemas lagunares del sur del Golfo de México, desde la desembocadura del rio Coatzacoalcos, hasta Boca de Paso Real de la Laguna de Términos. Las muestras se recolectaron en cinco niveles de profundidad. De los taxa identificados, tres de ellos constituyeron el 90% de la abundancia total de pterópodos: Creseis acicula f. acicula (72.7%), C. acicula f. clava (8.2%) y Limacina trochiformis (9.3%). La mayor densidad del grupo ocurrió en los primeros 18 m, sin embargo, 19 de los 39 grupos registrados, no ocurrieron en la capa más superficial (0 a 6 m) y otros lo hicieron con bajas densidades. Los resultados de Análisis Canónico de Correspondencia (ACC) permiten considerar que ningún parámetro por si solo determina la distribución de estos organismos en la columna de agua, pero en cambio sí el hábitat. Las especies de afinidad tropical/subtropical y hábitat nerítico fueron las más abundantes y ocurrieron principalmente en la capa superficial, en tanto que las formas oceánicas fueron las de menor abundancia y ocurrieron principalmente en las capas profundas, probablemente como resultado de la entrada de agua oceánica a la plataforma en su parte más profunda. Abstract in english The composition, distribution, and abundance of pteropods were analyzed in relation to hydrographic conditions of the water column (0 to 105 m) in the Gulf of Mexico. Up to 95 samples of zooplankton were collected during August 1995 at 28 stations arranged in five transects on the continental shelf [...] off the main lagoonal systems in the southern Gulf of Mexico, from the Coatzacoalcos River inlet to Paso Real inlet of Términos lagoon . Samples were collected at five depth ranges. Three of the identified taxa constituted 90% of the total pteropod abundance: Creseis aciculaf. acicula (72.7%), C. acicula f clava (8.2%), and Limacina trochiformis (9.3%). The highest density of the group occurred within the first 18 m, but 19 of the 39 groups registered were absent from the surface layer (0-6 m), and others had low densities. The results of a CCA suggest that not one parameter by itself determines the distribution of these organisms in the water column, but the habitat of the species does. Species with tropical/subtropical and coastal affinities were the most abundant and occurred mainly in the surface layer, while the oceanic forms were less abundant and occurred mainly in the deep layers probably resulting from the inflow of oceanic water toward the shelf at its deepest layers.

César, Flores-Coto; Hisol L., Arellanes; Jesús, Sánchez Robles; Antonio, López Serrano.

2013-12-01

355

Characterization of the geographical distribution pattern of the family Limacinidae Gray, 1840 (Mollusca - Gastropoda) in the waters of Northeastern of Brazil / Caracterização do padrão de distribuição geográfica da família Limacinidae Gray, 1840 (Mollusca - Gastropoda) nas águas do Nordeste brasileiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A distribuição geográfica da família Limacinidae na costa do Nordeste brasileiro, foi analisada levando em consideração os aspectos ecológicos mais relevantes, objetivando a ampliação do conhecimento sobre a família. O material foi coletado durante a IV Expedição Oceanográfica do Programa REVIZEE (A [...] valiação do Potencial Sustentável de Recursos Vivos da Zona Econômica Exclusiva), nos meses de setembro a dezembro de 2000. A área estudada está localizada entre 00°46’45”N a 13°53’45”S - 29°15’40”W a 39°49’42”W, onde foram realizados seis cruzeiros, totalizando 123 estações. As amostras foram coletadas em rede tipo bongo (malhas coletoras de 300 e 500 µm, com aros de 60 cm de diâmetro) acopladas com fluxômetro digital, em arrastos oblíquos na profundidade de 0 a 200 m. Foram considerados os organismos retidos na malha de 300 µm. A bordo, as amostras foram acondicionadas em recipientes plásticos, etiquetadas e fixadas em formaldeído a 4%, tamponado com tetraborato de sódio. Em laboratório, as amostras foram analisadas em placa do tipo “Bogorov”, sob estereomicroscópio binocular. Foram examinados 5655 indivíduos da família Limacinidae, assim distribuídos: 03 gêneros e 05 espécies. Os representantes da família Limacinidae ocorreram em altas temperaturas e salinidades, caracterizando-se, assim, como tropicais e euhalinos. Heliconoides inflatus sobressaiu em abundância e frequência. Limacina lesueurii mostrou-se uma espécie rara e pouco frequente. Limacina trochiformis e L. bulimoides foram pouco abundantes e pouco frequentes. Limacina lesueurii e L. bulimoides foram registradas como primeira ocorrência em águas neríticas, sendo este o primeiro registro de L. lesueurii para as águas do Nordeste brasileiro. Limacina trochiformis e L. bulimoides tiveram ampla distribuição, apesar de pouco frequentes e pouco abundantes. A distribuição de Thielea helicoides restringiu-se às águas oceânicas. Foi observada uma correlação entre Limacina bulimoides, Heliconoides inflatus, Thielea helicoides e L. lesueurii por coexistirem no mesmo nicho. Abstract in english The geographical distribution of the family Limacinidae in the Northeastern coast of Brazil was analyzed by taking into account the most relevant ecological aspects, aiming to increase the knowledge about the Family. The material was collected during the 4th Oceanographic Expedition of the REVIZEE p [...] rogram (Assessment of the Sustainable Potential of Living Resources in the Exclusive Economic Zone - Avaliação do Potencial Sustentável de Recursos Vivos da Zona Econômica Exclusiva), in the months from September to December 2000. The studied area is located between 00°46’45”N and 13°53’45”S and between 29°15’40”W and 39°49’42”W, where six trips were performed, totaling 123 stations. The samples were collected using a bongo net (300- and 500-µm mesh size and net mouths of 60 cm in diameter) coupled with a digital flowmeter in oblique hauls from a depth of 0 to 200 m. For this study, the organisms retained in the 300-µm mesh were considered. On board the ship, the samples were placed in plastic containers, labeled, and fixed in 4% formaldehyde buffered with sodium tetraborate. In the laboratory, the samples were analyzed on a “Bogorov” tray under a binocular stereomicroscope. A total of 5655 individuals of the family Limacinidae were examined and were distributed as follows: 3 genera and 5 species. Representatives of the family Limacinidae were observed at high temperatures and salinities and were thus characterized as tropical and euhaline. Heliconoides inflatus was the species with the greatest abundance and frequency. Limacina lesueurii proved to be a rare, infrequently observed species. Limacina trochiformis and L. bulimoides were not abundant or frequent. Limacina lesueurii and L. bulimoides were recorded in neritic waters for the first time; this was also the first record of L. lesueurii in th

Valdeni Soares de Oliveira, Koblitz; Maria Eduarda de L., Larrazábal.

