WorldWideScience
1

Sports-related concussion: A narrative review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Sports-related concussion has gained widespread interest and media attention in recent years due to the potential dangers and long-term consequences. Despite several international consensus statements there remains a great deal of uncertainty surrounding these injuries. This paper is a review of recent literature on the topic of concussion, consisting of: biomechanics, pathophysiology, diagnosis and sideline management.

Marshall, Cameron M.

2012-01-01

2

Chiropractic treatment and the enhancement of sport performance: a narrative literature review  

OpenAIRE

A literature search and narrative review was carried out with the intent of determining the current level of knowledge regarding the chiropractic treatment of athletes for the purpose of sport performance enhancement. Of the fifty-nine relevant articles retrieved, only 7 articles of variable quality were obtained which specifically investigated/discussed chiropractic treatment and its involvement in sport performance enhancement. The role of the chiropractor in sport, unsubstantiated claims o...

Miners, Andrew L.

2010-01-01

3

Concussions in the NHL: A narrative review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Ice hockey has been identified as a sport with a high risk for concussions. Given the health sequelae associated with the injury, a great deal of attention has been placed on its diagnosis, management and return-to-play protocols. The highest level of ice hockey in North America is played in the National Hockey League (NHL), and concussions pose a serious threat to the health of the players and the game itself. Unfortunately, the scientific literature on concussions in ice hockey is derived m...

Izraelski, Jason

2014-01-01

4

The current evidence base for the clinical nurse leader: a narrative review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical nurse leader (CNL) is a relatively new nursing role, introduced in 2003 through the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN). A narrative review of the extant CNL literature was conducted with the aim of comprehensively summarizing the broad and methodologically diverse CNL evidence base. The review included 25 implementation reports, 1 CNL job analysis, 7 qualitative and/or survey studies, and 3 quantitative studies. All CNL implementation reports and studies described improved care quality outcomes after introduction of the role into a care delivery microsystem. Despite preliminary evidence supporting the CNL as an innovative new nursing role capable of consistently improving care quality wherever it is implemented, CNLs are still struggling to define the role to themselves and to the health care spectrum at large. Although the AACN CNL White Paper provides a concise model for CNL educational curriculum and end competencies, there is a compelling need for further research to substantively delineate the CNL role in practice, define care delivery structures and processes that influence CNL integration, and develop indicators capable of capturing CNL-specific contributions to improved care quality. PMID:24720939

Bender, Miriam

2014-01-01

5

The (mis)Measurement of M&A Performance : A Systematic Narrative Literature Review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper seeks to further the understanding of the variety of meanings M&A scholars attach to the label “M&A performance” by providing an alternative way to interpret the claimed inconsistency of M&A research findings. While many scholars contend that the problem stems from the multiplicity of M&A performance measures, we believe the problem rests in trying to compare different measures as if they were measuring the same feature of the organization. Through our narrative review of empirical research we analyze factors shaping the M&A – as well as the organizational – performance measurement process. The conclusion is that it is not possible to talk about M&A performance as if it was a universal construct.

Meglio, Olimpia; Risberg, Annette

2011-01-01

6

Current status of emergency department triage in mainland China: A narrative review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this review, the current status of emergency department triage in mainland China is explored, with the purpose of generating a deeper understanding of the topic. Literature was identified through electronic databases, and was included for review if published between 2002 and 2012, included significant discussion of daily emergency department triage in mainland China, was peer reviewed, and published in English or Chinese. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes which emerged from the reviewed literature. This resulted in 21 articles included for review. Four themes emerged from the review: triage process, triage training, qualification of triage nurses, and quality of triage. The review demonstrates that there is currently not a unified approach to emergency department triage in mainland China. Additionally, there are limitations in triage training for nurses and confusion around the role of triage nurses. This review highlights that emergency department triage in mainland China is still in its infancy and that more research is needed to further develop the role of triage. PMID:25196171

Peng, Lingli; Hammad, Karen

2014-09-01

7

Risks to emergency medical responders at terrorist incidents: a narrative review of the medical literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

As the threat of international terrorism rises, there is an increasing requirement to provide evidence-based information and training for the emergency personnel who will respond to terrorist incidents. Current major incident training advises that emergency responders prioritize their own personal safety above that of the 'scene and survivors'. However, there is limited information available on the nature of these threats and how they may be accurately evaluated. This study reviews the published medical literature to identify the hazards experienced by emergency responders who have attended previous terrorist incidents. A PubMed literature search identified 10,894 articles on the subject of 'terrorism', and there was a dramatic increase in publications after the 9/11 attacks in 2001. There is heterogeneity in the focus and quality of this literature, and 307 articles addressing the subject of scene safety were assessed for information regarding the threats encountered at terrorist incidents. These articles demonstrate that emergency responders have been exposed to both direct terrorist threats and environmental scene hazards, including airborne particles, structural collapse, fire, and psychological stress. The emphasis of training and preparedness for terrorist incidents has been primarily on the direct threats, but the published literature suggests that the dominant causes of mortality and morbidity in responders after such incidents are the indirect environmental hazards. If the medical response to terrorist incidents is to be based on evidence rather than anecdote, analysis of the current literature should be incorporated into major incident training, and consistent collection of key data from future incidents is required. PMID:25323086

Thompson, Julian; Rehn, Marius; Lossius, Hans; Lockey, David

2014-09-24

8

Teachers' perspectives of supporting pupils with long-term health conditions in mainstream schools: a narrative review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers are supporting an increasing number of pupils with long-term health conditions in mainstream schools. The aim of this literature review was to critically appraise and synthesise research that has examined teachers' perceptions of the key barriers and facilitators to supporting pupils with long-term conditions, teachers' training needs and interventions that aim to improve teachers' knowledge of long-term conditions, and teachers' confidence in supporting children and young people. A narrative literature review was conducted using a systematic search of computerised databases and manual searches of key journals and reference lists to retrieve studies published between 2003 and 2013. Studies were critically appraised and key themes across studies identified. In total, 61 papers from 58 studies were included in the review. The findings suggest that teachers receive little formal training relevant to long-term condition management and are fearful of the risks involved in teaching children and young people with long-term conditions. Communication between families, school and health and social care services appears to be poor. Educational programmes developed in conjunction with and/or delivered by healthcare professionals seem to have the potential to increase teachers' knowledge and confidence. This review suggests that healthcare professionals have an important role to play in supporting teachers in identifying and meeting the needs of pupils with long-term conditions. It is vital that pupils with long-term conditions receive appropriate care and support in schools to ensure their safety and help them to integrate with their peers and achieve their academic potential. Limitations in the current evidence are highlighted and implications for future research are identified. PMID:24666555

Hinton, Denise; Kirk, Susan

2015-03-01

9

Music Interventions for Children with Autism: Narrative Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

It is widely reported that music can be beneficial to individuals with autism. This review was undertaken to determine the evidence base for the use of music as an intervention for children with autism. After searching relevant databases, 128 articles were identified of which 20 articles met the study's inclusion criteria. Composed songs and…

Simpson, Kate; Keen, Deb

2011-01-01

10

Heart rate variability measurement and clinical depression in acute coronary syndrome patients: narrative review of recent literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Patricia RE Harris,1 Claire E Sommargren,2 Phyllis K Stein,3 Gordon L Fung,4,5 Barbara J Drew6,7 1ECG Monitoring Research Lab, 2Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; 3Heart Rate Variability Laboratory, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA; 4Asian Heart & Vascular Center at Mount Zion, Division of Cardiology, University of California, 5Cardiology Consultation Service, Cardiac Noninvasive Laboratory, and The Enhanced External Counterpulsation Unit, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, 6Division of Cardiology, 7Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA Aim: We aimed to explore links between heart rate variability (HRV and clinical depression in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS, through a review of recent clinical research literature. Background: Patients with ACS are at risk for both cardiac autonomic dysfunction and clinical depression. Both conditions can negatively impact the ability to recover from an acute physiological insult, such as unstable angina or myocardial infarction, increasing the risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. HRV is recognized as a reflection of autonomic function. Methods: A narrative review was undertaken to evaluate state-of-the-art clinical research, using the PubMed database, January 2013. The search terms “heart rate variability” and “depression” were used in conjunction with “acute coronary syndrome”, “unstable angina”, or “myocardial infarction” to find clinical studies published within the past 10 years related to HRV and clinical depression, in patients with an ACS episode. Studies were included if HRV measurement and depression screening were undertaken during an ACS hospitalization or within 2 months of hospital discharge. Results: Nine clinical studies met the inclusion criteria. The studies' results indicate that there may be a relationship between abnormal HRV and clinical depression when assessed early after an ACS event, offering the possibility that these risk factors play a modest role in patient outcomes. Conclusion: While a definitive conclusion about the relevance of HRV and clinical depression measurement in ACS patients would be premature, the literature suggests that these measures may provide additional information in risk assessment. Potential avenues for further research are proposed. Keywords: autonomic nervous system, depressive disorder, outcomes research, risk assessment

Harris PR

2014-07-01

11

The ongoing impacts of hepatitis c - a systematic narrative review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Many countries have developed, or are developing, national strategies aimed at reducing the harms associated with hepatitis C infection. Making these strategies relevant to the vast majority of those affected by hepatitis C requires a more complete understanding of the short and longer term impacts of infection. We used a systematic approach to scope the literature to determine what is currently known about the health and psychosocial impacts of hepatitis C along the trajectory from exposure to ongoing chronic infection, and to identify what knowledge gaps remain. Methods PubMed, Current Contents and PsychINFO databases were searched for primary studies published in the ten years from 2000–2009 inclusive. Two searches were conducted for studies on hepatitis C in adult persons focusing on: outcomes over time (primarily cohort and other prospective designs; and the personal and psychosocial impacts of chronic infection. All retrieved studies were assessed for eligibility according to specific inclusion/exclusion criteria, data completeness and methodological coherence. Outcomes reported in 264 included studies were summarized, tabulated and synthesized. Results Injecting drug use (IDU was a major risk for transmission with seroconversion occurring relatively early in injecting careers. Persistent hepatitis C viraemia, increasing age and excessive alcohol consumption independently predicted disease progression. While interferon based therapies reduced quality of life during treatment, improvements on baseline quality of life was achieved post treatment – particularly when sustained viral response was achieved. Much of the negative social impact of chronic infection was due to the association of infection with IDU and inflated assessments of transmission risks. Perceived discrimination was commonly reported in health care settings, potentially impeding health care access. Perceptions of stigma and experiences of discrimination also had direct negative impacts on wellbeing and social functioning. Conclusions Hepatitis C and its management continue to have profound and ongoing impacts on health and social well being. Biomedical studies provided prospective information on clinical aspects of infection, while the broader social and psychological studies presented comprehensive information on seminal experiences (such as diagnosis and disclosure. Increasing the focus on combined methodological approaches could enhance understanding about the health and social impacts of hepatitis C along the life course.

Miller Emma R

2012-08-01

12

Narrative Reflecting Team Supervision: A Literature Review and Quantitative Examination of Narrative Reflecting Team Supervisions' Impact on Self-Efficacy of Counseling Trainees  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact a narrative reflecting team experience has on counselor self-efficacy. Through a quasi-experimental design, the use of a narrative reflecting team supervision model was compared to supervision as usual with graduate counseling students (N = 12). The Counselor Self-Estimate Inventory (COSE) was…

Prindle, Julie E. Convy

2012-01-01

13

Tensions and Paradoxes in Electronic Patient Record Research: A Systematic Literature Review Using the Meta-narrative Method  

OpenAIRE

Background: The extensive and rapidly expanding research literature on electronic patient records (EPRs) presents challenges to systematic reviewers. This literature is heterogeneous and at times conflicting, not least because it covers multiple research traditions with different underlying philosophical assumptions and methodological approaches. Aim: To map, interpret and critique the range of concepts, theories, methods and empirical findings on EPRs, with a particular emphasis on the ...

Greenhalgh, T.; Potts, H. W. W.; Wong, G.; Bark, P.; Swinglehurst, D.

2009-01-01

14

RAMESES publication standards: meta-narrative reviews  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Meta-narrative review is one of an emerging menu of new approaches to qualitative and mixed-method systematic review. A meta-narrative review seeks to illuminate a heterogeneous topic area by highlighting the contrasting and complementary ways in which researchers have studied the same or a similar topic. No previous publication standards exist for the reporting of meta-narrative reviews. This publication standard was developed as part of the RAMESES (Realist And MEta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards project. The project's aim is to produce preliminary publication standards for meta-narrative reviews. Methods We (a collated and summarized existing literature on the principles of good practice in meta-narrative reviews; (b considered the extent to which these principles had been followed by published reviews, thereby identifying how rigor may be lost and how existing methods could be improved; (c used a three-round online Delphi method with an interdisciplinary panel of national and international experts in evidence synthesis, meta-narrative reviews, policy and/or publishing to produce and iteratively refine a draft set of methodological steps and publication standards; (d provided real-time support to ongoing meta-narrative reviews and the open-access RAMESES online discussion list so as to capture problems and questions as they arose; and (e synthesized expert input, evidence review and real-time problem analysis into a definitive set of standards. Results We identified nine published meta-narrative reviews, provided real-time support to four ongoing reviews and captured questions raised in the RAMESES discussion list. Through analysis and discussion within the project team, we summarized the published literature, and common questions and challenges into briefing materials for the Delphi panel, comprising 33 members. Within three rounds this panel had reached consensus on 20 key publication standards, with an overall response rate of 90%. Conclusion This project used multiple sources to draw together evidence and expertise in meta-narrative reviews. For each item we have included an explanation for why it is important and guidance on how it might be reported. Meta-narrative review is a relatively new method for evidence synthesis and as experience and methodological developments occur, we anticipate that these standards will evolve to reflect further theoretical and methodological developments. We hope that these standards will act as a resource that will contribute to improving the reporting of meta-narrative reviews. To encourage dissemination of the RAMESES publication standards, this article is co-published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing and is freely accessible on Wiley Online Library (http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/jan. Please see related articles http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/21 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/22

Wong Geoff

2013-01-01

15

Narrative Review: Fabry Disease  

Science.gov (United States)

Physiology in Medicine review article. Fabry disease is an X-linked, hereditary, lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A, which results in the accumulation of the neutral glycosphingolipid globotriaosylceramide. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with intravenous infusions of recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A consistently decreases Gb3 levels in plasma and clears lysosomal inclusions from vascular endothelial cells.

MD/PhD Joe T.R. Clarke (Hospital for Sick Children Div. of Clinical & Metabolic Genetics)

2007-01-01

16

The association of genetic variations with sensitivity of blood pressure to dietary salt: A narrative literature review  

OpenAIRE

Salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Up to 50% of patients with essential hypertension are salt-sensitive, as manifested by a rise in BP with salt intake. Several genetic variations have been identified as being associated with salt sensitivity. The present study aimed to review the evidence on the effect of gene polymorphisms on the salt sensitivity of BP. We searched in PubMed website from 1990 to 2011, with the use of following...

Doaei, Saeid; Gholamalizadeh, Maryam

2014-01-01

17

Is patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis an under-recognised outcome of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? A narrative literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent disease capable of being a potent source of knee symptoms. Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction (ACLR) are well-established risk factors for the development of tibiofemoral joint OA, PFJ OA after ACL reconstruction has gone largely unrecognised. This is despite the high prevalence of anterior knee pain after ACLR, which can reduce the capacity for physical activity and quality of life. The susceptibility of the PFJ to degenerative change after ACLR may have implications for current rehabilitation strategies. This review summarises the evidence describing the prevalence of PFJ OA after ACLR and examines why this compartment may be at increased risk of early onset OA after ACLR. Strategies that address the modifiable factors for risk of PFJ OA may aid in alleviating joint loads and symptoms for people after ACLR. PMID:23038783

Culvenor, Adam G; Cook, Jill L; Collins, Natalie J; Crossley, Kay M

2013-01-01

18

The association of genetic variations with sensitivity of blood pressure to dietary salt: A narrative literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Up to 50% of patients with essential hypertension are salt-sensitive, as manifested by a rise in BP with salt intake. Several genetic variations have been identified as being associated with salt sensitivity. The present study aimed to review the evidence on the effect of gene polymorphisms on the salt sensitivity of BP. We searched in PubMed website from 1990 to 2011, with the use of following keywords: "hypertension, dietary salt, polymorphisms, and blood pressure". The effect of sodium intake on BP differed by genotype at the genes of the renin-angiotensin system, aldosterone synthase, cytochrome p450 3A, epithelial sodium channel genes, genes of sympathetic nervous system, ?-3 subunit of G-protein, alpha-adducin, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, Kallikrein-Kinin system. These approaches suggest that these polymorphisms may be potentially useful genetic markers of BP response to dietary salt. There is evidence that genetic predisposition modulates the BP response to diet. Therefore, diet and nutrition can mitigate or enhance the effects of genetic predisposition. Increasing our knowledge of this relationship can lead to individualized treatment and increased understanding of hypertension. PMID:25161689

Doaei, Saeid; Gholamalizadeh, Maryam

2014-05-01

19

Acute and chronic pain: a narrative review of the literature / Dolor agudo y crónico: revisión narrativa de la literatura / Dor aguda e crônica: revisão narrativa da literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Os objetivos do estudo foram identificar as repercussões orgânicas, emocionais e psíquicas prevalentes em pacientes com dor aguda e dor crônica e pontuar os principais instrumentos de avaliação para essas dores. Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa da literatura, utilizando-se descritores relacionado [...] s a medição da dor, cuidados de enfermagem, sinais e sintomas, totalizando 184 artigos. As bases eletrônicas pesquisadas foram LILACS e MEDLINE, entre janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2010. Esta revisão pontuou uma série de estudos conclusivos sobre as repercussões orgânicas mais freqüentes nos quadros álgicos agudos e crônicos e o uso de escalas de avaliação distintas para ambas as situações. Acredita-se que esses achados possam ser de grande valia para as equipes de saúde, contribua com melhores práticas e satisfação do cliente nos cenários intra hospitalar e domiciliário. Abstract in spanish Los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar las repercusiones orgánicas, emocionales y psíquicas prevalentes en pacientes con dolor agudo y dolor crónico y puntuar los principales instrumentos de evaluación para esos dolores. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura, utilizándose descript [...] ores relacionados a la medición del dolor, cuidados de enfermería, signos y síntomas, en un total de 184 artículos. Las bases electrónicas investigadas fueron LILACS y MEDLINE, entre enero de 2000 a diciembre de 2010. Esta revisión puntuó una serie de estudios conclusivos sobre las repercusiones orgánicas más frecuentes en los cuadros álgicos agudos y crónicos y el uso de escalas de evaluación distintas para ambas situaciones. Se cree que esos hallazgos podrán ser de gran valía para los equipos de salud y que contribuya con mejores prácticas y satisfacción del cliente en los escenarios intra hospitalario y domiciliario. Abstract in english The study objectives were to identify the organic, emotional and psychic prevalent consequences in patients with acute and chronic pain and punctuate the main assessment tools for these pains. A narrative review of the literature was conducted using descriptors related to pain measurement, signs and [...] symptoms, totalizing 184 articles. The electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS were searched from January 2000 to December 2010. The review pointed out a series of conclusive studies about the organic repercussions more frequent in acute and chronic pain conditions and the use of different rating scales for both situations. It is believed that these findings could be of great values for health teams, could contribute with a better practice and with customer satisfaction in the hospital scenario and at home.

Ana Maria Calil, Sallum; Dayse Maioli, Garcia; Mariana, Sanches.

20

Displacement and Knowledge Construction in Literature Reviews.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two literature reviews are interpreted to demonstrate how they are informed by what the author labels the "displacement story," that is, a story of how one prevailing professional paradigm is replaced by another. This study demonstrates how the narration, structure, and language in each review render particular tellings of the displacement story.…

Steinley, Gary

21

Elementary Science Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents a literature review of elementary science and design technology education research. The review is intended to provide direction to the elementary science working groups charged with the responsibility to revise the "Alberta Elementary Science Program" (1996) by reflecting current ideas reported in research literature. The…

Gustafson, Brenda; MacDonald, Dougal; d'Entremont, Yvette

2007-01-01

22

A Wikipedia Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

This paper was originally designed as a literature review for a doctoral dissertation focusing on Wikipedia. This exposition gives the structure of Wikipedia and the latest trends in Wikipedia research.

Martin, Owen S.

2011-01-01

23

Repatriation Adjustment: Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Expatriation is a widely studied area of research in work and organizational psychology. After expatriates accomplish their missions in host countries, they return to their countries and this process is called repatriation. Adjustment constitutes a crucial part in repatriation research. In the present literature review, research about repatriation adjustment was reviewed with the aim of defining the whole picture in this phenomenon. Present research was classified on the basis of a theoretica...

Gamze Arman

2009-01-01

24

Homework. Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Although homework is assigned for a variety of academic and non-academic purposes, there is disagreement within the educational community about the value of homework and the amount of homework students should be assigned. This Literature Review summarizes the benefits and drawbacks of homework and examines how much time students should and…

Blazer, Christie

2009-01-01

25

Oral Narrative Genres as Dialogic Resources for Classroom Literature Study: A Contextualized Case Study of Conversational Narrative Discussion  

Science.gov (United States)

Five questions guided a case study exploring the relationship between oral narrative and discussion in middle school literature study: (a) Relative to similar classrooms in a large-scale study, how can overall literature instruction be characterized? (b) Relative to similar classrooms in a large-scale study, how well do students achieve in the…

Juzwik, Mary M.; Nystrand, Martin; Kelly, Sean; Sherry, Michael B.

2008-01-01

26

Lysimeter literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Many reports have been published concerning the use of lysimeters to obtain data on the performance of buried radioactive waste. This document presents a review of some of those reports. This review includes lysimeter studies using radioactive waste forms at Savannah River Site, Hanford Site, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory; radionuclide tracer studies at Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment and Los Alamos National Laboratory; and water movement studies at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Beltsville, Maryland site, at the Hanford Site, and at New Mexico State University. The tests, results, and conclusions of each report are summarized, and conclusions concerning lysimeter technology are presented from an overall analysis of the literature. 38 refs., 44 figs., 9 tabs

27

Periimplantitis treatment: literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction and objective: The aim of this study was to review in theliterature the aim modalities of periimplantitis treatment. They were study the use of buccal antiseptics, antimicrobial treatment, open debridment,close debridment, osseous grafts, the use of membranes, combination with osseous grafts and membrane technique and laserteraphy.Literature review: The most of studies showed cases about these treatment types but only one related a specific protocol of peri-implantar disease. All of other demonstrated treatment associations had success on the most absolute cases, independent of treatment. Conclusion: The techniques association of treatment is valid and necessary, but to have a more specific conclusion should be done more studies in humans.

Leonardo FRANCIO

2008-08-01

28

Onychomadesis: literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Onychomadesis is characterized by separation of the nail plate from the matrix with persistent attachment to the nail bed and often, but not always, eventual shedding. Onychomadesis has been associated with infection, autoimmune disease, critical illness and medications. To our knowledge a literature review of all associations with onychomadesis has not been completed previously. Most commonly, onychomadesis has been reported in association with pemphigus vulgaris and hand-foot-mouth disease, and following chemotherapy or antiepileptic medications. This article summarizes these key culprit associations, postulates the pathogenesis of nail matrix arrest and summarizes the clinical outcomes. We conducted a retrospective review of cases of onychomadesis reported from January 1960 to March 2013. Using the PubMed database, the literature was searched using the following terms: 'onychomadesis' and 'proximal nail shedding'. Also, an Ovid search was carried out using the same terms. In total 56 articles have been published, including our previously reported series of idiopathic onychomadesis. Articles pertaining only to Beau's lines and not true onychomadesis were excluded. Onychomadesis has been associated with autoimmune disease, other major medical illness, neonatal illness, medication and infection. PMID:25132198

Hardin, J; Haber, R M

2015-03-01

29

Music therapy in dementia : A narrative synthesis systematic review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Objective Recent reviews on music therapy for people with dementia have been limited to attempting to evaluate whether it is effective, but there is a need for a critical assessment of the literature to provide insight into the possible mechanisms of actions of music therapy. This systematic review uses a narrative synthesis format to determine evidence for effectiveness and provide insight into a model of action. Method The narrative synthesis framework consists of four elements: (i) theory development; (ii) preliminary synthesis of findings; (iii) exploration of relationships between studies; and (iv) assessment of the robustness of the synthesis. Results Electronic and hand searches identified 263 potentially relevant studies. Eighteen studies met the full inclusion criteria. Three distinctive strands of investigations emerged: eight studies explored behavioural and psychological aspects, five studies investigated hormonal and physiological changes, and five studies focused on social and relational aspects of music therapy. The musical interventions in the studies were diverse, but singing featured as an important medium for change. Conclusions Evidence for short-term improvement in mood and reduction in behavioural disturbance was consistent, but there were no high-quality longitudinal studies that demonstrated long-term benefits of music therapy. Future music therapy studies need to define a theoretical model, include better-focused outcome measures, and discuss how the findings may improve the well-being of people with dementia.

McDermott, Orii; Crellin, Nadia

2013-01-01

30

Terapia cognitivo-conductual en esquizofrenia: una revisión narrativa de la literatura / Cognitive Behavioral Therapy In Schizophrenia: A Narrative Review of Literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: La esquizofrenia es un trastorno grave e incapacitante. Aunque el tratamiento farmacológico ha sido efectivo, hasta 60% de los pacientes muestran una respuesta insuficiente. Desde el inicio de las terapias psicológicas ha existido interés en el uso de estas intervenciones en pacientes [...] con psicosis. Objetivo: Revisar los aspectos más importantes de la terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC) en el tratamiento de pacientes con esquizofrenia y los datos más relevantes que sustentan su utilidad en este trastorno. Desarrollo: El psicoanálisis, la terapia conductual, la terapia de apoyo y las intervenciones familiares fueron las únicas intervenciones psicológicas durante largo tiempo. Se llegó al consenso de que el psicoanálisis no está indicado en estos pacientes. Las terapias conductuales más ortodoxas hicieron aportes importantes, pero han estado dirigidas a compensar el déficit comportamental. La terapia de familia ha demostrado efectos positivos en resultados clínicos importantes, como recurrencias psicóticas, rehospitalización y cooperación con el tratamiento. La TCC ha sido implementada para compensar algunos déficits y, principalmente, para complementar los tratamientos farmacológicos, así como para tratar síntomas positivos, emocionales y negativos. Conclusiones: Varios estudios controlados y metaanálisis han demostrado que la TCC es útil para reducir los síntomas positivos y tratar las alteraciones emocionales; también ha tenido impacto en los síntomas negativos. Abstract in english Introduction: Schizophrenia is a severe and disabling disorder. Although pharmacological treatment has been effective for this condition, up to 60% of patients show an insufficient response. Since the beginnings of psychological therapies, there has been an interest in these interventions in psychot [...] ic patients. Objectives: This paper reviews the most important aspects of CBT in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia and the most relevant data supporting its usefulness in this severe disorder. Development: Psychoanalysis, behavioral therapy, supportive therapy and family interventions were the only available psychotherapies for a long time. Consensus was reached in that psychoanalysis is not indicated in patients with schizophrenia. Orthodox behavioral therapy made valuable contributions, but was mostly aimed at compensating behavioral deficits. Family therapy has shown positive effects in important clinical outcomes like psychotic relapse, rehospitalization and medication compliance. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been introduced not only for helping to compensate certain deficits of schizophrenia, but also to complement medication in the treatment of positive, emotional and negative symptoms. Conclusions: Several controlled studies and metanalysis have shown that CBT is useful in reducing positive symptoms, for treating emotional disorders, and has had some impact on negative symptoms.

Claudia, Gutiérrez Ciceri; María Victoria, Ocampo Saldarriaga; Juliana, Gómez Franco.

2008-12-01

31

Real Options Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After 30 years of discussion and research, the academic community has established a complete theoretical system of real options and provided an excellent framework for the use of real options theory in the investment appraisal of high-tech projects. An option is an entitlement without any obligation and it has been used to describe a variety of management decisions in business investment. The description of management is effective and proper. Due to the introduction of real options theory, there has been a major breakthrough in the investment area. Project evaluation is the core content of bank credit risk assessment and business evaluation. The core content never changes from the investment evaluation framework to the credit risk evaluation framework. The project evaluation meets various needs of subject s in different ways. In this paper, the importance of real options is analyzed and the literature is reviewed

Shuai Zhang

2011-03-01

32

A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

33

CROSSFLOW FILTRATON: LITERATURE REVIEW  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As part of the Filtration task EM-31, WP-2.3.6, which is a joint effort between Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), tests were planned to evaluate crossflow filtration in order to the improve the use of existing hardware in the waste treatment plants at both the Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) and Hanford Site. These tests included experiments to try different operating conditions and additives, such as filter aids, in order to create a more permeable filter cake and improve the permeate flux. To plan the SRNL tests a literature review was performed to provide information on previous experiments performed by DOE laboratories, and by academia. This report compliments PNNL report (Daniel, et al 2010), and is an attempt to try and capture crossflow filtration work performed in the past that provide a basis for future testing. However, not all sources on crossflow filtration could be reviewed due to the shear volume of information available. In this report various references were examined and a representative group was chosen to present the major factors that affect crossflow filtration. The information summarized in this review contains previous operating conditions studied and their influence on the rate of filtration. Besides operating conditions, other attempted improvements include the use of filter aids, a pre-filtration leaching process, the backpulse system, and various types of filter tubes and filter coatings. The results from past research can be used as a starting point for further experimentation that can result in the improvement in the performance of the crossflow filtration. The literature reviewed in this report indicates how complex the crossflow issues are with the results of some studies appearing to conflict results from other studies. This complexity implies that filtration of mobilized stored waste cannot be explained in a simple generic sense; meaning an empirical model develop from one waste-filter combination will more than likely not be applicable to another combination. It appears that filtration performance varies as wide as the range of the types of slurry wastes that exist. However, conclusions can be elicited from existing information so that filter performance can be better understood, and hopefully improved. Those conclusions and recommendations for the planned tests are listed.

Duignan, M.

2011-01-01

34

Storylines about Rural Teachers in the United States: A Narrative Analysis of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This narrative literature analysis examines the storylines of rural teachers told through published research on rural teachers. Using a narrative analysis approach, we investigated research published between 1970 and 2010--four decades of rural-oriented education research and policy work. Four storylines emerged from our coding of rural-related…

Burton, Megan; Brown, Kara; Johnson, Amy

2013-01-01

35

Story immersion of videogames for youth health promotion: A review of literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews research in the fields of psychology, literature, communication, human–computer interaction, public health, and consumer behavior on narrative and its potential relationships with videogames and story immersion. It also reviews a narrative's role in complementing behavioral chan...

36

Balloon sinuplasty: literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: The nasosinusal surgery showed a rapid development over the past two decades; but cicatricial stenoses secondary to surgical manipulation still occur, even in the hands of experienced surgeons and, especially, in narrow regions such as the frontal recess. The balloon sinuplasty uses the principle of dilatation of the sinus ostia by balloons guided by catheter. Objective: To present and discuss the surgical technique, indications, costs and results of the balloon sinuplasty, through articles published so far on the subject. Literature's Review: The balloon sinuplasty is an alternative in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. It is not substitute for the functional paranasal sinuses surgery. The use of balloon combined with endoscopic surgical approach may minimize surgical complications such as cicatricial stenosis, especially in regions such as the frontal recess. ICU Patients with a higher anesthetic risk and presenting isolated sphenoid disease may also benefit from the use of the balloon. The possibility of carrying out the dilation with local anesthesia is another advantage. As for the risks, they appear to be low, although there is a possibility of lesion to noble structures as the orbit and skull base. Conclusions: The balloon sinuplasty appears to be a feasible, safe and effective procedure in selected patients. It presents itself as an ancillary therapy and complementary to FESS. It has greater prospects in the treatment of the disease related to the frontal recess, febrile patients in ICU with sinus focus and patients at high anesthetic and bleeding risk.

Carreirão Neto, Waldir

2008-12-01

37

Patient-Centered Endodontic Outcomes: A Narrative Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Root canal treatment (RCT) success criteria inform us of the path to bony healing and of prognostic factors, but tell little about how the patient perceives, feels, or values RCT. Patients choose, undergo, and pay for RCT, they live with the result, and inform their community. The purpose of this narrative review was to appraise patient-centered outcomes of initial non-surgical RCT and nonsurgical retreatment, in adults. Materials and Methods Patient-centered RCT outcome themes were identified in the extant literature: quality of life, satisfaction, anxiety, fear, pain, tooth survival and cost. Narrative review was applied because the disparate themes and data were unsuited to systematic review or meta-analysis. Results Application of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) demonstrated that disease of pulpal origin affects quality of life with moderate severity, primarily through physical pain and psychological discomfort, and that RCT results in broad improvement of quality of life. Satisfaction with RCT is extremely high, but cost is the primary reason for dissatisfaction. Anxiety and fear affect RCT patients, profoundly influencing their behaviors, including treatment avoidance, and their pain experience. Fear of pain is “fair” to “very much” prior to RCT. Pain is widely feared, disliked, and remembered; however, disease of pulpal origin generally produces moderate, but not severe pain. RCT causes a dramatic decrease in pain prevalence and severity over the week following treatment. Survival rates of teeth after RCT are very high; complication rates are low. Cost is a barrier to RCT, but initial costs, lifetime costs, cost effectiveness, cost utility, and cost benefit all compare extremely well to the alternatives involving replacement using implants or fixed prostheses. Conclusion Dentists must strive to reduce anxiety, fear, experienced and remembered pain, and to accurately inform and educate their patients with respect to technical, practical and psychosocial aspects of RCT. PMID:24171029

Hamedy, Reza; Shakiba, Bita; Fayazi, Sara; Pak, Jacklyn G; White, Shane N

2013-01-01

38

Guidelines for reading literature reviews.  

OpenAIRE

One strategy for dealing with the burgeoning medical literature is to rely on reviews of the literature. Although this strategy is efficient, readers may be misled if the review does not meet scientific standards. Therefore, guidelines that will help readers assess the scientific quality of the review are proposed. The guidelines focus on the definition of the question, the comprehensiveness of the search strategy, the methods of choosing and assessing the primary studies, and the methods of ...

Oxman, A. D.; Guyatt, G. H.

1988-01-01

39

Ranula: A Review of Literature  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: To review the literature regarding ranula.Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed for various publications about ranula, published in a specific time frame of January 1945 to October 2013.Results: 150 Articles were obtained by electronic search.Publications were evaluated regarding appropriateness ofcontent for preparing this review.Conclusion: Based on the review of literature it can be concluded that ranula are extravasation cysts. Newer conservative methods are p...

Gaurav Verma,

2013-01-01

40

Literature review, Denmark  

OpenAIRE

Gives an overvie of the situation with respect to organic and conversion markets in Denmark based on exsisting literature. The following subjects are covered. National Policies. Agricultural Production. Conversion. Agricultural Marketing

Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt; Nielsen, Robert Green

2005-01-01

41

Literature review, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Gives an overvie of the situation with respect to organic and conversion markets in Denmark based on exsisting literature. The following subjects are covered. National Policies. Agricultural Production. Conversion. Agricultural Marketing

Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai SkjØtt

2001-01-01

42

Revisão sistemática: uma revisão narrativa / Systematic review: a narrative review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre revisão sistemática. FONTE DOS DADOS: foi realizada busca no Cochrane Methodology Register, na Medline, na LILACS, no Google Scholar e na Cochrane Library, no período de 2000 a janeiro de 2007. Foram utilizados a busca manual das listas de referências e [...] os contatos pessoais. SELEÇÃO DOS ESTUDOS: a estratégia de busca empregou, na Medline, as seguintes combinações dos termos MeSH: "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine"[MeSH] Limits: Publication Date from 2000 to 2007, Humans, Systematic Reviews. Na LILACS: (metanalise) or "metanalise" [Descritor de assunto] and [ medicina baseada em evidências] or "medicina baseada em evidências" [Descritor de assunto]. No Cochrane Methodology Register e no Google Scholar: "revisão sistemática e metanálise" e "medicina baseada em evidências". Após uma revisão independente por dois revisores, dez artigos que se referiam ao objetivo proposto foram selecionados. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: os temas mencionados nos estudos foram agrupados em duas categorias: aqueles que se reportavam à história da revisão sistemática e aqueles que definiam Medicina Baseada em Evidência, revisão sistemática e metanálise. CONCLUSÃO: os autores concluem com a necessidade de mais discussões sobre revisão sistemática entre os cirurgiões. Abstract in english PURPOSE: Conduct a narrative review about systematic review. DATA SOURCE: We searched the Cochrane Methodology Register, MEDLINE, LILACS, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library (2000 to January 2007). We also handsearched reference lists, and used personal communications. SELECTION OF STUDIES: This was [...] supplemented with a search strategy in Medline using the following combinations of MeSH-terms "Meta-Analysis" [Publication Type] AND "Evidence-Based Medicine" [MeSH] Limits:Publication Date from 2000 to 2007, Humans. Systematic Reviews. In LILACS: (metanalise) or "METANALISE" [Descritor de assunto] and [medicina baseada em evidências] or "MEDICINA BASEADA EM EVIDÊNCIAS" [Descritor de assunto]. In The Cochrane Methodology Review Group and Google Scholar: "revisão sistemática e metanálise"; "medicina baseada em evidências". After independent review by two observers, ten articles that specifically addressed the stated purpose were selected. DATA SYNTHESIS: The subjects assessed in these studies were grouped into two categories, ie, those addressing the history of systematic review, and the definitions of Evidence-Based Medicine, Systematic Review, Narrative Review and Meta-Analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The authors find that further discussion on systematic review should be encouraged among surgeons.

Alexander Magno, Cordeiro; Glória Maria de, Oliveira; Juan Miguel, Rentería; Carlos Alberto, Guimarães.

2007-12-01

43

Conducting Systematic Review in Education: A Reflexive Narrative  

Science.gov (United States)

The evaluation of systematic review as part of the evidence-based or evidence-informed practice movement is a dominant theme in current debates in educational research. This article contributes to the debate by offering a personal, reflexive narrative on the process of doing systematic review, relating some of the arguments regarding the merits…

Nind, Melanie

2006-01-01

44

[Significance of brief interventions in the healthcare supply chain of eating disorders: a narrative review].  

Science.gov (United States)

So far there is no comprehensive overview on brief outpatient interventions in eating disorders. The specific relevance of psychotherapeutic brief interventions for Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder is presented against the background of current healthcare supply chains. This review is based on a literature search that evaluated relevant publications in applicable literature databases. The articles were excerpted and are presented in a narrative overview. In summary, the literature shows a marginal expansion of healthcare provision towards personnel-efficient and cost economic therapeutic solutions for Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder, while the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa is currently determined by more in- and extensive approaches. PMID:24838437

Rossi, Maddalena Elisa; Neubauer, Karolin; Weigel, Angelika; Wendt, Hanna; von Rad, Kathrin; Romer, Georg; Löwe, Bernd; Gumz, Antje

2015-02-01

45

Topic: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is a wide discussion for Chinese topic structure and topic-sentence acquisition in Second Language Acquisition since Li & Thompson (1976. This paper reviews the contribution made by Li & Thompson on topic and later researches on the basis of them. The relationship between subject and topic also is concentrated.

Dandan Zhang

2009-08-01

46

Ranula: A Review of Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: To review the literature regarding ranula.Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed for various publications about ranula, published in a specific time frame of January 1945 to October 2013.Results: 150 Articles were obtained by electronic search.Publications were evaluated regarding appropriateness ofcontent for preparing this review.Conclusion: Based on the review of literature it can be concluded that ranula are extravasation cysts. Newer conservative methods are promising and can be used initially for treatment of ranula in selected cases. However, surgical excision of ranula along with involved sublingual salivary gland is treatment of choice with least recurrence rate.

Gaurav Verma

2013-11-01

47

Fissure minerals, literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper is a review of methods used for direct and indirect dating of tectonic events. Isotope geochemistry including stable isotopes as well as fission track- dating, fluid inclusion and thermoluminescens techniques have been considered. It has been concluded that an investigation of tectonic (and thermal) events should start with a detailed study of the mineral phases grown in seald fissures as well as minerals from fissure walls. This study should include phase identification, textures as well as mineral chemistry. The information from this study is fundamental for the decision of further investigations. Mineral chemistry including isotopes and fluid inclusion studies will give an essential knowledge about crystallization conditions for fissure minerals concerned. Direct dating using fission tracks as well as radioactive isotopes could be useful for some minerals. Application of thermoluminescens dating on fissure minerals is doubtful. (Auth.)

48

Trust Management: Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of trust has become popular in public debate andacademic analysis. In high income countries this interest is associatedwith concern for the decline of trust in governments andprofessionals, and in developing countries has been promptedby debates around the motion of social capital. Trust has beenidentified as a major factor influencing such things as capital investment,relationship marketing, cross-cultural communication,learning and various types of cooperation. Trust management isbecoming also very important inside the organization. The studywill review empirical research on organizational trust. The purposeof the study will be also evaluation of the advancements andsetbacks in current empirical research in terms of managementorganizational trust. This paper will analyze the theoretical approach,the conceptualization and the measurement issues coveredin studies on management organizational trust. Althoughtrust has emerged as an important factor in organizational relationships,there are still major conceptual and methodologicalchallenges to be met when studying this complex concept.

Joanna Olga Paliszkiewicz

2011-12-01

49

Expressive Language and the Art of English Teaching: Theorizing the Relationship between Literature and Oral Narrative  

Science.gov (United States)

How do teachers in diverse classrooms enact a transactional mode of literary response in their orchestration of classroom conversations about literature? This paper proposes that a theory of expressive language is central to answering this question and that the discourse genre of oral narratives may hold critical importance in accomplishing this…

Juzwik, Mary M.; Sherry, Michael B.

2007-01-01

50

Reporting bias in medical research - a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reporting bias represents a major problem in the assessment of health care interventions. Several prominent cases have been described in the literature, for example, in the reporting of trials of antidepressants, Class I anti-arrhythmic drugs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors. The aim of this narrative review is to gain an overview of reporting bias in the medical literature, focussing on publication bias and selective outcome reporting. We explore whether these types of bias have been shown in areas beyond the well-known cases noted above, in order to gain an impression of how widespread the problem is. For this purpose, we screened relevant articles on reporting bias that had previously been obtained by the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care in the context of its health technology assessment reports and other research work, together with the reference lists of these articles.We identified reporting bias in 40 indications comprising around 50 different pharmacological, surgical (e.g. vacuum-assisted closure therapy), diagnostic (e.g. ultrasound), and preventive (e.g. cancer vaccines) interventions. Regarding pharmacological interventions, cases of reporting bias were, for example, identified in the treatment of the following conditions: depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease, pain, migraine, cardiovascular disease, gastric ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, urinary incontinence, atopic dermatitis, diabetes mellitus type 2, hypercholesterolaemia, thyroid disorders, menopausal symptoms, various types of cancer (e.g. ovarian cancer and melanoma), various types of infections (e.g. HIV, influenza and Hepatitis B), and acute trauma. Many cases involved the withholding of study data by manufacturers and regulatory agencies or the active attempt by manufacturers to suppress publication. The ascertained effects of reporting bias included the overestimation of efficacy and the underestimation of safety risks of interventions.In conclusion, reporting bias is a widespread phenomenon in the medical literature. Mandatory prospective registration of trials and public access to study data via results databases need to be introduced on a worldwide scale. This will allow for an independent review of research data, help fulfil ethical obligations towards patients, and ensure a basis for fully-informed decision making in the health care system. PMID:20388211

McGauran, Natalie; Wieseler, Beate; Kreis, Julia; Schüler, Yvonne-Beatrice; Kölsch, Heike; Kaiser, Thomas

2010-01-01

51

WOUND INFECTION - SISTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: To review, identify and analyze the main aspects of the scientific production of healthcare professionals about wound infection, providing an update of relevant technical information for improving their capabilities for a better injury care. Methods: This is a review of the literature contained at bireme and pubmed databases published from 2002 to 2008. Results: The results revealed nineteen publications and all the information data were subjected into thematic analysis, divided i...

