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Sample records for patient history intake

  1. Comparison of anamnestic history, alcohol intake and smoking, nutritional status, and liver dysfunction between thorotrast patients who developed primary liver cancer and those who did not

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to clarify the differences in past history, nutritional condition and, consumption of alcohol and tobacco, and liver dysfunction between the thorotrast patients who developed primary liver cancer and those who did not, 103 persons who had no primary liver cancer in January 1980 were studied. All subjects were military men who had undergone angiography with thorotrast between 1943 and 1946. Twenty persons developed hepatocellular carcinoma and 16 developed intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma by April 1987, whereas 67 are still alive without any cancer. There was no difference in age or period after thorotrast infusion between those two groups of patients in January 1980. A difference in history of hepatitis and/or jaundice and presence of hepatic dysfunction was found between the subjects who developed primary liver cancers and those who did not. These findings suggest that an anamnestic history of hepatitis and liver dysfunction are risks for development of thorotrast-induced liver cancer. On the basis of the above findings, early detection of liver dysfunction offers a possibility of early diagnosis of primary liver cancer

  2. Reorganization of a hospital catering system increases food intake in patients with inadequate intake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freil, M; Nielsen, MA

    2006-01-01

    Background : Low food intake is a frequent problem in undernourished hospital patients. Objective: To study whether a reorganization of a hospital catering system enabling patients to choose their evening meal individually, in combination with an increase in the energy density of the food, increases the energy and protein intake of the patients. Design: Observational study comparing the food intake before and twice after the implementation of the new system, the first time by specially trained staff and the second time by ordinary staff members, following training. The amount of food served, eaten and wasted was measured, and energy and protein intake calculated. Results: The quartile of patients with the lowest energy intake consumed on average 128 kJ per patient [(95% confidence interval (CI) 79-178 kJ] with the old system; with the new system they consumed 560 kJ per patient (95% CI 489-631 kJ) on the first occasion, and 1021 kJ per patient (95% CI 939-1104 kJ) on the second occasion. With the old system, the wastage was on average 276 g per patient (48% of the total amount produced) compared with 118 g per patient (30%) and 78 g (21%) on the two test occasions with the new system. Conclusions: Reorganization of a hospital catering system can increase energy and protein intake and reduce waste substantially.

  3. Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.C. Vendramini

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years. The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day, and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day, the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.

  4. Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vendramini, L C; Nishiura, J L; Baxmann, A C; Heilberg, I P

    2012-09-01

    Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day), and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day), the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake. PMID:22801417

  5. Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L.C., Vendramini; J.L., Nishiura; A.C., Baxmann; I.P., Heilberg.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive d [...] ays in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day), and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day), the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.

  6. Evaluation of Food Intake in Ulcerative Colitis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Faghfoori

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the colon of unknown cause that is associated with important nutrition deficiencies such as protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Because no study has been carried out to date in Iran, the aim of this pilot study was the assessment of dietary intake of these patients. Methods: In this pilot study, 41 UC patients whose disease severity was mild or moderate were selected. Data about diet restrictions were collected via a questionnaire and dietary intake was assessed 3 times during a 2 month period with 30 days interval and 3-day food-recall (9days in general. Results: Subjects were 26 men and 15 women and 65.9% patients avoided completely or limited milk intake. Dietary limitation about fruits and vegetables was 24.4 and 43.9 percent, respectively and legumes intake was 58.5%. Mean calorie intake in 41 patients was 2125.14±60.83 calories/day and in two groups, calcium and fiber intake was significantly less than the standard dietary recommendation. Conclusion: Dietary intake examination showed some deficiencies such as calcium and iron deficiency and fiber intake was low because the intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes was limited.

  7. Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    OpenAIRE

    L.C. Vendramini; J.L. Nishiura; A.C. Baxmann; Heilberg, I.P.

    2012-01-01

    Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restrict...

  8. Assessment of dietary intake of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prescha, Anna; Pieczy?ska, Joanna; Ilow, Rafa?; Poreba, Joanna; Neubauer, Katarzyna; Smereka, Adam; Grajeta, Halina; Biernat, Jadwiga; Paradowski, Leszek

    2009-01-01

    The dietary intake of patients with irritable bowel syndrome was assessed using 24-h dietary recall. The energy value and nutrient contents in the daily food rations were calculated by Nutritionist IV computer program with the Polish database. Differentiations in the Polish RDA coverage for energy and nutrients were observed in the studied group. Fat, saturated fatty acid, phosphorus and also vitamin A, E and C contents were above the RDA in the patients' daily food ration. The majority of IBS individuals did not meet recommendations for carbohydrate intake. Calcium and cooper intake was below the Polish RDA. The insufficient vitamin B2 intake and excessive Fe supply have been shown in the male patients. PMID:19803452

  9. Nutritional intake of gut failure patients on home parenteral nutrition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nutrient intake patterns were analyzed in 23 patients with gut failure who were receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN). All patients had stable weights without changes in intravenous calories or protein for 3 consecutive months. Our objectives were to assess oral intake of calories, carbohydrates, fat, and protein, to examine relationships between oral nutrient intakes and disease categories, and to compare oral and intravenous intakes to calculated resting energy expenditure (REE). Two patterns of oral nutrient intake were identified among the patients. Patients with short bowel syndrome, regardless of the underlying disease, consumed calories by mouth that clearly exceeded calculated resting energy expenditure (short bowel, non-Crohn's, 170% of REE; short bowel, Crohn's, 200 of REE); however, calories approximating the REE had to be given via HPN, suggesting that efficiency of absorption was at a very low level. Patients with diffuse gut diseases (radiation enteritis or pseudo-obstruction syndromes) had very low intakes of oral nutrients. The distribution of oral calories among carbohydrate, protein, and fat did not differ among the disease categories

  10. Food intakes and preferences of hospitalised geriatric patients

    OpenAIRE

    Wan Chik Wan Chak; Chee Kan; Shahar Suzana

    2002-01-01

    Abstract Background A cross sectional survey was carried out on 120 hospitalised geriatric patients aged 60 and above in Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur to investigate their nutrient intakes and food preferences. Methods Food intakes were recorded using a one day weighed method and diet recall. Food preferences were determined using a five point hedonic score. Food wastages and factors affecting dietary adequacy were also investigated. Results The findings indicated that...

  11. Stress history increases alcohol intake in relapse: relation to phosphodiesterase 10A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logrip, Marian L; Zorrilla, Eric P

    2012-09-01

    Stressful experiences can result in elevated alcohol drinking, as exemplified in many individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder. However, how stress history, rather than acute stressors, influences alcohol intake remains uncertain. To model the protracted effects of past stress, male Wistar rats were subjected to light-cued footshock (stress history) or light cues alone (control) prior to acquisition of alcohol self-administration (1-hour sessions, fixed ratio 1-3, 100 µl of 10% v/v alcohol as reinforcer). Stress history did not alter mean alcohol intake during acquisition of self-administration, but it increased preference for the alcohol-paired lever over the inactive lever. Following an extinction period, rats with a history of stress exposure and low baseline alcohol intake showed a twofold elevation in alcohol self-administration, as compared with low-drinking rats with no stress history. Similar effects were not seen in rats self-administering 0.1% sucrose. Analysis of mRNA levels of phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A), a dual-specificity cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate hydrolyzing enzyme, showed that stress history increased Pde10a mRNA levels in the basolateral amygdala and, in low-drinking rats, the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). Pde10a mRNA levels in the plPFC correlated directly with greater alcohol self-administration during the relapse-like phase, and greater BLA Pde10a mRNA levels correlated with increased ethanol preference after acquisition. The data demonstrate that stress history sensitizes otherwise low alcohol drinkers to consume more alcohol in a relapse-like situation and identify stress-induced neuroadaptations in amygdala and prefrontal cortical Pde10a expression as changes that may drive heightened alcohol intake and preference in susceptible individuals. PMID:22741603

  12. Sensitivity to calcium intake in calcium stone forming patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilberg, I P; Martini, L A; Draibe, S A; Ajzen, H; Ramos, O L; Schor, N

    1996-01-01

    The absorptive or renal origin of hypercalciuria can be discriminated using an acute oral calcium load test (ACLT). Of 86 patients with calcium oxalate kidney stones, 28 (23%) were found to be hypercalciuric (HCa) and 58 (67%) normocalciuric (NCa) on their customary free diet, containing 542 +/- 29 mg/day (mean +/- SE) of calcium. Since the apparently normal 24-hour calcium excretion of many calcium stone formers (CSF) may be due to a combination of high calcium absorption with moderately low calcium intake, all patients were investigated by ACLT. Of 28 HCa patients, 13 (46%) were classified as absorptive (AH) and 15 (54%) as renal hypercalciuria (RH). Of the 58 NCa patients, 38 (65%) presented features of intestinal hyperabsorption and were therefore designated as AH-like, and 20 (35%) as RH-like. To further elucidate the role of dietary calcium in these CSF, a chronic calcium load test (CCLT), consisting of 1 g/day of oral Ca for 7 days, was designed. A positive response to the CCLT was considered to occur when urinary calcium (uCa) was > or = 4 mg/ kg/24 h on the 7th day. Among NCa patients, 29% of AH-like subjects responded to the CCLT and 71% did not; 50% of RH-like subjects also responded and 50% did not. In HCa patients, 85% of AH and 67% of RH subjects maintained uCa > or = 4 mg/kg/24 h after the CCLT and 15% of AH and 23% of RH subjects did not. However, a significant additional increase in mean uCa was not observed among HCa patients. All patients were submitted to a second evaluation of fasting calciuria (Ca/Cr). A modification of this parameter was noticed in 89% of RH-like and 78% of RH patients. In conclusion, these data suggest the presence of subpopulations of patients sensitive or not to calcium intake, regardless of whether the acute response to a calcium overload test suggested AH or RH. The CCLT disclosed dietary hypercalciuria in 21/58 (36%) of previously NCa patients. In these NCa patients, the ACLT may be replaced by the CCLT. The distinction between AH and RH initially evidenced by the ACLT was not further confirmed. These data suggest that either fasting Ca/Cr is not adequate for subclassification of HCa or that AH and RH represent a different spectrum of the same disease, and that a primary resorptive component should also be considered. PMID:8773335

  13. Assessment of Daily Food and Nutrient Intake in Japanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Dietary Reference Intakes

    OpenAIRE

    Naoto Nakamura; Goji Hasegawa; Michiaki Fukui; Masashi Kuwahata; Hina Tatsumi; Mayuko Kadono; Sayori Wada; Hiroya Iwase; Mikako Hattori; Yukiko Kobayashi; Yasuhiro Kido

    2013-01-01

    Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM), especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1) assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and (2) characterize their intake relative to national recommendations. This cross-sectional study involved 149 patients (77 males and 72 fem...

  14. Maternal History of Hypertension and Blood Pressure Response to Potassium Intake: The GenSalt Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Tanika N.; Gu, Dongfeng; Rao, D. C.; Chen, Jing; Chen, Jichun; Cao, Jie; Li, Jianxin; Lu, Fonghong; Ma, Jixiang; Mu, Jianjun; Whelton, Paul K.; He, Jiang

    2012-01-01

    The relation between parental history of hypertension and blood pressure response to potassium intake is unknown. A 7-day high-sodium followed by a 7-day high-sodium plus potassium dietary-feeding study was conducted from 2003 to 2005 among 1,871 Chinese participants. Those with a maternal history of hypertension had larger systolic blood pressure responses to potassium compared with those without: ?4.31 (95% confidence interval (CI): ?4.99, ?3.62) mm Hg versus ?3.35 (95% CI: ?4.00,...

  15. Actors, patients and agency: a recent history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, David

    2014-02-01

    This article examines the history of patients' behaviour since the middle of the 20(th) century. It describes a number of strategies that have served to encourage patients to exercise increasingly autonomous behaviour. The effect has been to instil a sense of agency in previously passive patients. PMID:24372176

  16. Caffeine intake is independently associated with neuropsychological performance in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

    OpenAIRE

    Norman, Daniel; Bardwell, Wayne A.; Loredo, Jose S.; Ancoli-israel, Sonia; Heaton, Robert K.; Dimsdale, Joel E.

    2008-01-01

    In healthy individuals, caffeine intake may improve performance on cognitive tests. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder that has been associated with impaired cognitive function. In this study, we investigated whether increased caffeine intake in untreated patients with OSA is linked to better cognitive performance. Forty-five untreated OSA patients underwent baseline polysomnography after completing a survey of 24-h caffeine intake. Participants completed a battery of neuropsychologi...

  17. Factors Associated with Low Intake of Dietary Fiber in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Vanessa Rosa Brito Oliveira; Raquel Rocha; Mirella Brasil Lopes; Fernanda Gomes Coqueiro; Naiade Silveira Almeida; Sandra Santos Valois; Genoile Oliveira Santana

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease patients reduce their intake of foods rich in dietary fibers in an attempt to prevent recurrence of the disease, predisposing these patients to nutritional losses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intake of dietary fiber and associated factors in a group of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This was a cross-sectional study with 61 inflammatory bowel disease patients, and all participants were outpatients in Salvador, Bahia. Patients completed a semi...

  18. Food caregivers influence on nutritional intake among admitted haematological cancer patients - a prospective study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindman, Astrid; Rasmussen, Helle Brygger

    2013-01-01

    Haematological cancer patients have an increased risk of undernourishment due to their malignancy, treatment toxicity and severe infections. This study examines whether kitchen assistants working as food caregivers increase nutritional intake and knowledge among haematological cancer patients.

  19. Changes in Dietary Intake, Body Weight, Nutritional Status, and Metabolic Rate in a Pancreatic Cancer Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, So Young; Wie, Gyung Ah; Lee, Woo Jin; Park, Sang-jae; Woo, Sang Myung

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic cancer patients often have a poor prognosis and suffer from nutritional problems. Malnutrition is characterized by weight loss and decreased dietary intake, and is common among pancreatic cancer patients. The objective of this report was to describe the changes in dietary intake, body weight, nutritional status, and metabolic rate on a continuum from the time of diagnosis until the end of life in a patient with pancreatic cancer. In summary, the patient's nutritional status gradual...

  20. Patterns of energy intake in patients with cirrhosis and healthy volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    Madden, A. M.; Morgan, M. Y.

    1999-01-01

    Fuel utilization and N economy are optimized in patients with cirrhosis by provision of several small meals throughout the day and a late-night snack of complex carbohydrate. Currently, however, only limited information is available on the patterns of energy intake in patients with chronic liver disease. The aims of the present study were to determine the number of days required to undertake such an investigation and to observe the daily distribution of energy intake in this patient populatio...

  1. Another History for Another Psychiatry. The Patient’s View

    OpenAIRE

    Huertas, Rafael

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to summarise, in the first instance, some of the historiographical trends which have built a “critical” history of psychiatry from the 1960s onwards. Thereafter, it will demonstrate, with suitably significant examples, how methods and discourses were being refined and updated, before reaching a proposal for a new cultural history of psychiatry and subjectivity. In our analysis, special emphasis is placed on the “patient's view”. This renders necessary the task of ide...

  2. High sodium intake is associated with important risk factors in a large cohort of chronic kidney disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerbass, F B; Pecoits-Filho, R; McIntyre, N J; McIntyre, C W; Taal, M W

    2014-10-01

    Background/objectives:An increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is observed in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) even in early stages. Dietary sodium intake has been associated with important CVD and CKD progression risk factors such as hypertension and proteinuria in this population. We aimed to investigate the relationship between sodium intake and CVD or CKD progression risk factors in a large cohort of patients with CKD stage 3 recruited from primary care.Subjects/methods:A total of 1733 patients with previous estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 30-59?ml/min/1.73m(2), with a mean age 72.9±9.0 years, were recruited from 32 general practices in primary care in England. Medical history was obtained and participants underwent clinical assessment, urine and serum biochemistry testing. Sodium intake was estimated from three early-morning urine specimens using an equation validated for this study population.Results:Sixty percent of participants who had estimated sodium intake above recommendation (>100?mmol/day or 6?g salt/day) also had higher diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, high-sensitive C-reactive protein and uric acid and used a greater number of anti-hypertensive drugs. In multivariable regression analysis, excessive sodium intake was an independent predictor of MAP (B=1.57, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.41-2.72; P=0.008) and albuminuria (B=1.35, 95% CI 1.02-1.79; P=0.03).Conclusions:High sodium intake was associated with CVD and CKD progression risk factors in patients with predominantly early stages of CKD followed up in primary care. This suggests that dietary sodium intake could afffect CVD risk even in early or mild CKD. Intervention studies are warranted to investigate the potential benefit of dietary advice to reduce sodium intake in this population.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 8 October 2014; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.215. PMID:25293433

  3. Effect of calcium intake on urinary oxalate excretion in calcium stone-forming patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J.L., Nishiura; L.A., Martini; C.O.G., Mendonça; N., Schor; I.P., Heilberg.

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Dietary calcium lowers the risk of nephrolithiasis due to a decreased absorption of dietary oxalate that is bound by intestinal calcium. The aim of the present study was to evaluate oxaluria in normocalciuric and hypercalciuric lithiasic patients under different calcium intake. Fifty patients (26 fe [...] males and 24 males, 41 ± 10 years old), whose 4-day dietary records revealed a regular low calcium intake (

  4. Dietary pattern, energy and nutrient intake in patients with oro-facial discomfort complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yontchev, E; Sandström, B; Carlsson, G E

    1989-07-01

    In ninety-six patients with oro-facial and general complaints, which the patients assumed were caused by galvanic currents and/or metallic restorations, the recording and analysis of dietary pattern, energy and nutrient intake were performed. The records, in household measures, of the intake of food and beverages during 7 consecutive days according to a written instruction were collected. Sixty-eight out of the ninety-six records were sufficiently complete for calculation of nutrient intake. The remaining twenty-eight could only be used partially in the analyses. Most of the patients had a varied food intake of all the food groups during the 7-day period. The range was wide, however, and a few patients had relatively low intake of essential nutrients. It was not possible to find any correlation between oro-facial discomfort complaints and intake of any single nutrient that could indicate a cause-effect relationship. No correlation between diet pattern, energy and essential nutrients, and the measured electrode potentials of the fillings and constructions could be proved. Nor could the hypothesis that beverage intake might influence the electrode potentials and increase or aggravate the oro-facial complaints be verified. PMID:2677282

  5. Water intake disorder in a DEND syndrome afflicted patient with R50P mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maejima, Yuko; Hasegawa, Shinji; Horita, Shoichiro; Kumamoto, Kensuke; Galvanovskis, Juris; Takenoshita, Seiichi; Shimomura, Kenju

    2015-04-30

    In this study, we present a case of developmental delay, epilepsy and neonatal diabetes (DEND) syndrome in a young male patient with the R50P mutation located in the Kir6.2 subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channel. Whereas most patients with DEND syndrome are resistant to sulfonylurea therapy, our patient was responsive to sulfonylurea, lacked the most common neurological symptoms, such as epilepsy, but refused to drink water. His serum electrolytes and plasma osmolarity were normal but the serum vasopressin level was increased. To investigate the underlying mechanism of his water intake disorder, a 5 ?L aliquot of 340 ?M KATP channel opener diazoxide or 100 ?M KATP channel inhibitor glibenclamide was injected into the third ventricle of the rat brain, and water intake was monitored. Although the injection of glibenclamide had no effect, injection of diazoxide significantly increased water intake by about 1.5 fold without affecting food intake. This result indicates that the KATP channel activity in the brain may have an influence on water intake. Here, we present the first case of a DEND syndrome-afflicted patient with water intake disorder and increased serum vasopressin level, possibly related to altered KATP channel activity. PMID:25739471

  6. Relationship between dietary macronutrient intake and the risk of age-related cataract in middle-aged and elderly patients in northeast China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Quan Lu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To examine the association between dietary macronutrient intake and the risk of age-related cataract (ARC in middle-aged and elderly men.METHODS:A hospital-based case-control study was conducted from December 2009 to November 2011. Cases (n=360 were patients with cataract aged 45-85 years old, and controls (n=360 were patients who had been admitted to the same hospital for diseases not related with cataract. All subjects were interviewed using a structured interviewer-administrated questionnaire that included information on socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits and detailed medical history, simultaneously, the dietary intakes of nutrients were collected via a valid semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ. The odds ratios (OR and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI of three types of ARC were estimated using multiple logistic regression models.RESULTS: After adjusting for multiple potential confounders, total dietary intake of carbohydrate was positively associated with cortical cataract, compared to controls in the lowest quartile, and the OR for cases in the highest quartile of intake was 2.471 (95%CI:1.348-6.043, P=0.027. Higher dietary intakes of protein were protective for posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC (OR=0.528, 95%CI:0.148-0.869, P=0.023. Dietary fat intake was not associated with any type of cataract, however, participants in the highest quartile of polyunsaturated fatty acids intake had 2.7 times the risk of nuclear cataract as did those in the lowest quartile (OR=2.742, 95%CI:1.790-4.200, P=0.033.CONCLUSION: A high intake of carbohydrate and polyunsaturated fatty acid may increase the odds of cortical and nuclear cataract, respectively, whereas high intake of protein, especially animal protein, may protect against PSC cataract. It is possible that dietary changes of target population may reduce the risk of ARC.

  7. Functional oral intake and time to reach unrestricted dieting for patients with traumatic brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, T.S.; Engberg, Anders

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the status of functional oral intake for patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and time to return to unrestricted dieting; and to investigate whether severity of brain injury is a predictor for unrestricted dieting. DESIGN: Observational retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Subacute rehabilitation department, university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients age 16 to 65 years (N=173) with severe TBI (posttraumatic amnesia from 7d to >6 mo) admitted over a 5-year period. Patients are transferred to the brain injury unit as soon as they ventilate spontaneously. INTERVENTION: Facial oral tract therapy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Unrestricted dieting assessed by the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS). RESULTS: We found that 93% of all patients had problems with functional oral intake at admission. Within 126 days of rehabilitation, 64% recovered to unrestricted dieting before discharge. The chance of returning to total oral diet depends on the severity of the brain injury and can be predicted by Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS; measured the day after cessation of sedation; Wald chi(2)=42.78, P<.01), Rancho Los Amigos Scale (RLAS) level (Wald chi(2)=11.84, P=.01), FIM instrument (Wald chi(2)=44.40, P<.01), and FOIS score at admission (Wald chi(2)=82.93, P<.01). CONCLUSIONS: Impairment in functional oral intake was found to be very common for patients with severe TBI admitted to a subacute rehabilitation department. For those who recovered during hospital rehabilitation, return to unrestricted dieting happened within 126 days of rehabilitation. The chance of returning to unrestricted dieting depends on the severity of the brain injury and can be predicted by GCS score, RLAS level, FIM score, and functional oral intake at admission. These results are important when planning rehabilitation, giving information to patients and relatives, and designing efficacy studies of facial oral tract therapy, which are highly recommended Udgivelsesdato: 2008/8

  8. The impact of a physician and patient intervention program on dietary intake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Pao-Hwa; Yancy, William S.; Pollak, Kathryn I.; Dolor, Rowena J.; Marcello, Jennifer; Samsa, Gregory P.; Batch, Bryan C.; Svetkey, Laura P.

    2014-01-01

    Background Efficient dietary interventions for hypertensive patients in clinical settings are needed. Objective To assess the separate and combined impact of a physician intervention (MD-I) and a patient intervention (PT-I) on dietary intakes of patients with hypertension. Design A nested 2 x 2 design, randomized controlled trial over 18-months. Participants/setting A total of 32 physicians and 574 outpatients with hypertension. Intervention MD-I included training modules addressing the JNC-7 hypertension management guidelines and lifestyle modification. PT-I included lifestyle coaching to adopt the DASH eating pattern, reduce sodium intake, manage weight, increase exercise, and moderate alcohol intake. Main outcome measures Dietary intakes measured by the Block Food Frequency Questionnaire. Concordance to the DASH dietary pattern was estimated by a DASH score. Statistical analyses The main effects of MD-I and PT-I, and their interaction, were evaluated using ANCOVA. Results After six months of intervention, MD-I significantly increased intakes of potassium, fruits, juices and carbohydrate; decreased intake of fat; and improved overall dietary quality by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). PT-I resulted in increased intakes of carbohydrate, protein, fiber, calcium, potassium, fruits and fruit juices, vegetables, dairy and HEI, and decreased intakes in fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, sweets, added fats/oils/sweets, and glycemic index. In addition, PT-I improved overall DASH concordance score. The change in DASH score was significantly associated with the changes in Blood pressure and weight at six month. At 18 months, most changes reversed back toward the baseline levels including the DASH score. Conclusions Both MD-I and PT-I improved eating patterns at six months with some sustained effects at 18 months. Even though all dietary changes observed were consistent with the DASH nutrient targets or food group guidelines, only the PT-I was effective in improving the overall DASH concordance score. This finding affirms the role of medical nutrition therapy in long-term intensive interventions for hypertension risk reduction and weight management and underlines the need for development of maintenance strategies. Furthermore, this study emphasizes the importance of collaborations among physicians, dietitians and trained nutritionists, and lay health advisors while assisting patients to make healthy behavior changes. PMID:23999279

  9. Estimation of milk, dairy products and calcium intake in nutrition of the celiac patients

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    Ines Panjkota Krbav?i?

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Celiac disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food. People who have celiac disease cannot tolerate a protein called gluten, which is found in wheat, rye, barley and possibly oats. The smallest amount of gluten in food damages the small intestine of these patients. In Croatia there is no data about nutrition and dietary habits of people with celiac disease. In celiac disease there is one and only cure: a gluten-free diet. Milk and dairy products are major source of calcium, and this population, because of malapsorptive syndrome is especially sensitive and predisposed for osteoporosis and osteopenya. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to establish milk, dairy products and calcium intake in celiac patients nutrition. Milk and dairy products was determined by using 3-day-dietary record (3DD combined with food frequency questionnaire (FFQ in 15 celiac patients. Energy share of milk and dairy products were 11,82 % kJ, twice less than recommendation. Average daily intake of calcium was also below the recommendation (62,64 % DRI, and 67 % of examinees did not achieve neither 2/3 of daily recommendation intake (DRI for calcium. From milk and dairy group examinees use milk and pudding the most, yoghurt and fruit yoghurt less. It is necessary to increase intake of calcium from milk and dairy products group because they are the best source of this nutrient.

  10. Ingestão alimentar em pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal Food intake in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

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    Alice Freitas da Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: Pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal podem apresentar deficiências nutricionais. OBJETIVO: Verificar a adequação da ingestão alimentar de pacientes com doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa inespecífica. MÉTODOS: Para avaliação da ingestão alimentar de 55 pacientes, 28 com doença de Crohn e 27 com retocolite ulcerativa atendidos em ambulatório de gastroenterologia, utilizou-se o Recordatório Alimentar de 24 Horas e o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. A atividade inflamatória da doença foi avaliada pelos níveis séricos de proteína C reativa e o Índice de Harvey e Bradshaw. Para comparação de médias foi usado o teste t não pareado e, para as médias não paramétricas, o teste de Mann-Whitney, considerando nível de significância valor de pBACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease may have nutritional deficiencies. AIM: To verify the adequacy of dietary intake of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: To assess food intake of 55 patients, 28 with Crohn's disease and 27 with ulcerative colitis treated in the gastroenterology clinic, was used the 24-Hour Food Recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire. The inflammatory activity of the disease was evaluated by serum C-reactive protein and Harvey and Bradshaw Index. For comparison of means t test was used, and the average on non-parametric, the Mann-Whitney test, with level of significance p <0.05. RESULTS: The patients were aged between 19 and 63 years and time since diagnosis was 7.9 years (1 to 22. According to the food intake was identified deficiency in energy intake, fiber, iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, menadione, riboflavin, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, tocopherol and cholecalciferol in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, active or in remission. The intake of vegetables, fruits, dairy products and beans were low, and intake of fats and sweets was higher than the recommendations. CONCLUSION: There was a deficiency in food intake both in Crohn's disease and in ulcerative colitis, in activity and in remission. These deficiencies can adversely affect the disease course, and justify the need for nutritional intervention with these patients.

  11. Influence of food intake and postural changes on gastroesophageal sphincter pressure in patients with reflux esophagitis and in controls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Funch-Jensen, Peter; Oster, M J

    1982-01-01

    The gastroesophageal sphincter pressure (GESP) was studied before, during, and after food intake in 9 reflux esophagitis patients and 11 healthy controls. A significant decrease in GESP was observed 5, 10, and 30 min after the beginning of the meal in reflux esophagitis patients, contrasting with an increase during food intake in the control group. In the supine position GESP was significantly lower than in the sitting position in esophagitis patients, contrasting with a significantly higher GESP in the supine position in the control group. These results may explain why patients with gastroesophageal reflux often develop their symptoms during food intake and in the supine position.

  12. Long-Term Methadone Intake and Genotoxicity in Addicted Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezaei, Mohsen; Khodaei, Forouzan; Sayah Bargard, Mehdi; Abasinia, Mahsa

    2015-01-01

    Background: It is well known that contact with some physical, chemical or biological compounds can increase the incidence of mutation. Among these compounds, are pharmaceuticals that meet long duration of use and potentially could be misused and taken more than the ordered dosage. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate mutagenic effect of methadone in addicted patients referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ahvaz by single cell gel electrophoresis technic or comet assay. Patients and Methods: In this study, 90 subjects were divided into dichromate treated group, no treated healthy volunteers group and test group. Each group included 30 subjects. Screening was performed according to questionnaire and qualified subjects were entered the study. Blood samples were collected and lymphocytes were isolated, mixed with low melting point agarose for slide preparation according to standard method. Slides were analyzed using fluorescence microscope and comet patterns were assessed. Results: The mutagenicity index in addicted group was robustly higher than healthy volunteers. Fortunately, this significant difference was lower than positive control. Conclusions: Genome instability in addicted patients was demonstrated in this study. Controversially, considering incoherent results of previous studies and our data, more studies in longer duration of methadone use are needed to elucidate the consequence. PMID:25866713

  13. Another History for Another Psychiatry. The Patient’s View

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    Huertas, Rafael

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to summarise, in the first instance, some of the historiographical trends which have built a “critical” history of psychiatry from the 1960s onwards. Thereafter, it will demonstrate, with suitably significant examples, how methods and discourses were being refined and updated, before reaching a proposal for a new cultural history of psychiatry and subjectivity. In our analysis, special emphasis is placed on the “patient's view”. This renders necessary the task of identifying little consulted sources, such as the writings of the mad, and the incorporation of interdisciplinary hermeneutic tools, including, most notably, those taken from cultural studies and, in particular, written culture. Finally, it will offer a reflection on the epistemic role that this historiographical approach could play in the construction of new ways of understanding mental health, such as that represented by so-called post-psychiatry.Este artículo pretende revisar, en primer lugar, algunas de las tendencias historiográficas que han configurado una historia “crítica” de la psiquiatría a partir de los años sesenta del siglo XX. Se muestra a continuación, con algunos ejemplos suficientemente significativos, de qué manera los métodos y los discursos se fueron afinando y actualizando hasta llegar a la propuesta de una novedosa historia cultural de la psiquiatría y de la subjetividad. Especial importancia se concede, en nuestro análisis, al “punto de vista del paciente”. Esto obliga a una labor de identificación de fuentes escasamente trabajadas -como los escritos de los locos-, y a la incorporación de herramientas hermenéuticas de características interdisciplinares, entre las que destacan las procedentes de los estudios culturales y, de manera particular, de la cultura escrita. Finalmente, se ofrece una reflexión sobre el papel epistemológico que este enfoque historiográfico puede tener en la construcción de nuevas formas de entender la salud mental, como la representada por la llamada post-psiquiatría.

  14. Antioxidant intake, plasma antioxidants and oxidative stress in a randomized, controlled, parallel, Mediterranean dietary intervention study on patients with rheumatoid arthritis

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    Andersson Jan

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previously we have reported that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA obtained a significant reduction in disease activity by adopting a Mediterranean-type diet. The present study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant intake, the plasma levels of antioxidants and a marker of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde during the study presented earlier. Methods RA patients randomized to either a Mediterranean type diet (MD group; n = 26 or a control diet (CD group; n = 25 were compared during a three month dietary intervention study. Their antioxidant intake was assessed by means of diet history interviews and their intake of antioxidant-rich foods by a self-administered questionnaire. The plasma levels of retinol, antioxidants (?- and ?-tocopherol, ?-carotene, lycopene, vitamin C and uric acid and urinary malondialdehyde (MDA, a marker for oxidative stress, were determined using high performance liquid chromatography. The Student's t-test for independent samples and paired samples were used to test differences between and within groups. For variables with skewed distributions Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon signed ranks test were performed. To evaluate associations between dietary intake of antioxidants, as well as between disease activity, MDA and antioxidants we used Pearson's product moment correlation or Spearman's rank correlation. Results The MD group had significantly higher intake frequencies of antioxidant-rich foods, and also higher intakes of vitamin C (p = 0.014, vitamin E (p = 0.007 and selenium (p = 0.004, and a lower intake of retinol (p = 0.049, compared to the CD group. However, the difference between the groups regarding vitamin C intake was not significant when under- and over-repoters were excluded (p = 0.066. There were no changes in urine MDA or in the plasma levels of antioxidants (after p-lipid adjustments of the tocopherol results, from baseline to the end of the study. The levels of retinol, vitamin C and uric acid were negatively correlated to disease activity variables. No correlation was found between antioxidant intake and the plasma levels of antioxidants. Conclusions Despite an increase in reported consumption of antioxidant-rich foods during the Mediterranean diet intervention, the levels of plasma antioxidants and urine MDA did not change. However, the plasma levels of vitamin C, retinol and uric acid were inversely correlated to variables related to RA disease activity.

  15. Effect of calcium intake on urinary oxalate excretion in calcium stone-forming patients

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    Nishiura J.L.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dietary calcium lowers the risk of nephrolithiasis due to a decreased absorption of dietary oxalate that is bound by intestinal calcium. The aim of the present study was to evaluate oxaluria in normocalciuric and hypercalciuric lithiasic patients under different calcium intake. Fifty patients (26 females and 24 males, 41 ± 10 years old, whose 4-day dietary records revealed a regular low calcium intake (<=500 mg/day, received an oral calcium load (1 g/day for 7 days. A 24-h urine was obtained before and after load and according to the calciuria under both diets, patients were considered as normocalciuric (NC, N = 15, diet-dependent hypercalciuric (DDHC, N = 9 or diet-independent hypercalciuric (DIHC, N = 26. On regular diet, mean oxaluria was 30 ± 14 mg/24 h for all patients. The 7-day calcium load induced a significant decrease in mean oxaluria compared to the regular diet in NC and DIHC (20 ± 12 vs 26 ± 7 and 27 ± 18 vs 32 ± 15 mg/24 h, respectively, P<0.05 but not in DDHC patients (22 ± 10 vs 23 ± 5 mg/24 h. The lack of an oxalate decrease among DDHC patients after the calcium load might have been due to higher calcium absorption under higher calcium supply, with a consequent lower amount of calcium left in the intestine to bind with oxalate. These data suggest that a long-lasting regular calcium consumption <500 mg was not associated with high oxaluria and that a subpopulation of hypercalciuric patients who presented a higher intestinal calcium absorption (DDHC tended to hyperabsorb oxalate as well, so that oxaluria did not change under different calcium intake.

  16. Nutrient intake from thickened beverages and patient-specific implications for care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Amanda; Robbins, JoAnne; Hind, Jacqueline

    2015-06-01

    Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, affects more than 15 million Americans and can result in adverse and potentially fatal consequences, including poor quality of life, depression, dehydration, malnutrition, aspiration pneumonia, and airway obstruction. Although many treatment options are available, provision of thickened liquids is a common intervention for achieving slower, more controlled bolus manipulation and propulsion. To meet this therapeutic demand, commercially available products containing starch and/or gum-based components have been developed for use by patients and institutions. The nutrient content of thickened products has been neglected, although dysphagic patients are often at significant nutrition risk. Thus, there are no clinical guidelines for selection of thickened products based on patient characteristics. To consider whether such guidelines are warranted, it is necessary to quantify nutrition differences among common thickened beverages. An analysis was conducted to quantify energy, carbohydrate, and sodium provided through daily consumption of thickened beverages. To determine the relevance of these nutrition contributions in the context of total dietary intake, we compared values with dietary recommended intakes. This analysis revealed that there are substantial disparities in the nutrient content of thickened beverages. These differences suggest that product selection can be optimized based on patient-specific characteristics such as weight status and presence of comorbidities. Future research focusing on the effect of this strategy on patient outcomes will facilitate the development of evidence-based recommendations to elevate the standard of care for this population. PMID:25547337

  17. The association of functional oral intake and pneumonia in patients with severe traumatic brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Trine Schow; Larsen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence and onset time of pneumonia for patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the early phase of rehabilitation and to identify parameters associated with the risk of pneumonia. DESIGN: Observational retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Subacute rehabilitation department in a university hospital in Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=173) aged 16 to 65 years with severe TBI who were admitted during a 5-year period. Patients are transferred to the brain injury unit as soon as they ventilate spontaneously. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Pneumonia. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the patients admitted to the brain injury unit were in treatment for pneumonia; pneumonia developed in 12% of the patients during rehabilitation; the condition occurred within 19 days of admission in all but 1 patient. Of these patients, 81% received nothing by mouth. Three factors identified patients at highest risk of pneumonia: Glasgow Coma Scale score less than 9 (1 day after cessation of sedation); Rancho Los Amigos Scale score less than 3 (on admission); and no oral intake on admission. Having a tracheotomy tube and/or feeding tube was also associated with a higher occurrence of pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with severe TBI, 27% had pneumonia at transfer from the intensive care unit. Pneumonia developed in only 12% of the participants during rehabilitation. Patients with a low level of consciousness and patients with a tracheotomy tube or feeding tube had a higher likelihood of pneumonia.

  18. Insufficient voluntary intake of nutrients and energy in hospitalized patients / Ingestión voluntariamente insuficiente de nutrientes y energía en pacientes hospitalizados

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M. M., Tavares; L., Matos; T. F., Amaral.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El propósito de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la inadecuación de la ingestión voluntaria de energía y nutrientes durante el primer día de ingreso hospitalario. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en dos centros hospitalarios de atención terciaria con una muestra probabilís [...] tica del 50% de pacientes ingresados. Se evaluó la ingestión alimenticia mediante un diario de 24 horas, y se hizo un cribado de desnutrición mediante la herramienta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Se estimó la falta de adecuación del consumo de energía y nutrientes mediante el Dietary Reference Intakes. Resultados: El consumo de energía y nutrientes en 258 pacientes mostró niveles muy bajos tanto en hombre como en mujeres. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en el consumo de energía y nutrientes entre los distintos grupos de edad ( Abstract in english Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the inadequacy of voluntary energy and nutrient intake on the first day of hospital admission. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two terciary care hospitals, with a probabilistic sample of 50% of in-patients. Dietary intake was [...] evaluated by a 24-hour dietary recall, and undernutrition was screened through the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 tool. The overall frequency of inadequate energy and nutrient intake was estimated using Dietary Reference Intakes. Results: Energy and nutrient intakes from 258 patients showed very low values for both men and women. No significant differences were found for energy and nutrient intakes across age groups (

  19. Food intake in patients on hemodialysis / Ingestão alimentar de pacientes em hemodiálise

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Inaiana Marques Filizola, Vaz; Ana Tereza Vaz de Souza, Freitas; Maria do Rosário Gondim, Peixoto; Sanzia Francisca, Ferraz; Marta Izabel Valente Augusto Morais, Campos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo de energia e nutrientes de indivíduos em hemodiálise, segundo recomendações específicas para essa população, e de acordo com o Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira. Métodos: Tr [...] ata-se de estudo transversal, com 118 pacientes adultos considerados estáveis, tratados em 10 centros de diálise em Goiânia, Estado de Goiás. A ingestão alimentar foi estimada por meio de seis recordatórios de 24 horas, sendo classificada em adequada ou inadequada, conforme recomendações específicas para indivíduos em hemodiálise, é recomendado para uma alimentação saudável. Foi realizada análise descritiva dos dados. Resultados: Observou-se ingestão alimentar média de 2022,40 ± 283,70 kcal/dia; 31,18 kcal/kg/dia; 55,03 ± 4,20% de carboidrato; 30,23 ± 3,71% de lipídeo; e 1,18 ± 0,23 g de proteína/kg/dia. Importantes prevalências de inadequação foram observadas para a ingestão de calorias (39,0%), proteínas (39,0%) e outros nutrientes, como retinol (94,9%), gordura saturada (87,3%), colesterol (61,9%), ferro (61,0%), potássio (60,2%) e zinco (45,0%). Os pacientes apresentaram baixa ingestão de alimentos do grupo das frutas (1,22 ± 0,89 porções), legumes e verduras (1,76 ± 1,01 porções), leite e derivados (0,57 ± 0,43 porções), bem como ingestão elevada de alimentos do grupo dos óleos e gorduras (3,45 ± 0,95 porções) e açúcares e doces (1,55 ± 0,77 porções). Conclusão: Foi observado um consumo alimentar em desequilíbrio, caracterizado pelo excesso de óleos e gorduras, sobretudo gordura saturada e colesterol, açúcares e doces, paralelamente à baixa ingestão de frutas, legumes e verduras, leite e derivados. Um percentual considerável de pacientes deixou de ingerir a recomendação mínima de calorias, proteína, retinol, ferro, zinco e potássio. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the intake of energy and nutrients by individuals on hemodialysis, following especific recommendations for this population and according to Food Guide for the Brazilian Population. Methods: [...] A cross-sectional study, 118 adult patients, considered stable from, ten dialysis centers in Goiânia, Goiás. Dietary intake was estimated by six 24-hour recalls, and classified as adequate or inadequate, according to specific recommendations for individuals undergoing dialysis and that recommended for a healthy diet. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Average dietary intake of 2022.40 ± 283.70 kcal/day; 31.18 kcal/kg/day; 55.03 ± 4.20% carbohydrate; 30.23 ± 3.71% lipid, 1.18 ± 0.23 g protein/kg/day. Important prevalences of inadequacy were observed for the intake of calories (39.0%), protein (39.0%) and other nutrients such as retinol (94.9%), saturated fat (87.3%), cholesterol (61,9%), iron (61.0%), potassium (60.2%) and zinc (45.0%). Patients had a low intake of fruit food group (1.22 ± 0.89 servings) and vegetables (1.76 ± 1.01 servings), dairy products (0.57 ± 0.43 servings) and high intake of food group of oils and fats (3.45 ± 0.95 servings), sugars and sweets (1.55 ± 0.77 servings). Conclusion: Observed food consumption imbalance, characterized by excess of oils and fats, especially saturated oils and cholesterol, sugars and sweets, parallel to low intake of fruits and vegetables and dairy products. A considerable percentage of patients did not intake the minimum recommended of calories, protein, retinol, iron, zinc and potassium.

  20. First Quantification of Calcium Intake from Calcium-Dense Dairy Products in Dutch Fracture Patients (The Delft Cohort Study

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    Peter van den Berg

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recommendations for daily calcium intake from dairy products are variable and based on local consensus. To investigate whether patients with a recent fracture complied with these recommendations, we quantified the daily dairy calcium intake including milk, milk drinks, pudding, yoghurt, and cheese in a Dutch cohort of fracture patients and compared outcomes with recent data of a healthy U.S. cohort (80% Caucasians. An observational study analyzed dairy calcium intakes of 1526 female and 372 male Dutch fracture patients older than 50. On average, participants reported three dairy servings per day, independently of age, gender or population density. Median calcium intake from dairy was 790 mg/day in females and males. Based on dairy products alone, 11.3% of women and 14.2% of men complied with Dutch recommendations for calcium intake (adults ? 70 years: 1100 mg/day and >70 years: 1200 mg/day. After including 450 mg calcium from basic nutrition, compliance raised to 60.5% and 59.1%, respectively, compared to 53.2% in the U.S. cohort. Daily dairy calcium intake is not associated with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD T-scores or WHO Fracture Assessment Tool (FRAX risk scores for major fracture or hip fracture. However, when sub analyzing the male cohort, these associations were weakly negative. The prevalence of maternal hip fracture was a factor for current fracture risks, both in women and men. While daily dairy calcium intake of Dutch fracture patients was well below the recommended dietary intake, it was comparable to intakes in a healthy U.S. cohort. This questions recommendations for adding more additional dairy products to preserve adult skeletal health, particularly when sufficient additional calcium is derived from adequate non-dairy nutrition.

  1. Patient-interactive computer system for obtaining medication histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLeo, J M; Pucino, F; Calis, K A; Crawford, K W; Dorworth, T; Gallelli, J F

    1993-11-01

    A portable, patient-interactive computerized system for obtaining medication histories is described. A comprehensive interview script modeling pharmacist-conducted medication-history interviews was written in lay language. The script contains sections on demographics, current medical conditions, medication regimen, medication compliance, symptoms, allergy history, dietary history, psychosocial history, and occupational and environmental exposure; it also asks the patient to evaluate the system. Some of the information requested is often not obtained by physicians during the history and physical examination. A program that conducts the interview by processing a computerized version of the script was developed with Microsoft QuickBASIC. The program was designed to be run on a personal computer microprocessor so that an interview can be conducted virtually anywhere by using a desktop or laptop computer. Summary reports suitable for inclusion in the medical record are generated after each interview. Patients using the system took an average of 40 minutes to complete an interview. They entered data easily and accurately, and they gave the system a high overall rating. The medication-history interviewing system described produces useful, comprehensive, and consistent reports and requires about the same amount of time to conduct an interview as a human interviewer. PMID:8266960

  2. Low nutrient intake among adult women and patients with severe tuberculosis disease in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mupere Ezekiel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Information regarding dietary nutrient intake during tuberculosis disease is lacking. We established the relationship between disease severity or wasting during pulmonary tuberculosis and nutrient intake. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 131 adults with or without pulmonary tuberculosis were screened for human immune-deficiency virus (HIV, wasting, disease severity using 13 item validated clinical TBscore, and 24-hour dietary intake recall. Results Of the 131 participants, 61 were males and 70 females. Overall men and women had similar age. In average 24-hour nutrient intake, the following nutrients: energy, protein, total fat, carbohydrate, calcium, vitamin A, and folate were low among patients with severe tuberculosis disease. Patients with moderate-to-severe clinical TBscore had lower average energy intake than patients with mild TBscores (6.11 vs. 9.27 MJ, respectively (p Conclusions Findings suggest that severity of pulmonary tuberculosis and female gender had reduced nutrient intake. Early tuberculosis diagnosis and nutritional support may be important in management of tuberculosis patients.

  3. Ingestão alimentar em pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal / Food intake in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alice Freitas da, Silva; Maria Eliana Madalozzo, Schieferdecker; Heda Maria Barska dos Santos, Amarante.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available RACIONAL: Pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal podem apresentar deficiências nutricionais. OBJETIVO: Verificar a adequação da ingestão alimentar de pacientes com doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa inespecífica. MÉTODOS: Para avaliação da ingestão alimentar de 55 pacientes, 28 com doença [...] de Crohn e 27 com retocolite ulcerativa atendidos em ambulatório de gastroenterologia, utilizou-se o Recordatório Alimentar de 24 Horas e o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. A atividade inflamatória da doença foi avaliada pelos níveis séricos de proteína C reativa e o Índice de Harvey e Bradshaw. Para comparação de médias foi usado o teste t não pareado e, para as médias não paramétricas, o teste de Mann-Whitney, considerando nível de significância valor de p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease may have nutritional deficiencies. AIM: To verify the adequacy of dietary intake of patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: To assess food intake of 55 patients, 28 with Crohn's disease and 27 with ulcerative colitis treated [...] in the gastroenterology clinic, was used the 24-Hour Food Recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire. The inflammatory activity of the disease was evaluated by serum C-reactive protein and Harvey and Bradshaw Index. For comparison of means t test was used, and the average on non-parametric, the Mann-Whitney test, with level of significance p

  4. Antidepressants may lead to a decrease in niacin and NAD in patients with poor dietary intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viljoen, Margaretha; Swanepoel, Annie; Bipath, Priyesh

    2015-03-01

    The term niacin is the generic name for the two compounds nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, the major dietary precursors for two important coenzymes, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and its phosphorylated form, NADP. Niacin is important for the maintenance of cellular integrity and energy production and is involved in more than 500 intracellular reactions. Deficiencies of niacin may contribute to neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Patients who develop nutritional deficiencies as a result of poor dietary intake, especially inadequate intake of proteins and vitamins, could potentially suffer from niacin deficiency and NAD depletion. However, de novo synthesis of niacin and NAD in the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism may compensate for impaired dietary intake. The rate of synthesis of NAD and niacin from tryptophan oxidation depends on the induction of the enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) by pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interferon-gamma. Niacin synthesis is not limited by a decrease in tryptophan and excessive IDO activity may therefore lead to a decline in tryptophan levels. Antidepressants have an anti-inflammatory effect, including reduction of interferon-gamma and therefore inhibition of IDO, the rate-limiting enzyme of the kynurenine pathway. In theory, this could account for increased serotonin as more tryptophan becomes available for serotonin synthesis. However, the downside may be that less NAD and niacin are synthesised downstream, which could exacerbate common psychiatric problems. It is our hypothesis that patients with poor dietary intake, who are treated with antidepressants, are at risk of developing niacin/NAD deficiency with possible development of associated neuropsychiatric symptoms. We therefore propose that niacin supplementation be considered in patients with inadequate diets who are treated with antidepressants. We believe that if this does not happen, a subclinical niacin deficiency may result, which would be difficult to detect as it would cause the same symptoms of the original illness (e.g. depression). Niacin deficiency should be considered and ruled out in all patients with treatment-resistant depression, who have a poor response to antidepressants. This is potentially a cost-effective and easy intervention, which could be examined in a randomized controlled trial. PMID:25596911

  5. Comparison of coffee intake and coffee-induced symptoms in patients with duodenal ulcer, nonulcer dyspepsia, and normal controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elta, G H; Behler, E M; Colturi, T J

    1990-10-01

    Coffee and decaffeinated coffee stimulate acid secretion. In addition, many patients experience dyspepsia after coffee ingestion. Therefore, coffee is often prohibited by physicians in patients with peptic diseases. However, the association between peptic disease and symptoms remains unclear. This study compares coffee intake and the induction of symptoms by coffee in patients with duodenal ulcer disease, nonulcer dyspepsia, and normal controls. We have studied the coffee drinking habits of 58 duodenal ulcer patients, 55 nonulcer dyspepsia patients, and 55 normal controls. The use of coffee on a daily basis was not significantly different between duodenal ulcer patients (64%) and controls (56%), or between nonulcer dyspepsia patients (55%) and controls. There was also no difference between the three groups in the use of decaffeinated coffee, the number of cups per day, the method of preparation, the length of time of coffee use, or any change in coffee intake in the previous year. The intake of tea, caffeinated carbonated beverages, and aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was also similar in the three groups. The duodenal ulcer patients were more likely to be cigarette smokers (45%) than either the controls (16%) or the nonulcer dyspepsia patients (24%). Daily alcohol intake was not significantly different in the three groups. The prevalence of coffee induction of dyspeptic symptoms was similar in duodenal ulcer patients (29%) and controls (22%), but was much more common in nonulcer dyspepsia patients (53%) than in controls (22%), p = 0.0036. In conclusion, there was no difference in coffee intake between patients with duodenal ulcer, nonulcer dyspepsia, or normal controls. However, patients with nonulcer dyspepsia, but not duodenal ulcer, were more likely to experience dyspeptic symptoms after coffee ingestion. PMID:2220726

  6. The influence of high versus low sodium intake on blood pressure and haemodynamics in patients with morbid obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Peter K; Taskiran, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Many patients with morbid obesity (BMI?>?40?kg/m) have hypertension. The complex pathophysiological abnormalities linking hypertension to obesity have not been fully clarified, but abnormal sodium handling could be an important mechanism. METHOD: Therefore, we examined changes in body fluid compartments and haemodynamic responses (at rest and during exercise) after 5 days of a low-sodium diet (90?mmol/day) and 5 days of a high-sodium diet (250?mmol/day) in 12 morbidly obese, hypertensive patients; 12 morbidly obese, normotensive patients and 12 nonobese controls. RESULTS: High sodium intake as compared to low sodium intake was associated with an increase in plasma volume (obese, hypertensive patients: 5?±?4%; obese, normotensive patients: 10?±?11%; nonobese controls: 7?±?6%), cardiac output (CO) (obese, hypertensive patients: 17?±?12%; obese, normotensive patients: 20?±?16%; nonobese controls: 13?±?14%) and stroke volume (SV) (obese, hypertensive patients: 27?±?26%; obese, normotensive patients:27?±?24%; nonobese controls: 18?±?27%) in all three groups with no differences between the groups. Despite an increase in CO during high salt intake, 24-h blood pressure (BP) was unchanged in patients and controls as a result of a reduction in total peripheral resistance (obese, hypertensive patients: -11?±?11%; obese, normotensive patients: -10?±?12%; nonobese controls: -5?±?14%). Similar changes were observed during an incremental bicycle exercise test wherein CO and SV were higher, whereas mean arterial BP was unchanged at each exercise level during high sodium intake. CONCLUSION: Despite substantial increases in CO and SV, we did not observe any significant change in BP during high sodium intake, neither in morbid obese patients nor in lean individuals.

  7. Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Yazigi Solis

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the nutritional status and food intake ofindividuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. Methods: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center.Participants were divided into systemic psoriasis group and arthriticsystemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and wholebody plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics the general linear model test (p 25% and a high risk formetabolic complications according to the waist circumference andthe obesity index, however, there were no statistically significantdifferences between groups. The mean food intake, total fat, caloriesand protein were above recommended levels, being 58.8% for lipids(319.17 ± 241.02 mg of cholesterol and 17.42 ± 11.4 g saturated fattyacids; 29.4% for calories and 67.6% for proteins. Thus, regardless ofthe psoriasis type, an excessive consumption of calories, lipids, fatty acids, cholesterol and a higher incidence of overweight were found. Conclusion: The sample showed an abnormal nutritional condition, an increased risk for chronic diseases related to obesity, worsening of the psoriatic lesions, and poor quality of life.

  8. Lessons from history: asylum patients' Christmas experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Diane

    This article outlines the asylum building programme of the mid-to-late nineteenth century and focuses on case studies of the two Hampshire asylums built during this period, the subject of the author's doctoral thesis. It demonstrates the plight of 'pauper lunatic' before asylum reform and contrasts this with the improved quality of life provided by the Hampshire County Lunatic Asylum and the Borough of Portsmouth Lunatic Asylum respectively. Asylum care during this period followed the moral treatment regime which became the Victorian blueprint for mental health, components of which are illustrated. Criticism of this regime is addressed briefly and arguments are made against anachronistic analysis. Comparison with contemporary in-patient care and treatment is made concluding with a call to reconsider some of the better aspects of earlier care delivery. The particular experience of patients in Hampshire asylums at Christmas is used to exemplify the points raised. PMID:22241488

  9. Prevalence of family history in patients with reflex syncope

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmegard, Haya N; Benn, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    Reflex syncope is defined by a rapid transient loss of consciousness caused by global cerebral hypoperfusion resulting from vasodilatation and/or bradycardia attributable to inappropriate cardiovascular reflexes. A hereditary component has been suggested, but prevalence of family history may differ among subtypes of reflex syncope, as these have different autonomic responses and pathogeneses may be diverse. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of a positive family history of syncope and cardiovascular characteristics in patients with cardioinhibitory and vasodepressor reflex syncope. Patients (n=74) were classified into subtypes of reflex syncope - cardioinhibition/asystole (Vasovagal Syncope International Study subtypes II-B [VASIS II-B], n=38) or vasodepressor (VASIS III, n=36) - using the head-up tilt test. Family history was obtained by questionnaires supplemented by interview. Patients with cardioinhibitory syncope had a mean onset of disease 8 years earlier than vasodepressor patients (mean ± standard deviation 14.5 years ± 12.6 for cardioinhibitory patients compared to 22.4 years ± 11.9 for vasodepressor patients, p

  10. Intake of ruminant trans-fatty acids, assessed by diet history interview, and changes in measured body size, shape and composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Camilla P; Heitmann, Berit L

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Studies have suggested that total intake of trans-fatty acids (TFA) is positively associated with changes in body weight and waist circumference, whereas intake of TFA from ruminant dairy and meat products (R-TFA) has not been associated with weight gain. However, these previous studies are limited by self-reported measures of body weight and waist circumference or by a cross-sectional design. The objective of the present study was to investigate if R-TFA intake was associated with subsequent changes in anthropometry (body weight, waist and hip circumference) measured by technicians and body composition (body fat percentage). DESIGN: A 6-year follow-up study. Information on dietary intake was collected through diet history interviews, and anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance measurements were obtained by trained technicians at baseline (1987-1988) and at follow-up (1993-1994). Multiple regression with cubic spline modelling was used to analyse the data. SETTING: Copenhagen County, Denmark. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and sixty-seven men and women aged 35-65 years from the Danish MONICA (MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular diseases) cohort. RESULTS: The median R-TFA intake was 1·3 g/d (5th, 95th percentile: 0·4, 2·7 g/d) or 0·6 % of the total energy intake (5th, 95th percentile: 0·2, 1·1 %). No significant associations were observed between R-TFA intake and changes in body weight, waist and hip circumference or body fat percentage. CONCLUSIONS: R-TFA intake within the range present in the Danish population was not significantly associated with subsequent changes in body size, shape or composition and the 95 % confidence intervals indicate that any relevant associations are unlikely to have produced these observations.

  11. Multi-modal intervention improved oral intake in hospitalized patients : A one year follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, M; Beermann, T

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. AIMS: To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. METHODS: A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down and bottom-up principle. All hospitalized patients (>3 days) were included. Setting: A university hospital with 758 beds and all specialities. Measurements: Record audit of GNP, energy- and protein-intake by 24-h recall, patient interviews and staff questionnaire before and after the intervention. Interventions: Based on pre-measurements, nutrition support teams in each department made targeted action plans, supervised by an expert team. Education, diagnose-specific nutrition plans, improved menus and eating environment, and awareness were initiated. Statistics: Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test was used for ordinal data, and Pearson Chi square test for nominative data. RESULTS: Overall 545 patients participated (287 before/258 after) from 26/22 departments. There were no significant differences regarding sex, age, BMI or previous weight loss before and after the intervention. Result-indicators: Energy intake improved from 52% to 68% (p 75% of requirements). Intake of less than 50% of requirements decreased with 50%. Process-indicators: Screening improved from 56% to 77% (p < 0.001), nutrition plans from 21% to 56% (p < 0.0001), and monitoring food intake from 29% to 58% (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Intake of energy and protein as well as GNP improved using a multi-modal top-down and bottom-up approach.

  12. A case of multiple hypervascular hyperplastic liver nodules in a patient with no history of alcohol abuse or chronic liver diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Byoung Joo; Park, In Young; Rhee, So Yon; Song, Jin Kyung; Jang, Myoung Kuk; Cho, Seong Jin; Nam, Eun Sook; Yun, Eun Joo

    2015-05-25

    Up-to-date imaging modalities such as three-dimensional dynamic contrast-enhanced CT (3D CT) and MRI may contribute to detection of hypervascular nodules in the liver. Nevertheless, distinguishing a malignancy such as hepatocellular carcinoma from benign hypervascular hyperplastic nodules (HHN) based on the radiological findings is sometimes difficult. Multiple incidental liver masses were detected via abdominal ultrasonography (US) in a 65-year-old male patient. He had no history of alcohol intake and no remarkable past medical history or relevant family history, and his physical examination results and laboratory findings were normal. 3D CT and MRI showed numerous enhanced nodules with hypervascularity during the arterial phase. After US guided liver biopsy, the pathological diagnosis was HHN. To date, several cases of HHN have been reported in patients with chronic alcoholic liver disease or cirrhosis. Herein, we report on a case of HHN in a patient with no history of alcoholic liver disease or cirrhosis. PMID:25998980

  13. An experimental approach to the effects of reproductive strategy and food intake on early life-history traits in a brood-care Mediterranean polychaete

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Daniel; Cha, Jae-hoon; Nozais, Christian; Bhaud, Michel

    1998-01-01

    We examined the effects of reproductive strategy and food Intake on the early life history traits of a Mediterranean population of Eupolyrnn~a nebulosa, a deposit-feeding, tubicolous polychaete. In the ~Vediterranean E. nebulosa are brood-caring, maturlty is attained at 2 yr and up to 4 cocoons are produced per female each year, whlch reduces larval dispersal. In the Atlantic E nebulosa are freespawning, they mature in their first year of life and they produce larger offspring, wh...

  14. Positive effect of protein-supplemented hospital food on protein intake in patients at nutritional risk : a randomised controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, T; Beck, A M

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: New evidence indicates that increased dietary protein ingestion promotes health and recovery from illness, and also maintains functionality in older adults. The present study aimed to investigate whether a novel food service concept with protein-supplementation would increase protein and energy intake in hospitalised patients at nutritional risk. METHODS: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial was conducted. Eighty-four participants at nutritional risk, recruited from the departments of Oncology, Orthopaedics and Urology, were included. The intervention group (IG) received the protein-supplemented food service concept. The control group (CG) received the standard hospital menu. Primary outcome comprised the number of patients achieving ?75% of energy and protein requirements. Secondary outcomes comprised mean energy and protein intake, body weight, handgrip strength and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: In IG, 76% versus 70% CG patients reached ?75% of their energy requirements (P = 0.57);66% IG versus 30% CG patients reached ?75% of their protein requirements (P = 0.001). The risk ratio for achieving ?75% of protein requirements: 2.2 (95% confidence interval = 1.3-3.7); number needed to treat = 3 (95% confidence interval = 2-6). IG had a higher mean intake of energy and protein when adjusted for body weight (CG: 82 kJ kg(-1) versus IG: 103 kJ kg(-1) , P = 0.013; CG: 0.7 g protein kg(-1) versus 0.9 g protein kg(-1) , P = 0.003). Body weight, handgrip strength and length of hospital stay did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The novel food service concept had a significant positive impact on overall protein intake and on weight-adjusted energy intake in hospitalised patients at nutritional risk.

  15. Plasma total homocysteine and macrovascular complications are associated with food and nutrient intake in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Namsoo; Kim, Ji-myung; Kim, Hyesook; Cho, Yong Wook

    2007-01-01

    The present study was conducted to document the association between plasma homocysteine levels and the presence of macrovascular angiopathy with food and nutrient intake patterns among patients with Type II diabetes mellitus in Korea. Plasma total homocysteine concentration was analyzed by HPLC-fluorescence detector method in 127 patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Logistic regression analyses were performed respectively to study the association of plasma homocysteine level...

  16. Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Worsen Patient's Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_152652.html Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Worsen Patient's ... HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer patients who have a family history of the disease often worry that their ...

  17. Oxytocin prolongs the gastric emptying time in patients with diabetes mellitus and gastroparesis, but does not affect satiety or volume intake in patients with functional dyspepsia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borg Julia

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oxytocin is released in response to a fatty meal. Blockage of the oxytocin receptor led to slower gastric emptying whereas stimulation resulted in less satiety in healthy volunteers. Patients with diabetes mellitus and gastroparesis lack oxytocin elevation, and dyspepsia is partly caused by reduced fundus accommodation causing early satiety and related symptoms. The aim of this study was thus to examine the effect of oxytocin on gastric emptying, satiety and volume intake in patients with gastrointestinal pathology. Results Gastric emptying scintigraphy was performed twice in 12 patients with diabetic gastroparesis, once with oxytocin and once with saline as intravenous infusions. The patients scored their sensation of satiety using a visual analogue scale (VAS. The gastric emptying in patients with gastroparesis was prolonged during oxytocin infusion (p = 0.034 without affecting satiety. A slow satiety drinking test was performed in 14 patients with functional dyspepsia. The patients scored their satiety every five minutes until maximal satiety was reached, and the total volume was determined. The VAS was also completed 30 minutes afterwards. The test was performed twice, once with oxytocin and once with saline as intravenous infusions. There was no difference in satiety scores or volume of nutrient intake between saline and oxytocin infusions, either before, during or after the meal. Conclusions Oxytocin prolongs gastric emptying in patients with diabetes mellitus and gastroparesis, but has no effect on volume of nutrient intake or satiety and other related symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia.

  18. Dietary intake of cancer patients on radiotherapy / La ingesta dietética de los pacientes con cáncer en radioterapia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    L. F., Pistóia; C. H., de Abreu Nunes; B., Andreatta Gottschall; E. I., Rabito.

    1936-19-01

    Full Text Available La ingesta dietética de los pacientes con cáncer pueden afectar su estado nutricional. Objetivos: Evaluar la ingesta alimentaria y el estado nutricional de los pacientes con cáncer de la cabeza y cuello de la radioterapia. Métodos: Recuerdo de ingesta de 24 horas y valoración del status nutricional [...] por antropometría fueron tomadas durante la primera semana y la tercera de la radioterapia. Resultados: De los 62 pacientes, las reducciones significativas en el área muscular del brazo (p = 0,001) y la circunferencia muscular del brazo (p Abstract in english The dietary intake of cancer patients can affect their nutritional status. Objectives: To assess the dietary intake and nutritional status of head and neck cancer patients on radiotherapy. Methods: 24-hour recalls and anthropometric measures were taken during the first and third weeks of radiotherap [...] y. Results: Of the 62 patients, significant reductions were found in arm muscle area (p = 0.001) and arm muscle circumference (p

  19. Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C.L., Battaglini; J.P., Mihalik; M., Bottaro; C., Dennehy; M.A., Petschauer; L.S., Hairston; E.W., Shields.

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise intervention on the total caloric intake (TCI) of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. A secondary purpose was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between changes in TCI, body fat composition (%BF), and fatigu [...] e during the study, which lasted 6 months. Twenty females recently diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy or radiation, were assigned randomly to an experimental (N = 10) or control group (N = 10). Outcome measures included TCI (3-day food diary), %BF (skinfolds), and fatigue (revised Piper Fatigue Scale). Each exercise session was conducted as follows: initial cardiovascular activity (6-12 min), followed by stretching (5-10 min), resistance training (15-30 min), and a cool-down (approximately 8 min). Significant changes in TCI were observed among groups (F1,18 = 8.582; P = 0.009), at treatments 2 and 3, and at the end of the study [experimental (1973 ± 419), control (1488 ± 418); experimental (1946 ± 437), control (1436 ± 429); experimental (2315 ± 455), control (1474 ± 294), respectively]. A significant negative correlation was found (Spearman rho(18) = -0.759; P

  20. Correlation of magnesium intake with metabolic parameters, depression and physical activity in elderly type 2 diabetes patients: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Jui-Hua

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major global public health problem in the worldwide and is increasing in aging populations. Magnesium intake may be one of the most important factors for diabetes prevention and management. Low magnesium intake may exacerbate metabolic abnormalities. In this study, the relationships of magnesium intake with metabolic parameters, depression and physical activity in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes were investigated. Methods This cross-sectional study involved 210 type 2 diabetes patients aged 65?years and above. Participants were interviewed to obtain information on lifestyle and 24-hour dietary recall. Assessment of depression was based on DSM-IV criteria. Clinical variables measured included anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and biochemical determinations of blood and urine samples. Linear regression was applied to determine the relationships of magnesium intake with nutritional variables and metabolic parameters. Results Among all patients, 88.6% had magnesium intake which was less than the dietary reference intake, and 37.1% had hypomagnesaemia. Metabolic syndromes and depression were associated with lower magnesium intake (p??0.05. A positive relationship was found between magnesium intake and HDL-cholesterol (p?=?0.005. Magnesium intake was inversely correlated with triglyceride, waist circumference, body fat percent and body mass index (p?p for trend?=?0005. Waist circumference, body fat percentage, and body mass index were significantly lower with increase quartile of magnesium intake (p for trend?p for trend? Conclusions The majority of elderly type 2 diabetes who have low magnesium intake may compound this deficiency with metabolic abnormalities and depression. Future studies should determine the effects of increased magnesium intake or magnesium supplementation on metabolic control and depression in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

  1. Insufficient voluntary intake of nutrients and energy in hospitalized patients Ingestión voluntariamente insuficiente de nutrientes y energía en pacientes hospitalizados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Tavares

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the inadequacy of voluntary energy and nutrient intake on the first day of hospital admission. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two terciary care hospitals, with a probabilistic sample of 50% of in-patients. Dietary intake was evaluated by a 24-hour dietary recall, and undernutrition was screened through the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 tool. The overall frequency of inadequate energy and nutrient intake was estimated using Dietary Reference Intakes. Results: Energy and nutrient intakes from 258 patients showed very low values for both men and women. No significant differences were found for energy and nutrient intakes across age groups (Objetivo: El propósito de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la inadecuación de la ingestión voluntaria de energía y nutrientes durante el primer día de ingreso hospitalario. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en dos centros hospitalarios de atención terciaria con una muestra probabilística del 50% de pacientes ingresados. Se evaluó la ingestión alimenticia mediante un diario de 24 horas, y se hizo un cribado de desnutrición mediante la herramienta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Se estimó la falta de adecuación del consumo de energía y nutrientes mediante el Dietary Reference Intakes. Resultados: El consumo de energía y nutrientes en 258 pacientes mostró niveles muy bajos tanto en hombre como en mujeres. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en el consumo de energía y nutrientes entre los distintos grupos de edad (< 65 años y ? 65 años. Cuando se analizó la proporción de sujetos del estudio con consumo inadecuado de nutrientes, se halló una alta proporción de inadecuación. El grado de inadecuación fue mayor para la fibra, niacina, folato, vitamina B12, magnesio y zinc. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en la energía y los nutrientes estudiados y los consumos inferiores a 1/3 de las recomendaciones dietéticas entre los pacientes con riesgo nutricional (n = 89 y aquellos bien nutridos (n = 169. Conclusión: La ingestión voluntaria de nutrientes y energía durante las primeras 24 horas del ingreso hospitalario es muy inadecuada. No se hallaron diferencias entre los pacientes bien y mal nutridos, ni entre los mayores o menores de 65 años.

