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Comparison of anamnestic history, alcohol intake and smoking, nutritional status, and liver dysfunction between thorotrast patients who developed primary liver cancer and those who did not  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to clarify the differences in past history, nutritional condition and, consumption of alcohol and tobacco, and liver dysfunction between the thorotrast patients who developed primary liver cancer and those who did not, 103 persons who had no primary liver cancer in January 1980 were studied. All subjects were military men who had undergone angiography with thorotrast between 1943 and 1946. Twenty persons developed hepatocellular carcinoma and 16 developed intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma by April 1987, whereas 67 are still alive without any cancer. There was no difference in age or period after thorotrast infusion between those two groups of patients in January 1980. A difference in history of hepatitis and/or jaundice and presence of hepatic dysfunction was found between the subjects who developed primary liver cancers and those who did not. These findings suggest that an anamnestic history of hepatitis and liver dysfunction are risks for development of thorotrast-induced liver cancer. On the basis of the above findings, early detection of liver dysfunction offers a possibility of early diagnosis of primary liver cancer

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Macronutrients Intake in Iranian Multiple Sclerosis Patients  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess intake of macronutrients in MS patients. 108 MS patients were randomly selected from Iranian MS society in Tehran in 2005. Two questionnaires regarding personal and medical information were filled for each patient. Food intake was assessed by three 24 h recalls and a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The recorded data were converted to values in grams using Manual for Household Measures and then to nutrient ingredients by nutritionist 3 application. Data was analyzed by SPSS; mean and standard deviation of each macronutrient was calculated; student`s t-test was applied to compare the results with reference values. Protein and carbohydrate intake in Iranian MS patients were less than recommended, while their daily intake of total and saturated fat were higher than reference values. Their intake of polyunsaturated fat and dietary fiber was shown to be less than recommended. Body mass index in 14.8% of patients was lower than normal and in 38% of them showed to be higher than normal. It seems nutritional assessment, counseling and education to improve diet is necessary in Iranian MS patients.

M. Mohammad Shirazi

2007-01-01

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Assessment of daily food and nutrient intake in Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using dietary reference intakes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM), especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1) assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and (2) characterize their intake relative to national recommendations. This cross-sectional study involved 149 patients (77 males and 72 females) aged 40-79 years with T2DM recruited at a Kyoto hospital. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Under-consumption, adequacy, and over-consumption, of nutrients were compared to the age- and sex-based standards of the Japanese Dietary Reference Intakes. Among the results, most notable are (1) the inadequacy of diets in men with respect to intake of vitamins and minerals, likely owing to low intake of vegetables and fruits; (2) excess contributions of fat intake to total energy in both sexes; and (3) excess consumption of sweets and beverages relative to the national average. The prevalence of diabetes complications may be increasing because of a major gap between the typical dietary intake of individuals with T2DM and dietary recommendation. PMID:23803740

Kobayashi, Yukiko; Hattori, Mikako; Wada, Sayori; Iwase, Hiroya; Kadono, Mayuko; Tatsumi, Hina; Kuwahata, Masashi; Fukui, Michiaki; Hasegawa, Goji; Nakamura, Naoto; Kido, Yasuhiro

2013-07-01

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Assessment of Daily Food and Nutrient Intake in Japanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Dietary Reference Intakes  

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Full Text Available Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM, especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1 assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and (2 characterize their intake relative to national recommendations. This cross-sectional study involved 149 patients (77 males and 72 females aged 40–79 years with T2DM recruited at a Kyoto hospital. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire. Under-consumption, adequacy, and over-consumption, of nutrients were compared to the age- and sex-based standards of the Japanese Dietary Reference Intakes. Among the results, most notable are (1 the inadequacy of diets in men with respect to intake of vitamins and minerals, likely owing to low intake of vegetables and fruits; (2 excess contributions of fat intake to total energy in both sexes; and (3 excess consumption of sweets and beverages relative to the national average. The prevalence of diabetes complications may be increasing because of a major gap between the typical dietary intake of individuals with T2DM and dietary recommendation.

Naoto Nakamura

2013-06-01

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Reorganization of a hospital catering system increases food intake in patients with inadequate intake  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background : Low food intake is a frequent problem in undernourished hospital patients. Objective: To study whether a reorganization of a hospital catering system enabling patients to choose their evening meal individually, in combination with an increase in the energy density of the food, increases the energy and protein intake of the patients. Design: Observational study comparing the food intake before and twice after the implementation of the new system, the first time by specially trained staff and the second time by ordinary staff members, following training. The amount of food served, eaten and wasted was measured, and energy and protein intake calculated. Results: The quartile of patients with the lowest energy intake consumed on average 128 kJ per patient [(95% confidence interval (CI) 79-178 kJ] with the old system; with the new system they consumed 560 kJ per patient (95% CI 489-631 kJ) on the first occasion, and 1021 kJ per patient (95% CI 939-1104 kJ) on the second occasion. With the old system, the wastage was on average 276 g per patient (48% of the total amount produced) compared with 118 g per patient (30%) and 78 g (21%) on the two test occasions with the new system. Conclusions: Reorganization of a hospital catering system can increase energy and protein intake and reduce waste substantially.

Freil, M; Nielsen, MA

2006-01-01

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Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

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Full Text Available Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years. The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day, and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day, the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.

L.C. Vendramini

2012-09-01

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Evaluation of Food Intake in Ulcerative Colitis Patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Ulcerative colitis (UC is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the colon of unknown cause that is associated with important nutrition deficiencies such as protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Because no study has been carried out to date in Iran, the aim of this pilot study was the assessment of dietary intake of these patients. Methods: In this pilot study, 41 UC patients whose disease severity was mild or moderate were selected. Data about diet restrictions were collected via a questionnaire and dietary intake was assessed 3 times during a 2 month period with 30 days interval and 3-day food-recall (9days in general. Results: Subjects were 26 men and 15 women and 65.9% patients avoided completely or limited milk intake. Dietary limitation about fruits and vegetables was 24.4 and 43.9 percent, respectively and legumes intake was 58.5%. Mean calorie intake in 41 patients was 2125.14±60.83 calories/day and in two groups, calcium and fiber intake was significantly less than the standard dietary recommendation. Conclusion: Dietary intake examination showed some deficiencies such as calcium and iron deficiency and fiber intake was low because the intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes was limited.

Z Faghfoori

2010-04-01

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Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

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Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restri...

Vendramini, L. C.; Nishiura, J. L.; Baxmann, A. C.; Heilberg, I. P.

2012-01-01

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Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive d [...] ays in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day), and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day), the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.

L.C., Vendramini; J.L., Nishiura; A.C., Baxmann; I.P., Heilberg.

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Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive d [...] ays in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day), and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day), the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.

L.C., Vendramini; J.L., Nishiura; A.C., Baxmann; I.P., Heilberg.

2012-09-01

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Food intakes and preferences of hospitalised geriatric patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background A cross sectional survey was carried out on 120 hospitalised geriatric patients aged 60 and above in Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur to investigate their nutrient intakes and food preferences. Methods Food intakes were recorded using a one day weighed method and diet recall. Food preferences were determined using a five point hedonic score. Food wastages and factors affecting dietary adequacy were also investigated. Results The findings indicated that the mean intakes of energy and all nutrients investigated except for vitamin C and fluid were below the individual requirement for energy, protein and fluid, and the Malaysian Recommendation of Dietary Allowances (RDA for calcium, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and acid ascorbic. In general, subjects preferred vegetables, fruits and beans to red meat, milk and dairy products. There was a trend of women to have a higher percentage for food wastage. Females, diabetic patients, subjects who did not take snacks and subjects who were taking hospital food only, were more likely to consume an inadequate diet (p Conclusions Food service system in hospital should consider the food preferences among geriatric patients in order to improve the nutrient intake. In addition, the preparation of food most likely to be rejected such as meat, milk and dairy products need some improvements to increase the acceptance of these foods among geriatric patients. This is important because these foods are good sources of energy, protein and micronutrients that can promote recovery from disease or illness.

Wan Chik Wan Chak

2002-08-01

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Comparisons of food intake between breast cancer patients and controls in Korean women  

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The purpose of this study was to compare food intakes between Korean breast cancer patients and a healthy control group. We compared the intake of nutrients of 117 food items between Korean breast cancer patients (n=97) and age matched healthy controls (n=97). Nutrient intake was estimated using a quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The mean caloric intake of breast cancer patients and healthy controls was not significantly different. Breast cancer patients consumed significantly less ...

Kim, Eun-young; Hong, Yeong-seon; Jeon, Hae-myung; Sung, Mi-kyung; Sung, Chung-ja

2007-01-01

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Assessment of Daily Food and Nutrient Intake in Japanese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Dietary Reference Intakes  

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Medical nutrition therapy for the management of diabetes plays an important role in preventing diabetes complications and managing metabolic control. However, little is known about actual eating habits of individuals with type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM), especially in Japan. Therefore, we sought to (1) assess the dietary intake of individuals with T2DM, and (2) characterize their intake relative to national recommendations. This cross-sectional study involved 149 patients (77 males and 72 fem...

Naoto Nakamura; Goji Hasegawa; Michiaki Fukui; Masashi Kuwahata; Hina Tatsumi; Mayuko Kadono; Sayori Wada; Hiroya Iwase; Mikako Hattori; Yukiko Kobayashi; Yasuhiro Kido

2013-01-01

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Dietary fat and antioxidant vitamin intake in patients of neurodegenerative disease in a rural region of Jalisco, Mexico  

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Objective To evaluate and compare the intake of lipids and (A, E, and C) vitamins in patients with and without possible neurodegenerative diseases. Methods Twenty adults with possible Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease and 41 control subjects (50–89 years old) from a rural region were studied. Dietary intake was evaluated with the analysis of macronutrients and micronutrients conducted by a food frequency questionnaire and 24 hours dietary record. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and energy intake. Through interrogation and use of medical record form of health secretary we obtained information about the sociodemographic characteristics. Multivariate analysis of variance to allow for covariated adjustment was used. Results Patients had a lower energy intake, vitamin C (P = 0.016), fruits (P < 0.001), vegetables (P = 0.037), and oils and fat (P = 0.002), than the controls. Interestingly, the C vitamin intake in patients was still higher than the recommended. Patients had a higher consumption of cereals (P = 0.017), high-animal fat diet (P = 0.024), and whole milk (P < 0.001); 2.4% of the controls smoke and 5% are alcohol consumers. Eighty-five percent of patients and 78% of the controls do not have physical activity. Family history of subjects in this study indicated chronic diseases. Conclusion The subjects included in this study had a high intake of C vitamin, this is due to the consumption of fruits and vegetables. However, patients with possible Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease had a lower intake of fruits and vegetables, which could be due to type of food to which they have access. PMID:24257159

Navarro-Meza, Monica; Gabriel-Ortiz, Genaro; Pacheco-Moises, Fermin P.; Cruz-Ramos, Jose A.; Lopez-Espinoza, Antonio

2014-01-01

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Food caregivers influence on nutritional intake among admitted haematological cancer patients - a prospective study  

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Haematological cancer patients have an increased risk of undernourishment due to their malignancy, treatment toxicity and severe infections. This study examines whether kitchen assistants working as food caregivers increase nutritional intake and knowledge among haematological cancer patients.

Lindman, Astrid; Rasmussen, Helle Brygger

2013-01-01

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Factors Associated with Low Intake of Dietary Fiber in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients  

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Full Text Available Inflammatory bowel disease patients reduce their intake of foods rich in dietary fibers in an attempt to prevent recurrence of the disease, predisposing these patients to nutritional losses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intake of dietary fiber and associated factors in a group of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This was a cross-sectional study with 61 inflammatory bowel disease patients, and all participants were outpatients in Salvador, Bahia. Patients completed a semi-structured questionnaire that included questions about demographics, socioeconomic status and anthropometric and clinical information and a food frequency questionnaire to assess the intake of dietary fiber. The mean intake of dietary fiber was 28.2 ± 14.8 g/day for inflammatory bowel disease patients, 27.9 ± 10.1 g/day for ulcerative colitis (UC patients and 28.9 ± 21.1 g/days for those with Crohn’s disease (CD (p > 0.05. Most inflammatory bowel disease patients (52.5% had intake below that recommended for dietary fiber. Inadequate consumption was present in 56.3% of CD patients and 43.8% of those with UC (p = 0.28. Men had lower fiber intake than women (p = 0.04. No significant associations between fiber intake and disease activity, location, presence of complications, gastrointestinal complaints, and nutrition counseling were found (p > 0.05. The low intake of dietary fiber was present in most patients, and the greatest inadequacy was found in males. Insufficient intake of dietary fiber appears to be linked to demographic features and not necessarily clinical characteristics relevant to inflammatory bowel disease.

Vanessa Rosa Brito Oliveira

2014-05-01

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Urea synthesis in patients with chronic pancreatitis : relation to glucagon secretion and dietary protein intake  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Up-regulation of urea synthesis by amino acids and dietary protein intake may be impaired in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) due to the reduced glucagon secretion. Conversely, urea synthesis may be increased as a result of the chronic inflammation. The aims of the study were to determine urea synthesis kinetics in CP patients in relation to glucagon secretion (study I) and during an increase in protein intake (study II).

Andersen, Vibeke; Andersen, Vibeke

2001-01-01

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Effect of sow history features on growth and feed intake in grow-finish pigs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sow provides a specific environment to her offspring during gestation and lactation. Certain features in the early life of the sow (sow history features) may affect her ability to deliver and feed a healthy litter. In genetic analyses of grow-finish traits, these effects are estimated as common litter or permanent sow effects. The objective of this research was to identify sow history features that affect the growth rate (GR) and feed intake (FI) of her offspring during the grow-finish stage. Data from 17,743 grow-finish pigs, coming from 604 sires and 681 crossbred sows, were recorded between May 2001 and February 2010 at the experimental farm of the Institute for Pig Genetics (Beilen, the Netherlands). The grow-finish stage was divided into 2 phases (phase 1: 26 to 75 kg; phase 2: 75 to 115 kg). The sow history features were birth litter size, birth year and season, birth farm, weaning age, age of transfer to the experimental farm, and age at first insemination. The sow features were added to the basic model one at a time to study their effect on the grow-finish traits of the pigs. Subsequently, significant sow features (P finish pigs by 0.1 g/d. The heritability estimates for GR and FI (only in phase 2 of the grow-finish stage) decreased after adding the sow features to the model. No differences were found in estimates of the common litter effects between the basic model and the model with all significant sow features. The estimates of the permanent sow effect changed for FI from 0.03 (basic model) to 0.00 (model with sow features), and for FI in phase 1, the permanent sow effect decreased from 0.03 (basic model) to 0.01 (model with sow features). In conclusion, selected sow features do affect the grow-finish traits of the pigs, but their estimates are small and explain only a small proportion of the differences in the GR and FI of grow-finish pigs. The sow features partially explained the permanent sow effect of FI-related traits and did not explain the common litter effect. Although the sow early life features can affect piglet traits, they do not predict which sows produce better performing offspring in the grow-finish stage. PMID:21856890

Sell-Kubiak, E; Knol, E F; Bijma, P

2012-01-01

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Daily intake of antioxidants in relation to survival among adult patients diagnosed with malignant glioma  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant glioma is a rare cancer with poor survival. The influence of diet and antioxidant intake on glioma survival is not well understood. The current study examines the association between antioxidant intake and survival after glioma diagnosis. Methods Adult patients diagnosed with malignant glioma during 1991-1994 and 1997-2001 were enrolled in a population-based study. Diagnosis was confirmed by review of pathology specimens. A modified food-frequency questionnaire interview was completed by each glioma patient or a designated proxy. Intake of each food item was converted to grams consumed/day. From this nutrient database, 16 antioxidants, calcium, a total antioxidant index and 3 macronutrients were available for survival analysis. Cox regression estimated mortality hazard ratios associated with each nutrient and the antioxidant index adjusting for potential confounders. Nutrient values were categorized into tertiles. Models were stratified by histology (Grades II, III, and IV and conducted for all (including proxy subjects and for a subset of self-reported subjects. Results Geometric mean values for 11 fat-soluble and 6 water-soluble individual antioxidants, antioxidant index and 3 macronutrients were virtually the same when comparing all cases (n = 748 to self-reported cases only (n = 450. For patients diagnosed with Grade II and Grade III histology, moderate (915.8-2118.3 mcg intake of fat-soluble lycopene was associated with poorer survival when compared to low intake (0.0-914.8 mcg, for self-reported cases only. High intake of vitamin E and moderate/high intake of secoisolariciresinol among Grade III patients indicated greater survival for all cases. In Grade IV patients, moderate/high intake of cryptoxanthin and high intake of secoisolariciresinol were associated with poorer survival among all cases. Among Grade II patients, moderate intake of water-soluble folate was associated with greater survival for all cases; high intake of vitamin C and genistein and the highest level of the antioxidant index were associated with poorer survival for all cases. Conclusions The associations observed in our study suggest that the influence of some antioxidants on survival following a diagnosis of malignant glioma are inconsistent and vary by histology group. Further research in a large sample of glioma patients is needed to confirm/refute our results.

Il'yasova Dora

2010-05-01

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Relationship between dietary macronutrient intake and the risk of age-related cataract in middle-aged and elderly patients in northeast China  

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Full Text Available AIM: To examine the association between dietary macronutrient intake and the risk of age-related cataract (ARC in middle-aged and elderly men.METHODS:A hospital-based case-control study was conducted from December 2009 to November 2011. Cases (n=360 were patients with cataract aged 45-85 years old, and controls (n=360 were patients who had been admitted to the same hospital for diseases not related with cataract. All subjects were interviewed using a structured interviewer-administrated questionnaire that included information on socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits and detailed medical history, simultaneously, the dietary intakes of nutrients were collected via a valid semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ. The odds ratios (OR and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI of three types of ARC were estimated using multiple logistic regression models.RESULTS: After adjusting for multiple potential confounders, total dietary intake of carbohydrate was positively associated with cortical cataract, compared to controls in the lowest quartile, and the OR for cases in the highest quartile of intake was 2.471 (95%CI:1.348-6.043, P=0.027. Higher dietary intakes of protein were protective for posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC (OR=0.528, 95%CI:0.148-0.869, P=0.023. Dietary fat intake was not associated with any type of cataract, however, participants in the highest quartile of polyunsaturated fatty acids intake had 2.7 times the risk of nuclear cataract as did those in the lowest quartile (OR=2.742, 95%CI:1.790-4.200, P=0.033.CONCLUSION: A high intake of carbohydrate and polyunsaturated fatty acid may increase the odds of cortical and nuclear cataract, respectively, whereas high intake of protein, especially animal protein, may protect against PSC cataract. It is possible that dietary changes of target population may reduce the risk of ARC.

Zhi-Quan Lu

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Assessment of habitual energy and macronutrient intake in adults: comparison of a seven day food record with a dietary history interview  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective: To examine the quantitative agreement between a 7 day food record and a diet history interview when these are conducted under the same conditions and to evaluate whether the two methods assess habitual diet intake differently among subgroups of age and body mass index (BMI). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Population study, Denmark. Subjects: A total of 175 men and 173 women aged 30-60 y, selected randomly from a larger population sample of Danish adults. Interventions: All subjects had habitual diet intake assessed by a diet history interview and completed a 7 day food record within 3 weeks following the interview. The diet history interview and coding of records were performed by the same trained dietician. Main outcome measure: Median between-method difference in assessment of total energy intake, absolute intake of macronutrients, and nutrient energy percentages. Difference between reported energy intake from both methods and estimated energy expenditure in different subgroups. Results: Energy and macronutrient intake was assessed slightly higher by the 7 day food record than by the diet history interview, but in absolute terms the differences were negligible. The between-method difference in assessment of total energy intake appeared to be stable over the range of age and BMI in both sexes. As compared to estimated total energy expenditure, both diet assessment methods underestimated energy intake by approximately 20%. For both methods the under-reporting increased by BMI in both sexes and by age in men. Conclusions: Energy and macronutrient intake data collected under even conditions by either a 7 day food record or a diet history interview may be collapsed and analysed independent of the underlying diet method. Both diet methods, however, appear to underestimate energy intake dependent on age and BMI.

Pedersen, Agnes Nadelmann

2002-01-01

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Evaluation of nutrient intake and diet quality of gastric cancer patients in Korea  

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This study was conducted to identify dietary factors that may affect the occurrence of gastric cancer in Koreans. Preoperative daily nutrition intake and diet quality of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer were evaluated. Collected data were comparatively analyzed by gender. The results were then used to prepare basic materials to aid in the creation of a desirable postoperative nutrition management program. The subjects of this study were 812 patients (562 men and 250 women) who were diag...

Lim, Heesook; Cho, Gyuseok; Kim, Soonkyung

2012-01-01

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Altered vegetable intake affects pivotal carcinogenesis pathways in colon mucosa from adenoma patients and controls.  

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The evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that vegetables reduce the risk of colorectal cancer is convincing. However, the involved genes and genetic pathways are not clear. The aim of this study was to identify genes that are modulated in vivo in colorectal mucosa by vegetables, and to investigate whether colon adenoma patients respond differently compared with healthy controls. Twenty female adenoma patients and eight healthy controls were randomly split into two groups of ten and four persons, respectively, receiving either a 50% decreased (=75 g/day) or doubled (=300 g/day) intake of vegetables for 2 weeks. In order to assess the effects on gene expression at the target level, colorectal biopsies were collected before and after the intervention. Total RNA was isolated from the biopsies to measure gene expression of 597 genes relevant for responses to xenobiotics by microarray technology, followed by confidence analyses to identify differentially expressed genes. Mainly genes related to cell cycle control and genes for oxidoreductase activities were over-represented in the list of modulated genes. Twenty genes were modulated, which are known to be related to (colon)carcinogenesis. Seven genes were similarly modulated in patients and controls, for example fos proto-oncogene and ornithine decarboxylase. Thirteen genes were modulated differently in patients compared with controls, including cyclooxygenase-2 and human mdm2-A in patients and cytochrome P45027B1, -2C19, -2D6, -2C9 and -3A4 in controls. Almost all the effects on modulating the expression of genes by altering vegetable intake can be mechanistically linked to cellular processes that explain either prevention of colorectal cancer risk by high vegetable intake or increased colorectal cancer risk by low vegetable intake. Furthermore, it seems that vegetables in patients affect genes involved in the late stage of colorectal cancer, whereas in controls genes involved in the initiation phase are modulated. PMID:15271855

van Breda, Simone G J; van Agen, Ebienus; Engels, Leopold G J B; Moonen, Edwin J C; Kleinjans, Jos C S; van Delft, Joost H M

2004-11-01

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Sleep duration in elderly obese patients correlated negatively with intake fatty  

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Full Text Available Abstract Study objectives The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and dietary habits in elderly obese patients treated at an institute of cardiology. Methods The fifty-eight volunteers were elderly patients with obesity (classified as obese according to BMI of both genders, between 60 and 80?years of age. All participants were subjected to assessments of food intake, anthropometry, level of physical activity, and duration of sleep. Results The men had significantly greater weight, height, and waist circumference than women. Sleep durations were correlated with dietary nutrient compositions only in men. We found a negative association between short sleep and protein intake (r?=?-0.43; p?=?0.02, short sleep and monounsaturated fatty acids intake (r?=?-0.40; p?=?0.03, and short sleep and cholesterol dietary intake (r?=?-0.50; p?=?0.01. Conclusions We conclude that mainly in men, volunteers that had short sleep duration showed a preference for high energy-density as fatty food, at least in part, may explain the relationship between short sleep duration and the development of metabolic abnormalities.

Santana Aline

2012-08-01

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History of Abuse and Neglect in Patients with Schizophrenia Who Have a History of Violence  

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of five forms of abuse/neglect during childhood and adolescence in a group of schizophrenic patients with a history of violence. Methods: Twenty-eight patients hospitalized in a highly secured psychiatric unit were included. Abuse and neglect during patients' growth were evaluated with the childhood trauma…

Bennouna-Greene, Mehdi; Bennouna-Greene, Valerie; Berna, Fabrice; Defranoux, Luc

2011-01-01

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Assessing Sexual Abuse/Attack Histories with Bariatric Surgery Patients  

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This study assessed sexual abuse/attack histories in 537 bariatric surgery patients using the PsyBari. The prevalence rates found were lower (15.5%, 19.3% of women, 5.2% of men) than other studies that used bariatric surgery patients but consistent with studies that used nonbariatric obese subjects. Furthermore, bariatric surgery patients who…

Mahony, David

2010-01-01

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Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise intervention on the total caloric intake (TCI) of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. A secondary purpose was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between changes in TCI, body fat composition (%BF), and fatigue during the study, which lasted 6 months. Twenty females recently diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy or radiation, were assigned randomly to an experimental (N = 10) o...

Battaglini, C. L.; Mihalik, J. P.; Bottaro, M.; Dennehy, C.; Petschauer, M. A.; Hairston, L. S.; Shields, E. W.

2008-01-01

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Optimal restriction period of dietary iodine intake before radioiodine therapy for patients with Graves' disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Radioactive iodine (131I) treatment for Graves' disease is gradually increasing in Japan. However, the appropriate restriction period of dietary iodine intake before 131I therapy is controversial. To investigate this issue, we studied urinary excretion of iodine (UEI) in 35 patients with Graves' disease admitted to our hospital between February 2002 and September 2004. There was a tendency for a smaller UEI to be associated with higher 131I uptake, and adequate 131I uptake was obtained when UTI was less than 200 ?g/day. UEI before iodine restriction was 350±447 ?g/day (mean±standard deviation (SD), n=35), and less than 200 ?g/day in 21 cases. UEI in young patients was lower than in older patients. UEI after iodine restriction was decreased to less than 200 ?g/day in 12 of 15 patients (80%) in 3 days, and in 13 of 14 patients (92.8%) in 7 days. There was no further decrease in the UEI even when the restriction period was prolonged for up to 14 days. These data suggest that the appropriate restriction period of dietary iodine intake for Graves' patients before 131I treatment is 7 days, and that it may be less than 7 days in younger patients. (author)

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Calcium Scoring in Patients with a History of Kawasaki Disease  

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Objectives To assess coronary artery calcification in patients of age ? 10 years with a history of Kawasaki Disease (KD). Background Patients with a history of KD and coronary artery aneurysms are at risk for late morbidity from coronary artery events. It is unknown whether KD patients with acutely normal or transiently dilated coronary arteries also have increased risk of late coronary artery complications. Coronary calcium scoring by non-contrast computed tomography (CT) is a well-established tool for risk stratifying patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but there are limited data on its role in evaluating patients with a history of KD. Methods We performed coronary artery calcium (CAC) volume scoring using a low radiation dose CT protocol on 70 subjects (median age: 20.0 years) with a remote history of KD (median interval from acute KD to imaging: 14.8 years): 44 (63%) had no history of coronary dilation, 12 (17%) had a history of transient dilation, and 14 (20%) had coronary aneurysms. Results All of the subjects with normal coronary artery internal diameter during the acute phase of KD and 11 of 12 subjects with transient dilatation had CAC scores of zero. Coronary calcification was observed in 10 of the 14 subjects with coronary aneurysms, with the degree of calcification ranging from mild to severe and occurring years after the subjects’ acute KD. Conclusions Coronary calcification was not observed in subjects with a history of KD and normal coronary arteries during the acute phase. Therefore, CAC scanning may be a useful tool to screen patients with a remote history of KD or suspected KD and unknown coronary artery status. Coronary calcification, which may be severe, occurs late in patients with coronary aneurysms. The pathophysiology and clinical implications of coronary calcification in patients with aneurysms are currently unknown and warrant further study. PMID:22421171

Kahn, Andrew M.; Budoff, Matthew J.; Daniels, Lori B.; Jimenez-Fernandez, Susan; Cox, Amber S.; Gordon, John B.; Burns, Jane C.

2012-01-01

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Effect of calcium intake on urinary oxalate excretion in calcium stone-forming patients  

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Full Text Available Dietary calcium lowers the risk of nephrolithiasis due to a decreased absorption of dietary oxalate that is bound by intestinal calcium. The aim of the present study was to evaluate oxaluria in normocalciuric and hypercalciuric lithiasic patients under different calcium intake. Fifty patients (26 females and 24 males, 41 ± 10 years old, whose 4-day dietary records revealed a regular low calcium intake (<=500 mg/day, received an oral calcium load (1 g/day for 7 days. A 24-h urine was obtained before and after load and according to the calciuria under both diets, patients were considered as normocalciuric (NC, N = 15, diet-dependent hypercalciuric (DDHC, N = 9 or diet-independent hypercalciuric (DIHC, N = 26. On regular diet, mean oxaluria was 30 ± 14 mg/24 h for all patients. The 7-day calcium load induced a significant decrease in mean oxaluria compared to the regular diet in NC and DIHC (20 ± 12 vs 26 ± 7 and 27 ± 18 vs 32 ± 15 mg/24 h, respectively, P<0.05 but not in DDHC patients (22 ± 10 vs 23 ± 5 mg/24 h. The lack of an oxalate decrease among DDHC patients after the calcium load might have been due to higher calcium absorption under higher calcium supply, with a consequent lower amount of calcium left in the intestine to bind with oxalate. These data suggest that a long-lasting regular calcium consumption <500 mg was not associated with high oxaluria and that a subpopulation of hypercalciuric patients who presented a higher intestinal calcium absorption (DDHC tended to hyperabsorb oxalate as well, so that oxaluria did not change under different calcium intake.

J.L. Nishiura

2002-06-01

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Antioxidant intake, plasma antioxidants and oxidative stress in a randomized, controlled, parallel, Mediterranean dietary intervention study on patients with rheumatoid arthritis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Previously we have reported that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA obtained a significant reduction in disease activity by adopting a Mediterranean-type diet. The present study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant intake, the plasma levels of antioxidants and a marker of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde during the study presented earlier. Methods RA patients randomized to either a Mediterranean type diet (MD group; n = 26 or a control diet (CD group; n = 25 were compared during a three month dietary intervention study. Their antioxidant intake was assessed by means of diet history interviews and their intake of antioxidant-rich foods by a self-administered questionnaire. The plasma levels of retinol, antioxidants (?- and ?-tocopherol, ?-carotene, lycopene, vitamin C and uric acid and urinary malondialdehyde (MDA, a marker for oxidative stress, were determined using high performance liquid chromatography. The Student's t-test for independent samples and paired samples were used to test differences between and within groups. For variables with skewed distributions Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon signed ranks test were performed. To evaluate associations between dietary intake of antioxidants, as well as between disease activity, MDA and antioxidants we used Pearson's product moment correlation or Spearman's rank correlation. Results The MD group had significantly higher intake frequencies of antioxidant-rich foods, and also higher intakes of vitamin C (p = 0.014, vitamin E (p = 0.007 and selenium (p = 0.004, and a lower intake of retinol (p = 0.049, compared to the CD group. However, the difference between the groups regarding vitamin C intake was not significant when under- and over-repoters were excluded (p = 0.066. There were no changes in urine MDA or in the plasma levels of antioxidants (after p-lipid adjustments of the tocopherol results, from baseline to the end of the study. The levels of retinol, vitamin C and uric acid were negatively correlated to disease activity variables. No correlation was found between antioxidant intake and the plasma levels of antioxidants. Conclusions Despite an increase in reported consumption of antioxidant-rich foods during the Mediterranean diet intervention, the levels of plasma antioxidants and urine MDA did not change. However, the plasma levels of vitamin C, retinol and uric acid were inversely correlated to variables related to RA disease activity.

Andersson Jan

2003-07-01

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Fat intake and composition of fatty acids in serum phospholipids in a randomized, controlled, Mediterranean dietary intervention study on patients with rheumatoid arthritis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background We have previously reported that rheumatoid arthritis patients, who adopted a modified Cretan Mediterranean diet, obtained a reduction in disease activity and an improvement in physical function and vitality. This shift in diet is likely to result in an altered intake of fatty acids. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to examine the dietary intake of fatty acids, as well as the fatty acid profile in serum phospholipids, during the dietary intervention study presented earlier. Results From baseline to the end of the study, changes in the reported consumption of various food groups were observed in the Mediterranean diet group. The change in diet resulted in a number of differences between the Mediterranean diet group and the control diet group regarding the fatty acid intake. For instance, a lower ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids was observed in the Mediterranean diet group, both assessed by diet history interviews (dietary intake and measured in serum phospholipids. Moreover, the patients in the Mediterranean diet group that showed a moderate or better clinical improvement during the study (diet responders, had a higher reported intake of n-3 fatty acids and a lower ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids compared to the patients with minor or no improvement. Also the fatty acid profile in serum phospholipids differed in part between the diet responders and the diet non-responders. Conclusion The changes in the fatty acid profile, indicated both by dietary assessments and through fatty acids in s-phospholipids may, at least in part, explain the beneficial effects of the Cretan Mediterranean diet that we have presented earlier.

Sköldstam Lars

2005-10-01

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Relationship between the ability to recognize energy intake and expenditure, and blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.  

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To investigate the association between an individual's ability to recognize his/her energy intake and energy expenditure with the status of diabetes mellitus (DM) control, we conducted a cross-sectional study using data from 62 outpatients with type 2 DM (46 men and 16 women), aged 33-77 years, from two hospitals in Tokyo in 1999. A dietitian-interviewer asked the patients to estimate their probable energy intake and expenditure in recent days (self-estimated energy intake and expenditure, respectively). Subsequently, a dietary survey was conducted to estimate the patient's energy intake by a self-recorded method with a dietitian's interview for three continuous business days; the physical exercise levels were measured using a pedometer with multiple-memory accelerometers for one week. The percentage of subjects whose self-estimated energy intake was within +/-10% of the dietary survey-based energy intake became significantly lower as the control status worsened (35.6, 12.9, and 11.1% in the first, second, and third tertile groups of HbA(1c), respectively; P = 0.015). Similar but non-significant results were observed for the energy expenditure (P = 0.35). Since the control status of DM was worse among patients who could not recognize their amount of caloric intake and expenditure, a training program to improve such recognition ability may be needed. PMID:15713354

Matsushita, Yumi; Yokoyama, Tetsuji; Homma, Takeshi; Tanaka, Heizo; Kawahara, Kazuo

2005-03-01

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First quantification of calcium intake from calcium-dense dairy products in Dutch fracture patients (the Delft cohort study).  

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Recommendations for daily calcium intake from dairy products are variable and based on local consensus. To investigate whether patients with a recent fracture complied with these recommendations, we quantified the daily dairy calcium intake including milk, milk drinks, pudding, yoghurt, and cheese in a Dutch cohort of fracture patients and compared outcomes with recent data of a healthy U.S. cohort (80% Caucasians). An observational study analyzed dairy calcium intakes of 1526 female and 372 male Dutch fracture patients older than 50. On average, participants reported three dairy servings per day, independently of age, gender or population density. Median calcium intake from dairy was 790 mg/day in females and males. Based on dairy products alone, 11.3% of women and 14.2% of men complied with Dutch recommendations for calcium intake (adults ? 70 years: 1100 mg/day and >70 years: 1200 mg/day). After including 450 mg calcium from basic nutrition, compliance raised to 60.5% and 59.1%, respectively, compared to 53.2% in the U.S. cohort. Daily dairy calcium intake is not associated with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores or WHO Fracture Assessment Tool (FRAX) risk scores for major fracture or hip fracture. However, when sub analyzing the male cohort, these associations were weakly negative. The prevalence of maternal hip fracture was a factor for current fracture risks, both in women and men. While daily dairy calcium intake of Dutch fracture patients was well below the recommended dietary intake, it was comparable to intakes in a healthy U.S. cohort. This questions recommendations for adding more additional dairy products to preserve adult skeletal health, particularly when sufficient additional calcium is derived from adequate non-dairy nutrition. PMID:24959951

van den Berg, Peter; van Haard, Paul M M; van den Bergh, Joop P W; Niesten, Dieu Donné; van der Elst, Maarten; Schweitzer, Dave H

2014-06-01

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First Quantification of Calcium Intake from Calcium-Dense Dairy Products in Dutch Fracture Patients (The Delft Cohort Study  

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Full Text Available Recommendations for daily calcium intake from dairy products are variable and based on local consensus. To investigate whether patients with a recent fracture complied with these recommendations, we quantified the daily dairy calcium intake including milk, milk drinks, pudding, yoghurt, and cheese in a Dutch cohort of fracture patients and compared outcomes with recent data of a healthy U.S. cohort (80% Caucasians. An observational study analyzed dairy calcium intakes of 1526 female and 372 male Dutch fracture patients older than 50. On average, participants reported three dairy servings per day, independently of age, gender or population density. Median calcium intake from dairy was 790 mg/day in females and males. Based on dairy products alone, 11.3% of women and 14.2% of men complied with Dutch recommendations for calcium intake (adults ? 70 years: 1100 mg/day and >70 years: 1200 mg/day. After including 450 mg calcium from basic nutrition, compliance raised to 60.5% and 59.1%, respectively, compared to 53.2% in the U.S. cohort. Daily dairy calcium intake is not associated with femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD T-scores or WHO Fracture Assessment Tool (FRAX risk scores for major fracture or hip fracture. However, when sub analyzing the male cohort, these associations were weakly negative. The prevalence of maternal hip fracture was a factor for current fracture risks, both in women and men. While daily dairy calcium intake of Dutch fracture patients was well below the recommended dietary intake, it was comparable to intakes in a healthy U.S. cohort. This questions recommendations for adding more additional dairy products to preserve adult skeletal health, particularly when sufficient additional calcium is derived from adequate non-dairy nutrition.

Peter van den Berg

2014-06-01

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Low nutrient intake among adult women and patients with severe tuberculosis disease in Uganda: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Information regarding dietary nutrient intake during tuberculosis disease is lacking. We established the relationship between disease severity or wasting during pulmonary tuberculosis and nutrient intake. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 131 adults with or without pulmonary tuberculosis were screened for human immune-deficiency virus (HIV, wasting, disease severity using 13 item validated clinical TBscore, and 24-hour dietary intake recall. Results Of the 131 participants, 61 were males and 70 females. Overall men and women had similar age. In average 24-hour nutrient intake, the following nutrients: energy, protein, total fat, carbohydrate, calcium, vitamin A, and folate were low among patients with severe tuberculosis disease. Patients with moderate-to-severe clinical TBscore had lower average energy intake than patients with mild TBscores (6.11 vs. 9.27 MJ, respectively (p Conclusions Findings suggest that severity of pulmonary tuberculosis and female gender had reduced nutrient intake. Early tuberculosis diagnosis and nutritional support may be important in management of tuberculosis patients.

Mupere Ezekiel

2012-12-01

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Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated  

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Full Text Available Objective: To identify the nutritional status and food intake ofindividuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. Methods: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center.Participants were divided into systemic psoriasis group and arthriticsystemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and wholebody plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics the general linear model test (p 25% and a high risk formetabolic complications according to the waist circumference andthe obesity index, however, there were no statistically significantdifferences between groups. The mean food intake, total fat, caloriesand protein were above recommended levels, being 58.8% for lipids(319.17 ± 241.02 mg of cholesterol and 17.42 ± 11.4 g saturated fattyacids; 29.4% for calories and 67.6% for proteins. Thus, regardless ofthe psoriasis type, an excessive consumption of calories, lipids, fatty acids, cholesterol and a higher incidence of overweight were found. Conclusion: The sample showed an abnormal nutritional condition, an increased risk for chronic diseases related to obesity, worsening of the psoriatic lesions, and poor quality of life.

Marina Yazigi Solis

2012-03-01

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Prevalence of low dietary calcium intake in patients with epilepsy: A study from South India  

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Full Text Available Background: The effects of antiepileptic drugs (AED on bone health are well documented. Inadequate dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D plays a vital role and further compromises the bone health. Objective: To assess the dietary pattern with special reference to calcium and related minerals in people with epilepsy (PWE on AED. Materials and Methods: The dietary assessment in PWE was documented by dietary recall method. Patients were categorized according to age: group I: < 14 years; group II: between 15-20 years; group III: between 21-45 years; group IV:> 46 years. From the raw weights, total energy, dietary calcium, dietary phosphorous intake and phytate calcium ratio was calculated using a food composition table by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR and analyzed statistically. Results: A total of 362 patients with mean age of 29 + 15 years were studied. There were 190 women. The mean duration of AED treatment was 4 + 3 yrs, 64% on monotherapy 64% and 36% on polytherapy. The mean dietary intake of the total chohort was 2,007 + 211 Kcal/day, carbohydrate 335 + 33 gm/day; protein 31 + 7 gm/day; fat 18+2 gm/day; calcium 294 + 40 mg/day; phosphorus 557 + 102; phytates 179 + 30 mg/day; and phytate/calcium ratio 0.56+0.2. Milk and milk products were consumed by 42% of the total cohort. The daily dietary calcium (301 + 40 mg/day intake of men was significantly higher than women (287 + 39 mg/day (P < 0.001. This was more evident in group II (P < 0.01 and group III (P < 0.03. There was a positive correlation between dietary calcium and dietary phytates (P < 0.001, dietary proteins (P < 0.001, dietary fat (P < 0.001, and total energy (P < 0.001. Conclusions: The dietary consumption of calcium of all the patients was far below the recommended daily dietary allowance (RDA by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR. Low dietary calcium could have a confounding effect on PWE on AED in all age groups. There is a need to formulate consensus guidelines to supplement dietary calcium to PWE.

Menon Bindu

2010-01-01

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Evaluation of nutrient intake and diet quality of gastric cancer patients in Korea.  

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This study was conducted to identify dietary factors that may affect the occurrence of gastric cancer in Koreans. Preoperative daily nutrition intake and diet quality of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer were evaluated. Collected data were comparatively analyzed by gender. The results were then used to prepare basic materials to aid in the creation of a desirable postoperative nutrition management program. The subjects of this study were 812 patients (562 men and 250 women) who were diagnosed with gastric cancer and admitted for surgery at Soonchunhyang University Hospital between January 2003 and December 2010. Nutrition intake and diet quality were evaluated by the 24-hr recall method, the nutrient adequacy ratio, mean adequacy ratio (MAR), nutrient density (ND), index of nutritional quality (INQ), dietary variety score (DVS), and dietary diversity score (DDS). The rate of skipping meals and eating fast, alcohol consumption, and smoking were significantly higher in males than those in females. The levels of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, phosphorous, sodium, potassium, vitamin B(1), vitamin B(2), niacin, and cholesterol consumption were significantly higher in males than those in females. Intake of fiber, zinc, vitamin A, retinol, carotene, folic acid were significantly higher in females than those in males. MAR in males was significantly higher (0.83) than that in females (0.79). INQ values were higher in females for zinc, vitamin A, vitamin B(2), vitamin B(6), and folic acid than those in males. The average DVS was 17.63 for females and 13.19 for males. The average DDS was 3.68 and the male's average score was 3.44, whereas the female's average score was 3.92. In conclusion, males had more dietary habit problems and poor nutritional balance than those of females. Our findings suggest that proper nutritional management and adequate dietary education for the primary prevention of gastric cancer should be emphasized in men. PMID:22808345

Lim, Heesook; Cho, Gyuseok; Kim, Soonkyung

2012-06-01

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The influence of high versus low sodium intake on blood pressure and haemodynamics in patients with morbid obesity  

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BACKGROUND: Many patients with morbid obesity (BMI?>?40?kg/m) have hypertension. The complex pathophysiological abnormalities linking hypertension to obesity have not been fully clarified, but abnormal sodium handling could be an important mechanism. METHOD: Therefore, we examined changes in body fluid compartments and haemodynamic responses (at rest and during exercise) after 5 days of a low-sodium diet (90?mmol/day) and 5 days of a high-sodium diet (250?mmol/day) in 12 morbidly obese, hypertensive patients; 12 morbidly obese, normotensive patients and 12 nonobese controls. RESULTS: High sodium intake as compared to low sodium intake was associated with an increase in plasma volume (obese, hypertensive patients: 5?±?4%; obese, normotensive patients: 10?±?11%; nonobese controls: 7?±?6%), cardiac output (CO) (obese, hypertensive patients: 17?±?12%; obese, normotensive patients: 20?±?16%; nonobese controls: 13?±?14%) and stroke volume (SV) (obese, hypertensive patients: 27?±?26%; obese, normotensive patients:27?±?24%; nonobese controls: 18?±?27%) in all three groups with no differences between the groups. Despite an increase in CO during high salt intake, 24-h blood pressure (BP) was unchanged in patients and controls as a result of a reduction in total peripheral resistance (obese, hypertensive patients: -11?±?11%; obese, normotensive patients: -10?±?12%; nonobese controls: -5?±?14%). Similar changes were observed during an incremental bicycle exercise test wherein CO and SV were higher, whereas mean arterial BP was unchanged at each exercise level during high sodium intake. CONCLUSION: Despite substantial increases in CO and SV, we did not observe any significant change in BP during high sodium intake, neither in morbid obese patients nor in lean individuals.

Bonfils, Peter K; Taskiran, Mustafa

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Bone Health History in Breast Cancer Patients on Aromatase Inhibitors  

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A cross-sectional study was performed to assess bone health history among aromatase inhibitor (AI) users before breast cancer (BC) diagnosis, which may impact fracture risk after AI therapy and choice of initial hormonal therapy. A total of 2,157 invasive BC patients initially treated with an AI were identified from a prospective cohort study at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC). Data on demographic and lifestyle factors were obtained from in-person interviews, and bone health history and clinical data from KPNC clinical databases. The prevalence of osteoporosis and fractures in postmenopausal AI users was assessed, compared with 325 postmenopausal TAM users. The associations of bone health history with demographic and lifestyle factors in AI users were also examined. Among all initial AI users, 11.2% had a prior history of osteoporosis, 16.3% had a prior history of any fracture, and 4.6% had a prior history of major fracture. Postmenopausal women who were taking TAM as their initial hormonal therapy had significantly higher prevalence of prior osteoporosis than postmenopausal AI users (21.5% vs. 11.8%, p<0.0001). Among initial AI users, the associations of history of osteoporosis and fracture in BC patients with demographic and lifestyle factors were, in general, consistent with those known in healthy older women. This study is one of the first to characterize AI users and risk factors for bone morbidity before BC diagnosis. In the future, this study will examine lifestyle, molecular, and genetic risk factors for AI-induced fractures. PMID:25354083

Kwan, Marilyn L.; Lo, Joan C.; Tang, Li; Laurent, Cecile A.; Roh, Janise M.; Chandra, Malini; Hahn, Theresa E.; Hong, Chi-Chen; Sucheston-Campbell, Lara; Hershman, Dawn L.; Quesenberry, Charles P.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Kushi, Lawrence H.; Yao, Song

2014-01-01

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Insufficient voluntary intake of nutrients and energy in hospitalized patients / Ingestión voluntariamente insuficiente de nutrientes y energía en pacientes hospitalizados  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivo: El propósito de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la inadecuación de la ingestión voluntaria de energía y nutrientes durante el primer día de ingreso hospitalario. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en dos centros hospitalarios de atención terciaria con una muestra probabilís [...] tica del 50% de pacientes ingresados. Se evaluó la ingestión alimenticia mediante un diario de 24 horas, y se hizo un cribado de desnutrición mediante la herramienta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Se estimó la falta de adecuación del consumo de energía y nutrientes mediante el Dietary Reference Intakes. Resultados: El consumo de energía y nutrientes en 258 pacientes mostró niveles muy bajos tanto en hombre como en mujeres. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en el consumo de energía y nutrientes entre los distintos grupos de edad ( Abstract in english Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the inadequacy of voluntary energy and nutrient intake on the first day of hospital admission. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two terciary care hospitals, with a probabilistic sample of 50% of in-patients. Dietary intake was [...] evaluated by a 24-hour dietary recall, and undernutrition was screened through the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 tool. The overall frequency of inadequate energy and nutrient intake was estimated using Dietary Reference Intakes. Results: Energy and nutrient intakes from 258 patients showed very low values for both men and women. No significant differences were found for energy and nutrient intakes across age groups (

M. M., Tavares; L., Matos; T. F., Amaral.

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Insufficient voluntary intake of nutrients and energy in hospitalized patients / Ingestión voluntariamente insuficiente de nutrientes y energía en pacientes hospitalizados  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivo: El propósito de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la inadecuación de la ingestión voluntaria de energía y nutrientes durante el primer día de ingreso hospitalario. Pacientes y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en dos centros hospitalarios de atención terciaria con una muestra probabilís [...] tica del 50% de pacientes ingresados. Se evaluó la ingestión alimenticia mediante un diario de 24 horas, y se hizo un cribado de desnutrición mediante la herramienta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Se estimó la falta de adecuación del consumo de energía y nutrientes mediante el Dietary Reference Intakes. Resultados: El consumo de energía y nutrientes en 258 pacientes mostró niveles muy bajos tanto en hombre como en mujeres. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en el consumo de energía y nutrientes entre los distintos grupos de edad ( Abstract in english Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the inadequacy of voluntary energy and nutrient intake on the first day of hospital admission. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two terciary care hospitals, with a probabilistic sample of 50% of in-patients. Dietary intake was [...] evaluated by a 24-hour dietary recall, and undernutrition was screened through the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 tool. The overall frequency of inadequate energy and nutrient intake was estimated using Dietary Reference Intakes. Results: Energy and nutrient intakes from 258 patients showed very low values for both men and women. No significant differences were found for energy and nutrient intakes across age groups (

M. M., Tavares; L., Matos; T. F., Amaral.

2007-10-01

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Phosphorus homeostasis in normal health and in chronic kidney disease patients with special emphasis on dietary phosphorus intake.  

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Elevated serum phosphorus has been identified as a cardiovascular risk factor in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and a clear understanding of phosphorus homeostasis is very important for practicing nephrologists. At any particular point, serum phosphorus levels reflect the balance between movements of this mineral from and into the intestine, bone, intracellular space, and kidneys. We briefly review here all these exchanges with a particular emphasis on dietary phosphorus intake. Despite all the oral phosphorus binders currently available in the market, dietary restriction of this mineral remains a cornerstone for the prevention and treatment of hyperphosphatemia. An effective restriction of dietary intake of phosphorus requires prescription of a moderate protein intake (0.9-1.0 g/kg/day) and restricted consumption of highly processed fast and convenience foods. Phosphorus added during food processing is an important source of this mineral because of its magnitude and high bioavailabilty. Moreover, as food manufacturers are not required to label the amount of phosphorus added during food processing, a significant amount of the current daily phosphorus intake remains unaccounted when estimating phosphorus intake in CKD patients. The recent development of low phosphorus-containing food products represents a very useful addition for CKD patients. PMID:17635818

Uribarri, Jaime

2007-01-01

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Multi-modal intervention improved oral intake in hospitalized patients : A one year follow-up study  

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BACKGROUND: Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. AIMS: To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. METHODS: A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down and bottom-up principle. All hospitalized patients (>3 days) were included. Setting: A university hospital with 758 beds and all specialities. Measurements: Record audit of GNP, energy- and protein-intake by 24-h recall, patient interviews and staff questionnaire before and after the intervention. Interventions: Based on pre-measurements, nutrition support teams in each department made targeted action plans, supervised by an expert team. Education, diagnose-specific nutrition plans, improved menus and eating environment, and awareness were initiated. Statistics: Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test was used for ordinal data, and Pearson Chi square test for nominative data. RESULTS: Overall 545 patients participated (287 before/258 after) from 26/22 departments. There were no significant differences regarding sex, age, BMI or previous weight loss before and after the intervention. Result-indicators: Energy intake improved from 52% to 68% (p 75% of requirements). Intake of less than 50% of requirements decreased with 50%. Process-indicators: Screening improved from 56% to 77% (p < 0.001), nutrition plans from 21% to 56% (p < 0.0001), and monitoring food intake from 29% to 58% (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Intake of energy and protein as well as GNP improved using a multi-modal top-down and bottom-up approach.

Holst, M; Beermann, T

2014-01-01

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Prognostic factors of epilepsy in patients with neonatal seizures history  

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Full Text Available Background Seizures in neonates are often associated with neurological disorders in early life, including epilepsy. Several possible prognostic factors may influence the development of epilepsy in these patients. Objective To evaluate prognostic factors that may influence the occurrence of epilepsy in the first two years of life in patients with a history of neonatal seizures. Methods We performed a cohort retrospective study on patients with neonatal seizures in Sardjito Hospital during 2004-2009. Prognostic factors observed were gender, family history of epilepsy, neonatal hypoglycemia, assisted labor, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, preterm infant delivery, and epileptic state. Results Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and epileptic state increased the risk of epilepsy (HR 5.8; 95%CI 1.63 to 20.43 and HR 6.3; 95%CI 2.0 to 19.70, respectively. Assisted labor, preterm delivery, neonatal hypoglycemia, family history of epilepsy, and gender did not increase the risk of epilepsy in the first two years of life. Conclusion Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and epileptic state in neonates presenting with seizures are the prognostic factors to be epileptic children during the first two years of life. [Paediatr Indones. 2013;53:218-22.].

Banani Sidiq

2013-07-01

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The history of artistic creativity in psychotic patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

The article deals with the question of artistic creativity in psychotic patients, focussing particularly on why it occurs and how interest in it developed. One of the main motivations for carrying out this study was to explore the idea of the connection between genius and insanity, which was accepted by one of the most important pre-Freud psychiatrists of the 19th century, Cesare Lombroso. The article describes the history of the first exhibitions and collections of artistic creations of psychotic patients, of which the most important is the collection of Hans Prinzhorn. It also conveys the influence of Adolf Wölfli, psychotic patient, who was one of the most notable creators and influenced the concept of art brut at the beginning of the 20th century. PMID:18587278

Klavora, Vlasta Meden

2008-06-01

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Positive effect of protein-supplemented hospital food on protein intake in patients at nutritional risk : a randomised controlled trial  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: New evidence indicates that increased dietary protein ingestion promotes health and recovery from illness, and also maintains functionality in older adults. The present study aimed to investigate whether a novel food service concept with protein-supplementation would increase protein and energy intake in hospitalised patients at nutritional risk. METHODS: A single-blinded randomised controlled trial was conducted. Eighty-four participants at nutritional risk, recruited from the departments of Oncology, Orthopaedics and Urology, were included. The intervention group (IG) received the protein-supplemented food service concept. The control group (CG) received the standard hospital menu. Primary outcome comprised the number of patients achieving ?75% of energy and protein requirements. Secondary outcomes comprised mean energy and protein intake, body weight, handgrip strength and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: In IG, 76% versus 70% CG patients reached ?75% of their energy requirements (P = 0.57);66% IG versus 30% CG patients reached ?75% of their protein requirements (P = 0.001). The risk ratio for achieving ?75% of protein requirements: 2.2 (95% confidence interval = 1.3-3.7); number needed to treat = 3 (95% confidence interval = 2-6). IG had a higher mean intake of energy and protein when adjusted for body weight (CG: 82 kJ kg(-1) versus IG: 103 kJ kg(-1) , P = 0.013; CG: 0.7 g protein kg(-1) versus 0.9 g protein kg(-1) , P = 0.003). Body weight, handgrip strength and length of hospital stay did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The novel food service concept had a significant positive impact on overall protein intake and on weight-adjusted energy intake in hospitalised patients at nutritional risk.

Munk, T; Beck, A M

2014-01-01

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[Pregnant opioid addicted patients and additional drug intake. Part II: Comorbidity and their therapy].  

