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1

Sports-related concussion: A narrative review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Sports-related concussion has gained widespread interest and media attention in recent years due to the potential dangers and long-term consequences. Despite several international consensus statements there remains a great deal of uncertainty surrounding these injuries. This paper is a review of recent literature on the topic of concussion, consisting of: biomechanics, pathophysiology, diagnosis and sideline management.

Marshall, Cameron M.

2012-01-01

2

Diabetes mellitus and Ramadan. A narrative review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background: The medical ramification of fasting among patients with diabetes is largely unknown; the purpose of the review is to find out how diabetes mellitus is managed during the month of Ramadan.

Methods: Literature published on diabetes management during the month of Ramadan in the Middle-East are aimed at getting a global picture of this condition at a time when diabetes is having an adverse effect on health care delivery. I hope the review will be a useful and comprehensive source on the subject (diabetes mellitus for researchers, academics and clinicians who care for the increasing number of diabetic patients and help health care providers curb the tide of the diabetes epidemic. The search includes available articles published, by using the keywords “Diabetes Mellitus”, “Ramadan” and “fasting” covering epidemiology, clinical, management and complication profile.

Results: Studies have shown that fasting among diabetic patients carries the potential risk of dangerous hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia, diabetic ketoacidosis and thrombosis. The EPIDIAR study was the largest study where 50% of the whole sample changed their treatment and hypoglycemia was the only observed event. There are also few studies which evaluated specific management modalities.

Conclusion: It follows from this review that Ramadan fasting is acceptable for well balanced diabetic patients, conscious of their disease and compliant with their diet and drug intake. Patients willing to fast must be advised to undertake control of their glycaemia several times a day to prevent hypoglycemia risks during daytime fasting or hyperglycemia during the night.

Rajdeep Das

2011-09-01

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Lateral and syndesmotic ankle sprain injuries: a narrative literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective The purpose of this article is to review the literature that discusses normal anatomy and biomechanics of the foot and ankle, mechanisms that may result in a lateral ankle sprain or syndesmotic sprain, and assessment and diagnostic procedures, and to present a treatment algorithm based on normal ligament healing principles. Methods Literature was searched for years 2000 to 2010 in PubMed and CINAHL. Key search terms were ankle sprain$, ankle injury and ankle injuries, inversion injury, proprioception, rehabilitation, physical therapy, anterior talofibular ligament, syndesmosis, syndesmotic injury, and ligament healing. Discussion Most ankle sprains respond favorably to nonsurgical treatment, such as those offered by physical therapists, doctors of chiropractic, and rehabilitation specialists. A comprehensive history and examination aid in diagnosing the severity and type of ankle sprain. Based on the diagnosis and an understanding of ligament healing properties, a progressive treatment regimen can be developed. During the acute inflammatory phase, the goal of care is to reduce inflammation and pain and to protect the ligament from further injury. During the reparative and remodeling phase, the goal is to progress the rehabilitation appropriately to facilitate healing and restore the mechanical strength and proprioception. Radiographic imaging techniques may need to be used to rule out fractures, complete ligament tears, or instability of the ankle mortise. A period of immobilization and ambulating with crutches in a nonweightbearing gait may be necessary to allow for proper ligament healing before commencing a more active treatment approach. Surgery should be considered in the case of grade 3 syndesmotic sprain injuries or those ankle sprains that are recalcitrant to conservative care. Conclusion An accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment can minimize an athlete's time lost from sport and prevent future reinjury. Most ankle sprains can be successfully managed using a nonsurgical approach.

Dubin, Joshua C.; Comeau, Doug; McClelland, Rebecca I.; Dubin, Rachel A.; Ferrel, Ernest

2011-01-01

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The current evidence base for the clinical nurse leader: a narrative review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical nurse leader (CNL) is a relatively new nursing role, introduced in 2003 through the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). A narrative review of the extant CNL literature was conducted with the aim of comprehensively summarizing the broad and methodologically diverse CNL evidence base. The review included 25 implementation reports, 1 CNL job analysis, 7 qualitative and/or survey studies, and 3 quantitative studies. All CNL implementation reports and studies described improved care quality outcomes after introduction of the role into a care delivery microsystem. Despite preliminary evidence supporting the CNL as an innovative new nursing role capable of consistently improving care quality wherever it is implemented, CNLs are still struggling to define the role to themselves and to the health care spectrum at large. Although the AACN CNL White Paper provides a concise model for CNL educational curriculum and end competencies, there is a compelling need for further research to substantively delineate the CNL role in practice, define care delivery structures and processes that influence CNL integration, and develop indicators capable of capturing CNL-specific contributions to improved care quality. PMID:24720939

Bender, Miriam

2014-01-01

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Bereavement care in primary care: a systematic literature review and narrative synthesis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Over half a million people die in Britain each year and, on average, a GP will have 20 patients die annually. Bereavement is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, but the research evidence on which GPs and district nurses can base their practice is limited. Aim To review the existing literature concerning how GPs and district nurses think they should care for patients who are bereaved and how they do care for them. Design Systematic literature review. Method Searches of AMED, BNI, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline and PsychInfo databases were undertaken, with citation searches of key papers and hand searches of two journals. Inclusion criteria were studies containing empirical data relating to adult bereavement care provided by GPs and district nurses. Information from data extraction forms were analysed using NVivo software, with a narrative synthesis of emergent themes. Results Eleven papers relating to GPs and two relating to district nurses were included. Both groups viewed bereavement care as an important and satisfying part of their work, for which they had received little training. They were anxious not to ‘medicalise’ normal grief. Home visits, telephone consultations, and condolence letters were all used in their support of bereaved people. Conclusion A small number of studies were identified, most of which were >10 years old, from single GP practices, or small in size and of limited quality. Although GPs and district nurses stated a preference to care for those who were bereaved in a proactive fashion, little is known of the extent to which this takes place in current practice, or the content of such care.

Nagraj, Shobhana; Barclay, Stephen

2010-01-01

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Undesirable features of the medical learning environment: a narrative review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this narrative review of the literature is to draw attention to four undesirable features of the medical learning environment (MLE). First, students' fears of personal inadequacy and making errors are enhanced rather than alleviated by the hidden curriculum of the clinical teaching setting; second, the MLE projects a denial of uncertainty, although to a lesser degree than in the past; third, many students feel publicly belittled and subject to other forms of abuse; and fourth, the MLE fails in overcoming students' prejudice against mental illness and reluctance to seek help when emotionally distressed. The variability of students' appreciation of the MLE across medical schools, as well as across clinical departments within medical schools, suggests that the unwanted aspects of the MLE are modifiable. Indeed, there have been calls to promote a "nurturing" MLE, in which medical students are treated as junior colleagues. It stands to reason that faculty cannot humiliate medical students and still expect them to respect patients, just as it is impossible to ignore students' distress, and still teach them to empathize with patients. Hopefully, an egalitarian attitude to students will make them also realize that they are not alone in their fears, and that their instructors share their doubts. Therefore, a major challenge of contemporary medical education is to advance a clinical MLE, where errors and uncertainties are acknowledged rather than denied, and trainees are trusted and supported, rather than judged and, occasionally, derided. PMID:22760724

Benbassat, Jochanan

2013-08-01

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The (mis)Measurement of M&A Performance : A Systematic Narrative Literature Review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper seeks to further the understanding of the variety of meanings M&A scholars attach to the label â??M&A performanceâ? by providing an alternative way to interpret the claimed inconsistency of M&A research findings. While many scholars contend that the problem stems from the multiplicity of M&A performance measures, we believe the problem rests in trying to compare different measures as if they were measuring the same feature of the organization. Through our narrative review of empirical research we analyze factors shaping the M&A â?? as well as the organizational â?? performance measurement process. The conclusion is that it is not possible to talk about M&A performance as if it was a universal construct.

Meglio, Olimpia; Risberg, Annette

2011-01-01

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A narrative literature review of the development of obesity in infancy and childhood.  

Science.gov (United States)

This narrative review explains the development of excess weight gain in babies and children. It takes a life course approach which includes genetics, pre-conception, pregnancy, infancy and childhood. The paper focuses on feeding behaviours, physical activity, parental influences and the wider social and environmental context. Risk factors which can cumulatively lead to excess childhood weight gain include: under- or overweight during pregnancy; the presence of diabetes during pregnancy; low or high birth weight; having obese parents; early weaning; prolonged formula feeding; rapid weight gain in the first year; disinhibited eating patterns and the consistent availability of energy dense food at home; feeding practices which are not responsive to the child's cues; insufficient sleep among preschool children; sedentary parents; low parental education; living in poor socio-economic circumstances; absence, or perceived absence, of safe play areas; parents who lack time or confidence to authoritatively parent; environments where there is poor access to affordable lower energy dense foods; and parents who do not accept that excess weight is a health problem. Recommendations for health professionals are made. PMID:22984168

Robinson, Sally; Yardy, Katie; Carter, Victoria

2012-12-01

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Sleep–wake disturbances in cancer patients: narrative review of literature focusing on improving quality of life outcomes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Suzanne S Dickerson, Laurie M Connors, Ameera Fayad, Grace E Dean School of Nursing, State University of New York, University at Buffalo, NY, USA Purpose: Evidence suggests a high prevalence of sleep–wake disturbances in patients with cancer, occurring at diagnosis, during treatment, and continuing to survivorship. Yet associations between sleep–wake disturbances and the impact on quality of life outcomes is less clear. The purpose of this narrative review of the literature is to evaluate sleep–wake disturbances in patients with cancer, to describe the influence of poor sleep on quality of life as an outcome, and to evaluate the evidence to recommend future interventions. Framework and methods: This review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA approach. Four databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase were searched using terms "cancer OR neoplasm", "sleep, sleep disturbance, sleep disorders or insomnia", and "quality of life"; the search included all years, English language, and peer-reviewed articles on research studies. Studies included measurements of sleep and quality of life in cancer patients at a minimum of two time points and demonstrated relationships between sleep and quality of life. Data were collected on date, patient demographics, cancer type and treatment, timeframe, design, measurement, variables, and results. Results: This narrative review demonstrates that sleep–wake disturbance is a major problem/symptom in patients with cancer. Of the 18 studies included, measurement of sleep-related variables included objective and subjective measures; however, direct measurement of the associations between sleep and quality of life was not common. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia and mind–body interventions demonstrated feasibility when implemented into cancer care settings. In addition, the majority of interventions exhibited moderate effectiveness in improving sleep–wake disturbance and quality of life outcomes. Conclusion: The studies predominantly reported that poor sleep negatively impacts quality of life. The intervention studies included nonpharmacologic interventions such as cognitive behavioral treatment and mind–body and exercise interventions with moderate-to-high levels of evidence for improvement in sleep measures and quality of life. Keywords: sleep–wake disturbance, quality of life, cancer, cognitive behavioral therapy, mind-body interventions, insomnia

Dickerson SS

2014-07-01

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Acute and chronic pain: a narrative review of the literature Dolor agudo y crónico: revisión narrativa de la literatura Dor aguda e crônica: revisão narrativa da literatura  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study objectives were to identify the organic, emotional and psychic prevalent consequences in patients with acute and chronic pain and punctuate the main assessment tools for these pains. A narrative review of the literature was conducted using descriptors related to pain measurement, signs and symptoms, totalizing 184 articles. The electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS were searched from January 2000 to December 2010. The review pointed out a series of conclusive studies about the org...

Ana Maria Calil Sallum; Dayse Maioli Garcia; Mariana Sanches

2012-01-01

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Review Essay: Narrative Anfechtungen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Die Untersuchung von Gegen-Narrativen ist ein vielversprechender, aber zugleich weitgehend vernachlässigter Ansatz in der Erzählforschung. Ich gehe in diesem Beitrag davon aus, dass das Konzept der Gegen-Narrative in der Lage ist, theoretisch und methodologisch kulturelle, politische und individuelle Inhalte von Narrationen mit deren Form in neuer Weise in Beziehung zu setzen. Hierzu diskutiere ich die einzelnen Artikel in "Considering Counter-Narratives: Narrating, Resisting, Making Sense" im Lichte der Frage, welchen Beitrag sie zur Identifizierung und zur theoretischen Situierung von Haupt- und Gegen-Narrativen leisten. Zugleich führe ich in das Buch ein, das ich als spannendes Forum vieler aktueller Debatten im Bereich qualitativer Forschung verstehe. Die im Buch präsentierte Debatte zwischen Beitragenden und deren Kommentator(innen zeigt alternative Strategien der Annäherung an und des Verständnisses von narrativem Material. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703346

Matti Hyvärinen

2007-09-01

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Combined immunodeficiency presenting with vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis: a case report and narrative review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neurologic abnormalities compatible with vaccine-related poliovirus infection (VAPP) may be a first presentation of some primary immunodeficient patients. The risk of VAPP rises from 1 case per 750?000 in normal population to 1 per 7000 times higher, particularly for persons with agammaglobulinemia and hypogammaglobulinemia. However, there is no appropriate estimation for VAPP occurrence in patients with cellular immunity defects. Herein we report a case of combined immunodeficiency with paralytic complication due to oral polio vaccine and we present a literature review on this topic. PMID:24294834

Shaghaghi, Mohammadreza; Parvaneh, Nima; Ostad-Rahimi, Pouya; Fathi, Seyed Mohammad; Shahmahmoodi, Shohreh; Abolhassani, Hassan; Aghamohammadi, Asghar

2014-01-01

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Literature Reviews  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary purpose of a literature review is to assist readers in understanding the whole body of available research on a topic, informing readers on the strengths and weaknesses of studies within that body. It is defined by its guiding concept or topical focus: an account of what was previously published on a specific topic. This prevents…

Rhoades, Ellen A.

2011-01-01

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Review of Narrative Therapy: Research and Utility.  

Science.gov (United States)

Narrative therapy has captured the attention of many in the family counseling field. Despite the apparent appeal of narrative therapy as a therapeutic modality, research on its effectiveness is in its infancy. This article will review current research on narrative therapy and discuss why a broader research base has yet to be developed. Suggestions…

Etchison, Mary; Kleist, David M.

2000-01-01

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Acute and chronic pain: a narrative review of the literature / Dor aguda e crônica: revisão narrativa da literatura / Dolor agudo y crónico: revisión narrativa de la literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os objetivos do estudo foram identificar as repercussões orgânicas, emocionais e psíquicas prevalentes em pacientes com dor aguda e dor crônica e pontuar os principais instrumentos de avaliação para essas dores. Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura, utilizando-se descritores relacionado [...] s a medição da dor, cuidados de enfermagem, sinais e sintomas, totalizando 184 artigos. As bases eletrônicas pesquisadas foram LILACS e MEDLINE, entre janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2010. Esta revisão pontuou uma série de estudos conclusivos sobre as repercussões orgânicas mais freqüentes nos quadros álgicos agudos e crônicos e o uso de escalas de avaliação distintas para ambas as situações. Acredita-se que esses achados possam ser de grande valia para as equipes de saúde, contribua com melhores práticas e satisfação do cliente nos cenários intra hospitalar e domiciliário. Abstract in spanish Los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar las repercusiones orgánicas, emocionales y psíquicas prevalentes en pacientes con dolor agudo y dolor crónico y puntuar los principales instrumentos de evaluación para esos dolores. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura, utilizándose descript [...] ores relacionados a la medición del dolor, cuidados de enfermería, signos y síntomas, en un total de 184 artículos. Las bases electrónicas investigadas fueron LILACS y MEDLINE, entre enero de 2000 a diciembre de 2010. Esta revisión puntuó una serie de estudios conclusivos sobre las repercusiones orgánicas más frecuentes en los cuadros álgicos agudos y crónicos y el uso de escalas de evaluación distintas para ambas situaciones. Se cree que esos hallazgos podrán ser de gran valía para los equipos de salud y que contribuya con mejores prácticas y satisfacción del cliente en los escenarios intra hospitalario y domiciliario. Abstract in english The study objectives were to identify the organic, emotional and psychic prevalent consequences in patients with acute and chronic pain and punctuate the main assessment tools for these pains. A narrative review of the literature was conducted using descriptors related to pain measurement, signs and [...] symptoms, totalizing 184 articles. The electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS were searched from January 2000 to December 2010. The review pointed out a series of conclusive studies about the organic repercussions more frequent in acute and chronic pain conditions and the use of different rating scales for both situations. It is believed that these findings could be of great values for health teams, could contribute with a better practice and with customer satisfaction in the hospital scenario and at home.

Sallum, Ana Maria Calil; Garcia, Dayse Maioli; Sanches, Mariana.

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The critical use of narrative and literature in gerontology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is now widely accepted that ‘‘age’’ and ‘‘ageing’’ are cultural concepts that are open to question. The thinking encouraged by critical gerontology has been crucially important in provoking questions about the complexities of later life, age and ageing. Similarly, the interrogation of stories of age and ageing via narrative approaches and as found in literature are increasingly recognised as an important source of knowledge for mining the intricacies of later life. There are close links between the interests of critical gerontologists and those who engage in narrative and literary gerontology. However, the potential that critical gerontology has for illuminating and probing these stories of age has often been neglected. The central argument of this article is that narrative and literary approaches to age and ageing when allied to perspectives from critical gerontology can furnish scholars with important perspectives for interpreting and re-configuring ‘‘age’’. The focus is upon how a genuinely dialogic relationship between critical gerontology and narrative and literary gerontology can be forged. In this way, the full potential of these stories of ageing; their epistemological status for enriching theoretical work on ageing, might be better exploited.

Hannah Zeilig

2012-03-01

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Review of Biblical Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Published in both print and electronic formats by the Society of Biblical Literature, the Review of Biblical Literature (RBL) is a "review of monographic literature in the field of biblical and related studies as well as reference works, commentaries, dictionaries, and biblical translations." This site hosts a database of over 400 reviews from 1996 to 1998. Users can browse by year, subject, author, or title. The database is also searchable by author, title, subject, reviewer, and keyword. Unlike most sites parallelling print publications, the review database appears to be current with the print version, with new reviews added on a regular basis. Additional resources include a Books Received Database and Instructions for Contributors.

18

Elementary Science Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents a literature review of elementary science and design technology education research. The review is intended to provide direction to the elementary science working groups charged with the responsibility to revise the "Alberta Elementary Science Program" (1996) by reflecting current ideas reported in research literature. The…

Gustafson, Brenda; MacDonald, Dougal; d'Entremont, Yvette

2007-01-01

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Review Essay: Narrative Anfechtungen Review Essay: Narrative Contestations Ensayo: Controversias narrativas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Die Untersuchung von Gegen-Narrativen ist ein vielversprechender, aber zugleich weitgehend vernachlässigter Ansatz in der Erzählforschung. Ich gehe in diesem Beitrag davon aus, dass das Konzept der Gegen-Narrative in der Lage ist, theoretisch und methodologisch kulturelle, politische und individuelle Inhalte von Narrationen mit deren Form in neuer Weise in Beziehung zu setzen. Hierzu diskutiere ich die einzelnen Artikel in "Considering Counter-Narratives: Narrating, Resisting, Making Sense" im Lichte der Frage, welchen Beitrag sie zur Identifizierung und zur theoretischen Situierung von Haupt- und Gegen-Narrativen leisten. Zugleich führe ich in das Buch ein, das ich als spannendes Forum vieler aktueller Debatten im Bereich qualitativer Forschung verstehe. Die im Buch präsentierte Debatte zwischen Beitragenden und deren Kommentator(innen zeigt alternative Strategien der Annäherung an und des Verständnisses von narrativem Material. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703346The study of counter-narratives is a promising, yet largely neglected approach to narrative studies. This review draws on the idea that counter-narrativity might theoretically and methodologically connect the cultural, political and personal contents of narratives with the forms of narration in new ways. The anthology is discussed from the perspective of how each article contributes to identifying and theorizing both master and counter-narratives. At the same time, the book is introduced as an interesting forum for many current debates in qualitative research. The ongoing debate between contributors and discussants displays alternative strategies in reading narrative materials. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703346Pese a haber sido un enfoque ampliamente descuidado en los estudios narrativos, el estudio de las contra-narrativas es prometedor. Esta reseña recurre a la idea de que la contra-narrativa puede conectar teórica y metodológicamente los contenidos culturales, políticos y personales de las narrativas con formas novedosas de narrar de modos diversos. Se discute la antología desde la perspectiva de como cada artículo contribuye a identificar y teorizar la contra-narrativa y la narrativa dominante. Al mismo tiempo, el libro se presenta como un foro de debate para muchas de las actuales controversias sobre la investigación cualitativa. El debate entre los participantes ofrece estrategias alternativas para la lectura de materiales narrativos. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0703346

Matti Hyvärinen

2007-09-01

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Historia, literatura y narración / History, Literature, and Narration  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La filosofía de la historia arribó en la segunda mitad del siglo XX al reconocimiento del carácter irreductiblemente narrativo de la historia. Esto subrayó las diferencias de la historia con la ciencia y puso en primer plano sus afinidades con la literatura. En este artículo se propone un criterio p [...] ara distinguir historia y literatura sin desmedro del carácter narrativo de la primera y reconociendo que ambas están hondamente ancladas en las estructuras de la conciencia del tiempo. El desarrollo del texto tiene tres partes. En la primera, se reconstruye la argumentación de Danto en favor de la narratividad de la historia; en la segunda, se critica la posición de White en torno al problema de las fronteras entre historia y literatura; en la parte final, con ayuda de Gadamer y Koselleck, se muestra cómo la reconstrucción de hechos históricos y la exploración literaria de la condición humana son dos modalidades de una tarea más amplia relacionada con el estudio de las estructuras de la temporalidad. Abstract in english In the second half of the twentieth century, the philosophy of history came to recognize the irreducibly narrative character of history. This underlined the differences between history and science and highlighted its affinities with literature. This article suggests some criteria by which history ca [...] n be distinguished from literature without undermining the narrative character of the former and recognizing that both are deeply anchored in the structures of the consciousness of time. The text has three parts. The frst reconstructs Danto’s argument in favor of the narrative character of history. The second critiques White’s position regarding the problematic border between history and literature. With the assistance of Gadamer and Koselleck, the final section shows how the reconstruction of historical facts and the literary exploration of the human condition are two modalities of a wider task related to the study of the structures of temporality.

Leonardo, Ordoñez Díaz.

 
 
 
 
21

A Wikipedia Literature Review  

CERN Multimedia

This paper was originally designed as a literature review for a doctoral dissertation focusing on Wikipedia. This exposition gives the structure of Wikipedia and the latest trends in Wikipedia research.

Martin, Owen S

2011-01-01

22

Team Modelling: Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Increasingly, Canadian Forces operations require the use of highly complex teams that function in joint, interagency, and often distributed environments. This report is a literature review of scientific and military research pertaining to team performance...

B. D. Adams J. A. Sartori S. Waldherr

2006-01-01

23

Literature Review.docx  

Literature review Market Analysis of Green/Sustainable Procurement Opportunities in Public and Private Sectors in the South East of England Task Ref: Task 3.1 Market Analysis and Best Practice Review of opportunities for increased Green Public Procurement in the South East Project Ref: LIFE08 ENV/UK…

24

Literature Review.docx  

Literature review Market Analysis of Green/Sustainable Procurement Opportunities in Public and Private Sectors in the South East of England Task Ref: Task 3.1 Market Analysis and Best Practice Review of opportunities for increased Green Public Procurement in the South East Project Ref: LIFE08 ENV…

25

Music therapy in dementia : A narrative synthesis systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective Recent reviews on music therapy for people with dementia have been limited to attempting to evaluate whether it is effective, but there is a need for a critical assessment of the literature to provide insight into the possible mechanisms of actions of music therapy. This systematic review uses a narrative synthesis format to determine evidence for effectiveness and provide insight into a model of action. Method The narrative synthesis framework consists of four elements: (i) theory development; (ii) preliminary synthesis of findings; (iii) exploration of relationships between studies; and (iv) assessment of the robustness of the synthesis. Results Electronic and hand searches identified 263 potentially relevant studies. Eighteen studies met the full inclusion criteria. Three distinctive strands of investigations emerged: eight studies explored behavioural and psychological aspects, five studies investigated hormonal and physiological changes, and five studies focused on social and relational aspects of music therapy. The musical interventions in the studies were diverse, but singing featured as an important medium for change. Conclusions Evidence for short-term improvement in mood and reduction in behavioural disturbance was consistent, but there were no high-quality longitudinal studies that demonstrated long-term benefits of music therapy. Future music therapy studies need to define a theoretical model, include better-focused outcome measures, and discuss how the findings may improve the well-being of people with dementia.

McDermott, Orii; Crellin, Nadia

2013-01-01

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A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

27

Cocaine and thrombosis: a narrative systematic review of clinical and in-vivo studies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Purpose To systematically review the literature pertaining to the link between cocaine and either arterial or venous thrombosis. Procedures Narrative systematic review of Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Psycinfo and Cochrane databases supplemented by hand trawling of relevant journals and reference lists up to April 2007. In-vivo studies and those with clinical endpoints were included in the review. Results A total of 2458 abstracts led to 186 fu...

Mj, Wright Nat; Martin Matthew; Goff Tom; Morgan John; Elworthy Rebecca; Ghoneim Shariffe

2007-01-01

28

Literature review: sinus pericranii.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinus pericranii is a rare circumscribed fluctuating vascular swelling of the scalp that communicates with the intracranial venous system. It has been associated with other intracranial vascular malformations. The tumour is usually round, fluctuant, nonpulsatile, and disappears with compression. Its size increases during manoeuvers that increase the intracranial pressure. Approximately 100 cases were reported in the literature. The antecedents, different surgical procedures, differential diagnoses, and associated malformations were reviewed. PMID:7708140

Vinas, F C; Valenzuela, S; Zuleta, A

1994-12-01

29

Revisão sistemática: uma revisão narrativa Systematic review: a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre revisão sistemática. FONTE DOS DADOS: foi realizada busca no Cochrane Methodology Register, na Medline, na LILACS, no Google Scholar e na Cochrane Library, no período de 2000 a janeiro de 2007. Foram utilizados a busca manual das listas de referências e os contatos pessoais. SELEÇÃO DOS ESTUDOS: a estratégia de busca empregou, na Medline, as seguintes combinações dos termos MeSH: "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine"[MeSH] Limits: Publication Date from 2000 to 2007, Humans, Systematic Reviews. Na LILACS: (metanalise or "metanalise" [Descritor de assunto] and [ medicina baseada em evidências] or "medicina baseada em evidências" [Descritor de assunto]. No Cochrane Methodology Register e no Google Scholar: "revisão sistemática e metanálise" e "medicina baseada em evidências". Após uma revisão independente por dois revisores, dez artigos que se referiam ao objetivo proposto foram selecionados. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: os temas mencionados nos estudos foram agrupados em duas categorias: aqueles que se reportavam à história da revisão sistemática e aqueles que definiam Medicina Baseada em Evidência, revisão sistemática e metanálise. CONCLUSÃO: os autores concluem com a necessidade de mais discussões sobre revisão sistemática entre os cirurgiões.PURPOSE: Conduct a narrative review about systematic review. DATA SOURCE: We searched the Cochrane Methodology Register, MEDLINE, LILACS, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library (2000 to January 2007. We also handsearched reference lists, and used personal communications. SELECTION OF STUDIES: This was supplemented with a search strategy in Medline using the following combinations of MeSH-terms "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine" [MeSH] Limits:Publication Date from 2000 to 2007, Humans. Systematic Reviews. In LILACS: (metanalise or "METANALISE" [Descritor de assunto] and [medicina baseada em evidências] or "MEDICINA BASEADA EM EVIDÊNCIAS" [Descritor de assunto]. In The Cochrane Methodology Review Group and Google Scholar: "revisão sistemática e metanálise"; "medicina baseada em evidências". After independent review by two observers, ten articles that specifically addressed the stated purpose were selected. DATA SYNTHESIS: The subjects assessed in these studies were grouped into two categories, ie, those addressing the history of systematic review, and the definitions of Evidence-Based Medicine, Systematic Review, Narrative Review and Meta-Analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The authors find that further discussion on systematic review should be encouraged among surgeons.

Alexander Magno Cordeiro

2007-12-01

30

Lysimeter literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many reports have been published concerning the use of lysimeters to obtain data on the performance of buried radioactive waste. This document presents a review of some of those reports. This review includes lysimeter studies using radioactive waste forms at Savannah River Site, Hanford Site, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory; radionuclide tracer studies at Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment and Los Alamos National Laboratory; and water movement studies at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Beltsville, Maryland site, at the Hanford Site, and at New Mexico State University. The tests, results, and conclusions of each report are summarized, and conclusions concerning lysimeter technology are presented from an overall analysis of the literature. 38 refs., 44 figs., 9 tabs.

Rogers, R.D.; McConnell, J.W. Jr. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (US)

1993-08-01

31

Climate 2050 - Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The literature review aims at providing a relatively brief overview of the studies undertaken regarding large-scale emission reductions in the long term. The purpose of the review is to provide an indication the consequences of ambitious emission reduction targets as suggested by other studies and to help identify relevant assumptions, parameters etc. needed for scenarios analyses of this study. The approach to the literature review has been to focus attention on a number of issues with regard to: 1) The baseline emission scenario, i.e. the likely course of events in the absence of ambitious emission reduction targets and the corresponding policies and measures necessary to achieve the targets. 2) The reduction scenario in which policy action is undertaken to reduce emissions. For both the baseline and the reduction scenarios, a number of drivers determine the level of future emissions and the cost of reducing emissions. Different studies apply widely differing approaches to modelling the baseline, the reduction scenarios and the resulting abatement costs. Differences exist between models both with regard to the drivers that are included in the models and the modelling approach. Three types of studies were reviewed: 1) Key studies: These are comprehensive studies that provide significant information about emissions and abatement costs in several sectors and therefore both have the potential to provide input for the scenario analysis in this project. 2) Overview studies: A number of studies reviewing and comparing different studies have been made. These are sometimes carried out using a structured approach and labelled meta-studies. For the purpose of gaining quick access to a large number of scenario results, a selection of these overview studies have been included in the review. 3) Nordic studies: A few studies have been carried out in the Nordic countries with a focus on long-term climate mitigation, providing a useful opportunity to consider assumptions specific to the Nordic countries and in some cases more detailed country-specific information. Therefore two such studies have been reviewed. (ln)

2008-07-01

32

Conducting Systematic Review in Education: A Reflexive Narrative  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of systematic review as part of the evidence-based or evidence-informed practice movement is a dominant theme in current debates in educational research. This article contributes to the debate by offering a personal, reflexive narrative on the process of doing systematic review, relating some of the arguments regarding the merits…

Nind, Melanie

2006-01-01

33

Real Options Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After 30 years of discussion and research, the academic community has established a complete theoretical system of real options and provided an excellent framework for the use of real options theory in the investment appraisal of high-tech projects. An option is an entitlement without any obligation and it has been used to describe a variety of management decisions in business investment. The description of management is effective and proper. Due to the introduction of real options theory, there has been a major breakthrough in the investment area. Project evaluation is the core content of bank credit risk assessment and business evaluation. The core content never changes from the investment evaluation framework to the credit risk evaluation framework. The project evaluation meets various needs of subject s in different ways. In this paper, the importance of real options is analyzed and the literature is reviewed

Shuai Zhang

2011-03-01

34

CROSSFLOW FILTRATON: LITERATURE REVIEW  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As part of the Filtration task EM-31, WP-2.3.6, which is a joint effort between Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), tests were planned to evaluate crossflow filtration in order to the improve the use of existing hardware in the waste treatment plants at both the Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) and Hanford Site. These tests included experiments to try different operating conditions and additives, such as filter aids, in order to create a more permeable filter cake and improve the permeate flux. To plan the SRNL tests a literature review was performed to provide information on previous experiments performed by DOE laboratories, and by academia. This report compliments PNNL report (Daniel, et al 2010), and is an attempt to try and capture crossflow filtration work performed in the past that provide a basis for future testing. However, not all sources on crossflow filtration could be reviewed due to the shear volume of information available. In this report various references were examined and a representative group was chosen to present the major factors that affect crossflow filtration. The information summarized in this review contains previous operating conditions studied and their influence on the rate of filtration. Besides operating conditions, other attempted improvements include the use of filter aids, a pre-filtration leaching process, the backpulse system, and various types of filter tubes and filter coatings. The results from past research can be used as a starting point for further experimentation that can result in the improvement in the performance of the crossflow filtration. The literature reviewed in this report indicates how complex the crossflow issues are with the results of some studies appearing to conflict results from other studies. This complexity implies that filtration of mobilized stored waste cannot be explained in a simple generic sense; meaning an empirical model develop from one waste-filter combination will more than likely not be applicable to another combination. It appears that filtration performance varies as wide as the range of the types of slurry wastes that exist. However, conclusions can be elicited from existing information so that filter performance can be better understood, and hopefully improved. Those conclusions and recommendations for the planned tests are listed.

Duignan, M.

2011-01-01

35

A Systematic Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a wide recognition that, innovation is a key and strategic process, that is, essential for the survival and growth of individual firms, and also, for sustainable national and regional economic growth. Meanwhile, on the one hand, collaboration is a necessary approach for the innovation process in today's environment, and, on the other hand, information technology (IT tools are indispensable means for collaboration across different boundaries. Web 2.0 is a new generation of web tools that are providing new ways for work and new opportunities for interaction and collaboration. These new tools are increasingly being used by various organizations to enhance collaboration, to the end of, supporting and improving the innovation process. This review aims to assess the extent and scope to which the literature has examined web 2.0 tools in the context of the innovation process. For this purpose, scholarly articles, published from 2002 to 2012, on each of the topics of innovation and web 2.0, were collected by the literature search. The study here adopted the systematic approach of lexical analysis for extracting relevant articles from the corpus and for the analysis of those articles.

Loay ALTAMIMI

2014-01-01

36

Who Uses CAM? A Narrative Review of Demographic Characteristics and Health Factors Associated with CAM Use  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) are used by an extensive number of patients in the UK and elsewhere. In order to understand this pattern of behavior, it is helpful to examine the characteristics of people who use CAM. This narrative review collates and evaluates the evidence concerning the demographic characteristics and health status factors associated with CAM use in community-based non-clinical populations. A systematic literature search of computerized databases was conducte...

Bishop, Felicity L.; Lewith, G. T.

2010-01-01

37

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management ha...

2010-01-01

38

A narrative review of factors influencing detection and treatment of depression in Vietnam  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Depression is among the most common psychiatric conditions in primary health care, and constitutes an important part of the global disease burden. However, it is difficult to obtain comparable data on depression worldwide and models for treatment and intervention need to be locally adapted. We conducted a narrative review of research literature on factors that influence depression screening, diagnosis and treatment among the Vietnamese population. This explorative approach included studies de...

Niemi, Maria; Ma?lqvist, Mats; Giang, Kim Bao; Allebeck, Peter; Falkenberg, Torkel

2013-01-01

39

Literature review, Denmark  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Gives an overvie of the situation with respect to organic and conversion markets in Denmark based on exsisting literature. The following subjects are covered. National Policies. Agricultural Production. Conversion. Agricultural Marketing

Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt; Nielsen, Robert Green

2005-01-01

40

A Bibliometric Study of the Review Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report reviews the literature concerning review literature and reports the findings of a bibliometric analysis of the role of reviews in scientific communication. Specifically, how reviews rank among the important literature of science and how they f...

A. Mazella M. Malin

1977-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

[Literature review of pollutants  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This review focuses on the following: the measurement and monitoring of pollutants; treatment systems, including physicochemical processes, as well as biological processes; industrial wastes (management); hazardous wastes (waste management as well as remediation); and the fate and effects of pollutants.

NONE

1999-08-01

42

Fissure Minerals, Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a review of methods used for direct and indirect dating of tectonic events. Isotope geochemistry including stable isotopes as well as fission track- dating, fluid inclusion and thermoluminescens techniques have been considered. It has been c...

S. A. Larsson

1980-01-01

43

Bruxism: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Bruxism is a movement disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of teeth. Awake bruxism is found more in females as compared to males while sleep bruxism shows no such gender prevalence. Etiology of bruxism can be divided into three groups psychosocial factors, peripheral factors and pathophysiological factors. Treatment modalities involve occlusal correction, behavioural changes and pharmacological approach. A literature search was performed using National Library of Medicine’s (NLM...

Shetty, Shilpa; Pitti, Varun; Satish Babu, C. L.; Surendra Kumar, G. P.; Deepthi, B. C.

2010-01-01

44

Cognitive theories of addiction: ? narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several theories have been developed in order to understand the phenomenon of addiction. From a science development perspective, it is important to examine theories with shared concepts within a common framework, generate and test new hypotheses. Thispaper reviews those theories and models that consider substance misuse as a decision making process involving conscious and unconscious cognitive processes including simple classical conditioning models, cue reactivity, expectancy theory, social learning theory, neuropsychologicalmodels and the new hierarchical PRIME theory. A synthetic approach has been used as to identify similarities and to promote the incremental value of the discussed theories. PMID:21914614

Kouimtsidis, C

2010-01-01

45

Early morning hypertension: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Early morning hypertension has attracted more attention because of the close relationship between blood pressure levels in the early morning and cardiovascular risk. However, there are some unsolved issues on early morning hypertension. First, is early morning hypertension more special than other hypertension evaluated by other blood pressure indices? Second, the concept of early morning hypertension and morning blood pressure surge is sometimes discussed in the same context. Finally, is there any benefit in reducing early morning hypertension independent of a reduction in any other blood pressure index? Here, we review the remaining unsolved issues on early morning hypertension. PMID:24192841

Hoshide, Satoshi; Kario, Kazuomi

2013-12-01

46

Review of Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Offers a critical review of eight articles and two journal issues dealing with school indicators of student success or failure; state models for school improvement and accountability; teacher burnout as an outcome of paperwork burdens; the impact of reform efforts; class size; trends in educational evaluation; mastery testing; departmentalization…

Armstrong, Robert L.

1992-01-01

47

Topic: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a wide discussion for Chinese topic structure and topic-sentence acquisition in Second Language Acquisition since Li & Thompson (1976. This paper reviews the contribution made by Li & Thompson on topic and later researches on the basis of them. The relationship between subject and topic also is concentrated.

Dandan Zhang

2009-08-01

48

Literature Review.docx  

…Ref: Task 3.1 Market Analysis and Best Practice Review of opportunities for increased Green Public Procurement in the South East Project Ref: LIFE08 ENV/UK/000208 With the contribution of the LIFE financial instrument of the European Community. European Pathway to Zero Waste Market Analysis of Green…

49

Topic: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is a wide discussion for Chinese topic structure and topic-sentence acquisition in Second Language Acquisition since Li & Thompson (1976). This paper reviews the contribution made by Li & Thompson on topic and later researches on the basis of them. The relationship between subject and topic also is concentrated.

Dandan Zhang

2009-01-01

50

Identity Theft Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review draws on available scientific studies and a variety of other sources to assess what we know about identity theft and what might be done to further the research base of identity theft. Until the federal Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence ...

G. R. Newman M. M. McNally

2005-01-01

51

School effectiveness: Literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the reader embarks on the first part of the review of school effectiveness research. The aim of the review is to offer a clearer picture on whether, which, and how much teacher and school variables impact student achievement, as there is currently no wider and accepted consensus on this matter, in spite of the wealth of various school effectiveness studies. An introduction is followed by a section on fragmented research paradigms. Four subsequent sections describe and critique findings from these paradigms, namely from student background, input-output, effective-schools, and instructional effectiveness studies. The paper concludes with the section on synthesis of findings, which implicate student background variables as the most important for student achievement, followed by instruction and teacher-related variables (in very poor developing countries, input-output factors are also relevant for student success. Subsequent paper will showcase more recent school effectiveness studies that use appropriate methodology and conceptual framework for identification of the most important school effectiveness factors.

