Design of aerospace control systems using fractional PID controller
Magdy A.S. Aboelela
2012-07-01
Full Text Available The goal is to control the trajectory of the flight path of six degree of freedom flying body model using fractional PID. The design of fractional PID controller for the six degree of freedom flying body is described. The parameters of fractional PID controller are optimized by particle swarm optimization (PSO method. In the optimization process, various objective functions were considered and investigated to reflect both improved dynamics of the missile system and reduced chattering in the control signal of the controller.
On PID controller design using knowledge based fuzzy system
Jana Nowakova; Miroslav Pokorny
2012-01-01
The designing of PID controllers is a frequently discussed problem. Many of the design methods have been developed, classic (analytical tuning methods, optimization methods etc.) or not so common fuzzy knowledge based methods. The aim of design methods is in designing of controllers to achieve good setpoint following, corresponding time response etc. In this case, the new way of designing PID controller parameters is created where the above mentioned knowledge system ...
Design of PID-type controllers using multiobjective genetic algorithms.
Herreros, Alberto; Baeyens, Enrique; Perán, José R
2002-10-01
The design of a PID controller is a multiobjective problem. A plant and a set of specifications to be satisfied are given. The designer has to adjust the parameters of the PID controller such that the feedback interconnection of the plant and the controller satisfies the specifications. These specifications are usually competitive and any acceptable solution requires a tradeoff among them. An approach for adjusting the parameters of a PID controller based on multiobjective optimization and genetic algorithms is presented in this paper. The MRCD (multiobjective robust control design) genetic algorithm has been employed. The approach can be easily generalized to design multivariable coupled and decentralized PID loops and has been successfully validated for a large number of experimental cases. PMID:12398277
Design of a PID Controller for a PCR Micro Reactor
Dinca, M. P.; Gheorghe, M.; Galvin, P.
2009-01-01
Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers are widely used in process control, and consequently they are described in most of the textbooks on automatic control. However, rather than presenting the overall design process, the examples given in such textbooks are intended to illuminate specific focused aspects of selection, tuning and…
Design of Fuzzy PID controller to control DC motor with zero overshoot
Meenakshi Chourasiya; Prof. Shweta karnik
2014-01-01
Most of the real time operation based physical system, digital PID is used in field such as servo-motor/dc motor/temperature control system, robotics, power electronics etc. need to interface with high speed constraints, higher density PLD’s such as FPGA used to integrate several logics on single IC. There are some limitations in it to overcome these limitations Fuzzy logic is introduced with PID and Fuzzy PID is formed. This paper explains experimental design of Fuzzy PID con...
Hybrid intelligent PID control design for PEMFC anode system
Rui-min WANG; Ying-ying ZHANG; Guang-yi CAO
2008-01-01
Control design is important for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) generator. This work researched the anode system of a 60-kW PEMFC generator. Both anode pressure and humidity must he maintained at ideal levels during steady operation. In view of characteristics and requirements of the system, a hybrid intelligent PID controller is designed specifically based on dynamic simulation. A single neuron PI controller is used for anode humidity by adjusting the water injection to the hydrogen cell. Another incremental PID controller, based on the diagonal recurrent neural network (DRNN) dynamic identification, is used to control anode pressure to be more stable and exact by adjusting the hydrogen flow rate. This control strategy can avoid the coupling problem of the PEMFC and achieve a more adaptive ability. Simulation results showed that the control strategy can maintain both anode humidity and pressure at ideal levels regardless of variable load, nonlinear dynamic and coupling characteristics of the system. This work will give some guides for further control design and applications of the total PEMFC generator.
Sivananaithaperumal Sudalaiandi
2014-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an automatic tuning of multivariable Fractional-Order Proportional, Integral and Derivative controller (FO-PID parameters using Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy (CMAES algorithm. Decoupled multivariable FO-PI and FO-PID controller structures are considered. Oustaloup integer order approximation is used for the fractional integrals and derivatives. For validation, two Multi-Input Multi- Output (MIMO distillation columns described byWood and Berry and Ogunnaike and Ray are considered for the design of multivariable FO-PID controller. Optimal FO-PID controller is designed by minimizing Integral Absolute Error (IAE as objective function. The results of previously reported PI/PID controller are considered for comparison purposes. Simulation results reveal that the performance of FOPI and FO-PID controller is better than integer order PI/PID controller in terms of IAE. Also, CMAES algorithm is suitable for the design of FO-PI / FO-PID controller.
Optimal Design of PID Controller for the Speed Control of DC Motor by Using Metaheuristic Techniques
Mirza Muhammad Sabir
2014-01-01
Full Text Available DC motors are used in numerous industrial applications like servo systems and speed control applications. For such systems, the Proportional+Integral+Derivative (PID controller is usually the controller of choice due to its ease of implementation, ruggedness, and easy tuning. All the classical methods for PID controller design and tuning provide initial workable values for Kp, Ki, and Kd which are further manually fine-tuned for achieving desired performance. The manual fine tuning of the PID controller parameters is an arduous job which demands expertise and comprehensive knowledge of the domain. In this research work, some metaheuristic algorithms are explored for designing PID controller and a comprehensive comparison is made between these algorithms and classical techniques as well for the purpose of selecting the best technique for PID controller design and parameters tuning.
Design New Intelligent PID like Fuzzy Backstepping Controller
Arzhang Khajeh
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The minimum rule base Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy backstepping Controller is presented in this research. The popularity of PID Fuzzy backstepping controller can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID Fuzzy backstepping controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing. PID methodology has three inputs and if any input is described with seven linguistic values, and any rule has three conditions we will need 7 × 7 × 7 = 343 rules. It is too much work to write 343 rules. In this research the PID-like fuzzy controller can be constructed as a parallel structure of a PD-like fuzzy controller and a PI-like controller to have the minimum rule base. However backstepping controller is work based on cancelling decoupling and nonlinear terms of dynamic parameters of each link, this controller is work based on manipulator dynamic model and this technique is highly sensitive to the knowledge of all parameters of nonlinear robot manipulator’s dynamic equation. This research is used to reduce or eliminate the backstepping controller problem based on minimum rule base fuzzy logic theory to control of flexible robot manipulator system and testing of the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
A General Method for Designing Fractional Order PID Controller
Marzieh Safaei
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The idea of using fractional order calculus in control became apparent when this kind of calculus was accepted as a powerful tool in many applications. This resulted in a new generation of PID controller called fractional order PID Controller, named as Controller. controller is more flexible and provides a better response with larger stability region as compared with standard PID controller. This paper presents a simple and reliable method for finding the family of controllers. The required calculations are done in frequency domain based on frequency response of the system and the stability region is specified in the parameters space. This method can be used for time-delay systems and, more generally, for any system with no transfer function.
Design of Fuzzy PID controller to control DC motor with zero overshoot
Meenakshi Chourasiya
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Most of the real time operation based physical system, digital PID is used in field such as servo-motor/dc motor/temperature control system, robotics, power electronics etc. need to interface with high speed constraints, higher density PLD’s such as FPGA used to integrate several logics on single IC. There are some limitations in it to overcome these limitations Fuzzy logic is introduced with PID and Fuzzy PID is formed. This paper explains experimental design of Fuzzy PID controller. We aimed to make controller power efficient, more compact, and zero overshoot. MATLAB is used to design PID controller to calculate and plot the time response of the control system and Simulink to generate a set of coefficients.
Adaptive robust PID controller design based on a sliding mode for uncertain chaotic systems
A robust adaptive PID controller design motivated from the sliding mode control is proposed for a class of uncertain chaotic systems in this paper. Three PID control gains, K p, K i, and K d, are adjustable parameters and will be updated online with an adequate adaptation mechanism to minimize a previously designed sliding condition. By introducing a supervisory controller, the stability of the closed-loop PID control system under with the plant uncertainty and external disturbance can be guaranteed. Finally, a well-known Duffing-Holmes chaotic system is used as an illustrative to show the effectiveness of the proposed robust adaptive PID controller
Fuzzy Auto-adjust PID Controller Design of Brushless DC Motor
Yuanxi, Wang; Yali, Yu; Guosheng, Zhang; Xiaoliang, Sheng
Using conventional PID control method, to guarantee the rapidity and small overshoot dynamic and static performance of the BLDCM (brushless DC motor) system is out of the question. The control method to combine fuzzy control with PID control was fit the multivariable strong coupling nonlinear characteristic of BLDCM system. Matlab/Simulink simulation model had been built. The result of computer simulation shows that, compared with the conventional PID controller, the dynamic and static performance of fuzzy auto-adjust PID controller are put forward to optimize. The research work of this paper has profound significance for high precision controller design.
Design of an Implicit GMV-PID Controller Using Closed Loop Data
Wakitani, Shin; Hosokawa, Kei; Yamamoto, Toru
In industrial processes, PID control has been applied to a lot of real systems. The control performance strongly depends on PID parameters. Although, some schemes for tuning PID parameters have been proposed, however, these schemes need system parameters which are estimated by system identification in order to calculate PID parameters. On the other hand, model-free controller design schemes represented by VRFT or FRIT which have received much attention in last few years. These methods can calculate control parameters using closed-loop data and are expected to reduce computational costs. In this paper, a type of implicit PID controllers using closed-loop data is proposed. According to the proposed method, PID parameters are calculated based on the implicit GMVC. Moreover, the control performance can be suitably adjusted by only user-specified parameter. The effectiveness of the proposed method is numerically and experimentally evaluated.
A robust PID controller design method was proposed, which was based on PID structured weight function optimization method with linear matrix inequality techniques. By combining static H∞ loop shaping controller synthesis, a robust systematic PID iterative optimization method was given. A PID main controller of steam generator water level control system was designed by using this method. Simulation results show that the control system designed by the given method is of good robust stability and robust performance, and its synthetic control quality is better than the method of full order weight optimization (or PID structured weight optimization mentioned by this paper) combined with normal H∞ controller synthesis. (authors)
Tuning of Fuzzy PID Controllers
Jantzen, Jan
1998-01-01
Since fuzzy controllers are nonlinear, it is more difficult to set the controller gains compared to proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers. This research paper proposes a design procedure and a tuning procedure that carries tuning rules from the PID domain over to fuzzy single......-loop controllers. The idea is to start with a tuned, conventional PID controller, replace it with an equivalent linear fuzzy controller, make the fuzzy controller nonlinear, and eventually fine-tune the nonlinear fuzzy controller. This is relevant whenever a PID controller is possible or already implemented....
Design of the Glass Batching-Material System Based Fuzzy-PID Combined Control
Zhisong Hou
2013-06-01
Full Text Available According to the traditional control methods of batching-material system exists defects low precision and bad real-time, this paper has proposed the combined control algorithm. This paper has designed a Fuzzy-PID control Glass batching-material system by using of combining the traditional PID and the Fuzzy control algorithm. The system uses expert system of online learning and adjusts automatically the control parameters, realize the best combination controlling precision and speed. The actual operation result of the system has proved the feasibility and validity of the Fuzzy-PID combined control.
Design And Implementation Of PID Controller Using Relay Feedback On TRMS (Twin Rotor MIMO System)
Shah, Dipesh H.
2011-12-01
Today, many process control problems can be adequately and routinely solved by conventional PID control strategies. The overriding reason that the PID controller is so widely accepted is its simple structure which has proved to be very robust with regard to many commonly met process control problems as for instance disturbances and nonlinearities. Relay feedback methods have been widely used in tuning proportional-integral-derivative controllers due to its closed loop nature. In this work, Relay based PID controller is designed and successfully implemented on TRMS (Twin Rotor MIMO System) in SISO and MIMO configurations. The performance of a Relay based PID controller for control of TRMS is investigated and performed satisfactorily. The system shares some features with a helicopter, such as important interactions between the vertical and horizontal motions. The RTWT toolbox in the MATLAB environment is used to perform real-time experiments.
Design of Multiregional Supervisory Fuzzy PID Control of pH Reactors
Shebel AlSabbah; Mujahed AlDhaifallah; Mohammad Al-Jarrah
2015-01-01
This work concerns designing multiregional supervisory fuzzy PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) control for pH reactors. The proposed work focuses, mainly, on two themes. The first one is to propose a multiregional supervisory fuzzy-based cascade control structure. It would enable modifying dynamics and enhance system’s stability. The fuzzy system (master loop) has been chosen as a tuner for PID controller (slave loop). It takes into consideration parameters uncertainties and reference tr...
Design and implementation of a new fuzzy PID controller for networked control systems.
Fadaei, A; Salahshoor, K
2008-10-01
This paper presents a practical network platform to design and implement a networked-based cascade control system linking a Smar Foundation Fieldbus (FF) controller (DFI-302) and a Siemens programmable logic controller (PLC-S7-315-2DP) through Industrial Ethernet to a laboratory pilot plant. In the presented network configuration, the Smar OPC tag browser and Siemens WinCC OPC Channel provide the communicating interface between the two controllers. The paper investigates the performance of a PID controller implemented in two different possible configurations of FF function block (FB) and networked control system (NCS) via a remote Siemens PLC. In the FB control system implementation, the desired set-point is provided by the Siemens Human-Machine Interface (HMI) software (i.e, WinCC) via an Ethernet Modbus link. While, in the NCS implementation, the cascade loop is realized in remote Siemens PLC station and the final element set-point is sent to the Smar FF station via Ethernet bus. A new fuzzy PID control strategy is then proposed to improve the control performances of the networked-based control systems due to an induced transmission delay degradation effect. The proposed strategy utilizes an innovative idea based on sectionalizing the error signal of the step response into three different functional zones. The supporting philosophy behind these three functional zones is to decompose the desired control objectives in terms of rising time, settling time and steady-state error measures maintained by an appropriate PID-type controller in each zone. Then, fuzzy membership factors are defined to configure the control signal on the basis of the fuzzy weighted PID outputs of all three zones. The obtained results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy PID control scheme in improving the performances of the implemented NCS for different transportation delays. PMID:18692184
Design of Robust Guaranteed Cost PID Controller for Networked Control Systems
Nguyen, Quang Thuan; Veselý, Vojtech
2010-03-01
The paper addresses the problem of an output feedback guaranteed cost controller design for Networked Control Systems (NCSs) with time-delay and polytopic uncertainties. By constructing a new parameter-dependent Lyapunov functional and applying the free-weighting matrices technique, the parameter-dependent, delay-dependent design method will be obtained to synthesize PID controllers achieving a guaranteed cost such that the NCSs can be stabilized for all admissible uncertainties and time-delays. Finally, numerical examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Optimal design of PID controller for second order plus time delay systems
It is well known that the effect of time delay in the forward path of control loop deteriorates the system performance and at the same time makes it difficult to compute the optimum PID controller parameters of the feedback control systems. PI/PID controller is most popular and used more than 80% in industries as well as in accelerators lab due to its simple structure and appropriate robustness. At VECC we have planned to use a PID controller for the speed control of DC motor which will be used to adjust the solenoid coil position of the 2.45 GHz microwave ion source for optimum performance during the online operation. In this paper we present a comparison of the two methods which have been used to design the optimum PID controller parameters: one by optimizing different time domain performance indices such as lAE, ITSE etc. and other using analytical formulation based on Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR). We have performed numerical simulations using MATLAB and compare the closed loop time response performance measures using the PID parameters obtained from above mentioned two methods on a second order transfer function of a DC motor with time delay. (author)
Design New PID like Fuzzy CTC Controller: Applied to Spherical Motor
Mohammad shamsodini
2014-05-01
Full Text Available The minimum rule base Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller with application to spherical motor is presented in this research. The popularity of PID Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. PID methodology has three inputs and if any input is described with seven linguistic values, and any rule has three conditions we will need 343 rules. It is too much work to write 343 rules and have lots of problem to design embedded control system e.g., Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA. In this research the PID-like fuzzy controller can be constructed as a parallel structure of a PD-like fuzzy controller and a conventional PI controller to have the minimum rule base and acceptable trajectory follow disturbance to control of spherical motor. However computed torque controller is work based on cancelling decoupling and nonlinear terms of dynamic parameters for each direction of three degree of freedom spherical motor, this controller is work based on motor dynamic model and this technique is highly sensitive to the knowledge of all parameters of nonlinear spherical motor’s dynamic equation. This research is used to reduce or eliminate the computed torque controller problem based on minimum rule base fuzzy logic theory to control of three degrees of freedom spherical motor system and testing of the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
Design of PID Controller for Maglev System Based on an Improved PSO with Mixed Inertia Weight
Rongrong Song
2014-06-01
Full Text Available A Maglev system was modeled by the exact feedback linearization to achieve two same linear subsystems. The proportional-integral-differential controllers (PID based on particle swarm optimization (PSO algorithm with four different inertia weights were then used to regulate both linear subsystems. These different inertia weights were Fixed Inertia Weight (FIW, Linear Descend Inertia Weight (LIW, Linear Differential Descend Inertia Weight (LDW, and mixed inertia weight (FIW–LIW-LDW. On the other hand, the parameters of the PSO-PID controllers via mixed inertia weight (FIW–LIW-LDW were optimized, the parameter values in the electromagnet 1 and electromagnet 2 were both 0.4. Simulation results demonstrate that the control performance and robustness of PSO-PID based on mixed inertia weight (FIW–LIW-LDW was superior to that of three PSO-PID controllers based on single inertia weights. For electromagnet 1, the overshoot of PSO-PID controller with mixed inertia weight reduced 3.36% than that of PSO-PID controller with FIW, 5.81% than that of PSO-PID controller with LIW, and 6.34% than that of PSO-PID controller with LDW; for electromagnet 2, the overshoot of PSO-PID controller with mixed inertia weight reduced 1.07% than that of PSO-PID controller with FIW, 12.56% than that of PSO-PID controller with LIW, 7.97% than that of PSO-PID controller with LDW; the adjusting time of PSO-PID controller with mixed inertia weight reduced 0.395s than that of PSO-PID controller with FIW, 34.1s than that of PSO-PID controller with LIW, and 33.494s than that of PSO-PID controller with LDW
AN ALGORITHM FOR DESIGN OF A PID CONTROLLER FOR MULTIVARIABLE SYSTEM USING OUTPUT FEEDBACK
Suma H
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the design of a proportional-plus-integral-plus-derivative (PID controller for linear multivariable systems using an output feedback control law. Controller is designed as an equivalent proportionalplus- derivative controller for the augmented system formed due to the integral action. The design equations areformulated in terms of coefficient matrix of the transfer function vector of the equivalent single input (or single output system. The computation of coefficient matrix of a transfer function vector gives a simple and direct procedure for pole assignment. The design procedure does not require cyclicity as an initial condition. The controller design is illustrated with a numerical example.
Designing a Robust and Adaptive PID Controller for Gas Turbine Connected to the Generator
Mohsen Khalilpour
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Gas turbines are increasingly spread throughout the world to provide mechanical and electrical power in consumer and industrial sections. To ensure an accurate control process temperature of gas turbine with no extortionary operator involvement, a proper controller is required. Load frequency control of gas turbine is also regulates the power flow between different areas while holding the frequency constant. The main idea in this study is to assemble these 2 controllers in a unit work; the area of robust control has grown to be one of the wealthy in terms of algorithms, design techniques, analytical tools and modifications. Several books and papers already exist on the topics of parameter estimation and adaptive control. In The proposed approach, a robust and evolutionary based Proportional, Integral, Derivative (PID is utilized to control frequency-response and a robust evolutionary based Proportional, Integral (PI is utilized to control temperature. The evolutionary algorithm is used to make an optimal Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID controller Tuning parameters. The new robust PID controller is compared with a normal classic controller (Ziegler-Nichols designed by the method.
Designing robust Mixed H /H PID Controllers based Intelligent Genetic Algorithm
Ramzy S. Ali Al-Waily; Ali Abdullah K. Al-Thuwainy
2011-01-01
- It's not easy to implement the mixed / optimal controller for high order system, since in the conventional mixed / optimal feedback the order of the controller is much than that of the plant. This difficulty had been solved by using the structured specified PID controller. The merit of PID controllers comes from its simple structure, and can meets the industry processes. Also it have some kind of robustness. Even that it's hard to PID to cope the complex control p...
Design Intelligent PID like Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller for Spherical Motor
Farzin Matin
2014-04-01
Full Text Available The minimum rule base Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller (SMC with application to spherical motor is presented in this research. The popularity of PID Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing especially in nonlinear and uncertain systems. Proportional Integral Derivative methodology has three inputs and if any input is described with seven linguistic values, and any rule has three conditions, we will need 343 rules. It is too much work to write 343 rules and have lots of problem to design embedded control system e.g., Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA. In this research the PID-like fuzzy controller can be constructed as a parallel structure of a PD-like fuzzy controller and a conventional PI controller to have the minimum rule base and good trajectory follow disturbance to control of spherical motor. However Sliding Mode Controller is work based on cancelling decoupling and nonlinear terms of dynamic parameters for each direction of three degree of freedom spherical motor, this controller is work based on motor dynamic model and this technique is highly sensitive to the knowledge of all parameters of nonlinear spherical motor’s dynamic equation which caused to challenge in uncertain system. This research is used to reduce or eliminate the Sliding Mode Controller problem based on minimum rule base fuzzy logic theory to control of three degrees of freedom spherical motor system and testing of the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
Pei, L; Theilacker, J; Soyars, W; Martinez, A; Bossert, R; DeGraff, B; Darve, C
2012-01-01
The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters' oscillation.
A design of LED adaptive dimming lighting system based on incremental PID controller
He, Xiangyan; Xiao, Zexin; He, Shaojia
2010-11-01
As a new generation energy-saving lighting source, LED is applied widely in various technology and industry fields. The requirement of its adaptive lighting technology is more and more rigorous, especially in the automatic on-line detecting system. In this paper, a closed loop feedback LED adaptive dimming lighting system based on incremental PID controller is designed, which consists of MEGA16 chip as a Micro-controller Unit (MCU), the ambient light sensor BH1750 chip with Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C), and constant-current driving circuit. A given value of light intensity required for the on-line detecting environment need to be saved to the register of MCU. The optical intensity, detected by BH1750 chip in real time, is converted to digital signal by AD converter of the BH1750 chip, and then transmitted to MEGA16 chip through I2C serial bus. Since the variation law of light intensity in the on-line detecting environment is usually not easy to be established, incremental Proportional-Integral-Differential (PID) algorithm is applied in this system. Control variable obtained by the incremental PID determines duty cycle of Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM). Consequently, LED's forward current is adjusted by PWM, and the luminous intensity of the detection environment is stabilized by self-adaptation. The coefficients of incremental PID are obtained respectively after experiments. Compared with the traditional LED dimming system, it has advantages of anti-interference, simple construction, fast response, and high stability by the use of incremental PID algorithm and BH1750 chip with I2C serial bus. Therefore, it is suitable for the adaptive on-line detecting applications.
Design of Multiregional Supervisory Fuzzy PID Control of pH Reactors
Shebel AlSabbah
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This work concerns designing multiregional supervisory fuzzy PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative control for pH reactors. The proposed work focuses, mainly, on two themes. The first one is to propose a multiregional supervisory fuzzy-based cascade control structure. It would enable modifying dynamics and enhance system’s stability. The fuzzy system (master loop has been chosen as a tuner for PID controller (slave loop. It takes into consideration parameters uncertainties and reference tracking. The second theme concerns designing a hybrid neural network-based pH estimator. The proposed estimator would overcome the industrial drawbacks, that is, cost and size, found with conventional methods for pH measurement. The final end-user-interface (EUI front panel and the results that evaluate the performance of the supervisory fuzzy PID-based control system and hybrid NN-based estimator have been presented using the compatibility found between LabView and MatLab. They lead to conclude that the proposed algorithms are appropriate to systems nonlinearities encountered with pH reactors.
The paper deals with the development and application of a new simple empirical approach to the design of robust PID controllers for technological processes in industrial practice. The main advantage of the proposed approach is the possibility to specify the required performance before the design algorithm implementation. Identification of characteristic data of the black-box type plant with varying parameters is carried out using the sine wave excitation signal, thus allowing to design the controller without necessarily knowing the mathematical model of the plant. The proposed approach has been verified on a real-world physical process. (authors)
A Software Tool for Robust PID Design
Garpinger, Olof; Hägglund, Tore
2008-01-01
This paper presents a fast, interactive and easily modifiable software tool for robust PID design. The Matlab based program is supposed to give people with moderate knowledge on PID control a possibility to learn more and also be a future part of an autotuner. The PID design is made by minimizing the integrated absolute error value during a load disturbance on the process input. The optimization is performed with H-infinity constraints on the sensitivity and complementary sensitivity function...
