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Contribució a l’estudi dels mol·luscs terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) del Parc de la Serralada Litoral (Barcelona)  

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Full Text Available Contribution to the study of terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda) Serralada LitoralPark (Barcelona)The population of molluscs in Serralada Litoral Park (Barcelona, NE Iberian peninsula) was assessed, contributing to the conservation plan. A wildlife inventory was conducted based on fieldwork and literature. Gastropod communities in various natural environments and conchological species of interest for conservation are also described. Several environmental aspects that determine the distribution and abundance of snails are discussed and management measures to meet their ecological requirements are suggested.

Bros, V.

2013-01-01

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Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Patagonia: potential role of climatic change in its dispersion and settlement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) shows a large native distribution range in South America, reaching as far south as 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). This species was deliberately introduced into Southeast Asia around 1980 and subsequently underwent a rapid intentional or accidental dispersal into many countries in the region. It was also introduced into North and Central America and Hawaii. In this contribution we record the presence of P. canaliculata in Patagonia, assessing the possible influence of climatic change in the new establishment of this species there. Three samplings (between September 2004 and April 2005) were carried out at 38º 58' 20.2" S-68º 11' 27.3" W. In the sampling we found two adult specimens of P. canaliculata and numerous egg clutches. Pomacea canaliculata is naturally distributed in the Plata and Amazon Basins. The southern boundary of this species has been established as the isotherms of 14 ºC and 16 ºC in Buenos Aires province, and precipitations of 900 to 600 mm/year. This study also analysed variations in annual temperature and precipitation in Patagonia. Average temperatures show an increase over the years, although not constantly. Important modifications in precipitation regime in northern Patagonia, triggered by global climatic changes, could be beneficial for the settlement of populations of P. canaliculata in this new area, where precipitation increased enough to reach values similar to those in the southernmost area of distribution of this species.

Darrigran G; Damborenea C; Tambussi A

2011-02-01

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Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Patagonia: potential role of climatic change in its dispersion and settlement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) shows a large native distribution range in South America, reaching as far south as 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). This species was deliberately introduced into Southeast Asia around 1980 and subsequently underwent a rapid intentional or accidental dispersal into many countries in the region. It was also introduced into North and Central America and Hawaii. In this contribution we record the presence of P. canaliculata in Patagonia, assessing the possible influence of climatic change in the new establishment of this species there. Three samplings (between September 2004 and April 2005) were carried out at 38º 58' 20.2" S-68º 11' 27.3" W. In the sampling we found two adult specimens of P. canaliculata and numerous egg clutches. Pomacea canaliculata is naturally distributed in the Plata and Amazon Basins. The southern boundary of this species has been established as the isotherms of 14 ºC and 16 ºC in Buenos Aires province, and precipitations of 900 to 600 mm/year. This study also analysed variations in annual temperature and precipitation in Patagonia. Average temperatures show an increase over the years, although not constantly. Important modifications in precipitation regime in northern Patagonia, triggered by global climatic changes, could be beneficial for the settlement of populations of P. canaliculata in this new area, where precipitation increased enough to reach values similar to those in the southernmost area of distribution of this species. PMID:21437394

Darrigran, G; Damborenea, C; Tambussi, A

2011-02-01

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Los moluscos terrestres (Mollusca: Gastropoda) de Costa Rica: clasificación, distribución y conservación  

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Full Text Available Los moluscos terrestres son un grupo muy poco estudiado a nivel mundial. Hay 183 especies reportadas para Costa Rica, 30% son endémicas y 7% posiblemente están extintas. Se espera que en el país haya alrededor de 400 especies, de más del 95% se desconoce su biología, ecología, distribución, genética y otros campos de estudio. En Costa Rica las familias con mayor número de especies son Spiraxidae, Orthalicidae y Subulinidae. No obstante, es posible que Euconulidae sea aun más diversa, pues habitan las zonas altas del país que es en donde menos trabajo se ha hecho. El estudio de regiones altas aumentará el porcentaje de endemismo. Los futuros trabajos malacológicos taxonómicos, biológicos y ecológicos deben considerar la poca movilidad de este grupo, su tendencia a formar especies nuevas en simpatría, la especificidad de requerimientos de microhábitat, el hermafroditismo, la alta tasa de evolución (10% por millón de años) y la divergencia entre especies (2-30%). Para proteger adecuadamente la biodiversidad de la malacofauna costarricense, se requiere de estudios que determinen la distribución y abundancia de las especies y el efecto del uso de la tierra y del climático.Terrestrial mollusks (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Costa Rica: classification, distribution and conservation. Terrestrial mollusks are poorly known worldwide. The country has 183 reported species, 30% endemic and 7% are probably extinct. About 400 species are expected to inhabit the country. Biology, ecology, distribution, genetics and other areas of research are unknown for more than 95% of the species. The most diverse families are Spiraxidae, Orthalicidae and Subulinidae. However, the family that may have more species is Euconulidae. Euconulids inhabit the highlands, where less work has been done. The study of species of highlands will also rise the endemism rate. Future taxonomic, biological and ecological work should consider their low vagility, tendency to produce new taxa in sympatry, specific microhabitat requirements, hermaphroditism, high evolutionary rate (10% per million years), and divergence between species (2 to 30%). Urgent studies to protect the Costa Rican malacofauna include: distribution, abundance, effect of land use and climate changes on populations. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (4): 1165-1175. Epub 2010 December 01.

Zaidett Barrientos Llosa

2010-01-01

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Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Patagonia: potential role of climatic change in its dispersion and settlement Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) na Patagônia: o papel potencial da mudança climática em sua dispersão e estabelecimento  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) shows a large native distribution range in South America, reaching as far south as 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). This species was deliberately introduced into Southeast Asia around 1980 and subsequently underwent a rapid intentional or accidental dispersal into many countries in the region. It was also introduced into North and Central America and Hawaii. In this contribution we record the presence of P. canaliculata in Patagonia, assessing the possible influence of climatic change in the new establishment of this species there. Three samplings (between September 2004 and April 2005) were carried out at 38º 58' 20.2" S-68º 11' 27.3" W. In the sampling we found two adult specimens of P. canaliculata and numerous egg clutches. Pomacea canaliculata is naturally distributed in the Plata and Amazon Basins. The southern boundary of this species has been established as the isotherms of 14 ºC and 16 ºC in Buenos Aires province, and precipitations of 900 to 600 mm/year. This study also analysed variations in annual temperature and precipitation in Patagonia. Average temperatures show an increase over the years, although not constantly. Important modifications in precipitation regime in northern Patagonia, triggered by global climatic changes, could be beneficial for the settlement of populations of P. canaliculata in this new area, where precipitation increased enough to reach values similar to those in the southernmost area of distribution of this species.Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca Gastropoda) mostra um grande alcance de distribuição natural na América do Sul, chegando até os 37º S (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Esta espécie foi introduzida propositalmente no sudeste da Ásia, por volta de 1980 e, mais tarde, se submeteu a uma dispersão de forma rápida intencional ou acidental em muitos países da região. Também foi introduzido na América do Norte, América Central e Havaí. Nesta contribuição se confere a presença de P. canaliculata na Patagônia e se considera a influência das alterações climáticas no novo estabelecimento desta espécie no local referido. Três coletas (entre setembro de 2004 até abril de 2005) foram realizadas (38º 58' 20.2" S and 68º 11' 27.3" W). Nelas encontraram-se dois exemplares adultos de P. canaliculada e numerosas desovas. P. canaliculata distribui-se naturalmente nas regiões das Bacias do Prata e Amazonas. O limite sul desta espécie foi estabelecido nas isotermas de 14 ºC e 16 ºC na província de Buenos Aires, com precipitações de 900 a 600 mm. Também são analisadas as variações na temperatura anual e a precipitação na Patagônia. As médias de temperatura mostram um aumento no decorrer de dois anos. Modificações importantes no regime de precipitação no norte da Patagônia poderiam ser benéficas para o estabelecimento das populações de P. canaliculata nesta nova área, onde as precipitações aumentaram o suficiente até atingir os valores similares aos da região mais austral citada para a distribuição desta espécie.

G. Darrigran; C. Damborenea; A. Tambussi

2011-01-01

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Thecosomata e Gymnosomata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) da cadeia Fernando de Noronha, Brasil/ Thecosomata and Gymnosomata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) from Fernando de Noronha chain, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The Mollusca Pteropoda from Fernando de Noronha Chain Northeastern Brazil were studied in order to know their taxonomy and distribution. Collections were carried out during the I Oceanographical Expedition of the REVIZEE Program (Live Resources of the Economical Exclusive Zone) from August to September 1995. The studied area is located between 03°04'S-04°23'S and 32°19'W-36°26'W, comprising 35 stations. Sampling was performed through oblique hauls from 50m depth to su (more) rface and from 100 m depth to surface, with a Bongo net (300 and 500 µm mesh size, net diameter: 60 cm), that was equipped with a flow meter. Samples in a total of 99 were preserved, immediately, in buffered 4% formaldehyde. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the samples were performed based on total sample. The samples were analysed on a counting plate "Bogorov" type under a stereo microscope. A total of 8,258 organisms were identified belonging to: 8 families, 16 genera and 27 species. Limacina inflata (d´Orbigny, 1836) and Creseis virgula (Rang, 1828) were frequent and very frequent in the area outranking among the studied Pteropoda. The total density varied from 2.5 to 3,012.05 org.m-³. Highest richness was registered at the Continental Shelf and Slope with 1two species. The Pteropoda association showed higher differences between day and night collections. Limacina inflata caused this difference due to its higher density at night collections and it was independent of the depth, mesh size and temperature. Creseis virgula had its occurrence, mainly, during day time.

Larrazábal, Maria Eduarda de; Oliveira, Valdeni Soares de

2003-06-01

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18S ribosomal DNA sequences provide insight into the phylogeny of patellogastropod limpets (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To investigate the phylogeny of Patellogastropoda, the complete 18S rDNA sequences of nine patellogastropod limpets Cymbula canescens (Gmelin, 1791), Helcion dunkeri (Krauss, 1848), Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, Cellana toreuma (Reeve, 1855), Cellana nigrolineata (Reeve, 1854), Nacella magellanica Gmelin, 1791, Nipponacmea concinna (Lischke, 1870), Niveotectura pallida (Gould, 1859), and Lottia dorsuosa Gould, 1859 were determined. These sequences were then analyzed along with the published 18S rDNA sequences of 35 gastropods, one bivalve, and one chiton species. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. The results of our 18S rDNA sequence analysis strongly support the monophyly of Patellogastropoda and the existence of three subgroups. Of these, two subgroups, the Patelloidea and Acmaeoidea, are closely related, with branching patterns that can be summarized as [(Cymbula + Helcion) + Patella] and [(Nipponacmea + Lottia) + Niveotectura]. The remaining subgroup, Nacelloidea, emerges as basal and paraphyletic, while its genus Cellana is monophyletic. Our analysis also indicates that the Patellogastropoda have a sister relationship with the order Cocculiniformia within the Gastropoda.

Yoon SH; Kim W

2007-02-01

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18S ribosomal DNA sequences provide insight into the phylogeny of patellogastropod limpets (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

To investigate the phylogeny of Patellogastropoda, the complete 18S rDNA sequences of nine patellogastropod limpets Cymbula canescens (Gmelin, 1791), Helcion dunkeri (Krauss, 1848), Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, Cellana toreuma (Reeve, 1855), Cellana nigrolineata (Reeve, 1854), Nacella magellanica Gmelin, 1791, Nipponacmea concinna (Lischke, 1870), Niveotectura pallida (Gould, 1859), and Lottia dorsuosa Gould, 1859 were determined. These sequences were then analyzed along with the published 18S rDNA sequences of 35 gastropods, one bivalve, and one chiton species. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. The results of our 18S rDNA sequence analysis strongly support the monophyly of Patellogastropoda and the existence of three subgroups. Of these, two subgroups, the Patelloidea and Acmaeoidea, are closely related, with branching patterns that can be summarized as [(Cymbula + Helcion) + Patella] and [(Nipponacmea + Lottia) + Niveotectura]. The remaining subgroup, Nacelloidea, emerges as basal and paraphyletic, while its genus Cellana is monophyletic. Our analysis also indicates that the Patellogastropoda have a sister relationship with the order Cocculiniformia within the Gastropoda. PMID:17464213

Yoon, Sook Hee; Kim, Won

2007-02-28

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Annotated type catalogue of the Orthalicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the Museum fur Naturkunde, Berlin.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The type status is described of 96 taxa classified within the superfamily Orthalicoidea and present in the Mollusca collection of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Lectotypes are designated for the following taxa: Orthalicus elegans Rolle, 1895; Bulimus maranhonensis Albers, 1854; Orthalicus nobilis Rolle, 1895; Orthalichus tricinctus Martens, 1893. Orthalicus sphinx tresmariae is introduced as new name for Zebra sphinx turrita Strebel, 1909, not Zebra quagga turrita Strebel, 1909. The following synonyms are established: Zebra crosseifischeri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus princeps fischeri Martens, 1893; Orthalicus isabellinus Martens, 1873 = Orthalicus bensoni (Reeve, 1849); Zebra zoniferus naesiotes Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus undatus (Bruguière, 1789); Porphyrobaphe (Myiorthalicus) dennisoni pallida Strebel, 1909 = Hemibulimus dennisoni (Reeve, 1848); Zebra delphinus pumilio Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus delphinus (Strebel, 1909); Orthalicus (Laeorthalicus) reginaeformis Strebel, 1909 = Corona perversa (Swainson, 1821); Bulimus (Eurytus) corticosus Sowerby III, 1895 = Plekocheilus (Eurytus) stuebeli Martens, 1885. The taxon Bulimus (Eudioptus) psidii Martens, 1877 is now placed within the family Sagdidae, tentatively in the genus Platysuccinea. Appendices are included with an index to all the types of Orthalicoidea extant (including those listed by Köhler 2007) and a partial list of letters present in the correspondence archives.

Breure AS

2013-01-01

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Annotated type catalogue of the Orthalicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The type status is described of 96 taxa classified within the superfamily Orthalicoidea and present in the Mollusca collection of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Lectotypes are designated for the following taxa: Orthalicus elegans Rolle, 1895; Bulimus maranhonensis Albers, 1854; Orthalicus nobilis Rolle, 1895; Orthalichus tricinctus Martens, 1893. Orthalicus sphinx tresmariae is introduced as new name for Zebra sphinx turrita Strebel, 1909, not Z. quagga turrita Strebel, 1909. The following synonyms are established: Zebra crosseifischeri Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus princeps fischeri Martens, 1893; Orthalicus isabellinus Martens, 1873 = O. bensoni (Reeve, 1849); Zebra zoniferus naesiotes Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus undatus (Bruguière, 1789); Porphyrobaphe (Myiorthalicus) dennisoni pallida Strebel, 1909 = Hemibulimus dennisoni (Reeve, 1848); Zebra delphinus pumilio Strebel, 1909 = Orthalicus delphinus (Strebel, 1909); Orthalicus (Laeorthalicus) reginaeformis Strebel, 1909 = Corona perversa (Swainson, 1821); Bulimus (Eurytus) corticosus Sowerby III, 1895 = Plekocheilus (Eurytus) stuebeli Martens, 1885. The taxon Bulimus (Eudioptus) psidii Martens, 1877 is now placed within the family Sagdidae, tentatively in the genus Platysuccinea. Appendices are included with an index to all the types of Orthalicoidea extant (including those listed by Köhler 2007) and a partial list of letters present in the correspondence archives.

Abraham Breure

2013-01-01

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Exotic molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia) in Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil region: check list and regional spatial distribution  

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Full Text Available A total of twenty-one exotic mollusc taxa were assessed for Santa Catarina State (SC), fifteen Gastropoda andsix Bivalvia (twelve terrestrial, five limnic/freshwater - three gastropods and two bivalves, and four marinebivalves). Of these, fourteen are confirmed as invasive species (nine terrestrial, three limnic/freshwater, andtwo marine).

A. Ignacio Agudo-Padrón

2011-01-01

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Morphometric study of a Brazilian strain of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) attached to Pomacea figulina (Mollusca: Gastropoda), with notes on a high infestation  

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Full Text Available During an ecological study of the epibiotic relationship between ciliate protists and Pomacea figulina (Spix, 1827) (Gastropoda, Ampullariidae), originating from an urban stream in southeast Brazil, a high infestation by the peritrich ciliate Carchesium polypinum (Linnaeus, 1758) Ehrenberg, 1830 (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) associated to the shell of one mollusc among 23 was observed. We provided a morphological and morphometric study of C. polypinum using observations of specimens in vivo, after protargol staining, and examined using scanning electron microscopy. The Brazilian-population of C. polypinum is characterized by: size of zooid in vivo 89 µm x 57 µm on average; colony regularly dichotomously branched with usually up to 40 zooids; macronucleus usually J-shaped; single contractile vacuole located in the upper third of body; myoneme not continuous throughout the colony; stalks contract despite the discontinuity of their individual myonemes; polykinety comprises three peniculi, each consisting of three kineties. The high infestation showed here could be related to the preference for eutrophic environments showed by C. polypinum and suggested that ciliate epibionts may be ecologically important in aquatic habitats.

Roberto Júnio P. Dias; Adalgisa F. Cabral; Isabel C. V. Siqueira-Castro; Inácio D. da Silva-Neto; Marta D'Agosto

2010-01-01

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Morphometric study of a Brazilian strain of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) attached to Pomacea figulina (Mollusca: Gastropoda), with notes on a high infestation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english During an ecological study of the epibiotic relationship between ciliate protists and Pomacea figulina (Spix, 1827) (Gastropoda, Ampullariidae), originating from an urban stream in southeast Brazil, a high infestation by the peritrich ciliate Carchesium polypinum (Linnaeus, 1758) Ehrenberg, 1830 (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) associated to the shell of one mollusc among 23 was observed. We provided a morphological and morphometric study of C. polypinum using observations of sp (more) ecimens in vivo, after protargol staining, and examined using scanning electron microscopy. The Brazilian-population of C. polypinum is characterized by: size of zooid in vivo 89 µm x 57 µm on average; colony regularly dichotomously branched with usually up to 40 zooids; macronucleus usually J-shaped; single contractile vacuole located in the upper third of body; myoneme not continuous throughout the colony; stalks contract despite the discontinuity of their individual myonemes; polykinety comprises three peniculi, each consisting of three kineties. The high infestation showed here could be related to the preference for eutrophic environments showed by C. polypinum and suggested that ciliate epibionts may be ecologically important in aquatic habitats.

Dias, Roberto Júnio P.; Cabral, Adalgisa F.; Siqueira-Castro, Isabel C. V.; Silva-Neto, Inácio D. da; D'Agosto, Marta

2010-06-01

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Metabolism of 60Co in mollusca  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After mollusca were bred in 60Co-labeled sea water or were given 60Co-labeled feed for certain hours, their tissues including the liver were removed as experimental samples. 60Co metabolism was observed by the Sephadex gel filtration profile. A gel chromatogram of the liver in gastropoda showed a marked peak of 60Co on the high-molecular side. Although the peak was observed on both high- and low-molecular sides in pelecypoda, it was more marked on the high-molecular side than on the low-molecular side. In cephalopoda, the peak pattern was similar to that in the other mollusca, but the proportion of low-molecular components was comparatively large. The gel filtration profile of 60Co in various tissues of cephalopoda revealed the incorporation of 60Co into the high-molecular components in blood, three peaks in the kidneys, and the incorporation of 60Co into the low-molecular components in the branchial heart. The metabolism of 60Co was dependent upon the chemical form of Co in gastropoda, and organic 60Co was specifically observed in the high-molecular components. (Namekawa, K.)

1982-07-16

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New ultrastructural aspects of the spermatozoon of Aplysia depilans (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia).  

Science.gov (United States)

The spermatozoon of the sea hare Aplysia depilans was studied under scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Previous descriptions of this sperm and related species, both from light and electron microscopy, were inconsistent with each other. These descriptions include A. depilans, A. punctata, A. fasciata, A. kurodai and Bursatella leachiplei. Several detailed micrographs provide a new ultrastructural model and reveal new aspects such as the presence of acrosome and the absence of a glycogen piece, therefore the modified dense ring is the terminal structure. Results also show that previous models are incorrect in many aspects. The spermatozoon is a long slender uniflagellated cell with a complex helical structure and a length of approximately 165 microm. Observed in SEM the spermatozoon has an undifferentiated head and tail. The nucleus is cord-shaped and helically intertwined with the axoneme/mitochondrial derivative complex. The mitochondrial derivative has only one glycogen helix. Glycogen presence was demonstrated by Thiéry's method. Typical heterobranchia spermatozoa features are recognised. From bibliographic analysis, a high degree of similarity was found with the sperm of Pleurobranchea maculata (Notaspidea). PMID:11686398

Vita, P; Corral, L; Azevedo, C

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Imposex in endemic volutid from Northeast Brazil (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Imposex is characterized by the development of masculine sexual organs in neogastropod females. Almost 120 mollusk species are known to present imposex when exposed to organic tin compounds as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT). These compounds are used as biocide agents in antifouling paints to prevent the incrustations on boats. Five gastropod species are known to present imposex in Brazil: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium parthenopeum and Olivancillaria vesica. This paper reports the first record of imposex observed in the endemic gastropod Voluta ebraea from Pacheco Beach, Northeast Brazil. Animals presenting imposex had regular female reproductive organs (capsule gland, oviduct and sperm-ingesting gland) and an abnormal penis. As imposex occurs in mollusks exposed to organotin compounds typically found at harbors, marinas, shipyards and areas with high shipping activities, probably contamination of Pacheco Beach is a consequence of a shipyard activity located in the nearest areas.O imposex caracteriza-se pelo surgimento de estruturas sexuais masculinas, em fêmeas de gastrópodes. Cerca de 120 espécies de moluscos que exibem o fenômeno quando expostas a contaminação por compostos orgânicos de estanho tais como o Tributilestanho (TBT) e o Trifenilestanho (TPT). Esses compostos são utilizados, sobretudo em embarcações, no intuito de evitar a bioincrustração que danifica as embarcações e eleva os custos das viagens marítimas. No Brasil se conhecem 5 espécies de moluscos gastrópodes que manifestam imposex, são elas: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium parthenopeum e Olivancillaria vesica. No Nordeste, monitoramentos da contaminação por organoestânicos foram realizados utilizando o imposex em gastrópodes como biomarcador. O presente estudo tem por objetivo notificar a primeira ocorrência de imposex na espécie endêmica do Nordeste brasileiro, Voluta ebraea. De um total de 11 animais observados, duas fêmeas apresentaram imposex, provenientes da Praia do Pacheco no litoral do Ceará. Observou-se nesses indivíduos a presença de glândula de cápsulas, ovidutos e receptáculo seminal concomitantemente ao pênis o que caracteriza o imposex. Como o imposex só se manifesta em moluscos expostos a compostos organoestânicos tipicamente encontrados em portos, marinas, estaleiros e locais com grande fluxo de embarcações atribui-se a origem dessa contaminação provavelmente a um estaleiro localizado nas proximidades da área de coleta.

Ítalo Braga de Castro; Carlos Augusto Oliveira de Meirelles; Helena Matthews-Cascon; Cristina de Almeida Rocha-Barreira; Pablo Penchaszadeh; Gregório Bigatti

2008-01-01

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Imposex in endemic volutid from Northeast Brazil (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O imposex caracteriza-se pelo surgimento de estruturas sexuais masculinas, em fêmeas de gastrópodes. Cerca de 120 espécies de moluscos que exibem o fenômeno quando expostas a contaminação por compostos orgânicos de estanho tais como o Tributilestanho (TBT) e o Trifenilestanho (TPT). Esses compostos são utilizados, sobretudo em embarcações, no intuito de evitar a bioincrustração que danifica as embarcações e eleva os custos das viagens marítimas. No Brasil s (more) e conhecem 5 espécies de moluscos gastrópodes que manifestam imposex, são elas: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium parthenopeum e Olivancillaria vesica. No Nordeste, monitoramentos da contaminação por organoestânicos foram realizados utilizando o imposex em gastrópodes como biomarcador. O presente estudo tem por objetivo notificar a primeira ocorrência de imposex na espécie endêmica do Nordeste brasileiro, Voluta ebraea. De um total de 11 animais observados, duas fêmeas apresentaram imposex, provenientes da Praia do Pacheco no litoral do Ceará. Observou-se nesses indivíduos a presença de glândula de cápsulas, ovidutos e receptáculo seminal concomitantemente ao pênis o que caracteriza o imposex. Como o imposex só se manifesta em moluscos expostos a compostos organoestânicos tipicamente encontrados em portos, marinas, estaleiros e locais com grande fluxo de embarcações atribui-se a origem dessa contaminação provavelmente a um estaleiro localizado nas proximidades da área de coleta. Abstract in english Imposex is characterized by the development of masculine sexual organs in neogastropod females. Almost 120 mollusk species are known to present imposex when exposed to organic tin compounds as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT). These compounds are used as biocide agents in antifouling paints to prevent the incrustations on boats. Five gastropod species are known to present imposex in Brazil: Stramonita haemastoma, Stramonita rustica, Leucozonia nassa, Cymathium par (more) thenopeum and Olivancillaria vesica. This paper reports the first record of imposex observed in the endemic gastropod Voluta ebraea from Pacheco Beach, Northeast Brazil. Animals presenting imposex had regular female reproductive organs (capsule gland, oviduct and sperm-ingesting gland) and an abnormal penis. As imposex occurs in mollusks exposed to organotin compounds typically found at harbors, marinas, shipyards and areas with high shipping activities, probably contamination of Pacheco Beach is a consequence of a shipyard activity located in the nearest areas.

Castro, Ítalo Braga de; Meirelles, Carlos Augusto Oliveira de; Matthews-Cascon, Helena; Rocha-Barreira, Cristina de Almeida; Penchaszadeh, Pablo; Bigatti, Gregório

2008-10-01

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Cell lineage of the prototroch of Patella vulgata (Gastropoda, Mollusca).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The trochophore larva of the archaeogastropod mollusc Patella vulgata has a well-developed locomotory organ, the ciliated prototroch. This structure is formed from specific founder cells, the trochoblasts. Two methods were employed to determine the composition and cell lineage of the prototroch. Fluorescent cell-lineage tracer injection in trochoblasts and trochoblast founder cells was used to show how the various trochoblasts became incorporated into the prototroch. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study both differentiation, more specifically ciliation, of trochoblasts and localization of trochoblasts in the prototroch. The results obtained with both methods are in accordance with each other. During early development all trochoblasts involved in prototroch formation become cell cycle-arrested and develop cilia. Subsequently, the trochoblasts shift in position to form a circular prototroch and a number of trochoblasts deciliate. As a result of these processes the mature prototroch consists of a number of heavily ciliated cells as well as a number of deciliated cells. Comparison of prototrochs from a number of spiralian species shows that this structure is very conserved during evolution. The significance of this is discussed.

Damen P; Dictus WJ

1994-04-01

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Phylogenetic analysis of Biomphalaria tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english Mitochondrial DNA of Biomphalaria tenagophila, a mollusc intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Brazil, was sequenced and characterised. The genome size found for B. tenagophila was 13,722 bp and contained 13 messenger RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs (tRNA) and two ribosomal RNAs (rRNA). In addition to sequencing, the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome organization of B. tenagophila was analysed based on its content and localization of both coding and non-coding regions, region (more) s of gene overlap and tRNA nucleotide sequences. Sequences of protein, rRNA 12S and rRNA 16S nucleotides as well as gene organization were compared between B. tenagophila and Biomphalaria glabrata, as the latter is the most important S. mansoni intermediate host in Brazil. Differences between such species were observed regarding rRNA composition. The complete sequence of the B. tenagophila mitochondrial genome was deposited in GenBank (accession EF433576). Furthermore, phylogenetic relationships were estimated among 28 mollusc species, which had their complete mitochondrial genome deposited in GenBank, using the neighbour-joining method, maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood bootstrap. B. tenagophila was positioned at a branch close to B. glabrata and Pulmonata molluscs, collectively comprising a paraphyletic group, contrary to Opistobranchia, which was positioned at a single branch and constituted a monophyletic group.

Jannotti-Passos, Liana K; Ruiz, Jeronimo C; Caldeira, Roberta L; Murta, Silvane MF; Coelho, Paulo Marcos Z; Carvalho, Omar S

2010-07-01

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Phylogenetic analysis of Biomphalaria tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available Mitochondrial DNA of Biomphalaria tenagophila, a mollusc intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni in Brazil, was sequenced and characterised. The genome size found for B. tenagophila was 13,722 bp and contained 13 messenger RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs (tRNA) and two ribosomal RNAs (rRNA). In addition to sequencing, the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome organization of B. tenagophila was analysed based on its content and localization of both coding and non-coding regions, regions of gene overlap and tRNA nucleotide sequences. Sequences of protein, rRNA 12S and rRNA 16S nucleotides as well as gene organization were compared between B. tenagophila and Biomphalaria glabrata, as the latter is the most important S. mansoni intermediate host in Brazil. Differences between such species were observed regarding rRNA composition. The complete sequence of the B. tenagophila mitochondrial genome was deposited in GenBank (accession EF433576). Furthermore, phylogenetic relationships were estimated among 28 mollusc species, which had their complete mitochondrial genome deposited in GenBank, using the neighbour-joining method, maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood bootstrap. B. tenagophila was positioned at a branch close to B. glabrata and Pulmonata molluscs, collectively comprising a paraphyletic group, contrary to Opistobranchia, which was positioned at a single branch and constituted a monophyletic group.

Liana K Jannotti-Passos; Jeronimo C Ruiz; Roberta L Caldeira; Silvane MF Murta; Paulo Marcos Z Coelho; Omar S Carvalho

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Recharacterization of Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora, Subulinidae)  

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Full Text Available Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer, 1846) is characterized by anatomy, synonymy and geographical distribution. Shell and soft parts were studied and important taxonomic characters evaluated and illustrated. These studies give conditions to characterize the species and include it in the genus Synapterpes Pilsbry, 1896 and distinguish S. hanleyi from the other species of Synapterpes s.s. known only by their shells, respectively from Brazil and Colombia: S.(S.) coronatus (Pfeiffer, 1846) and S.(S.) wallisi (Mousson, 1869).

Norma Campos Salgado; Arnaldo C. dos Santos Coelho

1999-01-01

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Recharacterization of Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora, Subulinidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Synapterpes (S.) hanleyi (Pfeiffer, 1846) is characterized by anatomy, synonymy and geographical distribution. Shell and soft parts were studied and important taxonomic characters evaluated and illustrated. These studies give conditions to characterize the species and include it in the genus Synapterpes Pilsbry, 1896 and distinguish S. hanleyi from the other species of Synapterpes s.s. known only by their shells, respectively from Brazil and Colombia: S.(S.) coronatus (Pfeiffer, 1846) and S.(S.) wallisi (Mousson, 1869).

Salgado, Norma Campos; Coelho, Arnaldo C. dos Santos

1999-01-01

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Loss of Trematode Parthenitae in Planorbella trivolvis (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract :? Infection by trematode parthenitae (larval, asexual trematodes) has severe consequences for molluscan hosts, resulting in cessation of reproduction and early mortality. Here we present evidence that the freshwater snail Planorbella trivolvis can lose infections by trematode parthenitae. Of 8 P. trivolvis infected by reniferin parthenitae, 6 died within 2 wk, whereas the remaining 2 snails lost their infections within 82 days after initial examination. This phenomenon might suggest that molluscs can resist established trematode infections (i.e., "self-cure") or at least out-survive some trematode parthenitae.

Sears BF; Rohr JR

2013-08-01

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Microanatomy and ultrastructure of the protonephridial system in the larva of the limpet, Patella vulgata L. (Mollusca, Patellogastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The microanatomy and ultrastructure of the larval excretory system of Patella vulgata L., 1758 has been examined by means of semithin and ultrathin serial sections, reconstructions, and transmission electron microscopy. The protonephridial system appears after torsion and consists of two terminal flame bulbs with narrow, ciliated ducts. Whereas the polyciliary terminal cells (cyrtocytes) are only slightly asymmetrically placed below the mantle cavity, the distal excretory ducts and their openings show remarkable asymmetry due to torsion. Further larval ultrafiltration sites with identical fine-structure (meandering slits with diaphragms covered by extracellular matrix) are present in the solitary rhogocytes (pore cells). The presence of larval protonephridia is regarded as plesiomorphic for Mollusca and the Trochozoa (Spiralia) as a whole and the specific conditions (asymmetry, simplicity) in Patella are probably plesiomorphic for the Gastropoda.

Haszprunar G; Ruthensteiner B

2000-01-01

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Nova espécie de Thaumastus da Floresta Atlântica do Paraná, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimuloidea)/ New species of Thaumastus from Atlantic Forest of Paraná, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimuloidea)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Thaumastus straubei sp. nov. é descrita da Floresta Atlântica do Estado do Paraná, Brasil. A atribuição genérica baseou-se a partir de análise morfológica da concha, rádula, mandíbula e das partes moles, evidenciando características únicas e exclusivas que permitem a distinção das demais espécies do gênero conhecidas até o momento. Abstract in english Thaumastus straubei sp. nov. is described from Atlantic Forest of state of Paraná, Brazil. The generic attribution came from morphological analysis of the shell, radula, jaw and soft parts showing unique and exclusive features that allow distinction from all others species of genus known so far.

Colley, Eduardo

2012-03-01

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Ciclo gonádico de Tegula aureotincta (Mollusca: Gastropoda) en Bahía Asunción, Baja California Sur, México/ Gonadal cycle of Tegula aureotincta (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in Bahía Asunción, Baja California Sur, Mexico  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se describe el ciclo gonádico de Tegula aureotincta en Bahía Asunción Baja California Sur. Se recolectaron mensualmente de 25 a 30 organismos de enero a diciembre de 2006. Estos fueron procesados con la técnica histológica de inclusión en parafina, el tejido de la gónada se cortó a 7 ?m de grosor, los cortes fueron teñidos mediante la técnica de Hematoxilina-Eosina. La proporción de sexosfue 1:1, tanto hembras como machos presentaron todo el año gametogé (more) nesis y madurez, con dos eventos principales de expulsión de gametos: uno en otoño-invierno y otro en primavera. La madurez y los momentos de expulsión de gametos guardan aparentemente estrecha relación con los cambios estacionales de la temperatura. Abstract in english The histological gonadal cycle of Tegula aureotincta was determined at Bahia Asuncion Baja California Sur. Monthly samples of 25 to 30 organisms were collected from January to December 2006. They were processed by histological technique, embedded in paraffin, sections 7- ?m thick were stained with hematoxylin-eosin.The sex ratio was 1:1. Both sexes presented gametogénesis and maturity stages the year through. Two major spawning events were identified in autumn-winte (more) r and spring. The maturity and spawning times have close relations with the seasonal change of sea water temperature.

Vélez-Arellano, Nurenskaya; Mendoza-Santana, Laura E.; Ortíz-Ordóñez, Esperanza; Guzmán del Proó, Sergio A.

2011-08-01

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Evolutionary position of Peruvian land snails (Orthalicidae) among Stylommatophora (Mollusca: Gastropoda) Posición evolutiva de caracoles terrestres peruanos (Orthalicidae) entre los Stylommatophora (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available The genera Bostryx and Scutalus (Orthalicidae: Bulimulinae) are endemics from South America. They are mainly distributed on the western slopes of the Peruvian Andes. The goal of the present work was to assess their evolutionary position among the stylommatophoran gastropods based on the 16S rRNA mitochondrial marker. Four sequences were obtained, and along with 28 sequences of other Stylommatophora retrieved from the GenBank, were aligned with ClustalX. The phylogenetic reconstruction was carried out using the methods of Neighbor-Joining, Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian inference. The multiple sequence alignment had 371 sites, with indels. The two genera of the family Orthalicidae for the first time included in a molecular phylogeny (Bostryx and Scutalus), formed a monophyletic group along with another member of the superfamily Orthalicoidea (Placostylus), result that is comparable with that obtained with nuclear markers. Their evolutionary relationship with other land snails is also discussed.Los géneros Bostryx y Scutalus (Orthalicidae: Bulimulinae) son endémicos de América del Sur y están principalmente distribuidos en la vertiente occidental de los Andes del Perú. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar su posición evolutiva dentro de los gastrópodos Stylommatophora basada en el marcador mitocondrial 16S rRNA. Fueron obtenidas cuatro secuencias las que, junto con 28 de otros Stylommatophora disponibles en el GenBank, fueron alineadas con ClustalX. La reconstrucción filogenética se realizó mediante los métodos de Neighbor-Joining, Máxima Parsimonia, Máxima Verosimilitud e Inferencia Bayesiana. El alineamiento resultó en 371 sitios, con presencia de indels. Los dos géneros de la Familia Orthalicidae por primera vez incluidos en una filogenia molecular (Bostryx y Scutalus), formaron un grupo monofilético con otro miembro de la superfamilia Orthalicoidea (Placostylus), tal como lo obtenido con marcadores nucleares. Se discute también su relación evolutiva con otros caracoles terrestres.

Jorge Ramirez; Rina Ramírez; Pedro Romero; Ana Chumbe; Pablo Ramírez

2011-01-01

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La Familia Trochidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) en el norte de Chile: consideraciones ecológicas y taxonómicas/ The trochidae family (Mollusca : Gastropoda) in northern Chile: taxonomic and ecological considerations  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este estudio describe la diversidad, y la distribución latitudinal y batimétrica de los caracoles de la Familia Trochidae en el norte de Chile, mediante muestreos intermareales y submareales someros, realizados entre 1996 y 1999 entre Arica (18º S) y Los Vilos (31º S), y de muestras de profundidad provenientes de la pesca de arrastre del camarón nylon, Heterocarpus reedi. En el norte de Chile, la Familia Trochidae está representada por cuatro géneros: Tegula y Dilo (more) ma de distribución intermareal y submareal somero hasta los 20 m de profundidad, y Bathybembix y Calliostoma presentes en profundidades superiores a los 200 m. El género Tegula tiene seis especies (T. quadricostata, T. luctuosa, T. ignota, T. atra, T. tridentata y T. euryomphala) distribuídas en sustratos rocosos intermareales y submarales someros. El género Diloma está representado por una especie, D. nigerrima, de distribución intermareal hasta pocos metros de profundidad. El género Calliostoma tiene dos especies C. chilena y C. delli, las que se distribuyen entre 200 y 750 m de profundidad. Finalmente, el género Bathybembix está representado por B. humboldti y B. macdonaldi distribuídas entre 200 y 1480 m de profundidad. Esta segregación batimétrica parece estar relacionada a las estrategias alimentarias de cada uno de los géneros de la familia Trochidae. Diloma y Tegula son herbívoros, las especies del género Bathybembix son alimentadoras de depósito y las de Calliostoma son carnívoras Abstract in english This study reveals the diversity, and the bathimetric and latitudinal distribution of the snails of the Trochidae family members in northern Chile, throughout the analysis of all Trochidae gastropods entailed in intertidal and subtidal (from the `camarón naylon' fishery) samples collected during 1996 and 1999 between Arica (ca 18º S) and Los Vilos (ca 31º S). The Trochidae family in northern Chile have four genus: Tegula and Diloma that are distributed on intertidal an (more) d shallow subtidal habitats, and Calliostoma and Bathybembix which occurr at dephts greather than 200 m. Tegula have 6 species: T. quadricostata, T. luctuosa, T. ignota, T. atra, T. tridentata, and T. euryomphala are distributed on intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats. Diloma is a monospecific genus, whereas D. nigerrima is an intertidal species. The genus Calliostoma have two species C. chilena and C. delli occurring between 200 and 750 m depth and the Bathybembix with two species, B. Humboldti and B. macdonaldi, distributed between 200 and 1480 m depth. The bathimetric distribution of Trochidae shows a strong correlation with food strategy: Diloma and Tegula are herbivores, while Bathybembix species are deposit feeders and Calliostoma are carnivores

VELIZ, DAVID; VASQUEZ, JULIO A

2000-12-01

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Nova espécie de Thaumastus da Floresta Atlântica do Paraná, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimuloidea) New species of Thaumastus from Atlantic Forest of Paraná, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Bulimuloidea)  

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Full Text Available Thaumastus straubei sp. nov. é descrita da Floresta Atlântica do Estado do Paraná, Brasil. A atribuição genérica baseou-se a partir de análise morfológica da concha, rádula, mandíbula e das partes moles, evidenciando características únicas e exclusivas que permitem a distinção das demais espécies do gênero conhecidas até o momento.Thaumastus straubei sp. nov. is described from Atlantic Forest of state of Paraná, Brazil. The generic attribution came from morphological analysis of the shell, radula, jaw and soft parts showing unique and exclusive features that allow distinction from all others species of genus known so far.

Eduardo Colley

2012-01-01

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Sex change in the Mollusca.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sex change in the Mollusca is almost exclusively protandric (male to female), and has only been reported among gastropods and bivalves. The adaptive value of protandry in these two classes most likely relates to the limited availability of females, and the consequent size-independent nature of male reproductive success (versus the size-dependent nature of reproductive success in females). In two well studied distantly related prosobranch gastropod superfamilies, Calyptracea and Patellacea, individuals of some species respond to local ecological changes by altering the age at which they change sex, although the critical ecological changes appear to be different. The physiological switch that activates sex change also appears to be different: it is found in the cemtral nervous system of the calyptracean Crepidula fornicata, and actually within the gonads of the patellacean Patella vulgata. Although the taxonomic breadth of studies on sex change is necessarily limited, and many questions remain to be answered, research on the Mollusca has produced a remarkable range of perspectives on sex change - from evolutionary to proximal; further research will benefit greatly from this breadth of knowledge.

Wright WG

1988-06-01

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A NEW SPECIES OF DIAPHANA FROM BATHYAL DEPTHS IN THE WEDDELL SEA, ANTARCTICA AND FIRST RECORD OF DIAPHANA INFLATA (STREBEL, 1908) IN THE HIGH ANTARCTIC (GASTROPODA: OPISTHOBRANCHIA).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Diaphana haini n.sp. is described from Antarctica. With a depth range from about 400 to 2100 m, D. haini is the second Antarctic species of this genus to extend into the deep sea, the other being D. inflata (Strebel, 1908). Phylogenetic analysis has allowed D. haini to be incorporated within Schiøtte's (1998) cladogram for this genus and, thereby clarify its historical zoogeography. A record of D. inflata from the Weddell Sea extends its known distribution range. The recorded geographic distribution now ranges from South Georgia to the Antarctic continent, and the depth range is extended considerably, from 252-310 m to 1645 m.

Linse K; SchiØtte T

2002-05-01

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Evaluation of the cholinomimetic actions of trimethylsulfonium, a compound present in the midgut gland of the sea hare Aplysia brasiliana (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia)  

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Full Text Available Trimethylsulfonium, a compound present in the midgut gland of the sea hare Aplysia brasiliana, negatively modulates vagal response, indicating a probable ability to inhibit cholinergic responses. In the present study, the pharmacological profile of trimethylsulfonium was characterized on muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In rat jejunum the contractile response induced by trimethylsulfonium (pD2 = 2.46 ± 0.12 and maximal response = 2.14 ± 0.32 g) was not antagonized competitively by atropine. The maximal response (Emax) to trimethylsulfonium was diminished in the presence of increasing doses of atropine (P<0.05), suggesting that trimethylsulfonium-induced contraction was not related to muscarinic stimulation, but might be caused by acetylcholine release due to presynaptic stimulation. Trimethylsulfonium displaced [³H]-quinuclidinyl benzilate from rat cortex membranes with a low affinity (Ki = 0.5 mM). Furthermore, it caused contraction of frog rectus abdominis muscles (pD2 = 2.70 ± 0.06 and Emax = 4.16 ± 0.9 g), which was competitively antagonized by d-tubocurarine (1, 3 or 10 µM) with a pA2 of 5.79, suggesting a positive interaction with nicotinic receptors. In fact, trimethylsulfonium displaced [³H]-nicotine from rat diaphragm muscle membranes with a Ki of 27.1 µM. These results suggest that trimethylsulfonium acts as an agonist on nicotinic receptors, and thus contracts frog skeletal rectus abdominis muscle and rat jejunum smooth muscle via stimulation of postjunctional and neuronal prejunctional nicotinic cholinoreceptors, respectively.

Kerchove C.M.; Markus R.P.; Freitas J.C.; Costa-Lotufo L.V.

2002-01-01

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Evaluation of the cholinomimetic actions of trimethylsulfonium, a compound present in the midgut gland of the sea hare Aplysia brasiliana (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Trimethylsulfonium, a compound present in the midgut gland of the sea hare Aplysia brasiliana, negatively modulates vagal response, indicating a probable ability to inhibit cholinergic responses. In the present study, the pharmacological profile of trimethylsulfonium was characterized on muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In rat jejunum the contractile response induced by trimethylsulfonium (pD2 = 2.46 ± 0.12 and maximal response = 2.14 ± 0.32 g) was not (more) antagonized competitively by atropine. The maximal response (Emax) to trimethylsulfonium was diminished in the presence of increasing doses of atropine (P

Kerchove, C.M.; Markus, R.P.; Freitas, J.C.; Costa-Lotufo, L.V.

2002-04-01

34

Population genetics of Haminoea (Haloa) japonica Pilsbry, 1895, a widespread non-indigenous sea slug (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) in North America and Europe  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Haminoea japonica is an opisthobranch mollusk with a large non-indigenous range. This species is a vector for a parasite that causes the human skin disease cercarial dermatitis, and may have negative effects on populations of native species. Molecular evidence from the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene and the histone 3 nuclear gene indicates that previously published morphology-based hypotheses on the spread of H. japonica out of Japan are correct. The most likely explanation for the current range of the species, which includes Japan, Korea, France, Spain, Italy, Canada and the USA is a recent, human-mediated dispersal from Japanese populations. The highest levels of nucleotide and haplotype diversity are found in Japan. Non-indigenous populations have low levels of genetic diversity (indicating bottlenecking). Haplotypes that were detected in the non-indigenous range of H. japonica have only been found in two localities in the native range; these two localities are in north-eastern Japan. In addition, the haplotype network structure and Spatial Analysis of Molecular Variance results confirm the origins of non-indigenous populations most likely trace to north-eastern Japan, which is where most Pacific oyster exports to North America also originated. Because there are no major shipping ports in north-eastern Japan, ballast water is less likely to be the mechanism of dispersal. The results of this study provide important data for the development of policies and regulations aimed to prevent further spread of this species in non-indigenous ranges.

Hanson D; Hirano Y; Valdés Á

2013-02-01

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Variación espacio-temporal de Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea y Holothuroidea, de fondos someros de la isla San José, Golfo de California  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se realizaron seis expediciones a la isla San José, Golfo de California entre los años 1999 y 2000 en donde se llevaron a cabo las observaciones y muestreos. Con base en los muestreos se determinó el componente específico de tres filos de macroinvertebrados bentónicos en nueve localidades: Cnidaria (Scleractinia y Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia y Cephalopoda), y Echinodermata (Echinoidea, Asteroidea y Holothuroidea). La abundancia del macrobentos conspic (more) uo se estimó visualmente mediante buceo libre a una profundidad entre 2 y 6 m a lo largo de dos transectos en banda paralelos a la línea de costa. Se determinó un total de 38 táxones de los tres grupos. Las especies más abundantes son Tripneustes depressus (44,9%), Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3), Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la diversidad (H?), equidad (J) y riqueza de especies (S) entre los meses y localidades. El análisis de similitud identificó a dos grupos de las localidades del litoral oriental y occidental. Abstract in english Space-time variation of Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea, from shallow bottom in San Jose Island, Gulf of California. Between the years 1999 and 2000, six expeditions were made to Isla San José, in the Gulf of California. Observations and samples were taken of benthic macroinvertebrates in nine locations. Based on the samples, the specific components of three phyla were determined: Cnidaria (Scleractini (more) a and Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Cephalopoda), and Echinodermata (Echinoidea and Holothuroidea). The abundance of conspicuous benthic macroinvertebrates was visually estimated through free dives at a depth of between two and six meters along two transects parallel to the coast. A total of 38 taxa in three groups were determined. The most abundant species are Tripneustes depressus (44,9%),Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3%),Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No significant differences between diversity (H?), equity (J) and richness of the species (S) during the months and site of study. The similarity analysis identified two groups from locations of the eastern and western coasts. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1189-1199. Epub 2008 September 30.

Holguin Quiñones, Oscar Efraín; González Medina, Felipe de Jesús; Solís Marín, Francisco; Félix Pico, Esteban F

2008-09-01

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Variación espacio-temporal de Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea y Holothuroidea, de fondos someros de la isla San José, Golfo de California  

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Full Text Available Se realizaron seis expediciones a la isla San José, Golfo de California entre los años 1999 y 2000 en donde se llevaron a cabo las observaciones y muestreos. Con base en los muestreos se determinó el componente específico de tres filos de macroinvertebrados bentónicos en nueve localidades: Cnidaria (Scleractinia y Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia y Cephalopoda), y Echinodermata (Echinoidea, Asteroidea y Holothuroidea). La abundancia del macrobentos conspicuo se estimó visualmente mediante buceo libre a una profundidad entre 2 y 6 m a lo largo de dos transectos en banda paralelos a la línea de costa. Se determinó un total de 38 táxones de los tres grupos. Las especies más abundantes son Tripneustes depressus (44,9%), Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3), Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la diversidad (H’), equidad (J) y riqueza de especies (S) entre los meses y localidades. El análisis de similitud identificó a dos grupos de las localidades del litoral oriental y occidental.Space-time variation of Scleractinia, Gorgonacea, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Cephalopoda, Asteroidea, Echinoidea and Holothuroidea, from shallow bottom in San Jose Island, Gulf of California. Between the years 1999 and 2000, six expeditions were made to Isla San José, in the Gulf of California. Observations and samples were taken of benthic macroinvertebrates in nine locations. Based on the samples, the specific components of three phyla were determined: Cnidaria (Scleractinia and Gorgonacea), Mollusca (Gastropoda, Bivalvia and Cephalopoda), and Echinodermata (Echinoidea and Holothuroidea). The abundance of conspicuous benthic macroinvertebrates was visually estimated through free dives at a depth of between two and six meters along two transects parallel to the coast. A total of 38 taxa in three groups were determined. The most abundant species are Tripneustes depressus (44,9%),Echinometra vanbruntii (18,3%),Phataria unifascialis (8,9%), Centrostephanus coronatus (8,0%), Diadema mexicanum (5%) y Eucidaris thouarsii (3,6%). No significant differences between diversity (H’), equity (J) and richness of the species (S) during the months and site of study. The similarity analysis identified two groups from locations of the eastern and western coasts. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1189-1199. Epub 2008 September 30.

Oscar Efraín Holguin Quiñones; Felipe de Jesús González Medina; Francisco Solís Marín; Esteban F Félix Pico

2008-01-01

37

[Localization of biogenic amines in the central nervous system of Crepidula fornicata (Phil.), Mollusca, Gastropoda, Prosobrancha  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Two categories of neurones at least can be demonstrated in Crepidula fornicata, some containing catecholamines (DA) others indolamines (5 HT). These cells, which are well localized, are often close to azanophilous neurosecretory cells but nevertheless distinct from the latter.

Catania R

1978-05-01

38

Characterization of the bacterial microbiota of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Brazil.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: Roughly 200 000 000 people in 74 countries infected with schistosomes all share the fact that they came in contact freshwater harbouring infected snails. The aim of the study is to characterize the microbiota of wild and laboratory-reared snails of Biomphalaria glabrata from Pernambuco, Brazil. The microbiota of these molluscs was identified biochemically by the VITEK 2 automated microbiological system. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by the disc diffusion method with ß-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, quinolones, folate pathway inhibitors, fenicols and tetracyclines. The results showed that all bacteria identified were gram-negative, including 11 bacterial genera: Aeromonas, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Cupriavidus, Rhizobium, Stenotrophomonas, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Vibrio and Sphingomonas. Regarding the antimicrobial susceptibility, all the isolates exhibited resistance to amoxicillin and sensitivity to meropenem (beta-lactam antimicrobials). The microbiota of the wild snails consisted predominantly of Enterobacter cloacae, while the laboratory-reared snails predominantly showed Citrobacter freundii and Aeromonas sobria. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Biomphalaria glabrata is a Brazilian freshwater Planorbidae of great medical relevance as an intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni. About a month after being infected by one or more miracidia larvae of a compatible schistosome, B. glabrata sheds thousands of cercariae into the water where they seek human skin and, if successful, penetrate to establish infection, eventually taking up residence and maturing in blood vessels of the small intestine. Results obtained from this study aim at targeting novel biological control strategies for schistosomiasis such as paratransgenesis. This is the first study on the microbiota of B. glabrata from Brazil.

Silva TM; Melo ES; Lopes AC; Veras DL; Duarte CR; Alves LC; Brayner FA

2013-07-01

39

Patterns of diversity of the Rissoidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean region.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The geographical distribution of the Rissoidae in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea was compiled and is up-to-date until July 2011. All species were classified according to their mode of larval development (planktotrophic and nonplanktotrophic), and bathymetrical zonation (shallow species--those living between the intertidal and 50?m depth, and deep species--those usually living below 50?m depth). 542 species of Rissoidae are presently reported to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to 33 genera. The Mediterranean Sea is the most diverse site, followed by Canary Islands, Caribbean, Portugal, and Cape Verde. The Mediterranean and Cape Verde Islands are the sites with higher numbers of endemic species, with predominance of Alvania spp. in the first site, and of Alvania and Schwartziella at Cape Verde. In spite of the large number of rissoids at Madeira archipelago, a large number of species are shared with Canaries, Selvagens, and the Azores, thus only about 8% are endemic to the Madeira archipelago. Most of the 542-rissoid species that live in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean are shallow species (323), 110 are considered as deep species, and 23 species are reported in both shallow and deep waters. There is a predominance of nonplanktotrophs in islands, seamounts, and at high and medium latitudes. This pattern is particularly evident in the genera Crisilla, Manzonia, Onoba, Porosalvania, Schwartziella, and Setia. Planktotrophic species are more abundant in the eastern Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea. The results of the analysis of the probable directions of faunal flows support the patterns found by both the Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity and the geographical distribution. Four main source areas for rissoids emerge: Mediterranean, Caribbean, Canaries/Madeira archipelagos, and the Cape Verde archipelago. We must stress the high percentage of endemics that occurs in the isolated islands of Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Cape Verde archipelago and also the Azores, thus reinforcing the legislative protective actions that the local governments have implemented in these islands during the recent years.

Ávila SP; Goud J; de Frias Martins AM

2012-01-01

40

Annotated type catalogue of the Amphibulimidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea) in the Natural History Museum, London  

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Full Text Available The type status is described of 39 taxa classified within the family Amphibulimidae (superfamily Orthalicoidea) and kept in the London museum. One taxon, Bulimus elaeodes Pfeiffer, 1853, is removed to the Strophocheilidae. Lectotypes are designated for Bulimus adoptus Reeve, 1849; Bulimus (Eurytus) eros Angas, 1878; Helix onca d’Orbigny, 1835; Amphibulima pardalina Guppy, 1868. The type status of the following taxon is changed to lectotype in accordance with Art. 74.6 ICZN: Strophocheilus (Dryptus) jubeus Fulton, 1908.As general introduction to this and following papers on Orthalicoid types in the Natural History Museum, a brief history of the London collection is given and several examples of handwriting from different authors are presented.

Abraham Breure; Jonathan Ablett

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Annotated type catalogue of the Amphibulimidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Orthalicoidea) in the Natural History Museum, London.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The type status is described of 39 taxa classified within the family Amphibulimidae (superfamily Orthalicoidea) and kept in the London museum. One taxon, Bulimus elaeodes Pfeiffer, 1853, is removed to the Strophocheilidae. Lectotypes are designated for Bulimus adoptus Reeve, 1849; Bulimus (Eurytus) eros Angas, 1878; Helix onca d'Orbigny, 1835; Amphibulima pardalina Guppy, 1868. The type status of the following taxon is changed to lectotype in accordance with Art. 74.6 ICZN: Strophocheilus (Dryptus) jubeus Fulton, 1908.As general introduction to this and following papers on Orthalicoid types in the Natural History Museum, a brief history of the London collection is given and several examples of handwriting from different authors are presented.

Breure AS; Ablett JD

2011-01-01

42

Estudo morfométrico da concha de Lymnaea columella say, 1817 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Foram estudadas variações morfométricas de conchas de L. columella, provenientes de dez criadouros localizados nos seguintes municípios do Estado de São Paulo: - Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava e Taubaté. Foram analisados os diferentes tipos de ambientes onde as limneas são encontradas com maior freqüência, estabelecendo-se a época do ano com maior abundância em espécimes, que correspondeu aos meses de julho a outubro. As medidas nas conh (more) as dos diferentes criadouros referiram-se ao comprimento e largura da concha, comprimento e largura da abertura, comprimento da espira e número de voltas. Foram estabelecidos os coeficientes de correlação e de regressão e realizadas análises de variância entre as medidas tomadas e os índices obtidos da relação entre largura/comprimento da concha. Estas conchas foram comparadas com as de L. columella, L. viator, L. cubensis da coleção do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Para a maioria das medidas as conchas mostraram proporções constantes, embora apresentassem diferenças em relação ao desenvolvimento. A maior variação foi observada em relação ao comprimento da espira. As variações morfométricas das conchas foram relacionadas com alguns fatores externos como pH, alcalinidade, dureza e teor da água. Aparentemente apenas a dureza total da água influiu na consistência das conchas. Abstract in english Shells of Lymnaea columella from ten populations from the State of São Paulo were studied to determine morphometric variation. Samples were collected in the following municipalities: Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava and Taubaté. Five measurements were taken from each shell: length and width of the shell, length and width of the aperture and lenght of the spire. Two ratios were also established: width/lenght of the shell and length of the aperture /l (more) ength of the shell. The numbers of whorls and the length of the shell were also determined. Statistical tests (correlation coeficients, regression, and analysis of variance) were used to compare the different samples. Also, com parisons of L. columella shells collected by us were made with those of L. columella, L. viator and L. cubensis from collections deposited in the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. The results of these studies revealed that in most of the cases the snail populations of different areas were similar, showing constant proportions, but they diverged in their absolute dimensions. Data on aquatic environmental conditions (pH, alkalinity, hardness, and calcium concentration) were also obtained. These Chemical factors were examined with respect to shell morphology. Our results revealed that only hardness of water was associated with the robustness of the shells.

Ueta, Marlene T.

1980-12-01

43

Estudo morfométrico da concha de Lymnaea columella say, 1817 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

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Full Text Available Foram estudadas variações morfométricas de conchas de L. columella, provenientes de dez criadouros localizados nos seguintes municípios do Estado de São Paulo: - Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava e Taubaté. Foram analisados os diferentes tipos de ambientes onde as limneas são encontradas com maior freqüência, estabelecendo-se a época do ano com maior abundância em espécimes, que correspondeu aos meses de julho a outubro. As medidas nas conhas dos diferentes criadouros referiram-se ao comprimento e largura da concha, comprimento e largura da abertura, comprimento da espira e número de voltas. Foram estabelecidos os coeficientes de correlação e de regressão e realizadas análises de variância entre as medidas tomadas e os índices obtidos da relação entre largura/comprimento da concha. Estas conchas foram comparadas com as de L. columella, L. viator, L. cubensis da coleção do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Para a maioria das medidas as conchas mostraram proporções constantes, embora apresentassem diferenças em relação ao desenvolvimento. A maior variação foi observada em relação ao comprimento da espira. As variações morfométricas das conchas foram relacionadas com alguns fatores externos como pH, alcalinidade, dureza e teor da água. Aparentemente apenas a dureza total da água influiu na consistência das conchas.Shells of Lymnaea columella from ten populations from the State of São Paulo were studied to determine morphometric variation. Samples were collected in the following municipalities: Campinas, Americana, Atibaia, Pirassununga, Caçapava and Taubaté. Five measurements were taken from each shell: length and width of the shell, length and width of the aperture and lenght of the spire. Two ratios were also established: width/lenght of the shell and length of the aperture /length of the shell. The numbers of whorls and the length of the shell were also determined. Statistical tests (correlation coeficients, regression, and analysis of variance) were used to compare the different samples. Also, com parisons of L. columella shells collected by us were made with those of L. columella, L. viator and L. cubensis from collections deposited in the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. The results of these studies revealed that in most of the cases the snail populations of different areas were similar, showing constant proportions, but they diverged in their absolute dimensions. Data on aquatic environmental conditions (pH, alkalinity, hardness, and calcium concentration) were also obtained. These Chemical factors were examined with respect to shell morphology. Our results revealed that only hardness of water was associated with the robustness of the shells.

Marlene T. Ueta

1980-01-01

44

Actividad molusquicida in vitro de Momordica charantia L. (¨Cundeamor¨) contra Fossaria cubensis (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae).  

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Full Text Available RESUMENObjetivo: determinar las perspectivas del uso del jugo vegetal extraído de Momordica charantia L. (Cundeamor), en el control de Fossaria cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1839) principal hospedero de Fasciola hepatica en Cuba.ABSTRACTTo determine the perspectives the use of the juice extracted from the Momordica charantia L.

Diéguez Fernández, L; Piña Pérez, M; Abreu Guirado, O; Vásquez Capote, R; Rodríguez de la Vega, R

2012-01-01

45

Histologia da glândula de albúmen de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

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Full Text Available In this paper the authors give a histological analysis of the albumen gland of mature and immature females of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). In the immaturity, tthe gland doesn't show any secretory activity, although in the maturity this activity is indicated by the presence of a homogeneous and eosinophilic material in its lumen. We could notice in the capsule gland of matures females a calcareous element is present as a granular and basophilic deposit. The albumen gland is envolved by a thin conjunctive layer that can be seen in van Gieson's coloured preparations.

Eliane de Fátima Marques de Mesquita; Arnaldo Campos dos Santos Coelho; Jefferson Andrade dos Santos

1990-01-01

46

Anatomia e histologia do conduto genital feminino de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In this paper the authors give an anatomical and histological analysis of the genital duct in mature and immature females of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). Anatomically, the vagina has an equal dimension in its extension, varying in form and volume, according to the maturation period. In the immaturity, it has a smaller diameter and volume. In the maturity, the vagina increases in volume, having the aspect of a tumescent organ, and in certain specimens shows an alb (more) uminous pink thread in its lumen. Histologically, the calcigenic activity of the gland is evidentiated by the presence of an amorphous and basophilic mass, without nuclear material. This material has a fragmented aspect in the vagina lumen that reacts positively in van Kossa's coloured preparations for calcareous salts.

Mesquita, Eliana de Fátima Marques de; Coelho, Arnaldo Campos dos Santos; Santos, Jefferson Andrade dos

1990-01-01

47

Anatomia e histologia do aparelho reprodutor masculino de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In this paper the authors give an anatomical and histological analysis of the male reproductive system of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). Anatomically, the testis is better evidentiated than the ovary. In the structure of the testis a great number of very small channels converges to a single one. The male copulatory organs result of transformations that take place in the inner surface on the palial membrane. Histologically, the testis of immature males shows seminif (more) erous ducts with round egg-shaped forms. In their lumens we could notice masses of cells that will originate spermatozoids. The penis has a conjunctive muscular sheath that can be seen in van Gieson's coloured preparations.

Mesquita, Eliana de Fátima Marques de; Coelho, Arnaldo Campos dos Santos; Santos, Jefferson Andrade dos

1990-01-01

48

Anatomia e histologia do conduto genital feminino de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper the authors give an anatomical and histological analysis of the genital duct in mature and immature females of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). Anatomically, the vagina has an equal dimension in its extension, varying in form and volume, according to the maturation period. In the immaturity, it has a smaller diameter and volume. In the maturity, the vagina increases in volume, having the aspect of a tumescent organ, and in certain specimens shows an albuminous pink thread in its lumen. Histologically, the calcigenic activity of the gland is evidentiated by the presence of an amorphous and basophilic mass, without nuclear material. This material has a fragmented aspect in the vagina lumen that reacts positively in van Kossa's coloured preparations for calcareous salts.