  2. Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.L. Battaglini

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise intervention on the total caloric intake (TCI of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. A secondary purpose was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between changes in TCI, body fat composition (%BF, and fatigue during the study, which lasted 6 months. Twenty females recently diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy or radiation, were assigned randomly to an experimental (N = 10 or control group (N = 10. Outcome measures included TCI (3-day food diary, %BF (skinfolds, and fatigue (revised Piper Fatigue Scale. Each exercise session was conducted as follows: initial cardiovascular activity (6-12 min, followed by stretching (5-10 min, resistance training (15-30 min, and a cool-down (approximately 8 min. Significant changes in TCI were observed among groups (F1,18 = 8.582; P = 0.009, at treatments 2 and 3, and at the end of the study [experimental (1973 ± 419, control (1488 ± 418; experimental (1946 ± 437, control (1436 ± 429; experimental (2315 ± 455, control (1474 ± 294, respectively]. A significant negative correlation was found (Spearman rho(18 = -0.759; P < 0.001 between TCI and %BF and between TCI and fatigue levels (Spearman rho(18 = -0.541; P = 0.014 at the end of the study. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that an exercise intervention administered to breast cancer patients undergoing medical treatment may assist in the mitigation of some treatment side effects, including decreased TCI, increased fatigue, and negative changes in body composition.

  3. Adverse effects of paclitaxel in patients with alcohol abuse histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson-Martin, B

    2000-01-01

    Paclitaxel is a taxane antineoplastic agent formulated in polyoxyethylated castor oil (Cremophor El) and dehydrated alcohol. This case report describes the development of central nervous system toxicity and threatened sobriety related to the alcohol content in a paclitaxel infusion. Nurses need to be aware of the alcohol contained in paclitaxel and other drugs used in oncology practice and document previous and current alcohol use prior to beginning therapy. Alternative chemotherapy regimens may need to be offered to patients with alcohol abuse histories. PMID:10865578

  4. Intake of antioxidants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis / Consumo de antioxidantes em portadores de artrite reumatoide

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bruna Nolasco Siqueira, Silva; Ísis Lucília Santos Borges de, Araújo; Pedrita Mirella Albuquerque, Queiroz; Angela Luzia Branco Pinto, Duarte; Maria Goretti Pessoa de Araújo, Burgos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectivo: investigar o consumo alimentar de antioxidantes em pacientes portadores de artrite reumatoide. Métodos: estudo transversal do tipo série de casos com 53 mulheres acompanhadas no [...] Ambulatório de Reumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (HC-UFPE), de janeiro a outubro de 2012. Por meio de formulário, foram coletados parâmetros sociodemográficos e antropométricos (peso, estatura, índice de massa corpórea [IMC], alteração ponderal). A avaliação do consumo alimentar foi realizada por questionário de frequência alimentar semiquantitativo, analisado por tabela de composição de alimentos. A construção do banco de dados e a análise estatística foram realizadas por Excel e SPSS versão 18.0, com aplicação de testes Qui-quadrado, Anova e t-Student, com nível de confiança de 5%. Resultados: demonstrou-se que os pacientes apresentaram baixo consumo de vitaminas A, C e zinco. Portanto, ressalta-se a importância de maior consumo de alimentos fontes em antioxidantes, a fim de contribuir para a prevenção da lesão articular e a perda da função reumática, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente. Conclusão: demonstrou-se que os pacientes apresentaram baixo consumo de vitaminas A, C e zinco. Portanto, ressalta-se a importância de maior consumo de alimentos fontes em antioxidantes, a fim de contribuir para a prevenção da lesão articular e a perda da função reumática, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente. Abstract in english Objective: to investigate dietary intake of antioxidants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: this is a cross-sectional case series study with 53 women accompanied at the [...] Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic, Hospital das Clínicas/UFPE, from January to October 2012. Demographic and anthropometric parameters (weight, height, body mass index, weight change) were collected by means of a form. The assessment of food consumption was conducted using a semi-quantitative food frequency survey, analyzed according to a food composition table. Database construction and statistical analysis were performed using Excel and SPSS version 18.0, using chi-squared test, Anova, and Student’s t-test, at a confidence level of 5%. Results: the sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant. Conclusion: the sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant.

  5. Nutritional status and food intake of Brazilian patients at various stages of Alzheimer’s disease: A crosssectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Fernanda Goes

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Alzheimer’s disease (AD is characterized by disorders that can impair the nutrition of the patient and lead to weight loss and nutritional deficits during the course of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and food intake of Brazilian patients with Alzheimer’s disease at 3 different stages of the disease. The sample consisted of 30 subjects of both genders, mean age 77 years, with probable AD. Subjects were assessed by collecting anthropometric data, the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA, serum albumin content, Mini Mental State Examination and 24-hour records of food and drink. Although a steady decrease in average weight was observed as the disease progressed (CDR1: 70.8±15.9 kg; CDR2: 61.4±15.7 kg; CDR3: 56.1± 8.4 kg, the differences were not significant. MNA and serum albumin both fell during the progression of the disease (p = 0.042; p = 0.047, respectively and, at the severe stage, half the patients were found to be undernourished and the other half at risk of undernutrition. According to their body mass index, 23.3% of patients were overweight. The nutritional value of the food consumed was similar across the stages of AD. In conclusion, the majority of Brazilian patients with AD in this study exhibited cognitive decline and malnutrition. However, food intake was similar among the stages of the disease, thus having no direct association with the progression of AD.

  6. Family History of Affective Illness in Schizophrenia Patients: Symptoms and Cognition

    OpenAIRE

    Anglin, Deidre; Stanford, Arielle D; Harkavy-Friedman, Jill M; Goetz, Raymond; Rosenfield, Paul; Malaspina, Dolores

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between having a family history of affective disorder and neuropsychological functioning and PANSS symptoms in schizophrenia patients falling into four exclusive family history groups (affective spectrum disorders, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, both, or neither). Schizophrenia patients with a family history of affective illness had the best performance on IQ tests and executive function measures. Symptoms showed fewer family history group differences. ...

  7. What is the patient really taking? Discrepancies between surgery and anesthesiology preoperative medication histories

    OpenAIRE

    Burda, S; Hobson, D.; Pronovost, P

    2005-01-01

    Background: Surgical patients may be at risk for medication discrepancies that may lead to medication errors because both the anesthesiologist and the surgeon write separate preoperative medication histories.

  8. Ingesta dietética en un grupo de pacientes fumadores de marihuana Dietary intakes in a group of marihuana smoking patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. De Luis

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El uso de marihuana (cannabis sativa tiene efectos sobre el apetito, siendo los estudios en la literatura escasos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de sujetos fumadores de marihuana. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 32 varones. La edad media fue de 37,25 ± 8,8 años. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal y se realizó una encuesta nutricional. Resultados: La ingesta calórica total fue de 3.350,1 ± 979 kcal/día. La distribución de calorías fue de un 44,3% en forma de hidratos de carbono, un 14% en proteínas y un 41,7% en grasas (50,6% grasas monoinsaturadas, 36,3% grasas saturadas y el 13,1% grasas polinsaturadas. La ingesta absoluta de proteínas fue evelada (109,6 ± 38,5 g/día así como la ingesta corregida por peso (1,62 ± 0,73. Con referencia a los minerales y vitaminas, existió una baja ingesta de vitamina D, E, ácido fólico, magnesio y yodo. Las ingestas de vitaminas A, C, K, tiamina, riboflavina, B6, niacina, B12, calcio, hierro y zinc fueron superiores a las recomendaciones internacionales. No existieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la ingesta dietética ni en el peso entre los dos grupos de consumidores de marihuana en funcion de la mediana de tiempo de consumo (19 años. Conclusiones: Los pacientes fumadores de marihuana realizan una dieta hipercalorica e hiperproteica, rica en grasas y con un aporte por encima de lo recomendado de micronutrientes. Todo ello sin relacionarse con el peso del paciente.Background: Marihuana use has effects on appetite; studies in the literature on this topic area are limited. The aim of our work was to evaluate the dietary intake of marihuana smoking patietns. Patients and methods: A total of 32 male subjects were enrolled (average age 37.25 ± 8.8 years. In all patients were determined weight, height and body mass index and a three days nutritional questionnaire. Results: Total calories intakes were higher (3,350.1 ± 979 kcal/day. Distribution of calories was 44.3% of carbohydrates, 14% of proteins and 41.7% of lipids (50.6% mono-unsaturate fats, 36.3% saturate fats and 13.1% poluunsaturated fats. Total protein intake was 109.6 ± 38.5 g/day and corrected by weight was 1.62 ± 0.73 g/kg. Low intake of vitamin D, E, folic, magnesium and iodine were detected. High intake of vitamin A, C, K, thiamine, riboflavine, B6, niacin, B12, calcium, iron and zinc were observed. No statistical differences in dietary ntake or weight were detected between groups of marihuana users by median of consumtion time of this drug. Conclusions: Marihuana smoking patients realized a hipercloric and hiperproteic diet, with high amounts of fats and with an intake of micronutrients above international recommendations. This dietary intake has not related with weight.

  9. [Effect of a positive family history on the prognosis in patient with Bechterew disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falkenbach, A; Griessmayer, H; Tripathi, R

    1998-01-16

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether the patients with a family history of ankylosing spondylitis might have a milder course of the disease than patients with a negative family history. We investigated a group of 197 patients with ankylosing spondylitis who had been suffering from symptoms of the disease for > or = 20 years. After exclusion of the patients with a history, or current evidence of colitis or urethritis, the remaining 148 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (none with psoriasis) were divided into 2 groups on the basis of a positive (25 patients) or a negative (123 patients) family history of ankylosing spondylitis. The variables of mobility were compared. Furthermore, the present height was compared with the former (maximum) height. All variables measured in the present study showed slightly better results in the patients with a positive family history, but the differences were not significant. The decrease of height was slightly larger in patients with a positive family history. Evidently, a positive family history does not appear to give a reliable prediction of the long-term prognosis in Austrian and German patients with ankylosing spondylitis. PMID:9499474

  10. Ingesta dietética en un grupo de pacientes fumadores de marihuana / Dietary intakes in a group of marihuana smoking patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D. A. De, Luis; A., Armentia; P. L., Muñoz; A., Dueñas-Laita; B., Martín; B. De la, Fuente; O., Izaola.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El uso de marihuana (cannabis sativa) tiene efectos sobre el apetito, siendo los estudios en la literatura escasos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de sujetos fumadores de marihuana. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 32 varones. La edad med [...] ia fue de 37,25 ± 8,8 años. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal y se realizó una encuesta nutricional. Resultados: La ingesta calórica total fue de 3.350,1 ± 979 kcal/día. La distribución de calorías fue de un 44,3% en forma de hidratos de carbono, un 14% en proteínas y un 41,7% en grasas (50,6% grasas monoinsaturadas, 36,3% grasas saturadas y el 13,1% grasas polinsaturadas). La ingesta absoluta de proteínas fue evelada (109,6 ± 38,5 g/día) así como la ingesta corregida por peso (1,62 ± 0,73). Con referencia a los minerales y vitaminas, existió una baja ingesta de vitamina D, E, ácido fólico, magnesio y yodo. Las ingestas de vitaminas A, C, K, tiamina, riboflavina, B6, niacina, B12, calcio, hierro y zinc fueron superiores a las recomendaciones internacionales. No existieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la ingesta dietética ni en el peso entre los dos grupos de consumidores de marihuana en funcion de la mediana de tiempo de consumo (19 años). Conclusiones: Los pacientes fumadores de marihuana realizan una dieta hipercalorica e hiperproteica, rica en grasas y con un aporte por encima de lo recomendado de micronutrientes. Todo ello sin relacionarse con el peso del paciente. Abstract in english Background: Marihuana use has effects on appetite; studies in the literature on this topic area are limited. The aim of our work was to evaluate the dietary intake of marihuana smoking patietns. Patients and methods: A total of 32 male subjects were enrolled (average age 37.25 ± 8.8 years). In all p [...] atients were determined weight, height and body mass index and a three days nutritional questionnaire. Results: Total calories intakes were higher (3,350.1 ± 979 kcal/day). Distribution of calories was 44.3% of carbohydrates, 14% of proteins and 41.7% of lipids (50.6% mono-unsaturate fats, 36.3% saturate fats and 13.1% poluunsaturated fats). Total protein intake was 109.6 ± 38.5 g/day and corrected by weight was 1.62 ± 0.73 g/kg. Low intake of vitamin D, E, folic, magnesium and iodine were detected. High intake of vitamin A, C, K, thiamine, riboflavine, B6, niacin, B12, calcium, iron and zinc were observed. No statistical differences in dietary ntake or weight were detected between groups of marihuana users by median of consumtion time of this drug. Conclusions: Marihuana smoking patients realized a hipercloric and hiperproteic diet, with high amounts of fats and with an intake of micronutrients above international recommendations. This dietary intake has not related with weight.

  11. Prácticas vinculadas al consumo de sal en pacientes con enfermedad renal / Salt intake practices in patients with renal disease

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jessica, Delgado Peralta; Jennifer, Bernal Rivas.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Excederse en el consumo de sal es una práctica común, que conlleva a consecuencias patológicas en la población en general, más aún en el paciente renal. Un consumo elevado de este elemento se asocia con mayor riesgo de desarrollo de hipertensión, enfermedad cardiovascular y renal, patologías respons [...] ables de 60% de la morbi-mortalidad mundial. La Organización Mundial de la Salud recomienda un consumo máximo de 5g. sal/día. Esta investigación busca determinar las prácticas vinculadas al consumo de sal y estimar su consumo en pacientes con enfermedad renal, que asisten al departamento de nefrología del hospital Guanare, Portuguesa-Venezuela. Es un estudio mixto, realizado en 66 pacientes (n=36 grupos focales, n=30 entrevistas cuantitativas). Las variables estudiadas fueron: disponibilidad de sal en hogar, consumo de alimentos con elevado contenido de sodio y prácticas cualitativas vinculadas al consumo de sal. Los pacientes consumieron 12,5 (?) y 11,3 (?) g/día de sal, provenientes del consumo directo y alimentos procesados. Los alimentos con elevado contenido de sodio más frecuentemente consumidos fueron: leche entera en polvo, quesos llanero y blanco pasteurizado, embutidos, enlatados, bebidas gaseosas, margarina, sazonadores y salsas (mayonesa, inglesa, ajo y soya). Los pacientes no leen el etiquetado nutricional y desconocen la cantidad de sodio de alimentos procesados. Los pacientes evitan el uso de sal de mesa, pero no el consumo de alimentos procesados. El consumo de sal de los pacientes, duplica las recomendaciones internacionales y nacionales que regulan el consumo de sodio, lo que conlleva a una disminución de la expectativa y calidad de vida. Abstract in english Exceed salt intake is a common practice, that leads to pathological consequences in the whole population, even more in the patient with renal disease. High salt consumption has been associated with hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease that are responsible for 60% of worldwide mor [...] bi-mortality. The World Health Organization recommends a maximum intake of 5 g of salt/day. The aim of this study is to determine practices related with salt intake, and estimate the consumption in patients with renal disease, who attended the nephrology department in Guanare´s Hospital, Portuguesa State, Venezuela. We used a mixed-method approach in 66 patients (n=36 subjects from focus groups, n=30 who participated in quantitative interviews). The main variables studied were: availability of salt at household, intake of foods with high Sodium content, practices related with use of salt. The patients consumed 12.5 (?) and 11.3 (?) g/day, from salt alone and processed foods. The most consumed foods with high sodium content were: whole milk powder, white local cheese, ham, canned food, soft drinks, margarine, mayonnaise, garlic and soy sauce. Patients do not read the food label, ignore the amount of sodium in processed foods, avoid the salt on the table, but not from processed food. The salt intakes of these patients exceed more than double the international and national recommendations, and as a consequence they diminished their life expectancy and reduced their quality of life.

  12. Consequences of radiotherapy on nutritional status, dietary intake, serum zinc and copper levels in patients with gastrointestinal tract and head and neck cancer.

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Mahdavi; Elnaz Faramarzi; Mohammad Mohammad-Zadeh,; Jamal Ghaeammaghami; Morteza V. Jabbari

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Malnutrition occurs frequently in cancer patients and is multifactorial and can lead to negative outcomes. So we studied the effect of radiotherapy on nutritional status, weight changes, dietary intake, serum zinc and copper levels. METHODS During the period of October to March 2005, 45 cancer patients who referred to the Radiotherapy Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Iran were recruited. We assessed the nutritional status of patients using Patient-Generated Subjective Globa...

  13. Usual dietary intake among female breast cancer survivors is not significantly different from women with no cancer history: results of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milliron, Brandy-Joe; Vitolins, Mara Z; Tooze, Janet A

    2014-06-01

    Dietary intake is a modifiable behavior that may reduce the risk of recurrence and death among breast cancer survivors. Cancer survivors are encouraged to consume a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, and whole grains and limit red meat, processed meat, and alcohol intake. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006), this study examined whether breast cancer survivors and women with no history of cancer differed in the distribution of usual intake of foods included in the dietary recommendations for preventing cancer and recurrences. Participants completed one or two 24-hour dietary recalls. The food groups included in this analysis were whole fruit; total vegetables; dark green and orange vegetables; whole grains; red meat; processed meat; alcohol; and calories from solid fat, alcohol, and added sugar. The National Cancer Institute Method was used to estimate the distribution of usual intake and to compare breast cancer survivors (n=102) to noncancer respondents (n=2,684). Using age and cancer survivor as covariates, subgroup estimates of usual intake were constructed. No significant group differences were found, except that survivors reported a greater intake of whole grains. More than 90% of both groups did not meet recommendations for fruits, vegetables, and whole grains; 75.4% and 70.2%, respectively, consumed less than the red meat recommendation; and added sugar. The diet of breast cancer survivors was not significantly different from women with no history of cancer. PMID:24169415

  14. Energy and protein intake and nutritional status in non-surgically treated patients with small cell anaplastic carcinoma of the lung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spontaneous food intake and nutritional status was assessed in 23 patients with small cell anaplastic carcinoma of the lung before and two times during a treatment period of 6 weeks. Radiation therapy was given for 2 weeks followed by a course of chemotherapy and another 2 weeks of radiation therapy. The energy intake decreased during the treatment from 146 to 130 per cent of basal metabolic rate (p>0.10). The protein intake remained unchanged (mean 0.9 g/kg body weight).There were insignificant and small losses of weight, body fat, free body mass and arm muscle circumference, and no changes were seen in serum albumin and serum transferrin. However, 6 patients suffered a weight loss of 5 per cent or more. No correlation existed between the nutritional parameters measured before treatment and the changes during treatment. Patients who suffered a loss of body weight could therefore not be singled out before the treatment. (orig.)

  15. A case-control study on the dietary taurine intake, nutrient status and life stress of functional constipation patients in Korean male college students

    OpenAIRE

    You Jeong-Soon; Park Ji-Yeon; Chang Kyung-Ja

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Constipation is a common gastrointestinal symptom in Korea as well as in Western countries. This study was performed to investigate the dietary taurine intake, nutrient status, and life stress of functional constipation (FC) patients in Korean male college students. Methods Research data were collected in 2008 and a total of 104 male students (52 with FC patients and 52 healthy controls without FC) were included. FC patients were defined by the codes for the Rome? Modula...

  16. Consequences of radiotherapy on nutritional status, dietary intake, serum zinc and copper levels in patients with gastrointestinal tract and head and neck cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malnutrition occurs frequently in cancer patients and is multifactorial and can lead to negative outcomes. So we studied the effect of radiotherapy on nutritional status, weight changes, dietary intake, serum zinc and copper levels. During the period of October to March 2005, 45 cancer patients who referred to the Radiotherapy Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Iran were recruited. We assessed the nutritional status of patients using Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire. Patients on the basis of location of radiotherapy classified to mediastinum, head and neck pelvic groups. Changes in dietary intake (using 24 hour recall method) and body weight were evaluated prior to and during radiotherapy. At the onset and the end of radiotherapy, serum levels of Zinc, copper and albumin were determined. After treatment malnutrition increased significantly in all patients (p=0.01) and in head and neck (p=0.007) and pelvic groups (p=0.04). The decreased bodyweight of patients was significant in head and neck (p=0.02) and pelvic groups (p=0.05). The mean daily energy and protein intake of head and neck and pelvic groups decreased during radiotherapy while energy intake increased significantly in mediastinum group (p=0.01). After treatment, significant decreases also observed in mean serum zinc, copper and albumin levels (p<0.05). Because of negative effect of radiotherapy on oral feeding, nutritional assessment and intervention should be an integral parand intervention should be an integral part of treatment. Also, it would be worthwhile studying the effect of zinc supplementation on dietary intake and nutritional status of patients. (author)

  17. Association of abuse history with symptom severity and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Juan; Vincent, Ann; Cha, Stephen S; Luedtke, Connie A; Oh, Terry H

    2015-03-01

    A high prevalence of abuse has been reported in patients with fibromyalgia. We aimed to examine the association between self-reported abuse history and symptom severity and quality of life (QOL) in 962 patients with fibromyalgia. All patients completed the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and the Short Form 36 health survey (SF-36). Multivariate regression analyses were performed. In total, 289 patients (30%) reported a history of abuse. Of those who specified abuse types, 161 patients (59%) reported more than 1 type of abuse (36% emotional, 32% physical, 25% sexual, and 7% verbal). Patients in the abuse group were younger and more likely to be female, unemployed, unmarried, and current smokers compared with patients who reported no abuse. After adjusting for these differences, abuse history was associated with worse symptoms, as indicated by a higher FIQ total score (P fibromyalgia was associated with worse symptoms and QOL compared with those patients without abuse history. Future studies are needed to assess whether additional tailored interventions as part of fibromyalgia treatment are helpful for patients with a history of abuse. PMID:25129032

  18. Fatores associados à ingestão de sal em pacientes em tratamento crônico de hemodiálise / Factors associated to salt intake in chronic hemodialysis patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabiana Baggio, Nerbass; Jyana Gomes, Morais; Rafaela Gonzaga dos, Santos; Tatiana Stela, Kruger; Andrea Carolina, Sczip; Hercilio Alexandre da, Luz Filho.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A ingestão de sal tem sido diretamente relacionada ao aumento da ingestão hídrica e, consequentemente, ao incremento dos níveis da pressão arterial (PA) e do ganho de peso interdialítico (GPID), fatores de risco de morbimortalidade em pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a in [...] gestão de sal e suas fontes alimentares, bem como sua associação com parâmetros demográficos, clínicos e nutricionais. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal no qual participaram 109 pacientes (66% mulheres; idade = 49,0 ± 12,6 anos) de cinco centros de diálise. Para obtenção da ingestão de sal total, foi utilizado um questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA) validado somado à estimativa da ingestão de sal de adição. Os dados obtidos foram relacionados a diversos parâmetros. RESULTADOS: A ingestão de sal média foi elevada (8,6 ± 5,4 g/dia), sendo 72% proveniente do sal de adição. Apenas a escolaridade se correlacionou tanto com a ingestão de sal total (r = -0,29; p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Salt intake increases fluid intake and, consequently, blood pressure (BP) and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG), known as morbi-mortality risk factors for hemodialysis (HD) patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate salt intake and food sources, as well as its relationship with demographics, clinica [...] l and nutritional parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 109 patients (66% women, age = 49.0 ± 12.6 years) from five dialysis centers. For total salt intake, a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the use of discretionary salt were estimated. The relationship of salt intake with many factors was studied. RESULTS: Salt intake was high (8.6 ± 5.4 g/day) and 72% came from discretionary salt. Only literacy was significantly correlated total salt intake (r = -0.29, p

  19. Prevalence of Dysglycemia Among Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Patients with No Previous Diabetic History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Mina

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dysglycemia is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. In many patient populations dysglycemia is under-diagnosed. Patients with severe coronary artery disease commonly have dysglycemia and there is growing evidence that dysglycemia, irrespective of underlying history of diabetes, is associated with adverse outcome in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery patients, including longer hospital stay, wound infections, and higher mortality. As HbA1c is an easy and reliable way of checking for dysglycemia we routinely screen all patients undergoing CABG for elevations in HbA1c. Our hypothesis was that a substantial number of patients with dysglycemia that could be identified at the time of cardiothoracic surgery despite having no apparent history of diabetes. Methods 1045 consecutive patients undergoing CABG between 2007 and 2009 had HbA1c measured pre-operatively. The 2010 American Diabetes Association (ADA diagnostic guidelines were used to categorize patients with no known history of diabetes as having diabetes (HbA1c ? 6.5% or increased risk for diabetes (HbA1c 5.7-6.4%. Results Of the 1045 patients with pre-operative HbA1c measurements, 40% (n = 415 had a known history of diabetes and 60% (n = 630 had no known history of diabetes. For the 630 patients with no known diabetic history: 207 (32.9% had a normal HbA1c ( Conclusion Among individuals undergoing CABG with no known history of diabetes, there is a substantial amount of undiagnosed dysglycemia. Even though labeling these patients as "diabetic" or "increased risk for diabetes" remains controversial in terms of perioperative management, pre-operative screening could lead to appropriate post-operative follow up to mitigate short-term adverse outcome and provide high priority medical referrals of this at risk population.

  20. Plantar Pressure Distribution Patterns During Gait in Diabetic Neuropathy Patients with a History of Foot Ulcers

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana Almeida Bacarin; Sacco, Isabel C. N.; Hennig, Ewald M.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the influence of a previous history of foot ulcers on plantar pressure variables during gait of patients with diabetic neuropathy. INTRODUCTION: Foot ulcers may be an indicator of worsening diabetic neuropathy. However, the behavior of plantar pressure patterns over time and during the progression of neuropathy, especially in patients who have a clinical history of foot ulcers, is still unclear. METHODS: Subjects were divided into the following groups: co...

  1. The use of nationwide on-line prescription records improves the drug history in hospitalized patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glintborg, Bente; Poulsen, Henrik E

    2008-01-01

    What is already known about this subject: Structured medication interviews improve the medication history upon hospitalization. Pharmacy records are valid lists of the prescribed medications available to individual patients. In Denmark, treating doctors now have access to their patients' pharmacy records through a real-time online electronic database What this study adds: Omission errors are frequent among hospitalized patients despite structured drug interviews and home visits. Pharmacy records may be used to minimize patients' recall bias and improve the medication lists.

  2. Ingesta excesiva de alcohol, malnutrición y cáncer de cabeza y cuello Heavy alcohol intake, malnutrition and head and neck cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Martín Villares

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello presentan generalmente una excesiva ingesta de alcohol en su dicta diaria. El objetivo de este trabajo será establecer la relación entre consumo excesivo de alcohol en cáncer de cabeza y cuello y malnutrición junto al posible valor pronóstico del abuso de alcohol en su evolución oncológica. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudian de forma prospectiva 50 pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral o faringolaringe en estadío T2-4. Se investigará sobre el estado nutricional y la aparición de recidivas en función de la ingesta de alcohol, así como la posibilidad de abandono del consumo de alcohol al finalizar el tratamiento oncológico. Resultados: El 51% de nuestros enfermos ingería diariamente una cantidad excesiva de alcohol en su dieta. El 70% de los grandes consumidores de alcohol presentaban mal estado nutricional, frente a una incidencia de desnutrición del 30% en los enfermos que no tomaban alcohol (p Head and neck cancer patients are frecuently heavy alcohol drinkers. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of alcohol intake on nutritional status and the impact in prognoses. Patients and methods: Fifty patients with oral and pharyngolaryngeal carcinomas were prospective studied in a control-case study. We studied nutritional status and tumoral recurrence in alcoholic and non-alcoholic patients. We also studied alcohol intake after oncologic treatment in these patients. Results: 51% of these patients had excesive alcohol intake before oncologic, treatment. The impact of malnutrition was 70% in alcoholic patients vs 30% in non-alcoholic (p < 0.01. Tumoral recurrence was 30% in alcoholic patients vs 13% in non-alcoholic patients (p < 0.05 . Only 48% of alcoholic patient stopped alcohol in-take after treatment. Conclusions: Excesive alcohol intake in head and neck cancer patients is a predictive malnutrition factor and it is related to poor prognoses. Alcoholic patients with head and neck cancer and malnutrition need an agresive nutritional, medical and psycosocial suppor after oncologic treatment, in order to reach a better and longer survival.

  3. Omalizumab decreases exacerbation frequency, oral intake of corticosteroids and peripheral blood eosinophils in atopic patients with uncontrolled asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelaia, G; Gallelli, L; Romeo, P; Renda, T; Busceti, M T; Proietto, A; Grembiale, R D; Marsico, S A; Maselli, R; Vatrella, A

    2011-12-01

    Omalizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody approved in 2005 by the European Medicine Agency (EMA) for the treatment of severe persistent allergic asthma, which remains inadequately controlled despite optimal therapy with high doses of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting ??-adrenergic agonists. Within this context, the present observational study refers to 16 patients currently treated with omalizumab at the Respiratory Unit of "Magna Græcia" University Hospital located in Catanzaro, Italy, whose anti- IgE therapy was started in the period included between March 2007 and February 2010, thus lasting at least 10 months. After 40 weeks of add-on treatment with omalizumab, very relevant decreases were detected, in comparison with pre-treatment mean (± standard deviation) values, in monthly exacerbation numbers (from 1.1 ± 0.6 to 0.2 ± 0.4; p eosinophils (mean ± SD: 15.9 ± 8.0% of total WBC count; absolute number: 1,588.0 ± 956.9/?l) despite a long-lasting therapy with inhaled and systemic corticosteroids, the peripheral counts of these cells decreased down to near normal levels (mean ± SD: 6.3 ± 2.3% of total WBC count; absolute number: 462.0 ± 262.3/?l) after 16 weeks of treatment with omalizumab. Therefore, this descriptive evaluation confirms the efficacy of add-on omalizumab therapy in selected patients with exacerbation-prone, chronic allergic uncontrolled asthma, requiring a continuous intake of oral corticosteroids. PMID:22122813

  4. Neurodegenerative changes in patients with clinical history of bipolar disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shioya, Ayako; Saito, Yuko; Arima, Kunimasa; Kakuta, Yukio; Yuzuriha, Takefumi; Tanaka, Noriko; Murayama, Shigeo; Tamaoka, Akira

    2015-06-01

    Neurodegeneration in bipolar disorder (BPD) is poorly understood. Therefore, the current study was designed to assess the immunohistochemical changes in neurodegenerative markers in patients with BPD. Eleven consecutive autopsy cases diagnosed with BPD were analyzed. Sections were obtained from archival paraffin blocks of representative areas and stained using conventional methods, as well as immunostained with several antibodies to screen for neurodegenerative diseases. Age- and non-argyrophilic grains (AGs) degeneration matched controls were selected for each case. Clinical information was retrospectively collected from medical charts. All patients were men, and the average age of death was 70 years. Neuropathological diagnoses included dementia with grains (2), argyrophilic grain disease (2), corticobasal degeneration (CBD, 1), Lewy body disease (1), hypoxic encephalopathy (1) and cerebral infarction (1). All cases showed AGs to various degrees. Three patients died in their 50s; one demonstrated dementia with Lewy bodies, while the other two showed abundant AGs in the thalamus and amygdala. Of the three patients who died in their 60s, one showed AGs preferentially in the thalamus and amygdala, while the others demonstrated limbic predominance. The patients who died in/after their 70s demonstrated AGs similar to controls, except for the patient with CBD. Our data provides potentiality that neurodegenerative diseases may be an underlying pathology in certain cases of BPD. PMID:25819679

  5. Response of fibroblast growth factor 21 to meal intake and insulin infusion in patients on maintenance haemodialysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinhard, Mark; Frystyk, Jan

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the response of serum fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) to a meal and to insulin infusion in haemodialysis (HD) patients. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Meal study: in a cross-over design, 12 non-diabetic HD patients were randomly assigned to: 1) a non-HD day with one meal served, 2) a HD day with one meal served during HD, and 3) a HD day with two meals served during and after HD, respectively. Twelve healthy controls participated in an experiment identical to the non-HD day. Insulin infusion study: in a cross-over design, 11 non-diabetic HD patients were randomly assigned to receive a 4-h HD session with either: 1) no infusion, 2) glucose infusion, or 3) glucose-insulin infusion. A meal was served 2 h before HD start. RESULTS: Meal study: serum FGF21 was 23-fold higher in HD patients than controls (P < 0?001). Postprandial FGF21 decreased on all four study days (P ? 0?006), but the relative reductions from baseline were significantly greater in controls (P < 0?008). Postprandial changes in FGF21 were inversely related with triglycerides (P = 0?042) and positively related with insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) (P < 0?001). Serum FGF21 was only associated with changes in adiponectin (P = 0?001) and free fatty acids (P = 0?04) in the healthy controls. Insulin infusion study: as compared with no infusion, glucose and glucose-insulin infusion prevented the postprandial decrease in FGF21 and resulted in higher FGF21 concentrations by up to 25% (P = 0?003). CONCLUSIONS: Serum FGF21 was highly elevated in HD patients but the response of serum FGF21 to meal intake and insulin infusion seemed to be intact. Our results indicate that FGF21 may play an important role in short-term metabolic homeostasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  6. Reducing salt intake for prevention of cardiovascular diseases in high-risk patients by advanced health education intervention (RESIP-CVD study), Northern Thailand: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

    OpenAIRE

    Aung Myo; Yuasa Motoyuki; Moolphate Saiyud; Nedsuwan Supalert; Yokokawa Hidehiro; Kitajima Tsutomu; Minematsu Kazuo; Tanimura Susumu; Fukuda Hiroshi; Hiratsuka Yoshimune; Ono Koichi; Kawai Sachio; Marui Eiji

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Decreasing salt consumption can prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Practically, it is difficult to promote people’s awareness of daily salt intake and to change their eating habits in terms of reducing salt intake for better cardiovascular health. Health education programs visualizing daily dietary salt content and intake may promote lifestyle changes in patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods/Design This is a cluster randomized trial. A total of 80...

  7. Minor physical anomalies are more common in schizophrenia patients with the history of homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tényi, Tamás; Halmai, Tamás; Antal, Albert; Benke, Bálint; Jeges, Sára; Tényi, Dalma; Tóth, Ákos Levente; Csábi, Györgyi

    2015-02-28

    Minor physical anomalies may be external markers of abnormal brain development, so the more common appearance of these signs in homicidal schizophrenia might suggest the possibility of a more seriously aberrant neurodevelopment in this subgroup. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate and topological profile of minor physical anomalies in patients with schizophrenia with the history of committed or attempted homicide comparing them to patients with schizophrenia without homicide in their history and to normal control subjects. Using a list of 57 minor physical anomalies, 44 patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia were examined with the history of committed or attempted homicide, as a comparison 22 patients with the diagnosis of schizophrenia without the history of any kind of homicide and violence and 21 normal control subjects were examined. Minor physical anomalies are more common in homicidal schizophrenia patients compared to non-homicidal schizophrenia patients and normal controls, which could support a stronger neurodevelopmental component of etiology in this subgroup of schizophrenia. The higher rate of minor physical anomalies found predominantly in the head and mouth regions in homicidal schizophrenia patients might suggest the possibility of a more seriously aberrant brain development in the case of homicidal schizophrenia. PMID:25500346

  8. Prevalence of the patients with history of hepatitis in a dental faculty

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dilhan, Ilgüy; Mehmet, Ilgüy; Semanur, Dinçer; Gündüz, Bayirli.

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of the dental patients who had a history of hepatitis. Study design: A total of 13.527 records of patients who were examined between October 1, 2002 and October 1, 2004 were reviewed retrospectively. The medical histories of patients [...] were taken before routine clinical and radiographic examination. A dental software program was used for the collection of data. The chi-square test was utilized to evaluate correlations between different parameters. Results: The percentage of the patients who had a medical history of hepatitis was 7.9% (n=1065). Within the total patients; history of hepatitis A was found as 3.2% (n=438), hepatitis B was 2.3% (n=308), hepatitis C was 0.1% (n=16). The frequency of the patients who were hepatitis B carriers was 0.8% (n=113) and 17% (n=181) of patients did not know which type of hepatitis they had suffered from. Conclusions: Because dentists are particularly at risk for contacting hepatitis, a strict sterilization procedure is mandatory to prevent the transmission.

  9. TRACKING CANCER PATIENTS MEDICAL HISTORY USING WIRELESS EMERGING TECHNOLOGY : NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivang Bhagat

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The principal objective of this paper is to present an effective solution for storing and retrieving a cancer patient’s medical history in hospitals, clinics and wherever else need be. We have used latest technologies like Near Field Communication (NFC as a medium for communication, MySQL server for storing the database i.e. EHR (Electronic Health Record of patients and lastly an Android application which will provide the interface for the same.

  10. Multidisciplinary Treatment Approach in a Patient with History of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Atacan Yavuz; Ömer Birkan A?ral?; Zeynep Lale Çal??kan; Dilek Türkayd?n; Atilla Sertgöz; Bahar Kuru; Ba?ak Do?an

    2014-01-01

    Radiotherapy in NPC patients has side effects on the dentition, which affects quality of life dramatically. This case report presents multidisciplinary dental treatment approach in a 17-year-old male patient with a history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The adolescent patient applied to dental hospital 4 years after the radiotherapy with aesthetic and functional problems on dentition affecting psychological, social, and physical aspect...

  11. Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a previous history of catheter placement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate dialysis history, imaging findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in six patients with central venous stenosis without a history of previous catheter placement. Material and methods: Between April 2000 and June 2004, six (10%) of 57 haemodialysis patients had stenosis of a central vein without a previous central catheter placement. Venography findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in these six patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were three women (50%) and three men aged 32-60 years (mean age: 45 years) and all had massive arm swelling as the main complaint. The vascular accesses were located at the elbow in five patients and at the wrist in one patient. Results: Three patients had stenosis of the left subclavian vein and three patients had stenosis of the left brachiocephalic vein. The mean duration of the vascular accesses from the time of creation was 25.1 months. Flow volumes of the vascular access were very high in four patients who had flow volume measurement. The mean flow volume was 2347 ml/min. One of three patients with brachiocephalic vein stenosis had compression of the vein by the brachiocephalic artery. All the lesions were first treated with balloon angioplasty and two patients required stent placement on long term. Number of interventions ranged from 1 to 4 (mean: 2.1). Symptoms resolved in five patients and improved in one patient who had a stent placed in the left BCV. Conclusion: Central venous sten left BCV. Conclusion: Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a history of central venous catheterization tends to occur or be manifested in patients with a proximal permanent vascular access with high flow rates. Balloon angioplasty with or without stent placement offers good secondary patency rates in mid-term

  12. Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauritsen Jens M

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all tuberculosis case categories. National tuberculosis programs might utilize such information to identify problems related to referral and access to diagnosis and treatment. Objectives Based on the electronic database we created, our objectives were to provide a detailed description of age and sex characteristics of tuberculosis patients at registration and to provide a comparison of age-specific sex characteristics among incident and prevalent sputum smear-positive cases. Methods A representative sample of tuberculosis case registers from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005 was selected in Cambodia, two provinces in China and Viet Nam. Age and sex characteristics of cases in the three separate prevalence surveys in the three jurisdictions (Cambodia: year 2002; China: year 2000; and Viet Nam: year 2006-2007 were obtained for comparison. Results A total 37,635 patients had been registered during the period in the selected units in the three countries. Cases were more frequently male in all three countries with 53%, 71%, and 69% in Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam, respectively. The ratios of the female-to-male odds in the notification system to that in the prevalence survey in smear-positive cases in Cambodia, China and Viet Nam were 2.1, 0.9, and 1.8, respectively. Because of the small proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis registered in China, we limited the analysis on age and sex distribution for extrapulmonary cases to Cambodia and Viet Nam. The proportion with extrapulmonary tuberculosis among all cases was 18.5% in Cambodia and 15.7% in Viet Nam, decreasing in frequency with increasing age. Conclusions Characteristics of patients greatly differed between countries and between patient categories. In Cambodia and Viet Nam, efforts should be made for improved case-finding of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis among males.

  13. Radiological and scintigraphic findings in patients with a clinical history of chronic inflammatory back pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prevalence of radiological abnormalities of the sacroiliac joints, the manubriosternal joint, and the lumbar spine were assessed, and quantitative sacroiliac scintigraphy was performed in 151 patients with a history of chronic inflammatory back pain and in 31 controls with non-inflammatory back pain. Sacroiliitis was found in 124 patients (82%), manubriosternal lesions in 84 patients (56%), and lesions of the lumbar spine in 58 patients (38%). In 19 patients (13%), manubriosternal lesions provided the sole radiological abnormality and in five patients (3%) no radiological abnormality could be demonstrated at any of these sites. Quantitative sacroiliac scintigraphy showed increased values in 69 of 137 patients examined (50%), but also in 10 out of 12 control patients with disc degeneration (83%) and is, therefore, nonspecific for inflammatory lesions. Radiological examination of the manubriosternal joint is recommended in patients with inflammatory back pain without radiographic evidence of sacroiliitis. (orig.)

  14. Profiles of patients with a history of mild head injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Batia; Glicksohn, Joseph; Stern, Max; Myslobodsky, Michael S

    2004-09-01

    Mild head injury (MHI) causes heterogeneous disorders. In this exploratory study, the authors attempted to gain an understanding of this heterogeneity by isolating on clinical criteria three groups of bona fide MHI patients. These were patients who presented with virtually no complaints unless prodded (a "stoic" or "low complaint," LC) group; those who were admitted with numerous complaints, who were also demanding and argumentative ("extraverted-aggressive," EA); and those who, although symptomatic, appeared to retreat under conditions of environmental stress ("introverted-withdrawn," IW). By assessing clinical, neuropsychological, electroencephalographic (EEG) and personality variables the authors were provisionally able to support their subdivision in terms of the personality profile and, to a certain extent, both neuropsychologically and by relying on the EEC alpha/theta ratio. PMID:15370184

  15. Psychiatric History and Adaptation in Burn Injured Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Dyster-aas, Johan

    2006-01-01

    The intertwined relationship between physical and psychological problems is a topic of much interest in the rehabilitation of severely injured patients, e.g. after a burn. The present study aims at gaining further knowledge concerning the impact of psychological factors and psychiatric morbidity on short and long-term adaptation after burn injury. Outcome was assessed for three main areas: pruritus, return to work and psychiatric health. Three separate samples of previous or current adult pat...

  16. Effect of meal portion size choice on plate waste generation among patients' with different nutritional status - An investigation using Dietary Intake Monitoring System (DIMS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ofei, K T; Holst, M

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The trolley meal system allows hospital patients to select food items and portion sizes directly from the food trolley. The nutritional status of the patient may be compromised if portions selected do not meet recommended intakes for energy, protein and micronutrients. The aim of this study was to investigate: (1) the portion size served, consumed and plate waste generated, (2) the extent to which the size of meal portions served contributes to daily recommended intakes for energy and protein, (3) the predictive effect of the served portion sizes on plate waste in patients screened for nutritional risk by NRS-2002, and (4) to establish the applicability of the dietary intake monitoring system (DIMS) as a technique to monitor plate waste. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in two hospital wards over five weekdays. The DIMS was used to collect paired before-and after-meal consumption photos and measure the weight of plate content. RESULTS: The proportion of energy and protein consumed by both groups at each meal session could contribute up to 15% of the total daily recommended intake. Linear mixed model identified a positive relationship between meal portion size and plate waste (P = 0.002) and increased food waste in patients at nutritional risk during supper (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Meal portion size was associated with the level of plate waste produced. Being at nutritional risk further increased the extent of waste, regardless of the portion size served at supper. The use of DIMS as an innovative technique might be a promising way to monitor plate waste for optimizing meal portion size servings and minimizing food waste.

  17. Hansen's disease in a patient with a history of sarcoidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdick, A E; Hendi, A; Elgart, G W; Barquin, L; Scollard, D M

    2000-09-01

    We report a rare case of concomitant Hansen's disease (HD) and sarcoidosis. Reticulin staining may be a helpful diagnostic tool in establishing the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in skin lesions. The diagnosis of HD can be established despite negative polymerase chain reaction results for the detection of Mycobacterium leprae DNA. Finally, a well-established diagnosis of sarcoidosis does not preclude the development of another granulomatous disorder. Hence, when new lesions developed in a patient with sarcoidosis despite appropriate therapy, other concurrent diagnoses should be pursued. PMID:11221094

  18. Importance of family history in type 2 black South African diabetic patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erasmus, R; Blanco, E; Okesina, A; Arana, J; Gqweta, Z; Matsha, T

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To assess the family history of diabetes in type 2 black South African diabetics with emphasis on the parental phenotype.?DESIGN—Prospective case-control study in which family histories were obtained from patients.?SETTING—Diabetic clinic of a provincial teaching hospital in the Transkei region of South Africa.?SUBJECTS—A total of 1111 type 2 diabetics attending the diabetic clinic and 687 controls.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—History of diabetes in parents, siblings, maternal and paternal grandparents, aunts, and uncles.?RESULTS—Altogether 27.3% of diabetic subjects had a family history of diabetes compared with 8.4% in the control group (p<0.01). Among the group with positive family history 82.6% reported only one diabetic family member, while 17.4% reported at least two relatives; 6.6% had a diabetic relative from both maternal and paternal sides, and 87.8% had first degree relative with diabetes. Among them there was a significant maternal aggregation with 64.7% of patients having a diabetic mother compared with 27% who had a diabetic father (p<0.01). No maternal effect was observed among the second and third degree relatives. Patients with positive family history had an earlier onset of diabetes than those without family history (p<0.01).?CONCLUSION—These data suggest that type 2 diabetes is heritable in black South African diabetics. It is also likely that maternal influences may play an important part.???Keywords: diabetes; family history PMID:11320276

  19. Ingesta excesiva de alcohol, malnutrición y cáncer de cabeza y cuello / Heavy alcohol intake, malnutrition and head and neck cancer patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    C., Martín Villares; J., Domínguez Calvo; J., San Román Carbajo; M. E., Fernández Pello; P., Pomar Blanco; M., Tapia Risueño.

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello presentan generalmente una excesiva ingesta de alcohol en su dicta diaria. El objetivo de este trabajo será establecer la relación entre consumo excesivo de alcohol en cáncer de cabeza y cuello y malnutrición junto al posible valor pronóstico del abuso de [...] alcohol en su evolución oncológica. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudian de forma prospectiva 50 pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral o faringolaringe en estadío T2-4. Se investigará sobre el estado nutricional y la aparición de recidivas en función de la ingesta de alcohol, así como la posibilidad de abandono del consumo de alcohol al finalizar el tratamiento oncológico. Resultados: El 51% de nuestros enfermos ingería diariamente una cantidad excesiva de alcohol en su dieta. El 70% de los grandes consumidores de alcohol presentaban mal estado nutricional, frente a una incidencia de desnutrición del 30% en los enfermos que no tomaban alcohol (p Abstract in english Head and neck cancer patients are frecuently heavy alcohol drinkers. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of alcohol intake on nutritional status and the impact in prognoses. Patients and methods: Fifty patients with oral and pharyngolaryngeal carcinomas were prospective studied in a con [...] trol-case study. We studied nutritional status and tumoral recurrence in alcoholic and non-alcoholic patients. We also studied alcohol intake after oncologic treatment in these patients. Results: 51% of these patients had excesive alcohol intake before oncologic, treatment. The impact of malnutrition was 70% in alcoholic patients vs 30% in non-alcoholic (p

  20. Kidney transplantation in patients with history of malignancy: Time to rethink the guidelines?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baiyee, Emily; Sloan, John Mark

    2015-01-01

      A history of malignancy is often considered a contraindication for kidney transplantation. While the desire to transplant a 'cancer-free' patient is understandable, the current approach neglects the heterogeneity in the natural history of cancers, even within a given tumor type. The information used to formulate current guidelines are dated and fail to reflect the vast resource of modern oncology clinical trials data that should more accurately predict the expected overall survival and recurrence risk of cancer patients. The expected survival for many cancer patients excluded by current guidelines compares favorably with other conditions considered acceptable for transplantation. This review will suggest that close collaboration between transplant teams and oncologists can increase the appropriate use of renal transplantation in cancer patients. PMID:25961427

  1. Associação entre o estado nutricional e a ingestão dietética em pacientes com fibrose cística Association between nutritional status and dietary intake in patients with cystic fibrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Míriam Isabel Souza dos Santos Simon

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a relação entre o estado nutricional e a ingestão dietética de pacientes com fibrose cística. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 85 pacientes com fibrose cística entre 6 e 18 anos de idade. A ingestão dietética foi avaliada pelo registro alimentar de 3 dias com a pesagem dos alimentos consumidos. Os desfechos avaliados foram os seguintes indicadores do estado nutricional: percentual da relação peso/estatura (%P/E, percentil do índice de massa corpórea (IMC, escore Z para estatura/idade (E/I e peso/idade (P/I, e percentual de ingestão dietética comparada a Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de pacientes eutróficos foi de 77,7%, considerando o IMC acima do percentil 25 como ponto de corte, e 83,5% estavam acima de 90% do %P/E. A média de ingestão, avaliada em 82 pacientes, foi de 124,5% da RDA. Nas análises de regressão logística univariada, encontrou-se uma associação significativa entre a variável independente ingestão calórica e o desfecho escore Z E/I. O modelo de análise multivariado, elaborado a partir do desfecho escore Z E/I e ajustado para idade, VEF1, colonização por Staphylococcus aureus resistente à meticilina e número de internações hospitalares, demonstrou que um aumento de 1% da ingestão calórica em relação à RDA diminui em 2% a chance de ter déficit de estatura (OR = 0,98; IC95%: 0,96-1,00. A escolaridade materna demonstrou uma associação limítrofe (p = 0,054. CONCLUSÕES: Houve baixa prevalência de desnutrição nesta amostra. O modelo de estudo demonstrou evidências da associação entre a ingestão dietética e o estado nutricional, sendo esta ingestão um fator preditor de crescimento nesses pacientes.OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 85 cystic fibrosis patients between 6 and 18 years of age. Dietary intake was evaluated by the 3-day diet record (weighing the food consumed. The outcome measures were the following nutritional status indicators: weight/height (W/H% percentage, body mass index (BMI percentiles, Z score for weight/age (W/A, Z score for height/age (H/A and percentage of dietary intake compared with the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA. RESULTS: The prevalence of well-nourished patients was 77.7%, using BMI above the 25th percentile as the cut-off value, and the W/H% was above 90% in 83.5%. The mean dietary intake, evaluated in 82 patients, was 124.5% of the RDA. In the univariate logistic regression analyses, we found a significant association between the independent variable calorie intake and the Z score for W/A. The multivariate analysis, based on the Z score for H/A and adjusted for FEV1, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization and number of hospitalizations, demonstrated that a 1% increase in the calorie intake decreases the chance of having short stature by 2% (OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-1.00. Maternal level of education showed a borderline association (p = 0.054. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of malnutrition was low in this sample of patients. The study model demonstrated an association between dietary intake and nutritional status. Dietary intake was a predictive factor of statural growth in patients with cystic fibrosis.

  2. Violent behavior of patients living in psychiatric residential facilities: A comparison of male patients with different violence histories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candini, Valentina; Buizza, Chiara; Ferrari, Clarissa; Boero, Maria Elena; Giobbio, Gian Marco; Goldschmidt, Nicoletta; Greppo, Stefania; Iozzino, Laura; Maggi, Paolo; Melegari, Anna; Pasqualetti, Patrizio; Rossi, Giuseppe; de Girolamo, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    People with severe mental disorders and a history of violence are often seen as a difficult-to-manage segment of the population. In addition, this group is usually characterized by a high risk of crime recidivism, and poor compliance with community and aftercare programs. To investigate a sample of male patients living in Residential Facilities (RFs) with a history of violent behavior against people and to compare their characteristics with those of never-violent residents; to analyze the associations between aggressive behaviors in the last two years and a history of previous violence; and, to assess the predictors of aggressive behaviors. This study is part of a prospective observational cohort study which involved 23 RFs in Northern Italy. A comprehensive set of sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment-related information was gathered, and standardized assessments were administered to each participant. Also a detailed assessment of aggressive behaviors in the past two years was carried out. The study involved 268 males: 81 violent and 187 never-violent. Compared to never-violent patients, violent patients were younger, with a higher proportion of personality disorders, and have displayed an increased number of aggressive behaviors in the last two years. The presence of a history of violent behavior in the past significantly increases the probability of committing aggressive acts in the future. PMID:25681138

  3. Season of birth of breast cancer patients and its relation to patients' reproductive history in Tokyo, Japan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakao,Hiroko

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available Seasonal distribution of the birth dates of 405 pre-menopausal and 285 post-menopausal breast cancer patients was investigated in order to determine whether or not the season of their birth was related to various reproductive risk factors of breast cancer, including nulliparity, late age at first birth, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and a history of benign breast diseases. The seasonal distributions of births were compared between groups of patients categorized according to whether they possessed each risk factor or not, separately for pre- and post-menopausal patients. Patients with the same menopausal status generally had the same seasonal distribution of births, irrespective of whether or not they possessed a risk factor. Moreover, low-risk patients exhibited more deviation in the seasonal distribution of birth from general births than the high-risk patients. These results suggest that the distinctive seasonal distribution of birth observed in breast cancer patients is basically a phenomenon independent from the effect of the reproductive history on the occurrence of breast cancer, and that specific seasonal factors are involved at the fetal or neonatal stage in the etiology of breast cancer.

  4. A primary care audit of familial risk in patients with a personal history of breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathan, Paul; Ahluwalia, Aneeta; Chorley, Wendy

    2014-12-01

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women, both in the UK and worldwide. A small proportion of women are at very high risk of breast cancer, having a particularly strong family history. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has advised that practitioners should not, in most instances, actively seek to identify women with a family history of breast cancer. An audit was undertaken at an urban primary care practice of 15,000 patients, using a paper-based, self-administered questionnaire sent to patients identified with a personal history of breast cancer. The aim of this audit was to determine whether using targeted screening of relatives of patients with breast cancer to identify familial cancer risk is worthwhile in primary care. Since these patients might already expected to have been risk assessed following their initial diagnosis, this audit acts as a quality improvement exercise. The audit used a validated family history questionnaire and risk assessment tool as a screening approach for identifying and grading familial risk in line with the NICE guidelines, to guide referral to the familial cancer screening service. The response rate to family history questionnaires was 54 % and the majority of patients responded positively to their practitioner seeking to identify familial cancer risks in their family. Of the 57 returned questionnaires, over a half (54 %) contained pedigrees with individuals eligible for referral. Patients and their relatives who are often registered with the practice welcome the discussion. An appropriate referral can therefore be made. The findings suggest a role for primary care practitioners in the identification of those at higher familial risk. However integrated systems and processes need designing to facilitate this work. PMID:25096803

  5. C-A3-04: The Role of Family Disease History and Perceived Risk of Disease in Change of Fruit and Vegetable Intake Over 12 Months

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Dayna A.; Divine, George; Alexander, Gwen; Rolnick, Sharon; Calvi, Josephine; Stopponi, Melanie; Mcclure, Jennifer; Richards, Julie; Strecher, Victor; Johnson, Christine Cole

    2010-01-01

    Background: A sufficient daily consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) could help prevent chronic diseases. Since implementing the 5 A Day program, research has shown that awareness has increased, but average F&V intake among American adults remains under the minimum recommendation. This analysis examines factors related to increasing F&V intake among participants in the MENU study, a randomized trial with two intervention arms and one control arm.

  6. Fifteen-year-old colon cancer patient with a 10-year history of ulcerative colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Yeon Noh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD is regarded as one of the risk factors for colorectal cancer, and early detection of cancer in these patients may be difficult, especially in pediatric patients. Prognosis of pediatric colorectal cancer is known to be poor, because of delayed diagnosis and unfavorable differentiation. We report a case of a pediatric patient with a 10-year history of ulcerative colitis who was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer when he was 15 years old. He underwent proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis. Postoperative pathological examination of the tumor revealed adenocarcinoma. The pericolic tissue layer was infiltrated, but metastases were not found in either of the two lymph nodes. Children with a long history of predisposing factors such as IBD need particular attention to the possibility of colorectal cancer. Early diagnosis through regular screening with colonoscopy is one of the most important critical factors for a good prognosis.

  7. The prevalence and impact of trauma history in eating disorder patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klas Backholm

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Early experiences of traumatic events (TEs may be associated with subsequent eating disturbance. However, few studies have investigated overall exposure and trauma-type frequency in various types of eating disorders (EDs. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and type of TEs in a nationally representative sample of Swedish ED patients. Method: Data from a database (Stepwise for specialized ED care were used. Trauma history was assessed as a part of the routine, initial assessment. Participants over the age of 18 with a diagnosed DSM-IV ED were included (N=4,524. Results: The number of patients having experienced at least one TE was 843 (18.6%, and 204 (24.2% reported at least one additional trauma. Sexual trauma was the most common form of TE (6.3%. There was no difference in overall traumatic exposure or in type of experienced trauma between the ED diagnostic subgroups (AN, BN, EDNOS, and BED. Overall traumatic exposure was linked to self-reported severity of ED symptoms, more secondary psychosocial impairment, psychiatric comorbidity, and negative self-image. Conclusions: Trauma history in ED patients merits attention. Results are partly in line with and partly in contrast to previous research. Measurement of trauma history has varied substantially in research on EDs, and this study adds to the indistinct literature on trauma history in ED.

  8. Phase Angle and Handgrip Strength Are Sensitive Early Markers of Energy Intake in Hypophagic, Non-Surgical Patients at Nutritional Risk, with Contraindications to Enteral Nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Caccialanza

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of nutritional intakes during hospitalization is crucial, as it is known that nutritional status tends to worsen during the hospital stay, and this can lead to the negative consequences of malnutrition. International guidelines recommend the use of parenteral nutrition (PN in hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk, with contraindications to enteral nutrition. However, to date, there are no published data regarding either energy intake or objective measurements associated with it in this patient population. The aim of the present exploratory methodological study was to evaluate whether phase angle (PhA and handgrip strength normalized for skeletal muscle mass (HG/SMM are sensitive early markers of energy intake in hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk, with contraindications to enteral nutrition. We evaluated 30 eligible patients, who were treated with personalized dietary modifications and supplemental PN for at least one week during hospitalization. In a liner regression model adjusted for age, gender, basal protein intake and the basal value of each variable, a trend toward improvement of PhA and preservation of HG/SMM was observed in patients satisfying the estimated calorie requirements (N = 20, while a significant deterioration of these parameters occurred in those who were not able to reach the target (N = 10. The mean adjusted difference and 95% CI were +1.4° (0.5–2.3 (p = 0.005 for PhA and +0.23 (0.20–0.43 (p = 0.033 for HG/SMM. A significant correlation between PhA and HG/SMM variations was also observed (r = 0.56 (95% CI, 0.23–0.77; p = 0.0023. PhA and HG/SMM were able to distinguish between hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk who satisfied their estimated caloric requirements and those who did not after a one-week personalized nutritional support. Clinical studies are warranted, in order to verify these preliminary observations and to validate the role of PhA variations as early markers of anabolic/catabolic fluctuations.

  9. Phase Angle and Handgrip Strength Are Sensitive Early Markers of Energy Intake in Hypophagic, Non-Surgical Patients at Nutritional Risk, with Contraindications to Enteral Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caccialanza, Riccardo; Cereda, Emanuele; Klersy, Catherine; Bonardi, Chiara; Cappello, Silvia; Quarleri, Lara; Turri, Annalisa; Montagna, Elisabetta; Iacona, Isabella; Valentino, Francesco; Pedrazzoli, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The assessment of nutritional intakes during hospitalization is crucial, as it is known that nutritional status tends to worsen during the hospital stay, and this can lead to the negative consequences of malnutrition. International guidelines recommend the use of parenteral nutrition (PN) in hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk, with contraindications to enteral nutrition. However, to date, there are no published data regarding either energy intake or objective measurements associated with it in this patient population. The aim of the present exploratory methodological study was to evaluate whether phase angle (PhA) and handgrip strength normalized for skeletal muscle mass (HG/SMM) are sensitive early markers of energy intake in hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk, with contraindications to enteral nutrition. We evaluated 30 eligible patients, who were treated with personalized dietary modifications and supplemental PN for at least one week during hospitalization. In a liner regression model adjusted for age, gender, basal protein intake and the basal value of each variable, a trend toward improvement of PhA and preservation of HG/SMM was observed in patients satisfying the estimated calorie requirements (N = 20), while a significant deterioration of these parameters occurred in those who were not able to reach the target (N = 10). The mean adjusted difference and 95% CI were +1.4° (0.5–2.3) (p = 0.005) for PhA and +0.23 (0.20–0.43) (p = 0.033) for HG/SMM. A significant correlation between PhA and HG/SMM variations was also observed (r = 0.56 (95% CI, 0.23–0.77); p = 0.0023). PhA and HG/SMM were able to distinguish between hypophagic, non-surgical patients at nutritional risk who satisfied their estimated caloric requirements and those who did not after a one-week personalized nutritional support. Clinical studies are warranted, in order to verify these preliminary observations and to validate the role of PhA variations as early markers of anabolic/catabolic fluctuations. PMID:25768953

  10. Protein intake and the use of levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease / Ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bianca, de Moraes Fracasso; Maite, Barcelos Morais; Rosane, Gomez; Arlete, Hilbig; Estela, Iraci Rabito.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La levodopa es el principal tratamiento farmacológico para la enfermedad de Parkinson, sin embargo, la proteína de la dieta puede comprometer su eficacia. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson tratados en r [...] égimen ambulatorio, 34 pacientes fueron evaluados. Evaluación de la ingesta de alimentos por los registros, tomas de 1762 kcal/día, 70.9 g/día, el 16,6% del total de energía y 1.1 g/kg/dia de energía y proteína, respectivamente, y que la ingesta de proteínas durante el día era 70,4% del total de proteínas diario. Todos los pacientes estaban tomando levodopa y 47,1% consumían sus medicamentos con las comidas. Se concluyó que, según las recomendaciones para la enfermedad de Parkinson, los pacientes estudiados consumían una dieta rica en proteínas y con una mayor concentración de este nutriente durante el día. Aproximadamente la mitad de la muestra ingiere los medicamentos con la comida, costumbre que puede afectar el tratamiento farmacológico de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Levodopa is the principal pharmacological treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD); however the protein content in diet may compromise its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of protein intake and the use of levodopa in ambulatory patients with PD. Thirty four PD p [...] atients were assessed for protein intake, evaluating the relation energy-protein intake by means of a register. An intake of 1762 kcal/day, 70.9 g of protein/day equivalent to 16.6% of the total energy intake as protein at a level of 1.1 g/kg bw/day. Of all patients, 47.1% took their medications with meals. We conclude that the studied patients consume more protein in their diet than those recommended for PD, with half the sample taking the medications with meals, which may affect the treatment.

  11. Multidisciplinary treatment approach in a patient with history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavuz, Atacan; A?ral?, Omer Birkan; Cal??kan, Zeynep Lale; Türkayd?n, Dilek; Sertgöz, Atilla; Kuru, Bahar; Do?an, Ba?ak

    2014-01-01

    Radiotherapy in NPC patients has side effects on the dentition, which affects quality of life dramatically. This case report presents multidisciplinary dental treatment approach in a 17-year-old male patient with a history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The adolescent patient applied to dental hospital 4 years after the radiotherapy with aesthetic and functional problems on dentition affecting psychological, social, and physical aspects of his life. The dentition of the patient demonstrated the severe destruction as a devastating side effect of radiotherapy. With a successful multidisciplinary approach, our patient's aesthetics, function, and self-confidence were obtained. Well-established procedures, which include preventative care and maintenance, can reduce the duration and expenses of the treatment and help in challenging the life-long complications of radiotherapy. PMID:24523971

  12. History of oral contraceptive use in breast cancer patients: impact on prognosis and endocrine treatment response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huzell, Louise; Persson, Mia; Simonsson, Maria; Markkula, Andrea; Ingvar, Christian; Rose, Carsten; Jernström, Helena

    2015-01-01

    The purpose was to study oral contraceptive (OC) use in relation to breast cancer events and endocrine treatment response in a prospective population-based cohort, because it is unclear whether history of OC use impacts on prognosis in breast cancer patients. Between 2002 and 2011, 994 primary breast cancer patients without preoperative treatment were enrolled in Lund, Sweden and followed until December 2012. History of OC use was obtained from preoperative questionnaires. Tumor characteristics, clinical data, and date of death were obtained from pathology reports, patient charts, and population registries. Among the 948 patients with invasive cancer and no metastasis detected on the post-operative screen, 74 % had ever used OCs. Patients were followed for up to nine years (median follow-up 3 years), and 100 breast cancer events were recorded. Ever OC use was not associated with prognosis, irrespective of duration. However, any OC use before age 20 was associated with a threefold increased risk for breast cancer events in patients criteria. PMID:25556354

  13. Concomitants of family histories of mood disorders and alcoholism in a clinical cohort of patients with bipolar I and II disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantere, Outi; Suominen, Kirsi; Valtonen, Hanna M; Arvilommi, Petri; Leppämäki, Sami; Paunio, Tiina; Isometsä, Erkki T

    2012-05-01

    We diagnosed 191 secondary-care outpatients and inpatients with DSM-IV BD I or II. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, including axis I and II comorbidity, neuroticism, and prospective life-chart were evaluated at intake and at 6 and 18 months. The family history (FH) of mood disorders, alcoholism, or any major psychiatric disorders among first-degree relatives was investigated in a semistructured interview. Most (74%) patients had some positive FH; 55% of mood disorder, 36% of alcoholism. Positive FH was associated with psychiatric comorbidity and depressive course in the proband. Based on a multinomial logistic regression model, patients with an FH of mood disorder and alcoholism had an odds ratio of 4.8 (p = 0.001) for having an anxiety disorder. Overall, the first-degree relatives of patients with BD have multiple types of mental disorders, which correlate with bipolar patients' course of illness and psychiatric comorbidity. The strongest associations are between FH of mood disorders and presence of comorbid anxiety disorders. PMID:22551791

  14. The natural history of postoperative venous thromboemboli in gynecologic oncology: a prospective study of 382 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three hundred eighty-two patients who underwent major operations for gynecologic malignancy were studied prospectively to determine the natural history of postoperative venous thromboemboli. Iodine 125-labeled fibrinogen leg counting, to diagnose deep venous thrombosis, was performed daily. Sixty-three patients (17%) developed postoperative venous thromboembolic complications. Deep venous thrombosis initially arose in the calf veins in 52 patients. Twenty-seven percent of these thrombi lysed spontaneously. Four percent of thrombi in the calf veins progressed to deep venous thrombosis in the femoral vein, and 4% resulted in pulmonary emboli. Nine other patients developed proximal deep venous thrombosis without prior thrombosis in the calf veins. One patient with proximal deep venous thrombosis also had a pulmonary embolus. Two patients with no evidence of deep venous thrombosis on prospective 125I-labeled fibrinogen leg counting developed pulmonary emboli, including one fatal pulmonary embolus that was found at autopsy to have arisen from the internal iliac veins. Fifty percent of all venous thromboemboli were detected within 48 hours of operation, although two patients developed significant deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary emboli after discharge from the hospital. These results add important information to our understanding of this disease process, and raise issues related to appropriate treatment and prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism in patients afs of venous thromboembolism in patients after gynecologic operations

  15. Grado de control de hipertensión arterial en población mayor de 65 años ingresada en un servicio de Medicina Interna / Control of hypertension in elderly patients intaked on Internal Medicine

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Cinza Sanjurjo; A., Cabarcos Ortiz de Barrón; E., Nieto Pol; V., Lorenzo Zúñiga.