2014-04-23

356

Report on the ocurrence of Angiostrongylus costaricensis in southern Brazil, in a new intermediate host from the genus Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda) / Registro de Angiostrongylus costaricensis no sul do Brasil, em novo hospedeiro intermediário do gênero Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Lesmas veronicelídeas são os principais hospedeiros intermediários de Angiostrongylus costaricencis. Em uma localidade rural de Nova Itaberaba (SC, no sul do Brasil) Sarasinula linguaeformis apresenta-se como peste agrícola. O exame parasitológico das lesmas demonstrou infecção pelo A. costaricencis [...] em 43 de 50 animais. A prevalência de 86% e as cargas parasitárias são as mais altas registradas até o momento no Brasil e S. linguaeformis é a primeira espécie do gênero Sarasinula a ser identificado como hospedeiro intermediário do A. costaricencis no sul do país. Abstract in english Veronicellid slugs are the main intermediate hosts for Angiostrongylus costaricencis. In a rural locality in Nova Itaberaba (SC, southern Brazil) Sarasinula linguaeformis was identified as a crop pest. The parasitological examination revealed A. costaricencis infection in 43 out ot 50 slugs. The pre [...] valence of 86% and the individual parasitic burdens are the highest sofar reported in Brazil and S. linguaeformis is the first species from the genus Sarasinula to be identified as intermediate host for A. costaricencis in southern Brazil.

Antonio Carlo, Laitano; Júlia Pasquali, Genro; Ricardo, Fontoura; Susana Siqueira Lima, Branco; Rafael Lucyk, Maurer; Carlos, Graeff-Teixeira; José Maria, Milanez; Luís Antônio, Chiaradia; José Willibaldo, Thomé.

2001-02-01

357

Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: first record of this introduced slug in Chile, with notes on its anatomy and natural history Arion intermedius (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: primer registro de esta babosa introducida en Chile, con notas sobre su anatomía e historia natural  

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Full Text Available Results and conclusions are presented on morphological and field observations made on a collection of land slugs from the Arboretum and Botanical Garden administered by the Universidad Austral de Chile at Valdivia, as well as various records from other collection sites in southern Chile. Based on some anatomical features, the individuals studied were identified as Arion intermedius Normand, 1852, endemic to eastern Europe, and known from various locations around the world for its invasive capacity, apparently facilitated by its feeding habits and particularly by its reproductive strategy of strict self fertilization which is unusual in pulmonates. This is the first report of this species, introduced to Chile by human activities, added to previous literature citing the presence of Limacidae, Agriolimacidae, and Helicidae. This slug is a potential threat to agriculture and to native flora and fauna of ChileSe entregan los resultados y conclusiones de las observaciones anatómicas y de campo realizadas sobre un grupo de babosas terrestres capturadas principalmente en el parque Arboretum y Jardín Botánico de la Universidad Austral de Chile, en la ciudad de Valdivia, además de sus hallazgos puntuales en otros puntos del sur de Chile. Los ejemplares analizados corresponden a Arion intermedius Normand, 1852, especie endémica del este de Europa conocida en diversos lugares del mundo por su alta capacidad de colonización e invasión, ello aparentemente facilitado por su hábito de alimentación y particularmente su inusual estrategia reproductiva dentro de los pulmonados (autofecundación estricta. De esta manera, registramos una nueva especie introducida antrópicamente en Chile, sumándose de esta forma la familia Arionidae a las ya conocidas Limacidae, Agriolimacidae y Helicidae como una potencial amenaza a la agricultura y a la flora y fauna nativas chilenas

FRANCISCO J CÁDIZ

2007-03-01

358

Report on the ocurrence of Angiostrongylus costaricensis in southern Brazil, in a new intermediate host from the genus Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda Registro de Angiostrongylus costaricensis no sul do Brasil, em novo hospedeiro intermediário do gênero Sarasinula (Veronicellidae, Gastropoda  

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Full Text Available Veronicellid slugs are the main intermediate hosts for Angiostrongylus costaricencis. In a rural locality in Nova Itaberaba (SC, southern Brazil Sarasinula linguaeformis was identified as a crop pest. The parasitological examination revealed A. costaricencis infection in 43 out ot 50 slugs. The prevalence of 86% and the individual parasitic burdens are the highest sofar reported in Brazil and S. linguaeformis is the first species from the genus Sarasinula to be identified as intermediate host for A. costaricencis in southern Brazil.Lesmas veronicelídeas são os principais hospedeiros intermediários de Angiostrongylus costaricencis. Em uma localidade rural de Nova Itaberaba (SC, no sul do Brasil Sarasinula linguaeformis apresenta-se como peste agrícola. O exame parasitológico das lesmas demonstrou infecção pelo A. costaricencis em 43 de 50 animais. A prevalência de 86% e as cargas parasitárias são as mais altas registradas até o momento no Brasil e S. linguaeformis é a primeira espécie do gênero Sarasinula a ser identificado como hospedeiro intermediário do A. costaricencis no sul do país.