Pei, L.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; Soyars, W.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.; DeGraff, B.; Darve, C.
2012-01-01
The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter ...
Multiobjective Optimization Design of a Fractional Order PID Controller for a Gun Control System
Qiang Gao; Jilin Chen; Li Wang; Shiqing Xu; Yuanlong Hou
2013-01-01
Motion control of gun barrels is an ongoing topic for the development of gun control equipments possessing excellent performances. In this paper, a typical fractional order PID control strategy is employed for the gun control system. To obtain optimal parameters of the controller, a multiobjective optimization scheme is developed from the loop-shaping perspective. To solve the specified nonlinear optimization problem, a novel Pareto optimal solution based multiobjective differential evolution...
Simplified Universal Intelligent PID Controller
Mohamed I. Abu El- Sebah
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Many researches give a great attention to invent different techniques for process controller application. All of them tend to simplify the controller design algorithm and make it more intelligent, but the two goals seem to be an opposite goals. Although the artificial intelligent controller is proper, they need sometimes a complicated algorithm and parameter adaptation process. This paper presents a new idea to simplify the process controller, also to make it an intelligent controller. Moreover, the proposed controller is used as universal controller. The paper also contains details of the controller design and development. This Simplified Universal Intelligent PID (SUI-PID controller is designed to yield a good command tracking for different systems. The proposed controller can be designed using a very simple logic algorithm. This algorithm adapts the controller parameters automatically, therefore no need for controller adaptation. The proposed controller is simulated using Matlab Simulation software package and applied to different systems to verify the controller properties effectiveness. The simulation results illustrate an excellent performance of the proposed controller, which used as a universal controller for any system.
Design a Novel SISO Off-line Tuning of Modified PID Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller
Ali Shahcheraghi
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller (FSMC is the most widely used control strategy in the Industry (control of robotic arm. The popularity of PID FSMC controllers can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID FSMC controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing. Biologically inspired evolutionary strategies have gained importance over other strategies because of their consistent performance over wide range of process models and their flexibility. This paper analyses the modified PID FSMC controllers based on minimum rule base for flexible robot manipulator system and test the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
Relationship between fuzzy controllers and PID controllers
李洪兴
1999-01-01
The internal relations between fuzzy controllers and PID controllers are revealed. First, it is pointed out that a fuzzy controller with one input and one output is just a piecewise P controller. Then it is proved that a fuzzy controller with two inputs and one output is just a piecewise PD (or I) controller with interaction between P and D (or PI). At last, the conclusion that a fuzzy controller with three inputs and one output is just a piecewise PID controller with interaction among P, I and D is given. Moreover, a kind of difference scheme of fuzzy controllers is designed.
The Design of Inverted Pendulum System Based on Virtual Prototype Technology and PID Control
2010-01-01
<正>A design scheme of a single Inverted Pendulum Virtual Prototype based on the combination of software and hardware is introduced.It uses hardware platform of C8051F020 single chip and the software of Matlab,Visual Basic and Kingview.It can simulate the force and movement of Inverted Pendulum expediently and intuitively.The combination of software and hardware makes the system closer to the reality.The concrete scheme is introduced in the paper and the result of PID control which verifies the correctness of the scheme.
PID Controllers Design Applied to Positioning of Ball on the Stewart Platform
Koszewnik Andrzej
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The paper presents the design and practical implementation of PID controllers for a Stewart platform. The platform uses a resistance touch panel as a sensor and servo motors as actuators. The complete control system stabilizing the ball on the platform is realized with the Arduino microcontroller and the Matlab/Simulink software. Two processes required to acquire measurement signals from the touch panel in two perpendicular directions X and Y, are discussed. The first process includes the calibration of the touch panel, and the second process - the filtering of measurement signals with the low pass Butterworth filter. The obtained signals are used to design the algorithm of the ball stabilization by decoupling the global system into two local subsystems. The algorithm is implemented in a soft real time system. The parameters of both PID controllers (PIDx and PIDy are tuned by the trial-error method and implemented in the microcontroller. Finally, the complete control system is tested at the laboratory stand.
Automatic PID Control Loops Design for Performance Improvement of Cryogenic Turboexpander
Cryogenics field involves temperature below 123 K which is much less than ambient temperature. In addition, many industrially important physical processes—from fulfilling the needs of National Thermonuclear Fusion programs, superconducting magnets to treatment of cutting tools and preservation of blood cells, require extreme low temperature. The low temperature required for liquefaction of common gases can be obtained by several processes. Liquefaction is the process of cooling or refrigerating a gas to a temperature below its critical temperature so that liquid can be formed at some suitable pressure which is below the critical pressure. Helium liquefier is used for the liquefaction process of helium gas. In general, the Helium Refrigerator/Liquefier (HRL) needs turboexpander as expansion machine to produce cooling effect which is further used for the production of liquid helium. Turboexpanders, a high speed device that is supported on gas bearings, are the most critical component in many helium refrigeration systems. A very minor fault in the operation and manufacturing or impurities in the helium gas can destroy the turboexpander. However, since the performance of expanders is dependent on a number of operating parameters and the relations between them are quite complex, the instrumentation and control system design for turboexpander needs special attention. The inefficiency of manual control leads to the need of designing automatic control loops for turboexpander. Proper design and implementation of the control loops plays an important role in the successful operation of the cryogenic turboexpander. The PID control loops has to be implemented with accurate interlocks and logic to enhance the performance of the cryogenic turboexpander. For different normal and off-normal operations, speeds will be different and hence a proper control method for critical rotational speed avoidance is must. This paper presents the design of PID control loops needed for the
Design High-Efficiency Intelligent PID like Fuzzy Backstepping Controller for Three Dimension Motor
Mahsa Piltan
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The minimum rule base Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy backstepping Controller for three dimensions spherical motor is presented in this research. The popularity of PID Fuzzy backstepping controller can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID Fuzzy backstepping controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing. PID methodology has three inputs and if any input is described with seven linguistic values, and any rule has three conditions we will need 7 × 7 × 7 = 343 rules. It is too much work to write 343 rules. In this research the PID-like fuzzy controller can be constructed as a parallel structure of a PI-like controller and a PD-like fuzzy controller to have the minimum rule base. However backstepping controller is work based on cancelling decoupling and nonlinear terms of dynamic parameters of each dimension, this controller is work based on spherical motor dynamic model and this technique is highly sensitive to the knowledge of all parameters of nonlinear three dimension spherical motor’s dynamic equation. This research is used to reduce or eliminate the backstepping controller problem based on minimum rule base fuzzy logic theory to control of spherical motor system and testing of the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
Design High Efficiency-Minimum Rule Base PID Like Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller
Alireza Khalilian
2014-06-01
Full Text Available The minimum rule base Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller is presented in this research. The popularity of PID Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID Fuzzy Computed Torque Controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing. PID methodology has three inputs and if any input is described with seven linguistic values, and any rule has three conditions we will need 343 rules. It is too much work to write 343 rules. In this research the PID-like fuzzy controller can be constructed as a parallel structure of a PD-like fuzzy controller and a PI controller to have the minimum rule base. However computed torque controller is work based on cancelling decoupling and nonlinear terms of dynamic parameters of each link, this controller is work based on manipulator dynamic model and this technique is highly sensitive to the knowledge of all parameters of nonlinear robot manipulator’s dynamic equation. This research is used to reduce or eliminate the computed torque controller problem based on minimum rule base fuzzy logic theory to control of flexible robot manipulator system and testing of the quality of process control in the simulation environment of MATLAB/SIMULINK Simulator.
Designing robust Mixed H /H PID Controllers based Intelligent Genetic Algorithm
Ramzy S. Ali Al-Waily
2011-06-01
Full Text Available - It's not easy to implement the mixed / optimal controller for high order system, since in the conventional mixed / optimal feedback the order of the controller is much than that of the plant. This difficulty had been solved by using the structured specified PID controller. The merit of PID controllers comes from its simple structure, and can meets the industry processes. Also it have some kind of robustness. Even that it's hard to PID to cope the complex control problems such as the uncertainty and the disturbance effects. The present ideas suggests combining some of model control theories with the PID controller to achieve the complicated control problems. One of these ideas is presented in this paper by tuning the PID parameters to achieve the mixed / optimal performance by using Intelligent Genetic Algorithm (IGA. A simple modification is added to IGA in this paper to speed up the optimization search process. Two MIMO example are used during investigation in this paper. Each one of them has different control problem.
Optimal PID Controller Design Based on PSO-RBFNN for Wind Turbine Systems
Jau-Woei Perng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A strategy was proposed to determine the optimal operating point for the proportional-integral-derivative (PID controller of a wind turbine, and identify the stability regions in the parameter space. The proposed approach combined particle swarm optimization (PSO and radial basis function neural network (RBFNN algorithms. These intelligent algorithms are artificial learning mechanisms that can determine the optimal operating points, and were used to generate the function representing the most favorable operating parameters from each parameter of for the stability region of the PID controller. A graphical method was used to determine the 2D or 3D vision boundaries of the PID-type controller space in closed-loop wind turbine systems. The proposed techniques were demonstrated using simulations of a drive train model without time delay and a pitch control model with time delay. Finally, the 3D stability boundaries were determined the proposed graphical approach with and without time delay systems.
Design of an iterative auto-tuning algorithm for a fuzzy PID controller
Since the first application of fuzzy logic in the field of control engineering, it has been extensively employed in controlling a wide range of applications. The human knowledge on controlling complex and non-linear processes can be incorporated into a controller in the form of linguistic terms. However, with the lack of analytical design study it is becoming more difficult to auto-tune controller parameters. Fuzzy logic controller has several parameters that can be adjusted, such as: membership functions, rule-base and scaling gains. Furthermore, it is not always easy to find the relation between the type of membership functions or rule-base and the controller performance. This study proposes a new systematic auto-tuning algorithm to fine tune fuzzy logic controller gains. A fuzzy PID controller is proposed and applied to several second order systems. The relationship between the closed-loop response and the controller parameters is analysed to devise an auto-tuning method. The results show that the proposed method is highly effective and produces zero overshoot with enhanced transient response. In addition, the robustness of the controller is investigated in the case of parameter changes and the results show a satisfactory performance.
Design of an iterative auto-tuning algorithm for a fuzzy PID controller
Saeed, Bakhtiar I.; Mehrdadi, B.
2012-05-01
Since the first application of fuzzy logic in the field of control engineering, it has been extensively employed in controlling a wide range of applications. The human knowledge on controlling complex and non-linear processes can be incorporated into a controller in the form of linguistic terms. However, with the lack of analytical design study it is becoming more difficult to auto-tune controller parameters. Fuzzy logic controller has several parameters that can be adjusted, such as: membership functions, rule-base and scaling gains. Furthermore, it is not always easy to find the relation between the type of membership functions or rule-base and the controller performance. This study proposes a new systematic auto-tuning algorithm to fine tune fuzzy logic controller gains. A fuzzy PID controller is proposed and applied to several second order systems. The relationship between the closed-loop response and the controller parameters is analysed to devise an auto-tuning method. The results show that the proposed method is highly effective and produces zero overshoot with enhanced transient response. In addition, the robustness of the controller is investigated in the case of parameter changes and the results show a satisfactory performance.
Cheng-Yu Yeh
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This study aimed at the implementation and synchronization control of cardiac circuit. First, the MATLAB-Simulink was used to simulate the dynamic behavior of cardiac chaotic circuit, and simple electronic modules were used to implement the cardiac system. Then the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO was used to seek for the proportional, integral, and derivative gains of optimal PID controller, and the PID controller which could synchronize the slave cardiac circuit and the master cardiac circuit was obtained, in order to synchronize the master/slave chaotic cardiac circuits. This method can be provided for cardiac doctors to diagnose and medicate cardiac abnormality.
Multiobjective Optimization Design of a Fractional Order PID Controller for a Gun Control System
Qiang Gao
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Motion control of gun barrels is an ongoing topic for the development of gun control equipments possessing excellent performances. In this paper, a typical fractional order PID control strategy is employed for the gun control system. To obtain optimal parameters of the controller, a multiobjective optimization scheme is developed from the loop-shaping perspective. To solve the specified nonlinear optimization problem, a novel Pareto optimal solution based multiobjective differential evolution algorithm is proposed. To enhance the convergent rate of the optimization process, an opposition based learning method is embedded in the chaotic population initialization process. To enhance the robustness of the algorithm for different problems, an adapting scheme of the mutation operation is further employed. With assistance of the evolutionary algorithm, the optimal solution for the specified problem is selected. The numerical simulation results show that the control system can rapidly follow the demand signal with high accuracy and high robustness, demonstrating the efficiency of the proposed controller parameter tuning method.
Li, Mingjie; Zhou, Ping; Zhao, Zhicheng; Zhang, Jinggang
2016-03-01
Recently, fractional order (FO) processes with dead-time have attracted more and more attention of many researchers in control field, but FO-PID controllers design techniques available for the FO processes with dead-time suffer from lack of direct systematic approaches. In this paper, a simple design and parameters tuning approach of two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) FO-PID controller based on internal model control (IMC) is proposed for FO processes with dead-time, conventional one-degree-of-freedom control exhibited the shortcoming of coupling of robustness and dynamic response performance. 2-DOF control can overcome the above weakness which means it realizes decoupling of robustness and dynamic performance from each other. The adjustable parameter η2 of FO-PID controller is directly related to the robustness of closed-loop system, and the analytical expression is given between the maximum sensitivity specification Ms and parameters η2. In addition, according to the dynamic performance requirement of the practical system, the parameters η1 can also be selected easily. By approximating the dead-time term of the process model with the first-order Padé or Taylor series, the expressions for 2-DOF FO-PID controller parameters are derived for three classes of FO processes with dead-time. Moreover, compared with other methods, the proposed method is simple and easy to implement. Finally, the simulation results are given to illustrate the effectiveness of this method. PMID:26753617
Maitraye Sen
2014-05-01
Full Text Available In this work, a hybrid MPC (model predictive control-PID (proportional-integral-derivative control system has been designed for the continuous purification and processing framework of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs. The specific unit operations associated with the purification and processing of API have been developed from first-principles and connected in a continuous framework in the form of a flowsheet model. These integrated unit operations are highly interactive along with the presence of process delays. Therefore, a hybrid MPC-PID is a promising alternative to achieve the desired control loop performance as mandated by the regulatory authorities. The integrated flowsheet model has been simulated in gPROMSTM (Process System Enterprise, London, UK. This flowsheet model has been linearized in order to design the control scheme. The ability to track the set point and reject disturbances has been evaluated. A comparative study between the performance of the hybrid MPC-PID and a PID-only control scheme has been presented. The results show that an enhanced control loop performance can be obtained under the hybrid control scheme and demonstrate that such a scheme has high potential in improving the efficiency of pharmaceutical manufacturing operations.
A GA-based PID active queue management control design for TCP/IP networks
In this paper, a genetic algorithm-based (GA-based) proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller as an active queue manager for Internet routers is proposed to reduce packet loss and improve network utilization in TCP/IP networks. Based on the window-based nonlinear dynamics, the TCP network was modeled as a time-delayed system with a saturated input due to the limitations of packet-dropping probability and the effects of propagation delays in TCP networks. An improved genetic algorithm is employed to derive optimal or near optimal PID control gains such that a performance index of integrated-absolute error (IAE) in terms of the error between the router queue length and the desired queue length is minimized. The performance of the proposed control scheme was evaluated in various network scenarios via a series of numerical simulations. The simulation results confirm that the proposed scheme outperforms other AQM schemes
Meysam Gheisarnezhad
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Fractional-order PID (FOPID controller is a generalization of standard PID controller using fractional calculus. Compared with the Standard PID controller, two adjustable variables “differential order” and “integral order” are added to the PID controller.Three tank system is a nonlinear multivariable process that is a good prototype of chemical industrial processes. Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (COA, that was recently introduced has shown its good performance in optimization problems. In this study, Improved Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (ICOA has been presented. The aim of the paper is to compare different controllers tuned with a Improved Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (ICOA for Three Tank System. In order to compare the performance of the optimized FOPID controller with other controllers, Genetic Algorithm(GA, Particle swarm optimization (PSO, Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (COA and Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA.
Application of Proposed Improved Relay Tuning for Design of Optimum PID Control of SOPTD Model
S.A. Misal
2012-10-01
Full Text Available The coupled tank liquid level control system approximated by the second order plus time delay (SOPTD model was considered and the proposed improved relay tuning method was applied to calculate the corrected ultimate gain (Ku. It was found that the error in calculation of ultimate gain by proposed methods has been reduced considerably than that of conventional method. The corrected Ku was used to estimate optimum PID parameters by Ziegler Nichols method. The closed loop response was obtained using optimum values of PID parameters and compared with that of conventional method. It was found that the Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE has been decreased and robustness has been increased by proposed method I & II as compared to that of conventional method. Hence the proposed improved relay tuning method gives better performance
Ahmed Sabah Al-Araji
2014-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the speed control of the real DC motor is experimentally investigated using nonlinear PID neural network controller. As a simple and fast tuning algorithm, two optimization techniques are used; trial and error method and particle swarm optimization PSO algorithm in order to tune the nonlinear PID neural controller's parameters and to find best speed response of the DC motor. To save time in the real system, a Matlab simulation package is used to carry out these algorithms to tune and find the best values of the nonlinear PID parameters. Then these parameters are used in the designed real time nonlinear PID controller system based on LabVIEW package. Simulation and experimental results are compared with each other and showed the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm in terms of fast and smooth dynamic response for the speed control of the real DC motor.
Xingguo Lu
2016-05-01
Full Text Available In this work, we propose a new method for the optimal design and tuning of a Proportional Integral-Derivative type (PID-type interval type-2 fuzzy logic controller (IT2 FLC for Delta parallel robot trajectory tracking control. The presented methodology starts with an optimal design problem of IT2 FLC. A group of IT2 FLCs are obtained by blurring the membership functions using a variable called blurring degree. By comparing the performance of the controllers, the optimal structure of IT2 FLC is obtained. Then, a multi-objective optimization problem is formulated to tune the scaling factors of the PID-type IT2 FLC. The Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II is adopted to solve the constrained nonlinear multi-objective optimization problem. Simulation results of the optimized controller are presented and discussed regarding application in the Delta parallel robot. The proposed method provides an effective way to design and tune the PID-type IT2 FLC with a desired control performance.
Implementation of PID and Fuzzy PID controllers for Temperature control in CSTR
S. Srinivasulu Raju
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR is an important subject in chemical process and offering a diverse range of researches in the area of the chemical and control engineering. Various control approaches have been applied on CSTR to control its parameters. This paper gives the demonstration about the temperature control of CSTR reactor using a fuzzy PID controller to meet the desired temperature in presence of set point changes. The parameters of PID controller can be calculated by conducting Relay feedback on process. Fuzzy logic is one of the most successful applications of fuzzy set in which the variables are linguistic rather than numeric. The development of an effective methodology for the design of such control systems undoubtedly requires the synthesis of many concepts from artificial intelligence. The most commonly used controller in the industry field is the PID controller. Fuzzy logic controller (FLC provides an alternative to PID controller, especially when the available system models are inexact or unavailable. A FLC is based on a set of control rules (fuzzy rules among linguistic variables. CSTR system is a typical chemical reactor system with complex non-linear dynamic characteristics. The fuzzy PID control algorithm is designed for the flow process station to improve the control performance better than the conventional PID controller. PID controller works well only if the mathematical model of the system could be computed. Hence it is difficult to implement PID control for variable as well as complicated systems. The proposed method can be used to realize data process and advanced control to improve the quality of the control. The simulation is carried out and the simulation results present the flexibility of the CSTR temperature control.
The Parrot UAV Controlled by PID Controllers
Koszewnik Andrzej
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The paper presents the process of modeling and designing control laws for four-rotor type of the Parrot UAV. The state space model is obtained by using several phenomena like gyroscopic effects for rigid bodies, propellers and rotors. The obtained model has been used to design PID control laws for roll, pitch, yaw angle and altitude, respectively. The numerical simulations of the closed loop model are shown that system in satisfy way stabilize flight of the quadro-rotor in all considered directions.
Robust PID design based on static H∞ loop-shaping method for steam generator water level control
The problem for control of steam generator water level is complex because its complicated shrink and parameters of its model vary with operation conditions. Static H∞ loop shaping is used to design the robust PID controller for the steam generator. Simulation results show that the control efficiency of this scheme is better than that of the other three H∞ loop shaping based methods, and the derived controller has good reference tracking capability, distribution rejection ability and acceptable control performance at different operation points. (authors)
Back stepping-Based-PID-Controller Designed for an Artificial Pancreas model
ShaimaMahmou Mahdi
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Artificial pancreas is simulated to handle Type I diabetic patients under intensive care by automatically controlling the insulin infusion rate. A Backstepping technique is used to apply the effect of PID controller to blood glucose level since there is no direct relation between insulin infusion (the manipulated variable and glucose level in Bergmans system model subjected to an oral glucose tolerance test by applying a meal translated into a disturbance. Backstepping technique is usually recommended to stabilize and control the states of Bergman's class of nonlinear systems. The results showed a very satisfactory behavior of glucose deviation to a sudden rise represented by the meal that increase the blood glucose
Design of a Control System for an Autonomous Vehicle Based on Adaptive-PID
Pan Zhao
2012-07-01
Full Text Available The autonomous vehicle is a mobile robot integrating multi‐sensor navigation and positioning, intelligent decision making and control technology. This paper presents the control system architecture of the autonomous vehicle, called “Intelligent Pioneer”, and the path tracking and stability of motion to effectively navigate in unknown environments is discussed. In this approach, a two degree‐of‐freedom dynamic model is developed to formulate the path‐tracking problem in state space format. For controlling the instantaneous path error, traditional controllers have difficulty in guaranteeing performance and stability over a wide range of parameter changes and disturbances. Therefore, a newly developed adaptive‐PID controller will be used. By using this approach the flexibility of the vehicle control system will be increased and achieving great advantages. Throughout, we provide examples and results from Intelligent Pioneer and the autonomous vehicle using this approach competed in the 2010 and 2011 Future Challenge of China. Intelligent Pioneer finished all of the competition programmes and won first position in 2010 and third position in 2011.
Highlights: • Multi-objective optimization based fractional order controller is designed for HTRS. • NSGAII is improved by iterative chaotic map with infinite collapses (ICMIC) operator. • ISE and ITSE are as chosen as objective functions in tuning parameters of HTRS. • FOPID controller outperforms the PID controller under various running conditions. • Trade-off between speed of reference tracking and damping of oscillation are shown. - Abstract: Fractional-order PID (FOPID) controller is a generalization of traditional PID controller using fractional calculus. Compared to the traditional PID controller, in FOPID controller, the order of derivative portion and integral portion is not integer, which provides more flexibility in achieving control objectives. Design stage of such an FOPID controller consists of determining five parameters, i.e. proportional, integral and derivative gains {Kp, Ki, Kd}, and extra integration and differentiation orders {λ,μ}, which has a large difference comparing with the conventional PID tuning rules, thus a suitable optimization algorithm is essential to the parameters tuning of FOPID controller. This paper focuses on the design of the FOPID controller using chaotic non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGAII) for hydraulic turbine regulating system (HTRS). The parameters chosen of the FOPID controller is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem, in which the objective functions are composed by the integral of the squared error (ISE) and integral of the time multiplied squared error (ITSE). The chaotic NSGAII algorithm, which is an incorporation of chaotic behaviors into NSGAII, is used as the optimizer to search true Pareto-front of the FOPID controller and designers can implement each of them based on objective functions priority. The designed chaotic NSGAII based FOPID controller procedure is applied to a HTRS system. A comparison study between the optimum integer order PID controller and optimum
Using PLC for Custom-design of a PID/PWM Program to Control a Heater Temperature
Mohammad A.K. Alia
2007-01-01
Full Text Available This is a practical approach to control a continuous-time process variable (temperature using a discrete controller (PLC and a custom-designed software control algorithm and hardware interface, in a closed-loop system. Unlike the conventionally known technique of transforming a digital control action into a proportional analogue one by a D/A converter followed by power amplifier, the control action was formed internally by the PLC as a PID/PWM signal, which was used to trigger the power stage. This approach helped reducing the error due D/A conversion, maximized utilization of the PLC and reduced total cost. The control system is realized by utilizing the heater of the training board (RGT1, manufactured by DL-lorenzo Company and it simulates an analogue heating control system. The PLC is Siemens Simatic S7-214 model. An experimental result has shown that the control algorithm functions perfectly.