Teodorovi? Jelena

2009-01-01

52

Fissure minerals, literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is a review of methods used for direct and indirect dating of tectonic events. Isotope geochemistry including stable isotopes as well as fission track- dating, fluid inclusion and thermoluminescens techniques have been considered. It has been concluded that an investigation of tectonic (and thermal) events should start with a detailed study of the mineral phases grown in seald fissures as well as minerals from fissure walls. This study should include phase identification, textures as well as mineral chemistry. The information from this study is fundamental for the decision of further investigations. Mineral chemistry including isotopes and fluid inclusion studies will give an essential knowledge about crystallization conditions for fissure minerals concerned. Direct dating using fission tracks as well as radioactive isotopes could be useful for some minerals. Application of thermoluminescens dating on fissure minerals is doubtful. (Auth.)

1980-01-01

53

Trust Management: Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of trust has become popular in public debate andacademic analysis. In high income countries this interest is associatedwith concern for the decline of trust in governments andprofessionals, and in developing countries has been promptedby debates around the motion of social capital. Trust has beenidentified as a major factor influencing such things as capital investment,relationship marketing, cross-cultural communication,learning and various types of cooperation. Trust management isbecoming also very important inside the organization. The studywill review empirical research on organizational trust. The purposeof the study will be also evaluation of the advancements andsetbacks in current empirical research in terms of managementorganizational trust. This paper will analyze the theoretical approach,the conceptualization and the measurement issues coveredin studies on management organizational trust. Althoughtrust has emerged as an important factor in organizational relationships,there are still major conceptual and methodologicalchallenges to be met when studying this complex concept.

Joanna Olga Paliszkiewicz

2011-12-01

54

Detection of Practice Pattern Trends through Natural Language Processing of Clinical Narratives and Biomedical Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Clinical knowledge, best evidence, and practice patterns evolve over time. The ability to track these changes and study practice trends may be valuable for performance measurement and quality improvement efforts. The goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and validity of methods to generate and compare trends in biomedical literature and clinical narrative. We focused on the challenge of detecting trends in medication usage over time for two diseases: HIV/AIDS and asthma. Informatio...

Chen, Elizabeth S.; Stetson, Peter D.; Lussier, Yves A.; Markatou, Marianthi; Hripcsak, George; Friedman, Carol

2007-01-01

55

Ancient rhetoric as a hermeneutical tool for the analysis of characterization in narrative literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article argues that the conceptualization of the notions of character and characterization in ancient rhetorical treatises can serve as a hermeneutical tool for the analysis of characterization in narrative literature. It offers an analysis of ancient rhetorical loci and techniques of character depiction and points out that ancient rhetorical theory discusses direct, metaphorical, and metonymical techniques of characterization. Ultimately, it provides the modern scholar with a paradigm f...

Temmerman, Koen

2010-01-01

56

Workplace Learning: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

As we move into being a knowledge society, the way an organisation learns can be key to its innovation and profitability. This literature review examines the nature of workplace learning, with a focus on nonprofessional occupations, including those closely associated with workplace training. It identifies the conditions that facilitate workplace…

Vaughan, Karen

2008-01-01

57

Fuel cell applications literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The fuel cell applications literature, both civilian and military, is reviewed and evaluated in this report. The purpose of our study is to identify those applications that show promise for fuel cell use and those that require further study. Over 40 computerized data bases were queried, and over 4000 abstracts were screened, resulting in the selection of over 600 pertinent documents that were entered into a fuel cell applications computerized data base. These pertinent documents were reviewed and evaluated. Fuel cells show promise for widespread use in utility, industrial, commercial, and residential applications. Fuel cells will need to be manufactured at a low cost in order to compete against internal combustion engines for land transportation applications. Fuel cells have attractive characteristics for other applications, but their potential was inadequately evaluated in the literature. Further study is recommended to evaluate fuel cell use in both fixed applications (industrial, institutional, and military) and mobile applications (marine, aircraft, space, and military land transportation). The reasons for recommending further study include the following: the economic evaluation was inadequate, the literature was outdated, a limited number of competitive alternative energy systems were evaluated, a limited number of applications were considered, and/or a more detailed technical evaluation was needed. In addition to the recommendations of this report, a computerized data base of literature covering fuel cell uses and applications has been established and is available for use. This data base can be updated on a regular basis to incorporate the most current literature. 157 refs.

Nochumson, D.H.; Altseimer, J.H.; Williamson, K.D. Jr.; Frank, J.A.; Peaslee, A.T.; Martinez, A.J.; Stroup, C.A.

1985-03-01

58

Economic Value Added (EVA) - Literature Review and Relevant Issues  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to present a narrative literature review of 112 papers published on the EVA from 1994 to 2008. It provides a classification scheme, identifies the gaps in existing literature and suggests the direction for future research. Studies are classified and presented on the basis of...

Sharma, Anil K.; Satish Kumar

2010-01-01

59

Dental materials: 1996 literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This critical review of the published literature on dental materials for the year 1996 has been compiled by the Dental Materials Panel of the UK. It continues the series of annual reviews started in 1973 and published in the Journal of Dentistry. Emphasis has been placed upon publications which report upon the materials science or clinical performance of the materials. The review has been divided by accepted materials classifications (fissure sealants, glass polyalkenoate cements, dentine bonding, dental amalgam, endodontic materials, casting alloys, resin-bonded bridges and ceramo-metallic restorations, ceramics, denture base resins and soft lining materials, impression materials, implants materials, orthodontic materials, biomechanics and image processing, resin composites and casting investment materials and waxes). Three hundred and thirteen articles have been reviewed. PMID:9594471

Strang, R; Whitters, C J; Brown, D; Clarke, R L; Curtis, R V; Hatton, P V; Ireland, A J; Lloyd, C H; McCabe, J F; Nicholson, J W; Scrimgeour, S N; Setcos, J C; Sherriff, M; van Noort, R; Watts, D C; Woods, D

1998-03-01

60

Dental materials: 1997 literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review of the published literature on dental materials for the year 1997 has been compiled by the Dental Materials Panel of UK. It continues a series of annual reviews started in 1973. Emphasis has been placed upon publications, which report upon the materials science or clinical performance of the materials. The review has been divided by accepted materials classifications (fissure sealants, glass polyalkenoate cements, dentine bonding, dental amalgam, endodontic materials, casting alloys, ceramometallic restorations and resin-bonded bridges, ceramics, denture base resins and soft lining materials, impression materials, dental implant materials, orthodontic materials, biomechanics and image processing, resin composites, and casting investment materials and waxes). Three hundred and thirty three articles have been reviewed. PMID:10399409

Whitters, C J; Strang, R; Brown, D; Clarke, R L; Curtis, R V; Hatton, P V; Ireland, A J; Lloyd, C H; McCabe, J F; Nicholson, J W; Scrimgeour, S N; Setcos, J C; Sherriff, M; van Noort, R; Watts, D C; Wood, D

1999-08-01

 
 
 
 
61

Dental materials: 1995 literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This critical review of the published literature on dental materials for the year 1995 has been compiled by the Dental Materials Panel of the United Kingdom. It continues the series of annual reviews started in 1973 and published in the Journal of Dentistry. Emphasis has been placed upon publications which report upon the materials science or clinical performance of the materials. The review has been divided by accepted materials classifications (fissure sealants, glass polyalkenoate cements, resin composites, dentine bonding, dental amalgam, endodontic materials, casting alloys, investment materials, resin-bonded bridges and ceramo-metallic restorations, all ceramic restorations, denture base and soft lining materials, impression materials, dental implants, orthodontic materials and biomechanics). Three hundred and thirty articles published in 68 titles have been reviewed. PMID:9175346

Lloyd, C H; Scrimgeour, S N; Brown, D; Clarke, R L; Curtis, R V; Hatton, P V; Ireland, A J; McCabe, J F; Nicholson, J W; Setcos, J C; Sherriff, M; van Noort, R; Watts, D C; Whitters, C J; Wood, D

1997-01-01

62

Regional anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Laparoscopic surgery has advanced remarkably in recent years, resulting in reduced morbidity and shorter hospital stay compared with open surgery. Despite challenges from the expanding array of laparoscopic procedures performed with the use of pneumoperitoneum on increasingly sick patients, anesthesia has remained largely unchanged. At present, most laparoscopic operations are usually performed under general anesthesia, except for patients deemed "too sick" for general anesthesia. Recently, however, several large, retrospective studies questioned the widely held belief that general anesthesia is the best anesthetic method for laparoscopic surgery and suggested that regional anesthesia could also be a reasonable choice in certain settings. This narrative review is an attempt to critically summarize current evidence on regional anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery. Because most available data come from large, retrospective studies, large, rigorous, prospective clinical trials comparing regional vs. general anesthesia are needed to evaluate the true value of regional anesthesia in laparoscopic surgery. PMID:24197290

Vretzakis, George; Bareka, Metaxia; Aretha, Diamanto; Karanikolas, Menelaos

2014-06-01

63

REVIEW OF PLUTONIUM OXIDATION LITERATURE  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A brief review of plutonium oxidation literature was conducted. The purpose of the review was to ascertain the effect of oxidation conditions on oxide morphology to support the design and operation of the PDCF direct metal oxidation (DMO) furnace. The interest in the review was due to a new furnace design that resulted in oxide characteristics that are different than those of the original furnace. Very little of the published literature is directly relevant to the DMO furnace operation, which makes assimilation of the literature data with operating conditions and data a convoluted task. The oxidation behavior can be distilled into three regimes, a low temperature regime (RT to 350 C) with a relatively slow oxidation rate that is influenced by moisture, a moderate temperature regime (350-450 C) that is temperature dependent and relies on more or less conventional oxidation growth of a partially protective oxide scale, and high temperature oxidation (> 500 C) where the metal autocatalytically combusts and oxidizes. The particle sizes obtained from these three regimes vary with the finest being from the lowest temperature. It is surmised that the slow growth rate permits significant stress levels to be achieved that help break up the oxides. The intermediate temperatures result in a fairly compact scale that is partially protective and that grows to critical thickness prior to fracturing. The growth rate in this regime may be parabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxidation time and consequently the oxide thickness. The high temperature oxidation is invariant in quiescent or nearly quiescent conditions due to gas blanketing while it accelerates with temperature under flowing conditions. The oxide morphology will generally consist of fine particles (<15 {micro}m), moderately sized particles (15 < x < 250 {micro}m) and large particles (> 250 {micro}m). The particle size ratio is expected to be < 5%, 25%, and 70% for fine, medium and large particles, respectively, for metal temperatures in the 500-600 C range.

Korinko, P.

2009-11-12

64

Employee Engagement: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Motivated and engaged employees tend to contribute more in terms of organizational productivity and support in maintaining a higher commitment level leading to the higher customer satisfaction. Employees Engagement permeates across the employee-customer boundary, where revenue, corporate goodwill, brand image are also at stake. This paper makes an attempt to study the different dimensions of employee engagement with the help of review of literature. This can be used to provide an overview and references on some of the conceptual and practical work undertaken in the area of the employee engagement practices.

Dharmendra MEHTA

2013-12-01

65

Refeeding Syndrome: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Refeeding syndrome (RFS describes the biochemical changes, clinical manifestations, and complications that can occur as a consequence of feeding a malnourished catabolic individual. RFS has been recognised in the literature for over fifty years and can result in serious harm and death. Crude estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality are available for specific populations. RFS can occur in any individual but more commonly occurs in at-risk populations. Increased awareness amongst healthcare professionals is likely to reduce morbidity and mortality. This review examines the physiology of RFS and describes the clinical manifestations. A management strategy is described. The importance of a multidisciplinary approach is emphasized.

L. U. R. Khan

2011-01-01

66

Literature Reviews and the Hermeneutic Circle  

Science.gov (United States)

Conducting a literature review is a vital part of any research. Library and information science (LIS) professionals often play a central role in supporting academics in their efforts to locate relevant publications and in teaching novice researchers skills associated with literature reviews. This paper examines literature review processes with the…

Boell, Sebastian K.; Cecez-Kecmanovic, Dubravka

2010-01-01

67

Key concepts of clinical trials: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The recent focus of federal funding on comparative effectiveness research underscores the importance of clinical trials in the practice of evidence-based medicine and health care reform. The impact of clinical trials not only extends to the individual patient by establishing a broader selection of effective therapies, but also to society as a whole by enhancing the value of health care provided. However, clinical trials also have the potential to pose unknown risks to their participants, and biased knowledge extracted from flawed clinical trials may lead to the inadvertent harm of patients. Although conducting a well-designed clinical trial may appear straightforward, it is founded on rigorous methodology and oversight governed by key ethical principles. In this review, we provide an overview of the ethical foundations of trial design, trial oversight, and the process of obtaining approval of a therapeutic, from its pre-clinical phase to post-marketing surveillance. This narrative review is based on a course in clinical trials developed by one of the authors (DJM), and is supplemented by a PubMed search predating January 2011 using the keywords "randomized controlled trial," "patient/clinical research," "ethics," "phase IV," "data and safety monitoring board," and "surrogate endpoint." With an understanding of the key principles in designing and implementing clinical trials, health care providers can partner with the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory bodies to effectively compare medical therapies and thereby meet one of the essential goals of health care reform. PMID:21904102

Umscheid, Craig A; Margolis, David J; Grossman, Craig E

2011-09-01

68

Disentangling manual muscle testing and Applied Kinesiology: critique and reinterpretation of a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Cuthbert and Goodheart recently published a narrative review on the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing (MMT) in the Journal. The authors should be recognized for their effort to synthesize this vast body of literature. However, the review contains critical errors in the search methods, inclusion criteria, quality assessment, validity definitions, study interpretation, literature synthesis, generalizability of study findings, and conclusion formulation that merit a reconsiderati...

2007-01-01

69

Disentangling manual muscle testing and Applied Kinesiology: critique and reinterpretation of a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Cuthbert and Goodheart recently published a narrative review on the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing (MMT) in the Journal. The authors should be recognized for their effort to synthesize this vast body of literature. However, the review contains critical errors in the search methods, inclusion criteria, quality assessment, validity definitions, study interpretation, literature synthesis, generalizability of study findings, and conclusion formulation that me...

2007-01-01

70

Burning mouth syndrome: literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS is a disease entitythat involves the soft tissues of the oropharynx and isetiologically influenced by neuropsychological factors.Its clinical presentation is not associated with significantmucosal abnormalities visually, which makes it particularlydifficult to diagnose. Despite being widely described in theliterature many clinicians are unaware of this conditiongenerating sub-diagnoses, depletion of both patient andhealth system and therefore ineffective management ofthe disease, affecting even the poor quality of life patientsalready suffering from the disease. Objetive: Providesome tools for clinical diagnosis and management of BMSbased on scientific evidence, and build on it, awarenessof the importance of remaining alert to the presence ofapparently unknown diseases. Methodology: A generalizedsearch of scientific articles that included literature reviews,case reports and case-control studies published from 1985through 2013 was performed. The selected articles shouldaddress the burning mouth syndrome and not just thedescription of any of its signs or symptoms. The selecteditems included the description of the disease, etiology,symptomatic characterization, epidemiology and treatmentoptions. The databases searched were MEDLINE andScience Direct. Conclusions: There is no definite consensuson the etiology of the disease, for which the literature doesnot clearly define what is the most predictable treatmentalternative in terms of efficiency in the management of thesyndrome and therefore the lack of randomized controlledtrials it is evident. The literature focuses primarily onproviding clinicians the ability to be alert to the presence ofcharacteristic signs and symptoms of the disease in orderto make a proper diagnosis and leaves important light tothe need for relevant scientific developments regarding thetreatment of thereof.

María Helena Parra Martínez

2012-11-01

71

[Pathological buying -- a literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

This review summarizes the literature on pathological buying published during the past 15 years. Pathological or compulsive buying is defined as frequent preoccupation with buying or impulses to buy that are experienced as irresistible, intrusive, and/or senseless. The buying behavior causes marked distress, interferes with social functioning, and often results in financial problems. Studies on the phenomenology, diagnosis, classification, comorbidity, epidemiology, and treatment are presented. Pathological buying should be diagnosed as impulse control disorder not otherwise specified (ICD-10 F63.9). Psychiatric comorbidity is frequent, particulary mood, anxiety, substance use, eating, impulse control and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The positive results of pharmacological treatment with antidepressants (usually SSRI) and opioid antagonists could not be confirmed in controlled trials. A disorder specific cognitive-behavioral group treatment manual was published in USA. A controlled study is currently conducted in USA and since 2003 at the Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy at the University Hospital Erlangen. PMID:15633069

Müller, Astrid; Reinecker, Hans; Jacobi, Corinna; Reisch, Lucia; de Zwaan, Martina

2005-01-01

72

WOUND INFECTION - SISTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: To review, identify and analyze the main aspects of the scientific production of healthcare professionals about wound infection, providing an update of relevant technical information for improving their capabilities for a better injury care. Methods: This is a review of the literature contained at bireme and pubmed databases published from 2002 to 2008. Results: The results revealed nineteen publications and all the information data were subjected into thematic analysis, divided into three distinct categories: the best evidence for the prevention and control of the infections, the association between infections and the places where the injuries are present and the indication of the best healing implementation techniques. Conclusion: There is a consensus that professional nurses must always update themselves for the promotion of the correct epidemiological studies about the patient’s social and demographic profiles in order to improve adequate identification of the microorganisms probably concerned to these infections. The development of new standardized protocols leading to uniform practices into reliable results are necessary for delineating a pattern of a specialized nursing care in the search for the total quality being the nurse the prime agent in this question.

Edmar Jorge Feijó

2008-11-01

73

Computational Models of Narrative: Review of a Workshop  

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On October 8-10, 2009 an interdisciplinary group met at the Wylie Center in Beverley, Massachusetts to evaluate the state of the art in the computational modeling of narrative. Three important findings emerged: (1) current work in computational modeling is described by three different levels of representation; (2) there is a paucity of studies at the highest, most abstract level aimed at inferring the meaning or message of the narrative; and (3) there is a need to establish a standard data ba...

2010-01-01

74

Green perspectives for public health: a narrative review on the physiological effects of experiencing outdoor nature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Natural environments offer a high potential for human well-being, restoration and stress recovery in terms of allostatic load. A growing body of literature is investigating psychological and physiological health benefits of contact with Nature. So far, a synthesis of physiological health outcomes of direct outdoor nature experiences and its potential for improving Public Health is missing. We were interested in summarizing the outcomes of studies that investigated physiological outcomes of experiencing Nature measuring at least one physiological parameter during the last two decades. Studies on effects of indoor or simulated Nature exposure via videos or photos, animal contact, and wood as building material were excluded from further analysis. As an online literature research delivered heterogeneous data inappropriate for quantitative synthesis approaches, we descriptively summarized and narratively synthesized studies. The procedure started with 1,187 titles. Research articles in English language published in international peer-reviewed journals that investigated the effects of natural outdoor environments on humans by were included. We identified 17 relevant articles reporting on effects of Nature by measuring 20 different physiological parameters. We assigned these parameters to one of the four body systems brain activity, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, and immune function. These studies reported mainly direct and positive effects, however, our analyses revealed heterogeneous outcomes regarding significance of results. Most of the studies were conducted in Japan, based on quite small samples, predominantly with male students as participants in a cross-sectional design. In general, our narrative review provided an ambiguous illustration of the effects outdoor nature exerted on physiological parameters. However, the majority of studies reported significant positive effects. A harmonizing effect of Nature, especially on physiological stress reactions, was found across all body systems. From a Public Health perspective, interdisciplinary work on utilizing benefits of Nature regarding health promotion, disease prevention, and nature-based therapy should be optimized in order to eventually diminish given methodological limitations from mono-disciplinary studies. PMID:24852391

Haluza, Daniela; Schönbauer, Regina; Cervinka, Renate

2014-05-01

75

Green Perspectives for Public Health: A Narrative Review on the Physiological Effects of Experiencing Outdoor Nature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Natural environments offer a high potential for human well-being, restoration and stress recovery in terms of allostatic load. A growing body of literature is investigating psychological and physiological health benefits of contact with Nature. So far, a synthesis of physiological health outcomes of direct outdoor nature experiences and its potential for improving Public Health is missing. We were interested in summarizing the outcomes of studies that investigated physiological outcomes of experiencing Nature measuring at least one physiological parameter during the last two decades. Studies on effects of indoor or simulated Nature exposure via videos or photos, animal contact, and wood as building material were excluded from further analysis. As an online literature research delivered heterogeneous data inappropriate for quantitative synthesis approaches, we descriptively summarized and narratively synthesized studies. The procedure started with 1,187 titles. Research articles in English language published in international peer-reviewed journals that investigated the effects of natural outdoor environments on humans by were included. We identified 17 relevant articles reporting on effects of Nature by measuring 20 different physiological parameters. We assigned these parameters to one of the four body systems brain activity, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, and immune function. These studies reported mainly direct and positive effects, however, our analyses revealed heterogeneous outcomes regarding significance of results. Most of the studies were conducted in Japan, based on quite small samples, predominantly with male students as participants in a cross-sectional design. In general, our narrative review provided an ambiguous illustration of the effects outdoor nature exerted on physiological parameters. However, the majority of studies reported significant positive effects. A harmonizing effect of Nature, especially on physiological stress reactions, was found across all body systems. From a Public Health perspective, interdisciplinary work on utilizing benefits of Nature regarding health promotion, disease prevention, and nature-based therapy should be optimized in order to eventually diminish given methodological limitations from mono-disciplinary studies.

Daniela Haluza

2014-05-01

76

Sternoclavicular joint injuries: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Traumatic sternoclavicular (SC) joint injuries are rare. The goal of this literature review was to evaluate the available literature on the treatment of traumatic anterior and posterior SC (fracture-) dislocations in adults and children.

Tongel, Alexander; Wilde, Lieven

2011-01-01

77

Discovering Oneself and Discovering Ourselves with the Help of Literature: Educational Possibilities of Narrative  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Undoubtedly narrative in education has frequently been studied. Nonetheless, in this paper we want to explore the different educational possibilities offered by narrative in order to discover identity through tradition. MacIntyre’s thought offers the categories of practice, tradition and narrative, in order to penetrate the central questions of personal identity and communicability that we consider the most suggestive. Some authors understand narrative as a very accurate means to access tra...

2010-01-01

78

CSR within SMEs: Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although CSR has traditionally been associated with big business, the SME business sector is such a significant sector worldwide in terms of the economic, environmental and social impact it makes, that attention has been turned to discussion and analysis of principles and practice of CSR in small and medium size businesses. SMEs are not merely small versions of big businesses, so as a result a particularly fast-growing body of academic work has become focused on commitment to CSR in the sector. As a result, the aim of this article is to set out an analysis of the main work carried out on the subject of CSR in SMEs. The analysis is a four part summary. In the first part, we explore the definition and the main CSR practices found in SMEs. The second part relates to determining characteristics of commitment to CSR within SMEs. Next we set out the challenges for SMEs and the constraints made upon them by CSR. Finally, the last section deals with positive examples of CSR in SMEs. Taking this literature review summary as a structural basis we then go on to demonstrate 3 research methodologies.

Amina Kechiche

2012-06-01

79

Geopressured habitat: A literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A literature review of the geopressured-geothermal habitat is summarized. Findings are presented and discussed with respect to the principal topics: Casual agents are both geological and geochemical; they include disequilibrium compaction of sediments, clay diagenesis, aquathermal pressuring, hydrocarbon generation, and lateral tectonic compression. The overall physical and chemical characteristics of the habitats are dictated by varying combinations of sedimentation rates, alteration mineralogy, permeability, porosity and pressure, temperature, fluid content and chemistry, and hydrodynamic flow. Habitat pressure seals are considered in terms of their formation processes, geologic characteristics, and physical behavior, including pressure release and reservoir pressure recharge on a geologic time scale. World-wide occurrence of geopressured-geothermal habitats is noted. The main thrust of this topic concerns the U.S.A. and Canada; in addition, reference is made to occurrences in China and indications from deep-sea vents, as well as the contribution of paleo-overpressure to habitat initiation and maintenance. Identification and assessment of the habitat is addressed in relation to use of hydrogeologic, geophysical, geochemical, and geothermic techniques, as well as well-logging and drill-stem-test data. Conclusions concerning the adequacy of the current state of knowledge and its applicability to resource exploration and development are set forth, together with recommendations for the thrust of future work.

Negus-de Wys, Jane

1992-09-01

80

Tourette syndrome: Review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Tourette Syndrome (TS was described for the first time in 1825, and it is a neuropsychiatry disease, initially begins in childhood, affects more males, characterized by remarkable social and psychological commitment, impacting the lives of patients and family. Until recently, this disease were considered a rare condition, but current studies show that the prevalence rate may vary in 1% to 2,9% in a few groups. Objective: Perform a review of literature over the main aspects related to Tourette syndrome. Data synthesis: The TS is a genetic disorder, associated with neuroanatomical and neurophysiological alterations, characterized by compulsive phenomenon, whose etiology is still unknown. The clinical profile is composed, mostly, by motor tics and vocal tics, that which are divided in simple and complex. Its association with Obssessive Compulsive Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is very commom. The diagnosis is mainly clinical and do not exist. Until now, there is no specific laboratory test that confirm this pathology. The treatment is based mainly on psychological theory. However when there is need for the use of drugs, the most widely used are the antagonists of dopamine receptors. Conclusion: The TS causes many damages as psychosocial and educational for the individual and the family. However, the diagnosis and the early treatment are able to minimize or cancel this damages. This way, knowing the general aspects that guide the TS is of utmost importance to preserve the quality of life for the patients with the disease.

Teixeira, Larissa Lane Cardoso

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
81

Narrative Theology in the High School Classroom: Teaching Theology through the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

If Jesus taught most frequently through symbol and story, and the early Church passed on his teachings primarily through story, especially the four Gospels, why is today's catechesis and theological pedagogy not more informed by "narrative theology"--theology which focuses on the narratives told by Jesus and the Gospels precisely as narratives

Delfra, Louis A.

2005-01-01

82

Dignity in care in the clinical setting: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review aimed to explore nursing literature and research on dignity in care of inpatients and to evaluate how the care patients received in the hospital setting was related to perceived feelings of being dignified or undignified. Studies conducted between 2000 and 2010 were considered, using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and MEDLINE, and the search terms 'patient dignity', 'dignity in care', 'human dignity and nursing' and 'dignity and nursing ethics'. Findings revealed, from the perspectives of nurses and patients, that dignity in care in the hospital setting is seen to be influenced by physical environment, staff attitude and behaviour, organisational culture and patient independence. This review can help nurses to better understand dignity in care, and for policy makers, there are implications about determining the physical environment, staff attitude and behaviour and organisational culture needed to promote patient dignity in nursing. By identifying the most important factors from patients' and nurses' perspectives that contribute to dignity in care, nursing interventions, such as campaigns and education in clinical practice, can be developed. PMID:23131700

Lin, Yea-Pyng; Watson, Roger; Tsai, Yun-Fang

2013-03-01

83

Economics of On-the-Job Training: Annotated Bibliography and Literature Review. Final Report for Period October 1974-November 1976.  

Science.gov (United States)

To aid in the development and validation of a cost analytic model for Air Force on-the-job training (OJT), this report reviews the literature on the economics of education and training through mid-1976 inclusively. The first two of the four parts in the document provide narrative discussions of the literature, and the last two contain the…

Gant, Charles R.

84

The Stigmatization of Problem Drug Users: A Narrative Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: A stigma is a long-lasting mark of social disgrace that has a profound effect on interactions between the stigmatized and the unstigmatized. Factors governing the extent of stigmatization attached to an individual include the perceived danger posed by that person and the extent to which she/he is seen as being to blame for the stigma.…

Lloyd, Charlie

2013-01-01

85

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

Aphramor Lucy

2010-07-01

86

Review of Children’s Identity Construction via Narratives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Understanding oneself is a fundamental human concern that starts early and continues throughout life. Identity construction is also a life-long process, but early childhood is the critical period for laying the foundation. Children’s identity construction proceeds through diverse perspectives which do not necessarily follow developmental steps. These perspectives include how children view themselves in relation to others through narratives, and how they embody themselves in the peer interac...

Jiryung Ahn

2011-01-01

87

A systematic narrative review of consumer-directed care for older people: implications for model development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Consumer-directed care is increasingly becoming a mainstream option in community-based aged care. However, a systematic review describing how the current evaluation research translates into practise has not been published to date. This review aimed to systematically establish an evidence base of user preferences for and satisfaction with services associated with consumer-directed care programmes for older people. Twelve databases were searched, including MedLine, BioMed Central, Cinahl, Expanded Academic ASAP, PsychInfo, ProQuest, Age Line, Science Direct, Social Citation Index, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. Google Scholar and Google were also searched. Eligible studies were those reporting on choice, user preferences and service satisfaction outcomes regarding a programme or model of home-based care in the United States or United Kingdom. This systematic narrative review retrieved literature published from January 1992 to August 2011. A total of 277 references were identified. Of these 17 met the selection criteria and were reviewed. Findings indicate that older people report varying preferences for consumer-directed care with some demonstrating limited interest. Clients and carers reported good service satisfaction. However, research comparing user preferences across countries or investigating how ecological factors shape user preferences has received limited attention. Policy-makers and practitioners need to carefully consider the diverse contexts, needs and preferences of older adults in adopting consumer-directed care approaches in community aged care. The review calls for the development of consumer-directed care programmes offering a broad range of options that allow for personalisation and greater control over services without necessarily transferring the responsibility for administrative responsibilities to service users. Review findings suggest that consumer-directed care approaches have the potential to empower older people. PMID:23465034

Ottmann, Goetz; Allen, Jacqui; Feldman, Peter

2013-11-01

88

Citicoline in addictive disorders: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Background: Citicoline is a dietary supplement that has been used as a neuroprotective agent for neurological disorders such as stroke and dementia. Citicoline influences acetylcholine, dopamine, and glutamate neurotransmitter systems; serves as an intermediate in phospholipid metabolism; and enhances the integrity of neuronal membranes. Interest has grown in citicoline as a treatment for addiction since it may have beneficial effects on craving, withdrawal symptoms, and cognitive functioning, as well as the ability to attenuate the neurotoxic effects of drugs of abuse. Objectives: To review the literature on citicoline's use in addictive disorders. Methods: Using PubMed we conducted a narrative review of the clinical literature on citicoline related to addictive disorders from the years 1900-2013 using the following keywords: citicoline, CDP-choline, addiction, cocaine, alcohol, substance abuse, and substance dependence. Out of approximately 900 first hits, nine clinical studies have been included in this review. Results: Most addiction research investigated citicoline for cocaine use. The findings suggest that it is safe and well tolerated. Furthermore, citicoline appears to decrease craving and is associated with a reduction in cocaine use, at least at high doses in patients with both bipolar disorder and cocaine dependence. Limited data suggest citicoline may also hold promise for alcohol and cannabis dependence and in reducing food consumption. Conclusions: Currently, there is limited research on the efficacy of citicoline for addictive disorders, but the available literature suggests promising results. Future research should employ larger sample sizes, increased dosing, and more complex study designs. PMID:24950234

Wignall, Nicholas D; Brown, E Sherwood

2014-07-01

89

Refeeding Syndrome: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Refeeding syndrome (RFS) describes the biochemical changes, clinical manifestations, and complications that can occur as a consequence of feeding a malnourished catabolic individual. RFS has been recognised in the literature for over fifty years and can result in serious harm and death. Crude estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality are available for specific populations. RFS can occur in any individual but more commonly occurs in at-risk populations. Increased awareness amongst healt...

Khan, L. U. R.; Ahmed, J.; Khan, S.; Macfie, J.

2011-01-01

90

Shopper marketing: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Shopper marketing is a recent concept and it has been gaining importance and attention among managers and researchers. Due to its youth and increasing relevance, the purpose of this paper is to analyze, categorize, compile and analyze the existing knowledge concerning shopper marketing. The main finding of this paper is that the literature on shopper marketing is complementary and coherent, and also raises several research and managerial challenges. Besides that, there is a struct...

Silveira, Paulo Duarte; Marreiros, Cristina

2014-01-01

91

Adherence to depression treatment in older adults: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression in older adults has been detected, diagnosed and treated more frequently in recent years. However, substantial gaps in effective treatment remain. Adherence to depression treatment can be viewed as the 'next frontier' in the treatment of late-life depression. Using the Theory of Reasoned Action, a model of health behaviours, this paper conceptualizes and reviews the current evidence for key patient-level factors associated with depression treatment adherence among older adults. We categorize these factors according to how their impact on adherence might be affected by specialized treatment approaches or interventions as: (i) modifiable; (ii) potentially modifiable; and (iii) non-modifiable. Based on current evidence, modifiable factors associated with depression treatment adherence include patient attitudes, beliefs and social norms. Patient attitudes include perceptions of the effectiveness of depression treatment, preferences for the type of depression treatment and concepts regarding the aetiology of depression (e.g. resistance to viewing depression as a medical illness). There is also evidence from the literature that spiritual and religious beliefs may be important determinants of adherence to depression care. Social norms such as the impact of caregiver agreement with treatment recommendations and stigma may also affect adherence to depression treatment. Other factors may be less modifiable per se, but they may have an impact on adherence that is potentially modifiable by specialized interventions. Based upon a review of the current literature, potentially modifiable factors associated with adherence to depression treatment include co-morbid anxiety, substance use, cognitive status, polypharmacy and medical co-morbidity, social support and the cost of treatment. Finally, non-modifiable factors include patient gender and race. Importantly, non-modifiable factors may interact with modifiable factors to affect health behavioural intent (e.g. race and spiritual beliefs). Thus, adherence to depression treatment in older adults is associated with multiple factors. Strategies to improve patient adherence need to be multidimensional, including consideration of age-related cognitive and co-morbidity factors, environmental and social factors, functional status and belief systems. Evidence-based interventions involving greater patient, caregiver, provider and public health education should be developed to decrease stigma, negative attitudes and other modifiable barriers to detection, diagnosis, treatment and adherence to depression treatment. These interventions should also be tailored to the individual as well as to the treatment setting. While important progress has been made in increasing detection of depression in older adults, greater focus now needs to be placed on treatment engagement and continuation of improvements in quality of life, reducing suffering and achieving better outcomes. PMID:18582145

Zivin, Kara; Kales, Helen C

2008-01-01

92

Energy Storage: A Review of Recent Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent literature on the technological and economic status of reversible energy storage has been reviewed. A broad range of research and development activities have been pursued between 1975 and the present. Most of this work has concentrated on improving...

O. S. Tatone

1981-01-01

93

Collective Intelligence in Humans: A Literature Review  

CERN Multimedia

This literature review focuses on collective intelligence in humans. A keyword search was performed on the Web of Knowledge and selected papers were reviewed in order to reveal themes relevant to collective intelligence. Three levels of abstraction were identified in discussion about the phenomenon: the micro-level, the macro-level and the level of emergence. Recurring themes in the literature were categorized under the above-mentioned framework and directions for future research were identified.

Salminen, Juho

2012-01-01

94

MTA versus Portland cement: review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Both Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA and Portland cement (PC have been highlighted because of their favorable biological properties, with extensive applications in Endodontics, including the possibility of using into root canal filling. Objective: This article reviews literature related to MTA and PC comparing their physical, chemical and biological properties, as well as their indications. Literature review: Literature reports studies revealing the similarities between these materials’ properties, including both biocompatibility and bone repair induction. Moreover, there is the need for the development of a root canal sealer based on these materials (MTA and PC. Conclusion: MTA and CP show promissory perspective both in Dentistry and Endodontics.

Naiana Viana Viola

2011-10-01

95

Review literature about nursing diagnosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to identify in literature published about nursing diagnosis in the period 2000 and 2007. Methodology: the articles search was conducted in the databases of Bireme (Lilacs/Medline focusing on the number of published articles, most studied topics, year of publication, categories of articles, countries that publish and theories that the researchers refer more. Results: after filtering were found 178 articles indexed with a majority of journals, the most frequently mentioned theme was the validation of the defining characteristics of nursing diagnoses, the year with more publications was 2000, followed by 2007, the more detailed study kind was the descriptive one, the country that more published was Brazil and the theoretical approach more quoted was the NANDA Taxonomy II. Conclusions: we conclude, thus, how small is the practice of nursing diagnoses in the Brazilian reality, given the prospect of advances as the journals analyzed.

Rejane Marie Barbosa Davim, Maria Gorete Pereira de Araújo, Mayana Camila Barbosa Galvão, Gabriela Miranda Mota

2010-05-01

96

Patients’ privacy: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The concept of privacy, which is used in many disciplines, is a basic human need and also is recognized as an important concept in nursing. The concept of privacy has been described in various dimensions including physical, psychological, social and informational privacy. In this article we review these dimensions. Most of the studies related to the privacy have been carried out in the area of physical privacy. One of the basic areas of privacy in hospitals is related to data protection and t...

Mehrdad N; Parsa Yekta Z; Jolaee S

2004-01-01

97

Employee Absenteeism: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on employee absenteeism as a form of withdrawal behavior apart from turnover. Studies examining the psychometric properties of absence measures are reviewed, along with the relationship between absenteeism and personal, attitudinal, and organizational variables. (Author)

Muchinsky, Paul M.

1977-01-01

98

Review of Family Literacy Programming Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on current and past literature as it relates to family literacy. Reviews that related to models of literacy programming that include a library instruction component were considered as part of this review. Overall, researchers perceived that there are transformative long term benefits for the participating…

Cook, Vickie S.

2009-01-01

99

Cardiac hydatid disease: literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hydatid disease is endemic to various regions of the world, with an incidence of 0.4 per 100,000 persons. Isolated cardiac involvement is rare and occurs in only 0.02%-2% of cases. As the majority of cases are asymptomatic, can present catastrophically, and lead to high mortality, it has become increasingly important to identify the disease in an early stage and treat it with surgical excision. This review aims to familiarize the readers with the varied presentations, early diagnosis, and management of cardiac hydatid disease. PMID:23284134

Abhishek, Vijayakumar; Avinash, Vijayakumar

2012-12-01

100

Image Retrieval: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the recent years, with the acquaintance ofinternet, there has been large amount of data resides on theweb. Therefore it becomes necessity for fast retrieval searchengines that retrieve documents and images.This paper tries toprovide a comprehensive review and characterize the variousproblems of image retrial techniques. We present a survey ofthe most popular image retrieval techniques with their pros andcons. Content Based Image Retrieval is the latest technique forimage retrieval.In order to make image retrieval more effectiveresearcher are moving towards Association based imageretrieval, that is new direction of CBIR. Finally, based onexisting technologies and the demand from real-worldapplications, a few promising future research directions aresuggested

Meenakshi Shruti Pal, Dr. Sushil Kumar Garg

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
101

Review of Children’s Identity Construction via Narratives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding oneself is a fundamental human concern that starts early and continues throughout life. Identity construction is also a life-long process, but early childhood is the critical period for laying the foundation. Children’s identity construction proceeds through diverse perspectives which do not necessarily follow developmental steps. These perspectives include how children view themselves in relation to others through narratives, and how they embody themselves in the peer interactions of peer group and school. Self-identity is changed and transformed through interactions with environment and diverse experiences. The various ways children construct their identities reveal their efforts to “become.” Understanding who we are in early childhood opens the door to acknowledging ourselves as significant human beings.