Edmar Jorge Feijó; Isabel Cristina da Fonseca Cruz; Dalmo Valério Machado de Lima

2008-01-01

52

Story Immersion of Videogames for Youth Health Promotion: A Review of Literature  

OpenAIRE

This article reviews research in the fields of psychology, literature, communication, human–computer interaction, public health, and consumer behavior on narrative and its potential relationships with videogames and story immersion. It also reviews a narrative's role in complementing behavioral change theories and the potential of story immersion for health promotion through videogames. Videogames have potential for health promotion and may be especially promising when attempting to reach y...

Lu, Amy Shirong; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe; Buday, Richard

2012-01-01

53

Implementing Mass Customization: Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Even though it is an attractive strategy, Mass customization (MC) is not feasible in all environments, and when it is, it presents many challenges to be dealt with. Therefore, an extensive study on how to implement MC is needed before the actual implementation. In this article a literature review is done to define how MC can be efficiently implemented and evaluated. Starting by defining the level of customization, then adapting the entire company to the desired MC strategy to finally evaluate...

Daaboul, Joanna; Bernard, Alain; Laroche, Florent

2009-01-01

54

Employee Engagement: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Motivated and engaged employees tend to contribute more in terms of organizational productivity and support in maintaining a higher commitment level leading to the higher customer satisfaction. Employees Engagement permeates across the employee-customer boundary, where revenue, corporate goodwill, brand image are also at stake. This paper makes an attempt to study the different dimensions of employee engagement with the help of review of literature. This can be used to provide an overview and...

Mehta, Dharmendra; Mehta, Naveen K.

2013-01-01

55

Cognitive theories of addiction: ? narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Several theories have been developed in order to understand the phenomenon of addiction. From a science development perspective, it is important to examine theories with shared concepts within a common framework, generate and test new hypotheses. Thispaper reviews those theories and models that consider substance misuse as a decision making process involving conscious and unconscious cognitive processes including simple classical conditioning models, cue reactivity, expectancy theory, social learning theory, neuropsychologicalmodels and the new hierarchical PRIME theory. A synthetic approach has been used as to identify similarities and to promote the incremental value of the discussed theories. PMID:21914614

Kouimtsidis, C

2010-01-01

56

Review Of Plutonium Oxidation Literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A brief review of plutonium oxidation literature was conducted. The purpose of the review was to ascertain the effect of oxidation conditions on oxide morphology to support the design and operation of the PDCF direct metal oxidation (DMO) furnace. The interest in the review was due to a new furnace design that resulted in oxide characteristics that are different than those of the original furnace. Very little of the published literature is directly relevant to the DMO furnace operation, which makes assimilation of the literature data with operating conditions and data a convoluted task. The oxidation behavior can be distilled into three regimes, a low temperature regime (RT to 350 C) with a relatively slow oxidation rate that is influenced by moisture, a moderate temperature regime (350-450 C) that is temperature dependent and relies on more or less conventional oxidation growth of a partially protective oxide scale, and high temperature oxidation (> 500 C) where the metal autocatalytically combusts and oxidizes. The particle sizes obtained from these three regimes vary with the finest being from the lowest temperature. It is surmised that the slow growth rate permits significant stress levels to be achieved that help break up the oxides. The intermediate temperatures result in a fairly compact scale that is partially protective and that grows to critical thickness prior to fracturing. The growth rate in this regime may be parabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxiabolic or paralinear, depending on the oxidation time and consequently the oxide thickness. The high temperature oxidation is invariant in quiescent or nearly quiescent conditions due to gas blanketing while it accelerates with temperature under flowing conditions. The oxide morphology will generally consist of fine particles ( 250 (micro)m). The particle size ratio is expected to be < 5%, 25%, and 70% for fine, medium and large particles, respectively, for metal temperatures in the 500-600 C range.

57

Employee Engagement: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Motivated and engaged employees tend to contribute more in terms of organizational productivity and support in maintaining a higher commitment level leading to the higher customer satisfaction. Employees Engagement permeates across the employee-customer boundary, where revenue, corporate goodwill, brand image are also at stake. This paper makes an attempt to study the different dimensions of employee engagement with the help of review of literature. This can be used to provide an overview and references on some of the conceptual and practical work undertaken in the area of the employee engagement practices.

Dharmendra MEHTA

2013-12-01

58

Professional decision making on elder abuse: systematic narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Social work and health care professionals internationally are recognizing the need to understand and respond to the abuse of older people. Policy and guidance have identified processes but definitions of key concepts remain problematic, and the literature suggests that practitioners and agencies have little insight or guidance for decision making. Nine bibliographic databases were searched for studies on professional decision making regarding abuse of older people. Relevant studies retrieved were appraised for quality using explicit criteria. The findings of the 19 articles meeting the inclusion criteria were synthesised using a structured narrative approach. Common themes identified were abuse factors, situational factors, and broader contextual factors. Abuse factors relating to risk levels and client vulnerability were central; age, gender, and health status were considered as key indicators of vulnerability. The opinion of adult protection workers about the potential effectiveness of their intervention was a factor in deciding about responding to alleged or suspected abuse. Professionals struggled with complex ethical dilemmas created by elder abuse, particularly when the victim did not want an investigation. Making objective judgements was difficult when faced with complex family and contextual factors. A structured approach to narrative synthesis of a diverse range of studies retrieved through an explicit search and inclusion process provided a useful summary of key issues for practice and identified gaps in the research literature. PMID:19827326

Killick, Campbell; Taylor, Brian J

2009-01-01

59

Delivering healthcare services to children with cerebral palsy and their families: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with cerebral palsy have complex healthcare needs and often require complex multidisciplinary care. It is important for clinicians to understand which approaches to healthcare service delivery for this population are supported in the literature and how these should be applied in clinical practice. This narrative review aims to identify and review the evidence for current approaches to healthcare service delivery for children with cerebral palsy. Databases were searched using key terms to identify relevant research articles and grey literature from December 2011 to September 2013. Search results were screened and sorted according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty-two documents were included for evaluation and their content was analysed thematically. Three current approaches to healthcare service delivery for children with cerebral palsy identified in this narrative review were family-centred care, the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and collaborative community-based primary care. However, healthcare services for children with cerebral palsy and their families are inconsistently delivered according to these approaches and the identified guidelines or standards of care for children with cerebral palsy have limited incorporation of these approaches. Future research is required to investigate how these approaches to healthcare service delivery can be integrated into clinical practices to enable clinicians to improve services for this population. PMID:25175322

Hayles, Emily; Jones, Anne; Harvey, Desley; Plummer, David; Ruston, Sally

2015-05-01

60

Is it time to drop the ‘knowledge translation’ metaphor? A critical literature review  

OpenAIRE

The literature on ‘knowledge translation’ presents challenges for the reviewer because different terms have been used to describe the generation, sharing and application of knowledge and different research approaches embrace different philosophical positions on what knowledge is. We present a narrative review of this literature which deliberately sought to highlight rather than resolve tensions between these different framings. Our findings suggest that while ‘translation’ is a widely...

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Wieringa, Sietse

2011-01-01

61

Self-Medication Practice with Nonprescription Medication among University Students: a review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Objective: To review the literature relating to self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudents.Methods: A narrative review of studies on self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudent was performed. An extensive literature search wasundertaken using indexing services available at UniversitiSains Malaysia (USM) library. The following keywords wereused for the search: self-care, self-medication, over-thecountermedicine, nonpresc...

Dedy Almasdy; Azmi Sharrif

2011-01-01

62

Titanium allergy: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Titanium has gained immense popularity and has successfully established itself as the material of choice for dental implants. In both medical and dental fields, titanium and its alloys have demonstrated success as biomedical devices. Owing to its high resistance to corrosion in a physiological environment and the excellent biocompatibility that gives it a passive, stable oxide film, titanium is considered the material of choice for intraosseous use. There are certain studies which show titanium as an allergen but the resources to diagnose titanium sensivity are very limited. Attention is needed towards the development of new and precise method for early diagnosis of titanium allergy and also to find out the alternative biomaterial which can be used in place of titanium. A review of available articles from the Medline and PubMed database was done to find literature available regarding titanium allergy, its diagnosis and new alternative material for titanium. PMID:25484409

Goutam, Manish; Giriyapura, Chandu; Mishra, Sunil Kumar; Gupta, Siddharth

2014-11-01

63

Continuous auditing: A literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recent fraud scandals involving highly known corporations like Enron, WorldCom, and Xerox have eroded public confidence in financial reporting. At the same time, the auditing profession has suffered a big hit. In this scenario, Continuous Auditing (CA seems to have emerged as a response to recover the credibility of the auditing profession as well as meeting Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX requirements. This study, that adopts an exploratory approach, analyzes the existing literature on this topic. First, we address the concepts, models and implications of CA. After, throughout a search on the journals indexed at the CAPES's Basis, a literature review is conducted. A total of 57 articles were selected. We analyze authorship, affiliation, publications, year and type of research of papers that have addressed CA. Findings evidence that most articles addressing CA are non-empirical and adopt a conceptual approach. Also, there is an increasing tendency of continuous auditing studies. Rutgers University seems to be the World's leading research center on CA. This study aims to contribute to the Accounting Science by evidencing possibilities for research and publication in CA.

Flávia Cruz de Souza

2008-09-01

64

Resilon: a comprehensive literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background and aims. An ideal root canal filling material should completely seal the entire root canal space and block communication between the root canal system and its surrounding tissues; it should also be nontoxic, noncarcinogenic, non-genotoxic, biocompatible, insoluble in tissue fluids and dimensionally stable. Bonding to dentin is a promising property, which can prevent leakage and improve the sealing ability of root canal filling materials. Resilon was developed and rec-ommended initially because the existing rootcanal filling materials did not bond to root canal dentin. Since its introduction in 2004, numerous reports have been published regarding various aspects of this material. The aim of this literature review is to present investigations regarding Resilon's physical and chemical properties and leakage studies. Materials and methods. A review of the literature was performed by using electronic and hand searching methods for Resilon from May 2004 to April 2012. Results. There are many published reports regarding Resilon. The searchshowed that Resilon is composed of a parent polymer, polycaprolactone or Tone, which is a biodegradable aliphatic polyester, with filler particles consisting of bioactive glass, bismuth oxychloride and barium sulfate. It possesses some antibacterial and antifungal properties. It is a promising material for root canal filling. Despite the presence of numerous case reports and case series regarding these applications, there are few designed research studies on clinical applications of this material. Resilon has some drawbacks such as high cost. Conclusion. Resilon seals well and is a biocompatible material. However, more clinical studies are needed to confirm its efficacy compared with other materials. PMID:24082982

Lotfi, Mehrdad; Ghasemi, Negin; Rahimi, Saeed; Vosoughhosseini, Sepideh; Saghiri, Mohammad Ali; Shahidi, Atabak

2013-01-01

65

Patients’ privacy: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of privacy, which is used in many disciplines, is a basic human need and also is recognized as an important concept in nursing. The concept of privacy has been described in various dimensions including physical, psychological, social and informational privacy. In this article we review these dimensions. Most of the studies related to the privacy have been carried out in the area of physical privacy. One of the basic areas of privacy in hospitals is related to data protection and the prevention of information inaccuracies. Major factors that threaten the privacy include intrusion upon the seclusion or physical boundaries and unnecessary physical touch. In order to decrease these problems, health worker need to find a new approach of working with patients. Review of the literature showed that only a few studies about the privacy of patients have been carried out. To encourage research in this field, accurate instruments should be developed in order to measure different aspects of the privacy, an aim that is difficult to achieve because of the complex nature of the concept. It is also important that necessity of observing patients’ privacy systematically be thought to medical students

Mehrdad N

2004-05-01

66

WOUND INFECTION - SISTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: To review, identify and analyze the main aspects of the scientific production of healthcare professionals about wound infection, providing an update of relevant technical information for improving their capabilities for a better injury care. Methods: This is a review of the literature contained at bireme and pubmed databases published from 2002 to 2008. Results: The results revealed nineteen publications and all the information data were subjected into thematic analysis, divided into three distinct categories: the best evidence for the prevention and control of the infections, the association between infections and the places where the injuries are present and the indication of the best healing implementation techniques. Conclusion: There is a consensus that professional nurses must always update themselves for the promotion of the correct epidemiological studies about the patient’s social and demographic profiles in order to improve adequate identification of the microorganisms probably concerned to these infections. The development of new standardized protocols leading to uniform practices into reliable results are necessary for delineating a pattern of a specialized nursing care in the search for the total quality being the nurse the prime agent in this question.

Edmar Jorge Feijó

2008-11-01

67

Tourette syndrome: Review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Tourette Syndrome (TS was described for the first time in 1825, and it is a neuropsychiatry disease, initially begins in childhood, affects more males, characterized by remarkable social and psychological commitment, impacting the lives of patients and family. Until recently, this disease were considered a rare condition, but current studies show that the prevalence rate may vary in 1% to 2,9% in a few groups. Objective: Perform a review of literature over the main aspects related to Tourette syndrome. Data synthesis: The TS is a genetic disorder, associated with neuroanatomical and neurophysiological alterations, characterized by compulsive phenomenon, whose etiology is still unknown. The clinical profile is composed, mostly, by motor tics and vocal tics, that which are divided in simple and complex. Its association with Obssessive Compulsive Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is very commom. The diagnosis is mainly clinical and do not exist. Until now, there is no specific laboratory test that confirm this pathology. The treatment is based mainly on psychological theory. However when there is need for the use of drugs, the most widely used are the antagonists of dopamine receptors. Conclusion: The TS causes many damages as psychosocial and educational for the individual and the family. However, the diagnosis and the early treatment are able to minimize or cancel this damages. This way, knowing the general aspects that guide the TS is of utmost importance to preserve the quality of life for the patients with the disease.

Teixeira, Larissa Lane Cardoso

2011-10-01

68

Medical literature review: Search or perish.  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature review is a cascading process of searching, reading, analyzing, and summing up of the materials about a specific topic. However, searching the literature is like searching "a needle in a haystack", and hence has been called "Cinderella".(1) Therefore, skills and effective pathways of searching the literature are needed to achieve high sensitive and specific results. PMID:24353606

Skaik, Younis

2013-04-01

69

Integrated team working: a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: This literature review was conducted to provide a background understanding of the literature around integrated health and social care prior to a research project evaluating two integrated health and social care teams in England, UK.Methods: A systematic literature search of relevant databases was employed to identify all articles relating to integrated health and social care teams produced in the last 10 years in the UK.Results: 16 articles were found and reviewed; all were revi...

Maslin Prothero, Sian E.; Bennion, Amy E.

2010-01-01

70

Story Immersion of Videogames for Youth Health Promotion: A Review of Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews research in the fields of psychology, literature, communication, human-computer interaction, public health, and consumer behavior on narrative and its potential relationships with videogames and story immersion. It also reviews a narrative's role in complementing behavioral change theories and the potential of story immersion for health promotion through videogames. Videogames have potential for health promotion and may be especially promising when attempting to reach youth. An understudied characteristic of videogames is that many contain a narrative, or story. Story immersion (transportation) is a mechanism through which a narrative influences players' cognition, affect, and, potentially, health behavior. Immersion promotes the suspension of disbelief and the reduction of counterarguments, enables the story experience as a personal experience, and creates the player's deep affection for narrative protagonists. Story immersion complements behavioral change theories, including the Theory of Planned Behavior, Social Cognitive Theory, and Self-Determination Theory. Systematic investigations are needed to realize the powerful potential of interactive narratives within theory-driven research. PMID:24416639

Lu, Amy Shirong; Baranowski, Tom; Thompson, Debbe; Buday, Richard

2012-06-01

71

Physiotherapy in primary dysmenorrhea: literature review / Physiotherapy in primary dysmenorrhea: literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Dismenorreia é uma palavra derivada do grego e significa fluxo menstrual difícil. Pode ser classificada como primária, causando diminuição dos índices de qualidade de vida de muitas mulheres. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar, por meio de uma revisão bibliográfica, a [...] eficácia e acurácia de tratamentos existentes para dismenorreia primária, especificamente na Fisioterapia. CONTEÚDO: Revisão bibliográfica narrativa, por meio da busca em bases de dados eletrônicas (Medline, Scielo, Lilacs, biblioteca Cochrane, PEDro e Pubmed), com artigos selecionados e analisados durante o periodo de agosto de 2013 à fevereiro de 2014. Para a coleta foram incluídos materiais de 2005 até a literatura atual com os seguintes descritores: “dysmenorrhea”, “physiotherapy” e seus equivalentes em português “dismenorreia” e “fisioterapia” combinando-os com os operadores “AND” e “OR”. CONCLUSÃO: Encontraram-se trabalhos que descreveram a utilização dos recursos da termoterapia, crioterapia, eletroestimulação elétrica neural transcutânea e massagem do tecido conjuntivo, Pilates e acupuntura, com resultados que apresentam melhoras na sintomatologia dessas mulheres. No entanto, tornase evidente a necessidade do desenvolvimento de estudos referentes às manobras fisioterapêuticas com maior rigor metodológico. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysmenorrhea is a word derived from the Greek language and means difficult menstrual cycle. It may be classified as primary, leading to poorer quality of life indices of several women. This study aimed at investigating, by means of literature review, the efficacy and accu [...] racy of existing therapies for primary dysmenorrhea, specifically in Physiotherapy. CONTENTS: Narrative literature review by querying electronic databases Medline, Scielo, Lilacs, Cochrane library, PEDro and Pubmed), where articles were selected and analyzed from August 2013 to February 2014. For data collection, materials from 2005 to current literature were included using the following keywords: “dysmenorrhea”, “physiotherapy” and their Portuguese equivalent “dismenorreia” and “fisioterapia”, combining them with the operators AND and OR. CONCLUSION: Studies were found describing the use of thermotherapy, cryotherapy, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation and connective tissue massage, Pilates and acupuncture with improvement of such women's symptoms. However, it is clear the need for studies regarding physiotherapeutic maneuvers with further methodological rigor.

Laís Rodrigues, Gerzson; Juliana Falcão, Padilha; Melissa Medeiros, Braz; Andriele, Gasparetto.

2014-12-01

72

Narrative Theology in the High School Classroom: Teaching Theology through the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

If Jesus taught most frequently through symbol and story, and the early Church passed on his teachings primarily through story, especially the four Gospels, why is today's catechesis and theological pedagogy not more informed by "narrative theology"--theology which focuses on the narratives told by Jesus and the Gospels precisely as narratives?…

Delfra, Louis A.

2005-01-01

73

Green perspectives for public health: a narrative review on the physiological effects of experiencing outdoor nature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Natural environments offer a high potential for human well-being, restoration and stress recovery in terms of allostatic load. A growing body of literature is investigating psychological and physiological health benefits of contact with Nature. So far, a synthesis of physiological health outcomes of direct outdoor nature experiences and its potential for improving Public Health is missing. We were interested in summarizing the outcomes of studies that investigated physiological outcomes of experiencing Nature measuring at least one physiological parameter during the last two decades. Studies on effects of indoor or simulated Nature exposure via videos or photos, animal contact, and wood as building material were excluded from further analysis. As an online literature research delivered heterogeneous data inappropriate for quantitative synthesis approaches, we descriptively summarized and narratively synthesized studies. The procedure started with 1,187 titles. Research articles in English language published in international peer-reviewed journals that investigated the effects of natural outdoor environments on humans by were included. We identified 17 relevant articles reporting on effects of Nature by measuring 20 different physiological parameters. We assigned these parameters to one of the four body systems brain activity, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, and immune function. These studies reported mainly direct and positive effects, however, our analyses revealed heterogeneous outcomes regarding significance of results. Most of the studies were conducted in Japan, based on quite small samples, predominantly with male students as participants in a cross-sectional design. In general, our narrative review provided an ambiguous illustration of the effects outdoor nature exerted on physiological parameters. However, the majority of studies reported significant positive effects. A harmonizing effect of Nature, especially on physiological stress reactions, was found across all body systems. From a Public Health perspective, interdisciplinary work on utilizing benefits of Nature regarding health promotion, disease prevention, and nature-based therapy should be optimized in order to eventually diminish given methodological limitations from mono-disciplinary studies. PMID:24852391

Haluza, Daniela; Schönbauer, Regina; Cervinka, Renate

2014-05-01

74

Narrative review of telemedicine consultation in medical practice  

Science.gov (United States)

Background The use of telemedicine has grown across several medical fields, due to the increasing number of “e-patients”. Objective This narrative review gives an overview of the growing use of telemedicine in different medical specialties, showing how its use can improve medical care. Methods A PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus search was performed using the following keywords: telemedicine, teleconsultation, telehealth, e-health, and e-medicine. Selected papers from 1996 to 2014 were chosen on the basis of their content (quality and novelty). Results Telemedicine has already been applied to different areas of medical practice, and it is as effective as face-to-face medical care, at least for the diagnosis and treatment of some pathological conditions. Conclusion Telemedicine is time- and cost-effective for both patients and health care professionals, encouraging its use on a larger scale. Telemedicine provides specialist medical care to patients who have poor access to hospitals, and ensures continuity of care and optimal use of available health resources. The use of telemedicine opens new perspectives for patients seeking a medical second opinion for their pathology, since they can have remote access to medical resources that would otherwise require enormous costs and time. PMID:25609928

Di Cerbo, Alessandro; Morales-Medina, Julio Cesar; Palmieri, Beniamino; Iannitti, Tommaso

2015-01-01

75

Shopper marketing: a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Shopper marketing is a recent concept and it has been gaining importance and attention among managers and researchers. Due to its youth and increasing relevance, the purpose of this paper is to analyze, categorize, compile and analyze the existing knowledge concerning shopper marketing. The main finding of this paper is that the literature on shopper marketing is complementary and coherent, and also raises several research and managerial challenges. Besides that, there is a structural common ...

Paulo Duarte Silveira; Cristina Marreiros

2014-01-01

76

Refeeding Syndrome: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Refeeding syndrome (RFS) describes the biochemical changes, clinical manifestations, and complications that can occur as a consequence of feeding a malnourished catabolic individual. RFS has been recognised in the literature for over fifty years and can result in serious harm and death. Crude estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality are available for specific populations. RFS can occur in any individual but more commonly occurs in at-risk populations. Increased awareness amongst healt...

Khan, L. U. R.; Ahmed, J.; Khan, S.; Macfie, J.

2011-01-01

77

SIX SIGMA: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

OpenAIRE

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Despite stiff international competition in the global market, world-class manufacturers are increasing their market share and profits through low-cost production, waste reduction in manufacturing, production of high quality products, and exceptional customer service. Six Sigma has been successfully implemented in this regard. In this paper, a selected survey of Six Sigma literature is presented to illustrate the wide scope of the application of the concept. This cou...

Oke, S. A.

2012-01-01

78

MTA versus Portland cement: review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Both Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA and Portland cement (PC have been highlighted because of their favorable biological properties, with extensive applications in Endodontics, including the possibility of using into root canal filling. Objective: This article reviews literature related to MTA and PC comparing their physical, chemical and biological properties, as well as their indications. Literature review: Literature reports studies revealing the similarities between these materials’ properties, including both biocompatibility and bone repair induction. Moreover, there is the need for the development of a root canal sealer based on these materials (MTA and PC. Conclusion: MTA and CP show promissory perspective both in Dentistry and Endodontics.

Naiana Viana Viola

2011-10-01

79

Computational Models of Narrative: Review of a Workshop  

OpenAIRE

On October 8-10, 2009 an interdisciplinary group met at the Wylie Center in Beverley, Massachusetts to evaluate the state of the art in the computational modeling of narrative. Three important findings emerged: (1) current work in computational modeling is described by three different levels of representation; (2) there is a paucity of studies at the highest, most abstract level aimed at inferring the meaning or message of the narrative; and (3) there is a need to establish a standard data ba...

Finlayson, Mark A. Massachusetts Institute Of Technology; Richards, Whitman Massachusetts Institute Of Technology; Winston, Patrick Henry Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

2010-01-01

80

Borderline Intellectual Functioning: A Systematic Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature related to people with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) was systematically reviewed in order to summarize the present knowledge. Database searches yielded 1,726 citations, and 49 studies were included in the review. People with BIF face a variety of hardships in life, including neurocognitive, social, and mental health…

Peltopuro, Minna; Ahonen, Timo; Kaartinen, Jukka; Seppälä, Heikki; Närhi, Vesa

2014-01-01

81

Phenomenology: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a review of relevant literature on the use of phenomenology as a research methodology in education research, with a focus on music education research. The review is organized as follows: (a) general education, (b) music research, (c) music education research, (d) dissertations, (e) important figures, (f) themes, and (g) the future.…

Randles, Clint

2012-01-01

82

Cocaine and thrombosis: a narrative systematic review of clinical and in-vivo studies  

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Full Text Available Abstract Purpose To systematically review the literature pertaining to the link between cocaine and either arterial or venous thrombosis. Procedures Narrative systematic review of Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Psycinfo and Cochrane databases supplemented by hand trawling of relevant journals and reference lists up to April 2007. In-vivo studies and those with clinical endpoints were included in the review. Results A total of 2458 abstracts led to 186 full-text papers being retrieved. 15 met the criteria for inclusion in the review. The weight of evidence would support cocaine as a pro-thrombotic agent. There is evidence of it activating thrombotic pathways. The effect of cocaine upon clinical endpoints has not been quantified though there is evidence of an association between cocaine and myocardial infarction particularly amongst young adults. Cocaine may also be a causal agent in cerebrovascular accident though studies lacked sufficient power to determine a statistically significant effect. There is a gap in the evidence pertaining to the issue of cocaine and venous thrombosis. Conclusion Clinicians should consider questioning for cocaine use particularly amongst young adults who present with cardiac symptoms. More epidemiological work is required to quantify the effect of cocaine upon both arterial and venous clotting mechanisms.

Elworthy Rebecca

2007-09-01

83

Image Retrieval: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

In the recent years, with the acquaintance ofinternet, there has been large amount of data resides on theweb. Therefore it becomes necessity for fast retrieval searchengines that retrieve documents and images.This paper tries toprovide a comprehensive review and characterize the variousproblems of image retrial techniques. We present a survey ofthe most popular image retrieval techniques with their pros andcons. Content Based Image Retrieval is the latest technique forimage retrieval.In order...

Meenakshi Shruti Pal, Dr Sushil Kumar Garg

2013-01-01

84

Nurse Caring: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this paper was to review the literature on caring among nurses. The approach utilized studies on nurse caring behaviors in a variety of patient care settings. Articles published between 1987-2012 in the CINAHL, Medline, and PubMed databases were used. Overall, fourteen different articles were deemed relevant and were included in the review. The review articles were grouped into three categories which were Acute/Surgical, Community/Institutionalized, and Postpartum/Childbirth. I...

Potter, Danita R.; Joshua Fogel

2013-01-01

85

Cardiac hydatid disease: literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hydatid disease is endemic to various regions of the world, with an incidence of 0.4 per 100,000 persons. Isolated cardiac involvement is rare and occurs in only 0.02%-2% of cases. As the majority of cases are asymptomatic, can present catastrophically, and lead to high mortality, it has become increasingly important to identify the disease in an early stage and treat it with surgical excision. This review aims to familiarize the readers with the varied presentations, early diagnosis, and management of cardiac hydatid disease. PMID:23284134

Abhishek, Vijayakumar; Avinash, Vijayakumar

2012-12-01

86

Narrative review of telemedicine consultation in medical practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Alessandro Di Cerbo,1,2 Julio Cesar Morales-Medina,3 Beniamino Palmieri,1,2 Tommaso Iannitti4 1Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere, 2Department of General Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Surgical Clinic, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Medical School, Modena, Italy; 3Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Animal, CINVESTAV, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl, Mexico; 4Department of Neuroscience, Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK Background: The use of telemedicine has grown across several medical fields, due to the increasing number of “e-patients”.Objective: This narrative review gives an overview of the growing use of telemedicine in different medical specialties, showing how its use can improve medical care.Methods: A PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus search was performed using the following keywords: telemedicine, teleconsultation, telehealth, e-health, and e-­medicine. Selected papers from 1996 to 2014 were chosen on the basis of their content (quality and novelty.Results: Telemedicine has already been applied to different areas of medical practice, and it is as effective as face-to-face medical care, at least for the diagnosis and treatment of some pathological conditions.Conclusion: Telemedicine is time- and cost-effective for both patients and health care professionals, encouraging its use on a larger scale. Telemedicine provides specialist medical care to patients who have poor access to hospitals, and ensures continuity of care and optimal use of available health resources. The use of telemedicine opens new perspectives for patients seeking a medical second opinion for their pathology, since they can have remote access to medical resources that would otherwise require enormous costs and time. Keywords: telemedicine, health care, patient

Di Cerbo A

2015-01-01

87

Discovering Oneself and Discovering Ourselves with the Help of Literature: Educational Possibilities of Narrative  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Undoubtedly narrative in education has frequently been studied. Nonetheless, in this paper we want to explore the different educational possibilities offered by narrative in order to discover identity through tradition. MacIntyre’s thought offers the categories of practice, tradition and narrative, in order to penetrate the central questions of personal identity and communicability that we consider the most suggestive. Some authors understand narrative as a very accurate means to access tradition and self-knowledge as well as to show the unity of human life and to vindicate the unity of tradition that we can face and those elements that constitute our moral habitat.

Miguel Rumayor

2010-09-01

88

Peripartum cardiomyopathy (A literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Heart failure (HF is a serious and growing public health concern, which has many causes. Pregnancy is a critical condition with significant hemodynamic and immunologic changes. Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM is a disease of unknown cause in which left ventricular (LV dysfunction occurs during the last trimester of pregnancy or the early puerperium. PPCM is known to be the most common cardiovascular cause of severe complications in pregnancy.  Risk factors for peripartum cardiomyopathy include advanced maternal age, twin pregnancy, smoking, pregnancy-related hypertension and preeclampsia, multiparity, African descent, and long-term tocolysis. Oxidative stress and some inflammatory markers have been diagnosed in PPCM pathophysiology. Recent observations have suggested that bromocriptine might favor recovery of LV systolic function in patients with PPCM. Patients developed peripartum cardiomiopathy treated with bromocriptine showed significantly improved LV ejection fraction and heart failure symptoms. This article tries to have a short review on this clinical scenario.

Farveh Vakilian

2014-07-01

89

Gestational trophoblastic disease: Literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Gestational trophoblastic disease is characterized by abnormal proliferation of pregnancy-associated trophoblastic tissue with malignant potential. Gestational trophoblastic disease covers a spectrum of conditions including hydatidiform mole, invasive mole, choriocarcinoma and placental site trophoblastic tumour. It is very important to understand the pathophysiology and natural history of the disease in order to achieve faster recognition and effective treatment. The presence and course of the disease can be monitored with quantitative levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin in all cases. Clinical signs and symptoms are usually insufficient to diagnose and predict the extent of disease. Nowadays, gestational trophoblastic diseases are the best treated gynaecological malignancy thanks to modern technology. This review covers various aspects of gestational trophoblastic disease: its development, epidemiology, aetiology and pathogenesis, as well as its classification, clinical manifestations and diagnostic methods.

Milenkovi? Vera

2011-01-01

90

Trace element emissions. Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Application of fossil fuels by various utilities results in the emission of trace elements to air, water and solid waste streams. Elements present in coal are released as particles or as vapours during coal combustion or gasification. Owing to the increased consumption of coal, especially for power generation, huge quantities of potentially hazardous trace elements are released into the atmosphere every year. It is necessary to evaluate the emissions of each trace element from coal-fired combustion or gasification systems, and their effects on the environment. Present research interests should be aimed at determining the sources, concentrations, and environmental impact of trace elements related with energy generation and relevant control technologies. Two of the emerging advanced coal gasification technologies, such as integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) are presently experiencing potential difficulties due to trace element emissions. In order to control the levels of these contaminants within regulatory limits and to ensure the efficient operation of fuel cells, it is necessary to determine the type and quantity of trace elements emitted from coal gasification-based systems as a function of system, operating conditions, and type of coal. The partitioning of the trace elements is influenced by the gasification conditions. In general, the following gasification conditions are expected to influence the distributionare expected to influence the distribution of trace elements between various product streams. (a) reducing and oxidizing environments (b) gas phase composition, pressure and temperature. The present report was aimed at finding and identifying gaps existing in the literature on the trace element transformations during gasification. Also included in the report is the modelling of relevant transformation mechanisms of the trace elements during gasification as a function of coal type and process conditions. 7 figs., 6 tabs., 69 refs

91

Dignity in care in the clinical setting: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review aimed to explore nursing literature and research on dignity in care of inpatients and to evaluate how the care patients received in the hospital setting was related to perceived feelings of being dignified or undignified. Studies conducted between 2000 and 2010 were considered, using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and MEDLINE, and the search terms 'patient dignity', 'dignity in care', 'human dignity and nursing' and 'dignity and nursing ethics'. Findings revealed, from the perspectives of nurses and patients, that dignity in care in the hospital setting is seen to be influenced by physical environment, staff attitude and behaviour, organisational culture and patient independence. This review can help nurses to better understand dignity in care, and for policy makers, there are implications about determining the physical environment, staff attitude and behaviour and organisational culture needed to promote patient dignity in nursing. By identifying the most important factors from patients' and nurses' perspectives that contribute to dignity in care, nursing interventions, such as campaigns and education in clinical practice, can be developed. PMID:23131700

Lin, Yea-Pyng; Watson, Roger; Tsai, Yun-Fang

2013-03-01

92

PELLETIZATION TECHNIQUES: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In present times, the pelletization technologies are gaining much attention as they represent an efficient pathway for manufacture of oral drug delivery systems. This is due to the reason that pellets offer many therapeutic, technological as well as biopharmaceutical advantages over the conventional oral dosage forms. Pelletization technique enables the formation of spherical beads or pellets with a mean diameter usually ranging from 0.5-2.0 mm which can be eventually coated for preparation of modified release dosage forms. Pelletization leads to an improvement in flowability, appearance and mixing properties thus avoiding generation of excessive dust and reducing segregation, and, generally, eliminating undesirable properties and improving the physical and chemical properties of fine powders. Pellets are produced by various techniques, such as, extrusion/ spheronization, layering, cryopelletization, freeze pelletization, spray congealing, spray drying and compression. Amongst various techniques, Extrusion/Spheronization technique is the most widely utilized technique due to its high efficiency and simple and fast processing. The aim of this paper is to review some general aspects about pellets and pelletization and some common techniques being utilized in the pharmaceutical industry.

Punia Supriya

2012-03-01

93

Invisible Colleges: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Generation and consumption of information are among the functions unique to higher education. Scholarly communication plays an essential role in this process to such a degree that some consider it as being the cornerstone of science. Thus it could be said that no education could be realized without communication. Scientometrists analyze and assess formal scientific communications by studying the level of citation of such scientific outputs as books, journals and etc. Nevertheless, there is a special type of communication that lacks any external manifestation such as citations. Informal learning and education are indebted to such communication. This kind of informal communication for generating knowledge leads to an informal association among the scholars, which is called as "The invisible college". There are various definitions and interpretations concerning an invisible college. According to Price’s opinion, an invisible college is comprised of over a hundred colleagues that are engaged in communication with one another. He believed that members in such an association are reasonably in touch with and could consult and influence one another. The present paper, by reacquainting with the concept of invisible college, would review the role of informal links in the production of knowledge and higher education system, various assessment methods and critical notes, as well as the impact of modern ICT tools on the concept of invisible college.

Rassoul Zavaraqi

2010-09-01

94

A narrative review of factors influencing detection and treatment of depression in Vietnam.  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression is among the most common psychiatric conditions in primary health care, and constitutes an important part of the global disease burden. However, it is difficult to obtain comparable data on depression worldwide and models for treatment and intervention need to be locally adapted. We conducted a narrative review of research literature on factors that influence depression screening, diagnosis and treatment among the Vietnamese population. This explorative approach included studies describing: a) culturally or contextually specific risk-factors for depression; b) any depression treatment seeking or treatment acceptability/adherence aspects or; c) depression screening among Vietnamese patients. We searched the PubMed and Cinahl databases, as well as relevant Vietnamese peer-reviewed journals and this produced 20 articles that were included in the review. Our findings indicate the importance of considering somatic symptoms when screening for depression in Vietnam as well as the use of culturally adapted and dimensional screening instruments. Our study confirms that depression reflects chronic social adversity, and thus an approach to mental health management that focuses solely on individual pathology will fail to address its important social causes. Further studies should elucidate whether neurasthenia is a commonly used illness label among Vietnamese patients that coincides with depression. The tendency among Vietnamese to seek traditional Vietnamese medicine and meditation practice when experiencing emotional distress was supported by our findings. PMID:23647977

Niemi, Maria; Målqvist, Mats; Giang, Kim Bao; Allebeck, Peter; Falkenberg, Torkel

2013-01-01

95

Four EIS Perspectives: A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A literature review of the Enterprise Information Systems literature reveals a number of recurring issues. We identify and detail four different perspectives that together categorizes the topics found. The first being a technical-rational perspective. The second being a social perspective. The third being a more political and emergent perspective. Fourth, we identify a design-oriented perspective. We categorize the literature on EIS using these four perspectives, and for each perspective we identify core issues. Finally we discuss how the four perspectives complement each other.

Pries-Heje, Jan; Svejvig, Per

96

A systematic narrative review of consumer-directed care for older people: implications for model development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Consumer-directed care is increasingly becoming a mainstream option in community-based aged care. However, a systematic review describing how the current evaluation research translates into practise has not been published to date. This review aimed to systematically establish an evidence base of user preferences for and satisfaction with services associated with consumer-directed care programmes for older people. Twelve databases were searched, including MedLine, BioMed Central, Cinahl, Expanded Academic ASAP, PsychInfo, ProQuest, Age Line, Science Direct, Social Citation Index, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. Google Scholar and Google were also searched. Eligible studies were those reporting on choice, user preferences and service satisfaction outcomes regarding a programme or model of home-based care in the United States or United Kingdom. This systematic narrative review retrieved literature published from January 1992 to August 2011. A total of 277 references were identified. Of these 17 met the selection criteria and were reviewed. Findings indicate that older people report varying preferences for consumer-directed care with some demonstrating limited interest. Clients and carers reported good service satisfaction. However, research comparing user preferences across countries or investigating how ecological factors shape user preferences has received limited attention. Policy-makers and practitioners need to carefully consider the diverse contexts, needs and preferences of older adults in adopting consumer-directed care approaches in community aged care. The review calls for the development of consumer-directed care programmes offering a broad range of options that allow for personalisation and greater control over services without necessarily transferring the responsibility for administrative responsibilities to service users. Review findings suggest that consumer-directed care approaches have the potential to empower older people. PMID:23465034

Ottmann, Goetz; Allen, Jacqui; Feldman, Peter

2013-11-01

97

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

Aphramor Lucy

2010-07-01

98

Surviving depressive ill-health: a qualitative systematic review of older persons' narratives.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this qualitative systematic review was to report a comprehensive literature synthesis of older persons' narratives about what they need in order to survive when suffering from depression. Their survival strategies seem to be a state rarely outlined in the literature. A systematic search of EBSCOhost/Academic Search Premier, ProQuest and PubMed was conducted for the period January 2000 to April 2012. Data were analyzed by means of thematic analysis. Thirteen studies were selected and three themes emerged from synthesis: the need for courage, strength, and self-reliance; the meaning of responsibility; and wearing a mask of normalcy to hide the shame. The first comprised two subthemes: the value of faith and distraction and activity; the second had no subtheme; and the third had one subtheme: reaching out of loneliness towards aloneness and connectivity. Further research should be focused on how community projects can improve health services such as enhancing the safety of health care and disseminating health information. PMID:23692267

Holm, Anne Lise; Severinsson, Elisabeth

2014-03-01

99

Review: Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Review of: Review of: Hartley, L and P Schiaffini-Vedani (eds. 2008. Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change. Durham: Duke University Press. The idea for this book was conceived after a 2001 conference panel on the same subject at an annual meeting of the Association of Asian Studies. The final product is composed of fourteen essays from thirteen scholars, including a foreword by Mathew Kapstein and an introduction by the editors. ...

Timothy Thurston

2010-12-01

100

TRANSPORT THROUGH CRACKED CONCRETE: LITERATURE REVIEW  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Concrete containment structures and cement-based fills and waste forms are used at the Savannah River Site to enhance the performance of shallow land disposal systems designed for containment of low-level radioactive waste. Understanding and measuring transport through cracked concrete is important for describing the initial condition of radioactive waste containment structures at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and for predicting performance of these structures over time. This report transmits the results of a literature review on transport through cracked concrete which was performed by Professor Jason Weiss, Purdue University per SRR0000678 (RFP-RQ00001029-WY). This review complements the NRC-sponsored literature review and assessment of factors relevant to performance of grouted systems for radioactive waste disposal. This review was performed by The Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses, San Antonio, TX, and The University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Scotland and was focused on tank closure. The objective of the literature review on transport through cracked concrete was to identify information in the open literature which can be applied to SRS transport models for cementitious containment structures, fills, and waste forms. In addition, the literature review was intended to: (1) Provide a framework for describing and classifying cracks in containment structures and cementitious materials used in radioactive waste disposal, (2) Document the state of knowledge and research related to transport through cracks in concrete for various exposure conditions, (3) Provide information or methodology for answering several specific questions related to cracking and transport in concrete, and (4) Provide information that can be used to design experiments on transport through cracked samples and actual structures.

Langton, C.

2012-05-11

101

Assessing Stress in Children: A Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

If parents, school personnel, or other caring adults want to reduce the number of stressors or the amount of stress experienced by school children, these adults must first recognize childhood stress, identify children's stressors, and evaluate the stress. This literature review reveals how adults can accomplish these goals by defining stress,…

Romer, Gail H.

102

A literature review on wet deposition  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The literature on wet deposition or precipitation scavenging have been reviewed with special reference to predicting the radiological consequences of accidental contamination. The work was part of the EEC Radiation Protection Programme and done under a subcontract with Association Euratom-C.E.A. No. SC-014-BIAF-423-DK(SD). (author)

103

Thoughts on the Literature Review and GT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Thinking about epistemic questions always reminds me of Socrates’ cave allegory. In Plato’s most famous book,The Republic, Socrates talks to a young follower named Glaucon. I would like to include here a short excerpt of their conversation and discuss how this relates to my thoughts about preceding a classic GT study with a thorough literature review.

Thoughts on the Literature Review and GT

2006-06-01

104

Thoughts on the Literature Review and GT  

OpenAIRE

Thinking about epistemic questions always reminds me of Socrates’ cave allegory. In Plato’s most famous book,The Republic, Socrates talks to a young follower named Glaucon. I would like to include here a short excerpt of their conversation and discuss how this relates to my thoughts about preceding a classic GT study with a thorough literature review.

Gt, Thoughts On The Literature Review And

2006-01-01

105

A Review of the Child Abuse Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper presents a review of the literature on physical child abuse. Aspects covered include the history of child abuse, incidence and statistics, definitions, improved reporting and detection systems, the physician's role, informing the public, child abuse theories, potential for abuse in the parent, the child's own contribution to his or her…

Lee, Jeannine

106

Research Methods for Comprehensive Science Literature Reviews  

Science.gov (United States)

Finding some information on most topics is easy. There are abundant sources of information readily available. However, completing a comprehensive literature review on a particular topic is often difficult, laborious, and time intensive; the project requires organization, persistence, and an understanding of the scholarly communication and…

Brown, Barry N.