Science.gov (United States)

The majority of opioid dependent patients suffer from various psychiatric and somatic comorbid diseases like mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic diseases, personality disorders, HIV infection, Hepatitis B and C. If medical treatment is needed, grouping active substances to FDA Pregnancy Categories (A, B, C, D or X) may be helpful. The majority of substances reported here only fulfill the FDA-categories C or D, which means that they could have teratogenic effects, but with probably different rank order. First of all, referring to mood, personality and anxiety disorders, the focus should be laid on non-pharmacological treatment by offering psychotherapeutic and supporting psychosocial interventions to the patients. However, opioid dependent pregnant patients who suffer from severe diseases such as psychosis, bipolar affective disorder or severe depression, may need psychoactive medication like antipsychotics, antidepressants or mood stabilizers to prevent them from harm caused by psychotic ideas and actions and/or suicidality. However these medications may comprise fetal risks, especially when taken together, and therefore should only be used when benefit and risks are considered together with patients and their relatives. It is important to avoid acute or renewed psychiatric decompensation. We present the current differentiated knowledge for therapy of opioid dependent patients with antipsychotics, antidepressants (e.g. higher fetal risk in case of treatment with fluoxetine and paroxetine) or mood stabilizers. All of them should only be used after considering benefit and risks. During pregnancy, there should not be switched between different antidepressant drugs. Referring mood stabilizers, the intake of valproic acid should be avoided in pregnancy or at least, dosage should be kept as low as possible since severe teratogenetic effects are known. In addition the specific drug treatment of HIV and hepatitis B during pregnancy is described. During childbirth HIV-infected patients should receive zidovudine intravenously to prevent vertical transmission. Co-infection with hepatitis C cannot be treated during pregnancy, since interferons are associated with a severe risk of fetal malformations and ribavirin has teratogenic effects; for this reason interferon therapy should be started after delivery. PMID:22165497

Hoell, Imke; Amanzada, Ahmad; Degner, Detlef; Havemann-Reinecke, Ursula

2011-11-01

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Assessing Nutrient Intake and Nutrient Status of HIV Seropositive Patients Attending Clinic at Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Nutritional status is an important determinant of HIV outcomes. Objective. To assess the nutrient intake and nutrient status of HIV seropositive patients attending an AIDS outpatient clinic, to improve the nutritional management of HIV-infected patients. Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Comprehensive care clinic in Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya. Subjects. 497 HIV sero-positive adults attending the clinic. Main Outcome Measures. Evaluation of nutrient intake using 24-hour recall, food frequency checklist, and nutrient status using biochemical assessment indicators (haemoglobin, creatinine, serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV)). Results. Among the 497 patients recruited (M?:?F sex ratio: 1.4, mean age: 39?years ± 10.5?y), Generally there was inadequate nutrient intake reported among the HIV patients, except iron (10.49?±?3.49?mg). All the biochemical assessment indicators were within normal range except for haemoglobin 11.2?g/dL (11.4?±?2.60 male and 11.2?±?4.25 female). Conclusions. Given its high frequency, malnutrition should be prevented, detected, monitored, and treated from the early stages of HIV infection among patients attending AIDS clinics in order to improve survival and quality of life. PMID:22997571

Onyango, Agatha Christine; Walingo, Mary Khakoni; Mbagaya, Grace; Kakai, Rose

2012-01-01

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Assessing Nutrient Intake and Nutrient Status of HIV Seropositive Patients Attending Clinic at Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. Nutritional status is an important determinant of HIV outcomes. Objective. To assess the nutrient intake and nutrient status of HIV seropositive patients attending an AIDS outpatient clinic, to improve the nutritional management of HIV-infected patients. Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Comprehensive care clinic in Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya. Subjects. 497 HIV sero-positive adults attending the clinic. Main Outcome Measures. Evaluation of nutrient intake using 24-hour recall, food frequency checklist, and nutrient status using biochemical assessment indicators (haemoglobin, creatinine, serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV)). Results. Among the 497 patients recruited (M?:?F sex ratio: 1.4, mean age: 39?years ± 10.5?y), Generally there was inadequate nutrient intake reported among the HIV patients, except iron (10.49?±?3.49?mg). All the biochemical assessment indicators were within normal range except for haemoglobin 11.2?g/dL (11.4?±?2.60 male and 11.2?±?4.25 female). Conclusions. Given its high frequency, malnutrition should be prevented, detected, monitored, and treated from the early stages of HIV infection among patients attending AIDS clinics in order to improve survival and quality of life. PMID:22997571

Onyango, Agatha Christine; Walingo, Mary Khakoni; Mbagaya, Grace; Kakai, Rose

2012-01-01

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Dietary fortificant iron intake is negatively associated with quality of life in patients with mildly active inflammatory bowel disease  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Iron deficiency anaemia and oral iron supplementation have been associated negatively with quality of life, and with adverse effects, respectively, in subjects with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD. Hence, the risk-benefit ratio of oral iron is not understood in this patient group. The present case–control study investigated whether dietary iron intake impacts on quality of life in IBD patients. Methods Quality of life, habitual dietary iron intakes and iron requirements were assessed in 29 patients with inactive or mildly active IBD as well as in 28 healthy control subjects. Results As expected, quality of life was worse in IBD patients as a whole in comparison to healthy controls according to EuroQol score and EuroQol VAS percentage (6.9 ± 1.6 vs 5.3 ± 0.6; pvs 88 ± 12%; p=0.004 respectively. For IBD subjects, 21/29 were iron deplete based upon serum iron responses to oral iron but, overall, were non-anaemic with mean haemoglobin of 13.3 ± 1.5 g/dL, and there was no difference in their quality of life compared to 8/29 iron replete subjects (Hb 14.0 ± 0.8 g/dL. Interestingly, total dietary iron intake was significantly negatively associated with quality of life in IBD patients, specifically for non-haem iron and, more specifically, for fortificant iron. Moreover, for total non-haem iron the negative association disappeared when fortificant iron values were subtracted. Finally, further sub-analysis indicated that the negative association between (fortificant dietary iron intake and quality of life in IBD patients is driven by findings in patients with mildly active disease rather than in patients with quiescent disease. Conclusions Iron deficiency per se (i.e. without concomitant anaemia does not appear to further affect quality of life in IBD patients with inactive or mildly active disease. However, in this preliminary study, dietary iron intake, particularly fortificant iron, appears to be significantly negatively associated with quality of life in patients with mildly active disease.

Powell Jonathan J

2013-01-01

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Ingesta oral do paciente hospitalizado com disfagia orofaríngea neurogênica / Oral Intake of hospitalized patient with neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: verificar a evolução na ingesta oral e a ocorrência de broncopneumonias (BCP) em pacientes hospitalizados com disfagia orofaríngea neurogênica, após atuação fonoaudiológica. MÉTODOS: 50 pacientes adultos, divididos em grupos: I: 31 pacientes pós-acidente vascular encefálico; II: sete pacie [...] ntes pós-traumatismo crânio-encefálico; III: 12 pacientes com demência. Foram levantadas as informações antes e após a atuação fonoaudiológica: nível da Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), ocorrência de BCP; número de atendimentos fonoaudiológicos e motivo de interrupção destes. RESULTADOS: houve aumento significativo dos níveis da escala FOIS e redução do percentual de ocorrência de BCP nos três grupos estudados. Nos grupos pós-AVE e demência a interrupção da fonoterapia ocorreu devido à alta hospitalar, enquanto que no grupo pós-TCE devido à alta fonoaudiológica. CONCLUSÃO: os pacientes deste estudo demonstraram avançar das consistências alimentares na ingesta oral, e redução da ocorrência de BCP, após a intervenção fonoaudiológica com relação à disfagia. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to investigate the development in oral intake and the incidence of bronchopneumonia (BCP) in hospitalized patients with neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia, after speech and language therapy intervention. METHODS: 50 adult patients, divided in three groups: I: 31 post stroke patients; II: se [...] ven brain injury patients ; III: 12 dementia patients. Data collected before and after the speech and language therapy intervention were: staff classification in Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), incidence of BCP, number of therapies and reason for their interruption. RESULTS: significant increase in the levels of FOIS scale and reduction in incidence of pneumonia in the three studied groups. In the post stroke and dementia groups the reason for therapy interruption was hospital discharge, and in the group of brain injury the reason was speech and language therapy discharge. CONCLUSION: the studied patients show increase in food consistency as for oral intake and reductions of BCP after speech and language therapy intervention related to swallowing disorders.

Carolina Castelli, Silvério; Ana Maria, Hernandez; Maria Inês Rebelo, Gonçalves.

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Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise intervention on the total caloric intake (TCI) of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. A secondary purpose was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between changes in TCI, body fat composition (%BF), and fatigu [...] e during the study, which lasted 6 months. Twenty females recently diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy or radiation, were assigned randomly to an experimental (N = 10) or control group (N = 10). Outcome measures included TCI (3-day food diary), %BF (skinfolds), and fatigue (revised Piper Fatigue Scale). Each exercise session was conducted as follows: initial cardiovascular activity (6-12 min), followed by stretching (5-10 min), resistance training (15-30 min), and a cool-down (approximately 8 min). Significant changes in TCI were observed among groups (F1,18 = 8.582; P = 0.009), at treatments 2 and 3, and at the end of the study [experimental (1973 ± 419), control (1488 ± 418); experimental (1946 ± 437), control (1436 ± 429); experimental (2315 ± 455), control (1474 ± 294), respectively]. A significant negative correlation was found (Spearman rho(18) = -0.759; P

C.L., Battaglini; J.P., Mihalik; M., Bottaro; C., Dennehy; M.A., Petschauer; L.S., Hairston; E.W., Shields.

2008-08-01

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Iron status is inversely associated with dietary iron intakes in patients with inactive or mildly active inflammatory bowel disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD frequently appear iron deplete but whether this is a reflection of dietary iron intakes is not known. Methods Dietary data were collected from 29 patients with inactive or mildly-active IBD and 28 healthy controls using a validated food frequency questionnaire that measured intakes of iron and its absorption modifiers. Non-haem iron availability was estimated using a recently developed algorithm. Subjects were classified for iron status based upon data from a concomitant and separately published study of iron absorption. Absorption was used to define iron status because haematological parameters are flawed in assessing iron status in inflammatory conditions such as IBD. Results Dietary intakes of total iron, non-haem iron and vitamin C were significantly greater in IBD patients who were iron replete compared to those who were iron deplete (by 48%, 48% and 94% respectively; p?0.05. The predicted percentage of available non-haem iron did not differ between these groups (19.7 ± 2.0% vs 19.3 ± 2.0% respectively; p=0.25. However, because of the difference in iron intake, the overall amount of absorbed iron did (2.4 ± 0.8 mg/d vs 1.7 ± 0.5 mg/d; p=0.013. No such differences were observed in the healthy control subjects. Conclusions In IBD, iron status is more closely related to the quality and quantity of dietary iron intake than in the general healthy population.

Powell Jonathan J

2013-02-01

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Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an exercise intervention on the total caloric intake (TCI of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. A secondary purpose was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between changes in TCI, body fat composition (%BF, and fatigue during the study, which lasted 6 months. Twenty females recently diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to undergo chemotherapy or radiation, were assigned randomly to an experimental (N = 10 or control group (N = 10. Outcome measures included TCI (3-day food diary, %BF (skinfolds, and fatigue (revised Piper Fatigue Scale. Each exercise session was conducted as follows: initial cardiovascular activity (6-12 min, followed by stretching (5-10 min, resistance training (15-30 min, and a cool-down (approximately 8 min. Significant changes in TCI were observed among groups (F1,18 = 8.582; P = 0.009, at treatments 2 and 3, and at the end of the study [experimental (1973 ± 419, control (1488 ± 418; experimental (1946 ± 437, control (1436 ± 429; experimental (2315 ± 455, control (1474 ± 294, respectively]. A significant negative correlation was found (Spearman rho(18 = -0.759; P < 0.001 between TCI and %BF and between TCI and fatigue levels (Spearman rho(18 = -0.541; P = 0.014 at the end of the study. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that an exercise intervention administered to breast cancer patients undergoing medical treatment may assist in the mitigation of some treatment side effects, including decreased TCI, increased fatigue, and negative changes in body composition.

C.L. Battaglini

2008-08-01

57

Correlation of magnesium intake with metabolic parameters, depression and physical activity in elderly type 2 diabetes patients: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major global public health problem in the worldwide and is increasing in aging populations. Magnesium intake may be one of the most important factors for diabetes prevention and management. Low magnesium intake may exacerbate metabolic abnormalities. In this study, the relationships of magnesium intake with metabolic parameters, depression and physical activity in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes were investigated. Methods This cross-sectional study involved 210 type 2 diabetes patients aged 65?years and above. Participants were interviewed to obtain information on lifestyle and 24-hour dietary recall. Assessment of depression was based on DSM-IV criteria. Clinical variables measured included anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and biochemical determinations of blood and urine samples. Linear regression was applied to determine the relationships of magnesium intake with nutritional variables and metabolic parameters. Results Among all patients, 88.6% had magnesium intake which was less than the dietary reference intake, and 37.1% had hypomagnesaemia. Metabolic syndromes and depression were associated with lower magnesium intake (p??0.05. A positive relationship was found between magnesium intake and HDL-cholesterol (p?=?0.005. Magnesium intake was inversely correlated with triglyceride, waist circumference, body fat percent and body mass index (p?p for trend?=?0005. Waist circumference, body fat percentage, and body mass index were significantly lower with increase quartile of magnesium intake (p for trend?p for trend? Conclusions The majority of elderly type 2 diabetes who have low magnesium intake may compound this deficiency with metabolic abnormalities and depression. Future studies should determine the effects of increased magnesium intake or magnesium supplementation on metabolic control and depression in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

Huang Jui-Hua

2012-06-01

58

Five-year updates to patient family histories may lead to improved cancer screening:  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to maintain accurate family histories from their patients, physicians should get a comprehensive family history by age 30, and then update it every five to 10 years because histories change significantly between ages 30 and 50 years. According to a new study, getting updated histories every five years would maximize the likelihood of detecting cancer at an early, more treatable state.

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Family History of Colorectal Cancer: Clinicians' Preventive Recommendations and Patient Behavior  

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Few population-based studies have addressed the role that family history of colorectal cancer (CRC) plays in clinician decision making or patient health choices. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of family history of CRC on clinician practice, patient CRC screening, and patient preventive behavior. We analyzed 2008 Oregon Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to examine associations between family history of CRC and 1) patient-reported clinician recommendations,...

Zlot, Amy I.; Silvey, Kerry; Newell, Nanette; Coates, Ralph J.; Leman, Richard

2012-01-01

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Insulin Detemir Reduces Weight Gain as a Result of Reduced Food Intake in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE Insulin detemir lacks the usual propensity for insulin to cause weight gain. We investigated whether this effect was a result of reduced energy intake and/or increased energy expenditure. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A 32-week, randomized crossover design trial was undertaken in 23 patients with type 1 diabetes. Patients on a basal-bolus regimen (with insulin aspart as the bolus insulin) were randomly assigned to insulin detemir or NPH insulin as a basal insulin for 16 weeks, followed by the other basal insulin for 16 weeks. At the end of each 16-week period, total energy expenditure, resting energy expenditure, diet-induced thermogenesis, activity energy expenditure, energy intake, weight change, glycemic control, hypoglycemic episodes, and hormones that affect satiety and fuel partitioning were measured. RESULTS After 16 weeks, weight change was ?0.69 ± 1.85 kg with insulin detemir and +1.7 ± 2.46 kg with NPH insulin (P < 0.001). Total energy intake was significantly less with insulin detemir (2,016 ± 501 kcal/day) than with NPH insulin (2,181 ± 559 kcal/day) (P = 0.026). There was no significant difference in any measure of energy expenditure, HbA1c percentage, or number of hypoglycemic episodes. Leptin was lower and resistin was higher with insulin detemir compared with NPH insulin (P = 0.039, P = 0.047). After the meal, ghrelin and pancreatic polypeptide levels (P = 0.002, P = 0.001) were higher with insulin detemir. CONCLUSIONS The reduced weight gain with insulin detemir compared with NPH insulin is attributed to reduced energy intake rather than increased energy expenditure. This may be mediated by a direct or indirect effect of insulin detemir on the hormones that control satiety. PMID:21593292

Zachariah, Sunil; Sheldon, Ben; Shojaee-Moradie, Fariba; Jackson, Nicola C.; Backhouse, Katharine; Johnsen, Sigurd; Jones, Richard H.; Umpleby, A. Margot; Russell-Jones, David L.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Quality of family history collection with use of a patient facing family history assessment tool  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Studies have shown that the quality of family health history (FHH) collection in primary care is inadequate to assess disease risk. To use FHH for risk assessment, collected data must have adequate detail. To address this issue, we developed a patient facing FHH assessment tool, MeTree. In this paper we report the content and quality of the FHH collected using MeTree. Methods Design: A hybrid implementation-effectiveness study. Patients were recruited from 2009 to 2012. Setting: Two community primary care clinics in Greensboro, NC. Participants: All non-adopted adult English speaking patients with upcoming appointments were invited to participate. Intervention: Education about and collection of FHH with entry into MeTree. Measures: We report the proportion of pedigrees that were high-quality. High-quality pedigrees are defined as having all the following criteria: (1) three generations of relatives, (2) relatives’ lineage, (3) relatives’ gender, (4) an up-to-date FHH, (5) pertinent negatives noted, (6) age of disease onset in affected relatives, and for deceased relatives, (7) the age and (8) cause of death (Prim Care31:479–495, 2004.). Results Enrollment: 1,184. Participant demographics: age range 18-92 (mean 58.8, SD 11.79), 56% male, and 75% white. The median pedigree size was 21 (range 8-71) and the FHH entered into MeTree resulted in a database of 27,406 individuals. FHHs collected by MeTree were found to be high quality in 99.8% (N?=?1,182/1,184) as compared to <4% at baseline. An average of 1.9 relatives per pedigree (range 0-50, SD 4.14) had no data reported. For pedigrees where at least one relative has no data (N?=?497/1,184), 4.97 relatives per pedigree (range 1-50, SD 5.44) had no data. Talking with family members before using MeTree significantly decreased the proportion of relatives with no data reported (4.98% if you talked to your relative vs. 10.85% if you did not, p-value?patients to be accurately risk stratified and offered appropriate preventive care guided by their risk level. Trial number NCT01372553 PMID:24520818

2014-01-01

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The significant other history: an interpersonal-emotional history procedure used with the early-onset chronically depressed patient.  

Science.gov (United States)

An interpersonal-emotional history procedure, the Significant Other History, is administered to the early-onset chronically depressed patient during the second therapy session in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP). Patients are asked to name up to six significant others and answer two questions: (1) What was it like growing up with or being around this person? (2) What is the emotional "stamp" you take from this relationship that informs who you are today? An interpersonal-emotional theme reflecting the early learning history of the patient is derived from these "stamps" or causal theory conclusions. One transference hypothesis (TH) is derived from the Significant Other History (SOH) and is formulated in one sentence, such as "If I do this, then the therapist will likely do that" (e.g., "If I make a mistake around Dr. E, then Dr. E will label me 'stupid' or 'incompetent"). The transference hypothesis highlights the interpersonal content that most likely informs the patient's expectancy of the therapist's reactions toward him or her. Throughout the therapy process, the therapist will proactively employ the transference hypothesis in a technique known as the Interpersonal Discrimination Exercise to help patients cognitively and emotionally discriminate the practitioner from hurtful significant others. The goal here is to increase the patient's felt safety within the therapeutic dyad and eventually to generalize the felt safety to the patient's other relationships. PMID:22032046

McCullough, James P; Lord, Benjamin D; Martin, Aaron M; Conley, Kathryn A; Schramm, Elisabeth; Klein, Daniel N

2011-01-01

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Low protein nitrogen appearance as a surrogate of low dietary protein intake is associated with higher all-cause mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

To determine the association between all-cause mortality and dietary protein intake in patients with chronic kidney disease, we performed a large-scale, 8-y prospective cohort study in 98,489 maintenance hemodialysis patients from a multicenter dialysis care provider. Compared with the reference level (60 to cause mortality, and high PNA levels [?110 g/d, HR: 0.92 (95% CI: 0.88, 0.97); 100 to cause mortality in all analyses. This association was also found in subanalyses performed among racial and hypoalbuminemic groups. Hence, using PNA as a surrogate for protein intake, a low daily dietary protein intake is associated with increased risk of death in all hemodialysis patients. Whether the association between dietary protein intake and survival is causal or a consequence of anorexia secondary to protein-energy-wasting/inflammation or other factors should be explored in interventional trials. PMID:23700345

Ravel, Vanessa A; Molnar, Miklos Z; Streja, Elani; Kim, Jun Chul; Victoroff, Alla; Jing, Jennie; Benner, Debbie; Norris, Keith C; Kovesdy, Csaba P; Kopple, Joel D; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar

2013-07-01

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Ingesta dietética en un grupo de pacientes fumadores de marihuana Dietary intakes in a group of marihuana smoking patients  

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Full Text Available Fundamentos: El uso de marihuana (cannabis sativa tiene efectos sobre el apetito, siendo los estudios en la literatura escasos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de sujetos fumadores de marihuana. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 32 varones. La edad media fue de 37,25 ± 8,8 años. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal y se realizó una encuesta nutricional. Resultados: La ingesta calórica total fue de 3.350,1 ± 979 kcal/día. La distribución de calorías fue de un 44,3% en forma de hidratos de carbono, un 14% en proteínas y un 41,7% en grasas (50,6% grasas monoinsaturadas, 36,3% grasas saturadas y el 13,1% grasas polinsaturadas. La ingesta absoluta de proteínas fue evelada (109,6 ± 38,5 g/día así como la ingesta corregida por peso (1,62 ± 0,73. Con referencia a los minerales y vitaminas, existió una baja ingesta de vitamina D, E, ácido fólico, magnesio y yodo. Las ingestas de vitaminas A, C, K, tiamina, riboflavina, B6, niacina, B12, calcio, hierro y zinc fueron superiores a las recomendaciones internacionales. No existieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la ingesta dietética ni en el peso entre los dos grupos de consumidores de marihuana en funcion de la mediana de tiempo de consumo (19 años. Conclusiones: Los pacientes fumadores de marihuana realizan una dieta hipercalorica e hiperproteica, rica en grasas y con un aporte por encima de lo recomendado de micronutrientes. Todo ello sin relacionarse con el peso del paciente.Background: Marihuana use has effects on appetite; studies in the literature on this topic area are limited. The aim of our work was to evaluate the dietary intake of marihuana smoking patietns. Patients and methods: A total of 32 male subjects were enrolled (average age 37.25 ± 8.8 years. In all patients were determined weight, height and body mass index and a three days nutritional questionnaire. Results: Total calories intakes were higher (3,350.1 ± 979 kcal/day. Distribution of calories was 44.3% of carbohydrates, 14% of proteins and 41.7% of lipids (50.6% mono-unsaturate fats, 36.3% saturate fats and 13.1% poluunsaturated fats. Total protein intake was 109.6 ± 38.5 g/day and corrected by weight was 1.62 ± 0.73 g/kg. Low intake of vitamin D, E, folic, magnesium and iodine were detected. High intake of vitamin A, C, K, thiamine, riboflavine, B6, niacin, B12, calcium, iron and zinc were observed. No statistical differences in dietary ntake or weight were detected between groups of marihuana users by median of consumtion time of this drug. Conclusions: Marihuana smoking patients realized a hipercloric and hiperproteic diet, with high amounts of fats and with an intake of micronutrients above international recommendations. This dietary intake has not related with weight.

D. A. De Luis

2010-08-01

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Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated  

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Objective: To identify the nutritional status and food intake ofindividuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. Methods: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center.Participants were divided into systemic psoriasis group and arthriticsystemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and wholebody plethysmography. Clinical and nu...

Marina Yazigi Solis; Nathalia Stefani de Melo; Maria Elisa Moschetti Macedo; Fabiana Prata Carneiro; Cid Yazigi Sabbag; Antonio Hebert Lancha Junior; Vera Silvia Frangella

2012-01-01

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Ingesta dietética en un grupo de pacientes fumadores de marihuana / Dietary intakes in a group of marihuana smoking patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamentos: El uso de marihuana (cannabis sativa) tiene efectos sobre el apetito, siendo los estudios en la literatura escasos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de sujetos fumadores de marihuana. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 32 varones. La edad med [...] ia fue de 37,25 ± 8,8 años. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal y se realizó una encuesta nutricional. Resultados: La ingesta calórica total fue de 3.350,1 ± 979 kcal/día. La distribución de calorías fue de un 44,3% en forma de hidratos de carbono, un 14% en proteínas y un 41,7% en grasas (50,6% grasas monoinsaturadas, 36,3% grasas saturadas y el 13,1% grasas polinsaturadas). La ingesta absoluta de proteínas fue evelada (109,6 ± 38,5 g/día) así como la ingesta corregida por peso (1,62 ± 0,73). Con referencia a los minerales y vitaminas, existió una baja ingesta de vitamina D, E, ácido fólico, magnesio y yodo. Las ingestas de vitaminas A, C, K, tiamina, riboflavina, B6, niacina, B12, calcio, hierro y zinc fueron superiores a las recomendaciones internacionales. No existieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la ingesta dietética ni en el peso entre los dos grupos de consumidores de marihuana en funcion de la mediana de tiempo de consumo (19 años). Conclusiones: Los pacientes fumadores de marihuana realizan una dieta hipercalorica e hiperproteica, rica en grasas y con un aporte por encima de lo recomendado de micronutrientes. Todo ello sin relacionarse con el peso del paciente. Abstract in english Background: Marihuana use has effects on appetite; studies in the literature on this topic area are limited. The aim of our work was to evaluate the dietary intake of marihuana smoking patietns. Patients and methods: A total of 32 male subjects were enrolled (average age 37.25 ± 8.8 years). In all p [...] atients were determined weight, height and body mass index and a three days nutritional questionnaire. Results: Total calories intakes were higher (3,350.1 ± 979 kcal/day). Distribution of calories was 44.3% of carbohydrates, 14% of proteins and 41.7% of lipids (50.6% mono-unsaturate fats, 36.3% saturate fats and 13.1% poluunsaturated fats). Total protein intake was 109.6 ± 38.5 g/day and corrected by weight was 1.62 ± 0.73 g/kg. Low intake of vitamin D, E, folic, magnesium and iodine were detected. High intake of vitamin A, C, K, thiamine, riboflavine, B6, niacin, B12, calcium, iron and zinc were observed. No statistical differences in dietary ntake or weight were detected between groups of marihuana users by median of consumtion time of this drug. Conclusions: Marihuana smoking patients realized a hipercloric and hiperproteic diet, with high amounts of fats and with an intake of micronutrients above international recommendations. This dietary intake has not related with weight.

D. A. De, Luis; A., Armentia; P. L., Muñoz; A., Dueñas-Laita; B., Martín; B. De la, Fuente; O., Izaola.

2010-08-01

67

Ingesta dietética en un grupo de pacientes fumadores de marihuana / Dietary intakes in a group of marihuana smoking patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamentos: El uso de marihuana (cannabis sativa) tiene efectos sobre el apetito, siendo los estudios en la literatura escasos. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de sujetos fumadores de marihuana. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 32 varones. La edad med [...] ia fue de 37,25 ± 8,8 años. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso corporal, la talla y el índice de masa corporal y se realizó una encuesta nutricional. Resultados: La ingesta calórica total fue de 3.350,1 ± 979 kcal/día. La distribución de calorías fue de un 44,3% en forma de hidratos de carbono, un 14% en proteínas y un 41,7% en grasas (50,6% grasas monoinsaturadas, 36,3% grasas saturadas y el 13,1% grasas polinsaturadas). La ingesta absoluta de proteínas fue evelada (109,6 ± 38,5 g/día) así como la ingesta corregida por peso (1,62 ± 0,73). Con referencia a los minerales y vitaminas, existió una baja ingesta de vitamina D, E, ácido fólico, magnesio y yodo. Las ingestas de vitaminas A, C, K, tiamina, riboflavina, B6, niacina, B12, calcio, hierro y zinc fueron superiores a las recomendaciones internacionales. No existieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la ingesta dietética ni en el peso entre los dos grupos de consumidores de marihuana en funcion de la mediana de tiempo de consumo (19 años). Conclusiones: Los pacientes fumadores de marihuana realizan una dieta hipercalorica e hiperproteica, rica en grasas y con un aporte por encima de lo recomendado de micronutrientes. Todo ello sin relacionarse con el peso del paciente. Abstract in english Background: Marihuana use has effects on appetite; studies in the literature on this topic area are limited. The aim of our work was to evaluate the dietary intake of marihuana smoking patietns. Patients and methods: A total of 32 male subjects were enrolled (average age 37.25 ± 8.8 years). In all p [...] atients were determined weight, height and body mass index and a three days nutritional questionnaire. Results: Total calories intakes were higher (3,350.1 ± 979 kcal/day). Distribution of calories was 44.3% of carbohydrates, 14% of proteins and 41.7% of lipids (50.6% mono-unsaturate fats, 36.3% saturate fats and 13.1% poluunsaturated fats). Total protein intake was 109.6 ± 38.5 g/day and corrected by weight was 1.62 ± 0.73 g/kg. Low intake of vitamin D, E, folic, magnesium and iodine were detected. High intake of vitamin A, C, K, thiamine, riboflavine, B6, niacin, B12, calcium, iron and zinc were observed. No statistical differences in dietary ntake or weight were detected between groups of marihuana users by median of consumtion time of this drug. Conclusions: Marihuana smoking patients realized a hipercloric and hiperproteic diet, with high amounts of fats and with an intake of micronutrients above international recommendations. This dietary intake has not related with weight.

D. A. De, Luis; A., Armentia; P. L., Muñoz; A., Dueñas-Laita; B., Martín; B. De la, Fuente; O., Izaola.

68

Validity and reliability of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire measuring n-3 fatty acid intakes in cardiac patients in the Midwest: a validation pilot study.  

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The purpose of this pilot study was to test the validity and reliability of a quantitative n-3 fatty acid food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for later use with larger groups of individuals. A convenience sample of heart patients provided dietary data via three 24-hour food recalls and FFQs. Participants were women (n=17) and men (n=11), 43 to 77 years of age. The association of mean daily intake of n-3 fatty acids obtained using food recalls and the FFQ was assessed by Pearson correlation. The reliability of the FFQ was assessed using coefficient alpha. Correlation of n-3 fatty acid intake using the food recalls and the FFQ was r=0.42 (Psalmon, contributed 5%. This quantitative n-3 FFQ is a valid instrument for use in place of food recalls for estimating n-3 fatty acid intakes in heart patients and is a reliable instrument to estimate n-3 fatty acid intakes from plant, animal, and seafood sources. The FFQ should be tested in a larger population. Registered dietitians can use this FFQ to screen for intakes, educate patients on food sources, and measure change in intakes after nutrition intervention. PMID:16863722

Ritter-Gooder, Paula K; Lewis, Nancy M; Heidal, Kimberly B; Eskridge, Kent M

2006-08-01

69

The role of soluble fiber intake in patients under highly effective lipid-lowering therapy  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background It has been demonstrated that statins can increase intestinal sterol absorption. Augments in phytosterolemia seems related to cardiovascular disease. Objective We examined the role of soluble fiber intake in endogenous cholesterol synthesis and in sterol absorption among subjects under highly effective lipid-lowering therapy. Design In an open label, randomized, parallel-design study with blinded endpoints, subjects with primary hypercholesterolemia (n = 116 were assigned to receive during 12 weeks, a daily dose of 25 g of fiber (corresponding to 6 g of soluble fibers plus rosuvastatin 40 mg (n = 28, rosuvastatin 40 mg alone (n = 30, sinvastatin 40 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg plus 25 g of fiber (n = 28, or sinvastatin 40 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg (n = 30 alone. Results The four assigned therapies produced similar changes in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides (p Conclusion Among subjects treated with highly effective lipid-lowering therapy, the intake of 25 g of fibers added favorable effects, mainly by reducing phytosterolemia. Additional benefits include improvement in blood glucose and anthropometric parameters.

Rezende Vinicius M

2011-08-01

70

Effects of dietary guidance on the symptoms, quality of life and habitual dietary intake of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.  

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Diet is important in triggering the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study investigated the impact of dietary guidance on the symptoms, quality of life and habitual diet of patients with IBS. Forty-six patients who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for the diagnosis of IBS were included. Of these patients, 17 completed the entire study. Each patient attended three sessions (~45 min in duration) and received individual guidance on their dietary management. The patients were asked to complete the following questionnaires prior to receiving the dietary guidance, and at least 3 months subsequently: The Birmingham IBS symptom score questionnaire, the IBS Quality of Life (IBS-QOL) questionnaire, the Short-Form Nepean and Dyspepsia Index (SF?NDI) and the MoBa Food Frequency Questionnaire (MoBa FFQ). The time at which patients completed the questionnaires following dietary guidance ranged from 3-9 months (median, 4 months). The total IBS symptom scores were reduced once the patients had received dietary guidance (P=0.001). The total score for the quality of life, as assessed by the IBS?QOL and the SF-NDI, increased significantly following the dietary guidance sessions (P=0.003 and P=0.002, respectively). There were no statistical differences in the intake of calories, carbohydrate, fiber, protein, fat or alcohol in the patients with IBS following dietary guidance. There were increases in the consumption of dairy products, ?-carotene, retinol equivalents, riboflavin, vitamin B12 and calcium, although only the increase in vitamin B12 consumption was statistically significant. There was a significant reduction in the consumption of certain fruits and vegetables that were rich in highly fermentable short-chain carbohydrates, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, as well as insoluble fibers. In conclusion, three 45-min dietary guidance sessions, administered by a nurse, reduced the symptoms and improved the quality of life of patients with IBS, and resulted in an adequate intake of vitamins and minerals. Individual dietary guidance is a cost-effective option for the management of IBS. PMID:23820783

Mazzawi, Tarek; Hausken, Trygve; Gundersen, Doris; El-Salhy, Magdy

2013-09-01

71

History  

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Full Text Available History writing traditionally had a link with the art of governing and studying history was considered to be a teacher of prudence in matters political and religious. Critical principles and professionalisation severed the link. Questions remain of what humans do and should remember and they are of contemporary urgency. The argument is identities (group and individual become impoverished when severed from collective and personal memories.

Michel Despland

2005-12-01

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A case-control study on the dietary taurine intake, nutrient status and life stress of functional constipation patients in Korean male college students  

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Background Constipation is a common gastrointestinal symptom in Korea as well as in Western countries. This study was performed to investigate the dietary taurine intake, nutrient status, and life stress of functional constipation (FC) patients in Korean male college students. Methods Research data were collected in 2008 and a total of 104 male students (52 with FC patients and 52 healthy controls without FC) were included. FC patients were defined by the codes for the Rome? Modular Questionnaire and healthy controls without FC were matched for age, height, weight and BMI. A self-administered life stress score and 3-day recall method were used to assess life stress level and dietary intake, respectively. Results The averages of age, height, weight, body fat percentage and body mass index (BMI) of male students were 23.4 years, 174.1 cm, 71.9 kg, 19.0 % and 23.7 kg/m2, respectively. Average intake of dietary taurine was 126.8 mg/day in FC patients and 105.1 mg/day in control group. The average intake of total calorie (p<0.05), plant protein (p<0.01), plant fat (p<0.001), carbohydrate (p<0.05), plant calcium (p<0.05) of FC patients were significantly higher compared to control group. The average total life stress score (p<0.01), economy problem score (p<0.05), future problem score (p<0.05) and value problem score (p<0.05) of FC patients were significantly higher compared to control group. Conclusions These results may suggest that FC patients show a higher life stress score and intake of some nutrient such as total calorie, plant protein, plant fat, carbohydrate and plant calcium in Korean male college students. Therefore, a further large-scale study is needed about correlation between life stress and nutrients intake including dietary taurine. PMID:20804618

2010-01-01

73

History of spine surgery in older obese patients  

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Full Text Available Goal: To study the interaction of obesity and age in patients with multiple spine surgeries. Methods: Data on the body mass index (BMI of 956 patients were collected and classified into four groups: non-obese (BMI <30 kg/m2, obese-class I (BMI ?30 kg/m2, obese-class II (BMI ?35 kg/m2 and obese-class III (BMI ?40 kg/m2. Patients' age was categorized into the following age groups: ?40, 41–65 and ?66. T-test and Chi-square test were applied using SPSS v16. Results: In lumbar patients aged ?66 years with previous spine surgery, the average number of previous spine surgeries significantly increased with increasing obesity from 1.4 in nonobese patients to 1.7, 2.5 and 3.5 in obese class I, II and III patients.In lumbar decompression and fusion patients aged ?66 years with previous spine surgery, the average number of previous spine surgeries signifi-cantly increased with increasing obesity from 1.7 in nonobese patients to 1.6, 2.0 and 3.5 in obese class I, II and III patients. A similar trend was noted in lumbar microdiskectomy patients aged ?66 years but it was statistically nonsignificant due probably to small numbers. Conclusion: Obesity is associated with an increased number of previous spine surgeries in patients over 65 years of age undergoing lumbar surgery.

Zaytseva, Nadezhda

2011-01-01

74

Contributors to Suicidal Ideation among Bipolar Patients with and without a History of Suicide Attempts  

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This study was designed to develop models for vulnerability to suicidal ideation in bipolar patients. Logistic regression models examined correlates of suicidal ideation in patients who had versus had not attempted suicide previously. Of 477 patients assessed, complete data on demographic, illness history, and personality variables were available…

Allen, Michael H.; Chessick, Cheryl A.; Miklowitz, David J.; Goldberg, Joseph F.; Wisniewski, Stephen R.; Miyahara, Sachiko; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Marangell, Lauren; Bauer, Mark S.; Thomas, Marshall R.; Bowden, Charles L.; Sachs, Gary S.

2005-01-01

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PREVALENCE OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINES’ INTAKE BY PATIENTS TAKING PRESCRIBED ALLOPATHIC MEDICINES AT LUCKNOW  

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Full Text Available Aim: Present study was done to know the prevalence of the use of dietary supplements and ayurvedic drugs by patients taking allopathic drugs.Introduction: Allopathic drugs are likely to act with ayurvedic drugs and dietary supplements and concurrently used. This concept is usually not recognized by the patients and physicians. Sometimes this may prove dangerous. Present study was done to find out the prevalence of concurrent administration of these produce so that a message can be spread to reduce these habits in patients and physicians.Method: We did study among private practitioners of medicine, general surgery and gynaecology specialities. The patients were interviewed by our team members and requested to fill a proforma. After completion of study data were segregated and analyzed for various parameters.Results: Results showed that 25.6% patients attending physician, 39.9% attending surgeons and 41.4% attending gynaecologists were taking some or other preparations in various forms. Out of all patients only 18.2% patients knew that these preparations were also a form of drug. Only 9.1% of all patients told this information to their treating doctors. Only 15.2% doctors asked the patients about this type of possibility. Conclusion: Study shows that considerable proportions of patients have been taking dietary supplements and ayurvedic preparations without knowing that this may be harmful when taken along with allopathic medicines. This needs considerations for rational therapy.

Rakesh verma et al

2012-09-01

76

Association of Aspirin Intake and Myocardial Infarction Size  

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Full Text Available Myocardial infarction (MI is one of the most important health burdens worldwide. Aspirin as an non- Steroid Anti—inflammatory drug, has been proven to be a protective factor to decrease the incidence, however its effect of MI size is still unknown. We designed this study to compare the biomarkers after MI in patients with and without aspirin intake. 378 patients were enrolled and the results showed lower cardiac troponin T and Creatine Kinases in patients with protective dose of aspirin intake. In addition, Creatine Kinases were significantly higher in patients with no history of MI. We conclude that aspirin can reduce the size of the infraction. Also, higher enzymes can be due to higher muscle content in patient without MI history.

Seyyed Hashem Sezavar

2012-09-01

77

Regularity of dapsone intake by leprosy patients attending urban treatment centre.  

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Dapsone/Creatinine in urine ratios were determined in statistically randomised samples of 965 leprosy patients attending out-patient department of Acworth Leprosy Hospital and 44 inmates of the Hospital. The percentage of irregularity in DDS treatment was found in 43 and 22.6 respectively in out-patients and inmates of the Hospital. The need to assess the possible response for irregularity in treatment is stressed and the hazard of infectious cases remaining without treatment or with incomplete treatment is pointed out. PMID:909287

Naik, S S; Ganapati, R

1977-04-01

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Fatores associados à ingestão de sal em pacientes em tratamento crônico de hemodiálise / Factors associated to salt intake in chronic hemodialysis patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A ingestão de sal tem sido diretamente relacionada ao aumento da ingestão hídrica e, consequentemente, ao incremento dos níveis da pressão arterial (PA) e do ganho de peso interdialítico (GPID), fatores de risco de morbimortalidade em pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a in [...] gestão de sal e suas fontes alimentares, bem como sua associação com parâmetros demográficos, clínicos e nutricionais. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal no qual participaram 109 pacientes (66% mulheres; idade = 49,0 ± 12,6 anos) de cinco centros de diálise. Para obtenção da ingestão de sal total, foi utilizado um questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA) validado somado à estimativa da ingestão de sal de adição. Os dados obtidos foram relacionados a diversos parâmetros. RESULTADOS: A ingestão de sal média foi elevada (8,6 ± 5,4 g/dia), sendo 72% proveniente do sal de adição. Apenas a escolaridade se correlacionou tanto com a ingestão de sal total (r = -0,29; p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Salt intake increases fluid intake and, consequently, blood pressure (BP) and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG), known as morbi-mortality risk factors for hemodialysis (HD) patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate salt intake and food sources, as well as its relationship with demographics, clinica [...] l and nutritional parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 109 patients (66% women, age = 49.0 ± 12.6 years) from five dialysis centers. For total salt intake, a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the use of discretionary salt were estimated. The relationship of salt intake with many factors was studied. RESULTS: Salt intake was high (8.6 ± 5.4 g/day) and 72% came from discretionary salt. Only literacy was significantly correlated total salt intake (r = -0.29, p

Fabiana Baggio, Nerbass; Jyana Gomes, Morais; Rafaela Gonzaga dos, Santos; Tatiana Stela, Kruger; Andrea Carolina, Sczip; Hercilio Alexandre da, Luz Filho.

2013-06-01

79

Fatores associados à ingestão de sal em pacientes em tratamento crônico de hemodiálise / Factors associated to salt intake in chronic hemodialysis patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A ingestão de sal tem sido diretamente relacionada ao aumento da ingestão hídrica e, consequentemente, ao incremento dos níveis da pressão arterial (PA) e do ganho de peso interdialítico (GPID), fatores de risco de morbimortalidade em pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a in [...] gestão de sal e suas fontes alimentares, bem como sua associação com parâmetros demográficos, clínicos e nutricionais. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal no qual participaram 109 pacientes (66% mulheres; idade = 49,0 ± 12,6 anos) de cinco centros de diálise. Para obtenção da ingestão de sal total, foi utilizado um questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA) validado somado à estimativa da ingestão de sal de adição. Os dados obtidos foram relacionados a diversos parâmetros. RESULTADOS: A ingestão de sal média foi elevada (8,6 ± 5,4 g/dia), sendo 72% proveniente do sal de adição. Apenas a escolaridade se correlacionou tanto com a ingestão de sal total (r = -0,29; p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Salt intake increases fluid intake and, consequently, blood pressure (BP) and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG), known as morbi-mortality risk factors for hemodialysis (HD) patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate salt intake and food sources, as well as its relationship with demographics, clinica [...] l and nutritional parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 109 patients (66% women, age = 49.0 ± 12.6 years) from five dialysis centers. For total salt intake, a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the use of discretionary salt were estimated. The relationship of salt intake with many factors was studied. RESULTS: Salt intake was high (8.6 ± 5.4 g/day) and 72% came from discretionary salt. Only literacy was significantly correlated total salt intake (r = -0.29, p

Fabiana Baggio, Nerbass; Jyana Gomes, Morais; Rafaela Gonzaga dos, Santos; Tatiana Stela, Kruger; Andrea Carolina, Sczip; Hercilio Alexandre da, Luz Filho.

80

Dietary history and nutritional state in treated coeliac patients.  

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The gluten content and nutritional adequacy of the diet of a group of adult coeliac patients supposedly following a gluten-free diet for at least one year were assessed. Results were considered in relation to the nutritional state of these patients, determined by anthropometric measurement, and the histological appearance of jejunal biopsies taken at the time of nutritional assessment. Imperfect gluten avoidance, mild malnutrition and mild histological abnormalities on jejunal biopsy were fre...

Collins, B. J.; Bell, P. M.; Thomson, J. M.; Fee, D. B.; Wilson, E. A.; Love, A. H.

1986-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Psychological characteristics and outcomes of elective cosmetic surgery patients: the influence of cosmetic surgery history.  

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The early cosmetic surgery literature suggested that individuals re-presenting for aesthetic surgical procedures (referred to as "insatiable patients") display poorer psychological functioning and satisfaction with surgical outcomes than those who request one procedure. The aim of the study was to compare 284 patients with and without a history of cosmetic procedures on demographic characteristics, appearance concerns, expectations of surgery, psychosocial dysfunction, and postoperative dissatisfaction. There were few differences between the groups, suggesting that the group of patients with a history of aesthetic surgeries did not represent the population that has been described as "surgery insatiable." Post hoc analyses of subgroups of patients with a history of surgeries also revealed few differences except for lower self-esteem and postoperative satisfaction. Further research is required to fully explore the applicability of the "insatiable patient" label in the context of increasing societal acceptance of cosmetic surgery. PMID:22157610

Dowling, Nicki A; Jackson, Alun C; Honigman, Roberta J; Francis, Kate L

2011-01-01

82

[What the patient's history tells us about their nonepileptic seizures].  

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The aetiology of "psychogenic" non-epileptic seizures (NES) remains poorly understood and the differentiation of NES from epilepsy can be a difficult. In the first part of this review article we focus on recent insights into the neurobiological underpinnings of NES. We summarise a number of studies demonstrating the importance of abnormalities of emotion regulation in patients with NES. Evidence for abnormal emotion regulation comes from both self-report and experimental studies of pre-conscious cognitive processes. These studies show that NES are not the only manifestation of abnormal mental processing in these patients and that excessive social threat avoidance and emotional dysregulation are also evident between seizures and may therefore contribute to disability beyond the seizures themselves. In the second part of this review, we describe the findings of a number of studies, which have examined differences between the communication behaviour of patients with NES and those with epilepsy. We argue, that, whilst these studies initially aimed to help clinicians with the differential diagnosis of NES and epilepsy, close sociolinguistic analysis of patient's talk can also provide clues about the aetiology of NES. We conclude that the interaction of patient with NES with the doctor can be interpreted as a manifestation of avoidance and a demonstration of helplessness perhaps intended to secure active support from the doctor. In the third part of this review, we suggest that a close reading of a transcript of the interaction between a patient with NES and her doctor (and perhaps attentive listening to how patients' talk about themselves and their disorder) can yield clues to the causes of NES in individual cases. PMID:25306078

Reuber, M; J-A, Micoulaud-Franchi; Gülich, E; Bartolomei, F; McGonigal, A

2014-10-01

83

CAROTID AND VERTEBRAL ARTERY STENOSIS IN PATIENT WITH HISTORY OF CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING  

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Full Text Available ntroduction: Athrosclerosis and cerebrovascular events are from the main causes of human modality and disability. The purpose of this paper is to investigate atherosclerotic plagues and stenos is in carotid and vertebral arteries in patient with history of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG Methods: In a cross -sectional study, 100 patient who had history of CABG in last 2 years were evaluated by duplex sonography for carotid and vertebral artery pluge and stenosis and result were analyzed by spss 10. Results: 25% of patients had carotid plague and 20% of them had vertebral plague. The only difinit risk factor for carotid artery stenosis was aging (P < 0.05. Discussion: Periodic cervical artries examination with duplex sonography in patient with history of coronary artery bypass grafting is essential.

M EATEMADIF

2003-12-01

84

Pachyonychia congenita in pediatric patients: natural history, features, and impact.  

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IMPORTANCE Nail dystrophy in early childhood often suggests a diagnosis of pachyonychia congenita (PC). No previous investigation has focused on the early signs of PC and the natural course of the disease. OBJECTIVES To determine the course of pediatric PC, correlate the disease course with the clinical appearance and specific gene mutations, and assess the effect of pediatric PC on quality of life. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS One hundred one patients or families with genetically confirmed PC from the International Pachyonychia Congenita Research Registry who completed a survey on the general clinical features of PC and an auxiliary questionnaire on the clinical presentation and quality-of-life issues related to pediatric PC. EXPOSURE Individuals with pachyonychia congenita. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Completion of both surveys. RESULTS At birth, toenail changes were present in 47.5% of patients; fingernail changes in 40.6%; and plantar keratoderma in 6.9%. By 5 years of age, these 3 key manifestations were found in 81.2%, 74.2%, and 75.3%, respectively, of individuals with genotype-confirmed PC. The correct diagnosis was made during the first year of life in 26.7% of patients despite the presence of toenail dystrophy in more than 65.3%. Clinical differences that distinguished PC subtypes included (1) later onset and less frequent occurrence of nail dystrophy and keratoderma in PC-K6b, PC-K6c, and PC-K16; (2) concurrent fingernail and toenail thickening in PC-K6a and PC-K17; (3) more palmar keratoderma in PC-K16; (4) cysts primarily in PC-K17 and follicular hyperkeratoses primarily in PC-K6a; (5) hoarseness and/or oral leukokeratoses in the first year of life most often in PC-K6a; and (6) natal teeth exclusively in PC-K17. Among pediatric patients, PC affected the social interactions and function of adolescents most profoundly. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Among patients with a detectable mutation, PC manifests with nail thickening and plantar keratoderma before school age in more than three-quarters of affected children, allowing early diagnosis. The highly visible nail changes and painful plantar thickening exert a psychosocial effect on most affected adolescents. Phenotype-genotype correlations in children with PC validate the new classification based on the affected gene. PMID:24132595

Shah, Sonal; Boen, Monica; Kenner-Bell, Brandi; Schwartz, Mary; Rademaker, Alfred; Paller, Amy S

2014-02-01

85

Ingesta excesiva de alcohol, malnutrición y cáncer de cabeza y cuello Heavy alcohol intake, malnutrition and head and neck cancer patients  

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Full Text Available Los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello presentan generalmente una excesiva ingesta de alcohol en su dicta diaria. El objetivo de este trabajo será establecer la relación entre consumo excesivo de alcohol en cáncer de cabeza y cuello y malnutrición junto al posible valor pronóstico del abuso de alcohol en su evolución oncológica. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudian de forma prospectiva 50 pacientes con cáncer de cavidad oral o faringolaringe en estadío T2-4. Se investigará sobre el estado nutricional y la aparición de recidivas en función de la ingesta de alcohol, así como la posibilidad de abandono del consumo de alcohol al finalizar el tratamiento oncológico. Resultados: El 51% de nuestros enfermos ingería diariamente una cantidad excesiva de alcohol en su dieta. El 70% de los grandes consumidores de alcohol presentaban mal estado nutricional, frente a una incidencia de desnutrición del 30% en los enfermos que no tomaban alcohol (p Head and neck cancer patients are frecuently heavy alcohol drinkers. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of alcohol intake on nutritional status and the impact in prognoses. Patients and methods: Fifty patients with oral and pharyngolaryngeal carcinomas were prospective studied in a control-case study. We studied nutritional status and tumoral recurrence in alcoholic and non-alcoholic patients. We also studied alcohol intake after oncologic treatment in these patients. Results: 51% of these patients had excesive alcohol intake before oncologic, treatment. The impact of malnutrition was 70% in alcoholic patients vs 30% in non-alcoholic (p < 0.01. Tumoral recurrence was 30% in alcoholic patients vs 13% in non-alcoholic patients (p < 0.05 . Only 48% of alcoholic patient stopped alcohol in-take after treatment. Conclusions: Excesive alcohol intake in head and neck cancer patients is a predictive malnutrition factor and it is related to poor prognoses. Alcoholic patients with head and neck cancer and malnutrition need an agresive nutritional, medical and psycosocial suppor after oncologic treatment, in order to reach a better and longer survival.

C. Martín Villares

2004-11-01

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Prevalence of the patients with history of hepatitis in a dental faculty  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of the dental patients who had a history of hepatitis. Study design: A total of 13.527 records of patients who were examined between October 1, 2002 and October 1, 2004 were reviewed retrospectively. The medical histories of patients [...] were taken before routine clinical and radiographic examination. A dental software program was used for the collection of data. The chi-square test was utilized to evaluate correlations between different parameters. Results: The percentage of the patients who had a medical history of hepatitis was 7.9% (n=1065). Within the total patients; history of hepatitis A was found as 3.2% (n=438), hepatitis B was 2.3% (n=308), hepatitis C was 0.1% (n=16). The frequency of the patients who were hepatitis B carriers was 0.8% (n=113) and 17% (n=181) of patients did not know which type of hepatitis they had suffered from. Conclusions: Because dentists are particularly at risk for contacting hepatitis, a strict sterilization procedure is mandatory to prevent the transmission.

Dilhan, Ilgüy; Mehmet, Ilgüy; Semanur, Dinçer; Gündüz, Bayirli.

2006-02-01

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Dietary Fiber Intake Is Associated with HbA1c Level among Prevalent Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China  

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Background Dietary factors play an important role in glycemic control in diabetic patients. However, little is known about their effects among Chinese diabetic patients, whose diets are typically abundant in fiber and high in glycemic index (GI) values. Methodology/Principal Findings 934 patients with type 2 diabetes and 918 healthy volunteers from Pudong New Area, Shanghai, China, were interviewed during the period of Oct-Dec, 2006 to elicit demographic characteristics and lifestyle factors. Dietary habits were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements, bio-specimen collection and biochemical assays were conducted at the interview according to a standard protocol. In this population, diabetic patients consumed lower levels of energy and macronutrients but had higher levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycolated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), triglyceride and body mass index than healthy adults. While the average consumption levels of the nutrients among diabetic patients did not vary along duration of the disease, the average levels of FPG and HbA1c increased with increasing duration. Regardless of diabetes duration, HbA1c level was observed lower in patients having a higher fiber or lower GI intake. Compared with those with the lowest tertile intake of fiber, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for poor glycemic control reduced from 0.75 (95%CI: 0.54–1.06) to 0.51 (95%CI: 0.34–0.75) with increasing tertile intake (P for trend <0.001). Conclusions Dietary fiber may play an important role in reducing HbA1c level. Increasing fiber intake may be an effective approach to improve glycemic control among Chinese diabetic patients. PMID:23077514

Jiang, Junyi; Qiu, Hua; Zhao, Genming; Zhou, Yi; Zhang, Zhijie; Zhang, Hong; Jiang, Qingwu; Sun, Qiao; Wu, Hongyan; Yang, Liming; Ruan, Xiaonan; Xu, Wang-Hong

2012-01-01

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Characteristics of tuberculosis patients at intake in Cambodia, two provinces in China, and Viet Nam  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The tuberculosis register is a critical data source for the information system of national tuberculosis control programs. From the information in the tuberculosis case register, it is possible to extend the standard analysis of age and sex characteristics among sputum smear-positive cases to all tuberculosis case categories. National tuberculosis programs might utilize such information to identify problems related to referral and access to diagnosis and treatment. Objectives Based on the electronic database we created, our objectives were to provide a detailed description of age and sex characteristics of tuberculosis patients at registration and to provide a comparison of age-specific sex characteristics among incident and prevalent sputum smear-positive cases. Methods A representative sample of tuberculosis case registers from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005 was selected in Cambodia, two provinces in China and Viet Nam. Age and sex characteristics of cases in the three separate prevalence surveys in the three jurisdictions (Cambodia: year 2002; China: year 2000; and Viet Nam: year 2006-2007 were obtained for comparison. Results A total 37,635 patients had been registered during the period in the selected units in the three countries. Cases were more frequently male in all three countries with 53%, 71%, and 69% in Cambodia, China, and Viet Nam, respectively. The ratios of the female-to-male odds in the notification system to that in the prevalence survey in smear-positive cases in Cambodia, China and Viet Nam were 2.1, 0.9, and 1.8, respectively. Because of the small proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis registered in China, we limited the analysis on age and sex distribution for extrapulmonary cases to Cambodia and Viet Nam. The proportion with extrapulmonary tuberculosis among all cases was 18.5% in Cambodia and 15.7% in Viet Nam, decreasing in frequency with increasing age. Conclusions Characteristics of patients greatly differed between countries and between patient categories. In Cambodia and Viet Nam, efforts should be made for improved case-finding of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis among males.

Lauritsen Jens M

2011-05-01

89

Hansen's disease in a patient with a history of sarcoidosis.  

