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Adhesives for orthodontic bracket bonding  

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Full Text Available The advent of acid etching, introduced by Buonocore in 1955, brought the possibility of bonding between the bracket base and enamel, contributing to more esthetic and conservative orthodontics. This direct bracket bonding technique has brought benefits such as reduced cost and time in performing the treatment, as well as making it easier to perform oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to conduct a survey of published studies on orthodontic bracket bonding to dental enamel. It was verified that resin composites and glass ionomer are the most studied and researched materials for this purpose. Resin-modified glass ionomer, with its biocompatibility, capacity of releasing fluoride and no need for acid etching on the tooth structure, has become increasingly popular among dentists. However, due to the esthetic and mechanical properties of light polymerizable resin composite, it continues to be one of the adhesives of choice in the bracket bonding technique and its use is widely disseminated.

Déborah Daniella Diniz Fonseca

2010-04-01

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Three-dimensional deformation of orthodontic brackets  

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Braces are used by orthodontists to correct the misalignment of teeth in the mouth. Archwire rotation is a particular procedure used to correct tooth inclination. Wire rotation can result in deformation to the orthodontic brackets, and an orthodontic torque simulator has been designed to examine this wire–bracket interaction. An optical technique has been employed to measure the deformation due to size and geometric constraints of the orthodontic brackets. Images of orthodontic brackets are...

2013-01-01

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21 CFR 872.5470 - Orthodontic plastic bracket.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Orthodontic plastic bracket. 872.5470 Section 872.5470 Food...Devices § 872.5470 Orthodontic plastic bracket. (a) Identification. An orthodontic plastic bracket is a plastic device intended to be...

2010-04-01

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Effect of bonding material, etching time and silane on the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to ceramic.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to feldspathic ceramic with different etching times, bonding materials and with or without silane application. Cylinders of feldspathic ceramic were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 or 60 s. For each etching time, half of the cylinders received two layers of silane. Metallic brackets were bonded to the cylinders using Transbond XT (3M Unitek) or Fuji Ortho LC (GC). Light-activation was carried out with total exposure time of 40 s using UltraLume 5. Shear bond strength testing was performed after 24 h storage. Data were submitted to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). The adhesive remnant index (ARI) was used to evaluate the amount of adhesive remaining on the ceramic surface at ×8 magnification. Specimens etched for 60 s had significantly higher bond strength compared with 20 s. The application of silane was efficient in increasing the shear bond strength between ceramic and both fixed materials. Transbond XT showed significantly higher (p<0.05) bond strength than Fuji Orth LC. There was a predominance of ARI score 0 (clean ceramic failure surface) for all groups, with an increase in scores 1, 2 and 3 (adhesive material increasingly present on ceramic failure aspect) for the 60-s etching time. In conclusion, 60-s etching time, silane and Transbond XT improved significantly the shear bond strength of brackets to ceramic. PMID:22814690

Costa, Ana Rosa; Correr, Américo Bortolazzo; Puppin-Rontani, Regina Maria; Vedovello, Silvia Amélia; Valdrighi, Heloísa Cristina; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço; Vedovello Filho, Mário

2012-01-01

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Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with glass ionomer cement  

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Introduction. A great number of techniques have been used for bonding orthodontic brackets to the tooth surfaces. Glass ionomer cements are frequently used material for this purpose. The aim of this study was to measure the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with glass ionomer cement Ortho Fuji LC and remained adhesive on the enamel surface after brackets debonding. Material and methods. A total of 40 extracted premolars for orthodontic reasons in different gender patients, 10...

Miti? Vladimir

2009-01-01

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The effect of chemical recycling on shear bond strength of orthodontic metal brackets  

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Background and Aim: Recycling of brackets can significantly reduce the price of fixed orthodontic appliances but if the bond is more prone to failure during treatment, this potential benefit will disappear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chemical recycling on bond strength of metal orthodontic brackets and failure pattern of recycled brackets. Material and Methods: In this experimental study Instron machine was used to measure shear bond strength (SBS) of brackets in t...

2006-01-01

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Effect of recycling process on metal ion release from orthodontic brackets at different periods  

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"nBackground and Aims: Considering the application of recycled metallic brackets in orthodontic treatments and probably more resultant metal ion release, which can cause cytotoxic side effects, this study was set up to assess the effect of recycling process of orthodontic brackets on metal ion release."nMaterials and Methods: In this experimental study, 80 Discovery direct bond brackets (Dentarum, Germany) were divided into 2 groups, new and recycled brackets (n = 40), then each gro...

2011-01-01

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Soportes de autoligado en ortodoncia / Orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: el sistema de ligado del arco al soporte debe ser seguro, fuerte, rápido, confortable para el paciente, fácil de usar y producir poca fricción. Objetivo: argumentar el manejo de las técnicas fijas con el uso de los soportes de autoligado. Conclusiones: los soportes de autoligado constitu [...] yen una opción novedosa en ortodoncia, pero en Cuba se han utilizado poco. Se clasifican en pasivos y activos. El sistema Damon, Vision LP y Time son los más utilizados entre los pasivos y el Speed e In Ovation entre los activos. Se describen cuatro fases de tratamiento para usar la técnica con este tipo de soportes y a pesar de su alto costo, es más ventajosa que las técnicas precedentes. Abstract in english Background: the system bound to the orthodontic bracket arch must be safe, strong, rapid and comfortable for the patient, easy to use and must provoke little friction. Objective: to argue about the management of fixed techniques with the use of brackets. Conclusions: brackets constitute a newfangled [...] option in orthodontics, but in Cuba it has been rarely used. They are classified into passive and active. Damon system, Vision LP and Time are the mostly used among the passive ones and the Speed and In Ovation among the active ones. Four phases of treatment are described to use the technique of these orthodontic brackets and in spite of its high cost; it is more advantageous than the previous techniques.

Pérez García, Lizandro Michel; Reytor Saavedra, Eduardo.

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Retrieval analysis of different orthodontic brackets: the applicability of electron microprobe techniques for determining material heterogeneities and corrosive potential  

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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability of micro-analytical methods with high spatial resolution to the characterization of the composition and corrosion behavior of two bracket systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The surfaces of six nickel-free brackets and six nickel-containing brackets were examined for signs of corrosion and qualitative surface analysis using an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA), prior to bonding to patient's tooth surfaces and four months...

Alexandra Ioana Holst; Stefan Holst; Ursula Hirschfelder; Volker Von Seckendorff

2012-01-01

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The influence of size and structure of metal orthodontic bracket base on bond strength on tooth enamel  

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Introduction. The factors which may influence the bond strength of the applied orthodontic brackets on the tooth surface are the size and structure of the bracket base. Objective. The aim of the paper was to investigate the influence of size and shape of different types of brackets on bond strength on the enamel and analyze the remaining quality of adhesive material on the tooth surface after debonding of orthodontic brackets (adhesive remnant index - ARI). Methods. In this study, three types...

2009-01-01

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Retrieval analysis of different orthodontic brackets: the applicability of electron microprobe techniques for determining material heterogeneities and corrosive potential  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the applicability of micro-analytical methods with high spatial resolution to the characterization of the composition and corrosion behavior of two bracket systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The surfaces of six nickel-free brackets and six nickel-containing brackets were examined for signs of corrosion and qualitative surface analysis using an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA, prior to bonding to patient's tooth surfaces and four months after clinical use. The surfaces were characterized qualitatively by secondary electron (SE images and back scattered electron (BSE images in both compositional and topographical mode. Qualitative and quantitative wavelength-dispersive analyses were performed for different elements, and by utilizing qualitative analysis the relative concentration of selected elements was mapped two-dimensionally. The absolute concentration of the elements was determined in specially prepared brackets by quantitative analysis using pure element standards for calibration and calculating correction-factors (ZAF. RESULTS: Clear differences were observed between the different bracket types. The nickel-containing stainless steel brackets consist of two separate pieces joined by a brazing alloy. Compositional analysis revealed two different alloy compositions, and reaction zones on both sides of the brazing alloy. The nickel-free bracket was a single piece with only slight variation in element concentration, but had a significantly rougher surface. After clinical use, no corrosive phenomena were detectable with the methods applied. Traces of intraoral wear at the contact areas between the bracket slot and the arch wire were verified. CONCLUSION: Electron probe microanalysis is a valuable tool for the characterization of element distribution and quantitative analysis for corrosion studies.

Alexandra Ioana Holst

2012-08-01

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Galvanic corrosion between orthodontic wires and brackets in fluoride mouthwashes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this investigation was to determine the influence of fluoride in certain mouthwashes on the risk of corrosion through galvanic coupling of orthodontic wires and brackets. Two titanium alloy wires, nickel-titanium (NiTi) and copper-nickel-titanium (CuNiTi), and the three most commonly used brackets, titanium (Ti), iron-chromium-nickel (FeCrNi) and cobalt-chromium (CoCr), were tested in a reference solution of Fusayama-Meyer artificial saliva and in two commercially available fluoride (250 ppm) mouthwashes, Elmex and Meridol. Corrosion resistance was assessed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-MS), analysis of released metal ions, and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) study of the metal surfaces after immersion of different wire-bracket pairs in the test solutions. The study was completed by an electrochemical analysis. Meridol mouthwash, which contains stannous fluoride, was the solution in which the NiTi wires coupled with the different brackets showed the highest corrosion risk, while in Elmex mouthwash, which contains sodium fluoride, the CuNiTi wires presented the highest corrosion risk. Such corrosion has two consequences: deterioration in mechanical performance of the wire-bracket system, which would negatively affect the final aesthetic result, and the risk of local allergic reactions caused by released Ni ions. The results suggest that mouthwashes should be prescribed according to the orthodontic materials used. A new type of mouthwash for use during orthodontic therapy could be an interesting development in this field. PMID:16428255

Schiff, Nicolas; Boinet, Mickaël; Morgon, Laurent; Lissac, Michèle; Dalard, Francis; Grosgogeat, Brigitte

2006-06-01

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Effect of bonding material, etching time and silane on the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to ceramic  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar a resistência de união de bráquetes a cerâmica feldspática com diferentes tempos de condicionamento ácido, materiais de união, com ou sem aplicação do silano. Cilindros de cerâmica feldspática foram condicionados com ácido fluorídrico 10% por 20 ou 60 s. Para cada [...] tempo de condicionamento, metade dos cilindros recebeu duas camadas de silano. Bráquetes metálicos foram fixados aos cilindros utilizando Transbond XT (3M Unitek) ou Fuji Ortho LC (GC). A fotoativação foi realizada com tempo de exposição total de 40 s utilizando LED UltraLume 5. O ensaio de resistência ao cisalhamento foi realizado após 24 h de armazenagem. Os dados foram submetidos à Análise de Variância a três fatores e teste de Tukey (?=0,05). O Índice de Remanescente Adesivo (IRA) foi utilizado para avaliar a quantidade de adesivo remanescente na superfície cerâmica com magnificação de 8×. Os espécimes condicionados por 60 s apresentaram maior resistência de união comparado com 20 s. A aplicação do silano foi efetiva no aumento da resistência de união ao cisalhamento de bráquetes com a cerâmica para ambos os materiais. O Transbond XT mostrou resistência de união significativamente maior que Fuji Orth LC. O IRA mostrou predominância de escore 0 (ausência de resina na superfície cerâmica) para todos os grupos, com aumento de escores 1, 2 e 3 (aumento da presença de resina na superfície cerâmica) para o tempo de condicionamento de 60 s. Em conclusão, o tempo de condicionamento de 60 s, aplicação de silano e resina Transbond XT melhoraram significativamente a resistência de união ao cisalhamento de bráquetes a cerâmica feldspática. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of metallic orthodontic brackets to feldspathic ceramic with different etching times, bonding materials and with or without silane application. Cylinders of feldspathic ceramic were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 20 or 60 s. For each [...] etching time, half of the cylinders received two layers of silane. Metallic brackets were bonded to the cylinders using Transbond XT (3M Unitek) or Fuji Ortho LC (GC). Light-activation was carried out with total exposure time of 40 s using UltraLume 5. Shear bond strength testing was performed after 24 h storage. Data were submitted to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). The adhesive remnant index (ARI) was used to evaluate the amount of adhesive remaining on the ceramic surface at ×8 magnification. Specimens etched for 60 s had significantly higher bond strength compared with 20 s. The application of silane was efficient in increasing the shear bond strength between ceramic and both fixed materials. Transbond XT showed significantly higher (p

Ana Rosa, Costa; Américo Bortolazzo, Correr; Regina Maria, Puppin-Rontani; Silvia Amélia, Vedovello; Heloísa Cristina, Valdrighi; Lourenço, Correr-Sobrinho; Mário, Vedovello Filho.

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Physical and chemical properties of orthodontic brackets after 12 and 24 months: in situ study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: The aim of this article was to assess how intraoral biodegradation influenced the surface characteristics and friction levels of metallic brackets used during 12 and 24 months of orthodontic treatment and also to compare the static friction generated in these brackets with four different [...] methods of the ligation of orthodontic wires. Material and Methods: Seventy premolar brackets as received from the manufacturer and 224 brackets that were used in previous orthodontic treatments were evaluated in this experiment. The surface morphology and the composition of the deposits found in the brackets were evaluated with rugosimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Friction was analyzed by applying tensile tests simulating sliding mechanics with a 0.019x0.025" steel wire. The static friction levels produced by the following ligation methods were evaluated: loosely attached steel ligature around all four bracket wings, steel ligature attached to only two wings, conventional elastomeric ligation around all 4 bracket wings, and non-conventional Slide® elastomeric ligature. Results: The results demonstrated the presence of biodegradation effects such as corrosion pits, plastic deformation, cracks, and material deposits. The main chemical elements found on these deposits were Carbon and Oxygen. The maximum friction produced by each ligation method changed according to the time of intraoral use. The steel ligature loosely attached to all four bracket wings produced the lowest friction levels in the new brackets. The conventional elastic ligatures generated the highest friction levels. The metallic brackets underwent significant degradation during orthodontic treatment, showing an increase in surface roughness and the deposit of chemical elements on the surface. Conclusion: The levels of static friction decreased with use. The non-conventional elastic ligatures were the best alternative to reduce friction.

Bernardo de Azevedo Bahia, MENDES; Ricardo Alberto Neto, FERREIRA; Matheus Melo, PITHON; Martinho Campolina Rebello, HORTA; Dauro Douglas, OLIVEIRA.

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Effect of recycling process on metal ion release from orthodontic brackets at different periods  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Considering the application of recycled metallic brackets in orthodontic treatments and probably more resultant metal ion release, which can cause cytotoxic side effects, this study was set up to assess the effect of recycling process of orthodontic brackets on metal ion release."nMaterials and Methods: In this experimental study, 80 Discovery direct bond brackets (Dentarum, Germany were divided into 2 groups, new and recycled brackets (n = 40, then each group was divided into two subgroups (one-week and 6-months subgroups (n=20. The specimens were maintained in buffered solution of NaNHNo3"n(pH=7 at 37°C in an incubator. After periods of one week and 6 months immersion, 0.5 mL of each solution was analyzed by spectrophotometry for the quantity of released Nickel (Ni, Chromium (Cr, and Cobalt (Co ions. The data were analyzed using two way ANOVA analysis."nResults: After one week, the quantity of Ni, Cr, and Co ions released from new brackets were 0.65, 1.4, and 0.75 (ppb, respectively. The values for recycled brackets were 142, 2.61, and, 1.43 (ppb. These findings indicated significant difference between two groups (P<0.001. After six months, the quantity of Ni, Cr, and Co ions released from new brackets were 1200, 3.4, and 2.4 (ppb and from recycled brackets were 2330, 6.9, and 10.8 (ppb, which showed significant difference between two groups (P<0.001."nConclusion: Application of recycled brackets in long fixed orthodontic treatments can lead to metal ion release, specifically Nickel. Thus, the use of recycled brackets in long orthodontic treatments is not recommended.

Shariati M

2011-04-01

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Assessing near infrared optical properties of ceramic orthodontic brackets using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography.  

Science.gov (United States)

Secondary decay (caries) under ceramic orthodontic brackets remains a significant dental problem and near infrared cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) has the potential to detect underlying demineralization. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of crystalline structure and chemical composition of ceramic brackets on CP-OCT imaging. Four ceramic brackets types, which were divided into monocrystalline and polycrystalline, were examined using CP-OCT. The results of this study demonstrated that the crystallinity of the ceramic brackets affected the 1310 nm CP-OCT imaging with the greatest attenuation seen in polycrystalline alumina brackets. The alumina polycrystalline bracket materials had significantly higher attenuation and scattering than alumina monocrystalline brackets (p?bracket base morphology and composition affected NIR light attenuation. There was considerable attenuation in bracket bases that contained additive zirconium spheres (?30 µm) and this alteration was significantly greater than the jagged alumina crystallographic alterations found in the other bracket systems (p?brackets; however, further investigation into the optical effects of resin integration in the base portion of the brackets is warranted. PMID:24106170

Isfeld, Darren M; Aparicio, Conrado; Jones, Robert S

2014-04-01

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Design of an Orthodontic Torque Simulator for Measurement of Bracket Deformation  

Science.gov (United States)

The design and testing of an orthodontic torque simulator that reproduces the effect of archwire rotation on orthodontic brackets is described. This unique device is capable of simultaneously measuring the deformation and loads applied to an orthodontic bracket due to archwire rotation. Archwire rotation is used by orthodontists to correct the inclination of teeth within the mouth. This orthodontic torque simulator will provide knowledge of the deformation and loads applied to orthodontic bracket that will aide clinicians by describing the effect of archwire rotation on brackets. This will also impact that design on new archwirebracket systems by providing an assessment of performance. Deformation of the orthodontic bracket tie wings is measured using a digital image correlation process to measure elastic and plastic deformation. The magnitude of force and moments applied to the bracket though the archwire is also measured using a six-axis load cell. Initial tests have been performed on two orthodontic brackets of varying geometry to demonstrate the measurement capability of the orthodontic torque simulator. The demonstration experiment shows that a Damon Q bracket had a final plastic deformation after a single loading of 0.022 mm while the Speed bracket deformed 0.071 mm. This indicates that the Speed bracket plastically deforms 3.2 times more than the Damon Q bracket for similar magnitude of applied moment. The demonstration experiment demonstrates that bracket geometry affect the deformation of orthodontic brackets and this difference can be detected using the orthodontic torque simulator.

Melenka, G. W.; Nobes, D. S.; Major, P. W.; Carey, J. P.

2013-12-01

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[Biomechanical analysis of orthodontic brackets with different closing mechanisms].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the present study was to investigate the biomechanical characteristics of orthodontic bracket systems made of metal, ceramics or plastics. Six different types of brackets were studied, including the Hanson Speed- and Damon 2-Brackets, both of which are equipped with specialised closing mechanisms. In addition, two conventional metal brackets (Ultratrimm), Discovery, the ceramics bracket Fascination 2 and the polycarbonate bracket Brillant were investigated. Stainless steel wires with the dimensions 0.40 mmx0.56 mm, 0.46 mmx0.56 mm, 0.46 mmx0.64 mm and 0.48 mmx0.64 mm were used with each bracket type simulating the clinical rotational movement of an upper central incisor in a biomechanical set-up. A buccal crown torque of 20 degrees was applied and the correction of the malposition was simulated experimentally. Each bracket/wire combination was analysed five times. The following parameters were analysed: maximum torquing moment, torque angle correction, and moment/torque ratio. Combining a 0.48 mmx0.64 mm steel wire with the ceramics brackets (Fascination 2) delivered the highest torquing moment (35 Nmm). The best torque correction was achieved with plastic brackets (17 degrees ). The lowest moments were approximately 5.2 Nmm (Damon) 2, 0.40 mmx0.56 mm steel wire), being in the range of the recommended minimum torquing moment (5 Nmm). Discovery brackets delivered similar low moments. Overall, only minor differences exist between the various bracket systems with regard to their efficiency in torque correction. Clinically, the wire/slot play seems to be more important than differences in the bracket designs. PMID:19335123

Morina, Enver; Keilig, Ludger; Jäger, Andreas; Bourauel, Christoph

2009-04-01

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The effect of chemical recycling on shear bond strength of orthodontic metal brackets  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Recycling of brackets can significantly reduce the price of fixed orthodontic appliances but if the bond is more prone to failure during treatment, this potential benefit will disappear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chemical recycling on bond strength of metal orthodontic brackets and failure pattern of recycled brackets. Material and Methods: In this experimental study Instron machine was used to measure shear bond strength (SBS of brackets in two stages on 60 human maxillary first premolars using No-Mix composite. Shear bond strength and pattern of failure were compared between recycled and new brackets in two stages. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Duncan tests. Adhesive Remnant Index was evaluated in different groups by Pearson Chi-square test. P<0.05 was considered as the limit of significance. Results: Statistical analysis showed that the mean values of SBS for new bracket group was 12.00 MPa and for recycled group and double recycled group, 9.94Mpa and 10.00 MPa respectively. A significant reduction (about 18% in bond strengths of brackets was observed at the first time of recycling. Recycling at the second time had no significant influence on the bond strength. Pattern of bond failure of these brackets showed that a great amount of residual adhesive material was remained on the teeth surfaces after debonding of recycled brackets which indicates that cleaning the teeth surfaces after debonding of recycled brackets is more time consuming. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, before using recycled brackets, several advantages and disadvantages must be considered.

Heravi F

2006-01-01

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Elemental composition of brazing alloys in metallic orthodontic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess the elemental composition of the brazing alloy of representative orthodontic brackets. The brackets examined were Gemini (3M, Unitec, Monrovia, Calif), MicroLoc (GAC, Bohemia, NY), OptiMESHxrt (Ormco, Glendora, Calif), and Ultratrim (Dentarum, Ispringen, Germany). Four metallic brackets for each brand were embedded in epoxy resin and after metallographic grinding and polishing were cleaned in a water ultrasonic bath. Scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis (EDS) were used to assess the quantitative composition of the brazing alloy. Four EDS spectra were collected for each brazing alloy, and the mean value and standard deviation for the concentration of each element were calculated. The elemental composition of the brazing alloys was determined as follows (percent weight): Gemini: Ni = 83.98 +/- 1.02, Si = 6.46 +/- 0.37, Fe = 5.90 +/- 0.93, Cr = 3.52 +/- 0.34; MicroLoc: Ag = 42.82 +/- 0.18, Au = 32.14 +/- 0.65, Cu = 24.53 +/- 0.26, Mg = 1.12 +/- 0.33; OptiMESHxrt: Au = 67.79 +/- 0.97, Fe = 15.69 +/- 0.29, Ni = 13.01 +/- 0.93, Cr = 4.01 +/- 0.35; Ultratrim: Ag = 87.97 +/- 0.33, Cu = 10.51 +/- 0.45, Mg = 1.29 +/- 0.63, Zn = 1.13 +/- 0.24. The findings of this study showed that different brazing materials were used for the different brands, and thus different performances are expected during intraoral exposure; potential effects on the biological properties also are discussed. PMID:15264653

Zinelis, Spiros; Annousaki, Olga; Eliades, Theodore; Makou, Margarita

2004-06-01

 
 
 
 
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A method for producing controlled fluoride release from an orthodontic bracket.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to manufacture and test, in vitro, a novel modification to provide fluoride-releasing orthodontic brackets. Thirty-two orthodontic brackets were drilled to produce a recess (approximately 1.3 mm in diameter and 0.7 mm in depth) at the centre of the bracket base. Four materials, with and without the addition of sodium fluoride, a glass ionomer cement (Ketac Cem micro), a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC; GC Fuji Ortho LC), a zinc phosphate (Zinc Cement Improved), and a resin (Transbond XT) were used to fill the recess in the bracket base. Fluoride release was measured daily during the first week and then weekly for 10 weeks. An ion chromatograph with suppressed conductivity was used for free fluoride ion determination. Statistical analysis to determine the amount of flouride release was undertaken using analysis of variance and Tukey's test. During the first 2 weeks, the resin group, with the addition of 38 per cent sodium fluoride added, released significantly more free fluoride (P < 0.05), but after 2 weeks the fluoride release markedly decreased. After 5 weeks, the RMGIC group, with 15 per cent added sodium fluoride, had significantly higher (P < 0.05) daily fluoride release than the other groups. The findings demonstrated that an appropriate fluoridated material can be used as a fluoride-releasing reservoir in a modified orthodontic bracket to enable it to release fluoride over the period of fixed appliance treatment. PMID:17804428

Li, Song; Hobson, Ross S; Bai, Yuxing; Yan, Zhuoqun; Carrick, Thomas E; McCabe, John F

2007-12-01

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The influence of size and structure of metal orthodontic bracket base on bond strength on tooth enamel  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. The factors which may influence the bond strength of the applied orthodontic brackets on the tooth surface are the size and structure of the bracket base. Objective. The aim of the paper was to investigate the influence of size and shape of different types of brackets on bond strength on the enamel and analyze the remaining quality of adhesive material on the tooth surface after debonding of orthodontic brackets (adhesive remnant index - ARI. Methods. In this study, three types of metal brackets of different sizes and shapes of Dentaurum manufacturer were used (Utratrimm, Equilibrium 2, Discovery, Dentaurum, Inspringen, Germany. The brackets were applied onto the middle part of the anatomic crowns of buccal surfaces of 30 premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons. In addition, the pre-treatment of teeth by 37% orthophosphoric acid and adhesive material System1+ (Dentaurum, Germany were used. Results. The mean value of the bonded brackets bond strength of Discovery type after debonding was 8.67±0.32 MPa, while the value of the bonded brackets bond strength of Equilibrium 2 type amounted to 8.62±0.22 MPa. The value of the bonded brackets bond strength of Ultratrimm type after debonding was 8.22±0.49 MPa. There were no statistical differences in the values of bond strength regarding all three groups of the investigated orthodontic brackets (F=4.56; p<0.05. Conclusion. The base size and design of metal orthodontic brackets did not play a significant role in bond strength, while the values of ARI index were identical in all three investigated groups.

Miti? Vladimir

2009-01-01

23

Effect of Lactic Acid Etching on Bonding Effectiveness of Orthodontic Bracket after Water Storage  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective. To determine the effect of lactic acid at various concentrations on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with the resin adhesive system before and after water storage. Materials and Methods. Hundred extracted human premolars were divided into 5 treatment groups and etched for 30 seconds with one of the following agents: lactic acid solution with (A) 10%, (B) 20%, (C) 30%, and (D) 50%; group E, 37% phosphoric acid (control). Metal brackets were bonded using a Transbond XT. Bonding effectiveness was assessed by shear bond strength after 24 hours and 6 months of water storage at 37°C. The data were analyzed with 2-way analysis of variance and Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) test (? = .001). Results. Lactic acid concentration and water storage resulted in significant differences for brackets bond strength (P brackets.

Alsulaimani, Fahad F.

2014-01-01

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Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Bonded with Nano-filled Composites  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS of orthodontic brackets bonded with two types of nano-composites in comparison to a conventional orthodontic composite. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted human first premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups each containing 20 teeth. In group I, a conventional orthodontic composite (Transbond XT was used to bond the brackets, while two nano-composites (Filtek TM Supreme XT and AELITE Aesthetic Enamel were used in groups II and III respectively. The teeth were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours, thermocycled in distilled water and debonded with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. The adhesive remnant index (ARI was also evaluated using a stereomicroscope. Results: AELITE Aesthetic Enamel nano-composite revealed a SBS value of 8.44±2.09 MPa, which was higher than Transbond XT (6.91± 2.13 and Filtek TM Supreme XT (6.04± 2.01. Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference between groups II and III (P 0.05. Evaluation of ARI showed that Transbond XT left fewer adhesive remains on teeth after debonding. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that the aforementioned nano-composites can be successfully used for bonding orthodontic brackets.

Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi

2013-01-01

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Orthodontic Bracket Manufacturing Tolerances and Dimensional Differences between Select Self-Ligating Brackets  

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In all manufacturing processes there are tolerances; however, orthodontic bracket manufacturers seldom state the slot dimensional tolerances. This experiment develops a novel method of analyzing slot profile dimensions using photographs of the slot. Five points are selected along each wall, and lines are fitted to define a trapezoidal slot shape. This investigation measures slot height at the slot's top and bottom, angles between walls, slot taper, and the linearity of each wall. Slot dimens...

2010-01-01

26

Orthodontic Bracket Manufacturing Tolerances and Dimensional Differences between Select Self-Ligating Brackets  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In all manufacturing processes there are tolerances; however, orthodontic bracket manufacturers seldom state the slot dimensional tolerances. This experiment develops a novel method of analyzing slot profile dimensions using photographs of the slot. Five points are selected along each wall, and lines are fitted to define a trapezoidal slot shape. This investigation measures slot height at the slot's top and bottom, angles between walls, slot taper, and the linearity of each wall. Slot dim...

2010-01-01

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The effect of phosphoric acid application time on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatment intervals (15, 30 and 45 s of 37% phosphoric acid on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Materials and Methods: Seventy extracted premolars, glass ionomer cement Ortho Fuji LC (GC Inc., Tokyo, Japan and a conventional self-curing adhesive, System 1+ (Dentaurum, Inspringen, Germany were used. Results: The obtained results suggested that the strongest bond was accomplished after enamel conditioning for 30 s and the weakest after 45 s treatment. Conclusion: The phosphoric acid application time has an effect on the quality and strength of the enamel - bracket bond.

Miti? Vladimir

2008-01-01

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The effect of phosphoric acid application time on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatment intervals (15, 30 and 45 s) of 37% phosphoric acid on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Materials and Methods: Seventy extracted premolars, glass ionomer cement Ortho Fuji LC (GC Inc., Tokyo, Japan) and a conventional self-curing adhesive, System 1+ (Dentaurum, Inspringen, Germany) were used. Results: The obtained results suggested that the strongest bond was accomplished after enamel conditioning fo...

Miti? Vladimir; Janoševi? Mirjana

2008-01-01

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Rebonding of unused brackets with different orthodontic adhesives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To compare in vitro shear bond strength (SBS) of different orthodontic adhesives in bonding and repeatedly rebonding metal brackets, and to evaluate the bond failure site with the adhesive remnant index (ARI). METHODS: Specimens consisted of 90 extracted human first premolars, randomly divided into three groups (n=30). The adhesives Alpha Plast (AP), ConciseTM (CO) and TransbondTM XT (TB) were used in each group. Three SBS tests were performed, i.e., one at T0 (initial) and the oth...

Emigdio Enrique Orellana Jimenez; Sérgio Paulo Hilgenberg; Márcia Cristina Rastelli; Gibson Luiz Pilatti; Bruno Orellana; Ulisses Coelho

2012-01-01

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The use of single step adhesives in bonding orthodontic brackets.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Previous studies have suggested that the new single-step adhesive systems used in operative dentistry and can bond to both enamel and dentin, require a shorter application time while maintaining adequate bond strength. In orthodontics, several repetitions of the bonding procedure are necessary, therefore, adhesive systems requiring less time for application are of particular interest. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of incorporating single step adhesives to a traditional bonding system, on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Sixty recently extracted human teeth were divided into three equal groups. Group I (control: brackets were bonded with the Transbond XT adhesive system (3M/Unitek following the manufacturer's instructions; Group II: Single Bond (3M adhesive was applied to the tooth surface and Transbond XT adhesive paste was used to bond the brackets; Group III: Optibond Solo (Kerr Co. adhesive was applied to the enamel surface and Transbond XT adhesive was used to bond the brackets. Teeth were stored in deionized water at 37oC for 24 hours. A Zwick Universal Testing Machine was used to measure shear bond strength. The shear bond strengths for the three groups tested were; Group ?: 11.8+4.6 Mpa; Group ??: 12.5+3.9 Mpa; and Group ???: 9.7+4.3 Mpa. Analysis of Variance (F=2.37 indicated that there were no significant differences (p>0.05 in the bond strengths among the three groups. In conclusion, the use of single step adhesives to replace the sealant did not significantly affect the shear bond strength of the adhesive system.

L. Von Wald

1999-01-01

31

Orthodontic Bracket Manufacturing Tolerances and Dimensional Differences between Select Self-Ligating Brackets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In all manufacturing processes there are tolerances; however, orthodontic bracket manufacturers seldom state the slot dimensional tolerances. This experiment develops a novel method of analyzing slot profile dimensions using photographs of the slot. Five points are selected along each wall, and lines are fitted to define a trapezoidal slot shape. This investigation measures slot height at the slot's top and bottom, angles between walls, slot taper, and the linearity of each wall. Slot dimensions for 30 upper right central incisor self-ligating stainless steel brackets from three manufacturers were evaluated. Speed brackets have a slot height 2% smaller than the nominal 0.559?mm size and have a slightly convergent taper. In-Ovation brackets have a divergent taper at an average angle of 1.47 degrees. In-Ovation is closest to the nominal value of slot height at the slot base and has the smallest manufacturing tolerances. Damon Q brackets are the most rectangular in shape, with nearly 90-degree corners between the slot bottom and walls. Damon slot height is on average 3% oversized.

Thomas W. Major

2010-01-01

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Orthodontic Bracket Manufacturing Tolerances and Dimensional Differences between Select Self-Ligating Brackets  

Science.gov (United States)

In all manufacturing processes there are tolerances; however, orthodontic bracket manufacturers seldom state the slot dimensional tolerances. This experiment develops a novel method of analyzing slot profile dimensions using photographs of the slot. Five points are selected along each wall, and lines are fitted to define a trapezoidal slot shape. This investigation measures slot height at the slot's top and bottom, angles between walls, slot taper, and the linearity of each wall. Slot dimensions for 30 upper right central incisor self-ligating stainless steel brackets from three manufacturers were evaluated. Speed brackets have a slot height 2% smaller than the nominal 0.559?mm size and have a slightly convergent taper. In-Ovation brackets have a divergent taper at an average angle of 1.47 degrees. In-Ovation is closest to the nominal value of slot height at the slot base and has the smallest manufacturing tolerances. Damon Q brackets are the most rectangular in shape, with nearly 90-degree corners between the slot bottom and walls. Damon slot height is on average 3% oversized.

Major, Thomas W.; Carey, Jason P.; Nobes, David S.; Major, Paul W.

2010-01-01

33

Clinical evaluation of the failure rate of metallic brackets bonded with orthodontic composites.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate in vivo the failure rate of metallic brackets bonded with two orthodontic composites. Nineteen patients with ages ranging from 10.5 to 38.7 years needing corrective orthodontic treatment were selected for study. The enamel surfaces from second premolars to second premolars were treated with Transbond Plus-Self Etching Primer (3M Unitek). Next, 380 orthodontic brackets were bonded on maxillary and mandibular teeth, as follows: 190 with Transbond XT composite (3M Unitek) (control) and 190 with Transbond Plus Color Change (3M Unitek) (experimental) in contralateral quadrants. The bonded brackets were light cured for 40 s, and initial alignment archwires were inserted. Bond failure rates were recorded over a six-month period. At the end of the evaluation, six bond failures occurred, three for each composite. Kaplan-Meyer method and log-rank test (Mantel-Cox) was used for statistical analysis, and no statistically significant difference was found between the materials (p=0.999). Both Transbond XT and Transbond Plus Color Change composites had low debonding rates over the study period. PMID:23207856

Romano, Fábio Lourenço; Valério, Rodrigo Alexandre; Gomes-Silva, Jaciara Miranda; Ferreira, José Tarcísio Lima; Faria, Gisele; Borsatto, Maria Cristina

2012-01-01

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Nuclear techniques to identify allergenic metals in orthodontic brackets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present study determines the elementary alloy composition of ten commercial brands of brackets, especially related to Ni, Cr, and Co metals, confirmed allergenic elements. The nuclear techniques applied in the analyses were X-ray fluorescence (XRF) - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France (National Center of Scientific Research), and X-ray energy spectrometry (XRES), and Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) - CDTN/CNEN, Brazil. The XRES and XRF techniques identified Cr in the 10 samples analyzed and Ni in eight samples. The INAA technique identified the presence of Cr (14% to 19%) and Co (42% to 2400 ppm) in all samples. The semi-quantitative analysis performed by XRF also identified Co in two samples. The techniques were effective in the identification of metals in orthodontic brackets. The elements identified in this study can be considered one of the main reason for the allergic processes among the patients studied. This finding suggests that the patients should be tested for allergy and allergenic sensibility to metals prior to the prescription of orthodontic device. (author)

2009-03-01

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Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Metallic biomaterials have been extensively used in orthodontics throughout history. Gold, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium alloys, titanium and its alloys, among other metallic biomaterials, have been part of the orthodontic armamentarium since the twentieth century. Metals and alloys possess outstanding properties and offer numerous possibilities for the fabrication of orthodontic devices such as brackets, wires, bands, ligatures, among others. However, these materials have drawbacks that c...

Santiago Arango; Alejandro Peláez-Vargas; Claudia García

2012-01-01

36

Shear bond strength of precoated orthodontic brackets: an in vivo study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ali H HassanDepartment of Preventive Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaObjective: To evaluate the shear bond strength of precoated orthodontic brackets bonded with self-etching primer relative to that of noncoated conventionally-bonded brackets at two different time intervals.Methods: Twenty-one subjects were selected for randomized split-mouth bonding of two types of brackets to the maxillary arch. Half of the teeth had precoated brackets b...

2010-01-01

37

Rebonding of unused brackets with different orthodontic adhesives  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare in vitro shear bond strength (SBS) of different orthodontic adhesives in bonding and repeatedly rebonding metal brackets, and to evaluate the bond failure site with the adhesive remnant index (ARI). METHODS: Specimens consisted of 90 extracted human first premolars, randomly di [...] vided into three groups (n=30). The adhesives Alpha Plast (AP), ConciseTM (CO) and TransbondTM XT (TB) were used in each group. Three SBS tests were performed, i.e., one at T0 (initial) and the other two at T1 and T2 (first and second rebondings, respectively), observing a 24-hour interval. The tests were performed in a Shimadzu AG-I (10kN) SBS testing machine, at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: SBS data were subjected to ANOVA, Tukey's test and Bonferroni test (p

Jimenez, Emigdio Enrique Orellana; Hilgenberg, Sérgio Paulo; Rastelli, Márcia Cristina; Pilatti, Gibson Luiz; Orellana, Bruno; Coelho, Ulisses.

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The Effect of Different Soft Drinks on the Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets  

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Full Text Available Objective: It is proved that acidic soft drinks that are commonly used, have an adverse effect on dental structures, and may deteriorate oral heath of our patients and orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of yoghurt drink with other soft drinks on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.Materials and Methods: Seventy-five first premolar teeth extracted for orthodontic purposes were selected and standard twin metal brackets were bonded on the center of buccal surface with No-Mix composite. The teeth were thermocycled for 625 cycles and randomly divided into five groups of artificial saliva, carbonated yoghurt drink with lactic acid base, non-carbonated yoghurt drink with lactic acid base, 7 up with citric acid base and Pepsi with phosphoric acid base. In all groups, the teeth were immersed in liquid for five-minute sessions three times with equal intervening intervals for 3 months. SBS was measured by a universal testing machine with a speed of 0.5mm/min. Data was analyzed statistically by one-way ANOVA.Results: The results showed that mean values for the shear bond strength of carbonated yoghurt drinks, non-carbonated yoghurt drinks, 7up and Pepsi groups were 12.98(+_2.95, 13.26(+_4.00, 16.11(+_4.89, 14.73(+_5.10, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference among the groups (P-value= 0.238Conclusion: Soft drinks used in this study did not decrease the bond strength of the brackets bonded with this specific type of composite.

M Omid Khoda

2012-01-01

39

Rebonding of unused brackets with different orthodontic adhesives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare in vitro shear bond strength (SBS of different orthodontic adhesives in bonding and repeatedly rebonding metal brackets, and to evaluate the bond failure site with the adhesive remnant index (ARI. METHODS: Specimens consisted of 90 extracted human first premolars, randomly divided into three groups (n=30. The adhesives Alpha Plast (AP, ConciseTM (CO and TransbondTM XT (TB were used in each group. Three SBS tests were performed, i.e., one at T0 (initial and the other two at T1 and T2 (first and second rebondings, respectively, observing a 24-hour interval. The tests were performed in a Shimadzu AG-I (10kN SBS testing machine, at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: SBS data were subjected to ANOVA, Tukey's test and Bonferroni test (p<0.05. For the ARI, the Kruskal Wallis test was performed, followed by the Dunn test. The results revealed that at T0 groups AP and CO showed SBS values that were near, but above TB values; and at T1 and T2, the highest SBS values were observed for the AP group, followed by the CO and TB groups. CONCLUSION: Statistically significant differences were found in SBS between groups AP, CO and TB during bonding and repeated rebondings of unused metal brackets, with group AP achieving the highest SBS value. Regarding ARI, adhesive AP exhibited bond failure at the enamel-adhesive interface, with a higher enamel fracture frequency.

Emigdio Enrique Orellana Jimenez

2012-04-01

40

A scanning electron microscopic investigation of ceramic orthodontic brackets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ceramic brackets were introduced to overcome the esthetic disadvantages of stainless steel brackets. The clinical impression of these brackets is very favorable. However, the sliding mechanics used in the Straightwire (A Company, San Diego, CA, USA) system appear to produce slower tooth movements with ceramic compared to stainless steel brackets. To determine whether this was due to any obvious mechanical problem in the bracket slot, Transcend (Unitek Corporation/3M, Monrovia, CA, USA) ceramic brackets were examined by a scanning electron microscope and compared to stainless steel brackets.Consistently, large surface defects were found in the ceramic bracket slots that were not present in the metal bracket slots. These irregularities could obviously hinder the sliding mechanics of the bracket slot-archwire system and create a greater demand on anchorage. Conversely, the fitting surface of the Transcend ceramic bracket showed extremely smooth surface characteristics, and it would seem advisable for the manufacturers to incorporate this surface within the bracket slot. (author)

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Coating and Surface Treatments on Orthodontic Metallic Materials  

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Full Text Available Metallic biomaterials have been extensively used in orthodontics throughout history. Gold, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium alloys, titanium and its alloys, among other metallic biomaterials, have been part of the orthodontic armamentarium since the twentieth century. Metals and alloys possess outstanding properties and offer numerous possibilities for the fabrication of orthodontic devices such as brackets, wires, bands, ligatures, among others. However, these materials have drawbacks that can present problems for the orthodontist. Poor friction control, allergic reactions, and metal ionic release are some of the most common disadvantages found when using metallic alloys for manufacturing orthodontic appliances. In order to overcome such weaknesses, research has been conducted aiming at different approaches, such as coatings and surface treatments, which have been developed to render these materials more suitable for orthodontic applications. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the coating and surface treatment methods performed on metallic biomaterials used in orthodontics.

Claudia García

2012-12-01

42

Investigation of bracket bonding for orthodontic treatments using en-face optical coherence tomography  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite good diagnosis and treatment planning, orthodontic treatment can fail if bonding fails. It is now common practice to address the aesthetic appearance of patients using aesthetic brackets instead of metal ones. Therefore, bonding aesthetic brackets has become an issue for orthodontists today. Orthodontic bonding is mainly achieved using composite resin but can also be performed with glass ionomer or resin cements. For improving the quality of bonding, the enamel is acid etched for 30 seconds with 38% phosphoric acid and then a bonding agent is applied. In our study we investigated and compared the quality of bonding between ceramic brackets, polymeric brackets and enamel, respectively using a new investigation method-OCT. The aim of our study was to evaluate the resin layer at the bracket base-tooth interface.

Sinescu, Cosmin; Negrutiu, Meda L.; Hughes, Michael; Bradu, Adrian; Todea, Carmen; Rominu, Roxana; Dodenciu, Dorin; Laissue, Philippe L.; Podoleanu, Adrian G.

2008-05-01

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Effect of different methods of enamel conditioning on bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: With the introduction of different bondable restorative materials in dentistry, various methods have been suggested to enhance the polymerization and shear bond strength of these materials. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different methods of enamel conditioning on bond strength of orthodontic brackets and on the bracket/ adhesive failure mode. Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study, brackets were bonded to thirty-six bovine incisor teeth with different protocols according to the manufacturer's instructions as follows: Group 1: conventional multistep adhesive (n=12; Group 2: self-etching primer system (n=12; Group 3: acid+self-etching primer system (n=12. Specimens were loaded in a universal testing machine (Instron, Canton and Mass and the mode of failure was recorded. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Kruskall-Wallis tests with p<0.05 as the limit of significance. Results: The mean shear bond strength was 11.7 ± 4.2, 10.5 ± 4.4, and 10.9 ± 4.8 MPa for group 1, 2, and 3 respectively. There was no significant difference in bond strength among the three groups (P=0.800. No significant difference was observed among the three groups with respect to residual adhesive on the enamel surfaces (P=0.554. Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, the use of self-etching primers may be an alternative to conventional phosphoric acid pre-treatment in orthodontic bonding.

Davari AR

2007-01-01

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Effect of fluoride on tooth erosion around orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do flúor na prevenção da erosão do esmalte circunjacente a braquetes ortodônticos sob desafio erosivo. Braquetes edgewise foram colados com resina TransbondTM XT na superfície vestibular de 40 incisivos bovinos. Os dentes foram divididos em 4 grupos [...] (n = 10): G1: Saliva remineralizadora; G2: Desafio erosivo; G3: Grupo experimental submetido à aplicação tópica de flúor gel neutro (NaF a 2%) antes do desafio erosivo; G4: Grupo experimental submetido à três aplicações diárias de dentifrício fluoretado (1500 ppmF PFM) durante o desafio erosivo. Após 14 dias de desafio erosivo, foi realizado exame visual e táctil por dois examinadores calibrados e treinados (Kappa = 0,867). Os escores utilizados foram: 0 = Esmalte hígido, 1 = Esmalte desmineralizado sem cavidade, 2 = Esmalte desmineralizado com cavidade, 3 = Esmalte remineralizado sem cavidade, 4 = Esmalte remineralizado com cavidade. Foram utilizados os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney para determinar os níveis de erosão, estabelecendo um intervalo de confiança de 95% (p Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride in prevention of tooth erosion around orthodontic brackets under erosive challenge. Edgewise brackets were bonded with TransbondTM XT composite on vestibular surface of 40 bovine incisors. The teeth were assigned to 4 groups (n=10): [...] G1: Remineralizing saliva; G2: Erosive challenge; G3: Experimental group submitted to topical application of neutral fluoride gel (2% NaF) before erosive challenge; G4: Experimental group submitted to three daily applications of fluoride dentifrice (PFM 1500 ppmF) during erosive challenge. After 14 days of erosive challenge, direct visual and tactile examination were performed by two calibrated and trained examiners (Kappa = 0.867). The following scores were used: 0 = Intact enamel, 1 = Demineralized enamel without cavity, 2 = Demineralized enamel with cavity, 3 = Remineralized enamel without cavity, 4 = Remineralized enamel with cavity. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were applied to determine erosion levels, establishing a confidence interval of 95% (p

Erika Machado, Caldeira; Tatiana Kelly da Silva, Fidalgo; Paula, Passalini; Mariana, Marquezan; Lucianne Cople, Maia; Matilde da Cunha Gonçalves, Nojima.

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Trial production of titanium orthodontic brackets fabricated by metal injection molding (MIM) with sintering.  

Science.gov (United States)

Safety and esthetics are two indispensable factors to consider when fabricating orthodontic brackets. However, these factors are not easily achieved when conventional techniques (including forging and casting) are used in the mass production of titanium brackets, albeit the brackets exhibit excellent biocompatibility. In the present study, orthodontic brackets were manufactured by metal powder injection molding with sintering. Brackets with three different base designs were made and subjected to compression shear tests for evaluation of their bonding strength to enamel substrate. The shapes given to the dimple of the base were spherical, oval, and grooved. The maximum shear forces for each type were 11.1 kgf, 7.6 kgf, and 18.5 kgf, respectively. The bonding strengths of the titanium bracket were equivalent to those obtained with conventional stainless steel brackets. Moreover, uniform distribution of Vickers hardness values (average, 240 +/- 40 Hv) measured at three locations indicated that the titanium bracket was uniformly sintered. Accordingly, titanium brackets thus fabricated exhibit a potential for clinical application. PMID:8876601

Deguchi, T; Ito, M; Obata, A; Koh, Y; Yamagishi, T; Oshida, Y

1996-07-01

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Shear bond strength comparison between direct and indirect bonded orthodontic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to teeth with either an indirect bonding technique and a new adhesive resin or a direct bonding technique and a light-activated adhesive. Fifty-four extracted premolars were mounted in acrylic blocks and randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 27). In one group, orthodontic brackets were bonded to premolars with an indirect bonding adhesive system; in the other, brackets were bonded with the direct method. Seventy-two hours later, the brackets were placed in a testing machine and subjected to a shear force with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/minute. The mean shear bond strengths for the indirect and direct groups were 11.2 and 10.9 MPa, respectively, both exceeding the minimum shear bond strength range of 5.9 to 7.8 MPa often cited in the literature for clinical success. Data were analyzed with Student t tests. No significant difference in shear bond strength between the 2 groups was detected (P =.76). Resin remnants on orthodontic bracket pads were observed with a dissecting microscope at 30x magnification and scored with a modified adhesive remnant index. There was no significant difference between groups (P >.05). There was also no correlation between shear bond strength and the percentage of adhesive resin remnants left on the orthodontic bracket. Under the conditions of this study, no evidence suggests a difference in shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to tooth enamel, whether they are bonded with the direct or indirect technique. PMID:14614426

Yi, Gia K; Dunn, William J; Taloumis, Louis J

2003-11-01

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A Comparison of the Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Bonded With Light-Emitting Diode and Halogen Light-Curing Units  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Statement of the problem: Various methods such as light emitting diode (LED) have been used to enhance the polymerization of resin-based orthodontic adhesives. There is a lack of information on the advantages and disadvantages of different light curing systems.Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of LED and halogen light curing systems on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.Materials and Methods: Forty extracted human premolars were etched with 37% phosphoric a...

2006-01-01

48

Orthodontic Molar Brackets: The Effect of Three Different Base Designs on Shear Bond Strength  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of the study was to assess the relative base designs of three different maxillary molar stainless steel brackets with reference to the shear bond strength of three different adhesive resins. The molar brackets used were Victory series (3M Unitek), Upper Molar (GAC) and Optimesh XRT (Ormco). The adhesives used were Transbond XT (3M Unitek), Enlight (Ormco) and Sure Ortho Light Bond (Sure Orthodontics). The human enamel specimens (144) were randomly divided into nine groups and each...

2011-01-01

49

Orthodontic brackets in high field MR imaging: experimental evaluation of magnetic field interactions at 3.0 tesla  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate static magnetic field interactions for 32 commonly used orthodontic brackets in a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. Materials and methods: 32 orthodontic brackets consisting of a steel alloy (n=27), a cobalt-chromium alloy (n=2), ceramic (n=1), ceramic with a steel slot (n=1), and titanium (n=1) from 13 different manufacturers were tested for magnetic field interactions in a static magnetic field at 3.0 T (Gyroscan Intera 3.0 T, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands). The magnetic deflection force FZ [mN] was evaluated by determining the deflection angle ?[ ] using the established deflection angle test according to the ASTM guidelines. The magnetic-field-induced rotational force Frot or torque was qualitatively determined using a 5-point grading scale (0: no torque; +4: very strong torque). Results: In 18 of the 32 brackets, the deflection angle ? was found to be > 45 and the translational force exceeded the gravitational force FG on the particular bracket (FZ: 1.2-45.7 mN). The translational force FZ was found to be up to 68.5 times greater than the gravitational force FG (FZ/FG: 1.4-68.5). The rotational force Frot was correspondingly high (+3/+4) for those brackets. For the remaining 14 objects, the deflection angles were < 45 and the torque measurements ranged from 0 to +2. The static magnetic field did not affect the titanium bracket and the ceramic bracket. No measurable translational and rotational forces were found. (orig.)

2005-12-01

50

Shear bond strength of precoated orthodontic brackets: an in vivo study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ali H HassanDepartment of Preventive Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaObjective: To evaluate the shear bond strength of precoated orthodontic brackets bonded with self-etching primer relative to that of noncoated conventionally-bonded brackets at two different time intervals.Methods: Twenty-one subjects were selected for randomized split-mouth bonding of two types of brackets to the maxillary arch. Half of the teeth had precoated brackets bonded using selfetching adhesive, and the other half had regular brackets bonded using Transbond XT adhesive. Nitinol wires were tied to the upper arch and were left until the time of debonding. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: one debonded after one hour and the other debonded two weeks after the initial wire placement. The shear bond strength was directly recorded from the patients’ mouths using an in vivo debonding device.Results: There were no significant differences in shear bond strength between the precoated and conventional groups or within each group at different time intervals. There were significant differences between anterior and posterior teeth in both the precoated and conventional groups. Conclusion: Pre-coated brackets bonded with self-etching adhesive have the same bonding strength as the conventionally bonded brackets.Keywords: shear bond, bonding, orthodontics, precoated, brackets, self-etching adhesive

Ali H Hassan

2010-06-01

51

Clinical evaluation of the failure rate of metallic brackets bonded with orthodontic composites  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar in vivo a taxa de falha de braquetes metálicos colados com dois compósitos ortodônticos. Dezenove pacientes com idades entre 10,5 e 38,7 anos, que necessitavam de tratamento ortodôntico corretivo, foram selecionados para estudo. As superfícies de esmalte de [...] segundos pré-molares a segundos pré-molares foram tratadas com Transbond Plus Self-Etching Primer (3M Unitek). Em seguida, 380 bráquetes foram colados nos dentes superiores e inferiores, como segue: 190 com compósito Transbond XT (3M Unitek) (controle) e 190 com Transbond Plus Color Change (3M Unitek) (experimental), em quadrantes contralaterais. Os bráquetes colados foram fotopolimerizados por 40 s e arcos de alinhamento inicial foram inseridos. As taxas de insucesso na adesão foram registrados durante um período de seis meses. No final da avaliação, seis falhas de adesão ocorreram, três para cada composto. Para a análise estatística foram utilizados os testes de Kaplan-Meyer e log-rank (Mantel-Cox), e não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os materiais (p=0,999). Ambos compósitos, Transbond XT e Transbond Plus Color Change, tiveram baixas taxas de descolagem durante o período de estudo Abstract in english The purpose of the present study was to evaluate in vivo the failure rate of metallic brackets bonded with two orthodontic composites. Nineteen patients with ages ranging from 10.5 to 38.7 years needing corrective orthodontic treatment were selected for study. The enamel surfaces from second premola [...] rs to second premolars were treated with Transbond Plus-Self Etching Primer (3M Unitek). Next, 380 orthodontic brackets were bonded on maxillary and mandibular teeth, as follows: 190 with Transbond XT composite (3M Unitek) (control) and 190 with Transbond Plus Color Change (3M Unitek) (experimental) in contralateral quadrants. The bonded brackets were light cured for 40 s, and initial alignment archwires were inserted. Bond failure rates were recorded over a six-month period. At the end of the evaluation, six bond failures occurred, three for each composite. Kaplan-Meyer method and log-rank test (Mantel-Cox) was used for statistical analysis, and no statistically significant difference was found between the materials (p=0.999). Both Transbond XT and Transbond Plus Color Change composites had low debonding rates over the study period.