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Conocer el grado de control de la presión arterial (PA) en los pacientes hipertensos mayores de 65 años que ingresaron en un servicio de Medicina Interna a lo largo del año 2002. Identificar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y las patologías cardiovasculares asociadas al mal control d [...] e la presión arterial. Valorar el tratamiento farmacológico necesario para un adecuado control de la hipertensión arterial. Analizar la existencia de datos suficientes en la historia clínica que permitan una adecuada valoración del riesgo cardiovascular. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 65 años que fueron ingresados, a lo largo del año 2002, en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela. La PA se midió siguiendo normas estandarizadas y se consideró que había un buen control si eran los valores Abstract in english Objectives: To investigate hypertension control in elderly patients. To identify the cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases associated with poor control of hypertension. To evaluate the pharmacologic treatment needed for the good control of hypertension. To analyse the existence of [...] date in the medical history to evaluate the cardiovascular risk. Methods: A coss-sectional study of elderly hypertensive patients intaked between 1 to January 2002 to 31 December 2002 in a Internal Medicine Service. Blood pressure was measured in the standard manner. Blood pressure control was regarded as optimum if pressure averaged less than 140/90 mmHg or, in diabetics, less than 130/80 mmHg. Results: The study included 484 hipertensive patients. In the hypertensive patients, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures were well controlled in 53.9% of patients, systolic blood pressure alone in 2,1% and diastolic blood pressure alone in 30.8%. The isolated systolic arterial hypertension prevalence is bigger in the group with poor control, p

  16. Rehabilitation of a patient with an elusive medical history and loss of occlusal vertical dimension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Angela T T; Nguyen, Caroline T

    2013-01-01

    In this clinical report, we describe the medical history, diagnosis and prosthodontic treatment of a 61-year-old man with a previous history of oral cancer. Loss of a full upper denture and severe erosion of his teeth prompted the patient to seek treatment at the dental clinic at the British Columbia Cancer Agency. Although he stated that he was being treated for a sleeping disorder, hospital records revealed multiple recent admissions for alcoholism and depression. The patient's limited finances prevented complex restoration of worn lower dentition; thus, definitive treatment consisted of extraction of teeth with a poor prognosis, removal of a glandular odontogenic cyst and fabrication of a full maxillary prosthesis and a removable mandibular cast-metal overlay. PMID:23763727

  17. Cancer history and other personal factors affect quality of life in patients with hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Sara H; Iyer, Sandy; Scott, Jennifer; Erez, Orry; Samuel, Shelby; Markovits, Temima; Schwartz, Myron; Toro, Charlene; Gambarin-Gelwan, Maya; Kurtz, Robert C

    2005-01-01

    Background Although patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have been found to have reduced quality of life, little is known about how other characteristics affect their quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of other characteristics, including history of cancer, on quality of life in patients with CHC. Methods One hundred forty patients from clinics at three hospitals in New York City completed a detailed epidemiologic interview about demographic and lifestyle characteristics and the SF-36 measuring health-related quality of life. We compared results from our patients to normative data using t-tests of differences between means. We used multivariate analyses to determine other personal and health-related factors associated with quality of life outcomes. Results Compared to normative data, these patients had reduced quality of life, particularly on physical functioning. The summary Physical Component Score (PCS) was 45.4 ± 10.6 and the Mental Component Score (MCS) was 48.2 ± 11.1, vs norms of 50 ± 10.0; p-values were <0.0001 and <0.05, respectively. In multivariate analyses, the PCS was significantly lower among those with cancer history, ? 2 other chronic conditions, less education, low physical activity, and higher alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. Cancer was more important for men, while other chronic conditions were more important for women. On the MCS, history of depression, low physical activity, alcohol use, and female gender were independently associated with poorer scores. Conclusion Several health and lifestyle factors independently influence quality of life in CHC patients. Different factors are important for men and women. PMID:15960844

  18. Creating history: documents and patient participation in nurse-patient interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Aled

    2009-09-01

    Strongly worded directives regarding the need for increased patient participation during nursing interaction with patients have recently appeared in a range of 'best-practice' documents. This paper focuses on one area of nurse-patient communication, the hospital admission interview, which has been put forward as an ideal arena for increased patient participation. It uses data from a total of 27 admission interviews, extensive periods of participant observation and analysis of nursing records to examine how hospital admission interviews are performed by nurses and patients. Analysis shows that topics discussed during admission closely follow the layout of the admission document which nurses complete during the interview. Whilst it is tempting to describe the admission document as a 'super technological power' in influencing the interaction and restricting patient participation, this analysis attempts a more rounded reading of the data. Findings demonstrate that, whilst opportunities for patient participation were rare, admission interviews are complex interactional episodes that often belie simplistic or prescriptive guidance regarding interaction between nurses and patients. In particular, issue is taken with the lack of contextual and conceptual clarity with which best-practice guidelines are written. PMID:19843273

  19. Study of Cognitive Disorders in Stroke-free Patients with a History of Atrial Fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Goldust

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrial fibrillation is associated with cerebral stroke, congestive heart insufficiency and mortality. The present study aimed at evaluating of cognitive disorders in patients with history of atrial fibrillation without cerebral stroke. In a case-control study, 100 patients with first-ever atrial fibrillation seizure without history of cerebral stroke were evaluated. One hundred healthy subjects with normal sinus rhythm matched with the patients in terms of age and gender were regarded as the control group. The case and control groups were followed up for at least one year after occurring of atrial fibrillation. Cognitive disorders were evaluated at the last visit. The case group was consisted of 51 men and 42 women with mean age of 71.08±5.35 years and there were 53 men and 43 women with mean age of 71.34±5.04 years in the control group. Previous history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, consuming of alcohol and warfarin in the case group were 49.5, 23.7, 18.3, 31.2, 14, 7.5 and 9.7% and in the control group 6.4, 35.4, 24, 36.5, 21.9, 13.5 and 12.5%, respectively. In this regard, there was not statistically meaningful difference between these two groups. Dementia was detected in 3 (3.2% of the case and 1 (1% of the control group subjects (p = 0.29. Comparing two groups with and without dementia demonstrated that there was not any meaningful risk factor. According to the results, dementia in patients with positive history of atrial fibrillation was more than normal population.

  20. Plantar pressure distribution patterns during gait in diabetic neuropathy patients with a history of foot ulcers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Almeida Bacarin

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the influence of a previous history of foot ulcers on plantar pressure variables during gait of patients with diabetic neuropathy. INTRODUCTION: Foot ulcers may be an indicator of worsening diabetic neuropathy. However, the behavior of plantar pressure patterns over time and during the progression of neuropathy, especially in patients who have a clinical history of foot ulcers, is still unclear. METHODS: Subjects were divided into the following groups: control group, 20 subjects; diabetic neuropathy patients without foot ulcers, 17 subjects; and diabetic neuropathy patients with at least one healed foot ulcer within the last year, 10 subjects. Plantar pressure distribution was recorded during barefoot gait using the Pedar-X system. RESULTS: Neuropathic subjects from both the diabetic neuropathy and DNU groups showed higher plantar pressure than control subjects. At midfoot, the peak pressure was significantly different among all groups: control group (139.4±76.4 kPa, diabetic neuropathy (205.3±118.6 kPa and DNU (290.7±151.5 kPa (p=0.008. The pressure-time integral was significantly higher in the ulcerated neuropathic groups at midfoot (CG: 37.3±11.4 kPa.s; DN: 43.3±9.1 kPa.s; DNU: 68.7±36.5 kPa.s; p=0.002 and rearfoot (CG: 83.3±21.2 kPa.s; DN: 94.9±29.4 kPa.s; DNU: 102.5±37.9 kPa.s; p=0.048. CONCLUSION: A history of foot ulcers in the clinical history of diabetic neuropathy subjects influenced plantar pressure distribution, resulting in an increased load under the midfoot and rearfoot and an increase in the variability of plantar pressure during barefoot gait. The progression of diabetic neuropathy was not found to influence plantar pressure distribution.

  1. Natural history and survival of 14 patients with corticobasal degeneration confirmed at postmortem examination

    OpenAIRE

    Wenning, G; Litvan, I.; Jankovic, J; Granata, R.; Mangone, C; Mckee, A.; Poewe, W.; JELLINGER, K; Chaudhuri, K (Kamalika); D'Olhaberriague, L; Pearce, R.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To analyse the natural history and survival of corticobasal degeneration by investigating the clinical features of 14 cases confirmed by postmortem examination.?METHODS—Patients with definite corticobasal degeneration were selected from the research and clinical files of seven tertiary medical centres in Austria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Clinical features were analysed in detail.?RESULTS—The sample consisted of eight female and six male ...

  2. A rare benign intrathoracic mass in a patient with history of rocket explosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klair, Jagpal Singh; Duvoor, Chitharanjan; Meena, Nikhil

    2015-01-01

    Thoracic splenosis is rare benign condition that follows trauma leading to diaphragmatic injury. Most of the patients including ours present with a clear traumatic event leading to autotransplantation of spleen in thoracic cavity. Mostly diagnosed incidentally and we need to avoid unnecessary workup including radiological and invasive. It is a very important case which signifies importance of good history taking and initial imaging for making diagnosis and making our pulmonogist and internist aware of this diagnosis. PMID:26029565

  3. Natural history and syndromic associations of orthostatic tremor: a review of 41 patients.

    OpenAIRE

    Gerschlager, W; Münchau, A; Katzenschlager, R; P Brown; Rothwell, Jc; Quinn, N.; Lees, Aj; Bhatia, KP.

    2004-01-01

    Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare condition characterized by unsteadiness when standing still that is relieved when sitting or walking and is thought to arise from a central generator in the cerebellum or brainstem. OT is considered to be a distinct, discrete condition, and little is known about its demographic characteristics, natural history, associated features, and treatment response. We have reviewed these aspects in 41 OT patients fulfilling current diagnostic criteria, seen at our inst...

  4. Comparison of patients by family history with gastric and non-gastric cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-Fu Zhou, Yu-Long He, Wu Song, Jian-Jun Peng, Chang-Hua Zhang, Wen Li, Hui Wu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the gastric cancer (GC patients by their family history with gastric and non-GC.METHODS: Positive family histories within second-degree relatives and clinicopathological features were obtained for 256 patients.RESULTS: Of the 256 probands, 112 (76 male, 36 female were incorporated into familial GC (FGC group: at least two GC members; 144 (98 male, 46 female were included in the non-FGC group (relatives only affected with non-GCs. Of 399 tumors in relatives (181 from FGC against 212 from non-FGC, GC was the most frequent, followed by esophageal, hepatocellular, and colorectal cancer. Nasopharyngeal cancer was next to lung cancer but prior to breast and urogenital cancers. Most affected members aggregated within first-degree relatives (FGC: 66 siblings, 48 fathers, 31 mothers, four offspring; non-FGC: 56 fathers, 55 siblings, 43 mothers, and 15 offspring. The ratio of males to females in affected first-degree relatives was usually higher in male probands. Paternal history of GC was a slight risk for GC in males (OR = 1.19, 95% CI: 0.53-2.69, while risk of GC by maternal history of non-GCs was increased in females (OR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.22-0.97. Diffuse-GC was the major histological type in all subgroups. Difference in tumor sites between the two groups was derived from an excess of upper sites in non-FGC female probands.CONCLUSION: Distribution of associated non-GCs in a family history of GC may vary with geographic areas. GC may have different genetic and/or environmental etiology in different families, and a certain subtype may be inherited in a female-influenced fashion.

  5. Influencia de la temperatura en la ingesta de pacientes hospitalizados Influence of temperature on food intake in hospitalized patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. González Molero

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: La prevalencia de desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados es muy elevada y se ha demostrado que constituye un factor pronóstico importante. La mayoría de los pacientes ingresados dependen de la comida hospitalaria para cubrir sus requerimientos nutricionales siendo importante el análisis de los factores que influyen en la ingesta y que se puedan modificar, para conseguir mejorarla y así evitar las consecuencias derivadas de una nutrición inadecuada. En anteriores trabajos se ha demostrado que una de las características de la comida peor valoradas por los pacientes es la temperatura. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la influencia de la temperatura en la satisfacción y cantidad ingerida en función de que se sirviese o no en carros isotérmicos que mantienen una temperatura adecuada de la comida. Material y métodos: Se realizaron encuestas de satisfacción a pacientes del hospital con y sin carros isotérmicos con dietas basales. Se recogieron los siguientes datos: edad, sexo, peso, número de visitas, movilidad, autonomía, cantidad de medicación por vía oral, ingestión de alimentos traídos de fuera del hospital, calificación de la temperatura, presentación y humedad, cantidad de comida ingerida y motivos por los que no se ingirió todo el contenido del carro isotérmico. Resultados: De las 363 encuestas, 134 de ellas (37,96% se realizaron en pacientes con bandeja térmica y 229 (62,04% en pacientes sin ella. El 60% de los pacientes referían haber comido menos de lo normal en la última semana siendo la causa más frecuente la disminución de apetito. En el almuerzo y cena comieron la mitad o menos del contenido de la bandeja el 69,3% y 67,7% respectivamente, siendo las causas más frecuentes las siguientes: la falta de apetito (42% en almuerzo y 40% en cena, no gustarles la comida (24,3 y 26,2% y el sabor (15,3 y 16,8%. Otras causas menos frecuentes fueron el olor, la cantidad de comida, presentar náuseas o vómitos, cansancio y falta de autonomía. No hubo diferencias significativas en la cantidad de ingesta en función del sexo, peso, número de visitas, cantidad de medicación y grado de actividad. La temperatura de la comida fue clasificada como buena por el 62% de los pacientes, la presentación por el 95% y la humedad por el 85%. Al comparar a los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, no hubo diferencias en las características basales analizadas que pudiesen influir en la cantidad ingerida. Calificaron la temperatura como buena un 90% de los pacientes con carro isotérmico y un 57,2% sistema tradicional, siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,000. Además hubo diferencias en la cantidad de comida ingerida entre los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, de modo que se lo comieron todo un 41% frente al 27,7% respectivamente siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,007. No hubo diferencias en la calificación de humedad y presentación. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes (60% presentan disminución de apetito durante el ingreso. La proporción de ingresados que califican la temperatura como buena es mayor en los pacientes con el sistema de carros isotérmicos. La cantidad ingerida por los pacientes con carros isotérmicos es significativamente mayor que en los pacientes sin ellos.Background and objectives: Prevalence of hyponutrition in hospitalized patients is very high and it has been shown to be an important prognostic factor. Most of admitted patients depend on hospital food to cover their nutritional demands being important to assess the factors influencing their intake, which may be modified in order to improve it and prevent the consequences of inadequate feeding. In previous works, it has been shown that one of the worst scored characteristics of dishes was the temperature. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of temperature on patient's satisfaction and amount eaten depending on whether the food was served in isothermal trolleys keeping proper food temperature or not.

  6. Influencia de la temperatura en la ingesta de pacientes hospitalizados / Influence of temperature on food intake in hospitalized patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    I., González Molero; G., Olveira Fuster; M. I., Liébana; L., Oliva; M., Laínez López; A., Muñoz Aguilar.

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: La prevalencia de desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados es muy elevada y se ha demostrado que constituye un factor pronóstico importante. La mayoría de los pacientes ingresados dependen de la comida hospitalaria para cubrir sus requerimientos nutricionales siendo imp [...] ortante el análisis de los factores que influyen en la ingesta y que se puedan modificar, para conseguir mejorarla y así evitar las consecuencias derivadas de una nutrición inadecuada. En anteriores trabajos se ha demostrado que una de las características de la comida peor valoradas por los pacientes es la temperatura. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la influencia de la temperatura en la satisfacción y cantidad ingerida en función de que se sirviese o no en carros isotérmicos que mantienen una temperatura adecuada de la comida. Material y métodos: Se realizaron encuestas de satisfacción a pacientes del hospital con y sin carros isotérmicos con dietas basales. Se recogieron los siguientes datos: edad, sexo, peso, número de visitas, movilidad, autonomía, cantidad de medicación por vía oral, ingestión de alimentos traídos de fuera del hospital, calificación de la temperatura, presentación y humedad, cantidad de comida ingerida y motivos por los que no se ingirió todo el contenido del carro isotérmico. Resultados: De las 363 encuestas, 134 de ellas (37,96%) se realizaron en pacientes con bandeja térmica y 229 (62,04%) en pacientes sin ella. El 60% de los pacientes referían haber comido menos de lo normal en la última semana siendo la causa más frecuente la disminución de apetito. En el almuerzo y cena comieron la mitad o menos del contenido de la bandeja el 69,3% y 67,7% respectivamente, siendo las causas más frecuentes las siguientes: la falta de apetito (42% en almuerzo y 40% en cena), no gustarles la comida (24,3 y 26,2%) y el sabor (15,3 y 16,8%). Otras causas menos frecuentes fueron el olor, la cantidad de comida, presentar náuseas o vómitos, cansancio y falta de autonomía. No hubo diferencias significativas en la cantidad de ingesta en función del sexo, peso, número de visitas, cantidad de medicación y grado de actividad. La temperatura de la comida fue clasificada como buena por el 62% de los pacientes, la presentación por el 95% y la humedad por el 85%. Al comparar a los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, no hubo diferencias en las características basales analizadas que pudiesen influir en la cantidad ingerida. Calificaron la temperatura como buena un 90% de los pacientes con carro isotérmico y un 57,2% sistema tradicional, siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,000). Además hubo diferencias en la cantidad de comida ingerida entre los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, de modo que se lo comieron todo un 41% frente al 27,7% respectivamente siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,007). No hubo diferencias en la calificación de humedad y presentación. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes (60%) presentan disminución de apetito durante el ingreso. La proporción de ingresados que califican la temperatura como buena es mayor en los pacientes con el sistema de carros isotérmicos. La cantidad ingerida por los pacientes con carros isotérmicos es significativamente mayor que en los pacientes sin ellos. Abstract in english Background and objectives: Prevalence of hyponutrition in hospitalized patients is very high and it has been shown to be an important prognostic factor. Most of admitted patients depend on hospital food to cover their nutritional demands being important to assess the factors influencing their intake [...] , which may be modified in order to improve it and prevent the consequences of inadequate feeding. In previous works, it has been shown that one of the worst scored characteristics of dishes was the temperature. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of temperature on patient's satisfaction and amount eaten depending on whether the food was served in isothermal trolle

  7. Dietary intake of female bariatric patients after anti-obesity gastroplasty Ingestão dietética de pacientes bariátricas femininas após gastroplastia anti-obesidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina G. Dias

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a popular and successful operation for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, it greatly restricts ingestion and moderately interferes with absorption of food, thus potentially paving the way for undernutrition, especially during the first year before patients adapt to the new condition. Aiming to document actual dietary intake during this period, a prospective observational study was performed. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients were investigated using a 24-hour dietary recall technique every 3 months after surgery for 1 year. Females only were accepted for greater homogeneity of the sample. All received a vitamin and mineral supplement on a daily basis as a postoperative routine. A questionnaire was employed regarding general, nutritional, and gastrointestinal changes as well as consumption of medications. Dietary intake was analyzed after data processing using the Virtual Nutri software package (São Paulo, SP, Brazil. RESULTS: The surgical response was within the expected range, with about 67% excess weight loss at the end of the 1st year, and the same occurred with gastrointestinal symptoms and drug requirements. Daily energy intake on the 4 analyzed occasions was 529.4 ± 47.4, 710.9 ± 47.6, 833.2 ± 72.0, and 866.2 ± 95,1 kcal/day (mean ± SEM; protein intake was increased in the same proportion at 6 and 9 months, but reduced at 12 months. Thus, patients did not meet standard recommendations regarding calories and proteins, even at the end of the 1st year; iron and zinc intake were also inadequate, although deficiencies were probably staved off by the prescribed supplement preparation. CONCLUSIONS: 1 The risk for postoperative undernutrition was evidenced up to 1 year, while spontaneous improvement in food intake was slow and inefficient; 2 Specific protocols should be devised to improve nutrition and health during the postoperative phase until successful dietary adaptation is achieved.OBJETIVO: A gastroplastia com anastomose gastrojejunal em Y de Roux é uma operação popular e bem sucedida no tratamento da obesidade grave. Ela restringe seriamente a ingestão e moderadamente a absorção do alimento, potencialmente abrindo caminho para desnutrição especialmente no primeiro ano, antes que o paciente se adapte à nova condição. Com o propósito de documentar a real ingestão neste período, um estudo prospectivo observacional foi executado. MÉTODO: Quarenta pacientes consecutivos foram investigados por recordatório de 24 horas a cada três meses após a operação, até um ano. Apenas mulheres foram arroladas para maior homogeneidade da amostra. Todas receberam diariamente um suplemento vitamínico-mineral, como rotina pós-operatória. Um questionário foi empregado abordando alterações gerais, nutricionais e gastrointestinais assim como consumo de medicamentos. Os ganhos dietéticos foram analisados mediante o programa Virtual Nutri (São Paulo, SP, Brasil. RESULTADOS: A resposta cirúrgica situou-se dentro da faixa esperada, com perda de cerca de 67% do excesso de peso após um ano, e o mesmo ocorreu com sintomas gastrointestinais e necessidades medicamentosas. A quantidade de energia diária nas quatro ocasiões foi de 529,4±47,5, 710,9± 47,7, 833,2± 72,0 e 866,2± 95,1 kcal/dia (média ± erro padrão da média, e o aumento do consumo de proteína foi da mesma proporção nos 6 e 9 meses e com redução em 12 meses. Consequentemente mesmo após um ano as pacientes estavam abaixo das recomendações usuais de calorias e proteínas. A contribuição da dieta no tocante a ferro e zinco também mostrou-se inadequada, embora quadros deficitários tenham provavelmente sido abortados pelo suplemento utilizado. CONCLUSÕES: 1 O risco para desnutrição pos-operatória ficou demonstrado até um ano, e a melhora espontânea da ingestão de alimentos revelou-se lenta e ineficiente; 2 Protocolos específicos deveriam ser elaborados visando melhorar a nutrição e a saúde na fase pós-ope

  8. Dietary intake of female bariatric patients after anti-obesity gastroplasty / Ingestão dietética de pacientes bariátricas femininas após gastroplastia anti-obesidade

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Carolina G., Dias; Angela G., Ribeiro; Veruska M, Scabim; Joel, Faintuch; Bruno, Zilberstein; Joaquim José, Gama-Rodrigues.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A gastroplastia com anastomose gastrojejunal em Y de Roux é uma operação popular e bem sucedida no tratamento da obesidade grave. Ela restringe seriamente a ingestão e moderadamente a absorção do alimento, potencialmente abrindo caminho para desnutrição especialmente no primeiro ano, antes [...] que o paciente se adapte à nova condição. Com o propósito de documentar a real ingestão neste período, um estudo prospectivo observacional foi executado. MÉTODO: Quarenta pacientes consecutivos foram investigados por recordatório de 24 horas a cada três meses após a operação, até um ano. Apenas mulheres foram arroladas para maior homogeneidade da amostra. Todas receberam diariamente um suplemento vitamínico-mineral, como rotina pós-operatória. Um questionário foi empregado abordando alterações gerais, nutricionais e gastrointestinais assim como consumo de medicamentos. Os ganhos dietéticos foram analisados mediante o programa Virtual Nutri (São Paulo, SP, Brasil). RESULTADOS: A resposta cirúrgica situou-se dentro da faixa esperada, com perda de cerca de 67% do excesso de peso após um ano, e o mesmo ocorreu com sintomas gastrointestinais e necessidades medicamentosas. A quantidade de energia diária nas quatro ocasiões foi de 529,4±47,5, 710,9± 47,7, 833,2± 72,0 e 866,2± 95,1 kcal/dia (média ± erro padrão da média), e o aumento do consumo de proteína foi da mesma proporção nos 6 e 9 meses e com redução em 12 meses. Consequentemente mesmo após um ano as pacientes estavam abaixo das recomendações usuais de calorias e proteínas. A contribuição da dieta no tocante a ferro e zinco também mostrou-se inadequada, embora quadros deficitários tenham provavelmente sido abortados pelo suplemento utilizado. CONCLUSÕES: 1) O risco para desnutrição pos-operatória ficou demonstrado até um ano, e a melhora espontânea da ingestão de alimentos revelou-se lenta e ineficiente; 2) Protocolos específicos deveriam ser elaborados visando melhorar a nutrição e a saúde na fase pós-operatória, até que se verifique uma adaptação dietética satisfatória; Abstract in english PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a popular and successful operation for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, it greatly restricts ingestion and moderately interferes with absorption of food, thus potentially paving the way for undernutrition, especially during the first year before patients [...] adapt to the new condition. Aiming to document actual dietary intake during this period, a prospective observational study was performed. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients were investigated using a 24-hour dietary recall technique every 3 months after surgery for 1 year. Females only were accepted for greater homogeneity of the sample. All received a vitamin and mineral supplement on a daily basis as a postoperative routine. A questionnaire was employed regarding general, nutritional, and gastrointestinal changes as well as consumption of medications. Dietary intake was analyzed after data processing using the Virtual Nutri software package (São Paulo, SP, Brazil). RESULTS: The surgical response was within the expected range, with about 67% excess weight loss at the end of the 1st year, and the same occurred with gastrointestinal symptoms and drug requirements. Daily energy intake on the 4 analyzed occasions was 529.4 ± 47.4, 710.9 ± 47.6, 833.2 ± 72.0, and 866.2 ± 95,1 kcal/day (mean ± SEM); protein intake was increased in the same proportion at 6 and 9 months, but reduced at 12 months. Thus, patients did not meet standard recommendations regarding calories and proteins, even at the end of the 1st year; iron and zinc intake were also inadequate, although deficiencies were probably staved off by the prescribed supplement preparation. CONCLUSIONS: 1) The risk for postoperative undernutrition was evidenced up to 1 year, while spontaneous improvement in food intake was slow and inefficient; 2) Specific protocols should be devised to improve nutrition and health during the postoperative

  9. CORRELATIONS BETWEEN AWARENESS OF ILLNESS (INSIGHT AND HISTORY OF ADDICTION IN HEROIN-ADDICTED PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IcroMaremmani

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In a group of 1066 heroin addicts, who were seeking treatment for opioid agonist treatment, we looked for differences in historical, demographic and clinical characteristics, between patients with different levels of awareness of illness (insight. The results showed that, in the cohort studied, a majority of subjects lacked insight into their heroin-use behaviour. Compared with the impaired-insight group, those who possessed insight into their illness showed significantly greater awareness of past social, somatic and psychopathological impairments, and had a greater number of past treatment-seeking events for heroin addiction. In contrast with other psychiatric illnesses, the presence of awareness appears to be related to the passing of time and to the worsening of the illness. Methodologies to improve the insight of patients should, therefore, be targeted more directly on patients early in their history of heroin dependence, because the risk of lack of insight is greatest during this period.

  10. An Ovarian Pregnancy in a Patient with a History of Bilateral Salpingectomies: A Rare Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitkara, Pranav; Cochran, Eric; Cutler, Jed

    2015-01-01

    Background. 1 in 200 ectopic pregnancies are true ovarian pregnancies that fulfill the Spiegelberg criteria. Despite being rare, multiple case reports and series have been reported. Few cases have been published in which the event was preceded by salpingectomy. Case. The patient is a 32-year-old female who presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain. She was found to be pregnant, despite a history of two previous ectopic pregnancies treated with salpingectomies. Sonography confirmed a left adnexal mass and free fluid. Surgery revealed a ruptured ovarian pregnancy which was also confirmed by pathology. Conclusion. This is a case of an ovarian pregnancy in a patient with two previous salpingectomies. It underscores the importance of searching for an ectopic pregnancy in patients with abdominal pain after fertility impairing surgery. PMID:25852956

  11. Assessment of Risk of Violent Behavior in Female Psychiatric Patients with a Criminal History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makurina A.P.,

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of study of illegal actions predictors in individuals with mental disorders and discuss the specific features of female criminality. On a sample of 69 patients with a diagnosis of organic mental disorder and schizophrenia, with criminal histories, we applied clinical and psychological hermeneutic analysis, used questionnaires to determine the self-assessments of patients, self-control diagnosis, self-regulation style features, diagnosis of aggression and hostility, coping strategies, destructive attitudes in interpersonal relationships. It made possible to identify clinical, social and pathopsychological factors of aggressive behavior in forensic patients. These individual psychological characteristics of mentally ill women will improve the prognosis of their aggressive behavior, implement differentiated preventive measures in the hospital and to establish appropriate intervention programs

  12. Psychiatric comorbidity of patients on methadone maintenance treatment with a history of sexual abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peles, Einat; Potik, David; Schreiber, Shaul; Bloch, Miki; Adelson, Miriam

    2012-12-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of a history of sexual abuse and its relation to psychiatric comorbidity among former opiate addicts currently on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). We evaluated the history of sexual abuse and current clinical obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dissociative identity disorder (DID), and complex posttraumatic distress disorder (cPTSD), and administered the Life Events Inventory Questionnaire among 125 MMT patients (76 females and 49 males). Eighty (64%) patients had experienced sexual abuse, 69 (55.2%) met the criteria for clinical OCD, 20 (16.0%) for cPTSD and 13 (10.4%) for DID. More females had clinical OCD than males (63.2% vs. 42.9%, respectively, p=0.03). Sexually abused patients had higher rates of clinical OCD than their non-abused counterparts (67.5% vs. 33.3%, respectively, pDissociative Experiences Scale score (17.6±10.1 vs. 14.6±8.1, p=0.08) and rate of DID (13.8% vs. 4.4%, p=0.1), but no significant difference in the rate of cPTSD (17.5% vs. 13.3%, p=0.6) compared to non-abused subjects. The 80 sexually abused patients were mostly female (85%), and 57.5% of them were abused by a family member. In summary, more sexually abused MMT patients were diagnosed with clinical OCD and fewer with cPTSD and DID. Those with cPTSD were characterized by more negative life events, higher dissociation scores, and assaults by a family member. We conclude that sexually abused MMT patients should be screened for clinical OCD. PMID:22564825

  13. Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial en población mayor de 65 años ingresada en un Servicio de Medicina Interna / Incidence of hypertension in elderly patients intaked on Internal Medicine Department

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Cinza Sanjurjo; A., Cabarcos Ortiz de Barrón; E., Nieto Pol; J. A., Torre Carballada.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Conocer la prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y de hipertensión sistólica aislada en los pacientes mayores de 65 años ingresados en un Servicio de Medicina Interna. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo trasversal, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 65 años que ingresaro [...] n durante el año 2002 en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela. Las variables recogidas fueron: sexo, edad, tiempo de ingreso, factores de riesgo cardiovascular, cifras de presión arterial (PA), cifras de glucemia, cifras de colesterolemia, patología cardiovascular coexistente, exitus intrahospitalario y tratamientos al alta. Se emplearon índices estadísticos descriptivos de variables cualitativas y cuantitativas, Chi-cuadrado, Mann-Withney-Wilcoxon y Regresión logística. Resultados: Se obtuvo una población de 770 pacientes. La prevalencia de hipertensión arterial (HTA) fue de 37,0% y la de hipertensión sistólica aislada (HSA) de 25,9%. La prevalencia de HSA es mayor en los pacientes con mal control de PA (67,5 vs. 8,9%), p Abstract in english Objetives: To know the arterial hypertension prevalence and isolated systolic hypertension in elderly patients intaked on internal medicine department. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study of elderly hypertensive patients intaked between 1 to January 2002 to 31 December 2002 in a Internal M [...] edicine Service of the Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela. The recorded variables were: sex, age, number of days in hospital, hospital exitus, cardiovascular risk factors, number of blood pressure, glucose, cholesterolemia, cardiovascular disease and treatments. It was used descriptive statistic rates of quantitative and qualitative variables, Mann-Withney-Wilcoxon and logistic regresion. Results: The study included 770 patients. The arterial hypertension (HTA) prevalence was 37% and the isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) prevalence were 25.9%. The ISH prevalence was greater in the patients with bad control of blood pressures (67.5 vs. 8.9%), p

  14. Short communication: Use of single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes and health history to predict future phenotypes for milk production, dry matter intake, body weight, and residual feed intake in dairy cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, C; Armentano, L E; VandeHaar, M J; Weigel, K A

    2015-03-01

    As feed prices have increased, the efficiency of feed utilization in dairy cattle has attracted increasing attention. In this study, we used residual feed intake (RFI) as a measurement of feed efficiency along with its component traits, adjusted milk energy (aMilkE), adjusted dry matter intake (aDMI), and adjusted metabolic body weight (aMBW), where the adjustment was for environmental factors. These traits may also be affected by prior health problems. Therefore, the carryover effects of 3 health traits from the rearing period and 10 health traits from the lactating period (in the same lactation before phenotype measurements) on RFI, aMilkE, aDMI, and aMBW were evaluated. Cows with heavier birth weight and greater body weight at calving of this lactation had significant increases in aMilkE, aDMI, and aMBW. The only trait associated with RFI was the incidence of diarrhea early in the lactation. Mastitis and reproductive problems had negative carryover effects on aMilkE. The aMBW of cows with metabolic disorders early in the lactation was lower than that of unaffected cows. The incidence of respiratory disease during lactating period was associated with greater aMBW and higher aDMI. To examine the contribution of health traits to the accuracy of predicted phenotype, genomic predictions were computed with or without information regarding 13 health trait phenotypes using random forests (RF) and support vector machine algorithms. Adding health trait phenotypes increased prediction accuracies slightly, except for prediction of RFI using RF. In general, the accuracies were greater for support vector machine than RF, especially for RFI. The methods described herein can be used to predict future phenotypes for dairy replacement heifers, thereby facilitating culling decisions that can lead to decreased feed costs during the rearing period. For these decisions, prediction of the animal's own phenotype is of greater importance than prediction of the genetic superiority or inferiority that will transmit to its offspring. PMID:25529426

  15. A Family History of Lethal Prostate Cancer and Risk of Aggressive Prostate Cancer in Patients Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Raheem, Omer A; Seth A. Cohen; Parsons, J. Kellogg; Palazzi, Kerrin L.; Kane, Christopher J

    2015-01-01

    We investigated whether a family history of lethal prostate cancer (PCa) was associated with high-risk disease or biochemical recurrence in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. A cohort of radical prostatectomy patients was stratified into men with no family history of PCa (NFH); a first-degree relative with PCa (FH); and those with a first-degree relative who had died of PCa (FHD). Demographic, operative and pathologic outcomes were analyzed. Freedom from biochemical recurrence was exa...

  16. Are there differences in zonal distribution and tumor volume of prostate cancer in patients with a positive family history?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Wade J., Sexton; Philippe E., Spiess; Louis L., Pisters; Scott, Carpenter; Lydia T., Madsen; Robin, Zagone; Xuemei, Wang; Patricia, Troncoso.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To determine if there are any differences in the zonal distribution and tumor volumes of familial and sporadic prostate cancers (PC) in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 839 patients underwent a radical prostatectomy in the absence of prior neoadjuvant therapy betw [...] een 1987 and 1996. Telephone interviews were conducted to obtain an updated family history. A positive family history was defined as the diagnosis of PC in at least one first degree relative. Prostatectomy specimens were examined to determine the number of tumor foci, zonal origin of the dominant tumor focus, tumor volume of the largest cancer focus, total tumor volume, Gleason score and stage, and the surgical margin status. Results were stratified according to family history and ethnicity. RESULTS: We successfully contacted 437 patients (52%). Prostatectomy specimens from 55 patients were excluded from review due to a history of prior transurethral resection of the prostate (n = 26) or uncertain pathological stage (n = 29). Of the remaining 382 patients, 76 (20%) reported having a first-degree relative with PC. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences in the pathologic variables between the two groups of patients with or without a family history of PC. CONCLUSIONS: Familial and sporadic PC share similar characteristics. No histopathological differences account for the increased positive predictive value of PC screening tests among patients with a family history of PC.

  17. Olive oil intake is inversely related to cancer prevalence: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 13800 patients and 23340 controls in 19 observational studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimopoulos Meletios

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Dietary fat, both in terms of quantity and quality, has been implicated to cancer development, either positively or negatively. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether olive oil or monounsaturated fat intake was associated with the development of cancer. A systematic search of relevant studies, published in English, between 1990 and March 1, 2011, was performed through a computer-assisted literature tool (i.e., Pubmed. In total 38 studies were initially allocated; of them 19 case-control studies were finally studied (13800 cancer patients and 23340 controls were included. Random effects meta-analysis was applied in order to evaluate the research hypothesis. It was found that compared with the lowest, the highest category of olive oil consumption was associated with lower odds of having any type of cancer (log odds ratio = -0.41, 95%CI -0.53, -0.29, Cohran's Q = 47.52, p = 0.0002, I-sq = 62%; the latter was irrespective of the country of origin (Mediterranean or non-Mediterranean. Moreover, olive oil consumption was associated with lower odds of developing breast cancer (logOR = -0,45 95%CI -0.78 to -0.12, and a cancer of the digestive system (logOR = -0,36 95%CI -0.50 to -0.21, compared with the lowest intake. The strength and consistency of the findings states a hypothesis about the protective role of olive oil intake on cancer risk. However, it is still unclear whether olive oil's monounsaturated fatty acid content or its antioxidant components are responsible for its beneficial effects.

  18. The Natural History and Predictors for Intervention in Patients with Small Renal Mass Undergoing Active Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahouth, Zaher; Halachmi, Sarel; Meyer, Gil; Avitan, Ofir; Moskovitz, Boaz; Nativ, Ofer

    2015-01-01

    Aim. To describe the natural history of small renal mass on active surveillance and identify parameters that could help in predicting the need for intervention in patients with small renal masses undergoing active surveillance. We also discuss the need for renal biopsy in the management of these patients. Methods. A retrospective analysis of 78 renal masses ?4?cm diagnosed at our Urology Department at Bnai Zion Medical Center between September 2003 and March 2012. Results. Seventy patients with 78 small renal masses were analyzed. The mean age at diagnosis was 68 years (47–89). The mean follow-up period was 34 months (12–112). In 54 of 78 masses there was a growth of at least 2?mm between imaging on last available follow-up and diagnosis. Eight of the 54 (15%) masses which grew in size underwent a nephron-sparing surgery, of which two were oncocytomas and six were renal cell carcinoma. Growth rate and mass diameter on diagnosis were significantly greater in the group of patients who underwent a surgery. Conclusions. Small renal masses might eventually be managed by active surveillance without compromising survival or surgical approach. All masses that were eventually excised underwent a nephron-sparing surgery. None of the patients developed metastases.

  19. How can I maintain my patient with diabetes and history of foot ulcer in remission?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, John D; Salloum, Michelle; Button, Alex; Giovinco, Nicholas A; Armstrong, David G

    2014-12-01

    Patients with diabetes and previous history of ulceration occupy the highest category of risk for reulceration and amputation. Annual recurrence rates of diabetic ulcerations have been reported as high as 34%, 61%, and 70% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively, with studies reporting 20% to 58% recurrence rate within 1 year. As the ever growing epidemic of diabetes expands globally, this sequelae of diabetic complication will continue to require increasing resources from the healthcare community to effectively manage. Recent data suggest that removal of preventative podiatric care from statewide reimbursement systems lead to significant and sustained increases in hospital admission (37%), charges (38%), length of stay (23%), and severe aggregate outcomes including amputation, sepsis and death (49%). The addition of comorbidities such as peripheral artery disease, poor nutrition, and non-adherence to preventive therapies not only increase a patient's likelihood for ulcer recurrence, but also cost of care and certainty of hospital admission. Currently, numerous efforts, guidelines, and industry generated products exist to prolong remission from ulceration; however, the clinical science for treating this patient population calls for much more effort. Despite this, data continue to suggest to demonstrate that appropriate follow-up care, shoe and insole modification, and patient education play a central role in reducing reulceration and amputation. Novel modalities for offloading and wearable sensor technologies offer the advantage of round-the-clock, patient specific and active response healthcare. These have the potential to detect, or even prevent, many wounds before they begin. PMID:25143315

  20. The natural history and predictors for intervention in patients with small renal mass undergoing active surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahouth, Zaher; Halachmi, Sarel; Meyer, Gil; Avitan, Ofir; Moskovitz, Boaz; Nativ, Ofer

    2015-01-01

    Aim. To describe the natural history of small renal mass on active surveillance and identify parameters that could help in predicting the need for intervention in patients with small renal masses undergoing active surveillance. We also discuss the need for renal biopsy in the management of these patients. Methods. A retrospective analysis of 78 renal masses ?4?cm diagnosed at our Urology Department at Bnai Zion Medical Center between September 2003 and March 2012. Results. Seventy patients with 78 small renal masses were analyzed. The mean age at diagnosis was 68 years (47-89). The mean follow-up period was 34 months (12-112). In 54 of 78 masses there was a growth of at least 2?mm between imaging on last available follow-up and diagnosis. Eight of the 54 (15%) masses which grew in size underwent a nephron-sparing surgery, of which two were oncocytomas and six were renal cell carcinoma. Growth rate and mass diameter on diagnosis were significantly greater in the group of patients who underwent a surgery. Conclusions. Small renal masses might eventually be managed by active surveillance without compromising survival or surgical approach. All masses that were eventually excised underwent a nephron-sparing surgery. None of the patients developed metastases. PMID:25960742

  1. Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients / Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Patrícia Constante, Jaime; Alex Antonio, Florindo; Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira, Latorre; Aluísio Augusto Cotrim, Segurado.

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre consumo alimentar e presença de obesidade abdominal em indivíduos infectados pelo HIV/Aids, em uso de terapia antiretroviral de alta potência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 223 indivíduos adultos, realizado no município de São Paulo, em 2002. [...] A população de estudo foi classificada de acordo com a obesidade abdominal, definida pela razão das circunferências da cintura e quadril >0,95 para os homens e >0,85 para mulheres. As variáveis dietéticas estudadas foram consumo de energia (calorias e calorias/quilo de peso corporal), macronutrientes (em gramas e % da energia ingerida), fibra total (gramas) e consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes (gramas). Potenciais fatores de confusão examinados foram sexo, raça, idade, escolaridade, renda, índice de massa corporal, nível de atividade física, tabagismo, contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e tempo de uso de inibidor de protease. Estimou-se modelo de regressão logística para avaliar a relação entre obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 45,7% e esteve associada ao maior consumo de lipídeos: para cada aumento de 10 g de lipídio na dieta a chance aumentou 1,28 vezes. O consumo de carboidratos mostrou-se negativamente associado (OR=0,93) com a presença de obesidade abdominal após ajuste pelas variáveis de controle. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem que a quantidade de carboidratos e lipídeos na dieta, independente do consumo energético, pode modificar a chance de desenvolver obesidade abdominal na população estudada. Intervenções nutricionais podem ser benéficas na prevenção de obesidade abdominal entre pacientes vivendo com HIV/Aids. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study popula [...] tion was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/kilo of body weight), macronutrients (in grams and % of energy intake), total fiber (grams) and fruit and vegetables intake (grams). The potential confounders examined were sex, skin color, age, schooling, income, body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits, peripheral CD4+ T lymphocyte count and length of protease inhibitor use. The multiple logistic regression model was performed in order to evaluate the association between central obesity and dietary intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of central obesity was 45.7% and it was associated with greater consumption of lipids: for every increase of 10g of lipid intake the odds of central obesity increased 1.28 times. Carbohydrate consumption showed negative association (OR=0.93) with central obesity after adjustment for control variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the amount of carbohydrates and lipids in the diet, regardless of total energy intake, may modify the chance of developing central obesity in the studied population. Nutritional interventions may be beneficial for preventing central obesity among HIV/AIDS patients.

  2. Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Constante Jaime

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study population was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/kilo of body weight, macronutrients (in grams and % of energy intake, total fiber (grams and fruit and vegetables intake (grams. The potential confounders examined were sex, skin color, age, schooling, income, body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits, peripheral CD4+ T lymphocyte count and length of protease inhibitor use. The multiple logistic regression model was performed in order to evaluate the association between central obesity and dietary intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of central obesity was 45.7% and it was associated with greater consumption of lipids: for every increase of 10g of lipid intake the odds of central obesity increased 1.28 times. Carbohydrate consumption showed negative association (OR=0.93 with central obesity after adjustment for control variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the amount of carbohydrates and lipids in the diet, regardless of total energy intake, may modify the chance of developing central obesity in the studied population. Nutritional interventions may be beneficial for preventing central obesity among HIV/AIDS patients.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre consumo alimentar e presença de obesidade abdominal em indivíduos infectados pelo HIV/Aids, em uso de terapia antiretroviral de alta potência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 223 indivíduos adultos, realizado no município de São Paulo, em 2002. A população de estudo foi classificada de acordo com a obesidade abdominal, definida pela razão das circunferências da cintura e quadril >0,95 para os homens e >0,85 para mulheres. As variáveis dietéticas estudadas foram consumo de energia (calorias e calorias/quilo de peso corporal, macronutrientes (em gramas e % da energia ingerida, fibra total (gramas e consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes (gramas. Potenciais fatores de confusão examinados foram sexo, raça, idade, escolaridade, renda, índice de massa corporal, nível de atividade física, tabagismo, contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e tempo de uso de inibidor de protease. Estimou-se modelo de regressão logística para avaliar a relação entre obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 45,7% e esteve associada ao maior consumo de lipídeos: para cada aumento de 10 g de lipídio na dieta a chance aumentou 1,28 vezes. O consumo de carboidratos mostrou-se negativamente associado (OR=0,93 com a presença de obesidade abdominal após ajuste pelas variáveis de controle. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem que a quantidade de carboidratos e lipídeos na dieta, independente do consumo energético, pode modificar a chance de desenvolver obesidade abdominal na população estudada. Intervenções nutricionais podem ser benéficas na prevenção de obesidade abdominal entre pacientes vivendo com HIV/Aids.

  3. Celiac disease diagnosed after uncomplicated pregnancy in a patient with history of bulimia nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milisavljevi? Nemanja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The association between celiac disease and eating disorders has been very rarely reported. This is the first report on celiac disease associated with bulimia in this part of Europe. Case report. An adult female patient with history of bulimia and one uncomplicated pregnancy was admitted to the Gastroenterology Department, due to long lasting dyspeptic symptoms, constipation, major weight loss and fatigue. After positive serological screening, the diagnosis of celiac disease was confirmed with histopathology examination of duodenal biopsy specimen. Conclusion. Complicated interactions between celiac disease and bulimia can make them difficult to diagnose and treat. It is important to consider the presence of celiac disease in patients with bulimia and gastrointestinal symptoms.

  4. Pharmacist elicited medication histories in the Emergency Department: Identifying patient groups at risk of medication misadventure

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maja, Ajdukovic; Meredith, Crook; Christopher, Angley; Ieva, Stupans; Natalie, Soulsby; Christopher, Doecke; Barbara, Anderson; Manya, Angley.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Las guías del Comité Consultivo Farmacéutico Australiano establecen que se lleve una historia de medicación detallada desde el primer punto de entrada en un servicio de urgencias (SU). Los ancianos, en particular los que residen en Residencias de Ancianos y los que no son hablantes nativos ingleses, [...] se han identificado como grupos de pacientes vulnerables a las desgracias medicamentosas. Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia de discrepancias en las historias de medicación en estos grupos demográficos cuando el farmacéutico obtuvo el historial farmacoterapéutico comparado con los recopilados por los médicos del Servicio de Urgencias. También trató de investigar la incidencia de visitas al SU relacionadas con medicamentos. Métodos. Este estudio se condujo en un periodo de seis semanas e incluyó 100 pacientes de edad superior a 70 años, que tomaban regularmente 5 o más medicamentos, tenían 3 o mas comorbilidades clínicas y/o habían sido dados de alta del hospital en los 3 meses anteriores al estudio. Resultados: 24 participantes fueron calificados con ‘barreras lingüísticas'; 12 participantes estaban en residencias de ancianos, y 64 participantes fueron calificados de ‘generales'. El número de medicaciones correctamente registradas fue menor en los de ‘barreras lingüísticas' (13,8%) comparado con el 18% y el 19,6% de las medicaciones para los ‘generales' y los pacientes de residencias de ancianos, respectivamente. En 7 de los pacientes (29,2%) con ‘barreras lingüísticas', 1 de residencias de ancianos (8,3%) y 13 (20,3%) de los ‘generales' se sospechó que tenían una visita al SU relacionada con los medicamentos. Conclusiones: Este estudio ensalza la contribución positiva que un farmacéutico de urgencias puede realizar para elevar la gestión de la medicación en el continuum de cuidados. Este estudio también confirma la vulnerabilidad e los pacientes con barreras lingüísticas ante las desgracias medicamentosas y su necesidad de servicios de interpretes en todas las etapas de su hospitalización, en particular en el punto de entrada al SU. Abstract in english The Australian Pharmaceutical Advisory Committee guidelines call for a detailed medication history to be taken at the first point of admission to an Emergency Department (ED). The elderly, in particular those residing in Residential Aged Care Facilities and those with a non-English speaking backgrou [...] nd, have been identified as patient groups vulnerable to medication misadventure. Objective: to analyse the incidence of discrepancies in medication histories in these demographic groups when pharmacist elicited medication histories were compared with those taken by ED physicians. It also aimed to investigate the incidence of medication related ED presentations. Methods: The study was conducted over a six week period and included 100 patients over the age of 70, who take five or more regular medications, have three or more clinical co-morbidities and/or have been discharged from hospital in three months prior to the study. Results: Twenty four participants were classified as ‘language barrier'; 12 participants were from residential aged care facilities, and 64 participants were classified as ‘general'. The number of correctly recorded medications was lowest in the ‘language barrier' group (13.8%) compared with 18% and 19.6% of medications for ‘general' patients and patients from residential aged care facilities respectively. Seven of the patients (29.2%) with ‘language barrier'; 1 from a residential aged care facility (8.3%) and 13 of the (20.3%) patients from the ‘general' category were suspected as having a medication related ED presentation. Conclusion: This study further highlights the positive contribution an ED pharmacist can make to enhancing medication management along the continuum of care. This study also confirms the vulnerability of patients with language barrier to medication misadventure and their need for interpreter services at all stages of their hospitalisation, in particular

  5. Randomized comparison of the effects of the vitamin D3 adequate intake versus 100 mcg (4000 IU per day on biochemical responses and the wellbeing of patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Amanda

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background For adults, vitamin D intake of 100 mcg (4000 IU/day is physiologic and safe. The adequate intake (AI for older adults is 15 mcg (600 IU/day, but there has been no report focusing on use of this dose. Methods We compared effects of these doses on biochemical responses and sense of wellbeing in a blinded, randomized trial. In Study 1, 64 outpatients (recruited if summer 2001 25(OHD Results In Study 1, basal summer 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD] averaged 48 ± 9 (SD nmol/L. Supplementation for more than 6 months produced mean 25(OHD levels of 79 ± 30 nmol/L for the 15 mcg/day group, and 112 ± 41 nmol/L for the 100 mcg/day group. Both doses lowered plasma parathyroid hormone with no effect on plasma calcium. Between December and February, wellbeing score improved more for the 100-mcg/day group than for the lower-dosed group (1-tail Mann-Whitney p = 0.036. In Study 2, 25(OHD averaged 39 ± 9 nmol/L, and winter wellbeing scores improved with both doses of vitamin D (two-tail p Conclusion The highest AI for vitamin D brought summertime 25(OHD to >40 nmol/L, lowered PTH, and its use was associated with improved wellbeing. The 100 mcg/day dose produced greater responses. Since it was ethically necessary to provide a meaningful dose of vitamin D to these insufficient patients, we cannot rule out a placebo wellbeing response, particularly for those on the lower dose. This work confirms the safety and efficacy of both 15 and 100 mcg/day vitamin D3 in patients who needed additional vitamin D.

  6. Enhancing patient-based learning: introducing STRAC and the reflective history template.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crouch, M; Richardson, G; Reid, S

    2005-01-01

    The University of New South Wales School of Rural Health, Australia, like many other rural clinical schools, relies heavily on patient-based learning which is largely serendipitous. The learning is not driven by courses of lectures but by the patients who become available in a variety of settings. Students, who, in their first 3 years have been exposed to a very structured didactic learning experience, start their rural experience in Year IV with a curriculum mainly concerned with general medicine and surgery. They have to learn to adapt to a largely self-directed model. While their rural clinical experience is very much broader than that of their city-based peers, an excellent feature, it engenders feelings of insecurity and a perceived need for students and faculty to have a method of tracking patient encounters so they can ensure the syllabus is covered. Early attempts with a paper-based system and later a Reflective Learning Diary proved unsuccessful. This article presents Syllabus Tracking (STRAC) together with a Reflective Case History Template which encourages reflective learning from patients encountered. STRAC is a web-based solution that includes a reporting function, and is easily modified to suit the needs of the curriculum. It is believed it may also prove useful for future applications. Most rural clinical schools in Australia are young, as are these tools. They are not formally evaluated but are offered to other schools as a suggestion. PMID:15892596

  7. Structural and functional cerebral impairments in cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Diffuse brain atrophy has been observed in cirrhotic patients and recent reports have revealed the persistence of cognitive impairment after clinical resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy. We sought to explore the continued influence of overt hepatic encephalopathy on neurological function by measuring brain resting-state inherent connectivity, based on an investigation of structural abnormalities. Methods: Neuropsychological tests and structural and functional magnetic resonance scanning were conducted in 20 healthy controls and 21 cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy. The analysis of voxel-based morphometry and functional connectivity were performed to detect the alterations in brain structure and function, respectively. Results: Patients showed significantly worse performance in neuropsychological tests as compared with controls, despite apparently normal mental status. Analysis of voxel-based morphometry revealed a decrease in gray matter volume primarily in the midline regions, bilateral insular cortex and caudates, left parahippocampal gyrus, and right cerebellum posterior lobe, while the volume of the bilateral thalamus showed an increase. Of these regions, the posterior cingulate cortex with peak atrophy was selected as the origin for the analysis of functional connectivity. Typical patterns of a default mode network were identified in both groups. Decreased functional connectivity was found in the medial prefrontal gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, and left middle temporal gyrus in the patients. Conclusions: Both functional and structural impairments were evident after apparent recovery from overt hepatic encephalopathy, demonstrating that brain dysfunction induced by hepatic encephalopathy persisted after clinical resolution and provided a basis for further evolution of the disease

  8. Structural and functional cerebral impairments in cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Hua-Jun [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Zhu, Xi-Qi [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Department of Radiology, The Second Hospital of Nanjing, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210002 (China); Shu, Hao [Department of Neurology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Yang, Ming; Zhang, Yi; Ding, Jie; Wang, Yu [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Teng, Gao-Jun, E-mail: gjteng@vip.sina.com [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China)

    2012-10-15

    Objective: Diffuse brain atrophy has been observed in cirrhotic patients and recent reports have revealed the persistence of cognitive impairment after clinical resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy. We sought to explore the continued influence of overt hepatic encephalopathy on neurological function by measuring brain resting-state inherent connectivity, based on an investigation of structural abnormalities. Methods: Neuropsychological tests and structural and functional magnetic resonance scanning were conducted in 20 healthy controls and 21 cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy. The analysis of voxel-based morphometry and functional connectivity were performed to detect the alterations in brain structure and function, respectively. Results: Patients showed significantly worse performance in neuropsychological tests as compared with controls, despite apparently normal mental status. Analysis of voxel-based morphometry revealed a decrease in gray matter volume primarily in the midline regions, bilateral insular cortex and caudates, left parahippocampal gyrus, and right cerebellum posterior lobe, while the volume of the bilateral thalamus showed an increase. Of these regions, the posterior cingulate cortex with peak atrophy was selected as the origin for the analysis of functional connectivity. Typical patterns of a default mode network were identified in both groups. Decreased functional connectivity was found in the medial prefrontal gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, and left middle temporal gyrus in the patients. Conclusions: Both functional and structural impairments were evident after apparent recovery from overt hepatic encephalopathy, demonstrating that brain dysfunction induced by hepatic encephalopathy persisted after clinical resolution and provided a basis for further evolution of the disease.

  9. Presence of human herpes virus 6 DNA exclusively in temporal lobe epilepsy brain tissue of patients with history of encephalitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niehusmann, Pitt; Mittelstaedt, Tobias; Bien, Christian G; Drexler, Jan F; Grote, Alexander; Schoch, Susanne; Becker, Albert J

    2010-12-01

    Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is frequently associated with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Many etiologic aspects of TLE are still unresolved. Here, we aimed to analyze the presence of human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) DNA in distinct TLE pathologies. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in surgical tissue from 38 pharmaco-resistant TLE patients and 10 autopsy controls revealed HHV-6 DNA in 55.6% of the TLE patients with a history of encephalitis, involving MTS and gliotic hippocampi without substantial neurodegeneration, but not in lesion-associated TLE or nonlesional MTS with or without a history of complex febrile seizures (CFS). HHV-6 protein was present in only one patient's tissue. Our data argue against HHV-6 as a major local pathogenetic factor in MTS hippocampi after CFS. The high detection rate of HHV-6 DNA suggests a potential pathogenetic role of HHV-6 in TLE patients with a history of encephalitis. PMID:21204811

  10. Perception and knowledge about dietary intake in patients with liver cirrhosis and its relationship with the level of education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine patients perception and knowledge regarding diet in cirrhosis and its relationship with the level of patients education. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinics at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, the Aga Khan Health Services, Malir, Karachi and Hamdard University, Karachi, from January to December 2010. Methodology: Consecutive adult patients with compensated cirrhosis were enrolled. Demographic data, level of education, type and reason of food restriction as well as the source of dietary information was asked. Baseline laboratory test were performed, and nutritional status was assessed by BMI normogram. Results: Ninety patients, 58% male were enrolled. Mean age of the patient was 49 +- 11 years. Overall 73% of the patients were restricting fat, meat, fish and eggs in their diet; 53% were in uneducated group and 47% were in educated group (CI, 0.24-1.62, p-0.34). Twenty two patients (62.8%) in uneducated and 21 in educated group (68%) were restricting diet on the advice of their doctors, whereas 13 in uneducated group (37%) and 11 in educated group (32%) believed these dietary components to be harmful for the liver. Thirty two of uneducated patient (71.1%) and 28 of educated patients (62.2%) believed that vegetables, fruits and sugarcane had a beneficial effect on the liver. Main source of dietary information to the patients was thdietary information to the patients was the doctor. On sub-group analysis those who restricted diet irrespective of their educational level, had more patients with BMI less than 18.5 kg/m/sup 2/, (CI 0.01-0.94, p-0.001), haemoglobin less than 12 g/dl (CI 0- 0.03, p-0.001) and serum albumin less than 3 g/dl (CI 0.1- 03, p-0.001). Conclusion: Both educated and uneducated classes of the patients have improper knowledge and perception of diet in cirrhosis. Patients with cirrhosis who restricted diet, had relatively low BMI, haemoglobin and albumin as compared to those who did not restrict. Main source of dietary information to cirrhotic patients were health care personnels. (author)

  11. Terapia nutricional enteral em politraumatizados sob ventilação mecânica e oferta energética / Enteral nutritional therapy in mechanically-ventilated multiple-trauma patients and energy intake

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cecília Flávia Lopes, Couto; José da Silva, Moreira; Jorge Amilton, Hoher.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adequação energética dos pacientes politraumatizados em suporte ventilatório internados na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital público de Porto Alegre (RS), por meio da comparação entre as calorias prescritas e as efetivamente administradas, as [...] sim como entre as calorias estimadas pela equação de Harris-Benedict e a prescrição energética de cada paciente. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo de pacientes politraumatizados, simultaneamente sob ventilação mecânica e terapia nutricional enteral. Verificou-se o tempo de permanência sob ventilação mecânica e a oferta energética durante o período de terapia nutricional enteral. A associação entre as variáveis quantitativas foi avaliada através do teste de correlação de Spearman devido à assimetria das variáveis. RESULTADOS: Foram acompanhados 60 pacientes, na faixa etária de 18 a 78 anos, sendo 81,7% do sexo masculino. Os tempos medianos de internação hospitalar, permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e ventilação mecânica foram de 29, 14 e 6 dias, respectivamente. A média do percentual de dieta administrada foi de 68,6% (DP=18,3%). Da amostra total, 16 (26,7%) pacientes receberam no mínimo 80% de suas necessidades diárias. Não houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o valor energético total administrado e os tempos de ventilação mecânica (r s=0,130; p=0,321), de unidade de terapia intensiva (r s=-0,117; p=0,372) e de internação hospitalar (r s=-0,152; p=0,246). CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes incluídos neste estudo não receberam com precisão o aporte energético prescrito, ficando expostos aos riscos da desnutrição e seus desfechos clínicos desfavoráveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to asssess the adequacy of energy intake of multiple trauma patients in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil, who require ventilatory support, by comparing prescribed energy intake with effectively admini [...] stered energy, and energy requirement estimated by the Harris-Benedict equation with the energy prescription of each patient. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with multiple trauma simultaneously on mechanical ventilation and enteral nutrition. Duration of mechanical ventilation and energy intake during enteral nutrition were verified. The association between quantitative variables was assessed by the Spearman correlation test due to variable asymmetry. RESULTS: Sixty patients aged 18 to 78 years were studied, 81.7% of them males. Median length of hospital stay, intensive care unit stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation was 29, 14, and 6 days, respectively. The mean percentage of administered calories was 68.6% (SD=18.3%). Of the entire sample, 16 (26.7%) patients received at least 80% of their daily energy requirement. There was no significant association between total energy administered and duration of mechanical ventilation (r s=0.130; p=0.321), length of intensive care unit stay (r s=-0.117; p=0.372) and length of hospital stay (r s=-0.152; p=0.246). CONCLUSION: The study patients did not receive the prescribed energy. Therefore, they were at risk of malnutrition and its adverse clinical outcomes.

  12. Características de la población con ingesta baja en luteína y zeaxantina en pacientes con degeneración macular asociada a la edad variante húmeda / Characteristics of patients with wet age-related macular degeneration and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J.L., Olea; J.A., Aragón; M.E., Zapata; J.A., Tur.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Averiguar las características de los pacientes con DMAE húmeda que ingieren suficiente luteína y zeaxantina en nuestra población. Métodos: Estudio protocolizado, prospectivo, observacional, transversal, en pacientes diagnosticados de DMAE húmeda activa. Se efectúa hemograma, perfil lipídic [...] o, y perfil hepático; una entrevista dietética sobre los hábitos alimentarios a partir de la realización de un recordatorio de 24h y estudio antropométrico. Se dividen en dos grupos en función de la ingesta de luteína-zeaxantina (L-Z). Grupo 1 (ingesta «suficiente»): pacientes con ingesta diaria > 1.400mg/día en mujeres y 1.700mg/día en hombres (2/3 de la ingesta media diaria en población normal). Grupo 2: pacientes con ingesta diaria inferior a las del grupo 1. Se efectúa un estudio estadístico descriptivo y comparativo entre ambos grupos. Resultado: Un total de 52 pacientes, con una edad media de 78,9 años. Grupo 1: 11 pacientes (21% de la muestra). Grupo 2: 41. Los pacientes con ingesta suficiente de L-Z tienen mayor índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura. El 70-80% de los pacientes del grupo 1 presentan ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc. Conclusiones: El 79% de los pacientes tienen ingesta diaria de L-Z baja. Los pacientes con aporte suficiente tienen un aumento en el índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura, y además la mayoría tienen una ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the characteristics of patients with wet AMD and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin in our population. Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with active wet AMD. A full blood count, a lipid and liver profile, a dietary interview [...] (24-hour recall), and an anthropometric study were performed. Lutein-zeaxanthin (LZ) intake results split the patents in two groups. Group 1 ("sufficient" intake): patients with > 1,400mg/day intake in women and 1,700mg/day in men (2/3 of the average daily intake in a normal population). Group 2: patients with daily intakes below that of group 1. A descriptive and comparative statistical study was performed. Results: Fifty-two patients with a mean age of 78.9 years. Group 1: eleven patients (21% of the sample). Group 2: forty-one patients. The subjects with adequate intake of LZ had higher a body mass index and waist circumference. Between 70-80% of patients in group 1 had inadequate intake of vitamin A, C and E and zinc. Conclusions: Seventy-nine per cent of the patients with wet AMD have a deficient daily intake in lutein-zeaxanthin. The population with adequate intake is associated with an increased body mass index and waist circumference, and in addition, most of them have an insufficient intake of vitamin A, C, E and zinc.

  13. Metacognition and general functioning in patients with schizophrenia and a history of criminal behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bo, Sune; Kongerslev, Mickey; Dimaggio, Giancarlo; Lysaker, Paul H; Abu-Akel, Ahmad

    2015-02-28

    Metacognitive difficulties have been linked to social dysfunction in schizophrenia. However, research examining the role of metacognition in the social functioning of patients with a history of violence and criminality is very limited. This research is especially important for this group given their relatively poor prognosis and their risk to reoffend, as well as the promising benefits of integrating metacognitive approaches in psychosocial treatments. In this study, the association between metacognition and global social functioning was examined in 79 patients with schizophrenia with a criminal background. We also examined the association of positive, negative and disorganized symptoms with social functioning and the extent to which metacognition mediates this association. The results indicate that poor social functioning is associated with metacognitive difficulties and higher levels of delusions and Conceptual Disorganization. In addition, meditation analyses showed that metacognition accounted for about 11% of the total effect size of the association between delusions and social dysfunction, suggesting that the relationship between delusions and social dysfunction is partially driven by impaired metacognition. These findings underscore the importance of interventions designed to enhance the patients? metacognitive capacities, that is, the more proximal capacities linked to poorer social functioning. PMID:25582967

  14. Effects of anticoagulant therapy on pregnancy outcomes in patients with thrombophilia and previous poor obstetric history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutlu, Ilknur; Mutlu, Mehmet Firat; Biri, Aydan; Bulut, Berk; Erdem, Mehmet; Erdem, Ahmet

    2015-04-01

    This study investigates the effects of anticoagulant therapy on pregnancy outcomes in 204 patients with thrombophilia and previous poor obstetric outcomes. Patients with poor obstetric history (pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation, fetal death, placental abruption, recurrent pregnancy loss) and having hereditary thrombophilia were included in this study. Poor obstetric outcomes were observed more frequently in patients who had not taken anticogulant therapy compared with treated group. Live birth rate, gestational age at birth and Apgar scores were significantly higher in the treated group when compared with the untreated group. There were no significant differences in terms of birthweight, mode of delivery and admission rates to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) had higher gestational age at birth, Apgar scores, live birth rate and a lower abortion rates when compared with controls; in contrast, no significant difference was observed in terms of birthweight, mode of delivery, obstetric complications and admission rates to NICU. There were no significant differences between control group and both LMWH only and ASA only groups in terms of gestational age at birth, Apgar scores, birthweight, mode of delivery, obstetric complications and admission rates to NICU. Only LMWH group had higher live birth rate as compared with control group. The use of only ASA did not seem to affect the perinatal complication rates and outcomes. In conclusion, anticoagulant therapy with both LMWH and ASA seems to provide better obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with thrombophilia and previous poor obstetric outcomes. PMID:25268607

  15. Frequency of persistant backache in patients of spinal anaesthesia in the absence of prior history of backache

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency of persistant backache in patients of spinal anaesthesia in the absence of prior history of bachache. Study Design: Quasi experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: CMH Kharian from May 2008 to Sep 2009. Methods: Total 150 patients who were admitted at CMH Kharian during the study period were included in the study. The selection criteria included male and female patients above twenty years of age due for elective gynaecological, orthopaedics, urology and general surgical procedures. Only 112 patients reported for complete follow up for one year. Out of 112 patients, 61.6% were males while 38.4% were females. All patients with prior history of back pain were excluded from the study. Results: At the end of one year the frequency of persistent back pain after one year of spinal anaesthesia is (1/112) 0.89% in the absence of previous history of back pain. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that frequency of persistant back pain after spinal anaesthesia in the absence of previous history of back pain is very low. (author)

  16. Analyzing complex patients' temporal histories: new frontiers in temporal data mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacchi, Lucia; Dagliati, Arianna; Bellazzi, Riccardo

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, data coming from hospital information systems (HIS) and local healthcare organizations have started to be intensively used for research purposes. This rising amount of available data allows reconstructing the compete histories of the patients, which have a strong temporal component. This chapter introduces the major challenges faced by temporal data mining researchers in an era when huge quantities of complex clinical temporal data are becoming available. The analysis is focused on the peculiar features of this kind of data and describes the methodological and technological aspects that allow managing such complex framework. The chapter shows how heterogeneous data can be processed to derive a homogeneous representation. Starting from this representation, it illustrates different techniques for jointly analyze such kind of data. Finally, the technological strategies that allow creating a common data warehouse to gather data coming from different sources and with different formats are presented. PMID:25417081

  17. Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palatal mucosa in patient with history of anorexia: review and case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilowski, ?ukasz; Wiench, Rafa?; Polakiewicz-Gilowska, Anna; Dwornicka, Katarzyna

    2014-01-01

    Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a self-limiting disorder affecting minor salivary glands resembling a malignant process both clinically and histopathologically. The etiology of this rare inflammatory` disorder is related to an ischemic event. Identified risk factors include alcohol abuse, smoking, drugs, denture wearing, injury and systemic diseases. Also reported are cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia associated with bulimia. This paper identifies the whole body incitement among additional risk factors by presenting a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia in an 18 year old patient with the history of anorexia nervosa. Furthermore it describes the effects of extreme cooling of palatal mucosa with ice chips resulting in constriction of blood vessels as the direct cause, reinforcing ischemic etiology of necrotizing sialometaplasia. PMID:24667056

  18. Usefulness of dietary enrichment on energy and protein intake in elderly patients at risk of malnutrition discharged to home / Utilidad del enriquecimiento de la dieta sobre la ingesta energética y protéica en pacientes ancianos en riesgo de desnutrición dados de alta a domicilio

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Joan, Trabal; Sonia, Hervas; Maria, Forga; Pere, Leyes; Andreu, Farran-Codina.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La desnutrición es causa de preocupación en muchos pacientes ingresados, siendo frecuente al ingreso y alta hospitalaria. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue valorar si el enriquecimiento de la dieta con pequeñas raciones de alimentos densos en energía y nutrientes mejora la ing [...] esta energética y de nutrientes en pacientes ancianos con riesgo de desnutrición dados de alta al domicilio. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de una serie de casos en paciente ancianos con riesgo de desnutrición tratados con enriquecimiento de la dieta. Se revisaron los datos de la historia clínica y dietética de pacientes ancianos dados de alta a domicilio. Cuarenta-y-un pacientes, con una edad media de 83 ± 5 años, cumplieron los criterios de inclusión; 13 pacientes se perdieron después de 4 semanas de tratamiento y un total de 24 después de 12 semanas. El historial contenía datos de la ingesta de alimentos valorada a nivel basal, y después de 4 y 12 semanas de tratamiento. El Mini Nutritional Assessment, las medidas antropométricas, los parámetros bioquímicos rutinarios y el Índice de Barthel fueron valorados a nivel basal y después de 12 semanas. Resultados: En comparación al inicio, los pacientes mejoraron significativamente su ingesta energética y proteica después de 4 semanas de tratamiento, cumpliendo con los requerimientos nutricionales medios. La mejora en la ingesta de energía y proteínas todavía era manifiesta en la semana 12. Después de 12 semanas de enriquecimiento de la dieta, también se observó un incremento significativo en el peso (4.1%, p = 0.011). No se detectaron cambios significativos en el estado funcional. Conclusiones: El uso de pequeñas raciones de alimentos con elevada densidad energética y proteica para enriquecer las comidas parece ser un tratamiento nutricional factible para incrementar la ingesta energética y proteica y cumplir con los objetivos nutricionales en paciente ancianos dados de alta al domicilio. Abstract in english Introduction: Malnutrition is a cause for concern among many admitted elderly patients, being common at hospital admission and discharge. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess if diet enrichment with small servings of energy and protein dense foods, improves energy and nutrient intak [...] e in elderly patients at risk of malnutrition discharged to home. Methods: This was a retrospective case series study in elderly patients at risk of malnutrition treated with diet enrichment. There was a data review of dietary and health records of elderly patients discharged to home. Forty-one patients, mean age of 83 ± 5 years, met the inclusion criteria; 13 patients had been lost after 4 weeks of treatment and a total of 24 patients after 12 weeks. Records contained food intake data assessed at baseline, and after 4 and 12 weeks of treatment. Mini Nutritional Assessment, anthropometric measurements, routine biochemical parameters and the Barthel Index were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results: Compared to baseline, patients significantly improved their energy and protein intake after 4 weeks of treatment, fulfilling the mean nutritional requirements. The improvement in energy and protein intake was still manifest at week 12. After 12 weeks of dietary enrichment, a significant weight gain was observed (4.1%, p = 0.011), as well. No significant changes were detected in functional status. Conclusions: Using small servings of energy and protein dense foods to enrich meals seems a feasible nutritional treatment to increase energy and protein intake and meet nutritional goals among elderly patients discharged to home.

