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1

Animacy in Processing Relative Clauses: The Hikers that Rocks Crush  

Science.gov (United States)

For several languages, a preference for subject relative clauses over object relative clauses has been reported. However, Mak, Vonk, and Schriefers (2002) showed that there is no such preference for relative clauses with an animate subject and an inanimate object. A Dutch object relative clause as...de rots, die de wandelaars beklommen hebben...…

Mak, Willem M.; Vonk, Wietske; Schriefers, Herbert

2006-01-01

2

Cláusulas relativas con duplicación del objeto (Relative clauses with duplicated object  

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Full Text Available El presente trabajo se ocupa del análisis de la variación que se registra en los siguientes ejemplos: (1 “una concepción que no la tiene consciente” versus (2 “una concepción que no tiene consciente”. El ejemplo (1 presenta en la cláusula relativa, a diferencia de (2, un clítico (llamado “reasuntivo” o “pleonástico” por otros autores que retoma de manera explícita el antecedente. Se propone que el hablante señala el antecedente nuevamente con el clítico cuando ha colocado un tema y todavía no está seguro de lo que quiere decir al respecto, porque va a introducir información nueva y/o producir algún contraste. En esos casos el hablante redistribuye la progresión Tema/Rema de la cláusula relativa, recreando la distribución de la información propia de la oración. Sobre un cuerpo de datos auténticos se hace un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo. (This paper analyzes the variation between the following sentences: (1 “una concepción que no la tiene consciente” and (2 “una concepción que no tiene consciente”. Case (1, unlike (2, shows a relative clause with a clitic (called “reassumptive” or “pleonastic” that explicitly retrieves the antecedent. We propose the speaker reiterates the antecedent with the clitic, when having established the theme, he is not yet sure about what he wants to say, because he intends to introduce new information, or because he intends to produce a contrast. In those cases, the speaker distributes again the Theme/Rheme progression of the relative clause recreating the informative progression of a sentence. We make a quantitative and qualitative analysis of authentic data.

Claudia Borzi

2009-06-01

3

Chinese EFL Learners’ Acquisition of English Relative Clauses  

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Full Text Available The study attempts to investigate Chinese English learners’ difficulty in the acquisition of English relative clauses (RCs. In addressing the objective, the present researcher employed two tests, sentence combination test and grammaticality judgment test, which were borrowed from Izumi (2003, to examine the learners’ knowledge of English RCs. 40 subjects participated in the study. In the sentence combination test, the subjects were instructed to combine two sentences together in a way so that relative clause would be formed. In the grammaticality judgment test, the subjects were supposed to judge the grammaticality of the given sentences and provide corrections for those they regard ungrammatical. Data obtained from the two tests reveal that RCs modifying object are much easier than those modifying subject. The study found full support for the Kuno’s (1974 PDH, which proposes that center-embedding is more difficult to acquire than right-embedding due to short term memory limitations. The other two hypotheses, Keenan and Comrie’s (1977 Noun Phrase Accessibility Hierarchy Hypothesis (NPAH, and Hamilton’s (1994 Subject-Object Hierarchy Hypothesis (SOHH were not borne out.

Qing-Qiang Gao

2014-05-01

4

The Syntactic Derivations of Split Antecedent Relative Clause Constructions  

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Full Text Available In this paper, I propose a syntactic derivation for Split Antecedent Relative Clause Constructions such as Mary met a man and John met a woman who knew each other well. I claim that the two antecedents of such a construction are originally two conjuncts of a coordinate nominal. Then each has undergone a sideward movement, landed in a new working site, and been selected by a verb. After that, a coordinate clausal complex is constructed. In the old working site, a complex nominal is also constructed, in which the relative clause takes the remnant coordinate nominal as its antecedent. Finally, the complex nominal adjoins to the coordinate clausal complex. This analysis shows how the freedom in the selection of the landing site gained from sideward movement makes the syntactic derivations of this special type of relative clause construction possible, while at the same time avoiding the problems of the alternative three-dimensional analysis.

Niina Ning Zhang

2007-06-01

5

Annoying Danish Relatives : Comprehension and production of relative clauses by children with and without SLI  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study examines the comprehension and production of subject and object relative clauses (SRCs, ORCs) by children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and their typically developing (TD) peers. The purpose is to investigate whether relative clauses are problematic for Danish children with SLI and to compare errors with those produced by TD children. Eighteen children with SLI, eighteen TD age-matched (AM) and nine TD language-matched (LM) Danish-speaking children participated in a comprehension and in a production task. All children performed better on the comprehension compared with the production task, as well as on SRCs compared to ORCs and produced various avoidance strategies. In the ORC context, children with SLI produced more reversal errors than the AM children, who opted for passive ORCs. These results are discussed within current theories of SLI and indicate a deficiency with the assignment of thematic roles rather than with the structural make-up of RCs.

Jensen de López, Kristine M.; Sundahl Olsen, Lone

2013-01-01

6

Annoying Danish relatives: comprehension and production of relative clauses by Danish children with and without SLI.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the comprehension and production of subject and object relative clauses (SRCs, ORCs) by children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and their typically developing (TD) peers. The purpose is to investigate whether relative clauses are problematic for Danish children with SLI and to compare errors with those produced by TD children. Eighteen children with SLI, eighteen TD age-matched (AM) and nine TD language-matched (LM) Danish-speaking children participated in a comprehension and in a production task. All children performed better on the comprehension compared with the production task, as well as on SRCs compared to ORCs and produced various avoidance strategies. In the ORC context, children with SLI produced more reversal errors than the AM children, who opted for passive ORCs. These results are discussed within current theories of SLI and indicate a deficiency with the assignment of thematic roles rather than with the structural make-up of RCs. PMID:23200200

Jensen De López, Kristine; Sundahl Olsen, Lone; Chondrogianni, Vasiliki

2014-01-01

7

Acquisition of English Relative Clauses by Persian EFL Learners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Due to their structural complexity, English relative clauses (RCs) are difficult to acquire for EFL learners. This study tested the predictions of seven major hypotheses proposed on the difficulty order of SS, SO, OO, and OS RCs for Persian EFL learners with different levels of English proficiency. Data was collected from 39 university students aged between 18 and 22 who performed a sentence comprehension task which consisted of 20 items involving reversible animate head nouns, with 5 items r...

Hamideh Marefat; Ramin Rahmany

2009-01-01

8

Acquisition of English Relative Clauses by Persian EFL Learners  

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Full Text Available Due to their structural complexity, English relative clauses (RCs are difficult to acquire for EFL learners. This study tested the predictions of seven major hypotheses proposed on the difficulty order of SS, SO, OO, and OS RCs for Persian EFL learners with different levels of English proficiency. Data was collected from 39 university students aged between 18 and 22 who performed a sentence comprehension task which consisted of 20 items involving reversible animate head nouns, with 5 items representing each of the SS, SO, OO, and OS RCs. Results showed that the determining factor in the difficulty order of the RCs for Persian EFL learners is the role of the head noun in the RC rather than the position of relativization, as some hypotheses predict. Moreover, Persian EFL learners opt for a linear parsing strategy in processing RC structures. Besides, Proficiency level did not bring about a drastic change in the difficulty order of the RCs.

Hamideh Marefat

2009-10-01

9

Working memory contributions to relative clause attachment processing: a hierarchical linear modeling analysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

An eye-movement-monitoring experiment tested readers' responses to sentences containing relative clauses that could be attached to one or both of two preceding nouns. Previous experiments with such sentences have indicated that globally ambiguous relative clauses are processed more quickly than are determinately attached relative clauses. Central to the present research, a recent study (Swets, Desmet, Hambrick, & Ferreira, 2007) showed that offline preferences for such sentences differ as a function of working memory capacity. Specifically, both English and Dutch participants' preference for the second of two nouns as the host for the relative clause increased as their working memory capacity increased. In the present study, readers' working memory capacity was measured, and eye movements were monitored. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to determine whether working memory capacity moderated readers' online processing performance. The modeling indicated that determinately attached sentences were harder to process than globally ambiguous sentences, that working memory did not affect processing of the relative clause itself, but that working memory did moderate how easy it was to integrate the relative clause with the preceding sentence context. Specifically, in contrast with the offline results from Swets and colleagues' study, readers with higher working memory capacity were more likely to prefer the first noun over the second noun as the host for the relative clause. PMID:17910193

Traxler, Matthew J

2007-07-01

10

La duplicació pronominal en les relatives locatives en català [Pronominal doubling in locative relative clauses in Catalan  

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Full Text Available This paper analyses the use of the pronoun "hi" in locative relative clauses in Catalan, which is considered a case of clitic doubling. How it behaves depends on whether it is a defining or non-defining relative clause.The nature of focus of the non-defining clause justifies the presence of the pronoun which acts as a topic’s resumptive pronoun, whereas the pronoun appears in a defining relative clause when the sentence is characterised by specificity. On the other hand, there are two relevant syntactic factors in the appearance of the pronoun "hi": the first is the aim to avoid confusions with the pronoun "hi" with syntactic function – not only in non-defining but also in defining relative clauses – and the second is the fact that the explicit presence of verbal arguments contributes specificity to the defining relative clause. These two factors are also relevant with regard to the acceptability of combinations of the pronoun "hi" with other pronouns.

Albareda, Cristina

2013-01-01

11

Rethinking the Acquisition of Relative Clauses in Italian: Towards a Grammatically Based Account  

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In a number of studies, the acquisition of restrictive relative clauses (RCs) shows contrasting findings regarding comprehension and production, with the former usually delayed up to the age of five. As previously claimed in the literature, we suggest that this delay is a task artifact and we present a new procedure for the assessment of…

Adani, Flavia

2011-01-01

12

Transfer in L3 Sentence Processing: Evidence from Relative Clause Attachment Ambiguities  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigates transfer effects in two groups of German learners of French for ambiguous relative clause (RC) constructions. The first learner group had started to learn French before English, whereas the second group had started to learn English before French. The RC attachment ambiguity is interesting to study possible transfer…

Rah, Anne

2010-01-01

13

Children's Relative Clause Markers in Two Non-Mainstream Dialects of English  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined children's productions of mainstream and non-mainstream relative clause markers (e.g. "that", "who", "which", "what", "where", [image omitted]) in African American English (AAE) and Southern White English (SWE) as a function of three linguistic variables (syntactic role of the marker, humanness of the antecedent and adjacency of the…

Oetting, Janna B.; Newkirk, Brandi L.

2011-01-01

14

Processing of Center-Embedded and Right-Branching Relative Clause Sentences by Normal Elderly Individuals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two experiments were conducted to explore processing of relative clause structures by normal elderly adults. Four groups of subjects (aged 20-29 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and 80-89 years) participated in a lexical decision task and a sentence repetition task. (19 references) (VWL)

Baum, Shari R.

1993-01-01

15

Effects of Form-Focused Instruction on the Learning of Relative Clauses  

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Full Text Available Problem Statement: Relativization is an important grammatical sub-system for second language learners. This study intended to explore the effects of different types of L2 instruction on the learning of English relative clauses by Persian learners.Purpose: The differential effects of the three types of treatment (i.e., Focus on FormS, Focus on Meaning, Focus on Form on the learning of English relativization was investigated.Methods: Intact university classes of English learners were divided into three groups receiving different forms of instruction. Accuracy of the target form was measured by two distinct tasks of sentence combining test and grammaticality judgment test.Findings and Results: The results of the two tests show improvement of all three groups, the focus on form treatment group outperformed the other two on both tests, however. This study also suggests that learners’ attention to detailed analysis of form facilitates the learning of relative clauses in this context.

Seyed Jalal Abdolmanafi (Rokni

2012-04-01

16

Free relative clauses: a new teaching approach for Italian learners of Latin and German  

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Full Text Available In this work we would like to present a new teaching proposal for free relative clauses, with a comparative perspective. The proposal is addressed to Italian learners of Latin and German with an advanced knowledge of the morpho-syntax of the three languages and tries to combine the theories proposed within the Generative Grammar framework with the needs which emerge from school teaching experiences. In the path we will develop, the students will be led to get familiar with this construction, first in the native language and then in German and Latin. Students will be stimulated to analyze the syntactic constraints, which are different in the three languages, so as to develop a new grammatical awareness and be in a position to correctly handle complex syntactic structures such as free relative clauses. This will be helpful to adequately cope with this specific construction, but it will also improve the overall skills.

Sabrina Bertollo

2013-05-01

17

Avoidance in Processing English Non-restrictive Relative Clauses in Thai EFL Learners’ Interlanguage  

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Full Text Available This paper examined the acquisition of English non-restrictive relative clauses (NRCs by L1 Thai learners, focusing on avoidance strategies applied in the learners’ interlanguage. The theoretical frameworks of the Noun Phrase Accessibility Hierarchy (NPAH and the Perceptual Difficulty Hypothesis (PDH were the main hypotheses predicting avoidance behavior employed by the learners. The research participants were 80 Thai EFL high school students of high and low proficiency levels. The data were elicited through a sentence combination task and a Thai-English translation task. The findings, overall, suggested that Thai EFL learners, by and large, avoided using the more marked NRC types in the NPAH. The learners’ avoidance was evident in the tasks from the shifting of more marked types to less marked ones. The findings also showed that the more advanced learners tended to employ more avoidance behavior with regard to the NPAH, which may be attributed to their greater exposure to the L2 rules and more knowledge of the differences between the L1 and L2 structures; this resulted in the use of alternative ways to complete the given tasks more easily. The center-embedded NRCs, more precisely, were found to be problematic for learners, which supports the prediction of the PDH that clauses embedded after the subject positions may interrupt the processing of a complex structure of RCs. The learners, therefore, avoided center embedding and changed it to right embedding with little awareness of the ungrammaticality of the NRC sentences.

Sonthaya Rattanasak

2014-08-01

18

Visualizing abstract objects and relations  

CERN Document Server

Pictorial representations are very useful for humans to understand complicated relations or structures. This is the reason that the user interface of information systems is strongly required to visualize many kinds of information in a wide variety of graphical forms. At present, however, only some very specialized visualization techniques have been developed probably because the generality in the visualization has not been appreciated correctly. This book presents a visualization framework for translating abstract objects and relations, typically represented in textual forms, into pictorial re

Kamada, Tomihisa

1989-01-01

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Optional Clauses in the Individual Working Contract  

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Full Text Available The Labor Code, that is Law no. 53 from 2003 in Romanian legal framework, mainly rules the individual working contract. This is the first time when the working contract is established to have not only general clauses, but also some particular clauses. The employers and employees may now negotiate special rights and liabilities, such us competitions clause, mobility clause, confidentiality clause and the clause concerning continuous professional forming. Besides these clauses that are in the Labor Code, the parts may also agree on different clauses that are not in a specific law, but are permitted and used in practice, such as the clause of conscience, the objective clause and the clause concerning intellectual property rights.

MIHAELA TOFAN

2006-01-01

20

Relações retóricas estabelecidas por orações gerundiais adverbiais / Rhetorical relations held by adverbial gerund clauses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é propor critérios para identificação das relações implícitas estabelecidas por orações gerundiais adverbiais em um corpus formado por elocuções formais (aulas) e entrevistas. Para isso, tomam-se como fundamento teórico da pesquisa duas teorias funcionalistas, a Teoria da E [...] strutura Retórica do Texto (RST) e a Gramática Discursivo-Funcional (GDF). Na visão da RST, além do conteúdo explícito veiculado pelas orações de um texto, há proposições implícitas que surgem das relações que se estabelecem entre partes do texto. Foram utilizados os parâmetros da GDF, factualidade, pressuposição, e as camadas dos níveis representacional e interpessoal em que ocorrem as orações para a identificação das relações retóricas estabelecidas pelas orações gerundiais adverbiais. Foram encontradas relações de meio, de resultado, de condição e de propósito, o que não significa que não se reconheça, neste trabalho, que outras relações como tempo (anterioridade, posterioridade, simultaneidade), concessão, causa, dentre outras, podem ser estabelecidas por orações gerundiais adverbiais. Os parâmetros da GDF demonstraram ser eficientes na identificação das relações. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to set up criteria to identify the implicit relations held by adverbial gerund clauses in formal speeches (university lectures) and oral interviews in Brazilian Portuguese. The theoretical framework consists of two functional linguistic theories: Rhetorical Structure Theory [...] (RST) and Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG). According to RST, besides the explicit content conveyed by text sentences, there are implicit relations that connect text segments. In this study, the identification of such relations was based on the FDG parameters of factuality and presupposition, and the layers of the representational and interpersonal levels. Means, result, condition, and purpose rhetorical relations were attested in the corpus. Other rhetorical relations such circumstance (anteriority, posteriority, simultaneity), concession, and cause may also be attested in further research. FDG parameters have shown to be efficient for the identification of rhetorical relations.

Juliano Desiderato, Antonio.

 
 
 
 
21

Relative Regular Objects in Categories  

CERN Document Server

We define the concept of a regular object with respect to another object in an arbitrary category. We present basic properties of regular objects and we study this concept in the special cases of abelian categories and locally finitely generated Grothendieck categories. Applications are given for categories of comodules over a coalgebra and for categories of graded modules, and a link to the theory of generalized inverses of matrices is presented. Some of the techniques we use are new, since dealing with arbitrary categories allows us to pass to the dual category.

Duascualescu, S S; Tudorache, A

2006-01-01

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PROCESAMIENTO DE CLÁUSULAS RELATIVAS ANIDADAS, MEMORIA OPERATIVA Y ENVEJECIMIENTO / NESTED RELATIVES CLAUSES PROCESSING, WORKING MEMORY, AND AGING  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este estudio examina los efectos del envejecimiento, la memoria operativa y la complejidad sintáctica en el procesamiento de oraciones. Con este propósito se compara el desempeño de adultos mayores y adultos jóvenes en una tarea de lectura autoadministrada de oraciones con anidamiento de cláusulas d [...] e relativo sujeto y objeto. Se efectuó un análisis de efectos mixtos para los tiempos de lectura, el acierto a preguntas y tiempos de respuesta, que toma en cuenta el hecho de tener observaciones repetidas en los individuos y la distribución de probabilidad correcta para las variables observadas. Los resultados muestran efectos de la edad en el procesamiento, pero no respaldan la hipótesis de un declive en el procesamiento sintáctico como efecto de una menor capacidad de memoria operativa en los adultos mayores. Además, el análisis confirma la complejidad de las relativas objeto en comparación con las relativas sujeto en español. Abstract in english This study examines the effects of age, working memory and syntactic complexity on sentence processing. For this purpose we compare the performance of younger and older adults in a self-administered reading task of sentences with subject and object nested relatives clauses. A mixed effects analysis [...] was carried for reading times, accuracy and response times, which took into account that observations were repeated inside individuals and the correct probability distribution of the observed variables. The results show effects of age in processing, but they do not support the hypothesis of syntactic processing decline as an effect of less working memory capacity in older adults. In addition, the data analysis confirms the complexity of object relatives processing compared to subject relatives processing in Spanish.

BEATRIZ, ARANCIBIA GUTIÉRREZ; MÓNICA, VÉLIZ; BERNARDO, RIFFO; RUBÉN, ROA-URETA.

2014-06-01

23

PROCESAMIENTO DE CLÁUSULAS RELATIVAS ANIDADAS, MEMORIA OPERATIVA Y ENVEJECIMIENTO / NESTED RELATIVES CLAUSES PROCESSING, WORKING MEMORY, AND AGING  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este estudio examina los efectos del envejecimiento, la memoria operativa y la complejidad sintáctica en el procesamiento de oraciones. Con este propósito se compara el desempeño de adultos mayores y adultos jóvenes en una tarea de lectura autoadministrada de oraciones con anidamiento de cláusulas d [...] e relativo sujeto y objeto. Se efectuó un análisis de efectos mixtos para los tiempos de lectura, el acierto a preguntas y tiempos de respuesta, que toma en cuenta el hecho de tener observaciones repetidas en los individuos y la distribución de probabilidad correcta para las variables observadas. Los resultados muestran efectos de la edad en el procesamiento, pero no respaldan la hipótesis de un declive en el procesamiento sintáctico como efecto de una menor capacidad de memoria operativa en los adultos mayores. Además, el análisis confirma la complejidad de las relativas objeto en comparación con las relativas sujeto en español. Abstract in english This study examines the effects of age, working memory and syntactic complexity on sentence processing. For this purpose we compare the performance of younger and older adults in a self-administered reading task of sentences with subject and object nested relatives clauses. A mixed effects analysis [...] was carried for reading times, accuracy and response times, which took into account that observations were repeated inside individuals and the correct probability distribution of the observed variables. The results show effects of age in processing, but they do not support the hypothesis of syntactic processing decline as an effect of less working memory capacity in older adults. In addition, the data analysis confirms the complexity of object relatives processing compared to subject relatives processing in Spanish.

BEATRIZ, ARANCIBIA GUTIÉRREZ; MÓNICA, VÉLIZ; BERNARDO, RIFFO; RUBÉN, ROA-URETA.

24

As relativas que são fáceis na aquisição do português brasileiro / The acquisition of relative clauses in Brazilian portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A aquisição das orações relativas por duas crianças brasileiras (entre os 2;0 e os 5;0 de idade) aprendendo o Português Brasileiro como primeira língua é discutida, com o objetivo de descrever e explicar as primeiras relativas produzidas pelos sujeitos de estudos naturalistas, observacionais, à luz [...] da teoria da sintaxe gerativa. Os resultados mostram que ao redor dos 3;0: a) a criança começa a construir as relativas como modificadoras do N; b) as clivadas antecedem a aquisição das relativas, e c) as primeiras relativas ilustram a estratégia vernacular de relativização do Português Brasileiro já identificada por outros estudos com dados de adultos. Abstract in english The acquisition of Portuguese by two Brazilian children (aged 2;0 -5;0) is discussed in an attempt to describe and explain the first relative clauses produced in naturalistic, observational studies, according to the framework of generative syntax theory. The results show that at around 3;0: a) the c [...] hild starts to deal with relative clauses as modifiers of N; b) cleft sentences appear before relative clauses, and c) the first relatives confirm the prevalence of the vernacular strategy of relativization in Brazilian Portuguese identified by other studies based on adult data.

Maria Cecília, PERRONI.

25

Fundamentals of Object Databases Object-Oriented and Object-Relational Design  

CERN Document Server

Object-oriented databases were originally developed as an alternative to relational database technology for the representation, storage, and access of non-traditional data forms that were increasingly found in advanced applications of database technology. After much debate regarding object-oriented versus relational database technology, object-oriented extensions were eventually incorporated into relational technology to create object-relational databases. Both object-oriented databases and object-relational databases, collectively known as object databases, provide inherent support for object

Dietrich, Suzanne

2010-01-01

26

Some modifications of temporal relation in the sentence with the temporal clause  

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Full Text Available The subject matter of this paper is the modification of temporal relation in the complex sentence with the temporal clause. At the functional different Serbian language corpus the author notices the next types of modified temporality: excepted locational simultaneity complete or partial, and excepted locationalorientational posteriority formalized by the structure V SAMO/JEDINO/OSIM/SEM/IZUZEV(ONDA KAD VSub, and excepted locational simultaneity/excepted terminativity formalized by the structure V SAMO DOK (Neg VSub; sutuational locational simultaneity complete or partial formalized by the structure V U SITUACIJI / U SLU?AJU KAD VSub, with the posibility to be exceptivly modified in the structure V IZUZEV U SITUACIJI / U SLU?AJU KAD VSub; situational-concessive locational simultaneity complete or partial formalized by the structure V (?AK I (ONDA KAD VSub; situational-conditional locational-orientational posteriority formalized by the structure V TEK (ONDA KAD VSub, and situational-conditional orientational posteriority formalized by the structure V TEK POŠTO VSub or V TEK NAKON ŠTO VSub and situational-conditional orientational quantified posteriority formalized by the structure V Quant TEK POŠTO VSub, and finaly situational-conditional terminativity formalized by the structure (Neg V SVE DOK Neg VSub. It can ocure sporadically supstitutiv temporality formalized by the structure V DetTemp (UMESTO KAD VSub, and consecutive-adversative temporality formalized by the structure KAD VSub A (ONDA V. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178004: Sintaksi?ka, semanti?ka i pragmati?ka istraživanja standardnog srpskog jezika

Antoni? Ivana N.

2013-01-01

27

Problems in Relational Object Oriented Requirement Engineering  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of relational object oriented requirement engineering is to achieve higher quality and productivity with lower cost. There are so many problems related to relational object oriented requirement engineering. In this paper, we present a review of the various problematic issues specifically in requirements engineering of object oriented concepts and we mention some existing research attempts to deal with such issues

Anand Mahajan

2012-01-01

28

Working memory for relations among objects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Across many areas of study in cognition, the capacity of working memory (WM) is widely agreed to be roughly three to five items: three to five objects (i.e., bound collections of object features) in the literature on visual WM or three to five role bindings (i.e., objects in specific relational roles) in the literature on memory and reasoning. Three experiments investigated the capacity of observers' WM for the spatial relations among objects in a visual display, and the results suggest that the "items" in WM are neither simply objects nor simply role bindings. The results of Experiment 1 are most consistent with a model that treats an "item" in visual WM as an object, along with the roles of all its relations to one other object. Experiment 2 compared observers' WM for object size with their memory for relative size and provided evidence that observers compute and store objects' relations per se (rather than just absolute size) in WM. Experiment 3 tested and confirmed several more nuanced predictions of the model supported by Experiment 1. Together, these findings suggest that objects are stored in visual WM in pairs (along with all the relations between the objects in a pair) and that, from the perspective of WM, a given object in one pair is not the same "item" as that same object in a different pair. PMID:24379151

Clevenger, Pamela E; Hummel, John E

2014-10-01

29

Use of Self-to-Object and Object-to-Object Spatial Relations in Locomotion  

Science.gov (United States)

In 8 experiments, the authors examined the use of representations of self-to-object or object-to-object spatial relations during locomotion. Participants learned geometrically regular or irregular layouts of objects while standing at the edge or in the middle and then pointed to objects while blindfolded in 3 conditions: before turning (baseline),…

Xiao, Chengli; Mou, Weimin; McNamara, Timothy P.

2009-01-01

30

48 CFR 370.701 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the Leadership Act 370.701 Contract clause. The Contracting Officer shall insert the clause in 352.270-8, Prostitution and Related Activities, in solicitations, contracts, and orders, and in existing contracts and orders...

2010-10-01

31

Development of Relativization in Korean as a Foreign Language: The Noun Phrase Accessibility Hierarchy in Head-Internal and Head-External Relative Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines how Keenan and Comrie's (1977) noun phrase accessibility hierarchy (NPAH) intersects with the typological characteristics of Korean in the acquisition of relative clauses (RCs). Korean has two types of RC constructions: head-external and head-internal. The head-external relative has its head to the right of the RC, whereas the…

Jeon, K. Seon; Kim, Hae-Young

2007-01-01

32

WH-extractions and relative clauses in Brazilian Portuguese / Extrações-WH e orações relativas no português brasileiro  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tem por objetivo descrever e buscar uma explicação para o comportamento de extrações de sintagmas QU-- do português brasileiro (PB) para fora de contextos que ficaram conhecidos pelo nome de ilhas, utilizando os princípios da Teoria Gerativa que explicam as propriedades dessas construçõe [...] s nesta e em outras línguas. Argumenta-se que o PB utiliza uma versão da estratégia de concordância em CP, estabelecida por meio de uma relação de predicação, para a extração de sintagmas QU-- a partir da posição de sujeito. A análise proposta para essas extrações evidenciou a existência de dois processos sintáticos diferenciados na construção das orações relativas. Um em que que é um operador que transforma sentenças em predicados, ocupa a posição de núcleo de CP em cujo especificador pode-se encontrar o sintagma que funciona como sujeito da predicação. Outro em que que é um elemento QU--, o que tradicionalmente poderia ser caracterizado como um pronome, que ocupa a posição de especificador de um sintagma quantificado, e introduz as relativas tal como tradicionalmente descritas. Abstract in english This paper aims to describe and explain WH-extraction patterns out of island contexts in Brazilian Portuguese (BP), by means of the principles established by Generative Theory. I claim that BP uses a strategy for the extraction of subjects which involves a special case of Agreement. Extractions out [...] of relative islands are possible when the extracted WH-phrase ends up in the specifier position of the higher CP and from there it behaves as the subject of the predication. The subject-predicate relationship established under agreement makes Comp a proper governor for traces in subject position under its scope. The analysis proposed makes a distinction between two processes of relative clause formation. One in which que is an operator that transforms sentences into predicates and sits in the Comp position of a CP whose specifier can be occupied by a QP functioning as the subject of the predication. The other, in which que is a WH-word, traditionally treated as a pronoun, occupying the specifier position of a QP and introducing relative clauses as we know them.

Esmeralda Vailati, NEGRÃO.

33

REBOL: Relative Expression-Based Object Language  

Science.gov (United States)

REBOL, the Relative Expression-Based Object Language, is a fascinating new scripting language developed at REBOL Technologies by Carl Sassenrath, the architect of the Amiga operating system. REBOL is intended to be used for Internet programming and, among its many features, it contains very easy-to-use networking capabilities. An example is this tiny line of REBOL code which retrieves a web page and emails it to a (fictitious) email address: "send fred@cs.wisc.edu read

Sassenrath, Carl.

34

Relating microbiological criteria to food safety objectives and performance objectives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Microbiological criteria, food safety objectives and performance objectives, and the relationship between them are discussed and described in the context of risk-based food safety management. A modified method to quantify the sensitivity of attributes sampling plans is presented to show how sampling plans can be designed to assess a microbiological criterion. Examples presented show that testing of processed foods for confirmation of safety is often not a practical option, because too many sa...

Schothorst, M.; Zwietering, M. H.; Ross, T.; Buchanan, R. L.; Cole, M. B.

2009-01-01

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Learning in Organizations - an Object Relations Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Learning in organizations – an object relations perspective As a researcher with a primary interest in the study of learning environments in organizations I have conducted a number of empirical research projects primarily concerning work places in the state sector. The aim of the research has been to qualify the understanding of learning conditions in working life and to develop a multifaceted theoretical and methodological basis for the analysis focussing on action- and behaviour, symbolic interaction and discourse (Andersen & Andersen 2007; Andersen & Trojaborg 2007). The aim of this paper is to supplement this analytical basis with an analysis based on psychoanalytical theory. I shall present and clarify some theoretical and methodological ideas about the discovery and understanding of psychodynamic defence mechanisms in organizations. My intention is to achieve a better understanding of organizations as learning environments for the employees. Theoretically I draw on object relations theory. Within this tradition the theoretical point of departure is twofold: the study of work conditions in hospitals carried out by Menzies (1975) and Hinschelwood & Skogstad (2000). With regard to the first mentioned, Menzies combines two types of analysis. In the first type she understands the development of work organizations as the development of psycho-social defence systems. Psycho-social defence systems are composed of many specific defence techniques that are developed by the staff during a long period of time as institutionalized work practices. In the second type of analysis she reflects on the different defence techniques from a psychoanalytical theoretical point of view: Which kind of unconscious ‘rationality’ do they possess, which consequences do they have for the quality of work and which positive and negative impact do they have with respect to the staff itself? With regard to Hinschelwood & Skogstad (2000) they are introduced to further develop and contrast Menzies’ theoretical ideas. Instead of only emphasizing the connection between the work organization and the defence techniques applied unconsciously by the staff, Hinschelwood & Skogstad also emphasize the need to understand how the organizational culture is co-produced by psychodynamic defence mechanisms, how the defence techniques are underpinned by defensive myths and how the defence mechanisms contribute to the creation of specific atmospheres in organizations. In the empirical part of the paper I shall combine my inspiration from Menzies (defence systems and defence techniques) with my inspiration from Hinschelwood & Skogstad (defensive myths and specific atmospheres) to demonstrate different aspects of psycho-social defence that may be elicited by applying different perspectives of understanding and different empirical methods. The case for the empirical analyses will be the learning environment amongst teachers at HTX, a general and technical degree for students in their last three years of high school. The case study aims to uncover the social learning environment in an organization marked by extensive organizational and pedagogical transformation processes. I conclude the paper by discussing some advantages and disadvantages of the psychoanalytical organizational research tradition focussing on the empirical analysis of learning environments in contrast to other theoretical and methodological paradigms. References Andersen, A. S. & Andersen, V. (2007): Learning Environments for Academic Employees: Possibilities and Hurdles. Human Ressource Development Review (HRDR). Andersen, A. S. & Trojaborg, R. S. (2007). Life History and Learning in Working Life. In West, L.; Alheit, P.; Andersen, A. S. & Merrill, B. (eds.), Using Biographical and Life History Approaches in the Study of Adult and Lifelong Learning: European Perspectives. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang – Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften. Hinshelwood, R. D. & Skogstad, W. (2000),Observing Organisations – Anxiety, defence and culture in health care. Great Britain: Routledge. Menzies, I.

Andersen, Anders Siig

36

Two types of Temporal when clauses in Hausa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hausa has simple temporal clauses, introduced by the conjunction dà ‘when', that many researchers derive from temporal relative clauses introduced by lookàcin dà ‘time that', through the deletion of the pseudo head word lookàcii ‘time'. This paper shows that this analysis, however natural it may appear, is inadequate. Indeed, the two temporal clauses have different uses, which would not be surprising if simple temporal clauses are derivationally independent from temporal relative cl...

Abdoulaye, Mahamane L.

2009-01-01

37

48 CFR 203.570-3 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 203.570-3 ...Practices 203.570-3 Contract clause. Use the clause at...Prohibition on Persons Convicted of Fraud or Other Defense-Contract-Related Felonies, in...

2010-10-01

38

An Analysis Of Grammatical Constructions Of Noun Clauses Found In Selected Info Articles Of Hello Magazine  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis entitled An Analysis Of Grammatical Construction of Noun Clauses Found in Selected Info Articles of Hello Magazine, discusses about the grammatical construction of noun clauses found in three selected info articles of Hello Magazine. There are three problems discussed in this thesis; the noun clause elements, the noun clauses patterns and the noun clauses patterns that do not follow the grammarians’ rule. The objectives of this study is to find out the elements that are used to ...

Lestari, Triana

2014-01-01

39

Effects of Action Relations on the Configural Coding between Objects  

Science.gov (United States)

Configural coding is known to take place between the parts of individual objects but has never been shown between separate objects. We provide novel evidence here for configural coding between separate objects through a study of the effects of action relations between objects on extinction. Patients showing visual extinction were presented with…

Riddoch, M. J.; Pippard, B.; Booth, L.; Rickell, J.; Summers, J.; Brownson, A.; Humphreys, G. W.

2011-01-01

40

TRANSFORMING OBJECT ORIENTED DATA MODEL TO RELATIONAL DATA MODEL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The object oriented and relational technologies are originated in distinct paradigms. The object-oriented technology is universally accepted approach for the development of business applications since it offers more appropriate methods and facilities for modelling of the real world objects. Meanwhile, relational database is still used to preserve the persistence of enterprise data. Connecting these two paradigms is not a straightforward task and necessitates a systematic mapping from one to another. Mapping from object model to relational database demands special attention because it would yield an object-relational impedance mismatch. One of the essential concepts in object technology is the idea of inheritance, and unfortunately relational database does not support this notion. This paper seeks to address various approaches in mapping from inheritance to tables and demonstrates how object-relational tool could be used to help software developers.

Mohd Khalid Awang

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

The inter-relations between spatial and object factors during sustained visual attention to dynamic objects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of our research was to investigate attention to dynamic visual stimuli. Observers were instructed to attentively track a variable number of moving visual objects for a sustained period of several minutes. At random intervals, a target stimulus of brief duration was presented inside one of these objects and observers were required to identify it. The number of relevant objects to be tracked and the grouping strength among objects that had to be attended, operationalized as the size of relative area among those objects, were manipulated. The results indicated that only a single object could be attentively tracked, unless the objects formed a perceptual group. In this case, more than one dynamic object could be attended, but effectiveness of attention would be mediated by perception of the spatial relations among them.

David Soto

2009-01-01

42

O-ODM Framework for Object-Relational Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Object-Relational Databases introduce new features which allow manipulating objects in databases. At present, many DBMS offer resources to manipulate objects in database, but most application developers just map class to relations tables, failing to exploit the O-R model strength. The lack of tools that aid the database project contributes to this situation. This work presents O-ODM (Object-Object Database Mapping, a persistent framework that maps objects from OO applications to database objects. Persistent Frameworks have been used to aid developers, managing all access to DBMS. This kind of tool allows developers to persist objects without solid knowledge about DBMSs and specific languages, improving the developers’ productivity, mainly when a different DBMS is used. The results of some experiments using O-ODM are shown.

Carlos Alberto Rombaldo Jr

2012-09-01

43

Medieval English root clauses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The movement operation Verb Second moves the finite verb from its base-generated position in VP to C via the I node within the Chomsky (1986 framework. As the finite verb and the complementiser are in complementary distribution, the above predicts that, contrary to fact, Verb Second is not possible in embedded clauses. However, in Frisian and Swedish Verb Second does occur in embedded clauses. This entails that a lexical complementiser does not always prevent a finite verb from undergoing Verb Second. 'The aim of this paper is to provide a survey of Old English and Middle English root clauses particularly with respect to Verb Second. Old English does not strictly conform to Verb Second in declarative root clauses. In Old English finite verbs also occur in first position and in third position in declarative root clauses. A comparison with Icelandic data will be provided as this language displays all three verb placements in declarative head main clauses as well.

H. W. Broekman

1993-05-01

44

Object-Oriented Translation for Programmable Relational System (DRAFT)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper introduces the principles of object-oriented translation for target machine which provides executing the sequences of elementary operations on persistent data presented as a set of relations (programmable relational system). The language of this target machine bases on formal operations of relational data model. An approach is given to convert both the description of complex object-oriented data structures and operations on these data, into a description of relatio...

Grigoriev, Evgeniy

2013-01-01

45

Temporal dynamics of action perception: Differences on ERP evoked by object-related and non-object-related actions.  