Fábio Lourenço, Romano; Rodrigo Alexandre, Valério; Jaciara Miranda, Gomes-Silva; José Tarcísio Lima, Ferreira; Gisele, Faria; Maria Cristina, Borsatto.

52

Orthodontic molar brackets: the effect of three different base designs on shear bond strength.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to assess the relative base designs of three different maxillary molar stainless steel brackets with reference to the shear bond strength of three different adhesive resins. The molar brackets used were Victory series (3M Unitek), Upper Molar (GAC) and Optimesh XRT (Ormco). The adhesives used were Transbond XT (3M Unitek), Enlight (Ormco) and Sure Ortho Light Bond (Sure Orthodontics). The human enamel specimens (144) were randomly divided into nine groups and each group (n=16) was allocated to a bracket/adhesive combination. The contact surface of each of the bracket bases was measured three dimensionally using a reflex microscope. The base designs were also subjected to further microscopic investigations. The brackets were bonded to the enamel, temperature cycled and the shear bond strength was measured. The size and design of each of the brackets was different. The base size, surface treatment, mesh strand diameter and aperture size of the bracket base mesh have a significant effect on the shear bond strength at the bracket/adhesive interface. The shear bond strengths of all three Ormco bracket/adhesive resin combinations (5.8-6.8 MPa) were significantly lower (pUnitek combination of the Victory series bracket and Transbond XT adhesive proved to have a high shear bond strength without enamel damage. PMID:23675217

Hudson, Athol P; Grobler, Sias R; Harris, Angela M P

2011-03-01

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Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: avaliação da liberação iônica in vitro / Biodegradation of orthodontic brackets: in vitro ion release  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar, in vitro, a biodegradação de aparelhos ortodônticos simulados constituídos de braquetes e fios de aço inoxidável. METODOLOGIA: a amostra foi dividida em 2 grupos, de acordo com a marca dos braquetes usados: grupo A - Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303); e grupo B - LG Edgewise Standar [...] d, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). Os corpos-de-prova permaneceram incubados em solução salina (0,05%) a 36ºC, sob agitação por um período de até 60 dias. A análise da liberação iônica foi realizada por meio de espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. O peso em massa dos braquetes também foi medido antes e após o experimento. RESULTADOS: os resultados indicaram que o grupo A apresentou maior liberação de íons ferro, níquel e cromo do que o grupo B. Além disso, os braquetes do grupo A também mostraram perda de massa, considerada outro indicativo de corrosão. CONCLUSÃO: concluiu-se que, nas condições deste experimento, os braquetes do grupo A apresentaram maior biodegradação que os acessórios do grupo B, o que pode estar associado à liga metálica e/ou ao processo de fabricação dos mesmos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the biodegradation of simulated orthodontic appliances consisting of stainless steel brackets and wires. MATERIALS AND METHODOS: The sample was divided in 2 groups, according to brackets brand: group A - Dyna-Lock, 3M/ Unitek (AISI 303) [...] ; and group B - LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). The specimens (simulated orthodontic appliances) were incubated in saline solution (0.05%), in shake, at 36ºC, for 60 days. The ion release was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The weight of brackets was also measured before and after the test. RESULTS: The results indicated that group A released more ions iron, nickel and chromium than group B. Moreover, the brackets in group A also presented weight loss, which is considered an indicator of corrosion. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that, under the present study conditions, the brackets from group A presented a higher biodegradation than group’s B brackets, what could be associated to composition and manufacturing process of these brackets.

Gabriel Schmidt, Dolci; Luciane Macedo de, Menezes; Rodrigo Matos de, Souza; Berenice Anina, Dedavid.

54

Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: avaliação da liberação iônica in vitro Biodegradation of orthodontic brackets: in vitro ion release  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar, in vitro, a biodegradação de aparelhos ortodônticos simulados constituídos de braquetes e fios de aço inoxidável. METODOLOGIA: a amostra foi dividida em 2 grupos, de acordo com a marca dos braquetes usados: grupo A - Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303; e grupo B - LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L. Os corpos-de-prova permaneceram incubados em solução salina (0,05% a 36ºC, sob agitação por um período de até 60 dias. A análise da liberação iônica foi realizada por meio de espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. O peso em massa dos braquetes também foi medido antes e após o experimento. RESULTADOS: os resultados indicaram que o grupo A apresentou maior liberação de íons ferro, níquel e cromo do que o grupo B. Além disso, os braquetes do grupo A também mostraram perda de massa, considerada outro indicativo de corrosão. CONCLUSÃO: concluiu-se que, nas condições deste experimento, os braquetes do grupo A apresentaram maior biodegradação que os acessórios do grupo B, o que pode estar associado à liga metálica e/ou ao processo de fabricação dos mesmos.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the biodegradation of simulated orthodontic appliances consisting of stainless steel brackets and wires. MATERIALS AND METHODOS: The sample was divided in 2 groups, according to brackets brand: group A - Dyna-Lock, 3M/ Unitek (AISI 303; and group B - LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L. The specimens (simulated orthodontic appliances were incubated in saline solution (0.05%, in shake, at 36ºC, for 60 days. The ion release was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The weight of brackets was also measured before and after the test. RESULTS: The results indicated that group A released more ions iron, nickel and chromium than group B. Moreover, the brackets in group A also presented weight loss, which is considered an indicator of corrosion. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that, under the present study conditions, the brackets from group A presented a higher biodegradation than group’s B brackets, what could be associated to composition and manufacturing process of these brackets.

Gabriel Schmidt Dolci

2008-06-01

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The effect of different bonding and debonding techniques on debonding ceramic orthodontic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies have indicated that different bonding and debonding techniques affect the removal or detachment of polycrystalline ceramic brackets that use a mechanical mechanism of bonding to resin. The delamination type debonding forces have been shown to be more effective, compared with twisting and tensile type forces. Further, polycrystalline brackets bonded by the indirect techniques debond leaving minimal filled resin on the tooth surface and hence cleanup and enamel damage are minimized. The purpose of this research was to compare the effects of three bonding and debonding techniques on debonding two types of ceramic brackets, using different modes of bonding. The monocrystalline bracket used the chemical and the polycrystalline bracket used the mechanical mechanisms for bonding respectively. Brackets were bonded to 180 freshly extracted bovine teeth, divided into two groups of 90 each, based on the bracket employed, i.e., monocrystalline and polycrystalline brackets. These brackets were bonded with the direct and two different indirect bonding methods: the conventional indirect method (modified Thomas) and the indirect technique that used a thermally cured resin. Each bonding group was further divided into three groups of 10, based on the type of debonding technique used, i.e., lift off, delamination, and twisting. The variables evaluated were bracket failure and remnant adhesive on debonding. The data were subjected to an analysis of variance to determine existence of significant differences, followed by multiple comparisons of means. Bracket failure or fracture was significantly affected, based on the bonding technique and the debonding technique for the monocrystalline at p indirect bonding technique was shown to be a safe combination for debonding both types of ceramic brackets. Therefore both bonding and debonding techniques significantly affect bracket failure or fracture and remnant adhesive of ceramic orthodontic brackets during the debonding procedure. PMID:9267223

Sinha, P K; Nanda, R S

1997-08-01

56

Frictional and mechanical properties of diamond-like carbon-coated orthodontic brackets.  

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This study investigated the effects of a diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating on frictional and mechanical properties of orthodontic brackets. DLC films were deposited on stainless steel brackets using the plasma-based ion implantation/deposition (PBIID) method under two different atmospheric conditions. As-received metal brackets served as the control. Two sizes of stainless steel archwires, 0.018 inch diameter and 0.017 × 0.025 inch cross-section dimensions, were used for measuring static and kinetic friction by drawing the archwires through the bracket slots, using a mechanical testing machine (n = 10). The DLC-coated brackets were observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Values of hardness and elastic modulus were obtained by nanoindentation testing (n = 10). Friction forces were compared by one-way analysis of variance and the Scheffé test. The hardness and elastic modulus of the brackets were compared using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests. SEM photomicrographs showed DLC layers on the bracket surfaces with thickness of approximately 5-7 ?m. DLC-coated brackets deposited under condition 2 showed significantly less static frictional force for the stainless steel wire with 0.017 × 0.025 inch cross-section dimensions than as-received brackets and DLC-coated brackets deposited under condition 1, although both DLC-coated brackets showed significantly less kinetic frictional force than as-received brackets. The hardness of the DLC layers was much higher than that of the as-received bracket surfaces. In conclusion, the surfaces of metal brackets can be successfully modified by the PBIID method to create a DLC layer, and the DLC-coating process significantly reduces frictional forces. PMID:21934113

Muguruma, Takeshi; Iijima, Masahiro; Brantley, William A; Nakagaki, Susumu; Endo, Kazuhiko; Mizoguchi, Itaru

2013-04-01

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Effect of toothbrushing with different manual toothbrushes on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of brushing with a Colgate 360º or Oral B Indicator 35 toothbrush on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to extracted human teeth. The bristle wear and bristle tip morphology were also examined after simulated tooth-brushing. Orthodontic brackets (Roth-P/1st and 2nd premolar S/D- Slot 0.18" were bonded (Transbond XT® to the smoothest surface of each of 45 extracted human molar and premolar teeth. Test specimens were randomly divided into three groups: Group 1, control group with no brushing; Group 2, brushing with the Oral B Indicator 35; Group 3, brushing with the Colgate 360º. Samples were adapted to a machine that simulated tooth-brushing. The bond strength of each bracket to each tooth was assessed with a mechanical testing machine. The bristle wear and bristle tip morphology indices were also assessed. Statistically significant differences were defined for p < 0.05. The average bond strengths (range: 90.18-90.89 kgf/cm² did not differ among the three groups. The Colgate 360º showed less bristle wear and a better bristle tip morphology than the Oral B Indicator 35 toothbrush. However, use of either toothbrush did not decrease the bond strength of the orthodontic brackets. Therefore, patients undergoing orthodontic therapy can safely use either toothbrush.

Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira

2010-09-01

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Effect of elastomeric ligatures on frictional forces between the archwire and orthodontic bracket  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english AIM: To evaluate the frictional force between the archwire and orthodontic bracket generated by elastomeric ligatures with polymer coating (Super slick, TP Orthodontics) and conventional ligatures (Morelli) using two types of insertion techniques. METHODS: Forty elastomeric ligatures, 20 with polyme [...] r coating and 20 conventional, were evaluated. Each type of ligature was separated into two groups (n=10), according to the insertion mode: conventional or crossed (from mesial to distal region crossed in front). To analyze friction, 40 5-cm-long segments of stainless steel orthodontic archwire 0.019" x 0.025" (Morelli) and Edgewise brackets (slot 0.022" x 0.028"; Morelli) were used. Each set (bracket, wire and elastic) was submitted to frictional testing in a universal test machine (Instron 4411) at a crosshead speed of 5 mm/min. Each bracket was moved 5 mm on the wire, with maximum friction and mean friction being recorded by software. Three readouts were taken for each bracket. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p

Venâncio, Flávia Ramos; Vedovello, Sílvia Amélia Scudeler; Tubel, Carlos Alberto Malanconi; Degan, Viviane Veroni; Lucato, Adriana Simone; Lealdim, Letícia Nery.

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Hypersensitivity reactions to orthodontic materials.  

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Full Text Available Most allergic reactions that may be observed during orthodontic treatment are manifestations of hypersensitivity to potentially allergenic factors of orthodontic materials. These factors basically include the latex material of disposable elastic surgical gloves and of most elastic orthodontic materials and the nickel contained in the alloys of metal orthodontic appliances. Allergic hypersensitivity reactions may involve extra- and intra-oral clinical signs usually including localized manifestations, at the site of contact with the allergen, such as erythema, edema, itching of the skin or oral mucosa and more rarely systemic manifestations, such as generalized rash and dyspnea, whereas in extreme situations aphylactic reaction may be observed. In any case, when taking the patient’s medical history, it is necessary to record in detail all previous allergic episodes of any type. Where considered necessary, the diagnosis of hypersensitivity to specific materials is documented by the allergiologist following specialized dermatological or hematological tests. Although the phenomenon of hypersensitivity to orthodontic materials is not common in routine clinical practice, in cases where an allergic reaction is observed, the prompt diagnosis is of utmost importance, and it should be followed by the immediate interruption of exposure to the allergen along with the substitution of any suspected /potent allergens or/and modification of treatment planning. The aim of this review is to describe, on the basis of modern literature, the latest evidence-based scientific data concerning etiology, diagnosis and treatment of allergic reactions to materials most frequently used during orthodontic treatment.

Philippos N. Synodinos

2005-01-01

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Microleakage under orthodontic brackets bonded with the custom base indirect bonding technique.  

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The aim of this in vitro study was to compare microleakage of orthodontic brackets between enamel-composite and composite-bracket interfaces at the occlusal and gingival margins, bonded using indirect bonding systems with that of a conventional direct bonding method. Forty freshly extracted human maxillary premolar teeth were randomly divided into two groups. In group 1, the brackets were bonded to teeth directly according to the manufacturer's recommendations. Group 2 consisted of 20 teeth bonded indirectly with Transbond XT (3M-Unitek), as the adhesive, and Sondhi Rapid Set A/B Primer (3M-Unitek), a filled resin primer. After bonding, the specimens were further sealed with nail varnish, stained with 0.5 per cent basic fuchsine for 24 hours, sectioned and examined under a stereomicroscope, and scored for microleakage at the enamel-composite and composite-bracket interfaces from both the occlusal and gingival margins. Statistical analyses were performed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests with Bonferroni correction. The gingival sides of group 1 displayed a higher median microleakage score than the occlusal side at the enamel-composite interface but this was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). All occlusal margins in both groups showed no microleakage under orthodontic brackets at the enamel-composite or composite-bracket interfaces. Comparisons of the microleakage scores between the direct and the indirect bonding groups at the enamel-composite and composite-bracket interfaces indicated no statistically significant microleakage differences at the gingival and occlusal margins (P > 0.05). The type of bonding method (direct versus indirect) did not significantly affect the amount of microleakage at the enamel-composite-bracket complex. PMID:19752016

Yagci, Ahmet; Uysal, Tancan; Ulker, Mustafa; Ramoglu, Sabri Ilhan

2010-06-01

 
 
 
 
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Dental plaque associated with self-ligating brackets during the initial phase of orthodontic treatment: A 3-month preliminary study  

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Background: To compare changes in the amount and distribution of dental plaque associated with placement of elastomeric modules over a self-ligating bracket during orthodontic treatment and to relate these changes to the periodontal inflammation. Materials and Methods: A cross-arch randomization trial was carried out at Bristol Dental School, United Kingdom. Clinical measurements of periodontal inflammation and plaque accumulation and microbiological test were done on 24 patients aged 11-14 years [Mean (SD) age = 12.6 (1.01) years] wearing fixed appliances (Damon 2 brackets, Ormco, Orange, CA, USA) at the start and 3 months into fixed orthodontic treatment. Results: In the first 3 months of treatment there was no statistically significant difference in bleeding on probing between incisors with and without elastomeric modules (P = 0.125 and 0.508, respectively). The difference in plaque accumulation was not statistically significant (P = 0.78). The difference in probing depths between the incisors was not statistically significant (P = 0.84). The microbiological analysis showed no difference. Conclusions: Based on this preliminary 3 months study, elastomeric modules were not significantly associated with any increased risk during treatment when compared to self-ligating brackets. The longer term studies are needed to further confirm the findings of the present study.

Al-Anezi, Saud A

2014-01-01

62

Root resorption, treatment time and extraction rate during orthodontic treatment with self-ligating and conventional brackets  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction This study determined the amount and severity of EARR (external apical root resorption) after orthodontic treatment with self-ligating (SL) and conventional (Non-SL) brackets. Differences regarding rate of extraction cases, appointments and treatment time were evaluated. Material and methods 213 patients with a mean age of 12.4?±?2.2 years were evaluated retrospectively. The treatments were performed with SL brackets (n?=?139, Smartclip, 3 M Unitek, USA) or Non-SL brackets (n?=?74, Victory Series, 3 M Unitek, USA). Measurements of the crown and root length of the incisors were taken using panoramic radiographs. Three-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed for an appliance effect. Results There was no difference between patients treated with Non-SL or SL brackets regarding the amount (in percentage) of EARR (Non-SL: 4.5?±?6.6 vs. SL: 3.0?±?5.6). Occurrence of severe EARR (sEARR) did also not differ between the two groups (Non-SL 0.5 vs. SL: 0.3). The percentage of patients with need of tooth extraction for treatment (Non SL: 8.1 vs. SL: 6.9) and the number of appointments (Non-SL: 12.4?±?3.4 vs. SL: 13.9?±?3.3) did not show any differences. The treatment time was shorter with Non-SL brackets (Non-SL: 18.1?±?5.3 vs. SL: 20.7?±?4.9 months). Conclusions This is the largest study showing that there is no difference in the amount of EARR, number of appointments and extraction rate between conventional and self-ligating brackets. For the first time we could demonstrate that occurrence of sEARR does not differ between the two types of brackets.

2014-01-01

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The use of single step adhesives in bonding orthodontic brackets.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previous studies have suggested that the new single-step adhesive systems used in operative dentistry and can bond to both enamel and dentin, require a shorter application time while maintaining adequate bond strength. In orthodontics, several repetitions of the bonding procedure are necessary, therefore, adhesive systems requiring less time for application are of particular interest. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of incorporating single step adhesives to a traditional...

1999-01-01

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Morphological and Structural Characterization of Two Types of As-Received and In vivo Orthodontic Stainless Steel Brackets  

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Aims: To perform a) a topographical analysis of the bracket slot of 12 as-received stainless steel brackets and of in vivo used stainless steel brackets from 7 patients and b) a compositional characterization of the constituting materials of two types of brackets. Study Design: In vitro laboratory study. Methodology: 12 as-received brackets and in vivo used brackets of seven patients were analysed. Two commercially available brackets were used for this study. A SEM analysis evaluated the t...

2012-01-01

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Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to different ceramic surfaces.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was undertaken to measure the shear bond strength (SBS) of stainless steel brackets bonded to different ceramic surfaces, to compare the SBS of the different ceramics with each other and with conventional ceramo-metal porcelains, and to determine the mode of failure for each group following debonding. A total of 60 ceramic crowns were constructed on extracted teeth and divided into three equal groups as follows: In-Ceram ceramic crowns, IPS-Impress ceramic crowns, and conventional ceramo-metal porcelain. Standard edgewise metal premolar brackets were bonded to the prepared porcelain surfaces. After bonding, all samples were tested in shear mode on an Instron universal testing machine. Statistical analysis was undertaken using analysis of variance, LSD, and chi-squared tests. The results showed that the SBS for the ceramo-metal and the In-Ceram groups were comparable, with mean values of 80.54 +/- 13.44 N and 78.87 +/- 13.47 N, respectively. The IPS-Impress group showed the weakest SBS which averaged 67.40 +/- 8.99 N. This was significantly lower than that of the conventional ceramo-metal porcelain (P ceramo-metal group was between the porcelain surface and adhesive and in the other two ceramic groups, between the brackets and adhesive (P < 0.001). The SBS of orthodontic brackets to the three tested ceramic surfaces were adequate for orthodontic use. PMID:17702799

Abu Alhaija, Elham S J; Al-Wahadni, Ahed M S

2007-08-01

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Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets to enamel under different surface treatment conditions  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the shear bond strength to enamel and the adhesive remnant index (ARI of both metallic and polycarbonate brackets bonded under different conditions. Ninety bovine permanent mandibular incisors were embedded in acrylic resin using PVC rings as molds and assigned to 6 groups (n=15. In Groups 1 (control and 3, metallic and polycarbonate orthodontic brackets were, respectively, bonded to the enamel surfaces using Transbond XT composite according to the manufacturer's recommendations. In Groups 2 and 4, both types of brackets were bonded to enamel with Transbond XT composite, but XT primer was replaced by the OrthoPrimer agent. In Groups 5 and 6, the polycarbonate bracket bases were sandblasted with 50-mm aluminum-oxide particle stream and bonded to the enamel surfaces prepared under the same conditions described in Groups 3 and 4, respectively. After bonding, the specimens were stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 hours and then submitted to shear bond strength test at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The results (MPa showed no statistically significant difference between Groups 4 and 6 (p>0.05. Likewise, no statistically significant differences (p>0.05 were found among Groups 1, 2, and 5, although their results were significantly lower than those of Groups 4 and 6 (p<0.05. Group 3 had statistically significant lower bond strength than Groups 2, 4, and 6, but no statistically significant differences were found on comparison to Groups 1 and 5. A larger number of fractures at the bracket/composite interface were evidenced by the ARI scores. OrthoPrimer bonding agent yielded higher bond strength in the groups using either conventional or sandblasted polycarbonate brackets, which was not observed in the groups using metallic brackets.

Matheus Melo Pithon

2007-04-01

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Comparative Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets on Pretreatment with CPPACP, Fluor Protector and Phosflur: An In-vitro Study.  

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Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate bond strength, bracket tooth interface of Orthodontic brackets that are bonded for fixed Orthodontic treatment procedure on pretreatment with CPPACP, Fluor Protector and Phosflur. The goal is to assess the adhesive remnants following application of these remineralizing agents using Adhesive Remnant Index. Materials and Methods: Two hundred freshly extracted premolar teeth each divided into Control, CPP-ACP, Fluor Protector and Phosflur. Teeth were pretreated with these agents prior to bonding procedure. Shear Bond Strength was tested using a Universal Testing Machine. A jig was attached to upper jaw of the machine. The acrylic block containing the embedded teeth was secured in the lower jaw of the machine such that the bracket base of the teeth parallel the direction of the shear force at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/minute until bracket failure. The force required to dislodge the bracket was recorded. Results: Mean Shear bond strength value is highest for Phosflur (15.3658 ± 2.4546 ) followed by Fluor Protector , CPP-ACP and lowest for Control (7.0462 ± 0.8838 MPa). Conclusion: Phosflur, Fluor protector,CPP-ACP have comparable Shear bond strength values in comparison to control. PMID:24995233

Mishra, Sumita

2014-05-01

68

Orthodontic brackets in high field MR imaging: experimental evaluation of magnetic field interactions at 3.0 tesla; Kieferorthopaedische Brackets in der Hochfeld-Magnetresonanz-Tomographie: Experimentelle Beurteilung magnetischer Anziehungs- und Rotationskraefte bei 3 Tesla  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To evaluate static magnetic field interactions for 32 commonly used orthodontic brackets in a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system. Materials and methods: 32 orthodontic brackets consisting of a steel alloy (n=27), a cobalt-chromium alloy (n=2), ceramic (n=1), ceramic with a steel slot (n=1), and titanium (n=1) from 13 different manufacturers were tested for magnetic field interactions in a static magnetic field at 3.0 T (Gyroscan Intera 3.0 T, Philips Medical Systems, Best, Netherlands). The magnetic deflection force F{sub Z} [mN] was evaluated by determining the deflection angle {beta}[ ] using the established deflection angle test according to the ASTM guidelines. The magnetic-field-induced rotational force F{sub rot} or torque was qualitatively determined using a 5-point grading scale (0: no torque; +4: very strong torque). Results: In 18 of the 32 brackets, the deflection angle {beta} was found to be > 45 and the translational force exceeded the gravitational force F{sub G} on the particular bracket (F{sub Z}: 1.2-45.7 mN). The translational force F{sub Z} was found to be up to 68.5 times greater than the gravitational force F{sub G} (F{sub Z}/F{sub G}: 1.4-68.5). The rotational force F{sub rot} was correspondingly high (+3/+4) for those brackets. For the remaining 14 objects, the deflection angles were < 45 and the torque measurements ranged from 0 to +2. The static magnetic field did not affect the titanium bracket and the ceramic bracket. No measurable translational and rotational forces were found. (orig.)

Kemper, J.; Adam, G. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany); Klocke, A.; Kahl-Nieke, B. [Poliklinik fuer Kieferorthopaedie, Universitaetsklinikum Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany)

2005-12-15

69

Effect of fluoride solutions on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets after pre-treatment with different fluoride solutions. This study used 48 freshly extracted sound bovine incisors that were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups (n=12). CG: (control) without treatment; NF: 4 min application of neutral fluoride; APF: application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) for 4 min; and SFV: application of 5% sodium fluoride varnish for 6 h. For each group, after surface treatment, prophylaxis of enamel and bracket bonding with Transbond XT composite resin (3M) were performed following the manufacturer's specifications. The shear bond strength was performed with a universal testing machine 24 h after fixing the brackets. The tooth surfaces were analyzed to verify the adhesive remnant index (ARI). Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). There was statistically significant difference among the groups (p0.05). The analysis of ARI scores revealed that most failures occurred at the enamel-resin interface. It may be concluded that the pre-treatment of enamel with 1.23% APF and 5% SFV prior to fixing orthodontic brackets reduces shear bond strength values. PMID:23338263

Leódido, Gabriela da Rocha; Fernandes, Hianna Oliveira; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Bandéca, Matheus Coêlho; Firoozmand, Leily Macedo

2012-01-01

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Comparative in vitro study of the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with restorative and orthodontic resins  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with different restorative systems and compare it with that afforded by an established orthodontic bonding system. Seventy human bicuspids were used, divided into five different groups with 14 teeth each. Whereas a specific orthodontic bonding resin (TransbondTM XT) was used in the control group, the restorative systems Charisma, Tetric Ceram, TPH Spectrum and Z100 were used in the other four groups. Seven days a...

Hassan Isber; Aldrieli Regina Ambrosio; Paulo Eduardo Guedes Carvalho; Karyna Martins do Valle-Corotti; Danilo Furquim Siqueira

2011-01-01

71

Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded using halogen light and light-emitting diode at different debond times  

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The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the photoactivation effects of QTH (Quartz-Tungsten-Halogen) and LED (Light-Emitting Diode) on the SBS (Shear Bond Strength) of orthodontic brackets at different debond times. Seventy-two bovine lower incisors were randomly divided into two groups according to the photoactivation system used (QTH or LED). The enamel surfaces were conditioned with Transbond self-etching primer, and APC (Adhesive Pre-Coated) brackets were used in all specimens. Grou...

Rebeca Di Nicoló; Maria Amelia Maximo de Araujo; Levy Anderson César Alves; Souza, Rodrigo Othavio Assunc?a?o E.; Daniel Maranha da Rocha

2010-01-01

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Hypersensitivity to conventional and to nickel-free orthodontic brackets Hipersensibilidade a bráquetes ortodônticos convencionais e a bráquetes "nickel-free"  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the allergenic potential of orthodontic brackets, comparing the cutaneous sensitivity provoked by metals present in conventional metallic brackets to that provoked by brackets with a low concentration of nickel, known as "nickel-free". A sample was selected from 400 patients undergoing treatment in the orthodontic clinic of the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil), in the period from the beginning of 2002 to the end ...

Mariele Cristina Garcia Pantuzo; Elton Gonçalves Zenóbio; Helenice de Andrade Marigo; Madelon Aparecida Fernandes Zenóbio

2007-01-01

73

Recycling stainless steel orthodontic brackets with Er:YAG laser - An environmental scanning electron microscope and shear bond strength study  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: To determine the efficiency of erbium: Yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser with Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) and shear bond strength analysis as a method of recycling stainless steel orthodontic brackets and compare with other methods of recycling. Materials and Methods: Eighty samples of extracted premolar teeth bonded to SS brackets were tested for rebonded shear bond strength after recycling by four methods and compared with a control group of 20 samples. These 80 samples were randomized into four groups which were recycled by four methods, namely, sandblasting, thermal method, adhesive grinding by tungsten carbide bur, and Er: YAG laser method. After recycling, ESEM and shear bond strength analysis were used to analyze the efficiency of the recycling methods Results: Er: YAG laser group was found to be having the greatest bond strength among the recycled brackets (8.33±2.51 followed by the sandblasting at 6.12±1.12 MPa, thermal and electropolishing at 4.44±0.95 MPa, and lastly the adhesive grinding method at 3.08±1.07 MPa. The shear bond strength of Er: YAG laser group was found to be having no statistically significant difference with that of the control group (P>0.05 and had statistical signifance with sandblasting, thermal and electropolishing and adhesive grinding groups at P>0.001. ESEM analysis showed complete removal of adhesive from the brackets recycled with Er: YAG laser which mimicked that of the control group. Conclusion: Er: YAG laser (2940 nm) was found to be the most efficient method for recycling, followed by the sandblasting, thermal, and the tungsten carbide methods, which had the least shear bond strength value and is not fit for clinical usage.

Chacko, Prince K; Kodoth, Jithesh; John, Jacob; Kumar, Kishore

2013-01-01

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Friction between different wire bracket combinations in artificial saliva: an in vitro evaluation  

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OBJECTIVE: The objective this work was to assess the friction coefficient between brackets and wires of different materials under conditions simulating the oral environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Stainless steel (SS) and titanium-molybdenum alloy (TMA) wires of 0.019x0.025-in diameter (American Orthodontics) and polycarbonate bracket (American Orthodontics), ceramic bracket (American Orthodontics), and metal bracket (3M Unitek) with slots of 0.022x0.030-in were used. The friction coefficient ...

2011-01-01

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Microleakage under Orthodontic Metal Brackets Bonded with Three Different Bonding Techniques with/without Thermocycling  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the microleakage of beneath the orthodontic brackets bonded with 3 different bonding techniques and evaluate the effect of thermocycling. Methods: One hundred and twenty premolars were randomly divided into 6 groups, received the following treatment: group 1: 37% phosphoric acid gel+Unite primer+Unite adhesive, group 2: 37% phosphoric acid gel+ Transbond XT primer+Transbond XT adhesive, group 3: Transbond plus Self Etching Primer (TSEP+Transbond XT adhesive. Groups 4, 5, and 6 were similar to groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Evaluation of microleakage was done following to thermocycling test. After bonding, the specimens were sealed with nail varnish except for 1 mm around the brackets and then stained with 0.5% basic fuchsine. The specimens were sectioned at buccolingual direction in 2 parallel planes and evaluated under a stereomicroscope to determine the amount of microleakage at bracket-adhesive and adhesive-enamel interfaces from gingival and occlusal margins. Results: Microleakage was observed in all groups, and increased significantly after thermocycling at some interfaces of Unite adhesive group and conventional etching+Transbond XT adhesive group, but the increase was not significant in any interface of TSEP group. With or without thermocycling, TSEP displayed more microleakage than other groups. In most groups, microleakage at gingival margin was significantly higher than occlusal margin. Conclusion: Thermocycling and type of bonding technique significantly affect the amount of microleakage.

Berahman Sabzevari

2013-12-01

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Comparison of friction produced by two types of orthodontic bracket protectors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: o aparelho ortodôntico fixo é considerado um fator causador de traumas na mucosa bucal. Com o intuito de controlar o desconforto no tecido mole, diversos ortodontistas recomendam a utilização de uma pequena quantidade de cera utilidade sobre os braquetes como forma de proteção. Esse es [...] tudo teve como objetivo avaliar, in vitro, o atrito gerado por dois tipos de protetores de braquetes (protetor de acetato e de resina - PPA e PRT) durante os estágios iniciais do tratamento ortodôntico. MÉTODOS: o atrito gerado pelos protetores no fio ortodôntico foi avaliado em unidades de teste de modelos experimentais. Esses modelos foram ligados a uma máquina de ensaios mecânicos que simulava o alinhamento do canino superior. A comparação intergrupos foi realizada pela ANOVA, com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: a fricção apresentada pelo grupo PRT foi estatisticamente maior do que a do grupo controle ao nível de 6mm. Para o atrito máximo, a média do grupo PRT foi estatisticamente maior do que a dos grupos controle e PPA. CONCLUSÃO: o protetor de acetato demonstrou não interferir no atrito entre o fio e a ranhura do braquete ortodôntico. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Fixed orthodontic appliances have been regarded as a common causative factor of oral lesions. To manage soft tissue discomfort, most orthodontists recommend using a small amount of utility wax over the brackets in order to alleviate trauma. This in vitro study aimed at evaluating fri [...] ction generated by two types of bracket protectors (customized acetate protector [CAP] and temporary resin protector [TRP]) during the initial stages of orthodontic treatment. METHODS: An experimental model (test unit) was used to assess friction. In order to measure the friction produced in each test, the model was attached to a mechanical testing machine which simulated maxillary canines alignment. Intergroup comparison was carried out by one-way ANOVA with level of significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The friction presented by the TRP group was statistically higher than that of the control group at 6 mm. It was also higher than in the control and CAP groups in terms of maximum friction. CONCLUSION: The customized acetate protector (CAP) demonstrated not to interfere in friction between the wire and the orthodontic bracket slot.

Steyner de Lima, Mendonça; Otávio José, Praxedes Neto; Patricia Teixeira de, Oliveira; Patricia Bittencourt Dutra dos, Santos; Fábio Henrique de Sá Leitão, Pinheiro.

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Comparison of shear bond strength of orthodontics brackets on composite resin restorations with different surface treatments  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: frequentemente, os pacientes ortodônticos apresentam restaurações de resina composta; no entanto, existem poucos estudos que avaliam a melhor forma de colagem ortodôntica nessa situação. OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a força adesiva de braquetes ortodônticos em re [...] staurações resinosas com tratamento de superfície. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 51 incisivos inferiores bovinos divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos. No grupo controle (GC), os braquetes foram colados em esmalte dentário; nos grupos experimentais com tratamento (GCT) e sem tratamento (GST), os braquetes foram colados em restauração de resina previamente realizada, diferenciando-se pelo tratamento de superfície com broca diamantada. Os dentes foram incluídos em tubos de PVC com resina acrílica autopolimerizável. O ensaio de cisalhamento foi executado em máquina universal de ensaios Emic. Os grupos foram submetidos à ANOVA com pós-teste de Tukey para verificação da diferença estatística entre os grupos (? = 0,05). RESULTADOS: GC (6,62MPa) e GCT (6,82MPa) apresentaram resultados semelhantes, enquanto o GST (5,07MPa) obteve resultados estatisticamente menores (p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic patients frequently present composite resin restorations, however there are few studies that evaluate the best way for orthodontic bonding in this situation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to evaluate the bond strength of orthodontic brackets in resin restoration [...] s with surface treatment. METHODS: Fifty one bovine lower incisors were randomly divided into three groups. On the control group (CG) the brackets were bonded to dental enamel; on experimental groups, brackets were bonded to resin restoration with diamond drill treatment (EGT) and with no treatment (EGN). The teeth were placed in PVC tubes with autopolymerized acrylic resin. The shear test was performed in EMIC universal testing machine. The groups were submitted to ANOVA analysis of variance with Tukey post test to verify the statistical difference between groups (? = 0.05). RESULTS: CG (6.62 MPa) and EGT (6.82 MPa) groups presented similar results, while EGN (5.07 MPa) obtained statistically lower results (p

Ribeiro, Alexandre Antonio; Morais, Ariane Vicente de; Brunetto, Daniel Paludo; Ruellas, Antonio Carlos de Oliveira; Araujo, Monica Tirre Souza de.

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Properties of Composite Materials Used for Bracket Bonding  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento no esmalte, resistência flexural, módulo flexural, tensão de contração de polimerização de duas resinas flow e uma resina ortodôntica. Os bráquetes ortodônticos foram colados em 4 [...] 5 pré-molares humanos e divididos: Transbond XT, Filtek Z-350 flow, Opallis flow e testado para resistência ao cisalhamento (n=15). Para a resistência e módulo flexural espécimes foram confeccionados e testados sob flexão. Para o teste de tensão de contração de polimerização, espécimes cilíndricos foram confeccionados e monitorados com um extensômetro (Instron). Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA a um critério e Tukey (?=0,05) para contraste de média. (n=15). A resistência de união das resinas flow foram significantemente menos que o da resina ortodôntica (p>0,05). A resistência flexural não demonstrou diferença significante entre os grupos testados (p>0,05). O módulo flexural da resina ortodôntica foi significantemente maior que o grupo das resinas flow (p<0,05). A tensão de contração de polimerização da resina ortodôntica foi significantemente menor (p<0,05). A resina ortodôntica obteve os maiores valores de resistência de união ao cisalhamento, resistência flexural e a menor tensão de contração de polimerização quando comparada as resinas flow testadas. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the shear bond strength to enamel, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and contraction stress of one orthodontic composite and two flowable composites. Orthodontic brackets were bonded to 45 human maxillary premolars with the composites Transbond X [...] T, Filtek Z-350 flow and Opallis flow and tested for shear bond strength. For measurement of flexural strength and flexural modulus, specimens were fabricated and tested under flexion. For the contraction stress test, cylindrical specimens were tested and an extensometer determined the height of the specimens. The data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). The shear bond strength values were significantly lower (p<0.05) for the flowable composites compared with the orthodontic composite. For the flexural strength, no statistically significant difference was found among the composites (p>0.05) while the flexural modulus was significantly higher (p<0.05) for Transbond XT than for Filtek Z-350 flow and Opallis flow. The orthodontic composite presented significantly lower contraction stress values than the flowable composites (p<0.05). The light-activated orthodontic composite material presented higher flexural modulus and shear bond strength and lower contraction stress than both flowable composites.

Gama, Ana Caroline Silva; Moraes, Andre Guaraci de Vito; Yamasaki, Lilyan Cardoso; Loguercio, Alessandro Dourado; Carvalho, Ceci Nunes; Bauer, Jose.

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Effects of surface treatment and artificial aging on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to four different provisional restorations.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the combined effects of material type, surface treatment, and thermocycling on the bond strength of orthodontic brackets to materials used for the fabrication of provisional crowns. Materials and Methods: Four materials were included in this study (ProTemp, Trim Plus, Trim II, and Superpont C+B). Sixty cylindrical specimens (1 × 3 cm) were prepared from each material and equally divided into three groups. The first group was ground with silica carbide paper, the second was polished with pumice, and the last group was sandblasted with 50-µm aluminum oxide particles. Stainless-steel maxillary central incisor brackets (Victory Series, 3M) were bonded to the provisional material specimens with Transbond XT light-cured composite resin, and half of the specimens from each group were thermocycled 500 times in 5°C and 55°C water baths. Then the brackets were debonded with shear testing, and the results were statistically analyzed by three-way analysis of variance and Tukey's multiple-comparison tests at ? ?=? 0.05. Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was also identified. Results: Before and after thermocycling, ProTemp materials showed the highest shear bond strength with orthodontic brackets (10.3 and 13.1 MPa, respectively). The statistical analysis indicated an interaction among the three independent variables (P < .05) and statistically significant differences in bond strength among provisional materials (P < .001), surface treatments (P < .001), and thermocycling (P < .05). According to the ARI, most groups demonstrated adhesive failure. Conclusions: The provisional material type, surface treatment, and artificial aging have a significant effect on bond strength. Sandblasting treatment exerts a beneficial effect on shear bond strength. PMID:24446920

Al Jabbari, Youssef S; Al Taweel, Sara M; Al Rifaiy, Mohammed; Alqahtani, Mohammed Q; Koutsoukis, Theodoros; Zinelis, Spiros

2014-07-01

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Effect of Fast Curing Lights, Argon Laser, and Plasma Arc on Bond Strengths of Orthodontic Brackets: An In Vitro Study  

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Full Text Available Objective: Nowadays light-cured composites are used widely by orthodontists to bond brackets. As these composites require 20-40 seconds time per tooth to be light cured, more chair-time in needed compared to self-cured composites. In recent years, the argon laser and plasma arc lights have been introduced in dentistry to reduce this curing time. The purpose of this study was to compare bond strength of brackets bonded with the argon la-ser and plasma arc light with those bonded with the conventional halogen light.Materials and Methods: Fifty-one intact human premolars were randomly divided into three groups of 17 teeth each. Stainless steel twin premolar brackets (018- in Dyna lock, 3M Unitek were bonded to the teeth using one of these curing devices in each group: the halogen unit (Coltolux 75, Switzerland, the argon laser unit (Bo-5, Iran , and the plasma arc unit (Remecure 15, Belgium. The orthodontic adhesive was the same in the three groups (Transbond XT, 3M Unitek. After thermal cycling, the diametral tensilebond strength of specimens was measured using a debonding plier in a Zwick Universal Testing machine (Z/100, Germany.Results: The mean bond strengths was 17.344 MPa (SD=4.567 for halogen 19.172 MPa(SD=6.328 for laser and 19.322 MPa (SD=4.036 for plasma arc groups. No statistically significant difference existed in the mean bond strengths among three groups.Conclusion: Argon laser lights, significantly reducing the curing time of orthodonticbrackets without affecting bond strength, have the potential to be considered as advanta-geous alternatives to conventional halogen light.

M. Hashem-Hoseini

2008-12-01

 
 
 
 
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The effect of using a new experimental self-etch primer/adhesive on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets: a comparative study.  

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Full Text Available Conventional adhesive systems use three different agents, an enamel conditioner, a primer solution, and an adhesive resin during the bonding of orthodontic brackets to enamel. A unique characteristic of some new bonding systems in operative dentistry, is that they combine the conditioning and priming agents into a single application. Combining conditioning and priming saves time and should be more cost-effective to the clinician and indirectly to the patient. AIM: To assess and compare the effects of using two self-etch primers including an experimental one, on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. DESIGN: In vitro study. SETTING: College of Dentistry, University of Iowa. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The brackets were bonded to extracted human teeth according to one of three protocols; Group I (Control: Teeth were etched with 37% phosphoric acid. After applying the sealant, the brackets were bonded with Transbond XT (3M Unitek, Monrovia, California, USA and light cured for 20 seconds. Group II: A self-etch acidic primer (ESPE Dental AG, Seefeld, Germany was placed on the enamel for 15 seconds and gently evaporated with air as suggested by the manufacturer. The brackets were then bonded with Transbond XT as in the first group. Group III: A new experimental self-etch primer EXL# 547 (3M ESPE, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, was rubbed on the enamel for 10 seconds and left to stand for 20 seconds before it was air-dried and then light cured for 10 seconds. The brackets were then bonded as in groups I and II RESULTS: The present in vitro findings indicated that the shear bond strengths of the three groups were significantly different (P=0.018. Duncan multiple range tests indicated that Prompt L-Pop had a significantly lower (mean = 7.1 ± 4.4 MPa shear bond strength than both the new EXL# 547 self- etch primer (mean = 9.7 ± 3.7 MPa or phosphoric acid and the conventional adhesive system ( mean = 10.4 ± 2.8 MPa. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicated that the newly introduced self-etch primers, containing both the enamel etchant and primer have the potential to be successfully used in bonding orthodontic brackets.

S. E. Bishara

2002-01-01

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Are torque values of preadjusted brackets precise?  

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to verify the torque precision of metallic brackets with MBT prescription using the canine brackets as the representative sample of six commercial brands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty maxillary and 20 mandibular canine brackets of one of the following commercial brands were selected: 3M Unitek, Abzil, American Orthodontics, TP Orthodontics, Morelli and Ortho Organizers. The torque angle, established by reference points and lines, was measured by an ...

2011-01-01

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The effect of herbal teas on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.  

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The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of some types of herbal tea on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets to enamel surfaces. The brackets were bonded with Transbond XT to 90 extracted human premolar teeth and divided equally into six groups, that is, black, mint-mate herbal, mint-lemon herbal, and rosehip fruit tea and two control groups, Coca-Cola and distilled water. All groups were conditioned for three 5-minute sessions with equal intervening intervals for 90 days. The initial pH, SBS, and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of the groups were evaluated and the data were analysed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U-tests, one-way analysis of variance, and Duncan and Z-tests, respectively. Rosehip fruit tea (2.4 +/- 0.07) and Coca-Cola (2.5 +/- 0.05) had the lowest pH values. Coca-Cola (6.04 +/- 1.11 MPa) and rosehip fruit tea (7.26 +/- 1.11 MPa) significantly reduced the SBS to enamel (P 0.05). Except for the Coca-Cola group (ARI score = 0), fracture sites for all other groups were similar with the majority of bond failures at the enamel-adhesive interface (ARI score = 1). Although this experiment could not completely replicate the complex oral environment, it seems to confirm that Coca-Cola and rosehip fruit tea may be a causative factor in bracket-enamel bonding failure. PMID:19336626

Ulusoy, Cagri; Müjdeci, Arzu; Gökay, Osman

2009-08-01

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Effect of fluoride solutions on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi o de avaliar in vitro a resistência adesiva de bráquetes após o pré-tratamento do esmalte com diferentes soluções fluoretadas. Foram utilizados 48 incisivos bovinos hígidos recém-extraídos que foram aleatoriamente divididos em 4 grupos experimentais (n=12). CG (controle): [...] sem tratamento; FN: aplicação de flúor neutro por 4 min; FFA: aplicação de flúor fosfato acidulado (FFA) a 1,23% por 4 min; e VFS: aplicação de verniz de fluoreto de sódio a 5% por 6 h. Após o tratamento dos grupos, foi realizada a profilaxia do esmalte e os bráquetes foram fixados utilizando o compósito Transbond XT (3M), seguindo as especificações do fabricante. A resistência adesiva foi verificada através do teste de cisalhamento, realizado na Máquina de Ensaio Universal DL-2000 24 h após a fixação dos bráquetes. As superfícies dos dentes foram analisadas para verificação do índice de adesivo remanescente (IAR). Por meio dos testes estatísticos ANOVA e Tukey (?=5%), observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos estudados (p0,05). A análise dos escores do IAR revelou que grande parte das falhas ocorreram na interface esmalte-resina. Conclui-se que o tratamento do esmalte com FFA 1,23% e VFS a 5%, previamente à fixação de bráquetes ortodônticos, reduziu os valores de resistência adesiva ao cisalhamento Abstract in english The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets after pre-treatment with different fluoride solutions. This study used 48 freshly extracted sound bovine incisors that were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups (n=12). CG: (control) without treatment; NF: 4 min [...] application of neutral fluoride; APF: application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) for 4 min; and SFV: application of 5% sodium fluoride varnish for 6 h. For each group, after surface treatment, prophylaxis of enamel and bracket bonding with Transbond XT composite resin (3M) were performed following the manufacturer's specifications. The shear bond strength was performed with a universal testing machine 24 h after fixing the brackets. The tooth surfaces were analyzed to verify the adhesive remnant index (ARI). Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (?=0.05). There was statistically significant difference among the groups (p0.05). The analysis of ARI scores revealed that most failures occurred at the enamel-resin interface. It may be concluded that the pre-treatment of enamel with 1.23% APF and 5% SFV prior to fixing orthodontic brackets reduces shear bond strength values.

Gabriela da Rocha, Leódido; Hianna Oliveira, Fernandes; Mateus Rodrigues, Tonetto; Cristina Dupim, Presoto; Matheus Coêlho, Bandéca; Leily Macedo, Firoozmand.

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An Investigation about the Influence of Bleaching on Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets and on Enamel Colour  

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The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of bleaching on the colouration of tooth enamel and shear bond strength of orthodontic ceramic brackets based upon current whitening practice. The bleaching and bonding techniques were performed on extracted bovine teeth for the investigation of their colorimetric spectrum and the adhesive bond strength on surface enamel. One group was designated as the control group with no pre-treatment. Another group was treated with a 45% hydrogen peroxid...

Immerz, Isabell; Proff, Peter; Roemer, Piero; Reicheneder, Claudia; Faltermeier, Andreas

2012-01-01

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Microhardness of Enamel Adjacent to Orthodontic Brackets After CO2 Laser Irradiation and Fluoride Application  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este estudo avaliou a eficácia do laser de CO2, associado ou não à aplicação de flúor na microdureza superficial do esmalte dentário adjacente a bráquetes ortodônticos. Foram selecionados 15 molares humanos, dos quais 30 fragmentos de esmalte com 4 mm2 fo [...] ram obtidos. Os fragmentos foram incluídos em tubos de PVC, contendo resina acrílica, preparados usando lixas d'água e discos de feltro e alumina. Bráquetes ortodônticos cortados ao meio foram colados no esmalte e 3 leituras de microdureza foram realizadas na superfície adjacente: inicial, após desafio cariogênico e final. Os espécimes foram divididos em 3 grupos (n=10): Grupo C - Controle, Grupo L - irradiado com laser de CO2 e Grupo FL - aplicação tópica de flúor e irradiação com laser de CO2. Após leitura inicial, os espécimes foram colocados em solução desmineralizadora por 32 h e a segunda leitura foi realizada para verificar se desmineralização foi uniforme em todos os grupos. Após os tratamentos, os espécimes foram submetidos a ciclagem DES-RE durante 8 dias seguida da leitura da microdureza superficial final. Os dados foram analisdos estatisticamente utilizando ANOVA e o teste de Duncan (?=0,05). Na mensuração final o grupo FL obteve maior valor de microdureza que os grupos C e L (p<0,05). Os grupos L e FL foram estatisticamente superiores ao grupo C (p<0,05). A irradiação de laser de CO2 ao redor de bráquetes ortodônticos combinadas ou não à aplicação tópica de flúor foi eficaz no aumento da microdureza superficial do esmalte. Abstract in english This study evaluated the effectiveness of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser combined or not with fluoride application on the surface microhardness of enamel adjacent to orthodontic brackets. Fifteen human molars were selected from which 30 enamel fragments measuring 4 mm2 were obtained. The fragments were [...] embedded in PCV tubes with acrylic resin and prepared using water abrasive paper, felt disks and alumina. Orthodontic brackets cut in half were bonded to enamel and 3 microhardness readings were performed on the adjacent surface, as follows: initial, after cariogenic challenge and final. The specimens were divided into the following 3 groups (n=10): Group C: control, Group L: irradiated with CO2 laser, and Group FL: topical fluoride application and CO2 laser irradiation. After initial reading, the specimens were placed in a demineralizing solution for 32 h and the second reading was to verify if demineralization was uniform in all groups. After the treatments, the specimens were submitted to DES-RE cycling for 8 days followed by final surface microhardness reading. The data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and Duncan test (?=0.05). At the final measurement Group FL obtained higher microhardness value than Groups C and L (p<0.05). Groups L and FL were statistically superior to Group C (p<0.05). Irradiation with CO2 laser around orthodontic brackets combined or not with topical fluoride application was effective to increase the surface microhardness of enamel.

Stangler, Leonardo Pucci; Romano, Fabio Lourenco; Shirozaki, Mariana Umekita; Galo, Rodrigo; Afonso, Alessandra Marques Correa; Borsatto, Maria Cristina; Matsumoto, Mirian Aiko Nakane.

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Comparative in vitro study of the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with restorative and orthodontic resins  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with different restorative systems and compare it with that afforded by an established orthodontic bonding system. Seventy human bicuspids were used, divided into five different groups with 14 teeth each. Whereas a specific orthodontic bonding resin (TransbondTM XT was used in the control group, the restorative systems Charisma, Tetric Ceram, TPH Spectrum and Z100 were used in the other four groups. Seven days after bonding the brackets to the samples, shear forces were applied under pressure in a universal testing machine. The data collected was evaluated using the ANOVA test and, when a difference was identified, the Tukey test was applied. A 5% level of significance was adopted. The mean results of the shear bond strength tests were as follows: Group 1 (Charisma, 14.98 MPa; Group 2 (Tetric Ceram, 15.16 MPa; Group 3 (TPH, 17.70 MPa; Group 4 (Z100, 13.91 MPa; and Group 5 or control group (TransbondTM XT, 17.15 MPa. No statistically significant difference was found among the groups. It was concluded that all tested resins have sufficient bond strength to be recommended for bonding orthodontic brackets.

Hassan Isber

2011-02-01

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Comparative in vitro study of the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with restorative and orthodontic resins.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with different restorative systems and compare it with that afforded by an established orthodontic bonding system. Seventy human bicuspids were used, divided into five different groups with 14 teeth each. Whereas a specific orthodontic bonding resin (Transbond™ XT) was used in the control group, the restorative systems Charisma, Tetric Ceram, TPH Spectrum and Z100 were used in the other four groups. Seven days after bonding the brackets to the samples, shear forces were applied under pressure in a universal testing machine. The data collected was evaluated using the ANOVA test and, when a difference was identified, the Tukey test was applied. A 5% level of significance was adopted. The mean results of the shear bond strength tests were as follows: Group 1 (Charisma), 14.98 MPa; Group 2 (Tetric Ceram), 15.16 MPa; Group 3 (TPH), 17.70 MPa; Group 4 (Z100), 13.91 MPa; and Group 5 or control group (Transbond™ XT), 17.15 MPa. No statistically significant difference was found among the groups. It was concluded that all tested resins have sufficient bond strength to be recommended for bonding orthodontic brackets. PMID:21359451

Isber, Hassan; Ambrosio, Aldrieli Regina; Carvalho, Paulo Eduardo Guedes; Valle-Corotti, Karyna Martins do; Siqueira, Danilo Furquim

2011-01-01

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Comparative in vitro study of the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with restorative and orthodontic resins  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with different restorative systems and compare it with that afforded by an established orthodontic bonding system. Seventy human bicuspids were used, divided into five different groups with 14 teeth each. Whereas a spec [...] ific orthodontic bonding resin (TransbondTM XT) was used in the control group, the restorative systems Charisma, Tetric Ceram, TPH Spectrum and Z100 were used in the other four groups. Seven days after bonding the brackets to the samples, shear forces were applied under pressure in a universal testing machine. The data collected was evaluated using the ANOVA test and, when a difference was identified, the Tukey test was applied. A 5% level of significance was adopted. The mean results of the shear bond strength tests were as follows: Group 1 (Charisma), 14.98 MPa; Group 2 (Tetric Ceram), 15.16 MPa; Group 3 (TPH), 17.70 MPa; Group 4 (Z100), 13.91 MPa; and Group 5 or control group (TransbondTM XT), 17.15 MPa. No statistically significant difference was found among the groups. It was concluded that all tested resins have sufficient bond strength to be recommended for bonding orthodontic brackets.