Jiryung Ahn

2011-12-01

102

Who Uses CAM? A Narrative Review of Demographic Characteristics and Health Factors Associated with CAM Use.  

Science.gov (United States)

Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) are used by an extensive number of patients in the UK and elsewhere. In order to understand this pattern of behavior, it is helpful to examine the characteristics of people who use CAM. This narrative review collates and evaluates the evidence concerning the demographic characteristics and health status factors associated with CAM use in community-based non-clinical populations. A systematic literature search of computerized databases was conducted, and published research papers which present evidence concerning associations between CAM use and demographic and health characteristics are discussed and evaluated. The evidence suggests that people who use CAM tend to be female, of middle age and have more education. In terms of their health, CAM users tend to have more than one medical condition, but might not be more likely than non-users to have specific conditions such as cancer or to rate their own general health as poor. The multivariate studies that have been conducted suggest that both demographic and health characteristics contribute independently to CAM use. In conclusion, demographic characteristics and factors related to an individual's health status are associated with CAM use. Future research is needed to address methodological limitations in existing studies. PMID:18955327

Bishop, Felicity L; Lewith, G T

2010-03-01

103

SIX SIGMA: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Despite stiff international competition in the global market, world-class manufacturers are increasing their market share and profits through low-cost production, waste reduction in manufacturing, production of high quality products, and exceptional customer service. Six Sigma has been successfully implemented in this regard. In this paper, a selected survey of Six Sigma literature is presented to illustrate the wide scope of the application of the concept. This could be of immense benefit to organizations’ top management who need to understand the critical variables and factors for the successful implementation of Six Sigma programmes, leading to substantial, sustainable long-term improvement in performance results, value for money, and effort. The paper presents motivated pointers – substantiated as far as possible by data and evidence – to key success factors, variables, and their interrelationships.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Sterk internasionale mededinging ten spyt verhoog wêreldklasvervaardigers hul markaandeel en winste via laekosteproduksie, skrootvermindering, die produksie van gehalteprodukte en die lewering van primadiens aan klante. Ses Sigma is in hierdie verband as gereedskap suksesvol geïmplimenteer. Die artikel behandel 'n gekeurde oorsig van Ses Sigmaliteratuur om sodoende die toepassingsveldwyde van die konsep te illustreer. Die artikel is nuttig vir organisasiebestuurders uit die oogpunt van veranderlikes en suksesfaktore wat deur die Ses Sigmametode tot substansiële en volhoubare langtermyn verbeterings van 'n onderneming kan lei.

S.A. Oke

2012-01-01

104

Integrating a Narrative Medicine Telephone Interview with Online Life Review Education for Cancer Patients: Lessons Learned and Future Directions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We describe an online narrative and life review education program for cancer patients and the results of a small implementation test to inform future directions for further program development and full-scale evaluation research. The intervention combined three types of psycho-oncology narrative interventions that have been shown to help patients address emotional and existential issues: 1) a physician-led dignity-enhancing telephone interview to elicit the life narrative and delivery of an ed...

2009-01-01

105

Trace element emissions. Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Application of fossil fuels by various utilities results in the emission of trace elements to air, water and solid waste streams. Elements present in coal are released as particles or as vapours during coal combustion or gasification. Owing to the increased consumption of coal, especially for power generation, huge quantities of potentially hazardous trace elements are released into the atmosphere every year. It is necessary to evaluate the emissions of each trace element from coal-fired combustion or gasification systems, and their effects on the environment. Present research interests should be aimed at determining the sources, concentrations, and environmental impact of trace elements related with energy generation and relevant control technologies. Two of the emerging advanced coal gasification technologies, such as integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) are presently experiencing potential difficulties due to trace element emissions. In order to control the levels of these contaminants within regulatory limits and to ensure the efficient operation of fuel cells, it is necessary to determine the type and quantity of trace elements emitted from coal gasification-based systems as a function of system, operating conditions, and type of coal. The partitioning of the trace elements is influenced by the gasification conditions. In general, the following gasification conditions are expected to influence the distribution of trace elements between various product streams. (a) reducing and oxidizing environments (b) gas phase composition, pressure and temperature. The present report was aimed at finding and identifying gaps existing in the literature on the trace element transformations during gasification. Also included in the report is the modelling of relevant transformation mechanisms of the trace elements during gasification as a function of coal type and process conditions. 7 figs., 6 tabs., 69 refs.

Vuthaluru, H.B.; Eenkhoorn, S.; Kiel, J.H.A.; Veringa, H.J.

1994-12-01

106

Trace element emissions. Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Application of fossil fuels by various utilities results in the emission of trace elements to air, water and solid waste streams. Elements present in coal are released as particles or as vapours during coal combustion or gasification. Owing to the increased consumption of coal, especially for power generation, huge quantities of potentially hazardous trace elements are released into the atmosphere every year. It is necessary to evaluate the emissions of each trace element from coal-fired combustion or gasification systems, and their effects on the environment. Present research interests should be aimed at determining the sources, concentrations, and environmental impact of trace elements related with energy generation and relevant control technologies. Two of the emerging advanced coal gasification technologies, such as integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) are presently experiencing potential difficulties due to trace element emissions. In order to control the levels of these contaminants within regulatory limits and to ensure the efficient operation of fuel cells, it is necessary to determine the type and quantity of trace elements emitted from coal gasification-based systems as a function of system, operating conditions, and type of coal. The partitioning of the trace elements is influenced by the gasification conditions. In general, the following gasification conditions are expected to influence the distribution of trace elements between various product streams. (a) reducing and oxidizing environments (b) gas phase composition, pressure and temperature. The present report was aimed at finding and identifying gaps existing in the literature on the trace element transformations during gasification. Also included in the report is the modelling of relevant transformation mechanisms of the trace elements during gasification as a function of coal type and process conditions. 7 figs., 6 tabs., 69 refs

1994-01-01

107

Effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 1  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures the active strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. Studies of analytic, descriptive and qualitative designs from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted to examine what service linkages have been used in studies of collaboration in primary mental health care. Findings from the randomised trials were tabulated to show the proportion that demonstrated clinical, service delivery and economic benefits. Results A review of 119 studies found ten linkage types. Most studies used a combination of linkage types and so the 42 RCTs were grouped into four broad linkage categories for meaningful descriptive analysis of outcomes. Studies that used multiple linkage strategies from the suite of "direct collaborative activities" plus "agreed guidelines" plus "communication systems" showed positive clinical (81%, service (78% and economic (75% outcomes. Most evidence of effectiveness came from studies of depression. Long term benefits were attributed to medication concordance and the use of case managers with a professional background who received expert supervision. There were fewer randomised trials related to collaborative care of people with psychosis and there were almost none related to collaboration with the wider human service sectors. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality or attempt to weight findings according to power or effect size. Conclusion There is strong evidence to support collaborative primary mental health care for people with depression when linkages involve "direct collaborative activity", plus "agreed guidelines" and "communication systems".

Parker Sharon

2011-04-01

108

PELLETIZATION TECHNIQUES: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In present times, the pelletization technologies are gaining much attention as they represent an efficient pathway for manufacture of oral drug delivery systems. This is due to the reason that pellets offer many therapeutic, technological as well as biopharmaceutical advantages over the conventional oral dosage forms. Pelletization technique enables the formation of spherical beads or pellets with a mean diameter usually ranging from 0.5-2.0 mm which can be eventually coated for preparation of modified release dosage forms. Pelletization leads to an improvement in flowability, appearance and mixing properties thus avoiding generation of excessive dust and reducing segregation, and, generally, eliminating undesirable properties and improving the physical and chemical properties of fine powders. Pellets are produced by various techniques, such as, extrusion/ spheronization, layering, cryopelletization, freeze pelletization, spray congealing, spray drying and compression. Amongst various techniques, Extrusion/Spheronization technique is the most widely utilized technique due to its high efficiency and simple and fast processing. The aim of this paper is to review some general aspects about pellets and pelletization and some common techniques being utilized in the pharmaceutical industry.

Punia Supriya

2012-03-01

109

Cross-border reproductive care: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) has attracted considerable attention in media and professional publications. The aim of this review is to present a critical narrative overview of the published evidence on CBRC. A systematic search of key academic databases was undertaken with no time restrictions set for publication. This was supplemented by additional searches of key websites, reference chaining and enquiries to people working in the field. A total of 54 items are included in the review, including both empirical research studies (18) and debate papers (36). The key themes discussed are: terminology and definitions; incidence; experiences; explanations; implications; and policy responses. Significant methodological limitations and gaps in the literature are identified. Evidence on incidence is scant, though it suggests that CBRC is increasing. The literature suggests legal, social and political drivers, which vary in importance geographically and between individuals. Limited findings on patient perceptions suggest a broadly positive patient experience. Suggested policy responses include prohibition, regulatory harmonization and harm minimization. There is a need for better international data collection tools and both quantitative and qualitative work which encompasses views of patients, donors, surrogates and professionals and which explores the implications for healthcare services in sending countries. PMID:21498121

Hudson, Nicky; Culley, Lorraine; Blyth, Eric; Norton, Wendy; Rapport, Frances; Pacey, Allan

2011-06-01

110

Standards and infrastructure flexibility: literature review:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on a literature review the paper investigates how standards influence flexibility of information technology (IT) infrastructures. Thereby we explore the concept of flexibility, the ways of achieving it and identify the characteristics of standards that influence flexibility. The existing literature regards standards both as a stabilizer of technology and as a means to increase flexibility. We conclude that both views are well supported and do not contradict each other, and both flexibil...

Spirco, J.; Fomin, V.; Egyedi, M.

2007-01-01

111

Periacetabular Osteotomy: A Systematic Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy is commonly used to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. Although periacetabular osteotomy is becoming a more common surgical intervention to relieve pain and improve function, the strength of clinical evidence to support this procedure for these goals is not well defined in the literature. We therefore performed a systematic review of the literature to define the level of evidence for periacetabular osteotomy, to determine deformity correction, clinica...

2009-01-01

112

Reflection: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a review of the literature on reflection. The purpose was to unravel and make sense of the complex literature, and to identify the skills required to engage in reflection. An analysis of the literature revealed that differences between authors' accounts of reflective processes are largely those of terminology, detail and the extent to which these processes are arranged in a hierarchy. Key stages of reflection are identified and represented by a model. Skills required to engage in reflection were found to be implicit in the literature and these are identified. Methodological issues related to empirical literature are discussed. It is suggested that reflection is an important learning tool in professional education and that the skills required for reflection need to be developed in professional courses. PMID:8376656

Atkins, S; Murphy, K

1993-08-01

113

Four EIS Perspectives: A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A literature review of the Enterprise Information Systems literature reveals a number of recurring issues. We identify and detail four different perspectives that together categorizes the topics found. The first being a technical-rational perspective. The second being a social perspective. The third being a more political and emergent perspective. Fourth, we identify a design-oriented perspective. We categorize the literature on EIS using these four perspectives, and for each perspective we identify core issues. Finally we discuss how the four perspectives complement each other.

Pries-Heje, Jan; Svejvig, Per

114

Mashups: A Literature Review and Classification Framework  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The evolution of the Web over the past few years has fostered the growth of a handful of new technologies (e.g. Blogs, Wiki’s, Web Services. Recently web mashups have emerged as the newest Web technology and have gained lots of momentum and attention from both academic and industry communities. Current mashup literature focuses on a wide array of issues, which can be partially explained by how new the topic is. However, to date, mashup literature lacks an articulation of the different subtopics of web mashup research. This study presents a broad review of mashup literature to help frame the 1subtopics in mashup research.

Dawn Gregg

2009-12-01

115

Simulation of bioreactors. A literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A study of the relevant literature has been done with the aim of it serving as a basis for the development of an adaptive on-line simulation model for biotechnical processes. The review is limited to the bioreactor, i.e., downstream processing is not considered. Different reactor types are briefly discussed. Summaries of transfer phenomena and simple kinetic expressions are given. A chapter on general modelling principles and monitoring possibilities is included, and some simulation models presented in the literature are reviewed at the end of the study.

Saxen, B.

1991-12-31

116

Small bowel emergency surgery: literature's review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Emergency surgery of the small bowel represents a challenge for the surgeon, in the third millennium as well. There is a wide number of pathologies which involve the small bowel. The present review, by analyzing the recent and past literature, resumes the more commons. The aim of the present review is to provide the main indications to face the principal pathologies an emergency surgeon has to face with during his daily activity. PMID:21214933

Vallicelli, Carlo; Coccolini, Federico; Catena, Fausto; Ansaloni, Luca; Montori, Giulia; Di Saverio, Salomone; Pinna, Antonio D

2011-01-01

117

Small bowel emergency surgery: literature's review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Emergency surgery of the small bowel represents a challenge for the surgeon, in the third millennium as well. There is a wide number of pathologies which involve the small bowel. The present review, by analyzing the recent and past literature, resumes the more commons. The aim of the present review is to provide the main indications to face the principal pathologies an emergency surgeon has to face with during his daily activity.

Di Saverio Salomone

2011-01-01

118

Bat Algorithm: Literature Review and Applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Bat algorithm (BA) is a bio-inspired algorithm developed by Yang in 2010 and BA has been found to be very efficient. As a result, the literature has expanded significantly in the last 3 years. This paper provides a timely review of the bat algorithm and its new variants. A wide range of diverse applications and case studies are also reviewed and summarized briefly here. Further research topics are also discussed.

Yang, Xin-she

2013-01-01

119

Acknowledging the back patient : A thematic synthesis of qualitative research. A systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction: A thorough review of qualitative studies has revealed that telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. Thus, it has been the aim of this qualitative literature review to investigate what it feels like to be a back patient and what back patients consider important when dealing with the healthcare system. Methods: The method draws on James Thomas' and Angela Hardens approach in "Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews" (2008). The thematic synthesis aims to systematise and integrate findings of qualitative studies. Results: The analysis reveals that many back patients feel that their experiences and perceptions are ignored by the health professionals, who are often concerned about identifying the cause. This can result in patients feeling mistrusted, marginalised and reluctant to speak out. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. The health professionals must incorporate the patientsâ?? narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment. Conclusions: In order to acknowledge the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argues for a more process-oriented patient approach that incorporates patients' narratives as an integral and ethical part of the care and treatment.

Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene

120

TRANSPORT THROUGH CRACKED CONCRETE: LITERATURE REVIEW  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Concrete containment structures and cement-based fills and waste forms are used at the Savannah River Site to enhance the performance of shallow land disposal systems designed for containment of low-level radioactive waste. Understanding and measuring transport through cracked concrete is important for describing the initial condition of radioactive waste containment structures at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and for predicting performance of these structures over time. This report transmits the results of a literature review on transport through cracked concrete which was performed by Professor Jason Weiss, Purdue University per SRR0000678 (RFP-RQ00001029-WY). This review complements the NRC-sponsored literature review and assessment of factors relevant to performance of grouted systems for radioactive waste disposal. This review was performed by The Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses, San Antonio, TX, and The University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Scotland and was focused on tank closure. The objective of the literature review on transport through cracked concrete was to identify information in the open literature which can be applied to SRS transport models for cementitious containment structures, fills, and waste forms. In addition, the literature review was intended to: (1) Provide a framework for describing and classifying cracks in containment structures and cementitious materials used in radioactive waste disposal, (2) Document the state of knowledge and research related to transport through cracks in concrete for various exposure conditions, (3) Provide information or methodology for answering several specific questions related to cracking and transport in concrete, and (4) Provide information that can be used to design experiments on transport through cracked samples and actual structures.

Langton, C.

2012-05-11

 
 
 
 
121

Dry cooling of coke - a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The review covers the non-Russian literature (excluding patents) of roughly the past decade on the dry cooling of coke, (i.e. that noted in BCRA Review and BCRA Quarterly from the beginning of 1981 to date). The present review is divided into seven sections: (1) introduction; (2) plant design, materials, and actual installations; (3) simulation and control; (4) circulating gas composition, coke burnoff, and dust formation; (5) coke quality and its effects in the blast furnace; (6) utilization of recovered heat, and economics; and (7) environmental benefits. The review continues the BCRA practice of using the term 'dry cooling', not dry quenching as is common elsewhere as 'quenching' suggests a sudden reduction in temperature whereas the dry process involves a gradual reduction. The review is reproduced from BCRA Quarterly Review (34) p.42-72 (Jan 1992). 88 refs., 1 tab.

Edwards, D.G. (BCRA Scientific and Technical Services Limited, Chesterfield (United Kingdom))

1992-01-01

122

Disease and Stigma: A Review of Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a review of literature pertaining to disease and stigma. Specifically, a definition of stigma is provided along with an historical overview of disease and stigma and research trends related to three public health perils-AIDS, mental illness, and obesity.

Pettit, Michele L.

2008-01-01

123

Academic Integrity: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a literature review on academic integrity, which encompasses the values, behaviour and conduct of academics in all aspects of their practice. This is a growing area of academic research as a result of the expansion of higher education on a global basis and concerns about standards of professional conduct. The article maps the…

Macfarlane, Bruce; Zhang, Jingjing; Pun, Annie

2014-01-01

124

Elder Abuse: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews the literature on elder abuse and examines categories of abuse, the incidence of abuse, and characteristics of the typical abused person. Concluded that the abused person is characteristically a severely impaired woman, aged 75 and over, White, widowed, and living with relatives. (LLL)

Giordano, Nan Hervig; Giordano, Jeffrey A.

1984-01-01

125

Business Involvement in Education: Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature on business involvement in education in Canada, the United States, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan, the United Kingdom, and other European countries was reviewed. Special attention was paid to the following topics: workplace trends/changes; skill requirements/deficits; youth employment/unemployment; integration versus…

Nichols Education Consulting Group, Edmonton (Alberta).

126

High School Flexibility Enhancement: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review is intended to help inform the development and implementation of innovative, educationally sound high school redesigns in Alberta. It is provided as a support resource for school administrators involved in Alberta Education's High School Flexibility Enhancement Project. Support is provided in the following ways: (1) a brief…

Alberta Education, 2009

2009-01-01

127

A literature review on wet deposition  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The literature on wet deposition or precipitation scavenging have been reviewed with special reference to predicting the radiological consequences of accidental contamination. The work was part of the EEC Radiation Protection Programme and done under a subcontract with Association Euratom-C.E.A. No. SC-014-BIAF-423-DK(SD). (author)

1984-01-01

128

Research Methods for Comprehensive Science Literature Reviews  

Science.gov (United States)

Finding some information on most topics is easy. There are abundant sources of information readily available. However, completing a comprehensive literature review on a particular topic is often difficult, laborious, and time intensive; the project requires organization, persistence, and an understanding of the scholarly communication and…

Brown, Barry N.

2009-01-01

129

Pair Programming in Education: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a review of educational research literature focused on pair programming in the undergraduate computer science curriculum. Research suggests that the benefits of pair programming include increased success rates in introductory courses, increased retention in the major, higher quality software, higher student confidence in…

Hanks, Brian; Fitzgerald, Sue; McCauley, Renee; Murphy, Laurie; Zander, Carol

2011-01-01

130

Training Transfer: An Integrative Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the proliferation of training transfer studies in various disciplines, we provide an integrative and analytical review of factors impacting transfer of training. Relevant empirical research for transfer across the management, human resource development (HRD), training, adult learning, performance improvement, and psychology literatures is…

Burke, Lisa A.; Hutchins, Holly M.

2007-01-01

131

Remapping Place and Narrative in Native American Literature: David Treuer's "The Hiawatha"  

Science.gov (United States)

David Treuer's 1997 novel, "The Hiawatha," engages the traditional literary strategies employed by Native American writing, compares those strategies to earlier narratives (Native American and canonically American), offers a reassessment of indigenous novelistic structures, engages critical responses to tribal fiction, and does so in response to…

Kirwan, Padraig

2007-01-01

132

Investigating clinical heterogeneity in systematic reviews: a methodologic review of guidance in the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background While there is some consensus on methods for investigating statistical and methodological heterogeneity, little attention has been paid to clinical aspects of heterogeneity. The objective of this study is to summarize and collate suggested methods for investigating clinical heterogeneity in systematic reviews. Methods We searched databases (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and CONSORT, to December 2010 and reference lists and contacted experts to identify resources providing suggestions for investigating clinical heterogeneity between controlled clinical trials included in systematic reviews. We extracted recommendations, assessed resources for risk of bias, and collated the recommendations. Results One hundred and one resources were collected, including narrative reviews, methodological reviews, statistical methods papers, and textbooks. These resources generally had a low risk of bias, but there was minimal consensus among them. Resources suggested that planned investigations of clinical heterogeneity should be made explicit in the protocol of the review; clinical experts should be included on the review team; a set of clinical covariates should be chosen considering variables from the participant level, intervention level, outcome level, research setting, or others unique to the research question; covariates should have a clear scientific rationale; there should be a sufficient number of trials per covariate; and results of any such investigations should be interpreted with caution. Conclusions Though the consensus was minimal, there were many recommendations in the literature for investigating clinical heterogeneity in systematic reviews. Formal recommendations for investigating clinical heterogeneity in systematic reviews of controlled trials are required.

Gagnier Joel J

2012-07-01

133

Diagnostic imaging for spinal disorders in the elderly: a narrative review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract The high prevalence of neck and low back pain in the rapidly aging population is associated with significant increases in health care expenditure. While spinal imaging can be useful to identify less common causes of neck and back pain, overuse and misuse of imaging services has been widely reported. This narrative review aims to provide primary care providers with an overview of available imaging studies with associated potential benefits, adverse effects, and costs for the...

2012-01-01

134

Mobile phone text messaging to reduce alcohol and tobacco use in young people - a narrative review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Alcohol and tobacco use are major causes of the disease burden in most countries of the world. Mobile phone text messaging is very popular among adolescents and young adults and has the potential to deliver individualized information to large population groups at low costs. Objective: To provide a narrative review on studies testing the appropriateness and effectiveness of text messaging-based programs to reduce alcohol and tobacco use in young people. Results: Two published...

Haug, Severin

2013-01-01

135

Travelling Concepts : Review of "Travelling Concepts, Metaphors, and Narratives: Literary and Cultural Studies in an Age of Interdisciplinary Research"  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Review of "Travelling Concepts, Metaphors, and Narratives: Literary and Cultural Studies in an Age of Interdisciplinary Research" ed. by Sibylle Baumgarten, Beatrice Michaelis and Ansagar Nünning, Trier; Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2012

Simonsen, Karen-Margrethe

2013-01-01

136

Narrative Review: Evolving Concepts in Potassium Homeostasis and Hypokalemia  

Science.gov (United States)

Physiology in Medicine review article. Fluctuations of potassium would abruptly alter plasma potassium concentration if not for rapid mechanisms. This articles describes insights into the participation of feedback and feedforward control mechanisms in potassium homeostasis. Given the clinical importance of dyskalemias in patients, these novel experimental paradigms invite renewed clinical inquiry into this important area.

Megan Greenlee (University of Florida College of Medicine)

2009-06-01

137

Lithium literature review: lithium's properties and interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The lithium literature has been reviewed to provide a better understanding of the effects of lithium spills that might occur in magnetic fusion energy (MFE) facilities. Lithium may be used as a breeding blanket and reactor coolant in these facilities. Physical and chemical properties of lithium as well as the chemical interactions of lithium with various gases, metals and non-metals have been identified. A preliminary assessment of lithium-concrete reactions has been completed using differential thermal analysis. Suggestions are given for future studies in areas where literature is lacking or limited

1978-01-01

138

Extrapelvic endometriosis: report of three cases and narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Extrapelvic endometriosis is the presence of endometrialtissue distant of the uterus. The diagnosis is delay because itsprevalence is unknown and the clinic signs have many variations.Clinic suspicion is fundamental and is based in cyclic symptomsassociated with the menstrual period. Three clinic cases, one inthe cesarean scar, and two in the episiotomy scar and a review ofEnglish and Spanish publications in Medline, Proquest and Ovid are present

Eliana Maribel Quintero Roa,

2005-08-01

139

Dental materials: 1996 literature review. Part 2.  

Science.gov (United States)

This critical review of the published literature on dental materials for the year 1996 has been compiled by the Dental Materials Panel of the UK. It continues the series of annual reviews started in 1973 and published in the Journal of Dentistry. Emphasis has been placed upon publications which report upon the materials science or clinical performance of the materials. The review has been divided by accepted materials classifications (fissure sealants, glass polyalkenoate cements, dentine bonding, dental amalgam, endodontic materials, casting alloys, resin-bonded bridges and ceramo-metallic restorations, ceramics, denture base resins and soft lining materials, impression materials, implants materials, orthodontic materials, biomechanics and image processing, resin composites and casting investment materials and waxes). Three hundred and thirteen articles have been reviewed. PMID:9611932

Strang, R; Whitters, C J; Brown, D; Clarke, R L; Curtis, R V; Hatton, P V; Ireland, A J; Lloyd, C H; McCabe, J F; Nicholson, J W; Scrimgeour, S N; Setcos, J C; Sherriff, M; van Noort, R; Watts, D C; Woods, D

1998-05-01

140

Motives for barter : A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Barter is not something that was present only before invention of money. Even Fortune 500 companies are involved in barter. The most common bartered goods and services are media and travel. As the amount of barter increases even in the U.S., it is worth investigating the reasons why organizations use barter. The paper provides a literature review of barter motives digested from academic journal articles covered in the Web of Science and EBSCO databases. The review includes also drivers that are specific for developing countries.

Sudzina, Frantisek

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Narrative methods in quality improvement research.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews and critiques the different approaches to the use of narrative in quality improvement research. The defining characteristics of narrative are chronology (unfolding over time); emplotment (the literary juxtaposing of actions and events in an implicitly causal sequence); trouble (that is, harm or the risk of harm); and embeddedness (the personal story nests within a particular social, historical and organisational context). Stories are about purposeful action unfolding in the face of trouble and, as such, have much to offer quality improvement researchers. But the quality improvement report (a story about efforts to implement change), which is common, must be distinguished carefully from narrative based quality improvement research (focused systematic enquiry that uses narrative methods to generate new knowledge), which is currently none. We distinguish four approaches to the use of narrative in quality improvement research--narrative interview; naturalistic story gathering; organisational case study; and collective sense-making--and offer a rationale, describe how data can be collected and analysed, and discuss the strengths and limitations of each using examples from the quality improvement literature. Narrative research raises epistemological questions about the nature of narrative truth (characterised by sense-making and emotional impact rather than scientific objectivity), which has implications for how rigour should be defined (and how it might be achieved) in this type of research. We offer some provisional guidance for distinguishing high quality narrative research in a quality improvement setting from other forms of narrative account such as report, anecdote, and journalism. PMID:16326792

Greenhalgh, T; Russell, J; Swinglehurst, D

2005-12-01

142

Review of dissolved gas supersaturation literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Dissolved gas supersaturation is a condition that results from natural and human-caused processes. Supersaturation can result in gas bubble disease which has been described in a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates. In recent years dissolved gas supersaturation resulting from dams and thermal discharges has produced mortalities of fish in several cases. This review discusses most of the available literature dealing with dissolved gas supersaturation and the recorded cases of gas bubble disease.

Weitkamp, D.E. (Parametrix, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Katz, M.

1980-11-01

143

Hepatoblastoma in Adult: Review of the Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study is to review and retrieve data on adult hepatoblastoma (HB) from English literatures in order to gain a better understanding of this disease. We performed Medline, PubMed (from January 1966 to February 2008), and library searches (National Science and Technology Library, Beijing, China, and Wenzhou Medical College Library, from January 1980 to February 2008) using the key words hepatoblastoma in adult, hepatic tumor, hepatoblastoma and adult. Previously reported HB cases were colle...

Zheng, Ming Hua; Zhang, Lei; Gu, Dian Na; Shi, Hong Qi; Zeng, Qi Qiang; Chen, Yong Ping

2009-01-01

144

Myxedema Ascites: Case Report and Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Myxedema ascites caused by hypothyroidism is rare, so its diagnosis is often delayed and patients frequently receive unnecessary procedures such as liver biopsies and exploratory laparotomies. We report a 71-yr-old man with clinical ascites that was the first manifestation of hypothyroidism, and which resolved completely in response to thyroid hormone replacement therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first report of myxedema ascites in Korea. A review of the literature revealed 51 well-docum...

2006-01-01

145

Towards Sustainable Facility Location – A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Facility location methods play a crucial role in specifying the optimum location options for various types of facilities. A question that arises is what makes a facility location decision a sustainable one? Facility location, also known as location analysis, is a known concept in the literature, but sustainable facility location is not. This requires appropriately defining the concept and framing the problem in order to address the relevant issues. Facility location models in the existing literature do not effectively include all the requirements of sustainable development. This paper serves as a discussion of the current literature concerning the sustainability aspects of the location problem. The aim is to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the characteristics of the sustainable facility location problem and propose a framework for classification of sustainability characteristics. The study shows that the location literature has steadily progressed toward considering not only economic but also social and environmental criteria in location decisions; but that many steps remain to be taken toward developing location models that integrate all three aspects of sustainability into decision making. The main motivation for the current study is to provide a foundation from which issues of sustainable development can be built into facility location and siting models.

Seyyed Amin Terouhid

2012-06-01

146

Promoting volunteer capacity in hospice palliative care: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hospice volunteers play an essential role in the primary care network for end of life. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence on hospice volunteers published between 2002 and July 2012. An electronic search of PubMed, CINAHL and PsychINFO using controlled vocabulary, and a reference scan, yielded 54 studies focusing on hospice volunteers. Studies were primarily descriptive using quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. Findings from studies were grouped thematically into descriptions of the work of hospice volunteers; recruitment, preparation and retention of hospice volunteers; and perspectives and outcomes of the volunteer role. A substantial body of evidence exists describing the roles, stresses and rewards of hospice volunteering. Less is known about how to adequately recruit, prepare and retain volunteers. A small but intriguing body of evidence exists around volunteers' contributions to family satisfaction and patient longevity. Although the evidence around hospice volunteers continues to grow, there is an urgent need for further research. Findings indicate that volunteers make important contributions to high quality end of life care. However, more focused research attention is required to better understand how to maximize this contribution while providing better support for volunteers. PMID:23277631

Pesut, Barbara; Hooper, Brenda; Lehbauer, Suzanne; Dalhuisen, Miranda

2014-02-01

147

Coherence of Personal Narratives across the Lifespan: A Multidimensional Model and Coding Method  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model integrates context, chronology, and theme as essential dimensions of personal narrative coherence, each of which relies upon different developmental achieve...

2011-01-01

148

Nurse Caring: A Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to review the literature on caring among nurses. The approach utilized studies on nurse caring behaviors in a variety of patient care settings. Articles published between 1987-2012 in the CINAHL, Medline, and PubMed databases were used. Overall, fourteen different articles were deemed relevant and were included in the review. The review articles were grouped into three categories which were Acute/Surgical, Community/Institutionalized, and Postpartum/Childbirth. In conclusion, human needs assistance was a consistent aspect of caring valued by patients.  We recommend that nurses learn their patient’s likes and dislikes while also providing for topics related to patient physical needs. Also when caring for children, nurses should use entertainment and humor as part of their caring approach. 

Danita R. Potter

2013-01-01

149

Instrumentation of dental implants: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction and Objective: The aim of this study was to review the literature on the systems used to decontaminate the implant’s surface. Different instruments have been proposed, but there is no agreement in the literature about which methods would be more efficient with no damage to the implant surface. It was reported the use of plastic, carbon fiber, stainless-steel and titanium curettes and also the use of other systems such as ultrasonic points with different tips, rubber cups and air abrasion. Literature review: In most of the studies, the injury caused on the titanium surface at the time of instrumentation was examined. In others, the cell adhesion on the titanium dental implants following instrumentation of the implant surface was observed. Moreover, to enhance cleaning around implants, ultrasonic systems were recently tested. Conclusion: Metal instruments can lead to major damage to implant surface, therefore, they are not indicated for decontamination of dental implants surfaces. Furthermore, non-metallic instruments, such as plastic curettes, rubber cups, air abrasion and some ultrasonic systems seem to be better choices to remove calculus and plaque of the sub- and supra-gingival peri-implant area. It is noteworthy that more studies evaluating the effects of these systems are required to establish best practices to be used in the treatment of patients with dental implants.

Fabiana de Almeida Curylofo

2013-03-01

150

Social Marketing and Breastfeeding: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aims: Through the review of relevant literature this study illuminates the concepts of social marketing and breastfeeding. It specifically discusses the positioning of the link between social marketing and breastfeeding within different fields of study and develops a theoretical framework that tries to bridge the gap between those disciplines. Method: Various electronic databases were used and through systematic selection 11 scientific articles were identified that this literature review is based on. Results: The review indicates that the relationship between social marketing and breastfeeding is complex. There are indications that this relationship is being investigated within three distinct fields of research: psychology/education, public health and marketing. Depending on the research field the emphasis is put on either breastfeeding or social marketing as well as on the other concepts that were discovered to be of importance within this relationship. Namely, group and individual demography as well as behaviour were revealed to be important elements of the link between social marketing and breastfeeding. Conclusions: Based on the results this study concludes that a more multidimensional view on the relationship between the concepts under study is needed since the focus of previous studies is very one-sided and limited to just one element when all elements should be integrated equally.

Manuela Schmidt

2013-01-01

151

A literature review of safety culture.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Workplace safety has been historically neglected by organizations in order to enhance profitability. Over the past 30 years, safety concerns and attention to safety have increased due to a series of disastrous events occurring across many different industries (e.g., Chernobyl, Upper Big-Branch Mine, Davis-Besse etc.). Many organizations have focused on promoting a healthy safety culture as a way to understand past incidents, and to prevent future disasters. There is an extensive academic literature devoted to safety culture, and the Department of Energy has also published a significant number of documents related to safety culture. The purpose of the current endeavor was to conduct a review of the safety culture literature in order to understand definitions, methodologies, models, and successful interventions for improving safety culture. After reviewing the literature, we observed four emerging themes. First, it was apparent that although safety culture is a valuable construct, it has some inherent weaknesses. For example, there is no common definition of safety culture and no standard way for assessing the construct. Second, it is apparent that researchers know how to measure particular components of safety culture, with specific focus on individual and organizational factors. Such existing methodologies can be leveraged for future assessments. Third, based on the published literature, the relationship between safety culture and performance is tenuous at best. There are few empirical studies that examine the relationship between safety culture and safety performance metrics. Further, most of these studies do not include a description of the implementation of interventions to improve safety culture, or do not measure the effect of these interventions on safety culture or performance. Fourth, safety culture is best viewed as a dynamic, multi-faceted overall system composed of individual, engineered and organizational models. By addressing all three components of safety culture, organizations have a better chance of understanding, evaluating, and making positive changes towards safety within their own organization.

Cole, Kerstan Suzanne; Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Wenner, Caren A.

2013-03-01

152

Thoughts about conceptual models, theories, and literature reviews.  

Science.gov (United States)

This essay focuses on various types of literature reviews, including scoping reviews, realist reviews, and integrative reviews. As contributions to understanding the state of nursing science about a particular topic, each literature review should be but rarely is guided by a nursing conceptual model, and the research findings should be but rarely are interpreted as theories that were generated or tested. Examples that are exceptions to usual literature reviews are given. PMID:23818479

Fawcett, Jacqueline

2013-07-01

153

Acknowledging the back patient : A thematic synthesis of Qualitative research. A systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract NOF 2014 Acknowledging the back patient. A thematic synthesis of qualitative research. A systematic literature review. Introduction: Back conditions and back pain rank among the most common causes of reduced working capacity and lengthy, challenging and costly illness trajectories and are associated with heavy personal costs and hospitalisations. Thus, it has been the aim of this qualitative literature review to investigate what it feels like to be a back patient and what back patients consider important when dealing with the healthcare system. Methods: The thematic synthesis aims to systematise and integrate findings of qualitative studies. The method draws on Thomas' and Hardens approach in "Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews" (2008). Results: The analysis reveals that many back patients feel that their experiences and perceptions are ignored by the health professionals, who are often concerned about identifying the cause. This can result in patients feeling mistrusted, marginalised and reluctant to speak out. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. The health professionals must incorporate the patientsâ?? narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment. Conclusions: In order to acknowledge the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argues for a more process-oriented patient approach that incorporates patients' narratives as an integral and ethical part of the care and treatment.

Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene

154

A review of dissolved gas supersaturation literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Gas bubble disease in a condition that affects aquatic animals residing in fresh or marine waters that are supersaturated with atmospheric gases. The majority of research concerning dissolved gas supersaturation has been stimulated by a serious supersaturation problem that was first observed in the Columbia and Snake river systems in 1970. Available literature dealing with dissolved gas supersaturation and recorded cases of gas bubble disease are reviewed. The causes of supersaturation, the organisms affected by supersaturation, factors influencing susceptibility of aquatic organisms to gas bubble disease, and various other related topics are explored.

Weitkamp, D.E.; Katz, M.

1980-11-01

155

Iron sulfide crystal growth: a literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Iron pyrite (FeS_2) is often found on trays and in heat exchangers in Girdler-Sulfide (G.S.) plants used to extract D_2O from fresh water. A critical review of the literature was made to find: (i) what is known about FeS_2 crystal growth; (ii) which techniques could be used to study FeS_2 crystal growth experimentally; (iii) potential chemical additives that could be used in trace amounts to poison FeS_2 crystals and reduce their growth rate in G.S. plants. (author)

1977-01-01

156

Thoracic splenosis. Case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thoracic splenosis is the autotransplantation of splenic tissue into the thoracic cavity after thoracoabdominal trauma. We report a case of thoracic splenosis in a 35-year-old woman who had had a thoracoabdominal gunshot wound 12 years earlier. A review of the literature revealed 15 cases already reported. All patients had an asymptomatic thoracic lesion discovered on a plain chest film 9 to 32 years (mean 16) after the initial accident. In 13 cases an operation was necessary to establish the diagnosis. In two cases technetium 99m and indium 111 scans established the diagnosis. PMID:2299876

Roucos, S; Tabet, G; Jebara, V A; Ghossain, M A; Biagini, J; Saade, B

1990-02-01

157

Otorhinolaryngologic manifestations of cystic fibrosis: literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Cystic Fibrosis is the most common recessive autosomic genetic disease among Caucasians. It's caused by mutations in the gene that decodes regulatory protein for transmembrane conductance, resulting in defective transport of chlorine. Objective: Review the literature about Cystic Fibrosis, with emphasis on otorhinolaryngologic manifestations. Method: The online Pub Med databases were researched and we applied the following search terms Fibrosis Cystic and Sinusitis, and Mucoviscidosis and Sinusitis. Conclusions: Although it is not the main cause of death, the otorhinolaryngologic manifestations of the Cystic Fibrosis bring important morbidity to these patients.

Carvalho, Carolina Pimenta

2008-12-01

158

Effective shift handover - a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report reviews available literature on the topic of shift handover. The topic is defined and the task of controlling complex systems is examined, with particular reference to the offshore industry. Relevant theoretical work on effective communication is described and implications for effective communication at shift handover are drawn. The report then examines published accidents/incidents, where failures of communication at shift handover were amongst the contributory causal factors. Lessons from these incidents for effective shift handover are also explored. Various studies and surveys which have sought to understand and improve the process of shift handover are then described. Finally, existing guidance on shift handover is analysed and compared to knowledge which has been identified elsewhere in the review. (author)

Lardner, R.