Bikash Dey
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper present three different control strategies based on PI Control, PID control and Two degree of freedom PID control for Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR.CSTR which offers a diverse range of application in the field of chemical engineering as well as in the control engineering and is an attractive research area for process control researchers. Our objective is to control the temperature of CSTR in presence of the set point. MATLAB SIMULINK software is used for model design and simulation
Convergence performance comparisons of PID, MRAC, and PID + MRAC hybrid controller
Zhang, Dan; Wei, Bin
2016-05-01
This study proposes a hybrid controller by combining a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control and a model reference adaptive control (MRAC), which named as PID + MRAC controller. The convergence performances of the PID control, MRAC, and hybrid PID + MRAC are also compared. Through the simulation in Matlab, the results show that the convergence speed and performance of the MRAC and the PID + MRAC controller are better than those of the PID controller. In addition, the convergence performance of the hybrid control is better than that of the MRAC control.
Hualong Xie
2015-04-01
Full Text Available A biped robot with heterogeneous legs (BRHL is proposed to provide an ideal test-bed for intelligent bionic legs (IBL. To make artificial leg gait better suited to a human, a four-bar mechanism is used as its knee joint, and a pneumatic artificial muscle (PAM is used as its driving source. The static mathematical model of PAM is established and the mechanical model of a single degree of freedom of a knee joint driven by PAM is analyzed. A control simulation of an artificial leg based on PID control algorithm is carried out and the simulation results indicate that the artificial leg can simulate precisely a normal human walking gait.
In any of the control applications, controller design is the most important part. There are different types of controller architectures available in control literature. In this research work, various low order plus dead time transfer function models of industrial boiler and heat exchanger are considered. A PI/PID controller is used to control various processes that involve boiler and heat exchanger. This comprise of controlling of parameters such as temperature, pressure, flow and level. The technique used for designing the controller is known as Internal Model Control. The designed controller has to give optimal control results irrespective of undesired situation like plant and equipment saturation. So the performance and stability is tested and verified for Linear Time Invariant Systems. (author)
PID controller simulator software for DC motor of gamma scanning
Mostly PID controller (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) has been used in industry. For certain applications, it can be used as a Proportional (P) model only, or as a Proportional-Integral (PI) model. The aim of this paper is to design a PID controller simulator software for DC motor which is used in gamma scanning system. A DC motor is described as a plant of SISO (Single Input Single Output) which is used for pulling down the load (detector + casing) and gamma radiation source (Co-60 + container) by using sling cable. A DC motor consist of an armature and a rotor, the equivalent circuit of DC motor is shown in a transfer function equation between output parameter (angular speed DC motor) and input parameter (voltage of DC motor). Methods used for the process of PID controller design is to arrange the PID controller parameter (Kc, Ti, Td) so that there are more PID controller transfer function model which are able to control angular speed of DC motor in stable condition, as design criteria requirement is needed. Design criteria requirement for control system are the settling time < 3 second, overshoot < 5%, rise time = 0.25 second, steady state gain = 1 and peak time < 3 second with step response reference 1 rad/second. The result of simulation gives several models of PID controller in function transfer equation which is similar with design criteria requirement in a equation of function transfer of order 2 for numerator and order 1 for denominator. (author)
Model Reference PID Control of an Electro-hydraulic Drive
Ayman A. Aly
2012-01-01
Hydraulic cranes are inherently nonlinear and contain components exhibiting strong friction, saturation, variable inertia mechanical loads, etc. The characteristics of these non-linear components are usually not known exactly as structure or parameters. For these reasons, tuning of the traditional PID controller parameters to control this system for the required performance faces a strong challenge. In this paper a new approach to design an adaptive PID control has the ability to solve the co...
Simplified Universal Intelligent PID Controller
Mohamed I. Abu El- Sebah
2016-01-01
Many researches give a great attention to invent different techniques for process controller application. All of them tend to simplify the controller design algorithm and make it more intelligent, but the two goals seem to be an opposite goals. Although the artificial intelligent controller is proper, they need sometimes a complicated algorithm and parameter adaptation process. This paper presents a new idea to simplify the process controller, also to make it an intellige...
Remote PID control of a DC Motor
Silva, V.; Carvalho, V.; R. M. Vasconcelos; Soares, F.
2007-01-01
This paper presents a remote experiment for controlling a DC motor. This work was part of a final year graduation project of the Industrial Electronics Course at the University of Minho. It was implemented by an undergraduate student for student use. The experiment is controlled using a PID algorithm programmed in LabView environment. The remote user can test PID digital algorithms and parameters, change reference velocity values and register the motor output velocity profile.
PID control with robust disturbance feedback control
Kawai, Fukiko; Vinther, Kasper; Andersen, Palle;
2015-01-01
Disturbance Feedback Control (DFC) is a technique, originally proposed by Fuji Electric, for augmenting existing control systems with an extra feedback for attenuation of disturbances and model errors. In this work, we analyze the robustness and performance of a PID-based control system with DFC. A...... multiplicative uncertainty model is used to represent mismatch between a nominal model and the actual plant, and expressions for robust stability, nominal and robust performance are derived. We propose a simple grid-based search algorithm that can be used to find DFC gains to achieve robust stability and...
A Practical Application of IMC-PID Controller in Unmanned Vehicle
Qin Gang; Song Le; Hu Ling
2013-01-01
In allusion to unmanned vehicle steering control of the brushless DC motor control system, traditional PID controller parameter adjustment complex, weak ability to adapt to the environment and other issues, on the basis of the analysis of internal model control and classical PID control internal corresponding relationship, comprehensive its advantages, The design uses a brushless DC motor in the steering control system for unmanned vehicles based on the internal model PID controller ( IMC-PID...
Tuning PID Controller Using Multiobjective Ant Colony Optimization
Pierre Borne; Noureddine Liouane; Ibtissem Chiha
2012-01-01
This paper treats a tuning of PID controllers method using multiobjective ant colony optimization. The design objective was to apply the ant colony algorithm in the aim of tuning the optimum solution of the PID controllers (Kp, Ki, and Kd) by minimizing the multiobjective function. The potential of using multiobjective ant algorithms is to identify the Pareto optimal solution. The other methods are applied to make comparisons between a classic approach based on the “Ziegler-Nichols” method an...
Criteria and Trade-offs in PID Design
Garpinger, Olof; Hägglund, Tore; Åström, Karl Johan
2012-01-01
Control design is a rich problem which requires that many issues such as load disturbances and set-point responses, model uncertainty, and measurement noise are taken into account. These issues are discussed for design of PI and PID controllers. The purpose is to give insight into the different criteria and their trade-offs, not to give specific tuning methods.
PID Controller Stabilization for First-order Integral Processes with Time Delay
无
2006-01-01
Due to the widespread application of the PID controller in industrial control systems, it is desirable to know the complete set of all the stabilizing PID controllers for a given plant before the controller design and tuning. In this paper,the stabilization problems of the classical proportionalintegral-derivative (PID) controller and the singleparameter PID controller (containing only one adjustable parameter) for integral processes with time delay are investigated, respectively. The complete set of stabilizing parameters of the classical PID controller is determined using a version of the Hermite-Biehler Theorem applicable to quasipolynomials. Since the stabilization problem of the single-parameter PID controller cannot be treated by the Hermite-Biehler Theorem, a simple method called duallocus diagram is employed to derive the stabilizing range of the single-parameter PID controller. These results provide insight into the tuning of the PID controllers.
Ahmed Sabah Al-Araji
2014-01-01
In this paper, the speed control of the real DC motor is experimentally investigated using nonlinear PID neural network controller. As a simple and fast tuning algorithm, two optimization techniques are used; trial and error method and particle swarm optimization PSO algorithm in order to tune the nonlinear PID neural controller's parameters and to find best speed response of the DC motor. To save time in the real system, a Matlab simulation package is used to carry out these algorithms to tu...
Fractional order PID controller for load frequency control
Highlights: • The manuscript shows the design of FOPID controller for the load frequency control. • Performance of FOPID is given for non-reheated, reheated and hydro turbine. • Performance of FOPID is compared to IMC-PID and reduced order IMC-PID design scheme. • Performance of FOPID is better than the existing techniques. - Abstract: Load frequency control (LFC) plays a very important role in providing quality power both in the case of isolated as well as interconnected power systems. In order to maintain good quality power supply, the LFC should possess robustness toward the parametric uncertainty of the system and good disturbance rejection capability. The fractional order controller has the properties such as, eliminating steady state error, robustness toward plant gain variations and also good disturbance rejection. This makes the fractional order PID (FOPID) controller quite suitable for the LFC. Therefore, in this paper a FOPID is designed for single area LFC for all three types of turbines i.e., non-reheated, reheated and hydro turbines. It is observed that the FOPID controller shows better robustness toward ±50% parametric uncertainty and disturbance rejection capability than the existing techniques. Finally, the optimization of controller parameters and robustness evaluation of the control technique is done on the basis of the integral error criterion
D. RAMA REDDY
2012-07-01
Full Text Available This paper describes the stability regions of PID (Proportional +Integral+ Derivative and a new PID with series leading correction (SLC for Networked control system with time delay. The new PID controller has a tuning parameter ‘β’. The relation between β, KP, KI and KD is derived. The effect of plant parameters on stabilityregion of PID controllers and SLC-PID controllers in first-order and second-order systems with time delay are also studied. Finally, an open-loop zero was inserted into the plant-unstable second order system with time delay so that the stability regions of PID and SLC-PID controllers get effectively enlarged. The total system isimplemented using MATLAB/Simulink.
Seltzer, S. M.
1976-01-01
The problem discussed is to design a digital controller for a typical satellite. The controlled plant is considered to be a rigid body acting in a plane. The controller is assumed to be a digital computer which, when combined with the proposed control algorithm, can be represented as a sampled-data system. The objective is to present a design strategy and technique for selecting numerical values for the control gains (assuming position, integral, and derivative feedback) and the sample rate. The technique is based on the parameter plane method and requires that the system be amenable to z-transform analysis.
PID Controller Based on Memristive CMAC Network
Lidan Wang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Compound controller which consists of CMAC network and PID network is mainly used in control system, especially in robot control. It can realize nonlinear tracking control of the real-time dynamic trajectory and possesses good approximation effect. According to the structure and principle of the compound controller, memristor is introduced to CMAC network to be a compound controller in this paper. The new PID controller based on memristive CMAC network is built up by replacing the synapse in the original controller by memristors. The effect of curve approximation is obtained by MATLAB simulation experiments. This network improves the response and learning speed of the system and processes better robustness and antidisturbance performance.
A toolbox for robust PID controller tuning using convex optimization
Sadeghpour, Mehdi; de Oliveira, Vinicius; Karimi, Alireza
2012-01-01
A robust PID controller design toolbox for Matlab is presented in this paper. The design is based on linearizing or convexifying the conventional non-convex constraints on the classical robustness margins or H∞ constraints. Then the existing optimization solvers can be used to compute the controller parameters. The software can be used in a wide range of controller design problems, including multi-model systems and gain-scheduled controllers. The models can be parametric or non-parametric whi...
A Practical Application of IMC-PID Controller in Unmanned Vehicle
Qin Gang
2013-06-01
Full Text Available In allusion to unmanned vehicle steering control of the brushless DC motor control system, traditional PID controller parameter adjustment complex, weak ability to adapt to the environment and other issues, on the basis of the analysis of internal model control and classical PID control internal corresponding relationship, comprehensive its advantages, The design uses a brushless DC motor in the steering control system for unmanned vehicles based on the internal model PID controller ( IMC-PID for speed. Based on the build object theoretical model, online simulation controller show that, for the design objects, based on the internal model PID controller whether the system step response or disturbance tracking control effect can reach the classic PID control requirements, also reduces the complexity and randomness of the design parameters.
Farzin Piltan
2011-10-01
Full Text Available In this study, an on-line tunable gain model free PID-like fuzzy controller (GTFLC is designed for three degrees of freedom (3DOF robot manipulator to rich the best performance. Fuzzy logic controller is studied because of its model free and high performance. Today, robot manipulators are used in unknown and unstructured environment and caused to provide sophisticated systems, therefore strong mathematical tools are used in new control methodologies to design adaptive nonlinear robust controller with acceptable performance (e.g., minimum error, good trajectory, disturbance rejection. The strategies of control robot manipulator are classified into two main groups: classical and non-classical methods, however non linear classical theories have been applied successfully in many applications, but they also have some limitation. One of the most important nonlinear non classical robust controller that can used in uncertainty nonlinear systems, are fuzzy logic controller. This paper is focuses on applied mathematical tunable gain method in robust non classical method to reduce the fuzzy logic controller limitations. Therefore on-line tunable PID like fuzzy logic controller will be presented in this paper.
Farzin Piltan, N. Sulaiman, Arash Zargari, Mohammad Keshavarz & Ali Badri
2011-10-01
Full Text Available In this study, an on-line tunable gain model free PID-like fuzzy controller (GTFLC is designed forthree degrees of freedom (3DOF robot manipulator to rich the best performance. Fuzzy logiccontroller is studied because of its model free and high performance. Today, robot manipulatorsare used in unknown and unstructured environment and caused to provide sophisticated systems,therefore strong mathematical tools are used in new control methodologies to design adaptivenonlinear robust controller with acceptable performance (e.g., minimum error, good trajectory,disturbance rejection. The strategies of control robot manipulator are classified into two maingroups: classical and non-classical methods, however non linear classical theories have beenapplied successfully in many applications, but they also have some limitation. One of the mostimportant nonlinear non classical robust controller that can used in uncertainty nonlinear systems,are fuzzy logic controller. This paper is focuses on applied mathematical tunable gain method inrobust non classical method to reduce the fuzzy logic controller limitations. Therefore on-linetunable PID like fuzzy logic controller will be presented in this paper.
Setpoint Weighted PID Controller for the Electromechanical Actuator in Spacecraft
R. Sumathi
2014-05-01
Full Text Available An intelligent control system for the rocket engine during electromechanical stage is designed and scrutinized in this paper. The rocket is the only vehicle that lift-offs the spacecraft in the space. But, the motion of the rocket can be influenced by internal and external disturbances. Furthermore, the rocket is a multi-input and multi-output nonlinear system whose dynamics are unstable and poorly understood. So the orientation of the spacecraft in precise position is so critical. Hence, attitude control of the rocket is a big challenge with real time. To make the rocket stable against the influences, this paper has examined the control technology such as linear quadratic regulator theory and setpoint weighted proportional integral derivative controller based on the two degree of freedom mathematical model. The transient behaviour of the LQR controller is not smooth and takes more time to settle in the defined position. Specific to the deficiencies of LQR, a setpoint weighted PID controller is proposed to improve the setpoint response. In conclusion, this paper compares the performance analysis of linear quadratic regulator and setpoint weighted PID controller. The simulation results indicate that the setpoint weighted PID controller has a remarkable improvement in terms of overshoot and settling time besides reducing steady state error. The proposed setpoint weighted PID controller enhances the system performance and produces enormous stability to the rocket engine.
Wind turbine pitch control using ICPSO-PID algorithm
Xu, Chang; Tian, Qiangqiang; Shen, Wen Zhong;
2013-01-01
For the traditional simplified first-order pitch-control system model, it is difficult to describe a real dynamic characteristic of a variable pitch action system, thus a complete high order mathematical model has to be developed for the pitch control of wind turbine generation (WTG). In the paper......, a pitch controller was designed based on power and wind speed and by considering the inertia and delay characteristics of a pitch-control system to achieve a constant power output when a wind speed was beyond the rated one. A novel ICPSO-PID control algorithm was proposed based on a combination of...... controller parameters quickly; and the feed-forward controller for wind speed can improve dynamics of a pitch-control system; additionally the power controller can allow a wind turbine to have a constant power output as a wind speed is over the rated one. Compared with a conventional PID, the controller with...
ROBUST INTERNAL MODEL CONTROL STRATEGY BASED PID CONTROLLER FOR BLDCM
A.PURNA CHANDRA RAO
2010-11-01
Full Text Available All the closed loop control system requires the controller for improvement of transient response of the error signal. Though the tuning of PID controller in real time is bit difficult and moreover it lacks the disturbance rejection capability. This paper presents a tuning of PID parameters based on internal model strategy. The advantageous of the proposed control strategy is well described in the paper. To test the validity of the proposed control, it is implemented in brushless dc motor drive. The mathematical model of brushless dc motor (BLDC is presented for control design. In addition the robustness of the control strategy is discussed. The proposed control strategy possesses good transient responses and good load disturbance response. In addition, the proposed control strategy possesses good tracking ability. To test the effectiveness of the proposed strategy, the BLDC is represented in transfer function model and later implemented in test system. The results are presented to validate the proposed control strategy for BLDC drive.
Model-reference robust tuning of PID controllers
Alfaro, Victor M
2016-01-01
This book presents a unified methodology for the design of PID controllers that encompasses the wide range of different dynamics to be found in industrial processes. This is extended to provide a coherent way of dealing with the tuning of PID controllers. The particular method at the core of the book is the so-called model-reference robust tuning (MoReRT), developed by the authors. MoReRT constitutes a novel and powerful way of thinking of a robust design and taking into account the usual design trade-offs encountered in any control design problem. The book starts by presenting the different two-degree-of-freedom PID control algorithm variations and their conversion relations as well as the indexes used for performance, robustness and fragility evaluation:the bases of the proposed model. Secondly, the MoReRT design methodology and normalized controlled process models and controllers used in the design are described in order to facilitate the formulation of the different design problems and subsequent derivati...
ROBUST INTERNAL MODEL CONTROL STRATEGY BASED PID CONTROLLER FOR BLDCM
A.PURNA CHANDRA RAO; Y. P. OBULESU,; CH. SAI BABU
2010-01-01
All the closed loop control system requires the controller for improvement of transient response of the error signal. Though the tuning of PID controller in real time is bit difficult and moreover it lacks the disturbance rejection capability. This paper presents a tuning of PID parameters based on internal model strategy. The advantageous of the proposed control strategy is well described in the paper. To test the validity of the proposed control, it is implemented in brushless dc motor driv...
Fatemeh Masoudnia
2013-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper three optimum approaches to design PID controller for a Gryphon Robot are presented. The three applied approaches are Artificial Bee Colony, Shuffled Frog Leaping algorithms and nero-fuzzy system. The design goal is to minimize the integral absolute error and reduce transient response by minimizing overshoot, settling time and rise time of step response. An Objective function of these indexes is defined and minimized applying Shuffled Frog Leaping (SFL algorithm, Artificial Bee Colony (ABC algorithm and Nero-Fuzzy System (FNN. After optimization of the objective function, the optimal parameters for the PID controller are adjusted. Simulation results show that FNN has a remarkable effect on decreasing the amount of settling time and rise-time and eliminating of steady-state error while the SFL algorithm performs better on steady-state error and the ABC algorithm is better on decreasing of overshoot. In steady state manner, all of the methods react robustly to the disturbance, but FNN shows more stability in transient response.
Development of Solar Tracking System Using Imc-Pid Controller
Bamigboye O. Oladayo
2016-06-01
Full Text Available In the past, solar cells are hooked with fixed elevating angles, and it does not track the sun. Therefore the efficiency of the power generation is low. A solar panel receives the most sunlight when it is perpendicular to the sun’s rays, but the sunlight direction changes regularly with changing seasons and weather. There is therefore the need to track the solar panel to increase its efficiency. The stability and improved speed of response can only be achieved with appropriate controller to take care of external disturbances and design uncertainty associated with a conventional controller. The IMC controller would be used to allow good tracking ability and good load disturbance rejection Unconventional controller like fuzzy logic can be used to tune the PID controller andthe result compared with using a conventional controller like ZN. The internal model control based proportional integral derivative design procedure can be implemented in industrial processes using existing proportional integral derivative control equipment. Modeling of a dual axis solar tracker. An IMC-PID controller was developed for a dual axis solar tracker. The result of this work showed that the IMC-PID controller provided an efficient and commendable improvement in the relative stability, disturbance attenuation, set point tracking and an improved speed of response for the system
Tuning of PID Controller for A Linear Brushless DC Motor using Swarm Intelligence Technique
Pooja Sharma,
2014-05-01
Full Text Available An Optimal Design of PID Controller is proposed in this paper. The Methodology of PSO Algorithm is utilized to search the optimal parameters of Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Controller for BLDC Motor. PSO is an Evolutionary Optimization Technique. A Linear Brushless DC Motors are known for higher efficiency and lower maintenance. The Brushless DC Motor is modeled in Simulink & tuning of PID controller using PSO is implemented in MATLAB. This Method was more efficient for Step Response Characteristics.
Tuning of PID Controller for A Linear Brushless DC Motor using Swarm Intelligence Technique
Pooja Sharma; Rajeev Gupta
2014-01-01
An Optimal Design of PID Controller is proposed in this paper. The Methodology of PSO Algorithm is utilized to search the optimal parameters of Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) Controller for BLDC Motor. PSO is an Evolutionary Optimization Technique. A Linear Brushless DC Motors are known for higher efficiency and lower maintenance. The Brushless DC Motor is modeled in Simulink & tuning of PID controller using PSO is implemented in MATLAB. This Method was more efficient ...
Differential Evolution-Based PID Control of Nonlinear Full-Car Electrohydraulic Suspensions
Jimoh O. Pedro
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a differential-evolution- (DE- optimized, independent multiloop proportional-integral-derivative (PID controller design for full-car nonlinear, electrohydraulic suspension systems. The multiloop PID control stabilises the actuator via force feedback and also improves the system performance. Controller gains are computed using manual tuning and through DE optimization to minimise a performance index, which addresses suspension travel, road holding, vehicle handling, ride comfort, and power consumption constraints. Simulation results showed superior performance of the DE-optimized PID-controlled active vehicle suspension system (AVSS over the manually tuned PID-controlled AVSS and the passive vehicle suspension system (PVSS.
Simulation and Tuning of PID Controllers using Evolutionary Algorithms
K.R.S. Narayanan; T. Jayanthi; T. Lakshmi Priyanka; S.A.V. Satya Murty
2012-01-01
The Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controller is the most widely used control strategy in the Industry. The popularity of PID controllers can be attributed to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity. The process of setting of PID controller can be determined as an optimization task. Over the years, use of intelligent strategies for tuning of these controllers has been growing. Biologically inspired evolutionary strateg...
Series pid pitch controller of large wind turbines generator
Micić Aleksandar D.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available For this stable process with oscillatory dynamics, characterized with small damping ratio and dominant transport delay, design of the series PID pitch controller is based on the model obtained from the open-loop process step response, filtered with the second-order Butterworth filter Fbw. Performance of the series PID pitch controller, with the filter Fbw, is analyzed by simulations of the set-point and input/output disturbance responses, including simulations with a colored noise added to the control variable. Excellent performance/robustness tradeoff is obtained, compared to the recently proposed PI pitch controllers and to the modified internal model pitch controller, developed here, which has a natural mechanism to compensate effect of dominant transport delay. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 47016
C Agees Kumar; N.Kesavan Nair
2010-01-01
PID controller is widely used for main steam temperature control of boiler unit in thermal power plant. To avoid the drawback of current PID design methods, this paper presents a new design method for multi-objective PID controller to synthetically consider system requirement in reliability and robustness. Adaptive weighted PSO (AWPSO) technique is applied to the parameter optimization design. The optimization problem considered is highly nonlinear, complex, with multiple objectives and const...