Isber, Hassan; Ambrosio, Aldrieli Regina; Carvalho, Paulo Eduardo Guedes; Valle-Corotti, Karyna Martins do; Siqueira, Danilo Furquim.

90

Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with light-emitting diode curing units at various polymerization times.  

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Light emitting diode (LED) light-curing units have recently been used to polymerize resin-based orthodontic adhesives, and preliminary studies indicate their use has been successful. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to enamel and the duration of photopolymerization with LEDs and conventional quartz-tungsten-halogen light-curing units. Three LED light-curing units (GC e-light, GC America, Alsip, Ill; Elipar FreeLight, 3M ESPE Dental Products, St Paul, Minn; and UltraLume LED 2, Ultradent Products, South Jordan, Utah) and 1 halogen-based light-curing unit (Ortholux XT, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) were evaluated. Two hundred forty metal orthodontic brackets were bonded to extracted molars. Specimens were divided into 12 groups of 20 teeth each. Each group was cured with a different light-curing unit for 40, 20, or 10 seconds. The specimens were stored in water at 37 degrees C for 24 hours and then subjected to a shear force with a universal testing machine until bracket failure. Two-way ANOVA detected significantly weaker mean shear bond strength with the GC e-light at 10 and 40 seconds (PLED 2 at 40 seconds (P<.001). All experimental groups had laboratory mean shear bond strengths greater than 8 MPa, even with a 10-second cure. PMID:15014411

Swanson, Timothy; Dunn, William J; Childers, Darrell E; Taloumis, Louis J

2004-03-01

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Quantifying enamel demineralization from teeth with orthodontic brackets--a comparison of two methods. Part 1: repeatability and agreement.  

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The aim of this investigation was to compare the repeatability of measuring enamel demineralization surrounding an orthodontic bracket using two techniques: computerized image analysis from digitally converted photographic slides and quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). Fifteen human molars were halved and shaped to look like incisors. The teeth were individually numbered and orthodontic brackets bonded to the buccal surface. The crowns were covered with acid resistant varnish, except for windows approximately 1.5 x 3 mm adjacent to the gingival, occlusal, mesial, and distal edges of the bracket. The windows were variously exposed to a demineralizing gel for 0, 3, 7, or 14 days, and the acid resistant varnish was removed. Standardized photographic slides and QLF images of the teeth were taken. These were repeated after 1 week. The slides were converted to grey scale digital format and analysed using Image-Pro Plus 3.0. The QLF images were stored, processed, and analysed using customized software. All images were recoded for blind analysis. The four surfaces of the bracket were inspected and only areas of suspected demineralization were analysed. This was repeated after 1 week. The limits of agreement and mean difference between repeat readings of the area of demineralization were similar for both techniques (-0.04 +/- 0.43 for photographs and -0.10 +/- 0.63 for QLF). Mean grey level (photographs) and mean loss of fluorescence from that area (deltaF) (QLF) showed acceptable limits of agreement. The Intra Class Correlation (ICC) was below 0.81 for the measurement of area from QLF, suggesting that random error needs to be reduced. There was evidence of systematic bias for the repeat readings of the grey levels from the photographs (P < 0.001). Enamel demineralization surrounding an orthodontic bracket can be measured reproducibly using these two techniques. PMID:12737213

Benson, Philip E; Pender, Neil; Higham, Susan M

2003-04-01

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Evaluation of the effects of CO2 laser on debonding of orthodontics porcelain brackets vs. the conventional method.  

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Debonding of ceramic brackets due to their high bond strength and low fracture toughness is one of the clinician's complications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a laser on shear bond strength, site of debonding, and ARI index during debonding of ceramic brackets and then compare it to the conventional method used for this procedure. Thirty polycrystalline alumina (G & H Series, Germany) brackets were bonded to 30 intact extracted first and second maxillary premolars and stored in a 1% thymol solution. A chemically cured orthodontic composite resin (No-mix, Unitek, USA) was used for bonding the brackets to the enamel surface on all teeth. All brackets were positioned 4 mm from the incisal edge of the teeth with an orthodontic bracket-positioning device. Then the teeth with bonded brackets were embedded in auto-polymerized polymethylmethacrylate (2.2.3 cm) blocks using a special device to make their slots horizontally parallel. These 30 teeth were then divided into two subgroups: control or no-lased (n = 15) and super pulse CO(2) laser (n = 15). To characterize the peak of SBS in two groups, we used an Instron machine while its blade was moving at a constant speed of 1 mm/min. For evaluating the site of debonding and the adhesive remnant index (ARI index), a light microscope and the Photoshop program were used. Means and standard deviations of the SBS in two subgroups shows that in the control group, the teeth have definitely higher values in comparison to the experimental group. The results of the two groups drew no substantial differences with respect to the surface of debonding, which was mostly within the adhesive. However, observing the results of ARI presented a significant distinction between the control and experimental group. This index denoted that the debonding site in the control group was closer to the enamel adhesive interface and, consequently, the rate of enamel damage in this group would be greater. The present study shows that a CO(2) laser has the potential to replace the conventional method for debonding ceramic brackets due to less debonding force and more adhesive remnant index on the tooth surface. PMID:20725757

Tehranchi, Azita; Fekrazad, Reza; Zafar, Morvarid; Eslami, Behnam; Kalhori, Katayoun A M; Gutknecht, Norbert

2011-09-01

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Shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded using halogen light and light-emitting diode at different debond times  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the photoactivation effects of QTH (Quartz-Tungsten-Halogen) and LED (Light-Emitting Diode) on the SBS (Shear Bond Strength) of orthodontic brackets at different debond times. Seventy-two bovine lower incisors were randomly divided into two groups accord [...] ing to the photoactivation system used (QTH or LED). The enamel surfaces were conditioned with Transbond self-etching primer, and APC (Adhesive Pre-Coated) brackets were used in all specimens. Group I was cured with QTH for 20 s and Group II with LED for 10 s. Both groups were subdivided according to the different experimental times after bonding (immediately, 24 h and 7 days). The specimens were tested for SBS and the enamel surfaces were analyzed according to the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI). The statistical analysis included the Tukey's test to evaluate the main effects of photoactivation and debond time on SBS. The Chi-square test was used to compare the ARI values found for each group, and no statistically significant difference was observed. The debond time of 7 days for QTH photoactivation showed statistically greater values of SBS when compared to the immediate and 24 h periods. There was no statistically significant difference between the QTH and LED groups immediately and after the 24 h period. In conclusion, bonding orthodontic brackets with LED photoactivation for 10 s is suggested because it requires a reduced clinical chair time.

Rebeca, Di Nicoló; Maria Amelia Maximo de, Araujo; Levy Anderson César, Alves; Rodrigo Othavio de Assunção e, Souza; Daniel Maranha da, Rocha.

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Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: análise por microscopia eletrônica de varredura Analysis of biodegradation of orthodontic brackets using scanning electron microscopy  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar, por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, as alterações químicas e estruturais de braquetes metálicos submetidos a um processo de biodegradação in vitro. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi dividida em dois grupos, de acordo com a marca comercial dos acessórios - Grupo A = Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303 e Grupo B = LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L. Os corpos de prova, aparelhos ortodônticos simulados, permaneceram imersos em solução salina (0,05% por um período de 60 dias, a 37ºC, sob agitação. As alterações decorrentes da exposição dos acessórios à solução salina foram investigadas através da observação com microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV e análise da composição química (EDX, realizadas antes e após o período de imersão (T0 e T5, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: em T5, houve formação de produtos de corrosão sobre a superfície dos braquetes, especialmente no Grupo A, além disso, houve alterações na composição da liga metálica dos braquetes de ambos os grupos, sendo que, no Grupo A, houve redução dos íons ferro e cromo e, no Grupo B, redução de íons cromo. CONCLUSÃO: os acessórios do Grupo A apresentaram-se menos resistentes à biodegradação in vitro, o que poderia estar associado ao tipo de aço utilizado em sua fabricação (AISI 303.OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze, with the aid of scanning electron microscopy (SEM, the chemical and structural changes in metal brackets subjected to an in vitro biodegradation process. METHODS: The sample was divided into three groups according to brackets commercial brand names, i.e., Group A = Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303 and Group B = LG standard edgewise, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L. The specimens were simulated orthodontic appliances, which remained immersed in saline solution (0.05% for a period of 60 days at 37°C under agitation. The changes resulting from exposure of the brackets to the saline solution were investigated by microscopic observation (SEM and chemical composition analysis (EDX, performed before and after the immersion period (T0 and T5, respectively. RESULTS: The results showed, at T5, the formation of products of corrosion on the surface of the brackets, especially in Group A. In addition, there were changes in the composition of the bracket alloy in both groups, whereas in group A there was a reduction in iron and chromium ions, and in Group B a reduction in chromium ions. CONCLUSIONS: The brackets in Group A were less resistant to in vitro biodegradation, which might be associated with the type of steel used by the manufacturer (AISI 303.

Luciane Macedo de Menezes

2010-06-01

95

Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: análise por microscopia eletrônica de varredura / Analysis of biodegradation of orthodontic brackets using scanning electron microscopy  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: analisar, por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, as alterações químicas e estruturais de braquetes metálicos submetidos a um processo de biodegradação in vitro. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi dividida em dois grupos, de acordo com a marca comercial dos acessórios - Grupo A = Dyna-Lock, 3 [...] M/Unitek (AISI 303) e Grupo B = LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). Os corpos de prova, aparelhos ortodônticos simulados, permaneceram imersos em solução salina (0,05%) por um período de 60 dias, a 37ºC, sob agitação. As alterações decorrentes da exposição dos acessórios à solução salina foram investigadas através da observação com microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV) e análise da composição química (EDX), realizadas antes e após o período de imersão (T0 e T5, respectivamente). RESULTADOS: em T5, houve formação de produtos de corrosão sobre a superfície dos braquetes, especialmente no Grupo A, além disso, houve alterações na composição da liga metálica dos braquetes de ambos os grupos, sendo que, no Grupo A, houve redução dos íons ferro e cromo e, no Grupo B, redução de íons cromo. CONCLUSÃO: os acessórios do Grupo A apresentaram-se menos resistentes à biodegradação in vitro, o que poderia estar associado ao tipo de aço utilizado em sua fabricação (AISI 303). Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze, with the aid of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the chemical and structural changes in metal brackets subjected to an in vitro biodegradation process. METHODS: The sample was divided into three groups according to brackets commercial brand na [...] mes, i.e., Group A = Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303) and Group B = LG standard edgewise, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). The specimens were simulated orthodontic appliances, which remained immersed in saline solution (0.05%) for a period of 60 days at 37°C under agitation. The changes resulting from exposure of the brackets to the saline solution were investigated by microscopic observation (SEM) and chemical composition analysis (EDX), performed before and after the immersion period (T0 and T5, respectively). RESULTS: The results showed, at T5, the formation of products of corrosion on the surface of the brackets, especially in Group A. In addition, there were changes in the composition of the bracket alloy in both groups, whereas in group A there was a reduction in iron and chromium ions, and in Group B a reduction in chromium ions. CONCLUSIONS: The brackets in Group A were less resistant to in vitro biodegradation, which might be associated with the type of steel used by the manufacturer (AISI 303).

Luciane Macedo de, Menezes; Rodrigo Matos de, Souza; Gabriel Schmidt, Dolci; Berenice Anina, Dedavid.

96

Evaluation of different LED light-curing devices for bonding metallic orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência de diferentes aparelhos de luz tipo LED na colagem de bráquetes ortodônticos, através do teste de resistência ao cisalhamento e do Índice de Remanescente do Adesivo (IRA). Coroas de 60 incisivos bovinos receberam a colagem de bráquetes com compósito T [...] ransbond XT. A amostra foi dividida em 4 grupos (n=15) de acordo com os seguintes tipos de fotoativação: HL: controle, luz halógena; OR= Ortholux LED; UL= Ultraled XP e RD= Radii LED. Todas as fotoativações foram realizadas por 40 s. O teste de resistência ao cisalhamento foi realizado em máquina universal de ensaios mecânicos à velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo ANOVA e teste de Tukey. Os escores do IRA foram avaliados em lupa estereoscópica e analisados estatisticamente pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis. O nível de significância de 5% foi adotado para todas as análises. Os valores médios (MPa) e o desvio-padrão do teste de resistência ao cisalhamento foram 9,82 (3,28), 12,70 (3,35), 9,04 (2,80) e 11,22 (2,36) para o grupo HL, OR, UL e RD, respectivamente. O grupo OR apresentou os maiores valores médios de resistência ao cisalhamento. O grupo HL diferiu significativamente (p0,05). Quanto ao escores do IRA, nenhuma diferença estatística significante foi observada (p>0,05) entre os grupos. Concluiu-se que as unidades de luz Ortholux LED e Radii LED proporcionaram maiores valores de resistência adesiva aos bráquetes. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different light-emitting diodes (LED) light-curing devices for bonding orthodontic brackets, using the shear bond strength and analysis of adhesive remnant index (ARI). Crowns from 60 bovine incisors received brackets bonded with Transbond XT. Spe [...] cimens were divided into 4 groups (n=15) according to the light-curing procedures: HL = control, halogen light; OR = Ortholux LED; UL = Ultraled XP, and RD = Radii LED. All light-curing procedures were performed for 40 s. Shear bond strength test was evaluated using an universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test. The ARI scores were evaluated with a stereoscopic magnifying glass and analyzed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis test. A significance level of 5% was set for all analyses. Shear bond strength means in MPa and standard deviations were 9.82 (3.28), 12.70 (3.35), 9.04 (2.80) and 11.22 (2.36) for HL, OR, UL and RD, respectively. OR presented the highest shear bond strength mean value. HL differed significantly (p0.05). Regarding the ARI scores, no statistically significant difference was observed (p>0.05) among the groups. In conclusion, Ortholux LED and Radii LED units provided the highest values of bracket adhesive strength.

Corina Maia de Souza, Pinto; José Tarcísio Lima, Ferreira; Mírian Aiko Nakane, Matsumoto; Maria Cristina, Borsatto; Raquel Assed Bezerra da, Silva; Fábio Lourenço, Romano.

97

A comparative study on time efficiency management of self ligating brackets with conventional ligating brackets on orthodontic subjects in North Karnataka  

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Full Text Available Background: Self-Ligating brackets were originally designed with the intention to reduce the time needed to change wires compared with the use of wire ligatures. However, the advent of elastomeric ligatures meant that this perceived advantage was diminished. Objective: To compare aligning efficiency, rate of retraction and torque expression of Self Ligating bracket (SLB system with Conventional Pre adjusted Edgewise bracket (CLB system. Materials and Methods: Twelve patients were selected and divided into two groups treated with self ligating brackets (SLB, n=6 and conventional ligating brackets (CLB, n=6. The brackets used were 0.22 slot McLaughlin Bennet Trevesi (MBT prescription. Aligning was evaluated with 0.14 Niti followed by 19X25 Heat Activated Ni Ti and then 19X25 stainless steel wires for retraction within 4 months. The rate of retraction was evaluated per month and torque loss after space closure was also estimated. Results: Alignment Efficiency shows significant changes with SLB compared to CLB and also save more than 30% of chair side time during wire adjustments while rate of en masse retraction in SLB shows statistically non significance as compared to CLB system. In case of upper incisor changes when compared between two groups showed less torque loss in SLB than CLB although which was statistically no significant but % difference show SLB have better improvement result than CLB.

Smita B. Patil

2014-01-01

98

Shear bond strength of fluoride-releasing orthodontic bonding and composite materials.  

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Several fluoride-releasing bonding materials are available for orthodontic bracket placement. These are supposed to prevent white spot lesions during therapy. The objectives of this in vitro study were to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) and failure mode of a recently introduced fluoride-releasing adhesive, as well as the comparison with established orthodontic adhesives. Sixty bovine mandibular incisors were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 20): stainless steel brackets were bonded with Transbond Plus Color Change Adhesive, Transbond XT, or Light Bond. A universal testing machine was used to determine the SBS at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/minute. After debonding, the adhesive remnant index (ARI) was used to assess the adhesive remaining on the brackets. One-way analysis of variance comparing the three experimental groups showed no differences between the bonding systems for mean SBS (P = 0.27). ARI scores showed more residual adhesive on the teeth bonded with the Transbond systems (P < 0.01). As the fluoride-releasing bonding system provided sufficient mean bond strength in vitro (19.9 MPa), it may be used as an additional prophylactic measure in orthodontic therapy. However, the clinical effectiveness of its fluoride release may be questionable, as the amount of fluoride required from a bonding material to be caries preventive is still unknown. PMID:20080958

Pseiner, Bernhard Christian; Freudenthaler, Josef; Jonke, Erwin; Bantleon, Hans-Peter

2010-06-01

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Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite  

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This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units) in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement - GIC (Fuji Ortho) or a resin-based composite - RC (Concise). Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, participated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th ...

2008-01-01

100

Comparison of shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded using two different hydrophilic primers: An in vitro study.  

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Context: Salivary control and maintenance of a dry operating field is a prime requisite of orthodontic bonding. Moisture insensitive primer (MIP) with a clinical significant bond strength values have a better edge over the conventional hydrophobic bonding systems. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of two hydrophilic primers with respect to conventional hydrophobic primer by comparing their shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive-failure locations after contamination with saliva and saliva substitute. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 extracted human premolars were randomly divided into five group s ; Group A (Transbond MIP/saliva substitute), Group B (Opal Primo/saliva substitute), Group C (Transbond MIP/natural saliva), Group D (Opal Primo/natural saliva), control group - Group E (Transbond XT/dry), adhesive-Transbond XT used for all five groups and bonded using stainless steel brackets. Shear forces were applied to the samples with a universal testing machine. SBSs was measured in megapascals. The mode of bond failure was determined using the adhesive remnant index (ARI). Results: The mean SBS produced by Transbond MIP was higher than Opal Primo, which was statistically significant according to one-way analysis of variance. Both the tested groups showed lesser bond strength values than Transbond XT (the control). ARI scores revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the site of bond failure between study groups. ARI scores were found to be lower for study groups suggesting adhesive failure, compared to higher ARI scores for the control group suggesting cohesive failure. Conclusion: Transbond XT adhesive with Transbond MIP or Opal Primo have clinically acceptable bond strength in wet fields. Opal Primo is a viable option to use as a hydrophilic primer clinically. PMID:24992850

Anand, M Kumaraswamy; Majumder, Kaberi; Venkateswaran, Sundaram; Krishnaswamy, N Rengarajan

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Influence of surface treatment on shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: foram avaliadas as forças de cisalhamento após colagem de braquetes ortodônticos em superfícies resinosas microparticuladas ou micro-híbridas, após diferentes tratamentos de superfície. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 280 corpos de prova, divididos em grupos de 10 elementos cada, sendo 140 pre [...] enchidos com resina microparticulada Durafill e 140 com resina micro-híbrida Charisma. Os tratamentos de superfície envolveram: ácido fosfórico, ácido fluorídrico, jato de bicarbonato de sódio, jato de óxido de alumínio, pedra e broca. A silanagem foi utilizada em metade dos grupos. O cisalhamento foi realizado com a máquina universal de testes EMIC DL 10000 MF, com célula de 10kg e velocidade de 0,5mm/min. As comparações entre as forças de cisalhamento foram obtidas por meio da análise de variância, e o grau de interação entre os tipos de compósito e o preparo de superfície foram obtidos por meio de uma regressão multivariada. RESULTADOS: as médias e desvios-padrão foram: jato de bicarbonato = 11,27 ± 2,78; broca = 9,26 ± 3,01; pedra = 7,95 ± 3,67; jato de óxido de alumínio = 7,04 ± 3,21; ácido fosfórico = 5,82 ± 1,90; ácido fluorídrico = 4,54 ± 2,87; e sem preparo = 2,75 ± 1,49. Um acréscimo de 1,94MPa foi obtido com o uso do compósito Charisma. A silanagem reduziu em 0,68MPa as médias do compósito Charisma, e aumentou o Durafill com uso do jato de bicarbonato (0,83), broca (0,98) e pedra (0,46). CONCLUSÃO: os preparos com jato de bicarbonato, broca e pedra obtiveram médias de forças apropriadas para colagem. O compósito Charisma apresentou forças de maior intensidade que as da resina Durafill. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to micro-hybrid and micro-particulate resins under different surface treatment methods was assessed. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty test samples were divided into 28 groups (n = 10), where 140 specimens were filled with Durafill m [...] icro-particulate resin and 140 with Charisma composite. In 140 samples, a coupling agent (silane) was applied. The surface treatment methods were: Phosphoric and hydrofluoric acid etching, sodium bicarbonate and aluminum oxide blasting, stone and burs. A Universal Instron Machine was used to apply an occlusal shear force directly to the resin composite bracket surface at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. The means were compared using analysis of variance and multivariate regression to assess the interaction between composites and surface treatment methods. RESULTS: Means and standard deviations for the groups were: Sodium bicarbonate jet 11.27±2.78; burs 9.26±3.01; stone 7.95±3.67; aluminum oxide blasting 7.04±3.21; phosphoric acid 5.82±1.90; hydrofluoric acid 4.54±2.87, and without treatment 2.75±1.49. An increase of 1.94 MPa in shear bond strength was seen in Charisma groups. Silane agent application reduced the Charisma shear bond strength by 0.68 Mpa, but increased Durafill means for bicarbonate blasting (0.83), burs (0.98) and stone drilling (0.46). CONCLUSION: The sodium bicarbonate blasting, burs and stone drilling methods produced adequate shear bond strength and may be suitable for clinical use. The Charisma micro hybrid resin composite showed higher shear bond means than Durafill micro particle composite.

Ione Helena Vieira Portella, Brunharo; Daniel Jogaib, Fernandes; Mauro Sayão de, Miranda; Flavia, Artese.

102

Comparison of the shear bond strengths of conventional mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases  

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This study aimed to compare in vitro the shear bond strength between metallic brackets (Abzil) with conventional mesh bases and metallic brackets with bases industrially sandblasted with aluminum oxide using three adhesive systems, in order to assess the influence of sandblasting on adhesiveness and to compare 3 different bonding systems. Two hundred and forty bovine incisors were used and randomly divided into 6 groups (40 teeth in each group), according to the bracket base and to the bondin...

2009-01-01

103

Comparison of Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets Bonded to Enamel Prepared By Er:YAG Laser and Conven-tional Acid-Etching  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare shear bond strength (SBS of orthodontic brackets bonded to enamel prepared by Er:YAG laser with two different powers and conventional acid-etching.Materials and Methods: Forty-five human premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes were randomly assigned to three groups based on conditioning method: Group 1- conventional etching with 37% phosphoric acid; Group 2- irradiation with Er:YAG laser at 1 W; and Group 3- irradiation with Er:YAG laser at 1.5 W. Metal brackets were bonded on prepared enamel using a light-cured composite. All groups were subjected to thermocycling process. Then, the specimens mounted in auto-cure acryle and shear bond strength were measured using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm per second. After debonding, the amount of resin remaining on the teeth was determined using the adhesive remnant index (ARI scored 1 to 5. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare shear bond strengths and the Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to evaluate differences in the ARI for different etching types.Results: The mean and standard deviation of conventional acid-etch group, 1W laser group and 1.5W laser group was 3.82 ± 1.16, 6.97 ± 3.64 and 6.93 ± 4.87, respectively.Conclusion: The mean SBS obtained with an Er:YAG laser operated at 1W or 1.5W is approximately similar to that of conventional etching. However, the high variability of values in bond strength of irradiated enamel should be considered to find the appropriate parameters for applying Er:YAG laser as a favorable alternative for surface conditioning.

M.H. Hosseini

2012-01-01

104

An evaluation of slot size in orthodontic brackets--are standards as expected?  

Science.gov (United States)

The slots of five upper left central incisor brackets from 11 commercially available bracket systems (3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif: Twin Torque Roth, Clarity MBT, and Victory Series MBT; Dentarum, Pforzheim, Germany: Discovery Roth (0.56 mm) and Elegance Plastic Roth; Forestadent, Pforzheim, Germany: Mini Mono MBT; TP LaPorte, Indiana: Nu-Edge Roth and Mxi Advant-Edge Roth; Ormco Corp., Orange, Calif: Damon II SL Roth; Ortho Organizers, San Marcos, Calif: Elite Mini Opti-MIM Roth and Elite Mini Opti-MIM MBT) were measured in the 0.022-inch (0.5588 mm) dimension. Measurements were taken after operator calibration, and a digital readout was produced. Results indicate that all bracket slots are oversized. Three bracket systems slots (Twin Torque, Clarity, and Mini Mono) were within 5% (+/-1.08, 1.655, 1.75) of their stated dimensions with essentially parallel slot walls. The Elegance Plastic slot was parallel sided but oversized by 12% (+/-1.15). The geometry of bracket slots was also variable. The Victory Series slot was slightly divergent with the top oversized by 6% (+/-1.035). The Nu-Edge slot was divergent and slot top oversized by 14% (+/-1.32). The Mxi Advant-Edge, Damon II SL, Elite Mini Opti-MIM Roth, and MBT were all convergent, and the base of the Damon slot was oversized by 17% (+/-1.79). The Discovery bracket was convergent, and the slot base was oversized by 24% (+/-1.255), which was the largest recorded variance. This bracket also had a 7% difference between the widths of the slot top and the base. Inaccurate machining of bracket slot dimensions and the use of undersized archwires may directly and adversely affect three-dimensional tooth positioning. PMID:15387021

Cash, A C; Good, S A; Curtis, R V; McDonald, F

2004-08-01

105

Enzyme Activity Profiles and Elisa Analysis of Biomarkers from Human Saliva and Gingival Crevicular Fluid during Orthodontic Tooth Movement Using Self-Ligating Brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: Profiles of orthodontic tooth movement biomarkers, i.e., Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Tartrate-resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP) and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), using Self-ligating Brackets (SLBs) and possible relationships among their activities and total enzymes produced were determined. Methods: Saliva and Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) were collected from 19 subjects (n=19) before and during orthodontic treatment (5 weeks). The subjects were bonded with SLBs with 100 g or 150 g of orthodontic force. Enzyme assays, ELISA and tooth movement measurements were performed. Results: A statistical analysis (paired t-test) showed that compared to baseline values, significant differences (p0.05). Conclusion: Therefore, 100 g is recommended as a better force for patient comfort. AST, TRAP and ALP in the saliva and LDH, AST and TRAP in the GCF are potential biomarkers in orthodontic tooth movement using SLB systems. PMID:24984622

Abdul Wahab, Rohaya Megat; Abu Kasim, Nurfathiha; Senafi, Sahidan; Jemain, Abdul Aziz; Zainol Abidin, Intan Zarina; Shahidan, Muhammad Ashraf; Zainal Ariffin, Shahrul Hisham

2014-06-01

106

Evaluation of self-etching adhesive and Er:YAG laser conditioning on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength, the adhesive remnant index scores, and etch surface of teeth prepared for orthodontic bracket bonding with self-etching primer and Er:YAG laser conditioning. One hundred and twenty bovine incisors were randomly divided into four groups. In Group I (Control), the teeth were conditioned with 35% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds. In Group II the teeth were conditioned with Transbond Plus SEP (5?sec); III and IV were irradiated with the Er:YAG 150?mJ (11.0?J/cm²), 150?mJ (19.1?J/cm²), respectively, at 7-12?Hz with water spray. After surface preparation, upper central incisor stainless steel brackets were bonded with Transbond Plus Color Change Adhesive. The teeth were stored in water at 37°C for 24 hours and shear bond strengths were measured, and adhesive remnant index (ARI) was determined. The conditioned surface was observed under a scanning electron microscope. One-way ANOVA and chi-square test were used. Group I showed the significantly highest values of bond strength with a mean value of 8.2 megapascals (MPa). The lesser amount of adhesive remnant was found in Group III. The results of this study suggest that Er:YAG laser irradiation could not be an option for enamel conditioning. PMID:24228014

Contreras-Bulnes, Rosalía; Scougall-Vilchis, Rogelio J; Rodríguez-Vilchis, Laura E; Centeno-Pedraza, Claudia; Olea-Mejía, Oscar F; Alcántara-Galena, María del Carmen Z

2013-01-01

107

Comparison of the shear bond strengths of conventional mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This study aimed to compare in vitro the shear bond strength between metallic brackets (Abzil) with conventional mesh bases and metallic brackets with bases industrially sandblasted with aluminum oxide using three adhesive systems, in order to assess the influence of sandblasting on adhesiveness and [...] to compare 3 different bonding systems. Two hundred and forty bovine incisors were used and randomly divided into 6 groups (40 teeth in each group), according to the bracket base and to the bonding system. The brackets were direct-bonded in bovine teeth with 3 adhesive systems: System A - conventional TransbondTM XT (3M - Unitek); System B - TransbondTM Plus Self Etching Primer + TransbondTM XT (3M - Unitek) and System C - Fuji ORTHO LC resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement in capsules (GC Corp.). Shear bond strength tests were performed 24 hours after bonding, in a DL-3000 universal testing machine (EMIC), using a load cell of 200 kgf and a speed of 1 mm/min. The results were submitted to statistical analysis and showed no significant difference between conventional and sandblasted bracket bases. However, comparison between the bonding systems presented significantly different results. System A (14.92 MPa) and system C (13.24 MPa) presented statistically greater shear bond strength when compared to system B (10.66 MPa). There was no statistically significant difference between system A and system C.

Isabel Cristina Prado Torres, Lugato; Lilian Maria Brisque, Pignatta; Flávia de Moraes, Arantes; Eduardo César Almada, Santos.

108

Comparison of the shear bond strengths of conventional mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to compare in vitro the shear bond strength between metallic brackets (Abzil with conventional mesh bases and metallic brackets with bases industrially sandblasted with aluminum oxide using three adhesive systems, in order to assess the influence of sandblasting on adhesiveness and to compare 3 different bonding systems. Two hundred and forty bovine incisors were used and randomly divided into 6 groups (40 teeth in each group, according to the bracket base and to the bonding system. The brackets were direct-bonded in bovine teeth with 3 adhesive systems: System A - conventional TransbondTM XT (3M - Unitek; System B - TransbondTM Plus Self Etching Primer + TransbondTM XT (3M - Unitek and System C - Fuji ORTHO LC resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement in capsules (GC Corp.. Shear bond strength tests were performed 24 hours after bonding, in a DL-3000 universal testing machine (EMIC, using a load cell of 200 kgf and a speed of 1 mm/min. The results were submitted to statistical analysis and showed no significant difference between conventional and sandblasted bracket bases. However, comparison between the bonding systems presented significantly different results. System A (14.92 MPa and system C (13.24 MPa presented statistically greater shear bond strength when compared to system B (10.66 MPa. There was no statistically significant difference between system A and system C.

Isabel Cristina Prado Torres Lugato

2009-12-01

109

Avaliação da superfície da porcelana após a descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos Porcelain surface evaluation after debonding of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do tempo de condicionamento ácido em superfície de porcelana e o estado desta após a descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizadas 20 amostras de porcelana feldspática para esmalte (Duceram-LFC divididas em 2 grupos de acordo com o tempo de condicionamento com ácido fluorídico 10% (15 segundos e 1 minuto. Após o ataque ácido, foi aplicado silano (3M Scotchbond, adesivo resinoso (Optibond Solo Plus e resina (Fill Magic nestas superfícies. A descolagem foi realizada através de força de cisalhamento numa máquina universal de ensaios (DL 500 - EMIC calibrada com velocidade fixa de 0,5mm/minuto. O índice do adesivo remanescente (ARI nas superfícies cerâmicas e o estado destas após a remoção dos braquetes foram avaliados através de fotos digitais. RESULTADOS: no grupo 15 segundos, a força de adesão média foi de 3,63MPa, significantemente inferior à do grupo 1 minuto, que foi de 7,18MPa (pAIM: the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of acid conditioning time in porcelain surface and its characteristics after debonding of orthodontic brackets. METHODS: twenty samples of feldspathic porcelain for enamel (Duceram-LFC were divided in 2 groups according with the amount of time of acid conditioning with hydrofluoric acid 10% (15 seconds and 1 minute. After acid etching, it was applied silane (3M Scotchbond, adhesive (Optibond Solo Plus and resin (Fill Magic in these surfaces. The debonding was done with shear strength through a universal testing machine (DL 500 - EMIC calibrated with a fixed speed of 0.5mm/minute. The adhesive remnant index (ARI in the porcelain surfaces and their characteristics after removal of the brackets were evaluated through digital pictures. RESULTS: in the 15 seconds group, the mean bond strength was 3.63Mpa, significantly lower than the 1 minute group, that was 7.18Mpa (p<0.0001. All fractures during debonding were cohesive in the composite resin layer (70% or bond between the bracket and the resin (30%. In relation to the ARI analysis, the Chi-square test showed no statistically significant difference between both groups. CONCLUSION: conditioning with hydrofluoric acid 10% for 1 minute, followed by the application of silane, adhesive and resin was considered the best porcelain preparation method before orthodontic bonding.

André Moreira Mattos

2006-10-01

110

Avaliação in vitro da liberação de níquel por braquetes metálicos In vitro nickel release from metallic orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available O aço inoxidável austenítico é utilizado para confecção de dispositivos ortodônticos e contém cerca de 8-10% de níquel em sua composição, metal este responsável por reações alérgicas de hipersensibilidade. Acredita-se que a liberação de níquel dos dispositivos metálicos pode provocar dermatites de contato em pacientes suscetíveis. Este estudo laboratorial avaliou a influência de três variáveis na liberação de níquel: 1 o tipo de liga do braquete; 2 o tipo de solução de imersão e 3 o esforço mecânico nas canaletas dos braquetes de aço inoxidável austenítico. Foram avaliados seis grupos experimentais e dois grupos controles. As amostras foram imersas em tubos de ensaio contendo saliva artificial ou solução salina, sendo mantidas sob agitação e temperatura constante (37ºC. A quantidade de níquel presente nas soluções foi avaliada com espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica (Varian - Spectra A55 em dois momentos: após uma semana e após duas semanas. Os resultados revelaram que os braquetes de aço inoxidável com baixo teor de níquel apresentaram menor liberação deste elemento. Foi possível constatar que o tipo de solução alterou o padrão de liberação de níquel pelos dispositivos avaliados. O esforço mecânico aplicado sobre os braquetes de aço inoxidável austenítico não alterou a quantidade de níquel liberada.Austenitic stainless steel is frequently used to fabricate orthodontic appliances, which contains 8-10% of nickel. Such metal is responsible for hypersensitivity allergic reactions. Thus, nickel release of orthodontic appliances may be responsible for contact dermatitis in sensitive patients. This study assessed the influence of three variables in nickel release of metal brackets: 1 type of metal alloy; 2 type of solution used for immersion; and 3 mechanical stress. Six experimental and two control groups were assessed. The specimens were immersed in saline solution or artificial saliva, maintained in constant agitation in controlled temperature environment (37ºC. Nickel present in solutions was measured with atomic spectroscopy (Varian-Spectra A55 in two moments: after one and after two weeks. The results showed that brackets made of low nickel contend alloy released less nickel than standard ones. It was possible to notice that the type of solution alters the pattern of nickel release. Mechanical stress applied in the slots of standard brackets did not influence nickel release.

Marina Lara Sória

2005-06-01

111

Are torque values of preadjusted brackets precise?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to verify the torque precision of metallic brackets with MBT prescription using the canine brackets as the representative sample of six commercial brands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty maxillary and 20 mandibular canine brackets of one of the following comm [...] ercial brands were selected: 3M Unitek, Abzil, American Orthodontics, TP Orthodontics, Morelli and Ortho Organizers. The torque angle, established by reference points and lines, was measured by an operator using an optical microscope coupled to a computer. The values were compared to those established by the MBT prescription. RESULTS: The results showed that for the maxillary canine brackets, only the Morelli torque (-3.33º) presented statistically significant difference from the proposed values (-7º). For the mandibular canines, American Orthodontics (-6.34º) and Ortho Organizers (-6.25º) presented statistically significant differences from the standards (-6º). Comparing the brands, Morelli presented statistically significant differences in comparison with all the other brands for maxillary canine brackets. For the mandibular canine brackets, there was no statistically significant difference between the brands. CONCLUSIONS: There are significant variations in torque values of some of the brackets assessed, which would clinically compromise the buccolingual positioning of the tooth at the end of orthodontic treatment.

Streva, Alessandra Motta; Cotrim-Ferreira, Flávio Augusto; Garib, Daniela Gamba; Carvalho, Paulo Eduardo Guedes.

112

Are torque values of preadjusted brackets precise?  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to verify the torque precision of metallic brackets with MBT prescription using the canine brackets as the representative sample of six commercial brands. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty maxillary and 20 mandibular canine brackets of one of the following commercial brands were selected: 3M Unitek, Abzil, American Orthodontics, TP Orthodontics, Morelli and Ortho Organizers. The torque angle, established by reference points and lines, was measured by an operator using an optical microscope coupled to a computer. The values were compared to those established by the MBT prescription. RESULTS: The results showed that for the maxillary canine brackets, only the Morelli torque (-3.33º presented statistically significant difference from the proposed values (-7º. For the mandibular canines, American Orthodontics (-6.34º and Ortho Organizers (-6.25º presented statistically significant differences from the standards (-6º. Comparing the brands, Morelli presented statistically significant differences in comparison with all the other brands for maxillary canine brackets. For the mandibular canine brackets, there was no statistically significant difference between the brands. CONCLUSIONS: There are significant variations in torque values of some of the brackets assessed, which would clinically compromise the buccolingual positioning of the tooth at the end of orthodontic treatment.

Alessandra Motta Streva

2011-08-01

113

Bonding of brackets using a caries-protective adhesive patch  

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OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal brackets when placed with a caries protective adhesive patch. METHODS: Forty stainless steel brackets (Ormco) were bonded to 40 bovine enamel samples according to the following conditioning/bonding procedures using a resin-based orthodontic luting material (Heliosit Orthodontic, N=10 per group): (A) 35% phosphoric acid (30s), rinse and dry; (B) as in A but additional placement of a prototype adhesive pa...

Schmidlin, P. R.; Scha?tzle, M.; Fischer, J.; Attin, T.

2008-01-01

114

The effect of using a new experimental self-etch primer/adhesive on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets: a comparative study.  

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Conventional adhesive systems use three different agents, an enamel conditioner, a primer solution, and an adhesive resin during the bonding of orthodontic brackets to enamel. A unique characteristic of some new bonding systems in operative dentistry, is that they combine the conditioning and priming agents into a single application. Combining conditioning and priming saves time and should be more cost-effective to the clinician and indirectly to the patient. AIM: To assess and compare the e...

2002-01-01

115

Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units) in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement - GIC (Fuji Ortho) or a resin-based composite - RC (Concise). Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, parti [...] cipated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th day after placement. On the 30th day, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was applied for 4 minutes. No significant modification in the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU in saliva was observed after placement of the fixed orthodontic appliances. On the 15th day, the percentage of Streptococcus mutans CFU in plaque was statistically lower in sites adjacent to GIC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.365) than in those adjacent to RC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.935). No evidence was found of a contribution of GIC to the reduction of CFU in plaque after the 15th day. Topical application of stannous fluoride gel on the 30th day reduced the number of CFU in saliva, but not in plaque. This study suggests that the antimicrobial activity of GIC occurs only in the initial phase and is not responsible for a long-term anticariogenic property.

Solange Machado, Mota; Carla, Enoki; Izabel Yoko, Ito; Ana Maria, Elias; Mírian Aiko Nakane, Matsumoto.

116

Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units) in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement--GIC (Fuji Ortho) or a resin-based composite--RC (Concise). Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, participated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th day after placement. On the 30th day, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was applied for 4 minutes. No significant modification in the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU in saliva was observed after placement of the fixed orthodontic appliances. On the 15th day, the percentage of Streptococcus mutans CFU in plaque was statistically lower in sites adjacent to GIC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.365) than in those adjacent to RC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.935). No evidence was found of a contribution of GIC to the reduction of CFU in plaque after the 15th day. Topical application of stannous fluoride gel on the 30th day reduced the number of CFU in saliva, but not in plaque. This study suggests that the antimicrobial activity of GIC occurs only in the initial phase and is not responsible for a long-term anticariogenic property. PMID:18425246

Mota, Solange Machado; Enoki, Carla; Ito, Izabel Yoko; Elias, Ana Maria; Matsumoto, Mírian Aiko Nakane

2008-01-01

117

Streptococcus mutans counts in plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with resin-modified glass ionomer cement or resin-based composite  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU (colony forming units in the saliva and plaque adjacent to orthodontic brackets bonded with a glass ionomer cement - GIC (Fuji Ortho or a resin-based composite - RC (Concise. Twenty male and female patients, aged 12 to 20 years, participated in the study. Saliva was collected before and after placement of appliances. Plaque was collected from areas adjacent to brackets and saliva was again collected on the 15th, 30th, and 45th day after placement. On the 30th day, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was applied for 4 minutes. No significant modification in the number of Streptococcus mutans CFU in saliva was observed after placement of the fixed orthodontic appliances. On the 15th day, the percentage of Streptococcus mutans CFU in plaque was statistically lower in sites adjacent to GIC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.365 than in those adjacent to RC-bonded brackets (mean = 0.935. No evidence was found of a contribution of GIC to the reduction of CFU in plaque after the 15th day. Topical application of stannous fluoride gel on the 30th day reduced the number of CFU in saliva, but not in plaque. This study suggests that the antimicrobial activity of GIC occurs only in the initial phase and is not responsible for a long-term anticariogenic property.

Solange Machado Mota

2008-03-01

118

The duration of fixed orthodontic treatment: a comparison of two groups of patients treated using Edgewise brackets with 0.018" and 0.022" slots.  

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The duration of fixed appliance Edgewise orthodontic treatment times using brackets with 0.018" and 0.022" slots was measured to determine whether there were any clinically or statistically significant differences between the two appliances. Sixty-four consecutively treated, fully banded patients were selected from two different practice locations. All 64 patients were treated by one clinician. Thirty-two patients (Group 1) were treated using the 0.018" slot bracket and 32 (Group 2) were treated using the 0.022" slot bracket. The patients in each group were treated to the same standard of care using the same technique. The mean duration of treatment for Group 1 was 20.2 months and for Group 2, 21.7 months. Although the mean difference (1.5 months) was not clinically significant, it was statistically significant at p < 0.05. PMID:11201958

Amditis, C; Smith, L F

2000-03-01

119

Conforto e fonação com a nova geração de bráquetes ortodônticos linguais individualizados Comfort and phonation with new generation of individualized lingual orthodontics brackets  

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Full Text Available TEMA: recentemente o número de pacientes desejando um tratamento ortodôntico e estético ao mesmo tempo aumentou consideravelmente. A técnica lingual oferece a opção mais estética de tratamento ortodôntico, pois os bráquetes ficam invisíveis colados na superfície lingual dos dentes e os lábios não ficam protuberantes. Apesar da grande vantagem estética, essa terapia possui desvantagens como restrição no conforto oral, na fala, na higiene, irritações na língua, restrição no espaço da língua e dificuldades na alimentação. Para amenizar essas desvantagens uma nova geração de bráquetes linguais otimizados ao máximo através da individualização das bases dos bráquetes, da posição de colagem e dos fios utilizados no tratamento ortodôntico foi desenvolvida recentemente. OBJETIVO: realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura para verificar a adaptação do paciente a diferentes dispositivos ortodônticos linguais e a influência desses dispositivos no conforto e na fala, principalmente. CONCLUSÃO: atualmente a literatura suporta que os bráquetes linguais de última geração individualizados por computador proporcionam maior conforto e facilidade na fonação quando comparados aos bráquetes tradicionais da técnica lingual. No entanto, o sucesso na terapia requer orientações detalhadas sobre o potencial de restrição do conforto oral, articulação de palavras, mastigação e higiene oral, independente do sistema de bráquetes a ser utilizado.BACKGROUND: the number of patients desiring an orthodontic and esthetic treatment at the same time recently increased considerably. The lingual technique offers the most aesthetic orthodontic treatment option because the brackets are invisible on the lingual surface of the teeth and the lips are not protruding. Despite the aesthetic advantage, this therapy has disadvantages such as restriction in oral comfort, in speech, in oral hygiene, injuries in the tongue and difficulties for eating. To improve these disadvantages, a new generation of lingual brackets optimized to the maximum through the individualization of the bases, the position of the bracket and wires used in orthodontic treatment have been recently developed. PURPOSE: to make a systematically review of literature to verify the patient's adaptation to different lingual orthodontic devices and the influence of these appliance in comfort and speech, as well. CONCLUSION: the literature currently supports that the latest generation of lingual individualized brackets provides greater comfort and speech easiness when compared to the traditional lingual technique brackets. However, success in therapy requires detailed guidelines on the potential for restriction of the oral comfort, word articulation, chewing and oral hygiene, regardless of the bracket system to be used.

Adriano Marotta Araújo

2009-12-01

120

Conforto e fonação com a nova geração de bráquetes ortodônticos linguais individualizados / Comfort and phonation with new generation of individualized lingual orthodontics brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese TEMA: recentemente o número de pacientes desejando um tratamento ortodôntico e estético ao mesmo tempo aumentou consideravelmente. A técnica lingual oferece a opção mais estética de tratamento ortodôntico, pois os bráquetes ficam invisíveis colados na superfície lingual dos dentes e os lábios não fi [...] cam protuberantes. Apesar da grande vantagem estética, essa terapia possui desvantagens como restrição no conforto oral, na fala, na higiene, irritações na língua, restrição no espaço da língua e dificuldades na alimentação. Para amenizar essas desvantagens uma nova geração de bráquetes linguais otimizados ao máximo através da individualização das bases dos bráquetes, da posição de colagem e dos fios utilizados no tratamento ortodôntico foi desenvolvida recentemente. OBJETIVO: realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura para verificar a adaptação do paciente a diferentes dispositivos ortodônticos linguais e a influência desses dispositivos no conforto e na fala, principalmente. CONCLUSÃO: atualmente a literatura suporta que os bráquetes linguais de última geração individualizados por computador proporcionam maior conforto e facilidade na fonação quando comparados aos bráquetes tradicionais da técnica lingual. No entanto, o sucesso na terapia requer orientações detalhadas sobre o potencial de restrição do conforto oral, articulação de palavras, mastigação e higiene oral, independente do sistema de bráquetes a ser utilizado. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: the number of patients desiring an orthodontic and esthetic treatment at the same time recently increased considerably. The lingual technique offers the most aesthetic orthodontic treatment option because the brackets are invisible on the lingual surface of the teeth and the lips are not [...] protruding. Despite the aesthetic advantage, this therapy has disadvantages such as restriction in oral comfort, in speech, in oral hygiene, injuries in the tongue and difficulties for eating. To improve these disadvantages, a new generation of lingual brackets optimized to the maximum through the individualization of the bases, the position of the bracket and wires used in orthodontic treatment have been recently developed. PURPOSE: to make a systematically review of literature to verify the patient's adaptation to different lingual orthodontic devices and the influence of these appliance in comfort and speech, as well. CONCLUSION: the literature currently supports that the latest generation of lingual individualized brackets provides greater comfort and speech easiness when compared to the traditional lingual technique brackets. However, success in therapy requires detailed guidelines on the potential for restriction of the oral comfort, word articulation, chewing and oral hygiene, regardless of the bracket system to be used.

Adriano Marotta, Araújo; Fernanda de Oliveira e, Silva; Weber José da Silva, Ursi; Eduardo César, Werneck.

 
 
 
 
121

Clinical evaluation of the failure rates of metallic brackets  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo the bonding of metallic orthodontic brackets with different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients (10.5-15.1 years old who had sought corrective orthodontic treatment at a University Orthodontic Clinic were evaluated. Brackets were bonded from the right second premolar to the left second premolar in the upper and lower arches using: Orthodontic Concise, conventional Transbond XT, Transbond XT without primer, and Transbond XT associated with Transbond Plus Self-etching Primer (TPSEP. The 4 adhesive systems were used in all patients using a split-mouth design; each adhesive system was used in one quadrant of each dental arch, so that each group of 5 patients received the same bonding sequence. Initial archwires were inserted 1 week after bracket bonding. The number of bracket failures for each adhesive system was quantified over a 6-month period. RESULTS: The number of debonded brackets was: 8- Orthodontic Concise, 2- conventional Transbond XT, 9- Transbond XT without primer, and 1- Transbond XT + TPSEP. By using the Kaplan-Meier methods, statistically significant differences were found between the materials (p=0.0198, and the Logrank test identified these differences. Conventional Transbond XT and Transbond XT + TPSEP adhesive systems were statistically superior to Orthodontic Concise and Transbond XT without primer (p<0.05. There was no statistically significant difference between the dental arches (upper and lower, between the dental arch sides (right and left, and among the quadrants. CONCLUSIONS: The largest number of bracket failures occurred with Orthodontic Concise and Transbond XT without primer systems and few bracket failures occurred with conventional Transbond XT and Transbond XT+TPSEP. More bracket failures were observed in the posterior region compared with the anterior region.

Fábio Lourenço Romano

2012-04-01

122

In vitro corrosion of metallic orthodontic brackets: influence of artificial saliva with and without fluorides  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: este estudo in vitro verificou a resistência à corrosão de braquetes metálicos, avaliando-se os aspectos superficiais em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e os componentes residuais formados. MÉTODOS: a amostra consistiu de 17 conjuntos de braquetes de quatro diferentes ligas metál [...] icas: titânio, cobalto-cromo, aço inoxidável com baixa concentração de níquel e com cobertura de nitreto de titânio (TiN). Doze conjuntos foram submetidos à corrosão por imersão em 50ml de saliva artificial (pH 6,5) e 4 em saliva (pH 6,5) contendo flúor (2g/l), todos sob temperatura de 37ºC, e analisados após 7, 9 e 11 semanas. Uma montagem foi mantida como controle. As análises consistiram na avaliação qualitativa da corrosão por meio das imagens obtidas no MEV, na avaliação semiquantitativa da composição química dos resíduos superficiais por meio de MEV-EDS e da quantidade de íons liberados nas salivas na avaliação da espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. RESULTADOS: os resultados demonstraram que os braquetes com liga de titânio puro e os de aço com baixa concentração de níquel foram superiores em relação à resistência à corrosão. A liga de cobalto-cromo foi a que apresentou maior corrosão. Na presença do flúor, observaram-se maiores alterações em todas as ligas, com destaque para as de aço cobertos com TiN e as de cobalto-cromo. CONCLUSÃO: apesar de se observar a corrosão no MEV, a espectrofotometria mostrou baixo desprendimento de íons nas salivas artificiais, porém a presença do flúor interferiu negativamente na resistência à corrosão. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study verified the resistance to corrosion of metallic brackets, evaluating the superficial aspects in scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the residual components. METHODS: The sample consisted of 17 sets of brackets of four different metallic alloys: Titanium, Cobalt-Chr [...] omium, Stainless steel with low nickel concentration and with titanium nitride coating (NiTi). Twelve sets were submitted to corrosion by immersion in 50 ml of artificial saliva (pH 6.5) and four in saliva (pH 6.5) containing fluoride (2 g/l), all at a temperature of 37 ºC and analyzed after 7, 9 and 11 weeks. One was kept as control set. The analysis consisted in qualitative evaluation of the corrosion by the images obtained on the SEM, in semi-quantitative evaluation of chemical composition of the surface residue by SEM-EDS and the amount of ions released in saliva on evaluation of atomic absorption spectrophotometry. RESULTS: The results showed that the pure titanium brackets and the ones with low nickel concentration were superior regarding resistance to corrosion. The cobalt-chromium alloy showed the greatest corrosion. In the presence of fluoride, it was observed greater variation in all alloys, especially in the ones of NiTi coated steel and the ones of cobalt-chromium. CONCLUSION: Although observed corrosion on the SEM, the spectrophotometry showed low ions release in the artificial saliva, however, the presence of fluoride negatively affected the corrosion resistance.

Mônica Pereira, Saporeti; Enio Tonani, Mazzieiro; Wisley Falcco, Sales.

123

In vitro corrosion of metallic orthodontic brackets: influence of artificial saliva with and without fluorides  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study verified the resistance to corrosion of metallic brackets, evaluating the superficial aspects in scanning electron microscopy (SEM and the residual components. METHODS: The sample consisted of 17 sets of brackets of four different metallic alloys: Titanium, Cobalt-Chromium, Stainless steel with low nickel concentration and with titanium nitride coating (NiTi. Twelve sets were submitted to corrosion by immersion in 50 ml of artificial saliva (pH 6.5 and four in saliva (pH 6.5 containing fluoride (2 g/l, all at a temperature of 37 ºC and analyzed after 7, 9 and 11 weeks. One was kept as control set. The analysis consisted in qualitative evaluation of the corrosion by the images obtained on the SEM, in semi-quantitative evaluation of chemical composition of the surface residue by SEM-EDS and the amount of ions released in saliva on evaluation of atomic absorption spectrophotometry. RESULTS: The results showed that the pure titanium brackets and the ones with low nickel concentration were superior regarding resistance to corrosion. The cobalt-chromium alloy showed the greatest corrosion. In the presence of fluoride, it was observed greater variation in all alloys, especially in the ones of NiTi coated steel and the ones of cobalt-chromium. CONCLUSION: Although observed corrosion on the SEM, the spectrophotometry showed low ions release in the artificial saliva, however, the presence of fluoride negatively affected the corrosion resistance.OBJETIVO: este estudo in vitro verificou a resistência à corrosão de braquetes metálicos, avaliando-se os aspectos superficiais em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV e os componentes residuais formados. MÉTODOS: a amostra consistiu de 17 conjuntos de braquetes de quatro diferentes ligas metálicas: titânio, cobalto-cromo, aço inoxidável com baixa concentração de níquel e com cobertura de nitreto de titânio (TiN. Doze conjuntos foram submetidos à corrosão por imersão em 50ml de saliva artificial (pH 6,5 e 4 em saliva (pH 6,5 contendo flúor (2g/l, todos sob temperatura de 37ºC, e analisados após 7, 9 e 11 semanas. Uma montagem foi mantida como controle. As análises consistiram na avaliação qualitativa da corrosão por meio das imagens obtidas no MEV, na avaliação semiquantitativa da composição química dos resíduos superficiais por meio de MEV-EDS e da quantidade de íons liberados nas salivas na avaliação da espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. RESULTADOS: os resultados demonstraram que os braquetes com liga de titânio puro e os de aço com baixa concentração de níquel foram superiores em relação à resistência à corrosão. A liga de cobalto-cromo foi a que apresentou maior corrosão. Na presença do flúor, observaram-se maiores alterações em todas as ligas, com destaque para as de aço cobertos com TiN e as de cobalto-cromo. CONCLUSÃO: apesar de se observar a corrosão no MEV, a espectrofotometria mostrou baixo desprendimento de íons nas salivas artificiais, porém a presença do flúor interferiu negativamente na resistência à corrosão.