Eliana de Fátima Marques de Mesquita; Arnaldo Campos dos Santos Coelho; Jefferson Andrade dos Santos

1990-01-01

49

Histologia da glândula de albúmen de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In this paper the authors give a histological analysis of the albumen gland of mature and immature females of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). In the immaturity, tthe gland doesn't show any secretory activity, although in the maturity this activity is indicated by the presence of a homogeneous and eosinophilic material in its lumen. We could notice in the capsule gland of matures females a calcareous element is present as a granular and basophilic deposit. The albumen gland is envolved by a thin conjunctive layer that can be seen in van Gieson's coloured preparations.

Mesquita, Eliane de Fátima Marques de; Coelho, Arnaldo Campos dos Santos; Santos, Jefferson Andrade dos

1990-01-01

50

Anatomia e histologia do aparelho reprodutor masculino de Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pilidae)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper the authors give an anatomical and histological analysis of the male reproductive system of Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822). Anatomically, the testis is better evidentiated than the ovary. In the structure of the testis a great number of very small channels converges to a single one. The male copulatory organs result of transformations that take place in the inner surface on the palial membrane. Histologically, the testis of immature males shows seminiferous ducts with round egg-shaped forms. In their lumens we could notice masses of cells that will originate spermatozoids. The penis has a conjunctive muscular sheath that can be seen in van Gieson's coloured preparations.

Eliana de Fátima Marques de Mesquita; Arnaldo Campos dos Santos Coelho; Jefferson Andrade dos Santos

1990-01-01

51

Anesthesia of Biomphalaria spp. (Mollusca, Gastropoda): sodium pentobarbital is the drug of choice  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The anesthetic effect of some water-soluble anesthesic or narcotic drugs currently used in mice was tested in molluscs of the Biomphalaria genus. Sodium thiopental was very toxic to the snails resulting in high rates of mortality in all the treatment schedules tested. Cetamine base, at concentration of 0.25 mg/ml of water, resulted in partial snail anesthesia (40% of snails were anesthetized) only after 20 h of exposition. The association of Cetamine base with Tiazine chl (more) oridrate did not improve the anesthesic effect, and higher concentrations of these drugs were toxic to the snails. Sodium pentobarbital at 0.4 mg/ml in water for 8 h was the best treatment schedule to anesthetize Biomphalaria snails. In this schedule, the snails were anesthetized without any toxic effect. The procedure provides a powerful tool for in vivo studies that demande a complete state of snail anesthesia.

Martins-Sousa, RL; Negrão-Corrêa, D; Bezerra, FSM; Coelho, PMZ

2001-04-01

52

Anesthesia of Biomphalaria spp. (Mollusca, Gastropoda): sodium pentobarbital is the drug of choice  

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Full Text Available The anesthetic effect of some water-soluble anesthesic or narcotic drugs currently used in mice was tested in molluscs of the Biomphalaria genus. Sodium thiopental was very toxic to the snails resulting in high rates of mortality in all the treatment schedules tested. Cetamine base, at concentration of 0.25 mg/ml of water, resulted in partial snail anesthesia (40% of snails were anesthetized) only after 20 h of exposition. The association of Cetamine base with Tiazine chloridrate did not improve the anesthesic effect, and higher concentrations of these drugs were toxic to the snails. Sodium pentobarbital at 0.4 mg/ml in water for 8 h was the best treatment schedule to anesthetize Biomphalaria snails. In this schedule, the snails were anesthetized without any toxic effect. The procedure provides a powerful tool for in vivo studies that demande a complete state of snail anesthesia.

Martins-Sousa RL; Negrão-Corrêa D; Bezerra FSM; Coelho PMZ

2001-01-01

53

Shape and growth in European Atlantic Patella limpets (Gastropoda, Mollusca). Ecological implications for survival  

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Full Text Available Specimens of Patella intermedia, Patella rustica, Patella ulyssiponensis, and Patella vulgata were analyzed for shell and radula characteristics. Shell growth in P. rustica and P. ulyssiponensis was basically isometric, indicating that shell shape was constant during growth. On the contrary, shell growth in P. intermedia and P. vulgata was positively allometric, indicating that as shells increased in size, the base became more circular and the cone more centred and relatively higher. Radula relative size increased in the order P. ulyssiponensis, P. vulgata, P. intermedia and P. rustica, and had negative allometric growth in all species, indicating that radula grew less as shell increased in size. Data reported in the literature estimated that the lowest risk of dislodgment for a limpet is associated with a centred apex, and a (shell height)/(shell length) or (shell height)/(shell width) ratio of ca. 0.53. However, as reported for other limpets, in all four studied Patella species, shells were more eccentric and flat than this theoretical optimum. Data reported in the literature indicated that, in limpets, decreasing the (shell base perimeter)/(shell volume) or (shell surface area)/(shell volume) ratios by increasing size results in lower soft body temperature and desiccation. In the present study, P. rustica shells displayed the lowest ratios, and P. ulyssiponensis shells, the highest. Considering that the former species lives at high shore levels, and the latter species at low levels, it appeared that shell shape in European Atlantic limpets can be directly related to resistance to desiccation and high temperature stresses. Radula relative size (in relation to shell height) also increased with increasing level in the shore, suggesting that this might be due to a decreasing abundance of algae with increasing shore level.

J. Paulo Cabral

2007-01-01

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Relationships of Cretaceous Neritimorpha (Gastropoda, Mollusca), with the description of seven new species  

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Full Text Available Cretaceous Neritimorpha comprise several morphologically, ecologically, and phylogenetically distinct groups. There are three mainly Mesozoic, fully marine groups: the few relict species of Neritopsis, the limpets of the Pileolidae, and the widespread neritid Otostoma, with its axially ribbed, Nerita-shaped shells. The extant marine neritid Nerita seems to have had its origin in the Late Cretaceous; the oldest representatives known to us are from the Santonian of South Africa. There are at least four neritimorph groups present in the Cretaceous that independently adapted to brackish and freshwater. In the case of Mesoneritina this adaptation took place in the Jurassic, in the case of the Deianiridae in the mid-Cretaceous, in Schwardtina at latest in the Santonian, and in Neritoplica, which supposedly gave rise to the extant Neritininae, in the Campanian/Maastrichtian. The new species are: Nerita squiresi, Otostoma vidali, Neritoplica dockeryi, Neritoplica oppenheimi, Neritoplica trochispira, Mesoneritina ajkaensis, and Pileolus ponsi.

Bandel K; Kiel S

2003-01-01

55

Quantification of midkine gene expression in Patella caerulea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) exposed to cadmium  

Science.gov (United States)

The release of cadmium into many coastal areas represents a threat to ecosystems and human health; cadmium is carcinogenic in mammals and in both marine invertebrates and vertebrates. The use of molluscs to assess the ecologic risk associated with contaminants is strongly recommended on account of their ecological role and on their highly conserved control and regulatory pathways that are often homologous to vertebrate systems. We previously identified a midkine family protein in the limpet Patella caerulea; the midkine is a recently discovered cytokines family with unequivocal informative value on repairing injury and neoplastic processes in mammals. Here we report on midkine ( mdk) and ?-tubulin ( ?-tub) gene expression patterns in P. caerulea exposed to cadmium. Limpets, collected on two occasions from a breakwater at a marina (Tyrrhenian Sea) were exposed to sublethal cadmium concentrations (0.5 and 1 mg l -1 Cd) over a 10-day exposure period. RNA was extracted from the viscera of unexposed and exposed specimens. Real time TaqMan RT-PCR was performed to measure the relative mdk and ?-tub gene expression levels. A remarkable mdk over-expression was observed in all exposed animals with respect to unexposed ones; mdk over-expression was significantly higher in both treatments when compared with un-treatment (mean expression levels: 23- and 38-fold, for 0.5 and 1 mg l -1 Cd treatment, respectively; ANOVA, for both P < 0.01). The study also indicates that the mdk up-regulation was significantly Cd-concentration dependent ( P < 0.05). A significant up-regulation of the constitutive ?-tub gene was also observed in 1 mg l -1 Cd-treated animals (mean expression level: 4-fold; ANOVA, P < 0.05). In conclusion, these data provide the first evidence paving the way for the use of the midkine as a promising new biomarker of effect in the environment risk assessment policy.

Stillitano, Francesca; Mugelli, Alessandro; Cerbai, Elisabetta; Vanucci, Silvana

2007-10-01

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Regulated bradycardia in the pulmonate limpet Siphonaria (Gastropoda: Mollusca) during pollutant exposure: implication for biomarker studies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the cardiac activity of invertebrates is now widely used as a biomarker of marine pollution, few studies consider the intrinsic factors causing the variability of heart rate (HR), including the physiological states associated with metabolic depression and behavioural isolation. We examined the cardiac responses to copper exposure of a pulmonate limpet (Siphonaria capensis Quoy and Gaimard), known to adaptively depress heart rate (and metabolic rate) under naturally stressful conditions (hyposalinity). Analysis of variance was used to assess the effects of copper concentration (0-1000 microg/L), exposure time (0-2 h), and individual difference (eight limpets per concentration) on heart rate parameters. Minute by minute heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV), and bradycardia (< or =10 beats/min) were determined from continuous recording traces. Most of the HR variance was attributable to the interaction of concentration and individuals (35.8%). Considerably lower mean HRs for the higher range of copper concentrations (250 to 1000 microg/L), compared to the lower range (0 to 50 microg/L), were attributable to the virtually exclusive induction of bradycardia in the higher concentration treatments. With increasing concentration, bradycardia was induced sooner and became less interspersed with near normal heart rates (i.e., less episodic). This regulated bradycardial response is apparently associated with isolation (avoidance) behaviour rather than with copper uptake. These findings have implications for biomarker exercises which use heart rate, in cases where invertebrates depress metabolism. PMID:15556386

Marshall, David J; Peter, Ryan; Chown, Steven L

2004-11-01

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Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais  

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Full Text Available An annotated checklist of land snails and slugs of Nord – Pas-de-Calais region is provided. It updates the knowledge on this group on the basis of the recent checklist of the non-marine Molluscs of France and includes recent data on systematics. Each species is annotated and data on ecology, distribution and status are given.

Xavier Cucherat; Sylvain Demuynck

2006-01-01

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Ten new complete mitochondrial genomes of pulmonates (Mollusca: Gastropoda) and their impact on phylogenetic relationships  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Reconstructing the higher relationships of pulmonate gastropods has been difficult. The use of morphology is problematic due to high homoplasy. Molecular studies have suffered from low taxon sampling. Forty-eight complete mitochondrial genomes are available for gastropods, ten of which are pulmonates. Here are presented the new complete mitochondrial genomes of the ten following species of pulmonates: Salinator rhamphidia (Amphiboloidea); Auriculinella bidentata, Myosotella myosotis, Ovatella vulcani, and Pedipes pedipes (Ellobiidae); Peronia peronii (Onchidiidae); Siphonaria gigas (Siphonariidae); Succinea putris (Stylommatophora); Trimusculus reticulatus (Trimusculidae); and Rhopalocaulis grandidieri (Veronicellidae). Also, 94 new pulmonate-specific primers across the entire mitochondrial genome are provided, which were designed for amplifying entire mitochondrial genomes through short reactions and closing gaps after shotgun sequencing. Results The structural features of the 10 new mitochondrial genomes are provided. All genomes share similar gene orders. Phylogenetic analyses were performed including the 10 new genomes and 17 genomes from Genbank (outgroups, opisthobranchs, and other pulmonates). Bayesian Inference and Maximum Likelihood analyses, based on the concatenated amino-acid sequences of the 13 protein-coding genes, produced the same topology. The pulmonates are paraphyletic and basal to the opisthobranchs that are monophyletic at the tip of the tree. Siphonaria, traditionally regarded as a basal pulmonate, is nested within opisthobranchs. Pyramidella, traditionally regarded as a basal (non-euthyneuran) heterobranch, is nested within pulmonates. Several hypotheses are rejected, such as the Systellommatophora, Geophila, and Eupulmonata. The Ellobiidae is polyphyletic, but the false limpet Trimusculus reticulatus is closely related to some ellobiids. Conclusions Despite recent efforts for increasing the taxon sampling in euthyneuran (opisthobranchs and pulmonates) molecular phylogenies, several of the deeper nodes are still uncertain, because of low support values as well as some incongruence between analyses based on complete mitochondrial genomes and those based on individual genes (18S, 28S, 16S, CO1). Additional complete genomes are needed for pulmonates (especially for Williamia, Otina, and Smeagol), as well as basal heterobranchs closely related to euthyneurans. Increasing the number of markers for gastropod (and more broadly mollusk) phylogenetics also is necessary in order to resolve some of the deeper nodes -although clearly not an easy task. Step by step, however, new relationships are being unveiled, such as the close relationships between the false limpet Trimusculus and ellobiids, the nesting of pyramidelloids within pulmonates, and the close relationships of Siphonaria to sacoglossan opisthobranchs. The additional genomes presented here show that some species share an identical mitochondrial gene order due to convergence.

White Tracy R; Conrad Michele M; Tseng Roger; Balayan Shaina; Golding Rosemary; de Frias Martins António; Dayrat Benoît A

2011-01-01

59

Lipoproteins of the egg perivitelline fluid of Pomacea canaliculata snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The lipid and protein composition of the perivitelline fluid of the eggs of Pomacea canaliculata was investigated. Two lipoproteins (PV 1 and PV 2) and one lipoprotein fraction (PV 3) were detected for the first time in gastropods. They represent 57.0, 7.5, and 35.5% of the egg total proteins, respectively. PV 1 is a glyco-carotene-protein complex with characteristics of a very high-density lipoprotein (VHDL). It has 0.33% lipids, mainly free sterols and phospholipids. The particle has a MW of 300 Kd and is composed of three subunits of 35, 32, and 28 Kd, respectively. PV 2 particle is a VHDL of 400 Kd and 3.75% lipids. The major lipid classes are free sterols and phospholipids and also have significant quantities of energy-providing triacylglycerides and free fatty acids. It is composed of two apoproteins of 67 and 31 Kd. PV 3 density corresponds to a high-density lipoprotein (HDL). It was fractionated into two subfractions "h" and "p". Fraction "h" contains 5.16% lipids, mainly free sterols, phospholipids, and free fatty acids, and two particles of 100 and 64 Kd. Dissociating electrophoresis showed two subunits of 34 and 29 Kd. Fraction "p" is composed of a single particle of 26 Kd that contains 9.5% lipids, which represents 30% of the total egg lipids. It has high levels of a carotenoid pigment. Besides it contains free fatty acids, hydrocarbons, sterified sterols, and triacylglycerides. These three fractions are probably the major supply of lipids and amino acids for the developing embryo.

Garin CF; Heras H; Pollero RJ

1996-12-01

60

A new species of hydrobiid snails (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae) from central Greece  

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Full Text Available A new minute valvatiform species belonging to the genus Daphniola Radoman 1973, Daphniola eptalophos sp. n., from mountain Parnassos, Greece is described. The new species has a transparent valvatiform-planispiral shell, wide and open umbilicus, grey-black pigmented soft body and head and a black penis with a small colorless outgrowth on the left side near its base. A comparative table of shell dimensions and a key to the species known for this endemic genus for Greece are provided.

Canella Radea

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Present distribution of Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Slovak Republic  

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Full Text Available All published and known unpublished data on Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) from the Slovak Republic are summarised. The Slovak distribution is restricted to the southern parts of the country close to the Danube, Morava, and Hron Rivers. Geographic and vertical distribution is described. The most of the localities are placed between 100 and 140 m a.s.l., the highest situated known record was in 277 m a.s.l. P. antipodarum inhabits slowly flowing rivers and different types of standing waters in Slovakia.

Tomáš ?ejka; Libor Dvo?ák; Vladimír Košel

2008-01-01

62

[Occurrence of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Brazil: intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Achatina fulica, the intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis and also an agricultural pest, is being bred in Brazil for human consumption as "escargot". The snail has escaped from its artificial breeding sites and its dispersal in Itariri country, State of S. Paulo, is reported here for the first time. A. fulica is a transmitter of the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematode which causes meningoencephalic angiostrongyliasis; the risks of human contamination are commented on.

Teles HM; Vaz JF; Fontes LR; Domingos Mde F

1997-06-01

63

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase  

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Full Text Available A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.

Santana Teles Horácio Manuel; Faria Vaz Jorge; Fontes Luiz Roberto; Domingos Maria de Fátima

1997-01-01

64

Aspectos histológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de Biomphalaria glabrata e Bradybaena similaris (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

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Full Text Available Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) é um gastrópode pulmonado de água doce que desperta grande interesse médico e veterinário. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) é um gastrópode pulmonado terrestre considerado uma praga agrícola de plantações de hortaliças. Ambas as espécies são hospedeiras intermediárias de helmintos. Esses moluscos possuem uma gônada hermafrodita produtora de óvulos e espermatozóides de forma simultânea. Neste estudo foram avaliados aspectos histomorfológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de B. glabrata e B. similaris. A gônada de B. similaris encontra-se subdividida em lobos com glândulas em seu interior, o que não foi observado em B. glabrata. Além disso, em B. similaris as células germinativas estão acumuladas em determinados pontos e com a presença de um ovócito em cada folículo da gônada; não obstante, em B. glabrata as células germinativas encontraram-se justapostas e com mais de um ovócito em cada folículo.Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) is a freshwater pulmonate gastropod that represents great medical importance. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) is a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod and an important plague to the different plant cultures with economic interest. Both species are intermediate hosts of helminths. These molluscs have hermaphrodites gonads producing eggs and sperm. Here, we examined histoformological aspects of hermaphrodites gonads of both B. glabrata and B. similaris. The gonad of B. similaris is subdivided into lobes and presence of glands in its interior, which was not observed in B. glabrata. Moreover, in B. similaris the germ cells are accumulated in some areas, and has one oocyte in each follicle in the gonad; however, in B. glabrata the germ cells are juxtaposed and more than one oocyte in each follicle.

Rinaldo Florêncio da Silva; Jairo José Matozinho Cubas; Josué de Moraes

2009-01-01

65

Aspectos histológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de Biomphalaria glabrata e Bradybaena similaris (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) é um gastrópode pulmonado de água doce que desperta grande interesse médico e veterinário. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) é um gastrópode pulmonado terrestre considerado uma praga agrícola de plantações de hortaliças. Ambas as espécies são hospedeiras intermediárias de helmintos. Esses moluscos possuem uma gônada hermafrodita produtora de óvulos e espermatozóides de forma simultânea. Neste estudo foram avaliados (more) aspectos histomorfológicos das gônadas hermafroditas de B. glabrata e B. similaris. A gônada de B. similaris encontra-se subdividida em lobos com glândulas em seu interior, o que não foi observado em B. glabrata. Além disso, em B. similaris as células germinativas estão acumuladas em determinados pontos e com a presença de um ovócito em cada folículo da gônada; não obstante, em B. glabrata as células germinativas encontraram-se justapostas e com mais de um ovócito em cada folículo. Abstract in english Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) is a freshwater pulmonate gastropod that represents great medical importance. Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) is a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod and an important plague to the different plant cultures with economic interest. Both species are intermediate hosts of helminths. These molluscs have hermaphrodites gonads producing eggs and sperm. Here, we examined histoformological aspects of hermaphrodites gonads of both B. glabrata a (more) nd B. similaris. The gonad of B. similaris is subdivided into lobes and presence of glands in its interior, which was not observed in B. glabrata. Moreover, in B. similaris the germ cells are accumulated in some areas, and has one oocyte in each follicle in the gonad; however, in B. glabrata the germ cells are juxtaposed and more than one oocyte in each follicle.

Silva, Rinaldo Florêncio da; Cubas, Jairo José Matozinho; Moraes, Josué de

2009-01-01

66

Spatial distribution of vermetids (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Rocas Atoll, Equatorial South Atlantic  

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Full Text Available The Rocas Atoll is a biogenic reef located 266 km from the brazilian northeast coast. Its carbonate structure is formed by corals, calcareous algae, foraminifers and vermetids. Such studied vermetid species are indicators of the sea level and of intertidal or immediately subtidal paleoenvironments, being able to contribute to elucidate the geological history of the only atoll of the South Atlantic. Despite its importance as bioconstructors, there are few studies on the systematics and distribution of these mollusks in this oceanic reef system. Data was obtained on the species, density and distribution leeward and windward from the encrusting taphocoenosis. The species Dendropoma irregulare (d’Orbigny, 1842) and Petaloconchus varians (d’Orbigny, 1841) were recognized in different sectors of the reef system, mainly in the windward sector (0,26 ± 0,04 ind/cm2). In the wave-dominated side of the depositional system occur a lower bioaccumulation of the fossilized shells (0,11 ± 0,02 ind/cm2).

Marcelo de Oliveira Soares; Carlos Augusto Oliveira de Meirelles; Valesca Brasil Lemos

2010-01-01

67

Two glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes purified from Bulinus truncatus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

We purified and characterized two major glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes (GST2 and GST3) from snail Bulinus truncatus (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Planorbidae) tissue. The Km with respect to 1-chloro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) for both isoenzymes was increased as the pH decreased. Km of both isoenzymes with respect to glutathione (GSH) doubled when the pH was increased from 6.0 to 6.5. Acid inactivated GST2 and GST3 and the two enzymes were almost inactive at pH 3.5. However, they retain the full activity for at least 20 h when incubated at pH between 6.0 and 9.0. The optimum temperature was 45 degrees C for GST2 and 50 degrees C for GST3. The half lifetime at 50 degrees C was 70 min and 45 min for GST2 and GST3 isoenzymes, respectively. Addition of 5 mM GSH to the incubation buffer increased the half life of both isoenzymes more than fourfold. The activation energy for catalyzing the conjugation of CDNB was 1.826 and 3.435 kcal/mol for GST2 and GST3, respectively. I50 values for Cibacron blue, bromosulphophthalein, indocyanine green, hematin and ethacrynic acid were 0.76 microM, 47.9 microM, 7.59 microM, 0.03 microM and 0.79 microM for GST2, and 0.479 microM, 79.4 microM, 89.1 microM, 32.4 microM and 1.15 microM for GST3, respectively. Cibacron blue and indocyanine green were non-competitive inhibitors, while hematin was a mixed inhibitor. Bromosulphophthalein was found to be a competitive inhibitor for GST2 and a mixed inhibitor for GST3. PMID:16311050

Abdalla, Abdel-Monem; El-Mogy, Mohamed; Farid, Nevin M; El-Sharabasy, Mohamed

2005-11-28

68

Response of the Lymnaea peregra (Mollusca: gastropoda) to oil and dispersant. Akvarietest av responsen paa olja och dispergeringsmedel hos Lumnaea peregra (Mollusca)  

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The effects of oil polluted water (heavy fuel oil) and a dispersant (Finasol OSR 5) on the behavior of Lymnaea peregra were tested in 4 l aquaria (static test, 96 h, no food added, surface oil slick not removed, water temp. +20 and S 4.5 o/oo). The accumulation of oil in the tissues of the snails was also studied. The activity in oil polluted water low (10 %) compared with the control (30 %). The mortality was 10 % in the oil polluted water and 0 % in the control. In the test with the dispersant (0.01 vol-%), the activity of the snails was 10 % compared with 40 % in the control. The mortality increased from 0 - 20 %. Snails exposed to oil mixtures of 0.1 and 10 vol-% showed increased concentrations of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in their tissues (4 - 20 times higher than in the control).

Lax, H.J.; Vainio, T.

1988-01-01

69

Complexo Littorina ziczac (Gmelin) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda) no litoral fluminense: análise morfométrica, distribuição vertical e bioquímica/ The Littorina ziczac (Gmelin) complex (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda) in the Rio de Janeiro coast: morphometric analysis, vertical distribution and biochemistry  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The Littorina ziczac (Gmelin, 1791) species complex was studied in Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil. The occurrence of three species was confirmed, through the analysis of penis morphology: L. ziczac (Gmelin, 1791), L. lineata d'Orbigny, 1841 and L. lineolata d'Orbigny, 1840. There is a correlation between the morphology of the penis and shell shape, thus it was possible to make a discrimination model based in conchologic data, with an efficiency of 75%. However, (more) this model cannot be applied to others samples that weren't included in its formulation, due to phenotypic plasticity of the shell caused by biotic and abiotic factors. In the 9 areas studied L. lineolata was always the most abundam species. No vertical stratification in the distribution of the species was verified. From the nine enzymatic systems examined, only Pgi, Pgm e Mpi, presented identifiable patterns and no diagnostic locus was identified in any species. Nevertheless, S and I suggest the individualization of L. ziczac and L. lineata,respectively.

Absalão, Ricardo Silva; Roberg, Renata Alves Pinheiro

1999-06-01

70

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase/ Occurrence of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Brazil: intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura. Abstract in english Achatina fulica, the intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis and also an agricultural pest, is being bred in Brazil for human consumption as "escargot". The snail has escaped from its artificial breeding sites and its dispersal in Itariri county, State of S. Paulo, is reported here for the first time. A. fulica is a transmitter of the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematode which causes meningoencephalic angiostrongyliasis; the risks of human contamination are commented on.

Santana Teles, Horácio Manuel; Faria Vaz, Jorge; Fontes, Luiz Roberto; Domingos, Maria de Fátima

1997-06-01

71

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971 Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) como hospedeiro intermediário potencial do Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

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Full Text Available Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.Exemplares de Achatina fulica foram experimentalmente infectados com larvas de Angiostrongylus costaricensis, agente etiológico da angiostrongiliase abdominal, mostrando-se susceptíveis ao parasita. Achatina fulica pode representar um risco para a urbanização da angiostrongilíase abdominal devido a sua alta prolificidade contínua dispersão e notável adaptação a ambientes urbanos.

Omar dos Santos Carvalho; Horácio MS Teles; Ester Maria Mota; Cristiane Lafetá Gomes Furtado de Mendonça; Henrique Leonel Lenzi

2003-01-01

72

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971/ Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) como hospedeiro intermediário potencial do Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Exemplares de Achatina fulica foram experimentalmente infectados com larvas de Angiostrongylus costaricensis, agente etiológico da angiostrongiliase abdominal, mostrando-se susceptíveis ao parasita. Achatina fulica pode representar um risco para a urbanização da angiostrongilíase abdominal devido a sua alta prolificidade contínua dispersão e notável adaptação a ambientes urbanos. Abstract in english Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.

Carvalho, Omar dos Santos; Teles, Horácio MS; Mota, Ester Maria; Mendonça, Cristiane Lafetá Gomes Furtado de; Lenzi, Henrique Leonel

2003-12-01

73

Registro de Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) no Brasil: caramujo hospedeiro intermediário da angiostrongilíase Occurrence of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in Brazil: intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis  

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Full Text Available A introdução de Achatina fulica é assinalada em Itariri, SP, Brasil. Essa espécie de caramujo terrestre foi importada para cultivo, visando à comercialização para consumo humano como "escargot". O encontro de exemplares em vida livre mostra a dispersão de A. fulica e, conseqüentemente, o risco de transmissão de Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematóide parasita do homem e de outros vertebrados. Além disso, o caramujo é uma praga importante da agricultura.Achatina fulica, the intermediate snail host of angiostrongyliasis and also an agricultural pest, is being bred in Brazil for human consumption as "escargot". The snail has escaped from its artificial breeding sites and its dispersal in Itariri county, State of S. Paulo, is reported here for the first time. A. fulica is a transmitter of the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, nematode which causes meningoencephalic angiostrongyliasis; the risks of human contamination are commented on.

Horácio Manuel Santana Teles; Jorge Faria Vaz; Luiz Roberto Fontes; Maria de Fátima Domingos

1997-01-01

74

Novo gastrópode fóssil da bacia de São José de Itaboraí, estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae) A new fossil gastropod from São José de Itaboraí basin, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae)  

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Full Text Available A new species of a very small land snail (Endodontidae) occurring in São José de Itaboraí limestone basin, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described in honour of zoologist Hugo de Souza Lopes. Austrodiscus Parodiz, 1957 is registered in the paleontological records, for the first time.

Cândido Simões Ferreira; Arnaldo C. dos Santos Coelho

1989-01-01

75

Novo gastrópode fóssil da bacia de São José de Itaboraí, estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae)/ A new fossil gastropod from São José de Itaboraí basin, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Endodontidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english A new species of a very small land snail (Endodontidae) occurring in São José de Itaboraí limestone basin, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described in honour of zoologist Hugo de Souza Lopes. Austrodiscus Parodiz, 1957 is registered in the paleontological records, for the first time.

Ferreira, Cândido Simões; Coelho, Arnaldo C. dos Santos

1989-01-01

76

Thais (Stramonita) rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Thaididae), a potential bioindicator of contamination by organotin northeast Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A utilização de tintas antiincrustrantes contendo o composto biocida tributilestanho (TBT) tem induzido moluscos neogastrópodes ao imposex. O imposex é caracterizado pelo surgimento de caracteres sexuais masculinos, sobretudo, pênis e vaso deferente não funcionais em fêmeas desses moluscos. Foram coletadas amostras de Thais rústica em oito estações ao longo da costa da cidade de Natal no Rio Grande do Norte. Esses animais foram analisados quanto a presença e o (more) grau de imposex que apresentavam. Os níveis mais elevados de imposex foram observados na estação mais próxima ao porto. Abstract in english The use of antifouling paints containing the biocide compound tributyltin (TBT) has been shown as an inductor of imposex in neogastropods mollusks. Imposex is characterized by the development of male features in females, mainly the appearance of a no functional vas deferens and penis. Samples of Thais rustica were collected in eight sites in the metropolitan area of Natal city, Rio Grande do Norte state, northeast Brazil, and examined for occurrence of imposex, which was found in many females. The higher imposex levels were presented by samples from sites near city harbor.

Castro, Ítalo Braga de; Meirelles, Carlos A. O.; Matthews-Cascon, Helena; Fernandez, Marcos Antonio

2004-06-01

77

Thais (Stramonita) rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Thaididae), a potential bioindicator of contamination by organotin northeast Brazil  

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Full Text Available The use of antifouling paints containing the biocide compound tributyltin (TBT) has been shown as an inductor of imposex in neogastropods mollusks. Imposex is characterized by the development of male features in females, mainly the appearance of a no functional vas deferens and penis. Samples of Thais rustica were collected in eight sites in the metropolitan area of Natal city, Rio Grande do Norte state, northeast Brazil, and examined for occurrence of imposex, which was found in many females. The higher imposex levels were presented by samples from sites near city harbor.A utilização de tintas antiincrustrantes contendo o composto biocida tributilestanho (TBT) tem induzido moluscos neogastrópodes ao imposex. O imposex é caracterizado pelo surgimento de caracteres sexuais masculinos, sobretudo, pênis e vaso deferente não funcionais em fêmeas desses moluscos. Foram coletadas amostras de Thais rústica em oito estações ao longo da costa da cidade de Natal no Rio Grande do Norte. Esses animais foram analisados quanto a presença e o grau de imposex que apresentavam. Os níveis mais elevados de imposex foram observados na estação mais próxima ao porto.

Ítalo Braga de Castro; Carlos A. O. Meirelles; Helena Matthews-Cascon; Marcos Antonio Fernandez

2004-01-01

78

The effect of stocking density on the growth of apple snails native Pomacea bridgesii and exotic Pomacea lineata (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The demand for alternative food sources is currently in evidence in the world and, therefore, the culture of animal species considered not conventional makes this theme relevant and appropriate. In the present study, the species Pomacea lineata and Pomacea bridgesii, each with three stowage densities (0.5 [T1], 1 [T2], and 1.5 [T3] animal/L), were tested. They were analyzed regarding growth rate, weight gain, final biomass, feed conversion and percentage of survival. Ther (more) e was not any statistically significant difference between the different densities for both species. The final average weight in the three waterworks did not differ significantly in P. bridgesii. In P. lineata, T1 (22.3 ± 1.80g) was significantly higher than T2 and T3. On the other hand, the absolute gain of weight in P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T1 (21.9 ± 1.80g and 37.2 ± 6.34g) than in T2 and T3 respectively. In contrast, the gain of biomass of P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T3 (276.3 ± 33.16g and 431.4 ± 37.20g) than in T1 and T2, respectively. Based on the results obtained, all species studied presented potential for aquaculture, mainly P. bridgesii, distinguished for showing a better development even in waterworks with higher densities.

JUNIOR, ESMAR SOUZA; BARROS, JOSE CARLOS N. DE; PARESQUE, KARLA; FREITAS, RODRIGO R. DE

2013-06-01

79

Imposex induction in Stramonita haemastoma floridana (Conrad, 1837) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) submitted to an organotin-contaminated diet  

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Full Text Available Marine organisms are affected by organotin compounds due to the cumulative, deleterious effects of these latter. The most evident and well known consequence of organotin contamination is imposex, a hormonal disruption that causes a superimposition of sexual male features in females of prosobranchia neogastropod molluscs such as Stramonita haemastoma floridana. Molluscs accumulate organotins mainly because of their poor ability to eliminate TBT and DBT from their tissues. The aim of this study was to analyze organotin uptake by ingestion experimentally, using uncontaminated subjects (S. haemastoma floridana) fed with organotin-contaminated oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae). A total of 248 gastropods, distributed in 7 tanks with uncontaminated water and contaminated food, were used in this study, a control group being fed uncontaminated oysters. Every 15 days, the individuals of one of the tanks were examined for the presence of imposex. Development of imposex was measured using the VDSI, RPSI and RPLI indexes. The animals had already developed imposex within the first 15 days, all the indexes measured (RPLI, RPSI and VDSI) having increased significantly with duration of exposure, indicating that the animals were probablycontaminated by the food and had accumulated the pollutant. New paths of imposex development were also observed.Organismos marinhos são afetados por compostos organoestânicos que causam uma série de efeitos deletérios aos mesmos. O mais conhecido efeito da contaminação por organoestânicos é o imposex. Esse fenômeno consiste na masculinização de fêmeas de moluscos neogastrópodes tais como Stramonita haemastoma floridana. Esses compostos tendem a se acumular em moluscos devido a sua baixa capacidade de eliminá-los. Um total de 248 indivíduos de S. haemastoma floridana foram coletados de uma população livre qualquer indício de imposex. Esses animais foram mantidos em 7 aquários, com aproximadamente 30 indivíduos cada, 1 desses aquários foi considerado como controle e os animas do mesmo alimentados com ostras obtidas de locais onde não se verificou a ocorrência de imposex em neogastrópodes nativos. Os animais nos outros 6 aquários foram alimentados com ostras obtidas em local onde a incidência de imposex entre os gastrópodes nativos revelou-se muito alta. A cada 15 dias, por um período total de 90 dias, os animais de um dos tanques eram retirados e analisados quanto à presença de imposex. Os níveis de imposex foram quantificados através da % de imposex e dos índices: RPLI, RPSI e VDSI. Observou-se a indução de imposex em S. haemastoma floridana através da dieta a partir de Crassostrea rhizophora e um aumento significativo dos índices com o decorrer do tempo de exposição. Os animais do aquário controle foram analisados ao fim do experimento não revelando qualquer indício de imposex.

Aline Fernandes Alves de Lima; Ítalo Braga de Castro; Cristina de Almeida Rocha-Barreira

2006-01-01

80

Dynamics and ecology of an Indo-Pacific conch,Conomurex persicus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in southeastern Turkey  

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Full Text Available Conomurex persicus, one of the tropical conchs, has been introduced to one of the subtropical regions, the northeastern Mediterranean Sea, and invaded sandy bottoms between 1 and 10 m deep. Population dynamics were studied from specimens collected with a standard dredge (60 x 15 cm mouth opening, 0.5 x 0.5 cm eye opening of net). Samples of C. persicus were collected monthly along the 5 and 10 m depth contours off Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey, in February and May 2000. Intra-annual density depended on salinity levels, while inter-annual density was correlated with bottom water temperature. Specimens underwent spring emergences and winter burial and sheltering (disappearance). Emergence took place in March when temperatures rose and the disappearance occurred in October-November when temperatures dropped. Adults live at 10 m, juveniles are recruited at a 5 m depth. Recruitment began in April and continued for the next 6 months. In contrast to shell width or shell lip thickness, shell length was not a convenient index for estimation of growth parameters. Annual production and mortality were calculated to be 7.86 g m-2 and 3.80 g m-2, respectively, in April-November. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54 (1): 117-129. Epub 2006 Mar 31.El gastrópodo tropical Conomurex persicurs, ha sido introducido a una región subtropical, el noreste del Mar Mediterráneo, y ha invadido los fondos arenosos en un rango de profundidad de 1 a 10 m. Se estudiarion las dinámicas poblacionales a partir de especímenes recolectados mediante un dragado estándard (60 x 15 cm de apertura de entrada y 0.5 x 0.5 cm de tramado). Muestras de C. persicus fueron recolectadas mensualmente a produndidades de 5 y 10 m en las cercanías de Erdemil, Mersin, Turkey, en los meses de febrero y mayo del año 2000. La densidad dentro de un mismo año depende de los niveles de salinidad, mientras que al comparar años distintos está correlacionada con la temperatura del agua.

Erhan Mutlu; Mehmet Betil Ergev

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Dynamics and ecology of an Indo-Pacific conch,Conomurex persicus (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in southeastern Turkey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El gastrópodo tropical Conomurex persicurs, ha sido introducido a una región subtropical, el noreste del Mar Mediterráneo, y ha invadido los fondos arenosos en un rango de profundidad de 1 a 10 m. Se estudiarion las dinámicas poblacionales a partir de especímenes recolectados mediante un dragado estándard (60 x 15 cm de apertura de entrada y 0.5 x 0.5 cm de tramado). Muestras de C. persicus fueron recolectadas mensualmente a produndidades de 5 y 10 m en las cercaní (more) as de Erdemil, Mersin, Turkey, en los meses de febrero y mayo del año 2000. La densidad dentro de un mismo año depende de los niveles de salinidad, mientras que al comparar años distintos está correlacionada con la temperatura del agua. Abstract in english Conomurex persicus, one of the tropical conchs, has been introduced to one of the subtropical regions, the northeastern Mediterranean Sea, and invaded sandy bottoms between 1 and 10 m deep. Population dynamics were studied from specimens collected with a standard dredge (60 x 15 cm mouth opening, 0.5 x 0.5 cm eye opening of net). Samples of C. persicus were collected monthly along the 5 and 10 m depth contours off Erdemli, Mersin, Turkey, in February and May 2000. Intra-a (more) nnual density depended on salinity levels, while inter-annual density was correlated with bottom water temperature. Specimens underwent spring emergences and winter burial and sheltering (disappearance). Emergence took place in March when temperatures rose and the disappearance occurred in October-November when temperatures dropped. Adults live at 10 m, juveniles are recruited at a 5 m depth. Recruitment began in April and continued for the next 6 months. In contrast to shell width or shell lip thickness, shell length was not a convenient index for estimation of growth parameters. Annual production and mortality were calculated to be 7.86 g m-2 and 3.80 g m-2, respectively, in April-November. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54 (1): 117-129. Epub 2006 Mar 31.

Mutlu, Erhan; Betil Ergev, Mehmet

2006-03-01

82

The effect of stocking density on the growth of apple snails native Pomacea bridgesii and exotic Pomacea lineata (Mollusca, Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The demand for alternative food sources is currently in evidence in the world and, therefore, the culture of animal species considered not conventional makes this theme relevant and appropriate. In the present study, the species Pomacea lineata and Pomacea bridgesii, each with three stowage densities (0.5 [T1], 1 [T2], and 1.5 [T3] animal/L), were tested. They were analyzed regarding growth rate, weight gain, final biomass, feed conversion and percentage of survival. There was not any statistically significant difference between the different densities for both species. The final average weight in the three waterworks did not differ significantly in P. bridgesii. In P. lineata, T1 (22.3 ± 1.80g) was significantly higher than T2 and T3. On the other hand, the absolute gain of weight in P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T1 (21.9 ± 1.80g and 37.2 ± 6.34g) than in T2 and T3 respectively. In contrast, the gain of biomass of P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T3 (276.3 ± 33.16g and 431.4 ± 37.20g) than in T1 and T2, respectively. Based on the results obtained, all species studied presented potential for aquaculture, mainly P. bridgesii, distinguished for showing a better development even in waterworks with higher densities.

Souza Júnior E; De Barros JC; Paresque K; De Freitas RR

2013-04-01

83

The effect of stocking density on the growth of apple snails native Pomacea bridgesii and exotic Pomacea lineata (Mollusca, Gastropoda)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The demand for alternative food sources is currently in evidence in the world and, therefore, the culture of animal species considered not conventional makes this theme relevant and appropriate. In the present study, the species Pomacea lineata and Pomacea bridgesii, each with three stowage densities (0.5 [T1], 1 [T2], and 1.5 [T3] animal/L), were tested. They were analyzed regarding growth rate, weight gain, final biomass, feed conversion and percentage of survival. There was not any statistically significant difference between the different densities for both species. The final average weight in the three waterworks did not differ significantly in P. bridgesii. In P. lineata, T1 (22.3 ± 1.80g) was significantly higher than T2 and T3. On the other hand, the absolute gain of weight in P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T1 (21.9 ± 1.80g and 37.2 ± 6.34g) than in T2 and T3 respectively. In contrast, the gain of biomass of P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T3 (276.3 ± 33.16g and 431.4 ± 37.20g) than in T1 and T2, respectively. Based on the results obtained, all species studied presented potential for aquaculture, mainly P. bridgesii, distinguished for showing a better development even in waterworks with higher densities.

ESMAR SOUZA JÚNIOR; JOSÉ CARLOS N. DE BARROS; KARLA PARESQUE; RODRIGO R. DE FREITAS

2013-01-01

84

Molecular characteristics of HSC70 gene and its expression in the golden apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The heat shock cognate 70 (PHSC70) gene of the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, was cloned and characterized, which was 2275base pairs (bp) containing a single 1950bp open reading frame (ORF) that encoded a polypeptide of 650 amino acids. Genomic DNA of PHSC70 in P. canaliculata confirmed the presence of nine introns located at the coding region as well as the 5?-terminal untranslated region (UTR). BLAST analysis revealed that the PHSC70 gene shared high similarity with other known HSC70 genes. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated a separate clustering of the PHSC70 with constitutive members from other mollusk species. Expression of PHSC70 in different tissues (gill, digestive gland, kidney and foot muscle) of the snails exposed to high (36°C) and low (9°C) temperatures was investigated. The results showed that PHSC70 transcript levels were constitutively modulated in non-stressed condition in above tissues. After the cold treatment, PHSC70 transcript levels decreased significantly in the gill, but had no obvious changes in the digestive gland, kidney and foot muscle. However, PHSC70 transcript levels increased significantly in all the tissues under the heat shock condition. In addition, PHSC70 protein was detected in different tissues from both young and adult snails by a Western blot. The result of quantitative immunofluorescence indicated that a large amount of PHSC70 proteins localize in the gill lamella cells. These results strongly suggested that PHSC70 may play an important role in mediating the physiological responses to the high temperature.

Zheng G; Dong S; Hou Y; Yang K; Yu X

2012-08-01

85

The effect of stocking density on the growth of apple snails native Pomacea bridgesii and exotic Pomacea lineata (Mollusca, Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

The demand for alternative food sources is currently in evidence in the world and, therefore, the culture of animal species considered not conventional makes this theme relevant and appropriate. In the present study, the species Pomacea lineata and Pomacea bridgesii, each with three stowage densities (0.5 [T1], 1 [T2], and 1.5 [T3] animal/L), were tested. They were analyzed regarding growth rate, weight gain, final biomass, feed conversion and percentage of survival. There was not any statistically significant difference between the different densities for both species. The final average weight in the three waterworks did not differ significantly in P. bridgesii. In P. lineata, T1 (22.3 ± 1.80g) was significantly higher than T2 and T3. On the other hand, the absolute gain of weight in P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T1 (21.9 ± 1.80g and 37.2 ± 6.34g) than in T2 and T3 respectively. In contrast, the gain of biomass of P. lineata and P. bridgesii was significantly higher in T3 (276.3 ± 33.16g and 431.4 ± 37.20g) than in T1 and T2, respectively. Based on the results obtained, all species studied presented potential for aquaculture, mainly P. bridgesii, distinguished for showing a better development even in waterworks with higher densities. PMID:23828367

Souza Júnior, Esmar; De Barros, José Carlos N; Paresque, Karla; De Freitas, Rodrigo R

86

Analysis of a deep transcriptome from the mantle tissue of Patella vulgata Linnaeus (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Patellidae) reveals candidate biomineralising genes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The gastropod Patella vulgata is abundant on rocky shores in Northern Europe and a significant grazer of intertidal algae. Here we report the application of Illumina sequencing to develop a transcriptome from the adult mantle tissue of P. vulgata. We obtained 47,237,104 paired-end reads of 51 bp, trialled de novo assembly methods and settled on the additive multiple K method followed by redundancy removal as resulting in the most comprehensive assembly. This yielded 29,489 contigs of at least 500 bp in length. We then used three methods to search for candidate genes relevant to biomineralisation: searches via BLAST and Hidden Markov Models for homologues of biomineralising genes from other molluscs, searches for predicted proteins containing tandem repeats and searches for secreted proteins that lacked a transmembrane domain. From the results of these searches we selected 15 contigs for verification by RT-PCR, of which 14 were successfully amplified and cloned. These included homologues of Pif-177/BSMP, Perlustrin, SPARC, AP24, Follistatin-like and Carbonic anhydrase, as well as three containing extensive G-X-Y repeats as found in nacrein. We selected two for further verification by in situ hybridisation, demonstrating expression in the larval shell field. We conclude that de novo assembly of Illumina data offers a cheap and rapid route to a predicted transcriptome that can be used as a resource for further biological study.

Werner GD; Gemmell P; Grosser S; Hamer R; Shimeld SM

2013-04-01

87

Organiser role of the stem cell of the mesoderm in prototroch patterning in Patella vulgata (Mollusca, Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

During early development of the gastropod mollusc Patella vulgata, the stem cell of the mesoderm (3D-macromere) is induced. As a result of this induction, the embryo becomes dorsoventrally organised. At about the same time in development, ciliated cells, so-called trochoblasts, are formed. Later in development, some trochoblasts deciliate and, together with the ciliated trochoblast, form the dorsoventrally organised prototroch, the locomotory organ of the larva. In order to study the role of the 3D-macromere in the specification of trochoblasts and in the induction of the dorsoventral organisation of the prototroch, induction of 3D has been prevented in various ways. it is shown that preventing 3D-induction results in the formation of a radially symmetrical prototroch. The trochoblasts of all four quadrants developed like corresponding trochoblasts of the A-quadrant. Somewhere between 30 and 120 min after fifth cleavage the 3D-macromere induces the formation of specific trochoblasts and organises the dorsoventral pattern of the prototroch. Besides a role of the 3D-macromere, a role of other cells has been demonstrated in the conditionally specified deciliation of trochoblasts.

Damen P; Dictus WJ

1996-05-01

88

Putative midkine family protein up-regulation in Patella caerulea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) exposed to sublethal concentrations of cadmium.  

Science.gov (United States)

A cDNA sequence of a putative midkine (MK) family protein was identified and characterised in the mollusc Patella caerulea. The midkine family consists of two members, midkine and pleiotrophin (PTN), and it is one of the recently discovered cytokines. Our results show that this putative midkine protein is up-regulated in specimens of P. caerulea exposed to sublethal cadmium concentrations (i.e. 0.5 and 1 mg l(-1) Cd) over a 10-day exposure period. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and quantitative Real time RT-PCR estimations indicate elevated expression of midkine mRNA in exposed specimens compared to controls. Moreover, RT-PCR Real time values were higher in the viscera (here defined as the part of the soft tissue including digestive gland plus gills) than in the foot (i.e. foot plus head plus heart) of the limpets. At present, information on the functional signalling significance of the midkine family proteins suggests that the up-regulation of P. caerulea putative midkine family protein is a distress signal likely with informative value on health status of the organism and with potential prognostic capability. PMID:16253353

Vanucci, Silvana; Minerdi, Daniela; Kadomatsu, Kenji; Mengoni, Alessio; Bazzicalupo, Marco

2005-10-25

89

Putative midkine family protein up-regulation in Patella caerulea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) exposed to sublethal concentrations of cadmium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A cDNA sequence of a putative midkine (MK) family protein was identified and characterised in the mollusc Patella caerulea. The midkine family consists of two members, midkine and pleiotrophin (PTN), and it is one of the recently discovered cytokines. Our results show that this putative midkine protein is up-regulated in specimens of P. caerulea exposed to sublethal cadmium concentrations (i.e. 0.5 and 1 mg l-1 Cd) over a 10-day exposure period. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and quantitative Real time RT-PCR estimations indicate elevated expression of midkine mRNA in exposed specimens compared to controls. Moreover, RT-PCR Real time values were higher in the viscera (here defined as the part of the soft tissue including digestive gland plus gills) than in the foot (i.e. foot plus head plus heart) of the limpets. At present, information on the functional signalling significance of the midkine family proteins suggests that the up-regulation of P. caerulea putative midkine family protein is a distress signal likely with informative value on health status of the organism and with potential prognostic capability

2005-11-30

90

Putative midkine family protein up-regulation in Patella caerulea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) exposed to sublethal concentrations of cadmium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A cDNA sequence of a putative midkine (MK) family protein was identified and characterised in the mollusc Patella caerulea. The midkine family consists of two members, midkine and pleiotrophin (PTN), and it is one of the recently discovered cytokines. Our results show that this putative midkine protein is up-regulated in specimens of P. caerulea exposed to sublethal cadmium concentrations (i.e. 0.5 and 1 mg l{sup -1} Cd) over a 10-day exposure period. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and quantitative Real time RT-PCR estimations indicate elevated expression of midkine mRNA in exposed specimens compared to controls. Moreover, RT-PCR Real time values were higher in the viscera (here defined as the part of the soft tissue including digestive gland plus gills) than in the foot (i.e. foot plus head plus heart) of the limpets. At present, information on the functional signalling significance of the midkine family proteins suggests that the up-regulation of P. caerulea putative midkine family protein is a distress signal likely with informative value on health status of the organism and with potential prognostic capability.

Vanucci, Silvana [Department of Animal Biology and Marine Ecology, University of Messina, Salita Sperone 31, 98166 S Agata, Messina (Italy)]. E-mail: silvana.vanucci@unime.it; Minerdi, Daniela [Department of Animal Biology and Genetics, University of Florence, via Romana 19, 50125 Florence (Italy); Kadomatsu, Kenji [Department of Biochemistry, University of Nagoya Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Mengoni, Alessio [Department of Animal Biology and Genetics, University of Florence, via Romana 19, 50125 Florence (Italy); Bazzicalupo, Marco [Department of Animal Biology and Genetics, University of Florence, via Romana 19, 50125 Florence (Italy)

2005-11-30

91

Focal benthic mollusks (Mollusca: Bivalvia and Gastropoda) of selected sites in Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park, Palawan, Philippines  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was conducted at Tubbataha Reef National Marine Park from May 6-11, 2005. Seven preestablished stations with survey sites at 5 and 10 m depth and one intertidal area were assessed using 150m permanent belt transects. Focal benthic mollusks found one meter to the left and right of transects wereidentified and counted. A total of 19 species belonging to eight families were recorded, of which 15species are univalves. In the intertidal area a total of 12 species were noted, 13 species at the shallow (5m) and five species at deeper (10 m) areas. Species belonging to the family Tridacnidae and Trochidaewere the most abundant. Among the subtidal stations, the highest number of individuals was noted at ashallow reef flat (station VI). In terms of density, the intertidal area had the highest (213,310 ind. km-2)followed by the shallow (72,870 ind. km-2) and the deep with 5,720 ind. km-2.The densities of Tridacna crocea (133,330 ind. km-2) and Hippopus hippopus (3,330 ind. km-2) at theintertidal area were found to be higher than in most other survey sites in Palawan but previous densityrecords at the park indicate a stiff decline. On the contrary, the first record on the density of T. squamosa(950 ind. km-2) at the park is much lower compared to that from other parts of Palawan. Large andcommercially valuable gastropods like, Trochus niloticus, Tectus maculatus and T. pyramis that are rarelyencountered at the intertidal areas were abundant at the TRNMP. Other important species like Tridacnagigas, Charonia tritonis and Cassis cornuta were not encountered at the study sites. To fully assess theabundance of focal mollusks, permanent transects should be established in the same seven sites but inshallow reef flat of about 2 m deep, in the lagoon and in the intertidal of North and South Islets wherespecies composition, density and growth could be monitored on an annual basis which could be used toevaluate the management effectiveness at the TRNMP.

Roger G. Dolorosa; Sabine Schoppe

2005-01-01

92

Natural infection of Deroceras laeve (Mollusca: gastropoda) with metastrongylid larvae in a transmission focus of abdominal angiostrongyliasis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a nematode parasitic of rodents. Man may become infected by ingestion of the third stage larvae produced within the intermediate hosts, usually slugs from the family Veronicellidae. An epidemiological study carried out in a locality in southern Brazil (western Santa Catarina State) where these slugs are a crop pest and an important vector for A. costaricensis has documented for the first time the natural infection of Deroceras laeve with metastrongylid larvae. This small limacid slug is frequently found amid the folds of vegetable leaves and may be inadvertently ingested. Therefore D. laeve may have an important role in transmission of A. costaricensis to man.

MAURER Rafael Lucyk; GRAEFF-TEIXEIRA Carlos; THOMÉ José Willibaldo; CHIARADIA Luís Antônio; SUGAYA Hiroko; YOSHIMURA Kentaro

2002-01-01

93

Imposex induction in Stramonita haemastoma floridana (Conrad, 1837) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Muricidae) submitted to an organotin-contaminated diet  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Organismos marinhos são afetados por compostos organoestânicos que causam uma série de efeitos deletérios aos mesmos. O mais conhecido efeito da contaminação por organoestânicos é o imposex. Esse fenômeno consiste na masculinização de fêmeas de moluscos neogastrópodes tais como Stramonita haemastoma floridana. Esses compostos tendem a se acumular em moluscos devido a sua baixa capacidade de eliminá-los. Um total de 248 indivíduos de S. haemastoma floridana (more) foram coletados de uma população livre qualquer indício de imposex. Esses animais foram mantidos em 7 aquários, com aproximadamente 30 indivíduos cada, 1 desses aquários foi considerado como controle e os animas do mesmo alimentados com ostras obtidas de locais onde não se verificou a ocorrência de imposex em neogastrópodes nativos. Os animais nos outros 6 aquários foram alimentados com ostras obtidas em local onde a incidência de imposex entre os gastrópodes nativos revelou-se muito alta. A cada 15 dias, por um período total de 90 dias, os animais de um dos tanques eram retirados e analisados quanto à presença de imposex. Os níveis de imposex foram quantificados através da % de imposex e dos índices: RPLI, RPSI e VDSI. Observou-se a indução de imposex em S. haemastoma floridana através da dieta a partir de Crassostrea rhizophora e um aumento significativo dos índices com o decorrer do tempo de exposição. Os animais do aquário controle foram analisados ao fim do experimento não revelando qualquer indício de imposex. Abstract in english Marine organisms are affected by organotin compounds due to the cumulative, deleterious effects of these latter. The most evident and well known consequence of organotin contamination is imposex, a hormonal disruption that causes a superimposition of sexual male features in females of prosobranchia neogastropod molluscs such as Stramonita haemastoma floridana. Molluscs accumulate organotins mainly because of their poor ability to eliminate TBT and DBT from their tissues. (more) The aim of this study was to analyze organotin uptake by ingestion experimentally, using uncontaminated subjects (S. haemastoma floridana) fed with organotin-contaminated oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae). A total of 248 gastropods, distributed in 7 tanks with uncontaminated water and contaminated food, were used in this study, a control group being fed uncontaminated oysters. Every 15 days, the individuals of one of the tanks were examined for the presence of imposex. Development of imposex was measured using the VDSI, RPSI and RPLI indexes. The animals had already developed imposex within the first 15 days, all the indexes measured (RPLI, RPSI and VDSI) having increased significantly with duration of exposure, indicating that the animals were probablycontaminated by the food and had accumulated the pollutant. New paths of imposex development were also observed.

Lima, Aline Fernandes Alves de; Castro, Ítalo Braga de; Rocha-Barreira, Cristina de Almeida

2006-03-01

94

The status of the genus Bostryx Troschel, 1847, with description of a new subfamily (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Bulimulidae)  

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Full Text Available The status of the genus Bostryx is discussed and, based on morphological and molecular data, restricted to a group of species related to B. solutus, for which the new subfamily name Bostrycinae is introduced.

Abraham Breure

2012-01-01

95

Description of a new species of the genus Arganiella Giusti & Pezzoli, 1980 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae) from the Iberian Peninsula  

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Full Text Available A new species of Arganiella Giusti & Pezzoli, 1980, up to now a monotypic genus, thought to be endemic to the Italian Central Apennines, is described from the Iberian Peninsula. This new species, named Arganiella tartessica, is located in southwestern Spain, provinces of Huelva and Badajoz. In this paper, a detailed description of its morphological characters is given and new data of nervous system and ciliated areas in the cephalic region are provided.Se describe una especie ibérica de Arganiella Giusti y Pezzoli, 1980, un género que hasta ahora se consideraba monotípico y endémico de los Apeninos centrales italianos. Esta nueva especie, denominada Arganiella tartessica, ha sido localizada en el sureste español, en las provincias de Huelva y Badajoz. En este artículo se describen en detalle sus caracteres morfológicos y se presentan datos, hasta la fecha desconocidos en el género Arganiella, del sistema nervioso y de áreas ciliadas en la región cefálica.

Arconada, B.; Ramos, M.ª A.

2007-01-01

96

New records of Omalonyx matheroni (Pontiez & Michaud, 1835) (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Succineidae) for the São Paulo and Paraná States.  

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Full Text Available Omalonyx matheroni is a succineid gastropod that lives on aquatic macrophytes and on emergent vegetation in the wetlands of inner deltas, lakes and dikes. Occurrences of this species were recorded in the municipalities of Ibitinga (SP) and Paranaguá (PR), broadening its distribution southwards in South America. Until now this species had been recorded in Demerara (Guiana), Zanderij and Belwaarde (Suriname), Guiana Francesa, Peru, Limoncocha (Equador), Amazonas, Pará, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais (Brazil), as well as on the islands of Guadalupe and Trinidade.

Janine Oliveira Arruda; Daniel Pereira; Paulo Eduardo Aydos Bergonci; Cíntia Pinheiro dos Santos; Maria Cristina Dreher Mansur

2009-01-01

97

Effects of endocrine disruptors on prosobranch snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the laboratory. Part II: Triphenyltin as a xeno-androgen.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In laboratory experiments the effects of suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals on freshwater and marine prosobranch species were analysed. In this second of three publications the responses of the freshwater ramshorn snail Marisa cornuarietis and of two marine prosobranchs (the dogwhelk Nucella lapillus and the netted whelk Hinia reticulata) to the xeno-androgenic model compound triphenyltin (TPT) are presented. Marisa and Nucella were exposed via water (nominal concentrations 5-500 ng TPT-Sn/L) and Hinia via sediments (nominal concentrations 50-500 micrograms TPT-Sn/kg dry wt.) for up to 4 months. Female ramshorn snails but not the two marine species developed imposex in a time and concentration dependent manner (EC10 4 months: 12.3 ng TPT-Sn/L) with a comparable intensity as described for tributyltin. TPT reduced furthermore the fecundity of Marisa at lower concentrations (EC10 4 months: 5.59 ng TPT-Sn/L) with a complete inhibition of spawning at nominal concentrations > or = 250 ng TPT-Sn/L (mean measured +/- SD: > or = 163 +/- 97.0 ng TPT-Sn/L). The extension of the pallial sex organs (penis with accessory structures and prostate gland) of male ramshorn snails and dogwhelks were reduced by up to 25% compared to the control but not in netted whelks. Histopathological analyses for M. cornuarietis and H. reticulata provide evidence for a marked impairment of spermatogenesis (both species) and oogenesis (only netted whelks). The test compound induced a highly significant and concentration independent increase in the incidence of hyperplasia on gills, osphradia and other organs in the mantle cavity of N. lapillus indicating a carcinogenic potential of TPT. The results show that prosobranchs are sensitive to endocrine disruption at environmentally relevant concentrations of TPT. Also, M. cornuarietis is a promising candidate for a future organismic invertebrate system to identify endocrine-mimetic test compounds.

Schulte-Oehlmann U; Tillmann M; Markert B; Oehlmann J; Watermann B; Scherf S

2000-12-01

98

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971  

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Full Text Available Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.

Carvalho Omar dos Santos; Teles Horácio MS; Mota Ester Maria; Mendonça Cristiane Lafetá Gomes Furtado de; Lenzi Henrique Leonel

2003-01-01

99

First report of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) in Achatina fulica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Southeast and South Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a worldwide-distributed zoonotic nematode that can cause human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Here, for the first time, we report the isolation of A. cantonensis from Achatina fulica from two Brazilian states: Rio de Janeiro (specifically the municipalities of Barra do Piraí, situated at the Paraiba River Valley region and São Gonçalo, situated at the edge of Guanabara Bay) and Santa Catarina (in municipality of Joinvi (more) lle). The lungworms were identified by comparing morphological and morphometrical data obtained from adult worms to values obtained from experimental infections of A. cantonensis from Pernambuco, Brazil, and Akita, Japan. Only a few minor morphological differences that were determined to represent intra-specific variation were observed. This report of A. cantonensis in South and Southeast Brazil, together with the recent report of the zoonosis and parasite-infected molluscs in Northeast Brazil, provide evidence of the wide distribution of A. cantonensis in the country. The need for efforts to better understand the role of A. fulica in the transmission of meningoencephalitis in Brazil and the surveillance of molluscs and rodents, particularly in ports, is emphasized.

Maldonado Júnior, Arnaldo; Simões, Raquel O; Oliveira, Ana Paula M; Motta, Esther M; Fernandez, Mônica A; Pereira, Zilene M; Monteiro, Simone S; Torres, Eduardo J Lopes; Thiengo, Silvana Carvalho

2010-11-01

100

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Céspedes 1971.  

Science.gov (United States)

Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns. PMID:15049117

Carvalho, Omar dos Santos; Teles, Horácio M; Mota, Ester Maria; Lafetá, Cristiane; de Mendonça, Gomes Furtado; Lenzi, Henrique Leonel

 
 
 
 
101

First report of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) in Achatina fulica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Southeast and South Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a worldwide-distributed zoonotic nematode that can cause human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Here, for the first time, we report the isolation of A. cantonensis from Achatina fulica from two Brazilian states: Rio de Janeiro (specifically the municipalities of Barra do Piraí, situated at the Paraiba River Valley region and São Gonçalo, situated at the edge of Guanabara Bay) and Santa Catarina (in municipality of Joinville). The lungworms were identified by comparing morphological and morphometrical data obtained from adult worms to values obtained from experimental infections of A. cantonensis from Pernambuco, Brazil, and Akita, Japan. Only a few minor morphological differences that were determined to represent intra-specific variation were observed. This report of A. cantonensis in South and Southeast Brazil, together with the recent report of the zoonosis and parasite-infected molluscs in Northeast Brazil, provide evidence of the wide distribution of A. cantonensis in the country. The need for efforts to better understand the role of A. fulica in the transmission of meningoencephalitis in Brazil and the surveillance of molluscs and rodents, particularly in ports, is emphasized. PMID:21120369

Maldonado Jr, Arnaldo; Simões, Raquel O; Oliveira, Ana Paula M; Motta, Esther M; Fernandez, Mônica A; Pereira, Zilene M; Monteiro, Simone S; Torres, Eduardo J Lopes; Thiengo, Silvana Carvalho

2010-11-01

102

First report of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) in Achatina fulica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Southeast and South Brazil.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a worldwide-distributed zoonotic nematode that can cause human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Here, for the first time, we report the isolation of A. cantonensis from Achatina fulica from two Brazilian states: Rio de Janeiro (specifically the municipalities of Barra do Piraí, situated at the Paraiba River Valley region and São Gonçalo, situated at the edge of Guanabara Bay) and Santa Catarina (in municipality of Joinville). The lungworms were identified by comparing morphological and morphometrical data obtained from adult worms to values obtained from experimental infections of A. cantonensis from Pernambuco, Brazil, and Akita, Japan. Only a few minor morphological differences that were determined to represent intra-specific variation were observed. This report of A. cantonensis in South and Southeast Brazil, together with the recent report of the zoonosis and parasite-infected molluscs in Northeast Brazil, provide evidence of the wide distribution of A. cantonensis in the country. The need for efforts to better understand the role of A. fulica in the transmission of meningoencephalitis in Brazil and the surveillance of molluscs and rodents, particularly in ports, is emphasized.