Mutation particle swarm optimization of the BP-PID controller for piezoelectric ceramics
Zheng, Huaqing; Jiang, Minlan
2016-01-01
PID control is the most common used method in industrial control because its structure is simple and it is easy to implement. PID controller has good control effect, now it has been widely used. However, PID method has a few limitations. The overshoot of the PID controller is very big. The adjustment time is long. When the parameters of controlled plant are changing over time, the parameters of controller could hardly change automatically to adjust to changing environment. Thus, it can't meet the demand of control quality in the process of controlling piezoelectric ceramic. In order to effectively control the piezoelectric ceramic and improve the control accuracy, this paper replaced the learning algorithm of the BP with the mutation particle swarm optimization algorithm(MPSO) on the process of the parameters setting of BP-PID. That designed a better self-adaptive controller which is combing the BP neural network based on mutation particle swarm optimization with the conventional PID control theory. This combination is called the MPSO-BP-PID. In the mechanism of the MPSO, the mutation operation is carried out with the fitness variance and the global best fitness value as the standard. That can overcome the precocious of the PSO and strengthen its global search ability. As a result, the MPSO-BP-PID can complete controlling the controlled plant with higher speed and accuracy. Therefore, the MPSO-BP-PID is applied to the piezoelectric ceramic. It can effectively overcome the hysteresis, nonlinearity of the piezoelectric ceramic. In the experiment, compared with BP-PID and PSO-BP-PID, it proved that MPSO is effective and the MPSO-BP-PID has stronger adaptability and robustness.
Predictive PID Control Based on GPC Control of Inverted Pendulum
Safa Bouhajar
2014-05-01
Full Text Available Having regard to the large application of the inverted pendulum in robotic system, this study is interested in controlling this process with two strategies of controls. The first proposed control is the state feedback with an observer based on the Generalized Predictive Control (GPC algorithm. In the second proposed control we used the characteristic of predictive control GPC to improve the performance of the classical PID controller. The obtained results have been discussed and compared; the simulation results obtained by the predictive PID control are mentioned.
Highlights: ► We extend the concept of co-operation and co-evolution in some PSO variants. ► We use developed co-operative PSOs in multivariable PID controller design/tuning. ► We find that co-operative PSOs converge faster and give high quality solutions. ► Dividing the search space among swarms improves search efficiency. ► The proposed methods allow the practitioner for heterogeneous problem formulation. - Abstract: In this paper, multivariable PID controller design based on cooperative and coevolving multiple swarms is demonstrated. A simplified multi-variable MIMO process model of a ball mill pulverizing system with steady state decoupler is considered. In order to formulate computational models of cooperative and coevolving multiple swarms three different algorithms like real coded PSO, discrete binary PSO (DBPSO) and probability based discrete binary PSO (PBPSO) are employed. Simulations are carried out on three composite functions simultaneously considering multiple objectives. The cooperative and coevolving multiple swarms based results are compared with the results obtained through single swarm based methods like real coded particle swarm optimization (PSO), discrete binary PSO (DBPSO), and probability based discrete binary PSO (PBPSO) algorithms. The cooperative and coevolving swarms based techniques outperform the real coded PSO, PBPSO, and the standard discrete binary PSO (DBPSO) algorithm in escaping from local optima. Furthermore, statistical analysis of the simulation results is performed to calculate the comparative reliability of various techniques. All of the techniques employed are suitable for controller tuning, however, the multiple cooperative and coevolving swarms based results are considerably better in terms of mean fitness, variance of fitness, and success rate in finding a feasible solution in comparison to those obtained using single swarm based methods.
Fractional order PID controller for improvement of PMSM speed control in aerospace applications
Saraji, Ali Motalebi; Ghanbari, Mahmood
2014-12-01
Because of the benefits reduced size, cost and maintenance, noise, CO2 emissions and increased control flexibility and precision, to meet these expectations, electrical equipment increasingly utilize in modern aircraft systems and aerospace industry rather than conventional mechanic, hydraulic, and pneumatic power systems. Electric motor drives are capable of converting electrical power to drive actuators, pumps, compressors, and other subsystems at variable speeds. In the past decades, permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and brushless dc (BLDC) motor were investigated for aerospace applications such as aircraft actuators. In this paper, the fractional-order PID controller is used in the design of speed loop of PMSM speed control system. Having more parameters for tuning fractional order PID controller lead to good performance ratio to integer order. This good performance is shown by comparison fractional order PID controller with the conventional PI and tuned PID controller by Genetic algorithm in MATLAB soft wear.
Fractional order PID controller for improvement of PMSM speed control in aerospace applications
Saraji, Ali Motalebi [Young Researchers and Elite Club, AliAbad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, AliAbad Katoul (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghanbari, Mahmood [Department of Electrical Engineering, AliAbad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, AliAbad Katoul (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-12-10
Because of the benefits reduced size, cost and maintenance, noise, CO2 emissions and increased control flexibility and precision, to meet these expectations, electrical equipment increasingly utilize in modern aircraft systems and aerospace industry rather than conventional mechanic, hydraulic, and pneumatic power systems. Electric motor drives are capable of converting electrical power to drive actuators, pumps, compressors, and other subsystems at variable speeds. In the past decades, permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and brushless dc (BLDC) motor were investigated for aerospace applications such as aircraft actuators. In this paper, the fractional-order PID controller is used in the design of speed loop of PMSM speed control system. Having more parameters for tuning fractional order PID controller lead to good performance ratio to integer order. This good performance is shown by comparison fractional order PID controller with the conventional PI and tuned PID controller by Genetic algorithm in MATLAB soft wear.
Fractional order PID controller for improvement of PMSM speed control in aerospace applications
Because of the benefits reduced size, cost and maintenance, noise, CO2 emissions and increased control flexibility and precision, to meet these expectations, electrical equipment increasingly utilize in modern aircraft systems and aerospace industry rather than conventional mechanic, hydraulic, and pneumatic power systems. Electric motor drives are capable of converting electrical power to drive actuators, pumps, compressors, and other subsystems at variable speeds. In the past decades, permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and brushless dc (BLDC) motor were investigated for aerospace applications such as aircraft actuators. In this paper, the fractional-order PID controller is used in the design of speed loop of PMSM speed control system. Having more parameters for tuning fractional order PID controller lead to good performance ratio to integer order. This good performance is shown by comparison fractional order PID controller with the conventional PI and tuned PID controller by Genetic algorithm in MATLAB soft wear
PID and predictive control of electrical drives and power converters using MATLAB/Simulink
Wang, Liuping; Yoo, Dae; Gan, Lu; Ng, Ki
2015-01-01
A timely introduction to current research on PID and predictive control by one of the leading authors on the subject PID and Predictive Control of Electric Drives and Power Supplies using MATLAB/Simulink examines the classical control system strategies, such as PID control, feed-forward control and cascade control, which are widely used in current practice. The authors share their experiences in actual design and implementation of the control systems on laboratory test-beds, taking the reader from the fundamentals through to more sophisticated design and analysis. The book contains secti
Soft Real-Time PID Control on a VME Computer
Karayan, Vahag; Sander, Stanley; Cageao, Richard
2007-01-01
microPID (uPID) is a computer program for real-time proportional + integral + derivative (PID) control of a translation stage in a Fourier-transform ultraviolet spectrometer. microPID implements a PID control loop over a position profile at sampling rate of 8 kHz (sampling period 125microseconds). The software runs in a strippeddown Linux operating system on a VersaModule Eurocard (VME) computer operating in real-time priority queue using an embedded controller, a 16-bit digital-to-analog converter (D/A) board, and a laser-positioning board (LPB). microPID consists of three main parts: (1) VME device-driver routines, (2) software that administers a custom protocol for serial communication with a control computer, and (3) a loop section that obtains the current position from an LPB-driver routine, calculates the ideal position from the profile, and calculates a new voltage command by use of an embedded PID routine all within each sampling period. The voltage command is sent to the D/A board to control the stage. microPID uses special kernel headers to obtain microsecond timing resolution. Inasmuch as microPID implements a single-threaded process and all other processes are disabled, the Linux operating system acts as a soft real-time system.
Turbine speed control system based on a fuzzy-PID
SUN Jian-hua; WANG Wei; YU Hai-yan
2008-01-01
The flexibility demand of marine nuclear power plant is very high,the multiple parameters of the marine nuclear power plant with the once-through steam generator are strongly coupled,and the normal PID control of the turbine speed can't meet the control demand. This paper introduces a turbine speed Fuzzy-PID controller to coordinately control the steam pressure and thus realize the demand for quick tracking and steady state control over the turbine speed by using the Fuzzy control's quick dynamic response and PID control's steady state performance. The simulation shows the improvement of the response time and steady state performance of the control system.
Remote PID Control of a DC Motor
V. Silva
2007-08-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a remote experiment forcontrolling a DC motor. This work was part of a final yeargraduation project of the Industrial Electronics Course atthe University of Minho. It was implemented by anundergraduate student for students use. The experiment iscontrolled using a PID algorithm programmed in LabViewenvironment. The remote user can test PID digitalalgorithms and parameters, change reference velocity valuesand register the motor output velocity profile.
R. Arulmurugan
2012-10-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a new dc to dc boost converter using closed loop control proportional Integral and Derivative mechanism for photovoltaic (PV standalone high voltage applications. The boost converter is composed of MOSFETs which are driven by closed loop PWM control. Many advantages including high efficiency, minimum number of switch, high voltage and power, low cost. This converter is attractive for high voltage and high power applications. The analysis and design considerations of the converter are presented. A prototype was implemented for an application requiring a 410W output power, input voltage range from 17.1-V, and a 317-V output voltage. The proposed system efficiency is about 90%.
ANFIS-PID Controller for Arm Rehabilitation Device
M.H.Jali
2015-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the arm rehabilitation device controller based on fuzzy logic techniques is presented. Patients who has post-stroke may lose control of their upper limb. If they are treated with functional rehabilitation training, the patients can rehabilitate their motion functions and working abilities. These rehabilitation devices are used to recover the movement of arm after stroke. Many controllers had been used for the rehabilitation device and one of them is ANFIS-PID controller where Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS technique is the combination of fuzzy logic and neural network system. The objectives of this project are to develop arm rehabilitation device controller based on the ANFIS-PID technique. The development of ANFIS is purposely as an inverse model to the system and proportional-integral- erivative (PID controller as a feedback control. EMG model is integrated to the control system as reference where Artificial Neural Network (ANN is used to model the EMG to position relationship. Simulation is conducted using MATLAB to validate the system performance that is integrated with EMG model. Then the performance is compared between ANFIS-PID controller and PID alone controller. ANFIS–PID controller reduced more tracking error compared to PID controller and demonstrates better results when disturbance is applied to the control system.
Automatic Tuning of PID Controller for a 1-D Levitation System Using a Genetic Algorithm
Yang, Zhenyu; Pedersen, Gerulf K.m.
2006-01-01
The automatic PID control design for a onedimensional magnetic levitation system is investigated. The PID controller is automatically tuned using the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) based on a nonlinear system model. The developed controller is digitally implemented and tested....... The preliminary simulation and test results show a bright potential to use artificial intelligence methods for supporting the control design for complicated nonlinear and open-loop unstable systems....
Digital implementation of fractional order PID controller and its application
Wang Zhenbin; Wang Zhenlei; Cao Guangyi; Zhu Xinjian
2005-01-01
A new discretization scheme is proposed for the design of a fractional order PID controller. In the design of a fractional order controller the interest is mainly focused on the s-domain, but there exists a difficult problem in the s-domain that needs to be solved, i.e. how to calculate fractional derivatives and integrals efficiently and quickly. Our scheme adopts the time domain that is well suited for Z-transform analysis and digital implementation. The main idea of the scheme is based on the definition of Grunwald-Letnicov fractional calculus. In this case some limited terms of the definition are taken so that it is much easier and faster to calculate fractional derivatives and integrals in the time domain or zdomain without loss much of the precision. Its effectiveness is illustrated by discretization of half-order fractional differential and integral operators compared with that of the analytical scheme. An example of designing fractional order digital controllers is included for illustration, in which different fractional order PID controllers are designed for the control of a nonlinear dynamic system containing one of the four different kinds of nonlinear blocks: saturation, deadzone, hysteresis, and relay.
Benxian Xiao
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Proposed the PID controller parameters tuning method based-on New Luus-Jaakola (NLJ algorithm and satisfaction idea. According to the different requirements of each performance index, designed the satisfaction function with fuzzy constraint attributes, and then determined the comprehensive satisfaction function for PID tuning by NLJ algorithm. Provided the steps of PID controller parameters tuning based on the NLJ algorithm and satisfaction, and applied this tuning method to the cascade control system of superheated steam temperature for Power Station Boiler. Finally the simulation and experiment results have shown the proposed method has good dynamic and static control performances for this complicated superheated steam temperature control system.
Intelligent PID guidance control for AUV path tracking
李晔; 姜言清; 王磊峰; 曹建; 张国成
2015-01-01
Based on rational behavior model of three layers, a tracking control system is designed for straight line tracking which is commonly used in underwater survey missions. An intelligent PID control law implemented as planning level during the control system using transverse deviation is came up with. Continuous tracking of path expressed by a point sequence can be realized by the law. Firstly, a path tracking control system based on rational behavior model of three layers is designed, mainly satisfying the needs of underactuated AUV. Since there is no need to perform spatially coupled maneuvers, the 3D path tracking control is decoupled into planar 2D path tracking and depth or height tracking separately. Secondly, planar path tracking controller is introduced. For the reason that more attention is paid to comparing with vertical position control, transverse deviation in analytical form is derived. According to the Lyapunov direct theory, control law is designed using discrete PID algorithm whose parameters obey adaptive fuzzy adjustment. Reference heading angle is given as an output of the guidance controller conducted by lateral deviation together with its derivative. For the purpose of improving control quality and facilitating parameter modifying, data normalize modules based on Sigmoid function are applied to input-output data manipulation. Lastly, a sequence of experiments was carried out successfully, including tests in Longfeng lake and at the Yellow sea. In most challenging sea conditions, tracking errors of straight line are below 2 m in general. The results show that AUV is able to compensate the disturbance brought by sea current. The provided test results demonstrate that the designed guidance controller guarantees stably and accurately straight route tracking. Besides, the proposed control system is accessible for continuous comb-shaped path tracking in region searching.
PID control for chaotic synchronization using particle swarm optimization
In this paper, we attempt to use the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller to achieve the chaos synchronization for delayed discrete chaotic systems. Three PID control gains can be optimally determined by means of using a novel optimization algorithm, called the particle swarm optimization (PSO). The algorithm is motivated from the organism behavior of fish schooling and bird flocking, and involves the social psychology principles in socio-cognition human agents and evolutionary computations. It has a good numerical convergence for solving optimization problem. To show the validity of the PSO-based PID control for chaos synchronization, several cases with different initial populations are considered and some simulation results are shown.
Interval type-2 fuzzy PID controller for uncertain nonlinear inverted pendulum system.
El-Bardini, Mohammad; El-Nagar, Ahmad M
2014-05-01
In this paper, the interval type-2 fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative controller (IT2F-PID) is proposed for controlling an inverted pendulum on a cart system with an uncertain model. The proposed controller is designed using a new method of type-reduction that we have proposed, which is called the simplified type-reduction method. The proposed IT2F-PID controller is able to handle the effect of structure uncertainties due to the structure of the interval type-2 fuzzy logic system (IT2-FLS). The results of the proposed IT2F-PID controller using a new method of type-reduction are compared with the other proposed IT2F-PID controller using the uncertainty bound method and the type-1 fuzzy PID controller (T1F-PID). The simulation and practical results show that the performance of the proposed controller is significantly improved compared with the T1F-PID controller. PMID:24661774
Integral Separation PID Control Based on Self-balanced Car Design%基于积分分离PID控制的自平衡小车设计
蒋龙; 罗亮; 王欣
2015-01-01
Based STM32F103VET6 control core chip,with accelerometer gyroscope MPU6050 constitute trolley posture detection device,with dual drive TB6612FNG drive with digital encoders DC motor a self-balanced car system was built. Integral separate PID algorithm was used to achieve a rapid and stable control of body balance. The experimental testing indicate integral separation PID algorithm can quickly and stably control the car system to reach equilibrium.%以STM32F103VET6作为控制核心芯片，采用带加速度计的陀螺仪MPU6050构成小车姿态检测装置，采用双路驱动器TB6612FNG驱动带数字编码器的直流电机搭建了自平衡小车系统。采用积分分离式PID算法实现了车身平衡的快速稳定控制。经实验证明积分分离式PID算法能够快速、稳定地控制小车系统达到平衡状态。
A Proposal of Adaptive PID Controller Based on Reinforcement Learning
WANG Xue-song; CHENG Yu-hu; SUN Wei
2007-01-01
Aimed at the lack of self-tuning PID parameters in conventional PID controllers, the structure and learning algorithm of an adaptive PID controller based on reinforcement learning were proposed. Actor-Critic learning was used to tune PID parameters in an adaptive way by taking advantage of the model-free and on-line learning properties of reinforcement learning effectively. In order to reduce the demand of storage space and to improve the learning efficiency,a single RBF neural network was used to approximate the policy function of Actor and the value function of Critic simultaneously. The inputs of RBF network are the system error, as well as the first and the second-order differences of error. The Actor can realize the mapping from the system state to PID parameters, while the Critic evaluates the outputs of the Actor and produces TD error. Based on TD error performance index and gradient descent method, the updating rules of RBF kernel function and network weights were given. Simulation results show that the proposed controller is efficient for complex nonlinear systems and it is perfectly adaptable and strongly robust, which is better than that of a conventional PID controller.
Recurrent neural networks-based multivariable system PID predictive control
ZHANG Yan; WANG Fanzhen; SONG Ying; CHEN Zengqiang; YUAN Zhuzhi
2007-01-01
A nonlinear proportion integration differentiation (PID) controller is proposed on the basis of recurrent neural networks,due to the difficulty of tuning the parameters of conventional PID controller.In the control process of nonlinear multivariable system,a decoupling controller was constructed,which took advantage of multi-nonlinear PID controllers in parallel.With the idea of predictive control,two multivariable predictive control strategies were established.One strategy involved the use of the general minimum variance control function on the basis of recursive multi-step predictive method.The other involved the adoption of multistep predictive cost energy to train the weights of the decoupling controller.Simulation studies have shown the efficiency of these strategies.
A.Selwin Mich Priyadharson
2012-02-01
Full Text Available The main objective of the combustion controller in a thermal power plant is to regulate fuel and air in proper ratio to maintain the desired steam pressure at the turbine inlet, irrespective of the changes in steam demand. To achieve a continuous supply of steam at the desired pressure conditions is difficult to cope with inherenttime delay, nonlinearity due to uncertainty of the combustion process and frequent load changes. This paper deals with the design of behavior response computation based approach to get the optimal PID controller parameters for the combustion control of utility boiler. A separate control model is developed for Fuel and Air system. The control model for fuel will drive the Fuel controller which is cascaded with Air controller. PID controller for Air and Fuelsystem will use the optimum PID parameter derived from response based computation method. Many steady state and dynamic behavioral responses were analyzed for different load conditions. A lab scale experimental setup is fabricated in the laboratory for fuel and air control and tests were carried out for several load conditions. Optimal PID controller parameters were obtained when the experimental responses have good agreement with the real time behavior responses. The advantages of the proposed design are highlighted.
IMC based robust PID controller tuning for disturbance rejection
Mohammad Shamsuzzoha
2016-01-01
It is well-known that the IMC-PID controller tuning gives fast and improved set point response but slow disturbance rejection. A modification has been proposed in IMC-PID tuning rule for the improved disturbance rejection. For the modified IMC-PID tuning rule, a method has been developed to obtain the IMC-PID setting in closed-loop mode without acquiring detailed information of the process. The proposed method is based on the closed-loop step set point experiment using a proportional only controller with gainKc0. It is the direct approach to find the PID controller setting similar to classical Ziegler-Nichols closed-loop method. Based on simulations of a wide range of first-order with delay processes, a simple correlation has been derived to obtain the modified IMC-PID controller settings from closed-loop experiment. In this method, controller gain is a function of the overshoot obtained in the closed loop set point experiment. The integral and derivative time is mainly a function of the time to reach the first peak (overshoot). Simulation has been conducted for the broad class of processes and the controllers were tuned to have the same degree of robustness by measuring the maximum sensitivity, Ms, in order to obtain a reasonable comparison. The PID controller settings obtained in the proposed tuning method show better performance and robustness with other two-step tuning methods for the broad class of processes. It has also been applied to temperature control loop in distillation column model. The result has been compared to the open loop tuning method where it gives robust and fast response.
C.Agees Kumar
2010-07-01
Full Text Available PID controller is widely used for main steam temperature control of boiler unit in thermal power plant. To avoid the drawback of current PID design methods, this paper presents a new design method for multi-objective PID controller to synthetically consider system requirement in reliability and robustness. Adaptive weighted PSO (AWPSO technique is applied to the parameter optimization design. The optimization problem considered is highly nonlinear, complex, with multiple objectives and constraints. The simulation results on an actual main steam temperature control system indicate that, the multi-objective PID controller designed by presented method, can improve the dynamic performance of main steam temperature control system, with good robustness ability.
Genetic Algorithm based PID controller for Frequency Regulation Ancillary services
Sandeep Bhongade
2010-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the parameters of Proportional, Integral and Derivative (PID controller for Automatic Generation Control (AGC suitable in restructured power system is tuned according to Generic Algorithms (GAs based performance indices. The key idea of the proposed method is to use the fitness function based on Area Control Error (ACE. The functioning of the proposed Genetic Algorithm based PID (GAPID controller has been demonstrated on a 75-bus Indian power system network and the results have been compared with those obtained by using Least Square Minimization method.
A novel auto-tuning PID control mechanism for nonlinear systems.
Cetin, Meric; Iplikci, Serdar
2015-09-01
In this paper, a novel Runge-Kutta (RK) discretization-based model-predictive auto-tuning proportional-integral-derivative controller (RK-PID) is introduced for the control of continuous-time nonlinear systems. The parameters of the PID controller are tuned using RK model of the system through prediction error-square minimization where the predicted information of tracking error provides an enhanced tuning of the parameters. Based on the model-predictive control (MPC) approach, the proposed mechanism provides necessary PID parameter adaptations while generating additive correction terms to assist the initially inadequate PID controller. Efficiency of the proposed mechanism has been tested on two experimental real-time systems: an unstable single-input single-output (SISO) nonlinear magnetic-levitation system and a nonlinear multi-input multi-output (MIMO) liquid-level system. RK-PID has been compared to standard PID, standard nonlinear MPC (NMPC), RK-MPC and conventional sliding-mode control (SMC) methods in terms of control performance, robustness, computational complexity and design issue. The proposed mechanism exhibits acceptable tuning and control performance with very small steady-state tracking errors, and provides very short settling time for parameter convergence. PMID:26117284
Stability Control of an Autonomous Quadcopter through PID Control Law
Nicolas Ives Roque Pacheco
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In the recent years the world has seen a astonishing ascendance of non tripulated vehicles, and among these is the quadrotors aircrafts or quadcopters. These types of aircraft have been of particular interest due to its easy maneuverability in closed and open spaces and somewhat simplified dynamics. In these paper is presented an first attempt in the built model, to control the 4 DOF(Degrees of freedom of an soon to be autonomous quadcopter through PID law in an controlled environment.
Stabilization and Tracking Control of Inverted Pendulum Using Fractional Order PID Controllers
Sunil Kumar Mishra; Dinesh Chandra
2014-01-01
This work focuses on the use of fractional calculus to design robust fractional-order PID (PIλDμ) controller for stabilization and tracking control of inverted pendulum (IP) system. A particle swarm optimisation (PSO) based direct tuning technique is used to design two PIλDμ controllers for IP system without linearizing the actual nonlinear model. The fitness function is minimized by running the SIMULINK model of IP system according to the PSO program in MATLAB. The performance of proposed PI...
Quarter Car Active Suspension System Control Using PID Controller tuned by PSO
Wissam H. Al-Mutar
2015-01-01
The objective of this paper is to design an efficient control scheme for car suspension system. The purpose of suspension system in vehicles is to get more comfortable riding and good handling with road vibrations. A nonlinear hydraulic actuator is connected to passive suspension system in parallel with damper. The Particles Swarm Optimization is used to tune a PID controller for active suspension system. The designed controller is applied for quarter car suspension system and result is compa...
LabVIEW FPGA Implementation Of a PID Controller For D.C. Motor Speed Control
Fakhrulddin H. Ali; Mohammed Mahmood Hussein; Sinan M.B. Ismael
2010-01-01
This Paper presents a novel hardware design methodology of digital control systems. For this, instead of synthesizing the control system using Very high speed integration circuit Hardware Description Language (VHDL), LabVIEW FPGA module from National Instrument (NI) is used to design the whole system that include analog capture circuit to take out the analog signals (set point and process variable) from the real world, PID controller module, and PWM signal generator mo...