Mônica Pereira Saporeti

2012-12-01

124

A modified bracket-positioning gauge.  

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Various techniques for improving bracket positioning with different kinds of instruments have been described. This article describes the use of a modified bracket-positioning gauge for accurate placement of brackets during orthodontic bonding. PMID:22022698

Hattarki, Rohan Subhash; Malag, Shantesh

2011-01-01

125

Avaliação da superfície da porcelana após a descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos / Porcelain surface evaluation after debonding of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do tempo de condicionamento ácido em superfície de porcelana e o estado desta após a descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizadas 20 amostras de porcelana feldspática para esmalte (Duceram-LFC) divididas em 2 grupos [...] de acordo com o tempo de condicionamento com ácido fluorídico 10% (15 segundos e 1 minuto). Após o ataque ácido, foi aplicado silano (3M Scotchbond), adesivo resinoso (Optibond Solo Plus) e resina (Fill Magic) nestas superfícies. A descolagem foi realizada através de força de cisalhamento numa máquina universal de ensaios (DL 500 - EMIC) calibrada com velocidade fixa de 0,5mm/minuto. O índice do adesivo remanescente (ARI) nas superfícies cerâmicas e o estado destas após a remoção dos braquetes foram avaliados através de fotos digitais. RESULTADOS: no grupo 15 segundos, a força de adesão média foi de 3,63MPa, significantemente inferior à do grupo 1 minuto, que foi de 7,18MPa (p Abstract in english AIM: the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of acid conditioning time in porcelain surface and its characteristics after debonding of orthodontic brackets. METHODS: twenty samples of feldspathic porcelain for enamel (Duceram-LFC) were divided in 2 groups according with the amount of tim [...] e of acid conditioning with hydrofluoric acid 10% (15 seconds and 1 minute). After acid etching, it was applied silane (3M Scotchbond), adhesive (Optibond Solo Plus) and resin (Fill Magic) in these surfaces. The debonding was done with shear strength through a universal testing machine (DL 500 - EMIC) calibrated with a fixed speed of 0.5mm/minute. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) in the porcelain surfaces and their characteristics after removal of the brackets were evaluated through digital pictures. RESULTS: in the 15 seconds group, the mean bond strength was 3.63Mpa, significantly lower than the 1 minute group, that was 7.18Mpa (p

André Moreira, Mattos; Jonas, Capelli Júnior.

126

A simple bracket placement gauge.  

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Various techniques for placement of orthodontic brackets have been described. Metallic jigs or instruments are available for bracket placement at a desired height. The present article describes a simple bracket placement gauge to position the brackets accurately during bonding procedure. PMID:24358652

Hattarki, Rohan S

2013-01-01

127

Estudo comparativo de seis tipos de braquetes ortodônticos quanto à força de adesão / A comparative study of six types of orthodontic brackets with regard to bond strength  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: a realização de um diagnóstico acurado, assim como a correta seleção de materiais, especificamente dos braquetes, são requisitos importantes para o êxito da terapia ortodôntica. OBJETIVOS: investigar a influência de variados tipos de desenho da base de braquetes na força de adesão. METOD [...] OLOGIA: seis modelos foram avaliados mediante ensaio de cisalhamento - Discovery (Dentaurum) - metálico com retenções por laser e 13,12mm² de área da base; Monobloc (Morelli) - metálico em corpo único com protuberâncias e 10,22mm² de área; Edgewise Standard (Ortho Organizers) - metálico com base MIM (Metal Injection Molding) e 12,02mm² de área; Illusion Plus (Ortho Organizers) - porcelana com sulcos de retenção e 13,49mm² de área; Composite (Morelli) - policarbonato com protuberâncias para retenção mecânica e 14,68mm² de área; e Edgewise Standard (Morelli) - metálico com tela de retenção e 14,31mm² de área. Os braquetes foram colados em dentes bovinos (incisivos) com o sistema adesivo Fill Magic Ortodôntico (Vigodent), para a realização do teste. O ensaio foi executado em uma máquina de ensaios universal (EMIC), e a força de adesão foi computada, no momento da cisão, pelo software TESC, versão 3.01, medida em Newtons (N) e em Megapascal (Mpa). RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: não houve diferença estatística entre os braquetes testados, sendo que o grupo que apresentou a maior média de força de adesão foi o Discovery com 10,12Mpa. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: An accurate diagnosis as well as the correct selection of materials, brackets in particular, are important pre-requisites for success in orthodontic therapy. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of various brackets-base designs on bond strength. METHODS: Six models w [...] ere evaluated by a test of sheer bond strength: Discovery (Dentaurum) - metallic with laser grooves and 13.12mm² of base area; Monobloc (Morelli) - metallic one-piece with raised bumps and 10.22mm² of area; Edgewise Standard (Ortho Organizers) - metallic with MIM (Metal Injection Molding) and 12.02mm² of area; Illusion Plus (Ortho Organizers) - ceramic with retention ridges and 13.49mm² of area; Composite (Morelli) - polycarbonate with raised bumps for mechanical retention with 14.68mm² of area; and Edgewise Standard (Morelli) - metallic with single mesh and 14.31mm² of area. The brackets were bonded on bovine teeth with Fill Magic Ortodôntico (Vigodent) bond agent, for testing. The study was conduced in a universal test machine (EMIC), and the bond strength was recorded at the moment of split by TESC software, 3.01 version; it was calculated in newtons (N) and megapascal (Mpa). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: No statistical difference among tested brackets was found, and the group with the greatest average bond strength was Discovery with 10,12Mpa.

Leonardo de Aquino, Fleischmann; Márcio Costa, Sobral; Gildo Coelho, Santos Júnior; Fernando, Habib.

128

Estudo comparativo de seis tipos de braquetes ortodônticos quanto à força de adesão A comparative study of six types of orthodontic brackets with regard to bond strength  

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Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: a realização de um diagnóstico acurado, assim como a correta seleção de materiais, especificamente dos braquetes, são requisitos importantes para o êxito da terapia ortodôntica. OBJETIVOS: investigar a influência de variados tipos de desenho da base de braquetes na força de adesão. METODOLOGIA: seis modelos foram avaliados mediante ensaio de cisalhamento - Discovery (Dentaurum - metálico com retenções por laser e 13,12mm² de área da base; Monobloc (Morelli - metálico em corpo único com protuberâncias e 10,22mm² de área; Edgewise Standard (Ortho Organizers - metálico com base MIM (Metal Injection Molding e 12,02mm² de área; Illusion Plus (Ortho Organizers - porcelana com sulcos de retenção e 13,49mm² de área; Composite (Morelli - policarbonato com protuberâncias para retenção mecânica e 14,68mm² de área; e Edgewise Standard (Morelli - metálico com tela de retenção e 14,31mm² de área. Os braquetes foram colados em dentes bovinos (incisivos com o sistema adesivo Fill Magic Ortodôntico (Vigodent, para a realização do teste. O ensaio foi executado em uma máquina de ensaios universal (EMIC, e a força de adesão foi computada, no momento da cisão, pelo software TESC, versão 3.01, medida em Newtons (N e em Megapascal (Mpa. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: não houve diferença estatística entre os braquetes testados, sendo que o grupo que apresentou a maior média de força de adesão foi o Discovery com 10,12Mpa.INTRODUCTION: An accurate diagnosis as well as the correct selection of materials, brackets in particular, are important pre-requisites for success in orthodontic therapy. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of various brackets-base designs on bond strength. METHODS: Six models were evaluated by a test of sheer bond strength: Discovery (Dentaurum - metallic with laser grooves and 13.12mm² of base area; Monobloc (Morelli - metallic one-piece with raised bumps and 10.22mm² of area; Edgewise Standard (Ortho Organizers - metallic with MIM (Metal Injection Molding and 12.02mm² of area; Illusion Plus (Ortho Organizers - ceramic with retention ridges and 13.49mm² of area; Composite (Morelli - polycarbonate with raised bumps for mechanical retention with 14.68mm² of area; and Edgewise Standard (Morelli - metallic with single mesh and 14.31mm² of area. The brackets were bonded on bovine teeth with Fill Magic Ortodôntico (Vigodent bond agent, for testing. The study was conduced in a universal test machine (EMIC, and the bond strength was recorded at the moment of split by TESC software, 3.01 version; it was calculated in newtons (N and megapascal (Mpa. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: No statistical difference among tested brackets was found, and the group with the greatest average bond strength was Discovery with 10,12Mpa.

Leonardo de Aquino Fleischmann

2008-08-01

129

Evaluation of shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded on the tooth surface after internal bleaching / Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de briquettes ortodônticos colados na superfície dentária após clareamento interno  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Introdução : O apelo estético de pacientes que possuem dentes escurecidos é grande, pois atualmente os padrões estéticos se tornaram rigorosos e muitos pacientes antes ou durante o tratamento ortodôntico, realizam o procedimento de clareamento dental. Objetivo: Avaliar a adesão de braquetes or [...] todônticos em molares humanos que receberam clareamento interno. Material e método: Quarenta coroas de molares humanos foram divididas em quatro grupos, de acordo com o agente clareador utilizado: SP) perborato de sódio + água; SP) peróxido de carbamida; CP+SP) peróxido de carbamida + perborato de sódio; Cont) água (grupo controle). Os agentes clareadores colocados no interior das câmaras pulpares foram substituídos a cada 7 dias por 2 semanas, e a colagem dos braquetes foi efetuada após 30 dias do final do clareamento. O teste de resistência ao cisalhamento foi realizado em máquina de ensaios universal (Emic). Resultado: O teste estatístico ANOVA com nível de significância de 5% (p > 0,05), mostrou que não houve diferença estatística significante entre os grupos (p = 0,1214). Conclusão: Concluiu-se que os diferentes agentes clareadores estudados não interferem na resistência de adesão dos braquetes ao esmalte dentário e a colagem dos braquetes 30 dias após o clareamento interno é um procedimento seguro. Abstract in english Introduction: There is great demand for esthetic treatment by patients who have discolored teeth, because currently aesthetic standards have become stricter and many patients have tooth bleaching procedures performed before or during orthodontic treatment. Objective: To evaluate the bonding of [...] orthodontic brackets to human molars after internal tooth bleaching. Material and method: Forty molars were divided into four groups according to the bleaching agent used: PS) sodium perborate + water; PC) carbamide peroxide; PC + PS) carbamide peroxide + sodium perborate; Cont) water (control group). Bleaching agents placed inside the pulp chambers were replaced every 7 days for 2 weeks, and the brackets were bonded 30 days after the end of bleaching. The shear strength test was performed in a universal testing machine (Emic). Result: ANOVA with a significance level of 5% (p > 0.05), showed no statistically significant difference between groups (p = 0.1214). Conclusion: It was concluded that the different bleaching agents studied did not interfere with the bond strength of brackets to enamel and bonding the brackets 30 days after internal bleaching is a safe procedure.

Nadia de Souza, FERREIRA; Patrícia Campos Ferreira da, ROSA; Raffaela Di Iorio Jeronymo, FERREIRA; Marcia Carneiro, VALERA.

130

Intraoral aging of orthodontic materials: the picture we miss and its clinical relevance.  

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The purpose of this editorial is to systematically analyze the variety and potency of various aging variables affecting the morphology, structure, and mechanical properties of polymeric and metallic orthodontic materials. The effects of aging on the longevity of the bond strength and mechanotherapy were analyzed: aging-induced plasticization of resin adhesives might lead to bond failure at forces of magnitude lower than those sustained at the initiation of treatment. Standard in vitro methodologies cannot show this effect, and thus laboratory bond strength protocols require modification to become clinically meaningful. Also, the force transferred from an activated archwire to a preadjusted bracket slot, as well as friction during free sliding, seems to be affected by the intraorally induced alteration of materials. Although the effect of intraoral environmental conditions on the superelastic properties of nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) archwires and coil springs requires further research to establish the true spectrum of effects, it has been suggested that intraoral temperature variations might transiently affect their properties and that the fracture resistance of used Ni-Ti wires is reduced. Clinical implications are discussed for (1) in vivo-aged elastomeric ligatures and chains, which can be postulated to express much higher creep than their in vitro-aged counterparts; (2) the largely unknown effect of aging on the spring component of self-ligated brackets and the associated effect on ligation force; and (3) the intraorally induced alterations in the structural conformation of Invisalign appliances (Align Technology, Santa Clara, Calif). The objective of future research efforts in the field of orthodontic materials should include the development of clinically relevant methodologies. A clear definition of limitations of laboratory experimental configurations might be instrumental in confining the clinical impact of research findings to their actual extent. PMID:15821684

Eliades, Theodore; Bourauel, Christoph

2005-04-01

131

[SIBSytem: innovation for bracket bonding?].  

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The orthodontic bracket placement has known two major improvements these last fifty years: first with the ability of bonding brackets directly on the enamel (Newmann 1965); second with the indirect bonding procedure introduced by Silvermann and Cohen in 1972. If we put aside the technological evolutions of bonding materials (brackets and adhesives), few refinements have occurred regarding the protocols in this period of time. Furthermore, direct bonding procedure seems to be used by a majority of orthodontists despite the rapidity, accuracy and ergonomics promised by indirect bonding protocol. The main originality of the system detailed in this article is to bond orthodontic brackets in a virtually predetermined position with indirect bonding advantages but with the efficiency of direct bonding because the adhesive is applied directly on the bracket base without pre-bonding necessity. This innovation has been allowed by the use of up-to-date CFAO technology. The article first describes the two components of the SIBSystem (SIBClip and SIBTray) and details the manufacturing stages. The clinical use is then evoked as well as the cautions and limits of this innovative bonding system. PMID:23719248

Moreau, Alexis

2013-06-01

132

Clinical evaluation of the failure rates of metallic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo the bonding of metallic orthodontic brackets with different adhesive systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients (10.5-15.1 years old) who had sought corrective orthodontic treatment at a University Orthodontic Clinic were evaluated. Brack [...] ets were bonded from the right second premolar to the left second premolar in the upper and lower arches using: Orthodontic Concise, conventional Transbond XT, Transbond XT without primer, and Transbond XT associated with Transbond Plus Self-etching Primer (TPSEP). The 4 adhesive systems were used in all patients using a split-mouth design; each adhesive system was used in one quadrant of each dental arch, so that each group of 5 patients received the same bonding sequence. Initial archwires were inserted 1 week after bracket bonding. The number of bracket failures for each adhesive system was quantified over a 6-month period. RESULTS: The number of debonded brackets was: 8- Orthodontic Concise, 2- conventional Transbond XT, 9- Transbond XT without primer, and 1- Transbond XT + TPSEP. By using the Kaplan-Meier methods, statistically significant differences were found between the materials (p=0.0198), and the Logrank test identified these differences. Conventional Transbond XT and Transbond XT + TPSEP adhesive systems were statistically superior to Orthodontic Concise and Transbond XT without primer (p

Fábio Lourenço, Romano; Américo Bortolazzo, Correr; Lourenço, Correr-Sobrinho; Maria Beatriz Borges de Araújo, Magnani; Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Ruellas.

133

Frictional resistance of self-ligating versus conventional brackets in different bracket-archwire-angle combinations  

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Objective To compare the influence of archwire material (NiTi, beta-Ti and stainless steel) and brackets design (self-ligating and conventional) on the frictional force resistance. Material and Methods Two types of brackets (self-ligating brackets - Smartclip, 3M/Unitek - and conventional brackets - Gemini, 3M/Unitek) with three (0, 5, and 10 degrees) slot angulation attached with elastomeric ligatures (TP Orthodontics) were tested. All brackets were tested with archwire 0.019"x0.025" nickel-titanium, beta-titanium, and stainless steel (Unitek/3M). The mechanical testing was performed with a universal testing machine eMIC DL 10000 (eMIC Co, Brazil). The wires were pulled from the bracket slots at a cross-head speed of 3 mm/min until 2 mm displacement. Results Self-ligating brackets produced significantly lower friction values compared with those of conventional brackets. Frictional force resistance values were directly proportional to the increase in the bracket/ wire angulation. With regard to conventional brackets, stainless steel wires had the lowest friction force values, followed by nickel-titanium and beta-titanium ones. With regard to self-ligating brackets, the nickel-titanium wires had the lowest friction values, significantly lower than those of other materials. Conclusion even at different angulations, the self-ligating brackets showed significantly lower friction force values than the conventional brackets. Combined with nickel-titanium wires, the self-ligating brackets exhibit much lower friction, possibly due to the contact between nickel-titanium clips and wires of the same material.

MONTEIRO, Maria Regina Guerra; da SILVA, Licinio Esmeraldo; ELIAS, Carlos Nelson; VILELLA, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos

2014-01-01

134

The Shear Bond Strengths of Metal and Ceramic Brackets: An in-Vitro Comparative Study.  

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Aim: This study has compared the Shear Bond Strengths (SBSs) of ceramic brackets and metal brackets. Materials and Method: Forty freshly extracted, human maxillary first premolars were selected for bonding. They were equally bonded with ceramic brackets (Transcend series 6000) and metal brackets (Mini Dynalock Straight wire brackets). A no - mix orthodontic adhesive system was used. Their shear bond strengths were measured by using the Instron universal machine. Results: The mean bond strength of the ceramic brackets was 20.68 ± 3.89 Mpa and that of the metal brackets was 12.15 ± 1.32 MPa. Conclusion: The shear bond strength of the ceramic brackets was found to be superior than that of the metal brackets. PMID:23998105

Reddy, Y G; Sharma, Rohit; Singh, Ammandeep; Agrawal, Vishal; Agrawal, Vijay; Chaturvedi, Saurab

2013-07-01

135

Frictional resistance of self-ligating versus conventional brackets in different bracket-archwire-angle combinations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Objective: To compare the influence of archwire material (NiTi, beta-Ti and stainless steel) and brackets design (self-ligating and conventional) on the frictional force resistance. Material and Methods: Two types of brackets (self-ligating brackets - Smartclip, 3M/Unitek - and conventional brack [...] ets - Gemini, 3M/Unitek) with three (0, 5, and 10 degrees) slot angulation attached with elastomeric ligatures (TP Orthodontics) were tested. All brackets were tested with archwire 0.019"x0.025" nickel-titanium, beta-titanium, and stainless steel (Unitek/3M). The mechanical testing was performed with a universal testing machine eMIC DL 10000 (eMIC Co, Brazil). The wires were pulled from the bracket slots at a cross-head speed of 3 mm/min until 2 mm displacement. Results: Self-ligating brackets produced significantly lower friction values compared with those of conventional brackets. Frictional force resistance values were directly proportional to the increase in the bracket/ wire angulation. With regard to conventional brackets, stainless steel wires had the lowest friction force values, followed by nickel-titanium and beta-titanium ones. With regard to self-ligating brackets, the nickel-titanium wires had the lowest friction values, significantly lower than those of other materials. Conclusion: even at different angulations, the self-ligating brackets showed significantly lower friction force values than the conventional brackets. Combined with nickel-titanium wires, the self-ligating brackets exhibit much lower friction, possibly due to the contact between nickel-titanium clips and wires of the same material.

Maria Regina Guerra, MONTEIRO; Licinio Esmeraldo da, SILVA; Carlos Nelson, ELIAS; Oswaldo de Vasconcellos, VILELLA.

136

A bracket design proposal for the first molar  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The advent of bracket bonding simplified the assembly of orthodontic braces, besides giving more comfort to the patient and decreasing the risk of decalcification. However, there is no first molar bracket with accessory tube and hooks in the market, except for the convertible type.Objective:To present a patent for utility model of a bracket Roth prescription, Straight-Wire technique for first molar, in order to facilitate orthodontic treatment where there is a need for placing accessories in second molars.Material and methods:This patent consists of a molar bracket for bonding, which contains a retentive base for this, similar to the bracket used in the Edgewise technique,with fins for placing alastic or metal ligature,but containing pre-angles and torques as the tubes of the molar Straight-Wire technique with Roth prescription.It also includes an accessory tube for placing arches or cantilevers and hooks for placing elastics.Results and conclusion:With this bracket design proposal it is possible to obtain an accessory that facilitates the inclusion of the second molar in the assembly of the orthodontic brace without the use of bands.Moreover, this bracket has fins for placing ligatures,accessory tube for placing arches or cantilevers and hooks for placing elastics.

Roberto Scalon

2010-07-01

137

Rapid debonding of polycrystalline ceramic orthodontic brackets with an Er:YAG laser: an in vitro study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The usefulness of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser irradiation for debonding ceramic brackets is assessed using a single laser pulse. Damon Clear brackets were chosen for their 85 % transmission of 2.94 ?m radiation and were bonded to 20 human third molars using the Blugloo adhesive system. Laser parameters comprised of 600 mJ pulse energy with 800 ?s duration, 1.3 mm fiber tip. Light microscopy was used to assess Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) scores, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images were taken of the cross-section of the enamel-adhesive interface. Nineteen brackets (95 %) were successfully debonded with a single laser pulse, while one bracket (5 %) required eight pulses for debonding. For all teeth, the SEM analysis showed no signs of damage to the enamel, and ARI scores of three were observed, supporting the result that the laser effect is confined in the adhesive. The presented laser parameters are able to rapidly debond suitable brackets. The debonding mechanism was concluded to be thermomechanical ablation for single pulse debonding. PMID:23525867

Mundethu, Ambili Roselina; Gutknecht, Norbert; Franzen, Rene

2013-03-24

138

Hypersensitivity to conventional and to nickel-free orthodontic brackets / Hipersensibilidade a bráquetes ortodônticos convencionais e a bráquetes "nickel-free"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a capacidade alergênica provocada pelos bráquetes ortodônticos, comparando a sensibilidade cutânea provocada pelos metais presentes nos bráquetes metálicos convencionais com a provocada por bráquetes com baixa concentração de níquel ("nickel-free"). A amostra [...] foi selecionada dos 400 pacientes em tratamento da clínica de Ortodontia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil), no período compreendido entre o início de 2002 e o final de 2003. A amostra consistiu de 58 pacientes (30 homens e 28 mulheres), com idades variando de 11 a 30 anos, os quais eram portadores de aparelho ortodôntico fixo Morelli® em ambos os arcos. Estes pacientes foram diagnosticados quanto à sensibilidade ao níquel, por meio da aplicação do "patch test" com sulfato de níquel a 5%. Em uma segunda fase, trinta dias após o "patch test", comparou-se a sensibilidade cutânea provocada pelos metais presentes nos bráquetes convencionais e nos "Nickel Free", por meio de um teste de sensibilidade cutânea utilizando-se dois tipos de corpos-de-provas, em formato de disco, com a mesma composição destes bráquetes. A área de eleição para realização deste teste foi a parte interna do antebraço, sendo aplicados vinte corpos-de-prova de cada experimento (referente a uma boca completa de bráquetes). Dos 58 pacientes avaliados, 16 deles foram sensíveis ao "patch test" com sulfato de níquel a 5%. Dentre estes 16 pacientes, 12 deles desenvolveram reação alérgica ao Experimento 1 (corpo-de-prova com níquel), enquanto que no Experimento 2 (corpo-de-prova "Niquel Free") apenas 5 pacientes apresentaram sensibilidade a esta amostra. O teste de McNemar revelou que os corpos-de-prova "nickel-free" provocaram menor reação alérgica quando comparados aos convencionais (p = 0.016). Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the allergenic potential of orthodontic brackets, comparing the cutaneous sensitivity provoked by metals present in conventional metallic brackets to that provoked by brackets with a low concentration of nickel, known as "nickel-free". A sample was selected from [...] 400 patients undergoing treatment in the orthodontic clinic of the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil), in the period from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2003. A cutaneous sensitivity patch test containing 5% nickel sulphate was used in 58 patients (30 males and 28 females), aged between 11 and 30, which were using fixed appliances with Morelli® brackets in both arches. In a second phase, 30 days later, a comparative test of cutaneous sensitivity was applied to the whole sample with two types of test specimens, in the form of a disc. Two alloys were tested: discs composed of the alloy used in the construction of conventional brackets and discs composed of a nickel-free alloy. The internal part of the forearm was chosen for testing, and 20 test specimens of each experiment (corresponding to the twenty brackets of a complete fixed appliance) were applied. Of the 58 patients evaluated, 16 patients were sensitive to the patch test with 5% nickel sulphate. Out of these 16 patients, 12 developed an allergic reaction to experiment 1 (test specimen with nickel), while in experiment 2, only 5 patients showed sensitivity to that sample. The McNemar test revealed that the nickel-free test specimens provoked less allergic reaction when compared with the conventional alloy (p = 0.016).

Mariele Cristina Garcia, Pantuzo; Elton Gonçalves, Zenóbio; Helenice de Andrade, Marigo; Madelon Aparecida Fernandes, Zenóbio.

139

Hypersensitivity to conventional and to nickel-free orthodontic brackets Hipersensibilidade a bráquetes ortodônticos convencionais e a bráquetes "nickel-free"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the allergenic potential of orthodontic brackets, comparing the cutaneous sensitivity provoked by metals present in conventional metallic brackets to that provoked by brackets with a low concentration of nickel, known as "nickel-free". A sample was selected from 400 patients undergoing treatment in the orthodontic clinic of the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, in the period from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2003. A cutaneous sensitivity patch test containing 5% nickel sulphate was used in 58 patients (30 males and 28 females, aged between 11 and 30, which were using fixed appliances with Morelli® brackets in both arches. In a second phase, 30 days later, a comparative test of cutaneous sensitivity was applied to the whole sample with two types of test specimens, in the form of a disc. Two alloys were tested: discs composed of the alloy used in the construction of conventional brackets and discs composed of a nickel-free alloy. The internal part of the forearm was chosen for testing, and 20 test specimens of each experiment (corresponding to the twenty brackets of a complete fixed appliance were applied. Of the 58 patients evaluated, 16 patients were sensitive to the patch test with 5% nickel sulphate. Out of these 16 patients, 12 developed an allergic reaction to experiment 1 (test specimen with nickel, while in experiment 2, only 5 patients showed sensitivity to that sample. The McNemar test revealed that the nickel-free test specimens provoked less allergic reaction when compared with the conventional alloy (p = 0.016.Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a capacidade alergênica provocada pelos bráquetes ortodônticos, comparando a sensibilidade cutânea provocada pelos metais presentes nos bráquetes metálicos convencionais com a provocada por bráquetes com baixa concentração de níquel ("nickel-free". A amostra foi selecionada dos 400 pacientes em tratamento da clínica de Ortodontia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil, no período compreendido entre o início de 2002 e o final de 2003. A amostra consistiu de 58 pacientes (30 homens e 28 mulheres, com idades variando de 11 a 30 anos, os quais eram portadores de aparelho ortodôntico fixo Morelli® em ambos os arcos. Estes pacientes foram diagnosticados quanto à sensibilidade ao níquel, por meio da aplicação do "patch test" com sulfato de níquel a 5%. Em uma segunda fase, trinta dias após o "patch test", comparou-se a sensibilidade cutânea provocada pelos metais presentes nos bráquetes convencionais e nos "Nickel Free", por meio de um teste de sensibilidade cutânea utilizando-se dois tipos de corpos-de-provas, em formato de disco, com a mesma composição destes bráquetes. A área de eleição para realização deste teste foi a parte interna do antebraço, sendo aplicados vinte corpos-de-prova de cada experimento (referente a uma boca completa de bráquetes. Dos 58 pacientes avaliados, 16 deles foram sensíveis ao "patch test" com sulfato de níquel a 5%. Dentre estes 16 pacientes, 12 deles desenvolveram reação alérgica ao Experimento 1 (corpo-de-prova com níquel, enquanto que no Experimento 2 (corpo-de-prova "Niquel Free" apenas 5 pacientes apresentaram sensibilidade a esta amostra. O teste de McNemar revelou que os corpos-de-prova "nickel-free" provocaram menor reação alérgica quando comparados aos convencionais (p = 0.016.

Mariele Cristina Garcia Pantuzo

2007-12-01

140

21 CFR 872.3750 - Bracket adhesive resin and tooth conditioner.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2009-04-01 false Bracket adhesive resin and tooth conditioner. 872...872.3750 Bracket adhesive resin and tooth conditioner. ...Identification. A bracket adhesive resin and tooth conditioner is a...polymethylmethacrylate, intended to cement an orthodontic bracket to...

2009-04-01

 
 
 
 
141

Effect of Fast Curing Lights, Argon Laser, and Plasma Arc on Bond Strengths of Orthodontic Brackets: An In Vitro Study  

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Objective: Nowadays light-cured composites are used widely by orthodontists to bond brackets. As these composites require 20-40 seconds time per tooth to be light cured, more chair-time in needed compared to self-cured composites. In recent years, the argon laser and plasma arc lights have been introduced in dentistry to reduce this curing time. The purpose of this study was to compare bond strength of brackets bonded with the argon la-ser and plasma arc light with those bonded with the conve...

2008-01-01

142

Fracture strength of different soldered and welded orthodontic joining configurations with and without filling material  

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The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical strength of different joints made by conventional brazing, TIG and laser welding with and without filling material. Five standardized joining configurations of orthodontic wire in spring hard quality were used: round, cross, 3 mm length, 9 mm length and 7 mm to orthodontic band. The joints were made by five different methods: brazing, tungsten inert gas (TIG) and laser welding with and without filling material. For the original orthodontic w...

Jens Johannes Bock; Jacqueline Bailly; Christian Ralf Gernhardt; Robert Andreas Werner Fuhrmann

2008-01-01

143

Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: análise por microscopia eletrônica de varredura Analysis of biodegradation of orthodontic brackets using scanning electron microscopy  

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OBJETIVO: analisar, por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, as alterações químicas e estruturais de braquetes metálicos submetidos a um processo de biodegradação in vitro. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi dividida em dois grupos, de acordo com a marca comercial dos acessórios - Grupo A = Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303) e Grupo B = LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). Os corpos de prova, aparelhos ortodônticos simulados, permaneceram imersos em solução salina (0,...

2010-01-01

144

Wear comparison of thermoplastic materials used for orthodontic retainers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clear thermoplastic retainers are an alternative to fixed lingual retainers and removable Hawley appliances. However, thermoplastic retainers have demonstrated poor wear resistance and durability after only a few months of use. In this study, a simulated wear device was used to compare the wear of different thermoplastic materials used for orthodontic retainers. Three thermoplastic products were evaluated: C+ (Raintree Essix, New Orleans, La),.040-in Invisacryl C (Great Lakes Orthodontics, Towanda, NY), and.040-in TR sheet material (Bay Dental Direct, Bay City, Mich). Twenty specimens were fabricated for each group. The specimens were vacuum thermoformed according to the manufacturers' recommendations and subjected to wear for 1000 cycles in a wear apparatus with steatite ceramic abraders. Depth of wear was determined by surface profilometry. The maximum peak-to-valley measurement was recorded for each specimen. Mean wear (SD) in microns was as follows: C+, 5.9 (2.4); Invisacryl C, 6.1 (2.6); and TR, 1.6 (0.9). One-way analysis of variance detected a significant difference between groups (P PETG), demonstrated greater resistance to wear than did the other 2 materials, which were softer, polypropylene-based thermoplastics. There was no evidence to suggest a difference in mean wear between the 2 polypropylene-based materials (P >.05). PMID:12970663

Gardner, Gary D; Dunn, William J; Taloumis, Louis

2003-09-01

145

Biodegradação de braquetes ortodônticos: avaliação da liberação iônica in vitro Biodegradation of orthodontic brackets: in vitro ion release  

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OBJETIVO: avaliar, in vitro, a biodegradação de aparelhos ortodônticos simulados constituídos de braquetes e fios de aço inoxidável. METODOLOGIA: a amostra foi dividida em 2 grupos, de acordo com a marca dos braquetes usados: grupo A - Dyna-Lock, 3M/Unitek (AISI 303); e grupo B - LG Edgewise Standard, American Orthodontics (AISI 316L). Os corpos-de-prova permaneceram incubados em solução salina (0,05%) a 36ºC, sob agitação por um período de até 60 dias. A análise da liberação ...

2008-01-01

146

Avaliação da influência dos tipos de tratamento superficial da porcelana glazeada na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos / Evaluation of the influence of porcelain conditioning techniques in orthodontic brackets bonding  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do tipo de tratamento superficial da porcelana na resistência adesiva da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos e o modo de fratura após a descolagem. METODOLOGIA:foram confeccionados 80 corpos-de-prova de porcelana, divididos em quatro grupos [...] (n = 18) de acordo com os diferentes tratamentos de superfície: (G1) ponta diamantada; (G2) ponta diamantada e silano; (G3) ácido hidrofluorídrico e (G4) ácido hidrofluorídrico e silano. Após o preparo das superfícies, braquetes Edgewise (Morelli) foram colados com resina (Transbond XT, 3M) e submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento. Os resultados foram avaliados estatisticamente pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis. RESULTADO: o grupo G1 apresentou uma média de resistência de 3,35, o G2 3,97, o G3 2,56 e o G4 3,10. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se que não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na resistência adesiva do braquete entre os tipos de tratamentos estudados (p > 0,05) e os modos de fratura ocorreram, em sua grande maioria, na interface braquete/resina. Este estudo indica que todos os tipos de tratamentos apresentados são eficientes para a colagem. Abstract in english AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of various porcelain surface treatments on the strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain and the fracture mode after debonding. METHODS: Eighty samples of porcelain were randomly divided into four groups according to their surface p [...] reparation, as follows: (G1) diamond bur, (G2) diamond bur with silane, (G3) hydrofluoridic acid and (G4) hydrofluoridic acid with silane. After surface treatment the Edgewise brackets (Morelli) were bonded with resin (Transbond XT, 3M) and sheared off. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test were applied on the data. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in bond strength between the groups (p > 0.05) and the fracture mode in most of the porcelain occurred in the composite/bracket interface. The G1 had an resistance average of 3.35, G2 = 3.97, G3 = 2.56 and G4 = 3.10.

Camila Belo, Falcão; Adriano Marques, Brito; Fernando Jorge Mendes, Ahid.

147

Avaliação da influência dos tipos de tratamento superficial da porcelana glazeada na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos Evaluation of the influence of porcelain conditioning techniques in orthodontic brackets bonding  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do tipo de tratamento superficial da porcelana na resistência adesiva da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos e o modo de fratura após a descolagem. METODOLOGIA:foram confeccionados 80 corpos-de-prova de porcelana, divididos em quatro grupos (n = 18 de acordo com os diferentes tratamentos de superfície: (G1 ponta diamantada; (G2 ponta diamantada e silano; (G3 ácido hidrofluorídrico e (G4 ácido hidrofluorídrico e silano. Após o preparo das superfícies, braquetes Edgewise (Morelli foram colados com resina (Transbond XT, 3M e submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento. Os resultados foram avaliados estatisticamente pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis. RESULTADO: o grupo G1 apresentou uma média de resistência de 3,35, o G2 3,97, o G3 2,56 e o G4 3,10. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se que não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na resistência adesiva do braquete entre os tipos de tratamentos estudados (p > 0,05 e os modos de fratura ocorreram, em sua grande maioria, na interface braquete/resina. Este estudo indica que todos os tipos de tratamentos apresentados são eficientes para a colagem.AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of various porcelain surface treatments on the strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain and the fracture mode after debonding. METHODS: Eighty samples of porcelain were randomly divided into four groups according to their surface preparation, as follows: (G1 diamond bur, (G2 diamond bur with silane, (G3 hydrofluoridic acid and (G4 hydrofluoridic acid with silane. After surface treatment the Edgewise brackets (Morelli were bonded with resin (Transbond XT, 3M and sheared off. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test were applied on the data. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in bond strength between the groups (p > 0.05 and the fracture mode in most of the porcelain occurred in the composite/bracket interface. The G1 had an resistance average of 3.35, G2 = 3.97, G3 = 2.56 and G4 = 3.10.

Camila Belo Falcão

2009-06-01

148

Immediate versus Delayed Force Application after Orthodontic Bonding; An In Vitro Study  

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Statement of Problem: Bracket de-bonding during initial orthodontic archwire placement immediately after bracket set up or following re-bonding a single bracket can be a clinical concern.Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of time on the shear bond strength of a no-mix orthodontic composite adhesive.Materials and Methods: Seventy freshly extracted human upper first premolars were collected and stored in normal saline solution. The teeth were cleaned, polished, and...

2006-01-01

149

[The materials engineering characteristics of orthodontic nickel-titanium wires].  

Science.gov (United States)

Since their introduction in 1971 nickel-titanium wires have been widely used in orthodontics. Today, there is a multitude of new NiTi-alloys, whose properties are described. Beside the memory effect, these alloys have particular elastic properties, which can be characterized by a low modulus of elasticity, excellent springback, and pseudoelasticity (superelasticity). These properties are a consequence of the fact that depending on temperature and mechanical stress NiTi-alloys have two crystalline structures: martensite and austenite. The transition between these two phases, called martensitic transformation, is responsible for the memory effect, where a one way and a two way effect can be distinguished. For orthodontic applications pseudoelasticity is regarded as a highly favourable property. Pseudoelastic behavior is caused by stress induced martensite. Analysing the elastic properties of the available wires two categories can be distinguished: "work hardened martensite" and "pseudoelastic alloy". The biocompatibility of NiTi is sufficient, it can be used as an implant material. PMID:2286345

Drescher, D; Bourauel, C; Thier, M

1990-12-01

150

A comparative clinical study of the failure rate of orthodontic brackets bonded with two adhesive systems: conventional and self-etching primer (SEP)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o desempenho clínico da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos com resina Transbond (3M Unitek) associada a dois sistemas adesivos: convencional em duas etapas (ataque ácido + Transbond XT adhesive Primer) e Self-Etching Primer (SEP), em etapa única (T [...] ransbond Plus). MÉTODOS: a amostra foi constituída de 480 braquetes metálicos (Victory, 3M Unitek), colados em 24 pacientes, que foram tratados durante um período de 36 a 48 meses. A colagem foi feita por meio do sistema split-mouth, utilizando os dois sistemas de colagem em cada paciente. Foi analisada a taxa de queda dos braquetes para cada sistema de colagem, descrita a causa da queda conforme relato do paciente e a posição dos dentes nas arcadas. RESULTADOS: o sistema adesivo convencional apresentou taxa de queda de 5,41%, enquanto a do SEP foi de 4,58%. O sistema convencional apresentou 5 quedas (38,4%) no quadrante superior direito, 2 (15,4%) no quadrante superior esquerdo, 4 (30,8%) no quadrante inferior direito e 2 (15,4%) no quadrante inferior esquerdo. O SEP apresentou 4 quedas (36,4%) no quadrante superior direito, 1 (9%) no quadrante superior esquerdo, 3 (27,3%) no quadrante inferior direito e 3 (27,3%) no quadrante inferior esquerdo. Por meio da análise estatística descritiva e do teste Odds Ratio, constatou-se que não houve diferença significativa entre essas taxas (p = 0,67). CONCLUSÃO: com base nesses resultados, pode-se concluir que o sistema adesivo SEP apresentou eficácia clínica semelhante à do sistema adesivo convencional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study compared the clinical performance of orthodontic brackets bonded with Transbond adhesive paste after two priming systems: a two-stage conventional system (acid etching + Transbond XT adhesive primer) and a singlestage self-etching primer (SEP) (Transbond Plus). METHODS: The sam [...] ple comprised 480 metal brackets bonded to the teeth of 24 consecutive patients treated for 36 to 48 months. A split-mouth design was used for bonding, and both systems were used in each patient. Bracket failure rates for each system were analyzed; and failure causes as reported by the patients and the quadrant of teeth for which brackets failed were recorded. RESULTS: The conventional system group had a failure rate of 5.41%, whereas the rate for SEP was 4.58%. In this group, there were 5 failures (38.4%) in the right maxillary quadrant, 2 (15.4%) in the left maxillary quadrant, 4 (30.8%) in the right mandibular quadrant, and 2 (15.4%) in the left mandibular quadrant. In the SEP group, there were 4 (36.4%) failures in the right maxillary quadrant, 1 (9%) in the left maxillary quadrant, 3 (27.3%) in the right mandibular quadrant, and 3 (27.3%) in the left mandibular quadrant. Results of descriptive statistical analysis and odds ratio did not show any significant differences between rates (p = 0.67). CONCLUSION: The clinical efficiency of SEP was similar to that of the conventional system.

Gladys Cristina, Dominguez; André, Tortamano; Luiz Vicente de Moura, Lopes; Priscilla Campanatti Chibebe, Catharino; Camillo, Morea.

151

Lingual Orthodontics  

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Full Text Available At the early stages of the 80's, most of the practitioners and the patients have been seduced by lingual But the difficulties of the technique have rapidly given a disappointment. Today ten years later the authors present the progress which have been realized: the evolution of the brackets, the accuracy of their placement in the lab procedures, the making of the wire, the increase in patient's comfort. So this article attempts to review some of the advantages, disadvantages, bracket systems and aboratory procedures of lingual orthodontics.

Vasu murthy S

2009-12-01

152

O efeito do jateamento do esmalte na força de adesão na colagem de braquetes The effect of air abrasion in enamel adhesion of orthodontic bracket  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: o propósito deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar o efeito do jateamento com óxido de alumínio na adesão de braquetes ortodônticos e compará-lo à tradicional técnica de condicionamento ácido do esmalte. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizados 80 dentes bovinos distribuídos aleatoriamente entre quatro grupos, sendo que a superfície do esmalte foi tratada da seguinte maneira: grupo 1 (somente jateamento com óxido de alumínio, grupo 2 (profilaxia com pedra-pomes e condicionamento com ácido, grupo 3 (jateamento com óxido de alumínio e condicionamento ácido e grupo 4 (somente condicionamento ácido. Após, foi aplicado sistema adesivo e o braquete colado com resina. Os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento e análise do IAR. Aos resultados foram aplicados o teste de variância múltipla (ANOVA e a comparação entre pares (Tukey. Para a análise do IAR foi aplicado o teste Qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: o grupo 1 apresentou a menor resistência ao cisalhamento (3,6MPa e o 3 a maior (13,27MPa. A análise Qui-quadrado do IAR demonstrou que o tratamento da superfície do esmalte tem influência sobre a quantidade de remanescente de resina sobre o esmalte e os grupos 3 e 4 apresentaram a maior quantidade de resina aderida. CONCLUSÕES: o jateamento de óxido de alumínio não deve ser o único procedimento utilizado no preparo da superfície do esmalte na colagem de braquetes, porém, quando associado ao condicionamento ácido, mostrou-se eficaz no aumento da retenção entre esmalte e resina. Novos estudos são necessários visando menor dano do esmalte e adesão satisfatória.AIM: The purpose of this study in vitro was to evaluate the effect of the air abrasion with Al-oxide in the adhesion of orthodontic brackets and compare with traditional technique of acid conditioning of the enamel. METHODS: Eighty bovine teeth distributed randomly between four groups had been used and the surface of the enamel was prepared in the following way: group 1 (only air abrasion, group 2 (enamel pumiced and acid conditioning, group 3 (air abrasion and acid conditioning and group 4 (only acid conditioning. After, adhesive system was applied and bracket was bonded with resin. Shear bond was assessed and analysis of the IAR was performed. Test of multiple variance (ANOVA and the comparison between pairs had been applied (Tukey on the results. For the analysis of the IAR the Qui-square test was applied. RESULTS: Group 1 presented the lowest shear strength (3,6MPa and 3 the greater (13,27MPa. The Qui-square analysis of the IAR demonstrated that the treatment of the enamel surface has influence on the amount of resin remainder on the enamel and groups 3 and 4 had presented the biggest amount of adhered resin. CONCLUSIONS: The air abrasion doesn’t have to be the only procedure used in the preparation of the enamel surface in the brackets bonding, however, when associated to the acid conditioning it revealed efficient in adhesion increase. New studies are necessary aiming at lesser damage of the enamel and satisfactory adhesion.

Carla D'Agostini Derech

2008-06-01

153

O efeito do jateamento do esmalte na força de adesão na colagem de braquetes / The effect of air abrasion in enamel adhesion of orthodontic bracket  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o propósito deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar o efeito do jateamento com óxido de alumínio na adesão de braquetes ortodônticos e compará-lo à tradicional técnica de condicionamento ácido do esmalte. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizados 80 dentes bovinos distribuídos aleatoriamente entre quatro gr [...] upos, sendo que a superfície do esmalte foi tratada da seguinte maneira: grupo 1 (somente jateamento com óxido de alumínio), grupo 2 (profilaxia com pedra-pomes e condicionamento com ácido), grupo 3 (jateamento com óxido de alumínio e condicionamento ácido) e grupo 4 (somente condicionamento ácido). Após, foi aplicado sistema adesivo e o braquete colado com resina. Os corpos-de-prova foram submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento e análise do IAR. Aos resultados foram aplicados o teste de variância múltipla (ANOVA) e a comparação entre pares (Tukey). Para a análise do IAR foi aplicado o teste Qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: o grupo 1 apresentou a menor resistência ao cisalhamento (3,6MPa) e o 3 a maior (13,27MPa). A análise Qui-quadrado do IAR demonstrou que o tratamento da superfície do esmalte tem influência sobre a quantidade de remanescente de resina sobre o esmalte e os grupos 3 e 4 apresentaram a maior quantidade de resina aderida. CONCLUSÕES: o jateamento de óxido de alumínio não deve ser o único procedimento utilizado no preparo da superfície do esmalte na colagem de braquetes, porém, quando associado ao condicionamento ácido, mostrou-se eficaz no aumento da retenção entre esmalte e resina. Novos estudos são necessários visando menor dano do esmalte e adesão satisfatória. Abstract in english AIM: The purpose of this study in vitro was to evaluate the effect of the air abrasion with Al-oxide in the adhesion of orthodontic brackets and compare with traditional technique of acid conditioning of the enamel. METHODS: Eighty bovine teeth distributed randomly between four groups had been used [...] and the surface of the enamel was prepared in the following way: group 1 (only air abrasion), group 2 (enamel pumiced and acid conditioning), group 3 (air abrasion and acid conditioning) and group 4 (only acid conditioning). After, adhesive system was applied and bracket was bonded with resin. Shear bond was assessed and analysis of the IAR was performed. Test of multiple variance (ANOVA) and the comparison between pairs had been applied (Tukey) on the results. For the analysis of the IAR the Qui-square test was applied. RESULTS: Group 1 presented the lowest shear strength (3,6MPa) and 3 the greater (13,27MPa). The Qui-square analysis of the IAR demonstrated that the treatment of the enamel surface has influence on the amount of resin remainder on the enamel and groups 3 and 4 had presented the biggest amount of adhered resin. CONCLUSIONS: The air abrasion doesn’t have to be the only procedure used in the preparation of the enamel surface in the brackets bonding, however, when associated to the acid conditioning it revealed efficient in adhesion increase. New studies are necessary aiming at lesser damage of the enamel and satisfactory adhesion.

Carla D' Agostini, Derech; Juliana da Silva, Pereira; Margareth Maria Gomes de, Souza.

154

Scanning electron microscopic examination of enamel surface after fixed orthodontic treatment: In-vivo study  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Therapy with fixed orthodontic appliances starts with bracket bonding and ends with debonding of brackets, leaving enamel surface varied. Objective. The aim of this pilot study was to examine enamel surface before and after debonding of orthodontic brackets by the use of scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Methods. Epoxy replicas of four patients’ premolars indicated for therapy with fixed orthodontic appliances were made and brackets were bonded to their teeth with a different adhesives (Enlight, No-mix, Fuji Ortho LC and Heliosit Orthodontic (n=4. Two months later, brackets on premolars were debonded and amounts of adhesive left on the tooth surfaces and the bracket bases were evaluated with the adhesive remnant index (ARI. After resin removal, epoxy replicas were made and the surface of premolars was evaluated with the enamel surface index (ESI. All replicas of premolars (n=32 were prepared for SEM examination and compared under different magnifications. Tooth damage was estimated based on correlation between ARItooth and ESI. Results. Pearson’s ?2 test showed no significant differences between ARItooth and ARIbracket of four materials used. Nonparametric correlations showed significant differences between ARItooth and ARIbracket, ESI and ARItooth, and between ESI and ARIbracket. Increasing of ARItooth is followed with the descent of ARIbracket and the ascent of ESI. Multivariate regression analysis showed a significant correlation between ESI and ARItooth. Conclusion. Most bond failures took place at enamel-adhesive interface. ARItooth was a predictor to enamel surface damage. The type of material did not affect enamel surface damage.

Sessa Tijana

2012-01-01

155

The Effect on Final Bond Strength of Bracket Manipulation Subsequent To Initial Positioning  

Science.gov (United States)

The shear bond strength of light activated orthodontic adhesives varies according to the composition of the material, placement protocol, and time prior to light curing. Manipulating brackets after their initial placement on a tooth can disrupt the adhesive's polymerization and compromise final bond strength. No previous research has investigated how a specific degree of manipulation, and the amount of time elapsed prior to curing, under specific lighting conditions, affects the orthodontic adhesives shear bond strength. Victory SeriesRTM, MBT prescription, premolar (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA) orthodontic brackets were bonded using three different adhesives to sixty (60) bicuspids and varying the time after bracket manipulation before curing. The shear bond strength was calculated for each specimen. The brackets were debonded and the same teeth were rebonded with new, identical brackets, using the same protocol and under the same conditions. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the shear bond strength of Transbond XT and Grengloo, with Transbond XT having the highest strength. There was also a statistically significance difference in bond strength between the group cured 30 seconds after manipulation and the groups manipulated at different intervals prior to curing, with the 30 second group having the highest bond strength. This study confirms that various orthodontic adhesives have different bond strengths depending on manipulation and varying times prior to curing each adhesive.

Beebe, David A.

156

Interferência dos diferentes glazeamentos na colagem de bráquetes ortodônticos em superfícies cerâmicas / Effects of the different glazed ceramic surfaces on the bond of orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram avaliadas diferentes formas de glazeamento da superfície de porcelana quanto à resistência ao cisalhamento de bráquetes metálicos colados com diferentes cimentos. Quarenta e dois corpos de prova de metalocerâmica foram confeccionados (2 controles) e divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com o t [...] ipo de glazeamento, com camada extra de glaze (G) ou auto-glazeados (AG), e o cimento utilizado, resina fotopolimerizável (r) ou ionômero de vidro resinosos (i), formando os seguintes grupos: Gr, Gi, AGr e AGi com 10 corpos de prova cada grupo. Todas as superfícies dos corpos de prova receberam tratamento com ácido fosfórico 35% por 30 s seguidos de uma camada de silano. Quarenta bráquetes metálicos foram colados. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos a termociclagem e ao teste de resistência ao cisalhamento com uma máquina universal de ensaios mecânicos. Uma amostra de cada grupo após descolagem, remoção da resina e polimento, foi avaliado em microscópio eletrônico de varredura. O índice de fratura coesiva da porcelana foi também avaliado. Os resultados mostram valores acima da média aceitável na literatura para todos os grupos, sendo que o grupo AGr apresentou valor menor (10,38 MPa) e estatisticamente significativo em relação aos demais. A análise no microscópio eletrônico de varredura mostrou que as superfícies, após polimento, não readquirem as características de antes da colagem, apesar de se apresentarem aceitáveis clinicamente. Houve fratura da porcelana em todos os grupos. Conclui-se que é possível se conseguir colagem adequada de bráquetes metálicos em superfícies metalocerâmicas auto-glazeadas e com camada extra de glaze, preservando-o, não necessitando reconhecer previamente a forma de glazeamento. Abstract in english Different glazing techniques for porcelain surface were evaluated in terms of shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded with different cements. Forty-two metal-ceramic samples were made (2 controls) and then divided into four groups according to type of glazing technique, either using extra gl [...] aze layer (G) or self-glazing material (SG), and type of adhesive material, that is, self-curing resin (r) or resin glass-ionomer cement (i), thus forming the following groups: Gr, Gi, SGr, and SGi with 10 samples each. The whole surface of all samples was treated with 35% phosphoric acid for 30 s, followed by application of silane layer. Forty metallic brackets were bonded. The samples were submitted to thermocycling process and shear bond strength test with a universal testing machine. After bracket debonding, removal of resin, and polishing, one sample from each group was evaluated with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The index of cohesive porcelain fracture was also assessed. The results show that all the groups had, on average, values higher than those found in the literature, with AGr presenting the lowest value (10.38 MPa) compared to other groups. SEM analysis showed that the porcelain surfaces did not recover their original characteristics before the bracket debonding procedure, although they were considered acceptable for clinical use. Porcelain fracture was observed in all groups. One can conclude that it is possible to bond metallic brackets adequately to metal-ceramic porcelain surfaces previously treated with either self-glazing material or extra glaze layer without having to recognise the glazing technique originally employed.