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We report a rare case of concomitant Hansen's disease (HD) and sarcoidosis. Reticulin staining may be a helpful diagnostic tool in establishing the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in skin lesions. The diagnosis of HD can be established despite negative polymerase chain reaction results for the detection of Mycobacterium leprae DNA. Finally, a well-established diagnosis of sarcoidosis does not preclude the development of another granulomatous disorder. Hence, when new lesions developed in a patient with sarcoidosis despite appropriate therapy, other concurrent diagnoses should be pursued. PMID:11221094

Burdick, A E; Hendi, A; Elgart, G W; Barquin, L; Scollard, D M

2000-09-01

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Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a previous history of catheter placement  

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Objective: To evaluate dialysis history, imaging findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in six patients with central venous stenosis without a history of previous catheter placement. Material and methods: Between April 2000 and June 2004, six (10%) of 57 haemodialysis patients had stenosis of a central vein without a previous central catheter placement. Venography findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in these six patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were three women (50%) and three men aged 32-60 years (mean age: 45 years) and all had massive arm swelling as the main complaint. The vascular accesses were located at the elbow in five patients and at the wrist in one patient. Results: Three patients had stenosis of the left subclavian vein and three patients had stenosis of the left brachiocephalic vein. The mean duration of the vascular accesses from the time of creation was 25.1 months. Flow volumes of the vascular access were very high in four patients who had flow volume measurement. The mean flow volume was 2347 ml/min. One of three patients with brachiocephalic vein stenosis had compression of the vein by the brachiocephalic artery. All the lesions were first treated with balloon angioplasty and two patients required stent placement on long term. Number of interventions ranged from 1 to 4 (mean: 2.1). Symptoms resolved in five patients and improved in one patient who had a stent placed in the left BCV. Conclusion: Central venous sten left BCV. Conclusion: Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a history of central venous catheterization tends to occur or be manifested in patients with a proximal permanent vascular access with high flow rates. Balloon angioplasty with or without stent placement offers good secondary patency rates in mid-term

91

Family history, body mass index and survival in Japanese patients with stomach cancer: a prospective study.  

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Family history and nutritional status may affect the long-term prognosis of stomach cancer, but evidence is insufficient and inconsistent. To clarify the prognostic factors of stomach cancer, we conducted a prospective study of 1,033 Japanese patients with histologically confirmed stomach cancer who were admitted to a single hospital between 1997 and 2005. Family history of stomach cancer and pretreatment body mass index (BMI) were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Clinical data were retrieved from a hospital-based cancer registry. All patients were completely followed up until December, 2008. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated according to family history in parents and siblings and BMI category. During a median follow-up of 5.3 years, 403 all-cause and 279 stomach cancer deaths were documented. Although no association with family history was observed in the patients overall, analysis according to age group found an increased risk of all-cause death associated with a history in first degree relatives (HR?=?1.61, 95% CI: 0.93-2.78, p?=?0.09) and with a parental history (HR?=?1.86, 95% CI: 1.06-3.26) among patients aged under 60 years at diagnosis. BMI was related to all-cause and stomach cancer death among patients aged 60 and over, showing a J-shaped pattern (HR of all-cause death?=?2.28 for BMI?patients, whereas nutritional status may be a prognostic factor in older patients. PMID:24890283

Minami, Yuko; Kawai, Masaaki; Fujiya, Tsuneaki; Suzuki, Masaki; Noguchi, Tetsuya; Yamanami, Hideaki; Kakugawa, Yoichiro; Nishino, Yoshikazu

2015-01-15

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Incidental atypical proliferative lesions in reduction mammoplasty specimens in patients with a history of breast cancer.  

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We recently reported the prevalence of atypical proliferative lesions (APL) in reduction mammoplasty specimens from patients that were treated mainly for macromastia with no known history of breast cancer. The current study is to investigate the prevalence of APLs in breast reduction specimens from patients with a history of breast cancer and compare it to that from patients without a history of breast cancer. A retrospective chart review of pathology records on patients that underwent reduction mammoplasty from 2006 to 2012 generated 179 cases. Laterality, specimen weight, number of blocks submitted and presence of APL were recorded and analyzed. We defined APL as invasive carcinoma, ductal (DCIS) or lobular carcinoma in situ, atypical ductal or lobular hyperplasia (ADH or ALH), and flat epithelial atypia (FEA). The presence of papillomas, radial scars and fibroadenomas were also recorded. At least 1 APL was identified in 23 (12.8%) of 179 specimens including invasive lobular carcinoma (n = 3), DCIS (n = 1), ADH/FEA (n = 9) and lobular carcinoma in situ/ALH (n = 10). The most common APL in this cohort was lobular neoplasia (5.6%) followed by ADH and FEA (5.0%). Invasive carcinoma and DCIS was identified in 2.3% of this cohort. In conclusion, the frequency of detection of APLs in patients with history of breast cancer is significantly higher than that in patients without history of breast cancer (12.8% versus 4.3%). Our data assessed the prevalence of APLs in this setting and, therefore, provide new information on decision-making for contralateral breast reduction in patients with history of breast cancer. PMID:24182561

Li, Zaibo; Fadare, Oluwole; Hameed, Omar; Zhao, Chengquan; Desouki, Mohamed Mokhtar

2014-01-01

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"Transferred to another institution": clinical histories of psychiatric patients murdered in the Nazi "euthanasia" killing program.  

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This study aims to examine the practice of medical reporting in a totalitarian environment including systematic killing of people with mental illness in Nazi Germany. The historical analysis is based on patient documents and administrative files at today's District Hospital, Günzburg, as well as on patient documents of inventory R 179 of the branch office of the Federal Archives (Bundesarchiv) in Berlin/Lichterfelde. The paper describes four patient histories and attempts to reconstruct some aspects of patients' (mostly institutional) histories against the background of the Günzburg State Hospital serving as an assembly institution in the context of "Aktion T4." There is no certainty regarding the places of death of the four patients whose medical documentation is reported. In the patient records examined, the practice of medical description and reporting was characterized by a mixture of medical terminology, ideological diction and common language. The type of medical description and documentation used is an expression of stigmatization and discrimination of patients and of traumatizing institutional practice, and it reflects institutional violence. It is an ethical responsibility to reconstruct and commemorate the individual histories of mentally ill patients who were victims of the program of organized mass killings of people with mental illness. Places of death were camouflaged by the "Aktion T4," and there is uncertainty for many patients regarding where they were killed. PMID:22572090

Steger, Florian; Görgl, Andreas; Strube, Wolfgang; Winckelmann, Hans-J; Becker, Thomas

2011-01-01

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Radiological and scintigraphic findings in patients with a clinical history of chronic inflammatory back pain  

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The prevalence of radiological abnormalities of the sacroiliac joints, the manubriosternal joint, and the lumbar spine were assessed, and quantitative sacroiliac scintigraphy was performed in 151 patients with a history of chronic inflammatory back pain and in 31 controls with non-inflammatory back pain. Sacroiliitis was found in 124 patients (82%), manubriosternal lesions in 84 patients (56%), and lesions of the lumbar spine in 58 patients (38%). In 19 patients (13%), manubriosternal lesions provided the sole radiological abnormality and in five patients (3%) no radiological abnormality could be demonstrated at any of these sites. Quantitative sacroiliac scintigraphy showed increased values in 69 of 137 patients examined (50%), but also in 10 out of 12 control patients with disc degeneration (83%) and is, therefore, nonspecific for inflammatory lesions. Radiological examination of the manubriosternal joint is recommended in patients with inflammatory back pain without radiographic evidence of sacroiliitis. (orig.)

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Significance of dietary folate intake, homocysteine levels and MTHFR 677 C>T genotyping in South African patients diagnosed with depression: test development for clinical application.  

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Low folate intake in the presence of the functional MTHFR 677 C > T (rs1801133) polymorphism is an important cause of elevated homocysteine levels previously implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD) and many other chronic diseases. In this study the clinical relevance and inter-relationship of these aspects were evaluated in 86 South African patients diagnosed with MDD and 97 population-matched controls participating in a chronic diseases screening program. A questionnaire-based clinical and nutrition assessment was performed, homocysteine levels determined, and all study participants genotyped for MTHFR 677 C > T (rs1801133) using allele-specific TaqMan technology. The folate score was found to be significantly lower in the patient group compared to controls (p?=?0.003) and correlated with increased body mass index (BMI), particularly in females with MDD (p?=?0.009). BMI was significantly higher in the MDD patients compared with controls after adjustment for age and sex (p?=?0.015), but this association was no longer significant after further adjustment for the level of folate intake in the diet. In MDD patients but not controls, the minor T-allele of MTHFR 677 C > T was associated with increased BMI (p?=?0.032), which in turn correlated significantly with increased homocysteine levels. The significant association between BMI and homocysteine levels was observed in both the MDD patient (p?=?0.049) and control (p?=?0.018) study groups. The significantly higher homocysteine levels observed in MDD patients compared to controls after adjustment for age and sex (p?=?0.030), therefore appears to be mediated by the effects of MTHFR 677 C > T and low folate intake on BMI. Detection of the low-penetrance MTHFR 677 C > T mutation reinforces the importance of folate intake above the recommended daily dose to prevent or restore dysfunction of the methylation pathway. PMID:24532086

Delport, Darnielle; Schoeman, Renata; van der Merwe, Nicole; van der Merwe, Lize; Fisher, Leslie R; Geiger, Dieter; Kotze, Maritha J

2014-06-01

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Energy- and protein intake of surgical patients after the implementation of new hospital menus. Patients’ satisfaction with hospital food  

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Background and aims: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition at Landspítali- the National University Hospital(LSH) is 20-60%, but varies between patient groups. Changes have been made to the hospital menus towards greater energy density. The aims of this thesis were 1) to investigate energy- and protein provided by served hospital meals, 2) to investigate actual amount of energy and protein consumed from the hospital meals, 3) to investigate total amount of energy and protein consumed...

Áróra Rós Ingadóttir 1982

2014-01-01

97

BRCA1 status in Pakistani breast cancer patients with moderate family history  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

which is a common polymorphism reported in several populations including Asians. Moreover, mutations in exon 6 (c.271T > G), exon 20 (c.5231 del G) and exon 11 (c.1123 T > G) were reported first time in the Pakistani population. Several BRCA1 mutations were observed in Pakistani breast cancer patients with moderate family history. Therefore, mutation-based genetic counselling for patients with moderate family history can facilitate management, if one first or second degree relative or early onset disease is apparent. (author)

98

Aberrant crypt foci in patients with a positive family history of sporadic colorectal cancer.  

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Early detection is crucial in the prevention of colorectal cancer (CRC) deaths. The earliest detectable neoplastic lesion in the colon is the aberrant crypt foci (ACF). A major question is whether ACF are precursors of CRC, and thus, early biomarkers for CRC risk. If so, we hypothesized that the number of ACF would be higher in patients who had a family history of CRC compared to patients without. We counted ACF in the distal 20cm of colon/rectum during 103 colonoscopic examinations using a prototype Close Focus Colonoscope (Olympus Corp.) with methylene blue chromendoscopy. Each patient was asked whether they had a family history of CRC in a first degree relative, or a personal history of CRC or adenoma. Patients answering 'no' to these questions (n=17) had a mean number of ACF of 4.4; the mean was significantly higher in the patients with a positive family history of CRC (9.0, phistory of advanced adenoma (7.5, p<0.05; n=34). PMID:16950561

Stevens, Richard G; Swede, Helen; Heinen, Christopher D; Jablonski, Melissa; Grupka, Michael; Ross, Barry; Parente, Melissa; Tirnauer, Jennifer S; Giardina, Charles; Rajan, Thiruchandurai V; Rosenberg, Daniel W; Levine, Joel

2007-04-18

99

Pre-adult onset and patterns of suicidality in patients with a history of recurrent depression  

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Background: This report assesses the association between age of onset of major depression and later suicidality in a sample of 276 recurrently depressed patients recruited for the Oxford/Bangor Staying Well after Depression (SWAD) Trial, and interviewed when in remission. Methods: The study enrolled adult patients with a history of at least three episodes of non-psychotic major depressive disorder from primary care and psychiatric care practices and through community advertisements. At study ...

Williams, Jmg; Barnhofer, T.; Crane, C.; Duggan, Ds; Shah, D.; Brennan, K.; Krusche, A.; Crane, R; Eames, C.; Jones, M.; Radford, S.; Russell, It

2012-01-01

100

Hysteroscopic Findings in Patients with A History of Two Implantation Failures Following In Vitro Fertilization  

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Background: This study was designed to evaluate the incidence of uterine pathologiesin infertile women with a history of two implantation failures after in vitro fertilization(IVF) and estimate the effect of hysteroscopic correction on achieving a pregnancy inthese patients.Materials and Methods: The retrospective study population included 238 infertilewomen attended the outpatient infertility clinic between November 2007 and December2008. Patients with at least two previous IVF failures were...

Ashraf Moini; Kiandokht Kiani; Firouzeh Ghaffari; Fatemeh Hosseini

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Season of birth of breast cancer patients and its relation to patients' reproductive history in Tokyo, Japan.  

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Full Text Available Seasonal distribution of the birth dates of 405 pre-menopausal and 285 post-menopausal breast cancer patients was investigated in order to determine whether or not the season of their birth was related to various reproductive risk factors of breast cancer, including nulliparity, late age at first birth, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and a history of benign breast diseases. The seasonal distributions of births were compared between groups of patients categorized according to whether they possessed each risk factor or not, separately for pre- and post-menopausal patients. Patients with the same menopausal status generally had the same seasonal distribution of births, irrespective of whether or not they possessed a risk factor. Moreover, low-risk patients exhibited more deviation in the seasonal distribution of birth from general births than the high-risk patients. These results suggest that the distinctive seasonal distribution of birth observed in breast cancer patients is basically a phenomenon independent from the effect of the reproductive history on the occurrence of breast cancer, and that specific seasonal factors are involved at the fetal or neonatal stage in the etiology of breast cancer.

Nakao,Hiroko

1988-08-01

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Associação entre o estado nutricional e a ingestão dietética em pacientes com fibrose cística / Association between nutritional status and dietary intake in patients with cystic fibrosis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Determinar a relação entre o estado nutricional e a ingestão dietética de pacientes com fibrose cística. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 85 pacientes com fibrose cística entre 6 e 18 anos de idade. A ingestão dietética foi avaliada pelo registro alimentar de 3 dias com a pesagem dos alimen [...] tos consumidos. Os desfechos avaliados foram os seguintes indicadores do estado nutricional: percentual da relação peso/estatura (%P/E), percentil do índice de massa corpórea (IMC), escore Z para estatura/idade (E/I) e peso/idade (P/I), e percentual de ingestão dietética comparada a Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de pacientes eutróficos foi de 77,7%, considerando o IMC acima do percentil 25 como ponto de corte, e 83,5% estavam acima de 90% do %P/E. A média de ingestão, avaliada em 82 pacientes, foi de 124,5% da RDA. Nas análises de regressão logística univariada, encontrou-se uma associação significativa entre a variável independente ingestão calórica e o desfecho escore Z E/I. O modelo de análise multivariado, elaborado a partir do desfecho escore Z E/I e ajustado para idade, VEF1, colonização por Staphylococcus aureus resistente à meticilina e número de internações hospitalares, demonstrou que um aumento de 1% da ingestão calórica em relação à RDA diminui em 2% a chance de ter déficit de estatura (OR = 0,98; IC95%: 0,96-1,00). A escolaridade materna demonstrou uma associação limítrofe (p = 0,054). CONCLUSÕES: Houve baixa prevalência de desnutrição nesta amostra. O modelo de estudo demonstrou evidências da associação entre a ingestão dietética e o estado nutricional, sendo esta ingestão um fator preditor de crescimento nesses pacientes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 85 cystic fibrosis patients between 6 and 18 years of age. Dietary intake was evaluated by the 3-day diet record (weighing the food consum [...] ed). The outcome measures were the following nutritional status indicators: weight/height (W/H%) percentage, body mass index (BMI) percentiles, Z score for weight/age (W/A), Z score for height/age (H/A) and percentage of dietary intake compared with the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). RESULTS: The prevalence of well-nourished patients was 77.7%, using BMI above the 25th percentile as the cut-off value, and the W/H% was above 90% in 83.5%. The mean dietary intake, evaluated in 82 patients, was 124.5% of the RDA. In the univariate logistic regression analyses, we found a significant association between the independent variable calorie intake and the Z score for W/A. The multivariate analysis, based on the Z score for H/A and adjusted for FEV1, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization and number of hospitalizations, demonstrated that a 1% increase in the calorie intake decreases the chance of having short stature by 2% (OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-1.00). Maternal level of education showed a borderline association (p = 0.054). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of malnutrition was low in this sample of patients. The study model demonstrated an association between dietary intake and nutritional status. Dietary intake was a predictive factor of statural growth in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Míriam Isabel Souza dos Santos, Simon; Michele, Drehmer; Sérgio Saldanha, Menna-Barreto.

103

The natural history of familial cerebral cavernomas: a retrospective MRI study of 40 patients  

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Our objective was to determine the natural history and prognostic factors of familial forms of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM). Cavernomas are one of the most common central nervous system vascular malformations. Familial CCM is increasingly diagnosed, but little is known about its natural history. In a national survey, we analysed clinical and MRI features of 173 patients from 57 unrelated French families. Of these 40 had undergone at least two clinical and MRI examinations. Occurrence of haemorrhage, new lesions, change in signal intensity and size of lesions have been studied by comparison between first and last MRI studies. The CCM were classified according to Zabramski et al. Mean follow-up was 3.2 years (range 0.5-6.5 years). We followed 232 cavernomas (mean 5.9 per patient, range 1-17). Serial MRI demonstrated changes in 28 patients (70 %). Bleeding occurred in 21 lesions (9.1 %) in 14 patients (35 %). The haemorrhagic risk was 2.5 % per lesion-year, higher in type I and brain-stem CCM. We saw 23 new lesions appear in 11 patients (27.5 %), with an incidence of 0.2 lesions per patient year. Signal change was observed in 11 patients (27.5 %), in 14 lesions (6 %), while 9 lesions (3.9 %) in 9 patients (22.5 %) changed significantly in size. (orig.)

104

Children's Daily Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Associations with Maternal Intake and Child Weight Status  

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Objective: To evaluate associations between children's and their mothers' fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and children's FV intake and weight status. Methods: Mothers (n = 39) residing in Philadelphia, PA completed a subsection of the Diet History Questionnaire assessing their FV intake. Mothers also completed this questionnaire to estimate FV…

Miller, Paige; Moore, Renee H.; Kral, Tanja V. E.

2011-01-01

105

The natural history of interferon-? induced thyroiditis in chronic hepatitis c patients: a long term study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Autoimmune thyroid disease is a common complication of patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing combination pegylated interferon-? and ribavirin treatment. A small proportion develops interferon-induced thyroiditis of which the long term natural history is unknown and how it compares with de novo thyroiditis. The aim of the study is to determine the natural history of thyroid disease including antibody profile in this particular setting 36 months from the completion of therapy. Methods A cohort of 18 hepatitis C patients (mean age 45 ± 8 years (standard deviation who developed exclusively thyroiditis in this setting was followed every 12 months after the completion of therapy for 36 months. Investigations included thyrotropin, free tetra-iodothyronine, free tri-iodothyronine levels and thyroid autoantibodies. Results None of the patients developed any long term thyroid disease. Two patients had a prolonged hypothyroid phase of the thyroiditis early after the completion of treatment but recovered fully. The remaining 16 patients remained euthyroid. Similarly, thyroid autoantibodies all declined and returned to reference range. Conclusions The long term natural history in this small series of interferon induced thyroiditis was benign. If a larger series confirms a similar outcome then there is no long term residual effect on thyroid function and follow-up testing would not be warranted.

Tran Huy A

2011-01-01

106

The prevalence and impact of trauma history in eating disorder patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Early experiences of traumatic events (TEs may be associated with subsequent eating disturbance. However, few studies have investigated overall exposure and trauma-type frequency in various types of eating disorders (EDs. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and type of TEs in a nationally representative sample of Swedish ED patients. Method: Data from a database (Stepwise for specialized ED care were used. Trauma history was assessed as a part of the routine, initial assessment. Participants over the age of 18 with a diagnosed DSM-IV ED were included (N=4,524. Results: The number of patients having experienced at least one TE was 843 (18.6%, and 204 (24.2% reported at least one additional trauma. Sexual trauma was the most common form of TE (6.3%. There was no difference in overall traumatic exposure or in type of experienced trauma between the ED diagnostic subgroups (AN, BN, EDNOS, and BED. Overall traumatic exposure was linked to self-reported severity of ED symptoms, more secondary psychosocial impairment, psychiatric comorbidity, and negative self-image. Conclusions: Trauma history in ED patients merits attention. Results are partly in line with and partly in contrast to previous research. Measurement of trauma history has varied substantially in research on EDs, and this study adds to the indistinct literature on trauma history in ED.

Klas Backholm

2013-11-01

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Natural history and surgical results in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The management of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is controversial. We aimed to assess the natural history of UIAs and evaluate the surgical results. We analyzed 154 patients (181 saccular UIAs) with no history of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from a different aneurysm. Aneurysms were detected by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) or by 3-dimensional CT angiography. Although the most frequent reason for the diagnosis was routine brain examinations of healthy patients or a vague symptom such as headache or dizziness, 15 patients were symptomatic. The natural history in patients who did not have surgery (follow-up group: 76 cases, 95 aneurysms) was assessed, and the surgical outcome of UIAs (surgical group: 78 cases, 86 aneurysms) was evaluated. Among 76 patients in the follow-up group, 7 had SAH. The mean latency period to aneurysm rupture was 3.2 months. The aneurysms with subsequent bleeding ranged from 5 to 25 mm (19.3 mm on average), whereas those without ranged from 1 to 28 mm (4.5 mm on average). The rupture rates of UIAs in anterior and posterior circulation were 6.2% and 14.3%, respectively. All ruptured cases were females. Mortality and morbidity associated with UIAs in the follow-up group were 3.9% and 3.9%, respectively. In the surgical group, no mortality was noted. Permanent morbidity associated with prospective repair of UIAs was 5.1%, although the morbidity of the patients with preoperative Rankin scores of 0 or 1 was 1.3%. Transve Rankin scores of 0 or 1 was 1.3%. Transient morbidity was observed in 6 patients (7.7%) with the size of the aneurysm 19.8 mm on average. The natural history and surgical results in patients with UIAs are modified by several factors including aneurysm size and location, the patient's age and gender, the medical status and the patient's preoperative Rankin score. The present results indicated that these factors should be considered in deciding whether to treat UIAs, and that careful assessment of the surgical benefits might be essential especially in the cases of larger aneurysm size (more than 15 mm) because they are associated either with a greater risk of rupture or with a higher surgical risk. (author)

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Dietary intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction in coronary artery disease patients with or without diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study  

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Background: A beneficial effect of a high n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) intake has been observed in heart failure patients, who are frequently insulin resistant. We investigated the potential influence of impaired glucose metabolism on the relation between dietary intake of n-3 LCPUFAs and risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with coronary artery disease.

Methods: This prospective cohort study was based on the Western Norway B-Vitamin...

Strand, Elin; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Svingen, Gard Frodal; Schartum-hansen, Hall; Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Bjørndal, Bodil; Seifert, Reinhard; Bohov, Pavol; Meyer, Klaus; Hiltunen, J. Kalervo; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Berge, Rolf K.; Nyga?rd, Ottar

2013-01-01

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Multidisciplinary Treatment Approach in a Patient with History of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma  

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Radiotherapy in NPC patients has side effects on the dentition, which affects quality of life dramatically. This case report presents multidisciplinary dental treatment approach in a 17-year-old male patient with a history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The adolescent patient applied to dental hospital 4 years after the radiotherapy with aesthetic and functional problems on dentition affecting psychological, social, and physical aspects of his life. The dentition of the patient demonstrated the severe destruction as a devastating side effect of radiotherapy. With a successful multidisciplinary approach, our patient's aesthetics, function, and self-confidence were obtained. Well-established procedures, which include preventative care and maintenance, can reduce the duration and expenses of the treatment and help in challenging the life-long complications of radiotherapy. PMID:24523971

Yavuz, Atacan; Agral?, Omer Birkan; Cal?skan, Zeynep Lale; Turkayd?n, Dilek; Sertgoz, Atilla; Dogan, Basak

2014-01-01

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Multidisciplinary treatment approach in a patient with history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.  

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Radiotherapy in NPC patients has side effects on the dentition, which affects quality of life dramatically. This case report presents multidisciplinary dental treatment approach in a 17-year-old male patient with a history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The adolescent patient applied to dental hospital 4 years after the radiotherapy with aesthetic and functional problems on dentition affecting psychological, social, and physical aspects of his life. The dentition of the patient demonstrated the severe destruction as a devastating side effect of radiotherapy. With a successful multidisciplinary approach, our patient's aesthetics, function, and self-confidence were obtained. Well-established procedures, which include preventative care and maintenance, can reduce the duration and expenses of the treatment and help in challenging the life-long complications of radiotherapy. PMID:24523971

Yavuz, Atacan; A?ral?, Omer Birkan; Cal??kan, Zeynep Lale; Türkayd?n, Dilek; Sertgöz, Atilla; Kuru, Bahar; Do?an, Ba?ak

2014-01-01

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Protein intake and the use of levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease / Ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish La levodopa es el principal tratamiento farmacológico para la enfermedad de Parkinson, sin embargo, la proteína de la dieta puede comprometer su eficacia. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson tratados en r [...] égimen ambulatorio, 34 pacientes fueron evaluados. Evaluación de la ingesta de alimentos por los registros, tomas de 1762 kcal/día, 70.9 g/día, el 16,6% del total de energía y 1.1 g/kg/dia de energía y proteína, respectivamente, y que la ingesta de proteínas durante el día era 70,4% del total de proteínas diario. Todos los pacientes estaban tomando levodopa y 47,1% consumían sus medicamentos con las comidas. Se concluyó que, según las recomendaciones para la enfermedad de Parkinson, los pacientes estudiados consumían una dieta rica en proteínas y con una mayor concentración de este nutriente durante el día. Aproximadamente la mitad de la muestra ingiere los medicamentos con la comida, costumbre que puede afectar el tratamiento farmacológico de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Levodopa is the principal pharmacological treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD); however the protein content in diet may compromise its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of protein intake and the use of levodopa in ambulatory patients with PD. Thirty four PD p [...] atients were assessed for protein intake, evaluating the relation energy-protein intake by means of a register. An intake of 1762 kcal/day, 70.9 g of protein/day equivalent to 16.6% of the total energy intake as protein at a level of 1.1 g/kg bw/day. Of all patients, 47.1% took their medications with meals. We conclude that the studied patients consume more protein in their diet than those recommended for PD, with half the sample taking the medications with meals, which may affect the treatment.

Bianca, de Moraes Fracasso; Maite, Barcelos Morais; Rosane, Gomez; Arlete, Hilbig; Estela, Iraci Rabito.

2013-06-01

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Protein intake and the use of levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease / Ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: English Abstract in spanish La levodopa es el principal tratamiento farmacológico para la enfermedad de Parkinson, sin embargo, la proteína de la dieta puede comprometer su eficacia. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la ingesta de proteínas y el uso de la levodopa en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson tratados en r [...] égimen ambulatorio, 34 pacientes fueron evaluados. Evaluación de la ingesta de alimentos por los registros, tomas de 1762 kcal/día, 70.9 g/día, el 16,6% del total de energía y 1.1 g/kg/dia de energía y proteína, respectivamente, y que la ingesta de proteínas durante el día era 70,4% del total de proteínas diario. Todos los pacientes estaban tomando levodopa y 47,1% consumían sus medicamentos con las comidas. Se concluyó que, según las recomendaciones para la enfermedad de Parkinson, los pacientes estudiados consumían una dieta rica en proteínas y con una mayor concentración de este nutriente durante el día. Aproximadamente la mitad de la muestra ingiere los medicamentos con la comida, costumbre que puede afectar el tratamiento farmacológico de la enfermedad. Abstract in english Levodopa is the principal pharmacological treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD); however the protein content in diet may compromise its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of protein intake and the use of levodopa in ambulatory patients with PD. Thirty four PD p [...] atients were assessed for protein intake, evaluating the relation energy-protein intake by means of a register. An intake of 1762 kcal/day, 70.9 g of protein/day equivalent to 16.6% of the total energy intake as protein at a level of 1.1 g/kg bw/day. Of all patients, 47.1% took their medications with meals. We conclude that the studied patients consume more protein in their diet than those recommended for PD, with half the sample taking the medications with meals, which may affect the treatment.

Bianca, de Moraes Fracasso; Maite, Barcelos Morais; Rosane, Gomez; Arlete, Hilbig; Estela, Iraci Rabito.

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Rehabilitation of a patient with an elusive medical history and loss of occlusal vertical dimension.  

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In this clinical report, we describe the medical history, diagnosis and prosthodontic treatment of a 61-year-old man with a previous history of oral cancer. Loss of a full upper denture and severe erosion of his teeth prompted the patient to seek treatment at the dental clinic at the British Columbia Cancer Agency. Although he stated that he was being treated for a sleeping disorder, hospital records revealed multiple recent admissions for alcoholism and depression. The patient's limited finances prevented complex restoration of worn lower dentition; thus, definitive treatment consisted of extraction of teeth with a poor prognosis, removal of a glandular odontogenic cyst and fabrication of a full maxillary prosthesis and a removable mandibular cast-metal overlay. PMID:23763727

Wong, Angela T T; Nguyen, Caroline T

2013-01-01

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A Short Bowel (Small Intestine = 40 cm), No Ileocecal Valve, and Colonic Inertia Patient Works Well with Oral Intake Alone without Parenteral Nutrition  

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We present a 50-year-old male who suffered from ischemic bowel disease, having undergone massive resection of small intestine and ileocecal valve. He had to cope with 40?cm proximal jejunum and 70?cm distal colon remaining. In the postoperative period parenteral nutrition (PN) was used immediately for nutrition support and electrolyte imbalance correction. We gave him home PN as regular recommendation for the short bowel status after discharge from hospital. This patient has tolerated regular oral intake 2 months later and did not develop significant short bowel syndrome. There were several episodes of venous access infection which troubled this patient and admitted him for treatment during home PN. Therefore, we changed home PN to cyclic tapering pattern. The patient could maintain his nutrition and hydration with oral intake alone after tapering home PN 15 months later. He has survived more than one year without PN support and still maintained 80% ideal body weight with average albumin of 3.5 ± 0.2?mg/dL. Although patient was hospitalized every two months to supplement nutrients, however, this has greatly improved the quality of life. PMID:25018889

Tang, Hsiu-Chih; Yang, Hui-Lan

2014-01-01

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Celiac disease diagnosed after uncomplicated pregnancy in a patient with history of bulimia nervosa  

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Introduction. The association between celiac disease and eating disorders has been very rarely reported. This is the first report on celiac disease associated with bulimia in this part of Europe. Case report. An adult female patient with history of bulimia and one uncomplicated pregnancy was admitted to the Gastroenterology Department, due to long lasting dyspeptic symptoms, constipation, major weight loss and fatigue. After positive serological screening, the diagnosis of celiac diseas...

Milisavljevi? Nemanja; Cvetkovi? Mirjana; Nikoli? Goran; Filipovi? Branka; Milini? Nikola

2013-01-01

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Plantar pressure distribution patterns during gait in diabetic neuropathy patients with a history of foot ulcers  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the influence of a previous history of foot ulcers on plantar pressure variables during gait of patients with diabetic neuropathy. INTRODUCTION: Foot ulcers may be an indicator of worsening diabetic neuropathy. However, the behavior of plantar pressure patterns over time and during the progression of neuropathy, especially in patients who have a clinical history of foot ulcers, is still unclear. METHODS: Subjects were divided into the following groups: control group, 20 subjects; diabetic neuropathy patients without foot ulcers, 17 subjects; and diabetic neuropathy patients with at least one healed foot ulcer within the last year, 10 subjects. Plantar pressure distribution was recorded during barefoot gait using the Pedar-X system. RESULTS: Neuropathic subjects from both the diabetic neuropathy and DNU groups showed higher plantar pressure than control subjects. At midfoot, the peak pressure was significantly different among all groups: control group (139.4±76.4 kPa, diabetic neuropathy (205.3±118.6 kPa and DNU (290.7±151.5 kPa (p=0.008. The pressure-time integral was significantly higher in the ulcerated neuropathic groups at midfoot (CG: 37.3±11.4 kPa.s; DN: 43.3±9.1 kPa.s; DNU: 68.7±36.5 kPa.s; p=0.002 and rearfoot (CG: 83.3±21.2 kPa.s; DN: 94.9±29.4 kPa.s; DNU: 102.5±37.9 kPa.s; p=0.048. CONCLUSION: A history of foot ulcers in the clinical history of diabetic neuropathy subjects influenced plantar pressure distribution, resulting in an increased load under the midfoot and rearfoot and an increase in the variability of plantar pressure during barefoot gait. The progression of diabetic neuropathy was not found to influence plantar pressure distribution.

Tatiana Almeida Bacarin

2009-02-01

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Plantar pressure distribution patterns during gait in diabetic neuropathy patients with a history of foot ulcers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the influence of a previous history of foot ulcers on plantar pressure variables during gait of patients with diabetic neuropathy. INTRODUCTION: Foot ulcers may be an indicator of worsening diabetic neuropathy. However, the behavior of plantar pressure patterns [...] over time and during the progression of neuropathy, especially in patients who have a clinical history of foot ulcers, is still unclear. METHODS: Subjects were divided into the following groups: control group, 20 subjects; diabetic neuropathy patients without foot ulcers, 17 subjects; and diabetic neuropathy patients with at least one healed foot ulcer within the last year, 10 subjects. Plantar pressure distribution was recorded during barefoot gait using the Pedar-X system. RESULTS: Neuropathic subjects from both the diabetic neuropathy and DNU groups showed higher plantar pressure than control subjects. At midfoot, the peak pressure was significantly different among all groups: control group (139.4±76.4 kPa), diabetic neuropathy (205.3±118.6 kPa) and DNU (290.7±151.5 kPa) (p=0.008). The pressure-time integral was significantly higher in the ulcerated neuropathic groups at midfoot (CG: 37.3±11.4 kPa.s; DN: 43.3±9.1 kPa.s; DNU: 68.7±36.5 kPa.s; p=0.002) and rearfoot (CG: 83.3±21.2 kPa.s; DN: 94.9±29.4 kPa.s; DNU: 102.5±37.9 kPa.s; p=0.048). CONCLUSION: A history of foot ulcers in the clinical history of diabetic neuropathy subjects influenced plantar pressure distribution, resulting in an increased load under the midfoot and rearfoot and an increase in the variability of plantar pressure during barefoot gait. The progression of diabetic neuropathy was not found to influence plantar pressure distribution.

Tatiana Almeida, Bacarin; Isabel C. N., Sacco; Ewald M., Hennig.

2009-02-01

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ColoPulse tablets perform comparably in healthy volunteers and Crohn's patients and show no influence of food and time of food intake on bioavailability.  

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ColoPulse tablets are an innovative development in the field of oral drug delivery and are characterized by a colon-specific release. Until now ColoPulse dosage forms (only capsules) have been studied in healthy volunteers having a standardized breakfast three hours after administration but not in specific patient groups and not with a shorter interval between administration and breakfast. Information on bioavailability and release characteristics of ColoPulse tablets in Crohn's patients and the influence of food and time of food intake is a prerequisite to properly design future clinical studies with active substances in these patients. In the current cross-over study bioavailability and drug release characteristics of ColoPulse tablets were compared in healthy volunteers and in Crohn's patients in remission. Furthermore the influence of food and time of food intake on the in vivo drug release behavior of ColoPulse tablets was investigated. In this study the dual label isotope strategy was used which means that a ColoPulse tablet containing (13)C-urea and an uncoated, immediate release tablet containing (15)N2-urea were taken simultaneously. Breath and urine samples were collected during the test day for isotope analysis. The appearance of the stable isotopes in breath and/or urine provides information on the site of release from the dosage form, release characteristics and bioavailability. Both tablets were administered on two different days in a cross-over design: the first day with a breakfast (non-standardized) one hour after administration and the second day with a standardized breakfast three hours after administration of the tablets. There was no difference in instructions for administration between both days. Results of 16 healthy volunteers and 14 Crohn's patients were evaluated. At least 86% (51 out of 59) of all ColoPulse tablets administered in this study released their contents at the desired intestinal region. There was no significant difference in bioavailability between healthy volunteers and Crohn's patients on both days (day 1 75.8% vs 90.2%, p=0.070 and day 2 83.4% vs 91.4%, p=0.265). There was also no significant influence of food and time of food intake on bioavailability in healthy volunteers (75.8% and 83.4%, p=0.077) and in Crohn's patients (90.2% and 91.4%, p=0.618) when day 1 and day 2 were compared. Release characteristics did not significantly differ between healthy volunteers and Crohn's patients. However, food and time of food intake had some, clinically non-relevant, influence on the release characteristics within both groups which is in line with the fact that food affects gastro-intestinal transit times. This study shows that ColoPulse tablets enable the site-specific delivery of drugs or other compounds (e.g. diagnostics) deep in the ileo-colonic region of the intestine of Crohn's patients in a comparable amount and rate as in healthy volunteers. Food and time of food intake had no relevant influence on bioavailability. In conclusion ColoPulse delivery systems are promising and deserve further research for local therapy with immunosuppressive drugs in Crohn's patients in the near future. PMID:24096020

Maurer, J M; Schellekens, R C A; van Rieke, H M; Stellaard, F; Wutzke, K D; Buurman, D J; Dijkstra, G; Woerdenbag, H J; Frijlink, H W; Kosterink, J G W

2013-12-28

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Reduced gray matter volume in psychotic disorder patients with a history of childhood sexual abuse  

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Childhood trauma is associated with smaller gray matter volume, similar to the pattern seen in psychotic disorders. We explored the relationship between childhood abuse, psychosis, and brain volume in a group of 60 individuals with a psychotic disorder and 26 healthy control subjects. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to quantify gray and white matter volume and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) to measure childhood abuse. Within the psychotic disorders group, total gray matter volume was inversely correlated with the severity of childhood sexual abuse (r=?.34, p=.008), but not other types of abuse. When the 24 patients with sexual abuse were compared with demographically matched samples of 23 patients without sexual abuse and 26 control subjects, only patients with a history of sexual abuse had reduced total gray matter volume (t(48) = 2.3, p = .03; Cohen’s d = .63). Voxel-based analysis revealed a cluster in the prefrontal cortex where volume was negatively correlated with sexual abuse severity. Voxel based comparison of the three matched groups revealed a similar pattern of results, with widespread reductions in psychosis patients with sexual abuse relative to controls that were not found in psychosis patients without sexual abuse. These findings indicate that some of the variance of gray matter volume in psychotic disorders can be explained by a history of sexual abuse. PMID:23178105

Sheffield, Julia M.; Williams, Lisa E.; Woodward, Neil D.; Heckers, Stephan

2012-01-01

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Chronic diarrhea due to duodenal candidiasis in a patient with a history of kidney transplantation.  

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Candida infection in the small intestine is uncommon. We report an unusual case of duodenal candidiasis that presented as chronic diarrhea in a patient who had previously undergone kidney transplantation. A 60-year-old man presented with profuse watery diarrhea that had lasted 6 months 13 years after kidney transplantation. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy results indicated candidiasis within the esophagus and duodenum. Biopsy results revealed active duodenitis with hyphal and yeast forms of Candida overlying the duodenal epithelium in periodic acid Schiff staining. The patient was successfully treated with fluconazole. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient had no complaint of diarrhea. Duodenal candidiasis may be the result of chronic diarrhea in patients with a history of kidney transplantation. PMID:25362226

Nouri-Majalan, Nader; Moghaddasi, Sarasadat; Qane, Mohammad Davud; Shefaie, Farzane; Masoumi Dehshiri, Roghayyeh; Amirbaigy, Mohammad Kassem; Baghbanian, Mahmoud

2014-11-01

 
 
 
 
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Voice Related Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients with a History of Prematurity  

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Objective To determine incidence of dysphonia in patients with history of prematurity and evaluate the correlation between dysphonia and risk factors unique to premature infants. The aim of this study is to determine parent-perceived vocal quality in patients with history of prematurity and whether duration of intubation, number of intubations, and incidence of patent ductus arteriosus repair were correlated with these perceptions. Methods Cohort study of premature patients presenting to outpatient clinics from January 2010 to January 2013 in tertiary care center. Patients gestational age ? 37 weeks at birth without history of tracheostomy or known vocal fold pathology were eligible. A volunteer sample was obtained from patients presenting in Otolaryngology clinics from January 2010 through January 2013 whose parents agreed to complete surveys. Outcomes were assessed via parental completion of pediatric voice outcomes score (pVOS) and pediatric voice-related quality of life (pVRQOL) instruments. The primary outcome assessed was the incidence of dysphonia in infants with a history of prematurity without known vocal pathology. Additionally, patient factors associated with dysphonia were evaluated. The hypothesis tested was formulated prior to data collection. Results Sixty-nine participants were included. Mean age at follow-up was 28 (3–197) months. Mean gestational age was 29 (23–37) weeks. Mean intubation duration was 3 (0–22) weeks and median number of intubations was 1 (range 0–5). Voice outcome scores varied widely with pVRQOL scores demonstrating a mean of 89.2 ±18.1 (25–100) and pVOS with a mean of 11.4±2.2 (0–13). Univariate analysis utilized Spearman correlation coefficients for continuous variables and Wilcoxon Two-sample test for categorical groups. Significance was set at p<0.05. All significant univariate associations were placed in a multivariate model. Duration of intubation ?4 weeks was the only factor which correlated with dysphonia on multivariate analysis (p=0.0028, OR=6.4, 95% CI=1.9–21.6). Conclusions The data suggest that prolonged intubation is associated with poorer long term parent-perceived voice quality in premature patients. Further study is required to correlate parent perceptions with objective vocal quality data and physical findings of vocal pathology. These data may increase the clinician’s suspicion for and evaluation of dysphonia in this population. PMID:24768275

Walz, Patrick C; Hubbell, Michael P; Elmaraghy, Charles A

2014-01-01

122

Fiber intake and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  

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This systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) aimed to analyze the effect of fiber intake on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Databases were searched up to November 2012 using the following medical subject headings: diabetes, fiber, and randomized controlled trial. Absolute changes in glycated hemoglobin and fasting plasma glucose were reported as differences between baseline and end-of-study measures. Pooled estimates were obtained using random-effects models. Of the 22,046 articles initially identified, 11 (13 comparisons; range of duration, 8-24 weeks) fulfilled the inclusion criteria, providing data from 605 patients. High-fiber diets, including diets with foods rich in fiber (up to 42.5?g/day; four studies) or supplements containing soluble fiber (up to 15.0?g/day; nine studies), reduced absolute values of glycated hemoglobin by 0.55% (95% CI -0.96 to -0.13) and fasting plasma glucose by 9.97?mg/dL (95% CI -18.16 to -1.78). In conclusion, increased fiber intake improved glycemic control, indicating it should be considered as an adjunctive tool in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. PMID:24180564

Silva, Flávia M; Kramer, Caroline K; de Almeida, Jussara C; Steemburgo, Thais; Gross, Jorge Luiz; Azevedo, Mirela J

2013-12-01

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CORRELATIONS BETWEEN AWARENESS OF ILLNESS (INSIGHT AND HISTORY OF ADDICTION IN HEROIN-ADDICTED PATIENTS  

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Full Text Available In a group of 1066 heroin addicts, who were seeking treatment for opioid agonist treatment, we looked for differences in historical, demographic and clinical characteristics, between patients with different levels of awareness of illness (insight. The results showed that, in the cohort studied, a majority of subjects lacked insight into their heroin-use behaviour. Compared with the impaired-insight group, those who possessed insight into their illness showed significantly greater awareness of past social, somatic and psychopathological impairments, and had a greater number of past treatment-seeking events for heroin addiction. In contrast with other psychiatric illnesses, the presence of awareness appears to be related to the passing of time and to the worsening of the illness. Methodologies to improve the insight of patients should, therefore, be targeted more directly on patients early in their history of heroin dependence, because the risk of lack of insight is greatest during this period.

IcroMaremmani

2012-07-01

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Severe argatroban-induced coagulopathy in a patient with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.  

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Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is a serious complication of heparin therapy, and it remains a therapeutic challenge in the subset of patients requiring cardiopulmonary bypass. Alternative anticoagulation strategies include lepirudin, danaparoid, bivalirudin, and argatroban, or a combination of unfractionated heparin with a platelet antagonist. Argatroban is eliminated by a hepatic route, making it a practical option for patients with renal insufficiency. However, the lack of an effective antidote poses a significant problem. We present a patient with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis who underwent a redo aortic valve replacement. Although the level of anticoagulation achieved with argatroban was initially adequate, its persistence after the completion of cardiopulmonary bypass proved to be life threatening. PMID:15560992

Gasparovic, Hrvoje; Nathan, Nadia S; Fitzgerald, Daniel; Aranki, Sary F

2004-12-01

125

Assessment of Risk of Violent Behavior in Female Psychiatric Patients with a Criminal History  

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Full Text Available We present the results of study of illegal actions predictors in individuals with mental disorders and discuss the specific features of female criminality. On a sample of 69 patients with a diagnosis of organic mental disorder and schizophrenia, with criminal histories, we applied clinical and psychological hermeneutic analysis, used questionnaires to determine the self-assessments of patients, self-control diagnosis, self-regulation style features, diagnosis of aggression and hostility, coping strategies, destructive attitudes in interpersonal relationships. It made possible to identify clinical, social and pathopsychological factors of aggressive behavior in forensic patients. These individual psychological characteristics of mentally ill women will improve the prognosis of their aggressive behavior, implement differentiated preventive measures in the hospital and to establish appropriate intervention programs

Makurina A.P.,

2014-11-01

126

Influencia de la temperatura en la ingesta de pacientes hospitalizados / Influence of temperature on food intake in hospitalized patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes y objetivos: La prevalencia de desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados es muy elevada y se ha demostrado que constituye un factor pronóstico importante. La mayoría de los pacientes ingresados dependen de la comida hospitalaria para cubrir sus requerimientos nutricionales siendo imp [...] ortante el análisis de los factores que influyen en la ingesta y que se puedan modificar, para conseguir mejorarla y así evitar las consecuencias derivadas de una nutrición inadecuada. En anteriores trabajos se ha demostrado que una de las características de la comida peor valoradas por los pacientes es la temperatura. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la influencia de la temperatura en la satisfacción y cantidad ingerida en función de que se sirviese o no en carros isotérmicos que mantienen una temperatura adecuada de la comida. Material y métodos: Se realizaron encuestas de satisfacción a pacientes del hospital con y sin carros isotérmicos con dietas basales. Se recogieron los siguientes datos: edad, sexo, peso, número de visitas, movilidad, autonomía, cantidad de medicación por vía oral, ingestión de alimentos traídos de fuera del hospital, calificación de la temperatura, presentación y humedad, cantidad de comida ingerida y motivos por los que no se ingirió todo el contenido del carro isotérmico. Resultados: De las 363 encuestas, 134 de ellas (37,96%) se realizaron en pacientes con bandeja térmica y 229 (62,04%) en pacientes sin ella. El 60% de los pacientes referían haber comido menos de lo normal en la última semana siendo la causa más frecuente la disminución de apetito. En el almuerzo y cena comieron la mitad o menos del contenido de la bandeja el 69,3% y 67,7% respectivamente, siendo las causas más frecuentes las siguientes: la falta de apetito (42% en almuerzo y 40% en cena), no gustarles la comida (24,3 y 26,2%) y el sabor (15,3 y 16,8%). Otras causas menos frecuentes fueron el olor, la cantidad de comida, presentar náuseas o vómitos, cansancio y falta de autonomía. No hubo diferencias significativas en la cantidad de ingesta en función del sexo, peso, número de visitas, cantidad de medicación y grado de actividad. La temperatura de la comida fue clasificada como buena por el 62% de los pacientes, la presentación por el 95% y la humedad por el 85%. Al comparar a los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, no hubo diferencias en las características basales analizadas que pudiesen influir en la cantidad ingerida. Calificaron la temperatura como buena un 90% de los pacientes con carro isotérmico y un 57,2% sistema tradicional, siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,000). Además hubo diferencias en la cantidad de comida ingerida entre los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, de modo que se lo comieron todo un 41% frente al 27,7% respectivamente siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,007). No hubo diferencias en la calificación de humedad y presentación. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes (60%) presentan disminución de apetito durante el ingreso. La proporción de ingresados que califican la temperatura como buena es mayor en los pacientes con el sistema de carros isotérmicos. La cantidad ingerida por los pacientes con carros isotérmicos es significativamente mayor que en los pacientes sin ellos. Abstract in english Background and objectives: Prevalence of hyponutrition in hospitalized patients is very high and it has been shown to be an important prognostic factor. Most of admitted patients depend on hospital food to cover their nutritional demands being important to assess the factors influencing their intake [...] , which may be modified in order to improve it and prevent the consequences of inadequate feeding. In previous works, it has been shown that one of the worst scored characteristics of dishes was the temperature. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of temperature on patient's satisfaction and amount eaten dependin

I., González Molero; G., Olveira Fuster; M. I., Liébana; L., Oliva; M., Laínez López; A., Muñoz Aguilar.

2008-02-01

127

Influencia de la temperatura en la ingesta de pacientes hospitalizados / Influence of temperature on food intake in hospitalized patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes y objetivos: La prevalencia de desnutrición en los pacientes hospitalizados es muy elevada y se ha demostrado que constituye un factor pronóstico importante. La mayoría de los pacientes ingresados dependen de la comida hospitalaria para cubrir sus requerimientos nutricionales siendo imp [...] ortante el análisis de los factores que influyen en la ingesta y que se puedan modificar, para conseguir mejorarla y así evitar las consecuencias derivadas de una nutrición inadecuada. En anteriores trabajos se ha demostrado que una de las características de la comida peor valoradas por los pacientes es la temperatura. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la influencia de la temperatura en la satisfacción y cantidad ingerida en función de que se sirviese o no en carros isotérmicos que mantienen una temperatura adecuada de la comida. Material y métodos: Se realizaron encuestas de satisfacción a pacientes del hospital con y sin carros isotérmicos con dietas basales. Se recogieron los siguientes datos: edad, sexo, peso, número de visitas, movilidad, autonomía, cantidad de medicación por vía oral, ingestión de alimentos traídos de fuera del hospital, calificación de la temperatura, presentación y humedad, cantidad de comida ingerida y motivos por los que no se ingirió todo el contenido del carro isotérmico. Resultados: De las 363 encuestas, 134 de ellas (37,96%) se realizaron en pacientes con bandeja térmica y 229 (62,04%) en pacientes sin ella. El 60% de los pacientes referían haber comido menos de lo normal en la última semana siendo la causa más frecuente la disminución de apetito. En el almuerzo y cena comieron la mitad o menos del contenido de la bandeja el 69,3% y 67,7% respectivamente, siendo las causas más frecuentes las siguientes: la falta de apetito (42% en almuerzo y 40% en cena), no gustarles la comida (24,3 y 26,2%) y el sabor (15,3 y 16,8%). Otras causas menos frecuentes fueron el olor, la cantidad de comida, presentar náuseas o vómitos, cansancio y falta de autonomía. No hubo diferencias significativas en la cantidad de ingesta en función del sexo, peso, número de visitas, cantidad de medicación y grado de actividad. La temperatura de la comida fue clasificada como buena por el 62% de los pacientes, la presentación por el 95% y la humedad por el 85%. Al comparar a los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, no hubo diferencias en las características basales analizadas que pudiesen influir en la cantidad ingerida. Calificaron la temperatura como buena un 90% de los pacientes con carro isotérmico y un 57,2% sistema tradicional, siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,000). Además hubo diferencias en la cantidad de comida ingerida entre los pacientes con y sin carro isotérmico, de modo que se lo comieron todo un 41% frente al 27,7% respectivamente siendo esta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (P = 0,007). No hubo diferencias en la calificación de humedad y presentación. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes (60%) presentan disminución de apetito durante el ingreso. La proporción de ingresados que califican la temperatura como buena es mayor en los pacientes con el sistema de carros isotérmicos. La cantidad ingerida por los pacientes con carros isotérmicos es significativamente mayor que en los pacientes sin ellos. Abstract in english Background and objectives: Prevalence of hyponutrition in hospitalized patients is very high and it has been shown to be an important prognostic factor. Most of admitted patients depend on hospital food to cover their nutritional demands being important to assess the factors influencing their intake [...] , which may be modified in order to improve it and prevent the consequences of inadequate feeding. In previous works, it has been shown that one of the worst scored characteristics of dishes was the temperature. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of temperature on patient's satisfaction and amount eaten dependin

I., González Molero; G., Olveira Fuster; M. I., Liébana; L., Oliva; M., Laínez López; A., Muñoz Aguilar.

128

Suicide attempts via drug intake  

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Full Text Available Objective In this study socio-demographic and psychiatric evaluation of the patients who attempted suicide by drug intake was aimed. Material and Methods Patients over the age of 18 who agreed to participate in our study and admitted to the emergency department with conscious suicidal behavior between January 2009-January 2011 were enrolled in this prospective study. Results A total of 122 patients were enrolled in the study. The most majority of the patients were consisted of female gender (68.9% in the 18-24 age group single unemployed graduate from elementary or high school a member of a large family including 4-5 people with a monthly income below TL 1000 and the individuals were found to be in economic distress. Chronic systemic disease psychiatric disorders and suicide attempts in the past and a family history of suicide attempts were statistically significantly increased the assets of suicidal thinking. Most of the patients were diagnosed as depression and anxiety disorders and they were recommended to use psychiatric drug therapy and psychiatric follow-up support to come again. Conclusion Suicide motion a method that is applied as a result of the social economic familial and psychiatric problems with which individual faces is a way of expressing oneself or a way of alternative solution according to the individual. Through the support given to individuals having suicide tendency a decrease in suicide risk among the mentioned people can be actualized. For this purpose the socio -demographic features of patients attempted suicide must be well known and must be evaluated by psychiatry.

Ufuk Saracoglu

2014-01-01

129

Suicide attempts via drug intake  

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Full Text Available Objective: In this study, socio-demographic and psychiatric evaluation of the patients who attempted suicide by drug intake was aimed. Material and Methods: Patients over the age of 18, who agreed to participate in our study, and admitted to the emergency department with conscious suicidal behavior between January 2009-January 2011 were enrolled in this prospective study. Results: A total of 122 patients were enrolled in the study. The most majority of the patients were consisted of female gender (68.9%, in the 18-24 age group, single, unemployed, graduate from elementary or high school, a member of a large family including 4-5 people, with a monthly income below TL 1000, and the individuals were found to be in economic distress. Chronic systemic disease, psychiatric disorders, and suicide attempts in the past, and a family history of suicide attempts were statistically significantly increased the assets of suicidal thinking. Most of the patients were diagnosed as depression and anxiety disorders, and they were recommended to use psychiatric drug therapy and psychiatric follow-up support to come again. Conclusion: Suicide motion, a method that is applied as a result of the social, economic, familial and psychiatric problems, with which individual faces, is a way of expressing oneself or a way of alternative solution according to the individual. Through the support given to individuals having suicide tendency, a decrease in suicide risk among the mentioned people can be actualized. For this purpose, the socio -demographic features of patients attempted suicide must be well known and must be evaluated by psychiatry.