  19. Mortality in cancer patients with a history of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma--a nationwide population-based cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannesdottir, Sigrun Alba; Lash, Timothy L

    2012-01-01

    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is associated with underlying immunosuppression, so it may be a prognostic marker in patients with subsequent cancer. We therefore conducted a nationwide population-based Danish cohort study to evaluate whether a history of cutaneuos SCC has prognostic impact in patients with one of the following index cancers: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), or cancer of the lung, colon, rectum, breast, or prostate.

  20. Computerized histories facilitate patient care in a termination of pregnancy clinic: the use of a small computer to obtain and reproduce patient information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilford, R J; Bingham, P; Bourne, G L; Chard, T

    1985-04-01

    An inexpensive microcomputer has been programmed to obtain histories from patients attending a pregnancy termination clinic. The system is nurse-interactive; yes/no and multiple-choice questions are answered on the visual display unit by a light pen. Proper nouns and discursive text are typed at the computer keyboard. A neatly formatted summary of the history is then provided by an interfaced printer. The history follows a branching pattern; of the 370 questions included in the program, only 68 are answered in the course of an average history. The program contains numerous error traps and the user may request explanations of questions which are not immediately understood. The system was designed to ensure that no factors of anaesthetic or medical importance would be overlooked in the busy out-patient clinic. The computer provides a much more complete history with an average of 42 more items of information than the pre-existing manual system. This system is demanding of nursing time and possible conversion to a patient-interactive system is discussed. A confidential questionnaire revealed a high degree of consumer acceptance. PMID:2580549

  1. Obesity coexists with malnutrition?: adequacy of food consumption by severely obese patients to dietary reference intake recommendations / ¿Obesidad coexiste con la desnutrición?: adecuación del consumo de alimentos de los pacientes obesos a las recomendaciones de ingesta dietética de referencia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jaqueline, Driemeyer Correia Horvath; Mariana, Laitano Dias de Castro; Natália, Kops; Natasha, Kruger Malinoski; Rogério, Friedman.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Evaluar la adecuación de la dieta de los pacientes con obesidad severa y describir las principales deficiencias nutricionales a través del DRI. Los pacientes fueron seleccionados de forma secuencial, lo que indica la cirugía bariátrica en el periodo de marzo 2010 a noviembre 2011. Todos los paciente [...] s fueron sometidos a la evaluación del estado nutricional (antropometría y la ingesta dietética) y metabólicos (perfiles de lípidos, hormonas y glucosa). Se evaluaron 77 pacientes (edad media ± DE) de 44,48 ± 12,55 años. Cincuenta pacientes (76,6% de la muestra) eran mujeres. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (72,4%), trastorno por atracón (47,4%), diabetes mellitus (32.9%), apnea del sueño (30,3%) y la dislipemia (18,4%). El consumo de nutrientes fue generalmente adecuada, teniendo en cuenta la ingesta calórica alta. Sin embargo, se identificaron algunas deficiencias de micronutrientes. Sólo 19,5% de los pacientes alcanzar la ingesta recomendada mínima de potasio, de calcio 26,0%, y 66,2% de hierro. En cuanto a sodio, toda la muestra alcanza el mínimo recomendado, sin embargo, llegar a la UL 98,7% para el sodio. Las vitaminas del grupo B han evaluado el consumo satisfactorios, llegando a más del 80% de las necesidades, pero las vitaminas liposolubles A, D y E se consume a menudo por debajo de la ingesta diaria recomendada. La dieta del paciente obeso no está equilibrado. Un gran consumo de calorías se acompaña de una ingesta deficiente de micronutrientes. En la evaluación de estos pacientes, cambios en la dieta cualitativos deben ser considerados simultáneamente con la restricción calórica. Abstract in english To assess the adequacy of food intake in severely obese patients and describe their main nutritional deficiencies on the basis of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Patients on a waiting list for bariatric surgery were sequentially recruited from March 2010 to November 2011. All subjects underwent nu [...] tritional status assessment (anthropometry, dietary recall and semi-structured interview), socioeconomic evaluation (Brazilian Association of Research Companies criteria) and laboratory testing (glucose/hormone/lipid panel). A total of 77 patients were assessed, 50 of whom (76.6%) were female. Mean age was 44.48±12.55 years. The most common comorbidities were hypertension (72.4%), binge eating disorder (47.4%), type 2 diabetes mellitus (32.9%), sleep apnea (30.3%) and dyslipidemia (18.4%). Macronutrient intake was largely adequate, in view of the high calorie intake. However, some micronutrient deficiencies were present. Only 19.5% of patients had an adequate intake of potassium, 26.0% of calcium, and 66.2% of iron. All subjects consumed more than the minimum recommended intake of sodium, with 98.7% reaching the upper limit. B-complex vitamin intake was satisfactory (adequate in >80% of subjects), but lipid-soluble vitamin (A, D, E) intake often fell short of the RDI. The diet of severely obese patients is unbalanced, with high calorie intake paralleled by insufficient micronutrient intake. When these patients are assessed and managed, qualitative dietary changes should be considered in addition to routine caloric restriction.

  2. Association of folate intake, dietary habits, smoking and COX-2 promotor-765G > C polymorphism with K-ras mutation in patients with colorectal cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Understanding the role of environmental and molecular influences on the nature and rate of K-ras mutations in colorectal neoplasms is crucial. COX-2 polymorphisms -765G > C may play a role in carcinogenic processes in combination with specific life-style conditions or dependent on the racial composition of a particular population. If mutational events play an important role in colorectal carcinogenesis sequence, one can hypothesize that modification of these events by life-style or other factors would be a useful prevention strategy. Aim of work: To explore the association between K-ras mutation and potential variables known or suspected to be related to the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as determining the possible modulating effect of the COX-2 polymorphism, —765G > C. Subjects and methods: The study was conducted on 80 patients with colorectal cancer from Tropical Medicine and Gastrointestinal Tract endoscopy Departments and those attending clinic of the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University during the period extending from April 2009 to March 2010. Full history taking with emphasis on the risk factors of interest, namely age, sex, family history, smoking and dietary history. Serum CEA and CA19-9, RBCs folic acid and occult blood in stool were done to all samples. K-ras protooncogene mutation at codon 12 (exon 1) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) —765G > C polymorphism were determined by PCR-RFLP. Results: The K-ras mutation was positive in 23 (28.7%) patients. COX-2 polymorphism revealed GG in 62.5%, GC in 26.2 % and CC genotype was found in 11.3 % of cases. The mean red blood cell folic acid level was lower in the K-ras positive group (100.96 ± 51.3 ng/ml) than the negative group (216.6 ± 166.4 ng/ml), (P < 0.01). Higher folate levels were found in males than females (median = 173 ng/ml and 85 ng/ml; respectively, P = 0.002) with adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 0.984. Only, the RBCs folate (P = 0.0018) followed by gender (P = 0.036) contributed significantly in the discrimination between patients prone to develop K-ras mutation and those who are not. Conclusion: RBC folic acid was significantly deficient in CRC (colorectal cancer) patients with K- ras mutations in comparison with CRC patients free of the mutations, suggesting that folic acid may be a risk factor for K-ras mutation development

  3. Reducing salt intake for prevention of cardiovascular diseases in high-risk patients by advanced health education intervention (RESIP-CVD study, Northern Thailand: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aung Myo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Decreasing salt consumption can prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVD. Practically, it is difficult to promote people’s awareness of daily salt intake and to change their eating habits in terms of reducing salt intake for better cardiovascular health. Health education programs visualizing daily dietary salt content and intake may promote lifestyle changes in patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods/Design This is a cluster randomized trial. A total of 800 high-CVD-risk patients attending diabetes and hypertension clinics at health centers in Muang District, Chiang Rai province, Thailand, will be studied with informed consent. A health center recruiting 100 participants is a cluster, the unit of randomization. Eight clusters will be randomized into intervention and control arms and followed up for 1?year. Within the intervention clusters the following will be undertaken: (1 salt content in the daily diet will be measured and shown to study participants; (2 24-hour salt intake will be estimated in overnight-collected urine and the results shown to the participants; (3 a dietician will assist small group health education classes in cooking meals with less salt. The primary outcome is blood pressure change at the 1-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes at the 1-year follow-up are estimated 24-hoursalt intake, incidence of CVD events and CVD death. The intention-to-treat analysis will be followed. Blood pressure and estimated 24-hour salt intake will be compared between intervention and control groups at the cluster and individual level at the 1-year follow-up. Clinical CVD events and deaths will be analyzed by time-event analysis. Retinal blood vessel calibers of CVD-risk patients will be assessed cross-sectionally. Behavioral change to reduce salt intake and the influencing factors will be determined by structured equation model (SEM. Multilevel regression analyses will be applied. Finally, the cost effectiveness of the intervention will be analyzed. Discussion This study is unique as it will recruit the individuals most vulnerable to CVD morbidity and mortality by applying the general Framingham CVD risk scoring system. Dietary salt reduction will be applied as a prioritized, community level intervention for the prevention of CVD in a developing country. Trial registration ISRCTN39416277

  4. Improving students' confidence levels in communicating with patients and introducing students to the importance of history taking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Radiographers can have a marked impact on the way patients deal with their illness because they are often one of the first health professionals that patients see. Therefore, it is essential that radiographers have effective communication skills and are able to provide patients with the information they require. The purpose of this study was to test whether the introduction of additional education on communication and history taking improved students' communication skills. Methods: A short program on communication skills and history taking was introduced to third year undergraduate students prior to a clinical placements period. Three workshops were run; the third included a role play exercise using professional actors as simulated patients. Students completed questionnaires at baseline, following the three workshops and after their subsequent clinical placement. Descriptive statistics were calculated and logistic regression Generalized Estimating Equations models were fitted to test for differences over time in students' confidence levels. Results: Twenty-seven out of 36 students completed the baseline and final surveys. Students indicated they were highly satisfied with the workshops provided. Statistically significant differences were observed for seven items relating to student's confidence levels in communicating with patients after they had participated in the workshops and their subsequent clinical placement. Conclusion: The use of communication skil Conclusion: The use of communication skills workshops involving actor/patients is an effective method of assisting students to develop their communication and history taking skills. This program has now been implemented into the mentioned undergraduate course and it is recommended that radiography students at other institutions be provided with the opportunity to develop their communication and history taking skills.

  5. Improving students' confidence levels in communicating with patients and introducing students to the importance of history taking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halkett, Georgia K.B., E-mail: g.halkett@curtin.edu.a [WA Centre for Cancer and Palliative Care/Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); McKay, Janice [Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Shaw, Therese [Child Health Promotion Research Centre, School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia)

    2011-02-15

    Background: Radiographers can have a marked impact on the way patients deal with their illness because they are often one of the first health professionals that patients see. Therefore, it is essential that radiographers have effective communication skills and are able to provide patients with the information they require. The purpose of this study was to test whether the introduction of additional education on communication and history taking improved students' communication skills. Methods: A short program on communication skills and history taking was introduced to third year undergraduate students prior to a clinical placements period. Three workshops were run; the third included a role play exercise using professional actors as simulated patients. Students completed questionnaires at baseline, following the three workshops and after their subsequent clinical placement. Descriptive statistics were calculated and logistic regression Generalized Estimating Equations models were fitted to test for differences over time in students' confidence levels. Results: Twenty-seven out of 36 students completed the baseline and final surveys. Students indicated they were highly satisfied with the workshops provided. Statistically significant differences were observed for seven items relating to student's confidence levels in communicating with patients after they had participated in the workshops and their subsequent clinical placement. Conclusion: The use of communication skills workshops involving actor/patients is an effective method of assisting students to develop their communication and history taking skills. This program has now been implemented into the mentioned undergraduate course and it is recommended that radiography students at other institutions be provided with the opportunity to develop their communication and history taking skills.

  6. Patrón de ingesta en un grupo de pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable: relación de la ingesta de fibra con los síntomas / Dietary intake of a group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome: relation between dietary fiber and symptoms

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    R., Aller; D. A. de, Luis; O., Izaola; F., La Calle; L. del, Olmo; L., Fernández; T., Arranz; J. M., González Hernández.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable y compararla con las ingestas internacionales recomendadas. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 53 pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable seleccionados con [...] un muestreo no probabilístico consecutivo. Los pacientes habían sido diagnosticados de síndrome de intestino irritable (SII) siguiendo los Criterios de Roma II. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, encuesta dietética de 3 días y un test de evaluación de síntomas. Resultados: Los 53 pacientes pesentaban una edad media de 45,67+13,6 años y una distribución por sexo de (22 varones/31 mujeres). La ingesta calórica total fue adecuada en valores absolutos y al corregir por peso del paciente. La distribución de calorías fue un 41,5% en forma de carbohidratos, un 19,8 en proteinas y un 38,7% en lípidos, estos datos muestran un claro exceso en el consumo de grasas y defecto en el consumo de hidratos de carbono. Existió una baja ingesta de vitaminas A y D. La ingesta de vitamina B12, vitamina C y niacina fue superior que las recomendaciones internacionales. Con respecto a los minerales, existió un claro déficit de la ingesta de calcio, magnesio, yodo y zinc. Al realizar el análisis en fibra soluble e insoluble, la primera fue inferior (fibra soluble 1,46 ± 0,74 g/día) (19%), la fibra insoluble representó 6,21 ± 2,67 g/día (71%). La ingesta corregida de fibra por calorías fue baja 4,5 ± 1,2 por cada 1.000 calorías. En el análisis de correlación sólo se correlacionó la fibra insoluble (r=-0,46; p Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the oral dietary intake of a group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome and to compate with international recommendations. Patients and methods: A total of 53 patients with irritable bowel syndrome was enrolled in a non-propabilistic sample. Pati [...] ens were diagnose with Roma II criteria. In all patients were determined, weight, height, body mass index, dietary intake of 3 days and a symptoms scoring system. Results: The average age of 53 patients was 45.67±13.6 years with a distribution of sex (22 males/31 females). Caloric intakes was righ in absolut terms and corrected by weight. Distribution of calories was 41.5% of carbohidrates, a 19.8% of proteins, and a 38.7% of lipids, showing a high intake of lipids and low of carbohidrates. A low intake of vitamin A and D was detected. High intake of vitamin B12, vitamin C and niacine was observed. A low intake of calcium, magnesium, yodo and zinc was detected. Intake of soluble fiber was lower than insoluble fiber (1.46±0.74 g/day) (19%) vs 6.21±2.67 g/day (71%). Intake of fiber corrected by calories was low 4.5±1.2 g/1000 calories. In correlation analysis, insoluble fiber (r=0.46; p

  7. Comparative Proteomic Profiling of Atopic Dermatitis Patients Based on History of Eczema Herpeticum Infection and Staphylococcus aureus Colonization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broccardo, Carolyn J; Mahaffey, Spencer; Schwarz, John; Wruck, Lisa; David, Gloria; Schlievert, Patrick M; Reisdorph, Nichole A; Leung, Donald YM

    2010-01-01

    Background Atopic dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin disorder in the general population worldwide and the majority of patients are colonized with Staphylococcus aureus. Eczema herpeticum is a disseminated herpes simplex virus infection that occurs in a small subset of patients. Objectives The goal was to conduct proteomic profiling of atopic dermatitis patients based on Staphylococcus aureus colonization status and history of eczema herpeticum. We hoped to identify new biomarkers for improved diagnosis and prediction of eczema herpeticum and Staphylococcus aureus susceptibility, and to generate new hypotheses regarding disease pathogenesis. Methods Skin taping was performed on nonlesional skin of non-atopic controls and on lesional and nonlesional skin of atopic dermatitis patients. Subjects were classified according to history of eczema herpeticum and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Proteins were analyzed using mass spectrometry; diagnostic groups were compared for statistically significant differences in protein expression. Results Proteins related to the skin barrier (filaggrin-2, corneodesmosin, desmoglein-1, desmocollin-1, and transglutaminase-3) and generation of natural moisturizing factor (arginase-1, caspase-14, gamma-glutamyl cyclotransferase) were expressed at significantly lower levels in lesional versus nonlesional sites of atopic dermatitis patients with and without history of eczema herpeticum; epidermal fatty acid binding protein was expressed at significantly higher levels in patients with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusion This non-invasive, semi-quantitative profiling method has revealed novel proteins likely involved in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. The lower expression of skin barrier proteins and enzymes involved in the generation of the natural moisturizing factor could further exacerbate barrier defects and perpetuate water loss from the skin. The greater expression of epidermal fatty acid binding protein, especially in patients colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, may perpetuate the inflammatory response via eicosanoid signaling. PMID:21211653

  8. Study of myocardial viability using thallium-201 in patients with a history of infarctions: Is reinjection necessary?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis was performed of 84 patients with a history of myocardial infarction using the thallium-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) test and employing the technique of reinjection of the radioisotope 201Tl at rest. A study was conducted during the period of maximum stress, four hours and one hour after reinjection of 37 MBq of 201Tl. The presence and extent of reperfusion was determined. In addition, the incidence of ischaemia was correlated with four clinical parameters which might influence its occurrence: development period of the infarction (greater or less than 30 days), Q wave in the electrocardiogram, prior use of streptokinase, and angina. Twenty-seven patients exhibited partial reperfusion at rest which increased significantly in 14 of the patients after thallium reinjection. Moreover, 22 patients only exhibited reperfusion with reinjection. There was no relation between the clinical parameters evaluated and the incidence of ischaemia. In conclusion, with thallium reinjection 43% more patients can be detected with viable areas of myocardium which are not evident at rest. The clinical parameters evaluated are no help in predicting ischaemia with thallium. The routine use of reinjection is recommended to evaluate myocardial viability in patients with a history of infarction. (author). 14 refs, 2 figs

  9. Correlation of nutritional status and food intake in hemodialysis patients / Correlação entre estado nutricional e ingestão alimentar em pacientes de hemodiálise

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alvaro A. C., Morais; Maria A. T., Silva; Joel, Faintuch; Erica J., Vidigal; Rozilene A., Costa; Daniele C., Lyrio; Celia R., Trindade; Karoline K., Pitanga.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Pacientes em fase final de enfermidade renal frequentemente sofrem de falta de apetite, várias comorbidades e restrições dietéticas, e a despeito de hemodiálise regular, desequilíbrios nutricionais são frequentemente relatados. Com o propósito de correlacionar estado nutricional com inges [...] tão alimentar, um estudo prospectivo foi realizado com pacientes ambulatoriais. MÉTODOS: Doentes estáveis sibmetidos a hemodiálise crônica por no mínimo 3 meses (n= 44) foram investigados mediante recordatório alimentar e determinações convencionais antropométricas, bioquímicas e de bioimpedância , incluindo-se avaliação global subjetiva e também objetiva. A idade do grupo era de 47.0 ± 16.9 anos com 63.6% de homens. O índice de massa corporal situava-se em 22.2 ± 3.9 kg/m2, a ingestão calórica foi de 1471 ± 601 kcal/dia (20.7 ± 6.7 kcal/kg/dia) e o consumo proteico atingiu 74.3 ± 16.6 g proteina/dia (1.2 g/kg/dia) . As variáveis dietéticas e clínicas foram correlacionadas com os índices nutricionais através da análise de regressão linear. RESULTADOS: A desnutrição estimada pela avalia;áo global subjetiva foi muito comum (>90%), apesar de que o índice de massa corporal e a taxa de albumina estavam aceitáveis na maioria da população. A avaliação objetiva global evidenciou resultados numericamente parecidos, com 6,8% bem nutridos, 61,4% com risco nutricional ou desnutrição leve, 29,6% no patamar moderado e 2,3% exibindo desnutrição grave. O ganho calórico total não apresentou associações, todavia ingressos de proteina, carboidratos e lípides se correlacionaram positivamente com a prega cutânea do tríceps (P=0.02). Apenas a ingestão lipídica associou-se diretamente com a circunferência do braço, demonstrando ainda correlação com o índice de massa corporal bem como com a gordura corpórea total (bioimpedância) (P Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Patients in end-stage renal disease often suffer from poor appetite, various comorbidities, and dietary restrictions. Despite regular hemodialysis, nutritional imbalances are frequently reported. Aiming to correlate nutritional status with food ingestion, a prospective study was done in [...] an outpatient group. METHODS: Stable patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis for at least 3 months (n = 44) were investigated by dietary recall and standard anthropometric, biochemical, and bioimpedance determinations, including subjective and objective global assessment. The mean age of the group was 47.0 ± 16.9 years, and 63.6% were men. Body mass index was 22.2 ± 3.9 kg/m² (mean ± SD), calorie intake was 1471 ± 601 kcal/day (20.7 ± 6.7 kcal/kg/day), and protein ingestion was 74.3 ± 16.6 g protein/day (1.2 g/kg/day). Dietary and clinical findings were correlated with nutritional indices by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Malnutrition estimated by subjective global assessment was very common (>90%), despite the fact that body mass index and serum albumin were within an acceptable range in the majority of the population. Objective global assessment yelded roughly comparable numerical findings, with 6.8% being well nourished, 61.4% at nutritional risk or lightly undernourished, 29.6% moderately malnourished, and 2.3% severely malnourished. Total calorie intake was devoid of associations, but protein, carbohydrate, and lipid input positively correlated with triceps skinfold (P=.02). Lipid ingestion was the only marker directly associated with arm circumference, and it correlated with body mass index, as well as with total body fat (bioimpedance analysis) (P

  10. Correlation of nutritional status and food intake in hemodialysis patients Correlação entre estado nutricional e ingestão alimentar em pacientes de hemodiálise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro A. C. Morais

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Patients in end-stage renal disease often suffer from poor appetite, various comorbidities, and dietary restrictions. Despite regular hemodialysis, nutritional imbalances are frequently reported. Aiming to correlate nutritional status with food ingestion, a prospective study was done in an outpatient group. METHODS: Stable patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis for at least 3 months (n = 44 were investigated by dietary recall and standard anthropometric, biochemical, and bioimpedance determinations, including subjective and objective global assessment. The mean age of the group was 47.0 ± 16.9 years, and 63.6% were men. Body mass index was 22.2 ± 3.9 kg/m² (mean ± SD, calorie intake was 1471 ± 601 kcal/day (20.7 ± 6.7 kcal/kg/day, and protein ingestion was 74.3 ± 16.6 g protein/day (1.2 g/kg/day. Dietary and clinical findings were correlated with nutritional indices by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Malnutrition estimated by subjective global assessment was very common (>90%, despite the fact that body mass index and serum albumin were within an acceptable range in the majority of the population. Objective global assessment yelded roughly comparable numerical findings, with 6.8% being well nourished, 61.4% at nutritional risk or lightly undernourished, 29.6% moderately malnourished, and 2.3% severely malnourished. Total calorie intake was devoid of associations, but protein, carbohydrate, and lipid input positively correlated with triceps skinfold (P=.02. Lipid ingestion was the only marker directly associated with arm circumference, and it correlated with body mass index, as well as with total body fat (bioimpedance analysis (P OBJETIVOS: Pacientes em fase final de enfermidade renal frequentemente sofrem de falta de apetite, várias comorbidades e restrições dietéticas, e a despeito de hemodiálise regular, desequilíbrios nutricionais são frequentemente relatados. Com o propósito de correlacionar estado nutricional com ingestão alimentar, um estudo prospectivo foi realizado com pacientes ambulatoriais. MÉTODOS: Doentes estáveis sibmetidos a hemodiálise crônica por no mínimo 3 meses (n= 44 foram investigados mediante recordatório alimentar e determinações convencionais antropométricas, bioquímicas e de bioimpedância , incluindo-se avaliação global subjetiva e também objetiva. A idade do grupo era de 47.0 ± 16.9 anos com 63.6% de homens. O índice de massa corporal situava-se em 22.2 ± 3.9 kg/m2, a ingestão calórica foi de 1471 ± 601 kcal/dia (20.7 ± 6.7 kcal/kg/dia e o consumo proteico atingiu 74.3 ± 16.6 g proteina/dia (1.2 g/kg/dia . As variáveis dietéticas e clínicas foram correlacionadas com os índices nutricionais através da análise de regressão linear. RESULTADOS: A desnutrição estimada pela avalia;áo global subjetiva foi muito comum (>90%, apesar de que o índice de massa corporal e a taxa de albumina estavam aceitáveis na maioria da população. A avaliação objetiva global evidenciou resultados numericamente parecidos, com 6,8% bem nutridos, 61,4% com risco nutricional ou desnutrição leve, 29,6% no patamar moderado e 2,3% exibindo desnutrição grave. O ganho calórico total não apresentou associações, todavia ingressos de proteina, carboidratos e lípides se correlacionaram positivamente com a prega cutânea do tríceps (P=0.02. Apenas a ingestão lipídica associou-se diretamente com a circunferência do braço, demonstrando ainda correlação com o índice de massa corporal bem como com a gordura corpórea total (bioimpedância (P<0.001. CONCLUSÕES: 1 0s teores de proteinas, lípides e carboidratos na dieta exibiram um certo número de correlações com variáveis antropométricas e de bioimpedância; 2 A ingestão lipídica foi o melhor índice nesta experiência, ultrapassando a proteina ou o ganho energético total; 3 Em que pesem algumas limitações, o recordatório alimentar foi útil na avaliação destes pacientes de hemodiálise.

  11. Ingestión de sodio en pacientes litiásicos y su relación con variables demográficas y nutricionales / Sodium intake in lithiasic patients and its relationship to demographic and nutritional variables

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Raymed, Antonio Bacallao Méndez; Reinaldo, Mañalich Comas; Francisco, Gutiérrez García; Betsy, Llerena Ferrer.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la medición de la excreción urinaria de sodio es importante en pacientes con litiasis urinaria, pues su excreción elevada predispone a hipercalciuria, el trastorno metabólico urinario más frecuente. Objetivo: determinar la ingestión (igual a excreción) de sodio e identificar su posible [...] relación con variables demográficas y nutricionales, en pacientes con litiasis urinaria. Métodos: se desarrolló un estudio analítico, transversal, de los pacientes con litiasis urinaria que se hicieron estudio metabólico renal en el Instituto de Nefrología, entre enero 2011 y diciembre 2012. Se excluyeron los pacientes con factores que modifican la excreción de sodio. Las determinaciones de creatinina fueron realizadas por el método cinético de Jaffé, con espectrofotómetro Jenway®; las mediciones del sodio urinario, con analizador electrolítico marca Roche®. La información fue procesada de forma automatizada (SPSS versión 15.0). En cada categoría de las variables fueron calculadas media y desviación estándar de la excreción de sodio (mEq/d). Las comparaciones de los promedios se realizaron mediante la prueba t o mediante ANOVA. Resultados: de 1 985 pacientes estudiados, 1 363 fueron del sexo masculino (68,7 %) y 622, del femenino (31,3 %). La excreción urinaria media de sodio fue 235,29 mEq/d, globalmente, y resultó mayor en los hombres (252,69 mEq/d), al ser comparada con la de las mujeres (197,14 mEq/d) (p= 0,00). También se encontraron diferencias al comparar la excreción de sodio entre las categorías de valoración nutricional (p= 0,00) y de excreción de creatinina (p= 0,0). Conclusiones: la excreción urinaria de sodio es elevada en pacientes urolitiásicos, mayor en los hombres y en los sujetos con sobrepeso y obesidad. Abstract in english Introduction: measurement of urinary sodium excretion is important in patients with urolithiasis, for a high level of excretion leads to hypercalciuria, the most common urinary metabolic disorder. Objective: to determine sodium intake (equal to excretion) and identify its possible relationship to de [...] mographic and nutritional variables in patients with urinary lithiasis. Methods: an analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in patientes with urinary lithiasis undergoing metabolic renal study at the Institute of Nephrology from January 2011 to December 2012. Patients with factors modifying sodium excretion were excluded. Creatinine determinations were made with Jaffé's kinetic method using a Jenway™ spectrophotometer. Urinary sodium was measured with a Roche™ electrolytic analyzer. Data was processed with the statistical software SPSS version 15.0. Variables for each category were estimated as mean and standard deviation of sodium excretion (mEq/d). Comparisons of averages were made with the t test or ANOVA. Results: of the 1 985 patients studied, 1 363 were male (68.7 %) and 622 were female (31.3 %). Global mean sodium urinary excretion was 235.29 mEq/d, greater in men (252.69 mEq/d) than in women (197.14 mEq/d) (p= 0.00). Differences were also found when sodium excretion was compared by nutritional assessment (p= 0.00) and creatinine excretion (p= 0.0). Conclusions: urinary sodium excretion is high in patients with urolithiasis. Values are higher in men, and in overweight and obese individuals.

  12. Agricultural Drainage Well Intakes

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Locations of surface intakes for registered agriculture drainage wells according to the database maintained by IDALS. Surface intakes were located from their...

  13. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension as a cause of dyspnoea in an older patient with a complex history

    OpenAIRE

    Kähler, C M

    2009-01-01

    A full diagnostic work-up for patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) is vital. Classification and diagnosis of the underlying cause is important to ensure optimal management, but may be complicated by overlapping signs and symptoms. This case study describes how a full work-up identified chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH) as the cause of dyspnoea in a 68-yr-old male with a history of pulmonary embolism and an original diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Key indicators includ...

  14. Creation and Usability Testing of a Web-Based Pre-Scanning Radiology Patient Safety and History Questionnaire Set

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, Tracy J.; Duvall, Scott; Wiggins, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Recent advances in technology have significantly changed radiology workflow. The main focus of these changes has been the transition from hard copy film to digital imaging. The next transition will be a “paperless” transformation. Web-based versions of the current paper-based patient safety and history questionnaires were created using PHP and MySQL. Two rounds of usability testing using volunteers were completed using tablet PCs. Volunteers were comprised of ten individuals. Ages of volu...

  15. Serological investigation of patients with a previous history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia who are reexposed to heparin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warkentin, Theodore E; Sheppard, Jo-Ann I

    2014-04-17

    Heparin reexposure despite a history of previous heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) can be appropriate if platelet-activating antibodies are no longer detectable. We determined the frequency, timing, and magnitude of the antiplatelet factor 4 (anti-PF4)/heparin immune response (by serotonin-release assay [SRA] and enzyme-immunoassay [EIA]), and the frequency of recurrent HIT in 20 patients with previous HIT reexposed to heparin 4.4 years (mean) post-HIT; 17 patients were given heparin intraoperatively (without postoperative heparin) for cardiac/vascular surgery. One patient developed recurrent HIT beginning 7 days after cardiac surgery, with newly regenerated HIT antibodies exhibiting strong heparin-independent platelet-activating properties. Intraoperative heparin induced EIA seroconversion in 11/17 (65%) patients (immunoglobulin G [IgG]>IgA>IgM) and SRA seroconversion in 8/17 (47%), whereas none of 3 medical patients reexposed to heparin developed seroconversion. Anti-PF4/heparin IgG became detectable at day 7 (median), ie, no sooner than observed in typical-onset HIT. The high proportion of SRA positivity among EIA-seroconverting patients (8/11 [73%]) suggests that patients with previous HIT may be especially predisposed to forming recurrent antibodies with platelet-activating properties. We conclude that among patients with a previous history of HIT who are reexposed to intraoperative (but not postoperative) heparin, the risk of recurrent HIT appears to be low, but is possible if antibodies with strong heparin-independent platelet-activating properties are formed. PMID:24516044

  16. Structured data entry for narrative data in a broad specialty: patient history and physical examination in pediatrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Ginneken Astrid M

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Whereas an electronic medical record (EMR system can partly address the limitations, of paper-based documentation, such as fragmentation of patient data, physical paper records missing and poor legibility, structured data entry (SDE, i.e. data entry based on selection of predefined medical concepts is essential for uniformity of data, easier reporting, decision support, quality assessment, and patient-oriented clinical research. The aim of this project was to explore whether a previously developed generic (i.e. content independent SDE application to support the structured documentation of narrative data (called OpenSDE can be used to model data obtained at history taking and physical examination of a broad specialty. Methods OpenSDE was customized for the broad domain of general pediatrics: medical concepts and its descriptors from history taking and physical examination were modeled into a tree structure. Results An EMR system allowing structured recording (OpenSDE of pediatric narrative data was developed. Patient history is described by 20 main concepts and physical examination by 11. In total, the thesaurus consists of about 1800 items, used in 8648 nodes in the tree with a maximum depth of 9 levels. Patient history contained 6312 nodes, and physical examination 2336. User-defined entry forms can be composed according to individual needs, without affecting the underlying data representation. The content of the tree can be adjusted easily and sharing records among different disciplines is possible. Data that are relevant in more than one context can be accessed from multiple branches of the tree without duplication or ambiguity of data entry via "shortcuts". Conclusion An expandable EMR system with structured data entry (OpenSDE for pediatrics was developed, allowing structured documentation of patient history and physical examination. For further evaluation in other environments, the tree structure for general pediatrics is available at the Erasmus MC Web site (in Dutch, translation into English in progress 1. The generic OpenSDE application is available at the OpenSDE Web site 2.

  17. Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in a Male Patient With History of Renal Cell Carcinoma Status Post Nephrectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Ezra, Navid; Patel, Sonal; Kashefi, Mehran

    2010-01-01

    Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a condition whose symptoms are recurring attacks of intense nausea, vomiting and sometimes abdominal pain and/or headaches or migraines. Cyclic vomiting usually develops during the childhood ages of 3 - 7; whereas it often remits during adolescence, it can persist into adult life. We report a case of a 57 years old Caucasian male with a history of renal cell carcinoma status post left nephrectomy presenting with a 7 years history of intermittent nausea and vo...

  18. Use of a questionnaire to obtain an alcohol history from those attending an inner city accident and emergency department.

    OpenAIRE

    Barrett, T. G.; Vaughan Williams, C. H.

    1989-01-01

    A screening questionnaire designed to take an alcohol history was used on 996 patients attending the London Hospital Accident and Emergency Department. Questions concerned with 'binge' drinking detected many problem drinkers who were not identified by questions on weekly alcohol intake or 'CAGE' questions. The relative increase in detection was particularly marked in women.

  19. Hemophilia in the newborn without family history: Pattern of clinical presentation of three patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuzmanovi? Miloš

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hemophilia is the most frequently diagnosed inborn clotting factor deficiency in the newborn. In about half of the cases diagnosis is made during neonatal period. However, due to different clinical presentation comparing to older children, hemophilia in the newborn could be misdiagnosed, especially in the setting of negative family history. Case report. Clinical features of three newborns with negative family history for hemophilia are described. All three newborns were the first born children with uneventful perinatal history, and they were referred for investigation of convulsions, soft tissue tumorous mass and sepsis, respectively. Prompt diagnosis of underlying bleeding disorder and adequate substitution therapy lead to the good outcome in all three boys. Conclusion. Symptoms and signs of hemophilia in the newborn could be at time misleading and contribute to delayed treatment. High index of suspicion on inherited bleeding disorder is warranted in every neonate with intracranial bleeding.

  20. Quality of life, dietary intake and nutritional status assessment in hospital admitted cancer patients Calidad de vida, ingesta dietética y valoración del estado nutricional en pacientes ingresados con cáncer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Trabal

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of life (QoL, nutritional status, and quantitative food intakes of non-terminal admitted cancer patients receiving oral feeding. As well as to evaluate what kind of relation exists between the quality of life, and the nutritional status and current intake Scope: Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy Service ward at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Subjects: Fifty admitted patients in the Service ward. Interventions: There was a follow-up of the dietary intake during 3 working days through direct observation, as well as an assessment of anthropometrical and biochemical parameters, a record of symptomatology related data, and a QoL assessment through the EORTC QLQC30 questionnaire. Results: Our data show that 32.6% of the patients did not reach 25 kcal/kg/day, and 23.3% did not even fulfill 1g protein/kg/day. Concerning QoL, mean score for global health status and overall QoL for all patients was 46.2. Compared to the general population, there were important deficits among cancer patients regarding physical, role and social functioning. The most pronounced differences in the symptom scales were for fatigue, and in single items for appetite loss and constipation. A low protein intake was associated to a poorer perception on physical functioning (p=0.01, and fatigue was close to significance (p=0.058. No significant differences were found regarding caloric intake and QoL. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients who received exclusive oral feeding did not cover a minimum acceptable quantity of their protein-energy requirements. Our results point-out that poor food intakes can affect QoL by themselves.Objetivos: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron valorar la calidad de vida (QoL, el estado nutricional y la ingesta dietética cuantitativa realizada en pacientes oncológicos no terminales ingresados que recibieron alimentación oral. Así mismo evaluar qué tipo de relación existe entre la calidad de vida, y el estado nutricional y la ingesta actual. Ámbito: Servicio de Oncología Médica y Radioterapia del Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Sujetos: Cincuenta pacientes ingresados en el Servicio. Intervenciones: Se realizó un seguimiento de la ingesta dietética durante 3 días hábiles mediante observación directa, así como una valoración de los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos, un registro de datos relativos a la sintomatología, y una valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ-C30. Resultados: Nuestros datos muestran que un 32.6% de los pacientes no alcanzaron 25 kcal/kg/día, y un 23.3% no llegaron a cubrir 1 g proteína/kg/día. Respecto a la QoL, la puntuación media para el estado de salud global y la QoL global para todos los pacientes fue 46.2. Comparado con la población general, hubo déficits importantes entre los pacientes oncológicos respecto a la funcionalidad física, de rol y social. Las diferencias más pronunciadas en la escala de síntomas fueron para la fatiga y en los ítems simples, para la pérdida de apetito y el estreñimiento. La baja ingesta de proteínas se asoció con una percepción disminuida en la función física (p=0.01, la fatiga estuvo cerca de la significación estadística (p=0.058. No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la ingesta calórica y la QoL. Conclusión: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes que recibieron alimentación oral exclusiva no cubrieron una cantidad aceptable mínima de sus requerimientos energético-proteicos. Nuestros resultados apuntan que ingestas dietéticas escasas pueden afectar la QoL por sí mismas.

  1. Quality of life, dietary intake and nutritional status assessment in hospital admitted cancer patients / Calidad de vida, ingesta dietética y valoración del estado nutricional en pacientes ingresados con cáncer

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Trabal; P., Leyes; M.ª T., Forga; S., Hervás.

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron valorar la calidad de vida (QoL), el estado nutricional y la ingesta dietética cuantitativa realizada en pacientes oncológicos no terminales ingresados que recibieron alimentación oral. Así mismo evaluar qué tipo de relación existe entre la calidad de [...] vida, y el estado nutricional y la ingesta actual. Ámbito: Servicio de Oncología Médica y Radioterapia del Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Sujetos: Cincuenta pacientes ingresados en el Servicio. Intervenciones: Se realizó un seguimiento de la ingesta dietética durante 3 días hábiles mediante observación directa, así como una valoración de los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos, un registro de datos relativos a la sintomatología, y una valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ-C30. Resultados: Nuestros datos muestran que un 32.6% de los pacientes no alcanzaron 25 kcal/kg/día, y un 23.3% no llegaron a cubrir 1 g proteína/kg/día. Respecto a la QoL, la puntuación media para el estado de salud global y la QoL global para todos los pacientes fue 46.2. Comparado con la población general, hubo déficits importantes entre los pacientes oncológicos respecto a la funcionalidad física, de rol y social. Las diferencias más pronunciadas en la escala de síntomas fueron para la fatiga y en los ítems simples, para la pérdida de apetito y el estreñimiento. La baja ingesta de proteínas se asoció con una percepción disminuida en la función física (p=0.01), la fatiga estuvo cerca de la significación estadística (p=0.058). No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la ingesta calórica y la QoL. Conclusión: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes que recibieron alimentación oral exclusiva no cubrieron una cantidad aceptable mínima de sus requerimientos energético-proteicos. Nuestros resultados apuntan que ingestas dietéticas escasas pueden afectar la QoL por sí mismas. Abstract in english Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of life (QoL), nutritional status, and quantitative food intakes of non-terminal admitted cancer patients receiving oral feeding. As well as to evaluate what kind of relation exists between the quality of life, and the nutritional s [...] tatus and current intake Scope: Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy Service ward at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Subjects: Fifty admitted patients in the Service ward. Interventions: There was a follow-up of the dietary intake during 3 working days through direct observation, as well as an assessment of anthropometrical and biochemical parameters, a record of symptomatology related data, and a QoL assessment through the EORTC QLQC30 questionnaire. Results: Our data show that 32.6% of the patients did not reach 25 kcal/kg/day, and 23.3% did not even fulfill 1g protein/kg/day. Concerning QoL, mean score for global health status and overall QoL for all patients was 46.2. Compared to the general population, there were important deficits among cancer patients regarding physical, role and social functioning. The most pronounced differences in the symptom scales were for fatigue, and in single items for appetite loss and constipation. A low protein intake was associated to a poorer perception on physical functioning (p=0.01), and fatigue was close to significance (p=0.058). No significant differences were found regarding caloric intake and QoL. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients who received exclusive oral feeding did not cover a minimum acceptable quantity of their protein-energy requirements. Our results point-out that poor food intakes can affect QoL by themselves.

  2. How patients built up the practice of the lay homeopath Clemens von Bönninghausen: Quantitative and qualitative aspects of patient history

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marion, Baschin.

    Full Text Available Statistics seem to give little information about individuals' fates. With the help of patient journals, the interwoven connections between quantitative and qualitative aspects of historical research work can be shown. This example focuses on the patients who, between 1829 and 1864, built up the prac [...] tice of the lay homeopath Clemens Maria Franz von Bönninghausen in Münster, Westphalia. Questions of practice, the social structure of the clientele, and the diseases Bönninghausen treated are also considered.

  3. How patients built up the practice of the lay homeopath Clemens von Bönninghausen. Quantitative and qualitative aspects of patient history

    OpenAIRE

    Baschin, Marion

    2011-01-01

    Statistics seem to give little information about individuals’ fates. With the help of patient journals, the interwoven connections between quantitative and qualitative aspects of historical research work can be shown. This example focuses on the patients who, between 1829 and 1864, built up the practice of the lay homeopath Clemens Maria Franz von Bönninghausen in Münster, Westphalia. Questions of practice, the social structure of the clientele, and the diseases Bönninghausen treated are...

  4. Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Chandra, Abhishek; Wormser, Gary P.; Klempner, Mark S.; Trevino, Richard P.; Crow, Mary K.; Latov, Norman; Alaedini, Armin

    2010-01-01

    Some Lyme disease patients report debilitating chronic symptoms of pain, fatigue, and cognitive deficits despite recommended courses of antibiotic treatment. The mechanisms responsible for these symptoms, collectively referred to as post-Lyme disease syndrome (PLS) or chronic Lyme disease, remain unclear. We investigated the presence of immune system abnormalities in PLS by assessing the levels of antibodies to neural proteins in patients and controls. Serum samples from PLS patients, post-Ly...

  5. Family history of the cancer on the survival of the patients with gastrointestinal cancer in northern Iran, using frailty models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasouli Mahboobeh

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gastrointestinal (GI tract cancer is one of the common causes of the mortality due to cancer in most developing countries such as Iran. The digestive tract is the major organ involved in the cancer. The northern part of the country, surrounded the Caspian Sea coast, is well known and the region with highest regional incidence of the GI tract cancer. In this paper our aim is to study the most common risk factors affecting the survival of the patients suffering from GI tract cancer using parametric models with frailty. Methods This research was a prospective study. Information of 484 cases with GI cancer was collected from Babol Cancer Registration Center during 1990-1991. The risk factors we studied are age, sex, family history of cancer, marital status, smoking status, occupation, race, medication status, education, residence (urban, rural, type of cancer, migration status (indigenous, non-native. The studied cases were followed up until 2006 for 15 years. Hazard ratio was used to interpret the death risk. The effect of the factors in the study on the patients survival are studied under a family of parametric models including Weibull, Exponential, Log-normal, and the Log-logistic model. The models are fitted using with and without frailty. The Akaike information criterion (AIC was considered to compare between competing models. Results Out of 484 patients in the study, 321 (66.3% were males and 163 (33.7% were females. The average age of the patient at the time of the diagnosis was 59 yr and 55 yr for the males and females respectively. Furthermore, 359 (74.2% patients suffered from esophageal, 110 (22.7% patients recognized with gastric, and 15 (3.1% patients with colon cancer. Survival rates after 1, 3, and 5 years of the diagnosis were 24%, 16%, and 15%, respectively. We found that the family history of the cancer is a significant factor on the death risk under all statistical models in the study. The comparison of AIC using the Cox and parametric models showed that the overall fitting was improved under parametric models (with and without frailty. Among parametric models, we found better performance for the log-logistic model with gamma frailty than the others. Using this model, gender and the family history of the cancer were found as significant predictors. Conclusions Results suggested that the early preventative care for patients with family history of the cancer may decrease the risk of the death in the patients with GI cancer. The gender appeared to be an important factor as well so that men experiencing lower risk of death than the women in the study. Since the proportionality assumption of the Cox model was not held (p = 0.0014, the Cox regression model was not an appropriate choice for analysing our data.

  6. Prior CT imaging history for patients who undergo PAN CT for acute traumatic injury

    OpenAIRE

    Kenter, Jeremy; Blow, Osbert; Scott P. Krall; Gest, Albert; Smith, Cynthia; Richman, Peter B.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. A single PAN scan may provide more radiation to a patient than is felt to be safe within a one-year period. Our objective was to determine how many patients admitted to the trauma service following a PAN scan had prior CT imaging within our six-hospital system.

  7. Ruptured Heterotopic Tubal Pregnancy for a Patient with a History of Segmental Salpingectomy from Ectopic Pregnancy: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Kyung Bum; Namkung, Sook; Hong, Myung Sun; Kim, Heung Cheol; Cho, Young; Choi, Young Hee [Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chyncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    Heterotopic pregnancy refers to the simultaneous development of an intrauterine pregnancy and an extrauterine pregnancy. We experienced a case of a ruptured heterotopic pregnancy for a patient with a history of a right segmental salpingectomy from an ectopic pregnancy. The 30-year-old patient with amenorrhea for six weeks complained of lower abdominal pain with hypovolemic shock. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed diffuse hemoperitoneum with a structure similar to an ectatic tube or a deformed cyst with no echogenic double ring or peripheral hypervascularity in the right adnexa and an intrauterine gestational sac. We considered a ruptured corpus luteum cyst as an ultrasonographic finding and found a ruptured tubal mass in the right salpinx and hemoperitoneum through an emergency laparotomy. We performed a right salpingectomy, and the histopathologic report confirmed ectopic pregnancy.

  8. [Controlled release melatonin (Circadin) in the treatment of insomnia in older patients: efficacy and safety in patients with history of use and non-use of hypnotic drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zisapel, Nava

    2009-05-01

    Circadin is a prolonged-release 2 mg melatonin formulation which, when taken before bedtime, mimics the physiological pattern of the endogenous hormone excreted during the night. It was approved by the EU-EMEA in June 2007 for the short-term treatment of primary insomnia characterized by poor quality of sleep in patients aged 55 or over. Placebo controlled clinical trials demonstrated, beyond the shortening of sleep Latency seen with traditional hypnotics, concomitant improvements in sleep quality and next day alertness and subsequently, quality of life. In contrast to traditional sedative hypnotics, Circadin has shown no evidence of impairing cognitive and psychomotor skills, of rebound, dependence or abuse potential and no significant adverse events compared to placebo. It can be used concomitantly with most medications but may potentiate the effects of GABA-A receptor modulators. Analyses presented here show that Circadin has comparable efficacy and safety in patients with and without history of hypnotic drug use. PMID:19630367

  9. KCNQ1 mutations in patients with a family history of lethal cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, S.; Zhang, L.; Bryant, Rm; Vincent, Gm; Flippin, M.; Lee, Jc; Brown, E.; Zimmerman, F.; Rozich, R.; Szafranski, P.; Oberti, C.; Sterba, R.; Marangi, D.; Tchou, Pj; Chung, Mk

    2003-01-01

    Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is the prototype of the cardiac ion channelopathies which cause syncope and sudden death. LQT1, due to mutations of KCNQ1 (KVLQT1), is the most common form. This study describes the genotype–phenotype characteristics in 10 families with mutations of KCNQ1, including 5 novel mutations. One hundred and two families with a history of lethal cardiac events, 55 LQTS, 9 Brugada syndrome, 18 idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF), and 20 acquired LQTS, were studied by si...

  10. Death from axillary haemorrhage during haemodialysis in a patient with a history of microscopic polyangiitis

    OpenAIRE

    Unuma, Kana; Uozaki, Hiroshi; Kuroda, Ryouhei; Uemura, Koichi; Yoshida, Ken-ichi

    2012-01-01

    An older female with a history of microscopic polyangiitis underwent haemodialysis through an end-to-side anastomosis between the left basilica vein and brachial artery. During the last haemodialysis session, repeated punctures induced haemorrhage that required brachial compression. Twenty min posthaemodialysis, haemorrhage had expanded from the axilla to the left lateral thorax. Autopsy disclosed axillary haematoma. The haemorrhage was not derived from punctured vessels or the left axillary ...

  11. Mortality in cancer patients with a history of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma - a nationwide population-based cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannesdottir Sigrun

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC is associated with underlying immunosuppression, so it may be a prognostic marker in patients with subsequent cancer. We therefore conducted a nationwide population-based Danish cohort study to evaluate whether a history of cutaneuos SCC has prognostic impact in patients with one of the following index cancers: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, or cancer of the lung, colon, rectum, breast, or prostate. Methods We used Danish medical databases, which cover the entire Danish population of 5.6 million inhabitants and linked them using the unique personal identification number assigned to all Danish residents. From 1982 through 2003, we identified 745 index cancer patients with and 79,143 without previous cutaneous SCC. Using Cox proportional hazards regression, we calculated adjusted mortality rate ratios (MRRs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs. Results Overall, previous SCC was associated with an increased mortality of cancer (MRR 1.13, 95% CI: 1.04-1.23. When examining index cancers separately, increased MRRs were found for cancer of the lung (MRR 1.23, 95% CI: 1.05-1.43, colon (MRR 1.13, 95% CI: 0.92-1.40, rectum (MRR 1.29, 95% CI: 1.00-1.67, breast (MRR 1.09, 95% CI: 0.82-1.43, and NHL (MRR 1.09, 95% CI: 0.81-1.47, but not for prostate cancer (MRR 0.99, 95% CI: 0.83-1.18. Conclusions Our results suggest that previous cutaneous SCC is associated with poor prognosis of some cancers. This finding stresses the importance of adherence to the existing recommendations of screening, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in patients with a history of SCC.

  12. Wernicke’s Encephalopathy in a Patient with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

    OpenAIRE

    Law, Huong Ling; Tan, Suzet; Sedi, Rosleena

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of Wernicke’s encephalopathy in a patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma with a 3-month history of poor oral intake related to nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy. The patient later developed deep coma while receiving in-patient therapy. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed typical findings of Wernicke’s encephalopathy. The patient was treated with thiamine injections, which resulted in subsequent partial recovery of neurological function. This paper stress...

  13. Voluntary Alcohol Intake following Blast Exposure in a Rat Model of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Yi Wei; Meyer, Nathan P.; Shah, Alok S.; Budde, Matthew D.; Stemper, Brian D.; Olsen, Christopher M.

    2015-01-01

    Alcoholism is a frequent comorbidity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), even in patients without a previous history of alcohol dependence. Despite this correlational relationship, the extent to which the neurological effects of mTBI contribute to the development of alcoholism is unknown. In this study, we used a rodent blast exposure model to investigate the relationship between mTBI and voluntary alcohol drinking in alcohol naïve rats. We have previously demonstrated in Sprague Dawley rats that blast exposure leads to microstructural abnormalities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions that progress from four to thirty days. The mPFC is a brain region implicated in alcoholism and drug addiction, although the impact of mTBI on drug reward and addiction using controlled models remains largely unexplored. Alcohol naïve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to a blast model of mTBI (or sham conditions) and then tested in several common measures of voluntary alcohol intake. In a seven-week intermittent two-bottle choice alcohol drinking test, sham and blast exposed rats had comparable levels of alcohol intake. In a short access test session at the conclusion of the two-bottle test, blast rats fell into a bimodal distribution, and among high intake rats, blast treated animals had significantly elevated intake compared to shams. We found no effect of blast when rats were tested for an alcohol deprivation effect or compulsive drinking in a quinine adulteration test. Throughout the experiment, alcohol drinking was modest in both groups, consistent with other studies using Sprague Dawley rats. In conclusion, blast exposure had a minimal impact on overall alcohol intake in Sprague Dawley rats, although intake was increased in a subpopulation of blast animals in a short access session following intermittent access exposure. PMID:25910266

  14. Voluntary Alcohol Intake following Blast Exposure in a Rat Model of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Yi Wei; Meyer, Nathan P; Shah, Alok S; Budde, Matthew D; Stemper, Brian D; Olsen, Christopher M

    2015-01-01

    Alcoholism is a frequent comorbidity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), even in patients without a previous history of alcohol dependence. Despite this correlational relationship, the extent to which the neurological effects of mTBI contribute to the development of alcoholism is unknown. In this study, we used a rodent blast exposure model to investigate the relationship between mTBI and voluntary alcohol drinking in alcohol naïve rats. We have previously demonstrated in Sprague Dawley rats that blast exposure leads to microstructural abnormalities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions that progress from four to thirty days. The mPFC is a brain region implicated in alcoholism and drug addiction, although the impact of mTBI on drug reward and addiction using controlled models remains largely unexplored. Alcohol naïve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to a blast model of mTBI (or sham conditions) and then tested in several common measures of voluntary alcohol intake. In a seven-week intermittent two-bottle choice alcohol drinking test, sham and blast exposed rats had comparable levels of alcohol intake. In a short access test session at the conclusion of the two-bottle test, blast rats fell into a bimodal distribution, and among high intake rats, blast treated animals had significantly elevated intake compared to shams. We found no effect of blast when rats were tested for an alcohol deprivation effect or compulsive drinking in a quinine adulteration test. Throughout the experiment, alcohol drinking was modest in both groups, consistent with other studies using Sprague Dawley rats. In conclusion, blast exposure had a minimal impact on overall alcohol intake in Sprague Dawley rats, although intake was increased in a subpopulation of blast animals in a short access session following intermittent access exposure. PMID:25910266

  15. Indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar como preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística / Anthropometric and dietary intake indicators as predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gabriele Carra, Forte; Juliane Silva, Pereira; Michele, Drehmer; Miriam Isabel Souza dos Santos, Simon.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar se indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar são preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 69 pacientes (variação, 5,4-16,5 anos de idade) diagnosticados com FC e em acompanhamento no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto [...] Alegre, em Porto Alegre (RS). A avaliação antropométrica consistiu nas medidas do índice de massa corpórea (IMC), da circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) e da dobra cutânea tricipital (DCT). A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada pelo recordatório de ingestão habitual e comparada com recommended dietary allowances. A avaliação da função pulmonar foi realizada através da capacidade ventilatória, representada pelo VEF1. Razões de prevalência foram calculadas entre os preditores e o desfecho estudado (VEF1 Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether anthropometric and dietary intake indicators are predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 69 patients (age range, 5.4-16.5 years) diagnosed with CF under follow-up at the Hospital de Clínicas [...] de Porto Alegre, located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Anthropometric assessment was based on body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and triceps skinfold thickness (TST). Dietary intake was assessed by using recall data, which were compared with the recommended dietary allowances. Pulmonary function was assessed by ventilatory capacity, expressed as FEV1. Prevalence ratios for the outcome studied (FEV1

  16. Mysterious "Monsieur Leborgne": The mystery of the famous patient in the history of neuropsychology is explained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domanski, Cezary W

    2013-01-01

    As of spring 2011, 150 years have passed since the death of one of the most famous neurological patients of the nineteenth century. A Frenchman, "Monsieur Leborgne" also known by the nickname "Tan," was hospitalized due to an almost complete loss of speech. His case was presented in 1861, during a seating of the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris by a physician, Pierre Paul Broca (1824-1880), who used this occasion to report that he had discovered, in the middle part of patient's left frontal lobe, the cortical speech center. This area was later named "Broca's area." Both the patient and his medical records were the subject of numerous descriptions and citations in the medical literature. The patient's full identity and social background has remained a mystery until now. This article presents biographical data concerning Leborgne and his family based on archive registers in France. PMID:23323531

  17. Using Michael Ondaatje's "The English Patient" To Teach World History: From Herodotus to Hiroshima.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkana, Linda Kelly

    2000-01-01

    Describes the content of the book "The English Patient" (Michael Ondaatje) and presents teaching strategies. Focuses on the major themes in the book and the four characters who reside at an Italian villa during World War II. (CMK)

  18. PATIENTS WITH END STAGE CANCER: LIFE HISTORY, PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL ASPECTS, RELATIONSHIP WITH THE NURSING STAFF.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanete Ribeiro do Nascimento

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Breast cancer is one of the cancers most feared by women for its high incidence and its psychological effects that affect the perception of sexuality and self-image. Objective: To identify the difficulties of nursing professionals in the treatment of patients with cancer, from the standpoint of a terminally ill patient of breast cancer. Methodology: This is a case study of a patient who is in the terminal stages of breast cancer. We carried out the survey of literature in journals indexed the databases LILACS and SciELO Open Access and English, on terminally ill cancer. Results: Feelings of loneliness and sadness were softened and smoothed by the attitude and disposition of nursing professionals. In moments of intervention needs of physical care, nursing care was provided. Conclusion: The nursing staff has always demonstrated skills in treating patients with cancer, providing quality care, humane and comprehensive, meeting all your needs biopsicoespiritual.

  19. Usual Intake of Cheese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Cheese Table A36. Cheese: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 cup equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.4 (0.03) 0.1 (0.02) 0.1

  20. Usual Intake of Poultry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Poultry Table A26. Poultry: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.9 (0.03) 0.3 (0.05) 0.4

  1. Usual Intake of Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Energy Table A44. Energy: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 kilocalories Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 1426.1 (17.93) 963.7 (18.47) 1052.5

  2. Radiology clinical synopsis: a simple solution for obtaining an adequate clinical history for the accurate reporting of imaging studies on patients in intensive care units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lack of clinical history on radiology requisitions is a universal problem. We describe a simple Web-based system that readily provides radiology-relevant clinical history to the radiologist reading radiographs of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Along with the relevant history, which includes primary and secondary diagnoses, disease progression and complications, the system provides the patient's name, record number and hospital location. This information is immediately available to reporting radiologists. New clinical information is immediately entered on-line by the radiologists as they are reviewing images. After patient discharge, the data are stored and immediately available if the patient is readmitted. The system has been in routine clinical use in our hospital for nearly 2 years. (orig.)

  3. Is nutrient intake a gender-specific cause for enhanced susceptibility to alcohol-induced liver disease in women?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagnerberger, S.; Schafer, C.

    2008-01-01

    Aim: Women have a higher susceptibility to alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) than men. Gender-related differences in food preference were described in previous studies for several populations, but not in alcohol abusers. As certain micronutrients are reported to take influence on the development of ALD in animal experiments, the hypothesis of the present retrospective cross-sectional study was that gender-dependent (micro-) nutrient intake in patients with ALD may cause the higher susceptibility of women to this disease. Methods: In 210 patients (male: 158, female: 52) with different stages of ALD (ALD1: mild stage of liver damage; ALD2: moderately severe changes of the liver with signs of hepatic inflammation; ALD3: severely impaired liver function) and in 336 controls (male: 208, female: 128), nutrient intake was determined by a computer-guided diet history, and related to the severity of ALD in dependence on the sex of the patients. Results: No significant differences between males and females with ALD were calculated for the intake (per kg body weight/day) of protein, carbohydrates, fat, and the intake (per kg body weight/day) of most micronutrients. In females with ALD, higher intake was found for vitamin C (ALD3), calcium (ALD2), iron (ALD1 and ALD2), and zinc (ALD1), but the consumption of none of these micronutrients seems to contribute to a higher susceptibility to ALD in females. Conclusion: Though the present study confirms the higher susceptibility to ALD in women, the data of calculated daily macro- and micronutrient intake do not suggest any explicit influence of gender-specific nutrition in the development of ALD.

  4. The natural history of carotid arterial disease in asymptomatic patients with cervical bruits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roederer, G O; Langlois, Y E; Jager, K A; Primozich, J F; Beach, K W; Phillips, D J; Strandness, D E

    1984-01-01

    A prospective study was initiated in January 1980 to follow with Duplex scanning a consecutive series of 167 asymptomatic patients with cervical bruits. Patients were seen at six month intervals for the first year and yearly thereafter. Based on previously validated criteria, disease at the carotid bifurcation was classified into 6 categories: Normal, 1-15% diameter reduction, 16-49%, 50-79%, 80-99%, and occlusion. Patients were evaluated to assess: the occurrence of new neurological symptoms, the stability of the lesions at the carotid bifurcation, and the possible role of risk indicators on disease changes. During follow-up, ten patients became symptomatic (6 with TIA's and 4 with stroke). The development of symptoms was accompanied by disease progression in 8 patients. By life table analysis, the annual rate occurrence of symptoms was 4%. The mean annual rate of disease progression to a greater than 50% stenosis was 8%. When progression in all categories was considered, 60% of the sides showed some disease aggravation. The presence of or progression to a greater than 80% stenosis was highly correlated (p = 0.00001) with either the development of a total occlusion of the internal carotid artery or new symptoms. The major risk factors associated with disease progression were cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, and age. Those patients under 65 years of age were most likely to show progression. Despite high rates of disease progression, this study further supports the contention that it is prudent to follow a conservative course in the management of asymptomatic patients presenting with a cervical bruit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:6464052

  5. Histórico de violência intrafamiliar em pacientes psiquiátricos Histórico de violencia intrafamiliar en pacientes psiquiátricos Family violence history in psychiatric patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo da Costa Padovani

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi caracterizar o histórico de violência intrafamiliar em pacientes psiquiátricos inseridos em tratamento de regime ambulatorial. Pretendeu-se, mais especificamente, identificar o tipo de violência vivenciada pelos usuários. Participaram do estudo 23 pacientes de ambos os sexos, em tratamento ambulatorial. A coleta de dados envolveu a aplicação de um roteiro de entrevista individual, com informações sobre o histórico de internação e violência intrafamiliar e com descrição da infância, dentre outros itens. Apenas um dentre 23 participantes relatou ausência de histórico de violência intrafamiliar, 20 participantes indicaram histórico infantil de maus tratos físicos e psicológicos. Na fase adulta, dos 13 participantes que declararam viver com parceiros/parceiras no presente ou no passado, 8 participantes do sexo feminino relataram agressividade por parte do companheiro e 2 participantes do sexo masculino afirmaram ter agredido as esposas no passado. Com relação à violência sexual, 5 participantes relataram ter experienciado relação sexual forçada por parte do parceiro e um participante relatou ter abusado sexualmente da parceira. Os resultados chamam a atenção pela alta freqüência e pela gravidade de episódios de violência intrafamiliar, que evidenciam a necessidade de se replicar o estudo com amostras maiores e, na prática clínica, investigar tais questões rotineiramente, uma vez que sua esquiva pode contribuir para o processo de adoecimento psíquico.El objetivo de la presente pesquisa fue caracterizar el histórico de violencia intrafamiliar en pacientes psiquiátricos inseridos en tratamiento de régimen ambulatorial. Se pretendió, más específicamente, identificar el tipo de violencia vivida por los usuarios. Participaron del estudio 23 pacientes de ambos los sexos, en tratamiento ambulatorial. La recogida de datos implicó en la aplicación de un guión de entrevista individual, con informaciones sobre el histórico de internación y violencia intrafamiliar y con descripción de la infancia, entre otros apartados. Apenas uno entre 23 participantes relató ausencia de histórico de violencia intrafamiliar. 20 participantes indicaron histórico infantil de maltratos físicos y psicológicos. En la fase adulta, de los 13 participantes que declararon vivir con compañeros/compañeras en el presente o en el pasado, 8 participantes del sexo femenino relataron agresividad por parte del compañero, y 2 participantes del sexo masculino afirmaron haber agredido las esposas en el pasado. Con relación a la violencia sexual, 5 participantes relataron haber probado relación sexual forzada por parte del compañero y un participante relató haber abusado sexualmente de la compañera. Los resultados llaman la atención por la alta frecuencia y por la gravedad de episodios de violencia intrafamiliar, que evidencian la necesidad de repetir el estudio con muestras mayores y, en la práctica clínica, investigar tales cuestiones rutinariamente, una vez que su esquiva puede aportar para el proceso de enfermedad psíquica.The goal of this study was to characterize the family violence history among psychiatric patients in a mental health outpatient clinic. More specifically, identification of the modality of violence experienced by the patients was intended. Twenty three psychiatric patients who attended the clinic took part of the study. The instrument used to collect data was a semi-structured interview, with questions related to patient’s mental health and family violence history, as well as childhood description, among other topics. Only one out of 23 patients reported an absence of family violence history. Twenty participants indicated a history of physical or emotional abuse during childhood. In their adult phase, of the 13 participants who reported having lived with an intimate partner, eight female participants reported aggressive behavior by partners, and two male participants reported perpetrating aggressive episodes to their wives, in

  6. Histórico de violência intrafamiliar em pacientes psiquiátricos / Family violence history in psychiatric patients / Histórico de violencia intrafamiliar en pacientes psiquiátricos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo da Costa, Padovani; Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Williams.