A. C, Dalvi; A. M, Bolognese.

157

Interferência dos diferentes glazeamentos na colagem de bráquetes ortodônticos em superfícies cerâmicas Effects of the different glazed ceramic surfaces on the bond of orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available Foram avaliadas diferentes formas de glazeamento da superfície de porcelana quanto à resistência ao cisalhamento de bráquetes metálicos colados com diferentes cimentos. Quarenta e dois corpos de prova de metalocerâmica foram confeccionados (2 controles e divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com o tipo de glazeamento, com camada extra de glaze (G ou auto-glazeados (AG, e o cimento utilizado, resina fotopolimerizável (r ou ionômero de vidro resinosos (i, formando os seguintes grupos: Gr, Gi, AGr e AGi com 10 corpos de prova cada grupo. Todas as superfícies dos corpos de prova receberam tratamento com ácido fosfórico 35% por 30 s seguidos de uma camada de silano. Quarenta bráquetes metálicos foram colados. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos a termociclagem e ao teste de resistência ao cisalhamento com uma máquina universal de ensaios mecânicos. Uma amostra de cada grupo após descolagem, remoção da resina e polimento, foi avaliado em microscópio eletrônico de varredura. O índice de fratura coesiva da porcelana foi também avaliado. Os resultados mostram valores acima da média aceitável na literatura para todos os grupos, sendo que o grupo AGr apresentou valor menor (10,38 MPa e estatisticamente significativo em relação aos demais. A análise no microscópio eletrônico de varredura mostrou que as superfícies, após polimento, não readquirem as características de antes da colagem, apesar de se apresentarem aceitáveis clinicamente. Houve fratura da porcelana em todos os grupos. Conclui-se que é possível se conseguir colagem adequada de bráquetes metálicos em superfícies metalocerâmicas auto-glazeadas e com camada extra de glaze, preservando-o, não necessitando reconhecer previamente a forma de glazeamento.Different glazing techniques for porcelain surface were evaluated in terms of shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded with different cements. Forty-two metal-ceramic samples were made (2 controls and then divided into four groups according to type of glazing technique, either using extra glaze layer (G or self-glazing material (SG, and type of adhesive material, that is, self-curing resin (r or resin glass-ionomer cement (i, thus forming the following groups: Gr, Gi, SGr, and SGi with 10 samples each. The whole surface of all samples was treated with 35% phosphoric acid for 30 s, followed by application of silane layer. Forty metallic brackets were bonded. The samples were submitted to thermocycling process and shear bond strength test with a universal testing machine. After bracket debonding, removal of resin, and polishing, one sample from each group was evaluated with a scanning electron microscope (SEM. The index of cohesive porcelain fracture was also assessed. The results show that all the groups had, on average, values higher than those found in the literature, with AGr presenting the lowest value (10.38 MPa compared to other groups. SEM analysis showed that the porcelain surfaces did not recover their original characteristics before the bracket debonding procedure, although they were considered acceptable for clinical use. Porcelain fracture was observed in all groups. One can conclude that it is possible to bond metallic brackets adequately to metal-ceramic porcelain surfaces previously treated with either self-glazing material or extra glaze layer without having to recognise the glazing technique originally employed.

A. C Dalvi

2010-06-01

158

Comparison of static friction with self-ligating, modified slot design and conventional brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare the static frictional forces generated at the bracket/wire interface of stainless steel brackets with different geometries and angulations, combined with orthodontic wires of different diameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The frictional forces were evaluated with three differe [...] nt types of metal brackets: a passive self-ligating (SmartClipTM, 3M/Unitek, Monrovia, USA), with a modified slot design (Mini Uni TwinTM, 3M/Unitek, Monrovia, USA) and conventional (Kirium, Abzil, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil). The samples were mounted in a testing device with three different angulations and tested with 0.014" and 0.018" stainless steel wires (American Orthodontics, Sheboygan, USA). The static frictional force was measured using a universal testing machine (DL 500, EMIC®, São José dos Pinhais, Brazil) with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Statistical analysis was performed by two-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni's post hoc test. RESULTS: There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in static friction when the three types of brackets were tested with the same wire size. The wire diameter influenced friction only when the brackets had a 10º angulation (p<0.05). The angulation influenced friction (p<0.05) when the brackets were associated with a 0.018" wire. CONCLUSION: Brackets with a modified slot design showed intermediate static frictional force values between the conventional and self-ligating brackets tested.

Castro, Raquel Morais; Smith Neto, Perrin; Horta, Martinho Campolina Rebello; Pithon, Matheus Melo; Oliveira, Dauro Douglas.

159

Avaliação do uso do Self Etching Primer na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos metálicos Assessment of the Self-Etching Primer on bonding of metallic orthodontic brackets  

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Full Text Available Nesta pesquisa laboratorial foi avaliada a resistência de união ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos colados ao esmalte dentário bovino, utilizando um sistema adesivo convencional, composto de ácido fosfórico + primer + resina adesiva, e de um sistema SEP (self-etching primer que combina ácido e primer em uma única solução, avaliado em ambiente seco e úmido (com água. Quarenta e oito incisivos inferiores bovinos foram divididos em três grupos de 16 unidades, que foram assim preparados: grupo 1 (controle ácido fosfórico 37% + primer + resina Transbond XT; o grupo 2 Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer em ambiente seco + resina Transbond XT e no grupo 3 o Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer foi aplicado em ambiente úmido com água + Transbond XT. Efetuada a colagem, procedeu-se o ensaio mecânico em uma máquina Instron, a uma velocidade de 1mm/min. As médias da resistência de união ao cisalhamento encontradas foram: 9,29MPa para o grupo 1; 10,57MPa para o grupo 2 e 7,45MPa para o grupo 3, sendo que os três grupos apresentaram resistência compatível com o uso clínico. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre o sistema convencional e o SEP em ambiente seco, nem em ambiente úmido. Houve redução significativa na resistência de união ao cisalhamento para o SEP em ambiente úmido quando comparado ao SEP em ambiente seco. Concluímos que o Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer apresenta resistência de união ao esmalte similar ao ácido fosfórico 37% + primer, sendo indicado para uso clínico na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos.This research evaluated the shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded to bovine teeth, using conventional adhesive system consisting of phosphoric acid + primer + adhesive resin, and a system SEP (self-etching primer that combines acid and primer in one solution. The SEP system was evaluated in either dry and moist (water environments. Forty-eight lower bovine incisors teeth were divided in three groups of sixteen units each one, prepared as following: group 1(control phosphoric acid 37% + primer + Transbond XT resin; group 2 Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer in dry environment + Transbond XT resin, and group 3 the Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer applied in moist environment + Transbond XT.After bonding, the mechanical test was performed with an Instron machine (crosshead speed of 1mm/min. The shear bond strength were: 9,29 MPa for group 1;10,57 MPa for group 2 and 7,45 MPa for group 3.All groups showed clinical acceptable resistance. There wasn't significant difference between conventional system and the SEP in dry environment, neither in moist environment. However, there was a significant reduction in the shear bond strength for the SEP in moist environment when compared with SEP in dry environment. It was concluded that Transbond + Self Etching Primer showed shear bond strength to enamel similar to phosphoric acid 37% + primer, therefore it is indicated to clinically bond orthodontic brackets.

Adriane Regina Sponchiado

2005-06-01

160

Avaliação do uso do Self Etching Primer na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos metálicos / Assessment of the Self-Etching Primer on bonding of metallic orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Nesta pesquisa laboratorial foi avaliada a resistência de união ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos colados ao esmalte dentário bovino, utilizando um sistema adesivo convencional, composto de ácido fosfórico + primer + resina adesiva, e de um sistema SEP (self-etching primer) que combina ácido e [...] primer em uma única solução, avaliado em ambiente seco e úmido (com água). Quarenta e oito incisivos inferiores bovinos foram divididos em três grupos de 16 unidades, que foram assim preparados: grupo 1 (controle) ácido fosfórico 37% + primer + resina Transbond XT; o grupo 2 Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer em ambiente seco + resina Transbond XT e no grupo 3 o Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer foi aplicado em ambiente úmido com água + Transbond XT. Efetuada a colagem, procedeu-se o ensaio mecânico em uma máquina Instron, a uma velocidade de 1mm/min. As médias da resistência de união ao cisalhamento encontradas foram: 9,29MPa para o grupo 1; 10,57MPa para o grupo 2 e 7,45MPa para o grupo 3, sendo que os três grupos apresentaram resistência compatível com o uso clínico. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre o sistema convencional e o SEP em ambiente seco, nem em ambiente úmido. Houve redução significativa na resistência de união ao cisalhamento para o SEP em ambiente úmido quando comparado ao SEP em ambiente seco. Concluímos que o Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer apresenta resistência de união ao esmalte similar ao ácido fosfórico 37% + primer, sendo indicado para uso clínico na colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Abstract in english This research evaluated the shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded to bovine teeth, using conventional adhesive system consisting of phosphoric acid + primer + adhesive resin, and a system SEP (self-etching primer) that combines acid and primer in one solution. The SEP system was evaluated [...] in either dry and moist (water) environments. Forty-eight lower bovine incisors teeth were divided in three groups of sixteen units each one, prepared as following: group 1(control) phosphoric acid 37% + primer + Transbond XT resin; group 2 Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer in dry environment + Transbond XT resin, and group 3 the Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer applied in moist environment + Transbond XT.After bonding, the mechanical test was performed with an Instron machine (crosshead speed of 1mm/min). The shear bond strength were: 9,29 MPa for group 1;10,57 MPa for group 2 and 7,45 MPa for group 3.All groups showed clinical acceptable resistance. There wasn't significant difference between conventional system and the SEP in dry environment, neither in moist environment. However, there was a significant reduction in the shear bond strength for the SEP in moist environment when compared with SEP in dry environment. It was concluded that Transbond + Self Etching Primer showed shear bond strength to enamel similar to phosphoric acid 37% + primer, therefore it is indicated to clinically bond orthodontic brackets.

Adriane Regina, Sponchiado; Afonso E., Wunderlich Júnior; Paulo Sérgio, Galletta; Murilo, Rosa.

 
 
 
 
161

Avaliação do Índice de Remanescente Adesivo utilizando braquetes com e sem tratamento na base e a interação com três sistemas de colagem Evaluation of Adhesive Remnant Index using conventional mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases and three bonding systems  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar o Índice de Remanescente Adesivo (IRA em dentes bovinos após a descolagem de braquetes com e sem tratamento na base. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizados três sistemas de colagem ortodôntica para os dois padrões de base. Os dentes bovinos foram divididos em seis grupos de 40, de acordo com a base do braquete e o sistema de colagem. Vinte e quatro horas após a colagem foram realizados os testes de compressão em uma máquina de ensaios. A avaliação do IRA foi realizada em um estereomicroscópio por três examinadores calibrados. Foi utilizado o teste não paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido do método de Dunn, para fazer as comparações múltiplas entre todos os grupos. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: observou-se que o tratamento das bases dos braquetes com óxido de alumínio não foi determinante para o aumento da adesividade entre o braquete e o adesivo. O grupo em que se utilizou braquetes com tratamento na base e adesivo TXT (3M-Unitek + Transbond Plus SEP (3M-Unitek apresentou a maior parte das fraturas na interface dente-adesivo (escore 4.AIM: To assess the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI in bovine teeth after debonding mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases. METHODS: Were used three bonding systems for the two standards of base. The bovine teeth were divided into 6 groups of 40, according to the bracket base and to the bonding system. Twenty four hours after bonding they had been carried through shear bond strength tests in a universal testing machine. The assessment of ARI was performed in a stereomicroscopy by three calibrated examiners. It was used the non-parametric Kruskall-Wallis test, followed by Dunn's method, to do the multiple comparisons among all groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that the aluminum oxide sandblasting bracket bases was not determinative to the increase of the adhesiveness between bracket and adhesive. The group where it was used sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases and bonding system TXT (3M-Unitek + Transbond Plus SEP (3M-Unitek presented the majority of the failures at the teeth-adhesive interface (score 4.

Lilian Maria Brisque Pignatta

2009-02-01

162

Avaliação do Índice de Remanescente Adesivo utilizando braquetes com e sem tratamento na base e a interação com três sistemas de colagem / Evaluation of Adhesive Remnant Index using conventional mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases and three bonding systems  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar o Índice de Remanescente Adesivo (IRA) em dentes bovinos após a descolagem de braquetes com e sem tratamento na base. METODOLOGIA: foram utilizados três sistemas de colagem ortodôntica para os dois padrões de base. Os dentes bovinos foram divididos em seis grupos de 40, de acordo c [...] om a base do braquete e o sistema de colagem. Vinte e quatro horas após a colagem foram realizados os testes de compressão em uma máquina de ensaios. A avaliação do IRA foi realizada em um estereomicroscópio por três examinadores calibrados. Foi utilizado o teste não paramétrico de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido do método de Dunn, para fazer as comparações múltiplas entre todos os grupos. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: observou-se que o tratamento das bases dos braquetes com óxido de alumínio não foi determinante para o aumento da adesividade entre o braquete e o adesivo. O grupo em que se utilizou braquetes com tratamento na base e adesivo TXT (3M-Unitek) + Transbond Plus SEP (3M-Unitek) apresentou a maior parte das fraturas na interface dente-adesivo (escore 4). Abstract in english AIM: To assess the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) in bovine teeth after debonding mesh bases and sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases. METHODS: Were used three bonding systems for the two standards of base. The bovine teeth were divided into 6 groups of 40, according to the bracket base and to the bo [...] nding system. Twenty four hours after bonding they had been carried through shear bond strength tests in a universal testing machine. The assessment of ARI was performed in a stereomicroscopy by three calibrated examiners. It was used the non-parametric Kruskall-Wallis test, followed by Dunn's method, to do the multiple comparisons among all groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that the aluminum oxide sandblasting bracket bases was not determinative to the increase of the adhesiveness between bracket and adhesive. The group where it was used sandblasted orthodontic bracket bases and bonding system TXT (3M-Unitek) + Transbond Plus SEP (3M-Unitek) presented the majority of the failures at the teeth-adhesive interface (score 4).

Lilian Maria Brisque, Pignatta; Isabel Cristina Prado Torres, Lugato; Francisco Antonio, Bertoz; Eduardo César Almada, Santos.

163

Shear bond strength of metallic brackets: influence of saliva contamination  

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of saliva contamination on shear bond strength and the bond failure pattern of 3 adhesive systems (Transbond XT, AdheSE and Xeno III) on orthodontic metallic brackets bonded to human enamel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two permanent human molars were cut longitudinally in a mesiodistal direction, producing seventy-two specimens randomly divided into six groups. Each system was tested under 2 different enamel conditions: no contamination and contaminated ...

Luciana Borges Retamoso; Fabrício Mezzomo Collares; Eduardo Silveira Ferreira; Susana Maria Werner Samuel

2009-01-01

164

Effect of light-curing units in shear bond strength of metallic brackets: an in vitro study  

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of the light curing units on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two premolars were divided into six groups (n=12): Group I: brackets bonded with Transbond and polymerization with halogen light; Group II: Transbond and LED; Group III: Fuji Ortho and halogen light; Group IV: Fuji Ortho and LED; Group V: Fuji Ortho, without acid and halogen light; Group VI: Fuji Ortho, without acid and LED. The groups were tested ...

Luciana Borges Retamoso; Niége Michelle Lazzari Onofre; Luciane Hann; Ernani Menezes Marchioro

2010-01-01

165

Comparison of the effect of hydrogel and solution forms of sodium ascorbate on orthodontic bracket-enamel shear bond strength immediately after bleaching: An in vitro study  

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Full Text Available Aim: This study compared the effects of hydrogel and solution forms of sodium ascorbate (SA with two different application times on bracket bond strength subsequent to bleaching. Materials and Methods: A total of 72 sound premolars were randomly divided into six groups (n = 12: An unbleached control group (group one and five experimental groups of carbamide peroxide. Specimens in group two were bonded immediately after bleaching; specimens in groups three and four were bleached, then treated with SA solution for ten minutes and three hours, respectively, and then bonded. In groups five and six, SA hydrogel was used and the specimens were prepared similar to groups three and four, respectively. Following debonding, bond strengths were recorded in MPa. To evaluate the amount of resin left on the enamel surfaces, adhesive remnant index (ARI scores were used. Statistical Analysis: The bond strength data were analyzed with ANOVA and pairwise comparisons were made by Tukey test. The ARI data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test and two-by-two comparisons were made by the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: There were significant differences in bond strengths between the groups ( P < 0.0005. However, the differences between groups three, four, five and six were not significant. Furthermore, there were no significant differences between group one and groups four and six, whereas the differences between the other groups were significant ( P < 0.05. Regarding ARI, there were significant differences among the groups ( P = 0.004. Conclusion: Bleaching significantly decreased the bracket bond strength. Compromised bonding was reversed with a three-hour application of both forms of SA.

Kimyai Soodabeh

2010-01-01

166

Immediate versus Delayed Force Application after Orthodontic Bonding; An In Vitro Study  

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Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Bracket de-bonding during initial orthodontic archwire placement immediately after bracket set up or following re-bonding a single bracket can be a clinical concern.Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of time on the shear bond strength of a no-mix orthodontic composite adhesive.Materials and Methods: Seventy freshly extracted human upper first premolars were collected and stored in normal saline solution. The teeth were cleaned, polished, and randomly separated into 7 groups of 10. First premolar mesh-backed standard edgewise brackets were bonded to all specimens using a no-mix orthodontic composite adhesive.In the first 6 groups, the brackets were de-bonded 2, 5, 10, 15, 30 and 60 minutes after the primary setting time and the shear bond strengths were determined with the Universal testing machine. The teeth in group 7 were stored in 100% humidity at 37oCfor 24 hours before de-bonding. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way ANOVA and the Duncan multiple range analyses via SPSS software.Results: The minimum shear bond strength of 14.03 MPa was observed in group 1. A statistically significant difference was found between the shear bond strength of group 1 and the other groups (P<0.05. The shear bond strength increased significantly with time up to the first 5 minutes after bonding, but did not change afterwards.Conclusion: The bracket and composite adhesive used in this study demonstrated initial bond strengths of sufficient magnitude to withstand the immediate application of orthodontic forces, even 2 minutes after the primary setting time. Therefore, the operator should not be concerned with bracket de-bonding due to primary arch wire placement during the first minutes after bracket set up or following re-bonding a single bracket.

M. Basafa

2006-03-01

167

Cytomorphometric analysis for Metal Bracket Effects on Human Buccal Mucosa  

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Objective: To find out effect of metal brackets on the epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa as compared to normal mucosa without any brackets. Patients and Methods: Oral mucosal smears were obtained for patients visited for orthodontic treatment using a cytobrush. The study group consisted of P1: patients with no brackets, P2: 60 days after placement of metal brackets, P3: 30 days after removal of brackets. 30 individuals of both sexes who are undergoing fixed appliance theropy with bonded b...

2010-01-01

168

Fracture strength of different soldered and welded orthodontic joining configurations with and without filling material.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical strength of different joints made by conventional brazing, TIG and laser welding with and without filling material. Five standardized joining configurations of orthodontic wire in spring hard quality were used: round, cross, 3 mm length, 9 mm length and 7 mm to orthodontic band. The joints were made by five different methods: brazing, tungsten inert gas (TIG) and laser welding with and without filling material. For the original orthodontic wire and for each kind of joint configuration or connecting method 10 specimens were carefully produced, totalizing 240. The fracture strengths were measured with a universal testing machine (Zwick 005). Data were analyzed by ANOVA (p=0.05) and Bonferroni post hoc test (p=0.05). In all cases, brazing joints were ruptured on a low level of fracture strength (186-407 N). Significant differences between brazing and TIG or laser welding (pTIG welding was comparable to laser welding except for the impossibility of joining orthodontic wire with orthodontic band. PMID:19089229

Bock, Jens Johannes; Bailly, Jacqueline; Gernhardt, Christian Ralf; Fuhrmann, Robert Andreas Werner

2008-01-01

169

An overview of orthodontic material degradation in oral cavity  

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Various types of metallic orthodontic appliances are used in the management of malocclusion. These appliances are placed in oral environnent under many stresses and variations such as masticatory forces, appliance loading, temperature fluctuations, varieties of ingested food and saliva. These metals undergo electrochemical reactions with the oral environment resulting in dissolution or formation of chemical compounds. Various microorganisms and many aggressive ions containing oral environment...

Chaturvedi T; Upadhayay S

2010-01-01

170

Evaluación in vitro de la resistencia friccional entre brackets cerámicos y arcos de acero inoxidable con y sin recubrimiento vítreo aplicado por el método Sol-Gel / In vitro evaluation of frictional resistance between ceramic brackets and orthodontic steel wires with and without glass coatings applied by Sol-Gel method  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish INTRODUCCIÓN: comparar la resistencia friccional estática y dinámica in vitro entre brackets cerámicos y alambres de acero inoxidable con recubrimiento vítreo aplicado por el método Sol-Gel y sin él. MÉTODOS: se prepararon 58 alambres de acero inoxidable AISI 304 de 0.016 x 0.016 con recubrimiento v [...] ítreo aplicado por Sol-Gel y sin él. Posteriormente se evaluó la resistencia a la fricción estática y dinámica in vitro de los alambres sobre brackets cerámicos de zafiro monocristalino y se caracterizaron las superficies en contacto por microscopia óptica y electrónica de barrido (SEM). RESULTADOS: se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos grupos tanto para la fuerza de fricción estática (p = 0,000) como dinámica (p = 0,001). El grupo de los alambres recubiertos presentó una fuerza de fricción estática y dinámica mayor (estática: 1,78 ± 0,44 N, dinámica: 1,75 ± 0,49 N) que el grupo sin recubrimientos (estática: 1,37 ± 0,31 N, dinámica: 1,41 ± 0,27 N). La caracterización por SEM mostró que se producen defectos superficiales en los recubrimientos después de las pruebas de fricción. CONCLUSIÓN: los recubrimientos evaluados no mostraron mejor comportamiento friccional sobre brackets de zafiro monocristalino cuando son comparados con el grupo control. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: to compare the in vitro static and dynamic frictional resistance between ceramic brackets and stainless steel wires with and without glass coatings applied by sol-gel method. METHODS: 58 commercial stainless steel orthodontic wires AISI 304 (0.016 x 0.016 inch) were prepared with and w [...] ithout vitreous coating applied by Sol- Gel method. The in vitro static and dynamic frictional resistance of the wires on the mono-crystalline ceramic brackets were evaluated; also, the wire surfaces were characterized by means of Optical Microscopy and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: statistically significant differences were found between both groups under static (p = 0.000) as well as dynamic (p = 0.001) friction test. The friction values found in the coated group were higher (Static friction: 1.78 ± 0.44 N, Dynamic friction: 1.75 ± 0.49 N) than the group with no coating (Static friction: 1.37 ± 0.31 N, Dynamic friction: 1.41 ± 0.27 N). Characterization by SEM showed surface defects in both groups after the friction tests. CONCLUSION: the evaluated coatings did not perform better in terms of frictional behavior on sapphire mono-crystalline ceramic brackets when compared with the control group.

Luz Adriana, Rendón Arias; Gustavo Adolfo, Cano Correa; Alejandro, peláez Vargas; Pedro M, Jaramillo Vallejo; Claudia, García Garcia; Yessid, Montoya Góez.

171

Indirect bonding with thermal glue and brackets with positioning jigs.  

Science.gov (United States)

In orthodontics the precise location of bracket placement on the teeth is a goal in order to individualize and optimize treatment outcome. The authors will describe the indirect bonding procedure with thermal glue transfer tray and brackets with positioning jigs for precise bracket placement. PMID:22074843

Mezomo, Maurício; de Lima, Eduardo Martinelli Santayana; de Menezes, Luciane M; Weissheimer, André

2011-11-01

172

Fracture strength of different soldered and welded orthodontic joining configurations with and without filling material  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical strength of different joints made by conventional brazing, TIG and laser welding with and without filling material. Five standardized joining configurations of orthodontic wire in spring hard quality were used: round, cross, 3 mm length, 9 mm length and 7 mm to orthodontic band. The joints were made by five different methods: brazing, tungsten inert gas (TIG and laser welding with and without filling material. For the original orthodontic wire and for each kind of joint configuration or connecting method 10 specimens were carefully produced, totalizing 240. The fracture strengths were measured with a universal testing machine (Zwick 005. Data were analyzed by ANOVA (p=0.05 and Bonferroni post hoc test (p=0.05. In all cases, brazing joints were ruptured on a low level of fracture strength (186-407 N. Significant differences between brazing and TIG or laser welding (p<0.05, Bonferroni post hoc test were found in each joint configuration. The highest fracture strength means were observed for laser welding with filling material and 3 mm joint length (998 N. Using filling materials, there was a clear tendency to higher mean values of fracture strength in TIG and laser welding. However, statistically significant differences were found only in the 9-mm long joints (p<0.05, Bonferroni post hoc test. In conclusion, the fracture strength of welded joints was positively influenced by the additional use of filling material. TIG welding was comparable to laser welding except for the impossibility of joining orthodontic wire with orthodontic band.

Jens Johannes Bock

2008-10-01

173

Comparison of bond strength of lingual brackets under different composite base forming method.  

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Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the shear bond strength of indirectly bonded Ormco lingual brackets, using different composite bracket base preparation. DESIGN: Prospective random study SETTING: This study was conducted at Department of Orthodontics of the School of Dentistry of the University of Istanbul in 2004 MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty mandibular premolars extracted for orthodontic purposes were selected and divided into two equal groups. Group 1: (n=10 1 mm composite base was constructed directly on the intact bracket base. Group 2: (n=10 the bracket bases were first sandblasted with a microetcher using 50 ?m aluminium oxide particles and then the 1 mm composite base was constructed. INTERVENTION: The universal Lloyd testing instrument used for the application of shear forces. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Results were compared statistically using analysis of variance and chi-square tests. RESULTS: The mean of shear bond strength test was 9.46±0.78 MPa and 12.11±0.82 MPa for group 1 and group 2 respectively. The difference was found to be statistically significant (P<0.001. The analysis of variance demonstrated that there were also statistically significant differences in adhesive remnant index (ARI scores between the groups (P<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Sandblasting of the bracket bases increased the shear bond strength and the redundant between the bracket and the composite base.

Burak Aksu

2005-01-01

174

An indigenously designed apparatus for measuring orthodontic force.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: An indigenous apparatus is designed to measure the orthodontic force delivered from elastomeric chains and compare this force with values obtained from the Instron universal testing machine. Material and Methods: An indigenously designed apparatus is developed to evaluate forces delivered by various orthodontic auxiliaries. The apparatus consists of a flat steel platform, movable arm, and a mounted screw gauge arm. Orthodontic brackets can be attached to these arms. An electric circuit is connected, to the movable arm, which will estimate the forces exerted between brackets with elastomeric chain. The circuit is connected to the signal conditioner which will display the reading. Elastomeric chain with four links is attached to the arms. The movable arm is adjusted to create orthodontic forces and calibrated on the digital displayer. Twenty Elastomeric chains are used and forces are calibrated with the indigenously designed apparatus. The values of the force is compared with the forces calibrated with Instron universal testing machine to compare the efficacy of the indigenous apparatus. Results: The force values obtained from activation of elastomeric chain segments, in the Instron universal testing machine and the indigenous apparatus were in the range of 100 to 150 grams, initially at 1mm activation then, took a steep rise to 300 to 350 grams at 5mm activation and then, had a gradual increase for the remaining 5mm activation, reaching 400 to 450 grams. Conclusion: The Indigenous apparatus can be considered efficient in measuring tensile force generated by orthodontic auxiliaries. PMID:24392423

Dinesh, S P Saravana; Arun, A V; Sundari, K K Shantha; Samantha, Christine; Ambika, K

2013-11-01

175

Biocompatibilidade dos materiais em Ortodontia: mito ou realidade? Biocompatibility of orthodontic materials: myth or reality?  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma revisão sobre os conceitos relacionados à biocompatibilidade dos materiais empregados em Ortodontia. Fatos relacionados às reações de hipersensibilidade aos diversos materiais ortodônticos são discutidos, sendo apresentadas as condutas recomendáveis nestas situações.The aim of this paper is to present a review on the biocompatibility of orthodontic materials. Hypersensitivity reactions to these materials are discussed and the recommended conduct in this kind of situation are presented.

Luciane Macedo de Menezes

2009-04-01

176

Effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization.  

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ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the effect of bracket type on halitosis, periodontal status, and microbial colonization. Materials and Methods: Forty-six patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatment (age 11-16 years) were selected from the orthodontic department of Suleyman Demirel University. Patients were divided into two groups with random distribution of brackets; 23 patients were treated with self-ligating brackets (group SLBs), the others with conventional brackets (group CBs). Halitosis measurements and periodontal and microbial records were obtained before the placement of brackets (T0), 1 week later (T1), and 5 weeks after bonding (T2). Periodontal parameters, including plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing index (BOP), were obtained from all the bonded teeth. Halitosis measurements were performed at the same time. Microbial samples were obtained from the buccal surfaces of all the bonded teeth. Data were analyzed by using a repeated-measurement analysis of variance test for the comparison of parameters between groups and times. Results: Periodontal parameters and halitosis results were higher in the CBs group than in the SLBs group (P halitosis and BOP values revealed no pronounced changes between T1 and T2 (P > .05). Intra- and intergroup comparisons showed that there were no statistically significant differences for microbial colonization between all the time intervals (P > .05). Conclusion: Bracket type has an effect on halitosis and periodontal status. Therefore, self-ligating brackets may be advised in order to prevent patients from developing halitosis and to increase the likelihood of good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment. PMID:24188122

Nalçac?, Ruhi; Ozat, Yener; Cokako?lu, Serpil; Türkkahraman, Hakan; Onal, Süleyman; Kaya, Selçuk

2014-05-01

177

Bonding brackets to porcelain: in vitro study  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research was to verify, in vitro, the effect of various porcelain surface treatments on the shear strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain and the mode of fracture after debonding. Eighty-eight samples of metallic supported feldspathic porcelain were randomly divided into four groups according to their surface preparation as follows: the porcelain was maintained intact (GI, roughened with a diamond bur (GII, etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid (GIII, or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (GIV. The specimens were treated with silane (Scothprime and brackets were bonded with Concise. Each sample was subjected to a shear load at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min and a recording was made at the point of failure. Bond strengths, adequate to withstand the application of orthodontic forces, were achieved in all groups. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test showed no significant differences in bond strength between the groups (p>0.05. However, many more porcelain fractures occurred on deglazed porcelain. This study indicates that with the appropriate material selection, the silane/composite procedure alone may be adequate for bonding.

Sant'Anna Eduardo Franzotti

2002-01-01

178

Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes colados com resinas ortodônticas fluoretadas Evaluation of shear bond strength of brackets bonded with orthodontic fluoride-releasing composite resins  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos colados com resinas que contêm flúor, comparando-as a uma resina convencional; e analisar a quantidade de adesivo remanescente na superfície do esmalte. MÉTODOS: sessenta pré-molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos: Grupo I - Concise (3M, Grupo II - Ultrabond (Aditek do Brasil e Grupo III - Rely-a-Bond (Reliance. Após a colagem dos braquetes, as amostras foram termocicladas (500 ciclos nas temperaturas de 5°C e 55°C. Após 48 horas, foram submetidas aos ensaios mecânicos de cisalhamento na direção oclusocervical, com velocidade de carga de 0,5mm/min, em uma máquina MTS 810. RESULTADOS: foram observadas resistências médias ao cisalhamento de 24,54±6,98MPa para o Grupo I, de 11,53±6,20MPa para o Grupo II e de 16,46±5,72MPa para o Grupo III. A Análise de Variância determinou diferença estatística entre as médias de resistência ao cisalhamento entre os grupos (p OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the shear bond strength of stainless steel brackets bonded with fluoride releasing composite resins, comparing them with a conventional resin and to analyze the amount of resin left on the enamel surface. METHODS: Sixty premolars were randomly divided into three groups: Group I - Concise (3M, Group II - Ultrabond (Aditek do Brasil and Group III - Rely-a-Bond (Reliance. After bonding, the samples were thermocycled (500 cycles at 5ºC and 55ºC temperatures. After 48 hours they were subjected to shear bond strength testing, in the occluso-gingival direction, using an MTS 810 Universal Testing Machine with load speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: The results demonstrated a mean shear bond strength of 24.54 ± 6.98 MPa for Group I, 11.53 ± 6.20 MPa for Group II, and 16.46 ± 5.72 MPa for Group III. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA determined a statistical difference in the mean shear bond strengths between groups (p < 0.001. The Tukey test evidenced that the averages of the three groups were significantly different (p < 0.05, with the highest values for Group I and the lowest for Group II. The Kruskal-Wallis test did not show significant differences in the amount of resin left on the enamel in any of the three groups (p = 0.361. CONCLUSION: All materials exhibited adequate adhesive bond strength for clinical use. Concise exhibited the highest degree of shear bond strength but no significant differences were found in Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI between the groups.

Marcia Cristina Rastelli

2010-06-01

179

Tiedown Bracket  

Science.gov (United States)

Tiedown bracket secured to concrete slab with lag anchor and lag bolt. A trailer or other heavy equipment can be anchored by tethering it to strapping bolt. When bracket is no longer needed, it can be removed, leaving behind only lag anchor. Bracket is easily installed and removed without damage to concrete slab.

Mashburn, D.; Wald, J. E.; Helmsin, F. K.

1982-01-01

180

Torque expression of self-ligating brackets compared with conventional metallic, ceramic, and plastic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research was to investigate the torque capacity of active and passive self-ligating brackets compared with metallic, ceramic, and polycarbonate edgewise brackets. Six types of orthodontic brackets were included in the study: the self-ligating Speed and Damon2, the stainless steel (SS), Ultratrimm and Discovery, the ceramic bracket, Fascination 2, and the polycarbonate bracket, Brillant. All brackets had a 0.022-inch slot size and were torqued with 0.019 x 0.025-inch SS archwires. For this purpose, the labial crown torque of an upper central incisor was measured in a simulated intraoral clinical situation using the orthodontic measurement and simulation system (OMSS). A torque of 20 degrees was applied and the correction of the misalignement was simulated experimentally with the OMSS. Each bracket/wire combination was measured five times. Maximum torquing moments and torque loss were determined. The results were analysed with one-way analysis of variance, with the bracket serving as the sole discriminating variable, and the Tukey test at the 0.05 level of significance. The ceramic bracket (Fascination 2) presented the highest torquing moment (35 Nmm) and, together with a SS bracket, the lowest torque loss (4.6 degrees). Self-ligating, polycarbonate, and selective metallic brackets demonstrated almost a 7-fold decreased moment developed during insertion of a 0.019 x 0.022-inch SS wire into a 0.022-inch slot and a 100 per cent increase in loss. PMID:18540011

Morina, Enver; Eliades, Theodore; Pandis, Nikolaos; Jäger, Andreas; Bourauel, Christoph

2008-06-01

 
 
 
 
181

Fracture strength of different soldered and welded orthodontic joining configurations with and without filling material  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical strength of different joints made by conventional brazing, TIG and laser welding with and without filling material. Five standardized joining configurations of orthodontic wire in spring hard quality were used: round, cross, 3 mm length, 9 mm lengt [...] h and 7 mm to orthodontic band. The joints were made by five different methods: brazing, tungsten inert gas (TIG) and laser welding with and without filling material. For the original orthodontic wire and for each kind of joint configuration or connecting method 10 specimens were carefully produced, totalizing 240. The fracture strengths were measured with a universal testing machine (Zwick 005). Data were analyzed by ANOVA (p=0.05) and Bonferroni post hoc test (p=0.05). In all cases, brazing joints were ruptured on a low level of fracture strength (186-407 N). Significant differences between brazing and TIG or laser welding (p

Jens Johannes, Bock; Jacqueline, Bailly; Christian Ralf, Gernhardt; Robert Andreas Werner, Fuhrmann.

182

Comparison of the effect of hydrogel and solution forms of sodium ascorbate on orthodontic bracket-enamel shear bond strength immediately after bleaching: An in vitro study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aim: This study compared the effects of hydrogel and solution forms of sodium ascorbate (SA) with two different application times on bracket bond strength subsequent to bleaching. Materials and Methods: A total of 72 sound premolars were randomly divided into six groups (n = 12): An unbleached control group (group one) and five experimental groups of carbamide peroxide. Specimens in group two were bonded immediately after bleaching; specimens in groups three and four were ble...

Kimyai Soodabeh; Oskoee Siavash; Rafighi Ali; Valizadeh Hadi; Ajami Amir; Helali Zahra Norooz

2010-01-01

183

A study in vitro on radiation effects by Er:YAG laser combined with the fluorine therapy in the acid resistance of the dental enamel submitted to orthodontical brackets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several researches have been demonstrating an increase in the resistance acid of the enamel surface when irradiated by some lasers types as Nd:YAG, C02, Er:YAG, and others, mainly when combined with the fluoride therapy after the irradiation of the laser. This study in vitro used the laser of Er:YAG which density of energy of 8.1 J/cm2 on the enamel about of orthodontical brackets of teeth extracted pre-molars. These teeth were then submitted to a rich way in S. mutans for twenty one days. The cases were analyzed: (1) enamel surface without any treatment, (2) enamel surface without any irradiation laser, but with therapy with acidulated phosphate fluoride, (3) enamel surface irradiated with laser of Er:YAG and (4) enamel surface irradiated by laser of Er:YAG and with application of acidulated phosphate fluoride. The results were analyzed through optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The morphologic changes observed to the scanning electron microscopy suggest increase in the acid resistance of the enamel surface. However, to the optical microscopy, it was still possible to visualize undesirable white stains in the surface of the enamel. (author)

2001-01-01

184

Influência do agente clareador peróxido de carbamida a 10% na resistência mecânica da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos / Influence of 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O propósito deste estudo in vitro foi determinar a influência do agente clareador peróxido de carbamida a 10% na resistência mecânica da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Foram estudados três grupos denominados G1 (não submetido ao clareamento), G2 (com clareamento e colagem realizada 1 semana após [...] ) e G3 (com clareamento e colagem realizada 24h após). O teste de cisalhamento foi conduzido na máquina de ensaios mecânicos Emic, com a velocidade de deformação de 0,5 mm/min.A resitência ao cisalhamento em relação à área de colagem foi calculada para cada dente e expressa em MPa. Os resultados mostraram aumento estatisticamente significante (p Abstract in english The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the influence of 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Three group were studied: G1 (without bleaching), G2 (bleaching and bonding after 1 week) and G3 (bleaching and bonding after 24h). The shear test was c [...] onduced in a Emic testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0,5 mm/min. The shear bond strength was calculated for each tooth and expressed in MPa. The results show enhance statistical significant (p

Edgard Norões R. da, Matta; José de Albuquerque Calasans, Maia; Orlando, Chevitarese.

185

Influência do agente clareador peróxido de carbamida a 10% na resistência mecânica da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos Influence of 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O propósito deste estudo in vitro foi determinar a influência do agente clareador peróxido de carbamida a 10% na resistência mecânica da colagem de braquetes ortodônticos. Foram estudados três grupos denominados G1 (não submetido ao clareamento, G2 (com clareamento e colagem realizada 1 semana após e G3 (com clareamento e colagem realizada 24h após. O teste de cisalhamento foi conduzido na máquina de ensaios mecânicos Emic, com a velocidade de deformação de 0,5 mm/min.A resitência ao cisalhamento em relação à área de colagem foi calculada para cada dente e expressa em MPa. Os resultados mostraram aumento estatisticamente significante (pThe purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the influence of 10% carbamide peroxide gel on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. Three group were studied: G1 (without bleaching, G2 (bleaching and bonding after 1 week and G3 (bleaching and bonding after 24h. The shear test was conduced in a Emic testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0,5 mm/min. The shear bond strength was calculated for each tooth and expressed in MPa. The results show enhance statistical significant (p<0,001 on the shear bond strength after bleaching and encreased with the time interval between bleaching and bonding, significantily.

Edgard Norões R. da Matta

2005-04-01

186

Bonding brackets to porcelain: in vitro study / Colagem de brackets em porcelana: estudo in vitro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this research was to verify, in vitro, the effect of various porcelain surface treatments on the shear strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to porcelain and the mode of fracture after debonding. Eighty-eight samples of metallic supported feldspathic porcelain were randomly divided into [...] four groups according to their surface preparation as follows: the porcelain was maintained intact (GI), roughened with a diamond bur (GII), etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid (GIII), or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (GIV). The specimens were treated with silane (Scothprime) and brackets were bonded with Concise. Each sample was subjected to a shear load at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min and a recording was made at the point of failure. Bond strengths, adequate to withstand the application of orthodontic forces, were achieved in all groups. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test showed no significant differences in bond strength between the groups (p>0.05). However, many more porcelain fractures occurred on deglazed porcelain. This study indicates that with the appropriate material selection, the silane/composite procedure alone may be adequate for bonding.

Eduardo Franzotti, Sant' Anna; Maria Evangelina, Monnerat; Orlando, Chevitarese; Maria Bernadete Sasso, Stuani.

187

Hausdorff Distance evaluation of orthodontic accessories' streaking artifacts in 3D model superimposition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to determine whether image artifacts caused by orthodontic metal accessories interfere with the accuracy of 3D CBCT model superimposition. A human dry skull was subjected three times to a CBCT scan: at first without orthodontic brackets (T1), then with stainless steel brackets bonded without (T2) and with orthodontic arch wires (T3) inserted into the brackets' slots. The registration of image surfaces and the superimposition of 3D models were performed. Within-subjec...

José Rino Neto; Fernando Penteado Lopes da Silva; Israel Chilvarquer; João Batista de Paiva; Angélica Maria Hernandez

2012-01-01

188

The accuracy of brackets placement in direct bonding technique: a comparison between the pole-like bracket positioning gauge and the star-like bracket positioning gauge  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The accuracy of brackets placement is a key factor in successful orthodontic therapy. An in vitro study was conducted in ten models from a natural maxillary teeth model in order to compare the accuracy of brac- kets placement between two direct bonding instru- ments: the Pole-like Bracket Positioning Gauge and the Star-like Bracket Positioning Gauge. Our results have shown that: The Star-like Bracket Positioning Gauge is more precise in placing brackets vertically, whereas the Pole-like Brack...

2011-01-01

189

Comparative study of frictional forces generated by NiTi archwire deformation in different orthodontic brackets: In vitro evaluation Estudo comparativo da força de atrito produzida pela deformação de arco NiTi em diferentes braquetes ortodônticos: avaliação in vitro  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the frictional forces between 0.014-in NiTi wires (Aditek) with 4 mm horizontal deflection and brackets with different archwire ligation systems. METHODS: Four types of self-ligating brackets (Damon MX, Easy Clip, Smart Clip and In-Ovation), a triple bracket (Synergy) and a twin bracket with 8-shaped ligature (Tecnident) were tested. Twin brackets with conventional elastomeric ligatures (Morelli) were used as control group. Tests were rep...

2012-01-01

190

[Adult orthodontic technique: development and challenge].  

Science.gov (United States)

Orthodontic treatments have increasingly become accepted by adults. However, the treatment therapies and philosophies for adults and adolescents have numerous differences. Orthodontic treatment for adults requires more careful planning, flexible management, interdisciplinary cooperation, and rational expectations. New techniques, such as mini-screw implants, invisalign, and self-ligating brackets, have recently been used to update treatments and widen the application of adult orthodontics by improving the treatment results. However, orthodontists still face a number of risks and challenges. PMID:24437283

Li, Song; Zhou, Jiemin; Ren, Chaochao

2013-12-01

191

Prosthetic considerations for orthodontic implant site development in the adult patient.  

Science.gov (United States)

Proper site development is a key factor for long-term clinical success of dental implants. Whereas surgical and restorative techniques have been refined to ensure predictable functional and esthetic outcome, individual clinical prerequisites do not always allow proper placement of implants when prosthetic and material properties are considered. Orthodontic tooth movement may be a viable and nonsurgical site development treatment option. With the introduction and advancements of minimal invasive and less visible orthodontic appliances, a growing number of adult patients are willing to obtain orthodontic treatment. The spectrum of modern appliances is broad and ranges from clear aligners to lingual brackets. Skeletal anchorage devices such as orthodontic mini-implants often eliminate unpopular external anchorage devices (ie, headgear) in adult patients, This article discusses the selection of an appropriate pretreatment approach by taking patient-specific criteria into account. PMID:19835753

Holst, Alexandra I; Nkenke, Emeka; Blatz, Markus B; Geiselhöringer, Hans; Holst, Stefan

2009-11-01

192

Dynamic stress relaxation of orthodontic thermoplastic materials in a simulated oral environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mechanical properties are crucial for screening orthodontic thermoplastic materials for invisible aligners. However, most of previous studies were carried out within laboratory conditions which limit our understanding of the mechanical behaviors of aligners within oral environment. In this study, we studied the dynamic stress relaxation of thermoplastic materials by combination of Bose ElectroForce and a homemade temperature-controlled water bath. The 3-h stress relaxation curves of five orthodontic thermoplastic materials were measured within 37°C water bath as well as comparatively in ambient atmospheric environment (~20°C). The percentage residual stress at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 min was selected for statistical analyses. As expected, the experimental results showed that the residual stress within all five materials decreased with time, and that this process was significantly accelerated in the 37°C water bath (p<0.05). Compared with other materials, Erkodur and Masel exhibited slower relaxing rates in the 37°C water bath (p<0.05). PMID:24240895

Fang, Dongyu; Zhang, Ning; Chen, Hui; Bai, Yuxing

2013-11-30

193

Influência do tempo pós-fixação na resistência ao cisalhamento de bráquetes colados com diferentes materiais Influence of post-fixation time on shear bond strength of brackets fixed with different bonding materials  

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Full Text Available Este estudo avaliou a resistência ao cisalhamento da união, nos tempos pós-fixação de 10 minutos e 24 horas, de quatro materiais para colagem de bráquetes e os tipos de falhas na fratura. Foram utilizados 64 pré-molares humanos recém-extraídos embutidos em resina. As faces vestibulares de 32 pré-molares foram condicionadas com ácido fosfórico a 35%, por 30 segundos e em 16 deles, os bráquetes foram colados com Concise Ortodôntico (3M e nos demais com resina composta Z100 (3M. Em 32 dentes, os bráquetes foram colados sem condicionamento do esmalte, com ionômeros de vidro Fuji I (GC e Fuji Ortho LC (GC. Após a fixação, 32 corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água destilada a 37ºC, por 10 minutos e o restante por 24 horas e submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento numa máquina com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os resultados submetidos à ANOVA e ao teste de Tukey (5% mostraram que os maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento aos 10 minutos e 24 horas foram observados com o Concise Ortodôntico, com diferença estatística significativa em relação ao Fuji Ortho LC, Z100 e Fuji I. Nenhuma diferença estatística foi observada entre Fuji Ortho LC, Z100 e Fuji I. Os autores concluíram que o Concise Ortodôntico apresentou maiores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento em relação aos outros materiais, nos tempos de 10 minutos e 24 horas, os valores obtidos no período de 24 horas foram superiores em relação aos de 10 minutos, para todos materiais e um grande número de falhas adesivas foi observada para o Fuji I, Concise Ortodôntico e Z100.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of four bonding materials for brackets, 10 minutes and 24 hours after their fixation, as well as the kinds of fracture observed. The buccal surfaces of 32 premolars were etched for 30 seconds with 35% phosphoric acid, and brackets were bonded using Orthodontic Concise (3M and Z100 (3M. In other 32 premolars, brackets were bonded with Fuji I (GC and Fuji Ortho LC (GC on the buccal surfaces, without acid etching. After the bonding procedures, 32 samples were stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 10 minutes, and 32 samples were stored at the same temperature for 24 hours. The samples were then submitted to shear bond strength testing in an Instron testing machine, at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The results were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey’s test (p < 0.05. The results indicated that, for 10 minutes and 24 hours, Orthodontic Concise showed shear bond strength values (6.22 and 7.73 MPa, respectively higher than Fuji Ortho LC (3.32 and 5.10 MPa, Z100 (2.72 and 4.51 MPa and Fuji I (2.52 and 4.54 MPa. No statistical difference was verified between Fuji Ortho LC, Z100 and Fuji I (p < 0.05. In conclusion, Orthodontic Concise showed better shear bond strength values than the other three bonding materials, for both 10-minute and 24-hour storage periods; the shear bond strength averages were higher for the storage time of 24 hours, for all tested materials, and a great number of adhesive fractures were observed in the specimens which received Fuji I, Orthodontic Concise and Z100.

Lourenço CORRER SOBRINHO

2002-03-01

194

Antimicrobial and fluoride release capacity of orthodontic bonding materials  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial and fluoride releasing capacity of 3 bonding materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty nine specimens with standardized surface smoothness and dimensions were prepared. The antimicrobial capacity of the m [...] aterials against S. mutans, L. casei and C. albicans was evaluated by determining the percentage of growth inhibition of these microorganisms in an inoculated medium, obtained by optical density readouts on a spectrophotometer. The potential to interfere in microbial growth on the surface of the studied materials was observed by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The fluoride release capacity in ultrapure water for 14 days was analyzed by means of ion chromatography. RESULTS: The PLUS group presented the highest percentage of microbial inhibition and the most contamination-free surface. The FUJI group presented the best fluoride release capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The TransbondTM Plus Color Change was the one that presented the best general behavior considering the evaluated aspects.

Erika Machado, Caldeira; Amanda, Osorio; Edna Lucia Couto, Oberosler; Delmo Santiago, Vaitsman; Daniela Sales, Alviano; Matilde da Cunha Goncalves, Nojima.

195

A study on the frictional changes of steel bracket on the stainless steel wire during sliding  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Though sliding techniques are quite common in orthodontics, the produced friction however hampers ideal movement of teeth. Increased friction not only necessitates a greater orthodontic force but also results in anchorage loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate frictional changes of steel brackets on stainless steel wires while sliding. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study a total of 69 stainless steel brackets (Dentaurum with 0.018 inch slots were randomly divided into three groups of 23 brackets. With each group either 0.016 or 0.016 × 0.016 or 0.016 × 0.022 inch steel wires of the same company (Dentaurum were used in combination with brackets. There were 5 slots on each piece and every slot was 1mm apart from the next. Therefore each piece of wire was pulled via Dartec machine in every bracket slot with an average speed of 0.5mm/min in five sections. The amounts of friction were recorded. The collected data were then compared with repeated measurement ANOVA and paired sample T-test.(? = 0.05 Three brackets were randomly examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM at the beginning and after the first, the third and the fifth tractions.Results: Repeated measurement ANOVA showed statistical significant differences in static and kinetic frictions between first to fifth tractions in three sizes of wires. Based on paired sample t-test, significant differences were seen between first traction and the others. However, differences between the third and the forth, the third and the fifth and the forth and the fifth tractions were not significant between the three sizes of wires and the two kinds of frictions.Conclusion: It seems that friction would decrease during sliding of steel brackets on steel wires. Diameter and cross section of wires would have little effect on friction. Key words: Frictional changes, Sliding, Static friction, Kinetic friction.

Shiva Alavi

2010-01-01

196

Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes colados com resinas ortodônticas fluoretadas / Evaluation of shear bond strength of brackets bonded with orthodontic fluoride-releasing composite resins  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos colados com resinas que contêm flúor, comparando-as a uma resina convencional; e analisar a quantidade de adesivo remanescente na superfície do esmalte. MÉTODOS: sessenta pré-molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos: Gr [...] upo I - Concise (3M), Grupo II - Ultrabond (Aditek do Brasil) e Grupo III - Rely-a-Bond (Reliance). Após a colagem dos braquetes, as amostras foram termocicladas (500 ciclos) nas temperaturas de 5°C e 55°C. Após 48 horas, foram submetidas aos ensaios mecânicos de cisalhamento na direção oclusocervical, com velocidade de carga de 0,5mm/min, em uma máquina MTS 810. RESULTADOS: foram observadas resistências médias ao cisalhamento de 24,54±6,98MPa para o Grupo I, de 11,53±6,20MPa para o Grupo II e de 16,46±5,72MPa para o Grupo III. A Análise de Variância determinou diferença estatística entre as médias de resistência ao cisalhamento entre os grupos (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the shear bond strength of stainless steel brackets bonded with fluoride releasing composite resins, comparing them with a conventional resin and to analyze the amount of resin left on the enamel surface. METHODS: Sixty premolars were randomly divided into three groups: Group [...] I - Concise (3M), Group II - Ultrabond (Aditek do Brasil) and Group III - Rely-a-Bond (Reliance). After bonding, the samples were thermocycled (500 cycles) at 5ºC and 55ºC temperatures. After 48 hours they were subjected to shear bond strength testing, in the occluso-gingival direction, using an MTS 810 Universal Testing Machine with load speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: The results demonstrated a mean shear bond strength of 24.54 ± 6.98 MPa for Group I, 11.53 ± 6.20 MPa for Group II, and 16.46 ± 5.72 MPa for Group III. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) determined a statistical difference in the mean shear bond strengths between groups (p

Marcia Cristina, Rastelli; Ulisses, Coelho; Emígdio Enrique Orellana, Jimenez.

197

Comparison of bracket debonding force between two conventional resin adhesives and a resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement: an in vitro and in vivo study.  

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The purpose of this study was to compare the debonding force of orthodontic brackets bonded with two conventional resin adhesives (Resilience L3 and Light Bond) and a resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement (Fuji Ortho LC). For the in vitro part of the study, 80 extracted premolars were randomly divided into four groups. In groups A and B, brackets were bonded to unetched enamel using Fuji Ortho LC cement in wet and dry conditions, respectively. In groups C and D, brackets were bonded to etched enamel using Resilience L3 and Light Bond, respectively. Debonding force was determined using a servohydraulic testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data was analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison test at pwet and dry conditions. For the in vivo part of the study, 30 patients were randomly assigned to one of the three bonding material groups. Bracket survival rates and distributions were obtained by following these patients for 1.2 years. Data was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimates of survivorship function. Bond failure interface was determined using a modified adhesive remnant index (ARI). These results showed no significant difference between survival rates and distributions among the three bonding materials with respect to the type of malocclusion, type of orthodontic treatment, or location of bracket. There were significant differences between survival distributions of males and females in the unetched Fuji Ortho LC group and among type of teeth in the conventional resin groups. The predominant mode of bracket failure for the unetched Fuji Ortho LC cement was at the enamel-adhesive interface, and for conventional resins, the enamel-adhesive interface and the bracket-adhesive interface. These results suggest that resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement can withstand occlusal and orthodontic forces despite having a bond strength lower than that of conventional resin adhesives. PMID:10515145

Shammaa, I; Ngan, P; Kim, H; Kao, E; Gladwin, M; Gunel, E; Brown, C

1999-10-01

198

An innovative approach for investigating the ceramic bracket-enamel interface - optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy  

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Bonding has become a routine procedure in several dental specialties - from prosthodontics to conservative dentistry and even orthodontics. In many of these fields it is important to be able to investigate the bonded interfaces to assess their quality. All currently employed investigative methods are invasive, meaning that samples are destroyed in the testing procedure and cannot be used again. We have investigated the interface between human enamel and bonded ceramic brackets non-invasively, introducing a combination of new investigative methods - optical coherence tomography (OCT) and confocal microscopy (CM). Brackets were conventionally bonded on conditioned buccal surfaces of teeth The bonding was assessed using these methods. Three dimensional reconstructions of the detected material defects were developed using manual and semi-automatic segmentation. The results clearly prove that OCT and CM are useful in orthodontic bonding investigations.

