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Sample records for n-substituted aryl compounds

  1. Palladium-Catalyzed Carbonylation of Aryl Bromides with N-Substituted Cyanamides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lian, Zhong; Friis, Stig D.

    2014-01-01

    The palladium(0)-catalyzed three-component coupling reaction of aryl bromides, carbon monoxide, and N-alkyl cyan­amides has been developed employing a two-chamber system with ex situ generation of carbon monoxide from a silacarboxylic acid. The reactions proceeded well and were complete with a reaction time of only five hours leading to the corresponding N-alkyl cyanamides in good yields. The methodology was further extended to 13C isotope labeling of the carbonyl group through the use of a 13CO produced from the corresponding 13C-labeled version of the sila­carboxylic acid.

  2. N-substituted derivatives of 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl-2-sulfanyl acetamide as valuable bioactive compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the described research work, a new series of N-substituted derivatives of 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-Oxadiazol-2-yl-2-sulfanyl acetamide has been synthesized. The synthesis was carried out by converting 4-chlorobenzoic acid (1) into ethyl 4-chlorobenzoate (2), 4-chlorobenzohydrazide (3) and then 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3,4-Oxadiazol-2-thiol (4) respectively. The target molecules 6a-o were synthesized by reacting compound 4 with different N-alkyl/aryl substituted 2-bromoacetamide (5a-o) in equimolar ratios of using DMF and sodium hydride (NaH). The structure of all the synthesized compounds was confirmed by spectral data like EI-MS, IR and 1H-NMR. The compounds were also analysed for antimicrobial and hemolytic activity and most of them were found active against the selected microbial species at variable extent relative to reference standards. But 6f and 6o were the active against the selected panel of microbes and former was most potent one. This series revealed less toxicity and may consider for further biological screening and application trial except 6g and 6j, exhibiting high cytotoxicity. (author)

  3. Historical and modern epidemiological studies on populations exposed to N-substituted aryl compounds.

    OpenAIRE

    Cartwright, R A

    1983-01-01

    The historical exposures to aromatic amines of various occupational groups are briefly reviewed. Modern studies indicate that other occupational groups might have risks worth investigating; these include machinists and workers in the chemical industry. Details of a recent investigation into the exposure of dye workers are given which indicate a lowered risk in recent years since the introduction of safety measures. Nonoccupational exposures to the aromatic amines are also discussed. They incl...

  4. Evaluation of N-substitution in 6,7-benzomorphan compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquinucci, Lorella; Prezzavento, Orazio; Marrazzo, Agostino; Amata, Emanuele; Ronsisvalle, Simone; Georgoussi, Zafiroula; Fourla, Danai-Dionysia; Scoto, Giovanna M; Parenti, Carmela; Aricò, Giuseppina; Ronsisvalle, Giuseppe

    2010-07-15

    6,7-benzomorphan derivatives, exhibiting different mu, delta, and kappa receptor selectivity profiles depending on the N-substituent, represent a useful skeleton for the synthesis of new and better analgesic agents. In this work, an aromatic ring and/or alkyl residues have been used with an N-propanamide or N-acetamide spacer for the synthesis of a new series of 5,9-dimethyl-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomorphan derivatives (12-22). Data obtained by competition binding assays showed that the mu opioid receptor seems to prefer an interaction with the 6,7-benzomorphan ligands having an N-substituent with a propanamide spacer and less hindered amide. Highly stringent features are required for delta receptor interaction, while an N-acetamide spacer and/or bulkier amide could preferentially lead to kappa receptor selectivity. In the propanamide series, compound 12 (named LP1) displayed high mu affinity (Ki=0.83 nM), good delta affinity (Ki=29 nM) and low affinity for the kappa receptor (Ki=110 nM), with a selectivity ratio delta/mu and kappa/mu of 35.1 and 132.5, respectively. Further, in the adenylyl cyclase assay, LP1 displayed a mu/delta agonist profile, with IC50 values of 4.8 and 12 nM at the mu and delta receptors, respectively. The antinociceptive potency of LP1 in the tail-flick test after sc administration in rat was comparable with the potency of morphine (ED50=2.03 and 2.7 mg/kg, respectively), and was totally reversed by naloxone. LP1, possessing a mu/delta agonist profile, could represent a lead in further developing benzomorphan-based ligands with potent in vivo analgesic activity and a reduced tendency to induce side effects. PMID:20599386

  5. 40 CFR 721.9597 - Salt of a substituted sulfonated aryl azo compound (generic).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...Salt of a substituted sulfonated aryl azo compound (generic). 721.9597 Section...Salt of a substituted sulfonated aryl azo compound (generic). (a) Chemical substance...salt of a substituted sulfonated aryl azo compound (PMN P-00-0094) is subject...

  6. One-pot, three-component synthesis of 7-azaindole derivatives from N-substituted 2-amino-4-cyanopyrroles, various aldehydes, and active methylene compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilches-Herrera, Marcelo; Knepper, Ingo; de Souza, Nayane; Villinger, Alexander; Sosnovskikh, Vyacheslav Ya; Iaroshenko, Viktor O

    2012-07-01

    An efficient and practical route to 7-azaindole framework has been developed by one-pot, three-component cyclocondensation of N-substituted 2-amino-4-cyanopyrroles, various aldehydes, and active methylene compounds in ethanol or acetic acid at reflux. Reactions involving tetronic acid, indane-1,3-dione, dimedone, and 5-phenylcyclohexane-1,3-dione gave carbocyclic fused 7-azaindoles, whereas Meldrum's acid, benzoylacetonitrile, and malononitrile resulted in the highly substituted 7-azaindole derivatives, making this strategy very useful in diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS). PMID:22616767

  7. Preparing poly(aryl ethers) using alkaline earth metal carbonates, organic acid salts, and optionally copper compounds, as catalysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This patent describes an improved process for preparing poly(aryl ethers) and poly(aryl ether ketones) by the reaction of a mixture of at least one bisphenol and at least one dihalobenzenoid compound, and/or a halophenol. The improvement comprises providing to the reaction, a base which is a combination of an alkaline earth metal carbonate and/or bicarbonate and a potassium, rubidium, or cesium salt of an organic acid or combination of organic salts thereof

  8. Synthesis of positron labeled photoactive compounds: 18F labeled aryl azides for positron labeling of biochemical molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have prepared various [18F] fluorine labeled aryl azides as a novel photoactive compounds suitable for positron labeling of biochemical molecules. The introduction of fluorine substituents to aryl azides can be expected to have dramatic effects on their nature and reactivity toward photolysis. Positron labeled reagents for labeling proteins or peptides have recently attracted considerable attention due to their wide applicability in biochemistry and positron emission tomography (PET). Various labeled azide compounds are often used in biochemistry for radiolabeling biological molecules by photolysis, but there have been no reports on the preparation or use of fluorine-18 labeled azides. The authors now report a novel synthesis of 18F-labeled aryl azides which will have wide application in the biochemistry and nuclear medicine as a means for 18F-fluorine labeling for proteins, peptides, and nucleic acids. 2 tabs

  9. Rhodium-Catalyzed C-H Alkylation of Indolines with Allylic Alcohols: Direct Access to ?-Aryl Carbonyl Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Sang Hoon; Choi, Miji; Jeong, Taejoo; Sharma, Satyasheel; Mishra, Neeraj Kumar; Park, Jihye; Oh, Joa Sub; Kim, Woo Jung; Lee, Jong Suk; Kim, In Su

    2015-11-01

    The rhodium(III)-catalyzed site-selective C-H alkylation of various N-heterocycles, such as indolines, carbazoles, and pyrroles with readily available allylic alcohols is described. This protocol allows the generation of a heterocyclic scaffold containing a ?-aryl carbonyl moiety, which is known to be a crucial structural unit of biologically active compounds. PMID:26440560

  10. Photophysical investigations on some synthesized electron donor aryl-bridged compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The measurements of electronic absorption, steady-state fluorescence emission and time resolved transient spectra are made for two novel synthesized aryl-bridged compounds: 2,6-bis(4,5-dihydro-7,8-dimethoxy)-isoquinolino benzene(DIB) and 2,6-bis(4,5-dihydro-7,8-dimethoxy)-isoquinolino pyridine(DIP) at the ambient temperature in presence of the well-known electron acceptor 9-fluorenone (9FL). The energy positions of the absorption bands of both DIB and DIP are found to be similar to those of the corresponding bands of naphthalene and isoquinoline. Solvent effect shows that the two closely lying bands (260 and around 310 nm) of both DIB and DIP are of ??* type. Steady-state polarization experiments demonstrate that these two close-lying bands are responsible for two different type of transitions, 260 nm is responsible for 1La1A and 310 nm is due to 1Lb1A. This polarization study also shows that 1La and 1Lb bands are largely overlapping. Large bimolecular fluorescence quenching rates (kq?1011 M-1 s-1) observed from both intensity reduction and fluorescence lifetime quenching of the acceptor 9-fluorenone(9FL) in presence of the aryl-bridged donors indicate that the electron transfer (ET) radius is slightly greater than the hydrodynamic radius. The possibility of occurrence of some other fast non-radiative process along with photoinduced electron transfer whose possibility was tested by cyclic voltammetry measurements and presence was confirmed by laser flash photolysis study has been discussed. Transient absorption spectral measurements reveal that in the excited singlet (S1) of 9FL photoinduced ET reaction is present but in its triplet (T1) only energy transfer process is operative. Laser flash photolysis experiments provide the direct evidence for ion recombination mechanisms for production of monomeric triplets of both 9FL and the donors DIB and DIP

  11. Photophysical investigations on some synthesized electron donor aryl-bridged compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Misra, T.; Maiti, M.; Saini, R.D.; Panda, S.K.; Ganguly, T

    2003-01-15

    The measurements of electronic absorption, steady-state fluorescence emission and time resolved transient spectra are made for two novel synthesized aryl-bridged compounds: 2,6-bis(4,5-dihydro-7,8-dimethoxy)-isoquinolino benzene(DIB) and 2,6-bis(4,5-dihydro-7,8-dimethoxy)-isoquinolino pyridine(DIP) at the ambient temperature in presence of the well-known electron acceptor 9-fluorenone (9FL). The energy positions of the absorption bands of both DIB and DIP are found to be similar to those of the corresponding bands of naphthalene and isoquinoline. Solvent effect shows that the two closely lying bands (260 and around 310 nm) of both DIB and DIP are of {pi}{pi}* type. Steady-state polarization experiments demonstrate that these two close-lying bands are responsible for two different type of transitions, 260 nm is responsible for {sup 1}L{sub a}<-{sup 1}A and 310 nm is due to {sup 1}L{sub b}<-{sup 1}A. This polarization study also shows that {sup 1}L{sub a} and {sup 1}L{sub b} bands are largely overlapping. Large bimolecular fluorescence quenching rates (k{sub q}{approx}10{sup 11} M{sup -1} s{sup -1}) observed from both intensity reduction and fluorescence lifetime quenching of the acceptor 9-fluorenone(9FL) in presence of the aryl-bridged donors indicate that the electron transfer (ET) radius is slightly greater than the hydrodynamic radius. The possibility of occurrence of some other fast non-radiative process along with photoinduced electron transfer whose possibility was tested by cyclic voltammetry measurements and presence was confirmed by laser flash photolysis study has been discussed. Transient absorption spectral measurements reveal that in the excited singlet (S{sub 1}) of 9FL photoinduced ET reaction is present but in its triplet (T{sub 1}) only energy transfer process is operative. Laser flash photolysis experiments provide the direct evidence for ion recombination mechanisms for production of monomeric triplets of both 9FL and the donors DIB and DIP.

  12. Synthesis and luminescent properties of 4?-phenyl-2,2?:6?,2?-terpyridyl compounds bearing different aryl substituents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yujian; Guo, Jun [Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Liu, Rui, E-mail: rui.liu@njtech.edu.cn [Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Wang, Qiang; Jin, Xiaodong; Ma, Liangwei; Lv, Wangjie [Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Liu, Shishen; Yuan, Shidong [Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China); Zhu, Hongjun, E-mail: zhuhj@njtech.edu.cn [Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009 (China)

    2015-01-15

    A series of new 4?-phenyl-2,2?:6?,2?-terpyridine compounds bearing different aryl substituents (Ar=phenyl (1a), 2,4-difluorophenyl (1b), 4-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl (1c), 4-methoxyphenyl (1d), 9-hexyl-9H-carbazolyl (1e), 9,9-dihexyl-9H-fluorenyl (1f), 4-(diphenylamino)phenyl (1g)) were synthesized and characterized. The influence of the aryl substituents on the luminescence of these compounds is systematically investigated by spectroscopic methods and simulated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. All compounds exhibit structured absorption bands in the UV region; and broad, structureless charge-transfer bands/shoulders for 1d–1g, which systematically red-shifts when electron-donating substituents are introduced to the phenyl rings, but blue-shifts when electron-withdrawing substituents are attached on the phenyl rings. All compounds are emissive in solution at room temperature (? (table) =358–489 nm, ?{sub F}=0.16–0.92, ?{sub F}=0.77–2.24 ns), which can be attributed to {sup 1}?, ?*/{sup 1}ICT (intramolecular charge transfer) state. Their fluorescent quantum yields increases when the electron-donating aryl substituents attached on the phenyl rings. DFT calculations on 1a–1g were also performed to gain insight into the nature of the ground electronic state. As the representative of compounds with electron-donating substituents, 1f exhibited high fluorescent quantum yields (?{sub f}?0.90 in solvents) while the compounds with electron-withdrawing substituents showed relative low fluorescent quantum yields. Their photophysical properties have been investigated with the aim to provide a basis for elucidating the structure-property correlations and developing new blue light-emitting materials. - Highlights: • A series of 4?-phenyl-2,2?:6?,2?-terpyridine derivatives terminally capped with different aryl substituents. • Photophysical properties of these D-?-A or A-?-A type compounds were systematically investigated via spectroscopic, theoretical and electrochemical methods. • The relatively high fluorescence quantum yields make these compounds as potential candidates of blue light-emitting materials.

  13. Synthesis, central nervous system activity and structure-activity relationship of N-substituted derivatives of 1-arylimidazolidyn-2-ylideneurea and products of their cyclization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szaco?, El?bieta; Rz?dkowska, Marzena; Kaczor, Agnieszka A; K?dzierska, Ewa; Mazur, Antonina; Fidecka, Sylwia; Matosiuk, Dariusz

    2015-10-01

    A series of 20?N-substituted derivatives of 1-arylimidazolidyn-2-ylideneurea and products of their cyclization was designed as compounds having double antinociceptive and serotoninergic activity. Ethyl {[(1-arylimidazolidin-2-ylidene)carbamoyl]amino}acetates were prepared from 1-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-amines and ethyl isocyanatoacetate, and then converted with ammonia solution to 2-{[(1-phenylimidazolidin-2-ylidene)carbamoyl]amino}acetamides. Both series of N-substituted derivatives of 1-arylimidazolidyn-2-ylideneureas were subjected to cyclization to respective imidazo[1,2-a][1,3,5]triazines. Chain and cyclic compounds bearing ester moiety affected spontaneous locomotor activity, body temperature of mice as well as showed antinociceptive and serotoninergic activity. Interestingly, their antinociceptive activity was not reversed by naloxone, thus it is not mediated through the opioid system. Chain and cyclic compounds bearing amide moiety were devoid of central nervous system (CNS) activity which may be attributed to unfavorably low lipophilicity (connected with too high polar surface area and too small molecular volume) and poor blood-brain barrier permeation properties. PMID:25669349

  14. New efficient preparation of arylzinc compounds from aryl halides using cobalt catalysis and sacrificial anode process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosmini; Rollin; Nedelec; Perichon

    2000-09-22

    Electroreduction of aryl-chlorides or -bromides in an electrochemical cell fitted with a sacrificial zinc anode and in the presence of cobalt halide associated with pyridine as ligand in DMF or acetonitrile as solvent affords the corresponding organozinc species in good yields. PMID:10987936

  15. Structural and Spectroscopic Properties of Aryl Substituted Aminoboranes as Model Compounds and Synthons for B-C-N- Materials and New Fluorescent Systems

    OpenAIRE

    SACHDEV, Hermann; ZAHN, Nina; HUCH, Volker

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Abstract: The compounds tetraphenylaminoborane (1) and carbazonyldiphenylborane (2) can serve as examples for isolated BN- bonds substituted by aryl ligands enabling ???interactions. Such systems can serve as building blocks for new fluorescent polymers and are also suitable precursors for B-C-N materials. The compounds were characterized by multinuclear NMR-spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffractometry. Both compounds (1) and (2) are principal structures for th...

  16. Solid-Phase Synthesis of N-Substituted Pyrrolidinone Tethered N-substituted Piperidines via Ugi Reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Zhang; Nefzi, Adel

    2010-01-01

    Starting with resin-bound glutamic acid, an efficient synthesis of N-substituted pyrrolidinones is described utilizing the Ugi four-component reaction (U-4CR). The same methodology is employed to produce N-substituted pyrrolidinone tethered N-substituted piperidines.

  17. 6-shogaol, a major compound in ginger, induces aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated transcriptional activity and gene expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Kazutaka; Satsu, Hideo; Mikubo, Ayano; Ogiwara, Haru; Yakabe, Takafumi; Inakuma, Takahiro; Shimizu, Makoto

    2014-06-18

    Xenobiotics are usually detoxified by drug-metabolizing enzymes and excreted from the body. The expression of many of drug-metabolizing enzymes is regulated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Some substances in vegetables have the potential to be AHR ligands. To search for vegetable components that exhibit AHR-mediated transcriptional activity, we assessed the activity of vegetable extracts and identified the active compounds using the previously established stable AHR-responsive HepG2 cell line. Among the hot water extracts of vegetables, the highest activity was found in ginger. The ethyl acetate fraction of the ginger hot water extract remarkably induced AHR-mediated transcriptional activity, and the major active compound was found to be 6-shogaol. Subsequently, the mRNA levels of AHR-targeting drug-metabolizing enzymes (CYP1A1, UGT1A1, and ABCG 2) and the protein level of CYP1A1 in HepG2 cells were shown to be increased by 6-shogaol. This is the first report that 6-shogaol can regulate the expression of detoxification enzymes by AHR activation. PMID:24857157

  18. Novel Fluorinated Phosphorus-Sulfur Heteroatom Compounds: Synthesis and Characterization of Ferrocenyl- and Aryl-Phosphonofluorodithioic Salts, Adducts, and Esters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Guoxiong; Du, Junyi; Surgenor, Brian A; Slawin, Alexandra M Z; Woollins, J Derek

    2015-01-01

    A series of novel ferrocenyl- and aryl-phosphonofluorodithioic salts, adducts, and esters has been prepared. The reaction of 2,4-diferrocenyl-1,3,2,4-diathiadiphosphetane 2,4-disulfide {[FcP(?-S)S]2, FcLR} with dry KF or tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) led to the corresponding potassium and tetrabutylammonium salts of ferrocenyldithiofluorophosphinic acids. Treating potassium ferrocenyldithiofluorophosphinic acid with an equimolar amount of tetraphenylphosphonium chloride readily yielded the corresponding organic adducts, and with mono- and di-halogenated alkanes generated a series of the corresponding esters of ferrocenylphosphonofluoridodithioates. Similarly, using 1,3-epithionaphtho[1,8-cd][1,2,6] oxadiphosphinine 1,3-disulfide or Belleau's Reagent in place of FcLR resulted in the corresponding novel salts, adducts, and ester derivatives. All new compounds have been characterized by means of multi-NMR (1H, 13C, 31P, 19F) spectroscopy and accurate mass measurement in conjunction with single crystal X-ray crystallography of four structures. PMID:26151115

  19. Novel Fluorinated Phosphorus–Sulfur Heteroatom Compounds: Synthesis and Characterization of Ferrocenyl- and Aryl-Phosphonofluorodithioic Salts, Adducts, and Esters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoxiong Hua

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A series of novel ferrocenyl- and aryl-phosphonofluorodithioic salts, adducts, and esters has been prepared. The reaction of 2,4-diferrocenyl-1,3,2,4-diathiadiphosphetane 2,4-disulfide {[FcP(?-SS]2, FcLR} with dry KF or tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF led to the corresponding potassium and tetrabutylammonium salts of ferrocenyldithiofluorophosphinic acids. Treating potassium ferrocenyldithiofluorophosphinic acid with an equimolar amount of tetraphenylphosphonium chloride readily yielded the corresponding organic adducts, and with mono- and di-halogenated alkanes generated a series of the corresponding esters of ferrocenylphosphonofluoridodithioates. Similarly, using 1,3-epithionaphtho[1,8-cd][1,2,6] oxadiphosphinine 1,3-disulfide or Belleau’s Reagent in place of FcLR resulted in the corresponding novel salts, adducts, and ester derivatives. All new compounds have been characterized by means of multi-NMR (1H, 13C, 31P, 19F spectroscopy and accurate mass measurement in conjunction with single crystal X-ray crystallography of four structures.

  20. Mechanism of tritium-atom-promoted isotope exchange in the benzene ring: application to tritium labeling of biologically important aryl compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reaction of thermal tritium atoms, generated by microwave activation of T2 gas, with benzene and biphenyl was studied at approx. -50 and -1960C. The saturation reactions (i.e., benzene ? cyclohexane-t6) predominated over isotope exchange (i.e. benzene ? benzene-t) at-1960C. However, significant exchange labeling occurred at approx. -500C, with a concomitant reduction in the yields of saturated products. This reversal in labeled product yields at the different temperatures is due, in part, to the faster rate of H expulsion from the intermediate cyclohexadienyl radical at -500C and to the increased mobility of the warmer matrix that retards multiple T. reactions with the same aryl molecule by covering up singly tritiated intermediates. The less volatile aryl compound, biphenyl, was labeled in a diffusionally active matrix of either benzene or cyclohexane, whereas it could not be labeled otherwise

  1. Synthesis and Biological Activity of 3-N-Substituted Estrogen Derivatives as Breast Cancer Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Wan, Zhongliang; Musa, Musiliyu A.; Joseph, Patrick; Cooperwood, John S.

    2013-01-01

    3-N-substituted-estrogen derivatives were synthesized and characterized. Their antiproliferative activities against human ER (+) MCF-7 (Breast), ER (?) MDA-MB-231 (breast) and Ishikawa (endometrial) cancer cell lines were determined after 72 hours drug exposure employing CellTiter-Glo assay at concentrations ranging from (0.01-100,000 nM). The antiproliferative activities of these compounds were compared to tamoxifen (TAM), 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT, active metabolite of tamoxifen) and raloxi...

  2. Synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-substituted thiosemicarbazones of 3-(3,4-methylenedioxy)phenylpropanal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joselice e Silva, M; Alves, A J; Do Nascimento, S C

    1998-03-01

    Five new N-substituted thiosemicarbazones of 3-(3,4-methylenedioxy)phenylpropanal were synthesized. Safrole, a natural product obtained from sassafras oil (Ocotea pretiosa), was oxidized to alcohol using BH3-THF and H2O2, followed by oxidation to aldehyde using pyridinium dichromate (PDC) and condensation with five N-substituted derivatives of thiosemicarbazide. Tests were performed to evaluate the cytotoxic activity with continuous chain KB cells (epidermoide carcinoma of the floor of the mouth). Compounds 5 and 6 showed IC50 values of 1.5 and 4.6 micrograms/ml, respectively. PMID:9639871

  3. Prostaglandin hydroperoxidase-catalyzed activation of certain N-substituted aryl renal and bladder carcinogens

    OpenAIRE

    Zenser, T. V.; Cohen, S.M.; Mattammal, M. B.; Wise, R. W.; Rapp, N. S.; Davis, B B

    1983-01-01

    Certain carcinogens are thought to induce renal and bladder cancer following metabolic activation. We propose a model system for this activation and provide supporting experimental evidence. This model proposes that renal and bladder carcinogens' entry into the urinary tract is facilitated, that carcinogens are activated by the prostaglandin hydroperoxidase activity of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthetase (PES), and that activation results in covalent binding to nucleic acids which can initi...

  4. N-substituted bis-C-alkyloxadiazolones as dual effectors: efficient intermediates to amidoximes or amidines and prodrug candidates of potent antimalarials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degardin, Mélissa; Wein, Sharon; Durand, Thierry; Escale, Roger; Vial, Henry; Vo-Hoang, Yen

    2009-09-01

    A convenient route to N-substituted bis-C-alkylamidines possessing antiplasmodial activity and their oxadiazolone and amidoxime prodrug candidates, is described. These three families of compounds were available after a key N-alkylation step of the parent oxadiazolone 1a. Testing of the three compound classes in vitro and in vivo is also presented. PMID:19643611

  5. Synthesis of N-substituted N-nitrosohydroxylamines as inhibitors of mushroom tyrosinase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiino, M; Watanabe, Y; Umezawa, K

    2001-05-01

    A series of N-substituted N-nitrosohydroxylamines including six new compounds were synthesized and examined for inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase. Corresponding hydroxylamines were reacted with n-butyl nitrite to give substituted nitrosohydroxylamines as their ammonium salt. The N-substituted hydroxylamines were prepared from the primary amines via the oxaziridine, or from the carbonyl compounds via the oxime. Most of the nitrosohydroxylamines tested inhibited mushroom tyrosinase. Among them, N-cyclopentyl-N-nitrosohydroxylamine exhibited the most potent activity (IC(50)=0.6 microM), as powerful as that of tropolone, one of the most powerful inhibitors. As removal of nitroso or hydroxyl moiety, the enzyme inhibitory activity was completely diminished. Both N-nitroso group and N-hydroxy group were suggested to be essential for the activity, probably by interacting with the copper ion at the active site of the enzyme. Lineweaver-Burk plotting showed that cupferron was a competitive inhibitor but that N-cyclopentyl-N-nitrosohydroxylamine was not. PMID:11377181

  6. Synthesis of N-substituted acyclic ?-amino acids and their investigation as GABA uptake inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitka, Ingolf; Allmendinger, Lars; Fülep, Günther; Höfner, Georg; Wanner, Klaus T

    2013-07-01

    In this publication, we describe the synthesis of new inhibitors for the GABA transporter subtypes GAT1 and especially GAT3. We started with 3-aminopropanoic acid possessing a distinct preference for GAT3 in comparison to GAT1 and furthermore its homolog 3-aminobutanoic acid. A series of respective N-substituted amino acids was synthesized by selective N-monoalkylation of these parent structures with 6 different arylalkyl alcohols via a Mitsunobu-type reaction. The resulting compounds were investigated for their inhibitory potency GABA transporter subtypes. Among all tested compounds the 4,4-diphenylbut-3-enyl substituted 3-aminobutanoic acid (rac)-6b showed highest potency with a pIC50 value of 5.34 at GAT1. Unfortunately, the expected GAT3 potency for 2-[tris(4-methoxyphenyl)methoxy]ethyl substituted derivatives was not as high as observed for the respective nipecotic acid derivatives. PMID:23770450

  7. Activity of Antifungal Organobismuth(III Compounds Derived from Alkyl Aryl Ketones against S. cerevisiae: Comparison with a Heterocyclic Bismuth Scaffold Consisting of a Diphenyl Sulfone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshihiro Murafuji

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A series of hypervalent organobismuth(III compounds derived from alkyl aryl ketones [XBi(5-R'C6H3-2-COR(Ar] was synthesized to investigate the effect of the compounds’ structural features on their antifungal activity against the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In contrast to bismuth heterocycles [XBi(5-RC6H3-2-SO2C6H4-1'-] derived from diphenyl sulfones, a systematic quantitative structure-activity relationship study was possible. The activity depended on the Ar group and increased for heavier X atoms, whereas lengthening the alkyl chain (R or introducing a substituent (R' reduced the activity. IBi(C6H4-2-COCH3(4-FC6H4 was the most active. Its activity was superior to that of the related acyclic analogues ClBi[C6H4-2-CH2N(CH32](Ar and ClBi(C6H4-2-SO2 tert-Bu(Ar and also comparable to that of heterocyclic ClBi(C6H4-2-SO2C6H4-1'-, which was the most active compound in our previous studies. Density function theory calculations suggested that hypervalent bismuthanes undergo nucleophilic addition with a biomolecule at the bismuth atom to give an intermediate ate complex. For higher antifungal activity, adjusting the lipophilicity-hydrophilicity balance, modeling the three-dimensional molecular structure around the bismuth atom, and stabilizing the ate complex appear to be more important than tuning the Lewis acidity at the bismuth atom.

  8. Formation of aryl and aryldiazenyl complexes in reactions of arylhydrazines and aryldiazenes with a synthetic model compound of haemoprotein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinuta, M; Matteson, J L; Itano, H A

    1986-01-01

    The anaerobic reaction of chelated protohaemin, a synthetic model compound of ferrihaemoglobin, with phenyldiazene produced a compound with the visible-absorption spectrum of a ferrihaemochrome. The compound reacted with CN-, which is a ligand of both ferric and ferrous porphyrins, to produce the complex of the synthetic ferrihaemoglobin with CN-. Though the spectrum of the compound formed by the addition of phenyldiazene to chelated protohaemin is characteristic of a ferric porphyrin complex, this compound reacted with both toluene-p-sulphonylmethyl isocyanide and CO, which are strong ligands of ferrous porphyrins, to produce the corresponding ferrous complexes. These ligand-binding reactions indicated that the complex of chelated protohaem with phenyldiazene can behave either as a complex of a ferric porphyrin with phenyldiazenyl anion (C6H5N = N-) or a complex of a ferrous porphyrin with phenyldiazenyl radical (C6H5N = N.). Para substituents on phenyldiazene were without effect on the formation of 4-substituted phenyldiazenyl complexes with chelated protohaem. Ortho substituents resulted in less-stable complexes. The phenyl complex of chelated protohaem was prepared by the aerobic reaction of phenylhydrazine with chelated protohaemin, and its structure was confirmed by its n.m.r. spectrum. The ligand-binding properties, n.m.r. spectrum and absorption spectrum of this complex differed from those of the phenyldiazenyl complex. The phenyl complex also was produced when the phenyldiazenyl complex was exposed to O2. PMID:3827856

  9. MICROWAVE ASSISTED SYNTHESIS OF FLUORO, CHLORO, 2-N (SUBSTITUTED SCHIFF’S BASES AMINO BENZOTHIAZOLES FOR THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTITUBERCULAR ACTIVITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. S. M. Hipparagi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The present research work is aimed to synthesize a series of various substituted benzothiazole derivatives containing 7-chloro-6-fluoro-N(substituted hydrozones- benzothiazole.Structures of compounds have been established by means of IR, 1H-NMR and elemental analysis. All the compounds were evaluated foe antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular activities. Most of the compounds have shown significant antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular activity when compared with the standard drug.

  10. Modern Arylation Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Ackermann, Lutz

    2009-01-01

    Today, arylation methods are belonging to the most important reaction types in organic synthesis. Lutz Ackermann, a young and ambitious professor has gathered a number of top international authors to present the first comprehensive book on the topic. Starting from a historical review, the book covers hot topics like Palladium-catalyzed arylation of N-H and alpha-C-H-acidic Bonds, Copper-catalyzed arylation of N-H and O-H Bonds, direct arylation reactions, carbanion aromatic synthesis, arylation reactions of alkenes, alkynes and much more. This compact source of high quality information is indi

  11. Transition Metal Catalyzed Synthesis of Aryl Sulfides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chad C. Eichman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of aryl sulfides in biologically active compounds has resulted in the development of new methods to form carbon-sulfur bonds. The synthesis of aryl sulfides via metal catalysis has significantly increased in recent years. Historically, thiolates and sulfides have been thought to plague catalyst activity in the presence of transition metals. Indeed, strong coordination of thiolates and thioethers to transition metals can often hinder catalytic activity; however, various catalysts are able to withstand catalyst deactivation and form aryl carbon-sulfur bonds in high-yielding transformations. This review discusses the metal-catalyzed arylation of thiols and the use of disulfides as metal-thiolate precursors for the formation of C-S bonds.

  12. Novel multicomponent synthesis of 2,9-dihydro-9-methyl-2-oxo-4-aryl- 1-pyrido[2,3-]indole-3-carbonitrile compounds

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Saman Damavandi; Reza Sandaroos

    2013-01-01

    Novel multicomponent approach for the synthesis of 2,9-dihydro-2-oxo-4-aryl-1-pyrido[2,3-]indole-3-carbonitrile derivatives via one-pot cyclocondensation reaction of substituted (triethoxymethyl) arene, 1-methyl-1-indol-2-ol and cyanoacetamide in the presence of silica supported ionic liquid [pmim]HSO$_{4SiO2}$ (silica-supported 1-methyl-3-(triethoxysilylpropyl)imidazolium hydrogensulphate) has been reported.

  13. Novel N-substituted aminobenzamide scaffold derivatives targeting the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV enzyme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Balas QA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Qosay A Al-Balas,1 Munia F Sowaileh,1 Mohammad A Hassan,1 Amjad M Qandil,1,2 Karem H Alzoubi,3 Nizar M Mhaidat,3 Ammar M Almaaytah,4 Omar F Khabour51Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, College of Pharmacy, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 4Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 5Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, JordanBackground: The dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV enzyme is considered a pivotal target for controlling normal blood sugar levels in the body. Incretins secreted in response to ingestion of meals enhance insulin release to the blood, and DPP-IV inactivates these incretins within a short period and stops their action. Inhibition of this enzyme escalates the action of incretins and induces more insulin to achieve better glucose control in diabetic patients. Thus, inhibition of this enzyme will lead to better control of blood sugar levels.Methods: In this study, computer-aided drug design was used to help establish a novel N-substituted aminobenzamide scaffold as a potential inhibitor of DPP-IV. CDOCKER software available from Discovery Studio 3.5 was used to evaluate a series of designed compounds and assess their mode of binding to the active site of the DPP-IV enzyme. The designed compounds were synthesized and tested against a DPP-IV enzyme kit provided by Enzo Life Sciences. The synthesized compounds were characterized using proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and determination of melting point.Results: Sixty-nine novel compounds having an N-aminobenzamide scaffold were prepared, with full characterization. Ten of these compounds showed more in vitro activity against DPP-IV than the reference compounds, with the most active compounds scoring 38% activity at 100 µM concentration.Conclusion: The N-aminobenzamide scaffold was shown in this study to be a valid scaffold for inhibiting the DPP-IV enzyme. Continuing work could unravel more active compounds possessing the same scaffold.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, dipeptidyl peptidase-IV, aminobenzamide derivatives, hypoglycemic activity, CDOCKER software

  14. Structural Requirements of N-Substituted Spiropiperidine Analogues as Agonists of Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ Receptor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Yang

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NOP receptor is involved in a wide range of biological functions, including pain, anxiety, depression and drug abuse. Especially, its agonists have great potential to be developed into anxiolytics. In this work, both the ligand- and receptor-based three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship (3D-QSAR studies were carried out using comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA techniques on 103 N-substituted spiropiperidine analogues as NOP agonists. The resultant optimal ligand-based CoMSIA model exhibited Q2 of 0.501, R2ncv of 0.912 and its predictive ability was validated by using an independent test set of 26 compounds which gave R2pred value of 0.818. In addition, docking analysis and molecular dynamics simulation (MD were also applied to elucidate the probable binding modes of these agonists. Interpretation of the 3D contour maps, in the context of the topology of the active site of NOP, provided insight into the NOP-agonist interactions. The information obtained from this work can be used to accurately predict the binding affinity of related agonists and also facilitate the future rational design of novel agonists with improved activity.

  15. Vibrational and electronic spectra of N-aryl ring substituted (Z)-N-(4-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-phenylthiazol-2(3H)-ylidene)benzamide compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Y. B. Shankar; Mohan, S. Ram; Veeraiah, V.

    2015-04-01

    In the present paper the vibrational, electronic and nonlinear optical properties of three N-aryl ring substituted (Z)-N-(4-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-phenylthiazol-2(3H)-ylidene)benzamide compounds have been investigated by UV-vis, FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopic measurements. The electrochemical properties of the compounds were measured by cyclic voltammetry. Density functional theory calculations with B3LYP/6-31 + G(d,p) basis set was used to determine the ground state molecular geometries (bond lengths and bond angles), harmonic vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities and Raman activities of title compounds. Potential energy distributions (PEDs) and normal modes, for the spectral data computed at B3LYP/6-31 + G(d,p) level, have also been obtained from force-field calculations. A comparison of the theoretical spectra and experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the title molecule has been made and full vibrational assignments of the observed spectra have been proposed. The substituent effect on the electronic properties of the title compounds were investigated by time-dependent density functional theory calculations.

  16. Structure-activity relationships for novel drug precursor N-substituted-6-acylbenzothiazolon derivatives: A theoretical approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    S?d?r, Yadigar Gülseven; S?d?r, ?sa

    2013-08-01

    In this study, the twelve new modeled N-substituted-6-acylbenzothiazolon derivatives having analgesic analog structure have been investigated by quantum chemical methods using a lot of electronic parameters and structure-activity properties; such as molecular polarizability (?), dipole moment (?), EHOMO, ELUMO, q-, qH+, molecular volume (Vm), ionization potential (IP), electron affinity (EA), electronegativity (?), molecular hardness (?), molecular softness (S), electrophilic index (?), heat of formation (HOF), molar refractivity (MR), octanol-water partition coefficient (log P), thermochemical properties (entropy (S), capacity of heat (Cv)); as to investigate activity relationships with molecular structure. The correlations of log P with Vm, MR, ?, EA, EHOMO - ELUMO (?E), HOF in aqueous phase, ?, ?, S, ? parameters, respectively are obtained, while the linear relation of log P with IP, Cv, HOF in gas phase are not observed. The log P parameter is obtained to be depending on different properties of compounds due to their complexity.

  17. Study of germathiazolidines and germylated dithiocetals derived from N-substituted cysteamine and methylcysteamine: synthesis and radioprotective activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synthesis and pharmacological studies (toxicity, radioprotective activity) of new N-substituted germathiazolidines and germylated dithioacetals prepared from N-substituted cysteamine and methylcysteamine by an acetyl group or a partial amino acid are described. A notable decrease in the toxicity and a rather important increase in the radioprotective activity of these new organometallic molecules compared to N-substituted cysteamine and methylcysteamine have been observed

  18. Substituent and structural effects on the kinetics of the reaction of N-(substituted phenylmethylene-m- and -p-aminobenzoic acids with diazodiphenylmethane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRATISLAV Z. JOVANOVIC

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The rate constants for the reaction of twenty-two N-(substituted phenyl methylene-m- and -p-aminobenzoic acids with diazodiphenylmethane were determined in absolute ethanol at 30 °C. The effects of substituents on the reactivity of the investigated compounds were interpreted by correlation of the rate constants with LFER equations. The results of quantum mechanical calculations of the mole cular structure together with experimental results gave a better insight into the effects of structure on the transmission of electronic effects of the substituents. New ? constants for substituted benzylideneamino group were calculated.

  19. Synthesis and acetylcholinesterase (AChE inhibitory activity of some N -substituted-5-chloro-2(3 H - benzoxazolone derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep Soyer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system. Acetylcholinesterase inhibition is one of the proposed mechanisms for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Currently, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as tacrine,donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine are applied in different stages of Alzheimer’s disease teratment. In recent years, various heterocyclic systems have been used as a skeletonto discover new acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. On the other hand, it is known that the benzoxazolone heterocyclic structure exhibited a wide range of biological activities. In this study, a seriesN-substituted-5-chloro-2(3H-benzoxazolone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated their acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity. These compounds were synthesized by Mannich reaction of 5-chloro-2(3H-benzoxazolone with the appropriated amines.The acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of the title compounds was determined by colorimetric Ellman’s method. The preliminary screening results indicated that 5-chloro-2-(3H-benzoxazolone scaffold demonstrated different inhibition range againstacetylcholinesterase enzyme depending on the structural differences

  20. Synthesis and Photophysical Properties of 2-Aryl-6,8-bis(arylethenyl-4-methoxyquinolines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tebogo Ankie Khoza

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Iodine-methanol mediated oxidative-aromatization of 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-2,3-dihydroquinolin-4(1H-ones afforded the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-4-methoxy-quinolines in high yield and purity. The isomeric 1-(2-amino-3,5-dibromophenyl-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones reacted with iodine in methanol afford in a single pot operation the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-4-methoxyquinoline (major and 2-aryl-6,8-dibromoquinolin-4(1H-one (minor products that were separated in sequence by column chromatography on silica gel. Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of the 6,8-dibromo-4-methoxyquinoline derivatives with excess arylvinylboronic acids afforded the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-bis(2-arylethenyl-4-methoxyquinolines. The absorption and fluorescence properties of these compounds were also determined.

  1. ON THE ANTIOXIDANT EFFECTIVENESS OF N,N´–SUBSTITUTED P-PHENYLENEDIAMINES

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimír Lukeš; Erik Klein; Zuzana Cibulková

    2004-01-01

    The ground-state geometry of six N,N’-substituted p-phenylenediamines (PPDs): N-phenyl-N’-dimethyl-butyl-p-phenylenediamine (6PPD), N-phenyl-N’-isopropyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD), N-phenyl-N’-(?-methylbenzyl)-p-phenylenediamine (SPPD), N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-N’-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (MBPPD), N-benzyl-N’-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (MBPPDH), N-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-N’-phenyl-p-phenylene-diamine (CPPD) molecules, their radical structures and the energy characterisation of these molecules and...

  2. Conformational study of N-substituted 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-ones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, M. S.; Galvez, E.; Izquierdo, M. L.; Burgos, C.

    1986-10-01

    N-Substituted 8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-ones have been studied by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. In CDCl 3 solutions, these ketones display the same preferred conformation. The pyrrolidine and piperidone rings adopt a flattened N-8 envelope and distorted chair conformation, puckered at N-8 and flattened at C-3, respectively, with the N-substituent in axial position with respect to the piperidone ring.

  3. Synthesis and characterization of thermoresponsive polymers, hydrogels and microgels, based on poly(N-substituted acrylamides)

    OpenAIRE

    Panayiotou, Marilia

    2004-01-01

    Stimuli-responsive polymers have the unique property of undergoing a reversible phase transition. This property has attracted much interest for their application in the field of medicine and biotechnology, such as drug delivery systems. Linear polymers of the poly(N-substituted acrylamides) family and their three-dimensional macroscopic (hydrogels) or microscopic (microgels) networks demonstrate such a phase transition behavior. In particular, polymers of this family have the ability to respo...

  4. Copper Mediated Fluorination of Aryl Iodides

    OpenAIRE

    Fier, Patrick S.; Hartwig, John. F.

    2012-01-01

    The synthesis of aryl fluorides has been a topic of considerable interest because of the importance of aryl fluorides in pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and materials. The stability, reactivity and biological properties of aryl fluorides can be distinct from those of the corresponding arenes. Methods for the synthesis of aryl fluorides, however, are limited. We report the conversion of a diverse set of aryl iodides to the corresponding aryl fluorides. This reaction occurs with a cationic coppe...

  5. Inorganic base-catalyzed formation of antivirally active N-substituted benzamides from ?-amido sulfones and N-nucleophile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Zhenchao

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Heteronucleophiles as well as carbanionic reagents can be used to react with ?-amido sulfones, thus giving the opportunity to prepare a large array of amino derivatives. Since, novel 1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiol derivatives can serve as potent nucleophiles, we employed 5-subsititued phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiols as the nucleophilic source of nitrogen in the reaction with ?-amido sulfones. Results A series of N-substituted benzamides bearing 1,3,4-oxadiazol unit were prepared for the first time by the reaction of in situ generated protected imine from ?-amido sulfones with 5-subsititued phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiols as the source of nitrogen nucleophile. Some of the synthesized products displayed favourable antiviral activity against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV in preliminary antiviral activity tests. The title compounds 5c, 5o and 5r revealed curative activity of 42.2%, 48.7% and 40.5%, respectively against CMV (inhibitory rate compared to the commercial standard Ningnanmycin (53.4% at 500 ?g/mL. Conclusion A practical synthetic route to N-benzoyl-?-amido sulfones by the reaction of 5-subsititued phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiols as the source of nitrogen nucleophiles with in situ generated protected imine from N-benzoyl-?-amido sulfones is presented. The reaction catalyzed by an inorganic base has considerable significance to exploit the potential of ?-amido sulfones in organic synthesis.

  6. Synthesis of 3-fluoro-3-aryl oxindoles: Direct enantioselective ? arylation of amides

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, Linglin

    2012-02-06

    Modus operandi: Catalytic access to the title compounds through a new asymmetric ?-arylation protocol is reported (see scheme). These products are formed in good yields and excellent enantioselectivities by using a new and easily synthesized chiral N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand. Advanced DFT calculations reveal the properties of the NHC ligand and the mode of operation of the catalyst. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Experimental and theoretical study of [N-substituted] p-aminoazobenzene derivatives as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in sulfuric acid solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shihab, Mehdi Salih; Al-Doori, Hanan Hussien

    2014-11-01

    [N-substituted] p-aminoazobenzene derivatives (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) were prepared and investigated as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in 1 M H2SO4 solution by weight loss measurements. It has been observed that the corrosion rate decreases, inhibition efficiencies increase and surface coverage degree increases with increasing inhibitor concentration. Inhibition efficiencies for prepared compounds were ordered: (1) > (2) > (5) > (4) > (3) with the highest inhibiting efficiency of 63% for 10-3 M. The values of ?Gadso are showing physisorption effect for all prepared compounds. Semiempirical molecular orbital calculations for (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) could be used as a useful tool to obtain information for explaining the nature of interaction between the metal surface and the organic molecule as a corrosion inhibitor.

  8. Green and selective synthesis of N-substituted amides using water soluble porphyrazinato copper(II) catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    N, N',N, N'-Tetramethyl tetra-2,3-pyridinoporphyrazinato copper(II) methyl sulfate ([Cu(2,3-tmtppa)](MeSO4)4) efficiently catalyzed the direct conversion of nitriles to N-substituted amides. The one pot selective synthesis of the N-substituted amides from nitriles and primary amines was performed in refluxing H2O. The catalyst was recovered and reused at least four times, maintaining its efficiency. (author)

  9. Direct N9-arylation of purines with aryl halides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders Foller; Ulven, Trond

    2014-01-01

    An efficient method for N-arylation of purines is reported. The N-arylation is catalysed by Cu(i) and 4,7-bis(2-hydroxyethylamino)-1,10-phenanthroline (BHPhen) in aqueous DMF or ethanol. The reaction generally proceeds with high selectivity for the N(9)-position.

  10. Conformational study of N-substituted 9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-ones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, M. S.; Iriepa, I.; Galvez, E.; Lorente, A.

    1989-02-01

    N-Substituted 9-azabicyclo [3.3.1] nonan-3-ones have been studied by 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. In CDCl 3 solutions, these ketones can be described through an equilibrium between two flattened chair-chair conformers by nitrogen inversion. The piperidone ring is more flattened than the piperidine one and has a slight preference for the form with the N-substituent axial to the piperidone ring. The contribution of the conformers with piperidone or piperidine rings in an ideal boat conformation must be low. The application of the Altona empirical equation supports this hypothesis.

  11. Aryl diazonium salts new coupling agents and surface science

    CERN Document Server

    Chehimi, Mohamed Mehdi

    2012-01-01

    Diazonium compounds are employed as a new class of coupling agents to link polymers, biomacromolecules, and other species (e. g. metallic nanoparticles) to the surface of materials. The resulting high performance materials show improved chemical and physical properties and find widespread applications. The advantage of aryl diazonium salts compared to other surface modifiers lies in their ease of preparation, rapid (electro)reduction, large choice of reactive functional groups, and strong aryl-surface covalent bonding.This unique book summarizes the current knowledge of the surface and

  12. Synthesis and receptor binding of N-substituted tropane derivatives. High-affinity ligands for the cocaine receptor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milius, R.A.; Saha, J.K.; Madras, B.K.; Neumeyer, J.L. (Research Biochemicals Inc., Natick, MA (USA))

    1991-05-01

    The synthesis and pharmacological characterization of a series of N-substituted 3-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane derivatives is reported. The compounds displayed binding characteristics that paralleled those of cocaine, and several had substantially higher affinity at cocaine recognition sites. Conjugate addition of 4-fluorophenyl magnesium bromide to anhydroecgonine methyl ester gave 2 beta-(carbomethoxy)-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (4a, designated CFT, also known as WIN 35,428) after flash chromatography. N demethylation of 4a was effected by Zn/HOAc reduction of the corresponding 2,2,2-trichloroethyl carbamate to give 2 beta-carbomethoxy-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)nortropane (5), which was alkylated with allyl bromide to afford the N-allyl analogue, 6. The N-propyl analogue, 7, was prepared by catalytic reduction (Pd/C) of 6. The most potent analogue, 4a, was tritiated at a specific activity of 81.3 Ci/mmol. ({sup 3}H)4a bound rapidly and reversibly to caudate putamen membranes; the two-component binding curve typical of cocaine analogues was observed. Equilibrium was achieved within 2 h and was stable for at least 4 h. High- and low-affinity Kd values observed for ({sup 3}H)4a (4.7 and 60 nM, respectively) were more than 4 times lower than those for ({sup 3}H)cocaine, and the density of binding sites (Bmax = 50 pmol/g, high, and 290 pmol/g, low) for the two drugs were comparable. Nonspecific binding of ({sup 3}H)4a was 5-10% of total binding.

  13. Green and selective synthesis of N-substituted amides using water soluble porphyrazinato copper(II) catalyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghodsinia, Sara S.E.; Akhlaghinia, Batool; Eshghi, Hossein, E-mail: akhlaghinia@um.ac.ir [Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Faculty of Sciences. Department of Chemistry; Safaei, Elham [Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Department of Chemistry

    2013-06-15

    N, N',N{sup ,} N{sup '}-Tetramethyl tetra-2,3-pyridinoporphyrazinato copper(II) methyl sulfate ([Cu(2,3-tmtppa)](MeSO{sub 4}){sub 4}) efficiently catalyzed the direct conversion of nitriles to N-substituted amides. The one pot selective synthesis of the N-substituted amides from nitriles and primary amines was performed in refluxing H{sub 2}O. The catalyst was recovered and reused at least four times, maintaining its efficiency. (author)

  14. The photoredox catalyzed Meerwein arylation

    OpenAIRE

    Hari, Durga Prasada Rao

    2015-01-01

    A fundamental challenge in the field of catalysis is the development of sustainable and efficient methods for the activation of molecules. One approach for the activation of organic molecules that has recently received much attention is photoredox catalysis with visible light. On the other hand, the application of aryl radicals in organic synthesis is challenging, but very useful. This thesis describes the generation of aryl radicals and their application in organic synthesis, such as the dir...

  15. Smiles Rearrangement Based Practical One-pot Synthesis of N-Alkyl/aryl-6-aminoquinolines from 6-Hydroxylquinoline

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The C-N coupling protocol reported herein represents a convenient and practical synthesis of N-alkyl/aryl-6-aminoquinolines in a three-step one-pot manner by simple addition of 6-hydroxyquinoline and N-alkyl/aryl-2-chloroacetamides with Cs2CO3 or K2CO3 in DMF at 150 .deg. C via Smiles rearrangement. An electron donating substituent on the nitrogen counterpart would accelerate the rearrangement process to achieve various anilines in good yields. We currently engaged in making a chemical library including multifarious N-substituted-6-aminoquinolines, to be used in the screening for specific AChEI activity. Furthermore, this work extends the scope of preparing different heterocyclic synthons in drug design for various biological activities. Aminoquinolines and their derivatives are important chemical entities that are widely used as pro-drugs and drugs due to their antimicrobial, cytotoxic and anti-malarial activities etc

  16. Synthesis of 2-aryl and 3-aryl benzo[b]furan thioethers using aryl sulfonyl hydrazides as sulfenylation reagents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xia; Zhang, Lipeng; Lu, Xiaoyu; Li, Tianjiao; Lu, Kui

    2015-03-01

    An efficient, metal-free protocol used to synthesize aryl benzo[b]furan thioethers based on the I2-catalyzed cross-coupling of benzo[b]furans as well as the electrophilic cyclization of 2-alkynylphenol derivatives with aryl sulfonyl hydrazides was developed. Various 2-aryl and 3-aryl benzo[b]furan thioethers were obtained in moderate to good yields. PMID:25674835

  17. Potency and species specificity of aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands

    OpenAIRE

    Wall, Richard John

    2012-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) binds a wide range of structurally diverse compounds such as halogenated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls which are abundant in the environment. Activation of AhR leads to the regulation of a battery of xenobiotic enzymes including cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1). The purely chlorinated compounds feature in the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) evaluation of dioxin-like compounds derived from a meta-analysis of previous potency data (toxic equival...

  18. ON THE ANTIOXIDANT EFFECTIVENESS OF N,N´–SUBSTITUTED P-PHENYLENEDIAMINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimír Lukeš

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The ground-state geometry of six N,N’-substituted p-phenylenediamines (PPDs: N-phenyl-N’-dimethyl-butyl-p-phenylenediamine (6PPD, N-phenyl-N’-isopropyl-p-phenylenediamine (IPPD, N-phenyl-N’-(?-methylbenzyl-p-phenylenediamine (SPPD, N-(2-methoxybenzyl-N’-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (MBPPD, N-benzyl-N’-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (MBPPDH, N-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl-N’-phenyl-p-phenylene-diamine (CPPD molecules, their radical structures and the energy characterisation of these molecules and radicals were theoretically investigated using PM3 method. Our calculations reveal the most probable radical formation in the order SPPD > MBPPD > MBPPDH > 6PPD > IPPD > CPPD. The theoretical values have been compared with the values obtained by the analysis of structural units contributions based on the results of non-isothermal DSC measurements. The results show that the most likely process is homolytic cleavage of C–H bond at the carbon atom in the neighbourhood of the amino nitrogen atom and the sterical arrangement is related to the antioxidant effectiveness of the antioxidants under study. The suggested models can be used for the interpretation and prediction of experimental data what is important from the technological point of view.

  19. Palladium-catalyzed aminosulfonylation of aryl halides.

    OpenAIRE

    B. Van Nguyen; Emmett, EJ; Willis, MC

    2010-01-01

    The palladium-catalyzed three-component coupling of aryl iodides, sulfur dioxide, and hydrazines to deliver aryl N-aminosulfonamides is described. The colorless crystalline solid DABCO·(SO(2))(2) was used as a convenient source of sulfur dioxide. The reaction tolerates significant variation of both the aryl iodide and hydrazine coupling partners.

  20. Dinitroso and polynitroso compounds

    OpenAIRE

    Gowenlock, Brian G.; Richter-Addo*, George B.

    2005-01-01

    The growing interest in the chemistry of C-nitroso compounds (RN=O; R = alkyl or aryl group) is due in part to the recognition of their participation in various metabolic processes of nitrogen-containing compounds. C-Nitroso compounds have a rich organic chemistry in their own right, displaying interesting intra- and intermolecular dimerization processes and addition reactions with unsaturated compounds. In addition, they have a fascinating coordination chemistry. While most of the attention ...

  1. Aryl bromides as inexpensive starting materials in the catalytic enantioselective arylation of aryl aldehydes: the additive TMEDA enhances the enantioselectivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yong-Xin; Liu, Yue; Zhang, Lei; Jia, Yan-E; Wang, Pei; Zhuo, Fang-Fang; An, Xian-Tao; Da, Chao-Shan

    2014-11-01

    We used aryl bromides as inexpensive starting materials to enantioselectively arylate aldehydes in one pot. Aryl bromides readily transfer aryls to aryllithiums with n-butyllithium, successively to triarylaluminums with aluminum chloride, and then to aryltitaniums with titanium isopropoxide. Finally aryltitaniums arylate aldehydes catalyzed by (S)-H8-BINOL-Ti(Oi-Pr)2 in excellent yields and enantioselectivities. The additive TMEDA evidently suppresses the racemic background reaction promoted by LiCl generated from salt metathesis. This procedure represents a cost-effective and operationally convenient method for enantioenriched diarylmethanols. PMID:25279967

  2. Chemometric approach in studying of the retention behavior and lipophilicity of potentially biologically active N-substituted-2-phenylacetamide derivatives

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gyöngyi Gy., Vastag; Suzana Lj., Apostolov; Borko M., Matijevi& #263; ; Aleksandar D., Marinkovi& #263; .

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A atividade biológica potencial de moléculas depende largamente da sua lipofilicidade. A lipofilicidade de derivados de 2-fenilacetamida N-substituída foi investigada experimentalmente, aplicando cromatografia em camada delgada em fase inversa (RP-TLC em RP 18 F254s) na presença de etanol e de dioxa [...] no, e usando pacotes de software. A fim de estabelecer a dependência entre a lipofilicidade obtida de diferentes formas foram usados análise de regressão linear e métodos multivariados. Agrupamentos aproximadamente semelhantes dos parâmetros lipofílicos e dos compostos testados foram registados no caso de ambos os métodos quimiométricos usados. Todos os resultados obtidos confirmam o fato de que as análises de regressão linear e multivariada aplicadas oferecem oportunidades para comparar os dados sobre a retenção cromatográfica e parâmetros lipofílicos dos derivados de fenilacetamida investigados. Os resultados sugerem que a lipofilicidade das moléculas estudadas depende largamente da natureza dos substituintes ligados ao átomo de nitrogênio e, por outro lado, que as constantes retenção cromatográfica, R M0, determinada pelo método de RP-TLC, são semelhantes à medida padrão de lipofilicidade, log P, o que torna este método adequado para a previsão de lipofilicidade. Abstract in english The potential biological activity of a molecule largely depends on its lipophilicity. The lipophilicity of derivatives of N-substituted-2-phenylacetamide was investigated experimentally, by applying thin-layer chromatography on reversed phase (RP-TLC on RP 18 F254s) in the presence of ethanol and di [...] oxane and by using relevant software packages. In order to establish dependence between lipophilicity obtained in different ways, linear regression analysis and multivariate methods were used. Approximately similar groupings of lipophilic parameters and tested compounds were registered in case of both chemometric methods. The obtained results confirm the fact that the applied linear regression analysis and multivariate analysis provide opportunities for comparing chromatographic retention data and lipophilic parameters of the investigated phenylacetamide derivatives. Results suggest that the lipophilicity of investigated molecules largely depends on the nature of the substituents linked to nitrogen atom and on the other hand that the chromatographic retention constants, R M0, determined by RP-TLC method, are similar to the standard measure of lipophilicity, log P, which makes this method appropriate for predicting lipophilicity.

  3. Palladium-Catalyzed Thiocarbonylation of Aryl, Vinyl, and Benzyl Bromides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burhardt, Mia; Ahlburg, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    A catalytic protocol for synthesis of thioesters from aryl, vinyl, and benzyl bromides as well as benzyl chlorides was developed using only stoichiometric amounts of carbon monoxide, produced from a solid CO precursor inside a two-chamber system. As a catalytic system, the combination of bis(benzonitrile) palladium(II) chloride and Xantphos furnished the highest yields of the desired compounds, along with the weak base, NaOAc, in anisole at 120 °C. The choice of catalytic system as well as solvent turned out to be important in order to ensure a high chemoselectivity in the reaction. Both electron-rich and electron-deficient aryl bromides worked well in this reaction. Addition of 1 equiv of sodium iodide to the reaction improved the chemoselectivity with the electron-deficient aryl bromides. The thiol scope included both aryl and alkyl thiols, including 2-mercaptobenzophenones, whereby a thiocarbonylation followed by a subsequent McMurry coupling yielded differently substituted benzothiophenes. It was demonstrated that the methodology could be applied for (13)C introduction into the thiophene ring.