2009-01-01

107

A narrative review of the impact of disbelief in chronic pain.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the experience of being believed is frequently alluded to in chronic pain literature, few studies have specifically explored this phenomenon and even fewer reviews have been offered. This narrative review sought to explore the wider social context in which individuals with chronic pain may experience disbelief toward their pain. Articles were obtained through a search of eight databases and a hand search of the references of full-text papers. Key results within the articles were noted and integrated to form three main themes: stigma, the experience of isolation, and the experience of emotional distress. The experience of stigma can occur in a number of ways. It may be through actual or perceived encounters with others; it can be through the use of psychologic explanations of pain; it can come through a perceived challenge to one's integrity and subsequently affect an individual's identity; and such stigma may be influenced by negative female stereotypes. The loss of relationships associated with being disbelieved can lead to the experience of isolation. This may be self-initiated, particularly when an individual has been given a contested diagnosis. Finally, disbelief can lead to emotional distress. This can take the form of guilt, depression, and anger. Throughout the article, implications for health care professionals, working with individuals living with chronic pain, are discussed. PMID:23972867

Newton, Benjamin J; Southall, Jane L; Raphael, Jon H; Ashford, Robert L; LeMarchand, Karen

2013-09-01

108

Acknowledging the back patient : A thematic synthesis of qualitative research. A systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Introduction: A thorough review of qualitative studies has revealed that telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. Thus, it has been the aim of this qualitative literature review to investigate what it feels like to be a back patient and what back patients consider important when dealing with the healthcare system. Methods: The method draws on James Thomas' and Angela Hardens approach in "Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews" (2008). The thematic synthesis aims to systematise and integrate findings of qualitative studies. Results: The analysis reveals that many back patients feel that their experiences and perceptions are ignored by the health professionals, who are often concerned about identifying the cause. This can result in patients feeling mistrusted, marginalised and reluctant to speak out. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. The health professionals must incorporate the patients’ narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment. Conclusions: In order to acknowledge the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argues for a more process-oriented patient approach that incorporates patients' narratives as an integral and ethical part of the care and treatment.

Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene

109

Blood lead level and seizure: a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Environmental pollution is one of the most serious and fast-growing problems in the world of today. Lead poisoning is a threatening environmental situation with the potential of causing irreversible health issues and serious negative consequences in adults and children. Lead proves to have almost no clear biological function. However, once it enters the body, it is known to cause severe health effects, which might be irreversible. In this article, we aimed to review the related literature to find evidence concerning the effect of lead toxicity on CNS, particularly its role in febrile convulsion. In this review, PubMed database was searched using MeSH terms. One hundred and fifty seven articles were retrieved, most of which were irrelevant to the topic. After a thorough search in PubMed and Google Scholar, seizure was shown to be one of the consequences of lead toxicity, but there was no evidence of epilepsy or febrile convulsion, induced by this metal contamination.

Ahmad Shah Farhat

2015-01-01

110

Lithium literature review: lithium's properties and interactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The lithium literature has been reviewed to provide a better understanding of the effects of lithium spills that might occur in magnetic fusion energy (MFE) facilities. Lithium may be used as a breeding blanket and reactor coolant in these facilities. Physical and chemical properties of lithium as well as the chemical interactions of lithium with various gases, metals and non-metals have been identified. A preliminary assessment of lithium-concrete reactions has been completed using differential thermal analysis. Suggestions are given for future studies in areas where literature is lacking or limited

111

A narrative review of medical, chiropractic, and alternative health practices in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract Objective Primary dysmenorrhea and related issues are discussed as they influence the gynecological and social health of females during adolescence, adulthood, and senior maturity. Health practitioners are exposed to multiple approaches towards the management of menstrual pain. Clinical and social viewpoints target the causation, development, diagnosis, manifestation and management of primary dysmenorrhea. This narrative review includes the topic of the doctor-patient relationship in efforts of cultivating effectively communicative health practitioners. Controversial topics related to primary dysmenorrhea and the quality of life for women are addressed. Data Sources A search for literature reviews, case studies, laboratory research, and clinical trials from 1985–2004 was performed using the MEDLINE database. Sources of additional information included textbooks, national organizational literature and contemporary articles. Discussion Menstrual pain is a prevalent experience yet it is socially taboo for conversation; as such, it poses a hindrance to its management. The communication between the doctor and patient is a critical barrier point between establishing a diagnosis and determining an appropriate treatment plan. A multi-disciple treatment plan varies as much as patients themselves vary in personal experiences, needs, and preferences. Conclusions Medicinal prophylactics, physical therapeutics, non-acidic diets, herbal supplements, eastern therapies and the chiropractic manual adjustments of the spine are effective methods for the management of primary dysmenorrhea. The non-invasive management of primary dysmenorrhea includes the chiropractic adjustment with complimentary modalities, and other alternative health care practices. Medicinal prophylactics are invasive and pose a higher risk to long-term chemical exposure, side effects or irreversible conditions. PMID:19674650

Spears, Lolita G.

2005-01-01

112

Adherence to depression treatment in older adults: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression in older adults has been detected, diagnosed and treated more frequently in recent years. However, substantial gaps in effective treatment remain. Adherence to depression treatment can be viewed as the 'next frontier' in the treatment of late-life depression. Using the Theory of Reasoned Action, a model of health behaviours, this paper conceptualizes and reviews the current evidence for key patient-level factors associated with depression treatment adherence among older adults. We categorize these factors according to how their impact on adherence might be affected by specialized treatment approaches or interventions as: (i) modifiable; (ii) potentially modifiable; and (iii) non-modifiable. Based on current evidence, modifiable factors associated with depression treatment adherence include patient attitudes, beliefs and social norms. Patient attitudes include perceptions of the effectiveness of depression treatment, preferences for the type of depression treatment and concepts regarding the aetiology of depression (e.g. resistance to viewing depression as a medical illness). There is also evidence from the literature that spiritual and religious beliefs may be important determinants of adherence to depression care. Social norms such as the impact of caregiver agreement with treatment recommendations and stigma may also affect adherence to depression treatment. Other factors may be less modifiable per se, but they may have an impact on adherence that is potentially modifiable by specialized interventions. Based upon a review of the current literature, potentially modifiable factors associated with adherence to depression treatment include co-morbid anxiety, substance use, cognitive status, polypharmacy and medical co-morbidity, social support and the cost of treatment. Finally, non-modifiable factors include patient gender and race. Importantly, non-modifiable factors may interact with modifiable factors to affect health behavioural intent (e.g. race and spiritual beliefs). Thus, adherence to depression treatment in older adults is associated with multiple factors. Strategies to improve patient adherence need to be multidimensional, including consideration of age-related cognitive and co-morbidity factors, environmental and social factors, functional status and belief systems. Evidence-based interventions involving greater patient, caregiver, provider and public health education should be developed to decrease stigma, negative attitudes and other modifiable barriers to detection, diagnosis, treatment and adherence to depression treatment. These interventions should also be tailored to the individual as well as to the treatment setting. While important progress has been made in increasing detection of depression in older adults, greater focus now needs to be placed on treatment engagement and continuation of improvements in quality of life, reducing suffering and achieving better outcomes. PMID:18582145

Zivin, Kara; Kales, Helen C

2008-01-01

113

Reasons for mother-infant bed-sharing: a systematic narrative synthesis of the literature and implications for future research.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mother-infant bed-sharing has been a common practice for centuries. Understanding the reasons parents choose to bed-share can help tailor safe sleep education. The purpose of this article was to systematically review the international literature on: (1) reasons parents bed-share, (2) the cultural context of bed-sharing, and (3) implications for interventions and future research. The search occurred August-September 2013 via PubMed, CINAHL, and Psyc INFO using the terms: "infant," "sleep," "bed shar*," "co sleep*," "sleep location," "sleep practices," and "sleep arrangements," alone or in combination. Google Scholar was searched using: "bed share," "bed sharing," "co sleep," and "co sleeping." Inclusion criteria were: (1) referenced bed-sharing with infants 12 months or younger; (2) provided reasons for bed-sharing; and (3) published between 1990 and 2013. Studies were excluded if they focused on disorders such as epilepsy, breathing disorders, or among multi-gestational infants. Narrative synthesis was used to summarize findings. Thirty-four studies met inclusion criteria. The main themes around bed-sharing based on this synthesis included: (1) breastfeeding, (2) comforting, (3) better/more sleep, (4) monitoring, (5) bonding/attachment, (6) environmental, (7) crying, (8) tradition, (9) disagree with danger, and (10) maternal instinct. Findings suggest that future research should examine parents' decision-making process on infant sleep location, including how they weigh personal reasons and sources of advice. Public health interventions should incorporate the particular reasons of the population they are targeting. Clinicians should discuss infant sleep environment with each family, along with their motivations for choosing this environment, and work within that framework to address the safety of the sleep environment. PMID:24985697

Ward, Trina C Salm

2015-03-01

114

Embedded Academic Librarianship: A Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives – The purpose of this review is to examine the development of embedded librarianship, its multiple meanings, and activities in practice. The review will also report on published outcomes and future research needs of embedded librarian programs.Methods – A search of current literature was conducted and summarized searching PubMed, CINAHL, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (EBSCO, Academic Search Complete, and ERIC (EBSCO through August 23, 2012. Articles wereselected for inclusion in the review if they reported research findings related to embedded librarianship, if they provided unique case reports about embedded librarian programs, or if they provided substantive editorial comments on the topic. Relevant study findings were assessed for quality and presented in tabular and narrative form.Results – Currently, there is disparity in how embedded librarianship is being definedand used in common practice, ranging from embedding an online component into asingle course to full physical and cultural integration into an academic college orbusiness unit of an organization. Activities of embedded librarians include creatingcourse integrated instruction modules for either face-to-face or online courses, providingin depth research assistance to students or faculty, and co-locating within colleges orcustomer units via office hours for a few hours to all hours per week. Several case reports exist in the recent literature. Few high quality research studies reporting outcomes of librarians or library programs labeled as embedded exist at this point. Some evidence suggests that embedded librarians are effective with regards to student learning of information literacy objectives. Surveys suggest that both students and faculty appreciate embedded librarian services.Conclusion – Most published accounts discuss librarians embedding content and ready access to services in an online course management system. A few notable cases describe the physical and cultural integration of librarians into the library user environs. Future research using valid quantitative methods is needed to explore the impact of large scale, customized, embedded programs.

Stephanie J. Schulte

2012-12-01

115

Lipedema: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lipedema is a disorder of adipose tissue that primarily affects females and is often misdiagnosed as obesity or lymphedema. Relatively few studies have defined the precise pathogenesis, epidemiology, and management strategies for this disorder, yet the need to successfully identify this disorder as a unique entity has important implications for proper treatment. In this review, we sought to review and identify information in the existing literature with respect to the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and management strategies for lipedema. The current literature suggests that lipedema appears to be a clinical entity thought to be related to both genetic factors and fat distribution. While distinct from lymphedema and obesity, there are some existing treatments such as complex decongestive physiotherapy, liposuction, and laser-assisted lipolysis. Management of lipedema is complex and distinct from lymphedema. The role of newer randomized controlled studies to further explore the management of this clinical entity remains promising. PMID:25326446

Okhovat, Jean-Phillip; Alavi, Afsaneh

2014-10-17

116

Motives for barter : A literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Barter is not something that was present only before invention of money. Even Fortune 500 companies are involved in barter. The most common bartered goods and services are media and travel. As the amount of barter increases even in the U.S., it is worth investigating the reasons why organizations use barter. The paper provides a literature review of barter motives digested from academic journal articles covered in the Web of Science and EBSCO databases. The review includes also drivers that are specific for developing countries.

Sudzina, Frantisek

2011-01-01

117

Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty – A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Professor Grammont revolutionised shoulder surgery with his reverse shoulder arthroplasty design. Patients who had poor results from a conventional shoulder replacement because of cuff deficiency can now be treated effectively. Although designed for cuff tear arthropathy, indications continue to evolve and broaden. The initial results look very promising and the implant has gained much popularity over the years. The article provides an extensive literature review of the indications, results a...

Mahmood, Aatif; Malal, Joby Jacob George; Waseem, Mohammed

2013-01-01

118

Prevention of pressure ulcers : Systematic literature review  

OpenAIRE

Treating a pressure ulcer takes lots of nursing personnel's time and is costly both in terms of human suffering and use of resources. The purpose of this study was to collect and assamble research data about the prevention of pressure ulcers. The study was done as a systematic literature review. With the results, the knowledge and know-how of pressure ulcers' prevention can be increased and updated. The results can be utilised by everyone working with pressure ulcers. The systematic ...

Kavonen, Heidi

2009-01-01

119

In Search Of Passion– Review Of Literature  

OpenAIRE

As business environment is changing faster than before, organizations are concentratingmore on their manpower to cope up with such rapid changes. Now days, organizationwants “Passion” in their employees as it is one trait which can turn failure into success.Passion is no more a word which has its place only in the area of romance or perusinghobbies but it has taken an important position in the realm of work also. The presentpaper intends to provide a systematic review of literature on the...

Rupali Johri; Jyoti Yadav

2012-01-01

120

A Literature Review on Content ESL Instruction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Content instruction is a method to integrate language instruction with subject (Crandall, 1987. It has been used in various language learning contexts for the last twenty-five years and its popularity and wider applicability have increased dramatically in the past ten years. They show that content instruction is taken effective in a wide rage context in bilingual education. This literature review focuses on some of the ways in which English language instruction is integrated with science.

Yingli Wang

2013-05-01

121

Orf: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ecthyma contagiosum, or orf, is an uncommon dermatosis resulting from cutaneous infection with sheep pox virus. It is generally a benign and self-limited condition. Early clinical recognition is paramount to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention or extensive diagnostic workup. Diagnosis is usually based on a clinically typical skin lesion, characteristic histology, and a history of sheep exposure. We report the case of an infected sheep farmer and review the literature. PMID:1752035

Huerter, C J; Alvarez, L; Stinson, R

1991-01-01

122

Software industry experiments: a systematic literature review  

OpenAIRE

There is no specialized survey of experiments conducted in the software industry. Goal: Identify the major features of software industry experiments, such as time distribution, independent and dependent variables, subject types, design types and challenges. Method: Systematic literature review, taking the form of a scoping study. Results: We have identified 10 experiments and five quasi-experiments up to July 2012. Most were run as of 2003. The main features of these studies are that they tes...

Dieste Tubio, Oscar; Juristo Juzgado, Natalia; Marti?nez, Mauro Danilo

2013-01-01

123

Ketamine Induced Vesicopathy: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Introduction – Ketamine consumption in on the increase as a recreationally abuses substance. It is reported to cause lower urinary tract symptoms and published accounts of its deleterious effects are increasing. We reviewed the available literature regarding the urological impact of Ketamine abuse and its management. Methods – twenty two publications were found in total after a search of all databases including Pubmed, Medline and Google Scholar using the words “k...

Middela, Seshikanth; Pearce, Ian

2010-01-01

124

Smoking habits among adolescents : a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Due to the addictive nature of nicotine, adolescents who experiment with smoking are at high risk to develop a regular smoking pattern and to continue smoking in adulthood. This thesis examined the factors contributing to smoking inititation among adolescents. The method employed in this study was a systematic literature review. The purpose of this study was to identify factors contributing to adolescent smoking initiation. The aim of the thesis is to produce an evidence based information ...

Kusi-appau, Isaac

2011-01-01

125

Information literacy in Europe: a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Examines the developments in information literacy in Europe and provides an overview of the concepts used and discussed by European authors. Some examples of information literacy initiatives in schools and the higher education sector, as well as of institutions and organizations, projects and conferences concerned with information literacy, are given. Some research initiatives are also introduced. The overview is based on literature reviews and personal observations and involvement and presen...

Sirje Virkus

2003-01-01

126

Reverse shoulder arthroplasty - a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Professor Grammont revolutionised shoulder surgery with his reverse shoulder arthroplasty design. Patients who had poor results from a conventional shoulder replacement because of cuff deficiency can now be treated effectively. Although designed for cuff tear arthropathy, indications continue to evolve and broaden. The initial results look very promising and the implant has gained much popularity over the years. The article provides an extensive literature review of the indications, results and complications for reverse shoulder arthroplasty. PMID:24082977

Mahmood, Aatif; Malal, Joby Jacob George; Waseem, Mohammed

2013-01-01

127

[The challenges of health promotion in a multicultural society: a narrative review].  

Science.gov (United States)

Nowadays multicultural reality leads health professionals to interact in their daily work with individuals and families from diverse cultures. The interaction between a person or family and a health professional from a different culture is called "cultural encounter". These encounters involve difficulties, complications and barriers, which health professionals will have to face in order to provide good care and promote healthy lifestyles. This narrative review shows that the difficulties are related to cultural and linguistic factors, health literacy, disadvantages in socio-economic status and the prejudices and stereotypes of healthcare professionals. Different strategies are described in the literature that could help health professionals to overcome these difficulties, namely: the development of culturally appropriate programmes; appropriate pedagogy and resources, and the use of culturally and linguistically sensitive materials; the use of interpreters and the organization of courses to learn the most widely spoken language. In addition to these strategies, the need is underscored for a change of approach in which the objective should be training health professionals to achieve so-called "cultural competence". Training in cultural competence would encourage professionals to offer tailored care plans, taking into account the cultural values, beliefs and practices of any person or family, and would help them to avoid stereotypes and prejudices. PMID:25567393

Belintxon, M; López de Dicastillo, O

2014-01-01

128

Treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer: a case report and narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction. Treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer is under discussion. Differences between clinical and pathological staging and risk factors such as positive surgical margins and seminal vesicle involvement challenge the individual treatment decisions. Case Presentation. Clinical tumor stage before treatment was assessed to be T2. After radical prostatectomy, pathological examination revealed the stage pT3b N0 M0 including positive surgical margin and seminal vesicle involvement. Early adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy and late adjuvant radiation therapy were added in response to the pathological risk factors. No evidence of disease was observed for 15 years after the treatment. The unexpected pathological findings were not explained by the physicians in charge. Discussion. A narrative review of the recent literature showed that multiple treatment modalities including adjuvant radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy are consistent with current recommendations. The multimodal approach has possibly cured a high-risk patient and may also work successfully in other patients. An alternative treatment option with better preservation of health-related quality of life might have also achieved a similar good overall survival. PMID:23346453

Peinemann, Frank; Pinkawa, Michael

2012-01-01

129

Integrating a Narrative Medicine Telephone Interview with Online Life Review Education for Cancer Patients: Lessons Learned and Future Directions  

OpenAIRE

We describe an online narrative and life review education program for cancer patients and the results of a small implementation test to inform future directions for further program development and full-scale evaluation research. The intervention combined three types of psycho-oncology narrative interventions that have been shown to help patients address emotional and existential issues: 1) a physician-led dignity-enhancing telephone interview to elicit the life narrative and delivery of an ed...

Wise, Meg; Marchand, Lucille; Cleary, James F.; Aeschlimann, Elizabeth; Causier, Daniel

2009-01-01

130

Effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 1  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures the active strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. Studies of analytic, descriptive and qualitative designs from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted to examine what service linkages have been used in studies of collaboration in primary mental health care. Findings from the randomised trials were tabulated to show the proportion that demonstrated clinical, service delivery and economic benefits. Results A review of 119 studies found ten linkage types. Most studies used a combination of linkage types and so the 42 RCTs were grouped into four broad linkage categories for meaningful descriptive analysis of outcomes. Studies that used multiple linkage strategies from the suite of "direct collaborative activities" plus "agreed guidelines" plus "communication systems" showed positive clinical (81%, service (78% and economic (75% outcomes. Most evidence of effectiveness came from studies of depression. Long term benefits were attributed to medication concordance and the use of case managers with a professional background who received expert supervision. There were fewer randomised trials related to collaborative care of people with psychosis and there were almost none related to collaboration with the wider human service sectors. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality or attempt to weight findings according to power or effect size. Conclusion There is strong evidence to support collaborative primary mental health care for people with depression when linkages involve "direct collaborative activity", plus "agreed guidelines" and "communication systems".

Parker Sharon

2011-04-01

131

Nurse Caring: A Review of the Literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to review the literature on caring among nurses. The approach utilized studies on nurse caring behaviors in a variety of patient care settings. Articles published between 1987-2012 in the CINAHL, Medline, and PubMed databases were used. Overall, fourteen different articles were deemed relevant and were included in the review. The review articles were grouped into three categories which were Acute/Surgical, Community/Institutionalized, and Postpartum/Childbirth. In conclusion, human needs assistance was a consistent aspect of caring valued by patients.  We recommend that nurses learn their patient’s likes and dislikes while also providing for topics related to patient physical needs. Also when caring for children, nurses should use entertainment and humor as part of their caring approach. 

Danita R. Potter

2013-01-01

132

Instrumentation of dental implants: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction and Objective: The aim of this study was to review the literature on the systems used to decontaminate the implant’s surface. Different instruments have been proposed, but there is no agreement in the literature about which methods would be more efficient with no damage to the implant surface. It was reported the use of plastic, carbon fiber, stainless-steel and titanium curettes and also the use of other systems such as ultrasonic points with different tips, rubber cups and air abrasion. Literature review: In most of the studies, the injury caused on the titanium surface at the time of instrumentation was examined. In others, the cell adhesion on the titanium dental implants following instrumentation of the implant surface was observed. Moreover, to enhance cleaning around implants, ultrasonic systems were recently tested. Conclusion: Metal instruments can lead to major damage to implant surface, therefore, they are not indicated for decontamination of dental implants surfaces. Furthermore, non-metallic instruments, such as plastic curettes, rubber cups, air abrasion and some ultrasonic systems seem to be better choices to remove calculus and plaque of the sub- and supra-gingival peri-implant area. It is noteworthy that more studies evaluating the effects of these systems are required to establish best practices to be used in the treatment of patients with dental implants.

Fabiana de Almeida Curylofo

2013-03-01

133

Review of Children’s Identity Construction via Narratives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Understanding oneself is a fundamental human concern that starts early and continues throughout life. Identity construction is also a life-long process, but early childhood is the critical period for laying the foundation. Children’s identity construction proceeds through diverse perspectives which do not necessarily follow developmental steps. These perspectives include how children view themselves in relation to others through narratives, and how they embody themselves in the peer interactions of peer group and school. Self-identity is changed and transformed through interactions with environment and diverse experiences. The various ways children construct their identities reveal their efforts to “become.” Understanding who we are in early childhood opens the door to acknowledging ourselves as significant human beings.

Jiryung Ahn

2011-12-01

134

Literature Review on Dynamic Cellular Manufacturing System  

Science.gov (United States)

In previous decades, manufacturers faced a lot of challenges because of globalization and high competition in markets. These problems arise from shortening product life cycle, rapid variation in demand of products, and also rapid changes in manufcaturing technologies. Nowadays most manufacturing companies expend considerable attention for improving flexibility and responsiveness in order to overcome these kinds of problems and also meet customer's needs. By considering the trend toward the shorter product life cycle, the manufacturing environment is towards manufacturing a wide variety of parts in small batches [1]. One of the major techniques which are applied for improving manufacturing competitiveness is Cellular Manufacturing System (CMS). CMS is type of manufacturing system which tries to combine flexibility of job shop and also productivity of flow shop. In addition, Dynamic cellular manufacturing system which considers different time periods for the manufacturing system becomes an important topic and attracts a lot of attention to itself. Therefore, this paper made attempt to have a brief review on this issue and focused on all published paper on this subject. Although, this topic gains a lot of attention to itself during these years, none of previous researchers focused on reviewing the literature of that which can be helpful and useful for other researchers who intend to do the research on this topic. Therefore, this paper is the first study which has focused and reviewed the literature of dynamic cellular manufacturing system.

Nouri Houshyar, A.; Leman, Z.; Pakzad Moghadam, H.; Ariffin, M. K. A. M.; Ismail, N.; Iranmanesh, H.

2014-06-01

135

Intentional rounding: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intentional rounding is a structured approach whereby nurses conduct checks on patients at set times to assess and manage their fundamental care needs. Concerns about poor standards of basic nursing care have refocused attention on the need to ensure fundamental aspects of care are delivered reliably. A literature review was conducted to inform nurses planning to use this approach in their practice and to direct future research in this area. The aim is to explore the implementation and use of intentional rounding and its effectiveness in improving patient care. PMID:24712630

Forde-Johnston, Carol

2014-04-15

136

Queilitis: Revisión bibliográfica / Cheilitis: Literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se realiza una actualización bibliográfica de la queilitis, en la que se analizan las formas clínicas más generales de su presentación. Se muestran los datos recogidos de mayor interés sobre su sinonimia, clasificación, etiología y patogenia. Se muestran los diferentes métodos terapéuticos utilizado [...] s incluyendo la medicina natural y tradicional, la homeopatía y el láser como alternativas de tratamiento. Abstract in english A literature review of cheilitis was made in which the most general clinical forms of presentation were analyzed. Interesting data on synonyms, classification, etiology and pathogeny were presented. Various therapeutic methods including herb and traditional medicine, homeopathy and laser technique w [...] ere offered as treatment options.

Eneida, García López; Antonio O., Blanco Ruiz; Luis Orlando, Rodríguez García; Delis, Reyes Fundora; Jorge, Sotres Vázquez.

2004-08-01

137

Iron sulfide crystal growth: a literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Iron pyrite (FeS2) is often found on trays and in heat exchangers in Girdler-Sulfide (G.S.) plants used to extract D2O from fresh water. A critical review of the literature was made to find: (i) what is known about FeS2 crystal growth; (ii) which techniques could be used to study FeS2 crystal growth experimentally; (iii) potential chemical additives that could be used in trace amounts to poison FeS2 crystals and reduce their growth rate in G.S. plants. (author)

138

[Montessori method applied to dementia - literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

The Montessori method was initially applied to children, but now it has also been applied to people with dementia. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the research on the effectiveness of this method using Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline) with the keywords dementia and Montessori method. We selected lo studies, in which there were significant improvements in participation and constructive engagement, and reduction of negative affects and passive engagement. Nevertheless, systematic reviews about this non-pharmacological intervention in dementia rate this method as weak in terms of effectiveness. This apparent discrepancy can be explained because the Montessori method may have, in fact, a small influence on dimensions such as behavioral problems, or because there is no research about this method with high levels of control, such as the presence of several control groups or a double-blind study. PMID:23155599

Brandão, Daniela Filipa Soares; Martín, José Ignacio

2012-06-01

139

TEXTUAL SKILLS: MANIPULATION WITH NARRATOLOGICAL UNITS IN THE FUNCTION OF VARYING AND ADAPTING NARRATIVE TEXT – FOR LITERATURE TEACHING PURPOSES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a synthesis of the most important findings of theoretical research of narratological constituent units in narrative texts and their manipulation capabilities in the process of varying. The grounds for analysis are the basic binary comparison criteria “What?/How?” and “Invariant/Variant”, as aspects of narration and certain narratological parameters that ensure preservation of the identity of the primordial text on the occasion of its varying on congenial grounds. The research shows that on the occasion of specified manipulations with primordial text, it is necessary to respect core-function, as well as, proper selection of qualitative-quantitative narratological variables (catalysts, indications and informants. This is because specified narratological units in their synergic actions ensure the preservation of referent narrative structure within the limits of congeniality when it comes to the important aspects of narration: the fable (events and basic action with a possible plot, characters, personalities, the way of discourse and story network, juxtaposition and distraction of storytelling, as well as the spirit and artistic-aesthetic qualities of the primordial text. Thus, special attention is given to deliberating issues with reference to the adaptability of four basic classes of narratological units (core-function, catalysts-retardants, indications, informants in a literary text from the aspect of susceptibility to the variation of the basic referent text. When it comes to preserving the identity of the primordial text varied on congenial grounds – the most sensitive narratological unit of the content is core-function (or more of them, no matter how many there are in the narrative. Due to its importance, it is by its essence exposed as an invariant (invariable constant and, together with it, the main character/characters and the appropriate choice of crucial narratological variables. The above mentioned phenomena and aspects are of crucial practical importance, for example, to students and teachers of literature and language, who must, due to the requirements of their professions, adapt the narrative text to a specific purpose (presentation of the text during lectures, school celebrations, literary and drama extra curricular activities, etc.. For the same reasons, this topic can be interesting to students and teachers at corresponding pedagogical groups, those who study rhetoric, theory of literature and arts, teaching methodology, etc. Therefore, in addition to the essential narratological breviary with explanations of most important narration aspects and narratological invariants, this paper also brings practical, experimental examples which provide educational support when manipulating the text not only for the needs of modern curricular and extracurricular practice but also for adapting the text for the purpose of its presentation in media (for example, on the radio as a radio novel, or in in the form of a radio drama, or on the alternative scene (school, amateur groups.

?????? M. ????????

2014-01-01

140

A literature review on innovation management tools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study of a complex phenomenon such as innovation, influences and effects of which are tangible in manifold contexts, traditionally requires the integration of different levels of analysis and the interaction among distant disciplines. The enterprise appears to be the fundamental agent of economic change; in this context, innovation, by intervening in the sphere of technology, constitutes a fundamental dimension also for social change. In addition, it interacts in the circle of a complex matrix of cultural, economic and institutional factors which are the base of social and economical evolution. In this context, the research questions (RQ investigated by the authors are: “what is innovation?” [RQ 1] and “which are the main evolutions of innovation management models?” [RQ 2]. Literature on this matter has exponentially evolved in recent years. Nevertheless, innovation literature presents a large heterogeneity of results, while the innovation process concept itself is still poorly understood. In order to investigate the first research question, authors review forms and structures of innovation models developed throughout the years. At the end a discussion on the characteristics of literature evolution, through a strength-weakness analysis, is presented by the authors.

Marco Botarelli

2008-12-01

141

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's disease: literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's disease is a rare syndrome that affects tissues with melanocytes like eyes, central nervous system, skin and inner ear. It affects primarily Asians, Indians and Latin Americans and also women. Objective: To review in the literature the several aspects of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's disease focusing on its cause and also to study its otolaryngology aspects through online databases Cochrane, LILACS, MEDLINE, OMIM e SciELO. Literature Review: This exact cause remains unknown, but there are evidences of an autoimmune process against an antigenic component on the melanocyte configuring an inflammatory T-cell-mediated immune response. The HLADRB1* 0405 allele is the one that is most associated to the disease. The clinic manifestations are divided in four: prodromal, uveitic, chronic and recurrence stages. The otolaryngology's aspects occur at the uveitic stage. Hearing loss is sensorineural bilateral and quickly progressive and could be associated with tinnitus. The vestibular component is less affected with vertigo, nystagmus and abnormal vestibular reflex. The otolaryngology's manifestations do not influence the recurrences or complications and they also have great prognosis with the treatment established. The diagnosis of this syndrome is based on clinical criteria, but audiological test could help. The therapy is corticosteroid-based. Final Comments: The most important factor for prognosis is the immediately treatment. The rarity of this syndrome makes its diagnosis a challenge and the presence of deafness, tinnitus and vertigo must consider its diagnosis.

Pereira, Talita Valleska de Campos

2008-09-01

142

Fibromyalgia and temporomandibular dysfunction: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Several studies have associated temporomandibular disorders (TMD and fibromyalgia (FM finding a wide variation of results. The aim of this study was to review the literature about the relationship between TMD and FM. Literature review: For many years, TMD and FM were considered different clinical entities, but recently, some authors have reported that these two clinical situations have similarities. It is important to emphasize that both in FM and TMD pain is the main symptom, including pain in face, mandible, and headache. Besides, these pain syndromes are characterized by a decrease in pain threshold and in the capacity of attenuation of descending systems of pain modulation. The relationship of comorbidity between TMD and FM may indicate, therefore, the existence of some form of central sensitization, which is common to both diseases, sharing neurochemical events. In addition, it was found that the presence of TMD is a common finding in FM patients. Conclusion: It can be concluded that FM and TMD are distinct clinical entities, although they share common signs and symptoms, especially those related to pain. Furthermore, it was observed that the prevalence of TMD in FM patients is higher than the other way around. It is also important in the diagnosis of these two diseases the differentiation between trigger and tender points, thus avoiding false diagnoses of TMD in FM patients.

Byanka Porto Fraga

2011-01-01

143

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a complete or partial airway obstruction that can cause significant physiologic disturbance with various clinical impacts. The etiology is multifactorial and its clinical manifestations are night snoring, headache when patient wakes up, day-time sleepiness and degrease of cognitive performance. Some recent international studies suggest that the OSAS prevalence is 2-4% in men and 1-2% in women of average age. The aim of this work was presenting a literature review in Medline concerning Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. A review of the articles ranging from 1980 to 2014 has been done. Over 2000 articles were found and those which give useful information about etiology, diagnosis, therapy and found results after the study were selected and evaluated. In literature there is no unanimous opinion on the treatment of OSAS. According to the majority of the authors it should be multidisciplinary. The choice of therapy is predicated on the etiology, severity and natural history of the increased upper airway resistance. The importance of a praecox diagnosis and orthodontic therapy in order to re-establish normal function is underlined, since OSAS is linked with high risk of hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, daytime sleepiness, home and work-related accidents, with consequent worsening of life quality. PMID:25747430

Maspero, C; Giannini, L; Galbiati, G; Rosso, G; Farronato, G

2015-04-01

144

Enterprise Architecture Evaluation : A systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

By being holistically preoccupied with coherency among organizational elements such as organizational strategy, business needs and the IT functions role in supporting the business, enterprise architecture (EA) has grown to become a core competitive advantage. Though EA is a maturing research area, little has been done to understand how e.g. projects, application or other organizational elements contribute to the overall EA. The current paper presents a literature review on EA evaluation. Different types of evaluation are a necessity in order to ensure that EA demands are being met by disparate IT initiatives. Still, EA evaluation has attracted little attention within academic literature. Thus, the aim of the current review is to get an overview of the topic, which can serve as a foundation for further development of the field. Overall, the study shows that while little research has been done within this area, research is especially lacking regarding empirical studies of how EA evaluation unfolds in practice, while holistic views on EA evaluation is almost non-existing.

Andersen, Peter; Carugati, Andrea

2014-01-01

145

Atlantic ocean disposal sites: literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Concepts Development Incorporated (CDI) has reviewed the literature and summarized the environmental data base available for two possible waste disposal sites off the northeast coast of the United States. These sites include the 106-Mile Ocean Waste Disposal Site (DWD 106) located due east of Cape Henlopen, Delaware, and the Cape Hatteras Site (CHS). DWD 106 is now used for the disposal of industrial wastes. CHS was identified through a Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) program to locate regions suitable for the marine disposal of large structures, within the exclusive economic zone of the United States (200 nautical miles or less from the coast), in deep (>4000m) water. DWD 106 has been the subject of EPA and NOAA environmental studies in conjunction with industrial waste disposal at the site, and CHS has been described by Hollister, Bruce and Chandler (1979) and considered in a study of dissolved contaminant dispersal by Kupferman and Moore (1981). The prime objective of this study was to identify and review published accounts of environmental studies pertaining to DWD 106 or CHS. A secondary objective was to identify studies conducted within the general region (taken to be the NW Atlantic) so that in cases where site-specific data are unavailable one could identify the nearest available data set of a given category. Additionally, some effort was directed toward assembling references which would aid in the characterization of waste contaminated with traces of naturof waste contaminated with traces of natural radioactive material.This document presents literature search site characterization summary material; brief discussion of the result of the waste characterization review; and a listing of bibliographic references identified to date

146

Narratives as an educational tool : a review of 'A Scientific Romance'  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper examined how the use of narratives can be used as a tool for educating the public on climate change with particular reference to Ronald Wright's 1997 novel entitled A Scientific Romance. The novel develops climate change as a central theme in the development plot and has received excellent reviews from literary critics in Canada, Great Britain and the United States. This paper reviewed the novel using criteria from both cognitive psychology and climatology. Cognitive theory claims that human beings think, perceive, understand and make choices according to narrative structures. This evaluation compared Wright's depiction of future climate change with scientific projections. Wright provides great detail regarding climatic conditions of the Great London-Thames Estuary region of Southern England in the years 2500-2501. The climatic variables used in the evaluation consist of surface temperature, sea level rise, precipitation and wind speed. This evaluation determined that Wright's narrative depiction of London's future climate is much more extreme than what scientists project. It was concluded that Wright's tightly woven narrative takes an abstract issue and successfully transforms it into something interesting and provides a detailed depiction of a plausible future climate and its implications for society. However, two minor weaknesses were found to exist. First, there is little reference to the major cause of climate change, and secondly, the climate scenario depicted in the novel is more consistent with the runaway greenhouse theory than with scientists' projections. It was cautioned that narratives must be used carefully and responsibly otherwise, the magnitude of portrayed changes may create a sense of disbelief or helplessness on the part of the public. 27 refs., 1 tab.

Hughes, J.; Andrey, J. [Waterloo Univ., ON (Canada). Dept. of Geography

2000-06-01

147

Coherence of Personal Narratives across the Lifespan: A Multidimensional Model and Coding Method  

OpenAIRE

Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model integrates context, chronology, and theme as essential dimensions of personal narrative coherence, each of which relies upon different developmental achieve...

Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A.

2011-01-01

148

The experience of living with chronic heart failure: a narrative review of qualitative studies  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the leading cause of all hospitalisations and readmissions in older people, accounting for a large proportion of developed countries' national health care expenditure. CHF can severely affect people's quality of life by reducing their independence and ability to undertake certain activities of daily living, as well as affecting their psychosocial and economic capacity. This paper reports the findings of a systematic narrative review of qualit...

Jowsey Tanisha; Kraus Stefan G; Jeon Yun-Hee; Glasgow Nicholas J

2010-01-01

149

Fascia—Current knowledge and future directions in physiatry: Narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fascia can be considered part of the connective tissues that permeate the human body. However, in medical training, its definition is not clear, and even among specialists, its role is not completely understood. Physiatrists have a unique opportunity to add to the growing scientific and clinical knowledge about fascia, particularly about how this connective tissue network may apply clinically to musculoskeletal disorders. In this narrative review, the structure and function of fascia are discussed from the perspective of physiatry.

Evan H. Kwong, BSc, MD, MSc

2014-10-01

150

Probing Compulsive and Impulsive Behaviors, from Animal Models to Endophenotypes: A Narrative Review  

OpenAIRE

Failures in cortical control of fronto-striatal neural circuits may underpin impulsive and compulsive acts. In this narrative review, we explore these behaviors from the perspective of neural processes and consider how these behaviors and neural processes contribute to mental disorders such as obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, and impulse-control disorders such as trichotillomania and pathological gambling. We present findings from a broad ran...

Fineberg, Naomi A.; Potenza, Marc N.; Chamberlain, Samuel R.; Berlin, Heather A.; Menzies, Lara; Bechara, Antoine; Sahakian, Barbara J.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Bullmore, Edward T.; Hollander, Eric

2009-01-01

151

Metabisulfite sensitivity: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sulfiting agents have recently been identified as food and drug additives responsible for adverse reactions. These reactions are not rare and may result in life-threatening asthma and anaphylaxis. We report a 34-year-old female with intractable asthma and urticaria. Sensitivity to sulfites was suspected based on exacerbation after restaurant meals and metaproterenol 5% inhalant solution. Bronchial provocation challenge resulted in a 28% decrease in FEV1 and a 34% decrease in FEF25-75 at the 0.01 mg/ml dose. Thirty-two cases of sulfite sensitivity reported in the literature are reviewed. Foods and drugs containing sulfites are listed. The pathogenic mechanism is unknown. The FDA allows the addition of sulfites to foods and drugs without disclosure. Only recently has this potential hazard been recognized. The FDA is considering a labeling requirement on drugs that do contain sulfites. PMID:2578754

Jamieson, D M; Guill, M F; Wray, B B; May, J R

1985-02-01

152

Integrated literature review of postdischarge telephone calls.  

Science.gov (United States)

This systematic review of the literature assessed the impact of a postdischarge telephone call on patient outcomes. Nineteen articles met inclusion criteria. Data were extracted and an evidence table was developed. The content, timing, and professional placing the call varied across studies. Study strength was low and findings were inconsistent. Measures varied across studies, many sample sizes were small, and studies differed by patient population. Evidence is inconclusive for use of phone calls to decrease readmission, emergency department use, patient satisfaction, scheduled and unscheduled follow-up, and physical and emotional well-being. Among these studies, there was limited support for medication-focused calls by pharmacists but no support for decreasing readmission. Health care providers benefited from feedback but did not need to place the call to realize this benefit. Inpatient nurses were unable to manage the volume of calls. There was no standardized approach to the call, training, or documentation requirements. PMID:23833254

Bahr, Sarah J; Solverson, Susan; Schlidt, Andrea; Hack, Deborah; Smith, Jeri Lynn; Ryan, Polly

2014-01-01

153

Automation literature: A brief review and analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Current thought and research positions which may allow for an improved capability to understand the impact of introducing automation to an existing system are established. The orientation was toward the type of studies which may provide some general insight into automation; specifically, the impact of automation in human performance and the resulting system performance. While an extensive number of articles were reviewed, only those that addressed the issue of automation and human performance were selected to be discussed. The literature is organized along two dimensions: time, Pre-1970, Post-1970; and type of approach, Engineering or Behavioral Science. The conclusions reached are not definitive, but do provide the initial stepping stones in an attempt to begin to bridge the concept of automation in a systematic progression.

Smith, D.; Dieterly, D. L.

1980-01-01

154

Granulomatous scleromyxedema: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

: Scleromyxedema is a rare and frequently disabling disease characterized by generalized waxy papules, skin induration, and cardinal histological features of dermal fibroblastic proliferation, thickened collagen, and mucin deposition. A monoclonal gammopathy is almost always present with rare progression to multiple myeloma. We describe the case of a 54-year-old man who presented with a rash in the setting of a new medication and histological features suggesting a granulomatous drug reaction. Despite discontinuation of the medication, the rash persisted and a second biopsy confirmed an interstitial granulomatous pattern. Serum protein electrophoresis identified the presence of a biclonal gammopathy leading to a diagnosis of granulomatous scleromyxedema. Review of the medical literature reveals only a handful of well-documented similar cases of this rare variant. It is important for pathologists and clinicians to be familiar with this condition to facilitate timely diagnosis and optimal clinical management of these patients. PMID:24247576

Shlyankevich, Julia; Stetsenko, Galina Y; George, Evan; Lantz, Dan M; Burwick, Nicholas R; Vary, Jay C

2015-03-01

155

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY CHILDREN: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: to know the scientific literature on head injury in children. Method: this study is an integrative review of published articles in the database SciELO the period 2000-2010. Results: 10 articles were analyzed, from which emerged four categories: causes of traumatic brain child infant prognosis of traumatic brain child, treating children victims of child head injury and complications of therapy used for child victims of traumatic brain injury in children. Conclusions: there is consensus among the authors investigated the factors associated with better prognosis of traumatic brain child, remain vague and uncertain. They add that the success of this customer service related to the control of complications arising from cerebral trauma and mostly are treatable and / or preventable.