Genetic Algorithm Tuning of PID Controller in Smith Predictor for Glucose Concentration Control
Tsonyo Slavov; Olympia Roeva
2011-01-01
This paper focuses on design of a glucose concentration control system based on nonlinear model plant of E. coli MC4110 fed-batch cultivation process. Due to significant time delay in real time glucose concentration measurement, a correction is proposed in glucose concentration measurement and a Smith predictor (SP) control structure based on universal PID controller is designed. To reduce the influence of model error in SP structure the estimate of measured glucose concentration is used. For...
PID controller tuning using the magnitude optimum criterion
Papadopoulos, Konstantinos
2014-01-01
An instructive reference that will help control researchers and engineers, interested in a variety of industrial processes, to take advantage of a powerful tuning method for the ever-popular PID control paradigm. This monograph presents explicit PID tuning rules for linear control loops regardless of process complexity. It shows the reader how such loops achieve zero steady-position, velocity, and acceleration errors and are thus able to track fast reference signals. The theoretical development takes place in the frequency domain by introducing a general-transfer-function-known process model
SIMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PID-ANN CONTROLLER FOR CHOPPER FED EMBEDDED PMDC MOTOR
M. Madheswaran; Muruganandam, M.
2012-01-01
The closed loop control of PMDC drive with an inner current controller and an outer PID-ANN (Proportional Integral Derivative – Artificial Neural Network) based speed controller is designed and presented in this paper. Motor is fed by DC / DC buck converter (DC Chopper). The controller is used to change the duty cycle of the converter and thereby, the voltage fed to the PMDC motor to regulate the speed. The PID-ANN controller designed was evaluated by computer simulation and it was implemente...
SIMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PID-ANN CONTROLLER FOR CHOPPER FED EMBEDDED PMDC MOTOR
M. Madheswaran
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The closed loop control of PMDC drive with an inner current controller and an outer PID-ANN (Proportional Integral Derivative – Artificial Neural Network based speed controller is designed and presented in this paper. Motor is fed by DC / DC buck converter (DC Chopper. The controller is used to change the duty cycle of the converter and thereby, the voltage fed to the PMDC motor to regulate the speed. The PID-ANN controller designed was evaluated by computer simulation and it was implemented using an 8051 based embedded system. This system will operate in forward motoring with variable speed.
Puchalski Bartosz; Duzinkiewicz Kazimierz; Rutkowski Tomasz
2015-01-01
In the paper, analysis of multi-region fuzzy logic controller with local PID controllers for steam generator of pressurized water reactor (PWR) working in wide range of thermal power changes is presented. The U-tube steam generator has a nonlinear dynamics depending on thermal power transferred from coolant of the primary loop of the PWR plant. Control of water level in the steam generator conducted by a traditional PID controller which is designed for nominal power level of the nuclear react...
Comparison of PID Controller Tuning Methods with Genetic Algorithm for FOPTD System
K. Mohamed Hussain
2014-02-01
Full Text Available Measurement of Level, Temperature, Pressure and Flow parameters are very vital in all process industries. A combination of a few transducers with a controller, that forms a closed loop system leads to a stable and effective process. This article deals with control of in the process tank and comparative analysis of various PID control techniques and Genetic Algorithm (GA technique. The model for such a Real-time process is identified as First Order Plus Dead Time (FOPTD process and validated. The need for improved performance of the process has led to the development of model based controllers. Well-designed conventional Proportional, Integral and Derivative (PID controllers are the most widely used controller in the chemical process industries because of their simplicity, robustness and successful practical applications. Many tuning methods have been proposed for PID controllers. Many tuning methods have been proposed for obtaining better PID controller parameter settings. The comparison of various tuning methods for First Order Plus Dead Time (FOPTD process are analysed using simulation software. Our purpose in this study is comparison of these tuning methods for single input single output (SISO systems using computer simulation.Also efficiency of various PID controller are investigated for different performance metrics such as Integral Square Error (ISE, Integral Absolute Error (IAE, Integral Time absolute Error (ITAE, and Mean square Error (MSE is presented and simulation is carried out. Work in this paper explores basic concepts, mathematics, and design aspect of PID controller. Comparison between the PID controller and Genetic Algorithm (GA will have been carried out to determine the best controller for the temperature system.
A Practical Tuning Method for the Robust PID Controller with Velocity Feed-Back
Emre Sariyildiz
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID control is the most widely used control method in industrial and academic applications due to its simplicity and efficiency. Several different control methods/algorithms have been proposed to tune the gains of PID controllers. However, the conventional tuning methods do not have sufficient performance and simplicity for practical applications, such as robotics and motion control. The performance of motion control systems may significantly deteriorate by the nonlinear plant uncertainties and unknown external disturbances, such as inertia variations, friction, external loads, etc., i.e., there may be a significant discrepancy between the simulation and experiment if the robustness is not considered in the design of PID controllers. This paper proposes a novel practical tuning method for the robust PID controller with velocity feed-back for motion control systems. The main advantages of the proposed method are the simplicity and efficiency in practical applications, i.e., a high performance robust motion control system can be easily designed by properly tuning conventional PID controllers. The validity of the proposal is verified by giving simulation and experimental results.
李杰; 齐晓慧; 韩帅涛
2013-01-01
针对小型四旋翼飞行器姿态控制问题,设计了一种新型非线性PID姿态控制器.针对传统PID的不足,通过引入两个跟踪微分器以及误差反馈的非线性组合构成非线性PID,并结合简化的小型四旋翼飞行器数学模型,提出了一种基于新型非线性PID姿态控制方法.仿真结果表明,所设计的控制器具有较强的鲁棒性、抗干扰性以及良好的滤波性能,系统具有良好的动态和稳态性能.由于保留了传统PID优点,设计简单,对实际工程具有较大的指导价值.%A new nonlinear PID attitude controller was designed to control the attitude of a small quad-rotor aircraft.Combined with the simplified mathematical model of small quad-rotor aircraft,an attitude control method was proposed by using the new nonlinear PID attitude controller.Two tracking differentiators and a nonlinear state error feedback are used to overcome the deficiency of the traditional PID controller.The simulation results indicate that our attitude controller achieves strong robustness,anti-disturbance and high filtering performances,having high-dynamic and steady-state performances.
Puchalski Bartosz
2015-12-01
Full Text Available In the paper, analysis of multi-region fuzzy logic controller with local PID controllers for steam generator of pressurized water reactor (PWR working in wide range of thermal power changes is presented. The U-tube steam generator has a nonlinear dynamics depending on thermal power transferred from coolant of the primary loop of the PWR plant. Control of water level in the steam generator conducted by a traditional PID controller which is designed for nominal power level of the nuclear reactor operates insufficiently well in wide range of operational conditions, especially at the low thermal power level. Thus the steam generator is often controlled manually by operators. Incorrect water level in the steam generator may lead to accidental shutdown of the nuclear reactor and consequently financial losses. In the paper a comparison of proposed multi region fuzzy logic controller and traditional PID controllers designed only for nominal condition is presented. The gains of the local PID controllers have been derived by solving appropriate optimization tasks with the cost function in a form of integrated squared error (ISE criterion. In both cases, a model of steam generator which is readily available in literature was used for control algorithms synthesis purposes. The proposed multi-region fuzzy logic controller and traditional PID controller were subjected to broad-based simulation tests in rapid prototyping software - Matlab/Simulink. These tests proved the advantage of multi-region fuzzy logic controller with local PID controllers over its traditional counterpart.
Optimal fuzzy PID controller with adjustable factors based on flexible polyhedron search algorithm
谭冠政; 肖宏峰; 王越超
2002-01-01
A new kind of optimal fuzzy PID controller is proposed, which contains two parts. One is an on-line fuzzy inference system, and the other is a conventional PID controller. In the fuzzy inference system, three adjustable factors xp, xi, and xd are introduced. Their functions are to further modify and optimize the result of the fuzzy inference so as to make the controller have the optimal control effect on a given object. The optimal values of these adjustable factors are determined based on the ITAE criterion and the Nelder and Mead′s flexible polyhedron search algorithm. This optimal fuzzy PID controller has been used to control the executive motor of the intelligent artificial leg designed by the authors. The result of computer simulation indicates that this controller is very effective and can be widely used to control different kinds of objects and processes.
Speed Control of DC Motor under Varying Load Using PID Controller
Muhammad Rafay Khan; Aleem Ahmed Khan; Umer Ghazali
2015-01-01
DC motors are used extensively in industrial variable speed applications because of most demanding speed-torque characteristics and are simple in controlling aspects. This paper presents a DC motor speed controlling technique under varying load condition. The linear system model of separately excited DC motor with Torque-variation is designed using PID controller. A Matlab simulation of proposed system with no-Load and full-load condition is performed on Simulink platform to observe the syste...
PID Control in the Third Millennium Lessons Learned and New Approaches
Visioli, Antonio
2012-01-01
The early 21st century has seen a renewed interest in research in the widely-adopted proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers. PID Control in the Third Millennium provides an overview of the advances made as a result. Featuring: · new approaches for controller tuning; · control structures and configurations for more efficient control; · practical issues in PID implementation; and · non-standard approaches to PID including fractional-order, event-based, nonlinear, data-driven and predictive control; the nearly twenty chapters provide a state-of-the-art resumé of PID controller theory, design and realization. Each chapter has specialist authorship and ideas clearly characterized from both academic and industrial viewpoints. Advances in Industrial Control aims to report and encourage the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series o...
Naeim Farouk
2012-11-01
Full Text Available The degree of speed control of ship machinery effects on the economics and optimization of the machinery configuration and operation. All marine vessel ranging need some sort of speed control system to control and govern the speed of the marine diesel engines. The main focus of this study is to apply and comparative between two specific soft-computing techniques. Fuzzy logic controller and genetic algorithm to design and tuning of PID controller for applied on speed control system of marine diesel engine to get an output with better dynamic and static performance. Simulation results show that the response of system when using genetic algorithm is better and faster than when using fuzzy tuning PID controller.
Active structural control with stable fuzzy PID techniques
Yu, Wen
2016-01-01
This book presents a detailed discussion of intelligent techniques to measure the displacement of buildings when they are subjected to vibration. It shows how these techniques are used to control active devices that can reduce vibration 60–80% more effectively than widely used passive anti-seismic systems. After introducing various structural control devices and building-modeling and active structural control methods, the authors propose offset cancellation and high-pass filtering techniques to solve some common problems of building-displacement measurement using accelerometers. The most popular control algorithms in industrial settings, PD/PID controllers, are then analyzed and then combined with fuzzy compensation. The stability of this combination is proven with standard weight-training algorithms. These conditions provide explicit methods for selecting PD/PID controllers. Finally, fuzzy-logic and sliding-mode control are applied to the control of wind-induced vibration. The methods described are support...
M. Antony Freeda Rani
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Permanent Magnet Brushless DC motor (PMBL DC is used in a large number of industrial and automotive applications because of their high efficiency, compactness and excellent reliability. However to design an efficient PMBL DC motor, it is necessary to provide an effective controller that has to reduce the overshoot, settling and rise time. In this study, an improved PID controller has been designed by optimizing the parameters of PID controller based on two advanced optimization techniques ANFIS and Cuckoo Search optimization for speed control of a PMBL DC motor. The proposed approach has superior features, including easy implementation, stable convergence characteristic and good computational efficiency. The PMBL DC motor is modeled in SIMULINK implementing the algorithms in MATLAB and the performance evaluation has been studied.
Speed Control of Bldc Motor Drive By Using Pid Controllers
Y.Narendra Kumar,
2014-04-01
Full Text Available This paper mainly deals with the Brushless DC (BLDC motor speed driving systems have sprouted in various small scale and large scale applications like automobile industries, domestic appliances etc. This leads to the development in Brushless DC motor (BLDCM. The usage of BLDC Motor enhances various performance factors ranging from higher efficiency, higher torque in low-speed range, high power density ,low maintenance and less noise than other motors. The BLDC Motor can act as an alternative for traditional motors like induction and switched reluctance motors. In this paper PID controller is implemented with speed feedback loop and it is observe that torque ripples are minimized. Simulation is carried out using MATLAB / SIMULINK. The results show that the performance of BLDC Motor is quite satisfactory for various loading conditions. Brushless DC motor drives are typically employed in speed controlled applications.
Optimization of PID controller based on The Bees Algorithm for one leg of a quadruped robot
Bakırcıoğlu Veli
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we apply The Bees Algorithm to find optimal PID controller gains to control angular positions of robot leg joints with the minimum position error. In order to present more realistic simulation, system modelled in MATLAB/Simulink environment which is close to experimental set up. Solid model of system, which has two degrees of freedom, drawn by using a CAD software. Required physical specifications of robot leg for MATLAB/Simulink modelling is obtained from this CAD model. Controller of the system is designed in MATLAB/Simulink interface. Simulation results derived to show effectiveness of The Bees Algorithm to find optimal PID controller gains.
Boumediène ALLAOUA
2009-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper, an intelligent controller of DC Motor drive is designed using particle swarm optimization (PSO method for formative the optimal proportional-integral-derivative (PID controller Tuning parameters. The proposed approach has superior feature, including easy implementation, stable convergence characteristics and very good computational performances efficiency. The DC Motor Scheduling PID-PSO controller is modeled in MATLAB environment. Comparing with fuzzy logic controller using PSO intelligent algorithms, the planned method is more proficient in improving the speed loop response stability, the steady state error is reduced, the rising time is perfected and the disturbances do not affect the performances of driving motor with no overtaking.
Quarter Car Active Suspension System Control Using PID Controller tuned by PSO
Wissam H. Al-Mutar
2015-07-01
Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to design an efficient control scheme for car suspension system. The purpose of suspension system in vehicles is to get more comfortable riding and good handling with road vibrations. A nonlinear hydraulic actuator is connected to passive suspension system in parallel with damper. The Particles Swarm Optimization is used to tune a PID controller for active suspension system. The designed controller is applied for quarter car suspension system and result is compared with passive suspension system model and input road profile. Simulation results show good performance for the designed controller
TORQUE RIPPLE MINIMIZATION IN SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTORS USING PID FUZZY LOGIC CONTROLLER
K. Deepak; Nagarajan, G.
2014-01-01
The main objective of this paper is to design a system which will have small speed ripple and also produces fast response of switch reluctance motor (SRM) for various speeds , magnetic flux and current by means of PID fuzzy logic controller. The speed of motor is get increased by means of reducing the torque value and also by means of ripple content. The SRM will haves a PI fuzzy logic controller and a derivative part. The developed novel PID-like fuzzy logic controller (FLC) ...
郭娜; 胡静涛
2014-01-01
To achieve variable rate spraying, a pressure-based variable rate spaying system was designed to control the spray rate by adjusting the opening percentage of electrical regulating valve at the bypass pipeline. This returns excessive flow discharged by a piston diaphragm pump according to the flow rate of the spray pipeline, and adjusts the boom width by shutting ON or OFF selected solenoid valves at each section. The ARM9 based variable rate controller was designed to measure the system pressure and flow rate, and generate the control signal. A commercial 3W-250 boom sprayer with 12 flat fan spray nozzles was modified to a variable rate sprayer and mounted behind the LOVAL TA800 tractor. The 12 nozzles were divided to 6 boom sections and the pump was derived by the power take-off shaft of the tractor. The variable rate sprayer was represented by a directed graph of fluid network that consists of a set of junctions, called nodes, and certain lines joining a pair of nodes, called the edges. To reduce the complexity of the spray network, the fluid resistance of the short pipeline was ignored, some nodes were merged, one virtual node was increased to represent the external atmospheric pressure, and finally the graph of the variable rate spraying system involved 6 nodes and 12 edges. The flow rate and pressure distribution within the spray network under, steady state conditions was described by the junction of continuity equations and the loop energy equations. The electrical regulating actuator was also modelled to describe the relationship between the voltage control signal and the valve opening percentage. The fuzzy-PID control algorithm was adopted for the nonlinear, time-varying variable rate spraying system to achieve better performance than with the conventional PID control algorithm. The fuzzy control algorithm was used for tuning the PID parameters online. The Smith predictor based on the system model was introduced to overcome the side effects of long time
Control of a Quadrotor Using a Smart Self-Tuning Fuzzy PID Controller
Deepak Gautam
2013-11-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the modelling, simulation-based controller design and path planning of a four rotor helicopter known as a quadrotor. All the drags, aerodynamic, coriolis and gyroscopic effect are neglected. A Newton-Euler formulation is used to derive the mathematical model. A smart self-tuning fuzzy PID controller based on an EKF algorithm is proposed for the attitude and position control of the quadrotor. The PID gains are tuned using a self-tuning fuzzy algorithm. The self-tuning of fuzzy parameters is achieved based on an EKF algorithm. A smart selection technique and exclusive tuning of active fuzzy parameters is proposed to reduce the computational time. Dijkstra’s algorithm is used for path planning in a closed and known environment filled with obstacles and/or boundaries. The Dijkstra algorithm helps avoid obstacle and find the shortest route from a given initial position to the final position.
Simulation of PID Controller%PID控制器仿真研究
晏永红
2011-01-01
早在70年前就开始应用PID控制器,时至今日,PID控制器仍然是现代控制理论中应用非常广泛的技术,在此运用计算机仿真技术,对常用的几种PID控制器进行研究,得出它们在性能指标上各有所长,在设计应用中应根据稳、准、快的要求选择合适类型的PID.%70 years ago, people have begun to use PID controller. So far, PID controller has been still a wide range of technology applied in modern control theory. Using computer simulation technology, the article studied several kinds of common PID controller. The result showed that they have their advantages on performance. We should select the appropriate type of PID according to the demand for steady, accuracy, fastness in the design of the application.
REZAZADEH, A.
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Nonlinear characteristics of wind turbines and electric generators necessitate complicated and nonlinear control of grid connected Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS. This paper proposes a modified self-tuning PID control strategy, using reinforcement learning for WECS control. The controller employs Actor-Critic learning in order to tune PID parameters adaptively. These Actor-Critic learning is a special kind of reinforcement learning that uses a single wavelet neural network to approximate the policy function of the Actor and the value function of the Critic simultaneously. These controllers are used to control a typical WECS in noiseless and noisy condition and results are compared with an adaptive Radial Basis Function (RBF PID control based on reinforcement learning and conventional PID control. Practical emulated results prove the capability and the robustness of the suggested controller versus the other PID controllers to control of the WECS. The ability of presented controller is tested by experimental setup.
Nuclear reactors are in nature nonlinear systems and their parameters vary with time as a function of power level. These characteristics must be considered if large power variations occur in power plant operational regimes, such as in load-following conditions. A PWR reactor has a component called pressurizer, whose function is to supply the necessary high pressure for its operation and to contain pressure variations in the primary cooling system. The use of control systems capable of reducing fast variations of the operation variables and to maintain the stability of this system is of fundamental importance. The best-known controllers used in industrial control processes are proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers due to their simple structure and robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions. However, designing a fuzzy controller is seen to be a much less difficult task. Once a Fuzzy Logic controller is designed for a particular set of parameters of the nonlinear element, it yields satisfactory performance for a range of these parameters. The objective of this work is to develop fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative (fuzzy-PID) control strategies to control the level of water in the reactor. In the study of the pressurizer, several computer codes are used to simulate its dynamic behavior. At the fuzzy-PID control strategy, the fuzzy logic controller is exploited to extend the finite sets of PID gains to the possible combinations of PID gains in stable region. Thus the fuzzy logic controller tunes the gain of PID controller to adapt the model with changes in the water level of reactor. The simulation results showed a favorable performance with the use to fuzzy-PID controllers. (author)
A set of decentralized PID controllers for an – link robot manipulator
G Leena; G Ray
2012-06-01
A class of stabilizing decentralized proportional integral derivative (PID) controllers for an -link robot manipulator system is proposed. The range of decentralized PID controller parameters for an -link robot manipulator is obtained using Kharitonov theorem and stability boundary equations. Basically, the proposed design technique is based on the gain-phase margin tester and Kharitonov’s theorem that synthesizes a set of PID controllers for the linear model while nonlinear interaction terms involve in system dynamics are treated as zero. The stability analysis of the composite system with the designed set of decentralized PID controllers is investigated by incorporating bounding parameters of interconnection terms in LMI formulation. From the range of controller gains obtained by the proposed method, a genetic algorithm is adopted to get an optimal controller gains so that the tracking error is minimum. Simulation results are shown to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed control scheme for solution of ﬁxed as well as time-varying trajectory tracking control problems.
Systematic design approach of fuzzy PID stabilizer for DC-DC converters
DC-DC converters process electrical energy by switching between a fixed number of configurations. The objective of controlling these systems is to provide better performances, ensure closed loop stability and guarantee a simple predictable behaviour. Based on a converter averaged model, we propose, in this paper, a systematic design approach of a fuzzy PID. The choice of controller parameters stands on the whole system stability requirements. Extension of the obtained asymptotic stability to structural stability is presented to show that the developed controller ensures also a simple and predictable behaviour of the converter. Finally, we illustrate the efficiency of the proposed fuzzy PID design approach through simulations in voltage mode as well as in current mode control
Genetic Algorithm Tuning of PID Controller in Smith Predictor for Glucose Concentration Control
Tsonyo Slavov
2011-07-01
Full Text Available This paper focuses on design of a glucose concentration control system based on nonlinear model plant of E. coli MC4110 fed-batch cultivation process. Due to significant time delay in real time glucose concentration measurement, a correction is proposed in glucose concentration measurement and a Smith predictor (SP control structure based on universal PID controller is designed. To reduce the influence of model error in SP structure the estimate of measured glucose concentration is used. For the aim an extended Kalman filter (EKF is designed. To achieve good closed-loop system performance genetic algorithm (GA based optimal controller tuning procedure is applied. A standard binary encoding GA is applied. The GA parameters and operators are specified for the considered here problem. As a result the optimal PID controller settings are obtained. The simulation experiments of the control systems based on SP with EKF and without EKF are performed. The results show that the control system based on SP with EKF has a better performance than the one without EKF. For a short time the controller sets the control variable and maintains it at the desired set point during the cultivation process. As a result, a high biomass concentration of 48.3 g·l-1 is obtained at the end of the process.
Xiaoli Luan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to determine the stabilizing PID parametric region for multivariable systems. Firstly, a general equivalent transfer function parameterization method is proposed to construct the multiloop equivalent process for multivariable systems. Then, based on the equivalent single loops, a model-based method is presented to derive the stabilizing PID parametric region by using the generalized Hermite-Biehler theorem. By sweeping over the entire ranges of feasible proportional gains and determining the stabilizing regions in the space of integral and derivative gains, the complete set of stabilizing PID controllers can be determined. The robustness of the design procedure against the approximation in getting the SISO plants is analyzed. Finally, simulation of a practical model is carried out to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique.
Robust PID based power system stabiliser: Design and real-time implementation
Bevrani, Hassan [Department of Electrical and Computer Eng., University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hiyama, Takashi [Department of Electrical and Computer Eng., Kumamoto University, Kumamoto (Japan); Bevrani, Hossein [Department of Statistics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2011-02-15
This paper addresses a new robust control strategy to synthesis of robust proportional-integral-derivative (PID) based power system stabilisers (PSS). The PID based PSS design problem is reduced to find an optimal gain vector via an H{infinity} static output feedback control (H{infinity}-SOF) technique, and the solution is easily carried out using a developed iterative linear matrix inequalities algorithm. To illustrate the developed approach, a real-time experiment has been performed for a longitudinal four-machine infinite-bus system using the Analog Power System Simulator at the Research Laboratory of the Kyushu Electric Power Company. The results of the proposed control strategy are compared with full-order H{infinity} and conventional PSS designs. The robust PSS is shown to maintain the robust performance and minimise the effect of disturbances properly. (author)
A Proportional Integral Derivative (PID Feedback Control without a Subsidiary Speed Loop
M. Aboelhassan
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of this investigation is to design and describe the essential features of a brushless direct-current (BLDC motor. The static and dynamical state of the BLDC-Motor is designed and calculated.Within this frame-work, it has been shown that while working with the P-controller in conjunction with the subsidiary speed loop and PD-controller (with non-zero error in a steady state without a subsidiary speed loop, there is PID-controller without a subsidiary speed loop which has zero error in a steady state. The last part of this paper is dedicated to a simulation of the circle rounds of P and PID controllers with and without a subsidiary speed loop in MATLAB–SIMULINK to decide which of these controllers is suitable, available and reliable with a BLDC-Motor and their application in cutting tool machines in general.