Antonio Carlo Laitano

2001-02-01

359

Primer reporte de infección natural de Galba cubensis (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) con larvas de Paramphistomidae (Trematoda: Digenea) en Cuba / First report on Galba cubensis (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) naturally infected with larvae of Paramphistomidae (Trematoda: Digenea) in Cuba  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: los estudios acerca de las especies de trematodos digeneos que existen en Cuba son escasos y vinculados fundamentalmente a aquellas especies que provocan enfermedades parasitarias importantes en el humano. A esto se añade el hecho de que el hospedero intermediario es desconocido para m [...] uchos de los trematodos existentes. En particular, 8 especies de Paramphistomatidae se han reportado en Cuba; aunque no se conocen, hasta el momento, las especies de moluscos involucradas en la transmisión de esta familia de parásitos. Objetivo: reportar la infección natural en el molusco Galba cubensis con larvas de trematodos. Métodos: se colectaron moluscos fluviales de forma manual en condiciones naturales en la localidad La Coca. Los individuos se colocaron en los laboratorios de malacología hasta la emisión de cercarias. La identificación de las formas larvarias se realizó por medio de claves morfológicas para trematodos. Resultados: en este reporte se informa, por primera vez en Cuba, al caracol Galba cubensis infectado de forma natural con paramfistómidos. Conclusiones: las características ecológicas de Galba cubensis, así como su preferencia de hábitat, en Cuba podrían contribuir a la transmisión de paramfistómidos. Abstract in english Introduction: studies on digenean trematode species living in Cuba are scarce and mainly focused on species causing major parasitic diseases in humans. Moreover, the intermediary host for many of the trematodes has not been found. Eight species of Paramphistomatidae have been reported in Cuba, but t [...] he mollusk species involved in transmission of this parasite family are still unknown. Objective: report natural infection of the mollusk Galba cubensis with trematode larvae. Methods: fluvial mollusks were collected manually under natural conditions in the area of La Coca. Individuals were kept in malacology laboratories until cercariae were issued. Identification of larval forms was based on morphological keys for trematodes. Results: in this report the snail Galba cubensis is reported for the first time in Cuba as naturally infected with paramphistomids. Conclusions: the ecological characteristics of Galba cubensis, as well as its habitat preferences in Cuba could contribute to the transmission of paramphistomids on the island.

Antonio A, Vázquez Perera; Jorge, Sánchez Noda; Annia, Alba Menéndez; Eolian, Rodríguez Vara; Adonis, Pino Santos.

2013-09-01

360

The effects of temperature and oxygen availability on intracapsular development of Acanthina monodon (Gastropoda: Muricidae El efecto de la temperatura y la disponibilidad de oxígeno sobre el desarrollo intracapsular de Acanthina monodon (Gastropoda: Muricidae  

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Full Text Available Freshwater and marine organisms show similar models of parental care and are faced with similar constraints to brood, which suggest that comparable environmental limits drive the evolution of parental care in aquatic systems. In fact, the low diffusion coefficient and solubility of oxygen in aquatic environments affect oxygen acquisition and therefore the capacity to aggregate embryos. The effect of other critical environmental variables, such as temperature, is less clear. We assessed the effects of temperature and oxygen availability on (1 the number of developed and undeveloped encapsulated embryos, (2 the proportion of embryos reaching advanced stages during intracapsular development (counting not only developed and undeveloped embryos but also abnormal embryos, (3 asynchrony in development (estimated only in capsules in which development occurred, and (4 final embryo size, as the first step toward identifying the main factors constraining parental care in the ocean. We used the gastropod Acanthina monodon as a model because it has an extended latitudinal range of distribution and exhibits feeding larvae during intracapsular development. The latter factor is relevant because previous studies have suggested that sibling cannibalism could be triggered by intracapsular competition for oxygen. Freshly laid egg capsules were collected and incubated until embryos hatched under different experimental temperatures (7, 11, 15 and 19 °C and oxygen conditions (hypoxia: 50-60 % air saturation; normoxia; and hyperoxia: 150-160 %. More embryos remained in early stages at the end of the experimental period under hypoxia and at the highest experimental temperature. The mean number of developed embryos was significantly lower under hypoxia conditions than under normoxia and hyperoxia, but was not influenced by temperature. However, temperature negatively affected embryo size of developed embryos and the level of asynchrony (number of different developmental stages per capsule. This suggests that even when a comparable number of embryos develops at high temperature, subsequent survival may be affected, since developed embryos attained smaller sizes. The negative effect of high temperature on embryo aggregation has also been reported for Brachyuran crabs, affecting female patterns of oxygen provision and brooding costs. This evidence suggests that aggregating embryos in the ocean, even under optimum oxygen conditions, may be negatively affected at high temperatures. Spatial patterns of distribution of brooding species in the ocean tend to agree with this prediction. Our analysis is particularly relevant given the current increase in temperature and the proportion of anoxic areas in the world's oceansLos organismos marinos y dulceacuícolas muestran modelos similares de cuidado parental y están confrontados con similares restricciones para incubar, lo que sugiere que existen límites ambientales comparables guiando la evolución del cuidado parental en sistemas acuáticos. El bajo coeficiente de difusión y la baja solubilidad del oxígeno en ambientes acuáticos afecta la adquisición de oxígeno y por lo tanto la capacidad para agregar los embriones. El efecto de otras variables ambientales críticas, como la temperatura, es menos claro. Se evaluaron los efectos de la temperatura y la disponibilidad de oxígeno sobre (1 el número de embriones desarrollados y sin desarrollar, (2 la proporción de embriones que alcanza estados avanzados de desarrollo (contabilizando no solo embriones desarrollados y sin desarrollar sino también anormales, (3 la asincronía en el desarrollo (estimada solo cuando ocurrió desarrollo embrionario, y (4 el tamaño final, con el objetivo final de identificar las limitaciones que estos factores imponen sobre el cuidado parental en el mar. La especie modelo fue el gastrópodo Acanthina monodon. Cápsulas recientemente depositadas fueron colectadas e incubadas bajo diferentes condiciones experimentales de temperatura (7, 11, 15 y 19 °C y oxígeno (hipoxia: 50-60 % saturación de aire; no