Denismar Borges de Miranda

2013-09-01

156

Sexual Function Following Burn Injuries: Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sexual function is a profound facet of the human personality. Burns due their sudden and devastating nature can have longstanding effects on intimate function by virtue of physical sequelae as well as alterations in body image and perceived desirability. A considerable number of patients encounter problems with intimate function in burns rehabilitation; nevertheless, the topic appears to be poorly addressed in specialist centers worldwide. Review of the literature suggests that a number of parameters can affect the quality of sexual life following burn injuries including age at the time of injury, location, and severity of the burn as well as coping mechanisms employed by the individual survivor. Addressing issues of intimacy relies on awareness, education, and a holistic approach on behalf of the multidisciplinary team members and, to this effect, recommendations are made on managing sexual function concerns in burns rehabilitation. PMID:25423439

Pandya, Atisha A; Corkill, Helen A; Goutos, Ioannis

2014-11-24

157

[Advancements in dental preparation technique (literature review)].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper has reviewed the literature on the methods of cavity preparation. The different methods are summarised in Table 1. Nowadays rotary instruments are accepted as standard for cavity preparation. The limitation of using a rotary instrument is the iatrogenic damage to adjacent teeth. Therefore some of the hand instruments remained an essential part of quality restorative dentistry. In order to reduce iatrogenic injury oscillating instruments had been developed. The oscillating instruments change the rotary movement into an oscillating movement and copy the shape of the working tip through an abrasive medium to the tooth surface. The abrasive medium is generally diamond. A new possibility in tooth preparation is the Er:YAG laser. It can be used for both cavity preparation and caries removal. The chemo-mechanical caries removal means the selective chemical softening is followed by the mechanical removing of carious dentin. PMID:12141194

Nemes, Júlia; Csillag, Mária; Fazekas, Arpád

2002-06-01

158

Software ecosystems – a systematic literature review.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A software ecosystem is the interaction of a set of actors on top of a common technological platform that results in a number of software solutions or services. Arguably, software ecosystems are gaining importance with the advent of, e.g., the Google Android, Apache, and Salesforce.com ecosystems. However, there exists no systematic overview of the research done on software ecosystems from a software engineering perspective. We performed a systematic literature review of software ecosystem research, analyzing 90 papers on the subject taken from a gross collection of 420. Our main conclusions are that while research on software ecosystems is increasing (a) there is little consensus on what constitutes a software ecosystem, (b) few analytical models of software ecosystems exist, and (c) little research is done in the context of real-world ecosystems. This work provides an overview of the field, while identifying areas for future research.

Manikas, Konstantinos; Hansen, Klaus Marius

2013-01-01

159

Recovery of Navy distillate fuel from reclaimed product. Volume II. Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In an effort to assist the Navy to better utilize its waste hydrocarbons, NIPER, with support from the US Department of Energy, is conducting research designed to ultimately develop a practical technique for converting Reclaimed Product (RP) into specification Naval Distillate Fuel (F-76). This first phase of the project was focused on reviewing the literature and available information from equipment manufacturers. The literature survey has been carefully culled for methodology applicable to the conversion of RP into diesel fuel suitable for Navy use. Based upon the results of this study, a second phase has been developed and outlined in which experiments will be performed to determine the most practical recycling technologies. It is realized that the final selection of one particular technology may be site-specific due to vast differences in RP volume and available facilities. A final phase, if funded, would involve full-scale testing of one of the recommended techniques at a refueling depot. The Phase I investigations are published in two volumes. Volume 1, Technical Discussion, includes the narrative and Appendices I and II. Appendix III, a detailed Literature Review, includes both a narrative portion and an annotated bibliography containing about 800 references and abstracts. This appendix, because of its volume, has been published separately as Volume 2.

Brinkman, D.W.; Whisman, M.L.

1984-11-01

160

Bibliographic Instruction in Psychology: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses bibliographic instruction in the field of psychology and reviews library science literature, psychological literature, and electronic teaching resources. Highlights include reviews of library science and psychological journals, books, literature guides, bibliographies, databases, CD-ROMs, and Internet resources. A reference list at the…

Sutton, Ellen D.; And Others

1995-01-01

161

Prediction Markets : A literature review 2014  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In recent years, Prediction Markets gained growing interest as a forecasting tool among researchers as well as practitioners, which resulted in an increasing number of publications. In order to track the latest development of research, comprising the extent and focus of research, this article provides a comprehensive review and classification of the literature related to the topic of Prediction Markets. Overall, 316 relevant articles, published in the timeframe from 2007 through 2013, were identified and assigned to a herein presented classification scheme, differentiating between descriptive works, articles of theoretical nature, application-oriented studies and articles dealing with the topic of law and policy. The analysis of the research results reveals that more than half of the literature pool deals with the application and actual function tests of Prediction Markets. The results are further compared to two previous works published by Zhao, Wagner and Chen (2008) and Tziralis and Tatsiopoulos (2007a). The article concludes with an extended bibliography section and may therefore serve as a guidance and basis for further research.

Horn, Christian; Ohneberg, Michael

2014-01-01

162

Wipe sampling - review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Methods for characterization of solid, non-compactable radioactive wastes contaminated in the surface are developed aiming at estimating the waste radioisotopic inventory for regulatory compliance and operational purposes. The wastes of interest here are mainly composed of plastic, metallic, or other materials parts originated in the decommissioning and maintenance operations of nuclear facilities. One way of measuring surface contamination is the indirect method of wiping the contaminated surface and counting the wipe, a common method of detecting non-fixed contamination in the radiation protection routine. The wipe sampling is an important tool in controlling the quality of the workplace in nuclear and radioactive facilities. Although radioprotection regulations establish quantitative limits, the practice in the radiation protection routine is to use wipe sampling as a qualitative measurement. To product useful quantitative results for inventorying radioactive wastes, a quantitative approach must be adopted. A previous paper presented by the authors in the last INAC Conference discussed alternative wipe materials and protocols. The method of wipe sampling underwent small changes since it started to be used but still is the object of study, as it is attested by many recent papers and patents on the subject. This article consists of a literature review. Results of a survey in the literature about wipe sampling techniques that can be applied to waste characterization are presented. (author)

163

Wipe sampling - review of the literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Methods for characterization of solid, non-compactable radioactive wastes contaminated in the surface are developed aiming at estimating the waste radioisotopic inventory for regulatory compliance and operational purposes. The wastes of interest here are mainly composed of plastic, metallic, or other materials parts originated in the decommissioning and maintenance operations of nuclear facilities. One way of measuring surface contamination is the indirect method of wiping the contaminated surface and counting the wipe, a common method of detecting non-fixed contamination in the radiation protection routine. The wipe sampling is an important tool in controlling the quality of the workplace in nuclear and radioactive facilities. Although radioprotection regulations establish quantitative limits, the practice in the radiation protection routine is to use wipe sampling as a qualitative measurement. To product useful quantitative results for inventorying radioactive wastes, a quantitative approach must be adopted. A previous paper presented by the authors in the last INAC Conference discussed alternative wipe materials and protocols. The method of wipe sampling underwent small changes since it started to be used but still is the object of study, as it is attested by many recent papers and patents on the subject. This article consists of a literature review. Results of a survey in the literature about wipe sampling techniques that can be applied to waste characterization are presented. (author)

Souza, Daiane Cristini Barbosa de; Vicente, Roberto, E-mail: dcsouza@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-07-01

164

Radiation-induced morphea - a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Radiation-induced morphea (RIM) is a rare and under-recognized skin complication of radiotherapy. It is commonly wrongly diagnosed as other dermatological conditions or malignancy because of similar clinical characteristics. This literature review analyses 66 cases that have been reported in the literature since 1989. The clinical appearance often includes pain and disfiguration of affected area, which may influence the patient's quality of life. There is no clear connection between the radiotherapy dose, the fractionation scheme, the use of a boost, age, the presence of other dermatological conditions or other connective tissue diseases and the occurrence of RIM. Its pathogenesis is still unclear, but several theories are proposed to explain this phenomenon. The available data suggest that the abnormally high secretion of some cytokines (interleukin 4, interleukin 5, transforming growth factor) induced by radiation causes an extensive fibrosis after an activation of fibroblasts. Histological confirmation is crucial in distinguishing RIM from similar-looking diseases, such as chronic radiation dermatitis, cancer recurrence, radiation, recall dermatitis, new carcinoma or cellulitis. There is no clear treatment regimen for this condition. Clinical outcome after therapy is often unsatisfactory. The commonly used methods and agents include: topical and systemic steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, systemic immunosuppressants including methotrexate, tacrolimus, heparin, hyaluronidase, phototherapy (UVA, UVA1, UVB, PUVA), systemic antibiotics, imiquimod, mycophenolate mofetil, photophoresis. The differential diagnosis is challenging and requires a multidisciplinary approach to avoid misdiagnosis and to plan appropriate treatment. PMID:25174551

Spalek, M; Jonska-Gmyrek, J; Ga?ecki, J

2015-02-01

165

Acknowledging the back patient : A thematic synthesis of Qualitative research. A systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

#296 Acknowledging The Back Patient. A Thematic Synthesis Of Qualitative Research. A Systematic Literature Review. Janne Brammer Damsgaard1, Lene Bastrup Jørgensen1, Annelise Norlyk2, Regner Birkelund3 1. Health, Section for Nursing, Aarhus University & Research Unit, Elective Surgery Centre, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Regional Hospital Central Jutland, Silkeborg, Denmark 2. Health, Section for Nursing, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark 3. University of Southern Denmark & Vejle Sygehus, Vejle, Denmark keywords:Back Patient, Narrative, Biomedical, Marginalisation, Self-Identity, Ethical Responsibility, Acknowledgement Introduction: Back conditions and back pain rank among the most common causes of reduced working capacity and lengthy, challenging and costly illness trajectories. According to international research, back conditions rank among the costliest conditions worldwide. A thorough review of the literature in the field has further revealed that back conditions are associated with heavy personal costs. It is therefore of utmost importance that these conditions are dealt with as efficiently and effectively as possible as failure to do so can have severe implications for society as a whole. In order to gain a better idea of the most ideal treatment process, it is important to first investigate what it feels like to be a back patient and what patients consider important when dealing with the healthcare system. It is the aim of this qualitative literature review based on thematic synthesis to shed more light on these two particular areas. Objectives: The objective of this literature review is to get a deeper understanding of the illness trajectory for back patients. Thus, the literature review therefore seeks to locate, systematise and synthesize findings derived from qualitative research in order to visualise barriers or implications for intervention development. Methods: The method draws on James Thomas' and Angela Hardens article "Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews". The thematic synthesis aims to systematise and integrate findings of qualitative studies. The synthesis takes form of three stages which overlaps to some degree: the free "line by line coding" of the findings of primary studies; the organzation of these "free codes" into related areas to construct "descriptive themes" and the development of "analytical themes". The integrations are more than the sum of parts, in that they offer novel interpretations and findings. These interpretations will not be found in any one research report but, rather, are inferences derived from taking all the reports in a sample as a whole. Results: The thematic analysis reveals that many back patients feel that their experiences and perceptions are ignored by the health professionals, who are often concerned about identifying the cause. This can result in patients feeling mistrusted, marginalized and reluctant to speak out. It is through telling other people about our experiences that we create an awareness of ourselves. Therefore, telling about experiences and perceptions is important for back patients in order to feel accepted and acknowledged. But selfhood cannot be reduced to narrative identity since the identity of the self is only fully revealed the moment we include the ethical dimension including certain norms and binding. Thus, in order to acknowledge the back patient, it is important for the health professionals to be somebody the back patients can count on. The health professionals must incorporate the patients' narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment. Conclusions: In order to acknowledge the back patient the narrative must be complemented by a different perspective that includes the issue of ethical responsibility. It is therefore also a question of adopting certain norms as binding; to be bound by obligation or loyalty. Thus, the literature review argue for a more process-oriented patient approach that incorporates patients' narratives as an integral part of the care and treatment.

Damsgaard, Janne Brammer; Bastrup, Lene

166

The social and psychological impact of endometriosis on women's lives: a critical narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND Endometriosis is a chronic condition affecting between 2 and 17% of women of reproductive age. Common symptoms are chronic pelvic pain, fatigue, congestive dysmenorrhoea, heavy menstrual bleeding and deep dyspareunia. Studies have demonstrated the considerable negative impact of this condition on women's quality of life (QoL), especially in the domains of pain and psychosocial functioning. The impact of endometriosis is likely to be exacerbated by the absence of an obvious cause and the likelihood of chronic, recurring symptoms. The aims of this paper are to review the current body of knowledge on the social and psychological impact of endometriosis on women's lives; to provide insights into women's experience of endometriosis; to provide a critical commentary on the current state of knowledge and to make recommendations for future psycho-social research. METHODS The review draws on a method of critical narrative synthesis to discuss a heterogeneous range of both quantitative and qualitative studies from several disciplines. This included a systematic search, a structured process for selecting and collecting data and a systematic thematic analysis of results. RESULTS A total of 42 papers were included in the review; 23 used quantitative methods, 16 used qualitative methods and 3 were mixed methods studies. The majority of papers came from just four countries: UK (10), Australia (8), Brazil (6) and the USA (5). Key categories of impact identified in the thematic analysis were diagnostic delay and uncertainty; 'QoL' and everyday activities; intimate relationships; planning for and having children; education and work; mental health and emotional wellbeing and medical management and self-management. CONCLUSIONS Endometriosis has a significant social and psychological impact on the lives of women across several domains. Many studies have methodological limitations and there are significant gaps in the literature especially in relation to a consideration of the impact on partners and children. We recommend additional prospective and longitudinal research utilizing mixed methods approaches and endometriosis-specific instruments to explore the impact of endometriosis in more diverse populations and settings. Furthermore, there is an urgent need to develop and evaluate interventions for supporting women and partners living with this chronic and often debilitating condition. PMID:23884896

Culley, Lorraine; Law, Caroline; Hudson, Nicky; Denny, Elaine; Mitchell, Helene; Baumgarten, Miriam; Raine-Fenning, Nick

2013-01-01

167

Narrative Review: Evolving Concepts in Potassium Homeostasis and Hypokalemia  

Science.gov (United States)

Physiology in Medicine review article. Fluctuations of potassium would abruptly alter plasma potassium concentration if not for rapid mechanisms. This articles describes insights into the participation of feedback and feedforward control mechanisms in potassium homeostasis. Given the clinical importance of dyskalemias in patients, these novel experimental paradigms invite renewed clinical inquiry into this important area.

Megan Greenlee (University of Florida College of Medicine)

2009-06-01

168

Patients' experiences and reported barriers to colonoscopy in the screening context-A systematic review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Objective: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to characterise patients' own experience of colonoscopy in the screening context. Methods: A search strategy was applied in MEDLINE, EMBASE and PSYCHinfo (1996-2009). Thematic analysis and narrative summary techniques were used. Results: Fifty-six studies met eligibility criteria and were included in the analysis. Seven studies examined patients' views after having colonoscopy. Forty-seven studies addressed patient-reported barrie...

Mclachlan, Sa; Clements, A.; Austoker, J.

2012-01-01

169

Functional outcomes associated with expiratory muscle strength training: Narrative review  

OpenAIRE

This review presents the available evidence for the effects of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) with the use of a pressure threshold device. The investigators used computerized database searches for studies reporting the outcomes of pressure threshold EMST published after 1994. A total of 24 selected articles presented outcomes related but not limited to respiratory function, such as speech, swallow, voice, and cough function in persons with neurologic conditions such as Parkinson d...

Helena Laciuga, Ma; John C Rosenbek, Phd; Paul W Davenport, Phd; Christine M Sapienza, Phd

2014-01-01

170

Homeopathy and cancer: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The World Health Organization states that deaths from cancer are increasing reaching an estimated 12 million deaths by 2030 [1]. In Brazil will be about 480,000 new cases by the end of 2011 [2]. For the treatment of cancer conventional therapies are used, such as chemotherapy[3] and radiotherapy [4] which can cause many adverse reactions. Complementary therapies such as homeopathy can be combined to traditional cancer treatment with the aim of minimizing these adverse reactions, relieving the symptoms of the disease itself and its treatment. Other complementary therapies which can aid in cancer treatment are electrotherapy, acupuncture and electroacupuncture, nutritional supplements, probiotics, phytotherapy, among others[5]. The literature shows the homeopathic medicines can be prescribed using the patient’s physical constitution as one strategy to help cancer patients [6-11]. This work aims to compile the literature review done with in vitro and in vivo models describing the mechanisms of action of homeopathic medicines used to treat different kinds of cancer. The research findings showed that homeopathy can help the patient to come to terms with the disease, after cancer diagnosis which often brings with itself denial, fear and a host of psychological disorders that cause an unbalance in the body. In addition, some works done with in vitro and in vivo models have shown that homeopathic medicines can modulate the immune system, activating macrophages and inducing the release of cytokines. These and other effects may help the body to overcome the cancer. The use of homeopathic therapy as complementary to conventional cancer treatment has promising results and should be further investigated.

Carla Holandino

2011-09-01

171

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION: LITERATURE REVIEW AND TIME EVOLUTION.  

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Full Text Available Performance evaluation of an economic entity requires approaching several criteria, such as industry and economic entity type, managerial and entrepreneurial strategy, competitive environment, human and material resources available, using a system of appropriate performance indicators for this purpose.The exigencies of communication occurred on the growing number of phenomena that marked the global economy in recent decades (internationalization and relocation of business crises and turmoil in financial markets, demand performance measurement to be made in a comprehensive way by financial and non-financial criteria. Indicators are measures of performance used by management to measure, report and improve performance of the economic entity. The relationship between indicators and management is ensured by the existence of performance measurement systems. Studies to date indicate that economic entities using balanced performance measurement systems as a key management tool registered superior performance compared to entities not using such systems. This study attempts to address the issue of performance evaluation by presenting opinions of different authors concerning the process of performance measurement and to present, after revising the literature, the evolution of the performance evaluation systems. We tried to do this literature review because sustainable development and, therefore, globalization require new standards of performance that exceeds the economic field, both for domestic companies as well as international ones. So, these standards should be integrated into corporate strategy development to ensure sustainability of activities undertaken by harmonizing the economic, social and environmental objectives. To assess the performance of economic entities it is required that performance evaluation to be done with a balanced multidimensional system, including both financial ratios and non-financial indicators in order to reduce the limits of the two categories of indicators. Performance measurement and management can’t be separated; performance management is a philosophy that is supported by performance measurement. Performance management precedes performance measurement and creates the context for performance measurement.

Pintea Mirela-Oana

2012-07-01

172

Artificial tears potpourri: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Majid Moshirfar,1 Kasey Pierson,2,* Kamalani Hanamaikai,3,* Luis Santiago-Caban,1 Valliammai Muthappan,1 Samuel F Passi11Department of Ophthalmology, John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 2University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, USA; 3A T Still University, School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona, Mesa, AZ, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Numerous brands and types of artificial tears are available on the market for the treatment of dysfunctional tear syndrome. Past literature has focused on comparing the components of these products on patient’s clinical improvement. The wide array of products on the market presents challenges to both clinicians and patients when trying to choose between available tear replacement therapies. Different formulations affect patients based on etiology and severity of disease. In order to provide an unbiased comparison between available tear replacement therapies, we conducted a literature review of existing studies and National Institutes of Health clinical trials on commercially available, brand name artificial tears. Outcomes evaluated in each study, as well as the percent of patients showing clinical and symptomatic improvement, were analyzed. Fifty-one studies evaluating different brands of artificial tears, and their efficacy were identified. Out of the 51 studies, 18 were comparison studies testing brand name artificial tears directly against each other. Nearly all formulations of artificial tears provided significant benefit to patients with dysfunctional tear syndrome, but some proved superior to others. From the study data, a recommended treatment flowchart was derived. Keywords: dry eye, tear film, dysfunctional tear syndrome, ophthalmic lubricant, artificial tears, lipid layer, tear osmolarity, TBUT, Systane®, Refresh®, Blink®, GenTeal®, Soothe®, Lacrisert®, ocular surface inflammatory disease, Sjogren’s Syndrome, HPMC, CMC, polyvinyl alcohol, liquid polyols

Moshirfar M

2014-07-01

173

[Environmental virology and sanitation in Brazil: a narrative review].  

Science.gov (United States)

Sanitation services play a critical role in controlling transmission of numerous waterborne pathogens, especially viruses that cause acute gastroenteritis and hepatitis. The viral agents with the greatest public health impact are hepatitis A virus, rotaviruses and noroviruses, adenoviruses, and enteroviruses, contaminating many Brazilian aquatic ecosystems. Heavy circulation of viruses in the environment has been related to inadequate local sanitary conditions, including incomplete coverage of services or inefficacy of conventional technologies in eliminating or reducing the viral load in water or sewage. This study reviews the relations between virology, health, and sanitation, emphasizing the epidemiology of waterborne viral infections and their public health impact. PMID:25166934

Prado, Tatiana; Miagostovich, Marize Pereira

2014-07-01

174

Functional outcomes associated with expiratory muscle strength training: narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review presents the available evidence for the effects of expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) with the use of a pressure threshold device. The investigators used computerized database searches for studies reporting the outcomes of pressure threshold EMST published after 1994. A total of 24 selected articles presented outcomes related but not limited to respiratory function, such as speech, swallow, voice, and cough function in persons with neurologic conditions such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and Lance-Adams syndrome; in persons with respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and in healthy young adults and sedentary and active elderly. Several studies demonstrated promising outcomes of EMST as a non-task-specific training for airway protection in persons with dysphagia secondary to neuromuscular impairments; however, further research is needed to confirm and generalize the reported findings. PMID:25144167

Laciuga, Helena; Rosenbek, John C; Davenport, Paul W; Sapienza, Christine M

2014-01-01

175

Cesium and Strontium Separation Technologies Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Integral to the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Program’s proposed closed nuclear fuel cycle, the fission products cesium and strontium in the dissolved spent nuclear fuel stream are to be separated and managed separately. A comprehensive literature survey is presented to identify cesium and strontium separation technologies that have the highest potential and to focus research and development efforts on these technologies. Removal of these high-heat-emitting fission products reduces the radiation fields in subsequent fuel cycle reprocessing streams and provides a significant short-term (100 yr) heat source reduction in the repository. This, along with separation of actinides, may provide a substantial future improvement in the amount of fuel that could be stored in a geologic repository. The survey and review of the candidate cesium and strontium separation technologies are presented herein. Because the AFCI program intends to manage cesium and strontium together, technologies that simultaneously separate both elements are of the greatest interest, relative to technologies that separate only one of the two elements.

T. A. Todd; T. A. Todd; J. D. Law; R. S. Herbst

2004-03-01

176

Idaho radionuclide exposure study: Literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Phosphate ores contain elevated levels of natural radioactivity, some of which is released to the environment during processing or use of solid byproducts. The effect of radionuclides from Idaho phosphate processing operations on the local communities has been the subject of much research and study. The literature is reviewed in this report. Two primary radionuclide pathways to the environment have been studied in detail: (1) airborne release of volatile radionuclides, primarily /sup 210/Po, from calciner stacks at the two elemental phosphorus plants; and (2) use of byproduct slag as an aggregate for construction in Soda Springs and Pocatello. Despite the research, there is still no clear understanding of the population dose from radionuclide emissions, effluents, and solid wastes from phosphate processing plants. Two other potential radionuclide pathways to the environment have been identified: radon exhalation from phosphogypsum and ore piles and contamination of surface and ground waters. Recommendations on further study needed to develop a data base for a complete risk assssment are given in the report.

Baker, E.G.; Freeman, H.D.; Hartley, J.N.

1987-10-01

177

Microbial-influenced cement degradation: Literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission stipulates that disposed low-level radioactive waste (LLW) be stabilized. Because of apparent ease of use and normal structural integrity, cement has been widely used as a binder to solidify LLW. However, the resulting waste forms are sometimes susceptible to failure due to the actions of waste constituents, stress, and environment. This report reviews literature which addresses the effect of microbiologically influenced chemical attack on cement-solidified LLW. Groups of microorganisms are identified, which are capable of metabolically converting organic and inorganic substrates into organic and mineral acids. Such acids aggressively react with concrete and can ultimately lead to structural failure. Mechanisms inherent in microbial-influenced degradation of cement-based material are the focus of this report. This report provides sufficient evidence of the potential for microbial-influenced deterioration of cement-solidified LLW to justify the enumeration of the conditions necessary to support the microbiological growth and population expansion, as well as the development of appropriate tests necessary to determine the resistance of cement-solidified LLW to microbiological-induced degradation that could impact the stability of the waste form

178

Neurobrucellosis: three case reports and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Brucellosis is a multisystem disease which may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon complication of this infection. This article aims to present clinical manifestations and to discuss the clinical features and management of 3 neurobrucellosis cases. Methods The diagnosis, treatment, laboratory results and accessory examination findings of 3 patients with neurobrucellosis between August 2010 and March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results All the 3 cases had definite history of exposure to epidemic areas or infectious diseases, and history of being infected with Brucella by drinking raw milk. During the screening because of fever for reasons unknown, they were proved to be infected with Brucella by etiological or serological tests. Initial clinical manifestations consisted of fever and headache, with meningitis symptoms and signs, spondylitis, uroschesis and constipation (which might be caused by lumbosacral nerve root lesion, or neurological manifestations in auditory nerve and abducent nerve, such as hearing loss and diplopia. All patients were treated with rifampicin, doxycycline plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or ceftriaxone. Conclusion Neurobrucellosis presents with various clinical signs and symptoms, and is often accompanied by systemic infection. Brucellosis should be kept in mind during the screening of fever for reasons unknown, and be differentiated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The combined treatment by antibotics of different pharmacological mechanisms with full dose and long range is effective, and the prognosis is favorable.

WANG Jia-wei

2013-01-01

179

Evidence-based management: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a review of evidence-based management (EBM), exploring whether management activities within healthcare have been, or can be, subject to the same scientific framework as clinical practice. The evidence-based approach was initially examined, noting the hierarchy of evidence ranging from randomized control trials to clinical anecdote. The literature varied in its degree of criticism of this approach; the most common concern referring to the assumed superiority of positivism. However, evidence-based practice was generally accepted as the best way forward. Stewart (1998) offered the only detailed exposition of EBM, outlining a necessary 'attitude of mind' both for EBM and for the creation of a research culture. However, the term 'clinical effectiveness' emerged as a possible replacement buzz-word for EBM (McClarey 1998). The term appears to encompass the sentiments of the evidence-based approach, but with a concomitant concern for economic factors. In this paper the author has examined the divide between those who viewed EBM as an activity for managers to make their own practice accountable and those who believed it to be a facilitative practice to help clinicians with evidence-based practice. Most papers acknowledged the limited research base for management activities within the health service and offered some explanation such as government policy constraints and lack of time. Nevertheless, the overall emphasis is that ideally there should be a management culture firmly based in evidence. PMID:11982781

Young, Sam K

2002-05-01

180

[Lactation after breast plastic surgery: literature review].  

Science.gov (United States)

The occurrence of lactation is a rare complication of breast plastic surgery. During the course of his practice, the plastic surgeon will probably encounter this complication. The goal of this article is to carry out a literature review of all published galactorrhea and/or galactocele cases following a breast-reduction or a breast-augmentation, representing a total of 34 cases reported in 21 articles. The physiopathology of this complication is linked to an inappropriate secretion of prolactin in a surgical context. The factors favoring this complication would be the number of pregnancies, a history of recent and extensive nursing, and the intake of certain medicines such as an oestro-progestative pill. The main symptom of this complication is the occurrence of a uni- or bilateral galactorrhea, on average 12.6 days after the surgery. The main differential diagnosis is a postoperative infection. The explorations presented a hyperprolactinemia in 69% of cases. No biological inflammatory syndrome was reported. A fluid collection evoking a galactocele was visible on the ultrasound in 65% of cases. One case of prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma was reported. Depending on the case, the treatment varied from a simple surveillance to the association of a dopamine agonist, an antibiotic therapy, and a surgical revision. A diagnostic and therapeutic management strategy is proposed. PMID:25147123

Bouhassira, J; Haddad, K; Burin des Roziers, B; Achouche, J; Cartier, S

2015-02-01

181

Pedophilia – a review of literature, casuistics, doubts  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is presentation of several basic issues related to the phenomenon of child sexual molesters and recognition of pedophilia as a significant social problem. The article, supplemented by casuistic illustration showing adolescents with sexual behavior disorders is giving rise to the following question: do they progress in their inappropriate behaviors to grow into adult molesters or do they stop anywhere along the way of their development? Casuistry, in the intention of the authors, is the background for discussion about prevention of child sexual abuse. This article presents also a review of the current knowledge about child sexual molesters. The topics include: the definition of pedophilia itself, which varies in the literature depending on the types of activities, kinds of victims and the circumstances in which the perpetrator acts, through to the recognition of symptoms of pedophilia as well as its consequences. It includes both intra-familial and extra-familial child sexual abuse and their offenders. The more, that the history of child sexual abuse is associated with numerous long-term physical, psychological, behavioral, interpersonal and social effects on the victim. The examinations made among pedophilic molesters have shown structural and functional temporal-limbic abnormalities, including abnormalities in the amygdala and it is possible that the pedophilic inclinations are secondary to neurodevelopmental perturbations and other neuropsychiatric syndromes.

?ucka, Izabela

2014-02-01

182

Naringenin and atherosclerosis: a review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disease mainly caused by deposition of low-density lipoprotein (LD) cholesterol in macrophages of arterial walls. Atherosclerosis leads to heart attacks as well as stroke. Epidemiological studies showed that there is an inverse correlation between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of atherosclerosis. The promising effect of high vegetable and fruit containing diet on atherosclerosis is approved by several experimental studies on isolated phytochemicals such as flavonoids. Flavonoids are known to up-regulate endogenous antioxidant system, suppress oxidative and nitrosative stress, decrease macrophage oxidative stress through cellular oxygenase inhibition as well as interaction with several signal transduction pathways and from these ways, have therapeutic effects against atherosclerosis. Naringenin is a well known flavonoid belonging to the chemical class of flavanones. It is especially abundant in citrus fruits, especially grapefruits. A plethora of evidences ascribes to naringenin antiatherosclerotic effects. Naringenin abilities to decrease LDL and triglycerides as well as inhibit glucose uptake; increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL); co-oxidation of NADH; suppress protein oxidation; protect against intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1); suppress macrophage inflammation; inhibit leukotriene B4, monocyte adhesion and foam cell formation; induce of HO-1 and G 0/G 1 cell cycle arrest in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and down regulate atherosclerosis related genes are believed to have crucial role in the promising role against atherosclerosis. In the present review, we have summarized the available literature data on the anti-atherosclerotic effects of naringenin and its possible mechanisms of action. PMID:25483717

Orhan, Ilkay E; Nabavi, Seyed F; Daglia, Maria; Tenore, Gian C; Mansouri, Kowsar; Nabavi, Seyed M

2015-01-01

183

Retroperitoneal fibrosis: case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. The first description of extrinsic uretheral obstruction by retroperitoneal fibrosis occurred in 1905. In little more than a century, about 800 cases of this disease have been reported. Case description. We report the case of a female 55 year-old patient who presents with diffuse abdominal pain of long duration, nausea, vomiting, fever of 38°C and hypertension of 160/100 mmHg. A CT scan is performed that shows a retroperitoneal mass that obstructs the urethers. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, urethers were released and biopsy was taken. Pathology analysis showed the presence of retroperitoneal fibrosis, a rare pathological entity whose diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion based on clinical, imaging and laboratory workup. Literature review. There are no clear definitions of the variety of disorders that are included in the spectrum of retroperitoneal fibrosis, due to the rarity of this condition. Consequently, we lack diagnostic criteria and a consistent classification of the different forms that it may adopt. However, when there is suspicion of retroperitoneal fibrosis, the first step is to establish whether it is idiopathic or secondary, as there will be treatment implications. Conclusion. Retroperitoneal fibrosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis whenever diffuse abdominal pain is associated with uretheral or great vessels compression.

José Francisco Camacho

2013-09-01

184

Sexuality following trauma injury: A literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Restoration of the quality of life (QoL of trauma injury survivors is the aim of trauma rehabilitation. It is generally acknowledged that sexuality is an important component of QoL; however, rehabilitation services frequently fall short of including sexuality as a matter of routine. The literature was reviewed to examine the experiences of trauma survivors from three groups: spinal cord injury (SCI, traumatic brain injury (TBI and burns. The focus was on the impact of trauma on the QoL to identify future research directions and to advocate for the inclusion of sexuality as an integral part of rehabilitation. Databases searched were Proquest, Ovid, Cinahl, Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Central Register of controlled trials. A total of 36 eligible studies were included: SCI (n = 25, TBI (n = 6, burns (n = 5. Four themes were identified across the three trauma groups that were labeled as physiological impact of trauma on sexuality, cognitive-genital dissociation (CGD, sexual disenfranchisement (SD and sexual rediscovery (SR. Trauma injury has a significant impact on sexuality, which is not routinely addressed within rehabilitation services. Further sexuality research is required among all trauma groups to improve rehabilitation services and in turn QoL outcomes for all trauma survivors.

Kylie Marie Connell

2014-04-01

185

Leishmaniasis in travelers: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne protozoan infection whose clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic infection to fatal visceral leishmaniasis. Over the last decades, an increase in imported leishmaniasis cases in developed, non-endemic countries, have been pointed-out from a review of the international literature. Among the possible causes are increasing international tourism, influx of immigrants from endemic regions and military operations. The main area for the acquisition of cutaneous leishmaniasis, especially for adventure travelers on long-term trips in highly-endemic forested areas, is represented from South America, whereas popular Mediterranean destinations are emerging as the main areas to acquire visceral variant. Leishmaniasis should be considered in the diagnostic assessment of patients presenting with a compatible clinical syndrome and a history of travel to an endemic area, even if this occurred several months or years before. Adventure travelers, researchers, military personnel, and other groups of travelers likely to be exposed to sand flies in endemic areas, should receive counseling regarding leishmaniasis and appropriate protective measures. PMID:25287721

Mansueto, Pasquale; Seidita, Aurelio; Vitale, Giustina; Cascio, Antonio

2014-01-01

186

Promoting volunteer capacity in hospice palliative care: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hospice volunteers play an essential role in the primary care network for end of life. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence on hospice volunteers published between 2002 and July 2012. An electronic search of PubMed, CINAHL and PsychINFO using controlled vocabulary, and a reference scan, yielded 54 studies focusing on hospice volunteers. Studies were primarily descriptive using quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. Findings from studies were grouped thematically into descriptions of the work of hospice volunteers; recruitment, preparation and retention of hospice volunteers; and perspectives and outcomes of the volunteer role. A substantial body of evidence exists describing the roles, stresses and rewards of hospice volunteering. Less is known about how to adequately recruit, prepare and retain volunteers. A small but intriguing body of evidence exists around volunteers' contributions to family satisfaction and patient longevity. Although the evidence around hospice volunteers continues to grow, there is an urgent need for further research. Findings indicate that volunteers make important contributions to high quality end of life care. However, more focused research attention is required to better understand how to maximize this contribution while providing better support for volunteers. PMID:23277631

Pesut, Barbara; Hooper, Brenda; Lehbauer, Suzanne; Dalhuisen, Miranda

2014-02-01

187

Suicide in deaf populations: a literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies have found that deaf individuals have higher rates of psychiatric disorder than those who are hearing, while at the same time encountering difficulties in accessing mental health services. These factors might increase the risk of suicide. However, the burden of suicidal behaviour in deaf people is currently unknown. The aim of the present review was to provide a summary of literature on suicidal behaviour with specific reference to deaf individuals. The objectives of the review were to establish the incidence and prevalence of suicidal behaviour in deaf populations; describe risk factors for suicidal behaviour in deaf populations; describe approaches to intervention and suicide prevention that have been used in deaf populations. Methods A number of electronic databases (e.g. Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, Dissertation Abstracts International, Web of Science, ComDisDome, ASSIA, Education Sage Full Text, Google Scholar, and the grey literature databases FADE and SIGLE were explored using a combination of key words and medical subject headings as search terms. Reference lists of papers were also searched. The Science and Social Sciences Citation Index electronic databases were used to identify studies that had cited key papers. We also contacted experts and organisations with an interest in the field. Results Very few studies focussed specifically on suicide in deaf populations. Those studies that were included (n = 13 generally involved small and unrepresentative samples. There were limited data on the rate of suicidal behaviour in deaf people. One study reported evidence of hearing impairment in 0.2% of all suicide deaths. Another found that individuals with tinnitus seen in specialist clinics had an elevated rate of suicide compared to the general population. The rates of attempted suicide in deaf school and college students during the previous year ranged from 1.7% to 18%, with lifetime rates as high as 30%. Little evidence was found to suggest that risk factors for suicide in deaf people differed systematically from those in the general population. However, studies did report higher levels of depression and higher levels of perceived risk among deaf individuals than hearing control groups. No firm evidence was found regarding the effectiveness of suicide prevention strategies in deaf people, but suggested strategies include developing specific screening tools, training clinical staff, promoting deaf awareness, increasing the availability of specialist mental health services for deaf people. Conclusion There is a significant gap in our understanding of suicide in deaf populations. Clinicians should be aware of the possible association between suicide and deafness. Specialist mental health services should be readily accessible to deaf individuals and specific preventative strategies may be of benefit. However, further research using a variety of study designs is needed to increase our understanding of this issue.

Kapur Navneet

2007-10-01

188

Microalgae harvesting and processing: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this report is to present a discussion of the literature review performed on methods of harvesting microalgae. There is no single best method of harvesting microalgae. The choice of preferable harvesting technology depends on algae species, growth medium, algae production, end product, and production cost benefit. Algae size is an important factor since low-cost filtration procedures are presently applicable only for harvesting fairly large microalgae. Small microalgae should be flocculated into larger bodies that can be harvested by one of the methods mentioned above. However, the cells' mobility affects the flocculation process, and addition of nonresidual oxidants to stop the mobility should be considered to aid flocculation. The decision between sedimentation or flotation methods depends on the density difference between the algae cell and the growth medium. For oil-laden algae with low cell density, flotation technologies should be considered. Moreover, oxygen release from algae cells and oxygen supersaturation conditions in growth medium support the use of flotation methods. If high-quality algae are to be produced for human consumption, continuous harvesting by solid ejecting or nozzle-type disc centrifuges is recommended. These centrifuges can easily be cleaned and sterilized. They are suitable for all types of microalgae, but their high operating costs should be compared with the benefits from their use. Another basic criterion for selecting the suitable harvesting procedure is the final algae paste concentration required for the next process. Solids requirements up to 30% can be attained by established dewatering processes. For more concentrated solids, drying methods are required. The various systems for algae drying differ both in the extent of capital investment and the energy requirements. Selection of the drying method depends on the scale of operation and the use for which the dried product is intended.

Shelef, G.; Sukenik, A.; Green, M.

1984-08-01

189

Biologic coal beneficiation: Literature review: Final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Several approaches to the biological beneficiation of coal have been suggested in the literature. The chemical similarity between coal, especially low-rank coal, and lignin suggest that lignin-degrading microorganisms, particularly white-rot fungi, could degrade coal by oxygen-requiring reactions. There are some indications that these processes can occur. Solubilization of coal by the action of white-rot fungi, such as Polyporus vesicolor has been reported. Bacterium such as Pseudomonas fluorescence appear capable of biodegrading coals including higher rank materials such as anthracite. Besides degrading coal, this bacterium was shown to produce extracellular protein that adsorbed to the surface of the coal particles. The adsorbed protein significantly reduced the surface tension of the coal, suggesting a potential role of this protein as a surfactant in coal slurrying. In coals containing finely dispersed pyrite, pyritic sulfur and, to a degree, organic sulfur can be removed by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans or Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, which oxidizes sulfur for energy production. Based on laboratory data, the biological, coal-desulfurization process appears to be cost-effective when compared to other chemical-desulfurization methods. This review reveals the general absence of data on coal degradation, enzyme production and characterization, and effects of coal substrate, nutritional requirements, on degradation rates. Screening of additional organisms for coal degrading activity or isolation and evaluation of cell-free-enzyme extracts as bioreagents for coal conversion appear to be areas which may be fruitful in the near term. Each of these issues must be addressed if progress in this new area of biotechnology is to continue. 76 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Pyne, J.W.; Wilson, B.W.

1986-11-01

190

LITERATURE REVIEW OF BORIC ACID SOLUBILITY DATA  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A new solvent system is being evaluated for use in the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) and in the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF). The new system replaces the current dilute nitric acid strip solution with 0.01 M boric acid. This literature study is performed to determine if there is a potential for boric acid to crystallize in the lines with emphasis on the transfer lines to the Defense Waste Processing Facility. This report focuses on the aqueous phase chemistry of boric acid under conditions relevant to MCU and SWPF. Operating and transfer conditions examined for the purpose of this review include temperatures between 13 C (McLeskey, 2008) and 45 C (Fondeur, 2007) and concentrations from 0 to 3M in nitric acid as well as exposure of small amounts of entrained boric acid in the organic phase to the sodium hydroxide caustic wash stream. Experiments were also conducted to observe any chemical reactions and off-gas generation that could occur when 0.01 M boric acid solution mixes with 3 M nitric acid solution and vice versa. Based on the low concentration (0.01M) of boric acid in the MCU/SWPF strip acid and the moderate operating temperatures (13 C to 45 C), it is unlikely that crystallization of boric acid will occur in the acid strip solution under process or transfer conditions. Mixing experiments of boric and nitric acid show no measurable gas generation (< 1 cc of gas per liter of solution) under similar process conditions.

Crapse, K.; Kyser, E.

2011-09-22

191

A Critical Review of the Literature for Sales Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

The "Journal of Marketing Education" is publishing a special issue on Sales Education and Training in August 2014. In this article, we review the sales education literature from four primary journals and the business literature at large. The four primary journals are the "Journal of Marketing Education," "Marketing Education Review," "Journal of…

Cummins, Shannon; Peltier, James W.; Erffmeyer, Robert; Whalen, Joel

2013-01-01

192

Academic dishonesty in schools of nursing: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Academic dishonesty in schools of nursing is surprisingly common. The following literature review defines academic dishonesty, describes the scope of the problem, and sheds light on factors that affect student behaviors that lead to academic dishonesty in schools of nursing. Finally, barriers to and best practices for solutions to the problem will be reviewed as they appear within the literature. PMID:24495578

Klocko, Marilyn N

2014-03-01

193

Peace Education through Bilingual Children's Literature Written in Arabic and in Hebrew: Different Narratives, Different Socialization  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research has been to evaluate the contribution of the emerging Israeli genre of bilingual literature, Arabic and Hebrew, to peace education. Since Israeli society is a multicultural one comprised of two nations, Arabs and Jews who live in an environment of conflict, one must regard those textbooks as political socialization agents.…

Zamir, Sara

2012-01-01

194

Korean and Korean American Adolescents' Responses to Literature: Impact of Narratives and Interpretive Community  

Science.gov (United States)

How might Korean/Korean American youth cope with everyday life as a minority or a model minority if they had early and consistent exposure to literature depicting the mirrored experiences of Korean/Korean Americans? This study employed qualitative methods and an interpretive approach which enhance understanding of the life experiences, literary…

Kim, Eunhyun

2014-01-01

195

Folk Literature of the Warao Indians; Narrative Material and Motif Content.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Latin American Center, University of California at Los Angeles, presents a collection of the folk literature of the "boat people," the Warao Indians of the Orinoco Delta of Venezuela and Guyana. According to Professor Johannes Wilbert and other anthropologists, "the inaccessibility of their habitat has preserved their tribal culture to this…

Wilbert, Johannes

196

Topical therapies for oral lichen planus management and their efficacy: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory condition implicating T cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and involving oral mucosal surfaces. Several therapeutic regimens have been evaluated to treat OLP and pain related, but often without high level of evidence. Topical formulations are the favourite for the majority of cases; bioadhesive formulations have been considered very useful and practical for local drug delivery in oral mucosa, due to the increased residence time on the oral mucosa of the dosage forms and better therapeutic efficacy. In this narrative review, authors try to illustrate the current topical managements for OLP from the accessible literature on this topic. Steroids are very helpful in discomfort and making better quality of life: they are considered the first-line treatment even if they could cause secondary candidosis, and sometimes bad taste, nausea, dry mouth, sore throat or swollen mouth. Other substances or devices by topical administration are adopted especially when the first line approach is refractory. This is the case when retinol with its synthetic and natural analogues (retinoids), hyaluronic acid, or Aloe Vera are chosen. Recent topical applications for OLP therapy include phototherapy and low/high energy pulsing light; the treatment with extracorporeal photochemotherapy is also reasonable and promising. Finally, calcineurin inhibitors (i.e. cyclosporine, tacrolimus and pimecrolimus), antioxidant and biologics (i.e alefacept, efalizumab, basiliximab, TNF-? inhibitors - infliximab, rituximab) may be alternative approaches when OLP does not respond to the standard protocols. In this scenario, there are several studies on molecules different from glucocorticosteroids, but not sufficient or statistically adequate to justify their evidence-based use in OLP; large randomized placebo controlled trials are required to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of these non conventional therapies. In conclusion, since OLP is a chronic disease and requires long-term management, the dental/medical practitioner, who treats OLP patients, needs to know the natural history of OLP, how to monitor, and how to treat, taking in account all of the available modalities conventional and not, with pros and cons. PMID:22632394

Bagan, José; Compilato, Domenico; Paderni, Carlo; Campisi, Giuseppina; Panzarella, Vera; Picciotti, Maria; Lorenzini, Guido; Di Fede, Olga

2012-01-01

197

A literature review to explore integrated care for older people  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: This paper reports on some of the findings of a literature review commissioned to explore integrated care for older people. Methods: The process of revising included finding and selecting literature from multidisciplinary sources, and encompassed both published papers and ‘grey’ literature, i.e. material which had not been reviewed for publication. Results: The study found that thinking has moved on from a focus on the problems of accessing services to exploring ways in which the...