Ufuk Saraço?lu

2014-01-01

130

Dietary intake of female bariatric patients after anti-obesity gastroplasty / Ingestão dietética de pacientes bariátricas femininas após gastroplastia anti-obesidade  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: A gastroplastia com anastomose gastrojejunal em Y de Roux é uma operação popular e bem sucedida no tratamento da obesidade grave. Ela restringe seriamente a ingestão e moderadamente a absorção do alimento, potencialmente abrindo caminho para desnutrição especialmente no primeiro ano, antes [...] que o paciente se adapte à nova condição. Com o propósito de documentar a real ingestão neste período, um estudo prospectivo observacional foi executado. MÉTODO: Quarenta pacientes consecutivos foram investigados por recordatório de 24 horas a cada três meses após a operação, até um ano. Apenas mulheres foram arroladas para maior homogeneidade da amostra. Todas receberam diariamente um suplemento vitamínico-mineral, como rotina pós-operatória. Um questionário foi empregado abordando alterações gerais, nutricionais e gastrointestinais assim como consumo de medicamentos. Os ganhos dietéticos foram analisados mediante o programa Virtual Nutri (São Paulo, SP, Brasil). RESULTADOS: A resposta cirúrgica situou-se dentro da faixa esperada, com perda de cerca de 67% do excesso de peso após um ano, e o mesmo ocorreu com sintomas gastrointestinais e necessidades medicamentosas. A quantidade de energia diária nas quatro ocasiões foi de 529,4±47,5, 710,9± 47,7, 833,2± 72,0 e 866,2± 95,1 kcal/dia (média ± erro padrão da média), e o aumento do consumo de proteína foi da mesma proporção nos 6 e 9 meses e com redução em 12 meses. Consequentemente mesmo após um ano as pacientes estavam abaixo das recomendações usuais de calorias e proteínas. A contribuição da dieta no tocante a ferro e zinco também mostrou-se inadequada, embora quadros deficitários tenham provavelmente sido abortados pelo suplemento utilizado. CONCLUSÕES: 1) O risco para desnutrição pos-operatória ficou demonstrado até um ano, e a melhora espontânea da ingestão de alimentos revelou-se lenta e ineficiente; 2) Protocolos específicos deveriam ser elaborados visando melhorar a nutrição e a saúde na fase pós-operatória, até que se verifique uma adaptação dietética satisfatória; Abstract in english PURPOSE: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a popular and successful operation for the treatment of morbid obesity. However, it greatly restricts ingestion and moderately interferes with absorption of food, thus potentially paving the way for undernutrition, especially during the first year before patients [...] adapt to the new condition. Aiming to document actual dietary intake during this period, a prospective observational study was performed. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients were investigated using a 24-hour dietary recall technique every 3 months after surgery for 1 year. Females only were accepted for greater homogeneity of the sample. All received a vitamin and mineral supplement on a daily basis as a postoperative routine. A questionnaire was employed regarding general, nutritional, and gastrointestinal changes as well as consumption of medications. Dietary intake was analyzed after data processing using the Virtual Nutri software package (São Paulo, SP, Brazil). RESULTS: The surgical response was within the expected range, with about 67% excess weight loss at the end of the 1st year, and the same occurred with gastrointestinal symptoms and drug requirements. Daily energy intake on the 4 analyzed occasions was 529.4 ± 47.4, 710.9 ± 47.6, 833.2 ± 72.0, and 866.2 ± 95,1 kcal/day (mean ± SEM); protein intake was increased in the same proportion at 6 and 9 months, but reduced at 12 months. Thus, patients did not meet standard recommendations regarding calories and proteins, even at the end of the 1st year; iron and zinc intake were also inadequate, although deficiencies were probably staved off by the prescribed supplement preparation. CONCLUSIONS: 1) The risk for postoperative undernutrition was evidenced up to 1 year, while spontaneous improvement in food intake was slow and inefficient; 2) Specific protocols should be devised

Maria Carolina G., Dias; Angela G., Ribeiro; Veruska M, Scabim; Joel, Faintuch; Bruno, Zilberstein; Joaquim José, Gama-Rodrigues.

131

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a patient with a family history of huntington disease: genetic counseling challenges.  

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Huntington disease (HD) are generally considered to be distinct and easily differentiated neurologic conditions. However, there are case reports of the co-occurrence of ALS with HD. We present a 57-year-old male with a clinical diagnosis of sporadic ALS in the context of a family history of HD. This case adds to the limited literature regarding individuals with a family history of HD who present with features of ALS. There were several genetic counseling challenges in counseling this patient including the diagnostic consideration of two fatal conditions, complex risk information, the personal and familial implications, and the patient's inability to communicate verbally or through writing due to disease progression. DNA banking effectively preserved the right of our patient and his wife not to learn his HD genetic status during a stressful time of disease progression while providing the option for family members to learn this information in the future if desired. We present lessons learned and considerations for other clinical genetics professionals who are presented with similar challenging issues. PMID:24763861

Smith, Andrea L; Teener, James W; Callaghan, Brian C; Harrington, Jack; Uhlmann, Wendy R

2014-10-01

132

Contingency management is especially efficacious in engendering long durations of abstinence in patients with sexual abuse histories  

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Exposure to sexual victimization is prevalent among persons with substance use disorders (SUDs). Contingency management (CM) treatments utilize concrete and relatively immediate positive reinforcers to retain patients in treatment and reduce substance use, and CM may have particular benefits for patients with histories of sexual victimization. Using data from three randomized trials of CM (N = 393), this study evaluated main and interactive effects of sexual abuse history and treatment condit...

Petry, Nancy M.; Ford, Julian D.; Barry, Danielle

2011-01-01

133

[A practical system for B-mode ultrasound image acquisition and patient's medical history management].  

Science.gov (United States)

A practical system of B-ultrasonic is here introduced. By a special medical video card, the video image is digitized and captured dynamically or statically into computer. This system realizes a variety of functions such as the B-ultrasonic video image's acquisition and display, as well as the editing, processing, managing, storage, printing, It can build the database of patient's case history automatically. Together with other medical image workstation the system can be built as a PACS system of the hospital. And it can also act as an independent system. PMID:16104306

Lian, Xuan; Zhu, Yi-xin

2002-03-01

134

Are there differences in zonal distribution and tumor volume of prostate cancer in patients with a positive family history?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To determine if there are any differences in the zonal distribution and tumor volumes of familial and sporadic prostate cancers (PC) in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 839 patients underwent a radical prostatectomy in the absence of prior neoadjuvant therapy betw [...] een 1987 and 1996. Telephone interviews were conducted to obtain an updated family history. A positive family history was defined as the diagnosis of PC in at least one first degree relative. Prostatectomy specimens were examined to determine the number of tumor foci, zonal origin of the dominant tumor focus, tumor volume of the largest cancer focus, total tumor volume, Gleason score and stage, and the surgical margin status. Results were stratified according to family history and ethnicity. RESULTS: We successfully contacted 437 patients (52%). Prostatectomy specimens from 55 patients were excluded from review due to a history of prior transurethral resection of the prostate (n = 26) or uncertain pathological stage (n = 29). Of the remaining 382 patients, 76 (20%) reported having a first-degree relative with PC. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences in the pathologic variables between the two groups of patients with or without a family history of PC. CONCLUSIONS: Familial and sporadic PC share similar characteristics. No histopathological differences account for the increased positive predictive value of PC screening tests among patients with a family history of PC.

Wade J., Sexton; Philippe E., Spiess; Louis L., Pisters; Scott, Carpenter; Lydia T., Madsen; Robin, Zagone; Xuemei, Wang; Patricia, Troncoso.

135

Uncommon case of brain metastasis in a patient with a history of heavy smoking  

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Primary sarcomas of the aorta are extremely uncommon. Depending on histomorphology and immunohistochemical pattern, intimal sarcomas can show angiosarcomatous differentiation. Here, we describe the case of a 60-year-old woman with a primary intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch and signs of cerebral metastatic disease as the initial manifestation. After the patient experienced the onset of severe headaches, ataxia, and left-sided weakness, magnetic resonance imaging showed several brain lesions. Histologic assessment of a brain biopsy specimen revealed a malignant tumour composed of large pleomorphic cells that were positive for pancytokeratin and CD10. Radiation to the brain did not significantly improve the patient’s symptoms, and cranial computed tomography (ct) imaging revealed several metastases, indicating lack of response. Because of the patient’s smoking history, the presence of central nervous system and skeletal metastases on combined positron-emission tomography and ct imaging, and the focal pan-cytokeratin positivity of the tumour, carcinoma of the lung was favoured as the primary tumour. Despite chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide, the patient’s neurologic symptoms and general condition deteriorated rapidly, and she died within a few days. At autopsy, an undifferentiated intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch was diagnosed. The primary tumour in the aorta consisted of large pleomorphic cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of the aortic tumour and brain metastases demonstrated diffuse positivity for vimentin and p53 and focal S-100 staining. In summary, we report a challenging case of advanced intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch with brain and bone metastases at initial presentation. Our report demonstrates the difficulties in diagnosing and treating this disease, and the need for multicentre studies to accrue more patients for investigations of optimal therapy. PMID:25302044

Scharl, M.; Bode, B.; Rushing, E.; Knuth, A.; Rordorf, T.

2014-01-01

136

Olive oil intake is inversely related to cancer prevalence: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 13800 patients and 23340 controls in 19 observational studies  

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Full Text Available Abstract Dietary fat, both in terms of quantity and quality, has been implicated to cancer development, either positively or negatively. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether olive oil or monounsaturated fat intake was associated with the development of cancer. A systematic search of relevant studies, published in English, between 1990 and March 1, 2011, was performed through a computer-assisted literature tool (i.e., Pubmed. In total 38 studies were initially allocated; of them 19 case-control studies were finally studied (13800 cancer patients and 23340 controls were included. Random effects meta-analysis was applied in order to evaluate the research hypothesis. It was found that compared with the lowest, the highest category of olive oil consumption was associated with lower odds of having any type of cancer (log odds ratio = -0.41, 95%CI -0.53, -0.29, Cohran's Q = 47.52, p = 0.0002, I-sq = 62%; the latter was irrespective of the country of origin (Mediterranean or non-Mediterranean. Moreover, olive oil consumption was associated with lower odds of developing breast cancer (logOR = -0,45 95%CI -0.78 to -0.12, and a cancer of the digestive system (logOR = -0,36 95%CI -0.50 to -0.21, compared with the lowest intake. The strength and consistency of the findings states a hypothesis about the protective role of olive oil intake on cancer risk. However, it is still unclear whether olive oil's monounsaturated fatty acid content or its antioxidant components are responsible for its beneficial effects.

Dimopoulos Meletios

2011-07-01

137

Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection in a patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus.  

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Strongyloidiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Strongyloides stercoralis, a nematode predominately endemic to tropical and subtropical regions, such as Southeast Asia. Autoinfection enables the organism to infect the host for extended periods. Symptoms, when present, are non-specific and may initially lead to misdiagnosis, particularly if the patient has additional co-morbid conditions. Immunosuppressive states place patients at risk for the Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome (SHS), whereby the organism rapidly proliferates and disseminates within the host. Left untreated, SHS is commonly fatal. Unfortunately, the non-specific presentation of strongyloidiasis and the hyperinfection syndrome may lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment. We describe an unusual case of SHS in a 30-year-old man with a long-standing history of systemic lupus erythematosus who underwent a partial colectomy. The diagnosis was rendered on identification of numerous organisms during histologic examination of the colectomy specimen. PMID:25092815

Yung, Evan E; Lee, Cassie M K L; Boys, Joshua; Grabo, Daniel J; Buxbaum, James L; Chandrasoma, Parakrama T

2014-10-01

138

Celiac disease diagnosed after uncomplicated pregnancy in a patient with history of bulimia nervosa  

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Full Text Available Introduction. The association between celiac disease and eating disorders has been very rarely reported. This is the first report on celiac disease associated with bulimia in this part of Europe. Case report. An adult female patient with history of bulimia and one uncomplicated pregnancy was admitted to the Gastroenterology Department, due to long lasting dyspeptic symptoms, constipation, major weight loss and fatigue. After positive serological screening, the diagnosis of celiac disease was confirmed with histopathology examination of duodenal biopsy specimen. Conclusion. Complicated interactions between celiac disease and bulimia can make them difficult to diagnose and treat. It is important to consider the presence of celiac disease in patients with bulimia and gastrointestinal symptoms.

Milisavljevi? Nemanja

2013-01-01

139

Differences between patients with borderline personality disorder who do and do not have a family history of bipolar disorder.  

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Diagnostic confusion sometimes exists between bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder (BPD). To improve the recognition of bipolar disorder researchers have identified nondiagnostic factors that point toward bipolar disorder. One such factor is the presence of a family history of bipolar disorder. In the current report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project, we compared the demographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics of patients with BPD who did and did not have a family history of bipolar disorder. A large sample of psychiatric outpatients were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. Three hundred seventeen patients without bipolar disorder were diagnosed with DSM-IV borderline personality disorder. Slightly less than 10% of the 317 patients with BPD (9.5%, n=30) reported a family history of bipolar disorder in their first-degree relatives. There were no differences between groups in any specific Axis I or Axis II disorder. The patients with a positive family history were significantly less likely to report excessive or inappropriate anger, but there was no difference in the frequency of other criteria for BPD such as affective instability, impulsivity, or suicidal behavior. The patients with a positive family history reported a significantly higher rate of increased appetite and fatigue. There was no difference in overall severity of depression, scores on the Global Assessment of Functioning, history of psychiatric hospitalizations, suicide attempts, time unemployed due to psychiatric reasons during the 5 years before the evaluation, and ratings of current and adolescent social functioning. There was no difference on any of the 5 subscales of the childhood trauma questionnaire. Overall, we found few differences between BPD patients with and without a family history of bipolar disorder thereby suggesting that a positive family history of bipolar disorder was not a useful marker for occult bipolar disorder in these patients. PMID:24962449

Zimmerman, Mark; Martinez, Jennifer; Young, Diane; Chelminski, Iwona; Dalrymple, Kristy

2014-10-01

140

The difference of anti phenolic glycolipid-1 (PGL-1 immunoglobulin-M (IgM level and nutritional intake in subclinical leprosy patients who reside at home and in the orphanage  

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Full Text Available Leprosy patients can be found in the orphanage, and ordinary house holds. The different living conditions in different places might cause differences in the environments, nutritional intake, and immunity, which in the end would affect the transmission of M. leprae. The aim of this study was to find out the difference in anti PGL-1 IgM level and nutritional intake between sub-clinical leprosy patients residing at home with their families and those living in the orphanage. This cross-section observational study was done in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Thirty one sub-clinical leprosy patients living in an orphanage and 30 sub-clinical leprosy patients living at home were included in this study. Venous blood was taken from all of the subjects, the level of anti PGL-1 IgM was measured, and daily nutrient intake was analyzed. Differential test between the 2 groups was performed using independent t-test or Mann Whitney test, when the distribution was not normal. There was significant differences (P < 0.05 in the level of anti PGL-1 IgM, protein, zinc, and vitamin C intake between the 2 groups. (Med J Indones 2007;16:233-6Keywords: nutrient intake, protein, zinc, vitamin C

Mohammad Z. Rahfiludin

2007-11-01

 
 
 
 
141

Pharmacist elicited medication histories in the Emergency Department: Identifying patient groups at risk of medication misadventure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Las guías del Comité Consultivo Farmacéutico Australiano establecen que se lleve una historia de medicación detallada desde el primer punto de entrada en un servicio de urgencias (SU). Los ancianos, en particular los que residen en Residencias de Ancianos y los que no son hablantes nativos ingleses, [...] se han identificado como grupos de pacientes vulnerables a las desgracias medicamentosas. Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia de discrepancias en las historias de medicación en estos grupos demográficos cuando el farmacéutico obtuvo el historial farmacoterapéutico comparado con los recopilados por los médicos del Servicio de Urgencias. También trató de investigar la incidencia de visitas al SU relacionadas con medicamentos. Métodos. Este estudio se condujo en un periodo de seis semanas e incluyó 100 pacientes de edad superior a 70 años, que tomaban regularmente 5 o más medicamentos, tenían 3 o mas comorbilidades clínicas y/o habían sido dados de alta del hospital en los 3 meses anteriores al estudio. Resultados: 24 participantes fueron calificados con ‘barreras lingüísticas'; 12 participantes estaban en residencias de ancianos, y 64 participantes fueron calificados de ‘generales'. El número de medicaciones correctamente registradas fue menor en los de ‘barreras lingüísticas' (13,8%) comparado con el 18% y el 19,6% de las medicaciones para los ‘generales' y los pacientes de residencias de ancianos, respectivamente. En 7 de los pacientes (29,2%) con ‘barreras lingüísticas', 1 de residencias de ancianos (8,3%) y 13 (20,3%) de los ‘generales' se sospechó que tenían una visita al SU relacionada con los medicamentos. Conclusiones: Este estudio ensalza la contribución positiva que un farmacéutico de urgencias puede realizar para elevar la gestión de la medicación en el continuum de cuidados. Este estudio también confirma la vulnerabilidad e los pacientes con barreras lingüísticas ante las desgracias medicamentosas y su necesidad de servicios de interpretes en todas las etapas de su hospitalización, en particular en el punto de entrada al SU. Abstract in english The Australian Pharmaceutical Advisory Committee guidelines call for a detailed medication history to be taken at the first point of admission to an Emergency Department (ED). The elderly, in particular those residing in Residential Aged Care Facilities and those with a non-English speaking backgrou [...] nd, have been identified as patient groups vulnerable to medication misadventure. Objective: to analyse the incidence of discrepancies in medication histories in these demographic groups when pharmacist elicited medication histories were compared with those taken by ED physicians. It also aimed to investigate the incidence of medication related ED presentations. Methods: The study was conducted over a six week period and included 100 patients over the age of 70, who take five or more regular medications, have three or more clinical co-morbidities and/or have been discharged from hospital in three months prior to the study. Results: Twenty four participants were classified as ‘language barrier'; 12 participants were from residential aged care facilities, and 64 participants were classified as ‘general'. The number of correctly recorded medications was lowest in the ‘language barrier' group (13.8%) compared with 18% and 19.6% of medications for ‘general' patients and patients from residential aged care facilities respectively. Seven of the patients (29.2%) with ‘language barrier'; 1 from a residential aged care facility (8.3%) and 13 of the (20.3%) patients from the ‘general' category were suspected as having a medication related ED presentation. Conclusion: This study further highlights the positive contribution an ED pharmacist can make to enhancing medication management along the continuum of care. This study also confirms the vulnerability of patients with language barrier to medication misadventure and their need for interpreter services a

Maja, Ajdukovic; Meredith, Crook; Christopher, Angley; Ieva, Stupans; Natalie, Soulsby; Christopher, Doecke; Barbara, Anderson; Manya, Angley.

2007-12-01

142

Enhancing patient-based learning: introducing STRAC and the reflective history template.  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of New South Wales School of Rural Health, Australia, like many other rural clinical schools, relies heavily on patient-based learning which is largely serendipitous. The learning is not driven by courses of lectures but by the patients who become available in a variety of settings. Students, who, in their first 3 years have been exposed to a very structured didactic learning experience, start their rural experience in Year IV with a curriculum mainly concerned with general medicine and surgery. They have to learn to adapt to a largely self-directed model. While their rural clinical experience is very much broader than that of their city-based peers, an excellent feature, it engenders feelings of insecurity and a perceived need for students and faculty to have a method of tracking patient encounters so they can ensure the syllabus is covered. Early attempts with a paper-based system and later a Reflective Learning Diary proved unsuccessful. This article presents Syllabus Tracking (STRAC) together with a Reflective Case History Template which encourages reflective learning from patients encountered. STRAC is a web-based solution that includes a reporting function, and is easily modified to suit the needs of the curriculum. It is believed it may also prove useful for future applications. Most rural clinical schools in Australia are young, as are these tools. They are not formally evaluated but are offered to other schools as a suggestion. PMID:15892596

Crouch, M; Richardson, G; Reid, S

2005-01-01

143

Structural and functional cerebral impairments in cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Diffuse brain atrophy has been observed in cirrhotic patients and recent reports have revealed the persistence of cognitive impairment after clinical resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy. We sought to explore the continued influence of overt hepatic encephalopathy on neurological function by measuring brain resting-state inherent connectivity, based on an investigation of structural abnormalities. Methods: Neuropsychological tests and structural and functional magnetic resonance scanning were conducted in 20 healthy controls and 21 cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy. The analysis of voxel-based morphometry and functional connectivity were performed to detect the alterations in brain structure and function, respectively. Results: Patients showed significantly worse performance in neuropsychological tests as compared with controls, despite apparently normal mental status. Analysis of voxel-based morphometry revealed a decrease in gray matter volume primarily in the midline regions, bilateral insular cortex and caudates, left parahippocampal gyrus, and right cerebellum posterior lobe, while the volume of the bilateral thalamus showed an increase. Of these regions, the posterior cingulate cortex with peak atrophy was selected as the origin for the analysis of functional connectivity. Typical patterns of a default mode network were identified in both groups. Decreased functional connectivity was found in the medial prefrontal gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, and left middle temporal gyrus in the patients. Conclusions: Both functional and structural impairments were evident after apparent recovery from overt hepatic encephalopathy, demonstrating that brain dysfunction induced by hepatic encephalopathy persisted after clinical resolution and provided a basis for further evolution of the disease

144

Structural and functional cerebral impairments in cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: Diffuse brain atrophy has been observed in cirrhotic patients and recent reports have revealed the persistence of cognitive impairment after clinical resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy. We sought to explore the continued influence of overt hepatic encephalopathy on neurological function by measuring brain resting-state inherent connectivity, based on an investigation of structural abnormalities. Methods: Neuropsychological tests and structural and functional magnetic resonance scanning were conducted in 20 healthy controls and 21 cirrhotic patients with a history of overt hepatic encephalopathy. The analysis of voxel-based morphometry and functional connectivity were performed to detect the alterations in brain structure and function, respectively. Results: Patients showed significantly worse performance in neuropsychological tests as compared with controls, despite apparently normal mental status. Analysis of voxel-based morphometry revealed a decrease in gray matter volume primarily in the midline regions, bilateral insular cortex and caudates, left parahippocampal gyrus, and right cerebellum posterior lobe, while the volume of the bilateral thalamus showed an increase. Of these regions, the posterior cingulate cortex with peak atrophy was selected as the origin for the analysis of functional connectivity. Typical patterns of a default mode network were identified in both groups. Decreased functional connectivity was found in the medial prefrontal gyrus, left inferior parietal lobule, and left middle temporal gyrus in the patients. Conclusions: Both functional and structural impairments were evident after apparent recovery from overt hepatic encephalopathy, demonstrating that brain dysfunction induced by hepatic encephalopathy persisted after clinical resolution and provided a basis for further evolution of the disease.

Chen, Hua-Jun [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Zhu, Xi-Qi [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Department of Radiology, The Second Hospital of Nanjing, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210002 (China); Shu, Hao [Department of Neurology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Yang, Ming; Zhang, Yi; Ding, Jie; Wang, Yu [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Teng, Gao-Jun, E-mail: gjteng@vip.sina.com [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China)

2012-10-15

145

Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients / Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre consumo alimentar e presença de obesidade abdominal em indivíduos infectados pelo HIV/Aids, em uso de terapia antiretroviral de alta potência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 223 indivíduos adultos, realizado no município de São Paulo, em 2002. [...] A população de estudo foi classificada de acordo com a obesidade abdominal, definida pela razão das circunferências da cintura e quadril >0,95 para os homens e >0,85 para mulheres. As variáveis dietéticas estudadas foram consumo de energia (calorias e calorias/quilo de peso corporal), macronutrientes (em gramas e % da energia ingerida), fibra total (gramas) e consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes (gramas). Potenciais fatores de confusão examinados foram sexo, raça, idade, escolaridade, renda, índice de massa corporal, nível de atividade física, tabagismo, contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e tempo de uso de inibidor de protease. Estimou-se modelo de regressão logística para avaliar a relação entre obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 45,7% e esteve associada ao maior consumo de lipídeos: para cada aumento de 10 g de lipídio na dieta a chance aumentou 1,28 vezes. O consumo de carboidratos mostrou-se negativamente associado (OR=0,93) com a presença de obesidade abdominal após ajuste pelas variáveis de controle. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem que a quantidade de carboidratos e lipídeos na dieta, independente do consumo energético, pode modificar a chance de desenvolver obesidade abdominal na população estudada. Intervenções nutricionais podem ser benéficas na prevenção de obesidade abdominal entre pacientes vivendo com HIV/Aids. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study popula [...] tion was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/kilo of body weight), macronutrients (in grams and % of energy intake), total fiber (grams) and fruit and vegetables intake (grams). The potential confounders examined were sex, skin color, age, schooling, income, body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits, peripheral CD4+ T lymphocyte count and length of protease inhibitor use. The multiple logistic regression model was performed in order to evaluate the association between central obesity and dietary intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of central obesity was 45.7% and it was associated with greater consumption of lipids: for every increase of 10g of lipid intake the odds of central obesity increased 1.28 times. Carbohydrate consumption showed negative association (OR=0.93) with central obesity after adjustment for control variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the amount of carbohydrates and lipids in the diet, regardless of total energy intake, may modify the chance of developing central obesity in the studied population. Nutritional interventions may be beneficial for preventing central obesity among HIV/AIDS patients.

Patrícia Constante, Jaime; Alex Antonio, Florindo; Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira, Latorre; Aluísio Augusto Cotrim, Segurado.

146

Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients / Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre consumo alimentar e presença de obesidade abdominal em indivíduos infectados pelo HIV/Aids, em uso de terapia antiretroviral de alta potência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 223 indivíduos adultos, realizado no município de São Paulo, em 2002. [...] A população de estudo foi classificada de acordo com a obesidade abdominal, definida pela razão das circunferências da cintura e quadril >0,95 para os homens e >0,85 para mulheres. As variáveis dietéticas estudadas foram consumo de energia (calorias e calorias/quilo de peso corporal), macronutrientes (em gramas e % da energia ingerida), fibra total (gramas) e consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes (gramas). Potenciais fatores de confusão examinados foram sexo, raça, idade, escolaridade, renda, índice de massa corporal, nível de atividade física, tabagismo, contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e tempo de uso de inibidor de protease. Estimou-se modelo de regressão logística para avaliar a relação entre obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 45,7% e esteve associada ao maior consumo de lipídeos: para cada aumento de 10 g de lipídio na dieta a chance aumentou 1,28 vezes. O consumo de carboidratos mostrou-se negativamente associado (OR=0,93) com a presença de obesidade abdominal após ajuste pelas variáveis de controle. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem que a quantidade de carboidratos e lipídeos na dieta, independente do consumo energético, pode modificar a chance de desenvolver obesidade abdominal na população estudada. Intervenções nutricionais podem ser benéficas na prevenção de obesidade abdominal entre pacientes vivendo com HIV/Aids. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study popula [...] tion was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/kilo of body weight), macronutrients (in grams and % of energy intake), total fiber (grams) and fruit and vegetables intake (grams). The potential confounders examined were sex, skin color, age, schooling, income, body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits, peripheral CD4+ T lymphocyte count and length of protease inhibitor use. The multiple logistic regression model was performed in order to evaluate the association between central obesity and dietary intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of central obesity was 45.7% and it was associated with greater consumption of lipids: for every increase of 10g of lipid intake the odds of central obesity increased 1.28 times. Carbohydrate consumption showed negative association (OR=0.93) with central obesity after adjustment for control variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the amount of carbohydrates and lipids in the diet, regardless of total energy intake, may modify the chance of developing central obesity in the studied population. Nutritional interventions may be beneficial for preventing central obesity among HIV/AIDS patients.

Patrícia Constante, Jaime; Alex Antonio, Florindo; Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira, Latorre; Aluísio Augusto Cotrim, Segurado.

147

Central obesity and dietary intake in HIV/AIDS patients Obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar em portadores de HIV/Aids  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dietary intake and central obesity among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 223 adult individuals in the city of São Paulo city in 2002. The study population was classified according to central obesity, defined as waist-to-hip ratio >0.95 for men and >0.85 for women. The dietary variables studied were energy consumption (in calories and calories/kilo of body weight, macronutrients (in grams and % of energy intake, total fiber (grams and fruit and vegetables intake (grams. The potential confounders examined were sex, skin color, age, schooling, income, body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits, peripheral CD4+ T lymphocyte count and length of protease inhibitor use. The multiple logistic regression model was performed in order to evaluate the association between central obesity and dietary intake. RESULTS: The prevalence of central obesity was 45.7% and it was associated with greater consumption of lipids: for every increase of 10g of lipid intake the odds of central obesity increased 1.28 times. Carbohydrate consumption showed negative association (OR=0.93 with central obesity after adjustment for control variables. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the amount of carbohydrates and lipids in the diet, regardless of total energy intake, may modify the chance of developing central obesity in the studied population. Nutritional interventions may be beneficial for preventing central obesity among HIV/AIDS patients.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre consumo alimentar e presença de obesidade abdominal em indivíduos infectados pelo HIV/Aids, em uso de terapia antiretroviral de alta potência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 223 indivíduos adultos, realizado no município de São Paulo, em 2002. A população de estudo foi classificada de acordo com a obesidade abdominal, definida pela razão das circunferências da cintura e quadril >0,95 para os homens e >0,85 para mulheres. As variáveis dietéticas estudadas foram consumo de energia (calorias e calorias/quilo de peso corporal, macronutrientes (em gramas e % da energia ingerida, fibra total (gramas e consumo de frutas, verduras e legumes (gramas. Potenciais fatores de confusão examinados foram sexo, raça, idade, escolaridade, renda, índice de massa corporal, nível de atividade física, tabagismo, contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ e tempo de uso de inibidor de protease. Estimou-se modelo de regressão logística para avaliar a relação entre obesidade abdominal e consumo alimentar. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de obesidade abdominal foi de 45,7% e esteve associada ao maior consumo de lipídeos: para cada aumento de 10 g de lipídio na dieta a chance aumentou 1,28 vezes. O consumo de carboidratos mostrou-se negativamente associado (OR=0,93 com a presença de obesidade abdominal após ajuste pelas variáveis de controle. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem que a quantidade de carboidratos e lipídeos na dieta, independente do consumo energético, pode modificar a chance de desenvolver obesidade abdominal na população estudada. Intervenções nutricionais podem ser benéficas na prevenção de obesidade abdominal entre pacientes vivendo com HIV/Aids.

Patrícia Constante Jaime

2006-08-01

148

The difference of anti phenolic glycolipid-1 (PGL-1) immunoglobulin-M (IgM) level and nutritional intake in subclinical leprosy patients who reside at home and in the orphanage  

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Leprosy patients can be found in the orphanage, and ordinary house holds. The different living conditions in different places might cause differences in the environments, nutritional intake, and immunity, which in the end would affect the transmission of M. leprae. The aim of this study was to find out the difference in anti PGL-1 IgM level and nutritional intake between sub-clinical leprosy patients residing at home with their families and those living in the orphanage. This cross-section...

Rahfiludin, Mohammad Z.; Nugraheni, Sri A.; Holy Ametati; Aniek Prihatin; Endang Purwaningsih

2007-01-01

149

Clinical Management of Adult Patients with a History of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug-Induced Urticaria/Angioedema: Update  

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Full Text Available In the large majority of previous studies, patients with a history of acute urticaria induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs seeking safe alternative drugs have undergone tolerance tests uniquely with compounds exerting little or no inhibitory effect on the cyclooxygenase 1 enzyme. In light of recently published studies, however, this approach seems inadequate and should be changed. The present article critically reviews the clinical management of patients presenting with a history of urticaria induced by a single NSAID or multiple NSAIDs and suggests a simple, updated diagnostic algorithm that may assist clinicians in correctly classifying their patients.

Asero Riccardo

2007-03-01

150

Low-dose rate prostate brachytherapy is well tolerated in patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: We report on the follow-up of 24 patients with a prior history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treated with brachytherapy for early-stage prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Twenty-four patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease (17 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 7 with Crohn's disease [CD]) underwent prostate brachytherapy between 1992 and 2004. Fifteen patients were treated with I-125 implantation and 6 patients were treated with Pd-103 alone or in combination with 45 Gy external beam radiation. Charts were reviewed for all patients, and all living patients were contacted by phone. National Cancer Institute common toxicity scores for proctitis were assigned to all patients. Actuarial risk of late toxicity was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 126 months (median, 48.5 months; mean, 56.8 months). Results: None of the patients experienced Grade 3 or 4 rectal toxicity. Four patients experienced Grade 2 late rectal toxicity. The 5-year actuarial freedom from developing late Grade 2 rectal toxicity was 81%. At a median follow-up of 48.5 months, 23 patients were alive and had no evidence of disease with a median prostate-specific antigen for the sample of 0.1 ng/mL (range, <0.05-0.88 ng/mL). One patient died of other causes unrelated to his prostate cancer. Conclusions: Prostate brachytherapy is well tolerated in patients with a history of controlled IBD. Thernts with a history of controlled IBD. Therefore, brachytherapy should be considered a viable therapeutic option in this patient population

151

Assessment of coronary atherosclerosis progression in patients with five year history of myocardial infarction depending on the statin therapy compliance  

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Full Text Available Aim. To study the coronary atherosclerosis progression in patients with 5-year history of myocardial infarction (MI depending on the statin therapy compliance.Material and methods. Patients (n=31 with a five year history of MI were involved into the study. Patients were divided into two groups depending on the statin therapy compliance during 5 years after MI: group 1 — patients with high compliance, group 2 — patients with low compliance. Assessment of the coronary angiography and lipid profile was performed first time in 2005–2006 during hospital treatment for MI and after 5 years again.Results. Increase in the proportion of patients with two and three coronary vessel disease was found after 5 years of observation, despite the high rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (77.4% and hypolipidemic therapy. Hemodynamically significant restenosis was found in 11.8% (group 1 and 21.4% (group 2 of patients. Target total cholesterol level was reached only in 42.9% and 11.8% of patients in group 1 and 2, respectively. The target level of low density cholesterol was achieved in no one patient.Conclusion. The findings suggest that in patients with 5-year history of MI coronary atherosclerosis progresses regardless of the statin therapy compliance.

A.I. Chesnikova

2012-12-01

152

Randomized comparison of the effects of the vitamin D3 adequate intake versus 100 mcg (4000 IU per day on biochemical responses and the wellbeing of patients  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background For adults, vitamin D intake of 100 mcg (4000 IU/day is physiologic and safe. The adequate intake (AI for older adults is 15 mcg (600 IU/day, but there has been no report focusing on use of this dose. Methods We compared effects of these doses on biochemical responses and sense of wellbeing in a blinded, randomized trial. In Study 1, 64 outpatients (recruited if summer 2001 25(OHD Results In Study 1, basal summer 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD] averaged 48 ± 9 (SD nmol/L. Supplementation for more than 6 months produced mean 25(OHD levels of 79 ± 30 nmol/L for the 15 mcg/day group, and 112 ± 41 nmol/L for the 100 mcg/day group. Both doses lowered plasma parathyroid hormone with no effect on plasma calcium. Between December and February, wellbeing score improved more for the 100-mcg/day group than for the lower-dosed group (1-tail Mann-Whitney p = 0.036. In Study 2, 25(OHD averaged 39 ± 9 nmol/L, and winter wellbeing scores improved with both doses of vitamin D (two-tail p Conclusion The highest AI for vitamin D brought summertime 25(OHD to >40 nmol/L, lowered PTH, and its use was associated with improved wellbeing. The 100 mcg/day dose produced greater responses. Since it was ethically necessary to provide a meaningful dose of vitamin D to these insufficient patients, we cannot rule out a placebo wellbeing response, particularly for those on the lower dose. This work confirms the safety and efficacy of both 15 and 100 mcg/day vitamin D3 in patients who needed additional vitamin D.

Hu Amanda

2004-07-01

153

Uncommon case of brain metastasis in a patient with a history of heavy smoking.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary sarcomas of the aorta are extremely uncommon. Depending on histomorphology and immunohistochemical pattern, intimal sarcomas can show angiosarcomatous differentiation. Here, we describe the case of a 60-year-old woman with a primary intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch and signs of cerebral metastatic disease as the initial manifestation. After the patient experienced the onset of severe headaches, ataxia, and left-sided weakness, magnetic resonance imaging showed several brain lesions. Histologic assessment of a brain biopsy specimen revealed a malignant tumour composed of large pleomorphic cells that were positive for pancytokeratin and CD10. Radiation to the brain did not significantly improve the patient's symptoms, and cranial computed tomography (ct) imaging revealed several metastases, indicating lack of response. Because of the patient's smoking history, the presence of central nervous system and skeletal metastases on combined positron-emission tomography and ct imaging, and the focal pan-cytokeratin positivity of the tumour, carcinoma of the lung was favoured as the primary tumour. Despite chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide, the patient's neurologic symptoms and general condition deteriorated rapidly, and she died within a few days. At autopsy, an undifferentiated intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch was diagnosed. The primary tumour in the aorta consisted of large pleomorphic cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of the aortic tumour and brain metastases demonstrated diffuse positivity for vimentin and p53 and focal S-100 staining. In summary, we report a challenging case of advanced intimal sarcoma of the aortic arch with brain and bone metastases at initial presentation. Our report demonstrates the difficulties in diagnosing and treating this disease, and the need for multicentre studies to accrue more patients for investigations of optimal therapy. PMID:25302044

Scharl, M; Bode, B; Rushing, E; Knuth, A; Rordorf, T

2014-10-01

154

Ingestão de fibra alimentar e tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipação funcional / Fiber intake and colonic transit time in functional constipated patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese RACIONAL: Pacientes com constipação funcional que não melhoram com suplementação de fibras dietéticas, representam importante problema clínico. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as relações entre as quantidades de fibras ingeridas, intensidade da constipação e o tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipa [...] ção funcional. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes constipados funcionais, sem melhoras após suplementação dietética com fibras e 18 pessoas controle, sadias, sem queixas digestivas, utilizando inquéritos individuais quanto à ingestão de fibras e a intensidade da constipação e, por meio da técnica dos marcadores radiopaco, o tempo de trânsito colônico, total e segmentar. RESULTADOS: Apesar da maior ingestão diária de fibras (26,3 ± 12,9 g, constipados x 9,3 ± 5,2 g, controles), os sintomas da constipação mostraram-se intensos nos constipados (escore médio = 21,3 ± 4,07). O tempo normal para o trânsito colônico foi de 58,8h. O trânsito colônico total, em média, foi mais lento nos constipados (41,0 ± 22,8h, constipados x 21,8 ± 18,5h, controles). Constipados com trânsito lento (>58,8h) apresentaram inércia colônica (oito), obstrução de saída (um) e lentificação no cólon esquerdo (um). Constipados com trânsito normal ( Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Patients with functional constipation presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement represents important clinical issue. AIMS: To evaluate the relations among the amount of ingested fiber, the constipation intensity and the colonic transit time in patients with functional c [...] onstipation. METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients, presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement, and 18 healthy volunteers conducting individual inquiry into fibers intake, constipation intensity and the total and segmental colonic transit evaluation using radiopaque markers. RESULTS: In the constipated, despite the good level of fiber intake (26.3 ± 12.9 g, constipated x 9.3 ± 5,2 g, control), the symptoms of constipation was serious (score = 21.3 ± 4.07). Mean total colonic transit was 58.8h. The colonic transit was slower in the constipated group (41.0 ± 22.8 hours, constipated x 21.8 ± 18.5h, control). In constipated patients with slow colonic transit (>58.8h) there were colonic inertia (eight), outlet constipation (one) and slow transit in left colon (one), and among constipated patients with normal colonic transit (

Adriana Cruz, Lopes; Carlos Roberto, Victoria.

155

Ingestão de fibra alimentar e tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipação funcional / Fiber intake and colonic transit time in functional constipated patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese RACIONAL: Pacientes com constipação funcional que não melhoram com suplementação de fibras dietéticas, representam importante problema clínico. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as relações entre as quantidades de fibras ingeridas, intensidade da constipação e o tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipa [...] ção funcional. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes constipados funcionais, sem melhoras após suplementação dietética com fibras e 18 pessoas controle, sadias, sem queixas digestivas, utilizando inquéritos individuais quanto à ingestão de fibras e a intensidade da constipação e, por meio da técnica dos marcadores radiopaco, o tempo de trânsito colônico, total e segmentar. RESULTADOS: Apesar da maior ingestão diária de fibras (26,3 ± 12,9 g, constipados x 9,3 ± 5,2 g, controles), os sintomas da constipação mostraram-se intensos nos constipados (escore médio = 21,3 ± 4,07). O tempo normal para o trânsito colônico foi de 58,8h. O trânsito colônico total, em média, foi mais lento nos constipados (41,0 ± 22,8h, constipados x 21,8 ± 18,5h, controles). Constipados com trânsito lento (>58,8h) apresentaram inércia colônica (oito), obstrução de saída (um) e lentificação no cólon esquerdo (um). Constipados com trânsito normal ( Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Patients with functional constipation presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement represents important clinical issue. AIMS: To evaluate the relations among the amount of ingested fiber, the constipation intensity and the colonic transit time in patients with functional c [...] onstipation. METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients, presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement, and 18 healthy volunteers conducting individual inquiry into fibers intake, constipation intensity and the total and segmental colonic transit evaluation using radiopaque markers. RESULTS: In the constipated, despite the good level of fiber intake (26.3 ± 12.9 g, constipated x 9.3 ± 5,2 g, control), the symptoms of constipation was serious (score = 21.3 ± 4.07). Mean total colonic transit was 58.8h. The colonic transit was slower in the constipated group (41.0 ± 22.8 hours, constipated x 21.8 ± 18.5h, control). In constipated patients with slow colonic transit (>58.8h) there were colonic inertia (eight), outlet constipation (one) and slow transit in left colon (one), and among constipated patients with normal colonic transit (

Adriana Cruz, Lopes; Carlos Roberto, Victoria.

2008-03-01

156

Microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis in an immunocompetent patient with a past history of laser in situ keratomilieusis surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ocular infection with microsporidia has been documented in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. Sources and mode of human infection with microsporidia have been difficult to ascertain although exposure to water may be an important risk factor. Of four genera that have been reported in human disease, only the genera Nosema, Encephalitozoon and Septata are documented to cause ocular infection. Here, in our case a healthy 30-year-old man who had undergone bilateral laser in situ keratomilieusis surgery two and half years back presented with a 10-day history of redness and 4-day history of blurring of vision in the right eye. On presentation, his best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 partial in both eyes. Slit lamp examination revealed multiple pin head shaped infiltrates in the right cornea. Examination of the left eye was unremarkable. Based on microscopic demonstration of numerous microsporidial spores in the corneal scrapings, a diagnosis of microsporidial keratitoconjunctivitis was made. On treatment with oral albendazole, the cornea became clear with complete resolution of symptoms and signs within two weeks. PMID:22120810

Bommala, M L; Nalamada, S; Sharma, S; Garg, P

2011-01-01

157

Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palatal mucosa in patient with history of anorexia: review and case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a self-limiting disorder affecting minor salivary glands resembling a malignant process both clinically and histopathologically. The etiology of this rare inflammatory` disorder is related to an ischemic event. Identified risk factors include alcohol abuse, smoking, drugs, denture wearing, injury and systemic diseases. Also reported are cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia associated with bulimia. This paper identifies the whole body incitement among additional risk factors by presenting a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia in an 18 year old patient with the history of anorexia nervosa. Furthermore it describes the effects of extreme cooling of palatal mucosa with ice chips resulting in constriction of blood vessels as the direct cause, reinforcing ischemic etiology of necrotizing sialometaplasia. PMID:24667056

Gilowski, ?ukasz; Wiench, Rafa?; Polakiewicz-Gilowska, Anna; Dwornicka, Katarzyna

2014-01-01

158

Terapia nutricional enteral em politraumatizados sob ventilação mecânica e oferta energética / Enteral nutritional therapy in mechanically-ventilated multiple-trauma patients and energy intake  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adequação energética dos pacientes politraumatizados em suporte ventilatório internados na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital público de Porto Alegre (RS), por meio da comparação entre as calorias prescritas e as efetivamente administradas, as [...] sim como entre as calorias estimadas pela equação de Harris-Benedict e a prescrição energética de cada paciente. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo de pacientes politraumatizados, simultaneamente sob ventilação mecânica e terapia nutricional enteral. Verificou-se o tempo de permanência sob ventilação mecânica e a oferta energética durante o período de terapia nutricional enteral. A associação entre as variáveis quantitativas foi avaliada através do teste de correlação de Spearman devido à assimetria das variáveis. RESULTADOS: Foram acompanhados 60 pacientes, na faixa etária de 18 a 78 anos, sendo 81,7% do sexo masculino. Os tempos medianos de internação hospitalar, permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e ventilação mecânica foram de 29, 14 e 6 dias, respectivamente. A média do percentual de dieta administrada foi de 68,6% (DP=18,3%). Da amostra total, 16 (26,7%) pacientes receberam no mínimo 80% de suas necessidades diárias. Não houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o valor energético total administrado e os tempos de ventilação mecânica (r s=0,130; p=0,321), de unidade de terapia intensiva (r s=-0,117; p=0,372) e de internação hospitalar (r s=-0,152; p=0,246). CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes incluídos neste estudo não receberam com precisão o aporte energético prescrito, ficando expostos aos riscos da desnutrição e seus desfechos clínicos desfavoráveis. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to asssess the adequacy of energy intake of multiple trauma patients in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil, who require ventilatory support, by comparing prescribed energy intake with effectively admini [...] stered energy, and energy requirement estimated by the Harris-Benedict equation with the energy prescription of each patient. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with multiple trauma simultaneously on mechanical ventilation and enteral nutrition. Duration of mechanical ventilation and energy intake during enteral nutrition were verified. The association between quantitative variables was assessed by the Spearman correlation test due to variable asymmetry. RESULTS: Sixty patients aged 18 to 78 years were studied, 81.7% of them males. Median length of hospital stay, intensive care unit stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation was 29, 14, and 6 days, respectively. The mean percentage of administered calories was 68.6% (SD=18.3%). Of the entire sample, 16 (26.7%) patients received at least 80% of their daily energy requirement. There was no significant association between total energy administered and duration of mechanical ventilation (r s=0.130; p=0.321), length of intensive care unit stay (r s=-0.117; p=0.372) and length of hospital stay (r s=-0.152; p=0.246). CONCLUSION: The study patients did not receive the prescribed energy. Therefore, they were at risk of malnutrition and its adverse clinical outcomes.

Cecília Flávia Lopes, Couto; José da Silva, Moreira; Jorge Amilton, Hoher.

2012-12-01

159

Terapia nutricional enteral em politraumatizados sob ventilação mecânica e oferta energética Enteral nutritional therapy in mechanically-ventilated multiple-trauma patients and energy intake  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a adequação energética dos pacientes politraumatizados em suporte ventilatório internados na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital público de Porto Alegre (RS, por meio da comparação entre as calorias prescritas e as efetivamente administradas, assim como entre as calorias estimadas pela equação de Harris-Benedict e a prescrição energética de cada paciente. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectivo de pacientes politraumatizados, simultaneamente sob ventilação mecânica e terapia nutricional enteral. Verificou-se o tempo de permanência sob ventilação mecânica e a oferta energética durante o período de terapia nutricional enteral. A associação entre as variáveis quantitativas foi avaliada através do teste de correlação de Spearman devido à assimetria das variáveis. RESULTADOS: Foram acompanhados 60 pacientes, na faixa etária de 18 a 78 anos, sendo 81,7% do sexo masculino. Os tempos medianos de internação hospitalar, permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e ventilação mecânica foram de 29, 14 e 6 dias, respectivamente. A média do percentual de dieta administrada foi de 68,6% (DP=18,3%. Da amostra total, 16 (26,7% pacientes receberam no mínimo 80% de suas necessidades diárias. Não houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o valor energético total administrado e os tempos de ventilação mecânica (r s=0,130; p=0,321, de unidade de terapia intensiva (r s=-0,117; p=0,372 e de internação hospitalar (r s=-0,152; p=0,246. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes incluídos neste estudo não receberam com precisão o aporte energético prescrito, ficando expostos aos riscos da desnutrição e seus desfechos clínicos desfavoráveis.OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to asssess the adequacy of energy intake of multiple trauma patients in the intensive care unit of a public hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil, who require ventilatory support, by comparing prescribed energy intake with effectively administered energy, and energy requirement estimated by the Harris-Benedict equation with the energy prescription of each patient. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with multiple trauma simultaneously on mechanical ventilation and enteral nutrition. Duration of mechanical ventilation and energy intake during enteral nutrition were verified. The association between quantitative variables was assessed by the Spearman correlation test due to variable asymmetry. RESULTS: Sixty patients aged 18 to 78 years were studied, 81.7% of them males. Median length of hospital stay, intensive care unit stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation was 29, 14, and 6 days, respectively. The mean percentage of administered calories was 68.6% (SD=18.3%. Of the entire sample, 16 (26.7% patients received at least 80% of their daily energy requirement. There was no significant association between total energy administered and duration of mechanical ventilation (r s=0.130; p=0.321, length of intensive care unit stay (r s=-0.117; p=0.372 and length of hospital stay (r s=-0.152; p=0.246. CONCLUSION: The study patients did not receive the prescribed energy. Therefore, they were at risk of malnutrition and its adverse clinical outcomes.

Cecília Flávia Lopes Couto

2012-12-01

160

Ingestão de fibra alimentar e tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipação funcional Fiber intake and colonic transit time in functional constipated patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available RACIONAL: Pacientes com constipação funcional que não melhoram com suplementação de fibras dietéticas, representam importante problema clínico. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as relações entre as quantidades de fibras ingeridas, intensidade da constipação e o tempo de trânsito colônico em pacientes com constipação funcional. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes constipados funcionais, sem melhoras após suplementação dietética com fibras e 18 pessoas controle, sadias, sem queixas digestivas, utilizando inquéritos individuais quanto à ingestão de fibras e a intensidade da constipação e, por meio da técnica dos marcadores radiopaco, o tempo de trânsito colônico, total e segmentar. RESULTADOS: Apesar da maior ingestão diária de fibras (26,3 ± 12,9 g, constipados x 9,3 ± 5,2 g, controles, os sintomas da constipação mostraram-se intensos nos constipados (escore médio = 21,3 ± 4,07. O tempo normal para o trânsito colônico foi de 58,8h. O trânsito colônico total, em média, foi mais lento nos constipados (41,0 ± 22,8h, constipados x 21,8 ± 18,5h, controles. Constipados com trânsito lento (>58,8h apresentaram inércia colônica (oito, obstrução de saída (um e lentificação no cólon esquerdo (um. Constipados com trânsito normal (BACKGROUND: Patients with functional constipation presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement represents important clinical issue. AIMS: To evaluate the relations among the amount of ingested fiber, the constipation intensity and the colonic transit time in patients with functional constipation. METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients, presenting no response to treatment using fibers supplement, and 18 healthy volunteers conducting individual inquiry into fibers intake, constipation intensity and the total and segmental colonic transit evaluation using radiopaque markers. RESULTS: In the constipated, despite the good level of fiber intake (26.3 ± 12.9 g, constipated x 9.3 ± 5,2 g, control, the symptoms of constipation was serious (score = 21.3 ± 4.07. Mean total colonic transit was 58.8h. The colonic transit was slower in the constipated group (41.0 ± 22.8 hours, constipated x 21.8 ± 18.5h, control. In constipated patients with slow colonic transit (>58.8h there were colonic inertia (eight, outlet constipation (one and slow transit in left colon (one, and among constipated patients with normal colonic transit (<58.8h, there were isolated slow transit, in the right colon (nine, left colon (three and in the rectosigmoid segment (eight. There were no relation among the amount of ingested fiber, constipation intensity and the colon transit. CONCLUSIONS: In the functional constipation the gravity of symptoms does not depend only on the dietary fibers intake, which is not the only responsible for the differences in the colonic transit. The colonic transit can differentiate normal from constipated patients and, among them, those with altered transit that demand approaches distinct of fiber supplementation.

Adriana Cruz Lopes

2008-03-01

 
 
 
 
161

Características de la población con ingesta baja en luteína y zeaxantina en pacientes con degeneración macular asociada a la edad variante húmeda / Characteristics of patients with wet age-related macular degeneration and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Averiguar las características de los pacientes con DMAE húmeda que ingieren suficiente luteína y zeaxantina en nuestra población. Métodos: Estudio protocolizado, prospectivo, observacional, transversal, en pacientes diagnosticados de DMAE húmeda activa. Se efectúa hemograma, perfil lipídic [...] o, y perfil hepático; una entrevista dietética sobre los hábitos alimentarios a partir de la realización de un recordatorio de 24h y estudio antropométrico. Se dividen en dos grupos en función de la ingesta de luteína-zeaxantina (L-Z). Grupo 1 (ingesta «suficiente»): pacientes con ingesta diaria > 1.400mg/día en mujeres y 1.700mg/día en hombres (2/3 de la ingesta media diaria en población normal). Grupo 2: pacientes con ingesta diaria inferior a las del grupo 1. Se efectúa un estudio estadístico descriptivo y comparativo entre ambos grupos. Resultado: Un total de 52 pacientes, con una edad media de 78,9 años. Grupo 1: 11 pacientes (21% de la muestra). Grupo 2: 41. Los pacientes con ingesta suficiente de L-Z tienen mayor índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura. El 70-80% de los pacientes del grupo 1 presentan ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc. Conclusiones: El 79% de los pacientes tienen ingesta diaria de L-Z baja. Los pacientes con aporte suficiente tienen un aumento en el índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura, y además la mayoría tienen una ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc. Abstract in english Objective: To assess the characteristics of patients with wet AMD and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin in our population. Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with active wet AMD. A full blood count, a lipid and liver profile, a dietary interview [...] (24-hour recall), and an anthropometric study were performed. Lutein-zeaxanthin (LZ) intake results split the patents in two groups. Group 1 ("sufficient" intake): patients with > 1,400mg/day intake in women and 1,700mg/day in men (2/3 of the average daily intake in a normal population). Group 2: patients with daily intakes below that of group 1. A descriptive and comparative statistical study was performed. Results: Fifty-two patients with a mean age of 78.9 years. Group 1: eleven patients (21% of the sample). Group 2: forty-one patients. The subjects with adequate intake of LZ had higher a body mass index and waist circumference. Between 70-80% of patients in group 1 had inadequate intake of vitamin A, C and E and zinc. Conclusions: Seventy-nine per cent of the patients with wet AMD have a deficient daily intake in lutein-zeaxanthin. The population with adequate intake is associated with an increased body mass index and waist circumference, and in addition, most of them have an insufficient intake of vitamin A, C, E and zinc.

J.L., Olea; J.A., Aragón; M.E., Zapata; J.A., Tur.

2012-04-01

162

Características de la población con ingesta baja en luteína y zeaxantina en pacientes con degeneración macular asociada a la edad variante húmeda Characteristics of patients with wet age-related macular degeneration and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Averiguar las características de los pacientes con DMAE húmeda que ingieren suficiente luteína y zeaxantina en nuestra población. Métodos: Estudio protocolizado, prospectivo, observacional, transversal, en pacientes diagnosticados de DMAE húmeda activa. Se efectúa hemograma, perfil lipídico, y perfil hepático; una entrevista dietética sobre los hábitos alimentarios a partir de la realización de un recordatorio de 24h y estudio antropométrico. Se dividen en dos grupos en función de la ingesta de luteína-zeaxantina (L-Z. Grupo 1 (ingesta «suficiente»: pacientes con ingesta diaria > 1.400mg/día en mujeres y 1.700mg/día en hombres (2/3 de la ingesta media diaria en población normal. Grupo 2: pacientes con ingesta diaria inferior a las del grupo 1. Se efectúa un estudio estadístico descriptivo y comparativo entre ambos grupos. Resultado: Un total de 52 pacientes, con una edad media de 78,9 años. Grupo 1: 11 pacientes (21% de la muestra. Grupo 2: 41. Los pacientes con ingesta suficiente de L-Z tienen mayor índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura. El 70-80% de los pacientes del grupo 1 presentan ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc. Conclusiones: El 79% de los pacientes tienen ingesta diaria de L-Z baja. Los pacientes con aporte suficiente tienen un aumento en el índice de masa corporal y perímetro de cintura, y además la mayoría tienen una ingesta insuficiente de vitaminas A, C y E, y zinc.Objective: To assess the characteristics of patients with wet AMD and low intake of lutein and zeaxanthin in our population. Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with active wet AMD. A full blood count, a lipid and liver profile, a dietary interview (24-hour recall, and an anthropometric study were performed. Lutein-zeaxanthin (LZ intake results split the patents in two groups. Group 1 ("sufficient" intake: patients with > 1,400mg/day intake in women and 1,700mg/day in men (2/3 of the average daily intake in a normal population. Group 2: patients with daily intakes below that of group 1. A descriptive and comparative statistical study was performed. Results: Fifty-two patients with a mean age of 78.9 years. Group 1: eleven patients (21% of the sample. Group 2: forty-one patients. The subjects with adequate intake of LZ had higher a body mass index and waist circumference. Between 70-80% of patients in group 1 had inadequate intake of vitamin A, C and E and zinc. Conclusions: Seventy-nine per cent of the patients with wet AMD have a deficient daily intake in lutein-zeaxanthin. The population with adequate intake is associated with an increased body mass index and waist circumference, and in addition, most of them have an insufficient intake of vitamin A, C, E and zinc.