基于模糊 PID 自动转向控制系统的研究%Automatic Steering Control System Research on Fuzzy PID
张长龙; 李文春; 马蓉; 任玲; 石翔
2016-01-01
Tractor automatic steering control system , to improve the automatic steering performance ,meet the job require-ments, design the parameter self-tuning fuzzy PID control .Design and implementation of fuzzy control rules and modify the PID three output scaling factor in real time ,improve the control performance of the system .And the fuzzy PID has car-ried on the modeling and simulation in MATLAB, the simulation results can be seen that this control method has good steady precision and adaptive ability , obviously improve the dynamic characteristic of the system , beneficial to the im-provement of the tractor automated driving accuracy .%在拖拉机自动转向控制系统中，为了提高自动转向性能，满足工作需求，设计了参数自整定的模糊 PID控制。同时，对模糊控制规则进行了设计，实现对PID3个输出比例因子进行实时修改，提高了系统的控制性能。对模糊PID 在MATLAB中进行了建模仿真，通过仿真结果可以看出：该控制方法有很好的稳态精度和自适应能力，明显改善了系统的动态特性，有利于拖拉机自动驾驶精度的提高。通过台架实验，验证了该控制方法的可行性。
Developing e-course Robust Constrained PID Control
Peter Ťapák
2011-04-01
Full Text Available This paper informs about the latest development of the blended learning course Robust Constrained PID Control and describes in details problems faced in evaluating independent work of students with real time experiments that represent the main element of the applied “learning by doing” and “learning by experimenting” approach. Basic features of the developed system that evaluates consistency of student’s results with the measured experimental data and possibilities of further system expansion to automation of offering to student constructive feedback are discussed. Simultaneously, by comparing all data of the Matlab workspace the developed system serves although as an excellent anti-plagiarism tool.
Research on the Robustness of an Adaptive PID Control of a Kind of Supersonic Missile
Gangling Jiao
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In this study, the dynamic characteristic of missile system is viewed as a two-loop system, such as inner loop and outer loop and we design an adaptive PID control strategy for the pitch channel linear model of supersonic missile. The robustness of a double PID controller is analyzed by changing the aerodynamic coefficients. The control law is testified to be stable even the aerodynamic coefficients are changed between 0.7 and 1.7 times of its standard value and the control effect is compared with the sliding mode control strategy. Also the advantage and defect of both control strategy are summarized at the end of this study.
Simulation Research on Control System of Brushless DC Motor Based on Fuzzy-PID
Fanneng Zhou; Changjun Qiu; Yulin Wang; Pinghu Chen
2012-01-01
To improve the overall performance of brushless DC motor (BLDCM), fuzzy-PID controller and its application in BLDCM control system are presented. Through the analysis of the mathematical models of BLDCM and combination of fuzzy control strategy and traditional PID control strategy, the modeling and simulation are done by the fuzzy control toolbox of MATLAB. The simulation results show that the fuzzy PID control speeds up response time, reduces the overshoot, and has strong robust and adaptive...
PID Neural Network Based Speed Control of Asynchronous Motor Using Programmable Logic Controller
MARABA, V. A.
2011-11-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the structure and characteristics of PID Neural Network controller for single input and single output systems. PID Neural Network is a new kind of controller that includes the advantages of artificial neural networks and classic PID controller. Functioning of this controller is based on the update of controller parameters according to the value extracted from system output pursuant to the rules of back propagation algorithm used in artificial neural networks. Parameters obtained from the application of PID Neural Network training algorithm on the speed model of the asynchronous motor exhibiting second order linear behavior were used in the real time speed control of the motor. Programmable logic controller (PLC was used as real time controller. The real time control results show that reference speed successfully maintained under various load conditions.
Active vibration control of piezoelectric bonded smart structures using PID algorithm
Zhang Shunqi; Rüdiger Schmidt; Qin Xiansheng
2015-01-01
Thin-walled structures are sensitive to vibrate under even very small disturbances. In order to design a suitable controller for vibration suppression of thin-walled smart structures, an electro-mechanically coupled finite element (FE) model of smart structures is developed based on first-order shear deformation (FOSD) hypothesis. Considering the vibrations generated by various disturbances, which include free and forced vibrations, a PID control is implemented to damp both the free and force...
GA-BASED PID NEURAL NETVVORK CONTROL FOR MAGNETIC BEARING SYSTEMS
LI Guodong; ZHANG Qingchun; LIANG Yingchun
2007-01-01
In order to overcome the system non-linearity and uncertainty inherent in magnetic bearing systems, a GA(genetic algorithm)-based PID neural network controller is designed and trained to emulate the operation of a complete system (magnetic beating, controller, and power amplifiers).The feasibility of using a neural network to control nonlinear magnetic beating systems with unknown dynamics is demonstrated. The key concept of the control scheme is to use GA to evaluate the candidate solutions (chromosomes), increase the generalization ability of PID neural network and avoid suffering from the local minima problem in network learning due to the use of gradient descent learning method. The simulation results show that the proposed architecture provides well robust performance and better reinforcement learning capability in controlling magnetic bearing systems.
Genetic Algorithm Based PID tuning for Controlling Paraplegic Humanoid Walking Movement
Hashim Ali
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Genetic Algorithm (GA is a very useful tool to search and optimize many engineering and scientific problems. In this paper, a real time enhanced biomedical model of humanoid structure is developed in MSC visual Nastran to assist the paraplegic patient. The complexity of the model is driven by the needs that the model parameters must be estimated for an eventual individual with disability. After the development of humanoid structure an inverse model is designed to estimate the joint torques. The reference trajectories of the humanoid model are obtained from MSC visual Nastran.The controllers are designed in Matlab/ Simulink for four joints which are manually tuned simultaneously to obtain the results. Afterwards, GA is used to tune the PID controllers to find the optimal solutions which are compared with manually tuned PIDs. The results are shown and hence it is proved that GA has given a better optimized control system.
REZAZADEH, A.; SEDIGHIZADEH, M.
2010-01-01
Nonlinear characteristics of wind turbines and electric generators necessitate complicated and nonlinear control of grid connected Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). This paper proposes a modified self-tuning PID control strategy, using reinforcement learning for WECS control. The controller employs Actor-Critic learning in order to tune PID parameters adaptively. These Actor-Critic learning is a special kind of reinforcement learning that uses a single wavelet neural network to appro...
Li Jing
2016-01-01
Full Text Available For the control of the liquid level of liquid ammonia in thermal power plant’s ammonia vaporization room, traditional PID controller parameter tuning is difficult to adapt to complex control systems, the setting of the traditional PID controller parameters is difficult to adapt to the complex control system. For the disadvantage of bad parameter setting, poor performance and so on the fuzzy adaptive PID control is proposed. Fuzzy adaptive PID control combines the advantages of traditional PID technology and fuzzy control. By using the fuzzy controller to intelligent control the object, the performance of the PID controller is further improved, and the control precision of the system is improved[1]. The simulation results show that the fuzzy adaptive PID controller not only has the advantages of high accuracy of PID controller, but also has the characteristics of fast and strong adaptability of fuzzy controller. It realizes the optimization of PID parameters which are in the optimal state, and the maximum increase production efficiency, so that are more suitable for nonlinear dynamic system.
Optimization of PID Controllers Using Ant Colony and Genetic Algorithms
Ünal, Muhammet; Topuz, Vedat; Erdal, Hasan
2013-01-01
Artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms and the ant colony optimization algorithm have become a highly effective tool for solving hard optimization problems. As their popularity has increased, applications of these algorithms have grown in more than equal measure. While many of the books available on these subjects only provide a cursory discussion of theory, the present book gives special emphasis to the theoretical background that is behind these algorithms and their applications. Moreover, this book introduces a novel real time control algorithm, that uses genetic algorithm and ant colony optimization algorithms for optimizing PID controller parameters. In general, the present book represents a solid survey on artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms and the ant colony optimization algorithm and introduces novel practical elements related to the application of these methods to process system control.
Gain Scheduling of PID Controller Based on Fuzzy Systems
Singh Sandeep
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This paper aims to utilize fuzzy rules and reasoning to determine the controller parameters and the PID controller generates the control signal. The objective of this study is to simulate the proposed scheme on various processes and arrive at results providing better response of the system when compared with best industrial auto-tuning technique: Ziegler-Nichols. The proposed scheme is based upon the Ultimate Gain (Ku and the Period (Tu of the system. The error and rate of change in error gains are tuned manually to get the desired response using LabVIEW. This can also be done with various optimization techniques. A thumb rule for choosing the ranges for Kc, Kd and Ki has been obtained experimentally.
S.Augustilindiya; Palani, S.; K.Vijayarekha; M.BreethiYeltsina
2013-01-01
Tuning PID controller parameters using Evolutionary algorithm for an asynchronous Buck converter is presented in this paper. PID controller is one of the solutions for controlling a Buck converter during transient conditions. There are straight forward ways for calculating the parameters for the PID controller in the literature and evolutionary algorithm based approach with a proper fitnessfunction gives superior performance when compared to other methods. Ziegler Nicholas method, Hurwitz pol...
LabVIEW FPGA Implementation Of a PID Controller For D.C. Motor Speed Control
Fakhrulddin H. Ali
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This Paper presents a novel hardware design methodology of digital control systems. For this, instead of synthesizing the control system using Very high speed integration circuit Hardware Description Language (VHDL, LabVIEW FPGA module from National Instrument (NI is used to design the whole system that include analog capture circuit to take out the analog signals (set point and process variable from the real world, PID controller module, and PWM signal generator module to drive the motor. The physical implementation of the digital system is based on Spartan-3E FPGA from Xilinx. Simulation studies of speed control of a D.C. motor are conducted and the effect of a sudden change in reference speed and load are also included.
Speed Control of DC Motor under Varying Load Using PID Controller
Muhammad Rafay Khan
2015-08-01
Full Text Available DC motors are used extensively in industrial variable speed applications because of most demanding speed-torque characteristics and are simple in controlling aspects. This paper presents a DC motor speed controlling technique under varying load condition. The linear system model of separately excited DC motor with Torque-variation is designed using PID controller. A Matlab simulation of proposed system with no-Load and full-load condition is performed on Simulink platform to observe the system response. The motor speed is kept constant in this experiment. The simulation result of the experiment shows that a motor is running approximately at a constant speed regardless of a motor load. The Simulink results show that the speed of the motor is slow down only for about 270 rpm (9% in 980 milliseconds under the effect of full load. However, the motor speed is hunting about 200 rpm (6.66% in 900 milliseconds on unloading condition. It is concluded that a PID controller is successful tool for controlling the motor speed in presence of load disturbances.
The Distribution Population-based Genetic Algorithm for Parameter Optimization PID Controller
CHENQing-Geng; WANGNing; HUANGShao-Feng
2005-01-01
Enlightened by distribution of creatures in natural ecology environment, the distribution population-based genetic algorithm (DPGA) is presented in this paper. The searching capability of the algorithm is improved by competition between distribution populations to reduce the search zone.This method is applied to design of optimal parameters of PID controllers with examples, and the simulation results show that satisfactory performances are obtained.
A Fuzzy PID Approach for the Vibration Control of the FSPM
Zhu-Feng Shao
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper focuses on the vibration control issue of a Flexibly Supported Parallel Manipulator (FSPM, which consists of a flexible support and a rigid parallel manipulator. The distinct characteristic of an FSPM is the dynamic coupling between the rigid and flexible parts, which challenges the vibration control implemented by the rigid parallel manipulator. The research object is a 40m scale model of the Feed Support System (FSS for the Five‐hundred‐meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST project, which is composed of a cable‐driven parallel manipulator, an A‐B rotator and a rigid Stewart manipulator, assembled in series. The cable‐driven parallel manipulator is sensitive to disturbances and could lead to system vibration with a large terminal error. The rigid Stewart manipulator is designed to carry out the vibration control. Considering the time‐variability, nonlinearity and dynamic coupling of an FSPM, a fuzzy proportional–integral–derivative (PID controller is introduced. The fuzzy inference rules established on the terminal error and the error change are used to adjust the PID parameters to achieve better performance. Physical experiments are carried out and the results indicate that the fuzzy PID method can effectively promote the terminal precision and maintain system stability. The control methodology proposed in this paper is quite promising for the vibration control of an FSPM.
Genetic Optimization Algorithm of PID Decoupling Control for VAV Air-Conditioning System
WANG Jiangjiang; AN Dawei; ZHANG Chunfa; JING Youyin
2009-01-01
Variable-air-volume (VAV) air-conditioning system is a multi-variable system and has multi coupling control loops. While all of the control loops are working together, they interfere and influence each other. A multi-variable decoupling PID controller is designed for VAV air-conditioning system. Diagonal matrix decoupling method is employed to eliminate the coupling between the loop of supply air temperature and that of thermal-space air temperature. The PID controller parameters are optimized by means of an improved genetic algorithm in floating point representations to obtain better performance. The population in the improved genetic algorithm mutates before crossover, which is helpful for the convergence. Additionally the micro mutation algorithm is proposed and applied to improve the convergence during the later evolution. To search the best parameters, the optimized parameters ranges should be amplified l0 times the initial ideal parameters. The simulation and experiment results show that the decoupling control system is effective and feasible. The method can overcome the strong coupling feature of the system and has shorter governing time and less over-shoot than non-optimization PID control.
Robust Speed Control of DC Servo Motor Using PID-Neural Network Hybrid Controller
Park, Wal Seo; Jeon, Jeong Chay [Wonkwang University (Korea, Republic of)
1998-02-01
Robust control for DC servo motor is needed according to the highest precision of industrial automation. However, when a motor control system with PID controller has an effect of load disturbance, it is very difficult to guarantee the robustness of control system. As a compensation method solving this problem, in this paper, PID-neural network hybrid control method for motor control system is presented. The output of neural network controller is determined by error and rate of error change occurring in load disturbance. The robust control of DC servo motor using neural network controller is demonstrated by computer simulation. (author). 6 refs., 5 figs.
This paper proposes a new optimal fuzzy logic-based-proportional-integral-derivative (FLPID) controller for load frequency control (LFC) including superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) units. Conventionally, the membership functions and control rules of fuzzy logic control are obtained by trial and error method or experiences of designers. To overcome this problem, the multiple tabu search (MTS) algorithm is applied to simultaneously tune PID gains, membership functions and control rules of FLPID controller to minimize frequency deviations of the system against load disturbances. The MTS algorithm introduces additional techniques for improvement of search process such as initialization, adaptive search, multiple searches, crossover and restarting process. Simulation results explicitly show that the performance of the optimum FLPID controller is superior to the conventional PID controller and the non-optimum FLPID controller in terms of the overshoot, settling time and robustness against variations of system parameters
Speed Control System on Marine Diesel Engine Based on a Self-Tuning Fuzzy PID Controller
Naeim Farouk
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The degree of speed control of ship machinery effects on the economics and optimization of the machinery configuration and operation. All marine vessel ranging need some sort of speed control system to control and govern the speed of the marine diesel engines. This study presents a self-tuning fuzzy PID control system for speed control system of marine diesel engine. The system under consideration is a fourth-order plant with highly dynamic and uncertain environments. The current speed controllers for marine/traction diesel engines based on PID Controller cannot fully handle the uncertainties associated with such dynamic environments. A fuzzy logic control algorithm is used to estimate the PID coefficients in order to handle such uncertainties to produce a better control performance. Simulation tests were established using Simulink of MATLAB. The obtained results have demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach. Simulation results are represented in this study.
A Nested PID Steering Control for Lane Keeping in Vision Based Autonomous Vehicles
Marino, R; SCALZI,S; Netto, M.
2009-01-01
In this paper a nested PID steering control for lane keeping in vision based autonomous vehicles is designed to perform path following in the case of roads with an uncertain curvature. The control input is the steering wheel angle: it is designed on the basis of the yaw rate, measured by a gyroscope, and the lateral offset, measured by the vision system as the distance between the road centerline and a virtual point at a fixed distance from the vehicle. No lateral acceleration and no lateral ...
Afsaneh Salehi
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Refer to this paper, an intelligent-fuzzy feed-forward computed torque estimator for Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID controller is proposed for highly nonlinear continuum robot manipulator. In the absence of robot knowledge, PID may be the best controller, because it is model-free, and its parameters can be adjusted easily and separately and it is the most used in robot manipulators. In order to remove steady-state error caused by uncertainties and noise, the integrator gain has to be increased. This leads to worse transient performance, even destroys the stability. The integrator in a PID controller also reduces the bandwidth of the closed-loop system. Model-based compensation for PD control is an alternative method to substitute PID control. Computed torque compensation is one of the nonlinear compensator. The main problem of the pure computed torque compensator (CTC was highly nonlinear dynamic parameters which related to system’s dynamic parameters in certain and uncertain systems. The nonlinear equivalent dynamic problem in uncertain system is solved by using feed-forward fuzzy inference system. To eliminate the continuum robot manipulator system’s dynamic; Mamdani fuzzy inference system is design and applied to CTC. This methodology is based on design feed-forward fuzzy inference system and applied to CTC. The results demonstrate that the model base feed-forward fuzzy CTC estimator works well to compensate linear PID controller in presence of partly uncertainty system (e.g., continuum robot.
An improved auto-tuning scheme for PID controllers.
Dey, Chanchal; Mudi, Rajani K
2009-10-01
An improved auto-tuning scheme is proposed for Ziegler-Nichols (ZN) tuned PID controllers (ZNPIDs), which usually provide excessively large overshoots, not tolerable in most of the situations, for high-order and nonlinear processes. To overcome this limitation ZNPIDs are upgraded by some easily interpretable heuristic rules through an online gain modifying factor defined on the instantaneous process states. This study is an extension of our earlier work [Mudi RK., Dey C. Lee TT. An improved auto-tuning scheme for PI controllers. ISA Trans 2008; 47: 45-52] to ZNPIDs, thereby making the scheme suitable for a wide range of processes and more generalized too. The proposed augmented ZNPID (AZNPID) is tested on various high-order linear and nonlinear dead-time processes with improved performance over ZNPID, refined ZNPID (RZNPID), and other schemes reported in the literature. Stability issues are addressed for linear processes. Robust performance of AZNPID is observed while changing its tunable parameters as well as the process dead-time. The proposed scheme is also implemented on a real time servo-based position control system. PMID:19647819
PID控制器性能评价%Performance Assessment of a PID Controller
左信; 孙金明
2005-01-01
Performance assessment of a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is condueted using the PIDachievable minimum variance as a benchmark. When the process model is unknown, we can estimate the PID-achievable minimum variance and the corresponding parameters by routine closed-loop operation data. Simulation results show that the process output variance is reduced by retuning controller parameters.
The Research of PID Control in a Large Scale Helium Refrigerator
Pan, W.; Wu, J. H.; Li, L. F.; Liu, H. M.; Li, Q.
2015-12-01
In the development of a helium refrigerator, the control of load temperature stability is an important requirement. We usually use multistage control strategies to achieve the precise control of it. Each level has its strict control logic. PID controllers are the core control module in the process. Therefore, a research of its principle and parameters’ setting occupies an important position in the development work. This paper detailed describes the PID control principle used in a large scale helium refrigerator of 10kW@20K, as well as several improvements on PID parameters’ setting, by using simulations and experiments in combination. The temperature is eventually controlled more precise.
Position Control of a Pneumatic Muscle Actuator Using RBF Neural Network Tuned PID Controller
Jie Zhao
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Pneumatic Muscle Actuator (PMA has a broad application prospect in soft robotics. However, PMA has highly nonlinear and hysteretic properties among force, displacement, and pressure, which lead to difficulty in accurate position control. A phenomenological model is developed to portray the hysteretic behavior of PMA. This phenomenological model consists of linear component and hysteretic component force. The latter component is described by Duhem model. An experimental apparatus is built up and sets of experimental data are acquired. Based on the experimental data, parameters of the model are identified. Validation of the model is performed. Then a novel cascade position PID controller is devised for a 1-DOF manipulator actuated by PMA. The outer loop of the controller is to cope with position control whilst the inner loop deals with pressure dynamics within PMA. To enhance the adaptability of the PID algorithm to the high nonlinearities of the manipulator, PID parameters are tuned online using RBF Neural Network. Experiments are performed and comparison between position response of RBF Neural Network based PID controller and that of classic PID controller demonstrates the effectiveness of the novel adaptive controller on the manipulator.
Multi-Drive Paper System Control Based on Multi-Input Multi-Output PID Controller
Boumediène ALLAOUA
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Paper industries require several drives for paper processing. Electronic synchronization has to be ensured for quality of produced paper rolls. Several control strategies of multi-input multi-output (MIMO system (multivariable system have been suggested based on robust control or electronic emulation of mechanical line shaft. In this paper, a multivariable proportional-integral-derivative (PID controller applied on multi-drive paper system (MDPS. The proposed controller has superior feature, including easy implementation, stable convergence characteristics and very good computational performances efficiency. The multivariable PID controller is modeled in MATLAB environment. The speed control of MDPS (in our case is a triple drive system based on multivariable PID is more proficient in improving the speed loop response stability, the steady state error is reduced, the rising time is perfected and the disturbances do not affect the performances of driving motors with no overtaking.
Optimal fractional order PID design via Tabu Search based algorithm.
Ateş, Abdullah; Yeroglu, Celaleddin
2016-01-01
This paper presents an optimization method based on the Tabu Search Algorithm (TSA) to design a Fractional-Order Proportional-Integral-Derivative (FOPID) controller. All parameter computations of the FOPID employ random initial conditions, using the proposed optimization method. Illustrative examples demonstrate the performance of the proposed FOPID controller design method. PMID:26652128
Tuning of IMC based PID controllers for integrating systems with time delay.
Kumar, D B Santosh; Padma Sree, R
2016-07-01
Design of Proportional Integral and Derivative (PID) controllers based on IMC principles for various types of integrating systems with time delay is proposed. PID parameters are given in terms of process model parameters and a tuning parameter. The tuning parameter is IMC filter time constant. In the present work, the IMC filter (Q) is chosen in such a manner that the order of the denominator of IMC controller is one less than the order of the numerator. The IMC filter time constant (λ) is tuned in such a way that a good compromise is made between performance and robustness for both servo and regulatory problems. To improve servo response of the controller a set point filter is designed such that the closed loop response is similar to that of first order plus time delay system. The proposed controller design method is applied to various transfer function models and to the non-linear model equations of jacketed CSTR to demonstrate its applicability and effectiveness. The performance of the proposed controller is compared with the recently reported methods in terms of IAE and ITAE. The smooth functioning of the controller is determined in terms of total variation and compared with recently reported methods. Simulation studies are carried out on various integrating systems with time delay to show the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed controllers. PMID:27087135
Optimized linear motor and digital PID controller setup used in Mössbauer spectrometer
Kohout, Pavel; Kouřil, Lukáš; Navařík, Jakub; Novák, Petr; Pechoušek, Jiří
2014-10-01
Optimization of a linear motor and digital PID controller setup used in a Mössbauer spectrometer is presented. Velocity driving system with a digital PID feedback subsystem was developed in the LabVIEW graphical environment and deployed on the sbRIO real-time hardware device (National Instruments). The most important data acquisition processes are performed as real-time deterministic tasks on an FPGA chip. Velocity transducer of a double loudspeaker type with a power amplifier circuit is driven by the system. Series of calibration measurements were proceeded to find the optimal setup of the P, I, D parameters together with velocity error signal analysis. The shape and given signal characteristics of the velocity error signal are analyzed in details. Remote applications for controlling and monitoring the PID system from computer or smart phone, respectively, were also developed. The best setup and P, I, D parameters were set and calibration spectrum of α-Fe sample with an average nonlinearity of the velocity scale below 0.08% was collected. Furthermore, the width of the spectral line below 0.30 mm/s was observed. Powerful and complex velocity driving system was designed.
MULTI OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION OF VEHICLE ACTIVE SUSPENSION SYSTEM USING DEBBO BASED PID CONTROLLER
Kalaivani Rajagopal
2014-03-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes the Multi Objective Optimization (MOO of Vehicle Active Suspension System (VASS with a hybrid Differential Evolution (DE based Biogeography-Based Optimization (BBO (DEBBO for the parameter tuning of Proportional Integral Derivative (PID controller. Initially a conventional PID controller, secondly a BBO, an rising nature enthused global optimization procedure based on the study of the ecological distribution of biological organisms and a hybridized DEBBO algorithm which inherits the behaviours of BBO and DE have been used to find the tuning parameters of the PID controller to improve the performance of VASS by considering a MOO function as the performance index. Simulations of passive system, active system having PID controller with and without optimizations have been performed by considering dual and triple bump kind of road disturbances in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The simulation results show the effectiveness of DEBBO based PID (DEBBOPID in achieving the goal.