    Full Text Available O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi caracterizar o histórico de violência intrafamiliar em pacientes psiquiátricos inseridos em tratamento de regime ambulatorial. Pretendeu-se, mais especificamente, identificar o tipo de violência vivenciada pelos usuários. Participaram do estudo 23 pacientes de amb [...] os os sexos, em tratamento ambulatorial. A coleta de dados envolveu a aplicação de um roteiro de entrevista individual, com informações sobre o histórico de internação e violência intrafamiliar e com descrição da infância, dentre outros itens. Apenas um dentre 23 participantes relatou ausência de histórico de violência intrafamiliar, 20 participantes indicaram histórico infantil de maus tratos físicos e psicológicos. Na fase adulta, dos 13 participantes que declararam viver com parceiros/parceiras no presente ou no passado, 8 participantes do sexo feminino relataram agressividade por parte do companheiro e 2 participantes do sexo masculino afirmaram ter agredido as esposas no passado. Com relação à violência sexual, 5 participantes relataram ter experienciado relação sexual forçada por parte do parceiro e um participante relatou ter abusado sexualmente da parceira. Os resultados chamam a atenção pela alta freqüência e pela gravidade de episódios de violência intrafamiliar, que evidenciam a necessidade de se replicar o estudo com amostras maiores e, na prática clínica, investigar tais questões rotineiramente, uma vez que sua esquiva pode contribuir para o processo de adoecimento psíquico. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de la presente pesquisa fue caracterizar el histórico de violencia intrafamiliar en pacientes psiquiátricos inseridos en tratamiento de régimen ambulatorial. Se pretendió, más específicamente, identificar el tipo de violencia vivida por los usuarios. Participaron del estudio 23 pacientes [...] de ambos los sexos, en tratamiento ambulatorial. La recogida de datos implicó en la aplicación de un guión de entrevista individual, con informaciones sobre el histórico de internación y violencia intrafamiliar y con descripción de la infancia, entre otros apartados. Apenas uno entre 23 participantes relató ausencia de histórico de violencia intrafamiliar. 20 participantes indicaron histórico infantil de maltratos físicos y psicológicos. En la fase adulta, de los 13 participantes que declararon vivir con compañeros/compañeras en el presente o en el pasado, 8 participantes del sexo femenino relataron agresividad por parte del compañero, y 2 participantes del sexo masculino afirmaron haber agredido las esposas en el pasado. Con relación a la violencia sexual, 5 participantes relataron haber probado relación sexual forzada por parte del compañero y un participante relató haber abusado sexualmente de la compañera. Los resultados llaman la atención por la alta frecuencia y por la gravedad de episodios de violencia intrafamiliar, que evidencian la necesidad de repetir el estudio con muestras mayores y, en la práctica clínica, investigar tales cuestiones rutinariamente, una vez que su esquiva puede aportar para el proceso de enfermedad psíquica. Abstract in english The goal of this study was to characterize the family violence history among psychiatric patients in a mental health outpatient clinic. More specifically, identification of the modality of violence experienced by the patients was intended. Twenty three psychiatric patients who attended the clinic to [...] ok part of the study. The instrument used to collect data was a semi-structured interview, with questions related to patient’s mental health and family violence history, as well as childhood description, among other topics. Only one out of 23 patients reported an absence of family violence history. Twenty participants indicated a history of physical or emotional abuse during childhood. In their adult phase, of the 13 participants who reported having lived with an intimate partner, eight female participants reported aggressive behavior by partners, and two male participants

  7. Insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus: history drives patient care toward a better future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Cheryl R

    2013-04-01

    "Insulin will never be a success in the treatment of diabetics without the aid of the general practitioner."(1) These words, written by Elliott P. Joslin, MD, in 1923, still ring true today. After the first successful insulin injection was administered on January 23, 1922, to Leonard Thompson, a 14-year-old patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus at Toronto General Hospital, it did not take long before a diabetes clinic using insulin treatment was set up.(2) Insulin was subsequently provided to physicians in the United States for clinical trials, although many US patients with diabetes mellitus presented themselves to Sir Frederick Banting, MD, co-discover of insulin, in Toronto for insulin treatment. Within 2 years, insulin was being manufactured by multiple pharmaceutical companies and was available commercially in both the United States and Canada.(2) Almost immediately, health care professionals and others identified the problem of who was going to care for all of these patients. Patients were arriving at diabetes clinics expecting to receive insulin, often overwhelming the few physicians who were educated on the care of diabetic patients. For this reason, the physicians and nurses at the New England Deaconess Hospital in Boston initiated a teaching program so that general practitioners could learn all aspects of the management of diabetes. PMID:23545889

  8. Spontaneous simultaneous bilateral malignant glaucoma of a patient with no antecedent history of medical or surgical eye diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarade EF

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Elias F Jarade,1,2 Ali Dirani,3 Elyse Jabbour,3 Joelle Antoun,3 Karim F Tomey11Beirut Eye Specialist Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Mediclinic Dubai Mall, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 3Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, LebanonPurpose: Malignant glaucoma, or aqueous misdirection syndrome, is a condition characterized by sudden intraocular pressure (IOP elevation, and it is usually unilateral and induced by ocular surgical intervention or by medical therapy. Here, we report a case of simultaneous bilateral malignant glaucoma in a young patient with no history of any ocular diseases.Case report: A case of a 24-year-old female with no apparent previous history of ocular medical or surgical conditions was referred to our hospital because of recent bilateral IOP elevation associated with a severe drop in vision and shallow anterior chamber with no posterior segment anomalies detected by ocular ultrasound in both eyes. Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG laser iridotomy dropped the IOP only temporarily and the patient received topical atropine treatment with combined trabeculectomy and anterior vitrectomy.Results: In this case, the patient had a typical presentation of bilateral malignant glaucoma and her IOP dropped only temporarily following laser iridotomy to rise again shortly thereafter. Also, deepening of the anterior chamber and IOP decrease after topical atropine was very supportive of the diagnosis of malignant glaucoma. Successful management with trabeculectomy and limited vitrectomy also affirmed the diagnosis of malignant glaucoma.Conclusion: This is a very rare case of bilateral malignant glaucoma in a young adult without any prior eye conditions; only one similar case has been reported in the literature. We propose our own theory regarding this simultaneous occurrence of the pathology based on previously published studies about the presence of communication between the two eyes along the ­cerebrospinal fluid pathways.Keywords: intraocular pressure, iridotomy, malignant glaucoma, young adult

  9. Persistence of cccDNA during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B and decline during adefovir dipivoxil therapy. : cccDNA levels in chronic hepatitis B patients

    OpenAIRE

    Werle-Lapostolle, Bettina; Bowden, Scott; LOCARNINI, STEPHEN; Wursthorn, Karsten; Petersen, Jorg; LAU, GEORGE; Trepo, Christian; Marcellin, Patrick; Goodman, Zachary; Delaney, William; Xiong, Shelly; Brosgart, Carol,; Chen, Shan-Shan; Gibbs, Craig; Zoulim, Fabien

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) is a unique episomal replicative intermediate responsible for persistent infection of hepatocytes. Technical constraints have hampered the direct study of cccDNA maintenance and clearance mechanisms in patients. The aim of this study was to develop a sensitive and specific assay for quantifying cccDNA in biopsy samples from chronic hepatitis B patients during different natural history phases and in patients und...

  10. Chronic cavitary pulmonary histoplasmosis in a non-HIV and immunocompromised patient without overseas travel history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Eun Ju; Park, Dae Won; Choi, Jung-Woo; Choi, Won Suk

    2015-05-01

    Korea is not known as an endemic area for Histoplasma. However, we experienced a case of histoplasmosis in a person who had never been abroad. A 65-year-old female was admitted to the hospital for evaluation of multiple lung nodules. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest showed multiple ill-defined consolidations and cavitations in all lobes of both lungs. The patient underwent a CT-guided lung biopsy, and a histopathology study showed findings compatible with histoplasmosis. Based on biopsy results and clinical findings, the patient was diagnosed with chronic cavitary pulmonary histoplasmosis. The patient recovered completely following itraconazole treatment. This is the first case report of pulmonary histoplasmosis unconnected with either HIV infection or endemicity in Korea. PMID:25837199

  11. [Useful device for hepatectomy in patients with a surgical history of bile duct-GI tract anastomosis at the porta hepatis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amikura, Katsumi; Sakamoto, Hirohiko; Takahashi, Amane; Ogura, Toshiro; Omichi, Kiyohiko; Ehara, Kazuhisa; Fukuda, Takashi; Yatsuoka, Toshimasa; Kawashima, Yoshiyuki; Tanaka, Yoichi

    2014-11-01

    We experienced three hepatectomies in patients with a history of bile duct-gastrointestinal (GI) tract anastomosis at the porta hepatis. Patient 1 had a history of pancreaticoduodenectomy for bile duct cancer. Because the third liver metastasis of cecal cancer postoperatively invaded the right kidney, after 5 courses of FOLFOX we performed partial resection of the liver (S6) and the right kidney using microwave pre-coagulation and a cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) without the Pringle method. Patient 2 had a history of splenectomy for congenital spherocytosis, cholecystectomy, choledocholithotomy, and bile duct duodenal anastomosis for hepatolithiasis. Partial (S5) liver resection was performed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma. Patient 3 had a history of bile duct resection and choledochojejunostomy for congenital cystic dilatation of the common bile duct. She had repeated episodes of cholangitis in the year following surgery. Extended liver segmental (S4) resection was performed to treat intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma. Bile duct jejunum anastomosis was performed, and the portal vein and the hepatic artery in the porta hepatis were exfoliated. Hepatectomy was performed using the Pringle method and a CUSA. Surgical procedures using various devices are necessary for hepatectomy in patients with a history of bile duct-GI tract anastomosis at the porta hepatis. PMID:25731231

  12. Persistent Genital Arousal Disorder: Confluent Patient History of Agitated Depression, Paroxetine Cessation, and a Tarlov Cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Hans Mørch

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a woman suffering from persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) after paroxetine cessation. She was admitted to a psychiatric department and diagnosed with agitated depression. Physical investigation showed no gynaecological or neurological explanation; however, a pelvic MRI scan revealed a Tarlov cyst. Size and placement of the cyst could not explain the patient's symptoms; thus neurosurgical approach would not be helpful. Her depression was treated with antidepressant with little effect. Electroconvulsive therapy improved the patient's symptoms though they did not fully resolve. More awareness of PGAD and thorough interdisciplinary conferences are necessary to insure an unequivocal treatment strategy. PMID:25525548

  13. Persistent genital arousal disorder : confluent patient history of agitated depression, paroxetine cessation, and a tarlov cyst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eibye, Simone; Jensen, Hans MØrch

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a woman suffering from persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) after paroxetine cessation. She was admitted to a psychiatric department and diagnosed with agitated depression. Physical investigation showed no gynaecological or neurological explanation; however, a pelvic MRI scan revealed a Tarlov cyst. Size and placement of the cyst could not explain the patient's symptoms; thus neurosurgical approach would not be helpful. Her depression was treated with antidepressant with little effect. Electroconvulsive therapy improved the patient's symptoms though they did not fully resolve. More awareness of PGAD and thorough interdisciplinary conferences are necessary to insure an unequivocal treatment strategy.

  14. Persistent genital arousal disorder: confluent patient history of agitated depression, paroxetine cessation, and a tarlov cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eibye, Simone; Jensen, Hans Mørch

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a woman suffering from persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) after paroxetine cessation. She was admitted to a psychiatric department and diagnosed with agitated depression. Physical investigation showed no gynaecological or neurological explanation; however, a pelvic MRI scan revealed a Tarlov cyst. Size and placement of the cyst could not explain the patient's symptoms; thus neurosurgical approach would not be helpful. Her depression was treated with antidepressant with little effect. Electroconvulsive therapy improved the patient's symptoms though they did not fully resolve. More awareness of PGAD and thorough interdisciplinary conferences are necessary to insure an unequivocal treatment strategy. PMID:25525548

  15. Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids

    OpenAIRE

    Patrícia Constante Jaime; Alex Antonio Florindo; Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre; Aluísio Augusto Cotrim Segurado

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study population was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/ki...

  16. Habitual rapid food intake and ineffective esophageal motility

    OpenAIRE

    Kong-Ling Li; Ji-Hong Chen; Qian Zhang; Huizinga, Jan D.; Shawn Vadakepeedika; Yu-Rong Zhao; Wen-Zhen Yu; He-Sheng Luo

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To study non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) in relation to ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) and rapid food intake. METHODS: NCCP patients with a self-reported habit of fast eating underwent esophageal manometry for the diagnosis of IEM. Telephone interviews identified eating habits of additional IEM patients. Comparison of manometric features was done among IEM patients with and without the habit of rapid food intake and healthy controls. A case study investigated the effect of 6-mo gum ...

  17. Treating mood disorders in patients with a history of intestinal surgery: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloret-Linares, Célia; Bellivier, Frank; Heron, Kyle; Besson, Marie

    2015-05-01

    Bariatric surgery is increasingly being performed, with the intended benefits of significant and durable weight loss. Radical surgical resection can result in short bowel syndrome (SBS), a rare and devastating condition. Psychological distress is common in these patients. Relevant articles were identified by searching Pubmed and EMBASE databases with the following keywords: 'Bariatrics'[Mesh] OR 'Short Bowel Syndrome' AND 'Antidepressive Agents' OR 'Psychotropic Drugs'[Mesh]. One in-vitro study, four clinical studies and six relevant case reports were identified. Most clinical studies on antidepressant focused on the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB); these results are somewhat conflicting for a variety of reasons including different methodologies and small sample sizes. One month after RYGB, in patients receiving serotonin or serotonin/noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, antidepressant levels decrease to 50% of preoperative levels and return to baseline (or greater) by 6 months in almost all patients. Other pharmacokinetic studies have shown that, 1 year after RYGB, duloxetine and sertraline levels are significantly reduced in comparison with the control population. Paradoxically, in patients with SBS and a few years after surgery, high concentration to dose ratios have been reported for citalopram and escitalopram; this may be because of an intestinal adaptation. Surgery of the intestine is likely to modify absorption and first-pass metabolism of drugs; managing the treatment of depression and anxiety in bariatric and SBS patients therefore presents a major challenge. Close clinical follow-up, associated with therapeutic drug monitoring when available, should enable the optimization of treatment response and modulate the risk of adverse events. PMID:25768383

  18. Death from axillary haemorrhage during haemodialysis in a patient with a history of microscopic polyangiitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unuma, Kana; Uozaki, Hiroshi; Kuroda, Ryouhei; Uemura, Koichi; Yoshida, Ken-ichi

    2012-01-01

    An older female with a history of microscopic polyangiitis underwent haemodialysis through an end-to-side anastomosis between the left basilica vein and brachial artery. During the last haemodialysis session, repeated punctures induced haemorrhage that required brachial compression. Twenty min posthaemodialysis, haemorrhage had expanded from the axilla to the left lateral thorax. Autopsy disclosed axillary haematoma. The haemorrhage was not derived from punctured vessels or the left axillary artery. Although neither an alveolar nor a glomerular microscopic polyangiitis lesion was detected, fragility of the axillary small vessels due to microscopic polyangiitis, ageing, atherosclerosis and steroid therapy were underlying factors in the haematoma. Aspirin and heparin may have promoted haemorrhage, while shunt vessel stenosis with disturbed flow may have increased the axillary vessel pressure when the shunt vessels were compressed for haemostasis. This is the first report of a death due to haemorrhage from ruptured axillary vessels related to haemodialysis or microscopic polyangiitis. PMID:22665880

  19. Differences in trauma history and psychopathology between PTSD patients with and without co-occurring dissociative disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Wabnitz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The interplay between different types of potentially traumatizing events, posttraumatic symptoms, and the pathogenesis of PTSD or major dissociative disorders (DD has been extensively studied during the last decade. However, the phenomenology and nosological classification of posttraumatic disorders is currently under debate. The current study was conducted to investigate differences between PTSD patients with and without co-occurring major DD with regard to general psychopathology, trauma history, and trauma-specific symptoms. Methods: Twenty-four inpatients were administered the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS and the Mini-Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (MINI-SKID-D to assess DD and PTSD. Additionally, participants completed questionnaires to assess general psychopathology and health status. Results: Symptom profiles and axis I comorbidity were similar in all patients. Traumatic experiences did not differ between the two groups, with both reporting high levels of childhood trauma. Only trauma-specific avoidance behavior and dissociative symptoms differed between groups. Conclusion: Results support the view that PTSD and DD are affiliated disorders that could be classified within the same diagnostic category. Our results accord with a typological model of dissociation in which profound forms of dissociation are specific to DD and are accompanied with higher levels of trauma-specific avoidance in DD patients.

  20. Ultrasound diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in the patient having a history of total thyroidectomy due to thyroid malignancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study aimed to assess the accuracy of ultrasound (US) diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy. During a follow up period after total thyroidectomy, due to known thyroid malignancy, 41 patients underwent US diagnosis and US guided fine needle aspiration for retrojugular lymphadenopathy. Each lymphadenopathy was prospectively classified by a single radiologist into 1 of 3 diagnostic categories: 'benign', 'indeterminate for malignancy', and 'malignant'. Based on the cytohistopathology result, thyroglobulin tittering, and sonographic follow up, the adequacy of US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy was assessed. Of the 41 retrojugular lymphadenopathies, malignant (n = 25) and benign (n = 16) lymphadenopathy were finally confirmed. Excluding 15 lymph nodes with indeterminate US diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, accuracy, and false positive and negative rates of US diagnosis were 100%, 66.7%, 95.8%, 100%, 96.2%, 0%, and 10%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of retrojugular lymphadenopathy, according to age, sex, and location (p > 0.05). In the patient with a history of total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy, US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy showed a high accuracy

  1. Ultrasound diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in the patient having a history of total thyroidectomy due to thyroid malignancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Seung Min; Kim, Dong Wook [Busan Paik Hospital/Inje Univ. College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-15

    This study aimed to assess the accuracy of ultrasound (US) diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy. During a follow up period after total thyroidectomy, due to known thyroid malignancy, 41 patients underwent US diagnosis and US guided fine needle aspiration for retrojugular lymphadenopathy. Each lymphadenopathy was prospectively classified by a single radiologist into 1 of 3 diagnostic categories: 'benign', 'indeterminate for malignancy', and 'malignant'. Based on the cytohistopathology result, thyroglobulin tittering, and sonographic follow up, the adequacy of US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy was assessed. Of the 41 retrojugular lymphadenopathies, malignant (n = 25) and benign (n = 16) lymphadenopathy were finally confirmed. Excluding 15 lymph nodes with indeterminate US diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, accuracy, and false positive and negative rates of US diagnosis were 100%, 66.7%, 95.8%, 100%, 96.2%, 0%, and 10%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of retrojugular lymphadenopathy, according to age, sex, and location (p > 0.05). In the patient with a history of total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy, US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy showed a high accuracy.

  2. Meningococcal meningitis with meningococcemia: a rare sporadic case in an elderly patient with no history of contact with infected individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomi, Harumi; Unuma, Nahoko; Nakao, Koichi; Morisawa, Yuji

    2015-01-01

    An 89-year-old Japanese woman with no history of contact with infected individuals developed meningococcal meningitis with meningococcemia. Compared with other countries, invasive meningococcal disease is relatively rare in Japan, with an annual incidence of a total of 10-20 cases for more than 2 decades; this represents approximately 1% of the corresponding incidence in the United States and United Kingdom. The most prevalent serotypes of the causative agent Neisseria meningitidis in Japan are serotypes B and Y. The patient in this study was also infected with a strain of serotype Y. The meningococcal vaccine has not yet been approved for use in Japan. The only possible transmission route in this patient was a visit by the patient's grandchild a few days prior to the onset of symptoms. Due to its low incidence, clinicians do not have sufficient experience for managing this potentially fatal illness. This case highlights the need for considering a complete differential diagnosis of invasive meningococcal disease. PMID:25420647

  3. Effects of habitual alcohol intake and cigarette smoking on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohnishi, K; Terabayashi, H; Unuma, T; Takahashi, A; Okuda, K

    1987-02-01

    To study the effects of habitual alcohol intake and cigarette smoking on the latency period for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 455 patients with HCC were analyzed with respect to age at diagnosis. They were divided into hepatitis B virus (HBV) positive and negative patients based on HbsAg and high titer anti-HBc in serum. HBV-positive and negative HCC patients were further subdivided into four subgroups based on the history of drinking more than one small bottle of Japanese "sake" or its equivalent per day for more than 10 yr and the history of smoking more than one cigarette per day for more than 10 yr. Among HBV-positive HCC patients, the average age of those with a drinking and a smoking habit (50 +/- 10 yr) was younger compared with that of patients with a drinking habit but without a smoking habit (56 +/- 14 yr, not significant, NS), of those who were smokers and nondrinkers (55 +/- 10 yr, NS) and of those who did not drink nor smoke (59 +/- 8 yr, p less than 0.005). Among HBV-negative HCC patients, patients with drinking and smoking habits (57 +/- 9 yr) were younger compared with those with a drinking habit without smoking (59 +/- 9 yr, NS), those who were smokers and nondrinkers (62 +/- 9 yr, p less than 0.005), and those who were nondrinkers and nonsmokers (63 +/- 12 yr, p less than 0.005). These data suggest that habitual alcohol intake may promote the development of HCC if the patients smoke cigarette regardless of the status of HBV seromakers. PMID:3032014

  4. Bupropion perceived as a stimulant by two patients with a previous history of cocaine misuse

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alessandro E., Vento; Fabrizio, Schifano; Federica, Gentili; Francesco, Pompei; John M., Corkery; Georgios D., Kotzalidis; Paolo, Girardi.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite animal studies having shown a generalisation of the bupropion cue to cocaine, this drug has been used in cocaine abuse with mixed results. We here aimed at describing two cases which contradict current knowledge. CASE REPORTS: We describe two cases of former cocaine [...] abusers who reported a cocaine-like sensation upon taking bupropion. Bupropion improved patients' depression without any increase in cocaine craving. One of the patients increased without doctor consultation his dose on an as needed basis. CONCLUSIONS: The issue of bupropion cue generalisation to cocaine needs further elucidation. People with past cocaine addiction need to be informed on the potential of bupropion to elicit cocaine-like cues and be invited to adhere to medical prescription, because bupropion has been associated with fatalities in some cases.

  5. Application of Plasma Exchange in Patients with History of Unexplained Recurrent Abortion: A Case Series

    OpenAIRE

    Azadeh Ghaheri; Farzane Jamdar; Mohammad Ali Roghaei

    2013-01-01

    Background: Immune-mediated recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) has received more attentionthan any other single etiologic classification. Individuals with rare blood group P have an antipp1pkantibody in their serum, which causes recurrent abortion in the early stages.Materials and Methods: In this case series study, 11 patients with unexplained RPL whohad anti-P antibody in their serum were treated by plasma exchange during their nextpregnancies. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, we moni...

  6. Immediate, Early, and Conventional Implant Placement in a Patient with History of Periodontitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, Alessandro; Scognamiglio, Fabio; Femiano, Felice; Lanza, Michele

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe a case of implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in a patient with periodontitis, focusing on the different timing of implant placement. After initial periodontal treatment, teeth with advanced mobility degree and severe bone resorption were extracted. At different healing time oral implants were placed in a prosthetic-guided position. After osseointegration period the implants were loaded and the results at one year of follow-up are presented. PMID:25949833

  7. Building Trust: The History and Ongoing Relationships Amongst DSD Clinicians, Researchers, and Patient Advocacy Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lossie, A C; Green, J

    2015-05-01

    Individuals born with differences or disorders of sex development (DSD) have been marginalized by society and the health care system. Standards of care in the mid-20(th) century were based on fixing the child with a DSD, using hormonal and surgical interventions; these treatments and the diagnoses were almost never disclosed to the child, and sometimes they were not disclosed to the parents. This led to secrecy, shame, and stigma. When these children became adults and demanded access to their medical records, the realization of the depth of secrecy led to the formation of activism groups that shook the medical community. Despite precarious beginnings, advocates, health care professionals, and researchers were able to elicit changes in the standard of care. The 2006 Consensus Statement on Management of Intersex Disorders called for a multidisciplinary approach to care and questioned the evidence for many of the standard procedures. Standard of care moved from a concealment model to a patient-centered paradigm, and funding agencies put resources into determining the future paths of research on DSD. Recognition of the need to address patient priorities led to changing international standards for including patients in research design. Some challenges that remain include: the findings from the Institute of Medicine that sexual and gender minorities experience poor health outcomes; establishing trust across all parties; developing a common language and creating venues where individuals can participate in dialogue that addresses personal experiences, research design, clinical practices and intervention strategies. PMID:25868122

  8. Predictors of Barefoot Plantar Pressure during Walking in Patients with Diabetes, Peripheral Neuropathy and a History of Ulceration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barn, Ruth; Waaijman, Roelof; Nollet, Frans; Woodburn, James; Bus, Sicco A.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Elevated dynamic plantar foot pressures significantly increase the risk of foot ulceration in diabetes mellitus. The aim was to determine which factors predict plantar pressures in a population of diabetic patients who are at high-risk of foot ulceration. Methods Patients with diabetes, peripheral neuropathy and a history of ulceration were eligible for inclusion in this cross sectional study. Demographic data, foot structure and function, and disease-related factors were recorded and used as potential predictor variables in the analyses. Barefoot peak pressures during walking were calculated for the heel, midfoot, forefoot, lesser toes, and hallux regions. Potential predictors were investigated using multivariate linear regression analyses. 167 participants with mean age of 63 years contributed 329 feet to the analyses. Results The regression models were able to predict between 6% (heel) and 41% (midfoot) of the variation in peak plantar pressures. The largest contributing factor in the heel model was glycosylated haemoglobin concentration, in the midfoot Charcot deformity, in the forefoot prominent metatarsal heads, in the lesser toes hammer toe deformity and in the hallux previous ulceration. Variables with local effects (e.g. foot deformity) were stronger predictors of plantar pressure than global features (e.g. body mass, age, gender, or diabetes duration). Conclusion The presence of local deformity was the largest contributing factor to barefoot dynamic plantar pressure in high-risk diabetic patients and should therefore be adequately managed to reduce plantar pressure and ulcer risk. However, a significant amount of variance is unexplained by the models, which advocates the quantitative measurement of plantar pressures in the clinical risk assessment of the patient. PMID:25647421

  9. Usual Intake of Meat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Meat Table A24. Meat: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.5 (0.04) 0.1 (0.03) 0.2 (0.03) 0.3

  10. Usual Intake of Milk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Milk Table A34. Milk: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 cup equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 1.9 (0.05) 0.7 (0.07) 0.9 (0.05) 1.3

  11. Nutritional adequacy of dietary intake in women with anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raatz, Susan K; Jahns, Lisa; Johnson, LuAnn K; Crosby, Ross; Mitchell, James E; Crow, Scott; Peterson, Carol; Le Grange, Daniel; Wonderlich, Stephen A

    2015-01-01

    Understanding nutrient intake of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients is essential for the treatment. Therefore, estimates of total energy and nutrient consumption were made in a group of young women (19 to 30 years) with restricting and binge purge subtypes of AN participating in an ecological momentary assessment study. Participants completed three nonconsecutive 24-hour diet recalls. Mean nutrient intakes were stratified by subtype and by quartiles of energy intake and compared to the age specific Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) levels, as well as to the reported intakes from the What We Eat In America (WWEIA) dietary survey 2011-2012. Reported intake was determined for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients. The mean body mass index (BMI) for all participants was 17.2 ± 0.1 kg/m2. Reported nutrient intake was insufficient for participants in quartiles 1-3 of both AN subtypes when compared to the DRIs. Intake reported by participants in quartile 4 of both subgroups met requirements for most nutrients and even met or exceeded estimated energy needs. Counseling of AN patients should be directed to total food consumption to improve energy intake and to reduce individual nutritional gaps. PMID:25988761

  12. Nutritional Adequacy of Dietary Intake in Women with Anorexia Nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan K. Raatz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Understanding nutrient intake of anorexia nervosa (AN patients is essential for the treatment. Therefore, estimates of total energy and nutrient consumption were made in a group of young women (19 to 30 years with restricting and binge purge subtypes of AN participating in an ecological momentary assessment study. Participants completed three nonconsecutive 24-hour diet recalls. Mean nutrient intakes were stratified by subtype and by quartiles of energy intake and compared to the age specific Dietary Reference Intake (DRI levels, as well as to the reported intakes from the What We Eat In America (WWEIA dietary survey 2011–2012. Reported intake was determined for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients. The mean body mass index (BMI for all participants was 17.2 ± 0.1 kg/m2. Reported nutrient intake was insufficient for participants in quartiles 1–3 of both AN subtypes when compared to the DRIs. Intake reported by participants in quartile 4 of both subgroups met requirements for most nutrients and even met or exceeded estimated energy needs. Counseling of AN patients should be directed to total food consumption to improve energy intake and to reduce individual nutritional gaps.

  13. Novel de novo BRCA2 mutation in a patient with a family history of breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiberg Hans

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background BRCA2 germ-line mutations predispose to breast and ovarian cancer. Mutations are widespread and unclassified splice variants are frequently encountered. We describe the parental origin and functional characterization of a novel de novo BRCA2 splice site mutation found in a patient exhibiting a ductal carcinoma at the age of 40. Methods Variations were identified by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC and sequencing of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. The effect of the mutation on splicing was examined by exon trapping in COS-7 cells and by RT-PCR on RNA isolated from whole blood. The paternity was determined by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP microarray analysis. Parental origin of the de novo mutation was determined by establishing mutation-SNP haplotypes by variant specific PCR, while de novo and mosaic status was investigated by sequencing of DNA from leucocytes and carcinoma tissue. Results A novel BRCA2 variant in the splice donor site of exon 21 (nucleotide 8982+1 G?A/c.8754+1 G?A was identified. Exon trapping showed that the mutation activates a cryptic splice site 46 base pairs 3' of exon 21, resulting in the inclusion of a premature stop codon and synthesis of a truncated BRCA2 protein. The aberrant splicing was verified by RT-PCR analysis on RNA isolated from whole blood of the affected patient. The mutation was not found in any of the patient's parents or in the mother's carcinoma, showing it is a de novo mutation. Variant specific PCR indicates that the mutation arose in the male germ-line. Conclusion We conclude that the novel BRCA2 splice variant is a de novo mutation introduced in the male spermatozoa that can be classified as a disease causing mutation.

  14. Estado nutricional e ingestão alimentar de pacientes em diálise peritoneal contínua com e sem hiperparatireoidismo secundário / Nutritional status and food intake of continuous peritoneal dialysis patients with and without secondary hyperparathyroidism

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sara Ribeiro, Campos; Maria Helena Lima, Gusmão; Alessandra Fortes, Almeida; Luís José Cardoso, Pereira; Lilian Ramos, Sampaio; Jairza Maria Barreto, Medeiros.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O hiperparatireoidismo secundário (HPT2) é uma complicação comum e precoce em pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Estudos têm sugerido que os altos níveis de paratormônio (PTH) podem exercer efeitos deletérios no estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC. Assim, o objetivo deste estu [...] do foi comparar o estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC em diálise peritoneal contínua (DPC) com e sem HPT2. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar o estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC em diálise peritoneal contínua (DPC) com e sem HPTS. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 74 pacientes, entre adultos e idosos, divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com os níveis de PTH. No grupo 1 (n = 18) os níveis de PTH eram maiores do que 300 pg/mL e, no grupo 2, menores ou iguais a 300 pg/mL. O estado nutricional dos pacientes foi avaliado através da antropometria, exames bioquímicos e avaliação subjetiva global (ASG). O consumo alimentar foi avaliado através do registro alimentar de 3 dias. Foram coletados também dados clínicos, como cálcio e fósforo séricos, e a presença de inflamação foi avaliada através da dosagem de proteína C reativa ultrassensível (PCR US). RESULTADOS: A média de idade da população estudada foi de 54,97 ± 17,06 anos, com predominância de pacientes adultos (58,1%) e do sexo feminino (56,8%). O tempo de DPC expresso em mediana foi de 17 meses (7,75-33). Através da ASG, demonstrou-se prevalência de 36,5% de desnutridos na população. Na análise de diferença entre os grupos, em relação à antropometria, indicadores bioquímicos e ASG, bem como ingestão alimentar, não foram evidenciadas diferenças entre os grupos estudados. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferenças no estado nutricional e na ingestão alimentar entre os pacientes com e sem HPT2. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common and early complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Studies have suggested that high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) may have deleterious effects on the nutritional status of patients with CKD. Thus, the aim of this stud [...] y was to compare the nutritional status of CKD patients in continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) with and without SHPT. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of CKD patients in continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) with and without SHPT. METHODS: 74 patients were evaluated, including adults and seniors, divided into two groups according to PTH levels. In group 1 (n = 18) levels of PTH higher than 300 pg/mL and in group 2 less than or equal to 300 pg/mL. The nutritional status of patients was assessed by anthropometry, biochemical and subjective global assessment (SGA). Food intake was measured by food record for 3 days. We also collected clinical data, such as calcium and serum phosphorus, and the presence of inflammation was assessed by measuring C-reactive protein ultra-sensitive (CRP US). RESULTS: The average age of the population studied was 54.97 ± 17.06 years, with predominance of adult patients (58.1%) and females (56.8%). The time of CPD expressed in median was 17 months (7.75-33). Through ASG, it was shown a prevalence of 36.5% of the population undernourished. In the analysis of difference between the groups in relation to anthropometry, biochemical indicators and ASG as well as food intake, there were no differences between the groups. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in nutritional status and dietary intake between patients with and without SHPT.

  15. A comparison of pain report and adequacy of analgesic therapy in ambulatory AIDS patients with and without a history of substance abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitbart, W; Rosenfeld, B; Passik, S; Kaim, M; Funesti-Esch, J; Stein, K

    1997-08-01

    Concerns are often raised regarding the credibility of patients' report of pain and this concern is heightened among individuals with AIDS, where many patients have a history of injection drug use. This study compared the pain experience, adequacy of pain management and psychological well-being among patients with AIDS who reported a history of injection drug use (IDU) as their HIV transmission risk factor and patients with other HIV transmission risk factors. Five hundred and sixteen ambulatory AIDS patients participating in a quality of life study completed a series of self-report instruments including the Brief Pain Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Functional Living Inventory and the Social Support Questionnaire. Results demonstrated that IDU and non-IDU subjects did not differ significantly in their report of pain prevalence, pain intensity or pain-related functional interference. However, IDU patients were significantly more likely to receive inadequate analgesic medications, reported lower levels of pain relief and a greater degree of psychological distress. There was also no difference in report of pain intensity, pain relief or functional interference among patients who acknowledged continued drug use, those who denied any recent drug use and patients participating in a methadone maintenance program. These data support the validity of AIDS patients' report of pain, at least in research settings, and suggest that undertreatment of pain is not restricted to patients who actively abuse drugs. PMID:9272808

  16. Application of Plasma Exchange in Patients with History of Unexplained Recurrent Abortion: A Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Ghaheri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Immune-mediated recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL has received more attentionthan any other single etiologic classification. Individuals with rare blood group P have an antipp1pkantibody in their serum, which causes recurrent abortion in the early stages.Materials and Methods: In this case series study, 11 patients with unexplained RPL whohad anti-P antibody in their serum were treated by plasma exchange during their nextpregnancies. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, we monitored fetal developmentusing ultrasonography and intensive prenatal care. All calculations were performed withthe SPSS version 16.Results: All patients who were treated by plasma exchange progressed to live birth. Themean gestational age at the time of termination was 37.5 ± 0.69 weeks. The mean weightof the newborns was 2729.09 ± 389.88 g. None of the newborns required exchange transfusion.Conclusion: P-incompatibility is one rare but important cause of unexplained RPL and also abasis for therapeutic intervention via early antibody removal by plasma exchange.

  17. Heterotopic ossification in combat amputees from Afghanistan and Iraq wars: Five case histories and results from a small series of patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ted Melcer, PhD

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Heterotopic ossification (HO is excess bone growth in soft tissues that frequently occurs in the residual limbs of combat amputees injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, or Iraq and Afghanistan wars, respectively. HO can interfere with prosthetic use and walking and delay patient rehabilitation. This article describes symptomatic and/or radiographic evidence of HO in a patient series of combat amputees rehabilitating at a military amputee care clinic (27 patients/33 limbs. We conducted a retrospective review of patient records and physician interviews to document evidence of HO symptoms in these limbs (e.g., pain during prosthetic use, skin breakdown. Results showed HO-related symptoms in 10 of the 33 residual limbs. Radiographs were available for 25 of the 33 limbs, and a physician identified at least moderate HO in 15 of the radiographs. However, 5 of the 15 patients who showed at least moderate radiographic HO did not report adverse symptoms. Five individual patient histories described HO onset, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. These case histories illustrated how HO location relative to pressure-sensitive/pressure-tolerant areas of the residual limb may determine whether patients experienced symptoms. These histories revealed the uncommon but novel finding of potential benefits of HO for prosthetic suspension.

  18. Avaliação nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com doença celíaca com e sem transgressão alimentar / Nutritional evaluation and food intake of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cristiana Santos, Andreoli; Ana Paula Bidutte, Cortez; Vera Lucia, Sdepanian; Mauro Batista de, Morais.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a ingestão de energia e de macronutrientes de pacientes com diagnóstico de doença celíaca que transgrediam ou não a dieta isenta de glúten. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 63 pacientes com doença celíaca: 34 crianças e 29 adolescentes. Transgressão à dieta isenta de [...] glúten foi caracterizada por meio da dosagem sérica do anticorpo antitransglutaminase tissular recombiante humana. O estado nutricional foi avaliado com base nos escores-Z de peso/idade, estatura/idade e no índice de massa corporal. A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada por meio do inquérito alimentar de 24 horas. RESULTADOS: A transgressão à dieta sem glúten foi constatada em 41,2% das crianças e em 34,5% dos adolescentes. Nas crianças com transgressão alimentar, a média do escore-Z de estatura/idade foi inferior à das crianças do grupo que não transgredia (p=0,024). Todavia, o grupo com transgressão apresentou maior escore-Z do índice de massa corporal em relação aos que não transgrediam (p=0,021). Os adolescentes que não transgrediam apresentaram maior índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta (p=0,037). Em relação à ingestão alimentar, não se observou diferença estatística entre os grupos. Todavia, cerca de 70,0% das crianças e adolescentes apresentaram consumo de energia acima de 120,0% da recomendação. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças que transgrediam a dieta apresentaram menor escore-Z de estatura/idade e maior escore-Z para índice de massa corporal do que crianças que seguem sem transgressões alimentares. Os adolescentes que não transgrediam a dieta apresentaram maior média de índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta. Consumo energético elevado foi observado tanto nas crianças quanto nos adolescentes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the nutritional status and intakes of energy and macronutrients of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet. METHODS: We studied 63 patients with celiac disease, 34 children and 29 adolescents. Noncompliance with a gluten-free diet was characte [...] rized by detection of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase in serum by recombinant human tissue transglutaminase antigen. Nutritional status was classified according to the weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass index Z-scores. Dietary intake was assessed by a 24-hour recall. RESULTS: The percentages of children and adolescents noncompliant with a gluten-free diet were 41.2% and 34.5%, respectively. Noncompliant children had a lower mean height-for-age Z-score than compliant children (p=0.024). However, noncompliant children had higher mean body mass index Z-score than compliant children (p=0.021). On the other hand, compliant adolescents had higher BMI than noncompliant adolescents (p=0.037). The food intake between the groups did not differ, but the energy intakes of 70.0% of the children and adolescents exceeded 120.0% of their requirements. CONCLUSION: Children who do not comply with a gluten-free diet have lower height-for-age Z-scores and higher body mass index Z-scores than children who comply. Compliant adolescents have a higher mean body mass index than noncompliant adolescents. High energy intake was observed in both children and adolescents.

  19. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension as a cause of dyspnoea in an older patient with a complex history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. M. Kähler

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A full diagnostic work-up for patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH is vital. Classification and diagnosis of the underlying cause is important to ensure optimal management, but may be complicated by overlapping signs and symptoms. This case study describes how a full work-up identified chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH as the cause of dyspnoea in a 68-yr-old male with a history of pulmonary embolism and an original diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Key indicators included decreased tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, increased Tei index and elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure. Multi-slice spiral chest computed tomography and pulmonary angiography showed severe chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease, both centrally and distally. Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide was reduced and blood gas analysis revealed a wide alveolar–arterial oxygen pressure difference, which is typical of CTEPH. The patient was eligible for pulmonary endarterectomy according to established criteria. Residual PH after surgery was successfully managed with bosentan.

  20. Relationship between flow volume curve and CT findings in non-smoking patients with long histories of bronchial asthma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was conducted to verify whether bronchial asthma (BA) alone causes pulmonary emphysema (PE), and to examine the computed tomography (CT) findings in non-smokers with BA demonstrating the flow volume curve (FV curve) characteristic of PE. Non-smoking patients with a history of BA for more than 20 years were divided into 2 groups: the dogleg pattern group (n=5), with an FV curve characteristic of PE, and the concave pattern group (n=16) with an FV curve characteristic of BA. CT scans was performed using CT values (level, 900 H.U.; width, 400 H.U.) that facilitate detection of a low attenuation area (LAA), and using conventional CT values (level, 700 H.U.; width, 1,300 H.U.). LAA (including air trapping), thickness of the bronchial wall, and partial atelectasis were compared between the 2 groups. PE was not detected, although air trapping was found in all subjects. The thickness of the airway was greater in the dogleg pattern than in the concave pattern. The incidences of air trapping and partial atelectasis were higher in the former than in the latter. BA alone may not cause PE. Some BA patients without PE show the FV curve characteristic of PE, reflecting an increase in the thickness of the airway wall and a decrease in the pulmonary ventilation probably due to the air trapping and the partial atelectasis. (author)

  1. New-onset panic, depression with suicidal thoughts, and somatic symptoms in a patient with a history of lyme disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garakani, Amir; Mitton, Andrew G

    2015-01-01

    Lyme Disease, or Lyme Borreliosis, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and spread by ticks, is mainly known to cause arthritis and neurological disorders but can also cause psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety. We present a case of a 37-year-old man with no known psychiatric history who developed panic attacks, severe depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, and neuromuscular complaints including back spasms, joint pain, myalgias, and neuropathic pain. These symptoms began 2 years after being successfully treated for a positive Lyme test after receiving a tick bite. During inpatient psychiatric hospitalization his psychiatric and physical symptoms did not improve with antidepressant and anxiolytic treatments. The patient's panic attacks resolved after he was discharged and then, months later, treated with long-term antibiotics for suspected "chronic Lyme Disease" (CLD) despite having negative Lyme titers. He however continued to have subsyndromal depressive symptoms and chronic physical symptoms such as fatigue, myalgias, and neuropathy. We discuss the controversy surrounding the diagnosis of CLD and concerns and considerations in the treatment of suspected CLD patients with comorbid psychiatric diagnoses. PMID:25922779

  2. New-Onset Panic, Depression with Suicidal Thoughts, and Somatic Symptoms in a Patient with a History of Lyme Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garakani, Amir; Mitton, Andrew G.

    2015-01-01

    Lyme Disease, or Lyme Borreliosis, caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and spread by ticks, is mainly known to cause arthritis and neurological disorders but can also cause psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety. We present a case of a 37-year-old man with no known psychiatric history who developed panic attacks, severe depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, and neuromuscular complaints including back spasms, joint pain, myalgias, and neuropathic pain. These symptoms began 2 years after being successfully treated for a positive Lyme test after receiving a tick bite. During inpatient psychiatric hospitalization his psychiatric and physical symptoms did not improve with antidepressant and anxiolytic treatments. The patient's panic attacks resolved after he was discharged and then, months later, treated with long-term antibiotics for suspected “chronic Lyme Disease” (CLD) despite having negative Lyme titers. He however continued to have subsyndromal depressive symptoms and chronic physical symptoms such as fatigue, myalgias, and neuropathy. We discuss the controversy surrounding the diagnosis of CLD and concerns and considerations in the treatment of suspected CLD patients with comorbid psychiatric diagnoses. PMID:25922779

  3. Isolation of pathogenic Escherichia coli from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients with history of raw milk consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. N. Brahmbhatt

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To detect the occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients with history of raw milk consumption and to determine the public health significance of isolates, especially their role in causing human diseases.Materials and Methods: Atotal of 100 stool samples from diarrhoeal patients, with history of raw milk consumption were collected from primary health centres in and around Anand city, under aseptic conditions and a total of 50 raw milk samples were collected from milk vendors, retail shops located in Anand city in sterilized sample bottles. MacConkey broth was used for the enrichment of all the samples and inoculation was done on MacConkey agar and EMB agar was used as the selective media. This was followed by the confirmation of isolates using biochemical tests. For the serotyping,E. coli isolates were sent to the National Salmonella and Escherichia Centre, Central Research Institute (CRI, Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh.Detection of virulence genes was performed using PCR technique.Results: During the present investigation, 26 (52% E. coli isolates from 50 milk samples and 59 (59% E. coli isolates from 100 stool samples were recovered. Out of 85 E. coli isolates sent for serotyping, 74 isolates could be typed which were further distributed into 13 different serogroups O2, O4, O8, O17, O22, O25, O29, O36, O45, O60, O90, O116 and O172, whereas 8 isolates were found untypable and 3 isolates were reported rough isolates. Of the 59 E. coli isolates from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients tested, 15 isolates (25.42% were reported to be positive for stx genes, among that 6 (10.16% were positive for stx1 gene, 9 (15.25% isolates were positive for stx2 gene, while 3 isolates (5.08% were positive for eaeA gene. In this study, 21 E. coliisolates were found to be Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC while none of the isolates were positive for the serotype O157. Conclusions: Our present findings indicate that raw milk may act as a source of pathogenic E. coli and it may be responsible for the occurrence of diarrhoea and various other health-related complications in humans. We therefore recommend proper managemental practices and effective control measures for improved hygiene and sanitation.

  4. Long-term nutritional assessment of patients with severe short bowel syndrome managed with home enteral nutrition and oral intake / Evaluación nutricional a largo plazo de pacientes con grave síndrome de intestino corto controlada con nutrición enteral e ingestión oral

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    V., Chaer Borges; M.ª de L., Teixeira da Silva; M.ª C., Gonçalves Dias; M.ª C., González; D., Linetzky Waitzberg.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: La nutrición parenteral (NP) se emplea para controlar el estado nutricional después de resecciones intestinales extensas. Siempre que sea posible, se empleará la nutrición enteral (NE) para favorecer la rehabilitación intestinal y reducir la dependencia de la NP. Nuestro propósito fue [...] verificar si la NE + ingesta oral (IO) en el síndrome del intestino corto (SIC) grave en pacientes adultos quirúrgicos puede mantener un estado nutricional adecuado a largo plazo. Métodos: Este estudio longitudinal retrospectivo incluyó 10 pacientes seguidos durante 7 años tras la intervención quirúrgica. Se evaluaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de pérdida involuntaria del peso corporal habitual (PCH), la masa grasa libre (MGL) y la composición de la masa grasa (MG) mediante impedancia bioeléctrica, así como los datos de laboratorio a los 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 y 84 meses tras la cirugía. Se evaluaron en los mismos periodos la energía y las proteínas aportadas con la NPD y a largo plazo con la NED + ingesta oral (IO). Se utilizó un modelo estadístico de ecuaciones estimativas generalizadas con una p Abstract in english Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used to control the nutritional state after severe intestinal resections. Whenever possible, enteral nutrition (EN) is used to promote intestinal rehabilitation and reduce PN dependency. Our aim is to verify whether EN + oral intake (OI) in severe short bowel [...] syndrome (SBS) surgical adult patients can maintain adequate nutritional status in the long term. Methods: This longitudinal retrospective study included 10 patients followed for 7 post-operative years. Body mass index (BMI), percentage of involuntary loss of usual body weight (UWL), free fat mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) composition assessed by bioelectric impedance, and laboratory tests were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 84 months after surgery. Energy and protein offered in HPN and at long term by HEN+ oral intake (OI), was evaluated at the same periods. The statistical model of generalized estimating equations with p

  5. Metabolic alterations as a result of Ramadan fasting in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients in relation to food intake.

    OpenAIRE

    Khatib, Faisal A.; Shafagoj, Yanal A.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Diabetes is known to be associated with alterations in metabolic parameters. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Ramadan fasting can affect these metabolic parameters in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients. METHODS This study was conducted in the outpatient Clinic of Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan in February of 1415 Hijra year (1995 Gregorian). Forty-four NIDDM male patients volunteered for this study. Patients fasted the month ...

  6. Daily Pomegranate intake has no impact on PSA levels in patients with advanced prostate cancer - Results of a phase IIb randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Stenner-Liewen, Frank; Liewen, Heike; Cathomas, Richard; Renner, Christoph; Petrausch, Ulf; Sulser, Tullio; Spanaus, Katharina; Seifert, Hans Helge; Strebel, Räto Thomas; Knuth, Alexander; Samaras, Panagiotis; Müntener, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Pomegranate has been shown to prolong PSA doubling time in early prostate cancer, but no data from a placebo controlled trial has been published yet. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the impact of pomegranate juice in patients with prostate cancer. We conducted a phase IIb, double blinded, randomized placebo controlled trial in patients with histologically confirmed prostate cancer. Only patients with a PSA value ? 5ng/ml were included. The subjects consumed 500 ml ...

  7. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Glaucia C., Duarte; Eduardo K., Tomimori; Rosalinda Y. A., Camargo; Ileana G.S., Rubio; Mauricio, Wajngarten; Amanda G., Rodrigues; Meyer, Knobel; Geraldo, Medeiros-Neto.

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years) who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free [...] T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound. RESULTS: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%). Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%), single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%), and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%). Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%). The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= 300 µg/L) was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

  8. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaucia C. Duarte

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound. RESULTS: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical was present in 29 patients (6.5%, whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical was found in 32 individuals (8.1%. Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%, single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%, and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%. Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%. The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= 300 µg/L was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

  9. Acompanhamento nutricional de cirróticos com história pregressa de alcoolismo / Nutrition follow-up o cirrhotic patients with history of alcoholism

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nelzir Trindade, Reis; Cláudia dos Santos, Cople.

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available A desnutrição proteíco-energética é freqüente nos pacientes cirróticos e representa um sério risco no aumento das taxas de morbi-mortalidade desta população. Independente do fator etiológico sua prevalência é alta e repercute em ambos os sexos. Este estudo de casos objetivou verificar o impacto da i [...] njúria cirrose alcoólica no estado nutricional e a eficácia do tratamento dietoterápico na reversão da depleção nutricional. Foram estudados 50 pacientes (47 homens e 3 mulheres) atendidos no Ambulatório de Nutrição onde foi realizada avaliação nutricional objetiva com os parâmetros antropométricos, bioquímicos, clínicos e história dietética em três momentos distintos (início, 8º e 18º mês de tratamento). Os resultados iniciais revelaram que 96% dos cirróticos apresentavam algum nível de desnutrição e, no 18º mês tiveram normalização dos parâmetros nutricionais. Abstract in english The protein-calorie malnutrition is very common in the cirrhotic patients and it represents a risk in the morbidity and mortality rates increase. Independently of the etiologic factor, its prevalence is high and has repercussions in both sexes. This cases study had the objective of verifying the imp [...] act of alcoholic cirrhosis in the nutritional status and the efficacy of the diet therapy in the reversion of malnutrition. Fifty patients (47 men and 3 women) were studied. They were attended at the Nutrition Ambulatory, where an objective nutritional assessment was carried out wish anthropometric, biochemical and clinical parameters and dietetic history in three distinct moments (beginning, 8th and 18th month of treatment). The first results revealed that 96% of the cirrhotic patients presented some level of malnutrition and in the 18th month the nutritional parameters were normalized.

  10. Frequency of family history of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Argentine FRICAS (Factores de Riesgo Coronario en America del Sur) Investigators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciruzzi, M; Schargrodsky, H; Rozlosnik, J; Pramparo, P; Delmonte, H; Rudich, V; Piskorz, D; Negri, E; Soifer, S; La Vecchia, C

    1997-07-15

    The relation between family history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk of AMI was analyzed using data of a case-control study conducted in Argentina between 1992 and 1994. Case patients were 1,060 subjects with AMI admitted to 35 coronary care units, and controls were 1,071 subjects admitted to the same network of hospitals where cases had been identified, for a wide spectrum of acute conditions unrelated to known or likely risk factors for AMI: 31% of cases versus 15% of controls reported > or = 1 first-degree relative with history of AMI. Compared with subjects without family history of AMI, the odds ratio (OR) of AMI, after allowance for age, sex, cholesterolemia, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, body mass index, education, social class, and physical exercise, was 2.18 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.74 to 2.74) for those with family history of AMI. The OR was 2.04 (95% CI 1.60 to 2.60) for subjects with 1 relative, and 3.18 (95% C 1.86 to 5.44) for those reporting > or = 2 relatives with AMI. In women the OR for any family history of AMI was 2.83, and in men 2.01. The association was of similar magnitude if the mother (OR 1.98), the father (OR 2.13), or a sibling (OR 2.48) had had an AMI. The association with family history was stronger at a younger age because the OR for subjects reporting > or = 2 more relatives with a history of AMI was 4.42 for subjects aged or = 55 years. The association between AMI and family history of AMI was consistent across separate strata of education, social class, smoking, and serum cholesterol, but was less strong in subjects with history of diabetes and hypertension. When the interaction of known risk factors with family history of AMI was analyzed, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and smoking had approximately multiplicative effects on the relative risk. The OR was 4.50 for subjects with family history and cholesterol > or = 240 ml/dl, 4.52 for those with hypertension, and 5.77 for current smokers with family history of AMI. Thus, this study confirms that a family history of AMI is a strong and independent risk factor for AMI. In this population from Argentina, family history accounted for 14% of all cases of AMI in men and 26% in women. PMID:9230145

  11. Selective deficits in semantic verbal fluency in patients with a first affective episode with psychotic symptoms and a positive history of mania.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kravariti, Eugenia

    2009-05-01

    Neurocognitive dysfunction is likely to represent a trait characteristic of bipolar disorder, but the extent to which it comprises \\'core\\' deficits as opposed to those secondary to longstanding illness or intellectual decline is unclear. We investigated neuropsychological performance in an epidemiologically derived sample of patients with a first affective episode with psychotic symptoms and a positive history of mania, compared to community controls.

  12. A Simple Tool for Diet Evaluation in Primary Health Care: Validation of a 16-Item Food Intake Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Katri Hemiö; Auli Pölönen; Kirsti Ahonen; Mikko Kosola; Katriina Viitasalo; Jaana Lindström

    2014-01-01

    Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ) and create an easy to use method to estimate patients’ nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women) completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorize...

  13. Natural history of markers of collagen turnover in patients with early diastolic dysfunction and impact of eplerenone.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mak, George J

    2012-02-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of eplerenone on collagen turnover in preserved systolic function heart failure (HFPSF). BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in abnormal collagen metabolism as a feature of HFPSF with diastolic dysfunction, the natural history of markers of collagen turnover and the impact of selective aldosterone antagonism on this natural history remains unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 44 patients with HFPSF, randomly assigned to control (n = 20) or eplerenone 25 mg daily (n = 24) for 6 months, increased to 50 mg daily from 6 to 12 months. Serum markers of collagen turnover and inflammation were analyzed at baseline and at 6 and 12 months and included pro-collagen type-I and -III aminoterminal peptides, matrix metalloproteinase type-2, interleukin-6 and -8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Doppler-echocardiographic assessment of diastolic filling indexes and tissue Doppler analyses were also obtained. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 80 +\\/- 7.8 years; 46% were male; 64% were receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, 34% an angiotensin-II receptor blocker, and 68% were receiving beta-blocker therapy. Pro-collagen type-III and -I aminoterminal peptides, matrix metalloproteinase type-2, interleukin-6 and -8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha increased with time in the control group. Eplerenone treatment had no significant impact on any biomarker at 6 months but attenuated the increase in pro-collagen type-III aminoterminal peptide at 12 months (p = 0.006). Eplerenone therapy was associated with modest effects on diastolic function without any impact on clinical variables or brain natriuretic peptide. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates progressive increases in markers of collagen turnover and inflammation in HFPSF with diastolic dysfunction. Despite high background utilization of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone modulators, eplerenone therapy prevents a progressive increase in pro-collagen type-III aminoterminal peptide and may have a role in management of this disease. (The Effect of Eplerenone and Atorvastatin on Markers of Collagen Turnover in Diastolic Heart Failure; NCT00505336).

  14. Features of gene polymorphisms regulating lipid metabolism and ID polymorphism of ACE gene in Uzbek patients with unstable angina with a family history of coronary heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feruza Bekmetova

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available There were examined 183 Uzbek patients with unstable angina. The basic group consisted of 125 patients with unstable angina (UA and control group consisted of 58 healthy persons. Presence of CHD in family history among Uzbek patients with UA was associated with the accumulation of “damaging” alleles: “A” (M1- G-A polymorphism of APOA1, “?4” of APOE gene, and “D I/D polymorphism of ACE gene. Meanwhile, there were no differences revealed in the frequency of carriage “T” allele of -516C/T polymorphism of APOB gene.

  15. Effects of Six Months of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Training for Elderly Patients with a Long History of Type 2 Diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Sijie Tan; Wei Li; Jianxiong Wang

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of a 6-month combined aerobic and resistance training program on the body composition, glycemic control, lipid profile, and functional capacity of older patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes. 25 subjects (65.9 ± 4. 2 yrs; M/F: 13/12) with a long history of type 2 diabetes (16.7 ± 6.7 yrs) were randomly allocated into either the exercise or control groups. The exercise group trained three sessions a week. Each session consisted of a warm-up period, 30...

  16. Food, fat, family and friends: studies on the impact of the social environment on dietary intake.

    OpenAIRE

    Feunekes, G.I.J.

    1996-01-01

    The impact of the social environment on food and fat intake was investigated in several samples including family members, close friends, and meal time companions in the Netherlands. Firstly, a food frequency questionnaire to assess the intake of fat, fatty acids and cholesterol was developed. Biomarker-based validity (n = 99), relative validity against a dietary history (n = 191), and reproducibility (n = 93) were satisfactory for adults.Up to 40% of the variance in fat intake, expressed as %...

  17. Prevalence of benign and malignant thyroid nodules in patients with previous history of radiotherapy for Tinea capitis in childhood (in khorosan province)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Increased prevalence of thyroid cancer was noted in patients with previous history of radiotherapy of the head and neck region in childhood. According to previous research, radiotherapy for Ti nia capitis was using up to 30 years ago in Khorasan Province. This study tries to evaluate prevalence of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and detect and treat these patients earlier to prevent more complications and increased cost. Methods and patients: Using mass media, we recalled all patients with history of radiotherapy for Tinea capitis in childhood. A questionnaire was filled for each patient and thyroid examination, thyroid scan and thyroid sonography were performed. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was done if a thyroid nodule larger than 1 cm was palpable. Serum TSH was measured in all patients. Also thyroid surgery was recommended for all patients with thyroid nodules more than 1 cm. A control group was defined from a group of patients who referred for non thyroidal sonography to radiology department of Ghaem hospital. These patients also were evaluated by clinical examination and thyroid sonography. Results: We studied 180 patients with mean age of 47.7 years and 127 age and sex m etched controls. Thyroid nodules was palpated in 45.5% of patients and 7% of controls (P0.01). The mean largest diameter of nodules were 24.8 mm in patients and 10.8 mm in control group (P<0.001). 75% of patients were agreed with FNAB and 5% of them had suspicious cytologFNAB and 5% of them had suspicious cytology results. No suspicious or malignant results was noted in control group. Twenty seven patients (33.7%) were operated. Pathological results were benign in 89.9% and malignant in 1% of patients. His study showed that thyroid nodules and thyroid neo plasma were significantly more larger in the patients group. Thyroid neoplasm were more frequent in younger patients with latent thyroid (from radiotherapy) of less than 40 years, so aggressive evaluation is recommended in these group

  18. Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated / Estado nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com psoríase dos tipos sistêmica e artropática sistêmica associada

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marina Yazigi, Solis; Nathalia Stefani de, Melo; Maria Elisa Moschetti, Macedo; Fabiana Prata, Carneiro; Cid Yazigi, Sabbag; Antonio Hebert, Lancha Junior; Vera Silvia, Frangella.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar de indivíduos com psoríase sistêmica e artropática associada. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa exploratória e transversal, na qual avaliaram-se 34 homens, de 19 a 60 anos, atendidos em um Centro de Psoríase, separando-os em Grupo PS (com psoríase sis [...] têmica) e Grupo PAS (com sistêmica mais artropática). A avaliação nutricional deu-se pelo emprego da antropometria; bioimpedância e plestimografia de corpo inteiro. Aspectos clínicos e nutricionais foram investigados pela anamnese clínica, nutricional e recordatório de 24 horas. Empregou-se o teste General Linear Model (p 25%) e com risco alto para complicações metabólicas segundo CC e índice de obesidade, sem diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O consumo alimentar médio de lipídio, calorias e proteína apresentou-se acima do recomendado, sendo 58,8% para os lípides (319,17 ± 241,02 mg de colesterol e 17,42 ± 11,4 g de ácidos graxos saturados); 29,4% para as calorias e 67,6% para as proteínas. Assim, independentemente do tipo de psoríase, encontrou-se consumo excessivo de calorias, lípides, colesterol e ácidos graxos, além de maior ocorrência de excesso de peso. CONCLUSÃO: A amostra apresentou estado nutricional comprometido, aumento do risco para doenças crônicas relacionadas à obesidade, agravamento das lesões e má qualidade de vida. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the nutritional status and food intake of individuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. METHODS: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center. Participants were divided into syste [...] mic psoriasis group and arthritic-systemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and whole-body plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics the general linear model test (p 25%) and a high risk for metabolic complications according to the waist circumference and the obesity index, however, there were no statistically significant differences between groups. The mean food intake, total fat, calories and protein were above recommended levels, being 58.8% for lipids (319.17 ± 241.02 mg of cholesterol and 17.42 ± 11.4 g saturated fatty acids); 29.4% for calories and 67.6% for proteins. Thus, regardless of the psoriasis type, an excessive consumption of calories, lipids, fatty acids, cholesterol and a higher incidence of overweight were found. CONCLUSION: The sample showed an abnormal nutritional condition, an increased risk for chronic diseases related to obesity, worsening of the psoriatic lesions, and poor quality of life.

  19. Daily Pomegranate Intake Has No Impact on PSA Levels in Patients with Advanced Prostate Cancer - Results of a Phase IIb Randomized Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Stenner-Liewen, Frank; Liewen, Heike; Cathomas, Richard; Renner, Christoph; Petrausch, Ulf; Sulser, Tullio; Spanaus, Katharina; Seifert, Hans Helge; Strebel, Räto Thomas; Knuth, Alexander; Samaras, Panagiotis; Müntener, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Pomegranate has been shown to prolong PSA doubling time in early prostate cancer, but no data from a placebo controlled trial has been published yet. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the impact of pomegranate juice in patients with prostate cancer.

  20. Caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or therapy in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation with a prior or ongoing history of systemic or invasive fungal infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.R. Zander

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients with a history of or ongoing invasive fungal infection (IFI who undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT have a high risk of reactivation or progression.In a prospective study we evaluated the efficacy and safety of caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or as therapy for persistent disease.Methods: Twenty-eight adult patients were included in this study, all of whom had acute leukemia. At the time of SCT 16 patients had no signs of infection, while in 12 cases radiographic signs (CT scan of florid fungal infections were noted. Caspofungin 50 mg intravenously was given daily from start of conditioning until stable engraftment.Results: No patient experienced side effects leading to the discontinuation of caspofungin. In 14 out of 16 patients (88 % without active signs of infection at start of transplantation, no fungal disease was observed after prophylaxis with caspofungin. In 10 out of 12 cases (83 % with radiographic signs of florid fungal infection pre-transplantation, complete (n=4 or partial (n=6 responses after caspofungin treatment were achieved.Conclusions: The use of caspofungin is safe and effective in high-risk patients with a history of IFI when undergoing allogeneic SCT.

  1. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Sternum Mimicking Bone Metastasis in a Patient with a History of Breast Cancer Evaluated by F-18-FDG PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Treglia, Giorgio; Luca, Giovanella [Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona (Switzerland); Barbara, Muoio; Carmelo, Caldarella [Catholic Univ., Rome (Italy)

    2014-06-15

    A 65-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer (stage T2N0M0 treated with left breast conservative therapy 7 years previously followed by hormone therapy) underwent fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18-FDG PET/CT) for restaging due to increased serum tumour markers levels (CA15-3, 37 U/ml and CEA, 8 ng/ml). The patient presented thoracic pain before performing F-18-FDG PET/CT. PET/CT demonstrated an area of increased F-18-FDG uptake corresponding to an osteolytic lesion occupying the upper sternum suspicious for bone metastasis. No other areas of abnormal F-18-FDG uptake were detected in the rest of the body. Based on this PET/CT finding, the patient performed biopsy of the sternal lesion. Histology demonstrated the presence of a sternal plasmacytoma and the patient was addressed to radiation therapy. The role of F-18-FDG PET/CT in patients with multiple myeloma is well known, whereas only some articles evaluated the usefulness of this method in patients with solitary plasmacytomas. In particular, F-18-FDG PET/CT may be useful in demonstrating the evolution of solitary plasmacytomas in multiple myeloma. In our case F-18-FDG PET/CT was useful in detecting a solitary plasmacytoma of the sternum mimicking bone metastasis in a patient with history of breast cancer, correctly addressing to further histological evaluation.

  2. Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Sternum Mimicking Bone Metastasis in a Patient with a History of Breast Cancer Evaluated by F-18-FDG PET/CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 65-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer (stage T2N0M0 treated with left breast conservative therapy 7 years previously followed by hormone therapy) underwent fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18-FDG PET/CT) for restaging due to increased serum tumour markers levels (CA15-3, 37 U/ml and CEA, 8 ng/ml). The patient presented thoracic pain before performing F-18-FDG PET/CT. PET/CT demonstrated an area of increased F-18-FDG uptake corresponding to an osteolytic lesion occupying the upper sternum suspicious for bone metastasis. No other areas of abnormal F-18-FDG uptake were detected in the rest of the body. Based on this PET/CT finding, the patient performed biopsy of the sternal lesion. Histology demonstrated the presence of a sternal plasmacytoma and the patient was addressed to radiation therapy. The role of F-18-FDG PET/CT in patients with multiple myeloma is well known, whereas only some articles evaluated the usefulness of this method in patients with solitary plasmacytomas. In particular, F-18-FDG PET/CT may be useful in demonstrating the evolution of solitary plasmacytomas in multiple myeloma. In our case F-18-FDG PET/CT was useful in detecting a solitary plasmacytoma of the sternum mimicking bone metastasis in a patient with history of breast cancer, correctly addressing to further histological evaluation

  3. The value of hysteroscopic-based decision-making in uterine abnormalities during tamoxifen intake in breast cancer patients – preliminary report

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel, Iwona; Olejek, Anita

    2014-01-01

    Women using hormonal therapy for breast cancer are often encountered in clinical practice of breast surgeons, oncologists and gynecologists. Some of them during the course of therapy develop abnormal uterine bleeding or have ultrasound abnormalities detected. In Poland, most of them are still diagnosed using blind curettage, which does not bring a definitive diagnosis or requires repeating the diagnostic procedure. This produces unnecessary fear of malignancy in patients and increases economi...

  4. Long-term urinary toxicity after 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer in patients with prior history of transurethral resection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To report on the long-term urinary morbidity among prostate cancer patients with a prior history of a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) treated with high-dose 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). Methods and Materials: Between 1988 and 1997, 1100 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were treated with 3D-CRT. Of these, 120 patients (8%) were identified as having had a prior TURP and are the subjects of this analysis. The median age was 71 years (range: 49-83 years). The clinical stages of the patients were T1c: 33 (28%); T2a: 38 (32%); T2b: 15 (13%); and T3: 34 (27%). Neoadjuvant androgen ablation therapy was given to 39 (33%). The median radiation dose prescribed to the planning target volume was 75.6 Gy (range: 64.8-81 Gy). The median elapsed time from TURP to initiation of 3D-CRT was 69 months (range: 4-360 months). The median follow-up time was 51 months (range: 18-109 months). Results: Five patients of the 120 with a prior history of TURP (4%) developed a urethral stricture after 3D-CRT which was corrected with dilatation. The 5-year actuarial likelihood of ? Grade 2 late urinary toxicities was 9%. No Grade 4 urinary toxicities were observed in this group of patients. Among 110 patients who were completely continent of urine prior to 3D-CRT, 10 (9%) developed stress incontinence requiring 1 pad daily for protection or experienced occasional leakage (not requiring pad protection). The 5-year incidence of ? Grade 1 s). The 5-year incidence of ? Grade 1 stress incontinence was 18% in patients who developed acute ? Grade 2 GU symptoms during the course of 3D-CRT compared to 7% for patients who experienced Grade 1 or no acute urinary symptoms (p = 0.05). The radiation dose (?75.6 Gy vs. <75.6 Gy), the number of prior TURP procedures, or the volume of resected tissue at the time of TURP had no significant impact on the long-term urinary morbidity outcome. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that the presence of Grade 2 acute urinary symptoms was the only predictor of ? Grade 1 stress incontinence after 3D-CRT in this group of patients. Conclusions: Despite prior TURP, the incidence of ? Grade 3 urinary toxicities is low. Nevertheless, especially among patients with a prior history of TURP who experience Grade 2 acute urinary symptoms during radiation treatment, a higher risk of stress incontinence is observed

  5. Dietary intake increases serum levels of carboxymethil-lysine (CML) in diabetic patients / La ingesta dietaria de carboximetil-lisina (CML) aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de este compuesto en pacientes diabéticos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    N., Jara; M. J., Leal; D., Bunout; S., Hirsch; G., Barrera; L., Leiva; M. P., de la Maza.