Jan Reed; Glenda Cook; Sue Childs; Brendan McCormack

2005-01-01

198

Thyroid Hemiagenesis: Report of a Case and Review of Literature  

OpenAIRE

Our objective was to report an incidental finding of thyroid hemiagenesis in a patient who presented with a left neck mass, present a review of literature, and to discuss management of this diagnosis. Case report and review of literature. An internet-based literature search was performed via Pubmed with key words, “hemithyroid agenesis, thyroid hemiagenesis, absent thyroid gland”. Clinical, pathological, radiologic data and follow up information is reported. A 55 year old woman with a le...

Pen?a, Sarah; Robertson, Hugh; Walvekar, Rohan R.

2011-01-01

199

Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of the Effectiveness of Contraceptive Service Interventions for Young People, Delivered in Health Care Settings  

Science.gov (United States)

A systematic review and narrative synthesis to determine the effectiveness of contraception service interventions for young people delivered in health care premises was undertaken. We searched 12 key health and medical databases, reference lists of included papers and systematic reviews and cited reference searches on included articles. All…

Blank, Lindsay; Baxter, Susan K.; Payne, Nick; Guillaume, Louise R.; Squires, Hazel

2012-01-01

200

Injury associated with methamphetamine use: A review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Abstract This paper reviews the literature exploring issues around methamphetamine and injury. There was a paucity of peer reviewed quantitative research and a lack of large scale epidemiological studies. Further sources described cases and others described injury risk as part of an overall review of methamphetamine misuse. Thus, a number of limitations and potential biases exist within the literature. The main areas where associations were noted or extrapolated with methamphetamine use and i...

Wheeler Amanda; Coggan Carolyn; Bennett Sara; Sheridan Janie; McMillan Karen

2006-01-01

201

Fiction as Reconstruction of History: Narratives of the Civil War in American Literature  

OpenAIRE

Even after more than 140 years the American Civil War continues to serve as a major source of inspiration for a plethora of literature in various genres. While only amounting to a brief period in American history in terms of years, this war has proved to be one of the central moments for defining the American nation since the second half of the nineteenth century. The facets of the Civil War, its protagonists, places, events, and political, social and cultural underpinnings seem to hold an on...

Reinhard Isensee

2009-01-01

202

From Literature Review Exploring Thesis’ Innovative Writing Phenomena  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Literature review is one major component of a thesis, in which researchers connect the relationships of the related research to support the making of the research context at hand. Through critical reading, researchers understand the core concepts and being able to compare, contrast, and compose the new main themes of the literatures into thesis writing. Being able to write a good literature review is vital not only to show researchers’ own understanding of the field but also to support the creative research design. In order to understand the phenomenon of the literature reviews, particularly the work done by the Master theses, three research questions are raised: (1 what types of literature review are applied? (2 What mental strategies of literature review are used? And (3 what kinds of logic are employed in literature review? Content analysis is used in this study. Five theses with 106 analysis units are selected and analyzed. A recursive approach is processed in building the coding scheme. The research results reveal eight types of literature review, including contextual, definitional, historical, cut-in point, methodological, supportive, theoretical, empirical; six mental strategies, including analytical and judgmental, comparison, classification and induction, inductive and conclusive, standpoint of one’s own study, extensive; four kinds of writing logic, including integrated discursive, a lack of synthesis within literature, a lack to responsive to the main point, piling up of literature; and five kinds of innovative writing, including reframing, innovative reconceptualization, expansion on the thinking dimension, leading out the importance of the study, pointing out new cut-in point. The study suggests that better utilization of mental strategy and logic employment can further enhance integration of various literatures and thus framing a stronger context of the study. pp.4-25

??????? Pei-Chin Tang, Mei-Mei Wu

2013-10-01

203

New Roles for Pharmacists in Community Mental Health Care: A Narrative Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medicines are a major treatment modality for many mental illnesses, and with the growing burden of mental disorders worldwide pharmacists are ideally positioned to play a greater role in supporting people with a mental illness. This narrative review aims to describe the evidence for pharmacist-delivered services in mental health care and address the barriers and facilitators to increasing the uptake of pharmacist services as part of the broader mental health care team. This narrative review is divided into three main sections: (1 the role of the pharmacist in mental health care in multidisciplinary teams and in supporting early detection of mental illness; (2 the pharmacists’ role in supporting quality use of medicines in medication review, strategies to improve medication adherence and antipsychotic polypharmacy, and shared decision making; and (3 barriers and facilitators to the implementation of mental health pharmacy services with a focus on organizational culture and mental health stigma. In the first section, the review presents new roles for pharmacists within multidisciplinary teams, such as in case conferencing or collaborative drug therapy management; and new roles that would benefit from increased pharmacist involvement, such as the early detection of mental health conditions, development of care plans and follow up of people with mental health problems. The second section describes the impact of medication review services and other pharmacist-led interventions designed to reduce inappropriate use of psychotropic medicines and improve medication adherence. Other new potential roles discussed include the management of antipsychotic polypharmacy and involvement in patient-centered care. Finally, barriers related to pharmacists’ attitudes, stigma and skills in the care of patients with mental health problems and barriers affecting pharmacist-physician collaboration are described, along with strategies to reduce mental health stigma.

Maria Rubio-Valera

2014-10-01

204

Impact of childhood chronic illnesses on siblings: a literature review.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Childhood illness can have a significant impact on families, particularly on the ill child\\'s siblings. There is a dearth of published literature focusing on the needs of siblings of ill children. AIM: This literature review aims to provide an overview of the current healthcare literature in relation to the impact of childhood chronic illness or disability on siblings. METHOD: A literature review was undertaken by searching the databases CINAHL, PsycINFO, ProQuest and Cochrane Library for relevant articles in English using the search terms: \\'siblings\\

O' Brien, Irene

2012-02-01

205

Herb-drug interactions: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Herbs are often administered in combination with therapeutic drugs, raising the potential of herb-drug interactions. An extensive review of the literature identified reported herb-drug interactions with clinical significance, many of which are from case reports and limited clinical observations. Cases have been published reporting enhanced anticoagulation and bleeding when patients on long-term warfarin therapy also took Salvia miltiorrhiza (danshen). Allium sativum (garlic) decreased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration of saquinavir, but not ritonavir and paracetamol (acetaminophen), in volunteers. A. sativum increased the clotting time and international normalised ratio of warfarin and caused hypoglycaemia when taken with chlorpropamide. Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo) caused bleeding when combined with warfarin or aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), raised blood pressure when combined with a thiazide diuretic and even caused coma when combined with trazodone in patients. Panax ginseng (ginseng) reduced the blood concentrations of alcohol (ethanol) and warfarin, and induced mania when used concomitantly with phenelzine, but ginseng increased the efficacy of influenza vaccination. Scutellaria baicalensis (huangqin) ameliorated irinotecan-induced gastrointestinal toxicity in cancer patients.Piper methysticum (kava) increased the 'off' periods in patients with parkinsonism taking levodopa and induced a semicomatose state when given concomitantly with alprazolam. Kava enhanced the hypnotic effect of alcohol in mice, but this was not observed in humans. Silybum marianum (milk thistle) decreased the trough concentrations of indinavir in humans. Piperine from black (Piper nigrum Linn) and long (P. longum Linn) peppers increased the AUC of phenytoin, propranolol and theophylline in healthy volunteers and plasma concentrations of rifamipicin (rifampin) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Eleutheroccus senticosus (Siberian ginseng) increased the serum concentration of digoxin, but did not alter the pharmacokinetics of dextromethorphan and alprazolam in humans. Hypericum perforatum (hypericum; St John's wort) decreased the blood concentrations of ciclosporin (cyclosporin), midazolam, tacrolimus, amitriptyline, digoxin, indinavir, warfarin, phenprocoumon and theophylline, but did not alter the pharmacokinetics of carbamazepine, pravastatin, mycophenolate mofetil and dextromethorphan. Cases have been reported where decreased ciclosporin concentrations led to organ rejection. Hypericum also caused breakthrough bleeding and unplanned pregnancies when used concomitantly with oral contraceptives. It also caused serotonin syndrome when used in combination with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (e.g. sertraline and paroxetine). In conclusion, interactions between herbal medicines and prescribed drugs can occur and may lead to serious clinical consequences. There are other theoretical interactions indicated by preclinical data. Both pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic mechanisms have been considered to play a role in these interactions, although the underlying mechanisms for the altered drug effects and/or concentrations by concomitant herbal medicines are yet to be determined. The clinical importance of herb-drug interactions depends on many factors associated with the particular herb, drug and patient. Herbs should be appropriately labeled to alert consumers to potential interactions when concomitantly used with drugs, and to recommend a consultation with their general practitioners and other medical carers. PMID:15916450

Hu, Zeping; Yang, Xiaoxia; Ho, Paul Chi Lui; Chan, Sui Yung; Heng, Paul Wan Sia; Chan, Eli; Duan, Wei; Koh, Hwee Ling; Zhou, Shufeng

2005-01-01

206

Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review.  

OpenAIRE

Effective healthcare teams often elude consistent definition because of the complexity of teamwork. Systems theory offers a dynamic view of teamwork, in which input conditions are transformed via optimum throughput processes into maximal output. This article describes eighteen characteristics of effective teams across input conditions and teamwork processes, which have been identified from the literature.

Mickan, S.; Rodger, S.

2000-01-01

207

Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Effective healthcare teams often elude consistent definition because of the complexity of teamwork. Systems theory offers a dynamic view of teamwork, in which input conditions are transformed via optimum throughput processes into maximal output. This article describes eighteen characteristics of effective teams across input conditions and teamwork processes, which have been identified from the literature. PMID:11186055

Mickan, S; Rodger, S

2000-01-01

208

AIR INFILTRATION MEASUREMENTS USING TRACER GASES: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Science.gov (United States)

The report gives results of a literature review of air filtration measurements using tracer gases, including sulfur hexafluoride, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and radioactive argon and krypton. Sulfur hexafluoride is the commonest tracer gas of choice...

209

Leadership in Education: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews the literature concerned with leadership in education. Topics addressed include trait theories of leadership; behavioral theories; situational leadership; instructional leadership; transformational leadership; value-added leadership; community of leaders; women as leaders; and organizational leadership. (Contains 44 references.) (LRW)

Taylor, Pat (Meadley)

1994-01-01

210

Pediatric spinal osteochondromas: Case report and review of literature  

OpenAIRE

Osteochondromas, though common in appendicular skeleton, are a rarity in spine, that too in young age. We present two case reports - one solitary, one multiple - in young age patients and review the literature.

Sil K; Basu S; Bhattacharya M; Chatterjee S.

2006-01-01

211

Non-family Executives in Family Businesses : a Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

The role of non-family executives in family businesses is under-researched in comparison with its importance. Reviewing the existing literature serves as a startingpoint for promoting future research. Based on a literature analysis, we develop a model for the interaction process between a family owner and a non-family executive. The main contributions for the non-family executive in family business literature are presented and structured following this interaction process. Fina...

Klein, Sabine; Bell, Franz-albert

2007-01-01

212

Strategically Reviewing the Research Literature in Qualitative Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviewing literature in qualitative research can be challenging in terms of why, when, where, and how we should access third-party sources in our work, especially for novice qualitative researchers. As a pragmatic solution, we suggest qualitative researchers utilize research literature in four functional ways: (a) define the phenomenon in…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Cooper, Robin; Desir, Charlene

2010-01-01

213

Music therapy in pediatric oncology: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The review of literature provides an overview of both qualitative and quantitative research studies in the area of pediatric oncology music therapy. A total of 12 studies were reviewed. Eight used qualitative and four used quantitative research methods. All articles were published in peer-reviewed journals. This review summarizes the use of music therapy in treating the physical, emotional , social, and developmental needs of children undergoing curative and palliative treatment for cancer. PMID:19442340

Hilliard, Russell E

2006-01-01

214

Cerebellar mutism: review of the literature  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cerebellar mutism is a common complication of posterior fossa surgery in children. This article reviews current status with respect to incidence, anatomical substrate, pathophysiology, risk factors, surgical considerations, treatment options, prognosis and prevention.

Gudrunardottir, Thora; Sehested, Astrid

2011-01-01

215

Why do people migrate? A review of the theoretical literature  

OpenAIRE

Massey et al. (1994) is a ground-breaking paper in the migration literature that discusses and unifies different migration theories. However, their review and synthesis is incomplete and fairly brief for researchers interested in a deeper understanding of the migration theory literature. This paper therefore aims to review the complete spectrum of economic migration theory from the 1950s until today and to show the differences and complementarities between the different approaches.

Hagen-zanker, Jessica

2008-01-01

216

Proximal femoral fractures: Principles of management and review of literature  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to review the principles involved in the management of proximal femoral fractures as reported in the literature. Methods: A medical literature search in the MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane database was undertaken to review strategies and principles in proximal femoral fracture treatment. Randomized control trials and meta analysis were given preference while case reports/small series were rejected. Results and conclusions: Early anatomical reduction and surgical fi...

Mittal, Ravi; Banerjee, Sumit

2012-01-01

217

Situating Disability within Comparative Education: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

This paper is an inquiry into where the topic of disability falls within the vast field of comparative education research. It explores the extent to which disability is present in comparative education literature, and in what ways it is represented. A review of literature across the core comparative education peer-reviewed journals was conducted. Findings show that a limited number of studies in comparative education have examined students with disabilities, though numbers have increased in r...

Brown, Alisha M. B.

2013-01-01

218

Women in Engineering: A Review of the 2008 Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review covers 300 articles on women in engineering and women's access and preparation for engineering careers. The review is also applicable to working women in general. Topics include work/life balance, pathways to an engineering career, work force issues that impact women engineers, and international literature on women in engineering. Research methods are emphasized and articles with strong methods are highlighted while articles with weak methodology were rejected outright.

219

Traditionally utilization of Selaginella; field research and literature review  

OpenAIRE

Setyawan AD. 2009. Traditionally utilization of Selaginella; field research and literature review. Nusantara Bioscience 1: 146-158. The aims of this research were to find out traditional usage of Selaginella in medication and its other usages, especially in Java and other Indonesian Archipelago. About 200 of 700-750 world species of Selaginella was found in Indonesian Archipelago. Field research and literature review indicated that Selaginella is used traditionally to heal wound, bloody stool...

AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

2009-01-01

220

Sirenomelia: a case report with literature review  

OpenAIRE

We are presenting a case of Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome), which is an extreme example of the caudal regression syndrome. It invariably presents with lower limb fusion, sacral and pelvic bony anomalies, absent external genitalia, imperforate anus, and renal agenesis or dysgenesis. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. The syndrome of caudal regression is thought to be the result of injury to the caudal...

Latika Sahu; Sunita Singh; Gauri Gandhi; Krishna Agarwal

2013-01-01

221

Electronic Commerce Research in Latest Decade: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents a literature review and classification for electronic commerce research. The authors examined 4,948 articles listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE and 2,875 articles in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI published from 1999 to 2008. The results revealed that electronic commerce literature can be classified into seven categories: business and management; computer and information science; industrial engineering and operation research; engineering; economics; law; and others. The study also examined the country distribution of authors. This literature review should serve as a supplemental resource for electronic commerce academics to formulate future research.

Chien-Chang Chen

2010-06-01

222

A literature review to explore integrated care for older people  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: This paper reports on some of the findings of a literature review commissioned to explore integrated care for older people. Methods: The process of revising included finding and selecting literature from multidisciplinary sources, and encompassed both published papers and ‘grey’ literature, i.e. material which had not been reviewed for publication. Results: The study found that thinking has moved on from a focus on the problems of accessing services to exploring ways in which they may function in an integrated way. Conclusions: The study shows how thinking on integrated care for older people has developed, and knowledge of micro, mezzo and macro strategies is now more available.

Jan Reed

2005-01-01

223

Sirenomelia: a case report with literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We are presenting a case of Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome, which is an extreme example of the caudal regression syndrome. It invariably presents with lower limb fusion, sacral and pelvic bony anomalies, absent external genitalia, imperforate anus, and renal agenesis or dysgenesis. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. The syndrome of caudal regression is thought to be the result of injury to the caudal mesoderm early in gestation. The case encountered was a stillborn baby. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000: 430-432

Latika Sahu

2013-06-01

224

INSIDE CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT - A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the concept of continuous improvement (CI by looking beyond what traditionally highlighted in literature concerning continuous improvement or Total Quality Management (TQM. The primary argument put forwarded in the discussion is that despite the undeniable positive results from CI practices, the way these activities are implemented, however, will lead to most programs becoming self-limiting. It needs to be asserted here that this paper is not intended to despise CI, rather, its purpose is limited only to provide a balance on the prevailing positive views toward CI.

Daniel Indarto Prajogo

2000-01-01

225

Mechanisms of beryl flotation: a literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper shows a review about the investigations that have been done on the mechanisms of flotation of beryl and its dependence in relation to the presence of fluoride species. It is also analised the anionic flotation of the mineral and the effect of cations in the pulp of flotation. (author)

226

Technology Integration: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Technology has been viewed as a lodestone for improving student academic performance and for increasing the flexibility of public schools. This review provides a synthesis that addresses the effect of technology on teaching and learning and analyzes these effects through the lens of diffusion theory. This synthesis examines the historical trends…

Franklin, Cheryl A.; Bolick, Cheryl Mason

2007-01-01

227

Social Reinforcement: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Major studies and theoretical positions within the incentive motivation field are reviewed in order to present an integrated picture of past and present research. Special emphasis is placed on delineating social reinforcement variables in an attempt to explicate their relative importance within the context of social reinforcement theory; however,…

Raben, Charles S.; And Others

228

Modalities and prescribing strategies in intensive home hemodialysis: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decades, evidence on the benefits of intensive hemodialysis, more frequent and longer comparing to conventional hemodialysis, has emerged. The home environment is an ideal setting to perform intensive hemodialysis without the reliance on organizational and structural needs. The observed benefits of frequent hemodialysis have resulted in a rise in prevalent intensive home hemodialysis patients around the world. A successful home hemodialysis program requires a well-structured predialysis education program with focus on home dialysis and a dedicated multidisciplinary team with knowledge about the specifics of home hemodialysis and with a holistic approach to provide optimal care. In this narrative review, we describe different modalities of home hemodialysis and dialysis prescription specifics of intensive nocturnal hemodialysis, the modality with overall best outcomes. PMID:25375415

François, K; Ghazan-Shahi, S; Chan, C T

2015-03-01

229

Organizational Culture and Internationalization: A Brief Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This brief literature review introduces an area of emerging research about the impact of organizational culture on institutional strategies for internationalization. The review begins by introducing the concept of organizational culture, particularly within higher education. Five articles published between 2003 and 2012 are examined that introduce…

Nussbaumer, Alison

2013-01-01

230

Gender and Instrument Associations, Stereotypes, and Stratification: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review examines and synthesizes 30 years of research into the relationship between gender and musical instruments. Specifically, the review focuses on how this relationship affects instrument selection by grade school students entering a school music program. Topics include the gender typing of musical instruments, instrument…

Wych, Gina M. F.

2012-01-01

231

Children Who Witness Domestic Violence: A Review of Empirical Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a review of the empirical literature examining the initial effects of witnessing domestic violence on children's functioning. Although results are somewhat inconclusive regarding children's social, cognitive, and physical development, findings of recently conducted investigations, when combined and compared with the previously reviewed

Kolbo, Jerome R.; And Others

1996-01-01

232

Employer Perceptions of Online Degrees: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review explores research regarding the perception of potential employers or "gatekeepers" about online degrees in comparison with those earned in a traditional format. This review contributes to the field of knowledge because higher education can benefit from understanding how these perceptions affect students' employment…

Columbaro, Norina L.; Monaghan, Catherine H.

2009-01-01

233

Truancy Interventions: A Review of the Research Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: This article presents a systematic review of the literature on evaluative studies of truancy interventions. Method: Included studies evaluating truancy interventions appearing in peer-reviewed academic journals from 1990 to 2007. Findings: In total, 16 studies were assessed. Eight studies used group comparison designs and eight studies…

Sutphen, Richard D.; Ford, Janet P.; Flaherty, Chris

2010-01-01

234

METAL BIOACCUMULATION IN FISHES AND AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature concerning the bioaccumulation of metals by freshwater and marine fishes and invertebrates has been reviewed; metal residue levels are also reported for a few mammals and plants. Twenty-one metals are considered in individual sections of the review and a bibliography o...

235

Functional Impairment of Bipolar Disorder: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A critical review of neuropsychological results for subjects with bipolar disorder was compared to magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) findings. Studies containing both neuropsychological and MRI outcomes were limited. Therefore, the neuropsychological literature was independently critiqued, then compared to the MRI results from a prior review by…

Hanisch, Laura J.

236

Allergy to cosmetics: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The term cosmetic has a broad definition and includes personal care products, hair care products, nail care products, and sunscreens. Modern cosmetics are safe for most users, and adverse reactions are very rare because the manufacturers invest heavily in safety, quality control, and product testing before releasing the product to the market. Despite these efforts, adverse reactions occur. Skin care products are major contributors to cosmetic allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), followed by hair care and nail care products. The most common allergens are fragrances and preservatives. The diagnosis of cosmetic allergy is established by reviewing the patient's clinical history and physical examination findings and confirmed with skin patch testing. Patch testing is the standard method for detecting allergens responsible for eliciting ACD. The purpose of this article was to review the prevalence, legislative laws, and role of patch testing in ACD. PMID:24201464

Alani, Jennifer I; Davis, Mark Denis P; Yiannias, James A

2013-01-01

237

Oxidative Stress and Epilepsy: Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Backgrounds. The production of free radicals has a role in the regulation of biological function, cellular damage, and the pathogenesis of central nervous system conditions. Epilepsy is a highly prevalent serious brain disorder, and oxidative stress is regarded as a possible mechanism involved in epileptogenesis. Experimental studies suggest that oxidative stress is a contributing factor to the onset and evolution of epilepsy. Objective. A review was conducted to investigate the link between ...

Aguiar, Carlos Clayton Torres; Almeida, Ana?lia Barbosa; Arau?jo, Paulo Victor Pontes; Abreu, Rita Neuma Dantas Cavalcante; Chaves, Edna Maria Camelo; Do Vale, Otoni Cardoso; Mace?do, Danielle Silveira; Woods, David John; Fonteles, Marta Maria Franc?a; Vasconcelos, Silvania Maria Mendes

2012-01-01

238

Financialisation of the environment: A literature review  

OpenAIRE

This paper provides a review of research into financialisation of the environment, focusing on the role of financialisation in the interface between social and natural dimensions of sustainability, the geographical penetration of finance into environmental sectors, and its increasing control over the production of nature and environmental governance through regulating flows of capital and consequently material flows. Financialisation is conceptualised as a profoundly spatial process, forging ...

Clark, Eric; Hermele, Kenneth

2013-01-01

239

Dupuytren's Disease: Review of the Current Literature  

OpenAIRE

Dupuytren’s disease is one of the most common condition seen by hand surgeons. It is not only prevalent but can also be a most debilitating condition resulting in significant loss of function of the fingers involved. The cause of this disease, however still remains largely unknown although some recent evidence suggests a stem cell etiology. This review article summarizes the current known knowledge of Dupuytren’s as well as the clinical findings, investigations and treatments available.

Khashan, Morsi; Smitham, Peter J.; Khan, Wasim S.; Goddard, Nicholas J.

2011-01-01

240

Optimum Stimulation Level Theory: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Optimum stimulation level theory (OSLT) is a fairly influential theory with strong explanatory power. It establishes the relationships between individuals’ physio-psychological factors and cognitive/emotional/attitudinal/behavioral responses. It also provides insightful guidance for understanding the different patterns and characteristics in individuals’ daily and working life. This paper introduces the theoretical assumptions and main ideas of OSLT, and reviews the relevant confirmative ...

Rui Gu; Kanliang Wang

2012-01-01

241

Socio-Cultural Retailing: A literature review  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this paper is to contribute to the cultural turn in retail studies by offering an overview of the interdisciplinary field of socio-cultural retailing and, based on this introduction, draw out and discuss what this body of work can contribute to the field of retail marketing. The paper reviews socio- cultural retail research from the disciplines of marketing, cultural geography, sociology and anthropology. Taken together this body of work clearly shows that retailing and shopping pr...

Fuentes, Christian

2012-01-01

242

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

OpenAIRE

Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated peri...

Rivia?¨res-pigeon, Catherine Des; Rodra?­guez, Charo

2007-01-01

243

DEPLETED URANIUM INDUCED FETAL MALFORMATIONS - LITERATURE REVIEW  

OpenAIRE

Depleted uranium is a byproduct of the enrichment process of uranium for its more radioactive isotopes to be used in nuclear energy .Because depleted uranium is pyrophoric and a dense metal with unique features when combined with alloys ,it is used by the military in armor and ammunition and frequently used in combat scenarios. This review reports on uranium uses and its published health effects, with major focus on its effects on reproduction and fetal development.

Radulescu, A.; Es, Boia; Re, Iacob; David, V.

2006-01-01

244

Health hazards of xylene: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Xylene, an aromatic hydrocarbon is widely used in industry and medical laboratory as a solvent. It is a flammable liquid that requires utmost care during its usage. On exposure the vapours are rapidly absorbed through the lungs and the slowly through the skin. Prolonged exposure to xylene leads to significant amount of solvent accumulation in the adipose and muscle tissue. This article reviews the various acute and chronic health effects of xylene through various routes of exposure. PMID:24701554

T Rajan, Sharada; Malathi, N

2014-02-01

245

Hydrolysis of lactose: a literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lactose is the sugar found in milk and whey. Its hydrolysis to glucose and galactose in milk would solve the problem of milk-intolerant people and in whey it would avoid environmental pollution and offer an interesting possibility of by-product utilization. The prepared sweet syrup has many potential applications in the food industry. Hydrolysis of lactose can be carried out by heating at low pH (acid hydrolysis) or by enzymatic catalysis with the enzyme (lactase or ..beta..-D-galactosidase) either free in solution or immobilized by one of the several enzyme immobilization methods which are abundant in the literature. Selection of the proper method depends on many factors: the nature of substrate, use of the final product, need for sanitary conditions, and, of course, capital and processing costs. 157 references.

Gekas, V.; Lopez-Leiva, M.

1985-02-01

246

Asphalt solar collectors: A literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Highlights: ? Solar energy can be harnessed by asphalt pavements. ? Research on asphalt thermal behavior and asphalt solar collectors is reviewed. ? Asphalt temperature is very sensitive to the variation of absortivity. ? Asphalt solar collector efficiency depends on flow rate and geometrical parameters. -- Abstract: Asphalt pavements subject to solar radiation can reach high temperatures causing not only environmental problems such as the heat island effect on cities but also structural damage due to rutting or hardening as a result of thermal cycles. Asphalt solar collectors are doubly effective active systems: as they solve the previously mentioned problems and, moreover, they can harness energy to be used in different applications. The main findings of the existing research on asphalt solar collectors are gathered together in this review paper. Firstly, the main heat transfer mechanisms involved in the solar energy collection process are identified and the most important parameters and variables are presented. After analyzing the theoretical foundations of the heat transfer process, this review focuses on the types of studies carried out so far on asphalt’s thermal behavior, different methodologies employed by other authors to study asphalt solar collectors and influence of the variables involved in thermal energy harvesting.

247

Developing Detailed Foresight Narratives: a Participatory Technique from the Mekong Region  

OpenAIRE

Narratives that explore uncertain events are central to a variety of future-oriented approaches ranging from planning to community visioning. Techniques to create interesting narratives, however, have been overlooked in the peer-reviewed environmental foresight literature. We describe a participatory, multidimensional, pragmatic technique to generate qualitative foresight ("scenario") narratives. We applied this technique in the Mekong region of Southeast Asia during 11 workshops conducted in...

Tira Foran; John Ward; Kemp-benedict, Eric J.; Alex Smajgl

2013-01-01

248

Occupational therapy and return to work: a systematic literature review  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The primary aim of this review study was to gather evidence on the effectiveness in terms of return to work (RTW) of occupational therapy interventions (OTIs) in rehabilitation patients with non-congenital disorders. A secondary aim was to be able to select the most efficient OTI. Methods A systematic literature review of peer-reviewed papers was conducted using electronic databases (Cinahl, Cochrane Library, Ebsco, Medline (Pubmed), and PsycInfo). The search focussed on r...

Van Hoof Elke; de Rijk Angelique; Am, De?siron Huguette; Donceel Peter

2011-01-01

249

Mycetism: a review of the recent literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Approximately 100 of the known species of mushrooms are poisonous to humans. New toxic mushroom species continue to be identified. Some species initially classified as edible are later reclassified as toxic. This results in a continually expanding list of toxic mushrooms. As new toxic species are identified, some classic teachings about mycetism no longer hold true. As more toxic mushrooms are identified and more toxic syndromes are reported, older classification systems fail to effectively accommodate mycetism. This review provides an update of myscetism and classifies mushroom poisonings by the primary organ system affected, permitting expansion, as new, toxic mushroom species are discovered. PMID:24573533

Graeme, Kimberlie A

2014-06-01

250

Hand Gesture Recognition: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Hand gesture recognition system received great attention in the recent few years because of itsmanifoldness applications and the ability to interact with machine efficiently through human computerinteraction. In this paper a survey of recent hand gesture recognition systems is presented. Key issues ofhand gesture recognition system are presented with challenges of gesture system. Review methods of recentpostures and gestures recognition system presented as well. Summary of research results of hand gesturemethods, databases, and comparison between main gesture recognition phases are also given. Advantagesand drawbacks of the discussed systems are explained finally

Rafiqul Zaman Khan

2012-08-01

251

Web Services Supply Chains: A Literature Review  

CERN Document Server

The aim of this review paper is to bring into light a potential area i.e., web services supply chains for research by analyzing the existing state of art in this. It is observed from the review process that there seems to be much less work done in the area of web service supply chains as compared to e-commerce and product oriented service supply chains. The service quality assurance models, end to end Quality of Service (QoS) models, attempts made to QoS attributes are also found to be from individual perspectives of participating entities in a service process rather than a collective perspective considering individual QoS attributes rather than multiple QoS attributes. In light of these gaps we highlight the comparison between product oriented and pure online/ web service supply chains, a need for quality driven optimization in the web services supply chains, perceived complexities in the existing work and propose a conceptual model.

Krithika, V; Sekaran, Dr K Chandra

2012-01-01

252

Adnexal torsion: review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adnexal torsion is one of a few gynecologic surgical emergencies. Misdiagnosis or delay in treatment can have permanent sequelae including loss of an ovary with effect on future fertility, peritonitis, and even death. A PubMed search was performed between 1985 and 2012 for reviews, comparative studies, and case reports to provide a review of the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, common laboratory and imaging findings, and treatments of adnexal torsion. Common symptoms of torsion include pain, nausea, and vomiting, with associated abdominal or pelvic tenderness, and may differ in premenarchal and pregnant patients. Laboratory and imaging findings including ultrasound with Doppler analysis, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging can assist in making the diagnosis but should not trump clinical judgment; normal Doppler flow can be observed in up to 60% of adnexal torsion cases. Treatment depends on the individual patient but commonly includes detorsion, even if the adnexae initially seem necrotic, with removal of any associated cysts or salpingo-oophorectomy, because recurrence rates are higher with detorsion alone or detorsion with only cyst aspiration. PMID:24126258

Sasaki, Kirsten J; Miller, Charles E

2014-01-01

253

Carbonate scaling - literature review and analysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A survey of the literature on carbonate scaling is presented as it affects geothermal fluid systems. The geothermal brine, as the fluid is called, contains a number of chemical constituents which have leached into it from the reservoir rock. As the hot fluid is withdrawn through wells, a flow of steam, water, or a mixture of steam and water, results. If the well flows at a high enough rate, some brine will flash to steam because of the pressure drop, resulting in the steam/water flow mixture. The chemical composition of the brines is tabulated as the composition of the components in the water system before flashing and the composition of the non-condensible gases after flashing. Total dissolved solids vary from that of ordinary well water to concentrated solutions as high as 40% by weight. Calcium is a major cationic constituent, and biocarbonate an important anionic constituent of the brine. Prevention/treatment techniques, specific site experimental results, and computer models are presented.

Pepper, J.C.; Larkin, B.J.

1979-02-19

254

Effective Strategies for Global Health Research, Training and Clinical Care: A Narrative Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this narrative review was to synthesize the evidence on effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care in order to identify common structures that have been used to guide program development. A Medline search from 2001 to 2011 produced 951 articles, which were reviewed and categorized. Thirty articles met criteria to be included in this review. Eleven articles discussed recommendations for research, 8 discussed training and 11 discussed clinical care. Global health program development should be completed within the framework of a larger institutional commitment or partnership. Support from leadership in the university or NGO, and an engaged local community are both integral to success and sustainability of efforts. It is also important for program development to engage local partners from the onset, jointly exploring issues and developing goals and objectives. Evaluation is a recommended way to determine if goals are being met, and should include considerations of sustainability, partnership building, and capacity. Global health research programs should consider details regarding the research process, context of research, partnerships, and community relationships. Training for global health should involve mentorship, pre-departure preparation of students, and elements developed to increase impact. Clinical care programs should focus on collaboration, sustainability, meeting local needs, and appropriate process considerations.

Rebekah J. Walker

2014-09-01

255

Effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this narrative review was to synthesize the evidence on effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care in order to identify common structures that have been used to guide program development. A Medline search from 2001 to 2011 produced 951 articles, which were reviewed and categorized. Thirty articles met criteria to be included in this review. Eleven articles discussed recommendations for research, 8 discussed training and 11 discussed clinical care. Global health program development should be completed within the framework of a larger institutional commitment or partnership. Support from leadership in the university or NGO, and an engaged local community are both integral to success and sustainability of efforts. It is also important for program development to engage local partners from the onset, jointly exploring issues and developing goals and objectives. Evaluation is a recommended way to determine if goals are being met, and should include considerations of sustainability, partnership building, and capacity. Global health research programs should consider details regarding the research process, context of research, partnerships, and community relationships. Training for global health should involve mentorship, pre-departure preparation of students, and elements developed to increase impact. Clinical care programs should focus on collaboration, sustainability, meeting local needs, and appropriate process considerations. PMID:25716404

Walker, Rebekah J; Campbell, Jennifer A; Egede, Leonard E

2015-03-01

256

Nail psoriasis: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in features such as leukonychia, pitting (punctures or cupuliform depressions), red spots in the lunula and crumbling. Nail bed involvement, on the other hand, can cause onycholysis, salmon or oil-drop patches, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages. Nail disease causes aesthetic and functional impairment, and is indicative of more severe forms of psoriasis as well as of joint involvement. The treatment for nail psoriasis involves behavioral interventions, topical medications, or systemic therapy in case of extensive skin or joint involvement. This article presents a review of the main features of nail psoriasis, its clinical presentation, diagnostic and assessment methods, clinical repercussions, and of its available treatment options. PMID:24770509

Schons, Karen Regina Rosso; Knob, Cristiane Faccin; Murussi, Nádia; Beber, André Avelino Costa; Neumaier, Walter; Monticielo, Odirlei André

2014-01-01

257

Nail psoriasis: a review of the literature*  

Science.gov (United States)

Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in features such as leukonychia, pitting (punctures or cupuliform depressions), red spots in the lunula and crumbling. Nail bed involvement, on the other hand, can cause onycholysis, salmon or oil-drop patches, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages. Nail disease causes aesthetic and functional impairment, and is indicative of more severe forms of psoriasis as well as of joint involvement. The treatment for nail psoriasis involves behavioral interventions, topical medications, or systemic therapy in case of extensive skin or joint involvement. This article presents a review of the main features of nail psoriasis, its clinical presentation, diagnostic and assessment methods, clinical repercussions, and of its available treatment options. PMID:24770509

Schons, Karen Regina Rosso; Knob, Cristiane Faccin; Murussi, Nádia; Beber, André Avelino Costa; Neumaier, Walter; Monticielo, Odirlei André

2014-01-01

258

Phosphide poisoning: a review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Metal phosphides in general and aluminium phosphide in particular are potent insecticides and rodenticides. These are commercially used for protection of crops during storage, as well as during transportation. However, these are highly toxic substances. Their detrimental effects may range from nausea and headache to renal failure and death. It is, therefore, pertinent to ensure their circumspect handling to avoid poisoning episodes. Its poisoning has a high mortality and recent years have seen an increase in the number of poisoning cases and deaths caused by suicidal ingestion. Yet due to their broad spectrum applications, these chemicals cannot be written off. The present communication reviews the various aspects of toxicity associated with metal phosphides. PMID:21763089

Bumbrah, Gurvinder Singh; Krishan, Kewal; Kanchan, Tanuj; Sharma, Madhulika; Sodhi, Gurvinder Singh

2012-01-10

259

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Charo Rodríguez

2007-07-01

260

A literature review on integrated perinatal care  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: The perinatal period is one during which health care services are in high demand. Like other health care sub-sectors, perinatal health care delivery has undergone significant changes in recent years, such as the integrative wave that has swept through the health care industry since the early 1990s. Purpose: The present study aims at reviewing scholarly work on integrated perinatal care to provide support for policy decision-making. Results: Researchers interested in integrated perinatal care have, by assessing the effectiveness of individual clinical practices and intervention programs, mainly addressed issues of continuity of care and clinical and professional integration. Conclusions: Improvements in perinatal health care delivery appear related not to structurally integrated health care delivery systems, but to organizing modalities that aim to support woman-centred care and cooperative clinical practice.

Rivières-Pigeon, Catherine des

2007-01-01

261

The literature review of Leech therapy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective : To review the trend of the study related to Leech therapy and to establish the hereafter direction for the study on Leech therapy. Methods : I reviewed and analyzed all the theses published in Domestic and Foreign research institution from 1990 to 2009. Results : The following results were obtained in this study. 1. Analyzed number of theses published, there was no significance per year. 2. Classified by theme of journal, journals related to surgery were most(41 journals, 75.92% among 54 kinds. 3. Classified by theses by research method and thesis types, case report accounted for nearly twothirds (52 pieces, 68.42% of all theses and consideration of document was next(9 pieces, 11.84%. 4. With the most case of venous congestion after plastic and reconstructive surgery(33 pieces, 63.46%, leech therapy was effective on illnesses such as haematoma, macroglossia, purpura, varicous vein, avulsion injury, neurovascular compression, diabetic neuropathy, penoscrotal oedema, buerger's disease, rheumatoid arthritis. 5. Two most appeared adverse effects were anemia and infection. Immediate blood transfusion was done for recovering anemia and prophylactic 3rd generation antibiotics to infection were emphasized in more than half of case reports. 6. All of consideration of documents was retrospective study of cases related leech therapy and 3 pieces of them emphasized prophyratic antibiotic treatment for preventing infection. 7. The study of clinical trail type started first in 2002 and osteoarthritis of knee and carpometacarpal joint were main target. As see above result, Leech therapy was effective cure and could be used in disease induced by venous congestion. And I think that it is necessary to perform additional study related to solution of problems about leech therapy and protocol for using in clinical practice.

Jang Hyo-kil

2010-03-01

262

[Beauty judgment: review of the literature].  

Science.gov (United States)

Esthetic judgments are surely subjective, but as surely, that does not preclude them being studied objectively through rigorous scientific methods. The factual basis of a science of esthetics is not to settle whether some person or image is "objectively beautiful" but rather to determine whether some representative set or sets of individuals judge or experience him/her/it as beautiful or unattractive. The aim of this paper is to review the definitional, theoretical and methodological aspects pertaining to the perception of facial/dental attractiveness by a group of representative individuals. The first part lays down the basic principles of the perception of facial/dental attractiveness: the perception involves a jury, a field of investigation and a test providing quantitative data; the following general determinants of beauty perception are reviewed: the average morphology, the judge's cultural background, the numerology, the judge's ethnical origin. Indirect determinants are the dentition, the osseous architecture and the muscular envelope. Some disruptive factors might alter the judges' facial perception. They might be qualified as either peripheral to the face or psycho-social factors. Peripheral factors include hair style and color, skin hue, wrinkles, lips color... Psycho-social factors cover the personality of the subject being evaluated, his/her intelligence or behavior. The second part deals specifically with the methodology used to determine facial attractiveness and to correlate this latter with a specific morphology. Typically such a study aims to determine average esthetic preferences for some set of visual displays among a particular jury, given a specific task to judge esthetic quality or qualities. The sample being studied, the displays, the jury or jurys, the rating procedure must all be specified prior to collecting data. A specific emphasis will be given to the rating process and the associated morphometrics, the ultimate goal being to discriminate morphologies judged as attractive among our patients. PMID:24685247

Faure, Jacques; Bolender, Yves

2014-03-01

263

Jumper's knee. Review of the literature  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Jumper's knee is an overuse disease. The initial subjective complaints are well-localized pain, usually occurring after physical activities and often at the lower pole of the patella. The diagnosis of jumper's knee is usually easily established after acquiring a detailed history and a carefully performed physical examination, but the lesion can be mistaken for other disorders or injuries, such as bursitis, meniscal injuries or chondromalacia (1) or other causes of the patellofemoral pain syndrome. Today ultrasonography is the method of choice for the evaluation of jumper's knee as it is both time and cost saving, non-invasive, repeatable, accurate and allows a dynamic image of the tendon, guided injections and control of treatment. Conservative therapy is the treatment of choice in the early stages and includes adequate warm-up, stretching of the quadriceps muscle and physical activity with respect to the pain, and ice pack application after activity. When the pain disappears, the training intensity can be increased. NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) and local peritendinous injections with long-acting steroids can be a helpful and safe adjuvant to the conservative treatment and should be tried before surgery. Surgical treatment is indicated only if a prolonged and well-supervised conservative treatment program fails in chronic jumper's knee (including local injection with steroid) or in acute total rupture. Review papers concerning jumper's knee are already published (2-5), but in this review the importance of ultrasonography to make the diagnosis, to plan therapy and control the treatment and the safety of peritendinous injection with steroid is pointed out. The scientific documentation for the recommanded treatment (conservative, steroid injection and operation) is, however, insufficient. Many more controlled studies are needed. Ultrasonography and placebo-controlled, double-blinded, cross-over studies for treatment with local injection of steroid are ongoing (6, 7).