IMC-PID design based on model matching approach and closed-loop shaping.
Jin, Qi B; Liu, Q
2014-03-01
Motivated by the limitations of the conventional internal model control (IMC), this communication addresses the design of IMC-based PID in terms of the robust performance of the control system. The IMC controller form is obtained by solving an H-infinity problem based on the model matching approach, and the parameters are determined by closed-loop shaping. The shaping of the closed-loop transfer function is considered both for the set-point tracking and for the load disturbance rejection. The design procedure is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem which is solved by a specific optimization algorithm. A nice feature of this design method is that it permits a clear tradeoff between robustness and performance. Simulation examples show that the proposed method is effective and has a wide applicability. PMID:24280534
Kesavan.E; Rakesh kumar.S
2013-01-01
This paper suggests an idea to design an adaptive PID controller for Non-linear liquid tank System and is implemented in PLC. Online estimation of linear parameters (Time constant and Gain) brings an exact model of the process to take perfect control action. Based on these estimated values, the controller parameters will be well tuned by internal model control. Internal model control is an unremarkably used technique and provides well tuned controller in order to have a good controlling proce...
PID self tuning control based on Mamdani fuzzy logic control for quadrotor stabilization
Priyambodo, Tri Kuntoro, E-mail: mastri@ugm.ac.id; Putra, Agfianto Eko [Aerospace and Aeronautics Electronics Research Group, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta (Indonesia); Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta (Indonesia); Dharmawan, Andi, E-mail: andi-dharmawan@ugm.ac.id [Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta (Indonesia)
2016-02-01
Quadrotor as one type of UAV have the ability to perform Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL). It allows the Quadrotor to be stationary hovering in the air. PID (Proportional Integral Derivative) control system is one of the control methods that are commonly used. It is usually used to optimize the Quadrotor stabilization at least based on the three Eulerian angles (roll, pitch, and yaw) as input parameters for the control system. The three constants of PID can be obtained in various methods. The simplest method is tuning manually. This method has several weaknesses. For example if the three constants are not exact, the resulting response will deviate from the desired result. By combining the methods of PID with fuzzy logic systems where human expertise is implemented into the machine language is expected to further optimize the control system.
PID self tuning control based on Mamdani fuzzy logic control for quadrotor stabilization
Quadrotor as one type of UAV have the ability to perform Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL). It allows the Quadrotor to be stationary hovering in the air. PID (Proportional Integral Derivative) control system is one of the control methods that are commonly used. It is usually used to optimize the Quadrotor stabilization at least based on the three Eulerian angles (roll, pitch, and yaw) as input parameters for the control system. The three constants of PID can be obtained in various methods. The simplest method is tuning manually. This method has several weaknesses. For example if the three constants are not exact, the resulting response will deviate from the desired result. By combining the methods of PID with fuzzy logic systems where human expertise is implemented into the machine language is expected to further optimize the control system
Active sway control of a gantry crane using hybrid input shaping and PID control schemes
Mohd Tumari, M. Z.; Shabudin, L.; Zawawi, M. A.; Shah, L. H. Ahmad
2013-12-01
This project presents investigations into the development of hybrid input-shaping and PID control schemes for active sway control of a gantry crane system. The application of positive input shaping involves a technique that can reduce the sway by creating a common signal that cancels its own vibration and used as a feed-forward control which is for controlling the sway angle of the pendulum, while the proportional integral derivative (PID) controller is used as a feedback control which is for controlling the crane position. The PID controller was tuned using Ziegler-Nichols method to get the best performance of the system. The hybrid input-shaping and PID control schemes guarantee a fast input tracking capability, precise payload positioning and very minimal sway motion. The modeling of gantry crane is used to simulate the system using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The results of the response with the controllers are presented in time domains and frequency domains. The performances of control schemes are examined in terms of level of input tracking capability, sway angle reduction and time response specification.
Active sway control of a gantry crane using hybrid input shaping and PID control schemes
This project presents investigations into the development of hybrid input-shaping and PID control schemes for active sway control of a gantry crane system. The application of positive input shaping involves a technique that can reduce the sway by creating a common signal that cancels its own vibration and used as a feed-forward control which is for controlling the sway angle of the pendulum, while the proportional integral derivative (PID) controller is used as a feedback control which is for controlling the crane position. The PID controller was tuned using Ziegler-Nichols method to get the best performance of the system. The hybrid input-shaping and PID control schemes guarantee a fast input tracking capability, precise payload positioning and very minimal sway motion. The modeling of gantry crane is used to simulate the system using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The results of the response with the controllers are presented in time domains and frequency domains. The performances of control schemes are examined in terms of level of input tracking capability, sway angle reduction and time response specification
US Agency for International Development — PIDS is the web-based system designed to allow data input and consultative sessions by USAID/Liberia's IPs and USAID personnel. It is established and maintained by...
Fuzzy PID Control Method for Internet-based Tele-operation Manipulators System
Wei Gao
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Trajectory tracking control problem for internet-based tele-operation system is researched in this paper. The control structure of master and slave tele-operation manipulators adapts bilateral servo control architecture with force deviation feedback. The simulation model of three degrees of freedom (3-DOF manipulator is presented. In order to ensure the synchronization of positions of the master and slave manipulators, a fuzzy PID control method is proposed. This control algorithm is to adjust the three parameters of PID controller online by fuzzy control method. The contrast simulation experiments of PID and fuzzy PID control methods show that the proposed control method can effectively improve the force and position tracking performance and reduce time delay.
Position Control of Pneumatic Actuator Using Self-Regulation Nonlinear PID
Syed Najib Syed Salim
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The enhancement of nonlinear PID (N-PID controller for a pneumatic positioning system is proposed to improve the performance of this controller. This is executed by utilizing the characteristic of rate variation of the nonlinear gain that is readily available in N-PID controller. The proposed equation, namely, self-regulation nonlinear function (SNF, is used to reprocess the error signal with the purpose of generating the value of the rate variation, continuously. With the addition of this function, a new self-regulation nonlinear PID (SN-PID controller is proposed. The proposed controller is then implemented to a variably loaded pneumatic actuator. Simulation and experimental tests are conducted with different inputs, namely, step, multistep, and random waveforms, to evaluate the performance of the proposed technique. The results obtained have been proven as a novel initiative at examining and identifying the characteristic based on a new proposal controller resulting from N-PID controller. The transient response is improved by a factor of 2.2 times greater than previous N-PID technique. Moreover, the performance of pneumatic positioning system is remarkably good under various loads.
船用蒸汽发生器水位的模糊自适应 PID 控制%A Fuzzy Adaptive PID Water Level Control System for Marine Steam Generators
张永生; 赵淑琴
2013-01-01
为了改善蒸汽发生器水位控制的控制效果，根据模糊控制的基本原理，设计了蒸汽发生器的模糊自适应 PID 水位控制器，该控制器的模糊推理系统能够根据水位误差与误差变化率对 PID 参数进行在线整定。借助Matlab/Simulink 仿真平台，建立蒸汽发生器的仿真模型，对模糊自适应 PID 水位控制进行试验验证，计算工况为蒸汽负荷阶跃下降30%。结果表明，与常规 PID 控制相比，模糊自适应 PID 控制的超调量减小了约35%，调节时间缩短了约50%，提高了水位控制系统的控制品质。% To improve the performance of steam generators in water level control,an adaptive fuzzy PID level controller for steam generators is designed based on the fundamentals of fuzzy control theory. The fuzzy inference system of the controller is capable of on-line auto-tuning of PID parameters by making use of the water level error and error rate. To validate the design,simulation models of the steam generator were first established resorting to the Matlab/Simulink simulation platform,and experiments on the fuzzy adaptive PID level control system were then conducted under an operating condition with 30% drop in steam load steps. The results show that the fuzzy adaptive PID control,compared with the conventional PID control mode,reduces overshoot and shortens regulating time by approximately 35% and 50%,respec⁃tively,which improves the overall control performance of the level control system.
A Method for Precision Closed-Loop Irrigation Using a Modified PID Control Algorithm
Goodchild, Martin; Kühn, Karl; Jenkins, Malcolm; Burek, Kazimierz; Dutton, Andrew
2016-04-01
The benefits of closed-loop irrigation control have been demonstrated in grower trials which show the potential for improved crop yields and resource usage. Managing water use by controlling irrigation in response to soil moisture changes to meet crop water demands is a popular approach but requires knowledge of closed-loop control practice. In theory, to obtain precise closed-loop control of a system it is necessary to characterise every component in the control loop to derive the appropriate controller parameters, i.e. proportional, integral & derivative (PID) parameters in a classic PID controller. In practice this is often difficult to achieve. Empirical methods are employed to estimate the PID parameters by observing how the system performs under open-loop conditions. In this paper we present a modified PID controller, with a constrained integral function, that delivers excellent regulation of soil moisture by supplying the appropriate amount of water to meet the needs of the plant during the diurnal cycle. Furthermore, the modified PID controller responds quickly to changes in environmental conditions, including rainfall events which can result in: controller windup, under-watering and plant stress conditions. The experimental work successfully demonstrates the functionality of a constrained integral PID controller that delivers robust and precise irrigation control. Coir substrate strawberry growing trial data is also presented illustrating soil moisture control and the ability to match water deliver to solar radiation.
Juli Sardi
2014-09-01
Full Text Available In the present study, bioimpedance signals of human body was utilized to control speed of a wheelchair movement. A bioimpedance is electrically passive part contained the body tissues. The research is one of alternative solutions for patients with paralysis of the upper and lower limb. Firstly, design of system of the research consisted of bioimpedance measuring instruments and a mechanical design of the wheelchair. Bioimpedance measurement was performed by injecting a sinusoidal current source of 0.5 mArms with a frequency of 50 kHz to muscle tissue (shoulder to obtain the output voltage in the range of 0-5 Vdc. With impulse and manual thresholding methods, the voltage signal was classified into several controls command to adjust the speed and direction of the wheelchair control based on PID Controller. The experimental result of the research was realization of bioimpedance signal that used as a reference to control the direction and speed of the wheelchair with a success rate of 86.7 %. A wheelchair velocity was classified into three types of motion, namely slow, medium and fast. Slow speed has a rated speed of 30 Cm/s, medium speed value speed of 40 Cm/s and fast speed value of 50 Cm/s. The wheelchair can also turn to the left and the right in accordance with the wishes of wheelchair user beside to moving forward.
Multi-Objective PID-Controller Tuning for a Magnetic Levitation System using NSGA-II
Pedersen, Gerulf K. M.; Yang, Zhenyu
2006-01-01
This paper investigates the issue of PID-controller parameter tuning for a magnetic levitation system using the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II). The magnetic levitation system is inherently unstable and the PID-controller parameters are hard to find using conventional methods....... Based on four different performance measures, derived from the step response of the levitation system, the algorithm is used to find a set of non-dominated parameters for a PID-controller that can stabilize the system and minimize the performance measures....
The Redundant Arm Self-motion Control Based on Self-tuning Fuzzy PID Controller
Liu Yu(刘宇); Sun Lining; Du Zhijiang
2004-01-01
A fuzzy control algorithm based on self-tuning PID proportional factor is presented. To a certain degree, it overcomes robot motion control's nonlinearity and uncertainty caused by joints coupled and friction, and decreases overshoot of end manipulator's tracking desired curves. The controller's structure is very simple but effective. With this control method, a 7-DOF redundant arm's self-motion developed by the authors is investigated. Research results show that the said controller restrains track overshoot and possesses preferable merits.
Parul Arora, Alok Gupta
2013-10-01
Full Text Available Two Control strategies are developed to control the molecular weight in emulsion polymerization by manipulating flow-rates of water stream of jacket in first case study and the power of heater in another study. The control strategies were validated with experimental data of emulsion polymerization using Methyl methacrylate as monomer. PID controller is used to control the temperature of the reactor in both the case studies.
A fuzzy PID-controlled SMA actuator for a two-DOF joint
Shi Zhenyun
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Shape memory alloy (SMA actuator is a potential advanced component for servo-systems of aerospace vehicles and aircraft. This paper presents a joint with two degrees of freedom (DOF and a mobility range close to ±60° when driven by SMA triple wires. The fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative (PID-controlled actuator drive was designed using antagonistic SMA triple wires, and the resistance feedback signal made a closed loop. Experiments showed that, with the driving responding frequency increasing, the overstress became harder to be avoided at the position under the maximum friction force. Furthermore, the hysteresis gap between the heating and cooling paths of the strain-to-resistance curve expanded under this condition. A fuzzy logic control was considered as a solution, and the curves of the wires were then modeled by fitting polynomials so that the measured resistance was used directly to determine the control signal. Accurate control was demonstrated through the step response, and the experimental results showed that under the fuzzy PID-control program, the mean absolute error (MAE of the rotation angle was about 3.147°. In addition, the investigation of the external interference to the system proved the controllable maximum output.
On Saturated PID Controllers for Industrial Robots: the PA10 Robot Arm as Case of Study
Orrante-Sakanassi, Jorge; Santibanez, Victor; Campa, Ricardo
2010-01-01
In this chapter we have proposed an alternative to the saturated nonlinear PID controller previously presented by SantibaÃ±ez et al. (2010) which, also, results from the practical implementation of the classical PID controller, by considering the natural saturations of the electronics in the control computer, servo drivers, and actuators. The stability analysis of the closedâ€“loop system is carried out by using the singular perturbation theory. Based on auxiliary Lyapunov functions, we prove...
S.Augustilindiya
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Tuning PID controller parameters using Evolutionary algorithm for an asynchronous Buck converter is presented in this paper. PID controller is one of the solutions for controlling a Buck converter during transient conditions. There are straight forward ways for calculating the parameters for the PID controller in the literature and evolutionary algorithm based approach with a proper fitnessfunction gives superior performance when compared to other methods. Ziegler Nicholas method, Hurwitz polynomial method and Genetic Algorithm based method are compared. It is found that Genetic Algorithm based method yields better result. The hardware implementation of Genetic Algorithm assisted PID controller with low cost is desired and such an implementation is taken in this paper. A low cost microcontroller with built-in PWM modules is implemented and the performance is compared with simulations.
The Self-Adaptive Fuzzy PID Controller in Actuator Simulated Loading System
Chuanhui Zhang
2013-05-01
Full Text Available This paper analyzes the structure principle of the actuator simulated loading system with variable stiffness, and establishes the simplified model. What’s more, it also does a research on the application of the self-adaptive tuning of fuzzy PID(Proportion Integration Differentiation in actuator simulated loading system with variable stiffness. Because the loading system is connected with the steering system by a spring rod, there must be strong coupling. Besides, there are also the parametric variations accompanying with the variations of the stiffness. Based on compensation from the feed-forward control on the disturbance brought by the motion of steering engine, the system performance can be improved by using fuzzy adaptive adjusting PID control to make up the changes of system parameter caused by the changes of the stiffness. By combining the fuzzy control with traditional PID control, fuzzy adaptive PID control is able to choose the parameters more properly.
Comparison between Conventional and Fuzzy Logic PID Controllers for Controlling DC Motors
Essam Natsheh
2010-09-01
Full Text Available Fuzzy logic and proportional-integral-derivative (PID controllers are compared for use in direct current (DC motors positioning system. A simulation study of the PID position controller for the armature-controlled with fixed field and field controlled with fixed armature current DC motors is performed. Fuzzy rules and the inferencing mechanism of the fuzzy logic controller (FLC are evaluated by using conventional rule-lookup tables that encode the control knowledge in a rules form. The performance assessment of the studied position controllers is based on transient response and error integral criteria. The results obtained from the FLC are not only superior in the rise time, speed fluctuations, and percent overshoot but also much better in the controller output signal structure, which is much remarkable in terms of the hardware implementation.
Please no more PID tuning rules
Oliveira, Paulo; Cunha, José Boaventura; Coelho, J. P.
2002-01-01
Despite the large number of existent design and tunig techniques, adequate PID controller tuning by plant operations is still not accomplished in many process control loops. The particle swarm optimisation algorithms is proposed as an alternative technique to design and tune PID controllers for linear single-input single-output systems. This evolutionary approach is illustrated by a simulation example, in which the PID is used to control a set of models that represents a wide variety of proce...
孙大鹰; 徐申; 孙伟锋; 陆生礼
2014-01-01
为了提高数字DC-DC变换器的瞬态响应性能，设计了一种基于数字预测控制方法的模糊PID控制器。该控制器根据Buck型DC-DC变换器的电路结构，准确预测单个开关周期或多个开关周期后的负载电压和电感电流，以克服环路时延对系统瞬态响应的影响；同时，在基本PID控制基础上引入模糊控制，实时在线调整PID控制参数，以克服变换器的非线性特性对瞬态能力的影响。所设计数字控制器经FPGA验证，结果表明，与基本PID控制相比，所设计数字预测模糊PID控制器能有效提高变换器的瞬态响应能力，变换器的瞬态响应时间缩短1/3，电压超调量小于5％。%To improve the transient response of digital DC-DC converter,a digital fuzzy proportion-al-integral-derivative (PID)controller with a prediction algorithm is proposed.In the digital control-ler,the output voltage and inductance current after one cycle or multiple cycles are predicted accu-rately based on the circuit structure of Buck DC-DC converter,which overcomes the influence of loop time delay on the transient response.Meanwhile,fuzzy control is introduced in the basic PID control to overcome the influence of the nonlinear characteristics of converter on the transient re-sponse through the real-time online regulation of PID control parameters.The proposed digital con-troller is implemented by the field programmable gate array (FPGA ).The results of verification show that the proposed controller can effectively improve the transient response of converter com-pared with basic PID control.The transient response time of converter can decrease by one third and the voltage overshoot is less than 5%.
Real-Time Control of a DC Servo Motor with Variable Load Using PID-Learning Controller
Kim, S. H. [Halla University, Wonju (Korea); Chung, I. S.; Kang, Y. H.; Nam, M. H.; Kim, L. K. [Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea)
2001-03-01
This paper deals with speed control of DC servo motor using a PID controller with a gain tuning based on a Back-Propagation(BP) Learning Algorithm. Conventionally a PID controller has been used in the industrial control. But a PID controller should produce suitable parameters for each system. Also, variables of the PID controller should be changed according to environment, disturbance and loads. In this paper described by a experiment that contained a method using a PID controller with a gain tuning based on a Back-Propagation(BP) Learning Algorithm, we developed speed characteristics of a DC servo motor on variable loads. The parameters of the controller are determined by neural network performed on on-line system after training the neural network on off-line system. (author). 15 refs., 14 figs., 5 tabs.
PID feedback controller used as a tactical asset allocation technique: The G.A.M. model
Gandolfi, G.; Sabatini, A.; Rossolini, M.
2007-09-01
The objective of this paper is to illustrate a tactical asset allocation technique utilizing the PID controller. The proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is widely applied in most industrial processes; it has been successfully used for over 50 years and it is used by more than 95% of the plants processes. It is a robust and easily understood algorithm that can provide excellent control performance in spite of the diverse dynamic characteristics of the process plant. In finance, the process plant, controlled by the PID controller, can be represented by financial market assets forming a portfolio. More specifically, in the present work, the plant is represented by a risk-adjusted return variable. Money and portfolio managers’ main target is to achieve a relevant risk-adjusted return in their managing activities. In literature and in the financial industry business, numerous kinds of return/risk ratios are commonly studied and used. The aim of this work is to perform a tactical asset allocation technique consisting in the optimization of risk adjusted return by means of asset allocation methodologies based on the PID model-free feedback control modeling procedure. The process plant does not need to be mathematically modeled: the PID control action lies in altering the portfolio asset weights, according to the PID algorithm and its parameters, Ziegler-and-Nichols-tuned, in order to approach the desired portfolio risk-adjusted return efficiently.
Fitzpatrick, Clare K; Baldwin, Mark A; Clary, Chadd W; Maletsky, Lorin P; Rullkoetter, Paul J
2014-01-01
Validated computational knee simulations are valuable tools for design phase development of knee replacement devices. Recently, a dynamic finite element (FE) model of the Kansas knee simulator was kinematically validated during gait and deep flexion cycles. In order to operate the computational simulator in the same manner as the experiment, a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller was interfaced with the FE model to control the quadriceps actuator excursion and produce a target flexion profile regardless of implant geometry or alignment conditions. The controller was also expanded to operate multiple actuators simultaneously in order to produce in vivo loading conditions at the joint during dynamic activities. Subsequently, the fidelity of the computational model was improved through additional muscle representation and inclusion of relative hip-ankle anterior-posterior (A-P) motion. The PID-controlled model was able to successfully recreate in vivo loading conditions (flexion angle, compressive joint load, medial-lateral load distribution or varus-valgus torque, internal-external torque, A-P force) for deep knee bend, chair rise, stance-phase gait and step-down activities. PMID:22687046
Jantzen, Jan
1998-01-01
Design of a fuzzy controller requires more design decisions than usual, for example regarding rule base, inference engine, defuzzification, and data pre- and post processing. This tutorial paper identifies and describes the design choices related to single-loop fuzzy control, based on an...... international standard which is underway. The paper contains also a design approach, which uses a PID controller as a starting point. A design engineer can view the paper as an introduction to fuzzy controller design....
Gang Qin
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The acceleration performance of EV, which affects a lot of performances of EV such as start-up, overtaking, driving safety, and ride comfort, has become increasingly popular in recent researches. An improved variable gain PID control algorithm to improve the acceleration performance is proposed in this paper. The results of simulation with Matlab/Simulink demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm through the control performance of motor velocity, motor torque, and three-phase current of motor. Moreover, it is investigated that the proposed controller is valid by comparison with the other PID controllers. Furthermore, the AC induction motor experiment set is constructed to verify the effect of proposed controller.
Fuzzy-PID control algorithm of a loop reactor for microbial corrosion testing
D. Rangel-Miranda
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The thermal control of loop reactor utilized to run hydrodynamic tests of microbical corrosion, where full control of the temperature is crucial, is presented. Since the accuracy of the temperature is critical along the pipe trajectory for the microbial culture, it must be controlled with an accuracy of ± 0.5°C, which is achieved by an implemented fuzzy-PID (Proportional Integral and Derivative control algorithm, capable to provide the accuracy at the temperature range required. The system counts with an especially-designed software to program the desired temperature. Several tests were carried out at different temperatures and water volumes to characterize the rising time and thermal inertia presented by the system. As a result, the performance and power consumption were notability improved.
MATTER-ELEMENT MODELING OF PARALLEL STRUCTURE AND APPLICATION ABOUT EXTENSION PID CONTROL SYSTEM
Rongde LU; Zonghai CHEN
2006-01-01
This article describes in detail a new method via the extension predictable algorithm of the matter-element model of parallel structure tuning the parameters of the extension PID controller. In comparison with fuzzy and extension PID controllers, the proposed extension PID predictable controller shows higher control gains when system states are away from equilibrium, and retains a lower profile of control signals at the same time. Consequently, better control performance is achieved. Through the proposed tuning formula, the weighting factors of an extension-logic predictable controller can be systematically selected according to the control plant. An experimental example through industrial field data and site engineers' experience demonstrates the superior performance of the proposed controller over the fuzzy controller.
HUO Hai-bo; ZHU Xin-jian; CAO Guang-yi
2007-01-01
A kind of new design method for two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) PID regulator was presented, in which, a new global search heuristic--improved generalized extremal optimization (GEO) algorithm is applied to the parameter optimization design of 2DOF PID regulator. The simulated results show that very good dynamic response performance of both command tracking and disturbance rejection characteristics can be achieved simultaneously. At the same time, the comparisons of simulation results with the improved GA, the basic GEO and the improved GEO were given. From the comparisons, it is shown that the improved GEO algorithm is competitive in performance with the GA and basic GEO and is an attractive tool to be used in the design of two-degree-of-freedom PID regulator.