    1272-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los productos avanzados de la glicación se producen de forma endógena en relación con la hiperglucemia y el estrés oxidativo. También pueden generarse durante el cocinado o el procesamiento de los alimentos; una vez absorbidos, alteran la función proteica y favorecen la inflamación. Mé [...] todos: Seleccionamos a 40 hombres sanos, 17 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de ambos sexos y 15 pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 de ambos sexos. A cada participante se le realizó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFA) y un recordatorio de 24 horas especialmente adaptado para medir el consumo de CML, antropometría, medición de la presión sanguínea y parámetros bioquímicos en la sangre y la orina. Resultados: Las concentraciones séricas de CML fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con diabetes en comparación con los individuos sanos (p = 0,04). Se encontró una relación directa entre el consumo dietético y las concentraciones séricas de CML en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 (r = 0,53; p = 0,03). Las concentraciones séricas de CML se correlacionan positivamente con la duración de la diabetes mellitus e inversamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC). El alimento que más contribuye al aumento de las concentraciones plasmáticas de CML en estos pacientes fue el consumo de leche en polvo. Conclusión: Se encontró que las concentraciones séricas de CML eran mayores en los sujetos diabéticos, asociado con la duración de la diabetes, como era de esperar, pero también con la ingestión de alimentos que contienen mayores cantidades de CML. El consumo de leche en polvo en este grupo es un factor determinante en el aumento de las concentraciones séricas de CML. Abstract in english Introduction: Advanced glycation end products are produced endogenously, in association with hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. They can also be generated during cooking or food processing and, once absorbed, alter protein function and promote inflammation. Methods: We selected 40 healthy male subj [...] ects, 17 patients with type 2 diabetes of both sexes and 15 patients with type 1 diabetes of both sexes. Each participant underwent both a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour dietary recall specially adapted for measuring CML intake, anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure and biochemical parameters in blood and urine. Results: Serum CML levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (p 0.04), showing a direct relationship between dietary intake and serum levels of CML in T2D patients (r 0.53 p 0.03). sCML levels correlated positively with length of diabetes mellitus, and inversely with body mass index (BMI). The most important dietary factor contributing to raise CML levels in these patients with diabetes was the consumption of milk powder. Conclusion: Serum levels of CML were found to be higher among diabetic subjects, associated to length of diabetes as expected, but also with the ingestion of foods containing higher amounts of ML. The consumption of milk powder in this group is a major determinant of increased serum levels.

  6. Dietary intake increases serum levels of carboxymethil-lysine (CML in diabetic patients La ingesta dietaria de carboximetil-lisina (CML aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de este compuesto en pacientes diabéticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Jara

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Advanced glycation end products are produced endogenously, in association with hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. They can also be generated during cooking or food processing and, once absorbed, alter protein function and promote inflammation. Methods: We selected 40 healthy male subjects, 17 patients with type 2 diabetes of both sexes and 15 patients with type 1 diabetes of both sexes. Each participant underwent both a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ and 24-hour dietary recall specially adapted for measuring CML intake, anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure and biochemical parameters in blood and urine. Results: Serum CML levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (p 0.04, showing a direct relationship between dietary intake and serum levels of CML in T2D patients (r 0.53 p 0.03. sCML levels correlated positively with length of diabetes mellitus, and inversely with body mass index (BMI. The most important dietary factor contributing to raise CML levels in these patients with diabetes was the consumption of milk powder. Conclusion: Serum levels of CML were found to be higher among diabetic subjects, associated to length of diabetes as expected, but also with the ingestion of foods containing higher amounts of ML. The consumption of milk powder in this group is a major determinant of increased serum levels.Introducción: Los productos avanzados de la glicación se producen de forma endógena en relación con la hiperglucemia y el estrés oxidativo. También pueden generarse durante el cocinado o el procesamiento de los alimentos; una vez absorbidos, alteran la función proteica y favorecen la inflamación. Métodos: Seleccionamos a 40 hombres sanos, 17 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de ambos sexos y 15 pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 de ambos sexos. A cada participante se le realizó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFA y un recordatorio de 24 horas especialmente adaptado para medir el consumo de CML, antropometría, medición de la presión sanguínea y parámetros bioquímicos en la sangre y la orina. Resultados: Las concentraciones séricas de CML fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con diabetes en comparación con los individuos sanos (p = 0,04. Se encontró una relación directa entre el consumo dietético y las concentraciones séricas de CML en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 (r = 0,53; p = 0,03. Las concentraciones séricas de CML se correlacionan positivamente con la duración de la diabetes mellitus e inversamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC. El alimento que más contribuye al aumento de las concentraciones plasmáticas de CML en estos pacientes fue el consumo de leche en polvo. Conclusión: Se encontró que las concentraciones séricas de CML eran mayores en los sujetos diabéticos, asociado con la duración de la diabetes, como era de esperar, pero también con la ingestión de alimentos que contienen mayores cantidades de CML. El consumo de leche en polvo en este grupo es un factor determinante en el aumento de las concentraciones séricas de CML.

  7. Impacto del acompañamiento familiar sobre la ingestión de alimentos y el estado depresivo en pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino hospitalizadas Impact of family support over food intake and depressive status in cervical cancer patients during hospitalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Bejarano

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer cérvico uterino constituye un problema de salud pública en México; las pacientes sufren estrés físico y psicológico que conlleva a depresión y pérdida de peso. El comer acompañado tiene efectos positivos en la ingestión de alimentos y en el estado depresivo de pacientes hospitalizados. En nuestra sociedad, la comida es el medio más cercano que la familia tiene para ofrecer cuidados, afecto y ayuda a su ser querido que se manifiesta cada vez más inapetente conforme progresa la enfermedad. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la presencia familiar durante las comidas sobre el estado anímico, ingestión de alimentos, y cambio de peso durante la hospitalización. Metodología: Se estudiaron 106 mujeres que ingresaron a hospitalización del servicio de oncología del Hospital General de México, con diagnóstico de CaCu EC II y III a fin de mejorar condiciones. Se evaluó peso y talla, la dieta mediante recordatorios de 24 horas, al ingreso como al egreso y se aplicó la escala de depresión de Beck; se registró la frecuencia con la que los familiares acompañaron a la paciente durante las comidas. Resultados: Para su análisis se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo al acompañamiento familiar; se encontró que 43 pacientes (40,6% tenían compañía, y 63 pacientes (59,4% se encontraron sin compañía. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la edad, y días de estancia entre los grupos (p > 0,05. Las pacientes acompañadas, contaron con una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos durante su hospitalización (p Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer represents a public health problem in Mexico; the patients suffer physical and psychological stress leading to depression and weight loss. Eating with a relative has positive effects in food ingestion and depressive status in hospitalized patients. In our society, food is the closest way that family members have to bring care and to show affection to the patient that has less appetite as diseasegoes on. Objective: To establish the relationship between presence of the family during the meals and depresion, food intake, and weight variation during hospitalization. Methodology: 106 women admitted to the Oncology Department at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of CUCA clinical stage II and III were studied in order to improve their condition. Weight and height, diet by means of 24 hour recalls were assessed both at hospital admission and discharge, and Beck's depression inventory was applied; the frequency with which the relatives escorted the patient was recorded. Results: Patients were classified in two groups according to the frequency of family escorting; it was found that 43 patients (40.6% were accompanied, and 63 patients (59.4% were not. We did not find significant differences in age and days of hospital stay between the groups (p > 0.05. The escorted patients had more foods available during hospitalization (p < 0.05. Energy consumption (kcal in escorted patients was higher by 12.7% as compared to non-escorted patients. 76.7% of the escorted patients were depressed, as compared to 55% in the non-escorted group. Significant differences were found with regards to clinical status and presence of depression (p < 0.05 between the study groups. Conclusions: Family escorting does not have an influence on the amount of foods consumed during hospitalization or body weight variation; however, it does have an influence on the presence of depression.

  8. Peptides and Food Intake

    OpenAIRE

    EduardoArilla; VicenteBarrios

    2014-01-01

    The mechanisms for controlling food intake involve mainly an interplay between gut, brain, and adipose tissue (AT), among the major organs. Parasympathetic, sympathetic, and other systems are required for communication between the brain satiety center, gut, and AT. These neuronal circuits include a variety of peptides and hormones, being ghrelin the only orexigenic molecule known, whereas the plethora of other factors are inhibitors of appetite, suggesting its physiological relevance in the r...

  9. The effect of protein intake and resistance training on muscle mass in acutely ill old medical patients - A randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Sussi F; Andersen, Aino L

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIM: Stress metabolism is associated with accelerated loss of muscle that has large consequences for the old medical patient. The aim of this study was to investigate if an intervention combining protein and resistance training was more effective in counteracting loss of muscle than standard care. Secondary outcomes were changes in muscle strength, functional ability and body weight. METHODS: 29 acutely admitted old (>65 years) patients were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 14) or to standard care (n = 15). The Intervention Group received 1.7 g protein/kg/day during admission and a daily protein supplement (18.8 g protein) and resistance training 3 times per week the 12 weeks following discharge. Muscle mass was assessed by Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Muscle strength was assessed by Hand Grip Strength and Chair Stand Test. Functional ability was assessed by the de Morton Mobility Index, the Functional Recovery Score and the New Mobility Score. Changes in outcomes from time of admission to three-months after discharge were analysed by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The intention-to-treat analysis showed no significant effect of the intervention on lean mass (unadjusted: ?-coefficient = -1.28 P = 0.32, adjusted for gender: ?-coefficient = -0.02 P = 0.99, adjusted for baseline lean mass: ?-coefficient = -0.31 P = 0.80). The de Morton Mobility Index significantly increased in the Control Group (?-coefficient = -11.43 CI: 0.72-22.13, P = 0.04). No other differences were found. CONCLUSION: No significant effect on muscle mass was observed in this group of acutely ill old medical patients. High compliance was achieved with the dietary intervention, but resistance training was challenging. Clinical trials identifier NCT02077491.

  10. The effect of protein intake and resistance training on muscle mass in acutely ill old medical patients : A randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Sussi F; Andersen, Aino L

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIM: Stress metabolism is associated with accelerated loss of muscle that has large consequences for the old medical patient. The aim of this study was to investigate if an intervention combining protein and resistance training was more effective in counteracting loss of muscle than standard care. Secondary outcomes were changes in muscle strength, functional ability and body weight. METHODS: 29 acutely admitted old (>65 years) patients were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 14) or to standard care (n = 15). The Intervention Group received 1.7 g protein/kg/day during admission and a daily protein supplement (18.8 g protein) and resistance training 3 times per week the 12 weeks following discharge. Muscle mass was assessed by Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Muscle strength was assessed by Hand Grip Strength and Chair Stand Test. Functional ability was assessed by the de Morton Mobility Index, the Functional Recovery Score and the New Mobility Score. Changes in outcomes from time of admission to three-months after discharge were analysed by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The intention-to-treat analysis showed no significant effect of the intervention on lean mass (unadjusted: ?-coefficient = -1.28 P = 0.32, adjusted for gender: ?-coefficient = -0.02 P = 0.99, adjusted for baseline lean mass: ?-coefficient = -0.31 P = 0.80). The de Morton Mobility Index significantly increased in the Control Group (?-coefficient = -11.43 CI: 0.72-22.13, P = 0.04). No other differences were found. CONCLUSION: No significant effect on muscle mass was observed in this group of acutely ill old medical patients. High compliance was achieved with the dietary intervention, but resistance training was challenging. Clinical trials identifier NCT02077491.

  11. The Contribution of Proprioceptive Information to Postural Control in Elderly and Patients with Parkinson’s Disease with a History of Falls

    OpenAIRE

    Bekkers, Esther M. J.; Dockx, Kim; Heremans, Elke; Vercruysse, Sarah; Verschueren, Sabine M. P.; Mirelman, Anat; Nieuwboer, Alice

    2014-01-01

    Proprioceptive deficits negatively affect postural control but their precise contribution to postural instability in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is unclear. We investigated if proprioceptive manipulations differentially affect balance, measured by force plates, during quiet standing in 13 PD patients and 13 age-matched controls with a history of falls. Perceived limits of stability (LoS) were derived from the differences between maximal center of pressure (CoP) displacement in anterior–poste...

  12. Ascending aortic aneurysm in a patient with bicuspid aortic valve, positive history of systemic autoimmune diseases and common genetic factors: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazzone Annamaria

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV and specific systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with cardiovascular manifestation, including aortic aneurysm. We reported a case of 64 year-old patient with BAV and a history of ankylosing spondylitis (AS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, and who developed ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient presented also the homozygosity for genetic variants of MMP9, ACE, MTHFR and PAI-1 genes. Gene-environmental interactions may represent an additional pathogenetic dimension in the still challenging management of the abnormalities of the aortic wall, including dilatation, aneurysm and dissection.

  13. Leiomyosarcoma of the distal femur in a patient with a history of bilateral retinoblastoma: a case report and review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of primary leiomyosarcoma of the distal femoral shaft arising in a patient who had undergone bilateral orbital enucleation for bilateral retinoblastoma several years previously. Radiography demonstrated an osteolytic, expansive lesion with cortical destruction anteriorly in the distal femoral shaft, and these findings were confirmed on CT. MR imaging revealed an expansive intramedullary lesion with cortical breakthrough and soft tissue extension. The occurrence of a second malignancy in patients with a history of bilateral retinoblastoma is well documented. Many different histological types have been described, with osteosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma occurring with the greatest frequency. (orig.)

  14. [The medical history as a historical source. As an example, the story of a war comrade of the "English patient", Count László Ede Almásy (1895-1951) is presented].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, M

    2008-01-17

    The medical history is an important prerequisite for making a diagnosis and for establishing a trust- based doctor-patient relationship. Sometimes they can also serve as a historical source, as this example of an 89-year old patient shows. The patient worked with the Hungarian Count László Ede Almásy (1895-1951) during a German military secret service operation in North Africa during the Second World War. Graf Almásy became internationally famous through the novel "The English Patient" by Michael Ondaatje or rather, through the film of the same name. In the film however, the historical facts were very distorted as the medical history of our patient shows. PMID:18402237

  15. Duodenal ulcer and refined carbohydrate intake: a case-control study assessing dietary fibre and refined sugar intake.

    OpenAIRE

    Katschinski, B. D.; Logan, R. F.; Edmond, M.; Langman, M. J.

    1990-01-01

    An association between duodenal ulceration and a low fibre intake and a high refined carbohydrate diet has been reported. We therefore compared the current diet, smoking habits, social class, and possible other risk factors of 78 patients with duodenal ulcer and a community control group matched for age and sex. Logistic regression for matched sets was used to calculate the relative risks for successive quintiles of dietary fibre and sugar intake before and after adjustment for total calorie ...

  16. Focal nodular hyperplasia-like lesions in patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein: prevalence, MR findings and natural history

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marin, Daniele [Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States); University of Rome Sapienza, Department of Radiological Sciences, Rome (Italy); Galluzzo, Anna; Brancatelli, Giuseppe [Universita di Palermo, Istituto di Radiologia, Palermo (Italy); Plessier, Aurelie; Valla, Dominique [Service d' Hepatologie, Hopital Beaujon, Clichy (France); Vilgrain, Valerie [Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, APHP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Radiology, Clichy (France); Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris (France)

    2011-10-15

    To retrospectively investigate the prevalence, MR findings, natural history, and association with other hepatic lesions of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH)-like lesions in a cohort of consecutive patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV). This retrospective IRB-approved study comprised 58 patients (32 men, 26 women; average age, 50 years) with CTPV who underwent liver MR imaging between 2000 and 2008. MR images were assessed by two radiologists in consensus for the presence of (a) FNH-like lesions and other liver lesions, and (b) other imaging findings. Patients were assigned to a stable or progressive clinical course based on lesion characteristics at follow-up. Twelve of 58 patients (21%) had 38 FNH-like lesions (average size, 1.3 cm). Common findings of FNH-like lesions were isointensity on T2-weighted images (82%), intense and homogeneous enhancement during the arterial phase, and lack of washout during the hepatic venous and interstitial phases (100%). FNH-like lesions were found with other benign liver lesions (1 hemangioma, 1 adenoma) in two patients. Three (25%) patients with FNH-like lesions showed a progressive clinical course. FNH-like lesions are commonly detected in patients with CTPV. Most lesions demonstrate benign imaging findings and stable clinical course. (orig.)

  17. Impacto del acompañamiento familiar sobre la ingestión de alimentos y el estado depresivo en pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino hospitalizadas / Impact of family support over food intake and depressive status in cervical cancer patients during hospitalization

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Bejarano; V., Fuchs; N., Fernández; O., Amancio.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer cérvico uterino constituye un problema de salud pública en México; las pacientes sufren estrés físico y psicológico que conlleva a depresión y pérdida de peso. El comer acompañado tiene efectos positivos en la ingestión de alimentos y en el estado depresivo de pacientes hospi [...] talizados. En nuestra sociedad, la comida es el medio más cercano que la familia tiene para ofrecer cuidados, afecto y ayuda a su ser querido que se manifiesta cada vez más inapetente conforme progresa la enfermedad. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la presencia familiar durante las comidas sobre el estado anímico, ingestión de alimentos, y cambio de peso durante la hospitalización. Metodología: Se estudiaron 106 mujeres que ingresaron a hospitalización del servicio de oncología del Hospital General de México, con diagnóstico de CaCu EC II y III a fin de mejorar condiciones. Se evaluó peso y talla, la dieta mediante recordatorios de 24 horas, al ingreso como al egreso y se aplicó la escala de depresión de Beck; se registró la frecuencia con la que los familiares acompañaron a la paciente durante las comidas. Resultados: Para su análisis se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo al acompañamiento familiar; se encontró que 43 pacientes (40,6%) tenían compañía, y 63 pacientes (59,4%) se encontraron sin compañía. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la edad, y días de estancia entre los grupos (p > 0,05). Las pacientes acompañadas, contaron con una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos durante su hospitalización (p Abstract in english Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer represents a public health problem in Mexico; the patients suffer physical and psychological stress leading to depression and weight loss. Eating with a relative has positive effects in food ingestion and depressive status in hospitalized patients. In our societ [...] y, food is the closest way that family members have to bring care and to show affection to the patient that has less appetite as diseasegoes on. Objective: To establish the relationship between presence of the family during the meals and depresion, food intake, and weight variation during hospitalization. Methodology: 106 women admitted to the Oncology Department at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of CUCA clinical stage II and III were studied in order to improve their condition. Weight and height, diet by means of 24 hour recalls were assessed both at hospital admission and discharge, and Beck's depression inventory was applied; the frequency with which the relatives escorted the patient was recorded. Results: Patients were classified in two groups according to the frequency of family escorting; it was found that 43 patients (40.6%) were accompanied, and 63 patients (59.4%) were not. We did not find significant differences in age and days of hospital stay between the groups (p > 0.05). The escorted patients had more foods available during hospitalization (p

  18. Factores asociados con la irregularidad de la ingesta de Dapsona en pacientes con lepra: Dapsona en pacientes con lepra / Associated factors with irregular intake of Dapsone in leprosy patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis Carlos, Orozco Vargas; Alexandra, García Rueda; Xiomara, Becerra; Efraín, Jaimes Moreno; Luz Dary, Sierra León.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Conocer los factores asociados al cumplimiento del tratamiento en pacientes con lepra, es muy importante para prevenir la resistencia del Mycobacterium leprae y garantizar la cura bacteriológica de estas personas. La prueba de orina para Dapsona, presente en el régimen autoadministrado [...] , es un método sencillo para establecer la regularidad del tratamiento. Objetivo: Explorar los factores asociados a la irregularidad de la ingesta del tratamiento antileproso. Métodos: Estudio de corte transversal de los enfermos que recibieron tratamiento antileproso en un centro dermatológico. La irregularidad se estableció con la prueba de dapsonuria. Se consideró irregular el que presentó la prueba negativa. Las variables sospechosas de influir en la irregularidad se analizaron con regresión logística exacta. Resultados: En el modelo final del análisis multivariado se encontraron cinco variables asociadas, entre éstas sobresalen como factores de riesgo, la ausencia de discapacidad, OR 28.56 (IC90% 1.2-2.1) y la entrega de tratamiento para tiempos mayores a un mes, por cada mes OR 3.41 (IC90% 1.4-9.2) y como factor protector, la aceptación familiar de la enfermedad OR 0.008 (IC90% 0.001-0.24). Conclusión: Aunque es posible que el pequeño tamaño de muestra no haya permitido detectar algunos factores de riesgo informados en otras investigaciones, la mayoría de esos estudios no han realizado análisis multivariado por lo cual es posible que muchos de los factores informados en la literatura no tengan importancia. Salud UIS 2013; 45 (1): 7-14 Abstract in english Introducción: To know the associated factors in the treatment compliance of leprosy patients is very important to prevent the appearance of Mycobacterium leprae resistance and achieve the bacteriological cure of these persons. The urine test for Dapsone, present in the self administered regimens, is [...] a simple method to establish the regularity. Objective: To explore the factors associated with irregular intake of leprosy treatment. Methods: Cross sectional study of patients receiving leprosy treatment in a dermatology center. The irregularity was established with the dapsonuria test. It was considered irregular the patient with a negative dapsonuria test. Variables suspected of influencing the irregular intake were analyzed using exact logistic regression. Results: In the final multivariate model there were five associated variables, among which, the absence of disability OR 28.56( CI90% 1.2-2.1) and the provision of treatment for more than a month OR 3.41 (CI 90% 1.4-9.2) stand out as risk factors and as a protective factor, family acceptance of the disease OR 0.008 (CI 90% 0.001-0.24). Conclusion: Although it is possible that the small sample size did not allow to detect some risk factors reported in other investigations, most of those studies did not use a multivariate analysis, so it is possible too, that many of the factors reported in literature are irrelevant. Salud UIS 2013; 45 (1): 7-14

  19. Episodic sucrose intake during food restriction increases synaptic abundance of AMPA receptors in nucleus accumbens and augments intake of sucrose following restoration of ad libitum feeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, X-X; Lister, A; Rabinowitsch, A; Kolaric, R; Cabeza de Vaca, S; Ziff, E B; Carr, K D

    2015-06-01

    Weight-loss dieting often leads to loss of control, rebound weight gain, and is a risk factor for binge pathology. Based on findings that food restriction (FR) upregulates sucrose-induced trafficking of glutamatergic AMPA receptors to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) postsynaptic density (PSD), this study was an initial test of the hypothesis that episodic "breakthrough" intake of forbidden food during dieting interacts with upregulated mechanisms of synaptic plasticity to increase reward-driven feeding. Ad libitum (AL) fed and FR subjects consumed a limited amount of 10% sucrose, or had access to water, every other day for 10 occasions. Beginning three weeks after return of FR rats to AL feeding, when 24-h chow intake and rate of body weight gain had normalized, subjects with a history of sucrose intake during FR consumed more sucrose during a four week intermittent access protocol than the two AL groups and the group that had access to water during FR. In an experiment that substituted noncontingent administration of d-amphetamine for sucrose, FR subjects displayed an enhanced locomotor response during active FR but a blunted response, relative to AL subjects, during recovery from FR. This result suggests that the enduring increase in sucrose consumption is unlikely to be explained by residual enhancing effects of FR on dopamine signaling. In a biochemical experiment which paralleled the sucrose behavioral experiment, rats with a history of sucrose intake during FR displayed increased abundance of pSer845-GluA1, GluA2, and GluA3 in the NAc PSD relative to rats with a history of FR without sucrose access and rats that had been AL throughout, whether they had a history of episodic sucrose intake or not. A history of FR, with or without a history of sucrose intake, was associated with increased abundance of GluA1. A terminal 15-min bout of sucrose intake produced a further increase in pSer845-GluA1 and GluA2 in subjects with a history of sucrose intake during FR. Generally, neither a history of sucrose intake nor a terminal bout of sucrose intake affected AMPA receptor abundance in the NAc PSD of AL subjects. Together, these results are consistent with the hypothesis, but the functional contribution of increased synaptic incorporation of AMPA receptors remains to be established. PMID:25800309

  20. Comparison of thyroid examination, thyroid scanning and sonography in patients with previous history of radiotherapy of the head for Tinea Capitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: In spite of large number of studies regarding relation between thyroid cancer and childhood irradiation, controversy still exists in management of these patients. This study tries to find optimal method of thyroid evaluation in this group. Methods and patients: In a recall program using mass media in Khorasan, all patients with childhood irradiation were invited for thyroid evaluation. One hundred and eighty patients with previous history of radiation for Tinea Capitis were studied using thyroid examination, thyroid sonography and thyroid scintigraphy. FNAB was performed in all patients with palpable nodules and surgery was recommended. Results: Eighty two cases out of 179 patients (45.8%) had nodules in thyroid examination. The number were 85 from 166 (51.2%) in sonography and 75 from 165 (45.5 %) in thyroid scintigraphy. Using chi-square tests, no significant difference was noted in detection of thyroid nodules in different methods (p=0.78) as well as between the methods (p>0.5). Sonographically detected nodules which were not palpated or were not seen in scintigraphy, were < 10 mm in size in most of cases. FNAB were performed in 60 patients which revealed benign pathology in 89.9 %, inadequated in 5 % and suspicious for malignancy in other 5 % of cases. Also 27 patients underwent surgery and pathological studies showed 3 cases (11.1 %) of papillary carcinoma. Conclusion: This study revealed that sonography detects small nonpalpable nodules which are nects small nonpalpable nodules which are not clinically significant. Very high correlation between the results of thyroid examination and thyroid scintigraphy indicates adequacy of thyroid examination in these patients. we suggest to follow these patients with physical examination and FNAB and use thyroid scanning or sonography in doubtful cases only

  1. Comparison of Thyroid Examination, Thyroid Scanning and Sonography in Patients with Previous History of Radiotherapy of the Head for Tinea Capitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Mehrabi Bahar

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In spite of large number of studies regarding relation between thyroid cancer and childhood irradiation, contraversy still exists management of these patients. This study tries to find optimal method of thyroid evaluation in this group. Methods and patients: In a recall program using mass media in Khorasan, all patients with childhood irradiation were invited for thyroid evaluation. One hundred and eighty patients with previous history of radiation for Tinea Capitis were studied using thyroid examination, thyroid sonography and thyroid scintigraphy. FNAB was performed in all patients with palpable nodules and surgery was recommended. Results: Eighty two cases out of 179 patients (45.8% had nodules in thyroid examination. The number were 85 from 166 (51.2% in sonography and 75 from 165 (45.5% in thyroid scintigraphy. Using Chi-square tests, no significant difference was noted in detection of thyroid nodules in different methods (P=0.78 as well as between the methods (P>0.5. Sonographically detected nodules which were not palpated or were not seen in scintigraphy, were <10 mm in size in most of cases. FNAB were performed in 60 patients which revealed benign pathology in 89.9% inadequate in 5% and suspicious for malignancy in other 5% of cases. Also 27 patients underwent surgery and pathological studies showed 3 cases (11.1 % of papillary carcinoma. Conclution: This study revealed that sonography detects small nonpalpable nodules which are not clinically significant. Very high correlation between the results of thyroid examination and thyroid scintigraphy indicates adequacy of thyroid examination in these patients. We suggest to follow these patients with physical examination and FNAB and use thyroid scanning or sonography in doubtful cases only.

  2. Antioxidant vitamin intake and mortality: the Leisure World Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paganini-Hill, Annlia; Kawas, Claudia H; Corrada, María M

    2015-01-15

    To assess the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and all-cause mortality in older adults, we examined these associations using data from the Leisure World Cohort Study, a prospective study of residents of the Leisure World retirement community in Laguna Hills, California. In the early 1980s, participants (who were aged 44-101 years) completed a postal survey, which included details on use of vitamin supplements and dietary intake of foods containing vitamins A and C. Age-adjusted and multivariate-adjusted (for factors related to mortality in this cohort—smoking, alcohol intake, caffeine consumption, exercise, body mass index, and histories of hypertension, angina, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer) hazard ratios for death were calculated using Cox regression for 8,640 women and 4,983 men (median age at entry, 74 years). During follow-up (1981-2013), 13,104 participants died (median age at death, 88 years). Neither dietary nor supplemental intake of vitamin A or vitamin C nor supplemental intake of vitamin E was significantly associated with mortality after multivariate adjustment. A compendium that summarizes previous findings of cohort studies evaluating vitamin intake and mortality is provided. Attenuation in the observed associations between mortality and antioxidant vitamin use after adjustment for confounders in our study and in previous studies suggests that such consumption identifies persons with other mortality-associated lifestyle and health risk factors. PMID:25550360

  3. Aprendizaje de la historia clínica con pacientes simulados en el grado de Medicina Learning to take medical histories through patients simulation in undergraduate Medical School students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Cristina Rodríguez-Díez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. La utilización de la simulación es habitual en medicina para mejorar el conocimiento y habilidades de competencias. Se pueden utilizar pacientes virtuales, simuladores y pacientes simulados. Nosotros planteamos que alumnos de quinto y sexto curso actúen como pacientes simulados para que sus compañeros de primero aprendan la anamnesis de la historia clínica. Sujetos y métodos. Un total de 207 alumnos de primer curso de grado aprendieron a realizar la historia clínica en una sala de urgencias del centro de simulación entrevistando a pacientes simulados, que eran sus compañeros de quinto y sexto curso. Se evaluaron las historias clínicas realizadas, y para conocer el grado de satisfacción de los estudiantes se pidió que cumplimentasen un cuestionario anónimo tanto a los alumnos de primer curso como a los de cursos superiores. Resultados. La valoración de la calidad de las historias clínicas fue de 8,2 sobre 10. Esta metodología ha sido muy bien valorada. A la pregunta "¿el entrenamiento con pacientes simulados ayuda al aprendizaje para la realización de la historia clínica?", los alumnos de primero puntuaron 9, y los de quinto y sexto, 9,2. Al ítem "¿trabajar con pacientes simulados mejora sus habilidades de comunicación?", ambos grupos puntuaron 8,6. Y para "¿es adecuado el aprendizaje de la historia clínica mediante pacientes simulados previo a su aprendizaje con pacientes reales?", ambos grupos puntuaron 9,3. La valoración de la experiencia como paciente simulado fue de 9,3. Conclusión. El aprendizaje de la historia clínica en primer curso del grado de Medicina mediante pacientes simulados resulta beneficioso para los alumnos. Un contacto temprano con la clínica a partir del aprendizaje basado en la simulación podría mejorar la formación de los estudiantes.Aims. Simulation techniques are commonly used in medical education to improve the acquisition of knowledge, abilities and competencies. Several methods have been proposed: virtual patients, high fidelity devices and standard patients. We propose the use of 5th-6th year Medical School students acting as patients when teaching history taking to their 1st year colleagues. Subjects and methods. A total of 207 students from 1st year Medical School underwent training in history taking at the Simulation Center, with senior students acting as actors. The quality of the written medical records was evaluated by two medical doctors. The satisfaction of all students involved in the course was evaluated through an anonymous voluntary questionnaire. Results. The average score of the written medical histories was 8.2/10, more than satisfactory for our goals. Students' satisfaction rate was high. Mean score on questions inquiring the usefulness of patient simulation in learning how to perform a clinical history was 9/10 and 9.2/10 for first and fifth-sixth year students respectively. Questions on improvement of communication skills scored 8.6/10 and 8.6/10 respectively. The fruitfulness of training with simulated patients before practicing with real patients was 9.3/10 and 9.3/10 respectively. Finally, the assessment of the whole course with simulated patients was of 9.3/10. Conclusion. Learning history taking in first year Medical School with simulated patients acted by senior students was beneficial and user-friendly for both students and actors. An early contact with the clinical practice through simulated patients could improve performance and safety.

  4. Aprendizaje de la historia clínica con pacientes simulados en el grado de Medicina / Learning to take medical histories through patients simulation in undergraduate Medical School students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M. Cristina, Rodríguez-Díez; Juan J., Beunza; Cristina, López-Del Burgo; Omar, Hyder; M. Pilar, Civeira-Murillo; Nieves, Díez.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. La utilización de la simulación es habitual en medicina para mejorar el conocimiento y habilidades de competencias. Se pueden utilizar pacientes virtuales, simuladores y pacientes simulados. Nosotros planteamos que alumnos de quinto y sexto curso actúen como pacientes simulados para que s [...] us compañeros de primero aprendan la anamnesis de la historia clínica. Sujetos y métodos. Un total de 207 alumnos de primer curso de grado aprendieron a realizar la historia clínica en una sala de urgencias del centro de simulación entrevistando a pacientes simulados, que eran sus compañeros de quinto y sexto curso. Se evaluaron las historias clínicas realizadas, y para conocer el grado de satisfacción de los estudiantes se pidió que cumplimentasen un cuestionario anónimo tanto a los alumnos de primer curso como a los de cursos superiores. Resultados. La valoración de la calidad de las historias clínicas fue de 8,2 sobre 10. Esta metodología ha sido muy bien valorada. A la pregunta "¿el entrenamiento con pacientes simulados ayuda al aprendizaje para la realización de la historia clínica?", los alumnos de primero puntuaron 9, y los de quinto y sexto, 9,2. Al ítem "¿trabajar con pacientes simulados mejora sus habilidades de comunicación?", ambos grupos puntuaron 8,6. Y para "¿es adecuado el aprendizaje de la historia clínica mediante pacientes simulados previo a su aprendizaje con pacientes reales?", ambos grupos puntuaron 9,3. La valoración de la experiencia como paciente simulado fue de 9,3. Conclusión. El aprendizaje de la historia clínica en primer curso del grado de Medicina mediante pacientes simulados resulta beneficioso para los alumnos. Un contacto temprano con la clínica a partir del aprendizaje basado en la simulación podría mejorar la formación de los estudiantes. Abstract in english Aims. Simulation techniques are commonly used in medical education to improve the acquisition of knowledge, abilities and competencies. Several methods have been proposed: virtual patients, high fidelity devices and standard patients. We propose the use of 5th-6th year Medical School students acting [...] as patients when teaching history taking to their 1st year colleagues. Subjects and methods. A total of 207 students from 1st year Medical School underwent training in history taking at the Simulation Center, with senior students acting as actors. The quality of the written medical records was evaluated by two medical doctors. The satisfaction of all students involved in the course was evaluated through an anonymous voluntary questionnaire. Results. The average score of the written medical histories was 8.2/10, more than satisfactory for our goals. Students' satisfaction rate was high. Mean score on questions inquiring the usefulness of patient simulation in learning how to perform a clinical history was 9/10 and 9.2/10 for first and fifth-sixth year students respectively. Questions on improvement of communication skills scored 8.6/10 and 8.6/10 respectively. The fruitfulness of training with simulated patients before practicing with real patients was 9.3/10 and 9.3/10 respectively. Finally, the assessment of the whole course with simulated patients was of 9.3/10. Conclusion. Learning history taking in first year Medical School with simulated patients acted by senior students was beneficial and user-friendly for both students and actors. An early contact with the clinical practice through simulated patients could improve performance and safety.

  5. The relationship between the COPD Assessment Test score and airflow limitation in Japan in patients aged over 40 years with a smoking history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshimoto D

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Daisuke Yoshimoto,1 Yasutaka Nakano,2 Katsuya Onishi,3 Gerry Hagan,4 Paul Jones5 1GlaxoSmithKline, Tokyo, 2Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, 3Onishi Heart Clinic, Tsu, Japan; 4Independent consultant, Marbella, Spain; 5Division of Clinical Science, St George’s Hospital, University of London, London, UK Background: A large number of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients in Japan remain undiagnosed, primarily due to the underuse of spirometry. Two studies were conducted to see whether the COPD Assessment Test (CAT in primary care has the potential to identify those patients who need spirometry for a diagnosis of COPD and to determine whether patients with cardiovascular disease had airflow limitation, which could be detected by CAT. Materials and methods: Two multicenter, noninterventional, prospective studies (studies 1 and 2 were conducted across Japan. Patients in both studies were ?40 years old with a smoking history. Those in study 1 were seen in primary care and had experienced repeated respiratory tract infections, but had no diagnosis of COPD. Patients in study 2 were identified in cardiovascular disease clinics when routinely visiting for their cardiovascular disease. All patients completed the CAT prior to lung-function testing by hand-held spirometry. The presence of airflow limitation was defined as a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1/FEV6 ratio <0.73. Results: A total of 3,062 subjects completed the CAT (2,067 in study 1, 995 in study 2; 88.8% were male, and the mean age (± standard deviation was 61.5±11.6 years. Airflow limitation was found in 400 (19.4% patients in study 1, and 269 (27.0% in study 2. The CAT score in patients with airflow limitation was significantly higher than in patients without airflow limitation in both studies: 8.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.9–9.2 versus 7.4 (95% CI 7.1–7.6 in study 1, and 8.3 (95% CI 7.5–9.2 versus 6.4 (95% CI 6.0–6.8 in study 2 (both P<0.001. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the CAT has the potential to identify patients with cardiovascular disease or a history of frequent chest infections who need spirometry to diagnose COPD. Keywords: COPD, CAT, spirometry, airflow limitation

  6. Influence of antecedent radionuclide intake upon assessment of subsequent intakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nature of NPP personnel's operation under conditions of chronic internal irradiation requires multiple measurements of the whole-body inhaled radionuclide contents. The decrease in the time span between two consequent measurements causes a substantial growth in the influence of the antecendent intakes on the evaluation of the intake between the two measurements. This influence has to be corrected since otherwise an overestimate of intakes will result, and thus an overestimate of internal radiation doses. A technique has been developed for correcting the influence of antecedent intakes upon the estimate of subsequent radionuclide inhalations. Based on this technique, a program in MathCAD environment was written, and is being applied for assessing intakes and doses from internal radiation exposure to Kozloduy NPP personnel. (author)

  7. Long-term nutritional assessment of patients with severe short bowel syndrome managed with home enteral nutrition and oral intake Evaluación nutricional a largo plazo de pacientes con grave síndrome de intestino corto controlada con nutrición enteral e ingestión oral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Chaer Borges

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN is used to control the nutritional state after severe intestinal resections. Whenever possible, enteral nutrition (EN is used to promote intestinal rehabilitation and reduce PN dependency. Our aim is to verify whether EN + oral intake (OI in severe short bowel syndrome (SBS surgical adult patients can maintain adequate nutritional status in the long term. Methods: This longitudinal retrospective study included 10 patients followed for 7 post-operative years. Body mass index (BMI, percentage of involuntary loss of usual body weight (UWL, free fat mass (FFM, and fat mass (FM composition assessed by bioelectric impedance, and laboratory tests were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 84 months after surgery. Energy and protein offered in HPN and at long term by HEN+ oral intake (OI, was evaluated at the same periods. The statistical model of generalized estimating equations with p Antecedentes: La nutrición parenteral (NP se emplea para controlar el estado nutricional después de resecciones intestinales extensas. Siempre que sea posible, se empleará la nutrición enteral (NE para favorecer la rehabilitación intestinal y reducir la dependencia de la NP. Nuestro propósito fue verificar si la NE + ingesta oral (IO en el síndrome del intestino corto (SIC grave en pacientes adultos quirúrgicos puede mantener un estado nutricional adecuado a largo plazo. Métodos: Este estudio longitudinal retrospectivo incluyó 10 pacientes seguidos durante 7 años tras la intervención quirúrgica. Se evaluaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC, el porcentaje de pérdida involuntaria del peso corporal habitual (PCH, la masa grasa libre (MGL y la composición de la masa grasa (MG mediante impedancia bioeléctrica, así como los datos de laboratorio a los 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 y 84 meses tras la cirugía. Se evaluaron en los mismos periodos la energía y las proteínas aportadas con la NPD y a largo plazo con la NED + ingesta oral (IO. Se utilizó un modelo estadístico de ecuaciones estimativas generalizadas con una p < 0,05. Resultados: Con la NE + IO a largo plazo hubo un aumento progresivo del PCH, una descenso del IMC, la MGL y la MG (p < 0,05. La retirada de la NP fue posible en ocho pacientes. La complicación más frecuente fue la infección por contaminación del catéter venoso central (CVC (1,2 episodios CVC/paciente/año. Hubo un aumento en el consumo de energía y proteínas proporcionadas por la NED + IO (p < 0,05. Todos los pacientes sobrevivieron al menos dos años, siete durante 5 años y seis durante los 7 años de seguimiento. Conclusiones: los pacientes adultos con SIC quirúrgico nutridos a largo plazo con NED + IO no pudieron mantener un adecuado estado nutricional con una pérdida de MG y de MGL.

  8. Prevalência de adenomas colorretais em pacientes com história familiar para câncer colorretal / Prevalence of colorectal adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bianca, Zandoná; Luciano Pinto de, Carvalho; Julia, Schimedt; Daniela Cerqueira, Koppe; Ruy Takashi, Koshimizu; Afonso Calil Mury, Mallmann.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O câncer colorretal (CCR) é uma doença comum e letal, influenciada por fatores genéticos e ambientais, e pela interação entre ambos. Seu risco está fortemente associado ao número e à idade dos parentes de primeiro grau com história de CCR. O objetivo foi estudar a prevalência de adenomas em paciente [...] s com história familiar de câncer colorretal. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo, tendo como alvo todos os pacientes submetidos à colonoscopia em um hospital de referência da cidade de Porto Alegre, entre 2003 e 2007. Resultados: Dos 2.462 pacientes estudados, 118 apresentaram história familiar para CCR e 2.344 não apresentaram. Nos dois grupos, houve predomínio do sexo feminino (P=0,001). Nos pacientes com adenomas e história familiar para CCR, houve predomínio do sexo feminino. Já nos pacientes com adenomas e sem história familiar, o sexo masculino foi mais frequente (P=0,032). O número de adenomas entre eles não foi estatisticamente significativo (P=0,187). Conclusão: O grupo com história familiar para CCR mostrou mais mulheres (P=0,001) e a idade também foi inferior (P=0,002). A comparação entre o grupo com adenomas e história familiar para CCR mostrou um número maior de mulheres que o grupo com adenomas sem história familiar para CCR (P=0,032). Abstract in english Colorectal cancer is a common and lethal disease, influenced by genetic and environmental factors and the interaction between both. The risk of colorectal cancer is strongly associated with the number and age of first degree relatives with colorectal cancer. Methods: A retrospective study was perfor [...] med having as its objective all the patients submitted to colonoscopy in a reference hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, between 2003 and 2007. The goal is to study the prevalence of adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer. Results: From the 2,462 analyzed patients, 118 had family history for colorectal cancer and 2,344 did not have. In both groups there was predominance of females (P=0.001). In the patients with adenomas and family history of colorectal cancer, there was predominance of females. In the patients with no family history of colorectal cancer there was predominance of males (P=0.032). The number of adenomas between them was not statistically significant (P=0.187). Conclusion: The group with family history of colorectal cancer has shown more women (P=0.001) and the age was also lower (P=0.002). The comparison between the group with adenomas and family history for colorectal cancer has shown a bigger number of women than the group with adenomas with no family history for colorectal cancer (P=0.032).

  9. Prevalência de adenomas colorretais em pacientes com história familiar para câncer colorretal Prevalence of colorectal adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Zandoná

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O câncer colorretal (CCR é uma doença comum e letal, influenciada por fatores genéticos e ambientais, e pela interação entre ambos. Seu risco está fortemente associado ao número e à idade dos parentes de primeiro grau com história de CCR. O objetivo foi estudar a prevalência de adenomas em pacientes com história familiar de câncer colorretal. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo, tendo como alvo todos os pacientes submetidos à colonoscopia em um hospital de referência da cidade de Porto Alegre, entre 2003 e 2007. Resultados: Dos 2.462 pacientes estudados, 118 apresentaram história familiar para CCR e 2.344 não apresentaram. Nos dois grupos, houve predomínio do sexo feminino (P=0,001. Nos pacientes com adenomas e história familiar para CCR, houve predomínio do sexo feminino. Já nos pacientes com adenomas e sem história familiar, o sexo masculino foi mais frequente (P=0,032. O número de adenomas entre eles não foi estatisticamente significativo (P=0,187. Conclusão: O grupo com história familiar para CCR mostrou mais mulheres (P=0,001 e a idade também foi inferior (P=0,002. A comparação entre o grupo com adenomas e história familiar para CCR mostrou um número maior de mulheres que o grupo com adenomas sem história familiar para CCR (P=0,032.Colorectal cancer is a common and lethal disease, influenced by genetic and environmental factors and the interaction between both. The risk of colorectal cancer is strongly associated with the number and age of first degree relatives with colorectal cancer. Methods: A retrospective study was performed having as its objective all the patients submitted to colonoscopy in a reference hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, between 2003 and 2007. The goal is to study the prevalence of adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer. Results: From the 2,462 analyzed patients, 118 had family history for colorectal cancer and 2,344 did not have. In both groups there was predominance of females (P=0.001. In the patients with adenomas and family history of colorectal cancer, there was predominance of females. In the patients with no family history of colorectal cancer there was predominance of males (P=0.032. The number of adenomas between them was not statistically significant (P=0.187. Conclusion: The group with family history of colorectal cancer has shown more women (P=0.001 and the age was also lower (P=0.002. The comparison between the group with adenomas and family history for colorectal cancer has shown a bigger number of women than the group with adenomas with no family history for colorectal cancer (P=0.032.

  10. Increasing Water Intake in Chronic Kidney Disease: Why? Safe? Possible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, William F; Sontrop, Jessica M; Moist, Louise; Huang, S-H

    2015-01-01

    Increased water intake may slow the progression of chronic kidney disease by lowering vasopressin levels. Prior to initiating a large randomized controlled trial on the effect of increased water intake on renal decline, we conducted a six-week pilot study to examine the safety and feasibility of asking adults with chronic kidney disease to increase their water intake. We randomly assigned 29 patients to either a hydration or a control group. The hydration group was asked to increase water intake by 1 to 1.5 l/day relative to their weight, gender, and 24 h urine osmolality, in addition to usual consumed beverages; the control group was asked to continue with usual fluid intake. After six weeks, the change in urine volume was significantly different between groups (0.9 l/day; p = 0.002) with no change in serum sodium and no serious adverse effects. Similarly, preliminary results of our large clinical trial of the same intervention (489 patients enrolled to date) demonstrated a significant separation between groups on 24 h urine volume (at 12 months the mean difference between groups was 1.2 l/day; p separation between groups with respect to urine volume indicates that we will have scientifically reliable data on the effect of increased fluid intake on renal decline. The analysis of primary and secondary outcomes will be conducted at the conclusion of follow-up in July 2016. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:26088042

  11. Intake of Dairy Products in Relation to Periodontitis in Older Danish Adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adegboye, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim; Christensen, L. B.

    2012-01-01

    This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) was classified into four groups: milk, cheese, fermented foods and other foods. Periodontitis was defined as the number of teeth with attachment loss >= 3 mm. Intakes of total dairy calcium (Incidence-rate ratio (IRR) = 0.97; p = 0.021), calcium from milk (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.025) and fermented foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.03) were inversely and significantly associated with periodontitis after adjustment for age, gender, education, sucrose intake, alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, vitamin D intake, heart disease, visits to the dentist, use of dental floss and bleeding on probing, but non-dairy calcium, calcium from cheese and other types of dairy food intakes were not. Total dairy foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.003), milk (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.028) and fermented foods intakes (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.029) were associated with reduced risk of periodontitis, but cheese and other dairy foods intakes were not. These results suggest that dairy calcium, particularly from milk and fermented products, may protect against periodontitis. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

  12. Intake of dairy products in relation to periodontitis in older danish adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adegboye, Amanda R A; Christensen, Lisa B

    2012-01-01

    This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) was classified into four groups: milk, cheese, fermented foods and other foods. Periodontitis was defined as the number of teeth with attachment loss =3 mm. Intakes of total dairy calcium (Incidence-rate ratio (IRR) = 0.97; p = 0.021), calcium from milk (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.025) and fermented foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.03) were inversely and significantly associated with periodontitis after adjustment for age, gender, education, sucrose intake, alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, vitamin D intake, heart disease, visits to the dentist, use of dental floss and bleeding on probing, but non-dairy calcium, calcium from cheese and other types of dairy food intakes were not. Total dairy foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.003), milk (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.028) and fermented foods intakes (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.029) were associated with reduced risk of periodontitis, but cheese and other dairy foods intakes were not. These results suggest that dairy calcium, particularly from milk and fermented products, may protect against periodontitis. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

  13. Familial history of type 2 diabetes in patients from Southern Brazil and its influence on the clinical characteristics of this disease História familiar de diabetes tipo 2 em pacientes do sul do Brasil e sua influência nas características dessa doença

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisy Crispim

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of maternal and paternal history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM in relatives of 644 type 2 diabetic patients from Southern Brazil, and also to evaluate its influence on the clinical characteristics of this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Familial history of type 2 DM was investigated by a questionnaire. The maternal and paternal history was investigated over two generations. Complete data sets on familial history were obtained from 396 patients. RESULTS: In general, 76.6% of the patients reported at least one first-degree affected relative. Besides, 31.6% of the patients reported a maternal history of type 2 DM and 12.6% reported a paternal history. Patients with maternal and/or paternal history presented a lower age at type 2 DM diagnosis when compared to patients without familial history. In addition, patients with only paternal history presented a higher frequency of hypertension than patients with no familial history. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that there is a significant maternal effect in the transmission of type 2 DM in Southern Brazil, and that most of the clinical characteristics of this disease do not differ between patients with or without familial history of type 2 DM.OBJETIVOS: Investigar a presença de história materna e paterna de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM entre familiares de 644 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 provenientes do sul do Brasil, bem como avaliar sua influência nas características clínicas dessa doença. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A história familiar de DM tipo 2 foi investigada através de um questionário, sendo que a presença de história materna e paterna foi investigada em duas gerações. Dados completos sobre história familiar foram obtidos para 396 pacientes. RESULTADOS: Em geral, 76,6% dos pacientes reportaram ao menos um familiar em primeiro grau afetado por DM tipo 2. Além disso, 31,6% dos pacientes relataram uma história materna de DM tipo 2 e 12,6% relataram uma história paterna. Pacientes com história materna e/ou paterna apresentaram uma idade de diagnóstico de DM tipo 2 mais baixa quando comparado a pacientes sem história familiar. Adicionalmente, pacientes que relataram apenas história paterna de DM tipo 2 apresentaram uma maior freqüência de hipertensão do que pacientes sem história familiar. CONCLUSÕES: Nosso estudo sugere que há um efeito materno significativo na transmissão do DM tipo 2 no Sul do Brasil, e que a maioria das características clínicas dessa doença não difere entre pacientes com e sem história familiar de DM tipo 2.

  14. Familial history of type 2 diabetes in patients from Southern Brazil and its influence on the clinical characteristics of this disease / História familiar de diabetes tipo 2 em pacientes do sul do Brasil e sua influência nas características dessa doença

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Daisy, Crispim; Luís H., Canani; Jorge L., Gross; Balduíno, Tschiedel; Kátia E.P., Souto; Israel, Roisenberg.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Investigar a presença de história materna e paterna de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM) entre familiares de 644 pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 provenientes do sul do Brasil, bem como avaliar sua influência nas características clínicas dessa doença. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: A história familiar de DM [...] tipo 2 foi investigada através de um questionário, sendo que a presença de história materna e paterna foi investigada em duas gerações. Dados completos sobre história familiar foram obtidos para 396 pacientes. RESULTADOS: Em geral, 76,6% dos pacientes reportaram ao menos um familiar em primeiro grau afetado por DM tipo 2. Além disso, 31,6% dos pacientes relataram uma história materna de DM tipo 2 e 12,6% relataram uma história paterna. Pacientes com história materna e/ou paterna apresentaram uma idade de diagnóstico de DM tipo 2 mais baixa quando comparado a pacientes sem história familiar. Adicionalmente, pacientes que relataram apenas história paterna de DM tipo 2 apresentaram uma maior freqüência de hipertensão do que pacientes sem história familiar. CONCLUSÕES: Nosso estudo sugere que há um efeito materno significativo na transmissão do DM tipo 2 no Sul do Brasil, e que a maioria das características clínicas dessa doença não difere entre pacientes com e sem história familiar de DM tipo 2. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of maternal and paternal history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in relatives of 644 type 2 diabetic patients from Southern Brazil, and also to evaluate its influence on the clinical characteristics of this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Familial history of ty [...] pe 2 DM was investigated by a questionnaire. The maternal and paternal history was investigated over two generations. Complete data sets on familial history were obtained from 396 patients. RESULTS: In general, 76.6% of the patients reported at least one first-degree affected relative. Besides, 31.6% of the patients reported a maternal history of type 2 DM and 12.6% reported a paternal history. Patients with maternal and/or paternal history presented a lower age at type 2 DM diagnosis when compared to patients without familial history. In addition, patients with only paternal history presented a higher frequency of hypertension than patients with no familial history. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that there is a significant maternal effect in the transmission of type 2 DM in Southern Brazil, and that most of the clinical characteristics of this disease do not differ between patients with or without familial history of type 2 DM.

  15. Increased brain amyloid deposition in patients with a lifetime history of major depression: evidenced on 18F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) positron emission tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The literature suggests that a history of depression is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to examine brain amyloid accumulation in patients with lifetime major depression using 18F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) PET imaging in comparison with that in nondepressed subjects. The study groups comprised 25 depressed patients and 11 comparison subjects who did not meet the diagnostic criteria for AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Vascular risk factors, homocysteine and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype were also examined. The standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) of each volume of interest was analysed using whole the cerebellum as the reference region. Patients with a lifetime history of major depression had higher 18F-florbetapir SUVRs in the precuneus (1.06 ± 0.08 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, p = 0.045) and parietal region (1.05 ± 0.08 vs. 0.98 ± 0.07, p = 0.038) than the comparison subjects. Voxel-wise analysis revealed a significantly increased SUVR in depressed patients in the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital areas (p 18F-florbetapir SUVRs and prior depression episodes, age at onset of depression, or time since onset of first depression. Increased 18F-florbetapir binding values were found in patients with late-life major depression relative to comparison subjects in specific brain regions, despite no differences in age, sex, education, Mini Mental Status Examination score, vascular risk factor score, homocysteine and ApoE ?4 genotype between the two groups. A longitudinal follow-up study with a large sample size would be worthwhile. (orig.)

  16. Increased brain amyloid deposition in patients with a lifetime history of major depression: evidenced on {sup 18}F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) positron emission tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Kuan-Yi; Chen, Chia-Hsiang; Liu, Chia-Yih [Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Department of Psychiatry, Tao-Yuan (China); Hsiao, Ing-Tsung; Hsieh, Chia-Ju [Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Center, Tao-Yuan (China); Chang Gung University, Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences and Healthy Aging Research Center, Tao-Yuan (China); Chen, Cheng-Sheng [Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung (China); Wai, Yau-Yau [Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology, Tao-Yuan (China); Chang, Chee-Jen [Chang Gung University, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, Tao-Yuan (China); Chang Gung University, Clinical Informatics and Medical Statistics Research Center, Tao-Yuan (China); Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Biostatistical Center for Clinical Research, Tao-Yuan (China); Tseng, Hsiao-Jung [Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Biostatistical Center for Clinical Research, Tao-Yuan (China); Yen, Tzue-Chen; Lin, Kun-Ju [Chang Gung University, Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences and Healthy Aging Research Center, Tao-Yuan (China); Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Center, Tao-Yuan (China)

    2014-04-15

    The literature suggests that a history of depression is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to examine brain amyloid accumulation in patients with lifetime major depression using {sup 18}F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) PET imaging in comparison with that in nondepressed subjects. The study groups comprised 25 depressed patients and 11 comparison subjects who did not meet the diagnostic criteria for AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Vascular risk factors, homocysteine and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype were also examined. The standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) of each volume of interest was analysed using whole the cerebellum as the reference region. Patients with a lifetime history of major depression had higher {sup 18}F-florbetapir SUVRs in the precuneus (1.06 ± 0.08 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, p = 0.045) and parietal region (1.05 ± 0.08 vs. 0.98 ± 0.07, p = 0.038) than the comparison subjects. Voxel-wise analysis revealed a significantly increased SUVR in depressed patients in the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital areas (p < 0.01). There were no significant associations between global {sup 18}F-florbetapir SUVRs and prior depression episodes, age at onset of depression, or time since onset of first depression. Increased {sup 18}F-florbetapir binding values were found in patients with late-life major depression relative to comparison subjects in specific brain regions, despite no differences in age, sex, education, Mini Mental Status Examination score, vascular risk factor score, homocysteine and ApoE ?4 genotype between the two groups. A longitudinal follow-up study with a large sample size would be worthwhile. (orig.)

  17. Vitamin K Intake and Atherosclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    It has been hypothesized that insufficient intake of vitamin K may increase soft tissue calcification due to impaired gamma-carboxylation of the vitamin K-dependent protein, matrix gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (MGP). The evidence to support this putative role of vitamin K intake in atherosclerosis is ...

  18. Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis in a patient with a 7-year history of being diagnosed as schizophrenia: complexities in diagnosis and treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chaohua; Kang, Yukun; Zhang, Bo; Li, Bin; Qiu, Changjian; Liu, Shanming; Ren, Hongyan; Yang, Yanchun; Liu, Xiehe; Li, Tao; Guo, Wanjun

    2015-01-01

    Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a form of autoimmune encephalitis associated with antibodies against the NR1 subunits of NMDARs. Although new-onset acute prominent psychotic syndromes in patients with NMDAR encephalitis have been well documented, there is a lack of case studies on differential diagnosis and treatment of anti-NMDAR encephalitis after a long-term diagnostic history of functional psychotic disorders. The present study reports an unusual case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis. The patient had been diagnosed with schizophrenia 7 years earlier, and was currently hospitalized for acute-onset psychiatric symptoms. The diagnosis became unclear when the initial psychosis was confounded with considerations of other neurotoxicities (such as neuroleptic malignant syndrome). Finally, identification of specific immunoglobulin G NR1 autoantibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid and greater effectiveness of immunotherapy over antipsychotics alone (which has been well documented in anti-NMDAR encephalitis) indicated the diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in this case. Based on the available evidence, however, the relationship between the newly diagnosed anti-NMDAR encephalitis and the seemingly clear, long-term history of schizophrenia in the preceding 7 years is uncertain. This case report illustrates that psychiatrists should consider anti-NMDAR encephalitis and order tests for specific immunoglobulin G NR1 autoantibodies in patients presenting with disorientation, disturbance of consciousness, cognitive deficit, dyskinesia, autonomic disturbance, or rapid deterioration, even with a seemingly clear history of a psychiatric disorder and no specific findings on routine neuroimaging, electroencephalography, or cerebrospinal fluid tests in the early stage of the illness.

  19. Performance of adenosine “stress-only” perfusion MRI in patients without a history of myocardial infarction: a clinical outcome study

    OpenAIRE

    Lubbers, Daniel D; Rijlaarsdam-Hermsen, Dorine; Kuijpers, Dirkjan; Kerkhof, Marjan,; Sijens, Paul E.; van Dijkman, Paul R. M.; Oudkerk, Matthijs

    2011-01-01

    To assess the diagnostic value of adenosine “stress-only” myocardial perfusion MR for ischemia detection as an indicator for coronary angiography in patients without a prior myocardial infarction and a necessity to exclude ischemia. Adenosine perfusion MRI was performed at 1.5 T in 139 patients with a suspicion of ischemia and no prior myocardial infarction. After 3 min of adenosine infusion a perfusion sequence was started. Patients with a perfusion defect were referred to coronary angiograp...

  20. Power plant intake entrainment analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power plant condenser cooling water intake entrainment of fish eggs and larvae is becoming an issue in evaluating environmental impacts around the plants. Methods are required to evaluate intake entrainment on different types of water bodies. Presented in this paper is a derivation of the basic relationships for evaluating entrainment from the standing crop of fish eggs and larvae for different regions of a water body, and evaluating the rate of entrainment from the standing crop. These relationships are coupled with a 3D hydrodynamic and transport model that provides the currents and flows required to complete the entrainment evaluation. Case examples are presented for a simple river system, and for the more complex Delaware River Estuary with multiple intakes. Example evaluations are made for individual intakes, and for the cumulative impacts of multiple intakes

  1. Intake and excretion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Of radioiodine metabolism in man, the relations between intake, thyroidal uptake and excretion are explained. The internal radiation dose to the thyroid for public population is mainly given through the intake of contaminated food in all the ages. In the gestation, the fetus is exposed most to radioiodine immediately before delivery and the dose is estimated to amount a few times higher than the maternal thyroid. Importance of both the cow's milk and the breast milk as the sources of contaminant, is emphasized. Babyhood for 6 months after delivery, in this age are estiperiod as to the thyroidal exposure by radioiodine because the dose in his age are estimated to be over 30 times for 131I and about 9 times for 129I as compared with that to the adult. Because of its long-term residence in the environment, 129I is incorporated into cereals, leafy vegetables and meat besides milk. However, the critical age is still in the babyhood for 6 months after birth. Radioiodine given in a form of sodium iodide is actually completely absorbed in the intestines. However, the thyroidal uptake rate and the biological half-life are depresesed by administration of inorganic iodide. Radioiodine given in the form of sodium iodide is actually completely absorbed in the intestines. However, the thyroids uptake rate and the biological half-life are depressed by administration of inorganic iodide. Radioiodine both in the protein-binding fraction and in the totae protein-binding fraction and in the total fraction of metabolised cow's milk, reaches the thyroid in the same manner as that given in a form of inorganic iodide. While, rats given radioiodine incorporated into seaweed, excreted tremendous amount of the nuclide into feces which resulted in very low uptake of the nuclide by the thyroid. To estimate population dose from radioiodine, the absorption rate of radioiodine may be one of the most important parameters. (author)

  2. Smoking and sugar intake are separate but interactive risk factors in Crohn's disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Katschinski, B; Logan, R.F.; Edmond, M; Langman, M J

    1988-01-01

    Previous studies have consistently found strong positive associations between refined sugar intake and Crohn's disease (CD) and recently between smoking and CD. As refined sugar intake and smoking are themselves associated we have enquired about smoking and added sugar intake (AS) and smoking in CD using a postal questionnaire sent to 104 CD patients and 153 community controls. Smoking and AS were associated with one another. After adjusting for AS, smoking showed a significant association wi...

  3. Socioeconomic Status is Significantly Associated with Dietary Salt Intakes and Blood Pressure in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Sumiko Kurioka; Masaya Takahashi; Akihito Shimazu; Akiomi Inoue; Norito Kawakami; Hideki Hashimoto; Akizumi Tsutsumi; Setsuko Taneichi; Yixuan Song; Koichi Miyaki; Takuro Shimbo

    2013-01-01

    The association of socioeconomic status (SES) with nutrients intakes attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary salt intake and health outcomes in general Japanese workers (2,266) who participated in this Japanese occupational cohort. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Dietary intakes were assessed with a validated, brief, self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ). Multiple linear regression and str...

  4. Natural history of platelet antibody formation against ?IIb?3 in a French cohort of Glanzmann thrombasthenia patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiore, M; Firah, N; Pillois, X; Nurden, P; Heilig, R; Nurden, A T

    2012-05-01

    Treatment of the bleeding syndrome in Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is often complicated by naturally occurring isoantibodies directed against the ?IIb?3 integrin that cause the removal of or render ineffective transfused donor platelets. Such antibodies are produced after transfusion or pregnancy when the patient's immune system comes into contact with normal platelets. Despite many reports of anti-?IIb?3 antibodies in GT patients, there is no consensus pertaining to their frequency, their long-term evolution in the circulation, or their formation in relation to either (i) the extent of the ?IIb?3 deficiency in the patient's platelets or (ii) the nature of the genetic defect (ITGA2B or ITGB3 genes). Antibody screening was performed on a large series of 24 GT patients in South-West France dividing the patients into two cohorts: (i) 16 patients with the French gypsy mutation (c.1544 + 1G>A) within ITGA2B that gives platelets totally lacking ?IIb?3 and (ii) 8 patients carrying other defects of ITGA2B or ITGB3 with different expression levels of ?IIb?3. Our results confirm that patients with premature termination mutations resulting in platelets lacking ?IIb?3 are the most susceptible to form isoantibodies, a finding that may be useful in deciding the choice of therapy between platelet transfusion and the use of recombinant factor VIIa (FVIIa). PMID:22250950

  5. Early appearance of osteonecrosis of the jaw after zoledronic acid in a patient with a long history of taking oral bisphosphonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uña, Esther

    2012-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a serious side effect in patients receiving intravenous nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (B). It has also been reported to occur due to oral administration of B. Most cases will appear after receiving B for more than 1 year. The authors report a case of a 67-year-old woman with osteoporosis who had received oral alendronate sodium for 2 years and stopped the treatment due to dyspepsia. 18 months later she was diagnosed with breast cancer and bone metastases. She started a treatment based on aromatase inhibitors and zoledronic acid (Z). She developed ONJ soon after the third administration. She was treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and a chlorexidine colutory. She recovered 3 months later. ONJ secondary to Z may occur also earlier than it was thought in patients with a history of taking oral B. PMID:22605820

  6. Gastric carcinoid tumor in a patient with a past history of gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the stomach

    OpenAIRE

    Hung, Chien-Yuan; Chen, Ming-Jen; Shih, Shou-Chuan; Liu, Tsang-Pai; Chan, Yu-Jan; Wang, Tsang-En; Chang, Wen-Hsiung

    2008-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most common mesenchymal tumor in the gastrointestinal tract. It may coexist with other type of cancers, and if so, the tumors usually involve the stomach. The most common associated cancers are gastrointestinal carcinomas. We report a 65-year-old woman with a history of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor who had undergone subtotal segmental gastrectomy. New polypoid lesions were detected on a follow-up gastroscopy one year later. The lesions were biop...

  7. Effectiveness of L-thyroxine treatment on TSH suppression during pregnancy in patients with a history of thyroid carcinoma after total thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are scarce data about the optimal increase of L-thyroxine dose during pregnancy in patients with a history of thyroid carcinoma. The first aim of the study was to find out if routine therapeutic measures enable adequate TSH suppression in pregnancy. The other aim was to find out the optimal dose of L-thyroxine for TSH suppression in pregnant women. In this retrospective observational study, we analysed 36 pregnancies of 32 women with a history of thyroid carcinoma. Before pregnancy, all of them underwent total thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation of thyroid remnant, and they were on suppressive doses of L-thyroxine. Thyroid function tests were obtained before, during and after pregnancy. Mean L-thyroxine dose before pregnancy, in the first, second and, third trimester and after delivery was 149, 147, 155, 165 and 158 micrograms daily, respectively. TSH concentration remained suppressed in 9 pregnancies, it was within normal range in 22 and elevated in 5 pregnancies. The mean dose of L-thyroxine in patients with suppressed TSH before pregnancy, in the first, second and, third trimester and after delivery was 154, 154, 164, 160 and 161 micrograms daily, respectively. When the dose had to be changed, the mean increase of the dose was 31.5 micrograms daily. The range of changes in TSH concentration during pregnancy in the patients who have been on suppressive L-thyroxine therapy before conception is quite wide. TSH was adequately suppressed in only 25% of pregnancies. The dose of L-thyroxine in patients with suppressed TSH in the first, second and third trimester was 154, 164 and 160 micrograms daily, respectively

  8. Food and nutrient intake in relation to mental wellbeing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albanes Demetrius

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We studied food consumption and nutrient intake in subjects with depressed mood, anxiety and insomnia as indices of compromised mental wellbeing. Methods The study population consisted of 29,133 male smokers aged 50 to 69 years who entered the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study in 1985–1988. This was a placebo-controlled trial to test whether supplementation with alpha-tocopherol or beta-carotene prevents lung cancer. At baseline 27,111 men completed a diet history questionnaire from which food and alcohol consumption and nutrient intake were calculated. The questionnaire on background and medical history included three symptoms on mental wellbeing, anxiety, depression and insomnia experienced in the past four months. Results Energy intake was higher in men who reported anxiety or depressed mood, and those reporting any such symptoms consumed more alcohol. Subjects reporting anxiety or depressed mood had higher intake of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. Conclusions Our findings conflict with the previous reports of beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids on mood.

  9. Natural history of tuberculosis: duration and fatality of untreated pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV negative patients: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Tiemersma, E. W.; Werf, M. J.; Borgdorff, M. W.; Williams, B. G.; Nagelkerke, N. J. D.

    2011-01-01

    Background The prognosis, specifically the case fatality and duration, of untreated tuberculosis is important as many patients are not correctly diagnosed and therefore receive inadequate or no treatment. Furthermore, duration and case fatality of tuberculosis are key parameters in interpreting epidemiological data. Methodology and Principal Findings To estimate the duration and case fatality of untreated pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV negative patients we reviewed studies from the p...

  10. Structured data entry for narrative data in a broad specialty: patient history and physical examination in pediatrics

    OpenAIRE

    van Ginneken Astrid M; Derksen-Lubsen Gerarda; Bleeker Sacha E; Van der Lei Johan; Moll Henriëtte A

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Whereas an electronic medical record (EMR) system can partly address the limitations, of paper-based documentation, such as fragmentation of patient data, physical paper records missing and poor legibility, structured data entry (SDE, i.e. data entry based on selection of predefined medical concepts) is essential for uniformity of data, easier reporting, decision support, quality assessment, and patient-oriented clinical research. The aim of this project was to explore whe...