Romînu, Roxana Otilia; Sinescu, Cosmin; Romînu, Mihai; Negrutiu, Meda; Laissue, Philippe; Mihali, Sorin; Cuc, Lavinia; Hughes, Michael; Bradu, Adrian; Podoleanu, Adrian

2008-12-01

199

Ceramic bracket design: an analysis using the finite element method.  

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This investigation was designed to generate finite element models for selected ceramic brackets and graphically display the stress distribution in the brackets when subjected to arch wire torsion and tipping forces. Six commercially available ceramic brackets, one monocrystalline and five polycrystalline alumina, of twin bracket design for the permanent maxillary left central incisor were studied. Three-dimensional computer models of the brackets were constructed and loading forces, similar to those applied by a full-size (0.0215 x 0.028 inch) stainless steel arch wire in torsion and tipping necessary to fracture ceramic brackets, were applied to the models. Stress levels were recorded at relevant points common among the various brackets. High stress levels were observed at areas of abrupt change in geometry and shape. The design of the wire slot and wings for the Contour bracket (Class One Orthodontic Products, Lubbock, Texas) and of the outer edges of the wire slot for the Allure bracket (GAC, Central Islip, N.Y.) were found to be good in terms of even stress distribution. The brackets with an isthmus connecting the wings seemed to resist stresses better than the one bracket that did not have this feature. The design of the isthmus for the Transcend (Unitek/3M, Monrovia, Calif.) and Lumina (Ormco, Glendora, Calif.) brackets were found to be acceptable as well. The Starfire bracket ("A" Company, San Diego, Calif.) showed high stresses and irregular stress distribution, because it had sharp angles, no rounded corners, and no isthmus. The finite element method proved to be a useful tool in the stress analysis of ceramic orthodontic brackets subjected to various forces.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7503034

Ghosh, J; Nanda, R S; Duncanson, M G; Currier, G F

1995-12-01

200

Influence of lingual bracket position on microbial and periodontal parameters in vivo  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Lingual orthodontics is becoming more popular in dental practice. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare plaque formation on teeth bonded with the same bracket onto buccal or lingual surface, with non-bonded control teeth, via an in vivo growth experiment over a 30-day period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with split-mouth design was set up enrolling 20 dental students. Within each subject sites with buccal and lingual brackets and control sites were followed. Clinical periodontal parameters (periodontal pocket depth: PPD; bleeding on probing: BOP were recorded at baseline and on days 1, 7 and 30. Microbiological samples were taken from the brackets and the teeth on days 1, 7 and 30 to detect colony-forming units (CFU. Total CFU, streptococci CFU and anaerobe CFU were measured. RESULTS: No significant differences (P>0.05 were found between buccal and lingual brackets in terms of clinical periodontal parameters and microbiological values. Conclusion: Bracket position does not have significant impact on bacterial load and on periodontal parameters.

Maria Francesca Sfondrini

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
201

Identification and quantification of leachable substances from polymer-based orthodontic base-plate materials.  

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The aim of this study was to analyse leachable monomers, additives, and degradation products from polymer-based orthodontic base-plate materials. One heat-cured resin (Orthocryl), one light-cured (Triad VLC), and three thermoplastic materials (Biocryl C, Essix A+, and Essix Embrace) were investigated. Elution was performed in water at 37°C for 10 days. The extract medium was changed and analysed daily. Chromatographic methods were used to identify and quantify the leachables. In addition, the content of residual methyl methacrylate (MMA) was quantified in the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based materials. Statistical analysis of the quantitative results was performed using a t-test for comparison of two independent samples. Monomers and additives leached from the materials polymerized in situ and from the thermoplastic PMMA-based material. No leachable substances were found in the extracts from the other thermoplastic materials. Accumulated over 10 days, a larger amount of MMA leached from the powder-and-liquid material, Orthocryl (42 ?g/cm(2)), than from the thermoplastic material, Biocryl C (0.49 ?g/cm(2)). The accumulated amounts of monomers leached from Triad VLC were 91 ?g/cm(2) of urethane dimethacrylate and 2.2 ?g/cm(2) of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate. Formaldehyde was found to leach from methacrylate-based materials: 3.2 ?g/cm(2) from Orthocryl and 0.16 ?g/cm(2) from Triad VLC. However, formaldehyde was not detectable in extracts from Biocryl C. Residual MMA was 5.4 wt % in Orthocryl and 0.4 wt % in Biocryl C. No phthalates were detected in the tested materials. In this in vitro study, minimal leaching was found from the thermoplastic materials, while leaching of methacrylates and formaldehyde was observed from the powder-and-liquid type and the paste material. Within the limitations of this study, the results suggest that prefabricated thermoplastic plates should be preferred for patients with an allergy to methacrylates. PMID:20624754

Kopperud, Hilde Molvig; Kleven, Inger Sjøvik; Wellendorf, Hanne

2011-02-01

202

Different methods for composite removal after bracket debonding  

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ABSTRACT: In contemporary orthodontics, simplification of the methodology has been one of the primary objectives, in order to decrease the treatment time, without neglecting the conditions of functional balance and aesthetic. This paper presents methods for removal of the composite remaining after debonding of ortho-dontic brackets, with the aim of obtaining a smooth surface and as close as possible to the condi-tions presented pretreatment. The sample comprised 30 human premolars in which we...

Lourenc?o, F. M.; Saúl Matos Castro; Maria João Ponces; Jorge Lopes; Paula Vaz

2012-01-01

203

Cytomorphometric analysis for Metal Bracket Effects on Human Buccal Mucosa  

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Full Text Available Objective: To find out effect of metal brackets on the epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa as compared to normal mucosa without any brackets. Patients and Methods: Oral mucosal smears were obtained for patients visited for orthodontic treatment using a cytobrush. The study group consisted of P1: patients with no brackets, P2: 60 days after placement of metal brackets, P3: 30 days after removal of brackets. 30 individuals of both sexes who are undergoing fixed appliance theropy with bonded brackets were selected. With the use of exfoliative cytology, morphometric and morphologic changes in buccal mucosa cells adjacent to these brackets were determined and were compared at three points. Results: A decrease in nuclear area and an increase in cytoplasmic area occurred in the buccal mucosa cells adjacent to the brackets at P2 . At P3, this altered morphometry persisted only in cells adjacent to the metal brackets, although to a lesser degree than at P2 . A greater decrease in nuclear area was noted in cells adjacent to the metal brackets than in those for patients P1 . At all time points, smears of cells appeared normal or normal with some inflammatory changes. Conclusion: Placement of metal brackets in the buccal cavity induces cellular alterations. These alterations do not suggest malignancy.

Santosh kumar Goje

2010-04-01

204

Activation time and material stiffness of sequential removable orthodontic appliances. Part 1: Ability to complete treatment.  

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Recent advances in technology have led to the availability of sequential removable orthodontic appliances (aligners) to move teeth in a stepwise fashion (Invisalign, Align Technology, Santa Clara, Calif). This study was undertaken to compare 2 distinctly different materials (hard and soft) and 2 activation frequencies (1 week and 2 weeks) for this technique. Fifty-one subjects, stratified by peer assessment rating (PAR) and need for extractions, were randomly assigned to a hard or a soft plastic appliance, and a 1-week or 2-week activation time. The primary endpoint was the completion of the initially prescribed series of aligners. Changing aligners every other week was more likely to lead to completion of the initial series of aligners than changing aligners weekly (37% vs 21%). No substantial difference in the completion rate was observed for the soft versus the hard appliance (27% vs. 32%). The completion rate was highest (46%) among patients with PAR scores less than 15 and no planned extractions, and lowest (0%) among subjects who had 2 or more premolars extracted. All who completed their initial series of aligners required an additional series of aligners or fixed appliances to achieve the original treatment goals. This exploratory study suggests that subjects with a 2-week activation regimen, no extractions, and a low PAR score are more likely to complete their initial series of aligners. PMID:14614415

Bollen, Anne-Marie; Huang, Greg; King, Greg; Hujoel, Philippe; Ma, Tsun

2003-11-01

205

An investigation into the mechanical characteristics of select self-ligated brackets at a series of clinically relevant maximum torquing angles: loading and unloading curves and bracket deformation.  

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Edgewise orthodontic treatment utilizes a force couple in order to achieve labial-lingual tooth angulation. Two self-ligating brackets (Damon Q and Speed) were examined across a range of clinically relevant torques in order to assess the loading and unloading curves and bracket deformation. A previously developed torquing and load measurement system was utilized to rotate a 0.199 × 0.25 in stainless steel wire in a fixed bracket slot to the following angles: 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, and 40 degrees. The torque on the bracket was measured during both wire loading and unloading cycles. The torque play for the Damon brackets was determined to increase by less than 0.4 degrees when torqued to 70 Nmm, whereas the increase for the Speed brackets was 2.1 degrees at the same torque magnitude. The deformation curves for the Damon and Speed brackets were found to be different for loading and unloading. Speed brackets were found to start to plastically deform when torqued to 24 degrees (26 Nmm of torque), while Damon brackets did not plastically deform until 28 degrees (38 Nmm of torque). Damon brackets were found not to plastically deform as easily and to have a smaller increase in torque play than Speed brackets. Both the Damon and the Speed brackets demonstrated minimal effect of plastic deformation and torque play at maximum angles of twist less than 20 degrees. Torque measured in the brackets was different for loading and unloading. PMID:21750240

Major, Thomas W; Carey, Jason P; Nobes, David S; Heo, Giseon; Melenka, Garrett W; Major, Paul W

2013-12-01

206

Fracture strengths of ceramic brackets subjected to mesial-distal archwire tipping forces.  

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This study tested the strength of ceramic orthodontic brackets subjected to mesial-distal tipping forces on five types of preadjusted, maxillary right central incisor ceramic twin brackets for both 0.018" and 0.022" slot sizes. Description of each bracket was by manufacturer's abbreviation-crystallinity-slot bracket, eg., AL-P-18, meaning Allure-polycrystalline-0.018" slot bracket. Thirty brackets of each type were used for a total of 300 brackets, each bonded to a porcelain denture tooth. A special apparatus was designed to hold the denture tooth, the wire, and the bracket in a standard position while an Instron machine applied a tipping force to the full size rectangular archwire at a distance of 7.0 mm lateral to the center of the bracket. The tipping force was applied until the bracket fractured. The fracture force, fracture angle, and fracture location were recorded. High fracture force values tended to accompany large fracture angles while low fracture force values tended to be associated with small fracture angles. The clinical significance was that the stronger ceramic brackets can be expected to withstand larger amounts of archwire tipping adjustments prior to bracket fracture. With the literature indicating the optimum force for tipping of maxillary incisors to be from 50 to 125 g, all the brackets are sufficiently strong to consistently withstand the suggested magnitude of archwire tipping forces. However, if excessive tipping forces were required by the clinician, ceramic brackets would be prone to fracture. PMID:1554165

Rhodes, R K; Duncanson, M G; Nanda, R S; Currier, G F

1992-01-01

207

Shear bond strength of metallic brackets: influence of saliva contamination  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of saliva contamination on shear bond strength and the bond failure pattern of 3 adhesive systems (Transbond XT, AdheSE and Xeno III on orthodontic metallic brackets bonded to human enamel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two permanent human molars were cut longitudinally in a mesiodistal direction, producing seventy-two specimens randomly divided into six groups. Each system was tested under 2 different enamel conditions: no contamination and contaminated with saliva. In T, A and X groups, the adhesive systems were applied to the enamel surface in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. In TS, AS and XS groups, saliva was applied to enamel surface followed by adhesive system application. The samples were stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 h, and then tested for shear bond strength in a universal testing machine (Emic, DL 2000 running at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. After bond failure, the enamel surfaces were observed under an optical microscope at 40x magnification. RESULTS: The control and contaminated groups showed no significant difference in shear bond strength for the same adhesive system. However, shear bond strength of T group (17.03±4.91 was significantly higher than that of AS (8.58±1.73 and XS (10.39±4.06 groups (p<0.05. Regarding the bond failure pattern, TS group had significantly higher scores of no adhesive remaining on the tooth in the bonding area than other groups considering the adhesive remnant index (ARI used to evaluate the amount of adhesive left on the enamel. CONCLUSIONS: Saliva contamination showed little influence on the 24-h shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.

Luciana Borges Retamoso

2009-06-01

208

Comparative study of frictional forces generated by NiTi archwire deformation in different orthodontic brackets: In vitro evaluation / Estudo comparativo da força de atrito produzida pela deformação de arco NiTi em diferentes braquetes ortodônticos: avaliação in vitro  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o objetivo desse trabalho foi comparar as forças de atrito entre fios NiTi 0,014" (Aditek) com deformações horizontais de 4mm, e braquetes com diferentes sistemas de ligação dos arcos. MÉTODOS: foram testados 4 tipos de braquetes autoligáveis (Damon MX, Easy Clip, Smart Clip e In-Ovation), [...] um braquete triplo (Synergy) e um braquete gêmeo com amarrilho 8 (Tecnident). Como grupo controle, foi utilizado braquete gêmeo com ligadura elástica convencional (Morelli). Foram executadas 10 repetições em cada combinação arco/braquete. As forças de atrito foram medidas em máquina de tração universal Instron, com velocidade de 3mm/minuto e deslocamento total de 6mm. Para análise estatística, usou-se a ANOVA e o Teste de Comparações Múltiplas de Dunnett. RESULTADOS: as forças de atrito por deformação do fio se mostraram crescentes na seguinte ordem: Synergy, Damon, amarrilho 8, Easy Clip, In-Ovation, Smart-Clip e ligadura convencional. As diferenças entre todos os grupos foram estatisticamente significantes, com exceção do Amarrilho 8 em relação aos grupos Damon e Easy Clip. CONCLUSÃO: em relação à ligadura convencional, todos os sistemas de fechamento das canaletas testados são eficientes em reduzir a força de atrito, porém, tal redução varia significativamente de acordo com o sistema de fechamento da canaleta selecionado. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the frictional forces between 0.014-in NiTi wires (Aditek) with 4 mm horizontal deflection and brackets with different archwire ligation systems. METHODS: Four types of self-ligating brackets (Damon MX, Easy Clip, Smart Clip and In-Ovation), a t [...] riple bracket (Synergy) and a twin bracket with 8-shaped ligature (Tecnident) were tested. Twin brackets with conventional elastomeric ligatures (Morelli) were used as control group. Tests were repeated 10 times for each bracket/archwire combination. Frictional forces were measured in an Instron universal tensile machine at 3 mm/minute speed and a total displacement of 6 mm. Statistical analysis comprised ANOVA and Dunnett's multiple comparison post hoc test. RESULTS: Deflection-induced frictional (DIF) forces increased in the following order: Synergy, Damon, 8-shaped Ligature, Easy Clip, In-Ovation, Smart-Clip and conventional ligatures. The differences among groups were significant, with the exception of the 8-shaped ligature groups which was equal to the Damon and Easy Clip groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to conventional ligatures, all ligation systems tested reduced frictional forces. However, such reduction varied according to the ligation system employed.

Gilberto Vilanova, Queiroz; Rafael Yagüe, Ballester; João Batista, De Paiva; José, Rino Neto; Giselle Mara, Galon.

209

Avaliação da resistência à tração de artifícios ortodônticos - braquete, botão e tela - colados em pré-molares com resina autopolimerizável. estudo "in vitro" / Evaluation of the resistance to traction of orthodontic devices - bracket, bouton and frame - bonded in premolar with autopolimerizable resin. "in vitro" study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Retenção dentária é a condição fisiopatológica em que o dente, uma vez chegado o seu momento fisiológico de erupção, apresenta algum impedimento para realizá-lo. O tratamento, com envolvimento cirúrgico-ortodôntico, visa deslocar o elemento dental para a correta posição na arcada dentária, sem causa [...] r danos aos elementos dentais adjacentes, restabelecendo a estética e a função. A colagem direta de botões e braquetes ortodônticos para tração de dentes inclusos transformou-se na técnica preferida, pois exige menor extensão cirúrgica e remoção de tecido para acesso à coroa dental. A pesquisa objetivou analisar a intensidade da força aplicada ao conjunto dente/artifício/fio de amarrilho, pelo tracionamento, e observar o local do rompimento. Utilizaram-se 45 pré-molares, conservados em soro fisiológico 0,9%, que foram divididos em 3 grupos (15 com braquetes, 15 com botões e 15 com telas). Os dentes foram fixados em canos de PVC preenchidos com resina acrílica e os acessórios fixados ao dente com resina autopolimerizável. Após a colagem dos acessórios ortodônticos, os dentes voltaram a ser conservados em soro fisiológico e o teste realizado após 72 horas, com a utilização de um sensor de força e um programa de computador (Logger Pro). Com os resultados, observou-se que o braquete resistiu a uma força média de 36,0N, sendo a junção fio/braquete o local menos resistente; o botão resistiu a uma força média de 41,2N, a junção fio/botão ortodôntico foi o local menos resistente e a tela resistiu a uma força média de 28,8N, sendo a junção dente/tela o local menos resistente. Abstract in english Restrained is the tooth which, reached its physiological moment of eruption, shows some obstruction to accomplish it. The treatment, with orthodontic-surgical involvement, type drives at to dislocate the dental element for right position in the dental arch, without to cause damages for adjacent dent [...] al element, re-establishing the aesthetics and function. Therefore, the direct bonding of orthodontic bracket and bouton for retained teeth traction became the preferred technic for, besides more clear, it demands smaller surgical amplitude and tissue removal to grant access to the dental crown. The research intended analyse the intensity of applied force to the entirety teeth/device/tie-wire, tractioning through, and to observe the splot rupture. Maked use of 45 premolar, conserved in 0.9%¹ physiological serum, that was divided into three groups (15 with brackets, 15 with boutons and 15 with frames). The tooth was filled in PVC pipe filled with acrylic resin and the devices was bonded to the teeth with autopolimerizable resin. After the bonding realization of the orthodontic devices, the tooth was be preserved in physiological serum and the tests was be realized after 72 hours of the bonding by means of a computer program. The bracket endured to medium force of 36,0N, being the junction wire-device the spot less resistant; the bouton endured to medium force of 41,2N, the juncion wire-bouton was the plot less resistant and the frame was endured to medium force of 28,8N, being the junction teeth/frame the plot less resistant.

Moura, Walter Leal de; Moreira, Thaís Cristina Araújo; Teles, João Batista Mendes.

210

Avaliação da resistência à tração de artifícios ortodônticos - braquete, botão e tela - colados em pré-molares com resina autopolimerizável. estudo "in vitro" Evaluation of the resistance to traction of orthodontic devices - bracket, bouton and frame - bonded in premolar with autopolimerizable resin. "in vitro" study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Retenção dentária é a condição fisiopatológica em que o dente, uma vez chegado o seu momento fisiológico de erupção, apresenta algum impedimento para realizá-lo. O tratamento, com envolvimento cirúrgico-ortodôntico, visa deslocar o elemento dental para a correta posição na arcada dentária, sem causar danos aos elementos dentais adjacentes, restabelecendo a estética e a função. A colagem direta de botões e braquetes ortodônticos para tração de dentes inclusos transformou-se na técnica preferida, pois exige menor extensão cirúrgica e remoção de tecido para acesso à coroa dental. A pesquisa objetivou analisar a intensidade da força aplicada ao conjunto dente/artifício/fio de amarrilho, pelo tracionamento, e observar o local do rompimento. Utilizaram-se 45 pré-molares, conservados em soro fisiológico 0,9%, que foram divididos em 3 grupos (15 com braquetes, 15 com botões e 15 com telas. Os dentes foram fixados em canos de PVC preenchidos com resina acrílica e os acessórios fixados ao dente com resina autopolimerizável. Após a colagem dos acessórios ortodônticos, os dentes voltaram a ser conservados em soro fisiológico e o teste realizado após 72 horas, com a utilização de um sensor de força e um programa de computador (Logger Pro. Com os resultados, observou-se que o braquete resistiu a uma força média de 36,0N, sendo a junção fio/braquete o local menos resistente; o botão resistiu a uma força média de 41,2N, a junção fio/botão ortodôntico foi o local menos resistente e a tela resistiu a uma força média de 28,8N, sendo a junção dente/tela o local menos resistente.Restrained is the tooth which, reached its physiological moment of eruption, shows some obstruction to accomplish it. The treatment, with orthodontic-surgical involvement, type drives at to dislocate the dental element for right position in the dental arch, without to cause damages for adjacent dental element, re-establishing the aesthetics and function. Therefore, the direct bonding of orthodontic bracket and bouton for retained teeth traction became the preferred technic for, besides more clear, it demands smaller surgical amplitude and tissue removal to grant access to the dental crown. The research intended analyse the intensity of applied force to the entirety teeth/device/tie-wire, tractioning through, and to observe the splot rupture. Maked use of 45 premolar, conserved in 0.9%¹ physiological serum, that was divided into three groups (15 with brackets, 15 with boutons and 15 with frames. The tooth was filled in PVC pipe filled with acrylic resin and the devices was bonded to the teeth with autopolimerizable resin. After the bonding realization of the orthodontic devices, the tooth was be preserved in physiological serum and the tests was be realized after 72 hours of the bonding by means of a computer program. The bracket endured to medium force of 36,0N, being the junction wire-device the spot less resistant; the bouton endured to medium force of 41,2N, the juncion wire-bouton was the plot less resistant and the frame was endured to medium force of 28,8N, being the junction teeth/frame the plot less resistant.

Walter Leal de Moura

2004-06-01

211

An assessment of conventional and self-ligating brackets in Class I maxillary constriction patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate two different treatment systems with regard to incisor position, transverse dimension changes in maxillary arch, changes in maxillary molar inclinations, clinical periodontal parameters, and pain intensity in patients with a Class I malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Seventeen patients (with a mean age of 14.5 years) underwent orthodontic treatment with the Roth prescribed edgewise bracket systems after expanding the maxillary arch with a quad-helix appliance, and 16 patients (with a mean age of 14.8 years) underwent orthodontic treatment with the Damon 3MX bracket system. Each subject's lateral cephalometric and posteroanterior radiographs and dental casts were obtained at the beginning of the treatment and after debonding. In addition to these, the periodontal index and pain scores were taken. Results: Cephalometric data showed that in both treatment systems, overjet value decreased and maxillary and mandibular incisors proclined. Posteroanterior measurements demonstrated a greater increase in the maxillary molar inclination in the Damon group. Significant increase of maxillary intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar widths was shown in both systems. Periodontal index and pain score changes between different observation periods were the same. Conclusions: The conventional and Damon systems were found similar with regard to the incisor position, transverse dimension changes in maxillary arch, clinical periodontal parameters, and pain intensity. The only significant difference was that the Damon system inclined the maxillary molars more buccally than the conventional group. PMID:24423203

Atik, Ezgi; Ci?er, Semra

2014-07-01

212

Universal Cable Brackets  

Science.gov (United States)

Concept allows routing easily changed. No custom hardware required in concept. Instead, standard brackets cut to length and installed at selected locations along cable route. If cable route is changed, brackets simply moved to new locations. Concept for "universal" cable brackets make it easy to route electrical cable around and through virtually any structure.

Vanvalkenburgh, C.

1985-01-01

213

Using Little's Irregularity Index in orthodontics: outdated and inaccurate?  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Little\\'s Irregularity Index (LII) was devised to objectively score mandibular incisor alignment for epidemiological studies but has been extended to assess the relative performance of orthodontic brackets, retainer or treatment modalities. Our aim was to examine the repeatability and precision of LII measurements of four independent examiners on the maxillary arch of orthodontic patients. The hypothesis was that the reproducibility of individual contact point displacement measurements, used to calculate the LII score, are inappropriate.

Macauley, Donal

2012-12-01

214

Lingual Orthodontics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

At the early stages of the 80's, most of the practitioners and the patients have been seduced by lingual But the difficulties of the technique have rapidly given a disappointment. Today ten years later the authors present the progress which have been realized: the evolution of the brackets, the accuracy of their placement in the lab procedures, the making of the wire, the increase in patient's comfort. So this article attempts to review some of the advantages, disadvantages, bracket systems a...

2009-01-01

215

Mapping chemical elements on the surface of orthodontic appliance by SEM-EDX.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background During orthodontic treatment, the various elements that constitute the fixed appliance undergo different processes. As a result of a change of the surface, elution/coverage of metals on the surface can be observed in the process of corrosion/passivation. Material and Methods Scanning electron microscopy with an energy-dispersive X-ray analytical system (SEM-EDX) was used to analyze the composition of stainless steel elements of orthodontic fixed appliances (before and after orthodontic treatment), to obtain the composition of the surface of the elements. The analyzed elements were: brackets (Victory Series APC PLUS 022, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA); wires (0.017×0.025, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA); and bands (37+, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA). Results The results showed a decrease of chromium and iron contribution to the surface, with increase of oxygen content in used vs. new elements of the appliance. Conclusions Our results confirm the formation of oxides (passivation layer) on the surface of stainless steel as a result of the presence of the orthodontic appliance in patients' oral cavities. PMID:24857929

Mikulewicz, Marcin; Wo?owiec, Paulina; Michalak, Izabela; Chojnacka, Katarzyna; Czopor, Wojciech; Berniczei-Royko, Adam; Vegh, Andras; Gedrange, Thomas

2014-01-01

216

Clinical characteristics and properties of plastic brackets: A comprehensive review.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of this article is to provide the clinician with an up-to-date comprehensive literature review concerning the clinical characteristics and properties of plastic brackets. The article criticaily presents and discusses the various aspects of plastic brackets with regard to the construction, material properties, bond strength, frictional resistance, torque properties and bracket fracture. The article also contains guidelines and criteria concerning-the specific applications and use of plastic brackets.

A. Karamouzos

1998-01-01

217

Nd:YAG Laser-aided ceramic brackets debonding: Effects on shear bond strength and enamel surface  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to evaluate the efficiency of Nd:YAG laser-aided ceramic brackets debonding technique, both ceramic brackets and metallic brackets were bonded with orthodontic adhesive to 30 freshly extracted premolars. The specimens were divided into three groups, 10 in each, according to the brackets employed and the debonding techniques used: (1) metallic brackets with shear debonding force, (2) ceramic brackets with shear debonding force, and (3) ceramic brackets with Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The result showed that laser irradiation could diminish shear bond strength (SBS) significantly and produce the most desired ARI scores. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy investigation displayed that laser-aided technique induced little enamel scratch or loss. It was concluded that Nd:YAG laser could facilitate the debonding of ceramic brackets and diminish the amount of remnant adhesive without damaging enamel structure

2008-11-15

218

Nd:YAG Laser-aided ceramic brackets debonding: Effects on shear bond strength and enamel surface  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to evaluate the efficiency of Nd:YAG laser-aided ceramic brackets debonding technique, both ceramic brackets and metallic brackets were bonded with orthodontic adhesive to 30 freshly extracted premolars. The specimens were divided into three groups, 10 in each, according to the brackets employed and the debonding techniques used: (1) metallic brackets with shear debonding force, (2) ceramic brackets with shear debonding force, and (3) ceramic brackets with Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The result showed that laser irradiation could diminish shear bond strength (SBS) significantly and produce the most desired ARI scores. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy investigation displayed that laser-aided technique induced little enamel scratch or loss. It was concluded that Nd:YAG laser could facilitate the debonding of ceramic brackets and diminish the amount of remnant adhesive without damaging enamel structure.

Han Xianglong [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Liu Xiaolin [Department of Orthodontics, Stomatology Hospital, Dalian University, Dalian 116021 (China); Bai Ding [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China)], E-mail: baiding88@hotmail.com; Meng Yao; Huang Lan [Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China)

2008-11-15

219

[Invisible and almost invisible orthodontic appliances].  

Science.gov (United States)

Patient demand for invisible esthetic orthodontic appliances is steadily increasing. Two types of orthodontic appliances have a high rate of patient acceptance. The lingual technique has continually evolved by offering both prefabricated brackets or custom-made brackets. The various techniques have been improved over time, and the results are better than ever. Thermoplastic aligners are an alternative to lingual devices and their use is rapidly growing. Their specific properties make it easier to assess their indications and limitations. A review of the literature, the development of these systems and a presentation of some clinical examples of treated cases will help us to provide some of the basics for understanding each of these two types of appliances and to demonstrate the advantages and disadvantages of each system. PMID:24685250

Baron, Pascal

2014-03-01

220

A comparative study to evaluate the effects of ligation methods on friction in sliding mechanics using 0.022" slot brackets in dry state: An In-vitro study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Friction between archwires and brackets is assuming greater importance for finishing with increased use of sliding mechanics in orthodontics as friction impedes the desired tooth movement. The following study is conducted to compare and evaluate the effect of ligation on friction in sliding mechanics using 0.022" slot bracket in dry condition. Materials & Methods: In the study 48 combinations of brackets, archwires and different ligation techniques were tested in order to provide best combination that offers less friction during sliding mechanics. Instron- 4467 machine was used to evaluate static and kinetic friction force values and the results were subjected to Statistical Analysis and Anova test. Results: The results of the study showed that 0.022" metal brackets, Stainless steel wires and Slick modules provided the optimum frictional resistance to sliding mechanics. It is observed that frictional forces of 0.019" x 0.025" were higher when compared with 0.016" x 0.022" Stainless steel archwire due to the increase in dimension. Self-ligating brackets offered least friction followed by mini twin, variable force, regular stainless steel, ceramic with metal insert bracket and ceramic brackets. The stainless steel ligature offered less resistance than slick and grey modules, and TMA wires recorded maximum friction. Conclusion: The stainless steel archwire of 0.019" x 0.025" dimension are preferred during sliding mechanics, these archwires with variable force brackets ligated with Slick Modules offer decreased friction and is cost effective combination which can be utilized during sliding mechanics. How to cite the article: Vinay K, Venkatesh MJ, Nayak RS, Pasha A, Rajesh M, Kumar P. A comparative study to evaluate the effects of ligation methods on friction in sliding mechanics using 0.022" slot brackets in dry state: An In-vitro study. J Int Oral Health 2014;6(2):76-83. PMID:24876706

Vinay, K; Venkatesh, M J; Nayak, Rabindra S; Pasha, Azam; Rajesh, M; Kumar, Pradeep

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
221

[The Top Wire Appliance bracket: tooth movement and friction].  

Science.gov (United States)

The TWA (Top Wire Appliance) bracket enables a vertical insertion of the rectangular orthodontic archwire. This updated biomechanical evolution of the TWA technique promotes corrections during the first therapeutic stages of a fixed treatment. This bracket has been designed to take full advantage of the properties of shape memory archwires, reducing chairtime and making deep bite correction easier, dental rotations, alignment, leveling and stabilization, thanks to the rigidity of the vertically inserted arch, working heightwise. Progressive tightening ligature, adapted to the therapeutic sequence in progress is an element of biomechanics in TWA technique. PMID:12528246

Aknin, J J

2002-12-01

222

Effects of sliding velocity on friction: An in vitro study at extremely low sliding velocity approximating orthodontic tooth movement.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of sliding velocity on friction, particularly at extremely low sliding velocity approximating orthodontic tooth movement. Materials and Methods: Stainless-steel (SS) 0.022-inch preadjusted brackets and 0.016- and 0.016 × 0.022-inch SS wires and superelastic nickel-titanium 0.016 × 0.022-inch wires were used for this test. The wire was secured in a SS preadjusted bracket with an elastomeric module. One end of the wire was pulled upward 1.5 mm at a speed of 5.0 × 10(-7), 1.0 × 10(-5), 1.0 × 10(-4), 1.0 × 10(-3), 1.0 × 10(-2), and 1.0 × 10(-1) mm/s by the micrometer. The measurements were conducted 10 times and averaged. Tukey-Kramer tests were used to compare the mean differences of each testing measurement among the different sliding velocities. Results: The frictional forces tended to increase as the sliding velocity decreased. The mean frictional force for 5.0 × 10(-7) mm/s sliding velocity (approximating orthodontic tooth movement) was 106.8 cN in 0.016 × 0.022-inch SS wires, almost double the 1.0 × 10(-1) mm/s sliding velocity. Conclusion: The effects of sliding velocity cannot be ignored when we estimate frictional forces in clinical orthodontics. PMID:24160997

Yanase, Yumi; Ioi, Hideki; Nishioka, Masato; Takahashi, Ichiro

2014-05-01

223

Poisson brackets in Hydrodynamics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper investigates different Poisson structures that have been proposed to give a Hamiltonian formulation to evolution equations issued from fluid mechanics. Our aim is to explore the main brackets which have been proposed and to discuss the difficulties which arise when one tries to give a rigorous meaning to these brackets. Our main interest is in the definition of a valid and usable bracket to study rotational fluid flows with a free boundary. We discuss some results which have emerge...

2007-01-01

224

Bracket for photovoltaic modules  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Brackets for photovoltaic ("PV") modules are described. In one embodiment, a saddle bracket has a mounting surface to support one or more PV modules over a tube, a gusset coupled to the mounting surface, and a mounting feature coupled to the gusset to couple to the tube. The gusset can have a first leg and a second leg extending at an angle relative to the mounting surface. Saddle brackets can be coupled to a torque tube at predetermined locations. PV modules can be coupled to the saddle brackets. The mounting feature can be coupled to the first gusset and configured to stand the one or more PV modules off the tube.

Ciasulli, John; Jones, Jason

2014-06-24

225

Assessment of computer customized brackets and positioning jigs.  

Science.gov (United States)

An in-practice assessment of Ormco's CAD CAM Insignia Orthodontic system is reviewed Investigation included an in-vitro and in-vivo analysis of the accuracy of bracket placement, and measurement of the accuracy of slot and torque manufacturing specifications were addressed. The possible role of these systems in general dental practice is discussed. Examination of the Insignia system has led us to believe that changes in the way that orthodontic cases are being planned, treated, and delivered to the patient are changing with the increased use of computer technology. The ability to customize brackets and wires for the individual tooth in the individual patient should lead to better and easier finishing. PMID:22533029

Dewhurst, Robert

2012-01-01

226

Comparative analysis of slot dimension in lingual bracket systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances requires - among others - the correct clinical expression of torque, which depends on the precise fitting of archwire and slot. Especially in the lingual technique torque problems become clinically more evident than in labial appliances also with respect to the vertical alignment of teeth due to different distances from the center of resistance. The purpose of the present study was to compare the preciseness of slot dimensions of different lingual bracket systems. Methods Three lingual bracket systems were included in the study (7th Generation and STb, Ormco, Glendora, CA, USA; Incognito, TOP-Service/3 M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA. Non destructive analysis of vertical slot dimensions was performed using precision pin gauges (Azurea, Belprahon, Switzerland that were tapered in increments of 0.002 mm (0.00008 inch. The sizes of 240 incisor and canine brackets were measured per system (total: 720. Data were compared using one-way ANOVA. A p-value Results Average slot dimensions were 0.467 mm ± 0.007 mm (0.0184 inch ± 0.0003 inch for the 7th Generation bracket system, 0.466 mm ± 0.004 mm (0.0183 inch ± 0.0001 inch for the STb bracket system and 0.459 mm ± 0.004 mm (0.0181 inch ± 0.0001 inch for the Incognito bracket system. Differences between systems were statistically significant (p Conclusions The analyzed bracket systems for lingual treatment exhibited significant differences in slot dimension that will clinically result in torque play. These aspects must be considered in lingual orthodontic treatment.

Dittmer Marc P

2009-12-01

227

Indirect bonding technique in lingual orthodontics: the HIRO system.  

Science.gov (United States)

The indirect bonding technique is pivotal for success in lingual orthodontics. There are different laboratory techniques available for indirect positioning and bonding of lingual brackets. The HIRO system is one of the most used and easy to perform. In this article the HIRO laboratory and bonding technique and the different innovations and improvements made to the previously described technique are presented. PMID:19350057

Hiro, Toshiaki; Iglesia, Fernando de; Andreu, Puigdollers

2008-01-01

228

Evaluation of the orthodontic application of two new restorative systems.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: As new adhesives, composite resins and bonding techniques were introduced, orthodontists adopted some of these innovations and added them to their armamentarium. The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength (SBS of three adhesive systems used in dentistry; one with an organically modified matrix, Admira (Voco, Cuxhaven, Germany, another that contains the traditional Bis GMA matrix namely Transbond XT (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, and a nano-filled composite resin Grandio (Voco, Cuxhaven, Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty freshly extracted human molars were randomly divided into 3 groups; 20 teeth were bonded with Transbond XT, 20 teeth with Admira, and 20 teeth with Grandio. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The analysis of variance was used to compare the SBS of the three groups. If significant differences were present, Tukey’s posterior tests for harmonic mean sample size were used to determine which of the means were significantly different from each other. Significance for all statistical tests was predetermined at p?0.05. RESULTS: The results of the Analysis of Variance (F-value = 0.545 of the SBS indicated that there was no significant (p=0.583 differences between the three groups tested. The mean SBS for Admira was 5.1±3.3 MPa, for Grandio 4.1±2.6 MPa and that for Transbond XT was 4.6±3.2 MPa. During debonding 3 of 20 brackets (15% in each of the Admira and Grandio groups failed without registering any force on the testing machine recording. None of the brackets bonded with Transbond XT had a similar failure mode. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that new materials that are being introduced in operative dentistry can potentially have orthodontic applications if the flow of these materials can be improved to better adhere to the bracket bases.

J. F. Laffoon

2004-01-01

229

Motivational Goal Bracketing  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It is a puzzle why people often evaluate consequences of choices separately (narrow bracketing) rather than jointly (broad bracketing). We study the hypothesis that a present-biased individual, who faces two tasks, may bracket his goals narrowly for motivational reasons. Goals motivate because they serve as reference points that make substandard performance psychologically painful. A broad goal allows high performance in one task to compensate for low performance in the other. This partially insures against the risk of falling short of ones goal(s), but creates incentives to shirk in one of the tasks. Narrow goals have a stronger motivational force and thus can be optimal. In particular, if one task outcome becomes known before working on the second task, narrow bracketing is always optimal.

Nafziger, Julia; Koch, Alexander

2009-01-01

230

Effects of different orthodontic adhesives and resin removal techniques on enamel color alteration.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the color alterations in enamel following the use of different orthodontic bonding resins and adhesive residue-removal burs. Materials and Methods: Metal brackets were bonded to extracted human premolars (n ?=? 175) by using an etch-and-rinse adhesive system, a self-etch adhesive system (SEP), or a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). After 24 hours of photoaging, the brackets were removed and the adhesive residue on the tooth surfaces was cleaned with either a tungsten carbide bur or a Stainbuster bur. Tooth colors were measured with a spectrophotometer at baseline, after adhesive removal, and after additional photoaging. Color evaluation was made, and color differences induced by photoaging were calculated. Statistical evaluation was made using the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Mann-Whitney U-test, with Bonferroni correction. Results: All specimens showed discoloration at varying levels. The highest color change was observed in the etch-and-rinse adhesive/tungsten carbide bur group. When the etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesives were used, adhesive-remnant removal with Stainbuster burs resulted in significantly lower discoloration. The type of bur did not affect the extent of enamel discoloration in the RMGIC group. Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment alters the original color of enamel, and both the adhesive system and the resin-removal methods are responsible for this change. When brackets are bonded with the etch-and-rinse system or the SEP, cleaning the adhesive residuals with Stainbuster burs is recommended for minimal change. RMGIC can be safely cleaned with tungsten carbide burs. PMID:24313735

Boncuk, Yasemen; Cehreli, Zafer C; Polat-Özsoy, Omür

2014-07-01

231

Cellulose Nanofibre Mesh for Use in Dental Materials  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to produce a 3D mesh of defect free electrospun cellulose acetate nanofibres and to use this to produce a prototype composite resin containing nanofibre fillers. This might find use as an aesthetic orthodontic bracket material or composite veneer for restorative dentistry. In this laboratory based study cellulose acetate was dissolved in an acetone and dimethylacetamide solvent solution and electrospun. The spinning parameters were optimised and lithium chloride adde...

2012-01-01

232

Evaluation and Comparison of Quantity and Pattern of Fluoride release from Orthodontic Adhesives: An in vitro Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Orthodontic treatment has gained popularity since beginning of era of dentistry. Now a day, everyone is conscious about their appearance, smile and function. During orthodontic treatment use of brackets and adhesives are common. The bonding of brackets will cause demineralization which requires the fuoridation. So the study has been under- taken to analyze the pattern of fuoride release by commer- cially available adhesive bonding material for the prevention of demineralization. Aim: To evaluate and compare the clinical signifcance of quantity and pattern of fuoride release from three commercially available adhesives. Objectives: To assess the pattern of fuoride release and quantity, to reduce the decalcifcation of enamel around ortho- dontic brackets and bands during treatment and to prevent further use of topical fuoride both offce and self-use agents for prevention of demineralization/for remineralization. Materials and methods: The comparison of quantity and pattern of fuoride release study involved commercially available bonding adhesives. They are: Group I-resin reinforced glass Ionomer light cure material (OrthoLC), Group II-fuoride releasing composite resin material (Excel) and Group III- conventional composite (Relay-a-bond) evaluated on 78 freshly extracted premolar teeth divided into three groups consisting 26 specimens in each group. The prepared specimens were stored in artficial saliva at 37°C in an incubator for subsequent fuoride analysis using ORION ion selective electrode coupled with ionalyzer 901. Fluoride analysis made at 24 hours intervals for frst 3 consecutive days and thereafter at the end of 10th, 17th, 24th and 31st day of bonding. The data obtained were tabulated and interpreted by statistical analysis using 't' test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Observations and Results: The quantity of fuoride release in groups I and II was signifcant even at the end of 31st day. The one -way AVOVA showed intra and inter group signifcance in the quantity of fuoride release. But group III with zero fuoride release with signifcant decalcifcation on enamel which requires external use of topical fuorides. The pattern of fuoride released was 3.06 ppm for group I and 2.01 ppm for group II and was declined sharply after 24 hours; and continued to decline in subsequent weeks. Mean quantity of fuoride release by group I was 15.08 ppm were as group II was 9.02 ppm over the test period of 31 days. At the end of 31st day the group I bon ding adhesive w a s rel easi n g c o n s ider- able amount of fuoride compared to group II whereas group III was nil. At all the periods inter and intra group mean values were highly signifcant. And group III acted as base line or control group as it was non fuoride releasing material. Conclusion: Both the fuoride releasing adhesive bond material are useful to reduce the risk of demineralization and further prevent the usage of topical fuoride application and reduce cost and clinical visiting time for both patient and clinician. Keywords: Orthodontic adhesive, Fluoride release, Flouride analysis, Artifcial saliva, Orthodontic treatment, Deminera- lisation, Remineralisation, Fluoridation, Orthodontic brackets, Orion ionalyzer 901. How to cite this article: Regalla RR, Jadav C, Babu DA, Sriram RRS, Sriram SK, Kattimani VS. Evaluation and Comparison of Quantity and Pattern of Fluoride release from Orthodontic Adhesives: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):99-102. Source of support: Nil Confict of interest: None declared. PMID:24939273

Regalla, Ravindra Reddy; Jadav, Chandulal; Babu, Devatha Ashok; S Sriram, Roopa Rani; Sriram, Sanjay Krishna; Kattimani, Vivekanand S

2014-01-01

233

The Stealth in comparison with other lingual brackets: properties and procedures for indirect bonding.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are a number of brackets available for lingual orthodontics. One, the Stealth bracket system, which can be positioned in the laboratory with Class or Targ or Pacon bonding systems and can be transferred with multiple or single transfers made either with thermoplastic materials or with resin has some advantages. 1) A single wing with horizontal engagement of the arch and good interbracket distance, permitting early engagement of rectangular arch wire with good torque control. 2) A deep slot and easy ligation that provides good arch wire stability in the slot during friction mechanics without double overties. 3) A thin design that gives little discomfort to the patient, reduces tongue stress and pain during therapy and allows good cleaning of the appliance. 4) A wide mesh with a strong bonding force 5) A horizontal extension on both sides of the slot that provides two points of contact between the slot and the arch wire for rotation control 6) A horizontal slot for insertion of auxiliaries such as a bite plane that can be used when it is clinically indicated. PMID:17364041

Quadrelli, Carlo; Veneziani, Antonio

2007-01-01

234

Laser Application in Prevention of Demineralization in Orthodontic Treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One common negative side effect of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances is the development of incipient caries lesions around brackets, particularly in patients with poor oral hygiene. Different methods have been used to prevent demineralization such as fluoride therapy and application of sealant to prevent caries. The recent effort to improve the resistance against the demineralization is by the application of different types of lasers. The purpose of this review article is discussing the effects of laser in prevention of demineralizationin orthodontic patients.

Hooman Sadr Haghighi

2013-06-01

235

The Effect of Light Curing Tip Angulations on the Shear Bond Strength of an Orthodontic Adhesive  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of light curing tip angulations on the shear bond strength of an orthodontic adhesive. Three groups of thirty premolar teeth had brackets attached in a standardized manner using Transbond XT. The orthodontic adhesive were cured with a Blue LED light curing unit for 40 seconds using three different angulations 0 degrees, 45 degrees and 9 degrees at a standardized 3 mm distance. The debonding force was measured using an Instron Universal T...

2008-01-01

236

A comparative assessment of forces and moments generated by lingual and conventional brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of bracket type on the labiopalatal forces and moments generated in the sagittal plane. Incognito™ lingual brackets (3M Unitek), STb™ lingual brackets (Light Lingual System; ORMCO), and conventional 0.018 inch slot brackets (Gemini; 3M Unitek) were bonded on three identical maxillary acrylic resin models, with a palatally displaced right lateral incisor. The transfer trays for the indirect bonding of the lingual brackets were constructed in certified laboratories. Each model was mounted on the orthodontic measurement and simulation system and ten 0.013 inch CuNiTi wires were used for each bracket type. The wire was ligated with elastomerics and each measurement was repeated once after re-ligation. The labiopalatal forces and the moments in the sagittal plane were recorded on the right lateral incisor. One-way analysis of variance and post hoc Scheffe pairwise comparisons were used to assess the effect on bracket type on the generated forces and moments. The magnitude of forces ranged from 1.62, 1.27, and 1.81 N for the STb, conventional, and Incognito brackets, respectively; the corresponding moments were 2.01, 1.45, and 2.19 N mm, respectively. Bracket type was a significant predictor of the generated forces (P < 0.001) and moments (P < 0.001). The produced forces were different among all three bracket types, whereas the generated moments differed between conventional and lingual brackets but not between lingual brackets. PMID:21464153

Sifakakis, Iosif; Pandis, Nikolaos; Makou, Margarita; Katsaros, Christos; Eliades, Theodore; Bourauel, Christoph

2013-02-01

237

Poisson Brackets of Orthogonal Polynomials  

CERN Document Server

For the standard symplectic forms on Jacobi and CMV matrices, we compute Poisson brackets of OPRL and OPUC, and relate these to other basic Poisson brackets and to Jacobians of basic changes of variable.

Cantero, M J; Cantero, Maria Jose; Simon, Barry

2006-01-01

238

Quantizing Dirac and Nambu brackets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We relate classical and quantum Dirac and Nambu brackets. At the classical level, we use the relations between the two brackets to gain some insight into the Jacobi identity for Dirac brackets, among other things. At the quantum level, we suggest that the Nambu bracket is the preferred method for introducing constraints, although at the expense of some unorthodox behavior, which we describe in detail

2003-06-20

239

Influence of in vitro pigmenting of esthetic orthodontic ligatures on smile attractiveness  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of dental students and orthodontists on the degree of influence that pigmented esthetic elastic ligatures have on smile attractiveness, by judging clinical photographs. METHODS: Sixteen clinical facial photographs of the smile and 16 close up images of the smile of a single patient wearing monocrystalline porcelain orthodontic brackets, Teflon coated NiTi wire brackets and esthetic elastic ligatures of five different commercial brands were distributed int...

2012-01-01

240

In-office bacteria test for a microbial monitoring during the conventional and self-ligating orthodontic treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract This study investigated the microbial level of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. during an orthodontic treatment, and compare the data with untreated control subjects. Sixty young adult subjects were selected (average 20.5, DS 1.62, among which 40 underwent an orthodontic treatment (20 were treated with self-ligating brackets and 20 with conventional brackets and 20 were controls. Plaque Index, salivary flow and buffering capacity of saliva were assessed before the beginning of the orthodontic treatment. Then the microbial counts were obtained by using an in-office bacteria test. The plaque index (PI increased over time in each group as well as salivary flow, mostly in subjects treated with self-ligating brackets, suggesting a difference between conventional and self-ligating brackets. S.mutans showed a different trend of colonization in the two treated groups, as for subjects treated with conventional brackets it showed the greater value at the early stage of treatment (T1, followed by a decrease at T2. Lactobacillus spp. showed significant increase over time in the two treated groups, respect to the control group. Linear regression analysis showed no significant predictor for the microbial count at T2. The assortment of the various species of bacteria change over time during the orthodontic treatment, and seems to show different trends, depending on the type of orthodontic device. Consequently a periodical microbial monitoring using in-office bacteria tests, seems indicated.

Mummolo Stefano

2013-02-01

 
 
 
 
241

A comparative assessment of torque generated by lingual and conventional brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of bracket type on the labiopalatal moments generated by lingual and conventional brackets. Incognito™ lingual brackets (3M Unitek), STb™ lingual brackets (Light Lingual System; ORMCO), In-Ovation L lingual brackets (DENTSPLY GAC), and conventional 0.018 inch slot brackets (Gemini; 3M Unitek) were bonded on identical maxillary acrylic resin models with levelled and aligned teeth. Each model was mounted on the orthodontic measurement and simulation system and 10 0.0175 × 0.0175 TMA wires were used for each bracket type. The wire was ligated with elastomerics into the Incognito, STb, and conventional brackets and each measurement was repeated once after religation. A 15 degrees buccal root torque (+15 degrees) and then a 15 degrees palatal root torque (-15 degrees) were gradually applied to the right central incisor bracket. After each activation, the bracket returned to its initial position and the moments in the sagittal plane were recorded during these rotations of the bracket. One-way analysis of variance with post hoc multiple comparisons (Tukey test at 0.05 error rate) was conducted to assess the effect on bracket type on the generated moments. The magnitude of maximum moment at +15 degrees ranged 8.8, 8.2, 7.1, and 5.8 Nmm for the Incognito, STb, conventional Gemini, and the In-Ovation L brackets, respectively; similar values were recorded at -15 degrees: 8.6, 8.1, 7.0, and 5.7 Nmm, respectively. The recorded differences of maximum moments were statistically significant, except between the Incognito and STb brackets. Additionally, the torque angles were evaluated at which the crown torque fell well below the minimum levels of 5.0 Nmm, as well as the moment/torque ratio at the last part of the activation/deactivation curve, between 10 and 15 degrees. The lowest torque expression was observed at the self-ligating lingual brackets, followed by the conventional brackets. The Incognito and STb lingual brackets generated the highest moments. PMID:22573909

Sifakakis, Iosif; Pandis, Nikolaos; Makou, Margarita; Eliades, Theodore; Katsaros, Christos; Bourauel, Christoph

2013-06-01

242

The spectrum of Apert syndrome: phenotype, particularities in orthodontic treatment, and characteristics of orthognathic surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract In the PubMed accessible literature, information on the characteristics of interdisciplinary orthodontic and surgical treatment of patients with Apert syndrome is rare. The aim of the present article is threefold: (1 to show the spectrum of the phenotype, in order (2 to elucidate the scope of hindrances to orthodontic treatment, and (3 to demonstrate the problems of surgery and interdisciplinary approach. Children and adolescents who were born in 1985 or later, who were diagnosed with Apert syndrome, and who sought consultation or treatment at the Departments of Orthodontics or Craniomaxillofacial Surgery at the Dental School of the University Hospital of Münster (n = 22; 9 male, 13 female were screened. Exemplarily, three of these patients (2 male, 1 female, seeking interdisciplinary (both orthodontic and surgical treatment are presented. Orthodontic treatment before surgery was performed by one experienced orthodontist (AH, and orthognathic surgery was performed by one experienced surgeon (UJ, who diagnosed the syndrome according to the criteria listed in OMIM™. In the sagittal plane, the patients suffered from a mild to a very severe Angle Class III malocclusion, which was sometimes compensated by the inclination of the lower incisors; in the vertical dimension from an open bite; and transversally from a single tooth in crossbite to a circular crossbite. All patients showed dentitio tarda, some impaction, partial eruption, idopathic root resorption, transposition or other aberrations in the position of the tooth germs, and severe crowding, with sometimes parallel molar tooth buds in each quarter of the upper jaw. Because of the severity of malocclusion, orthodontic treatment needed to be performed with fixed appliances, and mainly with superelastic wires. The therapy was hampered with respect to positioning of bands and brackets because of incomplete tooth eruption, dense gingiva, and mucopolysaccharide ridges. Some teeth did not move, or moved insufficiently (especially with respect to rotations and torque irrespective of surgical procedures or orthodontic mechanics and materials applied, and without prognostic factors indicating these problems. Establishing occlusal contact of all teeth was difficult. Tooth movement was generally retarded, increasing the duration of orthodontic treatment. Planning of extractions was different from that of patients without this syndrome. In one patient, the sole surgical procedure after orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances in the maxilla and mandible was a genioplasty. Most patients needed two- jaw surgery (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy [BSSO] with mandibular setback and distraction in the maxilla. During the period of distraction, the orthodontist guided the maxilla into final position by means of bite planes and intermaxillary elastics. To our knowledge, this is the first article in the PubMed accessible literature describing the problems with respect to interdisciplinary orthodontic and surgical procedures. Although the treatment results are not perfect, patients undergoing these procedures benefit esthetically to a high degree. Patients need to be informed with respect to the different kinds of extractions that need to be performed, the increased treatment time, and the results, which may be reached using realistic expectations.

Ehmer Ulrike

2007-02-01

243

Bracketing effects on risk tolerance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research has shown that risk tolerance increases when multiple decisions and associated outcomes are presented together in a broader ``bracket'' rather than one at a time. The present studies disentangle the influence of problem bracketing (presenting multiple investment options together from that of outcome bracketing (presenting the aggregated outcomes of multiple decisions, factors which have been deliberately confounded in previous research. In the standard version of the bracketing task, in which participants decide how much of an initial endowment to invest into each in a series of repeated, identical gambles, we find a problem bracketing effect but not an outcome bracketing effect. However, this pattern of results does not generalize to the cases of non-identical gambles nor discrete choice, where we fail to find the standard bracketing effect.