J.L. Olea

2012-04-01

163

Thyroid-like follicular carcinoma of the kidney in a young patient with history of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thyroid-like follicular carcinoma of the kidney (TLFCK) is a rare histological variant of renal cell carcinoma not currently included in the World Health Organization classification of renal tumors. Only 24 previous cases of TLFCK have been reported to date. We report a case of TLFCK in a 19-year-old woman with history of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This patient is the youngest with TLFCK to be reported to date and the first with history of lymphoblastic leukemia. The development of TLFCK in a young patient with history of lymphoblastic leukemia is interesting and suggests that genes involved in leukemogenesis may also be important for TLFCK pathogenesis. Recognition of TLFCK is important to distinguish it from other conditions that show thyroid-like features, as a misdiagnosis can result in adverse patient care. PMID:25133003

Wu, William W; Chu, Julia T; Nael, Ali; Rezk, Sherif A; Romansky, Stephen G; Shane, Lisa

2014-01-01

164

Suicide Risk Assessment Received Prior to Suicide Death by Veterans Health Administration Patients with a History of Depression  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To examine the quality of suicide risk assessment provided to veterans with a history of depression who died by suicide between 1999-2004. Methods Case-control study of suicide risk assessment information recorded in 488 medical charts of veterans previously diagnosed with Major Depression, Depression NOS, Dysthymia, or other, less common depression codes. Patients dying of suicide or comparison patients (n=244 pairs) were matched for age, sex, entry-year, and region. Results 74% of patients with a history of depression received a documented assessment of suicidal ideation within the past year, and 59% received more than one assessment. However, 70% of patients of those who died of suicide did not have a documented assessment for suicidal ideation at their final VHA visit, even if that visit occurred within 0-7 days prior to suicide death. Most patients dying by suicide denied suicidal ideation when assessed (85%, 95% CI 75%-92%), even just 0-7 days prior to suicide death (73%, 95% CI 39%-94%). Suicidal ideation was assessed more frequently during outpatient final visits with mental health providers (60%) than during final visits with primary care (13%) or other non-mental health providers (10%) (p<0.0001). Conclusions Most VHA patients with a history of depression received some suicide risk assessment within the past year, but suicide risk assessments were infrequently administered at the final visit of patients who eventually died by suicide. Among patients who had assessments, denial of suicidal ideation appeared to be of limited value. Practice changes are needed to improve suicide risk assessment among patients with histories of depression, including the development of assessment and prevention strategies that are less dependent on the presence or disclosure of suicidal ideation at scheduled medical visits. PMID:23561227

Smith, Eric G.; Kim, Hyungjin Myra; Ganoczy, Dara; Stano, Claire; Pfeiffer, Paul N.; Valenstein, Marcia

2013-01-01

165

Medical history of optic chiasm compression in patients with pituitary insufficiency affects skin temperature and its relation to sleep.  

Science.gov (United States)

The hypothalamus is crucially involved in the circadian timing of the sleep-wake rhythm, yet also accommodates the most important thermoregulatory neuronal network. We have shown before that adults with pituitary insufficiency and history of chiasm compression due to a tumor with suprasellar extension fall asleep later and sleep shorter than those without such history and presumed hypothalamic involvement. To solidify the hypothesized link between vigilance and thermoregulation by the hypothalamus, we aimed to test the hypothesis that the presumed hypothalamic impairment in these patients also affects skin temperature and its association with sleep onset. In a case-control study of 50 patients (54.7 ± 14.5 yrs of age, 30 males) with pituitary insufficiency, 33 of whom had a history of chiasm compression, ambulatory distal and proximal skin temperatures were assessed continuously for 24 h. Sleep parameters were assessed via questionnaire. Group differences in mean skin temperature, calculated over the wake and sleep periods separately, and group differences in the strength of association between pre-sleep skin temperature and sleep onset latency were compared. Results showed that patients with a medical history of chiasm compression had lower proximal skin temperature during the day (34.1°C ± .7°C vs. 34.6°C ± .7°C, p =?.045). Additionally, the typical association between sleep onset latency and pre-sleep distal-to-proximal skin temperature gradient was absent in these patients (r =?-.01, p =?.96), whereas it was unimpaired in those without chiasm compression (r =?-.61, p =?.02). Thus, patients with history of chiasm compression show impaired skin temperature regulation in association with disturbed sleep. The findings support the hypothesis that a medical history of chiasm compression affects hypothalamic regulation of both vigilance and temperature, possibly by chronically affecting relevant nuclei, including the ventrolateral preoptic area and anterior hypothalamic preoptic area. PMID:22924389

Romeijn, Nico; Borgers, Anke J; Fliers, Eric; Alkemade, Anneke; Bisschop, Peter H; Van Someren, Eus J W

2012-10-01

166

An unusual presentation of Hoffa's disease in an elderly patient with no trauma history: a case report.  

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Hoffa' s fat pad disease usually occurs in young active patients participating in activities involving repetitive microtrauma to the knee joint. No specific radiographic findings associated with the disease has yet been defined. We report an elderly patient who presented with a 12-month anterior knee pain and limited knee extension, without any trauma history. Radiographs showed a calcified soft tissue mass in the Hoffa's fat pad. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the lesion had a generalized heterogeneous hypointensity on T1- and T2-weighted images and a poorly defined margin. The lesion was excised arthroscopically, and histopathological examination revealed fat pad adipocyte necrosis, mucoid degeneration, and dystrophic calcification, suggesting Hoffa's disease. The present report indicates that Hoffa's disease can occur in elderly patients with no trauma history, can be associated with a calcified lesion on radiographs, and can be linked to infrapatellar fat pad degeneration in such patients. PMID:21765234

Park, Jong Hoon; Park, Ji Hun; Lee, An Hee; Lee, Dae Hee

2011-01-01

167

Is the control of dietary cholesterol intake sufficiently effective to ameliorate nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In our examination of the distribution of abdominal fat, dietary intake and biochemical data in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), non-obese NAFLD patients without insulin resistance presented a characteristic pattern of dietary intake. Dietary cholesterol intake was superabundant in non-obese patients compared with obese patients, although total energy and carbohydrate intake was not excessive. Namely, excess cholesterol intake appears to be one of the main factors assoc...

2010-01-01

168

Mortality in cancer patients with a history of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma--a nationwide population-based cohort study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is associated with underlying immunosuppression, so it may be a prognostic marker in patients with subsequent cancer. We therefore conducted a nationwide population-based Danish cohort study to evaluate whether a history of cutaneuos SCC has prognostic impact in patients with one of the following index cancers: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), or cancer of the lung, colon, rectum, breast, or prostate.

Johannesdottir, Sigrun Alba; Lash, Timothy L

2012-01-01

169

Discrepancies between the medical record and the reports of patients with acute coronary syndrome regarding important aspects of the medical history  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many critical treatment decisions are based on the medical history of patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS. Discrepancies between the medical history documented by a health professional and the patient's own report may therefore have important health consequences. Methods Medical histories of 117 patients with an ACS were documented. A questionnaire assessing the patient's health history was then completed by 62 eligible patients. Information about 13 health conditions with relevance to ACS management was obtained from the questionnaire and the medical record. Concordance between these two sources and reasons for discordance were identified. Results There was significant variation in agreement, from very poor in angina (kappa Conclusion Discrepancies in aspects of the medical history may have important effects on the care of ACS patients. Future research focused on identifying the most effective and efficient means to obtain accurate health information may improve ACS patient care quality and safety.

Eze-Nliam Chete

2012-03-01

170

Conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer - Longer duration of acute genitourinary toxicity in patients with prior history of invasive urological procedure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The incidence and predictors of acute toxicity were evaluated in patients treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for localized prostate cancer. Between December 1997 and November 1999, 116 patients with T1-T3 prostatic carcinoma were enrolled in the study. Ninety patients were treated with 70 Gy and 26 patients with T3 tumors received 74 Gy. Of the 116 patients 42 (36.2%) had a prior history of invasive urological procedure (IUP) (transurethral resection of the prostate or transvesical prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia). Acute gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) symptoms were graded according to the EORTC/RTOG scoring system. Toxicity duration after the completion of 3D-CRT was recorded. The majority of patients experienced only mild or no (Grade 1) acute toxicities. Medications for GI and GU symptoms (Grade 2) were required by 28.4% and 12.9% of patients, respectively. Only one case of Grade 3 GI toxicity (0.9%) was observed. Seven patients (6.1%) experienced severe GU toxicity (Grade 3 or 4). No correlation was found between acute toxicity and age, stage, dose (70 Gy vs. 74 Gy), IUP and pelvic lymphadenectomy. A significant relationship was observed between the duration of acute GU toxicity and prior IUP. Symptoms persisted for more than 4 weeks in 51.9% and 26.0% of patients with and without a prior history of IUP, respectively (p = 0.02). The incidence of acute complications, associated with 3D-CRT for prostate cancer, was acceptable in our cohort of patients. A prior history of IUP resulted in a significantly longer duration of acute GU toxicity

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Conformal radiotherapy for prostate cancer - Longer duration of acute genitourinary toxicity in patients with prior history of invasive urological procedure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The incidence and predictors of acute toxicity were evaluated in patients treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for localized prostate cancer. Between December 1997 and November 1999, 116 patients with T1-T3 prostatic carcinoma were enrolled in the study. Ninety patients were treated with 70 Gy and 26 patients with T3 tumors received 74 Gy. Of the 116 patients 42 (36.2%) had a prior history of invasive urological procedure (IUP) (transurethral resection of the prostate or transvesical prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia). Acute gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) symptoms were graded according to the EORTC/RTOG scoring system. Toxicity duration after the completion of 3D-CRT was recorded. The majority of patients experienced only mild or no (Grade 1) acute toxicities. Medications for GI and GU symptoms (Grade 2) were required by 28.4% and 12.9% of patients, respectively. Only one case of Grade 3 GI toxicity (0.9%) was observed. Seven patients (6.1%) experienced severe GU toxicity (Grade 3 or 4). No correlation was found between acute toxicity and age, stage, dose (70 Gy vs. 74 Gy), IUP and pelvic lymphadenectomy. A significant relationship was observed between the duration of acute GU toxicity and prior IUP. Symptoms persisted for more than 4 weeks in 51.9% and 26.0% of patients with and without a prior history of IUP, respectively (p = 0.02). The incidence of acute complications, associated with 3D-CRT for prostate cancer, was acceptable in our cohort of patients. A prior history of IUP resulted in a significantly longer duration of acute GU toxicity.

Odrazka, Karel; Vanasek, Jaroslav; Vaculikova, Miloslava; Petera, Jiri; Zouhar, Milan; Zoul, Zdenk; Stejskal, Jan; Skrabkova, Zuzana; Kadeka, David [Charles Univ. Medical School and Teaching Hospital, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic). Dept. of Radiotherapy and Oncology

2001-11-01

172

Desnutrição e inadequação alimentar de pacientes aguardando transplante hepático Malnutrition and inadequate food intake of patients in the waiting list for liver transplant  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O estado nutricional de pacientes em lista de espera para transplante hepático deve ser avaliado devido ao risco elevado de deficiências nutricionais desses doentes, sendo este o objetivo do presente estudo. MÉTODOS: Em 13 meses, pacientes candidatos a transplante de fígado foram avaliados nutricionalmente pela técnica de Avaliação Global Subjetiva (AGS e a ingestão alimentar foi quantificada pelo recordatório de 24 horas. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 159 pacientes, média de idade de 50 ± 10,6 anos, sendo 71,1% homens. A desnutrição foi encontrada em 74,7% dos pacientes, com 28% de desnutridos graves. Essa foi associada à gravidade da doença por Child-Pugh, à presença de edema e/ou ascite, aos episódios prévios de encefalopatia hepática, ao uso de mais de três medicamentos e aos baixos níveis de atividade física (pOBJECTIVE: Nutritional status of patients in the waiting list for liver transplant must be assessed due to the many risk factors associated with nutritional deficiencies. This was the aim of the study. METHODS: Throughout a period of 13 months, patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation were nutritionally assessed by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA and food intake was assessed by using the 24 hour recall instrument. RESULTS: 159 patients were included, mean age 50.5 +10.6 years and 71.1% were men. Overall malnutrition according to SGA was 74.7%, with 28% of patients considered severely malnourished. Malnutrition was associated with Child-Pugh score, presence of ascites and/or edema, previous episodes of encephalopathy and use of three or more medications and lower levels of physical activity. Socio-economic aspects, etiology of the disease and MELD score did not affect the nutritional status (p = NS. Calorie needs were not reached by 90.7% of patients and 75.7% of them did not reach protein requirements. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, malnutrition is highly prevalent amongst patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation and most do not meet nutritional requirements which certainly contribute to the vicious cycle leading to a deranged nutritional status.

Lívia Garcia Ferreira

2009-01-01

173

Association of Dietary Vitamin C and E Intake and Antioxidant Enzymes in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Diabetes mellitus consist of a various metabolic diseases such as hyperglycemia, increase glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c and disorder in antioxidant enzymes activity, hence supplementing with antioxidant nutrients, mainly vitamin C and E seems to reduce oxidative injure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM. Aim: To evaluate outcome of vitamin C and E supplementation on type 2 DM patients. Setting and Design: The study was completed in 170 T2DM on consumption of vitamin C, E, combination of C & E and placebo. Materials and Methods: The cases groups of this study consist of two major groups, which were named supplementation and placebo group. The group of supplementation consisted of 3 sub-groups, which received three capsules per day for a phase of three months. The parameters such as HbA1c, glucose, superoxide dismutase (SOD and glutathione peroxides (GSH were evaluated in baseline and after three months with supplementation. Statistical Analyses: The statistical analyses were evaluated with the use of mean ± SD, ANOVA-test and paired-sample t-test. Results: Mean age of 170 patients, 84 male and 86 female were 53.82±5.26 in the range of 30-60 years. The blood pressure results showed significant differences between the all supplement groups in baseline as compared to after receiving supplements (p<0.05. Use of vitamin C, E, and E & C showed significant differences in concentration of plasma FBS and HbA1c (p<0.05 & <0.001, but there was no significant differences in placebo groups. SOD and GSH enzymes levels showed a significant increased after consumption of vitamins in supplementation groups (p<0.001. Conclusion: This research confirmed that subjects with T2DM after three months supplementation of vitamins demonstrated significantly low level of hypertension, decrease levels of blood glucose, and increase SOD and GSH enzyme activity that can probably reduce insulin resistance by enhanced lowering oxidative stress parameters.

Zahra Rafighi

2013-01-01

174

Clinicopathological Characteristics and Prognosis of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Associated with a Family History of Lung Cancer  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC patients with a family history of lung cancer (FHLC have not been well established.Methods: Clinical records of patients with NSCLC treated at our institute from 1982 to 2010 were reviewed with special reference to family history of lung cancer and clinicopathological factors including patient's outcome. Univariate analyses of the factors between the groups of FHLC and non-FHLC were performed using unpaired two-tailed t tests or the chi-square test. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the hazard ratio of death.Results: Of the 1013 NSCLC patients, 124 (12.2% had a FHLC of whom 119 (96% were the first-degree relatives. The frequency of early stages of lung cancer was high in both groups of FHLC and non-FHLC patients. Patients with FHLC had a significantly higher frequency of early pathological stages and a prepomderance of adenocarcinoma, and a hazard ratio of death of 0.870 (95% confidence interval: 0.599-1.263, p value: 0.465 compared with the non-FHLC patients.Conclusions: NSCLC patients with FHLC could be characterized by early pathological stages and preponderance of adenocarcinoma, however they were not at a decreased hazard ratio of death. These findings emphasize the importance of early detection of lung cancer and employment of less invasive therapeutic interventions.

Shuji Haraguchi, Kiyoshi Koizumi, Iwao Mikami, Okamoto Junichi, Yoshihito Iijima, Takayuki Ibi, Kazuo Shimizu

2012-01-01

175

Immunoepidemiological profiling of onchocerciasis patients reveals associations with microfilaria loads and ivermectin intake on both individual and community levels.  

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Mass drug administration (MDA) programmes against Onchocerca volvulus use ivermectin (IVM) which targets microfilariae (MF), the worm's offspring. Most infected individuals are hyporesponsive and present regulated immune responses despite high parasite burden. Recently, with MDA programmes, the existence of amicrofilaridermic (a-MF) individuals has become apparent but little is known about their immune responses. Within this immunoepidemiological study, we compared parasitology, pathology and immune profiles in infection-free volunteers and infected individuals that were MF(+) or a-MF. The latter stemmed from villages in either Central or Ashanti regions of Ghana which, at the time of the study, had received up to eight or only one round of MDA respectively. Interestingly, a-MF patients had fewer nodules and decreased IL-10 responses to all tested stimuli. On the other hand, this patient group displayed contrary IL-5 profiles following in vitro stimulation or in plasma and the dampened response in the latter correlated to reduced eosinophils and associated factors but elevated neutrophils. Furthermore, multivariable regression analysis with covariates MF, IVM or the region (Central vs. Ashanti) revealed that immune responses were associated with different covariates: whereas O. volvulus-specific IL-5 responses were primarily associated with MF, IL-10 secretion had a negative correlation with times of individual IVM therapy (IIT). All plasma parameters (eosinophil cationic protein, IL-5, eosinophils and neutrophils) were highly associated with MF. With regards to IL-17 secretion, although no differences were observed between the groups to filarial-specific or bystander stimuli, these responses were highly associated with the region. These data indicate that immune responses are affected by both, IIT and the rounds of IVM MDA within the community. Consequently, it appears that a lowered infection pressure due to IVM MDA may affect the immune profile of community members even if they have not regularly participated in the programmes. PMID:24587458

Arndts, Kathrin; Specht, Sabine; Debrah, Alexander Y; Tamarozzi, Francesca; Klarmann Schulz, Ute; Mand, Sabine; Batsa, Linda; Kwarteng, Alexander; Taylor, Mark; Adjei, Ohene; Martin, Coralie; Layland, Laura E; Hoerauf, Achim

2014-02-01

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The prognostic importance of a history of hypertension in patients with symptomatic heart failure is substantially worsened by a short mitral inflow deceleration time  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Hypertension is a common comorbidity in patients with heart failure and may contribute to development and course of disease, but the importance of a history of hypertension in patients with prevalent heart failure remains uncertain.

Andersson, Charlotte; Gislason, Gunnar H

2012-01-01

177

Improving students' confidence levels in communicating with patients and introducing students to the importance of history taking  

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Background: Radiographers can have a marked impact on the way patients deal with their illness because they are often one of the first health professionals that patients see. Therefore, it is essential that radiographers have effective communication skills and are able to provide patients with the information they require. The purpose of this study was to test whether the introduction of additional education on communication and history taking improved students' communication skills. Methods: A short program on communication skills and history taking was introduced to third year undergraduate students prior to a clinical placements period. Three workshops were run; the third included a role play exercise using professional actors as simulated patients. Students completed questionnaires at baseline, following the three workshops and after their subsequent clinical placement. Descriptive statistics were calculated and logistic regression Generalized Estimating Equations models were fitted to test for differences over time in students' confidence levels. Results: Twenty-seven out of 36 students completed the baseline and final surveys. Students indicated they were highly satisfied with the workshops provided. Statistically significant differences were observed for seven items relating to student's confidence levels in communicating with patients after they had participated in the workshops and their subsequent clinical placement. Conclusion: The use of communication skills workshops involving actor/patients is an effective method of assisting students to develop their communication and history taking skills. This program has now been implemented into the mentioned undergraduate course and it is recommended that radiography students at other institutions be provided with the opportunity to develop their communication and history taking skills.

Halkett, Georgia K.B., E-mail: g.halkett@curtin.edu.a [WA Centre for Cancer and Palliative Care/Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); McKay, Janice [Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Shaw, Therese [Child Health Promotion Research Centre, School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia)

2011-02-15

178

[Magnesium intake and cardiovascular disease].  

Science.gov (United States)

This article includes historical sketch of magnesium research, basic researches on effect of magnesium on cardiovascular disease, practical researches (including clinical studies) on relationship between magnesium intake and cardiovascular disease and current status of intake amount of magnesium in Japanese estimated by the national nutrition survey in Japan, 2002. Basic studies revealed the mechanism that magnesium deficiency may decrease ATPase, leading to increase in intracellular calcium of blood vessels, and then the vasoconstriction occurs in cardiovascular system. Clinical studies clarified that magnesium levels in serum decreased significantly in patients with ischemic heart disease. The National Nutrition Survey in Japan revealed that intake amount of magnesium of people for 15 - 49 year male and female were below the recommended dietary allowance of magnesium in Japan. PMID:15692152

Itokawa, Yoshinori

2005-02-01

179

[Arterial hypertension and salt intake].  

Science.gov (United States)

More than 25% of adult population worldwide and according to the EHUH study 37% of the adult population of Croatia have hypertension. In the last decades, a dramatic increase has been recorded in the prevalence of hypertension, and it is predicted that this trend will lead to an even higher prevalence in the near future. This could primarily be explained by strong influence of environmental factors. Many epidemiological and interventional studies have proved that high salt intake is one of the most important risk factors. High salt intake increases total peripheral vascular resistance, induces oxidative stress and inflammation, thus accelerating the atherosclerotic process. Independently of the effects on blood pressure, salt intake promotes left ventricular hypertrophy and microalbuminuria and increases the risk of stroke. Interventional studies have shown that salt intake reduction is associated with lower blood pressure and lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Reducing salt intake in daily meals should be the main measure in primary prevention of cardiovascular and renal diseases, and it should be repeatedly emphasized not only to hypertensive patients, but also to the population at large. PMID:20649075

Jelakovi?, Bojan; Vukovi?, Ivana; Reiner, Zeljko

2010-05-01

180

Double balloon endoscopy increases the ERCP success rate in patients with a history of Billroth II gastrectomy  

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Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the effect of double balloon endoscope (DBE on the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP success rate in patients with a history of Billroth II (B II gastrectomy.METHODS: From April 2006 to March 2007, 32 patients with a B II gastrectomy underwent 34 ERCP attempts. In all cases, the ERCP procedures were started using a duodenoscope. If intubation of the afferent loop or reaching the papilla failed, we changed to DBE for the ERCP procedure (DBE-ERCP. We assessed the success rate of afferent loop intubation, reaching the major papilla, selective cannulation, possibility of therapeutic approaches, procedure-related complications, and the overall success rate.RESULTS: Among the 32 patients with a history of B II gastrectomy, the duodenoscope was successfully passed up to the papilla in 22 patients (69%, and cannulation was successfully performed in 20 patients (63%. Six patients (2 with failure in afferent loop intubation and 4 with failure in reaching the papilla underwent DBE-ERCP. The DBE reached the papilla in all the 6 patients (100% and selective cannulation was successful in 5 patients (83%. Four patients (67% who had common bile duct stones were successfully treated. One patient underwent diagnostic ERCP only and the other one, in whom selective cannulation failed, was diagnosed with papilla cancer proven by biopsy. There were no complications related to the DBE. The overall ERCP success rate increased to 88% (28/32.CONCLUSION: The overall ERCP success rate increases with DBE in patients with a previous B II gastrectomy.

Cheng-Hui Lin, Jui-Hsiang Tang, Chi-Liang Cheng, Yung-Kuan Tsou, Hao-Tsai Cheng, Mu-Hsien Lee, Kai-Feng Sung, Ching-Song Lee, Nai-Jen Liu

2010-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Reducing salt intake for prevention of cardiovascular diseases in high-risk patients by advanced health education intervention (RESIP-CVD study, Northern Thailand: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Decreasing salt consumption can prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVD. Practically, it is difficult to promote people’s awareness of daily salt intake and to change their eating habits in terms of reducing salt intake for better cardiovascular health. Health education programs visualizing daily dietary salt content and intake may promote lifestyle changes in patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods/Design This is a cluster randomized trial. A total of 800 high-CVD-risk patients attending diabetes and hypertension clinics at health centers in Muang District, Chiang Rai province, Thailand, will be studied with informed consent. A health center recruiting 100 participants is a cluster, the unit of randomization. Eight clusters will be randomized into intervention and control arms and followed up for 1?year. Within the intervention clusters the following will be undertaken: (1 salt content in the daily diet will be measured and shown to study participants; (2 24-hour salt intake will be estimated in overnight-collected urine and the results shown to the participants; (3 a dietician will assist small group health education classes in cooking meals with less salt. The primary outcome is blood pressure change at the 1-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes at the 1-year follow-up are estimated 24-hoursalt intake, incidence of CVD events and CVD death. The intention-to-treat analysis will be followed. Blood pressure and estimated 24-hour salt intake will be compared between intervention and control groups at the cluster and individual level at the 1-year follow-up. Clinical CVD events and deaths will be analyzed by time-event analysis. Retinal blood vessel calibers of CVD-risk patients will be assessed cross-sectionally. Behavioral change to reduce salt intake and the influencing factors will be determined by structured equation model (SEM. Multilevel regression analyses will be applied. Finally, the cost effectiveness of the intervention will be analyzed. Discussion This study is unique as it will recruit the individuals most vulnerable to CVD morbidity and mortality by applying the general Framingham CVD risk scoring system. Dietary salt reduction will be applied as a prioritized, community level intervention for the prevention of CVD in a developing country. Trial registration ISRCTN39416277

Aung Myo

2012-09-01

182

Some hypersonic intake studies  

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A 'two dimensional' air intake comprisipg a wedge followed by an isentropic compression has been tested in the Cranfield Gun Tunnel at Mach 8,2. These tests were performed to investigate qualitatively the intake flow starting process. The effects of cowl position, Reynolds number, boundary-layer trip and introduction of a small restriction in the intake duct were investigated. Schlieren pictures of the flow on the compression surface and around the intake entrance were taken. Results showed t...

Lanson, F.; Stollery, J. L.

2006-01-01

183

Inflammatory markers in patients with metabolic syndrome after the intake of fatty acids n-3 and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA  

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Full Text Available ABSTRACTIntroduction: The metabolic syndrome (MS increa -ses the odds of dying for cardiovascular disease, theworld’s leading cause of death. It has been shown thatpolyunsaturated fatty acids have a protective role in cardiovascular disease and its comorbidities.Objective: To assess the effect of three kinds ofpolyunsaturated fatty acids on the chronic inflammation in MS.Methods: The study group was 45 adults with MSdiagnose according to IDF criteria. Each group of treatment was assigned cuasi-randomly to 15 subjects during six weeks: a 1.8 g/d n-3 (1.08 g eicosapentoaenoicacid EPA + 0.72 g docosahexaenoic acid DHA, b 2.0g/d conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, 50:50, cis9:trans11,trans10:cis12, c 40 g/d walnut Juglans regia. The results at the beginning and the end of the essay werecompared in each group, using the t-Student test and p <0.01 as statistical signification value.Results:In the patients supplemented with n-3 fattyacids, significantly decreased the level of IL-6 (from9.81 ±1.28 to 8.47 ±0.81 pg/ml, p=0.002, leptin(from 25.94 ±5.06 ng/ml to 20.53 ±3.96 ng/ml,p=0.003 and homocysteine (from 18.80 ±1.95 to16.72 ±1.99 µmol/l, p=0.007, in erythrocytes decreased the percentage ?-linolenic content (from 1.90±0.77 to 1.26 ±0.17 %, p=0.004 and the n6/n3 rate(from 4.48 ±1.06 to 3.11 a ±0.60, p=0.000, while increased the percentage of EPA (from 1.13 ±0.45 to1.58 ±0.42 %, p=0.009 and DHA (from 2.61 ±0.36 to4.64 ±0.91 %, p=0.000. In the group that consumedwalnut declined the levels of TNF-? (from 8.75 ±2.06pg/ml to 6.68 ±0.97 pg/ml, p=0.002 and IL-6 (from10.61 ±1.45 to 8.72 ±0.79 pg/ml, p=0.000, in erythrocytes increased the ?-linolenic content (from 1.86±0.65 to 2.62 ±0.72 %, p=0.005. In the group thatconsumed CLA decreased the level of homocysteine(from 18.01 ±2.65 to 15.34 ±2.26 µmol/l, p=0.006.Conclusions: The groups that consumed n-3 fattyacids in supplements (EPA/DHA and in walnut, becameevident the modification in the erythrocyte fatty acidscontent, which could be associated to the reduction ofpro inflammatory state. In the group that consumedCLA the homocysteine level decreased without changesin the other markers or erythrocyte fatty acids.

Campos Mondragón, M.G; Oliart Ros, R. M. ; Angulo Guerrero, J. O.

2013-03-01

184

Patient Impression and Satisfaction of a Self-administered, Automated Medical History-taking Device in the Emergency Department  

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Full Text Available Introduction: We evaluated patient impressions and satisfaction of an innovative self-administered, hand-held touch-screen tablet to gather detailed medical information from emergency department (ED patients in the waiting room prior to physician contact. Methods: Adult, medically stable patients presenting to the ED at Los Angeles County Hospital used the PatientTouche system to answer a series of questions about their current history of present illness and past medical/surgical histories in English or Spanish. Patients then completed a survey rating their experience. Results: Among 173 participants, opinion of PatientTouche was strongly positive; 93.6% (95%CI 90.0–97.3% felt the physical product was easy to hold and handle, and 97.1% (94.6–99.6% felt the questions were detailed enough for them to fully describe their condition; 97.8% (95.4–100.0% felt using PatientTouche would help them organize their thoughts and communicate better with their physician, 94.8% (91.4–98.1% thought it would improve the quality of their care, and 97.1% (94.6– 99.6% expressed desire to use the product again in the future. Conclusion: The study was conducted at a largely Hispanic county ED, and only patients with 1 of 6 pre-determined chief complaints participated. We did not include a control group to assess if perceived improvements in communication translated to measurable differences. In this pilot study, patients were highly satisfied with all aspects of the PatientTouche self-administered, hand-held, touch-screen tablet. Importantly, subjects felt it would help them better communicate with their doctor, would improve their overall quality of care and overwhelmingly expressed a desire to use it in the future. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(1:35–40.

Sanjay Arora

2014-02-01

185

Underuse of long-term routine hospital follow-up care in patients with a history of breast cancer?  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background After primary treatment for breast cancer, patients are recommended to use hospital follow-up care routinely. Long-term data on the utilization of this follow-up care are relatively rare. Methods Information regarding the utilization of routine hospital follow-up care was retrieved from hospital documents of 662 patients treated for breast cancer. Utilization of hospital follow-up care was defined as the use of follow-up care according to the guidelines in that period of time. Determinants of hospital follow up care were evaluated with multivariate analysis by generalized estimating equations (GEE. Results The median follow-up time was 9.0 (0.3-18.1 years. At fifth and tenth year after diagnosis, 16.1% and 33.5% of the patients had less follow-up visits than recommended in the national guideline, and 33.1% and 40.4% had less frequent mammography than recommended. Less frequent mammography was found in older patients (age > 70; OR: 2.10; 95%CI: 1.62-2.74, patients with comorbidity (OR: 1.26; 95%CI: 1.05-1.52 and patients using hormonal therapy (OR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.01-2.25. Conclusions Most patients with a history of breast cancer use hospital follow-up care according to the guidelines. In older patients, patients with comorbidity and patients receiving hormonal therapy yearly mammography is performed much less than recommended.

Schaapveld Michael

2011-06-01

186

Study of myocardial viability using thallium-201 in patients with a history of infarctions: Is reinjection necessary?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An analysis was performed of 84 patients with a history of myocardial infarction using the thallium-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) test and employing the technique of reinjection of the radioisotope 201Tl at rest. A study was conducted during the period of maximum stress, four hours and one hour after reinjection of 37 MBq of 201Tl. The presence and extent of reperfusion was determined. In addition, the incidence of ischaemia was correlated with four clinical parameters which might influence its occurrence: development period of the infarction (greater or less than 30 days), Q wave in the electrocardiogram, prior use of streptokinase, and angina. Twenty-seven patients exhibited partial reperfusion at rest which increased significantly in 14 of the patients after thallium reinjection. Moreover, 22 patients only exhibited reperfusion with reinjection. There was no relation between the clinical parameters evaluated and the incidence of ischaemia. In conclusion, with thallium reinjection 43% more patients can be detected with viable areas of myocardium which are not evident at rest. The clinical parameters evaluated are no help in predicting ischaemia with thallium. The routine use of reinjection is recommended to evaluate myocardial viability in patients with a history of infarction. (author). 14 refs, 2 figs

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Significance of cardiac sympathetic nervous system abnormality for predicting origin of tachyarrhythmia in patients with a history of paroxysmal palpitation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cardiac sympathetic nervous system abnormality can predict sudden cardiac death due to arrhythmia. However, it is unknown whether the sympathetic nerve abnormality is related to the origin of tachyarrhythmia. We hypothesized that such a relationship exists and tested it by uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) in 184 patients (mean±standard deviation, age: 52.7±18.8 years, 106 males) with a history of paroxysmal palpitation. Patients with organic heart disease or left ventricular dysfunction were excluded. Cardiac sympathetic nerve abnormality was assessed from the heart/mediastinum (H/M) later index and washout ratio (WR). Sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) in 46 patients and sustained supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in 103 patients were diagnosed by electrocardiogram (ECG) during onset of arrhythmia or by electrophysiologic tests employing programmed cardiac stimulation. The tachyarrhythmia was not proven in 35 patients (Control groups). The H/M index was significantly lower and WR significantly higher in tachyarrhythmia groups compared to controls (H/M index: 2.75±0.55 in VT group, 3.01±0.78 in SVT group vs. 3.34±0.48 in control group, p123I-MIBG scintigraphy as an important tool to discriminate the life-threatening tachyarrhythmia from benign episodes in patients with a history of palpitation. (author)

188

Risk of colorectal cancer associated with the C677T polymorphism in 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase in Portuguese patients depends on the intake of methyl-donor nutrients  

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Background: Polymorphisms located in genes involved in the metabolism of folate and some methyl-related nutrients are implicated in colorectal cancer (CRC). Objective: We evaluated the association of 3 genetic polymorphisms [C677T MTHFR (methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase), A2756G MTR (methionine synthase), and C1420T SHMT (serine hydroxymethyltransferase)] with the intake of methyl-donor nutrients in CRC risk. Design: Patients withCRC(n 196) and healthy controls (n 200) matched for a...

Guerreiro, Catarina Sousa; Carmona, Bruno; Gonc?alves, Susana; Carolino, Elisabete; Fidalgo, Paulo; Brito, Miguel; Leita?o, Carlos Nobre; Cravo, Mari?lia

2008-01-01

189

Patrón de ingesta en un grupo de pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable: relación de la ingesta de fibra con los síntomas / Dietary intake of a group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome: relation between dietary fiber and symptoms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la ingesta de un grupo de pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable y compararla con las ingestas internacionales recomendadas. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron un total de 53 pacientes con síndrome de intestino irritable seleccionados con [...] un muestreo no probabilístico consecutivo. Los pacientes habían sido diagnosticados de síndrome de intestino irritable (SII) siguiendo los Criterios de Roma II. A todos los pacientes se les determinó el peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, encuesta dietética de 3 días y un test de evaluación de síntomas. Resultados: Los 53 pacientes pesentaban una edad media de 45,67+13,6 años y una distribución por sexo de (22 varones/31 mujeres). La ingesta calórica total fue adecuada en valores absolutos y al corregir por peso del paciente. La distribución de calorías fue un 41,5% en forma de carbohidratos, un 19,8 en proteinas y un 38,7% en lípidos, estos datos muestran un claro exceso en el consumo de grasas y defecto en el consumo de hidratos de carbono. Existió una baja ingesta de vitaminas A y D. La ingesta de vitamina B12, vitamina C y niacina fue superior que las recomendaciones internacionales. Con respecto a los minerales, existió un claro déficit de la ingesta de calcio, magnesio, yodo y zinc. Al realizar el análisis en fibra soluble e insoluble, la primera fue inferior (fibra soluble 1,46 ± 0,74 g/día) (19%), la fibra insoluble representó 6,21 ± 2,67 g/día (71%). La ingesta corregida de fibra por calorías fue baja 4,5 ± 1,2 por cada 1.000 calorías. En el análisis de correlación sólo se correlacionó la fibra insoluble (r=-0,46; p Abstract in english Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the oral dietary intake of a group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome and to compate with international recommendations. Patients and methods: A total of 53 patients with irritable bowel syndrome was enrolled in a non-propabilistic sample. Pati [...] ens were diagnose with Roma II criteria. In all patients were determined, weight, height, body mass index, dietary intake of 3 days and a symptoms scoring system. Results: The average age of 53 patients was 45.67±13.6 years with a distribution of sex (22 males/31 females). Caloric intakes was righ in absolut terms and corrected by weight. Distribution of calories was 41.5% of carbohidrates, a 19.8% of proteins, and a 38.7% of lipids, showing a high intake of lipids and low of carbohidrates. A low intake of vitamin A and D was detected. High intake of vitamin B12, vitamin C and niacine was observed. A low intake of calcium, magnesium, yodo and zinc was detected. Intake of soluble fiber was lower than insoluble fiber (1.46±0.74 g/day) (19%) vs 6.21±2.67 g/day (71%). Intake of fiber corrected by calories was low 4.5±1.2 g/1000 calories. In correlation analysis, insoluble fiber (r=0.46; p

R., Aller; D. A. de, Luis; O., Izaola; F., La Calle; L. del, Olmo; L., Fernández; T., Arranz; J. M., González Hernández.

190

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in a Male Patient With History of Renal Cell Carcinoma Status Post Nephrectomy  

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Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a condition whose symptoms are recurring attacks of intense nausea, vomiting and sometimes abdominal pain and/or headaches or migraines. Cyclic vomiting usually develops during the childhood ages of 3 - 7; whereas it often remits during adolescence, it can persist into adult life. We report a case of a 57 years old Caucasian male with a history of renal cell carcinoma status post left nephrectomy presenting with a 7 years history of intermittent nausea and vo...

Ezra, Navid; Patel, Sonal; Kashefi, Mehran

2010-01-01

191

The efficacy of telephonic follow up in prevention of suicidal reattempt in patients with suicide attempt history  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: prevention of suicide is one of priority world health. Suicide is one of the preventable causes of death. The aim of this study is evaluation of telephone follow up on suicide reattempt. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial is a prospective study which has been done in Noor Hospital of Isfahan-Iran, at 2010. 139 patients who have suicide attempt history divided in one of two groups, randomly, 70 patients in” treatment as usual (TAU)” and 69 patients in “brief interventional control (BIC). Seven telephone contact with BIC group patients have been done “during six months” and two questionnaires have been filled in each session. The data has been analyzed by descriptive and Chi-square test, under SPSS. Results: No significant differences of suicide reattempt has been found between two groups (P = 0.18), but significant reduction in frequency of suicidal thoughts (P = 0.007) and increase in hope at life (P = 0.001) was shown in intervention group. Conclusion: Telephones follow up in patients with suicide history decrease suicidal thought frequency” and increase hope in life, significantly. PMID:25337528

Mousavi, Seyed Ghafur; Zohreh, Rabiei; Maracy, Mohammad Reza; Ebrahimi, Amrollah; Sharbafchi, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

192

Natural history of cytomegalovirus infection in a series of patients diagnosed with moderate-severe ulcerative colitis  

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Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the natural history of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV infection in a series of 28 ulcerative colitis patients in whom the search for HCMV was positive.METHODS: A series of 85 patients with moderate-severe ulcerative colitis flare-up were evaluated for a HCMV search by performing a haematoxylin and eosin stain, immunohistochemical assay and nested polymerase chain reaction on rectal biopsies. Among 85 screened patients (19 of whom were steroid resistant/dependant, 28 were positive for HCMV; after remission the patients were followed up clinically and histologically.RESULTS: Among the 22 patients with complete follow-up, in 8 (36% patients HCMV-DNA persisted in the intestinal specimens. Among the HCMV positive patients, 4 (50% experienced at least one moderate-severe flare-up of colitis without evidence of peripheral HCMV. Among the 14 HCMV negative patients, 3 with pouches developed pouchitis and 5 out of 11 (45% experienced a colitis flare-up.CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results suggest that HCMV may remain in the colon after an acute colitis flare-up despite remission; it seems that the virus is not responsible for the disease relapse.

Valeria Criscuoli

2011-02-01

193

Hemophilia in the newborn without family history: Pattern of clinical presentation of three patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Hemophilia is the most frequently diagnosed inborn clotting factor deficiency in the newborn. In about half of the cases diagnosis is made during neonatal period. However, due to different clinical presentation comparing to older children, hemophilia in the newborn could be misdiagnosed, especially in the setting of negative family history. Case report. Clinical features of three newborns with negative family history for hemophilia are described. All three newborns were the first born children with uneventful perinatal history, and they were referred for investigation of convulsions, soft tissue tumorous mass and sepsis, respectively. Prompt diagnosis of underlying bleeding disorder and adequate substitution therapy lead to the good outcome in all three boys. Conclusion. Symptoms and signs of hemophilia in the newborn could be at time misleading and contribute to delayed treatment. High index of suspicion on inherited bleeding disorder is warranted in every neonate with intracranial bleeding.

Kuzmanovi? Miloš

2010-01-01

194

Associações entre ingestão energética, proteica e de fósforo em pacientes portadores de doença renal crônica em tratamento hemodialítico / Associations between energy, protein, and phosphorus intakes in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A nutrição desempenha papel fundamental nas doenças renais. A recomendação nutricional deve ofertar uma dieta hiperproteica, adequada em energia e fósforo segundo o Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI). É necessário controlar e/ou prevenir as complicações da Doença Renal C [...] rônica (DRC), pois ela impõe desafios clínicos diretamente ligados ao estado nutricional. OBJETIVO: Investigar as associações entre a ingestão energética, proteica e de fósforo em pacientes em hemodiálise (HD). PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional envolvendo 72 pacientes em HD, em dois hospitais de Porto Alegre/RS/Brasil. Foram coletados dados referentes ao perfil antropométrico (peso, altura e índice de massa corporal - IMC) e do registro alimentar de três dias (ingestão de energia, proteína e fósforo). O teste de correlação de Spearman foi utilizado para avaliar as associações entre as variáveis do registro alimentar (p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Nutrition plays an important role in kidney disease. The nutritional recommendation is to offer a high-protein diet, adequate in energy and phosphorus according to the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines. Control and/or prevention of the complications of chro [...] nic kidney disease (CKD) are essential, because CKD poses clinical challenges directly related to the nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible associations between energy, protein, and phosphorus intakes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Observational study involving 72 HD patients from two hospitals in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Anthropometric data [weight, height, body mass index (IMB)] were collected and three-day food intake (daily energy, protein, and phosphorus intakes) was recorded. Spearman correlation was used to evaluate associations between food intake variables (p

Denise Entrudo, Pinto; Laura Sulzbach, Ullmann; Mariana Marroni, Burmeister; Ivan Carlos Ferreira, Antonello; Alessandra, Pizzato.

2009-12-01

195

The once-daily human GLP-1 analogue liraglutide impacts appetite and energy intake in patients with type 2 diabetes after short-term treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim was to investigate effects of liraglutide on appetite and energy intake in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study. Eighteen subjects with type 2 diabetes were assigned to treatment with once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide (increasing by weekly 0.6?mg increments) or placebo for 3?weeks. Appetite ratings were assessed using visual analogue scales during a 5-h meal test. Energy and macronutrient intake during the subsequent ad libitum lunch were also measured. After 3?weeks, mean postprandial and minimum hunger ratings were significantly lower with liraglutide 1.8?mg than placebo (p?intake was 18% lower for liraglutide than placebo [estimated ratio 0.82 (95% CI 0.73;0.94); p?=?0.004], but no significant differences in macronutrient distribution were noted. Findings suggest that reduced appetite and energy intake may contribute to liraglutide-induced weight loss. PMID:23551925

Flint, A; Kapitza, C; Zdravkovic, M

2013-10-01

196

Mortality and cardiovascular risk in patients with a history of malignant hypertension: a case-control study.  

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The survival of patients with malignant hypertension (MHT) has considerably improved over the past decades. Data regarding the excess risk of mortality and the contribution of conventional cardiovascular risk factors are lacking. The authors retrospectively assessed cardiovascular risk factors and all-cause mortality in 120 patients with a history of MHT and compared them with 120 normotensive and 120 hypertensive age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched controls. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and body mass index were lower in MHT patients compared with hypertensive controls, whereas blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and smoking habit were similar. Median estimated glomerular filtration rate was lower in MHT patients compared with normotensive and hypertensive controls (both PMHT patients (2.6) compared with normotensive (0.2) and hypertensive (0.5) controls (both PMHT remains high compared with normotensive and hypertensive controls. Patients with MHT had a more favorable cardiovascular risk profile compared with hypertensive controls but a higher prevalence of renal insufficiency. PMID:24373528

Amraoui, Fouad; Van Der Hoeven, Niels V; Van Valkengoed, Irene G M; Vogt, Liffert; Van Den Born, Bert-Jan H

2014-02-01

197

Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms  

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Some Lyme disease patients report debilitating chronic symptoms of pain, fatigue, and cognitive deficits despite recommended courses of antibiotic treatment. The mechanisms responsible for these symptoms, collectively referred to as post-Lyme disease syndrome (PLS) or chronic Lyme disease, remain unclear. We investigated the presence of immune system abnormalities in PLS by assessing the levels of antibodies to neural proteins in patients and controls. Serum samples from PLS patients, post-Ly...

Chandra, Abhishek; Wormser, Gary P.; Klempner, Mark S.; Trevino, Richard P.; Crow, Mary K.; Latov, Norman; Alaedini, Armin

2010-01-01

198

Chromosome aberrations and transforming genes in leukemic and non-leukemic patients with a history of atomic bomb exposure  

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To investigate leukemogenesis in atomic bomb (A-bomb) survivors, chromosome aberrations in bone marrow cells, and T- and B-lymphocytes from 135 healthy persons who had been exposed within 1,000 m of the hypocenter of the Hiroshima A-bomb were sequentially examined. Leukemic marrow cells from 468 patients with acute or chronic type of leukemias, including 25 acute leukemias exposed to 1 rad or more of radiation were also studied cytogenetically. Analysis of breakpoints observed in T-lymphocytes with stable types of abnormalities revealed a nonrandom distribution, and clustering in specific regions of chromosomes such as 22q1, 14q3, and 5q3. Statistical analysis revealed a higher incidence of translocations in 50 bands, including those containing cellular oncogenes such as 8q22, 8q24, and 9q34. Of these 50 bands, 20 were matched with bands specific for leukemia and cancer and 14 with constitutive fragile sites. In leukemic marrow, all 10 patients who had been exposed to radiation of more than 200 rad and then developed acute non-lymphocytic leukemia had chromosome aberrations. Their aberrations were more complex than those in patients exposed to less than 200 rad (33 patients) and in the non-exposed patients (134 patients). DNA samples extracted from bone marrow cells of 13 survivors, including 4 healthy survivors with more than 30% chromosome abnormalities in the bone marrow and 9 leukemia patients were used for in vivo selection assay of transforming genes. Tumor formation in nude mice was observed in 3 of the 4 healthy survivors and 9 leukemia patients. All of the transfectants were shown to contain Alu sequences. The transforming N-ras gene was detected for the first time in the bone marrow cells from 3 heavily exposed survivors and from 7 leukemia patients with a history of radiation exposure.

Kamada, N.; Tanaka, K.; Kasegawa, A.

1987-01-01

199

Hereditary breast cancer. Risk assessment of patients with a family history of breast cancer.  

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OBJECTIVES: To assist family physicians in stratifying women with a family history of breast cancer as being at low, moderate, or high risk of hereditary breast cancer (HBC). To present guidelines for managing each of these risk groups. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search was conducted from January 1976 to December 1997 using key words related to breast cancer risk factors, risk assessment, prevention, and screening. Risk stratification criteria were derived empirically and assessed using r...

Warner, E.; Heisey, R. E.; Goel, V; Carroll, J. C.; Mccready, D. R.

1999-01-01

200

Family history of the cancer on the survival of the patients with gastrointestinal cancer in northern Iran, using frailty models  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Gastrointestinal (GI tract cancer is one of the common causes of the mortality due to cancer in most developing countries such as Iran. The digestive tract is the major organ involved in the cancer. The northern part of the country, surrounded the Caspian Sea coast, is well known and the region with highest regional incidence of the GI tract cancer. In this paper our aim is to study the most common risk factors affecting the survival of the patients suffering from GI tract cancer using parametric models with frailty. Methods This research was a prospective study. Information of 484 cases with GI cancer was collected from Babol Cancer Registration Center during 1990-1991. The risk factors we studied are age, sex, family history of cancer, marital status, smoking status, occupation, race, medication status, education, residence (urban, rural, type of cancer, migration status (indigenous, non-native. The studied cases were followed up until 2006 for 15 years. Hazard ratio was used to interpret the death risk. The effect of the factors in the study on the patients survival are studied under a family of parametric models including Weibull, Exponential, Log-normal, and the Log-logistic model. The models are fitted using with and without frailty. The Akaike information criterion (AIC was considered to compare between competing models. Results Out of 484 patients in the study, 321 (66.3% were males and 163 (33.7% were females. The average age of the patient at the time of the diagnosis was 59 yr and 55 yr for the males and females respectively. Furthermore, 359 (74.2% patients suffered from esophageal, 110 (22.7% patients recognized with gastric, and 15 (3.1% patients with colon cancer. Survival rates after 1, 3, and 5 years of the diagnosis were 24%, 16%, and 15%, respectively. We found that the family history of the cancer is a significant factor on the death risk under all statistical models in the study. The comparison of AIC using the Cox and parametric models showed that the overall fitting was improved under parametric models (with and without frailty. Among parametric models, we found better performance for the log-logistic model with gamma frailty than the others. Using this model, gender and the family history of the cancer were found as significant predictors. Conclusions Results suggested that the early preventative care for patients with family history of the cancer may decrease the risk of the death in the patients with GI cancer. The gender appeared to be an important factor as well so that men experiencing lower risk of death than the women in the study. Since the proportionality assumption of the Cox model was not held (p = 0.0014, the Cox regression model was not an appropriate choice for analysing our data.

Rasouli Mahboobeh

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
201

The water method is effective in difficult colonoscopy - it enhances cecal intubation in unsedated patients with a history of abdominal surgery.  

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BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy in unsedated patients in the US is considered to be difficult. Success rate of cecal intubation is limited by discomfort. Colonoscopy in patients with a history of abdominal surgery is also considered to be difficult due to adhesion-related bowel angulations. The water method has been shown to significantly reduce pain during colonoscopy. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the water method enhances the completion of colonoscopy in unsedated patients with a history of abdominal surgery. DESIGN: The data bases of two parallel RCT were combined and analyzed. SETTING: Two Veterans Affairs endoscopy units. PATIENT AND METHODS: The water and air methods were compared in these two parallel RCT examining unsedated patients. Those with a history of abdominal surgery were selected for evaluation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Completion of unsedated colonoscopy. RESULTS: Among patients with a history of abdominal surgery, the proportion completing unsedated colonoscopy in the water group (19 of 22) was significantly higher than that (11 of 22) in the air group (p=0.0217, Fisher's exact test). LIMITATIONS: Small number of predominantly male veterans, unblinded colonoscopists, not all types of abdominal surgery (e.g. hysterectomy, gastrectomy) predisposing to difficult colonoscopy were represented. CONCLUSION: This proof-of-principle assessment confirms that in patients with a history of abdominal surgery the water method significantly increases the proportion able to complete unsedated colonoscopy. The water method deserves to be evaluated in patients with other factors associated with difficult colonoscopy. PMID:22586531

Leung, Felix W; Mann, Surinder K; Leung, Joseph W; Siao-Salera, Rodelei M; Guy, Jackson

2011-10-01

202

Mutation of ras oncogenes in leukemic patients with a history of atomic bomb exposure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To examine the involvement of ras oncogenes in the development of leukemia in A-bomb survivors, ras oncogene mutation was examined in 25 A-bomb survivors exposed within 3,000 m from the hypocenter in Hiroshima and 47 non-exposed patients. Twenty five A-bomb survivors consisted of 8 with chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML), 4 with refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB), 9 with acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), and 4 with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). For the non-exposed group, CML was seen in 25, one in RAEB, 13 in AML, and 8 in ALL. In vivo selection assay for the exposed group detected N-ras oncogenes in one each patient with CML, ALL and RAEB, and 2 AML patients; and K-ras oncogenes in one CML patient. According to subtypes of leukemia, there was no significant difference in either the incidence of ras oncogenes or mutation site between the exposed and non-exposed groups. Using the combined PCR method and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides, patients with RAEB+AML and ALL in the exposed group were found to have a tendency for slightly decreased incidence of ras oncogene mutation. Overall, 8 patients (33%) in the exposed group had ras oncogene mutation, consisting of 2 CML, 2 RAEB, 3 AML, and one ALL patients. (N.K.)

203

Quality of life, dietary intake and nutritional status assessment in hospital admitted cancer patients / Calidad de vida, ingesta dietética y valoración del estado nutricional en pacientes ingresados con cáncer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron valorar la calidad de vida (QoL), el estado nutricional y la ingesta dietética cuantitativa realizada en pacientes oncológicos no terminales ingresados que recibieron alimentación oral. Así mismo evaluar qué tipo de relación existe entre la calidad de [...] vida, y el estado nutricional y la ingesta actual. Ámbito: Servicio de Oncología Médica y Radioterapia del Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Sujetos: Cincuenta pacientes ingresados en el Servicio. Intervenciones: Se realizó un seguimiento de la ingesta dietética durante 3 días hábiles mediante observación directa, así como una valoración de los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos, un registro de datos relativos a la sintomatología, y una valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ-C30. Resultados: Nuestros datos muestran que un 32.6% de los pacientes no alcanzaron 25 kcal/kg/día, y un 23.3% no llegaron a cubrir 1 g proteína/kg/día. Respecto a la QoL, la puntuación media para el estado de salud global y la QoL global para todos los pacientes fue 46.2. Comparado con la población general, hubo déficits importantes entre los pacientes oncológicos respecto a la funcionalidad física, de rol y social. Las diferencias más pronunciadas en la escala de síntomas fueron para la fatiga y en los ítems simples, para la pérdida de apetito y el estreñimiento. La baja ingesta de proteínas se asoció con una percepción disminuida en la función física (p=0.01), la fatiga estuvo cerca de la significación estadística (p=0.058). No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la ingesta calórica y la QoL. Conclusión: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes que recibieron alimentación oral exclusiva no cubrieron una cantidad aceptable mínima de sus requerimientos energético-proteicos. Nuestros resultados apuntan que ingestas dietéticas escasas pueden afectar la QoL por sí mismas. Abstract in english Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of life (QoL), nutritional status, and quantitative food intakes of non-terminal admitted cancer patients receiving oral feeding. As well as to evaluate what kind of relation exists between the quality of life, and the nutritional s [...] tatus and current intake Scope: Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy Service ward at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Subjects: Fifty admitted patients in the Service ward. Interventions: There was a follow-up of the dietary intake during 3 working days through direct observation, as well as an assessment of anthropometrical and biochemical parameters, a record of symptomatology related data, and a QoL assessment through the EORTC QLQC30 questionnaire. Results: Our data show that 32.6% of the patients did not reach 25 kcal/kg/day, and 23.3% did not even fulfill 1g protein/kg/day. Concerning QoL, mean score for global health status and overall QoL for all patients was 46.2. Compared to the general population, there were important deficits among cancer patients regarding physical, role and social functioning. The most pronounced differences in the symptom scales were for fatigue, and in single items for appetite loss and constipation. A low protein intake was associated to a poorer perception on physical functioning (p=0.01), and fatigue was close to significance (p=0.058). No significant differences were found regarding caloric intake and QoL. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients who received exclusive oral feeding did not cover a minimum acceptable quantity of their protein-energy requirements. Our results point-out that poor food intakes can affect QoL by themselves.

J., Trabal; P., Leyes; M.ª T., Forga; S., Hervás.