Science.gov (United States)

While neuropsychological dissociations suggest that distinct processes are involved in execution or perception of transitive (object-related) and intransitive (non-object-related) actions, the few neuroimaging studies that directly contrasted the brain activations underlying transitive and intransitive gesture perception failed to find substantial differences between the two action types. However, the distinction could be visible on brain activity timing within the fronto-parietal network. In this study, we used Event-Related Potential (ERP) method to assess the temporal dynamics of object-related and non-object-related action processing. Although both meaningful, only object-related actions involve object motor features. Accordingly, perception of the two action types would show distinct neural correlates. Participants were presented with four movie types (ORA, Object-Related Action, NORA: Non-Object-Related Action and 2 control movies) and were instructed to perform tasks that required explicit or implicit action recognition (specific action recognition or color change detection). Movies were presented as Point-Light Display (PLD) and thus provided only information about gesture kinematics regardless of action type. ERP were computed during movie visual perception and analyzed as a function of movie type and task. The main result revealed a difference between ORA and NORA on the amplitude of the P3a component in the fronto-parietal region. The difference observed around 250ms after movie onset do not likely origin from variation in low-level visual features or attention resource allocation. Instead, we suggest that it reflects incidental recruitment of object attributes during object-related action perception. The exact nature of these attributes is discussed. PMID:25204513

Wamain, Yannick; Pluciennicka, Ewa; Kalénine, Solène

2014-10-01

46

Object relations and real life relationships: a cross method assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the relationship between the psychoanalytic concept of object relations and real life behavior of being in an intimate relationship among heterosexual women. In a multi-method approach we used two different measures; the self-report Bell Object Relations and Reality Testing Inventory (BORRTI; Bell, Billington & Becker, 1986) and the performance based Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Social Cognition & Object Relations Scale- Global Rating Method SCORS-G (Westen, 1995) to measure the object relations of 60 women. The Alienation subscale of the BORRTI and understanding of social causality subscale of the SCORS-G explained 34.8% of variance of the intimate relationship variable. Thus, women involved in a romantic relationship reported lower rates of alienation on the BORRTI and produced TAT narratives that were more adaptive with regard to understanding of social causality as measured by the SCORS-G than those not currently in a relationship. Results are discussed with reference to the relationship between object relations and real life measures of healthy individuals and in light of the need for a multi-method approach of assessment. PMID:24506278

Handelzalts, Jonathan E; Fisher, Shimrit; Naot, Rachel

2014-04-01

47

Learning Spatial Relations between Objects From 3D Scenes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Ongoing cognitive development during the first years of human life may be the result of a set of developmental mechanisms which are in continuous operation [1]. One such mechanism identified is the ability of the developing child to learn effective preconditions for their behaviours. It has been suggested [2] that through the application of behaviours involving more than one object, infants begin to learn about the relations between objects.

Mustafa, Wail; Kraft, Dirk

2013-01-01

48

The impact of object relations theory on psychodynamic group therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Object relations theory is seen as a conceptual framework that adds to the classical Freudian structural theory. The synchrony between the two theories is manifest in psychodynamic group psychotherapy. This paper explores the convergence of these theories, emphasizing concepts from object relations theory and focusing on three major aspects as they appear in therapy groups: the evolution of the transference neurosis, group membership as a transitional phenomenon, and group therapy for the resolution of ego-syntonic character pathology. Examples of patients emerging from schizoid to paranoid and then to depressive positions of ego organization illustrate the concepts. PMID:6496781

Alonso, A; Rutan, J S

1984-11-01

49

Contrast source inversion method applied to relatively high contrast objects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents a contrast source inversion method for microwave tomography with improved performance with respect to the popular multiplicative regularized contrast source inversion (MR-CSI) method when the contrast of the object under study is relatively high. More precisely, some shortcomings of MR-CSI which may prevent it from performing adequately on higher contrast objects are outlined. The proposed method does not suffer from such shortcomings, but necessitates the tuning of parameters. However, a unique set of parameters can be used in a wide variety of experimental conditions related to a given application. Simple guidelines to determine their values are provided

50

Universals in Relative Clause Acquisition: Evidence from Child and Adult L1 and L2 Learners of Hindi-Urdu.  

Science.gov (United States)

The performance of native and nonnative Hindi-Urdu speaking children (N=131) and adults (N=30) in the comprehension of the Hindi-Urdu correlative constructions was analyzed. Results indicated that Hindi-Urdu correlative constructs are acquired relatively late by both native and nonnative speakers, suggesting that language universals are available…

Hansen, Lynne

1986-01-01

51

Visual appearance of wireframe objects in special relativity  

Science.gov (United States)

The visual appearance of a moving object in special relativity can be constructed in a straightforward manner when representing the surface of the object, or at least a wire frame model of it, as a point cloud. The apparent position of each individual point is then found by intersecting its worldline with the observer?s backward light cone. In this paper, we present a complete derivation of the apparent position of a point and some more complex geometric objects for general parameter settings (configurations). We implemented our results in python and asymptote and used these tools to generate scripts that create the figures in this paper. These scripts are directly applicable in an undergraduate course to special relativity and can also serve as the basis for student projects with the aim to study more complex sceneries.

Müller, Thomas; Boblest, Sebastian

2014-11-01

52

Visual appearance of wireframe objects in special relativity  

CERN Document Server

The visual appearance of a moving object in special relativity can be constructed in a straightforward manner when representing the surface of the object, or at least a wire frame model of it, as a point cloud. The apparent position of each individual point is then found by intersecting its worldline with the observer's backward light cone. In this paper, we present a complete derivation of the apparent position of a point and some more complex geometric objects for general parameter settings (configurations). We implemented our results in python and asymptote and used these tools to generate scripts that create the figures in this paper. These scripts are directly applicable in an undergraduate course to special relativity and can also serve as the basis for student projects with the aim to study more complex sceneries.

Müller, Thomas

2014-01-01

53

Intelligence-Related Differences in the Relative Salience of Object-Property Relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results indicated that retarded Ss, relative to normal Ss of all ages, responded particularly slowly to static property statements when objects were animate, and to intrinsic-action properties when objects were inanimate. (Author/DLS)

Roaden, Saundra K.; And Others

1980-01-01

54

Modeling Spatial Data within Object Relational-Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spatial data can refer to elements that help place a certain object in a certain area. These elements are latitude, longitude, points, geometric figures represented by points, etc. However, when translating these elements into data that can be stored in a computer, it all comes down to numbers. The interesting part that requires attention is how to memorize them in order to obtain fast and various spatial queries. This part is where the DBMS (Data Base Management System that contains the database acts in. In this paper, we analyzed and compared two object-relational DBMS that work with spatial data: Oracle and PostgreSQL.

Iuliana BOTHA

2011-03-01

55

Migration from Relational Database into Object Oriented Database  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Object-Oriented Technology is an important discipline in the field of software engineering in general and it is, therefore, natural to ask whether it is relevant to the field of database management in particular and what that relevance is. There is, however, no consensus on answer to these questions. Some authorities believe that object oriented database systems will take over the world replacing relational system whereas others believe that they are suited only to certain very specific problems and will never capture more than a small fraction of the overall market. Object-Oriented technology represents real world very well, focusing on data rather than procedure and gives more security to data. Also, it is safe from unauthorized use of data because it provides three access specifiers viz. private, public and protected and strictly provides security to data in database. This technology also provides function as well as data together so that the data can be manipulated by the given function. In this paper, we show that how the data is more secure in object-oriented database than in relational database and also why do we migrate from RDBMS into OODBMS.

Mansaf Alam

2006-01-01

56

Nasazení Object Relation Mapping nástroj? nad legacy datovým modelem  

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Full Text Available When modernizing an information system it is necesssary to deal with problems and questions modernization brings. The new system is inovated by new technologies and must preserve data which controls. It happends very often that old system cannot be shutdown and replaced by new system in single step. Then it’s necessary to share one database among various systems and transfer responsibilities to the new system continually. This solution brings problematic situations which are discussed in this paper. Transactional access using object relation mapping is presented together with non-transactional relation/procedural access with shared database objects. Other presented restriction is that number of database changes should be as small as possible.

Ond?ej Berger

2012-12-01

57

The Network Configuration of an Object Relational Database Management System  

Science.gov (United States)

The networking and implementation of the Oracle Database Management System (ODBMS) requires developers to have knowledge of the UNIX operating system as well as all the features of the Oracle Server. The server is an object relational database management system (DBMS). By using distributed processing, processes are split up between the database server and client application programs. The DBMS handles all the responsibilities of the server. The workstations running the database application concentrate on the interpretation and display of data.

Diaz, Philip; Harris, W. C.

2000-01-01

58

An object oriented relational database for assessing radioactive material transport  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

EnviroView is an object oriented relational database used for inventory control and monitoring locations of radioactive and toxic materials. Visual images of local sites, building locations, floor plans, and room interiors can be accessed by the user. In the event of a release to the environment, analytical, finite element, and boundary element based dispersion models are available to calculate atmospheric transport, groundwater transport, and/or transport within a building interior. The software runs on 386/486 PCs and workstations

59

Solutions for the Object-Relational Databases Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The need for databases occurs in the moment when takes place an informatics system development. Moreover, databases are an important step in this process. For this reason, this paper deals with object-relational databases implementation as part of informatics systems development. The practical implementation is made on a decision support system (DSS prototype, which can be applied in the uncertain and unpredictable environments, like the production and the prediction of the wind energy

Manole VELICANU

2011-12-01

60

Database Independent Migration of Objects into an Object-Relational Database  

CERN Document Server

CERN's (European Organization for Nuclear Research) WISDOM project [1] deals with the replication of data between homogeneous sources in a Wide Area Network (WAN) using the extensible Markup Language (XML). The last phase of the WISDOM (Wide-area, database Independent Serialization of Distributed Objects for data Migration) project [2], indicates the future directions for this work to be to incorporate heterogeneous sources as compared to homogeneous sources as described by [3]. This work will become essential for the CERN community once the need to transfer their legacy data to some other source, other then Objectivity [4], arises. Oracle 9i - an Object-Relational Database (including support for abstract data types, ADTs) appears to be a potential candidate for the physics event store in the CERN CMS experiment as suggested by [4] & [5]. Consequently this database has been selected for study. As a result of this work the HEP community will get a tool for migrating their data from Objectivity to Oracle9i.

Ali, A; Munir, K; Waseem-Hassan, M; Willers, I

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Fundamentals for the Automation of Object-Relational Database Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the market there is a wide amount of CASE tools for the design of relational databases. Object-relational database management system (ORDBMS emerged at the end of the 90s to incorporate the object technology into the relational databases, allowing the treatment of more complex data and relationships than its predecessor. The design for this database model is not straightforward. Most of the works proposed in the literature fail because they do not provide consistent transformation formalization such that the mappings from the conceptual model to the logical schema can be automated to generate an ORDB design toolkit. This is one of the goals of this paper. For this purpose, UML class diagram metamodel for the conceptual design and SQL:2003 standard metamodel for logical schemas are considered. A characterization of the components involved in the ORDB design is made in order to propose mapping rules that can be further automated. The architecture of a CASE tool prototype is presented. Model Driven Architecture for software design and XML for the model definitions and transformations are employed.

Maria Fernanda Golobisky

2011-05-01

62

Study of Object Substitution Masking Using Event-related Potential  

Science.gov (United States)

We make use of especially visual information though we are using a lot of information among modality in daily life. However, there is a difference between the real world and the perception of visual world. For instance, conscious perception of a briefly presented target can be reduced by a subsequent dot mask that does not touch it. However, the theory of this phenomenon, called Object Substitution Masking (OSM), is not clear. We investigated this issue by examining the effect of OSM on the N170 component of the event-related potential (ERP). As expected, subsequent dot mask significantly reduced accuracy in identifying the target. The N170 amplitude of P4 was also diminished by OSM. It was suggested that OSM is concerned in right posterior parietal cortex.

Nuruki, Atsuo; Yamada, Masafumi; Kawabata, Takuro; Shimozono, Tomoyuki; Yunokuchi, Kazutomo

63

Object Recognition and Object Segregation in Infancy: Historical Perspective, Theoretical Significance, "Kinds" of Knowledge, and Relation to Object Categorization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reflects on Needham's findings on infants' object recognition and segregation. Examines the role for perceptual bias in explaining infant performance, places Needham's studies in historical perspective, and assesses their theoretical significance. Discusses the merits of positing different kinds of information sources for object segregation, and…

Quinn, Paul C.; Bhatt, Ramesh S.

2001-01-01

64

Chemical compositions of RV tauri stars and related objects  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Hemos emprendido un análisis de las abundancias químicas para una muestra de estrellas RV Tauri poco estudiadas, para mejorar nuestro entendimiento de la evolución estelar post-secuencia asintótica de las gigantes (post-AGB).Nuestro estudio se basa en espectros de alta resolución y en una malla de m [...] odelos atmosféricos. Encontramos indicaciones de un leve proceso-s para V820 Cen y IRAS 06165+3158. Por otra parte, SU Gem y BT Lac muestran los efectos de una ligera separación polvo-gas. Hemos reunido los datos existentes sobre las abundancias de objetos RV Tauri, y encontramos que una gran parte de ellos muestra efectos de separación polvo-gas. En nuestro estudio encontramos un pequeño grupo de estrellas RV Tauri galácticas con evidencia del proceso-s ligeramente aumentado. Dos de tres objetos con evidencia de proceso-s aumentado pertenecen a la clase C de objetos RV Tauri. Estos objetos, pobres en metales, son candidatos prometedores para el estudio del proceso-s en las estrellas RV Tauri. Abstract in english We have undertaken a comprehensive abundance analysis for a sample of relatively unexplored RV Tauri and RV Tauri like stars to further our understanding of post-Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) evolution. From our study based on high resolution spectra and a grid of model atmospheres, we find ind [...] ications of mild s-processing for V820 Cen and IRAS 06165+3158. On the other hand, SU Gem and BT Lac exhibit the effects of mild dust-gas winnowing. We have also compiled the existing abundance data on RV Tauri objects and find that a large fraction of them are afflicted by dust-gas winnowing and aided by the present work, we find a small group of two RV Tauris showing mild s-process enhancement in our Galaxy. With two out of three reported s-process enhanced objects belonging to RV Tauri spectroscopic class C, these intrinsically metal-poor objects appear to be promising candidates to analyse the possible s-processing in RV Tauri stars.

S., Sumangala Rao; Sunetra, Giridhar.

2014-04-01

65

Chemical compositions of RV tauri stars and related objects  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in spanish Hemos emprendido un análisis de las abundancias químicas para una muestra de estrellas RV Tauri poco estudiadas, para mejorar nuestro entendimiento de la evolución estelar post-secuencia asintótica de las gigantes (post-AGB).Nuestro estudio se basa en espectros de alta resolución y en una malla de m [...] odelos atmosféricos. Encontramos indicaciones de un leve proceso-s para V820 Cen y IRAS 06165+3158. Por otra parte, SU Gem y BT Lac muestran los efectos de una ligera separación polvo-gas. Hemos reunido los datos existentes sobre las abundancias de objetos RV Tauri, y encontramos que una gran parte de ellos muestra efectos de separación polvo-gas. En nuestro estudio encontramos un pequeño grupo de estrellas RV Tauri galácticas con evidencia del proceso-s ligeramente aumentado. Dos de tres objetos con evidencia de proceso-s aumentado pertenecen a la clase C de objetos RV Tauri. Estos objetos, pobres en metales, son candidatos prometedores para el estudio del proceso-s en las estrellas RV Tauri. Abstract in english We have undertaken a comprehensive abundance analysis for a sample of relatively unexplored RV Tauri and RV Tauri like stars to further our understanding of post-Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) evolution. From our study based on high resolution spectra and a grid of model atmospheres, we find ind [...] ications of mild s-processing for V820 Cen and IRAS 06165+3158. On the other hand, SU Gem and BT Lac exhibit the effects of mild dust-gas winnowing. We have also compiled the existing abundance data on RV Tauri objects and find that a large fraction of them are afflicted by dust-gas winnowing and aided by the present work, we find a small group of two RV Tauris showing mild s-process enhancement in our Galaxy. With two out of three reported s-process enhanced objects belonging to RV Tauri spectroscopic class C, these intrinsically metal-poor objects appear to be promising candidates to analyse the possible s-processing in RV Tauri stars.

S., Sumangala Rao; Sunetra, Giridhar.

66

Perception of Object-Context Relations: Eye-Movement Analyses in Infants and Adults  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Twenty-eight 4-month-olds’ and 22 20-year-olds’ attention to object-context relations was investigated using a common eye-movement paradigm. Infants and adults scanned both objects and contexts. Infants showed equivalent preferences for animals and vehicles and for congruent and incongruent object-context relations overall, more fixations of objects in congruent object-context relations, more fixations of contexts in incongruent object-context relations, more fixations of objects than con...

Bornstein, Marc H.; Mash, Clay; Arterberry, Martha E.

2011-01-01

67

Allocentric Coding of Object-to-Object Relations in Overlearned and Novel Environments  

Science.gov (United States)

R. F. Wang and E. S. Spelke's (2000) finding that disorientation disrupts knowledge is consistent with egocentric but not allocentric coding of object location. The present experiments tested the hypothesis that egocentric coding may dominate early on but that once an allocentric representation is established, then target location is retrieved…

Holmes, Melinda C.; Sholl, M. Jeanne

2005-01-01

68

How to start a V2 declarative clause: Transfer of syntax vs. information structure in L2 German  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses V2 word order and information structure in Swedish, German and non-native German. Concentrating on the clause-initial position of V2 declaratives, the ‘prefield’, we investigate the extent of L1 transfer in a closely related L2. The prefield anchors the clause in discourse, and although almost any type of element can occur in this position, naturalistic text corpora of native Swedish and native German show distinct language-specific patterns. Certain types of elements are more common than others in clause-initial position, and their frequencies in Swedish differ substantially from German (subjects, fronted objects, certain adverbs. Nonnative cross-sectional production data from Swedish learners of German at beginner, intermediate and advanced levels are compared with native control data, matched for age and genre (Bohnacker 2005, 2006, Rosén 2006. The learners’ V2 syntax is largely targetlike, but their beginnings of sentences are unidiomatic. They have problems with the language-specific linguistic means that have an impact on information structure: They overapply the Swedish principle of “rheme later” in their L2 German, indicating L1 transfer at the interface of syntax and discourse pragmatics, especially for structures that are frequent in the L1 (subject-initial and expletive-initial clauses, and constructions with så (‘so’ and object det (‘it/that’.

Ute Bohnacker

2008-02-01

69

Objectivities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I argue that one in particular of Crispin Wright’s attempts to capture our common or intuitive concepts of objectivity, warrant, and other associated notions, relies on an ambiguity between a given constructivist reading of the concepts and at least one other, arguably more ‘ordinary’, version of the notions he tries to accommodate. I do this by focusing on one case in point, and concluding with a brief argument showing how this case generalises. I demonstrate why this ambiguity is unacceptable and also that its resolution undermines the aim it serves: to account for and accommodate our ordinary conception of (at least objectivity, warrant (or justification and truth.

Penelope A Rush

2012-07-01

70

On the density of EKOs and related objects  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently published mass determinations of EKO binaries, combined with photometric size determinations, allow to derive a mean density of the distant minor planets of ?0.2 g cm-3. This agrees well with the nuclear density of 1P/Halley of 0.26 g cm-3, determined in the Giotto mission, and it suggests that these low density objects are essentially undifferentiated planetesimals.

Altenhoff, W. J.; Bertoldi, F.; Menten, K. M.; Thum, C.

2005-10-01

71

Object Interference in Subject-Verb Agreement: The Role of Intermediate Traces of Movement  

Science.gov (United States)

The research presented here uses theoretical constructs of formal syntax to account for performance data in agreement production. The phenomenon examined is object interference in French, i.e., incorrect agreement of the verb with the object. In the first experiment, interference is shown to occur in object relative clauses despite the absence of…

Franck, Julie; Soare, Gabriela; Frauenfelder, Ulrich H.; Rizzi, Luigi

2010-01-01

72

Management by Objectives: Authentic Assessment in a Public Relations Practicum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporation of management principles in the classroom can motivate students to successfully complete project work. The Communication Arts Department at Georgia Southern University developed a Public Relations Event Management course in which the students were responsible for planning a campus-wide special event to raise funds for two clients.…

Fall, Lisa T.

73

48 CFR 970.3270 - Standard financial management clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Standard financial management clauses. 970.3270 ...Financing 970.3270 Standard financial management clauses. (a) The following...FAR clauses are standard financial management clauses. The...

2010-10-01

74

48 CFR 925.7004 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...ACQUISITION Acquisition of Nuclear Hot Cell Services 925.7004 Contract clause...225-70, Subcontracting for Nuclear Hot Cell Services, in solicitations and contracts involving nuclear hot cell services. This clause does not...

2010-10-01

75

Proposed Framework which Uses Object Oriented Principles in Relational Systems: Structure and Formating (Part 2  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our approach tries to overcome the limitations of so called “flat nature” of relational systems, in the actual context of actual relational database theories, database systems technologies and object oriented methodologies by proposing an MDA framework to map an object oriented (UML formalized model to object-relational structures of today’s database systems.

Catalin STRIMBEI

2006-01-01

76

Stellar debris clouds in quasars and related objects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The density and velocity dispersion in the stellar debris cloud produced by the tidal break-up of stars by the central black hole in a galactic nucleus are consistent with these clouds being the origin of the observed forbidden lines in quasars. The debris cloud is gravitationally bound to the central black hole. The accretion disk around the black hole produced enough ionizing photons to keep the debris cloud completely ionized. Collisions among the broken-up stars in the debris cloud cause them to lose energy and to fall towards the central black hole and its accretion disk. Most of this material impacts the accretion disk in the vicinity of the tidal radius of the black hole. The high-temperature gas produced by this impact may be responsible for the high-energy X-rays observed in the more luminous quasars and in radio galaxies. The relative scarcity of strong radio emitters among the normal quasars may be due to the fact that free-free absorption in the debris cloud prevents radio emission from reaching the observer from the dense inner part of the debris cloud and to the severe energy loss the relativistic particles have suffered by the time they have travelled sufficiently far from the centre of the debris cloud for their radio emission to be observable. Only after the black hole has seriously reduced the density of stars in the galactic nucleus and the luminosity of the quasar has begun to drop does the density in the debris cloud decrease sufficiently to allowebris cloud decrease sufficiently to allow the relativistic particles to escape without considerable energy loss. The giant radio galaxies have a number of properties which suggest that they are old quasars which have evolved past their maximum luminosity phase. Most Seyferts are also likely to be old quasars. (author)

77

Penalty Clauses and the CISG  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Commercial agreements often provide for “fixed sums” payable upon a specified breach. Such agreements are generally enforced in civil law jurisdictions. In contrast, the common law distinguishes between “liquidated damages” and “penalty” clauses, enforcing the former, while invalidating the latter as a penalty. The UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG does not directly address the payment of “fixed sums” as damages, and the validity of “penalty” clauses has, traditionally, been relegated to otherwise applicable domestic national law under CISG Article 4. This traditional orthodoxy has recently been challenged—suggesting that the fate of a penalty clause should be determined by reference to the general principles of the CISG and that such a clause should generally be enforced. The validity of fixed sums, as penalties, is currently under consideration by the CISG Advisory Council, so further exploration of the issue would seem particularly timely. This article examines the basis for the traditional view, along with two distinct challenges to that view—ultimately concluding that these challenges fail to support their respective solutions to the issue and suggesting the continuing vitality of the traditional view.

Jack Graves

2012-06-01

78

Perception of Object-Context Relations: Eye-Movement Analyses in Infants and Adults  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty-eight 4-month-olds' and twenty-two 20-year-olds' attention to object-context relations was investigated using a common eye-movement paradigm. Infants and adults scanned both objects and contexts. Infants showed equivalent preferences for animals and vehicles and for congruent and incongruent object-context relations overall, more fixations…

Bornstein, Marc H.; Mash, Clay; Arterberry, Martha E.

2011-01-01

79

Avoiding revenue loss due to 'lesser of' contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

Finance managers seeking to avoid lost revenue attributable to lesser-of-charge-or-fixed-fee (lesser-of) clauses in their contracts should: Identify payer contracts that contain lesser-of clauses. Prepare lesser-of lost-revenue reports for non-bundled and bundled rates. For claims with covered charges below the bundled rate, identify service codes associated with the greatest proportion of total gross revenue and determine new, higher charge levels for those codes. Establish an approach for setting charges for non-bundled fee schedules to address lost-revenue-related issues. Incorporate changes into overall strategic or hospital zero-based pricing modeling and parameters. PMID:25145034

Stodolak, Frederick; Gutierrez, Henry

2014-08-01

80

Scientific Opinion on a request from the European Commission related to the safeguard clause notified by Greece on genetically modified maize MON 810 according to Article 23 of Directive 2001/18/EC  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Following a request of the European Commission, the European Food Safety Authority’s Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (EFSA GMO Panel evaluated the documentation submitted by Greece in support of its request for the prohibition of the placing on the market of the genetically modified maize MON 810 according to Article 23 of Directive 2001/18/EC. The EFSA GMO Panel notes that the majority of the publications referred to by Greece were already addressed by the EFSA GMO Panel in previous scientific outputs on maize MON 810 or other related insect-resistant genetically modified maize transformation events. In the remaining evidence provided by Greece, the EFSA GMO Panel could not identify any new data subject to scientific scrutiny or scientific information that would invalidate its previous risk assessments of maize MON 810. With regard to issues related to management and monitoring of maize MON 810, the EFSA GMO Panel refers to its recent recommendations for management and monitoring measures of maize MON 810. In conclusion, the EFSA GMO Panel considers that, based on the documentation submitted by Greece, there is no specific scientific evidence, in terms of risk to human and animal health or the environment, that would support the notification of a safeguard clause under Article 23 of Directive 2001/18/EC and that would invalidate the GMO Panel’s previous risk assessments of maize MON 810.

EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
81

Clause Boundary Identification using Classifier and Clause Markers in Urdu Language  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in english This paper presents the identification of clause boundary for the Urdu language. We have used Conditional Random Field as the classification method and the clause markers. The clause markers play the role to detect the type of subordinate clause, which is with or within the main clause. If there is [...] any misclassification after testing with different sentences then more rules are identified to get high recall and precision. Obtained results show that this approach efficiently determines the type of sub-ordinate clause and its boundary.

Daraksha, Parveen; Ratna, Sanyal; Afreen, Ansari.

82

Clause Boundary Identification using Classifier and Clause Markers in Urdu Language  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: English Abstract in english This paper presents the identification of clause boundary for the Urdu language. We have used Conditional Random Field as the classification method and the clause markers. The clause markers play the role to detect the type of subordinate clause, which is with or within the main clause. If there is [...] any misclassification after testing with different sentences then more rules are identified to get high recall and precision. Obtained results show that this approach efficiently determines the type of sub-ordinate clause and its boundary.

Daraksha, Parveen; Ratna, Sanyal; Afreen, Ansari.

2011-06-01

83

48 CFR 3437.271 - Services of consultants clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Services of consultants clause. 3437.271 Section 3437...Services 3437.271 Services of consultants clause. The contracting officer...clause in 3452.237-71, Services of Consultants, in all solicitations and...

2010-10-01

84

48 CFR 49.505 - Other termination clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Other termination clauses. 49.505 Section 49.505 Federal Acquisition Regulations...Contract Termination Clauses 49.505 Other termination clauses. ...development on a fee basis, when a cost-reimbursement contract is...

2010-10-01

85

Relational and Object-Relational Database Concepts in Geographic Information Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The management of spatial data in relational databases provides a number of advantages compared to traditional (separated) approaches where geometry and metadata are kept in file systems as opposed to alphanumeric data that reside in relational databases. Above all relational databases ensure efficient spatial data management by providing multi-user support and better control of spatial data quality. In addition relational database approaches lead to significant improvements for wide usage an...

Scheugenpflug, Stefan Johannes

2007-01-01

86

Material Adverse Effect Clause – Proper Legal Work or Contribution to False Sense of Security?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Regardless of whether you are a buyer or a seller, and regardless what the object of the contract is, it is essentially important that you seek to protect your rights through various clauses that must aim to provide clearness to contractual obligations, defini- tions of breach, and consequences thereof. The article addresses a number of interest- protective legal mechanisms and necessity of their explicit incorporation in the contract. With emphasis on Material Adverse Effect clause the paper focuses on its exigency and applicability.

Fomcenco, Alex

2014-01-01

87

Rigorous Kinetic Modeling and Optimization Study of a Modified Claus Unit for an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Power Plant with CO{sub 2} Capture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The modified Claus process is one of the most common technologies for sulfur recovery from acid gas streams. Important design criteria for the Claus unit, when part of an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plant, are the ability to destroy ammonia completely and the ability to recover sulfur thoroughly from a relatively low purity acid gas stream without sacrificing flame stability. Because of these criteria, modifications to the conventional process are often required, resulting in a modified Claus process. For the studies discussed here, these modifications include the use of a 95% pure oxygen stream as the oxidant, a split flow configuration, and the preheating of the feeds with the intermediate pressure steam generated in the waste heat boiler (WHB). In the future, for IGCC plants with CO{sub 2} capture, the Claus unit must satisfy emission standards without sacrificing the plant efficiency in the face of typical disturbances of an IGCC plant, such as rapid change in the feed flow rates due to load-following and wide changes in the feed composition because of changes in the coal feed to the gasifier. The Claus unit should be adequately designed and efficiently operated to satisfy these objectives. Even though the Claus process has been commercialized for decades, most papers concerned with the modeling of the Claus process treat the key reactions as equilibrium reactions. Such models are validated by manipulating the temperature approach to equilibrium for a set of steady-state operating data, but they are of limited use for dynamic studies. One of the objectives of this study is to develop a model that can be used for dynamic studies. In a Claus process, especially in the furnace and the WHB, many reactions may take place. In this work, a set of linearly independent reactions has been identified, and kinetic models of the furnace flame and anoxic zones, WHB, and catalytic reactors have been developed. To facilitate the modeling of the Claus furnace, a four-stage method was devised so as to determine which set of linearly independent reactions would best describe the product distributions from available plant data. Various approaches are taken to derive the kinetic rate expressions, which are either missing in the open literature or found to be inconsistent. A set of plant data is used for optimal estimation of the kinetic parameters. The final model agrees well with the published plant data. Using the developed kinetics models of the Claus reaction furnace, WHB, and catalytic stages, two optimization studies are carried out. The first study shows that there exists an optimal steam pressure generated in the WHB that balances hydrogen yield, oxygen demand, and power generation. In the second study, it is shown that an optimal H{sub 2}S/SO{sub 2} ratio exists that balances single-pass conversion, hydrogen yield, oxygen demand, and power generation. In addition, an operability study has been carried out to examine the operating envelope in which both the H{sub 2}S/SO{sub 2} ratio and the adiabatic flame temperature can be controlled in the face of disturbances typical for the operation of an IGCC power plant with CO{sub 2} capture. Impact of CO{sub 2} capture on the Claus process has also been discussed.

Jones, Dustin; Bhattacharyya, Debangsu; Turton, Richard; Zitney, Stephen E.

2012-02-08

88

48 CFR 246.710 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the clause at 252.246-7002, Warranty of Construction (Germany), instead of the clause at FAR 52.246-21, Warranty...contract will be awarded and contract performance will be in Germany. [56 FR 36460, July 31, 1991, as amended at 62 FR...

2010-10-01

89

48 CFR 228.370 - Additional clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...vicinity of contractor premises; and (B) Incidental to work performed under the contract. (3) Follow the procedures at PGI 228.370(b) when using the clause at 252.228-7001. (c) The clause at 252.228-7003, Capture and...

2010-10-01

90

Effects of Transference Work in the Context of Therapeutic Alliance and Quality of Object Relations  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: Transference interpretation is considered as a core active ingredient in dynamic psychotherapy. In common clinical theory, it is maintained that more mature relationships, as well as a strong therapeutic alliance, may be prerequisites for successful transference work. In this study, the interaction between quality of object relations,…

Hoglend, Per; Hersoug, Anne Grete; Bogwald, Kjell-Petter; Amlo, Svein; Marble, Alice; Sorbye, Oystein; Rossberg, Jan Ivar; Ulberg, Randi; Gabbard, Glen O.; Crits-Christoph, Paul

2011-01-01

91

Perception and Production of Object-Related Grasping in 6-Month-Olds  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, 6-month-olds' perception of an object-related human grasping action was compared with their level of grasping performance using a within-participants design. In the action perception task, infants were presented with the video of an actor's grasping movement toward an occluded target object. Subsequently, an expected and an…

Daum, Moritz M.; Prinz, Wolfgang; Aschersleben, Gisa

2011-01-01

92

The Diskionary: A Glossary of Terms Commonly Used for Disks and Related Objects, First Edition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on a panel discussion at the meeting "New Light on Young Stars: Spitzer's View of Circumstellar Disks", we provide some definitions of common usage of terms describing disks and related objects.

Evans, Neal; Calvet, Nuria; Cieza, Lucas; Forbrich, Jan; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Lada, Charlie; Meri?n, Bruno; Strom, Steve; Watson, Dan

2009-01-01

93

A Framework for Parallel Processing of Aggregate and Scalar Functions in Object-Relational DBMS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nowadays parallel object-relational DBMS are envisioned as the next great wave but there is still a lack of efficient implementation concepts for some parts of the proposed functionality. One of the current goals for parallel object-relational DBMS is to move towards higher performance. In our view the main potential for performance increases lies in providing additional optimization and execution information for ADTs, as queries can be executed much more efficiently if the developer teaches ...

Michael Jaedicke; Bernhard Mitschang

2014-01-01

94

Object-related regularities are processed automatically: Evidence from the visual mismatch negativity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most challenging tasks of our visual systems is to structure and integrate the enormous amount of incoming information into distinct coherent objects. It is an ongoing debate whether or not the formation of visual objects requires attention. Implicit behavioural measures suggest that object formation can occur for task-irrelevant and unattended visual stimuli. The present study investigated pre-attentive visual object formation by combining implicit behavioural measures and an electrophysiological indicator of pre-attentive visual irregularity detection, the visual mismatch negativity (vMMN of the event-related potential. Our displays consisted of two symmetrically arranged, task-irrelevant ellipses, the objects. In addition, there were two discs of either high or low luminance presented on the objects, which served as targets. Participants had to indicate whether the targets were of the same or different luminance. In separate conditions, the targets either usually were enclosed in the same object or in two different objects (standards. Occasionally, the regular target-to-object assignment was changed (deviants. That is, standards and deviants were exclusively defined on the basis of the task-irrelevant target-to-object assignment but not on the basis of some feature regularity. Although participants did not notice the regularity nor the occurrence of the deviation in the sequences, task-irrelevant deviations resulted in increased reaction times. Moreover, compared with physically identical standard displays deviating target-to-object assignments elicited a negative potential in the 246 – 280 ms time window over posterio-temporal electrode positions which was identified as vMMN. With variable resolution electromagnetic tomography (VARETA object-related vMMN was localized to the inferior temporal gyrus. Our results support the notion that the visual system automatically structures even task-irrelevant aspects of the incoming information into objects.

DagmarMüller

2013-06-01

95

A case Study of Applying Object-Relational Persistence in Astronomy Data Archiving  

Science.gov (United States)

The NOAO Science Archive (NSA) team is developing a comprehensive domain model to capture the science data in the archive. Java and an object model derived from the domain model weil address the application layer of the archive system. However, since RDBMS is the best proven technology for data management, the challenge is the paradigm mismatch between the object and the relational models. Transparent object-relational mapping (ORM) persistence is a successful solution to this challenge. In the data modeling and persistence implementation of NSA, we are using Hibernate, a well-accepted ORM tool, to bridge the object model in the business tier and the relational model in the database tier. Thus, the database is isolated from the Java application. The application queries directly on objects using a DBMS-independent object-oriented query API, which frees the application developers from the low level JDBC and SQL so that they can focus on the domain logic. We present the detailed design of the NSA R3 (Release 3) data model and object-relational persistence, including mapping, retrieving and caching. Persistence layer optimization and performance tuning will be analyzed. The system is being built on J2EE, so the integration of Hibernate into the EJB container and the transaction management are also explored.

Yao, S. S.; Hiriart, R.; Barg, I.; Warner, P.; Gasson, D.

2005-12-01

96

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 573 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 573—Sample Clauses Link to an...may use the following sample clauses, if the clause...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1: We...personal information about customers and former...

2010-01-01

97

17 CFR Appendix B to Part 160 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 160—Sample Clauses This...may use the following sample clauses, if the clause...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1 We collect...personal information about customers and former...

2010-04-01

98

17 CFR Appendix B to Subpart A of... - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Subpart A of Part 248—Sample Clauses Link to an...may use the following sample clauses, if the clause...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1: We...personal information about customers and former...

2010-04-01

99

Differential neuronal representation of spatial attention dependent on relative target locations during multiple object tracking.  

Science.gov (United States)

Humans can simultaneously track multiple moving objects with attention. The number of objects that can be tracked is known to be larger when visual stimuli are presented bilaterally rather than presented unilaterally. To elucidate the underlying neuronal mechanism, we trained monkeys to covertly track a single or multiple object(s). We found that neurons in the lateral prefrontal cortex exhibited greater activity for the target passing through the receptive field (RF) than for distractors. During multiple-object tracking, response enhancement for one target presented in the RF was stronger when the other target was located in the opposite than the same visual hemifield. Because the neuronal modulation did not differ depending on relative target locations with respect to upper and lower visual hemifields, the distance between the targets does not explain the results. We propose that inherent, anatomical separation of visual processing for contralateral and ipsilateral visual fields might constrain cognitive capacity. PMID:25057198

Matsushima, Ayano; Tanaka, Masaki

2014-07-23

100

The k0 and relative INAA methods to determine elements in entire archaeological pottery objects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The advantages of instrumental neutron activation analysis applied to archaeological ceramics have been enhanced through the analysis of entire objects, using both the k 0 method and the relative method, respectively, to determine the concentrations of chemical elements in aliquots of replicate objects used as comparators and in the sample object. Twenty-two chemical elements of archaeological importance were measured in mud figurines from Caral civilization (5000 year BC), irradiated inside a well-characterized radial channel facility of the nuclear research reactor at IPEN, Peru. The results showed less than 10 % of bias for most of the elements. (author)

 
 
 
 
101

Objective measures of emotion related to brand attitude: a new way to quantify emotion-related aspects relevant to marketing.  

Science.gov (United States)

With this study we wanted to test the hypothesis that individual like and dislike as occurring in relation to brand attitude can be objectively assessed. First, individuals rated common brands with respect to subjective preference. Then, they volunteered in an experiment during which their most liked and disliked brand names were visually presented while three different objective measures were taken. Participant's eye blinks as responses to acoustic startle probes were registered with electromyography (EMG) (i) and their skin conductance (ii) and their heart rate (iii) were recorded. We found significantly reduced eye blink amplitudes related to liked brand names compared to disliked brand names. This finding suggests that visual perception of liked brand names elicits higher degrees of pleasantness, more positive emotion and approach-oriented motivation than visual perception of disliked brand names. Also, skin conductance and heart rate were both reduced in case of liked versus disliked brand names. We conclude that all our physiological measures highlight emotion-related differences depending on the like and dislike toward individual brands. We suggest that objective measures should be used more frequently to quantify emotion-related aspects of brand attitude. In particular, there might be potential interest to introduce startle reflex modulation to measure emotion-related impact during product development, product design and various further fields relevant to marketing. Our findings are discussed in relation to the idea that self reported measures are most often cognitively polluted. PMID:22073192

Walla, Peter; Brenner, Gerhard; Koller, Monika

2011-01-01

102

The Information Structure of Adverbial Clauses in Chinese Discourse  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated adverbial clauses in spoken as well as written Chinese discourse. The adverbial clauses in the spoken data were categorized into (i) initial clauses that occur in the initial position with respect to their linked material across continuing intonation, (ii) final clauses that occur in the final position with respect to their linked material across continuing intonation, and (iii) final clauses that occur in the final position with respect to their linked material across...