1996-06-01

159

A literature review on innovation management tools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of a complex phenomenon such as innovation, influences and effects of which are tangible in manifold contexts, traditionally requires the integration of different levels of analysis and the interaction among distant disciplines. The enterprise appears to be the fundamental agent of economic change; in this context, innovation, by intervening in the sphere of technology, constitutes a fundamental dimension also for social change. In addition, it interacts in the circle of a complex matrix of cultural, economic and institutional factors which are the base of social and economical evolution. In this context, the research questions (RQ investigated by the authors are: “what is innovation?” [RQ 1] and “which are the main evolutions of innovation management models?” [RQ 2]. Literature on this matter has exponentially evolved in recent years. Nevertheless, innovation literature presents a large heterogeneity of results, while the innovation process concept itself is still poorly understood. In order to investigate the first research question, authors review forms and structures of innovation models developed throughout the years. At the end a discussion on the characteristics of literature evolution, through a strength-weakness analysis, is presented by the authors.

Marco Botarelli

2008-12-01

160

Regional Innovation Systems: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Though various authors have offered reviews of the Regional Innovation Systems (RIS literature and some have described their personal intellectual voyage amongst the building blocks that constitute this area of scientific enquiry (for example, Cooke 2008, these often illuminating illustrations are nonetheless subjective and, thus, suffer from biases which pertain to the actor performing the analysis. The study proposed in this paper aims to overcome the aforementioned limitation by elaborating an objective review of the main contributions to the RIS field of research, highlighting the main themes studied and the principal approaches followed. The analysis has been conducted following the Author Co-citation method, applied to the literature regarding RIS present in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI of Thomson-ISI in the time span from 1990 to 2009. The results allow to trace an overview of how the RIS research area is actually composed, identifying six main research themes which characterize the field and varied approaches according to which each theme has been analyzed. Main contributions are positioned against each other in order to foster an increase in efforts from future research.

Giorgia M. D'Allura

2012-10-01

 
 
 
 
161

Pathogenesis of Apical Periodontitis: a Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: This review article discusses the host response in apical periodontitis with the main focus on cytokines, produced under this pathological condition and contributing to the degradation of periradicular tissues. The pace of research in this field has greatly accelerated in the last decade. Here we provide an analysis of studies published in this area during this period.Material and methods: Literature was selected through a search of PubMed electronic database. The keywords used for search were pathogenesis of apical periodontitis cytokines, periapical granuloma cytokines, inflammatory infiltrate apical periodontitis. The search was restricted to English language articles, published from 1999 to December 2010. Additionally, a manual search in the cytokine production, cytokine functions and periapical tissue destruction in the journals and books was performed.Results: In total, 97 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. The topics covered in this article include cellular composition of an inflammatory infiltrate in the periapical lesions, mechanisms of the formation of the innate and specific immune response. Studies which investigated cytokine secretion and functions were identified and cellular and molecular interactions in the course of apical periodontitis described.Conclusions: The abundance and interactions of various inflammatory and anti-inflammatory molecules can influence and alter the state and progression of the disease. Therefore, periapical inflammatory response offers a model, suited for the study of many facets of pathogenesis, biocompatibility of different materials to periapical tissues and development of novel treatment methods, based on the regulation of cytokines expression.

Indre Graunaite

2011-09-01

162

Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of the Effectiveness of Contraceptive Service Interventions for Young People, Delivered in Health Care Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

A systematic review and narrative synthesis to determine the effectiveness of contraception service interventions for young people delivered in health care premises was undertaken. We searched 12 key health and medical databases, reference lists of included papers and systematic reviews and cited reference searches on included articles. All…

Blank, Lindsay; Baxter, Susan K.; Payne, Nick; Guillaume, Louise R.; Squires, Hazel

2012-01-01

163

Harmful effects of shisha: literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

Tobacco is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. A recently infamous way of smoking tobacco is shisha. Shisha smoking is also known as water pipe, hookah and Narghile smoking. The percentage of shisha smokers is on the rise rapidly spanning the globe. A literature review was conducted to identify all evidence on the epidemiological variations and health effects of shisha smoking. “Pub med” is used as a searching tool to identify all relevant empirical studies conducted worldwide. A qualitative overview of evidence is presented. Exposure to Shisha smoking is significantly associated with low infant weight, heart rate variations, hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Increased risk of carcinoma is also leagued with it including carcinomas of the pancreas and lung being at the forefront. In conclusion, this review identifies grounds of several adverse conditions being associated with the habit of shisha smoking. It also evaluates the relevant epidemiological variations around the globe. The review culminates in the importance of enlightening shisha smokers regarding its deleterious effects.

2014-01-01

164

Harmful effects of shisha: literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tobacco is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. A recently infamous way of smoking tobacco is shisha. Shisha smoking is also known as water pipe, hookah and Narghile smoking. The percentage of shisha smokers is on the rise rapidly spanning the globe. A literature review was conducted to identify all evidence on the epidemiological variations and health effects of shisha smoking. "Pub med" is used as a searching tool to identify all relevant empirical studies conducted worldwide. A qualitative overview of evidence is presented. Exposure to Shisha smoking is significantly associated with low infant weight, heart rate variations, hyperglycemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Increased risk of carcinoma is also leagued with it including carcinomas of the pancreas and lung being at the forefront. In conclusion, this review identifies grounds of several adverse conditions being associated with the habit of shisha smoking. It also evaluates the relevant epidemiological variations around the globe. The review culminates in the importance of enlightening shisha smokers regarding its deleterious effects. PMID:24708750

Aslam, Hafiz Muhammad; Saleem, Shafaq; German, Sidra; Qureshi, Wardah Asif

2014-01-01

165

Reviewing Literature to Inform Policy: Some Complexities and Tensions  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on the experience of carrying out a literature review commissioned to support the Review of Teacher Education in Scotland, this paper discusses the role of literature reviews within the movement for "evidence-based policy" making. The first part of the paper discusses the purposes of such reviews and some of the misconceptions that may be…

Menter, Ian; Hulme, Moira

2012-01-01

166

Recovery of Navy distillate fuel from reclaimed product. Volume II. Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In an effort to assist the Navy to better utilize its waste hydrocarbons, NIPER, with support from the US Department of Energy, is conducting research designed to ultimately develop a practical technique for converting Reclaimed Product (RP) into specification Naval Distillate Fuel (F-76). This first phase of the project was focused on reviewing the literature and available information from equipment manufacturers. The literature survey has been carefully culled for methodology applicable to the conversion of RP into diesel fuel suitable for Navy use. Based upon the results of this study, a second phase has been developed and outlined in which experiments will be performed to determine the most practical recycling technologies. It is realized that the final selection of one particular technology may be site-specific due to vast differences in RP volume and available facilities. A final phase, if funded, would involve full-scale testing of one of the recommended techniques at a refueling depot. The Phase I investigations are published in two volumes. Volume 1, Technical Discussion, includes the narrative and Appendices I and II. Appendix III, a detailed Literature Review, includes both a narrative portion and an annotated bibliography containing about 800 references and abstracts. This appendix, because of its volume, has been published separately as Volume 2.

Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.

1984-11-01

167

Transportation Shock and Vibration Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report fulfills the M4 milestone M4FT-13OR08220112, "Report Documenting Experimental Activities." The purpose of this report is to document the results of a literature review conducted of studies related to the vibration and shock associated with the normal conditions of transport for rail shipments of used nuclear fuel from commercial light-water reactors. As discussed in Adkins (2013), the objective of this report is to determine if adequate data exist that would enable the impacts of the shock and vibration associated with the normal conditions of transport on commercial light-water reactor used nuclear fuel shipped in current generation rail transportation casks to be realistically modeled.

Maheras, Steven J.; Lahti, Erik A.; Ross, Steven B.

2013-06-06

168

[Elderly maltreatment: integrative review of the literature].  

Science.gov (United States)

The study aimed to identify, through an integrative literature review, scientific knowledge, produced between 2005 and 2009 about the mistreatment of the elderly. It was selected sixteen studies in the data banks LILACS, SciELO and BDENF. Of the sixteen studies, 56.25% comprised original articles. The journal that published the most was the Public Health Journal (25%), being the majority of the studies from the Southeast (56.25%). The survey revealed that the physical violence was prevalent among the elderly; the home was the environment where aggression occurs more frequently; and family members were the main aggressors. Among the elderly attacked, it was observed that women are the victims most affected. These findings raise the development of other researches that might clarify the multiple dimensions of violence against the elderly. PMID:23681391

Oliveira, Annelissa Andrade Virgínio de; Trigueiro, Debora Raquel Soares Guedes; Fernandes, Maria das Graças Melo; Silva, Antonia Oliveira

2013-01-01

169

Mozart ear: diagnosis, treatment, and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mozart ear is a congenital auricular deformity, which is mainly characterized by a bulging appearance of the anterosuperior portion of the auricle, a convexly protruded cavum conchae, and a slit-like narrowing of the orifice of the external auditory meatus. It is said to be uncommon, and because no one has yet fully described neither the disease nor the treatment, the concept of Mozart ear has not been unified. This report describes a case of a 13-year-old girl presented with an unusual congenital deformity which showed the features of Mozart ear. It is an extremely rare deformity that only about 4 clinical cases have been reported in medical literature thereby a treatment method has not been fully discussed. For surgical correction of our cases, we excised deformed conchal cartilage, turned it over, regrafted, and maintained a cosmetically positive result. We also reviewed and described the origin, current concept, and treatment method of Mozart ear. PMID:21587051

Yamashita, Ken; Yotsuyanagi, Takatoshi; Saito, Tamotsu; Isogai, Noritaka; Mori, Hiromasa; Itani, Yoshihito

2011-11-01

170

Queilitis: Revisión bibliográfica / Cheilitis: Literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realiza una actualización bibliográfica de la queilitis, en la que se analizan las formas clínicas más generales de su presentación. Se muestran los datos recogidos de mayor interés sobre su sinonimia, clasificación, etiología y patogenia. Se muestran los diferentes métodos terapéuticos utilizado [...] s incluyendo la medicina natural y tradicional, la homeopatía y el láser como alternativas de tratamiento. Abstract in english A literature review of cheilitis was made in which the most general clinical forms of presentation were analyzed. Interesting data on synonyms, classification, etiology and pathogeny were presented. Various therapeutic methods including herb and traditional medicine, homeopathy and laser technique w [...] ere offered as treatment options.

García López, Eneida; Blanco Ruiz, Antonio O.; Rodríguez García, Luis Orlando; Reyes Fundora, Delis; Sotres Vázquez, Jorge.

171

Dense plasma focus - a literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The dense plasma focus (DPF) is a convenient source of short, intense neutron pulses, and dense, high temperature plasma. This review of the literature on the DPF indicates that its operation is still not understood, and attempts to show where the present data is either inadequate or inconsistent. Because the plasma conditions and neutron and x-ray fluxes vary from shot to shot, it is maintained that, to resolve inconsistencies in the present data, spectra need to be measured with energy and time resolution simultaneously, and cannot be built up from a large number of shots. Time resolutions of the order of 1 nsec for pulse lengths of about 100 nsec make these requirements especially difficult. Some theoretical models are presented for the neutron output and its spectrum, but no self-consistent description of the plasma in the focus region is likely for some time. (author)

1976-01-01

172

Subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral vasospasm - literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Subarachnoid hemorrhage represents a serious disease with high mortality and morbidity. Two important areas are becoming the central research interest of subarachnoid hemorrhage: cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury. The authors have reviewed the major contributions in experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage documented in the medical literature in the past 5 years. Treatments interfering with nitric oxide - or endothelin-pathways continue to show antispasmotic effects in experimental models of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Inflammation and oxidative stress play a vital role in the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm. Apoptosis, a relevant cause of early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage, also underline the etiology of cerebral vasospasm. Future research studies will continue to elucidate the pathophysiological pathways and treatment modalities targeting cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury, enabling an improvement in outcome for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:23904869

Ciurea, A V; Palade, C; Voinescu, D; Nica, D A

2013-06-15

173

Subarachnoid hemorrhage and cerebral vasospasm - Literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

Subarachnoid hemorrhage represents a serious disease with high mortality and morbidity. Two important areas are becoming the central research interest of subarachnoid hemorrhage: cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury. The authors have reviewed the major contributions in experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage documented in the medical literature in the past 5 years. Treatments interfering with nitric oxide - or endothelin-pathways continue to show antispasmotic effects in experimental models of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Inflammation and oxidative stress play a vital role in the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm. Apoptosis, a relevant cause of early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage, also underline the etiology of cerebral vasospasm. Future research studies will continue to elucidate the pathophysiological pathways and treatment modalities targeting cerebral vasospasm and early brain injury, enabling an improvement in outcome for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Ciurea, AV; Palade, C; Voinescu, D; Nica, DA

2013-01-01

174

Pseudomyxoma peritonei: a review of current literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pseudomyxoma peritonei is an unusual condition more common in females, in which massive amounts of mucinous ascites in conjunction with mucinous peritoneal and omental implants occur. We performed a MEDLINE search of the English-language literature from 1966 to June 2000, utilizing the key words pseudomyxoma peritonei. All case reports, series and studies regarding this condition were reviewed. Cross-referencing was also performed. The etiology and treatment of this condition are currently controversial. Most investigators agree that surgical debulking and appendectomy are adequate initial therapeutic measures. The role of intraperitoneal chemotherapy, radiotherapy or application of mucolytic therapy remains uncertain. Recent molecular genetic studies suggest the appendix as the organ of primary origin of this disease. PMID:11223697

Sherer, D M; Abulafia, O; Eliakim, R

2001-01-01

175

Software ecosystems â?? a systematic literature review.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A software ecosystem is the interaction of a set of actors on top of a common technological platform that results in a number of software solutions or services. Arguably, software ecosystems are gaining importance with the advent of, e.g., the Google Android, Apache, and Salesforce.com ecosystems. However, there exists no systematic overview of the research done on software ecosystems from a software engineering perspective. We performed a systematic literature review of software ecosystem research, analyzing 90 papers on the subject taken from a gross collection of 420. Our main conclusions are that while research on software ecosystems is increasing (a) there is little consensus on what constitutes a software ecosystem, (b) few analytical models of software ecosystems exist, and (c) little research is done in the context of real-world ecosystems. This work provides an overview of the field, while identifying areas for future research.

Manikas, Konstantinos; Hansen, Klaus Marius

2013-01-01

176

UNDERSTANDING OF SUPPLY CHAIN: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Supply Chain Management is a network of facilities that produce raw materials, transform them into intermediate goods and then final products, and deliver the products to customers through a distributionsystem. The management of the supply chain and the roles of various actors involved differ from industry to industry and company to company. As a result Supply Chain Management (SCM has become a vital issue for manufacturers, professionals and researchers. It is felt that to manage the supply chain effectively entire structure of upply chain must be understood properly. This paper attempts to rovide the reader a complete picture of supply chain management through a systematic literature review. It presents main activities of supply chain and the step-by-step approach for understanding a complete picture of supply chain.

Rajendra Kumar Shukla,

2011-03-01

177

Intraoperative radiotherapy in breast cancer: literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A literature review was performed on intraoperative radiotherapy of breast cancer. The strength and attractiveness is established of techniques of partial irradiation in the treatment of breast cancer. The benefit is originated to restrict the area immediate of radiotherapy to the tumor bed or quadrant index and identifying the benefit of being applied during the radiotherapy while surgical lumpectomy. The impact of local recurrence has been established using intraoperative radiotherapy. The advantages of intraoperative radiotherapy was compared in the management of the conservative surgery in early stages of breast cancer with external radiotherapy. Different methods of intraoperative radiotherapy have been compared and individual impact on local recurrence ranges. Intraoperative radiotherapy has had many advantages: radiobiological, technical, clinical, psychological and economical in the handling of conservative surgery in early stages of breast cancer, compared with external radiotherapy

2013-01-01

178

Integrated literature review of postdischarge telephone calls.  

Science.gov (United States)

This systematic review of the literature assessed the impact of a postdischarge telephone call on patient outcomes. Nineteen articles met inclusion criteria. Data were extracted and an evidence table was developed. The content, timing, and professional placing the call varied across studies. Study strength was low and findings were inconsistent. Measures varied across studies, many sample sizes were small, and studies differed by patient population. Evidence is inconclusive for use of phone calls to decrease readmission, emergency department use, patient satisfaction, scheduled and unscheduled follow-up, and physical and emotional well-being. Among these studies, there was limited support for medication-focused calls by pharmacists but no support for decreasing readmission. Health care providers benefited from feedback but did not need to place the call to realize this benefit. Inpatient nurses were unable to manage the volume of calls. There was no standardized approach to the call, training, or documentation requirements. PMID:23833254

Bahr, Sarah J; Solverson, Susan; Schlidt, Andrea; Hack, Deborah; Smith, Jeri Lynn; Ryan, Polly

2014-01-01

179

Wipe sampling - review of the literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Methods for characterization of solid, non-compactable radioactive wastes contaminated in the surface are developed aiming at estimating the waste radioisotopic inventory for regulatory compliance and operational purposes. The wastes of interest here are mainly composed of plastic, metallic, or other materials parts originated in the decommissioning and maintenance operations of nuclear facilities. One way of measuring surface contamination is the indirect method of wiping the contaminated surface and counting the wipe, a common method of detecting non-fixed contamination in the radiation protection routine. The wipe sampling is an important tool in controlling the quality of the workplace in nuclear and radioactive facilities. Although radioprotection regulations establish quantitative limits, the practice in the radiation protection routine is to use wipe sampling as a qualitative measurement. To product useful quantitative results for inventorying radioactive wastes, a quantitative approach must be adopted. A previous paper presented by the authors in the last INAC Conference discussed alternative wipe materials and protocols. The method of wipe sampling underwent small changes since it started to be used but still is the object of study, as it is attested by many recent papers and patents on the subject. This article consists of a literature review. Results of a survey in the literature about wipe sampling techniques that can be applied to waste characterization are presented. (author)

Souza, Daiane Cristini Barbosa de; Vicente, Roberto, E-mail: dcsouza@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-07-01

180

Reconstruction of sternal defect - a literature review.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

OBJECTIVES: The management of sternal defects arisen after deep sternal wound infection is challenging and often requires extensive interdisciplinary teamwork between plastic and thoracic surgeons. In this study, the published literature on methods used to reconstruct sternal defects arisen as a result of deep sternal wound infection after open-heart surgery will be reviewed. DESIGN: The Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and SveMed+ databases were searched in December 2011. Only papers regarding treatment of deep sternal wound infection after open-heart surgery in adults were included. RESULTS: The literature search identified 224 original papers that met the inclusion criteria. The majority dealt with surgical techniques. None of the studies regarding reconstructive options were designed as randomized controlled trials, and the levels of evidence are generally low. CONCLUSION: The treatment of deep sternal wound infection has evolved considerably, but there is still little consensus regarding optimal surgicalmanagement and a general lack of a standard treatment protocol. The use of muscle flap transposition is well documented. Recent studies recommend the use of topical negative pressure therapy as an adjunct to surgical reconstruction.

Juhl, Alexander Andersen; Koudahl, Vibeke

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Wipe sampling - review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Methods for characterization of solid, non-compactable radioactive wastes contaminated in the surface are developed aiming at estimating the waste radioisotopic inventory for regulatory compliance and operational purposes. The wastes of interest here are mainly composed of plastic, metallic, or other materials parts originated in the decommissioning and maintenance operations of nuclear facilities. One way of measuring surface contamination is the indirect method of wiping the contaminated surface and counting the wipe, a common method of detecting non-fixed contamination in the radiation protection routine. The wipe sampling is an important tool in controlling the quality of the workplace in nuclear and radioactive facilities. Although radioprotection regulations establish quantitative limits, the practice in the radiation protection routine is to use wipe sampling as a qualitative measurement. To product useful quantitative results for inventorying radioactive wastes, a quantitative approach must be adopted. A previous paper presented by the authors in the last INAC Conference discussed alternative wipe materials and protocols. The method of wipe sampling underwent small changes since it started to be used but still is the object of study, as it is attested by many recent papers and patents on the subject. This article consists of a literature review. Results of a survey in the literature about wipe sampling techniques that can be applied to waste characterization are presented. (author)

2011-10-24

182

Zirconia: cementation of prosthetic restorations. Literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

SUMMARY Aim of the work Aim of the work was to execute a review of the international literature about the cementation of zirconia restorations, analyzing the properties of the cements most commonly used in clinical activities. Materials and methods It was performed, through PubMed, a bibliographic search on the international literature of the last 10 years using the following limits: studies in English, in vitro studies, randomized clinical trial, reviews, meta-analysis, guide-lines. Were excluded from the search: descriptive studies, case reports, discussion articles, opinion’s leader. Results From studies results that common surface treatments (silanization, acid etching) are ineffective on zirconia because it has an inert surface without glassy component (on which this surface treatments act primarily), instead the sandblasting at 1atm with aluminium oxide (Al2O3) results significantly effective for the resulting roughening that increase the surface energy and the wettability of the material. Furthermore it has been shown that zinc phosphate-based cements, Bis-GMA-based and glass-ionomer cements can’t guarantee a stable long-term adhesion, instead resin cements containing phosphate monomer 10-methacryloyloxyidecyl-dihyidrogenphosphate (MDP) have shown higher adhesion and stability values than the other cements. In particular, it has seen that bond strength of zirconia copings on dentin, using MDP-based cement, is about 6,9MPa; this value is comparable to that obtained with gold copings cementation. Conclusions Analyzed studies have led to the following conclusions: sandblasting with aluminium oxide (Al2O3) is the best surface treatment to improve adhesion between resin cements and zirconia; resin cements containing phosphate ester monomers 10-methacryloyloxyidecyl-dihyidrogenphosphate (MDP) have shown in the studies an higher bond strength and stability after ageing treatment; the best procedure for cementing zirconia restorations results the combination of sandblasting with aluminium oxide (Al2O3) at 50?m and MDP-based cements.

GARGARI, M.; GLORIA, F.; NAPOLI, E.; PUJIA, A.M.

2011-01-01

183

Peace Education through Bilingual Children's Literature Written in Arabic and in Hebrew: Different Narratives, Different Socialization  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research has been to evaluate the contribution of the emerging Israeli genre of bilingual literature, Arabic and Hebrew, to peace education. Since Israeli society is a multicultural one comprised of two nations, Arabs and Jews who live in an environment of conflict, one must regard those textbooks as political socialization agents.…

Zamir, Sara

2012-01-01

184

Folk Literature of the Warao Indians; Narrative Material and Motif Content.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Latin American Center, University of California at Los Angeles, presents a collection of the folk literature of the "boat people," the Warao Indians of the Orinoco Delta of Venezuela and Guyana. According to Professor Johannes Wilbert and other anthropologists, "the inaccessibility of their habitat has preserved their tribal culture to this…

Wilbert, Johannes

185

CUBOID SYNDROME: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this review was to inform all medical health care professionals about cuboid syndrome, which has been described as difficult to recognize and is commonly misdiagnosed, by explaining the etiology of this syndrome, its clinical diagnosis in relation to differential diagnoses, commonly administered treatment techniques, and patient outcomes. A comprehensive review of the relevant literature was conducted with MEDLINE, EBSCO, and PubMed (1960 - Present using the key words cuboid, cuboid syndrome, foot anatomy, tarsal bones, manual therapy, and manipulation. Medical professionals must be aware that any lateral foot and ankle pain may be the result of cuboid syndrome. Once properly diagnosed, cuboid syndrome responds exceptionally well to conservative treatment involving specific cuboid manipulation techniques. Other methods of conservative treatment including therapeutic modalities, therapeutic exercises, padding, and low dye taping techniques are used as adjuncts in the treatment of this syndrome. Immediately after the manipulation is performed, the patient may note a decrease or a complete cessation of their symptoms. Occasionally, if the patient has had symptoms for a longer duration, several manipulations may be warranted throughout the course of time. Due to the fact radiographic imaging is of little value, the diagnosis is largely based on the patient's history and a collection of signs and symptoms associated with the condition. Additionally, an understanding of the etiology behind this syndrome is essential, aiding the clinician in the diagnosis and treatment of this syndrome. After the correct diagnosis is made and a proper treatment regimen is utilized, the prognosis is excellent

Stephen M. Patterson

2006-12-01

186

Occlusion and periodontics: a critical literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Occlusal trauma is defined as an injury resulting intissues changes within the attachment apparatus as result of occlusalforce(s. Since 1901, when Karolyi reported a possible interactionbetween occlusal disharmony and periodontal alterations, severalstudies have tried to find scientific evidence that corroborates or not this interrelationship. Objective and literature review: In this paper,the authors review the studies that have analyzed traumatic occlusion as a presumed aggravating factor in periodontal disease, as well as those suggesting possible advantages with the concomitant use of occlusal and periodontal therapies. Even though there are still many doubts to be clarified in order to completely understand the effects of occlusal forces on the periodontium, it is well known that a functional occlusion is fundamental for the equilibrium of the diverse components of the stomatognathic system, including the periodontal tissues.Conclusion: An occlusal adjustment should be done, whenever it is indicated, as a routine procedure during periodontal treatment.Furthermore, it is evident that additional studies, with more precise and reproducible methodology, are needed in order to clarify the interaction between the occlusion with the periodontal tissues.

Flávia Aparecida Chaves FURLANETO

2009-03-01

187

Spiritual distress: integrative review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to identify concepts and clinical indicators that evidence spiritual distress in patients. Integrative review was the method adopted for the development of the study. In the initial stage, 82 studies were found in the following databases PUBMED, COCHRANE, CINAHL, LILACS and North American Nursing Diagnosis Association Conference Proceedings and 18 were selected. The descriptors used were spirituality and nursing diagnosis in addition to the term spiritual distress. Literature review (38.9% and articles with level of evidence IV (27.8% were the predominant types of study. The analysis of the articles revealed that the identified concepts of spiritual distress presented common and related elements to the human being subjective and individual response to life experiences, which harm the human spiritual dimension. Defining spiritual distress is a complex task since it depends on the perspective of those evaluating it, limiting in this way, its generalization. However, knowledge regarding the constructs that guide the understanding of human spirituality can base the nursing care in its spiritual dimension, thus providing theoretical support for the diagnosis.

Cristina Maria Galvão

2008-07-01

188

Spiritual distress: integrative review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to identify concepts and clinical indicators that evidence spiritual distress in patients. Integrative review was the method adopted for the development of the study. In the initial stage, 82 studies were found in the following databases PUBMED, COCHRANE, CINAHL, LILACS and North American Nursing Diagnosis Association Conference Proceedings and 18 were selected. The descriptors used were spirituality and nursing diagnosis in addition to the term spiritual distress. Literature review (38.9% and articles with level of evidence IV (27.8% were the predominant types of study. The analysis of the articles revealed that the identified concepts of spiritual distress presented common and related elements to the human being subjective and individual response to life experiences, which harm the human spiritual dimension. Defining spiritual distress is a complex task since it depends on the perspective of those evaluating it, limiting in this way, its generalization. However, knowledge regarding the constructs that guide the understanding of human spirituality can base the nursing care in its spiritual dimension, thus providing theoretical support for the diagnosis.

Erika Cássia Lopes Chaves

2008-08-01

189

Review: Catherine Kohler Riessman (2008. Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Narrative Analysen kommen in verschiedenen humanwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zur Untersuchung unterschiedlichster Fragestellungen zum Einsatz. In diesem Beitrag beschäftige ich mich mit RIESSMANs Buch über narrative Verfahren. Ich vollziehe dabei nach, in welcher Weise sie eine genuin narrative Tradition im breiteren Kontext qualitativer Forschung verortet und zeige ihre Typologie analytischer Verfahren für narrative Analysen. Ebenso interessieren mich ihre Perspektive zur Konstruktion von Daten und Fragen der Validität in der narrativen Forschung. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1001193

R. Lyle Duque

2010-01-01

190

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION: LITERATURE REVIEW AND TIME EVOLUTION.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Performance evaluation of an economic entity requires approaching several criteria, such as industry and economic entity type, managerial and entrepreneurial strategy, competitive environment, human and material resources available, using a system of appropriate performance indicators for this purpose.The exigencies of communication occurred on the growing number of phenomena that marked the global economy in recent decades (internationalization and relocation of business crises and turmoil in financial markets, demand performance measurement to be made in a comprehensive way by financial and non-financial criteria. Indicators are measures of performance used by management to measure, report and improve performance of the economic entity. The relationship between indicators and management is ensured by the existence of performance measurement systems. Studies to date indicate that economic entities using balanced performance measurement systems as a key management tool registered superior performance compared to entities not using such systems. This study attempts to address the issue of performance evaluation by presenting opinions of different authors concerning the process of performance measurement and to present, after revising the literature, the evolution of the performance evaluation systems. We tried to do this literature review because sustainable development and, therefore, globalization require new standards of performance that exceeds the economic field, both for domestic companies as well as international ones. So, these standards should be integrated into corporate strategy development to ensure sustainability of activities undertaken by harmonizing the economic, social and environmental objectives. To assess the performance of economic entities it is required that performance evaluation to be done with a balanced multidimensional system, including both financial ratios and non-financial indicators in order to reduce the limits of the two categories of indicators. Performance measurement and management can’t be separated; performance management is a philosophy that is supported by performance measurement. Performance management precedes performance measurement and creates the context for performance measurement.

Pintea Mirela-Oana

2012-07-01

191

Homeopathy and cancer: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Health Organization states that deaths from cancer are increasing reaching an estimated 12 million deaths by 2030 [1]. In Brazil will be about 480,000 new cases by the end of 2011 [2]. For the treatment of cancer conventional therapies are used, such as chemotherapy[3] and radiotherapy [4] which can cause many adverse reactions. Complementary therapies such as homeopathy can be combined to traditional cancer treatment with the aim of minimizing these adverse reactions, relieving the symptoms of the disease itself and its treatment. Other complementary therapies which can aid in cancer treatment are electrotherapy, acupuncture and electroacupuncture, nutritional supplements, probiotics, phytotherapy, among others[5]. The literature shows the homeopathic medicines can be prescribed using the patient’s physical constitution as one strategy to help cancer patients [6-11]. This work aims to compile the literature review done with in vitro and in vivo models describing the mechanisms of action of homeopathic medicines used to treat different kinds of cancer. The research findings showed that homeopathy can help the patient to come to terms with the disease, after cancer diagnosis which often brings with itself denial, fear and a host of psychological disorders that cause an unbalance in the body. In addition, some works done with in vitro and in vivo models have shown that homeopathic medicines can modulate the immune system, activating macrophages and inducing the release of cytokines. These and other effects may help the body to overcome the cancer. The use of homeopathic therapy as complementary to conventional cancer treatment has promising results and should be further investigated.

Carla Holandino

2011-09-01

192

Postoperative pain assessment in pediatric patients : a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this literature review was to explore the methods and tools used in postoperative pediatric pain assessment. The purpose of this literature review was to conduct a comprehensive description of pain assessment in pediatric patients in surgical settings. The literature review is based on 22 scientific research articles. The data was systematically collected using OVID/CINAHL and Science Direct. Additionally, manual search through library journal collections and e-journals was co...

Kontkanen, Irene; Kariniemi, Tristan

2008-01-01

193

Djenkolism: case report and literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

Djenkolism is an uncommon but important cause of acute kidney injury. It sporadically occurs after an ingestion of the djenkol bean (Archidendron pauciflorum), which is native to Southeast Asia. The clinical features defining djenkolism include: spasmodic suprapubic and/or flank pain; urinary obstruction; and acute kidney injury. The precise pathogenesis of acute kidney injury following djenkol ingestion remains unknown. However, it is proposed that an interaction between the characteristics of the ingested beans and the host factors causes hypersaturation of djenkolic acid crystals within the urinary system, resulting in subsequent obstructive nephropathy with sludge, stones, or possible spasms. We report a case of djenkolism from our rural clinic in Borneo, Indonesia. Our systematic literature review identified 96 reported cases of djenkolism. The majority of patients recovered with hydration, bicarbonate therapy, and pain medication. Three patients required surgical intervention; one patient required ureteral stenting for the obstructing djenkolic acid stones. Four of the 96 reported patients died from acute kidney failure. We stress the importance of awareness of djenkolism to guide medical practitioners in the treatment of this rare disease in resource-poor areas in Southeast Asia.

Bunawan, Nur C; Rastegar, Asghar; White, Kathleen P; Wang, Nancy E

2014-01-01

194

Djenkolism: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Djenkolism is an uncommon but important cause of acute kidney injury. It sporadically occurs after an ingestion of the djenkol bean (Archidendron pauciflorum), which is native to Southeast Asia. The clinical features defining djenkolism include: spasmodic suprapubic and/or flank pain; urinary obstruction; and acute kidney injury. The precise pathogenesis of acute kidney injury following djenkol ingestion remains unknown. However, it is proposed that an interaction between the characteristics of the ingested beans and the host factors causes hypersaturation of djenkolic acid crystals within the urinary system, resulting in subsequent obstructive nephropathy with sludge, stones, or possible spasms. We report a case of djenkolism from our rural clinic in Borneo, Indonesia. Our systematic literature review identified 96 reported cases of djenkolism. The majority of patients recovered with hydration, bicarbonate therapy, and pain medication. Three patients required surgical intervention; one patient required ureteral stenting for the obstructing djenkolic acid stones. Four of the 96 reported patients died from acute kidney failure. We stress the importance of awareness of djenkolism to guide medical practitioners in the treatment of this rare disease in resource-poor areas in Southeast Asia. PMID:24790471

Bunawan, Nur C; Rastegar, Asghar; White, Kathleen P; Wang, Nancy E

2014-01-01

195

Microbial-influenced cement degradation: Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission stipulates that disposed low-level radioactive waste (LLW) be stabilized. Because of apparent ease of use and normal structural integrity, cement has been widely used as a binder to solidify LLW. However, the resulting waste forms are sometimes susceptible to failure due to the actions of waste constituents, stress, and environment. This report reviews literature which addresses the effect of microbiologically influenced chemical attack on cement-solidified LLW. Groups of microorganisms are identified, which are capable of metabolically converting organic and inorganic substrates into organic and mineral acids. Such acids aggressively react with concrete and can ultimately lead to structural failure. Mechanisms inherent in microbial-influenced degradation of cement-based material are the focus of this report. This report provides sufficient evidence of the potential for microbial-influenced deterioration of cement-solidified LLW to justify the enumeration of the conditions necessary to support the microbiological growth and population expansion, as well as the development of appropriate tests necessary to determine the resistance of cement-solidified LLW to microbiological-induced degradation that could impact the stability of the waste form

1993-01-01

196

CAPITAL BUDGETING DECISIONS-REVIEW OF LITERATURE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available -The main objective of present study is to present review of literature related to capital budgeting decisions and to study the trends in using the capital budgeting techniques in depth. The study would facilitate the reader to know the past, current and future trend of capital budgeting techniques by the corporate houses. This study would provide guidelines to decision makers to make investing and financing decisions so that their profit get maximise at minimize risks.The secondary purpose of this study is to understand the rationale behind capital budgeting decisions. Whether such kinds of decisions affect the efficiency of the corporate houses. Efficiency either in terms of increase in revenue or decrease in costs of the operations. The benefits from large investments are received in some future period and the future is uncertain. For instance, a decision to acquire an asset that is going to last for 15 years requires a15-year forecast. A failure to forecast correctly will lead to serious errors which can be corrected only at a considerable expense. Future revenue involves estimating the size of the market for a product and the expected share of the firm in that. These estimates depend on a variety of factors, including price, advertising and promotions, and sales effort and so on. To what extend these estimates effect the quality of capital budgeting decisions is the more sophisticated way to explain the main objective of this study

Renu Gulia

2014-04-01

197

Adult colocolic intussusception and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intussusception occurs when a proximal segment of the gastrointestinal tract, called intussusceptum, telescopes into the lumen of an adjacent segment, also known as intussuscipiens. Although common in early childhood, intussusceptions are very rare in the adult population. Most intussusceptions in adults are due to a lead point, which is an identifiable pathological abnormality, in opposition to children which there are no identifiable pathological lead points. In contrast to childhood intussusception, in adults it is associated with malignant lesions, particularly in the large bowel rather than in the small bowel. Its preoperative diagnosis and treatment in adults is difficult because of nonspecific abdominal symptom and because it rarely presents with the classic triad of vomiting, abdominal pain and passage of blood per rectum. We present a 63-year-old female with an adenocarcinoma tumor being the lead point in a colocolic intussusception, who was diagnosed preoperatively with computed tomography and had a colonoscopy to rule out obstruction. She underwent right hemicolectomy with side-to-side ileocolic anastomosis and did well postoperatively. In addition, we also review the literature and discuss the value of radiological modalities, location and surgical management to try to improve the preoperative diagnosis. Computed tomography scanning with intravenous contrast is maybe the most accurate modality for diagnosis of intussusceptions in adults, and treatment is usually surgical resection without reduction, since most of the colonic lesions are malignant. PMID:24163649

Wilson, Abralena; Elias, George; Dupiton, Rulx

2013-01-01

198

Neurobrucellosis: three case reports and literature review  

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Full Text Available Background Brucellosis is a multisystem disease which may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon complication of this infection. This article aims to present clinical manifestations and to discuss the clinical features and management of 3 neurobrucellosis cases. Methods The diagnosis, treatment, laboratory results and accessory examination findings of 3 patients with neurobrucellosis between August 2010 and March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results All the 3 cases had definite history of exposure to epidemic areas or infectious diseases, and history of being infected with Brucella by drinking raw milk. During the screening because of fever for reasons unknown, they were proved to be infected with Brucella by etiological or serological tests. Initial clinical manifestations consisted of fever and headache, with meningitis symptoms and signs, spondylitis, uroschesis and constipation (which might be caused by lumbosacral nerve root lesion, or neurological manifestations in auditory nerve and abducent nerve, such as hearing loss and diplopia. All patients were treated with rifampicin, doxycycline plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or ceftriaxone. Conclusion Neurobrucellosis presents with various clinical signs and symptoms, and is often accompanied by systemic infection. Brucellosis should be kept in mind during the screening of fever for reasons unknown, and be differentiated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The combined treatment by antibotics of different pharmacological mechanisms with full dose and long range is effective, and the prognosis is favorable.