  4. Antibacterial and Enzyme Inhibition Studies of N'-Substituted Benzylidene-2-(2, 4-Dimethylphenoxy Acetatohydrazides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nadeem

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The molecules bearing azomethine group are known to possess biological activities. In the present work, the synthesis of N'-Substitutedbenzylidene-2-(2, 4-dimethylphenoxy acetatohydrazide (5a-d has been elaborated using 2,4-Dimethylphenol (1 as precursor. The molecule, 1, was converted to ethyl 2-(2,4-dimethylphenoxyacetate (2 on refluxing with ethyl 2-bromoacetate in ethanol in the presence of KOH. Ethyl ester, 2, was refluxed with hydrated hydrazine (80% in ethanol to yield 2-(2,4-dimethylphenoxy acetohydrazide (3. The target molecules, 5a-d, were synthesized by stirring 3 with phenyl/aryl carboxaldehyde (4a-d in methanol in the presence of glacial acetic acid. The synthesized molecules were characterized by spectral data and evaluated for antibacterial and anti-enzymatic activities.

  5. Anti-Candida activity and cytotoxicity of a large library of new N-substituted-1,3-thiazolidin-4-one derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Monte, Celeste; Carradori, Simone; Bizzarri, Bruna; Bolasco, Adriana; Caprara, Federica; Mollica, Adriano; Rivanera, Daniela; Mari, Emanuela; Zicari, Alessandra; Akdemir, Atilla; Secci, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    On the basis of the recent findings about the biological properties of thiazolidinones and taking into account the encouraging results about the antifungal activity of some (thiazol-2-yl)hydrazines, new N-substituted heterocyclic derivatives were designed combining the thiazolidinone nucleus with the hydrazonic portion. In details, 1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones bearing (cyclo)aliphatic or (hetero)aromatic moieties linked to the N1-hydrazine at C2 were synthesized and classified into three series according to the aromatic or bicyclic rings connected to the lactam nitrogen of the thiazolidinone. These molecules were assayed for their anti-Candida effects in reference to the biological activity of the conventional topic (clotrimazole, miconazole, tioconazole) and systemic drugs (fluconazole, ketoconazole, amphotericin B). Finally, we investigated the selectivity against fungal cells by testing the compounds endowed with the best MICs on Hep2 cells in order to assess their cell toxicity (CC50) and we noticed that two derivatives were less cytotoxic than the reference drug clotrimazole. Moreover, a preliminary molecular modelling approach has been performed against lanosterol 14-? demethylase (CYP51A1) to rationalize the activity of the tested compounds and to specify the target protein or enzyme. PMID:26562544

  6. Synthesis and characterisation of new 4-oxo-N-(substituted-thiazol-2-yl)-4H-chromene-2-carboxamides as potential adenosine receptor ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cagide, Fernando; Borges, Fernanda; Gomes, Ligia R.; Low, John Nicolson

    2015-06-01

    Chromones are 4H-benzopyran-4-one heterocycles that have been thoroughly studied due to their interesting biological activities. Thiazole based compounds have been used in therapeutics as antimicrobial, antiviral and as antifungal agents for a long time but, in the past decades, they have been identified as potent and selective ligands for adenosine receptor. In continuation of our project related to the syntheses of pharmacologically important heterocycles, a new series of chromone-thiazole hybrids have been designed as potential ligands for human adenosine receptors. In this context, new 4-oxo-N-(substituted-thiazol-2-yl)-4H-chromene-2-carboxamides were synthesized from chromone-2-carboxylic acid by two different amidation methods. The development of dissimilar synthetic approaches provided the possibility of working with diverse reaction conditions, namely with conventional heating and/or microwave irradiation. The structure of the compounds has been established on the basis of NMR and MS spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Relevant data related to the molecular geometry and conformation of the chromone-thiazole hybrids has been acquired which can be of the utmost importance to understand ligand-receptor binding.

  7. SYNTHESIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION OF 2-(4-FLUORO BENZYLTHIO-N-(SUBSTITUTED PHENYLPYRIMIDINE-4-AMINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.M. Goudgaon*, Y. Rohini Reddy and B.U. Sheshikant

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Reaction of 4-fluorobenzylchloride with 2-thiouracil (1 gave 2-(4-fluorobenzylthiopyrimidin-4(3H-one (2, which on chlorination with POCl3 furnished 4-chloro-2-(4-fluorobenzylthio-4-chloropyrimidine (3. This intermediate when treated with various substituted anilines gave desired targeted compounds 4(a-k in 50-90% yield. Structural assignments of the synthesized compounds were based on their IR, 1H NMR, Mass and analytical data. The antimicrobial evaluation of newly synthesized compounds was carried out by cup-plate method. The investigation of antimicrobial screening reveals that the compounds 4b, 4g, 4c and 4f showed good activity against bacterial strain B. subtilis. Compounds 4a, 4e, 4b, 4c, 4f, 4g and 4h were active against bacterial strain P. aeruginosa. Compounds 4a and 4c were active against fungul strain A. niger. Compounds 4e, 4b and 4j showed good activity against fungal strain A. flavus. All the synthesized compounds showed excellent antifungal activity against T.viridae. Remaining compounds exhibited moderate to poor activity against bacterial and fungal strains when compared to standard drugs Gentamycin and Fluconazole respectively. So, further we have carried out the antifungal screening of all the synthesized compounds at different concentrations against T. viridae to determine their IC50 values. Compounds 4e, 4b, 4g, 4i, 4d, 4f and 4j have shown better IC50 values.

  8. Compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzumura, Akitoshi; Watanabe, Masaki; Nagasako, Naoyuki; Asahi, Ryoji

    2014-06-01

    Recently, Cu-based chalcogenides such as Cu3SbSe4, Cu2Se, and Cu2SnSe3 have attracted much attention because of their high thermoelectric performance and their common feature of very low thermal conductivity. However, for practical use, materials without toxic elements such as selenium are preferable. In this paper, we report Se-free Cu3SbS4 thermoelectric material and improvement of its figure of merit ( ZT) by chemical substitutions. Substitutions of 3 at.% Ag for Cu and 2 at.% Ge for Sb lead to significant reductions in the thermal conductivity by 37% and 22%, respectively. These substitutions do not sacrifice the power factor, thus resulting in enhancement of the ZT value. The sensitivity of the thermal conductivity to chemical substitutions in these compounds is discussed in terms of the calculated phonon dispersion and previously proposed models for Cu-based chalcogenides. To improve the power factor, we optimize the hole carrier concentration by substitution of Ge for Sb, achieving a power factor of 16 ?W/cm K2 at 573 K, which is better than the best reported for Se-based Cu3SbSe4 compounds.

  9. Comparative study of spectroscopic properties of the low-lying electronic states of 2,4-pentadien-1-iminium cation and its N-substituted analogues

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anjan Chattopadhyay

    2012-09-01

    Semiempirical and ab initio-based CI methods have been employed to study the low-lying electronic states of 2,4-pentadien-1-iminium cation and its N-substituted analogues with electron-donating (methyl, isopropyl) and electron-withdrawing (fluoromethyl) groups on nitrogen. Variations of the dihedral angles ($\\Gamma_3$, $\\Gamma_4$) of the ground state have given the global minima and global maxima at (180°, 180°) and (90°, 0°) conformations, respectively, with some exceptions in the case of fluoromethyl compound. Increase in the +I effect on nitrogen shifts the TICT conical intersection point away from the 90° ($\\Gamma_3$ dihedral angle) value, when the $\\Gamma_4$ value is kept fixed at 180°. Transition moment values of the allowed S0(1A$_g$ -like) ? S1 (2B$_u$-like) transitions are expectedly higher than the forbidden S0(1A$_g$ -like) ? S2(2A$_g$ -like) transitions by almost 5.6 D. Radiative lifetime values of the first excited states are calculated to be around 215 ps for all the four compounds. At (180°, 180°) conformation the vertical excitation energy (VEE) between the S0 and S1 states of the 2,4-pentadieniminium cation is found to be 3.3 eV, which corresponds to the absorption wavelength value of roughly 375 nm. The VEE value increases with substituents having +I effect on nitrogen, while for the fluoromethyl compound it is calculated to be around 2.85 eV. The energy gap between the first two excited singlet states is found to have the least value in the isopropyl-substituted compound, where the S2 state contains a huge contribution from the HOMO2?LUMO2 configuration.

  10. Room-temperature chromium(II)-catalyzed direct arylation of pyridines, aryl oxazolines, and imines using arylmagnesium reagents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmina, Olesya M; Knochel, Paul

    2014-10-01

    We report a CrCl2-catalyzed oxidative arylation of various pyridines, aryl oxazolines, and aryl imines using aromatic Grignard reagents in the presence of 2,3-dichlorobutane (DCB). Most of the reactions proceed rapidly at 25 °C and do not require any additional ligand. Benzo[h]quinoline, 2-arylpyridine, aryl oxazoline, and imines were successfully arylated in good yields under these conditions. A TMS-substituent was used to prevent double arylation. After oxidative cross-coupling the TMS-group was further converted to a second ortho-aryl substituent. Remarkably, inexpensive aryl N-butylimine derivatives are excellent substrates for this oxidative arylation. PMID:25230000

  11. Silver-Mediated Oxidative Trifluoromethylation of Phenols: Direct Synthesis of Aryl Trifluoromethyl Ethers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jian-Bo; Chen, Chao; Chu, Lingling; Chen, Zeng-Hao; Xu, Xiu-Hua; Qing, Feng-Ling

    2015-09-28

    Aryl trifluoromethyl ethers (ArOCF3 ) are prevalent in pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and materials. However, methods for the general and efficient synthesis of these compounds are extremely underdeveloped and limited. Herein, we describe a highly efficient and general procedure for the direct O-trifluoromethylation of unprotected phenols through a silver-mediated cross-coupling reaction using CF3 SiMe3 as the CF3 source and exogenous oxidants. This novel oxidative trifluoromethylation provides access to a wide range of aryl trifluoromethyl ethers from simple phenols. The mild process was also applied to the late-stage trifluoromethylation of a medicinally relevant compound. PMID:26268604

  12. A survey of the cleavage of aryl-metal bonds by elemental fluorine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reaction of elemental fluorine with phenyl derivatives of tin, lead, germanium, silicon, mercury, and thallium has been studied with the aim of developing a general method for labelling aromatic compounds with radioactive 18F. Rapid synthesis of fluorobenzene was achieved in varying chemical yields up to 70 percent, depending largely upon the metal substrate used, with aryl-tin compounds giving the highest yields. Radiochemical yields are also given for the synthesis of 18/F-fluoro-benzene from the cleavage of aryl-tin bonds with 18F-F2

  13. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of halogenated aryl sulfonamides derived from 2-amino-4-chloroanisole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the current work, a number of new N-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)aryl sulfonamides (3a-e) and N-ethyl/benzyl-N-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)aryl sulfonamides (6a-e and 7a-e) were synthesized and evaluated for their biological activities. The synthesis was carried out by coupling 2-amino-4-chloroanisole (1) with different aryl sulfonyl chlorides, 2a-e, under dynamic pH control in aqueous medium to form aryl sulfonamides, 3a-e. Further, N-ethyl/benzyl-N-(5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)aryl sulfonamides (6a-e and 7a-e) were synthesized by stirring 3a-e with the electrophiles, 4 and 5, in the presence of sodium hydride and N,N-dimethylformamide. The structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized from their spectral data. In addition, the in vitro antibacterial activity of all the target compounds was investigated against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria using ciprofloxacin as a reference drug. Many of these compounds exhibited moderate to good activity and subtle structural changes in the substituents altered the inhibitory properties significantly. (author)

  14. Discovery of novel 2-aryl-4-benzoyl-imidazoles targeting the colchicines binding site in tubulin as potential anticancer agents

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jianjun; WANG, ZHAO; Li, Chien-Ming; LU, YAN; Vaddady, Pavan K.; Meibohm, Bernd; Dalton, James T.; MILLER, DUANE D.; Li, Wei

    2010-01-01

    A series of 2-aryl-4-benzoyl-imidazoles (ABI) was synthesized as a result of structural modifications based on the previous set of 2-aryl-imidazole-4-carboxylic amide (AICA) derivatives and 4-substituted methoxylbenzoyl-aryl-thiazoles (SMART). The average IC50 of the most active compound (5da) was 15.7 nM. ABI analogs have substantially improved aqueous solubility (48.9 ?g/mL for 5ga vs. 0.909 ?g/mL for SMART-1, 0.137 ?g/mL for paclitaxel, and 1.04 ?g/mL for Combretastatin A4). Mechanism of a...

  15. Intramolecular palladium-catalyzed alkane C-H arylation from aryl chlorides.

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseaux, S.; Davi, M; Sofack-Kreutzer, J; Pierre, C; Kefalidis, CE; Clot, E; Fagnou, K; Baudoin, O

    2010-01-01

    The first examples of efficient and general palladium-catalyzed intramolecular C(sp(3))-H arylation of (hetero)aryl chlorides, giving rise to a variety of valuable cyclobutarenes, indanes, indolines, dihydrobenzofurans, and indanones, are described. The use of aryl and heteroaryl chlorides significantly improves the scope of C(sp(3))-H arylation by facilitating the preparation of reaction substrates. Careful optimization studies have shown that the palladium ligand and the base/solvent combin...

  16. Toxicity Studies on Novel N-Substituted Bicyclo-Heptan-2-Amines at NMDA Receptors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Farbaniec

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Several novel norcamphor derivatives were designed and synthesized as uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonists at the phencyclidine (PCP binding site. Such compounds have potential as ligands for understanding and possibly the treatment of several neurodegenerative disorders and other glutamate-dependent disorders. We examined the toxic effects of the compounds as compared with memantine, an NMDA receptor antagonist that is FDA approved for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, by testing these compounds on two cell lines: MDCK (to mimic blood brain barrier and N2a (a neuronal cell line. The compounds showed toxicity profiles similar to those of memantine i.e., dose dependence above 100 ?M and IC50 values above 150 ?M for each cell line. It is known that the serum level of memantine under therapeutic conditions in patients is about 1 µM, indicting these compounds could have acceptable therapeutic indexes. 2-Phenyl-N-(2-(piperidin-1-yl ethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-amine (5a was found to possess acceptable toxicity profiles in both cell lines. Interestingly, this was the compound identified as a good lead in our previous studies based on binding and anticonvulsant (MES activity studies. It has thus emerged as an excellent lead compound for further studies.

  17. Synthesis and antitubercular evaluation of aryl substituted 2-oxazolines from L-amino acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leidiane Araújo de Souza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the synthesis and the in vitro antibacterial activity of a series of twelve substituted aryl-2-oxazolines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Seven compounds showed activity and two compounds exhibited a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC of 25 ?g/mL were not cytotoxic for the host cells in cell viability assay. These results could be a good starting point for the development of new antitubercular lead series based on this family of compounds.

  18. Synthesis and antitubercular evaluation of aryl substituted 2-oxazolines from L-amino acids

    OpenAIRE

    Leidiane Araújo de Souza; Emerson Teixeira da Silva; Maria Cristina Silva Lourenço; Marcus Vinícius Nora de Souza

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the synthesis and the in vitro antibacterial activity of a series of twelve substituted aryl-2-oxazolines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Seven compounds showed activity and two compounds exhibited a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 25 ?g/mL were not cytotoxic for the host cells in cell viability assay. These results could be a good starting point for the development of new antitubercular lead series based on this family of compounds.

  19. Reductive cleavage of N-substituted aromatic amides as tert-butyl acylcarbamates

    OpenAIRE

    Ragnarsson, Ulf; Grehn, Leif; Maia, Hernâni L. S.; Monteiro, Luís S.

    2002-01-01

    Synthetic and spectroscopic details related to a set of heteroaromatic N-benzyl carboxamides and especially the corresponding tert-butyl acylcarbamates are reported. These compounds were required to study the postulated effect of various heterocycles (pyridine and pyrazine with and without condensed benzene rings) on the cleavage of acyl-N bonds by reduction. All compounds were initially characterized by cyclic voltammetry which indicated various degrees of facilitated reduction, reflecting a...

  20. Development of N-substituted quinolinimides, as potential PET tracers for the visualisation of ?-opioid receptors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to develop radiotracers for in vivo studies of ?-opioid receptors by Positron Emission Tomography (PET) or Single Photon Emission computed Tomography (SPECT), we undertook the synthesis of halogenated analogues (chlorinated and brominated) of compound 12. These analogues were prepared by a convergent synthesis and from these novel structures a halogen exchange reaction has been performed to complete this series. These molecules were tested to determine their in vitro affinity and selectivity toward ? opioid receptors. The compounds 12 and 15 were labelled with carbon-11. The radiosynthesis of compound 12, in weak radioactivity chemistry, was performed first by the Stille reaction and second by a new methodology based on the transfer reaction of [11C]-methyl group. This new methodology used a mono-organotin compound prepared by addition of [11C]-iodomethane onto Lappert's stannylene. The compound [11C]-12 was obtained with 60 and 10% radiochemical yield respectively. In order to produce higher radioactivity quantities, the Stille reaction was automated. The compounds [11C]-12 and [11C]-15 were obtained in 40 minutes with a specific radioactivity ranging from 322 to 747 mCi/?mol. (author)

  1. Effects of pesticide compounds (chlorothalonil and mancozeb) and benzo[a]pyrene mixture on aryl hydrocarbon receptor, p53 and ubiquitin gene expression levels in haemocytes of soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pariseau, Julie; McKenna, Patricia; Aboelkhair, Mohammed; Saint-Louis, Richard; Pelletier, Emilien; Davidson, T Jeffrey; Tremblay, Réjean; Berthe, Franck C J; Siah, Ahmed

    2011-11-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the pesticides/polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixture on aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), p53 and ubiquitin mRNA level in haemocytes of Mya arenaria exposed to a mixture of chlorothalonil, mancozeb and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) for 48 and 72 h. AhR, p53 and ubiquitin gene expression levels were quantified using quantitative Real-time PCR. For robust and accurate quantification of transcripts, suitable housekeeping genes were selected from four sets of ribosomal and elongation factors transcripts previously sequenced from Mya arenaria using geNorm open source software. Quantitative Real-time PCR data exhibited a significantly high expression of AhR after 72 h of exposure (P ? 0.05). p53 gene expression seems to be up-regulated by the mixture after 48 h, however not significantly; but the level of p53 mRNA is down-regulated by the xenobiotics between 48 and 72 h after exposure. This study postulates that AhR mRNA levels could be used as an indicator of the exposure of clams' haemocytes to a mixture of xenobiotics such as chlorothalonil, mancozeb and BaP. However, further studies have to be pursued in order to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved in the p53 signaling pathway. PMID:21688059

  2. N-Aryl-benzimidazolones as novel small molecule HSP90 inhibitors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruncko, Milan; Tahir, Stephen K.; Song, Xiaohong; Chen, Jun; Ding, Hong; Huth, Jeffrey R.; Jin, Sha; Judge, Russell A.; Madar, David J.; Park, Chang H.; Park, Cheol-Min; Petros, Andrew M.; Tse, Christin; Rosenberg, Saul H.; Elmore, Steven W. (Abbott)

    2012-03-16

    We describe the development of a novel series of N-aryl-benzimidazolone HSP90 inhibitors (9) targeting the N-terminal ATP-ase site. SAR development was influenced by structure-based design based around X-ray structures of ligand bound HSP90 complexes. Lead compounds exhibited high binding affinities, ATP-ase inhibition and cellular client protein degradation.

  3. Green and selective synthesis of N-substituted amides using water soluble porphyrazinato copper(II) catalyst

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sara S. E., Ghodsinia; Batool, Akhlaghinia; Elham, Safaei; Hossein, Eshghi.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available N,N',N'',N'''-Tetrametil tetra(2,3-piridil)porfirazinato metil sulfato de cobre(II) ([Cu(2,3-tmtppa)](MeSO4)4) catalisou com sucesso a conversão direta de nitrilas a amidas N-substituídas. A síntese seletiva do tipo one pot de amidas N-substituídas a partir de nitrilas e aminas primárias foi realiza [...] da em refluxo de água. O catalisador foi recuperado e reusado no mínimo 4 vezes, mantendo a sua eficiência. Abstract in english N,N',N'',N'''-Tetramethyl tetra-2,3-pyridinoporphyrazinato copper(II) methyl sulfate ([Cu(2,3-tmtppa)](MeSO4)4) efficiently catalyzed the direct conversion of nitriles to N-substituted amides. The one pot selective synthesis of the N-substituted amides from nitriles and primary amines was performed [...] in refluxing H2O. The catalyst was recovered and reused at least four times, maintaining its efficiency.

  4. Synthesis, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activity, of novel S-substituted and N-substituted 5-(1-adamantyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Abdullah ES

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Ebtehal S Al-Abdullah,1 Hanadi H Asiri,1 Siham Lahsasni,2 Elsayed E Habib,3 Tarek M Ibrahim,4 Ali A El-Emam1 1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, 2Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, 3Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Medinah, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt Abstract: The reaction of 5-(1-adamantyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3-thione (compound 5 with formaldehyde and 1-substituted piperazines yielded the corresponding N-Mannich bases 6a–f. The reaction of 5-(1-adamantyl-4-methyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3-thione 8 with various 2-aminoethyl chloride yielded separable mixtures of the S-(2-aminoethyl 9a–d and the N-(2-aminoethyl 10a–d derivatives. The reaction of compound 5 with 1-bromo-2-methoxyethane, various aryl methyl halides, and ethyl bromoacetate solely yielded the S-substituted products 11, 12a–d, and 13. The new compounds were tested for activity against a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. Compounds 6b, 6c, 6d, 6e, 6f, 10b, 10c, 10d, 12c, 12d, 12e, 13, and 14 displayed potent antibacterial activity. Meanwhile, compounds 13 and 14 produced good dose-dependent anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. Keywords: adamantane derivatives, 1,2,4-triazoles, N-Mannich bases, antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory activity

  5. Application of double-hybrid density functionals to charge transfer in N-substituted pentacenequinones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sancho-García, J. C.

    2012-05-01

    A set of N-heteroquinones, deriving from oligoacenes, have been recently proposed as n-type organic semiconductors with high electron mobilities in thin-film transistors. Generally speaking, this class of compounds self-assembles in neighboring ?-stacks linked by weak hydrogen bonds. We aim at theoretically characterizing here the sequential charge transport (hopping) process expected to take place across these arrays of molecules. To do so, we need to accurately address the preferred packing of these materials simultaneously to single-molecule properties related to charge-transfer events, carefully employing dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods to accurately extract the key molecular parameters governing this phenomenon at the nanoscale. This study confirms the great deal of interest around these compounds, since controlled functionalization of model molecules (i.e., pentacene) allows to efficiently tune the corresponding charge mobilities, and the capacity of modern quantum-chemical methods to predict it after rationalizing the underlying structure-property relationships.

  6. Synthesis of N-substituted phthalimidoalkyl 1,2,3-triazoles via click chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moara T. da Silva

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, we have developed a facile procedure for synthesis of new N-phthalimidoalkyl 1H-1,2,3-Triazoles (1-4(a-h using DMF, 10 mol% CuI, Et3N and ultrasound energy at room temperature. This protocol furnished 28 new compounds in 20 to 30 min of reaction and moderate-to-excellent yields (64-94%.

  7. 2-(Hetero(aryl)methylene)hydrazine-1-carbothioamides as potent urease inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeed, Aamer; Imran, Aqeel; Channar, Pervaiz A; Shahid, Mohammad; Mahmood, Wajahat; Iqbal, Jamshed

    2015-02-01

    A small series of 2-(hetero(aryl)methylene) hydrazine-1-carbothioamides including two aryl derivatives was synthesized and tested for their inhibitory activity against urease. Compound (E)-2-(Furan-2-ylmethylene) hydrazine-1-carbothioamide (3f), having a furan ring, was the most potent inhibitor of urease with an IC50 value of 0.58 ?M. Molecular modeling was carried out through docking the designed compounds into the urease binding site to predict whether these derivatives have analogous binding mode to the urease inhibitors. The study revealed that all of the tested compounds bind with both metal atoms at the active site of the enzyme. The aromatic ring of the compounds forms ionic interactions with the residues, Ala(440), Asp(494), Ala(636), and Met(637). PMID:24938644

  8. Discovery of novel N-aryl piperazine CXCR4 antagonists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Huanyu; Prosser, Anthony R; Liotta, Dennis C; Wilson, Lawrence J

    2015-11-01

    A novel series of CXCR4 antagonists with substituted piperazines as benzimidazole replacements is described. These compounds showed micromolar to nanomolar potency in CXCR4-mediated functional and HIV assays, namely inhibition of X4 HIV-1IIIB virus in MAGI-CCR5/CXCR4 cells and inhibition of SDF-1 induced calcium release in Chem-1 cells. Preliminary SAR investigations led to the identification of a series of N-aryl piperazines as the most potent compounds. Results show SAR that indicates type and position of the aromatic ring, as well as type of linker and stereochemistry are significant for activity. Profiling of several lead compounds showed that one (49b) reduced susceptibility towards CYP450 and hERG, and the best overall profile when considering both SDF-1 and HIV potencies (6-20nM). PMID:25935642

  9. Iridium(III)-Catalyzed Direct Arylation of C-H Bonds with Diaryliodonium Salts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Pan; Guo, Wei; Xue, Jingjing; Zhao, Yue; Yuan, Yu; Xia, Yuanzhi; Shi, Zhuangzhi

    2015-09-30

    By developing a new Ir(III)-catalyzed C-C cross-coupling, a versatile method for direct arylation of sp(2) and sp(3) C-H bonds in ketoximes, nitrogen-containing heterocycles, various arenes, and olefins has been established. The key to this arylation depends on the appropriate choice of catalyst and the use of diaryliodonium triflate salts as the coupling partners. This transformation has good functional group compatibility and can serve as a powerful synthetic tool for late-stage C-H arylation of complex compounds. Mechanistic studies by density functional theory calculations suggested that the sp(3) C-H activation was realized by a triflate-involved concerted metalation-deprotonation process, and the following oxidation of Ir(III) to Ir(V) is the most favorable when a bistriflimide is contained in the diaryliodonium salt. Calculations indicated that both steps are enabled by initial anion exchange between the reactant complexes. PMID:26348796

  10. Novel Scheme for Biosynthesis of Aryl Metabolites from l-Phenylalanine in the Fungus Bjerkandera adusta

    OpenAIRE

    Lapadatescu, Carmen; Giniès, Christian; Le Quéré, Jean-Luc; Bonnarme, Pascal

    2000-01-01

    Aryl metabolite biosynthesis was studied in the white rot fungus Bjerkandera adusta cultivated in a liquid medium supplemented with l-phenylalanine. Aromatic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry following addition of labelled precursors (14C- and 13C-labelled l-phenylalanine), which did not interfere with fungal metabolism. The major aromatic compounds identified were benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde (bitter almond aroma), and benzoic acid. Hydroxy- and methoxybenzylic ...

  11. Synthesis and antileishmanial activity of new 1-Aryl-1H-Pyrazole-4- carboximidamides derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chemotherapy for leishmaniasis, diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania, remains inefficient in several treatments. So there is a need to search for new drugs. In this work, we have synthesized 1-aryl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboximidamides derivatives and evaluated antileishmanial activities in vitro, as well as cytotoxic effects. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies were carried out with all the compounds of the series. Compound 2 showed an activity profile that can be improved through medicinal chemistry strategies. (author)

  12. Synthesis and antileishmanial activity of new 1-Aryl-1H-Pyrazole-4- carboximidamides derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Mauricio S. dos; Gomes, Adriana O.; Bernardino, Alice M.R.; Souza, Marcos C. de, E-mail: alicerolim@globo.co [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Quimica Organica; Khan, Misbahul A. [The Islamia University of Bahawalpur (Pakistan). Chemistry Dept.; Brito, Monique A. de [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Fac. de Farmacia. Lab. de Quimica Medicinal Computacional; Castro, Helena C.; Abreu, Paula A. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (LABioMol/GCM/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia. Lab. de Antibioticos, Bioquimica e Modelagem Molecular; Rodrigues, Carlos R. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (ModMol/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Fac. de Farmacia. Lab. de Modelagem Molecular e QSAR; Leo, Rosa M.M. de; Leon, Leonor L.; Canto-Cavalheiro, Marilene M. [Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz (IOC/FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Lab. de Bioquimica de Tripanosomatideos

    2011-07-01

    Chemotherapy for leishmaniasis, diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania, remains inefficient in several treatments. So there is a need to search for new drugs. In this work, we have synthesized 1-aryl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboximidamides derivatives and evaluated antileishmanial activities in vitro, as well as cytotoxic effects. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies were carried out with all the compounds of the series. Compound 2 showed an activity profile that can be improved through medicinal chemistry strategies. (author)

  13. N-SUBSTITUTION AND á1-ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR AFFINITY OF LAUDANOSINE ANALOGUES

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    PATRICIO, ITURRIAGA-VÁSQUEZ; BRUCE K, CASSELS; M. DOLORES, IVORRA; M. PILAR, D' OCON.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Benzyltetrahydroisoquinoline (BTHIQ) molecules are able to adopt widely differing conformations that depend on the presence or absence of N-substituents. To assess the possible role of BTHIQ conformation on the affinity of these compounds for a 1-adrenergic receptors, of interest for the management [...] of hypertension, the racemic N-unsubstituted BTHIQ norlaudanosine and a series of N-alkylated derivatives were assessed for binding to rat brain cortical sites labelled with the radioligand [³H]prazosin. The a 1-adrenergic affinity in this series increased with the bulk of the substituent on the nitrogen atom, from the N-ethyl to the N-propyl analogue. Comparison of these results with published data for related BTHIQs and for the rigid mimics of the fully extended and semi-folded conformations of laudanosine, tetrahydropalmatine and glaucine, suggested that the a 1-adrenergic receptor binding site is able to accommodate either conformation. The presence of a bulky substituent on the nitrogen atom seems to favor receptor binding independently of the favored conformation, and that the orientation in which BTHIQs are bound probably differs depending on the presence or absence of a hydroxyl group at a key position

  14. Synthesis and antiplatelet evaluation of novel aryl-sulfonamide derivatives, from natural safrole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, L M; Ormelli, C B; Brito, F F; Miranda, A L; Fraga, C A; Barreiro, E J

    1999-06-01

    In the scope of a research program aiming at the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel possible antiplatelet prototype compounds, exploring bioisosterism principles for molecular design, we describe in this paper the synthesis of new aryl-sulfonamides derivatives, structurally similar to known thromboxane A2 receptor antagonists. The synthetic route used to access the new compounds described herein starts from safrole, an abundant Brazilian natural product, which occurs in Sassafras oil (Ocotea pretiosa). The results from preliminary evaluation of these novel aryl-sulfonamide compounds by the platelet aggregation inhibitory test, using rabbit PRP, induced by ADP, collagen, arachidonic acid, and U46619, identified the N-[2-(4-carboxymethoxyphenyl)ethyl]-6-methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyphe nyl- sulfonamido derivative as the most active among them, presenting in IC50 value for the U-46619-induced platelet aggregation in rabbit platelet-rich plasma: 329 microM. PMID:10443173

  15. Palladium-catalysed ortho arylation of acetanilides

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Guo-zhen zhang; Cheng-Qun Chen; Xin-Hua Feng; Guo-Sheng Huang

    2010-03-01

    The palladium-catalysed direct arylation of acetanilides by using C-H activation methodology has been demonstrated. Several acetanilides were coupled with aryl iodides in the presence of 10 mol% of Pd(OAc)2, 1.0 equiv of Cu(OTf)2, and 0.6 equiv of Ag2O to afford the corresponding products in moderate to excellent yields. The results showed that the amount of Ag2O was important for this protocol.

  16. Synthesis of N-substituted Cyclic Hydrocarbons, such as Pyrimidine, in The Ionosphere of Titan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bera, P. P.; Peverati, R.; Head-Gordon, M.; Lee, T. J.

    2014-12-01

    The instruments on board the CASSINI spacecraft observed large carbonaceous molecules in the upper atmosphere of Titan. How these large polyatomic molecules are synthesized in such exotic conditions is, thus far, unknown. Molecular ions, including positive and negative ions, are in relative abundance in the ionosphere of Titan. Hence, barrierless ion-molecule interactions may play a major role in guiding molecules towards each other and initiating reactions. We study these condensation pathways to determine whether they are a viable means of forming large pure hydrocarbon molecules, and nitrogen-containing carbonaceous chains, stacks, and even cyclic compounds. By employing accurate quantum chemical methods we have investigated the processes of growth, structures, nature of bonding, mechanisms, and spectroscopic properties of the ensuing ionic products after pairing small carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen-containing molecules with major ions observed in the upper atmosphere of Titan, e.g. C2H5+ and HCNH+. We have also studied the ion-neutral association pathways involving pure-carbon molecules e.g. acetylene, ethylene and other hydrocarbons, and their dissociation fragments in a plasma discharge. We have investigated how nitrogen atoms are incorporated into the carbon ring during growth. Specifically, we explored the mechanisms by which the synthesis of pyrimidine will be feasible in the atmosphere of Titan in conjunction with ion-mobility experiments. We have used accurate ab initio coupled cluster theory, Møller-Plesset perturbation theory, density functional theory, and coupled cluster theory quantum chemical methods together with large correlation consistent basis sets in these investigations. We found that a series of hydrocarbons with a specific stoichiometric composition prefers cyclic molecule formation rather than chains. Some of the association products we investigated have large oscillator strengths for charge-transfer type electronic excitations in the near infrared and visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Our quantum chemistry computations complement well the results from the molecular/ion plasma experiments performed by the Laboratory Astrochemistry groups at Ames.

  17. Current basis for discovery and development of aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists for experimental and therapeutic use in atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pernomian, Larissa; da Silva, Carlos H T P

    2015-10-01

    The important role played by aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis induced by cigarette smoke exposure has spurred the clinical interest in the development of aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists with atheroprotective efficacy. A few aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists were developed but the lack of structural information regarding the receptor ligand binding domain resulted in several limitations in the pharmacological properties of these compounds including partial agonism, allosterism, non-selectivity, cytotoxicity and susceptibility to bioactivation. These limitations make the progress of preclinical and clinical assays with the available aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists difficult. There is a great interest in developing pure, competitive, selective, nontoxic and resistant to bioactivation aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists. Current technology permits the development of pharmacologically ideal antagonists based on the chemical features of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand binding domain. According to these characteristics, chlorinated derivatives of trans-stilbene meta-substituted with electrophilic aromatic directing groups would be effective prototypes for pure, competitive, selective, nontoxic and resistant to bioactivation antagonists for such receptor. PMID:26142084

  18. Formation Routes For Pure and N-substituted Cyclic Hydrocarbon Molecules in The Ionosphere of Titan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bera, P. P.; Peverati, R.; Head-Gordon, M.; Lee, T. J.

    2013-12-01

    Titan's upper atmosphere contains large carbonaceous molecules as has been observed by the instruments on board the CASSINI spacecraft. How these large polyatomic molecules are synthesized in such exotic conditions is, thus far, unknown. Molecular ions are in relative abundance in the ionosphere of Titan. Hence, barrierless ion-molecule interactions may play a major role in guiding molecules towards each other and initiating reactions. We study these cold condensation pathways to determine whether they are a viable means of forming large pure hydrocarbon molecules, and nitrogen-containing carbonaceous chains, stacks, and even cyclic compounds. By employing accurate quantum chemical methods we have investigated the processes of growth, structures, nature of bonding, mechanisms, and spectroscopic properties of the ensuing ionic products after pairing small carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen-containing molecules with major ions observed in the upper atmosphere of Titan, e.g. C2H5+ and HCNH+. We have also studied the ion-neutral association pathways involving pure-carbon molecules e.g. acetylene, ethylene and other hydrocarbons, and their dissociation fragments in a plasma discharge. Additionally, we have investigated how nitrogen atoms are incorporated into the carbon ring during growth. We have used accurate ab initio coupled cluster theory, Møller-Plesset perturbation theory and density functional theory quantum chemical methods together with large correlation consistent basis sets in these investigations. We also employed time-dependent density functional theory and equations-of-motion coupled cluster theory to compute electronic excitation energies and oscillator strengths of the products of the ion-molecule reactions. We obtained accurate vibrational frequencies under the harmonic approximation and vibrational intensities using the double harmonic approximation for fundamental molecular vibrations. We identified three types of bonding motifs with strong, moderate, and weak binding energies among the carbonaceous complexes. Both linear and cyclic isomers identified on the potential energy surface of these molecular complexes are expected to form rather easily due to electrostatic interactions. We uncovered that a series of hydrocarbons with a specific stoichiometric composition prefers cyclic molecule formation rather than chains. Some of the association products we investigated have large oscillator strengths for charge-transfer type electronic excitations in the near infrared and visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Our quantum chemistry computations complement well the results from the molecular/ion plasma experiments performed by the Laboratory Astrochemistry groups at Ames. P. P. Bera, Martin Head-Gordon, and Timothy J. Lee Astron & Astrophys. 535, A74, (2011) P. P. Bera, M. Head-Gordon, and T. J. Lee, 15, 2012-2023,Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2013) P. P. Bera, Roberto Peverati, M. Head-Gordon, and Timothy J. Lee, To be submitted (2013)

  19. Asymmetric synthesis of ?-aryl amino acids; aryne-mediated diastereoselective arylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Elizabeth P; Jones, Peter; Barrett, Anthony G M

    2011-03-01

    An aryne-mediated ?-arylation reaction of Scho?llkopf's bis-lactim ether is described. Arynes were generated via an ortho-lithiation approach, affording syn-arylated products in up to 94:6 dr with moderate to good yields and excellent regioselectivities. Hydrolysis provided a variety of substituted arylglycines containing a range of functional groups without racemization. PMID:21302900

  20. Design, Synthesis and Antifibrotic Activities of Carbohydrate- Modified 1-(Substituted aryl)-5-trifluoromethyl-2(1H) Pyridones

    OpenAIRE

    Lijian Tao; Zhongjun Li; Renna Luo; Gaoyun Hu; Qi Hou; Zhiqi Lao; Lingling Xuan; Jinye Bai; Xiangbao Meng; Qinghua Lou

    2012-01-01

    Pirfenidone, a pyridone compound, is an effective and novel antifibrotic agent. In this article, we describe the design, synthesis and activity evaluation of novel antifibrotic agents, 1-(substituted aryl)-5-trifluoromethyl-2(1H) pyridones modified with carbohydrate. Most of the title compounds exhibited comparable or better inhibitory activity than fluorofenidone. Notably, compound 19a demonstrated the highest cell-based inhibitory activity against NIH 3T3 (IC50 = 0.17 mM).

  1. Design, Synthesis and Antifibrotic Activities of Carbohydrate- Modified 1-(Substituted aryl-5-trifluoromethyl-2(1H Pyridones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lijian Tao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pirfenidone, a pyridone compound, is an effective and novel antifibrotic agent. In this article, we describe the design, synthesis and activity evaluation of novel antifibrotic agents, 1-(substituted aryl-5-trifluoromethyl-2(1H pyridones modified with carbohydrate. Most of the title compounds exhibited comparable or better inhibitory activity than fluorofenidone. Notably, compound 19a demonstrated the highest cell-based inhibitory activity against NIH 3T3 (IC50 = 0.17 mM.

  2. C-Aryl glucoside SGLT2 inhibitors containing a biphenyl motif as potential anti-diabetic agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yuyang; Mao, Liufeng; Xu, Dengfeng; Xie, Hui; Yang, Ling; Xu, Hongjiang; Geng, Wenjun; Gao, Yong; Xia, Chunguang; Zhang, Xiquan; Meng, Qingyi; Wu, Donghai; Zhao, Junling; Hu, Wenhui

    2015-07-15

    A series of highly active C-aryl glucoside SGLT2 inhibitors containing a biphenyl motif were designed and synthesized for biological evaluation. Among the compounds tested, compound 16l demonstrated high inhibitory activity against SGLT2 (IC50=1.9 nM) with an excellent pharmacokinetic profile. Further study indicated that the in vivo efficacy of compound 16l was comparable to that of dapagliflozin, suggesting that further development would be worthwhile. PMID:26026363

  3. Vibrational spectra for uric acid and its D- and 15N-substituted analogues. Assignments for its normal modes from ab initio 3-21G force field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majoube, M.; Vergoten, G.

    1993-03-01

    FTR, Raman, FTIR spectra are obtained for polycrystalline uric acid and seven of its D-and 15N-substituted analogues. Assignments are given from a normal coordinate analysis carried out using a 3-21G ab initio force field. These are discussed by considering observed and calculated frequencies and D- and 15N-isotopic shifts.

  4. Smiles Rearrangement Based Practical One-pot Synthesis of N-Alkyl/aryl-6-aminoquinolines from 6-Hydroxylquinoline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Yongsheng; Vijaykumar, B. V. D.; Jang, Kiwan; Choi, Kyungmin; Shin, Dongsoo [Changwon National Univ., Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Zuo, Hua [Southwest Univ., Chongqing (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Yongjin [Gyeongsang National Univ., Chinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    The C-N coupling protocol reported herein represents a convenient and practical synthesis of N-alkyl/aryl-6-aminoquinolines in a three-step one-pot manner by simple addition of 6-hydroxyquinoline and N-alkyl/aryl-2-chloroacetamides with Cs{sub 2}CO{sub 3} or K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} in DMF at 150 .deg. C via Smiles rearrangement. An electron donating substituent on the nitrogen counterpart would accelerate the rearrangement process to achieve various anilines in good yields. We currently engaged in making a chemical library including multifarious N-substituted-6-aminoquinolines, to be used in the screening for specific AChEI activity. Furthermore, this work extends the scope of preparing different heterocyclic synthons in drug design for various biological activities. Aminoquinolines and their derivatives are important chemical entities that are widely used as pro-drugs and drugs due to their antimicrobial, cytotoxic and anti-malarial activities etc.

  5. Photocatalytic Arylation of Alkenes, Alkynes and Enones with Diazonium Salts

    OpenAIRE

    Schroll, Peter; Hari, Durga Prasad; König, Burkhard

    2012-01-01

    Teaching old dogs new tricks: Visible light photoredox catalysis improves the classic Meerwein arylation protocol significantly and allows the light-controlled arylation of alkenes, alkynes and enones by diazonium salts.

  6. Novel Synthesis and Anti-HIV-1 Activity of 2-Arylthio-6-benzyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrimidin-4-ones (Aryl S-DABOs)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aly, Youssef L.; Pedersen, Erik Bjerreg.; La Colla, Paolo; Loddo, Roberta

    2007-01-01

    The synthesis and the anti-HIV-1 activity of a series of 2-arylthio-6-benzyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrimidin-4-ones (aryl S-DABOs) are reported. These compounds were synthesized via a coupling reaction of the corresponding 6-benzyl-2-thiouracils with aryl iodides in the presence of neocuproine hydrate, copper(I) iodide, and sodium tert-butoxide. Target compounds showed moderate activity against HIV-1.

  7. One-pot synthesis of N-aryl 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives and their biological activities

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Isaivani Dhinakaran; Vediappen Padmini; Nattamai Bhuvanesh

    2015-12-01

    Highly efficient, one pot synthesis of N-aryl, 1,4-dihydopyridines was carried out by four component reaction. Synthesized 1,4-dihydropyridines were screened for their cytotoxicity against A549 cell line. All the synthesized compounds exhibited better DPPH radical scavenging activity.

  8. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of some novel 2-Aroylimino-3-aryl-thiazolidin-4-ones

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aamer, Saeed; Naeem, Abbas; Ulrich, Flörke.

    Full Text Available Este trabalho relata uma síntese eficiente e regio-seletiva de algumas 2-aroylimino-3-aryl-thiazolidin-4-ones (2a-j) envolvendo a ciclização de 1-aroyl-3-aryl tio-uréias em meio básico com cloreto de cloroacetila em dioxana. As estruturas foram confirmadas por dados espectroscópicos, análises elemen [...] tares e, em um caso (2j), por dados de difração de raios X tipo cristal único. Os compostos foram testados in vitro quanto à sua atividade antimicrobiana em relação a bactérias Gram positivas e Gram negativas. Os resultados revelaram uma atividade promissora desses compostos em relação aos microorganismos testados, comparando-se e, em alguns casos, até superando a atividade das drogas existentes. Abstract in english An efficient, regioselective synthesis of some 2-aroylimino-3-aryl-thiazolidin-4-ones (2a-j) involving base-catalyzed cyclization of 1-aroyl-3-aryl thioureas with chloroacetyl chloride in dioxane is reported. The structures were confirmed by spectroscopic data, elemental analyses and in one case (2j [...] ) by single crystal X-ray diffraction data. Compounds (2a-j) were assayed in vitro for their antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria and were found to exhibit promising activity towards the tested microorganisms, comparable to and in some cases better than those of the standard drugs.

  9. 3-methylcholanthrene induces differential recruitment of aryl hydrocarbon receptor to human promoters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pansoy, Andrea; Ahmed, Shaimaa; Valen, Eivind; Sandelin, Albin; Matthews, Jason

    2010-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated protein that mediates the toxic actions of polycyclic aromatic and halogenated compounds. Identifying genes directly regulated by AHR is important in understanding the pathways regulated by this receptor. Here we used chromatin immunoprecipitation and promoter focused microarrays (ChIP-chip) to detect AHR bound genomic regions after 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) treatment of T-47D human breast cancer cells. We identified 241 AHR-3MC bound re...

  10. Preparation of Peptide p-Nitroanilides using an Aryl Hydrazine Solid Support

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Y; Welsh, K; Mitchell, A R; Camarero, J A

    2004-08-05

    Peptide p-nitroanilides are useful compounds for studying protease activity, however the poor nucleophilicity of p-nitroaniline makes their preparation difficult. We describe a new efficient approach for the Fmoc-based synthesis of peptide p-nitroanilides using an aryl hydrazine resin. Mild oxidation of the peptide hydrazide resin yields a highly reactive acyl diazene, which efficiently reacts with weak nucleophiles. We have prepared several peptide p-nitroanilides, including substrates for the Lethal Factor protease from B. anthracis.

  11. Aryl carbinols as nerve agent probes. Influence of the conjugation on the sensing properties

    OpenAIRE

    Royo Calvo, Santiago; Gotor Candel, Raul Jesús; COSTERO NIETO, ANA MARIA; PARRA ALVAREZ, MARGARITA; GIL GRAU, SALVADOR; Martínez Mañez, Ramón; Sancenón Galarza, Félix

    2012-01-01

    Two new aryl carbinols (1 and 3) have been synthesised and characterised and their ability as OFF-ON probes for the chromogenic detection of the nerve agent simulant in acetonitrile has been tested. In addition compound 2 has been also studied. The carbinols suffered a phosphorylation reaction followed by an elimination process giving rise to the corresponding carbocations. This transformation of the carbinol into the carbocation is responsible for a significant color change. © The Royal Soci...

  12. Discovery of an ?-Amino C–H Arylation Reaction Using the Strategy of Accelerated Serendipity

    OpenAIRE

    McNally, Andrew; Prier, Christopher K.; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2011-01-01

    Serendipity has long been a welcome yet elusive phenomenon in the advancement of chemistry. We sought to exploit serendipity as a means of rapidly identifying unanticipated chemical transformations. By using a high-throughput, automated workflow and evaluating a large number of random reactions, we have discovered a photoredox-catalyzed C–H arylation reaction for the construction of benzylic amines, an important structural motif within pharmaceutical compounds that is not readily accessed via...

  13. Pseudoephedrine-Directed Asymmetric ?-Arylation of ?-Amino Acid Derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Rachel C; Fernández-Nieto, Fernando; Mas Roselló, Josep; Clayden, Jonathan

    2015-07-27

    Available ?-amino acids undergo arylation at their ??position in an enantioselective manner on treatment with base of N'-aryl urea derivatives ligated to pseudoephedrine as a chiral auxiliary. In?situ silylation and enolization induces diastereoselective migration of the N'-aryl group to the ??position of the amino acid, followed by ring closure to a hydantoin with concomitant explulsion of the recyclable auxiliary. The hydrolysis of the hydantoin products provides derivatives of quaternary amino acids. The arylation avoids the use of heavy-metal additives, and is successful with a range of amino acids and with aryl rings of varying electronic character. PMID:26083236

  14. Binding of dihydroxynaphthyl aryl ketones to tubulin colchicine site inhibits microtubule assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Eunices; Benites, Julio; Valderrama, Jaime A; Calderon, Pedro Buc; Verrax, Julien; Nova, Esteban; Villanelo, Felipe; Maturana, Daniel; Escobar, Cristian; Lagos, Rosalba; Monasterio, Octavio

    2015-10-23

    Dihydroxynaphthyl aryl ketones 1-5 have been evaluated for their abilities to inhibit microtubule assembly and the binding to tubulin. Compounds 3, 4 and 5 displayed competitive inhibition against colchicine binding, and docking analysis showed that they bind to the tubulin colchicine-binding pocket inducing sheets instead of microtubules. Remarkable differences in biological activity observed among the assayed compounds seem to be related to the structure and position of the aryl substituent bonded to the carbonyl group. Compounds 2, 3 and 4, which contain a heterocyclic ring, presented higher affinity for tubulin compared to the carbocyclic analogue 5. Compound 4 showed the best affinity of the series, with an IC50 value of 2.1 ?M for microtubule polymerization inhibition and a tubulin dissociation constant of 1.0 ± 0.2 ?M, as determined by thermophoresis. Compound 4 was more efficacious in disrupting microtubule assembly in vitro than compound 5 although it contains the trimethoxyphenyl ring present in colchicine. Hydrogen bonds with Asn101 of ?-tubulin seem to be responsible for the higher affinity of compound 4 respects to the others. PMID:26365353

  15. Aryl Polyphosphonates: Useful Halogen-Free Flame Retardants for Polymers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Chen

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Aryl polyphosphonates (ArPPN have been demonstrated to function in wide applications as flame retardants for different polymer materials, including thermosets, polycarbonate, polyesters and polyamides, particularly due to their satisfactory thermal stability compared to aliphatic flame retardants, and to their desirable flow behavior observed during the processing of polymeric materials. This paper provides a brief overview of the main developments in ArPPN and their derivatives for flame-retarding polymeric materials, primarily based on the authors’ research work and the literature published over the last two decades. The synthetic chemistry of these compounds is discussed along with their thermal stabilities and flame-retardant properties. The possible mechanisms of ArPPN and their derivatives containing hetero elements, which exhibit a synergistic effect with phosphorus, are also discussed.

  16. 3-Alkyl-3-(alkylamino)indolin-2-ones via Base-Mediated C-Arylation of 2-Nitrobenzenesulfonamides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Navarro, Vanesa; Volná, Tereza; Krch?ák, Viktor

    2015-08-10

    Resin-bound intermediates prepared from polymer-supported amino acid esters, 2-nitrobenezenesulfonyl chlorides, and alcohols were used to synthesize 3-alkyl-3-(alkylamino) indolin-2-ones. The key step of the reaction sequence was the formation of a quaternary carbon via the base-mediated C-arylation of 2-nitrobenzenesulfonamides. The cleavage of the acyclic precursors from the resin and subsequent reduction of the nitro group by Zn in acetic acid triggered the spontaneous cyclization of the arylated compounds to indolinones. The synthesis was carried out using simple commercially available building blocks under mild conditions and provided the 3,3-disubstituted indolinone derivatives with good overall yields however, the arylation reaction resulted in the epimerization of the quaternary carbon. PMID:26181142

  17. Cloning and heterologous expression of two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We identified two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase proteins (PcALDH1 and PcALDH2) from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Both PcALDHs were translationally up-regulated in response to exogenous addition of vanillin, one of the key aromatic compounds in the pathway of lignin degradation by basidiomycetes. To clarify the catalytic functions of PcALDHs, we isolated full-length cDNAs encoding these proteins and heterologously expressed the recombinant enzymes using a pET/Escherichia coli system. The open reading frames of both PcALDH1 and PcALDH2 consisted of 1503 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequences of both proteins showed high homologies with aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from other organisms and contained ten conserved domains of ALDHs. Moreover, a novel glycine-rich motif 'GxGxxxG' was located at the NAD+-binding site. The recombinant PcALDHs catalyzed dehydrogenation reactions of several aryl-aldehyde compounds, including vanillin, to their corresponding aromatic acids. These results strongly suggested that PcALDHs metabolize aryl-aldehyde compounds generated during fungal degradation of lignin and various aromatic xenobiotics.

  18. Cloning and heterologous expression of two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, Tomofumi [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Fukuoka Institute of Health and Environmental Sciences, 39 Mukaizano, Dazaifu-shi, Fukuoka 818-0135 (Japan); Ichinose, Hirofumi [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Wariishi, Hiroyuki, E-mail: hirowari@agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Bio-Architecture Center, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Innovation Center for Medical Redox Navigation, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

    2010-04-09

    We identified two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase proteins (PcALDH1 and PcALDH2) from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Both PcALDHs were translationally up-regulated in response to exogenous addition of vanillin, one of the key aromatic compounds in the pathway of lignin degradation by basidiomycetes. To clarify the catalytic functions of PcALDHs, we isolated full-length cDNAs encoding these proteins and heterologously expressed the recombinant enzymes using a pET/Escherichia coli system. The open reading frames of both PcALDH1 and PcALDH2 consisted of 1503 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequences of both proteins showed high homologies with aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from other organisms and contained ten conserved domains of ALDHs. Moreover, a novel glycine-rich motif 'GxGxxxG' was located at the NAD{sup +}-binding site. The recombinant PcALDHs catalyzed dehydrogenation reactions of several aryl-aldehyde compounds, including vanillin, to their corresponding aromatic acids. These results strongly suggested that PcALDHs metabolize aryl-aldehyde compounds generated during fungal degradation of lignin and various aromatic xenobiotics.

  19. Cloning and heterologous expression of two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Tomofumi; Ichinose, Hirofumi; Wariishi, Hiroyuki

    2010-04-01

    We identified two aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase proteins (PcALDH1 and PcALDH2) from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Both PcALDHs were translationally up-regulated in response to exogenous addition of vanillin, one of the key aromatic compounds in the pathway of lignin degradation by basidiomycetes. To clarify the catalytic functions of PcALDHs, we isolated full-length cDNAs encoding these proteins and heterologously expressed the recombinant enzymes using a pET/Escherichia coli system. The open reading frames of both PcALDH1 and PcALDH2 consisted of 1503 nucleotides. The deduced amino acid sequences of both proteins showed high homologies with aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenases from other organisms and contained ten conserved domains of ALDHs. Moreover, a novel glycine-rich motif "GxGxxxG" was located at the NAD(+)-binding site. The recombinant PcALDHs catalyzed dehydrogenation reactions of several aryl-aldehyde compounds, including vanillin, to their corresponding aromatic acids. These results strongly suggested that PcALDHs metabolize aryl-aldehyde compounds generated during fungal degradation of lignin and various aromatic xenobiotics. PMID:20175998

  20. Synthesis of 2,3-Dioxo-5-(substitutedarylpyrroles and Their 2-Oxo-5-aryl-3-hydrazone Pyrrolidine Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Hamzah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Some novel2,3-dioxo-5-(substitutedarylpyrroles have been synthesized. Among these, pyrrolidine compound 1b was converted to 2,3-dioxo-5-aryl pyrrolidine 2b. Finally a set of hydrazone derivatives was obtained from the reaction of 2b with various hydrazine salts. The structures of all the new synthesized compounds were confirmed by elemental analyses, IR and 1H-NMR spectra.

  1. Ultrastructure of Escherichia coli cells under the action of a novel derivative of aryl aliphatic aminoalcohols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dronova M.L.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Novel derivatives of aryl aliphatic aminoalcohols were examined for antimicrobial activity. Compound KVM-114 (4-(1,1,3,3-tetrabutyl phenoxy-3-dimethylamino-2-propanol hydrochloride was found as a selective against gram-negative bacteria. Objective. Investigation of compound KVM-114 influence on E. coli ultrastructure. Methods. Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined by serial dilution method in Muller-Hinton broth. Bacteria (Escherichia coli for transmission electron microscopy samples preparation was grown to exponential phase and then was exposed to the subinhibitory concentration of KVM-114 for 1 h and 24 h. Results. Intact E. coli cells were rod-shaped with rounded ends. A light layer, allowing clear visualization of the cell wall, was observed between the ?ytoplasm and cytoplasmic membrane. Lipopolysaccharide layer was well distinguished as well. Cytoplasm was filled with ribosomes and polyribosomes. 1 hour exposition to KVM-114 at a subinhibitory concentration resulted in the absence of polyribosomes in the cytoplasm. Increase of electron density of lipopolysaccharide layer and cell wall indicate alteration of cell envelope. Prolongation of the incubation period to 24 hours led to cell recovery: no changes were observed, compared to control cells. The data obtained suggest compound’s ability to alter cell envelope and metabolic activity, however, subinhibitory concentration is apparently not sufficient for total inhibition of E. coli growth. Conclusion. The derivative of aryl aliphatic aminoalcohols, compound KVM-114, possesses inhibitory activity against gram-negative bacteria. E. coli treatment with this compound resulted in structural changes of the cell wall and alteration of intracellular processes. Citation: Dronova ML, Voychuk SI, Vrynchanu NO. [Ultrastructure of Escherichia coli cells under the action of a novel derivative of aryl aliphatic aminoalcohols]. Morphologia. 2014;8(4:26-9. Ukrainian.

  2. Synthesis of 3-aryl-5-decapentyl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles possessing antiinflammatory and antitumor properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra, Natércia M Miranda; De Oliveira, Shalom P; Srivastava, Rajendra M; Da Silva, Joel R

    2005-01-01

    A simple, convenient and straightforward synthesis of 3-aryl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles 4a-f from arylamidoximes 1a-f and palmitic acid 2 is described. Compounds 4a-f are non-lethal in mice at four times the therapeutic dose (i.p., LD50>1 g kg(-1) of the animals' body weight). These heterocycles have been found to possess antiinflammatory property similar to aspirin and ibuprofen. Three compounds, viz., 4a, d, e have also been evaluated for antitumor activity, where 4d exhibited an excellent activity comparable to lapachol. PMID:16242685

  3. Synthesis and Fungicidal Activity of Novel Chloro-Containing 1-Aryl-3-oxypyrazoles with an Oximino Ester or Oximino Amide Moiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanyuan Liu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Six novel chloro-containing 1-aryl-3-oxypyrazoles TMa–TMf with an oximino ester or an oximino amide moiety were prepared by the reaction of 1-aryl-1H-pyrazol-3-ols with benzyl bromide. Their structures were characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, IR, MS, and elemental analysis. A preliminary in vitro bioassay indicated that compounds TMa, TMe and TMf displayed excellent fungicidal activity against Rhizoctonia solani and could be used as potential lead compounds for further development of novel fungicides.