2006-08-01

204

Quality of life, dietary intake and nutritional status assessment in hospital admitted cancer patients / Calidad de vida, ingesta dietética y valoración del estado nutricional en pacientes ingresados con cáncer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron valorar la calidad de vida (QoL), el estado nutricional y la ingesta dietética cuantitativa realizada en pacientes oncológicos no terminales ingresados que recibieron alimentación oral. Así mismo evaluar qué tipo de relación existe entre la calidad de [...] vida, y el estado nutricional y la ingesta actual. Ámbito: Servicio de Oncología Médica y Radioterapia del Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Sujetos: Cincuenta pacientes ingresados en el Servicio. Intervenciones: Se realizó un seguimiento de la ingesta dietética durante 3 días hábiles mediante observación directa, así como una valoración de los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos, un registro de datos relativos a la sintomatología, y una valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ-C30. Resultados: Nuestros datos muestran que un 32.6% de los pacientes no alcanzaron 25 kcal/kg/día, y un 23.3% no llegaron a cubrir 1 g proteína/kg/día. Respecto a la QoL, la puntuación media para el estado de salud global y la QoL global para todos los pacientes fue 46.2. Comparado con la población general, hubo déficits importantes entre los pacientes oncológicos respecto a la funcionalidad física, de rol y social. Las diferencias más pronunciadas en la escala de síntomas fueron para la fatiga y en los ítems simples, para la pérdida de apetito y el estreñimiento. La baja ingesta de proteínas se asoció con una percepción disminuida en la función física (p=0.01), la fatiga estuvo cerca de la significación estadística (p=0.058). No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la ingesta calórica y la QoL. Conclusión: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes que recibieron alimentación oral exclusiva no cubrieron una cantidad aceptable mínima de sus requerimientos energético-proteicos. Nuestros resultados apuntan que ingestas dietéticas escasas pueden afectar la QoL por sí mismas. Abstract in english Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of life (QoL), nutritional status, and quantitative food intakes of non-terminal admitted cancer patients receiving oral feeding. As well as to evaluate what kind of relation exists between the quality of life, and the nutritional s [...] tatus and current intake Scope: Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy Service ward at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Subjects: Fifty admitted patients in the Service ward. Interventions: There was a follow-up of the dietary intake during 3 working days through direct observation, as well as an assessment of anthropometrical and biochemical parameters, a record of symptomatology related data, and a QoL assessment through the EORTC QLQC30 questionnaire. Results: Our data show that 32.6% of the patients did not reach 25 kcal/kg/day, and 23.3% did not even fulfill 1g protein/kg/day. Concerning QoL, mean score for global health status and overall QoL for all patients was 46.2. Compared to the general population, there were important deficits among cancer patients regarding physical, role and social functioning. The most pronounced differences in the symptom scales were for fatigue, and in single items for appetite loss and constipation. A low protein intake was associated to a poorer perception on physical functioning (p=0.01), and fatigue was close to significance (p=0.058). No significant differences were found regarding caloric intake and QoL. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients who received exclusive oral feeding did not cover a minimum acceptable quantity of their protein-energy requirements. Our results point-out that poor food intakes can affect QoL by themselves.

J., Trabal; P., Leyes; M.ª T., Forga; S., Hervás.

205

Quality of life, dietary intake and nutritional status assessment in hospital admitted cancer patients Calidad de vida, ingesta dietética y valoración del estado nutricional en pacientes ingresados con cáncer  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of life (QoL, nutritional status, and quantitative food intakes of non-terminal admitted cancer patients receiving oral feeding. As well as to evaluate what kind of relation exists between the quality of life, and the nutritional status and current intake Scope: Medical Oncology and Radiotherapy Service ward at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Subjects: Fifty admitted patients in the Service ward. Interventions: There was a follow-up of the dietary intake during 3 working days through direct observation, as well as an assessment of anthropometrical and biochemical parameters, a record of symptomatology related data, and a QoL assessment through the EORTC QLQC30 questionnaire. Results: Our data show that 32.6% of the patients did not reach 25 kcal/kg/day, and 23.3% did not even fulfill 1g protein/kg/day. Concerning QoL, mean score for global health status and overall QoL for all patients was 46.2. Compared to the general population, there were important deficits among cancer patients regarding physical, role and social functioning. The most pronounced differences in the symptom scales were for fatigue, and in single items for appetite loss and constipation. A low protein intake was associated to a poorer perception on physical functioning (p=0.01, and fatigue was close to significance (p=0.058. No significant differences were found regarding caloric intake and QoL. Conclusions: A significant percentage of patients who received exclusive oral feeding did not cover a minimum acceptable quantity of their protein-energy requirements. Our results point-out that poor food intakes can affect QoL by themselves.Objetivos: Los objetivos de este estudio fueron valorar la calidad de vida (QoL, el estado nutricional y la ingesta dietética cuantitativa realizada en pacientes oncológicos no terminales ingresados que recibieron alimentación oral. Así mismo evaluar qué tipo de relación existe entre la calidad de vida, y el estado nutricional y la ingesta actual. Ámbito: Servicio de Oncología Médica y Radioterapia del Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Sujetos: Cincuenta pacientes ingresados en el Servicio. Intervenciones: Se realizó un seguimiento de la ingesta dietética durante 3 días hábiles mediante observación directa, así como una valoración de los parámetros antropométricos y bioquímicos, un registro de datos relativos a la sintomatología, y una valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ-C30. Resultados: Nuestros datos muestran que un 32.6% de los pacientes no alcanzaron 25 kcal/kg/día, y un 23.3% no llegaron a cubrir 1 g proteína/kg/día. Respecto a la QoL, la puntuación media para el estado de salud global y la QoL global para todos los pacientes fue 46.2. Comparado con la población general, hubo déficits importantes entre los pacientes oncológicos respecto a la funcionalidad física, de rol y social. Las diferencias más pronunciadas en la escala de síntomas fueron para la fatiga y en los ítems simples, para la pérdida de apetito y el estreñimiento. La baja ingesta de proteínas se asoció con una percepción disminuida en la función física (p=0.01, la fatiga estuvo cerca de la significación estadística (p=0.058. No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la ingesta calórica y la QoL. Conclusión: Un porcentaje significativo de pacientes que recibieron alimentación oral exclusiva no cubrieron una cantidad aceptable mínima de sus requerimientos energético-proteicos. Nuestros resultados apuntan que ingestas dietéticas escasas pueden afectar la QoL por sí mismas.

J. Trabal

2006-08-01

206

Development of food intake controls: neuroendocrine and environmental regulation of food intake during early life.  

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This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". The development of neuroendocrine regulation of food intake during early life has been shaped by natural selection to allow for optimal growth and development rates needed for survival. In vertebrates, neonates or early larval forms typically exhibit "feeding drive," characterized by a developmental delay in 1) responsiveness of the hypothalamus to satiety signals (e.g., leptin, melanocortins) and 2) sensitivity to environmental cues that suppress food intake. Homeostatic regulation of food intake develops once offspring transition to later life history stages when growth is slower, neuroendocrine systems are more mature, and appetite becomes more sensitive to environmental or social cues. Across vertebrate groups, there is a tremendous amount of developmental plasticity in both food intake regulation and stress responsiveness depending on the environmental conditions experienced during early life history stages or by pregnant/brooding mothers. This plasticity is mediated through the organizing effects of hormones acting on the food intake centers of the hypothalamus during development, which alter epigenetic expression of genes associated with ingestive behaviors. Research is still needed to reveal the mechanisms through which environmental conditions during development generate and maintain these epigenetic modifications within the lifespan or across generations. Furthermore, more research is needed to determine whether observed patterns of plasticity are adaptive or pathological. It is clear, however, that developmental programming of food intake has important effects on fitness, and therefore, has ecological and evolutionary implications. PMID:24727079

Crespi, Erica J; Unkefer, Margaret K

2014-06-01

207

Ruptured Heterotopic Tubal Pregnancy for a Patient with a History of Segmental Salpingectomy from Ectopic Pregnancy: A Case Report  

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Heterotopic pregnancy refers to the simultaneous development of an intrauterine pregnancy and an extrauterine pregnancy. We experienced a case of a ruptured heterotopic pregnancy for a patient with a history of a right segmental salpingectomy from an ectopic pregnancy. The 30-year-old patient with amenorrhea for six weeks complained of lower abdominal pain with hypovolemic shock. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed diffuse hemoperitoneum with a structure similar to an ectatic tube or a deformed cyst with no echogenic double ring or peripheral hypervascularity in the right adnexa and an intrauterine gestational sac. We considered a ruptured corpus luteum cyst as an ultrasonographic finding and found a ruptured tubal mass in the right salpinx and hemoperitoneum through an emergency laparotomy. We performed a right salpingectomy, and the histopathologic report confirmed ectopic pregnancy.

Nam, Kyung Bum; Namkung, Sook; Hong, Myung Sun; Kim, Heung Cheol; Cho, Young; Choi, Young Hee [Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chyncheon (Korea, Republic of)

2012-06-15

208

PATIENTS WITH END STAGE CANCER: LIFE HISTORY, PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL ASPECTS, RELATIONSHIP WITH THE NURSING STAFF.  

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Full Text Available Breast cancer is one of the cancers most feared by women for its high incidence and its psychological effects that affect the perception of sexuality and self-image. Objective: To identify the difficulties of nursing professionals in the treatment of patients with cancer, from the standpoint of a terminally ill patient of breast cancer. Methodology: This is a case study of a patient who is in the terminal stages of breast cancer. We carried out the survey of literature in journals indexed the databases LILACS and SciELO Open Access and English, on terminally ill cancer. Results: Feelings of loneliness and sadness were softened and smoothed by the attitude and disposition of nursing professionals. In moments of intervention needs of physical care, nursing care was provided. Conclusion: The nursing staff has always demonstrated skills in treating patients with cancer, providing quality care, humane and comprehensive, meeting all your needs biopsicoespiritual.

Ivanete Ribeiro do Nascimento

2013-12-01

209

Cyclophosphamide-induced cardiomyopathy in a patient with seminoma and a history of mediastinal irradiation  

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A 17-year-old man with mediastinal seminoma was treated with chemotherapy and mediastinal irradiation therapy. Then he received high-dose chemotherapy containing cyclophosphamide (CY) followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. He suffered from CY-induced cardiomyopathy beginning six days after the administration of high-dose CY. The predictable factors associated with the onset of CY-induced cardiomyopathy are not precisely known. It is suggested that the history of mediastinal irradiation was responsible for the onset of cardiomyopathy. (author)

210

Methylation status of CpG islands in the promoter region of genes differentially expressed in colonic mucosa from adenoma patients and controls in response to altered vegetable intake.  

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Vegetables may protect against colorectal cancer (CRC) via changes in gene expression involved in anticarcinogenic mechanisms. There is considerable evidence that aberrant DNA methylation plays an important role in carcinogenesis. Furthermore, DNA methylation can be affected by dietary components. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the DNA methylation status of CpG dinucleotides within the promoter region of the four genes protein kinase C b 1, ornithine decarboxylase 1, fos proto-oncogene and 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase in the colon of female sporadic adenoma patients and healthy controls. These genes were chosen because their expression was modulated in response to altered vegetable intake, they are functionally relevant for CRC; they have CpG islands in their promoter region, and a methylation-specific restriction enzyme is available to permit quantitative assay. No significant differences in extent of methylation in colon DNA were detected for any of the four genes in both adenoma polyp patients and healthy controls after altering vegetable intake. Interestingly, before the intervention, ornithine decarboxylase 1 promoter methylation was lower in the colonic mucosa of the adenoma polyp patients when compared with healthy control subjects, which may explain the increased ornithine decarboxylase 1 activity in CRC reported in the literature. In conclusion, we found no evidence that changes in promoter methylation were responsible for differences in expression of four genes in the human colonic mucosa in response to altered vegetable intake. The mechanism(s) responsible for this altered gene expression and, indeed, potential effects on methylation of other genes remain to be determined. PMID:19434801

van Breda, Simone G J; van Delft, Joost H M; Engels, Leopold G J B; Kleinjans, Jos C S; Mathers, John C

2009-05-01

211

Diagnosis of patients with chronic heart failure in primary care: usefulness of history, examination, and investigations.  

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Chronic heart failure is a common clinical syndrome that may have different causes. Its incidence and prevalence are predicted to rise substantially over the next 10 years. There are therefore major consequences for resource provision, especially in primary care, where most patients are managed. Chronic heart failure is a serious condition with high morbidity and mortality. There is good evidence to show that treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in patients with left ...

Khunti, K.; Grimshaw, G.

2000-01-01

212

Gene expression changes in mononuclear cells from patients with metabolic syndrome after acute intake of phenol-rich virgin olive oil  

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Abstract Background Previous studies have shown that acute intake of high-phenol virgin olive oil reduces pro-inflammatory, pro-oxidant and pro-thrombotic markers compared with low phenols virgin olive oil, but it still remains unclear whether effects attributed to its phenolic fraction are exerted at transcriptional level in vivo. To achieve this goal, we aimed at identifying expression changes in genes which could be mediated by virgin olive oil phenol compounds in the human. Results Postpr...

Camargo, Antonio; Ruano, Juan; Fernandez, Juan M.; Parnell, Laurence D.; Jimenez, Anabel; Santos-gonzalez, Monica; Marin, Carmen; Perez-martinez, Pablo; Uceda, Marino; Lopez-miranda, Jose; Perez-jimenez, Francisco

2010-01-01

213

The evolving natural history of neurophysiologic function in patients with well-controlled diabetes.  

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This study aimed to investigate prospective changes to neurophysiologic function over 3 years in patients with well-controlled diabetes. Sixty-two subjects had neurologic examinations, symptom scores, autonomic testing, nerve conduction studies, quantitative sensory testing, and laser-Doppler flowmetry at 18-month intervals for 3 years. During the study, there was a 1 µV decrease in sural amplitude (p foot (p diabetes. Sural nerve amplitude and monofilament thresholds may be more effective at detecting change in individual patients. Other tests of neurophysiologic function may require longer periods of time and greater numbers of participants to detect a difference. We conclude that patients with well-controlled diabetes and optimal medical management of comorbid risk factors have low rates of neuropathy development and progression although the clinical relevance of this finding to the general population of individuals with diabetes is unknown. PMID:23781962

Gibbons, Christopher H; Freeman, Roy; Tecilazich, Francisco; Dinh, Thanh; Lyons, Thomas E; Gnardellis, Charalambos; Veves, Aristidis

2013-06-01

214

[NDT-Bobath method used in the rehabilitation of patients with a history of ischemic stroke].  

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Ischemic stroke is the third leading cause of death and disability in human. The vitally important problem after ischemic stroke is hemiparesis of the body. The most common methods used in improving the mobility of patients after ischemic stroke is a Bobath-NDT (Neuro-Developmental Treatment - Bobath), which initiated the Berta and Karel Bobath for children with cerebral palsy. It is a method designed to neurophysiological recovery of these vital functions that the patient was lost due to illness, and wants it back. PMID:23289255

Klimkiewicz, Paulina; Kubsik, Anna; Wolda?ska-Oko?ska, Marta

2012-01-01

215

Intake of Dairy Products in Relation to Periodontitis in Older Danish Adults  

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This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) was classified into four groups: milk, cheese, fermented foods and other foods. Periodontitis was defined as the number of teeth with attachment lo...

Heitmann, Berit L.; Boucher, Barbara J.; Kirsten Avlund; Poul Holm-Pedersen; Christensen, Lisa B.; Adegboye, Amanda R. A.

2012-01-01

216

Intradiploic occipital pseudomeningocele in a patient with remote history of surgical treatment of Chiari malformation.  

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An intradiploic CSF pseudocyst is a rare entity that has been described in association with trauma, as a sequela of untreated hydrocephalus, or occasionally as a congenital finding in older adults. The authors present the case of a woman with a remote history of a posterior fossa intradural procedure, in which she underwent Chiari malformation decompression, Silastic substitute-assisted duraplasty, and occipitocervical fusion; she presented 19 years later with recurrent symptoms of Chiari malformation. She was found to have an occipital intradiploic pseudomeningocele, arising within her dorsal occipitocervical fusion mass and resulting in dorsal hindbrain compression. She underwent a posterior fossa decompression and revision of her failed duraplasty, and she had a good recovery. This case demonstrates intradiploic CSF pseudomeningocele as a rare potential delayed complication of an intradural procedure for the treatment of Chiari malformation with occipitocervical fusion. PMID:25147975

Mahaney, Kelly B; Menezes, Arnold H

2014-11-01

217

Spontaneous simultaneous bilateral malignant glaucoma of a patient with no antecedent history of medical or surgical eye diseases  

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Full Text Available Elias F Jarade,1,2 Ali Dirani,3 Elyse Jabbour,3 Joelle Antoun,3 Karim F Tomey11Beirut Eye Specialist Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Mediclinic Dubai Mall, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 3Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, LebanonPurpose: Malignant glaucoma, or aqueous misdirection syndrome, is a condition characterized by sudden intraocular pressure (IOP elevation, and it is usually unilateral and induced by ocular surgical intervention or by medical therapy. Here, we report a case of simultaneous bilateral malignant glaucoma in a young patient with no history of any ocular diseases.Case report: A case of a 24-year-old female with no apparent previous history of ocular medical or surgical conditions was referred to our hospital because of recent bilateral IOP elevation associated with a severe drop in vision and shallow anterior chamber with no posterior segment anomalies detected by ocular ultrasound in both eyes. Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG laser iridotomy dropped the IOP only temporarily and the patient received topical atropine treatment with combined trabeculectomy and anterior vitrectomy.Results: In this case, the patient had a typical presentation of bilateral malignant glaucoma and her IOP dropped only temporarily following laser iridotomy to rise again shortly thereafter. Also, deepening of the anterior chamber and IOP decrease after topical atropine was very supportive of the diagnosis of malignant glaucoma. Successful management with trabeculectomy and limited vitrectomy also affirmed the diagnosis of malignant glaucoma.Conclusion: This is a very rare case of bilateral malignant glaucoma in a young adult without any prior eye conditions; only one similar case has been reported in the literature. We propose our own theory regarding this simultaneous occurrence of the pathology based on previously published studies about the presence of communication between the two eyes along the ­cerebrospinal fluid pathways.Keywords: intraocular pressure, iridotomy, malignant glaucoma, young adult

Jarade EF

2014-05-01

218

Radiology clinical synopsis: a simple solution for obtaining an adequate clinical history for the accurate reporting of imaging studies on patients in intensive care units  

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Lack of clinical history on radiology requisitions is a universal problem. We describe a simple Web-based system that readily provides radiology-relevant clinical history to the radiologist reading radiographs of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Along with the relevant history, which includes primary and secondary diagnoses, disease progression and complications, the system provides the patient's name, record number and hospital location. This information is immediately available to reporting radiologists. New clinical information is immediately entered on-line by the radiologists as they are reviewing images. After patient discharge, the data are stored and immediately available if the patient is readmitted. The system has been in routine clinical use in our hospital for nearly 2 years. (orig.)

219

Bupropion perceived as a stimulant by two patients with a previous history of cocaine misuse  

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Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite animal studies having shown a generalisation of the bupropion cue to cocaine, this drug has been used in cocaine abuse with mixed results. We here aimed at describing two cases which contradict current knowledge. CASE REPORTS: We describe two cases of former cocaine [...] abusers who reported a cocaine-like sensation upon taking bupropion. Bupropion improved patients' depression without any increase in cocaine craving. One of the patients increased without doctor consultation his dose on an as needed basis. CONCLUSIONS: The issue of bupropion cue generalisation to cocaine needs further elucidation. People with past cocaine addiction need to be informed on the potential of bupropion to elicit cocaine-like cues and be invited to adhere to medical prescription, because bupropion has been associated with fatalities in some cases.

Alessandro E., Vento; Fabrizio, Schifano; Federica, Gentili; Francesco, Pompei; John M., Corkery; Georgios D., Kotzalidis; Paolo, Girardi.

220

Bupropion perceived as a stimulant by two patients with a previous history of cocaine misuse  

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Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite animal studies having shown a generalisation of the bupropion cue to cocaine, this drug has been used in cocaine abuse with mixed results. We here aimed at describing two cases which contradict current knowledge. CASE REPORTS: We describe two cases of former cocaine [...] abusers who reported a cocaine-like sensation upon taking bupropion. Bupropion improved patients' depression without any increase in cocaine craving. One of the patients increased without doctor consultation his dose on an as needed basis. CONCLUSIONS: The issue of bupropion cue generalisation to cocaine needs further elucidation. People with past cocaine addiction need to be informed on the potential of bupropion to elicit cocaine-like cues and be invited to adhere to medical prescription, because bupropion has been associated with fatalities in some cases.

Alessandro E., Vento; Fabrizio, Schifano; Federica, Gentili; Francesco, Pompei; John M., Corkery; Georgios D., Kotzalidis; Paolo, Girardi.

2013-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

Effectiveness of simple balancing training program in elderly patients with history of frequent falls  

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Full Text Available Vilai Kuptniratsaikul1, Rungnirand Praditsuwan2, Prasert Assantachai3, Teerada Ploypetch1, Suthipol Udompunturak4, Julaporn Pooliam41Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2Department of Medicine, 3Department of Preventive Medicine, 4Office for Research and Development, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, ThailandObjective: To study the effectiveness of simply-performed balancing exercises in fall prevention.Design: Pre- and post-trial.Setting: University hospital from January 2009 to May 2010.Participants: Elderly with falls in the previous year.Intervention: Simple balancing exercise was performed at home every day and was recorded in the booklet.Measurements: New falling events and a battery of balancing abilities including the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT, chair stand, functional reach, and Berg balance scale-short form were evaluated at baseline, 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month periods. Fear of falling and quality of life scores were assessed at baseline and 12-month periods.Results: 146 subjects were recruited, 116 female (79.5% with a mean age of 67.1 years. At the end of the study, 49% of participants had not fallen. All of the balancing abilities were compared between frequent and infrequent fallers and were significantly improved (P < 0.001 except for functional reach in the frequent fall group. Most subjects (72%–79% complied well with the exercise program. However, compliance had no effect on balancing abilities. About 36.4% of participants had adverse events from exercise, of which knee pain was the top ranked. The quality of life and the fall efficacy scores increased significantly at the end of the study. Factors affecting falling were compliance with exercise (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 2.55, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.04, 6.30 and a history of falling ?3 times in the previous year (adjusted OR: 3.76, 95% CI: 1.18, 11.98.Conclusion: Performing simply-designed balancing exercises, at least 3 days per week, can increase balancing abilities, and decrease fall rates in the elderly with a history of previous falls. However, strategies to encourage elderly compliance may prevent falling.Keywords: balancing training, exercise, fall prevention, frequent fall, elderly

Kuptniratsaikul V

2011-05-01

222

Application of Plasma Exchange in Patients with History of Unexplained Recurrent Abortion: A Case Series  

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Background: Immune-mediated recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) has received more attentionthan any other single etiologic classification. Individuals with rare blood group P have an antipp1pkantibody in their serum, which causes recurrent abortion in the early stages.Materials and Methods: In this case series study, 11 patients with unexplained RPL whohad anti-P antibody in their serum were treated by plasma exchange during their nextpregnancies. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, we moni...

Azadeh Ghaheri; Farzane Jamdar; Mohammad Ali Roghaei

2013-01-01

223

Indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar como preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística / Anthropometric and dietary intake indicators as predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis patients  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar se indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar são preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 69 pacientes (variação, 5,4-16,5 anos de idade) diagnosticados com FC e em acompanhamento no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto [...] Alegre, em Porto Alegre (RS). A avaliação antropométrica consistiu nas medidas do índice de massa corpórea (IMC), da circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) e da dobra cutânea tricipital (DCT). A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada pelo recordatório de ingestão habitual e comparada com recommended dietary allowances. A avaliação da função pulmonar foi realizada através da capacidade ventilatória, representada pelo VEF1. Razões de prevalência foram calculadas entre os preditores e o desfecho estudado (VEF1 Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether anthropometric and dietary intake indicators are predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 69 patients (age range, 5.4-16.5 years) diagnosed with CF under follow-up at the Hospital de Clínicas [...] de Porto Alegre, located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Anthropometric assessment was based on body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and triceps skinfold thickness (TST). Dietary intake was assessed by using recall data, which were compared with the recommended dietary allowances. Pulmonary function was assessed by ventilatory capacity, expressed as FEV1. Prevalence ratios for the outcome studied (FEV1

Gabriele Carra, Forte; Juliane Silva, Pereira; Michele, Drehmer; Miriam Isabel Souza dos Santos, Simon.

224

Indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar como preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística / Anthropometric and dietary intake indicators as predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar se indicadores antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar são preditores da função pulmonar em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 69 pacientes (variação, 5,4-16,5 anos de idade) diagnosticados com FC e em acompanhamento no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto [...] Alegre, em Porto Alegre (RS). A avaliação antropométrica consistiu nas medidas do índice de massa corpórea (IMC), da circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) e da dobra cutânea tricipital (DCT). A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada pelo recordatório de ingestão habitual e comparada com recommended dietary allowances. A avaliação da função pulmonar foi realizada através da capacidade ventilatória, representada pelo VEF1. Razões de prevalência foram calculadas entre os preditores e o desfecho estudado (VEF1 Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether anthropometric and dietary intake indicators are predictors of pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 69 patients (age range, 5.4-16.5 years) diagnosed with CF under follow-up at the Hospital de Clínicas [...] de Porto Alegre, located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Anthropometric assessment was based on body mass index (BMI), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), and triceps skinfold thickness (TST). Dietary intake was assessed by using recall data, which were compared with the recommended dietary allowances. Pulmonary function was assessed by ventilatory capacity, expressed as FEV1. Prevalence ratios for the outcome studied (FEV1

Gabriele Carra, Forte; Juliane Silva, Pereira; Michele, Drehmer; Miriam Isabel Souza dos Santos, Simon.

2012-08-01

225

Impacto da adequação da oferta energética sobre a mortalidade em pacientes de UTI recebendo nutrição enteral / Impact of the adequacy of energy intake on intensive care unit mortality in patients receiving enteral nutrition  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar a relação entre adequação da oferta energética e mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva em pacientes sob terapia nutricional enteral exclusiva. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional prospectivo conduzido em uma unidade de terapia intensiva em 2008 e 2009. Foram incluídos pacientes [...] >18 anos que receberam terapia nutricional enteral por >72h. A adequação da oferta de energia foi estimada pela razão administrado/prescrito. Para a investigação da relação entre variáveis preditoras (adequação da oferta energética, escore APACHE II, sexo, idade e tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva e o desfecho mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva, utilizou-se o modelo de regressão logística não condicional. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 63 pacientes (média 58 anos, mortalidade 27%), 47,6% dos quais receberam mais de 90% da energia prescrita (adequação média 88,2%). O balanço energético médio foi de -190 kcal/dia. Observou-se associação significativa entre ocorrência de óbito e as variáveis idade e tempo de permanência na unidade de terapia intensiva, após a retirada das variáveis adequação da oferta energética, APACHE II e sexo durante o processo de modelagem. CONCLUSÃO: A adequação da oferta energética não influenciou a taxa de mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva. Protocolos de infusão de nutrição enteral seguidos criteriosamente, com adequação administrado/prescrito acima de 70%, parecem ser suficientes para não interferirem na mortalidade. Dessa forma, pode-se questionar a obrigatoriedade de atingir índices próximos a 100%, considerando a elevada frequência com que ocorrem interrupções no fornecimento de dieta enteral devido a intolerância gastrointestinal e jejuns para exames e procedimentos. Pesquisas futuras poderão identificar a meta ideal de adequação da oferta energética que resulte em redução significativa de complicações, mortalidade e custos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between adequacy of energy intake and intensive care unit mortality in patients receiving exclusive enteral nutrition therapy. METHODS: Observational and prospective study conducted during 2008 and 2009. Patients above 18 years with exclusive enteral nutrit [...] ion therapy for at least 72 hours were included. The adequacy of energy intake was estimated by the administered/prescribed ratio. Non-conditional logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between predictive variables (adequacy of energy intake, APACHE II, gender, age, and intensive care unit length of stay) and intensive care unit mortality. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients (mean 58 years, 27% mortality) were included, 47.6% of whom received more than 90% of the energy prescribed (mean adequacy 88.2%). Mean energy balance was -190 kcal/day. Significant associations between death in the intensive care unit and the variables age and intensive care unit length of stay were observed, after removing the variables adequacy of energy intake, APACHE II, gender and age during the modeling process. CONCLUSION: In our study, adequacy of energy intake did not affect intensive care unit mortality. Carefully followed enteral nutrition protocols, resulting in an administered/prescribed ratio above 70%, are apparently not sufficient to impact the mortality rates in the intensive care unit. Therefore, it may not be necessary to achieve 100% of the targeted energy, considering the high frequency of enteral feeding interruptions due to gastrointestinal intolerance and fasting for tests and procedures. Additional research is needed to identify the optimal energy intake for improved outcomes and reduced costs.

Natália Sanchez, Oliveira; Lúcia, Caruso; Denise Pimentel, Bergamaschi; Flávia de Conti, Cartolano; Francisco Garcia, Soriano.

226

A Study of Inflammatory Status in Nephropathy Patients with History of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Haemodialysis  

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Introduction and Objective: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the leading cause of chronic kidney failure. Local vascular inflammation is increased in diabetes mellitus (DM), which results in higher burden of microvascular and macrovascular complications. The present study was carried out to assess the importance of inflammatory status in nephropathy patients with Type-II DM. Methodology: Eighty diagnosed cases of type II DM who had end stage renal disease (Nephropathy Stage-5) were selected for the study, they were further divided equally into 2 sub-categories; Group I (patients who were undergoing haemodialysis) and Group II (patients who were not undergoing haemodialysis). The control group comprised of 40 individuals who were age and sex matched healthy individuals. Inflammatory status was assessed by estimating serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum albumin. Results: A significant increase in serum CRP and a significant decrease in serum albumin were seen in test group- I and test group-2 as compared to controls. There was a positive correlation between serum albumin and GFR with r=0.904 in the Test Group-I and r=0.946 in Test Group-II. A negative correlation was observed between serum CRP and GFR r= -0.597 in Test Group-I and with r= -0.6231 in Test Group-II. Also, the correlation between CRP and albumin showed a negative trend with r= -0.848 in Test Group-I and with r= -0.78 in Test Group-II. Conclusion: Microinflammation is a common finding in haemodialysis patients who have a history of nephropathy with Type-II diabetes mellitus. With a proper knowledge on factors which lead to this microinflammation, we can employ preventive strategies for a better management of Type-II diabetic nephropathy patients and thereby, for improving their survival. PMID:24298459

Nath, Indrajit; Nath, Chandan Kumar; Baruah, Mriganka; Pathak, Moushumi; Banerjee, R.; Goyal, Sapna

2013-01-01

227

The history and use of human hepatocytes for the treatment of liver diseases: the first 100 patients.  

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Orthotopic liver transplantation remains the only curative treatment for many end-stage liver diseases, yet the number of patients receiving liver transplants remains limited by the number of organs available for transplant. There is a need for alternative therapies for liver diseases. The transplantation of isolated hepatocytes (liver cells) has been used as an experimental therapy for liver disease in a limited number of cases. Recently, the 100(th) case of hepatocyte transplantation was reported. This review discusses the history of the hepatocyte transplant field, the major discoveries that supported and enabled the first hepatocyte transplants, and reviews the cases and outcomes of the first 100 clinical transplants. Some of the problems that limit the application or efficacy of hepatocyte transplantation are discussed, as are possible solutions to these problems. In conclusion, hepatocyte transplants have proven effective particularly in cases of metabolic liver disease where reversal or amelioration of the characteristic symptoms of the disease is easily quantified. However, no patients have been completely corrected of a metabolic liver disease for a significant amount of time by hepatocyte transplantation alone. It is likely that future developments in new sources of cells for transplantation will be required before this cellular therapy can be fully implemented and available for large numbers of patients. © 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:25378242

Hansel, Marc C; Gramignoli, Roberto; Skvorak, Kristen J; Dorko, Kenneth; Marongiu, Fabio; Blake, William; Davila, Julio; Strom, Stephen C

2014-01-01

228

Differences in trauma history and psychopathology between PTSD patients with and without co-occurring dissociative disorders  

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Full Text Available Background: The interplay between different types of potentially traumatizing events, posttraumatic symptoms, and the pathogenesis of PTSD or major dissociative disorders (DD has been extensively studied during the last decade. However, the phenomenology and nosological classification of posttraumatic disorders is currently under debate. The current study was conducted to investigate differences between PTSD patients with and without co-occurring major DD with regard to general psychopathology, trauma history, and trauma-specific symptoms. Methods: Twenty-four inpatients were administered the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS and the Mini-Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (MINI-SKID-D to assess DD and PTSD. Additionally, participants completed questionnaires to assess general psychopathology and health status. Results: Symptom profiles and axis I comorbidity were similar in all patients. Traumatic experiences did not differ between the two groups, with both reporting high levels of childhood trauma. Only trauma-specific avoidance behavior and dissociative symptoms differed between groups. Conclusion: Results support the view that PTSD and DD are affiliated disorders that could be classified within the same diagnostic category. Our results accord with a typological model of dissociation in which profound forms of dissociation are specific to DD and are accompanied with higher levels of trauma-specific avoidance in DD patients.

Pascal Wabnitz

2013-11-01

229

Ultrasound diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in the patient having a history of total thyroidectomy due to thyroid malignancy  

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This study aimed to assess the accuracy of ultrasound (US) diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy. During a follow up period after total thyroidectomy, due to known thyroid malignancy, 41 patients underwent US diagnosis and US guided fine needle aspiration for retrojugular lymphadenopathy. Each lymphadenopathy was prospectively classified by a single radiologist into 1 of 3 diagnostic categories: 'benign', 'indeterminate for malignancy', and 'malignant'. Based on the cytohistopathology result, thyroglobulin tittering, and sonographic follow up, the adequacy of US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy was assessed. Of the 41 retrojugular lymphadenopathies, malignant (n = 25) and benign (n = 16) lymphadenopathy were finally confirmed. Excluding 15 lymph nodes with indeterminate US diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, accuracy, and false positive and negative rates of US diagnosis were 100%, 66.7%, 95.8%, 100%, 96.2%, 0%, and 10%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of retrojugular lymphadenopathy, according to age, sex, and location (p > 0.05). In the patient with a history of total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy, US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy showed a high accuracy.

Nam, Seung Min; Kim, Dong Wook [Busan Paik Hospital/Inje Univ. College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-15

230

Intrahepatic Splenosis in a Chronic Hepatitis C Patient with no History of Splenic Trauma Mimicking Hepatocellular Carcinoma.  

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Background Intrahepatic splenosis (IHS) is the autotransplantation of splenic tissue that mostly develops after abdominal injury and is often misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) because of similarities in radiological features. We had an opportunity to treat an extremely rare case of intrahepatic splenosis, which were found in a patient without any history of splenic injury. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case report in the world. Case Report A 58-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C was referred to our hospital for further examination of liver function abnormality. Abdominal ultrasonography incidentally revealed a low echoic tumor in the posterior segment of the liver, with high echoic capsule, which is possibly different from tumor capsule of HCC, known as halo. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography and gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor had an inhomogeneous enhancement in the arterial phase and diminished enhancement in the equilibrium phase, diagnosed as HCC. The patient underwent right lateral segmentectomy of the liver, and histopathological study confirmed a diagnosis of intrahepatic splenosis. Conclusions This case presents a new understanding of IHS in a patient without any splenic injury. We also focused on the differences in echo patterns of the tumor capsule between HCC and IHS, which can be used to efficiently diagnose IHS. PMID:25261602

Sato, Naoya; Abe, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Nobuyasu; Waragai, Mitsuru; Teranishi, Yasushi; Takano, Yoshinao; Sato, Atai; Azami, Ayaka; Gotoh, Mitsukazu

2014-01-01

231

Novel de novo BRCA2 mutation in a patient with a family history of breast cancer  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background BRCA2 germ-line mutations predispose to breast and ovarian cancer. Mutations are widespread and unclassified splice variants are frequently encountered. We describe the parental origin and functional characterization of a novel de novo BRCA2 splice site mutation found in a patient exhibiting a ductal carcinoma at the age of 40. Methods Variations were identified by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC and sequencing of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. The effect of the mutation on splicing was examined by exon trapping in COS-7 cells and by RT-PCR on RNA isolated from whole blood. The paternity was determined by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP microarray analysis. Parental origin of the de novo mutation was determined by establishing mutation-SNP haplotypes by variant specific PCR, while de novo and mosaic status was investigated by sequencing of DNA from leucocytes and carcinoma tissue. Results A novel BRCA2 variant in the splice donor site of exon 21 (nucleotide 8982+1 G?A/c.8754+1 G?A was identified. Exon trapping showed that the mutation activates a cryptic splice site 46 base pairs 3' of exon 21, resulting in the inclusion of a premature stop codon and synthesis of a truncated BRCA2 protein. The aberrant splicing was verified by RT-PCR analysis on RNA isolated from whole blood of the affected patient. The mutation was not found in any of the patient's parents or in the mother's carcinoma, showing it is a de novo mutation. Variant specific PCR indicates that the mutation arose in the male germ-line. Conclusion We conclude that the novel BRCA2 splice variant is a de novo mutation introduced in the male spermatozoa that can be classified as a disease causing mutation.

Eiberg Hans

2008-07-01

232

False-positive elevations of carcinoembryonic antigen in patients with a history of resected colorectal cancer.  

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Routine monitoring of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels is standard in patients with resected colorectal cancer (CRC). The incidence of false-positives and the upper limits of false-positive elevations have not been previously well characterized. A search of medical records at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center identified 728 patients who underwent an R0 resection of locoregional CRC between January 2003 and December 2012 and who had an increase in CEA level above the normal range after a normal perioperative CEA level. Of these, 358 had a false-positive elevation of CEA level, 335 had a true-positive elevation indicative of recurrent CRC, and 35 had a true-positive elevation indicative of the development of a new, non-CRC malignancy. Of those with false elevations, 111 had a single isolated CEA level elevation (median highest CEA level of 5.5 ng/mL) with no further abnormal measurements, whereas 247 had elevations on 2 or more readings, with a median highest level of 6.7 ng/mL. Of these 247 patients with confirmed false-positive CEA level elevations, only 5 (2%) had measurements greater than 15 ng/mL, and no confirmed elevation greater than 35 ng/mL was a false-positive. False-positive CEA test results in the range of 5 to 15 ng/mL are common. Confirmation of CEA elevation in this range before initiating imaging studies may be appropriate. False-positive results greater than 15 ng/mL are rare, and all confirmed CEA levels greater than 35 ng/mL were associated with cancer recurrence. PMID:24925201

Litvak, Anya; Cercek, Andrea; Segal, Neil; Reidy-Lagunes, Diane; Stadler, Zsofia K; Yaeger, Rona D; Kemeny, Nancy E; Weiser, Martin R; Pessin, Melissa S; Saltz, Leonard

2014-06-01

233

Application of Plasma Exchange in Patients with History of Unexplained Recurrent Abortion: A Case Series  

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Full Text Available Background: Immune-mediated recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL has received more attentionthan any other single etiologic classification. Individuals with rare blood group P have an antipp1pkantibody in their serum, which causes recurrent abortion in the early stages.Materials and Methods: In this case series study, 11 patients with unexplained RPL whohad anti-P antibody in their serum were treated by plasma exchange during their nextpregnancies. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, we monitored fetal developmentusing ultrasonography and intensive prenatal care. All calculations were performed withthe SPSS version 16.Results: All patients who were treated by plasma exchange progressed to live birth. Themean gestational age at the time of termination was 37.5 ± 0.69 weeks. The mean weightof the newborns was 2729.09 ± 389.88 g. None of the newborns required exchange transfusion.Conclusion: P-incompatibility is one rare but important cause of unexplained RPL and also abasis for therapeutic intervention via early antibody removal by plasma exchange.

Azadeh Ghaheri

2013-01-01

234

Application of Plasma Exchange in Patients with History of Unexplained Recurrent Abortion: A Case Series  

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Background: Immune-mediated recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) has received more attention than any other single etiologic classification. Individuals with rare blood group P have an antipp1pk antibody in their serum, which causes recurrent abortion in the early stages. Materials and Methods: In this case series study, 11 patients with unexplained RPL who had anti-P antibody in their serum were treated by plasma exchange during their next pregnancies. To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment, we monitored fetal development using ultrasonography and intensive prenatal care. All calculations were performed with the SPSS version 16. Results: All patients who were treated by plasma exchange progressed to live birth. The mean gestational age at the time of termination was 37.5 ± 0.69 weeks. The mean weight of the newborns was 2729.09 ± 389.88 g. None of the newborns required exchange transfusion. Conclusion: P-incompatibility is one rare but important cause of unexplained RPL and also a basis for therapeutic intervention via early antibody removal by plasma exchange. PMID:24520462

Roghaei, Mohammad Ali; Jamdar, Farzane; Ghaheri, Azadeh

2013-01-01

235

The sexuality and social performance of androgen-deprived (castrated) men throughout history: implications for modern day cancer patients.  

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Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) via either surgical or chemical castration is the standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer (PCa). In North America, it is estimated that more than 40,000 men start ADT each year. The side effects of this treatment are extensive and include gynecomastia, erectile dysfunction, and reduced libido. These changes strongly challenge patients' self-identity and sexuality. The historical term for a man who has been castrated is 'eunuch', now a pejorative term implying overall social and sexual impotence. In this paper, we review key historical features of eunuch social performance and sexuality from a variety of cultures in order to assess the validity of contemporary stereotypes of the androgen-deprived male. Data were taken from secondary sources on the history of Byzantium, Roman Antiquity, Early Islamic societies, the Ottoman Empire, Chinese Dynasties, and the Italian Castrati period. This cross-cultural survey shows that castrated men consistently held powerful social positions that yielded great political influence. Many eunuchs were recognized for their loyalty, managerial style, wisdom, and pedagogical skills. Furthermore, rather than being consistently asexual and celibate, they were often sexually active. In certain cultures, they were objects of sexual desire for males, or females, or both. Collectively, the historical accounts suggest that, given the right cultural setting and individual motivation, androgen deprivation may actually enhance rather than hinder both social and sexual performance. We conclude that eunuch history contradicts the presumption that androgen deprivation necessarily leads to social and sexual impotence. The capabilities and accomplishments of eunuchs in the past gives patients on ADT grounds for viewing themselves in a positive light, where they are neither socially impotent nor sexually chaste. PMID:16989928

Aucoin, Michael William; Wassersug, Richard Joel

2006-12-01

236

Effects of orthodontic treatment on nutrient intake.  

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Orthodontists often advise their patients to eat soft foods after treatment to avoid pressure sensitivity. Yet there is little research as to how this affects nutrient intake. This study compared nutrient intake before and after orthodontic adjustment to see whether any changes occurred. Ten patients between the ages of 12 and 16 years were selected from the University of Buffalo School of Orthodontics. These patients recorded the foods they ate for 3 days before and 3 days after treatment. Treatment types studied were those that cause a significant level of pressure sensitivity such as an arch wire change. The recorded diets were analyzed with a paired two sample t test, with alpha = 0.05 as the significance level. The results of this study show a decrease in intake of copper and manganese after orthodontic adjustment. Also trends toward a greater percentage of calories from total and saturated fat at the expense of carbohydrates, a decrease in fiber intake, and an improvement in the calcium to phosphorus ratio were seen. Bone metabolism, and therefore tooth movement may be affected by copper and manganese levels. Thus, to optimize patient physiologic response to orthodontic treatment, it may be beneficial to provide nutritional guidance to patients in choosing soft food diets. PMID:9155815

Riordan, D J

1997-05-01

237

Is nutrient intake a gender-specific cause for enhanced susceptibility to alcohol-induced liver disease in women?  

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Aim: Women have a higher susceptibility to alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) than men. Gender-related differences in food preference were described in previous studies for several populations, but not in alcohol abusers. As certain micronutrients are reported to take influence on the development of ALD in animal experiments, the hypothesis of the present retrospective cross-sectional study was that gender-dependent (micro-) nutrient intake in patients with ALD may cause the higher susceptibility of women to this disease. Methods: In 210 patients (male: 158, female: 52) with different stages of ALD (ALD1: mild stage of liver damage; ALD2: moderately severe changes of the liver with signs of hepatic inflammation; ALD3: severely impaired liver function) and in 336 controls (male: 208, female: 128), nutrient intake was determined by a computer-guided diet history, and related to the severity of ALD in dependence on the sex of the patients. Results: No significant differences between males and females with ALD were calculated for the intake (per kg body weight/day) of protein, carbohydrates, fat, and the intake (per kg body weight/day) of most micronutrients. In females with ALD, higher intake was found for vitamin C (ALD3), calcium (ALD2), iron (ALD1 and ALD2), and zinc (ALD1), but the consumption of none of these micronutrients seems to contribute to a higher susceptibility to ALD in females. Conclusion: Though the present study confirms the higher susceptibility to ALD in women, the data of calculated daily macro- and micronutrient intake do not suggest any explicit influence of gender-specific nutrition in the development of ALD.

Parlesak, Alexandr

2008-01-01

238

Cardiac Failure as an Unusual Presentation in a Patient with History of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most well-known form of motor neuron diseases in which both upper and lower motor neurons are involved in this disease. We presented an unusual case of ALS whom had presented with chief complaint of dyspnea. Cardiac failure was diagnosed at the final stage of the ALS disease. The pathogenetic mechanism leading to an elevated occurrence of cardiomyopathy in ALS is not comprehensible. Dilated cardiomyopathy has been explained in some previous studies. Based on the collected data, it was hypothesized that cardiomyopathy is underdiagnosed in the ALS population, probably because symptoms are masqueraded as a result of the patients' disability. It was suggested that in all motor neuron diseases a serial cardiological evaluation should be executed, including annual echocardiography. PMID:25133001

Namazi, Mohammad Hasan; Khaheshi, Isa; Haybar, Habib; Esmaeeli, Shooka

2014-01-01

239

Cost-effectiveness of pioglitazone in type 2 diabetes patients with a history of macrovascular disease: a German perspective  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to project health-economic outcomes relevant to the German setting for the addition of pioglitazone to existing treatment regimens in patients with type 2 diabetes, evidence of macrovascular disease and at high risk of cardiovascular events. Methods Event rates corresponding to macrovascular outcomes from the Prospective Pioglitazone Clinical Trial in Macrovascular Events (PROactive study of pioglitazone were used with a modified version of the CORE Diabetes Model to simulate outcomes over a 35-year time horizon. Direct medical costs were accounted from a healthcare payer perspective in year 2005 values. Germany specific costs were applied for patient treatment, hospitalization and management. Both costs and clinical benefits were discounted at 5.0% per annum. Results Over patient lifetimes pioglitazone treatment improved undiscounted life expectancy by 0.406 years and improved quality-adjusted life expectancy by 0.120 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs compared to placebo. Direct medical costs (treatment plus complication costs were marginally higher for pioglitazone treatment and calculation of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER produced a value of €13,294 per QALY gained with the pioglitazone regimen versus placebo. Acceptability curve analysis showed that there was a 78.2% likelihood that pioglitazone would be considered cost-effective in Germany, using a "good value for money" threshold of €50,000 per QALY gained. Sensitivity analyses showed that the results were most sensitive to changes in the simulation time horizon. After adjustment for the potential stabilization of pancreatic ?-cell function with pioglitazone treatment, the ICER was €6,667 per QALY gained for pioglitazone versus placebo. Conclusion The findings of this modelling analysis indicated that, for patients with a history of macrovascular disease, addition of pioglitazone to existing therapy reduces the long-term cumulative incidence of diabetes-complications at a cost that would be considered to represent good value for money in the German setting.

Massi-Benedetti Massimo

2009-05-01

240

Relationship between flow volume curve and CT findings in non-smoking patients with long histories of bronchial asthma  

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This study was conducted to verify whether bronchial asthma (BA) alone causes pulmonary emphysema (PE), and to examine the computed tomography (CT) findings in non-smokers with BA demonstrating the flow volume curve (FV curve) characteristic of PE. Non-smoking patients with a history of BA for more than 20 years were divided into 2 groups: the dogleg pattern group (n=5), with an FV curve characteristic of PE, and the concave pattern group (n=16) with an FV curve characteristic of BA. CT scans was performed using CT values (level, 900 H.U.; width, 400 H.U.) that facilitate detection of a low attenuation area (LAA), and using conventional CT values (level, 700 H.U.; width, 1,300 H.U.). LAA (including air trapping), thickness of the bronchial wall, and partial atelectasis were compared between the 2 groups. PE was not detected, although air trapping was found in all subjects. The thickness of the airway was greater in the dogleg pattern than in the concave pattern. The incidences of air trapping and partial atelectasis were higher in the former than in the latter. BA alone may not cause PE. Some BA patients without PE show the FV curve characteristic of PE, reflecting an increase in the thickness of the airway wall and a decrease in the pulmonary ventilation probably due to the air trapping and the partial atelectasis. (author)

 
 
 
 
241

Relationship between flow volume curve and CT findings in non-smoking patients with long histories of bronchial asthma  

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This study was conducted to verify whether bronchial asthma (BA) alone causes pulmonary emphysema (PE), and to examine the computed tomography (CT) findings in non-smokers with BA demonstrating the flow volume curve (FV curve) characteristic of PE. Non-smoking patients with a history of BA for more than 20 years were divided into 2 groups: the dogleg pattern group (n=5), with an FV curve characteristic of PE, and the concave pattern group (n=16) with an FV curve characteristic of BA. CT scans was performed using CT values (level, 900 H.U.; width, 400 H.U.) that facilitate detection of a low attenuation area (LAA), and using conventional CT values (level, 700 H.U.; width, 1,300 H.U.). LAA (including air trapping), thickness of the bronchial wall, and partial atelectasis were compared between the 2 groups. PE was not detected, although air trapping was found in all subjects. The thickness of the airway was greater in the dogleg pattern than in the concave pattern. The incidences of air trapping and partial atelectasis were higher in the former than in the latter. BA alone may not cause PE. Some BA patients without PE show the FV curve characteristic of PE, reflecting an increase in the thickness of the airway wall and a decrease in the pulmonary ventilation probably due to the air trapping and the partial atelectasis. (author)

Kawamoto, Hitoshi; Kambe, Masayuki; Yamagata, Mitsunori; Nakajima, Hidekatsu [Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Yamane, Kousuke; Kuraoka, Toshihiko; Miyamura, Isao

2001-08-01

242

Natural history and manifestations of the hypermobility type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a pilot study on 21 patients.  

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Hypermobility type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (HT-EDS) is a relatively frequent, although commonly misdiagnosed variant of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, mainly characterized by marked joint instability and mild cutaneous involvement. Chronic pain, asthenia, and gastrointestinal and pelvic dysfunction are characteristic additional manifestations. We report on 21 HT-EDS patients selected from a group of 40 subjects with suspected mild hereditary connective tissue disorder. General, mucocutaneous, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, neurologic, gastrointestinal, urogynecological, and ear-nose-throat abnormalities are investigated systematically and tabulated. Six distinct clinical presentations of HT-EDS are outlined, whose tabulation is a mnemonic for the practicing clinical geneticist in an attempt to diagnose this condition accurately. With detailed clinical records and phenotype comparison among patients of different ages, the natural history of the disorder is defined. Three phases (namely, hypermobility, pain, and stiffness) are delineated based on distinguishing manifestations. A constellation of additional, apparently uncommon abnormalities is also identified, including dolichocolon, dysphonia, and Arnold-Chiari type I malformation. Their further investigation may contribute to an understanding of the pathogenesis of the protean manifestations of HT-EDS, and a more effective approach to the evaluation and management of affected individuals. PMID:20140961

Castori, Marco; Camerota, Filippo; Celletti, Claudia; Danese, Chiara; Santilli, Valter; Saraceni, Vincenzo Maria; Grammatico, Paola

2010-03-01

243

Prevalence of benign and malignant thyroid nodules in patients with previous history of radiotherapy for Tinea capitis in childhood (in khorosan province)  

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Increased prevalence of thyroid cancer was noted in patients with previous history of radiotherapy of the head and neck region in childhood. According to previous research, radiotherapy for Ti nia capitis was using up to 30 years ago in Khorasan Province. This study tries to evaluate prevalence of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and detect and treat these patients earlier to prevent more complications and increased cost. Methods and patients: Using mass media, we recalled all patients with history of radiotherapy for Tinea capitis in childhood. A questionnaire was filled for each patient and thyroid examination, thyroid scan and thyroid sonography were performed. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was done if a thyroid nodule larger than 1 cm was palpable. Serum TSH was measured in all patients. Also thyroid surgery was recommended for all patients with thyroid nodules more than 1 cm. A control group was defined from a group of patients who referred for non thyroidal sonography to radiology department of Ghaem hospital. These patients also were evaluated by clinical examination and thyroid sonography. Results: We studied 180 patients with mean age of 47.7 years and 127 age and sex m etched controls. Thyroid nodules was palpated in 45.5% of patients and 7% of controls (P0.01). The mean largest diameter of nodules were 24.8 mm in patients and 10.8 mm in control group (P<0.001). 75% of patients were agreed with FNAB and 5% of them had suspicious cytology results. No suspicious or malignant results was noted in control group. Twenty seven patients (33.7%) were operated. Pathological results were benign in 89.9% and malignant in 1% of patients. His study showed that thyroid nodules and thyroid neo plasma were significantly more larger in the patients group. Thyroid neoplasm were more frequent in younger patients with latent thyroid (from radiotherapy) of less than 40 years, so aggressive evaluation is recommended in these group

244

Isolation of pathogenic Escherichia coli from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients with history of raw milk consumption  

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Full Text Available Aim: To detect the occurrence of pathogenic Escherichia coli from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients with history of raw milk consumption and to determine the public health significance of isolates, especially their role in causing human diseases.Materials and Methods: Atotal of 100 stool samples from diarrhoeal patients, with history of raw milk consumption were collected from primary health centres in and around Anand city, under aseptic conditions and a total of 50 raw milk samples were collected from milk vendors, retail shops located in Anand city in sterilized sample bottles. MacConkey broth was used for the enrichment of all the samples and inoculation was done on MacConkey agar and EMB agar was used as the selective media. This was followed by the confirmation of isolates using biochemical tests. For the serotyping,E. coli isolates were sent to the National Salmonella and Escherichia Centre, Central Research Institute (CRI, Kasauli, Himachal Pradesh.Detection of virulence genes was performed using PCR technique.Results: During the present investigation, 26 (52% E. coli isolates from 50 milk samples and 59 (59% E. coli isolates from 100 stool samples were recovered. Out of 85 E. coli isolates sent for serotyping, 74 isolates could be typed which were further distributed into 13 different serogroups O2, O4, O8, O17, O22, O25, O29, O36, O45, O60, O90, O116 and O172, whereas 8 isolates were found untypable and 3 isolates were reported rough isolates. Of the 59 E. coli isolates from stool samples of diarrhoeal patients tested, 15 isolates (25.42% were reported to be positive for stx genes, among that 6 (10.16% were positive for stx1 gene, 9 (15.25% isolates were positive for stx2 gene, while 3 isolates (5.08% were positive for eaeA gene. In this study, 21 E. coliisolates were found to be Shiga toxin producing E. coli (STEC while none of the isolates were positive for the serotype O157. Conclusions: Our present findings indicate that raw milk may act as a source of pathogenic E. coli and it may be responsible for the occurrence of diarrhoea and various other health-related complications in humans. We therefore recommend proper managemental practices and effective control measures for improved hygiene and sanitation.

M. N. Brahmbhatt

2013-07-01

245

Acompanhamento nutricional de cirróticos com história pregressa de alcoolismo Nutrition follow-up o cirrhotic patients with history of alcoholism  

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Full Text Available A desnutrição proteíco-energética é freqüente nos pacientes cirróticos e representa um sério risco no aumento das taxas de morbi-mortalidade desta população. Independente do fator etiológico sua prevalência é alta e repercute em ambos os sexos. Este estudo de casos objetivou verificar o impacto da injúria cirrose alcoólica no estado nutricional e a eficácia do tratamento dietoterápico na reversão da depleção nutricional. Foram estudados 50 pacientes (47 homens e 3 mulheres atendidos no Ambulatório de Nutrição onde foi realizada avaliação nutricional objetiva com os parâmetros antropométricos, bioquímicos, clínicos e história dietética em três momentos distintos (início, 8º e 18º mês de tratamento. Os resultados iniciais revelaram que 96% dos cirróticos apresentavam algum nível de desnutrição e, no 18º mês tiveram normalização dos parâmetros nutricionais.The protein-calorie malnutrition is very common in the cirrhotic patients and it represents a risk in the morbidity and mortality rates increase. Independently of the etiologic factor, its prevalence is high and has repercussions in both sexes. This cases study had the objective of verifying the impact of alcoholic cirrhosis in the nutritional status and the efficacy of the diet therapy in the reversion of malnutrition. Fifty patients (47 men and 3 women were studied. They were attended at the Nutrition Ambulatory, where an objective nutritional assessment was carried out wish anthropometric, biochemical and clinical parameters and dietetic history in three distinct moments (beginning, 8th and 18th month of treatment. The first results revealed that 96% of the cirrhotic patients presented some level of malnutrition and in the 18th month the nutritional parameters were normalized.