WANG Jia-wei

2013-01-01

199

Occupational Therapy clinical documentation: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Occupational therapy clinical documentation comprises all recorded information about a client/patient/user, from forwarding to discharge, and it may integrate the patient’s record or serve as support for the exclusive practice of occupational therapy. In Brazil, despite being a mandatory and routine practice, little scientific-technical material on the subject is available for the support of professionals. This study aimed to identify, through literature review, information for greater understanding and support to the practice of professional activity. The data were analyzed and presented according to the different themes identified, seeking common, complementary and divergent points on each theme. Twelve articles were included in the study. The information obtained addressed themes such as registration methods, perception and attitudes of professionals, communication and language, quality, and others. It was possible to achieve a preliminary approach to the subject and have an overview of aspects related to occupational therapy clinical documentation, but some segmented information and several weaknesses were found

Carla Simon Benevides Panzeri

2013-12-01

200

 Telangiectatic osteosarcoma: a review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Jun-jian Liu,1* Shen Liu,2* Jian-guang Wang,1 Wei Zhu,1 Ying-qi Hua,1 Wei Sun,1 Zheng-dong Cai1 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedics, the Sixth Affiliated People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University Schoolof Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Telangiectatic osteosarcoma is a rare variant of osteosarcoma and hence its occurrence, presentation, and prognosis are poorly understood. With advancements in technology and available treatment options, the scenario of its diagnosis, management, and outcome has changed. Chemotherapy with surgery was challenged previously, but has now been proved to be beneficial. We reviewed the available literature and compared results to define the characteristics of the disease, its presentation, radiographic and pathologic features, optimal treatment, and prognosis.Keywords: telangiectatic osteosarcoma, osteosarcoma, radiology

Liu J

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
201

[Psychological interventions in surgical care: a narrative review of current meta-analytic evidence].  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies investigating the effects of adjunctive psychological interventions to surgical routine care are summarized as a narrative review of existing meta-analyses. Primary studies evaluate the effects of the provision of information, supportive approaches, coping skills training, behavioural instructions, cognitive-behavioural strategies, relaxation, and hypnosis. The meta-analyses include studies of different methodological quality, also considering non-randomized trials, and indicate small to large effects depending on the type of intervention and outcome measure. The greatest effects were achieved on patient satisfaction, recovery, and the reduction of postoperative pain, with a slight advantage of complex interventions. Since most of the meta-analyses reveal methodological limitations, an updated and methodologically improved quantitative research synthesis seems to be required. PMID:23390014

Tefikow, Susan; Rosendahl, Jenny; Strauß, Bernhard

2013-06-01

202

Disentangling manual muscle testing and Applied Kinesiology: critique and reinterpretation of a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Cuthbert and Goodheart recently published a narrative review on the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing (MMT in the Journal. The authors should be recognized for their effort to synthesize this vast body of literature. However, the review contains critical errors in the search methods, inclusion criteria, quality assessment, validity definitions, study interpretation, literature synthesis, generalizability of study findings, and conclusion formulation that merit a reconsideration of the authors' findings. Most importantly, a misunderstanding of the review could easily arise because the authors did not distinguish the general use of muscle strength testing from the specific applications that distinguish the Applied Kinesiology (AK chiropractic technique. The article makes the fundamental error of implying that the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing lends some degree of credibility to the unique diagnostic procedures of AK. The purpose of this commentary is to provide a critical appraisal of the review, suggest conclusions consistent with the literature both reviewed and omitted, and extricate conclusions that can be made about AK in particular from those that can be made about MMT. When AK is disentangled from standard orthopedic muscle testing, the few studies evaluating unique AK procedures either refute or cannot support the validity of AK procedures as diagnostic tests. The evidence to date does not support the use of MMT for the diagnosis of organic disease or pre/subclinical conditions.

Cooperstein Robert

2007-08-01

203

Team-training in healthcare: a narrative synthesis of the literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Patients are safer and receive higher quality care when providers work as a highly effective team. Investment in optimising healthcare teamwork has swelled in the last 10?years. Consequently, evidence regarding the effectiveness for these interventions has also grown rapidly. We provide an updated review concerning the current state of team-training science and practice in acute care settings. Methods A PubMed search for review articles examining team-training interventions in acute care settings published between 2000 and 2012 was conducted. Following identification of relevant reviews with searches terminating in 2008 and 2010, PubMed and PSNet were searched for additional primary studies published in 2011 and 2012. Primary outcomes included patient outcomes and quality indices. Secondary outcomes included teamwork behaviours, knowledge and attitudes. Results Both simulation and classroom-based team-training interventions can improve teamwork processes (eg, communication, coordination and cooperation), and implementation has been associated with improvements in patient safety outcomes. Thirteen studies published between 2011 and 2012 reported statistically significant changes in teamwork behaviours, processes or emergent states and 10 reported significant improvement in clinical care processes or patient outcomes, including mortality and morbidity. Effects were reported across a range of clinical contexts. Larger effect sizes were reported for bundled team-training interventions that included tools and organisational changes to support sustainment and transfer of teamwork competencies into daily practice. Conclusions Overall, moderate-to-high-quality evidence suggests team-training can positively impact healthcare team processes and patient outcomes. Additionally, toolkits are available to support intervention development and implementation. Evidence suggests bundled team-training interventions and implementation strategies that embed effective teamwork as a foundation for other improvement efforts may offer greatest impact on patient outcomes.

Weaver, Sallie J; Dy, Sydney M; Rosen, Michael A

2014-01-01

204

Literature Review - Elastic Constants for Airport Pavement Materials.  

Science.gov (United States)

A literature review was made to support an ongoing study to develop a method for evaluating airport pavements based on the layered elastic theory and using constants as determined from vibratory test results. The review covered the definitions and relatio...

J. L. Green

1978-01-01

205

Suicide in deaf populations: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies have found that deaf individuals have higher rates of psychiatric disorder than those who are hearing, while at the same time encountering difficulties in accessing mental health services. These factors might increase the risk of suicide. However, the burden of suicidal behaviour in deaf people is currently unknown. The aim of the present review was to provide a summary of literature on suicidal behaviour with specific reference to deaf individuals. The objectives of the review were to establish the incidence and prevalence of suicidal behaviour in deaf populations; describe risk factors for suicidal behaviour in deaf populations; describe approaches to intervention and suicide prevention that have been used in deaf populations. Methods A number of electronic databases (e.g. Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, Dissertation Abstracts International, Web of Science, ComDisDome, ASSIA, Education Sage Full Text, Google Scholar, and the grey literature databases FADE and SIGLE were explored using a combination of key words and medical subject headings as search terms. Reference lists of papers were also searched. The Science and Social Sciences Citation Index electronic databases were used to identify studies that had cited key papers. We also contacted experts and organisations with an interest in the field. Results Very few studies focussed specifically on suicide in deaf populations. Those studies that were included (n = 13 generally involved small and unrepresentative samples. There were limited data on the rate of suicidal behaviour in deaf people. One study reported evidence of hearing impairment in 0.2% of all suicide deaths. Another found that individuals with tinnitus seen in specialist clinics had an elevated rate of suicide compared to the general population. The rates of attempted suicide in deaf school and college students during the previous year ranged from 1.7% to 18%, with lifetime rates as high as 30%. Little evidence was found to suggest that risk factors for suicide in deaf people differed systematically from those in the general population. However, studies did report higher levels of depression and higher levels of perceived risk among deaf individuals than hearing control groups. No firm evidence was found regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention strategies in deaf people, but suggested strategies include developing specific screening tools, training clinical staff, promoting deaf awareness, increasing the availability of specialist mental health services for deaf people. Conclusion There is a significant gap in our understanding of suicide in deaf populations. Clinicians should be aware of the possible association between suicide and deafness. Specialist mental health services should be readily accessible to deaf individuals and specific preventative strategies may be of benefit. However, further research using a variety of study designs is needed to increase our understanding of this issue.

Kapur Navneet

2007-10-01

206

Djenkolism: case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nur C Bunawan,1 Asghar Rastegar,2 Kathleen P White,3 Nancy E Wang41Alam Sehat Lestari Clinic, West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia; 2Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; 3General Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; 4Department of Surgery and Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USAAbstract: Djenkolism is an uncommon but important cause of acute kidney injury. It sporadically occurs after an ingestion of the djenkol bean (Archidendron pauciflorum, which is native to Southeast Asia. The clinical features defining djenkolism include: spasmodic suprapubic and/or flank pain; urinary obstruction; and acute kidney injury. The precise pathogenesis of acute kidney injury following djenkol ingestion remains unknown. However, it is proposed that an interaction between the characteristics of the ingested beans and the host factors causes hypersaturation of djenkolic acid crystals within the urinary system, resulting in subsequent obstructive nephropathy with sludge, stones, or possible spasms. We report a case of djenkolism from our rural clinic in Borneo, Indonesia. Our systematic literature review identified 96 reported cases of djenkolism. The majority of patients recovered with hydration, bicarbonate therapy, and pain medication. Three patients required surgical intervention; one patient required ureteral stenting for the obstructing djenkolic acid stones. Four of the 96 reported patients died from acute kidney failure. We stress the importance of awareness of djenkolism to guide medical practitioners in the treatment of this rare disease in resource-poor areas in Southeast Asia.Keywords: djenkolism, acute renal failure, acute kidney injury, tropical medicine

Bunawan NC

2014-04-01

207

The goals of writing in Edmund White's "The Farewell symphony" (1997): auto-fiction? (writer vs. narrator), survival literature and melancholia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El siguiente trabajo se enmarca dentro del Máster Construcción y Representación de Identidades Culturales, curso 2007-2008. El título del mismo es The Goal of Writing in Edmund White's The Farewell Symphony (1997): Auto-Fiction? (Author vs. Narrator), Survival Literature and Melancholia. El objetivo del trabajo, como su título indica, es intentar descubrir el porqué de la escritura de Edmund White. Desde un principio, cuando se lee a White se confunde la voz del narrador con la voz...

Oberti Oddi, Gaston Omar

2010-01-01

208

The Rapid Structured Literature Review as a Research Strategy  

Science.gov (United States)

A diversity of sources of literature encompassed by the management disciplines appears to result in a growing need for a systematic methodology to map the territory of management theory. As such, when scoping out a study, structured literature review (SLR) can be considered as a means by which any critical, central literature might be considered.…

Armitage, Andrew; Keeble-Ramsay, Diane

2009-01-01

209

Short rotation coppice: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Report summarises scientific literature relating to the influence of coppice management upon wildlife. Where information is available, special attention is given to short rotation coppice. The Report also summarises the literature regarding coppice woodland management techniques which could be applied to enhance the nature conservation interest of short rotation coppice sites generally. (2 tables, 57 references) (author)

Beaumont, N.

1993-01-01

210

A Review of Literature on Teacher Efficacy and Classroom Management  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper was to review the literature on teacher efficacy and classroom management. The conceptual framework of this paper was based on the theories of Rotter (1966) and Bandura (1977). The review of literature indicated that teacher efficacy helps teachers plan effective instructional strategies, increases performance, and…

Dibapile, Waitshega Tefo Smitta

2012-01-01

211

An Integrative Literature Review of Knowledge Sharing through Cultural Lenses  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents an integrative review of literature on cultural dimensions that have been suggested as facilitative and inhibitive to knowledge sharing in organizations. Content analysis was conducted on articles related to national, organizational and professional culture and knowledge sharing process. Based on a review of existing literature…

Kim, EunJee

2007-01-01

212

Thyroid Hemiagenesis: Report of a Case and Review of Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Our objective was to report an incidental finding of thyroid hemiagenesis in a patient who presented with a left neck mass, present a review of literature, and to discuss management of this diagnosis. Case report and review of literature. An internet-based literature search was performed via Pubmed with key words, “hemithyroid agenesis, thyroid hemiagenesis, absent thyroid gland”. Clinical, pathological, radiologic data and follow up information is reported. A 55 year old woman with a le...

Pen?a, Sarah; Robertson, Hugh; Walvekar, Rohan R.

2011-01-01

213

Critical review of the literature on acrolein toxicity  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A detailed literature review with 520 references of human and animal toxicity studies of acrolein is presented, and information gaps identified that call for further investigation. Specific recommendations are suggested for additional short-/long-term studies, including chemical disposition and cytogenetic investigations. Two bibliographies are provided indicating the scope of the review: (1) literature actually cited and (2) literature examined but not included. 520 references.

Beauchamp, R.O. Jr.; Andjelkovich, D.A.; Kligerman, A.D.; Morgan, K.T.; Heck, H.D.

1985-01-01

214

Reviewing customer value literature: Comparing and contrasting customer values perspectives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose: The paper provides a comprehensive and up-to-date literature review of customer value concepts and distinguishes complex customer value from the various perspectives. It structures the themes and dimensions between the various approaches along the customer value main lines in the literature. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews current literature and illustrates different types of value representations through a case example. ...

Aija Paananen; Marko Seppänen

2013-01-01

215

The National Assessment of Literature: A Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The research methodology of the National Assessment of Educational Progress reports on Literature Achievement is critiqued. Aspect of National Assessment (NAEP) dealt with in this document: Procedures (Exercise Development).

Grindstaff, Faye Louise

1975-01-01

216

Review: Jane Elliot (2005). Using Narrative in Social Research. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Jane ELLIOTT hat mit Using Narrative in Social Research einen originären und gut zugänglichen Beitrag zur sozialwissenschaftlichen Methodenliteratur geleistet. Die Originalität ist insbesondere den beiden Zielen geschuldet, die sie mit diesem Buch verfolgt: ELLIOTT beschreibt nicht nur qualitative und quantitative narrationsanalytische Verfahren, sondern sie nutzt das Konzept der "Narration" auch zur Dekonstruktion traditioneller Grenzen zwischen qualitativer und quantitativer Sozialforsch...

Beyers, Leen

2006-01-01

217

Injury associated with methamphetamine use: A review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sources described cases and others described injury risk as part of an overall review of methamphetamine misuse. Thus, a number of limitations and potential biases exist within the literature. The main areas where associations were noted or extrapolated with methamphetamine use and injury wer...

Sheridan, Janie; Bennett, Sara; Coggan, Carolyn; Wheeler, Amanda; Mcmillan, Karen

2006-01-01

218

Culture Differences and M&A Performance: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Context: Previous studies have tried to find out the role of national culture in context of cross-border M&A and further tested the relationship with performance. However, the results seem to be inconclusive.   Purpose: We will do a literature review based on peer reviewed articles regarding how national culture relates to the performance of cross-border M&A.   Methodology: Literature review is based on various journals, academic articles, books through electronic databases and libr...

Lala, Noreen; Sun, Jing; Lu, He

2010-01-01

219

Mashups: A Literature Review and Classification Framework  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The evolution of the Web over the past few years has fostered the growth of a handful of new technologies (e.g. Blogs, Wiki’s, Web Services). Recently web mashups have emerged as the newest Web technology and have gained lots of momentum and attention from both academic and industry communities. Current mashup literature focuses on a wide array of issues, which can be partially explained by how new the topic is. However, to date, mashup literature lacks an articulation of the different subt...

2009-01-01

220

Impact of childhood chronic illnesses on siblings: a literature review.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Childhood illness can have a significant impact on families, particularly on the ill child\\'s siblings. There is a dearth of published literature focusing on the needs of siblings of ill children. AIM: This literature review aims to provide an overview of the current healthcare literature in relation to the impact of childhood chronic illness or disability on siblings. METHOD: A literature review was undertaken by searching the databases CINAHL, PsycINFO, ProQuest and Cochrane Library for relevant articles in English using the search terms: \\'siblings\\

O' Brien, Irene

2012-02-01

 
 
 
 
221

Mentoring Together: A Literature Review of Group Mentoring  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers have shown the benefits of mentoring in both personal and professional growth. It would seem that group mentoring would only enhance those benefits. This work represents a literature review of peer-reviewed articles and dissertations that contribute to the theory and research of group mentoring. This work reviews the articles that…

Huizing, Russell L.

2012-01-01

222

Cadmium - a review of the recent literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Recent electrotechnological aspects of the cadmium electrode have been reviewed. Forty-four references are included and the electrode characteristics in the alkaline battery systems are highlighted. Electrometric methods, the effect of additives, morphological aspects and porosity of the cadmium electrode are the main headings under which the published work has appeared, and these form our major review headings.

Barton, R.T.; Lawson, S.J.; Mitchell, P.J.; Hampson, N.A.

1986-06-01

223

Heat transfer - a review of 1981 literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Results are surveyed that have been published in the open literature covering various fields. Offers bibliography of recent books dealing with heat transfer or including heat transfer topics. Reports that highlights included research in heat conduction; complex passages as they occur in compact heat exchangers; heat transfer in porous media and fluidized beds; and porous media in natural convection studies.

Eckert, E.R.G.; Goldstein, R.J.; Patankar, S.V.; Pfender, E.; Ramsey, J.W.; Simon, T.W.; Sparrow

1982-12-01

224

Uranium and human diet: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Uranium is present in the environment from industrial activities, nuclear power generation and from primordial sources. This report discusses a survey of the literature of the occurrence of uranium in the foodchain and human diet. The dietary absorption and human metabolism of uranium present in foodstuffs are discussed. (author).

Long, S.E.

1987-12-01

225

Diagnostic imaging for spinal disorders in the elderly: a narrative review  

Science.gov (United States)

The high prevalence of neck and low back pain in the rapidly aging population is associated with significant increases in health care expenditure. While spinal imaging can be useful to identify less common causes of neck and back pain, overuse and misuse of imaging services has been widely reported. This narrative review aims to provide primary care providers with an overview of available imaging studies with associated potential benefits, adverse effects, and costs for the evaluation of neck and back pain disorders in the elderly population. While the prevalence of arthritis and degenerative disc disease increase with age, fracture, infection, and tumor remain uncommon. Prevalence of other conditions such as spinal stenosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) also increase with age and demand special considerations. Radiography of the lumbar spine is not recommended for the early management of non-specific low back pain in adults under the age of 65. Aside from conventional radiography for suspected fracture or arthritis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) offer better characterization of most musculoskeletal diseases. If available, MRI is usually preferred over CT because it involves less radiation exposure and has better soft-tissue visualization. Use of subspecialty radiologists to interpret diagnostic imaging studies is recommended.

2012-01-01

226

Diagnostic imaging for spinal disorders in the elderly: a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract The high prevalence of neck and low back pain in the rapidly aging population is associated with significant increases in health care expenditure. While spinal imaging can be useful to identify less common causes of neck and back pain, overuse and misuse of imaging services has been widely reported. This narrative review aims to provide primary care providers with an overview of available imaging studies with associated potential benefits, adverse effects, and costs for the evaluation of neck and back pain disorders in the elderly population. While the prevalence of arthritis and degenerative disc disease increase with age, fracture, infection, and tumor remain uncommon. Prevalence of other conditions such as spinal stenosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA also increase with age and demand special considerations. Radiography of the lumbar spine is not recommended for the early management of non-specific low back pain in adults under the age of 65. Aside from conventional radiography for suspected fracture or arthritis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and computed tomography (CT offer better characterization of most musculoskeletal diseases. If available, MRI is usually preferred over CT because it involves less radiation exposure and has better soft-tissue visualization. Use of subspecialty radiologists to interpret diagnostic imaging studies is recommended.

Taylor John AM

2012-05-01

227

Revisão sistemática da acurácia dos testes diagnósticos: uma revisão narrativa Systematic review of diagnostic tests accuracy: a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo tem o objetivo de realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre revisão sistemática da acurácia dos testes diagnósticos. Foi realizada busca na Cochrane Methodology Reviews (Cochrane Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy, Medline e LILACS, bem como busca manual das listas de referências dos artigos incluídos na revisão. As estratégias de busca empregadas foram as seguintes, empregando-se títulos de assuntos e termos livres: 1. na Cochrane Methodology Reviews: accuracy study "Methodology" 2. Na Pubmed "Meta-Analysis "[Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine"[Mesh] AND "Sensitivity and Specificity"[Mesh]; 3. Na LILACS: (revisao sistematica or "literatura de REVISAO como assunto" [Descritor de assunto] and (sistematica or "SISTEMATICA" [Descritor de assunto] and (acuracia or "SENSIBILIDADE e especificidade" [Descritor de assunto]. Em suma, a preparação e o planejamento metodológicos das revisões sistemáticas de testes diagnósticos é ulterior àqueles empregados nas revisões sistemáticas das intervenções terapêuticas. Há muitas fontes de heterogeneidade nos desenhos dos estudos de teste diagnóstico, o que dificulta muito a síntese - metanálise - dos seus resultados. Para contornar esse problema, existem atualmente normas, exigidas pelas principais revistas biomédicas, para a submissão de um manuscrito sobre testes diagnósticos.The aim of this study is to perform a narrative review of systematic reviews of diagnostic tests accuracy. We undertook a search using The Cochrane Methodology Reviews (Cochrane Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy, Medline and LILACS up to October 2009. Reference lists of included studies were also hand searched. The following search strategy was constructed by using a combination of subject headings and text words: 1. Cochrane Methodology Reviews: accuracy study "Methodology" 2. In Pubmed "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine" [Mesh] AND "Sensitivity and Specificity" [Mesh] 3. LILACS (revisao sistematica or "literatura de REVISAO como assunto" [Descritor de assunto] and (sistematica or "SISTEMATICA" [Descritor de assunto] and (acuracia or "SENSIBILIDADE e especificidade" [Descritor de assunto]. In summary, the methodological planning and preparation of systematic reviews of therapeutic interventions are prior to that used in systematic reviews of diagnostic tests accuracy. There are more sources of heterogeneity in design of diagnostic test studies, which impair the synthesis - meta-analysis - of the results. To work around this problem, there are currently uniform requirements for diagnostic test manuscripts submitted to leading biomedical journals.

Glória Maria de Oliveira

2010-04-01

228

Revisão sistemática da acurácia dos testes diagnósticos: uma revisão narrativa / Systematic review of diagnostic tests accuracy: a narrative review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tem o objetivo de realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre revisão sistemática da acurácia dos testes diagnósticos. Foi realizada busca na Cochrane Methodology Reviews (Cochrane Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy), Medline e LILACS, bem como busca manual das listas de referências dos artigo [...] s incluídos na revisão. As estratégias de busca empregadas foram as seguintes, empregando-se títulos de assuntos e termos livres: 1. na Cochrane Methodology Reviews: accuracy study "Methodology" 2. Na Pubmed "Meta-Analysis "[Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine"[Mesh]) AND "Sensitivity and Specificity"[Mesh]; 3. Na LILACS: (revisao sistematica) or "literatura de REVISAO como assunto" [Descritor de assunto] and (sistematica) or "SISTEMATICA" [Descritor de assunto] and (acuracia) or "SENSIBILIDADE e especificidade" [Descritor de assunto]. Em suma, a preparação e o planejamento metodológicos das revisões sistemáticas de testes diagnósticos é ulterior àqueles empregados nas revisões sistemáticas das intervenções terapêuticas. Há muitas fontes de heterogeneidade nos desenhos dos estudos de teste diagnóstico, o que dificulta muito a síntese - metanálise - dos seus resultados. Para contornar esse problema, existem atualmente normas, exigidas pelas principais revistas biomédicas, para a submissão de um manuscrito sobre testes diagnósticos. Abstract in english The aim of this study is to perform a narrative review of systematic reviews of diagnostic tests accuracy. We undertook a search using The Cochrane Methodology Reviews (Cochrane Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy), Medline and LILACS up to October 2009. Reference lists of included studies were also [...] hand searched. The following search strategy was constructed by using a combination of subject headings and text words: 1. Cochrane Methodology Reviews: accuracy study "Methodology" 2. In Pubmed "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine" [Mesh]) AND "Sensitivity and Specificity" [Mesh] 3. LILACS (revisao sistematica) or "literatura de REVISAO como assunto" [Descritor de assunto] and (sistematica) or "SISTEMATICA" [Descritor de assunto] and (acuracia) or "SENSIBILIDADE e especificidade" [Descritor de assunto]. In summary, the methodological planning and preparation of systematic reviews of therapeutic interventions are prior to that used in systematic reviews of diagnostic tests accuracy. There are more sources of heterogeneity in design of diagnostic test studies, which impair the synthesis - meta-analysis - of the results. To work around this problem, there are currently uniform requirements for diagnostic test manuscripts submitted to leading biomedical journals.

Glória Maria de, Oliveira; Fábio Trinca, Camargo; Eduardo Costa, Gonçalves; Carlos Vinicius Nascimento, Duarte; Carlos Alberto, Guimarães.

229

Cerebellar mutism: review of the literature  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cerebellar mutism is a common complication of posterior fossa surgery in children. This article reviews current status with respect to incidence, anatomical substrate, pathophysiology, risk factors, surgical considerations, treatment options, prognosis and prevention.

Gudrunardottir, Thora; Sehested, Astrid

2011-01-01

230

Literature Review of E-assessment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The authors of this review provide a compelling argument for the central role of assessment in shaping educational practice. They outline the challenges and opportunities posed by the changing global world around us, and the potential role of technologies in our assessment practices. Both optimistic and practical, the review summarises existing research and emergent practice, and provides a blueprint for thinking about the risks and potential that awaits us in this area.

Ridgway, Jim; Mccusker, Sean; Pead, Daniel

2004-01-01

231

Towards Sustainable Facility Location – A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Facility location methods play a crucial role in specifying the optimum location options for various types of facilities. A question that arises is what makes a facility location decision a sustainable one? Facility location, also known as location analysis, is a known concept in the literature, but sustainable facility location is not. This requires appropriately defining the concept and framing the problem in order to address the relevant issues. Facility location models in the exi...

Seyyed Amin Terouhid; Robert Ries; Maryam Mirhadi Fard

2012-01-01

232

Sirenomelia: a case report with literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We are presenting a case of Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome), which is an extreme example of the caudal regression syndrome. It invariably presents with lower limb fusion, sacral and pelvic bony anomalies, absent external genitalia, imperforate anus, and renal agenesis or dysgenesis. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. The syndrome of caudal regression is thought to be the result of injury to the caudal...

2013-01-01

233

Projects and Their Management: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the years and more importantly in the recent past projects have been used as a delivery mechanism to do business and accomplish objectives. No wonder it has become one of the fastest growing professions in the world. Although the understanding of what constitutes a project and what doesn’t continues to be a topic of debate. This paper attempts to provide literature search on what is a project, its classification, characteristics, its life cycle, phases, tools etc.

Guru Prakash Prabhakar

2009-01-01

234

Morphology of local radiation injury. Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Data on the morphology of the radiation injury to skin are summed up from an extensive survey of the literature (55 citations). The effects of radiation are divided according to their time course into early changes (erythema, dermatitis, ulcerations) delayed changes (chronic ulcers, poikiloderma, vascular changes) and neoplasms. Each type of disorder is characterized with regard to morphology and histology and radiation dose dependence. (M.D.)

1986-01-01

235

Effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 1  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures the active strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in ...

Fuller Jeffrey D; Perkins David; Parker Sharon; Holdsworth Louise; Kelly Brian; Roberts Russell; Martinez Lee; Fragar Lyn

2011-01-01

236

Fostering the Learner Spirituality of Students: A Teaching Narrative  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this paper is to articulate, via a personal teaching narrative, the successes and challenges I experienced while attempting to foster the learner spirituality of students within a middle school classroom environment. I provide a definition of the term learner spirituality, as well as its related phrases. I present a literature review about how to foster learner spirituality within the classroom. Then I present a personnel narrative that depicts my experience while trying to pro...

Preston, Jane P.

2012-01-01

237

Entrepreneurship and regional development : A literature review and synthesis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This literature review examines how entrepreneurship and regional development has been previously addressed theoretically and empirically. Regional Science and Entrepreneurship are two fields with their own distinct literature's. The question is therefore, how do these two fields talk about the respective other? What are the commonalities and differences? The purpose of this article is to create an analytical synthesis by combining the insights of the two literature's in order to gain a fuller understanding of the relation between entrepreneurship and regional development.

Müller, Sabine

238

Antenatal Depression in East Asia: A Review of the Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This current study's goal is to summarize the literature regarding Antenatal Depression (AD) in the East Asian countries of Taiwan, China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Japan, and Korea. The main search utilized a Pub med Chinese Electronic Periodical Service (CEPS) literature review using keywords 'AD', and 'Prenatal Depression' with searches for 'Japan', 'Korea', 'Taiwan', 'Hong Kong' and Macau'. The rates of AD in East Asia appear to be relatively close to those in the Western literature...

Schatz, David Beck; Hsiao, Mei-chun; Liu, Chia-yih

2012-01-01

239

The costs of VAT: A review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews the published literature on the definition and measurement of the administrative and compliance costs of taxation, with special reference to VAT (including evasion and fraud) in the European Union.

Barbone, Luca; Bird, Richard M.; Va?zquez Caro, Jaime

2012-01-01

240

Preoperative patient assessment: a review of the literature and recommendations.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aims of preoperative assessment of patients are outlined, and the role of clinical and laboratory testing is defined. Following a review of the literature, guidelines for requesting such investigations are suggested.

Barnard, N. A.; Williams, R. W.; Spencer, E. M.

1994-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Thermal Imaging for Clothing Research - A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews the literature relating to thermal imaging (particularly real-time thermal imaging), photoconductive, photovoltaic and pyroelectric infrared detectors and the application of thermal imaging to the design of Arctic clothing. The applicat...

D. J. Hidson

1976-01-01

242

Is there an association between low dose aspirin and anemia (without overt bleeding?: narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Overt bleeding associated with low dose aspirin (LDA is well-recognized, little attention is given to the possibility of association between LDA and occult bleeding, although this is known to occur in healthy volunteers. LDA is used increasingly in primary and secondary prevention of a number of medical conditions, many of which are common in older people, as is anemia. Anemia in older people is associated with adverse outcomes including disability, morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to review the evidence that LDA might cause anemia without overt bleeding. Methods An extensive narrative review was carried out. Electronic searching (including database links and reference lists of reports were used to identify studies reporting on use of aspirin ?325 mg/day and anemia or change in hemoglobin (Hb without overt bleeding. Data were extracted from reports of trials, adverse drug reactions (ADRs and prevalence studies of adults aged ?18 years, published since 1980. Results There are few relevant data, with considerable heterogeneity among trial designs, duration, and patient characteristics in studies of LDA. In five randomised trials (n = 5879 in (mostly secondary prevention, the majority of patients were men without peptic ulcer disease aged 50-70 years and no consistent association between LDA and change in Hb was found. In two smaller studies (n = 609 of primary prevention in healthy patients aged ?70 years, there was a small but statistically significant fall in Hb with LDA. Observational studies, and data from trials in which use of LDA was not a primary focus of the study, were inconclusive. Conclusions It is not clear whether there is an association between LDA and anemia in the absence of overt bleeding, but there may be an association between LDA and fall in Hb in (a subset of older patients. The available evidence has significant limitations, which are discussed; studies including more older patients, and publication of individual patient data, would help clarify this important matter.

Derry Sheena

2010-09-01

243

[Intrasellar arachnoid cysts. Two case reports and literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

Intrasellar arachnoid cysts are an uncommon pathology, with only a few cases reported in scientific literature. Their physiopathology is still unknown, with different hypothesis about their development. Differential diagnosis with other cystic sellar lesions is difficult. We report two cases of two intrasellar arachnoid cysts that were treated surgically using transsphenoidal approach and present a review of the literature. PMID:23582225

Lorente-Muñoz, Asís; Lisbona-Alquézar, María Pilar; Alberdi-Viñas, Juan; Orduna-Martinez, Javier; González-Martínez, Luis; Fernández-Liesa, Rafael

2013-01-01

244

Nurse-patient interaction and communication: A systematic literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Aim The purpose of this review is to describe the use and definitions of the concepts of nurse-patient interaction and nurse-patient communication in nursing literature. Furthermore, empirical findings of nurse-patient communication research will be presented, and applied theories will be shown. Method An integrative literature search was executed. The total number of relevant citations found was ...

2009-01-01

245

Gender, Nationality and Leadership Style: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to review research available on gender and nationality as determinants of leadership
style, with special focus on top leaders/managers. The paper is based on a systematic literature review. The
systematic literature search resulted in 27 papers, that were grouped in five categories: 1) Leaders’
characteristics, behavior and style, 2) Perception regarding leaders, their traits and leadership styles, 3)
Women’s ba...

2012-01-01

246

Literature review of cancer mortality and incidence among dentists  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This review assesses the epidemiological literature describing dentist mortality and cancer incidence risk. In the dental workplace a variety of hazards may have been historically present or currently exist which can impact dentists' long?term health, including their mortality and cancer incidence. The epidemiological literature of dentistry's health outcomes was reviewed with a focus on all cancers combined and cancers of the brain, lung, reproductive organs and skin. Relevant studies were...

Simning, Adam

2007-01-01

247

Psychological treatment of eating disorders. A review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to review the existing literature (PubMed database) on the psychological treatments for eating disorders (EDs), subdivided in individual, group and family therapies. Moreover new approaches and directions in this field are addressed. An extensive literature review is performed to identify the psychological treatment trials in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) published over the past 2 decades. Eighty-two studies focused on psychotherapeutic treatment of E...

2004-01-01

248

The management of change in public organisations: A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article presents a review of the recent literature on change management in public organisations and sets out to explore the extent to which this literature has responded to earlier critiques regarding the lack of (public) contextual factors. The review includes 133 articles published on this topic in the period from 2000 to 2010. The articles are analyzed based on the themes of the context, content, process, outcome and leadership of change. We identified whether the articles referred to...

Kuipers, B. S.; Higgs, M. J.; Kickert, W. J. M.; Tummers, L. G.; Grandia, J.; Voet, J.

2013-01-01

249

INSIDE CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT - A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the concept of continuous improvement (CI by looking beyond what traditionally highlighted in literature concerning continuous improvement or Total Quality Management (TQM. The primary argument put forwarded in the discussion is that despite the undeniable positive results from CI practices, the way these activities are implemented, however, will lead to most programs becoming self-limiting. It needs to be asserted here that this paper is not intended to despise CI, rather, its purpose is limited only to provide a balance on the prevailing positive views toward CI.

Daniel Indarto Prajogo

2000-01-01

250

Solid fuel grindability: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The most commonly used measurement of coal grindability is the Hardgrove Grindability Index (HGI) however, many solid fuels do not exhibit the grinding performance predicted by this index. Parameters which can influence grindability and possibly lead to inaccurate prediction of grindability as determined by HGI include: composition and texture, mineral components, brittleness, and rank (which establishes carbon, volatile matter, and moisture contents). Descriptions of these parameters are provided. Alternative measurements of grindability from literature are presented. The most promising may be a revision on the standard HGI, in which a mill capacity factor is derived from the number of mill rotations to crush coal to a specific fineness. 88 refs.

Hills, L.

2007-07-01

251

HELLP syndrome. Case description and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The term HELLP syndrome (an acronym of haemolysis, elevated liver enzyme, and low platelets represents a severe variant of preeclampsia-eclampsia. It was described in these last years. The interpretation of elevated liver enzymes, the presence of haemolysis, and the platelets consumption are clinical pictures of internal physician interest (represented by an emergentist. We describe a case report and revised the recent literature, particularly the therapeutic aspects on the role of steroids. They are still object of studies and their use is not unanimously shared.

Antonio Villa

2007-10-01

252

Social Reinforcement: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Major studies and theoretical positions within the incentive motivation field are reviewed in order to present an integrated picture of past and present research. Special emphasis is placed on delineating social reinforcement variables in an attempt to explicate their relative importance within the context of social reinforcement theory; however,…

Raben, Charles S.; And Others

253

A Literature Review on Document Clustering  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information Retrieval (IR is the discipline of searching for documents, for information within documents and metadata about documents. The document clustering improves the retrieval effectiveness of the IR System. If documents can be clustered together in a sensible order, then indexing and retrieval operations can be optimized. This study presents a review on document clustering.

A.M. Natarajan

2010-01-01

254

Mechanisms of beryl flotation: a literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper shows a review about the investigations that have been done on the mechanisms of flotation of beryl and its dependence in relation to the presence of fluoride species. It is also analised the anionic flotation of the mineral and the effect of cations in the pulp of flotation. (author)

1988-09-26

255

Leadership of Academic Libraries: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This review synthesizes what is known about the characteristics and leadership style of university librarians and academic library directors. It is the leadership of the library that determines whether a philosophy and vision are articulated and to what extent they are implemented. Leadership influences a library's effectiveness, institutional…

Weiner, Sharon Gray

2003-01-01

256

[Culture and mental health in Haiti : a literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews and summarizes the available literature on Haitian mental health and mental health services. This review was conducted in light of the Haitian earthquake in January 2010. We searched Medline, Google Scholar and other available databases to gather scholarly literature relevant to mental health in Haiti. This was supplemented by consultation of key books and grey literature relevant to Haiti. The first part of the review describes historical, economic, sociological and anthropological factors essential to a basic understanding of Haiti and its people. This includes discussion of demography, family structure, Haitian economics and religion. The second part of the review focuses on mental health and mental health services. This includes a review of factors such as basic epidemiology of mental illness, common beliefs about mental illness, explanatory models, idioms of distress, help-seeking behavior, configuration of mental health services and the relationship between religion and mental health. PMID:21076788

Pierre, Andrena; Minn, Pierre; Sterlin, Carlo; Annoual, Pascale C; Jaimes, Annie; Raphaël, Frantz; Raikhel, Eugene; Whitley, Rob; Rousseau, Cécile; Kirmayer, Laurence J

2010-01-01

257

A literature review to explore integrated care for older people  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: This paper reports on some of the findings of a literature review commissioned to explore integrated care for older people. Methods: The process of revising included finding and selecting literature from multidisciplinary sources, and encompassed both published papers and ‘grey’ literature, i.e. material which had not been reviewed for publication. Results: The study found that thinking has moved on from a focus on the problems of accessing services to exploring ways in which they may function in an integrated way. Conclusions: The study shows how thinking on integrated care for older people has developed, and knowledge of micro, mezzo and macro strategies is now more available.

Jan Reed

2005-01-01

258

Self-harm among young people : a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-harm is according to literature is an increasing global concern. Therefore to cope and manage the risks of self-harm,suitable evidence-based therapies has to be used and others reviewed and implemented. Systematic literature review is used in the writing of this paper. Several databases,books as well as relevant webpages targeting young adults were searched. The literature used had to be in English language and published between the year 2000 to date. The main aim of this paper is to ...

Mutai, James

2011-01-01

259

Allergy to cosmetics: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term cosmetic has a broad definition and includes personal care products, hair care products, nail care products, and sunscreens. Modern cosmetics are safe for most users, and adverse reactions are very rare because the manufacturers invest heavily in safety, quality control, and product testing before releasing the product to the market. Despite these efforts, adverse reactions occur. Skin care products are major contributors to cosmetic allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), followed by hair care and nail care products. The most common allergens are fragrances and preservatives. The diagnosis of cosmetic allergy is established by reviewing the patient's clinical history and physical examination findings and confirmed with skin patch testing. Patch testing is the standard method for detecting allergens responsible for eliciting ACD. The purpose of this article was to review the prevalence, legislative laws, and role of patch testing in ACD. PMID:24201464

Alani, Jennifer I; Davis, Mark Denis P; Yiannias, James A

2013-01-01

260

Hydrolysis of lactose: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lactose is the sugar found in milk and whey. Its hydrolysis to glucose and galactose in milk would solve the problem of milk-intolerant people and in whey it would avoid environmental pollution and offer an interesting possibility of by-product utilization. The prepared sweet syrup has many potential applications in the food industry. Hydrolysis of lactose can be carried out by heating at low pH (acid hydrolysis) or by enzymatic catalysis with the enzyme (lactase or ..beta..-D-galactosidase) either free in solution or immobilized by one of the several enzyme immobilization methods which are abundant in the literature. Selection of the proper method depends on many factors: the nature of substrate, use of the final product, need for sanitary conditions, and, of course, capital and processing costs. 157 references.

Gekas, V.; Lopez-Leiva, M.

1985-02-01

 
 
 
 
261

Sinus pericranii: dermatologic considerations and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sinus pericranii is a rare disorder characterized by a congenital or acquired epicranial blood-filled nodule of the scalp that is in communication with an intracranial dural sinus through dilated diploic veins of the skull. We describe two patients with sinus pericranii: a 3-year-old boy with a congenital lesion and a 3-year-old girl whose lesion appeared after head trauma. We discuss the clinical presentation, dermatologic manifestations, differential diagnosis, and management as described in the available published literature. Patients with sinus pericranii may be brought to the attention of dermatologists and dermatopathologists because of skin changes in the scalp or forehead. The diagnosis is difficult to make clinically, because the skin manifestations are highly variable and may resemble other disorders of the scalp and cranium. The potentially lethal complications including hemorrhage, infection, and air embolism warrant a high index of suspicion for sinus pericranii. PMID:12063495

Sheu, Mary; Fauteux, Greg; Chang, Howard; Taylor, William; Stopa, Edward; Robinson-Bostom, Leslie

2002-06-01

262

Mobile Assisted Language Learning : A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mobile assisted language learning (MALL) is a subarea of the growing field of mobile learning (mLearning) research which increasingly attracts the attention of scholars. This study provides a systematic review of MALL research within the specific area of second language acquisition during the period 2007 - 2012 in terms of research approaches, methods, theories and models, as well as results in the form of linguistic knowledge and skills. The findings show that studies of mobile technology us...