Yu-Fang Wang

2006-01-01

103

48 CFR 923.7003 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...environmental, safety and health clauses in DOE contracts...appropriate Office of Health, Safety and Security personnel. (b) When work...occupational safety and health standards applicable...and Health into Work Planning and Execution,...

2010-10-01

104

48 CFR 923.103 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...ENERGY SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, CONSERVATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Sustainable Acquisition 923.103 Contract...Insert the clause at 952.223-78, Sustainable Acquisition Program, or its...

2010-10-01

105

48 CFR 503.1004 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Contractor Code of Business Ethics and Conduct 503.1004 Contract clauses. (a) The FAR...

2010-10-01

106

48 CFR 1403.1004 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Contractor Code of Business Ethics and Conduct 1403.1004 Contract clause. (a) In all awards...

2010-10-01

107

48 CFR 1846.674 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.246-72, Material Inspection and Receiving Report, in solicitations and contracts, except those using simplified acquisition procedures or where the only deliverable items are technical or scientific...

2010-10-01

108

48 CFR 370.701 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...ACQUISITION Acquisitions Under the Leadership Act 370.701 Contract clause...receive funding under the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and...Officer shall consult with the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the...

2010-10-01

109

Cataclysmic binaries and related objects in the context of stellar evolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cataclysmic binaries (CBs) and related objects are discussed in the context of stellar evolution. Present knowledge about these objects and present theories about their formation are reviewed. Problems relating to the secondary components, including mass loss and the possibility of evolved secondaries, are addressed. Theoretical predictions of the mass spectrum of white dwarfs are compared with observations, and the formation of massive white dwarfs in CBs is discussed. The theoretical possibility that white dwarfs in CBs are continuously accreting is addressed, and the reason for the secondary's mass loss and its implications for the evolution of CBs are considered

110

Commerce international, clause sociale et développement durable  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La dimension sociale du développement durable peut être illustrée par les débats récurrents portant sur l'insertion d'une clause sociale dans le cadre des règles de droit du commerce international portée par l'OMC. cependant cette insertion s'avérant de plus en plus difficile, le cadre multilatéral des négociation commerciales internationales tend à être mis de coté par les Etats afin de privilégier un cadre bilatéral où la clause sociale peut plus facilement être utilisée

Reis, Patrice

2010-01-01

111

Object relations and ego development: comparison and correlates in middle childhood.  

Science.gov (United States)

The significance of ego development and object relations for adaptation and adjustment in middle childhood was examined in a study of 92 nine- to twelve-year-old children. Subjects completed the Sentence Completion Test (SCT) and the Blatt Object Relations Scale (BORS) in individual sessions. BORS ratings were factor analyzed and a predominant factor of parental nurturance emerged. This factor was positively related to children's self-reported perceptions of parental involvement and autonomy support but was unrelated to the SCT. SCT findings revealed an expected pattern for middle childhood with the preponderance of children falling into impulsive, self-protective, and conformist stages of ego development. Both the SCT and BORS were examined in relation to aspects of children's cognitive and social functioning, assessed via teacher ratings, peer sociometrics, self-evaluations, and academic achievement records. Results showed that the SCT was primarily related to cognitive complexity variables, while the object relations measure was associated with both peer and self-evaluations. These nonoverlapping relations with varied child outcomes are discussed both in terms of methodological limitations and theoretical significance. PMID:3193345

Avery, R R; Ryan, R M

1988-09-01

112

Variability in Hot Subdwarfs and Related Objects from the Palomar-Green Catalog  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a selection of objects chosen from the Palomar-Green (PG) Catalog of Ultraviolet Excess Stellar Objects to search for variability. Variability could be from eclipsing binaries, cataclysmic variables, the irradiation effect and many others. The PG catalog used the Palomar 18 inch telescope to look for stars that were brighter in the ultraviolet than normal stars. One result of the PG catalog was a discovery of hot subdwarfs (sd) that dominated the sky. We chose 988 stars because they were classified in the PG catalog as sd stars or as related objects and present an analysis of 475. We used the Catalina Real-Time Transient Survey and the UBVRI photometric standard stars from Landolt to find that approximately 60 of these objects show evidence of being variable.

Blacketer, Melissa; Ringwald, Fred

2014-06-01

113

Managing XML Data to optimize Performance into Object-Relational Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper propose some possibilities for manage XML data in order to optimize performance into object-relational databases. It is detailed the possibility of storing XML data into such databases, using for exemplification an Oracle database and there are tested some optimizing techniques of the queries over XMLType tables, like indexing and partitioning tables.

Iuliana BOTHA

2011-06-01

114

Object-Relational Databases: An Area with Some Theoretical Promises and Few Practical Achievements  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper tries to point out some of the promises, quarrels, achievements, and perspectives of the forced marriage between the relational and object-oriented data models, from both theoretical and implementation perspectives. As practical O-R achievements, the latest SQL standards (SQL:1999-2008 and Oracle implementation are discussed.

Marin Fotache

2009-12-01

115

A COMPARISON OF THE TURKIC TYPE RELATIVE CLAUSE TYPOLOGY WITH JAPANESE, KOREAN AND HUNGRAIAN TYPOLOGIES TÜRK D?L? SIFAT-F??LL? YAPI T?POLOJ?S?N?N JAPON, KORE VE MACAR T?POLOJ?LER? ?LE KAR?ILA?TIRILMASI  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this present study, we dealt with relative clause typologies in the world languages in general and Turkic Type Relative Clause typology in particular. By doing this, we compared Turkish relative clause construction with Japanese, Korean and Hungarian ones, which are all considered in Uralic and Altaic Language Family. In doing this, we made use of Chomskian theories called Generative-Transformational Grammar and Governement and Binding Thoery. As is known, Chomsky declared that all languages have the same typolgy in the Deep Structure. The changes among languages are witnessed in Surface Structure. There is a transformation between deep structure and surface structure. It means that, a noun pharse can be moved to another place leaving an empty place behind by constructing a chain between the empty place and its antecedents (moved element. When we compared Turkic type relative clause typology with Japanese, Korean and Hungarian, we amasingly saw that the strategies are the same in these langauges. Bu çal??mada, dünya dillerinde önemli bir yere sahip olan s?fat-fiilli yap?lar?n tipolojilerini inceledik. Bunu yapmaktaki amac?m?z, Türk Dili Tipi S?fat-fiilli Yap? tipolojinsin dünya dilleri aras?ndaki yerini tespit etmek ve benzer tipolojiler ile kar??la?t?rmakt?r. Türk dili ile akraba oldu?u varsay?lan Japon, Kore ve Macar dillerini, s?fat-fiil tipolojileri aç?s?nda analiz ederek Türk Dili Tipolojisi ile olan benzerlikleri ortaya koymaya çal??t?k. S?fat-fiil tipolojisini analiz ederken, Chomsky’nin Üretken-Dönü?ümlü Dil Bilgisi ve Yönetim ve Ba?lama Kuram?’ndan faydaland?k. Dilin yap?sal olarak incelenmesi gerekti?ini ileri süren Chomsky, derin yap? ve yüzey yap? kavramlar? ile ta??n?m ve dönü?ümün bütün diller için kaç?n?lmaz bir gerçeklik oldu?unu gösterdi. Biz de bu çal??mada ad öbe?i ta??n?m? ve bo?luk kuram? ?????nda, s?fat-fiilli yap? tipolojilerini kar??la?t?rmal? olarak ele ald?k ve Türk, Japon, Kore ve Macar dilleri aras?ndaki ?a??rt?c? benzerli?i, öbek yap? ve söz dizimi seviyesinde tespit ettik.

Ferhat KARABULUT

2011-01-01

116

The Information Structure of Adverbial Clauses in Chinese Discourse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated adverbial clauses in spoken as well as written Chinese discourse. The adverbial clauses in the spoken data were categorized into (i initial clauses that occur in the initial position with respect to their linked material across continuing intonation, (ii final clauses that occur in the final position with respect to their linked material across continuing intonation, and (iii final clauses that occur in the final position with respect to their linked material across final intonation. Those in the written data were classified into (i initial and (ii final clauses that occur in the initial or final clauses that occur in the initial or final position, respectively, with respect to their main clauses. An analysis of the spoken and written data shows that the temporal, conditional, and concessiveclauses are quite different from the other adverbial clauses. Specifically, the causal clauses commonly appear in the final position with respect to their associated material in the spoken data, while the initial and final causal clauses are nearly evenly distributed in the written data. The data suggest that temporal, conditional, and concessive clauses, like topics, are presupposed parts of their sentences; i.e., all of them may be thought of as establishing frameworks for the interpretation of propositions that follow, which seem to be prototypically textual in their functioning. By contrast, causal clauses in Chinese are noticeably distinct from other adverbial clauses not only in spoken data, but also in written data; they play interactional as well as textual roles in discourse linking.

Yu-Fang Wang

2006-06-01

117

Determinants of Institutional Objectives and Risk Identification: Relative Relationship – Case of a University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the determinants of institutional Objectives and institutional-wide risk identification. In this study, guided by both qualitative and quantitative methods, the researcher uses content analysis and Speraman’s ranked correlation analysis to investigate relationship between determinants of institutional Objectives and institutional-wide risk identification. The researcher also controls for other determinant using partial correlation analysis. The results were in two folds. Firstly -the University under investigation does not identify and prioritise its risks to a sufficient standard- that the University’s’ key risks are not linked to its strategic objectives- that the University does not ensure that the awareness of the institution’s key risks is cascaded downward, upward or horizontally through out the university employees. Secondly, the findings indicated that - there was strong, positive correlation between F1 (clientele base-institutional objectives and risk identification activity- in contrast, there was no relationship between F2 (opportunity for learning and risk identification- meanwhile, there was evidence to suggest good agreement between F3 (sources of risk and risk identification- finally, there was a strong, negative correlation between F4 (alumina related institutional objective and risk identification.

Anass BAYAGA

2010-04-01

118

Advantages Of Object-Oriented Over Relational Databases On Real-Life Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Business, manufacturing and other kinds of databases have been implemented by the relational database technology. The transition from one generation to the next has always been necessitated by the ever-increasing complexity of database applications and the cost of implementing, maintaining, and extending these applications. Accordingly, whatever the application areas of the relational database technology are, the basic shortcomings and weaknesses of this discipline are valid. On the other hand, the object-oriented database technology forms a good basis for all kinds of database applications, e.g., CAD/CAM/CASE/CIM systems, knowledge management systems, and others, due to its flexible, effective, and extensible data modeling and application formalism. In this study, two popular database technologies, the relational and object-oriented, are briefly introduced and their general characteristics are discussed. The purpose of this study is to point-out and compare the important features of relational and object-oriented databases, for the sake of understanding the pros and cons of these technologies before implementing them. 

Hakan Butuner

2013-09-01

119

Multiple degree of freedom object recognition using optical relational graph decision nets  

Science.gov (United States)

Multiple-degree-of-freedom object recognition concerns objects with no stable rest position with all scale, rotation, and aspect distortions possible. It is assumed that the objects are in a fairly benign background, so that feature extractors are usable. In-plane distortion invariance is provided by use of a polar-log coordinate transform feature space, and out-of-plane distortion invariance is provided by linear discriminant function design. Relational graph decision nets are considered for multiple-degree-of-freedom pattern recognition. The design of Fisher (1936) linear discriminant functions and synthetic discriminant function for use at the nodes of binary and multidecision nets is discussed. Case studies are detailed for two-class and multiclass problems. Simulation results demonstrate the robustness of the processors to quantization of the filter coefficients and to noise.

Casasent, David P.; Lee, Andrew J.

1988-01-01

120

Universal Charge-Radius Relation for Subatomic and Astrophysical Compact Objects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Electron-positron pair creation in supercritical electric fields limits the net charge of any static, spherical object, such as superheavy nuclei, strangelets, and Q balls, or compact stars like neutron stars, quark stars, and black holes. For radii between 4x102 and 104 fm the upper bound on the net charge is given by the universal relation Z=0.71Rfm, and for larger radii (measured in femtometers or kilometers) Z=7x10-5Rfm2=7x1031Rkm2. For objects with nuclear density the relation corresponds to Z?0.7A1/3 (10812) and Z?7x10-5A2/3 (A>1012), where A is the baryon number. For some systems this universal upper bound improves existing charge limits in the literature

 
 
 
 
121

The article in oblique relative clauses [prep.+ (definitive art.) + que] in 18th century hispanoamerican texts El artículo en las relativas oblicuas [prep. + (art. definido) + que] en textos americanos del siglo XVIII = The article in oblique relative clauses [prep.+ (definitive art.) + que] in 18th century hispanoamerican texts  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of the article in sentences like la casa en (la) que vivo, among other variations, is today less frequently used in Hispanoamerica. Although we know that this structure, documented as early as the 13th century, became more wide-spread in the 18th century, little is known about its evolution at the time in American sources. I study the evolution of this phenomenon, basing myself exclusively on 18th century American texts. I also explore which factors are apparently related to...

Guzma?n Rivero?n, Martha

2013-01-01

122

The relation between energy efficiency and other general objectives from a socioeconomic perspective  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An important question in the analysis of energy efficiency programs and their consequences is: How are objectives and instruments defined? E.g. if the objective is reduced carbon dioxide emissions and energy efficiency is the means to reach the objective, then it is not certain that increased energy efficiency will give the result as expected (1). Furthermore, energy efficiency measures will probably be an inefficient way of reaching the goal (2). (1) due to the rebound effects, and (2) since the measures are applied indiscriminately, energy use with only weak couplings to the objective are also affected. Energy efficiency is a partial and relative measure, and does not give much information studied in isolation. It should rather be studied from the perspective of total resource efficiency. Economic policy ought to have the goal of securing a socioeconomic exploitation of all resources (of which energy is one). An instrument working in this direction is internalizing of external effects e.g. through environmental taxes, so that the prices reflect the socioeconomic costs for using the resources. Early foreign studies indicates that a rebound effect exists, usually, however, the technological efficiency potentials can be realized. In a recent study of Swedish conditions, the rebound effect seems to be important. It totally negates the initial effect, at in the end the emissions have increased compared to the starting point. The results show the energy efficiency measures can be in direct conflict with climate and other environmental objectives.

123

Event-related potentials reveal increased distraction by salient global objects in older adults  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Age-related changes in visual functions influence how older individuals perceive and react upon objects in their environment. In particular, older individuals might be more distracted by highly salient, irrelevant information. Kanizsa figures induce a ‘global precedence’ effect, which reflects a processing advantage for salient whole-object representations relative to configurations of local elements not inducing a global form. We investigated event-related potential (ERP) correlates of age-related decline in visual abilities, and specifically, distractibility by salient global objects in visual search. Older participants detected target stimuli slower and less accurate than younger participants did. ERPs indicated that the general performance decline originated at multiple stages within the information-processing stream, from sensory coding to spatial allocation of attention: The P1 was decreased, the N1 was enhanced, and the posterior contralateral negativity (PCN) was decreased and delayed in older age. Wefurther found a stronger a global precedence effect in the older group. This was associated with age differences in short-latency ERPs: The younger group showed a more pronounced P1 in global than local search, in the older group, the P1 did not vary with search conditions. In addition, only older participants obtained a contralateral lateralization in the N1 time range towards the salient Kanizsa distracter in local search. These results suggest that the age-specific increase in global-local asymmetries originates from early processing stages, where the dissociation of hierarchical levels is less distinct, and inhibition of the salient irrelevant global object information is less effective

Wiegand, Iris

124

Adding Hierarchical Objects to Relational Database General-Purpose XML-Based Information Managements  

Science.gov (United States)

NETMARK is a flexible, high-throughput software system for managing, storing, and rapid searching of unstructured and semi-structured documents. NETMARK transforms such documents from their original highly complex, constantly changing, heterogeneous data formats into well-structured, common data formats in using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and/or Extensible Markup Language (XML). The software implements an object-relational database system that combines the best practices of the relational model utilizing Structured Query Language (SQL) with those of the object-oriented, semantic database model for creating complex data. In particular, NETMARK takes advantage of the Oracle 8i object-relational database model using physical-address data types for very efficient keyword searches of records across both context and content. NETMARK also supports multiple international standards such as WEBDAV for drag-and-drop file management and SOAP for integrated information management using Web services. The document-organization and -searching capabilities afforded by NETMARK are likely to make this software attractive for use in disciplines as diverse as science, auditing, and law enforcement.

Lin, Shu-Chun; Knight, Chris; La, Tracy; Maluf, David; Bell, David; Tran, Khai Peter; Gawdiak, Yuri

2006-01-01

125

The Hilbert space of conditional clauses  

CERN Document Server

Context. The well known problems of interpretation of quantum mechanics mean that physical law lacks physical basis. Aims. To abstract the formalism of quantum mechanics from assertions about the world with clear physical meaning. Methods. Kets are defined as conditional clauses referring to measurements in a formal language. It is seen that these clauses are elements of a Hilbert space, such that addition is logical disjunction, the dual space consists of consequent clauses, and the inner product is a set of statements in the subjunctive mood. The probability interpretation gives truth values for corresponding future tense statements when the initial state is prepared and the final state is to be measured. Results. The mathematical structure of quantum mechanics is formulated in terms of discrete measurement results at finite level of accuracy and does not depend on an assumption of a substantive, or background, spacetime continuum. A continuum of kets, |x> for x in R^3, is constructed from linear combinatio...

Francis, Charles

2012-01-01

126

Reduced object related negativity response indicates impaired auditory scene analysis in adults with autistic spectrum disorder  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Auditory Scene Analysis provides a useful framework for understanding atypical auditory perception in autism. Specifically, a failure to segregate the incoming acoustic energy into distinct auditory objects might explain the aversive reaction autistic individuals have to certain auditory stimuli or environments. Previous research with non-autistic participants has demonstrated the presence of an Object Related Negativity (ORN in the auditory event related potential that indexes pre-attentive processes associated with auditory scene analysis. Also evident is a later P400 component that is attention dependent and thought to be related to decision-making about auditory objects. We sought to determine whether there are differences between individuals with and without autism in the levels of processing indexed by these components. Electroencephalography (EEG was used to measure brain responses from a group of 16 autistic adults, and 16 age- and verbal-IQ-matched typically-developing adults. Auditory responses were elicited using lateralized dichotic pitch stimuli in which inter-aural timing differences create the illusory perception of a pitch that is spatially separated from a carrier noise stimulus. As in previous studies, control participants produced an ORN in response to the pitch stimuli. However, this component was significantly reduced in the participants with autism. In contrast, processing differences were not observed between the groups at the attention-dependent level (P400. These findings suggest that autistic individuals have difficulty segregating auditory stimuli into distinct auditory objects, and that this difficulty arises at an early pre-attentive level of processing.

Veema Lodhia

2014-02-01

127

48 CFR 970.3270 - Standard financial management clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...FAR clauses are standard financial management clauses. The...Alternate IV in management and operating...Accounts, records, and inspection...5203-1, Management controls. ...Cost Accounting Standards. (6)...

2010-10-01

128

48 CFR 3437.270 - Consulting services reporting clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Consulting services reporting clause. 3437.270...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Consulting Services 3437.270 Consulting services reporting clause. The...

2010-10-01

129

48 CFR 229.402-70 - Additional clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...When contract performance will be in Germany, use the clause with its Alternate I...252.229-7002, Customs Exemptions (Germany), in solicitations and contracts requiring...of U.S. manufactured products into Germany. (c) Use the clause at...

2010-10-01

130

48 CFR 437.270 - Solicitation and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...The contracting officer shall insert a clause substantially the same as the clause at 452.237-78, Contracts with Consulting Firms for Services, in solicitations and contracts for consulting services which prohibit follow-on contracts with...

2010-10-01

131

48 CFR 970.2301-2 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...clause at 970.5223-6, Sustainable and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Practices, or its Alternate I in contracts for...contract clause applies to contractors that are responsible for the management and operation...

2010-10-01

132

48 CFR 229.402-70 - Additional clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...the clause at 252.229-7005, Tax Exemptions (Spain), in solicitations...the clause at 252.229-7006, Value Added Tax Exclusion (United Kingdom...229-7009, Relief from Customs Duty and Value Added Tax on Fuel (Passenger...

2010-10-01

133

48 CFR 245.107-70 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Contract clause. Use the clause at 252.245-7000, Government-Furnished Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy Property, in solicitations and contracts when mapping, charting, and geodesy property is to be...

2010-10-01

134

17 CFR Appendix B to Part 160 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Sample Clauses B Appendix B to Part 160 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY... PRIVACY OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL INFORMATION Pt. 160, App. B Appendix B to Part 160—Sample Clauses This appendix only...

2010-04-01

135

Prefrontal and striatal activity related to values of objects and locations  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The value of an object acquired by a particular action often determines the motivation to produce that action. Previous studies found neural signals related to the values of different objects or goods in the orbitofrontal cortex, while the values of outcomes expected from different actions are broadly represented in multiple brain areas implicated in movement planning. However, how the brain combines the values associated with various objects and the information about their locations is not known. In this study, we tested whether the neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC and striatum in rhesus monkeys might contribute to translating the value signals between multiple frames of reference. Monkeys were trained to perform an oculomotor intertemporal choice in which the color of a saccade target and the number of its surrounding dots signaled the magnitude of reward and its delay, respectively. In both DLPFC and striatum, temporally discounted values associated with specific target colors and locations were encoded by partially overlapping populations of neurons. In the DLPFC, the information about reward delays and temporally discounted values of rewards available from specific target locations emerged earlier than the corresponding signals for target colors. Similar results were reproduced by a simple network model built to compute temporally discounted values of rewards in different locations. Therefore, DLPFC might play an important role in estimating the values of different actions by combining the previously learned values of objects and their present locations.

DaeyeolLee

2012-07-01

136

Simple Ontology of Manipulation Actions based on Hand-Object Relations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Humans can perform a multitude of different actions with their hands (manipulations). In spite of this, so far there have been only a few attempts to represent manipulation types trying to understand the underlying principles. Here we first discuss how manipulation actions are structured in space and time. For this we use as temporal anchor points those moments where two objects (or hand and object) touch or un-touch each other during a manipulation. We show that by this one can define a relatively small tree-like manipulation ontology. We find less than 30 fundamental manipulations. The temporal anchors also provide us with information about when to pay attention to additional important information, for example when to consider trajectory shapes and relative poses between objects. As a consequence a highly condensed representation emerges by which different manipulations can be recognized and encoded. Examples of manipulations recognition and execution by a robot based on this representation are given at theend of this study.

Wörgötter, Florentin; Aksoy, E. E.

2013-01-01

137

THE UNPREDICTABILITY CLAUSE IN TRANSPORT CONTRACTS, ACCORDING TO THE NEW CIVIL CODE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Until the enforcement of the highly controversial transport law, transport companies must already observe the provisions of the new Civil Code1 in their transport business. One of the novelties in the new Civil Code, that came into force on October 1, 2011, refers to the unpredictability clause: recurring to this clause, in certain situations to be precisely analysed by courts, parties may even be exempted from certain contractual obligations, when the court decides to rescind the contract based on objective criteria, not imputable to the party that no longer can properly fulfil the obligations that had been undertaken when the contract had been made. However, this solution only is provided after all means of negotiation and mediation between parties are exhausted. The clause meets current market requirements, under which many companies have to deal with bad paying partners.

Adriana Elena BELU

2014-05-01

138

Defense and object relational maturity on Thematic Apperception Test scales indicate levels of personality organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychoanalytic theories describe defense mechanisms and object relations as psychological structures that have functions vital to personality regulation. In theory, these structures develop in stages and emerge as a coordinated, stable system in early adulthood. However, different levels of maturity of systemic function predominate in various individuals so that people exhibit levels of personality organization (LPO; Kernberg, 1975) differing in degree of maturity. Moreover, the various LPO of adults parallel various developmental stages of maturity of these structures in childhood and predispose to varying psychopathologies. We call this the parallelism hypothesis: Adult LPO parallels the stages of childhood development of these structures. In 2 studies (Study 1, students, n = 301; Study 2, diagnosed and presumed normal people, n = 155), we compared indicators of LPO with relative maturity of defenses and object relations using Thematic Apperception Test (Murray, 1943) scales (Cramer, 1991; Westen, Lohr, Silk, Kerber, & Goodrich, 1989). We compared scores to other indicators of participants' LPO. The parallelism hypothesis was largely supported in both studies. PMID:20408024

Hibbard, Stephen; Porcerelli, John; Kamoo, Ray; Schwartz, Mark; Abell, Steven

2010-05-01

139

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 332 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 332—Sample Clauses This Appendix...may use the following sample clauses, if the...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1: We...personal information about customers and former...

2010-01-01

140

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 40 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 40—Sample Clauses This...may use the following sample clauses, if the...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...the bank collects. Sample Clause A-1: We...personal information about customers and former...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

16 CFR Appendix B to Part 313 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 313—Sample Clauses This...may use the following sample clauses, if the...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1 We collect...personal information about customers and former...

2010-01-01

142

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 216 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...Appendix B to Part 216—Sample Clauses Link to an...may use the following sample clauses, if the...reporting agency, may give rise to obligations...information you collect. Sample Clause A-1: We...personal information about customers and former...

2010-01-01

143

Parts and Relations in Young Children's Shape-Based Object Recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

The ability to recognize common objects from sparse information about geometric shape emerges during the same period in which children learn object names and object categories. Hummel and Biederman's (1992) theory of object recognition proposes that the geometric shapes of objects have two components--geometric volumes representing major object

Augustine, Elaine; Smith, Linda B.; Jones, Susan S.

2011-01-01

144

Modelling with Relational Calculus of Object and Component Systems - rCOS  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter presents a formalization of functional and behavioural requirements, and a refinement of requirements to a design for CoCoME using the Relational Calculus of Object and Component Systems (rCOS). We give a model of requirements based on an abstraction of the use cases described in Chapter 3.2. Then the refinement calculus of rCOS is used to derive design models corresponding to the top level designs of Chapter 3.4. We demonstrate how rCOS supports modelling different views and their relationships of the system and the separation of concerns in the development.

Chen, Zhenbang; Hannousse, Abdel Hakim

2008-01-01

145

Formalized description of basic structure of representation of matrix universal object-relational databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A formal description of the relational structure of data representation (SRD is expanded by its foreign level, corresponding to a set of databases that allows simultaneous work with several matrix universal object-relational data-bases (MUORDB. In MUORDB the possibility of formation of complex units of information is realized, for this the fifth dimension has been set. This does not contradict the properties of atomicity of relational databases. The concept of MUORDB formation is based first on the layout of the relational SRD in a joint matrix structure, i.e. metadata are represented in the same form as substan-tive information relational SRD. In MUORDB the structure of the tuple is deep-ened by one dimension and its element is extended from two to five compo-nents: a reference to a field (attribute of the table, meaning, the boundaries of time of limited information relevance of the tuple element, the number of the parent element in the tuple, designed for tree-like structure of complex information unit. The fundamental step in creating a MUORDB database is to develop a universal data type. The value of the generic type is placed in a dynamic array of byte type, which hosted at the seventh dimension of the MUORDB matrix. Thus, the final seven-dimensional matrix, consisting of six dynamic arrays and the sixth static array responsible for the tuple element is obtained.

Miklyaev Ivan Aleksandrovich

2011-02-01

146

Querying Uncertain Data in Geospatial Object-relational Databases Using SQL and Fuzzy Sets  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with uncertainty modeling in spatial object-relational databases by the use of Structured Query Language (SQL). The fundamental principles of uncertainty modeling by fuzzy sets are applied in the area of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases. A spatial database system includes types of spatial data and implements the spatial extension of SQL. The implementation of the principles of fuzzy logic to spatial databases brings an opportunity for the efficient processing of uncertain data, which is important, especially when using various data sources (e.g., multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) on the basis of heterogeneous spatial data resources). The modeling and data processing of uncertainties are presented in relation to the applicable International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards (standards of the series 19100 Geographic information) and the relevant specifications of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). The fuzzy spatial query approach is applied and tested on a case study with a fundamental database for GIS in Slovakia.

?ura?iová, R.

2013-12-01

147

Retrenchment Clauses in Faculty Union Contracts.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examination of retrenchment clauses in the faculty union contracts at 42 colleges and universities focused on implications for tenure rights and the roles prescribed for faculty and administrators. Concepts of financial exigency and shared governance are highlighted. Contracts were found to provide faculty with a limited and reactive role during…

Rhoades, Gary

1993-01-01

148

15 CFR 8.5 - Nondiscrimination clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...8.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of...origin; (ii) notify each labor union or representative of workers...clause and the notice to labor unions in conspicuous places...

2010-01-01

149

Rights granted in the habendum clause  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The habendum clause sets out the conditions for the continuance of a petroleum or natural gas lease during the primary term and during the events or circumstances which will continue the lease beyond the primary term. This paper describes the rights granted in the habendum clause. Typical older forms of freehold leases are compared with the model lease form and with the 1991 form of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Landmen (CAPL) Petroleum and Natural Gas lease. These comparisons were made in an effort to analyse the changes in the nature of the rights granted in the habendum clause. The most significant change is that the 1991 CAPL lease form avoids the 'unless' pitfalls of older forms by creating firstly the 'drill or pay' form of habendum clause, and by introducing the alternatives of paying either a lump sum one time rental or a periodic rental payment. The effect of these changes is that failure to make timely payments does not result in automatic termination of the lease, but rather one which must be made subject of a default notice by the lessor to the lessee.12 refs

150

Santa Claus and the Conservation of Energy  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines an amusing application of the concept of kinetic energy. Using some rudimentary physical notions, we have analysed the energetics of the motion of Santa Claus. The results, which are quite surprising, can be of interest to high school and early college physics educators when they teach kinetic energy, and energy conservation…

Hassani, Sadri

2005-01-01

151

Event-Related Potential (ERP) Indices of Infants' Recognition of Familiar and Unfamiliar Objects in Two and Three Dimensions  

Science.gov (United States)

We measured infants' recognition of familiar and unfamiliar 3-D objects and their 2-D representations using event-related potentials (ERPs). Infants differentiated familiar from unfamiliar objects when viewing them in both two and three dimensions. However, differentiation between the familiar and novel objects occurred more quickly when infants…

Carver, Leslie J.; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Dawson, Geraldine

2006-01-01

152

Experimental Study on Event-Related Potential for Objective Evaluation of Food  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to study the application of event-related potential (ERP) for performing objective evaluation of food, the ERP was measured when subjectively judging the appearance of food by three-grade scale with the opinion “like”, “favorite” and “more favorite”. Sushi and cooked rice were selected as typical foods. Five pictures of each food that the subjects liked were chosen before measurements, and then were used in opinion tests. As a result, the P300 component of the ERP was detected, and the P300 area (surrounded by ERP waveform from the latency 250 to 500ms) became larger when the subjects judged as “more favorite”, which indicates the feasibility of evaluation of food using the ERP.

Tanaka, Motoshi; Honma, Tomohiro; Inoue, Hiroshi; Niiyama, Yoshitsugu; Takahashi, Toru; Kumagai, Masanori; Akiyama, Yoshinobu

153

Object Substitution Masking in Schizophrenia: An Event-Related Potential Analysis  

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Full Text Available Schizophrenia patients exhibit deficits on visual processing tasks, including visual backward masking, and these impairments are related to deficits in higher-level processes. In the current study we used electroencephalography techniques to examine successive stages and pathways of visual processing in a specialized masking paradigm, four-dot masking, which involves masking by object substitution. Seventy-six schizophrenia patients and 66 healthy controls had event-related potentials (ERPs recorded during four-dot masking. Target visibility was manipulated by changing stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA between the target and mask, such that performance decreased with increasing SOA. Three SOAs were used: 0, 50, and 100 ms. The P100 and N100 perceptual ERPs were examined. Additionally, the visual awareness negativity (VAN to correct vs. incorrect responses, an index of reentrant processing, was examined for SOAs 50 and 100 ms. Results showed that patients performed worse than controls on the behavioral task across all SOAs. The ERP results revealed that patients had significantly smaller P100 and N100 amplitudes, though there was no effect of SOA on either component in either group. In healthy controls, but not patients, N100 amplitude correlated significantly with behavioral performance at SOAs where masking occurred, such that higher accuracy correlated with a larger N100. Healthy controls, but not patients, exhibited a larger VAN to correct vs. incorrect responses. The results indicate that the N100 appears to be related to attentional effort in the task in controls, but not patients. Considering that the VAN is thought to reflect reentrant processing, one interpretation of the findings is that patients’ lack of VAN response and poorer performance may be related to dysfunctional reentrant processing.

KristopherIanMathis

2013-02-01

154

Merger Clauses in Contracts Governed by Polish law  

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Full Text Available The use of so-called merger clauses while drafting contracts governed by the civil law is becoming increasingly popular. Since merger clauses originated from the common law, it is not easy to ascertain their legal effects under the civil law. This is also the case in Polish law. Not only is there little mention in the legal literature of the effects of merger clauses, but also legal scholars' views on the issue differ widely. This article tries to answer the question of what the legal effects of using merger clauses under Polish law are. Among others, it tackles the important issue of how a merger clause inserted into a contract influences the process of its interpretation and closing its loopholes. Moreover, it attempts to compare merger clauses' legal effects under Polish law and European private law model rules. The starting point of the analysis performed in the paper is the distinction between two functions of contractual clauses, which leads to a clearer description of the consequences of merger clauses' usage. The adoption of the aforementioned distinction leads to the conclusion that the legal effects of merger clauses under Polish law may be far more significant than is often considered. Additionally, it can be observed that these effects do not differ from the legal effects of merger clauses under European law model rules as much as has been claimed.

Rados?aw Struga?a

2013-06-01

155

Relative object detectability (ROD): a new metric for comparing x-ray image detector performance for a specified object of interest  

Science.gov (United States)

Relative object detectability (ROD) quantifies the relative performance of two image detectors for a specified object of interest by taking the following ratio: the integral of detective quantum efficiency of a detector weighted by the frequency spectrum of the object divided by that for a second detector. Four different detectors, namely the microangiographic fluoroscope (MAF), the Dexela Model 1207 (Dex) and Hamamatsu Model C10901D-40 (Ham) CMOS xray detectors, and a flat-panel detector (FPD) were compared. The ROD was calculated for six pairs of detectors: (1) Dex/FPD, (2) MAF/FPD, (3) Ham/FPD, (4) Dex/Ham, (5) MAF/Ham and (6) MAF/Dex for wires of 5 mm fixed length, solid spheres ranging in diameter from 50 to 600 microns, and four simulated iodine-filled blood vessels of outer diameters 0.4 and 0.5 mm, each with wall thicknesses of 0.1 and 0.15 mm. Marked variation of ROD for the wires and spheres is demonstrated as a function of object size for the various detector pairs. The ROD of all other detectors relative to the FPD was much greater than one for small features and approached 1.0 as the diameter increased. The relative detectability of simulated small iodine-filled blood vessels for all detector pairs was seen to be independent of the vessel wall thickness for the same inner diameter. In this study, the ROD is shown to have the potential to be a useful figure of merit to evaluate the relative performance of two detectors for a given imaging task.

Singh, V.; Jain, A.; Bednarek, D. R.; Rudin, S.

2014-03-01

156

On Translating English Attributive Clauses into Chinese  

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Full Text Available
Translating English attributive clauses into Chinese is one of the most knotty tasks for translators. This paper compares the syntactic differences between English and Chinese, and explores the possible methods of translating English attributive clauses into Chinese. It is suggested that the translator should bear in mind the syntactic differences, correctly grasp the original meaning and conform to the Chinese expressing rules in translation.
Key words: English attributive clause, syntactic difference, translation
Résumé: la traduction de la proposition attributive anglaise en chinois est une des tâches les plus épineuses pour les traducteurs. Cet article compare les différences syntaxiques entre l’anglais et le chinois, et explore les méthodes possibles de la traduction de la proposition attributive anglaise en chinois. Il est suggéré que les traducteurs doivent porter en tête les différences syntaxiques, correctement saisir le sens original et conformé aux règles de l’expression chinoise dans la traduction.
Mots-Clés: proposition attributive anglaise, différence syntaxique, traduction

Qi-min CHEN

2008-12-01

157

Subjective and objective wine quality in Central Mediterranean in relation to large scale climate patterns  

Science.gov (United States)

Subjective wine ranking is based on three factors: appearance (eye), smell (nose) and taste (palate); this kind of subjective ranking is often preferred over that based on technical objective means. Wine quality depends on its composition, which is a function of a number of factors: grapevine variety, soil type, cultivation techniques, and climate conditions. Between them, the soil is the main fixed factor; the positive trend is determined by a combination of improved cultural techniques and of warming related to climate change; while the climate variability is the main factor in determining the year-to-year wine quality variations. Therefore, the analysis of the grape composition before harvest is crucial for establishing the quality-climate correlations. In this work, 40 years of objective and subjective wine quality data collected in Italy are analyzed in relation to the climate conditions. Results show that the year-to-year quality variation of wines produced in North and Central Italy depends on the large scale climate variability, and that the wine quality improvement in the last four decades is partially due to an increase of temperature and to a decrease of the precipitations in West and Central Mediterranean Europe (WME; CME). In addition, wine quality is positively correlated with air temperature throughout the entire active period of the grapevine; weakly negatively correlated with precipitation in spring, and well negatively correlated in summer and fall. The month-to-month composites of the NAO anomaly show that, in years of good quality wine, this anomaly is negative in late spring, oscillates around zero in summer, and is positive in early fall; while, in years of bad quality wine, it is positive in late spring and summer, and negative in early fall; i.e. its polarity has an opposite sign in spring and fall in good versus bad years. The composite seasonal maps show that good wines are produced when the spring jet stream over Atlantic diverts most of the weather perturbations towards North Europe, still providing a sufficient amount of rainwater to CME; when summer warming induced by southerly winds is balanced by the cooling induced by westerly winds; and when a positive geopotential anomaly over WME shelters CME from fall Atlantic storms. Bad quality wines are produced when the jet stream favors the intrusion of the Atlantic weather perturbations into the Mediterranean. Results suggest that the persistence of atmospheric patterns can be used as precursor for wine quality forecast.

Baldi, Marina; Dalu, John David; Dalla Marta, Anna; Orlandini, Simone; Maracchi, Gianpiero; Dalu, Giovannangelo; Grifoni, Daniele; Mancini, Marco

2013-04-01

158

A Perpetual Search for the Idealized Lost Loved Object: An Object-relations Reading of Ian McEwan’s Enduring Love  

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Full Text Available This paper attempts to present the journey of mental suffering in Jed Parry, one of the major characters in Enduring Love. In this regard, it is noted that this journey begins and questions the borders of Self and Other in life and boundaries of love. Jed Parry is perceived as a religious fanatic and what comes next is Jed’s obsession with Joe and his attempt to convince him that they are in love, and at the same time Joe is preoccupied with the idea that Jed is obsessed with him. We present a close reading of Enduring Love by elucidating some of the psychoanalytical reflections on Jed via the lens of child-mother conceptual theory. Specifically, we explore the psychic anxieties and the influence of this early female figure on Jed’s interactions in light of Object Relations Theory of the psychoanalysis attributable to the Fairbairnian, Kleinnian, and Winnicottian analytic traditions. We trace the psychoanalytical origins of Jed’s anxieties and tensions into childhood and also highlight a much earlier female (mother influence. We will show how deprivation from the establishment of a satisfying contact with this primary love object (mother can wreak havoc in the character’s psyche and cause his ego to move towards establishing relations with his internal objects instead of natural, real objects in his external world.