Maldonado Jr A; Simões RO; Oliveira AP; Motta EM; Fernandez MA; Pereira ZM; Monteiro SS; Torres EJ; Thiengo SC

2010-11-01

103

First report of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) in Achatina fulica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Southeast and South Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a worldwide-distributed zoonotic nematode that can cause human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Here, for the first time, we report the isolation of A. cantonensis from Achatina fulica from two Brazilian states: Rio de Janeiro (specifically the municipalities of Barra do Piraí, situated at the Paraiba River Valley region and São Gonçalo, situated at the edge of Guanabara Bay) and Santa Catarina (in municipality of Joinville). The lungworms were identified by comparing morphological and morphometrical data obtained from adult worms to values obtained from experimental infections of A. cantonensis from Pernambuco, Brazil, and Akita, Japan. Only a few minor morphological differences that were determined to represent intra-specific variation were observed. This report of A. cantonensis in South and Southeast Brazil, together with the recent report of the zoonosis and parasite-infected molluscs in Northeast Brazil, provide evidence of the wide distribution of A. cantonensis in the country. The need for efforts to better understand the role of A. fulica in the transmission of meningoencephalitis in Brazil and the surveillance of molluscs and rodents, particularly in ports, is emphasized.

Arnaldo Maldonado Júnior; Raquel O Simões; Ana Paula M Oliveira; Esther M Motta; Mônica A Fernandez; Zilene M Pereira; Simone S Monteiro; Eduardo J Lopes Torres; Silvana Carvalho Thiengo

2010-01-01

104

Potentiality of Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) as intermediate host of the Angiostrongylus costaricensis Morera & Cespedes 1971.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Samples of Achatina fulica were experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus costaricensis larvae, etiological agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, showing that A. fulica is susceptible to the parasite. Achatina fulica may be a risk to urbanization of abdominal angiostrongyliasis presumably due to its high proliferation, continuous dispersion and remarkable adaptation in several Brazilian towns.

Carvalho Odos S; Teles HM; Mota EM; Lafetá C; de Mendonça GF; Lenzi HL

2003-11-01

105

Molecular systematics of the Carinarion complex (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata): a taxonomic riddle caused by a mixed breeding system  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The original description of the slugs Arion (Carinarion) fasciatus, Arion (Carinarion) silvaticus and Arion (Carinarion) circumscriptus was based on subtle differences in body pigmentation and genital anatomy. However, body pigmentation in these slugs may be influenced by their diet, whereas the genital differences between the species could not be confirmed by subsequent multivariate morphometric analyses. Hence, the status of the three nominal morphospecies remains controversial, with electrophoretic studies based on albumen gland proteins and allozymes also providing conflicting results. These studies suggested that Carinarion species are difficult to reconcile with the biological species concept because there is evidence of interspecific hybridization in places where these predominantly self-fertilizing slugs apparently outcross. Therefore, in the present study, the three Carinarion species are evaluated under a phylogenetic species concept, using nucleotide sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) and the mitochondrial 16S rDNA. ITS-1 showed no species specific variation. However, 16S rDNA yielded five haplotype groups. Three of these grouped haplotypes by species, whereas the two others joined haplotypes of different species and included all haplotypes that were shared by species (22% of all haplotypes). Hence, the three nominal Carinarion species appear to be inconsistent with a phylogenetic species concept. The present data also confirmed that North American Carinarion populations are genetically impoverished and may be not sufficiently representative with respect to the taxonomy of Carinarion. In conclusion, we currently regard Carinarion as a single species-level taxon, whose taxonomically deceiving, correlated phenotypic and genetic intraspecific variation is caused by sustained self-fertilization.

GEENEN SOFIE; JORDAENS KURT; BACKELJAU THIERRY

2006-12-01

106

Patterns of larval distribution and settlement of Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) in fjords and channels of southern Chile/ Patrones de distribución de larvas y asentamiento de Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) en fiordos y canales del sur de Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Concholepas concholepas (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Muricidae) se distribuye entre las costas del sur de Perú y extremo sur de Chile. Prácticamente todos los estudios sobre este gastrópodo han sido realizados en costas expuestas, sin considerar los fiordos y canales del sur de Chile, a pesar de que estos representan aproximadamente el 95 % de la línea costera de este país. Aunque se ha publicado un importante volumen de literatura sobre C. concholepas, existen escasos ant (more) ecedentes acerca de su desarrollo larval temprano en condiciones naturales, principalmente debido a que estos estadios han sido escasamente recolectados en la naturaleza. Este estudio es el primer intento por determinar los patrones de abundancia espacial y temporal de larvas de C. concholepas a través de su desarrollo hasta el asentamiento, en su ambiente natural. Para ello, fueron recolectadas muestras de plancton semanalmente en superficie y 8 m de profundidad en cuatro canales del sur de Chile. Temperatura y salinidad fueron registradas simultáneamente en cada sector. El asentamiento fue cuantificado usando un sustrato artificial en los cuatro sectores. En este estudio se observó que el desarrollo larval de C. concholepas ocurre durante todo el año en las aguas interiores del sur de Chile, observándose estados tempranos principalmente entre agosto y marzo, estados competentes entre junio y agosto, y asentamiento entre julio y agosto. Así, C. concholepas parece tener un largo periodo de desarrollo larval cuya duración fue estimada entre 6 a 12 meses en este estudio. Finalmente se sugiere que la hidrología local puede afectar el desarrollo larval de C. concholepas en esta región. Nuevas investigaciones oceanográficas y ecológicas son necesarias para responder las interrogantes e hipótesis surgidas de este estudio Abstract in english The distribution of Concholepas concholepas (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Muricidae) is limited to the coasts of Chile and southern Peru. Almost all studies of this gastropod have been carried out in open coastal systems, rather than the fjords and channels of southern Chile, despite the fact that this area represents ca. 95 % of the total coastline in this country. Although there is a large volume of background literature on C. concholepas, almost nothing is published about ear (more) ly larval development under natural conditions, mostly because early veligers have rarely been found in nature. This study is the first attempt to determine the spatial and temporal abundance and size patterns of C. concholepas larvae in their natural environment throughout all of their developmental stages until they settle. Weekly plankton samples were obtained at the surface and at 8 m depth in four locations in southern Chile in combination with temperature and salinity records in each location. Settlement was quantified using artificial substrates in all locations. We have observed that C. concholepas larval development occurs throughout the entire year in Chilean inland seas, with early veliger larvae being released mostly from August to March, reaching the competent stage around June to August, and settling between July and August. Thus, larvae appear to have a long planktonic development that can last between 6 and 12 months. Differences in local hydrology could affect larval development of C. concholepas in this region. Further oceanographic and ecological investigation is necessary in order to answer the questions and hypotheses originated from this study

MOLINET, CARLOS; ARÉVALO, ALEJANDRA; GONZÁLEZ, MARÍA TERESA; MORENO, CARLOS A.; ARATA, JAVIER; NIKLITSCHEK, EDWIN

2005-09-01

107

Comunidad de moluscos asociados al mejillón verde Perna viridis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) y sus relaciones tróficas en la costa norte de la Península de Araya, Estado Sucre, Venezuela  

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Full Text Available Perna viridis es un bivalvo procedente del Indo-Pacífico que habita en la zona intermareal y ha invadido varios ecosistemas de la costa norte del estado Sucre, Venezuela. Con la finalidad de realizar un estudio sobre las comunidades de moluscos asociadas a esta especie y sus relaciones tróficas, se llevaron a cabo muestreos bimensuales entre octubre/97 y agosto/98, en un banco natural de mejillones a dos metros de profundidad en la costa norte de la península de Araya (10°40’N -48°63’W). Los organismos fueron recolectados delimitando el área con una cuadrícula de 0.25 m². Se identificaron los organismos hasta la categoría de especies utilizando claves específicas para moluscos y bibliográficamente se les determinó categoría trófica.Se capturó un total de 1 235 individuos de P. viridis y asociados a la especie 3 163 especímenes pertenecientes al phylum Mollusca, contenidos en tres clases: Bivalvia,Gastropoda y Polyplacophora. Éstas estuvieron representadas por 50 especies correspondientes a 10 órdenes, 24 familias; para los gasterópodos se contabilizaron 25 especies, para los bivalvos 22 y tres para los poliplacóforos. Del total de las especies, 40% fueron filtradoras, 26% carnívoras, 24% herbívoras y el 10% restante presentó dos categorías.De las filtradoras las más representativas fueron: Perna perna, Musculus lateralis, Crassostrea rhizophorae y Ostrea equestris; en el grupo de los carnívoros dominaron tres especies de la familia Columbellidae:Mitrella lunata, Anachis obesa y Nitidella ocellata y para el grupo de los herbívoros destacaron dos especies de la familia Fisurellidae: Diodora cayenensis y D. minuta. Se registraron dos especies filtradoras-detritívoras, y tres especies herbívoras-filtradoras representantes del género C repidula. El alto porcentaje de filtradores sería un indicativo de que dentro de este sistema probablemente hay una mayor disponibilidad de fracciones alimenticias para este grupo.Mollusc communities associated with the green mussel Perna viridis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) and their trophic relations on the north coast of Araya Peninsula, Sucre State, Venezuela. Perna viridis (Linné, 1758) is an Indo-Pacific bivalve of the intertidal zone that has invaded several ecosystems of the north coast of the Sucre State,Venezuela. Bimonthly samplings were carried out between October 1997 and August 1998 to study the mollusc communities associated with this species and their trophic relationships.Studies were conducted on a naturally-occuring bank of mussels two meters deep on the north coast of the peninsula of Araya (10°40’N -48°63’W). Sample organisms were collected withing areas defined by a quadrat of 0.25 m², and were identified to the species level using taxonomic keys that also included bibliographic identification of trophic level. A total of 1 235 individuals of P. viridis were collected, along with 3 163 specimens of associated species belonging to the phylum Mollusca, including bivalves, gastropods and polyplacophora.The associated mollusc organisms represented 50 species corresponding to 10 orders and 24 families, including 25 gastropod species, 22 bivalves and three polyplacophorans. With regard to trophic level 40% of the 50 species were suspensivores, 26% carnivores, 24% herbivores and the residual 10% represented two categories (suspensivore-detritivore, herbivore-suspensivore). Of the suspensivores the most common were: Perna perna, Musculus lateralis, Crassostrea rhizophorae and Ostrea equestris. The carnivore group was dominated by the three species of the Family Columbellidae, Mitrella lunata, Anachis obesa and Nitidella ocellata.The group of herbivores was dominated by two members of the family Fisurellidae, Diodora cayenensis and D. minuta.Two species of suspensivore-detritívore and three species of herbivore-suspensivore were also found in the genus Crepidula. The high percentage of suspensivores was thought indicative, inside this ecosystem, that there is probably a higher degree of nutritious fractions available to this g

Sioliz Villafranca; Mayré Jiménez

2006-01-01

108

Comunidad de moluscos asociados al mejillón verde Perna viridis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) y sus relaciones tróficas en la costa norte de la Península de Araya, Estado Sucre, Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Perna viridis es un bivalvo procedente del Indo-Pacífico que habita en la zona intermareal y ha invadido varios ecosistemas de la costa norte del estado Sucre, Venezuela. Con la finalidad de realizar un estudio sobre las comunidades de moluscos asociadas a esta especie y sus relaciones tróficas, se llevaron a cabo muestreos bimensuales entre octubre/97 y agosto/98, en un banco natural de mejillones a dos metros de profundidad en la costa norte de la península de Araya (more) (10°40?N -48°63?W). Los organismos fueron recolectados delimitando el área con una cuadrícula de 0.25 m². Se identificaron los organismos hasta la categoría de especies utilizando claves específicas para moluscos y bibliográficamente se les determinó categoría trófica.Se capturó un total de 1 235 individuos de P. viridis y asociados a la especie 3 163 especímenes pertenecientes al phylum Mollusca, contenidos en tres clases: Bivalvia,Gastropoda y Polyplacophora. Éstas estuvieron representadas por 50 especies correspondientes a 10 órdenes, 24 familias; para los gasterópodos se contabilizaron 25 especies, para los bivalvos 22 y tres para los poliplacóforos. Del total de las especies, 40% fueron filtradoras, 26% carnívoras, 24% herbívoras y el 10% restante presentó dos categorías.De las filtradoras las más representativas fueron: Perna perna, Musculus lateralis, Crassostrea rhizophorae y Ostrea equestris; en el grupo de los carnívoros dominaron tres especies de la familia Columbellidae:Mitrella lunata, Anachis obesa y Nitidella ocellata y para el grupo de los herbívoros destacaron dos especies de la familia Fisurellidae: Diodora cayenensis y D. minuta. Se registraron dos especies filtradoras-detritívoras, y tres especies herbívoras-filtradoras representantes del género C repidula. El alto porcentaje de filtradores sería un indicativo de que dentro de este sistema probablemente hay una mayor disponibilidad de fracciones alimenticias para este grupo. Abstract in english Mollusc communities associated with the green mussel Perna viridis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) and their trophic relations on the north coast of Araya Peninsula, Sucre State, Venezuela. Perna viridis (Linné, 1758) is an Indo-Pacific bivalve of the intertidal zone that has invaded several ecosystems of the north coast of the Sucre State,Venezuela. Bimonthly samplings were carried out between October 1997 and August 1998 to study the mollusc communities associated with this speci (more) es and their trophic relationships.Studies were conducted on a naturally-occuring bank of mussels two meters deep on the north coast of the peninsula of Araya (10°40?N -48°63?W). Sample organisms were collected withing areas defined by a quadrat of 0.25 m², and were identified to the species level using taxonomic keys that also included bibliographic identification of trophic level. A total of 1 235 individuals of P. viridis were collected, along with 3 163 specimens of associated species belonging to the phylum Mollusca, including bivalves, gastropods and polyplacophora.The associated mollusc organisms represented 50 species corresponding to 10 orders and 24 families, including 25 gastropod species, 22 bivalves and three polyplacophorans. With regard to trophic level 40% of the 50 species were suspensivores, 26% carnivores, 24% herbivores and the residual 10% represented two categories (suspensivore-detritivore, herbivore-suspensivore). Of the suspensivores the most common were: Perna perna, Musculus lateralis, Crassostrea rhizophorae and Ostrea equestris. The carnivore group was dominated by the three species of the Family Columbellidae, Mitrella lunata, Anachis obesa and Nitidella ocellata.The group of herbivores was dominated by two members of the family Fisurellidae, Diodora cayenensis and D. minuta.Two species of suspensivore-detritívore and three species of herbivore-suspensivore were also found in the genus Crepidula. The high percentage of suspensivores was thought indicative, inside this ecosystem, that there is probably a highe

Villafranca, Sioliz; Jiménez, Mayré

2006-12-01

109

Sensitivities of Achatina giant neurones to peptides isolated from mollusca.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sensitivities of the Achatina giant neurones to the peptides isolated from Mollusca were examined by their local application of the pneumatic pressure ejection under current clamp. The peptides tested and their effects were as follows: Ser2-MIP (inhibitory). CARP (inhibitory), oxytocin (excitatory), SPCB (excitatory), alpha-BCP (no effect). ELH (no effect). APGW-amide (inhibitory) and FMRFamide (inhibitory). Membrane conductance (g) of a neurone, d-RPeAN, measured under voltage clamp, was unexpectedly decreased by SCPB during inward current (Iin) caused by the peptide. PMID:8098562

Liu, G J; Santos, D E; Takeuchi, H

1993-01-01

110

Sensitivities of Achatina giant neurones to peptides isolated from mollusca.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Sensitivities of the Achatina giant neurones to the peptides isolated from Mollusca were examined by their local application of the pneumatic pressure ejection under current clamp. The peptides tested and their effects were as follows: Ser2-MIP (inhibitory). CARP (inhibitory), oxytocin (excitatory), SPCB (excitatory), alpha-BCP (no effect). ELH (no effect). APGW-amide (inhibitory) and FMRFamide (inhibitory). Membrane conductance (g) of a neurone, d-RPeAN, measured under voltage clamp, was unexpectedly decreased by SCPB during inward current (Iin) caused by the peptide.

Liu GJ; Santos DE; Takeuchi H

1993-01-01

111

Verspreiding van Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912) en Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903) (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) in Suid-Afrika  

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Full Text Available Die voorkoms van verteenwoordigers van die Ancylidae in Suid-Afrika is reeds in 1848 gerapporteer. Die eerste omvattende studie van hierdie familie in Suid-Afrika is egter eers in 1923 gepubliseer. Alhoewel verskeie bydraes sedertdien gepubliseer is, is verskeie outeurs van mening dat bestaande kennis oor die Ancylidae steeds gebrekkig is en dat hersiening nie net op spesievlak nie maar ook op genus-vlak nodig is. Tans is daar 14 Burnupia spesies op rekord in die databasis van die Nasionale Varswaterslakversameling (NVWSV). Hierdie bydrae handel oor die geogra? ese verspreiding en habitats van B. capensis en B. stenochorias die twee Ancylidae spesies waarvan die meeste versamelpunte in die databasis van die NVWSV op rekord is en wat ook die mees wydverspreide geogra? ese verspreiding van hierdie familie vertoon. Alhoewel beide spesies in die meerderheid van die verskeidenheid van waterliggame wat in die databasis vermeld word, aangetref is, is die grootste getal monsters van albei in standhoudende riviere en spruite en op ’n klipperige substraat versamel. Albei spesies is nie gerapporteer uit die droër streke van Suid-Afrika nie waarskynlik as gevolg van ’n beperkte vermoë om desikkasie te kan oorleef in gebiede waar standhoudende habitats ’n uitsondering is. Resultate dui daarop dat hoogte bo seevlak en aard van die substraat ’n belangrike rol gespeel het in die daarstelling van hul gedokumenteerde geogra? ese verspreiding soos weerspieël deur die rekords in die NVWSV. Min is oor die bewaringstatus van die Ancylidae van Suid-Afrika bekend, maar die karige inligting wat wel tot ons beskikking is, dui op rede tot kommer. Om sinvolle uitsprake oor die bewaringstatus en spesiediversiteit van die Mollusca van Suid-Afrika te kan maak, word aanbeveel dat van die versamelpunte op rekord weer besoek behoort te word waarna die resultate met die bestaande rekords in die databasis van die NVWSV vergelyk kan word.  AbstractDistribution of Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912) and Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903) (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) in South Africa The presence of Ancylidae in South Africa was established as early as 1848 but the ?rst comprehensive study on this family was reported in 1923. This author came to the conclusion that extensive work still had to be done before it could be declared that knowledge pertaining to the South African representatives of this family could be considered as satisfactory. Another important contribution on South African Ancylidae was published in 1939. After a detailed morphological and histological study on Burnupia mooiensis three decades later the authors stated that the axonomy of the Ancylidae still remained unsatisfactory, a view that was supported by authors as recently as 2002. The National Freshwater Snail Collection (NFSC) was established in 1956 but he oldest sample of Ancylidae on record dates back to 1954 and at present 14 species of Burnupia are represented in the database of the NFSC. This contribution deals with the geographical distribution and speci?c characteristics of the habitats of B. capensis and B. stenochorias the two most widespread species of this genus in South Africa. Very little is known of the conservation status of the Ancylidae of this country but some results pertaining to this subject are brie?y discussed. Burnupia species are relatively inconspicuous organisms that are usually attached to solid objects on the substratum or aquatic vegetation and need to be speci? cally looked for during surveys. Personnel of government authorities and municipalities who made substantial contributions to the number of samples in the NFSC therefore received special training in sampling echniques during workshops. Identi?cation of the specimens was largely based on shell and radula characteristics and on he location of the site of collection. Only samples of which the sampling sites could be located on the 1:250 000 topo cadastral map series of South Africa were considered for further analysis. Respectively 702 and 435

Kenné de Kock; Corrie Wolmarans

2009-01-01

112

Mitogenomics reveals two subspecies in Coelomactra antiquata (Mollusca: Bivalvia).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The mitochondrial genome sequence of Coelomactra antiquata (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in Zhangzhou (zz-mtDNA) was fully sequenced and compared with that in Rizhao (rz-mtDNA) in this study. A tRNA (tRNA (Met) ) located between tRNA (Ala) and cox1 genes was identified in zz-mtDNA but not in rz-mtDNA. The largest non-coding region (NCR; MNR) contained 11 copies 99nt tandem repeat sequences exclusively in rz-mtDNA, while the second largest NCR with 400 bp between tRNA (Ala) and tRNA (Met) in zz-mtDNA was absent in rz-mtDNA. Secondary structures of ZZ and RZ C. antiquata rRNAs are significantly different. The mitochondrial genomic characteristics clearly indicate that there are at least two subspecies in C. antiquata.

Meng X; Shen X; Zhao N; Tian M; Liang M; Hao J; Cheng H; Yan B; Dong Z; Zhu X

2013-04-01

113

Naididae (Annelida, Oligochaeta) associated with Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae)/ Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta) associados a Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A família Ampullaridae, pertencente à classe Gastropoda, é caracterizada por organismos de água doce com ampla distribuição na região tropical. Vermes Oligochaeta associados a esses caracóis podem ser encontrados habitando o umbílico de suas conchas. Devido à carência de informação sobre a ecologia desses vermes, o presente trabalho centrou-se em um levantamento de espécies de Oligochaeta associadas ao molusco Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Em amostragens (more) realizadas no inverno e na primavera de 2003 e no verão de 2004, foram observados 209 caracóis, sendo que somente em 58 deles foi detectada a presença de vermes Oligochaeta, correspondendo a uma incidência de 27,75%. Foram encontrados, no total, 89 oligoquetos, todos da família Naididae. As espécies Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 e Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 apresentaram a maior abundância relativa (43,68%, 12,32% e 10,08%, respectivamente). Espécimes de Haemonais waldvogeli foram encontrados em todos os períodos sazonais, o que demonstra sua afinidade com este tipo de substrato. Os resultados indicam que várias espécies de Naididae encontram no umbílico da concha (que contém detrito fino) um habitat favorável para seu estabelecimento. Abstract in english The family Amplullaridae belongs to this class Gastropoda and is made up of freshwater organisms with a wide geographical distribution in tropical regions. Oligochaeta worms can be found in association with snails of this family, inhabiting the umbilicus of their shells. Due to the lack of information on the ecology of these worms, this work focused on investigating which kind of Oligochaeta species associate with the mollusk Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Samples were (more) collected during winter and spring 2003 and summer 2004. From a total of 209 snails collected, the presence of Oligochaeta worms was observed in only 58 of them (27.75%). In these infected snails, 89 Oligochaeta worms were found, all belonging to the family Naididae. The species Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 and Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 were the most abundant (43.68%, 12.32% and 10.08%, respectively). Haemonais waldvogeli was found in all of the seasons studied, what demonstrates its affinity for this kind of substrate. The results indicate that several Naididae species find in the umbilicus of these snails's shells (which contains fine detritus) a favorable habitat for establishing themselves.

Gorni, Guilherme R.; Alves, Roberto da G.

2006-12-01

114

Naididae (Annelida, Oligochaeta) associated with Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae) Naididae (Annelida: Oligochaeta) associados a Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve) (Gastropoda, Ampullaridae)  

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Full Text Available The family Amplullaridae belongs to this class Gastropoda and is made up of freshwater organisms with a wide geographical distribution in tropical regions. Oligochaeta worms can be found in association with snails of this family, inhabiting the umbilicus of their shells. Due to the lack of information on the ecology of these worms, this work focused on investigating which kind of Oligochaeta species associate with the mollusk Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Samples were collected during winter and spring 2003 and summer 2004. From a total of 209 snails collected, the presence of Oligochaeta worms was observed in only 58 of them (27.75%). In these infected snails, 89 Oligochaeta worms were found, all belonging to the family Naididae. The species Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 and Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 were the most abundant (43.68%, 12.32% and 10.08%, respectively). Haemonais waldvogeli was found in all of the seasons studied, what demonstrates its affinity for this kind of substrate. The results indicate that several Naididae species find in the umbilicus of these snails's shells (which contains fine detritus) a favorable habitat for establishing themselves.A família Ampullaridae, pertencente à classe Gastropoda, é caracterizada por organismos de água doce com ampla distribuição na região tropical. Vermes Oligochaeta associados a esses caracóis podem ser encontrados habitando o umbílico de suas conchas. Devido à carência de informação sobre a ecologia desses vermes, o presente trabalho centrou-se em um levantamento de espécies de Oligochaeta associadas ao molusco Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856). Em amostragens realizadas no inverno e na primavera de 2003 e no verão de 2004, foram observados 209 caracóis, sendo que somente em 58 deles foi detectada a presença de vermes Oligochaeta, correspondendo a uma incidência de 27,75%. Foram encontrados, no total, 89 oligoquetos, todos da família Naididae. As espécies Haemonais waldvogeli Bretscher, 1900, Dero (Dero) nivea Aiyer, 1929 e Dero (Dero) sawayai Marcus, 1943 apresentaram a maior abundância relativa (43,68%, 12,32% e 10,08%, respectivamente). Espécimes de Haemonais waldvogeli foram encontrados em todos os períodos sazonais, o que demonstra sua afinidade com este tipo de substrato. Os resultados indicam que várias espécies de Naididae encontram no umbílico da concha (que contém detrito fino) um habitat favorável para seu estabelecimento.

Guilherme R. Gorni; Roberto da G. Alves

2006-01-01

115

The population density effects on the reproductive biology of the snail Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) (Mollusca, Gastropoda) Efeitos da densidade populacional na biologia reprodutiva do molusco Bradybaena similaris (Molusca, Gastropoda)  

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Full Text Available The influence of population density on some aspects of the reproductive biology of the snail Bradybaena similaris was studied. Molluscs were maintained under 0.2 (isolated), 0.3, 0.6, 1.0, 1.3 and 1.7 snail/m² densities. The animals maintained under 0.3 and 0.6 snail/m² showed the lowest numbers of eggs laid/snail, being the highest value observed to the 1.7 snail/m². The hatching of the snails maintained under 0.3 snail/m² density, begun at the 21st day after laying, and the maximum time required to the hatching was 36 days was observed to the eggs came from snails maintained under the densities 0.6, 1.0, 1.3 snail/m², respectively. The highest percentage hatchability (55.56%) was observed to isolated snails. The galactogen content in the albumen gland did not seem to accompany the alterations occurred in the reproduction of B. similaris in response to the different population densities.A influência da densidade populacional em alguns aspectos da biologia reprodutiva do molusco Bradybaena similaris foi estudada. Os moluscos foram mantidos em densidades de 0.2 (isolados), 0.3, 0.6, 1.0,1.3 e 1.7 moluscos/m². Nas densidades de 0.3 e 0.6 moluscos/m², os moluscos apresentaram os menores números de ovos postos por molusco, sendo o maior valor observado para essa variável na densidade de 1.7 molusco/m². A eclosão dos moluscos mantidos a uma densidade de 0.3 molusco/m², iniciou-se aos 21 dias após a postura, sendo o tempo máximo necessário para a eclosão 36 dias para ovos oriundos de moluscos mantidos nas densidades de 0.6, 1.0, 1.3 moluscos/m². O maior percentual de eclosão (55.56%) foi observado para os moluscos isolados. O conteúdo de galactogênio na glândula de albúmem parece não acompanhar as alterações na reprodução de B. similaris em resposta a diferentes densidades populacionais.

CS. de Oliveira; MC. Vasconcellos; J. Pinheiro

2008-01-01

116

Amundsen Sea Mollusca from the BIOPEARL II expedition  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Information regarding the molluscs in this dataset is based on the epibenthic sledge (EBS) samples collected during the cruise BIOPEARL II / JR179 RRS James Clark Ross in the austral summer 2008. A total of 35 epibenthic sledge deployments have been performed at five locations in the Amundsen Sea at Pine Island Bay (PIB) and the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) at depths ranging from 476 to 3501m. This presents a unique and important collection for the Antarctic benthic biodiversity assessment as the Amundsen Sea remains one of the least known regions in Antarctica. Indeed the work presented in this dataset is based on the first benthic samples collected with an EBS in the Amundsen Sea. However we assume that the data represented are an underestimation of the real fauna present in the Amundsen Sea. In total 9261 specimens belonging to 6 classes 55 families and 97 morphospecies were collected. The species richness per station varied between 6 and 43. Gastropoda were most species rich 50 species followed by Bivalvia (37), Aplacophora (5), Scaphopoda (3) and one from each of Polyplacophora and Monoplacophora.

Moreau, Camille; Linse, Katrin; Griffiths, Huw; Barnes, David; Kaiser, Stefanie; Glover, Adrian; Sands, Chester; Strugnell, Jan; Enderlein, Peter; Geissler, Paul

2013-01-01

117

Amundsen Sea Mollusca from the BIOPEARL II expedition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Information regarding the molluscs in this dataset is based on the epibenthic sledge (EBS) samples collected during the cruise BIOPEARL II / JR179 RRS James Clark Ross in the austral summer 2008. A total of 35 epibenthic sledge deployments have been performed at five locations in the Amundsen Sea at Pine Island Bay (PIB) and the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) at depths ranging from 476 to 3501m. This presents a unique and important collection for the Antarctic benthic biodiversity assessment as the Amundsen Sea remains one of the least known regions in Antarctica. Indeed the work presented in this dataset is based on the first benthic samples collected with an EBS in the Amundsen Sea. However we assume that the data represented are an underestimation of the real fauna present in the Amundsen Sea. In total 9261 specimens belonging to 6 classes 55 families and 97 morphospecies were collected. The species richness per station varied between 6 and 43. Gastropoda were most species rich 50 species followed by Bivalvia (37), Aplacophora (5), Scaphopoda (3) and one from each of Polyplacophora and Monoplacophora. PMID:23794869

Moreau, Camille; Linse, Katrin; Griffiths, Huw; Barnes, David; Kaiser, Stefanie; Glover, Adrian; Sands, Chester; Strugnell, Jan; Enderlein, Peter; Geissler, Paul

2013-04-22

118

Amundsen Sea Mollusca from the BIOPEARL II expedition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information regarding the molluscs in this dataset is based on the epibenthic sledge (EBS) samples collected during the cruise BIOPEARL II / JR179 RRS James Clark Ross in the austral summer 2008. A total of 35 epibenthic sledge deployments have been performed at five locations in the Amundsen Sea at Pine Island Bay (PIB) and the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) at depths ranging from 476 to 3501m. This presents a unique and important collection for the Antarctic benthic biodiversity assessment as the Amundsen Sea remains one of the least known regions in Antarctica. Indeed the work presented in this dataset is based on the first benthic samples collected with an EBS in the Amundsen Sea. However we assume that the data represented are an underestimation of the real fauna present in the Amundsen Sea. In total 9261 specimens belonging to 6 classes 55 families and 97 morphospecies were collected. The pecies richness per station varied between 6 and 43. Gastropoda were most species rich 50 species followed by Bivalvia (37), Aplacophora (5), Scaphopoda (3) and one from each of Polyplacophora and Monoplacophora.

Camille Moreau; Katrin Linse; Huw Griffiths; David Barnes; Stefanie Kaiser; Adrian Glover; Chester Sands; Jan Strugnell; Peter Enderlein; Paul Geissler

2013-01-01

119

Amundsen Sea Mollusca from the BIOPEARL II expedition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Information regarding the molluscs in this dataset is based on the epibenthic sledge (EBS) samples collected during the cruise BIOPEARL II / JR179 RRS James Clark Ross in the austral summer 2008. A total of 35 epibenthic sledge deployments have been performed at five locations in the Amundsen Sea at Pine Island Bay (PIB) and the Amundsen Sea Embayment (ASE) at depths ranging from 476 to 3501m. This presents a unique and important collection for the Antarctic benthic biodiversity assessment as the Amundsen Sea remains one of the least known regions in Antarctica. Indeed the work presented in this dataset is based on the first benthic samples collected with an EBS in the Amundsen Sea. However we assume that the data represented are an underestimation of the real fauna present in the Amundsen Sea. In total 9261 specimens belonging to 6 classes 55 families and 97 morphospecies were collected. The species richness per station varied between 6 and 43. Gastropoda were most species rich 50 species followed by Bivalvia (37), Aplacophora (5), Scaphopoda (3) and one from each of Polyplacophora and Monoplacophora.

Moreau C; Linse K; Griffiths H; Barnes D; Kaiser S; Glover A; Sands C; Strugnell J; Enderlein P; Geissler P

2013-01-01

120

Predação e foresia (ocasional?) entre imaturos de Simuliidae (Diptera: Culicomorpha) e Asolene (Pomella) Megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Ampullaridae) Predation and phoretic association (occasional?) among immature stages of Simuliidae (Diptera: Culicomorpha) and Asolene (Pomella) megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) (Mollusca: Ampullaridae)  

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Full Text Available The predation and phoretic association (occasional?) among simulids and mollusks are being registered here for the first time on the Neotropical region. These inter-relations observations were obtained among Asolene (Pomella) megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) and the simulids: Simulium (Thyrsopelma) Orbitale Lutz, 1910; Simulium (Psaroniocompsa) spp. The material studied is proceeding from the Uruguai river Hidrological Basin. Based on the mollusks natural habitat, it is here suggested his use as a possible integrated management element for simulids species which immature stages live on mighty river with rocks.

Sandra Magni Darwich; Victor Py-Daniel; Lúcia Beatriz Lopes Ferreira Mardini

1989-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Predação e foresia (ocasional?) entre imaturos de Simuliidae (Diptera: Culicomorpha) e Asolene (Pomella) Megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Ampullaridae)/ Predation and phoretic association (occasional?) among immature stages of Simuliidae (Diptera: Culicomorpha) and Asolene (Pomella) megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) (Mollusca: Ampullaridae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The predation and phoretic association (occasional?) among simulids and mollusks are being registered here for the first time on the Neotropical region. These inter-relations observations were obtained among Asolene (Pomella) megastoma (Sowerby, 1825) and the simulids: Simulium (Thyrsopelma) Orbitale Lutz, 1910; Simulium (Psaroniocompsa) spp. The material studied is proceeding from the Uruguai river Hidrological Basin. Based on the mollusks natural habitat, it is here sug (more) gested his use as a possible integrated management element for simulids species which immature stages live on mighty river with rocks.

Darwich, Sandra Magni; Py-Daniel, Victor; Mardini, Lúcia Beatriz Lopes Ferreira

1989-01-01

122

Agfa morandi sp. n. (Rhabditida, Agfidae) a parasite of Limax sp. (Gastropoda, Limacidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Agfa morandi sp. n. (Rhabditida, Agfidae), a parasite of Limax sp. (Gastropoda, Limacidae) from Py (Pyrenean mountains, France), is described and illustrated. The present species can be separated from the other two members of the same genus, A. flexilis (Rudolphi, 1819) Morand, 1990 and A. tauricus Korol and Spiridonov, 1991, by size measurements, number and disposition of the male's genital papillae, shape of the spicule and number of eggs in the female. PMID:12122432

Ribas, A; Casanova, J C

2002-04-30

123

Agfa morandi sp. n. (Rhabditida, Agfidae) a parasite of Limax sp. (Gastropoda, Limacidae).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Agfa morandi sp. n. (Rhabditida, Agfidae), a parasite of Limax sp. (Gastropoda, Limacidae) from Py (Pyrenean mountains, France), is described and illustrated. The present species can be separated from the other two members of the same genus, A. flexilis (Rudolphi, 1819) Morand, 1990 and A. tauricus Korol and Spiridonov, 1991, by size measurements, number and disposition of the male's genital papillae, shape of the spicule and number of eggs in the female.

Ribas A; Casanova JC

2002-08-01

124

A new species of Aeneator Finlay, 1926 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from northern Chile, with comments on the genus and a key to the Chilean species  

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Full Text Available A new species of the genus Aeneator Finlay, 1926 is described from off the coast of Caldera (27°S), northern Chile. Aeneator martae sp. n. has a small, broad, stout, angulated shell with more prominent axial ribs and a more obviously keeled periphery than all previously named Chilean species. Comparisons are provided with all other South American named species of Aeneator.

Juan Francisco Araya

2013-01-01

125

A new species of Aeneator Finlay, 1926 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from northern Chile, with comments on the genus and a key to the Chilean species.  

Science.gov (United States)

A new species of the genus Aeneator Finlay, 1926 is described from off the coast of Caldera (27°S), northern Chile. Aeneator martae sp. n. has a small, broad, stout, angulated shell with more prominent axial ribs and a more obviously keeled periphery than all previously named Chilean species. Comparisons are provided with all other South American named species of Aeneator. PMID:23653495

Araya, Juan Francisco

2013-01-14

126

Heavy metal levels in the sediments of four Dar es Salaam mangroves: accumulation in, and effect on the morphology of the periwinkle, Littoraria scabra (Mollusca: Gastropoda)  

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Heavy metals were determined in the soft tissue and shells of the littorinid, Littoraria scabra, and in the sediments of four mangrove areas along the Dar es Salaam coastline where L. scabra was collected. Several metals accumulate, preferentially in the animals' soft body parts, but d...

De Wolf, H.; Ulomi, S.A.; Backeljau, T.; Pratap, H.B.; Blust, R.

127

Scanning electron microscopy and molecular characterization of a new Haplosporidium species (Haplosporidia), a parasite of the marine gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Siphonariidae) in the Gulf of Mexico.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Based on scanning electron microscopy and the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA), Haplosporidium tuxtlensis n. sp. (Haplosporidia), a parasite found in the visceral tissues of the false limpet Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758), is described. The spores are ellipsoidal (3.61 ± 0.15 µm × 2.69 ± 0.19 µm), with a circular lid (2.94 ± 0.5 µm) representing the operculum. The spore wall bears filaments occurring singly, or in clusters, of 2 to 8, fusing distally. Phylogenetic relationships of H. tuxtlensis n. sp. were assessed with other described species using the SSU rRNA sequence. Haplosporidium tuxtlensis n. sp. is sister taxon to Haplosporidium pickfordi Barrow, 1961. The morphological characteristics (spore wall structure, shape, size, and filament structure) and the unique host identity corroborate it as a new species. Additionally, this is the first record of Haplosporidia infecting striped false limpets in the Gulf of Mexico.

Vea IM; Siddall ME

2011-12-01

128

Scanning electron microscopy and molecular characterization of a new Haplosporidium species (Haplosporidia), a parasite of the marine gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Siphonariidae) in the Gulf of Mexico.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on scanning electron microscopy and the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA), Haplosporidium tuxtlensis n. sp. (Haplosporidia), a parasite found in the visceral tissues of the false limpet Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758), is described. The spores are ellipsoidal (3.61 ± 0.15 µm × 2.69 ± 0.19 µm), with a circular lid (2.94 ± 0.5 µm) representing the operculum. The spore wall bears filaments occurring singly, or in clusters, of 2 to 8, fusing distally. Phylogenetic relationships of H. tuxtlensis n. sp. were assessed with other described species using the SSU rRNA sequence. Haplosporidium tuxtlensis n. sp. is sister taxon to Haplosporidium pickfordi Barrow, 1961. The morphological characteristics (spore wall structure, shape, size, and filament structure) and the unique host identity corroborate it as a new species. Additionally, this is the first record of Haplosporidia infecting striped false limpets in the Gulf of Mexico. PMID:21787213

Vea, Isabelle M; Siddall, Mark E

2011-07-25

129

Fertilization causes a single Ca2+ increase that fully depends on Ca2+ influx in oocytes of limpets (Phylum Mollusca, Class Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

Mature limpet oocytes arrested at the first metaphase (MI) of meiosis are activated by the stimulation of fertilizing sperm. The aim of the present study was to clarify the spatiotemporal property and mechanism of intracellular Ca2+ increase in limpet oocytes, which is a prerequisite signal for initiation of development at fertilization. In all of the five limpet species tested, the initial Ca2+ rising phase just after fertilization took the form of a centripetal Ca2+ wave spreading from the whole cortex to the center (cortical flash), yielding a homogeneous Ca2+ elevation throughout the oocyte. The Ca2+ level remained high during the subsequent plateau phase lasting for several minutes and then returned nearly to the original value. No additional Ca2+ increase followed the plateau phase at least by the time of first cleavage. Both rising and plateau phases of Ca2+ increase at fertilization were inhibited by removal of external Ca2+, suggesting that continuous Ca2+ entry occurs throughout the Ca2+ increase. Injection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) was effective in generating a Ca2+ increase in mature limpet oocytes arrested at MI; however, their ability to show an IP3-induced Ca2+ increase was extremely low, as compared with other animals. Responsiveness to IP3 injection in immature oocytes arrested at the first prophase (PI) was similar to that in the mature oocytes, suggesting that the IP3-induced Ca2+ release system does not develop during the process of meiotic maturation in limpet oocytes. Caffeine, cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR), and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), the agents known to stimulate internal Ca2+ release mechanisms distinct from an IP3-dependent pathway, had no effect on intracellular Ca2+ changes in mature limpet oocytes. Labeling of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with DiI revealed that cortical ER clusters are only present in the localized region around meiotic chromosomes in mature oocytes. These data strongly suggest that Ca2+ release and its propagating mechanisms are undeveloped in limpet oocytes and that Ca2+ influx is the only Ca2+-mobilizing system available and functioning at fertilization. PMID:17292344

Deguchi, Ryusaku

2007-01-13

130

A new species of Aeneator Finlay, 1926 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from northern Chile, with comments on the genus and a key to the Chilean species.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A new species of the genus Aeneator Finlay, 1926 is described from off the coast of Caldera (27°S), northern Chile. Aeneator martae sp. n. has a small, broad, stout, angulated shell with more prominent axial ribs and a more obviously keeled periphery than all previously named Chilean species. Comparisons are provided with all other South American named species of Aeneator.

Araya JF

2013-01-01

131

Effects of crude oil on the behavior of Lymnaea peregra (Mollusca: gastropoda). Raaka-oeljyn vaikutus Lymnaea peregran kaeyttaeytymiseen akvaariokokeen perusteella  

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The effects of oil polluted water (crude oil) on the behavior of L. pereqra were tested (4 l aquaria, static test, 96 h, no food added, surface slick not removed, water temp. +17 S deg C, S 4 o/oo, 3 parallel test/conc, 10 - 15 ind./aquaria). The activity of the snails was measured 3 times a day by counting the proportion of individuals crawling around within one minute. The activity of the snails was negatively affected in oil solutions of 0.1 to 1.0 vol-%. In the 1 vol-% oil solution the snails were paralysed after being exposed for 24 h and they were unable to crawl around for the next 24 h. The reproduction of the snails (egg laying) was negatively affected by oil. In the excrements of the snails small oil balls could be seen, more in the 0.1 vol-% solution than in the 1 vol-% solution. The mortality was two times higher in the 1 vol-% solution (40 %) than in the control (18 %).

Lax, H.J.; Vainio, T.

1988-01-01

132

Mollusca, Gastropoda, Ellobioidea, Carychium minimum O.F. Muller, 1774: Filling gaps. New population record for the State of New York, Northeastern United States  

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Full Text Available The current note reports two new populations of the introduced snail Carychium minimum O.F. Müller, 1774 atIthaca, New York, USA. It confirms the naturalization of this species in Northeastern North America, which was previouslyknown on drift material only.

Weigand, A. M.; Jochum, A.

2010-01-01

133

Nueva especie de Planorbidae (Gastropoda: Basommatophora) en la Patagonia chilena: Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov. First record of Planorbidae (Mollusca: Basommatophora) in Chilean Patagonia: Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov.  

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Full Text Available En Chile la familia Planorbidae está representada por el género Biomphalaria Preston, 1910, compuesta por siete especies distribuidas desde Isluga hasta el río Puelo. De estas especies, solo B.peregrina, ampliamente distribuida en el neotrópico, y Biomphalaria aymara de Isluga, han sido reconocidas sobre la base de la morfología del sistema reproductor y la rádula, caracteres que fueron utilizados en el presente estudio para diferenciar a Biomphalaria cristiani como nueva especie del grupo y primer registro de la familia en la Patagonia chilena, ampliando su actual rango de distribución. Los caracteres que permiten la diagnosis de B. cristiani son el saco vaginal vestigial truncado, ausencia del desarrollo de los músculos suspensores del pene, vaina del pene corta en relación al prepucio, oviducto largo en relación al espermioducto y vaso deferente más delgado y largo que la vaina del pene, de tamano similar al prepucio. La localidad tipo de Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov. es Laguna Cisnes (47°7'10.02"S, 72°27'40.65"W), región de Aysén.The family Planorbidae in Chile is represented by the genus Biomphalaria Preston, 1910, consisting of seven species distributed from Isluga to Puelo River. Of these species, only Biomphalaria peregrina widely distributed in the neotropical and Biomphalaria aymara from Isluga are recognized based on the morphology of the reproductive system and radula, characters that were used in the following study to differentiate Biomphalaria cristiani as a new species of this group and first record of the family in Chilean Patagonia, extending its current distribution range. The characters for the diagnosis of B. cristiani are: truncated vestigial vaginal pouch, lack of development of the penis retractor muscles, penis sheath shorter than the prepuce, oviduct longer than the spermiduct and vas deferens thinner and longer than the penis sheath, similar size to the prepuce. The type locality of B. cristiani nov. sp. is Laguna Cisnes (47°7'10.02"S; 72°27'40.65"W), Aysén region.

Carmen Fuentealba; Ricardo Figueroa

2012-01-01

134

Activation of anaerobic metabolism in Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca: Gastropoda) experimentally infected by Angyostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda, Metastrongylidae) by high-performance liquid chromatography.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The activity of lactate dehydrogenase and the concentrations of glucose in the hemolymph and of glycogen in the digestive gland and cephalopedal mass of Biomphalaria glabrata experimentally infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis were evaluated. Additionally, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine the hemolymph concentrations of some carboxylic acids (oxalic, piruvic, lactic and succinic). After one, two and three weeks of infection, the snails were dissected to collect the hemolymph and separate the tissues. A significant reduction of the levels of glucose in the hemolymph was observed as of the first week of infection in relation to the control group. The activity of lactate dehydrogenase of the infected group was significantly higher that the average for the control group. This increase was accompanied by a reduction of the levels of piruvic acid and an increase in the levels of lactic acid in the hemolymph of the parasited snails, confirming the acceleration of the anaerobic metabolism, necessary for the host to obtain energy and maintain its redox balance. In parallel, there was a decrease in the glycogen content of the storage tissues, with that reduction being significantly greater in the cephalopedal mass than the digestive gland, demonstrating that in this interaction system, the mobilization of glycogen was not sufficient to maintain and reestablish the normal glycemia of the infected snails.

Tunholi-Alves VM; Tunholi VM; Castro RN; Sant'ana LD; Santos-Amaral L; de Oliveira AP; Garcia J; Thiengo SC; Pinheiro J; Maldonado A Jr

2013-09-01

135

Effect of pollution on some freshwater species. I. histochemical and biochemical features of lead pollution on some organs of Viviparus viviparus L. (Mollusca Gastropoda)  

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Experimental lead pollution was studied in some organs (foot, mantle and digestive gland) of Viviparus viviparus L. The amount of lead contained after 48h, 96 h and one week of pollution were established using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. On the basis of physicochemical determination, it turns out that lead is mainly concentrated in the mantle. The biochemical tests (cholesterol, sulpholipids and phospholipids) were aimed at evaluating the lipids involved in the membranes. The histochemical research was carried out chiefly to evaluate the modifications of polysaccharides and proteins. Some hydrolytic enzymes (Na+ and K+ dependent ATPase) and some ooreductive enzymes (NADH+ and NADPH+ dependent diaphorases, D-lactate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-P-dehydrogenase) were also tested. The digestive gland is the most severely damaged organ as proved by histomorphological and biochemical analyses.

Benedetti, I.; Benedetti, L.; Bolognani, L.; Bolognani Fantin, A.M.; Marini, M.; Ottaviani, E.

1982-01-01

136

Annotated type catalogue of the Orthalicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the Royal Belgian Institute of Sciences, Brussels, with descriptions of two new species  

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Full Text Available  The type status is described of 57 taxa from the superfamily Orthalicoidea in the collection of the Brussels museum. Two new species are described: Stenostylus perturbatus spec. nov., and Suniellus adriani spec. nov. A new lectotype is designated for Thaumastus alausiensis Cousin, 1887. New combinations are: Bostryx borellii (Ancey, 1897); Bostryx carandaitensis (Preston, 1907); Protoglyptus mazei (Crosse, 1874); Kuschelenia (Vermiculatus) sanborni (Haas, 1947). New synonymies are established for the following nominal taxa: Orphnus thompsoni var. lutea Cousin, 1887 = Kara thompsonii (Pfeiffer, 1845); Orphnus thompsoni var. nigricans Cousin, 1887 = Kara thompsonii (Pfeiffer, 1845); Thaumastus nystianus var. nigricans Cousin, 1887 = Drymaeus (Drymaeus) nystianus (Pfeiffer, 1853); Orphnus thompsoni var. olivacea Cousin, 1887 = Kara thompsonii (Pfeiffer, 1845); Orphnus thompsoni var. zebra Cousin, 1887 = Kara thompsonii (Pfeiffer, 1845).

Abraham Breure

2011-01-01

137

Nueva especie de Planorbidae (Gastropoda: Basommatophora) en la Patagonia chilena: Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov./ First record of Planorbidae (Mollusca: Basommatophora) in Chilean Patagonia: Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov.  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En Chile la familia Planorbidae está representada por el género Biomphalaria Preston, 1910, compuesta por siete especies distribuidas desde Isluga hasta el río Puelo. De estas especies, solo B.peregrina, ampliamente distribuida en el neotrópico, y Biomphalaria aymara de Isluga, han sido reconocidas sobre la base de la morfología del sistema reproductor y la rádula, caracteres que fueron utilizados en el presente estudio para diferenciar a Biomphalaria cristiani como (more) nueva especie del grupo y primer registro de la familia en la Patagonia chilena, ampliando su actual rango de distribución. Los caracteres que permiten la diagnosis de B. cristiani son el saco vaginal vestigial truncado, ausencia del desarrollo de los músculos suspensores del pene, vaina del pene corta en relación al prepucio, oviducto largo en relación al espermioducto y vaso deferente más delgado y largo que la vaina del pene, de tamano similar al prepucio. La localidad tipo de Biomphalaria cristiani sp. nov. es Laguna Cisnes (47°7'10.02"S, 72°27'40.65"W), región de Aysén. Abstract in english The family Planorbidae in Chile is represented by the genus Biomphalaria Preston, 1910, consisting of seven species distributed from Isluga to Puelo River. Of these species, only Biomphalaria peregrina widely distributed in the neotropical and Biomphalaria aymara from Isluga are recognized based on the morphology of the reproductive system and radula, characters that were used in the following study to differentiate Biomphalaria cristiani as a new species of this group an (more) d first record of the family in Chilean Patagonia, extending its current distribution range. The characters for the diagnosis of B. cristiani are: truncated vestigial vaginal pouch, lack of development of the penis retractor muscles, penis sheath shorter than the prepuce, oviduct longer than the spermiduct and vas deferens thinner and longer than the penis sheath, similar size to the prepuce. The type locality of B. cristiani nov. sp. is Laguna Cisnes (47°7'10.02"S; 72°27'40.65"W), Aysén region.

Fuentealba, Carmen; Figueroa, Ricardo

2012-11-01

138

Effects of infection by larvae of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda, Metastrongylidae) on the lipid metabolism of the experimental intermediate host Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

Science.gov (United States)

Experimental infection of Biomphalaria glabrata by Angiostrongylus cantonensis induces significant changes in the concentrations of triacylglycerol and cholesterol in the hemolymph and of neutral lipids in the digestive gonad-gland (DGG) complex of the host snail. In this study, snails were dissected after 1, 2, and 3 weeks of infection to collect the hemolymph and DGG and to measure the levels of cholesterol and triacylglycerol in the hemolymph and neutral lipid fractions in the tissues. The results show that infection by this nematode resulted in a significant decrease in the concentrations of both cholesterol and triacylglycerol in the hemolymph of B. glabrata during the parasite's initial ontogenic development period. This reduction indicates the possible use of these molecules by both parasite and host not only as energy substrates but also as structural factors required during development of the parasite's larval stages. In parallel, changes in the neutral lipid profile in the DGG and lipase activity of the infected snails were observed, indicating the importance of these molecules for successful infection. PMID:23377121

Tunholi-Alves, Vinícius Menezes; Tunholi, Victor Menezes; Gôlo, Patrícia; Lima, Mariana; Garcia, Juberlan; Júnior, Arnaldo Maldonado; Pontes, Emerson Guedes; Bittencourt, Vânia Rita Elias Pinheiro; Pinheiro, Jairo

2013-02-02

139

Effects of infection by larvae of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Nematoda, Metastrongylidae) on the lipid metabolism of the experimental intermediate host Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca: Gastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Experimental infection of Biomphalaria glabrata by Angiostrongylus cantonensis induces significant changes in the concentrations of triacylglycerol and cholesterol in the hemolymph and of neutral lipids in the digestive gonad-gland (DGG) complex of the host snail. In this study, snails were dissected after 1, 2, and 3 weeks of infection to collect the hemolymph and DGG and to measure the levels of cholesterol and triacylglycerol in the hemolymph and neutral lipid fractions in the tissues. The results show that infection by this nematode resulted in a significant decrease in the concentrations of both cholesterol and triacylglycerol in the hemolymph of B. glabrata during the parasite's initial ontogenic development period. This reduction indicates the possible use of these molecules by both parasite and host not only as energy substrates but also as structural factors required during development of the parasite's larval stages. In parallel, changes in the neutral lipid profile in the DGG and lipase activity of the infected snails were observed, indicating the importance of these molecules for successful infection.

Tunholi-Alves VM; Tunholi VM; Gôlo P; Lima M; Garcia J; Júnior AM; Pontes EG; Bittencourt VR; Pinheiro J

2013-05-01

140

Threatened freshwater and terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia) of Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil: check list and evaluation of regional threats  

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Full Text Available A total of nineteen continental native mollusc species are confirmed for the Santa Catarina State (SC)(organized in ten Genera and seven Families), one aquatic Prosobranchia/Caenogastropoda (Ampullariidae),six Pulmonata terrestrial gastropods (one Ellobiidae, three Megalobulimidae and two micro-snails –Charopidae and Streptaxidae) and twelve freshwater mussels (eight Mycetopodidae and four Hyriidae). Thesespecies are designated by the International Union for Conservation of the Nature – IUCN as follows: seven as"Vulnerable", six "In Danger" and six “Without Category Established”. The general regional threats that thesespecies are subjected to are briefly analyzed.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Current knowledge on population studies on five continental molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda et Bivalvia) of Santa Catarina State (SC, Central Southern Brazil region)  

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Full Text Available Although still very scarce, available knowledge on population studies on continental (land and freshwater)molluscs in the territory of Santa Catarina State is shortly analyzed and discussed. Based on the IUCN“Restricted Distribution” criterion, a total of 54 nominal species, including 31 terrestrial gastropods, 15freshwater gastropods and 8 limnic bivalves, were considered strong candidates as threatened taxa. Out of allthese endangered species, only 5 limnic forms (2 gastropods and 3 bivalves) were previously analysed, in someway, at population level.

A. Ignacio Agudo-Padrón

2011-01-01

142

Comparative genomics of vesicomyid clam (Bivalvia: Mollusca) chemosynthetic symbionts  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The Vesicomyidae (Bivalvia: Mollusca) are a family of clams that form symbioses with chemosynthetic gamma-proteobacteria. They exist in environments such as hydrothermal vents and cold seeps and have a reduced gut and feeding groove, indicating a large dependence on their endosymbionts for nutrition. Recently, two vesicomyid symbiont genomes were sequenced, illuminating the possible nutritional contributions of the symbiont to the host and making genome-wide evolutionary analyses possible. Results To examine the genomic evolution of the vesicomyid symbionts, a comparative genomics framework, including the existing genomic data combined with heterologous microarray hybridization results, was used to analyze conserved gene content in four vesicomyid symbiont genomes. These four symbionts were chosen to include a broad phylogenetic sampling of the vesicomyid symbionts and represent distinct chemosynthetic environments: cold seeps and hydrothermal vents. Conclusion The results of this comparative genomics analysis emphasize the importance of the symbionts' chemoautotrophic metabolism within their hosts. The fact that these symbionts appear to be metabolically capable autotrophs underscores the extent to which the host depends on them for nutrition and reveals the key to invertebrate colonization of these challenging environments.

Newton Irene LG; Girguis Peter R; Cavanaugh Colleen M

2008-01-01

143

Quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) de El Salvador, América Central  

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Full Text Available En El Salvador se habían registrado los poliplacóforos Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) y Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Recolectamos quitones en aguas someras de El Salvador en julio del 2002, agragando a la lista a Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); Acanthochitona ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) y Acanthochitona hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). Ampliamos la distribución documentada de I. dispar hacia el norte y describimos brevemente una especie innominada de Lepidochitona.Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from El Salvador, Central America. Collections of 11 species of shallow water Polyplacophora from El Salvador were made in July 2002. Previously only five species had been documented in El Salvador: Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) and Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Of these, I. guatemalensis and A. exquisita were not collected in this census. Seven other species are reported here for El Salvador for the first time: Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); A. ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) and A. hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). The known geographic distribution of I. dispar is extended to the north. An un-named species of Lepidochitona is briefly described. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (1): 171-176. Epub 2007 March. 31.

Cedar I García-Ríos; Migdalia Álvarez-Ruiz; José E Barraza; Ana M Rivera; Carlos R Hasbún

2007-01-01

144

Quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) de El Salvador, América Central  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En El Salvador se habían registrado los poliplacóforos Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) y Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Recolectamos quitones en aguas someras de El Salvador en julio del 2002, agragando a la lista a Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton (more) expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); Acanthochitona ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) y Acanthochitona hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). Ampliamos la distribución documentada de I. dispar hacia el norte y describimos brevemente una especie innominada de Lepidochitona. Abstract in english Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from El Salvador, Central America. Collections of 11 species of shallow water Polyplacophora from El Salvador were made in July 2002. Previously only five species had been documented in El Salvador: Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) and Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Of these, I. guatemalensis and A. exquisita were (more) not collected in this census. Seven other species are reported here for El Salvador for the first time: Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); A. ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) and A. hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). The known geographic distribution of I. dispar is extended to the north. An un-named species of Lepidochitona is briefly described. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (1): 171-176. Epub 2007 March. 31.

García-Ríos, Cedar I; Álvarez-Ruiz, Migdalia; Barraza, José E; Rivera, Ana M; Hasbún, Carlos R

2007-03-01

145

Estudio Histológico del Tubo Digestivo y Aparato Venenoso de Gemmula periscelida (Gastropoda: Turridae)/ Histologic Study of Digestive Tract and Venom Apparatus of Gemmula periscelida (Gastropoda: Turridae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el presente trabajo se describe anatómica e histológicamente el tubo digestivo y aparato venenoso de Gemmula periscelida (Gastropoda: Turridae) en ejemplares colectados al Noroeste de la Plataforma Continental Yucateca. Se determinó que el tipo de epitelio que reviste a cada una de las zonas del tubo digestivo (probóscide, esófago anterior, medio y posterior, estómago, glándula digestiva e intestino) y al aparato venenoso, es diferente a lo reportado para otros túrridos; por lo que se infiere el posible mecanismo de alimentación para esta especie. Abstract in english In this paper we realized anatomical and histologically description of the digestive tract and venom apparatus of Gemmula periscelida (Gastropoda: Turridae) specimens collected northwest of the Yucatan Shelf. Results of analysis show that there are differences in the type of epithelium coating each of the areas of the digestive tract (proboscis, anterior, middle and posterior esophagus, stomach, digestive gland and intestine) and of a venom apparatus with respect to that reported for other turrid snails. This suggests the possible feeding mechanism for this species.

Santibañez Aguascalientes, Norma Angélica; Ortíz Ordóñez, Esperanza; Falcón Alcántara, Andrés; Heimer de la Cotera, Edgar P

2013-03-01

146

CHILEAN MARINE MOLLUSCA OF NORTHERN PATAGONIA COLLECTED DURING THE CIMAR-10 FJORDS CRUISE MOLUSCOS MARINOS CHILENOS DEL NORTE DE LA PATAGONIA RECOLECTADOS DURANTE EL CRUCERO DE FIORDOS CIMAR-10  

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Full Text Available The tip of the South American cone is one of the most interesting Subantarctic areas, both biogeographically and ecologically. Nonetheless, knowledge of the area's biodiversity, in particular that of the subtidal marine habitats, remains poor. Therefore, in 2004, a biodiversity research project was carried out as a part of the cruise Cimar-10 Fjords, organized and supported by the Chilean National Oceanographic Committee (CONA). The results of the subtidal marine mollusk surveys are presented herein. The samples were collected aboard the Agor 60 "Vidal Gormaz" in winter 2004. The study area covered the northern Chilean Patagonia from Seno de Relocanví (41°31'S) to Boca del Guafo (43°49'S), on the continental shelf from 22 to 353 m depth. The Mollusca were collected at 23 sampling sites using an Agassiz trawl. In total, 67 species were recorded: 4% Polyplacophora (Leptochitonidae, Ischnochitonidae), 58% Gastropoda (Lepetidae, Fissurellidae, Trochidae, Turbinidae, Calyptraeidae, Capulidae, Naticidae, Ranellidae, Cerithiopsidae, Epitoniidae, Muricidae, Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Nassariidae, Volutidae, Cancellariidae, Turridae, Pyramidellidae, Acteonidae, Chilinidae), 36% Bivalvia (Nuculidae, Yoldiidae, Malletiidae, Tindariidae, Limopsidae, Phylobryidae, Mytilidae, Pectinidae, Propeamussidae, Lucinidae, Thyasiridae, Neoleptonidae, Carditidae, Condylocardiidae, Veneridae, Tellinidae, Lyonsiidae, Pandoridae, Cuspidariidae), and 1% Scaphopoda (Rhabdidae). Our results show a high proportion of southern (Magellanic) subtidal species; 45 species (67%) are strictly Magellanic or Antarctic and another 16 (24%) were widespread species, with distributions extending to the south of our study area. Only six species (9%) were strictly Peruvian.El extremo sur de Sudamérica representa una de las áreas subantárticas más interesantes desde un punto de vista ecológico y biogeográñco. A pesar de ello, el conocimiento que se tiene sobre la biodiversidad del área, y en particular de los habitats marinos submareales, es relativamente pobre. En el año 2004 se realizó un proyecto de investigación sobre biodiversidad como parte del crucero Fiordos Cimar-10, organizado y financiado por el Comité Oceanógrafico Nacional de Chile (CONA). En este artículo se describen los resultados obtenidos sobre de los moluscos submareales. Las muestras fueron obtenidas en el invierno del 2004, a bordo del buque Agor 60 "Vidal Gormaz". El área de estudio se localizó en el extremo norte de la Patagonia chilena, desde el Seno de Relocanví (41 °31' S) hasta la Boca del Guafo (43°49'S), en la plataforma continental comprendida entre 22 y 353 m de profundidad. Los moluscos fueron recolectados en 23 estaciones de muestreo empleando una rastra Agassiz. Se registró un total de 67 especies, consistentes en 4% Polyplacophora (Leptochitonidae, Ischnochitonidae), 58% Gastropoda (Lepetidae, Fissurellidae, Trochidae, Turbinidae, Calyptraeidae, Capulidae, Naticidae, Ranellidae, Cerithiopsidae, Epitoniidae, Muricidae, Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Nassariidae, Volutidae, Cancellariidae, Turridae, Pyramidellidae, Acteonidae, Chilinidae), 36% Bivalvia (Nuculidae, Yoldiidae, Malletiidae, Tindariidae, Limopsidae, Phylobryidae, Mytilidae, Pectinidae, Propeamussidae, Lucinidae, Thyasiridae, Neoleptonidae, Carditidae, Condylocardiidae, Veneridae, Tellinidae, Lyonsiidae, Pandoridae, Cuspidariidae) y 1% Scaphopoda (Rhabdidae). Nuestros resultados muestran que las especies submareales presentan una elevada proporción con carácter austral (magallámco). Del total de 67 taxa registrados, 45 especies son estrictamente magallámcas o antarticas (67%) y 16 presentan una amplia área de distribución que se extiende al sur del área de estudio (24%). Sólo seis de las especies (9%) son estrictamente de la provincia biogeográfica peruana.