  4. Multimetallic catalysed cross-coupling of aryl bromides with aryl triflates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, Laura K. G.; Lovell, Matthew M.; Weix, Daniel J.

    2015-08-01

    The advent of transition-metal catalysed strategies for forming new carbon-carbon bonds has revolutionized the field of organic chemistry, enabling the efficient synthesis of ligands, materials, and biologically active molecules. In cases where a single metal fails to promote a selective or efficient transformation, the synergistic cooperation of two distinct catalysts--multimetallic catalysis--can be used instead. Many important reactions rely on multimetallic catalysis, such as the Wacker oxidation of olefins and the Sonogashira coupling of alkynes with aryl halides, but this approach has largely been limited to the use of metals with distinct reactivities, with only one metal catalyst undergoing oxidative addition. Here, we demonstrate that cooperativity between two group 10 metal catalysts--(bipyridine)nickel and (1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane)palladium--enables a general cross-Ullmann reaction (the cross-coupling of two different aryl electrophiles). Our method couples aryl bromides with aryl triflates directly, eliminating the use of arylmetal reagents and avoiding the challenge of differentiating between multiple carbon-hydrogen bonds that is required for direct arylation methods. Selectivity can be achieved without an excess of either substrate and originates from the orthogonal reactivity of the two catalysts and the relative stability of the two arylmetal intermediates. While (1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane)palladium reacts preferentially with aryl triflates to afford a persistent intermediate, (bipyridine)nickel reacts preferentially with aryl bromides to form a transient, reactive intermediate. Although each catalyst forms less than 5 per cent cross-coupled product in isolation, together they are able to achieve a yield of up to 94 per cent. Our results reveal a new method for the synthesis of biaryls, heteroaryls, and dienes, as well as a general mechanism for the selective transfer of ligands between two metal catalysts. We anticipate that this reaction will simplify the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, many of which are currently made with pre-formed organometallic reagents, and lead to the discovery of new multimetallic reactions.

  5. C(aryl-O Bond Formation from Aryl Methanesulfonates via Consecutive Deprotection and SNAr Reactions with Aryl Halides in an Ionic Liquid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Chen

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available An efficient K3PO4-mediated synthesis of unsymmetrical diaryl ethers using the ionic liquid [Bmim]BF4 (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate as solvent has been developed. The procedure involves consecutive deprotection of aryl methane-sulfonates and a nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNAr with activated aryl halides.

  6. Copper-catalysed N-arylation of arylsulfonamides with aryl bromides and aryl iodides using KF/Al2O3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rahman Hosseinzadeh; Mahmood Tajbakhsh; Maryam Mohadjerani; Mohammad Alikarami

    2010-03-01

    An efficient synthesis of -arylsulfonamides with a variety of aryl bromides, aryl iodides and heteroaryl bromides using KF/Al2O3 as a suitable base, CuI as an inexpensive catalyst and $N,N'$-dimethylethylenediamine ($N,N'$-DMEDA) as an effective ligand is described.

  7. C(aryl)-O Bond Formation from Aryl Methanesulfonates via Consecutive Deprotection and SNAr Reactions with Aryl Halides in an Ionic Liquid

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Chen; Hui Xu

    2007-01-01

    An efficient K3PO4-mediated synthesis of unsymmetrical diaryl ethers using the ionic liquid [Bmim]BF4 (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate) as solvent has been developed. The procedure involves consecutive deprotection of aryl methane-sulfonates and a nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNAr) with activated aryl halides.

  8. Silver-Mediated Fluorination of Functionalized Aryl Stannanes

    OpenAIRE

    Ritter, Tobias; Furuya, Takeru; Strom, Alexandra E.

    2009-01-01

    We report a regiospecific silver-mediated fluorination of aryl stannanes. The presented reaction can afford complex fluoroarenes from readily available phenols in three steps. The operational simplicity and the broad substrate scope of the fluorination should render this reaction a useful tool for the synthesis of milligram to gram quantities of functionalized aryl fluorides. Silver-mediated oxidative transformations of aryl nucleophiles that proceed via bimetallic redox processes are a new a...

  9. N-Substituted 5-Amino-6-methylpyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitriles: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis and Biological Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ondrej Jandourek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work a series of 15 N-benzylamine substituted 5-amino-6-methyl-pyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitriles was prepared by the aminodehalogenation reactions using microwave assisted synthesis with experimentally set and proven conditions. This approach for the aminodehalogenation reaction was chosen due to its higher yields and shorter reaction times. The products of this reaction were characterized by IR, NMR and other analytical data. The compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial, antifungal and herbicidal activity. Compounds 3 (R = 3,4-Cl, 9 (R = 2-Cl and 11 (R = 4-CF3 showed good antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC = 6.25 µg/mL. It was found that the lipophilicity is important for antimycobacterial activity and the best substitution on the benzyl moiety of the compounds is a halogen or trifluoromethyl group according to Craig’s plot. The activities against bacteria or fungi were insignificant. The presented compounds also inhibited photosynthetic electron transport in spinach chloroplasts and the IC50 values of the active compounds varied in the range from 16.4 to 487.0 µmol/L. The most active substances were 2 (R = 3-CF3, 3 (R = 3,4-Cl and 11 (R = 4-CF3. A linear dependence between lipophilicity and herbicidal activity was observed.

  10. Evidence for in Situ Catalyst Modification during the Pd-Catalyzed Conversion of Aryl Triflates to Aryl Fluorides

    OpenAIRE

    Maimone, Thomas J.; Milner, Phillip J.; Kinzel, Tom; Zhang, Yong; Michael K. Takase; Buchwald, Stephen L.

    2011-01-01

    A mechanistic investigation of the Pd-catalyzed conversion of aryl triflates to fluorides is presented. Studies reveal that C—F reductive elimination from an LPd(II)(aryl) fluoride complex (L = t-BuBrettPhos (2), RockPhos (3)) does not occur when the aryl group is electron rich. Evidence is presented that a modified phosphine, generated in-situ, serves as the actual supporting ligand during catalysis with such substrates. A preliminary study of the reactivity of an LPd(II)(aryl) fluoride comp...

  11. Synthesis, Half-Wave Potentials and Antiproliferative Activity of 1-Aryl-substituted Aminoisoquinolinequinones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Andrea Ibacache

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of a variety of 1-aryl-7-phenylaminoisoquinolinequinones from 1,4-benzoquinone and arylaldehydes via the respective 1-arylisoquinolinequinones is reported. The cyclic voltammograms of the new compounds exhibit two one-electron reduction waves to the corresponding radical-anion and dianion and two quasi-reversible oxidation peaks. The half-wave potential values (EI½ of the members of the series have proven sensitive to the electron-donor effect of the aryl group (phenyl, 2-thienyl, 2-furyl at the 1-position as well as to the phenylamino groups (anilino, p-anisidino at the 7-position. The antiproliferative activity of the new compounds was evaluated in vitro using the MTT colorimetric method against one normal cell line (MRC-5 lung fibroblasts and two human cancer cell lines: AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma and HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells in 72-h drug exposure assays. Among the series, compounds 5a, 5b, 5g, 5h, 6a and 6d exhibited interesting antiproliferative activities against human gastric adenocarcinoma. The 1-arylisoquinolinequinone 6a was found to be the most promising active compound against the tested cancer cell lines in terms of IC50 values (1.19; 1.24 µM and selectivity index (IS: 3.08; 2.96, respect to the anti-cancer agent etoposide used as reference (IS: 0.57; 0.14.

  12. Synthesis and antimicrobial activities of new oxime carbamates of 3-aryl-2-thioquinazolin-4(3H)-one

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Suresh S Patil; Swati D Jadhav; M B Deshmukh

    2012-09-01

    S-alkylation of 3-aryl-2-thioquinazolin-4(3H)-one (1) with chloroacetone gave 2-(propanonyl thio)-3-arylquinazol-4(3H)ones (2). Further, the treatment of compound (2) with hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave the corresponding oximes (3) which on reaction with phenyl isocyanate in THF yielded corresponding oxime carbamates 4. The synthesized compounds have been confirmed using IR and 1H NMR, mass spectral data together with elemental analysis. All newly synthesized compounds have been tested for their antibacterial and antifungal activities.

  13. Synthesis and fluorescence properties of N-substituted 1-cyanobenz[f]isoindole chitosan polymers and nanoparticles for live cell imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonil, Pattarapond; Sajomsang, Warayuth; Ruktanonchai, Uracha Rungsardthong; Na Ubol, Preeyawis; Treetong, Alongkot; Opanasopit, Praneet; Puttipipatkhachorn, Satit

    2014-08-11

    Highly fluorescent N-substituted 1-cyanobenz[f]isoindole chitosans (CBI-CSs) with various degrees of N-substitution (DS) were synthesized by reacting chitosan (CS) with naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde (NDA) in the presence of cyanide under mild acidic conditions. Introduction of 1-cyanobenz[f]isoindole moieties into the CS backbone resulted in lowering of polymer thermal stability and crystallinity. The fluorescence quantum yield (?f) of CBI-CS was found to be DS- and molecular-weight-dependent, with ?f decreasing as DS and molecular weight were increased. At similar DS values, CBI-CS exhibited 26 times higher ?f in comparison with fluorescein isothiocyanate-substituted chitosan (FITC-CS). CBI-CS/TPP nanoparticles were fabricated using an ionotropic gelation method in which pentasodium triphosphate (TPP) acted as a cross-linking agent. CS and CBI-CS exhibited low cytotoxicity to normal skin fibroblast cells over a concentration range of 0.1-1000 ?g/mL, while an increased cytotoxicity level was evident in CBI-CS/TPP nanoparticles at concentrations greater than 100 ?g/mL. In contrast with CBI-CS polymers, the CBI-CS/TPP nanoparticles exhibited lower fluorescence; however, confocal microscopy results showed that living normal skin fibroblast cells became fluorescent on nanoparticle uptake. These results suggest that CBI-CS and fabricated nanoparticles thereof may be promising fluorescence probes for live cell imaging. PMID:24956200

  14. Theoretical study on the electronic structures and phosphorescent properties of a series of iridium(III) complexes with the different positional N-substitution in the pyridyl moiety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Deming; Hao, Fengqi [School of Life Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China); Tian, Jian [Clean Energy Technology Laboratory, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China); Pang, Chunying; Li, Jingmei [School of Life Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China); Zhao, Lihui, E-mail: zhaolihui@yahoo.com [School of Life Science and Technology, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022 (China); Zhang, Gang [State Key Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China)

    2015-03-15

    The geometry structures, electronic structures, absorption and phosphorescent properties of a series of iridium(III) complexes with the different N-substitution cyclometalating ligand and the same benzyldiphenylphosphine auxiliary ligand have been theoretically investigated by using the density functional theory method. The lowest energy absorption wavelengths are located at 378 nm for A, 430 nm for B, 411 nm for C, 436 nm for D, and 394 nm for E. The introduction of N atom substitution at 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-positions on the pyridyl moiety of complex A leads to an obvious redshifted absorption. The lowest energy emissions for complexes A–E are localized at 450, 409, 438, 483, and 429 nm, respectively, simulated in CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} medium at M052X level. Ionization potential and electron affinity have been calculated to evaluate the injection abilities of holes and electrons into these complexes. For complex C, the calculated results showed that it can possibly possess the larger radiative decay rate (k{sub r}) value than those of other four complexes. It is anticipated that the theoretical studies can provide valuable information for designing new phosphorescent metal complexes of organic light-emitting diodes. - Highlights: • Five Ir(III) complexes have been theoretically investigated. • The effect of N-substitution cyclometalating ligand has been studied. • The complex C possibly possesses the largest radiative decay rate value.

  15. Synthesis and Antiviral Bioactivities of 2-Aryl- or 2-Methyl-3-(substituted- Benzalamino-4(3H-quinazolinone Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuo Chen

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A simple and general method has been developed for the synthesis of various4(3H-quinazolinone derivatives by the treatment of the appropriate 3-amino-2-aryl-4(3H-quinazolinone with a substituted benzaldehyde in ethanol. The structures of the compoundswere characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectra. The title 2-aryl- or 2-methyl-3-(substituted-benzalamino-4(3H-quinazolinone compounds III-1~III-31 were found to possess moderate to good antiviral activity. Semi-quantitative PCR andReal Time PCR assays were used to ascertain the target of action of compound III-31against TMV. The studies suggest that III-31 possesses antiviral activity due to inductionof up-regulation of PR-1a and PR-5, thereby inhibiting virus proliferation and movementby enhancement of the activity of some defensive enzyme.

  16. Aryl (meth)acrylates and polymers based on them

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data on the synthesis, polymerisation and copolymerisation of aryl (meth)acrylates are generalised and systematised. Chemical and photochemical properties of the polymers and copolymers are considered. Basic directions of practical application of poly[aryl (meth)acrylates] and copolymers are demonstrated. The bibliography includes 449 references.

  17. Mechanism-based inactivation of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase by aryl acetylenes and aryl olefins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of aryl acetylenes and aryl olefins have been examined as substrates and inhibitors of cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxgenases in liver microsomes from 5,6-benzoflavone or phenobarbital pretreated rats. 1-Ethynylpyrene, 3-ethynylperylene, 2-ethynylfluorene, methyl 1-pyrenyl acetylene, cis- and trans-1-(2-bromovinyl)pyrene, and 1-allylpyrene serve as mechanism-based irreversible inactivators (suicide inhibitors) of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase, while 1-vinylpyrene and phenyl 1-pyrenyl acetylene do not cause a detectable suicide inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase. The mechanism-based loss of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase caused by the aryl acetylenes is not accompanied by a corresponding loss of the P-450 content of the microsomes (suicide destruction). The suicide inhibition by these aryl acetylenes therefore does not involve covalent binding to the heme moiety of the monooxygenase. Nevertheless, in the presence of NADPH, 3H-labeled 1-ethynylpyrene becomes covalently attached to the cytochrome P-450 protein; the measured stoichiometry of binding is one 1-ethynylpyrene per P-450 heme unit. The authors conclude that the inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase produced by 1-ethynylpyrene may be related to the mechanism of suicide inhibition of P-450 activity by chloramphenicol rather than the mechanism of suicide destruction of P-450 previously described for acetylene and propyne

  18. Stabilization of CoI by ZnII in pure acetonitrile and its reaction with aryl halides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seka, Sylvaine; Buriez, Olivier; Périchon, Jacques

    2003-08-01

    The study of the electrochemical behavior of cobalt(II) bromide (CoBr(2)) in pure acetonitrile allowed us to demonstrate that Co(2+) is the catalyst precursor involved in the electrochemical and chemical conversions of arylhalides, ArX, to arylzinc compounds in that solvent. The reduction of Co(2+) leads to the Co(+) species, which disproportionates too rapidly to react further with aryl halides. However, the presence of zinc(II) bromide allows us to stabilize the electrogenerated cobalt(I) and to observe it on the timescale of slow cyclic voltammetry. Under such conditions, the Co(I) species has time to react with aryl halides and produce [Co(III)ArX](+) complexes that are reduced into [Co(II)ArX] by a single electron uptake at the same potential at which Co(2+) is reduced. Rate constants for the oxidative addition of ArX to Co(I) have been determined for various aryl halides and compared to the values obtained in an acetonitrile (ACN)/pyridine (9:1, v/v) mixture. It is shown that Co(I) is stabilized more by ZnBr(2) than by pyridine. A transmetallation reaction between [Co(II)ArX] and ZnBr(2) has also been observed. We finally propose a mechanism for the cobalt-catalyzed electrochemical conversion of aryl bromides into organozinc species in pure acetonitrile. PMID:12898686

  19. A new one-pot synthesis of 1,2,4-oxadiazoles from aryl nitriles, hydroxylamine and crotonoyl chloride

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Masoumeh Zakeri; Majid M Heravi; Ebrahim Abouzari-Lotf

    2013-07-01

    The reaction of aryl nitriles with hydroxylamine using acetic acid as a catalyst followed by subsequent addition of crotonoyl chloride to the intermediate amidoxime represents a straightforward one-pot access to new 1,2,4-oxadiazole synthesis under mild conditions. The course of the reaction was found to be high yielding and all new compounds were well characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), mass spectrometry (MS) and elemental analysis.

  20. C- versus O-Arylation of an Enol-Lactone Using Potassium tert-butoxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Moktar Essassi

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The use of potassium tert-butoxide as the base in arylation reactions of an enollactone with a series of benzyl halides was explored. Our work demonstrates that the ratio of C-arylation to O-arylation varies with the substitution pattern of the aryl halide.

  1. Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 3-Aryl-quinoxaline-2-carbonitrile 1,4-Di-N-oxide Derivatives as Hypoxic Selective Anti-tumor Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Yongzhou Hu; Rong Sheng; Xiaowen Liu; Shihao Shangguan; Qing Xia; Yunzhen Hu

    2012-01-01

    A series of 3-aryl-2-quinoxaline-carbonitrile 1,4-di-N-oxide derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for hypoxic and normoxic cytotoxic activity against human SMMC-7721, K562, KB, A549 and PC-3 cell lines. Many of these new compounds displayed more potent hypoxic cytotoxic activity compared with TX-402 and TPZ in the tumor cells based evaluation, which confirmed our hypothesis that the replacement of the 3-amine with the substituted aryl ring of TX-402 increa...

  2. Multicomponent, solvent-free synthesis of 12-aryl-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzo[]-xanthen-11-one derivatives catalysed by cyanuric chloride

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zhan-Hui Zhang; Peng Zhang; Shu-Hong Yang; Hong-Juan Wang; Jia Deng

    2010-05-01

    An efficient and direct protocol for the preparation of 12-aryl-8,9,10,12-tetrahydro-benzo[] xanthen-11-one derivatives employing a three-component one-pot reaction of aryl aldehydes, 2-naphthol and cyclic 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds in the presence of a catalytic amount of cyanuric chloride (2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine, TCT) under solvent-free conditions is described. The desired products are obtained in high yields with short reaction times.

  3. Cloning, expression and characterization of an aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain BKM-F-1767

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Dong-Dong

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium is among the small group of fungi that can degrade lignin to carbon dioxide while leaving the crystalline cellulose untouched. The efficient lignin oxidation system of this fungus requires cyclic redox reactions involving the reduction of aryl-aldehydes to the corresponding alcohols by aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase. However, the biochemical properties of this enzyme have not been extensively studied. These are of most interest for the design of metabolic engineering/synthetic biology strategies in the field of biotechnological applications of this enzyme. Results We report here the cloning of an aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase cDNA from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium, its expression in Escherichia coli and the biochemical characterization of the encoded GST and His6 tagged protein. The purified recombinant enzyme showed optimal activity at 37°C and at pH 6.4 for the reduction of aryl- and linear aldehydes with NADPH as coenzyme. NADH could also be the electron donor, while having a higher Km (220 ?M compared to that of NADPH (39 ?M. The purified recombinant enzyme was found to be active in the reduction of more than 20 different aryl- and linear aldehydes showing highest specificity for mono- and dimethoxylated Benzaldehyde at positions 3, 4, 3,4 and 3,5. The enzyme was also capable of oxidizing aryl-alcohols with NADP?+?at 30°C and an optimum pH of 10.3 but with 15 to 100-fold lower catalytic efficiency than for the reduction reaction. Conclusions In this work, we have characterized the biochemical properties of an aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. We show that this enzyme functions in the reductive sense under physiological conditions and that it displays relatively large substrate specificity with highest activity towards the natural compound Veratraldehyde.

  4. Structure Activity Relationships of ?v Integrin Antagonists for Pulmonary Fibrosis by Variation in Aryl Substituents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, James; Anderson, Edward C; Blackham, Emma E; Chiu, Yin Wa Ryan; Clarke, Thomas; Eccles, Natasha; Gill, Luke A; Haye, Joshua J; Haywood, Harvey T; Hoenig, Christian R; Kausas, Marius; Le, Joelle; Russell, Hannah L; Smedley, Christopher; Tipping, William J; Tongue, Tom; Wood, Charlotte C; Yeung, Jason; Rowedder, James E; Fray, M Jonathan; McInally, Thomas; Macdonald, Simon J F

    2014-11-13

    Antagonism of ?v?6 is emerging as a potential treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis based on strong target validation. Starting from an ?v?3 antagonist lead and through simple variation in the nature and position of the aryl substituent, the discovery of compounds with improved ?v?6 activity is described. The compounds also have physicochemical properties commensurate with oral bioavailability and are high quality starting points for a drug discovery program. Compounds 33S and 43E1 are pan ?v antagonists having ca. 100 nM potency against ?v?3, ?v?5, ?v?6, and ?v?8 in cell adhesion assays. Detailed structure activity relationships with these integrins are described which also reveal substituents providing partial selectivity (defined as at least a 0.7 log difference in pIC50 values between the integrins in question) for ?v?3 and ?v?5. PMID:25408832

  5. Synthesis, characterisation of few N-substituted 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives and their copper(II) complexes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nilotpal Barooah; Chandan Tamuly; Jubaraj B Baruah

    2005-03-01

    A few 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives with phenyl (1), benzyl (2), 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl ethyl (3), 4-pyridyl (4), 2-hydroxy ethyl (5), 4-pyridylmethyl (6) groups attached to the nitrogen atom are synthesized and characterized. Cyclic voltammograms of all these compounds show one-electron reversible redox cycle ( $-1.24$ V to $-1.18$ V) due to formation of anion radicals. However, in the case of (5), quenching of this redox process occurs when polyhydroxy-aromatic compounds such as 1,3-dihydroxy benzene and 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene are added. Copper complexes, namely bis-{N-(4-pyridylmethyl)1,8-naphthalimide}copper (II) perchlorate (8), bis-{N-(4-pyridylmethyl)1,8-naphthalimide}copper (II) perchlorate (9) and bis-{N-(4-pyridylmethyl)phthalimide} copper (II) perchlorate (10) are synthesized and characterised. The complexes (8) and (9) show reversible redox couple of the ligand without any significant interaction with the redox active copper (II) centre.

  6. Synthesis of Novel 3-aryl-1-oxa-2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-ene Derivatives and Their Biological Evaluation Against Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wen-Long; Chen, Xia; Gao, Li-Xin; Sheng, Li; Li, Jing-Ya; Li, Jia; Feng, Bainian

    2015-11-01

    A series of novel 3-aryl-1-oxa-2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-ene derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as a new class of inhibitors against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. Among them, compound 6f displayed moderate inhibitory activity with IC50 of 2.87 ± 0.24 ?m and can be used as a novel lead compound for the design of inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. PMID:25996453

  7. SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL N-SUBSTITUTED 2-(1H-BENZOTRIAZOL-1-YL - ACETOHYDRAZIDE DERIVATIVES AS ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimit S. Patel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available As a part of research project on the synthesis of number of substituted benzotriazole derivatives with electron donating as well as electron withdrawing groups was done and evaluated them for antibacterial and antifungal activity. First of all benzotriazole was prepared using o-phenylene diamine and sodium nitrite in acidic conditions. Now benzotriazole was reacted with ethyl chloroacetate to form benzotriazole ethyl acetate which was then reacted with hydrazine hydrate to produce benzotriazole acetohydrazide. Finally it was reacted with different sulfonyl chlorides and benzoyl chlorides to give various derivatives. The purity of all compounds have been checked by the TLC monitoring and the confirmation of the structure is checked by different spectral analysis like UV, IR, Mass and NMR and evaluated as antibacterial agent by using sulfacetamide as standard drug and for antifungal activity by using clotrimazole as standard drug.

  8. Palladium-Catalyzed alpha-Arylation of Tetramic Acids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storgaard, Morten; Dorwald, F. Z.; Peschke, B.; Tanner, David Ackland

    2009-01-01

    A mild, racemization-free, palladium-Catalyzed alpha-arylation of tetramic acids (2,4-pyrrolidinediones) has been developed. Various amino acid-derived tetramic acids were cleanly arylated by treatment with 2 mol % of Pd(OAc)(2), 4 mol % of a sterically demanding biaryl phosphine, 2.3 equiv of K2CO3 or K3PO4, and aryl chlorides, bromides, or triflates in THF. With conventional heating, conversions >95% could be attained after 1 h at 80 degrees C, whereas microwave-induced heating led to much sho...

  9. Selective antagonists at group I metabotropic glutamate receptors: synthesis and molecular pharmacology of 4-aryl-3-isoxazolol amino acids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann, Hasse; Sløk, Frank A; Stensbøl, Tine B; Bräuner-Osborne, Hans; Madsen, Ulf; Krogsgaard-Larsen, Povl

    2002-01-01

    Homologation of (S)-glutamic acid (Glu, 1) and Glu analogues has previously provided ligands with activity at metabotropic Glu receptors (mGluRs). The homologue of ibotenic acid (7), 2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-isoxazolyl)propionic acid (HIBO, 8), and the 4-phenyl derivative of 8, compound 9a, are both antagonists at group I mGluRs. Here we report the synthesis and molecular pharmacology of HIBO analogues 9b-h containing different 4-aryl substituents. All of these compounds possess antagonist activit...

  10. 2-Anilino-4-aryl-1,3-thiazole inhibitors of valosin-containing protein (VCP or p97).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bursavich, Matthew G; Parker, Daniel P; Willardsen, J Adam; Gao, Zhong-Hua; Davis, Thaylon; Ostanin, Kirill; Robinson, Rosann; Peterson, Ashley; Cimbora, Daniel M; Zhu, Ju-Fen; Richards, Burt

    2010-03-01

    Valosin-containing protein (VCP; also known as p97) is a member of the AAA ATPase family with a central role in the ubiquitin-degradation of misfolded proteins. VCP also exhibits antiapoptotic function and metastasis via activation of nuclear factor kappa-B signaling pathway. We have discovered that 2-anilino-4-aryl-1,3-thiazoles are potent drug-like inhibitors of this enzyme. The identified compounds show low nanomolar VCP potency, demonstrate SAR trends, and show activity in a mechanism based cellular assay. This series of compounds represents the first steps towards a novel, small molecule VCP inhibitor as a cancer therapeutic. PMID:20137940

  11. Design, synthesis and evaluation of N-substituted saccharin derivatives as selective inhibitors of tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase XII.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Ascenzio, Melissa; Carradori, Simone; De Monte, Celeste; Secci, Daniela; Ceruso, Mariangela; Supuran, Claudiu T

    2014-03-15

    A series of N-alkylated saccharin derivatives were synthesized and tested for the inhibition of four different isoforms of human carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4. 2.1.1): the transmembrane tumor-associated CA IX and XII, and the cytosolic CA I and II. Most of the reported derivatives inhibited CA XII in the nanomolar/low micromolar range, hCA IX with KIs ranging between 11 and 390 nM, whereas they were inactive against both CA I (KIs >50 ?M) and II (K(I)s ranging between 39.1 nM and 50 ?M). Since CA I and II are off-targets of antitumor carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs), the obtained results represent an encouraging achievement for the development of new anticancer candidates without the common side effects of non-selective CAIs. Moreover, the lack of an explicit zinc binding function on these inhibitors opens the way towards the exploration of novel mechanisms of inhibition that could explain the high selectivity of these compounds for the inhibition of the transmembrane, tumor-associated isoforms over the cytosolic ones. PMID:24560739

  12. Selective copper catalysed aromatic N-arylation in water

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engel-Andreasen, Jens; Shimpukade, Bharat; Ulven, Trond.

    2013-01-01

    4,7-Dipyrrolidinyl-1,10-phenanthroline (DPPhen) was identified as an efficient ligand for copper catalyzed selective arom. N-arylation in water. N-Arylation of indoles, imidazoles and purines proceeds with moderate to excellent yields and complete selectivity over aliph. amines. Aq. medium and the possibility for low metal and ligand loadings give the process a benign environmental profile. [on SciFinder(R)

  13. Discovery and evaluation of potent P1 aryl heterocycle-based thrombin inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Mary Beth; Barrow, James C; Glass, Kristen L; Lundell, George F; Newton, Christina L; Pellicore, Janetta M; Rittle, Kenneth E; Selnick, Harold G; Stauffer, Kenneth J; Vacca, Joseph P; Williams, Peter D; Bohn, Dennis; Clayton, Franklin C; Cook, Jacquelynn J; Krueger, Julie A; Kuo, Lawrence C; Lewis, S Dale; Lucas, Bobby J; McMasters, Daniel R; Miller-Stein, Cynthia; Pietrak, Beth L; Wallace, Audrey A; White, Rebecca B; Wong, Bradley; Yan, Youwei; Nantermet, Philippe G

    2004-06-01

    In an effort to discover potent, clinically useful thrombin inhibitors, a rapid analogue synthetic approach was used to explore the P(1) region. Various benzylamines were coupled to a pyridine/pyrazinone P(2)-P(3) template. One compound with an o-thiadiazole benzylic substitution was found to have a thrombin K(i) of 0.84 nM. A study of ortho-substituted five-membered-ring heterocycles was undertaken and subsequently demonstrated that the o-triazole and tetrazole rings were optimal. Combination of these potent P(1) aryl heterocycles with a variety of P(2)-P(3) groups produced a compound with an extraordinary thrombin inhibitory activity of 1.4 pM. It is hoped that this potency enhancement in P(1) will allow for more diversification in the P(2)-P(3) region to ultimately address additional pharmacological concerns. PMID:15163182

  14. The discovery of new potent non-peptide Angiotensin II AT1 receptor blockers: A concise synthesis, molecular docking studies and biological evaluation of N-substituted 5-butylimidazole derivatives.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Agelis, G.; Resvani, A.; Durdagi, S.; Spyridaki, K.; T?mová, Tereza; Slaninová, Ji?ina; Giannopoulos, P.; Vlahakos, D.; Liapakis, G.; Mavromoustakos, T.; Matsoukas, J.

    2012-01-01

    Ro?. 55, Sep (2012), s. 358-374. ISSN 0223-5234 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : synthesis * angiotensin II receptor blockers * N-substituted 5-butylimidazole derivatives * antihypertensive activity * molecular docking Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.499, year: 2012

  15. Reductive carbonylation of aryl halides employing a two-chamber reactor : a protocol for the synthesis of aryl aldehydes including 13C- and D-isotope labeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsager, Signe; Taaning, Rolf H

    2013-01-01

    A protocol has been developed for conducting the palladium-catalyzed reductive carbonylation of aryl iodides and bromides using 9-methylfluorene-9-carbonyl chloride (COgen) as a source of externally delivered carbon monoxide in a sealed two-chamber system (COware), and potassium formate as the in situ hydride source. The method is tolerant to a wide number of functional groups positioned on the aromatic ring, and it can be exploited for the isotope labeling of the aldehyde group. Hence, reductive carbonylations run with (13)COgen provide a facile access to (13)C-labeled aromatic aldehydes, whereas with DCO2K, the aldehyde is specifically labeled with deuterium. Two examples of double isotopic labeling are also demonstrated. Finally, the method was applied to the specific carbon-13 labeling of the ?-amyloid binding compound, florbetaben.

  16. Synthesis and Antifungal Evaluation of 1-Aryl-2-dimethyl-aminomethyl-2-propen-1-one Hydrochlorides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Emin Topaloglu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of resistance to current antifungal therapeutics drives the search for new effective agents. The fact that several acetophenone-derived Mannich bases had shown remarkable antifungal activities in our previous studies led us to design and synthesize some acetophenone-derived Mannich bases, 1-8 and 2-acetylthiophene-derived Mannich base 9, 1-aryl-2-dimethylaminomethyl-2-propen-1-one hydrochloride, to evaluate their antifungal activities. The designed chemical structures have ?,?-unsaturated ketone moieties, which are responsible for the bioactivities of the Mannich bases. The aryl part was C6H5 (1; 4-CH3C6H4 (2; 4-CH3OC6H4 (3; 4-ClC6H4 (4; 4-FC6H4 (5; 4-BrC6H4 (6; 4-HOC6H4 (7; 4-NO2C6H4 (8; and C4H3S(2-yl (9. In this study the designed compounds were synthesized by the conventional heating method and also by the microwave irradiation method to compare these methods in terms of reaction times and yields to find an optimum synthetic method, which can be applied for the synthesis of Mannich bases in further studies. Since there are limited number of studies reporting the synthesis of Mannich bases by microwave irradiation, this study may also contribute to the general literature on Mannich bases. Compound 7 was reported for the first time. Antifungal activities of all compounds and synthesis of the compounds by microwave irradiation were also reported for the first time by this study. Fungi (15 species were used for antifungal activity test. Amphotericin B was tested as an antifungal reference compound. In conclusion, compounds 1-6, and 9, which had more potent (2–16 times antifungal activity than the reference compound amphotericin B against some fungi, can be model compounds for further studies to develop new antifungal agents. In addition, microwave irradiation can be considered to reduce reaction period, while the conventional method can still be considered to obtain compounds with higher reaction yields in the synthesis of new Mannich bases.

  17. Toxicity of teriflunomide in aryl hydrocarbon receptor deficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redaelli, Chiara; Gaffarogullari, Ece Cazibe; Brune, Maik; Pilz, Caroline; Becker, Simon; Sonner, Jana; Jäschke, Andres; Gröne, Hermann-Josef; Wick, Wolfgang; Platten, Michael; Lanz, Tobias Volker

    2015-12-01

    The intracellular transcription factor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is bound and activated by xenobiotics, thereby promoting their catabolism by inducing expression of cytochrome P450 oxidase (CYP) genes through binding xenobiotic response elements (XRE) in their promoter region. In addition, it is involved in several cellular pathways like cell proliferation, differentiation, regeneration, tumor invasiveness and immune responses. Several pharmaceutical compounds like benzimidazoles activate the AHR and induce their own metabolic degradation. Using newly generated XRE-reporter mice, which allow in vivo bioluminescence imaging of AHR activation, we show here that the AHR is activated in vivo by teriflunomide (TER), which has recently been approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. While we did not find any evidence that the AHR mediates the immunomodulatory effects of TER, AHR activation led to metabolism and detoxification of teriflunomide, most likely via CYP. Mice deficient for the AHR show higher blood levels of teriflunomide, suffer from enhanced thrombo- and leukopenia and elevated liver enzymes as well as from severe gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeding which are lethal after 8-11 days of treatment. Leukopenia, acute liver damage and diarrhea have also been described as common side effects in human trials with TER. These data suggest that the AHR is relevant for detoxification not only of environmental toxins but also of drugs in clinical use, with potential implications for the application of AHR-modifying therapies in conjunction to TER in humans. The XRE-reporter mouse is a useful novel tool for monitoring AHR activation using in vivo imaging. PMID:26341389

  18. Rational design, green synthesis, and initial evaluation of a series of full-color tunable fluorescent dyes enabled by the copper-catalyzed N-arylation of 6-phenyl pyridazinones and their application in cell imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Lei; Wang, Wei; Wu, Jun; Xu, Fengrong; Niu, Yan; Xu, Bo; Xu, Ping

    2013-10-01

    There is widespread interest in the application, optimization, and evolution of the transition-metal-catalyzed arylation of N-heteroarenes to discover full-color tunable fluorescent core frameworks. Inspired by the versatile roles of pyridazinone in organic synthesis and medicinal chemistry, herein, we report a simple and efficient copper-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction for the N-functionalization of pyridazinones in neat water. To achieve the efficient conversion of pyridazinones and organic halides in aqueous phase, a series of copper-salen complexes composed of different Schiff base ligands were investigated by rational design. A final choice of fine-tuned hydrophilicity balanced with lipophilicity among the candidates was confirmed, which affords excellent activity towards the reaction of a wide range of pyridazinones and organic halides. More importantly, the products as N-substituted pyridazinones were synthesized rationally by this methodology as full-color tunable fluorescent agents (426-612?nm). The N2 position of pyridazinones was modified by different aryl group such as benzothiazole, N,N-dimethylaniline, 3-quinoline, 4-isoquinoline and 2-thiophene, resulting in a series of full-color tunable fluorescent reagents. Meanwhile, the effects of electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups of the 6-substituted phenyl ring have also been investigated to optimize the fluorescent properties. These fluorescent core frameworks were studied in several cell lines as fluorescent dyes. Different colors from blue to red were observed by using fluorescence microscopy and confocal microscopy. PMID:24038329

  19. Aryliodine (III) Diacetates as Substrates for Pd-Ag Catalyzed Arylation of Alkenes

    OpenAIRE

    Evdokimov, Nikolai M.; Kornienko, Alexander; Magedov, Igor V.

    2011-01-01

    An unprecedented application of aryliodine (III) diacetates as substrates in Pd-Ag catalyzed arylation of alkenes is described. The mechanistic studies revealed that the binary Pd-Ag catalysis leads to the decomposition of aryliodine (III) diacetates to oxygen and aryl iodides followed by arylation of alkenes forming Heck-type products. Under optimized conditions both electron-rich and electron-deficient alkenes undergo arylation in high yields. Advantageously, the reaction proceeds smoothly ...

  20. Crystal structure analysis of a bacterial aryl acylamidase belonging to the amidase signature enzyme family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Saeyoung; Park, Eun-Hye; Ko, Hyeok-Jin; Bang, Won Gi; Kim, Hye-Yeon; Kim, Kyoung Heon; Choi, In-Geol

    2015-11-13

    The atomic structure of a bacterial aryl acylamidase (EC 3.5.1.13; AAA) is reported and structural features are investigated to better understand the catalytic profile of this enzyme. Structures of AAA were determined in its native form and in complex with the analgesic acetanilide, p-acetaminophenol, at 1.70 Å and 1.73 Å resolutions, respectively. The overall structural fold of AAA was identified as an ?/? fold class, exhibiting an open twisted ?-sheet core surrounded by ?-helices. The asymmetric unit contains one AAA molecule and the monomeric form is functionally active. The core structure enclosing the signature sequence region, including the canonical Ser-cisSer-Lys catalytic triad, is conserved in all members of the Amidase Signature enzyme family. The structure of AAA in a complex with its ligand reveals a unique organization in the substrate-binding pocket. The binding pocket consists of two loops (loop1 and loop2) in the amidase signature sequence and one helix (?10) in the non-amidase signature sequence. We identified two residues (Tyr(136) and Thr(330)) that interact with the ligand via water molecules, and a hydrogen-bonding network that explains the catalytic affinity over various aryl acyl compounds. The optimum activity of AAA at pH > 10 suggests that the reaction mechanism employs Lys(84) as the catalytic base to polarize the Ser(187) nucleophile in the catalytic triad. PMID:26454172

  1. Tuning Aryl?CH···O Intermolecular Interactions on Pt(111)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demers-Carpentier, Vincent; Laliberte, Marc-Andre?

    2011-01-01

    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) data are reported for the room-temperature adsorption of 2,2,2-trifluoroacetophenone (TFAP), 2,2,2-trifluorovinylbenzene (TFVB), octafluoroacetophenone (OFAP), and methyl benzoate (MB) on Pt(111). The objective of the study is to establish the role of aryl?CH···O bonding in forming self-assembled low-nuclearity structures at room temperature and to compare aryl?CH···O bonding by ester and ketone carbonyl functions. The STM images clearly evidence the formation of homochiral dimers and trimers of TFAP, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal aryl?CH···O bonding as the driving force for dimer formation. In contrast to TFAP, chemisorbed TFVB and OFAP do not form such self-assembled structures as they lack carbonyl and aryl?CH groups, respectively. The self-assembly of MB on Pt(111) differs from that of TFAP, in that it can form structures stabilized by one, as distinct from two, aryl?CH···O bonds. The results are discussed with respect to the enantioselective hydrogenation of ?-ketoesters on cinchona modified Pt catalysts.

  2. Carbonates: Eco-friendly Solvents for Palladium-Catalysed Direct Arylation of Heteroaromatics

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Jia Jia; Roger, Julien; Verrier, Cécile; Martin, Thibaut; Le Goff, Ronan; Hoarau, Christophe; Doucet, Henri

    2010-01-01

    The palladium-catalysed direct 2-, 4- or 5-arylation of a wide range of heteroaromatics with aryl halides proceed in moderate to good yields using the eco-friendly solvents carbonates. The best yields were obtained using benzoxazole or thiazole derivatives. The arylation of furan, thiophene, pyrrole, imidazole or isoxazole derivatives was found to require a more elevated reaction temperature.

  3. Effects of currently used pesticides and their mixtures on the function of thyroid hormone and aryl hydrocarbon receptor in cell culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghisari, Mandana; Long, Manhai; Tabbo, Agnese; Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Eva Cecilie

    2015-01-01

    Evidence suggest that exposure to pesticides can interfere with the endocrine system by multiple mechanisms. The endocrine disrupting potential of currently used pesticides in Denmark was analyzed as single compounds and in an equimolar mixture of 5 selected pesticides. The pesticides were previously analyzed for effects on the function of estrogen and androgen receptors, the aromatase enzyme and steroidogenesis in vitro. In this study, the effect on thyroid hormone (TH) function and aryl hydroc...

  4. Studies on Inclusion Complexes of 1-Nicotinoyl-4-Aryl-3-Methyl 3a, 4-Dihydropyrazolo [3, 4c] pyrazoles with ?-Cyclodextrin

    OpenAIRE

    Sunakar Panda; Singh, D L; S.K.Nayak

    2013-01-01

    Some 1-Nicotinoyl-4-aryl-3-methyl 3a, 4-dihydropyrazole [3, 4c] pyrazoles were synthesised and their inclusion complexes were prepared with ?-cyclodextrin. The compounds and their inclusion complexes were characterised by the study of their physical and spectral properties. The determination of stability constant of inclusion complexes and other thermodynamic parameters such as change in free energy, change in enthalpy and change in entropy, suggested the inclusion complex formation to be the...

  5. Ultrasound promoted and SiO2/CCl3COOH mediated synthesis of 2-aryl-1-arylmethyl-1-benzimidazole derivatives in aqueous media: An eco-friendly approach

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Brajesh Kumar; Kumari Smita; Brajendra Kumar; Luis Cumbal

    2014-11-01

    Ultrasonic irradiation is an efficient and innocuous technique of reagent activation for synthesizing organic compounds. First one-pot synthesis of 2-aryl-1-arylmethyl-1H- benzimidazole derivatives from o- phenylenediamine and an aromatic aldehyde in the presence of silica gel supported trichloroacetic acid (SiTCA) was carried out with excellent yields at 50°C by sonication. This method provided several advantages such as green solvent, inexpensive catalyst, simple experimental methodology, shorter reaction time and higher yield.

  6. Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryllithium reagents with 2-alkoxy-substituted aryl chlorides: mild and efficient synthesis of 3,3'-diaryl BINOLs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelló, Luis M; Hornillos, Valentín; Vila, Carlos; Giannerini, Massimo; Fañanás-Mastral, Martín; Feringa, Ben L

    2015-01-01

    Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryllithium reagents with 2-alkoxy-substituted aryl chlorides is described. The reactions proceed under mild conditions with short reaction times and provide a wide range of 2-alkoxy-substituted biaryls. This new methodology is applied to the efficient preparation of 3,3'-diaryl BINOLs and represents the first synthesis of this important class of chiral compounds from the corresponding 3,3'-dichloro BINOLs. PMID:25514438

  7. Substituted N-aryl-6-pyrimidinones: A new class of potent, selective, and orally active p38 MAP kinase inhibitors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devadas, Balekudru; Selness, Shaun R.; Xing, Li; Madsen, Heather M.; Marrufo, Laura D.; Shieh, Huey; Messing, Dean M.; Yang, Jerry Z.; Morgan, Heidi M.; Anderson, Gary D.; Webb, Elizabeth G.; Zhang, Jian; Devraj, Rajesh V.; Monahan, Joseph B. (Pfizer)

    2012-02-28

    A novel series of highly potent and selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitors was developed originating from a substituted N-aryl-6-pyrimidinone scaffold. SAR studies coupled with in vivo evaluations in rat arthritis model culminated in the identification of 10 with excellent oral efficacy. Compound 10 exhibited a significantly enhanced dissolution rate compared to 1, translating to a high oral bioavailability (>90%) in rat. In animal studies 10 inhibited LPS-stimulated production of tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} in a dose-dependent manner and demonstrated robust efficacy comparable to dexamethasone in a rat streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis model.

  8. Optimization of 3-aryl-3-ethoxypropanoic acids and discovery of the potent GPR40 agonist DS-1558.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, Rieko; Yoshida, Masao; Inoue, Masahiro; Honda, Takeshi; Nakashima, Ryutaro; Matsumoto, Koji; Yano, Tatsuya; Ogata, Tsuneaki; Watanabe, Nobuaki; Hirouchi, Masakazu; Kimura, Takako; Toda, Narihiro

    2015-09-01

    GPR40 agonists stimulate insulin secretion only under the presence of high glucose concentration. Based on this mechanism, GPR40 agonists are believed to be promising novel insulin secretagogues with low risk of hypoglycemia. The optimizations of 3-aryl-3-ethoxypropanoic acids were performed to improve in vitro activity. We discovered compound 29r (DS-1558), (3S)-3-ethoxy-3-(4-{[(1R)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]oxy}phenyl)propanoic acid, which was confirmed to have an enhancing effect on glucose-dependent insulin secretion after intravenous glucose injection in SD rats. PMID:26234904

  9. Design and synthesis of novel 3,5-bis-N-(aryl/heteroaryl) carbamoyl-4-aryl-1,4-dihydropyridines as small molecule BACE-1 inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razzaghi-Asl, Nima; Firuzi, Omidreza; Hemmateenejad, Bahram; Javidnia, Katayoun; Edraki, Najmeh; Miri, Ramin

    2013-11-15

    Alzheimer disease (AD) is a neuronal dementia for which no treatment has been consolidated yet. Major pathologic hallmark of AD is the aggregated extracellular amyloid-? plaques in the brains of disease sufferers. A?-peptide is a major component of amyloid plaques and is produced from amyloid precursor protein (APP) via the proteolysis action. An aspartyl protease known as ?-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE-1) is responsible for this proteolytic action. Distinctive role of BACE-1 in AD pathogenesis has made it a validated target to develop anti-Alzheimer agents. Our structure-based virtual screening method led to the synthesis of novel 3,5-bis-N-(aryl/heteroaryl) carbamoyl-4-aryl-1,4-dihydropyridine BACE-1 inhibitors (6a-6p; in vitro hits). Molecular docking and DFT-based ab initio studies using B3LYP functional in association with triple-? basis set (TZV) proposed binding mode and binding energies of ligands in the active site of the receptor. In vitro BACE-1 inhibitory activities were determined by enzymatic fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay. Most of the synthesized dihydropyridine scaffolds were active against BACE-1 while 6d, 6k, 6n and 6a were found to be the most potent molecules with IC50 values of 4.21, 4.27, 4.66 and 6.78 ?M, respectively. Superior BACE-1 inhibitory activities were observed for dihydropyridine derivatives containing fused/nonfused thiazole containing groups, possibly attributing to the additional interactions with S2-S3 subpocket residues. Relatively reliable correlation between calculated binding energies and experimental BACE-1 inhibitory activities was achieved (R(2)=0.51). Moreover, compounds 6d, 6k, 6n and 6a exhibited relatively no calcium channel blocking activity with regard to nifedipine suggesting them as appropriate candidates for further modification(s) to BACE-1 inhibitory scaffolds. PMID:24113238

  10. Activity of 2-aryl-2-(3-indolyl)acetohydroxamates against drug-resistant cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksenov, Alexander V; Smirnov, Alexander N; Magedov, Igor V; Reisenauer, Mary R; Aksenov, Nicolai A; Aksenova, Inna V; Pendleton, Alexander L; Nguyen, Gina; Johnston, Robert K; Rubin, Michael; De Carvalho, Annelise; Kiss, Robert; Mathieu, Véronique; Lefranc, Florence; Correa, Jaime; Cavazos, David A; Brenner, Andrew J; Bryan, Brad A; Rogelj, Snezna; Kornienko, Alexander; Frolova, Liliya V

    2015-03-12

    Many types of tumor, including glioma, melanoma, non-small cell lung, esophageal, and head and neck cancer, among others, are intrinsically resistant to apoptosis induction and poorly responsive to current therapies with proapoptotic agents. In addition, tumors often develop multidrug resistance based on the cellular efflux of chemotherapeutic agents. Thus, novel anticancer agents capable of overcoming these intrinsic or developed tumor resistance mechanisms are urgently needed. We describe a series of 2-aryl-2-(3-indolyl)acetohydroxamic acids that are active against apoptosis- and multidrug-resistant cancer cells as well as glioblastoma neurosphere stemlike cell cultures derived from patients. Thus, the described compounds serve as a novel chemical scaffold for the development of potentially highly effective clinical cancer drugs. PMID:25671501

  11. Mannosylated N-aryl substituted 3-hydroxypyridine-4-ones: synthesis, hemagglutination inhibitory properties, and molecular modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Car, Zeljka; Hrenar, Tomica; Petrovi? Perokovi?, Vesna; Ribi?, Rosana; Seni?ar, Mateja; Tomi?, Sr?anka

    2014-10-01

    Structural alterations of the aglycon portions of ?-mannosides influence their inhibitory potency toward type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. The aim of our work was to prepare and explore inhibitory properties of novel mannosylated N-aryl-substituted 3-hydroxypyridine-4-ones because they possess needed structural characteristics as possible FimH antagonists. Hemagglutination inhibitory tests showed that the examined 3-hydroxypyridine-4-one ?-mannosides exhibited better inhibitory activity than methyl ?-d-mannopyranoside used as a reference compound. Molecular modeling studies revealed the specific interactions responsible for the observed binding activities toward the mannose-specific FimH lectin. The activity depends on the substituent in p-position on the aglycon aromatic ring. PMID:24674669

  12. Characterization of Natural Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Agonists from Cassia Seed and Rosemary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiaki Amakura

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Many recent studies have suggested that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR reduces immune responses, thus suppressing allergies and autoimmune diseases. In our continuing study on natural AhR agonists in foods, we examined the influence of 37 health food materials on the AhR using a reporter gene assay, and found that aqueous ethanol extracts of cassia seed and rosemary had particularly high AhR activity. To characterize the AhR-activating substances in these samples, the chemical constituents of the respective extracts were identified. From an active ethyl acetate fraction of the cassia seed extract, eight aromatic compounds were isolated. Among these compounds, aurantio-obtusin, an anthraquinone, elicited marked AhR activation. Chromatographic separation of an active ethyl acetate fraction of the rosemary extract gave nine compounds. Among these compounds, cirsimaritin induced AhR activity at 10–102 ?M, and nepitrin and homoplantagenin, which are flavone glucosides, showed marked AhR activation at 10–103 ?M.

  13. Apparent correlation between structure and carcinogenicity of phenylenediamines and related compounds.

    OpenAIRE

    Milman, H A; Peterson, C

    1984-01-01

    The carcinogenicity of 23 phenylenediamines and related compounds was reviewed. An extensive analysis of the methods used indicated that the bioassays were conducted well. The data suggest that the carcinogenicity of 4-substituted 1,3-phenylenediamines is reduced substantially or eliminated completely by oxidation of one or both amine groups or by N-substitution. Oxidation of a methyl substituent on nitroaniline to a carboxyl group eliminated all carcinogenic activity. It required dichlorinat...

  14. A novel synthesis of 1-aryl-3-piperidone derivatives

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yinan; Richard B. Silverman

    2013-01-01

    A novel method to construct the 1-aryl-3-piperidone scaffold is described here. Starting from 3,5-dichloroaniline, a seven-step synthesis, without the use of protecting groups, generates the desired 3-piperidone ring in an overall yield of 30% through a key Morita–Baylis–Hillman reaction and ring-closing metathesis, providing easy access to diverse and useful heterocycles.

  15. Continuous flow enantioselective arylation of aldehydes with ArZnEt using triarylboroxins as the ultimate source of aryl groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Rolland

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A continuous flow system for the synthesis of enantioenriched diarylmethanols from aldehydes is described. The system uses an amino alcohol-functionalized polystyrene resin as the catalyst, and the arylating agent is conveniently prepared by transmetallation of triarylboroxins with diethylzinc.

  16. Synthesis and biological studies of some new n-substituted derivatives of n-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sulfonamides are biologically active compounds with broad spectrum of activities. In the presented research, a small collection of Nalkyl/aralkyl substituted sulfonamides have been synthesized and investigated for inhibition of different bacterial strains. The 1,3 Benzodioxol 5amine (1) was treated with tosyl chloride (2) in water under mild basic conditions to yield the molecule, N(1,3Benzodioxol5yl) 4methylbenzenesulfonamide (3). The target compounds, 5a-i, were obtained by stirring 3 with different electrophiles, 4a-i, in the presence of N,N dimethylformamide and sodium hydride. The structures of the synthesized compounds were established by spectroscopic techniques like IR, 1HNMR and EIMS. These compounds were assayed for their antimicrobial activities via screening against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The most of the compounds showed moderate activity against P. aeruginosa relative to reference standard drug, ciprofloxacin. (author)

  17. Synthesis of multi-functional materials through self-assembly of N-alkyl phenothiazine linked poly(aryl ether) dendrons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidhya Lakshmi, Neelakandan; Madhu Babu, Thunga; Prasad, Edamana

    2016-01-11

    Multi-functional self-assembled systems are developed from first and second generation poly aryl ether dendrons, which are covalently attached to N-alkyl phenothiazine unit through an acylhydrazone linkage. For the first time, dendron based systems have been utilized for efficient oil spill recovery. Furthermore, the hydrophobic nature of the compound has been exploited to make self-cleaning surfaces with anti-wetting properties. More importantly, the visco-elastic property of the gel enables us to develop a gel based ink from the compound, which can be read under UV-light. PMID:26553102

  18. Ligand-free Pd-catalyzed and copper-assisted C-H arylation of quinazolin-4-ones with aryl iodides under microwave heating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laclef, Sylvain; Harari, Marine; Godeau, Julien; Schmitz-Afonso, Isabelle; Bischoff, Laurent; Hoarau, Christophe; Levacher, Vincent; Fruit, Corinne; Besson, Thierry

    2015-04-01

    A microwave-assisted method for the palladium-catalyzed direct arylation of quinazolin-4-one has been developed under copper-assistance. This method is applicable to a wide range of aryl iodides and substituted (2H)-quinazolin-4-ones. This protocol provides a simple and efficient way to synthesize biologically relevant 2-arylquinazolin-4-one backbones. PMID:25781369

  19. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of N-substituted-?-amino acid derivatives containing 2-hydroxyphenyl, benzo[b]phenoxazine and quinoxaline moieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickevi?ien?, Kristina; Baranauskait?, R?ta; Kantminien?, Kristina; Stasevych, Maryna; Komarovska-Porokhnyavets, Olena; Novikov, Volodymyr

    2015-01-01

    3-[(2-Hydroxyphenyl)amino]butanoic and 3-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl(chloro)phenyl)amino]butanoic acids were converted to a series of derivatives containing hydrazide, pyrrole and chloroquinoxaline moieties. The corresponding benzo[b]phenoxazine derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of the obtained compounds with 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone. Five of the synthesized compounds exhibited good antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium luteum, whereas three compounds showed significant antifungal activity against Candida tenuis and Aspergillus niger. PMID:25689642

  20. Curcumin-inspired cytotoxic 3,5-bis(arylmethylene)-1-(N-(ortho-substituted aryl)maleamoyl)-4-piperidones: A novel group of topoisomerase II alpha inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Amitabh; Duffield, Katherine M; Ness, Matthew R; Ravoori, Sujatha; Andrews, Gabrielle; Bhullar, Khushwant S; Rupasinghe, H P Vasantha; Balzarini, Jan

    2015-10-01

    Three series of novel 3,5-bis(arylmethylene)-1-(N-(ortho-substituted aryl)maleamoyl)-4-piperidones, designed as simplified analogs of curcumin with maleic diamide tether, were synthesized and bioevaluated. These compounds displayed potent cytotoxicity towards human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes as well as murine L1210 leukemic cells. In contrast, the related N-arylmaleamic acids possessed little or no cytotoxicity in these three screens. Design of these compounds was based on molecular modeling studies performed on a related series of molecule in a previous study. Representative title compounds were found to be significantly potent in inhibiting the activity of topoisomerase II alpha indicating the possible mode of action of these compounds. These compounds were also potent antioxidants in vitro and attenuated the AAPH triggered peroxyl radical production in human fibroblasts. Various members of these series were also well tolerated in both in vitro and in vivo toxicity analysis. PMID:26456623

  1. Potential of aryl-urea-benzofuranylthiazoles hybrids as multitasking agents in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Belma Zengin; Gazioglu, Isil; Basile, Livia; Sonmez, Fatih; Ginex, Tiziana; Kucukislamoglu, Mustafa; Guccione, Salvatore

    2015-09-18

    New benzofuranylthiazole derivatives containing the aryl-urea moiety were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as dual acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibitors. In addition, the cupric reducing antioxidant capacities (CUPRAC) and ABTS cation radical scavenging abilities of the synthesized compounds were assayed. The result showed that all the synthesized compounds exhibited inhibitory activity on both AChE and BuChE with 1-(4-(5-bromobenzofuran-2-yl)thiazol-2-yl)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)urea (e25, IC50 value of 3.85 ?M) and 1-(4-iodophenyl)-3-(4-(5-nitrobenzofuran-2-yl)thiazol-2-yl)urea (e38, IC50 value of 2.03 ?M) as the strongest inhibitors against AChE and BuChE, respectively. Compound e38 was 8.5-fold more potent than galanthamine. The selectivity index of e25 and e38 was 2.40 and 0.37 against AChE and BuChE, respectively. Compound e2, e4 and e11 (IC50 = 0.2, 0.5 and 1.13 ?M, respectively) showed a better ABTS cation radical scavenging ability than the standard quercetin (IC50 = 1.18 ?M). Best poses of compounds e38 on BuChE and e25 on AChE indicate that the thiazole ring and the amidic moiety are important sites of interaction with both ChEs. In addition, the benzofuran ring and phenyl ring are anchored to the side chains of both enzymes by ?-?(pi-pi) interactions. PMID:26244990

  2. Oxidative addition of aryl chlorides to monoligated palladium(0): A DFT-SCRF study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlquist, Mårten Sten Gösta; Norrby, Per-Ola

    2007-01-01

    Oxidative addition of aryl chlorides to palladium has been investigated by hybrid density functional theory methods (B3LYP), including a continuum model describing the solvent implicitly. A series of para-substituted aryl chlorides were studied to see the influence of electronic effects on the reaction. It was found that the experimentally observed higher reactivity of the more electron deficient aryl chlorides is due to their ability to accept back-donation from Pd-0 and form reasonably strong ...

  3. Divergent Reaction Pathways for Phenol Arylation by Arynes: Synthesis of Helicenes and 2-Arylphenols

    OpenAIRE

    Truong, Thanh; Daugulis, Olafs

    2012-01-01

    Two reactions of phenols with arynes have been developed. If LiTMP base is employed, arynes generated from aryl chlorides react with phenols to form helicenes. o-Arylation of phenols can be achieved by employing tBuONa base in the presence of AgOAc. Direct arylation of binol was achieved leading to the shortest pathway to o,o’-diarylbinols.