Nonlinear Dynamics Study Of Voltage Mode Controlled DC Drive With PID Controller
Sukumar Das; Shubhajit Pal
2014-01-01
This paper presents a non-linear dynamic model of a voltage controlled PMDC motor drive, based on the state vector analysis of the system is conducted. Proportional-Integral-derivative (PID) is the techniques proposed in this investigation to control the speed of a dc motor, revealing the periodic and chaotic phenomenon under different system parameter. Mathematical analysis and computer simulation are attached to verify the proposed non-linear model of the PMDC motor.
S.Swathi,; V. Vijaya Kumar Nayak
2014-01-01
This paper deals with the electronic load controller for self exited induction generator using PID plus fuzzy logic controller. The self-excited induction generators (SEIGs) are considered to be well suited for generating electricity by means of conventional energy sources and for supplying electrical energy in remote and rural areas. Induction generators have many advantages such as cost, reduced maintenance, rugged, and simple construction, brushless rotor (squirrel cage). A...
Reinforcement Learning Adaptive PID Controller for an Under-actuated Robot Arm
Adel Akbarimajd
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Abstract: An adaptive PID controller is used to control of a two degrees of freedom under actuated manipulator. An actor-critic based reinforcement learning is employed for tuning of parameters of the adaptive PID controller. Reinforcement learning is an unsupervised scheme wherein no reference exists to which convergence of algorithm is anticipated. Thus, it is appropriate for real time applications. Controller structure and learning equations as well as update rules are provided. Simulations are performed in SIMULINK and performance of the controller is compared with NARMA-L2 controller. The results verified good performance of the controller in tracking and disturbance rejection tests.
Automatic PID Tuning Based on Genetic Algorithm for Botnia Soccer Robots
Gong, Pengju
2012-01-01
Current PID parameters of botnia soccer robot are experiential predefined. Those PID parameters are fixed on different field surface, which make the PID controller cannot perform very well. To get appropriate PID parameters based on the specific field, the genetic algorithm was used to tune the PID parameters automatically. In this thesis, a genetic algorithm program used to tune botnia soccer robot PID parameters has been designed. Meanwhile, this design has been simulated with Matlab and...
桥式起重机PSO-PID防摆控制器的设计%Design of an PSO-PID Anti-sway Controller for Overhead Crane
杜文正; 谢政; 童国林
2013-01-01
The two-dimension action mathematical model of overhead crane was built.An anti-swing control method was presented for overhead crane via PID controller,in which the PSO algorithm was used to optimize the PID parameters.The MATLAB/Simulink simulation results show that the crane trolley can be positioned accurately,and the swing of hanging weight system can be effectively restrained,which prove this method is effective.%以桥式起重机吊重防摆控制为研究对象,建立了吊重系统二维运动的数学模型,利用PSO算法优化PID参数,设计了基于粒子群算法优化的PID防摆控制器.MATLAB/Simulink仿真结果表明:采用PID参数被PSO算法优化的控制器后,起重机小车实现了无超调、无静差的快速定位,同时吊重系统摆动得到了快速有效的抑制,证明了该方法的有效性.
S.Swathi,
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the electronic load controller for self exited induction generator using PID plus fuzzy logic controller. The self-excited induction generators (SEIGs are considered to be well suited for generating electricity by means of conventional energy sources and for supplying electrical energy in remote and rural areas. Induction generators have many advantages such as cost, reduced maintenance, rugged, and simple construction, brushless rotor (squirrel cage. A three phase induction generator can be operated on a delta connection for supplying single phase loads. The main disadvantage of SEIG has is that it poor voltage regulation, and its value depends on the prime mover speed, capacitance, load current and power factor of the load. The electronic load controller (ELC can be used for maintaining constant voltage and frequency of SEIG with variable consumer load driven by constant prime mover. This paper presents the simulation design and implementation of ELC using fuzzy logic method for an SEIG feeding single-phase load. The ELC consist of a rectifier, IGBT as a chopper switch, PI controller, voltage sensor, and resistive dump load in which power consumption was varied through the duty cycle of the chopper. However an ELC consist of electronics system, in general, has complex nonlinear model with parameter variation problem, and the control need to be very fast. The fuzzy logic based controller gives nonlinear control with fast response and virtually no overshoot. The simulation of ELC for self exited induction generator is carried out on MATLAB/SIMULINK. By this proposed ELC using FLC for SEIG we can maintain the constant voltage and frequency of SEIG with variable consumer load.
Sharma, Richa; Gaur, Prerna; Mittal, A P
2015-09-01
The robotic manipulators are multi-input multi-output (MIMO), coupled and highly nonlinear systems. The presence of external disturbances and time-varying parameters adversely affects the performance of these systems. Therefore, the controller designed for these systems should effectively deal with such complexities, and it is an intriguing task for control engineers. This paper presents two-degree of freedom fractional order proportional-integral-derivative (2-DOF FOPID) controller scheme for a two-link planar rigid robotic manipulator with payload for trajectory tracking task. The tuning of all controller parameters is done using cuckoo search algorithm (CSA). The performance of proposed 2-DOF FOPID controllers is compared with those of their integer order designs, i.e., 2-DOF PID controllers, and with the traditional PID controllers. In order to show effectiveness of proposed scheme, the robustness testing is carried out for model uncertainties, payload variations with time, external disturbance and random noise. Numerical simulation results indicate that the 2-DOF FOPID controllers are superior to their integer order counterparts and the traditional PID controllers. PMID:25896827
Single Neuron PID Control of Aircraft Deicing Fluids Rapid Heating System
Bin Chen
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Aircraft deicing fluids rapid heating system is widely used in aircraft ground deicing to ensure that the operation of flights can be safe and efficient. Aiming at the temperature turbulence problem of aircraft deicing system, this paper presents the single neuron PID control strategy which combine the advantage of conventional PID control with artificial neuron control. The aircraft deicing fluids rapid heating system and the scheme and working principle of the system is introduced. Simulation is executed on the basis of the mathematical model of aircraft deicing fluids rapid heating system, which is built in this paper, according to a number of data collected by experiments which are operated on the experimental platform of deicing fluids rapid heating system. The simulation results show that the single neuron PID control strategy perform effectively on the temperature turbulence problem of aircraft deicing fluids rapid heating system. Experiments are conducted to vertify the single neuron PID control strategy, the results of which show that the single neuron PID control strategy can achieve the request in practical application of the aircraft deicing fluids rapid heating system.
Setpoint Weighted PID Controller for the Electromechanical Actuator in Spacecraft
R. Sumathi; M Usha
2014-01-01
An intelligent control system for the rocket engine during electromechanical stage is designed and scrutinized in this paper. The rocket is the only vehicle that lift-offs the spacecraft in the space. But, the motion of the rocket can be influenced by internal and external disturbances. Furthermore, the rocket is a multi-input and multi-output nonlinear system whose dynamics are unstable and poorly understood. So the orientation of the spacecraft in precise position is so critical. Hence, att...
A Comparative Analysis of Integrated Boost Flyback Converter using PID and Fuzzy Controller
R.Samuel Rajesh Babu
2015-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a comparative analysis of Integrated boost flyback converter for Renewable energy System. IBFC is the combination of boost converter and fly back converter. The proposed converter is simulated in open and closed loop using PID and FUZZY controller. The Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC is used reduce the rise time, settling time to almost negligible and try to remove the delay time and inverted response. The performance of IBFC with fuzzy logic controller is found better instead of PID controller. The simulation results are verified experimentally and the output of converter is free from ripples and has regulated output voltage.
Das, Pramode K.; Mathew, Sam; Shaiju, A. J.; Patnaik, B. S. V.
2016-02-01
The control of vortex shedding behind a circular cylinder is a precursor to a wide range of external shear flow problems in engineering, in particular the flow-induced vibrations. In the present study, numerical simulation of an energetically efficient active flow control strategy is proposed, for the control of wake vortices behind a circular cylinder at a low Reynolds number of 100. The fluid is assumed to be incompressible and Newtonian with negligible variation in properties. Reflectionally symmetric controllers are designed such that, they are located on a small sector of the cylinder over which, tangential sliding mode control is imparted. In the field of modern controls, proportional (P), integral (I) and differential (D) control strategies and their numerous combinations are extremely popular in industrial practice. To impart suitable control actuation, the vertically varying lift force on the circular cylinder, is synthesised for the construction of an error term. Four different types of controllers considered in the present study are, P, I, PI and PID. These controllers are evaluated for their energetic efficiency and performance. A linear quadratic optimal control problem is formulated, to minimise the cost functional. By performing detailed simulations, it was observed that, the system is energetically efficient, even when the twin eddies are still persisting behind the circular cylinder. To assess the adaptability of the controllers, the actuators were switched on and off to study their dynamic response.
Energy efficiency enhancement is achieved by utilizing control algorithms that reduce overshoots and undershoots as well as unnecessary fluctuations in the amount of energy input to energy consuming systems during transient operation periods. It is hypothesized that application of control methodologies with characteristics that change with time and according to the system dynamics, identified as dynamic energy efficiency measures (DEEM), achieves the desired enhancement. The objective of this study is to simulate and analyze the effects of fuzzy logic based tuning of proportional integral derivative (F-PID) and proportional sum derivative (F-PSD) controllers for a heating and cooling energy system while accounting for the dynamics of the major system components. The procedure to achieve the objective includes utilization of fuzzy logic rules to determine the PID and PSD controllers gain coefficients so that the control laws for regulating the heat exchangers heating or cooling energy inputs are determined in each time step of the operation period. The performances of the F-PID and F-PSD controllers are measured by means of two cost functions that are based on quadratic forms of the energy input and deviation from a set point temperature. It is found that application of the F-PID control algorithm, as a DEEM, results in lower costs for energy input and deviation from a set point temperature by 24% and 17% as compared to a PID and 13% and 8% as compared to a PSD, respectively. It is also shown that the F-PSD performance is better than that of the F-PID controller
Huang, Yi-Cheng; Chan, Manuel; Hsin, Yi-Ping; Ko, Ching-Chang
This study presents the control design and tests of an intra-oral hydraulic system for quantitatively loading of a dental implant. The computer-controlled system was developed and employed for better pressure error compensation by PID (proportional-integral-derivative) control and point-to-point iterative learning algorithm. In vitro experiments showed that implant loading is precisely controlled (error 3%) for 0.5Hz loading without air inclusion, and reasonably performed (errorvivo animal studies for better understanding of how bone responds to implant loading. Quantitative information derived from this biomechanical model will add to improved designs of dental implants.
V Soni
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The combination of Grey Wolf Optimization and Pattern Search Technique (hGWO-PS has been introduced to optimize the parameters of two Degree of Freedom Proportional-Integral-Derivative Controller (2DOF-PID for controlling the load frequency in Automatic Generation Control (AGC for interconnected power system. The interconnected two area power system of non-reheat thermal power plants consisting of 2DOF-PID controller in each area has been considered for design and analysis. Firstly, the proposed approach has been implemented in the aforementioned standard test system and thereafter, the robustness of the system consisting 2DOF-PID controller optimized by proposed technique has been estimated using the sensitivity analysis for the same. The robustness of the system consisting of 2DOF-PID controller optimized by proposed scheme is examined by varying the parameters of standard test system, loading conditions during operation, size and location of the disturbances. The performance of the 2DOF-PID controller optimized by proposed approach has also been compared with recently published approaches in the literature. The simulation results show that the proposed hGWOPS optimized 2DOF-PID controller shows far better performance than recently published approaches in the literature in terms of dynamic response. The simulation results also show that system performances hardly change when the operating load condition and system parameters are changed by ±50% from their nominal values, i.e. the proposed controllers are quite robust for a wide range of the system parameters and operating load conditions from their nominal values.
PID controller auto-tuning based on process step response and damping optimum criterion.
Pavković, Danijel; Polak, Siniša; Zorc, Davor
2014-01-01
This paper presents a novel method of PID controller tuning suitable for higher-order aperiodic processes and aimed at step response-based auto-tuning applications. The PID controller tuning is based on the identification of so-called n-th order lag (PTn) process model and application of damping optimum criterion, thus facilitating straightforward algebraic rules for the adjustment of both the closed-loop response speed and damping. The PTn model identification is based on the process step response, wherein the PTn model parameters are evaluated in a novel manner from the process step response equivalent dead-time and lag time constant. The effectiveness of the proposed PTn model parameter estimation procedure and the related damping optimum-based PID controller auto-tuning have been verified by means of extensive computer simulations. PMID:24035643
Aranza, M. F.; Kustija, J.; Trisno, B.; Hakim, D. L.
2016-04-01
PID Controller (Proportional Integral Derivative) was invented since 1910, but till today still is used in industries, even though there are many kind of modern controllers like fuzz controller and neural network controller are being developed. Performance of PID controller is depend on on Proportional Gain (Kp), Integral Gain (Ki) and Derivative Gain (Kd). These gains can be got by using method Ziegler-Nichols (ZN), gain-phase margin, Root Locus, Minimum Variance dan Gain Scheduling however these methods are not optimal to control systems that nonlinear and have high-orde, in addition, some methods relative hard. To solve those obstacles, particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed to get optimal Kp, Ki and Kd. PSO is proposed because PSO has convergent result and not require many iterations. On this research, PID controller is applied on AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulator). Based on result of analyzing transient, stability Root Locus and frequency response, performance of PID controller is better than Ziegler-Nichols.
Control de velocidad de un motor de CD con un controlador PID Wavenet
Abraham Christian Pedroza Araujo
2014-01-01
Full Text Available El controlador más utilizado actualmente en la industria es el controlador PID. Sin embargo, el algoritmo PID lineal tiene bajo desempeño cuando el proceso a controlar presenta dinámicas complejas como zonas muertas y características no lineales. El funcionamiento del controlador PID en general, se basa en la actuación en forma proporcional, integral y derivativa sobre la señal de error e(t, definida como e(t = yref(t - y(t, con la finalidad de efectuar la señal de control u(t que manipula la salida del proceso en forma deseada como se muestra la Figura 1. Figura 1. Esquema de un control clásico. Figura 1. Esquema de un control clásico. Las constantes kp ki kd son las ganancias del PID. Existen distintas técnicas analíticas y experimentales con el fin de sintonizar esas ganancias. Una alternativa a este problema de sintonización es el controlador PID wavenet, donde por medio de una wavenet y un filtro IIR se estima la salida del sistema a controlar, lo cual se utiliza para re-sintonizar las ganancias de un PID discreto, todo esto en línea. Esta es la alternativa que se emplea en el presente trabajo de investigación y enfocada a la simulación y control de un motor de cd obteniendo resultados.
The simplicity in coding the heuristic judgment of experienced operator by means of fuzzy logic can be exploited for enhancement of energy efficiency. Fuzzy logic has been used as an effective tool for scheduling conventional PID controllers gain coefficients (F-PID). However, to search for the most desirable fuzzy system characteristics that allow for best performance of the energy system with minimum energy input, optimization techniques such as genetic algorithm (GA) could be utilized and the control methodology is identified as GA-based F-PID (GA-F-PID). The objective of this study is to examine the performance of PID, F-PID, and GA-F-PID controllers for enhancement of energy efficiency of a dynamic energy system. The performance evaluation of the controllers is accomplished by means of two cost functions that are based on the quadratic forms of the energy input and deviation from a setpoint temperature, referred to as energy and comfort costs, respectively. The GA-F-PID controller is examined in two different forms, namely, global form and local form. For the global form, all possible combinations of fuzzy system characteristics in the search domain are explored by GA for finding the fittest chromosome for all discrete time intervals during the entire operation period. For the local form, however, GA is used in each discrete time interval to find the fittest chromosome for implementation. The results show that the global form GA-F-PID and local form GA-F-PID control methodologies, in comparison with PID controller, achieve higher energy efficiency by lowering energy costs by 51.2%, and 67.8%, respectively. Similarly, the comfort costs for deviation from setpoint are enhanced by 54.4%, and 62.4%, respectively. It is determined that GA-F-PID performs better in local from than global form.
PID-Controller Tuning Optimization with Genetic Algorithms in Servo Systems
Arturo Y. Jaen-Cuellar
2013-09-01
Full Text Available Performance improvement is the main goal of the study of PID control and much research has been conducted for this purpose. The PID filter is implemented in almost all industrial processes because of its well‐ known beneficial features. In general, the whole system’s performance strongly depends on the controller’s efficiency and hence the tuning process plays a key role in the system’s behaviour. In this work, the servo systems will be analysed, specifically the positioning control systems. Among the existent tuning methods, the Gain‐ Phase Margin method based on Frequency Response analysis is the most adequate for controller tuning in positioning control systems. Nevertheless, this method can be improved by integrating an optimization technique. The novelty of this work is the development of a new methodology for PID control tuning by coupling the Gain‐Phase Margin method with the Genetic Algorithms in which the micro‐population concept and adaptive mutation probability are applied. Simulations using a positioning system model in MATLAB and experimental tests in two CNC machines and an industrial robot are carried out in order to show the effectiveness of the proposal. The obtained results are compared with both the classical Gain‐Phase Margin tuning and with a recent PID controller optimization using Genetic Algorithms based on real codification. The three methodologies are implemented using software.
Maria Isabel Berto
2004-09-01
pasteurizer heating section. As the water temperature behavior according to the same step change on the potency of the resistance depends on the working flow rate, a single controller was designed to keep this temperature at its desirable set-point, for the water flow rate, within the range of 300 to 700L/h. Three different tunings for the PID were tested: the first consisted on the implementation of a function for the calculation of the PID parameters fitted to individual values obtained from each flow rate, according to process reaction curve methodology; the second consisted on using the PID parameters calculated as the average of these individual values; at the third tuning, an adaptive function fitted with the individual parameters obtained with Aström & Hägglund methodology was used. The performance evaluation of the configured PID controllers was carried out by comparing the error index values, obtained after disturbances in the water flow rate in the closed loop system. The error indexes calculated after step changes in the water flow rate were used to evaluate the tunings. The results have shown that the third tuning, called "Bang Bang" presented minor oscillations and smaller error indexes compared to the other two methods.
Duan Haibin; Wang Daobo; Yu Xiufen
2008-01-01
As friction, intrinsic steady-state nonlinearity poses a challenging dilemma to the control system of 3-DOF (three degree of freedom) flight simulator, a novel hybrid control strategy of nonlinear PID (proportional-integral-derivative) with additional FFC (feed-forward controller) is proposed, and the hardware-in-the-loop simu-lation results are also given. Based on the description of 3-DOF flight simulator, a novel nonlinear PID theory is well introduced. Then a nonlinear PID controller with additional FFC is designed. Subsequently, the loop structure of 3-DOF flight simulator is also designed. Finally, a series of hardware-in-the-loop simulation experiments are undertaken to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed nonlinear FID controller with additional FFC for 3-DOF flight simulator.
Márcio Mendonça
2015-10-01
Full Text Available In this work, it is analyzed a multivariate system control of an alcoholic fermentation process with no minimum phase. The control is made with PID classic controllers associated with a supervisory system based on Fuzzy Systems. The Fuzzy system, a priori, send set-points to PID controllers, but also adds protection functions, such as if the biomass valued is at zero or very close. The Fuzzy controller changes the campaign to prevent or mitigate the paralyzation of the process. Three control architectures based on Fuzzy Control Systems are presented and compared in performance with classic control in different campaigns. The third architecture, in particular, adds an adaptive function. A brief summary of Fuzzy theory and correlated works will be presented. And, finally simulations results, conclusions and future works end the article.
Fuzzy-PID control algorithm of a loop reactor for microbial corrosion testing
D. Rangel-Miranda; D. Alaniz-Lumbreras; Victor Castano
2015-01-01
The thermal control of loop reactor utilized to run hydrodynamic tests of microbical corrosion, where full control of the temperature is crucial, is presented. Since the accuracy of the temperature is critical along the pipe trajectory for the microbial culture, it must be controlled with an accuracy of ± 0.5°C, which is achieved by an implemented fuzzy-PID (Proportional Integral and Derivative) control algorithm, capable to provide the accuracy at the temperature range required. The system c...
Optimization of PID Controller for Brushless DC Motor by using Bio-inspired Algorithms
Sanjay Kr. Singh
2014-02-01
Full Text Available This study presents the use and comparison of various bio-inspired algorithms for optimizing the response of a PID controller for a Brushless DC Motor in contrast to the conventional methods of tuning. For the optimization of the PID controllers Genetic Algorithm, Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing have been used. PID controller tuning with soft-computing algorithms comprises of obtaining the best possible outcome for the three PID parameters for improving the steady state characteristics and performance indices like overshoot percentage, rise time and settling time. For the calculation and simulation of the results the Brushless DC Motor model, Maxon EC 45 flat ф 45 mm with Hall Sensors Motor has been used. The results obtained the optimization using Genetic Algorithms, Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm and Simulated Annealing is compared with the ones derived from the Ziegler-Nichols method and the MATLAB SISO Tool. And it is observed that comparatively better results are obtained by optimization using Simulated Annealing offering better steady state response.
Self-adaptive PID controller of microwave drying rotary device tuning on-line by genetic algorithms
杨彪; 梁贵安; 彭金辉; 郭胜惠; 李玮; 张世敏; 李英伟; 白松
2013-01-01
The control design, based on self-adaptive PID with genetic algorithms(GA) tuning on-line was investigated, for the temperature control of industrial microwave drying rotary device with the multi-layer(IMDRDWM) and with multivariable nonlinear interaction of microwave and materials. The conventional PID control strategy incorporated with optimization GA was put forward to maintain the optimum drying temperature in order to keep the moisture content below 1%, whose adaptation ability included the cost function of optimization GA according to the output change. Simulations on five different industrial process models and practical temperature process control system for selenium-enriched slag drying intensively by using IMDRDWM were carried out systematically, indicating the reliability and effectiveness of control design. The parameters of proposed control design are all on-line implemented without iterative predictive calculations, and the closed-loop system stability is guaranteed, which makes the developed scheme simpler in its synthesis and application, providing the practical guidelines for the control implementation and the parameter design.
An Attitude Control of Flexible Spacecraft Using Fuzzy-PID Controller
Park, Jong-Oh; Im, Young-Do
This primary objective of this study is to demonstrate simulation and ground-based experiment for the attitude control of flexible spacecraft. A typical spacecraft structure consists of the rigid body and flexible appendages which are large flexible solar panels, parabolic antennas built from light materials in order to reduce their weight. Therefore the attitude control has a big problem because these appendages induce structural vibration under the excitation of external forces. A single-axis rotational simulator with a flexible arm is constructed with on-off air thrusters and reaction wheel as actuation. The simulator is also equipped with payload pointing capability by simultaneous thruster and DC servo motor actuation. The experiment of flexible spacecraft attitude control is performed using only the reaction wheel. Using the reaction wheel the performance of the fuzzy-PID controller is illustrated by simulation and experimental results for a single-axis rotational simulator.
Method’s and Test Stand for Electronic PID Controller
Cristian Paul Chioncel
2009-01-01
Full Text Available The paper presents method’s and a testing stand for electronic controller using for this a signal generator and a digital oscilloscope respectively the virtual instrumentation and the signal acquisitions from the controllers input and output through an data acquisition board and an PC on that Lab View program runs.
Haitao Zhang
2011-12-01
Full Text Available In the networked control system with random time delay in forward and feedback channels, a kind of controller based on Smith compensator and signal neuron incomplete differential forward PID is presented. First, using root locus method and simulink simulation software, the influences of network’s time delay on the system stability and dynamic performance are analyzed. Then, combined with incomplete differential forward PID control algorithm, Smith compensation model is established. Compared with existing Smith compensator, the proposed control model is easy to be implemented, and can also get better control performance in the case of miss-matching compensator model. Finally, the simulation research on a DC motor is done, and the simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
数字PID控制器的FPGA实现与仿真%FPGA Implementation and Simulation of Digital PID Controller
许国宏; 宋征; 王耀磊
2015-01-01
根据增量式PID控制器的工作原理，设计了一种基于FPGA的数字PID控制器，采用FPGA并行结构，使用自顶向下的设计方法完成了控制器的VHDL分层设计，最终实现了对控制量的精确控制。经过仿真测试表明，该设计方案有效可行，并且具有结构简单、性能可靠、控制效果良好及实用性强等优点。%According to the working principle of incremental PID controller,a kind of Digital PID Controller based on FPGA is de⁃signed,and using the FPGA parallel structure,The top-down design methodology is used to complete the controller VHDL layered design,Finally realized the precise control of control quantity.Through simulation tests show that the design scheme is effective and feasible,and has the advantages of simple structure、reliable performance、good control effect and strong practicability etc.