Viberg, Olga; Gro?nlund, A?ke

2012-01-01

263

Hand Gesture Recognition: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Hand gesture recognition system received great attention in the recent few years because of itsmanifoldness applications and the ability to interact with machine efficiently through human computerinteraction. In this paper a survey of recent hand gesture recognition systems is presented. Key issues ofhand gesture recognition system are presented with challenges of gesture system. Review methods of recentpostures and gestures recognition system presented as well. Summary of research results of...

2012-01-01

264

Trachoma survey methods: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reliable population-based prevalence data are essential for planning, monitoring and evaluating trachoma control programmes and understanding the scale of the problem, yet they are not currently available for 22 out of 56 trachoma-endemic countries. Three survey methods have been advocated for trachoma: cluster random sampling (CRS); trachoma rapid assessment (TRA); and acceptance sampling trachoma rapid assessment (ASTRA). Our review highlights the benefits of CRS being simple, efficient, re...

Ngondi, Jeremiah; Reacher, Mark; Matthews, Fiona; Brayne, Carol; Emerson, Paul

2009-01-01

265

Literature Review in Primary Science and ICT  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This review focuses on the development of primary science since it was first introduced in 1989 as a compulsory, core subject in the primary curriculum in England and Wales. It considers the impact of ICT in primary science in relation to the role of teacher and learner, teachers' subject knowledge, the balance between process skills and science content, and the application of formative assessment. It also provides a critical evaluation of ways in which ICT is currently being used to promote ...

Murphy, Colette

2003-01-01

266

Health Hazards of Xylene: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Xylene, an aromatic hydrocarbon is widely used in industry and medical laboratory as a solvent. It is a flammable liquid that requires utmost care during its usage. On exposure the vapours are rapidly absorbed through the lungs and the slowly through the skin. Prolonged exposure to xylene leads to significant amount of solvent accumulation in the adipose and muscle tissue. This article reviews the various acute and chronic health effects of xylene through various routes of exposure.

T. Rajan, Sharada; Malathi, N.

2014-01-01

267

Socio-Cultural Retailing: A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to contribute to the cultural turn in retail studies by offering an overview of the interdisciplinary field of socio-cultural retailing and, based on this introduction, draw out and discuss what this body of work can contribute to the field of retail marketing. The paper reviews socio- cultural retail research from the disciplines of marketing, cultural geography, sociology and anthropology. Taken together this body of work clearly shows that retailing and shopping pr...

Fuentes, Christian

2012-01-01

268

Living on the edge: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A comprehensive review of the literature of the universal experience of living on the edge is discussed. Literature was reviewed from biology, criminology, ecology, economics, ethics, finance, fine arts, historical biography, medicine, nursing, philosophy, physiology, psychology, sociology, and theology. Three themes emerged with this literature review: living on the edge as a sacred place one travels to or where one lives, living on the edge as a choice in taking risks and surviving danger, and living on the edge as engaging with health experiences in which persons and nurses coparticipate. Living on the edge is a visionary quest into a new frontier that holds illimitable possibilities that transform the world. The literature is discussed according to theoretical and research findings. PMID:24085664

PetersonLund, Robin R

2013-10-01

269

Gender and Instrument Associations, Stereotypes, and Stratification: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review examines and synthesizes 30 years of research into the relationship between gender and musical instruments. Specifically, the review focuses on how this relationship affects instrument selection by grade school students entering a school music program. Topics include the gender typing of musical instruments, instrument…

Wych, Gina M. F.

2012-01-01

270

Employer Perceptions of Online Degrees: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review explores research regarding the perception of potential employers or "gatekeepers" about online degrees in comparison with those earned in a traditional format. This review contributes to the field of knowledge because higher education can benefit from understanding how these perceptions affect students' employment…

Columbaro, Norina L.; Monaghan, Catherine H.

2009-01-01

271

The State of the Nation in CPD: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

A recent literature review in support of the "State of the Nation" (SoN) investigation into CPD in England indicated a number of limitations both in how researchers see CPD and how schools themselves participate and register this participation in such activities. The SoN review was conducted in the period from late 2007 to early 2008, but was…

McCormick, Robert

2010-01-01

272

Building effective service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 2  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary care services have not generally been effective in meeting mental health care needs. There is evidence that collaboration between primary care and specialist mental health services can improve clinical and organisational outcomes. It is not clear however what factors enable or hinder effective collaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the factors that enable effective collaboration between specialist mental health services and primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. An expert reference group helped formulate strategies for policy makers. Studies of descriptive and qualitative design from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted on factors reported as enablers or barriers to development of service linkages. These were tabulated by theme at clinical and organisational levels and the inter-relationship between themes was explored. Results A thematic analysis of 30 papers found the most frequently cited group of factors was "partnership formation", specifically role clarity between health care workers. Other factor groups supporting clinical partnership formation were staff support, clinician attributes, clinic physical features and evaluation and feedback. At the organisational level a supportive institutional environment of leadership and change management was important. The expert reference group then proposed strategies for collaboration that would be seen as important, acceptable and feasible. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality and findings are weighted by the number of studies. Variability in local service contexts limits the generalisation of findings. Conclusion The findings provide a framework for health planners to develop effective service linkages in primary mental health care. Our expert reference group proposed five areas of strategy for policy makers that address organisational level support, joint clinical problem solving, local joint care guidelines, staff training and supervision and feedback.

Parker Sharon

2011-03-01

273

Hand Gesture Recognition: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hand gesture recognition system received great attention in the recent few years because of itsmanifoldness applications and the ability to interact with machine efficiently through human computerinteraction. In this paper a survey of recent hand gesture recognition systems is presented. Key issues ofhand gesture recognition system are presented with challenges of gesture system. Review methods of recentpostures and gestures recognition system presented as well. Summary of research results of hand gesturemethods, databases, and comparison between main gesture recognition phases are also given. Advantagesand drawbacks of the discussed systems are explained finally

Rafiqul Zaman Khan

2012-08-01

274

Guided bone regeneration: A literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Guided bone regeneration (GBR is a reconstructive procedure of alveolar ridge using membranes. This procedure isindicated when there is no sufficient bone for implantation, or in the case of optimal implant installation for esthetic orfunctional needs. GBR can be performed before implant placement, when there is not enough bone for initial stability ofimplants and less predictable outcomes (staged approach, or performed simultaneously with implantation (combinedapproach. GBR techniques have been used for vertical and horizontal ridge augmentations with acceptable results. Thisliterature review discusses the background, principles of GBR, the materials used in GBR (types of membranes andbone grafts, success criteria and long term results of GBR

Maryam Farzad DDS

2012-04-01

275

Research on Logistics Network System among Cities: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Logistics Network System among cities has attracted considerable research attention in the recent past. Despite the growing body of literature on this topic, precious little effort has been devoted to synthesizing the overall state of research on this issue. In this study, an attempt is made to review the status of literature on the logistics network system among cities issue. We classified the related issue into five contents and reviewed, respectively; there are the connotation research, planning theories and methods research, facility location research, spatial structure research and urban distribution route optimal research. Based on these reviews, suggestions for future research are likewise provided.

Han Zhang

2013-01-01

276

Neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article summarizes and reviews the literature on neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide. A literature review was conducted using the Medline database: the cue terms neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide were searched. One hundred-fifteen articles were reviewed; of these, 51 are cited in our article. We conclude that while infanticide dates back to the beginning of recorded history, little is known about what causes parents to murder their children. To this end, further research is needed to identify potential perpetrators and to prevent subsequent acts of child murder by a parent. PMID:8845528

Pitt, S E; Bale, E M

1995-01-01

277

Adnexal torsion: review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adnexal torsion is one of a few gynecologic surgical emergencies. Misdiagnosis or delay in treatment can have permanent sequelae including loss of an ovary with effect on future fertility, peritonitis, and even death. A PubMed search was performed between 1985 and 2012 for reviews, comparative studies, and case reports to provide a review of the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, common laboratory and imaging findings, and treatments of adnexal torsion. Common symptoms of torsion include pain, nausea, and vomiting, with associated abdominal or pelvic tenderness, and may differ in premenarchal and pregnant patients. Laboratory and imaging findings including ultrasound with Doppler analysis, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging can assist in making the diagnosis but should not trump clinical judgment; normal Doppler flow can be observed in up to 60% of adnexal torsion cases. Treatment depends on the individual patient but commonly includes detorsion, even if the adnexae initially seem necrotic, with removal of any associated cysts or salpingo-oophorectomy, because recurrence rates are higher with detorsion alone or detorsion with only cyst aspiration. PMID:24126258

Sasaki, Kirsten J; Miller, Charles E

2014-01-01

278

Neuromuscular dressing effects: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The kinesio taping is a technique that was created in 1979 by Doctor Kenzo Kase I’m looking through it that could generate a new therapeutic option to control pain, improve athletic performance and reduce the impact of musculoskeletal disorders. From the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games, this technique as a therapeutic alternative PTO and is composed of health professionals in the field of sport and physical rehabilitation.Objetive: This article aims to identify theoretical approaches on the bandage neuromuscular. Material and methods: held today, for which conducted a literature search of databases such as como Proquest, Ovid, Cochraine, PEDro, Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical, Sciencedirect, Pubmed y Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs.The paper proposes a scheme of contextualization of the current landscape of the use and effects of kinesio taping in the management of different pathologies of the musculo-skeletal system in sports. Conclusion: it is concluded that currently many health professionals, and take the neuromuscular bandage a good therapeutic option in the management of diseases affecting the human body is investigated and every day more about the subject, which makes these new therapeutic methods to acquire a scientific value and transcends knowledge.

Calero PA

2012-05-01

279

[Refeeding syndrome: a review of the literature].  

Science.gov (United States)

The refeeding syndrome is a dangerous condition, which may even lead to death. The syndrome occurs after re-establishment of adequate nutrition in malnourished and cachectic patients. More specifically its occurrence has been reported during oral, enteral and parenteral feeding. Early diagnosis is crucial for adequate and timely therapy. However, due to a lack of knowledge in the community this is not always achieved. The leading symptom is hypophosphatemia, often accompanied by electrolyte disturbances and vitamin and trace element deficiencies. Due to a concomitant administration of carbohydrates and intravenous fluid volume it may also lead to hypervolemia with cardiac failure. Compromise of other organ functions with a varying degree of severity, even leading to death, have been reported. The most efficient prevention of the refeeding syndrom is recommended by an early identification of patients at risk and the administration of an initially lower caloric nutrition accompanied by a tight and regularly scheduled observation of relevant laboratory parameters. Methods: This literature research included the following terms: "refeeding syndrome" and "hypophosphataemia" including the 2006 guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (UK). PMID:24905111

Rohrer, S; Dietrich, J W

2014-06-01

280

Reviewing history in apocalyptic literature as ideological strategy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reviews of history are ideological constructions. This article investigates historical reviews in the apocalyptic literature of Daniel and Ethiopic Enoch. In Daniel 2 a fourfold scheme of successive kingdoms/empires/eras is used to persuade the hearers that their political trials will come to an end. In Daniel 7 a theology of history is formulated in terms of animal symbols and four consecutive eras. This review is used to proclaim God’s total sovereignty over kings and kingdoms. The faithf...

Venter, P. M.

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Nail psoriasis: a review of the literature*  

Science.gov (United States)

Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in features such as leukonychia, pitting (punctures or cupuliform depressions), red spots in the lunula and crumbling. Nail bed involvement, on the other hand, can cause onycholysis, salmon or oil-drop patches, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages. Nail disease causes aesthetic and functional impairment, and is indicative of more severe forms of psoriasis as well as of joint involvement. The treatment for nail psoriasis involves behavioral interventions, topical medications, or systemic therapy in case of extensive skin or joint involvement. This article presents a review of the main features of nail psoriasis, its clinical presentation, diagnostic and assessment methods, clinical repercussions, and of its available treatment options.

Schons, Karen Regina Rosso; Knob, Cristiane Faccin; Murussi, Nadia; Beber, Andre Avelino Costa; Neumaier, Walter; Monticielo, Odirlei Andre

2014-01-01

282

Irradiation preservation of seafood: Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The application of gamma-irradiation for extending the shelf life of seafood has been of interest for many years. This report reviews a number of studies on seafood irradiation conducted over the past several years. Topics covered include seafood irradiation techniques and dosages, species applicability and differences, the effects of packaging on seafood preservation, and changes in organoleptic acceptability as a result of irradiation. Particular attention is given to radiation effects (likely and unlikely) of concern to the public. These include the potential for generation of toxic chemical products, botulinum toxin production, and other health concerns. No scientifically defensible evidence of any kind was found for any harmful effect of irradiation of seafoods at the doses being considered (less than 300 krad), and all indications are that irradiation is an acceptable and needed additional tool for seafood preservation. 49 refs., 14 figs., 14 tabs.

Molton, P.M.

1987-10-01

283

Literatures Review on Transaction Costs Measurement Advances  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Theory of transaction costs and its measurement has been regarded as the focus since its being put forward by scholars. Additionally, researches on the measurement are relatively less in China. This paper devotes to reviewing and analyzing present advanced methodologies of transaction costs measurement. And it summarizes the difficulties of measurement based on the concept of transaction costs. Furthermore, it presents three difficulties of measuring. They are unclear definition of transaction costs, unobservable costs in non-market and the unable replacement of opportunity costs. It concludes the measuring methods both on the macro and micro aspects. On macro aspect, it introduces methods as direct measuring, model-built measuring and margin analysis measuring. On micro aspect, it introduces methods as buy-sale price margin, typical reference quantities method, investigating method and data statistics method.

Zhengchao Lv

2012-10-01

284

Literature review of palliatives for fretting fatigue  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Under cyclic stress conditions contacting components can suffer differential strain which may result in reduced fatigue life; such a phenomenon is termed fretting fatigue. This review shows that the palliative treatments advanced are superficially contradictory. However, examination shows that in reality the success of a pallitive is dependent upon the specific application. Assessing treatment against existing theory shows that the contradictions can be explained in a qualitative manner; the detailed behavior is strongly dependent upon the stress fields arising from both the contact and the relative moment. More work is required to quantify such effects and the way in which palliatives work. Potentially useful treatments are tabulated together with their probable route for providing alleviation, so that means of amelioration can be selected.

Gordelier, S.C.; Chivers, T.C.

1979-09-01

285

Pediatric Mastocytosis: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Mastocytosis has a bimodal distribution often presenting in children from birth to 2 years of age and in those over the age of 15. Pediatric mastocytosis is due to the effects of mast-cell degranulation enzymes such as histamine and tryptase causing the presentation of pruritis, flushing, vesicles, abdominal and bone pain, or headache. Three different forms of mastocytosis can occur: urticaria pigmentosa, diffuse cutaneous, and solitary mastocytoma. Systemic symptoms are typically a result of mast-cell mediator release but do not prove systemic mast-cell hyperplasia. In this review, we present several research studies related to pediatric mast-cell disorders, and discuss several cases of pediatric mastocytosis, acute myeloid leukemia, pathophysiology, genetic studies, and treatment.

Quershi, Mahvish

2013-01-01

286

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Rivières-Pigeon, Catherine des

2007-01-01

287

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Charo Rodríguez

2007-07-01

288

Irradiation preservation of seafood: Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The application of gamma-irradiation for extending the shelf life of seafood has been of interest for many years. This report reviews a number of studies on seafood irradiation conducted over the past several years. Topics covered include seafood irradiation techniques and dosages, species applicability and differences, the effects of packaging on seafood preservation, and changes in organoleptic acceptability as a result of irradiation. Particular attention is given to radiation effects (likely and unlikely) of concern to the public. These include the potential for generation of toxic chemical products, botulinum toxin production, and other health concerns. No scientifically defensible evidence of any kind was found for any harmful effect of irradiation of seafoods at the doses being considered (less than 300 krad), and all indications are that irradiation is an acceptable and needed additional tool for seafood preservation. 49 refs., 14 figs., 14 tabs

1987-01-01

289

Trachoma survey methods: a literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Reliable population-based prevalence data are essential for planning, monitoring and evaluating trachoma control programmes and understanding the scale of the problem, yet they are not currently available for 22 out of 56 trachoma-endemic countries. Three survey methods have been advocated for trachoma: cluster random sampling (CRS); trachoma rapid assessment (TRA); and acceptance sampling trachoma rapid assessment (ASTRA). Our review highlights the benefits of CRS being simple, efficient, repeatable and giving population-based prevalence estimates of all signs of trachoma. There are limitations to TRA, which include: non-representative sampling; does not estimate prevalence; and lacks consistency and accuracy. ASTRA advocates small sample sizes but it is relatively complex, may result in imprecise prevalence estimates and does not estimate cicatricial signs of trachoma. We conclude that CRS should therefore remain the “gold” standard for trachoma surveys. However, among the CRS surveys reviewed, we also found several methodological deficiencies of sample-size calculations, standardization of trachoma graders, reporting of confidence intervals of prevalence estimates, variability of age groups for presentation of age-specific prevalence, and lack of estimation of district prevalence estimates. Properly conducted surveys will be crucial if the objective of global elimination of blinding trachoma is to be charted and realized. Harmonization of survey methods will enhance the conduct and comparability of trachoma surveys needed for reliable mapping of prevalence within endemic countries. Consistent with WHO recommendations, we advocate for continued use of CRS as the survey design of choice for trachoma control programmes and propose ways of improving future surveys based on this method.

Reacher, Mark; Matthews, Fiona; Brayne, Carol; Emerson, Paul

2009-01-01

290

The literature review of Leech therapy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective : To review the trend of the study related to Leech therapy and to establish the hereafter direction for the study on Leech therapy. Methods : I reviewed and analyzed all the theses published in Domestic and Foreign research institution from 1990 to 2009. Results : The following results were obtained in this study. 1. Analyzed number of theses published, there was no significance per year. 2. Classified by theme of journal, journals related to surgery were most(41 journals, 75.92% among 54 kinds. 3. Classified by theses by research method and thesis types, case report accounted for nearly twothirds (52 pieces, 68.42% of all theses and consideration of document was next(9 pieces, 11.84%. 4. With the most case of venous congestion after plastic and reconstructive surgery(33 pieces, 63.46%, leech therapy was effective on illnesses such as haematoma, macroglossia, purpura, varicous vein, avulsion injury, neurovascular compression, diabetic neuropathy, penoscrotal oedema, buerger's disease, rheumatoid arthritis. 5. Two most appeared adverse effects were anemia and infection. Immediate blood transfusion was done for recovering anemia and prophylactic 3rd generation antibiotics to infection were emphasized in more than half of case reports. 6. All of consideration of documents was retrospective study of cases related leech therapy and 3 pieces of them emphasized prophyratic antibiotic treatment for preventing infection. 7. The study of clinical trail type started first in 2002 and osteoarthritis of knee and carpometacarpal joint were main target. As see above result, Leech therapy was effective cure and could be used in disease induced by venous congestion. And I think that it is necessary to perform additional study related to solution of problems about leech therapy and protocol for using in clinical practice.

Jang Hyo-kil

2010-03-01

291

Styloid syndrome: A review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The American otolaryngologist Eagle was the first to describe styloid syndrome in 1937. Stylohyoid complex is composed of styloid process, stylohyoid ligament and a lesser horn of the hyoid bone. Embriologicaly, these anatomical structures originate from Reichert's cartilage of the second brachial arch. In the general population, the frequency of the elongated styloid process is estimated to be 4%, of which only 4% show clinical manifestations suggesting that the incidence of styloid syndrome is 0.16% (about 16,000 persons in Serbia. The styloid process deviation causes external or internal carotid impingement and pains which radiate along the arterial trunk. Classical stylohyoid syndrome is found after tonsillectomy and is characterized by pharyngeal, cervical, facial pain and headache. Stylo-carotid syndrome is the consequence of the pericarotid sympathetic fibres irritation and compression on the carotid artery. Clinical manifestations are found most frequently after head turning and neck compression. The diagnostic golden standard for styloid syndrome is 3D CT reconstruction. Sagital CT angiography has a leading role in the radiological diagnosis of the stylo-carotid syndrome. Differential diagnosis requires the differentiation of the styloid syndrome from numerous cranio-facio-cervical painful syndromes. If conservative treatment (analgesics, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and local infiltration with steroids or anaesthetic agents has no effect, surgical treatment is applied. Styloid syndrome is underrepresented in neurological literature. The syndrome is considered important, because it is clinically similar to many other painful cranio-facial syndromes; it is difficult to be recognized, and the patient should be treated adequately.

Petrovi? Branko

2008-01-01

292

Reducing loneliness amongst older people: a systematic search and narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of recent social therapeutic interventions to reduce loneliness in older people. Method: To examine this matter, a literature review, using seven databases, was undertaken using search terms relating to the themes of ageing, loneliness and social support. A total of 17 relevant studies relating to loneliness interventions were analysed. Results: Three studies reporting on new technologies and one on a group work intervention identified significant reductions in loneliness.Conclusion: Further research into interventions using new technologies to reduce loneliness in older people is recommended. PMID:24437736

Hagan, Robert; Manktelow, Roger; Taylor, Brian J; Mallett, John

2014-08-01

293

The Effects of Ramadan Fasting on Growth Parameters: A Narrative Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ramadan fasting is prescribed by Quran for every able?bodied, adult Muslim and is considered an obligatory act of worship. During Ramadan, the majority of Muslims eat two major meals- one before dawn (Sahar and another immediately after the sunset (Iftar. Islamic fasting, due to its particular nature, may cause metabolic and hormonal changes in the body, which are different from those in regular fasting. To the best of our knowledge, no comprehensive study has been conducted on changes in growth parameters during fasting periods. Therefore, the aim of this review, which is based on scientific literature review, was to describe the effects of fasting on growth parameters in humans.

Mohsen Mazidi

2014-03-01

294

The Implications of Information Technology for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

... for Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review Special Report Hypertext Format The ... Scientific Journal Publishing: A Literature Review Portable Document Format (.pdf) The Implications ...

295

Nail psoriasis: a review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in f [...] eatures such as leukonychia, pitting (punctures or cupuliform depressions), red spots in the lunula and crumbling. Nail bed involvement, on the other hand, can cause onycholysis, salmon or oil-drop patches, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages. Nail disease causes aesthetic and functional impairment, and is indicative of more severe forms of psoriasis as well as of joint involvement. The treatment for nail psoriasis involves behavioral interventions, topical medications, or systemic therapy in case of extensive skin or joint involvement. This article presents a review of the main features of nail psoriasis, its clinical presentation, diagnostic and assessment methods, clinical repercussions, and of its available treatment options.

Schons, Karen Regina Rosso; Knob, Cristiane Faccin; Murussi, Nádia; Beber, André Avelino Costa; Neumaier, Walter; Monticielo, Odirlei André.

296

Public opinion about energy: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A review and analysis of 115 surveys of the general population between 1973 and 1978 (before the Three Mile Island accident, sudden gasoline price increases, and spot gasoline shortages) are presented. The survey data are organized and analyzed according to a set of categories described in Chapter 2. The public's definition of the energy situation is the focus of Chapter 3. Chapter 4 describes public opinion concerning energy conservation pertaining to transportation and domestic energy use -- whether it is efficacious, how knowledgeable people are about conservation, whether they favor it, and whether they engage in it. Findings on the solar energy alternative are described in Chapter 5. Public opinion concerning more conventional sources of energy -- oil and natural gas, coal, and nuclear energy -- are discussed in Chapter 6. In Chapter 7, a summary of analytical findings by 10 major sociodemographic characteristics is presented. Chapter 8 describes analytical findings using various social-psychological variables. A summary is presented in Chapter 9.

Farhar, B.C.; Weis, P.; Unseld, C.T.; Burns, B.A.

1979-06-01

297

Abetalipoproteinemia: two case reports and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL, OMIM 200100 is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by fat malabsorption, acanthocytosis and hypocholesterolemia in infancy. Later in life, deficiency of fat-soluble vitamins is associated with development of atypical retinitis pigmentosa, coagulopathy, posterior column neuropathy and myopathy. ABL results from mutations in the gene encoding the large subunit of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP; OMIM 157147. To date at least 33 MTP mutations have been identified in 43 ABL patients. We describe the clinical progress of two patients, both currently in the fifth decade of life, who were diagnosed with ABL as children and were treated with high oral doses of fat soluble vitamins, including vitamin E over the last three decades. Treatment appears to have been associated with arrest of the neuropathy and other complications in both patients. Because pharmacologic inhibition of MTP is being developed as a novel approach to reduce plasma cholesterol for prevention of cardiovascular disease, defining the long-term clinical features of patients with a natural deficiency in MTP might provide some insight into the possible effects of such treatments. We review the range of clinical, biochemical and molecular perturbations in ABL.

Pollex Rebecca L

2008-07-01

298

Diabetes and Ramadan: review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast every day from dawn to sunset. In the healthy subject, this fasting does not have any harmful consequences on health. However, it can induce several complications for patients with diabetes. The aim of this review twofold: first, it seeks to give some clues about methodological aspect of research during Ramadan and to show the impact of various diabetes monitoring and treatment, including biochemical and clinical parameters, diet and caloric intake, drug intake when fasting. Second, it intends to determine whether or not Ramadan fasting induces complications in patients with types 1 and 2 diabetes and ultimately to elaborate some advice as to the management of fasting patients. Several studies have shown that Ramadan fasting did not alter biochemical parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, other studies have shown that there is either an increase or a decrease in biochemical parameters during Ramadan. Ramadan fasting would be acceptable for patients with well-balanced type 2 diabetes who are conscious of their disease and compliant with their diet and drug intake. If patients with type 1 diabetes wish to fast, it is necessary to advise them to undertake control of their glycaemia several times a day. Patients with type 1 diabetes who will fast during Ramadan may be better managed with fast absorption insulin. PMID:16647781

Benaji, B; Mounib, N; Roky, R; Aadil, N; Houti, I E; Moussamih, S; Maliki, S; Gressier, B; El Ghomari, H

2006-08-01

299

Fatigue in cancer: A review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fatigue is a common symptom of advanced cancer limiting one?s activity and affecting the quality of life. It is a multidimensional symptom complex with subjective and objective components. Hence, its definition and assessment seems arbitrary, incomplete, and elusive. Components of fatigue often merge with other ?disease states? as anemia, depression and so on, compounding difficulty to assess it separately. Fatigue has a high prevalence rate, and lasts longer in chronic diseases like cancer. Its association with treatment modalities like chemotherapy, radiotherapy alongside the primary disease process makes it seemingly ubiquitous in many cases. Systemic manifestation of cancer causes excess demand on body resources on cell repair, uncontrolled growth with metabolite accumulation causing fatigue. Co-morbid conditions of organic and psychological nature causes fatigue. There are many assessment tools for fatigue with different uses and objectives, simple and reproducible tools like Brief Fatigue Inventory, Edmonton Symptom assessment scale seem feasible in everyday practice. Management of fatigue is not straightforward and rewarding. Although treatment of cause appears to be an attractive option, it is not possible in all cases. Therapeutic agents targeting cytokine load is in early stages of study and available results are not favorable. Specific measures aimed at pain relief, prevention/treatment of sepsis, management of depression, avoidance of drugs causing fatigue, restoring the metabolic profile are important. Methyl phenidate, megestrol, and modafinil are some drugs with promising effect to treat fatigue, though confirmatory studies are yet to be established. Non-pharmacological methods are also helpful. Forewarning patients on upcoming fatigue, active regular exercise, and stress management are some of them. Fatigue being a multidimensional entity, single mode of therapy is insufficient. Combined modality tailored to individual patient need and understanding may be the right way to battle this ill-understood symptom. This review article examines the etiopathogenesis and management strategies of fatigue in cancer.

Narayanan Vijayakumar

2009-01-01

300

Cockayne's syndrome: a case report. Literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cockayne s syndrome is a genetic disorder with a recessive autosomal inheritance, described first by Cockayne in 1936. Patients with this syndrome present failure to thrive, short stature, premature aging, neurological alterations, photosensitivity, delayed eruption of the primary teeth, congenitally absent of some permanent teeth, partial macrodontia, atrophy of the alveolar process and caries. It could be caused by two gene mutations, CNK1 (ERCC8) and ERCC6, located on the 5 and 10 chromosomes respectively, causing two variations of Cockayne s syndrome, CS-A, secondary to a ERCC8 mutation and CS-B with ERCC6 mutation, the last one causes hypersensitivity to the ultraviolet light secondary to a DNA repair defect. The syndrome is also associated with mutations of the XPB, XPD and XPG genes. In this report we present a 9 year and 4 month old patient. He had a height of 94 cm, weight of 8.6 Kg, head circumference of 42 cm. and blood pressure of 120/80. Cachectic habitus, kyphosis, microcephaly, oval face, sunken eyes, a thin and beaklike nose, lack of subcutaneous facial fat (especially in the middle of the face), and large ears give the patient a birdlike appearance. It is notorious the photosensitivity in all the sun-exposed skin. The patient also displays delayed psychomotor skills and mental retardation. In the oral cavity we found deficient hygiene, gingivitis, cervical caries, enamel hipoplasia, abnormal position of the upper and inferior lateral incisors, macrodontia of the upper central teeth, the left one presented a caries. In the x-ray we observed congenital absence of 14, 23 and 24 teeth and mandibular hipoplasia. The aim of this review is to show the dentistry community the characteristics of the Cockayne s syndrome by means of a clinical case. PMID:16648759

Arenas-Sordo, María de la Luz; Hernández-Zamora, Edgar; Montoya-Pérez, Luis Alberto; Aldape-Barrios, Beatriz Catalina

2006-05-01

 
 
 
 
301

Medical consequences of marijuana use: a review of current literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the advent of legalization of marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes, and the increase use of marijuana, healthcare providers will be increasingly confronted with marijuana users as patients in clinical environments. While there is vast literature regarding the societal and mental health harms associated with marijuana use, there is a paucity of reviews of the potential consequences of marijuana use on physical health or medical conditions. We examine the recent literature on the physical harms associated with illicit and legal marijuana administration. We surveyed the peer-reviewed medical literature from 1998 to 2013 of studies assessing the association of marijuana use and physical diseases. We conclude that healthcare providers should be cognizant that the existing literature suggests that marijuana use can cause physical harm. However, evidence is needed, and further research should be considered, to prove causal associations of marijuana with many physical health conditions. PMID:24234874

Gordon, Adam J; Conley, James W; Gordon, Joanne M

2013-12-01

302

Engaging people who use drugs in policy and program development: A review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Health policies and programs are increasingly being driven by people from the community to more effectively address their needs. While a large body of evidence supports peer engagement in the context of policy and program development for various populations, little is known about this form of engagement among people who use drugs (PWUD. Therefore, a narrative literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of this topic. Searches of PubMed and Academic Search Premier databases covering 1995–2010 were conducted to identify articles assessing peer engagement in policy and program development. In total, 19 articles were included for review. Our findings indicate that PWUD face many challenges that restrict their ability to engage with public health professionals and policy makers, including the high levels of stigma and discrimination that persist among this population. Although the literature shows that many international organizations are recommending the involvement of PWUD in policy and program development, our findings revealed a lack of published data on the implementation of these efforts. Gaps in the current evidence highlight the need for additional research to explore and document the engagement of PWUD in the areas of policy and program development. Further, efforts to minimize stigmatizing barriers associated with illicit drug use are urgently needed to improve the engagement of PWUD in decision making processes.

Ti Lianping

2012-11-01

303

Intellectual capital: Concepts, components and indicators: A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a general review of intellectual capital literature, which includes definitions, components and indicators. We aim to gather a useful collection of indicators and definitions. After studying several related works from the literature, many definitions and indicators are identified and explain that choosing appropriate indicators depends on organizational targets. Every kind of organization can use this study to identify its more applicable and appropriate indicators to know...

2012-01-01

304

Preventing childhood unintentional injuries--what works? A literature review.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIM: The aim of this paper is to report on a systematic review of the world literature to provide information about the most effective forms of health promotion interventions to reduce childhood (0-14 years) unintentional injuries. The findings are of relevance to policy makers at a local or national level, to practitioners and researchers. METHODS: The relevant literature has been identified through the use of electronic databases, hand searching of journals, scanning reference lists, and co...

Dowswell, T.; Towner, E. M.; Simpson, G.; Jarvis, S. N.

1996-01-01

305

Laryngeal myxoma: a case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Myxomas are a rare benign neoplasm of uncertain mesenchymal cell origin, typically involving the heart. Laryngeal myxomas are uncommon, and are usually misdiagnosed as laryngeal polyp. To the best of our knowledge, there are only nine reported cases in the English literature. We report a case of a laryngeal myxoma presenting clinically as a left vocal cord polyp in a 77 year old male, and review the literature related to this rare entity. PMID:23975415

Ritchie, Angela; Youngerman, Jay; Fantasia, John E; Kahn, Leonard B; Cocker, Rubina S

2014-06-01

306

Mobility of corporate headquarter functions: A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews the recent literature on the relocation of headquarters (HQs). Overall results show that full and direct international relocations of corporate HQs are rare events. However, there is a trend that MNEs increasingly unbundle their HQs so as to spread their different HQs functions over several locations around the world. The literature on the organisation of companies shows that HQ unbundling can go hand in hand with different patterns of HQ relocations. The international trad...

2009-01-01

307

Narratives of Modern Architecture as One. A Review of The Future of Architecture: Since 1889  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Writing “histories” of architecture has become a daunting task these days. The information made available by countless books, articles, dissertations and exhibitions has rendered the historian’s mission increasingly problematic, owing to the difficulty in covering the available knowledge and in organizing it under the form of a coherent narrative.

Paolo Scrivano

2013-03-01

308

The paradox of imaging technology: A review of the literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the social scientific literature associated with medical imaging technology. Methods: An extensive search of published studies in nursing, psychology and anthropology was undertaken to support the radiography specific literature. Results: Following a broad definition of technology and its profound influence on society, an analysis of imaging literature revealed a complex relationship between technology and human interactions. Examples are cited for CT, MRI and ultrasound. Conclusion: It is suggested that any attempt to understand imaging technology must place at its centre the perspectives of patients and radiographers. Scientific descriptors must be balanced with equal deliberation given to 'soft technology'.

Murphy, F.J. [School of Radiography, University of Wales, Bangor Archimedes Centre, Technology Park, Wrexham LL13 7YP (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: f.murphy@bangor.ac.uk

2006-05-15

309

Literature review: instructional design and pedagogy science in healthcare simulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a review of the literature focused on simulation as an educational intervention in healthcare. The authors examined the literature based on four key levels: (1) the validity and reliability of the simulator, (2) the validity and reliability of the performance evaluation tool, (3) the study design, and (4) the translational impact. The authors found that the majority of research literature in healthcare simulation does not address the validity and reliability of the simulator or the performance evaluation tool. However, there are well-designed research studies that address the translation into clinical settings and have positive patient safety outcomes. PMID:21817861

Schaefer, John J; Vanderbilt, Allison A; Cason, Carolyn L; Bauman, Eric B; Glavin, Ronnie J; Lee, Frances W; Navedo, Deborah D

2011-08-01

310

Safety signal detection: the relevance of literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) represent an important risk for patients and have a significant economic impact on health systems. ADRs are the fifth most common cause of hospital death, with a burden estimated at 197,000 deaths per year in the EU. This has a societal cost of 79 billion per year. Because of this strong impact in public health, regulatory authorities (RAs) worldwide are implementing new pharmacovigilance legislation to promote and protect public health by reducing the burden of ADRs through the detection of safety signals. Although, traditionally, signal detection activities have mainly been performed based on spontaneous reporting from healthcare professionals and national health RAs, the new pharmacovigilance legislation underlines the relevance of other sources of information (such as scientific literature) for the evaluation of the benefit-risk balance of a certain product. This review aims to highlight the relevance of periodic scientific literature screening in the safety signal detection process. The authors present four practical examples where a safety signal that was detected from a literature report had an impact on the lifecycle of a drug. In addition, based on practical experience of the screening of medical and scientific literature for safety purposes, this article analyses the requirements of the new pharmacovigilance guidelines on literature screening and highlights the need for the implementation of a literature review procedure and the main challenges encountered when performing literature screening for safety aspects. PMID:24895178

Pontes, Helena; Clément, Mallorie; Rollason, Victoria

2014-07-01

311

Literature Review on Interactive Whiteboard Studies in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As a new kind of teaching aid, Interactive whiteboard combines the strengths of traditional blackboard writing and modern multimedia teaching function. It has begun to receive more and more attention and applications in Chinese educational system. By reviewing literature related to interactive whiteboard in education during the period of 2004-2011, the paper analyzed the studies on interactive whiteboard from three perspectives: teaching theory, teaching practice and users of interactive whiteboard. Based on the literature review and analysis, the paper proposed some suggestions and hopefully these suggestions could shed some lights on the better application of interactive whiteboard in education in the near future.

Dan Wan

2013-03-01

312

Literature search, review, and compilation of data for chemical and radiochemical sensors: Task 1 report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the next several decades, the US Department of Energy is expected to spend tens of billions of dollars in the characterization, cleanup, and monitoring of DOE's current and former installations that have various degrees of soil and groundwater contamination made up of both hazardous and mixed wastes. Each of these phases will require site surveys to determine type and quantity of hazardous and mixed wastes. It is generally recognized that these required survey and monitoring efforts cannot be performed using traditional chemistry methods based on laboratory evaluation of samples from the field. For that reason, a tremendous push during the past decade or so has been made on research and development of sensors. This report contains the results of an extensive literature search on sensors that are used or have applicability in environmental and waste management. While restricting the search to a relatively small part of the total chemistry spectrum, a sizable body of reference material is included. Results are presented in tabular form for general references obtained from data base searches, as narrative reviews of relevant chapters from proceedings, as book reviews, and as reviews of journal articles with particular relevance to the review. Four broad sensor types are covered: electrochemical processes, piezoelectric devices, fiber optics, and radiochemical processes. The topics of surface chemistry processes and biosensors are not treated separately because they often are an adjunct to one of the four sensors listed. About 1,000 tabular entries are listed, including selected journal articles, reviews of conference/meeting proceedings, and books. Literature to about mid-1992 is covered

1993-01-01

313

Literature search, review, and compilation of data for chemical and radiochemical sensors: Task 1 report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the next several decades, the US Department of Energy is expected to spend tens of billions of dollars in the characterization, cleanup, and monitoring of DOE`s current and former installations that have various degrees of soil and groundwater contamination made up of both hazardous and mixed wastes. Each of these phases will require site surveys to determine type and quantity of hazardous and mixed wastes. It is generally recognized that these required survey and monitoring efforts cannot be performed using traditional chemistry methods based on laboratory evaluation of samples from the field. For that reason, a tremendous push during the past decade or so has been made on research and development of sensors. This report contains the results of an extensive literature search on sensors that are used or have applicability in environmental and waste management. While restricting the search to a relatively small part of the total chemistry spectrum, a sizable body of reference material is included. Results are presented in tabular form for general references obtained from data base searches, as narrative reviews of relevant chapters from proceedings, as book reviews, and as reviews of journal articles with particular relevance to the review. Four broad sensor types are covered: electrochemical processes, piezoelectric devices, fiber optics, and radiochemical processes. The topics of surface chemistry processes and biosensors are not treated separately because they often are an adjunct to one of the four sensors listed. About 1,000 tabular entries are listed, including selected journal articles, reviews of conference/meeting proceedings, and books. Literature to about mid-1992 is covered.