Javiera Cárdenas; Cristian Aldea; Claudio Valdovinos

2008-01-01

147

Izolované populace praménky Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) v okolí Prahy Isolated populations of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) in Prague surroundings (Czech Republic)  

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Full Text Available This paper completes the knowledge of an occurrence of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) in surroundings of Prague – capital of the Czech Republic. However, this species is not rare in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, sites on north-western otskirts of Prague are isolated far from the main distribution area. Altogether, 63 sites potentially suitable for B. austriaca were investigated in this area, and occurrence of this species was confirmed in 11 of them. B. austriaca was found in springs, rivulets and small brooks, more numerous populations were found in springs. Historical occurrence data in this area were compared with results of research done in 2003, 2006 and 2010. Actual situation of this species in Prague surroundings is problematic and survival of some populations is not guaranteed.

Luboš Beran

2010-01-01

148

LARVAS DE DIGENEA EN Melanoides tuberculata (GASTROPODA: THIARIDAE) EN MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA Larval stages of digenea from Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) in Medellín, Colombia  

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Full Text Available Se describen las larvas de digeneos que se obtuvieron en Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae), molusco dulceacuícola del que se colectaron 125 especímenes en el lago del Jardín Botánico Joaquín Antonio Uribe de Medellín. En el laboratorio se individualizaron y se estimuló la emisión cercariana con una fuente luminosa. El 9,6 % de los caracoles emitió cercarias. Los moluscos emisores se sacrificaron para obtener los demás estadios larvarios. Las larvas se montaron al microscopio, se midieron y luego se dibujaron. Los caracteres morfológicos permitieron establecer la presencia de Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) y de dos Philophthalmidae. Uno de estos es primer registro para Colombia. Se confirma la sensibilidad de M. tuberculata a infecciones por digeneos, así como la especificidad de los filoftálmidos por moluscos hospedadores de la superfamilia Cerithioidea.The larvae of two trematodes found in the freshwater mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) are described. 125 snails from the Medellin’s Botanical Garden Joaquín Antonio Uribe were collected. In the laboratory, each individual was placed alone and stimulated with light in order to have cercaria emission. 9.6% of the snails released cercariae. These were separated in three morphologies. From each one, 15 individuals were measured and drawn. Photographs were taken. Based on their morphological characteritics the presence of Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) was determined. The other two morphologies were classified in the family Philophthalmidae. One of them constitutes the first register for Colombia. The sensibility of M. tuberculata to infections by digeneans, and the specificity of the family Philophthalmidae to mollusk hosts of the superfamily Cerithioidea are confirmed

DANIELA VERGARA; LUZ ELENA VELÁSQUEZ

2009-01-01

149

LARVAS DE DIGENEA EN Melanoides tuberculata (GASTROPODA: THIARIDAE) EN MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA/ Larval stages of digenea from Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) in Medellín, Colombia  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se describen las larvas de digeneos que se obtuvieron en Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae), molusco dulceacuícola del que se colectaron 125 especímenes en el lago del Jardín Botánico Joaquín Antonio Uribe de Medellín. En el laboratorio se individualizaron y se estimuló la emisión cercariana con una fuente luminosa. El 9,6 % de los caracoles emitió cercarias. Los moluscos emisores se sacrificaron para obtener los demás estadios larvarios. Las larvas (more) se montaron al microscopio, se midieron y luego se dibujaron. Los caracteres morfológicos permitieron establecer la presencia de Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) y de dos Philophthalmidae. Uno de estos es primer registro para Colombia. Se confirma la sensibilidad de M. tuberculata a infecciones por digeneos, así como la especificidad de los filoftálmidos por moluscos hospedadores de la superfamilia Cerithioidea. Abstract in english The larvae of two trematodes found in the freshwater mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) are described. 125 snails from the Medellin’s Botanical Garden Joaquín Antonio Uribe were collected. In the laboratory, each individual was placed alone and stimulated with light in order to have cercaria emission. 9.6% of the snails released cercariae. These were separated in three morphologies. From each one, 15 individuals were measured and drawn. Photogra (more) phs were taken. Based on their morphological characteritics the presence of Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) was determined. The other two morphologies were classified in the family Philophthalmidae. One of them constitutes the first register for Colombia. The sensibility of M. tuberculata to infections by digeneans, and the specificity of the family Philophthalmidae to mollusk hosts of the superfamily Cerithioidea are confirmed

VERGARA, DANIELA; VELÁSQUEZ, LUZ ELENA

2009-04-01

150

Lista preliminar de los Punctoideos de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, con descripción de dos especies nuevas (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora)/ Preliminar list of the Punctoidea from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, with description of two new species (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Stylommatophora)  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se presenta una lista parcial de gasterópodos terrestres Punctoideos del "Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata" (São Francisco de Paula, Estado de Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) (CPCN-PM). Esta lista incluye siete especies, dos de ellas son nuevas. El CPCN-PM se localiza entre los 600 y 950 m de altitud; presenta clima templado superhúmedo a húmedo, lluvias de 2.250 mm anuales y temperatura promedio anual de 14,5ºC; están presentes tres regiones fit (more) oecológicas principales, floresta ombrófila mixta, floresta ombrófila densa y sabana. Los taxones hallados son: Rotadiscus amancaezensis (Hidalgo, 1869), Lilloiconcha tucumana (Hylton Scott, 1963), Radiodiscus cuprinus Fonseca & Thomé, 2000, Radiodiscus tenellus Hylton Scott, 1957, Radiodiscus promatensis sp. nov., Zilchogyra gordurasensis (Thiele, 1927) y Zilchogyra zulmae sp. nov. La conchilla de R. promatensis sp. nov. es muy pequeña, casi plana, con ombligo muy desarrollado, abertura reniforme, con estrías espirales en la teleoconcha y 58-62 costillas axiales en el último anfracto. La conchilla de Z. zulmae sp. nov. es troquiforme alta, con cinco anfractos con fuertes y espaciadas costillas axiales (25-38), ombligo amplio y perspectivo y abertura subcircular angulosa. La fauna de gasterópodos carópidos del CPCN-PM tiene tres especies conocidas sólo del área (R. cuprinus, R. promatensis sp. nov. y Z. zulmae sp. nov.), una, que se distribuye también en Paraguay (R. tenellus) y tres (L. tucumana, R. amancaezensis y Z. gordurasensis), comunes a otras áreas de América del Sur, principalmente la región de las Yungas. Abstract in english The partial list of the land snails Punctoidea from the "Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata" (São Francisco de Paula, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) (CPCN-PM) is presented herein. This list includes seven species, two of them new. The CPCN-PM is located between 600 and 950 m of altitude; it has a temperate super humid to humid climate, with 2,250 mm of annual rainfall and means annual temperature of 14.5ºC; three main phytoecological regions (more) are present -mixed ombrophile forest, dense ombrophile forest and savanna. The taxa found are: Rotadiscus amancaezensis (Hidalgo, 1869), Lilloiconcha tucumana (Hylton Scott, 1963), Radiodiscus cuprinus Fonseca & Thomé, 2000, Radiodiscus tenellus Hylton Scott, 1957, Radiodiscus promatensis sp. nov., Zilchogyra gordurasensis (Thiele, 1927) and Zilchogyra zulmae sp. nov. The shell of R. promatensis sp. nov. is very small, almost flat, with very wide umbilicus, reniform aperture, teleoconch with spiral striae and 58-62 axial ribs on the body whorl. The shell of Z. zulmae sp. nov. is trochiform elevated, with five whorls with strong and widely spaced axial ribs (25-38), wide and perspective umbilicus and sub circular angled aperture. The charopid gastropod fauna from the CPCN-PM has three species known only from there (R. cuprinus, R. promatensis sp. nov. and Z. zulmae sp. nov.), another one with previous known distribution only in Paraguay (R. tenellus) and three common species (L. tucumana, R. amancaezensis and Z. gordurasensis) with distribution in other South American areas -mainly Yungas forests.

Miquel, Sergio Eduardo; Ramírez, Rina; Thomé, José Willibaldo

2004-12-01

151

Utilization of shells of the snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) by the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) (Decapoda, Anomura) in the São Vicente Estuary, São Paulo, Brazil Utilización de conchas de caracoles terrestres Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) por el cangrejo ermitaño Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) (Decapoda, Anomura) en el estuario de São Vicente, São Paulo, Brasil  

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Full Text Available Hermit crabs depend on mollusc shells for housing. In this study, an unusual resource is reported for a hermit crab that usually inhabits marine gastropod shells. During a field study conducted from May 2001 to April 2003 in an estuarine area in São Vicente, state of São Paulo, Brazil, 21 individuals of Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) were found inhabiting the shells of the terrestrial gastropod Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822. A. fulica occurs in nearshore grass patches, where occasional contact with sea water kills them, and their shells then become available to the hermit crabsEl cangrejo ermitaño depende de conchas de moluscos para hacer de ella su casa. Este estudio ha descubierto una manera inusual de como vive este cangrejo, que generalmente habita la concha de gastrópodos marinos. El estudio fue realizado en la estación marítima de São Vicente, provincia de São Paulo, de mayo de 2001 hasta abril de 2003. Durante ese periodo, un total de 21 cangrejos Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) fueron encontrados viviendo en las conchas del caracol terrestre Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822. A. fulica ocurre en áreas de césped cercanos a la costa, donde el contacto ocasional con el agua de mar provoca su muerte y sus conchas quedan disponibles para el cangrejo ermitaño

Bruno S. Sant'Anna; Cilene M. Zangrande; Alvaro L.D. Reigada

2005-01-01

152

Utilization of shells of the snail Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) by the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) (Decapoda, Anomura) in the São Vicente Estuary, São Paulo, Brazil/ Utilización de conchas de caracoles terrestres Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca, Gastropoda) por el cangrejo ermitaño Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) (Decapoda, Anomura) en el estuario de São Vicente, São Paulo, Brasil  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El cangrejo ermitaño depende de conchas de moluscos para hacer de ella su casa. Este estudio ha descubierto una manera inusual de como vive este cangrejo, que generalmente habita la concha de gastrópodos marinos. El estudio fue realizado en la estación marítima de São Vicente, provincia de São Paulo, de mayo de 2001 hasta abril de 2003. Durante ese periodo, un total de 21 cangrejos Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) fueron encontrados viviendo en las conchas del cara (more) col terrestre Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822. A. fulica ocurre en áreas de césped cercanos a la costa, donde el contacto ocasional con el agua de mar provoca su muerte y sus conchas quedan disponibles para el cangrejo ermitaño Abstract in english Hermit crabs depend on mollusc shells for housing. In this study, an unusual resource is reported for a hermit crab that usually inhabits marine gastropod shells. During a field study conducted from May 2001 to April 2003 in an estuarine area in São Vicente, state of São Paulo, Brazil, 21 individuals of Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802) were found inhabiting the shells of the terrestrial gastropod Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822. A. fulica occurs in nearshore grass patches, where occasional contact with sea water kills them, and their shells then become available to the hermit crabs

Sant'Anna, Bruno S.; Zangrande, Cilene M.; Reigada, Alvaro L.D.

2005-11-01

153

Occurrence of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Railliet, 1898) larvae (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) infecting Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Amazon region Ocorrência de Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Railliet, 1898) (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) infectando o Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica Bowdich, 1822 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) na região amazônica  

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Full Text Available Achatina fulica or "giant African snail" is an exotic species, considered to be one of the world's hundred most invasive species, causing serious environmental damages. In the present study we report, for the first time, the occurrence of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus infecting A.fulica in the Amazon region. This nematode is described parasitizing mainly the pulmonary system of felines, which causes "aelurostrongilose", also known as feline cardio-pulmonary strongyloidosis. New morphometric data of third stage larvae are presented herein. The present study demonstrated that 40% of all the snails were infected by A. abstrusus. Achatina fulica specimens were collected from three different areas in Manaus namely: rural; east and west areas. The east area presents the highest prevalence of 80%. The large number of A.fulica found in inhabited areas increases the chances of emergent zoonoses, which highlights the need of further studies so as to better control this disease.Achatina fulica ou "caramujo africano" é uma espécie exótica, considerada uma das cem piores espécies invasoras do mundo, causando sérios danos ambientais. No presente estudo foi registrado, pela primeira vez, a ocorrência do Aelurostrongylus abstrusus infectando o A.fulica na região amazônica. Esse nematóide é descrito parasitando principalmente o sistema pulmonar de felinos, causando a "aelurostrongilose", também conhecida como estrongiloidose cardio-pulmonar felina. Novos dados morfométricos de larvas de terceiro estágio são apresentados. Dos 45 caramujos coletados, 40% estavam infectados por larvas de A. abstrusus. Especimens de Achatina fulica foram coletados em três áreas da cidade de Manaus: rural, leste e oeste. A zona leste apresentou a maior prevalência de 80%. O grande número de A.fulica encontrado em áreas habitadas aumenta as chances de ocorrência de zoonoses emergentes e destaca a necessidade de mais estudos para o melhor controle da doença.

Sanny Maria de Andrade-Porto; Kelly Cristina Pereira de Souza; Melissa Querido Cárdenas; Rosemary A. Roque; Daniel Mansur Pimpão; Cleusa Suzana Araújo; José Celso de Oliveira Malta

2012-01-01

154

Bait formulations of molluscicides and their effects on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata (Mollusca; Gastropoda:Lymnaeidae) Formulações de iscas de moluscicidas e seus efeitos sobre as alterações bioquímicas no ovoteste do caramujo Lymnaea acuminata (Mollusca;Gastropoda:Lymnaeidae)  

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Full Text Available The effect of sub-lethal feeding of bait formulations containing molluscicidal component of Ferula asafoetida (ferulic acid, umbelliferone), Syzygium aromaticum (eugenol) and Carum carvi (limonene) on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata were studied. Bait formulations feeding to L. acuminata were studied in clear glass aquaria having diameter of 30 cm. Baits were prepared from different binary combinations of attractant amino acid (valine, aspartic acid, lysine and alanine 10 mM) in 100 mL of 2% agar solution + sub-lethal (20% and 60% of 24h LC50) doses of different molluscicides (ferulic acid, umbelliferone, eugenol and limonene). These baits caused maximum significant reduction in free amino acid, protein, DNA, RNA levels i.e. 41.37, 23.56, 48.36 and 14.29% of control in the ovotestis of the snail, respectively. Discontinuation of feeding after treatment of 60% of 96h LC50 of molluscicide containing bait for next 72h caused a significant recovery in free amino acid, protein, DNA and RNA levels in the ovotestis of L. acuminata.Foi estudado o efeito subletal das iscas usadas para alimentação contendo componentes moluscicidas de Ferula asafoetida (ácido ferúlico, umbeliferone), Syzygium aromaticum (eugenol) e Carum carvi (limonene) nas alterações bioquímicas do ovoteste do caramujo Lymnaea acuminata. A formulação das iscas usadas para alimentar L. acuminata foi estudada em aquários de vidros transparentes de diâmetro de 30 cm. As iscas foram preparadas por combinações diferentes binárias de aminoácidos (valina, ácido aspártico, lisina e alanina 10 mM) em 100 mL de solução de agar a 2% + doses subletais (20% e 60% durante 24 horas LC50) de diferentes moluscicidas (ácido ferúlico, umbeliferone, eugenol e limonene). Estas iscas causaram redução significante máxima em aminoácidos livres, proteínas, níveis de DNA e RNA isto é 41,37%, 23,56%, 48,36% e 14,29% de controle no ovoteste do caramujo, respectivamente. Discontinuação da alimentação depois do tratamento de 60% de 96 horas de LC50 do moluscicida contendo a isca para as subsequentes 72 horas causou significante recuperação dos níveis de aminoácidos livres, proteína, DNA e RNA no ovoteste da L. acuminata.

Pradeep Kumar; Vinay Kumar Singh; D.K. Singh

2011-01-01

155

LARVAS DE DIGENEA EN Melanoides tuberculata (GASTROPODA: THIARIDAE) EN MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA  

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Full Text Available RESUMEN Se describen las larvas de digeneos que se obtuvieron en Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae), molusco dulceacuícola del que se colectaron 125 especímenes en el lago del Jardín Botánico Joaquín Antonio Uribe de Medellín. En el laboratorio se individualizaron y se estimuló la emisión cercariana con una fuente luminosa. El 9,6 % de los caracoles emitió cercarias. Los moluscos emisores se sacrificaron para obtener los demás estadios larvarios. Las larvas se montaron al microscopio, se midieron y luego se dibujaron. Los caracteres morfológicos permitieron establecer la presencia de Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) y de dos Philophthalmidae. Uno de estos es primer registro para Colombia. Se confirma la sensibilidad de M. tuberculata a infecciones por digeneos, así como la especificidad de los filoftálmidos por moluscos hospedadores de la superfamilia Cerithioidea. Palabras claves: cercarias, digenea, Melanoides tuberculata, Philophthalmidae, Redias. ABSTRACT The larvae of two trematodes found in the freshwater mollusk Melanoides tuberculata (Gastropoda: Thiaridae) are described. 125 snails from the Medellin’s Botanical Garden Joaquín Antonio Uribe were collected. In the laboratory, each individual was placed alone and stimulated with light in order to have cercaria emission. 9.6% of the snails released cercariae. These were separated in three morphologies. From each one, 15 individuals were measured and drawn. Photographs were taken. Based on their morphological characteritics the presence of Centrocestus formosanus (Heterophyidae) was determined. The other two morphologies were classified in the family Philophthalmidae. One of them constitutes the first register for Colombia. The sensibility of M. tuberculata to infections by digeneans, and the specificity of the family Philophthalmidae to mollusk hosts of the superfamily Cerithioidea are confirmed. Key words: Cercariae, Digenea, Melanoides tuberculata, Philophthalmidae, Rediae.

VERGARA DANIELA; VELÁSQUEZ LUZ ELENA

2009-01-01

156

Caracterización molecular de diferentes morfos de Melanoides tuberculata (Mollusca: Thiaridae) mediante microsatélites  

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Full Text Available M. tuberculataes un molusco asiático invasor de ecosistemas tropicales y subtropicales. En Amé-rica, su uso como control biológico ha sido probado en el desplazamiento de poblaciones deBiomphalaria spp. (Mollusca: Planorbidae), hospedadores intermediarios de Schistosoma mansoni(Trematoda: Digenea). A su vez, M. tuberculataes una especie que presenta gran plasticidad feno-típica, reconociéndose varias entidades morfológicas (morfos) a lo largo de su rango de distribu-ción. Este trabajo pretende identificar la combinación de alelos microsatelitales característicos de10 morfos americanos. En este orden de ideas, se realizó una extracción de ADN con bufferValsecchi y baño María 90-95ºC (5-15’); se hizo una PCR utilizando primers específicos para M.tuberculata, y finalmente un análisis de secuencias microsatelitales con un secuenciador automá-tico.

Escobar JS.; Facon B.; David P.

2001-01-01

157

[Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica. The polyplacophorans of the coral reef on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica have been insufficiently studied. The examination of coral rubble accumulated in the shallow sublitoral waters on four collection stations in Provincia Limón revealed a higher diversity of chitons than was documented. From the country eight species were previously known: Ischnochiton erythronotus (C.B. Adams 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840); Stenoplax boogii (Haddon 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams 1845); Acanthopleura granulata (Gmelin 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus 1758 and Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry 1893). This study added five more species that are reported here for the first time: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954 and Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889).

García-Ríos CI; Alvarez-Ruiz M

2011-03-01

158

[Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica].  

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Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica. The polyplacophorans of the coral reef on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica have been insufficiently studied. The examination of coral rubble accumulated in the shallow sublitoral waters on four collection stations in Provincia Limón revealed a higher diversity of chitons than was documented. From the country eight species were previously known: Ischnochiton erythronotus (C.B. Adams 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840); Stenoplax boogii (Haddon 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams 1845); Acanthopleura granulata (Gmelin 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus 1758 and Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry 1893). This study added five more species that are reported here for the first time: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954 and Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889). PMID:21516641

García-Ríos, Cedar I; Alvarez-Ruiz, Migdalia

2011-03-01

159

Migration, isolation, and speciation of hydrothermal vent limpets (Gastropoda; Lepetodrilidae) across the Blanco Transform Fault.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Sovanco Fracture Zone and Blanco Transform Fault separate the Explorer, Juan de Fuca, and Gorda ridge systems of the northeastern Pacific Ocean. To test whether such offsets in the ridge axis create barriers to along-axis dispersal of the endemic hydrothermal vent animals, we examined the genetic structure of limpet populations previously identified as Lepetodrilus fucensis McLean, 1988 (Gastropoda, Lepetodrilidae). Mitochondrial DNA sequences and patterns of allozyme variation revealed no evidence that the 150-km-long Sovanco Fracture Zone impeded gene flow between the Explorer and Juan de Fuca populations. In contrast, the 450-km-long Blanco Transform Fault separates the limpets into highly divergent northern and southern lineages that we recognize as distinct species. We describe southern populations from the Gorda Ridge (Seacliff) and Escanaba Trough as Lepetodrilus gordensis new species and refer northern populations from the Explorer and Juan de Fuca ridge systems to L. fucensis sensu stricto. The species are similar morphologically, but L. gordensis lacks a sensory neck papilla and has a more tightly coiled teleconch. To assess the degree of isolation between these closely related species, we used the Isolation with Migration method to estimate the time of population splitting, effective sizes of the ancestral and derived populations, and rates of migration across the Blanco Transform Fault.

Johnson SB; Young CR; Jones WJ; Warén A; Vrijenhoek RC

2006-04-01

160

Migration, isolation, and speciation of hydrothermal vent limpets (Gastropoda; Lepetodrilidae) across the Blanco Transform Fault.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sovanco Fracture Zone and Blanco Transform Fault separate the Explorer, Juan de Fuca, and Gorda ridge systems of the northeastern Pacific Ocean. To test whether such offsets in the ridge axis create barriers to along-axis dispersal of the endemic hydrothermal vent animals, we examined the genetic structure of limpet populations previously identified as Lepetodrilus fucensis McLean, 1988 (Gastropoda, Lepetodrilidae). Mitochondrial DNA sequences and patterns of allozyme variation revealed no evidence that the 150-km-long Sovanco Fracture Zone impeded gene flow between the Explorer and Juan de Fuca populations. In contrast, the 450-km-long Blanco Transform Fault separates the limpets into highly divergent northern and southern lineages that we recognize as distinct species. We describe southern populations from the Gorda Ridge (Seacliff) and Escanaba Trough as Lepetodrilus gordensis new species and refer northern populations from the Explorer and Juan de Fuca ridge systems to L. fucensis sensu stricto. The species are similar morphologically, but L. gordensis lacks a sensory neck papilla and has a more tightly coiled teleconch. To assess the degree of isolation between these closely related species, we used the Isolation with Migration method to estimate the time of population splitting, effective sizes of the ancestral and derived populations, and rates of migration across the Blanco Transform Fault. PMID:16641519

Johnson, Shannon B; Young, Curtis R; Jones, William J; Warén, Anders; Vrijenhoek, Robert C

2006-04-01

 
 
 
 
161

Cargols terrestres (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) del Parc Natural de la Muntanya de Montserrat (Barcelona, NE península Ibèrica).  

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Full Text Available Land snails (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) in the Natural Park of Montserrat (Barcelona, NE Iberian Peninsula).- The inventory of 73 land snails in the Natural Park of Montserrat was updated following the review of 130 publications. Planned field study was also conducted in areas of different habitats on the Montserrat mountain to provide a preliminary description of the communities of land snails in the study area. A total of 342 samples of land snails were studied and 50 species were identified. The most frequent were Pomatias elegans, Helicigona lapicida, Pseudotachea splendida, Abida polyodon and Otala punctata. In this region of the prelittoral Catalan mountain range, the level of endemism was high for Abida secale bofilli, Montserratina bofilliana and Xerocrassa montserratensis. The results of the field work extend the faunistic catalogue of the Natural Park of Montserrat to include references to Hygromia cinctella, Microxeromagna lowei, Paralaoma servilis and Punctum pygmaeum in the area. Finally, investigation and conservation programmes are suggested for the endemic species Xerocrassa montserratensis, protected by the Plan for Areas of Natural Interest (PEIN) approved by Decree 328/1992.

Bros, Vicenç

2006-01-01

162

Mitogenome of the small abalone Haliotis diversicolor Reeve and phylogenetic analysis within Gastropoda.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The complete mitochondrial coding regions of three small abalones Haliotis diversicolor Reeve, two collected from Vietnam and one from southern China, were successfully sequenced. The molecular feature of the mitochondrial genome is identical with the general description of the family Haliotidae mtDNAs that have been sequenced so far. The sequenced nucleotides are 16,186-16,266bp in length. The mitogenome encodes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 22 transfer RNA genes. Between adjacent genes trnH and nad5 there is an overlapping region. Comparison of the ratios of Ka and Ks among four species of Haliotis (H. diversicolor, H. discus hannai, H. rubra and H. tuberculata tuberculata) reveals that values of Ka/Ks in some NADH dehydrogenase and ATPase genes such as nad2, nad6 and atp8 are higher than those in other mitochondrial genes. Genome-wide gene arrangement among four species of Haliotis has been compared. Although all gene arrangement is the same in H. diversicolor, H. discus hannai and H. rubra, the location of trnS? and trnF in H. tuberculata tuberculata are inter-exchanged. Both gene arrangement and phylogenetic analysis support that the family Haliotidae is at a relatively primordial phylogenetic position in Gastropoda. Through alignment between Vietnam and southern China individuals, 111 SNPs are detected, most SNPs are synonymous mutations, and 7, 94 and 10 SNPs are observed at NCR, protein-coding region and RNA region, respectively. The result of SNP analysis also demonstrates that the difference is mainly in some NADH dehydrogenase genes between the Vietnam and southern China individuals.

Xin Y; Ren J; Liu X

2011-12-01

163

Natural infection of Deroceras laeve (Mollusca: gastropoda) with metastrongylid larvae in a transmission focus of abdominal angiostrongyliasis Infecção natural de Deroceras laeve com larvas de metastrongilídeos em um foco de transmissão da angiostrongilíase abdominal  

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Full Text Available Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a nematode parasitic of rodents. Man may become infected by ingestion of the third stage larvae produced within the intermediate hosts, usually slugs from the family Veronicellidae. An epidemiological study carried out in a locality in southern Brazil (western Santa Catarina State) where these slugs are a crop pest and an important vector for A. costaricensis has documented for the first time the natural infection of Deroceras laeve with metastrongylid larvae. This small limacid slug is frequently found amid the folds of vegetable leaves and may be inadvertently ingested. Therefore D. laeve may have an important role in transmission of A. costaricensis to man.Angiostrongylus costaricensis é um nematódeo parasita de roedores. O homem pode se infectar pela ingestão da larva de terceiro estágio produzida nos hospedeiros intermediários, geralmente lesmas da família Veronicellidae. Em estudo epidemiológico em curso numa localidade no sul do Brasil (oeste do Estado de Santa Catarina) onde aquelas lesmas constituem praga agrícola e importantes vetores do A. costaricensis, documentou-se pela primeira vez a infecção natural de Deroceras laeve com larvas de metastrongilídeos. Este pequeno limacídeo é freqüentemente encontrado entre as dobras de folhas de verduras e pode ser ingerido inadvertidamente. É possível que tenha um papel importante na transmissão de A. costaricensis para o homem.

Rafael Lucyk MAURER; Carlos GRAEFF-TEIXEIRA; José Willibaldo THOMÉ; Luís Antônio CHIARADIA; Hiroko SUGAYA; Kentaro YOSHIMURA

2002-01-01

164

Výsledky pr?zkumu m?kkýš? (Mollusca: Gastropoda, Bivalvia) v okolí m?sta Blatná v jihozápadních ?echách Results of the faunistic survey of molluscs in the vicinity of Blatná town in south-western Bohemia  

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Full Text Available Results of the faunistic survey on molluscs in the vicinity of the town of Blatná (south-western Bohemia, Czech Republic) are presented. This research was carried out in 2004–2007 at 28 sites complemented by other older unpublished records. Altogether 87 species (76 gastropods, 11 bivalves) have been recorded that the freshwater molluscs represented the most abundant ecological group in this region (about 40% of all species recorded). However, the rare species (e.g. Aplexa hypnorum, Physa fontinalis, Pisidium obtusale) have been found usually in small water bodies while the majority of common freshwater molluscs was recorded predominantly in large and mid-sized ponds. The snail Gyraulus acronicus is the rarest freshwater species found only at one locality. Important proportion of investigated malacofauna consisted of wetland and floodplain species with rare elements such as Vertigo antivertigo, V. substriata, Euconulus praticola or even V. angustior, the former being protected in the whole Europe. Occurrence of this endangered species in the studied region represents one of the most important clusters of its populations in Bohemia. Only several forest species have been recorded, the species Acanthinula aculeata and Vertigo pusilla are of particular importance. Unique are finds of the steppe species Chondrula tridens on old slacking walls in the town of Blatná.

Petr Bogusch; Libor Dvo?ák; Jaroslav ?. Hlavá?

2008-01-01

165

Comunidades de quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) de la Bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México  

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Full Text Available A las ocho especies de poliplacóforos registradas en Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México, o cerca de ella, agregamos a Lepidochitona beanii, Chaetopleura lurida, Stenoplax limaciformis, S. mariposa, Lepidozona clathrata, L. serrata y Acanthochitona arragonites. El análisis de las comunidades estudiadas usando técnicas de ordenación sugiere que podría relacionarse la exposición al oleaje con la riqueza y la diversidad de especies. La comunidad recolectada en condiciones intermedias de exposición al oleaje presentó mayor número de especies y mayor diversidad de acuerdo con el índice de Shannon.Polyplacophoran communities (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) at Bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. Eight species of polyplacophorans have been reported from La Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. We add Lepidochitona beanii, Chaetopleura lurida, Stenoplax limaciformis, S. mariposa, Lepidozona clathrata, L. serrata and Acanthochitona arragonites, increasing the known number of species to 15. Ordination analysis of five chiton communities at the site suggests a correlation of wave exposure to species composition and diversity: communities with intermediate wave exposure have more species (richness) and higher diversity (Shannon’s index). Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (1): 177-182. Epub 2007 March. 31.

Cedar I García Ríos; Migdalia Álvarez Ruiz

2007-01-01

166

Comunidades de quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) de la Bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish A las ocho especies de poliplacóforos registradas en Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México, o cerca de ella, agregamos a Lepidochitona beanii, Chaetopleura lurida, Stenoplax limaciformis, S. mariposa, Lepidozona clathrata, L. serrata y Acanthochitona arragonites. El análisis de las comunidades estudiadas usando técnicas de ordenación sugiere que podría relacionarse la exposición al oleaje con la riqueza y la diversidad de especies. La comunidad recolectada (more) en condiciones intermedias de exposición al oleaje presentó mayor número de especies y mayor diversidad de acuerdo con el índice de Shannon. Abstract in english Polyplacophoran communities (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) at Bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. Eight species of polyplacophorans have been reported from La Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. We add Lepidochitona beanii, Chaetopleura lurida, Stenoplax limaciformis, S. mariposa, Lepidozona clathrata, L. serrata and Acanthochitona arragonites, increasing the known number of species to 15. Ordination analysis of five chiton communities at the site sugge (more) sts a correlation of wave exposure to species composition and diversity: communities with intermediate wave exposure have more species (richness) and higher diversity (Shannon?s index). Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (1): 177-182. Epub 2007 March. 31.

García Ríos, Cedar I; Álvarez Ruiz, Migdalia

2007-03-01

167

Complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).  

Science.gov (United States)

The nucleotide sequence of a mitochondrial genome of the pulmonate gastropod mollusc Cepaea nemoralis has been determined. Contained within the 14,100 basepairs (bp) are the two ribosomal RNA genes and 13 protein coding genes typical of metazoan mitochondrial genomes. The Cepaea mtDNA does contain a gene for ATPase subunit 8, like the clausiliid pulmonate, Albinaria, and the chiton, Katharina, but unlike the bivalve mollusc, Mytilus. The mitochondrial genetic code of Cepaea is proposed to be the same as that of Mytilus, Katharina, and Drosophila. Only 14 putative tRNA genes are presented, although there is sufficient unassigned sequence to encode the remainder of the expected total of 22 tRNA genes. These 14 tRNA genes are a mixture of standard cloverleaf structures and nonstandard structures containing TV replacement loops as seen in nematode and mosquito mitochondrial genomes. If the eight unidentified tRNA genes are indeed present, very little unassigned sequence would remain to serve as a control region. Genes are transcribed from both strands of the molecule. Base composition is the least biased for any reported animal mitochondrial genome and is also very little skewed between strands using measures independent of base composition. The Cepaea mitochondrial gene order is quite unlike that of any other reported metazoan mtDNA, with the exception of the recently reported partial sequences of Albinaria. No gene boundaries are shared among all the reported molluscan taxa, demonstrating a complete lack of conservation of mitochondrial gene order across the phylum Mollusca. PMID:8919868

Terrett, J A; Miles, S; Thomas, R H

1996-02-01

168

Diversidad genética de dos poblaciones del caracol Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) en Yucatán, México, con microsatélite  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El caracol rosado S. gigas, es una especie de gran importancia pesquera en la región del Caribe que incluye la Península de Yucatán, en la cual, se analizó la diversidad y estructura genética de dos poblaciones (Arrecife Alacranes y Banco Chinchorro) mediante el uso de cinco marcadores moleculares del tipo microsatélites. Los resultados indican que las dos poblaciones analizadas se encuentran en el mismo rango de diversidad genética (He) de 0.613 a 0.692. En ambas (more) poblaciones también se observó una desviación significativa al equilibrio H-WE, la cual fue atribuida a factores como la endogamia a consecuencia de una sobre-explotación pesquera. Sin embargo otra explicación posible es que se deba a una mezcla de individuos de dos o más poblaciones, y la existencia de alelos nulos. Los niveles de estructura genética indican la existencia de una sola población homogénea en la península de Yucatán (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49) y el flujo genético fue significativo (2.3 individuos) entre las dos poblaciones. Los resultados de este estudio aceptan la hipótesis de que las poblaciones S. gigas forman parte de una sola población panmíctica en la Península de Yucatán, por lo tanto, el recurso pesquero debe regularse de igual manera en ambas regiones. Abstract in english Genetic diversity in two populations of the snail Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) from Yucatan, Mexico, using microsatellite. The pink conch Strombus gigas is an important fisheries resource in the Caribbean region, including the Yucatán Peninsula. We analyzed the genetic diversity and genetic structure of two populations (Alacranes Reef and Chinchorro Bank) with the use of five microsatellite molecular markers. The results indicate that the two populations are i (more) n the same rank of genetic diversity (He), from 0.613 to 0.692. Significant deviation from H-WE was observed in the both populations due to deficit to heterozygotes, this was attributed to inbreeding as a consequence of over- fishing; nevertheless, other possible causes considered are mixing of individuals from two or more populations, and the existence of null alleles. Levels of genetic differentiation indicated the existence of a single homogenous population in the Yucatan Peninsula (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49), which fits with highest levels of gene flow is significant (2.3 individuals) between both populations. Results from this study support the hypothesis that S. gigas is part of a single panmictic population in the Yucatan Peninsula; therefore, this fishery resource should be regulated the same way for both areas. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3): 1127-1134. Epub 2011 September 01.

Zamora-Bustillos, Roberto; Rodríguez-Canul, Rossanna; García de León, Francisco J; Tello Cetina, Jorge

2011-09-01

169

Diversidad genética de dos poblaciones del caracol Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) en Yucatán, México, con microsatélite  

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Full Text Available El caracol rosado S. gigas, es una especie de gran importancia pesquera en la región del Caribe que incluye la Península de Yucatán, en la cual, se analizó la diversidad y estructura genética de dos poblaciones (Arrecife Alacranes y Banco Chinchorro) mediante el uso de cinco marcadores moleculares del tipo microsatélites. Los resultados indican que las dos poblaciones analizadas se encuentran en el mismo rango de diversidad genética (He) de 0.613 a 0.692. En ambas poblaciones también se observó una desviación significativa al equilibrio H-WE, la cual fue atribuida a factores como la endogamia a consecuencia de una sobre-explotación pesquera. Sin embargo otra explicación posible es que se deba a una mezcla de individuos de dos o más poblaciones, y la existencia de alelos nulos. Los niveles de estructura genética indican la existencia de una sola población homogénea en la península de Yucatán (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49) y el flujo genético fue significativo (2.3 individuos) entre las dos poblaciones. Los resultados de este estudio aceptan la hipótesis de que las poblaciones S. gigas forman parte de una sola población panmíctica en la Península de Yucatán, por lo tanto, el recurso pesquero debe regularse de igual manera en ambas regiones.Genetic diversity in two populations of the snail Strombus gigas (Gastropoda: Strombidae) from Yucatan, Mexico, using microsatellite. The pink conch Strombus gigas is an important fisheries resource in the Caribbean region, including the Yucatán Peninsula. We analyzed the genetic diversity and genetic structure of two populations (Alacranes Reef and Chinchorro Bank) with the use of five microsatellite molecular markers. The results indicate that the two populations are in the same rank of genetic diversity (He), from 0.613 to 0.692. Significant deviation from H-WE was observed in the both populations due to deficit to heterozygotes, this was attributed to inbreeding as a consequence of over- fishing; nevertheless, other possible causes considered are mixing of individuals from two or more populations, and the existence of null alleles. Levels of genetic differentiation indicated the existence of a single homogenous population in the Yucatan Peninsula (F ST de 0.003, p=0.49), which fits with highest levels of gene flow is significant (2.3 individuals) between both populations. Results from this study support the hypothesis that S. gigas is part of a single panmictic population in the Yucatan Peninsula; therefore, this fishery resource should be regulated the same way for both areas. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3): 1127-1134. Epub 2011 September 01.

Roberto Zamora-Bustillos; Rossanna Rodríguez-Canul; Francisco J García de León; Jorge Tello Cetina

2011-01-01

170

Diversidad y microestructura de quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) del Caribe de Costa Rica  

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Full Text Available Los poliplacóforos asociados a los arrecifes de coral en la costa caribeña de Costa Rica han sido poco estudiados. El examen del cascajo de coral acumulado en el sublitoral somero, en cuatro estaciones de colección, localizadas en la Provincia de Limón reveló una diversidad de quitones mayor a la documentada. Anteriormente se habían registrado ocho especies para el Caribe costaricense: Ischnochiton erythronotus (C.B. Adams, 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840); Stenoplax boogii (Haddon, 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams, 1845); Acanthopleura granulata (Gmelin, 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin, 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus, 1758; Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry, 1893). Otras cinco se registran aquí por primera vez: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954; Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889).Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica. The polyplacophorans of the coral reef on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica have been insufficiently studied. The examination of coral rubble accumulated in the shallow sublitoral waters on four collection stations in Provincia Limón revealed a higher diversity of chitons than was documented. From the country eight species were previously known: Ischnochiton erythronotus (C.B. Adams 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840); Stenoplax boogii (Haddon 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams 1845); Acanthopleura granulate (Gmelin 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus 1758 and Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry 1893). This study added five more species that are reported here for the first time: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954 and Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889). Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (1): 129-136. Epub 2011 March 01.

Cedar I García-Ríos; Migdalia Álvarez-Ruiz

2011-01-01

171

Diversidad y microestructura de quitones (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) del Caribe de Costa Rica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los poliplacóforos asociados a los arrecifes de coral en la costa caribeña de Costa Rica han sido poco estudiados. El examen del cascajo de coral acumulado en el sublitoral somero, en cuatro estaciones de colección, localizadas en la Provincia de Limón reveló una diversidad de quitones mayor a la documentada. Anteriormente se habían registrado ocho especies para el Caribe costaricense: Ischnochiton erythronotus (C.B. Adams, 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840) (more) ; Stenoplax boogii (Haddon, 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams, 1845); Acanthopleura granulata (Gmelin, 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin, 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus, 1758; Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry, 1893). Otras cinco se registran aquí por primera vez: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954; Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889). Abstract in english Diversity and microstructure of quitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Caribbean of Costa Rica. The polyplacophorans of the coral reef on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica have been insufficiently studied. The examination of coral rubble accumulated in the shallow sublitoral waters on four collection stations in Provincia Limón revealed a higher diversity of chitons than was documented. From the country eight species were previously known: Ischnochiton erythronotus (more) (C.B. Adams 1845); Ischnoplax pectinata (Sowerby 1840); Stenoplax boogii (Haddon 1886); S. purpurascens (C.B. Adams 1845); Acanthopleura granulate (Gmelin 1791); Chiton marmoratus Gmelin 1791; C. tuberculatus Linnaeus 1758 and Acanthochitona rhodea (Pilsbry 1893). This study added five more species that are reported here for the first time: Callistochiton portobelensis Ferreira 1976; Ischnochiton kaasi Ferreira 1987; I. pseudovirgatus Kaas 1972; Acanthochitona balesae Abbott 1954 and Cryptoconchus floridanus (Dall 1889). Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (1): 129-136. Epub 2011 March 01.

García-Ríos, Cedar I; Álvarez-Ruiz, Migdalia

2011-03-01

172

Introducción al estudio de los gasterópodos (Mollusca) de la laguna de Montcortès (Pallars Sobirà, Cataluña, NE de la península ibérica)  

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Full Text Available Introduction to the study of gastropods (Mollusca) on the Montcortés lake (Pallars Sobirà, Catlonia, NE of the Iberian peninsula)The check-list of 50 species of terrestrial gastro­pod and freshwater molluscs in the Montcortès lake (Catalonia, Spain) and its environs, pertaining to 24 different families, is shown. Thirty-three species are cited for the first time in the area of study. The unpublished data on their distribution and ecological requirements are contributed. The preliminary results indicate us that the communities of molluscs that accompany to the helofitic vegetation and the higrofits well are formed with elements of high faunistic and ecological interest. Simultaneously, some recommendations for the protection of the malacological fauna of the lake are commented.

V. Bros; A. Martínez-Orti

2009-01-01

173

The complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Nautilus macromphalus (Mollusca: Cephalopoda)  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Mitochondria contain small genomes that are physically separate from those of nuclei. Their comparison serves as a model system for understanding the processes of genome evolution. Although complete mitochondrial genome sequences have been reported for more than 600 animals, the taxonomic sampling is highly biased toward vertebrates and arthropods, leaving much of the diversity yet uncharacterized. Results The mitochondrial genome of the bellybutton nautilus, Nautilus macromphalus, a cephalopod mollusk, is 16,258 nts in length and 59.5% A+T, both values that are typical of animal mitochondrial genomes. It contains the 37 genes that are almost universally found in animal mtDNAs, with 15 on one DNA strand and 22 on the other. The arrangement of these genes can be derived from that of the distantly related Katharina tunicata (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) by a switch in position of two large blocks of genes and transpositions of four tRNA genes. There is strong skew in the distribution of nucleotides between the two strands, and analysis of this yields insight into modes of transcription and replication. There is an unusual number of non-coding regions and their function, if any, is not known; however, several of these demark abrupt shifts in nucleotide skew, and there are several identical sequence elements at these junctions, suggesting that they may play roles in transcription and/or replication. One of the non-coding regions contains multiple repeats of a tRNA-like sequence. Some of the tRNA genes appear to overlap on the same strand, but this could be resolved if the polycistron were cleaved at the beginning of the downstream gene, followed by polyadenylation of the product of the upstream gene to form a fully paired structure. Conclusion Nautilus macromphalus mtDNA contains an expected gene content that has experienced few rearrangements since the evolutionary split between cephalopods and polyplacophorans. It contains an unusual number of non-coding regions, especially considering that these otherwise often are generated by the same processes that produce gene rearrangements. The skew in nucleotide composition between the two strands is strong and associated with the direction of transcription in various parts of the genomes, but a comparison with K. tunicata implies that mutational bias during replication also plays a role. This appears to be yet another case where polyadenylation of mitochondrial tRNAs restores what would otherwise be an incomplete structure.

Boore Jeffrey L

2006-01-01

174

Comparative morphology among representatives of main taxa of Scaphopoda and basal protobranch Bivalvia (Mollusca)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este estudo analisa a morfologia e anatomia detalhadas de 4 espécies de Scaphopoda e 5 espécies de bivalves protobrânquios. Ambas as classes são tradicionalmente agrupadas no táxon Diasoma, o qual vem sendo questionado por diferentes metodologias, tais como molecular e de desenvolvimento. Este estudo é desenvolvido sob uma metodologia filogenética, a qual a maior preocupação é fornecer um procedimento inteligível e testável. As espécies de Scaphopoda analisad (more) as provieram da costa brasileira e pertencem à família Dentaliidae [(1) Coccodentalium carduus; (2) Paradentalium disparile] e Gadilidae [(3) Polyschides noronhensis, n. sp. do Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha; (4) Gadila braziliensis]. Estas espécies representam os ramos principais da classe Scaphopoda. Dos bivalves protobrânquios, representantes das famílias Solemyidae [(5) Solemya occidentalis, da Flórida; S. notialis, n. sp. do S.E. Brasil], Nuculanidae [(6) Propeleda carpentieri, da Flórida] e Nuculidae [(7) Ennucula puelcha, do sul do Brasil] são incluídos. Estas espécies representam os principais ramos dos bivalves basais. As descrições anatômicas de S. occidentalis e de P. carpentieri estão sendo publicadas em outro artigo, as das demais espécies estão incluídas neste, o qual também inclui um completo tratamento taxonômico. Além dessas espécies, representantes de outros táxons são operacionalmente incluídos como parte do ingroup (então os índices são compartilhados com eles), um procedimento visando testar a monofilia morfológica de Diasoma. Esses táxons são 2 bivalves lamelibrânquios [(8) Barbatia - Arcidae; (9) Serratina - Tellinidae; ambos publicados em artigos a parte]; Propilidium (10) Patellogastropoda e (11) Nautilus, Cephalopoda basal, baseados em táxons basais. Os outgroups efetivos são (12) Neopilina (Monoplacophora) e (13) Hanleya (Polyplacophora). A análise filogenética baseada na morfologia revelou que o táxon Diasoma é suportado por 14 sinapomorfias, sendo separada de Cyrtosoma (Gastropoda + Cephalopoda). Embora não sendo o principal enfoque do presente artigo, os táxons Scaphopoda e Bivalvia são suportados por 8 e por 7 sinapomorfias respectivamente. O táxon Protobranchia resultou parafilético. O cladograma obtido é: ((((Coccodentalium carduus - Paradentalium disparile) (Polyschides noronhensis - Gadila brasiliensis)) ((Solemya occidentalis - S. notialis) (Propeleda carpenteri (Ennucula puelcha (Barbatia cancellaria - Serratina capsoides))))) (Propilidium curumim - Nautilus pompilius - Lolliguncula brevis)). Abstract in english This study deals with detailed morphology and anatomy of 4 species of Scaphopoda and 5 species of protobranch Bivalvia. Both classes are traditionally grouped in the taxon Diasoma, which has been questioned by different methodologies, such as molecular and developmental. This study is developed under a phylogenetic methodology with the main concern in performing it in an intelligible and testable methodology. The analyzed Scaphopoda species came from the Brazilian coast a (more) nd belong to the family Dentaliidae [(1) Coccodentalium carduus; (2) Paradentalium disparile] and Gadiliidae; [(3) Polyschides noronhensis, n. sp. from Fernando de Noronha Archipelago; (4) Gadila braziliensis]. These species represent the main branches of the class Scaphopoda. From protobranch bivalves, representatives of the families Solemyidae [(5) Solemya occidentalis, from Florida; S. notialis, n. sp. from S.E. Brazil], Nuculanidae [(6) Propeleda carpentieri from Florida], and Nuculidae [(7) Ennucula puelcha, from south Brazil] are included. These species represent the main branches of the basal Bivalvia. The descriptions on the anatomy of S. occidentalis and of P. carpentieri are published elsewhere. The remaining are included here, for which a complete taxonomical treatment is performed. Beyond these species, representatives of other taxa are operationally included as part of the ingroup (indices are then shared with them), as a pro

Simone, Luiz Ricardo L.

2009-01-01

175

Sellulêre biomerkerresponse as maatstaf van gevoelig- heid van klipmossels (Mollusca) vir kadmiumbesoedeling  

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Full Text Available Die bioakkumulasie van kadmium in tussengetyspesies kan stres veroorsaak wat op sellulêre vlakmeetbaar is. Verskeie klipmosselspesies kom volop op rotse aan die Suid-Afrikaanse kuslyn vooren kan moontlik vir ekotokiskologiese monitering gebruik word. Die oogmerk van die studie wasom sensitiwiteitsdata te verkry wat kan bydrae tot die kies van ’n geskikte spesie vir monitering endie uiteindelike daarstelling van ’n model vir spesie sensitiwiteitsverspreiding (SSV) wat ’nbiomerkerrespons as eindpunt gebruik. Die klipmossels Cymbula oculus, Scutellastra longicosta,Cymbula granatina en Scutellastra granularis en watermonsters is in Valsbaai versamel. Analisesvan kadmium in water en biologiese monsters is met behulp van atoomabsorpsiespektrofotometrieuitgevoer. Blootstellings van organismes aan subletale vlakke van kadmium is uitgevoer in statiesevloeitenks oor ’n periode van drie dae. Daar was ’n matige toename in liggaamskonsentrasies vankadmium oor tyd. Resultate wat by drie blootstellingskonsentrasies gekry is, het geen betekenisvolleverskille in metaalkonsentrasies tussen die verskillende C. oculus monsters uitgewys nie.Betekenisvolle verskille tussen die kontrole en die blootstellingsgroepe vir elke individueleblootstellingstyd is vir die spesie verkry behalwe tussen die kontrole en die 1mg/L CdCl2blootstellingsgroep na 24 en 72 uur van blootstelling. Cd liggaamskonsentrasies (sagteweefsel)het tussen 4.56 en 21.41µg/g (nat massa) gevarieer.Gemiddelde Cd konsentrasies in sagteweefsel van S. longicosta was aansienlik laer (variërendtussen 1.18 en 19.58 µg/g Cd ) as in weefsel van C. oculus. Die kontrolegroep van hierdie spesiehet betekenisvol verskil van die 0.8 en 1 mg/L CdCl2 blootstellings na 48 en 72 uur.Gemiddelde Cd liggaamskonsentrasies in S. granularis was die hoogste van al die blootgesteldespesies en het ’n vlak van 148 µg/g Cd by die hoogste blootstellingskonsentrasie bereik en hetbetekenisvol verskil van die ander monsters se gemiddeldes met die uitsondering van die 0.8 mg/L CdCl2 blootstellingsgroep by 72 uur en die 1 mg/L CdCl2 groep by 24 uur. Betekenisvolle verskilleis ook verkry vir die liggaamskonsentrasies van Cd van C. granatina tussen die drie verskillendeblootstellingskonsentrasies en drie blootstellingstye.Integriteit van lisosoommembrane is bepaal met behulp van die neutraalrooi retensiemetode.Drie van die vier spesies het ’n betekenisvolle afname in retentsietye getoon met ’n toename in Cdkonsentrasie. Tussenspesieverskille in gevoelighede vir omgewingsrelevante kadmium-konsentrasies is deur die biomerkerresponse uitgewys. Gebaseer op die verlaging in NRR tye, isdie volgorde van relatiewe gevoeligheid vir kadmium as volg: S. granularis > C. oculus> S.longicosta.> C. granatina.AbstractCellular biomarker responses of limpets (Mollusca) as measure of sensitivity to cadmiumcontaminationDue to the availability and chemical nature of some heavy metals, sub-lethal toxicant levels may persist in the ocean waters and may cause physiological problems and toxicity in invertebrates and other marine organisms. Although studies of metal concentrations in False Bay showed relatively low mean concentrations of Cd, invertebrates such as molluscs, crustaceans and many other groups are able to accumulate high levels of heavy metals in their tissues and still survive in the heaviest polluted areas. They can accumulate numerous pollutants from natural waters in quantities that are many orders of magnitude higher than background levels. Bioaccumulation ofcadmium in intertidal species could cause stress which may be measurable at the cellular level. A variety of limpet species that may serve as suitable ecotoxicological monitoring species occur in abundance on rocky shores along the South African coastline. The aim of this study was to obtain sensitivity data which could contribute to the selection of a suitable monitoring species and the eventual establishment of a species sensitivity distribution model (SSD) with a biomarker responseas endpoint. The limpets Cymbula ocu

Koot Reinecke; Werner Schoeman; Sophié Reinecke

2008-01-01

176

Biodiversidad de gasterópodos terrestres (Mollusca) en el Parque Biológico Sierra de San Javier, Tucumán, Argentina  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se realizó un inventario y se analizaron parámetros de diversidad de la malacofauna terrestre del Parque Biológico Sierra de San Javier. Se llevaron a cabo muestreos cualitativos y cuantitativos en parcelas de 10x10m tomadas en transectas altitudinales, para un total de 22 169 especímenes recolectados. Las identificaciones taxonómicas se llevaron a cabo a nivel de especie. Se construyó una matriz de especies por parcela para analizar patrones de diversidad y se util (more) izaron estimadores no paramétricos (ICE, ACE, Chao 1 y Chao 2) para calcular la diversidad del Parque, el grado de completitud del muestreo y la agregación espacial de los datos. Se calcularon los índices de Shannon, Simpson, Whittaker y Jaccard. La riqueza del Parque fue estimada en 32 especies distribuidas en 21 géneros y 13 familias. Solo una especie pertenece a Caenogastropoda, el resto son Pulmonados Stylommatophora y Systellommatophora. La familia más representada fue Charopidae mientras que la especie con mayor abundancia relativa fue Adelopoma tucma. La riqueza y diversidad fue levemente mayor en chaco seco que en bosque húmedo de Yungas. Los valores de diversidad obtenidos fueron elevados en comparación con estudios previos realizados en el noroeste Argentino. Abstract in english Biodiversity of land gastropods (Mollusca) in Sierra de San Javier Park, Tucumán, Argentina. Studies related to land mollusk diversity in tropical and subtropical forests are scarce. To assess this, a study on land snail diversity of subtropical cloudforest (Yungas) and dry forest (Chaco) areas of Sierra de San Javier Park, Tucumán, Argentina, was carried out. Taxonomic identifications were performed to species level and built a species per stations data matrix to analy (more) ze diversity patterns on qualitative and quantitative samples processed from 10x10m quadrates in altitudinal transects. Non parametric analysis (ICE, ACE, Chao 1 and Chao 2) were used to estimate the true diversity of the area, as well as the degree of undersampling and spatial aggregation of the data. Diversity was also calculated using Shannon, Simpson, Whittaker and Jaccard indices. The richness of the San Javier Park was estimated to be 32 species distributed into 13 families and 21 genera. From the total number of species collected, a single one belongs to Caenogastropoda, while the rest of the species are classified into Pulmonata Stylommatophora and Systellommatophora. The most representative family was the micromollusc Charopidae, while the most relatively abundant species was another micromollusc snail, Adelopoma tucma. Richness and diversity were slightly more elevated in dry forest areas of the Chacoan Ecoregion than in cloud forest areas of Yungas. Non parametric estimators showed that the inventory was complete. Diversity values obtained were high in comparison to previously studied areas of Northwestern Argentina. The total number of specimen collected (22 169 specimens), was higher than other published studies. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (3): 1009- 1029. Epub 2010 September 01.

Miranda, María José; Cuezzo, María Gabriela

2010-09-01

177

Verspreiding en habitats van Ceratophallus natalensis (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in Suid-Afrika  

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Full Text Available Hierdie artikel handel oor die geografiese verspreiding en habitats van Ceratophallus natalensis soos weerspieël deur die 1 797 monsters wat tans in die databasis van die Nasionale Varswater- slakversameling (NVWSV) opgeneem is. Hierdie spesie is in al 14 verskillende waterliggaamtipes wat in die databasis verteenwoordig word, aangetref. Die grootste getal monsters was afkomstig van damme, spruite en riviere. Habitats met standhoudende, stilstaande en varswater waarvan die substratum oorwegend uit modder bestaan het, was die beste verteenwoordig. Die resultate van ’n geïntegreerde besluitnemingsboom- en effekgrootte-analise het getoon dat temperatuur, hoogte bo seevlak en waterliggame as sodanig, ’n deurslaggewende rol in die gedokumenteerde geografiese verspreiding van hierdie spesie in Suid-Afrika gespeel het. ’n Temperatuurindeks wat bereken is, het getoon dat C. natalensis ook goed toegerus is om habitats in die koeler streke van Suid-Afrika te bevolk. Gesien in die lig van die wye geografiese verspreiding van hierdie spesie in hierdie land en dat dit elders in Afrika bevind is dat dit serkarieë van verskeie helmintspesies onder natuurlike toestande kan vrystel, word dit aanbeveel dat sy rol as tussengasheer in Suid-Afrika deeglik ondersoek behoort te word.AbstractDistribution and habitats of Ceratophallus natalensis (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in South Africa Species of the genus Ceratophallus are known only from some islands in the western Indian Ocean and Africa, where they occur in Eritrea and the area extending southwards and westwards into the Western Cape of South Africa. The most recent classification recognises nine species of this genus of which only two, namely Ceratophallus natalensis (Krauss) and Ceratophallus gibbonsi (Nelson) occur in South Africa. Although partially sympatric, C. gibbonsi is largely associated with a tropical climate and perennial water-bodies while C. natalensis is fairly common in cooler areas and are often found in ephemeral rain pools. This article focuses on the geographical distribution and habitats of C. natalensis, the most widespread species of the genus, as reflected by the data on record in the National Freshwater Snail Collection (NFSC). Details pertaining to the habitats of 1 797 samples of C. natalensis as recorded at the time of collection were extracted from the database of the NFSC. In view of the finding of Brown1 that C. natalensis and C. gibbonsi are partly sympatric, but that the latter is associated with fully tropical climatic areas, samples of Ceratophallus collected in loci ( 1 / 16 th square degrees) that fall within the altitude interval ranging from 0-500 m, were selected for closer investigation. A number of 153 samples from 64 loci falling within this altitude interval was subsequently identified as C. natalensis. The number of loci in which the 1 797 collection sites were located, was distributed in intervals of mean annual air temperature and rainfall, as well as intervals of mean altitude, to illustrate the frequency of occurrence within specific intervals. A temperature index was calculated for all mollusc species in the database from their frequencies of occurrence within selected temperature intervals and the results were used to rank them in order of their association with low to high climatic temperatures. Chi-square values were calculated to evaluate the significance of the difference between the frequency of occurrence in, on, or at the different options for each variable. Additionally, an effect size value was calculated to determine the significance of the effect of all the different variables discussed in this paper on the geographical distribution of C. natalensis in South Africa. A multivariate analysis in the form of a decision tree was also constructed. This is a statistical model that enables the selection and ranking of those variables that can maximally discriminate between the frequency of occurrence of a given species under specific conditions as compared to all other mollusc species in the database.The 1 797

K. N. de Kock

2007-01-01

178

Kadmium in Valsbaai: moniteringspotensiaal van die mariene slak, Oxystele tigrina (Mollusca)  

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Full Text Available n Opname is onderneem van die kadmiumvlakke in die tussengetygebied van Valsbaai, Suid-Afrika. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is seisoenaal bepaal in die water en sediment in verskillende lokaliteite. Die metings is oor ’n periode van een jaar gedoen deur seisoenaal monsters te versamel by ses verskillende versamelpunte in en een buite die baai. Dit is met behulp van atoom-absorpsiespektrofotometrie ontleed vir kadmium en die hoogste kontaminasievlakke is by die noordelike kusstreek gevind tussen Strand en Muizenberg waar die digsbevolkte gebiede en die eeste industriële aktiwiteit voorkom. Betekenisvolle variasie in konsentrasies van kadmium het seisoenaal en ruimtelik voorgekom. Die gemiddelde konsentrasies in die water en sediment was in sommige gevalle effens hoër as die vlakke wat deur die Suid-Afrikaanse waterkwalitetis-riglyne aanbeveel is. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is ook in versamelde eksemplare van die mariene slak Oxystele tigrina vir verskillende seisoene vir drie lokaliteite bepaal. Laboratoriumeksperimente is uitgevoer om die opname, akkumulasie en verlies van kadmium in verskillende organe van die tussen-getyslak, Oxystele tigrina te ondersoek. Weefselspesi? eke kadmiumkonsentrasies in kontrole- sowel as blootgestelde lewende eksemplare is vergelyk oor ’n blootstellingsperiode van veertien dae. Die eksperimentele slakke is aan twee subletale konsentrasies van onderskeidelik 0.20 en 0.40 µg/ml watergedraagde kadmium in die vorm van CdCl 2 blootgestel. Die proefdiere is gereeld gemonitor en kadmiumkonsentrasies is in verskillende organe, na suurvertering, atoomabsorpsie-spektrofotometries bepaal. Die resultate het ’n algemene toename van kadmium in die liggame van die slakke uitgewys. Kadmium is in variërende konsentrasies in alle weefsel gevind. ’n Ongeveer liniêre patroon van akkumulasie het aangetoon dat die metaal waarskynlik nie deur O. tigrina gereguleer is nie. Die metaal se teenwoordigheid het verskil tussen die sagteweefsel en skulp op so ’n wyse dat die sagteweefsel normaalweg ’n hoër opnamekoers van die kadmium weerspieël het. Nadat die blootgestelde organismes in kadmiumvrye seewater oorgeplaas is, het gedeeltelike kadmiumverlies wel plaasgevind. Die variasie in kadmiumverlies van die verskillende organe dui moontlik daarop dat slegs ’n gedeelte van die geakkumuleerde kadmium sterk gebind was in sekere weefsels of organe. Die behoud van kadmium in beide sediment en diereliggame was sodanig dat afgelei kan word dat kadmium teen huidige omgewingskonsentrasies in sekere dele van Valsbaai, wat algemeen as laag beskou word, steeds met verloop van tyd in hierdie tussengetydiere kan akkumuleer tot vlakke wat nadelig is vir die spesies self, maar ook vir hulle redatore. Dit sal veral kan gebeur indien ? siese toestande verander om die biobeskikbaarheid te verhoog. AbstractCadmium in False Bay: Monitoring potential of the marine snail, Oxystele tigrina (Mollusca) Cadmium contamination levels in the False Bay intertidal zone in South Africa were assessed in the water and sediments over a period of one year. Samples were collected seasonally from six sites within the bay, and from a reference site situated just outside the eastern arm of False Bay in order to obtain a general overview of contamination levels to which invertebrates in the coastal areas are exposed. The results from the chemical analyses of water and sediment samples revealed that most contamination was associated with the northern shore of the bay between Strand and Muizenberg, where the most populated and industrialised catchments occur. The high contamination factors calculated for Cd for sediments from some sites suggested a strong input of industrial and other discharges containing this heavy metal. There were signi? cant seasonal and spatial differences in the cadmium concentrations, with spatial variations indicating localised contamination, while seasonal variations were assumed to be predominantly related to changes in precipitation and runoff at different times of the year. The mean cadmium concentra

Koot Reinecke; Naomi Mdzeke; Sophié Reinecke

2009-01-01

179

Estado de conocimiento de los Gastrópodos dulceacuícolas de Chile Current state of knowledge of the freshwater Gastropoda of Chile  

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Full Text Available De acuerdo a la literatura, los gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos están compuestos por 73 especies, i.e., 30 spp. de Chilinidae (género Chilina Gray 1828), 4 spp. de Physidae (género Physa Draparnaud 1801), 5 spp. de Lymnaeidae (género Lymnaea Lamarck 1799), 7 spp. de Planorbidae (género Biomphalaria Preston 1910), 5 spp. de Ancylidae (género Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 y Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913), y 22 spp. de Hydrobiidae (género Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 y Littoridina Souleyet 1852). La distribución del conjunto de especies de gastrópodos se extiende desde Arica en el norte hasta Magallanes en el sur. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de las especies tiene su rango geográfico restringido a una o unas pocas cuencas hidrográficas contiguas a lo largo del gradiente latitudinal. La mayor concentración de especies de gastrópodos se localiza entre las regiones administrativas VII y X. Actualmente existe una importante falta de conocimiento en relación a la taxonomía, biología, ecología, biogeografía y estado de conservación de prácticamente todas las especies de gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos.According to literature, the Chilean freshwater gastropoda is currently composed by 73 species, i.e., 30 spp. of Chilinidae (genus Chilina Gray 1828), 4 spp. of Physidae (genus Physa Draparnaud 1801), 5 spp. of Lymnaeidae (genus Lymnaea Lamarck 1799), 7 spp. of Planorbidae (genus Biomphalaria Preston 1910), 5 spp. of Ancylidae (genus Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 and Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913), and 22 spp. of Hydrobiidae (genus Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 and Littoridina Souleyet 1852). The distribution of the set of species of gastropods spans from Arica in the north to Magallanes in the far south. However, most species have a restricted geographic range, comprising one or a few hydrographical contiguous basins along the latitudinal gradient. The largest concentration of gastropods species is found between the VII and X administrative Regions. An important lack of knowledge exist in relation to the taxonomy, biology, ecology, biogeography and conservation state of practically all the species of Chilean freshwater gastropods.