Roohollah Reesi Sistani

2014-08-01

159

Characteristics of the Built Environment in Relation to Objectively Measured Physical Activity Among Mexican Adults, 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction The built environment correlates of physical activity are documented in high-income countries but have yet to be studied among Mexican adults. Our objectives were to assess the associations between characteristics of the built environment and physical activity among adults in Cuernavaca, Mexico, and to examine potential moderation by perceived park and neighborhood safety. Methods We conducted a population-based study of adults in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in 2011 (N = 677). Participants wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for 7 days. We used geographic information systems (GIS) to generate 500-m- and 1-km-buffer–based measures of net residential density, proportion of commercial land use, land-use mix, connectivity, walkability, and number of parks and transit routes. We also obtained data on distance to the nearest park with GIS. Perceived neighborhood and park safety were self-reported. We created quartile-based categories for all built environment characteristics and ran linear regression models to estimate the association between each characteristic and total weekly moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and MVPA within 10-minute bouts. Results Walkability was inversely related to total weekly minutes of MVPA (1-km buffer, ?46.9 [standard error, 20.0]; P = .03) and weekly minutes of MVPA within bouts (500-m buffer, ?31.5 [12.9]; P = .02). The number of transit routes in the 500-m buffer was inversely related to total weekly minutes of MVPA (?23.8 [10.6]; P = .04). Perception of park safety moderated the association between physical activity and having a park intersect the 500-m buffer. Conclusion Our findings contrast with those from high-income countries, suggesting that environmental programs and policies to increase physical activity in Mexican cities cannot be adapted from high-income countries without considering the local context. PMID:25167092

Reis, Rodrigo S.; Stein, Areyh D.; Rivera, Juan; Martorell, Reynaldo; Pratt, Michael

2014-01-01

160

An objective method to determine an area's relative significance for avian conservation  

Science.gov (United States)

Land managers are often concerned with providing habitat affords the 'best habitat for songbirds.' However, unless management simply is directed at rare species it may not be clear which habitats or management options are best. A standard, quantifiable measure to compare the significance of different tracts of land or competing management techniques for avian conservation would benefit managers in decision making. I propose a standard measure that is based on the relative density of each species within a finite area and their respective regional Partners in Flight concern scores. I applied this method to > 100 reforested sites in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley that ranged in age from 2 to 32 years. The objectively determined avian conservation significance for each of these reforested sites was correlated with stand age and with my subjective assessment of 'habitat quality.' I also used this method to compare the avian conservation significance of forested habitats before and after selective timber harvest with high significance for avian conservation provided habitat for species of conservation concern. I recommend application of this methodology to other and areas under different management, to determine its usefulness at predicting avian conservation significance among habitats and at various avian densities.

Twedt, D.J.

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Bi-Objective Optimization Based on Compromise Method for Horizontal Fragmentation in Relational Data Warehouses  

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Full Text Available Generally, research that dealt with the selection problems for optimization techniques or structures in relational data ware houses supports these problems by considering only a single criterion of optimization. The optimization criteria may be the response time of query execution, the number of inputs/outputs between the main memory and the disk, the space allocated to store the index or materialized views, or the number fragments required by the administrator of the data warehouse when using the fragmentation technique. The present work deals with the problem of selecting the horizontal fragmentation technique while considering both the number of I/O between memory and disk during decisional queries and the number of fragments, as two objective functions to minimize. To reduce the scope of choice solutions, we are based on a scalar method, called compromise method. The method is complemented by the principle of Pareto front to infer the best solutions. The study has been experimented on APB1 benchmark of data warehouse.

Mohamed Barr

2013-04-01

162

The relation of objectively detected Rossby-Wave-Trains and extratropical cyclones in the North Atlantic  

Science.gov (United States)

Our current interest and topic of this poster is the relation of Rossby-Wave-Trains (RWTs) and cyclones in the North Atlantic. Northern Hemisphere extra-tropical cyclones, especially those systems that occur in winter, are known to have high socioeconomic impacts, e.g. through high windspeed and large amounts of precipitation. Recently, a specific interest in Rossby-Wave-Trains has arisen. Long lived RWTs have been shown to be precursors for extreme events and they may impact the predictability of mid-latitude weather systems. We therefore apply automated schemes for the identification of RWTs and cyclones, respectively and relate their characteristics, with the focus of the impact for European climate. Evaluating reanalysis and model data of historical runs, we aim to identify possible spatio-temporal connections between these objectively identified RWTs and cyclones. As our project "MesoTel", which is presented here, is part of a decadal prediction initiative from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research called "MiKlip", we are additionally investigating the decadal variability of RWTs & cyclones within reanalyses and MiKlip simulations. Our long-term goal is to improve the predictability of seasonal means for Europe through a Two-Way-Nested (TWN) model setup. For this TWN model setup, the regional climate model COSMO-CLM (CCLM) is nested into the atmosphere-ocean general circulation model ECHAM6/MPI-OM (MPI-ESM) in order to investigate the feedback of the meso-scales on the large scales and vice versa. Focus is laid on the development and propagation of synoptic systems (e.g. Rossby Wave Trains and cyclones) that are affecting Europe. The Two-Way-Nested region, thus the CCLM domain, covers Central America and the North Atlantic (CANA) and therefore includes the Gulf stream region, whose prevalent strong meridional SST gradients favor the development of perturbations which then propagate downstream, commonly develop into extra-tropical cyclones and strike Europe. Finally, the possibly identified relationship between RWTs and cyclones shall be explored in Two-Way-Nested simulations.

Schuster, Mareike; Kirchner, Ingo; Lorenz, Philip; Ulbrich, Uwe; Will, Andreas

2014-05-01

163

Object-relations in maltreated and abused children assessed with the Rorschach inkblots and the Mutuality of Autonomy Scale (Urist  

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Full Text Available The objective of the study was to observe the quality of the object-relations in maltreated and institutionalized boys and girls, assessed with the Rorschach inkblots and the Mutuality of AutonomyScale (MOA of Urist. The participants were 23 children of both sexes, aged 8 to 10,who had been maltreated in their household and were institutionalized in an orphanage. The results showed that both tools reflect object-relations well. There are significant differences, depending on the sex, time of Separation from their maternal figure and the type of maltreatment they received. Furthermore, the children represent more adaptative, conventional and positive object relations what is related with their resources.

Sylvia Rivera Carpio

2001-12-01

164

CRUD-DOM : a model for bridging the gap between the object-oriented and the relational paradigms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Object-oriented programming is the most successful programming paradigm. Relational database management systems are the most successful data storage components. Despite their individual successes and their desirable tight binding, they rely on different points of view about data entailing difficulties on their integration. Some solutions have been proposed to overcome these difficulties, such as Embedded SQL, object/relational mappings (O/RM), language extensions and e...

Pereira, O?scar M.; Aguiar, Rui L.; Santos, Maribel Yasmina

2010-01-01

165

A Survey of Health Management User Objectives Related to Diagnostic and Prognostic Metrics  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the most prominent technical challenges to effective deployment of health management systems is the vast difference in user objectives with respect to engineering development. In this paper, a detailed survey on the objectives of different users of health management systems is presented. These user objectives are then mapped to the metrics typically encountered in the development and testing of two main systems health management functions: diagnosis and prognosis. Using this mapping, the gaps between user goals and the metrics associated with diagnostics and prognostics are identified and presented with a collection of lessons learned from previous studies that include both industrial and military aerospace applications.

Wheeler, Kevin R.; Kurtoglu, Tolga; Poll, Scott D.

2010-01-01

166

A Survey of Health Management User Objectives Related to Diagnostic and Prognostic Metrics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the most prominent technical challenges to effective deployment of health management systems is the vast difference in user objectives with respect to engineering development. In this paper, a detailed survey on the objectives of different users of health management systems is presented. These user objectives are then mapped to the metrics typically encountered in the development and testing of two main systems health management functions: diagnosis and prognosis. Using this mapping, the gaps between user goals and the metrics associated with diagnostics and prognostics are identified and presented with a collection of lessons learned from previous studies that include both industrial and military aerospace applications.

Scott D. Poll

2010-01-01

167

Proposed Framework wWhich Use the Object Oriented Principles in Relational Systems. General Aspects and Principles (Part I  

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Full Text Available There are some significant theoretical and technological approaches on the issue of object-relational "impedance mismatch" between applications' abstract model and database structures. Two characteristics of those approaches we think that are questionable: first of all it is so called “flat” nature of relational systems and model, and then there is the drawback of the storage of (object oriented semantics on the application level, thus severe limiting the data (object sharing and, at the same time, virtually broking the data independence principle of database systems architecture. In this paper we will try to outline an approach to address to some in a concrete manner.

Catalin STRIMBEI

2006-01-01

168

Applying the Food Safety Objective and related concepts to thermal inactivation of Salmonella in poultry meat  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study was to investigate the practicality of designing a heat treatment process in a food manufacturing operation for a product governed by a Food Safety Objective (FSO). Salmonella in cooked poultry meat was taken as the working example. Although there is no FSO for this product in current legislation, this may change in the (near) future. Four different process design calculations were explored by means of deterministic and probabilistic approaches to mathematical data...

Membre?, J. M.; Bassett, J.; Gorris, L. G. M.

2007-01-01

169

48 CFR 1852.227-84 - Patent rights clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

This solicitation contains the patent rights clauses of FAR 52.227-11 (as modified by the NFS) and NFS 1852.227-70. If the contract resulting from this solicitation is awarded to a small business or nonprofit organization, the clause at NFS 1852.227-70 shall not...

2010-10-01

170

Flatness of the Energy Landscape for Horn Clauses  

CERN Document Server

The Little-Hopfield neural network programmed with Horn clauses is studied. We argue that the energy landscape of the system, corresponding to the inconsistency function for logical interpretations of the sets of Horn clauses, has minimal ruggedness. This is supported by computer simulations.

Sathasivam, Saratha

2008-01-01

171

Flatness of the Energy Landscape for Horn Clauses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Little-Hopfield neural network programmed with Horn clauses is studied. We argue that the energy landscape of the system, corresponding to the inconsistency function for logical interpretations of the sets of Horn clauses, has minimal ruggedness. This is supported by computer simulations.

Saratha Sathasivam

2007-12-01

172

A Meta-Relational Approach for the Definition and Management of Hybrid Learning Objects  

Science.gov (United States)

Electronic learning objects (LOs) are commonly conceived of as digital units of information used for teaching and learning. To facilitate their classification for pedagogical planning and retrieval purposes, LOs are complemented with metadata (e.g., the author). These metadata are usually restricted by a set of predetermined tags to which the…

Navarro, Antonio; Fernandez-Pampillon, Ana Ma.; Fernandez-Chamizo, Carmen; Fernandez-Valmayor, Alfredo

2013-01-01

173

Subjective Poverty and Its Relation to Objective Poverty Concepts in Hungary  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper analyzes subjective poverty in Hungary and compares it to the objective poverty concepts. Subjective poverty is defined by examining who people consider to be poor. Based on the Easterlin paradox, the initial hypothesis states that subjective and absolute poverty concepts are highly correlated. Taking into account that Hungary is a…

Nandori, Eszter Siposne

2011-01-01

174

How crawling and manual object exploration are related to the mental rotation abilities of 9-month-old infants  

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Full Text Available The present experiment examined whether the mental rotation ability of 9-month-old infants was related to their abilities to crawl and manually explore objects. Forty-eight 9-month-old infants were tested; half of them had been crawling for an average of 9.3 weeks. The infants were habituated to a video of a simplified Shepard-Metzler object rotating back and forth through a 240° angle around the longitudinal axis of the object. They were tested with videos of the same object rotating through a previously unseen 120° angle and with a mirror image of the display. All of the infants also participated in a manual object exploration task, in which they freely explored 5 toy blocks. The results showed that the crawlers looked significantly longer at the novel (mirror object than at the familiar object, independent of their manual exploration scores. The non-crawlers looking times, in contrast, were influenced by the manual exploration scores. The infants who did not spontaneously explore the toy blocks tended to show a familiarity preference, whereas those who explored the toy blocks preferred to look at the novel object. Thus, all of the infants were able to master the mental rotation task but it seemed to be the most complex process for infants who had no crawling experience and who did not spontaneously explore objects.

GudrunSchwarzer

2013-03-01

175

A New Approach in Consistency of Object Oriented Model and Relational Model in Distributed Systems Base on Heterogeneous Databases  

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Full Text Available According to application a database is designed to be object-oriented model or relational model but the important point is distribution and heterogeneity. So a model should be provided which work with different types of database and also be able to work disruption, and heterogeneity So one of the great challenges in the use of distributed database technologies is integrating object-oriented databases with relational databases because the platform-independent technologies have an object-oriented approach But today databases are usualy designed and implemented base on relational model. Hence this paper tries to offer a model that could bring further coordination and integration between these two exsisting database models

Tahereh kheradmandan

2011-02-01

176

Management by objectives in relation to optimal experience in the workplace  

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Full Text Available In order to discover whether Management by Objectives could be used to create optimal experience in the workplace, two tests were constructed. These were a measure of Management by Objectives (42 items and a measure of Optimal Experience (24 items. First and second-order factor analyses were performed on both inventories to identify the true factors. Item analyses were performed to verify the reliability of both instruments. Pearson Productmoment correlations were computed to assess the relationship between the constructs. The implications are discussed.

Opsomming
Ten einde te bepaal of Doelwitbestuur gebruik kan word om optimale ervaring in die hand te werk is twee toetse gekonstrueer, naamlik 'n meetinstrument van Doelwitbestuur (42 items en 'n meetinstrument van Optimale Ervaring (24 items. Eerste en tweedeorde-faktorontledings is uitgevoer op altwee meetinstrumente om die ware faktore uit te haal. 'n Itemontleding is uitgevoer om die betroubaarheid van albei instrumente te bepaal. Pearson Produk-moment korrelasies is bereken om die verwantskap tussen die twee konstrukte te bepaal. Die implikasies van die bevindinge is bespreek.

F. Crous

1995-06-01

177

Las cláusulas de confidencialidad en el contrato de trabajo / Confidentiality Clauses in the Contract of Employment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Quienes se familiarizan normalmente con la información confidencial de una empresa son sus trabajadores, en particular, aquellos que tienen el carácter de exclusiva confianza. Para resguardar el cuidado de dichos antecedentes, la empresa suscribe con dichos trabajadores cláusulas de confidencialidad [...] en los contratos de trabajo. Este artículo analiza tales cláusulas en el ámbito jurídico laboral, en particular, su noción, objetivos principales, requisitos necesarios para que sean consideradas válidas y las consecuencias que se derivan de su incumplimiento. Abstract in english Employees, especially those in exclusively confidential positions, are the usually familiar with the company's confidential information. In order to safeguard that information, the company incorporates confidentiality clauses in the contracts of employment of said employees. This article analyzes sa [...] id clauses in the legal-labor scope, particularly their notion, their main objectives, required to be deemed as valid, and the consequences of non-compliance.

Alfredo, Sierra Herrero.

2013-12-01

178

Investigation of Inlet Gas Streams Effect on the Modified Claus Reaction Furnace  

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Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to model the main reactions that take place in the Claus reactor furnace and compare it with actual data and simulated process. Since the most important point is the selection of suitable reaction conditions to increase the reactor performance, the model is formulated to predict the performance of the Claus plant. To substantiate the theoretical model, we used actual process condition and feed composition in Shahid Hasheminejad Gas Refinery. Model equations have been solved by using MATLAB program. Results from MATLAB are compared with those from SULSIM? simulator and with actual plant data. The AAD (Average Absolute Deviation of modeling results with actual data is 2.07% and AAD of simulation results with real data is 4.77%. Error values are very little and show accuracy and precision of modeling and simulation. The predicting curve for different parameters of the reactor furnace according to variable conditions and specifications are given.

Reza Rezazadeh

2013-08-01

179

Reasoning about Function Objects  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern object-oriented languages support higher-order implementations through function objects such as delegates in C#, agents in Eiffel, or closures in Scala. Function objects bring a new level of abstraction to the object-oriented programming model, and require a comparable extension to specification and verification techniques. We introduce a verification methodology that extends function objects with auxiliary side-effect free (pure) methods to model logical artifacts: preconditions, postconditions and modifies clauses. These pure methods can be used to specify client code abstractly, that is, independently from specific instantiations of the function objects. To demonstrate the feasibility of our approach, we have implemented an automatic prover, which verifies several non-trivial examples.

Nordio, Martin; Calcagno, Cristiano; Meyer, Bertrand; Müller, Peter; Tschannen, Julian

180

Multi-objective optimization of cutting parameters in turning using grey relational analysis  

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Full Text Available This study presents optimization of performance characteristics in unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastic composites using Taguchi method and Grey relational analysis. Performance characteristics such as surface roughness and material removal rate are optimized during rough cutting operation. Process parameters including tool nose radius, tool rake angle, feed rate, cutting speed, cutting environment and depth of cut are investigated using mixed L18 orthogonal array. Grey relation analysis is used to optimize the parameters and Principal Component Analysis is used to find the relative significance of performance characteristics. Depth of cut is the factor, which has great influence on surface roughness and material removal rate, followed by feed rate. The percentage contribution of depth of cut is 54.399% and feed rate is 5.355%.

Meenu Gupta

2013-10-01

 
 
 
 
181

Apparatus and method for simultaneously displaying relative displacements of a fluctuating biological object  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In a method for producing discrete images of a human organ in fluctuating motion, e.g., the heart and related vessels, images derived at selected times related to the cardiac cycle are independently presented on respective discrete areas within a common image plane. A source of X-rays irradiates the organ. A physiological synchronizer produces timing signals within the cardiac cycle for controlling the periods of transmission of the X-ray beam through the organ during, for example, end diastole and end systole. An antiscattering, masking frame has alternate parallel slits and bars at equal intervals exposing substantially half the area of presentation of an X-ray sensitive film in alternate, equally spaced area strips during, e.g., diastole. The frame is repositioned in response to a signal from the synchronizer for displacing it relative to the film such that the bars then cover the sensitized areas of the film and expose substantially the remaining half of the film during systole. The image elements are interdigitally juxtaposed to present the diastolic and systolic images in an interlaced pattern. Relative displacements of the organ during a cardiac cycle may be determined from the juxtaposed image elements. (author)

182

Objective and Subjective Responses to Low Relative Humidity in an Office Intervention Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The impact of dry indoor air on comfort and health in winter was investigated in a crossover intervention study in two floors of an office building in northern Sweden. The indoor air humidity (normally 10-20% RH) was raised to 23-24% RH, one floor at a time, using steam humidifiers. Questionnaires and objective (clinical) measurements were applied. The following effects of increased humidity were significant, though small: the air was evaluated as less dry (though still on the dry side of neutral), eyes smarted less (by 10% of full scale) eye irritation decreased (by 11%), symptoms of dry throat, mouth, lips and skin were reduced, and it was easier to concentrate. The results confirm similar laboratory findings in 5-hour exposures (Fang et al. 2003, reported at this conference) to 2-week field exposures, but as the effects observed were again small, they do not provide sufficient justification for installing humidifiers.

Lagercrantz, Love Per; Wyon, David

2003-01-01

183

Relative Motion Estimation and Control Strategy for a Spacecraft to an Uncooperative Object  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, a control strategy for a spacecraft (“Pursuer”) to rendezvous with an uncooperative object (“Target”) is dealt with. This strategy consists of a feedforward optimal control phase (phase 1) and a feedback control phases (phase 2 and 3). In the feedforward optimal control phase, the target's future attitude motion is predicted from the result of motion estimation using image data in order to determine the final state for the maneuver. It is expected that there will be errors in the result of motion estimation for the target and error compensation is expected to be necessary. For this purpose, the pursuer estimates and predicts target's motion during maneuver, and recomputes the optimal control input using it. A quasi-optimal control input is proposed and named “Adjusted Control Input” in order to adapt this error compensation. And its performance is investigated through a numerical simulation of the pursuer's position control.

Imaizumi, Tsuguo; Kamimura, Heihachiro; Terui, Fuyuto

184

OBJECTIVES AND REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE SUSTAINABILITY OF ROMANIAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available According to the EU Sustainable Development Strategy, whose foundations were laid in Gothenburg 2001, sustainability requires simultaneous and impartial consideration of economic, social and environmental consequences of any decision taken, so at this point, stating that “the EU to become the world whose economy is highly efficient use of resources with a high quality of life of its citizens and where socio-economic development of environmentally”. As a result, international organizations, European and national support implementation of projects and strategies to change unsustainable consumption patterns. In this sense, sustainable solutions and increased use of renewable energy resources, practice on a larger scale organic farming and intelligent management of urban waste are major objectives of not only environmental policies, but also the quality of life.

Elena Cofas

2013-05-01

185

Multi-objective optimization in WEDM of D3 tool steel using integrated approach of Taguchi method & Grey relational analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, wire electrical discharge machining of D3 tool steel is studied. Influence of pulse-on time, pulse-off time, peak current and wire speed are investigated for MRR, dimensional deviation, gap current and machining time, during intricate machining of D3 tool steel. Taguchi method is used for single characteristics optimization and to optimize all four process parameters simultaneously, Grey relational analysis (GRA) is employed along with Taguchi method. Through GRA, grey relational grade is used as a performance index to determine the optimal setting of process parameters for multi-objective characteristics. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that the peak current is the most significant parameters affecting on multi-objective characteristics. Confirmatory results, proves the potential of GRA to optimize process parameters successfully for multi-objective characteristics.

Shivade, Anand S.; Shinde, Vasudev D.

2014-09-01

186

International Reservation of Title Clauses : A study of Dutch, French, and German private international law in the light of European law  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rules of substantive law relating to the reservation of title clause differ from country to country. This book addresses problems which may arise if a reservation of title clause is employed within international transactions, especially transactions between Germany, France, and the Netherlands. The author seeks the solution in private international law, since other means of addressing the problem, such as harmonization and unification of substantive law rules, have failed so far. This boo...

Rutgers, Jacobien W.

1999-01-01

187

Objective Indices of Disaster-Related Stress: The Mount St. Helens' Ashfall  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On May 18, 1980, the town of Othello, Washington was covered with volcanic ash from the Mount St. Helens eruption. Disaster research suggested that a natural disaster acted on impacted populations as a major stressor and could result in such stress-related symtoms/problems as anxiety, depression, alcohol abuse, family problems, etc. It was hypothesized that there would be an increase in the incidence of such symptoms/problems following the ashfall. Most previous research has relied on subj...

Adams, Paul R.

1981-01-01

188

Pontrjagin forms and invariant objects related to the Q-curvature  

CERN Document Server

We clarify the conformal invariance of the Pontrjagin forms by giving them a manifestly conformally invariant construction; they are shown to be the Pontrjagin forms of the conformally invariant tractor connection. The Q-curvature is intimately related to the Pfaffian. Working on even-dimensional manifolds, we show how the $k$-form operators $Q_k$ of \\cite{ddd}, which generalise the Q-curvature, retain a key aspect of the $Q$-curvature's relation to the Pfaffian, by obstructing certain representations of natural operators on closed forms. In a closely related direction, we show that the $Q_k$ give rise to conformally invariant quadratic forms $\\Theta_k$ on cohomology that interpolate, in a suitable sense, between the integrated metric pairing (at $k=n/2$) and the Pfaffian (at $k=0$). Using a different construction, we show that the $Q_k$ operators yield a generalisation of the period map which maps conformal structures to Lagrangian subspaces of the direct sum $H^k\\oplus H_k$ (where $H_k$ is the dual of the d...

Branson, T; Branson, Thomas

2005-01-01

189

Discussion of related problems in herbal prescription science based on objective indications of herbs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Herbal prescription science is a bridge between basic and clinical subjects in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM. In studying the doctrines in the general textbook Herbal Prescription Science and applying them to clinical practice, it was found that they are imprecise and inapplicable. Based on the analysis of Suanzaoren Decoction, Xiaoqinglong Decoction, Jichuan Decoction, etc., the authors point out that this problem is due to the current pathogenesis-based research approach of the herbal prescription science. It is proposed that correspondence between formula and syndrome is the core of the herbal prescription science. In order to solve such a problem, searching for corresponding relationship between an herb or a formula and the signs and symptoms of a syndrome or disease should be the most important task in research of herbal prescription science, for emphasis on attention to the objective indications and evidence in clinical utilization of herbal formulas is the major feature of the herbal prescription science according to medication experience in the long history of TCM.

Xing-jiang XIONG

2010-01-01

190

A systematic review of reliability and objective criterion-related validity of physical activity questionnaires  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Physical inactivity is one of the four leading risk factors for global mortality. Accurate measurement of physical activity (PA and in particular by physical activity questionnaires (PAQs remains a challenge. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated systematic review of the reliability and validity characteristics of existing and more recently developed PAQs and to quantitatively compare the performance between existing and newly developed PAQs. A literature search of electronic databases was performed for studies assessing reliability and validity data of PAQs using an objective criterion measurement of PA between January 1997 and December 2011. Articles meeting the inclusion criteria were screened and data were extracted to provide a systematic overview of measurement properties. Due to differences in reported outcomes and criterion methods a quantitative meta-analysis was not possible. In total, 31 studies testing 34 newly developed PAQs, and 65 studies examining 96 existing PAQs were included. Very few PAQs showed good results on both reliability and validity. Median reliability correlation coefficients were 0.62–0.71 for existing, and 0.74–0.76 for new PAQs. Median validity coefficients ranged from 0.30–0.39 for existing, and from 0.25–0.41 for new PAQs. Although the majority of PAQs appear to have acceptable reliability, the validity is moderate at best. Newly developed PAQs do not appear to perform substantially better than existing PAQs in terms of reliability and validity. Future PAQ studies should include measures of absolute validity and the error structure of the instrument.

Helmerhorst Hendrik JF

2012-08-01

191

48 CFR 970.2301-2 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...contracts. (b) Insert the clause at 970.5223-6, Sustainable and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Practices...National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Power Marketing Administrations, and the National Laboratories....

2010-10-01

192

48 CFR 970.3270 - Standard financial management clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...operating contracts with integrated accounting systems: (1) 970.5232-7, Financial management system. (2) 970.5232-8, Integrated accounting. (c...deviations from the standard financial management clauses...

2010-10-01

193

48 CFR 27.409 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...facility to perform research, development, or production work (see...involving cosponsored research and development in which a clause providing...limitations in connection with talent releases, music licenses...Government-owned research, development, or production...

2010-10-01

194

48 CFR 227.7203-6 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

(a)(1) Use the clause at 252.227-7014, Rights in Noncommercial Computer Software and Noncommercial Computer Software Documentation, in solicitations and contracts when the successful offeror(s) will be required to deliver computer software or computer software...

2010-10-01

195

48 CFR 16.506 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...similar products may be acquired on a brand-name basis, use the clause with its Alternate II (but see paragraph (d)(5...similar products may be acquired on a brand-name basis; and (ii) Involves a partial small...

2010-10-01

196

48 CFR 32.1110 - Solicitation provision and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Electronic Funds Transfer—Central Contractor Registration...registered in the CCR database and maintain registration...Transfer—Other than Central Contractor Registration...clause at 52.204-7, Central Contractor Registration...registered in the CCR database....

2010-10-01

197

Direct Stakeholder's Perception of PPA Clauses In The Nepalese Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper analyses the perceptions of the stakeholders regarding the key issues in Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs in the Nepalese Environment. A total of 90 questionnaires representing sponsors, utility, lenders and government officials were used for the study. The questionnaire sought the perception of the stakeholders regarding the significance (importance of the clauses and the likelihood of inclusion of the clauses in PPAs. Comparison of the ranks of means was conducted by Kruskal-Wallis tests to see the significance of the differences in responses of the stakeholders and Mann-Whitney tests to see the significance of the differences of the pairs of stakeholders. Data analysis showed clauses where the prime stakeholders have similar stand and clauses where the perceptions are divergent. The findings of this paper will help the stakeholders in negotiating PPAs.

R.B. Shrestha

2007-12-01

198

41 CFR 60-300.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 true Equal opportunity clause. 60-300.5 Section 60-300.5 Public Contracts and Property Management Other...EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 300-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND NONDISCRIMINATION...

2010-07-01

199

48 CFR 1834.203 - Solicitation provisions and contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING MAJOR SYSTEM ACQUISITION Earned Value Management System 1834.203 Solicitation provisions and contract clause. The FAR EVMS solicitation provisions...

2010-10-01

200

48 CFR 334.203 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING MAJOR SYSTEM ACQUISITION Earned Value Management System 334.203 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. The FAR EVMS solicitation provisions...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
201

48 CFR 916.203-4 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 916.203-4 Contract...authority, may approve the use of an economic price adjustment clause when appropriate...

2010-10-01

202

43 CFR 34.6 - Equal opportunity clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...clause. Each certificate, permit, right-of-way, lease, or other Federal...owned and controlled by minorities and/or women in its procurement practices; to...will permit access to its facilities, books, records, and accounts by the...

2010-10-01

203

48 CFR 27.409 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...the production of audiovisual works, sound recordings, etc. may include limitations in connection with talent releases, music licenses, and the like that are consistent with the purposes for which the data is acquired. (4) The clause may be...

2010-10-01

204

Defensive Projection, Superimposed on Simplistic Object Relations, Erodes Patient-Provider Relationships in High-Risk Pregnancy: An Empirical Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

In an attempt to illustrate the relevance of psychoanalytic theory and research to behavior medicine, an empirical investigation was conducted of females treated at a high-risk pregnancy specialty clinic (N = 58). Drawing from psychoanalytic object relations theory, it was hypothesized and confirmed that use of projection as a defense mechanism during pregnancy, superimposed on simplistic object relations, predicted an erosion of patient-provider relationships during the pregnancy/postdelivery period. Findings are interpreted through the perspective of mentalization, pertaining to individuals' ability to understand the mental states of self and others, specifically under significant stress. Implications for psychoanalytically oriented assessment and treatment, and for the rift between psychoanalysis and research, are discussed. PMID:21156840

Shahar, Golan; Porcerelli, John H.; Kamoo, Ray; Epperson, C. Neill; Czarkowski, Kathryn A.; Magriples, Urania; Mayes, Linda C.

2014-01-01

205

Subjective Sleepiness and Sleep Quality in Adolescents are Related to Objective and Subjective Measures of School Performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated the relation between sleep and school performance in a large sample of 561 adolescents aged 11–18?years. Three subjective measures of sleep were used: sleepiness, sleep quality, and sleep duration. They were compared to three measures of school performance: objective school grades, self-reported school performance, and parent-reported school performance. Sleepiness – “I feel sleepy during the first hours at school” – appeared to predict both school grades a...

Boschloo, A. M.; Krabbendam, L.; Dekker, S. J.; Lee, N. C.; Groot, R. H. M.; Jolles, J.

2013-01-01

206

Norwegian Object Shift as IP-internal topicalization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we discuss the phenomenon of Object Shift in Norwegian, and we show that this operation is more complex and discourse related than what has traditionally been assumed. We argue that Object Shift cannot be accounted for in a purely prosodic approach. Rather, we demonstrate that a common denominator for all objects undergoing Object Shift is that they are topics. We thus propose that Object Shift should be analysed as (IP-internal topicalization. Furthermore, we discuss in detail the peculiar behaviour of the topical pronominal object det ‘it’ in cases where its referent is not an individuated, gender-agreeing noun, but rather a non-individuated referent, like a full clause, a VP or a type DP. In such cases, this pronoun typically refrains from Object Shift. We discuss the contrast between these types of objects and shifting objects in light of the topic hierarchy presented in Frascarelli & Hinterhölzl (2007 and show that pronominal objects that undergo Object Shift have the characteristics of familiar topics, while det ‘it’ in the nonshifting contexts have the characteristics of aboutness topics. Consequently, we propose that Object Shift only applies to pronominal objects that constitute familiar topics.

Merete Anderssen

2012-05-01

207

Terrasar-X and Rapideye Data for the Parameterisation of Relational Characteristics of Urban Atkis Dlm Objects  

Science.gov (United States)

This work presents a multi-sensor data analysis concept for the parameterisation of urban landuse in comparison to ATKIS DLM reference objects (digital landscape model). An object based top-down approach is implemented and the potential of multisensor data for a primary urban landcover object classification is assessed. Urban landuse structure is developed based on relational features applied to land cover objects and compared to an aggregated DLM class legend. For a better imperviousness description an advanced imperviousness measure - the build-up impervious intensity ratio is developed that takes building height and derived floor area (based on LiDAR data) and the amount of vegetation within a search radius to every building into account. The developed concept is parameterized with test areas in Rostock and transferability is investigated with data coverage in Cologne (Germany). The work is linked to the urban work package of the DLR funded ENVILAND-2 project that aims to develop operational concepts for the use of TerraSAR-X and Rapideye data in urban mapping scenarios.

Hese, S.; Lindner, M.; Voltersen, M.; Berger, C.

2011-09-01

208

Subjective and objective measures of attractiveness and their relation to sexual behavior and sexual attitudes in university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined both self-rated and objectively measured attractiveness in relation to sexual behaviors and attitudes in an undergraduate sample (N=456). About a quarter of the variance in self-ratings of attractiveness was predicted from combining standard objective measures of attractiveness, including face photo ratings, body mass index, and chest-to-waist ratio for men, and face photo ratings, body mass index, and waist-to-hip ratio for women. Correlations were investigated among self-rated attractiveness, measured attractiveness, the residual component of self-rated attractiveness (controlling for measured attractiveness), and a number of sexual and related variables. Measured attractiveness correlated moderately with sexual behaviors but not with sociosexuality or sexual moral attitudes, indicating that higher levels of observable attractiveness may serve to increase opportunities for sex with multiple desirable partners without affecting interests in or moral acceptance of casual sex. Self-rated attractiveness correlated positively with sexual behaviors and with sociosexuality, but the correlation with sociosexuality was based entirely on residual factors beyond the objective measures of attractiveness. Other predictors of sexual behavior were discussed in terms of their variable roles in affecting interest in, opportunities for, and social costs of promiscuous sexual activity. PMID:17136591

Weeden, Jason; Sabini, John

2007-02-01

209

Designing purchased gas adjustment clauses to provide for incentive compatibility in a more competitive environment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Traditionally, automatic adjustment clauses have been generally accepted as a part of a utilities' tariffs for three primary reasons. First, the items generally constitute a significant or large component of the utility's total operating cost. Second, their costs, whether it be gas, coal, labor cost, interest, or other costs, changes in volatile and unpredictable ways. Third, the price of purchased items (commonly fuel or purchased power) was considered entirely outside of the utility's control. Recently, the issue has been raised as to whether these assumptions are still valid. Clearly, fuel and purchased gas costs, while generally down from previous peak levels, still constitute a significant portion of a utility's operating costs. However, an argument might be made as to whether fuel costs have remained volatile and unpredictable. Casual observation seems to suggest less price volatility than in years past. But, can we expect this relative calm of recent years to continue? The answer is probably not. An increase in the volatility of gas and coal prices can be expected in large part because of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The United States Energy Information Administration predicts a heavy reliance on gas, nonutility generation (usually gas-fired), and low-sulfur coal for future generation. This increased reliance on gas should have a profound effect on purchased-gas adjustment clauses. The design of purchased gas adjustment clauses to provide for incentive compatibility in a more competitive environment is discussed

210

Syntaktische Nebensatzklassen im Deutschen / Syntactic classes of subordinate clauses in German  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: German Abstract in portuguese O artigo dá uma visão panorâmica das classes de orações subordinadas da língua alemã. Suas funções e estruturas sintáticas são descritas mediante o esquema das posições e dos campos. Três aspectos específicos são tratados mais a fundo: as funções (i) de pronomes e (ii) de partículas de comparação em [...] relação a orações subordinadas e (iii) o papel de orações subordinadas em construções clivadas. O artigo pode ser usado para fins didáticos no meio acadêmico e como ponto de partida para estudos em sintaxe comparativa. Abstract in english This article gives an overview of the syntactic classes of subordinate clauses in German. Their functions and structures are described with the help of the model of linear positions and fields. Three questions are treated in more detail: the functions of (i) pronouns and (ii) comparative particles i [...] n relation to subordinate clauses and (iii) the role of subordinate clauses in cleft constructions. The article can be used in academic teaching and as a starting point for studies in comparative syntax.

Hardarik, Blühdorn.

2013-06-01

211

Challenges in Meeting Healthy People 2020 Objectives for Cancer-Related Preventive Services, National Health Interview Survey, 2008 and 2010  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Healthy People (HP) is the US program that formulates and tracks national health objectives for the nation. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is a designated data source for setting and evaluating several HP targets in cancer. We used data from the 2008 and 2010 NHIS to provide a benchmark for national performance toward meeting HP 2020 cancer-related objectives. Methods HP 2020 cancer screening, provider counseling, and health care access objectives were selected. For each objective, NHIS measures for the overall population and several sociodemographic subgroups were calculated; the findings were compared with established HP 2020 targets. Results From 2008 to 2010, rates of breast and cervical cancer screening declined slightly while colorectal cancer screening rates increased by 7 percentage points. Rates of cancer screening and provider counseling were below HP targets. Meeting HP targets seems less likely for subgroups characterized by low income, no health insurance, or no usual source of care. Meeting HP targets for access to health services will require an increase of 18 percentage points in the proportion of persons under age 65 with health insurance coverage and an increase of 10 percentage points in the proportion aged 18 to 64 with a usual source of care. Conclusion Whether HP objectives for cancer screening and health care access are met may depend on implementation of health care reform measures that improve access to and coordination of care. Better integration of clinical health care and community-based efforts for delivering high-quality screening and treatment services and elimination of health disparities are also needed. PMID:24576396

Brown, Martin L.; Cronin, Kathy A.; White, Mary C.; Richardson, Lisa C.; McNeel, Timothy S.

2014-01-01

212

Promoting the demoted : The distribution and semantics of “main clause word order” in spoken Danish complement clauses  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this article, we investigate a hypothesis regarding the distinction between the word orders ‘finite verb, adverb’ (V>Adv, in Scandinavian linguistics often considered an instance of V2, also in subject initial clauses) and ‘adverb, finite verb’ (Adv>V, sometimes referred to as V3) in Mainland Scandinavian complement clauses. The hypothesis is semantico-pragmatic and reads that V>Adv signals foregrounding of the subordinate clause, i.e. that its content is the main point of the utterance. Our results, based upon detailed coding of the LANCHART corpus of spoken Danish, are readily interpretable as supporting the semantico-pragmatic hypothesis. Our results show that V>Adv is much more frequent in subordinate clauses than commonly assumed, and that complement clauses in Danish are not in general characterized by having Adv>V word order, but only by the possibility of having this word order. Results seemingly in conflict with predictions of the semantico-pragmatic hypothesis are discussed with respect to possible norm conflicts and shifts in communicative strategy during speech production.