Fredberg, Ulrich; Bolvig, L

1999-01-01

264

Social and Cutural Aspects of HIV and AIDS in West Africa : A narrative review of qualitative research  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

With the increasing focus on the role of social aspects of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the need for an overview of existing research dealing with such issues has become more urgent. The objective of this article is to provide a thematic overview of existing qualitative research on HIV and AIDS in the West African region and to analyze the main research findings in order to identify possible gaps and recommend new research themes to inform future research-based interventions. The analysis is based on a total of 58 articles published from 2001 to 2009 in English or French identified through a literature search in seven scientific, bibliographical databases. Searches included terms related to qualitative studies combined with various terms related to HIV/AIDS. The results of this narrative review show that there was a geographical concentration on Nigeria, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Coˆte d’Ivoire and a strong urban bias, with most studies taking place in the capital cities of these countries. The majority of the studies focused on women or women and men; only four articles dealt exclusively with men, of which only two were on men who have sex with men. The main study groups were people living with HIV, young people or female sex workers. Sexual risk-taking and stigmatization were the themes that were most prominently explored in the articles we reviewed. We conclude that research needs to be strengthened in relation to the analysis of experiences with antiretroviral therapy and the non-optimal access to treatment in West Africa. Also, more research is needed on men and their exposure to HIV/AIDS, as well as on the role of concurrent partnership in the spread of HIV.

Samuelsen, Helle; Ostergaard, Lise Rosendal

2012-01-01

265

Abortion care in Ghana: a critical review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Government of Ghana has taken important steps to mitigate the impact of unsafe abortion. However, the expected decline in maternal deaths is yet to be realized. This literature review aims to present findings from empirical research directly related to abortion provision in Ghana and identify gaps for future research. A total of four (4) databases were searched with the keywords "Ghana and abortion" and hand review of reference lists was conducted. All abstracts were reviewed. The final include sample was 39 articles. Abortion-related complications represent a large component of admissions to gynecological wards in hospitals in Ghana as well as a large contributor to maternal mortality. Almost half of the included studies were hospital-based, mainly chart reviews. This review has identified gaps in the literature including: interviewing women who have sought unsafe abortions and with healthcare providers who may act as gatekeepers to women wishing to access safe abortion services. PMID:25508038

Rominski, Sarah D; Lori, Jody R

2014-09-01

266

Conducting research literature reviews from the internet to the paper  

CERN Document Server

Providing readers with an accessible, in-depth look at how to synthesize research literature, Conducting Research Literature Reviews is perfect for students, researchers, marketers, planners, and policymakers who design and manage public and private agencies, conduct research studies, and prepare strategic plans and grant proposals. Bestselling author Arlene Fink shows readers how to explain the need for and significance of research, as well as how to explain a study’s findings. Offering a step-by-step approach to conducting literature reviews, the Fourth Edition features updated examples and covers: how to select databases and evaluate their quality; selecting and organizing key words and other terms in order to effectively search databases and the Web; setting standards for evaluating the quality of research and other literature; extracting and recording information from articles and studies; synthesizing what the reader finds either descriptively or via a meta-analysis; recording and storing the results ...

Fink, Arlene

2014-01-01

267

Medical consequences of marijuana use: a review of current literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the advent of legalization of marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes, and the increase use of marijuana, healthcare providers will be increasingly confronted with marijuana users as patients in clinical environments. While there is vast literature regarding the societal and mental health harms associated with marijuana use, there is a paucity of reviews of the potential consequences of marijuana use on physical health or medical conditions. We examine the recent literature on the physical harms associated with illicit and legal marijuana administration. We surveyed the peer-reviewed medical literature from 1998 to 2013 of studies assessing the association of marijuana use and physical diseases. We conclude that healthcare providers should be cognizant that the existing literature suggests that marijuana use can cause physical harm. However, evidence is needed, and further research should be considered, to prove causal associations of marijuana with many physical health conditions. PMID:24234874

Gordon, Adam J; Conley, James W; Gordon, Joanne M

2013-12-01

268

Socioeconomic Status and Women's Smoking Behavior: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: This paper presents a literature review that examines the relationship between socioeconomic statusand women’s smoking behavior in the United States.Methods: A literature search was conducted among national and international peer-reviewed literature in thefollowing databases: Academic Search Premier, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Education Resource InformationCenter (ERIC, MEDLINE, and PsycARTICLES. A manual search was performed to obtain relevant articleswithin selected journals.Results: Of the 9 reviewed studies, 5 indicated that a low education level is a causal factor which has a significantrelationship with smoking behavior among women. 6 of the reviewed studies provided evidence that householdincome level plays an important role in women’s cigarette smoking. Finally, 2 of the reviewed studies indicatedthat women’s smoking behavior is influenced by their marital status.Conclusion: The findings from this literature review indicate that future smoking prevention efforts targetingwomen might benefit from incorporating education, household income, and marital situation intomulti-component programs that focus on the differences in socioeconomic status.

Yan Huang

2011-04-01

269

Neonatal pain: literature review from 1998 to 2008  

OpenAIRE

Literature review related to neonatal pain. Objectives: to identify scientific articles related to the theme in computerized database - Medline, Lilacs and Cinahl; to identify themes related to neonatal pain. The methodology utilizes research computer and/or manual bibliography. Data were obtained from 32 scientific literatures from 1998 to 2008. Results: studies were published mainly in English. Five themes were identified: painful stimulation to neonates; expression of neonatal pain; assess...

Maria Cristina Pauli da Rocha; Lisabelle Mariano Rossato

2008-01-01

270

Modelling conventional and organic farming : a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Literature shows a significant development of organic farming in Europe but with considerable differences between countries. These depend on general agricultural policy (the set of regulations and laws), specific policy incentives, and also on differences in consumer behaviour. This paper reviews scientific literature on the evaluation of the technical, economic and environmental aspects of conversion from conventional towards organic production. The methods and results of empirical and norma...

Acs, S.; Berentsen, P. B. M.; Huirne, R. B. M.

2005-01-01

271

Strategic Planning and Design of Supply Chains: a Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, a literature review of the mathematical models for supply chain design is proposed. The research is based on the study and analysis of publications of the last twelve years from the most widespread international journal about operations management and logistics. The aim of the work lies in identifying tendencies in the literature and related open issues about the strategic decisions, economic parameters, constraints and model features considered in the strategic planni...

Alessandro Lambiase; Ernesto Mastrocinque; Salvatore Miranda; Alfredo Lambiase

2013-01-01

272

Electronic Commerce Research in Latest Decade: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a literature review and classification for electronic commerce research. The authors examined 4,948 articles listed in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) and 2,875 articles in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) published from 1999 to 2008. The results revealed that electronic commerce literature can be classified into seven categories: business and management; computer and information science; industrial engineering and operation research; engineering; econom...

Chien-Chang Chen; Chih-Chien Wang

2010-01-01

273

Melanoma of the Urinary Bladder: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

Background. Melanomas of the urinary bladder and urethra are rare. Aims. To review the literature on the disease. Methods. Various Internet databases were used to identify reported cases of the disease. Results. Less than 30 cases of primary melanoma of the urinary bladder and urethra have been reported in the literature and they have been associated with melanosis and commonly with metastases. The lesions may be primary or metastatic with no gender preference. The diagnostic features inclu...

Anthony Kodzo-Grey Venyo

2014-01-01

274

Religious affiliation and economic development: a recent literature review  

OpenAIRE

This article provides an overview of the recent literature relevant to the study of the relation between economics and religion. The paper also appeals to the critical review on the implications of religious markets and church-state relation. The study argues that economic development depress religiosity. Subsequent comments will be linked to a much more comprehensive literature on the social and economic consequences of religious beliefs.

Olimid, Anca Parmena

2010-01-01

275

Family Centered Approach: A literature the review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  Background and Aim: Family is the center and core of the care. Researchers who work with children with disabilities have shown that effective services are those that are focused on the role of families in treatment. The main aim of this study was an overview of family-centered approach (FCA.    Material and Method: This study is a review of the national and international databases between 1985 and 201 2 .    Result: Based on the exploration articles and documents, family-centered approach (FCA  has been advocated across a wide range of professions from health care (physician, nursing and midwifery, therapy services, early intervention, early childhood education, special and general education. The main essence of FCA includes parental involvement in decision making, collaboration and partnership, mutual respect (family and therapist, acceptance of the family’s choices, support, a focus on strengths, individualized and flexible service delivery, information sharing, and empowerment.    Conclusion: family-centered approach (FCA is effective, for children, parents, families, and the service provider. It enhances health care and increases family satisfaction of service delivery system. Perhaps because of the lack of sufficient knowledge and education about FCA, lack of educational materials and training in the medical model, there is limitation in implementation of FCA in Iran     Keywords: Family centered approach, Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy

Hamid Dalvand

2014-04-01

276

Nail psoriasis: a review of the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in f [...] eatures such as leukonychia, pitting (punctures or cupuliform depressions), red spots in the lunula and crumbling. Nail bed involvement, on the other hand, can cause onycholysis, salmon or oil-drop patches, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages. Nail disease causes aesthetic and functional impairment, and is indicative of more severe forms of psoriasis as well as of joint involvement. The treatment for nail psoriasis involves behavioral interventions, topical medications, or systemic therapy in case of extensive skin or joint involvement. This article presents a review of the main features of nail psoriasis, its clinical presentation, diagnostic and assessment methods, clinical repercussions, and of its available treatment options.

Karen Regina Rosso, Schons; Cristiane Faccin, Knob; Nádia, Murussi; André Avelino Costa, Beber; Walter, Neumaier; Odirlei André, Monticielo.

2014-04-01

277

Clinicopathological analysis of paraganglioma with literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the 152 cases of paragangliomas resected over the past 32 years in West China Hospital clinicopathologically.METHODS: All cases of paragangliomas diagnosed at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, China were reviewed. The pathological documents were supplied by the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, and other necessary data were extracted from the hospital records. The statistical analyses were performed by survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier method, descriptive statistical analyses and ?2 analysis.RESULTS: The neuroendocrine marker vimentin was found to be selectively expressed in the benign tumors, and there were significant differences in the expression of those markers in both benign and malignant tumors. The survival analysis revealed that survival correlated significantly with the malignancy, metastasis and nodal status.CONCLUSION: Vimentin may be useful in the differential diagnosis between malignant and benign tumors. The difference in the expression of this marker in the tumors could be a clue to the future clinical diagnosis. The malignancy, metastasis and the nodal status may predict the prognosis of this disease.

Ning Feng, Wen-Yan Zhang, Xiao-Ting Wu

2009-06-01

278

Violence against elderly: A review of literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aging population and increasing life expectancy are remarkable in the world and in Brazil, bringing implications in all areas of everyday life. However, the current context of violence that is evident is a security risk and loss of quality of life given the frailty of the physiological state and stigmas imposed by society to the elderly. This study aims to identify national and international scientific production on violence against older people, published in journals in the health’s area. It is a bibliometric review related to scientific production on the subject in 2002-2011 period, through the SciELO, LILACS and PubMed databases. After reading the summaries and subsequently the complete articles, were highlighted the study variables to be analyzed. The results were described and presented characterizing the professionals categories involved in authoring, the journals in which the articles were published, the place of publication, the focus of the thematic and trends that point. Concludes that it is important to stimulate scientific research on mistreatment of the elderly, in different regions of Brazil, as most publications awarded the southeast, restricting the prospects of regional differences related to the topic

Elenir de Araújo Lago

2014-09-01

279

Barrett's esophagus: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the premalignant lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) defined as specialized intestinal metaplasia of the tubular esophagus that results from chronic gastroesophageal reflux. Which patients are at risk of having BE and which are at further risk of developing EAC has yet to be fully established. Many aspects of the management of BE have changed considerably in the past 5 years alone. The aim of this review is to define the critical elements necessary to effectively manage individuals with BE. The general prevalence of BE is estimated at 1.6-3% and follows a demographic distribution similar to EAC. Both short-segment (long-segment (?3 cm) BE confer a significant risk for EAC that is increased by the development of dysplasia. The treatment for flat high-grade dysplasia is endoscopic radiofrequency ablation therapy. The benefits of ablation for non-dysplastic BE and BE with low-grade dysplasia have yet to be validated. By understanding the intricacies of the development, screening, surveillance, and treatment of BE, new insights will be gained into the prevention and early detection of EAC that may ultimately lead to a reduction in morbidity and mortality in this patient population. PMID:21461873

Gilbert, Erin W; Luna, Renato A; Harrison, Vincent L; Hunter, John G

2011-05-01

280

Cardiac veins: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cardiac veins have long stood in the shadow of their more extensively studied counterparts, the coronary arteries. The clinical importance of the coronary venous system, nonetheless, should not be underestimated. Intricate and beneficial therapeutic options are increasingly being developed that depend on knowledge of the structure of this venous network. Such interventions have been shown greatly to promote cardiac health, and to enhance the efficacy of cardiac pacing. A comprehensive appreciation of the architecture of the coronary venous system, therefore, is crucial to optimal cardiac care. It is possible to provide an overview of the arrangement of the cardiac veins, with the larger veins draining to the coronary sinus, and thence to the right atrium, but with smaller and minimal veins draining directly to the cavities of the atrial chambers. The venous pathways, nonetheless, are highly variable, making exceptions the commonly accepted rule. As such, unique solutions for imaging, and simple attentiveness to possible venous variations, can greatly enhance clinical outcomes. For example, identifying the diameter, course, and valves of the cardiac veins allows for anticipation of impediments during interventional procedures, and allows for informed clinical decision-making. Also of significance is awareness of alternate arrangements that may be encountered in terms of venous drainage, and the importance of intramural venous collecting spaces in these patterns. The objective of our review, therefore, is to explore and describe the anatomical distribution of the coronary veins. PMID:19097063

Loukas, Marios; Bilinsky, Samuel; Bilinsky, Esther; el-Sedfy, Abraham; Anderson, Robert H

2009-01-01

281

International experiences in nursing education: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Service learning and study abroad opportunities have become increasingly popular in nursing education in the past decade. The purpose of this systematic review was to explore existing literature concerning global health experiences in nursing education. Twenty-three empirical articles from 2003 to 2010 were reviewed, building upon existing reviews of international nursing education literature. Research on two-way exchange experiences and models for best practice were found to be lacking. While an array of countries were represented as the visiting or hosting side of the experience, few co-authors from host countries were found, particularly in literature originating from the U.S. The authors recommend that two-way exchange programs be evaluated to identify successful strategies and barriers to success. Ongoing evaluation of exchanges is necessary to ensure continued sustainable partnership and exchange in immersion experiences for nursing students. PMID:22628353

Kulbok, Pamela A; Mitchell, Emma M; Glick, Doris F; Greiner, Doris

2012-01-01

282

The paradox of imaging technology: A review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the social scientific literature associated with medical imaging technology. Methods: An extensive search of published studies in nursing, psychology and anthropology was undertaken to support the radiography specific literature. Results: Following a broad definition of technology and its profound influence on society, an analysis of imaging literature revealed a complex relationship between technology and human interactions. Examples are cited for CT, MRI and ultrasound. Conclusion: It is suggested that any attempt to understand imaging technology must place at its centre the perspectives of patients and radiographers. Scientific descriptors must be balanced with equal deliberation given to 'soft technology'

283

Strategic groups in health care: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to review the literature that discusses the relationship between strategic group membership and performance in the nursing home industry. This literature review examines the relationship between organizational structure and performance in the nursing home industry. Results from these studies suggest industry stability of segmentation; limitation of strategic choice due to high mobility barriers (as represented by facility, staffing and location variables); quality is controlled by the existing combinations of industry regulation and market competition; and the existence of performance differences among strategic groups. PMID:21840900

Perryman, Martha M; Rivers, Patrick A

2011-08-01

284

Engaging people who use drugs in policy and program development: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health policies and programs are increasingly being driven by people from the community to more effectively address their needs. While a large body of evidence supports peer engagement in the context of policy and program development for various populations, little is known about this form of engagement among people who use drugs (PWUD). Therefore, a narrative literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of this topic. Searches of PubMed and Academic Search Premier databases covering 1995-2010 were conducted to identify articles assessing peer engagement in policy and program development. In total, 19 articles were included for review. Our findings indicate that PWUD face many challenges that restrict their ability to engage with public health professionals and policy makers, including the high levels of stigma and discrimination that persist among this population. Although the literature shows that many international organizations are recommending the involvement of PWUD in policy and program development, our findings revealed a lack of published data on the implementation of these efforts. Gaps in the current evidence highlight the need for additional research to explore and document the engagement of PWUD in the areas of policy and program development. Further, efforts to minimize stigmatizing barriers associated with illicit drug use are urgently needed to improve the engagement of PWUD in decision making processes. PMID:23176382

Ti, Lianping; Tzemis, Despina; Buxton, Jane A

2012-01-01

285

Engaging people who use drugs in policy and program development: A review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Health policies and programs are increasingly being driven by people from the community to more effectively address their needs. While a large body of evidence supports peer engagement in the context of policy and program development for various populations, little is known about this form of engagement among people who use drugs (PWUD. Therefore, a narrative literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of this topic. Searches of PubMed and Academic Search Premier databases covering 1995–2010 were conducted to identify articles assessing peer engagement in policy and program development. In total, 19 articles were included for review. Our findings indicate that PWUD face many challenges that restrict their ability to engage with public health professionals and policy makers, including the high levels of stigma and discrimination that persist among this population. Although the literature shows that many international organizations are recommending the involvement of PWUD in policy and program development, our findings revealed a lack of published data on the implementation of these efforts. Gaps in the current evidence highlight the need for additional research to explore and document the engagement of PWUD in the areas of policy and program development. Further, efforts to minimize stigmatizing barriers associated with illicit drug use are urgently needed to improve the engagement of PWUD in decision making processes.

Ti Lianping

2012-11-01

286

Status of urological Kampo medicine: A narrative review and future vision.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical evidence for traditional Japanese Kampo medicine has been provided by modern scientific methodologies. Indeed, more than 150 Kampo formulations have been approved for use as prescription drugs by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan, and are widely used in daily medical practice. More than 10 of these formulations can be used for urological problems, especially in cases of lower urinary tract dysfunction. However, there are few opportunities to introduce urological Kampo medicines for worldwide use, and the status of urological Kampo medicine has not been reviewed yet. Here, we present a narrative review to introduce the current status of urological Kampo medicine in Japan. First, we introduce the essence of general Kampo medicine, including its history and current status in Japan. We focused of Sou-Sei-Sou-Koku, "promotion and inhibition network among the Five Elements," which is the central dogma of Kampo medicine. To present Kampo medicine as scientific medicine, neural cross-talk among pelvic organs is presented in comparison with Sou-Sei-Sou-Koku. Second, we list representative urological Kampo formulations used for lower urinary tract symptoms. Furthermore, we also discuss their roles in the urological field, including their position in Japanese clinical guidelines. Third, we propose the multi-organ targeting strategy using Kampo formulations as a future vision. Dai-Ken-Chu-Tou (a common Kampo formulation for gastrointestinal problems and hypersensitivity to cold) is one candidate, and we present the results of a preliminary study using this Kampo medicine formulation. PMID:25597936

Minagawa, Tomonori; Ishizuka, Osamu

2015-03-01

287

Early diagnosis of autism and impact on prognosis: a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Elisabeth Fernell,1 Mats Anders Eriksson,1,2 Christopher Gillberg11Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, SwedenAbstract: Autism spectrum disorders involve a set of clinical phenotypes that mirror an early onset of neurodevelopmental deviations, with core symptoms that can probably be related to a deficiency in the social instinct. Underlying the cognitive impairments there are physiological brain problems, caused by a large number of medical factors. This narrative review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses from the last 5 years (2008–2012 presents aspects from many areas in autism spectrum disorder research, with a particular focus on early intervention and the subsequent impact on prognosis. Other major areas discussed are epidemiology, early symptoms and screening, early diagnosis, neuropsychology, medical factors, and the existence of comorbidities. There is limited evidence that any of the broadband “early intervention” programs are effective in changing the natural long-term outcome for many individuals with an early diagnosis of autism. However, there is some evidence that Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI is an effective treatment for some children with ASD. Nevertheless, there is emerging consensus that early diagnosis and information are needed in order that an autism-friendly environment be “created” around affected individuals.Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, epidemiology, screening, etiology, intervention, outcome

Fernell E

2013-02-01

288

Literature search, review, and compilation of data for chemical and radiochemical sensors: Task 1 report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the next several decades, the US Department of Energy is expected to spend tens of billions of dollars in the characterization, cleanup, and monitoring of DOE's current and former installations that have various degrees of soil and groundwater contamination made up of both hazardous and mixed wastes. Each of these phases will require site surveys to determine type and quantity of hazardous and mixed wastes. It is generally recognized that these required survey and monitoring efforts cannot be performed using traditional chemistry methods based on laboratory evaluation of samples from the field. For that reason, a tremendous push during the past decade or so has been made on research and development of sensors. This report contains the results of an extensive literature search on sensors that are used or have applicability in environmental and waste management. While restricting the search to a relatively small part of the total chemistry spectrum, a sizable body of reference material is included. Results are presented in tabular form for general references obtained from data base searches, as narrative reviews of relevant chapters from proceedings, as book reviews, and as reviews of journal articles with particular relevance to the review. Four broad sensor types are covered: electrochemical processes, piezoelectric devices, fiber optics, and radiochemical processes. The topics of surface chemistry processes and biosensors are not treated separately because theors are not treated separately because they often are an adjunct to one of the four sensors listed. About 1,000 tabular entries are listed, including selected journal articles, reviews of conference/meeting proceedings, and books. Literature to about mid-1992 is covered

289

Literature search, review, and compilation of data for chemical and radiochemical sensors: Task 1 report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

During the next several decades, the US Department of Energy is expected to spend tens of billions of dollars in the characterization, cleanup, and monitoring of DOE`s current and former installations that have various degrees of soil and groundwater contamination made up of both hazardous and mixed wastes. Each of these phases will require site surveys to determine type and quantity of hazardous and mixed wastes. It is generally recognized that these required survey and monitoring efforts cannot be performed using traditional chemistry methods based on laboratory evaluation of samples from the field. For that reason, a tremendous push during the past decade or so has been made on research and development of sensors. This report contains the results of an extensive literature search on sensors that are used or have applicability in environmental and waste management. While restricting the search to a relatively small part of the total chemistry spectrum, a sizable body of reference material is included. Results are presented in tabular form for general references obtained from data base searches, as narrative reviews of relevant chapters from proceedings, as book reviews, and as reviews of journal articles with particular relevance to the review. Four broad sensor types are covered: electrochemical processes, piezoelectric devices, fiber optics, and radiochemical processes. The topics of surface chemistry processes and biosensors are not treated separately because they often are an adjunct to one of the four sensors listed. About 1,000 tabular entries are listed, including selected journal articles, reviews of conference/meeting proceedings, and books. Literature to about mid-1992 is covered.

NONE

1993-01-01

290

Embedded Academic Librarianship: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

Objectives – The purpose of this review is to examine the development of embedded librarianship, its multiple meanings, and activities in practice. The review will also report on published outcomes and future research needs of embedded librarian programs.Methods – A search of current literature was conducted and summarized searching PubMed, CINAHL, Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (EBSCO), Academic Search Complete, and ERIC (EBSCO) through August 23, 2012. Articles were...

Schulte, Stephanie J.

2012-01-01

291

Prehistoric tuberculosis in America: adding comments to a literature review  

OpenAIRE

Tuberculosis is a prehistoric American human disease. This paper reviews the literature and discusses hypotheses for origins and epidemiological patterns of prehistoric tuberculosis. From the last decades, 24 papers about prehistoric tuberculosis were published and 133 cases were reviewed. In South America most are isolated case studies, contrary to North America where more skeletal series were analyzed. Disease was usually located at the deserts of Chile and Peru, Central Plains in USA, and ...

Prat Jordi, Go?mez I.; Mf, Souza Sheila Mendonc?a

2003-01-01

292

Book review: The literature review: a step by step guide for students  

OpenAIRE

In this second edition of The Literature Review, Diana Ridley provides increased guidance on evaluating the quality of online sources, and discusses copyright and permissions issues alongside many cases and examples to demonstrate best practice. Ridley outlines practical strategies for conducting a systematic search of the available literature, reading and note taking and writing up a literature review as part of an undergraduate research project, Masters dissertation, or PhD thesis. Matthew ...

Wargent, Matthew

2013-01-01

293

Clinical librarianship: a systematic review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinical librarianship (CL), currently receiving renewed interest world-wide, seeks to provide quality-filtered information to health professionals at the point of need to support clinical decision-making. This review builds upon the work of Cimpl (Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 1985, 73, 21-8) and attempts to establish the evidence base for CL. The objectives were to determine, from the literature, whether CL services are used by clinicians, have an effect on patient care, and/or clinicians' use of literature in practice and/or are cost-effective. The methodology used was a systematic review of the literature, following, where possible, the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) framework. Modifications to this methodology included the resources searched, and the critical appraisal checklist (CriSTAL) used. Two hundred and eighty-four unique references were retrieved. Seventeen (16 unique) evaluative and a further 33 descriptive studies met the inclusion criteria. The quality of reporting of the literature was generally poor. CL programmes appear to be well-used and received by clinicians. However, there is insufficient evidence available on their effect on patient care, clinicians' use of literature in practice, and their cost-effectiveness, thus highlighting the need for further high-quality research. PMID:12757432

Winning, M A; Beverley, C A

2003-06-01

294

Female Coaches and Job Stress: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior studies on job satisfaction for females in the coaching profession have indicated many specific factors that can lead to job transfers, attrition, or burnout. This article reviews empirically-based studies from the extant literature that sheds some light on these critical concerns in the field. The focus is on the central issues of problems…

Bradford, Shelley H.; Keshock, Christopher M.

2009-01-01

295

Teenage Pregnancy and Motherhood: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

The literature is reviewed in terms of medical studies: who becomes pregnant, teenagers who choose to abort, psychological considerations, contraceptive utilization, attitudes of male adolescents, and the children of adolescents. The effectiveness of special programs for pregnant adolescents and their offspring and implications for policy and…

Phipps-Yonas, Susan

1980-01-01

296

Complete penoscrotal transposition: case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Penoscrotal transposition is a rare congenital abnormality. We report a case presenting prenatally with ambiguous genitalia and renal anomaly on obstetric ultrasound and fetal MRI and discuss the postnatal examination and autopsy findings. We present a review of the literature, including associated gene abnormalities. PMID:25115217

Sexton, Philippa; Thomas, Joseph T; Petersen, Scott; Brown, Nicole; Arms, Jane E; Bryan, Jenny; Harraway, James; Gardener, Glenn

2015-01-01

297

Familial renal retroperitoneal lymphangiomatosis: personal experience and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lymphangiomatosis of the kidneys and perirenal-retroperitoneal tissues is a rare disease of unknown etiology. We present two cases affecting members of the same family, supporting the familial nature of the disease. The natural history and related urological and systematic complications of the disease during a long-term follow-up are highlighted, while a comprehensive literature review is presented. PMID:21179986

Antonopoulos, P; Charalampopoulos, G; Constantinidis, F; Tavernaraki, K; Skolarikos, A

2010-01-01

298

Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis: a case report and review of literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english Endocarditis due to Bacteroides fragilis is a rare disorder. This article describes a case of Bacteroides fragilis endocarditis associated with portal and superior mesenteric venous thrombosis in a patient without preexisting valvular heart disease and review the cases of endocarditis due to this an [...] aerobic bacterium in medical literature since 1980.

Cristhieni, Rodrigues; Rinaldo Focaccia, Siciliano; Rogerio, Zeigler; Tania Mara Varejão, Strabelli.

2012-02-01

299

Factors Influencing Technology Planning in Developing Countries: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a literature review concerning the factors that play an important role in the development of educational technology plans in the educational system of developing countries (DCs). Largely, the technology plans are influenced by factors that emanates from within the country (internal) and those outside of their borders (external).…

Keengwe, Jared; Malapile, Sandy

2014-01-01

300

Methodology: Reference Manager Database - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

A Reference Manager 10.0 database for this literature search and review was created to ensure that all of the references from the search strings were tracked through all phases, from identification to article retrieval to evaluation, in an efficient manner. Reference Manager is a commercially available citation management system that allows some customization of database fields.

301

Preschool Teacher Well-Being: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Much is changing in preschool education. Current reform primarily emphasizes standardized practice, academic outcomes, and accountability. Little attention has been given to how these changes are impacting the well-being of teachers. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current literature on preschool teacher well-being and identify…

Hall-Kenyon, Kendra M.; Bullough, Robert V.; MacKay, Kathryn Lake; Marshall, Esther E.

2014-01-01

302

Children with Autism and Their Families: A Literature Review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review offers a historical perspective on autism and its causes, examines family life cycles and experiences, summarizes research on stress and coping strategies, and gives particular attention to the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism and their families. (Author/JDD)

Fong, Layne; Wilgosh, Lorraine

1992-01-01

303

Geminated tooth : case report and review of literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A review of literature is presented about gemination. The case expounded has been of a female patient 8 years of age, with a geminated maxillary temporal canine, asymptomatic and without treatment. Topics such as definitions, clinical and radiographic characteristics, complications and treatment in the gemination are focussed

304

Qualitative Analysis Techniques for the Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, we provide a framework for analyzing and interpreting sources that inform a literature review or, as it is more aptly called, a research synthesis. Specifically, using Leech and Onwuegbuzie's (2007, 2008) frameworks, we delineate how the following four major source types inform research syntheses: talk, observations,…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.

2012-01-01

305

Effectiveness of spa treatment of osteoarthritis. Review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a review of the available current literature aiming to present the current knowledge of the efficacy of spa treatment. Individual papers are analysed in terms of their scientific reliability and compliance with the principles of evidence-based medicine. The analysis has been performed on the basis of Sackett's criteria for levels of evidence. PMID:20453250

Bia?oszewski, Dariusz; Wasiluk, Kamila

2010-01-01

306

Hypersensitivity to laminaria: a case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of laminaria hypersensitivity treated with diphenhydramine and corticosteroids. A literature review identified 10 previously reported cases, with 8 recognized as anaphylaxis, and good outcomes with corticosteroids and antihistamines despite limited epinephrine utilization. Laminaria hypersensitivity is likely IgE mediated with an increased anaphylaxis risk with prior exposure. PMID:25595541

Sierra, Tania; Figueroa, Melissa M; Chen, Katherine T; Lunde, Britt; Jacobs, Adam

2015-04-01

307

Early Childhood Discipline: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

In this literature review concerning early childhood discipline we particularly highlight American children's discipline with respect to historical perspectives, generational theories, gender issues, parental styles, methods of discipline, and corporal punishment. We also address corporal punishment's history, the debate among experts, beliefs and…

Firmin, Michael W.; Castle, Sally L.

2008-01-01

308

Overconfidence in Psychology and Finance – an Interdisciplinary Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

This paper reviews the literature on one of the most meaningful concepts in modern behavioural finance, the overconfidence phenomenon. Overconfidence is presented as a well-developed psychological theory, with main facets comprising miscalibration, betterthan- average effect, illusion of control and unrealistic optimism. The primary applications of overconfidence in contemporary finance are analysed, from the perspective of financial markets and corporate behaviour. ...

Skala, Dorota

2008-01-01

309

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

310

Neonatal Molluscum contagiosum: five new cases and a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Congenital or neonatal Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is an unusual infection, barely reported in the literature. In these patients a mechanism of transmission that is neither via contact or sexual transmission should be considered. We describe five cases of neonatal MC and review the cases already published to discuss the possible aetiopathogenic mechanism. PMID:24344837

Berbegal-Degracia, Laura; Betlloch-Mas, Isabel; Deleon-Marrero, Francisco-José; Martinez-Miravete, M Teresa; Miralles-Botella, Julia

2013-12-18

311

Review of the Literature on Information Skills Instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

In information skills instruction, changing from lecture-based to resource-based instruction requires not only recognition of its value but also a strong will to implement new methods (Loertscher, 1988). Based on this review of the literature, teachers seem not to be fully aware of the value of this change. It seems that teachers are uncertain…

Hara, Katsuko

2006-01-01

312

Ectopic meningioma: a case report with a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ectopic (extradural) meningiomas that do not originate from either the optic fascicle or the intracranial meninges are exceedingly rare. A patient with an ectopic meningioma in the external auditory canal and mastoid was treated in our unit. The world literature of the last 20 years was reviewed. PMID:16408238

Kumar, G; Basu, S; Sen, P; Kamal, S A; Jiskoot, P M S

2006-05-01

313

Job Satisfaction of Academic Librarians: A Review of Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review on job satisfaction of academic librarians is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the conceptual framework which includes two theoretical approaches to job satisfaction. These theories include Maslow's Needs Hierarchy Theory and Herzberg's Two-Factor (Motivation/Hygiene) Theory. Criticisms of these…

Mirfakhrai, Mohammad H.

314

Motivation to Transfer Training: An Integrative Literature Review  

Science.gov (United States)

Motivation to transfer is essential for the transfer of training. Without motivation, newly acquired knowledge and skills will not be applied at work. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to summarize, critique, and synthesize past transfer motivation research and to offer directions for future investigations. First, seven…

Gegenfurtner, Andreas; Veermans, Koen; Festner, Dagmar; Gruber, Hans

2009-01-01

315

Ethical Business Cultures: A Literature Review and Implications for HRD  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review identifies characteristics of ethical business cultures, describes factors, considered to be important in developing such cultures, describes current practices of developing ethical culture programs, and discusses the role of HRD in developing ethical business cultures. We argue that ethical thinking and behavior can be…

Ardichvili, Alexandre; Jondle, Douglas

2009-01-01

316

The Literature Review: Six Steps to Success. Second Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This new edition of the best-selling book offers graduate students in education and the social sciences a road map to developing and writing an effective literature review for a research project, thesis, or dissertation. Organized around a proven six-step model and incorporating technology into all of the steps, the book provides examples,…

Machi, Lawrence A.; McEvoy, Brenda T.

2012-01-01

317

Depression in Down Syndrome: A Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Depression has been frequently reported in individuals with Down Syndrome (DS). The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive, critical review of the clinically relevant literature concerning depression in DS, with a focus on epidemiology, potential risk factors, diagnosis, course characteristics and treatment. Methods: We…

Walker, J. C.; Dosen, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Janzing, J. G. E.

2011-01-01

318

Managing Older Worker Training: A Literature Review and Conceptual Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reviews literature on educational gerontology, adult education, and training and identifies factors that may encourage or discourage older workers from participation in training. Previous research has emphasized models based on either motivation or deterrent factors. This article offers a unique exploratory model combining five…

Liu, Su-Fen; Courtenay, Bradley C.; Valentine, Thomas

2011-01-01

319

Tracheobronchomegaly - a case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present report describes a case of tracheobronchomegaly in a 39-year-old patient with recurrent lower respiratory tract infection, chronic hoarse cough and dyspnoea. radiologic examinations showed market dilatation of the trachea and main bronchi and bronchiecstasy. The authors list characteristic aspects in computed tomography and review the literature. (author)

320

Role modeling in undergraduate nursing education: an integrative literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The transition of nursing education from the hospital setting to the university sector over recent decades has opened dialog about who is guiding the development of nursing students' professional identity. In addition, there is ongoing debate over real or perceived gaps between nursing student learning in the university and the clinical area, how this translates into professional behaviors and how well students make the transition between the two settings. This paper presents the findings of an integrative literature review into the topic of role modeling in undergraduate nursing education. This review was conducted to identify and appraise research findings about role modeling of professional behaviors for undergraduate nursing students. Literature reviewed from 2000 onwards assesses what is currently known about role modeling of undergraduate nursing students. A systematic search of the databases of CINAHL, Scopus and PubMed from 2000 onwards resulted in the selection of 33 articles for deeper analysis. Two clear themes emerged from the literature, the first relating to nurse clinicians as role models for students during clinical placements and the second relating to nurse academics as role models in the academic setting. Findings from this integrative literature review show an imbalance in the recognition of the role modeling of professional behaviors in the clinical versus the academic setting. Nurses in academic settings have more contact with the students over their period of study and as such, the significance of nurse academics as student role models requires further investigation. PMID:24411579

Baldwin, Adele; Mills, Jane; Birks, Melanie; Budden, Lea

2014-06-01

321

/ Dyskeratosis congenita: Report of a case with literature review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Leukoplakic lesion is not uncommon in clinical practice but its occurrence as a component of a syndrome is rare. Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare genodermatosis, which is characterized by triad of skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakic lesion in the oral cavity. It is important for dentis [...] ts to now about Dyskeratosis Congenita because these leukoplakic lesions can spontaneously undergo malignant transformation. Majority of cases have been reported in dermatology or pediatrics literature whereas only few reports have appeared in dental literature. The purpose of reporting this case with review of recent literature is to create better awareness among dentists about the multisystem manifestations and oro-dental abnormalities of this fatal condition that can aid clinicians in early diagnosis. A case of 26 year old male is reported with details of differential diagnosis, importance of hematological investigations, periodic biopsies and current concepts in management of such patients are briefly reviewed.

Ajit, Auluck.

2007-09-01

322

Supplier Development Literature Review and Key Future Research Areas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to develop a Supplier Development (SD literature framework and identify the main focus areas in SD research. To this end, a comprehensive review of the existing SD academic literature has been undertaken, which includes 62 research papers. These papers are classified according to their research content and the research methodology employed. A comprehensive list of future research areas is also presented. Thus, this paper will also briefly explore proposed future research. The review of the SD literature presented here identifies the following main areas of focus: Supplier Development Activities, Practices and Success Factors; Direct or Indirect Supplier Development; Supplier Development as a Reactive or Strategic Process; Supplier Development in a Lean Six Sigma & SME context.

Muddassir Ahmed

2012-10-01

323

Cold and compression in the management of musculoskeletal injuries and orthopedic operative procedures: a narrative review  

OpenAIRE

Jon E BlockJon E Block, PhD., Incorporated, San Francisco, CA, USAAbstract: Cold and compression are routinely applied immediately after acute injury or ­following surgery to alleviate pain, reduce swelling and speed functional recovery. The objective of this literature review is to describe the published clinical findings regarding combined cold and compression therapy in the management of musculoskeletal injuries and after orthopedic operative procedures. Of 33 potential articles tr...

Block, Jon E.

2010-01-01

324

Diagnostic imaging for spinal disorders in the elderly: a narrative review  

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Full Text Available Abstract The high prevalence of neck and low back pain in the rapidly aging population is associated with significant increases in health care expenditure. While spinal imaging can be useful to identify less common causes of neck and back pain, overuse and misuse of imaging services has been widely reported. This narrative review aims to provide primary care providers with an overview of available imaging studies with associated potential benefits, adverse effects, and costs for the evaluation of neck and back pain disorders in the elderly population. While the prevalence of arthritis and degenerative disc disease increase with age, fracture, infection, and tumor remain uncommon. Prevalence of other conditions such as spinal stenosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA also increase with age and demand special considerations. Radiography of the lumbar spine is not recommended for the early management of non-specific low back pain in adults under the age of 65. Aside from conventional radiography for suspected fracture or arthritis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and computed tomography (CT offer better characterization of most musculoskeletal diseases. If available, MRI is usually preferred over CT because it involves less radiation exposure and has better soft-tissue visualization. Use of subspecialty radiologists to interpret diagnostic imaging studies is recommended.

Taylor John AM

2012-05-01

325

Diagnostic imaging for spinal disorders in the elderly: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The high prevalence of neck and low back pain in the rapidly aging population is associated with significant increases in health care expenditure. While spinal imaging can be useful to identify less common causes of neck and back pain, overuse and misuse of imaging services has been widely reported. This narrative review aims to provide primary care providers with an overview of available imaging studies with associated potential benefits, adverse effects, and costs for the evaluation of neck and back pain disorders in the elderly population. While the prevalence of arthritis and degenerative disc disease increase with age, fracture, infection, and tumor remain uncommon. Prevalence of other conditions such as spinal stenosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) also increase with age and demand special considerations. Radiography of the lumbar spine is not recommended for the early management of non-specific low back pain in adults under the age of 65. Aside from conventional radiography for suspected fracture or arthritis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) offer better characterization of most musculoskeletal diseases. If available, MRI is usually preferred over CT because it involves less radiation exposure and has better soft-tissue visualization. Use of subspecialty radiologists to interpret diagnostic imaging studies is recommended. PMID:22625868

Taylor, John Am; Bussières, André

2012-01-01

326

The relationship between organizational culture and implementation of clinical practice guidelines: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The context in which critical care providers work has been shown to be associated with adherence to recommendations of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Consideration of contextual factors such as organizational culture may therefore be important when implementing guidelines. Organizational culture has been defined simply as "how things are around here" and encompasses leadership, communication, teamwork, conflict resolution, and other domains. This narrative review highlights the results of recent quantitative and qualitative studies, including studies on adherence to nutrition guidelines in the critical care setting, which demonstrate that elements of organizational culture, such as leadership support, interprofessional collaboration, and shared beliefs about the utility of guidelines, influence adherence to guideline recommendations. Outside nutrition therapy, there is emerging evidence that strategies focusing on organizational change (eg, revision of professional roles, interdisciplinary teams, integrated care delivery, computer systems, and continuous quality improvement) can favorably influence professional performance and patient outcomes. Consequently, future interventions aimed at implementing nutrition guidelines should aim to measure and take into account organizational culture, in addition to considering the characteristics of the patient, provider, and guideline. Further high quality, multimethod studies are required to improve our understanding of how culture influences guideline implementation, and which organizational change strategies might be most effective in optimizing nutrition therapy. PMID:21097767

Dodek, Peter; Cahill, Naomi E; Heyland, Daren K

2010-01-01

327

The complex interaction between obesity, metabolic syndrome and reproductive axis: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this narrative review is to provide current evidence for the interaction between obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS) and reproductive axis. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulses and, consequently, normal function of reproductive (hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal) axis depend on normal energy balance, which presupposes sufficient food intake, reasonable energy consumption and average thermoregulatory costs. In case of an energy imbalance, reproductive dysfunction may occur. In young women, excessive leanness is accompanied by puberty delay, whereas premature puberty might be a manifestation of obesity. In a similar way, obesity in men affects fertility. Excess adipose tissue results in increased conversion of testosterone to estradiol, which may lead to secondary hypogonadism through reproductive axis suppression. Moreover, oxidative stress at the level of the testicular micro-environment may result in decreased spermatogenesis and sperm damage. Products of the adipocyte, such as leptin, adiponectin and resistin, and gut peptides, such as ghrelin, are considered to be crucial in the interaction between energy balance and reproduction. Finally, an indirect evidence for the interplay between MS and reproductive axis is the fact that when treating components of one, parameters of the other can be improved as well. These therapeutic interventions include lifestyle modifications, pharmacological agents, such as sex hormone replacement therapy, and surgical procedures. Although many issues remain unclear, the elucidation of the complex interaction between MS and reproductive axis will have obvious clinical implications in the therapeutic approach of both entities. PMID:22999785

Michalakis, Konstantinos; Mintziori, Gesthimani; Kaprara, Athina; Tarlatzis, Basil C; Goulis, Dimitrios G

2013-04-01

328

A Systematic Review of Sexual Health Interventions for Adults: Narrative Evidence.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent work has explored the intersection between sexual health (as construed by the World Health Organization and others) and public health domains of action in the United States of America. This article reports the narrative results of a systematic review of sexual health intervention effects on public health-relevant outcomes. To qualify, interventions had to be based on the principles (1) that sexual health is intrinsic to individuals and their overall health and (2) that relationships reflecting sexual health must be positive for all parties concerned. Outcomes were classed in domains: knowledge, attitudes, communication, health care use, sexual behavior, and adverse events. We summarized data from 58 studies (English language, adult populations, 1996-2011) by population (adults, parents, sexual minorities, vulnerable populations) across domains. Interventions were predominantly individual and small-group designs that addressed sexual behaviors (72%) and attitudes/norms (55%). They yielded positive effects in that 98% reported a positive finding in at least one domain; 50% also reported null effects. The most consistently positive effects on behaviors and adverse events were found for sexual minorities, vulnerable populations, and parental communication. Whether via direct action or through partnerships, incorporating principles from existing sexual health definitions in public health efforts may help improve sexual health. PMID:25406027

Hogben, Matthew; Ford, Jessie; Becasen, Jeffrey S; Brown, Kathryn F

2014-11-18

329

Sexuality, Antisocial Behavior, Aggressiveness, and Victimization in Juvenile Sexual Offenders: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present review focuses on six factors that have been addressed in the literature about juvenile sexual offenders: general delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, aggressiveness and psychopathology, sexuality, sexual deviance, and victimization experiences. Empirical findings are characterized by great heterogeneity. Due to a lack of standardized assessment and because of different study groups they rarely facilitate direct comparisons. In an endeavor to clarify this vast heterogeneity, the purpose of this overview is to enlighten actual findings about these factors and on the role that has been assigned to them in the literature. Special attention is paid to comparison studies. A detailed description of the studies in tables2 allows for an overview of the results and an evaluation with respect to sample size, instruments, and type of study groups. The overview does not claim completeness; it is a narrative, none-systematic review3. In summary the review showed that in most cases, juvenile sexual offending cannot be understood as an expression of more general juvenile delinquency and - in contrast to other groups of juvenile delinquents - the sexual offenders report less non-sexual delinquent behavior. Alcohol and drug abuse have been reported less often as well, but they might play a more important role as situational factors. Externalizing problems apears more often in juvenile sexual offenders with peer/adult victims who are also non-sexually delinquent. Regarding sexuality, some studies indicate that juvenile sexual offenders are impaired in their sexual development, but they were rarely described as sexually isolated. Sexual deviance has been considered a risk factor for juvenile sexual offending, but the assessment of sexual deviance in juveniles has proven difficult. The prevalence of victimization experiences varies substantially and possible connections to sexual offending have proven complex. The interpretation of the results of most studies is compromised by a lack of data about non-delinquent juveniles. The review closes with explanations why some of the illustrated results vary substantially.