Claudio Valdovinos Zarges

2006-01-01

180

Estado de conocimiento de los Gastrópodos dulceacuícolas de Chile/ Current state of knowledge of the freshwater Gastropoda of Chile  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish De acuerdo a la literatura, los gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos están compuestos por 73 especies, i.e., 30 spp. de Chilinidae (género Chilina Gray 1828), 4 spp. de Physidae (género Physa Draparnaud 1801), 5 spp. de Lymnaeidae (género Lymnaea Lamarck 1799), 7 spp. de Planorbidae (género Biomphalaria Preston 1910), 5 spp. de Ancylidae (género Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 y Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913), y 22 spp. de Hydrobiidae (género Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 y Littor (more) idina Souleyet 1852). La distribución del conjunto de especies de gastrópodos se extiende desde Arica en el norte hasta Magallanes en el sur. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de las especies tiene su rango geográfico restringido a una o unas pocas cuencas hidrográficas contiguas a lo largo del gradiente latitudinal. La mayor concentración de especies de gastrópodos se localiza entre las regiones administrativas VII y X. Actualmente existe una importante falta de conocimiento en relación a la taxonomía, biología, ecología, biogeografía y estado de conservación de prácticamente todas las especies de gastrópodos dulceacuícolas chilenos. Abstract in english According to literature, the Chilean freshwater gastropoda is currently composed by 73 species, i.e., 30 spp. of Chilinidae (genus Chilina Gray 1828), 4 spp. of Physidae (genus Physa Draparnaud 1801), 5 spp. of Lymnaeidae (genus Lymnaea Lamarck 1799), 7 spp. of Planorbidae (genus Biomphalaria Preston 1910), 5 spp. of Ancylidae (genus Anisancylus Pilsbry 1924 and Uncancylus Pilsbry 1913), and 22 spp. of Hydrobiidae (genus Potamolithus Pilsbry 1896 and Littoridina Souleyet (more) 1852). The distribution of the set of species of gastropods spans from Arica in the north to Magallanes in the far south. However, most species have a restricted geographic range, comprising one or a few hydrographical contiguous basins along the latitudinal gradient. The largest concentration of gastropods species is found between the VII and X administrative Regions. An important lack of knowledge exist in relation to the taxonomy, biology, ecology, biogeography and conservation state of practically all the species of Chilean freshwater gastropods.

Valdovinos Zarges, Claudio

2006-06-01

 
 
 
 
181

Chromosomal location of ribosomal DNA (rDNA), (GATA)n and (TTAGGG)n telomeric repeats in the neogastropod Fasciolaria lignaria (Mollusca: Prosobranchia).  

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This paper reports on a successful application of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with three repetitive DNA probes (ribosomal DNA (rDNA), (GATA)n and (TTAGGG)n) in the chromosomes of Fasciolaria lignaria (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Neogastropoda). rDNA FISH consistently identified four chromosome pairs per spread in the three examined specimens. The telomeric sequence (TTAGGG)n hybridized with termini of all chromosomes. GATA FISH revealed abundant, dispersed minisatellite regions which were not associated to the XY sex-determining mechanism as indicated by the absence of a Y specific pattern of labelling.

Vitturi R; Colomba; Gianguzza P; Pirrone AM

2000-01-01

182

Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al. (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) y faunas asociadas del Cámbrico tardío del Angosto de la Quesera, provincia de Salta/ Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al. (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) y faunas asociadas del Cámbrico tardío del Angosto de la Quesera, Provincia de Salta  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el presente trabajo se realiza un estudio paleontológico en la Formación Lampazar que aflora en la localidad Angosto de La Quesera, franja oeste de la Cordillera Oriental, provincia de Salta. En dicha unidad se ha registrado el género Strepsodiscus Knight (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea), el cual ha reforzado anteriores investigaciones que revelan una edad cámbrica tardía para la asociación fosilífera y los estratos portadores. En esta oportunidad se realiza un d (more) iagnóstico de la morfología funcional de la especie Strepsodicus austrinus Pinilla et al., la cual se documenta asociada a trilobites característicos de la Biozona de Parabolina frequens argentina [Parabolina (Neoparabolina) frequens (Barrande), Olenidae indet., Micragnostus sp.], Hyolitha gen et sp. indet., placas de crinoideos y trazas fósiles de la ichnofacies de Cruziana. Abstract in english A paleontological study on the Lampazar Formation outcropping at Angosto de la Quesera locality, western Cordillera Oriental, Salta Province, is achieved. The occurrence of the genus Strepsodiscus Knight (Gastropoda, Bellerophontoidea) supports a latest Cambrian age for the formation. This paper includes an analysis of the functional morphology of Strepsodiscus austrinus Pinilla et al., which is associated with some characteristic trilobites of the Parabolina frequens arg (more) entina Zone [Parabolina (Neoparabolina) frequens (Barrande), Olenidae indet., Micragnostus sp.], Hyolitha gen et sp. indet, crinoid plates, and trace fossils of the archetypical Cruziana Ichnofacies.

Pinilla, Karina; Sabattini, Nora; Aceñolaza, Guillermo F; Tortello, M. Franco; Esteban, Susana B

2009-06-01

183

A new land snail from the Quaternary of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean): Darderia bellverica n. gen., n. sp. (Gastropoda Pulmonata, Helicodontidae)  

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Full Text Available A new land snail from the Quaternary of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean): Darderia bellverica n. gen., n. sp. (Gastropoda Pulmonata, Helicodontidae A new genus and species of land snail is described from pre-human paleosoils at Bellver hill in the island of Mallorca. It is a medium-sized helicodontid with 6 tight coils, dome-shaped spire, obtuse peripheral keel, eccentric umbilicus, narrow aperture inclined forward, sinuous reflected peristome, a low angular tooth, 5 infrapalatal denticles, teleoconch with many regular riblets and widely scattered hair pits, and protoconch with simple wrinkles and very thin spiral lines. This very rare species had been reported as a member of the Iberian-Maghribian Oestophora. Similar Plio-Pleistocene fossils from the Balearics and Sardinia are placed in the new genus. This may constitute a biogeographic link within the Lindholmiolinae, now surviving at both ends of the Mediterranean basin. It remains unknown when, why or whether it became extinct.

C. R. Altaba

2006-01-01

184

Daños por depredación y tamaño de concha del caracol diádromo Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) en el Río Mameyes, Puerto Rico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se compararon las abundancias y tamaños de conchas del gasterópodo Neritina virginea de acuerdo a los daños presentados en especimenes vivos y muertos (n= 5066) recolectados en el río Mameyes, Puerto Rico (Antillas Mayores). Se observaron daños por depredación de aves y camarones, y signos de erosión por la acción del raspado de la rádula por parte de otros individuos de la misma especie. La depredación fue aparentemente baja ((more) depredados por aves y camarones fueron significativamente diferentes. Las primeras se especializan en los individuos residentes más grandes, mientras que los segundos se especializan en individuos juveniles que presentan un comportamiento migratorio. Estos tamaños no fueron diferentes entre dos hábitats, aunque se observó más conchas depredadas por decápodos que por aves. El desgaste fue común en conchas de todos los tamaños. A pesar de su baja contribución a la dinámica poblacional de los gasterópodos, la depredación podría ser un control importante de respuestas de comportamiento dependientes del tamaño, tales como la migración río arriba y la selección de microhábitats. Abstract in english Predator damage and shell size on the diadromous snail Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) in the Mameyes River, Puerto Rico. We compared predators? damage with shell size in live individuals and empty shells (n=5066) of the snail Neritina virginea in the Mameyes River (Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles). According to the literature and direct observations, damages on empty shells were attributed to predation by aquatic birds (e.g. Gallinula chloropus) and decapods (e. (more) g. Macrobrachium spp.), while damages on live individuals were due to rasping by co-specifics and erosion. Predation by decapods and birds, as estimated by the proportion of empty shells, was low (2 and 0.36%, respectively). Shell size was significantly different between types of predators (range: decapods: 3.5-15.0mm, birds: 8.1-19.4mm). By comparing sizes of the empty shells and the live individuals, we concluded that decapods specialize on large groups of small migratory juveniles, while birds specialize on the largest resident individuals. Worn shells were highly frequent in both empty shells and live individuals, and sizes did not differ between samples. A comparison by slow-flow and fast-flow habitats showed that predators do not discriminate shell sizes between environments. However, the frequency of damage by birds and decapods was greater under slow-flow conditions. Despite of the little contribution of predation to the population dynamics in this species, predation might be an important driver of size-dependent behavioral responses such as upstream migration and microhabitat selection. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (4): 1069-1080. Epub 2009 December 01.

Blanco-Libreros, Juan Felipe; Arroyave-Rincón, Andrea

2009-12-01

185

Daños por depredación y tamaño de concha del caracol diádromo Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) en el Río Mameyes, Puerto Rico  

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Full Text Available Se compararon las abundancias y tamaños de conchas del gasterópodo Neritina virginea de acuerdo a los daños presentados en especimenes vivos y muertos (n= 5066) recolectados en el río Mameyes, Puerto Rico (Antillas Mayores). Se observaron daños por depredación de aves y camarones, y signos de erosión por la acción del raspado de la rádula por parte de otros individuos de la misma especie. La depredación fue aparentemente baja (Predator damage and shell size on the diadromous snail Neritina virginea (Gastropoda: Neritidae) in the Mameyes River, Puerto Rico. We compared predators’ damage with shell size in live individuals and empty shells (n=5066) of the snail Neritina virginea in the Mameyes River (Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles). According to the literature and direct observations, damages on empty shells were attributed to predation by aquatic birds (e.g. Gallinula chloropus) and decapods (e.g. Macrobrachium spp.), while damages on live individuals were due to rasping by co-specifics and erosion. Predation by decapods and birds, as estimated by the proportion of empty shells, was low (2 and 0.36%, respectively). Shell size was significantly different between types of predators (range: decapods: 3.5-15.0mm, birds: 8.1-19.4mm). By comparing sizes of the empty shells and the live individuals, we concluded that decapods specialize on large groups of small migratory juveniles, while birds specialize on the largest resident individuals. Worn shells were highly frequent in both empty shells and live individuals, and sizes did not differ between samples. A comparison by slow-flow and fast-flow habitats showed that predators do not discriminate shell sizes between environments. However, the frequency of damage by birds and decapods was greater under slow-flow conditions. Despite of the little contribution of predation to the population dynamics in this species, predation might be an important driver of size-dependent behavioral responses such as upstream migration and microhabitat selection. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (4): 1069-1080. Epub 2009 December 01.

Juan Felipe Blanco-Libreros; Andrea Arroyave-Rincón

2009-01-01

186

A new species of Acteon (Opisthobranchia: Acteonidae) from Northeast Brazil  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english A new species of Acteon Montfort 1810, Acteon mirim sp. nov., from Canopus Bank, state of Ceará, Brazil is described based on shell morphology. The new species is compared with other species of the genus reported from Brazil. It differs from other Brazilian species in having a whitish color with dark orange-brown spiral bands and a shell surface covered with small spiral grooves, regularly rectangular.

Cunha, Carlo Magenta

2011-04-01

187

DISTRIBUCIÓN ESPACIAL DE LA TAXOCENOSIS ANNELIDA-MOLLUSCA EN LA PLATAFORMA CONTINENTAL DEL GOLFO DE SALAMANCA, CARIBE COLOMBIANO  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se hace una caracterización espacial preliminar de las comunidades macrozoobénticas de la plataforma continental al suroccidente de Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano. Para tal fin, se tomaron muestras de fondo en 17 estaciones, entre los 15 y 100 m de profundidad. El análisis de la taxocenosis se basa en aquellos grupos más abundantes, poliquetos y moluscos, analizados a nivel de familias. Se utiliza un análisis de agolpamiento entre estaciones y entre familias con el f (more) in de caracterizar espacial-mente la taxocenosis. La distribución espacial de la taxocenosis se relaciona con la profundidad, la composición granulomótrica del sedimento y algunas características biológicas de sus componentes. Les resultados preliminares muestran básicamente tres taxocenosis: la primera se caracteriza por encontrarse entre 15 y 60 m de profundidad, en fondos heterogéneos de cienos y arenas (medias, finas y muy finas), presentando la mayor abundancia y diversidad; la segunda se presenta sobre los 60 m de profundidad, en fondos de cieno; la tercera asociación se presenta sobre los 100 m, en cieno y mues&tra las menores abundancias y diversidades. Abstract in english A preliminary characterization of macrozoobenthic assemblages on the continental shelf off southwestern Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean, is made on the basis of bottom samples taken at 17 stations, in depths between 15 and 100 m. Only families of the most abundant groups, Mollusca and Polychaeta, were taken into account for the analysis. Cluster analysis of similarity between stations and between families revealed the ocurrence of three assemblages, whose spatial distrib (more) ution is related with sediment type, depth, and some biological features: one assemblage is found on bottoms with fine to very fine sand and muds at dephts between 15 and 60 m, showing the greater abundances and families diversity; the second assemblage is found at about 60 m depth in muddy bottom; a last assemblage inhabits also muddy bottom below 100 m depth and exhibits the lowest numbers of abundance and diversity.

Guzmán-Alvis, Ángela; Díaz, Juan Manuel

1993-12-01

188

Fast evolving 18S rRNA sequences from Solenogastres (Mollusca) resist standard PCR amplification and give new insights into mollusk substitution rate heterogeneity  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The 18S rRNA gene is one of the most important molecular markers, used in diverse applications such as molecular phylogenetic analyses and biodiversity screening. The Mollusca is the second largest phylum within the animal kingdom and mollusks show an outstanding high diversity in body plans and ecological adaptations. Although an enormous amount of 18S data is available for higher mollusks, data on some early branching lineages are still limited. Despite of some partial success in obtaining these data from Solenogastres, by some regarded to be the most "basal" mollusks, this taxon still remained problematic due to contamination with food organisms and general amplification difficulties. Results We report here the first authentic 18S genes of three Solenogastres species (Mollusca), each possessing a unique sequence composition with regions conspicuously rich in guanine and cytosine. For these GC-rich regions we calculated strong secondary structures. The observed high intra-molecular forces hamper standard amplification and appear to increase formation of chimerical sequences caused by contaminating foreign DNAs from potential prey organisms. In our analyses, contamination was avoided by using RNA as a template. Indication for contamination of previously published Solenogastres sequences is presented. Detailed phylogenetic analyses were conducted using RNA specific models that account for compensatory substitutions in stem regions. Conclusions The extreme morphological diversity of mollusks is mirrored in the molecular 18S data and shows elevated substitution rates mainly in three higher taxa: true limpets (Patellogastropoda), Cephalopoda and Solenogastres. Our phylogenetic tree based on 123 species, including representatives of all mollusk classes, shows limited resolution at the class level but illustrates the pitfalls of artificial groupings formed due to shared biased sequence composition.

Meyer Achim; Todt Christiane; Mikkelsen Nina T; Lieb Bernhard

2010-01-01

189

Fast evolving 18S rRNA sequences from Solenogastres (Mollusca) resist standard PCR amplification and give new insights into mollusk substitution rate heterogeneity.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The 18S rRNA gene is one of the most important molecular markers, used in diverse applications such as molecular phylogenetic analyses and biodiversity screening. The Mollusca is the second largest phylum within the animal kingdom and mollusks show an outstanding high diversity in body plans and ecological adaptations. Although an enormous amount of 18S data is available for higher mollusks, data on some early branching lineages are still limited. Despite of some partial success in obtaining these data from Solenogastres, by some regarded to be the most "basal" mollusks, this taxon still remained problematic due to contamination with food organisms and general amplification difficulties. RESULTS: We report here the first authentic 18S genes of three Solenogastres species (Mollusca), each possessing a unique sequence composition with regions conspicuously rich in guanine and cytosine. For these GC-rich regions we calculated strong secondary structures. The observed high intra-molecular forces hamper standard amplification and appear to increase formation of chimerical sequences caused by contaminating foreign DNAs from potential prey organisms. In our analyses, contamination was avoided by using RNA as a template. Indication for contamination of previously published Solenogastres sequences is presented. Detailed phylogenetic analyses were conducted using RNA specific models that account for compensatory substitutions in stem regions. CONCLUSIONS: The extreme morphological diversity of mollusks is mirrored in the molecular 18S data and shows elevated substitution rates mainly in three higher taxa: true limpets (Patellogastropoda), Cephalopoda and Solenogastres. Our phylogenetic tree based on 123 species, including representatives of all mollusk classes, shows limited resolution at the class level but illustrates the pitfalls of artificial groupings formed due to shared biased sequence composition.

Meyer A; Todt C; Mikkelsen NT; Lieb B

2010-01-01

190

Reproducción, dieta y pesquería del pulpo Octopus (Octopus) hubbsorum (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) en la costa de Oaxaca, México  

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Full Text Available Se analizan algunos aspectos de la biología y pesquería de Octopus hubbsorum capturado por pesca artesanal en Puerto Ángel, Oaxaca, México. Las muestras se obtuvieron de enero 2002 a noviembre 2003 con una periodicidad quincenal. A cada uno de los organismos se les registró la longitud dorsal del manto (LDM), peso total, sexo y estado de madurez gonádica. Asímismo se obtuvo el Índice Gonadosomático (IGS). Para el análisis del contenido estomacal se utilizaron los índices de frecuencia de presencia y vaciado. Se analizaron 352 organismos, con un intervalo de tallas de 4 a 19 cm LDM; la proporción de sexos fue diferente de 1 (.2= 24.2, pReproduction, diet and fishery of Octopus (Octopus) hubbsorum (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) in the coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. The octopus Octopus hubbsorum (Berry 1953) ranges widely and is important for the artisanal fishery in Puerto Angel, Oaxaca, Mexico. Samples were taken approximately at every two weeks from January 2002 to November 2003. All organisms were measured for dorsal mantle length (DLM) and total weight; sex and maturity gonadic stage were registered. For the stomach content analysis, frequency of occurrence and emptying indexes were used. The 352 organisms caught ranged from 4 to 18 cm in DLM; the sex ratio was different from 1 (X² = 24.2, p<0.05) throughout the year. The maximum values of the GSI appeared in May (4.1917 for females; 1.2675 in males). LDM for first sexual maturity (LDM50%) was 16 cm (females) and 14 cm (males). Octopus hubbsorum moves from deep waters to the coast, probably in search of better conditions, and lays masses of eggs on rocky substrata. They are fished from March to October, with higher intensity in April and May. Fishing effort was related to the oceanographic characteristics and the atmospheric conditions of the area. From April to September the CPUE monthly mean was 20-10 kg/divers/day. Using the CPUE and environmental condition relationship, the estimated adequate superficial temperature for fishing is 29.5 °C. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (1-2): 63-78. Epub 2009 June 30.

Maria del Carmen Alejo-Plata; José Luis Gómez-Márquez; Samuel Ramos Carrillo; Jorge Eduardo Herrera- Galindo

2009-01-01

191

Verspreiding van Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912) en Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903) (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) in Suid-Afrika Distribution of Burnupia capensis (Walker, 1912) and Burnupia stenochorias (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1903) (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) in South Africa  

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Full Text Available Die voorkoms van verteenwoordigers van die Ancylidae in Suid-Afrika is reeds in 1848 gerapporteer. Die eerste omvattende studie van hierdie familie in Suid-Afrika is egter eers in 1923 gepubliseer. Alhoewel verskeie bydraes sedertdien gepubliseer is, is verskeie outeurs van mening dat bestaande kennis oor die Ancylidae steeds gebrekkig is en dat hersiening nie net op spesievlak nie maar ook op genus-vlak nodig is. Tans is daar 14 Burnupia spesies op rekord in die databasis van die Nasionale Varswaterslakversameling (NVWSV). Hierdie bydrae handel oor die geogra? ese verspreiding en habitats van B. capensis en B. stenochorias die twee Ancylidae spesies waarvan die meeste versamelpunte in die databasis van die NVWSV op rekord is en wat ook die mees wydverspreide geogra? ese verspreiding van hierdie familie vertoon. Alhoewel beide spesies in die meerderheid van die verskeidenheid van waterliggame wat in die databasis vermeld word, aangetref is, is die grootste getal monsters van albei in standhoudende riviere en spruite en op ’n klipperige substraat versamel. Albei spesies is nie gerapporteer uit die droër streke van Suid-Afrika nie waarskynlik as gevolg van ’n beperkte vermoë om desikkasie te kan oorleef in gebiede waar standhoudende habitats ’n uitsondering is. Resultate dui daarop dat hoogte bo seevlak en aard van die substraat ’n belangrike rol gespeel het in die daarstelling van hul gedokumenteerde geogra? ese verspreiding soos weerspieël deur die rekords in die NVWSV. Min is oor die bewaringstatus van die Ancylidae van Suid-Afrika bekend, maar die karige inligting wat wel tot ons beskikking is, dui op rede tot kommer. Om sinvolle uitsprake oor die bewaringstatus en spesiediversiteit van die Mollusca van Suid-Afrika te kan maak, word aanbeveel dat van die versamelpunte op rekord weer besoek behoort te word waarna die resultate met die bestaande rekords in die databasis van die NVWSV vergelyk kan word.The presence of Ancylidae in South Africa was established as early as 1848 but the ?rst comprehensive study on this family was reported in 1923. This author came to the conclusion that extensive work still had to be done before it could be declared that knowledge pertaining to the South African representatives of this family could be considered as satisfactory. Another important contribution on South African Ancylidae was published in 1939. After a detailed morphological and histological study on Burnupia mooiensis three decades later the authors stated that the axonomy of the Ancylidae still remained unsatisfactory, a view that was supported by authors as recently as 2002. The National Freshwater Snail Collection (NFSC) was established in 1956 but he oldest sample of Ancylidae on record dates back to 1954 and at present 14 species of Burnupia are represented in the database of the NFSC. This contribution deals with the geographical distribution and speci?c characteristics of the habitats of B. capensis and B. stenochorias the two most widespread species of this genus in South Africa. Very little is known of the conservation status of the Ancylidae of this country but some results pertaining to this subject are brie?y discussed. Burnupia species are relatively inconspicuous organisms that are usually attached to solid objects on the substratum or aquatic vegetation and need to be speci? cally looked for during surveys. Personnel of government authorities and municipalities who made substantial contributions to the number of samples in the NFSC therefore received special training in sampling echniques during workshops. Identi?cation of the specimens was largely based on shell and radula characteristics and on he location of the site of collection. Only samples of which the sampling sites could be located on the 1:250 000 topo cadastral map series of South Africa were considered for further analysis. Respectively 702 and 435 samples of B. capensis and B. stenochorias met this requirement. The loci (1/16 th square degrees) in which the collection sites of these species were locate

Kenné de Kock; Corrie Wolmarans

2009-01-01

192

Cirripedios en la dieta del molusco herbívoro Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) presente en el intermareal rocoso de Iquique, norte de Chile/ Barnacles in the diet of the molluscan grazer Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) present on the intertidal rocky shore of Iquique, northern Chile  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se entrega información preliminar cuantitativa, sobre la presencia de cirripedios en estados de larvas cypris y estados post-metamórficos en la dieta del molusco Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) recolectado en Iquique, Chile. En diciembre de 2000, se observó la presencia de larvas cypris y post-metamórfico con una importante abundancia relativa porcentual (N = 30, 54,1 y 39,9%, respectivamente) y con una frecuencia de ocurrencia del 100% en el tota (more) l de estómagos. Además, se registró una alta frecuencia de larvas cypris (F% = 67) en la porción final del intestino, de éstas 15 presentaron signos de actividad vital (movimiento de apéndices) en el 45% del total de estómagos analizados. La ingesta de cirripedios en estados cypris y post-metamórficos, fue observada también con una alta frecuencia durante cinco meses de estudio (N = 10, 96% ± 6,5 y 78% ± 23,6) Abstract in english Preliminary quantitative information is given on the presence of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages in the diet of the molluscan grazer Chiton granosus Frembly 1827 (Mollusca: Placophora) sampled at Iquique, Chile. In December 2000, we observed the presence of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages at a high relative percentage of abundance (N = 30, 54,1% and 39,9%, respectively) and they were frequent in all of the individuals analyzed. Moreover, a high f (more) requency of ocurrence of cyprid larvae (F% = 67) was recorded in the distal portion of the intestine; of these larvae, 15 were observed with signs of vital activity (appendage movement) in 45% of all the stomachs analyzed. Ingestion of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages was observed at a high frequency throughout the five months of the study (N = 10, 96% ± 6,5 and 78% ± 23,6)

Aguilera, Moisés A

2005-05-01

193

Cirripedios en la dieta del molusco herbívoro Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) presente en el intermareal rocoso de Iquique, norte de Chile Barnacles in the diet of the molluscan grazer Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) present on the intertidal rocky shore of Iquique, northern Chile  

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Full Text Available Se entrega información preliminar cuantitativa, sobre la presencia de cirripedios en estados de larvas cypris y estados post-metamórficos en la dieta del molusco Chiton granosus Frembly, 1827 (Mollusca, Placophora) recolectado en Iquique, Chile. En diciembre de 2000, se observó la presencia de larvas cypris y post-metamórfico con una importante abundancia relativa porcentual (N = 30, 54,1 y 39,9%, respectivamente) y con una frecuencia de ocurrencia del 100% en el total de estómagos. Además, se registró una alta frecuencia de larvas cypris (F% = 67) en la porción final del intestino, de éstas 15 presentaron signos de actividad vital (movimiento de apéndices) en el 45% del total de estómagos analizados. La ingesta de cirripedios en estados cypris y post-metamórficos, fue observada también con una alta frecuencia durante cinco meses de estudio (N = 10, 96% ± 6,5 y 78% ± 23,6)Preliminary quantitative information is given on the presence of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages in the diet of the molluscan grazer Chiton granosus Frembly 1827 (Mollusca: Placophora) sampled at Iquique, Chile. In December 2000, we observed the presence of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages at a high relative percentage of abundance (N = 30, 54,1% and 39,9%, respectively) and they were frequent in all of the individuals analyzed. Moreover, a high frequency of ocurrence of cyprid larvae (F% = 67) was recorded in the distal portion of the intestine; of these larvae, 15 were observed with signs of vital activity (appendage movement) in 45% of all the stomachs analyzed. Ingestion of barnacle cyprids and post-metamorphic stages was observed at a high frequency throughout the five months of the study (N = 10, 96% ± 6,5 and 78% ± 23,6)

Moisés A Aguilera

2005-01-01

194

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martin Garcia Island, Rio de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods and bivalves from Martín García Island amounts to up to 26 species. Among the Gastropoda, the Planorbidae family made the most sizeable contribution. The Lithogliphidae P. agapetus (26.28%) and P. buschii (9.50%) showed the highest relative frequencies of occurrence within the littoral environments, while the Planorbidae D. cimex (23.83%) and D. kermatoides (11.59%) likewise did so in the inland ponds.

César II; Martín SM; Rumi A; Tassara M

2012-02-01

195

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods and bivalves from Martín García Island amounts to up to 26 species. Among the Gastropoda, the Planorbidae family made the most sizeable contribution. The Lithogliphidae P. agapetus (26.28%) and P. buschii (9.50%) showed the highest relative frequencies of occurrence within the littoral environments, while the Planorbidae D. cimex (23.83%) and D. kermatoides (11.59%) likewise did so in the inland ponds. PMID:22437392

César, I I; Martín, S M; Rumi, A; Tassara, M

2012-02-01

196

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology Moluscos (Gastropoda e Bivalvia) da Reserva Natural de Usos Múltiplos Ilha Martín García, Rio de La Plata: biodiversidade e ecologia  

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Full Text Available The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen saturation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods and bivalves from Martín García Island amounts to up to 26 species. Among the Gastropoda, the Planorbidae family made the most sizeable contribution. The Lithogliphidae P. agapetus (26.28%) and P. buschii (9.50%) showed the highest relative frequencies of occurrence within the littoral environments, while the Planorbidae D. cimex (23.83%) and D. kermatoides (11.59%) likewise did so in the inland ponds.A Ilha de Martín García está localizada na parte alta do Rio de la Plata, ao sul da desembocadura do Rio Uruguay. Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a biodiversidade dos moluscos de água doce da ilha e sua relação com variáveis ambientais. Doze pontos de amostragem foram selecionados: cinco foram ao longo da seção litoral da ilha e sete em lagunas interiores. Sete variáveis ambientais foram medidas: temperatura da água e do ar, porcentagem de saturação de oxigênio, oxigênio dissolvido, condutividade elétrica, sólidos totais dissolvidos e pH. Vinte e seis espécies de moluscos foram encontrados: Antillorbis nordestensis, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila, B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense e Limnoperna fortunei. A análise de agrupamento das espécies com base em sua ocorrência em diferentes condições ecológicas revelou dois grupos principais de espécies. A Análise de Correspondência Canônica sugere que a distribuição das espécies é relacionada com a condição físico-química da água. No eixo dois do diagrama de ordenação apresentado, há cerca de 96% de correlação entre as espécies e as variáveis ambientais. O oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade, a temperatura da água e pH apresentaram as maiores oscilações durante o período de amostragem. A riqueza de espécies (S) apresentou relações principalmente com a temperatura da água e a condutividade. A biodiversidade de gastrópodes e bivalves da Ilha Martín García é de 26 espécies. Entre os Gastropoda, a famí

II César; SM Martín; A Rumi; M Tassara

2012-01-01

197

Effects of CO-60 gamma radiation on the embryonary development of Biomphalaria Glabrata (Say, 1818)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Some aspects of the effects of the ionizing radiation on the embryo and on the genetical material of Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca: Gastropoda) are presented. The embryos weresubmitted at various stages of development to doses of 5,10,15,20 and 25 Gy of Co-60 gamma radiation. As a criteia of evaluation of the embryos radiosensitivity, four biological parameters were used: mortality, malformation, hatching and chromossomal aberrations. (M.A.C.).

1988-01-01

198

Tolerance to air exposure of the New Zealand mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae, Mollusca) as a prerequisite to survival in overland translocations  

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Full Text Available Spreading throughout a new ecosystem is the last step of an exotic species to become invasive. In the case of invasive aquatic molluscs, tolerance to air exposure is one of the main mechanisms allowing overland translocation and spreading. The mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae, Mollusca) is native to New Zealand but it has spread worldwide, invading ecosystems in Europe, Australia, America and Asia. The aim of our study is to assess mudsnail tolerance to air exposure, which may contribute to the successful overland translocation of this species. We conducted a laboratory experiment with four levels of air exposure (9, 18, 24 and 36 hours in a controlled climatic chamber). Snails were placed for 60 seconds in a laboratory paper filter to remove surface snail water. Then they were placed back in empty vessels during the four periods of air exposure, except the control group, which was immediately returned to water. At the end of each period of air exposure all vessels were filled with water and the cumulative mortality was monitored after 24, 96, 168 and 264 hours of rehydration. The calculated Lethal Times (i.e. the time of air exposure (in hours) necessary to cause the death of 50% (LT50) or 99% (LT99) of the population) and their 95% confidence limits at 24, 96, 168 and 264 hours were 28.1 (25.2–31.9), 26.9 (24.2–30.1), 25.9 (23.4–28.9) and 25.9 (23.4–28.9) hours, respectively for LT50, and 49.6 (42.7–63.3), 45.6 (39.9–56.5), 43.2 (38.0–53.0) and 43.2 (38.0–53.0) hours, respectively for LT99. Therefore an air exposure time over 43 hours caused the death of all studied individuals during all monitoring periods. Extending the monitoring period beyond 24 hours did not significantly change lethal times. Therefore, we recommend exposing fishing tools or boats at open air during at least 53 hours as a low cost measure to control mudsnail spread in early stages of invasion.

Alvaro Alonso; Pilar Castro-Díez

2012-01-01

199

Sucesión temprana de la taxocenosis Mollusca-Annelida-Crustacea en raíces sumergidas de mangle rojo en San Andrés Isla, Caribe colombiano/ Early succession of the taxocenosis Mollusca-Annelida-Crustacea on red mangrove submerged roots in San Andres Island, Colombian Caribbean  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se analizó la sucesión temprana de los taxa Annelida, Mollusca y Crustacea asociados a las raíces sumergidas de Rhizophora mangle (mangle rojo), empleando ramas del mismo como sustrato artificial (unidades experimentales). El análisis se relacionó con algunas variables físico-químicas y ambientales durante 188 días en San Andrés Isla, entre noviembre 2002 y mayo 2003, en tres estaciones de dos bahías, Hooker y Honda. Se identificaron 34.175 individuos en 130 uni (more) dades experimentales, los anélidos mostraron la mayor proporción (77,1%). Se generó un análisis de ordenación y clasificación (dendrograma y un escalamiento multidimensional no métrico-NMDS) para cada uno de los tres taxa estudiados. Los análisis revelaron débil similaridad entre la parte interna de Bahía Hooker y las estaciones restantes. Se calcularon los índices de diversidad de Shannon-Wiener, uniformidad de Pielou, riqueza de Margalef y predominio de Simpson a lo largo del estudio; los tres primeros presentaron mayores valores en Bahía Hooker que en Honda, mientras que el índice de predominio fue mayor en Bahía Honda. Hubo organismos pioneros como el anélido Spirorbis sp. y transitorios como los crustáceos; los moluscos parecieron necesitar periodos más prolongados para asentarse. Estas respuestas revelan que características geomorfológicas, presencia o ausencia de corrientes de agua dulce, mareas y lluvias, principalmente, y factores antrópicos pueden influir en el desarrollo de estas comunidades. Dispersión larval y proximidad con otros ecosistemas aumentan o disminuyen las poblaciones; sólo algunos organismos adaptados a condiciones extremas se establecen y mantienen en el área. Bajo condiciones favorables, la abundancia y diversidad de especies tienden a aumentar Abstract in english The early succession of the taxa Annelida, Mollusca and Crustacea on Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove) submerged roots was analyzed using old branches as ground (which were the experimental units) in San Andres Island. The analysis was related to some physico-chemical and environmental variables during 188 days, between November/2002 and May/2003, in Hooker and Honda bays. A total of 34,175 individuals in 130 experimental units were counted, where the annelids represented (more) the largest proportion (77.1%) from the whole sample. A dendrogram and a nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) were constructed for each one of the three studied taxa. The analyses showed a weak similarity between the internal part of the Hooker Bay and the remaining stations. Shannon-Wiener diversity, Pielou evenness, Margalef richness and Simpson predominance indexes were calculated throughout the study; the three first indices showed greater values in Hooker Bay than in Honda Bay, while the predominance index was greater in Bay Honda. There were pioneers organisms such as Spirorbis sp., and transient ones, such as crustaceans, whilst molluscs seemed to need longer periods to settle in. These responses reveal that geomorphological characteristics, presence or absence of freshwater currents, tides and rainfall mainly, as well as anthropic factors can influence the development of these communities. Larval dispersion and the proximity to other ecosystems increase or reduce the populations, and only some organisms, adapted to extreme conditions, settle down and maintain in the area. Under favorable conditions, abundance and species diversity tend to increase

Romero-Murillo, Patricia E; Polanía, Jaime

2008-04-01

200

Variabilidad temporal de la abundancia de Coralliophila abbreviata y Coralliophila caribaea (Mollusca, Coralliophilidae) en un arrecife coralino del Parque Nacional Morrocoy, Venezuela  

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Full Text Available C. abbreviata y C. caribaea son moluscos coralívoros del Mar Caribe. Evaluamos la variabilidad temporal de la abundancia y los cambios en la estructura de talla de C. abbreviata y C. caribaea en Cayo Sombrero, Venezuela (septiembre 2004-agosto 2005). Se colocaron transectas fijas de 50 metros de longitud a profundidades de tres y seis metros cada una, paralelas a la costa. Se evaluó mensualmente durante un año la densidad de ambos depredadores y se seleccionaron 30 individuos de C. abbreviata para medirlos cada mes. Las densidades de C. abbreviata en la transecta somera fluctuaron entre 1.78 ind/m² en septiembre y 6.26 ind/m² en mayo; las densidades de C. abbreviata en la transecta profunda estuvieron comprendidas entre 4.23 ind/m² en enero y 7.66 ind/m² en mayo. Las densidades de C. caribaea fluctuaron en la transecta somera entre 0 ind/m² (todos los meses menos septiembre) y 0.03 ind/m² (septiembre) mientras que la transecta profunda fluctuó entre 0 ind/m² (octubre a marzo y julio) y 0.1 ind/m² (abril). La mayoría de los individuos de C. abbreviata midieron entre 12 y 16 mm de longitud. El largo de la mayoría de los individuos de C. caribaea estuvo comprendido entre 10 y 15 mm.Temporary abundance variation of Coralliophila abbreviata and Coralliophila caribaea (Mollusca, Coralliophilidae) in a coral reef at Morrocoy National Park. The mollusks Coralliophila abbreviata and C. caribaea are coral predators in the Caribbean Sea . We evaluated the temporal variability of abundance and size structure of C. abbreviata and C. caribaea in Cayo Sombrero, Morrocoy National Park, Venezuelar (September 2004 - August 2005). The density of C. abbreviata and C. caribaea was evaluated monthly by means of two 50- meter long transects paralell to the coast line, at 3 m and 6 m deep; aditionally, 30 individuals of C. abbreviata were collected to measure size. The densities of C. abbreviata at the shallow transect fluctuated between 1.78 ind/m² in September and 6.26 ind/m² in May. The densities at the deep transect fluctuated between 4.23 ind/m² in January and 7.66 ind/m² in May. The densities of C. caribaea at the shallow transect fluctuated between 0 ind/m2 (except in September) and 0.03 ind/m² (September) and the densities at the deep transect fluctuated between 0 ind/m² (October to March and July) and 0.1 ind/m² (April). Most individuals of C. abbreviata and C. caribaea measured between 12 and 16 mm and between 10 and 15 mm long respectively. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 501-511. Epub 2008 June 30.

Carlos del Mónaco; Estrella Villamizar; Samuel Narciso

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Variabilidad temporal de la abundancia de Coralliophila abbreviata y Coralliophila caribaea (Mollusca, Coralliophilidae) en un arrecife coralino del Parque Nacional Morrocoy, Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish C. abbreviata y C. caribaea son moluscos coralívoros del Mar Caribe. Evaluamos la variabilidad temporal de la abundancia y los cambios en la estructura de talla de C. abbreviata y C. caribaea en Cayo Sombrero, Venezuela (septiembre 2004-agosto 2005). Se colocaron transectas fijas de 50 metros de longitud a profundidades de tres y seis metros cada una, paralelas a la costa. Se evaluó mensualmente durante un año la densidad de ambos depredadores y se seleccionaron 30 ind (more) ividuos de C. abbreviata para medirlos cada mes. Las densidades de C. abbreviata en la transecta somera fluctuaron entre 1.78 ind/m² en septiembre y 6.26 ind/m² en mayo; las densidades de C. abbreviata en la transecta profunda estuvieron comprendidas entre 4.23 ind/m² en enero y 7.66 ind/m² en mayo. Las densidades de C. caribaea fluctuaron en la transecta somera entre 0 ind/m² (todos los meses menos septiembre) y 0.03 ind/m² (septiembre) mientras que la transecta profunda fluctuó entre 0 ind/m² (octubre a marzo y julio) y 0.1 ind/m² (abril). La mayoría de los individuos de C. abbreviata midieron entre 12 y 16 mm de longitud. El largo de la mayoría de los individuos de C. caribaea estuvo comprendido entre 10 y 15 mm. Abstract in english Temporary abundance variation of Coralliophila abbreviata and Coralliophila caribaea (Mollusca, Coralliophilidae) in a coral reef at Morrocoy National Park. The mollusks Coralliophila abbreviata and C. caribaea are coral predators in the Caribbean Sea . We evaluated the temporal variability of abundance and size structure of C. abbreviata and C. caribaea in Cayo Sombrero, Morrocoy National Park, Venezuelar (September 2004 - August 2005). The density of C. abbreviata and C (more) . caribaea was evaluated monthly by means of two 50- meter long transects paralell to the coast line, at 3 m and 6 m deep; aditionally, 30 individuals of C. abbreviata were collected to measure size. The densities of C. abbreviata at the shallow transect fluctuated between 1.78 ind/m² in September and 6.26 ind/m² in May. The densities at the deep transect fluctuated between 4.23 ind/m² in January and 7.66 ind/m² in May. The densities of C. caribaea at the shallow transect fluctuated between 0 ind/m2 (except in September) and 0.03 ind/m² (September) and the densities at the deep transect fluctuated between 0 ind/m² (October to March and July) and 0.1 ind/m² (April). Most individuals of C. abbreviata and C. caribaea measured between 12 and 16 mm and between 10 and 15 mm long respectively. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 501-511. Epub 2008 June 30.

del Mónaco, Carlos; Villamizar, Estrella; Narciso, Samuel

2008-06-01

202

Mollusks (Gastropoda and Bivalvia) of the Multiple-Use Reserve Martín García Island, Río de la Plata River: biodiversity and ecology/ Moluscos (Gastropoda e Bivalvia) da Reserva Natural de Usos Múltiplos Ilha Martín García, Rio de La Plata: biodiversidade e ecologia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A Ilha de Martín García está localizada na parte alta do Rio de la Plata, ao sul da desembocadura do Rio Uruguay. Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a biodiversidade dos moluscos de água doce da ilha e sua relação com variáveis ambientais. Doze pontos de amostragem foram selecionados: cinco foram ao longo da seção litoral da ilha e sete em lagunas interiores. Sete variáveis ambientais foram medidas: temperatura da água e do ar, porcentagem de saturação de (more) oxigênio, oxigênio dissolvido, condutividade elétrica, sólidos totais dissolvidos e pH. Vinte e seis espécies de moluscos foram encontrados: Antillorbis nordestensis, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila, B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense e Limnoperna fortunei. A análise de agrupamento das espécies com base em sua ocorrência em diferentes condições ecológicas revelou dois grupos principais de espécies. A Análise de Correspondência Canônica sugere que a distribuição das espécies é relacionada com a condição físico-química da água. No eixo dois do diagrama de ordenação apresentado, há cerca de 96% de correlação entre as espécies e as variáveis ambientais. O oxigênio dissolvido, a condutividade, a temperatura da água e pH apresentaram as maiores oscilações durante o período de amostragem. A riqueza de espécies (S) apresentou relações principalmente com a temperatura da água e a condutividade. A biodiversidade de gastrópodes e bivalves da Ilha Martín García é de 26 espécies. Entre os Gastropoda, a família Planorbidae exibe a contribuição mais importante. O Lithogliphidae P. agapetus. (26,28%) e P. buschii (9,50%) apresentaram as maiores frequências relativas de ocorrência dentro dos ambientes costeiros, enquanto o Planorbidae D. cimex (23,83%) e D. kermatoides (11,59%) também apresentaram frequências expressivas nas lagunas interiores. Abstract in english The Island of Martin Garcia is located in the Upper Río de la Plata, to the south of mouth the Uruguay River. The aim of the present study was to analyse the biodiversity of the island freshwater mollusks and their relationships to environmental variables. Twelve sampling sites were selected, five were along the littoral section of the island and seven were Inland ponds. Seven major environmental variables were measured: water and air temperature, percentage of oxygen sa (more) turation, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH. Twenty-seven mollusk species were found, Antillorbis nordestensis, Biomphalaria tenagophila tenagophila , B. t. guaibensis, B. straminea, B. peregrina, Drepanotrema kermatoides, D. cimex, D. depressissimum, Chilina fluminea, C. rushii, C. megastoma, Uncancylus concentricus, Hebetancylus moricandi, Stenophysa marmorata, Heleobia piscium, H. parchappii, Potamolithus agapetus, P. buschii, P. lapidum, Pomacea canaliculata, P. megastoma, Asolene platae, Corbicula fluminea, Eupera platensis, Pisidium sterkianum, P. taraguyense and Limnoperna fortunei. UPGMA clustering of species based on their occurrence in different ecological conditions revealed two main species groups. The Canonical Correspondence Analysis suggests that the species distribution is related to the physico-chemical condition of water. Axis two of the ordination diagram displayed the approximately 95.6% of the correlation between species and environmental variables. Dissolved oxygen, conductivity, water temperature and pH showed the highest fluctuations during the sampling period. The species richness (S) showed relationships mainly with water temperature and conductivity. The biodiversity of the gastropods an

César, II; Martín, SM; Rumi, A; Tassara, M

2012-02-01

203

Phylogenetic analysis of Thecosomata Blainville, 1824 (holoplanktonic opisthobranchia) using morphological and molecular data.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Thecosomata is a marine zooplankton group, which played an important role in the carbonate cycle in oceans due to their shell composition. So far, there is important discrepancy between the previous morphological-based taxonomies, and subsequently the evolutionary history of Thecosomata. In this study, the remarkable planktonic sampling of TARA Oceans expedition associated with a set of various other missions allowed us to assess the phylogenetic relationships of Thecosomata using morphological and molecular data (28 S and COI genes). The two gene trees showed incongruities (e.g. Hyalocylis, Cavolinia), and high congruence between morphological and 28S trees (e.g. monophyly of Euthecosomata). The monophyly of straight shell species led us to reviving the Orthoconcha, and the split of Limacinidae led us to the revival of Embolus inflata replacing Limacina inflata. The results also jeopardized the Euthecosomata families that are based on plesiomorphic character state as in the case for Creseidae which was not a monophyletic group. Divergence times were also estimated, and suggested that the evolutionary history of Thecosomata was characterized by four major diversifying events. By bringing the knowledge of palaeontology, we propose a new evolutionary scenario for which macro-evolution implying morphological innovations were rhythmed by climatic changes and associated species turn-over that spread from the Eocene to Miocene, and were shaped principally by predation and shell buoyancy.

Corse E; Rampal J; Cuoc C; Pech N; Perez Y; Gilles A

2013-01-01

204

Photosynthetic activity of the solar-powered lagoon mollusc Elysia timida (Risso, 1818) (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa)  

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The sacoglossan Elysia timida (Risso, 1818) is typical of shallow sea areas and coastal lagoons. It retains symbiotic functional chloroplasts derived from its algal food Acetabularia acetabulum (Linnaeus) for 45 days. However, some aspects of the photosynthetic behaviour of the mollusc-chloroplast a...

Giménez Casalduero, Francisca; Muniain, Claudia

205

Macrofauna associated with galleries of Neoteredo reynei (Bartsch, 1920) (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in Rhizophora mangle Linnaeus trunks during less rainy season in mangrove of São Caetano de Odivelas, Pará (North Coast of Brazil)  

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Full Text Available This study aims to characterize the benthic macrofauna associated with galleries made by Neoteredo reynei in Rhizophora mangle mangroves of the river Mojuim estuary (São Caetano de Odivelas, Pará). Samples were taken during the less rainy period of 2004 (June, July and August) at three sites in the intertidal zone. At every occasion a log of R. mangle in the initial stages of decomposition was removed from each area. During the biological sampling air temperature, pH, salinity and temperature of the water were recorded. Neoteredo reynei was the only Teredinidae (boring mussel) species observed. The macrofauna was composed of 452 individuals, distributed over 31 taxa belonging to the phyla Nemertea (one tax), Mollusca (three taxa), Annelida (six taxa) and Arthropoda (21 taxa). The recorded fauna was typically estuarine, whit the exception of some terrestrial groups. Abundance, richness, diversity and uniformity increased in the course of the dry season, probably reflecting the observed increase of water salinity. The high diversity of the macrofauna recorded in this study reinforces the importance of teredo galleries as a habitat for estuarine organisms and consequently for the functioning of the mangrove ecosystem.

Daiane Aviz; Clara Ferreira de Mello; Patrícia Fernandes da Silva

2009-01-01

206

Perfil de lípidos y ácidos grasos de Perna viridis, mejillón verde (Mollusca: Bivalvia) en el oriente venezolano y la costa oeste de Trinidad  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los lípidos totales fueron extraídos, identificados y cuantificados por gravimetría, mediante TLC/FID (sistema Iatroscan). Los ácidos grasos de los lípidos totales, fosfolípidos y triacilgliceroles fueron identificados y cuantificados por cromatografía de gases. Las mayores concentraciones de lípidos totales se presentaron en las muestras de Los Cedros, La Brea y Chaguaramas con valores de 7.92, 7.74 y 7.53%; respectivamente y los valores mínimos en las de La Res (more) tinga (6.08%). En la composición lípidica, las muestras de Chacopata presentaron la menor concentración de fosfolípidos (48.86%) y los máximos valores de colesterol (38.87%) y triacilgliceroles (12.26%), y las muestras de La Esmeralda y Río Caribe exhibieron concentraciones máximas de fosfolípidos (88.71-84.93%, respectivamente) y mínimas de colesterol (6.50-4.42%). En los lípidos totales, los ácidos grasos saturados se encontraron entre 15.04 y 65.55%, con máximos en muestras de La Esmeralda y mínimos en Chacopata y los poliinsaturados estuvieron entre 7.80 y 37.18%, con máximos valores en la Brea y mínimos en la Esmeralda. En los fosfolípidos, la concentración de ácidos grasos saturados estuvo entre 38.81 y 48.68% para las muestras de Chaguaramas y Chacopata, respectivamente; los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados se encontraron entre no detectado y 34.51%, con altas concentraciones en muestras de Los Cedros (27.97%) y Chaguaramas (34.51%). En los triacilgliceroles, la composición de ácidos grasos saturados variaron entre 14.27 y 53.80%, con baja concentración en Chacopata y alta concentración en La Restinga; los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados estuvieron entre 4.66 y 35.55%, con valores menores en las muestras de Chacopata (4.66%) y mayores en Chaguaramas. El consumo frecuente de Perna viridis es recomendable, debido a su alto contenido de fosfolípidos y ácidos grasos insaturados. Abstract in english Lipid and fatty acid profile of Perna viridis, Green Mussel (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in different areas of the Eastern Venezuela and the West coast of Trinidad. The species Perna viridis is a highly consumed species, which fast growth makes it an interesting aquaculture alternative for Venezuelan and Trinidad coasts. With the aim to contribute with its nutritional value information, this study analyzed lipid and fatty acid contents from samples taken in five locations from Ea (more) stern Venezuela and three from Trinidad West Coast. Total lipids were extracted and quantified, from a pooled sample of 100 organisms per location, by standard gravimetric methods, and their identification and quantification was done by TLC/FID (Iatroscan system). Furthermore, the esterified fatty acids of total lipid, phospholipids and triacylglycerols were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Eastern Venezuela samples from Los Cedros, La Brea and Chaguaramas showed the highest total lipid values of 7.92, 7.74 and 7.53, respectively, and the minimum values were obtained for La Restinga (6.08%). Among lipid composition, Chacopata samples showed the lowest phospholipid concentration (48.86%) and the maximum values for cholesterol (38.87%) and triacylglycerols (12.26%); besides, La Esmeralda and Rio Caribe samples exhibited maximum phospholipids (88.71 and 84.93 respectively) and minimum cholesterol (6.50 and 4.42%) concentrations. Saturated fatty acids represented between 15.04% and 65.55% within total lipid extracts, with maximum and minimum values for La Esmeralda and Chacopata, respectively. Polyunsaturated results resulted between 7.80 and 37.18%, with higher values in La Brea and lower values in La Esmeralda. For phospholipids, saturated fatty acids concentrations varied between 38.81 and 48.68% for Chaguaramas and Chacopata samples, respectively. In the case of polyunsaturated fatty acids, these varied between non detected and 34.51%, with high concentrations in Los Cedros (27.97%) and Chaguaramas (34.51%) samples. For the triacylglycerols, the saturated fatty acids composition oscillated between 1

Koftayan, Tamar; Milano, Jahiro; D´Armas, Haydelba; Salazar, Gabriel

2011-03-01

207

Perfil de lípidos y ácidos grasos de Perna viridis, mejillón verde (Mollusca: Bivalvia) en el oriente venezolano y la costa oeste de Trinidad  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los lípidos totales fueron extraídos, identificados y cuantificados por gravimetría, mediante TLC/FID (sistema Iatroscan). Los ácidos grasos de los lípidos totales, fosfolípidos y triacilgliceroles fueron identificados y cuantificados por cromatografía de gases. Las mayores concentraciones de lípidos totales se presentaron en las muestras de Los Cedros, La Brea y Chaguaramas con valores de 7.92, 7.74 y 7.53%; respectivamente y los valores mínimos en las de La Restinga (6.08%). En la composición lípidica, las muestras de Chacopata presentaron la menor concentración de fosfolípidos (48.86%) y los máximos valores de colesterol (38.87%) y triacilgliceroles (12.26%), y las muestras de La Esmeralda y Río Caribe exhibieron concentraciones máximas de fosfolípidos (88.71-84.93%, respectivamente) y mínimas de colesterol (6.50-4.42%). En los lípidos totales, los ácidos grasos saturados se encontraron entre 15.04 y 65.55%, con máximos en muestras de La Esmeralda y mínimos en Chacopata y los poliinsaturados estuvieron entre 7.80 y 37.18%, con máximos valores en la Brea y mínimos en la Esmeralda. En los fosfolípidos, la concentración de ácidos grasos saturados estuvo entre 38.81 y 48.68% para las muestras de Chaguaramas y Chacopata, respectivamente; los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados se encontraron entre no detectado y 34.51%, con altas concentraciones en muestras de Los Cedros (27.97%) y Chaguaramas (34.51%). En los triacilgliceroles, la composición de ácidos grasos saturados variaron entre 14.27 y 53.80%, con baja concentración en Chacopata y alta concentración en La Restinga; los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados estuvieron entre 4.66 y 35.55%, con valores menores en las muestras de Chacopata (4.66%) y mayores en Chaguaramas. El consumo frecuente de Perna viridis es recomendable, debido a su alto contenido de fosfolípidos y ácidos grasos insaturados.Lipid and fatty acid profile of Perna viridis, Green Mussel (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in different areas of the Eastern Venezuela and the West coast of Trinidad. The species Perna viridis is a highly consumed species, which fast growth makes it an interesting aquaculture alternative for Venezuelan and Trinidad coasts. With the aim to contribute with its nutritional value information, this study analyzed lipid and fatty acid contents from samples taken in five locations from Eastern Venezuela and three from Trinidad West Coast. Total lipids were extracted and quantified, from a pooled sample of 100 organisms per location, by standard gravimetric methods, and their identification and quantification was done by TLC/FID (Iatroscan system). Furthermore, the esterified fatty acids of total lipid, phospholipids and triacylglycerols were identified and quantified by gas chromatography. Eastern Venezuela samples from Los Cedros, La Brea and Chaguaramas showed the highest total lipid values of 7.92, 7.74 and 7.53, respectively, and the minimum values were obtained for La Restinga (6.08%). Among lipid composition, Chacopata samples showed the lowest phospholipid concentration (48.86%) and the maximum values for cholesterol (38.87%) and triacylglycerols (12.26%); besides, La Esmeralda and Rio Caribe samples exhibited maximum phospholipids (88.71 and 84.93 respectively) and minimum cholesterol (6.50 and 4.42%) concentrations. Saturated fatty acids represented between 15.04% and 65.55% within total lipid extracts, with maximum and minimum values for La Esmeralda and Chacopata, respectively. Polyunsaturated results resulted between 7.80 and 37.18%, with higher values in La Brea and lower values in La Esmeralda. For phospholipids, saturated fatty acids concentrations varied between 38.81 and 48.68% for Chaguaramas and Chacopata samples, respectively. In the case of polyunsaturated fatty acids, these varied between non detected and 34.51%, with high concentrations in Los Cedros (27.97%) and Chaguaramas (34.51%) samples. For the triacylglycerols, the saturated fatty acids composition oscillated between 14.27 and 53.80% with low concentrations for Chacopata and

Tamar Koftayan; Jahiro Milano; Haydelba D´Armas; Gabriel Salazar

2011-01-01

208

INVERTEBRATE FERRITIN: OCCURRENCE IN MOLLUSCA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Ferritin, in both crystalline and paracrystalline forms, occurs in the columnar epithelial cells of the dorsal wall of the radula of the marine chiton Cryptochiton stelleri, order, Polyplacophora. The ferritin occurs in association with the magnetite of the radular teeth. It has been isolated and crystallized in the presence of cadmium sulfate.

TOWE KM; LOWENSTAM HA; NESSON MH

1963-10-01

209

Intragenomic sequence variation at the ITS1 - ITS2 region and at the 18S and 28S nuclear ribosomal DNA genes of the New Zealand mud snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Hydrobiidae: mollusca)  

Science.gov (United States)

Molecular genetic analysis was conducted on two populations of the invasive non-native New Zealand mud snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum), one from a freshwater ecosystem in Devil's Lake (Oregon, USA) and the other from an ecosystem of higher salinity in the Columbia River estuary (Hammond Harbor, Oregon, USA). To elucidate potential genetic differences between the two populations, three segments of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA), the ITS1-ITS2 regions and the 18S and 28S rDNA genes were cloned and sequenced. Variant sequences within each individual were found in all three rDNA segments. Folding models were utilized for secondary structure analysis and results indicated that there were many sequences which contained structure-altering polymorphisms, which suggests they could be nonfunctional pseudogenes. In addition, analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) was used for hierarchical analysis of genetic variance to estimate variation within and among populations and within individuals. AMOVA revealed significant variation in the ITS region between the populations and among clones within individuals, while in the 5.8S rDNA significant variation was revealed among individuals within the two populations. High levels of intragenomic variation were found in the ITS regions, which are known to be highly variable in many organisms. More interestingly, intragenomic variation was also found in the 18S and 28S rDNA, which has rarely been observed in animals and is so far unreported in Mollusca. We postulate that in these P. antipodarum populations the effects of concerted evolution are diminished due to the fact that not all of the rDNA genes in their polyploid genome should be essential for sustaining cellular function. This could lead to a lessening of selection pressures, allowing mutations to accumulate in some copies, changing them into variant sequences.

Hoy, Marshal S.; Rodriguez, Rusty J.

2013-01-01

210

TOXICITY TESTS WITH EMBRYOS OF MUSSEL Perna perna: EVALUATION OF SPAWNING AND SENSIBILITY TESTES DE TOXICIDADE COM EMBRIÕES DE Perna perna (LINNAEUS, 1758) (MOLLUSCA: MYTILIDAE): AVALIAÇÕES DE INDUÇÃO E SENSIBILIDADE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this paper was to set up guidelines to standartize the procedure of developing embrio-larval toxicity tests using the native Brazilian mussel Perna perna (Mollusca: Mytilidae). In vitro spawning tests were carried out using adult organisms in order to obtain healthy gametes. Embryos development response caused by variation of temperature, salinity and incubation time was investigated in order to determine the end point and ideal parameter settings to develop toxicity assays. Different data sets treatments were carried out using the reference chemical Dodecyl Sodium Sulfate (DSS) in acute (Effective Concentration – EC50) and chronic (No-Observed- Effect Concentration – NOEC) tests. The EC50 for DSS ranged from 0,45 (20 °C/48 h) to 1,88 mg/l (25 °C/24 h), while NOEC values ranged from 0,185 mg/l (20 °C/48 h) to 0,75 mg/l (25 °C/24 h). Comparing the Perna perna embrios response with those from other test organisms, it was observed that this species exhibited a high sensibility, where a more accurate response were found in chronic treatments. O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi realizar experimentos que fornecessem uma base para elaboração de técnicas adequadas ao desenvolvimento de testes de toxicidade embriolarvais com o mexilhão nativo Perna perna. Assim organismos adultos foram investigados quanto a técnica mais apropriada e eficaz para liberação de gametas e que resultasse em gametas de boa qualidade. Os embriões foram submetidos a variações de temperatura, salinidade e tempo de incubação, determinando o fim de teste (“endpoint”) e os parâmetros ideais para a realização dos testes de toxicidade. Foi executado baterias de testes utilizando a substância de referência Dodecil Sulfato de Sódio (DSS), com tratamento dos dados para a estimação da Concentração de Efetiva (CE50 – aguda) e Concentração de Efeito Não Observado (CENO – crônico). Os valores de CE50 para o DSS oscilaram entre 0,45 (20 °C/48 h) e 1,88 mg/l (25 °C/24 h) e o CENO de 0,185 mg/ l (20 °C/48 h) a 0,75 mg/l (25 °C/24 h). Comparando-se os valores obtidos com os resultados encontrados para outros organismos testes, utilizando a mesma substância de referência, constatou- se que embriões de Perna perna apresentam uma alta sensibilidade, onde os tratamentos crônicos resultam em valores de efeito mais reprodutíveis.

R. W. REIS Fo.; C. RESGALLA Jr.

2002-01-01

211

Ultrastructural studies of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) embryo  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Ultrastructural studies of Biomphalaria glabrata embryos (MOllusca: Gastropoda), and important snail vector of schistosomiasis has not been explored. In the present work it was evaluated a suitable electron microscopical technique for embryos processing. Promising results was obtained with double fixation in 1% glutaraldehyde plus 1% osmium tetroxide in 0.05 M cacodylate buffer (pH 7.4), preliminary staining overnight in 1% uranyl acetate and embedding in EPON or Polylite under vacuum. It was used embryos at young trochophore stage wich is characterized by active organogenesis. Some ultrastructural aspects of B. glabrata embryos cells are presented. (author).