  4. Preparation and characterization of aryl-substituted polysilsesquioxanes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, D.A.; Loy, D.A.; Baugher, B.M.; Wheeler, D.R.; Assink, R.A.; Alam, T.M.; Saunders, R.

    1998-09-01

    Polymerizations of aryltrialkoxysilanes generally afford soluble oligomeric or polymeric aryl-substituted silsesquioxanes. This is in spite of being based on trifunctional precursors capable of forming highly crosslinked and insoluble network polymers. In this study, soluble phenyl, benzyl, and phenethyl-substituted silsesquioxane oligomers and polymers were prepared by hydrolyzing their respective triethoxysilyl precursor with water or aqueous acid. Additional samples of the polymers were prepared by heating the materials at 100 C or 200 C under vacuum in order to drive the condensation chemistry. One sample of polybenzylsilsesquioxane was heated at 200 C with catalytic NaOH. The resulting materials were characterized using solution {sup 1}H, {sup 13}C, and {sup 29}Si NMR spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, and differential scanning calorimetry. Of particular interest was the effect of the aryl substituent, and processing conditions on the molecular weight and glass transition temperatures of the polysilsesquioxanes.

  5. Aryl-BIAN-ligated silver(i) trifluoromethoxide complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shouxiong; Huang, Yangjie; Fang, Xin; Li, Haohong; Zhang, Zhongxing; Hor, T S Andy; Weng, Zhiqiang

    2015-12-01

    A reaction of acetonitrile-solvated AgOCF3 with 1 equiv. of Aryl-BIAN ligand in THF at room-temperature afforded the silver(i) complex (Aryl-BIAN)AgOCF3 (1) in 75% yield. The crystal structure of this silver(i) trifluoromethoxide was determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The molecular structure of 1 shows the metal centre bound to one molecule of BIAN, one trifluoromethoxide and one THF solvate, resulting in a distorted tetrahedral silver. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations and the natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis were conducted to give insights into the electronic structure of 1 and the bonding characters of the OCF3 group. The reactivity of 1 towards trifluoromethoxylation of organic halides was also examined; a reaction with benzyl bromides gave the desired products of benzyl trifluoromethyl ethers in good to excellent yields. PMID:26144841

  6. Synthesis and characterization of 5-heteroarylsulfanyl-4-aryl-1,2,3-selena/thiadiazoles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ramaiyan Manikannan; Masilamani Shanmugaraja; Seetharaman Manojveer; Shanmugam Muthusubramanian

    2012-03-01

    Synthesis and spectral characterization of 2-methyl-5-[(4-aryl-1,2,3-selenadiazol-5-yl)sulfanyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazoles, 5-[4-aryl-1,2,3-selenadiazol-5-yl]sulfanyl-1-phenyl-1-1,2,3,4-tetraazoles, 4-aryl-5-[(5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)sulfanyl]-1,2,3-thiadiazole and 5-[4-aryl-1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl]sulfanyl-1-phenyl-1-1,2,3,4-tetraazole have been reported.

  7. NRF2 Modulates Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Signaling: Influence on Adipogenesis? †

    OpenAIRE

    Shin, Soona; Wakabayashi, Nobunao; Misra, Vikas; Biswal, Shyam; Lee, Gum Hwa; Agoston, Elin S.; YAMAMOTO, Masayuki; Kensler, Thomas W

    2007-01-01

    The NF-E2 p45-related factor 2 (NRF2) and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) are transcription factors controlling pathways modulating xenobiotic metabolism. AHR has recently been shown to affect Nrf2 expression. Conversely, this study demonstrates that NRF2 regulates expression of Ahr and subsequently modulates several downstream events of the AHR signaling cascade, including (i) transcriptional control of the xenobiotic metabolism genes Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1 and (ii) inhibition of adipogenesis...

  8. Persistent Binding of Ligands to the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor

    OpenAIRE

    Bohonowych, Jessica E.; Denison, Michael S

    2007-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates many of the biological and toxic effects of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and other structurally diverse ligands. While HAHs are several orders of magnitude more potent in producing AhR-dependent biochemical effects than PAHs or other AhR agonists, only the HAHs have been observed to produce AhR-dependent toxicity in vivo. Here we have characterized...

  9. A three-component synthesis of aryl(heteroaryl)acylamides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loska, Rafa?; Bukowska, Patrycja

    2015-09-23

    A three-component reaction of azole or azine N-oxides, 1,1-difluorostyrenes and amines gives amides of ?-aryl-?-heteroarylacetic or propionic acids. The key step is 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between N-oxide and difluorostyrene leading to the acyl fluoride intermediate, which has been identified and characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The whole process is an example of selective functionalization of C-H bonds in both 5- and 6-membered heterocyclic systems. PMID:26288176

  10. Copper Mediated Difluoromethylation of Aryl and Vinyl Iodides

    OpenAIRE

    Fier, Patrick S.; Hartwig, John. F.

    2012-01-01

    Selectively fluorinated molecules are important as materials, pharmaceuticals, and agrochemicals, but their synthesis by simple, mild, laboratory methods is challenging. We report a straightforward method for the cross-coupling of a difluoromethyl group with readily available reagents to form difluoromethylarenes. The reaction of electron-neutral, electron-rich, and sterically hindered aryl and vinyl iodides with the combination of CuI, CsF and TMSCF2H leads to the formation of difluoromethyl...

  11. Ginsenosides Are Novel Naturally-Occurring Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Ligands

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Qin; He, Guochun; Zhao, Jing; Soshilov, Anatoly; Denison, Michael S; Zhang, Aiqian; Yin, Huijun; Fraccalvieri, Domenico; BONATI, LAURA; Xie, Qunhui; Bin ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor that mediates many of the biological and toxicological actions of structurally diverse chemicals. In this study, we examined the ability of a series of ginsenosides extracted from ginseng, a traditional Chinese medicine, to bind to and activate/inhibit the AHR and AHR signal transduction. Utilizing a combination of ligand and DNA binding assays, molecular docking and reporter gene analysis, we demonstrated the abil...

  12. Photoredox Activation for the Direct ?-Arylation of Ketones and Aldehydes

    OpenAIRE

    Pirnot, Michael T.; Rankic, Danica A.; Martin, David B. C.; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2013-01-01

    The direct ?-activation of saturated aldehydes and ketones has long been an elusive transformation. We found that photoredox catalysis in combination with organocatalysis can lead to the transient generation of 5?-electron ?-enaminyl radicals from ketones and aldehydes that rapidly couple with cyano-substituted aryl rings at the carbonyl ?-position. This mode of activation is suitable for a broad range of carbonyl ?-functionalization reactions and is amenable to enantioselective catalysis.

  13. Synthesis of 3-Aryl Coumarin Derivatives Using Ultrasound

    OpenAIRE

    Kandasamy Logeeswari; Shubashini Krishnan Sripathi

    2013-01-01

    Coumarins occupy an important place in the realm of natural products and synthetic organic chemistry. A fast and highly efficient green method for synthesizing 3-aryl coumarin derivatives from salicylaldehyde and phenyl acetyl chloride in the presence of tetrahydrofuran and K2CO3 using ultrasound irradiation is reported. Ultrasound assisted reactions have resulted in better yields and faster reaction time of the desired products than when prepared under conventional conditions. The resulting...

  14. Bioelectrochemical investigations of aryl-alcohol oxidase from Pleurotus eryngii

    OpenAIRE

    Munteanu, Florentina-Daniela; Ferreira, Patrícia; Ruiz-Duenas, Francisco J.; Martínez, Angel T.; Paulo, Artur Cavaco

    2008-01-01

    Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO) electrochemistry studies, using graphite-modified electrodes, are presented for the first time herein. The increase in current upon injection of the analyzed substrate was shown to be approximated by Michaelis–Menten type dependence. The calculated kinetic constants were used to characterize the native (non-mutated) recombinant AAO expressed in Escherichia coli, as well as the native enzyme and the F501Y and F501A variants expressed in Emericella nidulans. Results f...

  15. Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of New 1,2- and 1,4-Bis(N' -Substituted Thioureido)benzene Derivatives

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aamer, Saeed; Naeem, Abbas; Zaman, Ashraf; Michael, Bolte.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Synthesis of two series of 1,2- and 1,4-bis(thioureido)benzene derivatives was accomplished by the treatment of corresponding alkanoyl/aroyl chlorides with potassium thiocyanate in dry acetone to afford the respective isothiocyanates as intermediates. The latter were treated in situ with 1,2- and 1, [...] 4-diaminobenzene, respectively, to afford the title compounds in high yields. A total of sixteen new compounds are reported herein. The structures of the products were confirmed by spectroscopic techniques (IR, ¹H and 13C NMR, mass spectrometry), elemental analysis and in case of 1d, by X-ray diffraction technique. All the synthesized compounds were also subjected to antibacterial bioevaluation against ten different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains using levofloxacin as the standard drug and were shown to possess promising activities.

  16. MICROWAVE ASSISTED SYNTHESIS OF 6-BENZOYL-5-METHYL-2-[(Z)-1-ARYL METHYLIDENE]-2,3-DIHYDROFURO [3’,2’ :4,5] BENZO[b] FURAN-3-ONES AND THEIR ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY Mikrowellen unterstützte Synthese von 6-Benzoyl-5-METHYL-2-[(Z)-1-ARYL Methyliden] -2,3-DIHYDROFURO [3", 2": 4,5] benzo [b] furan-3-one und Ihre antibakterielle Aktivität

    OpenAIRE

    Ashok D, Sudershan K and Khalilullah M

    2011-01-01

    A series of 6-Benzoyl-5-methyl-2-[(Z)-1-arylmethylidene]-2,3-dihydrofuro[3’,2’:4,5] benzo[b]furan-3-ones have been prepared by an efficient oxidation of (E)-1-(2-Benzoyl- 6-hydroxy-3-methyl benzo[b] furan-5-yl)-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones with cupric bromide or mercuric acetate under microwave irradiation. The structures of newly synthesized compounds have been established on the basis of elemental analysis, IR, 1H-NMR,13 C-NMR and mass spectral data. All the compounds were screened for their anti...

  17. Synthesis and antileishmanial activity of new 1-aryl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboximidamides derivatives

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maurício S. dos, Santos; Adriana O, Gomes; Alice M. R, Bernardino; Marcos C. de, Souza; Misbahul A, Khan; Monique A. de, Brito; Helena C, Castro; Paula A, Abreu; Carlos R, Rodrigues; Rosa M. M. de, Léo; Leonor L, Leon; Marilene M, Canto-Cavalheiro.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A quimioterapia para as leishmanioses, doenças causadas por protozoários do gênero Leishmania, ainda permanece ineficiente em diversos tratamentos. Portanto, existe a necessidade de pesquisa por novos fármacos. Nesse trabalho, foram sintetizados derivados 1-aril-1H-pirazol-4-carboximidamidas, avalia [...] das as atividades leishmanicida e os efeitos citotóxicos in vitro, e realizado um estudo de relação estrutura-atividade (REA) com a série de compostos. O composto 2 apresentou um perfil de atividade que pode ser melhorado através de estratégias de modificação molecular da química medicinal. Abstract in english Chemotherapy for leishmaniasis, diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania, remains inefficient in several treatments. So there is a need to search for new drugs. In this work, we have synthesized 1-aryl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboximidamides derivatives and evaluated antileishmanial activities in [...] vitro, as well as cytotoxic effects. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies were carried out with all the compounds of the series. Compound 2 showed an activity profile that can be improved through medicinal chemistry strategies.

  18. Synthesis of 1-Aryl-3-phenethylamino-1-propanone Hydrochlorides as Possible Potent Cytotoxic Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavit Kazaz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available 1-Aryl-3-phenethylamino-1-propanone hydrochlorides 1-10, which are potentialpotent cytotoxic agents, were synthesized via Mannich reactions using paraformaldehyde,phenethylamine hydrochloride as the amine component and acetophenone, 4’-methyl-, 4’-methoxy-, 4’-chloro-, 4’-fluoro-, 4’-bromo-, 2’,4’-dichloro-, 4’-nitro-, 4’-hydroxyacetophenone or 2-acetylthiophene as the ketone component. Yields were in the87-98 % range. Of the compounds synthesized, compounds 2, 6-8 and 10 were new. Theoptimum reaction conditions were investigated by changing the mol ratios of the reactants,the solvents and the acidity levels using 1 and 10 as representative targets. It was observedthat the best mol ratio of the ketone, paraformaldehyde and phenethylamine hydrochloridewas 1:1.2:1 (compared with a 2:2.1 ratio, and the most suitable reaction medium wasethanol containing concentrated hydrochloric acid (compared with only ethanol or nosolvent. This study may serve as a guide for the conditions of the reactions to synthesizecompounds having similar chemical structures.

  19. Microwave Assisted Condensation Reactions of 2-Aryl Hydrazonopropanals with Nucleophilic Reagents and Dimethyl Acetylenedicarboxylate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita M. Borik

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The reaction of methyl ketones 1a-g with dimethylformamide dimethylacetal (DMFDMA afforded the enaminones 2a-g, which were coupled with diazotized aromatic amines 3a,b to give the corresponding aryl hydrazones 6a-h. Condensation of compounds 6a-h with some aromatic heterocyclic amines afforded iminoarylhydrazones 9a-m. Enaminoazo compounds 12a,b could be obtained from condensation of 6c with secondary amines. The reaction of 6e,h with benzotriazolylacetone yielded 14a,b. Also, the reaction of 6a,b,d-f,h with glycine and hippuric acid in acetic anhydride afforded pyridazinone derivatives 17a-f. Synthesis of pyridazine carboxylic acid derivatives 22a,b from the reaction of 6b,e with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD in the presence of triphenylphosphine at room temperature is also reported. Most of these reactions were conducted under irradiation in a microwave oven in the absence of solvent in an attempt to improve the product yields and to reduce the reaction times.

  20. New Synthesis and Antiparasitic Activity of Model 5-Aryl-1-methyl-4-nitroimidazoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa M. El-Abadelah

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A number of 5-aryl-1-methyl-4-nitroimidazoles 5a-f have been synthesized in good yields by the Suzuki coupling reaction between 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitroimidazole (3 and arylboronic acids 4a-f, aided by dichlorobis-(triphenylphosphinepalladium(II, K2CO3, and tetrabutylammonium bromide in water at 70-80 °C. Compounds 5a-f were characterized by elemental analysis, NMR and MS spectral data. On the basis of in vitro screening data, 5-(3-chlorophenyl-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-imidazole (5fexhibited potent lethal activity against Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia intestinalis with IC50 = 1.47 µM/mL, a value lower by a factor of two than that of the standard drug, metronidazole. The boosted activity of 5f was not accompanied by any increased cytotoxicity.The rest of the series also exhibited potent antiparasitic activity with IC50 valuesin the 1.72-4.43 µM/mL range. The cytotoxicity of the derivatives 5c and 5e was increased compared to the precursor compound, metronidazole, although they remain non-cytotoxic at concentrations much higher than the antiparasitic concentration of the two derivatives.

  1. Catalytic Enantioselective Synthesis of N,C(?),C(?)-Trisubstituted ?-Amino Acid Derivatives Using 1H-Imidazol-4(5H)-ones as Key Templates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etxabe, Julen; Izquierdo, Joseba; Landa, Aitor; Oiarbide, Mikel; Palomo, Claudio

    2015-06-01

    1H-Imidazol-4(5H)-ones are introduced as novel nucleophilic ?-amino acid equivalents in asymmetric synthesis. These compounds not only allow highly efficient construction of tetrasubstituted stereogenic centers, but unlike hitherto known templates, provide direct access to N-substituted (alkyl, allyl, aryl) ?-amino acid derivatives. PMID:25907987

  2. MORPHOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS CAUSED BY ARYL ALIPHATIC AMINOALCOHOL DERIVATIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dronova M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Increasing of antimicrobial resistance has created a critical need of the novel antimicrobial agents. One of the promising chemical classes for its development are aryl aliphatic aminoalcohols. New compounds of this class were synthesized at the Institute of organic chemistry (Kiev, Ukraine, by Y. Korotkiy. After the screening studies compound KVM-194 was selected as the potent antistaphylococcal agent. The aim of the study was to examine ultrastructural changes in the bacterial cells under the influence of the compound KVM-194. Materials and methods. Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 was used in all experiments. The minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by serial macrodilution method in Mueller-Hinton broth. Bacteria were exposed to the 0,5 MIC and 5 MICs of the KVM- 194 for 1 h and 24 h. Ultrastructure of intact and treated Staphylococcus aureus cells was examined by transmission electron microscopy after contrasting by osmium tetraoxide and lead citrate. Results and Discussion. The compound KVM-194 possesses a distinct antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, the minimum inhibitory concentration is 1.25 ?g/ml. We found that exposure to KVM-194 at a subinhibitory concentration resulted in alterations of the cell morphology even after 1 h of treatment. The roughness of the cell surface and emerging of the intracellular particles of different electron density were observed. Increase of the incubation time to 24 h led to detachment of membrane from cytoplasm, multimembrane structures within cells emergence and formation of nonpolar septum. 1 h exposition to suprainhibitory concentration of KVM-194 resulted in nucleoid fragmentation, septum abnormalities and necrosis of some cells. We found that increasing of the incubation period to 24 h led to exacerbation of alterations: cell wall rupture, leakage of cytoplasm and a large number of lysed cells were registered. Conclusion. Observed alterations, suggest the possible mechanism of action of KVM-194, due to its influence on the cell membrane and intracellular processes.

  3. Insight into technetium amidoxime complex: oxo technetium(V) complex of N-substituted benzamidoxime as new basic structure for molecular imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thipyapong, Khajadpai; Uehara, Tomoya; Tooyama, Yuji; Braband, Henrik; Alberto, Roger; Arano, Yasushi

    2011-02-01

    In search of benzamidoxime (BHam) derivatives that provide a single (99m)Tc-labeled compound of high in vivo stability, we synthesized three N-alkyl compounds of benzamidoxime (BHam) ligand. They provided a single (99m)Tc-labeled compound by ligand exchange reaction of (99m)Tc-glucoheptonate in high radiochemical yields (over 95% at MBHam concentration of 1 × 10(-5) M). (99m)Tc-N-methyl benzamidoxime ((99m)Tc-MBHam) showed higher stability than the parental (99m)Tc-BHam. The complex of this compound with (99g)TcO(3+) ion was prepared, isolated, and characterized by FT-IR and NMR spectra as well as X-ray diffraction. (99g)Tc-MBHam crystallized in an orthorhombic space group Pna2(1) with a = 13.4823(5), b = 15.5410(7), c = 7.7907(3) Å, V = 1632.39(11) Å(3), and Z = 4. The (99g)Tc complex possessed square base pyramid coordination geometry. The equatorial plane was formed by two-amine nitrogen and two-oxime oxygen atoms in trans position, while the oxo core of the technetium(V) occupied the apical position. The (99g)Tc-MBHam proved to be identical with the (99m)Tc-MBHam prepared at the no-carrier-added level by comparison of their HPLC profiles. PMID:21226472

  4. Design, Synthesis and in vivo Evaluation of Novel C-Aryl Glucosides as Potent Sodium-Dependent Glucose Cotransporters Inhibitors for the Treatment of Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng; Wang, Xuekun; Xu, Xue; Qiu, Qianqian; Jiao, Lei; Huang, Wenlong; Qian, Hai

    2015-10-01

    A series of novel C-aryl glucosides with substituents at the 3'-position or cyclization at 3', 4'-positions of the distal aryl ring were designed and synthesized, which might decrease the oxidative metabolism of dapagliflozin. Preliminary evaluation for hypoglycemic effect and the risk of hypoglycemia were carried out both in normal and in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Among the synthesized compounds, compound 19a exerted potency-similarity with dapagliflozin and triggered the hypoglycemic effect in a dose-dependent manner. Besides, compound 19a, even at the high dose of 10 mg/kg, revealed a low risk of hypoglycemia. In further studies, 19a exhibited sustained antihyperglycemic effect without particular side-effects in 30-day chronic diabetic mice studies. Moreover, histological changes in the pancreas of diabetic mice indicated 19a might protect pancreatic ?-cell from apoptosis by reducing the damage of glucotoxicity. All of these results demonstrated that compound 19a, with excellent in vivo pharmacological activity and safety profile, was considered to be a promising drug candidate for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID:25732240

  5. Oxidation of Ni(II) to Ni(IV) with Aryl Electrophiles Enables Ni-Mediated Aryl-CF3 Coupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bour, James R; Camasso, Nicole M; Sanford, Melanie S

    2015-07-01

    This communication describes the synthesis and reactivity of Ni(IV)(aryl)(CF3)2 complexes supported by trispyrazolylborate and 4,4'-di-tert-butylbipyridine ligands. We demonstrate that isolable Ni(IV) complexes can be accessed under mild conditions via the oxidation of Ni(II) precursors with S-(trifluoromethyl)dibenzothiophenium triflate as well as with diaryliodonium and aryl diazonium reagents. The Ni(IV) intermediates undergo high yielding aryl-CF3 bond-forming reductive elimination. These studies support the potential viability of Ni(IV) intermediates in nickel-catalyzed coupling reactions involving diaryliodonium and aryldiazonium electrophiles. PMID:26079544

  6. Heteroannulation of arynes with N-aryl-?-aminoketones for the synthesis of unsymmetrical N-aryl-2,3-disubstituted indoles: an aryne twist of Bischler-Möhlau indole synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunescu, Ala; Piemontesi, Cyril; Wang, Qian; Zhu, Jieping

    2013-11-11

    Reaction of 2-(trimethylsilyl)aryl triflates 1 with N-aryl-?-amino ketones 2 afforded N-aryl-2,3-disubstituted indoles in good to excellent yields with complete control of the substitution patterns. This methodology allowed for the first time a one-step synthesis of unsymmetrical 2,3-dialkyl substituted indoles in a regiospecific manner. PMID:24061550

  7. Molecular and crystal structures of some novel derivatives of 3-aryl-7-arylidene-3,3a,4,5,6,7-hexahydroindazoles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stereochemical aspects of the interaction of 2,6-bis(arylidene)-cyclohexanone and 2,6-bis(arylidene)-3-methylcyclohexanone with arylhydrazine (aryl is phenyl or 4-nitrophenyl) and methylhydrazine are investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis. The molecular structure of the 3-aryl-7-arylidene-3,3a,4,5,6,7-hexahydroindazoles synthesized is determined by X-ray diffraction analysis for the first time. It is established that the stereochemistry of the products of the interaction between the cyclohexanone derivatives and arylhydrazines depends on the electronic nature of the substituent in the aryl group. Two regioisomeric products with different positions of the methyl group in the cyclohexane ring with respect to the arylidene fragment are synthesized by the reaction of 2,6-bis(4-methoxybenzylidene)-3-methylcyclohexanone with methylhydrazine. The influence of the substituents at the nitrogen atom of the pyrazoline ring on the intramolecular electronic interactions and the geometry of the heterocycle in the compounds under investigation is discussed

  8. Molecular and crystal structures of some novel derivatives of 3-aryl-7-arylidene-3,3 a,4,5,6,7-hexahydroindazoles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abakumov, V. V.; Shishkina, S. V.; Zubatyuk, R. I.; Gella, I. M.; Pivnenko, N. S.; Kutulya, L. A.; Shishkin, O. V.

    2007-03-01

    The stereochemical aspects of the interaction of 2,6-bis(arylidene)-cyclohexanone and 2,6-bis(arylidene)-3-methylcyclohexanone with arylhydrazine (aryl is phenyl or 4-nitrophenyl) and methylhydrazine are investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis. The molecular structure of the 3-aryl-7-arylidene-3,3 a,4,5,6,7-hexahydroindazoles synthesized is determined by X-ray diffraction analysis for the first time. It is established that the stereochemistry of the products of the interaction between the cyclohexanone derivatives and arylhydrazines depends on the electronic nature of the substituent in the aryl group. Two regioisomeric products with different positions of the methyl group in the cyclohexane ring with respect to the arylidene fragment are synthesized by the reaction of 2,6-bis(4-methoxybenzylidene)-3-methylcyclohexanone with methylhydrazine. The influence of the substituents at the nitrogen atom of the pyrazoline ring on the intramolecular electronic interactions and the geometry of the heterocycle in the compounds under investigation is discussed.

  9. Mechanistic Study of the Acid Degradation of Lignin Model Compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sturgeon, M.; Kim, S.; Chmely, S. C.; Foust, T. D.; Beckham, G. T.

    2012-01-01

    Lignin is a major constituent of biomass, which remains underutilized in selective biomass conversion strategies to renewable fuels and chemicals. Here we are interested in understanding the mechanisms related to the acid deconstruction of lignin with a combined theoretical and experimental approach. Two model dimers with a b-O-4 aryl ether linkage (2-phenoxy-1-phenethanol and 2-phenoxy-1-phenyl-1,3 propanediol) and model dimmers with an a-O-4 aryl ether linkage were synthesized and deconstructed in H2SO4. The major products of the acidolysis of the b-O-4 compounds consisted of phenol and two aldehydes, phenylacetaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Quantum mechanical calculations were employed to elucidate possible deconstruction mechanisms with transition state theory. To confirm proposed mechanisms several possible intermediates were studied under similar acidolysis conditions. Although the resonance time for cleavage was on the order several hours, we have shown that the cleavage of the aryl ether linkage affords phenol and aldehydes. We would next like to utilize our mechanism of aryl ether cleavage in actual lignin.

  10. Symmetric diarylsulfoxides as asymmetric sulfinylating reagents for dialkylmagnesium compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruppenthal, Simon; Brückner, Reinhard

    2015-01-16

    At ?78 °C, primary dialkylmagnesium compounds reacted with diarylsulfoxides when 1.5 equiv of the dilithium salt of (S)-BINOL was added as a promotor. Alkyl aryl sulfoxides resulted in up to quantitative yield and with up to 97% ee. This demonstrates the feasibility of asymmetric sulfinylations by achiral sulfinylating agents (from the perspective of Alkyl2Mg) as well as the feasibility of asymmetric sulfoxide–magnesium exchanges (from the perspective of Ar2SO). PMID:25553340

  11. Evaluation of sensitizers found in wastewater from paper recycling areas, and their activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terasaki, Masanori; Yasuda, Michiko; Shimoi, Kayoko; Jozuka, Kazuhiko; Makino, Masakazu; Shiraishi, Fujio; Nakajima, Daisuke

    2014-09-15

    The in vitro potential of sensitizers and related compounds (SRCs) originating from impurities in waste paper in activating the human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ? was assessed using yeast reporter gene as well as cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A1 and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) assays. In the yeast assay, eight compounds exhibited agonist activity, and their activity relative to ?-naphthoflavone (BNF) ranged from 1.4 × 10(-4) to 8.3 × 10(-2), with the highest activity observed for benzyl 2-naphthyl ether (BNE). In the EROD assay, six compounds caused a more significant induction of CYP1A-dependent activity than did the vehicle control at 50 ?M (pflorisil cartridge. In gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, SRCs were detected in the first fraction, at a total concentration of 5.5 ?g/L. This fraction also activated AhR, and its activity, expressed as a BNF equivalent value, was 0.42 nM in the yeast assay. The contribution ratio of active compounds accounted for up to 34% and 4.4% observed activity of the fraction and total samples, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that paper industry-related compounds, namely aromatic sensitizers, activate AhR by using a yeast assay and HepG2 cells. PMID:24950494

  12. 1-Aryl-5-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide: an effective scaffold for the design of either CB1 or CB2 receptor ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piscitelli, Francesco; Ligresti, Alessia; La Regina, Giuseppe; Gatti, Valerio; Brizzi, Antonella; Pasquini, Serena; Allarà, Marco; Carai, Mauro Antonio Maria; Novellino, Ettore; Colombo, Giancarlo; Di Marzo, Vincenzo; Corelli, Federico; Silvestri, Romano

    2011-11-01

    New 1-aryl-5-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamides were synthesized as cannabinoid (CB) receptor ligands. Compound 11 (CB(1)K(i) = 2.3 nM, CB(1) SI = 163.6) showed CB(1) receptor affinity and selectivity superior to Rimonabant and AM251. Acute administration of 2mg/kg 11 reduced sucrose, but not regular food, intake in rats. On the other hand, compound 23 (CB(2)K(i) = 0.51 nM, CB(2) SI = 30.0) showed significant affinity and selectivity for the CB(2) receptor. The results presented here show that the 1-aryl-5-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide may serve as an effective scaffold for the design of either CB(1) or CB(2) receptor ligands. PMID:21996466

  13. Synthesis and in vitro antibacterial activity of N-methylnitrone and nitrovinyl derivatives of some N-substituted 2-chloroindol-3-carboxaldehydes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gatti, R.; Cavrini, V.; Roveri, P.; Bianucci, F.; Legnani, P.

    1981-02-01

    N-methylnitrones and nitrovinyl derivatives from 1-substituted-2-chloroindol-3-carboxaldehydes were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antibacterial activity. Some nitrovinyl derivatives displayed good in vitro activity against Gram-positive bacteria; the compound (II e), 1-(o-chlorobenzyl)-2-chloro-3-(2-nitroethenyl)indole, was more active than nitrofurantoin against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. Some structure-activity relationships are discussed.

  14. Copper-catalyzed aerobic oxidative synthesis of aryl nitriles from benzylic alcohols and aqueous ammonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Chuanzhou; Liu, Feng; Zhu, Youmin; Liu, Weiwei; Cao, Zhiling

    2013-05-28

    Copper-catalyzed direct conversion of benzylic alcohols to aryl nitriles was realized using NH3(aq.) as the nitrogen source, O2 as the oxidant and TEMPO as the co-catalyst. Furthermore, copper-catalyzed one-pot synthesis of primary aryl amides from alcohols was also achieved. PMID:23563148

  15. Efficient synthesis of 5-substituted 2-aryl-6-cyanoindolizines via nucleophilic substitution reactions

    OpenAIRE

    Vasilevich Natalya I; Babaev Eugene V; Ivushkina Anna S

    2005-01-01

    Abstract 2-Aryl-6-cyano-7-methyl-5-indolizinones were successfully converted into 2-aryl-5-chloro-6-cyano-7-methylindolizines. The obtained 5-chloroindolizines readily underwent nucleophilic substitution at position 5 leading in high yields to novel 5-functionalised indolizines.

  16. A convenient method for the synthesis of radioactively labelled aryl glycosides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fluoride-directed methylation of the aryl hydroxyl of hydroxyphenyl glycosides with radioactive methyl iodide allows the incorporation of labels under mild conditions that preserve the glycosidic link. The effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated by the synthesis of two 14C-labelled aryl ?-glycosides. (Author)

  17. New chemical cross-coupling between aryl halides and allylic acetates using a cobalt catalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Paulo; Gosmini, Corinne; Périchon, Jacques

    2003-04-01

    [reaction: see text] The cobalt-catalyzed coupling reaction of aromatic halides and allylic acetates proceeds readily under mild conditions in the presence of the appropriate reducing agent to produce allylaromatic derivatives either in pure acetonitrile (aryl bromides) or in an acetonitrile/pyridine mixture (aryl chlorides). PMID:12659569

  18. Cobalt-catalyzed preparation of arylindium reagents from aryl and heteroaryl bromides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adak, Laksmikanta; Yoshikai, Naohiko

    2011-09-16

    A cobalt-bathophenanthroline catalyst has been developed for the direct preparation of a variety of arylindium reagents from the corresponding aryl and heteroaryl bromides in the presence of indium metal and lithium chloride. The thus-formed arylindium reagents undergo efficient palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with aryl iodides, tolerating various functional groups including hydroxy and free amino groups. PMID:21838263

  19. Base-Mediated Intermolecular sp2 C-H Bond Arylation via Benzyne Intermediates

    OpenAIRE

    Truong, Thanh; Daugulis, Olafs

    2011-01-01

    A transition-metal-free method for arylation of heterocycle and arene carbon-hydrogen bonds by aryl chlorides and fluorides has been developed. The reactions proceed via aryne intermediates and are highly regioselective with respect to the C-H bond coupling component.

  20. Visible-light-mediated chan-lam coupling reactions of aryl boronic acids and aniline derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Woo-Jin; Tsukamoto, Tatsuhiro; Kobayashi, Sh?

    2015-05-26

    The copper(II)-catalyzed aerobic oxidative coupling reaction between aryl boronic acids and aniline derivatives was found to be improved significantly under visible-light-mediated photoredox catalysis. The substrate scope of this oxidative Chan-Lam reaction was thus expanded to include electron-deficient aryl boronic acids as viable starting materials. PMID:25873290

  1. N-Substituted Quinolinonyl Diketo Acid Derivatives as HIV Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors and Their Activity against RNase H Function of Reverse Transcriptase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pescatori, Luca; Métifiot, Mathieu; Chung, Suhman; Masoaka, Takashi; Cuzzucoli Crucitti, Giuliana; Messore, Antonella; Pupo, Giovanni; Madia, Valentina Noemi; Saccoliti, Francesco; Scipione, Luigi; Tortorella, Silvano; Di Leva, Francesco Saverio; Cosconati, Sandro; Marinelli, Luciana; Novellino, Ettore; Le Grice, Stuart F J; Pommier, Yves; Marchand, Christophe; Costi, Roberta; Di Santo, Roberto

    2015-06-11

    Bifunctional quinolinonyl DKA derivatives were first described as nonselective inhibitors of 3'-processing (3'-P) and strand transfer (ST) functions of HIV-1 integrase (IN), while 7-aminosubstituted quinolinonyl derivatives were proven IN strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) that also displayed activity against ribonuclease H (RNase H). In this study, we describe the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of new quinolinonyl diketo acid (DKA) derivatives characterized by variously substituted alkylating groups on the nitrogen atom of the quinolinone ring. Removal of the second DKA branch of bifunctional DKAs, and the amino group in position 7 of quinolinone ring combined with a fine-tuning of the substituents on the benzyl group in position 1 of the quinolinone, increased selectivity for IN ST activity. In vitro, the most potent compound was 11j (IC50 = 10 nM), while the most active compounds against HIV infected cells were ester derivatives 10j and 10l. In general, the activity against RNase H was negligible, with only a few compounds active at concentrations higher than 10 ?M. The binding mode of the most potent IN inhibitor 11j within the IN catalytic core domain (CCD) is described as well as its binding mode within the RNase H catalytic site to rationalize its selectivity. PMID:25961960

  2. A New Method for Production of Chiral 2-Aryl-2-fluoropropanoic Acids Using an Effective Kinetic Resolution of Racemic 2-Aryl-2-fluoropropanoic Acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atsushi Tengeiji

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We report a new method for the preparation of chiral 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acids, including 2-fluoroibuprofen, a fluorinated analogue of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, by the kinetic resolution of racemic 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acids using enantioselective esterification. By applying pivalic anhydride (Piv2O as a coupling agent, bis(?-naphthylmethanol [(?-Np2CHOH] as an achiral alcohol, and (+-benzotetramisole (BTM as a chiral acyl-transfer catalyst, a series of racemic 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acids were kinetically separated to afford the optically active carboxylic acids and the corresponding esters with good to high enantiomeric excesses. This technology can provide a convenient approach to furnish the chiral ?-fluorinated drugs containing quaternary carbons at the ?-positions in the 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acid structure.

  3. 2D-QSPR/DFT studies of aryl-substituted PNP-Cr-based catalyst systems for highly selective ethylene oligomerization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Siyang; Liu, Zhen; Zhan, Xingwen; Cheng, Ruihua; He, Xuelian; Liu, Boping

    2014-03-01

    1-Hexene and 1-octene are important comonomers for the synthesis of high performance polyolefins. Recently, various N-substituted Cr-bis(diphenylphosphino)amine (PNP-Cr) catalysts show the potential as excellent candidates for highly selective ethylene trimerization/tetramerization. In this work, a series of aryl-substituted PNP-Cr catalysts were studied by two-dimensional quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) method based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The heuristic method (HM) and best multi-linear regression (BMLR) were used to establish the best linear regression models to describe the relationship between selectivities and catalyst structures. Both Cr(I) and Cr(II) active site models for ethylene trimerization/tetramerization were considered. It was found that 1) the relativity and stability of the models were increased by using self-defined descriptors based on DFT calculations; 2) Cr(I)/Cr(III) centers were the most plausible active sites for ethylene trimerization, while Cr(II)/Cr(IV) active sites were most possibly responsible for ethylene tetramerization; and 3) the skeleton structures of the PNP-Cr system with good complanation and symmetry were crucial for achieving excellent catalytic selectivity of 1-octene, while the PNP-Cr backbone with a large steric effect on N atom would benefit ethylene trimerization. Six new PNP ligands with high selectivity toward ethylene trimerization/tetramerization were predicted based on descriptor analysis and the best linear regression models providing a good basis for further development of novel catalyst systems with better performance. PMID:24554126

  4. Synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives via condensation of aryl-1,2-diamines with 1,2-diketones using (NH4)6 Mo7 O24 . 4 H2 O as an efficient, mild and reusable catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate [(NH4)6Mo7O24.4H2O] efficiently catalyzes the condensation of aryl-1,2-diamines with l,2-diketones in EtOH/H2O as a green media at room temperature to afford quinoxaline derivatives as biologically interesting compounds. Ease of recycling of the catalyst is one of the most advantages of the proposed method

  5. Systematic investigations on the reduction of 4-aryl-4-oxoesters to 1-aryl-1,4-butanediols with methanolic sodium borohydride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subrata Kumar Chaudhuri

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available 4-Aryl-4-oxoesters undergo facile reduction of both the keto and the ester groups with methanolic NaBH4 at room temperature to yield the corresponding 1-aryl-1,4-butanediols whereas 4-alkyl-4-oxoesters furnish the corresponding 1,4-butanolides via selective reduction of the keto moiety. Results of a detailed and systematic investigation of the reaction are described.

  6. Solid-phase synthesis of 2-aryl-3-alkylamino-1H-indoles from 2-nitro-N-(2-oxo-2-arylethyl)benzenesulfonamides via base-mediated C-arylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schütznerová, Eva; Krch?ák, Viktor

    2015-02-01

    Polymer-supported 2-nitro-N-(2-oxo-2-arylethyl)benzenesulfonamides, prepared from resin-bound amines by sulfonylation with 2-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chlorides followed by alkylation with ?-bromoacetophenones, represent advanced intermediates for the synthesis of different nitrogenous heterocycles. We report their application for the synthesis of 2-aryl-3-alkylamino-1H-indoles via base-mediated C-arylation reactions followed by the reduction of the C-arylated intermediates. Linear precursors for C-arylation were prepared on solid-phase support from simple, commercially available building blocks. The effects of different substituents on the amino and aryl groups were addressed. PMID:25547263

  7. Cyprodinil as an activator of aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? Cyprodinil activated the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). ? Cyprodinil induced nuclear translocation of the AHR, and the expression of CYP1A1. ? Cyprodinil enhanced dexamethasone-induced gene expression. ? Cyprodinil phosphorylated ERK, indicating its deregulation of ERK activity. -- Abstract: Cyprodinil is a pyrimidinamine fungicide, used worldwide by agriculture. It is used to protect fruit plants and vegetables from a wide range of pathogens. Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) are toxic environmental pollutants and are prototypes of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) ligands. Although the structure of cyprodinil distinctly differs from those of BaP and TCDD, our results show that cyprodinil induced nuclear translocation of the AHR, and induced the transcriptional activity of aryl hydrocarbon response element (AHRE). Cyprodinil induced the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1, a well-known AHR-targeted gene, in ovarian granulosa cells, HO23, and hepatoma cells, Hepa-1c1c7. Its induction did not appear in AHR signal-deficient cells, and was blocked by the AHR antagonist, CH-223191. Cyprodinil decreased AHR expression in HO23 cells, resulting in CYP1A1 expression decreasing after it peaked at 9 h of treatment in HO23 cells. Dexamethasone is a synthetic agonist of glucocorticoids. Cyprodinil enhanced dexamethasone-induced gene expression, and conversely, its induction of CYP1A1 expression was decreased by dexamethasone in HO23 cells, indicating its induction of crosstalk between the AHR and glucocorticoid receptor and its role as a potential endocrine disrupter. In addition to BaP, TCDD, and an AHR agonist, ?-NF, cyprodinil also phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in HO23 and Hepa-1c1c7 cells, indicating its deregulation of ERK activity. In summary, our results demonstrate that cyprodinil, similar to BaP, acts as an AHR activator, a potential endocrine disrupter, and an ERK disrupter

  8. Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of some 5-aryl-1, 3-Diphenyl 1-4, 5-dihydro-1H-Pyrazoles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The condensation of acetophenone (I) with arylaldehyde (II) was investigated and the resulting chalcones 2-Arylidene 1-Acetophenone (III) were reacted with phenyl hydrazine and acetic acid to produce substituted 5-aryl-1, 3-diphenyl-4, 5-dihydro-1H-Pyrazoles (IV). The structures of all products were studied by H-NMR, IR, thermal and elemental analysis. Thermo-gravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) was applied to investigate the thermal behavior and structure of the synthesized compounds. 2-Pyrazolines (IV) exhibited moderate activity against Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 19433, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13883, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 25922, Shigella sonnei ATCC 25931 and Peseudom oaeruginosa ATCC 27853. (author)

  9. Principal component analysis for verifying 1H NMR spectral assignments. The case of 3-aryl (1,2,4)-oxadiazole-5-carbohydrazide benzylidene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1H NMR data set of a series of 3-aryl (1,2,4)-oxadiazole-5-carbohydrazide benzylidene derivatives synthesized in our group was analyzed using the chemometric technique of principal component analysis (PCA). Using the original 1H NMR data PCA allowed identifying some misassignments of the proton aromatic chemical shifts. As a consequence of this multivariate analysis, nuclear Overhauser difference experiments were performed to investigate the ambiguity of other assignments of the ortho and meta aromatic hydrogens for the compound with the bromine substituent. The effect of the 1,2,4-oxadiazole group as an electron acceptor, mainly for the hydrogens 12,13, has been highlighted. (author)

  10. Brønsted acid catalyzed, conjugate addition of ?-dicarbonyls to in situ generated ortho-quinone methides--enantioselective synthesis of 4-aryl-4H-chromenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sepelgy, Osama; Haseloff, Stefan; Alamsetti, Santosh Kumar; Schneider, Christoph

    2014-07-21

    We describe herein a catalytic, enantioselective process for the synthesis of 4H-chromenes which are important structural elements of many natural products and biologically active compounds. A sequence comprising a conjugate addition of ?-diketones to in situ generated ortho-quinone methides followed by a cyclodehydration reaction furnished 4-aryl-4H-chromenes in generally excellent yields and high optical purity. A BINOL-based chiral phosphoric acid was employed as a Brønsted acid catalyst which converted ortho-hydroxy benzhydryl alcohols into hydrogen-bonded ortho-quinone methides and effected the carbon-carbon bond-forming event with high enantioselectivity. PMID:24938645

  11. Functionalization of Rhenium Aryl Bonds by O-Atom Transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bischof, Steven M. [Scripps Research Inst., Jupiter, FL (United States); Cheng, Mu-Jeng [California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Nielsen, Robert J. [California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Gunnoe, T. Brent [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Goddard, William A. [California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Periana, Roy A. [Scripps Research Inst., Jupiter, FL (United States)

    2011-03-29

    Aryltrioxorhenium (ArReO3) has been demonstrated to show rapid oxy-functionalization upon reaction with O-atom donors, YO, to selectively generate the corresponding phenols in near quantitative yields. 18O-Labeling experiments show that the oxygen in the products is exclusively from YO. DFT studies reveal a 10.7 kcal/mol barrier (Ar = Ph) for oxy-functionalization with H2O2 via a Baeyer-Villiger type mechanism involving nucleophilic attack of the aryl group on an electrophilic oxygen of YO coordinated to rhenium.

  12. Catalytic arylation methods from the academic lab to industrial processes

    CERN Document Server

    Burke, Anthony J

    2014-01-01

    A current view of the challenging field of catalytic arylation reactions. Clearly structured, the chapters in this one-stop resource are arranged according to the reaction type, and focus on novel, efficient and sustainable processes, rather than the well-known and established cross-coupling methods.The entire contents are written by two authors with academic and industrial expertise to ensure consistent coverage of the latest developments in the field, as well as industrial applications, such as C-H activation, iron and gold-catalyzed coupling reactions, cycloadditions or novel methodologies

  13. Effective attenuation of atrazine-induced histopathological changes in testicular tissue by antioxidant N-phenyl-4-aryl-polyhydroquinolines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandak, Navneet; Bhardwaj, Jitender K; Zheleva-Dimitrova, Dimitrina; Kitanov, Gerassim; Sharma, Rajnesh K; Sharma, Pawan K; Saso, Luciano

    2015-10-01

    Some of the environmental toxicants acting as endocrine disruptors have been associated with health hazards in human and wildlife by modulating hormonal actions. Atrazine, a strong endocrine disruptor, induces detrimental effects on gonads in male and female, and causes impairment of fertility and developmental problems as well as sex alterations. Atrazine decreases the activities of antioxidant enzymes and thus responsible for oxidative stress. Natural antioxidants have shown ability to reduce/slow down the apoptotic effect of atrazine on testicular tissue. In the present study, some N-phenyl-4-aryl-polyhydroquinolines bearing phenolic or/and alkoxy group(s) (6a-6g) were synthesized and evaluated for antioxidant activity in four different assays. Three best compounds (6e-6g) were studied for their ameliorative effect on testicular tissue supplemented with atrazine in vitro. PMID:25265324

  14. Palladium-catalyzed arylation of 2H-chromene: a new entry to pyrano[2,3-c]carbazoles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranjith Reddy, K; Siva Reddy, A; Dhaked, Devendra K; Rasheed, S K; Pathania, Anup Singh; Shankar, Ravi; Malik, Fayaz; Das, Parthasarathi

    2015-09-21

    Pyrano[2,3-c]carbazoles which are biologically valuable and synthetically challenging frameworks are synthesized in high yields over five steps from commercially available resorcinol. Palladium-catalyzed arylation remains a key step in this novel strategy. The versatility of this protocol has been demonstrated by the synthesis of naturally occurring alkaloid clauraila C and 7-methoxyglycomaurin. The anti-proliferative activity of these designed compounds (5a, 5f, and 5l) has been evaluated in a cancer cell line (MOLT-4). The molecular docking study revealed that this pyrano[2,3-c]carbazole class of molecules selectively occupies the colchicine binding site of the tubulin-polymer. PMID:26235231

  15. Electronic effects on keto-enol tautomerism of p-substituted aryl-1,3-diketone malonates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Cruz, Federico; Ríos-Olivares, Hector; García-Gutiérrez, José Luis; Mar, Lubanski Fragoza

    2015-12-01

    Electronic effects on keto-enol tautomerism of 1-(p-substituted aryl)-1,3-diketone malonates 1-10 were determined and established by NMR-Hammett linear free energy relationships. In addition, tautomeric equilibrium constants were determined for the title compounds by 1H NMR in DMSO-d6, showing an increasing to diketo tautomer with the increasing in the temperature. In this context, the enol form becomes less stable with increasing temperature suggesting that the intramolecular hydrogen bonding of the cis enol-keto form are increasingly broken at higher temperatures. In general, the enolic form (rather than the keto) is the most stable conformation due to its six member cyclic structure fulfilled by an internal O-H … O hydrogen bond.

  16. Synthesis, biological activity evaluation and molecular docking studies of novel coumarin substituted thiazolyl-3-aryl-pyrazole-4-carbaldehydes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaarla, Krishnaiah; Kesharwani, Rajesh Kumar; Santosh, Karnewar; Vedula, Rajeswar Rao; Kotamraju, Srigiridhar; Toopurani, Murali Krishna

    2015-12-15

    A novel series of coumarin substituted thiazolyl-3-aryl-pyrazole-4-carbaldehydes (4a-o) were synthesized via an efficient, one-pot multicomponent approach involving 3-(2-bromoacetyl)coumarins (1a-g), thiosemicarbazide (2) and substituted acetophenones (3a-c) utilizing Vilsmeier-Haack reaction condition with good yields. The title compounds structure was elucidated by spectroscopic data (IR, NMR and Mass) and elemental analysis. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against MCF-7, DU-145 and HeLa cell lines and studied detailed about molecular interaction of probable target protein human microsomal cytochrome CYP450 2A6 using docking simulation. These coumarin derivatives were exhibiting moderate to appreciable cytotoxic activities. The compounds 4m and 4n exhibited significant cytotoxic activity with IC50 values having 5.75 and 6.25?M against HeLa cell line. Similarly compound 4n also exhibiting good anti cancer property and antibacterial activity against DU-145 cell line and Gram negative bacterial strains. PMID:26542964

  17. Portuguese compounds

    OpenAIRE

    Rio-Torto, Graça; Ribeiro, Sílvia

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an overview of compounding in Portuguese. Conceived as a plurilexematic unit used as a holistic denomination, a compound is characterized by lexical atomicity. The compound classes’ continuum we propose is based on the morpho-lexical nature of the internal units (root, word) and on the (non) conformity of compound constructions with Portuguese syntactic templates. Since Portuguese compounds constitute a heterogeneous and bordering class, this analysis also...

  18. Novel fluorescent 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives containing thiophene and pyrazole moieties: Synthesis by direct C-H arylation and evaluation of photophysical and electrochemical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Zhengneng; Wu, Jiashou; Wang, Chuanfeng; Dai, Guoliang; Liu, Shiyong; Lu, Jianmei; Jiang, Huajiang

    2014-01-01

    A series of novel 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives containing thiophene and pyrazole moities were synthesized by direct Pd-catalyzed C-H arylation and then characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MALDI-HRMS, and elementary analysis. The photophysical and electrochemical properties of the derivatives were also investigated. All compounds have green emission both in diluted CH2Cl2 solution and solid film. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements showed that the target compounds had a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) range from -3.49 eV to -3.29 eV and a highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) range from -6.04 eV to -5.81 eV. Quantum chemical calculations were performed to obtain the optimized ground-state geometry as well as the spatial distributions of the HOMO, LUMO levels of the compounds.

  19. Direct palladium-catalyzed C-4 arylation of tri-substituted furans with aryl chlorides: An efficient access to heteroaromatics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Hai; Zeng, Jian; Liu, Huajie; Yi, Bing [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering/Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan (China); Zheng, Zhishuo [Guangdong Univ. of Education, Guangzhou (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-04-15

    A series of functionalized furans were synthesized by way of a palladium -catalyzed coupling reaction of 2,3,5-tri substituted furans with aryl chlorides through C-H bond cleavages at C-4 position. The feature of the reaction was facilitative preparation of furan derivatives with good functional group tolerance. All reactions gave the desired products in moderate to good yields in the presences of BuAd{sub 2}P and t-BuOK in DMF at 120 .deg. C after 15 h.

  20. Gold-catalyzed domino aminocyclization/1,3-sulfonyl migration of N-substituted N-sulfonyl-aminobut-3-yn-2-ols to 1-substituted 3-sulfonyl-1H-pyrroles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Wan Teng; Rao, Weidong; Koh, Ming Joo; Chan, Philip Wai Hong

    2013-08-01

    A method to prepare 1-substituted 3-sulfonyl-1H-pyrroles efficiently that relies on the gold(I)-catalyzed cycloisomerization of N-substituted N-sulfonyl-aminobut-3-yn-2-ols is described. The method was shown to be applicable to a broad range of 1,7-enyne alcohols containing electron-withdrawing, electron-donating, and sterically demanding substrate combinations. The mechanism is suggested to involve activation of the propargylic alcohol by the Au(I) catalyst, which causes the intramolecular nucleophilic addition of the sulfonamide unit to the alkyne moiety. The resulting nitrogen-containing heterocyclic intermediate undergoes dehydration and deaurative 1,3-sulfonyl migration, a process that remains rare in gold catalysis, to give the aromatic nitrogen-containing product. PMID:23883133

  1. Enzymatic aryl-O-methyl-14C labeling of model lignin monomers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aryl-O-methyl ethers are abundant in aerobic and anaerobic environments. In particular, lignin is composed of units of this type. Lignin monomers specifically radiolabeled in methoxy, side chain, and ring carbons have been synthesized by chemical procedures and are important in studies of lignin synthesis and degradation, humus formation, and microbial O-demethylation. In this paper attention is drawn to an enzymatic procedure for preparing O-methyl-14C-labeled aromatic lignin monomers which has not previously been exploited in microbial ecology and physiology studies and which has several advantages compared with chemical synthesis procedures. O-[methyl-14C]vanillic and O-[methyl-14C]ferulic acids were prepared with S-[methyl-14C]adenosyl-L-methionine as the methyl donor, using commercially obtained porcine liver catechol-O-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.6). The specific activity of the methylated products was the same as that of the methyl donor, a maximum of about 58 ?Ci/?mol, and the yields were 42% (vanillate) and 35% (ferulate). Thus lignin monomers are readily prepared as O-methylated products of the catechol-O-methyltransferase reaction and, with this enzyme method of preparation, would be more widely available than labeled compounds which require chemical synthesis

  2. In Vitro Nematicidal Activity of Aryl Hydrazones and Comparative GC-MS Metabolomics Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eloh, Kodjo; Demurtas, Monica; Deplano, Alessandro; Ngoutane Mfopa, Alvine; Murgia, Antonio; Maxia, Andrea; Onnis, Valentina; Caboni, Pierluigi

    2015-11-18

    A series of aryl hydrazones were synthesized and in vitro assayed for their activity on the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The phenylhydrazones of thiophene-2-carboxyaldehyde 5, 3-methyl-2-thiophenecarboxyaldehyde, 6, and salicylaldehyde, 2, were the most potent with EC50/48h values of 16.6 ± 2.2, 23.2 ± 2.7, and 24.3 ± 1.4 mg/L, respectively. A GC-MS metabolomics analysis, after in vitro nematode treatment with hydrazone 6 at 100 mg/L for 12 h, revealed elevated levels of fatty acids such as lauric acid, stearic acid, 2-octenoic acid, and palmitic acid. Whereas control samples showed the highest levels of monoacylglycerols such as monostearin and 2-monostearin, surprisingly, 2 h after treatment with hydrazone 6, nematodes excreted 3 times the levels of ammonia eliminated in the same conditions by controls. Thus, phenylhydrazones may represent a good scaffold in the discovery and synthesis of new nematicidal compounds, and a metabolomics approach may be helpful in understanding their mechanisms of toxicity and mode of action. PMID:26528945

  3. Effects of perfluoroalkyl acids on the function of the thyroid hormone and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Long, Manhai; Ghisari, Mandana

    2013-01-01

    Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are perfluorinated compounds that widely exist in the environment and can elicit adverse effects including endocrine disruption in humans and animals. This study investigated the effect of seven PFAAs on the thyroid hormone (TH) system assessing the proliferation of the 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thryonine (T3)-dependent rat pituitary GH3 cells using the T-screen assay and the effect on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivation in the AhR-luciferase reporter gene bioassay. A dose-dependent impact on GH3 cells was observed in the range 1?×?10(-9)-1?×?10(-4) M: seven PFAAs (perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid, perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA), and perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA)) inhibited the GH3 cell growth, and four PFAAs (PFOS, PFHxS, PFNA, and PFUnA) antagonized the T3-induced GH3 cell proliferation. At the highest test concentration, PFHxS showed a further increase of the T3-induced GH3 growth. Among the seven tested PFAAs, only PFDoA and PFDA elicited an activating effect on the AhR. In conclusion, PFAAs possess in vitro endocrine-disrupting potential by interfering with TH and AhR functions, which need to be taken into consideration when assessing the impact on human health.

  4. Synthesis of -aryl--lactones and relationship: Structure – antifeedant and antifungal activity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andrzej Skrobiszewski; Witold G?adkowski; Paulina Walczak; Anna Gliszczy?ska; Gabriela Maciejewska; Tomasz Klejdysz; Jan Nawrot; Czes?aw Wawrze?czyk

    2015-04-01

    Eighteen racemic -aryl--lactones derived from simple aromatic aldehydes have been obtained in the chemical synthesis. Iodolactones (5c and 6c) were synthesized from ()-4-(benzo[][1?,3?]-dioxol-5?-yl)- but-3-en-2-one (1). Reductive dehalogenation of iodolactones 5a–c and 6a–c afforded -ethyl--lactones (7a–c, 8a–c) whereas the unsaturated lactones (9a–c, 10a–c) were obtained by dehydrohalogenation of iodolactones. All synthesized lactones were fully characterized by spectroscopic data (NMR, IR, HRMS) and subjected to the tests on the antifeedant activity towards Tribolium confusum, Trogoderma granarium and Sitophilus granaries as well to the tests on the antifungal activity towards four Fusarium species. The biological tests allowed to find some relationships between the structure and biological activity of the compounds studied. -Ethyl--lactones 7a–c, 8a–c and unsaturated lactones 9a–c, 10a-c were usually stronger antifeedants than their parent iodolactones 5a–c and 6a–c. trans-Iodolactones 6a–c were more active than cis isomers 5a-c both in antifeedant and antifungal assays. The structure of aromatic substituent was the key factor in antifungal activity. The lactones with benzo [$d$][1,3]dioxole ring (5c, 6c, 7c, 8c, 9c) were the most active whereas those with unsubstituted benzene ring exhibited almost no activity.

  5. Polymorphism of the aryl-hydrocarbon receptor gene in intron 10 of human cancers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Rocas; E., Jakubauskiene; A., Kanopka.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g., PCDFs), often called "dioxins", are ubiquitously present environmental contaminants. Some of them, notably 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are among the most toxic synthetic compounds known. Th [...] e biological effects of dioxins are mediated via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Mutations in the AhR transactivation domain are linked to sensitivity to the acute lethality of TCDD. We present here a study of AhR gene polymorphism in normal and cancer human tissues affecting pre-mRNA splicing in the AhR gene-coding transactivation domain region (exon 10, intron 10, exon 11 region), previously shown to be associated with AhR dysfunction. We tested 126 pairs of normal and cancer tissue samples from liver, lung, stomach, kidney, mucous, breast, and pancreas of 49 males and 77 females (45-70 years of age). We used in vitro splicing assay, RT-PCR and sequencing methods. Our results showed that in an in vitro system it is possible to reconstitute cellular pre-mRNA splicing events. Tested cancer tissues did not contain mutations in the AhR transactivation domain region when the DNA sequences were compared with those from normal tissues. There were also no differences in AhR mRNA splice variants between normal and malignant breast tissues and no polymorphisms in the studied regions or cDNA.