Wiebke Driemeyer

2011-06-01

330

Integrative Literature Review: Methods in Identifying Exemplary Performance--A Review of the Literature and Implications for HRD  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review provides an analysis of relevant ASTD (American Society for Training & Development) competency studies in Workplace Learning and Performance (WLP) and other research findings related to the methodology used in identifying exemplary and average performers. These findings helped create the research model and methods used in…

Smith, Terri Freeman

2008-01-01

331

How quality affects the bottom line?: A literature review How quality affects the bottom line?: A literature review How quality affects the bottom line?: A literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Improving quality is one of the tools that companies have to improve or maintain their market position. However, despite the large number of papers published, a clear conclusion of the impact of ISO9000 standards on business results has yet to be reached, given there are many conflicting opinions. Thus, the aim of this paper is to review the literature on some of the many published research papers, seeking some way to analyse the existing relationship between the implementation of systems of quality management, ISO9000 certification, quality costs, results, and their effect on company performance.Improving quality is one of the tools that companies have to improve or maintain their market position. However, despite the large number of papers published, a clear conclusion of the impact of ISO9000 standards on business results has yet to be reached, given there are many conflicting opinions. Thus, the aim of this paper is to review the literature on some of the many published research papers, seeking some way to analyse the existing relationship between the implementation of systems of quality management, ISO9000 certification, quality costs, results, and their effect on company performance.Improving quality is one of the tools that companies have to improve or maintain their market position. However, despite the large number of papers published, a clear conclusion of the impact of ISO9000 standards on business results has yet to be reached, given there are many conflicting opinions. Thus, the aim of this paper is to review the literature on some of the many published research papers, seeking some way to analyse the existing relationship between the implementation of systems of quality management, ISO9000 certification, quality costs, results, and their effect on company performance.

Maria do Rosário Fernandes-Justino

2010-10-01

332

Is there an association between low dose aspirin and anemia (without overt bleeding?: narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Overt bleeding associated with low dose aspirin (LDA is well-recognized, little attention is given to the possibility of association between LDA and occult bleeding, although this is known to occur in healthy volunteers. LDA is used increasingly in primary and secondary prevention of a number of medical conditions, many of which are common in older people, as is anemia. Anemia in older people is associated with adverse outcomes including disability, morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to review the evidence that LDA might cause anemia without overt bleeding. Methods An extensive narrative review was carried out. Electronic searching (including database links and reference lists of reports were used to identify studies reporting on use of aspirin ?325 mg/day and anemia or change in hemoglobin (Hb without overt bleeding. Data were extracted from reports of trials, adverse drug reactions (ADRs and prevalence studies of adults aged ?18 years, published since 1980. Results There are few relevant data, with considerable heterogeneity among trial designs, duration, and patient characteristics in studies of LDA. In five randomised trials (n = 5879 in (mostly secondary prevention, the majority of patients were men without peptic ulcer disease aged 50-70 years and no consistent association between LDA and change in Hb was found. In two smaller studies (n = 609 of primary prevention in healthy patients aged ?70 years, there was a small but statistically significant fall in Hb with LDA. Observational studies, and data from trials in which use of LDA was not a primary focus of the study, were inconclusive. Conclusions It is not clear whether there is an association between LDA and anemia in the absence of overt bleeding, but there may be an association between LDA and fall in Hb in (a subset of older patients. The available evidence has significant limitations, which are discussed; studies including more older patients, and publication of individual patient data, would help clarify this important matter.

Derry Sheena

2010-09-01

333

Improving access to psychosocial interventions for common mental health problems in the United Kingdom: narrative review and development of a conceptual model for complex interventions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the United Kingdom and worldwide, there is significant policy interest in improving the quality of care for patients with mental health disorders and distress. Improving quality of care means addressing not only the effectiveness of interventions but also the issue of limited access to care. Research to date into improving access to mental health care has not been strongly rooted within a conceptual model, nor has it systematically identified the different elements of the patient journey from identification of illness to receipt of care. This paper set out to review core concepts underlying patient access to mental health care, synthesise these to develop a conceptual model of access, and consider the implications of the model for the development and evaluation of interventions for groups with poor access to mental health care such as older people and ethnic minorities. Methods Narrative review of the literature to identify concepts underlying patient access to mental health care, and synthesis into a conceptual model to support the delivery and evaluation of complex interventions to improve access to mental health care. Results The narrative review adopted a process model of access to care, incorporating interventions at three levels. The levels comprise (a community engagement (b addressing the quality of interactions in primary care and (c the development and delivery of tailored psychosocial interventions. Conclusions The model we propose can form the basis for the development and evaluation of complex interventions in access to mental health care. We highlight the key methodological challenges in evaluating the overall impact of access interventions, and assessing the relative contribution of the different elements of the model.

Gask Linda

2012-08-01

334

The experience of living with chronic heart failure: a narrative review of qualitative studies  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic heart failure (CHF is the leading cause of all hospitalisations and readmissions in older people, accounting for a large proportion of developed countries' national health care expenditure. CHF can severely affect people's quality of life by reducing their independence and ability to undertake certain activities of daily living, as well as affecting their psychosocial and economic capacity. This paper reports the findings of a systematic narrative review of qualitative studies concerning people's experience of living with CHF, aiming to develop a wide-ranging understanding of what is known about the patient experience. Methods We searched eight relevant electronic databases using the terms based on the diagnosis of 'chronic heart failure', 'heart failure' and 'congestive heart failure' and qualitative methods, with restrictions to the years 1990-May 2008. We also used snowballing, hand searching and the expert knowledge of the research team to ensure all relevant papers were included in the review. Of 65 papers collected less than half (n = 30 were found relevant for this review. These papers were subsequently summarised and entered into QSR NVivo7 for data management and analysis. Results The review has identified the most prominent impacts of CHF on a person's everyday life including social isolation, living in fear and losing a sense of control. It has also identified common strategies through which patients with CHF manage their illness such as sharing experiences and burdens with others and being flexible to changing circumstances. Finally, there are multiple factors that commonly impact on patients' self care and self-management in the disease trajectory including knowledge, understanding and health service encounters. These health service encounters encompass access, continuity and quality of care, co-morbid conditions, and personal relationships. Conclusions The core and sub-concepts identified within this study provide health professionals, service providers, policy makers and educators with broad insights into common elements of people's experiences of CHF and potential options for improving their health and wellbeing. Future studies should focus on building a comprehensive picture of CHF through examination of differences between genders, and differences within age groups, socioeconomic groups and cultural groups.

Jowsey Tanisha

2010-03-01

335

A pilot study of adaptation of the transtheoretical model to narratives of bereaved family members in the bereavement life review.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to examine the possibility of adaptation of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to narratives from the Bereavement Life Review. Narratives from 19 bereaved family members were recorded, transcribed into sentences, and allocated into stages based on the TTM criteria. Those who lived in fantasy were allocated to the precontemplation stage and who recognized the patient's death but could not adjust to the death were allocated to the contemplation stage. Those who understood the need for changes and had new plans were allocated to the preparation stage, and those who were coping were allocated to the action stage, and those who had confidence to remember the loved one who died were allocated to the maintenance stage. These results provide deeper understanding of a bereaved family member and suggest that a different intervention method may be useful in each stage. PMID:23689366

Ando, Michiyo; Tsuda, Akira; Morita, Tatsuya; Miyashita, Mitsunori; Sanjo, Makiko; Shima, Yasuo

2014-06-01

336

Cigarette ignition of soft furnishings: A literature review with commentary  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature pertinent to the ignition by smoldering cigarettes of upholstered furniture and mattresses (soft furnishings) was searched through early 1986. This included literature on the smoldering behavior of cigarettes in air; their behavior on a variety of substrates simulating soft furnishings; mechanism of smoldering in substrates; relative cigarette ignition resistance of substrates; and relative propensity of commercial cigarette packings to ignite substrates. According to the reviewed literature, the smoldering behavior of cigarettes on substrates differs from that of cigarettes burning in air: on substrates, cigarette temperatures tend to be lower, and burning rates slower. These differences seem to be larger for substrates which ignite than for those which self-extinguish after the cigarette burns out. The characteristics of soft furnishings which insure resistance to cigarette ignition have been established, but those of cigarettes with low propensity to ignite furnishings have not. No mathematical model has been reported for the interaction of cigarette and substrate, but some empirical data do exist.

Krasny, John F.

1987-04-01

337

Self-Medication Practice with Nonprescription Medication among University Students: a review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Objective: To review the literature relating to self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudents.Methods: A narrative review of studies on self-medicationpractice with nonprescription medication among universitystudent was performed. An extensive literature search wasundertaken using indexing services available at UniversitiSains Malaysia (USM library. The following keywords wereused for the search: self-care, self-medication, over-thecountermedicine, nonprescription medicine, minor illnesses,minor ailment, university population and communitypharmacy. Electronic databases searched were Science Direct,Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Inside Web, JSTOR, SpringerLink, Proquest, Ebsco Host and Google Scholar. Theseelectronic databases were searched for full text paperspublished in English.Results: Eleven studies were identified. In general, the reviewhas shown that self-medication practice with nonprescriptionmedication highly prevalence among university students. Thereasons for self-medication are vary among this populationand the main symptoms leading to self-medication areheadache or minor pain; fever, flu, cough, or cold; anddiarrhoea.The common medication is analgesic, antipyreticproducts, cough and cold remedies, anti allergy andvitamins or minerals. The sources of the medicines arepharmacy, home medicine cabinet, supermarket/shopand other person such as family, friend, neighbours andclassmates. The sources of drug information are familymember, previous experience, pharmacy salesman,doctor or nurse, advertisement and others. The reviewalso has shown that the self-medication practice couldhave many problems.Conclusions: The review provides insights about theself-medication practices among the university students.These practices were highly prevalence among universitystudents. The symptoms leading to self-medication arevary, thus the medication used and the medicationsources. It needs an adequate drug information andappropriate pharmaceutical care in self-medicationpractice appropriately among university student. Furtherstudy looking into the self-medication related problemsassociated with non-prescription products is needed.

Dedy Almasdy

2011-09-01

338

A Literature Review on Organizational Commitment – A Comprehensive Summary  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper encapsulates the evolution of the concept of organizational commitment, and its constructs. It focuses and analyses the literature findings of organizational commitments over the last five decades. It categorizes the approaches into six broad eras, each era being an extension and modification over the preceding ones. This review paper brings to the fore the theories that have emerged in the body of knowledge regarding commitment in organizations in a chronological order, starting from the side bet theory to the more recent multiple commitment approach. The gaps in the theories proposed have been identified and reviewed critically. It is difficult to conceptualize and measure organizational commitment as it encompasses a vast and highly diverse body of knowledge. Due to this it becomes difficult to interpret and conclude from the existing bodies of literature. The paper also highlights the importance of recognizing the individual/employee?s perspective towards organizational commitment.

Sayani Ghosh

2014-12-01

339

Single-cone obturation technique: a literature review  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The technique of single-cone obturation is a technique that uses only the master cone. There have been an increase in its use, especially by employing larger cones with larger taper sizes that best match the geometry of rotary nickel-titanium systems (NiTi, not requiring the use of accessory cones, thus reducing the time spent in endodontic obturation. Objective: To review the literature on this technique and to compare it with other existing techniques, as well as to elucidate its advantages and disadvantages. Literature review: The single-cone obturation technique enables an easier and faster endodontic obturation. However, regarding to the aspects such as the obturation quality, apical microleakage and bacterial penetration, this technique is similar to or lower than others. Conclusion: This technique has the advantage of saving time during the filling of the root canal. However, further studies are necessary to evaluate its prognosis, especially in canals with complex anatomy.

Lidiane de Castro Pinto

2012-12-01

340

Synovial chondrosarcoma: Report of two cases and literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Synovial chondrosarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor that can arise from a previous synovial chondromatosis or as de novo tumor. The clinical and radiological findings of this malignancy are very similar to those of aggressive synovial chondromatosis. Confusion with other joint pathologies makes the diagnosis of synovial chondrosarcoma difficult in most of the cases. We present one recently diagnosed and treated case of synovial chondrosarcoma. The review of our hospital database revealed one more similar case. In both cases the malignancy arose from a pre-existing synovial chondromatosis. We also present a literature review emphasizing the clinical and histological findings of this rare entity.

Zamora, E.E. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital Dr. R.A Calderon Guardia, Universidad De Costa Rica, P.O. Box 628-3000, Heredia (Costa Rica); Musculoskeletal Oncology Department, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Mansor, A. [Musculoskeletal Oncology Department, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 59100 (Malaysia); Vanel, D. [Musculoskeletal Oncology Research Center, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: dvanel@ior.it; Errani, C.; Mercuri, M. [Musculoskeletal Oncology Department, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Picci, P. [Musculoskeletal Oncology Research Center, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Alberghini, M. [Musculoskeletal Anatomical Pathology Department, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136 Bologna (Italy)

2009-10-15

341

Synovial chondrosarcoma: Report of two cases and literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Synovial chondrosarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor that can arise from a previous synovial chondromatosis or as de novo tumor. The clinical and radiological findings of this malignancy are very similar to those of aggressive synovial chondromatosis. Confusion with other joint pathologies makes the diagnosis of synovial chondrosarcoma difficult in most of the cases. We present one recently diagnosed and treated case of synovial chondrosarcoma. The review of our hospital database revealed one more similar case. In both cases the malignancy arose from a pre-existing synovial chondromatosis. We also present a literature review emphasizing the clinical and histological findings of this rare entity.

342

Moral distress experienced by nurses: A quantitative literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Nurses are frequently confronted with ethical dilemmas in their nursing practice. As a consequence, nurses report experiencing moral distress. The aim of this review was to synthesize the available quantitative evidence in the literature on moral distress experienced by nurses. We appraised 19 articles published between January 1984 and December 2011. This review revealed that many nurses experience moral distress associated with difficult care situations and feel burnout, which can have an impact on their professional position. Further research is required to examine worksite strategies to support nurses in these situations and to develop coping strategies for dealing with moral distress. PMID:24091351

Oh, Younjae; Gastmans, Chris

2015-02-01

343

Cardiovascular dysfunction in burns: review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

Major burn injury produces substantial hemodynamic and cardiodynamic derangements, which contribute to the development of sepsis, multiple organ failure, and death. Cardiac stress is the hallmark of the acute phase response and its severity determines postburn outcomes, with poorer outcomes associated with cardiac dysfunction. With available evidence from the literature, the present is a comprehensive review of cardiac dysfunction in burns as well as the different monitoring modalities.

Abu-sittah, G. S.; Sarhane, K. A.; Dibo, S. A.; Ibrahim, A.

2012-01-01

344

Female genital mutilation in Kenya : a literature review  

OpenAIRE

This thesis is based on literature review and the author`s own experiences about Female Genital Mutilation in her own community in Kenya. The author will also describe Female Genital Mutilation in Kenya. WHO 1997 defines Female genital mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non medical reasons. The studies were identified through the electronic database, OVID database (CINAHL, MEDL...

Cheserem, Sarah

2011-01-01

345

Forensic dentistry in human identification: A review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

An update is provided of the literature on the role of odontology in human identification, based on a PubMed-Medline search of the last 5 years and using the terms: “forensic dentistry” (n = 464 articles), “forensic odontology” (n = 141 articles) and “forensic dentistry identification” (n = 169 articles). Apart from these initial 774 articles, others considered to be important and which were generated by a manual search and cited as references in review articles were also included...

Ata-ali, Javier; Ata-ali, Fadi

2014-01-01

346

A Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions  

OpenAIRE

The report gives a Literature Review of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) Definitions. It all startede when the consequences of the oil crisis became noticeable and the issue of the fossil fuels sources and the energy use were discussed. Nevertheless, in the late seventies and early eighties appeared few articles, in which phrases‘a zero energy house', ‘a neutral energy autonomous house' or ‘an energy-independent house' were used.' were used.

Marszal, Anna Joanna; Heiselberg, Per

2009-01-01

347

Gendered specialities during medical education: a literature review  

OpenAIRE

The careers of male and female physicians indicate gender differences, whereas in medical education a feminization is occurring. Our review aims to specify gender-related speciality preferences during medical education. A literature search on gender differences in medical students’ speciality preferences was conducted in PubMed, Eric, Embase and Social Abstracts, and reference lists from January 2000 to June 2013. Study quality was assessed by critical appraisal. Our search yielded 741 hits...

Alers, Margret; Leerdam, Lotte; Dielissen, Patrick; Lagro-janssen, Antoine

2014-01-01

348

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

OpenAIRE

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility o...

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2013-01-01

349

INJURIES IN AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

Background: Australian Rules Football is one of the most popular sports in Australia. Successful injury prevention relies on injury surveillance to establish the extent of injuries, to monitor injury patterns and to evaluate prevention strategies. Despite the popularity of participation at the community level, few injury surveillance studies have been published, so a detailed review of the literature is vital. There is limited information available outside of the elite level. Injury statistic...

Hoskins, Wayne T.; Pollard, Henry

2003-01-01

350

REVIEW OF SOME REMEDIES OF ALCOHOLISM AS PER SIDDHA LITERATURE  

OpenAIRE

Alcoholism, One getting habituated to the alcohol irrespective of socio- economic factors is one of the present burning problems of the society. Various factors will get affected with the intake of alcohol like health, social, mental and economical factors, which directly influences on the growth of the person as well as society. A review of the types of alcohol, the effect of them on health and their remedies as per Siddha literature is dealt in this context.

Rajalakshmi P

2011-01-01

351

Hazard and operability (HAZOP) analysis. A literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Hazard and operability (HAZOP) methodology is a Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) technique used worldwide for studying not only the hazards of a system, but also its operability problems, by exploring the effects of any deviations from design conditions. Our paper is the first HAZOP review intended to gather HAZOP-related literature from books, guidelines, standards, major journals, and conference proceedings, with the purpose of classifying the research conducted over the years and define the HAZOP state-of-the-art. PMID:19733970

Dunjó, Jordi; Fthenakis, Vasilis; Vílchez, Juan A; Arnaldos, Josep

2010-01-15

352

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor in jaw: case report and literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Female patient of 15 years old is presented with an enlargement in the left mandibular parasymphyseal area. An orthopantomography was taken and a preliminary diagnosis of dentigerous cyst is suggested. The lesion is resected and sample is sent to the pathology laboratory. A diagnosis of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor is determined histopathologically. A literature review is conducted recently about that type of tumor. The importance of histological analysis of biopsies is highlighted. (author)

353

A critical literature review of focused electron beam induced deposition :  

OpenAIRE

An extensive review is given of the results from literature on electron beam induced deposition. Electron beam induced deposition is a complex process, where many and often mutually dependent factors are involved. The process has been studied by many over many years in many different experimental setups, so it is not surprising that there is a great variety of experimental results. To come to a better understanding of the process, it is important to see to which extent the experimental result...

Dorp, W. F.; Hagen, C. W.

2008-01-01

354

A literature review of air medical work hazards and pregnancy.  

Science.gov (United States)

An increased percentage of miscarriages among coworkers at one air medical transport company in 2008 prompted a literature review of selected hazards relevant to the profession of rotor wing air medical flight crew. Because of a lack of known research specific to this population, relevant studies from 1990 to 2008 were chosen to investigate pregnancy risks associated with exposure to vibration, jet fuel, noise, altitude, and fatigue in other occupations. Findings were summarized and recommendations made for future research. PMID:20123310

Van Dyke, Patricia

2010-01-01

355

Numerical modeling of friction stir welding process: a literature review  

OpenAIRE

This survey presents a literature review on friction stir welding (FSW) modeling with a special focus on the heat generation due to the contact conditions between the FSW tool and the workpiece. The physical process is described and the main process parameters that are relevant to its modeling are highlighted. The contact conditions (sliding/sticking) are presented as well as an analytical model that allows estimating the associated heat generation. The modeling of the FSW p...

Neto, Diogo Mariano; Neto, Pedro

2013-01-01

356

Triple X syndrome: a review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

The developmental and clinical aspects in the literature on triple X syndrome are reviewed. Prenatal diagnosis depends on karyotyping. The incidence is 1 of 1000 females. At birth, 47,XXX girls have a lower mean birth weight and a smaller head circumference. Triple X diagnosis was not suspected at birth. The maternal age seems to be increased. Toddlers with triple X syndrome show delayed language development. The youngest girls show accelerated growth until puberty. EEG abnormalities seem to ...

Otter, Maarten; Schrander-stumpel, Constance Trm; Curfs, Leopold Mg

2009-01-01

357

Plaque-like cutaneous mucinosis: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Midline mucinosis was observed in a 14-year-old man, which was confined to the midline of the back and appeared as asymptomatic, nonindurated, hyperpigmented plaques. Skin biopsies showed prominent interstitial mucinosis with perivascular lymphocytic infiltration. A literature review of plaque-like mucinosis revealed 14 previous cases with this distinct presentation that may overlap with reticular erythematous mucinosis and connective tissue disease. Midline mucinosis has been previously reported in prepubertal children but is rare. PMID:22617136

Wriston, Cooper C; Rubin, Adam I; Martin, Linda K; Kossard, Steven; Murrell, Dedee F

2012-06-01

358

Suprasellar paraganglioma: a case report and review of the literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Paragangliomas arising in the suprasellar region are extremely rare. We report a case of suprasellar paraganglioma in a 47-year-old man who presented with amnesia and impaired visual acuity without any endocrine dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large enhancing tumour in the suprasellar area. Following subtotal surgical excision, the diagnosis of paraganglioma was confirmed by pathology. In this case report we describe the MRI pattern of suprasellar paraganglioma and review the literature of this uncommon lesion. (orig.)

Naggara, O.; Oppenheim, C.; Meder, J.F. [Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Department of Neuroradiology, Paris (France); Varlet, P. [Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Department of Anatomopathology, Paris (France); Page, P. [Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Department of Neurosurgery, Paris (France)

2005-10-01

359

Trigeminocardiac reflex: a MaxFax literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is a shocking event in the course of operation involving the maxillofacial area. The authors have tried to present an overview on the history, clinical implications, literature review, anatomic and biologic basis, predisposing and triggering factors, and management of the event. Being familiar with the presentations, preventive measures, and management procedures are seemingly the most important aspects of the TCR to oral and maxillofacial surgeons and anesthesiologists. PMID:19615657

Bohluli, Behnam; Ashtiani, Abbas Kazemi; Khayampoor, Anahita; Sadr-Eshkevari, Pooyan

2009-08-01

360

Calcaneal nonunion: three cases and a review of the literature  

OpenAIRE

The long-term follow-up of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is often accompanied by complications. Frequently occurring are arthrosis, arthrofibrosis of the subtalar joint, and malunion. Uncommon is the calcaneal nonunion. A total of three cases is presented in this report, including a review of the literature. The occurrence of a nonunion appears to be more common after conservative treatment, but the pathophysiology remains unclear, however smoking may play a role.

Schepers, T.; Patka, P.

2007-01-01

361

Career Advancement and Writing about Women Librarians: A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Objective – This review of the literature provides a framework for understanding the professional experiences of women library directors in academic libraries. It focuses uponcareer advancement and writing about women librarians in the United States and Canada from the 1930s to 2012.Methods – Databases from the disciplines of library science and business and management, including the larger social sciences, were searched for references to sources that dealt with career advancement and pro...

Kathleen DeLong

2013-01-01

362

Demystifying Mixed Methods Research Design: A Review of the Literature  

OpenAIRE

Mixed methods research evolved in response to the observed limitations of both quantitative and qualitative designs and is a more complex method. The purpose of this paper was to examine mixed methods research in an attempt to demystify the design thereby allowing those less familiar with its design an opportunity to utilize it in future research. A review of the literature revealed that it has been gaining acceptance among researchers, researchers have begun using mixed methods research, it ...

Caruth, Gail D.

2013-01-01

363

Melorheostosis and a review of the literature in China  

OpenAIRE

Melorheostosis is an uncommon, non-genetic, non-developmental, sclerosing dysplasia of bone and adjacent soft tissues, with deformity of the extremity, pain, limb stiffness and limitation of motion. The characteristic radiographic appearance consists of irregular hyperostotic changes of the cortex resembling melted wax dripping down the side of a candle. In this review, clinical characteristics of Melorheostosis are discussed and reports in the Chinese literature are summarized.

Zhang, Chi; Dai, Wenda; Yang, Yi; Tang, Qi; Yao, Zhenjun

2013-01-01

364

The Economics of Media Markets : A Literature Review  

OpenAIRE

Media and especially mass media like newspapers or magazines are characterised by a number of peculiarities which are interesting from both a theoretical and empirical point of view.The interrelationship of reader and advertising markets,high sunk costs and large economies of scale are typical features.This paper reviews the existent literature on media markets and their peculiarities and lines out areas for further research.

Dewenter, Ralf

2003-01-01

365

Shared Communications: Volume 1. A Summary and Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper provides a review of examples from the literature of shared communication resources and of agencies and/or organizations that share communication resources. The primary emphasis is on rural, intelligent transportation system communications involving transit. Citations will not be limited, however, to rural activities, or to ITS implementation, or even to transit. In addition, the term ''communication'' will be broadly applied to include all information resources. Literature references to issues that contribute to both successful and failed efforts at sharing communication resources are reviewed. The findings of this literature review indicate that: (1) The most frequently shared communication resources are information/data resources, (2) Telecommunications infrastructure and technologies are the next most frequently shared resources, (3) When resources are successfully shared, all parties benefit, (4) A few unsuccessful attempts of sharing resources have been recorded, along with lessons learned, (5) Impediments to sharing include security issues, concerns over system availability and reliability, service quality and performance, and institutional barriers, (6) Advantages of sharing include financial benefits to agencies from using shared resources and benefits to the public in terms of congestion mitigation, information transfer (e.g., traveler information systems), mobility (e.g., welfare-to-work paratransit), and safety (e.g., speed of incident response, incident avoidance), (7) Technology-based solutions exist to address technology-based concerns, and (8) Institutional issues can be addressed through leadership, enhanced knowledge and skills, open communication, responsiveness, and attractive pricing structures.

Franzese, O

2004-09-22

366

Building effective service linkages in primary mental health care: a narrative review part 2  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary care services have not generally been effective in meeting mental health care needs. There is evidence that collaboration between primary care and specialist mental health services can improve clinical and organisational outcomes. It is not clear however what factors enable or hinder effective collaboration. The objective of this study was to examine the factors that enable effective collaboration between specialist mental health services and primary mental health care. Methods A narrative and thematic review of English language papers published between 1998 and 2009. An expert reference group helped formulate strategies for policy makers. Studies of descriptive and qualitative design from Australia, New Zealand, UK, Europe, USA and Canada were included. Data were extracted on factors reported as enablers or barriers to development of service linkages. These were tabulated by theme at clinical and organisational levels and the inter-relationship between themes was explored. Results A thematic analysis of 30 papers found the most frequently cited group of factors was "partnership formation", specifically role clarity between health care workers. Other factor groups supporting clinical partnership formation were staff support, clinician attributes, clinic physical features and evaluation and feedback. At the organisational level a supportive institutional environment of leadership and change management was important. The expert reference group then proposed strategies for collaboration that would be seen as important, acceptable and feasible. Because of the variability of study types we did not exclude on quality and findings are weighted by the number of studies. Variability in local service contexts limits the generalisation of findings. Conclusion The findings provide a framework for health planners to develop effective service linkages in primary mental health care. Our expert reference group proposed five areas of strategy for policy makers that address organisational level support, joint clinical problem solving, local joint care guidelines, staff training and supervision and feedback.

Parker Sharon

2011-03-01

367

Quality of after-hours primary care in the Netherlands: a narrative review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many Western countries are seeking an organizational model for after-hours primary care that is safe, efficient, and satisfactory for patients and health care professionals. Around the year 2000, Dutch primary care physicians (PCPs) reorganized their after-hours primary care and shifted from small rotation groups to large-scale PCP cooperatives. This article provides a narrative review of studies on a range of issues about after-hours primary care in the Netherlands, including experiences of health care professionals and patients, patient-safety incidents, adherence to practice guidelines, waiting times, and quality of telephone triage. Physicians expressed high satisfaction with PCP cooperatives; their workload decreased, and job satisfaction increased compared with the situation before the reorganization. In general, patients were also satisfied, but areas for improvement included telephone consultations, patient education, and distance to a pharmacy. A study identified patient-safety incidents in 2.4% of all contacts, of which most did not result in harm to patients. The average adherence to clinical guidelines by physicians was 77%, with lowest adherence scores for prescribing antibiotics and treatment in emergency cases. The average waiting time for home visits was 30 minutes. Seventy percent of patients with life-threatening problems were visited within the time target of 15 minutes. Telephone triage by nurses had positive effects on care efficiency by increasing the proportion of telephone consultations and decreasing the proportion of clinic consultations and home visits. The after-hours primary care system in the Netherlands might set an example for other countries struggling to find a good solution for the problems they encounter with after-hours primary care. Future developments in the Netherlands include integration and extensive collaboration with the accident and emergency departments of hospitals, in which PCPs take care of self-referring patients. PMID:21768584

Giesen, Paul; Smits, Marleen; Huibers, Linda; Grol, Richard; Wensing, Michel

2011-07-19

368

Medidas do Estresse: Uma Revisão Narrativa / Stress Measures: A Narrative Review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A presente revisão narrativa teve como objetivos reunir informações sobre medidas do estresse, aliando-as à perspetiva teórica que subsidia os modos de estudo na temática e, também, apontar evidências, características e limitações das diversas formas de mensuração do fenômeno, o que pode favorecer à [...] melhor estruturação de futuras pesquisas e a consequente escolha dos métodos de cotejamento do estresse. Para tanto, são descritas possibilidades de mensuração de acordo com as vertentes teóricas e evidências empíricas que orientam as pesquisas na temática, estando divididas entre medidas biológicas, ambientais e de autopercepção do estresse, respectivamente situadas nas perspetivas baseada na resposta, baseada no estímulo e cognitiva. Ao final, pretendeu-se incitar a postura reflexiva dos pesquisadores diante dos métodos de cotejamento existentes e, também, a possível consideração de técnicas combinadas para o mais profundo escrutínio do estresse. Abstract in english This narrative review aimed to gather information on measures of stress according to the theoretical perspectives that underpins the methods of study in the area and also point out the evidences, characteristics and limitations of the various ways of measuring the phenomenon, favoring the better str [...] ucturing of futures researches and consequent choice of measure methods of stress. Thereby, possibilities of measure are described according to the theoretical and empirical evidence that guides the researches on the topic, being divided between biological, environmental and self-perception measures of stress, respectively located in the response-based perspective, the stimulus-based perspective and the cognitive perspective. Finally, we sought encouraging the reflective stance of the researchers on the measurement methods and also the possible consideration of combined techniques for deeper scrutiny of stress.

André, Faro; Marcos Emanoel, Pereira.

2013-03-01

369

Immunomodulatory dietary polysaccharides: a systematic review of the literature  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background A large body of literature suggests that certain polysaccharides affect immune system function. Much of this literature, however, consists of in vitro studies or studies in which polysaccharides were injected. Their immunologic effects following oral administration is less clear. The purpose of this systematic review was to consolidate and evaluate the available data regarding the specific immunologic effects of dietary polysaccharides. Methods Studies were identified by conducting PubMed and Google Scholar electronic searches and through reviews of polysaccharide article bibliographies. Only articles published in English were included in this review. Two researchers reviewed data on study design, control, sample size, results, and nature of outcome measures. Subsequent searches were conducted to gather information about polysaccharide safety, structure and composition, and disposition. Results We found 62 publications reporting statistically significant effects of orally ingested glucans, pectins, heteroglycans, glucomannans, fucoidans, galactomannans, arabinogalactans and mixed polysaccharide products in rodents. Fifteen controlled human studies reported that oral glucans, arabinogalactans, heteroglycans, and fucoidans exerted significant effects. Although some studies investigated anti-inflammatory effects, most studies investigated the ability of oral polysaccharides to stimulate the immune system. These studies, as well as safety and toxicity studies, suggest that these polysaccharide products appear to be largely well-tolerated. Conclusions Taken as a whole, the oral polysaccharide literature is highly heterogenous and is not sufficient to support broad product structure/function generalizations. Numerous dietary polysaccharides, particularly glucans, appear to elicit diverse immunomodulatory effects in numerous animal tissues, including the blood, GI tract and spleen. Glucan extracts from the Trametes versicolor mushroom improved survival and immune function in human RCTs of cancer patients; glucans, arabinogalactans and fucoidans elicited immunomodulatory effects in controlled studies of healthy adults and patients with canker sores and seasonal allergies. This review provides a foundation that can serve to guide future research on immune modulation by well-characterized polysaccharide compounds.

Nelson Erika D

2010-11-01

370

Identifying high-risk medication : a systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract PURPOSE: A medication error (ME) is an error that causes damage or poses a threat of harm to a patient. Several studies have shown that only a minority of MEs actually causes harm, and this might explain why medication reviews at hospital admission reduce the number of MEs without showing an effect on length of hospital stay, readmissions, or death. The purpose of this study was to define drugs that actually cause serious MEs. We conducted a literature search of medication reviews and other preventive efforts. METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Reviews, Psycinfo, and SweMed+ was performed. Danish databases containing published patient complaints, patient compensation, and reported medication errors were also searched. Articles and case reports were included if they contained information of an ME causing a serious adverse reaction (AR) in a patient. Information concerning AR seriousness, causality, and preventability was required for inclusion. RESULTS: This systematic literature review revealed that 47 % of all serious MEs were caused by seven drugs or drug classes: methotrexate, warfarin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), digoxin, opioids, acetylic salicylic acid, and beta-blockers; 30 drugs or drug classes caused 82 % of all serious MEs. The top ten drugs involved in fatal events accounted for 73 % of all drugs identified. CONCLUSION: Increasing focus on seven drugs/drug classes can potentially reduce hospitalizations, extended hospitalizations, disability, life-threatening conditions, and death by almost 50 %.

Saedder, Eva A; Brock, Birgitte

2014-01-01

371

LCAs of petrol and diesel - A literature review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have investigated the environmental impact of using biofuel in transportation compared with fossil fuels. Since these studies often use standard values for the fossil fuel reference scenario, there is a need for a thorough review of published data on fossil fuel use in transportation. This study reviewed the available literature regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy balances in petrol and diesel use and examined possible causes for the differences reported in the literature. This included differences connected to the LCA methodology itself, but also those resulting from technical and economic effects. Thirteen studies were reviewed in order to establish the level of GHG emissions and energy use in the well-to-tank perspective and, where possible, in the entire well-to-wheel perspective. The studies used different input data, allocation methods and system boundaries, but the results fell within a narrow range, since the energy content of the fuels on a tank-to-wheel basis differed only slightly, while the use phase represents most GHG emissions and energy usage in fuel life cycles. All studies reviewed reported GHG emissions values that exceeded the reference value of 83.8 g CO{sub 2}-eq/MJ fuel suggested in the EU Renewable Energy Directive.

Eriksson, Mattias; Ahlgren, Serina

2013-09-01

372

Pain in neonates: A literature review from 1998 to 2008 Neonatal pain: literature review from 1998 to 2008  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed to conduct a review of scientific literature on neonatal pain, from keywords relevant to the subject, in databases Lilacs and Medline and Pubmed. It was selected 30 articles and its analysis understood 5 themes: 1. Stimulation painful to neonate, 2. Expression of neonatal pain, 3. Instruments of assessment of neonatal pain; 4. Methods of control and relief of pain neonatal, 5. Perception; assessment and management of neonatal pain. The reports demonstrate the lacks in practic...

Maria Cristina Pauli da Rocha; Lisabelle Mariano Rossato

2008-01-01

373

Periocular granuloma annulare: a case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Granuloma annulare (GA) is a granulomatous dermatosis that rarely presents on the face and is extremely uncommon in the periocular region. We report our experience with the presentation and management of GA lesions on the eyelids of a 17-year-old girl. We performed a review of published literature and identified 13 cases of pediatric periocular GA. One additional case was identified upon review of all pediatric GA cases at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. Review of these cases suggests that periocular GA is a benign condition that spontaneously regresses within a few months. GA nodules have a predilection for the upper eyelids. A greater incidence is noted in African American children. Awareness of the self-resolving nature of this condition can prevent unnecessary surgical excisions in affected children. PMID:23551387

Chiang, Katherine; Bhalla, Rohan; Mesinkovska, Natasha A; Piliang, Melissa P; Tamburro, Joan E

2014-01-01

374

A literature review of demand studies in world oil markets  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The literature on world oil market demands was reviewed, summarized and organized into seven major groupings. The objective was to model economic behaviour before and after price shocks. In particular, the paper demonstrated how the price elasticity of demand in world oil markets is estimated. It also showed how the relationship between energy and oil consumption and income are estimated. The income elasticity of demand was also estimated, and empirical estimates of the elasticity of aggregate output regarding crude oil and energy prices were presented. The paper also referred to the transportation sector and estimates of the changing nature of seasonal factors. The review showed that there is much heterogeneity of econometric results. The literature showed that demand increased considerably in response to the price shocks of the 1970s, but these shocks were reversed in the 1980s when the increase in demand did not correspond with the decrease in price. Some of the literature is driven by the belief that there must be a stable, non-linear model that fits the data both before and after price shocks. The authors question whether this could be true and propose an alternative hypothesis that there is a different model that pertains to economic behaviour after price shocks. 15 refs., 7 tabs., 1 fig

375

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF ORGANIZATION. AN EXTENDED LITERATURE REVIEW  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our paper we review the general topic of social involvement of organizations, in the light of business-society relationship. For this aim we analyze the extensive international literature of corporate social responsibility, corporate citizenship, social philanthropy, sustainable corporation and other related concepts. In this endeavor we categorize the main body of knowledge in three broad areas: (1 papers investigating the definitions and measures of these concepts, including practitioners’ opinions, (2 predictors of such involvement and actions, (3 effects of social responsibility manifested by organizations. The second section of our paper focuses on the Romanian literature on this topic, as it is less systematized so far. In this section we focus on the main findings of studies conducted on Romanian companies regarding CSR or related concepts. In the final, concluding section we propose a research methodology for CSR in Romania meant to clarify the impact of the most frequently considered predictors.

Saveanu Tomina Gabriela

2014-07-01

376

Calcification of vestibular schwannoma: a case report and literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Calcification rarely occurs in vestibular schwannoma (VS, and only seven cases of calcified VS have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a 48-year-old man with VS, who had a history of progressive left-sided hearing loss for 3 years. Neurological examination revealed that he had left-sided hearing loss and left cerebellar ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography angiography showed a mass with calcification in the left cerebellopontine angle (CPA. The tumor was successfully removed via suboccipital craniotomy, and postoperative histopathology showed that the tumor was a schwannoma. We reviewed seven cases of calcified VS that were previously reported in the literature, and we analyzed and summarized the characteristics of these tumors, including the calcification, texture, and blood supply. We conclude that calcification in VS is associated with its texture and blood supply, and these characteristics affect the surgical removal of the tumor.

Zhang Yang

2012-10-01

377

Literature review on permanent magnet generators design and dynamic behavior  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper is a literature review which describes the construction of state of the art of permanent magnet generators and motors constructing and discusses the current and possible application of these machines in industry. Permanent magnet machines are a well-know class of rotating and linear electric machines used for many years in industrial applications. A particular interest for permanent magnet generators is connected with wind mills, which seem to be becoming increasingly popular nowadays. Geared and direct-driven permanent magnet generators are described. A classification of direct-driven permanent magnet generators is given. Design aspects of permanent magnet generators are presented. Permanent magnet generators for wind turbines designs are highlighted. Dynamics and vibration problems of permanent magnet generators covered in literature are presented. The application of the Finite Element Method for mechanical problems solution in the field of permanent magnet generators is discussed. (orig.)

Aleksashkin, A; Mikkola, A.

2008-07-01

378

Nontechnical Barriers to Solar Energy Use: Review of Recent Literature  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper reviews the nontechnical barriers to solar energy use, drawing on recent literature to help identify key barriers that must be addressed as part of the Technology Acceptance efforts under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar America Initiative. A broad literature search yielded more than 400 references, which were narrowed to 19 recent documents on nontechnical barriers to the use of solar energy and other energy efficiency and renewable energy (EE/RE) technologies. Some of the most frequently identified barriers included lack of government policy supporting EE/RE, lack of information dissemination and consumer awareness about energy and EE/RE, high cost of solar and other EE/RE technologies compared with conventional energy, and inadequate financing options for EE/RE projects.

Margolis, R.; Zuboy, J.