Jensen, Torben Juel; Christensen, Tanya Karoli

2013-01-01

213

48 CFR 970.2703-2 - Patent rights clause provisions for management and operating contractors.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patent rights clause provisions for management and... DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Patents, Data, and Copyrights 970.2703-2 Patent rights clause provisions for management...

2010-10-01

214

48 CFR 227.7009-3 - Additional clauses-contracts except running royalty contracts.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Additional clauses-contracts except running royalty contracts. 227.7009-3... Additional clauses—contracts except running royalty contracts. The following...providing for payment by the Government of a running royalty. (a) License Grant....

2010-10-01

215

48 CFR 1616.7002 - Clause-contracts based on cost analysis (experience rated).  

Science.gov (United States)

...Clause-contracts based on cost analysis (experience rated). 1616.7002 Section 1616...contracts based on cost analysis (experience rated). The clause at section...FEHBP contracts based on cost analysis (experience...

2010-10-01

216

Iron Abundance in the Prototype PG 1159 Star, GW Vir Pulsator PG 1159-035, and Related Objects  

Science.gov (United States)

We performed an iron abundance determination of the hot, hydrogen deficient post-AGB star PG 1159-035. which is the prototype of the PG 1159 spectral class and the GW Vir pulsators, and of two related objects (PG 1520+525, PG 1144+005), based on the first detection of Fe VIII lines in stellar photospheres. In another PG 1159 star. PG 1424+535. we detect Fe VII lines. In all four stars, each within T(sub eff) = 110,000-150,000 K, we find a solar iron abundance. This result agrees with our recent abundance analysis of the hottest PG 1159 stars (T(sub eff) = 150,000-200,000 K) that exhibit Fe x lines. On the whole, we find that the PG 1159 stars are not significantly iron deficient, in contrast to previous notions.

Werner, K.; Rauch, T.; Kruk, J. W.; Kurucz, R. L.

2011-01-01

217

Iron abundance in the prototype PG1159 star, GW Vir pulsator PG1159-035, and related objects  

CERN Document Server

We performed an iron abundance determination of the hot, hydrogen deficient post-AGB star PG1159-035, which is the prototype of the PG1159 spectral class and the GW Vir pulsators, and of two related objects (PG1520+525, PG1144+005), based on the first detection of Fe VIII lines in stellar photospheres. In another PG1159 star, PG1424+535, we detect Fe VII lines. In all four stars, each within Teff = 110,000 - 150,000 K, we find a solar iron abundance. This result agrees with our recent abundance analysis of the hottest PG1159 stars (Teff = 150,000 - 200,000 K) that exhibit Fe X lines. On the whole, we find that the PG1159 stars are not significantly iron deficient, in contrast to previous notions.

Werner, Klaus; Kruk, Jeff W; Kurucz, Robert L

2011-01-01

218

48 CFR 515.209-70 - Examination of records by GSA clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 false Examination of records by GSA clause. 515.209-70 Section 515...515.209-70 Examination of records by GSA clause. Clause for Other Than Multiple...552.215-70, Examination of Records by GSA, in solicitations and contracts...

2010-10-01

219

48 CFR 237.7101 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

... (1) Insert a reasonable per pound price in paragraph (b) of the clause, based...type basis, insert reasonable per pound prices by bag type. (2) Insert an appropriate...number of pieces and composition of a bundle in paragraphs (d) (1) and (2)...

2010-10-01

220

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...contractor is contractually bound to these provisions and has...agency when it is no longer bound by this contract clause. ...establishment or a physically separated branch establishment, or who owns...understanding, that the contractor is bound by the terms of the...

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
221

48 CFR 27.409 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...accordance with 27.404-2(b), to adopt the alternate definition of “Limited Rights Data” in paragraph (a) of the clause...may include limitations in connection with talent releases, music licenses, and the like that are consistent with the...

2010-10-01

222

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 216 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-01-01

223

17 CFR Appendix B to Subpart A of... - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-04-01

224

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 332 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-01-01

225

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 573 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-01-01

226

17 CFR Appendix B to Part 160 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-04-01

227

16 CFR Appendix B to Part 313 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. You may use this clause if you disclose...

2010-01-01

228

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 716 - SAMPLE CLAUSES  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. This clause may be used if you disclose...

2010-01-01

229

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 40 - Sample Clauses  

Science.gov (United States)

...6(a)(6) to provide an explanation of the consumer's right to opt out of the disclosure of nonpublic personal...parties, including the method(s) by which the consumer may exercise that right. The bank may use this clause if the bank...

2010-01-01

230

48 CFR 227.7009-1 - Required clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

48 ? Federal Acquisition Regulations System ? 3 ? 2010-10-01 ? 2010-10-01 ? false ? Required clauses. ? 227.7009-1 ? Section 227.7009-1 ? Federal Acquisition Regulations System ? DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ? GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS ? PATENTS, DATA,...

2010-10-01

231

48 CFR 1839.107-70 - NASA contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...O.B. destination to the contracting activity. (2) When delivery is F.O.B. origin and Government bills of lading (GBL) are used, the contracting officer shall use the clause with its Alternate I. [62 FR 4473, Jan. 30, 1997....

2010-10-01

232

48 CFR 16.203-4 - Contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts...apply: (i) A fixed price contract is...apply: (i) A fixed-price contract...or material cost factors are subject to change...clause using this method shall be...

2010-10-01

233

48 CFR 911.604 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

(a) The contracting officer shall insert the provision at 952.211-70, Priorities and Allocations (Atomic Energy), in solicitations that will result in the placement of rated orders for authorized DOE atomic energy programs. (b) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at...

2010-10-01

234

Design of relative motion and attitude profiles for three-dimensional resident space object imaging with a laser rangefinder  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper focuses on the aerospace application of a single beam laser rangefinder (LRF) for 3D imaging, shape detection, and reconstruction in the context of a space-based space situational awareness (SSA) mission scenario. The primary limitation to 3D imaging from LRF point clouds is the one-dimensional nature of the single beam measurements. A method that combines relative orbital motion and scanning attitude motion to generate point clouds has been developed and the design and characterization of multiple relative motion and attitude maneuver profiles are presented. The target resident space object (RSO) has the shape of a generic telecommunications satellite. The shape and attitude of the RSO are unknown to the chaser satellite however, it is assumed that the RSO is un-cooperative and has fixed inertial pointing. All sensors in the metrology chain are assumed ideal. A previous study by the authors used pure Keplerian motion to perform a similar 3D imaging mission at an asteroid. A new baseline for proximity operations maneuvers for LRF scanning, based on a waypoint adaptation of the Hill-Clohessy-Wiltshire (HCW) equations is examined. Propellant expenditure for each waypoint profile is discussed and combinations of relative motion and attitude maneuvers that minimize the propellant used to achieve a minimum required point cloud density are studied. Both LRF strike-point coverage and point cloud density are maximized; the capability for 3D shape registration and reconstruction from point clouds generated with a single beam LRF without catalog comparison is proven. Next, a method of using edge detection algorithms to process a point cloud into a 3D modeled image containing reconstructed shapes is presented. Weighted accuracy of edge reconstruction with respect to the true model is used to calculate a qualitative “ metric” that evaluates effectiveness of coverage. Both edge recognition algorithms and the metric are independent of point cloud densit- , therefore they are utilized to compare the quality of point clouds generated by various attitude and waypoint command profiles. The RSO model incorporates diverse irregular protruding shapes, such as open sensor covers, instrument pods and solar arrays, to test the limits of the algorithms. This analysis is used to mathematically prove that point clouds generated by a single-beam LRF can achieve sufficient edge recognition accuracy for SSA applications, with meaningful shape information extractable even from sparse point clouds. For all command profiles, reconstruction of RSO shapes from the point clouds generated with the proposed method are compared to the truth model and conclusions are drawn regarding their fidelity.

Nayak, M.; Beck, J.; Udrea, B.

235

V2 word order in subordinate clauses in spoken Danish  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Danish grammatical tradition has it that V2 and V3 word order are signals of the syntactic difference between main and subordinate clauses. However, several studies have shown that both word orders appear in both clause types (Heltoft 2005, Christensen 2007, Jensen forthc.). Though V2 and V3 are asymmetrically distributed, we argue that the word order difference should rather be seen as a signal of (subtle) semantic differences. In main clauses, V3 is highly marked in comparison to V2, and occurs in what may be called emotives. In subordinate clauses, V2 is marked and signals what has been called ”assertiveness”, but is rather a question of foregrounding (cf. Simons 2007: Main Point of Utterance). The paper presents the results of a study of word order in subordinate clauses in contemporary spoken Danish and focuses on how to include the proposed semantic difference as a factor influencing the choice of one variant over another in a (socio)linguistic variable. This is a crucial methodological issuein the study of syntactic variation since variants are hardly ever semantically equivalent in all respects. The study, which is a part of the LANCHART project (www.lanchart.hum.ku.dk), is based on panel studies of two age cohorts of speakers in Copenhagen, recorded in the 1980s and again in 2005-07, and on recent recordings with two age cohorts of speakers from the western part of Jutland. This makes it possible to study variation and change with respect to word order in subordinate clauses in both real and apparent time, as well as geographical variation. The results show that V2 word order in subordinate clauses is much more frequent than commonly assumed. Furthermore, they indicate that the most decisive factors predicting word order in subordinate clauses are the syntactic function of the clause and the type of subordinating conjunction, although social and geographical factors also have an impact. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that V2 word order is associated with foreground or main point of utterance, if we accept it as a statistical tendency in language use rather than as an invariant coding. References Christensen, T. K. 2007. Hyperparadigmer – en undersøgelse af paradigmatiske samspil i danske modussystemer. Institut for kultur og identitet. Roskilde, Roskilde Universitetscenter. PhD thesis. Heltoft, L. 2005. Ledsætning og letled i dansk. OV-sætningens rester. L. Heltoft, J. Nørgaard- Sørensen & L. Schøsler. Grammatikalisering og struktur. København, Museum Tusculanum. Jensen, Torben Juel forthc. Ordstilling i ledsætninger i moderne dansk talesprog. Ny forskning i grammatik. Simons, M. 2007. Observations on embedding verbs, evidentiality and presupposition. Lingua 117 (6), 1034-1056. Vikner, S. 1995. Verb movement and expletive subjects in the Germanic languages. Oxford University Press.

Jensen, Torben Juel; Christensen, Tanya Karoli

236

Differentiating spatial and object-based effects on attention: an event-related brain potential study with peripheral cueing.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Do spatial attention and object attention modulate visual processing in similar ways? Previously we have found a dissociation between these two forms of attention on ERP measures of sensory processing under conditions of peripheral cueing, with spatial attention effects associated with changes over anterior scalp regions and object attention effects associated with changes over posterior regions (He, X., Fan, S., Zhou, K., Chen, L., 2004. Cue validity and object-based attention. J. Cogn. Neur...

He, X.; Humphreys, G.; Fan, S.; Chen, L.; Han, S.

2008-01-01

237

Object-Spatial Imagery and Verbal Cognitive Styles in Children and Adolescents: Developmental Trajectories in Relation to Ability  

Science.gov (United States)

A new self-report instrument, the Children's Object-Spatial Imagery and Verbal Questionnaire (C-OSIVQ), was designed to assess cognitive styles in younger populations (8-17 years old). The questionnaire was based on the previously developed adult version of the Object-Spatial Imagery and Verbal Questionnaire (OSIVQ; Blazhenkova & Kozhevnikov,…

Blazhenkova, Olesya; Becker, Michael; Kozhevnikov, Maria

2011-01-01

238

Fast Mapping, Slow Learning: Disambiguation of Novel Word-Object Mappings in Relation to Vocabulary Learning at 18, 24, and 30 Months  

Science.gov (United States)

When hearing a novel name, children tend to select a novel object rather than a familiar one, a bias known as disambiguation. Using online processing measures with 18-, 24-, and 30-month-olds, we investigate how the development of this bias relates to word learning. Children's proportion of looking time to a novel object after hearing a novel name…

Bion, Ricardo A. H.; Borovsky, Arielle; Fernald, Anne

2013-01-01

239

Claus Bonderup : Conversations with the architect and his unique wife Anne Just, about food, art and architecture  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Ever since I was a young student and met Claus Bonderup for the first time, I have been fascinated by his work. I still remember how we turned up for a lecture of his at the Aarhus School of Architecture in the beginning of the 1980s brimming with excitement; a lecture that would end up being very short as my professor ejected him from the auditorium. Claus was not merely a classic innovative architect but also very provocative in his holistic architecture. Back then, his works were too radical for the school. At Aalborg University, initially at the Department of Architecture & Design, and later at the Department of Civil Engineering, I have had the great pleasure of working with Claus for the last 15 years. During this time, I have had the opportunity to observe his skills as a teacher and disseminator, and I have seen the great respect he holds for young, dedicated people and witnessed the students’ confidence in him. In 2008, we wrote a small book, the “old student” and the two “young graduates” from Architecture & Design, who, I would like to emphasise, are two very special young people that have now seriously entered the frame of architectural research and teaching. Now, in the late summer of 2012, we have chosen to republish the first chapter of the book, which is about the DUCK HOUSE Claus created years ago; and we have done so for a very particular reason. A short time ago, I was approached by the director of the 13th International Architecture Exhibition, the highly esteemed British architect, David Chipperfield, and – to put it bluntly – an architect to my and Claus’ liking. Chipperfield has chosen a handful of schools of architecture and architectural universities from all over Europe, which have been invited to gather a group of students and exhibit architectural models; and I have been fortunate enough to be given this opportunity. Chipperfield has chosen to create a response to the prestigious VIP architects’ often staggeringly expensive exhibitions; he wants to make room for the new generation of up and coming architects, for the young, untested and especially talented students of architecture. During July, a group of talented students have therefore built seven architectural models that will be a part of the palette, or installation if you will, which will open in the Italian Pavilion at the end of August. It is quite extraordinary that Aalborg University has received the opportunity to exhibit for the entire period. This occasion must most certainly be marked, and Marie, Tenna and I, along with the students, consequently decided to work with BIRD HOUSES. There are several reasons for this. One of them is that in the coming years, we will launch a number of job-oriented architectural projects within Urban Farming in which the students will initially work with the subject as master’s students, but later, hopefully, as PhD students. Also, I have wished for a long time to give Claus Bonderup the recognition he deserves! His view of architecture, his knowledge and his way of relating to architecture has influenced and inspired generations of students. Claus, if anyone, deserves to be represented at the Biennale. Claus broke many unwritten rules with the Duck House he built for his Anne many years ago. The house has now been measured and reconstructed and has become the MOTHER house that serves as a basis for this project with its unique architectural models for the International Architecture Exhibition. Claus’ Duck House has, thus, in theory and practice alike, become the foundation for the new architectural models, and his thoughts on design have contributed to a fruitful dialogue with the students in their process of creating the architectural models, which can soon be seen at the 13th International Architecture Exhibition in Venice.

Fisker, Anna Marie; Hvejsel, Marie Frier

2012-01-01

240

48 CFR 352.270-8 - Prostitution and related activities.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prostitution and related activities. 352.270-8...Provisions and Clauses 352.270-8 Prostitution and related activities. As prescribed...shall insert the following clause: Prostitution and Related Activities (January...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
241

EROs found behind lensing clusters. II. Stellar populations and dust properties of optical dropout EROs and comparison with related objects  

CERN Document Server

We determine the nature, redshift, stellar populations and dust properties of optically faint or non-detected extremely red objects (ERO) found from our survey of the lensing clusters A1835 and AC114. We perform SED fitting and use deep optical, HST, VLT, Spitzer data, and for some objects and sub-mm data. For most of the lensed EROs we find photometric redshifts showing a strong degeneracy between "low-z" (z~1-3) and high-z (z~6-7). Although formally best fits are often found at high-z, their resulting bright absolute magnitudes, the number density of these objects, and in some cases Spitzer photometry or longer wavelength observations, suggest strongly that all of these objects are at "low-z". The majority of these objects are best fitted with young (<~ 0.5-0.7 Gyr) and dusty starbursts. Indications for strong extinction, with A_V~2.4-4, are found in some objects. For dusty objects star formation rates (SFR) have been estimated from the bolometric luminosity determined after fitting of semi-empirical sta...

Schärer, D; Egami, E; Pellò, R; Richard, J; Le Borgne, J F; Kneib, J P; Wise, M; Boone, F

2007-01-01

242

Orações concessivas independentes à luz da gramática discursivo-funcional / Independent concessive clauses in the light of functional discourse grammar  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo investiga, à luz da Teoria da Gramática Discursivo-Funcional (HENGEVELD; MACKENZIE, 2008), a oração concessiva que não é subordinada a outras orações, ou seja, não apresenta relações sintáticas nem semânticas com orações anteriores ou posteriores, a que denominamos Concessiva Independent [...] e. O objetivo deste estudo consiste em descrever as propriedades discursivas, semânticas, morfossintáticas e prosódicas desse tipo de estrutura, mostrando que sua relevância está na construção e organização do discurso. Os resultados apontam que a Concessiva Independente funciona, no discurso, como um parêntese, que interrompe o fio discursivo, sendo, então, destacado por um contorno prosódico especial, aliado à presença de Atos Interativos. Constitui, portanto, um Movimento, a camada mais alta do Nível Interpessoal, nível que se relaciona aos aspectos pragmáticos da gramática de uma língua. O universo de investigação utilizado é o córpus Iboruna, um banco de dados que registra a variedade do português do noroeste paulista. Abstract in english This paper investigates, in light of the theory of Functional Discourse Grammar (HENGEVELD; MACKENZIE, 2008), the concessive clause that is not subordinated to other clauses, i.e., it has no semantic or syntactic relations with clauses before or after it, and which we call Independent Concessive. Th [...] e aim is to describe the discursive properties and the semantic, morphosyntactic and prosodic structure of this type of clause, showing that its relevance is in the construction and organization of discourse. The results indicate that the Independent Concessive works in speech as a parenthesis which interrupts the discursive course and is then highlighted by a special prosodic contour, combined with the presence of Interactive Acts. It is therefore a Move, the highest layer of the Interpersonal Level, the level that relates to the pragmatic aspects of the grammar of a language. The universe of research used is the Iboruna corpus, a database that records a variety of Portuguese from the Northwest of São Paulo.

Talita Storti, Garcia; Erotilde Goreti, Pezatti.

243

Aquitaine cleans Claus tail gas with sulfreen unit  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The new Ram River, Alberta, gas plant of Aquitaine Co. of Canada Ltd. is now operating the first commercial- scale cleanup unit for Claus tail gas in North America. The unit recovers sulfur as product from tail gases off two 1,000-ton/day Claus sulfur units. Aquitaine says that the addition of the Sulfreen cleanup made it possible to construct only a 2-stage Claus plant. Otherwise, a 4-stage plant would be necessary for the throughput. A further benefit was that the waste-gas stack height could be practically reduced from a probably 500 ft to 300 ft. The contractor built the new plant in 2 stages. The first, with feed capacity of roughly 200 MMcfd-- came on stream in early Feb. The second stage is expected on stream in Sept. or Oct. A second Sulfreen unit will be built to accommodate the second-phase throughput. However, Aquitaine will use a different catalyst and different design which will reduce construction costs. A supervisory control system keeps close watch on certaintions as the field is being developed.

1972-06-26

244

CLAUSE 49 AND ITS IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE MEASURES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study attempts to understand the effect of India's adoption of major governance reforms (with reference to Clause 49 which is based on a voluntary 1998 Code of Corporate Governance, developed by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII, an organization of large Indian public firms.If investors consider the reforms to be valuable (or more valuable for larger firms, firm return in the form of share prices, accounting profit and earning per share should react positively to the key adoption announcement. Over a span period of 10 years before and after the announcement by the Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI, India's principal securities regulator for adoption of Clause 49, the profit after tax and EPS of the listed companies specifically the group of companies selected for this study has shown the positive effect on the above specified components. Average returns had increased considerably and even EPS also present the same picture, but these changes may have been due to factors other than the reforms. These results also supported by statistical testing. Overall, we report evidence consistent with investors expecting the Clause 49 reforms to increase the efficiency of corporates.

Paridhi Saini

2014-04-01

245

Orações subordinadas sem o complementizador Que no Português Clássico / Subordinate clauses without Que in Classical Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste trabalho, olharemos para orações subordinadas finitas sem o complementizador que no Português Clássico. Nosso objetivo é investigar, dentro de uma perspectiva gerativista, se esse tipo de construção pode ser interpretado como um CP ou um IP complemento. A partir de fatos relacionados à posição [...] do sujeito, à ordem linear de advérbios e à colocação de clíticos, mostraremos que orações encaixadas sem o complementizador que instanciam movimento de V para C, resultando, portanto, na presença da categoria CP. Abstract in english In this work, we will look at embedded finite clauses without the complementizer que in Classical Portuguese. Our goal is to investigate, within a generative perspective, whether this kind of construction can be interpreted as a CP or an IP complement. Based on facts related to the position of the s [...] ubject, to the ordering of adverbs and to the placement of clitics, we will show that embedded clauses without the complementizer que instantiate V movement to C, resulting, therefore, in the presence of the CP category.

André Luis, ANTONELLI.

2014-12-01

246

Orações subordinadas sem o complementizador Que no Português Clássico / Subordinate clauses without Que in Classical Portuguese  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste trabalho, olharemos para orações subordinadas finitas sem o complementizador que no Português Clássico. Nosso objetivo é investigar, dentro de uma perspectiva gerativista, se esse tipo de construção pode ser interpretado como um CP ou um IP complemento. A partir de fatos relacionados à posição [...] do sujeito, à ordem linear de advérbios e à colocação de clíticos, mostraremos que orações encaixadas sem o complementizador que instanciam movimento de V para C, resultando, portanto, na presença da categoria CP. Abstract in english In this work, we will look at embedded finite clauses without the complementizer que in Classical Portuguese. Our goal is to investigate, within a generative perspective, whether this kind of construction can be interpreted as a CP or an IP complement. Based on facts related to the position of the s [...] ubject, to the ordering of adverbs and to the placement of clitics, we will show that embedded clauses without the complementizer que instantiate V movement to C, resulting, therefore, in the presence of the CP category.

André Luis, ANTONELLI.

247

The Objective and Subjective Components of Class in Relation to Schooling in Industrialized Societies: The Contribution of Giddens and Parkin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two perspectives on the sociology of education were identified and related to general sociological perspectives. The theme of constraint and construction was considered in relation to the institution of education and its role in capitalist society. (JN)

Innes, Max

1979-01-01

248

Orbitofrontal sources of event related potentials in obsessive-compulsive disorder in a probability object reversal task  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: Previous neuroimaging research has provided evidence of the involvement of frontal-subcortical circuits in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Most studies have shown orbitofrontal hyperactivation in patients with OCD in resting states and in paradigms with symptom provocation. Neuropsychological studies using reversal-learning paradigms frequently disclosed functional deficits in patients with OCD. The objective of this study was to analyze the exa...

Lagemann, Tobias

2010-01-01

249

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Science Archive: Migrating a Multi-Terabyte Astronomical Archive from Object to Relational DBMS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Science Archive is the first in a series of multi-Terabyte digital archives in Astronomy and other data-intensive sciences. To facilitate data mining in the SDSS archive, we adapted a commercial database engine and built specialized tools on top of it. Originally we chose an object-oriented database management system due to its data organization capabilities, platform independence, query performance and conceptual fit to the data. However, after ...

Thakar, Aniruddha R.; Szalay, Alexander S.; Kunszt, Peter Z.; Gray, Jim

2004-01-01

250

PU Vulpeculae (object Honda-Kuwano 1979) - a possible short-period relative of the symbiotic stars  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

UBV photometry was conducted in Brno and Skalnate Pleso observatories during the 1979 maximum (Chochol et al., 1981) and the authors searched for possible periodicity in the V data, compiled from their own observations as well as from data in the I.A.U. Circulars. The best period found is 76.4 days, but periods up to 80 days are also possible. Over this period, the object changes its V magnitude within about 0m.2-0m.25. (Auth.)

251

Selecting a Reference Object  

Science.gov (United States)

One way to describe the location of an object is to relate it to another object. Often there are many nearby objects, each of which could serve as a candidate to be the reference object. A common theoretical assumption is that features that make a given object salient relative to the candidate set are instrumental in determining which is selected.…

Miller, Jared E.; Carlson, Laura A.; Hill, Patrick L.

2011-01-01

252

Pratique des relations internationales en francais. Premiere partie: Objectifs et implications didactiques (The Practice of International Relations in French. Part One: Instructional Objectives and Implications).  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines the development of a French second language program based on the communicative needs and professional objectives of individuals conducting diplomatic affairs in France. Two examples of discourse analysis are given: one of a number of telephone conversations recorded in an embassy and the other of a collection of notes. (MSE)

Michaelides, Maro

1985-01-01

253

Santa Claus Schedules Jobs on Unrelated Machines  

CERN Document Server

One of the classic results in scheduling theory is the 2-approximation algorithm by Lenstra, Shmoys, and Tardos for the problem of scheduling jobs to minimize makespan on unrelated machines, i.e., job j requires time p_{ij} if processed on machine i. More than two decades after its introduction it is still the algorithm of choice even in the restricted model where processing times are of the form p_{ij} in {p_j, \\infty}. This problem, also known as the restricted assignment problem, is NP-hard to approximate within a factor less than 1.5 which is also the best known lower bound for the general version. Our main result is a polynomial time algorithm that estimates the optimal makespan of the restricted assignment problem within a factor 33/17 + \\epsilon \\approx 1.9412 + \\epsilon, where \\epsilon > 0 is an arbitrary small constant. The result is obtained by upper bounding the integrality gap of a certain strong linear program, known as configuration LP, that was previously successfully used for the related Santa...

Svensson, Ola

2010-01-01

254

Disability in major depression related to self-rated and objectively-measured cognitive deficits: a preliminary study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Although major depression (MD is associated with high levels of disability, the relationships between cognitive dysfunction and self-rated disability are poorly understood. This study examined the relationships between self-rated disability in persons with MD and both self-rated and objectively-measured cognitive functioning. Methods Twenty-one persons with MD and 21 control participants underwent neuropsychological assessment and z-scores representing deviations from control performance were calculated and averaged across the domains of psychomotor speed, initial learning, memory retention and executive function. Self-ratings of cognitive deficits (SRCDs were reported on a 6-point scale for overall rating of cognitive change, speed of thinking, concentration, and short-term memory. Disability scores for self-rated physical, mental-health and functional (ie. days out of role disability were computed from the Brief-Disability Questionnaire and the SF-12 'mental component' subscale. Results Persons with MD had a mean age of 53.9 years (SD = 11.0, 76% female and had moderate to high depression severity (mean HDRS 21.7, sd = 4.4. As expected, depression severity was a strong predictor of physical (r = 0.7, p Conclusion While depression severity is associated with disability, the contributions of both self-rated and objectively-measured cognitive deficits are substantial and contribute uniquely and differentially to various forms of disability. Efforts directed at reducing cognitive deficits in depression may have the potential to reduce disability.

Scott Elizabeth M

2007-07-01

255

A kinematic analysis of age-related changes in grasping to use and grasping to move common objects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Grasping is a complex action which requires high-level motor control. Although the impact of aging on grasping has been investigated in some studies, to date little is known as to how the aging process interacts with the purpose of the movement. The aims of the present study were (i) to investigate the effect of aging on grasping movements, and to explore on how this effect is modulated by (ii) the goal of the task, and by (iii) the characteristics of the target such as its location in the visual field, its orientation and its size. Young and elderly adults were asked to grasp to move or to grasp to use objects of different sizes and orientations, presented either in the central or the peripheral visual field. Movement duration did not differ between the two groups. However, elderly participants required a longer approach phase and showed a different grasping strategy, characterized by larger grip aperture and smaller percentage of wrist rotation in comparison to young adults. Elderly adults showed a decrease in accuracy when grasping objects presented in the peripheral, but not in the central visual field. A similar modulation of the kinematic parameters consisting in longer planning and execution phases in the grasp to use in comparison to the grasp to move condition was observed in both groups, suggesting that the effect of aging might be minimized and compensated in more goal-directed tasks. PMID:24977936

Cicerale, Alessandro; Ambron, Elisabetta; Lingnau, Angelika; Rumiati, Raffaella I

2014-09-01

256

Integrating Conflict Driven Clause Learning to Local Search  

CERN Document Server

This article introduces SatHyS (SAT HYbrid Solver), a novel hybrid approach for propositional satisfiability. It combines local search and conflict driven clause learning (CDCL) scheme. Each time the local search part reaches a local minimum, the CDCL is launched. For SAT problems it behaves like a tabu list, whereas for UNSAT ones, the CDCL part tries to focus on minimum unsatisfiable sub-formula (MUS). Experimental results show good performances on many classes of SAT instances from the last SAT competitions.

Audenard, Gilles; Mazure, Bertrand; Saïs, Lakhdar

2009-01-01

257

Integrating Conflict Driven Clause Learning to Local Search  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article introduces SatHyS (SAT HYbrid Solver, a novel hybrid approach for propositional satisfiability. It combines local search and conflict driven clause learning (CDCL scheme. Each time the local search part reaches a local minimum, the CDCL is launched. For SAT problems it behaves like a tabu list, whereas for UNSAT ones, the CDCL part tries to focus on minimum unsatisfiable sub-formula (MUS. Experimental results show good performances on many classes of SAT instances from the last SAT competitions.

Gilles Audenard

2009-10-01

258

48 CFR 227.7009-4 - Additional clauses-contracts providing for payment of a running royalty.  

Science.gov (United States)

...clauses-contracts providing for payment of a running royalty. 227.7009-4 Section 227...contracts providing for payment of a running royalty. The clauses set forth...the contract provides for payment of a running royalty. (a) License...

2010-10-01

259

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 707 - Model Clauses and Sample Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

...and Regulation CC control, and any modifications...some of the more common limitations applicable...apply to the more common changes necessitating...contemplated by the model clauses, the Board...all credit unions; common...those provided as model clauses and...

2010-01-01

260

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 707 - Model Clauses and Sample Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

...For such changes not contemplated by the model clauses, the Board recommends the use...conditions varying from those provided as model clauses and sample forms in this appendix...similar instruments of deposit and in all advertising a notice that the credit union...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

New R Coronae Borealis and DY Persei Star Candidates and Other Related Objects Found in Photometric Surveys  

CERN Document Server

We have carried out a search for new R Coronae Borealis (RCB) variables using the publicly accessible data from various photometric sky surveys and-whenever available-AAVSO visual data. Candidates were selected from Tisserand`s "Catalogue enriched with R CrB stars" and by a visual inspection of light curves from the ASAS-3, MACHO, NSVS and OGLE surveys. We have identified two new RCB stars, four RCB candidates, and one DY Persei (DYPer) star candidate. Our identification was based mainly on photometric variability, color-color diagrams, and further information drawn from various catalogue sources; spectroscopic classifications were also reported in our analysis whenever available. Additionally, we present a sample of interesting stars which-although showing similar photometric variability-can be ruled out as RCB and DYPer stars or have been rejected as such on spectroscopic grounds in recent studies. Although not useful in the investigation of the aforementioned groups of variables, these objects defy an easy...

Otero, Sebastián; Bernhard, Klaus; Soszy?ski, Igor

2014-01-01

262

Object-oriented image analysis and change detection of land-use on Tenerife related to socio-economic conditions  

Science.gov (United States)

The island Tenerife is characterized by an increasing tourism, which causes an enormous change of the socio-economic situation and a rural exodus. This development leads - beside for example sociocultural issues - to fallow land, decreasing settlements, land wasting etc., as well as to an economic and ecological problem. This causes to a growing interest in geoecological aspects and to an increasing demand for an adequate monitoring database. In order to study the change of land use and land cover, the technology of remote sensing (LANDSAT 3 MSS and 7 ETM+, orthophotos) and geographical information systems were used to analyze the spatial pattern and its spatial temporal changes of land use from end of the 70s to the present in different scales. Because of the heterogeneous landscape and the unsatisfactory experience with pixel-based classification of the same area, object-oriented image analysis techniques have been applied to classify the remote sensed data. A post-classification application was implemented to detect spatial and categorical land use and land cover changes, which have been clipped with the socio-economic data within GIS to derive the driving forces of the changes and their variability in time and space.

Naumann, Simone; Siegmund, Alexander

2004-10-01

263

Cause Clue Clauses: Error Localization using Maximum Satisfiability  

CERN Document Server

Much effort is spent everyday by programmers trying to reduce long, failing execution traces to the cause of the error. We present a new algorithm for error cause localization based on a reduction to the maximal satisfiability problem (MAX SAT), which asks what is the maximum number of clauses of a Boolean formula that can be satisfied by an assignment. At an intuitive level, our algorithm takes as input a program and a failing test, and comprises the following three steps. First, as in symbolic execution, we encode a trace of a program as a Boolean trace formula which is satisfiable iff the trace is feasible. Second, for a failing program execution (e.g., one that violates an assertion or a post condition), we construct an unsatisfiable formula by taking the trace formula and additionally asserting that the input is the failing test and that the post-condition holds. Third, using MAX-SAT, we find a maximal set of clauses in this formula that can be satisfied together, and output the complement set as a poten...

Jose, Manu

2010-01-01

264

Multi-objective optimization of laser cutting for flash memory modules with special shapes using grey relational analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a novel effective method for optimizing laser cutting of specially shaped electronic printed circuit board (PCB) carrier substrates of advanced integrated circuit (IC) back-end packages that have multiple performance characteristics identified using grey relational analysis (GRA). Laser cutting parameters, including laser beam parameters (average laser power and Q-switch frequency), focusing parameters (laser beam focusing spot size), and machine parameters (laser cutting speed), were optimized based on multiple performance characteristics. Some characteristics of the specially shaped flash memory module for IC packages, such as smart disk (SD) cards are verified. The characteristics of interest are the average surface roughness on a PCB substrate cross-section, and the maximum width of the heat-affected zone (HAZ). Eight experiments were conducted using GRA to optimize the settings for laser beam cutting parameters to generate various quality characteristics. Analysis of the grey relational grade indicates that parameter significance and the optimal parameter combination for the laser cutting process are identified. The analytical results from two confirmation experiments using the optimal parameters confirm that laser cutting technology can be effectively applied to cut substrates into special shapes.

Li, Chun-Hao; Tsai, Ming-Jong

2009-07-01

265

A Comparative Analysis of the Frequency and Function of If-clauses in Applied Linguistics and Chemistry Articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated the differences and similarities between form and function of if-clauses as one type of conditional clauses within the applied linguistics and chemistry published academic Articles. These articles were examined and after determining the frequency of if-clauses, they were analyzed based on the model proposed by Sweetser (1990). According to the findings, if-clauses were more frequent in applied linguistics than chemistry articles. Results of function analysis indicated ...

Akbar Hesabi; Morteza Raei Dehaghi; Mohammadtaghi Shahnazari-Dorcheh

2013-01-01

266

Assessment of Claus process for utilizing hydrogen sulfide from coal gas desulfurization  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Coal gas from coking plants is desulfurized by the vacuum carbonate process. Hydrogen sulfide separated from coal gas is treated by the catalysis process (sulfuric acid production) or the Claus process (sulfur production). The Claus process is analyzed. Chemical reactions which occur during the Claus process are discussed. The modified Claus process with increased desulfurization efficiency is analyzed. The following desulfurization stages are evaluated: thermal reactor (60% of hydrogen sulfide is converted into sulfur), catalytic reactors with catalysts on an aluminium basis (conversion degree in two-stage system amounts to 25% in first stage and 7% in second stage), removal of residual hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, sulfur vapors and carbon oxysulfide using 5 processes (the Sulfreen process, the IFP process, the BSR process, the BSR-Selectox process and the SCOT process). The five desulfurization processes are analyzed. Use of the Claus process with 99.9% efficiency in coking plants is recommended. 20 references.

Bal, S.; Olczak, C.

1985-03-01

267

48 CFR 1552.237-76 - Government-Contractor Relations.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-10-01 true Government-Contractor Relations. 1552.237-76 Section 1552...237-76 Government-Contractor Relations. As prescribed in 1537.110(g...following clause: Government-Contractor Relations (JUN 1999) (a) The...

2010-10-01

268

Experimental Effects and Individual Differences in Linear Mixed Models: Estimating the Relation of Spatial, Object, and Attraction Effects in Visual Attention  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Linear mixed models (LMMs provide a still underused methodological perspective on combining experimental and individual-differences research. Here we illustrate this approach with two-rectangle cueing in visual attention (Egly, Driver, & Rafal, 1994. We replicated previous experimental cue-validity effects relating to a spatial shift of attention within an object (spatial effect, to attention switch between objects (object effect, and to the attraction of attention towards the display centroid (attraction effect, taking also into account the design-inherent imbalance of valid and other trials. We simultaneously estimated variance/covariance components of subject-related random effects for these spatial, object, and attraction effects in addition to their mean RTs. The spatial effect showed a strong positive correlation with mean RT and a strong negative correlation with the attraction effect. The analysis of individual differences suggests that slow subjects engage attention more strongly at the cued location than fast subjects. We compare this joint LMM analysis of experimental effects and associated subject-related variances and correlations with two alternative, frequently used, statistical procedures.

ReinholdKliegl

2011-01-01

269

Traditional breeding objectives and practices of goat, sheep and cattle smallholders in The Gambia and implications in relation to the design of breeding interventions.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the traditional breeding objectives and practices of West African Dwarf goat, Djallonke sheep, and N'dama cattle keepers in The Gambia and discusses the implications of these on the design of breeding-related interventions to improve livestock productivity. Data were collected via surveys implemented within three study sites in The Gambia, where traditional mixed crop-livestock smallholder farming predominates. The surveys comprised a participatory rural appraisal conducted in nine communities and a household questionnaire targeting 238 households. Livestock-keeping households were classified as 'poorer' or 'wealthier' based on the number of cattle owned. The most important objectives for keeping all species of livestock for the poorer groups (0 to 10 cattle) was 'savings and insurance', followed by 'income' and 'ceremonial/dowry' for the small ruminants and 'manure' and 'draught' for both cows and bulls. In contrast, for the wealthier group (more than 10 cattle), savings and insurance was the fourth to seventh ranked production objective (depending on species), with the most important production objectives being ceremonial/dowry for goats, income for sheep and manure for cows and bulls. An analysis of breeding practices indicated that breeding animals are selected on criteria which partially align to the breeding objectives, animals are rarely purchased for the purpose of breed improvement, knowledge of the cause and consequence of inbreeding is low and breeding decision makers may not necessarily be the livestock owner, particularly if the livestock owner is a women. Given this, it is suggested that capacity building on breeding-related issues, particularly in relation to the selection of breeding animals and specifically targeted at the different socioeconomic groups of livestock keepers, may be an appropriate, effective and relatively low-cost breeding intervention. PMID:22706889

Ejlertsen, Maria; Poole, Jane; Marshall, Karen

2012-12-01

270

Objective becoming  

CERN Document Server

Bradford Skow presents an original defense of the 'block universe' theory of time, often said to be a theory according to which time does not pass. Along the way, he provides in-depth discussions of alternative theories of time, including those in which there is 'robust passage' of time or 'objective becoming': presentism, the moving spotlight theory of time, the growing block theory of time, and the 'branching time' theory of time. Skow explains why the moving spotlight theory is the best of these arguments, and rebuts several popular arguments against the thesis that time passes. He surveys the problems that the special theory of relativity has been thought to raise for objective becoming, and suggests ways in which fans of objective becoming may reconcile their view with relativistic physics. The last third of the book aims to clarify and evaluate the argument that we should believe that time passes because, somehow, the passage of time is given to us in experience. He isolates three separate arguments thi...