Ester Moher

2010-08-01

244

Laser Application in Prevention of Demineralization in Orthodontic Treatment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

One common negative side effect of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances is the development of incipient caries lesions around brackets, particularly in patients with poor oral hygiene. Different methods have been used to prevent demineralization such as fluoride therapy and application of sealant to prevent caries. The recent effort to improve the resistance against the demineralization is by the application of different types of lasers. The purpose of this review article is discuss...

Hooman Sadr Haghighi; Mahsa Skandarinejad; Amir Ardalan Abdollahi

2013-01-01

245

A Comparison of pical Root Resorption in Incisors after Fixed Orthodontic Treatment with Standard Edgewise and Straight Wire (MBT) Method.  

Science.gov (United States)

Statement of Problem: One of the major outcomes of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption of teeth moved during the treatment. Identifying the possible risk factors, are necessary for every orthodontist. Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of apical root resorption after fixed orthodontic treatment with standard edgewise and straight wire (MBT) method, and also to evaluate other factors effecting the rate of root resorption in orthodontic treatments. Materials and Method: In this study, parallel periapical radiographs of 127 patients imaging a total of 737 individual teeth, were collected. A total of 76 patients were treated by standard edgewise and 51 patients by straight wire method. The periapical radiographs were scanned and then the percentage of root resorption was calculated by Photoshop software. The data were analyzed by Paired-Samples t-test and the Generalized Linear Model adopting the SPSS 15.0. Results: In patients treated with straight wire method (MBT), mean root resorption was 18.26% compared to 14.82% in patients treated with standard edgewise technique (pMBT technique due to the brackets employed in this method. PMID:24724131

Zahed Zahedani, Sm; Oshagh, M; Momeni Danaei, Sh; Roeinpeikar, Smm

2013-09-01

246

Application of occlusal indices in orthodontic practice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction. Occlusal indices were designed to improve diagnostic criteria and to enable an objective assessment of malocclusion severity. The aim of this study was to present the most frequently used occlusal indices in orthodontic practice and to determine their reliability when applied to dental models. Material and Methods. Three occlusal indices were selected for analysis: the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN), the Peer Assessment Rating Index (PAR) and the Index of Complexity,...

?or?evi? Jelena; Š?epan Ivana; Gliši? Branislav

2009-01-01

247

Salivary Streptococcus mutans levels in patients with conventional and self-ligating brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of bracket type (conventional and self-ligating) on the levels of Streptococcus mutans and total bacterial counts in whole saliva of orthodontic patients. Thirty-two male and female patients were selected using the following inclusion criteria: adolescents (mean age 13.6 years, range 11-17 years), fixed appliances in both arches, non-smoker, and no reported oral habits. Demographic and oral hygiene characteristics were determined for each subject. The patients were subdivided into two groups with random allocation of bracket type (conventional or self-ligating). An initial saliva sample was obtained before the initiation of treatment (T1) and a second sample 2-3 months following appliance bonding (T2). Salivary S. mutans and total bacteria were enumerated and analysed after growth in culture. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the samples were analysed with a t- or chi-square test, where applicable, to assess the random allocation of bracket group to participants. The results of S. mutans and total facultative bacterial counts were log transformed and statistically analysed with analysis of covariance with bracket (conventional versus self-ligating) as the categorical variable and initial total bacterial counts or initial S. mutans levels serving as the covariate. No difference was found in the demographics and oral hygiene indices between the two groups, verifying the random assignment of brackets to the population sample. The levels of S. mutans in whole saliva of orthodontically treated patients do not seem to be significantly different between conventional and self-ligating brackets. The pre-treatment levels of S. mutans are significant predictors of the levels of S. mutans after placement of orthodontic appliances, while this was not the case for total bacterial counts. PMID:19474229

Pandis, Nikolaos; Papaioannou, William; Kontou, Efterpi; Nakou, Melachrini; Makou, Margarita; Eliades, Theodore

2010-02-01

248

Effect of light-curing units in shear bond strength of metallic brackets: an in vitro study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of the light curing units on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two premolars were divided into six groups (n=12): Group I: brackets bonded with Transbond and polymerization with halogen light; Group II: Transbond and [...] LED; Group III: Fuji Ortho and halogen light; Group IV: Fuji Ortho and LED; Group V: Fuji Ortho, without acid and halogen light; Group VI: Fuji Ortho, without acid and LED. The groups were tested to shear strength in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test. RESULTS: The composite resin presented higher shear bond strength than the resin-modified glass ionomer cement (p0.05). CONCLUSION: The shear bond strength was influenced by the material but not by the light-curing unit. The use of LED reduced the experimental time by approximately 60%, with the same curing efficiency.

Luciana Borges, Retamoso; Niége Michelle Lazzari, Onofre; Luciane, Hann; Ernani Menezes, Marchioro.

249

Shear bond strength of new and recycled brackets to enamel  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a resistência ao cisalhamento de bráquetes reciclados. Foram utilizados 50 pré-molares humanos, extraídos com finalidade ortodôntica, nos quais foi feita a colagem de bráquetes (S2C-03Z; Dental Morelli, Brasil) com resina composta quimicamente ativada (Co [...] ncise Ortodôntico; 3M, EUA). Os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 5 grupos (n=10). No grupo I (controle), os bráquetes colados permaneceram fixados até o momento do teste de cisalhamento (ou seja, não foram feitos procedimentos de remoção e nova colagem dos bráquetes). Nos grupos II, III e IV, os bráquetes foram removidos e reutilizados após reciclagem com jateamento de óxido de alumínio (90 µm), desgaste com ponta abrasiva de carboneto de silício ou processo industrial por uma empresa especializada (Abzil-Lancer, Brasil), respectivamente. No grupo V, os bráquetes foram removidos e bráquetes novos foram colados sobre o esmalte. Os ensaios de cisalhamento foram realizados numa máquina Instron com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min e os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância e teste de Tukey com nível de significância de 5 %. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p>0,05) entre os bráquetes do grupo controle (0,52 kgf/mm²), reciclados com óxido de alumínio (0,34 kgf/mm²) e bráquetes novos colados sobre o esmalte onde anteriormente havia bráquetes fixados (0,43 kgf/mm²). Bráquetes reciclados pela empresa especializada (0,28 kgf/mm²) e pelo desgaste com carboneto de silício (0,14 kgf/mm²) apresentaram os menores valores de resistência ao cisalhamento, com diferença estatisticament significante (p Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the shear bond strength of recycled orthodontic brackets. S2C-03Z brackets (Dental Morelli, Brazil) were bonded to the buccal surfaces of 50 extracted human premolars using Concise Orthodontic chemically cured composite resin (3M, USA). The teeth we [...] re randomly assigned to 5 groups (n=10), as follows. In group I (control), the bonded brackets remained attached until shear testing (i.e., no debonding/rebonding). In groups II, III and IV, the bonded brackets were detached and rebonded after recycling by 90-mum particle aluminum oxide blasting, silicon carbide stone grinding or an industrial process at a specialized contractor company (Abzil-Lancer, Brazil), respectively. In group V, the bonded brackets were removed and new brackets were bonded to the enamel surface. Shear bond strength was tested in an Instron machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between the control brackets (0.52 kgf/mm²), brackets recycled by aluminum oxide blasting (0.34 kgf/mm²) and new brackets attached to previously bonded teeth (0.43 kgf/mm²). Brackets recycled by the specialized company (0.28 kgf/mm²) and those recycled by silicon carbide stone grinding (0.14 kgf/mm²) showed the lowest shear strength means and differed statistically from control brackets (0.52 kgf/mm²) (p

Stenyo Wanderley, Tavares; Simonides, Consani; Darcy Flávio, Nouer; Maria Beatriz Borges de Araújo, Magnani; Paulo Roberto Aranha, Nouer; Laura Moura, Martins.

250

Equivalences of higher derived brackets  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This note elaborates on Th. Voronov’s construction [Th. Voronov, Higher derived brackets and homotopy algebras, J. Pure Appl. Algebra 202 (1–3) (2005) 133–153; Th. Voronov, Higher derived brackets for arbitrary derivations, Travaux Math. XVI (2005) 163–186] of L?-structures via higher derived brackets with a Maurer–Cartan element. It is shown that gauge equivalent Maurer–Cartan elements induce L?-isomorphic structures. Applications in symplectic, Poisson and Dirac geometry are...

2008-01-01

251

Factors affecting the shear bond strength of metal and ceramic brackets bonded to different ceramic surfaces.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of this study were to evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal and ceramic brackets bonded to two different all-ceramic crowns, IPS Empress 2 and In-Ceram Alumina, to compare the SBS between hydrofluoric acid (HFA), phosphoric acid etched, and sandblasted, non-etched all-ceramic surfaces. Ninety-six all-ceramic crowns were fabricated resembling a maxillary left first premolar. The crowns were divided into eight groups: (1) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted 9.6 per cent HFA-etched IPS Empress 2 crowns; (2) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted 9.6 per cent HFA-etched In-Ceram crowns; (3) ceramic brackets bonded to sandblasted 9.6 per cent HFA-etched IPS Empress 2 crowns; (4) ceramic brackets bonded to sandblasted 9.6 per cent HFA-etched In-Ceram crowns; (5) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted 37 per cent phosphoric acid-etched IPS Empress 2 crowns; (6) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted 37 per cent phosphoric acid-etched In-Ceram crowns; (7) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted, non-etched IPS Empress 2 crowns; and (8) metal brackets bonded to sandblasted, non-etched In-Ceram crowns. Metal and ceramic orthodontic brackets were bonded using a conventional light polymerizing adhesive resin. An Instron universal testing machine was used to determine the SBS at a crosshead speed of 0.1 mm/minute. Comparison between groups was performed using a univariate general linear model and chi-squared tests. The highest mean SBS was found in group 3 (120.15 +/- 45.05 N) and the lowest in group 8 (57.86 +/- 26.20 N). Of all the variables studied, surface treatment was the only factor that significantly affected SBS (P < 0.001). Acid etch application to sandblasted surfaces significantly increased the SBS in groups 1, 2, 5, and 6. The SBS of metal brackets debonded from groups 1, 3, and 5 were not significantly different from those of groups 2, 4, and 6. All debonded metal brackets revealed a similar pattern of bond failure at the adhesive-restorative interface. However, ceramic brackets had a significantly different adhesive failure pattern with dominant failure at the adhesive-bracket interface. Ceramic fractures after bracket removal were found more often in groups 1-4. No significant difference in ceramic fracture was observed between the IPS Empress 2 and In-Ceram groups. PMID:19903729

Abu Alhaija, Elham S J; Abu AlReesh, Issam A; AlWahadni, Ahed M S

2010-06-01

252

Improvement of orthodontic friction by coating archwire with carbon nitride film  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to reduce frictional resistance between archwire and bracket during orthodontic tooth movement, carbon nitride (CNx) thin films were deposited on the surface of archwires with ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD). The energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) analysis showed that the CNx film was successfully deposited on the surface of the orthodontic wires. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis suggested that the deposited CNx film was sp{sup 2} carbon dominated structures, and diversiform bonds (N-C, N{identical_to}C, et al.) coexisted in the film. The friction tests indicated that the CNx film significantly reduced the wire-bracket friction both in ambient air and in artificial saliva. The sp{sup 2}C rich structure of the CNx film as well as its protection function for the archwire was responsible for the low friction of the wire-bracket sliding system.

Wei Songbo [State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Shao Tianmin, E-mail: shaotm@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Ding Peng [Department of Orthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2011-10-01

253

A 3-Variable Bracket  

CERN Document Server

Kauffman's bracket is an invariant of regular isotopy of knots and links which since its discovery in 1985 it has been used in many different directions: (a) it implies an easy proof of the invariance of (in fact, it is equivalent to) the Jones polynomial; (b) it is the basic ingredient in a completely combinatorial construction for quantum 3-manifold invariants; (c) by its fundamental character it plays an important role in some theories in Physics; it has been used in the context of virtual links; it has connections with many objects other objects in Mathematics and Physics. I show in this note that, surprisingly enough, the same idea that produces the bracket can be slightly modified to produce algebraically stronger regular isotopy and ambient isotopy invariants living in the quotient ring $R/I$, where the ring $R$ and the ideal $I$ are: \\begin{center} $R=\\Z[\\alpha,\\beta,\\delta]$, $I=$, with $p_1=\\alpha^2 \\delta + 2 \\alpha \\beta \\delta ^2 -\\delta ^2+\\beta ^2 \\delta, p_2=\\alpha \\beta \\delta ^3+\\alpha ^2 \\d...

Lins, Sostenes

2008-01-01

254

Glass transition and degree of conversion of a light-cured orthodontic composite  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the glass transition temperature (Tg) and degree of conversion (DC) of a light-cured (Fill Magic) versus a chemically cured (Concise) orthodontic composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anelastic relaxation spectroscopy was used for the first time to determine the Tg of a de [...] ntal composite, while the DC was evaluated by infrared spectroscopy. The light-cured composite specimens were irradiated with a commercial LED light-curing unit using different exposure times (40, 90 and 120 s). RESULTS: Fill Magic presented lower Tg than Concise (35-84ºC versus 135ºC), but reached a higher DC. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that Fill Magic has lower Tg than Concise due to its higher organic phase content, and that when this light-cured composite is used to bond orthodontic brackets, a minimum energy density of 7.8 J/cm² is necessary to reach adequate conversion level and obtain satisfactory adhesion.

Sostena, Michela M. D. S.; Nogueira, Renata A.; Grandini, Carlos R.; Moraes, João Carlos Silos.

255

Glass transition and degree of conversion of a light-cured orthodontic composite  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the glass transition temperature (Tg and degree of conversion (DC of a light-cured (Fill Magic versus a chemically cured (Concise orthodontic composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Anelastic relaxation spectroscopy was used for the first time to determine the Tg of a dental composite, while the DC was evaluated by infrared spectroscopy. The light-cured composite specimens were irradiated with a commercial LED light-curing unit using different exposure times (40, 90 and 120 s. RESULTS: Fill Magic presented lower Tg than Concise (35-84ºC versus 135ºC, but reached a higher DC. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that Fill Magic has lower Tg than Concise due to its higher organic phase content, and that when this light-cured composite is used to bond orthodontic brackets, a minimum energy density of 7.8 J/cm² is necessary to reach adequate conversion level and obtain satisfactory adhesion.

Michela M. D. S. Sostena

2009-12-01

256

Different methods for composite removal after bracket debonding. A comparative in-vitro study.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In contemporary orthodontics, simplification of the methodology has been one of the primary objectives, in order to decrease the treatment time, without neglecting the conditions of functional balance and aesthetic. This paper presents methods for removal of the composite remaining after debonding of ortho- dontic brackets, with the aim of obtaining a smooth surface and as close as possible to the condi- tions presented pretreatment. The sample comprised 30 human premolars in which we used th...

Lourenc?o, F. M.; Saúl Matos Castro; Maria João Ponces; Paula Vaz; Rocha, L.; Jorge Lopes

2012-01-01

257

Semi-Bracketed Contextual Grammars.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bracketed and fully bracketed contextual grammars were introduced to bring the concept of a tree structure to the strings by associating a pair of parentheses to the adjoined contexts in the derivation. In this paper, we show that these grammars fail to g...

L. Kuppusamy

2008-01-01

258

Orthodontic uprighting of severely impacted mandibular second molars.  

Science.gov (United States)

The prevalence of impacted second molars is low, varying from 0% to 2.3%. The etiology of an impaction can involve systemic, local, and periodontal factors, as well as a developmental disruption of the tooth germ. A number of surgical and orthodontic treatment options have been suggested in the literature, including leaving the tooth in situ, removing the impacted second molar, orthodontic uprighting, and autotransplantation. Removal of third molars has been suggested as an adjunct for space creation. This article presents the treatment of a girl with bilateral severely impacted mandibular second molars as well as an ectopic maxillary left canine and severe crowding affecting both the maxillary and mandibular arches. Her treatment was successfully completed with fixed preadjusted edgewise appliances (0.022 × 0.028-in slot size) and MBT prescription (APC precoated Gemini Brackets; 3M Unitek, St. Paul, Minn), along with the removal of 4 first premolars. The maxillary left canine and the mandibular second molars were surgically exposed. The treatment mechanics show that even severely impacted second molars can be uprighted by routine straight-wire techniques, which are easy to apply. The center of rotation of the second molar lies in the bifurcation of the roots of this tooth, and this biomechanical property was used to its full advantage. The techniques applied comprised bracket repositioning, bypass of brackets, conversion of molar tubes to brackets, thermoelastic copper-nickel-titanium archwires, and a push-coil spring. Other orthodontic treatment mechanics, which require complex sectional or segmental techniques, auxiliaries, or artistic wire bending, that have been suggested in the literature were not used here. The third molars were not removed. PMID:23273367

Lau, Catherine K; Whang, Claudia Z Y; Bister, Dirk

2013-01-01

259

Desmistificando os braquetes autoligáveis Demystifying self-ligating brackets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Atualmente, os braquetes autoligáveis têm sido associados a tratamentos mais rápidos e eficazes, o que desperta a curiosidade em compará-los ao sistema convencional. Ao contrário dos braquetes tradicionais, os autoligáveis não necessitam de ligaduras, sejam elásticas ou metálicas. A literatura é farta em concluir que essa característica diminui, ostensivamente, a resistência do atrito durante as mecânicas de deslize. Além disso, existem alegações sobre a dimimuição da necessidade de extrações e de expansão maxilar com o uso desses acessórios. Portanto, o objetivo dessa revisão de literatura foi buscar os mais novos estudos a respeito dos aparelhos autoligáveis atualmente utilizados nos tratamentos ortodônticos, confirmando ou retificando as especulações vigentes.Currently self-ligating brackets have been associated to faster and more efficient treatments, which arouse the curiosity to compare them to the conventional system. Unlike traditional appliances, self-ligating brackets do not require elastomeric or metal ligatures. The literature is abundant in concluding that this feature decreases, ostensibly, the friction resistance during the sliding mechanics. Moreover, there are reports on minimizing the need of extractions and maxillary expansion using these accessories. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review was to seek the newest studies about the self-ligating brackets currently used in orthodontic treatments, confirming or correcting current speculations.

Renata Sathler

2011-04-01

260

Desmistificando os braquetes autoligáveis / Demystifying self-ligating brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Atualmente, os braquetes autoligáveis têm sido associados a tratamentos mais rápidos e eficazes, o que desperta a curiosidade em compará-los ao sistema convencional. Ao contrário dos braquetes tradicionais, os autoligáveis não necessitam de ligaduras, sejam elásticas ou metálicas. A literatura é far [...] ta em concluir que essa característica diminui, ostensivamente, a resistência do atrito durante as mecânicas de deslize. Além disso, existem alegações sobre a dimimuição da necessidade de extrações e de expansão maxilar com o uso desses acessórios. Portanto, o objetivo dessa revisão de literatura foi buscar os mais novos estudos a respeito dos aparelhos autoligáveis atualmente utilizados nos tratamentos ortodônticos, confirmando ou retificando as especulações vigentes. Abstract in english Currently self-ligating brackets have been associated to faster and more efficient treatments, which arouse the curiosity to compare them to the conventional system. Unlike traditional appliances, self-ligating brackets do not require elastomeric or metal ligatures. The literature is abundant in con [...] cluding that this feature decreases, ostensibly, the friction resistance during the sliding mechanics. Moreover, there are reports on minimizing the need of extractions and maxillary expansion using these accessories. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review was to seek the newest studies about the self-ligating brackets currently used in orthodontic treatments, confirming or correcting current speculations.

Renata, Sathler; Renata Gonçalves, Silva; Guilherme, Janson; Nuria Cabral Castello, Branco; Marcelo, Zanda.

 
 
 
 
261

Evaluation of shear bond strength of different treatments of ceramic bracket surfaces / Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de diferentes tratamentos na superfície de braquetes cerâmicos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência à união da interface entre braquete cerâmico e restauração de resina composta, empregando quatro tipos de tratamento na base do braquete. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 48 discos de resina fotoativada (Filtek® Z250) incluídos em corpos de prova, divididos em quatro grupos, [...] com 12 espécimes em cada grupo, de acordo com o tipo de tratamento realizado na base do braquete. Uma vez colados os braquetes, os corpos de prova foram submetidos à tensão de cisalhamento, realizado numa máquina universal de ensaios (MTS: 810 Material Test System) calibrada com velocidade fixa de 0,5mm/min. Os valores obtidos foram registrados e comparados por meio de médias, utilizando-se testes estatísticos adequados (análise de Variância e, posteriormente, teste de Tukey). RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: o condicionamento das superfícies dos braquetes cerâmicos com ácido hidrofluorídrico a 10% por 1 minuto, seguido do jateamento com óxido de alumínio com 50um de tamanho, e posterior aplicação do silano e, depois, aplicação de adesivo, foi considerado o melhor método para o preparo de superfícies de braquetes cerâmicos previamente à colagem estética ortodôntica. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bonding strength of the ceramic bracket and composite resin restoration interface, using four types of treatment on the base of the bracket. METHODOLOGY: 48 photoactivated composite resin discs were used (FiltekTM Z250) contained in specimens and divided into 4 groups of 1 [...] 2 specimens for each group according to the type of treatment performed on the base of the brackets. Once the brackets were bonded, the specimens were subjected to shear stress carried out in a universal testing machine (MTS: 810 Material Test System) calibrated with a fixed speed of 0.5 mm / minute. The values obtained were recorded and compared by means of appropriate statistical tests - analysis of variance and then Tukey's test. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The surfaces of ceramic brackets conditioned with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 1 minute, followed by aluminum oxide blasting, 50µ, after silane application and primer application, was considered the best method to prepare surfaces of ceramic brackets prior to orthodontic esthetic bonding.

Patrícia Helou Ramos, Andrade; Rogério Vieira, Reges; Marcos Augusto, Lenza.

262

Evaluation of shear bond strength of different treatments of ceramic bracket surfaces Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de diferentes tratamentos na superfície de braquetes cerâmicos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bonding strength of the ceramic bracket and composite resin restoration interface, using four types of treatment on the base of the bracket. METHODOLOGY: 48 photoactivated composite resin discs were used (FiltekTM Z250 contained in specimens and divided into 4 groups of 12 specimens for each group according to the type of treatment performed on the base of the brackets. Once the brackets were bonded, the specimens were subjected to shear stress carried out in a universal testing machine (MTS: 810 Material Test System calibrated with a fixed speed of 0.5 mm / minute. The values obtained were recorded and compared by means of appropriate statistical tests - analysis of variance and then Tukey's test. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The surfaces of ceramic brackets conditioned with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 1 minute, followed by aluminum oxide blasting, 50µ, after silane application and primer application, was considered the best method to prepare surfaces of ceramic brackets prior to orthodontic esthetic bonding.OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência à união da interface entre braquete cerâmico e restauração de resina composta, empregando quatro tipos de tratamento na base do braquete. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 48 discos de resina fotoativada (Filtek® Z250 incluídos em corpos de prova, divididos em quatro grupos, com 12 espécimes em cada grupo, de acordo com o tipo de tratamento realizado na base do braquete. Uma vez colados os braquetes, os corpos de prova foram submetidos à tensão de cisalhamento, realizado numa máquina universal de ensaios (MTS: 810 Material Test System calibrada com velocidade fixa de 0,5mm/min. Os valores obtidos foram registrados e comparados por meio de médias, utilizando-se testes estatísticos adequados (análise de Variância e, posteriormente, teste de Tukey. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: o condicionamento das superfícies dos braquetes cerâmicos com ácido hidrofluorídrico a 10% por 1 minuto, seguido do jateamento com óxido de alumínio com 50um de tamanho, e posterior aplicação do silano e, depois, aplicação de adesivo, foi considerado o melhor método para o preparo de superfícies de braquetes cerâmicos previamente à colagem estética ortodôntica.

Patrícia Helou Ramos Andrade

2012-08-01

263

Oral tissues and orthodontic treatment: common side effects.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this paper was to provide a literature review about the problems that can occur during orthodontic treatment. Using the PubMed database we collected items that would provide information regarding the direct consequences of the placement of an orthodontic appliance: coming to the discussion of the following topics: candida infections, the effects on the soft tissues, the effects on periodontal tissues and effects on hard tissues. The presence of appliances in the oral cavity increases the prevalence of people with candida, specifically the species Candida Albicans is the most frequently isolated. The balance between the clearance of the microorganism, the colonization and the state of candidiasis depends both on the virulence of the fungus, and the competence of the host immune system. On soft tissues, cases of ulceration of the upper jaw by a rapid palatal expander and pyogenic granuloma due to quad helix appliance have been reported. The second one is mostly observed on vestibular gingiva. The first one was found, however, in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus type 1 because of the tissue modifications induced by this pathological condition. The more severe periodontic effects are those caused by incorrect use of orthodontic elastic separators. Finally, the White Spot Lesions are the direct consequences of a wrong conditioning of enamel when attaching the bracket. They represent a first stage of caries in the positioning area of the bracket. The orthodontist is required to intercept these issues not to affect the success of the treatment. PMID:24270203

Farronato, G; Giannini, L; Galbiati, G; Cannalire, P; Martinelli, G; Tubertini, I; Maspero, C

2013-01-01

264

Prevalence and type of pain during conventional and self-ligating orthodontic treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the prevalence and type of pain experienced during orthodontic treatment in 30 subjects (12 males, 18 females, aged 12-18 years) with crowding. Fifteen patients were treated with conventional brackets (Victory Series) and 15 with self-ligating brackets (Damon SL II). The first archwire for all patients was a 0.014 inch nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwire with a force of approximately 100 g. Conventional brackets were ligated with elastomeric modules. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used daily to assess the intensity of pain; the use of pain medication was also reported in a specially designed daybook for a total period of 3 months. Pearson's chi-square was used to investigate the difference between groups in the frequency of pain experience, its nature, and the use of analgesia. Non-parametric statistics (Mann-Whitney U-test) were computed to compare pain intensity between the groups. To investigate reported pain assessments, Friedman's two-way analysis of variance was used and the differences were estimated using Wilcoxon's signed-rank test. The results showed that pain was reported for a period of 9 days after archwire insertion. Patients treated with self-ligating brackets reported the highest pain intensity on the day following placement of the first archwire (VAS mean = 42.6), while those treated with conventional brackets experienced the greatest pain intensity at placement of the first archwire (VAS mean = 52) and after the second orthodontic appointment (VAS mean = 59.6). Analgesics were used by 16.5 per cent of patients treated with self-ligating brackets and by 10 per cent of those treated with conventional brackets, most often during the first 2 days after archwire placement. Patients treated with conventional brackets reported significantly more 'constant' pain than those treated with self-ligating brackets who complained of 'chewing/biting' pain. Pain appears to be common during orthodontic treatment but perhaps less intense when self-ligating brackets are used, although no difference was observed in the use of analgesics between those treated with self-ligating or conventional brackets. There were no reports of pain after 7-9 days in either group. PMID:19465738

Tecco, Simona; D'Attilio, Michele; Tetè, Stefano; Festa, Felice

2009-08-01

265

Quantum deformation of the Dirac bracket  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The quantum deformation of the Poisson bracket is the Moyal bracket. We construct quantum deformation of the Dirac bracket for systems which admit global symplectic basis for constraint functions. Equivalently, it can be considered as an extension of the Moyal bracket to second-class constraints systems and to gauge-invariant systems which become second class when gauge-fixing conditions are imposed

2006-01-15

266

[Evaluation of orthodontic friction using a tribometer with alternating movement].  

Science.gov (United States)

It is essential for orthodontists to control the complex phenomenon of friction. The in vitro techniques, usually dynamometers or tensile testing machines, used to measure the frictional resistance between arch wires and brackets are linear and unidirectional and can be criticised because tooth movements, such as tipping and uprighting, as well everyday oral activities, primarily chewing, are not uni-dimensional but more closely resemble the small amplitude oscillatory phenomena known as fretting. We therefore decided to develop a fretting machine not with linear but with alternating movements better suited to evaluate the frictional behaviour of orthodontic bracket-wire combinations. Once we had completed construction of this device, we proceeded to measure the frictional resistance between one stainless steel bracket (MicroArch GAC) and five wires currently used in orthodontics (Two nickel-titanium shape memory alloys: Neo Sentalloy and Neo Sentalloy with Ionguard GAC--Three titanium-molybdenum alloys: TMA and Low Friction TMA Ormco and Resolve GAC). We were able to set up a classification of the wires according to their coefficient of friction, demonstrating the inefficacy of ion implantation and quantifying the increase in the coefficient of friction which occurs when Resolve wires are placed in the oral environment for approximately one year. PMID:16471373

Pernier, C M; Jablonska-Mazanek, E D; Ponsonnet, L; Grosgogeat, B

2005-12-01

267

Avaliação da resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes da técnica lingual colados sobre superfície cerâmica / Evaluation of shear strength of lingual brackets bonded to ceramic surfaces  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos (American Orthodontics) utilizados na técnica lingual, colados em facetas de cerâmica. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 40 corpos de prova divididos em quatro grupos de 10, de acordo com o material de colagem e do preparo da porcelana: [...] Grupo I -resina Sondhi Rapid-Set e ácido fluorídrico; Grupo II -resina Sondhi Rapid-Set e óxido de alumínio; Grupo III -resina Transbond XT e ácido fluorídrico; e Grupo IV -resina Transbond XT e óxido de alumínio. Previamente à colagem, os braquetes foram preparados com base de resina de carga pesada (Z-250) e as facetas de cerâmica receberam aplicação de silano. O teste de cisalhamento foi realizado por uma máquina de ensaios Kratos à uma velocidade de 0,5mm/min. RESULTADOS: os resultados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente através do teste de Tukey (p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear strength of lingual metal brackets (American Orthodontics) bonded to ceramic veneers. METHODS: A total of 40 specimens were divided into four groups of 10, according to bonding material and ceramics preparation: Group I -Sondhi Rapid-Set res [...] in and Hydrofluoric acid, Group II -Sondhi Rapid-Set resin and aluminum oxide, Group III -Transbond XT resin and Hydrofluoric acid, and Group IV -Transbond XT resin and aluminum oxide. Prior to bonding, the brackets were prepared with heavy-duty resin base (Z-250) and the ceramic veneers were treated with silane. The shear test was conducted with a Kratos testing machine at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: The results were statistically analyzed by the Tukey test (p

Michele Balestrin, Imakami; Karyna Martins, Valle-Corotti; Paulo Eduardo Guedes, Carvalho; Ana Carla Raphaelli Nahás, Scocate.

268

Orthodontics and Oral Surgery  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... It is meant to help you better understand dental health conditions and procedures. For specific orthodontic or ... Maxillofacial Surgeons. The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon Wisdom Teeth Dental Implants Corrective Jaw Surgery The Temporomandibular Joint ( ...

269

Involvement of TSP1 and MMP9/NGAL in Angiogenesis during Orthodontic Periodontal Remodeling  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study the aim was to measure the levels of Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) and Lipocalin-2/matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9/NGAL) complex in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) at different time points of orthodontic treatment, to determine the relationship between these values and those of total-matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and theirs implication in angiogenesis balance, in the situation of a good control of the bacterial plaque, emphasizing the role of TSP1 and MMP9/NGAL complex. GCF samples were collected from 16 young orthodontic patients requiring upper canine distalization (test tooth) with first premolar extraction. The contralateral canine (control tooth) was free from orthodontic force. For the orthodontic appliance, brackets Roth 0.018?inch with 0.012?inch NiTi archwire and a laceback were used. TSP1, MMP9/NGAL, and MMP9 increased from 1 hour before activation of orthodontic appliance to a maximum at 8 hours for MMP9 and 72 hours for MMP9/NGAL and TSP1. The results show a change in time of TSP1, MMP9/NGAL, and MMP9 levels in GCF of patients with this method of orthodontic treatment. The powerful correlation of MMP9/NGAL with TSP1 suggests their stronger involvement in angiogenesis processes in PDL during orthodontic periodontal remodeling, in the situation of a healthy periodontium and a good control of the bacterial plaque.

Surlin, Petra; Silosi, Isabela; Rauten, Anne Marie; Cojocaru, Manole; Foia, Lili

2014-01-01

270

Involvement of TSP1 and MMP9/NGAL in Angiogenesis during Orthodontic Periodontal Remodeling.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study the aim was to measure the levels of Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) and Lipocalin-2/matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9/NGAL) complex in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) at different time points of orthodontic treatment, to determine the relationship between these values and those of total-matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and theirs implication in angiogenesis balance, in the situation of a good control of the bacterial plaque, emphasizing the role of TSP1 and MMP9/NGAL complex. GCF samples were collected from 16 young orthodontic patients requiring upper canine distalization (test tooth) with first premolar extraction. The contralateral canine (control tooth) was free from orthodontic force. For the orthodontic appliance, brackets Roth 0.018?inch with 0.012?inch NiTi archwire and a laceback were used. TSP1, MMP9/NGAL, and MMP9 increased from 1 hour before activation of orthodontic appliance to a maximum at 8 hours for MMP9 and 72 hours for MMP9/NGAL and TSP1. The results show a change in time of TSP1, MMP9/NGAL, and MMP9 levels in GCF of patients with this method of orthodontic treatment. The powerful correlation of MMP9/NGAL with TSP1 suggests their stronger involvement in angiogenesis processes in PDL during orthodontic periodontal remodeling, in the situation of a healthy periodontium and a good control of the bacterial plaque. PMID:24967433

Surlin, Petra; Silosi, Isabela; Rauten, Anne Marie; Cojocaru, Manole; Foia, Lili

2014-01-01

271

Beta titanium: a new orthodontic alloy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Historically, few alloys have been used in the fabrication of orthodontic appliances. This article reviews the gold-based, stainless steel, chrome-cobalt-nickel, and nitinol alloys, as well as beta titanium, a new material for orthodontics. Mechanical properties and manipulative characteristics are summarized to develop a basis for the selection of the proper alloy for a given clinical situation. The beta titanium wire has a unique balance of low stiffness, high springback, formability, and weldability which indicates its use in a wide range of clinical applications. A number of such applications are described. PMID:6928342

Burstone, C J; Goldberg, A J

1980-02-01

272

Design Modification for Failed Grill Bracket using Finite Element Analysis  

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Full Text Available Grill is a part placed on vehicle located in front of the Engine cooling module by means of bracket. The purpose of the Grill is to protect the cooling module from front impact and at the same time provide appropriate aesthetic value to the vehicle. This report presents the failure analysis of grill bracket of Engine cooling module of a Truck using Finite Element Analysis. The Grill bracket has failed in the field before warranty period so it has to be replaced with new one. Replacing old bracket means economic loss to the company. The Failure of this Grill bracket is analysed using Finite Element Analysis. 3 D models were created using Pro –E CAD softwares and Finite element analysis was done using Medina and Permas softwares. After doing Finite Element Analysis it was observed that high stresses were coming at failure location on the Grill bracket. The high stresses were mainly observed due to accelerations loads. Several proposals for alternate designs were created considering the packaging data, availability of the standard materials and manufacturing feasibility. These alternate designs were again checked by finite element analysis. The most optimized design was finalized through this process. The finalized design showed 60% lower stress values at failure location compared to current design. New proposed design was found to pass the given warranty period (100000 miles. Thus Finite element analysis proved to be very suitable tool for the situation where quick solution is expected.

K. S. Kulkarni

2013-03-01

273

Halogen light versus LED for bracket bonding: shear bond strength  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: os aparelhos de fotopolimerização por LED buscam proporcionar uma luz ativadora fria, que possibilite protocolos de polimerização do material com menor tempo de duração. OBJETIVO: avaliar a resistência à tração da colagem de braquetes, utilizando três tipos de aparelhos fotoativadores: u [...] m de luz halógena (Optilight Plus - Gnatus) e outros dois de LED (Optilight CL - Gnatus; e Elipar Freelight - 3M/Espe). RESULTADOS: comparando os resultados por meio da análise de variância, o aparelho de LED Gnatus apresentou comportamento estatístico inferior em relação às outras fontes de luz, quando ativado por tempo reduzido. Já quando foi utilizado o tempo de 40 segundos, os resultados de polimerização foram compatíveis com as demais fontes avaliadas. O aparelho que apresentou melhor desempenho médio foi o de luz halógena, seguido pelo LED 3M/Espe. CONCLUSÃO: concluiu-se que os LEDs podem ser indicados na prática ortodôntica, uma vez que seja utilizado um protocolo de aplicação da luz com tempo de ativação de 40 segundos. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: LED light-curing devices seek to provide a cold light activator which allows protocols of material polymerization with shorter duration. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the shear bond strength of bracket bonding using three types of light-curing devices: One with halogen [...] light (Optilight Plus - Gnatus) and two with LEDs (Optilight CL - Gnatus and Elipar Freelight - 3M/ESPE). RESULTS: Comparing the results by analysis of variance, the Gnatus LED device showed an inferior statistical behavior in relation to other light sources, when activated by a short time. But, when it was used for 40 seconds, the polymerization results were consistent with the other evaluated sources. The device with the best average performance was the halogen light, followed by the 3M/ESPE LED. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that the LEDs may be indicated in orthodontic practice, as long as a protocol is used for the application of light with the activation time of 40 seconds.

Paulo Eduardo Guedes, Carvalho; Valdemir Muzulon dos, Santos; Hassan, Isber; Flávio Augusto, Cotrim-Ferreira.

274

Aspects of orthodontic-prosthetic rehabilitation of dentofacial anomalies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Skeletal class III malocclusion is one of the most difficult dentofacial anomalies, characterized by deviation in the development of the mandible and maxilla in the sagittal plane, where the mandible is dominant in relation to the maxilla. In patients with class III malocclusion, anomalies in the dentoalveolar level and esthetic discrepancies are also frequent. The etiology of class III malocclusion is multifactorial due to the interaction of hereditary and environmental factors. Rehabilitation and treatment of malocclusion is one of the major goals of modern dentistry. This article presents the orthodontic-prosthetic therapy and rehabilitation of a 45-year-old patient with an abnormal occlusal vertical dimension and a skeletal class III malocclusion. The patient came to the clinic complaining about degraded esthetics and disordered functions of the orofacial region (functions of eating, swallowing, speech) and also pain in the temporomandibular joint. After the diagnosis was made, the patient was first referred to orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances (self-ligating brackets system Rot 0.22). Upon completion of the orthodontic treatment, the patient was sent for further prosthetic treatment. Fixed prosthetic restorations were made in the upper and lower jaw, thus achieving a satisfactory result in terms of esthetics and function of the stomatognathic system. PMID:23890094

Ajdukovi?, Zorica; Janoševi?, Mirjana; Filipovi?, Gordana; Arsi?, Stojanka; Janoševi?, Predrag; Petrovi?, Nenad

2014-04-01

275

Long-term fluoride release from resin-reinforced orthodontic cements following recharge with fluoride solution  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi testar a hipótese que não há diferença no desempenho dos cimentos de ionômero de vidro reforçados com resina entre si quanto à liberação de flúor antes e após recarga com flúor. Os materiais foram divididos em 5 grupos: 2 cimentos de ionômero de vidro reforçados com resin [...] a utilizados para cimentação de bandas ortodônticas: Grupo FOB (Fuji Ortho Band) e Grupo MCB (Multi-Cure Glass Ionomer Orthodontic Band Cement); 2 cimentos de ionômero de vidro reforçados com resina e 1 compósito utilizados para colagem de bráquetes ortodônticos: Grupo OGLC (Ortho Glass LC), Grupo FOLC (Fuji Ortho LC); e Grupo TXT (Transbond XT), respectivamente. A liberação de flúor foi medida durante 60 dias, através de eletrodo íon seletivo conectado a um analisador de íons. Após 4 semanas, os corpos de prova foram expostos a solução de fluoreto de sódio à 0,221%. Os resultados evidenciaram que os cimentos atingiram o pico máximo de liberação de flúor com 24 h após presa inicial. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre a quantidade de flúor liberado após as recargas de fluoreto de sódio entre os grupos FOB e OGLC do 31° ao 36° dia (p>0.05). Concluindo os cimentos FOB e OGLC apresentaram maior capacidade de captação e liberação de flúor comparada aos outros CIVRRs. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the fluoride release behavior of resin-reinforced glass ionomer cements before or after fluoride recharge. The materials were divided into 5 groups: 2 resin-reinforced glass ionomer cements used for attaching orthodontic [...] bands, that is, group FOB (Fuji Ortho Band) and group MCB (Multi-Cure Glass Ionomer Orthodontic Band Cement); 2 resin-reinforced glass ionomer cements and a composite used for bonding orthodontic brackets, that is, group OGLC (Ortho Glass LC), group FOLC (Fuji Ortho LC), and group TXT (Transbond XT), respectively. Fluoride release was measured during a 60-day period by using selective ion electrodes connected to an ionic analyser. After 4 weeks, the samples were exposed to 0.221% sodium fluoride solution. The results showed that cements achieved a maximum fluoride release 24 h after initial setting. No statistically significant differences were observed between groups FOB and OGLC regarding the amount of released fluoride following fluoride recharge from day 31 to day 36 (p>0.05). In conclusion, FOB and OGLC cements showed a higher capacity of capturing and releasing fluoride compared to the other cements studied.

Rogério Lacerda dos, Santos; Matheus Melo, Pithon; Delmo Santiago, Vaitsman; Mônica Tirre de Souza, Araújo; Margareth Maria Gomes de, Souza; Matilde Gonçalves da Cunha, Nojima.

276

A Comparison of Apical Root Resorption in Incisors after Fixed Orthodontic Treatment with Standard Edgewise and Straight Wire (MBT Method  

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Full Text Available Statement of Problem: One of the major outcomes of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption of teeth moved during the treatment. Identifying the possible risk factors, are necessary for every orthodontist. Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of apical root resorption after fixed orthodontic treatment with standard edgewise and straight wire (MBT method, and also to evaluate other factors effecting the rate of root resorption in orthodontic treatments.Materials and Method: In this study, parallel periapical radiographs of 127 patients imaging a total of 737 individual teeth, were collected. A total of 76 patients were treated by standard edgewise and 51 patients by straight wire method. The periapical radiographs were scanned and then the percentage of root resorption was calculated by Photoshop software. The data were analyzed by Paired-Samples t-test and the Generalized Linear Model adopting the SPSS 15.0.Results: In patients treated with straight wire method (MBT, mean root resorption was 18.26% compared to 14.82% in patients treated with standard edgewise tech-nique (p< .05. Male patients had higher rate of root resorption,statistically significant (p< .05. Age at onset of treatment, duration of treatment, type of dental occlusion, premolar extractions and the use of intermaxillary elastics had no significant effect on the root resorption in this study.Conclusion: Having more root resorption in the straight wire method and less in the standard edgewise technique can be attributed to more root movement in pre-adjusted MBT technique due to the brackets employed in this method.

Zahed Zahedani SM.

2013-09-01

277

Nambu brackets with constraint functionals  

CERN Document Server

If a Hamiltonian dynamical system with $n$ degrees of freedom admits $m$ constants of motion more than $2n-1$, then there exist some functional relations between the constants of motion. Among these relations the number of functionally independent ones are $s=m-(2n-1)$. It is shown that for such a system in which the constants of motion constitute a polynomial algebra closing in Poisson bracket, the Nambu brackets can be written in terms of these $s$ constraint functionals. The exemplification is very rich and several of them are analyzed in the text.

Tegmen, A

2006-01-01

278

The effect of pretreatment with fluoride on the tensile strength of orthodontic bonding  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

White spot decalcifications and caries occurring adjacent to bonded orthodontic brackets have long been a concern to orthodontists. One procedure suggested to overcome this problem is fluoride treatment prior to bonding. The purpose of this study was to compare the tensile bond strength of orthodontic self-cured resin from Concise on teeth rinsed 4 minutes in 1.23% APF with untreated controls. Measurements were made on an Instron machine. Debonding interfaces were observed with a scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. Distributions were calculated. The tensile bond strengths of the fluoride-treated teeth and the untreated teeth were not significantly different. The debonding interfaces between resin and bracket base, within the resin itself, and between enamel and resin were similar in the two experimental groups. However, greater enamel detachment was seen within the fluoride pretreatment group. So while fluoride pretreatment does not significantly affect tensile bond strength, it may cause enamel detachment after debonding

1991-01-01

279

Backscattering from dental restorations and splint materials during therapeutic radiation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Models were constructed to simulate as closely as possible the human oral cavity. Radiation absorbed doses were determined for controls and various test situations involving the presence of dental restorative and splint materials during cobalt-60 irradiation of the models. Adjacent gold full crowns and adjacent solid dental silver amalgam cores both increased the dose to the interproximal gingivae by 20%. Use of orthodontic full bands for splinting the jaws increased the dose to the buccal tissues by an average of 10%. Augmentation of dose through backscatter radiation was determined to be only slight for intracoronal amalgam fillings and stainless steel or plastic bracket splints

1985-08-01

280

Backscattering from dental restorations and splint materials during therapeutic radiation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Models were constructed to simulate as closely as possible the human oral cavity. Radiation absorbed doses were determined for controls and various test situations involving the presence of dental restorative and splint materials during cobalt-60 irradiation of the models. Adjacent gold full crowns and adjacent solid dental silver amalgam cores both increased the dose to the interproximal gingivae by 20%. Use of orthodontic full bands for splinting the jaws increased the dose to the buccal tissues by an average of 10%. Augmentation of dose through backscatter radiation was determined to be only slight for intracoronal amalgam fillings and stainless steel or plastic bracket splints.

Farman, A.G.; Sharma, S.; George, D.I.; Wilson, D.; Dodd, D.; Figa, R.; Haskell, B.

1985-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

Release of Metal Ions from Orthodontic Appliances: An In Vitro Study  

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In this paper, we report the results of an in vitro experiment on the release of metal ions from orthodontic appliances composed of alloys containing iron, chromium, nickel, silicon, and molybdenum into artificial saliva. The concentrations of magnesium, aluminum, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, calcium, titanium, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, copper, zinc, nickel, and chromium were significantly higher in artificial saliva in which metal brackets, bands, and wires used in orthod...

Mikulewicz, Marcin; Chojnacka, Katarzyna; Woz?niak, Barbara; Downarowicz, Patrycja

2012-01-01

282

Frictional resistance of orthodontic wires tied with 3 types of elastomeric ligatures  

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The aims of this study were to determine and compare frictional resistance obtained by low-friction and conventional elastomeric ligatures in the presence of artificial saliva, and observe whether this variable changed after 21 days. Super Slick® low-friction elastomeric ligatures and conventional ligatures of the brands TP conventional® and Unitek® were placed on standard edgewise maxillary central incisor metal brackets, slot .022" × .028" tying rectangular orthodontic wires .01...

2011-01-01

283

Kauffman state sums and bracket deformation  

CERN Document Server

We derive a formula expanding the bracket with respect to a natural deformation parameter. The expansion is in terms of a two-variable polynomial algebra of diagram resolutions generated by basic operations involving the Goldman bracket. A functorial characterization of this algebra is given. Differentiability properties of the star product underlying the Kauffman bracket are discussed.

Apostolakis, Nikos E; Apostolakis, Nikos; Kaiser, Uwe

2006-01-01

284

Branes, strings, and odd quantum Nambu brackets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The dynamics of topological open branes is controlled by Nambu Brackets. Thus, they might be quantized through the consistent quantization of the underlying Nambu brackets, including odd ones: these are reachable systematically from even brackets, whose more tractable properties have been detailed before

2003-09-10

285

Quadratic brackets from symplectic forms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We give a physicist oriented survey of Poisson-Lie symmetries of classical systems. We consider finite-dimensional geometric actions and the chiral WZNW model as examples for the general construction. An essential point is the appearance of quadratic Poisson brackets for group-like variables. It is believed that upon quantization they lead to quadratic exchange algebras. ((orig.))

1994-06-20

286

Lie brackets on affine bundles  

CERN Document Server

Natural analogs of Lie brackets on affine bundles are studied, based on natural examples from differential geometry and analytical mechanics. In particular, a close relation to Lie algebroids and, by a sort of duality, to affine analogs of Poisson structures is established as well as affine versions of the complete lift of a section and the Cartan exterior calculus.

Grabowski, J; Urbanski, P; Grabowski, Janusz; Grabowska, Katarzyna; Urbanski, Pawel

2002-01-01

287

Measurement and comparison of bracket transfer accuracy of five indirect bonding techniques.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT Objective: To measure and compare bracket transfer accuracy of five indirect bonding (IDB) techniques. Materials and Methods: Five IDB techniques were studied: double polyvinyl siloxane (double-PVS), double vacuum-form (double-VF), polyvinyl siloxane vacuum-form (PVS-VF), polyvinyl siloxane putty (PVS-putty), and single vacuum-form (single-VF). Brackets were bonded on 25 identical stone working models. IDB trays were fabricated over working models (n ?=? 5 per technique) to transfer brackets to another 25 identical stone patient models. The mesiodistal (M-D), occlusogingival (O-G), and faciolingual (F-L) positions of each bracket were measured on the working and patient models using digital photography (M-D, O-G) and calipers (F-L). Paired t-tests were used to compare bracket positions between working and patient models, and analysis of variance was used to compare bracket transfer accuracy among the five techniques. Results: Between the working and patient models, double-VF had the most teeth with significant differences (n ?=? 6) and PVS-VF the fewest (n ?=? 1; P bracket transfer accuracy was similar for double-PVS, PVS-putty, and PVS-VF, whereas double-VF and single-VF showed significantly less accuracy in the O-G direction. Conclusions: Although overall differences in bracket position were relatively small, silicone-based trays had consistently high accuracy in transferring brackets, whereas methods that exclusively used vacuum-formed trays were less consistent. PMID:24555689

Castilla, Ana E; Crowe, Jennifer J; Moses, J Ryan; Wang, Mansen; Ferracane, Jack L; Covell, David A

2014-07-01

288

Effect of moisture, saliva, and blood contamination on the shear bond strength of brackets bonded with a conventional bonding system and self-etched bonding system  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The success of bonding brackets to enamel with resin bonding systems is negatively affected by contamination with oral fluids such as blood and saliva. The new self-etch primer systems combine conditioning and priming agents into a single application, making the procedure more cost effective. Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of moisture, saliva and blood contamination on shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded with conventional bonding system and self-etch bonding system. Materials and Methods: Each system was examined under four enamel surface conditions (dry, water, saliva, and blood), and 80 human teeth were divided into two groups with four subgroups each of 10 according to enamel surface condition. Group 1 used conventional bonding system and Group 2 used self-etched bonding system. Subgroups 1a and 2a under dry enamel surface conditions; Subgroups 1b and 2b under moist enamel surface condition; Subgroups 3a and 3b under saliva enamel surface condition and Subgroup 4a and 4b under blood enamel surface condition. Brackets were bonded, and all the samples were then submitted to a shear bond test with a universal testing machine with a cross head speed of 1mm/sec. Results: The results showed that the contamination reduced the shear bond strength of all groups. In self-etch bonding system water and saliva had significantly higher bond strength when compared to other groups. Conclusion: It was concluded that the blood contamination showed lowest bond strength from both bonding systems. Self-etch bonding system resulted in higher bond strength than conventional bonding system under all conditions except the dry enamel surface.

Prasad, Mandava; Mohamed, Shamil; Nayak, Krishna; Shetty, Sharath Kumar; Talapaneni, Ashok Kumar

2014-01-01

289

Application of occlusal indices in orthodontic practice  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Occlusal indices were designed to improve diagnostic criteria and to enable an objective assessment of malocclusion severity. The aim of this study was to present the most frequently used occlusal indices in orthodontic practice and to determine their reliability when applied to dental models. Material and Methods. Three occlusal indices were selected for analysis: the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN, the Peer Assessment Rating Index (PAR and the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON. Twenty dental models of patients referred to Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Belgrade, with malocclusions of different type and severity were used in this study. All dental models were measured by three afore mentioned indices twice, two months apart, in order to determine intraexaminer reliability. Results. The results showed that three indices had good reliability. Weighted Kappa was calculated for IOTN (0.72 and 0.79 for the aesthetic and the dental health component, respectively and root mean square error was calculated for PAR and ICON (2.1 and 4.5, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in scores between two measurements of these two indices (p<0.01. Conclusion. Application of occlusal indices enables orthodontists to determine priorities in patient care, planning of orthodontic service, monitoring and promotion of standards. Occlusal indices are reliable diagnostic criteria.

?or?evi? Jelena

2009-01-01

290

A força de atrito em braquetes plásticos e de aço inoxidável com a utilização de quatro diferentes tipos de amarração Frictional forces in stainless steel and plastic brackets using four types of wire ligation  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: a finalidade deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar e comparar a resistência friccional em braquetes de aço inoxidável e de policarbonato compósito amarrados com fio metálico e elastômeros. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados quatro braquetes de aço inoxidável e quatro de policarbonato compósito (PC para pré-molares levados à máquina universal de ensaio mecânico para a tração de um segmento de fio de aço inoxidável 0,019" x 0,025" na velocidade de 0,5mm/min, com 8mm de deslocamento total. A forma de amarração variou entre as seguintes possibilidades: amarração metálica com pinça de Steiner, metálica com pinça Mathieu, elastômero da marca Morelli e elastômero da marca TP Orthodontics. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: os módulos elastoméricos geraram mais atrito do que os metálicos e a amarração com pinça Mathieu provocou menor atrito quando comparada a todas as situações avaliadas. Os braquetes de PC geraram menor atrito do que os metálicos, porém, na escolha do material a ser utilizado na clínica, outras variáveis - tais como a resistência ao cisalhamento e à fratura, a estabilidade de cor e a aderência por microrganismos - devem ser consideradas.OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study evaluated and compared the frictional resistance of stainless steel and polycarbonate (PC composite brackets tied with metal wire and elastomeric ligation. METHODS: Four stainless steel and four polycarbonate composite brackets for premolars were placed in a universal testing machine for the traction of a piece of 0.019 x 0.025-in wire at 0.5 mm/min and total displacement of 8 mm. Ligations were performed according to the following alternatives: metal ligation with Steiner tying pliers; metal ligation using Mathieu tying pliers; Morelli™ elastomeric ligation; and TP Orthodontics™ elastomeric ligation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Elastomeric modules generated more friction than the metal ligations, and the ligation with the Mathieu tying pliers caused less friction than all the other conditions under study. PC brackets generated less friction than metal brackets, but the choice of material to be used in clinical conditions should take into consideration other variables, such as resistance to shearing and to fractures, as well as color stability and microorganism adherence.