  6. Interaction of fish aryl hydrocarbon receptor paralogs (AHR1 and AHR2) with the retinoblastoma protein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merson, Rebeka R., E-mail: rmerson@ric.edu [Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 (United States); Biology Department, Rhode Island College, 500 Mt. Pleasant Ave., Providence, RI 02908 (United States); Karchner, Sibel I.; Hahn, Mark E. [Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 (United States)

    2009-08-13

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. In some mammalian cell lines, TCDD induces G1 cell cycle arrest, which depends on an interaction between the AHR and the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB). Mammals possess one AHR, whereas fishes possess two or more AHR paralogs that differ in the domains important for AHR-RB interactions in mammals. To test the hypothesis that fish AHR paralogs differ in their ability to interact with RB, we cloned RB cDNA from Atlantic killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus, and studied the interactions of killifish RB protein with killifish AHR1 and AHR2. In coimmunoprecipitation experiments, in vitro-expressed killifish RB coprecipitated with both AHR1 and AHR2. Consistent with these results, both killifish AHR1 and AHR2 interacted with RB in mammalian two-hybrid assays. These results suggest that both fish AHR1 and AHR2 paralogs may have the potential to influence cell proliferation through interactions with RB.

  7. Polymorphism of the aryl-hydrocarbon receptor gene in intron 10 of human cancers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rocas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g., PCDFs, often called "dioxins", are ubiquitously present environmental contaminants. Some of them, notably 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, are among the most toxic synthetic compounds known. The biological effects of dioxins are mediated via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR. Mutations in the AhR transactivation domain are linked to sensitivity to the acute lethality of TCDD. We present here a study of AhR gene polymorphism in normal and cancer human tissues affecting pre-mRNA splicing in the AhR gene-coding transactivation domain region (exon 10, intron 10, exon 11 region, previously shown to be associated with AhR dysfunction. We tested 126 pairs of normal and cancer tissue samples from liver, lung, stomach, kidney, mucous, breast, and pancreas of 49 males and 77 females (45-70 years of age. We used in vitro splicing assay, RT-PCR and sequencing methods. Our results showed that in an in vitro system it is possible to reconstitute cellular pre-mRNA splicing events. Tested cancer tissues did not contain mutations in the AhR transactivation domain region when the DNA sequences were compared with those from normal tissues. There were also no differences in AhR mRNA splice variants between normal and malignant breast tissues and no polymorphisms in the studied regions or cDNA.

  8. Silicon dioxide surfaces with aryl interaction sites for chromatographic applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the results of a study on aryl phases aimed at the increase of the separation selectivity of substances containing ? electrons, and improving the reproducibility of retention data. The above phases contain not only a carbon chain of a different length, linking them to the support, but also one or two aromatic rings. The suitability of the newly obtained packings for the purposes of high-performance liquid chromatography was verified on the basis of a description of surface topography before and after the modification process. Various physicochemical methods were employed to determine the effectiveness of chemical modification, i.e., elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance. The aryl packings obtained were used for the separation of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and budesonide epimers, tested under hydroorganic conditions (water/ethanol, water/methanol, water/acetonitrile). The application of a methanol/water mobile phase and a new-generation naphthylpropyl stationary phase for the separation of the 22R and 22S diastereoisomers of budesonide allowed the obtention of reproducible results and make qualitative and quantitative determinations of particular enantiomers

  9. Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution (SNAr) as an Approach to Challenging Carbohydrate-Aryl Ethers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Alexander S; Medina, Sandra; Bower, John F; Galan, M Carmen

    2015-10-01

    A general and practical route to carbohydrate-aryl ethers by nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNAr) is reported. Upon treatment with KHMDS, C-O bond formation occurs between carbohydrate alcohols and a diverse range of fluorinated (hetero)aromatics to provide the targets in good to excellent yields. Commercially available arylating agents, high atom economy, and high regioselectivity are notable features of the protocol. The aryl ether products have potential for wide-ranging applications as exemplified by the synthesis of a novel chiral P,N-ligand. PMID:26379123

  10. Enantioselective cross-coupling of meso-epoxides with aryl halides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yang; Weix, Daniel J

    2015-03-11

    The first enantioselective cross-electrophile coupling of aryl bromides with meso-epoxides to form trans-?-arylcycloalkanols is presented. The reaction is catalyzed by a combination of (bpy)NiCl2 and a chiral titanocene under reducing conditions. Yields range from 57 to 99% with 78-95% enantiomeric excess. The 30 examples include a variety of functional groups (ether, ester, ketone, nitrile, ketal, trifluoromethyl, sulfonamide, sulfonate ester), both aryl and vinyl halides, and five- to seven-membered rings. The intermediacy of a carbon radical is strongly suggested by the conversion of cyclooctene monoxide to an aryl [3.3.0]bicyclooctanol. PMID:25716775

  11. Intercalated organic-inorganic perovskites stabilized by fluoroaryl-aryl interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitzi, David B; Medeiros, David R; Malenfant, Patrick R L

    2002-04-22

    Crystals of several new hybrid tin(II) iodide-based perovskites, involving 2,3,4,5,6- pentafluorophenethylammonium or phenethylammonium cation bilayers and intercalated aryl or perfluoroaryl molecules, were grown by slow evaporation of a methanol solution containing the hybrid perovskite and the intercalating species. The (C(6)F(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)SnI(4).(C(6)H(6)) structure was solved at -75 degrees C in a monoclinic C2/c subcell [a = 41.089(12) A, b = 6.134(2) A, c = 12.245(3) A, beta = 94.021(5) degrees, Z = 4] and consists of sheets of corner-sharing distorted SnI(6) octahedra separated by bilayers of pentafluorophenethylammonium cations. The intercalated benzene molecules form a single well-ordered layer interposed between adjacent fluoroaryl cation layers. The corresponding hybrid with an unfluorinated organic cation and fluorinated intercalating molecule, (C(6)H(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)SnI(4).(C(6)F(6)), is isostructural [a = 40.685(4) A, b = 6.0804(6) A, c = 12.163(1) A, beta = 93.136(2) degrees, Z = 4]. For each intercalated system, close C...C contacts (3.44-3.50 A) between the aromatic cation and the intercalated molecule are indicative of a significant face-to-face interaction, similar to that found in the complex C(6)H(6).C(6)F(6). Crystal growth runs with the organic cation and prospective intercalating molecule either both fluorinated or both unfluorinated did not yield stable intercalated compounds, demonstrating the significance of fluoroaryl-aryl interactions in the current intercalated structures. Thermal analysis of (C(6)F(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)SnI(4).(C(6)H(6)) and (C(6)H(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)SnI(4).(C(6)F(6)) crystals yields, in addition to the characteristic transitions of the parent perovskite, endothermic transitions [12.6(5) and 32.1(8) kJ/mol, respectively] with an onset at 145 degrees C and a weight loss corresponding to the complete loss of the intercalated molecule. The relatively high deintercalation temperature (well above the boiling point of benzene and hexafluorobenzene) demonstrates the usefulness of the hybrid perovskites in providing a stable framework for the examination of the fluoroaryl-aryl interaction, as well as the potential importance of this interaction in tailoring new hybrid perovskites. UV-vis absorption measurements on (C(6)H(5)C(2)H(4)NH(3))(2)SnI(4).(C(6)F(6)) thin films indicate a small reversible wavelength shift to higher energy for the tin(II) iodide framework exciton peak (with respect to that of the parent perovskite spectrum), from 608(2) nm [2.04 eV] to 595(2) nm [2.08 eV], and a corresponding shift in the band edge position. This spectral shift can most reasonably be attributed to subtle structural changes induced in the tin(II) iodide sheets by the intercalated hexafluorobenzene molecules. PMID:11952366

  12. Screening of indigenous plants from Japan for modulating effects on transformation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiumi, Shin; Hosokawa, Keizo; Mukai, Rie; Fukuda, Itsuko; Hishida, Atsuyuki; Iida, Osamu; Yoshida, Ken-ichi; Ashida, Hitoshi

    2006-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor with which halogenated and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as dioxins and benzo[a]pyrene interact as ligands. Since such compounds cause various toxicological effects, including cancer, through the transformation of AhR, it is important to determine influence of modulating factors. It has been reported that certain plant components such as flavonoids and indoles can affect AhR transformation. In this study, to obtain clues to novel ligands of AhR, 191 species of indigenous plants were collected in Japan, and their 50% methanolic extracts (total 368 plant parts) were tested for modulating effects on AhR transformation in a cell-free system using a rat hepatic cytosolic fraction. Among tested extracts at a concentration of 1 mg dry weight of plant/mL, 174 of 368 extracts suppressed 1 nM 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced AhR transformation to 50% or less, while 9 extracts per se induced AhR transformation equivalent to more than 20% of that induced by 1 nM TCDD. Mallotus japonicus (Thunb.) Muell. (leaf) and Trichosanthes rostrata Kitamura (fruit and fruit skin) strongly suppressed 1 nM TCDD-induced AhR transformation, while Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht (seed) per se strongly induced AhR transformation. These results suggest that a large variety of plants in Japan contain various compounds modulating, mainly suppressing, AhR transformation. PMID:16839212

  13. Selective transformations of substituted aryl compounds to fluorenes and phosphoramidates : synthetic and spectroscopic studies

    OpenAIRE

    Haggam, Reda

    2010-01-01

    Because of their diverse biological properties and their high potential for the development of new drugs the synthesis of fluorenes and related systems such as benzo[b]fluorenes is of great interest in the fields of organic and medicinal chemistry. The most relevant benzo[b]fluorenes include the naturally occurring kinamycins. Recently, two fluorene derivatives have been isolated from the sweat of hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius). The biological function of the two dyes named hipposudori...

  14. Synthesis of Aza-Aromatic Compounds by Photocyclodehydrogenation Reaction of N-Aryl Imines.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kos, Martin

    Prague : Institute of Chemical Process Fundamental of the CAS, v. v. i, 2015 - (Bendová, M.; Wagner, Z.), s. 32 ISBN 978-80-86186-70-2. [Bažant Postgraduate Conference 2015. Prague (CZ)] Institutional support: RVO:67985858 Keywords : photocyclodehydrogenation reaction * acid * polxyaromatic molecules Subject RIV: CI - Industrial Chemistry, Chemical Engineering

  15. Synthesis, Density Functional Theory (DFT), Urease Inhibition and Antimicrobial Activities of 5-Aryl Thiophenes Bearing Sulphonylacetamide Moieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noreen, Mnaza; Rasool, Nasir; Gull, Yasmeen; Zubair, Muhammad; Mahmood, Tariq; Ayub, Khurshid; Nasim, Faiz-Ul-Hassan; Yaqoob, Asma; Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad; de Feo, Vincenzo

    2015-01-01

    A variety of novel 5-aryl thiophenes 4a-g containing sulphonylacetamide (sulfacetamide) groups were synthesized in appreciable yields via Pd[0] Suzuki cross coupling reactions. The structures of these newly synthesized compounds were determined using spectral data and elemental analysis. Density functional theory (DFT) studies were performed using the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) basis set to gain insight into their structural properties. Frontier molecular orbital (FMOs) analysis of all compounds 4a-g was computed at the same level of theory to get an idea about their kinetic stability. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) mapping over the entire stabilized geometries of the molecules indicated the reactive sites. First hyperpolarizability analysis (nonlinear optical response) were simulated at the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) level of theory as well. The compounds were further evaluated for their promising antibacterial and anti-urease activities. In this case, the antibacterial activities were estimated by the agar well diffusion method, whereas the anti-urease activities of these compounds were determined using the indophenol method by quantifying the evolved ammonia produced. The results revealed that all the sulfacetamide derivatives displayed antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtiles, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa at various concentrations. Furthermore, the compound 4g N-((5-(4-chlorophenyl)thiophen-2-yl)sulfonyl) acetamide showed excellent urease inhibition with percentage inhibition activity ~46.23 ± 0.11 at 15 µg/mL with IC50 17.1 µg/mL. Moreover, some other compounds 4a-f also exhibited very good inhibition against urease enzyme. PMID:26556326

  16. Synthesis, Density Functional Theory (DFT, Urease Inhibition and Antimicrobial Activities of 5-Aryl Thiophenes Bearing Sulphonylacetamide Moieties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mnaza Noreen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A variety of novel 5-aryl thiophenes 4a–g containing sulphonylacetamide (sulfacetamide groups were synthesized in appreciable yields via Pd[0] Suzuki cross coupling reactions. The structures of these newly synthesized compounds were determined using spectral data and elemental analysis. Density functional theory (DFT studies were performed using the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p basis set to gain insight into their structural properties. Frontier molecular orbital (FMOs analysis of all compounds 4a–g was computed at the same level of theory to get an idea about their kinetic stability. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP mapping over the entire stabilized geometries of the molecules indicated the reactive sites. First hyperpolarizability analysis (nonlinear optical response were simulated at the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p level of theory as well. The compounds were further evaluated for their promising antibacterial and anti-urease activities. In this case, the antibacterial activities were estimated by the agar well diffusion method, whereas the anti-urease activities of these compounds were determined using the indophenol method by quantifying the evolved ammonia produced. The results revealed that all the sulfacetamide derivatives displayed antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtiles, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa at various concentrations. Furthermore, the compound 4g N-((5-(4-chlorophenylthiophen-2-ylsulfonyl acetamide showed excellent urease inhibition with percentage inhibition activity ~46.23 ± 0.11 at 15 µg/mL with IC50 17.1 µg/mL. Moreover, some other compounds 4a–f also exhibited very good inhibition against urease enzyme.

  17. Synthesis of Pure and N-substituted Cyclic Hydrocarbons (e.g. Pyrimidine) via Gas-Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bera, Partha P.; Peverati, Roberto; Head-Gordon, Martin; Lee, Timothy J.

    2015-08-01

    Large polyatomic carbonaceous molecules, known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, are known to exist in the outflows of carbon stars. How these large polyatomic molecules are synthesized in such exotic conditions is, thus far, unknown. Molecular ions, including positive and negative ions, are in relative abundance in the high radiation fields present under such conditions. Hence, barrierless ion-molecule interactions may play a major role in guiding molecules towards each other and initiating reactions. We study these condensation pathways to determine whether they are a viable means of forming large pure hydrocarbon molecules, and nitrogen-containing carbonaceous chains, stacks, and even cyclic compounds. By employing accurate quantum chemical methods we have investigated the processes of growth, structures, nature of bonding, mechanisms, and spectroscopic properties of the ensuing ionic products after pairing small carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen-containing molecules. We have also studied the ion-neutral association pathways involving pure-carbon molecules e.g. acetylene, ethylene and other hydrocarbons, and their dissociation fragments in a plasma discharge as well as how nitrogen atoms are incorporated into the carbon ring during growth. Specifically, we explored the mechanisms by which the synthesis of pyrimidine will be feasible in the gas phase in conjunction with ion-mobility experiments. We have used accurate ab initio coupled cluster theory, Møller-Plesset and Z-averaged perturbation theories, density functional theory, and coupled cluster theory quantum chemical methods together with large correlation consistent basis sets in these investigations. We found that a series of hydrocarbons with a specific stoichiometric composition prefers cyclic molecule formation rather than chains. Some of the association products we investigated have large oscillator strengths for charge-transfer type electronic excitations in the near infrared and visible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.P. P. Bera, Roberto Peverati, M. Head-Gordon, and Timothy J. Lee, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 1859-1869 (2015)

  18. Preparation and assessment of [99mTc]technetium aquacarbonyl complexes with 1,2-diaminoethane-N-substituted ligands for tumor detection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over least 15 years the complex [[99mTc](H20)3(CO)3]+ has been used as an intermediary to obtain technetium radiopharmaceuticals for applications in cardiology, neurology and oncology. Two important characteristics of this molecule are: the facility for obtaining that compound from aqueous solutions and the easiness of substituting H2O molecules by atoms of other ligand molecules. In this project we prepared new complexes [[99mTc](CMNS001-3)(H2O)(CO)3]+, where (CMNS001) = N-[(4-methoxy) benzyl]-1,2-diaminoethane, (CMNS003) = N,N'-bis-[(4-methoxy)benzyl]-1,2-diaminoethane, and assessed the uptake of these complexes in murine melanoma cancer cell B16F10 and breast cells MCF-7 and MDA-MD-231, and compared with [[99m](MIBI)6]+ uptake. In vitro uptake for both new technetium complex reached values close to 5%, for all cell lines, whereas the [[99mTc](MIBI)6]+ uptake was close to 1 %. The assessment of subcellular distribution showed high accumulation of the new complex in the membrane fraction, for MDAMB-231, while for B16F10 accumulation occurred both in membrane and cytoplasm; the concentration of [[99mTc](MIBI)6]+ was mainly in the cytoplasm portion. Biodistribution study in mice allowed to observe the capture of up to 1.6% of the administered dose per gram of tumor tissue for the complex [[99mTc](CMNS001)(H2O)(CO)3]+, whereas other organs such as heart, lung and muscle, showed uptake of about 5.6%, 6.4% and 2%, respectively. The complexes in this work showed a high rate of uptake in vitro, but was not reproduced in vivo model, which can be related to low concentration of the complexes inside the cells and reduced vascularity of tumor tissue, with lower intake of complex through the blood system. (author)

  19. Selective C-Arylation of 2,5-Dibromo-3-hexylthiophene via Suzuki Cross Coupling Reaction and Their Pharmacological Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiz Mansoor Ikram

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the synthesis of various new derivatives based on 5-aryl-2-bromo-3-hexylthiophene with moderate-to-good yields via a palladium-catalyzed Suzuki cross-coupling reaction. This coupling method involved the reaction of 2,5-dibromo-3-hexylthiophene with several arylboronic acids in order to synthesize corresponding thiophene derivatives under controlled and optimal reaction conditions. The different substituents (CH3, OCH3, Cl, F etc. present on arylboronic acids are found to have significant electronic effects on the overall properties of new products. The synthesized thiophene molecules were studied for their haemolytic, biofilm inhibition and anti-thrombolytic activities, and almost all products showed potentially good properties. The compound 2-bromo-5-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-3-hexylthiophenein particular exhibited the highest values for haemolytic and bio-film inhibition activities among all newly synthesized derivatives. In addition, the compound 2-bromo-3-hexyl-5-(4-iodophenylthiophene also showed high anti-thrombolytic activity, suggesting the potential medicinal applications of these newly synthesized compounds.

  20. Pd(II)-Catalyzed para-Selective C–H Arylation of mono-Substituted Arenes

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xisheng; Leow, Dasheng; Yu, Jin-Quan

    2011-01-01

    Pd-catalyzed para-selective C–H arylation of mono-substituted arenes including toluene is developed for the first time using F+ as a bystanding oxidant. This finding provides a new retrosynthetic disconnection for biaryl synthesis.

  1. Synthesis and biological activity of some heterocyclic compounds containing benzimidazole and beta-lactam moiety

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K F Ansari; C Lal

    2009-11-01

    A number of $1N$-substituted-2-methyl benzimidazole derivatives have been synthesized and tested for their antibacterial activities. The chemical structures of the newly synthesized compounds were verified on the basis of spectral and elemental methods of analyses. Investigation of antimicrobial activity of the compounds was done by disc diffusion method using Gram-positive (S. aureus, S. mutans and B. subtilis), Gram-negative (E. coli, S. typhi and P. aeruginosa) bacteria and fungi (C. albicans, A. flavus and A. niger). Among the compounds tested 5a, 5b, 5d, 5i, 5j and 5k exhibited good antibacterial activities against Gram positive bacteria, while 5d and 5i also showed notable antifungal activity. Specially compounds 5a and 5b exhibited appreciable activity against S. aureus and B. subtilis comparable to reference drugs.

  2. Sequence-controlled polymerization guided by aryl-fluoroaryl ?-stacking

    KAUST Repository

    Mugemana, Clement

    2014-01-01

    The ability to control monomer sequences is essential in macromolecular chemistry. Better sequence control leads to better control over macromolecular folding and self-assembly, which, in turn, would enable control over bulk properties (such as thermal behavior, conductivity and rigidity), as well as mimicking the properties of globular proteins. Here, we present a three-part synopsis of recent advances in research on sequence-controlled polymerization guided by aryl-perfluoroaryl ?-? stacking of monomer pairs. We also show that for monomers that are capable of strong associative interactions, the classical reactivity ratio analysis based on Fineman-Ross/terminal reactivity models may lead to an imprecise determination of the monomer alternation mode. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

  3. Synthesis of novel 1,2-benzothiazine 1,1-dioxide-3-ethanone oxime N-aryl acetamide ether derivatives as potent anti-inflammatory agents and inhibitors of monocyte-to-macrophage transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannarapu, Malla Reddy; Vasamsetti, Sathish Babu; Punna, Nagender; Royya, Naresh Kumar; Pamulaparthy, Shanthan Rao; Nanubolu, Jagadeesh Babu; Kotamraju, Srigiridhar; Banda, Narsaiah

    2014-03-21

    A series of novel 1,2-benzothiazine 1,1-dioxide-3-ethanone oxime N-aryl acetamide ether derivatives 7a-h and 9a-h were synthesized starting from sodium salt of saccharin 1 in series of steps. Final compounds 7a-h and 9a-h were evaluated for the anti-inflammatory activity and their ability to inhibit monocyte-to-macrophage transformation. Compounds 7e, 9b, 9e and 9h showed impressive anti-inflammatory activities (TNF-?, IL-8 and MCP-1) at micro molar concentration which was found to be better than positive control i.e., piroxicam. Compound 9e marginally and compound 9h significantly inhibited PMA-induced MMP-9 gelatinase activity. Also compounds 9e and 9h greatly inhibited the PMA-induced monocyte-to-macrophage transformation, a pre-requisite step in the formation of atheroma. PMID:24531227

  4. Unprecedentedly mild direct Pd-catalyzed arylation of oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhuravlev, Fedor

    2006-01-01

    Pd-catalyzed C-2 arylation of oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridine proceeds efficiently at 30 degrees C and tolerates a variety of aryl halides, including derivatized amino acids for which no racemization was observed during the reaction. Experimental evidence for facile deprotonation of oxazolo[4,5-b]pyridine under the reaction conditions is presented and the nature of the anionic intermediates is computationally examined. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Organocatalytic diastereo- and enantioselective Michael addition reactions of 5-aryl-1,3-dioxolan-4-ones.

    OpenAIRE

    Hynes, PS; STRANGES, D; Stupple, PA; Guarna, A; Dixon, DJ

    2007-01-01

    5-Aryl-1,3-dioxolan-4-one heterocycles derived from mandelic acid derivatives and hexafluoroacetone have been identified as new and effective pro-nucleophiles in highly diastereo- and enantioselective Michael addition reactions to nitro olefins catalyzed by bifunctional epi-9-amino-9-deoxy cinchona alkaloid derivatives. Diastereoselectivities up to 98% and enantioselectivities up to 89% for a range of nitro olefins and 5-aryl-1,3-dioxolan-4-ones under mild reaction conditions are reported.

  6. Asymmetric synthesis of quaternary aryl amino acid derivatives via a three-component aryne coupling reaction

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth P. Jones; Peter Jones; White, Andrew J. P.; Barrett, Anthony G.M.

    2011-01-01

    A method was developed for the synthesis of ?-alkyl, ?-aryl-bislactim ethers in good to excellent yields and high diastereoselectivities, consisting of a facile one-pot procedure in which the aryl group is introduced by means of a nucleophilic addition to benzyne and the alkyl group by alkylation of a resultant benzylic anion. Hydrolysis of the sterically less hindered adducts gave the corresponding quaternary amino acids with no racemization, whereas hydrolytic ring opening gave th...

  7. Ligand-Enabled Reactivity and Selectivity in a Synthetically Versatile Aryl C–H Olefination*

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Dong-Hui; Engle, Keary M.; Shi, Bing-Feng; Yu, Jin-Quan

    2009-01-01

    The Mizoroki–Heck reaction, which couples aryl halides with olefins, has been widely used to stitch together the carbogenic cores of numerous complex organic molecules. Given that the position-selective introduction of a halide onto an arene is not always straightforward, direct olefination of aryl C–H bonds would obviate the inefficiencies associated with generating halide precursors or their equivalents; however, methods for carrying out such a reaction have suffered from narrow substrate s...

  8. Direct ?-Functionalization of Cyclic Ketones with Aryl Ketones via the Merger of Photoredox and Organocatalysis

    OpenAIRE

    Petronijevi?, Filip R.; Nappi, Manuel; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2013-01-01

    The direct ?-coupling of cyclic ketones with aryl ketones has been achieved via the synergistic combination of photoredox catalysis and organocatalysis. Diaryl oxymethyl or aryl–alkyl oxymethyl radicals, transiently generated via single-electron reduction of ketone precursors, readily merge with ?-enaminyl radical species – generated by photon-induced enamine oxidation – to produce ?-hydroxyketone adducts. Experimental evidence indicates that two discrete reaction pathways can be operable in ...

  9. Application of Visible-to-UV Photon Upconversion to Photoredox Catalysis: The Activation of Aryl Bromides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majek, Michal; Faltermeier, Uwe; Dick, Bernhard; Pérez-Ruiz, Raúl; Jacobi von Wangelin, Axel

    2015-10-26

    The activation of aryl-Br bonds was achieved by sequential combination of a triplet-triplet annihilation process of the organic dyes, butane-2,3-dione and 2,5-diphenyloxazole, with a single-electron-transfer activation of aryl bromides. The photophysical and chemical steps were studied by time-resolved transient fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy with a pulsed laser, quenching experiments, and DFT calculations. PMID:26368791

  10. Combination of Microwave Reactions with Fluorous Separations in the Palladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Aryl Sulfides

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Wei; Lu, Yimin; Chen, Christine Hiu-Tung

    2003-01-01

    Coupling of microwave reactions with fluorous separations can dramatically increase the efficiency of high-speed synthesis. Described in this paper is a fluorous synthesis of aryl sulfides by palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl perfluoroalkylsulfonates (C8F17O2SOAr) with thiols (RSH) under microwave irradiation. Fluorous solid-phase extractions (F-SPE) are employed for the purification of reaction mixtures. No fluorous solvents are involved in reaction and separation processes. The flu...

  11. Synthesis of 5,5-Disubstituted Butenolides Based on a Pd-Catalyzed ©-Arylation Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Hyde, Alan M.; Buchwald, Stephen L.

    2009-01-01

    Methods for the construction of quaternary carbon centers are of great interest to synthetic chemists due to their presence in natural products. Development of the Pd-catalyzed arylation of butenolides with high selectivity for the ?-position allows for a facile construction of quaternary centers. The preparation of a wide variety of ?-aryl butenolides containing a number of functional groups is outlined. An application of this chemistry for a one-pot synthesis of a tricyclic tetrahydroisoqui...

  12. An air-stable copper reagent for nucleophilic trifluoromethylthiolation of aryl halides

    KAUST Repository

    Weng, Zhiqiang

    2012-12-12

    A series of copper(I) trifluoromethyl thiolate complexes have been synthesized from the reaction of CuF2 with Me3SiCF 3 and S8 (see scheme; Cu red, F green, N blue, S yellow). These air-stable complexes serve as reagents for the efficient conversion of a wide range of aryl halides into the corresponding aryl trifluoromethyl thioethers in excellent yields. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  13. Influence of Functionality on Direct Arylation of Model Systems as a Route Toward Fluorinated Copolymers via Direct Arylation Polymerization (DArP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Livi, Francesco; Gobalasingham, Nemal S.

    2015-01-01

    A screening of direct arylation conditions on amodel small molecule system is carried out to develop suitableconditions for the direct arylation polymerization (DArP) of fluorinatedcopolymers, which are incompatible with conditionspreviously utilized successfully for nonfluorinated systems. Themodel system features a coupling between a 2-substituted thiopheneand a pentafluorobenzene, where one of the partnerswas brominated. A substantial difference in reactivity isobserved, demonstrating that the optimal functionalization fordirect arylation between a thiophene-based donor and a highlyfluorinated acceptor is a halogenated thiophene and anunfunctionalized fluorinated unit, which is opposite of typicalcross coupling reactions, where the acceptor is typicallyhalogenated. The best conditions are applied to the copolymerizationof 1,2,4,5-tetrafluorobenzene and 2,2’-(2,5-bis((2-hexyldecyl)oxy)21,4-phenylene)dithiophene. Polymers arefree of ?-defects and significant homocoupling. This work furtherunderscores the attractive simplicity, relevance, and easeof DArP while reconfirming its broad compatibility withincreasingly popular fluorinated copolymers.

  14. ULTRASOUND ASSISTED EFFICIENT AND GREENER ONE POT SYNTHESIS OF ARYL-14-H-DIBENZO [a,j]XANTHENE DERIVATIVES Ultraschall unterstützt effizientere und umweltfreundlichere ONE Eintopfsynthese ARYL-14-H-dibenzo [a, j] Xanthenderivate

    OpenAIRE

    Saurabh Puri, Balbir Kaur, Anupama Parmar and Harish Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Aryl-14-H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes have been synthesized in high yields from the condensation of aryl aldehydes and 2-napthol in presence of copper perchlorate hexahydrate as catalyst at room temperature gives aryl-14-H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes with excellent yields under ultrasound irradiation (35 kHz). This method has the advantages of high yield, simple methodology, greener and one pot procedure.

  15. ULTRASOUND ASSISTED EFFICIENT AND GREENER ONE POT SYNTHESIS OF ARYL-14-H-DIBENZO [a,j]XANTHENE DERIVATIVES Ultraschall unterstützt effizientere und umweltfreundlichere ONE Eintopfsynthese ARYL-14-H-dibenzo [a, j] Xanthenderivate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Puri, Balbir Kaur, Anupama Parmar and Harish Kumar

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Aryl-14-H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes have been synthesized in high yields from the condensation of aryl aldehydes and 2-napthol in presence of copper perchlorate hexahydrate as catalyst at room temperature gives aryl-14-H-dibenzo[a,j]xanthenes with excellent yields under ultrasound irradiation (35 kHz. This method has the advantages of high yield, simple methodology, greener and one pot procedure.

  16. Computational Study on the Acid Catalyzed Reactions of Fluorine-Containing 2,4-Dialkoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrans with Aromatic Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norio Ota

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The reaction of 2,4-diethoxy-6-trifluoromethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran (1 with aromatic compounds in refluxing acetonitrile in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid gave the mixture of 4-aryl-2-trifluoromethyl-4H-pyrans (3 and 6-aryl-1,1,1-trifluorohexa-3,5-dien-2-ones (4. In contrast, the same reaction carried out in trifluoroacetic acid at ambient temperature afforded 4-aryl-2-ethoxy-6-trifluoromethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrans (2 selectively. These two types of reactions giving quite different products under each condition were studied on the basis of DFT calculations. Moreover, the proposed mechanism for the reaction of 5-trifluoroacetyl-6-trifluoromethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran (5 with aromatic compounds affording butadiene derivatives (6 exclusively was also discussed based on the calculations and comparison with the reactivity of pyrylium intermediate (7.

  17. Palladium-Catalyzed Carbonylative alpha-Arylation of 2-Oxindoles with (Hetero)aryl Bromides : Efficient and Complementary Approach to 3-Acyl-2-oxindoles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lian, Zhong; Friis, Stig D.

    2014-01-01

    An efficient Pd-catalyzed carbonylative alpha-arylation of 2-oxindoles with aryl and heteroaryl bromides for the one-step synthesis of 3-acyl-2-oxindoles has been developed. This reaction proceeds efficiently under mild conditions and is complementary to the more common oxindole forming reactions. The transformation only requires a mild base and provides good to excellent yields even with heteroaromatic substrates. Employing a near stoichiometric amount of (13)COgen, the methodology was easily extended to [C-13] acyl labeling. The general applicability of the reaction conditions was demonstrated in the synthesis of a structure related to the pharmaceutically active 3-acyl-2-oxindoles, tenidap.

  18. A general strategy for organocatalytic activation of C-H bonds via photoredox catalysis: direct arylation of benzylic ethers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qvortrup, Katrine; Rankic, Danica A; MacMillan, David W C

    2014-01-15

    Direct C-H functionalization and arylation of benzyl ethers has been accomplished via photoredox organocatalysis. The productive merger of a thiol catalyst and a commercially available iridium photoredox catalyst in the presence of household light directly affords benzylic arylation products in good to excellent yield. The utility of this methodology is further demonstrated in direct arylation of 2,5-dihydrofuran to form a single regioisomer. PMID:24341523

  19. Directing/Protecting-Group-Free Synthesis of Tetraaryl-Substituted Pyrazoles through Four Direct Arylations on an Unsubstituted Pyrazole Scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuse, Shinichiro; Morita, Taiki; Johmoto, Kohei; Uekusa, Hidehiro; Tanaka, Hiroshi

    2015-10-01

    A directing/protecting-group-free synthesis of 1,3,4,5-tetraaryl-substituted pyrazoles was achieved through four transition metal-catalyzed direct arylations. Various pyrazoles with four different aryl rings were obtained using readily available reagents from an unsubstituted pyrazole. Two aryl-substituted pyrazoles showed intense violet fluorescence, high quantum yields (?f =0.68, 0.64), and large Stokes shifts (19000, 15200?cm(-1) ). PMID:26330168

  20. Boryl (Hetero)aryne Precursors as Versatile Arylation Reagents: Synthesis through C–H Activation and Orthogonal Reactivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demory, Emilien; Devaraj, Karthik; Orthaber, Andreas; Gates, Paul J; Pilarski, Lukasz T

    2015-01-01

    (Pinacolato)boryl ortho-silyl(hetero)aryl triflates are presented as a new class of building blocks for arylation. They demonstrate unique versatility by delivering boronate or (hetero)aryne reactivity chemoselectively in a broad range of transformations. This approach enables the unprecedented postfunctionalization of fluoride-activated (hetero)aryne precursors, for example, as substrates in transition-metal catalysis, and offers valuable new possibilities for aryl boronate postfunctionalization without the use of specialized protecting groups. PMID:26270451

  1. Boryl (Hetero)aryne Precursors as Versatile Arylation Reagents: Synthesis through C?H Activation and Orthogonal Reactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demory, Emilien; Devaraj, Karthik; Orthaber, Andreas; Gates, Paul J; Pilarski, Lukasz T

    2015-09-28

    (Pinacolato)boryl ortho-silyl(hetero)aryl triflates are presented as a new class of building blocks for arylation. They demonstrate unique versatility by delivering boronate or (hetero)aryne reactivity chemoselectively in a broad range of transformations. This approach enables the unprecedented postfunctionalization of fluoride-activated (hetero)aryne precursors, for example, as substrates in transition-metal catalysis, and offers valuable new possibilities for aryl boronate postfunctionalization without the use of specialized protecting groups. PMID:26270451

  2. Merging Photoredox and Nickel Catalysis: The Direct Synthesis of Ketones by the Decarboxylative Arylation of ?-Oxo Acids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Lingling; Lipshultz, Jeffrey M; MacMillan, David W C

    2015-06-26

    The direct decarboxylative arylation of ?-oxo acids has been achieved by synergistic visible-light-mediated photoredox and nickel catalysis. This method offers rapid entry to aryl and alkyl ketone architectures from simple ?-oxo acid precursors via an acyl radical intermediate. Significant substrate scope is observed with respect to both the oxo acid and arene coupling partners. This mild decarboxylative arylation can also be utilized to efficiently access medicinal agents, as demonstrated by the rapid synthesis of fenofibrate. PMID:26014029

  3. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of tert-butyl [1-benzyl-2[(4-aryl-2-thiazolyl)hydrazono]ethyl]carbamate derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turan-Zitouni, Gülhan; Fehrentz, Jean-Alain; Chevallet, Pierre; Martinez, Jean; Kaplancikli, Zafer Asim; Ozdemir, Ahmet; Arslanyolu, Muhittin; Yildiz, Mehmet Taha

    2007-06-01

    The increasing clinical importance of drug-resistant fungal and bacterial pathogens has lent additional urgency to microbiological research and new antibacterial compound development. For this purpose, new tert-butyl[1-benzyl-2[(4-aryl-2-thiazolyl)hydrazono]ethyl]carbamate derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity. The reaction of Boc-L-phenylalaninal with thiosemicarbazide gave the thiosemicarbazone which furnished the title compounds by reaction with phenacyl bromides. The newly synthesized compounds were screened for antibacterial activity and toxicity. While microdilution broth susceptibility assay was used for the antibacterial activity evaluation of the compounds against the strains E. coli (NRRL B-3704), M. luteus (NRRL B-4375), B. cereus (NRRL B-3711), P. aeruginosa (NRRL B-23), and S. fecalis (NRRL B-14617), the Artemia salina 96-well assay was used to determine cytotoxicities of the compounds. Observations obtained from the bioassays showed that some of the compounds are highly active against E. coli, M. luteus, and B. cereus when compared with the control agent and showed low toxicity. PMID:17562564

  4. In vitro cytotoxicity and apoptotic inducing activity of the synthesized 4-aryl-4H-chromenes derivatives against human cancer cell lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohagheghi MA

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: 4-Aryl-4H-chromenes are novel anticancer agents which induce apoptosis in cancer cells. These compounds were found to induce apoptosis by targeting the tubulin/microtubule system in cell proliferation process. The aim of this study was to report cyototoxic and apoptosis inducing activities of a new series of synthesized 4-aryl-4H-chromenes compounds."n"n Methods: The in vitro cytotoxic activity of the synthesized 4-aryl-4H-chromenes was investigated against a paned of human cancer cell lines including MCF-7 (breast carcinoma, A549 (lung carcinoma, HEPG-2 (liver carcinoma, SW-480 (colon adenocarcinoma, U87-MG (glioblastoma, 1321N1 (astrocytoma, and DAOY (medulloblastoma. The percentage of growth inhibitory activity was evaluated using MTT colorimetric assay versus controls not treated with test derivatives. The data for etoposide, a well known anticancer drug, was included for comparison. For each compound, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50 were determined. Apoptosis inducing activity were assessed by DAPI staining."n"n Results: Preliminary screening showed that those chromenes analogs bearing phenyl-isoxazole-3-yl substitution or the derivatives containing methoxyphenyl in chromene ring exhibited cytotoxic and apoptotic inducing activity comparable with or even superior than the reference drug, etoposide. The compounds without this type of substitution have lower activity. "n"nConclusions: Replacement of 3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenyl group with thiazol ring in the synthesized derivatives reduced the cytotoxic activity. However, the derivatives with phenyl-isoxazole analogue showed potent cytotoxic and apoptotic inducing activity.

  5. Synthesis and aryl hydrocarbon receptor binding properties of radiolabeled polychlorinated dibenzofuran congeners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microchlorination of 1,4,9[3H]dibenzofuran gave several polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) products and 2,3,7,8-[3H]tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), 1,2,3,7,8-[3H]pentachlorodibenzofuran (PeCDF), and 1,2,3,6,7,8-/1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran (HCDF) of high specific activity (57, 34, and 32.5 Ci/mmol, respectively) were purified by preparative high-pressure liquid chromatography. These compounds were investigated as radioligands for the rat liver cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor protein. Like 2,3,7,8-[3H]tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the radiolabeled PCDF congeners exhibited saturable binding with the receptor protein and sucrose density gradient analysis of the radiolabeled ligand-receptor complexes gave specific binding peaks with comparable sedimentation profiles. The rank order of radioligand binding affinities (Kd values) was 2,3,7,8-TCDD greater than 2,3,7,8-TCDF greater than 1,2,3,6,7,8-HCDF greater than 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDF and the maximum difference in Kd values for the four radioligands was less than 13-fold (0.44-5.9 nM). The interactions of the PCDF radioligands with the cytosolic receptor all exhibited saturable binding curves and linear Scatchard plots and the slopes of their Hill plots were in the range 1.0-1.1, thus indicating that cooperativity was not a factor in these binding interactions. The relative stabilities and dissociation kinetics of the radioligand-receptor complexes were highly dependent on the structure of the radioligand. The dissociation curves of the 2,3,7,8-[3H]TCDD and PCDF receptor complexes were biphasic and this suggests that there may be a temporal shift in ligand binding affinities. However, the rates of dissociation did not correlate with the rank order of ligand binding affinities

  6. What Are the Potential Sites of Protein Arylation by N-Acetyl-p-benzoquinone Imine (NAPQI)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leeming, Michael G; Gamon, Luke F; Wille, Uta; Donald, William A; O'Hair, Richard A J

    2015-11-16

    Acetaminophen (paracetamol, APAP) is a safe and widely used analgesic medication when taken at therapeutic doses. However, APAP can cause potentially fatal hepatotoxicity when taken in overdose or in patients with metabolic irregularities. The production of the electrophilic and putatively toxic compound N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), which cannot be efficiently detoxicated at high doses, is implicated in APAP toxicity. Numerous studies have identified that excess NAPQI can form covalent linkages to the thiol side chains of cysteine residues in proteins; however, the reactivity of NAPQI toward other amino acid side chains is largely unexplored. Here, we report a survey of the reactivity of NAPQI toward 11 N-acetyl amino acid methyl esters and four peptides. (1)H NMR analysis reveals that NAPQI forms covalent bonds to the side-chain functional groups of cysteine, methionine, tyrosine, and tryptophan residues. Analogous reaction products were observed when NAPQI was reacted with synthetic model peptides GAIL-X-GAILR for X = Cys, Met, Tyr, and Trp. Tandem mass spectrometry peptide sequencing showed that the NAPQI modification sites are located on the "X" residue in each case. However, when APAP and the GAIL-X-GAILR peptide were incubated with rat liver microsomes that contain many metabolic enzymes, NAPQI formed by oxidative metabolism reacted with GAIL-C-GAILR exclusively. For the peptides where X = Met, Tyr, and Trp, competing reactions between NAPQI and alternative nucleophiles precluded arylation of the target peptide by NAPQI. Although Cys residues are favorably targeted under these conditions, these data suggest that NAPQI can, in principle, also damage proteins at Met, Tyr, and Trp residues. PMID:26523953

  7. Harman induces CYP1A1 enzyme through an aryl hydrocarbon receptor mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harman is a common compound in several foods, plants and beverages. Numerous studies have demonstrated its mutagenic, co-mutagenic and carcinogenic effects; however, the exact mechanism has not been fully identified. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor regulating the expression of the carcinogen-activating enzyme; cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1). In the present study, we examined the ability of harman to induce AhR-mediated signal transduction in human and rat hepatoma cells; HepG2 and H4IIE cells. Our results showed that harman significantly induced CYP1A1 mRNA in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Similarly, harman significantly induced CYP1A1 at protein and activity levels in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the AhR antagonist, resveratrol, inhibited the increase in CYP1A1 activity by harman. The RNA polymerase inhibitor, actinomycin D, completely abolished the CYP1A1 mRNA induction by harman, indicating a transcriptional activation. The role of AhR in CYP1A1 induction by harman was confirmed by using siRNA specific for human AhR. The ability of harman to induce CYP1A1 was strongly correlated with its ability to stimulate AhR-dependent luciferase activity and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. At post-transcriptional and post-translational levels, harman did not affect the stability of CYP1A1 at the mRNA and the protein levels, excluding other mechanisms participating in the obtained effects. We concluded that harman can directly induce CYP1A1 gene expression in an AhR-dependent manner and may represent a novel mechanism by which harman promotes mutagenicity, co-mutagenicity and carcinogenicity.

  8. Association between polymorphisms in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor gene and disseminated testicular germ cell cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brokken, Leon J S; Lundberg-Giwercman, Yvonne

    2013-01-01

    In the Western world, testicular germ cell cancer (TGCC) is the most common malignancy of young men. The malignant transformation of germ cells is thought to be caused by developmental and hormonal disturbances, probably related to environmental and lifestyle factors because of rapidly increasing incidence of TGCC in some countries. Additionally, there is a strong genetic component that affects susceptibility. However, genetic polymorphisms that have been identified so far only partially explain the risk of TGCC. Many of the persistent environmental pollutants act through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). AHR signaling pathway is known to interfere with reproductive hormone signaling, which is supposed to play a role in the pathogenesis and invasive progression of TGCC. The aim of the present study was to identify whether AHR-related polymorphisms were associated with risk as well as histological and clinical features of TGCC in 367 patients and 537 controls. Haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in genes encoding AHR and AHR repressor (AHRR). Binary logistic regression was used to calculate the risk of TGCC, non-seminoma versus seminoma, and metastasis versus localized disease. Four SNPs in AHRR demonstrated a significant allele association with risk to develop metastases (rs2466287: OR = 0.43, 95% CI 0.21-0.90; rs2672725: OR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.25-0.94; rs6879758: OR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.08-0.92; rs6896163: OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.12-0.98). This finding supports the hypothesis that compounds acting through AHR may play a role in the invasive progression of TGCC, either directly or through modification of reproductive hormone action.

  9. Nature of phenolic compounds in coffee melanoidins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Carina; Ribeiro, Miguel; Cruz, Ana C S; Domingues, M Rosário M; Coimbra, Manuel A; Bunzel, Mirko; Nunes, Fernando M

    2014-08-01

    Phenolic compounds are incorporated into coffee melanoidins during roasting mainly in condensed form (42-62 mmol/100 g) and also in ester-linked form (1.1-1.6 mmol/100 g), with incorporation levels depending on the green coffee chlorogenic acid content. The phenolic compounds are incorporated in different coffee melanoidin populations, but mainly in those soluble in 75% ethanol (82%), a significant correlation between the amount of phenolic compounds and the amount of protein and color characteristics of the different melanoidin populations being observed. The incorporation of phenolic compounds into coffee melanoidins is a significant pathway of chlorogenic acid degradation during roasting, representing 23% of the chlorogenic acids lost. These account for the nearly 26% of the material not accounted for by polysaccharides and proteins present in coffee melanodins. The cleavage mechanism and the efficiency of alkaline fusion used to release condensed phenolics from coffee melanoidins suggest that the phenolic compounds can be linked to the polymeric material by aryl-ether, stilbene type, and/or biphenyl linkages. PMID:24998624

  10. Aryl sulfate formation in sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) ingesting marine algae (Fucus distichus) containing 2,6-dimethylnapthalene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metabolism of tritiated 2,6-dimethylnapthalene (2,6-DMN) was studied in sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) feeding on marine algae (Fucus distichus). The Fucus accumulated this hydrocarbon from sea water without converting it to metabolites. Most of the tritium accumulated by the sea urchins (e.g., 70.8% after 3 days) from feeding on 2,6-DMN-exposed Fucus was present in the exoskeleton (shell and spines). Moreover, after 3 days feeding, about 90% of the tritium in the total metabolite fraction of the gonads and digestive tract of the sea urchin was present as sulfate derivatives. These metabolites were identified through hydrolysis with aryl sulfatase, followed by thin-layer chromatography of the products. After 14 days of feeding, the tritium associated with the sulfate derivatives decreased in the gonads and digestive tract to 61 and 65%, respectively, of the total metabolite fraction. Hydroxy compounds from sulfatase hydrolysis were chromatographed using multiple elutions with toluene. The hydroxy isomers were separated and the R/sub f/ values were compared to those of pure reference compounds. The data indicated that 80% of the 2,6-dimethylnaphtyl sulfate contained the sulfate on the 1 and/or 3 position of the aromatic ring. Moreover, 6-methyl-2-naphthalenemethanol was not detected, which implies that sea urchins, unlike fish, metabolize alkyl-substituted aromatic hydrocarbons primarily through aromatic ring oxidations

  11. Synthesis and evaluation of 2-(5-(aryl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ylthio)-N-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamides and N-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-2-(5-(aryl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ylthio)acetamides as antimicrobial agents

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kalpesh Parikh; Deepkumar Joshi

    2014-05-01

    A series of 2-mercapto-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives have been condensed with different phenyl acetamide derivatives possessing fluorine atom at meta position; resulting in the formation of 2-(5-aryl- 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ylthio)-N-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide (5a-j) and N-(4-chloro-3-fluorophenyl)-2-(5-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ylthio)acetamide (5k-t) derivatives. The antimicrobial properties of the synthesized entities (5a-t) measured as their MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) values were evaluated by using the broth dilution method against Gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus and E. faecalis), Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli and P. aeruginosa) and fungi (C. albicans and A. niger). The results of antimicrobial activities (in g/ml) revealed the fact that the compounds 5a and g bearing a maximum number of fluorine atoms showed the highest potency among the synthesized compounds against the broad panel of bacterial and fungal strains. The presence of fluorine atom at the meta position in the phenyl ring of final derivatives (5a-t) brought about an enhancement of their antimicrobial properties to a notable extent.

  12. Allium Discoloration: Color Compounds Formed during Pinking of Onion and Leek.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubec, Roman; Urajová, Petra; Lacina, Ond?ej; Hajšlová, Jana; Kuzma, Marek; Zápal, Jakub

    2015-11-25

    Structures and formation pathways of compounds responsible for pink discoloration of onion and leek were studied. A procedure was developed for the isolation and purification of the color compounds from various model systems and their identification by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS. In total, structures of 15 major color compounds were tentatively determined. It was found that the pigment is a complex mixture of highly conjugated species composed of two N-substituted 3,4-dimethylpyrrole-derived rings linked by either a methine or a propenylidine bridge. These two-ring units are further modified by various C1- and C3-side chains. Experiments with isotope-labeled thiosulfinates revealed that the methine bridge and C1-side chains originate from the methyl group of methiin, whereas the C3 units are derived from the propenyl group of isoalliin. PMID:26548475

  13. Regioselective Multi-component Synthesis of 7-Aryl-benzo[h][1,2,4]-triazolo[5,1-b]quinazoline-5,6-diones Catalyzed by n-Propylsulfonated ?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Weilin; Tian, Shuanbao; Wu, Liqiang [Xinxiang Medical Univ., Xinxiang (China)

    2013-09-15

    We have developed a straightforward method for the synthesis of 7-aryl-benzo[h][1,2,4]-triazolo[5,1-b] quinazoline-5,6-dione derivatives by nano n-propylsulfonated ?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyzed three-component reaction of aldehyde, 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone and 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole. A series of 7-aryl-benzo[h][1,2,4]-triazolo[5,1-b]quinazoline-5,6-dione derivatives have been synthesized in excellent yield (85-96%). The catalyst can be recycled up to six cycles without much decrease in catalytic activity. Environment friendly catalyst, high regioselectivity and good yield are the advantages of the method. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on synthesis of 7-aryl-benzo[h][1,2,4]-triazolo[5,1-b]quinazoline-5,6-dione derivatives. We are evaluating anticancer activity of 4, which will be published elsewhere. Naphthoquinones constitute a major class of naturally occurring compounds, and interests in their chemistry continues unabated because of their wide range of biological and therapeutic properties such as antioxidant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antiviral, and anticancer activity.

  14. On the search for potential antimycobacterial drugs: synthesis of naphthoquinoidal, phenazinic and 1,2,3-triazolic compounds and evaluation against mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guilherme A. M., Jardim; Eduardo H. G., Cruz; Wagner O., Valença; Jarbas M., Resende; Bernardo L., Rodrigues; Daniela F., Ramos; Ronaldo N., Oliveira; Pedro E. A., Silva; Eufrânio N. da, Silva Júnior.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Fifteen naphthoquinones, sixteen phenazines and fifteen aryl triazoles were synthesized and evaluated against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Twenty five substances are reported here for the first time and, among all of the compounds evaluated, six presented MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) values [...

  15. Evodiamine as a novel antagonist of aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hui [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Affiliated Tenth People' s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Tu, Yongjiu; Zhang, Chun; Fan, Xia; Wang, Xi [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Wang, Zhanli [College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Liang, Huaping, E-mail: huaping_liang@yahoo.com.cn [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China)

    2010-11-05

    Research highlights: {yields} Evodiamine interacted with the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine inhibited the specific binding of [{sup 3}H]-TCDD to the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine acts as an antagonist of the AhR. -- Abstract: Evodiamine, the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from Wu-Chu-Yu, has been shown to interact with a wide variety of proteins and modify their expression and activities. In this study, we investigated the interaction between evodiamine and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Molecular modeling results revealed that evodiamine directly interacted with the AhR. Cytosolic receptor binding assay also provided the evidence that evodiamine could interact with the AhR with the K{sub i} value of 28.4 {+-} 4.9 nM. In addition, we observed that evodiamine suppressed the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced nuclear translocation of the AhR and the expression of CYP1A1 dose-dependently. These results suggested that evodiamine was able to bind to the AhR as ligand and exhibit antagonistic effects.

  16. Enhanced interfacial properties of carbon fiber composites via aryl diazonium reaction “on water”

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Carbon fibers are grafted with phenyl amine group via aryl diazonium reaction. • Interfacial shear strength of the carbon fibers increases by 73%. • Tensile strength of the carbon fibers does not decrease distinctly. • Using water as the reaction medium can avoid pollution from organic solvents. • Grafting via aryl diazonium reaction in one step can improve modification efficiency. - Abstract: Polyacrylonitrile-based carbon fibers were functionalized with phenyl amine group via aryl diazonium reaction “on water” to improve their interfacial bonding with resin matrix. Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed to characterize ordered degree, functional groups, chemical states and morphology of carbon fiber surface, respectively. The results showed that phenyl amine groups were grafted on the fiber surface successfully. Mechanical property test results indicated that the aryl diazonium reaction in this paper could improve the interfacial shear strength by 73%, while the tensile strength was down very slightly. Hence aryl diazonium reaction “on water” could be a facile green platform to functionalize carbon fibers for many interesting applications

  17. Expedient synthesis of C-aryl carbohydrates by consecutive biocatalytic benzoin and aldol reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Karel; Parella, Teodor; Joglar, Jesús; Bujons, Jordi; Pohl, Martina; Clapés, Pere

    2015-02-16

    The introduction of aromatic residues connected by a C-C bond into the non-reducing end of carbohydrates is highly significant for the development of innovative structures with improved binding affinity and selectivity (e.g., C-aril-sLex). In this work, an expedient asymmetric "de novo" synthetic route to new aryl carbohydrate derivatives based on two sequential stereoselectively biocatalytic carboligation reactions is presented. First, the benzoin reaction of aromatic aldehydes to dimethoxyacetaldehyde is conducted, catalyzed by benzaldehyde lyase from Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar I. Then, the ?-hydroxyketones formed are reduced by using NaBH4 yielding the anti diol. After acetal hydrolysis, the aldol addition of dihydroxyacetone, hydroxyacetone, or glycolaldehyde catalyzed by the stereocomplementary D-fructose-6-phosphate aldolase and L-rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase is performed. Both aldolases accept unphosphorylated donor substrates, avoiding the need of handling the phosphate group that the dihydroxyacetone phosphate-dependent aldolases require. In this way, 6-C-aryl-L-sorbose, 6-C-aryl-L-fructose, 6-C-aryl-L-tagatose, and 5-C-aryl-L-xylose derivatives are prepared by using this methodology. PMID:25640727

  18. A Copper-Catalyzed Formal [3 + 2]-Cycloaddition for the Synthesis of All Different Aryl-Substituted Furans and Thiophenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Shingo; Noda, Yushi; Wada, Masaru; Nishikata, Takashi

    2015-08-01

    A highly efficient formal [3 + 2]-cycloaddition was established using a copper catalyst. The resulting dihydrofurans were subjected to oxidation followed by arylations to produce tetraarylfurans. In addition, the dihydrofuran can be converted to diaryldihydrothiophene by using Lawesson's reagent. This protocol will facilitate the synthesis of all different aryl-substituted furans and thiophenes. PMID:26158487

  19. Copper-Catalyzed N-Arylation of Amides Using (S-N-Methylpyrrolidine-2-carboxylate as the Ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong-Sheng Ma

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available (S-N-methylpyrrolidine-2-carboxylate, a derivative of natural L-proline, was found to be an efficient ligand for the copper-catalyzed Goldberg-type N-arylation of amides with aryl halides under mild conditions. A variety of N-arylamides were synthesized in good to high yields.

  20. A solution to the 2-pyridyl organometallic cross-coupling problem: regioselective catalytic direct arylation of pyridine N-oxides.

    OpenAIRE

    Campeau, LC; Rousseaux, S.; Fagnou, K

    2005-01-01

    Direct arylation reactions of pyridine N-oxides occur in excellent yield with complete selectivity for the 2-position with a wide range of aryl bromides. This reactivity permits the use of inexpensive, commercially available, and bench-stable pyridine N-oxides as replacements for problematic 2-metallapyridines in palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions.

  1. Intramolecular Acylation of Aryl- and Aroyl-Aliphatic Acids by the Action of Pyrophosphoryl Chloride and Phosphorus Oxychloride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleh Rayyan

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Both pyrophosphoryl chloride and phosphorus oxychloride react with aryl aliphatic acids to form mixed anhydrides which undergo intramolecular acylation to afford cyclic ketones without the addition of a Friedel-Crafts catalyst. Aryl and aroylbenzoic acids could be cyclized to the corresponding anthrones and anthraquinones respectively.

  2. Aryne generation vs. Truce-Smiles and fries rearrangements during the Kobayashi fragmentation reaction: a new bi-aryl synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasheed, O K; Hardcastle, I R; Raftery, J; Quayle, P

    2015-08-01

    Treatment of (ortho-trimethysilyl)aryl phenylsulfonates with a soluble fluoride source initiates a Truce-Smiles rearrangement leading to the formation of functionalized bi-aryls. This new carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction proceeds without recourse to transition metal catalysis, under mild reaction conditions and with good functional group compatibility. PMID:26126413

  3. Aryl(sulfonyl)amino group: a convenient and stable yet activated modification of amino group for its intramolecular displacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Yuzo; Yen, Dinh Hoang; Fukudome, Yasuhiro; Hata, Takeshi; Urabe, Hirokazu

    2010-09-17

    Aryl(sulfonyl)amino groups, readily derived from sulfonyl- or arylamines by standard methods as well as the recently introduced methods of sulfonylation and arylation, proved to be good leaving groups in intramolecular substitution reactions by various nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon nucleophiles. PMID:20734982

  4. Sulfonylation of quinoline N-oxides with aryl sulfonyl chlorides via copper-catalyzed C-H bonds activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zhiyong; Song, Hongyu; Cui, Xiuling; Pi, Chao; Du, Weiwei; Wu, Yangjie

    2013-03-15

    An efficient and concise one-pot protocol to synthesize sulfonylated quinoline N-oxides via copper-catalyzed C-H bond activation has been developed. Commercially available and less expensive aryl sulfonyl chlorides were used as the sulfonylation reagents. Various 2-aryl sulfonyl quinolines were obtained in up to 91% yields in chemo- and regioselective manners. PMID:23461790

  5. Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl fluorides with N-tosylhydrazones via C-F bond activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Haiqing; Wu, Guojiao; Xu, Shuai; Wang, Kang; Wu, Chaoqiang; Zhang, Yan; Wang, Jianbo

    2015-08-11

    A palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of electron-deficient aryl fluorides with aryl N-tosylhydrazones has been reported. Mechanistically, this approach involves C-F bond activation and migratory insertion of palladium carbene as the two key steps. PMID:26207857

  6. Homocoupling of aryl halides in flow: Space integration of lithiation and FeCl3 promoted homocoupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiichiro Nagaki

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of FeCl3 resulted in a fast homocoupling of aryllithiums, and this enabled its integration with the halogen–lithium exchange reaction of aryl halides in a flow microreactor. This system allows the homocoupling of two aryl halides bearing electrophilic functional groups, such as CN and NO2, in under a minute.