1988-01-01

212

Evaluation of the levels of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca Bivalvia) collected in the coast of Sao Paulo state, Brazil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The coastal environment has been heavily altered by multiple environmental impacts of human activities, such as disposal of sewage from urban areas, the release of numerous chemical industries, agriculture and the flow of vessels, which can lead to accidental spills of oil and oil products, fuels and other products transported by sea. In this context, a means of determining concentrations of these potentially toxic substances in the sea water is the biomonitoring by means of different types of bivalves, which have been used by various researchers, in Brazil and other countries. With regard to bivalve mollusks, particularly mussels, their use in monitoring the marine contamination is mainly due to their wide geographic distribution, sessile habit and ability to concentrate toxic metals to 102-105 times in relation to the concentrations detected in water. In the present study, we employed the passive biomonitoring using the Perna perna bivalve mollusk with respect to the elements Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V. These elements were chosen since they can be determined by INAA method (Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis), by means of short irradiation which provides faster analyzes and also due to their importance from the standpoint of environmental or nutritional studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and V in samples of Perna perna mussels (Linnaeus, 1758: Mollusca, Bivalvia) collected in coastal regions of São Paulo subject to anthropogenic contamination (Ponta de Itaipu and Palmas Island, in Santos), comparing the values obtained in sites potentially impacted with the values of the control site in Praia da Cocanha, in Caraguatatuba. The collection points located in São Paulo coast are located in the geographical areas 23º 37'S - 45° 24' W (Caraguatatuba) and 23º 57'S - 46º 20' W (Santos). The collection of organisms was performed in all seasons of the year, beginning in spring 2008 and ending in winter 2009. The samples were cleaned, crushed, homogenized and dried by lyophilization for further analysis by INAA. The INAA procedure consisted of irradiating aliquots of the samples obtained in powder form in polyethylene envelopes in the nuclear research reactor IEA - R1 of IPEN / CNEN - SP together with synthetic standards of elements. The irradiation time in the reactor was 8 to 10 s under the thermal neutron flux of 6.6 x 1012 n cm-2 s-1. The concentrations of the elements were calculated using the comparative method. The INAA procedure was validated with respect to accuracy and precision, through the analysis of certified reference materials NIST SRM 1566b Oyster Tissue and NIST SRM 2876 Mussel Tissue. The results of these certified reference materials indicated good quality of results with respect to precision and accuracy. The ranges of concentrations (dry basis weight) of the elements obtained in mussels collected in Santos and Praia da Cocanha for the four seasons of the year were: 173.80 to 358.99 mg kg-1 for Br; 45658 ± 1811 to 109166 ± 824 mg kg-1 for Cl; 7043 ± 856 to 12506 ± 675 mg kg-1 for K; 2774 ± 211 to 5691 ± 717 mg kg-1 for Mg; 7.01 ± 0.30 to 29.74 ± 3.32 mg kg-1 for Mn and 0.77 ± 0.02 to 3.43 ± 0.28 mg kg-1 for V. The seasonal and spatial variations of the concentrations of these elements were studied and the values compared to the literature. From the results obtained it can be concluded that the species of Perna perna mussels, can be used as biomonitors of marine contamination. (author)

2012-01-01

213

Bulimulidae (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) do nordeste do Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Results from studies with Bulimulidae from Northeast Brazil, with special reference to the State of Pernambuco, are presented. About 14 spp., of Bulimulidae s.s. were collected and represent one of the most diversified families of land snails in this area. From these, Drymaeus rufolineatus (Droüet, 1859) and Simpulopsis corrugata, Guppy, 1866, were recorded for the first time in Northeast Brazil and a new subspecies Drymaeus b. goianensis is described. Data of geografic distribution, ecology and shell morphology for each species are given.

Dutra-Clarke, A.V.C.; Souza, F.B.V.A. de

1990-01-01

214

Bulimulidae (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) do nordeste do Brasil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Results from studies with Bulimulidae from Northeast Brazil, with special reference to the State of Pernambuco, are presented. About 14 spp., of Bulimulidae s.s. were collected and represent one of the most diversified families of land snails in this area. From these, Drymaeus rufolineatus (Droüet, 1859) and Simpulopsis corrugata, Guppy, 1866, were recorded for the first time in Northeast Brazil and a new subspecies Drymaeus b. goianensis is described. Data of geografic distribution, ecology and shell morphology for each species are given.

A.V.C. Dutra-Clarke; F.B.V.A. de Souza

1990-01-01

215

Phylogenomics reveals deep molluscan relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evolutionary relationships among the eight major lineages of Mollusca have remained unresolved despite their diversity and importance. Previous investigations of molluscan phylogeny, based primarily on nuclear ribosomal gene sequences or morphological data, have been unsuccessful at elucidating these relationships. Recently, phylogenomic studies using dozens to hundreds of genes have greatly improved our understanding of deep animal relationships. However, limited genomic resources spanning molluscan diversity has prevented use of a phylogenomic approach. Here we use transcriptome and genome data from all major lineages (except Monoplacophora) and recover a well-supported topology for Mollusca. Our results strongly support the Aculifera hypothesis placing Polyplacophora (chitons) in a clade with a monophyletic Aplacophora (worm-like molluscs). Additionally, within Conchifera, a sister-taxon relationship between Gastropoda and Bivalvia is supported. This grouping has received little consideration and contains most (>95%) molluscan species. Thus we propose the node-based name Pleistomollusca. In light of these results, we examined the evolution of morphological characters and found support for advanced cephalization and shells as possibly having multiple origins within Mollusca. PMID:21892190

Kocot, Kevin M; Cannon, Johanna T; Todt, Christiane; Citarella, Mathew R; Kohn, Andrea B; Meyer, Achim; Santos, Scott R; Schander, Christoffer; Moroz, Leonid L; Lieb, Bernhard; Halanych, Kenneth M

2011-09-04

216

Phylogenomics reveals deep molluscan relationships.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Evolutionary relationships among the eight major lineages of Mollusca have remained unresolved despite their diversity and importance. Previous investigations of molluscan phylogeny, based primarily on nuclear ribosomal gene sequences or morphological data, have been unsuccessful at elucidating these relationships. Recently, phylogenomic studies using dozens to hundreds of genes have greatly improved our understanding of deep animal relationships. However, limited genomic resources spanning molluscan diversity has prevented use of a phylogenomic approach. Here we use transcriptome and genome data from all major lineages (except Monoplacophora) and recover a well-supported topology for Mollusca. Our results strongly support the Aculifera hypothesis placing Polyplacophora (chitons) in a clade with a monophyletic Aplacophora (worm-like molluscs). Additionally, within Conchifera, a sister-taxon relationship between Gastropoda and Bivalvia is supported. This grouping has received little consideration and contains most (>95%) molluscan species. Thus we propose the node-based name Pleistomollusca. In light of these results, we examined the evolution of morphological characters and found support for advanced cephalization and shells as possibly having multiple origins within Mollusca.

Kocot KM; Cannon JT; Todt C; Citarella MR; Kohn AB; Meyer A; Santos SR; Schander C; Moroz LL; Lieb B; Halanych KM

2011-09-01

217

Resolving the evolutionary relationships of molluscs with phylogenomic tools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Molluscs (snails, octopuses, clams and their relatives) have a great disparity of body plans and, among the animals, only arthropods surpass them in species number. This diversity has made Mollusca one of the best-studied groups of animals, yet their evolutionary relationships remain poorly resolved. Open questions have important implications for the origin of Mollusca and for morphological evolution within the group. These questions include whether the shell-less, vermiform aplacophoran molluscs diverged before the origin of the shelled molluscs (Conchifera) or lost their shells secondarily. Monoplacophorans were not included in molecular studies until recently, when it was proposed that they constitute a clade named Serialia together with Polyplacophora (chitons), reflecting the serial repetition of body organs in both groups. Attempts to understand the early evolution of molluscs become even more complex when considering the large diversity of Cambrian fossils. These can have multiple dorsal shell plates and sclerites or can be shell-less but with a typical molluscan radula and serially repeated gills. To better resolve the relationships among molluscs, we generated transcriptome data for 15 species that, in combination with existing data, represent for the first time all major molluscan groups. We analysed multiple data sets containing up to 216,402 sites and 1,185 gene regions using multiple models and methods. Our results support the clade Aculifera, containing the three molluscan groups with spicules but without true shells, and they support the monophyly of Conchifera. Monoplacophora is not the sister group to other Conchifera but to Cephalopoda. Strong support is found for a clade that comprises Scaphopoda (tusk shells), Gastropoda and Bivalvia, with most analyses placing Scaphopoda and Gastropoda as sister groups. This well-resolved tree will constitute a framework for further studies of mollusc evolution, development and anatomy. PMID:22031330

Smith, Stephen A; Wilson, Nerida G; Goetz, Freya E; Feehery, Caitlin; Andrade, Sónia C S; Rouse, Greg W; Giribet, Gonzalo; Dunn, Casey W

2011-10-26

218

Resolving the evolutionary relationships of molluscs with phylogenomic tools.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Molluscs (snails, octopuses, clams and their relatives) have a great disparity of body plans and, among the animals, only arthropods surpass them in species number. This diversity has made Mollusca one of the best-studied groups of animals, yet their evolutionary relationships remain poorly resolved. Open questions have important implications for the origin of Mollusca and for morphological evolution within the group. These questions include whether the shell-less, vermiform aplacophoran molluscs diverged before the origin of the shelled molluscs (Conchifera) or lost their shells secondarily. Monoplacophorans were not included in molecular studies until recently, when it was proposed that they constitute a clade named Serialia together with Polyplacophora (chitons), reflecting the serial repetition of body organs in both groups. Attempts to understand the early evolution of molluscs become even more complex when considering the large diversity of Cambrian fossils. These can have multiple dorsal shell plates and sclerites or can be shell-less but with a typical molluscan radula and serially repeated gills. To better resolve the relationships among molluscs, we generated transcriptome data for 15 species that, in combination with existing data, represent for the first time all major molluscan groups. We analysed multiple data sets containing up to 216,402 sites and 1,185 gene regions using multiple models and methods. Our results support the clade Aculifera, containing the three molluscan groups with spicules but without true shells, and they support the monophyly of Conchifera. Monoplacophora is not the sister group to other Conchifera but to Cephalopoda. Strong support is found for a clade that comprises Scaphopoda (tusk shells), Gastropoda and Bivalvia, with most analyses placing Scaphopoda and Gastropoda as sister groups. This well-resolved tree will constitute a framework for further studies of mollusc evolution, development and anatomy.

Smith SA; Wilson NG; Goetz FE; Feehery C; Andrade SC; Rouse GW; Giribet G; Dunn CW

2011-12-01

219

What remains after 2 months of starvation? Analysis of sequestered algae in a photosynthetic slug, Plakobranchus ocellatus (Sacoglossa, Opisthobranchia), by barcoding.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The sacoglossan sea slug, Plakobranchus ocellatus, is a so-called long-term retention form that incorporates chloroplasts for several months and thus is able to starve while maintaining photosynthetic activity. Little is known regarding the taxonomy and food sources of this sacoglossan, but it is suggested that P. ocellatus is a species complex and feeds on a broad variety of Ulvophyceae. In particular, we analysed specimens from the Philippines and starved them under various light conditions (high light, low light and darkness) and identified the species of algal food sources depending on starvation time and light treatment by means of DNA-barcoding using for the first time the combination of two algal chloroplast markers, rbcL and tufA. Comparison of available CO1 and 16S sequences of specimens from various localities indicate a species complex with likely four distinct clades, but food analyses do not indicate an ecological separation of the investigated clades into differing foraging strategies. The combined results from both algal markers suggest that, in general, P. ocellatus has a broad food spectrum, including members of the genera Halimeda, Caulerpa, Udotea, Acetabularia and further unidentified algae, with an emphasis on H. macroloba. Independent of the duration of starvation and light exposure, this algal species and a further unidentified Halimeda species seem to be the main food source of P. ocellatus from the Philippines. It is shown here that at least two (or possibly three) barcode markers are required to cover the entire food spectrum in future analyses of Sacoglossa.

Christa G; Wescott L; Schäberle TF; König GM; Wägele H

2013-02-01

220

What remains after 2 months of starvation? Analysis of sequestered algae in a photosynthetic slug, Plakobranchus ocellatus (Sacoglossa, Opisthobranchia), by barcoding.  

Science.gov (United States)

The sacoglossan sea slug, Plakobranchus ocellatus, is a so-called long-term retention form that incorporates chloroplasts for several months and thus is able to starve while maintaining photosynthetic activity. Little is known regarding the taxonomy and food sources of this sacoglossan, but it is suggested that P. ocellatus is a species complex and feeds on a broad variety of Ulvophyceae. In particular, we analysed specimens from the Philippines and starved them under various light conditions (high light, low light and darkness) and identified the species of algal food sources depending on starvation time and light treatment by means of DNA-barcoding using for the first time the combination of two algal chloroplast markers, rbcL and tufA. Comparison of available CO1 and 16S sequences of specimens from various localities indicate a species complex with likely four distinct clades, but food analyses do not indicate an ecological separation of the investigated clades into differing foraging strategies. The combined results from both algal markers suggest that, in general, P. ocellatus has a broad food spectrum, including members of the genera Halimeda, Caulerpa, Udotea, Acetabularia and further unidentified algae, with an emphasis on H. macroloba. Independent of the duration of starvation and light exposure, this algal species and a further unidentified Halimeda species seem to be the main food source of P. ocellatus from the Philippines. It is shown here that at least two (or possibly three) barcode markers are required to cover the entire food spectrum in future analyses of Sacoglossa. PMID:23108662

Christa, Gregor; Wescott, Lily; Schäberle, Till F; König, Gabriele M; Wägele, Heike

2012-10-30

 
 
 
 
221

Mitochondrial DNA sequence and gene organization in the [corrected] Australian blacklip [corrected] abalone Haliotis rubra (leach).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The complete mitochondrial DNA of the blacklip abalone Haliotis rubra (Gastropoda: Mollusca) was cloned and 16,907 base pairs were sequenced. The sequence represents an estimated 99.85% of the mitochondrial genome, and contains 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA, and 13 protein-coding genes found in other metazoan mtDNA. An AT tandem repeat and a possible C-rich domain within the putative control region could not be fully sequenced. The H. rubra mtDNA gene order is novel for mollusks, separated from the black chiton Katharina tunicata by the individual translocations of 3 tRNAs. Compared with other mtDNA regions, sequences from the ATP8, NAD2, NAD4L, NAD6, and 12S rRNA genes, as well as the control region, are the most variable among representatives from Mollusca, Arthropoda, and Rhynchonelliformea, with similar mtDNA arrangements to H. rubra. These sequences are being evaluated as genetic markers within commercially important Haliotis species, and some applications and considerations for their use are discussed.

Maynard BT; Kerr LJ; McKiernan JM; Jansen ES; Hanna PJ

2005-11-01

222

Mitochondrial DNA sequence and gene organization in the [corrected] Australian blacklip [corrected] abalone Haliotis rubra (leach).  

Science.gov (United States)

The complete mitochondrial DNA of the blacklip abalone Haliotis rubra (Gastropoda: Mollusca) was cloned and 16,907 base pairs were sequenced. The sequence represents an estimated 99.85% of the mitochondrial genome, and contains 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA, and 13 protein-coding genes found in other metazoan mtDNA. An AT tandem repeat and a possible C-rich domain within the putative control region could not be fully sequenced. The H. rubra mtDNA gene order is novel for mollusks, separated from the black chiton Katharina tunicata by the individual translocations of 3 tRNAs. Compared with other mtDNA regions, sequences from the ATP8, NAD2, NAD4L, NAD6, and 12S rRNA genes, as well as the control region, are the most variable among representatives from Mollusca, Arthropoda, and Rhynchonelliformea, with similar mtDNA arrangements to H. rubra. These sequences are being evaluated as genetic markers within commercially important Haliotis species, and some applications and considerations for their use are discussed. PMID:16206015

Maynard, Ben T; Kerr, Lyndal J; McKiernan, Joanne M; Jansen, Eliza S; Hanna, Peter J

2005-09-28

223

Improving the efficiency of wild Pecten maximus spat collection: potential effects of spat bag design and of species temporarily settling in spat bags.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The single and combined effects of external bag size and external bag mesh size upon the collection and retention of wild King Scallop spat (Pecten maximus L.), other scallop species (Aequipecten opercularis) and other animal groups were investigated in a collection area off the west coast of Scotland. Collection was assessed after 5 weeks and at harvest (after 20 weeks). After 5 weeks, 90% of collected animals consisted of scallops (P. maximus and A. opercularis), Mytilus edulis (Mollusca: Bivalvia) and Lacuna vincta (Mollusca: Gastropoda). One-way analysis of variance on count data obtained after 5 weeks showed that the larger bag and mesh size treatments had collected significantly greater numbers of scallop spat when numbers collected were compared to the quantity of material used for each treatment (P < 0.05). This was partly attributed to significantly greater numbers of L. vincta crawling juveniles temporarily recruiting in the smaller bag and mesh treatments (P < 0.05). Similar trends of spat abundance in treatment bags were observed at harvest, although all treatments had scallop spat retention efficiencies of less than 12%. The importance of the structural design of spat bags for spat collection and the effects of incidentally collected non-predatoty species upon the collection of scallop spat are discussed.

Cashmore D; Learmouth MM; MacMillan JT

1998-01-01

224

Radular ultrastructure of South American Ampullariidae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia).  

Science.gov (United States)

The radula of five species of South American Ampullariidae was analysed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with the purpose of enlarging new studies on the systematic of this family. The studied species were Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) and Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). The central tooth shows different attributes which provide the means for generic determination; the analysis of the central tooth, the lateral and marginal ones by SEM adds further information for species differentiation. PMID:18278326

Martín, S M; Negrete, L H L

2007-11-01

225

Two new species of Terebra (Gastropoda, Conoidea) from Colombia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Two new species of the genus Terebra are described conchologically to the Atlantic coast of Colombia. The species are Terebra colombiensis and T. sterigmoides. They are differentiable mainly because of their sculpture, protoconch and spire angle. They are part of a group of Western Atlantic terebrids informally called "T. doellojuradoi complex" and differ from the Brazilian species in having well-developed pair of folds at columella. This character approaches the species described here to the Argentinean T. doellojuradoi.Duas novas espécies do gênero Terebra são descritas conquiliologicamente para a costa atlântica da Colômbia. As espécies são Terebra colombiensis e T. sterigmoides. Elas são diferenciáveis principalmente com base na escultura, protoconcha e ângulo da espira. Elas pertencem a um grupo de terebrídeos do Atlântico oeste informalmente chamado de "complexo T. doellojuradoi" e diferem das espécies brasileiras por ter um par de pregas bem desenvolvidas na columela. Este caráter aproxima as espécies descritas neste da argentina T. doellojuradoi.

Luiz Ricardo L. Simone; Adriana Gracia C.

2006-01-01

226

Phylogeny of the land snail family Clausiliidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Clausiliidae is one of the most speciose and best-studied families of land snails. The family contributes to land snail diversity on a global scale, with three main centres of diversity: (1) western Eurasia (six subfamilies recognized), (2) East Asia (two subfamilies recognized) and (3) the neotropics (one subfamily recognized i.e. Neniinae). Despite a wealth of shell-morphological and anatomical studies, a well-supported phylogeny is lacking for the family. To provide a phylogenetic framework and reevaluate morphological and biogeographic observations on the family, we compiled a dataset consisting of partial 28S rRNA, histone H3 and histone H4 nucleotide sequences covering all clausiliid subfamilies, and 23 out of 25 tribes. Our analyses (MrBayes, BEAST, PhyML) divide the family into seven highly supported clades, which were retrieved by at least two of the three markers used, and which are more or less geographically confined. Three of these clades coincide with subfamilies recognized in the current classification (Alopiinae, Garnieriinae, Laminiferinae). The monophyly of four of the remaining six hitherto accepted subfamilies is not supported, with the New World subfamily Neniinae divided across two clades. All shell-morphological characters used in classical clausiliid classification were homoplasious at the subfamily level, with the exception of the type of shell aperture formation. In contrast to previous interpretations, our results suggest that the so-called 'apostrophic' aperture found in the neotropical clausiliids, and in a European (Laminiferinae) and a SE Asian (Garnieriinae) subfamily, is in fact the plesiomorphic condition among extant Clausiliidae. The widespread and fragmented geographic distribution of this type of aperture may therefore be considered relictual. Based on an inferred Late Cretaceous or Early Cenozoic European origin of the clade of extant Clausiliidae, the ancestor(s) of the neotropical Clausiliidae must have colonized the New World after the Atlantic Ocean had opened. A taxonomic revision is proposed.

Uit de Weerd DR; Gittenberger E

2013-04-01

227

Neurosecretion in the basommatophoran snail Bulinus truncatus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The neurosecretory system of the freshwater snail Bulinus truncatus was investigated. With the Alcian blue-Alcian yellow (AB/AY) staining method at least 10 different types of neurosecretory cells (NSC) were distinguished in the ganglia of the central nervous system. The differences in staining properties of the NSC - with AB/AY the cells take on different shades of green and yellow - are borne out at the ultrastructural level: the NSC types contain different types of neurosecretory elementary granules. The neurosecretory system of B. truncatus is compared to that of Lymnaea stagnalis, the species which has received the most attention among the pulmonates. It appears from the comparison that the systems of both species show many similarities, although some differences are also apparent.

Boer HH; Roubos EW; van Dalen H; Groesbeek JR

1977-01-01

228

On the Monacha species of Lebanon (Gastropoda, Hygromiidae)  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract In this paper, all seven hitherto known species of the hygromiid genus Monacha from Lebanon are briefly characterised and illustrated, and distribution maps are supplied (Monacha (Monacha) syriaca (Ehrenberg, 1831), Monacha (Monacha) nummus (Ehrenberg, 1831), Monacha (Monacha) obstructa (L. Pfeiffer, 1842), Monacha (Monacha) crispulata (Mousson, 1861), Monacha (Monacha) solitudinis (Bourguignat, 1852), Monacha (Monacha) bari Forcart 1981, and Monacha (Monacha) cf. compingtae (Pallary, 1929)). One species, Monacha (Monacha) bari Forcart, 1981, is recorded for the country for the first time, and its relationship to Monacha (Monacha) compingtae (Pallary, 1929) is discussed. Based on recently collected specimens, the genital organs of a long time ignored species, Helix solitudinis Bourguignat, 1852 could be investigated. It is here re-described as a Monacha species endemic for Lebanon.

Neubert, Eike; Bariche, Michel

2013-01-01

229

Biomphalaria prona (Gastropoda: Planorbidae): a morphological and biochemical study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Two samples of Biomphalaria prona (Martens, 1873) from Lake Valencia (type locality) and seven from other Venezuelan localities were studied morphologically (shell and reproductive system) and biochemically (allozyme electrophoresis). In spite of marked differences in shell characters, all of them proved indistinguishable under the anatomic and biochemical criteria. So far B. prona has been considered an endemic species, restricted to Lake Valencia. It is now demonstrated (more) that the extralacustrine populations refered to Biomphalaria havanensis (Pfeiffer, 1839) by several authors correspond in shell characters to an extreme variant of B. prona from the Lake and really belong to the last*mentioned species. They may be regarded as the result of a process of directional selection favoring a shell phenotype other than those making up the modal class in the Lake.

Paraense, W. Lobato; Pointier, J. P.; Delay, B.; Pernot, A. F.; Incani, R. N.; Balzan, C.; Chrosciechowski, P.

1992-06-01

230

Radular ultrastructure of South American Ampullariidae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The radula of five species of South American Ampullariidae was analysed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with the purpose of enlarging new studies on the systematic of this family. The studied species were Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) and Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). The central tooth shows different attributes which provide the means for generic determination; the analysis of the central tooth, the lateral and marginal ones by SEM adds further information for species differentiation.

Martín SM; Negrete LH

2007-11-01

231

Introduction to Physidae (Gastropoda: Hygrophila); biogeography, classification, morphology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Physidae, a world-wide family of freshwater snails with about 80 species, are reclassified by progressive characters of the penial complex (the terminal male reproductive system): form and composition of penial sheath and preputium, proportions and structure of penis, presence or absence of penial stylet, site of pore of penial canal, and number and insertions of penial retractor muscles. Observation of these characters, many not recognized previously, has been possible only by the technique used in anesthetizing, fixing, and preserving. These progressive characters are the principal basis of 23 genera, four grades and four clades within the family. The two established subfamilies are divided into seven new tribes including 11 new genera, with diagnoses and lists of species referred to each. Proposed as new are: in Aplexinae, Austrinautini, with Austrinauta g.n. and Caribnautu harryi g.n., nom.nov.; Aplexini; Amecanautini with Amecanauta jaliscoensis g.n., sp.n., Mexinauta g.n., and Mayabina g.n., with M. petenensis, polita, sanctijohannis, tempisquensis spp.nn., Tropinauta sinusdulcensis g.n., sp.n.; and Stenophysini, with Stenophysa spathidophallus sp.n.; in Physinae, Haitiini, with Haitia moreleti sp.n.; Physini, with Laurentiphysa chippevarum g.n., sp.n., Physa mirollii nom.nou.; and Physellini, with Chiapaphysa g.n., and C. grijalvae, C. pacifica spp.nn., Utahphysa g.n., Archiphysa g.n., with A. ashmuni, A. sonomae spp.nn., Physella hemphilli sp.n., and Ultraphysella sinaloae g.n., sp.n. The simplest reproductive system is found in Austrinauta of the Aplexinae; its penial complex approaches that in the related family Lymnaeidae. Within Physinae a close approximation is found in Haitia. By these two genera the two subfamilies are drawn close together. Four grades of progressive complexity are recognized: (I) penial sheath entirely muscular; (II) penial sheath with both glandular and muscular tissue; (III) penis with penial stylet or other specialization of the tip of the penis; and (IV) pore of penial canal lateral rather than terminal as in the lower grades. In both subfamilies there are clades with glandular tissue in the penial sheath, a penial sheath subdivided into two parts, and tip of penis specialized in various ways. These clades are formalized as new tribes. Of 23 genera of Physidae, 17 occur in Pacific drainages of North and Central America, eight of these restricted to the region. Concentration of primitive genera along the Pacific coast from Mexico to Costa Rica conforms to previous observations that primitive pulmonate families are concentrated within, or along the continental margins of, the Pacific Ocean. An ancestral origin of Physidae along an ancient eastern Pacific coast is probable. From this region the several lineages have spread north, south and east in the Americas, and through Siberia to Europe. Although Physinae have fewer genera than Aplexinae (11 v. 12), they have more species (47 v. 34). Greater land area in the temperate zone has provided more opportunity for speciation of Physinae, in contrast to the generally tropical and warm-temperate range of Aplexinae. Furthermore, 10 species of Physinae are localized in individual lakes, whereas Aplexinae are not lake-dwellers. Both well-developed egg strings and capsular strings are found in the spawn of Sibirenauta elongatus. These structures have been known in Lymnaeidae, but not hitherto in Physidae; they are a link with some marine groups, such as Siphonariidae. Spiral color bands and white streaks in the shell of Mexinauta recall those in Lancidae (Lymnaeacea), whereas the radula of Physidae is like that of Chilinidae. Physidae thus show affinities to various basal stocks of aquatic pulmonates; no clear-cut sister-group can be recognized. Most species have a restricted range; out of 55 with sufficiently detailed information for analysis, 25 are limited to a single 1 degrees x 1 degrees quadrangle. Only a few species are widespread, on one or even two continents. Accordingly, more species of Physidae are threatened by habitat destruction tha

Taylor DW

2003-03-01

232

A review of the Veronicellidae from Mexico (Gastropoda: Soleolifera) Revisión de los Veronicellidae de México (Gastropoda: Soleolifera)  

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Full Text Available Information is presented regarding the species of the Family Veronicellidae in Mexico. Data were gathered from specimens deposited in the Colección Nacional de Moluscos (Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), from field trips, and from the literature. These slugs are distributed mainly in the central and southern regions of Mexico, although there are a few records from the northern part of the country. Five species in three genera have been recorded, namely: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia and S. plebeia. The occurrence of Leidyula floridana and Phyllocaulis gayi in Mexico needs confirmation. The Los Tuxtlas region, southern Veracruz, is a hotspot where veronicellid slugs have become a pest and farmers have stopped growing beans, switching to other crops as a measure to contain the pest.Se sintetiza la información conocida de los Veronicellidae de México. Los datos provienen de ejemplares depositados en la Colección Nacional de Moluscos, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, de salidas complementarias de trabajo al campo y recopilación de la literatura. Estas babosas se distribuyen principalmente en el centro y sur de México, aunque existen algunos registros en el norte del país. Se han registrado 3 géneros y 5 especies: Leidyula floridana, L. moreleti, Phyllocaulis gayi, Sarasinula dubia, y S. plebeia. Los registros en México de L. floridana y P. gayi deben confirmarse. En la región de Los Tuxtlas, al sur del estado de Veracruz, se localizó un foco donde las babosas Veronicellidae son plaga, los agricultores dejaron de sembrar frijol y cambiaron a otros cultivos para evitar la plaga.

Edna Naranjo-García; José Willibaldo Thomé; José Castillejo

2007-01-01

233

Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora) na América do Sul: sistemática e distribuição/ South American Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora): systematic and distribution  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The family Ancylidae is represented in South America by the genera: Gundlachia Pfeiffer, 1849, Ferrissia Walker, 1903, Burnupia Walker, 1912 and Laevapex Walker, 1903. The species are caracterized using the combination of shell features and radula by scanning electron microscope, shell muscle and mantle pigmentation. The conchometry is also presented, but it does not help to species identification. The distribution of G. crequi (Bavay, 1904), G. foncki (Philippi, 1866), G (more) . philippiana (Biese, 1948), G. obliqua (Broderip & Sowerby, 1832), G. moricandi (Orbigny, 1837), G. concentrica (Orbigny, 1835), G. radiata (Guilding, 1828), G bakeri Pilsbry, 1913, G ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962), F. gentilis Lanzer, 1991, B. ingae Lanzer, 1991, L. vazi Santos, 1989 and Laevapex sp. in the Neotropical region is based on the bibliography, examination of the material deposited in scientific institutions and in the author's collection.

Lanzer, Rosane

1996-01-01

234

Radular ultrastructure of South American Ampullariidae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) Ultra-estrutura radular dos Ampullariidae sul-americanos (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia)  

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Full Text Available The radula of five species of South American Ampullariidae was analysed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with the purpose of enlarging new studies on the systematic of this family. The studied species were Pomacea -canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) and Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). The central tooth shows different attributes which provide the means for generic determination; the analysis of the central tooth, the lateral and marginal ones by SEM adds further information for species differentiation.A rádula de cinco espécies sul-americanas de Ampullariidae é analisada ao microscópio eletrônico de varredura com objetivo de fornecer novos subsídios à sistemática desta família. As espécies estudadas são Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) e Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). O dente central apresenta novos subsídios à determinação genérica, o estudo ao microscópio eletrônico os dentes central, laterais e marginais acrescentam novos subsídios na determinação das espécies.

SM Martín; LHL Negrete

2007-01-01

235

Radular ultrastructure of South American Ampullariidae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia)/ Ultra-estrutura radular dos Ampullariidae sul-americanos (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A rádula de cinco espécies sul-americanas de Ampullariidae é analisada ao microscópio eletrônico de varredura com objetivo de fornecer novos subsídios à sistemática desta família. As espécies estudadas são Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) e Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). O dente central apresenta novos subsídios à determinação genérica, (more) o estudo ao microscópio eletrônico os dentes central, laterais e marginais acrescentam novos subsídios na determinação das espécies. Abstract in english The radula of five species of South American Ampullariidae was analysed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with the purpose of enlarging new studies on the systematic of this family. The studied species were Pomacea -canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822), Pomacea scalaris (d'Orbigny, 1835), Pomella (P.) megastoma (Gray, 1847), Asolene (A.) platae (Maton, 1809) and Felipponea neritiniformis (Dall, 1919). The central tooth shows different attributes which provide the means for ge (more) neric determination; the analysis of the central tooth, the lateral and marginal ones by SEM adds further information for species differentiation.

Martín, SM; Negrete, LHL

2007-11-01

236

Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora) na América do Sul: sistemática e distribuição South American Ancylidae (Gastropoda, Basommatophora): systematic and distribution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The family Ancylidae is represented in South America by the genera: Gundlachia Pfeiffer, 1849, Ferrissia Walker, 1903, Burnupia Walker, 1912 and Laevapex Walker, 1903. The species are caracterized using the combination of shell features and radula by scanning electron microscope, shell muscle and mantle pigmentation. The conchometry is also presented, but it does not help to species identification. The distribution of G. crequi (Bavay, 1904), G. foncki (Philippi, 1866), G. philippiana (Biese, 1948), G. obliqua (Broderip & Sowerby, 1832), G. moricandi (Orbigny, 1837), G. concentrica (Orbigny, 1835), G. radiata (Guilding, 1828), G bakeri Pilsbry, 1913, G ticaga (Marcus & Marcus, 1962), F. gentilis Lanzer, 1991, B. ingae Lanzer, 1991, L. vazi Santos, 1989 and Laevapex sp. in the Neotropical region is based on the bibliography, examination of the material deposited in scientific institutions and in the author's collection.

Rosane Lanzer

1996-01-01

237

Packaging and delivery of chemical weapons: a defensive trojan horse stratagem in chromodorid nudibranchs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Storage of secondary metabolites with a putative defensive role occurs in the so-called mantle dermal formations (MDFs) that are located in the more exposed parts of the body of most and very likely all members of an entire family of marine mollusks, the chromodorid nudibranchs (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Given that these structures usually lack a duct system, the mechanism for exudation of their contents remains unclear, as does their adaptive significance. One possible explanation could be that they are adapted so as to be preferentially attacked by predators. The nudibranchs might offer packages containing highly repugnant chemicals along with parts of their bodies to the predators, as a defensive variant of the strategic theme of the Trojan horse. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We detected, by quantitative (1)H-NMR, extremely high local concentrations of secondary metabolites in the MDFs of six species belonging to five chromodorid genera. The compounds were purified by chromatographic methods and subsequently evaluated for their feeding deterrent properties, obtaining dose-response curves. We found that only distasteful compounds are accumulated in the reservoirs at concentrations that far exceed the values corresponding to maximum deterrent activity in the feeding assays. Other basic evidence, both field and experimental, has been acquired to elucidate the kind of damage that the predators can produce on both the nudibranchs' mantles and the MDFs. SIGNIFICANCE: As a result of a long evolutionary process that has progressively led to the accumulation of defensive chemical weapons in localized anatomical structures, the extant chromodorid nudibranchs remain in place when molested, retracting respiratory and chemosensory organs, but offering readily accessible parts of their body to predators. When these parts are masticated or wounded by predators, breakage of the MDFs results in the release of distasteful compounds at extremely high concentration in a way that maximizes their repugnant impact.

Carbone M; Gavagnin M; Haber M; Guo YW; Fontana A; Manzo E; Genta-Jouve G; Tsoukatou M; Rudman WB; Cimino G; Ghiselin MT; Mollo E

2013-01-01

238

Gastropod arginine kinases from Cellana grata and Aplysia kurodai. Isolation and cDNA-derived amino acid sequences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arginine kinase (AK) was isolated from the radular muscle of the gastropod molluscs Cellana grata (subclass Prosobranchia) and Aplysia kurodai (subclass Opisthobranchia), respectively, by ammonium sulfate fractionation, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and DEAE-ion exchange chromatography. The denatured relative molecular mass values were estimated to be 40 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The isolated enzyme from Aplysia gave a Km value of 0.6 mM for arginine and a Vmax value of 13 micromole Pi min(-1) mg protein(-1) for the forward reaction. These values are comparable to other molluscan AKs. The cDNAs encoding Cellana and Aplysia AKs were amplified by polymerase chain reaction, and the nucleotide sequences of 1,608 and 1,239 bp, respectively, were determined. The open reading frame for Cellana AK is 1044 nucleotides in length and encodes a protein with 347 amino acid residues, and that for A. kurodai is 1077 nucleotides and 354 residues. The cDNA-derived amino acid sequences were validated by chemical sequencing of internal lysyl endopeptidase peptides. The amino acid sequences of Cellana and Aplysia AKs showed the highest percent identity (66-73%) with those of the abalone Nordotis and turbanshell Battilus belonging to the same class Gastropoda. These AK sequences still have a strong homology (63-71%) with that of the chiton Liolophura (class Polyplacophora), which is believed to be one of the most primitive molluscs. On the other hand, these AK sequences are less homologous (55-57%) with that of the clam Pseudocardium (class Bivalvia), suggesting that the biological position of the class Polyplacophora should be reconsidered. PMID:11281267

Suzuki, T; Inoue, N; Higashi, T; Mizobuchi, R; Sugimura, N; Yokouchi, K; Furukohri, T

2000-12-01

239

Gastropod arginine kinases from Cellana grata and Aplysia kurodai. Isolation and cDNA-derived amino acid sequences.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Arginine kinase (AK) was isolated from the radular muscle of the gastropod molluscs Cellana grata (subclass Prosobranchia) and Aplysia kurodai (subclass Opisthobranchia), respectively, by ammonium sulfate fractionation, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and DEAE-ion exchange chromatography. The denatured relative molecular mass values were estimated to be 40 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The isolated enzyme from Aplysia gave a Km value of 0.6 mM for arginine and a Vmax value of 13 micromole Pi min(-1) mg protein(-1) for the forward reaction. These values are comparable to other molluscan AKs. The cDNAs encoding Cellana and Aplysia AKs were amplified by polymerase chain reaction, and the nucleotide sequences of 1,608 and 1,239 bp, respectively, were determined. The open reading frame for Cellana AK is 1044 nucleotides in length and encodes a protein with 347 amino acid residues, and that for A. kurodai is 1077 nucleotides and 354 residues. The cDNA-derived amino acid sequences were validated by chemical sequencing of internal lysyl endopeptidase peptides. The amino acid sequences of Cellana and Aplysia AKs showed the highest percent identity (66-73%) with those of the abalone Nordotis and turbanshell Battilus belonging to the same class Gastropoda. These AK sequences still have a strong homology (63-71%) with that of the chiton Liolophura (class Polyplacophora), which is believed to be one of the most primitive molluscs. On the other hand, these AK sequences are less homologous (55-57%) with that of the clam Pseudocardium (class Bivalvia), suggesting that the biological position of the class Polyplacophora should be reconsidered.

Suzuki T; Inoue N; Higashi T; Mizobuchi R; Sugimura N; Yokouchi K; Furukohri T

2000-12-01

240

On Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca; Pilidae: Ampullariidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english This paper deals with the morphology of Pomacea caniculata (Lamarck, 1822) collected at Corrientes, Argentina. Comparison is made with Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823). The shell is globose, heavy, with greenish or horn-colored periostracum and dark spiral bands; apex subelevated, 5-6 whorls increasing rather rapidly and separated by very deep suture. Aperture large, rounded to subelongated; lip sometimes reddish; umbilicus large and deep; (more) operculum corneous, entirely closing the aperture. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.78-0.96 (mean 0.86); aperture length/shell length = 0.68-0.77 (mean 0.72). Radula similar to other congeneric species. Testis and spermiduct as in P. lineata and P. sordida; prostate cylindric and short, cream in color as the testis. Penial sheath straight bearing a central outer gland deeply embedded in the tissue of its basal portion and a large wrinkled gland occupying 2/3 of the distal tip of its inner surface; the rigth margin of the sheath overlaps the left one until 2/3 of its proximal end. Female reproductive apparatus similar to that P. lineata; vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath) present in all females examined.

Thiengo, Silvana C.; Borda, Carlos E.; Araújo, J. L. Barros

1993-03-01

 
 
 
 
241

On Pomacea canaliculata (Lamarck, 1822) (Mollusca; Pilidae: Ampullariidae)  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the morphology of Pomacea caniculata (Lamarck, 1822) collected at Corrientes, Argentina. Comparison is made with Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) and Pomacea sordida (Swainson, 1823). The shell is globose, heavy, with greenish or horn-colored periostracum and dark spiral bands; apex subelevated, 5-6 whorls increasing rather rapidly and separated by very deep suture. Aperture large, rounded to subelongated; lip sometimes reddish; umbilicus large and deep; operculum corneous, entirely closing the aperture. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.78-0.96 (mean 0.86); aperture length/shell length = 0.68-0.77 (mean 0.72). Radula similar to other congeneric species. Testis and spermiduct as in P. lineata and P. sordida; prostate cylindric and short, cream in color as the testis. Penial sheath straight bearing a central outer gland deeply embedded in the tissue of its basal portion and a large wrinkled gland occupying 2/3 of the distal tip of its inner surface; the rigth margin of the sheath overlaps the left one until 2/3 of its proximal end. Female reproductive apparatus similar to that P. lineata; vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath) present in all females examined.

Silvana C. Thiengo; Carlos E. Borda; J. L. Barros Araújo

1993-01-01

242

Development of the musculature in the limpet Patella (Mollusca, Patellogastropoda).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Whole-mount technique using fluorescent-labelled phalloidin for actin staining and confocal laser scanning microscopy as well as semi-thin serial sectioning, scanning and transmission electron microscopy were applied to investigate the ontogeny of the various muscular systems during larval development in the limpets Patella vulgata L. and P. caerulea L. In contrast to earlier studies, which described a single or two larval shell muscles, the pretorsional trochophore-like larva shows no less than four different muscle systems, namely the asymmetrical main head/foot larval retractor muscle, an accessory larval retractor with distinct insertion area, a circular prototroch/velar system, and a plexus-like pedal muscle system. In both Patella species only posttorsional larvae are able to retract into the shell and to close the aperture by means of the operculum. Shortly after torsion the two adult shell muscles originate independently in lateral positions, starting with two fine muscle fibres which insert at the operculum and laterally at the shell. During late larval development the main larval retractor and the accessory larval retractor become reduced and the velar muscle system is shed. In contrast, the paired adult shell muscles and the pedal muscle plexus increase in volume, and a new mantle musculature, the tentacular muscle system, and the buccal musculature arise. Because the adult shell muscles are entirely independent from the various larval muscular systems, several current hypotheses on the ontogeny and phylogeny of the early gastropod muscle system have to be reconsidered.

Wanninger A; Ruthensteiner B; Lobenwein S; Salvenmoser W; Dictus WJ; Haszprunar G

1999-04-01

243

Novas ocorrências de gastrópodes e bivalves marinhos no Brasil (Mollusca)  

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Full Text Available The gastropods Costaclis egregia (Dall, 1889), Thaleia nisonis (Dall, 1889), Tjaernoeia michaeli Engl, 2001 and the bivalves Bathyarca sp., Myonera aff. ruginosa (Jeffreys, 1882) are recorded for the first time in Brazilian waters. This paper presents a brief description of these species and also include ilustrations.

Absalão Ricardo Silva; Caetano Carlos Henrique Soares; Pimenta Alexandre Dias

2003-01-01

244

Yochelcionella (Mollusca, Helcionelloida) from the lower Cambrian of North America  

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Five named species of the helcionelloid mollusc genus Yochelcionella Runnegar & Pojeta, 1974 are recognized from the lower Cambrian (Cambrian Series 2) of North America: Yochelcionella erecta (Walcott, 1891), Y. americana Runnegar &Pojeta, 198...

Atkins C J; Peel J S

245

Yochelcionella (Mollusca, Helcionelloida) from the lower Cambrian of North America  

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Full Text Available Five named species of the helcionelloid mollusc genus Yochelcionella Runnegar & Pojeta, 1974 are recognized from the lower Cambrian (Cambrian Series 2) of North America: Yochelcionella erecta (Walcott, 1891), Y. americana Runnegar &Pojeta, 1980, Y. chinensis Pei, 1985, Y. greenlandica Atkins & Peel, 2004 and Y. gracilis Atkins & Peel, 2004, linking lower Cambrian outcrops along the present north-eastern seaboard. Yochelcionella erecta, an Avalonian species, is described for the first time; other species are derived from Laurentia. A revised concept of the Chinese species, Y. chinensis, is based mainly on a large sample from the Forteau Formation of western Newfoundland and the species may have stratigraphic utility between Cambrian palaeocontinents.

Atkins C J; Peel J S

2008-01-01

246

Neuronal Localization of Dopamine and 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Some Mollusca.  

Science.gov (United States)

The localization of biogenic monoamines in ganglionic tissues from Anodonta piscinalis, Helix pomatia, and Buccinum undatum was studied by means of the histochemical fluorescence method of Falck and Hillarp. In cerebral, visceral, and pedal ganglia (besid...

E. Dahl B. Falck C. von Mecklenburg H. Myhrberg E. Rosengren

1965-01-01

247

Fish host requirements of Lamprotula scripta hude (Mollusca: Unionidae)  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper the fish host identification in the glochidia of Lamprotula scripta in was studies. The glochidia exhibites host specificity. Among the sixteen experimental fishes, they can parasitize and metamorphose successfullyon only 5#approx#6 fish species. In view of productive operation and management, Ctenopharyngodon idellus is more feasible for artificial reproduction of this mussels on large scale. The parasitic period was 5#approx#6 days at mean water temperature between 32 deg C and 34 deg C. In size and shape, the newly metamorphosed juveniles were nearly identical to glochidia except for more globular.

Wang Yufeng; Wei Qingshan; Peng Yu

2001-01-01

248

A new species of Anna (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Buccinidae) from Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Anna capixaba, a new species found in depths of 45-60 m off the coast of the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil, is herein described. The new species is mainly characterized by a teleoconch of 4.5 whorls, weakly demarcated from the protoconch; sculptured by rounded, prominent, narrowly-separated, spiral threads; outer lip with 5-6 teeth, posterior tooth stronger; columella with two plicae, smooth.

Coltro, José; Dornellas, Ana Paula S.

2013-02-01

249

[Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from El Salvador, Central America].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Collections of 11 species of shallow water Polyplacophora from El Salvador were made in July 2002. Previously only five species had been documented in El Salvador: Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) and Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Of these, L. guatemalensis and A. exquisita were not collected in this census. Seven other species are reported here for El Salvador for the first time: Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); A. ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) and A. hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). The known geographic distribution of 1. dispar is extended to the north. An un-named species of Lepidochitona is briefly described.

García-Ríos CI; Alvarez-Ruiz M; Barraza JE; Rivera AM; Hasbún CR

2007-03-01

250

[Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from El Salvador, Central America].  

Science.gov (United States)

Collections of 11 species of shallow water Polyplacophora from El Salvador were made in July 2002. Previously only five species had been documented in El Salvador: Chaetopleura lurida (Sowerby, 1832); Ischnochiton guatemalensis (Thiele, 1910); Ceratozona angusta (Thiele, 1909); Chiton stokesii (Broderip, 1832) and Acantochitona exquisita (Pilsbry, 1893). Of these, L. guatemalensis and A. exquisita were not collected in this census. Seven other species are reported here for El Salvador for the first time: Lepidochitona beanii (Carpenter, 1857); Ischnochiton dispar (Sowerby, 1832); Stenoplax limaciformis (Sowerby, 1832); Callistochiton expressus (Carpenter, 1865); Acanthochitona arragonites (Carpenter, 1867); A. ferreirai (Lyons, 1988) and A. hirudiniformis (Sowerby, 1832). The known geographic distribution of 1. dispar is extended to the north. An un-named species of Lepidochitona is briefly described. PMID:18457124

García-Ríos, Cedar I; Alvarez-Ruiz, Migdalia; Barraza, José E; Rivera, Ana M; Hasbún, Carlos R

2007-03-01

251

Chemotactic behavior of the sperm of chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Observations of sperm behavior in the vicinity of gradients of egg-water or alcohol extracts of whole freshly-spawned eggs of several chitons reveal what appear to be directed movements of sperm up the gradient, resulting in the aggregation of motile sperm at the gradient source. Plots of the tracks of the sperm approaching the gradient source show that the cells increase the time during which they move toward the source and decrease the time spent moving away. Although this resembles the kinesis behavior shown by bacteria in a gradient, the path directions are markedly non-random. The reorientation behavior of thigmotactic sperm involves enlargement of the normal circular path diameter in the direction of the source and an alternation of tight loops and wide circular arcs, with the latter made in the direction of the source. The form of the path of attracted chiton sperm is like that observed during chemotaxis of the sperm of the hydroid Tubularia and the tunicate Ciona and resembles the behavior of Ciona sperm in that there is no increase in velocity as the cells move up the gradient. However, unlike the cnidarian and urochordate cases, the attracting substances extracted from chiton eggs do not act species-specifically.

Miller RL

1977-11-01

252

Neuronal development in larval chiton Ischnochiton hakodadensis (Mollusca: Polyplacophora).  

Science.gov (United States)

Chitons are the most primitive molluscs and, thus, a matter of considerable interest for understanding both basic principles of molluscan neurogenesis and phylogeny. The development of the nervous system in trochophores of the chiton Ischnochiton hakodadensis from hatching to metamorphosis is described in detail by using confocal laser scanning microscopy and antibodies raised against serotonin, FMRFamide, and acetylated alpha tubulin. The earliest nervous elements detected were peripheral neurons located in the frontal hemisphere of posthatching trochophores and projecting into the apical organ. Among them, two pairs of unique large lateral cells appear to pioneer the pathways of developing adult nervous system. Chitons possess an apical organ that contains the largest number of neurons among all molluscan larvae investigated so far. Besides, many pretrochal neurons are situated outside the apical organ. The prototroch is not innervated by larval neurons. The first neurons of the developing adult central nervous system (CNS) appear later in the cerebral ganglion and pedal cords. None of the neurons of the larval nervous system are retained in the adult CNS. They cease to express their transmitter content and disintegrate after settlement. Although the adult CNS of chitons resembles that of polychaetes, their general scenario of neuronal development resembles that of advanced molluscs and differs from annelids. Thus, our data demonstrate the conservative pattern of molluscan neurogenesis and suggest independent origin of molluscan and annelid trochophores. PMID:11835180

Voronezhskaya, Elena E; Tyurin, Sergei A; Nezlin, Leonid P

2002-02-25

253

Upper Cambrian chitons (Mollusca, polyplacophora) from Missouri, USA  

Science.gov (United States)

Numerous new specimens reveal a greater presence of chitons in Upper Cambrian rocks than previously suspected. Evidence is presented showing that the chiton esthete sensory system is present in all chiton species in this study at the very beginning of the known polyplacophoran fossil record. The stratigraphic occurrences and paleobiogeography of Late Cambrian chitons are documented. The 14 previously-named families of Cambrian and Ordovician chitons are reviewed and analyzed. Aulochitonidae n. fam. is defined, based on Aulochiton n. gen.; A. sannerae n. sp. is also defined. The long misunderstood family Preacanthochitonidae and its type genus Preacanthochiton Bergenhayn, 1960, are placed in synonymy with Mattheviidae and Chelodes Davidson & King, 1874, respectively; Eochelodes Marek, 1962, also is placed in synonymy with Chelodes, and Elongata Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995, is placed in synonymy with Hemithecella Ulrich & Bridge, 1941. At the species level, H. elongata Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995, and Elongata perplexa Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995, are placed in synonymy with H. eminensis Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995. The Ordovician species H. abrupta Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995, is transferred to the genus Chelodes as C. abrupta (Stinchcomb & Darrough, 1995). The Ordovician species Preacanthochiton baueri Hoare & Pojeta, 2006, is transferred to the genus Helminthochiton as H. ? baueri (Hoare & Pojeta, 2006). The Ordovician species H. marginatus Hoare & Pojeta, 2006, is transferred to the genus Litochiton as L. marginatus (Hoare & Pojeta, 2006). Matthevia walcotti Runnegar, Pojeta, Taylor, & Collins, 1979, is treated as a synonym of Hemithecella expansa Ulrich & Bridge, 1941. In addition, other multivalved Cambrian mollusks are discussed; within this group, Dycheiidae n. fam. is defined, as well as Paradycheia dorisae n. gen. and n. sp. Cladistic analysis indicates a close relationship among the genera here assigned to the Mattheviidae, and between Echinochiton Pojeta, Eernisse, Hoare, & Henderson, 2003, and mattheviids. The results suggest treating these taxa as stem-lineage chitons, and do not support the hypothesis that they are aplacophorans.

Pojeta, Jr. , J.; Vendrasco, M. J.; Darrough, G.

2010-01-01

254

Neuronal development in larval chiton Ischnochiton hakodadensis (Mollusca: Polyplacophora).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Chitons are the most primitive molluscs and, thus, a matter of considerable interest for understanding both basic principles of molluscan neurogenesis and phylogeny. The development of the nervous system in trochophores of the chiton Ischnochiton hakodadensis from hatching to metamorphosis is described in detail by using confocal laser scanning microscopy and antibodies raised against serotonin, FMRFamide, and acetylated alpha tubulin. The earliest nervous elements detected were peripheral neurons located in the frontal hemisphere of posthatching trochophores and projecting into the apical organ. Among them, two pairs of unique large lateral cells appear to pioneer the pathways of developing adult nervous system. Chitons possess an apical organ that contains the largest number of neurons among all molluscan larvae investigated so far. Besides, many pretrochal neurons are situated outside the apical organ. The prototroch is not innervated by larval neurons. The first neurons of the developing adult central nervous system (CNS) appear later in the cerebral ganglion and pedal cords. None of the neurons of the larval nervous system are retained in the adult CNS. They cease to express their transmitter content and disintegrate after settlement. Although the adult CNS of chitons resembles that of polychaetes, their general scenario of neuronal development resembles that of advanced molluscs and differs from annelids. Thus, our data demonstrate the conservative pattern of molluscan neurogenesis and suggest independent origin of molluscan and annelid trochophores.

Voronezhskaya EE; Tyurin SA; Nezlin LP

2002-02-01

255

Planorbidae, lymnaeidae and physidae of Argentina (mollusca: basommatophora).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the course of several trips to Argentina I had the opportunity of collecting specimens of Acrorbis petricola Odhner,1937, Biomphalaria orbignyi Paraense, 1975, B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954), B. intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), B. oligoza Paraense, 1974, B. straminea (Dunker, 1848), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. cimex (Moricand, 1837), D. depressissimum (Moricand, 1837), D. heloicum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), L. columella Say, 1817, Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, and P. marmorata Guilding, 1828.

Paraense WL

2005-08-01

256

Planorbidae, lymnaeidae and physidae of Peru (Mollusca: Basommatophora).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the course of several trips to Peru I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of Biomphalaria andecola (Orbigny, 1835), B. helophila (Orbigny, 1835), B. pucaraensis (Preston, 1909), Drepanotrema limayanum (Lesson, 1830), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), and Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, besides B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835), Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), H. duryi (Wetherby, 1879), Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1801, and seemingly P. peruviana Gray, 1828. B. pucaraensis is considered a junior synonym of B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835).

Paraense WL

2003-09-01

257

Planorbidae, lymnaeidae and physidae of Argentina (mollusca: basommatophora).  

Science.gov (United States)

In the course of several trips to Argentina I had the opportunity of collecting specimens of Acrorbis petricola Odhner,1937, Biomphalaria orbignyi Paraense, 1975, B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954), B. intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), B. oligoza Paraense, 1974, B. straminea (Dunker, 1848), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. cimex (Moricand, 1837), D. depressissimum (Moricand, 1837), D. heloicum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), L. columella Say, 1817, Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, and P. marmorata Guilding, 1828. PMID:16184226

Paraense, W Lobato

2005-09-15

258

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Ecuador (Mollusca: Basommatophora).  

Science.gov (United States)

In the course of a trip to Ecuador I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of the following nominal species of pulmonate molluscs: Biomphalaria cousini Paraense, 1966; Planorbis equatorius Cousin, 1887; P. canonicus Cousin, 1887; Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 and P. boetzkesi Miller, 1879. Additional findings were: Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny 1835), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), D. surinamense (Clessin, 1884), Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 and Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805. P. boetzkesi and P. canonicus are considered junior synonyms of Gyraulus hindsianus (Dunker, 1848) and Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), respectively. PMID:15322623

Paraense, W Lobato

2004-08-13

259

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Peru (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In the course of several trips to Peru I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of Biomphalaria andecola (Orbigny, 1835), B. helophila (Orbigny, 1835), B. pucaraensis (Preston, 1909), Drepanotrema limayanum (Lesson, 1830), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), and Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, besides B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835), Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), H. duryi (Wetherby, 1879), Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1801, and seemingly P. peruviana Gray, 1828. B. pucaraensis is considered a junior synonym of B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835).

Paraense, W Lobato

2003-09-01

260

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Argentina (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In the course of several trips to Argentina I had the opportunity of collecting specimens of Acrorbis petricola Odhner,1937, Biomphalaria orbignyi Paraense, 1975, B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954), B. intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), B. oligoza Paraense, 1974, B. straminea (Dunker, 1848), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. cimex (Moricand, 1837), D. depressissi (more) mum (Moricand, 1837), D. heloicum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), L. columella Say, 1817, Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, and P. marmorata Guilding, 1828.

Paraense, W Lobato

2005-08-01

 
 
 
 
261

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Peru (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the course of several trips to Peru I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of Biomphalaria andecola (Orbigny, 1835), B. helophila (Orbigny, 1835), B. pucaraensis (Preston, 1909), Drepanotrema limayanum (Lesson, 1830), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), and Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, besides B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835), Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), H. duryi (Wetherby, 1879), Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1801, and seemingly P. peruviana Gray, 1828. B. pucaraensis is considered a junior synonym of B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835).

Paraense W Lobato

2003-01-01

262

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Ecuador (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In the course of a trip to Ecuador I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of the following nominal species of pulmonate molluscs: Biomphalaria cousini Paraense, 1966; Planorbis equatorius Cousin, 1887; P. canonicus Cousin, 1887; Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 and P. boetzkesi Miller, 1879. Additional findings were: Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny 1835), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835) (more) , D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), D. surinamense (Clessin, 1884), Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 and Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805. P. boetzkesi and P. canonicus are considered junior synonyms of Gyraulus hindsianus (Dunker, 1848) and Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), respectively.

Paraense, W Lobato

2004-06-01

263

Planorbidae, lymnaeidae and physidae of Peru (Mollusca: Basommatophora).  

Science.gov (United States)

In the course of several trips to Peru I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of Biomphalaria andecola (Orbigny, 1835), B. helophila (Orbigny, 1835), B. pucaraensis (Preston, 1909), Drepanotrema limayanum (Lesson, 1830), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), and Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, besides B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835), Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), H. duryi (Wetherby, 1879), Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1801, and seemingly P. peruviana Gray, 1828. B. pucaraensis is considered a junior synonym of B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835). PMID:14595453

Paraense, W Lobato

2003-10-29

264

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Ecuador (Mollusca: Basommatophora).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In the course of a trip to Ecuador I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of the following nominal species of pulmonate molluscs: Biomphalaria cousini Paraense, 1966; Planorbis equatorius Cousin, 1887; P. canonicus Cousin, 1887; Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 and P. boetzkesi Miller, 1879. Additional findings were: Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny 1835), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), D. surinamense (Clessin, 1884), Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 and Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805. P. boetzkesi and P. canonicus are considered junior synonyms of Gyraulus hindsianus (Dunker, 1848) and Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), respectively.

Paraense WL

2004-06-01

265

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Argentina (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the course of several trips to Argentina I had the opportunity of collecting specimens of Acrorbis petricola Odhner,1937, Biomphalaria orbignyi Paraense, 1975, B. peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), B. tenagophila (Orbigny, 1835) Lymnaea viatrix Orbigny, 1835, Antillorbis nordestensis (Lucena, 1954), B. intermedia (Paraense & Deslandes, 1962), B. oligoza Paraense, 1974, B. straminea (Dunker, 1848), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. cimex (Moricand, 1837), D. depressissimum (Moricand, 1837), D. heloicum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), L. columella Say, 1817, Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, and P. marmorata Guilding, 1828.

W Lobato Paraense

2005-01-01

266

Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Ecuador (Mollusca: Basommatophora)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the course of a trip to Ecuador I had the opportunity of collecting topotypic specimens of the following nominal species of pulmonate molluscs: Biomphalaria cousini Paraense, 1966; Planorbis equatorius Cousin, 1887; P. canonicus Cousin, 1887; Lymnaea cousini Jousseaume, 1887 and P. boetzkesi Miller, 1879. Additional findings were: Helisoma trivolvis (Say, 1817), Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny 1835), Drepanotrema anatinum (Orbigny, 1835), D. kermatoides (Orbigny, 1835), D. lucidum (Pfeiffer, 1839), D. surinamense (Clessin, 1884), Lymnaea columella Say, 1817 and Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805. P. boetzkesi and P. canonicus are considered junior synonyms of Gyraulus hindsianus (Dunker, 1848) and Biomphalaria peregrina (Orbigny, 1835), respectively.

W Lobato Paraense

2004-01-01

267

Hermafroditismo Funcional de la Gónada de Fissurella crassa (Mollusca: Fissurellidae)/ Functional Hermaphrodite Gonad in Fissurella crassa (Mollusca: Fissurellidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La costa del Pacífico sudoriental es el hábitat de las 13 especies de lapas descritas del subgénero Fissurella Brugière. En estas especies no existe dimorfismo sexual, los animales son dioicos, el sexo se reconoce explorando directa o indirectamente las gónadas y no tienen procesos de reversión sexual. La presencia de un organismo de Fissurella crassa con gónada formada por porciones de ovario y otras de testículo con capacidad para generar óvulos y espermatozoid (more) es, evidencia la potencialidad que los organismos de Fissurella poseen para desarrollar el hermafroditismo funcional. Sin embargo, el presente hallazgo no permite inferir si el agente desencadenante del desarrollo sincrónico funcional de la gónada hermafrodita es un factor endógeno y/o asociado a algún evento exógeno medio ambiental. Abstract in english The coast of the Southeastern Pacific is the habitat for 13 species of described keyhole limpets of the subgenus Fissurella Brugière. In these species sexual dimorphism does not exist, the animals are dioicos, the sex is recognized exploring directly or indirectly the gonads and they do not have processes of sexual reversion. The presence of an organism Fissurella crassa with portions of ovary and testicle with ability to generate ova and sperms, demonstrates the potenti (more) al that Fissurella's organisms possess to develop functional hermaphroditism. Nevertheless, the present find does not allow to infer if the trigger agent of the synchronous functional development of the hermaphrodite gonad is a factor endogenous and / or associated with any exogenous environmental event.

Olivares Paz, Alberto; Jofré Madariaga, David; Alvarez Mazú, Carlos; Bustos-Obregón, Eduardo

2009-06-01

268

Hermafroditismo Funcional de la Gónada de Fissurella crassa (Mollusca: Fissurellidae) Functional Hermaphrodite Gonad in Fissurella crassa (Mollusca: Fissurellidae)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La costa del Pacífico sudoriental es el hábitat de las 13 especies de lapas descritas del subgénero Fissurella Brugière. En estas especies no existe dimorfismo sexual, los animales son dioicos, el sexo se reconoce explorando directa o indirectamente las gónadas y no tienen procesos de reversión sexual. La presencia de un organismo de Fissurella crassa con gónada formada por porciones de ovario y otras de testículo con capacidad para generar óvulos y espermatozoides, evidencia la potencialidad que los organismos de Fissurella poseen para desarrollar el hermafroditismo funcional. Sin embargo, el presente hallazgo no permite inferir si el agente desencadenante del desarrollo sincrónico funcional de la gónada hermafrodita es un factor endógeno y/o asociado a algún evento exógeno medio ambiental.The coast of the Southeastern Pacific is the habitat for 13 species of described keyhole limpets of the subgenus Fissurella Brugière. In these species sexual dimorphism does not exist, the animals are dioicos, the sex is recognized exploring directly or indirectly the gonads and they do not have processes of sexual reversion. The presence of an organism Fissurella crassa with portions of ovary and testicle with ability to generate ova and sperms, demonstrates the potential that Fissurella's organisms possess to develop functional hermaphroditism. Nevertheless, the present find does not allow to infer if the trigger agent of the synchronous functional development of the hermaphrodite gonad is a factor endogenous and / or associated with any exogenous environmental event.