Vanessa Nínia Correia Lima

2010-04-01

291

A força de atrito em braquetes plásticos e de aço inoxidável com a utilização de quatro diferentes tipos de amarração / Frictional forces in stainless steel and plastic brackets using four types of wire ligation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: a finalidade deste estudo in vitro foi avaliar e comparar a resistência friccional em braquetes de aço inoxidável e de policarbonato compósito amarrados com fio metálico e elastômeros. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados quatro braquetes de aço inoxidável e quatro de policarbonato compósito (PC) par [...] a pré-molares levados à máquina universal de ensaio mecânico para a tração de um segmento de fio de aço inoxidável 0,019" x 0,025" na velocidade de 0,5mm/min, com 8mm de deslocamento total. A forma de amarração variou entre as seguintes possibilidades: amarração metálica com pinça de Steiner, metálica com pinça Mathieu, elastômero da marca Morelli e elastômero da marca TP Orthodontics. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: os módulos elastoméricos geraram mais atrito do que os metálicos e a amarração com pinça Mathieu provocou menor atrito quando comparada a todas as situações avaliadas. Os braquetes de PC geraram menor atrito do que os metálicos, porém, na escolha do material a ser utilizado na clínica, outras variáveis - tais como a resistência ao cisalhamento e à fratura, a estabilidade de cor e a aderência por microrganismos - devem ser consideradas. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study evaluated and compared the frictional resistance of stainless steel and polycarbonate (PC) composite brackets tied with metal wire and elastomeric ligation. METHODS: Four stainless steel and four polycarbonate composite brackets for premolars were placed in a universal [...] testing machine for the traction of a piece of 0.019 x 0.025-in wire at 0.5 mm/min and total displacement of 8 mm. Ligations were performed according to the following alternatives: metal ligation with Steiner tying pliers; metal ligation using Mathieu tying pliers; Morelli™ elastomeric ligation; and TP Orthodontics™ elastomeric ligation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Elastomeric modules generated more friction than the metal ligations, and the ligation with the Mathieu tying pliers caused less friction than all the other conditions under study. PC brackets generated less friction than metal brackets, but the choice of material to be used in clinical conditions should take into consideration other variables, such as resistance to shearing and to fractures, as well as color stability and microorganism adherence.

Vanessa Nínia Correia, Lima; Maria Elisa Rodrigues, Coimbra; Carla D' Agostini, Derech; Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Ruellas.

292

Effect of steam versus dry heat sterilization on the wear of orthodontic ligature cutting pliers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Aim: Orthodontic ligature cutting pliers are expensive. Methods of sterilization should be safe considering patients' health as well as lifetime of orthodontic pliers. The purpose of this study was to compare the wear of orthodontic ligature cutting pliers after sterilizing with dry heat or steam autoclave. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, thirty ligature cutting pliers from 3 different factories (Dentarum-Germany, RMO and ETM-USA) were sterilized in eith...

Eslamian L; Eslami B; Lotfalian M

2006-01-01

293

The effect of constant height bracket placement on marginal ridge levelling using digitized models.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bracket placement is an important phase of orthodontic treatment. Final compensatory archwire bends or bracket repositioning may be avoided if brackets are accurately positioned at the outset, so as to correctly express their built-in prescription. The purpose of this study was to investigate the levelling of marginal ridges when a bracket placement protocol, with fixed values from the incisal edges and occlusal surfaces, was used on digitized models. A computerized tool, OrthoCAD, was used to predict the end result using virtual set-up software. The appliances used for digital simulation were 3M MBT Victory Series 0.022 inch with a 0.019 x 0.025 inch stainless steel final archwire on 42 digitized models. A paired t-test was used to investigate differences between the means of the pre- (T1) and post- (T2) treatment marginal ridge heights. The results showed that most of the marginal ridge points studied deteriorated during digitized treatment prediction compared with T1. Statistical and clinically significant changes (P < 0.05) were found for upper premolar and lower molar marginal ridge points. Variability in the facial contour of the teeth seemed to play an important role. PMID:19487435

Suárez, Carlos; Vilar, Teresa

2010-02-01

294

Long-term sterility of orthodontic-surgical appliances.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term sterility of new dental appliances according to the non rigid wrapping employed and assess the effectiveness of sterilization in a steam autoclave at 134 degrees for 20 minutes using physical, chemical, and biological indicators. All the experimental (E) samples and the control samples (C) were assigned to one of three groups according to the type of packaging: paper bag (E1), paper/plastic pouch (E2), nylon tubing bag (E3). Each bag contained standardized orthodontic wires and brackets and sterility indicators. The samples were evaluated at the following experimental times: immediately, and 6, 12, 24 and 30 months post-sterilization. The samples were analyzed under aerobic and anaerobic conditions in keeping with the protocol currently in use at the Department of Microbiology, School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires. The group of control, non-sterilized samples (C1, C2, C3) were analyzed prior to the onset of the study, and were found to be contaminated. None of the sterilized samples in any of the three experimental groups evidenced contamination at any of the experimental times. The results showed that, under the present conditions, the packages and orthodontic appliances remained sterile for 30 months. These results show the importance of controlling sterility and the storage conditions over time for all the orthodontic/surgical appliances used in invasive treatments. PMID:15584258

Brusca, María I; Nastri, Natalia; Mosca, Christian O; Nastri, María L; Rosa, Alcira C

2004-01-01

295

Evaluation of shear bond strength of metal bracket to enamel after application of primers over bracket base-an in vitro study  

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"nBackground and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of application of two types of primers over bracket bases on the shear bond strength (SBS) and mode of bond failure."nMaterials and Methods: In this study, 75 human premolar teeth were divided into three equal groups. In group 1 (control), after surface preparation of enamel by conventional method (acid etching+primer) brackets were bonded with Transbond XT composite. In group 2 (TX), brackets were bonded t...

Hedayati Z; Mm, Firuzbakht

2011-01-01

296

Interactive edgewise mechanisms: form and function comparison with conventional edgewise brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the frequency of use of the interactive twin (I-twin) edgewise mechanisms and techniques become increasingly prevalent, it is important to consider how they compare with conventional twin (c-twin) edgewise bracket systems. Optimum intrabracket and interbracket forces in I-twins balance with capillary blood pressures. An unbiased, experimental in vitro, scanning electromicroscopy and in vivo clinical investigation of 83 patients was conducted to compare the frictional resistance of three different I-twin bracket systems, type A (Sigma, American Orthodontics), type B (Interactwin, Ormco Corp.), and type C (Damon, A-company) with three c-twins counterparts respectively types D, E, and F. The three interactive twin brackets were each self-seating by an integrated arm component and made significant incremental improvements to the conventional twins in three different ways. First, the I-twin types reduced frictional resistance by using arm engagement with a lower coefficient of friction and a reduced seating force against the arch wire. The reduced seating force friction produced initially small interbracket arch wire deflections for biocompatible tooth movement and, combined with a wide twin bracket, produced accurate rotation corrections. Reduced friction within the I-twin bracket consequently permitted the effective use of light forces for flowing biomechanics that maximized anchorage. In evaluating friction, two distinctly different interaction forces acting to seat the arch wire were also identified. Type A demonstrated active interaction with round arch wires that resulted in a low functional seating force responsible for early and complete tooth control in comparison to the high seating force of c-twins. Types B and C both showed passive interaction with seating force friction approximately equal to zero that required large rectangular dimension arch wires for full bracket expression. Second, a significant reduction in the time taken to change arch wires was found, improving clinical time management. Third, I-twins assisted bracket placement with both center-slot identification markers and coordinated bracket and bonding pad reference planes in three dimensions. In addition, they improved bracket hygiene compared with c-twins by minimizing the use of plaque-retentive conventional ligatures. Despite the reduced elastomer use, experimental and clinical results showed I-twins effectively conserved the traditional four tie-wing design for ease of colored elastomer placement where an increase in friction for anchorage was selectively required and to enhance patient acceptance and motivation. Finally, interactive twins could be used by the practitioner as conventional twins without the interactive arms making them fail-safe. PMID:9057612

Voudouris, J C

1997-02-01

297

Laser Applications in Orthodontics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A laser is a collimated single wavelength of light which delivers a concentrated source of energy. Soon after different types of lasers were invented, investigators began to examine the effects of different wavelengths of laser energy on oral tissues, routine dental procedures and experimental applications. Orthodontists, along with other specialist in different fields of dentistry, can now benefit from several different advantages that lasers provide during the treatment process, from the beginning of the treatment, when separators are placed, to the time of resin residues removal from the tooth surface at the end of orthodontic treatment. This article outlines some of the most common usages of laser beam in orthodontics and also provides a comparison between laser and other conventional method that were the standard of care prior to the advent of laser in this field.

Somayeh Heidari

2013-09-01

298

Cytotoxicity of alginate for orthodontic use  

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cytotoxicity of three different alginate impression materials for orthodontic use. METHODS: Three different brands of alginate were divided into three groups, namely, Group JCO (Jeltrate Chromatic Ortho), OP (Orthoprint) and CO (Cavex Orthotrace). Three control groups were also included: Group C+ (positive control), consisting of detergent Tween 80; Group C- (negative control), consisting of PBS, and Group CC (cell control), consisting of cells not exposed to any ma...

Matheus Melo Pithon; Rogério Lacerda dos Santos; Fernanda Otaviano Martins; Maria Teresa Villela Romanos

2012-01-01

299

Asymmetric extractions in orthodontics  

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INTRODUCTION: Extraction decisions are extremely important in during treatment planning. In addition to the extraction decision orthodontists have to choose what tooth should be extracted for the best solution of the problem and the esthetic/functional benefit of the patient. OBJECTIVE: This article aims at reviewing the literature relating the advantages, disadvantages and clinical implications of asymmetric extractions to orthodontics. METHODS: Keywords were selected in English and Portugue...

Camilo Aquino Melgaço; Mônica Tirre de Souza Araújo

2012-01-01

300

Orthodontic silver brazing alloys.  

Science.gov (United States)

Orthodontic silver brazing alloys suffer from the presence of cadmium, excessive flow temperatures, and crevice corrosion on stainless steel. Seven alloys were examined. Two alloys contained cadmium. The lowest flow temperature observed was 629 degrees C for a cadmium alloy and 651 degrees C for two cadmium free alloys. Three alloys had corrosion resistance superior to the other solders. Addition of low melting temperature elements gallium and indium reduced flow temperature in some cases but produced brittleness in the brazing alloy. PMID:2576971

Brockhurst, P J; Pham, H L

1989-10-01

 
 
 
 
301

Orthodontic movement of endodontically treated teeth: Contemporary views.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To collect and assess the contemporary data referring to orthodontic movement of endodontically treated teeth.METHOD: Relevant original and review articles were retrieved from PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, Embase, and Scopus databases, until February 2010. RESULTS: Endodontically treated teeth can be moved equally well to vital teeth and for the same distances, without more frequent adverse consequences. They present a smaller degree of apical resorption in mean values compared to vital teeth, however this difference is not regarded to be statistically or clinically significant. Root resorption seems to be related more to the severity of trauma and the stage of root development rather than orthodontic or surgical manipulations. The obturating material of choice in the event of endodontic treatment of teeth with incomplete apex as well as in cases of teeth with complete apex under orthodontic movement, seems to be Ca(OH2, because of the evidence based action of Ca(OH2 against the frequently observed root resorption. In cases of fractures, a 12 month waiting period is suggested before the start of orthodontic treatment, while in cases with no radiographic findings treatment can begin relatively immediately. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic movement of endodontically treated teeth is feasible without negative consequences to the apex. Orthodontic treatment prognosis of endodontically treated teeth depends on the type, the severity and the timing of trauma, as well as the management of the case by the team of therapists.

Ioulia Ioannidou-Marathiotou

2010-01-01

302

Effects of silica coating and silane surface conditioning on the bond strength of rebonded metal and ceramic brackets  

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of tribochemical silica coating and silane surface conditioning on the bond strength of rebonded metal and ceramic brackets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty debonded metal and 20 debonded ceramic brackets were randomly assigned to receive one of the following surface treatments (n=10 for each group): (1) sandblasting (control); (2) tribochemical silica coating combined with silane. Brackets were rebonded to the enamel surface on the la...

2011-01-01

303

Relationship between self-concept and satisfaction with tooth alignment and demand for orthodontic treatment and professionally determined orthodontic needs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Recognition of psychological factors plays an important role in determination of orthodontic treatment needs as well as achieving a successful treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-concept, dentofacial body image, subjective orthodontic treatment needs and professionally determined needs for orthodontic treatment among a group of university students.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 164 students of Isfahan Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery were studied based on a simple sampling procedure. Data were collected using a standardized questionnaire consisting of 40 questions, including 3 parts for measurement of self-concept, dentofacial body image and self-perceived treatment need. Professionally determined orthodontic need was assessed using IOTN by two orthodontists. Data was analyzed using SPSS 11. Statistical methods for standardization of questionnaire, Cronbach's alpha, Student’s t-test and Spearman’s correlation were used at a significance level of 0.05.Results: Statistically significant correlations were seen between participants' self-concept, dentofacial body image, subjective orthodontic need and the professionally determined orthodontic need, with Spearman’s correlation coefficients of -0.16, 0.19 and -0.036, respectively (p value < 0.05.Conclusion: The majority of the students were satisfied with their teeth alignment and the more satisfied they were, the higher self-concept they had, with lower demand for orthodontic treatment. Moreover, the orthodontic needs determined by orthodontists were less among students with high self-concept. Key words: Health services needs and demand, Malocclusion, Self-assessment, Self-concept.

Amirreza Amnaie

2012-01-01

304

Degenerate odd Poisson bracket on Grassmann variables  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A linear degenerate odd Poisson bracket (antibracket) realized solely on Grassmann variables is proposed. It is revealed that this bracket has at once three Grassmann-odd nilpotent ?-like differential operators of the first, second and third orders with respect to the Grassmann derivatives. It is shown that these ?-like operators, together with the Grassmann-odd nilpotent Casimir function of this bracket, form a finite-dimensional Lie superalgebra

2000-05-01

305

[Self-ligating edgewise brackets. An overview].  

Science.gov (United States)

During the last years both the manufactures and the orthodontists seem to show an increased interest in self-ligating brackets. This paper aims to present the history of self-ligating systems, to describe the three mostly used bracketsystems and to review the relevant literature. It seems from the existing data that self-ligating brackets have certain advantages over conventionally ligated brackets. However, the data are still thin and a high need for well designed clinical trials exist. PMID:15004987

Katsaros, C; Dijkman, J F

2003-01-01

306

Hausdorff Distance evaluation of orthodontic accessories' streaking artifacts in 3D model superimposition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine whether image artifacts caused by orthodontic metal accessories interfere with the accuracy of 3D CBCT model superimposition. A human dry skull was subjected three times to a CBCT scan: at first without orthodontic brackets (T1, then with stainless steel brackets bonded without (T2 and with orthodontic arch wires (T3 inserted into the brackets' slots. The registration of image surfaces and the superimposition of 3D models were performed. Within-subject surface distances between T1-T2, T1-T3 and T2-T3 were computed and calculated for comparison among the three data sets. The minimum and maximum Hausdorff Distance units (HDu computed between the corresponding data points of the T1 and T2 CBCT 3D surface images were 0.000000 and 0.049280 HDu, respectively, and the mean distance was 0.002497 HDu. The minimum and maximum Hausdorff Distances between T1 and T3 were 0.000000 and 0.047440 HDu, respectively, with a mean distance of 0.002585 HDu. In the comparison between T2 and T3, the minimum, maximum and mean Hausdorff Distances were 0.000000, 0.025616 and 0.000347 HDu, respectively. In the current study, the image artifacts caused by metal orthodontic accessories did not compromise the accuracy of the 3D model superimposition. Color-coded maps of overlaid structures complemented the computed Hausdorff Distances and demonstrated a precise fusion between the data sets.

José Rino Neto

2012-10-01

307

Interrelationships of endodontic- orthodontic treatments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article was reviewing the literature related to the mutual effects of endodontics and orthodontics on each other providing documented information that can be used by dentists in clinical practice. The effect of orthodontic treatment on the dental pulp and its role in root resorption, the influence of previous trauma to the tooth and endodontic treatment in orthodontic tooth movements and root resorption, recommendations regarding endodontic treatment during orthodontic tooth movement and the role of the orthodontic forces in provision and outcome of endodontic treatment are being discussed. The effect of the orthodontic tooth movement on the pulp is focused primarily on the neurovascular system which can cause degenerative and/or inflammatory responses in the dental pulp. Although, most of these changes are considered reversible, it seems that teeth with complete apical foramen and teeth subjected to previous insults, such as trauma, caries, restorations and periodontal diseases are more susceptible to pulpal irreversible changes. Teeth with root canal treatment that are well cleaned shaped, and three- dimensionally obturated, exhibit less propensity to apical root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. This outcome depends on the absence of microleakage for bacterial ingress. A traumatized tooth can be moved orthodontically with minimal risk of resorption, provided that the pulp has not been severely injured (infection or necrosis. If there is evidence of pulpal demise, appropriate endodontic treatment is necessary prior to orthodontic treatment .If a previously traumatized tooth exhibits resorption, there is a greater chance that orthodontic tooth movement will enhance the resorptive process. If a tooth has been severely traumatized (intrusion, avulsion there would be a greater incidence of resorption with tooth movement. It is recommended that teeth requiring root canal treatment during orthodontic movement be initially cleaned and shaped followed by the interim placement of calcium hydroxide. Final canal obturation with gutta-percha should be accomplished upon the completion of orthodontic treatment. Endodontically treated teeth can be moved orthodontically similar to teeth with vital pulps. In case of endodontic procedures like apexification, there may be no need to delay the orthodontic treatment.

Khedmat S

2005-05-01

308

Evaluation of frictional forces between ceramic brackets and archwires of different alloys compared with metal brackets  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, frictional forces produced by ceramic brackets and arch wires of different alloys. Frictional tests were performed on three ceramic brackets: monocrystalline (Inspire ICE), polycrystalline (InVu), polycrystalline with metal slot (Clarity), and one stainless steel bracket (Dyna-Lock). Thirty brackets of each were tested, all with .022" slots, in combination with stainless steel and nickel-titanium wires .019" × .025", at 0° and 10?...

2010-01-01

309

Histological evaluation after electrothermal debonding of ceramic brackets.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: To evaluate the histological changes following electrothermal debonding (ETD) of ceramic brackets. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 first premolar teeth from 14 patients were divided into two groups: Group I consisted of 20 teeth which served as control, and the brackets were debonded using conventional pliers. (7 teeth were extracted 24 hours after conventional debonding, 7 teeth were extracted 28 to 32 days after conventional debonding and 6 teeth were extracted 56-60 days after conventional debonding). Group II consisted of 30 teeth and the brackets were debonded using the ETD unit. (10 teeth were extracted 24 hours after ETD, 10 teeth were extracted 28 to 32 days after ETD and 10 teeth were extracted 56-60 days after ETD. Immediately after extraction, the teeth were sectioned and prepared for histological examination. Results: The pulp was normal in most samples of the control group. In group II, mild inflammation was observed in the 24 hour sample while the 28 to 32 day sample showed signs of healing. The 56-60 day sample showed that the pulp was similar to the control group in 6 out of the 10 samples. Conclusion: The ETD of ceramic brackets did not affect the pulp and the changes which were observed, were reversible in nature. PMID:24992840

Kailasam, Vignesh; Valiathan, Ashima; Rao, Nirmala

2014-01-01

310

Roth versus MBT: does bracket prescription have an effect on the subjective outcome of pre-adjusted edgewise treatment?  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim was to determine if bracket prescription has any effect on the subjective outcome of pre-adjusted edgewise treatment as judged by professionals. This retrospective observational assessment study was undertaken in the Orthodontic Department of the Charles Clifford Dental Hospital, Sheffield, UK. Forty sets of post-treatment study models from patients treated using a pre-adjusted edgewise appliance (20 Roth and 20 MBT) were selected. The models were masked and shown in a random order to nine experienced orthodontic clinicians, who were asked to assess the quality of the outcome, using a pre-piloted questionnaire. The principal outcome measure was the Incisor and Canine Aesthetic Torque and Tip (ICATT) score for each of the 40 post-treatment models carried out by the nine judges. A two-way analysis of variance was undertaken with the dependent variable, total ICATT score and independent variables, Bracket prescription (Roth or MBT) and Assessor. There were statistically significant differences between the subjective assessments of the nine judges (P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the two bracket prescriptions (P = 0.900). The best agreement between a clinician's judgment of prescription used and the actual prescription was fair (kappa statistic 0.25; CI -0.05 to 0.55). The ability to determine which bracket prescription was used was no better than chance for the majority of clinicians. Bracket prescription had no effect on the subjective aesthetic judgments of post-treatment study models made by nine experienced orthodontists. PMID:22051535

Moesi, Bopelo; Dyer, Fiona; Benson, Philip E

2013-04-01

311

Evaluation of enamel surface after bracket debonding and polishing Avaliação da superfície do esmalte dentário após a remoção do braquete e polimento  

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INTRODUCTION: Preserving the dental enamel structure during removal of orthodontic accessories is a clinician's obligation. Hence the search for an evidence based debonding protocol. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate and compare, by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the effects of four different protocols of bracket debonding and subsequent polishing on enamel surface, and to propose a protocol that minimizes damage to enamel surface. METHODS: Twelve bovine permanent incisors were divided int...

Lilian Maria Brisque Pignatta; Sillas Duarte Júnior; Eduardo César Almada Santos

2012-01-01

312

Mechanical properties of one and two-step fluoridated orthodontic resins submitted to different pH cycling regimes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to assess the in vitro shear bond strength and adhesive remnant index (ARI of one and two-step fluoridated orthodontic resins under conditions that simulate high cariogenic challenge. Edgewise brackets for maxillary central incisors were randomly bonded to 80 bovine incisors, using either TransbondTM Plus Color Change orthodontic resin and a self-etching primer adhesive (G1; n = 40 or Orthodontic Fill Magic with a conventional acid-etch technique (G2; n = 40. Each group of resin (n = 10 was divided into: immediate shear (A- pre-cycling control, immersion in artificial remineralizing saliva (neutral saliva for 14 days (B- post-cycling control and pH cycling with high cariogenic challenge (C- acid saliva with pH 5.5 and D- acid saliva with pH 4.5. After 14 days of pH cycling, the shear bond strength and ARI were evaluated. Considering the shear bond strength, TransbondTM Plus Color Change resin was stronger than Orthodontic Fill Magic when it was submitted to high cariogenic challenge (p < 0.05. Also TransbondTM Plus Color Change resin showed better adhesion to enamel than Orthodontic Fill Magic, in all situations evaluated (p < 0.05. It could be concluded that TransbondTM Plus Color Change resin presented better shear bond strength and adhesive remnant index when submitted to high cariogenic challenge, in comparison with Orthodontic Fill Magic.

Paula Passalini

2010-06-01

313

Comparing orthodontic treatment need indexes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: Orthodontic Treatment Need Indexes are investigated to evaluate their validity criteria and their formulation on a scientific basis.

Methods: A bibliographic research was performed on Medline Database to find articles about orthodontic treatment need indexes published from 1960 to 2007. English language papers about criteria to establish indexes, their validity and reproducibility, and comparing two or more indexes were chosen.

Results: The study shows that orthodontic treatment need indexes are not based on evidence but are all based on the opinion of experts, although widely shared by the orthodontic community since the use of these indexes in clinical practice. The validity is assessed in terms of objectivity of the measurements needed to evaluate the clinical severity of the case under consideration. In this case, the quantitative methods seem to be more reliable and objective than the qualitative.

Conclusions: Currently in the orthodontic field the theory that orthodontic therapy is useful to prevent any disease in the patients is not supported by evidence based medicine. The recommendations about orthodontic treatment need should come from scientific debates, in order to support consensus based decisions.

Cristina Grippaudo

2008-09-01

314

Tool Releases Optical Elements From Spring Brackets  

Science.gov (United States)

Threaded hooks retract bracket arms holding element. Tool uses three hooks with threaded shanks mounted in ring-shaped holder to pull on tabs to release optical element. One person can easily insert or remove optical element (such as prism or lens) from spring holder or bracket with minimal risk of damage.

Gum, J. S.

1984-01-01

315

Dimensional Reduction for Generalized Poisson Brackets  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We discuss dimensional reduction for Hamiltonian systems which possess nonconstant Poisson brackets between pairs of coordinates and between pairs of momenta. The associated Jacobi identities imply that the dimensionally reduced brackets are always constant. Some examples are given alongside the general theory.

Acatrinei, Ciprian Sorin

2007-01-01

316

Influence of in vitro pigmenting of esthetic orthodontic ligatures on smile attractiveness  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar, através de fotografias clínicas, entre estudantes de Odontologia e ortodontistas, o grau de influência que ligaduras elásticas estéticas pigmentadas exercem sobre a atratividade do sorriso. MÉTODOS: foram utilizadas 16 fotografias clínicas faciais do sorriso e 16 de sorriso aproxi [...] mado de um único paciente portando braquetes ortodônticos de porcelana monocristalina, fio de NiTi teflonado e ligaduras elásticas estéticas de cinco marcas comerciais diferentes, distribuídas em oito grupos, G1 a G8 (Morelli, Ortho Technology, TP Orthodontics, 3M/Unitek clear, 3M/Unitek obscure, American Orthodontics clear, American Orthodontics pearl e American Orthodontics metalic pearl). Foram utilizadas 20 ligaduras de cada grupo, totalizando 160 ligaduras. Metade delas foi utilizada em estado natural e a outra metade após pigmentação in vitro. Todas as fotografias foram julgadas por 40 avaliadores, sendo 20 ortodontistas e 20 estudantes de Odontologia. RESULTADOS: para ortodontistas, as ligaduras American Orthodontics pearl (G7) foram as que menos influenciaram o grau de atratividade do sorriso nos dois tipos de fotografias utilizadas. Para os estudantes de Odontologia, nas fotografias faciais do sorriso, as que obtiveram o melhor desempenho foram Morelli (G1), American Orthodontics clear (G6) e American Orthodontics pearl (G7) e, nas fotografias de sorriso aproximado, American Orthodontics pearl, metalic pearl e clear (G7, G8 e G6, respectivamente). CONCLUSÕES: tanto para ortodontistas quanto para estudantes de Odontologia, a pigmentação das ligaduras elásticas influenciou de forma negativa o grau de atratividade dos sorrisos nos dois tipos de fotografias clínicas avaliadas. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of dental students and orthodontists on the degree of influence that pigmented esthetic elastic ligatures have on smile attractiveness, by judging clinical photographs. METHODS: Sixteen clinical facial photographs of the smile and 16 close up images of the smile [...] of a single patient wearing monocrystalline porcelain orthodontic brackets, Teflon coated NiTi wire brackets and esthetic elastic ligatures of five different commercial brands were distributed into eight groups, G1 to G8 (Morelli®, Ortho Tecnology™, TP Orthodontics™, Unitek/3M™clear, Unitek/3M™ obscure, American Orthodontics™ clear, American Orthodontics™ pearl and American Orthodontics™ metallic pearl). Twenty ligatures were used in each group, totaling 160 ligatures. Half of them were used in their natural state, and the other half after in vitro pigmentation. All the photographs were judged by 40 evaluators, 20 orthodontists and 20 dental students. RESULTS: For orthodontists, American™ pearl (G7) ligatures were those that least influenced the degree of attractiveness of the smile in the two types of photographs used. For the dental students, in the facial photographs of the smile, ligatures with the best performance were Morelli® (G1), American™ clear (G6) and American™ pearl (G7) and in the close up photographs of the smile, American™ pearl, metallic pearl and clear (G7, G8 and G6). CONCLUSIONS: For both orthodontists and dental students, pigmentation of the elastic ligatures had a negative influence on the degree of attractiveness of smiles in the two types of clinical photographs evaluated.

Camila, Ferraz; Marcelo, Castellucci; Márcio, Sobral.

317

Influence of in vitro pigmenting of esthetic orthodontic ligatures on smile attractiveness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of dental students and orthodontists on the degree of influence that pigmented esthetic elastic ligatures have on smile attractiveness, by judging clinical photographs. METHODS: Sixteen clinical facial photographs of the smile and 16 close up images of the smile of a single patient wearing monocrystalline porcelain orthodontic brackets, Teflon coated NiTi wire brackets and esthetic elastic ligatures of five different commercial brands were distributed into eight groups, G1 to G8 (Morelli®, Ortho Tecnology™, TP Orthodontics™, Unitek/3M™clear, Unitek/3M™ obscure, American Orthodontics™ clear, American Orthodontics™ pearl and American Orthodontics™ metallic pearl. Twenty ligatures were used in each group, totaling 160 ligatures. Half of them were used in their natural state, and the other half after in vitro pigmentation. All the photographs were judged by 40 evaluators, 20 orthodontists and 20 dental students. RESULTS: For orthodontists, American™ pearl (G7 ligatures were those that least influenced the degree of attractiveness of the smile in the two types of photographs used. For the dental students, in the facial photographs of the smile, ligatures with the best performance were Morelli® (G1, American™ clear (G6 and American™ pearl (G7 and in the close up photographs of the smile, American™ pearl, metallic pearl and clear (G7, G8 and G6. CONCLUSIONS: For both orthodontists and dental students, pigmentation of the elastic ligatures had a negative influence on the degree of attractiveness of smiles in the two types of clinical photographs evaluated.OBJETIVO: avaliar, através de fotografias clínicas, entre estudantes de Odontologia e ortodontistas, o grau de influência que ligaduras elásticas estéticas pigmentadas exercem sobre a atratividade do sorriso. MÉTODOS: foram utilizadas 16 fotografias clínicas faciais do sorriso e 16 de sorriso aproximado de um único paciente portando braquetes ortodônticos de porcelana monocristalina, fio de NiTi teflonado e ligaduras elásticas estéticas de cinco marcas comerciais diferentes, distribuídas em oito grupos, G1 a G8 (Morelli, Ortho Technology, TP Orthodontics, 3M/Unitek clear, 3M/Unitek obscure, American Orthodontics clear, American Orthodontics pearl e American Orthodontics metalic pearl. Foram utilizadas 20 ligaduras de cada grupo, totalizando 160 ligaduras. Metade delas foi utilizada em estado natural e a outra metade após pigmentação in vitro. Todas as fotografias foram julgadas por 40 avaliadores, sendo 20 ortodontistas e 20 estudantes de Odontologia. RESULTADOS: para ortodontistas, as ligaduras American Orthodontics pearl (G7 foram as que menos influenciaram o grau de atratividade do sorriso nos dois tipos de fotografias utilizadas. Para os estudantes de Odontologia, nas fotografias faciais do sorriso, as que obtiveram o melhor desempenho foram Morelli (G1, American Orthodontics clear (G6 e American Orthodontics pearl (G7 e, nas fotografias de sorriso aproximado, American Orthodontics pearl, metalic pearl e clear (G7, G8 e G6, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: tanto para ortodontistas quanto para estudantes de Odontologia, a pigmentação das ligaduras elásticas influenciou de forma negativa o grau de atratividade dos sorrisos nos dois tipos de fotografias clínicas avaliadas.

Camila Ferraz

2012-10-01

318

The quality of orthodontic practice websites.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective To evaluate orthodontic practice websites for the reliability of information presented, accessibility, usability for patients and compliance to General Dental Council (GDC) regulations on ethical advertising.Setting World Wide Web.Materials and methods The term 'orthodontic practice' was entered into three separate search engines. The 30 websites from the UK were selected and graded according to the LIDA tool (a validated method of evaluating healthcare websites) for accessibility, usability of the website and reliability of information on orthodontic treatment. The websites were then evaluated against the GDC's Principles for ethical advertising in nine different criteria.Results On average, each website fulfilled six out of nine points of the GDC's criteria, with inclusion of a complaints policy being the most poorly fulfilled criteria. The mean LIDA score (a combination of usability, reliability and accessibility) was 102/144 (standard deviation 8.38). The websites scored most poorly on reliability (average 43% SD 11.7), with no single website reporting a clear, reliable method of content production. Average accessibility was 81% and usability 73%.Conclusions In general, websites did not comply with GDC guidelines on ethical advertising. Furthermore, practitioners should consider reporting their method of information production, particularly when making claims about efficiency and speed of treatment in order to improve reliability. PMID:24853010

Parekh, J; Gill, D S

2014-05-23

319

Construction of Minimal Bracketing Covers for Rectangles  

CERN Multimedia

We construct explicit $\\delta$-bracketing covers with minimal cardinality for the set system of (anchored) rectangles in the two dimensional unit cube. More precisely, the cardinality of these $\\delta$-bracketing covers are bounded from above by $\\delta^{-2} + o(\\delta^{-2})$. A lower bound for the cardinality of arbitrary $\\delta$-bracketing covers for $d$-dimensional anchored boxes from [M. Gnewuch, Bracketing numbers for axis-parallel boxes and applications to geometric discrepancy, J. Complexity 24 (2008) 154-172] implies the lower bound $\\delta^{-2}+O(\\delta^{-1})$ in dimension $d=2$, showing that our constructed covers are (essentially) optimal. We study also other $\\delta$-bracketing covers for the set system of rectangles, deduce the coefficient of the most significant term $\\delta^{-2}$ in the asymptotic expansion of their cardinality, and compute their cardinality for explicit values of $\\delta$.

Gnewuch, Michael

2008-01-01

320

Trifocal distraction-compression osteosynthesis in conjunction with passive self-ligating brackets for the reconstruction of a large bony defect and multiple missing teeth.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reconstruction of a maxillary dentoalveolar defect and closure of a wide oronasal fistula in a patient with a traumatic injury are challenging for both orthodontists and surgeons. A conventional bone graft is used to fill the alveolar bone defect, to restore continuity between bony segments, and to provide bony support for tooth eruption adjacent to the defect or for orthodontic tooth movement into the bony defect. However, if the defect is too large to allow for a conventional bone graft, transport distraction osteogenesis can be used for reconstruction of the alveolar bone and implant placement. However, there is usually a discrepancy in the movement rates between the bony segment and the teeth. Passive self-ligating brackets can minimize friction between the bracket and the archwire; therefore, the rate of tooth movement can be balanced with that of the bony segment. By using orthodontic miniscrew and elastomeric traction, the regenerated bony segments can be bent to form a curved arch in the alveolar bone. In the treatment reported here, trifocal distraction-compression osteosynthesis with orthodontic miniscrews and passive self-ligating brackets helped establish bone continuity in a bony defect area, created anterior curvature of the alveolar bone, and provided good-quality regenerated bone for implant placement. PMID:18405825

Baek, Seung-Hak; Kim, Na-Young; Paeng, Jun-Young; Kim, Myung-Jin

2008-04-01

 
 
 
 
321

A Comparison of Apical Root Resorption in Incisors after Fixed Orthodontic Treatment with Standard Edgewise and Straight Wire (MBT) Method  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Statement of Problem: One of the major outcomes of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption of teeth moved during the treatment. Identifying the possible risk factors, are necessary for every orthodontist. Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of apical root resorption after fixed orthodontic treatment with standard edgewise and straight wire (MBT) method, and also to evaluate other factors effecting the rate of root resorption in orthodontic treatments.Materials a...

2013-01-01

322

Halogen light versus LED for bracket bonding: shear bond strength  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

INTRODUCTION: LED light-curing devices seek to provide a cold light activator which allows protocols of material polymerization with shorter duration. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the shear bond strength of bracket bonding using three types of light-curing devices: One with halogen light (Optilight Plus - Gnatus) and two with LEDs (Optilight CL - Gnatus and Elipar Freelight - 3M/ESPE). RESULTS: Comparing the results by analysis of variance, the Gnatus LED device showed an in...

Paulo Eduardo Guedes Carvalho; Valdemir Muzulon dos Santos; Hassan Isber; Flávio Augusto Cotrim-Ferreira

2013-01-01

323

Technical report for quality requirements establishment of in-chimney bracket  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This technical report provides the methods on how to sustain the items of experimental materials, nuclear fuel on examination, ect. This report applies to the quality assurance(QA) programmes of the design, fabrication in-chimney bracket.The organization having overall responsibility for the nuclear power item design, preservation, fabrication shall be described in this report in each stage of chimney bracket fabrication project

2000-01-01

324

Technical report for quality requirements establishment of in-chimney bracket  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This technical report provides the methods on how to sustain the items of experimental materials, nuclear fuel on examination, ect. This report applies to the quality assurance(QA) programmes of the design, fabrication in-chimney bracket.The organization having overall responsibility for the nuclear power item design, preservation, fabrication shall be described in this report in each stage of chimney bracket fabrication project.

Kim, Kwan Hyun

2000-06-01

325

Effects of different chlorhexidine pretreatments on adhesion of metal brackets in vitro  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Objective To investigate the effect of chlorhexidine applications in various forms and concentrations on adhesion and failure modes of metal brackets in vitro. Material and methods Ninety bovine enamel specimens were allocated to six groups (n=15). Metal brackets were bonded on all specimens after chlorhexidine pre-treatments forming the following groups: (1) untreated specimens (control); (2) 40% varnish (EC40, Biodent BV, Netherlands), remnan...

Frey Corinne; Yetkiner Enver; Stawarczyk Bogna; Attin Thomas; Attin Rengin

2012-01-01

326

Evaluation of Patient's Personal Reasons and Experience with Orthodontic Treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The objective of the study is to evaluate patient's personal reasons and experience with orthodontic treatment. Also to find the problems faced during the orthodontic procedure. Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional study was done using pretested questionnaire among 312 patients (178 - males and 134 - females) with a response rate of 85%. The overall mean age of the population was 21.34±62 years. The data was collected on excel sheet and analyzed by SPSS 15.0 software at p value 0.05 for the statistical significance. Results: Half of the participants (52.4%) had undergone orthodontic procedure for straightening the teeth as they think that teeth are the important features that affect the facial profile. Around fifty percent judged themselves that they require this procedure. Most common problem faced by the participants during treatment was its longer duration (29.3%). Still 86.4% of them were satisfied with the treatment. Conclusion: The study concluded most of the subjects themselves noted that they are in need of orthodontic treatment in them. There were many problems faced during the procedure by the participants but still most of them were satisfied after the results. How to cite this article: Sharma S, Narkhede S, Sonawane S, Gangurde P. Evaluation of Patient's Personal Reasons and Experience with Orthodontic Treatment. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(6):78-81 . PMID:24453449

Sharma, Sandeep; Narkhede, Sameer; Sonawane, Shushma; Gangurde, Parag

2013-12-01

327

Review of properties and clinical applications of orthodontic wires.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available During the last decades, a variety of alloys has been used in orthodontics to manufacture wires. The orthodontic clinician is called to select from a large number of materials that meet the biomechanical requirements of the clinical case to be treated. Mechanical properties of orthodontic wires are assessed by different laboratory tests, such as tensile, torsional, and bending tests. Although wire characteristics determined by such tests cannot be directly linked with their clinical application, they provide a basis for useful comparisons. The "ideal" wire characteristics have been specified by a number of authors. However, each wire may be considered ideal or not, depending on the targeted clinical outcome on each case. The clinician should know the properties and biomechanical behavior of available wires in order to choose the appropriate wire depending on the targeted outcome in different orthodontic treatment phases. The aim of this literature review is to summarize orthodontic wire properties and demonstrate their clinical applications as shown by their general properties. Stainless steel, cobalt-chromium, nickel-titanium, beta-titanium and multistranded wires are studied. Moreover, the so-called "aesthetic" wires are reviewed, as well as their potential development expected in the near future.

Ilias Mistakidis

2011-01-01

328

Immunosuppressants: implications in Orthodontics  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: There are medications capable of affecting bone metabolism and the rate of tooth movement. Among these medications are the immunosuppressants, which act by repressing the action of T lymphocytes, however they can cause bone loss and consequently lead to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a [...] common complication following kidney, heart, liver or lung transplantation. The immunosuppressant treatment for preventing organ rejection after transplantation, in general, includes glucocorticoids, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and sirolimus. All these drugs can have jeopardizing effects on bone mineral homeostasis and consequently influence tooth movement. In recent years, however, the increasing use of immunosuppressants has raised questions about their effects on bone metabolism in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review study was to inform orthodontists about the influence of immunosuppressants on bone metabolism and tooth movement.

Santos, Rogério Lacerda dos; Lacerda, Maria Cláudia Mesquita; Gonçalves, Renato Torres; Martins, Marco Aurélio; Souza, Margareth Maria Gomes de.

329

Heat Exchanger Support Bracket Design Calculations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This engineering note documents the design of the heat exchanger support brackets. The heat exchanger is roughly 40 feet long, 22 inches in diameter and weighs 6750 pounds. It will be mounted on two identical support brackets that are anchored to a concrete wall. The design calculations were done for one bracket supporting the full weight of the heat exchanger, rounded up to 6800 pounds. The design follows the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) Manual of steel construction, Eighth edition. All calculated stresses and loads on welds were below allowables.

1995-01-01

330

Shear bond strength of metallic brackets photo-activated with light-emitting diode (LED) at different exposure times  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of orthodontic metallic brackets photo-activated with two different light-curing sources at different exposure times: halogen light (XL 1500, 3M ESPE) and LED light (Ortholux, 3M Unitek). Sixty bovine permanent lower incisors were inserted into PVC tubes containing plaster. The buccal surfaces were cleaned with pumice and water, and then etched with 37% phosphoric acid gel. The XT Primer bonding agent (3M Unitek) was applied to ...

Emanuel Braga Rêgo; Fábio Lourenço Romano

2007-01-01

331

Comparison of the antibacterial effects of persica mouthwash with chlorhexidine on streptococcus mutans in orthodontic patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chlorhexidine mouthwash has shown the highest antimicrobial effects in orthodontic patients, however, some complications have limited its widespread use. The goal of this study was to compare the antimicrobial effects of persica mouthwash with chlorhexidine in fixed orthodontics patients. Sixty patients (13-18 years old on fixed orthodontic treatment, with desirable oral health were randomly divided into three equal groups of control, clorhexidine and persica. Patients were educated to properly use these mouthwashes. The control group was asked to wash their mouth with water twice a day. The numbers of streptococcus mutans colonies available in the elastic rings around the two bracket bases were determined in culture mediums before and immediately after a single application of water or mouthwashes and also following their daily uses for three weeks. The number of bacterial colonies then were compared at these three graps. The use of persica resulted in a significant (p<0.001 reduction in the number of streptococcus mutans colonies, albeit it was not as potent as chlorhexidine. Thirteen and fourty percent of patients using persica mouthwash experienced tooth discoloration and changes in taste respectively. The corresponding figures for chlorhexidine were 86% and 73% respectively. Significant reduction of streptococcus mutans colonies by persica as well as its lower tooth discoloration effects and unpleasant taste relative to chlorhexidine might give credence to the use of complementary herbal compounds in orthodontics patients.

Salehi P.

2006-07-01

332

Covariant Poisson Brackets for Classical Fields.  

Science.gov (United States)

Poisson brackets that are covariant under spacetime coordinate changes are presented for relativistic field theories. The formalism described here is an alternative to the sympletic formulation of field theories and has several advantages. It applies to r...

J. E. Marsden R. Montgomery P. J. Morrison W. B. Thompson

1985-01-01

333

New classical brackets for dissipative systems  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A set of brackets for classical dissipative systems, subject to external random forces, are derived. The method is inspired by the old procedure found by Peierls, for deriving the canonical brackets of conservative systems, starting from an action principle. It is found that an adaptation of Peierls' method is applicable also to dissipative systems, when the friction term can be described by a linear functional of the coordinates, as is the case in the classical Langevin equation, with an arbitrary memory function. The general expression for the brackets satisfied by the coordinates, as well as by the external random forces, at different times, is determined, and it turns out that they all satisfy the Jacobi identity. Upon quantization, these classical brackets are found to coincide with the commutation rules for the quantum Langevin equation, that have been obtained in the past, by appealing to microscopic conservative quantum models for the friction mechanism

2003-11-17

334

Gerstenhaber brackets for skew group algebras  

CERN Document Server

Hochschild cohomology governs deformations of algebras, and its graded Lie structure plays a vital role. We study this structure for the Hochschild cohomology of the skew group algebra formed by a finite group acting on an algebra by automorphisms. We examine the Gerstenhaber bracket with a view toward deformations and developing bracket formulas. We then focus on the linear group actions and polynomial algebras that arise in orbifold theory and representation theory; deformations in this context include graded Hecke algebras and symplectic reflection algebras. We give some general results describing when brackets are zero for polynomial skew group algebras, which allow us in particular to find noncommutative Poisson structures. For abelian groups, we express the bracket using inner products of group characters. Lastly, we interpret results for graded Hecke algebras.

Shepler, Anne V

2009-01-01

335

Evaluation of frictional forces between ceramic brackets and archwires of different alloys compared with metal brackets  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, frictional forces produced by ceramic brackets and arch wires of different alloys. Frictional tests were performed on three ceramic brackets: monocrystalline (Inspire ICE, polycrystalline (InVu, polycrystalline with metal slot (Clarity, and one stainless steel bracket (Dyna-Lock. Thirty brackets of each were tested, all with .022" slots, in combination with stainless steel and nickel-titanium wires .019" × .025", at 0° and 10° angulation, in artificial saliva. Arch wires were pulled through the slots at a crosshead speed of 10 mm/min. There were statistically significant differences between the groups of brackets and wires studied (p < .05. The polycrystalline brackets with metal slots had values similar to those of conventional polycrystalline brackets, and the monocrystalline brackets had the highest frictional forces. The nickel-titanium wires produced the lowest friction. The addition of metal slots in the polycrystalline brackets did not significantly decrease frictional values. Nickel-titanium wires produced lower friction than those of stainless steel.

Ariana Pulido Guerrero

2010-03-01

336

Preparation and evaluation of orthodontic setup  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

INTRODUCTION: An orthodontic or diagnostic setup consists in cutting and realigning the teeth in plaster models, making it an important resource in orthodontic treatment planning. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide a detailed description of a technique to build an orthodontic setup model and a method to evaluate it. CONCLUSIONS: Although laborious, orthodontic setup procedure and analysis can provide important information such as the need for dental extractions, interproximal st...

Telma Martins de Araújo; Lílian Martins Fonseca; Luciana Duarte Caldas; Roberto Amarante Costa-Pinto

2012-01-01

337

Lingual orthodontic treatment: what is the current evidence base?  

Science.gov (United States)

As the number of adults that seek orthodontic treatment continues to grow, so too is the popularity of lingual fixed appliances. Although the aesthetic advantages associated with these systems are obvious, for some orthodontists, there has been a reluctance to offer lingual-based treatment to their patients. This is often based upon the perceived problems associated with lingual braces, relating to discomfort and difficulties with speech for the patient, and problems in using these appliances for the orthodontist. Although some of these factors have been investigated, the current evidence base is weak, possibly due to the fact that these are evolving appliance systems. Among the studies that have been carried out to date, pain and discomfort for the patient appears to be similar following the placement of labial or lingual appliances, although the onset can be earlier with lingual brackets and the location different, with the tongue more frequently being involved. Customized lingual brackets may be associated with less pain than pre-fabricated. In addition, patients do seem to be more likely to experience difficulties with speech and mastication when fitted with a lingual appliance. However, there is some evidence that the lingual surfaces of the teeth are more resistant to early demineralization and caries. Little data exist regarding treatment outcome and ease of use for the orthodontist, either between lingual or labial appliances or between different lingual systems. Further research is required to investigate the efficiency of lingual appliance systems, both for the patient and orthodontist. PMID:24005948

Auluck, Angela

2013-09-01

338

Hausdorff Distance evaluation of orthodontic accessories' streaking artifacts in 3D model superimposition  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The aim of this study was to determine whether image artifacts caused by orthodontic metal accessories interfere with the accuracy of 3D CBCT model superimposition. A human dry skull was subjected three times to a CBCT scan: at first without orthodontic brackets (T1), then with stainless steel brack [...] ets bonded without (T2) and with orthodontic arch wires (T3) inserted into the brackets' slots. The registration of image surfaces and the superimposition of 3D models were performed. Within-subject surface distances between T1-T2, T1-T3 and T2-T3 were computed and calculated for comparison among the three data sets. The minimum and maximum Hausdorff Distance units (HDu) computed between the corresponding data points of the T1 and T2 CBCT 3D surface images were 0.000000 and 0.049280 HDu, respectively, and the mean distance was 0.002497 HDu. The minimum and maximum Hausdorff Distances between T1 and T3 were 0.000000 and 0.047440 HDu, respectively, with a mean distance of 0.002585 HDu. In the comparison between T2 and T3, the minimum, maximum and mean Hausdorff Distances were 0.000000, 0.025616 and 0.000347 HDu, respectively. In the current study, the image artifacts caused by metal orthodontic accessories did not compromise the accuracy of the 3D model superimposition. Color-coded maps of overlaid structures complemented the computed Hausdorff Distances and demonstrated a precise fusion between the data sets.

José, Rino Neto; Fernando Penteado Lopes da, Silva; Israel, Chilvarquer; João Batista de, Paiva; Angélica Maria, Hernandez.

339

Effect of dental bleaching after bracket bonding and debonding using three different adhesive systems  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a influência da colagem e descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos no clareamento caseiro, considerando três diferentes sistemas adesivos. MÉTODOS: quarenta e quatro incisivos bovinos foram divididos em quatro grupos, de acordo com o sistema adesivo utilizad [...] o para colagem dos braquetes. Após a descolagem dos braquetes, os dentes foram pigmentados por 96 horas e depois clareados com peróxido de carbamida a 10% por 6 horas diárias, durante duas semanas. Foram realizadas fotografias digitais padronizadas nos tempos: T0 (inicial); T1 (após descolagem); T2 (após pigmentação); T3, T4 e T5 representando 1, 7 e 14 dias de clareamento. Testes de repetitividade e de estabilidade foram realizados para avaliar a acurácia do método. As imagens foram avaliadas pelo software Adobe Photoshop 7.0, considerando os parâmetros de cor (L*a*b*) e a diferença total de cor adaptada para esse estudo (?;E'). RESULTADOS: os resultados do presente estudo (ANOVA e Tukey; p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of bonding and debonding of orthodontic brackets on dental in-home bleaching, taking into account three different adhesive systems. METHODS: Forty-four bovine incisors were divided into four groups according to the primer system used for orthodontic bracket bondi [...] ng. Following the debonding of orthodontic brackets, the teeth were stored in staining solution for 96 hours. Then, teeth were whitened using 10% carbamide peroxide for two weeks at a 6-hour-a-day regime. Standardized digital photographs were taken at the following intervals: T0 (initial); T1 (after debonding); T2 (after pigmentation); T3, T4 and T5 representing 1, 7, and 14 days of bleaching. Repeatability and stability tests were carried out to check the method accuracy. Images were analyzed using Adobe Photoshop 7.0 software considering (L*a*b*)color coordinate values and a modified color difference total (?;E'). RESULTS: The results of this study (ANOVA and Tukey; p

Lucianna de Oliveira, Gomes; Paula, Mathias; Patricia, Rizzo; Telma Martins de, Araújo; Maria Cristina Teixeira, Cangussu.

340

Everyday uses of adult orthodontics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adults are now much more in favor of receiving orthodontic treatment than in the past. The baby boomer generation has a deep desire to keep their "youngness" and is willing to invest in such. Along with this attitude has come the ability to treat malocclusions and other clinical deficiencies with new products that decrease the treatment time. Nickel titanium wire has revolutionized the mechanics of treatment, so that often only one wire need be used throughout treatment, and the time of care has been reduced. Invisalign has resulted in higher acceptance rates for treatment that was passed up before. Although Invisalign has its limitations, for most basic alignment, it can provide a nice result. Patients who might come to an office for Invisalign can be open to braces if Invisalign will not correct their problem. In this article, several uses of adult orthodontics have been shown. It behooves the general practitioner to refer those cases that can benefit from the multiple uses of orthodontics. Should the GP desire to learn to perform any or all of the tooth movements necessary to create a more desired outcome, there are several marketed orthodontic courses that will provide the knowledge necessary. Finally, I encourage those who would enjoy treating patients with orthodontic needs. I have found it to be very rewarding to work toward a shared outcome that is often a less invasive treatment. Patients really enjoy the results. PMID:15495456

Whitehouse, Joseph A

2004-09-01

 
 
 
 
341

Opening and closure forces of sliding mechanisms of different self-ligating brackets  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Self-ligating brackets engage the wire by means of a slide mechanism. Forces that have to be applied to open and close the sliding mechanism of brackets are still unknown. Objective The aim of this study was to measure and compare the opening and closure forces of different self-ligating b [...] rackets. Material and Methods Three different stainless steel self-ligating brackets (Carriere LX, Ortho Organizers; F1000, Leone; Damon Q, Ormco) were tested. For each different bracket, 20 maxillary right central incisors and 20 mandibular right central incisors were used. Opening and closure forces were measured using an Instron Universal Testing Machine. Statistical analysis was performed and ANOVA and Tukey tests were carried out. Results Opening forces were registered between 1.1 N and 5.6 N, whereas closure forces were recorded between 1.57 N and 4.87 N. Significant differences were detected among the different brackets and between the two prescriptions tested. Conclusion The knowledge of different opening and closure forces of self-ligating brackets can help the orthodontist in the clinical management of these devices.

Paola, GANDINI; Linda, ORSI; Maria Francesca, SFONDRINI; Andrea, SCRIBANTE.

342

Asymmetric extractions in orthodontics  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Extraction decisions are extremely important in during treatment planning. In addition to the extraction decision orthodontists have to choose what tooth should be extracted for the best solution of the problem and the esthetic/functional benefit of the patient. OBJECTIVE: This article [...] aims at reviewing the literature relating the advantages, disadvantages and clinical implications of asymmetric extractions to orthodontics. METHODS: Keywords were selected in English and Portuguese and the EndNote 9 program was used for data base search in PubMed, Web of Science (WSc) and LILACS. The selected articles were case reports, original articles and prospective or retrospective case-control studies concerning asymmetrical extractions of permanent teeth for the treatme