Skow, Bradford

2015-01-01

271

The Composite OLAP-Object Data Model  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper, we define an OLAP-Object model that combines the main characteristics of OLAP and Object data models in order to achieve their functionalities in a common framework. We classify three different object classes: primitive, regular and composite. Then, we define a query language which uses the path concept in order to facilitate data navigation and data manipulation. The main feature of the proposed language is an anchor. It allows us to fix dynamically an object class (primitive, regular or composite) along the paths over the OLAP-Object data model for expressing queries. The queries can be formulated on objects, composite objects and combination of both. The power of the proposed query language is investigated through multiple query examples. The semantic of different clauses and syntax of the proposed language are investigated.

Pourabbas, Elaheh; Shoshani, Arie

2005-12-07

272

Evidence from auditory and visual event-related potential (ERP) studies of deviance detection (MMN and vMMN) linking predictive coding theories and perceptual object representations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Predictive coding theories posit that the perceptual system is structured as a hierarchically organized set of generative models with increasingly general models at higher levels. The difference between model predictions and the actual input (prediction error) drives model selection and adaptation processes minimizing the prediction error. Event-related brain potentials elicited by sensory deviance are thought to reflect the processing of prediction error at an intermediate level in the hierarchy. We review evidence from auditory and visual studies of deviance detection suggesting that the memory representations inferred from these studies meet the criteria set for perceptual object representations. Based on this evidence we then argue that these perceptual object representations are closely related to the generative models assumed by predictive coding theories. PMID:22047947

Winkler, István; Czigler, István

2012-02-01

273

Predicted radionuclide release from reactor-related unenclosed solid objects dumped in the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean, east coast of Kamchatka  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Between 1978 and 1991 reactor-related solid radioactive waste was dumped by the former Soviet Union as unenclosed objects in the Pacific Ocean, east coast of Kamchatka, and the Sea of Japan. This paper presented estimates for the current (1994) inventory of activation and corrosion products contained in the reactor-related unenclosed solid objects. In addition, simple models derived for prediction of radionuclide release from marine reactors dumped in the Kara Sea are applied to certain of the dumped objects to provide estimates of radionuclide release to the Pacific Ocean, east coast of Kamchatka, and Sea of Japan environments. For the Pacific Ocean, east coast of Kamchatka, total release rates start below 0.01 GBq yr-1 and over 1,000 years, fall to 100 Bq yr-1. In the Sea of Japan, the total release rate starts just above 1 GBq yr-1, dropping off to a level less than 0.1 GBq yr-1, extending past the year 4,000

274

GENERAL CLAUSE OF STRICT CIVIL LIABILITY IN CIVIL CODE A CLÁUSULA GERAL DE RESPONSABILIDADE CIVIL OBJETIVA NO CÓDIGO CIVIL  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to outline the institute's objective liability, with an emphasis on accountability clause general objective founded in Risk Theory, entered in Civil Codex of 2002. For this we will make a brief presentation on the evolution of the institute, through the rule of responsibility with guilt, until we get to the scene we know today, looking better understand it.O presente trabalho visa delinear o instituto da responsabilidade civil objetiva, com ênfase na cláusula geral de responsabilização objetiva fundada na Teoria do Risco, inserida no Codex Civil de 2002. Para isso, far-se-á uma breve exposição sobre a evolução do instituto, passando pelo império da responsabilidade com culpa, até chegarmos ao cenário que hoje conhecemos, procurando melhor entendê-lo.

Glaucia Rodrigues Torres de Oliveira Mel Rodrigues Torres de Oliveira Mello

2010-08-01

275

The jurisdiction of the Federal Court of Justice on price adjustment clauses in power supply contracts and their consequences for the practice; Die Rechtsprechung des Bundesgerichtshofs zu Preisanpassungsklauseln in Energieliefervertraegen und ihre Konsequenzen fuer die Praxis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In numerous procedures for the effectiveness of adaptation clauses in energy supply contracts, the Eighth Civil Senate of the Federal Court of Justice (Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany) was appointed for purposes of decisions in conflict. A glance at the statistics shows that this Civil Senate has not handled very easily the related legal issues: More than 20 judgements and decisions of the Supreme Court on the fairness test and evaluation of price adjustment clauses in the past five years. Meanwhile, the relevant legal issues have been clarified. Thus, the recent judgments of 14th March, 2012, a temporary end point. This inspired to highlight the consequences for the practice.

Tuengler, Stefan [Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, Duesseldorf (Germany)

2012-06-15

276

BL Lacertae objects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The properties of BL Lacertae objects are discussed including their spectra, variability, and brightness. The historical development of observation, and the conclusion that these objects are possibly quasar-related objects rather than variable stars as originally supposed are treated. The possible mechanisms for the unusual luminosity of these objects are considered

277

Experiencias en la gestión de imágenes por contenido en bases de datos objeto-relacionales / Experiences in Image Management by Content in Object-Relational Databases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo se analizan diversos mecanismos que brinda la tecnología Objeto-Relacional (OR) para el almacenamiento de imágenes en una Base de Datos. El objetivo fue estudiar, mediante la implementación de dos ejemplos en Oracle 10g, el comportamiento de la tecnología OR en el almacenamiento, la [...] formulación de consultas, la recuperación de la información y de las imágenes asociadas. La primera implementación se corresponde con el almacenamiento de imágenes médicas concordantes con el estándar DICOM, utilizando objetos ORDImage propios de ORACLE. En el segundo ejemplo se almacenaron imágenes de un diario digital empleando instancias del UDT SI_StillImage del estándar SQL/MM. Las capacidades provistas por la Base de Datos Objeto-Relacional empleada facilitan la implementación de un servidor de imágenes. Se analizaron también las ventajas y desventajas de emplear objetos del estándar SQL/MM o datos nativos correspondientes a Oracle 10g. Abstract in english In this paper, several alternatives for the storage of still images in databases given by the Object-Relational technology are analyzed. The aim was to study, by means of two examples, implementation in Oracle 10g database, the technology behaviour in the storage, query formulation and image recover [...] y. The first application corresponds to the storage of medical images complying with DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) standard, Oracle 10g ORDImage objects have been used for this case. The second example deals with the storage of images for a digital newspaper for which SI_StillImage of the SQL/MM standard have been employed. The capabilities provided by the Object Relational technology facilitate the implementation of an images server. The advantages and drawbacks of using SQL/MM standard or native objects corresponding to Oracle 10g are also compared.

Carlos E, Alvez; Aldo R, Vecchietti.

2009-11-01

278

The Formation of English Phrasal Comparatives? Study of Lechner’s Small Clause Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lechner (2001 proposes two hypotheses, that is, CR-Hypothesis (Conjunction Reduction (hereafter CR operations can target comparatives. and PC-Hypothesis (Phrasal Comparatives (hereafter PCs derive from clausal comparatives by CR. In this paper, I discuss the formation of PCs and its relevance to Lechner’s two Hypotheses. As to the formation of PCs, based on his two hypotheses, he puts forward small clause analysis. Compared with Direct Analysis and Comparative Ellipsis approach, although small clause analysis is superior to them by his analysis, I will argue that some special PCs can provide evidence that his small clause analysis is untenable, that is, some PCs can’t be analyzed by his small clause analysis.

Xiaowen Zhang

2013-11-01

279

12 CFR Appendix A to Part 205 - Model Disclosure Clauses and Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

... A-7—Model Clauses for Financial Institutions Offering Payroll... (a)—Disclosure by financial institutions of information...also available on-line at [Internet address]. You also have...error-resolution procedures for financial institutions that...

2010-01-01

280

48 CFR 2003.203 - Reporting suspected violations of the gratuities clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Reporting suspected violations of the gratuities clause. 2003.203 Section 2003.203 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR...INTEREST Contractor Gratuities to Government Personnel 2003.203 Reporting suspected violations of the...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
281

48 CFR 970.3605-2 - Special construction clause for operating contracts.  

Science.gov (United States)

...REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Construction and Architect-Engineer...3605-2 Special construction clause for operating...shall be used in management and operating...but may procure construction by...

2010-10-01

282

75 FR 32642 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Ground and Flight Risk Clause (DFARS Case 2007...  

Science.gov (United States)

...vicinity of contractor premises; and (B) Incidental to work performed under the contract. (3) Follow the procedures at PGI 228.370(b) when using the clause at 252.228-7001. * * * * * PART 231--CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES...

2010-06-08

283

48 CFR 237.7204 - Format and clauses for educational service agreements.  

Science.gov (United States)

...and fees which the Contractor charges any students pursuing the same or similar curricula, except for any tuition...use the appropriate clause from FAR 52.222-26, Equal Opportunity. 10. FAR 52.233-1, Disputes. 11....

2010-10-01

284

48 CFR 1828.311-270 - NASA solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...clause at 1852.228-71, Aircraft Flight Risks, in all cost-reimbursement contracts...production, modification, maintenance, or overhaul of aircraft, or otherwise involving...and development when a cost-reimbursement...

2010-10-01

285

37 CFR 401.3 - Use of the standard clauses at § 401.14.  

Science.gov (United States)

...is necessary to protect the security to such activities; or ...particular field of use or market, the clause might be modified along lines similar to those described...agreement on the basis of national security, the provision...

2010-07-01

286

48 CFR 1834.203-70 - NASA solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...MAJOR SYSTEM ACQUISITION Earned Value Management System 1834.203-70...1852.234-1, Notice of Earned Value Management System, in solicitations for...clause at 1852.234-2, Earned Value Management System, in...

2010-10-01

287

Object Location Memory Explanation  

Science.gov (United States)

Silverman and Eals (1992) developed a task to measure object location memory. This page describes the classic object location task and offers suggestions for investigating gender differences related to the task.

288

Visual Jokes about Christmas and Santa Claus on the Internet - Why and Why not?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article analyses a collection of Christmas-related images and video clips found on the Internet. The author started collecting this material in 2005, since that time the material in the form of a PowerPoint presentation has been shown to diverse audiences discussing the context (mainly from the perspective of a folklore researcher while observing the reaction of the audience.The central part of the article is devoted to a brief overview of the most characteristic groups of the jokes (with links to the images, video and descriptions of the traditions: Santa Claus as the bringer of presents, his trip from the northland and his friend Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, arrival through the chimney, different other persons wearing Santa’s hat (politicians, terrorists, women, animals, etc., Santa’s sexuality, drunken Santa, Santa murdered/killed, etc. In addition, the regional version – Ded Moroz and Snegurochka (Father Frost and the Snowgirl – is discussed here. Parodies related to the topic – the Christmas tree, snowmen and figures made of snow, elves, angels, Chinese horoscope’s “animals of the year”.Some hypotheses regarding the differences, functions, selection and perception of the worldwide available jokes in different social situations (western and post-Soviet world are put forward, also considering social groups and situations, the time before and after Christmas. Why would people need such jokes? An attempt is made to explain it by different “levels of joking” – starting with “simply jokes” with their specific context in the tradition of the particular subject matter and the carnival-like sense of the reversed world (also used by the traders, making the originally rather eerie Santa Claus look like a friendly joker in the “shopping mythology” and jokes as a kind of psychological self-defence – trying to compensate, by way of irony and black humour, for the rapidly changing and excessive tediousness, seriousness, sacralisation, or right the opposite – secularisation, commercialisation of the mass media imposed Christmas traditions and the holiday stress.

Guntis Pakalns

2012-04-01

289

Reachability for Finite-state Process Algebras Using Horn Clauses  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this work we present an algorithm for solving the reachability problem in finite systems that are modelled with process algebras. Our method is based on Static Analysis, in particular, Data Flow Analysis, of the syntax of a process algebraic system with multi-way synchronisation. The results of the Data Flow Analysis are used in order to build a set of Horn clauses whose least model corresponds to an overapproximation of the reachable states. The computed model can be refined after each transition, and the algorithm runs until either a state whose reachability should be checked is encountered or it is not in the least model for all constructed states and thus is definitely unreachable. The advantages of the algorithm are that in many cases only a part of the Labelled Transition System will be built which leads to lower time and memory consumption. Also, it is not necessary to save all the encountered states which leads to further reduction of the memory requirements of the algorithm.

Skrypnyuk, Nataliya; Nielson, Flemming

2013-01-01

290

The (nontree-representability of syntactic objects.a graft-theoretical approach to nominal coordination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present paper deals with nominal coordination and the way Graft Theory can be applied to this domain. As introduced and defined by van Riemsdijk (1998, 2000 and 2001, Graft Theory was initially applied to the domain of syntactic amalgams (Lakoff 1974 and transparent free relative clauses. The paper claims that Graft Theory can equally apply to the domain of coordination and a range of syntactic phenomena that are associated with coordination. The main idea that this paper advances is that Graft Theory could solve the problem of syntactic representability with coordinate structures, which are known to pose serious difficulties for binary branching. By endorsing the main tenets of Graft Theory, the paper also touches upon an issue with far-reaching implications: the (impossibility of representing certain syntactic objects as syntactic trees.

Mihaela T?nase-Dogaru

2010-01-01

291

Syntactic Priming in Comprehension: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials  

Science.gov (United States)

Syntactic priming is the facilitation of processing that occurs when a sentence has the same syntactic form as a preceding sentence. Such priming effects have been less consistently demonstrated in comprehension than in production, and those that have been reported have depended on the repetition of verbs across sentences. In an ERP experiment, participants read target sentences containing reduced-relative clauses. Each was preceded by a sentence that contained the same verb and either a reduced-relative or a main-clause construction. Reduced-relative primes elicited a larger positivity than did main-clause primes. Reduced-relative targets that were preceded by a main-clause prime were more positive than the same target sentences following a reduced-relative prime. In addition, syntactic priming effects were dissociated from effects of lexical repetition at the verb. PMID:17425534

Ledoux, Kerry; Traxler, Matthew J.; Swaab, Tamara Y.

2006-01-01

292

El control a las cláusulas abusivas en los contratos de adhesión con consumidores / Control to Abusive Clauses in Adhesion Contracts with Consumers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Una cláusula abusiva es aquella que implica un atentado contra el principio de la buena fe en la medida en que involucra una desproporción significativa entre las obligaciones y beneficios que adquieren las partes. El Estado debe controlar la implementación de las mismas, lo cual implica una interve [...] nción en la autonomía de la voluntad privada de los contratantes, razón por la que se ha discutido en el ámbito internacional el ámbito de dicho control. Pese a dichas discusiones, es claro que el control (que puede ser legislativo, administrativo o judicial) procede cuando se presenta un contrato de adhesión con un consumidor. El control judicial que se hace de ellas puede ser a través de la declaratoria de inexistencia, de ineficacia, de nulidad absoluta o de nulidad relativa. Abstract in english An abusive clause is that involving a violation of the good faith principle, since it involves a significant unjust liability concerning obligations and benefits the parties are bound to. The State should control the implementation of this kind of clauses by starting an intervention to the private w [...] ill autonomy of contactors; for this reason the scope of such control has been discussed worldwide. Despite the discussions, it is clear that control (which can be legislative, administrative or judicial control) becomes effective when an adhesion contract is executed with a consumer. The judicial control on this kind of clauses can be executed by declaring inexistence, inefficiency, and total or relative nullity of abusive clauses.

Verónica María, Echeverri Salazar.

293

El control a las cláusulas abusivas en los contratos de adhesión con consumidores / Control to Abusive Clauses in Adhesion Contracts with Consumers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Una cláusula abusiva es aquella que implica un atentado contra el principio de la buena fe en la medida en que involucra una desproporción significativa entre las obligaciones y beneficios que adquieren las partes. El Estado debe controlar la implementación de las mismas, lo cual implica una interve [...] nción en la autonomía de la voluntad privada de los contratantes, razón por la que se ha discutido en el ámbito internacional el ámbito de dicho control. Pese a dichas discusiones, es claro que el control (que puede ser legislativo, administrativo o judicial) procede cuando se presenta un contrato de adhesión con un consumidor. El control judicial que se hace de ellas puede ser a través de la declaratoria de inexistencia, de ineficacia, de nulidad absoluta o de nulidad relativa. Abstract in english An abusive clause is that involving a violation of the good faith principle, since it involves a significant unjust liability concerning obligations and benefits the parties are bound to. The State should control the implementation of this kind of clauses by starting an intervention to the private w [...] ill autonomy of contactors; for this reason the scope of such control has been discussed worldwide. Despite the discussions, it is clear that control (which can be legislative, administrative or judicial control) becomes effective when an adhesion contract is executed with a consumer. The judicial control on this kind of clauses can be executed by declaring inexistence, inefficiency, and total or relative nullity of abusive clauses.

Verónica María, Echeverri Salazar.

2011-12-01

294

Contributos para uma análise semântico-pragmática das causais de enunciação no Português Europeu contemporâneo / Utterance causal clauses in contemporary European Portuguese: some contributions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar as orações causais de enunciação num quadro teórico que postula a existência, no discurso, de distintos domínios da significação - domínio do conteúdo, domínio epistémico e domínio ilocutório-, na convicção de que uma análise semântica destas construções pode [...] rá contribuir para iluminar o seu comportamento sintático peculiar, que tanta controvérsia tem gerado. Defende-se, neste estudo, que as orações causais de enunciação expressam a relação discursiva de Justificação, que envolve sempre a articulação de dois atos ilocutórios, um deles com o estatuto de ato principal, o outro com o estatuto de ato subordinado. Num primeiro momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e asserções e argumenta-se a favor da inseparabilidade entre os domínios epistémico e ilocutório neste tipo de construções, contrariamente ao que defende Sweetser (1999). Num segundo momento, analisa-se a articulação entre causais de enunciação e outras classes de atos ilocutórios, nomeadamente atos diretivos, compromissivos e expressivos. Abstract in english The main purpose of this paper is to characterize utterance causal clauses within a theoretical framework that assumes different domains of discourse meaning - content, epistemic and speech-act domain. The assumption is that a semantic analysis may provide some explanation for the syntactic behaviou [...] r of the construction under scrutiny. It is argued in this paper that utterance causal clauses illustrate the discourse relation of Justification, which involves the connection between two illocutionary acts, with different hierarchical status. It is also argued, contrary to Sweetser's 1999 account, that utterance causal clauses combined with assertions give rise to an elementary argumentative text, where the epistemic and the illocutionary domain are closely intertwined. The paper also contemplates the connection between utterance causal clauses and other classes of speech acts, namely directive, compromissive and expressive ones.

Ana Cristina Macário, Lopes.

2012-12-01

295

Quantitative assessment of bone marrow attenuation values at MDCT: An objective tool for the detection of bone bruise related to occult sacral insufficiency fractures  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To prove the feasibility of using Hounsfield attenuation values at MDCT to detect bone bruises related to sacral insufficiency fractures. Twenty-two patients with acute sacrum trauma and no fracture findings at MDCT were included in our prospective study. Two observers independently reviewed CTs regarding visual signs of bone bruises in 132 defined regions of the sacral alae. Interobserver agreement was tested by {kappa} statistics. Subsequently, HU values were obtained in the same regions, and attenuation differences between the two sides were calculated. Validity and reliability were assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman analysis. HU differences were subjected to ROC curve analysis to determine sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV. MRI served as standard reference. MRI revealed 19 regions with bone bruises and associated sacral insufficiency fractures. HU measurements demonstrated good validity and reliability (r = 0.989). ROC curve analysis exhibited an ideal cutoff value of 35.7 HU density difference between affected and non-affected regions. Visual evaluation revealed moderate agreement ({kappa} = 0.48); diagnostic accuracy was inferior to objective evaluation. Assessment of differences in bone marrow density by HU measurements is an objective and reliable tool for detection of bone bruises associated with occult sacral insufficiency fractures. (orig.)

Henes, F.O.; Groth, M.; Bley, T.A.; Regier, M.; Ittrich, H.; Adam, G.; Bannas, P. [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg (Germany); Nuechtern, J.V. [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Hamburg (Germany); Treszl, A. [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Experimental Medicine, Department of Medical Biometry and Epidemiology, Hamburg (Germany)

2012-10-15

296

Objective lens  

Science.gov (United States)

An objective lens and a method for using same. The objective lens has a first end, a second end, and a plurality of optical elements. The optical elements are positioned between the first end and the second end and are at least substantially symmetric about a plane centered between the first end and the second end.

Olczak, Eugene G. (Inventor)

2011-01-01

297

Validation of a theory-driven profile interpretation of the Dutch short form of the MMPI using the TAT Social Cognitions and Object Relations Scale (SCORS).  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we investigated the construct validity of the theory-driven profile interpretation of the Dutch Short Form of the MMPI (DSFM; Luteijn & Kok, 1985), an interpretation method aimed at assessing structural features of personality based on Kernberg and Caligor's (2005) views concerning personality organization. We utilized the four dimensions of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS; Westen, Lohr, Silk, Gold, & Kerber, 1990) as external criteria. Results showed that, congruent with theoretical expectations, the DSFM profiles predicted structural features of personality functioning, especially identity diffusion as measured by the SCORS, after adjustment for the effect of the single scales used to construct the profiles. These findings provide further support for the construct validity of the DSFM profiles to measure structural features of personality organization. We discuss directions for future research and clinical implications. PMID:19205936

Eurelings-Bontekoe, Elisabeth H M; Luyten, Patrick; Snellen, Wim

2009-03-01

298

PAH EMISSION IN STARBURST, SEYFERT, ULIRGS, QSOS AND QUASAR OBJECTS, AND THEIR RELATION WITH THE INFRARED, X-RAY AND RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is a second study in an ongoing work aimed to analyze the star formation activity and its relation with the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAHs emission. In this way, we have performed a study about the correlation between the ux of the 7.7 -m PAH band and its equivalent width, with the luminosities and uxes observed in JHK photometric bands, IRAS 12, 25, 60 and 100-m, the radio emission at 1.4GHz and X-ray at 2{10 keV, for a sample composed of Seyfert 1-2, QSOs, Quasars, Starburst, and ULIRGs. The results found let us discriminate between objects with more star formation activity from others with more AGN in uence.

M.-A. Higuera-G.

2009-01-01

299

Ownership and Object History  

Science.gov (United States)

Appropriate behavior in relation to an object often requires judging whether it is owned and, if so, by whom. The authors propose accounts of how people make these judgments. Our central claim is that both judgments often involve making inferences about object history. In judging whether objects are owned, people may assume that artifacts (e.g.,…

Friedman, Ori; Neary, Karen R.; Defeyter, Margaret A.; Malcolm, Sarah L.

2011-01-01

300

Word order variation and foregrounding of complement clauses : Exploring the meaning of sentence adverbials as signals of word order  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Through mixed models analyses of complement clauses in a corpus of spoken Danish we examine the role of sentence adverbials in relation to a word order distinction in Scandinavian signalled by the relative position of sentence adverbials and finite verb (V>Adv vs. Adv>V). The type of sentence adverbial was the third-most important factor in explaining the word order variation: Sentence adverbials categorized as ‘dialogic’ are significantly associated with V>Adv word order. We argue that the results are readily interpretable in the light of the semantico-pragmatic hypothesis that V>Adv signals foregrounded information, and exploit the random intercepts assigned to the individual adverbials for further exploring the functions of sentence adverbials that behave unexpectedly based on the predictions of the model.

Christensen, Tanya Karoli; Jensen, Torben Juel

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Object-relations in maltreated and abused children assessed with the Rorschach inkblots and the Mutuality of Autonomy Scale (Urist) Relaciones Objetales en niños maltratados y abusados a través del Rorschach y del MOA (Urist)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of the study was to observe the quality of the object-relations in maltreated and institutionalized boys and girls, assessed with the Rorschach inkblots and the Mutuality of AutonomyScale (MOA) of Urist. The participants were 23 children of both sexes, aged 8 to 10,who had been maltreated in their household and were institutionalized in an orphanage. The results showed that both tools reflect object-relations well. There are significant differences, depending on the sex, time of...

Sylvia Rivera Carpio

2001-01-01

302

Objective assessment of urban built environment related to physical activity -- development, reliability and validity of the China Urban Built Environment Scan Tool (CUBEST)  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Some aspects of the neighborhood built environment may influence residents’ physical activity, which in turn, affects their health. This study aimed to develop an urban built environment evaluation tool and conduct necessary reliability and validity tests. Methods A 41-item urban built environment scan tool was developed to objectively assess the neighborhood built environment features related to physical activity. Six neighborhoods in Hangzhou were selected from three types of administrative planning units. A pair of auditors independently assessed all of the 205 street segments at the same time. Half of the segments (n?=?104) were audited twice by the same auditor after a two-week time interval. Inter-rater reliability was assessed by comparing the audits of paired observers, while intra-rater reliability was evaluated by comparing an auditor’s repeated assessments of the same segments. The construct validity was tested using factor analysis. Results The inter-rater reliability for most items was above 0.8. The intra-rater reliability for most items was above 0.4, and was lower than corresponding inter-rater reliability. Six factors were extracted by factor analysis and the factor loading matrix showed good construct validity. Conclusions The CUBEST is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to assess the physical activity-related built environment in Hangzhou, and potentially other cities in China. PMID:24495676

2014-01-01

303

48 CFR 353.370-674 - Form HHS 674, Structured Approach Profit/Fee Objective.  

Science.gov (United States)

48 ? Federal Acquisition Regulations System ? 4 ? 2010-10-01 ? 2010-10-01 ? false ? Form HHS 674, Structured Approach Profit/Fee Objective. ? 353.370-674 ? Section 353.370-674 ? Federal Acquisition Regulations System ? HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ? CLAUSES AND FORMS ? FORMS ? Illustrations of Forms...

2010-10-01

304

Relation between Object Position and Autocorrelation Spots in the Vander Lugt Filtering Process. 2: Influence of the Volume Nature of the Photographic Emulsion.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is well known that the optical Fourier spectrum of an object does not depend on its position in the object space. One generally concludes that the correlation with a Vander-Lugt filter is likewise invariant with respect to object position. The present investigation shows that the correlation signal is not object position independent, at least, when the filter is recorded on a recording material of nonvanishing thickness. For a conventional photographic emulsion, we show that the correlation signal depends very strongly on object position. PMID:20125291

Douklias, N; Shamir, J

1973-02-01

305

The COCOON object model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The COCOON model was intended to extend the concepts of relational database managernent systems (DBMSs) beyond nested relational to object-oriented ones. Key characteristics of COCOON and its database language COOL are: generic, set-oriented query and update operators sirnilar to relational algebra and SQL updates, respectively; object-preserving semantics of query operators, which allows for the definition of updatable views; update operations that keep model-inherent integrity constraints c...

Scholl, Marc H.; Laasch, Christian; Rich, Christian; Schek, Hans-jo?rg; Tresch, Markus

2012-01-01

306

The COCOON object model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The COCOON model was intended to extend the concepts of relational database management systems (DBMSs) beyond nested relational to object-oriented ones. Key characteristics of COCOON and its database language COOL are: generic, set-oriented query and update operators similar to relational algebra and SQL updates, respectively; object-preserving semantics of query operators, which allows for the definition of updatable views; update operations that keep model-inherent integrity constraints con...

Scholl, Marc H.; Laasch, Christian; Rich, Christian; Schek, Hans-jo?rg; Tresch, Markus

1992-01-01

307

Sulphur recovery optimization of Claus/Sulfreen Units  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Stringent environmental standards and greater public awareness require an increased emphasis on the operation of sulphur plants to maximize sulphur recovery and minimize emission levels. In an effort to reduce sulphur emissions, extensive work at the Ram River Gas Plant was conducted to optimize the plant operation between 1980 and 1984. The topics to be discussed in this paper include process analyzers and controllers, COS and CS/sub 2/ conversion, oxygen control, COS and CS/sub 2/ generation, and Sulfreen optimization. As a result of the work conducted, the overall yearly recovery average has increased from 98.1% in 1980 to 98.7% in 1983. The contribution by sulphur compounds to plant emissions were, 22.3 tonnes equilibrium limits, 8.3 tonnes ratio upsets, 13.7 tonnes COS/CS/sub 2/, and 4.7 tonnes Sulfreen losses. The Ram River Plant processes sour natural gas from 12 different pools with a maximum H/sub 2/S content of 39%. The inlet capacity is 17.7 x 10/sup 6/m/sup 3//day raw gas and 300 m/sup 3//day pentanes plus, producing 12.0 x 10/sup 6/m/sup 3//day sales gas, and 4,600 tonnes/day sulphur as the by product of the DEA sweetening process. The sulphur recovery facility consists of four, 1150 tonnes/day modified-Claus plants and two Sulfreen units. Acid gas feed to the sulphur recovery units varies between 70% and 83% H/sub 2/S with CO/sub 2/ making up the bulk of the remaining composition. Each sulphur plant is a straight through process with two, 91 tonne converters with interstage condensers/coaleser units. Each Sulfreen tail gas unit is fed by two sulphur trains. Stage I Sulfreen has six, 89 tonne reactors while the Stage II unit has three, 204 tonne reactors. The waste gas from each Sulfreen is passed through separate incinerators where the remaining sulphur components are oxidized to SO/sub 2/ before being released through a common stack.

Beveridge, B.

1985-01-01

308

SPINS: Standardized ProteIn NMR Storage. A data dictionary and object-oriented relational database for archiving protein NMR spectra  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Modern protein NMR spectroscopy laboratories have a rapidly growing need for an easily queried local archival system of raw experimental NMR datasets. SPINS (Standardized ProteIn Nmr Storage) is an object-oriented relational database that provides facilities for high-volume NMR data archival, organization of analyses, and dissemination of results to the public domain by automatic preparation of the header files required for submission of data to the BioMagResBank (BMRB). The current version of SPINS coordinates the process from data collection to BMRB deposition of raw NMR data by standardizing and integrating the storage and retrieval of these data in a local laboratory file system. Additional facilities include a data mining query tool, graphical database administration tools, and a NMRStar v2.1.1 file generator. SPINS also includes a user-friendly internet-based graphical user interface, which is optionally integrated with Varian VNMR NMR data collection software. This paper provides an overview of the data model underlying the SPINS database system, a description of its implementation in Oracle, and an outline of future plans for the SPINS project

309

Moving Object Control System  

Science.gov (United States)

A method is provided for controlling two objects relatively moveable with respect to each other. A plurality of receivers are provided for detecting a distinctive microwave signal from each of the objects and measuring the phase thereof with respect to a reference signal. The measured phase signal is used to determine a distance between each of the objects and each of the plurality of receivers. Control signals produced in response to the relative distances are used to control the position of the two objects.

Arndt, G. Dickey (Inventor); Carl, James R. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

310

Specification of Concurrent Objects  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Concurrent objects are named concurrent processes that interact by invoking each other's operations. We describe how such concurrent objects can be specified, how objects can be composed, and how it can be shown that one object refines another.First a model is defined, based on a transition relation over two objects and an event. In the model, objects can be composed by parallel composition, encapsulation, and hiding of operations. Refinement between objects is defined as fair trace inclusion.A specification language is presented where objects can be specified operationally by abstract imperative programs as well as externally by formulas in an interval logic, and even in a combination of the two styles.Verification among the different specification styles is illustrated by a number of experiments using a small distributed data base as a common example. Also, experiments are made with the expressibility of the interval logic.

SØrensen, Morten U.

1997-01-01

311

48 CFR 1616.7001 - Clause-contracts based on a combination of cost and price analysis (community rated).  

Science.gov (United States)

...true Clause-contracts based on a combination of cost and price analysis (community...7001 Clause—contracts based on a combination of cost and price analysis (community...inserted in all FEHBP contracts based on a combination of cost and price analysis...

2010-10-01

312

Stage and Individual-level predicates whithin "if" and "when" clauses: what works and what doesn't  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Clauses headed by if and when are very often considered syntactically and semantically equivalent.  Nevertheless, in this paper we show that the type of predicate has an impact both on the grammaticality and the interpretation of the subordinate clause in Spanish. Theses clauses provide evidence for the proposal that stage-level predicates involve an extra-argument that individual-level predicates lack. Following Kratzer (1995, we assume that this is extra-argument is a spatio-temporal argument. While stage-level predicates in the subordinate clause are perfectly grammatical, individual-level predicates yield to ungrammatical sentences, unless an indefinite or a kind-referring NP is involved.  Kratzer´s Prohibition against vacuous quantification provides a sound account for the asymmetry between the two types of predicates.  In addition, a stative verb in the when clause is grammatical, but it forces an epistemic reading. When both predicates are individual-level predicates in the subordinate and the main clause, the if clause may can take a factual reading while the when clause is ungrammatical unless there is some kind of operator involved through a generic, a kind-referring NP or an indefinite pronoun.

Asuncion Martínez-Arbelaiz

2013-04-01

313

Den sene Derrida, eller: Er Claus Beck-Nielsen et spøgelse?  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article is about hosting the ghost. In Spectres de Marx (1993) Derrida introduces the ghost which seems to condense in one figure the important themes of his late writings: the address, the other, the ethical turn, the event, the mourning, the reality of immateriality, the guest. The article turns to the paternal ghost from Shakespeare's Hamlet, as well as to the most ghost-like artist on the Danish contemporary art scene: Claus Beck-Nielsen, who some years ago declared himself dead. Is Claus Beck-Nielsen really a ghost? That is the question.

Rösing, Lilian Munk

2009-01-01

314

Quantum Objects  

CERN Document Server

In this paper, we suggest an alternative interpretation for the quantum state vector, which, by considering temporal parts for physical objects, aims to give an intelligible account of measurement problem in quantum mechanics. We examine the capacity of this interpretation as for explaining three measurement problems: the problem of outcome, the problem of statistics and the problem of effect. We argue that, this interpretation of the state vector, while providing a satisfactory account, as rationally plausible as its rivals, for the measurement problem, shows yet another limitation of our perceptual experience, i.e. our inability to perceive unsharp reality.

Mansouri, Alireza; Karbasizadeh, Amir Ehsan

2013-01-01

315

Object oriented programming  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is an introduction to object oriented programming techniques. It tries to explain the concepts by using analogies with traditional programming. The object oriented approach not inherently difficult, but most programmers find a relatively high threshold in learning it. Thus, this paper will attempt to convey the concepts with examples rather than explain the formal theory

316

Preservation of Digital Objects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to preservation of digital objects: practical examples; stakeholders; recordkeeping standards; genre-specific problems; trusted repository standards; preservation methods; preservation metadata standards; and future directions. (Contains 82 references.) (MES)

Galloway, Patricia

2004-01-01

317

La posición del sujeto pronominal en las cláusulas no declarativas (The placement of pronominal subjects in non-declarative clauses  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El análisis de la colocación variable del sujeto en español permite observar la relevancia de los factores discursivo-cognitivos en la variación sintáctica y demostrar que todos los efectos comunicativos de una elección formal pueden relacionarse con dichos factores. El presente trabajo analiza los sujetos explícitos de primera y segunda persona en dos tipos de cláusulas no declarativas (interrogativas e imperativas, tomando como base dos corpus textualmente diversificados. Se descubre que la variación formal obedece a principios icónicos muy similares en ambos contextos gramaticales. La posposición del sujeto al verbo es la variante menos marcada, lo que establece una diferencia con la cláusula declarativa, que tiende al orden SVO. Por la misma razón, la anteposición del sujeto en aquellos contextos permite generar valores discursivo-pragmáticos especiales; estos se concretan, sobre todo, en una mayor asertividad o presuposición acerca del contenido del enunciado. Las proyecciones comunicativas de estos valores básicos se ilustran a través de la observación de diversos ejemplos. (The variable placement of Spanish subjects offers an illustration of the relevance of discursive-cognitive factors in explaining syntactic variation, as well as a demonstration of the fact that all communicative effects of formal choices can be related to such factors. In the present paper, first- and secondperson overt subjects are analyzed within two types of non-declarative clauses (interrogative and imperative ones and across two textually diversified corpora. Formal variation is discovered to follow very similar iconic principles in both grammatical contexts. The placing of the subject after the verb is the less-marked variant, which makes a difference with declarative clauses, where SVO is the preferred order. Due to this, subject preposition in the former contexts triggers the generation of special discursive-pragmatic values, particularly of higher assertiveness or presupposition regarding the content of utterances. The communicative projections of these basic values are then illustrated through the analysis of a variety of examples.

María José Serrano

2012-12-01

318

Force majeure clauses and the threat of nuclear disaster. A Japanese case study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Force majeure clauses can be found in any commercial contract. Though more or less clear guidelines for the applicability of force majeure (clauses) exist in the form of international and national law, the applicability and enforceability of force majeure clauses with respect to nuclear incidents or disasters, however, remain ambiguous. Until the Japanese nuclear disaster, no major trade region was affected by any of the historical nuclear incidents. This case-study is based on the events surrounding the Tohoku earthquake, respective tsunami and nuclear incidents, especially at the Daiichi NPP and radiological contamination released there. The applicability and enforceability of force majeure clauses with their wide legal and economical implications are analyzed and evaluated according to the CISG and national domestic Japanese law. It is found that the assertion of force majeure is generally highly fact-specific and circumstance-sensitive. In general, the potential of nuclear disaster as an event triggering the force majeure defence is clearly evident, according to both international and Japanese law. Any claim must, however, be substantiated according to the principles of the different legal regimes under which the contract falls. In consequence, a company located within the evacuated areas will probably be able to successfully assert for majeure, whilst the success of any other claim will depend on the presentation of evidence, such as radiation levels and its effects in hindering performance of contractual obligations.

319

12 CFR Appendix A to Part 205 - Model Disclosure Clauses and Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

...receive it within 10 business days, we may not credit...we may take up to 20 business days to credit your account...results within three business days after completing...from your account or to process the payment as a check...institution]. A-7—Model Clauses for...

2010-01-01

320

48 CFR 247.271-3 - Solicitation provisions, schedule formats, and contract clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...installation personal property shipping office. Follow the procedures at PGI 247.271-3(c) for use of schedules. (d) The clause...252.247-7014, Demurrage. See additional information at PGI 247.271-3(c)(1) for demurrage and detention...