MIRIAM FERNÁNDEZ

2006-06-01

361

EL GÉNERO ECHINOLITTORINA HABE, 1956 (GASTROPODA: LITTORINIDAE) DE LOS ECOSISTEMAS ROCOSOS DE LA COSTA PACÍFICA COLOMBIANA / The genus Echinolittorina Habe, 1956 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) from rocky shores of Colombian Pacific Coast  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analizaron taxonómicamente por medio de caracteres de la concha 233 especímenes del género Echinolittorina (familia Littorinidae) recolectados en ecosistemas rocosos del Pacífico colombiano. Los especímenes revisados se encuentran depositados en la Colección de Referencia de Biología Marina de la [...] Universidad del Valle (CRBMUV) y provienen de localidades en los departamentos de Valle del Cauca (Bahía Málaga, Bahía de Buenaventura), Cauca (Isla Gorgona, Guapi) y Nariño (Mulatos, Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga). Hasta este trabajo, se pensaba que esta familia estaba representada solamente por tres especies en el Pacifico colombiano y en este estudio se registran seis especies: Echinolittorina apicina, E. atrata, E. conspersa, E. dubiosa, E. paytensis, y E. tenuistriata. Se incluye una descripción morfológica de cada una de ellas para facilitar su identificación. Abstract in english Shell characters were used to carry out a taxonomic analysis of 233 specimens of the family Littorinidae collected at rocky shores on the Colombian Pacific coast. The specimens were deposited in the Marine Biology Reference Collection-Universidad del Valle. The lots included in the study were from V [...] alle del Cauca ( Malaga and Buenaventura bays), Cauca ( Gorgona Island) and Nariño ( Sanquianga National Natural Park) departments. Six species are reported in this work (Echinolittorina apicina, E. atrata, E. conspersa, E. dubiosa, E. paytensis, and E. Tenuistriata), although the family was previously thought to be represented in the Colombian Pacific coast by three species. To facilitate their identification, a morphological description of each species is also presented.

ÁLVARO, GIRALDO-CARDONA; FANNY LORENA, GONZÁLEZ-ZAPATA; LUZ ÁNGELA, LÓPEZ DE MESA-AGUDELO; EDGARDO, LONDOÑO-CRUZ; JAIME R., CANTERA-K..

2014-06-30

362

Distribución y abundancia de Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) en la Reserva de la Biosfera Pantanos de Centla, Tabasco, México / Distribution and abundance of Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) in the Biosphere Reserve of Pantanos de Centla, Tabasco, Mexico  

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Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se estudió la distribución y abundancia de Melanoides tuberculata en la Reserva de la Biosfera Pantanos de Centla. Los muestreos se realizaron en 19 lagunas distribuidas en el interior de la Reserva durante la época de lluvias (septiembre y octubre 2003) y en la época de estiaje (abril y mayo 2004). [...] Para conocer el patrón de distribución espacial se utilizaron índices de agregación: Índice de Morisita (?) y Parámetro k. Se encontró la presencia de esta especie en 18 de las lagunas muestreadas. Se recolectaron 13,597 individuos. La mayor abundancia se presentó en la época de lluvias (8,364 individuos). Las poblaciones en cada laguna presentaron un patrón de distribución espacial agregado. Durante la época de lluvias se encontró una correlación inversa entre la abundancia y demanda química de oxígeno y directa con nitratos, y en la de estiaje inversa entre la abundancia y salinidad y directa con nitratos, nitritos y potencial de hidrógeno. Abstract in english We studied the distribution and abundance of Melanoides tuberculata in the Centla Swamps Biosphere Reserve. We sampled 19 lagoons, during the rainy (September - October 2003) dry (April - May 2004) seasons. We used the variance: Morisita's Index (?) and the k parameter to estimate the distribution p [...] attern space aggregation index. We registered the species 18 lagoons. A total of 13,597 individuals were collected, the greater abundance appeared during the rainy season (8,364 individuals). All populations presented an aggregated spatial distribution pattern. Abundance was inversely correlated with chemical oxygen demand and directly correlated with nitrates during the rainy season. During the dry season, abundance was inversely correlated with salinity and directly with nitrates, nitrites and pH.

Natalia C., ALBARRAN-MELZE; Luis J., RANGEL-RUIZ; Jaquelina, GAMBOA-AGUILAR.

2009-04-01

363

Nueva especie del género Liotia (Gastropoda: Trochoidea: Liotiidae) del Pacífico sur oriental, norte de Chile / New species of the genus Liotia (Gastropoda: Trochoidea: Liotiidae) of the southeastern Pacific, northern Chile  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este estudio se describe una nueva especie del género Liotia descubierta en Bahía Inglesa, norte de Chile, el 8 de agosto de 2007. Liotia chilensis sp. nov. se caracteriza por presentar una concha planoespiral, gruesa, pequeña, ombligo abierto y de color blanco. La escultura externa de Liotia chi [...] lensis sp. nov. presenta cordones axiales primarias marcadas bien definidas y sobresalientes que la diferencian claramente de la especie simpátrica L. cancellata, el único representante del género descrito hasta ahora en la región. Liotia chilensis sp. nov. posee otras características diagnósticas adicionales, como una abertura de la concha con el borde liso y una leve prolongación triangular hacia la columela, lo que dispone una forma cuadrangular a la abertura. Las conchas de Liotia chilensis sp. nov. fueron encontradas sobre sustrato arenoso, entre 15 y 32 m de profundidad. Abstract in english This study describes a new species of the genus Liotia discovered in Bahía Inglesa, northern Chile, on 8 August 2007. Liotia chilensis sp. nov. is characterized by a planispiral shell which is thick, small, umbilicated and white. The external sculpture of L. chilensis sp. nov. has well-defined consp [...] icuous primary axial cords which clearly differentiate it from the sympatric species L. cancellata, the only species of this genus described up to now in Chile. As additional diagnostic character of L. chilensis sp. nov. is a shell aperture with a smooth border that has a slight triangular prolongation towards the columella, which gives a quadrangular form to the aperture. Shells of L. chilensis sp. nov. were found on sandy substrate between 15 and 32 m depth.