Alberto Olivares Paz; David Jofré Madariaga; Carlos Alvarez Mazú; Eduardo Bustos-Obregón

2009-01-01

269

Novas ocorrências de gastrópodes e bivalves marinhos no Brasil (Mollusca) New records of marine gastropods and bivalves from Brazil (Mollusca)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The gastropods Costaclis egregia (Dall, 1889), Thaleia nisonis (Dall, 1889), Tjaernoeia michaeli Engl, 2001 and the bivalves Bathyarca sp., Myonera aff. ruginosa (Jeffreys, 1882) are recorded for the first time in Brazilian waters. This paper presents a brief description of these species and also include ilustrations.

Ricardo Silva Absalão; Carlos Henrique Soares Caetano; Alexandre Dias Pimenta

2003-01-01

270

Primer registro de Dondice parguerensis (Mollusca: Favorinidae) para Venezuela First record of Dondice parguerensis (Mollusca: Favorinidae) in Venezuela  

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Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez para Venezuela el aeolidaceo Dondice parguerensis Brandon y Cutress, 1985, parásito de los cnidarios Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow, 1892 y Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas, 1774), hasta ahora sólo conocido de Puerto Rico, Panamá y Bermudas.The presence of the aeolidacean Dondice parguerensis Brandon and Cutress, 1985, parasite of the cnidaria Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow, 1892 and Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas, 1774) is recorded for the first time in Venezuela. It was previously recorded in Puerto Rico, Panama and Bermuda.

Joany Mariño; Edixon Farfán; Manuel Caballer

2011-01-01

271

Primer registro de Dondice parguerensis (Mollusca: Favorinidae) para Venezuela/ First record of Dondice parguerensis (Mollusca: Favorinidae) in Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se cita por primera vez para Venezuela el aeolidaceo Dondice parguerensis Brandon y Cutress, 1985, parásito de los cnidarios Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow, 1892 y Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas, 1774), hasta ahora sólo conocido de Puerto Rico, Panamá y Bermudas. Abstract in english The presence of the aeolidacean Dondice parguerensis Brandon and Cutress, 1985, parasite of the cnidaria Cassiopea xamachana Bigelow, 1892 and Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas, 1774) is recorded for the first time in Venezuela. It was previously recorded in Puerto Rico, Panama and Bermuda.

Mariño, Joany; Farfán, Edixon; Caballer, Manuel

2011-06-01

272

Hermaphroditism in Marine Mussel Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819), (Mollusca: Mytilidae)/ Hermafroditismo en el Chorito Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819), (Mollusca: Mytilidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los bivalvos marinos son principalmente especies gonocoricas. Sin embargo, ocasionales especímenes hermafroditas pueden encontrarse. Una descripción histológica de dos (de 179) especímenes hermafroditas del chorito Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) es registrada, los que fueron colectados en la bahía de San Jorge (24S). La baja proporción de hermafroditas de Perumytilus purpuratus sugiere que podría ser un fenómeno accidental, aun así otras posibles causas son discutidas en el presente estudio. Abstract in english Marine bivalves are essentially gonochoric species. However, some occasional hermaphrodites specimens can be found. A histological description of two (among 179) hermaphrodites of the marine mussel Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) that were collected in San Jorge Bay (24S) is given. The low proportion of hermaphrodites suggests that P. purpuratus hermaphroditism could be an accidental phenomenon; nevertheless other causes are also discussed in the present study.

Montenegro Villalobos, Diana; Olivares Paz, Alberto; González, María Teresa

2010-06-01

273

Hermaphroditism in Marine Mussel Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819), (Mollusca: Mytilidae) Hermafroditismo en el Chorito Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819), (Mollusca: Mytilidae)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Marine bivalves are essentially gonochoric species. However, some occasional hermaphrodites specimens can be found. A histological description of two (among 179) hermaphrodites of the marine mussel Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) that were collected in San Jorge Bay (24S) is given. The low proportion of hermaphrodites suggests that P. purpuratus hermaphroditism could be an accidental phenomenon; nevertheless other causes are also discussed in the present study.Los bivalvos marinos son principalmente especies gonocoricas. Sin embargo, ocasionales especímenes hermafroditas pueden encontrarse. Una descripción histológica de dos (de 179) especímenes hermafroditas del chorito Perumytilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) es registrada, los que fueron colectados en la bahía de San Jorge (24S). La baja proporción de hermafroditas de Perumytilus purpuratus sugiere que podría ser un fenómeno accidental, aun así otras posibles causas son discutidas en el presente estudio.

Diana Montenegro Villalobos; Alberto Olivares Paz; María Teresa González

2010-01-01

274

Sessile and sedentary macrofauna from the Pirapama Shipwreck, Pernambuco, Brazil/ Macrofauna séssil e sedentária do Naufrágio Pirapama, Pernambuco, Brasil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Naufrágios são classificados como ambientes recifais artificiais, estruturas imersas em ecossistemas aquáticos (principalmente marinhos) que fornecem abrigo, substratos consolidados, áreas de crescimento, alimentação e de berçário. Este estudo objetivou pesquisar a biodiversidade bentônica animal do Naufrágio Pirapama, localizado a 23 m de profundidade e a seis milhas do Porto de Recife. Entre 2001 e 2007 mergulhos autônomos foram realizados para coletar, obser (more) var e fotografar as espécies. No laboratório, o material foi posteriormente classificado e identificado. Um total de 76 táxons foi registrado para a fauna séssil e sedentária, pertencentes aos seguintes filos: Porifera (Demospongiae e Calcarea), Cnidaria (Hydrozoa e Anthozoa), Mollusca (Bivalvia e Gastropoda), Annelida (Polychaeta), Arthropoda (Cirripedia), Bryozoa (Gymnolaemata), Echinodermata (Asteroidea e Echinoidea), e Chordata (Ascidiacea). A maior quantidade de espécies foi de Porifera e Bryozoa, com 13 espécies listadas para cada um. Onze novas ocorrências foram registradas para o Estado de Pernambuco, o hidróide Halopteris polymorpha e dez espécies de briozoários, uma deles sendo o primeiro registro para o Brasil (Scrupocellaria curacaoensis). A biodiversidade do Pirapama foi considerada típica quando comparada com a de outros naufrágios que foram estudados no mundo. Abstract in english Shipwrecks are considered artificial reef environments - structures immersed in aquatic environments (especially marine ones) that provide fauna with shelter, hard substrates, food and nursery areas. This study aimed to survey the benthic animal biodiversity of the Pirapama shipwreck, located 23 m deep and six miles off Recife harbor. From 2001 to 2007, species were observed, photographed and collected through scuba diving. The material was later sorted and identified in (more) the laboratory. A total of 76 sessile and sedentary animal taxa were recorded belonging to the following phyla: Porifera (Demospongiae and Calcarea), Cnidaria (Hydrozoa and Anthozoa), Mollusca (Bivalvia and Gastropoda), Annelida (Polychaeta), Arthropoda (Cirripedia), Bryozoa (Gymnolaemata), Echinodermata (Asteroidea and Echinoidea), and Chordata (Ascidiacea). The greatest richness was for Porifera and Bryozoa - 13 listed species for each. Eleven new occurrences were recorded for the state of Pernambuco, the hydroid Halopteris polymorpha and ten bryozoan species, one of them being the first record for Brazil (Scrupocellaria curacaoensis). The Pirapama's biodiversity was considered typical when compared to other shipwrecks that have been studied around the world.

Lira, Simone Maria de Albuquerque; Farrapeira, Cristiane Maria Rocha; Amaral, Fernanda Maria Duarte; Ramos, Carla Alecrim Colaço

2010-12-01

275

Tributyltin biomonitoring using prosobranchs as sentinel organisms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tributyltin (TBT) compounds, some of the most toxic xenobiotics, produce a variety of pathological reactions in animals. A reliable biomonitoring method to assess the degree of environmental TBT pollution has been described based on investigations of virilization phenomena in prosobranch snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Examples are the imposex phenomenon in marine and freshwater species, the intersex reaction in littorinids and the reduction of female sexual glands and offspring numbers in further species resulting mainly in a sterilization of females. The degree of imposex or intersex in populations is determined by different biomonitoring indices which allow to assess the TBT pollution of the environment at low costs with high precision. The effectiveness of TBT legislations is analysed by extensive surveys in France and Ireland indicating that there is still a continuing threat to sensitive marine organisms. TBT disturbs the biosynthesis of steroid hormones on the level of estrogen biosynthesis. The observed virilization phenomena seem due to an inhibition of the cytochrome P-450 dependent aromatase by this organotin compound. (orig.). With 4 figs.

Oehlmann, J. [International Graduate School Zittau, Chair of Environmental High Technology, Markt 23, D-02763 Zittau (Germany); Stroben, E. [Institute for Special Zoology and Comparative Embryology, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Schulte-Oehlmann, U. [Institute for Special Zoology and Comparative Embryology, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Bauer, B. [Institute for Special Zoology and Comparative Embryology, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Fioroni, P. [Institute for Special Zoology and Comparative Embryology, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Markert, B. [International Graduate School Zittau, Chair of Environmental High Technology, Markt 23, D-02763 Zittau (Germany)

1996-03-01

276

The influence of trematodes on the macroalgae consumption by the common periwinkle Littorina littorea  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Trematodes are ubiquitous elements of coastal ecosystems that commonly modify the phenotype of their invertebrate hosts, often with ramifications to higher levels of ecological organization. In this context, trematode infections have been suggested to reduce the consumption of the herbivorous gastropod Littorina littorea (L.) (Mollusca: Gastropoda), in turn affecting the composition of the macroalgal community on which the snail grazes. Here, we examine the effect of two species of trematodes, Renicola roscovita and Himasthla elongata, on L. littorea's consumption in two outdoor microcosm experiments offering the snails two different ephemeral green algae species as a food source. Our results show that, irrespective of the species of parasite and food source, infection decreases consumption: uninfected snails consumed up to 65% more macroalgal biomass than infected snails. Aside from infection status, gender and size also influenced the snails' consumption rate significantly. The differing histopathological impacts of the two species of trematodes on the hosts' gonad-digestive gland complex (in which the parasites reside), suggests that parasitic castration is a likely mechanism for the reduced energy demand of infected periwinkles. Together with existing evidence, our investigation suggests that trematodes in general depress the grazing activity of L. littorea, and that the resulting community regulation occurs throughout the snails' distributional range.

Clausen, Karin T.; Larsen, Martin H.

2008-01-01

277

Opposite effects of interleukin-2 and interleukin-4 on GABA-induced inward currents of dialysed Lymnaea neurons.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

1. The effects of interleukin-2 (rhIL-2) and interleukin-4 (rhIL-4) were investigated on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced inward currents on isolated, identified neurons of Lymnaea stagnalis L. (Mollusca, Gastropoda) by using a concentration clamp technique. 2. It was shown that the interleukins modified the GABA-induced inward current in an opposite direction: rhIL-2 (2-100 U/ml) decreased the peak value of IGABA in a dose-dependent manner, whereas rhIL-4 (0.2-100 U/ml), on the contrary, potentiated it. Both types of modulation were partially or fully reversible. 3. The reversal potential of IGABA was not shifted by these cytokines. 4. The time-to-peak value and inactivation time constant of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced current was decreased by rhIL-4. The modulatory effect of rhIL-4 was eliminated after conjugation of this cytokine with its antibody. 5. It appears that cytokines could play a role in regulating the neural excitability through GABA-erg mechanisms.

S-Rózsa K; Rubakhin SS; Szücs A; Hughes TK; Stefano GB

1997-07-01

278

Evolution of phosphagen kinase V. cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of two molluscan arginine kinases from the chiton Liolophura japonica and the turbanshell Battilus cornutus.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The cDNAs of arginine kinases from the chiton Liolophura japonica (Polyplacophora) and the turbanshell Battilus cornutus (Gastropoda) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the complete nucleotide sequences of 1669 and 1624 bp, respectively, were determined. The open reading frame for Liolophura arginine kinase is 1050 nucleotides in length and encodes a protein with 349 amino acid residues, and that for Battilus is 1077 nucleotides and 358 residues. The validity of the cDNA-derived amino acid sequence was supported by chemical sequencing of internal tryptic peptides. The molecular masses were calculated to be 39,057 and 39,795 Da, respectively. The amino acid sequence of Liolophura arginine kinase showed 65-68% identity with those of Battilus and Nordotis (abalone) arginine kinases, and the homology between Battilus and Nordotis was 79%. Molluscan arginine kinases also show lower, but significant homology (38-43%) with rabbit creatine kinase. The sequences of arginine kinases could be used as a molecular clock to elucidate the phylogeny of Mollusca, one of the most diverse animal phyla.

Suzuki T; Ban T; Furukohri T

1997-06-01

279

Evolution of phosphagen kinase V. cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of two molluscan arginine kinases from the chiton Liolophura japonica and the turbanshell Battilus cornutus.  

Science.gov (United States)

The cDNAs of arginine kinases from the chiton Liolophura japonica (Polyplacophora) and the turbanshell Battilus cornutus (Gastropoda) were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the complete nucleotide sequences of 1669 and 1624 bp, respectively, were determined. The open reading frame for Liolophura arginine kinase is 1050 nucleotides in length and encodes a protein with 349 amino acid residues, and that for Battilus is 1077 nucleotides and 358 residues. The validity of the cDNA-derived amino acid sequence was supported by chemical sequencing of internal tryptic peptides. The molecular masses were calculated to be 39,057 and 39,795 Da, respectively. The amino acid sequence of Liolophura arginine kinase showed 65-68% identity with those of Battilus and Nordotis (abalone) arginine kinases, and the homology between Battilus and Nordotis was 79%. Molluscan arginine kinases also show lower, but significant homology (38-43%) with rabbit creatine kinase. The sequences of arginine kinases could be used as a molecular clock to elucidate the phylogeny of Mollusca, one of the most diverse animal phyla. PMID:9217008

Suzuki, T; Ban, T; Furukohri, T

1997-06-20

280

Oligocene pteropods (Gastropoda: Thecosomata) from the Kishima Formation, Saga Prefecture, southwest Japan/ Pterópodos (Gastropoda: Thecosomata) del Oligoceno de la Formación Kishima, Prefectura Saga, suroeste de Japón  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se describen cinco especies de dos géneros de pterópodos, Limacina conica (Koenen, 1892), L. hospes Rolle, 1861, L. karasawai nueva especie, Limacina sp. y Creseis kishimaensis nueva especie, correspondientes a la Formación Kishima del Oligoceno en la Prefectura de Saga, al noroeste de Kyushu, suroeste de Japón. Estas especies representan el primer registro de pterópodos del Oligoceno de Japón. La fauna de pterópodos de la Formación Kishima se caracteriza por la p (more) resencia predominante del género Limacina. La fauna de pterópodos del Oligoceno de Japón es discutida brevemente. Abstract in english Five species in two genera of pteropods, Limacina conica (Koenen, 1892), L. hospes Rolle, 1861, L. karasawai new species, Limacina sp. and Creseis kishimaensis new species, are described from the Oligocene Kishima Formation of Saga Prefecture, northwestern Kyushu, southwest Japan. These species constitute the first Oligocene pteropod record from Japan. The pteropod fauna of the Kishima Formation is characterized by the predominate occurrence of the genus Limacina. The Oligocene pteropod fauna from Japan is briefly discussed.

Ando, Yusuke

2011-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

Report of a human accident caused by Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae) Relato de um acidente em ser humano causado por Conus regius (Gastropoda, Conidae)  

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Full Text Available Conus regius is a venomous mollusc in the Conidae family, which includes species responsible for severe or even fatal accidents affecting human beings. This is the first report on a clinical case involving this species. It consisted a puncture in the right hand of a diver who presented paresthesia and movement difficulty in the whole limb. The manifestations disappeared after around twelve hours, without sequelae.Conus regius é um molusco venenoso da família Conidae, que inclui espécies responsáveis por acidentes graves ou mesmo fatais em humanos. Os autores relatam pela primeira vez um caso clínico envolvendo a espécie, que inclui uma punctura na mão direita de um mergulhador submarino, que apresentou parestesias e dificuldade de movimentação do membro todo. O quadro desapareceu em cerca de doze horas, sem seqüelas.

Vidal Haddad Junior; Marcus Coltro; Luiz Ricardo L. Simone

2009-01-01

282

Optimización de la solución de extracción de moléculas antibacterianas de Cenchritis muricatus (Gastropoda:Littorinidae) Optimization of extracting solutions of antibacterial molecules from Cenchritis muricatus (Gastropoda:Littorinidae)  

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Full Text Available Introducción: los moluscos marinos constituyen un reservorio natural de moléculas con potencialidades terapéuticas para el tratamiento de enfermedades infecciosas en momentos en que se han descrito numerosas cepas resistentes a los antibióticos convencionales. Objetivo: comparar 3 soluciones: ácido acético 30 %, metanol 50 % y salina-ácida (NaCl 0,6 mol/L, HCl 1 %) atendiendo a sus capacidades extractivas de moléculas con actividad antibacteriana del molusco marino Cenchritis muricatus. Métodos: para el procesamiento del material biológico se utilizaron las 3 soluciones de extracción y se analizaron los extractos obtenidos de acuerdo con la concentración de proteínas totales y la inhibición del crecimiento bacteriano de cepas de Staphylococcus aureus y Escherichia coli, mediante un bioensayo turbidimétrico en microplacas de 96 pocillos en medio Luria-Bertani. Resultados: se obtuvo mayor concentración de proteínas totales (7,8 mg/mL) con el extracto total de C. muricatus obtenido con la solución salina-ácida. Además con 200 mg/mL de proteínas totales del extracto se obtuvo inhibición significativa (pIntroduction: marine mollusks are natural reservoirs of molecules with therapeutic potential for the treatment of infectious diseases, at a time when many antibiotic-resistant strains are being described. Objective: to compare three solutions: 30% acetic acid, 50% methanol and saline-acid (NaCl 0.6 mol/L, 1% HCl) according to their capacities to extract molecules with antimicrobial activity from the marine mollusk Cenchritis muricatus. Methods: the three extraction solutions were used to process the biological material, and then, the obtained extracts were analyzed in terms of total protein concentration and the bacterial growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli strains by means of a turbidimetric bioassay using 96 well microplates in Luria-Bertani (LB) culture medium. Results: the highest total protein concentration (7.8 mg/mL) was found in the C. muricatus extract from the saline-acid solution. Additionally, 200 mg/mL of total proteins from the extract caused significant growth inhibition (p<0.001) of S. aureus (12.64 %) and E. coli (12.1 %) compared to the positive control of growth inhibition using chloramphenicol. Conclusions: according to these results, the saline-acid solution proved to be more efficient in extracting molecules with antibacterial activity that are likely to be antimicrobial peptides from C. muricatus.

Annia Alba Menéndez; Carlos López Abarrategui; Antonio A Vázquez Perera; Anselmo J Otero González

2011-01-01

283

Optimización de la solución de extracción de moléculas antibacterianas de Cenchritis muricatus (Gastropoda:Littorinidae)/ Optimization of extracting solutions of antibacterial molecules from Cenchritis muricatus (Gastropoda:Littorinidae)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: los moluscos marinos constituyen un reservorio natural de moléculas con potencialidades terapéuticas para el tratamiento de enfermedades infecciosas en momentos en que se han descrito numerosas cepas resistentes a los antibióticos convencionales. Objetivo: comparar 3 soluciones: ácido acético 30 %, metanol 50 % y salina-ácida (NaCl 0,6 mol/L, HCl 1 %) atendiendo a sus capacidades extractivas de moléculas con actividad antibacteriana del molusco marin (more) o Cenchritis muricatus. Métodos: para el procesamiento del material biológico se utilizaron las 3 soluciones de extracción y se analizaron los extractos obtenidos de acuerdo con la concentración de proteínas totales y la inhibición del crecimiento bacteriano de cepas de Staphylococcus aureus y Escherichia coli, mediante un bioensayo turbidimétrico en microplacas de 96 pocillos en medio Luria-Bertani. Resultados: se obtuvo mayor concentración de proteínas totales (7,8 mg/mL) con el extracto total de C. muricatus obtenido con la solución salina-ácida. Además con 200 mg/mL de proteínas totales del extracto se obtuvo inhibición significativa (p Abstract in english Introduction: marine mollusks are natural reservoirs of molecules with therapeutic potential for the treatment of infectious diseases, at a time when many antibiotic-resistant strains are being described. Objective: to compare three solutions: 30% acetic acid, 50% methanol and saline-acid (NaCl 0.6 mol/L, 1% HCl) according to their capacities to extract molecules with antimicrobial activity from the marine mollusk Cenchritis muricatus. Methods: the three extraction soluti (more) ons were used to process the biological material, and then, the obtained extracts were analyzed in terms of total protein concentration and the bacterial growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli strains by means of a turbidimetric bioassay using 96 well microplates in Luria-Bertani (LB) culture medium. Results: the highest total protein concentration (7.8 mg/mL) was found in the C. muricatus extract from the saline-acid solution. Additionally, 200 mg/mL of total proteins from the extract caused significant growth inhibition (p

Menéndez, Annia Alba; López Abarrategui, Carlos; Vázquez Perera, Antonio A; Otero González, Anselmo J

2011-08-01

284

Functional chloroplasts in metazoan cells - a unique evolutionary strategy in animal life  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Among metazoans, retention of functional diet-derived chloroplasts (kleptoplasty) is known only from the sea slug taxon Sacoglossa (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Intracellular maintenance of plastids in the slug's digestive epithelium has long attracted interest given its implications for understanding the evolution of endosymbiosis. However, photosynthetic ability varies widely among sacoglossans; some species have no plastid retention while others survive for months solely on photosynthesis. We present a molecular phylogenetic hypothesis for the Sacoglossa and a survey of kleptoplasty from representatives of all major clades. We sought to quantify variation in photosynthetic ability among lineages, identify phylogenetic origins of plastid retention, and assess whether kleptoplasty was a key character in the radiation of the Sacoglossa. Results Three levels of photosynthetic activity were detected: (1) no functional retention; (2) short-term retention lasting about one week; and (3) long-term retention for over a month. Phylogenetic analysis of one nuclear and two mitochondrial loci revealed reciprocal monophyly of the shelled Oxynoacea and shell-less Plakobranchacea, the latter comprising a monophyletic Plakobranchoidea and paraphyletic Limapontioidea. Only species in the Plakobranchoidea expressed short- or long-term kleptoplasty, most belonging to a speciose clade of slugs bearing parapodia (lateral flaps covering the dorsum). Bayesian ancestral character state reconstructions indicated that functional short-term retention arose once in the last common ancestor of Plakobranchoidea, and independently evolved into long-term retention in four derived species. Conclusion We propose a sequential progression from short- to long-term kleptoplasty, with different adaptations involved in each step. Short-term kleptoplasty likely arose as a deficiency in plastid digestion, yielding additional energy via the release of fixed carbon. Functional short-term retention was an apomorphy of the Plakobranchoidea, but the subsequent evolution of parapodia enabled slugs to protect kleptoplasts against high irradiance and further prolong plastid survival. We conclude that functional short-term retention was necessary but not sufficient for an adaptive radiation in the Plakobranchoidea, especially in the genus Elysia which comprises a third of all sacoglossan species. The adaptations necessary for long-term chloroplast survival arose independently in species feeding on different algal hosts, providing a valuable study system for examining the parallel evolution of this unique trophic strategy.

Händeler Katharina; Grzymbowski Yvonne P; Krug Patrick J; Wägele Heike

2009-01-01

285

Evolution of gastropod mitochondrial genome arrangements  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Gastropod mitochondrial genomes exhibit an unusually great variety of gene orders compared to other metazoan mitochondrial genome such as e.g those of vertebrates. Hence, gastropod mitochondrial genomes constitute a good model system to study patterns, rates, and mechanisms of mitochondrial genome rearrangement. However, this kind of evolutionary comparative analysis requires a robust phylogenetic framework of the group under study, which has been elusive so far for gastropods in spite of the efforts carried out during the last two decades. Here, we report the complete nucleotide sequence of five mitochondrial genomes of gastropods (Pyramidella dolabrata, Ascobulla fragilis, Siphonaria pectinata, Onchidella celtica, and Myosotella myosotis), and we analyze them together with another ten complete mitochondrial genomes of gastropods currently available in molecular databases in order to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships among the main lineages of gastropods. Results Comparative analyses with other mollusk mitochondrial genomes allowed us to describe molecular features and general trends in the evolution of mitochondrial genome organization in gastropods. Phylogenetic reconstruction with commonly used methods of phylogenetic inference (ME, MP, ML, BI) arrived at a single topology, which was used to reconstruct the evolution of mitochondrial gene rearrangements in the group. Conclusion Four main lineages were identified within gastropods: Caenogastropoda, Vetigastropoda, Patellogastropoda, and Heterobranchia. Caenogastropoda and Vetigastropoda are sister taxa, as well as, Patellogastropoda and Heterobranchia. This result rejects the validity of the derived clade Apogastropoda (Caenogastropoda + Heterobranchia). The position of Patellogastropoda remains unclear likely due to long-branch attraction biases. Within Heterobranchia, the most heterogeneous group of gastropods, neither Euthyneura (because of the inclusion of P. dolabrata) nor Pulmonata (polyphyletic) nor Opisthobranchia (because of the inclusion S. pectinata) were recovered as monophyletic groups. The gene order of the Vetigastropoda might represent the ancestral mitochondrial gene order for Gastropoda and we propose that at least three major rearrangements have taken place in the evolution of gastropods: one in the ancestor of Caenogastropoda, another in the ancestor of Patellogastropoda, and one more in the ancestor of Heterobranchia.

Grande Cristina; Templado José; Zardoya Rafael

2008-01-01

286

MYTELLA CHARRUANA (D'ORBIGNY) (MOLLUSCA: BIVALVIA: MYTILIDAE) EN LA BAHÍA DE CARTAGENA, COLOMBIA/ MYTELLA CHARRUANA (D'ORBIGNY) (MOLLUSCA: BIVALVIA: MYTILIDAE) IN CARTAGENA BAY, COLOMBIA  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english High densities of the bivalve Mytella charruana were found for the first time in the Bay of Cartagena, Colombian Caribbean, during an antifouling field assay carried out during the second semester of 2008. This species reached average densities of 13400 individuals m-2 on underwater manmade substrates. Size range was between 0.5 and 3.6 cm with an average length of 1.95 cm. Mytella charruana is an avid surface colonizer, monopolizes underwater substrates and reaches cover areas close to 100 % generally as an epibiont.

Puyana, Mónica; Prato, Julián; Díaz, Juan Manuel

2012-06-01

287

Estudo do crescimento e da reprodução de Bradybaena similaris (Férussac) (Mollusca, Xanthonychidae) em laboratório Growth and reproduction of Bradybaena similaris (Férussac) (Mollusca, Xanthonychidae) in laboratory conditions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Biological aspects of Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) were studied, such as: onset of sexual maturity, occurrence of self-fertilization, oviposition, incubation period, eclosion rate and shell length measurement at different stages of development. It was noted that in isolated B. similaris the minimum and maximum time for reaching sexual maturity were 109 and 180 days, respectively. When kept in groups, the minimum time was 78 days. The occurrence of self-fertilization was observed in 18.4% of specimens. The total number of eggs per oviposition varied from one to 38 (average: 3,5 ± 7,15), the total number of eggs per mollusc varied from one to 39 (average: 7,0 ± 10,21) and the total number of oviposition per mollusc varied form one to six (averege: 2,0 ± 1,27). Thirty ovipositions (894 eggs) were followed and the minimum eclosion time of the young was 14 days, the maximum eclosion time was 35 days and the average 23,69 days. The eclosion average percent was 81,22. As to the shell length in different growth stages, it was observed that in B. similaris the length of the shell was similar until 30 days for age. After this period isolated specimens acquired a greater growth rhythm when compared to that of grouped specimens. The maximum shell length of isolated specimens was 17,4 mm whereas grouped specimens reached 14,5 mm. In this specie, individuals that were kept grouped became sexually mature earlier than isolated ones. Individuals kept isolated reach larger length of shell. In the moment of the sexual maturity, the length of the shell in the individuals tha were kept isolated was smaller than the grouped.

Marcelo Nocelle de Almeida; Elisabeth Cristina de Almeida Bessa

2001-01-01

288

Nuevas especies de la familia Marginellidae (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Muricoidea) de Venezuela/ New species of the family Marginellidae (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Muricoidea) from Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Hasta la fecha se han citado en Venezuela 10 especies del género Volvarina y una del género Hyalina, aunque de ellas solamente 2 se conocen con certeza. En este trabajo se describen 4 especies nuevas de moluscos de la familia Marginellidae a partir de ejemplares recolectados en 3 localidades diferentes: la isla de La Tortuga, el Parque Nacional Morrocoy e Isla de Aves. Además, se discute la validez de las citas de Venezuela y la de Caribeginella flormarina Espinosa & O (more) rtea, 1998, sinonimizada con Hyalina pallida. Se aportan ilustraciones de los animales vivos de las 4 especies y también nuevas fotos de la concha del neotipo de H. pallida, depositado en el Museo de Historia Natural de Londres. Las nuevas especies se caracterizan por: Volvarina morrocoyensis Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea especie nueva; 5 bandas pardas en la concha, pliegues paralelos 2 a 2, cuerpo blanco con manchas rojas, manto con manchas negras formando bandas. Volvarina monchoi Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea especie nueva; concha blanca con una banda parda, pliegues desiguales, cuerpo blanco sin manchas. Volvarina avesensis Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea especie nueva; 3 bandas anaranjadas en la concha, pliegues paralelos, cuerpo anaranjado sin manchas, manto con manchas castañas. Hyalina nelsyae especie nueva; 3 bandas pardas en la concha, pliegues posteriores divergentes, anteriores casi paralelos, cuerpo con manchas rojizas formando un diamante en la cola, manto con manchas rojizas en 3 bandas. Abstract in english To date, 10 species of the genus Volvarina and one species of the genus Hyalina have been cited in Venezuela, but only 2 of them are certain. In this paper 4 new species of mollusks of the family Marginellidae are described, based on specimens collected from 3 different locations: La Tortuga Island, Morrocoy National Park and Aves Island. Additionally, the records in Venezuela of all the species of both genus and the validity of Caribeginella flormarina, synonymized with (more) Hyalina pallida, are discussed. Illustrations of the living animals for all the species are included, so as new photos of the shell of the Neotype of H. pallida, housed in the Natural History Museum in London. The new species are characterized by: Volvarina morrocoyensis Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea new species; 5 brownish bands in the shell, paired parallel plications, white body with red spots, mantle with black spots grouped in bands. Volvarina monchoi Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea new species; white shell with a brown band, uneven plications, white body without spots. Volvarina avesensis Caballer, Espinosa & Ortea new species; 3 orange bands in the shell, parallel plications, orange body, lacking spots, mantle with dull spots. Hyalina nelsyae new species; 3 dull bands in the shell, posterior plications divergent, anterior plications quasi-parallel, body with reddish spots forming a diamond in the tail, mantle with reddish spots forming 3 bands.

Caballer, Manuel; Espinosa, José; Ortea, Jesús; Narciso, Samuel

2013-04-01

289

ESTADO DE LAS POBLACIONES DE QUITONES (MOLLUSCA: POLYPLACOPHORA) EN ROMPEOLAS ARTIFICIALES DE COVEÑAS, SUCRE, COLOMBIA Populations of quitones (Mollusca: Poliplacophora) in artificial seawalls of Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia  

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Full Text Available El trabajo se realizó en dos rompeolas en Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia. Los objetivos fueron determinar las especies de quitones presentes ahí y su abundancia, distribución espacial, actividad y aspectos morfológicos, así como el papel de los rompeolas en el incremento de la diversidad biológica. Se midieron factores abióticos y se anotaron otros organismos presentes. Las especies de quitones que se encuentran en los rompeolas de Coveñas, son las mismas que aparecen en el litoral rocoso de regiones cercanas, como el departamento de Córdoba. Las poblaciones de quitones presentaron una abundancia similar a la encontrada en otras regiones naturales del Caribe. Éstos realizan movimientos nocturnos para alimentarse y regresan a los sitios de reposo diurnos una vez concluyen esa actividad. Sus tallas máximas son mayores que las registradas para otras regiones. La distribución espacial agrupada y la asociación en un mismo microhábitat de las diferentes especies de quitones, aunque obedece a la búsqueda de mejores condiciones alimentarias, en el caso de los rompeolas pudiera estar influenciada además por la estructura de los mismos y por la poca amplitud de las mareas, características de esta región. Los rompeolas permiten la presencia de diversas especies que se relacionan entre sí y que no existían allí con anterioridad, luego incrementan la diversidad biológica.The work was conducted in two artificial seawalls in Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia. The objectives were to determine the species of chitons found in that ecosystem and to establish their abundance, spatial distribution, activity and morphological features. The study also sought to investigate the role of seawalls in increasing local biodiversity. We measured abiotic factors and recorded the organisms present. The species of chitons found in Coveñas seawalls are the same that appear in natural rocky shorelines of nearby regions, such as in the department of Cordoba. The populations of chitons are in similar good condition to those found in other natural regions of the Caribbean. Chitons forage at night and return to their resting sites during the day. Average sizes are larger than those reported for other regions. Abiotic factors measured do not appear to affect the annual variations in the abundance of chitons, which may be more related to tidal changes. The aggregated spatial distribution and association in the same microhabitats of different species of chitons seem to be influenced by the structure of seawalls and the limited tidal range, which are characteristic of this region. Seawalls support various interrelated species and thus increase the local biodiversity.

ALCIDES C SAMPEDRO-M; SANDRA M PRASCA-S; DANIELA SUÁREZ-V; LILIBETH ESCOBAR-S

2012-01-01

290

Controle biológico: Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca, pilidae) sobre planorbíneos, em laboratório Biological control: Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca pilidae) over planorbids under laboratory conditions  

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Full Text Available Foi acompanhado em laboratório o controle de planorbíneos (Biomphalaria straminea Dunker, 1848; B. tenagophila Orbigny, 1835 e B. glabrata Say, 1818), hospedeiros intermediários da esquistossomose mansoni, através da predação de suas desovas pelo pilídeo Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856. De 829 desovas ovipostas por B. straminea, 203 (24,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum; destas, 200 (98,3%) foram predadas. De 892 desovas ovipostas por B. tenagophia, 201 (22,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum; destas, 194 (97,0%) foram predadas. De 1.300 desovas ovipostas por B. glabrata, 657 (50,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum sendo totalmente predadas. Paralelamente, procurou-se observar as possíveis interações ocorridas entre pomáceas e planorbíneos quando da coabitação do mesmo aquário.The biological control of planorbids (Biomphalaria straminea Dunker, 1848; B. tenagophila Orbigny, 1835 and B. glabrata Say, 1818) through the predation of their eggmasses by the pilid Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856, was observed under laboratory conditions. Of 829 eggmasses laid by B. straminea, 203 (24.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of P. haustrum and 200 (98.3%) of them were predation. Of 892 eggmasses laid by B. tenagophila, 210 (22.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of P. haustrum and 194 (97.0%) were predate. Of 1,300 eggamsses laid by B. glabrata, 657 (50.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of P. haustrum and were totally predate. Parallel to this the possible interaction of pomaceas and planorbids when they lived in the same aquarium has been observed.

Carlos Tito Guimarães

1983-01-01

291

Controle biológico: Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca, pilidae) sobre planorbíneos, em laboratório/ Biological control: Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856 (Mollusca pilidae) over planorbids under laboratory conditions  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Foi acompanhado em laboratório o controle de planorbíneos (Biomphalaria straminea Dunker, 1848; B. tenagophila Orbigny, 1835 e B. glabrata Say, 1818), hospedeiros intermediários da esquistossomose mansoni, através da predação de suas desovas pelo pilídeo Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856. De 829 desovas ovipostas por B. straminea, 203 (24,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum; destas, 200 (98,3%) foram predadas. De 892 desovas ovipostas por B. tenagophia, 20 (more) 1 (22,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum; destas, 194 (97,0%) foram predadas. De 1.300 desovas ovipostas por B. glabrata, 657 (50,5%) foram expostas a 10 exemplares de P. haustrum sendo totalmente predadas. Paralelamente, procurou-se observar as possíveis interações ocorridas entre pomáceas e planorbíneos quando da coabitação do mesmo aquário. Abstract in english The biological control of planorbids (Biomphalaria straminea Dunker, 1848; B. tenagophila Orbigny, 1835 and B. glabrata Say, 1818) through the predation of their eggmasses by the pilid Pomacea haustrum Reeve, 1856, was observed under laboratory conditions. Of 829 eggmasses laid by B. straminea, 203 (24.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of P. haustrum and 200 (98.3%) of them were predation. Of 892 eggmasses laid by B. tenagophila, 210 (22.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of (more) P. haustrum and 194 (97.0%) were predate. Of 1,300 eggamsses laid by B. glabrata, 657 (50.5%) were exposed to 10 specimens of P. haustrum and were totally predate. Parallel to this the possible interaction of pomaceas and planorbids when they lived in the same aquarium has been observed.

Guimarães, Carlos Tito

1983-04-01

292

Observations on the morphology of Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Ampullariidae) Observações sobre a morfologia de Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Ampullaridae)  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the morpholgy of Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) collected at its type locality. The shell is globose, moderately heavy, horn-colored with brown spiral bands; apex subelevated; 4 - 5 rounded whorls increasing in diameter rather rapidly, separated by deep suture. Aperture large and ovoid; outer lip sharp; umbilicus narrow and deep; operculum concentric, corneous. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.74 - 0.83 (mean 0.78); spire length/shell length = 0.10 - 0.18 (mean 0.13); aperture length/shell length = 0.70 - 0.77 (mean 0.73). The animal is longisiphonate. Renal organ brownish with marked invagination at its right edge. Ureter elongated with its long axis transverse to the main axis of the kidney. The radula is taenioglossate (2.1.1.1.2) and has on average 35 transverse rows of teeth. The form and arrangement of the radula teeth are nearly the same as in other Ampullariidae. The testis is cream-colored and lies in the first three whorls of the spire. Spermiduct uniformly narrow, running to the base of the spire. Seminal vesicle whitish, slightly pressed dorsoventrally. Prostate cylindric and thick, similar in color to the testis. Penis whiplike, with a closed circular spermiduct. Penis pouch ovoid completely envelping the penis. Penis sheath elongated, broad prosimally, tapering distally. Its inner surface shows a longitudinal channel along its proximal half and two glands, one on the middle and the other apical. Ovary composed of branched whitish tubules situated on the surface of the digestive gland. Oviduct slender running along the columellar axis toward the base of the spire. Seminal receptalble tubiform, thick-walled and rounded proximally. Albumen gland large, pink, enclosing the receptacle and the spiral capsule gland. Vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath) present in all females examined.Neste trabalho e estudada a morfologia de Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) baseada em material coletado na localidade-tipo. Concha com espessura moderada, globosa, castanha, com faixas espirais castanhas-escuras; ápice pouco elevado, 4-5 giros arredondados crescendo rapidamente em diâmetro, separados por suturas profundas. Abertura grande oval; lábio externo simples; umbigo pequeno e profundo; opérculo concêntrico, córneo. Razão: largura da concha/comprimento da concha = 0.74 - 0.83 (média 0.78); comprimento da espira/comprimento da concha = 0.10 - 0.18 (média 0.13); comprimento da abertura/comprimento da concha = 0.70 - 0.77 (média 0.73). Animal com sifão bem desenvolvido. A rádula é tenioglossa (2.1.1.1.2) e tem em média 35 fileiras transversais de dentes. A forma e a disposição dos dentes radulares são semelhantes ao padrão dos ampularídeos. Rim de cor castanha apresentando uma invaginação acentuada na parede direita. Ureter alongado e transversal ao eixo principal do rim. Testículo constituído por uma massa cor creme, ocupando as três primeiras voltas da espira. Espermiduto estreito e uniforme, correndo para a base da espira. Vesícula seminal esbranquiçada levemente achatada dorso-ventralmente. Próstata cilíndrica e compacta com coloração semelhante à do testículo. Pênis em forma de chicote com canal espermático fechado e de contorno circular. Bolsa do pênis ovalada, envolvendo-o completamente. Bainha do pênis alongada tendo sua largura diminuída gradualmente da base para a extremidade; sua superfície interna apresenta um canal mediano em sua metade proximal e duas glândulas, uma mediana e outra apical. Ovário constituído por túbulos ramificados branco-amarelados situados superficilamente sobre a glândula digestiva. Oviduto estreito correndo pelo eixo columelar até a base da espira. Receptáculo seminal tubular com parede espessa e extremidade proximal alargada. Glândula de albume volumosa e rosada envolvendo o receptáculo seminal e a glândula da casca em espiral. Vestígio do aparelho copulador masculino (pênis e sua bainha) presente em todas as fêmeas examinadas.

Silvana Carvalho Thiengo

1987-01-01

293

Observations on the morphology of Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Ampullariidae)/ Observações sobre a morfologia de Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) (Mollusca, Ampullaridae)  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Neste trabalho e estudada a morfologia de Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) baseada em material coletado na localidade-tipo. Concha com espessura moderada, globosa, castanha, com faixas espirais castanhas-escuras; ápice pouco elevado, 4-5 giros arredondados crescendo rapidamente em diâmetro, separados por suturas profundas. Abertura grande oval; lábio externo simples; umbigo pequeno e profundo; opérculo concêntrico, córneo. Razão: largura da concha/comprimento da concha (more) = 0.74 - 0.83 (média 0.78); comprimento da espira/comprimento da concha = 0.10 - 0.18 (média 0.13); comprimento da abertura/comprimento da concha = 0.70 - 0.77 (média 0.73). Animal com sifão bem desenvolvido. A rádula é tenioglossa (2.1.1.1.2) e tem em média 35 fileiras transversais de dentes. A forma e a disposição dos dentes radulares são semelhantes ao padrão dos ampularídeos. Rim de cor castanha apresentando uma invaginação acentuada na parede direita. Ureter alongado e transversal ao eixo principal do rim. Testículo constituído por uma massa cor creme, ocupando as três primeiras voltas da espira. Espermiduto estreito e uniforme, correndo para a base da espira. Vesícula seminal esbranquiçada levemente achatada dorso-ventralmente. Próstata cilíndrica e compacta com coloração semelhante à do testículo. Pênis em forma de chicote com canal espermático fechado e de contorno circular. Bolsa do pênis ovalada, envolvendo-o completamente. Bainha do pênis alongada tendo sua largura diminuída gradualmente da base para a extremidade; sua superfície interna apresenta um canal mediano em sua metade proximal e duas glândulas, uma mediana e outra apical. Ovário constituído por túbulos ramificados branco-amarelados situados superficilamente sobre a glândula digestiva. Oviduto estreito correndo pelo eixo columelar até a base da espira. Receptáculo seminal tubular com parede espessa e extremidade proximal alargada. Glândula de albume volumosa e rosada envolvendo o receptáculo seminal e a glândula da casca em espiral. Vestígio do aparelho copulador masculino (pênis e sua bainha) presente em todas as fêmeas examinadas. Abstract in english This paper deals with the morpholgy of Pomacea lineata (Spix, 1827) collected at its type locality. The shell is globose, moderately heavy, horn-colored with brown spiral bands; apex subelevated; 4 - 5 rounded whorls increasing in diameter rather rapidly, separated by deep suture. Aperture large and ovoid; outer lip sharp; umbilicus narrow and deep; operculum concentric, corneous. Ratios: shell width/shell length = 0.74 - 0.83 (mean 0.78); spire length/shell length = 0.10 (more) - 0.18 (mean 0.13); aperture length/shell length = 0.70 - 0.77 (mean 0.73). The animal is longisiphonate. Renal organ brownish with marked invagination at its right edge. Ureter elongated with its long axis transverse to the main axis of the kidney. The radula is taenioglossate (2.1.1.1.2) and has on average 35 transverse rows of teeth. The form and arrangement of the radula teeth are nearly the same as in other Ampullariidae. The testis is cream-colored and lies in the first three whorls of the spire. Spermiduct uniformly narrow, running to the base of the spire. Seminal vesicle whitish, slightly pressed dorsoventrally. Prostate cylindric and thick, similar in color to the testis. Penis whiplike, with a closed circular spermiduct. Penis pouch ovoid completely envelping the penis. Penis sheath elongated, broad prosimally, tapering distally. Its inner surface shows a longitudinal channel along its proximal half and two glands, one on the middle and the other apical. Ovary composed of branched whitish tubules situated on the surface of the digestive gland. Oviduct slender running along the columellar axis toward the base of the spire. Seminal receptalble tubiform, thick-walled and rounded proximally. Albumen gland large, pink, enclosing the receptacle and the spiral capsule gland. Vestigial male copulatory apparatus (penis and its sheath) present in all females examined.

Thiengo, Silvana Carvalho

1987-12-01

294

ESTADO DE LAS POBLACIONES DE QUITONES (MOLLUSCA: POLYPLACOPHORA) EN ROMPEOLAS ARTIFICIALES DE COVEÑAS, SUCRE, COLOMBIA/ Populations of quitones (Mollusca: Poliplacophora) in artificial seawalls of Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El trabajo se realizó en dos rompeolas en Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia. Los objetivos fueron determinar las especies de quitones presentes ahí y su abundancia, distribución espacial, actividad y aspectos morfológicos, así como el papel de los rompeolas en el incremento de la diversidad biológica. Se midieron factores abióticos y se anotaron otros organismos presentes. Las especies de quitones que se encuentran en los rompeolas de Coveñas, son las mismas que aparecen (more) en el litoral rocoso de regiones cercanas, como el departamento de Córdoba. Las poblaciones de quitones presentaron una abundancia similar a la encontrada en otras regiones naturales del Caribe. Éstos realizan movimientos nocturnos para alimentarse y regresan a los sitios de reposo diurnos una vez concluyen esa actividad. Sus tallas máximas son mayores que las registradas para otras regiones. La distribución espacial agrupada y la asociación en un mismo microhábitat de las diferentes especies de quitones, aunque obedece a la búsqueda de mejores condiciones alimentarias, en el caso de los rompeolas pudiera estar influenciada además por la estructura de los mismos y por la poca amplitud de las mareas, características de esta región. Los rompeolas permiten la presencia de diversas especies que se relacionan entre sí y que no existían allí con anterioridad, luego incrementan la diversidad biológica. Abstract in english The work was conducted in two artificial seawalls in Coveñas, Sucre, Colombia. The objectives were to determine the species of chitons found in that ecosystem and to establish their abundance, spatial distribution, activity and morphological features. The study also sought to investigate the role of seawalls in increasing local biodiversity. We measured abiotic factors and recorded the organisms present. The species of chitons found in Coveñas seawalls are the same that (more) appear in natural rocky shorelines of nearby regions, such as in the department of Cordoba. The populations of chitons are in similar good condition to those found in other natural regions of the Caribbean. Chitons forage at night and return to their resting sites during the day. Average sizes are larger than those reported for other regions. Abiotic factors measured do not appear to affect the annual variations in the abundance of chitons, which may be more related to tidal changes. The aggregated spatial distribution and association in the same microhabitats of different species of chitons seem to be influenced by the structure of seawalls and the limited tidal range, which are characteristic of this region. Seawalls support various interrelated species and thus increase the local biodiversity.

SAMPEDRO-M, ALCIDES C; PRASCA-S, SANDRA M; SUÁREZ-V, DANIELA; ESCOBAR-S, LILIBETH

2012-12-01

295

Estudo do crescimento e da reprodução de Bradybaena similaris (Férussac) (Mollusca, Xanthonychidae) em laboratório/ Growth and reproduction of Bradybaena similaris (Férussac) (Mollusca, Xanthonychidae) in laboratory conditions  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english Biological aspects of Bradybaena similaris (Férussac, 1821) were studied, such as: onset of sexual maturity, occurrence of self-fertilization, oviposition, incubation period, eclosion rate and shell length measurement at different stages of development. It was noted that in isolated B. similaris the minimum and maximum time for reaching sexual maturity were 109 and 180 days, respectively. When kept in groups, the minimum time was 78 days. The occurrence of self-fertiliza (more) tion was observed in 18.4% of specimens. The total number of eggs per oviposition varied from one to 38 (average: 3,5 ± 7,15), the total number of eggs per mollusc varied from one to 39 (average: 7,0 ± 10,21) and the total number of oviposition per mollusc varied form one to six (averege: 2,0 ± 1,27). Thirty ovipositions (894 eggs) were followed and the minimum eclosion time of the young was 14 days, the maximum eclosion time was 35 days and the average 23,69 days. The eclosion average percent was 81,22. As to the shell length in different growth stages, it was observed that in B. similaris the length of the shell was similar until 30 days for age. After this period isolated specimens acquired a greater growth rhythm when compared to that of grouped specimens. The maximum shell length of isolated specimens was 17,4 mm whereas grouped specimens reached 14,5 mm. In this specie, individuals that were kept grouped became sexually mature earlier than isolated ones. Individuals kept isolated reach larger length of shell. In the moment of the sexual maturity, the length of the shell in the individuals tha were kept isolated was smaller than the grouped.

Almeida, Marcelo Nocelle de; Bessa, Elisabeth Cristina de Almeida

2001-12-01

296

Cellular biomarker responses of limpets (Mollusca) as measure of sensitivity to cadmiumcontamination Sellulêre biomerkerresponse as maatstaf van gevoeligheid van klipmossels (Mollusca) vir kadmiumbesoedeling  

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Full Text Available Due to the availability and chemical nature of some heavy metals, sub-lethal toxicant levels may persist in the ocean waters and may cause physiological problems and toxicity in invertebrates and other marine organisms. Although studies of metal concentrations in False Bay showed relatively low mean concentrations of Cd, invertebrates such as molluscs, crustaceans and many other groups are able to accumulate high levels of heavy metals in their tissues and still survive in the heaviest polluted areas. They can accumulate numerous pollutants from natural waters in quantities that are many orders of magnitude higher than background levels. Bioaccumulation ofcadmium in intertidal species could cause stress which may be measurable at the cellular level. A variety of limpet species that may serve as suitable ecotoxicological monitoring species occur in abundance on rocky shores along the South African coastline. The aim of this study was to obtain sensitivity data which could contribute to the selection of a suitable monitoring species and the eventual establishment of a species sensitivity distribution model (SSD) with a biomarker responseas endpoint. The limpets Cymbula oculus, Scutellastra longicosta, Cymbula granatina and Scutellastragranularis as well as water samples were collected at two localities in False Bay, South Africa. Analysis of water and biological samples were done by atomic absorption spectrometry. Exposures were done to three different sublethal concentrations of cadmium in the laboratory in static flow tanks over three days. There was a moderate increase in cadmium body concentrations over time. Results obtained at three exposure concentrations showed no significant differences in metal concentrations between the different C. oculus samples. Significant differences were obtained between the control and the exposure groups for each exposure time except between the control and the 1mg/L CdCl2 exposure group after 24 and 72 hours of exposure. Cd body concentrations(soft tissue) varied between 4.56 and 21.41µg/g (wet mass).Mean Cd concentrations in soft tissue of S. longicosta was considerably lower (varying between 1.18 and 19.58 µg/g Cd ) than in the tissues of C. oculus. The control group differed significantly from the 0.8 and 1 mg/L CdCl2 exposures after 48 and 72 hours. Mean Cd body concentrations in S. granular is were the highest of all exposed species, reaching a level of 148 µg/g Cd at the highest exposure concentration and differed significantly from the means of the other samples of the 0.8 mg/L CdCl2 exposure group after 72 hours and from the 1 mg/L CdCl2 group after 24 hours. Significant differences were also obtained between theCd body concentrations of C. granatina for the three exposure concentrations and three exposure times. Lysosomal membrane integrity was determined for both exposed and control animals, using the neutral red retention assay. Three of the four species showed a significant decrease in retention times with an increase in Cd concentration. Inter-species differences in sensitivity to environmentally relevant cadmium concentrations were reflected in the biomarker responses. Based on reduction of NRR times, the order of relative sensitivity to cadmium was S. granularis >C. oculus> S. longicosta.> C.granatina. Die bioakkumulasie van kadmium in tussengetyspesies kan stres veroorsaak wat op sellulêre vlakmeetbaar is. Verskeie klipmosselspesies kom volop op rotse aan die Suid-Afrikaanse kuslyn vooren kan moontlik vir ekotokiskologiese monitering gebruik word. Die oogmerk van die studie wasom sensitiwiteitsdata te verkry wat kan bydrae tot die kies van ’n geskikte spesie vir monitering endie uiteindelike daarstelling van ’n model vir spesie sensitiwiteitsverspreiding (SSV) wat ’nbiomerkerrespons as eindpunt gebruik. Die klipmossels Cymbula oculus, Scutellastra longicosta,Cymbula granatina en Scutellastra granularis en watermonsters is in Valsbaai versamel. Analisesvan kadmium in water en biologiese monsters is met behulp van atoomabsorpsiespektrofotomet

Koot Reinecke; Werner Schoeman; Sophié Reinecke

2008-01-01

297

Late Maastrichtian-Danian Mytilids and Pinnids (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from Northern Patagonia, Argentina/ Mytílidos y Pínnidos (Mollusca: Bivalvia) del Maastrichtiano Tardío - Daniano del Norte de Patagonia, Argentina  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Las rocas del Cretácico Superior-Paleógeno inferior expuestas en el norte de Patagonia contienen una rica fauna de moluscos cuyo estudio es importante para comprender los cambios paleobiogeográficos y paleoambientales producidos en la región durante el límite K/P. Sin embargo, una porción considerable de esta fauna permanece poco estudiada, probablemente a causa de su pobre preservación. En este trabajo se describen tres especies nuevas de mytílidos (Septifer maya (more) i n. sp., Mytilaster ? edseli n. sp. y Gregariella amara n. sp.) y cuatro especies de pínnidos de las cuales una es nueva (Plesiopinna pampeana n. sp.). Todos los ejemplares provienen de las formaciones Jagüel (Maastrichtiano) y Roca (Maastrichtiano/Daniano) expuestas en las provincias de Río Negro, La Pampa y Mendoza, Argentina. Gregariella amara es la única especie que se registra en el Maastrichtiano y Daniano. Abstract in english The Upper Cretaceous - lower Paleogene rocks from northern Patagonia yield a rich fauna of marine mollusks that may be useful in elucidating paleobiogeographic and paleoenvironmental changes taking place across the K/P boundary in the region. Most of the mollusk faunas remain poorly understood, as the preservation is generally deficient. This paper describes three new species of mytilids (Septifer mayai n. sp., Mytilaster ? edseli n. sp. and Gregariella amara n. sp.), and (more) records four species of pinnids, one of which is new (Plesiopinna pampeana n. sp.). All the material comes from the Maastrichtian Jagüel Formation, and the Maastrichtian/Danian Roca Formation, exposed in the provinces of Río Negro, Mendoza and La Pampa (Argentina). A survey of the stratigraphic distribution of the material described shows that the only Maastrichtian species that survived into the Danian was Gregariella amara.

Griffin, Miguel; Parras, Ana; Casadío, Silvio

2008-03-01

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A comparative study of the Bivalvia (Mollusca) from the continental shelves of Antarctica and Brazil/ Estudo comparativo dos Bivalvia (Mollusca) da plataforma continental da Antártica e do Brasil  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Durante a identificação de moluscos bivalves coletados na Antártica, foi reunida uma rica bibliografia taxonômica, estimulando comparações com a malacofauna do Brasil. Assim, listamos um total de 68 espécies conhecidas para águas rasas (menos de 200 m de profundidade) da Antártica e 368 para o Brasil, procurando encontrar espécies, famílias e superfamílias em comum a ambos os locais, e investigando em que essas malacofaunas diferem em relação aos grupos repr (more) esentados e em relação ao hábito de vida das suas espécies. Vinte e três superfamílias não possuem representantes antárticos, mas estão presentes com pelo menos uma espécie brasileira; o oposto não ocorre, pois todas superfamílias que ocorrem na Antártica também são conhecidas para o Brasil. O número de espécies brasileiras é maior, composto por uma mistura de táxons de diferentes províncias biogeográficas, enquanto na Antártica existem somente poucas espécies adaptadas às condições polares, com uma minoria de representantes de fora da Antártica. Dessa forma, muitas espécies típicas do caribe se distribuem até o Brasil, pertencendo aos diversos Arcoidea, Pectinoidea, Lucinoidea, Cardioidea, Veneroidea e Tellinoidea. Cimentantes Ostreoidea, Plicatuloidea, Dimyoidea, Spondylidae (Pectinoidea) e Chamoidea não estão presentes na Antártica, como também não estão perfuradores de madeira (Teredinidae, Pholadoidea) e de rochas (Pholadidae, Pholadoidea; Gastrochaenoidea; e Lithophaginae, Mytiloidea). É notável o grande número de espécies brasileiras de grupos infaunais (exemplos, Tellinidae, Veneridae, Cardiidae e Mactroidea) e epifaunais (Pectinidae, Mytilidae e Arcidae), que são ausentes ou pobremente representados na Antártica. Nuculanoidea, Limopsoidea, Lucinoidea, Galeommatoidea, Cyamioidea e Cuspidarioidea são os grupos mais ricos em espécies antárticas, alguns deles também sendo especiosos no Brasil, entretanto, em maiores profundidades. Três espécies são registradas para ambos os locais: Limatula pygmaea (Limidae), Lasaea adansoni (Lasaeidae) e Gaimardia trapesina (Gaimardiidae). Através de análises dos grupos, é possível apontar aqueles que são taxonomicamente diversos em uma ou outra fauna, e então enfatizá-los em estudos ecológicos, utilizando-os como "organismos monitores" ou modelos. O presente trabalho pode ser um ponto de partida para futuras discussões sobre a ocorrência de um gradiente latitudinal ao longo da costa leste da América do Sul, estimulando trabalhos sobre mudanças que ocorrem na composição das faunas de bivalves do Brasil, Uruguai, Argentina e Antártica. Abstract in english During identification of bivalve molluscs collected in Antarctica, a rich taxonomic bibliography was gathered, stimulating comparisons with the Brazilian malacofauna. We listed a total of 68 and 368 known shallow-water species (less than 200 m depth) from Antarctica and Brazil, respectively, in order to find species, families and superfamilies in common, and to investigate how these malacofaunas differ in regard to these representative groups and their life habits. There (more) are 23 superfamilies absent in Antarctica, but present in Brazil with at least one species; the reverse does not occur, as all superfamilies known from Antarctica are also recorded from Brazil. The number of Brazilian species is higher, being composed of a mixture of taxa from different biogeographical provinces, whereas in Antarctica there are only a few species adapted to its polar conditions, with minor components from elsewhere. Thus, many typical Caribbean species extend into Brazil, belonging to the diverse Arcoidea, Pectinoidea, Lucinoidea, Cardioidea, Veneroidea, and Tellinoidea. Cemented Ostreoidea, Plicatuloidea, Dimyoidea, Spondylidae (Pectinoidea), and Chamoidea are absent from Antarctica, as are wood (Teredinidae, Pholadoidea) and rock borers (Pholadidae, Pholadoidea; Gastrochaenoidea; and Lithophaginae, Mytiloidea). A large number of Brazilian species of infaunal (

Passos, Flávio Dias; Magalhães, Frederico Thomaisino

2011-03-01

299

Gloquídio de Diplodon martensi (lhering) (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Hyriidae) e seu ciclo parasitário/ The glochidium of Diplodon martensi (lhering) (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Hyriidae) and its parasitic cycle  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english Conchological and anatomical studies of the glochidium of Diplodon martensi (lhering, 1893) were performed on samples collected in a small river, tributary from the Caí River, that belong to the Jacuí River sub-basin in south-eastern Brazil. The parasitic development of the glochidium was observed in laboratory on a small cichlid fish Gymnogeophagus gymnogenys (Hensel, 1870).

Mansur, Maria Cristina Dreher

1999-01-01

300

Development and reproduction in Bulimulus tenuissimus (Mollusca: Bulimulidae) in laboratory/ Padrão de desenvolvimento e aspectos reprodutivos de Bulimulus tenuissimus (Mollusca: Bulimulidae) em condições de laboratório  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Apesar de ser uma espécie de importância parasitológica, não existem estudos sobre a biologia de Bulimulus tenuissimus (d'Orbigny, 1835). O objetivo desse trabalho foi verificar o padrão de crescimento e aspectos reprodutivos dessa espécie em laboratório. Assim, 70 animais recém-eclodidos foram distribuídos em sete grupos, com 10 moluscos cada, por um período de dois anos. Para estes animais foi verificado o padrão de crescimento. A ocorrência de autofecundaç (more) ão foi observada através do isolamento de 73 animais. Por não ter sido verificado autofecundação em um período de 180 dias, 30 animais que estavam em isolamento foram pareados de modo a confirmar a fertilidade destes. Registrou-se o tempo para início da oviposição, número de ovos e de posturas, intervalo entre posturas e taxa de eclosão. Foi verificado um padrão de crescimento indeterminado para a espécie. Os animais mantidos agrupados iniciaram a oviposição mais cedo, produziram mais ovos e apresentaram maior eclodibilidade do que os demais grupos. A espécie é capaz de realizar autofecundação, porém um menor sucesso reprodutivo é obtido nesse processo. Os indivíduos de B. tenuissimus apresentaram um período reprodutivo bem definido que parece ser característico para a espécie. Abstract in english Bulimulus tenuissimus (d'Orbigny, 1835) is a land snail of parasitological importance with a poorly understood biology. The goal of this laboratory study was to determine development and reproductive patterns in B. tenuissimus. Recently hatched individuals in seven groups of 10 were maintained in the laboratory for two years. To test for self-fertilization, 73 additional individuals were isolated. After 180 days the isolated snails showed no signs of reproduction. Subsequ (more) ently, 30 of these snails were paired to test fertility. We noted the date and time of egg-laying, the number of eggs produced, the number of egg-layings per individual, the incubation period and hatch success. This species shows indeterminate growth. Individuals that were maintained with others, as compared to isolated individuals, laid eggs sooner, laid more eggs and had a greater hatching success. This species can self-fertilize, however, with lower reproductive success. Bulimulus tenuissimus has a well-defined reproductive period that is apparently characteristic for this species.

Silva, Lidiane C.; Meireles, Liliane M. O.; Junqueira, Flávia O.; Bessa, Elisabeth C. A.

2008-06-01

 
 
 
 
301

Development and reproduction in Bulimulus tenuissimus (Mollusca: Bulimulidae) in laboratory Padrão de desenvolvimento e aspectos reprodutivos de Bulimulus tenuissimus (Mollusca: Bulimulidae) em condições de laboratório  

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Full Text Available Bulimulus tenuissimus (d'Orbigny, 1835) is a land snail of parasitological importance with a poorly understood biology. The goal of this laboratory study was to determine development and reproductive patterns in B. tenuissimus. Recently hatched individuals in seven groups of 10 were maintained in the laboratory for two years. To test for self-fertilization, 73 additional individuals were isolated. After 180 days the isolated snails showed no signs of reproduction. Subsequently, 30 of these snails were paired to test fertility. We noted the date and time of egg-laying, the number of eggs produced, the number of egg-layings per individual, the incubation period and hatch success. This species shows indeterminate growth. Individuals that were maintained with others, as compared to isolated individuals, laid eggs sooner, laid more eggs and had a greater hatching success. This species can self-fertilize, however, with lower reproductive success. Bulimulus tenuissimus has a well-defined reproductive period that is apparently characteristic for this species.Apesar de ser uma espécie de importância parasitológica, não existem estudos sobre a biologia de Bulimulus tenuissimus (d'Orbigny, 1835). O objetivo desse trabalho foi verificar o padrão de crescimento e aspectos reprodutivos dessa espécie em laboratório. Assim, 70 animais recém-eclodidos foram distribuídos em sete grupos, com 10 moluscos cada, por um período de dois anos. Para estes animais foi verificado o padrão de crescimento. A ocorrência de autofecundação foi observada através do isolamento de 73 animais. Por não ter sido verificado autofecundação em um período de 180 dias, 30 animais que estavam em isolamento foram pareados de modo a confirmar a fertilidade destes. Registrou-se o tempo para início da oviposição, número de ovos e de posturas, intervalo entre posturas e taxa de eclosão. Foi verificado um padrão de crescimento indeterminado para a espécie. Os animais mantidos agrupados iniciaram a oviposição mais cedo, produziram mais ovos e apresentaram maior eclodibilidade do que os demais grupos. A espécie é capaz de realizar autofecundação, porém um menor sucesso reprodutivo é obtido nesse processo. Os indivíduos de B. tenuissimus apresentaram um período reprodutivo bem definido que parece ser característico para a espécie.