NONE

1993-01-01

314

A narrative review on the effect of economic downturns on the nursing labour market: implications for policy and planning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Economic downturns and recession lead to budget cuts and service reductions in the healthcare sector which often precipitate layoffs and hiring freezes. Nurses, being the largest professional group in healthcare, are strongly affected by cost reductions. Economic downturns destabilize the nursing labour market with potential negative outcomes, including serious shortages, extending beyond the recessionary period. The objectives of this manuscript are to provide an overview of the potential short- and long-run impact of economic downturns on the supply and demand of nurses, and present healthcare decision makers with a framework to enhance their ability to strategically manage their human resources through economic cycles. A narrative review of the literature on the effects of economic downturns on the nursing labour market in developed countries was carried out with a special focus on studies offering a longitudinal examination of labour force trends. Analysis indicates that economic downturns limit the ability of public payers and institutions to finance their existing health workforce. As salaried healthcare workers, nurses are especially susceptible to institutional budget cuts. In the short run, economic downturns may temporarily reduce the demand for and increase the supply of nurses, thereby influencing nursing wages and turnover rates. These effects may destabilise the nursing labour market in the long run. After economic downturns, the market would quickly display the pre-recessionary trends and there may be serious demand–supply imbalances resulting in severe shortages. Potential long-term effects of recession on the nursing labour market may include a downsized active workforce, difficulty in retaining younger nurses, a decreased supply of nurses and workforce casualisation. Lack of understanding of labour market dynamics and trends might mislead policy makers into making misinformed workforce downsizing decisions that are often difficult and expensive to reverse. In the aftermath of an economic downturn, the costs of attracting nurses back often outweigh the short term cost savings. Effective management should support the nursing workforce by creating attractive and stable work environments to retain nurses at a manageable cost.

Alameddine Mohamad

2012-08-01

315

Modern and contemporary physics teaching: a review on recent literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a review of the literature on the teaching of modern and contemporary physics performed by consulting the articles published in leading Brazilian and international journals of science education in the period 2001 to 2006. The research focused on the papers targeted to education and it resulted in a sample of 102 articles. The studies reviewed were classified into four broad categories: didactical proposals tested in classroom, bibliographical reference to teachers, survey ...

2009-01-01

316

Limitations of the Millennium Development Goals: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) showing uneven progress, this review identifies possible limitations arising from the MDG framework itself rather than extrinsic issues. A multidisciplinary literature review was conducted with a focus on limitations in the formulation of the MDGs, their structure, content and implementation. Of 1837 MDG-related articles, 90 met criteria for analysis. Articles describe MDGs as being created by only a few stakeholders without adequate involvement by...

2013-01-01

317

Oligella infections: Case report and review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A case of Oligella ureolytica infection of a cervical lymph node is presented and previous cases of oligella infection reported in the literature are reviewed. Underlying malignancy and urinary tract obstruction were observed in many of the cases. All patients responded to antimicrobial therapy and, in those cases associated with urinary tract obstruction, surgical relief of the obstruction. The microbiology and clinical features of oligella infections are reviewed.

Baqi, Mahin; Mazzulli, Tony

1996-01-01

318

[Current status of the prevention and treatment of stoma complications. A narrative review].  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of our study was to perform a review of the literature to assess the results of prevention and treatment of stoma complications. Medline, EMBASE medical database and the Cochrane Library were searched up to December 2012. Stomal complications are prevalent and associated with a worse quality of life and increased health-economic burdens. The most common complications are attributed to stoma construction. Attention to the finer technical points performed by experienced surgeons reduces morbidity. The use of mesh reduces the risk of parastomal hernia and recurrence rates in hernia repair. Preoperative stoma site marking and postoperative care by a stomatherapist are crucial for the patients' successful adaption, improving quality of life, promoting their independence and reducing the rates of complications. PMID:24411562

de Miguel Velasco, Mario; Jiménez Escovar, Fernando; Parajó Calvo, Alberto

2014-03-01

319

Narrative Factory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis investigates the potential of narrative as a design generator and illustrates ways of extracting narratives from architecture through themed analyses of the proposed scheme. Discussions of cinematic and literary space — media traditionally dominated by narrative construction — augment discussions of architecture. The site, in both its formal and programmatic history, is discussed as the primary generator of both programme and form for the Narrative Factory. A critical stance i...

Steyn, Stephen

2013-01-01

320

Spinal intramedullary subependymomas: case report and review of the literature.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A cervical spinal intramedullary subependymoma in a 53-year-old man is reported, and the relevant literature is reviewed. Spinal cord subependymomas seem to follow a benign course. Radiotherapy should not be administered to these patients. Magnetic resonance imaging, even with enhancement, is not able to distinguish between a subependymoma and the more common ependymoma.

Giordana, Maria Teresa

1992-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Poland's syndrome - a case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report the case of a patient with congenital anomalies of the left hand associated with total absence of the pectoralis minor muscle and partial absence of the pectoralis major muscle. The radiological findings were assessed and the literature was reviewed. (author)

2000-01-01

322

One-to-One Mobile Computing. Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review is intended to provide practical information; lessons learned and promising practices which have been drawn from recent Kindergarten to Grade 12 (K-12) one-to-one mobile computing research reports and related articles. The information is presented in the form of answers to the following questions: (1) How is one-to-one…

Alberta Education, 2006

2006-01-01

323

Review of the literature relating to radiolytic oxidation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A review of the literature relating to radiolytic oxidation has been undertaken. References of direct relevance to radioactive waste disposal are scarce, but by reporting in three sections concerned with: fundamental processes: radiolysis in acid solutions; and radiolytic oxidation in the environmental context, a substantial body of information has been assembled.

Walters, W.S.; Wisbey, S.J.

1986-06-01

324

Electrorefining of uranium and plutonium - A literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a comprehensive review of the literature on uranium and plutonium electrorefining in molten salts. It covers work published from 1943 to November 1991. Electrodeposition and electrodissolution at solid and liquid metal electrodes are discussed as well as mass transfer in liquid metal and molten salt phases. (orig.).

Willit, J.L.; Miller, W.E.; Battles, J.E. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.)

1992-11-01

325

Review of Nursing Literature: Evolution of Gerontological Education in Nursing.  

Science.gov (United States)

A literature review found that (1) many students and nurses held negative views of the elderly, affecting career choices; (2) gerontological content in baccalaureate nursing programs ranged from little or none to adequate; and (3) a severe shortage of faculty prepared to teach gerontological nursing and negative attitudes toward this…

Philipose, Vimala; And Others

1991-01-01

326

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

2009-01-01

327

Individualised Educational Programmes. Part I: A Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first of two articles on individualized education programs (IEPs) reviews the literature. It traces the origins of IEPs and compares and contrasts their use in different educational systems. Issues in IEPs in the United Kingdom, other European countries, the United States, and Australia are analyzed and general implications for policy and…

Millward, Alan; Baynes, Anne; Dyson, Alan; Riddell, Sheila; Banks, Pauline; Kane, Jean; Wilson, Alastair

2002-01-01

328

Curing Schizophrenia: Rethinking Our Literature Classrooms (Resources and Reviews).  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews and critiques a recent pedagogical book entitled "Exploring Texts: The Role of Discussion and Writing in the Teaching and Learning of Literature." Considers how this book might prove useful for secondary English teachers. Provides citation and detailed analysis of the book. (HB)

Andrasick, Kathleen Dudden, Ed.

1993-01-01

329

Prevention of cytomegalovirus following solid organ transplantation: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

CMV is the most common opportunistic infection affecting SOT recipients. Although current strategies to prevent both CMV infection and disease have been effective, CMV related complications continue to occur, particularly late-onset CMV disease. This literature review article examines the benefits and disadvantages of different prevention modalities, and presents emerging strategies to better prevent CMV in organ transplant recipients. PMID:23890075

Kowalsky, Shanna; Arnon, Ronen; Posada, Roberto

2013-09-01

330

Depression in Down Syndrome: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Depression has been frequently reported in individuals with Down Syndrome (DS). The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive, critical review of the clinically relevant literature concerning depression in DS, with a focus on epidemiology, potential risk factors, diagnosis, course characteristics and treatment. Methods: We…

Walker, J. C.; Dosen, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Janzing, J. G. E.

2011-01-01

331

Lumbar hernia - a case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors present a case of lumbar hernia of inferior right space (Petit's triangle), classified as acquired hernia and diagnosed by clinical history and computed tomography. Lumbar hernia are quite rare. Authors have done a literature review of this disease. (author)

1999-01-01

332

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: A Case Series and Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM is an unusual form of acute cardiomyopathy showing left ventricular apical ballooning. It is often triggered by intense physical or emotional distress. We report here four cases of TCM and a review of the literature on the topic.

Merchant, Emily E

2008-05-01

333

Early Childhood Discipline: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

In this literature review concerning early childhood discipline we particularly highlight American children's discipline with respect to historical perspectives, generational theories, gender issues, parental styles, methods of discipline, and corporal punishment. We also address corporal punishment's history, the debate among experts, beliefs and…

Firmin, Michael W.; Castle, Sally L.

2008-01-01

334

Nosocomial Infections Transmitted Via Computers : A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this review was to discuss how current literature described nosocomial infections transmitted via computers in hospitals. It also described the various methods used to disinfect computers. The research questions in this study were; What are nosocomial infections? How do contaminated computer devices transmit nosocomial infections? and What infection control methods are applied to decontaminate computers within hospitals?

2010-01-01

335

Electrorefining of uranium and plutonium - A literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report is a comprehensive review of the literature on uranium and plutonium electrorefining in molten salts. It covers work published from 1943 to November 1991. Electrodeposition and electrodissolution at solid and liquid metal electrodes are discussed as well as mass transfer in liquid metal and molten salt phases. (orig.)

1992-11-01

336

Levodopa and melanoma: three cases and review of literature.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Three patients are reported who developed a melanoma while taking levodopa for Parkinson's disease. There were two cutaneous melanomas and one metastatic melanoma with occult primary. The literature on the association of Parkinson's disease, levodopa therapy and melanoma is reviewed. The capacity of levodopa to induce melanomas and its alleged adverse effect on the clinical course of the disease are questioned.

Rampen, F. H.

1985-01-01

337

Integrated Programs for Science and Mathematics: Review of Related Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This study presents a review of literature on the integration of science and mathematics, focusing on the dominant trends in the related studies. Majority of the studies conclude that the concept of the integration between science and mathematics is still vogue. On the other hand, there are various methods, techniques and models to achieve this…

Kurt, Kursat; Pehlivan, Mustafa

2013-01-01

338

Cardiac surgery in patients with Fabry's disease: review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fabry's disease is a rare but important cause of structural cardiac disease that may influence cardiac surgical decision making. Herein we present a case of mitral valve repair in a patient with Fabry's disease and review the cardiac-related literature on this lysosomal storage disease. PMID:22583102

Fernandez, Joss; Sigurdsson, Gardar; Farivar, Robert Saeid

2012-07-01

339

Osteopoikilosis - a case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors report a case of osteopoikilosis in a woman with HIV infection and pulmonary tuberculosis, and bone abnormalities suggestive of osteopoikilosis. The diagnosis od osteopoikilosis was incidental. Plain films and computed tomography images as well as a review of the literature are presented. To our knowledge this is the first report of association of these diseases. (author)

2002-01-01

340

Learning in Communities of Inquiry: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate learning in communities of inquiry (CoI) as the terms are defined in Garrison, Anderson, and Archer's (2000) framework. We identified 252 reports from 2000-2008 that referenced the framework, and we reviewed them using Ogawan and Malen's (1991) strategy for synthesizing multi-vocal bodies of literature

Rourke, Liam; Kanuka, Heather

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Pseudocyst of auricle — etiopathogenesis, treatement update and literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Pseudocyst of the pinna, a benign idiopathic cystic swelling is an uncommon condition. In the medline search there are over 113 cases reported in literature. Engel in 1966 reported the incidence in Chinese community. In this review article we describe the etiopathogenesis, demographic statistics and treatment modalities.

Ramadass, T.; Ayyaswamy, Gopi

2006-01-01

342

CBT and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The overall intention of this project was to enhance awareness, for those involved with persons on the autism spectrum, of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strategies for treating persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The project involved a literature review on autism and the use of CBT strategies for people with autism spectrum disorders…

Kincade, Sharon R.; McBride, Dawn Lorraine

2009-01-01

343

Managing Older Worker Training: A Literature Review and Conceptual Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews literature on educational gerontology, adult education, and training and identifies factors that may encourage or discourage older workers from participation in training. Previous research has emphasized models based on either motivation or deterrent factors. This article offers a unique exploratory model combining five…

Liu, Su-Fen; Courtenay, Bradley C.; Valentine, Thomas

2011-01-01

344

A review of the literature relating to radiolytic oxidation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review of the literature relating to radiolytic oxidation has been undertaken. References of direct relevance to radioactive waste disposal are scarce, but by reporting in three sections concerned with: fundamental processes: radiolysis in acid solutions; and radiolytic oxidation in the environmental context, a substantial body of information has been assembled. (author)

1986-01-01

345

The State of ICT Education in China: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education has made significant progress in China in the last two decades and this paper provides an overall presentation of its prevalence and usage. In this paper, a literature review has been conducted based on the research in the field of ICT in education. Eleven major issues have been…

Zhao, Jianhua; Xu, Fuyin

2010-01-01

346

Mindfully Teaching in the Classroom: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The practice of mindfulness is being used with increased frequency in schools around the world. In the current literature review we outline some of the core concepts and practices associated with mindfulness and discuss studies analysing the process of mindfulness teacher training. Preliminary research in this emerging field suggests that…

Albrecht, Nicole J.; Albrecht, Patricia M.; Cohen, Marc

2012-01-01

347

Terminology of Sexuality Expressions that Exclude Penetration: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Precise terminology is paramount in sexuality education. Most sexuality research focuses on the dichotomous concepts of sexual intercourse and virginity, yet there are many expressions of sexuality classified as neither. The purpose of this literature review is to identify and examine the various terms and definitions describing sexuality…

Menn, Mindy; Goodson, Patricia; Pruitt, Buzz; Peck-Parrott, Kelli

2011-01-01

348

Alveolar pulmonary proteinosis: case report and literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe the case of a young women with primary alveolar proteinosis, with a short period of symptoms that are uncommon for this disease, without risk factors for this entity, the clinical evolution of the patient and some complications with the treatment. We review the literature for this entity.

2009-01-01

349

Motivation to Transfer Training: An Integrative Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation to transfer is essential for the transfer of training. Without motivation, newly acquired knowledge and skills will not be applied at work. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to summarize, critique, and synthesize past transfer motivation research and to offer directions for future investigations. First, seven…

Gegenfurtner, Andreas; Veermans, Koen; Festner, Dagmar; Gruber, Hans

2009-01-01

350

Brucellosis Presenting with Pericarditis: Case Report and Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Pericarditis is a rare manifestation during the course of brucellosis. This paper describes a case of pericarditis associated with brucellosis in a 31-year-old veterinary physician with a past medical history of testicular tumor and reviews the cases of pericarditis associated with brucellosis in medical English literature.

2013-01-01

351

Teenage Pregnancy and Motherhood: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature is reviewed in terms of medical studies: who becomes pregnant, teenagers who choose to abort, psychological considerations, contraceptive utilization, attitudes of male adolescents, and the children of adolescents. The effectiveness of special programs for pregnant adolescents and their offspring and implications for policy and…

Phipps-Yonas, Susan

1980-01-01

352

Taking Stock of Project Value Creation: A Structured Literature Review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper presents the outcome of a literature review through classifying and analyzing 59 publications in project value creation literature. The analysis led to five distinct categories: Benefit Realization Management (BRM) and techniques, broad value perspective, value time frame, engineering requirements and product development. These five categories cover a wide selection of value creation literature in project contexts. The project types reported in empirical studies are mainly IS/IT and construction and a variety of other types such as R&D and strategy implementation. The literature dates back to the mid-1990s while the majority of the publications on value creation have been published since 2008. The value creation focus, or value-centric view, is thus rather recent and the research area is still developing.

Laursen, Markus; Svejvig, Per

353

Reworking the Grand Narrative. A Review of Recent Books on the Dutch Revolt  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay provides an overview of three recent works on the Dutch Revolt; Peter Arnade’s Beggars, Iconoclasts & Civic Patriots. The Political Culture of the Dutch Revolt (Ithaca, New York [etc.] 2008; S. Groenveld e.a.’s De Tachtigjarige Oorlog (Zutphen 2008; and Oscar Gelderblom’s The Political Economy of the Dutch Republic (Farnham 2009. The essay discusses their contributions to the evolving grand narrative of Dutch history in the world.

Laura Cruz

2010-03-01

354

Cuidados de enfermagem no pré-operatório e reabilitação de mastectomia: revisão narrativa da literatura Atención de enfermería en el pre-operatorio y rehabilitación de mastectomía: revisión narrativa de la literatura Nursing care during the preoperative stage and rehabilitation of mastectomy: narrative review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica realizada nas bases de dados Lilacs e Scielo, que objetivou revisar a produção científica referente aos cuidados de enfermagem no período pré-operatório e de reabilitação de mastectomia. Foram analisados dezoito artigos focalizados nas seguintes categorias: Cuidados de enfermagem no pré-operatório da mastectomia e O papel da Enfermagem na reabilitação da mulher mastectomizada. Observou-se que os cuidados de enfermagem nos dois períodos são fundamentais para um tratamento mais humanizado. No entanto, estes se encontram escassos e com orientações pouco esclarecedoras, sendo necessário um maior enfoque por parte da equipe com relação ao seu papel e cuidados prestados à mulher nessa condição.Este estudio da cuenta de una revisión de la literatura de la atención de enfermería en el pre-operatorio bien como en la rehabilitación de la mastectomía. Fueron analizados dieciocho artículos de acuerdo con las categorías: Cuidados de enfermería en el preoperatorio de mastectomía y El papel de la enfermería en la rehabilitación de las mujeres la mastectomía. Se observó que la atención de enfermería en ambos períodos es crucial para una asistencia más humanizada. Sin embargo, es escasa y con orientaciones poco esclarecedoras, es necesaria una mayor concentración del equipo en relación a su papel en la atención de las pacientes.This is a bibliographic research carried out in Lilacs and Scielo database, which aimed to review the production about nursing care during the preoperative and rehabilitation stages of mastectomy. Eighteen articles were analyzed with focus in these categories: Nursing care in the preoperative mastectomy and The role of nursing in the rehabilitation of women submitted to a mastectomy. It was observed that nursing cares, in the two periods, are a key step for a more human treatment. However, they are scarce and with little enlightening guidance there must be a greater focus on the role by the nursing team in relation to women care.

Pricilla Cândido Alves

2011-08-01

355

EFFECTS OF KINESIOTAPE ON LOWER LIMBS – A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this thesis was to collect information of the effectiveness from the use of kinesiotape on lower extremities. The thesis data collection was conducted in a form of a systematic literature review. In addition the thesis includes basic information from kinesiotaping in general which is important to get familiarized before going more in dept in the review. There is also basic information from the stages of a review to give an understanding to the reader of the method used in the r...

Niskanen, Samuli

2013-01-01

356

Psychological treatment of eating disorders. A review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to review the existing literature (PubMed database) on the psychological treatments for eating disorders (EDs), subdivided in individual, group and family therapies. Moreover new approaches and directions in this field are addressed. An extensive literature review is performed to identify the psychological treatment trials in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) published over the past 2 decades. Eighty-two studies focused on psychotherapeutic treatment of EDs are reviewed. Only a minor part of these studies are randomised and controlled. While there is evidence of the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), this is still missing for other psychotherapeutic approaches. However, there is general agreement about the importance of psychotherapy in multimodal treatments. There is still a need for a shared concept of outcome in EDs, since the efficacy of psychological treatment is greatly influenced by the definition of outcome adopted (concerning symptoms, psychosocial functioning, personality). PMID:15510087

Fassino, S; Pierò, A; Levi, M; Gramaglia, C; Amianto, F; Leombruni, P; Abbate Daga, G

2004-09-01

357

Cuidados de enfermagem no pré-operatório e reabilitação de mastectomia: revisão narrativa da literatura / Nursing care during the preoperative stage and rehabilitation of mastectomy: narrative review of literature / Atención de enfermería en el pre-operatorio y rehabilitación de mastectomía: revisión narrativa de la literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica realizada nas bases de dados Lilacs e Scielo, que objetivou revisar a produção científica referente aos cuidados de enfermagem no período pré-operatório e de reabilitação de mastectomia. Foram analisados dezoito artigos focalizados nas seguintes categorias: Cui [...] dados de enfermagem no pré-operatório da mastectomia e O papel da Enfermagem na reabilitação da mulher mastectomizada. Observou-se que os cuidados de enfermagem nos dois períodos são fundamentais para um tratamento mais humanizado. No entanto, estes se encontram escassos e com orientações pouco esclarecedoras, sendo necessário um maior enfoque por parte da equipe com relação ao seu papel e cuidados prestados à mulher nessa condição. Abstract in spanish Este estudio da cuenta de una revisión de la literatura de la atención de enfermería en el pre-operatorio bien como en la rehabilitación de la mastectomía. Fueron analizados dieciocho artículos de acuerdo con las categorías: Cuidados de enfermería en el preoperatorio de mastectomía y El papel de la [...] enfermería en la rehabilitación de las mujeres la mastectomía. Se observó que la atención de enfermería en ambos períodos es crucial para una asistencia más humanizada. Sin embargo, es escasa y con orientaciones poco esclarecedoras, es necesaria una mayor concentración del equipo en relación a su papel en la atención de las pacientes. Abstract in english This is a bibliographic research carried out in Lilacs and Scielo database, which aimed to review the production about nursing care during the preoperative and rehabilitation stages of mastectomy. Eighteen articles were analyzed with focus in these categories: Nursing care in the preoperative mastec [...] tomy and The role of nursing in the rehabilitation of women submitted to a mastectomy. It was observed that nursing cares, in the two periods, are a key step for a more human treatment. However, they are scarce and with little enlightening guidance there must be a greater focus on the role by the nursing team in relation to women care.

Alves, Pricilla Cândido; Barbosa, Izabel Cristina Falcão Juvenal; Caetano, Joselany Áfio; Fernandes, Ana Fátima Carvalho.

358

A Narrative Review of Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Obesity to Cognition and Scholastic Performance across the Human Lifespan123  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We reviewed studies that examine the relationship of energy consumption, storage, and expenditure to cognition and scholastic performance. Specifically, the literature base on nutrient intake, body mass, and physical activity is described relative to cognitive development and academic achievement. The review of literature regarding the overconsumption of energy and excess body mass suggests poorer academic achievement during development and greater decay of brain structure and function accomp...

Burkhalter, Toni M.; Hillman, Charles H.

2011-01-01

359

Review of literature for radium, protactinium, tin and carbon  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report presents a review of literature concerning the occurrence and behaviour of radium and protactinium in terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, tin in terrestrial ecosystems, and carbon in soil-plant systems following introduction as methane to sub-soils. Representative values for a range of modelling parameters have been derived from the data. The extent of literature for the four elements varies considerably in quality and quantity; data for protactinium and carbon, as methane, are particularly limited and could usefully be extended by experimental research. (author)

1990-08-01

360

Review of the literature on enzymatic reduction of nitrocompounds  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

If more accurate assessment of the risk associated with human exposure to nitrocompounds (NCs) in combustion products, drugs, industrial chemicals and agricultural chemicals are to be made. An understanding of the enzymatic reduction of NCs must be acquired. This review covers the literature through November 1982 on reduction by enzymes of nitro groups attached to organic compounds. Much of the nitroreduction literature has focused on the metabolism of p-nitrobenzoic acid, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide, the nitrofurans, and the nitroimidazoles. A few papers report the reduction of other NCs such as the nitrophenols, nitrotoluenes and nitrobenzenes. Only very limited information is available on the reductive metabolism of multi-ring NCs.

Hadley, W.M.

1983-02-01

 
 
 
 
361

Literature Review on the Management Control System of Joint Ventures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The author will review literatures analyzing the characteristics on management control mechanism and pattern in joint venture. According to the actual situation and the subject we going on studying, materials mainly are collected from Accounting and the Tax English database and Uygur Pu Chinese periodical database. We will make contribution to the literature study which research on its factors about the controlling and management problems in joint venture, and has an important guiding significance to the future study, especially in China.

Linjuan Mu

2009-02-01

362

The Treatment of Angiocentric Glioma: Case Report and Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Angiocentric glioma is a recently described tumor recognized since 2007 by the World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System. We present the only case of angiocentric glioma at our institution in the last 15 years and review the literature in an attempt to establish prognostic parameters. Our search revealed only 27 cases of angiocentric glioma in the literature. The most common presenting symptom of angiocentric glioma was seizures. Gross total resection of the lesion was curative, without need for radiation or chemotherapy.

Alexandru, Daniela; Haghighi, Bijan; Muhonen, Michael G

2013-01-01

363

Wrist synovial chondromatosis: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary synovial chondromatosis is a proliferation of cartilaginous bodies within the synovial membrane, tendon sheath or bursa. It is a rare orthopaedic entity especially when it occurs in the distal radioulnar joint. We report a 27-year-old man with recurrent synovial chondromatosis, nine years after his first operation. Although rare, synovial chondromatosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis in a patient with pain and swelling of the distal radioulnar joint. From our literature review, we report a 17% (5/30) recurrence rate for synovial chondromatosis involving the wrist joint which has not been documented in the medical literature previously. PMID:22745090

Reverté Vinaixa, Maria Mercedes; Singh, Rahul; Monyart, Joan Minguell; Llado, Gemma Duarri; Dominguez, Manuel Pérez; Feliu, Enric Castellet; Nardi Vilardaga, Joan; Palou, Enric Caceres

2012-01-01

364

Congenital glioblastoma multiforme: A case report and review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Congenital brain tumors are very rare neoplasms. The diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme in a newborn infant is a rarity. Prognosis of congenital glioblastoma has been uniformly fatal with most of the cases reported in literature having a very short survival in spite of all modalities of treatment. The authors report a case of congenital glioblastoma involving the pan right cerebral hemisphere in a two month-old infant who expired six months after tumor decompression. Literature is reviewed in light of the present case and various treatment modalities for this rare tumor are highlighted.

Kasliwal Manish

2007-01-01

365

When All Children Comprehend: Increasing the External Validity of Narrative Comprehension Development Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Narratives, also called stories, can be found in conversations, children’s play interactions, reading material, and television programs. From infancy to adulthood, narrative comprehension processes interpret events and inform our understanding of physical and social environments. These processes have been extensively studied to ascertain the multifaceted nature of narrative comprehension. From this research we know that three overlapping processes (i.e., knowledge integration, goal structure understanding, and causal inference generation proposed by the constructionist paradigm are necessary for narrative comprehension, narrative comprehension has a predictive relationship with children’s later reading performance, and comprehension processes are generalizable to other contexts. Much of the previous research has emphasized internal and predictive validity; thus, limiting the generalizability of previous findings. We are concerned these limitations may be excluding underrepresented populations from benefits and implications identified by early comprehension processes research. This review identifies gaps in extant literature regarding external validity and argues for increased emphasis on externally valid research. We highlight limited research on narrative comprehension processes in children from low-income and minority populations, and argue for changes in comprehension assessments. Specifically, we argue both on- and off-line assessments should be used across various narrative types (e.g., picture books, televised narratives with traditionally underserved and underrepresented populations. We propose increasing the generalizability narrative comprehension processes research can inform persistent reading achievement gaps, and have practical implications for how children learn from narratives.

DanielleD.Brown

2014-03-01

366

Self-Medication Practice with Nonprescription Medication among University Students: a review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To review the literature relating to self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudents.Methods: A narrative review of studies on self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudent was performed. An extensive literature search wasundertaken using indexing services available at UniversitiSains Malaysia (USM library. The following keywords wereused for the search: self-care, self-medication, over-thecountermedicine, nonprescription medicine, minor illnesses,minor ailment, university population and communitypharmacy. Electronic databases searched were Science Direct,Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Inside Web, JSTOR, SpringerLink, Proquest, Ebsco Host and Google Scholar. Theseelectronic databases were searched for full text paperspublished in English.Results: Eleven studies were identified. In general, the reviewhas shown that self-medication practice with nonprescriptionmedication highly prevalence among university students. Thereasons for self-medication are vary among this populationand the main symptoms leading to self-medication areheadache or minor pain; fever, flu, cough, or cold; anddiarrhoea.The common medication is analgesic, antipyreticproducts, cough and cold remedies, anti allergy andvitamins or minerals. The sources of the medicines arepharmacy, home medicine cabinet, supermarket/shopand other person such as family, friend, neighbours andclassmates. The sources of drug information are familymember, previous experience, pharmacy salesman,doctor or nurse, advertisement and others. The reviewalso has shown that the self-medication practice couldhave many problems.Conclusions: The review provides insights about theself-medication practices among the university students.These practices were highly prevalence among universitystudents. The symptoms leading to self-medication arevary, thus the medication used and the medicationsources. It needs an adequate drug information andappropriate pharmaceutical care in self-medicationpractice appropriately among university student. Furtherstudy looking into the self-medication related problemsassociated with non-prescription products is needed.

Dedy Almasdy

2011-09-01

367

Serious psychological distress and diabetes: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the development of a measure of serious psychological distress (SPD) in 2002, more attention is being paid to the association of SPD with diabetes outcomes and processes of care. We review the literature on the relationship between SPD and diabetes processes of care and outcomes, as well as the literature on the relationship between specific mental health diagnoses and diabetes processes of care and outcomes during the 2010 to 2011 period. There is an extensive literature on the association of mental health diagnoses with diabetes outcomes, especially for depression. Because the Kessler scale measures a much broader range of mental health issues than any specific DSM-IV/Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders diagnosis and is designed to assess SPD at the population level, additional research needs to be conducted both in clinical settings and using large administrative datasets to examine the association between SPD and diabetes outcomes and processes of care. PMID:22002804

Egede, Leonard E; Dismuke, Clara E

2012-02-01

368

Day hospice care--a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper traces the development and evaluation of day care hospice provision through analysis of the available literature. The CD-ROM was utilized to access and review the Medline, CINAHL and Healthstar databases. In addition, a hand search of Progress in Palliative Care was conducted. The literature describes the provision of a service within a day hospice, and access to day hospice services. Issues regarding the provision of a day hospice as a mechanism to meet consumer needs are explored. The literature reveals little evaluation of evidence-based practice or of the cost-effectiveness of day hospice provision. There is a dearth of research relating to day care, evaluation studies in particular. It is clearly important that future research compares outcomes with other models of service provision. PMID:9743821

Spencer, D J; Daniels, L E

1998-07-01

369

A thematic review of the spirituality literature within palliative care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research related to spirituality and health has developed from relative obscurity to a thriving field of study over the last 20 years both within palliative care and within health care in general. This paper provides a descriptive review of the literature related to spirituality and health, with a special focus on spirituality within palliative and end-of-life care. CINAHL and MEDLINE were searched under the keywords "spirituality" and "palliative." The review revealed five overarching themes in the general spirituality and health literature: (1) conceptual difficulties related to the term spirituality and proposed solutions; (2) the relationship between spirituality and religion; (3) the effects of spirituality on health; (4) the subjects enrolled in spirituality-related research; and (5) the provision of spiritual care. While the spirituality literature within palliative care shared these overarching characteristics of the broader spirituality and health literature, six specific thematic areas transpired: (1) general discussions of spirituality in palliative care; (2) the spiritual needs of palliative care patients; (3) the nature of hope in palliative care; (4) tools and therapies related to spirituality; (5) effects of religion in palliative care; and (6) spirituality and palliative care professionals. The literature as it relates to these themes is summarized in this review. Spirituality is emerging largely as a concept void of religion, an instrument to be utilized in improving or maintaining health and quality of life, and focussed predominantly on the "self" largely in the form of the patient. While representing an important beginning, the authors suggest that a more integral approach needs to be developed that elicits the experiential nature of spirituality that is shared by patients, family members, and health care professionals alike. PMID:16629575

Sinclair, Shane; Pereira, Jose; Raffin, Shelley

2006-04-01

370

Single-cone obturation technique: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The technique of single-cone obturation is a technique that uses only the master cone. There have been an increase in its use, especially by employing larger cones with larger taper sizes that best match the geometry of rotary nickel-titanium systems (NiTi, not requiring the use of accessory cones, thus reducing the time spent in endodontic obturation. Objective: To review the literature on this technique and to compare it with other existing techniques, as well as to elucidate its advantages and disadvantages. Literature review: The single-cone obturation technique enables an easier and faster endodontic obturation. However, regarding to the aspects such as the obturation quality, apical microleakage and bacterial penetration, this technique is similar to or lower than others. Conclusion: This technique has the advantage of saving time during the filling of the root canal. However, further studies are necessary to evaluate its prognosis, especially in canals with complex anatomy.

Lidiane de Castro Pinto

2012-12-01

371

Gender, Nationality and Leadership Style: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to review research available on gender and nationality as determinants of leadershipstyle, with special focus on top leaders/managers. The paper is based on a systematic literature review. Thesystematic literature search resulted in 27 papers, that were grouped in five categories: 1 Leaders’characteristics, behavior and style, 2 Perception regarding leaders, their traits and leadership styles, 3Women’s barriers towards leader positions, 4 Leadership outcome/results, 5 Effect of research methods onleader evaluation. Questionnaires were the most used research method in the reviewed studies. Almost half ofthe papers focus on the US, while the rest deal with African, Asian, and European countries. In this review, wefound that women and men have a very similar perception of a successful manager. However, women and mendisplay differences in their leader behavior and characteristics, and way of leading. “Results/outcomes” of sucha leadership can differ. The review shows, furthermore, that a glass ceiling and other barriers for women do stillexist.The paper ends by identifying the needs for further research in the study area.

Inga Minelgaite Snaebjornsson

2012-12-01

372

REVIEW OF SOME REMEDIES OF ALCOHOLISM AS PER SIDDHA LITERATURE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Alcoholism, One getting habituated to the alcohol irrespective of socio- economic factors is one of the present burning problems of the society. Various factors will get affected with the intake of alcohol like health, social, mental and economical factors, which directly influences on the growth of the person as well as society. A review of the types of alcohol, the effect of them on health and their remedies as per Siddha literature is dealt in this context.

Rajalakshmi. P

2011-02-01

373

The Economics of Media Markets : A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Media and especially mass media like newspapers or magazines are characterised by a number of peculiarities which are interesting from both a theoretical and empirical point of view.The interrelationship of reader and advertising markets,high sunk costs and large economies of scale are typical features.This paper reviews the existent literature on media markets and their peculiarities and lines out areas for further research.

Dewenter, Ralf

2003-01-01

374

Applications and literature review of the BI-RADS classification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) of the American College of Radiology (ACR) is a tool created to reduce variability in the terminology used in mammographic reports. An illustration of mammographic examples from our institution interpreted according to the BI-RADS lexicon of the American College of Radiology (ACR) is presented. A literature review concerning the usefulness and limitations of the BI-RADS lexicon is given. (orig.)

2005-05-01

375

Epididymis rhabdomyoma: A case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Genital rhabdomyoma is very rare tumor that usually occurs in the vulvar of young women. Epididymis rhabdomyoma in a young man is extremely uncommon and has rarely been reported. Here, we report a case of epididymis rhabdomyoma of a 17-year-old man and review the literatures. Virtual slide The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1177628224692794

Han Yang

2012-04-01

376

Natal teeth: Case report and review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The presence of teeth at birth or within a month post-delivery is a rare condition. A newborn, a 2 days old female, with two mandibular incisor natal teeth was examined. The teeth were mobile and were extracted because of the fear of aspiration and refusal to feed. The purpose of this report is to review the literature related to natal teeth epidemiology and discuss their possible etiology and treatment.

Rao Roopa

2009-01-01

377

Suprasellar paraganglioma: a case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Paragangliomas arising in the suprasellar region are extremely rare. We report a case of suprasellar paraganglioma in a 47-year-old man who presented with amnesia and impaired visual acuity without any endocrine dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large enhancing tumour in the suprasellar area. Following subtotal surgical excision, the diagnosis of paraganglioma was confirmed by pathology. In this case report we describe the MRI pattern of suprasellar paraganglioma and review the literature of this uncommon lesion. (orig.)

2005-10-01

378

Emergency treatment of adder bites: case reports and literature review.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Five cases of adder bites are presented. The clinical effects and current recommendations for the treatment of adder bites are described based on a review of previously published literature. All adder bites, or snake bites of unknown species, should be observed for a minimum of 2 h. Those with no local swelling may be allowed home with appropriate antitetanus prophylaxis. Patients with local reaction or signs of systemic envenoming should be admitted for 48 h with ECG monitoring, and antiveno...

1993-01-01

379

Recurrent multiple aphthous ulcerations Case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Oral aphtha is the most commonly occurring oral lesion. Dentists frequently seeing such cases put the diagnosis straight forwardly. But in certain circumstances diagnosis becomes thorny if oral aphthae mimic similar other lesions.The case reported in this paper refers to a patient with a history of recurrent multiple aphthous ulcerations; she was given symptomatic therapy followed by immunomodulation to address the recurrence of ulcers. A review of literature is additionally made.

G. Sree VIJAYABALA

2013-08-01

380

Recurrent multiple aphthous ulcerations Case report and literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Oral aphtha is the most commonly occurring oral lesion. Dentists frequently seeing such cases put the diagnosis straight forwardly. But in certain circumstances diagnosis becomes thorny if oral aphthae mimic similar other lesions.The case reported in this paper refers to a patient with a history of recurrent multiple aphthous ulcerations; she was given symptomatic therapy followed by immunomodulation to address the recurrence of ulcers. A review of literature is additionally made.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma: A case report and review of the literature  

Science.gov (United States)

We report an instructive case of extraskeletal osteosarcoma in a 63-year-old African American male who presented after an episode of recent trauma, with clinical and radiological features characteristic of this neoplasm. Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone in young adults, but the extraskeletal variety is very uncommon. The radiological and pathological features of this neoplasm will be discussed, along with a review of the literature.

Hoch, Michael; Ali, Sayed; Agrawal, Shefali; Wang, Congli; Khurana, Jasvir S.

2013-01-01

382

Procedures for study of teaching practices. Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Interest in studying teaching practices has increased, because of the need to evaluate teachers and dissatisfaction with the usual ways of doing it. Recent approaches with Value-Added Models, based on students’ results on achievement tests do not seem satisfactory. The article is based on a review of literature and classifies the approaches to practices in three groups: instruments based on information given by teachers; observation protocols; and approaches based on the analysis of product...

2012-01-01

383

Arsenic content in Portland cement: A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Portland cement (PC) is a hydraulic binding material widely used in the building industry. The main interest in its use in dentistry is focused on a possible alternative to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) because PC is less expensive and is widely available. In dentistry, PC has been used in dental procedures such as pulpotomy, pulp capping, repair of root perforation and root-end filling. The purpose of this article is review the dental literature about the PC, its composition with special ...

Tenorio de Franca Talita; da Silva Raphaela; Sedycias de Queiroz Michellini; Aguiar Carlos

2010-01-01

384

Climate Change Impacts in the Amazon. Review of scientific literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Amazon's hydrological cycle is a key driver of global climate, and global climate is therefore sensitive to changes in the Amazon. Climate change threatens to substantially affect the Amazon region, which in turn is expected to alter global climate and increase the risk of biodiversity loss. In this literature review the following subjects can be distinguished: Observed Climatic Change and Variability, Predicted Climatic Change, Impacts, Forests, Freshwater, Agriculture, Health, and Sea Level Rise.