  7. Dithiocarbamate promoted practical synthesis of N-Aryl-2-aminobenzazoles: Synthesis of novel Aurora-A kinase inhibitor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Naresh Kumar Katari; M Venkatanarayana; Kummari Srinivas

    2015-03-01

    Various N-aryl-2-aminobenzoxazoles and N-aryl-2-aminobenzothiazoles were synthesized from o-aminophenol and o-aminothiophenol, respectively, mediated by dithiocarbamate in one step. The salient features of this method include mild reaction condition, high yield and large scale synthesis. Application of this methodology has been demonstrated by synthesizing potent Aurora kinase-A inhibitors.

  8. Effect of dioxins on regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase gene expression by aryl hydrocarbon receptor: a neurotoxicology study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akahoshi Eiichi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dioxins and related compounds are suspected of causing neurological disruption. Epidemiological studies indicated that exposure to these compounds caused neurodevelopmental disturbances such as learning disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which are thought to be closely related to dopaminergic dysfunction. Although the molecular mechanism of their actions has not been fully investigated, a major participant in the process is aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR. This study focused on the effect of 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD exposure on the regulation of TH, a rate-limiting enzyme of dopamine synthesis, gene expression by AhR. Methods N2a-R? cells were established by transfecting murine neuroblastoma Neuro2a with the rat AhR cDNA. TH expression induced by TCDD was assessed by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Participation of AhR in TCDD-induced TH gene expression was confirmed by suppressing AhR expression using the siRNA method. Catecholamines including dopamine were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. A reporter gene assay was used to identify regulatory motifs in the promoter region of TH gene. Binding of AhR with the regulatory motif was confirmed by an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA. Results Induction of TH by TCDD through AhR activation was detected at mRNA and protein levels. Induced TH protein was functional and its expression increased dopamine synthesis. The reporter gene assay and EMSA indicated that AhR directly regulated TH gene expression. Regulatory sequence called aryl hydrocarbon receptor responsive element III (AHRE-III was identified upstream of the TH gene from -285 bp to -167 bp. Under TCDD exposure, an AhR complex was bound to AHRE-III as well as the xenobiotic response element (XRE, though AHRE-III was not identical to XRE, the conventional AhR-binding motif. Conclusion Our results suggest TCDD directly regulate the dopamine system by TH gene transactivation via an AhR-AHRE-III-mediated pathway. The AhR- mediated pathway could have a particular AhR-mediated genomic control pathway transmitting the effects of TCDD action to target cells in the development of dopaminergic disabilities.

  9. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT THIOSEMICARBAZONE COMPOUNDS AGAINST MICROBIAL PATHOGENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Negi Parul

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Thiosemicarbazone belongs to a large group of thiourea derivatives, whose biological activities are a function of parent aldehyde or ketone moiety. They have been evaluated over the last 50 year as antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, antimalarial, anticancer, leprosy, rheumatism, trypanosomiasis and coccidiodis. Thiosemicarbazones were prepared by simple process in which N4-thiosemicarbazone moiety was replaced by aliphatic, arylic and cyclic amines. Present study reported the anti-microbial activity of different thiosemicarbazone compounds against certain bacterial and fungal pathogens viz. Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Moraxella cattarhalis, Staph. Saprophyticus, Candida albicans and Aspergillus flavans.

  10. Synthesis and Antifungal Activity of Some New Guanidines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puran Chandra Joshi

    1979-10-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of some N-subsituted -N'-aryl-N"-ethyl/benzyl guanidines (II and (III and their precurser thiocarbamides (I has been carried out. All these compounds have been screened in vitro for their antifungal activity against Helminthosporium oryzae, Drechlere papendor fii and Alternaria alternata. In general, N-substituted-N'aryl-N"benzyl guanidines except N-(p-pyrolidinopropoxyphenyl-N'-p-tolyl-N"-benzyl guanidine possess high antifungal activity against all the test fungi at concentration 2% and comparatively less at 0.2% None of these compounds exhibit fungicidal activity at lower concentrations (0.02 and 0.002%.

  11. Catalytic enantioselective arylations: boron to zinc exchange as a powerful tool for the generation of transferable aryl groups

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Márcio W., Paixão; Antonio L., Braga; Diogo S., Lüdtke.

    Full Text Available A transmetalação entre boro e zinco apresenta uma grande importância para diversas aplicações em síntese orgânica, uma vez que permite a formação de novas ligações carbono-carbono entre reagentes organometálicos e espécies eletrofílicas. A arilação direta de aldeídos e, mais raramente de cetonas, de [...] maneira catalítica e enantiosseletiva, empregando catalisadores quirais, têm sido descrita recentemente. Os diaril metanóis opticamente enriquecidos, obtidos nessas reações são precursores valiosos para a síntese de moléculas bioativas. O presente trabalho apresenta uma revisão sobre essa crescente área de atuação e destaca alguns dos desafios que ainda permanecem. Abstract in english The transmetalation between boron and zinc is of great importance for application in organic synthesis, since it allows the formation of new carbon-carbon bonds between organometallic units and electrophiles. The direct arylation of aldehydes or more scarcely ketones, in a catalytic, enantioselectiv [...] e manner using chiral catalysts has been described recently. The enantiomerically enriched diarylmethanols obtained in these reactions are valuable precursors for important bioactive molecules. This review provides a synopsis of this ever-growing field and highlights some of the challenges that still remain.

  12. Highly Efficient Synthesis of 2-Aryl-3-methoxyacrylates via Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyung Ho; Lee, Chun Ho; Song, Young Seob; Park, No Kyun; Kim, Bum Tae; Heo, Jung Nyoung [Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-02-15

    We have developed a highly efficient and convergent synthesis of 2-aryl-3-methoxyacrylates via the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction of ?-iodo-?-methoxy-acrylate with arylboronic acids. The biological activities of 2-aryl-3-methoxyacrylate derivatives will be reported in due course. The Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction provides a convenient access to the carbon-carbon bond formation with high efficiency. Recently, a number of 2-aryl-3-methoxy-acrylates served as a key scaffold for the development of biologically active pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. Especially, the discovery of the naturally-occurring fungicides, such as strobilurin A and oudemansin A, possessing a ?-methoxyacrylate moiety was immediately seized great attention by industrial research groups to open a new era of the strobilurin family including azoxy-strobin and picoxystrobin.

  13. Intramolecular Direct Arylation of 3-Halo-2-pyrones and 2-Coumarins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Marie-T; Pardo, Leticia M; Prendergast, Aisling M; McGlacken, Gerard P

    2015-11-01

    Direct arylation represents a favorable alternative to traditional cross-coupling and has found widespread use with simple aryls and robust heterocycles. Herein a direct arylation protocol has been optimized and applied to 2-pyrones, which are delicate and privileged biological motifs. Regioselective halogenation at the 3-position allows intramolecular coupling by activation of a pyrone C-Br or C-Cl bond and a phenoxy C-H bond. Importantly, electron-poor phenoxy substrates also worked well. The methodology was extended to 2-coumarins and applied to the synthesis of flemichapparin C and a novel analogue. Deuterium isotope effects, typical of a concerted metalation-deprotonation (CMD) mechanism, were observed in the case of a bromopyrone, but a highly unusual, inverse kinetic isotope effect was evident using a chlorocoumarin, implying that a different mechanism is operating. PMID:26491882

  14. Eco-friendly solvents for palladium-catalyzed desulfitative C-H bond arylation of heteroarenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hfaiedh, Anoir; Yuan, Kedong; Ben Ammar, Hamed; Ben Hassine, Bechir; Soulé, Jean-François; Doucet, Henri

    2015-05-22

    Herein, we report the Pd-catalyzed regioselective direct arylation of heteroarenes in which benzenesulfonyl chlorides are used as coupling partners through a desulfitative cross-coupling that can be performed in diethyl carbonate (DEC) or cyclopentyl methyl ether (CPME) as green and renewable solvents or even in neat conditions instead of dioxane or dimethylacetamide (DMA). Under these solvent conditions, the reaction proceeds with a wide range of heteroarenes. C2- or C5-arylated products were obtained with furan and pyrrole derivatives. Benzofuran was also arylated regioselectively at the C2-position, whereas the reaction proceeds selectively at the C3- or C4-positions if thiophenes and benzothiophenes are used. Moreover, in some cases, especially with 1-methylindole, solvent-free conditions afforded better regioselectivities and/or yields than the reaction performed in the presence of solvents. PMID:25881692

  15. N-aryl pyrrolo-tetrathiafulvalene based ligands: synthesis and metal coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balandier, Jean-Yves; Chas, Marcos; Dron, Paul I; Goeb, Sébastien; Canevet, David; Belyasmine, Ahmed; Allain, Magali; Sallé, Marc

    2010-03-01

    A straightforward general synthetic access to N-aryl-1,3-dithiolo[4,5-c]pyrrole-2-thione derivatives 6 from acetylenedicarbaldehyde monoacetal is depicted. In addition to their potentiality as precursors to dithioalkyl-pyrrole derivatives, thiones 6 are key building blocks to N-aryl monopyrrolo-tetrathiafulvalene (MPTTF) derivatives 10. X-ray structures of four of these thiones intermediates, reminiscent of the corresponding MPTTF derivatives, are provided. When the aryl group is a binding pyridyl unit, the MPTTF derivative 10a can coordinate M(II) salts (M = Pt, Pd). The first examples of metal-directed orthogonal MPTTF-based dimers 11-14, obtained through coordination of 10a to cis-blocked square planar Pt or Pd complexes are described. Studies on the parameters influencing the dimer construction are presented, as well as first recognition properties of the resulting electron-rich clip for C(60). PMID:20143799

  16. Pd-catalyzed Heck reactions of aryl bromides with 1,2-diarylethenes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Limberger, Jones; Poersch, Silvia; Monteiro, Adriano L., E-mail: adriano.monteiro@ufrgs.b [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (LCM/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Lab. of Molecular Catalysis

    2011-07-01

    A catalytic system composed of Pd(OAc){sub 2} and P(o-tol){sub 3} was found to be effective for the Heck reaction of aryl bromides with diarylethylenes. Using K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} as a base and DMF as a solvent, trisubstituted olefins were obtained in good to excellent yields. Aryl bromides containing an electron-withdrawing group in para position were less reactive for the Heck coupling reaction and gave substantial amount of homocoupling by-product suggesting that oxidative addition is not the rate-determining step. Electron withdrawing group substituent in the para position of stilbene affects the regioselectivity of the reaction. In this case, the phenyl group from the Ph-Pd complex migrates preferentially to the same carbon of the double bond to which the phenyl is bonded. Finally, a one pot sequential double Heck arylation of styrene was performed, giving trisubstituted olefin with an overall yield of 73%. (author)

  17. Aromatic stacking interactions govern catalysis in aryl-alcohol oxidase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Patricia; Hernández-Ortega, Aitor; Lucas, Fátima; Carro, Juan; Herguedas, Beatriz; Borrelli, Kenneth W; Guallar, Victor; Martínez, Angel T; Medina, Milagros

    2015-08-01

    Aryl-alcohol oxidase (AAO, EC 1.1.3.7) generates H2 O2 for lignin degradation at the expense of benzylic and other ? system-containing primary alcohols, which are oxidized to the corresponding aldehydes. Ligand diffusion studies on Pleurotus eryngii AAO showed a T-shaped stacking interaction between the Tyr92 side chain and the alcohol substrate at the catalytically competent position for concerted hydride and proton transfers. Bi-substrate kinetics analysis revealed that reactions with 3-chloro- or 3-fluorobenzyl alcohols (halogen substituents) proceed via a ping-pong mechanism. However, mono- and dimethoxylated substituents (in 4-methoxybenzyl and 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohols) altered the mechanism and a ternary complex was formed. Electron-withdrawing substituents resulted in lower quantum mechanics stacking energies between aldehyde and the tyrosine side chain, contributing to product release, in agreement with the ping-pong mechanism observed in 3-chloro- and 3-fluorobenzyl alcohol kinetics analysis. In contrast, the higher stacking energies when electron donor substituents are present result in reaction of O2 with the flavin through a ternary complex, in agreement with the kinetics of methoxylated alcohols. The contribution of Tyr92 to the AAO reaction mechanism was investigated by calculation of stacking interaction energies and site-directed mutagenesis. Replacement of Tyr92 by phenylalanine does not alter the AAO kinetic constants (on 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol), most probably because the stacking interaction is still possible. However, introduction of a tryptophan residue at this position strongly reduced the affinity for the substrate (i.e. the pre-steady state Kd and steady-state Km increase by 150-fold and 75-fold, respectively), and therefore the steady-state catalytic efficiency, suggesting that proper stacking is impossible with this bulky residue. The above results confirm the role of Tyr92 in substrate binding, thus governing the kinetic mechanism in AAO. PMID:25639975

  18. Ralfuranone Is Produced by an Alternative Aryl-Substituted ?-Lactone Biosynthetic Route in Ralstonia solanacearum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauly, Julia; Nett, Markus; Hoffmeister, Dirk

    2014-08-22

    The aryl-substituted ?-lactones ralfuranones A and B were isolated after feeding L-[1-(13)C]-phenylalanine to a liquid culture of the plant pathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum. (13)C NMR analysis demonstrated specific enrichment of the label at position 2 of the ?-lactone. This labeling pattern is consistent with a biosynthetic mechanism that includes direct cyclization of two monomeric phenylpyruvate precursors into an ?,?-substituted lactone, but incompatible with a terphenylquinone intermediate. As the latter was shown as an intermediate in allantofuranone biosynthesis, we conclude that aryl-substituted ?-lactones can be assembled via divergent biosynthetic routes. PMID:25033087

  19. General Approach for Monolayer Formation of Covalently Attached Aryl Groups Through Electrografting of Arylhydrazines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmos, Kristoffer; Iruthayaraj, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    An electrochemical approach is presented for carrying out controlled modification of carbon and metal surfaces with aryl groups through mild anodic oxidation of arylhydrazines. Electrochemical, PM-IRRAS, and ellipsometrical measurements reveal that monolayers are formed, the thickness of which is essentially independent of the substituent, pH, and grafting time and potential. This feature makes the approach very tolerant toward variations in the experimental conditions. Hence, this method should be considered as a strong option if the aim is to form thin, well-defined, and covalently assembled aryl layers on surfaces.

  20. Triarylphosphines as Aryl Donors for Pd(II)-Catalyzed Aromatic Coupling of Oxabenzonorbornadienes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hui; Li, Jixing; Yang, Huameng; Xia, Chungu; Jiang, Gaoxi

    2015-09-18

    A new approach was developed for Pd(II)-catalyzed aromatic coupling of oxabenzonorbornadienes with triarylphosphines as both ligands and aryl donors. Diverse functional groups including halo- (F-, Cl-, and Br-), CF3-, and furyl groups are well tolerated. For unsymmetrical triarylphosphines, the migration ability of aryls is consistent with the electronic property of substituents and maintains the order EDG-Ar > H-Ar > EWD-Ar (EDG means electron-donating group, EWG means electron-withdrawing group). A preliminary mechanistic study was also disclosed. PMID:26382152

  1. Asymmetric synthesis of quaternary aryl amino acid derivatives via a three-component aryne coupling reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Elizabeth P; Jones, Peter; White, Andrew J P; Barrett, Anthony G M

    2011-01-01

    A method was developed for the synthesis of ?-alkyl, ?-aryl-bislactim ethers in good to excellent yields and high diastereoselectivities, consisting of a facile one-pot procedure in which the aryl group is introduced by means of a nucleophilic addition to benzyne and the alkyl group by alkylation of a resultant benzylic anion. Hydrolysis of the sterically less hindered adducts gave the corresponding quaternary amino acids with no racemization, whereas hydrolytic ring opening gave the corresponding valine dipeptides from bulkier bislactims. PMID:22238534

  2. Asymmetric synthesis of quaternary aryl amino acid derivatives via a three-component aryne coupling reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth P. Jones

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A method was developed for the synthesis of ?-alkyl, ?-aryl-bislactim ethers in good to excellent yields and high diastereoselectivities, consisting of a facile one-pot procedure in which the aryl group is introduced by means of a nucleophilic addition to benzyne and the alkyl group by alkylation of a resultant benzylic anion. Hydrolysis of the sterically less hindered adducts gave the corresponding quaternary amino acids with no racemization, whereas hydrolytic ring opening gave the corresponding valine dipeptides from bulkier bislactims.

  3. Polymer compound

    OpenAIRE

    Lange, RFM (Ronald); Meijer, EW

    1995-01-01

    A Polymer compound comprising a polymer (a) that contains cyclic imidesgroups and a polymer (b) that contains monomer groups with a 2,4-diamino-1,3,5-triazine side group. According to the formula (see formula) whereby themole percentage ratio of the cyclic imides groups in the polymer compoundwith respect to the mole percentage of the monomer units with 2,4-diamino-1,3,5-triazine side group in the polymer compound is 0.1-10.0. Preferablypolymer (a) and/or polymer (b) contain styrene and/or al...

  4. Multipurpose Compound

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Specially formulated derivatives of an unusual basic compound known as Alcide may be the answer to effective treatment and prevention of the disease bovine mastitis, a bacterial inflammation of a cow's mammary gland that results in loss of milk production and in extreme cases, death. Manufactured by Alcide Corporation the Alcide compound has killed all tested bacteria, virus and fungi, shortly after contact, with minimal toxic effects on humans or animals. Alcide Corporation credits the existence of the mastitis treatment/prevention products to assistance provided the company by NERAC, Inc.

  5. Synthesis of 4-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1-indeno[1,2-]pyrimidines by Biginelli condensation and their antibacterial activities

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ramandeep Kaur; Monika Bansal; Balbir Kaur; Tulika Mishra; Aruna Bhatia

    2011-07-01

    A simple and efficient method has been developed for the synthesis of series of 4-aryl-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-2-indeno[1,2-]pyrimidine-2-thiones through Biginelli’s one-pot multicomponent condensation reaction via microwave irradiations. Then, these thiones were converted to their S-alkylated/aralkylated derivatives. The prepared heterocyclic products were structurally confirmed by analytical and spectral data and evaluated for their antibacterial activities. The results showed that this skeletal framework exhibited marked potency as antibacterial agents. The compound 2-(Ethylthio)-4-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1-indeno[1,2-]pyrimidines 4b have shown antibacterial activity towards all the seven clinical isolates used.

  6. Synthesis and serotonin transporter activity of 1,3-bis(aryl)-2-nitro-1-propenes as a new class of anticancer agents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McNamara, Yvonne M.; Cloonan, Suzanne M.

    2011-01-01

    Structural derivatives of 4-MTA, an illegal amphetamine analogue have been previously shown to have anticancer effects in vitro. In this study we report the synthesis of a series of novel 1,3-bis(aryl)-2-nitro-1-propene derivatives related in structure to 4-MTA. A number of these compounds containing a classic nitrostyrene structure are shown to have antiproliferative activities in vitro in a range of malignant cell lines, particularly against Burkitt’s lymphoma derived cell lines, whilst having no effect on ‘normal’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Such effects appear to be independent of the serotonin transporter, a high affinity target for amphetamines and independent of protein tyrosine phosphatases and tubulin dynamics both of which have been previously associated with nitrostyrene-induced cell death. We demonstrate that a number of these compounds induce caspase activation, PARP cleavage, chromatin condensation and membrane blebbing in a Burkitt’s lymphoma derived cell line, consistent with these compounds inducing apoptosis in vitro. Although no specific target has yet been identified for the action of these compounds, the cell death elicited is potent, selective and worthy of further investigation.

  7. 1-Aryl-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propan-1-ol esters: synthesis, anti-Candida potential and molecular modeling studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background An increased incidence of fungal infections, both invasive and superficial, has been witnessed over the last two decades. Candida species seem to be the main etiology of nosocomial fungal infections worldwide with Candida albicans, which is commensal in healthy individuals, accounting for the majority of invasive Candida infections with about 30-40% of mortality. Results New aromatic and heterocyclic esters 5a-k of 1-aryl-3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propan-1-ols 4a-d were successfully synthesized and evaluated for their anti-Candida potential. Compound 5a emerged as the most active congener among the newly synthesized compounds 5a-k with MIC value of 0.0833 ?mol/mL as compared with fluconazole (MIC value >1.6325 ?mol/mL). Additionally, molecular modeling studies were conducted on a set of anti-Candida albicans compounds. Conclusion The newly synthesized esters 5a-k showed more potent anti-Candida activities than fluconazole. Compounds 7 and 8 revealed significant anti-Candida albicans activity and were able to effectively satisfy the proposed pharmacophore geometry, using the energy accessible conformers (Econf?

  8. Palladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of (Hetero)Aryl Alkyl Sulfones from (Hetero)Aryl Boronic Acids, Unactivated Alkyl Halides, and Potassium Metabisulfite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shavnya, Andre; Hesp, Kevin D; Mascitti, Vincent; Smith, Aaron C

    2015-11-01

    A palladium-catalyzed one-step synthesis of (hetero)aryl alkyl sulfones from (hetero)arylboronic acids, potassium metabisulfite, and unactivated or activated alkylhalides is described. This transformation is of broad scope, occurs under mild conditions, and employs readily available reactants. A stoichiometric experiment has led to the isolation of a catalytically active dimeric palladium sulfinate complex, which was characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. PMID:26383866

  9. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation and developmental toxicity in zebrafish in response to soil extracts containing unsubstituted and oxygenated PAHs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wincent, Emma; Jönsson, Maria E; Bottai, Matteo; Lundstedt, Staffan; Dreij, Kristian

    2015-03-17

    Many industrial sites are polluted by complex mixtures of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs). Besides polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), these mixtures often contain significant amounts of more polar PACs including oxygenated PAHs (oxy-PAHs). The effects of oxy-PAHs are, however, poorly known. Here we used zebrafish embryos to examine toxicities and transcriptional changes induced by PAC containing soil extracts from three different industrial sites: a gasworks (GAS), a former wood preservation site (WOOD), and a coke oven (COKE), and to PAH and oxy-PAH containing fractions of these. All extracts induced aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr)-regulated mRNAs, malformations, and mortality. The WOOD extract was most toxic and the GAS extract least toxic. The extracts induced glutathione transferases and heat shock protein 70, suggesting that the toxicity also involved oxidative stress. With all extracts, Ahr2-knock-down reduced the toxicity, indicating a significant Ahr2-dependence on the effects. Ahr2-knock-down was most effective with the PAH fraction of the WOOD extract and with the oxy-PAH fraction of the COKE extract. Our results indicate that oxy-PAH containing mixtures can be as potent Ahr activators and developmental toxicants as PAHs. In addition to Ahr activating potency, the profile of cytochrome P4501 inhibitors may also determine the toxic potency of the extracts. PMID:25715055

  10. Inhibition of mucin glycosylation by aryl-N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminides in human colon cancer cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Specific inhibitors of the glycosylation of O-glycosidically linked glycoproteins have not previously been described. When tested for their effects on mucin glycosylation in a mucin-producing colon cancer cell line, LS174T, benzyl-, phenyl-, and p-nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminide inhibited the formation of fully glycosylated mucin in a dose-dependent manner. Free aryl-oligosaccharides were found in the medium of treated cells labeled with [3H]glucosamine, [3H]galactose, [3H]fucose, [3H]mannosamine, or phenyl-alpha-[6-3H] N-acetylgalactosamine. UDP-Gal:GalNAc-beta 1,3-galactosyltransferase was inhibited by aryl-N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminides but not by a number of other aryl-glycosides. Treatment with these inhibitors also causes reversible morphologic changes including formation of intercellular cysts. Aryl-N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminides can be useful for the structural and functional studies of mucin macromolecules and other O-linked glycoproteins

  11. Novel synthesis of primary arylamides from aryl methyl ketone oxidations using iodine in aqueous ammonia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Norma A., Angeles; Felipe, Villavicencio; Carlos, Guadarrama; David, Corona; Erick, Cuevas-Yañez.

    Full Text Available Arilamidas primárias foram obtidas em bons rendimentos quando diversas arilmetilcetonas foram tratadas com iodo em amônia aquosa a temperatura ambiente. [...] Abstract in english Primary arylamides were obtained when several aryl methyl ketones were treated with iodine in aqueous ammonia at room temperature in goods yields. [...

  12. Telescoped approach to aryl hydroxymethylation in the synthesis of a key pharmaceutical intermediate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, Catherine N; Deasy, Rebecca E; Maguire, Anita R; Kopach, Michael E; Singh, Utpal K; Argentine, Mark D; Trankle, William G; Scherer, Roger Brian; Moynihan, Humphrey

    2013-06-21

    An efficient synthetic approach leading to introduction of the hydroxymethyl group to an aryl moiety via combination of the Bouveault formylation and hydride reduction has been optimized using a rational, mechanistic-based approach. This approach enabled telescoping of the two steps into a single efficient process, readily amenable to scaleup. PMID:23718859

  13. Palladium-catalyzed carbonylative sonogashira coupling of aryl bromides using near stoichiometric carbon monoxide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neumann, Karoline T.; Laursen, Simon R.

    2014-01-01

    A general procedure for the palladium-catalyzed carbonylative Sonogashira coupling of aryl bromides is reported, using near stoichiometric amounts of carbon monoxide. The method allows a broad substrate scope in moderate to excellent yields. The formed alkynone motive serves as a platform for synthesis of various heterocyclic structures, including pyrimidines. Furthermore, the presented strategy allows effective 13C labeling.

  14. Switching the regioselectivity of direct C-H arylation of 1,3-dimethyluracil.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    ?er?ová, Miroslava; Pohl, Radek; Hocek, Michal

    -, ?. 22 (2009), s. 3698-3701. ISSN 1434-193X R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06077 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : pyrimidines * C-H arylation * palladium Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.096, year: 2009

  15. Synthesis and characterization of bis-N-2-aryl triazole as a fluorophore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yanwei; Ye, Xiaohan; Petersen, Jeffery L; Li, Minyong; Shi, Xiaodong

    2015-04-01

    Naphthalene-bridged bis-triazole (NBT) complexes were prepared and characterized for investigation of their photophysical properties. Unlike our previously reported N-2-aryl triazoles, which gave strong emissions through the planar intramolecular charge transfer mechanism (coplanar conformation), this newly developed NBT adopted a noncoplanar conformation between triazole and naphthalene, achieving fluorescence through twisted intramolecular charge transfer. PMID:25763930

  16. Smoke carcinogens cause bone loss through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and induction of CYP1 enzymes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smoking is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fracture. Here, we show that smoke toxins and environmental chemicals such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-pdioxin (TCDD), and 3-methyl cholanthrene, which are well known aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonists, induce osteocla...

  17. Activation of aryl thiocyanates followed by aryne insertion: access to 1,2-thiobenzonitriles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawliczek, Martin; Garve, Lennart K B; Werz, Daniel B

    2015-04-01

    Palladium-catalyzed activation of carbon-sulfur bonds allows aryne insertion into aryl thiocyanates to generate new C-SAr and C-CN bonds in one step. The readily available starting materials make this method efficient in generating a variety of 1,2-thiobenzonitriles. By choosing an oxygen atmosphere the yields are increased and side reactions are minimized. PMID:25775431

  18. Magnetic silica supported palladium catalyst: synthesis of allyl aryl ethers in water

    Science.gov (United States)

    A simple and benign procedure for the synthesis of aryl allyl ethers has been developed using phenols, allyl acetates and magnetically recyclable silica supported palladium catalyst in water; performance of reaction in air and easy separation of the catalyst using an external mag...

  19. Stereoselective Synthesis of 2-Deoxy-?-Glycosides Using Anomeric O-Alkylation/Arylation

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, William J.; Shair, Matthew David

    2009-01-01

    Anomeric O-alkylation/arylation is applied to the synthesis of 2-deoxy-?-glycosides. Treatment of lactols with NaH in dioxane followed by the addition of electrophiles leads to the formation of 2-deoxy-?-glycosides in high yield and high selectivity. The high ?-selectivity observed here demonstrates a powerful stereoelectronic effect for the stereoselective formation of acetals under kinetic control.

  20. Access to aryl mellitic acid esters through a surprising oxidative esterification reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geraskina, Margarita R; Juetten, Mark J; Winter, Arthur H

    2014-06-01

    A serendipitously discovered oxidative esterification reaction of cyclohexane hexacarboxylic acid with phosphorus pentachloride and phenols provides one-pot access to previously unknown aryl mellitic acid esters. The reaction features a solvent-free digestion and chromatography-free purifications and demonstrates the possibility of cyclohexane-to-benzene conversions under relatively mild, metal-free conditions. PMID:24815576

  1. Ortho C?H Acylation of Aryl Iodides by Palladium/Norbornene Catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Zhe; Wang, Jianchun; Ren, Zhi; Dong, Guangbin

    2015-10-19

    Reported herein is a palladium/norbornene-catalyzed ortho-arene acylation of aryl iodides by a Catellani-type C?H functionalization. This transformation is enabled by isopropyl carbonate anhydrides, which serve as both an acyl cation equivalent and a hydride source. PMID:26333071

  2. La2O3 Catalyzed C–C Coupling of Aryl Iodides and Boronic Acids

    OpenAIRE

    Payal Malik; Debashis Chakraborty

    2012-01-01

    An efficient La2O3-catalyzed new route for the carbon-carbon bond formation in particular, symmetrical and unsymmetrical biphenyls has been developed, which proceeds through carbon-carbon coupling reaction of aryl iodides with boronic acids. The reaction provided the desired products in moderate-to-good yields with a wide range of functional group tolerance.

  3. New class of 8-aryl-7-deazaguanine cell permeable fluorescent probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhimitruka, Ilirian; Eubank, Timothy D; Gross, Amy C; Khramtsov, Valery V

    2015-10-15

    A one step synthesis of fluorescent 8-aryl-(7-deazaguanines) has been accomplished. Probes exhibit blue to green high quantum yield fluorescence in a variety of organic and aqueous solutions, high extinction coefficients, and large Stokes shifts often above 100nm. The probes are highly cell permeable, and exhibit stable bright fluorescence once intracellular; therefore are suited to the design of biosensors. PMID:26320620

  4. Magnetic Silica Supported Copper: A Modular Approach to Aqueous Ullmann-type Amination of Aryl Halides

    Science.gov (United States)

    One-pot synthesis of magnetic silica supported copper catalyst has been described via in situ generated magnetic silica (Fe3O4@SiO2); the catalyst can be used for the efficacious amination of aryl halides in aqueous medium under microwave irradiation.

  5. Efficient synthesis of new 1-[Alkyl(aryl)]-5-(3,3,3-trihalo-2-oxopropylidene)pyrrolidin-2-ones

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alex F. C., Flores; Darlene C., Flores; Graciela, Oliveira; Lucas, Pizzuti; Rubia M. S. da, Silva; Marcos A. P., Martins; Helio G., Bonacorso.

    Full Text Available Este trabalho mostra a síntese, em bons rendimentos (57-95%), de duas séries de 1-alquil(aril)amino-2-oxo-5-(2-oxo-3,3,3-trialopropiliden)-pirrolidinas 5 e 6, a partir dos intermediários 4-[alquil(aril)amino]-6-oxo-7,7,7-trialo-4-hepteno-atos de metila 3 e 4 obtidos por substituição da metoxila-beta [...] nos precursores 4-metoxi-6-oxo-7,7,7-trialo-4-heptenoatos de metila 1 e 2, pela série de aminas primárias RNH2, onde R = PhCH2, PhCH2CH2, Ph, 4-MeC6H4, 4-MeOC6H4, 4-ClC6H4, 4-BrC6H4, 2-piridnil, 5-metil-3-isoxazolil, 4-NH2C6H4. A estrutura molecular dos produtos inéditos foi atribuída a partir dos dados de RMN ¹H, 13C e espectrometria de massas. A configuração geométrica dos compostos 3d e 5b foi confirmada pelos dados de difração de raios-X em monocristal. Abstract in english Reactions of methyl 4-methoxy-6-oxo-7,7,7-trihalo-4-heptenoates 1 and 2 with primary amines RNH2, where R = PhCH2, PhCH2CH2, Ph, 4-MeC6H4, 4-MeOC6H4, 4-ClC6H4, 4-BrC6H4, 2-pyridyl, 5-methyl-3-isoxazolyl, 4-NH2C6H4 affording methyl 4-[alkyl(aryl)amino]-6-oxo-7,7,7-trihalo-4-heptenoates 3, 4, in good [...] yields (57-95%), which suffer quantitative intramolecular cyclocondensation to produce 1-alkyl(aryl)-5-(2-oxo-3,3,3-trihalopropylidene)pyrrolidin-2-ones 5, 6, are reported. The structures of the isolated new products were assigned by means of ¹H,13C NMR measurements and mass spectrometry. The Z and E configuration of compounds 3d and 5b respectively were established from X-ray crystallography.

  6. Magnesium compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, D.A.

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, seawater and natural brines accounted for 51% of US magnesium compounds production. World magnesia production was estimated to be 14.5 Mt. Most of the production came from China, North Korea, Russia and Turkey. Although no specific production figures are available, Japan and the United States are estimated to account for almost one-half of the world's capacity from seawater and brines.

  7. Dioxin-like activity of environmental compounds in human blood and environmental samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Long, Manhai; Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Eva Cecilie

    2012-01-01

    Dioxins and dioxin-like (DL) compounds are some of the most toxic chemicals being highly persistent in the environment. The toxicological effects of dioxins are mediated via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Compounds of diverse structure and lipophility can bind and activate AhR. The AhR transactivation bioassay is utilized in an array of projects to study the AhR-mediated activities of individual chemicals and mixtures and for epidemiological purposes. This review summarizes a series of stu...

  8. Pd(OAc)2/DPPF-catalysed microwave-assisted cyanide-free synthesis of aryl nitriles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dinesh N Sawant; Bhalchandra M Bhanage

    2014-03-01

    This study reports microwave-assisted cyanide-free synthesis of aryl nitriles from aryl halides using palladium acetate/1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene as a new catalyst system. Reported protocol is a rapid, cyanide-free, single step reaction, wherein formamide acts as a solvent as well as a source of cyanide. The use of microwave increases the rate of reaction substantially and it was observed that aryl nitriles can be synthesised in 50 min of microwave irradiation compared to conventional thermal heating protocol which requires 48 h.

  9. 2,2- and 2,6-Diarylpiperidines by aryl migration within lithiated urea derivatives of tetrahydropyridines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tait, Michael B; Butterworth, Sam; Clayden, Jonathan

    2015-03-01

    2-Aryltetrahydropyridines formed by anionic cyclization or ring-closing metathesis were converted to their N'-aryl urea derivatives. Depending on the position of the unsaturation within the tetrahydropyridine ring, metalation by deprotonative lithiation or carbolithiation led to migration of the N'-aryl substituent to the 2- or 6-position via intramolecular nucleophilic attack of a benzylic organolithium on the aryl ring. The products are a range of 2,2-, 2,2,3-, and 2,6-polysubstituted piperidine derivatives. Related chemistry was observed in pyrroline homologues. PMID:25692395

  10. Oxidative phosphonylation of aromatic compounds

    OpenAIRE

    Effenberger, Franz; Kottmann, Hariolf

    1985-01-01

    Aryl phosphonates can be prepared in good yield from the respective arenes and tri- or dialkyphosphites by either chemical or anodic oxidation. The anodic oxidation proceeds either via phosphinium radical cations, which then attack the arenes electrophilically, or via arene radical cations, which add the trialkylphosphite as nucleophile. Aryl phosphonates are also obtained in good yield by chemical oxidation with peroxodisulfate/AgNO3 in acetonitrile/water or glacial acetic acid. The diethylp...

  11. Secondary effects of catalytic diesel particulate filters: reduced aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity of the exhaust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenger, Daniela; Gerecke, Andreas C; Heeb, Norbert V; Zennegg, Markus; Kohler, Martin; Naegeli, Hanspeter; Zenobi, Renato

    2008-04-15

    Diesel exhaust contains numerous toxic substances that show different modes of action such as triggering aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated pathways. We investigated AhR-mediated activity of exhaust generated by a heavy-duty diesel engine operated with or without iron- or copper/iron-catalyzed diesel particulate filters (DPFs). AhR agonists were quantified using the DR-CALUX reporter gene assay (exposure of cells for 24 h). We found 54-60 ng 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin CALUX equivalents (TCDD-CEQs) per m3 of exhaust in unfiltered samples and 6-16 ng TCDD-CEQ m3 in DPF-treated samples. DPF applications decreased TCDD-CEQ concentrations by almost 90%. Concentrations of known AhR agonists were determined with GC/HRMS and converted to TCDD-CEQ concentrations using compound-specific relative potency values. The analyzed nine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the 172,3,7,8-chlorinated dibenzodioxins/furans (23,7,8-PCDD/Fs) contributed only marginally (0.6-1.6%) to the total agonist concentration. However, both DPFs also decreased concentrations of individual PAHs by 7(0-80%. Variation of the assay exposure time (8, 24, 48,72, and 96 h) revealed that AhR-mediated activity decreased over time and reached a plateau after 72 h, which was most likely due to biotransformation of AhR agonists by the exposed H4IIE cells. At the plateau, we measured 1-2 ng TCDD-CEQ m(-3) in both an unfiltered and a filtered exhaust sample. Our findings show that DPFs are a promising technology to detoxify diesel exhaust regarding compounds with AhR-mediated activity. PMID:18497156

  12. Intermediates in the intermolecular, asymmetric Heck arylation of dihydrofurans

    OpenAIRE

    Hii, KK; Claridge, TDW; Brown, JM

    1997-01-01

    Double isomerization results in a Pd alkyl compound with unexpected structure, which is stable until -40, from the reaction of the Pd complex shown on the right with 2,3-dihydrofuran. The course of the asymmetric Heck reaction was followed by NMR spectroscopy. P(a)P(b) = (S)-BINAP.

  13. N-Alkyl/aryl-4-(3-substituted-3-phenylpropyl)piperazine-1-carbothioamide as dual-action vaginal microbicides with reverse transcriptase inhibition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Veenu; Mandalapu, Dhanaraju; Gupta, Sonal; Jangir, Santosh; Kushwaha, Bhavana; Chhonker, Yashpal S; Chandasana, Hardik; Krishna, Shagun; Rawat, Kavita; Krishna, Atul; Singh, Mala; Sankhwar, Satya N; Shukla, Praveen K; Maikhuri, Jagdamba P; Bhatta, Rabi S; Siddiqi, Mohammad I; Tripathi, Rajkamal; Gupta, Gopal; Sharma, Vishnu L

    2015-08-28

    The growing population and health-care burden (due to STIs and HIV) imposes a particular economic crisis over resource-poor countries. Thus a novel approach as vaginal microbicides emerges as integrated tool to control both population and anti-STIs/HIV. Our continued efforts in this field led to the synthesis of fifteen N-alkyl/aryl-4-(3-substituted-3-phenylpropyl) piperazine-1-carbothioamide (12-26) derivatives as topical vaginal microbicides which were evaluated for anti-Trichomonas, spermicidal, antifungal and reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitory activities. All compounds were also tested for preliminary safety through cytotoxicity assays against human cervical cell line (HeLa) and the vaginal flora, Lactobacillus. Docking studies were performed to gain an insight into the binding mode and interactions of the most promising compound 12 [oxo derivative], comprising of reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitory (72.30%), spermicidal (MEC 0.01%), anti-Trichomonas (MIC 46.72 ?M) and antifungal (MIC 9.34-74.8 ?M) activities, along with its hydroxyl (17) and O-alkylated 4-trifluoromethylphenoxy (22) derivative, with similar activities. The stability of compound 12 in simulated vaginal fluid (SVF) and its preliminary in vivo pharmacokinetics performed in female NZ-rabbits signifies its clinical safety in comparison to marketed spermicide Nonoxynol-9. PMID:26209833

  14. Design, Synthesis, Characterization and Anticancer Prope rties of Novel 2-Chloro- N -(Aryl Substituted Acetamide Derivatives of 5-[2-(4- Methoxyphenyl Pyridin-3-yl]-1, 3, 4-Oxadiazole-2-Thiol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adimule Vinayak

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this linear synthesis, novel different 2-chloro N-aryl substitutedacetamide derivatives of 5-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl pyridin-3-yl]-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole-2-thiol have been synthesized and screened for their cytotoxicity on PANC-1, HepG2and MCF7cell lines and obtained the IC50and CC50values.All the synthesized compounds were characterized by LCMS, IR, 1H and 13C (proton and Carbon 13 spectroscopies and elemental analysis. These compounds were evaluated for invitroanticancer activity on three different human leukemic cell lines, namely PANC-1,HepG2and MCF7.In total five compounds were synthesized and studied for their MTT assay. Among five synthesized novel compounds, the compound N-[5-(4-Methoxy-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl]-2-{5-[2-(4-methoxy-phenyl-pyridin-3-yl][1,3,4]oxadiazol-2 ylsulfanyl}-acetamide6eis highly cytotoxic on PANC-1and HepG2cell lines having IC50of 4.6?M and 2.2?M respectively whereas the compound 6cis moderately cytotoxic on MCF7having IC5015.5?M respectively. Rest all the compounds showed less cytotoxicity on all the three cell lines as compared with the standard 5-FU.

  15. A simple and facile Heck-type arylation of alkenes with diaryliodonium salts using magnetically recoverable Pd-catalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Heck-type arylation of alkenes was achieved in aqueous polyethylene glycol using a magnetically recoverable heterogenized palladium catalyst employing diaryliodonium salts under ambient conditions. The benign reaction medium and the stability of the catalyst are the salient f...

  16. Cooperative effect of silver in copper-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of aryl iodides using Me3SiCF3

    KAUST Repository

    Weng, Zhiqiang

    2011-06-13

    An effective model of cooperative effect of silver for the coppercatalyzed trifluoromethylation of activated and unactivated aryl iodides to trifluoromethylated arenes using Me3SiCF3 was achieved with a broad substrate scope. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

  17. Selective synthesis of either isoindole- or isoindoline-1-carboxylic acid esters by Pd(0)-catalyzed enolate arylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solé, Daniel; Serrano, Olga

    2010-09-17

    Two efficient palladium-catalyzed intramolecular ?-arylation reactions of ?-amino acid esters have been developed that allow either 1-isoindolecarboxylic acid esters or the corresponding isoindolines to be selectively synthesized simply by a slight change of reaction conditions. PMID:20738127

  18. Radical based strategy toward the synthesis of 2,3-dihydrofurans from aryl ketones and aromatic olefins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naveen, Togati; Kancherla, Rajesh; Maiti, Debabrata

    2014-10-17

    A copper-mediated annulation of aryl ketones with a wide range of aromatic olefins has been developed. This strategy allowed convenient access to 2,3-dihydrofuran derivatives. The versatility of the protocol is shown by synthesizing ?-methyl dihydrofurans, which serve as an intermediate for the synthesis of vitamin B1. In addition, the applicability of the protocol in conjugated systems is demonstrated. A radical pathway was presumed and supported for annulation of aryl ketones with olefins. PMID:25275799

  19. Stimulation of aryl metabolite production in the basidiomycete Bjerkandera sp. strain BOS55 with biosynthetic precursors and lignin degradation products.

    OpenAIRE

    Mester, T.; Swarts, H.J.; Romero i Sole, S; De Bont, J A; Field, J.A.

    1997-01-01

    Aryl metabolites are known to have an important role in the ligninolytic system of white rot fungi. The addition of known precursors and aromatic acids representing lignin degradation products stimulated the production of aryl metabolites (veratryl alcohol, veratraldehyde, p-anisaldehyde, and 3-chloro-p-anisaldehyde) in the white rot fungus Bjerkandera sp. strain BOS55. The presence of manganese (Mn) is known to inhibit the biosynthesis of veratryl alcohol (T. Mester, E. de Jong, and J.A. Fie...

  20. Tandem copper (Cu) catalysed N-arylation-vinylogous nitroaldol condensation of 3,5-disubstituted 4-nitropyrazoles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obulesu, Owk; Nanubolu, Jagadeesh Babu; Suresh, Surisetti

    2015-08-14

    A tandem process involving copper catalysed N-arylation and vinylogous nitroaldol condensation is described. The reaction of 3,5-dialkyl substituted 4-nitropyrazoles and ortho-halo substituted (hetero)aryl aldehydes or ketones furnished 3-nitropyrazolo[1,5-a]quinoline and heteroaryl-fused 3-nitropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine derivatives in moderate to high yields. PMID:26135392

  1. Phosphane-free Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of aryl imidazolesulfonates with arylboronic acids and potassium aryltrifluoroborates under aqueous conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Cívicos García, José Francisco; Gholinejad, Mohammad; Alonso Velasco, Diego Antonio; Nájera Domingo, Carmen

    2011-01-01

    Aryl imidazole-1-sulfonates are efficiently cross-coupled with arylboronic acids and potassium aryltrifluoroborates using only 0.5 mol % of oxime palladacycles 1 under aqueous conditions at 110 °C. Under these simple phosphane-free reaction conditions a wide array of biaryl derivatives has been prepared in high yields. This methodology allows in situ phenol sulfonation and one-pot Suzuki arylation as well as the employment of microwave irradiation conditions.

  2. N-Heterocyclic carbene–palladium(II-1-methylimidazole complex catalyzed Mizoroki–Heck reaction of aryl chlorides with styrenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Ting Gao

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A well-defined N-heterocyclic carbene–palladium(II-1-methylimidazole [NHC-Pd(II-Im] complex 1 was found to be an effective catalyst for the Mizoroki–Heck reaction of a variety of aryl chlorides with styrenes. Both activated and deactivated aryl chlorides work well to give the corresponding coupling products in good to excellent yields by using tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB as the ionic liquid.

  3. Enantioselective 1,2-Difunctionalization of Dienes Enabled by Chiral Palladium Complex-Catalyzed Cascade Arylation/Allylic Alkylation Reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiang; Lin, Hua-Chen; Li, Ming-Li; Li, Lu-Lu; Han, Zhi-Yong; Gong, Liu-Zhu

    2015-10-28

    A Pd-catalyzed highly enantioselective three-component coupling of 1,3-dienes with aryl iodines and sodium dialkyl malonates has been successfully established by using a H8-BINOL-based phosphoramidite ligand. This reaction proceeded via a Pd-catalyzed cascade arylation and asymmetric allylic alkylation reaction, providing an efficient strategy for the enantioselective 1,2-difunctionalization of 1,3-dienes. PMID:26437362

  4. Rh(I)-Catalyzed Arylation of Heterocycles via C-H Bond Activation: Expanded Scope Through Mechanistic Insight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, Jared; Berman, Ashley; Bergman, Robert; Ellman, Jonathan

    2007-07-18

    A practical, functional group tolerant method for the Rh-catalyzed direct arylation of a variety of pharmaceutically important azoles with aryl bromides is described. Many of the successful azole and aryl bromide coupling partners are not compatible with methods for the direct arylation of heterocycles using Pd(0) or Cu(I) catalysts. The readily prepared, low molecular weight ligand, Z-1-tert-butyl-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrophosphepine, which coordinates to Rh in a bidentate P-olefin fashion to provide a highly active yet thermally stable arylation catalyst, is essential to the success of this method. By using the tetrafluoroborate salt of the corresponding phosphonium, the reactions can be assembled outside of a glove box without purification of reagents or solvent. The reactions are also conducted in THF or dioxane, which greatly simplifies product isolation relative to most other methods for direct arylation of azoles employing high-boiling amide solvents. The reactions are performed with heating in a microwave reactor to obtain excellent product yields in two hours.

  5. Different regulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-regulated genes in response to dioxin in undifferentiated and neuronally differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imran, Saima; Ferretti, Patrizia; Vrzal, Radim

    2015-11-01

    Some environmental pollutants derived from industrial processes have been suggested to be responsible for neurological impairment in children, especially in heavily polluted areas. Since these compounds are usually activators of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), it would be important to better understand the molecular pathways downstream of AhR leading to neural deficits. To this purpose, appropriate in vitro human neural model is much needed. Here we have investigated whether undifferentiated and neuronally differentiated human neuroblastoma cells, SH-SY5Y cells, can provide a suitable model for monitoring AhR activity induced by environmental pollutants, focusing on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlordibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a known activator of AhR. Further characterization of differentiated SH-SY5Y showed an increase in AhRR (aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor), no change in ARNT1 (AhR nuclear translocator 1), and a decrease in ARNT2 expression with differentiation; in contrast, AhR was undetectable in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells. Nonetheless, treatment of parental as well as differentiated SH-SY5Y cells with TCDD resulted in the induction of AhR-regulated genes, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1; AhRR expression was also affected, but to a much smaller extent. These results indicate that undifferentiated SH-SY5Y are less sensitive to TCDD than neuronally differentiated ones, suggesting a higher resistance of the undifferentiated tumor cells to toxic insults. They also suggest that TCDD in these cells may not act via direct activation of AhR that is undetectable in SH-SY5Y as well as in differentiated neurons. Hence, these cells do not provide an appropriate model for studying ligand-mediated activation of AhR. PMID:26567990

  6. A microwave-assisted facile regioselective Fischer indole synthesis and antitubercular evaluation of novel 2-aryl-3,4-dihydro-2H-thieno[3,2-b]indoles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karthikeyan, Subramanian Vedhanarayanan; Perumal, Subbu; Shetty, Krithika Arun; Yogeeswari, Perumal; Sriram, Dharmarajan

    2009-06-01

    A series of novel 2-aryl-3,4-dihydro-2H-thieno[3,2-b]indoles has been synthesised regioselectively in good yields from the reaction of 5-aryldihydro-3(2H)-thiophenones and arylhydrazine hydrochloride. This reaction is found to be assisted by microwaves. The thieno[3,2-b]indoles were evaluated for their in vitro activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB) and multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Among 22 compounds screened, [2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H-thieno[3,2-b]indole] (6t) was found to the most active compound with MIC of 0.4 microg/mL against MTB and MDR-TB. PMID:19403307

  7. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of 2-phenyl-3,5-diphenyl (substituted -6-aryl-3,3a,5,6-tetrahydro-2h-pyrazolo[3,4-d]thiazoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahu S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A series of Schiff?s bases have been prepared by condensation of substituted benzaldehydes with primary arylamines and the corresponding 4-thiazolidinones have been prepared by the reaction of Schiff?s bases with thioglycolic acid in benzene. The resulting 4-thiazolidinones on reaction with substituted benzaldehydes in anhydrous sodium acetate by Knoevenagel?s condensation have afforded 2-phenyl(substituted-3-aryl-5-benzilidine(substituted thiazolidine-4-ones, which on cyclization with phenyl hydrazine in anhydrous sodium acetate have furnished the title compounds. The structures have been established on the basis of spectral data. All the compounds have been screened in vitro for their antibacterial activity. The results of antibacterial activity study revealed promising inhibitory activity for 3,3a,5,6-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-d] thiazole derivatives with 4-chloro and 4-nitro phenyl substitutions at 5-position against all the tested strains.

  8. The toxicological effects of halogenated naphthalenes: a review of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated (dioxin-like) relative potency factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falandysz, Jerzy; Fernandes, Alwyn; Gregoraszczuk, Ewa; Rose, Martin

    2014-01-01

    There is no doubt that chloronaphthalenes (PCNs) and their brominated counterparts (PBNs) are dioxin-like compounds, but there is less evidence for mixed bromo/chloronaphthalenes (PXNs). In this article we review information relating to the dioxin-like potency of PCNs and PBNs obtained in vivo, in vitro, and in silico. The aim was to help and improve the quality of data when assessing the contribution of these compounds in the risk analysis of dioxin-like contaminants in foods and other sample types. In vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that PCN/PBN congeners are inducers of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase, ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase, and luciferase enzymes that are features specifically indicative of planar diaromatic halogenated hydrocarbons such as dioxin and dioxin-like compounds. PCNs in the environment are of multisource origin. The limited data on PBNs in the environment suggest that these also appear to originate from different sources. The toxicological data on these compounds is even scarcer, most of it directed toward explaining the exposure risk from accidental contamination of feed with the commercial PBN containing product, Firemaster BP-6. The occurrence of PBNs and PXNs is possible as ultra-trace environmental and food-chain contaminants produced at least from combustion processes at unknown concentrations. Available toxicological and environmental data enable a focus on PCNs as dioxin analogues to an extent that specific local or regional environmental influences could result in a risk to human health. There is the possibility that they may act synergistically with the better-known classic dioxin and other dioxin-like compounds. PBNs and PXNs are much less studied than the dioxins, but are known to be products of anthropogenic processes that contaminate the environment. A continuously increasing use of bromine for manufacture of brominated flame retardants over the past three decades is anticipated as a stream of "brominated" wastes, that when degraded (combusted), will release PBNs and PXNs. This calls for advanced analytical methods and greater interest toxicologically to understand and control pollution and exposure by PBNs and PXNs. Particular congeners of bromonaphthalene in single studies were found to be much more toxic than their chlorinated counterparts. In addition, brominated/chlorinated naphthalenes also seem to be more potent toxicants than PCNs. About 20% of PCN congeners exhibit a dioxin-like toxicity with relative potencies varying between around 0.003 and 0.000001, but additional and more rigorous data are needed to confirm these figures. Recent food surveys have estimated a small but relevant human exposure to these compounds in foods, giving an additional source of dioxin-like toxicity to those compounds already covered by the World Health Organization-Toxic Equivalency Factors (TEFs) scheme. Given the additivity of response postulated for other dioxin-like compounds, it would seem unwise to ignore this additional contribution. Few data available showed that PBN congeners also exhibit a dioxin-like toxicity and are even more potent than PCN congeners, but the relative potency values were not derived for them until now. There are no toxicological data available for PXNs. PMID:25226220

  9. A General Strategy for the Organocatalytic Activation of C–H Bonds via Photoredox Catalysis: The Direct Arylation of Benzylic Ethers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qvortrup, Katrine; Rankic, Danica A.

    2014-01-01

    The direct C–H functionalization and arylation of benzyl ethers has been accomplished via photoredox organocatalysis. The productive merger of a thiol catalyst and a commercially available iridium photoredox catalyst in the presence of household light directly affords benzylic arylation products in good to excellent yield. The utility of this methodology was further demonstrated in the direct arylation of 2,5-dihydrofuran to form a single regioisomer. PMID:24341523

  10. A General Strategy for the Organocatalytic Activation of C–H Bonds via Photoredox Catalysis: The Direct Arylation of Benzylic Ethers

    OpenAIRE

    Qvortrup, Katrine; Rankic, Danica A.; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2013-01-01

    The direct C–H functionalization and arylation of benzyl ethers has been accomplished via photoredox organocatalysis. The productive merger of a thiol catalyst and a commercially available iridium photoredox catalyst in the presence of household light directly affords benzylic arylation products in good to excellent yield. The utility of this methodology was further demonstrated in the direct arylation of 2,5-dihydrofuran to form a single regioisomer.

  11. Antioxidant and DNA damage inhibition activities of 4-Aryl-N-(4-arylthiazol-2-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3,4-oxadiazine-2-carboxamides

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Shubakara; K B Umesha; N Srikantamurthy; J Chethan

    2014-11-01

    A series of 4-aryl--(4-pheny-thiazol-2-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4-1,3,4-oxadiazine-2-carboxamides were synthesized by condensing 4-aryl-5,6-dihydro-4-1,3,4-oxadiazine-2-carboxylic acid with 2-amino-4-aryl-thiazole derivatives. The newly synthesized molecules were characterized by spectral analysis and subjected to antioxidant and DNA damage inhibition studies.

  12. Aryl-derivatized, water-soluble functionalized carbon nanotubes for biomedical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The functionalization of very-thin multi-walled carbon nanotubes (VT-MWNTs) with an aniline derivative, via the protocol of in situ generated aryl diazonium salts results, upon acidic deprotection of the terminal BOC group, on the formation of the water-soluble positively charged ammonium functionalized VT-MWNTs-NH3+ material. The new materials have been structurally and morphologically characterized by infra-red (ATR-IR) spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The quantitative calculation of the grafted aryl units onto the skeleton of VT-MWNTs has been estimated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), while the quantitative Kaiser test showed the amine group loaded onto VT-MWNTs-NH3+ material. The aqueous solubility of this material has allowed the performance of some initial toxicological in vitro investigations

  13. Visible Light Mediated Reductive Cleavage of C-O Bonds Accessing ?-Substituted Aryl Ketones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speckmeier, Elisabeth; Padié, Clément; Zeitler, Kirsten

    2015-10-01

    C-O ?-bonds in multifaceted benzoin derivatives can be effectively cleaved as acetates using catalytic amounts of [Ru(bpy)3]Cl2 as photoredox catalyst in combination with Hantzsch ester and triethylamine as a sacrificial electron donor. This mild and operationally simple method is applicable to a great variety of substrates. Homo- and cross-benzoins, which are easily accessed by NHC (N-heterocyclic carbene) catalysis, with both electron-withdrawing and electron-donating substituents, including aryl halogenides, can be employed. The deoxygenated counterparts are isolated in good to excellent yields. These broadly accessible, ?-substituted (nonsymmetric) aryl ketones are versatilely applicable for further transformations as illustrated by the syntheses of 2-arylbenzofurans. PMID:26372674

  14. Accelerated Submonomer Solid-Phase Synthesis of Peptoids Incorporating Multiple Substituted N-Aryl Glycine Monomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proulx, Caroline; Yoo, Stan; Connolly, Michael D; Zuckermann, Ronald N

    2015-11-01

    N-Aryl glycines are a chemically diverse class of peptoid monomers that have strong structure-inducing propensities. Yet their use has been limited due to the sluggish reactivity of the weakly nucleophilic aniline submonomers. Here, we report up to a 76-fold rate acceleration of the displacement reaction using aniline submonomers in solid-phase peptoid synthesis. This is achieved by adding halophilic silver salts to the displacement reaction, facilitating bromide abstraction and AgBr precipitation. Mechanistic insight derived from analysis of a series of 15 substituted anilines reveals that the silver-mediated reaction proceeds through a transition state that has considerably less positive charge buildup on the incoming nucleophile and an enhanced leaving group. This straightforward enhancement to the submonomer method enables the rapid room temperature synthesis of a wide variety of N-aryl glycine-rich peptoid oligomers, possessing both electron-withdrawing and -donating substituents, in good yields. PMID:26280152

  15. Synthesis, Central Nervous System Activity and Structure-Activity Relationships of Novel 1-(1-Alkyl-4-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo-3-substituted Urea Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El?bieta Szaco?

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A series of 10 novel urea derivatives has been synthesized and evaluated for their central nervous system activity. Compounds 3a–3h were prepared in the reaction between the respective 1-alkyl-4-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-amines 1a and 1b and appropriate benzyl-, phenethyl-isocyanate or ethyl 4-isocyanatobenzoate and ethyl isocyanatoacetate 2 in dichloromethane. Derivatives 4c and 4g resulted from the conversion of 3c and 3g into the respective amides due to action of an aqueous ammonia solution. The results obtained in this study, based on literature data suggest a possible involvement of serotonin system and/or the opioid system in the effects of tested compounds, and especially in the effect of compound 3h. The best activity of compound 3h may be primarily attributed to its favourable ADMET properties, i.e., higher lipophilicity (related to lower polar surface area and greater molecular surface, volume and mass than for other compounds and good blood-brain permeation. This compound has also the greatest polarizability and ovality. The HOMO and LUMO energies do not seem to be directly related to activity.