Lidiane C. Silva; Liliane M. O. Meireles; Flávia O. Junqueira; Elisabeth C. A. Bessa

2008-01-01

302

Especies nuevas del género Gibberula (Mollusca: Cystiscidae) de Cuba y Venezuela New species of the genus Gibberula (Mollusca: Cystiscidae) from Cuba and Venezuela  

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Full Text Available Se describen 3 especies nuevas de moluscos marinos: Gibberula palmasola sp. n., recolectada en la vegetación asociada a rocas rodeadas de sedimentos blandos en una laguna costera cercada por mangle en la península de Guanahacabibes, Cuba, y caracterizada por presentar, el animal vivo, la cabeza negra y una distribución típica de bandas negras y pardas con lunares anaranjados en el manto bajo la concha; Gibberula dosmosquises sp. n., recolectada en fondos rocosos del Caribe insular de Venezuela, se caracteriza por una discreta coloración del manto y un patrón de manchas en el pie, y Gibberula thetisae sp. n, proveniente de los pastos marinos del golfo de Batabanó, Cuba, con 3 pliegues en la columela, el último muy débil, y un labio externo casi cortante, caracteres que permiten separarla de todas las demás especies conocidas en el área antillana, aunque se desconozca la anatomía del animal. Se discute la lista de especies válidas del género para Cuba y Venezuela, y se hacen adiciones y consideraciones al complejo de especies en torno a Gibberula ubitaensis Espinosa y Ortea, 2000.Three new species of marine molluscs are described. Gibberula palmasola new species, collected in vegetation associated with rocks surrounded by soft sediments in a coastal lagoon surrounded by mangroves in Guanahacabibes Peninsula, Cuba, and characterized by a black head and typical distribution of black and brown bands and orange spots in the mantle. Gibberula dosmosquises new species, collected in rocky bottoms of a Caribbean island from Venezuela, characterized by a simple staining in the mantle and a pattern of spots on the foot, and Gibberula thetisae new species, from sea grass in the gulf of Batabano, Cuba, with shell having 3 columellar folds, the last very weak, and a sharp outer lip; although, its anatomy is not known, these conchological characters separate it from all other known species in the Antilles. Aditionally, the list of valid species for Cuba and Venezuela is discussed and some considerations about Gibberula ubitaensis Espinosa y Ortea, 2000 species complex are given.

José Espinosa; Jesús Ortea; Manuel Caballer

2011-01-01

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Faunistics (marine animals) : Porifera, Cnidaria, "Lower" worms, Annelida, "Gephyrea", Crustacea, Arthropoda, Mollusca-1, Mollusca-2, Tentaculata, Echinodermata, Deuterostomia. (About 570 species).  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

These PowerPoint files are compiled from various sources: Internet, field guides, scientific monographs, textbooks, my own photos and drawings, etc. I have no copyright or permission to use most of the illustrations. The file is therefore only intended for internal use within the Marine Biology course. Please, do not put it on Internet or distribute it by any means.     The reason for me to create this file is to facilitate the learning of species. We do not have enough time for field and laboratory work to allow students to learn to know the most important species by that method. We hope that the students will use the files as a preparation before the practicals.     Each slide in the files contain text, references to two books (see below), illustration(s) of a species and the name of that species. You are recommended to run the file in the slide show mode (Slide Show menue: View Show; or press the button (        ) in the lower left corner of the screen). If you do this, the contents of each slide will appear without the species name. Next time the return button is pressed the name will appear. Next time return is pressed, the following species will appear, etc. (Text covering characters for identification have only been included for about a quarter of the species only, because of lack of time).     These files contain information of about 570 species of marine invertebrates found in the waters around Denmark. They should be the most common species. Which species should be selected for files like these? It is a difficult question and it could always be argued that additional species should be included, but I had to define the limit somewhere. I decided to include the species in the two books stated below, plus a few more. The files were made on a Macintosh computer (PowerBook G4) with the programme PowerPoint X for Mac® Service Release 1.     Comments and suggestions are welcome from students and colleagues. HD&P = Køie, Kristiansen & Weitemeyer, Havets dyr og planter. DN = Danmarks Natur, vol. 3, Havet     Tomas Cedhagen, Department of Marine Ecology, University of Aarhus, Finlandsgade 14, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Email: cedhagen@biology.au.dk Fysisk medie: CD

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The interference of methods in the collection of teredinids (Mollusca, Bivalvia) in mangrove habitats Interferência de métodos na coleta de teredinídios (Mollusca, Bivalvia) em habitats de manguezais  

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Full Text Available In the estuary of the Mamanguape River (Paraíba, Brazil), a new collection technique was developed and applied with virgin poles of mangrove trees Avicennia schaueriana (Verbenaceae), Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae), and Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae), taking into account wood preference, water salinity and depth influence during teredinid larval settlement. Sets of poles were vertically fixed in the riverbed at three sites along a decreasing salinity gradient, where they stayed for four months. The poles were collected and divided into upper, median, and lower segments, in agreement with different immersion regimes. An increase of 239% was obtained in the number of individuals when compared to a previous study in the same area using a different methodology. The species Teredo bartschi (Clapp, 1923), Nausitora fusticula (Jeffreys, 1860) and Bankia fimbriatula Moll & Roch, 1931 were registered in both studies, and the species Psiloteredo healdi (Bartsch, 1931) is here registered for the first time as occurring in that estuary. The species Neoteredo reynei (Bartsch, 1920), previously registered on tree branches of the mangrove habitat, was not found in the present work. Bankia fimbriatula, the most abundant species, did not show preference for any substratum but occurred significantly on the lower segment of the poles. N. fusticula, second in abundance, preferred to settle on poles of A. schaueriana and on any of the three segments. Aiming to assess the habitat variations, a more accurate study on teredinids diversity in mangrove ecosystems should be performed through a concomitant analysis from tree branches of the mangrove habitat, as well as from poles of mangrove trees or panels made of pine wood or mangrove trees wood. These collection devices should be maintained along a decreasing salinity gradient exposed to different tide levels.Contemplando a preferência pelo tipo de madeira, a influência da profundidade e da salinidade durante assentamento larval de teredinídeos, uma nova técnica de coleta foi aplicada e desenvolvida no estuário do rio Mamanguape (Paraíba, Brasil), utilizando varas virgens de três espécies de árvores do manguezal: Avicennia schaueriana (Verbenaceae), Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae) e Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae). Em três estações demarcadas ao longo do gradiente decrescente de salinidade, conjuntos de varas foram verticalmente fixados nas margens do rio. Após quatro meses, as varas eram coletadas e divididas em três segmentos (superior, médio e inferior), de acordo com os regimes de imersão a que foram submetidas. Comparativamente aos dados obtidos por um estudo anterior na mesma área, com outras metodologias de coleta, foi obtido um aumento de 239% no número de indivíduos coletados com a nova técnica. Embora as espécies Teredo bartschi (Clapp, 1923), Nausitora fusticula (Jeffreys, 1860) e Bankia fimbriatula Moll & Roch, 1931 tenham ocorrido nos dois estudos, o teredinídeo Psiloteredo healdi (Bartsch, 1931) tem sua presença registrada pela primeira vez neste estuário. Tendo sido previamente registrada em ramos de árvores do manguezal, Neoteredo reynei (Bartsch, 1920) não foi coletada no presente trabalho. Sendo a espécie mais abundante, B. fimbriatula não mostrou preferência de assentamento em nenhum dos substratos, ocorrendo significativamente associada ao segmento inferior das varas. Como segunda espécie mais abundante, N. fusticula mostrou preferência significativa de assentamento em A. schaueriana, ocorrendo indistintamente nos três segmentos das varas. Visando contemplar as variações do habitat e obter maior precisão de resultados, é recomendável que em estudos sobre a diversidade de teredinídeos, sejam incluídas análises concomitantes de troncos e ramos das árvores, com o uso de varas de árvores do manguezal ou de coletores artificiais feitos com pinho ou madeira de árvores do manguezal. Os coletores devem ser mantidos ao longo do gradiente de salinidade e expostos aos diferentes níveis das marés.

Rosa M. V. Leonel; Sônia G. B. C. Lopes; Daniela T. de Moraes; Marcos Aversari

2006-01-01

305

Microscopic Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System in Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda)/ Anatomía Microscópica del Sistema Reproductor Masculino de Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), representante gonocórico de Littorinidae en el Pacífico Sur, tiene un sistema reproductor masculino adaptado para la fecundacion interna, que en este estudio se describe a niveles macrocoscópico y microscópico; enfatizando la organizacion compartimentalizada de la gónada y la morfología del pene. El sistema reproductor masculino se presenta como un complejo cónico gónada-glándula digestiva abigarrado. La gónada presenta (more) tres compartimientos: 1) gametogénico acinar entre los acinos glandulares, 2) periacinar con una capa de células somáticas fusiformes y 3) interacinar con células almacenadoras de glicógeno, compartido con los acinos glandulares. En el compartimiento gametogénico acinar ocurre la espermatogénesis con la línea germinal organizada en forma centrípeta hacia el lumen. Hacia anterior, la vesícula seminal almacena los productos de la espermatogénesis; en su region cefálica los euespermatozoides se unen al epitelio y los paraespermatozoides se distribuyen en el lumen. Este órgano se conecta con un conducto corto a la glándula prostática, abierta hacia la cavidad paleal en toda su longitud. La zona anterior de la glándula prostática se une al surco espermático cervical, que recorre el cuello del animal por la region paleal derecha; éste continúa como surco espermático peniano ascendiendo desde su base hasta la punta. El pene es cónico aguzado no pigmentado; hacia anterior adyacente a su base, hay un complejo glandular con un proceso mamiliforme y una region glandular discoidal. Su producto de secrecion sería una espícula de funcion desconocida, cuya histología es descrita por primera vez. En este complejo glandular, el proceso mamiliforme está constituido por la proyección espicular y una banda conjuntivo-muscular que lo rodea y separa de la region glandular folicular discoidal; su secrecion atraviesa dicha banda, incorporándose al epitelio de revestimiento interno del proceso. Abstract in english Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), a gonochoric representative of the Littorinidae on the SE Pacific coast, has a male reproductive system adapted for internal fertilization. We describe this system at both macro- and microscopic levéis, particularly the compartmentalized organization of the gonad, and the morphology of the penis. The male reproductive system has a variegated conical gonad-digestive gland complex. The gonad presents three compartments, 1) gametog (more) enic acinar among the glandular acini, 2) periacinar with a layer of fusiform somatic cells and, 3) interacinar with glycogen storage cells shared with glandular acini. Spermatogenesis occurs within the acinar gametogenic compartment, with the germinal line organized in centripetal form towards the lumen. The seminal vesicle stores the products of spermatogenesis; in its cephalic region the euspermatozoa are united to the epithelium and the paraspermatozoa are distributed in the lumen. A short duct connects the seminal vesicle to the prostate gland that is open to the pallial cavity over its entire length. The anterior zone of the prostate gland is joined to the cervical spermatic groove that runs along the neck of the snail through the right pallial region ; this continúes as the penile spermatic groove, ascending from the base to the point of the penis. The penis is acutely conical and unpigmented; towards the anterior and adjacent to its base there is a glandular complex with a mamilliform process and a discoidal glandular region . The secretion from the discoidal region is transformed in a spicule of unknown function, whose histology is described here for the first time. The mamilliform process is formed by the spicular projection and a connective-muscle tissue band which surrounds it and separates it from the discoidal follicular glandular region ; the follicular secretion crosses this band and is incorporated into the epithelium which lines the interior of the process.

Castillo, Viviana M; Brown, Donald I

2008-06-01

306

Análisis tafonómico de quitones (Polyplacophora: Mollusca) holocenos de Tierra del Fuego, Argentina/ Taphonomic analysis of Holocene chitons (Polyplacophora: Mollusca) from Tierra del Fuego, Argentina  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el Holoceno marino de Tierra del Fuego los quitones representan una fracción menor dentro de las asociaciones de moluscos, principalmente formadas por bivalvos y gastrópodos. En este trabajo se analizan las razones de su escasa abundancia relativa. El análisis de sus atributos tafonómicos y paleontológicos indica que la condición tafonómica de una placa de quitón es el resultado de una combinación de factores biológicos, ecológicos y ambientales. Se concluye (more) que los quitones constituyen buenos indicadores paleoecológicos y paleoambientales, ya que mantienen fidelidad ecológica respecto a las paleocomunidades de las cuales derivan, y también permiten evaluar los procesos post-mortem ocurridos hasta su descubrimiento. Abstract in english Chitons from the marine Holocene of Tierra del Fuego represent a minor fraction of the mollusc assemblages, mostly composed of bivalves and gastropods. The reasons of their limited relative abundance are considered in this work. The analysis of their taphonomic and paleontologic attributes indicates that the taphonomic condition on a chiton plate is the result of a combination of biological, ecological and environmental factors. It is concluded that chitons are good paleo (more) ecological and paleoenvironmental indicators, since they maintain ecological fidelity with respect to their original paleocommunities and they are suitable to evaluate the post-mortem events that took place up to they are found within the fossil record.

Gordillo, Sandra

2007-06-01

307

M?kkýši (Mollusca) hrad? jako ekologického fenoménu (?eská republika) Molluscs (Mollusca) of castles as an ecological phenomenon (Czech Republic)  

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Full Text Available Molluscan communities were studied at 123 castles in the Czech Republic. Altogether 70 % of the land snails of the Czech Republic were found at these sites. A complete literature review on castle-related molluscan fauna was performed for the Czech Republic. Castes represent significant refuges for many species, as indicated by the high species diversity and the presence of rare (21 % of Red List species) and geographically isolated species (26 % of all species). Castles present a characteristic set of island habitats markedly differing from the surrounding landscape. Castes can be considered as man-made ecological phenomena.

Lucie Ju?i?ková

2005-01-01

308

Dos nuevas especies del género Volvarina Hinds, 1844 (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Marginellidae) de Venezuela/ Two new species of the genus Volvarina Hinds, 1844 (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Marginellidae) from Venezuela  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Dos especies del género Volvarina Hinds, 1844 fueron recolectadas vivas en isla La Tortuga (Venezuela) durante el año 2008. Ninguna de ellas corresponde con la descripción de las especies conocidas hasta la fecha, por ello se describen como nuevas para la ciencia en este trabajo. Volvarina ivic, especie nueva, se caracteriza por tener los cuatro pliegues columelares alineados por pares y por la forma y el patrón de color de la concha con tres bandas espirales rosa par (more) do, la última de las cuales es muy ancha y se bifurca, además del patrón de manchas blancas en el pie del animal vivo. Volvarina latortuga, especie nueva, se caracteriza por la palidez, la forma y el pequeño tamaño de su concha con tres bandas espirales pardo amarillentas indivisas y por los cuatro pliegues columelares paralelos entre sí. Abstract in english Two species of the genus Volvarina Hinds, 1844 were collected alive in La Tortuga Island (Venezuela) during the year 2008. None of them fit in the original description of the species of the genus known to date, so they are described as new in this work. Volvarina ivic, new species is characterized by four columellar folds, aligned in pairs, and by the shape and the color pattern of the shell, with three spiral dark pink bands, the latest of which is very wide and bifurcat (more) ed and also by the pattern of white spots observed in the foot of the living animal. Volvarina latortuga, new species, its characterized by the shape and the small size of its pale shell that has three undivided dark yellow spiral bands and four parallel columellar folds.

Caballer, Manuel; Espinosa, José; Ortea, Jesús

2009-12-01

309

Microscopic Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System in Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda) Anatomía Microscópica del Sistema Reproductor Masculino de Echinolittorina peruviana (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda)  

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Full Text Available Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), a gonochoric representative of the Littorinidae on the SE Pacific coast, has a male reproductive system adapted for internal fertilization. We describe this system at both macro- and microscopic levéis, particularly the compartmentalized organization of the gonad, and the morphology of the penis. The male reproductive system has a variegated conical gonad-digestive gland complex. The gonad presents three compartments, 1) gametogenic acinar among the glandular acini, 2) periacinar with a layer of fusiform somatic cells and, 3) interacinar with glycogen storage cells shared with glandular acini. Spermatogenesis occurs within the acinar gametogenic compartment, with the germinal line organized in centripetal form towards the lumen. The seminal vesicle stores the products of spermatogenesis; in its cephalic region the euspermatozoa are united to the epithelium and the paraspermatozoa are distributed in the lumen. A short duct connects the seminal vesicle to the prostate gland that is open to the pallial cavity over its entire length. The anterior zone of the prostate gland is joined to the cervical spermatic groove that runs along the neck of the snail through the right pallial region ; this continúes as the penile spermatic groove, ascending from the base to the point of the penis. The penis is acutely conical and unpigmented; towards the anterior and adjacent to its base there is a glandular complex with a mamilliform process and a discoidal glandular region . The secretion from the discoidal region is transformed in a spicule of unknown function, whose histology is described here for the first time. The mamilliform process is formed by the spicular projection and a connective-muscle tissue band which surrounds it and separates it from the discoidal follicular glandular region ; the follicular secretion crosses this band and is incorporated into the epithelium which lines the interior of the process.Echinolittorina peruviana (Lamarck, 1822), representante gonocórico de Littorinidae en el Pacífico Sur, tiene un sistema reproductor masculino adaptado para la fecundacion interna, que en este estudio se describe a niveles macrocoscópico y microscópico; enfatizando la organizacion compartimentalizada de la gónada y la morfología del pene. El sistema reproductor masculino se presenta como un complejo cónico gónada-glándula digestiva abigarrado. La gónada presenta tres compartimientos: 1) gametogénico acinar entre los acinos glandulares, 2) periacinar con una capa de células somáticas fusiformes y 3) interacinar con células almacenadoras de glicógeno, compartido con los acinos glandulares. En el compartimiento gametogénico acinar ocurre la espermatogénesis con la línea germinal organizada en forma centrípeta hacia el lumen. Hacia anterior, la vesícula seminal almacena los productos de la espermatogénesis; en su region cefálica los euespermatozoides se unen al epitelio y los paraespermatozoides se distribuyen en el lumen. Este órgano se conecta con un conducto corto a la glándula prostática, abierta hacia la cavidad paleal en toda su longitud. La zona anterior de la glándula prostática se une al surco espermático cervical, que recorre el cuello del animal por la region paleal derecha; éste continúa como surco espermático peniano ascendiendo desde su base hasta la punta. El pene es cónico aguzado no pigmentado; hacia anterior adyacente a su base, hay un complejo glandular con un proceso mamiliforme y una region glandular discoidal. Su producto de secrecion sería una espícula de funcion desconocida, cuya histología es descrita por primera vez. En este complejo glandular, el proceso mamiliforme está constituido por la proyección espicular y una banda conjuntivo-muscular que lo rodea y separa de la region glandular folicular discoidal; su secrecion atraviesa dicha banda, incorporándose al epitelio de revestimiento interno del proceso.

Viviana M Castillo; Donald I Brown

2008-01-01

310

Squid catches (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) by industrialfishing landed in Santos: comparison after 4 decades. Captura de lulas (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) pela pesca industrial desembarcada em Santos: Comparação após 4 décadas.  

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Full Text Available Analysis of the temporal variation of fishery resources’ landed catch is essential to monitor changes and alterations inthe fisheries and related aquatic ecosystems. Thus, analyzing catches after 4 decades represents a comparisonbetween an initial industrial fishing off Southeastern Brazil and a present exploitation phase, considered as decline, andis particularly uncommon due to the atypical data availability. Through the analysis of 1959 and 1999 Santos landing data,this study aims to identify: (a) fleets and gears where squids occurred, with related proportions, (b) differences in thesquid’s fishery between the two periods, and (c) squids fishing grounds used by the industrial fleets in both periods.Squids were caught by pink-shrimp bottom-trawlers, but also occurred in the sea-bob shrimp fleet, pair-bottom trawlersand purse-seiners, especially in 1959. Differences between both periods can be clearly seen. In 1959, squid fishingareas were more restricted and in lower depths, and in 1999, the areas were broader and deeper. The decrease offishing boats, and the significant increase of squids catch volume can be verified, where its relative abundance (kg/tow)was 400 times greater in 1999, showing a great availability increase of those resources in the later period or differenceson exploitation technology between periods. The existence of both “bottom-up” control mechanism (oceanographicvariation-recruitment-fishery production) within the fishery ecosystem, and “top-down” control (fishermen-fisheries-structure of marine communities) should be taken into account in the interpretation on the squids abundance variation. Analysis of the temporal variation of fishery resources’ landed catch is essential to monitor changes and alterations inthe fisheries and related aquatic ecosystems. Thus, analyzing catches after 4 decades represents a comparisonbetween an initial industrial fishing off Southeastern Brazil and a present exploitation phase, considered as decline, andis particularly uncommon due to the atypical data availability. Through the analysis of 1959 and 1999 Santos landing data,this study aims to identify: (a) fleets and gears where squids occurred, with related proportions, (b) differences in thesquid’s fishery between the two periods, and (c) squids fishing grounds used by the industrial fleets in both periods.Squids were caught by pink-shrimp bottom-trawlers, but also occurred in the sea-bob shrimp fleet, pair-bottom trawlersand purse-seiners, especially in 1959. Differences between both periods can be clearly seen. In 1959, squid fishingareas were more restricted and in lower depths, and in 1999, the areas were broader and deeper. The decrease offishing boats, and the significant increase of squids catch volume can be verified, where its relative abundance (kg/tow)was 400 times greater in 1999, showing a great availability increase of those resources in the later period or differenceson exploitation technology between periods. The existence of both “bottom-up” control mechanism (oceanographicvariation-recruitment-fishery production) within the fishery ecosystem, and “top-down” control (fishermen-fisheries-structure of marine communities) should be taken into account in the interpretation on the squids abundance variation.

M. A. Gasalla; F. A. Postuma; A. R. G. Tomás

2005-01-01

311

New records of Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881) (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) from Brazil/ Novos registros de Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881) (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) para o Brasil  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Espécimes de Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881) foram obtidos em águas profundas da costa dos Estados de Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo, e suas conchas descritas, ilustradas e comparadas com descrições e ilustrações obtidas da literatura. A espécie possui concha pequena, fortemente inequilateral, com valvas de contorno trapezoidal e expandidas ventro-posteriormente; os umbos são localizados aproximadamente no terço anterior do comprimento da linha da charneira, que é (more) reta. A escultura externa consiste de linhas concêntricas, irregularmente espaçadas, interceptadas por estrias radiais finas; o perióstraco é piloso, formando uma cobertura semelhante a sapé. Os dentes da charneira são pequenos, dispostos em duas séries interrompidas pelo ligamento. Com este registro feito a partir de espécimes vivos provenientes da Bacia de Campos, a distribuição geográfica de B. asperula pode ser então estendida na costa brasileira, confirmando sua larga ocorrência no Oceano Atlântico. Abstract in english Specimens of Bentharca asperula (Dall, 1881) were obtained from deep waters of the coasts of the Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo States, and their shells described, illustrated and compared with descriptions and illustrations obtained from the literature. This species has a small strongly inequilateral shell, trapezoidal in outline and expanded ventro-posteriorly; their umbos are placed at about 1/3 of the anterior length of their straight hinge line. The external sculpture (more) consists of irregular spaced concentric ridges, intercepted by fine radiating striae; the periostracum is hairy, forming a cover as a thatch. Hinge teeth are small, disposed in two series interrupted by the ligament. With this finding of living specimens from the Bacia de Campos, the distribution of B. asperula can now be extended in the Brazilian coast, confirming its wide spread in the Atlantic Ocean.

Passos, Flávio Dias; Birman, Adolpho

2009-12-01

312

Verspreiding en habitats van Ceratophallus natalensis (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in Suid-Afrika Distribution and habitats of Ceratophallus natalensis (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in South Africa  

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Full Text Available Hierdie artikel handel oor die geografiese verspreiding en habitats van Ceratophallus natalensis soos weerspieël deur die 1 797 monsters wat tans in die databasis van die Nasionale Varswater- slakversameling (NVWSV) opgeneem is. Hierdie spesie is in al 14 verskillende waterliggaamtipes wat in die databasis verteenwoordig word, aangetref. Die grootste getal monsters was afkomstig van damme, spruite en riviere. Habitats met standhoudende, stilstaande en varswater waarvan die substratum oorwegend uit modder bestaan het, was die beste verteenwoordig. Die resultate van ’n geïntegreerde besluitnemingsboom- en effekgrootte-analise het getoon dat temperatuur, hoogte bo seevlak en waterliggame as sodanig, ’n deurslaggewende rol in die gedokumenteerde geografiese verspreiding van hierdie spesie in Suid-Afrika gespeel het. ’n Temperatuurindeks wat bereken is, het getoon dat C. natalensis ook goed toegerus is om habitats in die koeler streke van Suid-Afrika te bevolk. Gesien in die lig van die wye geografiese verspreiding van hierdie spesie in hierdie land en dat dit elders in Afrika bevind is dat dit serkarieë van verskeie helmintspesies onder natuurlike toestande kan vrystel, word dit aanbeveel dat sy rol as tussengasheer in Suid-Afrika deeglik ondersoek behoort te word.Species of the genus Ceratophallus are known only from some islands in the western Indian Ocean and Africa, where they occur in Eritrea and the area extending southwards and westwards into the Western Cape of South Africa. The most recent classification recognises nine species of this genus of which only two, namely Ceratophallus natalensis (Krauss) and Ceratophallus gibbonsi (Nelson) occur in South Africa. Although partially sympatric, C. gibbonsi is largely associated with a tropical climate and perennial water-bodies while C. natalensis is fairly common in cooler areas and are often found in ephemeral rain pools. This article focuses on the geographical distribution and habitats of C. natalensis, the most widespread species of the genus, as reflected by the data on record in the National Freshwater Snail Collection (NFSC). Details pertaining to the habitats of 1 797 samples of C. natalensis as recorded at the time of collection were extracted from the database of the NFSC. In view of the finding of Brown1 that C. natalensis and C. gibbonsi are partly sympatric, but that the latter is associated with fully tropical climatic areas, samples of Ceratophallus collected in loci ( 1 / 16 th square degrees) that fall within the altitude interval ranging from 0-500 m, were selected for closer investigation. A number of 153 samples from 64 loci falling within this altitude interval was subsequently identified as C. natalensis. The number of loci in which the 1 797 collection sites were located, was distributed in intervals of mean annual air temperature and rainfall, as well as intervals of mean altitude, to illustrate the frequency of occurrence within specific intervals. A temperature index was calculated for all mollusc species in the database from their frequencies of occurrence within selected temperature intervals and the results were used to rank them in order of their association with low to high climatic temperatures. Chi-square values were calculated to evaluate the significance of the difference between the frequency of occurrence in, on, or at the different options for each variable. Additionally, an effect size value was calculated to determine the significance of the effect of all the different variables discussed in this paper on the geographical distribution of C. natalensis in South Africa. A multivariate analysis in the form of a decision tree was also constructed. This is a statistical model that enables the selection and ranking of those variables that can maximally discriminate between the frequency of occurrence of a given species under specific conditions as compared to all other mollusc species in the database.The 1 797 samples of C. natalensis of which the collection sites could be located on a 1:250 000 topo-cadastral

K. N. de Kock

2007-01-01

313

Kadmium in Valsbaai: moniteringspotensiaal van die mariene slak, Oxystele tigrina (Mollusca) Cadmium in False Bay: Monitoring potential of the marine snail, Oxystele tigrina (Mollusca)  

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Full Text Available n Opname is onderneem van die kadmiumvlakke in die tussengetygebied van Valsbaai, Suid-Afrika. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is seisoenaal bepaal in die water en sediment in verskillende lokaliteite. Die metings is oor ’n periode van een jaar gedoen deur seisoenaal monsters te versamel by ses verskillende versamelpunte in en een buite die baai. Dit is met behulp van atoom-absorpsiespektrofotometrie ontleed vir kadmium en die hoogste kontaminasievlakke is by die noordelike kusstreek gevind tussen Strand en Muizenberg waar die digsbevolkte gebiede en die eeste industriële aktiwiteit voorkom. Betekenisvolle variasie in konsentrasies van kadmium het seisoenaal en ruimtelik voorgekom. Die gemiddelde konsentrasies in die water en sediment was in sommige gevalle effens hoër as die vlakke wat deur die Suid-Afrikaanse waterkwalitetis-riglyne aanbeveel is. Kadmiumkonsentrasies is ook in versamelde eksemplare van die mariene slak Oxystele tigrina vir verskillende seisoene vir drie lokaliteite bepaal. Laboratoriumeksperimente is uitgevoer om die opname, akkumulasie en verlies van kadmium in verskillende organe van die tussen-getyslak, Oxystele tigrina te ondersoek. Weefselspesi? eke kadmiumkonsentrasies in kontrole- sowel as blootgestelde lewende eksemplare is vergelyk oor ’n blootstellingsperiode van veertien dae. Die eksperimentele slakke is aan twee subletale konsentrasies van onderskeidelik 0.20 en 0.40 µg/ml watergedraagde kadmium in die vorm van CdCl 2 blootgestel. Die proefdiere is gereeld gemonitor en kadmiumkonsentrasies is in verskillende organe, na suurvertering, atoomabsorpsie-spektrofotometries bepaal. Die resultate het ’n algemene toename van kadmium in die liggame van die slakke uitgewys. Kadmium is in variërende konsentrasies in alle weefsel gevind. ’n Ongeveer liniêre patroon van akkumulasie het aangetoon dat die metaal waarskynlik nie deur O. tigrina gereguleer is nie. Die metaal se teenwoordigheid het verskil tussen die sagteweefsel en skulp op so ’n wyse dat die sagteweefsel normaalweg ’n hoër opnamekoers van die kadmium weerspieël het. Nadat die blootgestelde organismes in kadmiumvrye seewater oorgeplaas is, het gedeeltelike kadmiumverlies wel plaasgevind. Die variasie in kadmiumverlies van die verskillende organe dui moontlik daarop dat slegs ’n gedeelte van die geakkumuleerde kadmium sterk gebind was in sekere weefsels of organe. Die behoud van kadmium in beide sediment en diereliggame was sodanig dat afgelei kan word dat kadmium teen huidige omgewingskonsentrasies in sekere dele van Valsbaai, wat algemeen as laag beskou word, steeds met verloop van tyd in hierdie tussengetydiere kan akkumuleer tot vlakke wat nadelig is vir die spesies self, maar ook vir hulle redatore. Dit sal veral kan gebeur indien ? siese toestande verander om die biobeskikbaarheid te verhoog.Cadmium contamination levels in the False Bay intertidal zone in South Africa were assessed in the water and sediments over a period of one year. Samples were collected seasonally from six sites within the bay, and from a reference site situated just outside the eastern arm of False Bay in order to obtain a general overview of contamination levels to which invertebrates in the coastal areas are exposed. The results from the chemical analyses of water and sediment samples revealed that most contamination was associated with the northern shore of the bay between Strand and Muizenberg, where the most populated and industrialised catchments occur. The high contamination factors calculated for Cd for sediments from some sites suggested a strong input of industrial and other discharges containing this heavy metal. There were signi? cant seasonal and spatial differences in the cadmium concentrations, with spatial variations indicating localised contamination, while seasonal variations were assumed to be predominantly related to changes in precipitation and runoff at different times of the year. The mean cadmium concentrations in the water and sediments were occasionally higher than the levels recommended by the South Afr

Koot Reinecke; Naomi Mdzeke; Sophié Reinecke

2009-01-01

314

Características físicas e químicas do habitat da Biomphalaria tenagophila (Mollusca, Planorbidae)/ Physical and chemical characteristics of the habitat of Biomphalaria tenagophila (Mollusca, Planorbidae)  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Foram realizadas mensalmente, através de conchadas aleatórias, coletas de caramujos e de água, em uma pequena represa, visando a contribuir para o conhecimento das características físico-químicas da água e sua possível influência sobre alguns parâmetros, biológicos. Dos 17 fatores analisados, a Alcalinidade e a Condutividade se mostraram positivamente correlacionadas com a densidade de B. tenagophila (r = +0,224 e +0,290), enquanto que CO2 e Acidez se correlaci (more) onaram negativamente com densidade (r = -0,592 e -0,601). Alcalinidade e Dureza Total apresentaram valores um pouco acima de 100 mg/l de CaCO3; Condutividade e Cloretos, teores considerados altos para a região (680,1 ± 64,3micronS/cm e 94,9 ± 38,7 mg/l). Os demais fatores, como pH e OD, estiveram dentro dos padrões de águas brutas de abastecimento. As densidades de B. tenagophila foram mais baixas nos seis meses subseqüentes a um longo período de chuvas tortenciais (12 a 30 caramujos/ 90 conchadas/mês) e nos verões chuvosos. Nos meses mais frios de 1980 foram mais elevadas. Os diâmetros médios mensais foram sempre superiores a 13 mm, chegando a 21,4 ± 4,1 mm; mas a média da maioria dos meses girou em torno de 17 mm. Não houve correlação diâmetro/densidade (r = 0,037), nem densidade/temperatura (r = 0,065). Abstract in english Samples of water and snails collected through aleatory scoops in a small dam were done to obtain data concerning the physical and chemical characteristics of the water and their possible influence on biological aspects of the life cycle of snails. Among the 17 analysed parameters, Alkalinity and Conductivity showed a positive correlation with the density of B. tenagophila (r = +0.224 and r = +0.290), while CO2 and Acidity were negatively correlated with this populacional (more) parameter (r = -0.592 and 0.601). Alkalinity and Total Hardness values were slightly higher than 100 mg/l CaCO3. Chlorides and Conductivity showed means of 94.9 ± 38.7 and 680.1 ± 643 microS/cm; these values are very high for that region. Other factors like pH and OD are according to the pattern for provision untreated waters. The density of B. tenagophila declined in the 6th month after a long period of torrential rains and in the rainy summers. In the colder months of the following year the density was higher (until 124 individuals/months/90 scoops). The monthly mean of the diameters of the snails was always larger than 13 mm, reaching 21.4 ± 4.1 mm, but the mode was about 17 mm. There was no correlation between diameter/density (r = 0.037) and density/temperature (r = 0.065).

Grisolia, Maria de Lourdes Machado; Freitas, José Rabelo de

1985-06-01

315

Pagodulina subdola (Gredler, 1856) (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora, Orculidae) fait bien partie de la faune de France  

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Full Text Available Although Pagodulina subdola may have been collected in France as soon as 1850, taxonomical and geographical confusions and lacks have led to consider it as a species distributed from the southern side of central Alps to the Peloponnese through the Balkans. Here we report the westernmost populations for that species and confirm its occurrence in France from the Southern Alps, in beech forests mainly facing north above 700 m elevation.

Olivier Gargominy; Theo E. J. Ripken; Alexis Matamoro-Vidal; Daniel Reboul

2008-01-01

316

Morphological variation, biogeography and local extinction of the northern New Zealand landsnail Placostylus hongii (Gastropoda : Bulimulidae)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Placostylus hongii (Lesson) is recorded from sites between Whangaroa and Whangarei on the mainland Northland coast, and from the Poor Knights, Chicken, Mokohinau and Great Barrier islands offshore. There is considerable variation in shell morphology between the various populations, commonly with marked morphological divergence at a local scale but with overlapping variation overall across all populations of the taxon. Patterns of morphological variation show no clear geographic trends and are at least in part related to local environmental factors. Correlations are identified between shell shape and substratum type, and between shell size and vegetation type. Placostylus hongii has a very restricted stratigraphic distribution in mainland Northland, with most if not all of the few known fossil populations post-dating Polynesian settlement at c. 900-700 years BP. We suggest that P. hongii populations on the Poor Knights and possibly also those on the Mokohinau islands are endemic, whereas the mainland populations and those on Great Barier and the Chicken islands have originated from anthropic redistribution of snails in prehistoric time. A high proportion of the mainland P. hongii populations and some offshore island populations became extinct in the last few hundred years as a result of predation by introduced mammals and the modification and destruction of shrubland and forest habitat. (author). 54 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

1999-01-01

317

Three new species of Scissurellidae (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia) from the coast of Brazil  

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Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Pela leitura das descrições originais dos gêneros de Scissurellidae , conclue-se que os nomes validos destes gêneros são: Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1823 (redescriçao por Sowerby, 1824), Anatoma Woodward, 1859, Inoisura Hedley,1904, Soissurona Iredale, 1924 e Sinezona Finlay, 1927. Scissurella e Anatoma são cosmopolitas; o primeiro encontra-se geralmente em águas rasas e associado a algas; o segundo habita Iguas profundas. Os três últimos gêneros são restritos à (more) Australásia. Três novas espécies são descritas para a costa do Brasil: Scissurella alexandrei, Soissurelía eleotilis e Scissurella morretesi. Da primeira foi estudada a anatomia interna. Estas tres espécies novas foram encontradas em ãguas rasas; S. alexandrei e S.eleotilis provem de amostras de algas do mesolitoral inferior. Conhece-se uma quarta espécie de Scissure11idae para o Brasil: Anatoma aedonia (Watson, 1886), dragada em 1873 pelo 'Challenger', ao largo da costa de Pernambuco, em profundidade de 640 m. Abstract in english A consultation of the original descriptions of the genera of Scissurellidae led the author to conclude that the valid names for the genera of this family are: Scissurella d'Orbigny, 1823 (redescription by Sowerby, 1824), Anatoma Woodward, 1859, Inoisura Hedley, 1904, Scissurona Iredale, 1924, Sinezona Finlay, 1927. Scissurella and Anatoma are cosmopolites, the first generally living in shallow waters, associated to sea-weeds, while the second is found in deep waters. The (more) three last genera are restricted to Australasia. Three new species are described from the Brazilian coast: Soissu rella alexandrei, Scissurella eleotilis and Scissurella morretesi. The internal anatomy of S. alexandrei is described. These three new species have been found in littoral shallow waters, the two first on the northeast Brazilian coast, the third on the coast of the State of São Paulo. The fourth known species of Scissurellidae from Brazil, Anatoma aedonia (Watson, 1886), was dredged by H.M.S, "Challenger", in 1873, off Pernambuco, 350 fm (640 m).

Montouchet, Pierre Ch.

1972-01-01

318

New taxa of terrestrial molluscs from Turkey (Gastropoda, Pristilomatidae, Enidae, Hygromiidae, Helicidae).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reports on results of several collecting trips of the authors in Turkey. In the course of this research, a long-lasting question was addressed. It could be proven that the nominal species Bulimus frivaldskyi L. Pfeiffer, 1847 is closely related to Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, and thus this species is shifted from the genus Ena Turton, 1831, to the genus Meijeriella Bank, 1985. Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, could be recorded from Turkey for the first time. The nomenclatural situation of the species Euchondrus septemdentatus (Roth, 1839) vs. its replacement name Euchondrus borealis (Mousson, 1874) is discussed. A new arrangement of the species formely comprised in the genus Zebrina Held, 1837 is presented, and the genera Rhabdoena Kobelt & Moellendorff, 1902, and Leucomastus A. Wagner, 1927 are re-established. The following species and subspecies new to science could be described: Vitrea gosteliisp. n. (Pristilomatidae), Turanena demirsoyisp. n., Euchondrus paucidentatussp. n., Rhabdoena gosteliisp. n. (all Enidae), Metafruticicola kizildagensissp. n. (Hygromiidae), and Assyriella thospitis menkhorstissp. n. (Helicidae). For several other species, new distribution records are listed.

Gümü? BA; Neubert E

2012-01-01

319

New taxa of terrestrial molluscs from Turkey (Gastropoda, Pristilomatidae, Enidae, Hygromiidae, Helicidae)  

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Full Text Available This paper reports on results of several collecting trips of the authors in Turkey. In the course of this research, a long-lasting question was addressed. It could be proven that the nominal species Bulimus frivaldskyi L. Pfeiffer, 1847 is closely related to Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, and thus this species is shifted from the genus Ena Turton, 1831, to the genus Meijeriella Bank, 1985. Meijeriella canaliculata Bank, 1985, could be recorded from Turkey for the first time. The nomenclatural situation of the species Euchondrus septemdentatus (Roth, 1839) vs. its replacement name Euchondrus borealis (Mousson, 1874) is discussed. A new arrangement of the species formely comprised in the genus Zebrina Held, 1837 is presented, and the genera Rhabdoena Kobelt & Moellendorff, 1902, and Leucomastus A. Wagner, 1927 are re-established. The following species and subspecies new to science could be described: Vitrea gostelii sp. n. (Pristilomatidae), Turanena demirsoyi sp. n., Euchondrus paucidentatus sp. n., Rhabdoena gostelii sp. n. (all Enidae), Metafruticicola kizildagensis sp. n. (Hygromiidae), and Assyriella thospitis menkhorsti ssp. n. (Helicidae). For several other species, new distribution records are listed.

Burçin Gümüs; Eike Neubert

2012-01-01

320

Locomotion of Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus) (Gastropoda, Muricidae) on a mixed shore of rocks and sand  

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Full Text Available Mixed shores of rocks and sand are appropriate systems for the study of limitations that the isolation of rocks may impose for gastropods that typically inhabit rocky shores. We marked 52 Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) snails on a mixed shore and found that 34 of them moved between rocks one to four times during 15 surveys in a period of 72 days. In the experiments, the snails moved on rock by continuous, direct, ditaxic, alternate undulations of the foot sole but on submerged sand they used slower arrhythmic discontinuous contractions of the foot sole. They switched between modes of locomotion in response to the type and topography of the substrate and possibly to water dynamics. In nature, snails moved between rocks forming aggregations where they oviposited. This may have masked other causes of movement, such as availability of prey. Most snails burrowed into the sand when the rocks became exposed during low tides. Further experiments are needed to explicitly address the possible causes of movements among rocks and burial.

Marcos G. Papp; Luiz F.L. Duarte

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

ESR dating of Soma (Manisa, West Anatolia - Turkey) fossil gastropoda shells  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy technique has been employed to date the aragonitic fresh-water gastropod shells (Melanoides curvicosta) collected from Soma (Manisa) district (West Anatolia) of Turkey. The influence of the annealing temperature and ?-radiation dose on dating signal at g = 2.0016 is investigated. The thermal stability and dose response of the ESR signals were found to be suitable for an age determination using a signal at g = 2.0016. The activation energy (E), frequency factor (s) and mean-lifetime (?) at 15 deg. C of the g = 2.0016 center were calculated to be 1.67 ± 0.01 eV (3.6 ± 0.7) x 1013 s-1 and 2.02 x 108 years, respectively. The ESR signal growth curve on additional ?-irradiation has been best fitted by an exponential saturation function. Based on this model, accumulated dose (AD) value for dating is obtained. We have determined the ESR age of the terrestrial gastropods to be 2.57 ± 0.30 Ma. The results show that the ESR age falls into the Late Pliocene (Romanian) epoch of the geological time scale, which agreed with the paleoecological and paleogeographic distribution and stratigraphic level of the fauna

2006-01-01

322

Aspectos da ecologia e da reprodução de Leptinaria unilamellata (Orbigny, 1835) (Gastropoda, Subulinidae)  

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Full Text Available Leptinaria unilamellata is a species of veterinary importance, being cited here in Pernambuco for the first time. Accounts of both environment and reproduction are made. Ecological observations in a population of Dois Irmãos, Recife, Pernambuco, show predominance in relation to the sympatric snail: Bulimulus tenuissimus, Subulina octona and Sarasinula sp., and showed exceptional ability to adapt to environmental conditions. From August 1982 to November 1983 a total of 1.169 specimens were collected and classified into 8 class sizes. The average occurences in each month indicate that the population is in a state of reproductive equilibrium. Sexual maturity begins at a body length of 6.1 - 7.0 mm, when the specimens (still at half their final lenght) already manifest embryos in the uterus, numbering 1 to 8.

Ana Virginia Calógeras Dutra

1988-01-01

323

[Dominant structural and functional adaptations of distant chemosensory systems in phylogenesis of Gastropoda  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The invasion of land by gastropods independent and repeated in the course of their evolution, was shown to be accompanied by appearance of organisationally similar olfactory tentacular organs and special integrative centres. The majority of primary and secondary water gastropods in different phylogenetic groups had a different, more primitive organisation of the tentacular sensory system as compared to the terrestrial species. Regularities of the phylogenetic adaptations of mollusks to the habitat media and lifestyle are discussed.

Za?tseva OV

2000-08-01

324

Molecular evidence for the polyphyly of Bostryx (Gastropoda: Bulimulidae) and genetic diversity of Bostryx aguilari  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Bostryx is largely distributed in Andean Valleys and Lomas formations along the coast of Peru and Chile. One species, Bostryx aguilari, is restricted to Lomas formations located in the Department of Lima (Peru). The use of genetic information has become essential in phylogenetic and population studies with conservation purposes. Considering the rapid degradation of desert ecosystems, which threatens the survival of vulnerable species, the aim of this study was, first, to (more) resolve evolutionary relationships within Bostryx and to determine the position of Bostryx within the Bulimulidae, and second, to survey the genetic diversity of Bostryx aguilari, a species considered rare. Sequences of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA and nuclear rRNA regions were obtained for 12 and 11 species of Bulimulidae, respectively, including seven species of Bostryx. Sequences of the 16S rRNA gene were obtained for 14 individuals (from four different populations) of Bostryx aguilari. Phylogenetic reconstructions were carried out using Neighbor-Joining, Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference methods. The monophyly of Bostryx was not supported. In our results, B. solutus (type species of Bostryx) grouped only with B. aguilari, B. conspersus, B. modestus, B. scalariformis and B. sordidus, forming a monophyletic group that is strongly supported in all analyses. In case the taxonomy of Bostryx is reviewed in the future, this group should keep the generic name. Bostryx aguilari was found to have both low genetic diversity and small population size. We recommend that conservation efforts should be increased in Lomas ecosystems to ensure the survival of B. aguilari, and a large number of other rare species restricted to Lomas.

Ramirez, Jorge L.; Ramírez, Rina

2013-02-01

325

Distribution and habitat preferences of the genus Biomphalaria (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Cuba  

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Full Text Available A study was carried out to determine the distribution and habitat preferences of several species of the genus Biomphalaria. Samples were taken at 350 freshwater locations in Cuba. Three species of Biomphalaria (Biomphalaria havanensis, Biomphalaria helophila and Biomphalaria pallida) were recorded based on their distribution. Of the three species, B. havanensis has the weakest distribution because it was identified in only one locality. The other species, B. helophila and B. pallida, are abundant in rivers and dams and have large populations in Cuba. However, the only species that appears to occur in ecosystems shared with thiarids is B. pallida, possibly due to recent introduction of thiarids, but always in fewer numbers. Here we discuss the possibility of these species to act as intermediary hosts of Schistosoma mansoni in Cuba over the basis of occurrence in natural and anthropic habitats.

Antonio Alejandro Vázquez Perera; Jorge Sánchez Noda; Yosvania Hevia Jiménez

2010-01-01

326

Monoamines in the pedal plexus of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

Science.gov (United States)

In molluscs, the number of peripheral neurons far exceeds those found in the central nervous system. Although previous studies on the morphology of the peripheral nervous system exist, details of its organization remain unknown. Moreover, the foot of the terrestrial species has been studied less than that of the aquatic species. As this knowledge is essential for our experimental model, the pulmonate gastropod Megalobulimus oblongus, the aim of the present study was to investigate monoamines in the pedal plexus of this snail using two procedures: glyoxylic acid histofluorescence to identify monoaminergic structures, and the unlabeled antibody peroxidase anti-peroxidase method using antiserum to detect the serotonergic component of the plexus. Adult land snails weighing 48-80 g, obtained from the counties of Barra do Ribeiro and Charqueadas (RS, Brazil), were utilized. Monoaminergic fibers were detected throughout the pedal musculature. Blue fluorescence (catecholamines, probably dopamine) was observed in nerve branches, pedal and subepithelial plexuses, and in the pedal muscle cells. Yellow fluorescence (serotonin) was only observed in thick nerves and in muscle cells. However, when immunohistochemical methods were used, serotonergic fibers were detected in the pedal nerve branches, the pedal and subepithelial plexuses, the basal and lateral zones of the ventral integument epithelial cells, in the pedal ganglion neurons and beneath the ventral epithelium. These findings suggest catecholaminergic and serotonergic involvement in locomotion and modulation of both the pedal ganglion interneurons and sensory information. Knowledge of monoaminergic distribution in this snail s foot is important for understanding the pharmacological control of reflexive responses and locomotive behavior. PMID:15264012

Faccioni-Heuser, M C; Zancan, D M; Achaval, M

2004-06-22

327

Acetylcholinesterase distribution in the central nervous system of the Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the central nervous system (CNS) of the Megalobulimus oblongus was demonstrated by using Koelle and Friedenwald's procedure. The AChE positive reaction was revealed in the nervous cell bodies and processes in the different ganglia of the CNS. The largest number of strong positive neuronal subsets reside in pedal and buccal ganglia. Other positive cell bodies are also located in clusters in the left portion of the visceral ganglion, meso and postcerebrum, and pleural ganglia. In some neurons the enzymatic reaction only appeared at trophospongium level. The neuropilian synaptic areas also exhibited AChE reactivity. These data provide further evidence that AChE is present in neuronal bodies of the CNS of this pulmonate snail, and in some areas is probably involved in cholinergic circuits.

Zancan DM; Nóblega HG; Severino AG; Achaval M

1994-01-01

328

Vascular supply of the central nervous system of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

Science.gov (United States)

The vascularization of the central nervous system of the snail Megalobulimus oblongus was studied by injection of carmine-gelatin solution into the arterial system and using a histochemical technique for the detection of alkaline phosphatase. The central nervous system of M. oblongus is irrigated by the anterior aorta, from which a series of small branches emerge that supply the subesophageal nervous ganglia. In turn, these branches give rise to a series of smaller vessels that irrigate the buccal bulb, the anterior portion of the foot, the cerebral ganglia, the dorsal body gland, and the anterior portion of the reproductive system. No hemolymph vessels were detected within nervous tissue although such vessels were found in the periganglionic connective sheath. This connective sheath contains vascular loops and had a series of overlaps and projections that follow the contour of the nervous ganglia. This arrangement permits a larger area of interaction between the surface of the nervous tissue and the hemolymph and reduces the distance between the deepest portion of a given ganglion and the hemolymph vessels. PMID:12937793

Nóblega, H G; Missaglia, V; Stenert, C; Faccioni-Heuser, M C; Achaval, M

2003-08-19

329

Acetylcholinesterase distribution in the central nervous system of the Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

Science.gov (United States)

The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the central nervous system (CNS) of the Megalobulimus oblongus was demonstrated by using Koelle and Friedenwald's procedure. The AChE positive reaction was revealed in the nervous cell bodies and processes in the different ganglia of the CNS. The largest number of strong positive neuronal subsets reside in pedal and buccal ganglia. Other positive cell bodies are also located in clusters in the left portion of the visceral ganglion, meso and postcerebrum, and pleural ganglia. In some neurons the enzymatic reaction only appeared at trophospongium level. The neuropilian synaptic areas also exhibited AChE reactivity. These data provide further evidence that AChE is present in neuronal bodies of the CNS of this pulmonate snail, and in some areas is probably involved in cholinergic circuits. PMID:8881557

Zancan, D M; Nóblega, H G; Severino, A G; Achaval, M

330

Vascular supply of the central nervous system of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The vascularization of the central nervous system of the snail Megalobulimus oblongus was studied by injection of carmine-gelatin solution into the arterial system and using a histochemical technique for the detection of alkaline phosphatase. The central nervous system of M. oblongus is irrigated by the anterior aorta, from which a series of small branches emerge that supply the subesophageal nervous ganglia. In turn, these branches give rise to a series of smaller vessel (more) s that irrigate the buccal bulb, the anterior portion of the foot, the cerebral ganglia, the dorsal body gland, and the anterior portion of the reproductive system. No hemolymph vessels were detected within nervous tissue although such vessels were found in the periganglionic connective sheath. This connective sheath contains vascular loops and had a series of overlaps and projections that follow the contour of the nervous ganglia. This arrangement permits a larger area of interaction between the surface of the nervous tissue and the hemolymph and reduces the distance between the deepest portion of a given ganglion and the hemolymph vessels.

Nóblega, H.G.; Missaglia, V.; Stenert, C.; Faccioni-Heuser, M.C.; Achaval, M.

2003-09-01

331

Monoamines in the pedal plexus of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In molluscs, the number of peripheral neurons far exceeds those found in the central nervous system. Although previous studies on the morphology of the peripheral nervous system exist, details of its organization remain unknown. Moreover, the foot of the terrestrial species has been studied less than that of the aquatic species. As this knowledge is essential for our experimental model, the pulmonate gastropod Megalobulimus oblongus, the aim of the present study was to investigate monoamines in the pedal plexus of this snail using two procedures: glyoxylic acid histofluorescence to identify monoaminergic structures, and the unlabeled antibody peroxidase anti-peroxidase method using antiserum to detect the serotonergic component of the plexus. Adult land snails weighing 48-80 g, obtained from the counties of Barra do Ribeiro and Charqueadas (RS, Brazil), were utilized. Monoaminergic fibers were detected throughout the pedal musculature. Blue fluorescence (catecholamines, probably dopamine) was observed in nerve branches, pedal and subepithelial plexuses, and in the pedal muscle cells. Yellow fluorescence (serotonin) was only observed in thick nerves and in muscle cells. However, when immunohistochemical methods were used, serotonergic fibers were detected in the pedal nerve branches, the pedal and subepithelial plexuses, the basal and lateral zones of the ventral integument epithelial cells, in the pedal ganglion neurons and beneath the ventral epithelium. These findings suggest catecholaminergic and serotonergic involvement in locomotion and modulation of both the pedal ganglion interneurons and sensory information. Knowledge of monoaminergic distribution in this snail s foot is important for understanding the pharmacological control of reflexive responses and locomotive behavior.

Faccioni-Heuser MC; Zancan DM; Achaval M

2004-07-01

332

Vascular supply of the central nervous system of the land snail Megalobulimus oblongus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The vascularization of the central nervous system of the snail Megalobulimus oblongus was studied by injection of carmine-gelatin solution into the arterial system and using a histochemical technique for the detection of alkaline phosphatase. The central nervous system of M. oblongus is irrigated by the anterior aorta, from which a series of small branches emerge that supply the subesophageal nervous ganglia. In turn, these branches give rise to a series of smaller vessels that irrigate the buccal bulb, the anterior portion of the foot, the cerebral ganglia, the dorsal body gland, and the anterior portion of the reproductive system. No hemolymph vessels were detected within nervous tissue although such vessels were found in the periganglionic connective sheath. This connective sheath contains vascular loops and had a series of overlaps and projections that follow the contour of the nervous ganglia. This arrangement permits a larger area of interaction between the surface of the nervous tissue and the hemolymph and reduces the distance between the deepest portion of a given ganglion and the hemolymph vessels.

Nóblega HG; Missaglia V; Stenert C; Faccioni-Heuser MC; Achaval M

2003-09-01

333

Invasion of ancient Lake Titicaca by the globally invasive Physa acuta (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Hygrophila)  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A vital population of Physa acuta, a globally invasive species of freshwater gastropods was dicovered in ancient Lake Titicaca in April 2007. The population was found near Chucuito (Bahia de Puno) on the Peruvian side in close proximity to a boat landing of the aquaculture facility of the University of Puno. Physids occured in great abundances at this site on macrophytes in depths from 0 to 2 m. Physa acuta was associated with members of the Heleobia andicola species complex as well as with Heleobia otorni, Biomphalaria andecola, and Uncancylus crequi. Species identity was confirmed by morphological and molecular methods. We discuss the mode of introduction and raise a cautionary note on the potential impact of this global invader on the endemic gastropod fauna of ancient Lake Titicaca.

Albrecht Christian; Kroll Oliver; Moreno Terrazas Edmundo; Wilke Thomas

2009-10-01

334

Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Gastropoda: Physidae): a study of topotypic specimens  

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Full Text Available A description is given of Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, based on topotypic specimens from the Garonne river basin, and additional samples from the environs of the French cities of Montpellier and Perpignan. It proved indistinguishable, in shell and anatomy, from topotypic Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839, thus leading the authors to admit the synonymy of the two nominal species under the older name, P. acuta.

W Lobato Paraense; Jean-Pierre Pointier

2003-01-01

335

Morphological and molecular characterization of Neotropic Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Lymnaeoidea), vectors of fasciolosis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Lymnaeidae play a crucial role in the transmission of fasciolosis, a disease of medical and veterinary importance. In the Neotropic, a region where fasciolosis is emergent, eight Lymnaeidae species are currently considered valid. However, our knowledge of the diversity of this taxon is hindered by the fact that lymnaeids exhibit extremely homogeneous anatomical traits. Because most species are difficult to identify using classic taxonomy, it is difficult to establish an epidemiological risk map of fasciolosis in the Neotropic. In this paper, we contribute to our understanding of the diversity of lymnaeids in this region of the world. We perform conchological, anatomical and DNA-based analyses (phylogeny and barcoding) of almost all species of Lymnaeidae inhabiting the Neotropic to compare the reliability of classic taxonomy and DNA-based approaches, and to delimitate species boundaries. Our results demonstrate that while morphological traits are unable to separate phenotypically similar species, DNA-based approaches unambiguously ascribe individuals to one species or another. We demonstrate that a taxon found in Colombia and Venezuela (Galba sp.) is closely related yet sufficiently divergent from Galba truncatula, G. humilis, G. cousini, G. cubensis, G. neotropica and G. viatrix to be considered as a different species. In addition, barcode results suggest that G. cubensis, G. neotropica and G. viatrix might be conspecifics. We conclude that conchological and anatomical characters are uninformative to identify closely related species of Lymnaeidae and that DNA-based approaches should be preferred.

Correa AC; Escobar JS; Noya O; Velásquez LE; González-Ramírez C; Hurtrez-Boussès S; Pointier JP

2011-12-01

336

Morphological and molecular characterization of Neotropic Lymnaeidae (Gastropoda: Lymnaeoidea), vectors of fasciolosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lymnaeidae play a crucial role in the transmission of fasciolosis, a disease of medical and veterinary importance. In the Neotropic, a region where fasciolosis is emergent, eight Lymnaeidae species are currently considered valid. However, our knowledge of the diversity of this taxon is hindered by the fact that lymnaeids exhibit extremely homogeneous anatomical traits. Because most species are difficult to identify using classic taxonomy, it is difficult to establish an epidemiological risk map of fasciolosis in the Neotropic. In this paper, we contribute to our understanding of the diversity of lymnaeids in this region of the world. We perform conchological, anatomical and DNA-based analyses (phylogeny and barcoding) of almost all species of Lymnaeidae inhabiting the Neotropic to compare the reliability of classic taxonomy and DNA-based approaches, and to delimitate species boundaries. Our results demonstrate that while morphological traits are unable to separate phenotypically similar species, DNA-based approaches unambiguously ascribe individuals to one species or another. We demonstrate that a taxon found in Colombia and Venezuela (Galba sp.) is closely related yet sufficiently divergent from Galba truncatula, G. humilis, G. cousini, G. cubensis, G. neotropica and G. viatrix to be considered as a different species. In addition, barcode results suggest that G. cubensis, G. neotropica and G. viatrix might be conspecifics. We conclude that conchological and anatomical characters are uninformative to identify closely related species of Lymnaeidae and that DNA-based approaches should be preferred. PMID:21968212

Correa, Ana C; Escobar, Juan S; Noya, Oscar; Velásquez, Luz E; González-Ramírez, Carolina; Hurtrez-Boussès, Sylvie; Pointier, Jean-Pierre

2011-09-18

337

Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Gastropoda: Physidae): a study of topotypic specimens  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english A description is given of Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805, based on topotypic specimens from the Garonne river basin, and additional samples from the environs of the French cities of Montpellier and Perpignan. It proved indistinguishable, in shell and anatomy, from topotypic Physa cubensis Pfeiffer, 1839, thus leading the authors to admit the synonymy of the two nominal species under the older name, P. acuta.

Paraense, W Lobato; Pointier, Jean-Pierre

2003-06-01

338

Physiological response to low temperature in the freshwater apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae).  

Science.gov (United States)

Cold hardiness of the freshwater apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, varies seasonally. We investigated lethal factors and physiological changes arising from exposure of P. canaliculata to low temperatures. Snails did not survive freezing. The supercooling point of cold-acclimated (cold tolerant) snails (-6.6+/-0.8 degrees C) did not differ significantly from that of non-acclimated ones (-7.1+/-1.5 degrees C) under laboratory conditions. Furthermore, snails died even under more moderately low temperatures approaching 0 degrees C. These results indicate that indirect chilling injury is a factor in the death of P. canaliculata at low temperatures. Regardless of whether the snails were acclimated to low temperatures, all of the dead, and even some of the snails still alive at 0 degrees C, had injured mantles, indicating that the mantle may be the organ most susceptible to the effects of low temperatures. The concentration of glucose in the posterior chamber of the kidney and concentration of glycerol in the digestive gland were significantly higher in cold-acclimated snails than in non-acclimated ones, suggesting carbohydrate metabolic pathways are altered in snails during cold acclimation. PMID:19648400

Matsukura, Keiichiro; Tsumuki, Hisaaki; Izumi, Yohei; Wada, Takashi

2009-08-01

339

Physiological response to low temperature in the freshwater apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cold hardiness of the freshwater apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata, varies seasonally. We investigated lethal factors and physiological changes arising from exposure of P. canaliculata to low temperatures. Snails did not survive freezing. The supercooling point of cold-acclimated (cold tolerant) snails (-6.6+/-0.8 degrees C) did not differ significantly from that of non-acclimated ones (-7.1+/-1.5 degrees C) under laboratory conditions. Furthermore, snails died even under more moderately low temperatures approaching 0 degrees C. These results indicate that indirect chilling injury is a factor in the death of P. canaliculata at low temperatures. Regardless of whether the snails were acclimated to low temperatures, all of the dead, and even some of the snails still alive at 0 degrees C, had injured mantles, indicating that the mantle may be the organ most susceptible to the effects of low temperatures. The concentration of glucose in the posterior chamber of the kidney and concentration of glycerol in the digestive gland were significantly higher in cold-acclimated snails than in non-acclimated ones, suggesting carbohydrate metabolic pathways are altered in snails during cold acclimation.

Matsukura K; Tsumuki H; Izumi Y; Wada T

2009-08-01

340

Activity of the mangrove snail Cerithidea decollata (Gastropoda: Potamididae) in a warm temperate South African estuary  

Science.gov (United States)

A population of Cerithidea decollata, an intertidal marine gastropod usually found within mangroves, was studied within an area of Juncus kraussii in the upper reaches of the warm temperate Knysna estuary, which is at the southern-most limit of the recorded distribution of this snail. Activity (migratory and homing behaviour, distances travelled during foraging) of the snails was monitored over spring and neap tides in four seasons. Migratory patterns of the snails w