Cecilia, Osorio.

2012-12-01

364

Population dynamics and reproductive biology of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Salvador - Bahia / Dinâmica populacional e biologia reprodutiva de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) na cidade de Salvador - Bahia  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os riscos com a introdução de espécies invasoras são enormes e incalculáveis. Constando como uma das 100 espécies de maior potencial invasor, Achatina fulica se destaca dos demais gastrópodes pulmonados terrestres, principalmente, pelo seu elevado potencial reprodutivo que acelera o processo de disp [...] ersão, aumentando os danos relacionados è saúde (transmissão de doenças), è economia (destruição de cultivos) e ao meio ambiente (perda da biodiversidade). Com o intuito de investigar as relações do caramujo africano com o ambiente, tentando relacionar atividade sexual com variáveis climáticas (temperatura, precipitação e umidade), foi realizado um estudo sobre aspectos da sua dinâmica populacional e biologia reprodutiva na cidade de Salvador. Os caramujos foram coletados manualmente, mensalmente. Dados morfométricos foram obtidos em campo e dissecações para estudo do sistema reprodutivo em laboratório. Para testar se havia uma maior atividade sexual em períodos úmidos foi realizada, inicialmente, uma Análise de Componentes Principais (PCA) com as variáveis climáticas, seguida de uma regressão entre a precipitação (variável ambiental com maior influencia) e a variável de interesse (atividade sexual). Os resultados mostraram que há um aparente ciclo anual para A. fulica, com um período de recrutamento abrangendo o final da estação chuvosa e a estação seca (agosto a dezembro de 2006 e fevereiro de 2007). O aumento do tamanho da concha (altura) e da atividade sexual foi observado durante a estação chuvosa, embora tenham sido encontrados caramujos em plena atividade sexual em todo o período de estudo. A curva de von Bertalanffy mostrou que o exemplar mais velho teria três anos e onze meses. A regressão entre a precipitação e a atividade sexual foi significativa (P = 0,002) mostrando que precipitações mais elevadas aumentam a atividade sexual. Além disso, observou-se que a espessura do perístoma aumenta è medida que o individuo atinge a maturidade sexual, porém esta relação não é precisa (havia indivíduos com estruturas sexuais não consistentes com o estagio reprodutivo dado pela espessura do perístoma) e deve ser ajustada para cada região estudada. Como a erradicação se torna impossível pelos níveis de invasão encontrados em Salvador, é recomendada, para controlar a população de caramujos africanos, a remoção continua de espécimes, especialmente nos períodos de chuva. Abstract in english The risks following introduction of invasive species are enormous and incalculable. Achatina fulica is considered one of the 100 species of greatest invasive potential, stands out among the land pulmonate snails, mostly for its high reproductive potential that accelerates the process of dispersion, [...] increasing the damages related to health (disease transmission), to economy (crops destruction) and to environment (biodiversity loss). In order to investigate the relationship of the African snail with the environment, trying to relate sexual activity with climatic variables (temperature, rainfall and humidity), a study was conducted on aspects of population dynamics and reproductive biology in Salvador city. The snails were collected by hand, monthly. Morphometric data were obtained in the field and dissections to analyze the reproductive system at laboratory. To test if there was a greater sexual activity in wet periods was performed first a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) with climatic variables, followed by a regression between precipitation (the most influential environmental variable) and the variable of interest (sexual activity). The results showed that there is an apparent annual cycle for A. fulica, with a recruitment period covering the end of rainy season and the dry season (August to December 2006 and February 2007). Increase of shell size (height) and of sexual activity were observed during the rainy season, although snails were found in full sexual activity during the whol

Eder Carvalho da, Silva; Elianne Pessoa, Omena.

2014-09-02

365

First record of the invasive snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae in the Paranã River basin, GO, Brazil Primeiro registro do gastrópode africano invasor Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Thiaridae na Bacia do Rio Paranã, GO, Brasil  

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Full Text Available The Thiarid snail Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774, native to Asia and East Africa was recorded for the first time in the Paranã River basin, Goiás State. There is no evidence concerning introduction vectors but aquarium releases is the most probable vector. Specimens were collected at three different water bodies after twenty-seven rivers were investigated. The possible spread of this species to other habitats and potential effects on native thermal water communities are discussed.O gastrópode Thiaridae Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774, nativo da Ásia e do Leste Africano, é registrado pela primeira vez na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Paranã (Estado de Goiás. Não se conhecem os vetores de introdução da espécie, mas o setor de aquariofilia foi apontado por alguns moradores locais como a mais provável causa. Os espécimes foram coletados em três corpos d´água depois de serem investigados vinte e sete rios e lagoas. A possibilidade de dispersão dessa espécie para outros habitats e os efeitos potenciais dessa introdução sobre a comunidade nativa são discutidos no artigo.

F. Rocha-Miranda

2006-11-01

366

Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) as intermediate host of Heterophyidae (Trematoda: Digenea) in Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, Brazil Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) como hospedeiro intermediário de Heterophyidae (Trematoda: Digenea) na região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil  

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In the late 1960s, Melanoides tuberculatus snails were introduced in Brazil from North/East Africa and Southeast Asia. The first records of specimens infected with cercariae were registered in Rio de Janeiro State in 2001. The present study reports the occurrence of M. tuberculatus infected with larval trematodes in Rio de Janeiro City. Bottom sediment was collected with dip nets and sieved through 0.25 inch-mesh screening. Snails were transported to the laboratory in vials with stream water,...