Nelzir Trindade Reis

1998-12-01

246

Alcohol intake and prognosis of atrial fibrillation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVE: To assess alcohol intake as a risk factor for adverse events among patients with incident atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Population based cohort study and nationwide Danish registries. PATIENTS: The Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study included 57 053 participants (27 178 men and 29 875 women) aged between 50 and 64 years. The study population for this study included the 3107 participants (1999 men, 1108 women) who developed incident AF after inclusion. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A composite of thromboembolism or death. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 4.9 years 608 deaths and 211 thromboembolic events occurred. Of those who developed AF, 690 (35%) men and 233 (21%) women had a high intake of alcohol (>20 drinks/week for men and >13 drinks/week for women). After adjustment for use of oral anticoagulation and components of the CHA2DS2-VASc score, men with an intake of >27 drinks/week had a higher risk for thromboembolism or death (hazard ratio (HR) 1.33, 95% CI1.08 to 1.63) than men with an intake of 20 drinks/week also had a higher risk (HR 1.23, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.96) than women in the low intake category. The higher risk among men was primarily driven by mortality (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.89), whereas the risk found among women was driven by thromboembolism (HR 1.71, 95% CI 0.81 to 3.60). CONCLUSIONS: High alcohol intake predicts thromboembolism or death, even after adjustment for established clinical risk factors, and may help identify high risk AF patients who could be targeted for stroke and cardiovascular prevention strategies.

Overvad, Thure Filskov; Rasmussen, Lars Hvilsted

2013-01-01

247

Avaliação nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com doença celíaca com e sem transgressão alimentar / Nutritional evaluation and food intake of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a ingestão de energia e de macronutrientes de pacientes com diagnóstico de doença celíaca que transgrediam ou não a dieta isenta de glúten. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 63 pacientes com doença celíaca: 34 crianças e 29 adolescentes. Transgressão à dieta isenta de [...] glúten foi caracterizada por meio da dosagem sérica do anticorpo antitransglutaminase tissular recombiante humana. O estado nutricional foi avaliado com base nos escores-Z de peso/idade, estatura/idade e no índice de massa corporal. A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada por meio do inquérito alimentar de 24 horas. RESULTADOS: A transgressão à dieta sem glúten foi constatada em 41,2% das crianças e em 34,5% dos adolescentes. Nas crianças com transgressão alimentar, a média do escore-Z de estatura/idade foi inferior à das crianças do grupo que não transgredia (p=0,024). Todavia, o grupo com transgressão apresentou maior escore-Z do índice de massa corporal em relação aos que não transgrediam (p=0,021). Os adolescentes que não transgrediam apresentaram maior índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta (p=0,037). Em relação à ingestão alimentar, não se observou diferença estatística entre os grupos. Todavia, cerca de 70,0% das crianças e adolescentes apresentaram consumo de energia acima de 120,0% da recomendação. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças que transgrediam a dieta apresentaram menor escore-Z de estatura/idade e maior escore-Z para índice de massa corporal do que crianças que seguem sem transgressões alimentares. Os adolescentes que não transgrediam a dieta apresentaram maior média de índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta. Consumo energético elevado foi observado tanto nas crianças quanto nos adolescentes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the nutritional status and intakes of energy and macronutrients of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet. METHODS: We studied 63 patients with celiac disease, 34 children and 29 adolescents. Noncompliance with a gluten-free diet was characte [...] rized by detection of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase in serum by recombinant human tissue transglutaminase antigen. Nutritional status was classified according to the weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass index Z-scores. Dietary intake was assessed by a 24-hour recall. RESULTS: The percentages of children and adolescents noncompliant with a gluten-free diet were 41.2% and 34.5%, respectively. Noncompliant children had a lower mean height-for-age Z-score than compliant children (p=0.024). However, noncompliant children had higher mean body mass index Z-score than compliant children (p=0.021). On the other hand, compliant adolescents had higher BMI than noncompliant adolescents (p=0.037). The food intake between the groups did not differ, but the energy intakes of 70.0% of the children and adolescents exceeded 120.0% of their requirements. CONCLUSION: Children who do not comply with a gluten-free diet have lower height-for-age Z-scores and higher body mass index Z-scores than children who comply. Compliant adolescents have a higher mean body mass index than noncompliant adolescents. High energy intake was observed in both children and adolescents.

Cristiana Santos, Andreoli; Ana Paula Bidutte, Cortez; Vera Lucia, Sdepanian; Mauro Batista de, Morais.

248

Avaliação nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com doença celíaca com e sem transgressão alimentar / Nutritional evaluation and food intake of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a ingestão de energia e de macronutrientes de pacientes com diagnóstico de doença celíaca que transgrediam ou não a dieta isenta de glúten. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 63 pacientes com doença celíaca: 34 crianças e 29 adolescentes. Transgressão à dieta isenta de [...] glúten foi caracterizada por meio da dosagem sérica do anticorpo antitransglutaminase tissular recombiante humana. O estado nutricional foi avaliado com base nos escores-Z de peso/idade, estatura/idade e no índice de massa corporal. A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada por meio do inquérito alimentar de 24 horas. RESULTADOS: A transgressão à dieta sem glúten foi constatada em 41,2% das crianças e em 34,5% dos adolescentes. Nas crianças com transgressão alimentar, a média do escore-Z de estatura/idade foi inferior à das crianças do grupo que não transgredia (p=0,024). Todavia, o grupo com transgressão apresentou maior escore-Z do índice de massa corporal em relação aos que não transgrediam (p=0,021). Os adolescentes que não transgrediam apresentaram maior índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta (p=0,037). Em relação à ingestão alimentar, não se observou diferença estatística entre os grupos. Todavia, cerca de 70,0% das crianças e adolescentes apresentaram consumo de energia acima de 120,0% da recomendação. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças que transgrediam a dieta apresentaram menor escore-Z de estatura/idade e maior escore-Z para índice de massa corporal do que crianças que seguem sem transgressões alimentares. Os adolescentes que não transgrediam a dieta apresentaram maior média de índice de massa corporal quando comparados aos que transgrediam a dieta. Consumo energético elevado foi observado tanto nas crianças quanto nos adolescentes. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the nutritional status and intakes of energy and macronutrients of celiac disease patients compliant or not with a gluten-free diet. METHODS: We studied 63 patients with celiac disease, 34 children and 29 adolescents. Noncompliance with a gluten-free diet was characte [...] rized by detection of antibodies to tissue transglutaminase in serum by recombinant human tissue transglutaminase antigen. Nutritional status was classified according to the weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass index Z-scores. Dietary intake was assessed by a 24-hour recall. RESULTS: The percentages of children and adolescents noncompliant with a gluten-free diet were 41.2% and 34.5%, respectively. Noncompliant children had a lower mean height-for-age Z-score than compliant children (p=0.024). However, noncompliant children had higher mean body mass index Z-score than compliant children (p=0.021). On the other hand, compliant adolescents had higher BMI than noncompliant adolescents (p=0.037). The food intake between the groups did not differ, but the energy intakes of 70.0% of the children and adolescents exceeded 120.0% of their requirements. CONCLUSION: Children who do not comply with a gluten-free diet have lower height-for-age Z-scores and higher body mass index Z-scores than children who comply. Compliant adolescents have a higher mean body mass index than noncompliant adolescents. High energy intake was observed in both children and adolescents.

Cristiana Santos, Andreoli; Ana Paula Bidutte, Cortez; Vera Lucia, Sdepanian; Mauro Batista de, Morais.

2013-06-01

249

Estado nutricional e ingestão alimentar de pacientes em diálise peritoneal contínua com e sem hiperparatireoidismo secundário / Nutritional status and food intake of continuous peritoneal dialysis patients with and without secondary hyperparathyroidism  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O hiperparatireoidismo secundário (HPT2) é uma complicação comum e precoce em pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Estudos têm sugerido que os altos níveis de paratormônio (PTH) podem exercer efeitos deletérios no estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC. Assim, o objetivo deste estu [...] do foi comparar o estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC em diálise peritoneal contínua (DPC) com e sem HPT2. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar o estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC em diálise peritoneal contínua (DPC) com e sem HPTS. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 74 pacientes, entre adultos e idosos, divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com os níveis de PTH. No grupo 1 (n = 18) os níveis de PTH eram maiores do que 300 pg/mL e, no grupo 2, menores ou iguais a 300 pg/mL. O estado nutricional dos pacientes foi avaliado através da antropometria, exames bioquímicos e avaliação subjetiva global (ASG). O consumo alimentar foi avaliado através do registro alimentar de 3 dias. Foram coletados também dados clínicos, como cálcio e fósforo séricos, e a presença de inflamação foi avaliada através da dosagem de proteína C reativa ultrassensível (PCR US). RESULTADOS: A média de idade da população estudada foi de 54,97 ± 17,06 anos, com predominância de pacientes adultos (58,1%) e do sexo feminino (56,8%). O tempo de DPC expresso em mediana foi de 17 meses (7,75-33). Através da ASG, demonstrou-se prevalência de 36,5% de desnutridos na população. Na análise de diferença entre os grupos, em relação à antropometria, indicadores bioquímicos e ASG, bem como ingestão alimentar, não foram evidenciadas diferenças entre os grupos estudados. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferenças no estado nutricional e na ingestão alimentar entre os pacientes com e sem HPT2. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common and early complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Studies have suggested that high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) may have deleterious effects on the nutritional status of patients with CKD. Thus, the aim of this stud [...] y was to compare the nutritional status of CKD patients in continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) with and without SHPT. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of CKD patients in continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) with and without SHPT. METHODS: 74 patients were evaluated, including adults and seniors, divided into two groups according to PTH levels. In group 1 (n = 18) levels of PTH higher than 300 pg/mL and in group 2 less than or equal to 300 pg/mL. The nutritional status of patients was assessed by anthropometry, biochemical and subjective global assessment (SGA). Food intake was measured by food record for 3 days. We also collected clinical data, such as calcium and serum phosphorus, and the presence of inflammation was assessed by measuring C-reactive protein ultra-sensitive (CRP US). RESULTS: The average age of the population studied was 54.97 ± 17.06 years, with predominance of adult patients (58.1%) and females (56.8%). The time of CPD expressed in median was 17 months (7.75-33). Through ASG, it was shown a prevalence of 36.5% of the population undernourished. In the analysis of difference between the groups in relation to anthropometry, biochemical indicators and ASG as well as food intake, there were no differences between the groups. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in nutritional status and dietary intake between patients with and without SHPT.

Sara Ribeiro, Campos; Maria Helena Lima, Gusmão; Alessandra Fortes, Almeida; Luís José Cardoso, Pereira; Lilian Ramos, Sampaio; Jairza Maria Barreto, Medeiros.

2012-06-01

250

Frequency of family history of acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Argentine FRICAS (Factores de Riesgo Coronario en America del Sur) Investigators.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relation between family history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk of AMI was analyzed using data of a case-control study conducted in Argentina between 1992 and 1994. Case patients were 1,060 subjects with AMI admitted to 35 coronary care units, and controls were 1,071 subjects admitted to the same network of hospitals where cases had been identified, for a wide spectrum of acute conditions unrelated to known or likely risk factors for AMI: 31% of cases versus 15% of controls reported > or = 1 first-degree relative with history of AMI. Compared with subjects without family history of AMI, the odds ratio (OR) of AMI, after allowance for age, sex, cholesterolemia, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, body mass index, education, social class, and physical exercise, was 2.18 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.74 to 2.74) for those with family history of AMI. The OR was 2.04 (95% CI 1.60 to 2.60) for subjects with 1 relative, and 3.18 (95% C 1.86 to 5.44) for those reporting > or = 2 relatives with AMI. In women the OR for any family history of AMI was 2.83, and in men 2.01. The association was of similar magnitude if the mother (OR 1.98), the father (OR 2.13), or a sibling (OR 2.48) had had an AMI. The association with family history was stronger at a younger age because the OR for subjects reporting > or = 2 more relatives with a history of AMI was 4.42 for subjects aged or = 55 years. The association between AMI and family history of AMI was consistent across separate strata of education, social class, smoking, and serum cholesterol, but was less strong in subjects with history of diabetes and hypertension. When the interaction of known risk factors with family history of AMI was analyzed, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and smoking had approximately multiplicative effects on the relative risk. The OR was 4.50 for subjects with family history and cholesterol > or = 240 ml/dl, 4.52 for those with hypertension, and 5.77 for current smokers with family history of AMI. Thus, this study confirms that a family history of AMI is a strong and independent risk factor for AMI. In this population from Argentina, family history accounted for 14% of all cases of AMI in men and 26% in women. PMID:9230145

Ciruzzi, M; Schargrodsky, H; Rozlosnik, J; Pramparo, P; Delmonte, H; Rudich, V; Piskorz, D; Negri, E; Soifer, S; La Vecchia, C

1997-07-15

251

Natural history of markers of collagen turnover in patients with early diastolic dysfunction and impact of eplerenone.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of eplerenone on collagen turnover in preserved systolic function heart failure (HFPSF). BACKGROUND: Despite growing interest in abnormal collagen metabolism as a feature of HFPSF with diastolic dysfunction, the natural history of markers of collagen turnover and the impact of selective aldosterone antagonism on this natural history remains unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 44 patients with HFPSF, randomly assigned to control (n = 20) or eplerenone 25 mg daily (n = 24) for 6 months, increased to 50 mg daily from 6 to 12 months. Serum markers of collagen turnover and inflammation were analyzed at baseline and at 6 and 12 months and included pro-collagen type-I and -III aminoterminal peptides, matrix metalloproteinase type-2, interleukin-6 and -8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Doppler-echocardiographic assessment of diastolic filling indexes and tissue Doppler analyses were also obtained. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 80 +\\/- 7.8 years; 46% were male; 64% were receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, 34% an angiotensin-II receptor blocker, and 68% were receiving beta-blocker therapy. Pro-collagen type-III and -I aminoterminal peptides, matrix metalloproteinase type-2, interleukin-6 and -8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha increased with time in the control group. Eplerenone treatment had no significant impact on any biomarker at 6 months but attenuated the increase in pro-collagen type-III aminoterminal peptide at 12 months (p = 0.006). Eplerenone therapy was associated with modest effects on diastolic function without any impact on clinical variables or brain natriuretic peptide. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates progressive increases in markers of collagen turnover and inflammation in HFPSF with diastolic dysfunction. Despite high background utilization of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone modulators, eplerenone therapy prevents a progressive increase in pro-collagen type-III aminoterminal peptide and may have a role in management of this disease. (The Effect of Eplerenone and Atorvastatin on Markers of Collagen Turnover in Diastolic Heart Failure; NCT00505336).

Mak, George J

2012-02-01

252

The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound. RESULTS: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical was present in 29 patients (6.5%, whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical was found in 32 individuals (8.1%. Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%, single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%, and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%. Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%. The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= 300 µg/L was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

Glaucia C. Duarte

2009-02-01

253

The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiology patients with mild excessive iodine intake in the urban area of São Paulo  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in elderly cardiac patients in an outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 399 consecutive patients (268 women, age range 60-92 years) who were followed at Heart Institute were evaluated for thyroid dysfunction with serum free [...] T4, TSH, anti-Peroxidase antibodies, urinary iodine excretion measurements and thyroid ultrasound. RESULTS: Hyperthyroidism (overt and subclinical) was present in 29 patients (6.5%), whereas hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) was found in 32 individuals (8.1%). Cysts were detected in 11 patients (2.8%), single nodules were detected in 102 (25.6%), and multinodular goiters were detected in 34 (8.5%). Hashimoto's thyroiditis was present in 16.8% patients, most of whom were women (83.6%). The serum TSH increased with age and was significantly higher (p= 300 µg/L) was observed in one-third of patients (30.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients have a higher prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism as well as thyroid nodules when compared with the general population. About one-third of the older patients had elevated urinary secretion of iodine and a higher prevalence of chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It is recommended that ultrasonographic studies, tests for thyroid function and autoimmunity should be evaluated in elderly patients.

Glaucia C., Duarte; Eduardo K., Tomimori; Rosalinda Y. A., Camargo; Ileana G.S., Rubio; Mauricio, Wajngarten; Amanda G., Rodrigues; Meyer, Knobel; Geraldo, Medeiros-Neto.

2009-02-01

254

POROUS DIKE INTAKE EVALUATION  

Science.gov (United States)

The report gives results of an evaluation of a porous dike intake. A small-scale test facility was constructed and continuously operated for 2 years under field conditions. Two stone dikes of gabion construction were tested: one consisted of 7.5 cm stones; and the other, 20 cm st...

255

Peptides and food intake.  

Science.gov (United States)

The mechanisms for controlling food intake involve mainly an interplay between gut, brain, and adipose tissue (AT), among the major organs. Parasympathetic, sympathetic, and other systems are required for communication between the brain satiety center, gut, and AT. These neuronal circuits include a variety of peptides and hormones, being ghrelin the only orexigenic molecule known, whereas the plethora of other factors are inhibitors of appetite, suggesting its physiological relevance in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. Nutrients generated by food digestion have been proposed to activate G-protein-coupled receptors on the luminal side of enteroendocrine cells, e.g., the L-cells. This stimulates the release of gut hormones into the circulation such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), oxyntomodulin, pancreatic polypeptides, peptide tyrosine tyrosine, and cholecystokinin, which inhibit appetite. Ghrelin is a peptide secreted from the stomach and, in contrast to other gut hormones, plasma levels decrease after a meal and potently stimulate food intake. Other circulating factors such as insulin and leptin relay information regarding long-term energy stores. Both hormones circulate at proportional levels to body fat content, enter the CNS proportionally to their plasma levels, and reduce food intake. Circulating hormones can influence the activity of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) neurons of the hypothalamus, after passing across the median eminence. Circulating factors such as gut hormones may also influence the nucleus of the tractus solitarius (NTS) through the adjacent circumventricular organ. On the other hand, gastrointestinal vagal afferents converge in the NTS of the brainstem. Neural projections from the NTS, in turn, carry signals to the hypothalamus. The ARC acts as an integrative center, with two major subpopulations of neurons influencing appetite, one of them coexpressing neuropeptide Y and agouti-related protein (AgRP) that increases food intake, whereas the other subpopulation coexpresses pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript that inhibits food intake. AgRP antagonizes the effects of the POMC product, ?-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (?-MSH). Both populations project to areas important in the regulation of food intake, including the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, which also receives important inputs from other hypothalamic nuclei. PMID:24795698

Sobrino Crespo, Carmen; Perianes Cachero, Aránzazu; Puebla Jiménez, Lilian; Barrios, Vicente; Arilla Ferreiro, Eduardo

2014-01-01

256

Ultrastructure in C cell hyperplasia in asymptomatic patients with hypercalcitoninemia and a family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

C cell hyperplasia and occult medullary carcinoma of the thyroid in asymptomatic individuals at genetic risk can be detected by measurement of serum calcitonin concentrations before and after stimulation with a secretagogue. Electron microscopy was used to confirm the presence of C cell hyperplasia afte demonstration of elevated serum calcitonin values in three asymptomatic young women from two affected kindreds. Nodules of hyperplastic cells were observed in each of the three thyroids and were composed of two types of cells, one rich in secretory granules and the other in mitochondria. In one thyroid relatively large nodules also contained extracellular deposits of amyloid. Although the presence of the two types of cells and amyloid deposits is characteristic of medullary carcinoma, there was no evidence that the C cell nodules were malignant. However, such nodules may represent a certain stage in the development of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid. We believe, therefore, that electron microscopy can demonstrate incipient C cell neoplasia in needle biopsy specimens. Confirmation of C cell neoplasia is desirable for positive diagnosis and hence for genetic counseling in patients with a family history of the disease. PMID:7275099

Asaadi, A A

1981-07-01

257

Nutritient intake of young children with Prader–Willi syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS is a rare genetic disorder resulting in obesity. The diets for young children with PWS must balance the importance of preventing development of obesity with the need to supply sufficient energy and essential nutrients. Objective: To investigate the nutritional intake for children with PWS 2, 3, and 4 years of age and compare it with Nordic Nutritional Recommendations (NNR and intake of healthy controls. Design: Assessments of food intake for six children 2–4 years of age were performed twice a year. At the age of 2 and 3 years data was obtained by using food recall interviews and at 4 year of age a pre-coded food-diary was used. Results: The energy intake for the 2-year-old children was 3.25 MJ/day (SD 0.85 and for the 3- and 4-year olds 3.62 MJ/day (SD 0.73 and 4.07 MJ/day (SD 0.39 MJ, respectively. These intakes are 61%, 68%, and 77% of the estimated energy requirements in NNR for healthy 2-, 3- and 4-year-old children, respectively, and 60% and 66% of the energy intakes of 2- and 4-year-old children in reference populations. The children's BMI-for-age score and length growth was within the normal range during the study period. The intake of fat was about 25 E% in all age groups and reduced when compared with reference populations. In 25% of the assessments the fat intake was 20 E% or below. The intake of iron was below recommendations in all age groups both with and without supplementation. The mean intake of vitamin D and tocopherol was below recommendations when intakes were determined excluding dietary supplementations. Conclusions: More large-scale investigations on nutritional intake are needed to further investigate dietary challenges for this patient group.

Marianne Lindmark

2010-03-01

258

Caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or therapy in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation with a prior or ongoing history of systemic or invasive fungal infections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Patients with a history of or ongoing invasive fungal infection (IFI) who undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) have a high risk of reactivation or progression.In a prospective study we evaluated the efficacy and safety of caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or as therapy for persistent disease.Methods: Twenty-eight adult patients were included in this study, all of whom had acute leukemia. At the time of SCT 16 patients had no signs of infection, while in 12 cases r...

Zander, A. R.; Erttmann, R.; Von Hinu?ber, R.; Kratochwille, A.; Renges, H.; Schieder, H.; Ayuk, F.; Wolschke, C.; Panse, J.; Hassenpflug, W.; Fehse, N.; Zabelina, T.; Stute, N.; Kro?ger, N.

2008-01-01

259

The prognostic importance of a history of hypertension in patients with symptomatic heart failure is substantially worsened by a short mitral inflow deceleration time  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Hypertension is a common comorbidity in patients with heart failure and may contribute to development and course of disease, but the importance of a history of hypertension in patients with prevalent heart failure remains uncertain. Methods 3078 consecutively hospitalized heart failure patients (NYHA classes II-IV were screened for the EchoCardiography and Heart Outcome Study (ECHOS. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF was estimated by 2 dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in all patients and a subgroup of 878 patients had additional data on pulsed wave Doppler assessment of transmitral flow available. A restrictive filling (RF was defined as a mitral inflow deceleration time ?140?ms. Patients were followed for a median of 6.8 (Inter Quartile Range 6.6-7.0 years and multivariable Cox regression models were used to assess the risk of all-cause mortality associated with hypertension. Results The study population had a mean age of 73?±?11?years. 39% were female, 27% had a history of hypertension and 48% had a RF. Over the study period, 64% of the population died. Hypertension was not associated with increased risk of mortality, hazard ratio (HR 0.95 (0.85-1.05. LVEF did not modify this relationship (p for interaction?=?0.7, but RF pattern substantially influenced the outcomes associated with hypertension (p for interaction? Conclusions In patients with symptomatic heart failure, a history of hypertension is associated with a substantially increased relative risk of mortality among patients with a restrictive transmitral filling pattern.

Andersson Charlotte

2012-04-01

260

Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Adult Patients with Asthma  

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The present study was carried out on 120 adult patients (sixty male and sixty female) age 42.6 ± 1.8 years, they were selected from outpatient clinics of Tanta University Hospital, Egypt. All patients were diagnosed according to standard medical criteria as being asthmatic. Data for socioeconomic status, health history, anthropometric measurements and food habits were obtained. The 24 hour recall for three days was used for assessment of food intakes. Also, Hb, PCV, erythrocyte, leucocyte, e...

Mohamed Saleh Mohamed

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or therapy in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation with a prior or ongoing history of systemic or invasive fungal infections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Patients with a history of or ongoing invasive fungal infection (IFI who undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT have a high risk of reactivation or progression.In a prospective study we evaluated the efficacy and safety of caspofungin as secondary prophylaxis or as therapy for persistent disease.Methods: Twenty-eight adult patients were included in this study, all of whom had acute leukemia. At the time of SCT 16 patients had no signs of infection, while in 12 cases radiographic signs (CT scan of florid fungal infections were noted. Caspofungin 50 mg intravenously was given daily from start of conditioning until stable engraftment.Results: No patient experienced side effects leading to the discontinuation of caspofungin. In 14 out of 16 patients (88 % without active signs of infection at start of transplantation, no fungal disease was observed after prophylaxis with caspofungin. In 10 out of 12 cases (83 % with radiographic signs of florid fungal infection pre-transplantation, complete (n=4 or partial (n=6 responses after caspofungin treatment were achieved.Conclusions: The use of caspofungin is safe and effective in high-risk patients with a history of IFI when undergoing allogeneic SCT.

A.R. Zander

2008-11-01

262

Alcohol intake and risk of cancers of the colon and rectum.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between alcohol drinking (mainly wine) and risk of colon and rectal cancer was considered in a case-control study conducted between 1991 and 1996 in six Italian centers. Cases were 1,225 patients alcohol intake (> 51.82 g ethanol/day) were 1.01 for colon cancer and 0.90 for rectal cancer, and those for ex-drinkers were 1.20 and 1.07, respectively. The OR for wine drinkers in the highest quartile of intake were 1.07 for colon cancer and 0.97 for rectal cancer. No association was found with duration of the habit, time since starting, or age at starting. Among ex-drinkers, no association appeared with time since stopping. No significant heterogeneity was found across strata of age at diagnosis, sex, education, smoking status, physical activity, family history of colorectal cancer, beta-carotene, vitamin C, coffee, total fiber and folate intake, and number of meals per day. No significant association appeared for various intestinal subsites. PMID:9631493

Tavani, A; Ferraroni, M; Mezzetti, M; Franceschi, S; Lo Re, A; La Vecchia, C

1998-01-01

263

Alcohol consumption in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis  

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Full Text Available AIM: To assess the alcohol drinking patterns in a cohort of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC patients and the possible influence on the development of fibrosis. METHODS: Ninety-six patients with PSC were evaluated with a validated questionnaire about a patient’s lifetime drinking habits: the lifetime drinking history (LDH questionnaire. In addition, clinical status, transient elastography and biochemistry values were analysed and registered. Patients were defined as having either significant or non-significant fibrosis. Significant fibrosis was defined as either an elastography value of ? 17.3 kPa or the presence of clinical signs of cirrhosis. Patients were divided into two groups depending on their alcohol consumption patterns; no/low alcohol consumption (one drink or unit/d and moderate/high alcohol consumption (? 1 drink or unit/d. LDH data were calculated to estimate lifetime alcohol intake (LAI, current alcohol intake, drinks per year before and after diagnosis of PSC. We also calculated the number of episodes of binge-drinking (defined as consuming ? 5 drinks per occasion in total, before and after the diagnosis of PSC. RESULTS: The mean LAI was 3882 units of alcohol, giving a mean intake after onset of alcohol consumption of 2.6 units per week. Only 9% of patients consumed alcohol equal to or more than one unit per day. Current alcohol intake in patients with significant fibrosis (n = 26 was less than in patients without significant fibrosis (n = 70, as shown by lower values of phosphatidylethanol (B-PEth (0.1 ?mol/L vs 0.33 ?mol/L, respectively, P = 0.002 and carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT (0.88% vs 1.06%, respectively, P = 0.02. Self-reported LAI was similar between the two groups. Patients with significant fibrosis reduced their alcohol intake after diagnosis from 103 to 88 units per year whereas patients without fibrosis increased their alcohol intake after PSC diagnosis from 111 to 151 units/year. There were no correlations between elastography values and intake of alcohol (units/year (r = -0.036. CONCLUSION: PSC patients have low alcohol consumption. The lack of correlation between fibrosis and alcohol intake indicates that a low alcohol intake is safe in these patients.

Annika Bergquist

2012-01-01

264

Transition of historial tube flaps to free flap for 2-stage total knee arthroplasty in a patient with a history of Gustilo grade IIIB tibia fracture.  

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We report the case of a 56-year-old patient who had posttraumatic bilateral knee arthritis and underwent sequential bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The left knee joint required 2-stage reconstruction: a free flap for enhanced soft-tissue coverage and then left knee TKA. Uniquely, at age 16 years this patient sustained a left tibia grade IIIB high-energy crush injury in a car crash and underwent reconstruction with multiple pedicle tube flaps and transfer of soft tissues. Most of that reconstruction was done between the ages of 16 and 19. At age 56 years, staged TKA was performed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a knee reconstructed with pedicle tube flaps for a grade IIIB tibial fracture, followed years later by free-flap coverage before TKA. This report offers insights and treatment recommendations through long-term follow-up of a unique case and a historical perspective on how reconstructive options have evolved. PMID:24945485

Spence, Sean A; Doren, Erin L; Dayicioglu, Deniz; Bernasek, Thomas

2014-06-01

265

Long-term nutritional assessment of patients with severe short bowel syndrome managed with home enteral nutrition and oral intake / Evaluación nutricional a largo plazo de pacientes con grave síndrome de intestino corto controlada con nutrición enteral e ingestión oral  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: La nutrición parenteral (NP) se emplea para controlar el estado nutricional después de resecciones intestinales extensas. Siempre que sea posible, se empleará la nutrición enteral (NE) para favorecer la rehabilitación intestinal y reducir la dependencia de la NP. Nuestro propósito fue [...] verificar si la NE + ingesta oral (IO) en el síndrome del intestino corto (SIC) grave en pacientes adultos quirúrgicos puede mantener un estado nutricional adecuado a largo plazo. Métodos: Este estudio longitudinal retrospectivo incluyó 10 pacientes seguidos durante 7 años tras la intervención quirúrgica. Se evaluaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de pérdida involuntaria del peso corporal habitual (PCH), la masa grasa libre (MGL) y la composición de la masa grasa (MG) mediante impedancia bioeléctrica, así como los datos de laboratorio a los 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 y 84 meses tras la cirugía. Se evaluaron en los mismos periodos la energía y las proteínas aportadas con la NPD y a largo plazo con la NED + ingesta oral (IO). Se utilizó un modelo estadístico de ecuaciones estimativas generalizadas con una p Abstract in english Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used to control the nutritional state after severe intestinal resections. Whenever possible, enteral nutrition (EN) is used to promote intestinal rehabilitation and reduce PN dependency. Our aim is to verify whether EN + oral intake (OI) in severe short bowel [...] syndrome (SBS) surgical adult patients can maintain adequate nutritional status in the long term. Methods: This longitudinal retrospective study included 10 patients followed for 7 post-operative years. Body mass index (BMI), percentage of involuntary loss of usual body weight (UWL), free fat mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) composition assessed by bioelectric impedance, and laboratory tests were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 84 months after surgery. Energy and protein offered in HPN and at long term by HEN+ oral intake (OI), was evaluated at the same periods. The statistical model of generalized estimating equations with p

V., Chaer Borges; M.ª de L., Teixeira da Silva; M.ª C., Gonçalves Dias; M.ª C., González; D., Linetzky Waitzberg.

266

Long-term nutritional assessment of patients with severe short bowel syndrome managed with home enteral nutrition and oral intake / Evaluación nutricional a largo plazo de pacientes con grave síndrome de intestino corto controlada con nutrición enteral e ingestión oral  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: La nutrición parenteral (NP) se emplea para controlar el estado nutricional después de resecciones intestinales extensas. Siempre que sea posible, se empleará la nutrición enteral (NE) para favorecer la rehabilitación intestinal y reducir la dependencia de la NP. Nuestro propósito fue [...] verificar si la NE + ingesta oral (IO) en el síndrome del intestino corto (SIC) grave en pacientes adultos quirúrgicos puede mantener un estado nutricional adecuado a largo plazo. Métodos: Este estudio longitudinal retrospectivo incluyó 10 pacientes seguidos durante 7 años tras la intervención quirúrgica. Se evaluaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el porcentaje de pérdida involuntaria del peso corporal habitual (PCH), la masa grasa libre (MGL) y la composición de la masa grasa (MG) mediante impedancia bioeléctrica, así como los datos de laboratorio a los 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 y 84 meses tras la cirugía. Se evaluaron en los mismos periodos la energía y las proteínas aportadas con la NPD y a largo plazo con la NED + ingesta oral (IO). Se utilizó un modelo estadístico de ecuaciones estimativas generalizadas con una p Abstract in english Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used to control the nutritional state after severe intestinal resections. Whenever possible, enteral nutrition (EN) is used to promote intestinal rehabilitation and reduce PN dependency. Our aim is to verify whether EN + oral intake (OI) in severe short bowel [...] syndrome (SBS) surgical adult patients can maintain adequate nutritional status in the long term. Methods: This longitudinal retrospective study included 10 patients followed for 7 post-operative years. Body mass index (BMI), percentage of involuntary loss of usual body weight (UWL), free fat mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) composition assessed by bioelectric impedance, and laboratory tests were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 84 months after surgery. Energy and protein offered in HPN and at long term by HEN+ oral intake (OI), was evaluated at the same periods. The statistical model of generalized estimating equations with p

V., Chaer Borges; M.ª de L., Teixeira da Silva; M.ª C., Gonçalves Dias; M.ª C., González; D., Linetzky Waitzberg.

2011-08-01

267

A comparison of the natural history and outcome of treatment for Asian and non-Asian hepatitis C-infected patients.  

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Ethnicity is an important host variable, but its impact on disease progression and response to therapy in Hepatitis C infection is unclear. Here we compare the natural history and outcome of therapy in white and Asian (Indian subcontinent) Hepatitis C infected patients. A total of 2123 White and 120 Asian HCV infected patients were identified within the Trent HCV study. Response to therapy was assessed in 224 white and 46 Asian patients with genotype 3 infection who received pegylated interferon and ribavirin. Asian patients were more likely to be older, female, infected with genotype 3 and to consume no alcohol. At time of first biopsy, fibrosis stage was significantly higher in Asian patients than in Whites (3.0?±?2.3 vs 1.8?±?2.0, P?patients where duration of infection could be estimated, fibrosis progression was similar for both groups (0.25?±?0.31 vs. 0.16?±?0.54 Ishak points/year, P?=?0.068). 78.3% of Asian and 67.9% of White genotype 3 patients had a sustained virological response following Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin. Cirrhosis and increased levels of GGT, but not ethnicity were associated with a reduction in the likelihood of a sustained virological response on multivariate analysis. Asian patients with Hepatitis C are more likely to be female, less likely to give a history of risk factors, present to medical services at an older age, and have more severe liver disease at diagnosis, but disease progression and response to treatment are similar to white patients. PMID:21138506

Lawson, A

2011-07-01

268

Peptides and Food Intake  

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Full Text Available Nutrients created by the digestion of food are proposed to active G protein coupled receptors on the luminal side of enteroendocrine cells e.g. the L-cell. This stimulates the release of gut hormones. Hormones released from the gut and adipose tissue play an important rol in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure (1.Many circulating signals, including gut hormones, can influence the activity of the arcuate nucleus (ARC neurons directly, after passing across the median eminence. The ARC is adjacent to the median eminence, a circumventricular organ with fenestrated capillaries and hence an incomplete blood-brain barrier (2. The ARC of the hypothalamus is believed to play a crucial role in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis. The ARC contains two populations of neurons with opposing effect on food intake (3. Medially located orexigenic neurons (i.e those stimulating appetite express neuropeptide Y (NPY and agouti-related protein (AgRP (4-5. Anorexigenic neurons (i.e. those inhibiting appetite in the lateral ARC express alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (?-MSH derived from pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC and cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART (6. The balance between activities of these neuronal circuits is critical to body weight regulation.In contrast, other peripheral signals influence the hypothalamus indirectly via afferent neuronal pathway and brainstem circuits. In this context gastrointestinal’s vagal afferents are activated by mechanoreceptors and chemoreceptors, and converge in the nucleus of the tractus solitaries (NTS of the brainstem. Neuronal projections from the NTS, in turn, carry signals to the hypotalamus (1, 7. Gut hormones also alter the activity of the ascending vagal pathway from the gut to the brainstem. In the cases of ghrelin and Peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY, there are evidences for both to have a direct action on the arcuate nucleus and an action via the vagus nerve a

EduardoArilla

2014-04-01

269

Mesothelioma in an HIV/AIDS patient without history of asbestos exposure: possible role for immunosuppression in mesothelioma: a case report  

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We describe a 41-year-old African-American male who initially presented in respiratory distress. He had a positive history of asthma, cigarette smoking, and only recent possible asbestos exposure six months prior to onset of symptoms. Mesothelioma was suspected after chest radiography and PET-CT, and confirmed by immunohistochemical tissue analysis. We postulate that immunosuppression enhances susceptibility to mesothelioma, since weakened immune systems are present in both HIV/AIDS patients ...

James, Cleve Orian; Woods, Ashanti W.; Arya, Payam; Abuelgasim, Khadega Ahmed; Heath, Lekidelu Taddesse; Sitapati, Amy

2009-01-01

270

Ethanol intake and 3H-serotonin uptake II: A study in alcoholic patients using platelets 3H-paroxetine binding  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The kinetic parameters of 3H-paroxetine binding and 3H-serotonin uptake were studied in platelets of alcoholic patients. There was no difference between alcoholic and non alcoholic subjects in 3H-paroxetine binding. When binding and 3H-serotonin uptake were studied, in the same plasma of the same subjects, the Vmax of serotonin uptake was increased in alcoholics. The data confirm the involvement of serotonin uptake system in alcohol dependance and suggest that serotonin uptake and paroxetine binding sites may be regulated independently in this pathology

271

Ethanol intake and sup 3 H-serotonin uptake II: A study in alcoholic patients using platelets sup 3 H-paroxetine binding  

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The kinetic parameters of {sup 3}H-paroxetine binding and {sup 3}H-serotonin uptake were studied in platelets of alcoholic patients. There was no difference between alcoholic and non alcoholic subjects in {sup 3}H-paroxetine binding. When binding and {sup 3}H-serotonin uptake were studied, in the same plasma of the same subjects, the Vmax of serotonin uptake was increased in alcoholics. The data confirm the involvement of serotonin uptake system in alcohol dependance and suggest that serotonin uptake and paroxetine binding sites may be regulated independently in this pathology.

Daoust, M.; Boucly, P. (U.F.R. de Medecine et Pharmacie, Saint Etienne du Rouvrary (France)); Ernouf, D. (Institut du Medicament, Tours (France)); Breton, P. (Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine de Rouen (France)); Lhuintre, J.P.

1991-01-01

272

Leiomyosarcoma of the distal femur in a patient with a history of bilateral retinoblastoma: a case report and review of the literature  

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We report a case of primary leiomyosarcoma of the distal femoral shaft arising in a patient who had undergone bilateral orbital enucleation for bilateral retinoblastoma several years previously. Radiography demonstrated an osteolytic, expansive lesion with cortical destruction anteriorly in the distal femoral shaft, and these findings were confirmed on CT. MR imaging revealed an expansive intramedullary lesion with cortical breakthrough and soft tissue extension. The occurrence of a second malignancy in patients with a history of bilateral retinoblastoma is well documented. Many different histological types have been described, with osteosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma occurring with the greatest frequency. (orig.)

273

Ascending aortic aneurysm in a patient with bicuspid aortic valve, positive history of systemic autoimmune diseases and common genetic factors: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV and specific systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with cardiovascular manifestation, including aortic aneurysm. We reported a case of 64 year-old patient with BAV and a history of ankylosing spondylitis (AS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, and who developed ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient presented also the homozygosity for genetic variants of MMP9, ACE, MTHFR and PAI-1 genes. Gene-environmental interactions may represent an additional pathogenetic dimension in the still challenging management of the abnormalities of the aortic wall, including dilatation, aneurysm and dissection.

Mazzone Annamaria

2009-07-01

274

Is the control of dietary cholesterol intake sufficiently effective to ameliorate nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?  

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Full Text Available In our examination of the distribution of abdominal fat, dietary intake and biochemical data in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD, non-obese NAFLD patients without insulin resistance presented a characteristic pattern of dietary intake. Dietary cholesterol intake was superabundant in non-obese patients compared with obese patients, although total energy and carbohydrate intake was not excessive. Namely, excess cholesterol intake appears to be one of the main factors associated with NAFLD development and liver injury. Therefore, the control of dietary cholesterol intake may lead to an improvement in NAFLD, and the NPC1L1 inhibitor ezetimibe might be a promising treatment for NAFLD. We review one pathogenic aspect of lipid metabolism dysregulation in NAFLD and survey new strategies for NAFLD treatment based on the modification of cholesterol metabolism.

Munechika Enjoji, Makoto Nakamuta

2010-02-01

275

Acute Hematogenous Infection of Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty by Oral Bacteria in a Patient without a History of Dental Procedures: Case Report  

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The risk of periprosthetic joint infection from hematogenous bacterial seeding is increased in patients undergoing dental procedures that facilitate the development of bacteremia. We herein report the case of a patient without a history of dental procedures who suffered from an acute metastatic infection of a hip prosthesis by the oral bacterium Streptococcus mutans 18 months after undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty. The patient was successfully treated by two-stage revision surgery. It is important to realize that the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis against joint infections has not yet been convincingly proven. As a result, optimal dental hygiene and regular dental visits may be more important than antibiotic prophylaxis for maintaining joint health. Therefore, orthopedic surgeons should educate patients with joint prostheses about good oral health. PMID:24741380

Sonohata, Motoki; Kitajima, Masaru; Kawano, Syunsuke; Mawatari, Masaaki

2014-01-01

276

Desensibilización rápida en pacientes con hipersensibilidad a aspirina sometidos a angioplastía coronaria: Reporte de cuatro casos Rapid aspirin desensitization in patients with a history of aspirin hypersensitivity requiring coronary angioplasty: Report of four cases  

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Background: Aspirin use is necessary after a coronary angioplasty. It should not be used in patients with a history of hypersensitivity. However, rapid desensitization protocols have been reported to allow its use in such patients. One of these protocols consists in the administration of progressive doses of aspirin, from 1 to 100 mg in a period of 5.5 hours, in a controlled environment. We report four male patients aged 45,49, 59 and 73 years with a history of aspiri...

Nicolás Veas P; Gonzalo Martínez; Jorge Jalil M; Alejandro Martínez S; Pablo Castro G

2013-01-01

277

Dietary intake increases serum levels of carboxymethil-lysine (CML in diabetic patients La ingesta dietaria de carboximetil-lisina (CML aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de este compuesto en pacientes diabéticos  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Advanced glycation end products are produced endogenously, in association with hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. They can also be generated during cooking or food processing and, once absorbed, alter protein function and promote inflammation. Methods: We selected 40 healthy male subjects, 17 patients with type 2 diabetes of both sexes and 15 patients with type 1 diabetes of both sexes. Each participant underwent both a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ and 24-hour dietary recall specially adapted for measuring CML intake, anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure and biochemical parameters in blood and urine. Results: Serum CML levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (p 0.04, showing a direct relationship between dietary intake and serum levels of CML in T2D patients (r 0.53 p 0.03. sCML levels correlated positively with length of diabetes mellitus, and inversely with body mass index (BMI. The most important dietary factor contributing to raise CML levels in these patients with diabetes was the consumption of milk powder. Conclusion: Serum levels of CML were found to be higher among diabetic subjects, associated to length of diabetes as expected, but also with the ingestion of foods containing higher amounts of ML. The consumption of milk powder in this group is a major determinant of increased serum levels.Introducción: Los productos avanzados de la glicación se producen de forma endógena en relación con la hiperglucemia y el estrés oxidativo. También pueden generarse durante el cocinado o el procesamiento de los alimentos; una vez absorbidos, alteran la función proteica y favorecen la inflamación. Métodos: Seleccionamos a 40 hombres sanos, 17 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de ambos sexos y 15 pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 de ambos sexos. A cada participante se le realizó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFA y un recordatorio de 24 horas especialmente adaptado para medir el consumo de CML, antropometría, medición de la presión sanguínea y parámetros bioquímicos en la sangre y la orina. Resultados: Las concentraciones séricas de CML fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con diabetes en comparación con los individuos sanos (p = 0,04. Se encontró una relación directa entre el consumo dietético y las concentraciones séricas de CML en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 (r = 0,53; p = 0,03. Las concentraciones séricas de CML se correlacionan positivamente con la duración de la diabetes mellitus e inversamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC. El alimento que más contribuye al aumento de las concentraciones plasmáticas de CML en estos pacientes fue el consumo de leche en polvo. Conclusión: Se encontró que las concentraciones séricas de CML eran mayores en los sujetos diabéticos, asociado con la duración de la diabetes, como era de esperar, pero también con la ingestión de alimentos que contienen mayores cantidades de CML. El consumo de leche en polvo en este grupo es un factor determinante en el aumento de las concentraciones séricas de CML.

N. Jara

2012-08-01

278

Dietary intake increases serum levels of carboxymethil-lysine (CML) in diabetic patients / La ingesta dietaria de carboximetil-lisina (CML) aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de este compuesto en pacientes diabéticos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: Los productos avanzados de la glicación se producen de forma endógena en relación con la hiperglucemia y el estrés oxidativo. También pueden generarse durante el cocinado o el procesamiento de los alimentos; una vez absorbidos, alteran la función proteica y favorecen la inflamación. Mé [...] todos: Seleccionamos a 40 hombres sanos, 17 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de ambos sexos y 15 pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 de ambos sexos. A cada participante se le realizó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFA) y un recordatorio de 24 horas especialmente adaptado para medir el consumo de CML, antropometría, medición de la presión sanguínea y parámetros bioquímicos en la sangre y la orina. Resultados: Las concentraciones séricas de CML fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con diabetes en comparación con los individuos sanos (p = 0,04). Se encontró una relación directa entre el consumo dietético y las concentraciones séricas de CML en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 (r = 0,53; p = 0,03). Las concentraciones séricas de CML se correlacionan positivamente con la duración de la diabetes mellitus e inversamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC). El alimento que más contribuye al aumento de las concentraciones plasmáticas de CML en estos pacientes fue el consumo de leche en polvo. Conclusión: Se encontró que las concentraciones séricas de CML eran mayores en los sujetos diabéticos, asociado con la duración de la diabetes, como era de esperar, pero también con la ingestión de alimentos que contienen mayores cantidades de CML. El consumo de leche en polvo en este grupo es un factor determinante en el aumento de las concentraciones séricas de CML. Abstract in english Introduction: Advanced glycation end products are produced endogenously, in association with hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. They can also be generated during cooking or food processing and, once absorbed, alter protein function and promote inflammation. Methods: We selected 40 healthy male subj [...] ects, 17 patients with type 2 diabetes of both sexes and 15 patients with type 1 diabetes of both sexes. Each participant underwent both a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour dietary recall specially adapted for measuring CML intake, anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure and biochemical parameters in blood and urine. Results: Serum CML levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (p 0.04), showing a direct relationship between dietary intake and serum levels of CML in T2D patients (r 0.53 p 0.03). sCML levels correlated positively with length of diabetes mellitus, and inversely with body mass index (BMI). The most important dietary factor contributing to raise CML levels in these patients with diabetes was the consumption of milk powder. Conclusion: Serum levels of CML were found to be higher among diabetic subjects, associated to length of diabetes as expected, but also with the ingestion of foods containing higher amounts of ML. The consumption of milk powder in this group is a major determinant of increased serum levels.

N., Jara; M. J., Leal; D., Bunout; S., Hirsch; G., Barrera; L., Leiva; M. P., de la Maza.

279

Dietary intake increases serum levels of carboxymethil-lysine (CML) in diabetic patients / La ingesta dietaria de carboximetil-lisina (CML) aumenta los niveles plasmáticos de este compuesto en pacientes diabéticos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción: Los productos avanzados de la glicación se producen de forma endógena en relación con la hiperglucemia y el estrés oxidativo. También pueden generarse durante el cocinado o el procesamiento de los alimentos; una vez absorbidos, alteran la función proteica y favorecen la inflamación. Mé [...] todos: Seleccionamos a 40 hombres sanos, 17 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de ambos sexos y 15 pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 de ambos sexos. A cada participante se le realizó un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFA) y un recordatorio de 24 horas especialmente adaptado para medir el consumo de CML, antropometría, medición de la presión sanguínea y parámetros bioquímicos en la sangre y la orina. Resultados: Las concentraciones séricas de CML fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con diabetes en comparación con los individuos sanos (p = 0,04). Se encontró una relación directa entre el consumo dietético y las concentraciones séricas de CML en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 (r = 0,53; p = 0,03). Las concentraciones séricas de CML se correlacionan positivamente con la duración de la diabetes mellitus e inversamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC). El alimento que más contribuye al aumento de las concentraciones plasmáticas de CML en estos pacientes fue el consumo de leche en polvo. Conclusión: Se encontró que las concentraciones séricas de CML eran mayores en los sujetos diabéticos, asociado con la duración de la diabetes, como era de esperar, pero también con la ingestión de alimentos que contienen mayores cantidades de CML. El consumo de leche en polvo en este grupo es un factor determinante en el aumento de las concentraciones séricas de CML. Abstract in english Introduction: Advanced glycation end products are produced endogenously, in association with hyperglycemia and oxidative stress. They can also be generated during cooking or food processing and, once absorbed, alter protein function and promote inflammation. Methods: We selected 40 healthy male subj [...] ects, 17 patients with type 2 diabetes of both sexes and 15 patients with type 1 diabetes of both sexes. Each participant underwent both a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour dietary recall specially adapted for measuring CML intake, anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure and biochemical parameters in blood and urine. Results: Serum CML levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (p 0.04), showing a direct relationship between dietary intake and serum levels of CML in T2D patients (r 0.53 p 0.03). sCML levels correlated positively with length of diabetes mellitus, and inversely with body mass index (BMI). The most important dietary factor contributing to raise CML levels in these patients with diabetes was the consumption of milk powder. Conclusion: Serum levels of CML were found to be higher among diabetic subjects, associated to length of diabetes as expected, but also with the ingestion of foods containing higher amounts of ML. The consumption of milk powder in this group is a major determinant of increased serum levels.

N., Jara; M. J., Leal; D., Bunout; S., Hirsch; G., Barrera; L., Leiva; M. P., de la Maza.

1272-12-01

280

Estado nutricional e adequação da ingestão de energia e nutrientes em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca Estado nutricional y adecuación de la ingesta de energía y nutrientes en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca Nutritional status and adequacy of energy and nutrient intakes among heart failure patients  

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Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Maior conhecimento sobre o estado nutricional e a ingestão de energia e nutrientes é necessário para auxiliar no tratamento de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC. OBJETIVO: Verificar o estado nutricional e analisar a adequação da ingestão de energia, macro e micronutrientes de pacientes com IC em atendimento ambulatorial. MÉTODOS: Foram coletados dados antropométricos e de ingestão alimentar habitual de 125 pacientes (72% homens, 52,1±9,8 anos, IMC 26,9±4,4 kg/m². As variáveis antropométricas foram comparadas entre os sexos, e analisou-se a adequação da ingestão de energia e nutrientes perante as recomendações. RESULTADOS: Depleção ou risco de depleção das reservas musculares estava presente em 38,4% dos pacientes (associação com sexo masculino; p FUNDAMENTO: Para ayudar en el tratamiento de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC es necesario un mayor conocimiento sobre el estado nutricional y la ingesta de energía y nutrientes. OBJETIVO: Verificar el estado nutricional y analizar la adecuación de la ingesta de energía, macro y micronutrientes de pacientes con IC en atención ambulatoria. MÉTODOS: Se recolectaron datos antropométricos y de la ingesta alimentaria habitual de 125 pacientes (72% hombres, 52,1±9,8 años, IMC 26,9±4,4 kg/m². Se compararon las variables antropométricas de ambos sexos y se analizó la adecuación de la ingesta de energía y nutrientes frente a las recomendaciones. RESULTADOS: En el 38,4% de los pacientes (asociación con sexo masculino; p SUMMARY: Increased knowledge about nutritional status and energy and nutrient intakes is required to improve the treatment of patients with heart failure (HF. OBJECTIVES: To verify the nutritional status and evaluate the adequacy of energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes in patients with HF in outpatient clinical settings. METHODS: We collected anthropometric and habitual dietary intake data of 125 patients (72% men, 52.1 ± 9.8 years, BMI 26.9 ± 4.4 kg/m2. Anthropometric variables were compared between genders, and the adequacy of energy and nutrient intakes was analyzed according to current recommendations. RESULTS: Muscle depletion or risk of depletion was present in 38.4% of patients (association with male gender, p <0.0001. In 69.6% of cases the mean energy intake was lower than the one required (p <0.0001. Among the micronutrients evaluated in this study, there was an important prevalence of inadequacy in magnesium, zinc, iron and thiamine intakes, and most patients had calcium and potassium intakes below the adequate levels, and sodium intake above the adequate levels. CONCLUSIONS: Outpatients with HF showed muscle depletion, and inadequate energy and nutrient intakes. There was no significant association between habitual dietary energy intake and nutritional status. Multidisciplinary care should be encouraged to better assess the general condition of these patients.

Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço

2009-11-01

 
 
 
 
281

Impacto del acompañamiento familiar sobre la ingestión de alimentos y el estado depresivo en pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino hospitalizadas Impact of family support over food intake and depressive status in cervical cancer patients during hospitalization  

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Full Text Available Introducción: El cáncer cérvico uterino constituye un problema de salud pública en México; las pacientes sufren estrés físico y psicológico que conlleva a depresión y pérdida de peso. El comer acompañado tiene efectos positivos en la ingestión de alimentos y en el estado depresivo de pacientes hospitalizados. En nuestra sociedad, la comida es el medio más cercano que la familia tiene para ofrecer cuidados, afecto y ayuda a su ser querido que se manifiesta cada vez más inapetente conforme progresa la enfermedad. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la presencia familiar durante las comidas sobre el estado anímico, ingestión de alimentos, y cambio de peso durante la hospitalización. Metodología: Se estudiaron 106 mujeres que ingresaron a hospitalización del servicio de oncología del Hospital General de México, con diagnóstico de CaCu EC II y III a fin de mejorar condiciones. Se evaluó peso y talla, la dieta mediante recordatorios de 24 horas, al ingreso como al egreso y se aplicó la escala de depresión de Beck; se registró la frecuencia con la que los familiares acompañaron a la paciente durante las comidas. Resultados: Para su análisis se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo al acompañamiento familiar; se encontró que 43 pacientes (40,6% tenían compañía, y 63 pacientes (59,4% se encontraron sin compañía. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la edad, y días de estancia entre los grupos (p > 0,05. Las pacientes acompañadas, contaron con una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos durante su hospitalización (p Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer represents a public health problem in Mexico; the patients suffer physical and psychological stress leading to depression and weight loss. Eating with a relative has positive effects in food ingestion and depressive status in hospitalized patients. In our society, food is the closest way that family members have to bring care and to show affection to the patient that has less appetite as diseasegoes on. Objective: To establish the relationship between presence of the family during the meals and depresion, food intake, and weight variation during hospitalization. Methodology: 106 women admitted to the Oncology Department at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of CUCA clinical stage II and III were studied in order to improve their condition. Weight and height, diet by means of 24 hour recalls were assessed both at hospital admission and discharge, and Beck's depression inventory was applied; the frequency with which the relatives escorted the patient was recorded. Results: Patients were classified in two groups according to the frequency of family escorting; it was found that 43 patients (40.6% were accompanied, and 63 patients (59.4% were not. We did not find significant differences in age and days of hospital stay between the groups (p > 0.05. The escorted patients had more foods available during hospitalization (p < 0.05. Energy consumption (kcal in escorted patients was higher by 12.7% as compared to non-escorted patients. 76.7% of the escorted patients were depressed, as compared to 55% in the non-escorted group. Significant differences were found with regards to clinical status and presence of depression (p < 0.05 between the study groups. Conclusions: Family escorting does not have an influence on the amount of foods consumed during hospitalization or body weight variation; however, it does have an influence on the presence of depression.