NONE

2006-04-15

385

Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Exposures to extremely low-frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF) emanating from the generation, transmission, and use of electricity are a ubiquitous part of modern life. Concern about potential adverse health effects was initially brought to prominence by an epidemiologic report two decades ago from Denver on childhood cancer. We reviewed the now voluminous epidemiologic literature on EMF and risks of chronic disease and conclude the following: a) The quality of epidemiologic studies ...

Ahlbom, I. C.; Cardis, E.; Green, A.; Linet, M.; Savitz, D.; Swerdlow, A.

2001-01-01

386

Orbitofrontal epilepsy: Electroclinical analysis of surgical cases and literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Clinical and electrographic data were reviewed on 2 of our patients with orbitofrontal epilepsy who were seizure free at 5-year follow-up, and on 2 similar patients from the literature. One of our patients was lesional, and the other was nonlesional. Interictal EEG discharges were lateralized to the side of invasively recorded orbitofrontal seizures in the nonlesional case. In this case, no clinical manifestations occurred until the orbitofrontal discharge had spread to the opposite orbitofro...

Smith, Joseph R.; Sillay, Karl; Winkler, Peter; King, Don W.; Loring, David W.

2004-01-01

387

Hazard and operability (HAZOP) analysis. A literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hazard and operability (HAZOP) methodology is a Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) technique used worldwide for studying not only the hazards of a system, but also its operability problems, by exploring the effects of any deviations from design conditions. Our paper is the first HAZOP review intended to gather HAZOP-related literature from books, guidelines, standards, major journals, and conference proceedings, with the purpose of classifying the research conducted over the years and define the HAZOP state-of-the-art. PMID:19733970

Dunjó, Jordi; Fthenakis, Vasilis; Vílchez, Juan A; Arnaldos, Josep

2010-01-15

388

Amyloid goiter : Two cases and a review of the literature.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although involvement of the thyroid gland by amyloid is a relatively common phenomenon , clinically significant enlargement of the thyroid owing to amyloid deposition is an extremely rare occurrence. We describe two cases of amyloid goiter and review the relevant literature. The first case was systemic amy--loidosis secondary to familial Mediterranean fever. The second case was a chronic renal failure patient who presented with an enlarged thyroid and upp...

2009-01-01

389

Amyloid goiter: two cases and a review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although involvement of the thyroid gland by amyloid is a relatively common phenomenon, clinically significant enlargement of the thyroid owing to amyloid deposition is an extremely rare occurrence. We describe two cases of amyloid goiter and review the relevant literature. The first case was systemic amyloidosis secondary to familial Mediterranean fever. The second case was a chronic renal failure patient who presented with an enlarged thyroid and upper airway obstructive symptoms. To date, ...

2009-01-01

390

Perineal myxoid liposarcomas: a case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Myxoid liposarcoma is the major subtype of liposarcoma and commonly presents in the extremities, particularly in the thigh. We introduce an unusual case of a myxoid liposarcoma presenting as a large perineal swelling occupying the para-rectal and para-anal spaces in a 49-year-old male patient. The diagnosis, management, and prognosis of myxoid liposarcoma are discussed. A literature review is performed for myxoid liposarcoma. PMID:22135563

Ramasamy, Prabhu; Md Nor, Azmi; Kamil, Nil Amri M; Harun, Norra; Yusof, Mubarak M; Md Hassan, Mohd Zailani

2010-10-01

391

Surgical treatment of coccygodynia: an analytic review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Coccygodynia is a pathological condition associated with pain–discomfort all around the bottom end of the spine. The aetiology and the intensity of the symptoms may defer significantly. The effectiveness of the surgical treatment remains obscure. Our purpose, through this systematic review is to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of coccygectomy. Literature retrieval was performed by the use of the PubMed searching engine utilising the terms ‘coccygodynia–coccygectomy’ in the ...

Karadimas, Efthimios J.; Trypsiannis, Gregory; Giannoudis, Peter V.

2011-01-01

392

A Literature Review on Organization Culture and Corporate Performance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

From 1980s, there are more and more studies about organization culture. And in Chinese studies and practices, we pay much attention to the culture due to the direct relationship between the organization culture and corporate performance, which we can be convinced by some academic papers. But there are some limitations in the study. This paper would like to give a literature review about organization culture and corporate performance. Meanwhile, we would give some suggestions about the further...

Xiaoming Cui; Junchen Hu

2012-01-01

393

Recurrent double lip: literature review and report of a case.  

Science.gov (United States)

Double lip is a rare oral anomaly caused by hyperplastic tissue of the labial mucosa that becomes more prominent with tension caused by smiling. This congenital or acquired abnormality can interfere with chewing, speaking, and esthetics. Recognition of double lip and appropriate surgical treatment can reduce these potential problems. The purpose of this article is to review the literature regarding double lip and present an unusual case of recurrence simultaneously involving the upper and lower lips. PMID:19168379

Palma, Michael C; Taub, Daniel I

2009-03-01

394

A Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The report gives a Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions. It all startede when the consequences of the oil crisis became noticeable and the issue of the fossil fuels sources and the energy use were discussed. Nevertheless, in the late seventies and early eighties appeared few articles, in which phrases‘a zero energy house', ‘a neutral energy autonomous house' or ‘an energy-independent house' were used.' were used.

Marszal, Anna Joanna; Heiselberg, Per

2009-01-01

395

A Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The report gives a Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions. It all startede when the consequences of the oil crisis became noticeable and the issue of the fossil fuels sources and the energy use were discussed. Nevertheless, in the late seventies and early eighties appeared few articles, in which phrasesâ??a zero energy house', â??a neutral energy autonomous house' or â??an energy-independent house' were used.' were used.

Marszal, Anna Joanna; Heiselberg, Per

2009-01-01

396

The costs of traumatic brain injury: a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ioan Humphreys,1 Rodger Wood,2 Ceri Phillips,1 Steven Macey31Swansea Centre for Health Economics, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Wales, UK; 2Department of Psychology, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Wales, UK; 3School of Medicine, Swansea University, Wales, UKObjective: The purpose of this study was to review the literature relating to the psychosocial costs associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: Nine online journal databases...

Humphreys I; Rl, Wood; Cj, Phillips; Macey S

2013-01-01

397

Comparison of Real Asset Valuation Models: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractNPV, decision trees, and real options have been prevalently practiced in real asset valuation and management. Complexities have been built on the basic frameworks in practice. In this paper, application values and limitations of real options, NPV, and decision trees in real asset valuation are illustrated with literature review. The pros and cons of each method shed light on future improvement of real asset investment evaluation and risk modeling.

Ann Wang

2010-04-01

398

What do we know about financial literacy? A literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article provides a literature review about the dilemma of financial literacy. The individuals and families’ financial decision process is getting more vital in recent years. Given the increasingly risky and globalized markets, the actual context of global financial crisis and the continuous increasing in the complexity of financial products and services, individuals must be able to make well-informed and correct decisions. Consequently, higher levels of financial knowledge contribute t...

2012-01-01

399

Female genital mutilation in Kenya : a literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis is based on literature review and the author`s own experiences about Female Genital Mutilation in her own community in Kenya. The author will also describe Female Genital Mutilation in Kenya. WHO 1997 defines Female genital mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non medical reasons. The studies were identified through the electronic database, OVID database (CINAHL, MEDL...

Cheserem, Sarah

2011-01-01

400

Radiation-induced meningioma: with review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of tentorial meningioma occurring 12 years after radiation therapy for a verified craniopharyngioma is presented. The pertinent literature is reviewed and it is concluded that irradiation of the brain may be responsible for the late development of intracranial meningiomas, which are less common, however, than sarcomas. A long survival after irradiation, "misregeneration" in the chronic inflammatory processes induced by irradiation, and an immunodeficiency caused by irradiation and other factors, may play some role in developing oncogenesis. PMID:817405

Waga, S; Handa, H

1976-04-01

 
 
 
 
401

Conservative Management of Placenta Increta: Case Report and Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Placenta increta, a rare complication of pregnancy, is associated with significant postpartum hemorrhage often requiring emergency hysterectomy. We report a case of conservative management, with a combination of parenteral methotrexate, serial ultrasound and ?-hCG assessment. Serum ?-hCG levels were undetectable after 8 weeks of therapy. A scan at 6 months showed complete involution of the uterus. Review of the literature discussing the diagnostic tools, clinical features, management and outcome of pregnancies with placenta increta.

Fariba Yarandi

2011-06-01

402

Bezold’s abscess: case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bezold’s abscess is a deep cervical abscess arising from an acute case of mastoiditis. With the advent of antibiotics, this disease has become extremely uncommon in our region. This paper has the objective of reporting a case of Bezold’s abscess in a patient seen at the otorhinolaryngology emergency service of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, and to carry out a review of literature on the topic.

Spyros Cardoso Dimatos

2009-09-01

403

A Literature review on the tourism-led-growth hypothesis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive literature review on the temporal relationship between tourism and economic growth. Specifically, the role of a such economic activity, as a promoter of short and long run economic growth, is investigated by assessing the so-called Tourism Led Growth Hypothesis (TLGH). To this aim, various methodological approaches have been used, such as VAR, VECM, ARDL, ARCH, GARCH, cross section and panel data. The cointegrating relationship of the eco...

Brida, Juan Gabriel; Pulina, Manuela

2010-01-01

404

Cobb syndrome: case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cobb syndrome is a rare non-inherited neurocutaneous disease, in which there are metameric cutaneous and spinal vascular malformations of the trunk. In cases of segmentally distributed multiple cutaneous vascular lesions, early diagnostic imaging of the spinal cord allows prompt intervention in order to reduce permanent neurological sequelae. We report case of Cobb syndrome in a 12-year-old boy and present a systematic review of the literature. PMID:20805687

Dilmé-Carreras, Elisabet; Iglesias-Sancho, Maribel; Márquez-Balbás, Gemma; Sola-Ortigosa, Joaquin; Umbert-Millet, Pablo

2010-01-01

405

Total Jejunoileal Intussusception: A Case Report and Literature review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Small bowel intussusceptions are much less common than the ileocolic type, with jejunoileal intussusceptions being amongst the most rare1. We review the literature on small bowel intussuception, using a case of an 11-year-old girl with a jejunoileal intussusception involving the whole of the small bowel, from the level of the duodenojejunal flexure to the ileocaecal valve, as an illustrative history. The typical CT features of an intussusception and value of CT with regard to identification o...

2009-01-01

406

The Health Effect of Psychostimulants: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Prevalence of psychostimulant use is high, and raising in several countries. Nicotine is the legal stimulant causing the most important public health impact. Cocaine ranks among the most used illicit substances after cannabis. Stimulant medications are frequently misused. Psychostimulants can lead to addiction, have physical, psychological and social health consequences and can induce a great disease burden. The aim of the present article is to provide a literature review on the health effect...

Thierry Favrod-Coune; Barbara Broers

2010-01-01

407

Physiological regulation of energy balance - A review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

World-wide, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing tremendously. Clues to the prevention of overweight may well be found in a better understanding of the physiological processes involved in the regulation of energy balance and factors that influence these processes, such as dietary factors and smoking. A review of available literature presented here showed the central nervous system to play an important role in the regulation of energy balance through effects...

Sw, Berg Den; Ejm, Feskens; Hoebee B; Em, Schothorst; Jma, Boer

2007-01-01

408

Amputee fetishism and genital mutilation: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case is presented of a 49-year-old man who amputated his penis following instructions that he had obtained from the Internet. The patient had a long-standing amputee fetish, which evolved into eroticized genital mutilation. The transformation of the preferred fetish occurred in a setting of depression due to environmental stressors. The literature about amputee fetishism, also called "apotemnophilia," is reviewed, and possible connections with the genital mutilation are discussed. PMID:11056898

Wise, T N; Kalyanam, R C

2000-01-01

409

Triple X syndrome: a review of the literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The developmental and clinical aspects in the literature on triple X syndrome are reviewed. Prenatal diagnosis depends on karyotyping. The incidence is 1 of 1000 females. At birth, 47,XXX girls have a lower mean birth weight and a smaller head circumference. Triple X diagnosis was not suspected at birth. The maternal age seems to be increased. Toddlers with triple X syndrome show delayed language development. The youngest girls show accelerated growth until puberty. EEG abnormalities seem to ...

Otter, Maarten; Schrander-stumpel, Constance Trm; Curfs, Leopold Mg

2010-01-01

410

Primary Liver Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of liver is a very rare malignancy. The disease is poorly understood and few clinical studies have been conducted to help elucidate the natural course of disease, pathogenesis, optimal therapy, response to therapy, and survival. Here, we present an interesting case of primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL originating in liver. A literature review of clinical features, diagnosis, and management is also provided.

Bourhafour Mouna

2011-12-01

411

Extra-articular hip endoscopy: A review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this review is to evaluate the current available literature evidencing on peri-articular hip endoscopy (the third compartment). A comprehensive approach has been set on reports dealing with endoscopic surgery for recalcitrant trochanteric bursitis, snapping hip (or coxa-saltans; external and internal), gluteus medius and minimus tears and endoscopy (or arthroscopy) after total hip arthroplasty. This information can be used to trigger further research, innovation and education in extra-articular hip endoscopy. PMID:23610664

Verhelst, L; Guevara, V; De Schepper, J; Van Melkebeek, J; Pattyn, C; Audenaert, E A

2012-12-01

412

INJURIES IN AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL: A Review of the Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Australian Rules Football is one of the most popular sports in Australia. Successful injury prevention relies on injury surveillance to establish the extent of injuries, to monitor injury patterns and to evaluate prevention strategies. Despite the popularity of participation at the community level, few injury surveillance studies have been published, so a detailed review of the literature is vital. There is limited information available outside of the elite level. Injury statistic...

Hoskins, Wayne T.; Pollard, Henry

2003-01-01

413

Social Networks, Media and Audiences: A Literature Review  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Social networks like Facebook, YouTube and Twitter are capturing media and scholarly attention. Their spectacular growth and the public attention they command are attracting a significant amount of research and media scrutiny in English speaking countries. This literature review tries to underline some of the most salient topics in the emerging academic conversation about social media. Its goal is to identify interesting research areas in the field

Pe?rez-latre, F. J.; Portilla, I.; Sa?nchez-blanco, C.

2012-01-01

414

Quartz exposure in agriculture: literature review and South African survey.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVES: To review the published literature on respirable quartz exposure and associated disease in agricultural related settings systematically and to describe personal respirable dust and quartz measurements collected on a sandy soil farm in the Free State province of South Africa. METHODS: The published studies on exposure to respirable silica and quartz in agriculture and related settings (to June 2009) were searched systematically through 'PubMed' and critiqued. A farm in the sandy so...

Swanepoel, A. J.; Rees, D.; Renton, K.; Swanepoel, C.; Kromhout, H.; Gardiner, K.

2010-01-01

415

STUDENT’ S ENGAGEMENT IN SCHOOL: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Students’ Engagement in School has been the focus of debate concerning academic success and school dropout, and pointed out as a mean to address the problems affecting our schools and their students, not only for having value in itself, but also for being an important mediator between several academic variables. This paper reviews the research and literature on this concept and its relations with personal and contextual variables, as well as with academic performance, with the aim of summar...

Veiga, F.; Galva?o, D.; Almeida, A.; Carvalho, C.; Janeiro, I.; Nogueira, J.; Conboy, J.; Melo, M.; Taveira, M.; Festas, I.; Bahia, S.; Cladeira, S.; Pereira, Tiago

2012-01-01

416

Thyroid hemiagenesis: report of a case and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our objective was to report an incidental finding of thyroid hemiagenesis in a patient who presented with a left neck mass, present a review of literature, and to discuss management of this diagnosis. Case report and review of literature. An internet-based literature search was performed via Pubmed with key words, "hemithyroid agenesis, thyroid hemiagenesis, absent thyroid gland". Clinical, pathological, radiologic data and follow up information is reported. A 55 year old woman with a left neck mass presented to our service. A diagnostic CT scan of the head and neck revealed an unrelated finding of an absent left thyroid lobe. A review of the CT imaging did not reveal ectopic thyroid tissue. A complete physical examination including a flexible laryngoscopy was unremarkable. The neck mass was pathologically a granulomatous lesion on surgical pathology. Thyroid function tests were within normal limits. In follow-up, patient remains asymptomatic. Hemithyroid agenesis is most commonly associated with hyperthyroidism, although, hypothyroidism has been reported. Pathology that can be associated in the remnant thyroid lobe includes adenocarcinoma, adenoma, multinodular goiter, and chronic thyroiditis. In counseling patients, it is important to educate them regarding these associated conditions and offer appropriate work up if indicated. Incidental thyroid agenesis with a negative work up can then be observed. PMID:22468261

Peña, Sarah; Robertson, Hugh; Walvekar, Rohan R

2011-04-01

417

Glaucoma clinical trial design: A review of the literature  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to review the prior research evaluating design techniques for glaucoma clinical trials to help ophthalmologists and pharmaceutical sponsors better develop literature-based studies that are cost- and time-efficient. We performed this study using known published articles by the authors and literature found on Pub Med. We included 24 articles that analyzed specifically the results of clinical trial methods and/or interpretation. This review found that studies have evaluated glaucoma specific aspects of glaucoma clinical trials including: Predicting the results of later phase clinical trials based on early phase clinical trials and animal studies; protocol design parameters such as intraocular pressure, inclusion criteria, method of pressure measurement, study population, and side effect evaluation; and study planning issues such as number of clinical sites as well as subjects, dropout rates, estimated serious adverse events, and protocol violations. This review suggests that the medical literature supports some aspects of glaucoma clinical trial study design. Additional design features might be derived from government regulations, guidance, as well as agency contacts, consultants, and clinical community standards. Study design decisions that must be made beyond the aforementioned resources should be made carefully, with appropriate consultation as needed, considering the risk/benefit ratio to the study. However, more research is needed to better evaluate the design procedures and methods involved in glaucoma clinical trials to best provide a cost- and time-efficient study while achieving quality efficacy and safety results.

Stewart, William C.; Stewart, Jeanette A.; Nelson, Lindsay A.

2014-01-01

418

Review of the epidemiologic literature on residential exposure to perchloroethylene.  

Science.gov (United States)

Perchloroethylene is a solvent that is widely used for dry cleaning. There has been considerable interest in the toxicity of this chemical because of the potential for low-level exposure among a large portion of the US population. Although substantial epidemiologic literature exists on high-level occupational exposure to perchloroethylene, there are relatively few studies dealing with lower-level residential exposure. In the current paper, the author reviews this limited residential literature, with special emphasis on strengths, limitations, and consistency. Reviewed studies primarily address neurobehavioral, cancer, and reproductive endpoints. Most studies used an ecological or cross-sectional design, with exposure defined by either drinking-water contamination or proximity to dry cleaning. In general, reviewed studies were highly exploratory, with inconsistencies and potential for bias that detract from interpretation of study findings. The magnitudes of reported effects are frequently incompatible with the effects reported from much higher occupational and human-chamber exposures. Overall, few reliable conclusions can be drawn from this sparse and highly limited body of literature. PMID:21728756

Bukowski, John A

2011-10-01

419

Identifying high-risk medication : a systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract PURPOSE: A medication error (ME) is an error that causes damage or poses a threat of harm to a patient. Several studies have shown that only a minority of MEs actually causes harm, and this might explain why medication reviews at hospital admission reduce the number of MEs without showing an effect on length of hospital stay, readmissions, or death. The purpose of this study was to define drugs that actually cause serious MEs. We conducted a literature search of medication reviews and other preventive efforts. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Reviews, Psycinfo, and SweMed+ was performed. Danish databases containing published patient complaints, patient compensation, and reported medication errors were also searched. Articles and case reports were included if they contained information of an ME causing a serious adverse reaction (AR) in a patient. Information concerning AR seriousness, causality, and preventability was required for inclusion. RESULTS: This systematic literature review revealed that 47 % of all serious MEs were caused by seven drugs or drug classes: methotrexate, warfarin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), digoxin, opioids, acetylic salicylic acid, and beta-blockers; 30 drugs or drug classes caused 82 % of all serious MEs. The top ten drugs involved in fatal events accounted for 73 % of all drugs identified. CONCLUSION: Increasing focus on seven drugs/drug classes can potentially reduce hospitalizations, extended hospitalizations, disability, life-threatening conditions, and death by almost 50 %.

Saedder, Eva A; Brock, Birgitte

2014-01-01

420

LCAs of petrol and diesel - A literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have investigated the environmental impact of using biofuel in transportation compared with fossil fuels. Since these studies often use standard values for the fossil fuel reference scenario, there is a need for a thorough review of published data on fossil fuel use in transportation. This study reviewed the available literature regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy balances in petrol and diesel use and examined possible causes for the differences reported in the literature. This included differences connected to the LCA methodology itself, but also those resulting from technical and economic effects. Thirteen studies were reviewed in order to establish the level of GHG emissions and energy use in the well-to-tank perspective and, where possible, in the entire well-to-wheel perspective. The studies used different input data, allocation methods and system boundaries, but the results fell within a narrow range, since the energy content of the fuels on a tank-to-wheel basis differed only slightly, while the use phase represents most GHG emissions and energy usage in fuel life cycles. All studies reviewed reported GHG emissions values that exceeded the reference value of 83.8 g CO{sub 2}-eq/MJ fuel suggested in the EU Renewable Energy Directive.

Eriksson, Mattias; Ahlgren, Serina

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
421

A narrative review of secondary hazards in hospitals from cases of chemical self-poisoning and chemical exposure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Secondary hazards are an important consideration when dealing with both self-poisoned and chemically contaminated patients. Secondary exposure of hospital staff following the admission of a poisoned patient is relatively rare but potentially serious. Risks usually arise from chemical conversion of a deliberately ingested toxic substance and subsequent offgassing, but there may be toxic substances on the victim or their clothing. Surface contamination is a more common concern in cases where patients have been exposed to chemical releases. This paper presents a narrative review that considers some of the more commonly encountered toxic chemicals and situations that may present secondary hazards in hospitals. Risks to staff can be lowered by reducing the potential for, and duration of, exposure wherever possible. Good communication with the first responders at the scene, consultation with experts, decontamination and use of personal protective equipment, together with regular training, can minimize risks in the hospital environment. PMID:23263649

Stewart-Evans, James L; Sharman, Andrew; Isaac, James

2013-10-01

422

Is it time to drop the 'knowledge translation' metaphor? A critical literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature on 'knowledge translation' presents challenges for the reviewer because different terms have been used to describe the generation, sharing and application of knowledge and different research approaches embrace different philosophical positions on what knowledge is. We present a narrative review of this literature which deliberately sought to highlight rather than resolve tensions between these different framings. Our findings suggest that while 'translation' is a widely used metaphor in medicine, it constrains how we conceptualise and study the link between knowledge and practice. The 'translation' metaphor has, arguably, led to particular difficulties in the fields of 'evidence-based management' and 'evidence-based policymaking' - where it seems that knowledge obstinately refuses to be driven unproblematically into practice. Many non-medical disciplines such as philosophy, sociology and organization science conceptualise knowledge very differently, as being (for example) 'created', 'constructed', 'embodied', 'performed' and 'collectively negotiated' - and also as being value-laden and tending to serve the vested interests of dominant élites. We propose that applying this wider range of metaphors and models would allow us to research the link between knowledge and practice in more creative and critical ways. We conclude that research should move beyond a narrow focus on the 'know-do gap' to cover a richer agenda, including: (a) the situation-specific practical wisdom (phronesis) that underpins clinical judgement; (b) the tacit knowledge that is built and shared among practitioners ('mindlines'); (c) the complex links between power and knowledge; and (d) approaches to facilitating macro-level knowledge partnerships between researchers, practitioners, policymakers and commercial interests. PMID:22179293

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Wieringa, Sietse

2011-12-01

423

Review: Michael B. Buchholz, Franziska Lamott & Kathrin Mörtl (2008. Tat-Sachen. Narrative von Sexualstraftätern  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Den AutorInnen des umfangreichen Bandes geht es grundsätzlich um die Versachlichung des Phänomens Sexualdelinquenz. Ihr Beitrag dazu bezieht sich auf die Analyse von Therapiematerial, das mit modernen sozialwissenschaftlichen und psychologischen Methoden ausgewertet wurde. Das Forschungsmaterial, videografierte Gruppentherapiesitzungen, wurde transkribiert und in einer innovativen Kombination von Konversations-, Narrations- und Metaphernanalyse vor dem Hintergrund eines psychoanalytischen Grundverständnisses analysiert. Den LeserInnen ergibt sich so ein äußerst tiefer Einblick in die biografischen Muster, Probleme, die Einsichten, aber auch das Leugnungsverhalten und die Entwicklungsschritte von paraphilen Sexualstraftätern im therapeutischen Kontext. Die AutorInnen, die teilweise selbst in Einrichtungen der Täterbehandlung arbeiten, legen die im deutschsprachigen Raum bislang umfangreichste qualitative Forschung zur Gruppentherapie von Sexualstraftätern vor und beschreiben, was in solchen therapeutischen Prozessen geschieht. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101199

Gernot Hahn

2010-11-01

424

Health effects and wind turbines: A review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Wind power has been harnessed as a source of power around the world. Debate is ongoing with respect to the relationship between reported health effects and wind turbines, specifically in terms of audible and inaudible noise. As a result, minimum setback distances have been established world-wide to reduce or avoid potential complaints from, or potential effects to, people living in proximity to wind turbines. People interested in this debate turn to two sources of information to make informed decisions: scientific peer-reviewed studies published in scientific journals and the popular literature and internet. Methods The purpose of this paper is to review the peer-reviewed scientific literature, government agency reports, and the most prominent information found in the popular literature. Combinations of key words were entered into the Thomson Reuters Web of KnowledgeSM and the internet search engine Google. The review was conducted in the spirit of the evaluation process outlined in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Results Conclusions of the peer reviewed literature differ in some ways from those in the popular literature. In peer reviewed studies, wind turbine annoyance has been statistically associated with wind turbine noise, but found to be more strongly related to visual impact, attitude to wind turbines and sensitivity to noise. To date, no peer reviewed articles demonstrate a direct causal link between people living in proximity to modern wind turbines, the noise they emit and resulting physiological health effects. If anything, reported health effects are likely attributed to a number of environmental stressors that result in an annoyed/stressed state in a segment of the population. In the popular literature, self-reported health outcomes are related to distance from turbines and the claim is made that infrasound is the causative factor for the reported effects, even though sound pressure levels are not measured. Conclusions What both types of studies have in common is the conclusion that wind turbines can be a source of annoyance for some people. The difference between both types is the reason for annoyance. While it is acknowledged that noise from wind turbines can be annoying to some and associated with some reported health effects (e.g., sleep disturbance, especially when found at sound pressure levels greater than 40 db(A, given that annoyance appears to be more strongly related to visual cues and attitude than to noise itself, self reported health effects of people living near wind turbines are more likely attributed to physical manifestation from an annoyed state than from wind turbines themselves. In other words, it appears that it is the change in the environment that is associated with reported health effects and not a turbine-specific variable like audible noise or infrasound. Regardless of its cause, a certain level of annoyance in a population can be expected (as with any number of projects that change the local environment and the acceptable level is a policy decision to be made by elected officials and their government representatives where the benefits of wind power are weighted against their cons. Assessing the effects of wind turbines on human health is an emerging field and conducting further research into the effects of wind turbines (and environmental changes on human health, emotional and physical, is warranted.

Ollson Christopher A

2011-09-01

425

Representing Divorce, Reforming Interiority: Narratives of Gender, Class and Family in Post-Reform Chinese Literature and Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

This project stands at the juncture of modern Chinese literature, post-socialist studies, cultural history of divorce, and critical studies about global middle-class cultures. Employing analytical tools mainly from literary studies, cultural studies and feminist theories, I examine stories, novels, films and TV dramas about divorce produced…

Xiao, Hui

2009-01-01

426

Landslide Susceptibility Statistical Methods: A Critical and Systematic Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Landslide susceptibility assessment, the subject of this systematic review, is aimed at understanding the spatial probability of slope failures under a set of geomorphological and environmental conditions. It is estimated that about 375 landslides that occur globally each year are fatal, with around 4600 people killed per year. Past studies have brought out the increasing cost of landslide damages which primarily can be attributed to human occupation and increased human activities in the vulnerable environments. Many scientists, to evaluate and reduce landslide risk, have made an effort to efficiently map landslide susceptibility using different statistical methods. In this paper, we do a critical and systematic landslide susceptibility literature review, in terms of the different statistical methods used. For each of a broad set of studies reviewed we note: (i) study geography region and areal extent, (ii) landslide types, (iii) inventory type and temporal period covered, (iv) mapping technique (v) thematic variables used (vi) statistical models, (vii) assessment of model skill, (viii) uncertainty assessment methods, (ix) validation methods. We then pulled out broad trends within our review of landslide susceptibility, particularly regarding the statistical methods. We found that the most common statistical methods used in the study of landslide susceptibility include logistic regression, artificial neural network, discriminant analysis and weight of evidence. Although most of the studies we reviewed assessed the model skill, very few assessed model uncertainty. In terms of geographic extent, the largest number of landslide susceptibility zonations were in Turkey, Korea, Spain, Italy and Malaysia. However, there are also many landslides and fatalities in other localities, particularly India, China, Philippines, Nepal and Indonesia, Guatemala, and Pakistan, where there are much fewer landslide susceptibility studies available in the peer-review literature. This raises some concern that existing studies do not always cover all the regions globally that currently experience landslides and landslide fatalities.

Mihir, Monika; Malamud, Bruce; Rossi, Mauro; Reichenbach, Paola; Ardizzone, Francesca

2014-05-01

427

Serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma: a case series and literature review  

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Full Text Available P Pathiraja, S Dhar, K HaldarOxford University Hospital, Oxford, UKBackground: Minimal uterine serous cancer (MUSC or serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma (EIC has been described by many different names since 1998. There have been very few cases reported in literature since EIC/MUSC was recognized as a separate entity. The World health Organization (WHO Classification favors the term serous EIC. Although serous EIC is confined to the uterine endometrium at initial histology diagnosis, a significant number of patients could have distal metastasis at diagnosis, without symptoms. Serous EIC is considered as being the precursor of uterine serous cancer (USC, but pure serous EIC also has an aggressive behavior similar to USC. It is therefore prudent to have an accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical staging. There are very few published articles in literature that discuss the pure form of serous EIC. The aim of this series is to share our experience and review evidence for optimum management of serous EIC.Patients and methods: We report a series of five women treated in our institute in the last 3 years. We reviewed the relevant literature on serous EIC and various management strategies, to recommend best clinical practice.Conclusion: Pure serous EIC is a difficult histopathological diagnosis, which requires ancillary immunohistochemical staining. It can have an aggressive clinical behavior with early recurrence and poor survival. Optimum surgical staging, with appropriate adjuvant treatment, should be discussed when treating these patients.Keywords: serous EIC, minimal uterine serous cancer, papillary serous endometrial cancer

Pathiraja P

2013-06-01

428

Metronidazole Induced Pancreatitis. A Case Report and Review of Literature  

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Full Text Available CONTEXT: Pancreatitis is a very rare adverse effect of metronidazole with only six cases of metronidazole-induced pancreatitis reported in the English literature so far. CASE REPORT: We report a case of recurrent acute pancreatitis in a 46-year-old female associated with oral metronidazole therapy and review the literature with regards to metronidazole-induced pancreatitis. We are also highlighting the fact that the time lag between metronidazole exposure and development of pancreatitis is very variable. CONCLUSION: High degree of suspicion is warranted on the part of physicians to diagnose metronidazole induced pancreatitis in patients presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms after metronidazole exposure. If metronidazole is suspected as the causative agent then it should be discontinued and rechallenge should be avoided.

Casey KJ

2004-11-01

429

Nontechnical Barriers to Solar Energy Use: Review of Recent Literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper reviews the nontechnical barriers to solar energy use, drawing on recent literature to help identify key barriers that must be addressed as part of the Technology Acceptance efforts under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar America Initiative. A broad literature search yielded more than 400 references, which were narrowed to 19 recent documents on nontechnical barriers to the use of solar energy and other energy efficiency and renewable energy (EE/RE) technologies. Some of the most frequently identified barriers included lack of government policy supporting EE/RE, lack of information dissemination and consumer awareness about energy and EE/RE, high cost of solar and other EE/RE technologies compared with conventional energy, and inadequate financing options for EE/RE projects.

Margolis, R.; Zuboy, J.

2006-09-01

430

Morvan syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Morvan syndrome is characterized by central, autonomic, and peripheral hyperactivity. Examples of central hyperactivity include confusion, memory problems, hallucinations, insomnia, and myoclonus; examples of autonomic hyperactivity include hyperhidrosis and fluctuations in blood pressure; examples of peripheral hyperreactivity include clinical or electrophysiological evidence of painful cramps, myokymia, and neuromyotonia. We present a typical case of Morvan syndrome and the first detailed review of the clinical and therapeutic literature of all 27 cases from the English language literature. Morvan syndrome is considered to be an autoimmune disorder and antibodies against voltage-gated potassium channels are found in most cases. Oral immunomodulatory therapy, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasmapharesis may be entertained. Thymoma is found in approximately 50% of cases and thymectomy may be curative as in our particular case. PMID:22622167

Abou-Zeid, Elias; Boursoulian, Lana Jeradeh; Metzer, Walter S; Gundogdu, Betul

2012-06-01

431

Calcification of vestibular schwannoma: a case report and literature review  

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Full Text Available Abstract Calcification rarely occurs in vestibular schwannoma (VS, and only seven cases of calcified VS have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a 48-year-old man with VS, who had a history of progressive left-sided hearing loss for 3 years. Neurological examination revealed that he had left-sided hearing loss and left cerebellar ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography angiography showed a mass with calcification in the left cerebellopontine angle (CPA. The tumor was successfully removed via suboccipital craniotomy, and postoperative histopathology showed that the tumor was a schwannoma. We reviewed seven cases of calcified VS that were previously reported in the literature, and we analyzed and summarized the characteristics of these tumors, including the calcification, texture, and blood supply. We conclude that calcification in VS is associated with its texture and blood supply, and these characteristics affect the surgical removal of the tumor.

Zhang Yang

2012-10-01

432

Spontaneous regression of sequestrated lumbar disc herniations: Literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lumbar disc herniations (LDH) may regress with conservative management; however, this phenomenon is poorly understood for the sequestrated subtype of LDH. We present one of the first comprehensive literature reviews specifically addressing the spontaneous regression of sequestrated intervertebral discs. We reviewed all publications with lumbar disc herniations, sequestrated subtype. Our results were then narrowed to patients who experienced spontaneous regression of the sequestration. Based on our literature review of 53 cases, patients with sequestrated lumbar disc herniations experienced symptomatic resolution in a mean of 1.33±1.34 months and radiographic resolution in 9.27±13.32 months. Symptomatic patients with sequestrated discs present similarly to those with other types of lumbar disc herniations. Sequestrations may have the highest likelihood to radiographically regress in the shortest time frame in comparison to the remaining subtypes of LDH. The most likely mechanism for regression is an inflammatory response elicited against the free fragment. Patients with disc sequestrations may be managed conservatively, in the absence of intractable pain, inability to walk, weakness or symptoms suggestive of cauda equina syndrome. PMID:24630494

Macki, Mohamed; Hernandez-Hermann, Marta; Bydon, Mohamad; Gokaslan, Aaron; McGovern, Kelly; Bydon, Ali

2014-05-01

433

Malignant melanoma of the oral cavity: A review of literature  

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Full Text Available Oral malignant melanoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm of the middle age. This malignancy commonly affects male subjects and is more frequently seen at the level of the hard palate and gingiva. At present, the clinicopathological classification of oral melanoma is not yet clearly outlined; consequently, the skin form is often taken as a reference. In many cases (up to 30%, the diagnosis of melanoma is made on lesions, which have evolved from the pre-existing pigmented lesions. The poor prognosis of oral melanomas requires that pigmented lesions of undetermined origin be routinely biopsied. The surgical approach, combined with the chemotherapeutic one, is the first choice treatment. The purpose of this study is to review literature that has been published about malignant melanoma of the oral cavity. Materials and Methods: Thirty-eight published articles and 8 textbooks related to oral malignant melanoma and been published in the last two decades are reviewed. Conclusion: The review of literature in the field of malignant melanoma of the oral cavity show that this malignancy might be different from cutaneous malignant melanomas, and new criteria for diagnosis and therapy should be considered for this disease. Physicians and dentists who treat problems of the oral cavity should be aware of the need for early diagnosis of oral melanomas and performing biopsies of doubtful pigmented lesions.

Hashemi Pour M

2008-01-01

434

The Health Effect of Psychostimulants: A Literature Review  

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Full Text Available Prevalence of psychostimulant use is high, and raising in several countries. Nicotine is the legal stimulant causing the most important public health impact. Cocaine ranks among the most used illicit substances after cannabis. Stimulant medications are frequently misused. Psychostimulants can lead to addiction, have physical, psychological and social health consequences and can induce a great disease burden. The aim of the present article is to provide a literature review on the health effects of stimulants as potential drugs of abuse. It will cover essentially cocaine, amphetamines and its derivatives (including methamphetamines and 3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, ecstasy, nicotine, caffeine and khat, and touch upon the issues of prescribed substances (anti-depressants, weight control medications, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder medications, hypersomniac disorder. Their pharmacology, addictive potential, health consequences and treatment will be discussed. We used Medline for the literature review from 1990 to the date of this review, and mention the findings of human and animal studies (the latter only if they are of clinical relevance.

Barbara Broers

2010-07-01

435

Literature Review of Analytical Support to Defence Transformation: Lessons Learned from Turkish Air Force Transformation Activities.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we conveyed a literature review about defence transformation efforts of several armed forces. Literature review is summarized in the following topics: Transformation aspect, the need for transformation, the methods/methodology used, and act...

B. Eren O. N. Gur S. Erol

2010-01-01

436

Electrophysiological examination in uveitis: a review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Marilita M Moschos,1 Nikolaos S Gouliopoulos,1 Christos Kalogeropoulos2 1Laboratory of Electrophysiology, First Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece Purpose: Uveitis is the inflammation of the uveal tract, which usually also affects the retina and vitreous humor. The electrophysiological examination is an objective ocular examination that includes the electroretinogram, visual evoked potentials, the electrooculogram, the multifocal electroretinogram, and multifocal visual evoked potentials. Our aim is to review the literature of the use of the electrophysiological examination in cases of uveitis. Methods: We performed a systematic search of the literature of published papers until October 2012 using the PubMed search engine. The key terms that were used were “uveitis,” “electrophysiological examination”, “electroretinogram”, “visual evoked potentials”, “electro-oculogram”, “multifocal electroretinogram”, and “multifocal visual evoked potentials” in multiple combinations. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review concerning the assessment of electrophysiology in uveitis. Results: Our search of the literature demonstrated that the electrophysiological examination, mainly by means of electroretinogram, multifocal electroretinogram, and visual evoked potentials, is performed in several cases of uveitis for many purposes, including diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression and treatment efficacy. The electrophysiological examination is more useful in patients with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, birdshot chorioretinopathy, Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease, Adamantiades–Behçet disease, ocular syphilis, and Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis. Conclusion: This review summarizes the use of the electrophysiological examination in uveitic patients and underlines its value as a useful tool in the objective assessment and the monitoring of the disease. Keywords: uveitis, ERG, mfERG, VEP

Moschos MM