Tami Bogéa; Fernanda Martins Cordeiro; Janaína Silva de Gouveia

2005-01-01

367

Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) as intermediate host of Heterophyidae (Trematoda: Digenea) in Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, Brazil / Melanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) como hospedeiro intermediário de Heterophyidae (Trematoda: Digenea) na região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese No final da década de 60, caramujos da espécie Melanoides tuberculatus, originários do nordeste africano e sudeste asiático, foram introduzidos no Brasil. Os primeiros registros de espécimes infectados com cercárias foram feitos no Estado do Rio de Janeiro em 2001. O presente estudo relata a ocorrên [...] cia de M. tuberculatus infectados com larvas de trematódeos na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. O sedimento dos criadouros foi coletado e peneirado através de malhas de 0,25 polegadas. Os caramujos foram transportados em recipientes com água dos criadouros, sendo medidos e posteriormente individualizados. Eles foram expostos à luz e temperatura artificiais para induzir a emergência cercariana. As cercárias mais ativas foram processadas pelos métodos de coloração diferencial e de impregnação por nitrato de prata. Os caramujos negativos foram subsequentemente dissecados. Aproximadamente 700 caramujos foram coletados. Seu comprimento variou de 1,2 a 3,3 cm. A taxa de prevalência foi de 15,76% apesar de 53,76% dos caramujos estarem infectados em uma das áreas. Os caramujos estavam infectados com rédias e cercárias do tipo pleurolofocerca. A morfologia e a quetotaxia cercarianas foram compatíveis com as da família Heterophyidae principalmente devido à presença de nadadeiras medianas dorsais e ventrais e à ausência de receptores sensoriais CI dorsais. Abstract in english In the late 1960s, Melanoides tuberculatus snails were introduced in Brazil from North/East Africa and Southeast Asia. The first records of specimens infected with cercariae were registered in Rio de Janeiro State in 2001. The present study reports the occurrence of M. tuberculatus infected with lar [...] val trematodes in Rio de Janeiro City. Bottom sediment was collected with dip nets and sieved through 0.25 inch-mesh screening. Snails were transported to the laboratory in vials with stream water, then measured and individually isolated in glass vials with distilled water. They were exposed to artificial light and temperature to induce cercarial emergence. The most actively emerging cercariae were processed by differential staining and silver nitrate impregnation methods. Negative snails were subsequently dissected. Approximately 700 snails were collected. Snail total lengths ranged from 1.2 to 3.3 cm. The prevalence rate was 15.76% although 53.76% of the snails were found infected in one of the sites. Infected snails were infected with rediae and pleurolophocercous cercariae. Cercarial morphology and chaetotaxy were consistent with those of the family Heterophyidae mostly due to the presence of median dorsal and ventral fins on the tail and the absence of CI dorsal sensory receptors.

Tami, Bogéa; Fernanda Martins, Cordeiro; Janaína Silva de, Gouveia.

2005-04-01

368

Anatomia e microanatomia do sistema reprodutor de Rectartemon (Rectartemon) depressus (Heynemann) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Streptaxidae): complexo fálico / Anatomy and microanatomy of the reproductive system of Rectartemon (Rectartemon) depressus (Heynemann) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Streptaxidae): the phallus complex  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english It is described the anatomy and microanatomy of the phallus complex of Rectartemon depressus (Heynemann, 1868). The complex is composed by a phallus, a diverticle of the phallus and an epiphallus, where the deferens duct is thrown in: the retractor muscle is splitted in two parts, inserted into the [...] region of the epiphallus through a smaller branch, and at the extremity of the diverticle, through a longer and thiner branch. The lumen of the phallus, epiphallus and diverticle have corrugations and thorns. On the phallus the thorns are arranged in a protuberance and disposed alternately in rows, ali with an aculeus form and with a chestnut collor point and a yellow basis.

Mônica, Picoral; José Willibaldo, Thomé.

369

Anatomia e microanatomia do sistema reprodutor de Rectartemon (Rectartemon depressus (Heynemann (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Streptaxidae: complexo fálico Anatomy and microanatomy of the reproductive system of Rectartemon (Rectartemon depressus (Heynemann (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Streptaxidae: the phallus complex  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is described the anatomy and microanatomy of the phallus complex of Rectartemon depressus (Heynemann, 1868. The complex is composed by a phallus, a diverticle of the phallus and an epiphallus, where the deferens duct is thrown in: the retractor muscle is splitted in two parts, inserted into the region of the epiphallus through a smaller branch, and at the extremity of the diverticle, through a longer and thiner branch. The lumen of the phallus, epiphallus and diverticle have corrugations and thorns. On the phallus the thorns are arranged in a protuberance and disposed alternately in rows, ali with an aculeus form and with a chestnut collor point and a yellow basis.

Mônica Picoral

1998-01-01

370

Molecular phylogenetic investigations of the Viviparidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda) in the lakes of the Rift Valley area of Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

The freshwater gastropod family Viviparidae is nearly cosmopolitan, but absent from South America. On the African continent, two genera are recognized; the widespread Bellamya and the monotypic Neothauma, which is confined to Lake Tanganyika. Most of the African Bellamya species are confined to the major lakes of the Rift Valley area in Africa, i.e. Lake Albert, Lake Malawi, Lake Mweru, and Lake Victoria. The phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial (COI and 16S) and nuclear (H3, 18S and 28S) DNA inferred three major lake-clades; i.e. Lake Victoria/Kyoga/Albert, Lake Malawi and Lake Mweru/Bangweulu. The endemic B. rubicunda from Lake Albert and B. unicolor from Lake Kyoga were inferred to be part of the Lake Victoria clade. Bellamya capillata as identified by shell characters was polyphyletic in gene trees. The monophyletic Bellamya species radiation in Lake Malawi was most nearly related to the Lake Victoria/Kyoga/Albert-clade. Taxa from the Zambian lakes, Mweru and Bangweulu, were inferred together and placed ancestral to the other lakes. Neothauma tanganyicense was inferred as the sister-group to the Zambian Bellamya. Within the lake-clades the endemic radiations show very low genetic diversities (0-4.1% in COI), suggesting much faster morphological divergence than molecular divergence. Alternatively, Bellamya in Africa constitutes only a few species with several sub-species or eco-phenotypic morphs. The African viviparids were inferred to be the sister-group to a clade comprising Asian species, and the relatively low genetic diversity between the clades (12.6-15.5% in COI) makes a recent Miocene dispersal event from Asia to Africa much more likely than an ancient Gondwana vicarience distribution. PMID:19435609