  11. Chronic eosinophilic leukemia with the FIP1L1-PDGFRalpha fusion gene in a patient with a history of combination chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Yasuhiro; Kurata, Masayuki; Togami, Katsuhiro; Fujita, Haruyuki; Watanabe, Naoko; Matsushita, Akiko; Maeda, Akinori; Nagai, Kenichi; Sada, Akiko; Matsui, Toshimitsu; Takahashi, Takayuki

    2006-02-01

    Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) was diagnosed in December 2000 in a 43-year-old man on the basis of persistent eosinophilia (11.7 x 10(9)/L) and a normal karyotype of the bone marrow cells. He had developed intra-abdominal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and in 1992 had received 3 courses of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin (Adriamycin), cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexate, bleomycin, and prednisolone. The patient was orally given prednisolone (10 mg/day) and cyclophosphamide (50 mg/day) as HES treatment without a subsequent improvement of the eosinophilia. In May 2003, anemia (hemoglobin, 7.9 g/dL) and thrombocytopenia (65 x 10(9)/L) manifested with progressive eosinophilia (21.0 x 10(9)/L) and a small number of blasts. The patient became febrile and was admitted in July 2003. Cytogenetic reexamination of the bone marrow cells disclosed the deletion of 4q12, indicating the presence of a fusion of the Fip1-like 1 (FIP1L1) gene to the plateletderived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha) gene and consequently the clonal nature of his hematopoietic cells. DNA sequence analysis demonstrated that the breakpoints of the FIP1L1 and PDGFRalpha genes were present in exon 9 and exon 12, respectively. Treatment with imatinib mesylate (300 mg/day) promptly brought about complete remission. Although a number of similar eosinophilic cases have been reported, our patient may be the first such patient with a history of chemotherapy. PMID:16513534

  12. Asymptomatic cerebrovascular lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus lacking a history of neuropsychiatric events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To clarify the extent of asymptomatic cerebrovascular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and ultrasonography findings of 100 patients with SLE lacking present or past clinical neurologic deficits were compared with 66 age-matched volunteers to determine the combined intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery, and tests for anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL). Thirty-eight patients, but only 2 controls, showed imaging abnormalities. Among 23 SLE patients with cerebrovascular lesions by MRI who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 14 showed hypoperfusion of the lesion. The IMT value and prevalence of aCL did not differ between the 55 SLE patients tested and controls. SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) as assessed by a quantitative clinical index was significantly greater in patients with brain lesions than in those without. The prevalence of asymptomatic brain lesions in SLE patients is high, and shows a relationship to disease activity. (author)

  13. Asymptomatic cerebrovascular lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus lacking a history of neuropsychiatric events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nomura, Kumiko; Yamano, Shigeru; Ikeda, Yukiko [Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan)] (and others)

    1999-10-01

    To clarify the extent of asymptomatic cerebrovascular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and ultrasonography findings of 100 patients with SLE lacking present or past clinical neurologic deficits were compared with 66 age-matched volunteers to determine the combined intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery, and tests for anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL). Thirty-eight patients, but only 2 controls, showed imaging abnormalities. Among 23 SLE patients with cerebrovascular lesions by MRI who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 14 showed hypoperfusion of the lesion. The IMT value and prevalence of aCL did not differ between the 55 SLE patients tested and controls. SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) as assessed by a quantitative clinical index was significantly greater in patients with brain lesions than in those without. The prevalence of asymptomatic brain lesions in SLE patients is high, and shows a relationship to disease activity. (author)

  14. 027. Interesting case: obese patient with chronic dyspnoea, elevation of left diaphragm and history of orthopeadic surgery on the left shoulder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrysocherakis, Grigoris; Papagoras, Christos; Papanikolaou, Nikolaos; Zachariades, Emmanouil

    2015-01-01

    Objective We present an unusual cause of diaphragm elevation related to prior anesthetic procedure. Case presentation Patient 50 years old, obese, ex-smoker (40 p/y) with history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hypertension and dyslipidemia was admitted to the Euroclinic complaining of dyspnoea mainly on exertion. Few years before the admission, the patient underwent a surgical treatment of left shoulder assisted by regional anesthetic procedure (interscalene brachial plexus block). Clinical and laboratory findings SpO2: 94%. After exertion: 97%. Auscultation: no breathing sounds at the left lower lobe. Chest X-ray (CXR) and Chest CT-scan: Left diaphragm elevation. Abdomen CT scan: normal. Radioscopy: delayed movement of the left diaphragm compared to the right. Normal contraction at sniff test: spirometry: mixed type (mixed pattern) with good response to bronchodilation of obstructive component. Plethysmography: TLC at lower normal limits. RV and RV/TLC increased. Nocturnal oxymetry: average SpO2: 92%, desaturation index: 4.6/h. Neurologic evaluation: normal. The patient was treated with bronchodilators. We suggested weight control, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spinal cervical tract and pulmonary and neurological following. Discussion Several studies focus on respiratory complications due to regional anesthetic procedures especially on brachial plexus. The complication rate increases in case of obese and “short neck” patients. The phrenic nerve blockade is usually temporary but some patients might suffer from permanent phrenic disfunction and concomitant shortness of breath. Special attention is needed in case of COPD, obesity or sleep apnoea syndrome. The procedure is contraindicated in severe chronic respiratory obstructive or restrictive disease. Moreover, newest surgical and anesthetic procedures (such as robotic surgery of the abdomen), have an increased pulmonary adverse events in above mentioned population. Conclusions Pulmonary complications in anesthesiology and surgery are increasingly present even in modern regional procedures. The need for pulmonary consultation is of great importance in the preoperative evaluation of the patient.

  15. Semi-quantitative assessment of cerebral blood flow with 99mTc-HMPAO SPET in type I diabetic patients with no clinical history of cerebrovascular disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 65 type I diabetic patients we prospectively evaluated brain perfusion by means of single-photon emission tomography after the injection of 740- 1110 MBq of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime. Thirty-five of the patients presented complications secondary to their diabetes. None showed CNS symptoms. A semiquantitative analysis was performed drawing 50 symmetrical regions of interest (ROIs) per patient. The relative contribution of each ROI to the total blood flow in each slice was compared with the relative contribution of the same ROI in a control group of ten healthy volunteers. Relative values of any ROI in the study group higher or lower than the mean ±2 SD in respect of the same ROI in the control group were considered abnormal. The results revealed hypoperfusion in 207 ROIs in the 65 patients with diabetes mellitus: of these ROIs, 113 were frontal, 10 frontotemporal, 20 temporal, 18 parietal, 11 occipital and 35 cerebellar. A total of 137 ROIs showed hyperperfusion: 17 frontal, 3 frontotemporal, 19 temporal, 18 parietal, 19 parieto-occipital, 29 occipital and 32 cerebellar. Out of 65 type I diabetic patients, 61 showed at least one hypoperfused ROI (P = 0.0064 vs. controls) and 25 showed more than three hypoperfused ROIs. None of the control subjects showed more than three hypoperfused regions (P<0.001). The results obtained demonstrate the existence of subclinical abnormalities of brain blood perfusion in patients with type I diabetes mellitus anpatients with type I diabetes mellitus and no history of cerebrovascular disease, thereby allowing the initiation of intensive preventive measures. (orig.)

  16. Valoración de la ingesta de nutrientes y energía en paciente crítico bajo terapia nutricional enteral / Nutrients and energy intake assessment in the critically ill patient on enteral nutritional therapy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Abilés; G., Lobo; A., Pérez de la Cruz; M., Rodríguez; E., Aguayo; M. A., Cobo; R., Moreno-Torres; A., Aranda; J., Llopis; C., Sánchez; E., Planells.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivos: El enfermo crítico es especialmente susceptible a la desnutrición debido a que su situación hipermetabólica conlleva a un aumento de los requerimientos nutricionales, que muchas veces no se cubren con el aporte de las fórmulas enterales suministradas. El estudio de la inges [...] ta nutricional resulta imprescindible en este tipo de paciente para conocer en qué medida se cubren sus necesidades energético-nutricionales, mejorando y monitorizando la terapia clínico-nutricional a seguir de la manera más personalizada posible. Metodología: Es un estudio retrospectivo en el que se evaluaron todos los pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Virgen de las Nieves desde enero a diciembre de 2003, mayores de 18 años bajo tratamiento nutricional enteral. Se estudiaron un total de 90 pacientes (52 hombres y 38 mujeres), el 81% de los mismos eran mayores de 50 años de edad, el 57% tuvieron estancias superiores a 8 días con una mortalidad del 21%. Se valoró la ingesta desde el ingreso y durante todo el período de hospitalización. Los requerimientos energéticos se calcularon a partir de la fórmula de Long modificada y se compararon las ingestas de micronutrientes con las recomendaciones generales existentes tanto para la población española como la europea la americana, y los requerimientos vitamínicos para pacientes en estado grave. Resultados: En la figura 1 se presentan los porcentajes de ingestas medias de energía y nutrientes con relación a los requerimientos teóricos calculados para ambos sexos. El aporte energético medio fue para los hombres de 1.326 cal y de 917 cal para las mujeres. Con respecto a la ingesta de macronutrientes, los valores encontrados tanto para las proteínas como para las grasas y los carbohidratos fueron inferiores al 50% de los requerimientos en ambos sexos. En la figura 2 se observa el porcentaje de adecuación a los requerimientos en el consumo de vitaminas y minerales. Las recomendaciones utilizadas como referencia corresponden a ingestas suficientes para cubrir requerimientos de individuos sanos, por lo tanto, los valores obtenidos en nuestro estudio muestran una adecuación superior al 75%, salvo casos particulares como la vitamina A y el magnesio. Sin embargo al observar la figura 3, el cual nos muestra la adecuación de las ingestas vitamínicas a las dosis recomendadas para pacientes enfermos, la ingesta es inferior al 25% de lo requerido en todos los casos, estas deficiencias repercuten de manera significativa en la cicatrización, el sistema inmune, el cardiovascular y el nervioso así como en el metabolismo del resto de macronutrientes, provocando un desequilibrio en el sistema antioxidante y empeorando la situación clínica del paciente. Conclusiones: El presente estudio nos confirma la necesidad de monitorizar de una manera personalizada las necesidades nutricionales en el paciente crítico y adaptar las recomendaciones a sus cambios metabólicos, ya que las mismas no están claramente definidas para estas situaciones en la actualidad. Es necesario aportar dosis de micronutrientes que se acerquen más a sus necesidades y así preservar o mejorar el estado nutricional y el equilibrio del sistema antioxidante, haciendo más eficaz el tratamiento clínico aplicado. Abstract in english Introduction and objectives: The critically ill patient is especially susceptible to malnutrition due to his/her hypermetabolic state that leads to an increase in the nutritional requirementes, which many times are not compensated with the administered enteral formulas. The assessment of nutritional [...] intake is essential in this kind of patients to know to what level their energetic and nutritional requirements are fulfilled, improving and monitoring in the most individualized possible way to indicated clinical and nutritional therapu. Methodology: This is a retrospective study in which all patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Virgen de las Nieves Hospital were studied from January to December of 2003

  17. Valoración de la ingesta de nutrientes y energía en paciente crítico bajo terapia nutricional enteral Nutrients and energy intake assessment in the critically ill patient on enteral nutritional therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Abilés

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivos: El enfermo crítico es especialmente susceptible a la desnutrición debido a que su situación hipermetabólica conlleva a un aumento de los requerimientos nutricionales, que muchas veces no se cubren con el aporte de las fórmulas enterales suministradas. El estudio de la ingesta nutricional resulta imprescindible en este tipo de paciente para conocer en qué medida se cubren sus necesidades energético-nutricionales, mejorando y monitorizando la terapia clínico-nutricional a seguir de la manera m??s personalizada posible. Metodología: Es un estudio retrospectivo en el que se evaluaron todos los pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Virgen de las Nieves desde enero a diciembre de 2003, mayores de 18 años bajo tratamiento nutricional enteral. Se estudiaron un total de 90 pacientes (52 hombres y 38 mujeres, el 81% de los mismos eran mayores de 50 años de edad, el 57% tuvieron estancias superiores a 8 días con una mortalidad del 21%. Se valoró la ingesta desde el ingreso y durante todo el período de hospitalización. Los requerimientos energéticos se calcularon a partir de la fórmula de Long modificada y se compararon las ingestas de micronutrientes con las recomendaciones generales existentes tanto para la población española como la europea la americana, y los requerimientos vitamínicos para pacientes en estado grave. Resultados: En la figura 1 se presentan los porcentajes de ingestas medias de energía y nutrientes con relación a los requerimientos teóricos calculados para ambos sexos. El aporte energético medio fue para los hombres de 1.326 cal y de 917 cal para las mujeres. Con respecto a la ingesta de macronutrientes, los valores encontrados tanto para las proteínas como para las grasas y los carbohidratos fueron inferiores al 50% de los requerimientos en ambos sexos. En la figura 2 se observa el porcentaje de adecuación a los requerimientos en el consumo de vitaminas y minerales. Las recomendaciones utilizadas como referencia corresponden a ingestas suficientes para cubrir requerimientos de individuos sanos, por lo tanto, los valores obtenidos en nuestro estudio muestran una adecuación superior al 75%, salvo casos particulares como la vitamina A y el magnesio. Sin embargo al observar la figura 3, el cual nos muestra la adecuación de las ingestas vitamínicas a las dosis recomendadas para pacientes enfermos, la ingesta es inferior al 25% de lo requerido en todos los casos, estas deficiencias repercuten de manera significativa en la cicatrización, el sistema inmune, el cardiovascular y el nervioso así como en el metabolismo del resto de macronutrientes, provocando un desequilibrio en el sistema antioxidante y empeorando la situación clínica del paciente. Conclusiones: El presente estudio nos confirma la necesidad de monitorizar de una manera personalizada las necesidades nutricionales en el paciente crítico y adaptar las recomendaciones a sus cambios metabólicos, ya que las mismas no están claramente definidas para estas situaciones en la actualidad. Es necesario aportar dosis de micronutrientes que se acerquen más a sus necesidades y así preservar o mejorar el estado nutricional y el equilibrio del sistema antioxidante, haciendo más eficaz el tratamiento clínico aplicado.Introduction and objectives: The critically ill patient is especially susceptible to malnutrition due to his/her hypermetabolic state that leads to an increase in the nutritional requirementes, which many times are not compensated with the administered enteral formulas. The assessment of nutritional intake is essential in this kind of patients to know to what level their energetic and nutritional requirements are fulfilled, improving and monitoring in the most individualized possible way to indicated clinical and nutritional therapu. Methodology: This is a retrospective study in which all patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Virgen de las Nieves Hospital were studied from January to December of 2003, aged more than 18 years, and

  18. High-producing MBL2 genotypes increase the risk of acute and chronic carditis in patients with history of rheumatic fever.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schafranski, MD; Pereira Ferrari, L

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatic fever (RF) and its most severe sequela, chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD), are mediated by an abnormal immunological host response following a Streptococcus pyogenes oropharyngeal infection. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), a collectin that activates complement, binds to N-acetylglucosamine, a molecule present on the streptococcus cell wall and on human heart valves. As high levels of MBL and MBL2 associated genotypes have previously been seen to be associated with CRHD, we investigated the association between MBL2 polymorphisms and the presence of acute carditis and arthritis in patients with a history of RF. Polymorphisms in exon 1 and in the X/Y promoter region of the MBL2 gene were determined by PCR-SSP in 149 patients with a history of RF and 147 controls. Genotypes associated with the high production of MBL (YA/YA and YA/XA) were more frequent in the patients with acute (26/35, 74%) and chronic carditis (79/107, 74%) when compared to the controls (79/147, 54%; OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.09-5.67, p=0.035 and OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.41-4.16, p=0.001, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that MBL levels >2800ng/ml increased the risk of CRHD (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.41-6.03, p=0.003). Among the RF patients without cardiac sequela, YA/YA and YA/XA genotypes were significantly associated with acute carditis when compared to the patients without this clinical manifestation (26/28, 93% vs. 9/14, 64%, OR 7.22, 95% CI 1.18-43.98, p=0.031); on the other hand, arthritis was more frequently observed in those patients presenting MBL2 genotypes related to the low production of MBL (10/14, 71% vs. 10/28, 36%; p=0.048, OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.05-0.89). We concluded that MBL2 genotypes associated with the high production of MBL seem to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatic carditis and its progression to CRHD.

  19. High-producing MBL2 genotypes increase the risk of acute and chronic carditis in patients with history of rheumatic fever

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schafranski, Marcelo Derbli; Pereira Ferrari, Lílian

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatic fever (RF) and its most severe sequela, chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD), are mediated by an abnormal immunological host response following a Streptococcus pyogenes oropharyngeal infection. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), a collectin that activates complement, binds to N-acetylglucosamine, a molecule present on the streptococcus cell wall and on human heart valves. As high levels of MBL and MBL2 associated genotypes have previously been seen to be associated with CRHD, we investigated the association between MBL2 polymorphisms and the presence of acute carditis and arthritis in patients with a history of RF. Polymorphisms in exon 1 and in the X/Y promoter region of the MBL2 gene were determined by PCR-SSP in 149 patients with a history of RF and 147 controls. Genotypes associated with the high production of MBL (YA/YA and YA/XA) were more frequent in the patients with acute (26/35, 74%) and chronic carditis (79/107, 74%) when compared to the controls (79/147, 54%; OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.09-5.67, p=0.035 and OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.41-4.16, p=0.001, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that MBL levels >2,800 ng/ml increased the risk of CRHD (OR 2.91, 95% CI 1.41-6.03, p=0.003). Among the RF patients without cardiac sequela, YA/YA and YA/XA genotypes were significantly associated with acute carditis when compared to the patients without this clinical manifestation (26/28, 93% vs. 9/14, 64%, OR 7.22, 95% CI 1.18-43.98, p=0.031); on the other hand, arthritis was more frequently observed in those patients presenting MBL2 genotypes related to the low production of MBL (10/14, 71% vs. 10/28, 36%; p=0.048, OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.05-0.89). We concluded that MBL2 genotypes associated with the high production of MBL seem to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatic carditis and its progression to CRHD.

  20. Dietary Intake and the Metabolic Syndrome in Overweight Latino Children

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura, Emily E.; Davis, Jaimie N.; Alexander, Katharine E.; Shaibi, Gabriel Q.; Lee, Won; Byrd-williams, Courtney E.; Toledo-corral, Claudia M.; Lane, Christianne J.; Kelly, Louise A.; Weigensberg, Marc J.; Goran, Michael I.

    2008-01-01

    Little is known about the relationship between diet and metabolic health in Latino children, a population at increased risk for diabetes. The present study evaluates diet composition and the metabolic syndrome in a cross-sectional sample of 109 overweight Latino children aged 10 to 17 years with a family history of type 2 diabetes. Dietary intake was assessed by two 24-hour recalls. Associations between nutrients and features of the metabolic syndrome were examined using multiple linear regre...

  1. Power Plant Water Intake Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeitoun, Ibrahim H.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    In order to adequately assess the impact of power plant cooling water intake on an aquatic ecosystem, total ecosystem effects must be considered, rather than merely numbers of impinged or entrained organisms. (Author/RE)

  2. Incidence of psychoses among drug dependent patients in primary care with no psychiatric history: a retrospective observational matched-cohort study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Martin, Frisher; Orsolina I., Martino; James, Bashford; Ilana, Crome; Peter, Croft.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: While several studies have indicated a link between illicit drug use and the development of psychosis, the confounding role of pre-existing psychiatric illness is unclear. This study controls for this factor to a greater extent than has hitherto been possible, using a retr [...] ospective observational matched-cohort design controlling for age, gender, socioeconomic status and prior psychiatric illness. Methods: 592 cases (diagnosed with drug misuse/dependence) and 592 controls (no recorded history of drug misuse/dependence) were drawn from all patients aged 16-44 in 183 practices within the General Practice Research Database (UK). On study entry, cases and controls had never had a psychiatric diagnosis since registering with their practice. The average look-back period was 17.7 years. The main outcome measure was diagnosis of psychosis (including schizophrenia) from study entry onwards. Results: Patients with a drug misuse/dependence diagnosis are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with psychosis than those with no drug misuse/dependence history (RR = 2.10, 95% C.I. = 1.23-3.59) with the relative risk increasing as the definition of psychosis gets narrower. Conclusions: This study has established that, when the confounding presence of previous psychiatric illness is removed, the onset of problematic substance misuse severe enough to warrant primary care consultation is a risk factor for future onset of first-ever psychotic illness. Thus, there is a distinct sub-group of psychotic patients among whom drug misuse/dependence, with no prior psychiatric illness, is a risk factor for the development of psychoses.

  3. Radioprotective Effect of Moderate Wine Consumption in Patients With Breast Carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Given the high cost and side effects of radioprotective agents such as amifostine, attention has been focused on potentially equally effective but less expensive and toxic natural substances. We evaluated the potential radioprotective effects of wine in preventing skin toxicity in patients with breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Before treatment, the medical history and habits of patients were assessed and the information recorded in their clinical folders. Patients were divided into three groups based on the dose/fractionation scheme used: control group, 60.4 Gy (standard technique); Modulated Accelerated Radiotherapy in Adjuvant treatment of breast cancer (MARA)-1 protocol group, 44 Gy (concomitant boost to tumoral bed); and MARA-2 protocol group, 60 Gy (concomitant boost to tumoral bed). The impact of the following variables on acute skin toxicity was evaluated by chart review: radiotherapy protocol, planning target volume (PTV), comorbidity (e.g., hypertension and diabetes), hemoglobin level before therapy, adjuvant hormone therapy, adjuvant chemotherapy, cigarette smoking, and drinking habits. Results: The study population consisted of 348 patients. More severe skin toxicity was significantly associated with the radiotherapy protocol (p < 0.001) and median PTV (p = 0.005). In addition, the incidence of acute toxicity of Grade 2 or greater was higher in patients without alcohol intake (38.4% vs. 22.3%, p = 0.021). The daily amount of alcohol intake als1). The daily amount of alcohol intake also influenced the incidence of skin toxicity, with an incidence of 38.4% in patients with no wine intake, 31.8% in patients drinking half a glass per day, 13.6% in patients drinking one glass per day, and 35.0% in patients drinking two glasses per day. Multivariate analysis showed that wine intake, PTV, and radiotherapy protocol were all significantly correlated with acute toxicity. Conclusions: Our results indicate that wine may have a radioprotective effect; however, prospective studies are needed to confirm this beneficial effect of wine and its components.

  4. Dietary Salt Intake and Hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Ha, Sung Kyu

    2014-01-01

    Over the past century, salt has been the subject of intense scientific research related to blood pressure elevation and cardiovascular mortalities. Moderate reduction of dietary salt intake is generally an effective measure to reduce blood pressure. However, recently some in the academic society and lay media dispute the benefits of salt restriction, pointing to inconsistent outcomes noted in some observational studies. A reduction in dietary salt from the current intake of 9-12 g/day to the ...

  5. Food Intake and Stress, Human

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, K.; Goodwin, GM

    2010-01-01

    The intake of food is critical for the survival of any organism. There are complex homeostatic mechanisms that ensure that when food is restricted the drive to eat increases. However, there is now growing evidence that behaviors such as dieting, during which eating behavior is purposefully modified for cosmetic or health reasons, may affect other behaviors, including mood and the ability to cope under stressful circumstances. Conversely, stress can alter food intake, and the degree to which t...

  6. Usual Intake of Cured meat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usual Intake of Cured meat Table A25. Cured meat: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.7 (0.04) 0.2 (0.04) 0.3

  7. The Investigation of the Relation Between INR Levels and Risk of Complication in Patients with a History of Warfarin use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Emre ERO?LU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Warfarin is the most commonly used oral anticoagulant agent. In overdose situations, serious complications may occur. The aim of the study was to determine the correlation between the international normalized ratio (INR levels and complications due to warfarin.Patients and Methods: The study was performed prospectively at the Department of Emergency Medicine, Marmara University Hospital between July 2006 and July 2007. Patients whose complaints were due to warfarin overdose were included in the study. The presentations and outcomes of these patients were analyzed. SPSS 15.0 was used for the analysis. The Chi-square test was used for the statistical analysis. The statistical difference p0.05.Conclusion: There is no significant correlation between the INR levels and the severity of the bleeding (p>0.05. (Marmara Medical Journal 2012;25:138-42

  8. Design of seawater intake facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seawater intake facilities are installed in thermal and nuclear power plants, chemical plants and others, and these consist of intakes, channels, screens, pumps, service pipings, outlets and so on. In this paper, taking the seawater intake facilities for thermal and nuclear power plants as an example, the fundamentals related to their design are described. The layout of intake facilities is determined by examining the various conditions of location, such as the form and peripheral conditions of the site and the condition of sea area. The selection of the position and the type of intakes must be carried out, considering water temperature, waves, littoral drift, suspended matter, marine organism and others. In the planning of channels, slope, the deposition of earth, the adhesion of marine organism, the variation of water level and others must be examined. The clogging and the difference of water level at screens, the requirement for pump rooms and circulating pumps, high flow velocity in seawater pipes and valves, the type of outlets and the corrosion prevention of intake facilities are discussed. (Kako, I.)

  9. Prognostic value of myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging in elderly patients without history of coronary artery disease and low prevalence of them

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elderly patients without history of coronary artery disease are difficult to characterized because the clinical symptoms are often atypical, occult or absent. On the other hand, these patients frequently cannot achieve adequate level of exercise during stress testing and this limitation can compromise the diagnostic and prognostic ability of the test. Generally the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion SPECT is well established for a general population but not for elderly patients. Aim: This study assessed the prognostic value of Tc99m-sestamibi SPECT in a group of patients older than 65 years with low prevalence of coronary artery disease. Material and Methods: Population: 161 consecutive patients older than 65 years without history of coronary artery disease and low prevalence of them were studied with Tc99m-sestamibi SPECT perfusion imaging. Mean age 71 years old (65-87), male 55%, mean pretest likelihood 11%. Risk factors: diabetes 17%, high blood pressure 74%, high cholesterol 45%, smokers 88%. Stress test: bicycle exercise 39% and dipyridamole 61%. Myocardial perfusion SPECT: semiquantitative analysis to evaluate perfusion defects with a 14-segments model and 4-point scoring system for uptake reduction. Scintigraphic indices: SSS (sum of the stress scores), SRS (sum of the rest scores) and SDS (SSS-SRS). Follow up: cardiac events: hard (acute myocardial infarction and cardiac death) and soft (need for PTCA/CABG and angina). Results: Mean follow up: 508 days. gina). Results: Mean follow up: 508 days. Events rate: hard 0.6% (1 acute myocardial infarction), soft 5.6%. Univariate analysis identified sex (p=0.017) and SDS (p=0.009) as cardiac events predictors. Complete or reduced (independent variables which predicted events) logistic regression analysis correctly predicted the absence of events but did not predict the presence of events. Conclusion: In this elderly population with a low clinical risk where the stress test is a suboptimal method of study for coronary artery disease, semiquantitative myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging is a useful tool for prognostic evaluation

  10. Doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction in unselected patients with a history of early-stage breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caram, Megan E V; Guo, Cui; Leja, Monika; Smerage, Jeffrey; Henry, N Lynn; Giacherio, Donald; Rubenfire, Melvyn; Schott, Anne; Davis, Melinda; Hayes, Daniel F; Van Poznak, Catherine; Cooney, Kathleen A; Hertz, Daniel L; Banerjee, Mousumi; Griggs, Jennifer J

    2015-07-01

    Cardiomyopathy is a known complication of anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy and is more commonly reported in population-based studies of breast cancer survivors than in clinical trials. This study prospectively evaluated the prevalence of elevated cardiac biomarkers in unselected patients who had been treated with doxorubicin for early-stage breast cancer and the prevalence of reduced LVEF in patients with an elevated biomarker. All participants underwent an examination, symptom inventory, medical record review, and biomarker analysis for BNP, troponin, and plasma and urine NT-proBNP. Patients who had one or more elevated biomarkers were referred for echocardiogram; systolic dysfunction was defined as LVEF less than 55 %. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the associations between age, BMI, cumulative dose of doxorubicin, diabetes, hypertension, and left-sided radiation therapy and the risk of reduced LVEF. Among the 269 patients who underwent lab testing (mean age 56 years, mean time since completion of doxorubicin-based chemotherapy 6 years), 192 (72 %) had one or more elevated biomarker. Among the 166 patients who completed an echocardiogram, 11.5 % had a LVEF < 55 %. After adjusting for covariates known to affect cardiac function, multivariable logistic regression revealed plasma NT-proBNP to be the only measured cardiac biomarker associated with systolic dysfunction. There is a relationship between NT-proBNP and the frequency of reduced LVEF in women treated with doxorubicin for curative intent; further study of NT-proBNP as a potential biomarker for subclinical cardiac dysfunction after exposure to anthracyclines is warranted. PMID:26050157

  11. Stigma, social reciprocity and exclusion of HIV/AIDS patients with illicit drug histories: A study of Thai nurses' attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoové Mark A

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stigma is a key barrier for the delivery of care to patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA. In the Asia region, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has disproportionately affected socially marginalised groups, in particular, injecting drug users. The effect of the stigmatising attitudes towards injecting drug users on perceptions of PLWHA within the health care contexts has not been thoroughly explored, and typically neglected in terms of stigma intervention. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a group of twenty Thai trainee and qualified nurses. Drawing upon the idea of 'social reciprocity', this paper examines the constructions of injecting drug users and PLWHA by a group of Thai nurses. Narratives were explored with a focus on how participants' views concerning the high-risk behaviour of injecting drug use might influence their attitudes towards PLWHA. Results The analysis shows that active efforts were made by participants to separate their views of patients living with HIV/AIDS from injecting drug users. While the former were depicted as patients worthy of social support and inclusion, the latter were excluded on the basis that they were perceived as irresponsible 'social cheaters' who pose severe social and economic harm to the community. Absent in the narratives were references to wider socio-political and epidemiological factors related to drug use and needle sharing that expose injecting drug users to risk; these behaviours were constructed as individual choices, allowing HIV positive drug users to be blamed for their seropositive status. These attitudes could potentially have indirect negative implications on the nurses' opinions of patients living with HIV/AIDS more generally. Conclusion Decreasing the stigma associated with illicit drugs might play crucial role in improving attitudes towards patients living with HIV/AIDS. Providing health workers with a broader understanding of risk behaviours and redirecting government injecting drug policy to harm reduction are discussed as some of the ways for stigma intervention to move forward.

  12. Gastric carcinoid tumor in a patient with a past history of gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the stomach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Yuan Hung, Ming-Jen Chen, Shou-Chuan Shih, Tsang-Pai Liu, Yu-Jan Chan, Tsang-En Wang, Wen-Hsiung Chang

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most common mesenchymal tumor in the gastrointestinal tract. It may coexist with other type of cancers, and if so, the tumors usually involve the stomach. The most common associated cancers are gastrointestinal carcinomas. We report a 65-year-old woman with a history of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor who had undergone subtotal segmental gastrectomy. New polypoid lesions were detected on a follow-up gastroscopy one year later. The lesions were biopsied and found to be carcinoid tumors. There was serum hypergastrinemia, and type 1 gastric carcinoid tumor was diagnosed. A total gastrectomy was performed. Pathologic examination revealed both carcinoid tumors and a recurrent gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

  13. Case report of right hamate hook fracture in a patient with previous fracture history of left hamate hook: is it hamate bipartite?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norton Sandra

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hamate hook fracture is a common fracture in golfers and others who play sports that involve rackets or sticks such as tennis or hockey. This patient had a previous hamate fracture in the opposing wrist along with potential features of hamate bipartite. Case presentation A 19 year old male presented with a complaint of right wrist pain on the ulnar side of the wrist with no apparent mechanism of injury. The pain came on gradually one week before being seen in the office and he reported no prior care for the complaint. His history includes traumatic left hamate hook fracture with surgical excision. Conclusion The patient was found to have marked tenderness over the hamate and with a prior fracture to the other wrist, computed tomography of the wrist was ordered revealing a fracture to the hamate hook in the right wrist. He was referred for surgical evaluation and the hook of the hamate was excised. Post-surgically, the patient was able to return to normal activity within eight weeks. This case is indicative of fracture rather than hamate bipartite. This fracture should be considered in a case of ulnar sided wrist pain where marked tenderness is noted over the hamate, especially after participation in club or racket sports.

  14. Basophil Activation Test with Food Additives in Chronic Urticaria Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Min-gyu; Song, Woo-jung; Park, Han-ki; Lim, Kyung-hwan; Kim, Su-jung; Lee, Suh-young; Kim, Sae-hoon; Cho, Sang-heon; Min, Kyung-up; Chang, Yoon-seok

    2014-01-01

    The role of food additives in chronic urticaria (CU) is still under investigation. In this study, we aimed to explore the association between food additives and CU by using the basophil activation test (BAT). The BAT using 15 common food additives was performed for 15 patients with CU who had a history of recurrent urticarial aggravation following intake of various foods without a definite food-specific IgE. Of the 15 patients studied, two (13.3%) showed positive BAT results for one of the te...

  15. Increased IFN? Activity and Differential Antibody Response in Patients with a History of Lyme Disease and Persistent Cognitive Deficits

    OpenAIRE

    Jacek, Elzbieta; Fallon, Brian A.; Chandra, Abhishek; Crow, Mary K.; Wormser, Gary P.; Alaedini, Armin

    2012-01-01

    Following antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease, some patients report persistent or relapsing symptoms of pain, fatigue, and/or cognitive deficits. Factors other than active infection, including immune abnormalities, have been suggested, but few clues regarding mechanism have emerged. Furthermore, the effect of antibiotic treatment on immune response in affected individuals remains unknown. In this study, a longitudinal analysis of specific immune markers of interest was carried out in patien...

  16. Nocturnal Diaphoresis Secondary to Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Patient with a History of Two Malignancies

    OpenAIRE

    Vorona, Robert Daniel; Szklo-coxe, Mariana; Fleming, Mark; Ware, J. Catesby

    2013-01-01

    Numerous medical disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, may cause nocturnal diaphoresis. Previous work has associated severe obstructive sleep apnea with nocturnal diaphoresis. This case report is of import as our patient with severe nocturnal diaphoresis manifested only mild sleep apnea, and, for years, his nocturnal diaphoresis was ascribed to other causes, i.e., first prostate cancer and then follicular B-cell lymphoma. Additionally, it was the nocturnal diaphoresis and not more com...

  17. After history of combined treatment of patients with hysterocarcinoma using 5-Fu radiomodification in preoperative course of radioactive therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Authors assessed influence of such procedure on a rate of tumor cells detection in operative field and on vaginal scar during surgical operation. Authors made analysis of immediate and distant data of combined treatment of patients with hysterocarcinoma using 5-fluorouracil radiomodification on preoperative course of radioactive therapy.It is defined that application proposed method significantly improves ablastics of surgical operation and lads to increasing of recurrence-free period on 12.2% in comparison with control group

  18. Stigma, social reciprocity and exclusion of HIV/AIDS patients with illicit drug histories: A study of Thai nurses' attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Stoové Mark A; Chan Kit; Reidpath Daniel D

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Stigma is a key barrier for the delivery of care to patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). In the Asia region, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has disproportionately affected socially marginalised groups, in particular, injecting drug users. The effect of the stigmatising attitudes towards injecting drug users on perceptions of PLWHA within the health care contexts has not been thoroughly explored, and typically neglected in terms of stigma intervention. Methods Semi-structured inte...

  19. Nutritional status assessment in colorectal cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Joana Pedro; de Castro Cardoso Pereira, Paula Manuela; dos Reis Baltazar Vicente, Ana Filipa; Bernardo, Alexandra; de Mesquita, María Fernanda

    2013-01-01

    The present study intended to evaluate the nutritional status of Portuguese colorectal patients and associated it with surgery type as well as quality of life outcomes. Malnutrition can affect up to 85% of cancer patients and specifically 30-60% in colorectal cancer and can significantly influence health outcomes. A sample of 50 colorectal cancer patients was evaluated in what refers to several anthropometric measures, food intake, clinical history, complications rate before and after surgery procedure. The sample was divided between convention and fast-track procedures. Most of the individuals were overweight or obese but had lost weight on the past six months. Despite mild, there were signs of malnutrition in this sample with high losses of fat free mass, weight and also fat mass during the hospitalization period. These results reinforce the importance of malnutrition assessment in colorectal patients as well as consider weight loss on the past months and body composition in order to complement nutritional status evaluation. PMID:23822693

  20. Low dietary intake of linoleic acid predisposes to myocardial infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson, H C R; Barker, K; Carter, R. D.; Cassels, E; Mann, J.I

    1982-01-01

    Thirty-two men who had recently had a myocardial infarction were matched individually for age with controls who had no evidence of heart disease. The patients had a significantly lower proportion of linoleic acid and a higher proportion of palmitic acid in their plasma triglyceride fatty acids. Analysis of the composition of red-cell membrane phosphatidyl choline, which reflects long-term dietary fat intake, showed a significantly lower proportion of linoleic acid in the patients.

  1. Family history of the cancer on the survival of the patients with gastrointestinal cancer in northern Iran, using frailty models

    OpenAIRE

    Rasouli Mahboobeh; Zeraati Hojjat; Mohammad Kazem; Mahmoodi Mahmood; Ghadimi Mahmoodreza; Sheikhfathollahi Mahmood

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancer is one of the common causes of the mortality due to cancer in most developing countries such as Iran. The digestive tract is the major organ involved in the cancer. The northern part of the country, surrounded the Caspian Sea coast, is well known and the region with highest regional incidence of the GI tract cancer. In this paper our aim is to study the most common risk factors affecting the survival of the patients suffering from GI trac...

  2. Avaliação do consumo de uma baixa quantidade diária de soja no estresse oxidativo, no perfil lipídico e inflamatório e na resistência à insulina em pacientes com síndrome metabólica / Evaluation of the intake of a low daily amount of soybeans in oxidative stress, lipid and inflammatory profile, and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Larissa Danielle, Bahls; Danielle, Venturini; Nicole de Angelis, Scripes; Marcell Alysson Batisti, Lozovoy; Tathiana Name Colado, Simão; Andréa Name Colado, Simão; Isaias, Dichi; Helena Kaminami, Morimoto.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudos demonstram que o consumo regular de soja diminui o risco cardiovascular e de diabetes. No entanto, grande parte desses estudos preconiza a ingestão diária de 25 g ou mais de proteína de soja, quantidade essa considerada alta e não bem tolerada pelos pacientes. O objetivo deste trab [...] alho foi avaliar o efeito do baixo consumo diário de soja no estresse oxidativo e nos componentes da síndrome metabólica (SM). SUJEITOS E MÉTODOS:Quarenta indivíduos com SM foram selecionados e alocados em dois grupos: grupo controle (n = 20) e grupo soja (n = 20), que consumiu diariamente 12,95 g de proteína de soja, durante 90 dias. RESULTADOS:Após o tratamento o grupo soja apresentou diminuição da glicemia de jejum e aumento nos níveis de HDL e adiponectina. CONCLUSÃO: O consumo de uma baixa quantidade de soja por 90 dias, além de bem tolerado pelos pacientes, foi capaz de melhorar vários parâmetros relacionados à fisiopatologia da SM. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE:Studies show that regular consumption of soybeans reduces the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, most of these studies recommend daily intake of 25 g or more of soy protein, an amount considered high and not well tolerated by patients. The objective of this study was to [...] assess the effect of low daily intake of soybeans in oxidative stress and in components of the metabolic syndrome (MS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty individuals with MS were selected and divided into two groups: control group (n = 20) and soybean-treated group (n = 20), which consumed 12.95 g of soy protein for 90 days. RESULTS: After the treatment, the soybean-treated group showed a decrease in fasting glucose and increase in serum HDL and adiponectin. CONCLUSION:Low intake of soy protein for 90 days, besides being well tolerated by the patients, was able to improve several parameters related to the pathophysiology of MS.

  3. Avaliação do consumo de uma baixa quantidade diária de soja no estresse oxidativo, no perfil lipídico e inflamatório e na resistência à insulina em pacientes com síndrome metabólica Evaluation of the intake of a low daily amount of soybeans in oxidative stress, lipid and inflammatory profile, and insulin resistance in patients with metabolic syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Danielle Bahls

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudos demonstram que o consumo regular de soja diminui o risco cardiovascular e de diabetes. No entanto, grande parte desses estudos preconiza a ingestão diária de 25 g ou mais de proteína de soja, quantidade essa considerada alta e não bem tolerada pelos pacientes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do baixo consumo diário de soja no estresse oxidativo e nos componentes da síndrome metabólica (SM. SUJEITOS E MÉTODOS:Quarenta indivíduos com SM foram selecionados e alocados em dois grupos: grupo controle (n = 20 e grupo soja (n = 20, que consumiu diariamente 12,95 g de proteína de soja, durante 90 dias. RESULTADOS:Após o tratamento o grupo soja apresentou diminuição da glicemia de jejum e aumento nos níveis de HDL e adiponectina. CONCLUSÃO: O consumo de uma baixa quantidade de soja por 90 dias, além de bem tolerado pelos pacientes, foi capaz de melhorar vários parâmetros relacionados à fisiopatologia da SM.OBJECTIVE:Studies show that regular consumption of soybeans reduces the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, most of these studies recommend daily intake of 25 g or more of soy protein, an amount considered high and not well tolerated by patients. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of low daily intake of soybeans in oxidative stress and in components of the metabolic syndrome (MS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty individuals with MS were selected and divided into two groups: control group (n = 20 and soybean-treated group (n = 20, which consumed 12.95 g of soy protein for 90 days. RESULTS: After the treatment, the soybean-treated group showed a decrease in fasting glucose and increase in serum HDL and adiponectin. CONCLUSION:Low intake of soy protein for 90 days, besides being well tolerated by the patients, was able to improve several parameters related to the pathophysiology of MS.

  4. Lifestyle, family history, and risk of idiopathic Parkinson disease : a large danish case-control study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kenborg, Line; Lassen, Christina F

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between Parkinson disease (PD) and smoking has been examined in several studies, but little is known about smoking in conjunction with other behaviors and a family history of PD. Using unconditional logistic regression analysis, we studied individual and joint associations of these factors with idiopathic PD among 1,808 Danish patients who were diagnosed in 1996-2009 and matched to 1,876 randomly selected population controls. Although there was a downward trend in duration of smoking, this was not observed for daily tobacco consumption. A moderate intake of caffeine (3.1-5 cups/day) was associated with a lower odds ratio for PD (0.45, 95% confidence interval: 0.34, 0.62), as was a moderate intake of alcohol (3.1-7 units/week) (odds ratio = 0.60, 95% confidence interval: 0.58, 0.84); a higher daily intake did not reduce the odds further. When these behaviors were studied in combination with smoking, the odds ratios were lower than those for each one alone. Compared with never smokers with no family history of PD, never smokers who did have a family history had an odds ratio of 2.81 (95% confidence interval: 1.91, 4.13); for smokers with a family history, the odds ratio was 1.60 (95% confidence interval: 1.15, 2.23). In conclusion, duration of smoking seems to be more important than intensity in the relationship between smoking and idiopathic PD. The finding of lower risk estimates for smoking in combination with caffeine or alcohol requires further confirmation.

  5. La relación médico-enfermo a través de la historia The doctor-patient relationship in history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Lázaro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas del siglo veinte la forma de relacionarse los médicos y los enfermos cambió más que en los veinticinco siglos anteriores. El paso del modelo paternalista al autonomista supuso una transformación con escasos precedentes históricos. La evolución de este fenómeno a lo largo del tiempo afectó a los tres elementos involucrados: 1. El enfermo, que tradicionalmente había sido considerado como receptor pasivo de las decisiones que el médico tomaba en su nombre y por su bien, llegó a finales del siglo veinte transformado en un agente con derechos bien definidos y amplia capacidad de decisión autónoma sobre los procedimientos diagnósticos y terapéuticos que se le ofrecen, pero ya no se le imponen. 2. El médico, que de ser padre sacerdotal (como correspondía al rol tradicional de su profesión se fue transformando en un asesor técnico de sus pacientes, a los que ofrece sus conocimientos y consejos, pero cuyas decisiones ya no asume. 3. La relación clínica, que de ser bipolar, vertical e infantilizante, se fue colectivizando (con la entrada en escena de múltiples profesionales sanitarios, se fue horizontalizando y se fue adaptando al tipo de relaciones propias de sujetos adultos en sociedades democráticas.In the final decades of the XX century the way doctors and patients related to each other changed more than in the twenty-five preceding centuries. The change from a paternalistic to an autonomous model represented a transformation with few historical precedents. The evolution of this phenomenon over time affected the three elements involved: 1. The patient, who had traditionally been considered as a passive receiver of the decisions that the doctor took in his name and for his benefit, was transformed at the end of the XX century into an agent with well-defined rights and a broad capacity for autonomous decision-making on the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, which were offered to him and no longer imposed on him. 2. The doctor, from being a priestly father-figure (as corresponded to the traditional role of his profession was transformed into a technical adviser to his patients, to whom he offered his knowledge and advice, but whose decisions were no longer taken for granted. 3. The clinical relationship, from being bipolar, vertical and infantilising, became more collective (with the involvement of numerous health professionals, more horizontal and better adapted to the type of relationship appropriate to adult subjects in democratic societies.

  6. Angioedema hereditario: Historia familiar y manifestaciones clínicas en 58 pacientes / Hereditary angioedema: Family history and clinical manifestations in 58 patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Diego S., Fernández Romero; Pamela, Di Marco; Alejandro, Malbrán.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El angioedema hereditario (AEH) es una enfermedad rara, autosómica dominante, caracterizada por episodios de angioedema que comprometen la piel, el tracto gastrointestinal y la laringe. Analizamos las características epidemiológicas y clínicas en una serie de 58 pacientes, 53 (91%) con diagnóstico d [...] e AEH tipo I y 5 (9%) con tipo II. La edad media al inicio fue de 10.8 ± 9.5 años (0.1 a 59) y de 25.8 ± 16.2 años (2 a 77) en el momento del diagnóstico, con un retraso diagnóstico de 15.3 ± 14.3 años. El promedio de ataques en los 6 meses previos a la consulta fue de 7.4 ± 7.6 (0 a 40). Cincuenta y cuatro (93%) presentaron ataques cutáneos, 50 (86%) abdominales, 24 (41%) laríngeos y 24 (41%) cutáneos y abdominales combinados. Veintisiete (46.5%) nunca utilizaron medicación preventiva para la enfermedad y 17 (29%) recibieron danazol en diferentes dosis por diferentes periodos de tiempo. Durante los ataques, 15 (26%) pacientes recibieron C1 inhibidor endovenoso alguna vez, 7 (12%) recibieron plasma fresco y 40 (69%) tratamiento sintomático. Ansiedad o situaciones de estrés y traumatismos fueron los desencadenantes más frecuentes. Identificamos a 6 (10%) pacientes como primera mutación y a 52 (90%) con historia familiar previa. Analizamos 20 troncos familiares identificando 205 individuos en riesgo de heredar la enfermedad, 109 (53%) de ellos con síntomas o diagnóstico AEH. El total de individuos con síntomas de AEH fue de 145, de los cuales 19 (13%) murieron por asfixia. Disminuir el retraso diagnóstico y ofrecer una terapéutica adecuada son desafíos a afrontar en el AEH. Abstract in english Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare autosomal dominant disease, characterized by episodes of edema typically involving the skin, gastrointestinal tract and larynx. We here describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristic of a series of 58 patients with diagnosis of HAE, 53 (91%) type I and 5 [...] (9%) type II. The mean age at first symptom was 10.8 ± 9.5 years and the mean age at diagnosis was 25.8 ± 16.2 years old, with a diagnosis delay of 15.3 ± 14.3 years. The mean number of attacks in the previous 6 months was 7.4 ± 7.6 range 0 to 40. Fifty four (93%) had cutaneous attacks, 50 (86%) abdominal attacks, 24 (41%) laryngeal attacks and 24 (41%) combined cutaneous and abdominal attacks. Twenty seven (46.5%) patients never received preventive treatments and 17 (29%) received danazol in different doses for different periods of time. During the attacks, 15 (26%) patients were treated with C1 inhibitor at least once, 7 (12%) with fresh frozen plasma and 40 (69%) received only supportive treatment. Stress and trauma were identified as attacks triggers. Six (10%) patients were first mutation and 52 (90%) had HAE ancestors. We reconstructed 20 kindred, identifying 205 individuals at risk of inheriting the disease, 109 (53 %) of them had signs or laboratory diagnosis of HAE. The total number of identified HAE individuals was 145, 19 (13%) died with asphyxia. So, shortening of diagnosis delay and appropriate treatment of HAE are a challenge to be fulfilled.

  7. Serum Malondialdehyde and Lipid Profile Levels of Young Patients "Haven’t a Family History of Hypertension": A New Study for Cases in the Civic Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. H. Jasim

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the oxidative stress in sera of young patients without a family history of hypertension, then find the relation of it to lipid profile. The study involved 56 young healthy (30.5 ± 4.7 years and 23 healthy elderly volunteers (66.3 ± 3.5 years, these individuals were compared with 67 patients (28.6 ± 5.0 years, attending the Gastro Intestinal and Liver Centre at Al Sader Medical City and several specialized clinics in Najaf government. Malondialdehyde level was measured by TBARS assay as reflection to the oxidative stress effect. Using standard enzymatic assays, TG, TC, HDL-C, VLDL- -C, and LDL-C values were measured for patients and controls on the same day of sample obtainment. Levels of serum MDA, TG, VLDL-C, and LDL-C were significantly raised (p<0.005 in hypertensive patients group when compared with young and elderly controls, while non significant variations were obtained when the control groups were compared together. Daytime SBP and DBP were both strong positive correlated (r=0.82, p<0.005 for SBP, and r=0.95, p<0.005 for DBP with the MDA in hypertensive patients, but in elderly controls only the correlation between SBP and MDA levels was statistically significant (r=0.61, p<0.005. Sera TG, VLDL-C, and LDL-C levels showed the same of MDA results when they were correlated to SBP and DBP, while correlations between blood pressure with sera TC were moderate positively in the study groups. In spite of; HDL-C levels in hypertensive patients were within the levels of those of two control groups, HDL-C levels showed negatively correlation with both SBP and DBP. Notably, there was a positive correlation (r=0.60, p<0.005 between serum LDL-C levels and SBP of elderly controls, no such correlations were observed when the relation was between Daytime SBP and DBP and VLDL-C or LDL-C of young controls the highly significant positive correlation (r = 0.94 at p<0.005 of MDA and TG of the hypertensive patients. Significant positive correlations were also observed for MDA with VLDL-C (r = 0.74 at p<0.005, and with LDL-C (r = 0.71 at p<0.005. It is well known that the endogenous female sex hormones have significant effect on lipid levels, according to that, testing the gender effect was occurred. MDA level in the study subgroups revealed a significant increase (p<0.005 in male patients when compared to females, while, student's t-test failed to exhibit significant changes among male and female subgroups in the control groups. Except for the significantly variation (p<0.005 of TG in the patient subgroups, all the other lipid profile parameters showed no significant differences between male and female subgroups. Concerning the controls’ subgroups, TG, TC, HDL-C, VLDL-C, and LDL-C were comparabltween male and female subgroups. Finally, treatment for hypertension is similar for all demographic groups, but socioeconomic factors and lifestyle may be barriers to BP control in some patients, therefore; dealing with transitory hardships and arrangement of food style may be consider as a prim factors in the hypertension treatment

  8. Osteoporosis and bone metabolic parameters in dependence upon calcium intake through milk and milk products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stracke, H; Renner, E; Knie, G; Leidig, G; Minne, H; Federlin, K

    1993-09-01

    The bone mineral content of young adults as well as of osteoporotic patients and age-matched controls without bone disease was measured by single-photon absorptiometry. A retrospective nutrition survey was additionally made to study the relationship between bone mineral content and calcium intake in different periods of life. The bone mineral content and bone mineral density of young adults is directly related to the calcium intake through milk and dairy products. The osteoporotics had a significantly lower bone mineral content than the controls. Calcium intake through milk and milk products in childhood and adolescence had been significantly lower in the patients than in the controls, whereas in the later periods of life (20-30 years prior to the study and at the time of the study) there were no significant differences between the calcium intakes of the two groups. It was also found that an adequate intake of calcium protected against increased bone resorption, as evidenced in particular by the reduced levels of serum osteocalcin, a parameter of bone turnover. In conclusion it can be stated that the data support the hypothesis that adequate calcium intake through milk and milk products in childhood and adolescence is a decisive marker for obtaining a maximum bone mass (peak adult bone mass) and for the prevention of osteoporosis. Furthermore, it can be stated that increased calcium intake in the later years may not reduce the accelerated risk of osteoporosis resulting from inadequate calcium intake during childhood and adolescence. PMID:8243426

  9. Analysis of patients admitted with history of road traffic accidents to surgical unit B Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WAK Weerawardena

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Road Traffic Accidents (RTA is a leading cause of morbidity, mortalityand disability in Sri Lanka. Identification of factors associated with RTA in local settings is essential in redusing the burden of this conditionMethods We analyzed consecutive patients admitted with RTA toSurgical Unit-B,Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura from 01/10/ 2012 to 31/03/2013. Epidemiology, injury pattern, vehicle type, cause for accident and contributory factors were noted.Results Altogether, 214 consecutive patients with an age range of 01- 75 years were studied. Males accounted for 77.6%(n=166 of the study sample.. Vehicle type involved with the injury included, motorcycle 138(65%, bicycles 23(11%, three wheelers 23(11%, tractors 11(5%, buses 5(2%, lorries 6(3%, cars 2(1% and other3(1%. There were 135(64% drivers /riders, 59(28% passengers and 17(08%pedestrians.Causes for accidents included wrong driving/riding 54(25%, other vehicle collided 46(22%, animal crossing road 39(18%, mechanical failure 14(7%, poor road 18(9%, glare 4(2%, man crossing road 8(4%, garment trapping the wheel 5(2%, rain 6(3%. Contributory factors included alcohol use in 32%, no helmet 39% of riders, no driving license for 47% in recorded cases. There were 33 fractures, 2 intracranial hemorrhages.Conclusion Majority of RTA involved motor bicycles. Lack of driving license for 47% of rider/drivers itself explain wrong driving/ridding to be the main cause for accidents. Alcohol is a major contributory factor for RTA in this population.

  10. Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en pacientes dislipidémicos con antecedentes de revascularización miocárdica / Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in dyslipidemia patients with a history of myocardial revascularization

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Beatriz, Cabalé Vilariño; Daniel, Sánchez Serrano; Elain, Gutiérrez Carbonell; Amaury, Flores Sánchez.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El síndrome metabólico se caracteriza por la convergencia de varios factores de riesgo en un mismo individuo. Ha sido objeto de interés en los últimos años debido a su alta prevalencia tanto en poblaciones sanas como en aquellas con antecedentes de afecciones cardiovasculares. Objetivo [...] : Determinar la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en pacientes dislipidémicos con revascularización miocárdica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo que incluyó a 100 pacientes dislipidémicos revascularizados. Se utilizó el criterio diagnóstico establecido por la OMS para la clasificación de los pacientes. Resultados: El 43 % de la población presentó síndrome metabólico, cuya presencia estuvo en relación inversa con la edad. La prevalencia de sus componentes fue mayor en el sexo masculino. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de SM obtenida es alta lo que coincide con estudios internacionales de prevención secundaria. Abstract in english Introduction: The metabolic syndrome is characterized by the convergence of some risk factors in the same subject which has been the object of interest in past years due to its high prevalence in healthy populations and in those with a history of cardiovascular affections. Objective: To determine th [...] e prevalence of metabolic syndrome in dyslipidemia patients with myocardial revascularization. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted including 100 dyslipidemia patients and with revascularization. Authors used the diagnostic criterion established by WHO for the classification of patients. Results: The 43 % of population had metabolic syndrome whose presence was in an inverse relation to age. The prevalence of its components was greater in male sex. Conclusions: The obtained prevalence of the MS is high coinciding with international studies on secondary prevention.

  11. Dietary taurine intake, nutrients intake, dietary habits and life stress by depression in Korean female college students: a case-control study

    OpenAIRE

    Park Ji-Yeon; You Jeong-Soon; Chang Kyung-Ja

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary taurine intake, nutrients intake, dietary habits and life stress by depression in Korean female college students. Methods In this study, research data were collected in March 2009 and 65 patients with depression and 65 controls without depression participated. The CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression) scale was used for depression measure and controls were matched for age. A 3-day recall method was used...

  12. Calcium deprivation increases salt intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tordoff, M G; Ulrich, P M; Schulkin, J

    1990-09-01

    Relative to rats fed chow or semisynthetic control diet, rats fed Ca2(+)-deficient diet increased daily "spontaneous" intake of 0.3 M NaCl solution by as much as eightfold. Intake of 0.3 M NaCl increased in monotonic relationship to the severity of Ca2+ deficiency, which was manipulated by both duration of depletion (0-32 days) and dietary Ca2+ content (0-50 mmol/kg Ca2+). The increased intake was specific to either Na+ or saltiness; relative to controls, Ca2(+)-deprived rats drank more of a wide range of NaCl solutions (0.05-0.50 M) but the same volume of 0.37 mM sucrose octaacetate (bitter), slightly more 2.5 mM citrate (sour), and significantly less 2.5 mM saccharin (sweet). Although urine volume of Ca2(+)-deprived rats was increased, total Na+ excretion was slightly decreased. Adrenal weights, hematocrit, and plasma concentrations of Na+, aldosterone, and angiotensin I were all normal. These results reveal that Ca2+ deficiency increases NaCl intake and thus challenge the notion that salt appetite is a specific response to perturbed Na+ homeostasis. PMID:2396702

  13. Coanda hydro intake screen testing and evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howarth, J.

    2001-07-01

    The objective of this project has been to evaluate the effectiveness, suitability and cost benefit of the Aquashear Coanda effect, maintenance free intake screen for use in small hydro system intakes. (author)

  14. Socioeconomic Status Is Significantly Associated with the Dietary Intakes of Folate and Depression Scales in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Takuro Shimbo; Akiomi Inoue; Sumiko Kurioka; Akihito Shimazu; Masaya Takahashi; Norito Kawakami; Akizumi Tsutsumi; Hideki Hashimoto; Setsuko Taneichi; Yixuan Song; Koichi Miyaki

    2013-01-01

    The association of socioeconomic status (SES) with nutrient intake attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary intake of folate and health outcomes in general Japanese workers. This Japanese occupational cohort consisted off 2266 workers. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Intakes of all nutrients were assessed with a validated, brief and self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ). The degree of depre...

  15. Urban History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpless, John B.; Warner, Sam Bass, Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Reviews the development of urban history since the 1870s and describes the present variety of urban history studies. Current studies seem to focus on either macromodels and urban systems or on internal networks and densities. (Author/AV)

  16. Alimentary fluoride intake in preschool children

    OpenAIRE

    Lencova Erika; Ivancakova Romana; Oganessian Edgar; Broukal Zdenek

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The knowledge of background alimentary fluoride intake in preschool children is of utmost importance for introducing optimal and safe caries preventive measures for both individuals and communities. The aim of this study was to assess the daily fluoride intake analyzing duplicate samples of food and beverages. An attempt was made to calculate the daily intake of fluoride from food and swallowed toothpaste. Methods Daily alimentary fluoride intake was measured in a group of...

  17. An intake prior for the bayesian analysis of plutonium and uranium exposures in an epidemiology study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Bayesian inference, the initial knowledge regarding the value of a parameter, before additional data are considered, is represented as a prior probability distribution. This paper describes the derivation of a prior distribution of intake that was used for the Bayesian analysis of plutonium and uranium worker doses in a recent epidemiology study. The chosen distribution is log- normal with a geometric standard deviation of 6 and a median value that is derived for each worker based on the duration of the work history and the number of reported acute intakes. The median value is a function of the work history and a constant related to activity in air concentration, M, which is derived separately for uranium and plutonium. The value of M is based primarily on measurements of plutonium and uranium in air derived from historical personal air sampler (PAS) data. However, there is significant uncertainty on the value of M that results from paucity of PAS data and from extrapolating these measurements to actual intakes. This paper compares posterior and prior distributions of intake and investigates the sensitivity of the Bayesian analyses to the assumed value of M. It is found that varying M by a factor of 10 results in a much smaller factor of 2 variation in mean intake and lung dose for both plutonium and uranium. It is concluded that if a log-normal distribution is considered to adequately represent worker intakes, then the Bayesian posterior distribution of dose is relatively insensitive to the value assumed of M. (authors)

  18. Historia natural del carcinoma hepatocelular en una cohorte de pacientes de un hospital comarcal / Natural history of hepatocellular carcinoma in a cohort of patients from a county hospital

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Vergara; M., Gil; B., Dalmau; R., Ribot; C., Navarro; A., Martin; M., Penafreta; J., Puig; J., Martin; J., Perendreu; J., Falcó; R., Bella.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) es una neoplasia con una elevada incidencia y una alta mortalidad. Objetivo: nuestro objetivo es la descripción de la historia natural de una cohorte de pacientes con CHC e identificar variables asociadas a supervivencia. Material y métodos: estudio ret [...] rospectivo y descriptivo de pacientes diagnosticados de CHC entre 1995-2002. Las variables cualitativas se expresaron mediante frecuencias y porcentajes y las cuantitativas con mediana y desviación típica. La supervivencia se estimó mediante el método de Kaplan Meyer y la prueba de Log Rank. Resultados: se analizaron un total de 154 pacientes con CHC. La ratio hombre-mujer fue de 2,9/1. La edad media de 68 ± 9 años. El 82% de los pacientes fueron exitus en un tiempo medio de seguimiento de 28 meses. La mediana de supervivencia fue de 21,5 meses (IC 95%: 16,98-26,04). Se realizó tratamiento con intención curativa en un 40,3% y el resto tratamiento paliativo. Las variables asociadas a la supervivencia fueron: presencia o no de ascitis, el número de lesiones en el momento del diagnóstico y si el tratamiento realizado fue con intención curativa o no. No hubieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a: sexo, edad, etiología de la cirrosis y estadio de Child en el momento del diagnóstico. Conclusiones: los factores asociados a una menor supervivencia en los pacientes con carcinoma hepatocelular fueron la presencia de ascitis y el número de lesiones en el momento del diagnóstico. La realización de tratamiento con intención curativa se asocia a una mayor supervivencia. Abstract in english Background: hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cancer with high incidence and mortality. Objective: our aim was to describe the natural history of a patient cohort with HCC, and to identify the factors associated with survival. Patients and methods: a retrospective and descriptive study of patients [...] diagnosed with HCC between 1995 and 2002. Qualitative variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Quantitative variables were expressed as medians and standard deviations. Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log rank. Results: a total of 154 patients were analyzed. The men-to-women ratio was 2.9/1. Mean age was 68 ± 9 years. 82% of patients died during a median follow-up of 28 months. Median survival was 21.5 months (95% CI: 16.98-26.04). Curative treatment was done in 40.3% of diagnosed patients, and 59.7% of patients received palliative treatment. Factors associated with survival were: ascites, number of lesions at diagnosis, and curative treatment. No statistical differences were found for the next factors: age, sex, etiology of cirrhosis, and Child-Pugh stage at diagnosis. Conclusions: factors associated with low survival in patients with HCC were ascites and number of lesions. Curative treatment is associated with a higher survival when compared to palliative treatment.

  19. Historia natural del carcinoma hepatocelular en una cohorte de pacientes de un hospital comarcal Natural history of hepatocellular carcinoma in a cohort of patients from a county hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Vergara

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC es una neoplasia con una elevada incidencia y una alta mortalidad. Objetivo: nuestro objetivo es la descripción de la historia natural de una cohorte de pacientes con CHC e identificar variables asociadas a supervivencia. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de pacientes diagnosticados de CHC entre 1995-2002. Las variables cualitativas se expresaron mediante frecuencias y porcentajes y las cuantitativas con mediana y desviación típica. La supervivencia se estimó mediante el método de Kaplan Meyer y la prueba de Log Rank. Resultados: se analizaron un total de 154 pacientes con CHC. La ratio hombre-mujer fue de 2,9/1. La edad media de 68 ± 9 años. El 82% de los pacientes fueron exitus en un tiempo medio de seguimiento de 28 meses. La mediana de supervivencia fue de 21,5 meses (IC 95%: 16,98-26,04. Se realizó tratamiento con intención curativa en un 40,3% y el resto tratamiento paliativo. Las variables asociadas a la supervivencia fueron: presencia o no de ascitis, el número de lesiones en el momento del diagnóstico y si el tratamiento realizado fue con intención curativa o no. No hubieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a: sexo, edad, etiología de la cirrosis y estadio de Child en el momento del diagnóstico. Conclusiones: los factores asociados a una menor supervivencia en los pacientes con carcinoma hepatocelular fueron la presencia de ascitis y el número de lesiones en el momento del diagnóstico. La realización de tratamiento con intención curativa se asocia a una mayor supervivencia.Background: hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is a cancer with high incidence and mortality. Objective: our aim was to describe the natural history of a patient cohort with HCC, and to identify the factors associated with survival. Patients and methods: a retrospective and descriptive study of patients diagnosed with HCC between 1995 and 2002. Qualitative variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Quantitative variables were expressed as medians and standard deviations. Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log rank. Results: a total of 154 patients were analyzed. The men-to-women ratio was 2.9/1. Mean age was 68 ± 9 years. 82% of patients died during a median follow-up of 28 months. Median survival was 21.5 months (95% CI: 16.98-26.04. Curative treatment was done in 40.3% of diagnosed patients, and 59.7% of patients received palliative treatment. Factors associated with survival were: ascites, number of lesions at diagnosis, and curative treatment. No statistical differences were found for the next factors: age, sex, etiology of cirrhosis, and Child-Pugh stage at diagnosis. Conclusions: factors associated with low survival in patients with HCC were ascites and number of lesions. Curative treatment is associated with a higher survival when compared to palliative treatment.

  20. Daily mineral intakes for Japanese

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently it became necessary to assess the dietary intake of both stable and radioactive elements for non-radiation workers. But data of mineral intake in the literature are not good enough for this assessment. ICRP Pub. 23 in 'Reference Man' is one of the best references in this field. ICRP Reference Man was selected as the standard for Caucasian by using values reported during early 1970s or before. Moreover it seems not to be suitable for Japanese (Mongolian). In this report, analytical methods of minerals in total diet samples for Japanese were described. Furthermore, daily intakes for Japanese (Reference Japanese Man) and ICRP Reference Man were compared. After collected by a duplicate portion study and a model diet study, diet samples were dry-ashed followed by wet-digestion with a mixture of HNO3 and HClO4. Diet sample solutions thus prepared were analysed by using atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), inductively-coupled plasma atomic-emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Matrix effects of major elements (Na, K, P, Ca and Mg) in diet samples were compensated by a matrix-matching method. About 20 elements were simultaneously determined by ICP-AES and ICP-MS, more easily than by AAS. Most of dietary mineral intakes, except for Na, Mn, and Sr, for Japanese were lower than those of ICRP Reference Man. But, dietary intakes were found to be different depending on countries, even among Europe depending on countries, even among European and American countries. New representative data for as many elements as possible are necessary now. (author)

  1. Mapping low intake of micronutrients across Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mensink, G. B. M.; Fletcher, R.

    2013-01-01

    Achieving an understanding of the extent of micronutrient adequacy across Europe is a major challenge. The main objective of the present study was to collect and evaluate the prevalence of low micronutrient intakes of different European countries by comparing recent nationally representative dietary survey data from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. Dietary intake information was evaluated for intakes of Ca, Cu, I, Fe, Mg, K, Se, Zn and the vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, D, E and folate. The mean and 5th percentile of the intake distributions were estimated for these countries, for a number of defined sex and age groups. The percentages of those with intakes below the lower reference nutrient intake and the estimated average requirement were calculated. Reference intakes were derived from the UK and Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. The impact of dietary supplement intake as well as inclusion of apparently low energy reporters on the estimates was evaluated. Except for vitamin D, the present study suggests that the current intakes of vitamins from foods lead to low risk of low intakes in all age and sex groups. For current minerals, the study suggests that the risk of low intakes is likely to appear more often in specific age groups. In spite of the limitations of the data, the present study provides valuable new information about micronutrient intakes across Europe and the likelihood of inadequacy country by country.

  2. A STATE-OF-THE-ART REPORT ON INTAKE TECHNOLOGIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report presents an updated evaluation of mechanisms and intake designs for reducing the number of fish entrained and impinged at water intake facilities. These mechanisms consist of intake configurations, behavioral barriers for guiding fish past intake entrances, physical sc...

  3. Modificaciones funcionales ventilatorias en pacientes con anemia drepanocítica y antecedentes de síndrome torácico agudo Respiratory functional changes in patients with sickle cell anemia and history of acute chest synd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José René Mesa Cuervo

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo para evaluar la función ventilatoria en pacientes con anemia drepanocítica (AD y antecedentes de síndrome torácico agudo (STA atendidos en consulta externa del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología de septiembre de 1999 a septiembre del 2000. El universo de estudio se dividió en 2 grupos: el primero constituido por 36 pacientes con el diagnóstico de AD y antecedente de STA, y el segundo por 17, con una distribución por edades y sexos similar al anterior con AD, pero sin el antecedente de STA. A todos los pacientes seleccionados se les realizaron las pruebas funcionales ventilatorias (PFV siguiendo criterios internacionales. La disfunción ventilatoria restrictiva se observó en todos los pacientes con AD independiente del antecedente de STA, sin embargo, el antecedente de 2 y más STA mostró los mayores porcentajes. La edad y el sexo no influyeron en los resultados espirométicosA prospective descriptive study was made to evaluate the respiratory function in patients with sickle cell anemia and history of acute chest syndrome seen at the outpatient service of the Institute of Hematology and Immunology from September 1999 to September 2000. The universe of study was divided into 2 groups: the first was made up of 36 patients diagnosed with sickle cell anemia and history of acute thoracic syndrome; and the second included 17 patients with sickle cell anemia, distributed by age and sex in a similar way as in the first one, but without history of acute chest syndrome. All the selected patients were applied the respiratory function tests according to the international criteria. Restrictive respiratory dysfunction was observed in all patients with sickle cell anemia regardless of their history of acute chest syndrome; however, the history of two or more syndromes showed the highest percentages. Age and sex did not influence the results

  4. Modificaciones funcionales ventilatorias en pacientes con anemia drepanocítica y antecedentes de síndrome torácico agudo / Respiratory functional changes in patients with sickle cell anemia and history of acute chest synd

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José René, Mesa Cuervo; Orestes, Cháguez Leyva; Joaquín, Hechavarría Miyares; Alelí, Plasencia Ternblóm; Rafael, Losada Buchillón; Luis Ramón, Rodríguez; Olga, Agramonte; Edgardo, Espinosa Martínez.