2006-09-01

379

A narrative review on the effect of economic downturns on the nursing labour market: implications for policy and planning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Economic downturns and recession lead to budget cuts and service reductions in the healthcare sector which often precipitate layoffs and hiring freezes. Nurses, being the largest professional group in healthcare, are strongly affected by cost reductions. Economic downturns destabilize the nursing labour market with potential negative outcomes, including serious shortages, extending beyond the recessionary period. The objectives of this manuscript are to provide an overview of the potential short- and long-run impact of economic downturns on the supply and demand of nurses, and present healthcare decision makers with a framework to enhance their ability to strategically manage their human resources through economic cycles. A narrative review of the literature on the effects of economic downturns on the nursing labour market in developed countries was carried out with a special focus on studies offering a longitudinal examination of labour force trends. Analysis indicates that economic downturns limit the ability of public payers and institutions to finance their existing health workforce. As salaried healthcare workers, nurses are especially susceptible to institutional budget cuts. In the short run, economic downturns may temporarily reduce the demand for and increase the supply of nurses, thereby influencing nursing wages and turnover rates. These effects may destabilise the nursing labour market in the long run. After economic downturns, the market would quickly display the pre-recessionary trends and there may be serious demand–supply imbalances resulting in severe shortages. Potential long-term effects of recession on the nursing labour market may include a downsized active workforce, difficulty in retaining younger nurses, a decreased supply of nurses and workforce casualisation. Lack of understanding of labour market dynamics and trends might mislead policy makers into making misinformed workforce downsizing decisions that are often difficult and expensive to reverse. In the aftermath of an economic downturn, the costs of attracting nurses back often outweigh the short term cost savings. Effective management should support the nursing workforce by creating attractive and stable work environments to retain nurses at a manageable cost.

Alameddine Mohamad

2012-08-01

380

Review of Literature of the Rural Heritage Tourism Destination  

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Full Text Available Rural heritage tourism destination management is an essential knowledge area that should be investigated to achieve sustainable destination, especially for an emerging destination. The goal of this process is to ensure that these elements are thoroughly inspected and rigidly organized due to the main concepts, theories, methods and approaches mentioning different perspectives to tackle these certain elements. In order to cope with the complexity of the relation between the destination elements and its characteristics and sequence of the maturity of the selected destination, all that needs in-depth knowledge to assist the researchers in developing and improving different types of approaches and tools, and in structuring and assessing the destination. We develop a neat backbone literature review concerning the all aspects of the sustainable rural heritage tourism destination. We review the existing methods, approaches and theories applied on the relative field, and further study the relevant challenges that have been the target of investigation in the academic literature. The paper is intended to be the newest and the most important existing study on the topic of rural heritage emerging tourism destination. The results are particularly relevant to practitioners seeking a better grasp on managing tourism destination as well as achieving sustainability in tourism destinations. As a major finding of the review, the results strongly suggest the need for more practitioner-oriented and industry-driven empirical studies in the area of flexible managerial framework to cope with special and dynamic characteristics of different tourism destinations.

Kadi Alaa J.

2014-01-01

381

Tools that assess functional decline: systematic literature review update  

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Full Text Available Kate Beaton, Karen Grimmer International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia Background: Screening for risk of functional decline in the elderly is increasingly important in ambulatory health care settings, to ensure that appropriate services are provided to reduce the risk of downstream decline. These screening tools should have sound psychometric properties and clinical utility. Design: An updated systematic literature review for (1 new screening tools published since the last review, conducted in 2007 and published in 2008, and (2 recent research into psychometric properties of the five tools identified in the previous review. Methods: A comprehensive review of multiple databases using the search terms from the Sutton et al review was conducted. The reference lists of included articles were hand-searched for additional articles, and the literature was evaluated with the appropriate critical appraisal tool. Included screening tools should be designed for, or applicable to, hospital emergency departments. Results: Two relevant new tools were identified (the Simplified PROFUNCTION index and Brief Risk Identification for Geriatric Health Tool. Six additional papers testing psychometric properties of four of the five previously reported screening tools were also found. Conclusion: Seven relevant screening tools are available with similar validity and reliability estimates. They consider similar constructs and have convincing evidence of applicability to a range of older populations, or different cultures. Identification of Seniors at Risk, is the most frequently reported screening tool. The wider unanswered question is how, why, and where these functional decline screening tools are used; how valid the findings are on ill, stressed, older people in emergency departments; and how the findings are acted upon in terms of community intervention to slow functional decline. Keywords: functional decline, older adults, screening and assessment tools

Beaton K

2013-04-01

382

Electrophysiological examination in uveitis: a review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Marilita M Moschos,1 Nikolaos S Gouliopoulos,1 Christos Kalogeropoulos2 1Laboratory of Electrophysiology, First Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece Purpose: Uveitis is the inflammation of the uveal tract, which usually also affects the retina and vitreous humor. The electrophysiological examination is an objective ocular examination that includes the electroretinogram, visual evoked potentials, the electrooculogram, the multifocal electroretinogram, and multifocal visual evoked potentials. Our aim is to review the literature of the use of the electrophysiological examination in cases of uveitis. Methods: We performed a systematic search of the literature of published papers until October 2012 using the PubMed search engine. The key terms that were used were “uveitis,” “electrophysiological examination”, “electroretinogram”, “visual evoked potentials”, “electro-oculogram”, “multifocal electroretinogram”, and “multifocal visual evoked potentials” in multiple combinations. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first review concerning the assessment of electrophysiology in uveitis. Results: Our search of the literature demonstrated that the electrophysiological examination, mainly by means of electroretinogram, multifocal electroretinogram, and visual evoked potentials, is performed in several cases of uveitis for many purposes, including diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression and treatment efficacy. The electrophysiological examination is more useful in patients with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy, birdshot chorioretinopathy, Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease, Adamantiades–Behçet disease, ocular syphilis, and Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis. Conclusion: This review summarizes the use of the electrophysiological examination in uveitic patients and underlines its value as a useful tool in the objective assessment and the monitoring of the disease. Keywords: uveitis, ERG, mfERG, VEP

Moschos MM

2014-01-01

383

Home care in Europe: a systematic literature review  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Health and social services provided at home are becoming increasingly important. Hence, there is a need for information on home care in Europe. The objective of this literature review was to respond to this need by systematically describing what has been reported on home care in Europe in the scientific literature over the past decade. Methods A systematic literature search was performed for papers on home care published in English, using the following data bases: Cinahl, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, and Social Care Online. Studies were only included if they complied with the definition of home care, were published between January 1998 and October 2009, and dealt with at least one of the 31 specified countries. Clinical interventions, instrument developments, local projects and reviews were excluded. The data extracted included: the characteristics of the study and aspects of home care 'policy & regulation', 'financing', 'organisation & service delivery', and 'clients & informal carers'. Results Seventy-four out of 5,133 potentially relevant studies met the inclusion criteria, providing information on 18 countries. Many focused on the characteristics of home care recipients and on the organisation of home care. Geographical inequalities, market forces, quality and integration of services were also among the issues frequently discussed. Conclusions Home care systems appeared to differ both between and within countries. The papers included, however, provided only a limited picture of home care. Many studies only focused on one aspect of the home care system and international comparative studies were rare. Furthermore, little information emerged on home care financing and on home care in general in Eastern Europe. This review clearly shows the need for more scientific publications on home care, especially studies comparing countries. A comprehensive and more complete insight into the state of home care in Europe requires the gathering of information using a uniform framework and methodology.

Fagerström Cecilia

2011-08-01

384

Attributes, Environment Factors and Women Entrepreneurial Activity: A Literature Review  

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Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of individual attributes and business environment factors on the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs. Individual attributes such as education, working experience, attitude towards risk-taking, affect women entrepreneurial activity. Economic constraints such as lack of credit due to lack of asset collaterals and socio-cultural barriers, lack of savings due to low household income, and lack of labour skills due to low educational level also affect women entrepreneurial activity. The effect of these factors on entrepreneurial activity is worth studying because entrepreneurship development is considered a vital link to an overall economic growth of a nation through its positive impact on economic development especially at the grassroots. However, limited studies have reviewed literatures on individual attributes and business environment factors on the entrepreneurial activity of women entrepreneurs. This is the focus of this study.Methodology: The paper is a descriptive study that reviews literature on individual attributes and environment factors on women entrepreneurial activity.Conclusion: The paper concludes that environment factors exert much more influence on women entrepreneurial activity than individual attributes.Research limitation: The paper is limited to a literature review that may need further research by using a framework to investigate the factors on entrepreneurial activity.Practical implication: It shows the need for the government to support entrepreneurs through adequate provision of micro-finance.Originality: The study is a new way to look at crucial factors affecting entrepreneurial activity in a country. Paper type: This is a research paper.

Isidore Ekpe

2011-08-01

385

Tongue-tie, from embriology to treatment: a literature review  

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Full Text Available The aim of this review is to create a complete analysis about tongue-tie (or short lingual frenum or ankyloglossia according to the most important works published in literature. The analysis allowed us to do a complete evaluation of this problem, from embriology to the therapeutic approach we could use today, focusing our attention on laser-assisted therapy. This review is based on the research on the PubMed Database (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov of studies about lingual frenum written in English between January 1980 and May 2014. The keywords inserted were “lingual frenum”, “frenectomy”, “laser therapy”. We have analyzed: case series, case reports, clinical studies, and also literature reviews in which embryology, physiology, diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia were described. We excluded laboratory studies, studies based on animal tests and studies about patients with particular syndromes in which we can also find tongue-tie. The selection criteria allowed us to select 42 articles. The treatment options for the releasing of the frenum are surgically represented by frenotomy (i.e. simple horizontal cut of this training and frenectomy (i.e. removal. In both cases, the intervention on the short lingual frenum is simple, short-lasting, and without particular complications. Furthermore, this kind of treatment can be carried out with different devices: with the typical cold blade scalpel or by the use of laser, a new method that shows more advantages over the prior art. Laser-assisted therapy permits to intervene on newborns (from 0 to 20 days, when there are breastfeeding problems without total anesthesia and suture. The Er:YAG, CO2 laser (according to literature data and Diode laser (according to our experience are advantageous, safe and effective in tongue-tie treatment.

Maria Dezio

2015-03-01

386

Primary umbilical adenocarcinoma. A case report and review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of primary adenocarcinoma of the umbilicus is reported along with a review of the literature and discussion of possible origins of glandular tissue within this area. Multiple connections are present within the umbilicus (vascular, lymphatic, and embryologic) that may give this area access to metastatic lesions. The primary tumors may originate within the usual umbilical tissue (skin and soft tissue). Glands that are not normally present in the region of the umbilicus rarely develop malignant neoplasms. As postulated, glandular tissue may arise either as metaplasia from squamous epithelium or from glandular embryologic rests including omphalomesenteric duct remnants and urachal remnants. PMID:1088857

Ross, J E; Hill, R B

1975-06-01

387

Coral reef aorta: case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coral reef aorta (CRA) is a rare form of atherosclerosis that affects the paravisceral and pararenal aorta and its branches. Patients typically present with arterial insufficiency of the bowels, kidneys and lower extremities. The current mainstay of treatment is operative, typically involving transaortic endarterectomy. Herein, we describe a 54-year-old woman with incapacitating lower extremity claudication secondary to a paravisceral coral reef atheroma treated successfully with transaortic endarterectomy via a left retroperitoneal approach. In addition, we present a complete review of modern English literature on CRA. PMID:23518854

Policha, Aleksandra; Moudgill, Neil; Eisenberg, Joshua; Rao, Atul; Dimuzio, Paul

2013-03-21

388

Diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis: a case report with literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis (DPL) is a rare disease that is characterized by diffuse proliferation of abnormal pulmonary lymphatic channels. DPL occurs mostly in children and young adults and often undergoes a progressive clinical course, eventually causing deterioration of the lung. Both the clinical diagnosis and treatment of DPL remain a challenge. Here, we report a case of DPL in a 53-year-old Chinese woman with comprehensive investigations including pulmonary function tests, computer tomography (CT), bronchoscopy and histological examination of the lung biopsy, and review the literature. PMID:21518582

DU, Ming-Hua; Ye, Ruan-Jian; Sun, Kun-Kun; Li, Jian-Feng; Shen, Dan-Hua; Wang, Jun; Gao, Zhan-Cheng

2011-03-01

389

Adnexal masses literature review, detection, characterization and radiological staging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A literature review was conducted on radiological detection and characterization of major adnexal masses identified in ultrasound, computerized axial tomography and magnetic resonance. The characteristics, and incidence findings have been identified in imaging methods of benign adnexal masses and most common ovarian neoplasms. The proposed new classification of adnexal masses GI-RADS has been released. The report of adnexal ultrasound images were classified into 5 categories. They have relied on morphological findings and the likelihood of benignity or malignancy, in addition to the radiological staging submit. The purpose has been simplifying the diagnosis and better therapeutic for the patient behavior

390

A literature review on radioactivity transfer to plants and soil  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The literature on transfer of radioactivity to plants and soil have been reviewed. Main emphasis has been placed on the transfer to plants. A general plant transfer model has been set up. Root uptake, dry deposition, wet deposition, weathering, resuspension, and translocation are the transfer processes discussed. Theory and experimental data for evaluating the different pathways are reported. Only iodine-131, strontium-90 and caecium-137 have been considered in the report. Recommendations of specific transfer parameters have been given as realistic as possible. Suggestions for further research have also been given. (author)

391

Abdominoscrotal hydrocele. Case presentation and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominoscrotal hydrocele has been known for over a century although it rarely has been reported in children. A review of the world literature revealed 84 such cases, only three cases in the pediatric age group. Our patient, a 5-mo old male, presented with abdominal and scrotal masses of 4 to 6 wk duration. The abdominal mass measured 12 x 8 cm. The scrotal mass, which clinically seemed to be a hydrocele, measured 3 x 5 cm. Both masses appeared cystic and communicated. Diagnostic work-up clearly established the diagnosis. Complete surgical excision was accomplished through an inguinal crease incision. PMID:551148

Saharia, P C; Bronsther, B; Abrams, M W

1979-12-01

392

Spontaneous coronary artery dissections: Four cases and literature review  

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Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary artery dissection(SCAD is a very rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. SCAD can cause stable angina, unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock and sudden cardiac death. Predisposing factors include atherosclerosis, the peripar-tum period, structural and inflammatory conditions affect-ing the arterial wall. The diagnosis is usually made by coronary angiography. The clinical presentation is similar to the atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of patients improves survival. Therapeutic options include medical therapy, percutane-ous coronary intervention and surgery. The four cases were presented an discussed with review of the pertinent literature.

Necmettin Çolak

2009-01-01

393

Management Control in Enterprise System Enabled Organizations : A Literature Review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this paper is to add to the limited body of knowledge on the relationship between enterprise systems (ES) and management control. Based on a literature review, we describe and classify studies that empirically address this relationship. Apart from not being extensive, the research done so far primarily addresses the relationship between management control and ES based on a limited number of methodologies and approaches. We argue that there seems to be a need for more research done from functionalistic and critical perspectives, as well which employs a greater variety of methodologies. Subsequently, we propose some avenues for future research.

Rikhardsson, Pall; Rohde, Carsten

2007-01-01

394

Rectal tonsil: A case report and literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

The rectal tonsil, a reactive proliferation of lymphoid tissue located in the rectum, is rare. Histologically, benign lymphoid hyperplasia of the rectum is usually characterized by large lymphoid follicles with active germinal centers and a narrow surrounding mantle zone and marginal zone. This lesion is benign, but must be differentiated from the polypoid type of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. In the current paper, we present a case of rectal tonsil in a 59-year-old woman. We describe the endoscopic ultrasound imaging findings with literature review. PMID:25741169

Hong, Joung Boom; Kim, Hyung Wook; Kang, Dae Hwan; Choi, Cheol Woong; Park, Su Bum; Kim, Dong Jun; Ji, Byoung Hoon; Koh, Kyung Won

2015-01-01

395

Adderall abuse on college campuses: a comprehensive literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prescription stimulant abuse has dramatically increased over the past 10 years, but the amount of research regarding college students and illicit prescription stimulant use is still very limited. This has important implications for college mental health professionals and higher education administrators. In this comprehensive literature review the author explores factors contributing to illicit use, self-medication, and recreational use of controlled prescription stimulants; discusses the potential consequences for those students abusing stimulants; and provides recommendations for educating, combating, and assisting students who illicitly use prescriptions stimulants on college campuses. PMID:22694135

Varga, Matthew D

2012-01-01

396

Brief literature review pertinent to steam generator water hammer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Analysis of water hammer in steam generators requires the following information: dynamic equations on the steam supply side and on the water side which are sufficiently simple for practical solution, and yet which are descriptive of the main features of the steam and water flows affecting the behavior of the steam/cold water interface; and fairly reliable estimates of the heat transfer coefficients under highly transient conditions of steam cold water interfaces. This review deals mainly with literature measurements relative to item 2, but will also discuss dynamic modeling in connection with the chugging problem in BWR pressure suppression pools, which has many points of similarity with water hammer in steam generators

397

Maxillary canine transposition – A literature review with case report  

Science.gov (United States)

Tooth transposition is a severe disturbance of tooth eruptive position and their sequence, which involve certain teeth occurring at any of several specific sites in the mouth. Tooth transposition is of several types and their classification depends on the teeth involved. The review of literature aims to discuss the incidence and identifying factors related to occurrence of this dental anomaly. The present study aims to discuss about the prosthetic treatment of a patient with unilateral maxillary canine – lateral incisor transposition with the absence of permanent lateral incisor. PMID:25737936

Tripathi, Shuchi; Singh, Raghuwar D.; Singh, Saumyendra Vikram; Arya, Deeksha

2014-01-01

398

Computerized tomography and schizophrenia: critical review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A critical review of the literature regarding structural brain abnormalities in Schizophrenia is presented. It is reported that the prevalence and the localization of the abnormalities vary widely among studies. These differences might stem from samples heterogeneity, from the choice of the computer tomographic (CT) parameter to be investigated and from the use of different criteria for defining abnormalities. It seems established that at least one subgroup of Schizophrenia patients shows mild or moderate brain atrophy, in spite of some contradictory findings. (M.A.C.)

399

Mobile phone text messaging to reduce alcohol and tobacco use in young people – a narrative review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Severin Haug Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction at Zurich University, Zurich, Switzerland Background: Alcohol and tobacco use are major causes of the disease burden in most countries of the world. Mobile phone text messaging is very popular among adolescents and young adults and has the potential to deliver individualized information to large population groups at low costs. Objective: To provide a narrative review on studies testing the appropriateness and effectiveness of text messaging-based programs to reduce alcohol and tobacco use in young people. Results: Two published studies on text message-based programs for the reduction of problem drinking and two studies on programs for enhancing smoking cessation were identified. A US-American pilot experimental study tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of a text messaging-based assessment and brief intervention among young adults identified during their emergency department visit with hazardous drinking. It demonstrated the feasibility of the text messaging-based program to collect drinking data in young adults after emergency department discharge. A Swiss pre–post study tested the appropriateness and initial effectiveness of a combined, individually tailored web- and text messaging (SMS-based program to reduce problem drinking in vocational school students. It provided evidence for the appropriateness of the intervention and initial evidence for its efficacy to reduce problem drinking. One of the two studies addressing smoking cessation was a US-American pilot randomized controlled trial. Participants were recruited via online advertisements and received text messages tailored according to their quitting stage. The intervention significantly affected self-reported quitting rates at 4 weeks but not at 3 months after the quit date. Within a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in Switzerland, smoking students were proactively recruited within vocational school classes and received text messages tailored to demographic and smoking-related variables. The program was accepted very well by the target group. It did not affect smoking abstinence rates at 6-months follow-up but resulted in significant lower cigarette consumption. Conclusion: First results on the appropriateness and short-term efficacy of text message-based interventions to reduce tobacco and alcohol use in young people are promising; however, further adequately powered trials are needed to confirm these initial results and to test the longer-term efficacy of these programs. Keywords: text messaging, alcohol, tobacco, young people

Haug S

2013-10-01

400

Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) communications program: Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation literature evaluation and assessment, 1986-1987 literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

This report deals with the evaluation and assessment of literature concerned with the bioeffects of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation. The report covers the period from November 1986 to October 1987. The objective of this program is to conduct a thorough and comprehensive review and evaluation, of the published professional literature containing scientific information pertaining to biological effects, including but not limited to human health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation, germane to the Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) Communication Program of the United States Navy. The published professional literature reviewed, evaluated and assessed includes books, research reports, and articles and papers in peer-reviewed journals that discuss and/or describe biological and health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation in the frequency range of 1-300 Hz. In some instances documents discussing effects of frequencies above 300 Hz were also reviewed. The review and evaluation included both domestic and international literature published in English or other foreign languages.

1987-11-01

401

Product-related Environmental Performance Indicators: a systematic literature review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Ecodesign is a proactive environmental management approach employed in the product development process (PDP) which aims to minimize the environmental impacts caused during products’ life-cycle, improving its environmental performance. The establishment of measurable environmental performance indicators (EPIs) during PDP is often cited as a successful factor for effective ecodesign implementation, since it enables the monitoring towards the accomplishment of environmental performance improvement goals. However, companies still face difficulties in the selection and application of EPIs - a more structured approach to support EPIs selection is still lacking. This paper presents the efforts made in order to identify, classify and systematize the existing EPIs based on the systematic literature review. From the review, 261 EPIs were identified, classified, and then systematized in a digital database. The results and the state of art regarding environmental performance indicators are presented in this paper.

Issa, Isabela I.; Antelmi Pigosso, Daniela Cristina

2013-01-01

402

Literature review on aged’s buccal health  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: to review the national production of knowledge on elderly’s buccal health, to identify the structure and methodology of the studies, to determine the publications number on the elderly’s bucccal health in Brazil. Methodology: literature review study search in electronic databases BIREME, LILACS and SciELO, whose descriptors were buccal health and elderly. The articles selected were characterized according to article theme, publication year, journal, methodology of the article, which were identified study type, population/sample, study place and instrument research. Results: from the nineteen analyzed articles, eight were referred to the buccal health epidemiology, two from the health profile, four from the self-perception and use of odontological services for elderly and one concerning to valuation of the theoretical model. Final considerations: the conclusion is for the necessity of greater adequateness of the professionals and odontology services to an implementation of the public politics of attention to the elderly.

Maria de Fátima Bernardes de Lacerda, Maria da Conceição Siqueira de Lemos, Cláudia Alves de Sena

2009-04-01

403

Review of the literature on necrotizing sialometaplasia and case presentation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this article is to report a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia with long-term follow-up. A case of necrotizing sialometaplasia in a 37-year-old man with clinical documentation on the progress during a 2-year follow-up is presented. Data from an extensive review of the literature including clinical, imagenologic, and microscopic features are provided. Information on diagnostic and prognostic factors is offered and comprehensibly discussed. The importance of identification and diagnosis of this entity during the review of the slides from the first biopsy is stressed and the exclusive performance of an incisional biopsy is debated. The presented clinical photographs reveal the clinical changes of the lesion from the beginning of the lesions up to 2 years follow-up, documenting the complete long-term clinical course and the healing process of this entity. PMID:25191669

Ledesma-Montes, Constantino; Garcés-Ortíz, Maricela; Salcido-García, Juan Francisco; Hernández-Flores, Florentino

2015-01-01

404

Issues in benchmarking human reliability analysis methods : a literature review.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

There is a diversity of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods available for use in assessing human performance within probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). Due to the significant differences in the methods, including the scope, approach, and underlying models, there is a need for an empirical comparison investigating the validity and reliability of the methods. To accomplish this empirical comparison, a benchmarking study is currently underway that compares HRA methods with each other and against operator performance in simulator studies. In order to account for as many effects as possible in the construction of this benchmarking study, a literature review was conducted, reviewing past benchmarking studies in the areas of psychology and risk assessment. A number of lessons learned through these studies are presented in order to aid in the design of future HRA benchmarking endeavors.

Lois, Erasmia (US Nuclear Regulatory Commission); Forester, John Alan; Tran, Tuan Q. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt; Boring, Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-04-01

405

THE COGNITIVE PLANNING IN INFANTS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE  

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Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the literature about cognitive planning in infants. The studies reviewed were organized according to four perspectives which were identified: (1 the developmental approach; (2 the information processing perspective; (3 the functional approach, and (4 the cognitive change perspective. The compiled information allows viewing the infant as a flexible individual, with capacity to adapt its thought process to challenging and attractive problem situations, thanks to the ability to handle rather abstract representations from very early ages. In terms of methodology, two polarities can be observed in this paper: First, the declarative – procedural one which refers to protocols of task administration. Second, the open and closed one which refers to the type of task used by researchers. In this respect, the paper poses questions about the tasks used and their relevance to the analysis and understanding of planning processes in the preschool years

Rojas Ospina, Tatiana

2006-12-01

406

Cardiac tamponade in Still disease: a review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adult onset Still disease is an unusual multisystem inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. Among its protean manifestations is pericarditis which occurs in approximately 30-40% of patients. Cardiac tamponade is a rare complication of pericarditis occurring in the context of Still disease. We conducted a review of the English literature pertaining to the occurrence of pericardial tamponade in Still disease. We searched relevant journals and the PubMed Medline databases. A total of eighteen reported cases were identified; ten among children and eight in adults. Treatment of pericardial tamponade was medical therapy alone in two cases versus combined modality, medical and surgical drainage in the remainder of the cases. Outcomes were death among four of the ten children and there was no recurrence of tamponade in the remaining child and adult series. This review re-emphasizes the importance of considering Still disease in the differential diagnosis of the life-threatening emergency of pericardial tamponade. PMID:19593288

Parvez, Najma; Carpenter, John L

2009-08-01

407

Modern and contemporary physics teaching: a review on recent literature  

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Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the literature on the teaching of modern and contemporary physics performed by consulting the articles published in leading Brazilian and international journals of science education in the period 2001 to 2006. The research focused on the papers targeted to education and it resulted in a sample of 102 articles. The studies reviewed were classified into four broad categories: didactical proposals tested in classroom, bibliographical reference to teachers, survey of misconceptions, curriculum analysis. It is possible to note that, despite a significant increase on publications on the teaching of modern and contemporary physics presenting research results, most articles still refer to bibliographical reference for teachers. Although there are a considerable number of studies involving new teaching proposals, there are few studies that investigate the mechanisms involved in the process of building knowledge related to topics of modern and contemporary physics in the classroom.

Fernanda Ostermann

2009-12-01

408

Allergic conjunctivitis: a comprehensive review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ocular allergy represents one of the most common conditions encountered by allergists and ophthalmologists. Allergic conjunctivitis is often underdiagnosed and consequently undertreated. Basic and clinical research has provided a better understanding of the cells, mediators, and immunologic events, which occur in ocular allergy. New pharmacological agents have improved the efficacy and safety of ocular allergy treatment. An understanding of the immunologic mechanisms, clinical features, differential diagnosis, and treatment of ocular allergy may be useful to all specialists who deal with these patients. The purpose of this review is to systematically review literature underlining all the forms classified as ocular allergy: seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, perennial allergic conjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, atopic keratocongiuntivitis, contact allergy, and giant papillary conjunctivitis. PMID:23497516

La Rosa, Mario; Lionetti, Elena; Reibaldi, Michele; Russo, Andrea; Longo, Antonio; Leonardi, Salvatore; Tomarchio, Stefania; Avitabile, Teresio; Reibaldi, Alfredo

2013-01-01

409

Issues in benchmarking human reliability analysis methods: A literature review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is a diversity of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods available for use in assessing human performance within probabilistic risk assessments (PRA). Due to the significant differences in the methods, including the scope, approach, and underlying models, there is a need for an empirical comparison investigating the validity and reliability of the methods. To accomplish this empirical comparison, a benchmarking study comparing and evaluating HRA methods in assessing operator performance in simulator experiments is currently underway. In order to account for as many effects as possible in the construction of this benchmarking study, a literature review was conducted, reviewing past benchmarking studies in the areas of psychology and risk assessment. A number of lessons learned through these studies is presented in order to aid in the design of future HRA benchmarking endeavors.

410

Information Technology in Facilities Management - A Literature Review  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose : The aim of this paper is to present the state of the art of research in Information Technology (IT) in Facilities Management (FM). Background : Initial studies indicate that investments into IT in FM often do not add the expected value, neither to the FM department itself nor to the organisation supported by the FM department. A basis for further research into this complex and inter-disciplinary area is therefore needed. This literature review will contribute to this basis. Approach, Theory/Methodology : Based on a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method, journal articles, with a focus on IT in FM were found. Relevant articles were organized in categories according to focus on 1. technology, 2. IT layer, 3. FM process, 4. theory and research method applied, and 5. type of findings. Finally research gaps were identified. Results and practical implications : There seems to be a general belief in technology combinations as a way to speed up the rather slow IT diffusion process in FM. It is documented that current research into IT in FM has an unbalanced focus on few specific technologies, IT layers and FM processes, and that further research should focus more on the IT implementation process and use. Knowledge from implementation and use could be fed back into (and strengthen) conceptualization and development, thereby adding more value to FM. Research limitations : The review is limited to the period 2008-2013. Only the search engine Scopus is used. Originality/value : This is the first review paper focusing on IT in general in FM, giving an overview of the area and delivering a basis for further research.

Ebbesen, Poul

2015-01-01

411

When All Children Comprehend: Increasing the External Validity of Narrative Comprehension Development Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Narratives, also called stories, can be found in conversations, children’s play interactions, reading material, and television programs. From infancy to adulthood, narrative comprehension processes interpret events and inform our understanding of physical and social environments. These processes have been extensively studied to ascertain the multifaceted nature of narrative comprehension. From this research we know that three overlapping processes (i.e., knowledge integration, goal structure understanding, and causal inference generation proposed by the constructionist paradigm are necessary for narrative comprehension, narrative comprehension has a predictive relationship with children’s later reading performance, and comprehension processes are generalizable to other contexts. Much of the previous research has emphasized internal and predictive validity; thus, limiting the generalizability of previous findings. We are concerned these limitations may be excluding underrepresented populations from benefits and implications identified by early comprehension processes research. This review identifies gaps in extant literature regarding external validity and argues for increased emphasis on externally valid research. We highlight limited research on narrative comprehension processes in children from low-income and minority populations, and argue for changes in comprehension assessments. Specifically, we argue both on- and off-line assessments should be used across various narrative types (e.g., picture books, televised narratives with traditionally underserved and underrepresented populations. We propose increasing the generalizability narrative comprehension processes research can inform persistent reading achievement gaps, and have practical implications for how children learn from narratives.

DanielleD.Brown

2014-03-01

412

When all children comprehend: increasing the external validity of narrative comprehension development research  

Science.gov (United States)

Narratives, also called stories, can be found in conversations, children's play interactions, reading material, and television programs. From infancy to adulthood, narrative comprehension processes interpret events and inform our understanding of physical and social environments. These processes have been extensively studied to ascertain the multifaceted nature of narrative comprehension. From this research we know that three overlapping processes (i.e., knowledge integration, goal structure understanding, and causal inference generation) proposed by the constructionist paradigm are necessary for narrative comprehension, narrative comprehension has a predictive relationship with children's later reading performance, and comprehension processes are generalizable to other contexts. Much of the previous research has emphasized internal and predictive validity; thus, limiting the generalizability of previous findings. We are concerned these limitations may be excluding underrepresented populations from benefits and implications identified by early comprehension processes research. This review identifies gaps in extant literature regarding external validity and argues for increased emphasis on externally valid research. We highlight limited research on narrative comprehension processes in children from low-income and minority populations, and argue for changes in comprehension assessments. Specifically, we argue both on- and off-line assessments should be used across various narrative types (e.g., picture books, televised narratives) with traditionally underserved and underrepresented populations. We propose increasing the generalizability of narrative comprehension processes research can inform persistent reading achievement gaps, and have practical implications for how children learn from narratives. PMID:24659973

Burris, Silas E.; Brown, Danielle D.

2014-01-01

413

Giant frontal osteoma: case report with review of literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diagnosis of frontal osteoma is usually by chance, but rarely these can produce exceptional ophthalmologic and neurological complications apart from cosmetic disfigurement. Etiology of frontal osteoma may be multifactorial. Surgical management should be site and size specific. A combination of open surgery and endoscopic methods would help confirm complete removal of the tumor. Here we report a fronto-ethmoidal osteoma of size 7.1 × 5.3 × 5.1 cm which is one of the largest reported in literature. Also, we have done an extensive web search and text based review of the literature on frontal osteoma in terms of its incidence, etiology, pathology, clinical presentation, complications and important developments in management. The available literature and our own experience suggest that even large osteoma arising in the fronto-ethmoid region can be completely removed surgically with minimum complications. The surgical approach can be varied according to the extent of the tumor and patient considerations. A regular follow up is necessary in asymptomatic cases being treated conservatively, in view of the potential complications. PMID:22754862

Vishwakarma, Rajesh; Joseph, Shawn T; Patel, Kalpesh B; Sharma, Arpit

2011-07-01

414

SKU classification: A literature review and conceptual framework  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose: Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) classifications are widely used in the field of production and operations management. Although many theoretical and practical examples of classifications exist, there are no overviews of the current literature, and general guidelines are lacking with respect to method selection for classifying SKUs. The purpose of this paper is to systematically synthesise the earlier work in this area, and to conceptualise and discuss the factors that influence the choice of a specific SKU classification. Design/methodology/approach: This paper structurally reviews existing contributions and synthesises these into a conceptual framework for SKU classification. Findings: How SKUs are classified depends on the classification aim, the context and the method that is chosen. Three main production and operations management aims where found: inventory management, forecasting and production strategy. Within the method three decisions are identified to come to a classification: the characteristics, the classification technique and the operationalisation of the classes. Research limitations/implications: Drawing on our literature survey, we conclude with a conceptual framework describing the factors that influence SKU classification. Further research could use this framework to develop guidelines for real-life applications. Practical implications: Examples from a variety of industries and general directions are provided thatwhich managers could use to develop their own SKU classification. Originality/value: This paper aims to advance the literature on SKU classification from the level of individual examples to a conceptual level and provides directions on how to develop a SKU classification.

van Kampen, Tim J.; Akkerman, Renzo

2012-01-01

415

Measuring persistence: A literature review focusing on methodological issues  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This literature review was conducted as part of a larger project to produce a handbook on the measurement of persistence. The past decade has marked the development of the concept of persistence and a growing recognition that the long-term impacts of demand-side management (DSM) programs warrant careful assessment. Although Increasing attention has been paid to the topic of persistence, no clear consensus has emerged either about its definition or about the methods most appropriate for its measurement and analysis. This project strives to fill that gap by reviewing the goals, terminology, and methods of past persistence studies. It was conducted from the perspective of a utility that seeks to acquire demand-side resources and is interested in their long-term durability; it was not conducted from the perspective of the individual consumer. Over 30 persistence studies, articles, and protocols were examined for this report. The review begins by discussing the underpinnings of persistence studies: namely, the definitions of persistence and the purposes of persistence studies. Then. it describes issues relevant to both the collection and analysis of data on the persistence of energy and demand savings. Findings from persistence studies also are summarized. Throughout the review, four studies are used repeatedly to illustrate different methodological and analytical approaches to persistence so that readers can track the data collection. data analysis, and findings of a set of comprehensive studies that represent alternative approaches.

Wolfe, A.K.; Brown, M.A.; Trumble, D.

1995-03-01

416

Prevalence of heat and perspiration discomfort inside prostheses: Literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available People with limb amputation deal with thermal stresses in their daily activities. Unfortunately, in the majority of this population, all thermal transfer mechanisms, including convection, radiation, evaporation, and conduction, can be disturbed due to the prosthetic socket barrier, decreased body surface area, and/or vascular disease. The thermal environment inside prosthetic sockets, in addition to decreased quality of life and prosthesis use, comfort, and satisfaction, could put people with amputation at high risk for skin irritations. The current review explores the importance of thermal and perspiration discomfort inside prosthetic sockets by providing an insight into the prevalence of the problem. The literature search was performed in two databases, PubMed and Web of Knowledge, to find relevant articles. After considering the review criteria and hand-searching the reference sections of the selected studies, 38 studies were listed for review and data extraction. This review revealed that more than 53% of people with amputation in the selected studies experienced heat and/or perspiration discomfort inside their prostheses. In spite of great technological advances, current prostheses are unable to resolve this problem. Therefore, more attention must be paid by researchers, clinicians, and manufacturers of prosthetic components to thermal-related biomechanics of soft tissues, proper fabrication technique, material selection, and introduction of efficient thermoregulatory systems.

Kamiar Ghoseiri, PhD Candidate

2014-10-01

417

Supported decision making: A review of the international literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Supported decision making (SDM) refers to the process of supporting people, whose decision making ability may be impaired, to make decisions and so promote autonomy and prevent the need for substitute decision making. There have been developments in SDM but mainly in the areas of intellectual disabilities and end-of-life care rather than in mental health. The main aim of this review was to provide an overview of the available evidence relevant to SDM and so facilitate discussion of how this aspect of law, policy and practice may be further developed in mental health services. The method used for this review was a Rapid Evidence Assessment which involved: developing appropriate search strategies; searching relevant databases and grey literature; then assessing, including and reviewing relevant studies. Included studies were grouped into four main themes: studies reporting stakeholders' views on SDM; studies identifying barriers to the implementation of SDM; studies highlighting ways to improve implementation; and studies on the impact of SDM. The available evidence on implementation and impact, identified by this review, is limited but there are important rights-based, effectiveness and pragmatic arguments for further developing and researching SDM for people with mental health problems. PMID:25676814

Davidson, Gavin; Kelly, Berni; Macdonald, Geraldine; Rizzo, Maria; Lombard, Louise; Abogunrin, Oluwaseye; Clift-Matthews, Victoria; Martin, Alison

2015-01-01

418

Reviewing history in apocalyptic literature as ideological strategy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Reviews of history are ideological constructions. This article investigates historical reviews in the apocalyptic literature of Daniel and Ethiopic Enoch. In Daniel 2 a fourfold scheme of successive kingdoms/empires/eras is used to persuade the hearers that their political trials will come to an end. In Daniel 7 a theology of history is formulated in terms of animal symbols and four consecutive eras. This review is used to proclaim God’s total sovereignty over kings and kingdoms. The faithful can only wait with patience for God to bring history to its finalisation. In Enoch’s Apocalypse of the Weeks a historical review of humanity’s history is used to advocate the eschatological hope of the annihilation of sin and eternal vindication of righteousness. Summaries of history in the form of the traditional biblical history (1 Enoch 85-89 and an Animal Vision (1 Enoch 89-90 of seventy periods is used to appraise contemporary political-military events and advocate the reader’s participation in these actions as eschatological liberating events.

P.M. Venter

2009-11-01

419

Therapeutic Options in Idiopathic Burning Mouth Syndrome: Literature Review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Introduction Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is characterized by a burning sensation in the tongue, palate, lips, or gums of no well-defined etiology. The diagnosis and treatment for primary BMS are controversial. No specific laboratory tests or diagnostic criteria are well established, and the diagno [...] sis is made by excluding all other possible disorders. Objective To review the literature on the main treatment options in idiopathic BMS and compare the best results of the main studies in 15 years. Data Synthesis We conducted a literature review on PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO, and Cochrane-BIREME of work in the past 15 years, and only selected studies comparing different therapeutic options in idiopathic BMS, with preference for randomized and double-blind controlled studies. Final Comments Topical clonazepam showed good short-term results for the relief of pain, although this was not presented as a definitive cure. Similarly, ?-lipoic acid showed good results, but there are few randomized controlled studies that showed the longterm results and complete remission of symptoms. On the other hand, cognitive therapy is reported as a good and lasting therapeutic option with the advantage of not having side effects, and it can be combined with pharmacologic therapy.

Ivan, Miziara; Azis, Chagury; Camila, Vargas; Ludmila, Freitas; Ali, Mahmoud.

2015-03-01

420

Human factors evaluation of teletherapy: Literature review. Volume 5  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A series of human factors evaluations were undertaken to better understand the contributing factors to human error in the teletherapy environment. Teletherapy is a multidisciplinary methodology for treating cancerous tissue through selective exposure to an external beam of ionizing radiation. A team of human factors specialists, assisted by a panel of radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and radiation therapists, conducted site visits to radiation oncology departments at community hospitals, university centers, and free-standing clinics. A function and task analysis was performed initially to guide subsequent evaluations in the areas of workplace environment, system-user interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices. To further acquire an in-depth and up-to-date understanding of the practice of teletherapy in support of these evaluations, a systematic literature review was conducted. Factors that have a potential impact on the accuracy of treatment delivery were of primary concern. The present volume is the literature review. The volume starts with an overview of the multiphased nature of teletherapy, and then examines the requirement for precision, the increasing role of quality assurance, current conceptualizations of human error, and the role of system factors such as the workplace environment, user-system interfaces, procedures, training, and organizational practices

421

Organizational Commitment, job satisfaction and intention to stay: Literature review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper is to analyse the existing theoretical frameworks of organisational behaviour and job satisfaction while taking into account, in connection with working conditions, the social and economic changes that are taking place in most of the western countries. The analysis and discussion suggest the need for new lines of research to determine whether the current practices carried out in human resources departments are well directed. Design/methodology/approach: First, we show a short review of the classical literature and the predominant paradigms through an exhaustive review of the scientific literature that has led to their subsequent evolution. Afterwards, we analyse the evidence sustaining their evolution in the light of the current changes, and we explain the future research needs from a theoretical point of view. Research limitation/implications: Owing to the nature of the article, it is a theoretical essay to launch a new scientific debate in connection with the models displayed and fully justified. Practical implications depend on the development of future research, as justified at all times. Originality/value: Currently, few investigations and theoretical contributions have taken into account the increase in contingent work, and more specifically moonlighting, either from an empirical perspective or as a theoretical critique of the existing organisational behaviour models. The main value of this essay is its invitation to take control of the debate while analysing its possible practical implications.

Joan Llobet

2013-12-01

422

Osseointegrated dental implants in growing children: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Edentulism is usually associated with the aging patient. However, total or partial tooth loss also affects young individuals, mainly as a result of trauma, decay, anodontia, or congenital and acquired jaw defects involving the alveolar processes. For elderly patients, the use of oral implants has become an accepted treatment modality for edentulism, and most of today's knowledge regarding implants is based on such practice. There has been hesitation to perform implant therapy for growing children; hence, few children to date have been provided with implant-supported construction. Consequently, little is known about the outcome of the osseointegration procedure in young patients, and until now, only a limited number of case presentations have been reported. This article reviews the current literature to discuss the use of dental implants in growing patients and the influence of maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental growth on the stability of those implants. The literature review was performed through Science Direct, Wileys Blackwell Synergy, PubMed, Google, Embase, Medknow publications, and Springer for references published from 1963 to 2011. It is recommended to wait for the completion of dental and skeletal growth, except for severe cases of ectodermal dysplasia. PMID:22214484

Mankani, Nivedita; Chowdhary, Ramesh; Patil, Brijesh A; Nagaraj, E; Madalli, Poornima

2014-10-01

423

Pancreaticoduodenectomy following total gastrectomy: A case report and literature review  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a case of afferent loop syndrome (ALS) occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in a patient who had previously undergone total gastrectomy (TG), and review the English-language literature concerning reconstruction procedures following PD in patients who had undergone TG. The patient was a 69-year-old man who had undergone TG reconstruction by a Roux-en-Y method at age 58 years. The patient underwent PD for pancreas head adenocarcinoma. A jejunal limb previously made at the prior TG was used for pancreaticojejunostomy and hepaticojejunostomy. Despite normal patency of the hepaticojejunostomy, he suffered from repeated postoperative cholangitis which was brought on by ALS due to shortness of the jejunal limb (15 cm in length). We therefore performed receliotomy in which the hepaticojejunostomy was disconnected and reconstructed using a new Y limb 40-cm in length constructed in a double Roux-en-Y fashion. The refractory cholangitis resolved immediately after the receliotomy and did not recur. Review of the literature revealed the lack of any current consensus for a standard proc