Sengupta, Mita E; Kristensen, Thomas K; Madsen, Henry; Jørgensen, Aslak

2009-09-01

371

Effect of temperature on growth, mortality, reproduction, and production of adult Lymnaea obrussa Say (Mollusca:Gastropoda)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Shell lengths and egg production were measured weekly under constant (K; 10, 15, 20, 250C) and varying temperature regimes during the reproductive period. Varying regimes included natural field temperature in a pond (F; diurnal and seasonal), mean daily field temperature (anti F; seasonal) and 5 and 100C above anti F. Growth rate of large snails (>10 mm) was unaffected by temperature, but small snails (6 to 10 mm) grew fastest at 150C(K). Growth and reproductive periods were longest, production was highest, and mortality rate was lowest at 150C(K). Rate (per snail) of egg production increased with temperature. At equal mean temperature, regime affected growth rate only at anti F. Regime affected the following values as shown: mortality rate,F > anti F = K; rate of reproduction, F > K > anti F; and total production, K > anti F = F. The validity of extrapolation of energetic data from laboratory to field is discussed. Data relating production and temperature are valuable in thermal impact analysis. (U.S.)

372

Natural infection of Deroceras laeve (Mollusca: gastropoda) with metastrongylid larvae in a transmission focus of abdominal angiostrongyliasis  

OpenAIRE

Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a nematode parasitic of rodents. Man may become infected by ingestion of the third stage larvae produced within the intermediate hosts, usually slugs from the family Veronicellidae. An epidemiological study carried out in a locality in southern Brazil (western Santa Catarina State) where these slugs are a crop pest and an important vector for A. costaricensis has documented for the first time the natural infection of Deroceras laeve with metastrongylid larvae....

Maurer, Rafael Lucyk; Graeff-teixeira, Carlos; Thome?, Jose? Willibaldo; Chiaradia, Lui?s Anto?nio; Sugaya, Hiroko; Yoshimura, Kentaro

2002-01-01

373

Opisthobranchia (Mollusca, Gastropoda) – more than just slimy slugs. Shell reduction and its implications on defence and foraging  

OpenAIRE

Background: In general shell-less slugs are considered to be slimy animals with a rather dull appearance and a pest to garden plants. But marine slugs usually are beautifully coloured animals belonging to the less-known Opisthobranchia. They are characterized by a large array of interesting biological phenomena, usually related to foraging and/or defence. In this paper our knowledge of shell reduction, correlated with the evolution of different defensive and foraging strategies is reviewed, a...

Wägele Heike; Klussmann-Kolb Annette

2005-01-01

374

Replacement names and nomenclatural comments for problematic species-group names in Europe's Neogene freshwater Gastropoda. Part 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the course of a new database project on Miocene to Recent freshwater gastropods of Europe, a great many of primary and secondary homonyms were revealed. Such nomenclatural issues need clarification in order to avoid misunderstandings and wrong statements about geographical distributions and temporal ranges. The following 16 new names are introduced to replace existing homonyms: Theodoxus militaris jurisicpolsakae nom. n., Viviparus stevanovici nom. n., Melanopsis haueri ripanjensis nom. n., Melanopsis wolfgangfischeri nom. n., Micromelania ramacanensis nom. n., Pseudamnicola welterschultesi nom. n., Muellerpalia haszprunari nom. n., Muellerpalia pseudovalvatoides nom. n., Lithoglyphus gozhiki nom. n., Valvata heidemariae willmanni nom. n., Radix macaleti nom. n., Gyraulus okrugljakensis nom. n., Gyraulus rasseri nom. n., Gyraulus vrapceanus nom. n., Planorbarius halavatsi nom. n., and Segmentina mosbachensis nom. n. Additionally, six cases of homonyms are discussed that are not replaced by new names, because they are considered junior synonyms. PMID:25147468

Neubauer, Thomas A; Harzhauser, Mathias; Kroh, Andreas; Elisavet, Georgopoulou; Mandic, Oleg

2014-01-01

375

Effects of environmental concentrations of atrazine on hemocyte density and phagocytic activity in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Immunotoxicological effects of environmentally relevant concentrations (10, 23, 50, 100 {mu}g/l) of atrazine were studied in Lymnaea stagnalis. Individual hemolymph sampling was performed at 0, 24, 48, 72, 96, 168, 336, 504 and 672 h during exposure. Every atrazine concentration induced a significant increase in the mean number of circulating hemocytes, without any concentration-response relation. A peak (1.6-fold increase) of hemocyte density was observed after 96 h of exposure. After 504 h, the number of hemocytes remained higher only in the snails exposed to the two highest concentrations. Granulocytes contributed most to the increase in hemocyte density in herbicide-exposed snails. Both short- (24 and 96 h) and long-term (504 h) exposures resulted in significant inhibition of hemocyte phagocytic activity upon E. coli. Over the long-term, phagocytosis recovered for the two lowest concentrations. After 504 h of exposure, every herbicide level resulted in a significant reduction of reactive oxygen species production in E. coli-stimulated hemocytes, which was not observed for short-term exposures. - Phagocytosis and oxidative burst of hemocytes may be a functional biomarker for atrazine effects on snails.

Russo, Jacqueline; Lagadic, Laurent

2004-01-01

376

Hemocyte-specific responses to the peroxidizing herbicide fomesafen in the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Responses of circulating hemocytes were studied in Lymnaea stagnalis exposed to 10, 30, 90, and 270 {mu}g/L fomesafen for 24 and 504 h. Flow cytometry was used to quantify fomesafen-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), phagocytic activity on Escherichia coli, and oxidative burst when hemocytes were challenged by E. coli or phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA). Lysosomal membrane damage was assessed, using the neutral-red retention time (NRRT) assay. Exposure to fomesafen for 24 h resulted in increase in ROS levels and decreases in phagocytosis and the oxidative burst in PMA-stimulated hemocytes. After 504 h, intracellular levels of ROS returned to normal, but phagocytosis of E. coli was still inhibited and the associated oxidative burst significantly reduced. After both durations of exposure, decreases of NRRT indicated that lysosome membrane fragility increased with fomesafen concentration. Potential implications for the health and survival of the snails and consequences on populations are discussed. - Fomesafen inhibited phagocytosis and the associated oxidative burst, and increased lysosome fragility in L. stagnalis hemocytes.