  16. Oxidative radical arylation of anilines with arylhydrazines and dioxygen from air.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Josefa; Jasch, Hannelore; Heinrich, Markus R

    2014-03-01

    Substituted 2-aminobiphenyls have been prepared from arylhydrazine hydrochlorides and anilines in biphasic radical arylation reactions with dioxygen from air as a most simple and readily available oxidant. Under optimized conditions, the free amino functionality of the aniline leads to high ortho:meta regioselectivities, now even for anilines bearing a donor substituent in the para position. Finally, the mild and metal-free new access to aminobiphenyls was shown to be applicable on a gram scale. PMID:24524356

  17. Corrigendum to Solvent-dependent oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls and styrene

    OpenAIRE

    Casey, Brian M; Eakin, Cynthia A.; Jiao, Jingliang; Sadasivam, Dhandapani V.; Flowers, Robert A.

    2010-01-01

    This report describes the scope and mechanism of the solvent-dependent, chemoselective oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls with styrene using Ce(IV) reagents. Dihydrofuran derivatives are obtained when reactions are performed in methanol whereas nitrate esters can be selectively synthesized in acetonitrile and methylene chloride. Mechanistic studies are consistent with the rate of solvent-assisted deprotonation of a radical cation intermediate playing an integral role in the selectiv...

  18. Solvent-dependent oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls and styrene

    OpenAIRE

    Casey, Brian M; Eakin, Cynthia A.; Jiao, Jingliang; Sadasivam, Dhandapani V.; Flowers, Robert A.

    2009-01-01

    This report describes the scope and mechanism of the solvent-dependent, chemoselective oxidative coupling of 1-aryl-1,3-dicarbonyls with styrene using Ce(IV) reagents. Dihydrofuran derivatives are obtained when reactions are performed in methanol whereas ?-tetralones can be selectively synthesized in acetonitrile and methylene chloride. Mechanistic studies are consistent with the rate of solvent-assisted deprotonation of a radical cation intermediate playing an integral role in the selective ...

  19. An Alternative Synthetic Approach to 3-Alkylated/Arylated 5-Nitropyridines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Song Thi; Asahara, Haruyasu; Nishiwaki, Nagatoshi

    2015-09-01

    An alternative method for the synthesis of 3-alkylated/arylated 5-nitropyridines was developed involving a three-component ring transformation of 3,5-dinitro-2-pyridone on treatment with aldehyde in the presence of ammonium acetate. This method facilitates the modification of the substituent at the 3-position by changing the precursor aldehyde. The use of solid ammonium acetate instead of ammonia as the nitrogen source renders the synthetic method more practical and user-friendly. PMID:26244697

  20. Lineage-dependent effects of aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists contribute to liver tumorigenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Harrill, Joshua A.; Parks, Bethany B; Wauthier, Eliane; Rowlands, J. Craig; Reid, Lola M; Thomas, Russell S.

    2015-01-01

    Rodent cancer bioassays indicate that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist, 2,3,7,8-tetracholorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), causes increases in both hepatocytic and cholangiocytic tumors. Effects of AHR activation have been evaluated on rodent hepatic stem cells (rHpSCs) versus their descendants, hepatoblasts (rHBs), two lineage stages of multipotent, hepatic precursors with overlapping but also distinct phenotypic traits. This was made possible by defining the first successful culture co...

  1. Carbonylative Suzuki Couplings of Aryl Bromides with Boronic Acid Derivatives under Base-Free Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerglund, Klaus Meier; Skrydstrup, Troels

    2014-01-01

    The carbonylative Suzuki-Miyaura reaction between aryl bromides and arylboronic acid equivalents is herein reported, using base-free conditions and a limited excess of carbon monoxide generated ex situ from stable CO. precursors. Under these conditions, unsymmetrical biaryl ketones were obtained in modest to excellent yields. This method was adapted to the synthesis of the triglyceride and cholesterol regulator drug, fenofibrate, and its C-13-labeled derivative in good yields from the appropriate CO-precursor.

  2. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor-induced adrenomedullin mediates cigarette smoke carcinogenicity in humans and mice

    OpenAIRE

    Portal-Nuñez, Sergio; Shankavaram, Uma; Rao, Mahadev; Datrice, Nicole; Scott, Atay; Aparicio, Marta; Camphausen, Kevin A.; Fernández-Salguero, Pedro M.; CHANG, HAN; Lin, Pinpin; Schrump, David S.; Garantziotis, Stavros; Cuttitta, Frank; Zudaire, Enrique

    2012-01-01

    Cigarette smoke (CS) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is partially responsible for tobacco-induced carcinogenesis although the underlying mechanisms involving early effector genes have yet to be determined. Here, we report that adrenomedullin (ADM) significantly contributes to the carcinogenicity of tobacco activated AHR. CS and AHR activating ligands induced ADM in vitro and in vivo but not in AHR-deficient fibroblasts and mice. Ectopic transfection ...

  3. Synthesis and thermal degradation characterization of novel poly(phosphazene-aryl amides)

    OpenAIRE

    Z. P. Zhao; Guo, Q.; Li, X.; Sun, J.L.; Z. J. Nie

    2012-01-01

    New fully aromatic poly(phosphazene-aryl amides) were prepared by polycondensation reaction of our synthesized aromatic diamine: 1,1,3,5-tetraphenoxy-4,6-bis(4-aminophenoxy)oligocyclotriphosphazene (monomer 1) with terephthaloyl dichloride. Their chemical structure and composition were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H and 31P NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), and FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopy, whereas their thermal degradation properties were determined by DSC (Differ...

  4. General Approach for Monolayer Formation of Covalently Attached Aryl Groups Through Electrografting of Arylhydrazines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmos, Kristoffer; Pedersen, Steen U.; Daasbjerg, Kim; Iruthayaraj, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    An electrochemical approach is presented for carrying out controlled modification of carbon and metal surfaces with aryl groups through mild anodic oxidation of arylhydrazines. Electrochemical, PM-IRRAS, and ellipsometrical measurements reveal that monolayers are formed, the thickness of which is essentially independent of the substituent, pH, and grafting time and potential. This feature makes the approach very tolerant toward variations in the experimental conditions. Hence, this method should...

  5. Insulin like growth factor 2 regulation of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in MCF-7 breast cancer cells

    OpenAIRE

    Justin K. Tomblin; Salisbury, Travis B.

    2013-01-01

    Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 and IGF-2 stimulate normal growth, development and breast cancer cell proliferation. Cyclin D1 (CCND1) promotes cell cycle by inhibiting retinoblastoma protein (RB1). The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a major xenobiotic receptor that also regulates cell cycle. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether IGF-2 promotes MCF-7 breast cancer proliferation by inducing AHR. Western blot and quantitative real time PCR (Q-PCR) analysis revealed that IG...

  6. Interactions of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers with the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Pathway

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, A. K.; Nijmeijer, S.; Gradin, K; Backlund, M.; Bergman, Å.; Poellinger, L; Denison, M.S.; van den Berg, M

    2006-01-01

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are brominated flame retardants that have been in use as additives in various consumer products. Structural similarities of PBDEs with other polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons that show affinity for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), such as some polychlorinated biphenyls, raised concerns about their possible dioxin-like properties. We studied the ability of environmentally relevant PBDEs (BDE-47, -99, -100, -153, -154, and -183) and the “planar” co...

  7. Dioxin increases the interaction between aryl hydrocarbon receptor and estrogen receptor alpha at human promoters.

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed S; Valen E; Sandelin A*.; Matthews J.

    2009-01-01

    Recent studies have shown that activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) induced the recruitment of estrogen receptor-? (ER?) to AHR-regulated genes and that AHR is recruited to ER?-regulated genes. However, these findings were limited to a small number of well-characterized AHR- or ER?-responsive genes with little knowledge of what was occurring at other genomic regions. In this study, we showed using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by hybridization to promoter focused microarrays (Ch...

  8. Merging photoredox with nickel catalysis: Coupling of ?-carboxyl sp3-carbons with aryl halides

    OpenAIRE

    Zuo, Zhiwei; Ahneman, Derek T.; Chu, Lingling; Terrett, Jack A.; Doyle, Abigail G.; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 40 years, transition metal catalysis has enabled bond formation between aryl and olefinic (sp2) carbons in a selective and predictable manner with high functional group tolerance. Couplings involving alkyl (sp3) carbons have proven more challenging. Here, we demonstrate that the synergistic combination of photoredox catalysis and nickel catalysis provides an alternative cross-coupling paradigm, in which simple and readily available organic molecules can be systematically used as...

  9. Room-Temperature Decarboxylative Couplings of ?-Oxocarboxylates with Aryl Halides by Merging Photoredox with Palladium Catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Wan-Min; Shang, Rui; Yu, Hai-Zhu; Fu, Yao

    2015-09-14

    Enabled by merging iridium photoredox catalysis and palladium catalysis, ?-oxocarboxylate salts can be decarboxylatively coupled with aryl halides to generate aromatic ketones and amides at room temperature. DFT calculations suggest that this reaction proceeds through a Pd(0) -Pd(II) -Pd(III) pathway, in which the Pd(III) intermediate is responsible for reoxidizing Ir(II) to complete the Ir(III) -*Ir(III) -Ir(II) photoredox cycle. PMID:26230749

  10. Demethylation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor as a biomarker for nascent smokers

    OpenAIRE

    PHILIBERT, ROBERT A.; Beach, Steven R. H.; Brody, Gene H

    2012-01-01

    Epigenetic modifications to peripheral white blood cell DNA occur in response to a wide variety of exposures. In prior work, we and others have shown that broad changes in DNA methylation, particularly at the aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) locus, occur in samples from subjects with long histories of smoking. However, given the large number of epigenetic changes that occur in response to prolonged smoking, the primacy of the response at AHRR and the sensitivity of these changes to ...

  11. The role of endogenous aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling in cardiovascular physiology

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Nan

    2011-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is an orphan nuclear receptor with a primary function of mediating xenobiotic metabolism through transcriptional activation of Phase I and Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes. Although no high-affinity physiological activators of AHR have been discovered, the endogenous signaling of the AHR pathway is believed to play an important role in the development and function of the cardiovascular system, based on the observations on ahr gene-deficient mice. The AHR ...

  12. No evidence of somatic aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein mutations in sporadic endocrine neoplasia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raitila, A; Georgitsi, M; Karhu, A; Tuppurainen, K; Mäkinen, M J; Birkenkamp-Demtröder, K; Salmenkivi, K; Orntoft, T F; Arola, J; Launonen, V; Vahteristo, P; Aaltonen, L A

    2007-01-01

    Germline mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene were recently observed in patients with pituitary adenoma predisposition (PAP). Though AIP mutation-positive individuals with prolactin-, mixed growth hormone/prolactin-, and ACTH-producing pituitary adenomas as well as non-secreting pituitary adenomas have been reported, most mutation-positive patients have had growth hormone-producing adenomas diagnosed at relatively young age. Pituitary adenomas are also compon...

  13. A theoretical mechanistic investigation of asymmetric aziridination by N-Aryl-O-acylhydroxylamines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Humberto T.; Lobo, Ana M.; Prabhakar, Sundaresan; Rzepa, Henry S.

    1995-04-01

    This paper reports a theoretical investigation of the most probable mechanism for the asymmetric aziridination of olefins by N-aryl-O-acylhydroxylamines. The transition states of two possible mechanisms (Scheme 2) were studied. The transition state for pathway 2 (oxaziridine as intermediate) has a lower energy of activation than the energy of the transition state for pathway 1. The anionic transition state of pathway 2 is more stable than the neutral transition state.

  14. Association between aryl hydrocarbon receptor genotype and survival in soft tissue sarcoma

    OpenAIRE

    Matullo, Giuseppe; Vineis, Paolo; Guarrera, Simonetta

    2004-01-01

    PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence shows that germline polymorphisms may affect survival in cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in a group of candidate genes and survival with soft tissue sarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured single nucleotide polymorphisms in the metabolizing, detoxifying, and DNA repair pathways in 120 newly diagnosed patients with soft tissue sarcoma. We assessed polymorphisms in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR-Arg...

  15. [3+2] Cycloadditions of Aryl Cyclopropyl Ketones by Visible Light Photocatalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zhan; Shen, Meihua; Yoon, Tehshik P.

    2011-01-01

    We report a new method for the formal [3+2] reaction of aryl cyclopropyl ketones with olefins to generate highly substituted cyclopentane ring systems. The key initiation step in this process is the one-electron reduction of the ketone to the corresponding radical anion, which is accomplished using a photocatalytic system comprising Ru(bpy)32+, La(OTf)3?, and TMEDA. PMID:21214249

  16. Synthesis of arylated perylene bisimides through C-H bond cleavage under ruthenium catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakazono, Satomi; Easwaramoorthi, Shanmugam; Kim, Dongho; Shinokubo, Hiroshi; Osuka, Atsuhiro

    2009-12-01

    Treatment of perylene bisimide (PBI) with various arylboronates in the presence of a ruthenium catalyst provides tetraarylated PBIs at 2,5,8,11-positions in good yields with perfect regioselectivity. The electronic nature of the introduced aryl substituents has a significant impact on their optical and electronic properties. This protocol has been applied to the synthesis of a water-soluble emissive PBI derivative. PMID:19883116

  17. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand effects in RBL2H3 cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maaetoft-Udsen, Kristina; Shimoda, Lori M. N.; Frøkiær, Hanne; Turner, Helen

    2012-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates toxic effects of dioxin and xenobiotic metabolism. AHR has an emerging role in the immune system, but its physiological ligands and functional role in immunocytes remain poorly understood. Mast cells are immunocytes that are central to inflammatory responses and release a spectrum of pro-inflammatory mediators including histamine, mast cell proteases, and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 upon stimulation. The aim was to investigate the AHR in m...

  18. An organocatalytic oxidative coupling strategy for the direct synthesis of arylated quaternary stereogenic centers.

    OpenAIRE

    Bogle, KM; Hirst, DJ; Dixon, DJ

    2007-01-01

    A broadly applicable oxidative coupling strategy of 3-substituted catechols and carbon-centered pro-nucleophiles for the construction of arylated quaternary stereogenic centers has been developed. Pivoting on a base-catalyzed addition of a carbon-centered acid to an in situ generated o-benzoquinone, the method is general and atom-economical and provides remarkably efficient access to one of the most challenging structural motifs. Furthermore, use of chiral bifunctional organocatalysts allows ...

  19. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor activation by cAMP vs. dioxin: Divergent signaling pathways

    OpenAIRE

    Oesch-Bartlomowicz, Barbara; Huelster, Andrea; Wiss, Oliver; Antoniou-Lipfert, Patricia; Dietrich, Cornelia; Arand, Michael; Weiss, Carsten; Bockamp, Ernesto; Oesch, Franz

    2005-01-01

    Even before the first vertebrates appeared on our planet, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) gene was present to carry out one or more critical life functions. The vertebrate AHR then evolved to take on functions of detecting and responding to certain classes of environmental toxicants. These environmental pollutants include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g., benzo[a]pyrene), polyhalogenated hydrocarbons, dibenzofurans, and the most potent small-molecular-weight toxicant known, 2,3,7,8-...

  20. Nickel-Catalyzed Regiodivergent Opening of Epoxides with Aryl Halides: Co-Catalysis Controls Regioselectivity

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Yang; Daniel J. Weix

    2013-01-01

    Epoxides are versatile intermediates in organic synthesis, but have rarely been employed in cross-coupling reactions. We report that bipyridine-ligated nickel can mediate the addition of functionalized aryl halides, a vinyl halide, and a vinyl triflate to epoxides under reducing conditions. For terminal epoxides, the regioselectivity of the reaction depends upon the co-catalyst employed. Iodide co-catalysis results in opening at the less hindered position via an iodohydrin intermediate. Titan...

  1. Spectral and catalytic properties of aryl-alcohol oxidase, a fungal flavoenzyme acting on polyunsaturated alcohols

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, P.; Medina, M.; Guillén, F.; Martínez, M.J.; Berkel, W.J.H., van; Martínez, A.T.

    2005-01-01

    Spectral and catalytic properties of the flavoenzyme AAO (aryl-alcohol oxidase) from Pleurotus eryngii were investigated using recombinant enzyme. Unlike most flavoprotein oxidases, AAO does not thermodynamically stabilize a flavin semiquinone radical and forms no sulphite adduct. AAO catalyses the oxidative dehydrogenation of a wide range of unsaturated primary alcohols with hydrogen peroxide production. This differentiates the enzyme from VAO (vanillyl-alcohol oxidase), which is specific fo...

  2. Photoinduced intramolecular substitution reaction of aryl halide with carbonyl oxygen of amide group

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Y T; Kim, M S; Kwon, J H

    2002-01-01

    Photoreaction of N-(o-halophenyl)acetamide in basic acetonitrile produces an intramolecular substituted product, 2-methylbenzoxazole in addition to reduced product, acetanilide, whereas photoreaction of N-(o-halobenzyl)acetamide affords a reduced product, N-benzylacetamide only. On the basis of preparative reaction, kinetics, and UV/vis absorption behavior, an electrophilic aromatic substitution of aryl halide with oxygen of its amide bond are proposed.

  3. Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor–Independent Toxicity of Weathered Crude Oil during Fish Development

    OpenAIRE

    Incardona, John P.; Carls, Mark G.; Teraoka, Hiroki; Sloan, Catherine A.; Collier, Tracy K.; Scholz, Nathaniel L.

    2005-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), derived largely from fossil fuels and their combustion, are pervasive contaminants in rivers, lakes, and nearshore marine habitats. Studies after the Exxon Valdez oil spill demonstrated that fish embryos exposed to low levels of PAHs in weathered crude oil develop a syndrome of edema and craniofacial and body axis defects. Although mechanisms leading to these defects are poorly understood, it is widely held that PAH toxicity is linked to aryl hydrocarb...

  4. Structural and enzyme activity studies demonstrate that aryl substituted 2,3-butadienamine analogs inactivate Arthrobacter globiformis amine oxidase (AGAO) by chemical derivatization of the 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (TPQ) cofactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernberg, Karin; Zhong, Bo; Ko, Kristin; Miller, Larry; Nguyen, Yen Hoang le; Sayre, Lawrence M; Guss, J Mitchell; Lee, Irene

    2011-05-01

    Copper amine oxidases (CAOs) are a family of redox active enzymes containing a 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone (TPQ) cofactor generated from post translational modification of an active site tyrosine residue. The Arthrobacter globiformis amine oxidase (AGAO) has been widely used as a model to guide the design and development of selective inhibitors of CAOs. In this study, two aryl 2,3-butadienamine analogs, racemic 5-phenoxy-2,3-pentadienylamine (POPDA) and racemic 6-phenyl-2,3-hexadienylamine (PHDA), were synthesized and evaluated as mechanism-based inactivators of AGAO. Crystal structures show that both compounds form a covalent adduct with the amino group of the substrate-reduced TPQ, and that the chemical structures of the rac-PHDA and rac-POPDA modified TPQ differ by the allenic carbon that is attached to the cofactor. A chemical mechanism accounting for the formation of the respective TPQ derivative is proposed. Under steady-state conditions, no recovery of enzyme activity is detected when AGAO pre-treated with rac-PHDA or rac-POPDA is diluted with excess amount of the benzylamine substrate (100-fold K(m)). Comparing the IC(50) values further reveals that the phenoxy substituent in POPDA offers an approximately 4-fold increase in inhibition potency, which can be attributed to a favourable binding interaction between the oxygen atom in the phenoxy group and the active site of AGAO as revealed by crystallographic studies. This hypothesis is corroborated by the observed >3-fold higher partition ratio of PHDA compared to POPDA. Taken together, the results presented in this study reveal the mechanism by which aryl 2,3-butadienamines act as mechanism-based inhibitors of AGAO, and the potency of enzyme inactivation could be fine-tuned by optimizing binding interaction between the aryl substituent and the enzyme active site. PMID:21215824

  5. Structural and biochemical impact of C8-aryl-guanine adducts within the NarI recognition DNA sequence: influence of aryl ring size on targeted and semi-targeted mutagenicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sproviero, Michael; Verwey, Anne M R; Rankin, Katherine M; Witham, Aaron A; Soldatov, Dmitriy V; Manderville, Richard A; Fekry, Mostafa I; Sturla, Shana J; Sharma, Purshotam; Wetmore, Stacey D

    2014-12-01

    Chemical mutagens with an aromatic ring system may be enzymatically transformed to afford aryl radical species that preferentially react at the C8-site of 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG). The resulting carbon-linked C8-aryl-dG adduct possesses altered biophysical and genetic coding properties compared to the precursor nucleoside. Described herein are structural and in vitro mutagenicity studies of a series of fluorescent C8-aryl-dG analogues that differ in aryl ring size and are representative of authentic DNA adducts. These structural mimics have been inserted into a hotspot sequence for frameshift mutations, namely, the reiterated G3-position of the NarI sequence within 12mer (NarI(12)) and 22mer (NarI(22)) oligonucleotides. In the NarI(12) duplexes, the C8-aryl-dG adducts display a preference for adopting an anti-conformation opposite C, despite the strong syn preference of the free nucleoside. Using the NarI(22) sequence as a template for DNA synthesis in vitro, mutagenicity of the C8-aryl-dG adducts was assayed with representative high-fidelity replicative versus lesion bypass Y-family DNA polymerases, namely, Escherichia coli pol I Klenow fragment exo(-) (Kf(-)) and Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4). Our experiments provide a basis for a model involving a two-base slippage and subsequent realignment process to relate the miscoding properties of C-linked C8-aryl-dG adducts with their chemical structures. PMID:25361967

  6. Unusual selectivity-determining factors in the phosphine-free Heck arylation of allyl ethers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambrogio, I.; Fabrizi, G.

    2008-01-01

    The Heck reaction of aryl iodides and bromides with allyl ethers has been investigated. Using phosphinefree Pd(OAc)(2) in DNIF at 90 degrees C in the presence of Bu4NOAc, the reaction gave cinnamyl derivatives, usually in good to high yields, with a wide range of aryl halides. The reaction tolerates a variety of functional groups, including ether, amide, alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, ester, cyano, carboxylic acid, and nitro groups. Ortho-substituted arylating agents afforded moderate yields in some cases, though good to high yields were obtained with o-iodotoluene, iodovanillin, and 1-iodonaphthalene. Several pieces of experimental evidence suggest that the observed selectivity in formation of the vinylic substitution products is kinetic in origin under these conditions. A DFT investigation has been performed to clarify the source of product selectivity and, in particular, the preference for cinnamyl ether over enol ether products. Interestingly, it was found that the product selectivity does not arise from competing beta-hydride eliminations but rather from a competition between beta-elimination and hindered single-bond rotation in the initial carbopalladation product.

  7. Synthesis and thermal degradation characterization of novel poly(phosphazene-aryl amides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. P. Zhao

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available New fully aromatic poly(phosphazene-aryl amides were prepared by polycondensation reaction of our synthesized aromatic diamine: 1,1,3,5-tetraphenoxy-4,6-bis(4-aminophenoxyoligocyclotriphosphazene (monomer 1 with terephthaloyl dichloride. Their chemical structure and composition were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H and 31P NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, and FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, whereas their thermal degradation properties were determined by DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry and TGA (Thermal Gravimertic Analysis techniques. The solid residues of all samples were analysed by FT-IR and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy. Compared to conventional PPTA (poly(p-phenylene terephthamide, PPAA (poly(phosphazene-aryl amide shows excellent thermal stability and solubility in polar protic solvents. All poly(phosphazene-aryl amides show two thermal degradation in the temperature range 150–600°C. The monomer 1, due to its structure, shows the first maximum rate of thermal decomposition temperature around 150–350°C, which may be due to the decomposition of the P–O–C bone. Morphology of the solid residues by Scanning Electron Microscope exhibit that the granular of the solid residues gradual disappearance with the increase of monomer 1 content. The surface layer of PPAA solid residues has been grumous, for the syneresis of P–O–P took place.

  8. 4-Aryl-3,5-bis(arylethynyl)aryl-4H-1,2,4-triazoles: multitasking skeleton as a self-assembling unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor, M Jesús; Torres, Iván; Cebrián, Cristina; Carrillo, José Ramón; Díaz-Ortiz, Ángel; Matesanz, Emilio; Buendía, Julia; García, Fátima; Barberá, Joaquín; Prieto, Pilar; Sánchez, Luis

    2015-01-19

    The synthesis of a series of 4-aryl-3,5-bis(arylethynyl)aryl-4H-1,2,4-triazoles derivatives is reported and the influence exerted by peripheral substitution on the morphology of the aggregates generated from these 1,2,4-triazoles is investigated by SEM imaging. The presence of paraffinic side chains results in long fibrillar supramolecular structures, but unsubstituted triazoles self-assemble into thinner ribbons and needle-like aggregates. The crystals obtained from methoxy-substituted triazoles have been utilised to elaborate a model that helps to justify aggregation of the investigated 1,2,4-triazoles, in which the operation of arrays of C-H???? non-covalent interactions plays a significant role. The results presented herein demonstrate the ability of simple molecules to behave as multitasking scaffolds with different properties, depending on peripheral substitution. Thus, although 1,2,4-triazoles without long paraffinic side chains exhibit optical waveguiding behaviour, triazoles endowed with peripheral paraffinic side chains exhibit hexagonal columnar mesomorphism. PMID:25413614

  9. Direct arylation of benzene with aryl bromides using high-temperature/high-pressure process windows: expanding the scope of C-H activation chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieber, Bartholomäus; Cantillo, David; Kappe, C Oliver

    2012-04-16

    A detailed investigation on the direct arylation of benzene with aryl bromides by using first-row transition metals under high-temperature/high-pressure (high-T/p) conditions is described. By employing a parallel reactor platform for rapid reaction screening and discovery at elevated temperatures, various metal/ligand/base combinations were evaluated for their ability to enable biaryl formation through C-H activation. The combination of cobalt(III) acetylacetonate and lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide was subjected to further process intensification at 200?°C (15?bar), allowing a significant reduction of the catalyst/base loading and a dramatic increase in catalytic efficiency (turnover frequency) by a factor of 1000 compared to traditional protocols. The high-throughput screening additionally identified novel nickel- and copper-based metal/ligand combinations that favored an amination pathway competing with C-H activation, with the addition of ligands, such as 1,10-phenanthroline, having a profound influence on the selectivity. In addition to metal-based catalysts, high-T/p process windows were also successfully applied to transition-metal-free systems, utilizing 1,10-phenanthroline as organocatalyst. PMID:22396386

  10. Ultrasound-promoted clean synthesis of 1-thiocarbamoyl-3-(2-hydroxyphenyl-5-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Leite Bogarim Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available of important biological and pharmaceutical activities. In recent years, we described the synthesis of many heterocycles by non-traditional conditions, such as microwaves and ultrasound. In particular, the beneficial effects of ultrasonic irradiation are playing an increasing role in process chemistry, especially in cases where classical methods require drastic conditions or prolonged reaction times. These observations and our interest in clean production of heterocyclic compounds prompted us to apply ultrasound in the preparation of 1-thiocarbamoyl-3-(2-hydroxyphenyl-5-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles. The best condition for preparing the target pyrazoles (5a-c was achieved when two equivalents of both KOH and thiosemicarbazide and 1 equivalent of the chalcones/flavanones (3,4a-c were sonicated for 30 minutes, affording the desired pure product in good yield (Scheme. In conclusion, we have developed a mild, convenient and environmentally friendly protocol for the preparation of target compounds under ultrasonic irradiation. Significant advantages of the method include the fact that: (i the reaction is simple to execute; (ii the products are isolated in good yields (61-76%; (iii the work-up is very simple and (iv the reaction time is short (30 min.

  11. The Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in Immunity: Tools and Potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esser, Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    The signaling pathway of the evolutionary old transcription factor AhR is inducible by a number of small molecular weight chemicals, including toxicants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, bacterial toxic pigments, and physiological compounds such as tryptophan derivatives or dietary indoles. AhR activation is of immunological importance, but at the same time mediates toxicity of environmental pollutants, such as immunosuppression by dioxins. Measuring AhR activity and identification of ligands is thus of great interest for a variety of research fields. In this chapter, I briefly introduce the AhR signaling pathway, its role in immunology, and the tools and assays needed to analyze AhR signaling. Both are also needed when therapeutic applications are envisioned. PMID:26530806

  12. Synthesis, urease inhibition, antioxidant and antibacterial studies of some 4-amino-5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones and their 3,6-disubstituted 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new series of 4-amino-5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones, bearing various methoxybenzyl- and methoxyphenethyl groups, was synthesized by refluxing potassium hydrazinecarbodithioate salts in dilute aqueous solution of hydrazine hydrate. These salts were formed by the reaction of acid hydrazides and carbon disulfide in methanolic potassium hydroxide solution at 0-5 deg C. 4-Amino- 5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones were condensed with different substituted aromatic acids to yield 3,6-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]1,3,4-thiadiazoles. The structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized by infrared (IR), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), elemental analysis and mass spectrometric (MS) studies. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their urease inhibition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Some compounds showed excellent urease inhibition activity, more than the standard drug. Others exhibited potent antioxidant activity. All the compounds showed significant antibacterial activities as compared to the standard drug. (author)

  13. Synthesis, urease inhibition, antioxidant and antibacterial studies of some 4-amino-5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones and their 3,6-disubstituted 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanif, Muhammad; Saleem, Muhammad; Rama, Nasim Hasan, E-mail: nhrama@qau.edu.pk, E-mail: drjamshed@ciit.net.pk [Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan); Hussain, Muhammad Tahir [Department of Applied Sciences, National Textile University, Faisalabad (Pakistan); Zaib, Sumera; Aslam, Muhammad Adil M.; Iqbal, Jamshed [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad (Pakistan); Jones, Peter G. [Institute for Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Technical University of Braunschweig, Braunschweig (Germany)

    2012-05-15

    A new series of 4-amino-5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones, bearing various methoxybenzyl- and methoxyphenethyl groups, was synthesized by refluxing potassium hydrazinecarbodithioate salts in dilute aqueous solution of hydrazine hydrate. These salts were formed by the reaction of acid hydrazides and carbon disulfide in methanolic potassium hydroxide solution at 0-5 deg C. 4-Amino- 5-aryl-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones were condensed with different substituted aromatic acids to yield 3,6-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]1,3,4-thiadiazoles. The structures of the synthesized compounds were characterized by infrared (IR), {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), elemental analysis and mass spectrometric (MS) studies. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their urease inhibition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Some compounds showed excellent urease inhibition activity, more than the standard drug. Others exhibited potent antioxidant activity. All the compounds showed significant antibacterial activities as compared to the standard drug. (author)

  14. Synthesis of new trimeric lignin model compounds containing 5-5' and b-O-4' substructures, and their characterization by 1D and 2D NMR Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alves Vera L.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Trimeric lignin model compounds containing biphenyl (5-5' and beta-aryl ether (beta-O-4' were synthesized from dehydrodivanillin derivatives and alpha-bromo acetovanillone derivatives via Williamson's reaction. The ¹H and 13C NMR characteristics of the resulting trimers were studied using corresponding ¹H and 13C NMR spectra as well as homo- and heteronuclear 2D NMR techniques. The results are discussed in terms of signal assignment and conformation of the molecules.

  15. 3-Arylisoxazolyl-5-carboxylic acid and 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-3-aryl-2-isoxazoline as molecular platforms for liquid-crystalline materials

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aline, Tavares; Paolo R., Livotto; Paulo F. B., Gonçalves; Aloir A., Merlo.

    Full Text Available A síntese de uma plataforma molecular para materiais líquido-cristalinos derivados do ácido 3-arilisoxazolil-5-carboxílico (1) e do 5-(hidroximetil)-3-aril-2-isoxazolina (2) é descrita. Os intermediários 1 e 2 são obtidos através da reação de cicloadição [3+2] 1,3-dipolar entre arilóxidos de nitrila [...] s e os dipolarófilos ácido acrílico e álcool alílico, respectivamente. Os compostos cristais líquidos são sintetizados através de uma estratégia de alongamento molecular do núcleo primitivo isoxazolínico pela conexão de subunidades arilacetilênicas, as quais foram obtidas da reação de Sonogashira. Sob essas condições, séries de cristais líquidos 5a-c, 6, 7a-g e 8a-d têm sido sintetizadas com rendimentos de médios para bons. Os compostos finais apresentam propriedades líquido-cristalinas nematogênica e esmectogênica. Um cálculo DFT no nível B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) é também apresentado e alguns parâmetros estruturais obtidos são analisados. Abstract in english The synthesis of the molecular platform for liquid-crystalline materials based on 3-arylisoxazolyl-5-carboxylic acid (1) and 5-(hydroxymethyl)-3-aryl-2-isoxazoline (2) is described. The key intermediates 1 and 2 are obtained by [3+2] 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction between an arylnitrile oxide an [...] d an acrylic acid and allylic alcohol as the dipolarophile. The liquid crystals (LC) compounds are synthesized through a "molecular elongation strategy" from the initial isoxazolinic core by connecting the arylacetylene moiety obtained from the Sonogashira reaction. Under these conditions, the series of liquid crystals 5a-c, 6, 7a-g and 8a-d have been successfully synthesized in fair to good yields. The final compounds display nematic and smectic liquid-crystalline properties. The structural properties of the series of the liquid crystals has been studied using DFT methods at level B3LYP/6-31G(d,p). The equilibrium geometries in the gas phase are presented and analyzed.

  16. Application of nano SnO2 as a green and recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of 2-aryl or alkylbenzoxazole derivatives under ambient temperature

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Seyed Mohammad Vahdat; Shima Ghafouri Raz; Saeed Baghery

    2014-05-01

    Application of nano SnO2 as an efficient and benign catalyst has been explored for the synthesis of 2-aryl or alkylbenzoxazole derivatives via condensation reaction of aldehyde with 2-aminophenol. The reactions proceed under heterogeneous and mild conditions in ethanol at room temperature to provide 2-aryl or alkylbenzoxazoles in high yields.

  17. Synthesis of 2,3-epoxy-1-phenyl-3-aryl-1-propanone by combination of phase transfer catalyst and ultrasound irradiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Tai Li

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Seven 2,3-epoxy-1-phenyl-3-aryl-1-propanones were synthesized via epoxidation of thecorresponding 1-phenyl-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones with 30% aqueous hydrogen peroxide in 74-99% yields usingbenzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride as phase transfer catalyst under ultrasound irradiation.

  18. ?-selective C-arylation of silyl protected 1,6-anhydroglucose with arylalanes: the synthesis of SGLT2 inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henschke, Julian P; Wu, Ping-Yu; Lin, Chen-Wei; Chen, Shi-Feng; Chiang, Pei-Chen; Hsiao, Chi-Nung

    2015-02-20

    The stereoselective arylation of hydroxy protected 1,6-anhydro-?-d-glucose with arylalanes to provide ?-C-arylglucosides is reported. Modification of triarylalanes, Ar3Al, with strong Brønsted acids (HX) or AlCl3 produced more reactive arylating agents, Ar2AlX, while the incorporation of alkyl dummy ligands into the arylating agents was also viable. Me3Al and i-Bu2AlH were found useful in the in situ blocking of the C3-hydroxyl group of 2,4-di-O-TBDPS protected 1,6-anhydroglucose. The utility of the method was demonstrated by the synthesis of the SGLT2 inhibitor, canagliflozin. PMID:25629294

  19. The direct arylation of allylic sp3 C-H bonds via organic and photoredox catalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuthbertson, James D.; MacMillan, David W. C.

    2015-03-01

    The direct functionalization of unactivated sp3 C-H bonds is still one of the most challenging problems facing synthetic organic chemists. The appeal of such transformations derives from their capacity to facilitate the construction of complex organic molecules via the coupling of simple and otherwise inert building blocks, without introducing extraneous functional groups. Despite notable recent efforts, the establishment of general and mild strategies for the engagement of sp3 C-H bonds in C-C bond forming reactions has proved difficult. Within this context, the discovery of chemical transformations that are able to directly functionalize allylic methyl, methylene and methine carbons in a catalytic manner is a priority. Although protocols for direct oxidation and amination of allylic C-H bonds (that is, C-H bonds where an adjacent carbon is involved in a C = C bond) have become widely established, the engagement of allylic substrates in C-C bond forming reactions has thus far required the use of pre-functionalized coupling partners. In particular, the direct arylation of non-functionalized allylic systems would enable access to a series of known pharmacophores (molecular features responsible for a drug's action), though a general solution to this long-standing challenge remains elusive. Here we report the use of both photoredox and organic catalysis to accomplish a mild, broadly effective direct allylic C-H arylation. This C-C bond forming reaction readily accommodates a broad range of alkene and electron-deficient arene reactants, and has been used in the direct arylation of benzylic C-H bonds.

  20. Pd-catalyzed Heck reactions of aryl bromides with 1,2-diarylethenes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jones, Limberger; Silvia, Poersch; Adriano L, Monteiro.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Um sistema catalítico composto por Pd(OAc)2 e P(o-tol)3 foi aplicado na reação de Heck entre brometos de arila e diariletenos. Utilizando-se K2CO3 como base e DMF como solvente, olefinas triarilsubstituídas foram obtidas com rendimentos de bons a excelentes. Brometos de arila com substituintes eletr [...] oretiradores foram menos ativos para a reação de acoplamento Heck e levaram à formação de produto de homoacoplamento em quantidades substanciais, indicando que a adição oxidativa não deve ser a etapa lenta da reação. A presença de substituintes no diarileteno afetou drasticamente a seletividade da reação. Realizou-se também a dupla arilação do estireno, levando diretamente à olefina triarilsubstituída, com rendimento de 73%. Abstract in english A catalytic system composed of Pd(OAc)2 and P(o-tol)3 was found to be effective for the Heck reaction of aryl bromides with diarylethylenes. Using K2CO3 as a base and DMF as a solvent, trisubstituted olefins were obtained in good to excellent yields. Aryl bromides containing an electron-withdrawing [...] group in para position were less reactive for the Heck coupling reaction and gave substantial amount of homocoupling by-product suggesting that oxidative addition is not the rate-determining step. Electron withdrawing group substituent in the para position of stilbene affects the regioselectivity of the reaction. In this case, the phenyl group from the Ph-Pd complex migrates preferentially to the same carbon of the double bond to which the phenyl is bonded. Finally, a one pot sequential double Heck arylation of styrene was performed, giving trisubstituted olefin with an overall yield of 73%.

  1. Effect of exposure duration on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons measured by in vitro reporter gene assay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masunaga, S.; Sakashita, R.; Furuichi, T.; Shirai, J. [Yokohama National Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences; Kannan, K. [New York State Dept. of Health, Albany, NY (United States). Dept. of Health]|[State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (United States). Environmental Toxicology and Health; Giesy, J. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Zoology, National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Inst. for Environmental Toxicology

    2004-09-15

    Due to the time and cost required for the measurement of dioxins using highresolution gas chromatograph coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometer (HRGC-HRMS), the application of in vitro bioassays to monitor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediated activity is receiving much attention recently. Values obtained by the in vitro bioassays, however, reflect not only the AhR activity caused by dioxins but also by other compounds that interact with the AhR. In other words, this is a valuable feature of the assay; it can serve as a conservative measure of AhR mediated activity in samples and as a measure to detect and identify unknown AhR active components. Thus, when using bioassays in place of HRGC-HRMS to estimate the amount of dioxins or dioxin-like toxicity, pretreatment to remove compounds other than dioxins and related AhR agonists have been sought and applied. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are among those compounds that elicit AhR mediated activity and exist at much larger concentrations than dioxins in the environment and foods, but are not regarded as potent as dioxins in terms of dioxin-like toxicity because they are more easily metabolised in animals. However, exposure of humans and wildlife to PAHs is certain. Thus, information on the potencies of PAHs relative to 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2378-TCDD) is necessary to characterize the dioxinlike activities obtained in the bioassays. In this study, AhR mediated activities of nineteen PAHs were examined by chemically-activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) assay using H4IIEluciferase cells at various exposure durations.

  2. Aplicação de análise de componentes principais para verificação de atribuições de sinais nos espetros de RMN ¹H: o caso dos 3-aril (1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-carboidrazida benzilidenos Principal component analysis for verifying ¹H NMR spectral assignments: the case of 3-aryl (1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-carbohydrazide benzylidenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Bosco P. da Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The ¹H NMR data set of a series of 3-aryl (1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-carbohydrazide benzylidene derivatives synthesized in our group was analyzed using the chemometric technique of principal component analysis (PCA. Using the original ¹H NMR data PCA allowed identifying some misassignments of the proton aromatic chemical shifts. As a consequence of this multivariate analysis, nuclear Overhauser difference experiments were performed to investigate the ambiguity of other assignments of the ortho and meta aromatic hydrogens for the compound with the bromine substituent. The effect of the 1,2,4-oxadiazol group as an electron acceptor, mainly for the hydrogens 12,13, has been highlighted.

  3. 3-Carboxamido-5-aryl-isoxazoles as new CB2 agonists for the treatment of colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tourteau, Aurélien; Andrzejak, Virginie; Body-Malapel, Mathilde; Lemaire, Lucas; Lemoine, Amélie; Mansouri, Roxane; Djouina, Madjid; Renault, Nicolas; El Bakali, Jamal; Desreumaux, Pierre; Muccioli, Giulio G; Lambert, Didier M; Chavatte, Philippe; Rigo, Benoît; Leleu-Chavain, Natascha; Millet, Régis

    2013-09-01

    Recent investigations showed that anandamide, the main endogenous ligand of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, possesses analgesic, antidepressant and anti-inflammatory effects. In the perspective to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), our approach was to develop new selective CB2 receptor agonists without psychotropic side effects associated to CB1 receptors. In this purpose, a new series of 3-carboxamido-5-aryl-isoxazoles, never described previously as CB2 receptor agonists, was designed, synthesized and evaluated for their biological activity. The pharmacological results have identified great selective CB2 agonists with in vivo anti-inflammatory activity in a DSS-induced acute colitis mouse model. PMID:23849204

  4. Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Morel; Trzeciak, Anna M.; Juliusz Pernak

    2014-01-01

    Heck arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran with iodobenzene was carried out in systems consisting of different palladium precursors (Pd2(dba)3, Pd(acac)2, PdCl2(cod), [PdCl(allyl)]2, PdCl2(PhCN)2, PdCl2(PPh3)2) and ionic liquids (CILs) with L-prolinate or L-lactate anions. All the tested CILs caused remarkable increases of the conversion values and in all of the reactions 2-phenyl-2,3-dihydrofuran (3) was obtained as the main product with a yield of up to 59.2%. The highest conversions of iodobenze...

  5. G-protein signalling negatively regulates the stability of aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    OpenAIRE

    Nakata, Asuka; Urano, Daisuke; Fujii-Kuriyama, Yoshiaki; Mizuno, Norikazu; Tago, Kenji; ITOH, HIROSHI

    2009-01-01

    Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor that works as a dioxin receptor and is also involved in various physiological phenomena, including development and cell proliferation. Here, we show that the G?13 signal destabilizes AhR by promoting the ubiquitination of AhR. G?13 interacts directly with AhR-interacting protein (AIP) and inhibits the interaction between AhR and AIP, a crucial interacting protein of AhR. Strikingly, a reporter gene assay and a quantitative reverse tran...

  6. Rhodium/chiral diene complexes in the catalytic asymmetric arylation of ?-pyrazol-1-yl acrylates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopula, Balraj; Tsai, Yun-Fan; Kuo, Ting-Shen; Wu, Ping-Yu; Henschke, Julian P; Wu, Hsyueh-Liang

    2015-03-01

    The asymmetric conjugate addition of arylboronic acids to substituted and unsubstituted ?-pyrazol-1-yl (E)-tert-butyl acrylates 4 catalyzed by 5 mol % of the Rh(I)/diene 2a catalyst provided the corresponding addition products in 44-98% yield and 91->99.5% ee. The method was applied to the formal synthesis of (3S)-3-aryl-3-(pyrazol-1-yl)propanoic acid 1b with agonistic activity toward the human GPR40 G-protein coupled receptor. PMID:25679334

  7. Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptors in Osteoclast Lineage Cells Are a Negative Regulator of Bone Mass

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Tai-yong; Pang, Wei-Jun; YANG Gong-She

    2015-01-01

    Aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhRs) play a critical role in various pathological and physiological processes. Although recent research has identified AhRs as a key contributor to bone metabolism following studies in systemic AhR knockout (KO) or transgenic mice, the cellular and molecular mechanism(s) in this process remain unclear. In this study, we explored the function of AhR in bone metabolism using AhRRANK?Oc/?Oc (RANKCre/+;AhRflox/flox) mice. We observed enhanced bone mass together with d...

  8. Facile synthesis of hypercrosslinked resins via chloromethylation and continuous condensation of simple aryl molecules

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xiaoyan Zhang; Qiu Jin; Libo Dai; Siguo Yuan

    2011-07-01

    A sort of non-polystyrene type hypercrosslinked resin was firstly synthesized through chloromethylation of simple aryl molecules (benzene, toluene, naphthalene, diphenyl), succedent continuous Friedel–Crafts alkylation polymerization and post-crosslinking reaction. The chemical and porous structures of these novel resins were characterized with BET, FT–IR and elementary analysis, respectively. The results showed that these novel adsorptive materials possessing abundant crosslinked networks had high specific surface areas (up to 1191.26 m2/g), large pore volumes (0.2–1.4 ml/g), narrow pore size distributions (mainly in the range of micropores and small mesopores).

  9. Highly efficient route to fused polycyclic aromatics via palladium-catalyzed aryne annulation by aryl halides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhijian; Larock, Richard C

    2007-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic and heteroaromatic hydrocarbons have been synthesized in high yield by two different processes involving the Pd-catalyzed annulation of arynes. The first process involves a Pd-catalyzed annulation of arynes by 2-halobiaryls and related vinylic halides. The second process utilizes a Pd-catalyzed double annulation of arynes by simple aryl halides. Both processes appear to involve the catalytic, stepwise coupling of two very reactive substrates, an aryne and an organopalladium species, to generate excellent yields of cross-coupled products. PMID:17194103

  10. In vitro evaluation of A-56619 (difloxacin) and A-56620: new aryl-fluoroquinolones.

    OpenAIRE

    Stamm, J M; Hanson, C W; Chu, D.T.; Bailer, R.; Vojtko, C; Fernandes, P B

    1986-01-01

    The in vitro antibacterial potencies of A-56619 and A-56620, two new aryl-fluoroquinolones, were compared with the potency of norfloxacin against a broad spectrum of organisms. Cefotaxime, aztreonam, piperacillin, imipenem, penicillin, and gentamicin were also tested for reference purposes. The MICs required to inhibit at least 90% of the strains tested ranged from 0.25 to 4 micrograms/ml for A-56619 and from 0.06 to 0.5 microgram/ml for A-56620 for members of the Enterobacteriaceae. A-56619 ...

  11. p53 Modulates Hsp90 ATPase Activity and Regulates Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Signaling

    OpenAIRE

    Kochhar, Amit; Kopelovich, Levy; Sue, Erika; Guttenplan, Joseph B.; Herbert, Brittney-Shea; Dannenberg, Andrew J; Subbaramaiah, Kotha

    2014-01-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a client protein of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), is a ligand activated transcription factor that plays a role in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) induced carcinogenesis. Tobacco smoke activates AhR signaling leading to increased transcription of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1, which encode proteins that convert PAHs to mutagens. Recently, p53 was found to regulate Hsp90 ATPase activity via effects on activator of Hsp90 ATPase (Aha1). It’s possible, therefore, th...

  12. Synthesis of 2-(hetero)aryl-5-(trimethylsilylethynyl)oxazoles from (hetero)arylacrylic acids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankova, Alena S; Stukalov, Alexander Yu; Kuznetsov, Mikhail A

    2015-04-17

    A three-step method for the synthesis of 2-(hetero)aryl-5-(trimethylsilylethynyl)oxazoles is described. Easily accessible bis(trimethylsilyl)acetylene and acrylic acid derivatives are used as starting materials for the preparation of mono- and disubstituted 5-(trimethylsilyl)pent-1-en-4-yn-3-ones. Oxidative phthalimidoaziridination of these enynones provides the key 2-acyl-1-phthalimidoaziridines that are further utilized in the thermal expansion of the three-membered ring to furnish the target functionalizable oxazoles. PMID:25840023

  13. Crystal structures of five 1-alkyl-4-aryl-1,2,4-triazol-1-ium halide salts

    OpenAIRE

    Guino-o, Marites A.; Talbot, Meghan O.; Slitts, Michael M.; Pham, Theresa N.; Audi, Maya C.; Daron E. Janzen

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the predominant inter­molecular inter­actions in 1-alkyl-4-aryl-1,2,4-triazol-1-ium halide salts, five salts were prepared and crystallographically characterized. The halide ions generally inter­act with the H atoms of the triazolium cation forming extended sheets. When the aryl ring lies on the plane of the triazolium cation, the cationic core formed two-dimensional networks that lead into layer-like assembled structures. The triazolium core exhibits ?–? inter­actions with the...

  14. Investigation of Keto-enol Tautomers during the Synthesis of Aryl-bis (2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)Methanes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Papia Dutta; Mrinal Saikia; Rashmi Jyoti Das; Ruli Borah

    2014-11-01

    This study investigated the existence of keto-enol tautomers for the first time during the synthesis of aryl-bis(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)methane from 2-naphthol and -tolualdehyde or 4-chlorobenzaldehyde in methanol using CuSO4.5H2O as catalyst under reflux condition. The exclusive formation of aryl-bis(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)methaneswas observed in dichloromethane at room temperature in the presence of BF3.OEt2/AcOH as catalyst. The keto productswere isolated and characterized by 1HNMR, 13C NMR, COSY and DEPTspectra.

  15. Ligand-Controlled C(sp3)–H Arylation: Synthesis of Chiral ?-Ar-?-Ar'-?-Amino Acids from Alanine

    OpenAIRE

    Jian HE; Li, Suhua; Deng, Youqian; Laforteza, Brian N.; Spangler, Jillian E.; Yu, Jin-Quan

    2014-01-01

    The development of ligands that can promote selective insertion of a metal into primary or secondary C(sp3)–H bonds is a central challenge in the field of C–H functionalization. Here, we report a rare example of catalyst-controlled primary and secondary C(sp3)–H arylation using two different ligands. Successive application of these ligands enables the sequential hetero-diarylation of an alanine derivative with two different aryl iodides affording a wide range of ?-Ar-?-Ar'-?-amino acids with ...

  16. Preparation of poly (aryl ether ketones) in the presence of an alkali, alkaline earth of lanthanide metal salt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This patent describes a process for preparing poly(aryl ether ketones) by nucleophilic displacement polymerization in the presence of at least one alkali metal base selected from potassium, rubidium or cesium, and fluoride ions, which comprises adding to the polymerization: (a) an effective amount of at least one metal salt selected from lithium, sodium, alkaline earth or lanthanide chloride, bromide, iodide, sulfate, alkyl or aryl carboxylate, cyanide, borate or phosphate to slow or stop advancement of molecular weight and (b) an end-capping agent

  17. Cellulose sulphuric acid as a biodegradable catalyst for conversion of aryl amines into azides at room temperature under mild conditions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Firouzeh Nesmati; Ali Elhampour

    2012-07-01

    This article describes simple and efficient method for the diazotization and azidation of different aromatic amines over cellulose sulphuric acid, sodium nitrite and sodium azide under mild conditions at room temperature. Various aryl amines possessing electron-withdrawing groups or electron-donating groups have been converted into the corresponding aryl azides with 71-99% yields. The use of mild reaction conditions, avoids the use of harmful acids and toxic solvents and short reaction times are advantages of this methodology. The selected catalyst is found to be highly efficient and recyclable.

  18. (18)F-Labeling of Aryl-SCF3, -OCF3 and -OCHF2 with [(18)F]Fluoride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khotavivattana, Tanatorn; Verhoog, Stefan; Tredwell, Matthew; Pfeifer, Lukas; Calderwood, Samuel; Wheelhouse, Katherine; Lee Collier, Thomas; Gouverneur, Véronique

    2015-08-17

    We report that halogenophilic silver(I) triflate permits halogen exchange (halex) nucleophilic (18)F-fluorination of aryl-OCHFCl, -OCF2Br and -SCF2Br precursors under mild conditions. This Ag(I)-mediated process allows for the first time access to a range of (18)F-labeled aryl-OCHF2, -OCF3 and -SCF3 derivatives, inclusive of [(18)F]riluzole. The (18)F-labeling of these medicinally important motifs expands the radiochemical space available for PET applications. PMID:26140357

  19. Synthesis and properties of poly(aryl sulfone benzimidazole) and its copolymers for high temperature membrane electrolytes for fuel cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Jingshuai; Li, Qingfeng; Cleemann, Lars Nilausen; Xu, Chenxi; Jensen, Jens Oluf; Pan, Chao; Bjerrum, Niels; He, Ronghuan

    2012-01-01

    Poly(aryl sulfone benzimidazole) (SO2PBI) and its copolymers with poly[2,2?-p-(phenylene)-5,5?-bibenzimidazole] (pPBI), termed as Co-SO2PBI, were synthesized with varied feeding ratios of 4,4?-sulfonyldibenzoic acid (SDBA) to terephthalic acid (TPA). Incorporation of the stiff para-phenylene and flexible aryl sulfone linkages in the macromolecular structures resulted in high molecular weight copolymers with good solubility. The chemical stability towards radical oxidation was improved for SO2PBI...

  20. Anti-cancer agents based on 4-(hetero)Ary1-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl Amino derivatives and a method of making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gakh, Andrei A.; Krasavin, Mikhail; Karapetian, Ruben; Rufanov, Konstantin A.; Konstantinov, Igor; Godovykh, Elena; Soldatkina, Olga; Sosnov, Andrey V.

    2013-01-29

    The present disclosure relates to novel compounds that can be used as anti-cancer agents in the prostate cancer therapy. ##STR00001## In particular, the invention relates N-substituted derivatives of 4-(hetero)aryl-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl amines having the structural Formula (I) and (II), stereoisomers, tautomers, racemics, prodrugs, metabolites thereof, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt and/or solvate thereof. Meaning of R1 and R2 in the Formula (I) and (II) are defined in claim 1. The invention also relates to methods for preparing said compounds, and to pharmaceutical compositions comprising said compounds.

  1. Aromatic hydrocarbons upregulate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and induce changes in actin cytoskeleton. Role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a multifunctional enzyme involved in several cellular functions including glycolysis, membrane transport, microtubule assembly, DNA replication and repair, nuclear RNA export, apoptosis, and the detection of nitric oxide stress. Therefore, modifications in the regulatory ability and function of GAPDH may alter cellular homeostasis. We report here that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and ?-naphthoflavone, which are well-known ligands for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), increase GAPDH mRNA levels in vivo and in vitro, respectively. These compounds fail to induce GAPDH transcription in an AhR-null mouse model, suggesting that the increase in GAPDH level is dependent upon AhR activation. To analyse the consequences of AhR ligands on GAPDH function, mice were treated with TCDD and the level of liver activity of GAPDH was determined. The results showed that TCDD treatment increased GAPDH activity. On the other hand, treatment of Hepa-1 cells with ?-naphthoflavone leads to an increase in microfilament density when compared to untreated cultures. Collectively, these results suggest that AhR ligands, such as polycyclic hydrocarbons, can modify GAPDH expression and, therefore, have the potential to alter the multiple functions of this enzyme.

  2. Crystallization and melting of sharp fractions of Poly(aryl ether ether ketone)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosiere, Marcel

    1998-03-01

    Crystallization and melting of sharp fractions of Poly(aryl ether ether ketone) M. Dosiere Universite de Mons-Hainaut, Lab. de Physicochimie des Polymeres, Place du Parc 20 B - 7000 - Mons (Belgium) The dual endothermic behavior observed in the melting curve of Poly(aryl ether ether ketone) or PEEK crystallized from the melt and from the glassy state has been the subject of some controversy in the last few years. Two extreme proposals have been sugge sted to explain such a behavior : a) a melting recrystallization process ; b) the melting of a bimodal distribution of lamellar crystals. A close attention to the molecular weight distribution, to the mode of preparation and to the thermal history of the polymer samples is quite imperative. Therefore, the crystallization from the melt and from the glassy state of PEEK fractions with a low degree of polydispersity have been investigated by simultaneous time-resolved SAXS, WAXD and DSC. The weight average m olecular weights of these fractions range between 4000 and 79000. The following experimental results will be discussed : a) under similar annealing conditions, an increase of the long spacing and the amorphous thickness of the lamellae with the molecular weight, the crystal thickness remaining constant ; b) the crystal thickness corresponds to the smallest value obtained from the SAXS correlation function; c) a decrease of the long spacing in the early stage of crystallization.