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo para evaluar la función ventilatoria en pacientes con anemia drepanocítica (AD) y antecedentes de síndrome torácico agudo (STA) atendidos en consulta externa del Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología de septiembre de 1999 a septiembre del 2000. El unive [...] rso de estudio se dividió en 2 grupos: el primero constituido por 36 pacientes con el diagnóstico de AD y antecedente de STA, y el segundo por 17, con una distribución por edades y sexos similar al anterior con AD, pero sin el antecedente de STA. A todos los pacientes seleccionados se les realizaron las pruebas funcionales ventilatorias (PFV) siguiendo criterios internacionales. La disfunción ventilatoria restrictiva se observó en todos los pacientes con AD independiente del antecedente de STA, sin embargo, el antecedente de 2 y más STA mostró los mayores porcentajes. La edad y el sexo no influyeron en los resultados espirométicos Abstract in english A prospective descriptive study was made to evaluate the respiratory function in patients with sickle cell anemia and history of acute chest syndrome seen at the outpatient service of the Institute of Hematology and Immunology from September 1999 to September 2000. The universe of study was divided [...] into 2 groups: the first was made up of 36 patients diagnosed with sickle cell anemia and history of acute thoracic syndrome; and the second included 17 patients with sickle cell anemia, distributed by age and sex in a similar way as in the first one, but without history of acute chest syndrome. All the selected patients were applied the respiratory function tests according to the international criteria. Restrictive respiratory dysfunction was observed in all patients with sickle cell anemia regardless of their history of acute chest syndrome; however, the history of two or more syndromes showed the highest percentages. Age and sex did not influence the results

  5. Necrotizing RPGN with linear anti IgG deposits in a patient with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parekh N

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ninad Parekh, Edward Epstein, Suzanne El-Sayegh Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Introduction: Diagnosing the etiology of a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is of vital importance to guide appropriate therapeutic management. This case highlights the complexity involved in establishing diagnosis when presentation is atypical. In certain cases diagnosis cannot be established based on clinical presentation or biopsy findings alone, and critical analysis of biopsy findings in context of clinical presentation is crucial to guide the clinical decision-making process.Case presentation: A 47-year-old Hispanic male with history of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA in remission on azathioprine, presented with fatigue and lethargy. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory data revealed elevated creatinine and otherwise normal electrolytes. Urinalysis showed numerous dysmorphic red blood cells with few red cell casts. His serologic results were all negative except anti-proteinase-3 antibody at very low titers. Kidney biopsy showed necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with linear immunoglobulin G staining along the basement membrane.Conclusion: This case presented conflicting serologic and histopathologic findings. The presence of anti-proteinase-3 antibody supported diagnosis of recurrence of GPA. However, linear staining of immunoglobulin G (IgG on immunofluorescence (IF staining of renal biopsy supported anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM disease. The treatment of anti-GBM disease and GPA both involve immunosuppression with prednisone and cyclophosphamide. However, patients with anti-GBM disease are also treated with plasmapheresis early in the disease presentation to prevent further damage. The patient with GPA, on the other hand, was shown to benefit from plasmapheresis only in the case of severe renal disease (serum creatinine level more than 5 mg/dL or pulmonary hemorrhage. In this case, since the patient did not have detectable circulating anti-GBM antibody, the decision was made not to proceed with plasmapheresis. The patient was treated with a standard immunosuppressive regimen consisting of prednisone and cyclophosphamide with partial renal recovery at 2 months. Keywords: Necrotizing RPGN, Anti-GBM disease, GPA, ANCA - associated vasculitis, dual antibody-positive disease

  6. Análisis transversal de la insuficiencia cardiaca en pacientes de un Servicio de Medicina Interna de un hospital de tercer nivel de área mixta (rural y urbana): Parte III: análisis de mortalidad (Tercera de tres partes) / Cross-sectional study of heart failure of patients intaked in an Internal Medicine Service in the third level hospital in mixed area: Part III: mortality analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Cinza Sanjurjo; A., Cabarcos Ortiz de Barrón; E., Nieto Pol; J. A., Torre Carballada.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Analizar las características epidemiológicas de los pacientes fallecidos entre los ingresados por insuficiencia cardiaca. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal, retrospectivo, de pacientes ingresados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Sa [...] ntiago de Compostela a lo largo de 5 años (desde 1999 hasta 2003). Se registraron las variables: sexo, edad, días de ingreso, número de reingresos por insuficiencia cardíaca, motivo de ingreso, hipertensión arterial (HTA) previa, diabetes mellitus (DM) previa, cardiopatía previa, cardiopatía isquémica previa, fibrilación auricular (FA) previa, consumo de beta-bloqueantes previos al ingreso, cifras de presión arterial (PA) al ingreso, realización de ecocardiografía durante el ingreso, fracción de eyección (FE) según ecocardiograma, factor desencadenante, exitus, tratamiento domiciliario al alta. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los estadísticos descriptivos cuantitativos y cualitativos que correspondieran; para el análisis bivariante se emplearon chi-cuadrado y "t-student". Resultados: Ingresaron 248 pacientes por insuficiencia cardiaca, de los cuales fallecieron un total de 21 pacientes (8,6%). No se observaron diferencias por sexo y la edad media fue superior entre los fallecidos. La mediana de ingreso fue de 5 días, menor que la presentada por la totalidad de la población estudiada, p Abstract in english Objectives: To establish the characteristics of the deceased in intaked patients by heart failure. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study of the intaked patients in the Internal Medicine Service in the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela between 1999 to 2003. The variable [...] s analized were: sex, age, days of hospital stay, number of intaked by failure cardiac, reason for admission (guide symptom), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac disease, fibrillation atrium, previous treatment with beta-blockers, blood pressure in the admission moment, to make echocardiography, disfunction systolic, etiology, deceased, treatment at the end. The statistical analysis was performed with cualitative and cuantitative measures, chi-cuadrado and t-student. Results: 248 patients were accepted for the study, with the mortality rate rising 8.6% (21 patients). We did not observed differences between sexes, but the median age in death patients was greater than other patients. The median income was 5 days, letter than study population. The hypertension prevalence (30 vs. 42.6%, p = 0.27) and ischemic cardiopathy (30 vs. 27.7%, p = 0.82) did not showed differences with the population. The hypertension prevalence in women (16.7 vs. 35.7%, p = 0.21) and the ischemic cardiopathy prevalence in men (50 vs. 21.4%, p = 0.20) did not showed differences. It made echocardiography in 21.0% of death patients, p = 0.76. The systolic disfunction prevalence was bigger in death patients (80 vs. 41.3%), this difference was not significant statistically. Conclusions: The older patients showed letter survival. We did not observe any influence of sex or left ventricular systolic function on mortality in patients with heart failure.

  7. Desensibilización rápida en pacientes con hipersensibilidad a aspirina sometidos a angioplastía coronaria: Reporte de cuatro casos / Rapid aspirin desensitization in patients with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity requiring coronary angioplasty: Report of four cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nicolás, Veas P; Gonzalo, Martínez; Jorge, Jalil M; Alejandro, Martínez S; Pablo, Castro G.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english Background: Aspirin use is necessary after a coronary angioplasty. It should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity. However, rapid desensitization protocols have been reported to allow its use in such patients. One of these protocols consists in the administration of progressive [...] doses of aspirin, from 1 to 100 mg in a period of 5.5 hours, in a controlled environment. We report four male patients aged 45,49, 59 and 73 years with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity, who were subjected to a coronary angioplasty. In all, the rapid aspirin desensitization protocol was successfully applied, allowing the use of the drug after the intervention without problems.

  8. Desensibilización rápida en pacientes con hipersensibilidad a aspirina sometidos a angioplastía coronaria: Reporte de cuatro casos Rapid aspirin desensitization in patients with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity requiring coronary angioplasty: Report of four cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Veas P

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Aspirin use is necessary after a coronary angioplasty. It should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity. However, rapid desensitization protocols have been reported to allow its use in such patients. One of these protocols consists in the administration of progressive doses of aspirin, from 1 to 100 mg in a period of 5.5 hours, in a controlled environment. We report four male patients aged 45,49, 59 and 73 years with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity, who were subjected to a coronary angioplasty. In all, the rapid aspirin desensitization protocol was successfully applied, allowing the use of the drug after the intervention without problems.

  9. Primary care provider perceptions of intake transition records and shared care with outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamnik Veronica

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While it is recommended that records are kept between primary care providers (PCPs and specialists during patient transitions from hospital to community care, this communication is not currently standardized. We aimed to assess the transmission of cardiac rehabilitation (CR program intake transition records to PCPs and to explore PCPs' needs in communication with CR programs and for intake transition record content. Method 144 PCPs of consenting enrollees from 8 regional and urban Ontario CR programs participated in this cross-sectional study. Intake transition records were tracked from the CR program to the PCP's office. Sixty-six PCPs participated in structured telephone interviews. Results Sixty-eight (47.6% PCPs received a CR intake transition record. Fifty-eight (87.9% PCPs desired intake transition records, with most wanting it transmitted via fax (n = 52, 78.8%. On a 5-point Likert scale, PCPs strongly agreed that the CR transition record met their needs for providing patient care (4.32 ± 0.61, with 48 (76.2% reporting that it improved their management of patients' cardiac risk. PCPs rated the following elements as most important to include in an intake transition record: clinical status (4.67 ± 0.64, exercise test results (4.61 ± 0.52, and the proposed patient care plan (4.59 ± 0.71. Conclusions Less than half of intake transition records are reaching PCPs, revealing a large gap in continuity of patient care. PCP responses should be used to develop an evidence-based intake transition record, and procedures should be implemented to ensure high-quality transitional care.

  10. Análisis transversal de la insuficiencia cardiaca en pacientes de un servicio de medicina interna de un hospital de tercer nivel de área mixta (rural y urbana): Parte I: análisis epidemiológico (Primera de tres partes) / Cross - sectional analysis of heart failure in patients intaked in the Service of Internal Medicine at a third level hospital: Part 1: Epidemiologic analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Cinza Sanjurjo; A., Cabarcos Ortiz de Barrón; E., Nieto Pol; J.A., Torre Carballada.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Evaluar las características epidemiológicas de los pacientes ingresados en un servicio de medicina interna por insuficiencia cardíaca descompensada a lo largo de 5 años Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal, retrospectivo, de pacientes ingresados en el Servicio de Medicina I [...] nterna del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela a lo largo de 5 años (desde 1999 hasta 2003). Se registraron las variables: sexo, edad, días de ingreso, número de reingresos por insuficiencia cardíaca, motivo de ingreso, hipertensión arterial (HTA) previa, diabetes mellitus (DM) previa, cardiopatía previa, cardiopatía isquémica previa, fibrilación auricular (FA) previa, consumo de beta-bloqueantes previos al ingreso, cifras de presión arterial (PA) al ingreso, realización de ecocardiografía durante el ingreso, fracción de eyección (FE) según ecocardiograma, factor desencadenante, exitus, tratamiento domiciliario al alta. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los estadísticos descriptivos cuantitativos y cualitativos que correspondieran; para el análisis bivariante se emplearon chi-cuadrado y "t-student"; y se empleó el análisis multivariante para comprobar la influencia de determinados factores en la realización de ecocardiogramas a los pacientes ingresados. Resultados: Se incluyeron 248 pacientes. Se observó un predominio de sexo femenino (55,2%), y una mediana de edad de 77 años (rango intercuartílico de 13 años) esta fue superior en mujeres (79 años, vs 73 años en varones, p Abstract in english Objectives: To observe the epidemiologic caractheristics of the patients intaked during five years in a internal medicine department, with heart failure. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the intaked patients in the Internal Medicine Service in the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Com [...] postela between 1999 to 2003. The variables analized were: sex, age, days of hospital stay, number of intaked by failure cardiac, reason for admission (guide symptom), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiac disease, fibrillation atrium, previous treatment with beta-blockers, blood pressure in the admission moment, to make echocardiography, disfunction systolic, etiology, deceased, treatment at the end. The statistical analysis was performed with cualitative and cuantitative measures, chi-cuadrado and t-student, and multivariant analyses. Results: 248 patients were accepted for the study. We observed more women than men (55.2%) and bigger median age (79 years oldvs. 73 years old in men, p

  11. Lactose intolerance and African Americans: implications for the consumption of appropriate intake levels of key nutrients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    Lactose intolerance is a complex condition that is complicated by cultural beliefs and perceptions about the consumption of dairy products. These attitudes about dairy may contribute to inadequate intake of key nutrients that may impact conditions that contribute to health disparities in African Americans. While a complex health problem, lactose intolerance is easy to treat. However, no treatment can improve the body's ability to produce lactase. Yet, symptoms can be controlled through dietary strategies. This position paper emphasizes the importance of using patient and provider-level strategies in order to reduce the risks to the health of African Americans that may accrue as a result of dairy nutrient deficiency. Evaluation and assessment of interventions tested is critical so that evidence-based approaches to addressing dairy nutrient deficiency and lactose Intolerance can be created. Lastly, it is essential for physicians to communicate key messages to their patients. Since dairy nutrients address important health concerns, the amelioration of lactose intolerance is an investment in health. Lactose intolerance is common, is easy to treat, and can be managed. It is possible to consume dairy even in the face of a history of maldigestion or lactose intolerant issues. Gradually increasing lactose in the diet--drinking small milk portions with food, eating yogurt, and consuming cheese--are effective strategies for managing lactose intolerance and meeting optimal dairy needs. PMID:19899495

  12. Influencia del antecedente de diabetes mellitus sobre la severidad del ictus en pacientes hipertensos / Influence of history of diabetes mellitus on the severity of stroke in hypertensive patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bárbara, Fernández González; Dinorah, Tárano Bonachea; Maritza, Arteaga Águila; Liván, Rodríguez Mutuberría.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: se realizó un estudio observacional, de tipo transversal. Objetivo: determinar la influencia del antecedente de diabetes mellitus sobre la severidad del cuadro neurológico y funcional en pacientes hipertensos que han sufrido un ictus. Métodos: se estudiaron 49 pacientes del Centro Inte [...] rnacional de Restauración Neurológica (años 2007-2012) con diagnóstico de ictus con más de 6 m de evolución. Se agruparon en hipertensos diabéticos e hipertensos no diabéticos. Se compararon ambos grupos según factores de riesgo vascular (edad, índice de masa corporal, sexo, cardiopatía isquémica y valvular, dislipidemia, tabaquismo, fibrilación auricular, hiperuricemia) y escalas clínicas (Escala Escandinava del Ictus, índice de Barthel, escala de Rankin modificada). Resultados: los grupos estudiados no presentaron diferencias significativas en cuanto a factores de riesgo vascular, excepto la significativa presencia de la dislipidemia en el grupo de pacientes hipertensos diabéticos (p=0,01).El valor de las escalas aplicadas resultó superior, aunque no significativo, en los pacientes hipertensos diabéticos (p>0,05), lo que sugiere un comportamiento similar de la condición neurológica y funcional en ambos grupos. Los valores de glucemia, presión sistólica y presión diastólica no mostraron diferencias significativas en los grupos (p>0,05), se halló un control adecuado de las cifras de glucemia para la DM (6,54 ± 2,24 mmol/L) y un control inadecuado promedio de las cifras de tensión arterial para ambos grupos (presión sistólica > 130 mmHg, presión diastólica > 80 mmHg). Conclusión: el antecedente de diabetes mellitus en pacientes hipertensos que han sufrido un ictus, con una evolución superior a los 6 m, no influye sobre la severidad de la condición neurológica ni funcional. Abstract in english Background: An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted. Objective: To determine the influence of history of diabetes mellitus on the severity of neurological and functional manifestations in hypertensive patients who have suffered from a stroke. Methods: a study was conducted from 2007 to [...] 2012 in 49 patients form the International Center of Neurological Restoration, with the diagnosis of stroke of more than 6 months of evolution. They were grouped in diabetic hypertensive and non-diabetic hypertensive patients. Comparisons between the two groups were made according to vascular risk factors (age, body mass index, sex, ischemic and valvular heart disease, dyslipidemia, smoking, atrial fibrillation, and hyperuricemia) and clinical scales (Scandinavian Stroke Scale, Barthel index scale and modified Rankin scale). Results: the groups under study did not present significant differences in relation to vascular risk factors, except the significant presence of dyslipidemia in the group of diabetic hypertensive patients (p=0,01). The value of the scales used was higher, but not significant in diabetic hypertensive patients (p>0,05), suggesting a similar behavior of the neurological and functional conditions in both groups. The values of glycemia and systolic and diastolic pressures, did not show relevant differences in the groups (p>0,05), existing an appropriate control of glycemic indexes for the diabetes mellitus (6,54±2,24 mmol/l) and an average inadequate control of the indexes of blood pressure in both groups (systolic pressure> 130 mm of Hg, diastolic pressure > 80 mm of Hg). Conclusions: the antecedent of diabetes mellitus in hypertensive patients that have suffered from a stroke, with more than 6 months of evolution, does not influence on the severity of both neurological and functional conditions.

  13. Are Reductions in Population Sodium Intake Achievable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica L. Levings

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The vast majority of Americans consume too much sodium, primarily from packaged and restaurant foods. The evidence linking sodium intake with direct health outcomes indicates a positive relationship between higher levels of sodium intake and cardiovascular disease risk, consistent with the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure. Despite communication and educational efforts focused on lowering sodium intake over the last three decades data suggest average US sodium intake has remained remarkably elevated, leading some to argue that current sodium guidelines are unattainable. The IOM in 2010 recommended gradual reductions in the sodium content of packaged and restaurant foods as a primary strategy to reduce US sodium intake, and research since that time suggests gradual, downward shifts in mean population sodium intake are achievable and can move the population toward current sodium intake guidelines. The current paper reviews recent evidence indicating: (1 significant reductions in mean population sodium intake can be achieved with gradual sodium reduction in the food supply, (2 gradual sodium reduction in certain cases can be achieved without a noticeable change in taste or consumption of specific products, and (3 lowering mean population sodium intake can move us toward meeting the current individual guidelines for sodium intake.

  14. Association of Dietary Intake of Trans Fatty Acids and Coronary Heart Disease Risk in Jordanian Subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Khaled A. Abu-Hammour; Al-Ismail, Khalid M; Ayman Oudeh; Rima H. Mashal; Hayder A. Al-Domi

    2012-01-01

    The underlying role of dietary Trans Fatty Acid (TFA) intake in the aetiology of Coronary Heart Diseases (CHD) and its influence on serum lipid levels is very well established. The present study was conducted to estimate the dietary intake of TFA among selected cases of CHD and healthy participants and to investigate the strength of the association between TFA intake and CHD risk in Jordan. Using a case-control design, 100 patients known to have CHD of either sex and 91 healthy controls of age

  15. A simple tool for diet evaluation in primary health care: validation of a 16-item food intake questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemiö, Katri; Pölönen, Auli; Ahonen, Kirsti; Kosola, Mikko; Viitasalo, Katriina; Lindström, Jaana

    2014-03-01

    Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ) and create an easy to use method to estimate patients' nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women) completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorized individuals according to their nutrient intakes. Methods to estimate nutrient intake based on the answers given in 16-FIQ were created. In linear regression models nutrient intake estimates from the food records were used as the dependent variables and sum variables derived from the 16-FIQ were used as the independent variables. Valid regression models were created for the energy proportion of fat, saturated fat, and sucrose and the amount of fibre (g), vitamin C (mg), iron (mg), and vitamin D (?g) intake. The 16-FIQ is a valid method for estimating nutrient intakes in group level. In addition, the 16-FIQ could be a useful tool to facilitate identification of people in need of dietary counselling and to monitor the effect of counselling in primary health care. PMID:24599042

  16. A Simple Tool for Diet Evaluation in Primary Health Care: Validation of a 16-Item Food Intake Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katri Hemiö

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ and create an easy to use method to estimate patients’ nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorized individuals according to their nutrient intakes. Methods to estimate nutrient intake based on the answers given in 16-FIQ were created. In linear regression models nutrient intake estimates from the food records were used as the dependent variables and sum variables derived from the 16-FIQ were used as the independent variables. Valid regression models were created for the energy proportion of fat, saturated fat, and sucrose and the amount of fibre (g, vitamin C (mg, iron (mg, and vitamin D (?g intake. The 16-FIQ is a valid method for estimating nutrient intakes in group level. In addition, the 16-FIQ could be a useful tool to facilitate identification of people in need of dietary counselling and to monitor the effect of counselling in primary health care.

  17. Vitamin C Intake and the Risk of Gout in Men – A Prospective Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Hyon K.; Gao, Xiang; Curhan, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Background Several metabolic studies and a recent double-blinded placebo-controlled randomized trial have shown that higher vitamin C intake significantly reduces serum uric acid levels. Yet, the relation with the risk of gout is unknown. Methods We prospectively examined over a 20-year period (1986–2006) the relation between vitamin C intake and the risk of incident gout in 46,994 male participants with no history of gout at baseline. We used a supplementary questionnaire to ascertain the American College of Rheumatology criteria for gout. Vitamin C intake was assessed every four years through validated questionnaires. Results During the 20 years of follow-up, we documented 1,317 confirmed incident cases of gout. Compared with men with vitamin C intake < 250mg/day, the multivariate relative risk (RR) of gout was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71 to 0.97) for total vitamin C intake 500–999 mg/day, 0.66 (0.52 to 0.86) for 1,000–1,499 mg/day, and 0.55 (0.38 to 0.80) for ? 1500 mg/day (P for trend < 0.001). The multivariate RR per 500mg increase in total daily vitamin C intake was 0.83 (95% CI, 0.77 to 0.90). Compared with men who did not use supplemental vitamin C, the multivariate RR of gout was 0.66 (95% CI, 0.49 to 0.88) for supplemental vitamin C intake 1,000–1,499 mg/day and 0.55 (0.36 to 0.86) for ? 1500 mg/day (P for trend < 0.001). Conclusions Higher vitamin C intake is independently associated with a lower risk of gout. Supplemental vitamin C intake may be beneficial in the prevention of gout. PMID:19273781

  18. Effect of Dexamethasone on Postoperative Vomiting and Oral Intake after Adenotonsillectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Fazel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Complications of adenotonsillectomy such as pain, nausea and vomiting, fever, inadequate oral intake, dehydration and bleeding are common and important. In addition of unpleasant feeling for patient, post operative nausea and vomiting will lead to more prolonged hospitalization and intravenous hydration. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single dose of dexamethasone (0.5mg/kg administered before surgery could decrease postoperative vomiting and improves oral intake in the first 24-hours after adenotonsillectomy procedures.Materials & Methods: In this double-blinded, placebo controlled study, 100 patients age 5-15 years, with ASA physical status I and II were enrolled and they were randomly allocated to receive either dexamethasone (n=50 0.5 mg/kg IV (maximum dose 8 mg or an equivalent volume of saline (n=50 preoperatively. The anesthetic regimen and surgical procedures were standardized for all patients. The incidence of early and late vomiting, the first time oral intake, oral intake adequacy, and duration of IV hydration were compared in both groups. Results: Data from 100 patients were analyzed. The overall incidence of early as well as late vomiting was significantly less in dexamethasone as compared to control group (P=0.001. The time to first oral intake, oral intake adequacy, and duration of IV hydration showed significant difference in both groups (P=0.01.Conclusion: A single dose of dexamethasone was not associated with adverse effects. Dexamethasone significantly decreased the incidence of postoperative vomiting during the first 24 hour, shortened the time to the first oral intake, oral intake adequacy, and duration of IV hydration.

  19. The Relationship between Bone Mineral Density and Dietary Intake in Moroccan Children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Amine

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary intake and bone mineral density in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA. Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in Morocco between May 2010 and June 2011, covering out patients with JIA. The characteristics of patients were collected. The nutritional status was assessed by a food questionnaire including data of food intake during 7 consecutive days using 24-hour dietary recall. Food intake was quantified using the software Bilnut (Bilnut version 2.01, 1991. Bone mineral density (BMD in g/cm2 was measured by DXA method (X-ray absorptiometry on a Lunar Prodigy. Results: The study consisted of 33 patients with JIA (4 - 16 years old. The median age of patients was 10.4 ± 4.3 years. Median disease duration was 2 (1 - 4.5 years. The group of patients with low dietary intake of proteins was associated with low BMD (p = 0.03. Low BMD was related with low intake of magnesium (p = 0.007 and vitamin C (p = 0.04 in children aged between 4 and 9 years. Low intake of vitamin E and folate was associated with high BMD in the other range of children (p < 0.001. Conclusion: This study suggests that low intake of protein and of some micronutrients (magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin E and folate influence bone mass in children with JIA. Prospective studies with a larger number of patients seem to be necessary in order to confirm our findings.

  20. Hypokalemic paralysis and respiratory failure due to excessive intake of licorice syrup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Oguzhan Ay

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, which has a herbal ingredient, glycyrrhizic acid. Excessive intake of licorice may cause a hypermineralocorticoidism-like syndrome characterized by sodium and water retention, hypokalemia, hypertension, metabolic alkalosis, low-renin activity, and hypoaldosteronism. In this paper, an 34 years old man who admitted to the emergency department with respiratory failure and marked muscle weakness of all extremities that progressed to paralysis after excessive intake of licorice syrup was presented. It was aimed to draw attention to the necessity of questioning whether there is excessive intake of licorice or not in patients who admitted to emergency department with paralysis and dyspnea. Plasma potassium concentration of the patient was 1.4 mmol/L. The patient\\'s respiratory distress and loss of muscle strength recovered completely after potassium replacement. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(2.000: 387-391

  1. Folate Intake and Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene Polymorphisms as Predictive and Prognostic Biomarkers for Ovarian Cancer Risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke Wang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Folic acid and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR may affect the development of human cancer. However, few studies have evaluated folate intake and MTHFR in susceptibility to and prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. We conducted a prospective case-control study in 215 ovarian cancer patients and 218 controls (all Chinese between Jan. 2004 and Jan. 2007. MTHFR C677T genotyping was done by PCR-RFLP. All patients were followed up until Dec. 2010. We found a 2.43-fold increased risk of ovarian cancer among MTHFR 677TT carriers, and a decreased risk of ovarian cancer in individuals with high folate intake (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.32–0.94. Cox regression survival analysis showed that among the ovarian cancer patients, those carrying the 677TT genotype had a higher risk of death (HR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.20–4.79, while high folate intake was associated with a lower risk of death (HR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.33–0.88. Moreover, MTHFR 677CC carriers with higher folate intake showed a lower risk of death from ovarian cancer (HR = 0.32, 95% CI = 0.27–0.82. In summary, high folate intake may lessen susceptibility and improve the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients, while the MTHFR 677TT genotype appears to increase ovarian cancer risk and worsen its prognosis in a Chinese population.

  2. Evaluation of dysphagia risk, nutritional status and caloric intake in elderly patients with Alzheimer's / Evaluación de riesgos de la disfagia, el estado nutricional y la ingesta calórica en pacientes ancianos con Alzheimer / Avaliação do risco de disfagia, estado nutricional e ingestão calórica em idosos com Alzheimer

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vanessa Fernanda, Goes; Pâmela Billig, Mello-Carpes; Lilian Oliveira de, Oliveira; Jaqueline, Hack; Marcela, Magro; Juliana Sartori, Bonini.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar o risco de disfagia e sua relação com o estágio da doença de Alzheimer, bem como a relação entre o risco de disfagia, o estado nutricional e a ingestão calórica em idosos com doença de Alzheimer. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi constituída por 30 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com diag [...] nóstico provável de doença de Alzheimer. O estágio da doença, o estado nutricional, a ingestão energética e risco de disfagia foram avaliados. RESULTADOS: verificou- se que maior risco de disfagia está associado ao avanço das fases da doença de Alzheimer e mesmo os pacientes nos estágios iniciais da doença apresentam leve risco de desenvolvimento de disfagia. Não foi encontrada associação entre o estado nutricional e o risco de disfagia. Altos níveis de ingestão inadequada de micronutrientes em pacientes também foram observados. CONCLUSÃO: identificou-se associação entre disfagia e desenvolvimento da doença de Alzheimer. Os achados desta pesquisa apontam para a necessidade de monitorar a presença de disfagia e da ingestão de micronutrientes em pacientes com doença de Alzheimer. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: evaluar el riesgo de la disfagia y su relación con la etapa de la enfermedad de Alzheimer, así como la relación del riesgo de la disfagia y el estado nutricional y la ingesta calórica en los ancianos con enfermedad de Alzheimer. MÉTODOS: la muestra consistió en 30 sujetos de ambos se [...] xos con probable enfermedad de Alzheimer. Se evaluó la etapa de la enfermedad, el estado nutricional, la ingesta de energía y el riesgo de disfagia. RESULTADOS: se encontró que un mayor riesgo de disfagia está asociado con el avance en las etapas de la enfermedad de Alzheimer e incluso los pacientes en las primeras etapas de la enfermedad tienen un ligero riesgo de desarrollar disfagia. No se encontró asociación entre el estado nutricional y el riesgo de disfagia. También verificamos los altos niveles de ingesta insuficiente de micronutrientes en los pacientes. CONCLUSIÓN: se encontró una asociación entre la disfagia y el desarrollo de la enfermedad de Alzheimer. Nuestros resultados apuntan a la necesidad de monitorear la presencia de disfagia y la ingesta de micronutrientes en pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the risk of dysphagia and its relationship with the stage of Alzheimer's Disease, as well as the relationship between the risk of dysphagia and nutritional status and caloric intake in elderly people with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: the sample consisted of 30 subjects [...] of both genders with probable Alzheimer's disease. The stage of the disease, nutritional status, energy intake, and risk of dysphagia were assessed. RESULTS: it was found that increased risk of dysphagia is associated with the advance in the stages of Alzheimer's disease and that even patients in the early stages of disease have a slight risk of developing dysphagia. No association was found between nutritional status and the risk of dysphagia. High levels of inadequate intake of micronutrients were also verified in the patients. CONCLUSION: an association between dysphagia and the development of Alzheimer's disease was found. The results indicate the need to monitor the presence of dysphagia and the micronutrient intake in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

  3. [Botulism after intake of half-fermented fish].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, T; Jacobsen, D; von der Lippe, E; Yndestad, M

    1998-11-20

    From 1975 to 1997, 21 cases of foodborn botulism have been reported in Norway. Half-fermented fish is the major cause. We describe one patient with botulism following intake of home-prepared half-fermented fish. Seven people had eaten fish from the same bucket, but only two developed symptoms. The fish was initially stored at 13 degrees C; this probably explains why toxin developed. Type E toxin in moderate concentrations was found in fish samples. The patient was treated with specific antitoxin and made a gradual recovery. He returned to work after eight months. PMID:9889609

  4. Insufficient vitamin D intakes among pregnant women.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGowan, C A

    2011-09-01

    Vitamin D has an important role in pregnancy in promoting fetal skeletal health. Maternal dietary intake is a key factor influencing both maternal and fetal status. There are limited data available on food groups contributing to vitamin D intake in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine dietary intakes of vitamin D throughout pregnancy in 64 women and to determine the main food groups contributing to vitamin D intake. Results showed that median dietary intakes of vitamin D ranged from 1.9-2.1??g\\/d during pregnancy, and were 80% below the current recommendation. The principal food groups contributing to vitamin D intake were meat, egg and breakfast cereal groups. Oily fish, the best dietary source of vitamin D, was consumed by <25% of women. These data call for more education; they question the role of vitamin D supplementation and highlight the contribution of other food groups more frequently consumed, namely, breakfast cereals, meat and eggs.

  5. Nicotine intake by snuff users.

    OpenAIRE

    Russell, M. A.; Jarvis, M. J.; Devitt, G; Feyerabend, C.

    1981-01-01

    Blood nicotine and cotinine concentrations were measured in 27 volunteers before and after taking snuff. Within 10 minutes after snuffing blood nicotine concentrations were comparable to those obtained after the 10 minutes or so that it takes to smoke a cigarette. Nicotine intake from snuffing was related to the experience of the snuffer. In daily and occasional snuffers increases in plasma nicotine concentrations averaged 77.7 and 12.3 nmol/l (12.6 and 2.0 ng/ml) respectively, while the novi...

  6. Breeding for feed intake capacity in pigs

    OpenAIRE

    Eissen, J. J.

    2000-01-01

    This thesis deals with feed intake capacity of pigs. By selection, breeding organizations try to achieve genetic improvement in production and reproduction efficiency. Future genetic improvement may become constrained by a limited feed intake capacity of growing pigs and lactating sows, respectively. The aim of this thesis is to study the actual feed intake capacity of growing pigs and lactating sows in relation to their potential for production and reproduction in order to get a better under...

  7. The intake of carotenoids in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Torben; Jakobsen, Jette

    2000-01-01

    To estimate the intake of carotenoids in the Danish population Danish fruits and vegetables were screened with an HPLC method consisting of extraction with ethanol:tetrahydrofuran, separation by reversed phase HPLC with the mobile phase acetonitril:methanol:dichlormethan, triethylamin, BHT and detection at 450 nm. Food intakes were estimated by the national dietary surveys (1995) from 7 days' food registration (n = 1837 adults), which allows the whole diet to be described by the mean intake and intake distribution of 207 raw or semiprepared foods. By multiplication with the mean content in the foods the mean intake and intake distribution of the carotenoids were calculated. Carrots and tomatoes have both high contents of carotenoids (8,450 mu g/100 g alpha- + beta-carotene and 4,790 mu g/100 g lycopene, respectively) and high intakes (19 and 15 g/day, respectively) and were responsible for 47% and 32%, respectively, of the mean intake of carotenoids of 4.8 mg/day A median value of 4.1 mg/day was found indicating skewed intake distributions. The difference between men and women was 0.4 mg/day (p <0.0065). Only four carotenoids, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein and lycopene, contributed significantly to the intake. Women had a 6 g/day higher intake of carrots than men (p <0.0001), which explains the 0.4 mg/day difference in the intake between men and women, and the 25th percentile was well over zero (5.0 g/day for men and 5.9 g/day for women) indicating that almost everybody consumed at least some carrots.

  8. Mapping low intake of micronutrients across Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Mensink, Gert; Fletcher, Reg; Gurinovic, M.; Huybrechts, I.; Lafay, L.; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Szponar, Lucjan; Tetens, Inge; Verkaik-Kloosterman, J; Baka, A.; Stephen, A. M.

    2013-01-01

    Achieving an understanding of the extent of micronutrient adequacy across Europe is a major challenge. The main objective of the present study was to collect and evaluate the prevalence of low micronutrient intakes of different European countries by comparing recent nationally representative dietary survey data from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. Dietary intake information was evaluated for intakes of Ca, Cu, I, Fe, Mg, K, Se, Zn and ...

  9. Dietetic assessment of ambulatory cancer patients: with special attention to problems of patients suffering from head-neck cancers undergoing radiation thrapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prime objective of nutritional surveillance of cancer patients is to set up screening criteria for those who are likely to be at risk of nutrition problems and to further assess those so identified. Interventions to improve nutritional status or comfort are called for. The single most useful item with respect to screening is careful weight measurement at every visit. Subjective reports of appetite and food intake, 24-hour recalls of dietary intake, and therapy being undergone by the patient are also useful. Assessment involves obtaining the 24-hour recall data and in some cases keeping food records, and determining the patients' food likes and dislikes. Taken together, dietary, biochemical, clinical, anthropometric, and patient history data permit us to achieve greater certainty as to the problem. Usually energy intakes are problematic, but other nutrition difficlties may also be present. Intervention with respect to diet may involve therapeutic diets, special nutrition advice, or general advice. Food assistance, help with food managemnt, and general health education may also be necessary. Constant surveillance consisting of short encounters and follow-up are mandatory. Examples of these principles as they apply to head-neck cancers are presented

  10. Evaluation of feed intake by grazing animals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a nuclear incident, grazing animals will be exposed to both direct and indirect contamination, the latter in proportion to the quantity of herbage eaten and its degree of contamination. The evaluation of food intake is thus important in deciding the level of contamination. After a brief survey of intake control mechanisms and intake prediction models, the various methods for the measurement or estimation of herbage intake are presented, and their suitability for use in mediterranean and alpine countries discussed, together with some of the expected errors and problems associated with their use. (author)

  11. Socioeconomic Status is Significantly Associated with Dietary Salt Intakes and Blood Pressure in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumiko Kurioka

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The association of socioeconomic status (SES with nutrients intakes attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary salt intake and health outcomes in general Japanese workers (2,266 who participated in this Japanese occupational cohort. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Dietary intakes were assessed with a validated, brief, self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ. Multiple linear regression and stratified analysis were used to evaluate the associations of salt intake with the confounding factors. Education levels and household incomes were significantly associated with salt intake, as well as blood pressures (P < 0.05. After adjusting for age, sex and total energy intake, both years of education and household income significantly affect the salt intake (for education, ? = ?0.031, P = 0.040; for household income, ? = ?0.046, P = 0.003. SES factors also affect the risk of hypertension, those subjects with higher levels of education or income had lower risk to become hypertensive (ORs for education was 0.904, P < 0.001; ORs for income was 0.956, P = 0.032. Our results show that SES is an independent determinant of salt intake and blood pressure, in order to lower the risk of hypertension, the efforts to narrow the social status gaps should be considered by the health policy-makers.

  12. Socioeconomic Status is Significantly Associated with Dietary Salt Intakes and Blood Pressure in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyaki, Koichi; Song, Yixuan; Taneichi, Setsuko; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Hashimoto, Hideki; Kawakami, Norito; Takahashi, Masaya; Shimazu, Akihito; Inoue, Akiomi; Kurioka, Sumiko; Shimbo, Takuro

    2013-01-01

    The association of socioeconomic status (SES) with nutrients intakes attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary salt intake and health outcomes in general Japanese workers (2,266) who participated in this Japanese occupational cohort. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Dietary intakes were assessed with a validated, brief, self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ). Multiple linear regression and stratified analysis were used to evaluate the associations of salt intake with the confounding factors. Education levels and household incomes were significantly associated with salt intake, as well as blood pressures (P < 0.05). After adjusting for age, sex and total energy intake, both years of education and household income significantly affect the salt intake (for education, ? = ?0.031, P = 0.040; for household income, ? = ?0.046, P = 0.003). SES factors also affect the risk of hypertension, those subjects with higher levels of education or income had lower risk to become hypertensive (ORs for education was 0.904, P < 0.001; ORs for income was 0.956, P = 0.032). Our results show that SES is an independent determinant of salt intake and blood pressure, in order to lower the risk of hypertension, the efforts to narrow the social status gaps should be considered by the health policy-makers. PMID:23478398

  13. Visual pathway abnormalities were found in most multiple sclerosis patients despite history of previous optic neuritis / Anormalidades nas vias visuais foram encontradas na maior parte dos pacientes com esclerose multipla independentemente da historia de neurite optica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Stella Maris Costa, Castro; Alfredo, Damasceno; Benito Pereira, Damasceno; Jose Paulo de, Vasconcellos; Fabiano, Reis; Josie Naomi, Iyeyasu; Keila Monteiro de, Carvalho.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Foi analisar o campo visual (CV) de um grupo de pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM) na fase remissiva e a presença de lesões nas imagens de ressonância magnética (MRI) na radiação óptica. Método O CV foi estudado em 60 participantes (faixa etária de 20-51 anos): 35 pacientes EM remiten [...] te-recorrente: [20 neurite óptica (+), 15 neurite óptica (-)] e 25 controles. Foram obtidas MRI (3-Tesla) de todos os pacientes. Resultados Havia alterações visuais nos pacientes com EM quando comparados aos controles. A maioria apresentava defeitos difusos de CV. Todos os pacientes, à exceção de um, apresentaram lesões nas vias visuais posteriores. Não foi observada diferença significativa quanto a número, extensão e distribuição das lesões entre os pacientes com e sem história de neurite óptica. Um paciente apresentou hemianopsia homônima. Conclusão Anormalidades nas via visuais posteriores foram encontradas na maior parte dos pacientes com EM independentemente da história de neurite óptica. Abstract in english Objective It was to investigate visual field (VF) abnormalities in a group of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in the remission phase and the presence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in the optic radiations. Methods VF was assessed in 60 participants (age range 20-51 years): 35 relaps [...] ing-remitting MS patients [20 optic neuritis (+), 15 optic neuritis (-)] and 25 controls. MRI (3-Tesla) was obtained in all patients. Results Visual parameters were abnormal in MS patients as compared to controls. The majority of VF defects were diffuse. All patients except one had posterior visual pathways lesions. No significant difference in lesion number, length and distribution was noted between patients with and without history of optic neuritis. One patient presented homonymous hemianopsia. Conclusion Posterior visual pathway abnormalities were found in most MS patients despite history of previous optic neuritis.

  14. A prospective study of trans fat intake and risk of preeclampsia in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chavarro, J. E.; Halldorsson, T. I.

    2011-01-01

    Association of intake of trans fatty acids in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy with risk of preeclampsia was studied by following 67 186 pregnancies of women participating in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1998 and 2003. Diet was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire at gestation wk 25; preeclampsia diagnosis was obtained by linkage with the Danish National Patient Registry. 1804 cases of preeclampsia and 402 cases of severe preeclampsia were identified in the cohort. Intake of trans fats decreased during the study period as a consequence of reduction in industrial trans fat intake. Intake of trans fats in the 2nd trimester was unrelated to risk of preeclampsia or severe preeclampsia. Relative risk (95% confidence interval; P, trend) of preeclampsia and severe preeclampsia comparing top to bottom quintiles of trans fat intake were 0.95 (0.81; 1.11, 0.33) and 1.07 (0.78; 1.48, 0.92), respectively. It is concluded that 2nd trimester intake of trans fats is unrelated to risk of preeclampsia withinthe intake range observed in a period of gradual reduction of industrial trans fats from the Danish food supply.

  15. Preprandial ghrelin is not affected by macronutrient intake, energy intake or energy expenditure

    OpenAIRE

    Rumpler William V; Rhodes Donna G; Kramer Matthew; Paul David R

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Ghrelin, a peptide secreted by endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract, is a hormone purported to have a significant effect on food intake and energy balance in humans. The influence of factors related to energy balance on ghrelin, such as daily energy expenditure, energy intake, and macronutrient intake, have not been reported. Secondly, the effect of ghrelin on food intake has not been quantified under free-living conditions over a prolonged period of time. To inve...

  16. Clinical effects of cesium intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnikov, Petr; Zanoni, Lourdes Zélia

    2010-06-01

    The knowledge about cesium metabolism and toxicity is sparse. Oral intake of cesium chloride has been widely promoted on the basis of the hypothesis referred to as "high pH cancer therapy", a complimentary alternative medicine method for cancer treatment. However, no properly confirmed tumor regression was reported so far in all probability because of neither theoretical nor experimental grounds for this proposal. The aim of the present review was to resume and discuss the material currently available on cesium salts and their applications in medicine. The presence of cesium in the cell does not guarantee high pH of its content, and there is no clinical evidence to support the claims that cancer cells are vulnerable to cesium. Cesium is relatively safe; signs of its mild toxicity are gastrointestinal distress, hypotension, syncope, numbness, or tingling of the lips. Nevertheless, total cesium intakes of 6 g/day have been found to produce severe hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, prolonged QTc interval, episodes of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, with or without torsade de pointes, and even acute heart arrest. However, full information on its acute and chronic toxicity is not sufficiently known. Health care providers should be aware of the cardiac complications, as a result of careless cesium usage as alternative medicine. PMID:19655100

  17. Under-reporting of energy intake affects estimates of nutrient intakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirmiran, Parvin; Esmaillzadeh, Ahmad; Azizi, Fereidoun

    2006-01-01

    Under-reporting of energy intake is a common problem in nutritional epidemiological studies. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of under-reporting of energy intake on the estimates of nutrient intakes. In this cross-sectional study, 901 subjects aged >16 y were randomly selected from participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Dietary intake was assessed by means of two 24-hour dietary recalls. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) was determined according to age, sex and weight. The ratio of energy intake (EI) to BMR was calculated. Under-reporting of energy intake was defined as EI:BMREI:BMR = 1.35-2.39. To obtain energy-adjusted amounts of macro- and micronutrients, the residual method was used. Under-reporting of energy intake was revealed in 31% of the subjects and was more common among females (40%) than males (19%, P genders. The absolute intakes of macro- and micronutrients (except for B12 in females and B6 and zinc in both genders) were lower in under-reporters, but following adjustment, no significant differences were seen. The results have revealed that under-reporting of energy intake affects the estimates of nutrient intakes; thus in studies aimed at determining the association between a certain chronic disease and a nutrient intake, we suggest adjustments be made for energy intake. PMID:17077060

  18. Socio-economic differences in food group and nutrient intakes among young women in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Daniel M A; Younger, Katherine M; Walsh, Joanne; O'Neill, Marie; Sheridan, Claire; Kearney, John M

    2013-12-14

    The present study aimed to investigate socio-economic disparities in food and nutrient intakes among young Irish women. A total of 221 disadvantaged and seventy-four non-disadvantaged women aged 18-35 years were recruited. Diet was assessed using a diet history protocol. Of the total population, 153 disadvantaged and sixty-three non-disadvantaged women were classified as plausible dietary reporters. Food group intakes, nutrient intakes and dietary vitamin and mineral concentrations per MJ of energy consumed were compared between the disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged populations, as was compliance with dietary fibre, macronutrient and micronutrient intake guidelines. The disadvantaged women had lower intakes than the non-disadvantaged women of fruit, vegetables, fish, breakfast cereals, low-fat milk and wholemeal bread (all Pyogurt (P= 0·001), low-fat spread (P= 0·002) and fresh meat (P= 0·003). They also had higher intakes of butter, processed red meats, white bread, sugar-sweetened beverages, fried potatoes and potato-based snacks (all P< 0·001) and full-fat milk (P= 0·014). Nutritionally, the disadvantaged women had higher fat, saturated fat and refined sugar intakes; lower dietary fibre, vitamin and mineral intakes; and lower dietary vitamin and mineral densities per MJ than their more advantaged peers. Non-achievement of carbohydrate (P= 0·017), fat (P< 0·001), saturated fat (P< 0·001), refined sugar (P< 0·001), folate (P= 0·050), vitamin C (P< 0·001), vitamin D (P= 0·047) and Ca (P= 0·019) recommendations was more prevalent among the disadvantaged women. Both groups showed poor compliance with Fe and Na guidelines. We conclude that the nutritional deficits present among these socially disadvantaged women are significant, but may be potentially ameliorated by targeted food-based interventions. PMID:23721781

  19. Low calcium intake is related to increased risk of tooth loss in men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adegboye, Amanda R A; Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2010-01-01

    Our aim was to investigate the association between calcium (Ca) intake and number of teeth and tooth loss. The Danish Monica (Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease) study is a prospective observational study from 1982-83 to 1993-94. The study population included 1602 adults (30-60 y) with information on dietary Ca intake and number of teeth and a subset of 511 participants with information on tooth loss from 1987-88 to 1993-94. Ca intake less than the recommendations, estimated by a 7-d food record or a diet history interview in 1982-83, was more frequent among females (55%) than males (45%; P <0.001). Low Ca intake was associated with low number of teeth (1-25 vs. 26-32 teeth) in males [odds ratio (OR) = 1.57 (95% CI = 1.10-2.29)] and females [OR = 1.44 (95% CI = 1.10-2.05)] after adjustment for age, education, smoking, alcohol and sucrose consumption, subjective oral dryness, and time since last dental care visit. The reference group (26-32 teeth) and edentulous participants did not significantly differ. A Ca intake below recommendations was significantly associated with increased risk of subsequent tooth loss in males [incidence-rate ratio = 1.70 (95% CI = 1.15-2.48)]. There was no association in women. Ca intake below recommendations was significantly associated with fewer teeth in both sexes. However, there was a significant, negative association between Ca intake below recommendations and tooth loss in males only. Given the high percentage of individuals with Ca intake below recommendations, consumption of foods rich in Ca should be promoted to preserve oral health.

  20. Environmental history

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pawson, Eric; Christensen, Andreas Aagaard

    2015-01-01

    Environmental history is an interdisciplinary pursuit that has developed as a form of conscience to counter an increasingly powerful, forward-looking liberal theory of the environment. It deals with the relations between environmental ideas and materialities, from the work of the geographers George Perkins Marsh, Carl Sauer, and Clarence Glacken, to more recent global-scale assessments of the impact of the “great acceleration” since 1950. Today’s “runaway world” paradoxically embraces risk management in an attempt to determine its own future whilst generating a whole new category of “manufactured risks”. These are exposed by environmental history’s focus on long-run analysis and its narrative form that identifies the stories that we tell ourselves about nature. How a better understanding of past environmental transformations helps to analyse society and agency, and what this can mean for solutions and policies, is the agenda for an engaged environmental history from now on.

  1. History & Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Some might wonder about the connection between history and contemporary policymaking. Well, the passionate and dedicated individuals at the History & Policy organization are committed to looking at the intersection of these two areas of inquiry and research. History & Policy is a collaboration between the University of Cambridge, The Institute of Historical Research, and The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It is managed by its four founding historians, and visitors to the site can browse their papers by theme, author, or keyword. The papers offer a wide range of perspectives on history and policy-related matters, and recent works have included papers on social housing and tenant participation, genocide in the twentieth century, and "The Prime Minister as World Statesman". Practicing historians can also sign up to join their network, and anyone is welcome browse through their events calendar and register for email updates.

  2. Family History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your family history includes health information about you and your close relatives. Families have many factors in common, including their genes, ... as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Having a family member with a disease raises your risk, but ...

  3. Family History

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Brain Aneurysm Statistics and Facts Seeking Medical Attention Pediatric Aneurysms Brain Aneurysm Causes and Risk Factors Family History Early Detection and Screening Unruptured Brain Aneurysms Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Treatment Options Aneurysm Complications Post ...

  4. Socioeconomic Status Is Significantly Associated with the Dietary Intakes of Folate and Depression Scales in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takuro Shimbo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The association of socioeconomic status (SES with nutrient intake attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary intake of folate and health outcomes in general Japanese workers. This Japanese occupational cohort consisted off 2266 workers. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Intakes of all nutrients were assessed with a validated, brief and self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ. The degree of depressive symptoms was measured by the validated Japanese version of the K6 scale. Multiple linear regression and stratified analysis were used to evaluate the associations of intake with the confounding factors. Path analysis was conducted to describe the impacts of intake on health outcomes. Education levels and household incomes were significantly associated with intake of folate and depression scales (p < 0.05. After adjusting for age, sex and total energy intake, years of education significantly affect the folate intake (? = 0.117, p < 0.001. The structural equation model (SEM shows that the indirect effect of folate intake is statistically significant and strong (p < 0.05, 56% of direct effect in the pathway of education level to depression scale. Our study shows both education and income are significantly associated with depression scales in Japanese workers, and the effort to increase the folate intake may alleviate the harms of social disparities on mental health.

  5. Socioeconomic Status Is Significantly Associated with the Dietary Intakes of Folate and Depression Scales in Japanese Workers (J-HOPE Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyaki, Koichi; Song, Yixuan; Taneichi, Setsuko; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Hashimoto, Hideki; Kawakami, Norito; Takahashi, Masaya; Shimazu, Akihito; Inoue, Akiomi; Kurioka, Sumiko; Shimbo, Takuro

    2013-01-01

    The association of socioeconomic status (SES) with nutrient intake attracts public attention worldwide. In the current study, we examined the associations of SES with dietary intake of folate and health outcomes in general Japanese workers. This Japanese occupational cohort consisted off 2266 workers. SES was assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Intakes of all nutrients were assessed with a validated, brief and self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ). The degree of depressive symptoms was measured by the validated Japanese version of the K6 scale. Multiple linear regression and stratified analysis were used to evaluate the associations of intake with the confounding factors. Path analysis was conducted to describe the impacts of intake on health outcomes. Education levels and household incomes were significantly associated with intake of folate and depression scales (p < 0.05). After adjusting for age, sex and total energy intake, years of education significantly affect the folate intake (? = 0.117, p < 0.001). The structural equation model (SEM) shows that the indirect effect of folate intake is statistically significant and strong (p < 0.05, 56% of direct effect) in the pathway of education level to depression scale. Our study shows both education and income are significantly associated with depression scales in Japanese workers, and the effort to increase the folate intake may alleviate the harms of social disparities on mental health. PMID:23429440

  6. Impacto del procesamiento de los productos cárnicos y pescados en la ingesta de fósforo en los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica / The impact of processing meat and fish products on phosphorus intake in chronic kidney disease patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis M., Lou-Arnal; Alberto, Caverni-Muñoz; Laura, Arnaudas-Casanova; Antonio, Vercet-Tormo; José A., Gimeno-Orna; Alejandro, Sanz-París; Rocío, Caramelo-Gutiérrez; Rafael, Álvarez-Lipe; Laura, Sahdalá-Santana; Olga, Gracia-García; Marta, Luzón-Alonso.

    Full Text Available Introducción y objetivos: La adición de aditivos fosfóricos en el procesamiento de carnes y pescados implica una sobrecarga de fósforo que no podemos cuantificar a través del etiquetado ni de las tablas de composición de alimentos. Analizamos este incremento mediante la determinación por espectrofot [...] ometría del fósforo contenido en estos productos. Material y método: Determinamos el cociente fósforo/proteínas en productos cárnicos y pescados frescos y con distintos grados de procesamiento mediante espectrofotometría (fósforo) y método Kjeldahl (proteínas). Contrastamos estos resultados con los reflejados en las tablas de composición de alimentos. Resultados: El cociente fósforo/proteínas es superior en los productos cárnicos procesados (15,83 mg/g) que en los rebozados (11,04 mg/g) y congelados (10,5 mg/g), siendo más reducido en productos cárnicos frescos (8,41 mg/g) y refrigerados (8,78 mg/g). El pescado blanco fresco presenta un cociente fósforo/proteínas de 8,58 mg/g, mientras que en el congelado se incrementa en un 22 % (10,3 mg/g) y en el rebozado en un 46 % (12,54 mg/g). La información de las tablas es pobre y confusa, sin referencia a las marcas analizadas. Conclusiones: El procesamiento de los productos cárnicos y pescados supone un serio obstáculo para la reducción del consumo de fósforo. El actual marco regulador no favorece el objetivo de reducir el uso de los aditivos fosfóricos al considerarlos seguros para el consumo público. Superar estas barreras implica esfuerzos coordinados para demostrar que el consumo alto de estos aditivos puede ser perjudicial para la población general y debe ser objeto de un mayor escrutinio por los reguladores. Abstract in english Introduction and objectives. The use of phosphate additives in meat and fish processing leads to a phosphorus overload that we cannot quantify through labelling or food composition tables. We analysed this increase by measuring phosphorus content in these products by spectrophotometry. Materials and [...] method. We determined the phosphorus/protein ratio in fresh meat and fish products with varying degrees of processing by spectrophotometry (phosphorus) and the Kjeldahl method (proteins). We contrasted these results with those reflected in the food composition tables. Results. The phosphorus/protein ratio was higher in processed meat products (15.83mg/g) than in battered (11.04mg/g) and frozen meat products (10.5mg/g), and was lower in fresh (8.41mg/g) and refrigerated meat products (8.78mg/g). Fresh white fish had a phosphorus/protein ratio of 8.58mg/g, while it increased by 22% (10.3mg/g) in frozen white fish and by 46% (12.54mg/g) in battered fish. The information in the tables was poor and confusing, and no reference is made to the brands tested. Conclusions. Processing meat and fish products poses a serious obstacle to the reduction of phosphorus intake. The current regulatory framework does not assist us in the objective of reducing phosphorus additives, since it considers them safe for public consumption. Overcoming these barriers requires a coordinated effort to demonstrate that a high intake of these additives may be harmful to the general population and it should be more closely examined by regulators.

  7. Habitual rapid food intake and ineffective esophageal motility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kong-Ling Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP in relation to ineffective esophageal motility (IEM and rapid food intake. METHODS: NCCP patients with a self-reported habit of fast eating underwent esophageal manometry for the diagnosis of IEM. Telephone interviews identified eating habits of additional IEM patients. Comparison of manometric features was done among IEM patients with and without the habit of rapid food intake and healthy controls. A case study investigated the effect of 6-mo gum chewing on restoration of esophageal motility in an IEM patient. The Valsalva maneuver was performed in IEM patients and healthy controls to assess the compliance of the esophagus in response to abdominal pressure increase. RESULTS: Although most patients diagnosed with NCCP do not exhibit IEM, remarkably, all 12 NCCP patients who were self-reporting fast eaters with a main complaint of chest pain (75.0% had contraction amplitudes in the mid and distal esophagus that were significantly lower compared with healthy controls [(23.45 mmHg (95%CI: 14.06-32.85 vs 58.80 mmHg (95%CI: 42.56-75.04, P < 0.01 and 28.29 mmHg (95%CI: 21.77-34.81 vs 50.75 mmHg (95%CI: 38.44-63.05, P < 0.01, respectively]. In 7 normal-eating IEM patients with a main complaint of sensation of obstruction (42.9%, the mid amplitude was smaller than in the controls [30.09 mmHg (95%CI: 19.48-40.70 vs 58.80 mmHg (95%CI: 42.56-75.04, P < 0.05]. There was no statistically significant difference in manometric features between the fast-eating and normal-eating groups. One NCCP patient who self-reported fast eating and was subsequently diagnosed with IEM did not improve with proton-pump inhibition but restored swallow-induced contractions upon 6-mo gum-chewing. The Valsalva maneuver caused a markedly reduced pressure rise in the mid and proximal esophagus in the IEM patients. CONCLUSION: Habitual rapid food intake may lead to IEM. A prospective study is needed to validate this hypothesis. Gum-chewing might strengthen weakened esophageal muscles.

  8. Comorbidities and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with psoriasis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabela Guimarães Ribeiro, Baeta; Flávia Vasques, Bittencourt; Bernardo, Gontijo; Eugênio Marcos Andrade, Goulart.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease and its pathogenesis involves an interaction between genetic, environmental, and immunological factors. Recent studies have suggested that the chronic inflammatory nature of psoriasis may predispose to an association with other inflammatory di [...] seases, especially cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic, clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory characteristics of a sample of psoriasis patients; to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities in this group of patients; and to identify the cardiovascular risk profile using the Framingham risk score. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving the assessment of 190 patients. Participants underwent history and physical examination. They also completed a specific questionnaire about epidemiological data, past medical history, and comorbidities. The cardiovascular risk profile was calculated using the Framingham risk score. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 51.5 ± 14 years, and the predominant clinical presentation was plaque psoriasis (78.4%). We found an increased prevalence of systemic hypertension, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. Increased waist circumference was also found in addition to a considerable prevalence of depression, smoking, and regular alcohol intake. Patients' cardiovascular risk was high according to the Framingham risk score, and 47.2% of patients had moderate or high risk of fatal and non-fatal coronary events in 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: Patients had high prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities, and high cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham risk score. Further epidemiological studies are needed in Brazil for validation of our results.

  9. SUBCUTANEOUS ABSCESS CAUSED BY NOCARDIA ASTEROIDES IN A PATIENT WITH PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS: CASE REPORT AN D REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Nocardia spp. are aerobic, filamentous Gram positive bacilli causing different infections, predominantly in the immunocompromised ho st. Infection is produced by different species like N. asteroides, N. brasiliensis and N. o titidiscaviarum. Different predisposing factors have been reported, like corticosteroid therapy, Dia betes mellitus, and HIV infection. METHODS: We here report a case of subcutaneous abscess due t o Nocardia asteroides in a patient with previous history of pulmonary tuberculos is and antitubercular drug intake. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Nocardia spp. should be suspected in patients receivin g antitubercular chemotherapy

  10. Johnson screen for cooling water intakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson surface-water screens provide an alternative to vertical traveling screens for power plant cooling water intakes. In this paper, flow field modeling is discussed, and a series of case studies is presented. The hydraulic information obtained is discussed as it applies to the exclusion of biota and debris from cooling water intake systems

  11. MOLYBDENUM INTAKE INFLUENCES MOLYBDENUM KINETICS IN HUMANS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molybdenum is an essential mineral in the human diet and is toxic when intake is excessive. Data on which to base dietary recommendations, especially for excessive intake for humans, is limited. The objective of this study was to determine physiologic adaptations that occur when humans are exposed t...

  12. Metabolomics to Explore Impact of Dairy Intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Zheng

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Dairy products are an important component in the Western diet and represent a valuable source of nutrients for humans. However, a reliable dairy intake assessment in nutrition research is crucial to correctly elucidate the link between dairy intake and human health. Metabolomics is considered a potential tool for assessment of dietary intake instead of traditional methods, such as food frequency questionnaires, food records, and 24-h recalls. Metabolomics has been successfully applied to discriminate between consumption of different dairy products under different experimental conditions. Moreover, potential metabolites related to dairy intake were identified, although these metabolites need to be further validated in other intervention studies before they can be used as valid biomarkers of dairy consumption. Therefore, this review provides an overview of metabolomics for assessment of dairy intake in order to better clarify the role of dairy products in human nutrition and health.

  13. Food choices for lowering sodium intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altschul, A M; Grommet, J K

    1982-01-01

    Excessive intake of dietary sodium is one form of affluent or industrial society malnutrition. When combined with a genetic-based sodium sensitivity, this high sodium intake becomes a factor in the etiology of hypertension. Most dietary sodium comes from food, natural of processed. Indirect measures of discretionary sodium intake, that from the salt shaker in the kitchen or at the table, put it at a level of 25% to 50% in the United States. Direct measures on a small sample of subjects indicate that less than 10% of sodium intake is discretionary. Anyone who needs to reduce sodium intake must, therefore, make major changes in diet. This requires information on the sodium content of common foods, the availability of low sodium analogs of popular foods, and a variety of low sodium condiments to provide more choice for the individual. PMID:7106942

  14. 30 CFR 56.13012 - Compressor air intakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compressor air intakes. 56.13012 Section 56.13012... Compressed Air and Boilers § 56.13012 Compressor air intakes. Compressor air intakes shall be installed to ensure...

  15. 30 CFR 57.13012 - Compressor air intakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compressor air intakes. 57.13012 Section 57.13012... Compressed Air and Boilers § 57.13012 Compressor air intakes. Compressor air intakes shall be installed to ensure...

  16. 40 CFR 401.14 - Cooling water intake structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true Cooling water intake structures. 401.14 Section...PROVISIONS § 401.14 Cooling water intake structures. The location...construction and capacity of cooling water intake structures of any point...

  17. Higher intake of vitamin B-6 and dairy products and lower intake of green and oolong tea are independently associated with lower serum homocysteine concentration in young Japanese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Kentaro; Sasaki, Satoshi; Uenishi, Kazuhiro

    2013-08-01

    Little is known about the relation of modifiable dietary factors to circulating homocysteine concentrations, particularly in young adults and non-Western populations. We investigated the hypothesis that intakes of nutrients and foods are associated with serum homocysteine concentration in a group of young Japanese women. This cross-sectional study included 1050 female Japanese dietetic students aged 18 to 22 years. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated, self-administered, comprehensive diet history questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were collected, and serum homocysteine concentrations were measured. Adjustment was made for survey year, region, municipality level, current smoking, current alcohol drinking, dietary supplement use, physical activity, body mass index, energy intake, and intakes of other nutrients or foods. After adjustment for nondietary confounding factors, intakes of all B vitamins (folate, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and riboflavin) were inversely associated with homocysteine concentration. However, only vitamin B-6 remained significant after further adjustment for other B vitamins. Marine-origin n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake showed an inverse association, but this was not independent of intakes of B vitamins. For foods, pulses, fish and shellfish, and vegetables were independently and inversely associated with homocysteine concentration, but these associations disappeared after adjustment for intakes of other foods. Conversely, an inverse association for dairy products and a positive association for green and oolong tea remained even after adjustment for other foods. To conclude, in a group of young Japanese women, higher intake of vitamin B-6 and dairy products and lower intake of green and oolong tea were independently associated with lower serum homocysteine concentration. PMID:23890355

  18. Cultural history as polyphonic history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burke, Peter

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This texts offers a reflection on the origins and actual development of the field of cultural history through a comparison with the term that has served as title for this seminar: “polyphonic history”. The author provides an overview of the themes that have structured the seminar (the history of representations, the history of the body and the cultural history of science with the aim of making explicit and clarifying this plurality of voices in the field of history as well as its pervasiveness in other research areas.

    En este texto se ofrece una reflexión sobre el origen y actual desarrollo del campo de la historia cultural a través de una comparación con el término que ha dado título a este seminario: “historia polifónica”. El autor propone un recorrido por las áreas temáticas que han conformado la estructura del seminario (la historia de las representaciones, la historia del cuerpo y la historia cultural de la ciencia con el objeto de explicitar y explicar esta pluralidad de voces en el campo de la historia, así como su repercusión en otras áreas del conocimiento.

  19. Heritability of dietary food intake patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Berg, Linda; Henneman, Peter; Willems van Dijk, Ko; Delemarre-van de Waal, Henriette A; Oostra, Ben A; van Duijn, Cornelia M; Janssens, A Cecile J W

    2013-10-01

    The quality and quantity of food intake affect body weight, but little is known about the genetics of such human dietary intake patterns in relation to the genetics of BMI. We aimed to estimate the heritability of dietary intake patterns and genetic correlation with BMI in participants of the Erasmus Rucphen Family study. The study included 1,690 individuals (42 % men; age range, 19-92), of whom 41.4 % were overweight and 15.9 % were obese. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the number of days (0-7) on which participants consumed vegetables, fruit, fruit juice, fish, unhealthy snacks, fastfood, and soft drinks. Principal component analysis was applied to examine the correlations between the questionnaire items and to generate dietary intake pattern scores. Heritability and the shared genetic and shared non-genetic (environmental) correlations were estimated using the family structure of the cohort. Principal component analysis suggested that the questionnaire items could be grouped in a healthy and unhealthy dietary intake pattern, explaining 22 and 18 % of the phenotypic variance, respectively. The dietary intake patterns had a heritability of 0.32 for the healthy and 0.27 for the unhealthy pattern. Genetic correlations between the dietary intake patterns and BMI were not significant, but we found a significant environmental correlation between the unhealthy dietary intake pattern and BMI. Specific dietary intake patterns are associated with the risk of obesity and are heritable traits. The genetic factors that determine specific dietary intake patterns do not significantly overlap with the genetic factors that determine BMI. PMID:22415036

  20. Pemphigus erythematosus relapse associated with atorvastatin intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lo Schiavo A

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ada Lo Schiavo,1 Rosa Valentina Puca,1 Francesca Romano,1 Roberto Cozzi2 1Department of Dermatology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy; 2Department of Dermatology, AORN "A Cardarelli", Naples, Italy Abstract: Statins, also known as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaril-CoA reductase inhibitors, are well-tolerated drugs used for prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Although they are generally considered safe, some serious adverse effects, such as myositis, myopathy, and rhabdomyolysis can rarely occur. Furthermore, recent data from long-term follow-up on patients who have been taking statins for a long period of time suggest that prolonged exposure to statins may trigger autoimmune reactions. The exact mechanism of statin-induced autoimmune reactions is unclear. Statins, as proapoptotic agents, release nuclear antigen into the circulation and may induce the production of pathogenic autoantibodies. Herein we report the case of a 70 year-old man who developed a relapse of pemphigus erythematosus, a syndrome with features of both lupus erythematosus and pemphigus, after atorvastatin intake. Keywords: pemphigus erythematosus, autoimmune disease, treatment, pathogenesis, statins

  1. Glycaemic control: The role of nutritional intake, postprandial glycaemia, nutrition therapy adherence, and diabetes complications

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Ezequiel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis analysed the associations between several clinical and psychometric variables that can determine glycaemic control: nutritional intake, barriers to nutrition therapy adherence, postprandial glycaemia, and diabetes complications perception. A group of 66 patients previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus was recruited and categorized into patients with HbA1c below 7% (proper glycaemic control) and patients with HbA1c of 7% or above (poor glycaemic control). All subje...

  2. A lei seca cumpriu sua meta em reduzir acidentes relacionados à ingestão excessiva de álcool? / Reducing accidents related to excessive alcohol intake? A retrospective study of polytraumatized patients undergoing surgery at a Brazilian University Hospital

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Regina Helena Garcia, Martins; Caio Bosquê Hidalgo, Ribeiro; Thalita, Fracalossi; Norimar Hernandes, Dias.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar se a Lei Seca cumpriu sua meta após três anos da promulgação. MÉTODOS: estudo retrospectivo dos