Russo, Jacqueline [UMR 6553 Ecobio CNRS Universite de Rennes 1, Campus de Beaulieu, F-35042 Rennes cedex 35042 (France); Lefeuvre-Orfila, Luz [UMR 985 INRA-Agrocampus Ecobiologie et Qualite des Hydrosystemes Continentaux, Equipe Ecotoxicologie et Qualite des Milieux aquatiques, 65 rue de Saint-Brieuc CS 84215, F-35042 Rennes cedex 35042 (France); Lagadic, Laurent [UMR 985 INRA-Agrocampus Ecobiologie et Qualite des Hydrosystemes Continentaux, Equipe Ecotoxicologie et Qualite des Milieux aquatiques, 65 rue de Saint-Brieuc CS 84215, F-35042 Rennes cedex 35042 (France)]. E-mail: laurent.lagadic@rennes.inra.fr

2007-03-15

377

Shell morphology of the freshwater snail Gundlachia ticaga (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) from four sites in Ilha Grande, southeastern Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The freshwater snail Gundlachia ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962) is widely distributed in Brazil, but its morphology has been poorly studied. We compared the shell morphology of samples from four sites (Vila do Abraão, Vila de Provetá, Parnaioca and Praia do Sul) in Ilha Grande (Angra dos Reis, state [...] of Rio de Janeiro) in order to evaluate differences within and among four populations. We used nine morphometric characters representing shell size and shape. To analyze shell morphology we considered aperture shape, sculpture of teleoconch, apex carving and position. The resulting dataset was correlated by Pearson´s linear correlation and shell differences among populations were tested using ANOVA and Discriminant Function Analysis. The results showed that there is significant variation among populations concerning shell shape and morphology. Shells from preserved localities (Praia do Sul and Parnaioca) and shells from highly modified environments (Vila do Abraão and Vila de Provetá) were the most similar to each other. Results from the visual assessment and from the discriminant analysis were almost identical. The shell indices are the most important variables in the differentiation of samples. The observed variation corroborates the hypothesis that G. ticaga displays phenotypic plasticity, which may lead to wrong identifications. Narrower shells with an elongate aperture could be misidentified as Ferrissia Walker, 1903 and, broader shells with a roundish aperture could be wrongly identified as Burnupia Walker, 1912. We confirmed that the absence of radial lines is not a good diagnostic character for G. ticaga. The analysis of the apical micro-sculpture and soft parts is essential for a correct identification.

Luiz Eduardo M., Lacerda; Igor C., Miyahira; Sonia B., Santos.

2011-06-01

378

A new species of Urocopitid land snail from Haiti and a discussion of the genus Autocoptis (Gastropoda: Urocoptidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: English Abstract in spanish Para Haití se describe Autocoptis paulsoni n. sp. Esta especie se caracteriza por su gran tamaño, su forma cilíndrica-cónica, teleoconcha en forma de costillas, una clara pero débil quilla circumbasal y concha juvenil cónica y abreviada. Es muy similar a Autocoptis gruneri (Dunker, 1844), que se des [...] cribe de nuevo y su distribución se revisa. También se presenta el estado taxonómico del género Autocoptis y del subgénero Urocoptola. El género es endémico de La Española y las islas satélites. Abstract in english Autocoptis paulsoni n. sp. is described from Haiti. it is characterized by its large size, its cylindricaltapered shape, its fine costate sculpture on the teleoconch, a distinct but weak circum basal keel and its abbreviate conical juvenile shell. it is most similar to Autocoptis gruneri (Dunker 184 [...] 4), which is redescribed, and its distribution is reviewed. The taxonomic status of the genus Autocoptis Pilsbry 1902 and its subgenus Urocoptola Clench, 1 935 are reviewed. The genus is endemic to Hispaniola and satellite islands.

Fred G., Thompson.

1187-11-01

379

Heat- and radioresistance of Lymnaea Stagnalis (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) populations from water reservoirs with various forms of anthropogenic load  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper is aimed at determining thermal and radiation resistance of Lymnae Stagnalis populations in the river of Pripyat in the area if high radioactive contamination (Khoiniky district of Gomel Region) after the Chernobyl accident; in a fish-breeding pond in the system of cooling reservoir of the Beregovsk Hydro and in an irrigation canal (Berezovsk district of Brest Region). The level of radioactive contamination of soils with gamma-radionuclides from the Pripyat River reaches 2 mln Bq/m2 and that of molluscs - up to 502 Bq/kg of raw mass. The indicators in the remaining bodies do not practiccaly difer from the background ones. Water temperature during water sampling was 22, 28 and 20 deg C respectively for the Pripyat River pond and canal. Mollusks were subjected to 15 minute gamma irradiation. Thermal stability was studied at 35 deg C. It is shown that the molluscs from the cooling pond feature the highest thermal and radiation resistance the ecosystem of the pond is characterized by the highest anthropogenic variations. 12 refs.; 1 fig.; 1 tab

380

The South American radiation of Jerrybuccinum (Gastropoda, Buccinidae), with a new deep-water species from Chile  

OpenAIRE

A new deep water species from off the Chilean coast, Jerrybuccinum kantori sp. n., is described. The animal is equipped with a large statocyst. Kryptos explorator Fraussen & Sellanes, 2008 from off Concepción is found to be congeneric and transferred to the genus Jerrybuccinum. Differences in size and sculpture serve to distinguish the new species from J. explorator. Both Chilean species are associated with