2010-10-01

 
 
 
 
321

78 FR 73472 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Application of Certain Clauses to Acquisitions...  

Science.gov (United States)

...procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, when 252.232-7003 is used and neither 232.7003(b) nor (c) apply. See PGI 232.7004 for instructions on completing the clause. [FR Doc. 2013-29156 Filed 12-5-13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE...

2013-12-06

322

77 FR 20598 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses...  

Science.gov (United States)

...carriage of cargo by, a U.S.-flag vessel documented under chapter 121 of title 46 U.S.C. Follow the procedures at PGI 247.574. PART 252--SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES 252.203-7000 [Amended] 40. Section...

2012-04-05

323

Lexical and Clause-Linkage Properties of the Converbal Constructions in Sakha (Yakut)  

Science.gov (United States)

This thesis is a comprehensive study of lexical and clause-linkage properties of converbs in an underdescribed language, Sakha (aka Yakut). Following Haspelmath (1995b) a converb is defined as a non-finite verb form which mainly indicates an adverbial subordination. Converbs are attested in diverse languages of the world, but are used extensively…

Petrova, Nyurguyana

2011-01-01

324

29 CFR 2580.412-19 - Term of the bond, discovery period, other bond clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Term of the bond, discovery period, other bond clauses. 2580.412-19 Section 2580.412-19...ACT OF 1974 TEMPORARY BONDING RULES General Bond Rules § 2580.412-19 Term of the bond,...

2010-07-01

325

Trojan Ponies: Undermining the Establishment Clause in the Name of "Child Benefit Theory."  

Science.gov (United States)

Two cases illustrate that whenever the schools or courts abandon the Establishment Clause and embrace "child benefit theory," religious schoolchildren are the only winners. Application of "child benefit theory" has engendered religious strife, increased public funds for religious schools, increased sectarian control of public funding, and…

Thurau-Gray, Lisa H.

1998-01-01

326

Clause, Sentence, and Discourse Patterns in Selected Languages of Nepal: Part I, General Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume, the first in a series of four on the languages of Nepal, contains the following papers: "Toward the Systematization of Display Grammar,""Clause Patterns in Kham,""Tentative Systemic Organization of Nepali Sentences,""Maithili Sentences,""Notation for Simultaneous Representation of Grammatical and Sememic Components in Connected…

Hale, Austin

327

18 CFR 35.14 - Fuel cost and purchased economic power adjustment clauses.  

Science.gov (United States)

...POWER ACT FILING OF RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS...Fuel cost and purchased economic power adjustment clauses...are not in the public interest. These regulations contemplate...the filing of proposed rate schedules, tariffs...the fuel and purchased economic power costs per kWh...

2010-04-01

328

Force majeure clauses and the threat of nuclear disaster. A Japanese case study  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Force majeure clauses can be found in any commercial contract. Though more or less clear guidelines for the applicability of force majeure (clauses) exist in the form of international and national law, the applicability and enforceability of force majeure clauses with respect to nuclear incidents or disasters, however, remain ambiguous. Until the Japanese nuclear disaster, no major trade region was affected by any of the historical nuclear incidents. This case-study is based on the events surrounding the Tohoku earthquake, respective tsunami and nuclear incidents, especially at the Daiichi NPP and radiological contamination released there. The applicability and enforceability of force majeure clauses with their wide legal and economical implications are analyzed and evaluated according to the CISG and national domestic Japanese law. It is found that the assertion of force majeure is generally highly fact-specific and circumstance-sensitive. In general, the potential of nuclear disaster as an event triggering the force majeure defence is clearly evident, according to both international and Japanese law. Any claim must, however, be substantiated according to the principles of the different legal regimes under which the contract falls. In consequence, a company located within the evacuated areas will probably be able to successfully assert for majeure, whilst the success of any other claim will depend on the presentation of evidence, such as radiation levels and its effects in hindering performance of contractual obligations.

Guderian, Stephan Michael

2011-07-22

329

Origin of relative marking in Hausa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although the relative marking has been well described for a number of African languages, the issue of its possible sources has so far not been systematically addressed. This paper gives an account of the origin of the relative marking in Hausa and shows that for this purpose, it is necessary to leave aside the typical contexts with which it is usually associated, that is, relative clauses and out-of-focus clauses of constituent focus and wh question constructions. Instead, this paper shows th...

Abdoulaye, Mahamane L.

2008-01-01

330

New concept for quantification of similarity relates entropy and energy of objects: First and Second Law entangled, equivalence of temperature and time proposed  

CERN Document Server

When the difference between changes in energy and entropy at a given temperature is correlated with the ratio between the same changes in energy and entropy at zero average free energy of an ensemble of similar but distinct molecule-sized objects, a highly significant linear dependence results from which a relationship between energy and entropy is derived and the degree of similarity between the distinctly different members within the group of objects can be quantified. This fundamental energy-entropy relationship is likely to be of general interest in physics, most notably in particle physics and cosmology. We predict a consistent and testable way of classifying mini black holes, to be generated in future Large Hadron Collider experiments, by their gravitational energy and area entropy. For any isolated universe we propose absolute temperature and absolute time to be equivalent, much in the same way as energy and entropy are for an isolated ensemble of similar objects. According to this principle, the cosmo...

Zimak, Petr; Strazewski, Peter

2009-01-01

331

On the Real and Apparent Positions of Moving Objects in Special Relativity: The Rockets-and-String and Pole-and-Barn Paradoxes Revisited and a New Paradox  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The distinction between the real positions of moving objects in a single reference frame and the apparent positions of objects at rest in one inertial frame and viewed from another, as predicted by the space-time Lorentz Transformations, is discussed. It is found that in the Rockets-and-String paradox the string remains unstressed and does not break and that the pole in the Barn-and-Pole paradox never actually fits into the barn. The close relationship of the Lorentz-Fitzger...

Field, J. H.

2004-01-01

332

Six-Month-Old Infants Rely on Explanatory Inference When Relating Communication to People and Manipulatory Actions to Inanimate Objects: Reply to Gergely (2001).  

Science.gov (United States)

Maintains author's interpretation of 6-month-olds' behavior is consistent with task requirements in the 2000 study and previous work showing that infants use explanatory inferences to make sense of their world. Asserts that ability to understand that people communicate with persons but act on objects is precursor to infants' understanding at 9 to…

Legerstee, Maria

2001-01-01

333

Brain activity related to integrative processes in visual object recognition : bottom-up integration and the modulatory influence of stored knowledge  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

We report evidence from a PET activation study that the inferior occipital gyri (likely to include area V2) and the posterior parts of the fusiform and inferior temporal gyri are involved in the integration of visual elements into perceptual wholes (single objects). Of these areas, the fusiform and inferior temporal gyri were more activated by tasks with recognizable stimuli than by tasks with unrecognizable stimuli. We propose that the posterior parts of the fusiform and inferior temporal gyri, compared with the inferior occipital gyri, are involved in higher level integration, due to the involvement of re-entrant activation from stored structural knowledge. Evidence in favor of this interpretation comes from the additional finding that activation of the anterior part of the left fusiform gyrus and a more anterior part of the right inferior temporal gyrus, areas previously associated with access to stored structural knowledge, was found with recognizable stimuli, but not with unrecognizable stimuli. This latter finding also indicates: (i) that subjects may not refrain from (automatically) identifying objects even if they only have to attend to the objects' global shape, and (ii) that perceptual and memorial processes can be dissociated on both functional and anatomical grounds. No evidence was obtained for the involvement of the parietal lobes in the integration of single objects.

Gerlach, Christian; Aaside, C T

2002-01-01

334

La cláusula de conciencia en los códigos de ética periodística: análisis comparativo / The Clause of Conscience in Journalism Ethics Codes: A Comparative Analysi  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La cláusula de conciencia está reconocida internacionalmente como un principio ético y fundamental en la práctica periodística. El objetivo fundamental de este documento es asegurar que la cláusula de conciencia constituye una importante excepción a los poderes del empresario, pues permite al period [...] ista salvar su conflicto de conciencia de la manera menos traumática posible, al acogerse a lo que en otras profesiones liberales se denomina objeción de conciencia. Para ello se realiza un análisis comparativo de la vigencia, el significado y las nuevas tendencias en el contenido y ejercicio de esta prerrogativa en los actuales códigos de ética periodística, tanto de ámbito supranacional como europeo y latinoamericano Abstract in english The Clause of Conscience is internationally recognized as a key ethical principle in the practice of journalism. The main goal of this paper is to assert that the clause of conscience proposes a significant limit to the powers of employers, since it allows journalists to overcome conflicts of consci [...] ence in the least traumatic way possible by making use of what is known as conscientious objection in other liberal professions. This is done through a comparative analysis of aspects like validity, meaning and new trends in the wording, content, and practice of this prerogative in present-day journalism ethics codes at a transnational level, as well as in Europe and Latin America

PORFIRIO, BARROSO; MARÌA DEL MAR, LÓPEZ.

335

48 CFR 204.470-3 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL...americium); (b) Other radiological source materials; or (c) Technologies directly related to nuclear...including nuclear or radiological waste materials....

2010-10-01

336

Focal white matter abnormalities related to neurocognitive dysfunction: An objective diffusion tensor imaging study of children with Sturge-Weber syndrome  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

White matter (WM) loss is associated with cognitive impairment in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). In this study, we evaluated if cognitive and fine motor abnormalities are associated with impaired microstructural integrity in specific WM regions in SWS. Fifteen children with unilateral SWS (age: 3-12.4 years) and 11 controls (age: 6-12.8 years) underwent diffusion tensor imaging. Tract Based Spatial Statistics was used for objective comparisons of WM fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivi...

Alkonyi, Ba?lint; Govindan, Rajkumar M.; Chugani, Harry T.; Behen, Michael E.; Jeong, Jeong-won; Juha?sz, Csaba

2011-01-01

337

48 CFR 927.409 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (DOE coverage-paragraphs (a), (h), (s), and (t))  

Science.gov (United States)

...software. (2) Computer software, as used in this clause...technical data and computer software. For the purposes of this...as data identifying source, size, configuration, mating...except that for computer software it means data...

2010-10-01

338

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...conferences, and other related activities...contractor including social or recreational...ix. Any other term, condition...independently operated corporate affiliates...or less. This term includes full-time...directly and closely related to the performance...performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

339

48 CFR 728.313 - Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services.  

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...subcontracts ensuring that all U.S. marine insurance companies have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance when such insurance is necessary...USAID-direct contract where marine insurance is necessary or...

2010-10-01

340

Case Checking in Verbless Sentences Functioning as Embedded Clauses in Modern Standard Arabic: A Minimalist Account  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to provide an account of case checking in verbless sentences functioning as embedded clauses in Modern Standard Arabic with an eye on the recent developments within syntactic theory, namely the Minimalist Program. Using the Checking Theory as a frame of reference, I argue that the predicate in verbless sentences functioning as embedded clauses gets its accusative case under agreement with the subject. The underlying assumption is that verbless sentences are predication phrases (PredPs dominating nominal and adjectival phrases. The PredP mediates agreement between the predicate and the subject of the verbless sentence and thus facilitates the mechanism under which case is checked. Empirical as well as cross-linguistic evidence will be given to support the proposed account.

Maisoun I. Abu-Joudeh

2013-02-01

 
 
 
 
341

H[sub 2]S--Conclusion: Options narrowed to Claus or redox processes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Depending on the gas flow rate and the produced tons of sulfur/day, the amine/Claus and Redox processes meet the requirements of a proposed CO[sub 2] EOR gas processing plant near Welch, Tex. In the low gas flow range and sulfur tonnage above 8 long tons/day, amine/Claus was best while for the high gas flow range and sulfur tonnage below 15 long tons/day, Redox was more economical. Five different sulfur recovery processes were evaluated for OXY USA Inc.'s CO[sub 2] enhanced oil recovery project (EOR) in West Texas. Part 1 described the overall processes selected. This concluding part will detail the sulfur recovery options.

Johnson, J.E. (Pritchard Corp., Overland, KS (United States)); Tzap, S.J.; Kelley, R.E. (Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, Denver, CO (United States)); Laczko, L.P. (OXY USA Inc., Midland, TX (United States))

1993-11-22

342

Solving the Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problem with Generalized Precedences by Lazy Clause Generation  

CERN Document Server

The technical report presents a generic exact solution approach for minimizing the project duration of the resource-constrained project scheduling problem with generalized precedences (Rcpsp/max). The approach uses lazy clause generation, i.e., a hybrid of finite domain and Boolean satisfiability solving, in order to apply nogood learning and conflict-driven search on the solution generation. Our experiments show the benefit of lazy clause generation for finding an optimal solutions and proving its optimality in comparison to other state-of-the-art exact and non-exact methods. The method is highly robust: it matched or bettered the best known results on all of the 2340 instances we examined except 3, according to the currently available data on the PSPLib. Of the 631 open instances in this set it closed 573 and improved the bounds of 51 of the remaining 58 instances.

Schutt, Andreas; Stuckey, Peter J; Wallace, Mark G

2010-01-01

343

Insights into the chemistry of the Claus reaction furnace and waste heat boiler  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Methods to deal with the unwanted by-product of acid-gas combustion in the Claus reaction furnace were presented. The by-product, carbon disulfide (CS2), is disturbing because if it is not converted to H2S in the first catalytic converter, it will appear as a sulfur emission in the tail gas of plants not using reductive clean-up technology. To address this issue, Claus catalysts have been designed specifically for CS2 hydrolysis. Studies have been conducted to determine what type of hydrocarbons lead to CS2 formation. It was concluded that all hydrocarbons result in CS2 production, but that benzene is particularly difficult. Data for a wide range of acid gas compositions and contaminant hydrocarbons at different process conditions was presented. Methods to destroy CS2 in the furnace were also identified

344

Relativity  

CERN Document Server

Time magazine's ""Man of the Century"", Albert Einstein is the founder of modern physics and his theory of relativity is the most important scientific idea of the modern era. In this short book, Einstein explains, using the minimum of mathematical terms, the basic ideas and principles of the theory that has shaped the world we live in today. Unsurpassed by any subsequent books on relativity, this remains the most popular and useful exposition of Einstein's immense contribution to human knowledge.With a new foreword by Derek Raine.

Einstein, Albert

2013-01-01

345

Relativity  

CERN Document Server

The theory of relativity has become a cornerstone of modern physics. Over the course of time it has been scrutinized in a multitude of experiments and has always been verified with high accuracy. The correctness of this theory can no longer be called into question. Right after its discovery by Albert Einstein in 1905, special relativity was only gradually accepted because it made numerous predictions contradicting common sense, fervently castigated by Einstein, and also defied experiment for too long a time. It was only with the advent of particle or high energy physics that matter could be ac

Brewster, Hilary D

2009-01-01

346

An investigation of an OR parallel execution model for horn clause programs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a model for OR parallel execution of Horn clause programs on a combined local and shared memory multiprocessor system. In this model, the shared memory only contains control information that guides processors requesting a job to independently construct the environment required to get a new job. Each processor has a local memory containing its own binding environment. This reduces the traffic to the shared memory and allows each processor to process its job with high performance. Ea...

Ali, Khayri Mohammed; Wong, Milton

1988-01-01

347

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...administered by the contractor; vii. Selection and financial support for training...and other related activities, and selection for leaves of absence to pursue training...be binding upon each subcontractor or vendor. The contractor will take such...

2010-07-01

348

41 CFR 60-300.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...administered by the contractor; vii. Selection and financial support for training...and other related activities, and selection for leaves of absence to pursue training...be binding upon each subcontractor or vendor. The contractor will take such...

2010-07-01

349

41 CFR 60-741.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...administered by the contractor; vii. Selection and financial support for training...and other related activities, and selection for leaves of absence to pursue training...be binding upon each subcontractor or vendor. The contractor will take such...

2010-07-01

350

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...Selection and financial support...including social or recreational...during the performance of this...operated corporate affiliates...related to the performance of the work...Secretary in the performance of their responsibilities under...

2010-07-01

351

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...Selection and financial support for...contractor including social or recreational...during the performance of this contract...independently operated corporate affiliates...related to the performance of the work...Secretary in the performance of...

2010-07-01

352

48 CFR 204.470-3 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...e.g., uranium, plutonium, neptunium, thorium, americium); (b) Other radiological source...or (c) Technologies directly related to nuclear power production, including nuclear or radiological waste materials. [74...

2010-10-01

353

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...contractor including social or recreational...occur during the performance of this contract...closely related to the performance of the work described...Secretary in the performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

354

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...Selection and financial support for...contractor including social or recreational...occur during the performance of this...related to the performance of the work...Secretary in the performance of their responsibilities under...

2010-07-01

355

41 CFR 60-300.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...and other related activities, and selection...training; viii. Activities sponsored by the contractor including social or recreational...independently operated corporate affiliates...the business is a corporate or other type of...performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

356

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...and other related activities, and selection...training; viii. Activities sponsored by the contractor including social or recreational...independently operated corporate affiliates...the work week to activities which are not directly...performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

357

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...contractor including social or recreational programs...which occur during the performance of this contract...independently operated corporate affiliates, at...closely related to the performance of the work described...the Secretary in the performance of their...

2010-07-01

358

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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...contractor including social or recreational...occur during the performance of this contract...independently operated corporate affiliates...related to the performance of the work...Secretary in the performance of their responsibilities under...

2010-07-01

359

41 CFR 60-250.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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41 Public Contracts and...60-250.5 Public Contracts and...Relating to Public Contracts ...contractor including social or recreational...independently operated corporate affiliates...performance of their responsibilities under...

2010-07-01

360

41 CFR 60-300.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

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41 Public Contracts and...60-300.5 Public Contracts and...Relating to Public Contracts ...contractor including social or recreational...independently operated corporate affiliates...performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

 
 
 
 
361

48 CFR 204.470-3 - Contract clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...S.-International Atomic Energy Agency Additional Protocol...uranium, plutonium, neptunium, thorium, americium); (b) Other...Technologies directly related to nuclear power production, including nuclear or radiological waste...

2010-10-01

362

Recent developments of Claus techniques as applied to natural and refinery gases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A discussion of the Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine (SNEA) experience covers the kinetics of the Claus reaction and the secondary reactions in both noncatalytic high-temperature units and catalytic plants treating natural or refinery gases with various contents of hydrogen sulfide, hydrocarbons, and ammonia; catalyst aging mechanisms and the advanced AM catalyst, i.e., metal salt-modified alumina resistant to sulfation, developed by SNEA improvements introduced by SNEA into the reactor design, process control and optimization, catalyst regeneration, and methods of plant shutdown without catalyst degradation; and ways for improving sulfur recovery rates in the industrial Claus plants to 99.9% (< 250 ppm sulfur compound in the stack gases) by additional desulfurization of residual gases, including a very-low-temperature Claus reaction, i.e., the Sulfreen process, which can be further improved by the reduction of the remaining sulfur gases to H/sub 2/S and selective extraction of the latter with methyldiethanolamine (SNEA's Elfapur process, by improving the Sulfreen catalyst performance through regeneration with H/sub 2/S, or by using the AM catalyst that removes oxygen from the reacting gases.

Grancher, P.; Blanc, C.; Guyot, G.; Mathieu, P.; Nougayrede, J.; Tellier, J.

1980-03-01

363

Influência da textura na preensão de indivíduos com Síndrome de Down / Influence of the object texture related to the grip in individuals with Down Syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos estudos disponibilizam evidências sobre características do desempenho motor e cognitivo de indivíduos com Síndrome de Down (SD), porém poucos estudos analisam a força muscular nestes indivíduos. As alterações apresentadas por indivíduos com SD podem manifestar-se funcionalmente [...] e interferir na sua capacidade de desempenhar de forma independente diversas atividades e tarefas da rotina diária. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a influência da textura do objeto na força de preensão palmar em indivíduos com Síndrome de Down. Participaram do estudo dez indivíduos com SD, com idade entre 4 e 30 anos. MÉTODO: A análise da força de preensão palmar foi mensurada por meio de um transdutor de força. A tarefa proposta para a coleta dos dados foi realizar a preensão do transdutor, revestido com diferentes texturas, transportá-lo até um ponto previamente demarcado, e posteriormente o retorno à posição inicial. Os dados obtidos foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e não-paramétrica. RESULTADOS: Os dados da estatística descritiva permitiram observar que a textura áspera foi a que exigiu menor força de preensão palmar dos participantes neste estudo, no entanto a análise não-paramétrica indicou não haver diferença estatisticamente significativa. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo indicam que textura do objeto não influenciou a força de preensão palmar executada pelos indivíduos com Síndrome de Down. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Many studies show evidences about characteristics of the motor and cognitive performance of subjects with Down Syndrome (DS). However, there is lack of studies that analyze the muscular force in these individuals. The alterations found in subjects with DS can impair their function and [...] interfere in the capacity of the subjects to perform many activities and tasks of the daily routine independently. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of object's texture on grip force in subjects with DS. Ten individuals with diagnosis of DS were selected, with age between 4 and 30 years. METHODS: The grip force was measured with a transducer with two different textures. The proposed task for data collection was to hold the transducer, covered with two different textures, and carry it until a point previously demarcated, and later return it to the initial position. The data were analyzed through descriptive and nonparametric statistics. RESULTS: It was possible to observe that the rough texture was the one that demanded minor amount of grip force; however the nonparametric analysis indicated that there was no significant difference in grip force among textures. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that the object's texture did not influence the grip force carried out by individuals with DS.

Anna Carolyna Lepesteur, Gianlorenço; Daniela, Ide; Lígia Maria Presumido, Braccialli.

364

Relations Between the Object Under Consideration, Dialectical System, System and Model of it as a Basis for the Requisite Holism and Realism of Modelling and its Results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Modelling is a crucial tool in research and development, but models simplify one’s perception of systems as mental pictures of reality, maybe too much. Therefore one must be aware of the addressed relations, typology of models, and apply ‘USOMID – 6 Thinking Hats’ method of creative cooperation to attain requisite holism of approach and requisite wholeness of outcomes.

Matjaz Mulej

2013-04-01

365

Subjective and objective binge eating in relation to eating disorder symptomatology, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem among treatment-seeking adolescents with bulimia nervosa.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the importance of the distinction between objective (OBE) and subjective binge eating (SBE) among 80 treatment-seeking adolescents with bulimia nervosa. We explored relationships among OBEs, SBEs, eating disorder (ED) symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem using two approaches. Group comparisons showed that OBE and SBE groups did not differ on ED symptoms or self-esteem; however, the SBE group had significantly greater depression. Examining continuous variables, OBEs (not SBEs) accounted for significant unique variance in global ED pathology, vomiting, and self-esteem. SBEs (not OBEs) accounted for significant unique variance in restraint and depression. Both OBEs and SBEs accounted for significant unique variance in eating concern; neither accounted for unique variance in weight/shape concern, laxative use, diuretic use, or driven exercise. Loss of control, rather than amount of food, may be most important in defining binge eating. Additionally, OBEs may indicate broader ED pathology, while SBEs may indicate restrictive/depressive symptomatology. PMID:24852114

Fitzsimmons-Craft, Ellen E; Ciao, Anna C; Accurso, Erin C; Pisetsky, Emily M; Peterson, Carol B; Byrne, Catherine E; Le Grange, Daniel

2014-07-01

366

Objectively-assessed and self-reported sedentary time in relation to multiple socioeconomic status indicators among adults in England: a cross-sectional study  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives To examine the associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and multidomain self-reported and objectively-assessed sedentary time (ST). Design Cross-sectional. Setting General population households in England. Participants 2289 adults aged 16–96?years who participated in the 2008 Health Survey for England. Outcomes Accelerometer-measured ST, and self-reported television time, non-television leisure-time sitting and occupational sitting/standing. We examined multivariable associations between household income, social class, education, area deprivation for each SEP indicator (including a 5-point composite SEP score computed by aggregating individual SEP indicators) and each ST indicator using generalised linear models. Results Accelerometry-measured total ST and occupational sitting/standing were positively associated with SEP score and most of its constituent SEP indicators, while television time was negatively associated with SEP score and education level. Area-level deprivation was largely unrelated to ST. Those in the lowest composite SEP group spent 64 (95% CIs 52 to 76) and 72 (48 to 98), fewer minutes/day in total ST and occupational sitting/standing compared to those in the top SEP group, and an additional 48 (35–60) min/day watching television (p<0.001 for linear trend). Stratified analyses showed that these associations between composite SEP score and total ST were evident only among participants who were in employment. Conclusions Occupational sitting seems to drive the positive association between SEP and total ST. Lower SEP is linked to higher TV viewing times. PMID:25377012

Stamatakis, Emmanuel; Coombs, Ngaire; Rowlands, Alex; Shelton, Nicola; Hillsdon, Melvyn

2014-01-01

367

41 CFR 60-300.5 - Equal opportunity clause.  

Science.gov (United States)

...and other related activities...contractor including social or recreational...Any other term, condition...independently operated corporate affiliates...less. This term includes full-time...business is a corporate or other type...bound by the terms of the Vietnam...performance of their responsibilities under the...

2010-07-01

368

This elusive objective existence  

CERN Document Server

Zurek's existential interpretation of quantum mechanics suffers from three classical prejudices, including the belief that space and time are intrinsically and infinitely differentiated. They compel him to relativize the concept of objective existence in two ways. The elimination of these prejudices makes it possible to recognize the quantum formalism's ontological implications - the relative and contingent reality of spatiotemporal distinctions and the extrinsic and finite spatiotemporal differentiation of the physical world - which in turn makes it possible to arrive at an unqualified objective existence. Contrary to a widespread misconception, viewing the quantum formalism as being fundamentally a probability algorithm does not imply that quantum mechanics is concerned with states of knowledge rather than states of Nature. On the contrary, it makes possible a complete and strongly objective description of the physical world that requires no reference to observers. What objectively exists, in a sense that r...

Mohrhoff, U

2004-01-01

369

Subjective and Objective Binge Eating in Relation to Eating Disorder Symptomatology, Depressive Symptoms, and Self-Esteem Among Treatment-Seeking Adolescents with Bulimia Nervosa  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the importance of the distinction between objective (OBE) and subjective binge eating (SBE) among 80 treatment-seeking adolescents with bulimia nervosa (BN). We explored relationships among OBEs, SBEs, eating disorder (ED) symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem using two approaches. Group comparisons showed that OBE and SBE groups did not differ on ED symptoms or self-esteem; however, the SBE group had significantly greater depression. Examining continuous variables, OBEs (not SBEs) accounted for significant unique variance in global ED pathology, vomiting, and self-esteem. SBEs (not OBEs) accounted for significant unique variance in restraint and depression. Both OBEs and SBEs accounted for significant unique variance in eating concern; neither accounted for unique variance in weight/shape concern, laxative use, diuretic use, or driven exercise. Loss of control, rather than amount of food, may be most important in defining binge eating. Additionally, OBEs may indicate broader ED pathology while SBEs may indicate restrictive/depressive symptomatology. PMID:24852114

Fitzsimmons-Craft, Ellen E.; Ciao, Anna C.; Accurso, Erin C.; Pisetsky, Emily M.; Peterson, Carol B.; Byrne, Catherine E.; Le Grange, Daniel

2014-01-01

370

Comparison of breast cancer-related lymphedema (upper limb swelling) prevalence estimated using objective and subjective criteria and relationship with quality of life.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to investigate lymphedema prevalence using three different measurement/diagnostic criterion combinations and explore the relationship between lymphedema and quality of life for each, to provide evaluation of rehabilitation. Cross-sectional data from 617 women attending review appointments after completing surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy included the Morbidity Screening Tool (MST; criterion: yes to lymphedema); Lymphedema and Breast Cancer Questionnaire (LBCQ; criterion: yes to heaviness and/or swelling); percentage limb volume difference (perometer: %LVD; criterion: 10%+ difference); and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy breast cancer-specific quality of life tool (FACT B+4). Perometry measurements were conducted in a clinic room. Between 341 and 577 participants provided sufficient data for each analysis, with mean age varying from 60 to 62 (SD 9.95-10.03) and median months after treatment from 49 to 51. Lymphedema prevalence varied from 26.2% for perometry %LVD to 20.5% for the MST and 23.9% for the LBCQ; differences were not significant. Limits of agreement analysis between %LVD and the subjective measures showed little consistency, while moderate consistency resulted between the subjective measures. Quality of life differed significantly for women with and without lymphedema only when subjective measurements were used. Results suggest that subjective and objective tools investigate different aspects of lymphedema. PMID:23853774

Bulley, Catherine; Gaal, Susanne; Coutts, Fiona; Blyth, Christine; Jack, Wilma; Chetty, Udi; Barber, Matthew; Tan, Chee-Wee

2013-01-01

371

Relativity  

Science.gov (United States)

Preface; Notation; Part I. Special Relativity: 1. Introduction: inertial systems and Galilei invariance of classical mechanics; 2. Light propagation in moving coordinate systems and Lorentz transformations; 3. Our world as a Minkowski space; 4. Mechanics of special relativity; 5. Optics of plane waves; 6. Four-dimensional vectors and tensors; 7. Electrodynamics in vacuo; 8. Transformation properties of electromagnetic fields: examples; 9. Null vectors and the algebraic properties of electromagnetic field tensors; 10. Charged point particles and their field; 11. Pole-dipole particles and their field; 12. Electrodynamics in media; 13. Perfect fluids and other physical theories; Part II. Riemannian Geometry: 14. Introduction: the force-free motion of particles in Newtonian mechanics; 15. Why Riemannian geometry?; 16. Riemannian space; 17. Tensor algebra; 18. The covariant derivative and parallel transport; 19. The curvature tensor; 20. Differential operators, integrals and integral laws; 21. Fundamental laws of physics in Riemannian spaces; Part III. Foundations of Einstein's Theory of Gravitation: 22. The fundamental equations of Einstein's theory of gravitation; 23. The Schwarzschild solution; 24. Experiments to verify the Schwarzschild metric; 25. Gravitational lenses; 26. The interior Schwarzschild solution; Part IV. Linearized Theory of Gravitation, Far Fields and Gravitational Waves: 27. The linearized Einstein theory of gravity; 28. Far fields due to arbitrary matter distributions and balance equations for momentum and angular momentum; 29. Gravitational waves; 30. The Cauchy problem for the Einstein field equations; Part V. Invariant Characterization of Exact Solutions: 31. Preferred vector fields and their properties; 32. The Petrov classification; 33. Killing vectors and groups of motion; 34. A survey of some selected classes of exact solutions; Part VI. Gravitational Collapse and Black Holes: 35. The Schwarzschild singularity; 36. Gravitational collapse - the possible life history of a spherically symmetric star; 37. Rotating black holes; 38. Black holes are not black - relativity theory and quantum theory; 39. The conformal structure of infinity; Part VII. Cosmology: 40. Robertson-Walker metrics and their properties; 41. The dynamics of Robertson-Walker metrics and the Friedmann universes; 42. Our Universe as a Friedmann model; 43. General cosmological models; Bibliography; Index.

Stephani, Hans

2004-02-01

372

Análisis audio-perceptivo y acústico de la prosodia de las cláusulas en español venezolano / Audio-perceptive and acoustic analyses of the prosody of clauses in Venezuelan Spanish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este trabajo presenta una serie de presupuestos relacionados con las características prosódicas que acompañan las cláusulas en español venezolano, en su variedad de Mérida. Para ello se partió de un análisis acústico y de un análisis audio-perceptivo. Se analizó la distribución y naturaleza de las p [...] ausas, la variación de la frecuencia fundamental al inicio y al final de las cláusulas, los distintos acentos, tanto en sílabas acentuadas iniciales como finales, y la duración de las sílabas acentuadas e inacentuadas iniciales y finales. Los resultados permiten sugerir que las cláusulas presentan ciertos rasgos suprasegmentales que permiten identificarlas. La prosodia conduce al reconocimiento de la estructura sintáctico-discursiva de la oralidad. Abstract in english This study presents a series of analyses related to the prosodic characteristics of clauses in the Mérida dialect of Venezuelan Spanish. The study was based on two analyses: one acoustic and one audio-perceptive. Parameters analysed were the distribution and nature of pauses, variations on fundament [...] al frequency at the beginning and the end of clauses, the different types of accents on both stressed initial and final syllables and the duration of stress syllables, both in initial and final positions. Results suggest that clauses have certain prosodic features that identify them. Data reveals that prosody leads to the recognition of syntactic-discursive structures in the spoken language.

Elsa, Mora; Hernán, Martínez; Carmen Luisa, Domínguez.

2009-04-01

373

Multi-objective optimization of Nd:YAG laser cutting of thin superalloy sheet using grey relational analysis with entropy measurement  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a hybrid optimization approach for the determination of the optimum laser cutting process parameters which minimize the kerf width, kerf taper, and kerf deviation together during pulsed Nd:YAG laser cutting of a thin sheet of nickel-based superalloy SUPERNI 718 (an equivalent grade to Inconel 718). A hybrid approach of Taguchi methodology and grey relational analysis has been applied to achieve better cut qualities within existing resources. The input process parameters considered are oxygen pressure, pulse width, pulse frequency, and cutting speed. A higher resolution based L 27 orthogonal array has been used for conducting the experiments for both straight and curved cut profiles. The designed experimental results are used in grey relational analysis and the weights of the quality characteristics are determined by employing the entropy measurement method. The significant parameters were obtained by performing analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimized parameters for straight and curved laser cut profiles have been compared. On the basis of optimization results it has been found that the optimal parameter level suggested for straight cut profiles are not valid for curved cut profiles. The application of the hybrid approach for straight cuts has reduced K t and K d by 52.37% and 17%, respectively. For curved cuts the approach has reduced K w and K t by 8.45% and 44.44%, respectively. The results have also been verified by running confirmation tests.

Rao, Raghavendra; Yadava, Vinod

2009-11-01

374

A sample of 6C radio sources designed to find objects at redshift > 4 III --- imaging and the radio galaxy K-z relation  

CERN Document Server

In this paper, the third and final of a series, we present complete K-band imaging and some complementary I-band imaging of the filtered 6C* sample. We find no systematic differences between the K-z relation of 6C* radio galaxies and those from complete samples, so the near-infrared properties of luminous radio galaxies are not obviously biased by the additional 6C* radio selection criteria (steep spectral index and small angular size). The 6C* K-z data significantly improve delineation of the K-z relation for radio galaxies at high-redshift (z >2). Accounting for non-stellar contamination, and for correlations between radio luminosity and stellar mass, we find little support for previous claims that the underlying scatter in the stellar luminosity of radio galaxies increases significantly at z >2. In a particular spatially-flat universe with a cosmological constant, the most luminous radio sources appear to be associated with galaxies with a luminosity distribution with a high mean (~5 Lstar), and a low disp...

Jarvis, M J; Eales, S A; Blundell, Katherine M; Bunker, A J; Croft, S; McLure, R J; Willott, C J; Jarvis, Matt J.; Rawlings, Steve; Eales, Steve; Blundell, Katherine M.; Bunker, Andrew J.; Croft, Steve; Lure, Ross J.Mc; Willott, Chris J.

2001-01-01

375

The effectiveness of take-or-pay clauses under the Brazilian courts; A eficacia das clausulas de 'take-or-pay' nos tribunais brasileiros  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The international energy industry, where the sale of their commodities (oil, natural gas, biofuels and its derivatives), typically uses in its long-term contracts clauses take-or-pay. However, questioning about the Brazilian judicial effectiveness of such clauses appears each day. This paper aims to establish a rationale clause of take-or-pay; have terms and typical conditions of one clause of take-or-pay; discuss the existing national law on the subject; list the main questions arising from the applicability of the terms of take-or-pay, and the potential solutions to the current scenario.

Goncalves, Bruno A.; Travassos, Cristiano H. [Tess Advogados, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2008-07-01

376

Medienanalytische betrachtungen zu Claus Peymanns Verfilmung der ,,Hermannsschlacht" nach Heinrich von Kleist / A media-analytic view on Claus Peymann's film about Heinrich von Kleist's "Hermannsschlacht"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: German Abstract in english This paper describes interpretations of Heinrich von Kleist's Hermannsschlacht (title in English: The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest). Historically there have been four different types of interpretation: those that praise both content and form, those that express dislike of both con-tent and form, t [...] hose that praise the content but dislike the form, and those that inversely express dislike for the content but admiration for the form. It is argued here that Claus Peymann's inter-pretation, as seen in his film, goes contrary to these traditional ways of dealing with Hermannsschlacht, since Peymann's interpretation obviously respects Kleist's text but inter-prets Hermansschlacht as a text in favor of peace, not war.

Hans W., Giessen.

377

Medienanalytische betrachtungen zu Claus Peymanns Verfilmung der ,,Hermannsschlacht" nach Heinrich von Kleist / A media-analytic view on Claus Peymann's film about Heinrich von Kleist's "Hermannsschlacht"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: German Abstract in english This paper describes interpretations of Heinrich von Kleist's Hermannsschlacht (title in English: The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest). Historically there have been four different types of interpretation: those that praise both content and form, those that express dislike of both con-tent and form, t [...] hose that praise the content but dislike the form, and those that inversely express dislike for the content but admiration for the form. It is argued here that Claus Peymann's inter-pretation, as seen in his film, goes contrary to these traditional ways of dealing with Hermannsschlacht, since Peymann's interpretation obviously respects Kleist's text but inter-prets Hermansschlacht as a text in favor of peace, not war.

Hans W., Giessen.

2013-12-01

378

[Radiating-hygienic and geoecological approaches to an estimation of safety of radiating hazardous objects].  

Science.gov (United States)

In clause complex radio ecological and geoecological criteria of an estimation of potential danger of radiating hazardous objects are resulted. The offered criteria characterize: radioactive (in aggregate with chemical parameters) parameters of waste; a condition of protective barriers of a construction; process of migration (distribution) radionuclides in an environment; kinds and a degree of influence of radioisotopes on the person and an environment. The system of classification of criteria on a degree of hanger is resulted. PMID:22724353

2012-01-01

379

Validade e confiabilidade da versão brasileira de um inventário de avaliação de relações objetais / Validity and reliability of the Brazilian version of an inventory for the evaluation of object relations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Introdução: Relação objetal tem sido um conceito fértil para a psicanálise e para a psiquiatria. O reconhecimento crescente do valor diagnóstico do conceito de relação objetal nos transtornos psiquiátricos tem levado ao desenvolvimento de várias escalas que pretendem mensurá-lo. O estudo teve o prop [...] ósito de produzir os índices de validade e confiabilidade da versão em português de um instrumento amplamente usado, planejado para avaliar relações objetais, o Bell Object Relations and Reality Testing Inventory (BORRTI - Form O). Métodos: A amostra foi composta de 218 estudantes de graduação de psicologia. Uma análise fatorial exploratória obteve, com sucesso, as quatro dimensões descritas nos estudos originais. Resultados: Estas dimensões demonstraram boa correlação dos escores quando comparadas às respectivas dimensões da versão em inglês do BORRTI - Forma O (0,62 para alienação, 0,82 para vinculação insegura, 0,83 para egocentrismo e 0,78 para incapacidade social). Os escores de confiabilidade também foram aceitáveis, com um valor alpha de Cronbach para todos os itens de 0,59 e confiabilidade split-half Spearman-Brown de 0,63. Conclusões: Tornando estes índices disponíveis, o estudo pode contribuir para a escolha adequada de escalas que investiguem relações objetais no Brasil. Abstract in english Introduction: Object relation has been a fertile concept in psychoanalysis and psychiatry. The growing recognition of the diagnostic value of the object relation concept in psychiatric disorders has led to the development of several scales for its measurement. The study aimed to produce validity and [...] reliability indices in the Portuguese version of a widely used instrument designed to measure object relations, the Bell Object Relations and Reality Testing Inventory (BORRTI - Form O). Methods: Data was collected from 218 psychology graduate students. Exploratory factorial analysis allowed obtaining successfully the 4 dimensions described in previous studies. Results: These dimensions showed good correlation scores when compared to their respective dimensions in the English version of the BORRTI - Form O (0.62 for alienation, 0.82 for insecure attachment, 0.83 for egocentricity and 0.78 for social incompetence). Reliability scores were also acceptable with Cronbach's alpha for all items at 0.59, and split-half Spearman-Brown at 0.63. Conclusions: By making these indices available, the study can contribute to the rational choice of scales to investigate object relation in Brazil.