  3. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor and glucocorticoid receptor interact to activate human metallothionein 2A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) play essential roles in mammalian development, stress responses, and other physiological events, crosstalk between these receptors has been the subject of much debate. Metallothioneins are classic glucocorticoid-inducible genes that were reported to increase upon treatment with AHR agonists in rodent tissues and cultured human cells. In this study, the mechanism of human metallothionein 2A (MT2A) gene transcription activation by AHR was investigated. Cotreatment with 3-methylcholanthrene and dexamethasone, agonists of AHR and GR respectively, synergistically increased MT2A mRNA levels in HepG2 cells. MT2A induction was suppressed by RNA interference against AHR or GR. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments revealed a physical interaction between AHR and GR proteins. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicated that AHR was recruited to the glucocorticoid response element in the MT2A promoter. Thus, we provide a novel mechanism whereby AHR modulates expression of human MT2A via the glucocorticoid response element and protein–protein interactions with GR. - Highlights: • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor forms a complex with glucocorticoid receptor in cells. • Human metallothionein gene is regulated by the AHR and GR interaction. • AHR–GR complex binds to glucocorticoid response element in metallothionein gene. • We demonstrated a novel transcriptional mechanism via AHR and GR interaction

  4. Discovery and Development of the Aryl O-Sulfamate Pharmacophore for Oncology and Women's Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Mark P; Potter, Barry V L

    2015-10-01

    In 1994, following work from this laboratory, it was reported that estrone-3-O-sulfamate irreversibly inhibits a new potential hormone-dependent cancer target steroid sulfatase (STS). Subsequent drug discovery projects were initiated to develop the core aryl O-sulfamate pharmacophore that, over some 20 years, have led to steroidal and nonsteroidal drugs in numerous preclinical and clinical trials, with promising results in oncology and women's health, including endometriosis. Drugs have been designed to inhibit STS, e.g., Irosustat, as innovative dual-targeting aromatase-steroid sulfatase inhibitors (DASIs) and as multitargeting agents for hormone-independent tumors, such as the steroidal STX140 and nonsteroidal counterparts, acting inter alia through microtubule disruption. The aryl sulfamate pharmacophore is highly versatile, operating via three distinct mechanisms of action, and imbues attractive pharmaceutical properties. This Perspective gives a personal view of the work leading both to the therapeutic concepts and these drugs, their current status, and how they might develop in the future. PMID:25992880

  5. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor and glucocorticoid receptor interact to activate human metallothionein 2A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Shoko, E-mail: satosho@rs.tus.ac.jp [Laboratory of Nutrition, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555 (Japan); Shirakawa, Hitoshi, E-mail: shirakah@m.tohoku.ac.jp [Laboratory of Nutrition, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555 (Japan); Tomita, Shuhei, E-mail: tomita@med.tottori-u.ac.jp [Division of Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Pathophysiological and Therapeutic Science, Yonago 683-8503 (Japan); Tohkin, Masahiro, E-mail: tohkin@phar.nagoya-cu.ac.jp [Department of Medical Safety Science, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 267-8603 (Japan); Gonzalez, Frank J., E-mail: gonzalef@mail.nih.gov [Laboratory of Metabolism, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Komai, Michio, E-mail: mkomai@m.tohoku.ac.jp [Laboratory of Nutrition, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 981-8555 (Japan)

    2013-11-15

    Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) play essential roles in mammalian development, stress responses, and other physiological events, crosstalk between these receptors has been the subject of much debate. Metallothioneins are classic glucocorticoid-inducible genes that were reported to increase upon treatment with AHR agonists in rodent tissues and cultured human cells. In this study, the mechanism of human metallothionein 2A (MT2A) gene transcription activation by AHR was investigated. Cotreatment with 3-methylcholanthrene and dexamethasone, agonists of AHR and GR respectively, synergistically increased MT2A mRNA levels in HepG2 cells. MT2A induction was suppressed by RNA interference against AHR or GR. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments revealed a physical interaction between AHR and GR proteins. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicated that AHR was recruited to the glucocorticoid response element in the MT2A promoter. Thus, we provide a novel mechanism whereby AHR modulates expression of human MT2A via the glucocorticoid response element and protein–protein interactions with GR. - Highlights: • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor forms a complex with glucocorticoid receptor in cells. • Human metallothionein gene is regulated by the AHR and GR interaction. • AHR–GR complex binds to glucocorticoid response element in metallothionein gene. • We demonstrated a novel transcriptional mechanism via AHR and GR interaction.

  6. Palladium(II-Catalyzed othro-C–H-Benzoxylation of 2-Arylpyridines by Oxidative Coupling with Aryl Acylperoxides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wing-Yiu Yu

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A palladium(II-catalyzed ortho-benzoxylation of 2-arylpyridines with aryl acylperoxides was developed. With pyridyl as directing group, the benzoxylation reaction exhibits remarkable regioselectivity and excellent functional group tolerance, providing the products in up to 87% yield.

  7. Induction of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated and estrogen receptor-mediated activities, and modulation of cell proliferation by dinaphthofurans.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vondrá?ek, Jan; Chramostová, Kate?ina; Plíšková, M.; Bláha, L.; Brack, W.; Kozubík, Alois; Machala, M.

    2004-01-01

    Ro?. 23, ?. 9 (2004), s. 2214-2220. ISSN 0730-7268 R&D Projects: GA ?R GA525/03/1527 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5004920 Keywords : aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity * estrogenicity * intercellular communication inhibition Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 2.121, year: 2004

  8. Structural Basis for Inhibition of Mycobacterial and Human Adenosine Kinase by 7-Substituted 7-(Het)aryl-7-deazaadenine Ribonucleosides.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Snášel, Jan; Nauš, Petr; Dostál, Ji?í; Hnízda, Aleš; Fanfrlík, Jind?ich; Brynda, Ji?í; Bourderioux, Aurelie; Dušek, Michal; Dvo?áková, H.; Stola?íková, J.; Zábranská, Helena; Pohl, Radek; Kone?ný, P.; Džubák, P.; Votruba, Ivan; Hajdúch, M.; ?ezá?ová, Pavlína; Veverka, Václav; Hocek, Michal; Pichová, Iva

    2014-01-01

    Ro?. 57, ?. 20 (2014), s. 8268-8279. ISSN 0022-2623 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 241587 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011020 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 ; RVO:68378271 Keywords : 7-(het)aryl-7-deazaadenine ribonucleosides * enzyme inhibition * adenosine kinase * cytostatic activity Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 5.447, year: 2014

  9. MÉTODO DE SÍNTESE DE AZIDAS AROMÁTICAS USANDO VINAGRE / METHOD FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF ARYL AZIDES USING VINEGAR

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kauanna Naguissa, Hino; Álvaro Takeo, Omori.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english The present paper describes a simple and low-cost procedure for preparation of aryl azides from anilines using vinegar as an unusual solvent/reagent. We observed the sequence of diazotation followed by diazo displacement with sodium azide can be carried out in aqueous solution of acetic acid [...

  10. Amide-Directed Arylation of sp3 C-H Bonds using Pd(II) and Pd(0) Catalysts

    OpenAIRE

    Wasa, Masayuki; Yu, Jin-Quan

    2010-01-01

    Protocols to effect ?-arylation of sp3 C–H bonds via Pd(II)/(IV) and Pd(0)/(II) catalytic cycles have been achieved using a newly developed monodentate CONHC6F5 directing group. These reactions provide an unprecedented means to functionalize sp3 C–H bonds in aliphatic carboxylic acid–derived substrates.

  11. Room Temperature C–H Arylation: Merger of Pd-Catalyzed C–H Functionalization and Visible Light Photocatalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyani, Dipannita; McMurtrey, Kate B.; Neufeldt, Sharon R.; Sanford, Melanie S.

    2011-01-01

    This communication describes the development of a room temperature ligand-directed C–H arylation reaction using aryldiazonium salts. This was achieved by the successful merger of palladium-catalyzed C–H functionalization and visible light photoredox catalysis. The new method is general for a variety of directing groups and tolerates many common functional groups. PMID:22047138

  12. Room Temperature C–H Arylation: Merger of Pd-Catalyzed C–H Functionalization and Visible Light Photocatalysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kalyani, Dipannita; McMurtrey, Kate B.; Neufeldt, Sharon R.; Sanford, Melanie S.

    2011-01-01

    This communication describes the development of a room temperature ligand-directed C–H arylation reaction using aryldiazonium salts. This was achieved by the successful merger of palladium-catalyzed C–H functionalization and visible light photoredox catalysis. The new method is general for a variety of directing groups and tolerates many common functional groups.

  13. Interaction of model aryl- and alkyl-boronic acids and 1,2-diols in aqueous solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinaro, William A; Prankerd, Richard; Kinnari, Kaisa; Stella, Valentino J

    2015-04-01

    The goal of this work was to quantitate ester formation between alkyl and aryl boronic acids and vicinal-diols or 1,2-diols in aqueous solution. As used here, 1,2-diols includes polyols with one or more 1,2-diol pairs. Multiple techniques were used including apparent pKa shifts of the boronic acids using UV spectrophotometry (for aryl acids) and titration (for aryl and alkyl acids). Isothermal microcalorimetry was also used, with all reactions being enthalpically favored. For all the acids and 1,2-diols and the conditions studied, evidence only supported 1:1 ester formation. All the esters formed were found to be significantly more acidic, as Lewis acids, by 3-3.5 pKa units than the corresponding nonesterified boronic acid. The equilibrium constants for ester formation increased with increasing number of 1,2-diol pairs but stereochemistry may also play a role as sorbitol with five possible 1,2-diol pairs and five isomers (taking into account the stereochemistry of the alcohol groups) was twice as efficient at ester formation compared with mannitol, also with five possible 1,2-diol pairs but only three isomers. Alkyl boronic acids formed esters to a greater extent than aryl acids. Although some quantitative differences were seen between the various techniques used, rank ordering of the structure/reactivity was consistent. Formulation implications of ester formation between boronic acids and 1,2-diols are discussed. PMID:25600471

  14. Microwave-Assisted Heck Arylations of Non-Activated N-Acyl-3-pyrrolines with Arenediazonium Tetrafluoroborates

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernanda G., Finelli; Marla N., Godoi; Carlos R. D., Correia.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Successful Heck-Matsuda arylations of non-activated olefins applying microwave irradiation as an alternative heating mode are presented. Cleaner reactions were performed with arenediazonium tetrafluoroborates bearing electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups in good to excellent yields with [...] reaction times reduced from 3.5-18 h to 12-30 min.

  15. Synthesis of ?- and ?-lapachone derivatives from hetero diels-alder trapping of alkyl and aryl o-quinone methides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Methylene and aryl o-quinone methides (o-QMs) generated by Knoevenagel condensation of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone with formaldehyde and arylaldehydes, undergo facile hetero Diels-Alder reaction with some substituted styrenes (as dienophiles) in aqueous ethanol media providing derivatives of ?- and ?-lapachone (author)

  16. Catalytic trifluoromethylation of aryl- and vinylboronic acids by 2-cyclopropyl-1-(trifluoromethyl)benzo[b]thiophenium triflate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arimori, Sadayuki; Shibata, Norio

    2015-04-01

    Catalytic trifluoromethylation of aryl- and vinylboronic acids by 2-cyclopropyl-1-(trifluoromethyl)benzo[b]thiophenium triflate is described. In the presence of a catalytic amount of CuOAc and 2,4,6-collidine in ethyl acetate, the reaction proceeded in good to high yields for various substrates under mild reaction conditions at room temperature. PMID:25783441

  17. The adverse outcome pathway for rodent liver tumor promotion by sustained activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Richard A; Patlewicz, Grace; Simon, Ted W; Rowlands, J Craig; Budinsky, Robert A

    2015-10-01

    An Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) represents the existing knowledge of a biological pathway leading from initial molecular interactions of a toxicant and progressing through a series of key events (KEs), culminating with an apical adverse outcome (AO) that has to be of regulatory relevance. An AOP based on the mode of action (MOA) of rodent liver tumor promotion by dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) has been developed and the weight of evidence (WoE) of key event relationships (KERs) evaluated using evolved Bradford Hill considerations. Dioxins and DLCs are potent aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) ligands that cause a range of species-specific adverse outcomes. The occurrence of KEs is necessary for inducing downstream biological responses and KEs may occur at the molecular, cellular, tissue and organ levels. The common convention is that an AOP begins with the toxicant interaction with a biological response element; for this AOP, this initial event is binding of a DLC ligand to the AHR. Data from mechanistic studies, lifetime bioassays and approximately thirty initiation-promotion studies have established dioxin and DLCs as rat liver tumor promoters. Such studies clearly show that sustained AHR activation, weeks or months in duration, is necessary to induce rodent liver tumor promotion--hence, sustained AHR activation is deemed the molecular initiating event (MIE). After this MIE, subsequent KEs are 1) changes in cellular growth homeostasis likely associated with expression changes in a number of genes and observed as development of hepatic foci and decreases in apoptosis within foci; 2) extensive liver toxicity observed as the constellation of effects called toxic hepatopathy; 3) cellular proliferation and hyperplasia in several hepatic cell types. This progression of KEs culminates in the AO, the development of hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas and cholangiolar carcinomas. A rich data set provides both qualitative and quantitative knowledge of the progression of this AOP through KEs and the KERs. Thus, the WoE for this AOP is judged to be strong. Species-specific effects of dioxins and DLCs are well known--humans are less responsive than rodents and rodent species differ in sensitivity between strains. Consequently, application of this AOP to evaluate potential human health risks must take these differences into account. PMID:26145830

  18. Over-expression of AhR (aryl hydrocarbon receptor induces neural differentiation of Neuro2a cells: neurotoxicology study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishihara-Sugano Mitsuko

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dioxins and related compounds are suspected of causing neurological disruption in human and experimental animal offspring following perinatal exposure during development and growth. The molecular mechanism(s of the actions in the brain, however, have not been fully investigated. A major participant in the process of the dioxin-toxicity is the dioxin receptor, namely the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR. AhR regulates the transcription of diverse genes through binding to the xenobiotic-responsive element (XRE. Since the AhR has also been detected in various regions of the brain, the AhR may play a key role in the developmental neurotoxicity of dioxins. This study focused on the effect of AhR activation in the developing neuron. Methods The influence of the AhR on the developing neuron was assessed using the Neuro2a-AhR transfectant. The undifferentiated murine neuroblastoma Neuro2a cell line (ATCC was stably transfected with AhR cDNA and the established cell line was named N2a-R?. The activation of exogenous AhR in N2a-R? cells was confirmed using RNAi, with si-AhR suppressing the expression of exogenous AhR. The neurological properties of N2a-R? based on AhR activation were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis of cytoskeletal molecules and by RT-PCR analysis of mRNA expression of neurotransmitter-production related molecules, such as tyrosine hydroxylase (TH. Results N2a-R? cells exhibited constant activation of the exogenous AhR. CYP1A1, a typical XRE-regulated gene, mRNA was induced without the application of ligand to the culture medium. N2a-R? cells exhibited two significant functional features. Morphologically, N2a-R? cells bore spontaneous neurites exhibiting axon-like properties with the localization of NF-H. In addition, cdc42 expression was increased in comparison to the control cell line. The other is the catecholaminergic neuron-like property. N2a-R? cells expressed tyrosine hydroxylase (TH mRNA as a functional marker of catecholaminergic neurotransmitter production. Thus, exogenous AhR induced catecholaminergic differentiation in N2a-R? cells. Conclusion The excessive activation of AhR resulted in neural differentiation of Neuro2a cells. This result revealed that dioxins may affect the nervous system through the AhR-signaling pathway. Activated AhR may disrupt the strictly regulated brain formation with irregular differentiation occurring rather than cell death.

  19. Screening a mouse liver gene expression compendium identifies modulators of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oshida, Keiyu; Vasani, Naresh; Thomas, Russell S; Applegate, Dawn; Gonzalez, Frank J; Aleksunes, Lauren M; Klaassen, Curtis D; Corton, J Christopher

    2015-10-01

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the biological and toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), dioxin-like compounds (DLC) as well as some drugs and endogenous tryptophan metabolites. Short-term activation of AhR can lead to hepatocellular steatosis, and chronic activation can lead to liver cancer in mice and rats. Analytical approaches were developed to identify biosets in a genomic database in which AhR activity was altered. A set of 63 genes was identified (the AhR gene expression biomarker) that was dependent on AhR for regulation after exposure to TCDD or benzo[a]pyrene and includes the known AhR targets Cyp1a1 and Cyp1b1. A fold-change rank-based test (Running Fisher's test; p-value ? 10(-4)) was used to evaluate the similarity between the AhR biomarker and a test set of 37 and 41 biosets positive or negative, respectively for AhR activation. The test resulted in a balanced accuracy of 95%. The rank-based test was used to identify factors that activate or suppress AhR in an annotated mouse liver/mouse primary hepatocyte gene expression database of ? 1850 comparisons. In addition to the expected activation of AhR by TCDD and DLC, AhR was activated by AP20189 and phenformin. AhR was suppressed by phenobarbital and 1,4-Bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene (TCPOBOP) in a constitutive activated receptor (CAR)-dependent manner and pregnenolone-16?-carbonitrile in a pregnane X receptor (PXR)-dependent manner. Inactivation of individual genes in nullizygous models led to AhR activation (Pxr, Ghrhr, Taf10) or suppression (Ahr, Ilst6st, Hnf1a). This study describes a novel screening strategy for identifying factors in mouse liver that perturb AhR in a gene expression compendium. PMID:26215100

  20. Sensitivity of avian species to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand 6-formylindolo [3,2-b] carbazole (FICZ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmahin, Reza; Crump, Doug; Kennedy, Sean W

    2014-09-25

    Avian species differ in sensitivity to the toxic effects of dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) and recent reports have provided insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying this variability. The sensitivity of avian species to DLCs is associated with the identity of amino acids at positions 324 and 380 within the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor 1 (AHR1). 6-formylindolo [3,2-b] carbazole (FICZ), a naturally produced photo-oxidation product of tryptophan, is a highly potent AHR ligand. Few studies have attempted to determine if there are species differences in AHR activation by FICZ in a systematic manner. Here we describe results from an in vitro assay that measures AHR1-mediated luciferase reporter gene activity to determine concentration-dependent effects of FICZ and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in COS-7 cells transfected with AHR1 constructs from chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus), ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) and common tern (Sterna hirundo), and three mutant AHR1 constructs. Data were used to (a) compare the potency of FICZ and TCDD for each AHR1 construct (relative potency; ReP) and (b) the sensitivity of each construct to AHR1 activation by FICZ and TCDD (relative sensitivity; ReS). The results show that (1) FICZ was considerably more potent than TCDD in cells transfected with chicken AHR1 (RePavg=41), ring-necked pheasant AHR1 (RePavg=93), Japanese quail AHR1 (RePavg=1392) and common tern AHR1 (RePavg=1534), (2) there were no significant differences in sensitivity to FICZ in cells expressing chicken, pheasant, quail and tern AHR1, but there were significant differences in sensitivity to TCDD, (3) alteration of amino acids at positions 324 and 380 had no effect on avian AHR1 activity in response to FICZ, (4) there was no time-dependent change in the relative potency of FICZ in COS-7 cells, and (5) neither FICZ nor TCDD induced ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD activity) in COS-7 cells. Our results suggest that FICZ and TCDD activate avian AHR1 by different modes of interaction with AHR1. PMID:25093689

  1. Cardiac toxicity of 5-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is differentially dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 isoform during zebrafish development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petroleum-derived compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), commonly occur as complex mixtures in the environment. Recent studies using the zebrafish experimental model have shown that PAHs are toxic to the embryonic cardiovascular system, and that the severity and nature of this developmental cardiotoxicity varies by individual PAH. In the present study we characterize the toxicity of the relatively higher molecular weight 5-ring PAHs benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), benzo[e]pyrene (BeP), and benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF). While all three compounds target the cardiovascular system, the underlying role of the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR2) and the tissue-specific induction of the cytochrome p450 metabolic pathway (CYP1A) were distinct for each. BaP exposure (40 ?M) produced AHR2-dependent bradycardia, pericardial edema, and myocardial CYP1A immunofluorescence. By contrast, BkF exposure (4–40 ?M) caused more severe pericardial edema, looping defects, and erythrocyte regurgitation through the atrioventricular valve that were AHR2-independent (i.e., absent myocardial or endocardial CYP1A induction). Lastly, exposure to BeP (40 ?M) yielded a low level of CYP1A+ signal in the vascular endothelium of the head and trunk, without evident toxic effects on cardiac function or morphogenesis. Combined with earlier work on 3- and 4-ring PAHs, our findings provide a more complete picture of how individual PAHs may drive the cardiotoxicity of mixtures in which they predominate. This will improve toxic injury assessments and risk assessments for wild fish populations that spawn in habitats altered by overlapping petroleum-related human impacts such as oil spills, urban stormwater runoff, or sediments contaminated by legacy industrial activities. -- Highlights: ? PAH compounds with 5 rings in different arrangements caused differential tissue-specific patterns of CYP1A induction in zebrafish embryos. ? These compounds produced differential cardiac developmental toxicity that did not strictly correlate with associated CYP1A induction. ? Cardiotoxicity of benzo(a)pyrene was partially dependent on the AHR2 isoform, while benzo(k)fluoranthene cardiotoxicity was not. ? Individual PAH compounds have distinct toxicokinetic pathways in fish embryos, and act through different toxic mechanisms.

  2. Cardiac toxicity of 5-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is differentially dependent on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 isoform during zebrafish development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Incardona, John P., E-mail: john.incardona@noaa.gov; Linbo, Tiffany L.; Scholz, Nathaniel L.

    2011-12-15

    Petroleum-derived compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), commonly occur as complex mixtures in the environment. Recent studies using the zebrafish experimental model have shown that PAHs are toxic to the embryonic cardiovascular system, and that the severity and nature of this developmental cardiotoxicity varies by individual PAH. In the present study we characterize the toxicity of the relatively higher molecular weight 5-ring PAHs benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), benzo[e]pyrene (BeP), and benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF). While all three compounds target the cardiovascular system, the underlying role of the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR2) and the tissue-specific induction of the cytochrome p450 metabolic pathway (CYP1A) were distinct for each. BaP exposure (40 {mu}M) produced AHR2-dependent bradycardia, pericardial edema, and myocardial CYP1A immunofluorescence. By contrast, BkF exposure (4-40 {mu}M) caused more severe pericardial edema, looping defects, and erythrocyte regurgitation through the atrioventricular valve that were AHR2-independent (i.e., absent myocardial or endocardial CYP1A induction). Lastly, exposure to BeP (40 {mu}M) yielded a low level of CYP1A+ signal in the vascular endothelium of the head and trunk, without evident toxic effects on cardiac function or morphogenesis. Combined with earlier work on 3- and 4-ring PAHs, our findings provide a more complete picture of how individual PAHs may drive the cardiotoxicity of mixtures in which they predominate. This will improve toxic injury assessments and risk assessments for wild fish populations that spawn in habitats altered by overlapping petroleum-related human impacts such as oil spills, urban stormwater runoff, or sediments contaminated by legacy industrial activities. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer PAH compounds with 5 rings in different arrangements caused differential tissue-specific patterns of CYP1A induction in zebrafish embryos. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These compounds produced differential cardiac developmental toxicity that did not strictly correlate with associated CYP1A induction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cardiotoxicity of benzo(a)pyrene was partially dependent on the AHR2 isoform, while benzo(k)fluoranthene cardiotoxicity was not. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Individual PAH compounds have distinct toxicokinetic pathways in fish embryos, and act through different toxic mechanisms.

  3. Palladium-Catalyzed Coupling of Ammonia with Aryl Chlorides, Bromides, Iodides and Sulfonates: A General Method for the Preparation of Primary Arylamines

    OpenAIRE

    Vo, Giang D.; Hartwig, John. F.

    2009-01-01

    We report that the complex generated from Pd[P(o-tol)3]2 and the alkylbisphosphine CyPF-t-Bu is a highly active and selective catalyst for the coupling of ammonia with aryl chlorides, bromides, iodides, and sulfonates. The couplings of ammonia with this catalyst conducted with a solution of ammonia in dioxane form primary arylamines from a variety of aryl electrophiles in high yields. Catalyst loadings as low as 0.1 mol % were sufficient for reactions of many aryl chlorides and bromides. In t...

  4. Pd(OAc)2-Catalyzed, AgOAc-Promoted Z Selective Directed ?-Arylation of Acrylamide Systems and Stereoselective Construction of Z-Cinnamamide Scaffolds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parella, Ramarao; Babu, Srinivasarao Arulananda

    2015-12-18

    A Pd(OAc)2-catalyzed, AgOAc-promoted and bidentate ligand-directed Z selective C-H activation, followed by the ?-arylation of the C(sp(2))-H bond of N-(quinolin-8-yl)acrylamide systems with aryl- and heteroaryl iodides, and a contemporary method for the construction of various Z-cinnamamides and ?,?-diarylated acrylamides are reported. A plausible reaction mechanism comprising the bidentate ligand-aided, chelation-based C-H functionalization was proposed for the observed Z selective ?-arylation of N-(quinolin-8-yl)acrylamide systems. PMID:26618781

  5. A Robust Protocol for Pd(II)-catalyzed C-3 Arylation of (1H) Indazoles and Pyrazoles: Total Synthesis of Nigellidine Hydrobromide

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Mengchun; Edmunds, Andrew J. F.; Morris, James A.; Sale, David; Zhang, Yejia; Yu, Jin-Quan

    2013-01-01

    C3-arylated indazole and pyrazoles are privileged structural motifs in agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. C-3 C-H arylation of (1H) indazole and pyrazole has been a significant challenge due to the poor reactivity of the C-3 position. Herein, we report a practical Pd(II)/Phen catalyst and conditions for direct C-3 arylation of indazole and pyrazole with ArI or ArBr without using Ag additives as halide scavengers. The use of toluene, chlorobenzene, trifluoromethylbenzene and mesitylene as the ...

  6. Synthesis, algal inhibition activities and QSAR studies of novel gramine compounds containing ester functional groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xia; Yu, Liangmin; Jiang, Xiaohui; Xia, Shuwei; Zhao, Haizhou

    2009-05-01

    2,5,6-Tribromo-1-methylgramine (TBG), isolated from bryozoan Zoobotryon pellucidum was shown to be very efficient in preventing recruitment of larval settlement. In order to improve the compatibility of TBG and its analogues with other ingredients in antifouling paints, structural modification of TBG was focused mainly on halogen substitution and N-substitution. Two halogen-substitute gramines and their derivatives which contain ester functional groups at N-position of gramines were synthesized. Algal inhibition activities of the synthesized compounds against algae Nitzschia closterium were evaluated and the Median Effective Concentration (EC50) range was 1.06-6.74 ?g ml-1. Compounds that had a long chain ester group exhibited extremely high antifouling activity. Quantitive Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) studies with multiple linear regression analysis were applied to find correlation between different calculated molecular descriptors and biological activity of the synthesized compounds. The results show that the toxicity (log (1/EC50)) is correlated well with the partition coefficient log P. Thus, these products have potential function as antifouling agents.

  7. Generation of Tg(cyp1a:gfp) Transgenic Zebrafish for Development of a Convenient and Sensitive In Vivo Assay for Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hongyan; Li, Caixia; Li, Yan; Ng, Grace Hwee Boon; Liu, Chunsheng; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Gong, Zhiyuan

    2015-12-01

    Both dioxins/dioxin-like compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are persistent organic pollutants and cause multiple adverse health effects on human and wildlife. Cyp1a is the most commonly used biomarker induced by these pollutants through activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway. Here we generated Tg(cyp1a:gfp) transgenic zebrafish for establishing a convenient in vivo assay for analysing these xenobiotic compounds. The Tg(cyp1a:gfp) larvae at 4 day post-fertilization were tested with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), and GFP induction was observed mainly in the kidney, liver and gut. Similar GFP expression was also induced strongly by two dioxin-like chemicals, co-planar polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB126) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furan (PeCDF) and relatively weakly by two PAHs, 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and benzo[a]pyrene (BAP). The lowest observed effective concentration (LOEC) of TCDD was estimated to be ?1 pM and the EC50 (effective concentration to induce GFP in 50 % of Tg(cyp1a:gfp) larvae) was ?10 pM. PCB126 and PeCDF had ?10× lower potencies in GFP induction than TCDD, while the potencies for 3-MC and BAP were at least 1000× lower. The sensitivity of Tg(cyp1a:gfp) larvae to respond TCDD was also favourable compared to that of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) assay in both zebrafish larvae and adult livers. As GFP-based assay in transgenic zebrafish can be easily accommodated in multi-well dishes, the Tg(cyp1a:gfp) zebrafish should provide not only a valuable biomonitoring tool for aquatic contaminants but also a potential high-throughput chemical screening platform for identification of new AhR agonists. PMID:26410295

  8. Modulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor target genes in circulating lymphocytes from dairy cows bred in a dioxin-like PCB contaminated area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Animal productions (i.e. fish, eggs, milk and dairy products) represent the major source of exposure to dioxins, furans, and dioxin-like (DL) polychlorobiphenyls for humans. The negative effects of these highly toxic and persistent pollutants are mediated by the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) that elicits the transcriptional induction of several genes, including those involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Previously we demonstrated the presence and functioning of the AHR signaling pathway in primary cultures of bovine blood lymphocytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate by real time PCR the expression and the inducibility of selected target genes (i.e. AHR, AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT), AHR repressor, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1) in uncultured cells from dairy cows naturally exposed to DL-compounds. The study was carried out on two groups of animals bred in a highly polluted area and characterized by a different degree of contamination, as assessed by bulk milk TEQ values, and a control group reared in an industry free area. Bovine lymphocytes expressed only AHR, ARNT and CYP1B1 genes to a detectable level; moreover, only CYP1B1 expression appeared to be correlated to TEQ values, being higher in the most contaminated group, and decreasing along with animal decontamination. Finally, lymphocytes from exposed cows displayed a lower inducibility of both CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 after the in vitro treatment with a specific AHR ligand. In conclusion, our results indicate that DL-compound contaminated cows may display significant changes in AHR-target gene expression of circulating lymphocytes. - Highlights: ? The expression of AHR-target genes in blood bovine lymphocytes was evaluated. ? The lymphocyte CYP1B1 expression appears to be related to bulk milk TEQ values. ? Blood lymphocytes from dairy cows might represent a matrix for dioxin biomonitoring

  9. Modulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor target genes in circulating lymphocytes from dairy cows bred in a dioxin-like PCB contaminated area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Girolami, Flavia, E-mail: flavia.girolami@unito.it [Department of Animal Pathology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy); Spalenza, Veronica, E-mail: veronica.spalenza@unito.it [Department of Animal Production, Epidemiology and Ecology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy); Carletti, Monica, E-mail: monica.carletti@unito.it [Department of Animal Pathology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy); Sacchi, Paola, E-mail: paola.sacchi@unito.it [Department of Animal Production, Epidemiology and Ecology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy); Rasero, Roberto, E-mail: roberto.rasero@unito.it [Department of Animal Production, Epidemiology and Ecology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy); Nebbia, Carlo, E-mail: carlo.nebbia@unito.it [Department of Animal Pathology, University of Turin, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy)

    2013-04-15

    Animal productions (i.e. fish, eggs, milk and dairy products) represent the major source of exposure to dioxins, furans, and dioxin-like (DL) polychlorobiphenyls for humans. The negative effects of these highly toxic and persistent pollutants are mediated by the activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) that elicits the transcriptional induction of several genes, including those involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Previously we demonstrated the presence and functioning of the AHR signaling pathway in primary cultures of bovine blood lymphocytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate by real time PCR the expression and the inducibility of selected target genes (i.e. AHR, AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT), AHR repressor, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1) in uncultured cells from dairy cows naturally exposed to DL-compounds. The study was carried out on two groups of animals bred in a highly polluted area and characterized by a different degree of contamination, as assessed by bulk milk TEQ values, and a control group reared in an industry free area. Bovine lymphocytes expressed only AHR, ARNT and CYP1B1 genes to a detectable level; moreover, only CYP1B1 expression appeared to be correlated to TEQ values, being higher in the most contaminated group, and decreasing along with animal decontamination. Finally, lymphocytes from exposed cows displayed a lower inducibility of both CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 after the in vitro treatment with a specific AHR ligand. In conclusion, our results indicate that DL-compound contaminated cows may display significant changes in AHR-target gene expression of circulating lymphocytes. - Highlights: ? The expression of AHR-target genes in blood bovine lymphocytes was evaluated. ? The lymphocyte CYP1B1 expression appears to be related to bulk milk TEQ values. ? Blood lymphocytes from dairy cows might represent a matrix for dioxin biomonitoring.

  10. EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF MUTAGENIC ARYL AMINES IN HUMAN BREAST MILK AND DNA ADDUCTS IN EXFOLIATED BREAST-DUCT EPITHELIAL CELLS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aromatic (AA) and heterocyclic amines (HAA) are ubiquitous environmental mutagens present in combustions emissions, fried meats, tobacco smoke, etc., and are suspect human mammary carcinogens. To determine the presence of aryl amines in breast tissue and fluid, we examined exfol...

  11. Palladium catalyzed heck arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran-effect of the palladium precursor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morel, Adam; Trzeciak, Anna M; Pernak, Juliusz

    2014-01-01

    Heck arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran with iodobenzene was carried out in systems consisting of different palladium precursors (Pd2(dba)3, Pd(acac)2, PdCl2(cod), [PdCl(allyl)]2, PdCl2(PhCN)2, PdCl2(PPh3)2) and ionic liquids (CILs) with L-prolinate or L-lactate anions. All the tested CILs caused remarkable increases of the conversion values and in all of the reactions 2-phenyl-2,3-dihydrofuran (3) was obtained as the main product with a yield of up to 59.2%. The highest conversions of iodobenzene were achieved for the [PdCl(allyl)]2 precursor. Formation of Pd(0) nanoparticles, representing the resting state of the catalyst, was evidenced by TEM. PMID:24950443

  12. Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Morel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Heck arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran with iodobenzene was carried out in systems consisting of different palladium precursors (Pd2(dba3, Pd(acac2, PdCl2(cod, [PdCl(allyl]2, PdCl2(PhCN2, PdCl2(PPh32 and ionic liquids (CILs with L-prolinate or L-lactate anions. All the tested CILs caused remarkable increases of the conversion values and in all of the reactions 2-phenyl-2,3-dihydrofuran (3 was obtained as the main product with a yield of up to 59.2%. The highest conversions of iodobenzene were achieved for the [PdCl(allyl]2 precursor. Formation of Pd(0 nanoparticles, representing the resting state of the catalyst, was evidenced by TEM.

  13. Preparation of MIP grafts for quercetin by tandem aryl diazonium surface chemistry and photopolymerization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The food antioxidant quercetin was used as a template in an ultrathin molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film prepared by photopolymerization. Indium tin oxide (ITO) plates were electrografted with aryl layers via a diazonium salt precursor bearing two terminal hydroxyethyl groups. The latter act as hydrogen donors for the photosensitizer isopropylthioxanthone and enabled the preparation of MIP grafts through radical photopolymerization of methacrylic acid (the functional monomer) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (the crosslinker) in the presence of quercetin (the template) on the ITO. The template was extracted, and the remaining ITO electrode used for the amperometric determination of quercetin at a working potential of 0.26 V (vs. SCE). The analytical range is from 5.10?8 to 10?4 mol L?1, and the detection limit is 5.10?8 mol L?1. (author)

  14. The Use of Aryl Hydrazide Linkers for the Solid Phase Synthesis of Chemically Modified Peptides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woo, Y; Mitchell, A R; Camarero, J A

    2006-11-03

    Since Merrifield introduced the concept of solid phase synthesis in 1963 for the rapid preparation of peptides, a large variety of different supports and resin-linkers have been developed that improve the efficiency of peptide assembly and expand the myriad of synthetically feasible peptides. The aryl hydrazide is one of the most useful resin-linkers for the synthesis of chemically modified peptides. This linker is completely stable during Boc- and Fmoc-based solid phase synthesis and yet it can be cleaved under very mild oxidative conditions. The present article reviews the use of this valuable linker for the rapid and efficient synthesis of C-terminal modified peptides, head-to-tail cyclic peptides and lipidated peptides.

  15. Palladium nanoparticle anchored polyphosphazene nanotubes: preparation and catalytic activity on aryl coupling reactions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Devi; A Ashok Kumar; S Sankar; K Dinakaran

    2015-06-01

    Highly accessible-supported palladium (Pd) nanoparticles anchored polyphosphazene (PPZ) nanotubes (NTs) having average diameter of 120 nm were synthesized rapidly at room temperature and homogeneously decorated with Pd nanoparticles. The resultant PPZ–Pd nanocomposites were morphologically and structurally characterized by means of transmission electron microscope equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Characterization results showed that the Pd nanoparticles with good dispersibility could be well anchored onto the surfaces of the PPZ NTs. The PPZ–Pd NTs show enhanced catalytic activity for the Suzuki coupling of aryl bromides with arylboronic acid. In addition, these PPZ–Pd NTs show excellent behaviour as reusable catalysts of the Suzuki and Heck coupling reactions.

  16. Novel routes in flame retardancy of bisphenol A polycarbonate/impact modifier/aryl phosphate blends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wawrzyn, Eliza

    2013-07-01

    The massive use of electronic engineering products accompanied by high demands on fire safety has led to increasing interest in environmentally friendly flame retardancy of bisphenol A polycarbonate (PC) based materials. In this work, novel routes for enhancing the flame retardancy of PC/Impact Modifier/Aryl phosphate were studied with respect to pyrolysis (TG, TG-FTIR, ATR-FTIR, NMR), flammability (LOI and UL 94) and fire behavior (cone calorimeter at different irradiations). To improve charring of PC/ABS{sub PTFE}+Aryl phosphate, the exchange of bisphenol A bis(diphenyl phosphate) (BDP) with novel aryl phosphates was proposed. Two novel flame retardants were synthesized: 3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexylbisphenol-bis(diphenyl phosphate) (TMC-BDP) and bisphenol A-bis(diethylphosphate) (BEP). TMC-BDP was more stable than BDP, thus gave a potential to increase the chemical reactions between the components of the PC/ABS{sub PTFE}+Aryl phosphate, whereas more reactive BEP was expected to increase the cross linking activity with the polymer matrix. Nevertheless, the corresponding blends did not enhance the flame retardancy compared to PC/ABS{sub PTFE}+BDP. BEP in PC/ABS{sub PTFE} preferred to cross-link with itself instead of with PC, thus it showed poor fire protection performance. TMC-BDP gave as good results as BDP in PC/ABS PTFE material. The results delivered evidence that BDP possesses a high degree of optimization in PC/ABS{sub PTFE} system. To provide a novel impact modifier improving not only mechanical properties but also the fire retardancy of PC/BDP material, the replacement of highly flammable acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) with silicon acrylate rubber (SiR) with high content of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was studied. In PC/SiR{sub PTFE}/BDP the replacement of ABS is beneficial, but PDMS worsened the BDP gas phase and condensed phase action. PDMS reacted also with PC during combustion. PDMS-PC and PDMS-BDP interactions led to silicon dioxide. In fact, the inorganic residue of PC/SiR{sub PTFE}/BDP contributed to fire residue and greatly improved the LOI of about 10 % in comparison to PC/ABS{sub PTFE}+BDP system. Thus, the use of SiR with high PDMS content is proposed as replacement of ABS in PC/Impact Modifier/BDP blend. To enhance the fire protection, the PC/SiR{sub PTFE}/BDP was combined with several adjuvants: (i) layered fillers: talc and organically modified layered silicate (LS), (ii) metal hydroxides: magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH){sub 2}) and boehmite (AlO(OH)), (iii) metal oxides and carbonate: magnesium oxide (MgO) and silicium dioxide (SiO{sub 2}) and calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) as well as (iiii) hydrated metal borates: zinc borate (ZnB), calcium borate (CaB) and magnesium borate (MgB). It was demonstrated that the blend PC/SiR{sub PTFE}/BDP+filler is very sensitive to chemical (e.g. hydrolysis) and physical (e.g. viscosity) effects. Additionally, the large deformations of PC/SiR{sub PTFE}/BDP materials make difficult to optimize the char. Overall, the ZnB, MgB and CaB are proposed for enhancing the flame retardancy of PC/SiR/BDP with respect to flammability results, reduction of fire hazard and maximum of heat release rate. The results of this work enable the under standing of various mechanisms controlling the fire behavior and thus effective selection of the most appropriate flame retardant, impact modifier and inorganic fillers for producing fire resistant PC based polymers.

  17. Evidence of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in chemosynthetic mussels from the Gulf of Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that controls expression of various genes including cytochrome P450. Polynuclear aromatic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons are agonists for the AhR in fish and mammalian species. Previously, a homologous AhR has not been identified in marine invertebrate species. Chemosynthetic mussels were collected from gas and petroleum seeps in the Gulf of Mexico to investigate the presence of the AhR and the induction of the cytochrome P450 system. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the gill and hepatopancreas were elevated in the petroleum seep mussels relative to those from the gas seep. A nuclear AhR in the hepatopancreas was detected in both mussel populations after treatment with [3H]-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (tcdd) followed by sucrose density gradient analysis. Gel mobility shift assays using a labeled dioxin responsive element (DRE) oligonucleotide and tcdd-transformed mussel cytosol showed a retarded band which could be competed with excess unlabeled DRE. Results from gel shifts indicated specific binding of the tcdd-mussel AhR complex to its responsible element. Finally, PCR primers designed to amplify a 700 base pair region of the human AhR detected AhR mRNA in both mussel populations. The sequence of this PCR product is being determined. The presence of the AhR in marine invertebrates has important implications in the evolutionary age tant implications in the evolutionary age of the AhRThe aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that controls expression of various genes including cytochrome P450. Polynuclear aromatic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons are agonists for the AhR in fish and mammalian species. Previously, a homologous AhR has not been identified in marine invertebrate species. Chemosynthetic mussels were collected from gas and petroleum seeps in the Gulf of Mexico to investigate the presence of the AhR and the induction of the cytochrome P450 system. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the gill and hepatopancreas were elevated in the petroleum seep mussels relative to those from the gas seep. A nuclear AhR in the hepatopancreas was detected in both mussel populations after treatment with [3H]-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (tcdd) followed by sucrose density gradient analysis. Gel mobility shift assays using a labeled dioxin responsive element (DRE) oligonucleotide and tcdd-transformed mussel cytosol showed a retarded band which could be competed with excess unlabeled DRE. Results from gel shifts indicated specific binding of the tcdd-mussel AhR complex to its responsible element. Finally, PCR primers designed to amplify a 700 base pair region of the human AhR detected AhR mRNA in both mussel populations. The sequence of this PCR product is being determined. The presence of the AhR in marine invertebrates has important implications in the evolutionary age

  18. Engaging unactivated alkyl, alkenyl and aryl iodides in visible-light-mediated free radical reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, John D.; D'Amato, Erica M.; Narayanam, Jagan M. R.; Stephenson, Corey R. J.

    2012-10-01

    Radical reactions are a powerful class of chemical transformations. However, the formation of radical species to initiate these reactions has often required the use of stoichiometric amounts of toxic reagents, such as tributyltin hydride. Recently, the use of visible-light-mediated photoredox catalysis to generate radical species has become popular, but the scope of these radical precursors has been limited. Here, we describe the identification of reaction conditions under which photocatalysts such as fac-Ir(ppy)3 can be utilized to form radicals from unactivated alkyl, alkenyl and aryl iodides. The generated radicals undergo reduction via hydrogen atom abstraction or reductive cyclization. The reaction protocol utilizes only inexpensive reagents, occurs under mild reaction conditions, and shows exceptional functional group tolerance. Reaction efficiency is maintained upon scale-up and decreased catalyst loading, and the reaction time can be significantly shortened when the reaction is performed in a flow reactor.

  19. A sulfonated poly (aryl ether ether ketone ketone) isomer: synthesis and DMFC performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yu Seung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, Baijun [JILIN UNIV.; Hu, Wei [JILIN UNIV.; Jiang, Zhenhua [JILIN UNIV.; Robertson, Gilles [CANADA NRC; Guiver, Michael [CANADA NRC

    2009-01-01

    A sulfonated poly(aryl ether ether ketone ketone) (PEEKK) having a well-defined rigid homopolymer-like chemical structure was synthesized from a readily-prepared PEEKK post-sulfonation with concentrated sulfuric acid at room temperature within several hours. The polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) cast from the resulting polymer exhibited an excellent combination of thermal resistance, oxidative and dimensional stability, low methanol fuel permeability and high proton conductivity. Furthermore, membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were successfully fabricated and good direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) performance was observed. At 2 M MeOH feed, the current density at 0.5 V reached 165 mA/cm, which outperformed our reported analogues and eveluated Nafion membranes.

  20. High yield silicon carbide from alkylated or arylated pre-ceramic polymer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alkylated or arylated methylpolysilanes which exhibit ease of handling and are used to obtain silicon carbide ceramic materials in high yields contain 0 to 60 mole percent (CH3)2Si double bond units and 40 to 100 mole percent CH3Si triple bond units, wherein there is also bonded to the silicon atoms other silicon atoms and additional alkyl radicals of 1 to 4 carbon atoms or phenyl. They may be prepared by reaction of a Grignard reagent RMgX, where X is halogen and R is Csub(1-4)-alkyl or phenyl, with a starting material which is a solid at 250C, and is identical to the product except that the remaining bonds on the silicon atoms are attached to another silicon atom, or a chlorine or a bromine atom. Ceramics result from heating the polysilane products to 12000C, optionally with fillers. (author)

  1. Aryl diketoacids (ADK) selectively inhibit duplex DNA-unwinding activity of SARS coronavirus NTPase/helicase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chaewoon; Lee, Jin Moo; Lee, Na-Ra; Jin, Bong-Suk; Jang, Kyoung Jin; Kim, Dong-Eun; Jeong, Yong-Joo; Chong, Youhoon

    2009-03-15

    As anti-HCV aryl diketoacids (ADK) are good metal chelators, we anticipated that ADKs might serve as potential inhibitors of SARS CoV (SCV) NTPase/helicase (Hel) by mimicking the binding modes of the bismuth complexes which effectively competes for the Zn(2+) ion binding sites in SCV Hel thereby disrupting and inhibiting both the NTPase and helicase activities. Phosphate release assay and FRET-based assay of the ADK analogues showed that the ADKs selectively inhibit the duplex DNA-unwinding activity without significant impact on the helicase ATPase activity. Also, antiviral activities of the ADKs were shown dependent upon the substituent. Taken together, these results suggest that there might be ADK-specific binding site in the SCV Hel, which warrants further investigations with diverse ADKs to provide valuable insights into rational design of specific SCV Hel inhibitors. PMID:19233643

  2. A selective aryl hydrocarbon receptor modulator 3,3'-Diindolylmethane inhibits gastric cancer cell growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Xiao-Fei

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR is a ligand-activated transcription factor associated with gastric carcinogenesis. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM is a relatively non-toxic selective AhR modulator. This study was to detect the effects of DIM on gastric cancer cell growth. Methods Gastric cancer cell SGC7901 was treated with DIM at different concentrations (0,10,20,30,40,50??mol/L with or without an AhR antagonist, resveratrol. The expression of AhR and Cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1, a classic target gene of AhR pathway, were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot; cell viability was measured by MTT assay, and the changes in cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Results RT-PCR and western-blot showed that with the increase of the concentration of DIM, AhR protein gradually decreased and CYP1A1 expression increased, suggesting that DIM activated the AhR pathway and caused the translocation of AhR from cytoplasm to nucleus. MTT assay indicated that the viability of SGC7901 cells was significantly decreased in a concentration- and time-dependent manner after DIM treatment and this could be partially reversed by resveratrol. Flow cytometry analysis showed that DIM arrested cell cycle in G1 phase and induced cell apoptosis. Conclusion Selective aryl hydrocarbon receptor modulator 3,3'-Diindolylmethane inhibits SGC7901 cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis and delaying cell cycle progression. AhR may be a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer treatment.

  3. Thermodynamic properties of donor-acceptor complexes of tertiary amine with aryl ketones in hexane medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, R. [Department of Physics, The New College, Chennai 600 014 (India); Jayakumar, S. [Department of Physics, R.K.M. Vivekananda College, Chennai 600 004 (India); Kannappan, V., E-mail: vkannappan@hotmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Presidency College, Chennai 600 005 (India)

    2012-05-20

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ultrasonic scan is carried out on ternary systems of aromatic tertiary amine and three aryl ketones. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of CT complexes is found between tertiary amine with aryl ketones. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stability constant values are computed by ultrasonic and spectral methods are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The trend in the 'K' suggests that substituents in ketones influence the stabilities of these complexes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The thermodynamic parameters suggest CT interaction is exothermic and the complexes are thermodynamically stable. - The thermodynamic stability of complexes formed between N,N-dimethylaniline (DMANI) and three ketones, namely, acetophenone (ACP), 4-chloroactophenone (ClACP) and 4-methylacetophenone (MACP) in n-hexane is extensively investigated by spectral and ultrasonic methods. The ultrasound scan was carried out in the temperature range 208.15-313.15 K and at atmospheric pressure on solutions containing equimolar concentrations of components ranging from 0.025 to 0.2 M. The existence of solute-solute interactions has also been confirmed through electronic absorption spectra analyzed with Benesi-Hildebrand theory at 303.15 K. The stability constants of the donor-acceptor complexes determined both by spectroscopic and ultrasonic methods are comparable and follow similar trends. The trend in the formation constants is discussed with structures of the components. The thermodynamic behavior of the systems was explained through the computed values of the free energy ({Delta}G), enthalpy ({Delta}H) and entropy ({Delta}S) changes for complex formation are computed and discussed.

  4. Pd(ii)-catalyzed formal [4+1] cycloaddition reactions of diazoacetates and aryl propargyl alcohols to form 2,5-dihydrofurans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Taoda; Guo, Xin; Teng, Shenghan; Hu, Wenhao

    2015-10-21

    A Pd(ii)-catalyzed formal [4+1] cycloaddition of aryl diazoacetates and aryl propargyl alcohols is reported to afford 2,5-dihydrofuran derivatives as the dominant product over other traditional ones. The auto-tandem catalytic process is proposed to occur via Pd(ii)-catalyzed intermolecular oxonium ylide formation and subsequent intramolecular trapping of the ylide with Pd(ii)-activated alkynes. PMID:26328786

  5. A Model for Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Activated Gene Expression Shows Potency and Efficacy Changes and Predicts Squelching Due to Competition for Transcription Co-Activators

    OpenAIRE

    Simon, Ted W.; Budinsky, Robert A.; Rowlands, J. Craig

    2015-01-01

    A stochastic model of nuclear receptor-mediated transcription was developed based on activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) and subsequent binding the activated AHR to xenobiotic response elements (XREs) on DNA. The model was based on effects observed in cells lines commonly used as in vitro experimental systems. Following ligand binding, the AHR moves into the cell nucleus and forms a heterodimer with the aryl hydrocarbon nuclear transloc...

  6. Natrolite zeolite supported copper nanoparticles as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the 1,3-diploar cycloaddition and cyanation of aryl iodides under ligand-free conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasrollahzadeh, Mahmoud; Sajadi, S Mohammad; Rostami-Vartooni, Akbar; Khalaj, Mehdi

    2015-09-01

    In this paper, we report the preparation of Natrolite zeolite supported copper nanoparticles as a heterogeneous catalyst for 1,3-diploar cycloaddition and synthesis aryl nitriles from aryl iodides under ligand-free conditions. The catalyst was characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, EDS and TG-DTA. The experimental procedure is simple, the products are formed in high yields and the catalyst can be recycled and reused several times without any significant loss of catalytic activity. PMID:25988488

  7. Correlation of Hydrogen-Atom Abstraction Reaction Efficiencies for Aryl Radicals with their Vertical Electron Affinities and the Vertical Ionization Energies of the Hydrogen Atom Donors

    OpenAIRE

    Jing, Linhong; Nash, John J.; Kenttämaa, Hilkka I.

    2008-01-01

    The factors that control the reactivities of aryl radicals toward hydrogen-atom donors were studied by using a dual-cell Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT – ICR). Hydrogen-atom abstraction reaction efficiencies for two substrates, cyclohexane and isopropanol, were measured for twenty-three structurally different, positively-charged aryl radicals, which included dehydrobenzenes, dehydronaphthalenes, dehydropyridines, and dehydro(iso)quinolines. A logarithmic corre...

  8. Palladium-catalyzed synthesis of 2-alkenyl-3-arylindoles via a dual ?-arylation strategy: formal synthesis of the antilipemic drug fluvastatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kale, Ajit Prabhakar; Kumar, Gangam Srikanth; Kapur, Manmohan

    2015-12-01

    A new approach has been developed for the synthesis of substituted 2-alkenyl-3-arylindoles. The strategy comprises palladium-catalyzed dual ?-arylation of TES-enol ethers of enones as the key step. This methodology results in products with very good yields and the regioselectivity is exclusive. We have also successfully used this dual ?-arylation methodology in the formal synthesis of the cholesterol-lowering drug fluvastatin. PMID:26384042

  9. Microwave-mediated reductive amination-cyclization of 4-aryl-4-oxobutanoates: Facile synthesis of 3-methylidene-5-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyrrolidones

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    H Surya Prakash Rao; S P Senthilkumar

    2004-03-01

    Microwave-mediated three-component condensation of 4-aryl-4-oxobutanoates with ammonium formate furnishes 3-methylidene-5-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyrrolidones in good yield within 2 min. The pyrrolidone products were characterized on the basis of spectral data and X-ray crystal structure analysis. The reaction is found to be general and a variation in the ester and aryl moieties is possible. However, when alkylammonium formate is used only amide products are formed.

  10. Synthesis of 2-(2-R1-Hydrazino-5-(R2-benzyl-2-thiazolines on the Basis of Meerweins Arylation Products of Allyl Isothiocyanate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mykola I. Ganushchak

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available 3-Aryl-2-chloropropylisothiocyanates (1 are formed by interaction of arenediazonium chlorides with allyl isothiocyanate. Adducts 1 react with monoacylhydrazines to form 1-acyl-4-(3-aryl-2-chloropropylthiosemicarbazides (2a–d. Thiosemicarbazides 2a–d in the presence of bases selectively transform into 2-(2-R1-hydrazino-5-(R2-benzyl-2-thiazolines (3a–d.

  11. Site-directed mutagenesis of selected residues at the active site of aryl-alcohol oxidase, an H2O2-producing ligninolytic enzyme.

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, P.; Ruiz-Duenas, F. J.; Martinez, M.J.; Berkel, W.J.H., van; Martinez, A.T.

    2006-01-01

    Aryl-alcohol oxidase provides H2O2 for lignin biodegradation, a key process for carbon recycling in land ecosystems that is also of great biotechnological interest. However, little is known of the structural determinants of the catalytic activity of this fungal flavoenzyme, which oxidizes a variety of polyunsaturated alcohols. Different alcohol substrates were docked on the aryl-alcohol oxidase molecular structure, and six amino acid residues surrounding the putative substrate-binding site we...

  12. Tandem C-O and C-N Bonds Formation Through O-Arylation and [3,3]-Rearrangement by Diaryliodonium Salts: Synthesis of N-Aryl Benzo[1,2,3]triazin-4(1H)-one Derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Wei-Min; Ma, Xiao-Pan; Pan, Cheng-Xue; Su, Gui-Fa; Mo, Dong-Liang

    2015-11-01

    Metal-free O-arylation and [3, 3]-rearrangement have been shown as an efficient strategy to construct new C-O and C-N bonds in one-pot reactions. The method was used to prepare N-aryl benzo[1,2,3]triazin-4(1H)-one derivatives in good yields from N-hydroxy benzo[1,2,3]triazin-4(3H)-one and diaryliodonium salts. The reaction was tolerated a variety of sensitive functional groups such as iodine, nitro, ester, and aldehyde groups. A rational mechanism was proposed based on the experimental results, and the reaction was easily up to gram scale. PMID:26473694

  13. WITTIG REACTION APPROACH FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF 7-METHOXY-2-[4- ALKYL/ARYL]-L-BENZOFURAN-5-CARBOXALDEHYDE Wittig-Reaktion Ansatz für die Synthese von 7-Methoxy-2-[4 - ALKYL / ARYL]-L-BENZOFURAN-5-CARBOXALDEHYDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bapu R Thorata, Dyneshwar Shelke, Ramdas Atram and Ramesh Yamgar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Vanillin undergoes sequence of reaction forming phosphonium salt through dimethyaminomethyl derivative (Mannich reaction. The synthesis of phosphonium salt can be achieved by sequence of three steps which was condense with series of aliphatic/aromatic acid chlorides by refluxing in toluene in presence of triethylamine (Wittig reaction as key step resulting 7-methoxy-2-alkyl/aryl-l-benzofuran-5-carboxaldehyde. The crude product was purified by using column chromatography and characterized by FTIR, NMR and Mass spectroscopy.

  14. Preparation of uranium compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiplinger, Jaqueline L; Montreal, Marisa J; Thomson, Robert K; Cantat, Thibault; Travia, Nicholas E

    2013-02-19

    UI.sub.3(1,4-dioxane).sub.1.5 and UI.sub.4(1,4-dioxane).sub.2, were synthesized in high yield by reacting turnings of elemental uranium with iodine dissolved in 1,4-dioxane under mild conditions. These molecular compounds of uranium are thermally stable and excellent precursor materials for synthesizing other molecular compounds of uranium including alkoxide, amide, organometallic, and halide compounds.

  15. Palladium-Catalyzed Aryl C(sp(2))-H Bond Hydroxylation of 2-Arylpyridine Using TBHP as Oxidant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jiawei; Liu, Ping; Sun, Peipei

    2015-03-01

    An efficient synthesis of phenols via Pd-catalyzed, pyridyl-directed homogeneous hydroxylation of the aryl C-H bond was developed, in which tert-butyl hydroperoxide was used as the sole oxidant. The method had a broad group tolerance and was available for both electron-rich and electron-deficient substrates. The reaction of a series of 2-arylpyridine derivatives gave the ortho-hydroxylation products in moderate to good yields. PMID:25664805

  16. Two expedient ‘one-pot’ methods for synthesis of -aryl--mercaptoketones over anhydrous potassium carbonate or amberlyst-15 catalyst

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chayan Guha; Rina Mondal; Rammohan Pal; Asok K Mallik

    2013-11-01

    Two expedient one-pot methods have been developed for synthesis of -aryl--mercaptoketones using acetophenones, benzaldehydes and thiols as starting materials. The methods involve microwave irradiation (5min) of 1:1 mixtures of acetophenones and benzaldehydes over neutral alumina supported anhydrous potassium carbonate or amberlyst-15 in the first step, and that is followed by addition of thiol to the resulting material and keeping at room temperature for 1.5 h.

  17. New chemical insights using weakly supported voltammetry: the reductive cleavage of Aryl-Br bonds is reversible.

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Y.; Barnes, EO; Compton, RG

    2012-01-01

    Cyclic voltammetry carried out at a wide range of supporting electrolyte concentrations and compositions can elucidate additional kinetic and mechanistic details of the electrochemical reduction of aryl halides. The cleavage of the C-Br bond is reversible, driven by H abstraction and the second electron transfer. This is a new chemical insight, as the cleavage of such bonds has usually been regarded as irreversible.

  18. Palladium-catalyzed coupling of ammonia and hydroxide with aryl halides: the direct synthesis of primary anilines and phenols.

    OpenAIRE

    Willis, MC

    2007-01-01

    (Chemical Equation Presented) Back to basics: Ligand design has allowed two longstanding limitations of Pd-catalyzed C-N and C-O coupling reactions to be overcome. The use of specific sterically demanding electron-rich phosphine ligands makes it possible for ammonia and potassium hydroxide to act as coupling partners in palladium-catalyzed coupling with aryl halides. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and. Co. KGaA.

  19. Direct assessment of cumulative aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist activity in sera from experimentally exposed mice and environmentally exposed humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlezinger, Jennifer J; Bernard, Pamela L; Haas, Amelia; Grandjean, Philippe; Weihe, Pal; Sherr, David H

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands adversely affect many biological processes. However, assessment of the significance of human exposures is hampered by an incomplete understanding of how complex mixtures affect AhR activation/inactivation. OBJECTIVES: These studies used biological readouts to provide a broader context for estimating human risk than that obtained with serum extraction and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS)-based assays alone. METHODS: AhR agonist activ...

  20. Synthesis of Benzomorphan Scaffolds by Intramolecular Buchwald-Hartwig Arylation and Approach Towards the Total Synthesis of the Macrolide Queenslandon

    OpenAIRE

    Khartulyari, Anton

    2007-01-01

    First part represents a new strategy toward the important class of benzomorphans. The key bond formation is based on an intramolecular Buchwald-Hartwig enolate arylation reaction. Thus, alkylation of piperidones with ortho-bromobenzyl bromides provides the necessary substrates. In the presence of a palladium catalyst, a sterically hindered phosphane ligand, and a base, carbon-carbon bond formation to tricyclic benzomorphan derivatives takes place. After removal of the N-protecting group, deri...