M. Bejarano

2009-04-01

282

Evaluation of Nutrient Intake in Early Post Kidney Transplant Recipients  

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The purpose of our study was to evaluate the dietary intake of kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) and assess oral intake related nutrition problems. Fifty patients who had undergone kidney transplantation were included: 24 males, 26 females. The mean age was 46.8 ± 11.2 years, height was 161.3 ± 8.3 cm, and body weight was 60.5 ± 8.7 kg. We conducted nutrition education based on the diet guideline for KTRs (energy 32 kcal/kg of ideal body weight [IBW], protein 1.3 g/kg of IBW) and neutropenic diet guideline before discharge. Dietary intake of the patients at 1 month after transplantation was investigated by 3-day food records. Body weight and laboratory values for nutritional status and graft function were also collected. Body weight was significantly decreased from admission to discharge. Body weight from discharge to 1 month and 3 months after transplantation was increased but was not significant. Biochemical measurements were generally improved but the number of patients with hypophosphatemia increased. The daily dietary intake of energy and protein was adequate (33.1 kcal/kg, 1.5 g/kg, respectively). However, the dietary intake of calcium, folate, and vitamin C did not meet the Korean Recommended Nutrient Intake of vitamins and minerals (86.8%, 62.4%, and 88.0%, respectively). Patients with low intake of calcium, folate, and vitamin C presented low intake in milk and dairy products, vegetables, and fruits, and these foods were related to restricted food items in neutropenic diet. More attention should be paid on improving quality of diet, and reconsideration of present neutropenic diet guideline is necessary. These results can be used to establish evidence-based medical nutrition therapy guideline for KTRs. PMID:23429928

Rho, Mi Ra; Lim, Jeong Hyun; Park, Jung Hwa; Han, Seung Seok; Kim, Yon Su; Lee, Young Hee

2013-01-01

283

Influence of antecedent radionuclide intake upon assessment of subsequent intakes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The nature of NPP personnel's operation under conditions of chronic internal irradiation requires multiple measurements of the whole-body inhaled radionuclide contents. The decrease in the time span between two consequent measurements causes a substantial growth in the influence of the antecendent intakes on the evaluation of the intake between the two measurements. This influence has to be corrected since otherwise an overestimate of intakes will result, and thus an overestimate of internal radiation doses. A technique has been developed for correcting the influence of antecedent intakes upon the estimate of subsequent radionuclide inhalations. Based on this technique, a program in MathCAD environment was written, and is being applied for assessing intakes and doses from internal radiation exposure to Kozloduy NPP personnel. (author)

284

Decreased osteoprotegerin and increased bone turnover in young female patients with major depressive disorder and a lifetime history of anorexia nervosa.  

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Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a frequent, often persistent complication in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and anorexia nervosa (AN) that increases the risk of pathologic fractures. The pathogenetic process underlying osteopenia in MDD and AN is still unclear, although several factors, including a dysbalance of cytokines, are associated with loss of bone mass. Alterations in the serum levels of cytokines have been observed in patients with MDD, AN, and other psychiatric disorders. Therefore, we examined serum levels of cytokines, markers of bone turnover, and BMD in 13 patients with MDD and a lifetime history of AN. Bone turnover markers (osteocalcin and C-terminal degradation products of type I collagen) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in patients were significantly increased compared with those of the control group. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) in patients was significantly decreased. Eight of 13 patients (62%) displayed osteopenia at the lumbar spine. TNF-alpha correlated significantly with C-terminal degradation products of type I collagen, an osteoclastic marker, but significantly negatively with OPG. Our data suggest that TNF-alpha and OPG may play a role in the pathogenetic process underlying osteopenia in these patients. PMID:15300363

Kahl, Kai G; Rudolf, Sebastian; Dibbelt, Leif; Stoeckelhuber, Beate M; Gehl, Hans-Björn; Hohagen, Fritz; Schweiger, Ulrich

2005-04-01

285

Focal nodular hyperplasia-like lesions in patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein: prevalence, MR findings and natural history  

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To retrospectively investigate the prevalence, MR findings, natural history, and association with other hepatic lesions of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH)-like lesions in a cohort of consecutive patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV). This retrospective IRB-approved study comprised 58 patients (32 men, 26 women; average age, 50 years) with CTPV who underwent liver MR imaging between 2000 and 2008. MR images were assessed by two radiologists in consensus for the presence of (a) FNH-like lesions and other liver lesions, and (b) other imaging findings. Patients were assigned to a stable or progressive clinical course based on lesion characteristics at follow-up. Twelve of 58 patients (21%) had 38 FNH-like lesions (average size, 1.3 cm). Common findings of FNH-like lesions were isointensity on T2-weighted images (82%), intense and homogeneous enhancement during the arterial phase, and lack of washout during the hepatic venous and interstitial phases (100%). FNH-like lesions were found with other benign liver lesions (1 hemangioma, 1 adenoma) in two patients. Three (25%) patients with FNH-like lesions showed a progressive clinical course. FNH-like lesions are commonly detected in patients with CTPV. Most lesions demonstrate benign imaging findings and stable clinical course. (orig.)

286

Usual Intake of Refined grains  

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Usual Intake of Refined grains Table A19. Refined grains: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 3.5 (0.10) 1.7

287

Usual Intake of Soy products  

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Usual Intake of Soy products Table A30. Soy products: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.0 (0.00) 0.0

288

Factores asociados con la irregularidad de la ingesta de Dapsona en pacientes con lepra: Dapsona en pacientes con lepra / Associated factors with irregular intake of Dapsone in leprosy patients  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Conocer los factores asociados al cumplimiento del tratamiento en pacientes con lepra, es muy importante para prevenir la resistencia del Mycobacterium leprae y garantizar la cura bacteriológica de estas personas. La prueba de orina para Dapsona, presente en el régimen autoadministrado [...] , es un método sencillo para establecer la regularidad del tratamiento. Objetivo: Explorar los factores asociados a la irregularidad de la ingesta del tratamiento antileproso. Métodos: Estudio de corte transversal de los enfermos que recibieron tratamiento antileproso en un centro dermatológico. La irregularidad se estableció con la prueba de dapsonuria. Se consideró irregular el que presentó la prueba negativa. Las variables sospechosas de influir en la irregularidad se analizaron con regresión logística exacta. Resultados: En el modelo final del análisis multivariado se encontraron cinco variables asociadas, entre éstas sobresalen como factores de riesgo, la ausencia de discapacidad, OR 28.56 (IC90% 1.2-2.1) y la entrega de tratamiento para tiempos mayores a un mes, por cada mes OR 3.41 (IC90% 1.4-9.2) y como factor protector, la aceptación familiar de la enfermedad OR 0.008 (IC90% 0.001-0.24). Conclusión: Aunque es posible que el pequeño tamaño de muestra no haya permitido detectar algunos factores de riesgo informados en otras investigaciones, la mayoría de esos estudios no han realizado análisis multivariado por lo cual es posible que muchos de los factores informados en la literatura no tengan importancia. Salud UIS 2013; 45 (1): 7-14 Abstract in english Introducción: To know the associated factors in the treatment compliance of leprosy patients is very important to prevent the appearance of Mycobacterium leprae resistance and achieve the bacteriological cure of these persons. The urine test for Dapsone, present in the self administered regimens, is [...] a simple method to establish the regularity. Objective: To explore the factors associated with irregular intake of leprosy treatment. Methods: Cross sectional study of patients receiving leprosy treatment in a dermatology center. The irregularity was established with the dapsonuria test. It was considered irregular the patient with a negative dapsonuria test. Variables suspected of influencing the irregular intake were analyzed using exact logistic regression. Results: In the final multivariate model there were five associated variables, among which, the absence of disability OR 28.56( CI90% 1.2-2.1) and the provision of treatment for more than a month OR 3.41 (CI 90% 1.4-9.2) stand out as risk factors and as a protective factor, family acceptance of the disease OR 0.008 (CI 90% 0.001-0.24). Conclusion: Although it is possible that the small sample size did not allow to detect some risk factors reported in other investigations, most of those studies did not use a multivariate analysis, so it is possible too, that many of the factors reported in literature are irrelevant. Salud UIS 2013; 45 (1): 7-14

Luis Carlos, Orozco Vargas; Alexandra, García Rueda; Xiomara, Becerra; Efraín, Jaimes Moreno; Luz Dary, Sierra León.

2013-04-01

289

Comparison of thyroid examination, thyroid scanning and sonography in patients with previous history of radiotherapy of the head for Tinea Capitis  

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Introduction: In spite of large number of studies regarding relation between thyroid cancer and childhood irradiation, controversy still exists in management of these patients. This study tries to find optimal method of thyroid evaluation in this group. Methods and patients: In a recall program using mass media in Khorasan, all patients with childhood irradiation were invited for thyroid evaluation. One hundred and eighty patients with previous history of radiation for Tinea Capitis were studied using thyroid examination, thyroid sonography and thyroid scintigraphy. FNAB was performed in all patients with palpable nodules and surgery was recommended. Results: Eighty two cases out of 179 patients (45.8%) had nodules in thyroid examination. The number were 85 from 166 (51.2%) in sonography and 75 from 165 (45.5 %) in thyroid scintigraphy. Using chi-square tests, no significant difference was noted in detection of thyroid nodules in different methods (p=0.78) as well as between the methods (p>0.5). Sonographically detected nodules which were not palpated or were not seen in scintigraphy, were < 10 mm in size in most of cases. FNAB were performed in 60 patients which revealed benign pathology in 89.9 %, inadequated in 5 % and suspicious for malignancy in other 5 % of cases. Also 27 patients underwent surgery and pathological studies showed 3 cases (11.1 %) of papillary carcinoma. Conclusion: This study revealed that sonography detects small nonpalpable nodules which are nects small nonpalpable nodules which are not clinically significant. Very high correlation between the results of thyroid examination and thyroid scintigraphy indicates adequacy of thyroid examination in these patients. we suggest to follow these patients with physical examination and FNAB and use thyroid scanning or sonography in doubtful cases only

290

Comparison of Thyroid Examination, Thyroid Scanning and Sonography in Patients with Previous History of Radiotherapy of the Head for Tinea Capitis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: In spite of large number of studies regarding relation between thyroid cancer and childhood irradiation, contraversy still exists management of these patients. This study tries to find optimal method of thyroid evaluation in this group. Methods and patients: In a recall program using mass media in Khorasan, all patients with childhood irradiation were invited for thyroid evaluation. One hundred and eighty patients with previous history of radiation for Tinea Capitis were studied using thyroid examination, thyroid sonography and thyroid scintigraphy. FNAB was performed in all patients with palpable nodules and surgery was recommended. Results: Eighty two cases out of 179 patients (45.8% had nodules in thyroid examination. The number were 85 from 166 (51.2% in sonography and 75 from 165 (45.5% in thyroid scintigraphy. Using Chi-square tests, no significant difference was noted in detection of thyroid nodules in different methods (P=0.78 as well as between the methods (P>0.5. Sonographically detected nodules which were not palpated or were not seen in scintigraphy, were <10 mm in size in most of cases. FNAB were performed in 60 patients which revealed benign pathology in 89.9% inadequate in 5% and suspicious for malignancy in other 5% of cases. Also 27 patients underwent surgery and pathological studies showed 3 cases (11.1 % of papillary carcinoma. Conclution: This study revealed that sonography detects small nonpalpable nodules which are not clinically significant. Very high correlation between the results of thyroid examination and thyroid scintigraphy indicates adequacy of thyroid examination in these patients. We suggest to follow these patients with physical examination and FNAB and use thyroid scanning or sonography in doubtful cases only.

M Mehrabi Bahar

2002-07-01

291

Surgical outcomes and natural history of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations: a single-center series and meta-analysis of individual patient data.  

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Object Information pertaining to the natural history of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs) and patient outcomes after surgery is scarce. To evaluate factors associated with favorable outcomes for patients with surgically and conservatively managed ISCCMs, the authors performed a systematic review and metaanalysis of the literature. In addition, they included their single-center series of ISCCMs. Methods The authors searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Library for studies published through June 2013 that reported cases of ISCCMs. Data from all eligible studies were used to examine the epidemiology, clinical features, and neurological outcomes of patients with surgically managed and conservatively treated ISCCMs. To evaluate several variables as predictors of favorable neurological outcomes, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of individual patient data and performed univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Variables included patient age, patient sex, lesion spinal level, lesion size, cerebral cavernomas, family history of cavernous malformations, clinical course, presenting symptoms, treatment strategy (operative or conservative), symptom duration, surgical approach, spinal location, and extent of resection. In addition, they performed a meta-analysis to determine a pooled estimate of the annual hemorrhage rate of ISCCMs. Results Eligibility criteria were met by 40 studies, totaling 632 patients, including the authors' institutional series of 24 patients. Mean patient age was 39.1 years (range 2-80 years), and the male-to-female ratio was 1.1:1. Spinal levels of cavernomas were cervical (38%), cervicothoracic (2.4%), thoracic (55.2%), thoracolumbar (0.6%), lumbar (2.1%), and conus medullaris (1.7%). Average cavernoma size was 9.2 mm. Associated cerebral cavernomas occurred in 16.5% of patients, and a family history of cavernous malformation was found for 11.9% of evaluated patients. Clinical course was acute with stepwise progression for 45.4% of patients and slowly progressive for 54.6%. Symptoms were motor (60.5%), sensory (57.8%), pain (33.8%), bladder and/or bowel (23.6%), respiratory distress (0.5%), or absent (asymptomatic; 0.9%). The calculated pooled annual rate of hemorrhage was 2.1% (95% CI 1.3%-3.3%). Most (89.9%) patients underwent resection, and 10.1% underwent conservative management (observation). Outcomes were better for those who underwent resection than for those who underwent conservative management (OR 2.79, 95% CI 1.46-5.33, p = 0.002). A positive correlation with improved neurological outcomes was found for resection within 3 months of symptom onset (OR 2.11, 95% CI 1.31-3.41, p = 0.002), hemilaminectomy approach (OR 3.20, 95% CI 1.16-8.86, p = 0.03), and gross-total resection (OR 3.61, 95% CI 1.24-10.52, p = 0.02). Better outcomes were predicted by an acute clinical course (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.10-2.68, p = 0.02) and motor symptoms (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.08-2.86, p = 0.02); poor neurological recovery was predicted by sensory symptoms (OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.35-0.98, p = 0.04). Rates of neurological improvement after resection were no higher for patients with superficial ISCCMs than for those with deep-seated ISCCMs (OR 1.36, 95% CI 0.71-2.60, p = 0.36). Conclusions Intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations tend to be clinically progressive. The authors' findings support an operative management plan for patients with a symptomatic ISCCM. Surgical goals include gross-total resection through a more minimally invasive hemilaminectomy approach within 3 months of presentation. PMID:25062285

Badhiwala, Jetan H; Farrokhyar, Forough; Alhazzani, Waleed; Yarascavitch, Blake; Aref, Mohammed; Algird, Almunder; Murty, Naresh; Kachur, Edward; Cenic, Aleksa; Reddy, Kesava; Almenawer, Saleh A

2014-10-01

292

Aprendizaje de la historia clínica con pacientes simulados en el grado de Medicina Learning to take medical histories through patients simulation in undergraduate Medical School students  

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Full Text Available Objetivos. La utilización de la simulación es habitual en medicina para mejorar el conocimiento y habilidades de competencias. Se pueden utilizar pacientes virtuales, simuladores y pacientes simulados. Nosotros planteamos que alumnos de quinto y sexto curso actúen como pacientes simulados para que sus compañeros de primero aprendan la anamnesis de la historia clínica. Sujetos y métodos. Un total de 207 alumnos de primer curso de grado aprendieron a realizar la historia clínica en una sala de urgencias del centro de simulación entrevistando a pacientes simulados, que eran sus compañeros de quinto y sexto curso. Se evaluaron las historias clínicas realizadas, y para conocer el grado de satisfacción de los estudiantes se pidió que cumplimentasen un cuestionario anónimo tanto a los alumnos de primer curso como a los de cursos superiores. Resultados. La valoración de la calidad de las historias clínicas fue de 8,2 sobre 10. Esta metodología ha sido muy bien valorada. A la pregunta "¿el entrenamiento con pacientes simulados ayuda al aprendizaje para la realización de la historia clínica?", los alumnos de primero puntuaron 9, y los de quinto y sexto, 9,2. Al ítem "¿trabajar con pacientes simulados mejora sus habilidades de comunicación?", ambos grupos puntuaron 8,6. Y para "¿es adecuado el aprendizaje de la historia clínica mediante pacientes simulados previo a su aprendizaje con pacientes reales?", ambos grupos puntuaron 9,3. La valoración de la experiencia como paciente simulado fue de 9,3. Conclusión. El aprendizaje de la historia clínica en primer curso del grado de Medicina mediante pacientes simulados resulta beneficioso para los alumnos. Un contacto temprano con la clínica a partir del aprendizaje basado en la simulación podría mejorar la formación de los estudiantes.Aims. Simulation techniques are commonly used in medical education to improve the acquisition of knowledge, abilities and competencies. Several methods have been proposed: virtual patients, high fidelity devices and standard patients. We propose the use of 5th-6th year Medical School students acting as patients when teaching history taking to their 1st year colleagues. Subjects and methods. A total of 207 students from 1st year Medical School underwent training in history taking at the Simulation Center, with senior students acting as actors. The quality of the written medical records was evaluated by two medical doctors. The satisfaction of all students involved in the course was evaluated through an anonymous voluntary questionnaire. Results. The average score of the written medical histories was 8.2/10, more than satisfactory for our goals. Students' satisfaction rate was high. Mean score on questions inquiring the usefulness of patient simulation in learning how to perform a clinical history was 9/10 and 9.2/10 for first and fifth-sixth year students respectively. Questions on improvement of communication skills scored 8.6/10 and 8.6/10 respectively. The fruitfulness of training with simulated patients before practicing with real patients was 9.3/10 and 9.3/10 respectively. Finally, the assessment of the whole course with simulated patients was of 9.3/10. Conclusion. Learning history taking in first year Medical School with simulated patients acted by senior students was beneficial and user-friendly for both students and actors. An early contact with the clinical practice through simulated patients could improve performance and safety.

M. Cristina Rodríguez-Díez

2012-03-01

293

Aprendizaje de la historia clínica con pacientes simulados en el grado de Medicina / Learning to take medical histories through patients simulation in undergraduate Medical School students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos. La utilización de la simulación es habitual en medicina para mejorar el conocimiento y habilidades de competencias. Se pueden utilizar pacientes virtuales, simuladores y pacientes simulados. Nosotros planteamos que alumnos de quinto y sexto curso actúen como pacientes simulados para que s [...] us compañeros de primero aprendan la anamnesis de la historia clínica. Sujetos y métodos. Un total de 207 alumnos de primer curso de grado aprendieron a realizar la historia clínica en una sala de urgencias del centro de simulación entrevistando a pacientes simulados, que eran sus compañeros de quinto y sexto curso. Se evaluaron las historias clínicas realizadas, y para conocer el grado de satisfacción de los estudiantes se pidió que cumplimentasen un cuestionario anónimo tanto a los alumnos de primer curso como a los de cursos superiores. Resultados. La valoración de la calidad de las historias clínicas fue de 8,2 sobre 10. Esta metodología ha sido muy bien valorada. A la pregunta "¿el entrenamiento con pacientes simulados ayuda al aprendizaje para la realización de la historia clínica?", los alumnos de primero puntuaron 9, y los de quinto y sexto, 9,2. Al ítem "¿trabajar con pacientes simulados mejora sus habilidades de comunicación?", ambos grupos puntuaron 8,6. Y para "¿es adecuado el aprendizaje de la historia clínica mediante pacientes simulados previo a su aprendizaje con pacientes reales?", ambos grupos puntuaron 9,3. La valoración de la experiencia como paciente simulado fue de 9,3. Conclusión. El aprendizaje de la historia clínica en primer curso del grado de Medicina mediante pacientes simulados resulta beneficioso para los alumnos. Un contacto temprano con la clínica a partir del aprendizaje basado en la simulación podría mejorar la formación de los estudiantes. Abstract in english Aims. Simulation techniques are commonly used in medical education to improve the acquisition of knowledge, abilities and competencies. Several methods have been proposed: virtual patients, high fidelity devices and standard patients. We propose the use of 5th-6th year Medical School students acting [...] as patients when teaching history taking to their 1st year colleagues. Subjects and methods. A total of 207 students from 1st year Medical School underwent training in history taking at the Simulation Center, with senior students acting as actors. The quality of the written medical records was evaluated by two medical doctors. The satisfaction of all students involved in the course was evaluated through an anonymous voluntary questionnaire. Results. The average score of the written medical histories was 8.2/10, more than satisfactory for our goals. Students' satisfaction rate was high. Mean score on questions inquiring the usefulness of patient simulation in learning how to perform a clinical history was 9/10 and 9.2/10 for first and fifth-sixth year students respectively. Questions on improvement of communication skills scored 8.6/10 and 8.6/10 respectively. The fruitfulness of training with simulated patients before practicing with real patients was 9.3/10 and 9.3/10 respectively. Finally, the assessment of the whole course with simulated patients was of 9.3/10. Conclusion. Learning history taking in first year Medical School with simulated patients acted by senior students was beneficial and user-friendly for both students and actors. An early contact with the clinical practice through simulated patients could improve performance and safety.

M. Cristina, Rodríguez-Díez; Juan J., Beunza; Cristina, López-Del Burgo; Omar, Hyder; M. Pilar, Civeira-Murillo; Nieves, Díez.

2012-03-01

294

Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated / Estado nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com psoríase dos tipos sistêmica e artropática sistêmica associada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar de indivíduos com psoríase sistêmica e artropática associada. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa exploratória e transversal, na qual avaliaram-se 34 homens, de 19 a 60 anos, atendidos em um Centro de Psoríase, separando-os em Grupo PS (com psoríase sis [...] têmica) e Grupo PAS (com sistêmica mais artropática). A avaliação nutricional deu-se pelo emprego da antropometria; bioimpedância e plestimografia de corpo inteiro. Aspectos clínicos e nutricionais foram investigados pela anamnese clínica, nutricional e recordatório de 24 horas. Empregou-se o teste General Linear Model (p 25%) e com risco alto para complicações metabólicas segundo CC e índice de obesidade, sem diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O consumo alimentar médio de lipídio, calorias e proteína apresentou-se acima do recomendado, sendo 58,8% para os lípides (319,17 ± 241,02 mg de colesterol e 17,42 ± 11,4 g de ácidos graxos saturados); 29,4% para as calorias e 67,6% para as proteínas. Assim, independentemente do tipo de psoríase, encontrou-se consumo excessivo de calorias, lípides, colesterol e ácidos graxos, além de maior ocorrência de excesso de peso. CONCLUSÃO: A amostra apresentou estado nutricional comprometido, aumento do risco para doenças crônicas relacionadas à obesidade, agravamento das lesões e má qualidade de vida. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the nutritional status and food intake of individuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. METHODS: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center. Participants were divided into syste [...] mic psoriasis group and arthritic-systemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and whole-body plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics the general linear model test (p 25%) and a high risk for metabolic complications according to the waist circumference and the obesity index, however, there were no statistically significant differences between groups. The mean food intake, total fat, calories and protein were above recommended levels, being 58.8% for lipids (319.17 ± 241.02 mg of cholesterol and 17.42 ± 11.4 g saturated fatty acids); 29.4% for calories and 67.6% for proteins. Thus, regardless of the psoriasis type, an excessive consumption of calories, lipids, fatty acids, cholesterol and a higher incidence of overweight were found. CONCLUSION: The sample showed an abnormal nutritional condition, an increased risk for chronic diseases related to obesity, worsening of the psoriatic lesions, and poor quality of life.

Marina Yazigi, Solis; Nathalia Stefani de, Melo; Maria Elisa Moschetti, Macedo; Fabiana Prata, Carneiro; Cid Yazigi, Sabbag; Antonio Hebert, Lancha Junior; Vera Silvia, Frangella.

2012-03-01

295

Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated / Estado nutricional e consumo alimentar de pacientes com psoríase dos tipos sistêmica e artropática sistêmica associada  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Identificar o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar de indivíduos com psoríase sistêmica e artropática associada. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa exploratória e transversal, na qual avaliaram-se 34 homens, de 19 a 60 anos, atendidos em um Centro de Psoríase, separando-os em Grupo PS (com psoríase sis [...] têmica) e Grupo PAS (com sistêmica mais artropática). A avaliação nutricional deu-se pelo emprego da antropometria; bioimpedância e plestimografia de corpo inteiro. Aspectos clínicos e nutricionais foram investigados pela anamnese clínica, nutricional e recordatório de 24 horas. Empregou-se o teste General Linear Model (p 25%) e com risco alto para complicações metabólicas segundo CC e índice de obesidade, sem diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O consumo alimentar médio de lipídio, calorias e proteína apresentou-se acima do recomendado, sendo 58,8% para os lípides (319,17 ± 241,02 mg de colesterol e 17,42 ± 11,4 g de ácidos graxos saturados); 29,4% para as calorias e 67,6% para as proteínas. Assim, independentemente do tipo de psoríase, encontrou-se consumo excessivo de calorias, lípides, colesterol e ácidos graxos, além de maior ocorrência de excesso de peso. CONCLUSÃO: A amostra apresentou estado nutricional comprometido, aumento do risco para doenças crônicas relacionadas à obesidade, agravamento das lesões e má qualidade de vida. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify the nutritional status and food intake of individuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated. METHODS: This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center. Participants were divided into syste [...] mic psoriasis group and arthritic-systemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and whole-body plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics the general linear model test (p 25%) and a high risk for metabolic complications according to the waist circumference and the obesity index, however, there were no statistically significant differences between groups. The mean food intake, total fat, calories and protein were above recommended levels, being 58.8% for lipids (319.17 ± 241.02 mg of cholesterol and 17.42 ± 11.4 g saturated fatty acids); 29.4% for calories and 67.6% for proteins. Thus, regardless of the psoriasis type, an excessive consumption of calories, lipids, fatty acids, cholesterol and a higher incidence of overweight were found. CONCLUSION: The sample showed an abnormal nutritional condition, an increased risk for chronic diseases related to obesity, worsening of the psoriatic lesions, and poor quality of life.

Marina Yazigi, Solis; Nathalia Stefani de, Melo; Maria Elisa Moschetti, Macedo; Fabiana Prata, Carneiro; Cid Yazigi, Sabbag; Antonio Hebert, Lancha Junior; Vera Silvia, Frangella.

296

Impacto del acompañamiento familiar sobre la ingestión de alimentos y el estado depresivo en pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino hospitalizadas / Impact of family support over food intake and depressive status in cervical cancer patients during hospitalization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El cáncer cérvico uterino constituye un problema de salud pública en México; las pacientes sufren estrés físico y psicológico que conlleva a depresión y pérdida de peso. El comer acompañado tiene efectos positivos en la ingestión de alimentos y en el estado depresivo de pacientes hospi [...] talizados. En nuestra sociedad, la comida es el medio más cercano que la familia tiene para ofrecer cuidados, afecto y ayuda a su ser querido que se manifiesta cada vez más inapetente conforme progresa la enfermedad. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la presencia familiar durante las comidas sobre el estado anímico, ingestión de alimentos, y cambio de peso durante la hospitalización. Metodología: Se estudiaron 106 mujeres que ingresaron a hospitalización del servicio de oncología del Hospital General de México, con diagnóstico de CaCu EC II y III a fin de mejorar condiciones. Se evaluó peso y talla, la dieta mediante recordatorios de 24 horas, al ingreso como al egreso y se aplicó la escala de depresión de Beck; se registró la frecuencia con la que los familiares acompañaron a la paciente durante las comidas. Resultados: Para su análisis se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo al acompañamiento familiar; se encontró que 43 pacientes (40,6%) tenían compañía, y 63 pacientes (59,4%) se encontraron sin compañía. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la edad, y días de estancia entre los grupos (p > 0,05). Las pacientes acompañadas, contaron con una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos durante su hospitalización (p Abstract in english Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer represents a public health problem in Mexico; the patients suffer physical and psychological stress leading to depression and weight loss. Eating with a relative has positive effects in food ingestion and depressive status in hospitalized patients. In our societ [...] y, food is the closest way that family members have to bring care and to show affection to the patient that has less appetite as diseasegoes on. Objective: To establish the relationship between presence of the family during the meals and depresion, food intake, and weight variation during hospitalization. Methodology: 106 women admitted to the Oncology Department at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of CUCA clinical stage II and III were studied in order to improve their condition. Weight and height, diet by means of 24 hour recalls were assessed both at hospital admission and discharge, and Beck's depression inventory was applied; the frequency with which the relatives escorted the patient was recorded. Results: Patients were classified in two groups according to the frequency of family escorting; it was found that 43 patients (40.6%) were accompanied, and 63 patients (59.4%) were not. We did not find significant differences in age and days of hospital stay between the groups (p > 0.05). The escorted patients had more foods available during hospitalization (p

M., Bejarano; V., Fuchs; N., Fernández; O., Amancio.

2009-04-01

297

Impacto del acompañamiento familiar sobre la ingestión de alimentos y el estado depresivo en pacientes con cáncer cervicouterino hospitalizadas / Impact of family support over food intake and depressive status in cervical cancer patients during hospitalization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El cáncer cérvico uterino constituye un problema de salud pública en México; las pacientes sufren estrés físico y psicológico que conlleva a depresión y pérdida de peso. El comer acompañado tiene efectos positivos en la ingestión de alimentos y en el estado depresivo de pacientes hospi [...] talizados. En nuestra sociedad, la comida es el medio más cercano que la familia tiene para ofrecer cuidados, afecto y ayuda a su ser querido que se manifiesta cada vez más inapetente conforme progresa la enfermedad. Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la presencia familiar durante las comidas sobre el estado anímico, ingestión de alimentos, y cambio de peso durante la hospitalización. Metodología: Se estudiaron 106 mujeres que ingresaron a hospitalización del servicio de oncología del Hospital General de México, con diagnóstico de CaCu EC II y III a fin de mejorar condiciones. Se evaluó peso y talla, la dieta mediante recordatorios de 24 horas, al ingreso como al egreso y se aplicó la escala de depresión de Beck; se registró la frecuencia con la que los familiares acompañaron a la paciente durante las comidas. Resultados: Para su análisis se clasificaron en dos grupos de acuerdo al acompañamiento familiar; se encontró que 43 pacientes (40,6%) tenían compañía, y 63 pacientes (59,4%) se encontraron sin compañía. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la edad, y días de estancia entre los grupos (p > 0,05). Las pacientes acompañadas, contaron con una mayor disponibilidad de alimentos durante su hospitalización (p Abstract in english Introduction: Uterine cervical cancer represents a public health problem in Mexico; the patients suffer physical and psychological stress leading to depression and weight loss. Eating with a relative has positive effects in food ingestion and depressive status in hospitalized patients. In our societ [...] y, food is the closest way that family members have to bring care and to show affection to the patient that has less appetite as diseasegoes on. Objective: To establish the relationship between presence of the family during the meals and depresion, food intake, and weight variation during hospitalization. Methodology: 106 women admitted to the Oncology Department at the General Hospital of Mexico with a diagnosis of CUCA clinical stage II and III were studied in order to improve their condition. Weight and height, diet by means of 24 hour recalls were assessed both at hospital admission and discharge, and Beck's depression inventory was applied; the frequency with which the relatives escorted the patient was recorded. Results: Patients were classified in two groups according to the frequency of family escorting; it was found that 43 patients (40.6%) were accompanied, and 63 patients (59.4%) were not. We did not find significant differences in age and days of hospital stay between the groups (p > 0.05). The escorted patients had more foods available during hospitalization (p

M., Bejarano; V., Fuchs; N., Fernández; O., Amancio.

298

Prevalência de adenomas colorretais em pacientes com história familiar para câncer colorretal / Prevalence of colorectal adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O câncer colorretal (CCR) é uma doença comum e letal, influenciada por fatores genéticos e ambientais, e pela interação entre ambos. Seu risco está fortemente associado ao número e à idade dos parentes de primeiro grau com história de CCR. O objetivo foi estudar a prevalência de adenomas em paciente [...] s com história familiar de câncer colorretal. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo, tendo como alvo todos os pacientes submetidos à colonoscopia em um hospital de referência da cidade de Porto Alegre, entre 2003 e 2007. Resultados: Dos 2.462 pacientes estudados, 118 apresentaram história familiar para CCR e 2.344 não apresentaram. Nos dois grupos, houve predomínio do sexo feminino (P=0,001). Nos pacientes com adenomas e história familiar para CCR, houve predomínio do sexo feminino. Já nos pacientes com adenomas e sem história familiar, o sexo masculino foi mais frequente (P=0,032). O número de adenomas entre eles não foi estatisticamente significativo (P=0,187). Conclusão: O grupo com história familiar para CCR mostrou mais mulheres (P=0,001) e a idade também foi inferior (P=0,002). A comparação entre o grupo com adenomas e história familiar para CCR mostrou um número maior de mulheres que o grupo com adenomas sem história familiar para CCR (P=0,032). Abstract in english Colorectal cancer is a common and lethal disease, influenced by genetic and environmental factors and the interaction between both. The risk of colorectal cancer is strongly associated with the number and age of first degree relatives with colorectal cancer. Methods: A retrospective study was perfor [...] med having as its objective all the patients submitted to colonoscopy in a reference hospital in the city of Porto Alegre, between 2003 and 2007. The goal is to study the prevalence of adenomas in patients with family history of colorectal cancer. Results: From the 2,462 analyzed patients, 118 had family history for colorectal cancer and 2,344 did not have. In both groups there was predominance of females (P=0.001). In the patients with adenomas and family history of colorectal cancer, there was predominance of females. In the patients with no family history of colorectal cancer there was predominance of males (P=0.032). The number of adenomas between them was not statistically significant (P=0.187). Conclusion: The group with family history of colorectal cancer has shown more women (P=0.001) and the age was also lower (P=0.002). The comparison between the group with adenomas and family history for colorectal cancer has shown a bigger number of women than the group with adenomas with no family history for colorectal cancer (P=0.032).

Bianca, Zandoná; Luciano Pinto de, Carvalho; Julia, Schimedt; Daniela Cerqueira, Koppe; Ruy Takashi, Koshimizu; Afonso Calil Mury, Mallmann.

299

Comprehensive allergy work-up is mandatory in cystic fibrosis patients who report a history suggestive of drug allergy to beta-lactam antibiotics  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the general population, reports on suspected ß-lactam hypersensitivity are common. After a drug allergy work-up at best 20% of the selected patients are positive. However, these considerations have not been explored in cystic fibrosis patients for whom antibiotics are even more crucial. Methods The study, part of the Drug Allergy and Hypersensitivity (DAHD cohort, was performed in the regional cystic fibrosis center of Montpellier, France. After identifying patients with a clinical history suggestive of drug allergy to ß-lactams, a complete drug allergy work-up, was carried out according to the EAACI recommendations. Results Among the 171 patients involved, 23 reported clinical manifestations potentially compatible with a drug allergy to ß-lactams. After performing the complete drug-allergy work-up, 7 were considered as drug hypersensitive (3 had positive skin tests, 1 a positive provocation test, 3 declined the tests. Excluding the latter 3 patients with incomplete drug allergy work-up, the rate of proven drug allergy was 2.3%. Conclusions Drug allergy to ß-lactams in cystic fibrosis patients is of importance. A full drug allergy work-up is mandatory in case of suspicion, because ß-lactam responsibility is often ruled out.

Caimmi Silvia

2012-06-01

300

Seasonality, Smoking and History of Poor Treatment Compliance are Strong Predictors of Dropout in a Naturalistic 6 Year Follow-Up of Bipolar Patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bipolar disorder is a highly recurrent disease which requires long-term treatment. Dropout is a major problem, poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to know the risk of dropout of a cohort of bipolar patients under ambulatory treatment and to identify the clinical profile of patients more likely to abandon the follow-up. A sample of 285 BD I and II patients was followed up for a mean of 2.87 years. A significant proportion of patients failed regular follow-up. The dropout rates were 6.3 % at three months, 12.7 % at 6 months, and 17.6, 27.2, 37.3, 44.0, 47.2 and 49.0 % at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 years respectively. Very few variables at baseline predicted dropout. Patients under 35 years of age were more likely to dropout than older cases. Seasonality, smoking and specially history of poor treatment compliance were strong predictors of dropout. Given the magnitude of dropout, additional early clinical interventions should be considered for high-risk patients. PMID:24986371

Ezquiaga, Elena; García-López, Aurelio; de Dios, Consuelo; Agud, Jose Luis; Albillo, David; Vega-Piris, Lorena

2014-12-01

 
 
 
 
301

Pregnancy after treatment with hydroxyurea in a patient with primary thrombocythaemia and a history of recurrent abortion.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 28 year old patient with primary thrombocythaemia, who had had two stillbirths in the third trimester, is reported. She was successfully treated with hydroxyurea and delivered a healthy 6lb boy by elective caesarean section. The ease with which this treatment can be given, its high level of tolerance among patients, and its low cost are likely to increase its use as a safe and effective treatment in pregnant patients with primary thrombocythaemia.

Cinkotai, K. I.; Wood, P.; Donnai, P.; Kendra, J.

1994-01-01

302

Pregnancy after treatment with hydroxyurea in a patient with primary thrombocythaemia and a history of recurrent abortion.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 28 year old patient with primary thrombocythaemia, who had had two stillbirths in the third trimester, is reported. She was successfully treated with hydroxyurea and delivered a healthy 6lb boy by elective caesarean section. The ease with which this treatment can be given, its high level of tolerance among patients, and its low cost are likely to increase its use as a safe and effective treatment in pregnant patients with primary thrombocythaemia. PMID:7962638

Cinkotai, K I; Wood, P; Donnai, P; Kendra, J

1994-01-01

303

Successful Management of Total Knee Replacement in a High Responder Hemophilia Patient With a History of Inhibitor  

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The development of inhibitors against administered clotting factors may render replacement therapy ineffective for some hemophilia patients. Such patients are therefore at the highest risk of developing arthropathy. Elective orthopedic surgery (EOS) in hemophilic patients having such inhibitors remains a rare, expensive, and difficult surgery, whose management represents a significant challenge. We report the case of a 35-year-old man with a severe form of hemophilia A (factor VIII < 1%), who...

Dolatkhah, Roya; Bazavar, Mohammad Reza; Poureisa, Masoud; Asvadi Kermani, Iraj; Vaez Gharamaleki, Jalil; Sanaat, Zohreh; Eivazi Ziaei, Jamal; Nikanfar, Alireza; Esfahani, Ali; Chavoshi, Seyed Hadi

2013-01-01

304

Intake of dairy products in relation to periodontitis in older danish adults  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) was classified into four groups: milk, cheese, fermented foods and other foods. Periodontitis was defined as the number of teeth with attachment loss =3 mm. Intakes of total dairy calcium (Incidence-rate ratio (IRR) = 0.97; p = 0.021), calcium from milk (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.025) and fermented foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.03) were inversely and significantly associated with periodontitis after adjustment for age, gender, education, sucrose intake, alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, vitamin D intake, heart disease, visits to the dentist, use of dental floss and bleeding on probing, but non-dairy calcium, calcium from cheese and other types of dairy food intakes were not. Total dairy foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.003), milk (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.028) and fermented foods intakes (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.029) were associated with reduced risk of periodontitis, but cheese and other dairy foods intakes were not. These results suggest that dairy calcium, particularly from milk and fermented products, may protect against periodontitis. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

Adegboye, Amanda R A; Christensen, Lisa B

2012-01-01

305

Intake of Dairy Products in Relation to Periodontitis in Older Danish Adults  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This cross-sectional study investigates whether calcium intakes from dairy and non-dairy sources, and absolute intakes of various dairy products, are associated with periodontitis. The calcium intake (mg/day) of 135 older Danish adults was estimated by a diet history interview and divided into dairy and non-dairy calcium. Dairy food intake (g/day) was classified into four groups: milk, cheese, fermented foods and other foods. Periodontitis was defined as the number of teeth with attachment loss >= 3 mm. Intakes of total dairy calcium (Incidence-rate ratio (IRR) = 0.97; p = 0.021), calcium from milk (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.025) and fermented foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.03) were inversely and significantly associated with periodontitis after adjustment for age, gender, education, sucrose intake, alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity, vitamin D intake, heart disease, visits to the dentist, use of dental floss and bleeding on probing, but non-dairy calcium, calcium from cheese and other types of dairy food intakes were not. Total dairy foods (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.003), milk (IRR = 0.96; p = 0.028) and fermented foods intakes (IRR = 0.97; p = 0.029) were associated with reduced risk of periodontitis, but cheese and other dairy foods intakes were not. These results suggest that dairy calcium, particularly from milk and fermented products, may protect against periodontitis. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

Adegboye, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim; Christensen, L. B.

2012-01-01

306

Successful use of fondaparinux early after mechanical aortic valve replacement in a patient with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thromboembolic complications such as systemic embolization and valve thrombosis are a major concern early after mechanical valve replacement; however, the benefit of anticoagulation must be weighed against the risk of early postoperative bleeding complications. Thromboembolic risk is also higher in the early postoperative period (less than 6 mo) compared with the risk in the late postoperative period. Current evidence supports the use of unfractionated heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin early after valve replacement to prevent valve thrombosis or systemic embolization but provides no recommendations for the management of patients with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), in which heparin products are contraindicated. We describe the use of fondaparinux early after aortic mechanical valve replacement in a 63-year-old, 95-kg woman with a history of HIT. Fondaparinux was initiated on postoperative day 2 at a prophylactic dose of 2.5 mg subcutaneously daily; the dose was increased to a therapeutic weight-based dose of 7.5 mg subcutaneously daily on postoperative day 3. Warfarin was initiated on postoperative day 1, and fondaparinux was continued until a therapeutic international normalized ratio was achieved. The patient was discharged from the hospital receiving warfarin alone on postoperative day 6. No signs or symptoms of thrombosis or bleeding were noted during or after fondaparinux therapy or at hospital follow-up visits. To our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe the use of fondaparinux within the first 48 hours after mechanical valve replacement in a patient with a history of HIT. This case suggests that fondaparinux may be a safe and effective option to prevent thromboembolic complications early after mechanical valve replacement when heparin products are contraindicated. PMID:24644124

Willenborg, Katie L

2014-06-01

307

Long-term nutritional assessment of patients with severe short bowel syndrome managed with home enteral nutrition and oral intake Evaluación nutricional a largo plazo de pacientes con grave síndrome de intestino corto controlada con nutrición enteral e ingestión oral  

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Full Text Available Background: Parenteral nutrition (PN is used to control the nutritional state after severe intestinal resections. Whenever possible, enteral nutrition (EN is used to promote intestinal rehabilitation and reduce PN dependency. Our aim is to verify whether EN + oral intake (OI in severe short bowel syndrome (SBS surgical adult patients can maintain adequate nutritional status in the long term. Methods: This longitudinal retrospective study included 10 patients followed for 7 post-operative years. Body mass index (BMI, percentage of involuntary loss of usual body weight (UWL, free fat mass (FFM, and fat mass (FM composition assessed by bioelectric impedance, and laboratory tests were evaluated at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, and 84 months after surgery. Energy and protein offered in HPN and at long term by HEN+ oral intake (OI, was evaluated at the same periods. The statistical model of generalized estimating equations with p Antecedentes: La nutrición parenteral (NP se emplea para controlar el estado nutricional después de resecciones intestinales extensas. Siempre que sea posible, se empleará la nutrición enteral (NE para favorecer la rehabilitación intestinal y reducir la dependencia de la NP. Nuestro propósito fue verificar si la NE + ingesta oral (IO en el síndrome del intestino corto (SIC grave en pacientes adultos quirúrgicos puede mantener un estado nutricional adecuado a largo plazo. Métodos: Este estudio longitudinal retrospectivo incluyó 10 pacientes seguidos durante 7 años tras la intervención quirúrgica. Se evaluaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC, el porcentaje de pérdida involuntaria del peso corporal habitual (PCH, la masa grasa libre (MGL y la composición de la masa grasa (MG mediante impedancia bioeléctrica, así como los datos de laboratorio a los 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 y 84 meses tras la cirugía. Se evaluaron en los mismos periodos la energía y las proteínas aportadas con la NPD y a largo plazo con la NED + ingesta oral (IO. Se utilizó un modelo estadístico de ecuaciones estimativas generalizadas con una p < 0,05. Resultados: Con la NE + IO a largo plazo hubo un aumento progresivo del PCH, una descenso del IMC, la MGL y la MG (p < 0,05. La retirada de la NP fue posible en ocho pacientes. La complicación más frecuente fue la infección por contaminación del catéter venoso central (CVC (1,2 episodios CVC/paciente/año. Hubo un aumento en el consumo de energía y proteínas proporcionadas por la NED + IO (p < 0,05. Todos los pacientes sobrevivieron al menos dos años, siete durante 5 años y seis durante los 7 años de seguimiento. Conclusiones: los pacientes adultos con SIC quirúrgico nutridos a largo plazo con NED + IO no pudieron mantener un adecuado estado nutricional con una pérdida de MG y de MGL.

V. Chaer Borges

2011-08-01

308

Increased brain amyloid deposition in patients with a lifetime history of major depression: evidenced on 18F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) positron emission tomography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The literature suggests that a history of depression is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to examine brain amyloid accumulation in patients with lifetime major depression using 18F-florbetapir (AV-45/Amyvid) PET imaging in comparison with that in nondepressed subjects. The study groups comprised 25 depressed patients and 11 comparison subjects who did not meet the diagnostic criteria for AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Vascular risk factors, homocysteine and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype were also examined. The standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) of each volume of interest was analysed using whole the cerebellum as the reference region. Patients with a lifetime history of major depression had higher 18F-florbetapir SUVRs in the precuneus (1.06 ± 0.08 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, p = 0.045) and parietal region (1.05 ± 0.08 vs. 0.98 ± 0.07, p = 0.038) than the comparison subjects. Voxel-wise analysis revealed a significantly increased SUVR in depressed patients in the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital areas (p 18F-florbetapir SUVRs and prior depression episodes, age at onset of depression, or time since onset of first depression. Increased 18F-florbetapir binding values were found in patients with late-life major depression relative to comparison subjects in specific brain regions, despite no differences in age, sex, education, Mini Mental Status Examination score, vascular risk factor score, homocysteine and ApoE ?4 genotype between the two groups. A longitudinal follow-up study with a large sample size would be worthwhile. (orig.)

309

Use of bivalirudin to prevent thrombosis following orthotopic liver transplantation in a patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome and a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Type II heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune-mediated syndrome that may arise in a time-dependent manner following heparin therapy, placing patients at significant risk for thromboembolic events. Therapy includes anticoagulation with a direct thrombin inhibitor and avoidance of heparin. We report a patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome and a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia who presented for orthotopic liver transplant and required postoperative anticoagulation with bivalirudin. During the post-transplant graft function improvement, we observed a significant dose-effect alteration manifested by an increased bivalirudin dose requirement as factor V activity increased. This observation is an important consideration in the attempt to maintain an optimal balance between effective anticoagulation and a reduced risk of postoperative bleeding. PMID:18715858

Anderegg, Brent A; Baillie, G Mark; Uber, Walter E; Chavin, Kenneth D; Lin, Angello; Baliga, Prabhakar K; Lazarchick, John

2008-01-01

310

Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the jejunum presenting as obscure gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with a history of gliosarcoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Small bowel malignant tumors are rare and sarcomatoid carcinomas have rarely been reported at this site. We report a 56-year-old woman, with history of an excised gliosarcoma, who presented with recurrent obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. She underwent endoscopy and colonoscopy, which failed to identify the cause of the bleeding. The abdominal computed tomography scan located a tumor in the small bowel. Pathology revealed a jejunal sarcomatoid carcinoma. She developed tumor recurrence and multiple liver metastases shortly after surgery. Immunohistochemistry is required for accurate diagnosis. Sarcomatoid carcinoma is a rare cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, which is associated with a poor prognosis. PMID:24759341

Alfonso Puentes, Nidia; Jimenez-Alfaro Larrazabal, Carmen; García Higuera, Maria Isabel

2014-05-01

311

Renal transplantation in dialysis patients with the history of coronary artery bypass grafting and cardiac valve replacement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Death with a functioning kidney is the most frequent cause of graft failure. Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of death after renal transplantation. Therefore, prior to grafting, it is mandatory to diagnose and treat coronary artery disease and heart valve impairment. Transplantation is the best option for renal replacement therapy as far as the quality of life and life expectancy are concerned, although patients with such comorbidities may experience a higher short-term mortality risk. The objective for this study was to analyze both short- and long-term results of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or cardiac valve replacement (CVR). The cardiac surgery recipient group (CSR) included 16 patients (15 men, 1 woman) aged from 44 to 73 (mean 54.9 +/- 7.8) years. CABG was performed in 13/16 patients, and CVR in 3/16. The rest of our patients were treated as a comparative noncardiac surgery recipient (non-CSR) group. It consisted of 422 patients (264 men, 158 women) aged from 14 to 68 years (mean 43.2 +/- 12.9). The comparison revealed that graft function estimated at 1 year after transplantation was not different: serum creatinine concentrations of 1.7 +/- 0.2 and 1.6 +/- 0.5 mg/dL in CSR and non-CSR, respectively. One-year patient survival in the CVR group of 93.8% was slightly worse than that in the non-CSR group (97.9%), but death-censored 1-year graft survivals were comparable in both groups (93.8% vs 92%). Urinary tract and cytomegalovirus infections were the most common complications in the CSR group. One patient lost his graft in month 3(rd) due to many serious infectious complications. One patient died at the end of 12 months as a result of a cardiovascular event (1/16). Our single-center results confirm that transplantation in patients after CABG or CVR is a safe procedure; therefore, such patients should be referred into the waiting list. PMID:17275472

Debska-Slizie?, A; Lizakowski, S; Wo?yniec, W; Giergielewicz, B; Zadrozny, D; Milecka, A; Moszkowska, G; Dudziak, M; Rogowski, J; Sledzi?ski, Z; Rutkowski, B

2007-01-01

312

Seroprevalance of the Hepatitis B and C in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease without History of Renal Replacement Therapy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B (HBV and hepatitis C (HCV viruses are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD. There is insufficient data on seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in CKD patients without renal replacement therapy (RRT.MATERIAL and METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having CKD without RRT were analyzed. Seven hundred and eighty cases included study.RESULTS: The seroprevalence of HbsAg and Anti-HCV were 3.5% and 1.3%, respectively. The seroprevalence of Anti-HBsAb analyzed in 456 (58.4% patients was 39.3%. The seroprevalence of HBsAg and Anti-HCV did not differ between the patients in early stage (stage 3 and advanced stage CKD (Stage 4 and 5 (p=0.26 and p=0.88, respectively. Seropositivity of Anti-HBsAb was 41.9% in early stage and 33.6% in advanced stage CKD (p=0.88. No difference was detected in seroprevalence of HbsAg and Anti-HCV when patients were grouped regarding the underlying disorders of CKD (p=0.95 and p=0.25, respectively.CONCLUSION: Higher seroprevalence of Anti-HCV in hemodialysis patients, according to studies carried out in our country, may be secondary to the exposure to HCV during hemodialysis procedure. High seropositivity of Anti-HBsAb in early stage CKD, although not statistically significant, may point out the necessity of hepatitis B immunization earlier in the course of CKD. Screening the patients with CKD without RRT for HBsAg and Anti-HCV serologies would be applicable although there is no established consensus in guidelines.

Pi?kinpa?a, Serhan

2013-05-01

313

Seroprevalance of the Hepatitis B and C in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease without History of Renal Replacement Therapy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B (HBV and hepatitis C (HCV viruses are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD. There is insufficient data on seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in CKD patients without renal replacement therapy (RRT. MATERIAL and METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having CKD without RRT were analyzed. Seven hundred and eighty cases included study. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of HbsAg and Anti-HCV were 3.5% and 1.3%, respectively. The seroprevalence of Anti-HBsAb analyzed in 456 (58.4% patients was 39.3%. The seroprevalence of HBsAg and Anti-HCV did not differ between the patients in early stage (stage 3 and advanced stage CKD (Stage 4 and 5 (p=0.26 and p=0.88, respectively. Seropositivity of Anti-HBsAb was 41.9% in early stage and 33.6% in advanced stage CKD (p=0.88. No difference was detected in seroprevalence of HbsAg and Anti-HCV when patients were grouped regarding the underlying disorders of CKD (p=0.95 and p=0.25, respectively. CONCLUSION: Higher seroprevalence of Anti-HCV in hemodialysis patients, according to studies carried out in our country, may be secondary to the exposure to HCV during hemodialysis procedure. High seropositivity of Anti-HBsAb in early stage CKD, although not statistically significant, may point out the necessity of hepatitis B immunization earlier in the course of CKD. Screening the patients with CKD without RRT for HBsAg and Anti-HCV serologies would be applicable although there is no established consensus in guidelines.

Serhan P??K?NPA?A

2013-05-01

314

Asymptomatic cerebrovascular lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus lacking a history of neuropsychiatric events  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To clarify the extent of asymptomatic cerebrovascular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and ultrasonography findings of 100 patients with SLE lacking present or past clinical neurologic deficits were compared with 66 age-matched volunteers to determine the combined intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery, and tests for anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL). Thirty-eight patients, but only 2 controls, showed imaging abnormalities. Among 23 SLE patients with cerebrovascular lesions by MRI who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 14 showed hypoperfusion of the lesion. The IMT value and prevalence of aCL did not differ between the 55 SLE patients tested and controls. SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) as assessed by a quantitative clinical index was significantly greater in patients with brain lesions than in those without. The prevalence of asymptomatic brain lesions in SLE patients is high, and shows a relationship to disease activity. (author)

Nomura, Kumiko; Yamano, Shigeru; Ikeda, Yukiko [Nara Medical Univ., Kashihara (Japan)] (and others)

1999-10-01

315

Asymptomatic cerebrovascular lesions detected by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus lacking a history of neuropsychiatric events  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To clarify the extent of asymptomatic cerebrovascular involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and ultrasonography findings of 100 patients with SLE lacking present or past clinical neurologic deficits were compared with 66 age-matched volunteers to determine the combined intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery, and tests for anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL). Thirty-eight patients, but only 2 controls, showed imaging abnormalities. Among 23 SLE patients with cerebrovascular lesions by MRI who underwent single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), 14 showed hypoperfusion of the lesion. The IMT value and prevalence of aCL did not differ between the 55 SLE patients tested and controls. SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) as assessed by a quantitative clinical index was significantly greater in patients with brain lesions than in those without. The prevalence of asymptomatic brain lesions in SLE patients is high, and shows a relationship to disease activity. (author)

316

Evaluation of an intake of plutonium 238: A case history  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In July 1991 a plutonium worker at the Savannah River Site (SRS) was exposed to airborne plutonium-238 from a contaminated shipping container. She was chelated with Zn-DTPA shortly after the incident and placed on a special bioassay program. Based on early urinary and fecal excretion, an initial dose estimate of 1525 mrem committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE) was reported 20 days later. As additional bioassay data were collected the dose was revised to 1840 mrem CEDE on day 88 and to 3660 mrem CEDE on day 245. This last estimate was officially reported to the Department of Energy (DOE). The urinary excretion data and expectation curve for the model are shown. Only the data to the left of the first vertical line (3/92 Evaluation) were available at the time of the initial dose estimate

317

Fiber Intake and Childhood Appendicitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents of 135 children with appendicitis and of 212 comparison children were interviewed about their children's diet. Results suggest that a liberal intake of whole-grain breads and cereals may decrease the risk of appendicitis during childhood. (KH)

Brender, Jean D.; And Others

1985-01-01

318

Radioactive iodine intake through foodstuff  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The transition of radioactive iodine to human bodies is affected by the amount of coexisting stable iodine. The intake of stable iodine through foodstuffs was studied from the stand point of I) discussion of the literature which states the approximate amounts of stable iodine contained in environmental materials, and II) the authors' research on the consumption of foodstuffs. For example, the amounts of iodine intake of fishermen living in Kuji-cho (Ibaragi Prefecture) was estimated from I and II, and was revealed as 2704p. The national average iodine intake was about 800p indicating that the former estimated value was remarkably high. Eighty Four per cent of the 2.7 mg iodine intake was taken from marine products, indicating that marine products are important sources of iodine supply. (Tsukamoto, Y.)