Wilze L, Bruscato; Eduardo, Iacoponi.

380

Frecuencia y mecanismos de exposición accidental a productos biológicos potencialmente infecciosos en personal de salud / Sharp object related accident involving health personnel in a pediatric hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción. Los accidentes por material punzocortante constituyen un riesgo al que está sometido el personal de salud. Objetivo: describir la frecuencia y mecanismos de exposición a productos biológicos infecciosos en el personal de salud. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional y [...] descriptivo, de los reportes del programa de vigilancia epidemiológica a la exposición a productos biológicos infecciosos en el personal de salud del Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez de la Ciudad de México, ocurridos del 1 de enero de 1991 al 31 de diciembre de 2004. Resultados. Se presentaron 848 accidentes de trabajo durante el período estudiado. El promedio de accidentes por 100 camas/año fue de 29.9 con una variación de 4.6 a 56.4. Hubo 8.29 accidentes por 1 000 egresos/año, con un límite de 1.6 a 14.4. Los eventos se presentaron principalmente en personal de enfermería con 345 episodios (40.6%), seguido de médicos residentes con 220 eventos (25.9%). El mecanismo más frecuente fue el piquete con aguja en 616 ocasiones (72.6%), siendo las manos el sitio anatómico más comúnmente afectado en 677 casos (79.8%). Los servicios donde hubo más accidentes fueron: Urgencias con 109 eventos (12.8%), UTIP con 96 (11.3%), y UCIN con 80 (9.4%), siendo el turno matutino donde hubo el de mayor número, 507 eventos (59.7%). Las medidas de precaución realizadas por el personal lesionado fueron las siguientes: uso de guantes 488 (57.5%), lavado de manos 404 (47.6%), uso de cubrebocas 304 (35.8%), uso de bata 253 (29.8%), uso de lentes 134 (15.8%), ninguna 144 (16.9%). Con respecto al antecedente de administración de vacuna contra hepatitis B, sólo 445 (52.4%) se habían aplicado al menos una dosis y 403 (47.5%) ninguna dosis. Conclusiones. La exposición ocupacional a productos biológicos infecciosos es un problema importante en el personal de salud, especialmente en hospitales que dan atención a pacientes pediátricos, debido a las dificultades que implica el atender niños. Reforzar las estrategias educativas sobre el uso de las precauciones estándar en la toma apropiada de las muestras y utilizar material de bioseguridad podría ayudar a reducir la frecuencia de los accidentes con objetos punzocortantes. Abstract in english Introduction. The needle-stick and sharp device injuries constitute a risk to which health personnel is exposed. Objective. To describe the frequency and mechanisms of exposition to infectious biological products in health care personnel. Material and methods. It was an observational and descriptive [...] study from the reports of the epidemiological surveillance program concerning to the exposition to infectious biological products in the health care personnel from Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez in Mexico City, happened from January 1, 1991, to December 31, 2004. Results. We observed 848 laboral accidents during this period. The average of accidents per 100 beds/ year was 29.9 with a variation from 4.6 to 56.4. There were 8.29 accidents for 1 000 outcomes/year, with a limit from 1.6 to 14.4. The events appeared mainly in the nursery personnel with 345 episodes (40.6%), followed by resident doctors with 220 events (25.9%). The most frequent mechanism was needle pinch in 616 (72.6%), being the hands the anatomical site most commonly affected in 677 cases (79.8%). The areas most affected were: Emergency with 109 events (12.8%), Pediatric Intensive Care Unit with 96 (11.3%), and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with 80 (9.4%), being in the matutinal turn the greater number of accidents, 507 events (59.7%). The standard precautions made by the injured personnel were: use of gloves 488 (57.5%); hand washing 404 (47.6%), use of mouth covers 304 (35.8%), use of gown 253 (29.8%), use of lenses 134 (15.8%), none 144 (16.9%). Concerning to the background of vaccine administration against hepatitis B, only 445 (52.4%) had been applied at least one dose and 403 (47.5%) none. Conclusions. The occupational

José Juan, Morales-Aguirre.

2006-08-01

 
 
 
 
381

Frecuencia y mecanismos de exposición accidental a productos biológicos potencialmente infecciosos en personal de salud / Sharp object related accident involving health personnel in a pediatric hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción. Los accidentes por material punzocortante constituyen un riesgo al que está sometido el personal de salud. Objetivo: describir la frecuencia y mecanismos de exposición a productos biológicos infecciosos en el personal de salud. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional y [...] descriptivo, de los reportes del programa de vigilancia epidemiológica a la exposición a productos biológicos infecciosos en el personal de salud del Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez de la Ciudad de México, ocurridos del 1 de enero de 1991 al 31 de diciembre de 2004. Resultados. Se presentaron 848 accidentes de trabajo durante el período estudiado. El promedio de accidentes por 100 camas/año fue de 29.9 con una variación de 4.6 a 56.4. Hubo 8.29 accidentes por 1 000 egresos/año, con un límite de 1.6 a 14.4. Los eventos se presentaron principalmente en personal de enfermería con 345 episodios (40.6%), seguido de médicos residentes con 220 eventos (25.9%). El mecanismo más frecuente fue el piquete con aguja en 616 ocasiones (72.6%), siendo las manos el sitio anatómico más comúnmente afectado en 677 casos (79.8%). Los servicios donde hubo más accidentes fueron: Urgencias con 109 eventos (12.8%), UTIP con 96 (11.3%), y UCIN con 80 (9.4%), siendo el turno matutino donde hubo el de mayor número, 507 eventos (59.7%). Las medidas de precaución realizadas por el personal lesionado fueron las siguientes: uso de guantes 488 (57.5%), lavado de manos 404 (47.6%), uso de cubrebocas 304 (35.8%), uso de bata 253 (29.8%), uso de lentes 134 (15.8%), ninguna 144 (16.9%). Con respecto al antecedente de administración de vacuna contra hepatitis B, sólo 445 (52.4%) se habían aplicado al menos una dosis y 403 (47.5%) ninguna dosis. Conclusiones. La exposición ocupacional a productos biológicos infecciosos es un problema importante en el personal de salud, especialmente en hospitales que dan atención a pacientes pediátricos, debido a las dificultades que implica el atender niños. Reforzar las estrategias educativas sobre el uso de las precauciones estándar en la toma apropiada de las muestras y utilizar material de bioseguridad podría ayudar a reducir la frecuencia de los accidentes con objetos punzocortantes. Abstract in english Introduction. The needle-stick and sharp device injuries constitute a risk to which health personnel is exposed. Objective. To describe the frequency and mechanisms of exposition to infectious biological products in health care personnel. Material and methods. It was an observational and descriptive [...] study from the reports of the epidemiological surveillance program concerning to the exposition to infectious biological products in the health care personnel from Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez in Mexico City, happened from January 1, 1991, to December 31, 2004. Results. We observed 848 laboral accidents during this period. The average of accidents per 100 beds/ year was 29.9 with a variation from 4.6 to 56.4. There were 8.29 accidents for 1 000 outcomes/year, with a limit from 1.6 to 14.4. The events appeared mainly in the nursery personnel with 345 episodes (40.6%), followed by resident doctors with 220 events (25.9%). The most frequent mechanism was needle pinch in 616 (72.6%), being the hands the anatomical site most commonly affected in 677 cases (79.8%). The areas most affected were: Emergency with 109 events (12.8%), Pediatric Intensive Care Unit with 96 (11.3%), and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with 80 (9.4%), being in the matutinal turn the greater number of accidents, 507 events (59.7%). The standard precautions made by the injured personnel were: use of gloves 488 (57.5%); hand washing 404 (47.6%), use of mouth covers 304 (35.8%), use of gown 253 (29.8%), use of lenses 134 (15.8%), none 144 (16.9%). Concerning to the background of vaccine administration against hepatitis B, only 445 (52.4%) had been applied at least one dose and 403 (47.5%) none. Conclusions. The occupational

José Juan, Morales-Aguirre.

382

A Comparative Analysis of the Frequency and Function of If-clauses in Applied Linguistics and Chemistry Articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the differences and similarities between form and function of if-clauses as one type of conditional clauses within the applied linguistics and chemistry published academic Articles. These articles were examined and after determining the frequency of if-clauses, they were analyzed based on the model proposed by Sweetser (1990. According to the findings, if-clauses were more frequent in applied linguistics than chemistry articles. Results of function analysis indicated that, content is the major function in both applied and chemistry articles and comparing two genres, it is more frequent in applied linguistics articles. Next function in the line is epistemic, and it is again more frequent in applied linguistics articles and speech act was the last function that was more frequent in applied linguistics articles too. In addition, the verb forms of if-clauses were analyzed. Findings indicated that present + present pattern was the most predominant pattern across these two disciplines and it was more frequent in applied linguistics articles, therefore, there can be a relationship between verb pattern and function.

Akbar Hesabi

2013-01-01

383

Drafting force majeure clauses in natural gas purchase/sale contracts -- the practicalities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ly reflect the parties' intentions and expectations so that costly litigations might be avoided, or if litigation is unavoidable, to at least have the outcome of such litigation be more predictable. The focus of the discussion is on legal interpretation issues, forms of gas contract force majeure provisions- events and consequences, and standardization of force majeure provisions. It is recommended that the drafter of such clauses should always keep in mind the potential impact that the strict construction and commercial reasonability concepts may have on the words chosen. 22 refs

384

Representação mental e mudança terapêutica: uma contribuição da perspectiva psicanalítica da teoria das relações objetais Mental representation and therapeutic change: a contribution from the psychoanalytical approach of object relations theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Apesar do avanço das pesquisas em psicoterapia, estudos na abordagem psicanalítica ainda são escassos. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar e discutir a contribuição do conceito de representação mental como um constructo importante para fundamentar pesquisas na área psicanalítica baseadas na identificação dos elementos associados à mudança terapêutica. Inicialmente discutem-se conceitos e modelos teóricos psicanalíticos para posteriormente discutir a noção de representação mental em relação à mudança terapêutica, destacando-se a contribuição da teoria das relações objetais e do apego. Nesse sentido, apresenta-se o Inventário das Relações de Objeto, instrumento que avalia a qualidade das representações mentais, identificando mudanças ao longo da psicoterapia. Espera-se oferecer subsídios para o aprimoramento do trabalho clínico em psicoterapias e o desenvolvimento de pesquisas em psicanálise.In spite of the progress realized in psychotherapeutic research, studies in the psychoanalytical approach are still scarce. The objective of this article is to present and to discuss the contribution of the concept of mental representation as an important construct to substantiate psychoanalytic research based on the identification of the elements associated with therapeutic change. First, concepts and psychoanalytic models are presented and after that the notion of mental representation is specifically discussed in relation to therapeutic change, particularly the object relation theory. Thus, the Object Relation Inventory is presented, an instrument designed to assess the quality of mental representations, evaluating changes along psychotherapy. Elements to improve clinical work and the development of research in psychoanalysis are presented.

Denise Zanatta

2012-03-01

385

Bodies as Objects of Pedagogic Power Relations  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is based on a study titled "Enacting Feminisms in Academia", which engaged five feminist lecturers teaching English at five different multilingual universities in Southern Africa. The study explored: (1) the complexity of sociolinguistic and feminist identity construction in multilingual seascapes, and by extension (2) how feminist…

Perumal, Juliet Christine

2012-01-01

386

The clause 'provision for radioactive waste disposal' and its meaning in partial licenses of the Atomic Energy Law  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author regards the clause on the provision for radioactive waste management as being a restrictive part of the discretionary decision to be made with regard to the entire project. The effect of the clause is that only the specified mode and the actual state of the development and process of nuclear waste management are politically acceptable with a view to safety. In so far as these conditions are met, the use of the powers of discretion is prejudiced in granting subsequent licences. Unless these conditions are given, it is true that granting the operating licence is not impossible but left undecided. (HSCH)

387

Representação mental e mudança terapêutica: uma contribuição da perspectiva psicanalítica da teoria das relações objetais / Mental representation and therapeutic change: a contribution from the psychoanalytical approach of object relations theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Apesar do avanço das pesquisas em psicoterapia, estudos na abordagem psicanalítica ainda são escassos. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar e discutir a contribuição do conceito de representação mental como um constructo importante para fundamentar pesquisas na área psicanalítica baseadas na identif [...] icação dos elementos associados à mudança terapêutica. Inicialmente discutem-se conceitos e modelos teóricos psicanalíticos para posteriormente discutir a noção de representação mental em relação à mudança terapêutica, destacando-se a contribuição da teoria das relações objetais e do apego. Nesse sentido, apresenta-se o Inventário das Relações de Objeto, instrumento que avalia a qualidade das representações mentais, identificando mudanças ao longo da psicoterapia. Espera-se oferecer subsídios para o aprimoramento do trabalho clínico em psicoterapias e o desenvolvimento de pesquisas em psicanálise. Abstract in english In spite of the progress realized in psychotherapeutic research, studies in the psychoanalytical approach are still scarce. The objective of this article is to present and to discuss the contribution of the concept of mental representation as an important construct to substantiate psychoanalytic res [...] earch based on the identification of the elements associated with therapeutic change. First, concepts and psychoanalytic models are presented and after that the notion of mental representation is specifically discussed in relation to therapeutic change, particularly the object relation theory. Thus, the Object Relation Inventory is presented, an instrument designed to assess the quality of mental representations, evaluating changes along psychotherapy. Elements to improve clinical work and the development of research in psychoanalysis are presented.

Denise, Zanatta; Silvia Pereira da Cruz, Benetti.

2012-03-01

388

Representação mental e mudança terapêutica: uma contribuição da perspectiva psicanalítica da teoria das relações objetais / Mental representation and therapeutic change: a contribution from the psychoanalytical approach of object relations theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Apesar do avanço das pesquisas em psicoterapia, estudos na abordagem psicanalítica ainda são escassos. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar e discutir a contribuição do conceito de representação mental como um constructo importante para fundamentar pesquisas na área psicanalítica baseadas na identif [...] icação dos elementos associados à mudança terapêutica. Inicialmente discutem-se conceitos e modelos teóricos psicanalíticos para posteriormente discutir a noção de representação mental em relação à mudança terapêutica, destacando-se a contribuição da teoria das relações objetais e do apego. Nesse sentido, apresenta-se o Inventário das Relações de Objeto, instrumento que avalia a qualidade das representações mentais, identificando mudanças ao longo da psicoterapia. Espera-se oferecer subsídios para o aprimoramento do trabalho clínico em psicoterapias e o desenvolvimento de pesquisas em psicanálise. Abstract in english In spite of the progress realized in psychotherapeutic research, studies in the psychoanalytical approach are still scarce. The objective of this article is to present and to discuss the contribution of the concept of mental representation as an important construct to substantiate psychoanalytic res [...] earch based on the identification of the elements associated with therapeutic change. First, concepts and psychoanalytic models are presented and after that the notion of mental representation is specifically discussed in relation to therapeutic change, particularly the object relation theory. Thus, the Object Relation Inventory is presented, an instrument designed to assess the quality of mental representations, evaluating changes along psychotherapy. Elements to improve clinical work and the development of research in psychoanalysis are presented.

Denise, Zanatta; Silvia Pereira da Cruz, Benetti.

389

Objects as Tools for Talk  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This chapter deals with the touching, grasping, moving and handling of relatively small physical objects within spates of talk-in-interaction. We are interested in the organisation of such actions and the distribution of the objects amongst interactants in their unfolding activities, specifically in relation to how interactants, analogously, organise and distribute their turns at talk. Unlike previous work, we attend less to objects as referred-to objects or as components of topic development. Instead, our focus is on objects as transactional in the ways in which they support fundamental infrastructure of interaction, namely that turns at talk and objects are taken or possessed in some sense and this is signalled and collaboratively organised by participants.

Day, Dennis; Wagner, Johannes

2014-01-01

390

Learning Object Repositories  

Science.gov (United States)

This chapter looks at the development and nature of learning objects, meta-tagging standards and taxonomies, learning object repositories, learning object repository characteristics, and types of learning object repositories, with type examples. (Contains 1 table.)

Lehman, Rosemary

2007-01-01

391

A Functional Object Database Language  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The language BCOOL is formally defined using a denotational semantics approach. BCOOL is a functional object database language with a very flexible, yet strong and statically checked, type system. Its main source of flexibility is its support for object evolution, that is, dynamic type changes of existing objects. Originally, BCOOL was used as a formal basis for a more traditional (relational algebra-style) database language, COOL. In this paper, though, BCOOL is presented on its own. T...

Laasch, Christian; Scholl, Marc H.

1993-01-01

392

12 CFR Appendix C to Part 229 - Model Availability Policy Disclosures, Clauses, and Notices; Model Substitute Check Policy...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Reversal Notice Model Availability Policy...you on the first business day after...check ). Model Clauses C-6...checks. We can process nonlocal checks...until the fifth business day after the...locations. Model Notices C-12...the (number ) business day after...

2010-01-01

393

DVD anmeldelse - En Verden af Lyd og Musik : Claus Bang: Musikterapi for døve, hørehæmmede og multihandicappede børn og unge  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Anmeldelse af DVD-udgivelse af Claus Bang (2005): En Verden af Lyd og Musik. Musikterapi for døve, hørehæmmede og multihandicappede børn og unge. Al tale med undertekst eller tegnsprogstolkning. DVD-boks med 3 stk. dobbeltlag DVD beregnet til afspilning på PC. Udgivet af Musikterapi-foreningen En Verden af Lyd og Musik; produceret af Zenaria, Aalborg. Se også www.clausbang.com

Holck, Ulla

2006-01-01

394

48 CFR 227.7107-1 - Architectural designs and data clauses for architect-engineer or construction contracts.  

Science.gov (United States)

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection and in 227.7107-2, use the clause at 252.227-7022, Government Rights (Unlimited), in solicitations and contracts for architect-engineer services and for construction involving architect-engineer...

2010-10-01

395

Where Theory and Law Meet: Trends in Establishment Clause Jurisprudence in the US Federal Courts and Implications for Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, federal court opinions and writings of legal scholars, spanning 63 years of establishment clause jurisprudence in the US federal courts were analysed in an effort to determine dominant trends in judicial philosophy that are of significance to science educators. The study's findings suggest that the dominant legal theory…

King, Lance E.; Southerland, Sherry A.

2013-01-01

396

Modeling and simulation of condensed sulfur in catalytic beds of CLAUS process: rapid estimation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Claus process has been known and used in the industry for over 100 years. It involves thermal oxidation of hydrogen sulfide and its reaction with sulfur dioxide to form sulfur and water vapor. This process is equilibrium-limited and usually achieves efficiencies in the range of 94-97%, which have been regarded as acceptable in the past years. First bed operates at the temperature of 573 K, second and third beds operate at 523K and 473K. Outlet of each bed enters the condenser. Operating temperature of each condenser is about 413K which sulfur condenses in them. In this study catalytic bed process of sulfur recovery unit has been mathematically modeled and by MATLAB software simulated, and then output conditions of compounds has been calculated.

Reza Abedini

2010-12-01

397

A SIMPLE MOLAR FLOW MODELING AND SIMULATION OF CATALYTIC BEDS IN CLAUS PROCESS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Claus process has been known and used in the industry for over 100 years. It involves thermaloxidation of hydrogen sulfide and its reaction with sulfur dioxide to form sulfur and water vapor.This process is equilibrium-limited and usually achieves efficiencies in the range of 94-97%, whichhave been regarded as acceptable in the past years. First bed operates at the temperature of 573K, second and third beds operate at 523K and 473K. Outlet of each bed enters the condenser.Operating temperature of each condenser is about 413K which sulfur condenses in them. In thisstudy catalytic bed process of sulfur recovery unit has been mathematically modeled and byMATLAB software simulated, and then output conditions of compounds has been calculated.

M. Koolivand Salooki

2010-08-01

398

Designing institutions for global democracy: flexibility through escape clauses and sunset provisions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available How can advocates of global democracy grapple with the empirical conditions that constitute world politics? I argue that flexibility mechanisms—;commonly used to advance international cooperation—should be employed to make the institutional design project of global democracy more tractable. I highlight three specific reasons underpinning this claim. First, flexibility provisions make bargaining over different institutional designs more manageable. Second, heightened flexibility takes seriously potential concerns about path-dependent institutional development. Finally, deliberately shortening the time horizons of agents by employing flexibility provisions has cognitive benefits as it forces designers to focus specifically on issues of feasibility as well as desirability. I discuss a range of flexibility mechanisms and highlight the utility of sunset provisions and escape clauses. From this analysis, I build an argument for the usage of small-scale democratic experiments through which citizens (or their representatives have a say in global policy making.

Jonathan W. Kuyper

2013-12-01

399

Picturing Objects in Infancy  

Science.gov (United States)

Infants' transfer of information from pictures to objects was tested by familiarizing 9-month-olds (N = 31) with either a color or black-and-white photograph of an object and observing their preferential reaching for the real target object versus a distractor. One condition tested object recognition by keeping both objects visible, and the…

Shinskey, Jeanne L.; Jachens, Liza J.

2014-01-01

400

Object Location Experiment  

Science.gov (United States)

This is the entry page for the Object Location Experiment. The experiment begins with a description of the object location memory task that the participants will complete. Participants learn that they will study an array of objects for a designated period of time; the array of objects will then disappear; and then the array of objects will reappear, but some of the objects will have exchanged positions.

 
 
 
 
401

Objectivity Data Migration  

CERN Document Server

In this article we describe the migration of event data collected by the COMPASS and HARP experiments at CERN. Together these experiments have over 300TB of physics data stored in Objectivity/DB that had to be transferred to a new data management system by the end of Q1 2003 and Q2 2003 respectively. To achieve this, data needed to be processed with a rate close to 100MB/s, employing 14 tape drives and a cluster of 30 Linux servers. The new persistency solution to accommodate the data is built upon relational databases for metadata storage and standard "flat" files for the event data. The databases contain collections of 109 events and allow generic queries or direct navigational access to the data, preserving the original C++ user API. The central data repository at CERN is implemented using several Oracle9i servers on Linux and the CERN Mass Storage System CASTOR.

Nowak, M; Valassi, Andrea; Lubeck, M; Geppert, D; Geppert, Dirk

2003-01-01

402

Graspable objects shape number processing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The field of numerical cognition represents an interesting case for action-based theories of cognition, since number is a special kind of abstract concept. Several studies have shown that within the parietal lobes adjacent neural regions code numerical magnitude and grasping-related information. This anatomical proximity between brain areas involved in number and sensorimotor processes may account for interactions between numerical magnitude and action. In particular, recent studies has demonstrated a causal role of action perception on numerical magnitude processing. If objects are represented in terms of actions (affordances, the causal role of action on number processing should extend to the case of objects affordances. This study investigates the relationship between numbers and objects affordances in two experiments, without (Experiment 1 or with (Experiment 2 a motor action execution (i.e., participants were asked to hold an object in their hands during the task. The task consisted in repeating aloud the odd or even digit within a pair depending on the type of the preceding or following object. Order of presentation (object-number vs. number-object, object type (graspable vs. ungraspable, object size (small vs. large, and Numerical magnitude (small vs. large were manipulated for each experiment. Experiment 1 showed a facilitation – in terms of quicker responses - for graspable over ungraspable objects preceded by numbers, and an effect of numerical magnitude after the presentation of graspable objects. Experiment 2 demonstrated that the action execution enhanced overall the sensitivity to numerical magnitude, however interfering with the effects of objects affordances on number processing. Overall, these findings demonstrate that numbers and graspable objects communicate with each other, supporting the view that abstract concepts may be grounded in motor experience.

MariagraziaRanzini

2011-12-01

403

Paradigms in object recognition  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A broad range of approaches has been proposed and applied for the complex and rather difficult task of object recognition that involves the determination of object characteristics and object classification into one of many a priori object types. Our paper revises briefly the three main different paradigms in pattern recognition, namely Bayesian statistics, neural networks, and expert systems. (author)

404

Automatic object recognition  

Science.gov (United States)

Geometric and intensity features are very useful in object recognition. An intensity feature is a measure of contrast between object pixels and background pixels. Geometric features provide shape and size information. A model based approach is presented for computing geometric features. Knowledge about objects and imaging system is used to estimate orientation of objects with respect to the line of sight.

Ranganath, H. S.; Mcingvale, Pat; Sage, Heinz

1988-01-01

405

Children and Objects: Affection and Infection  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper considers young children's (aged 3-5 years) relations with objects, and in particular objects that are brought from home to school. We begin by considering the place of objects within early years classrooms and their relationship to children's education before considering why some objects are often separated from their owners on entry…

Jones, Liz; MacLure, Maggie; Holmes, Rachel; MacRae, Christina

2012-01-01

406

The intelligibility objection against underdetermination  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available One of the objections against the thesis of underdetermination of theories by observations is that it is unintelligible. Any two empirically equivalent theories — so the argument goes—are in principle intertranslatable, hence cannot count as rivals in any non-trivial sense. Against that objection, this paper shows that empirically equivalent theories may contain theoretical sentences that are not intertranslatable. Examples are drawn from a related discussion about incommensurability that shows that theoretical non-intertranslatability is possible.

Rogério Passos Severo

2012-04-01

407

ASPECTUAL INFLUENCE ON TEMPORAL RELATIONS: A CASE STUDY OF THE EXPERIENTIAL GUO IN MANDARINE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines how the temporal relation between a clause containing the experiential guo and an adjacent clause is determined. Mandarin is a language not morphologically marked for tenses (e.g., Lin 2006, and therefore, tenses cannot help in determining temporal relations in Mandarin. However, Mandarin has a rich aspectual system. This paper argues that the experiential guo indirectly influences temporal relations via rhetorical relations by either specifying a default rhetorical relation, or by constraining the circumstances under which a certain rhetorical relation can connect a clause with guo to an adjacent clause. This paper also argues that the default rhetorical relation and the constraints are determined by the aspectual properties of the experiential marker. Other information, such as discourse connectors, lexical information, etc., can override the default rhetorical relation indicated by guo and specifies a rhetorical relation. Therefore, this paper concludes that in Mandarin aspect markers can indirectly affect temporal relations by means of rhetorical relations, a result consistent with Wu’s (2005b paper on the perfective marker le in Mandarin, and Wu’s (2007b, 2004 work on the progressive marker zai and the durative marker zhe.

Jiun-Shiung Wu

2009-12-01

408

Use of Management by Objectives for Evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of Management by Objectives (MBO) for evaluating the public relations, publications, internal and external relations, alumni relations, development, and special events programs of the University of Georgia is discussed. (Author/SF)

Elam, Donald

1978-01-01

409

Analysis of flexibility clauses to adapt work time to demand in the automotive industry in continental Europe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to describe and analyse the use of flexibility clauses instead of overtime to adapt work time to demand in the automotive industry in continental Europe. Flexibility to adapt to demand has become critical in the automobile manufacturing industry. Variability of the number of hours worked by existing staff is an indispensable component of manufacturing flexibility. Outside continental Europe, work time flexibility is obtains basically by using overtime. In continental Europe, t...

Olivella Nadal, Jordi

2006-01-01

410

Sulfur Recovery from Acid Gas Using the Claus Process and High Temperature Air Combustion (HiTAC Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Sulfur-bearing compounds are very detrimental to the environment and to industrial process equipment. They are often obtained or formed as a by-product of separation and thermal processing of fuels containing sulfur, such as coal, crude oil and natural gas. The two sulfur compounds, which need special attention, are: hydrogen sulfide (H2S and sulfur dioxide (SO2. H2S is a highly corrosive gas with a foul smell. SO2 is a toxic gas responsible for acid rain formation and equipment corrosion. Various methods of reducing pollutants containing sulfur are described in this paper, with a focus on the modified Claus process, enhanced by the use of High Temperature Air Combustion (HiTAC technology in the Claus furnace. The Claus process has been known and used in the industry for over 100 years. It involves thermal oxidation of hydrogen sulfide and its reaction with sulfur dioxide to form sulfur and water vapor. This process is equilibrium-limited and usually achieves efficiencies in the range of 94-97%, which have been regarded as acceptable in the past years. Nowadays strict air pollution regulations regarding hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide emissions call for nearly 100% efficiency, which can only be achieved with process modifications. High temperature air combustion technology or otherwise called flameless (or colorless combustion is proposed here for application in Claus furnaces, especially those employing lean acid gas streams, which cannot be burned without the use of auxiliary fuel or oxygen enrichment under standard conditions. With the use of HiTAC it has been shown, however, that fuel-lean, Low Calorific Value (LCV fuels can be burned with very uniform thermal fields without the need for fuel enrichment or oxygen addition. The uniform temperature distribution favors clean and efficient burning with an additional advantage of significant reduction of NOx, CO and hydrocarbon emission.

Mohamed Sassi

2008-01-01

411

The Acquisition of Neg-V and V-Neg Order in Embedded Clauses in Swedish: A Microparametric Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the acquisition of embedded verb placement in Swedish children, focusing on Neg-V and V-Neg order. It is proposed that a principle of economy of movement creates an overuse of V-Neg order in embedded clauses and that the low frequency of the target-consistent Neg-V order in child-directed speech obstructs children from…

Waldmann, Christian

2014-01-01

412

The subjective experience of object recognition: comparing metacognition for object detection and object categorization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perceptual decisions seem to be made automatically and almost instantly. Constructing a unitary subjective conscious experience takes more time. For example, when trying to avoid a collision with a car on a foggy road you brake or steer away in a reflex, before realizing you were in a near accident. This subjective aspect of object recognition has been given little attention. We used metacognition (assessed with confidence ratings) to measure subjective experience during object detection and object categorization for degraded and masked objects, while objective performance was matched. Metacognition was equal for degraded and masked objects, but categorization led to higher metacognition than did detection. This effect turned out to be driven by a difference in metacognition for correct rejection trials, which seemed to be caused by an asymmetry of the distractor stimulus: It does not contain object-related information in the detection task, whereas it does contain such information in the categorization task. Strikingly, this asymmetry selectively impacted metacognitive ability when objective performance was matched. This finding reveals a fundamental difference in how humans reflect versus act on information: When matching the amount of information required to perform two tasks at some objective level of accuracy (acting), metacognitive ability (reflecting) is still better in tasks that rely on positive evidence (categorization) than in tasks that rely more strongly on an absence of evidence (detection). PMID:24554231

Meuwese, Julia D I; van Loon, Anouk M; Lamme, Victor A F; Fahrenfort, Johannes J

2014-05-01

413

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  

Science.gov (United States)

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Goals & Objectives Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Northwest Native American

414

What captivates the subject? : an investigation of the concepts 'object' and 'identification' in the works of Lacan with a view to establishing approaches for the analysis of relations of power and structures of authority  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

What can Jacques Lacan tell us about relations of power and figures of authority? – That is the guiding question of "What Captivates the Subject?" The dissertation answers this question by providing a close study of Lacanian texts and seminars from 1953 to 1973, seeking to present not only the strong conceptual coherency of Lacan’s theory, but also its fundamental underpinnings in the work of Sigmund Freud. The dissertation thus attempts to pave the way for a renewed engagement between Lacanian theory and social theory in general. This engagement has already proven exceptionally fruitful in recent years, where research emerging from Slovenia has been developing a new Lacanian approach to the analysis of a wide range of social products and political affairs. The dissertation follows in the wake of this new movement but pursues its own line of reasoning in so far as it undertakes to account for two concepts central to the technical psychoanalytical vocabulary: identification and the object. Identifications and the relation to libidinal objects were acknowledged by Freud as the most fundamental mechanisms in the social life of any human being, just as he regarded them as fundamental to the establishment and maintenance of power structures, not least within the psychoanalytic clinic itself. Yet his accounts of the concepts remain blurry and tentative throughout his career, and it took a Lacan to finally build a rigorous theoretical framework around these concepts. Throughout the dissertation, close readings of Lacan are followed by short interventions into questions of social or political theory, so that the potential of Lacan’s theory for clarifying issues or bringing to light novel perspectives is demonstrated. For instance, not only can Lacan tell us about the inherent paradoxes of authority and power in a classroom, he can also tell us why the most powerful figure of authority may be the one who shows clear signs of weakness, or why the most unshakeable way of identifying with a framework of social values is by identifying while maintaining a distance to it.

Porsgaard, Kasper

2013-01-01

415

Managed Objects for Infrastructure Data  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Using data objects to describe features in the real world is a new idea and several approaches have already been shown to match scientific paradigms exceedingly well. Depending on the required level of abstraction, it is possible to represent the world more or less close to reality. In the realm of 3D Geoinformation research, this realism is often related to the way the spatial world is represented. By contrast, the 2D GIS community focuses on attribute data that describes additional states or characteristics of a feature. The main focus in 3D Geoinformation has always been on the representation of spatial objects, on relations like topology, ontology, and on storing and presenting them with more or less detail. The Centre for 3D Geoinformation (3DGI) at Aalborg University is currently participating in a project that explores objects that will not only contain geometry and associated attributive data but also will contain behavioural information. Our goal is to communicate the design and handling of these enhanced objects by means of the concept introduced in Java whereby objects are created in bytecode and subsequently executed within a Java virtual machine. This concept has already been implemented in the GRIFINOR platform. This article will present the core ideas of relevance to this concept as it relates to current understanding of objects. Our work also offers suggestions on how to implemented such algorithms using real-life infrastructure data. Furthermore, we elaborate on the posibillities and challenges associated with moving from mostly static objects to dynamic objects in the area of 3D geoinformation.

Kjems, Erik; Bodum, Lars

2009-01-01

416

Using definite clause grammars to build a global system for analyzing collections of documents  

Science.gov (United States)

Collections of documents are sets of heterogeneous documents, like a specific ancient book series, having proper structural and semantic properties linking them. A particular collection contains document images with specific physical layouts, like text pages or full-page illustrations, appearing in a specific order. Its contents, like journal articles, may be shared by several pages, not necessary following, producing strong dependencies between pages interpretations. In order to build an analysis system which can bring contextual information from the collection to the appropriate recognition modules for each page, we propose to express the structural and the semantic properties of a collection with a definite clause grammar. This is made possible by representing collections as streams of document images, and by using extensions to the formalism we present here. We are then able to automatically generate a parser dedicated to a collection. Beside allowing structural variations and complex information flows, we also show that this approach enables the design of analysis stages, on a document or a set of documents. The interest of context usage is illustrated with several examples and their appropriate formalization in this framework.

Chazalon, Joseph; Coüasnon, Bertrand

2010-01-01

417

Learning Objects and Gerontology  

Science.gov (United States)

Virtual AGE (vAGE) is an asynchronous educational environment that utilizes learning objects focused on gerontology and a learning anytime/anywhere philosophy. This paper discusses the benefits of asynchronous instruction and the process of creating learning objects. Learning objects are "small, reusable chunks of instructional media" Wiley…

Weinreich, Donna M.; Tompkins, Catherine J.

2006-01-01

418

Deductive Object Programming  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We propose some slight additions to O-O languages to implement the necessary features for using Deductive Object Programming (DOP). This way of programming based upon the manipulation of the Production Tree of the Objects of Interest, result in making Persistent these Objects and in sensibly lowering the code complexity.

Colonna, Francois

2006-01-01

419

Shared Recoverable Objects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This document describes an implementation of recoverable objects that can be accessed concurrently. After a brief description of the possible uses of recoverable objects and after reviewing some of the new features of Ada 95 used in the implementation, the design issues are discussed and the interface of the recoverable object class is presented. An example application using multitasking demonstrates its applicability.

Kienzle, Jo?rg; Strohmeier, Alfred; Harbour, Michael Gonzalez; La Puente, Juan A.

1999-01-01

420

Object Recognition by Neural Networks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two model-based object recognition techniques using neural networks are introduced in this thesis for invariant two dimensional object recognition. The first technique formulates the object recognition as a graph matching process in which the nodes represent feature points and the arcs represent relations between feature points. The process is then mapped to an energy minimization problem which is implemented by a Hopfield neural network. A new global technique is proposed to match all the objects in the input scene against all the object models in the model-database at the same time. A locating process including coordinate transformation, coordinate parameter clustering and averaging follows the matching process. This algorithm can identify and locate an object in any position and orientation. The test scenes could consist of an isolated object or several partially overlapping objects. The performance of the proposed technique is compared with that of a relaxation technique. In the second technique, object recognition is formulated as a clustering process in the feature space of objects. A neural network of cascaded Restricted Coulomb Energy (RCE) nets is constructed for object recognition. The new idea involves a number of RCE nets cascaded together to form a classifier where the overlapping decision regions in a previously learned network are solved by the next network. Similarities among objects which have complex decision boundaries in the feature space are resolved by this multi-nets approach. Referring to the ability of the system to recognize correctly a new pattern even when the number of learning exemplars is small, the generalization ability of a RCE net recognition system is increased by the proposed coarse-to-fine learning strategy. A new feature extraction technique is proposed here to map the geometrical shape information of an object into an ordered feature vector of fixed length which is the required form for input to this neural network. The proposed techniques are invariant to object changes, such as positional shift, rotation, scaling, illumination variance, variation of camera set up, perspective distortion, and noise distortion. Experimental results for the recognition of several objects are also presented. A correct recognition rate of 100% was achieved on both the training and the testing input patterns in this second approach.

Li, Wei

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Detecting a Moving Object  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Object tracking in video aims at detecting the appearances of an object and also the position of a moving object in a video sequence. Complex and dynamic scenes in video and television broadcasting have been a challenge for computerization of both in terms of storage and interaction. Scenes can be complex wherein there are many cluttered objects with different sizes, shapes, colors and can be dynamic with multiple interacting moving objects in a constantly changing background. Examples of such videos abound in applications like sports, air traffic, car traffic and cloud transformations etc.

Archana Sidhanti

2013-02-01

422

Words without Objects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resolution of the pro